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'.CL — 



1 



{ 



COLLECTIONS 



or THE 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



(STommittcr of |)ublication. 

MELLEN CHAMBERLAIN. 
CLEMENT HUGH HILL. 
ARTHUR B. ELLIS. 
JAMES M. BUGBEE. 



COLLECTIONS 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



-VOL. I. — SIXTH SERIES. 




BOSTON: 
PTTBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY. 

M.IXJCC.LXXXVL 



tlitibrfil|{ Tfnu: 
John Wiuoa akd S05, Cambrtooil 



117803 






• •,•••«•••• • 
• •••••••••• • 

'' •• •*.••.• •••• • • ••*«•* •• 

• •• ••.•- ••,••••••• 

• •• • • ••. !••••••••• •• 

• •. • •••••.• •• ••••••• •• 

• • •• ••••*•* •• •• ••*•* •• 

* •••••^•..^•••••* ••• •• • 

• • • • '• ■• •••«•• « 

• • •***• •••• • •• • •• 



• • • 



• ••••« 



CONTENTS. 



Prefatory Note v 

Complete List of the Members of tub Massachusetts 

Historical Society ix 

Complete List of the Officers xxiv 

Officers Elected April 15, 1886 xxix 

Resident Members xxx 

Honorary and Corresponding Members xxxii 

Members Deceased xxxiv 

Honorary and Corresponding Members Deceased . . xxxiv 
Letter-Book of Samuel Sewall I 



PREFATORY NOTE. 



The Prefatory Note to the third volume of the Sewall 
Papebs speaks of other papers in the possession of the Society, 
containing Sewall's correspondence, with miscellaneous matter, 
the whole or a part of which might be published. The Society 
concluded to publish the whole of the Letter-Book in two 
volumes, the first of which now appears. The printing of other 
unpublished letters of Sewall in the second volume may depend 
upon their value, number, and accessibility, in respect to which 
the editors desire information. A general index will be printed 
at the end of the second volume. 

The editors have followed the order of the Letter-Book with- 
out chronological rearrangement of the matter, and their edi- 
torial labors have been made comparatively light by frequent 
reference to the full and learned notes to the Diary. 

Since the publication of Sewall's Diary, the estimate of its 
value has steadily appreciated. Many things which at first 
appeared trivial have thrown light into the dark recesses of 
colonial history; and such will doubtless prove the case with 
the Letters. Their absolute value as a contribution to American 
history can be more fully determined when presented in their 
entirety; and until that time the editors reserve expression 
of the opinions they have formed during their labors. Notes 
not marked "Eds." appear in the margin of the manuscript 
volume. 

Boston, May 13, 1886. 



COLLECTIONS 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



VOL.1 SIXTH SERIES. 




BOSTON : 
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY. 

M,UCCC.LXXXV1 



MBMBBBS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



•Isaac Rand, M.D 

♦tRev. Ebenezer Fitch, D.D 

•John Williams, A.M 

•Rev. Jonathan Homer, D.D 

•tRev. John Allyn, D.D 

•tRev. Eliphalet Pearson, LL.D 

•Marston Watson 

•Hon. William Sullivan, LL.D 

•Hon. John Adamsf LL.D 

•Hon. Caleb Strong, LL.D 

•Hon. Thomas Lindall Wintbrop, LL.D. . 

•fJohn Langdon Sullivan, M.D 

•tRev. Zephaniah Willis, A.M 

•Rev. William Emerson, A.M 

•tRev. John Snelliug Popkin, D.D 

•tCharles Bulfinch, A.M 

•Hon. John Quincy Adams, LL'.D 

•tStephen Higginson, Esq 

•Rev. Peter Whitney, A.M 

•tObadiah Rich, Esq*. 

•William Smith Shaw, A.M 

•Rev. Joseph McKean, D.D., LL.D 

•Hon. Joseph Allen ; 

•Hon. Joshua Thomas, A.M 

•Rev. John Pierce, D.D 

•Joseph Coolidge, Esq 

•Rev. Joseph Stevens Buckminster, A.M. . 

•Isaiah Thomas, LL.D 

•Samuel Davis, A.M 

•tJoseph Tilden, A.M 

•Elisha Clap, A.M 

•Hon. James Savage, LL.D 

•tEphraim Eliot, A.M 

•tRev. Charles Lowell, D.D 

Do. re-elected 

•tHon. Charles Jackson, LL.D 

•tT^vi Hedge, LL.D 

•William Tudor, A.M 

•Hon. Joseph Storj-, LL.D 

•Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, LL.D 

•Rev. Stephen Palmer, A.M 

•tichabod Tucker, A.M 

•Hon. Francis Calley Gray, LL.D 

•tHon. John Pickering, LL.D 

Do. re-elected 

•tNathaniel Greenwood Snelling, Esq. . . . 

•Hon. Nahum Mitchell, A.M 

•Benjamin Ropes Nichols, A.M 

•Hon. William Wintbrop, A.M 

•Hon. Nathan Hale, LL.D 

•Rov. Samuel Ripley, A.M 

•Hon. Edward Everett, LL.D 

•Hon. James Cushing Merrill, A.M 

•Hon. Daniel Webster, LL.D 

•Rev. William Jenks, D.D., LL.D 

•James Bowdoin, A.M 

•Rev. Henry Ware, Jr., D.D. . . 

•William Jones Spooner, A.M. . . 

•Kev. Ezra Shaw Goodwin, A.M. 



RE8IDE2ICB. DATE OF ELECTION. 

Boston 19 July, 1798 . . . 

Willianistown 30 October, 1798 . 

Deerfield . . . ,, „ ,, . 

Newton .... 30 April, 1799 . . 

Duxbury ... 29 October, 1799 . 

Andover ... 28 January, 1800 . 

Boston 29 April, „ . 






Quincy 31 Jul}-, 1800 . . . 

Northampton ,, ,, ,, . . . 

Boston 25 October, 1800 . 

„ 28 April, 1801 . . . 

Kingston ... ,, ,, 

Boston 13 July, 

Cambridge . . ,, „ 

Boston 1 October, 1801 . 

Quincy .... 27 April, 1802 . . . 

Boston 25 January, 1803 . 

Northborough 28 August, 1804 . 

Boston 5 March, 1805 . . 

„ 7 November, 1805 

Cambridge . . 7 September, 1808 

Worcester. . . „ ,, „ 

Plymouth ... 25 October, „ 

Brookline ... 31 January*, 1809 . 

Boston 25 April, 1811 . . . 



»» 



Worcester . . 
Plymouth . . 
Boston .... 






»» 






MEMBERSHIP CEASED. AGE. 

d. 11 December, 1822 79 

R. 2 April, 1817 

d. 27 July, 1816 ... 65 

d. 11 August, 1843 . . 84 
R. 5 May, 1831 .... 
R. 28 August, 1810 . . 

d. 7 August, 1800 ... 45 

d. 3 September, 1839 . 64 

d. 4 July, 1826 90 

d. 7 November, 1819 . 74 

d. 22 February, 1841. 81 

Rem. 1818 

R. 25 April, 1815 . . . 

d. 12 May, 1811 42 

R. 26 January, 1826 . 
Rem. December, 1817 

d. 23 February, 1848 . 80 
R. 25 August, 1812 . . 

d. 29 February, 1816 . 71 

Rem. 1818. . 

d. 25 April, 1826 ... 47 

d. 17 March, 1818 ... 41 

d. 2 September, 1827 . 78 

d. 10 January, 1821 . 69 

d. 24 August, 1849 . . 76 

d. 19 November, 1840 67 

d. 9 June, 1812 28 



30 January, 1812 . 



t» 



Cambridge . 



29 October, ,, . 

28 January, 1813 . 
24 August, „ . 

29 August, 1815 . 
14 July, 1859 . . . 

Boston 29 August, 1815 . 

Cambridge • • ,, „ m • 

Boston 25 April, 1816 . . . 

Cambridge • • ,, ,, ,, 

Salem 27 August, 1816 . 

Needham . . . ,, ,, ,, 

Salem 26 August, 1817 . 

Boston 29 January, 1818 . 

Salem „ ,, „ . 

Boston 25 June, 1835 . . . 

„ 29 January, 1818 . 

Bridge water . 25 August, ,, . 

Salem 28 January', 1819 . 

Cambridge . . 27 January, 1820 . 

Boston 

Waltham . . . 

Boston 27 April, 



d. 4 April, 1831 

d. 10 July, 1829 

R. 25 April, 1816 . . . 
d. 22 October, 1830 . . 
d. 8 March, 1873 . . . 
R. 26 January, 1826 . 
R. 10 January, 1856 . 
d. 20 Januar>^ 1861 . 
R. 18 November, 1841 
R. 25 Januar>% 1827 . 
d. 9 March, 1830 . . . 
d. 10 September, 1845 



82 
64 

54 
88 



78 



51 
66 









f» 



»» 



♦ » 



Marshfield . . 27 August, 1821 . . 
Boston .... 



t» 



»» 



M 



ft 



If 



»» 



.... 



Cambridge . . 3 January', 1822 . 

Boston 25 April, „ . 

Sandwich . . . 



II 11 



II 



d. 8 May, 1845 61 

d. 31 October, 1821 . . 55 
R. 25 April, 1844 . . . 

d. 29 December, 1856 66 

R. 5 May, 1831 

d. 5 May, 1846 69 

R. 26 December, 1844 

d. 1 August, 1853. . . 84 

d. 30 April, 1848 ... 62 

d. 5 February, 1825 . . 72 

d. 8 February, 1863 . . 78 

d. 24 November, 1847 60 

d. 15 January, 1865 . 70 

d. 4 October, 1853 .. . 69 

d. 24 October, 1852. . 70 

d. 13 November, 1866 87 

d. 6 March, 1833 ... 38 

d. 22 September, 1843 49 

d. 17 October, 1824 . . 30 

d. 5 February, 1833 . 45 



MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



XI 



HAMS. 



RESIDENCE. 



n 



»» 



»» 



It 



i» 



i» 



»» 



tt 



i» 



*Hon. John Lowell, LL.D Boston 

*tHon. Theodore L\*man, A.M 

*Sainuel Pickering Gardner, A.M 

•Gamaliel Bradford, M.D 

•Rev. Francis William Pitt Greenwood, D.D. 

•tUon. John Gorham Palfrejr, D.D., LL.D. . Cambridge 

Do. re-elected 

•tCaleb Hopkins Snow, M.D t . . . Boston . . . 

•Jared Sparks, LL.D Cambridge 

•Benjamin Merrill, LL.D Salem . . . 

•Joseph Emerson Worcester, LL.D Cambridge 

•tJoshua Coffin, A.B Newbury . 

•Hon. Nathan Dane, LL.D Beverly . . 

•Joseph Willard, A.M Boston . . . 

•fHon. Alexander Hill Everett, LL.D. . . . 

•Lemuel Shattuck, Esq 

•Isaac P Davis, Esq 

•t AloDzo Lewis, Esq Lynn . 

•Rev. Joseph Barlow Felt, LL.D Salem 

•Hon. Lemuel Shaw, LL.D Boston 

•tHon. James Trecothick Austin, LL.D. . . 

•Rev. Benjamin Blydenburgh Wisner, D.D. 

•Rev. Convers Francis, D.D Cambridge . . 

•Hon. John Welles, A.M Boston 

•tHon. Charles Wentworth Upham, A.M. . Salem 

Do. re-elected 

•William Lincoln, A.B Worcester . . . 

•George Ticknor, LL.D Boston 

•Rev. John Codman, D.D Dorchester . . 

•Hon. Nathan Appleton, LL.D Boston 

tHon. George Bancroft, LL.D Northampton . 

•Rev. Alexander Young, D.D Boston 

•Hon. Rufus Choate, LL.D ,, 

•Hon. John Qlen King, A.M Salem 

•tRev. Samuel Sewall, A.M Burlington . . 

•Hon. Daniel Appleton White, LL.D. . . . Salem 

•tWilliam Gibbs, Esq Lexington . . 

•t Josiah Bartlett, M. D Concord .... 

•Hon. Simon Greenleaf, LL.D Cambridge . . 

•tHon. Francis Baylies Taunton . . . . 

•William Hickling Prescott, LL.D Boston 

Hon. Robert Charles Winthrop, LL.D. . . 
•tRev. William Cogswell, D.D 

•Rev. Alvan Lamson, D.D Dedhanf . . . 

•Hon. Nathaniel Morton Davis, A.M. . . . Plymouth . . 

Hon. Charles Francis Adams, LL.D. . . . Quincy .... 

•Hon. Samuel Hoar, LL.D Concord . . . 

•Rev. William Parsons Lunt, D.D Quincy .... 

Rev. George Edward Ellis, D.D., LL.D. . Boston .... 

•Hon. John Chipman Gray, LL.D 

•Rev. Nathaniel Langdon Frothingham, D.D. 
•tOliver William Bourn Peabody, A.M. . . 

•Hon. George Stillman Hillard, LL.D 

•Hon. William Minot, A.M 

Hon. Peleg Whitman Chandler, LL.D. . . 
•tRev. George Washington Blagden, D.D. . 

Rev. Lucius Robinson Paige, D.D Cambridge 

•Hon. Solomon Lincoln, A.M H Ingham . 

•Rev. Chandler Robbins, D.D Boston . . . 



DATE OF ELECTION. 

30 January, 1823 . 
24 April, „ 
24 August, 1824 . 
28 April, 1825 . . . 



M 



«} 



»J 



»l »l l> • • • 

30 June, 1842 . . . 
29 August, 1826 . 



it 



»» 



tt 



tt 



»» 



20 April, 1827 . . . 

28 August, 1827 . 

29 January, 1829 . 



n 



tt 



tt 



24 August, 1830 . 

U »» l» • 

It tt It • 

>♦ »» tt • 



tt 



tt 



tt 



5 May, 1831 . . . 



»» »» 



tt tt 



»i »» 



t» 



tt 



It 



26 January, 1832. 

tt tt »» 

14 November, 1867 

26 January, 1832 . 

25 July, 1833 . . . 

»» »» <» • • • 

26 June, 1834 . . . 

>» M It • • • 

25 June, 1835 . . . 

t» tt i» • • • 
,, ,. ,, . . . 

28 January, 1836 . 

26 May, „ . 
30 August, „ . 

tt »» tt • 

23 November, 1837 



tt 



It 



It 



»» 



26 July, 1838 . . . 
31 October, 1839 . 



»» tt 



»» 



n 



tt 



11 



»» 



»t 



»» 



It 



30 April, 1840 . . . 
30 July, ,, ... 

25 March, 1841 . . 
30 September, 1841 

»» M >» 

28 October, „ 
30 December, „ 

26 October, 1843 . 



>> 



tt 



»» 



>» 



tt 



tt 



23 November, 1843 
25 January, 1844 . 

29 February', 1844 

30 May, „ 
30 January, 1845 . 

4 December, 1845 



MEMBERSHIF CEASED. AGS. 

d. 12 March, 1840 ... 70 

R. 30 May, 1836 

d. 18 December, 1843 75 

d. 22 October, 1839 . . 44 

d. 2 August, 1843 ... 46 

R. 28 June, 18-38 

R. 17 April, 1854 . . . 
R. 26 February, 1835 

d. 14 March, 1866 ... 76 

d. 30 July, 1847 63 

d. 27 October, 1865 . . 81 
Rem. December, 1835 

d. 15 Februarj', 1836 . 82 

d. 12 May, 1865 67 

Rem. 1841 

d. 17 January, 1859 . 66 

d. 13 January-, 1855 . 83 
R. 1 January, 1844 . . 

d. 8 September, 1869 . 79 

d. 30 March, 1861 ... 80 
R. 10 Januar}% 1856 . 

d. 9 February, 1835 . 40 

d. 7 April, 1*863 67 

d. 25 September, 1865 90 

R. 19 May, 1852 

d. 15 June, 1875 .... 73 

d. 5 October, 1843 . . 42 

d. 26 January, 1871 . 79 

d. 23 December, 1847 65 

d. 14 July, 1861 .... 81 
Rem. December, 1849 

d. 16 March, 1854. . . 53 

d. 13 July, 1859 59 

d. 26 July, 1857 70 

R. 29 Augiist, 1837 . . 

d. 30 March, 1861 ... 84 
R. 27 March, 1851 . . 
R. 12 March, 1857 . . 

d. 6 October, 1853 . . 69 
U. 30 March, 1848 . . 

d. 28 January, 1859 . 62 

Rem. April, 1841 . . . 

d. 18 July, 1864 71 

d. 29 July, 1848 63 

d. 2 November, 1866 . 78 

d. 21 March, 1857 ... 51 

d. 3 March, 1881 ... 87 

d. 4 April, 1870 .... 76 
Rem. Aujcust, 1845 . . 

d. 21 January, 1879 . 70 

d. 2 June, 1873 89 

R. 14Februai:>',1884. 

d. 1 December, 1881 . 77 

d. 11 September, 1882 72 



Xll 



MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



NAME. 

tFrancU Bowen, LL.D 

*John Langdoo Sibley, A.M 

*Hon. Richard Frothingham, LL.D 

*Hon. Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff, M.D. 
Henry Wheatland, M.D 

•Thad'deus William Harris, M.D 

•tRev. William Ives Budington, D.D. . . . 

•Hon. David Sears, A.M 

•Sylvester Judd, Esq 

•Thomas Hopkins Webb, M.D 

Charles Deane, LL.D 

•George Livermore, A.M 

•tRev. William Barry, D.D 

Francis Parkman, LL.D 

•fEllis Ames, A.M 

tSamuel Eliot, LL.D 

Do. re-elected 

•Hon. John Henry Clifford, LL.D 

•Hon. William Brigham, A.M 

•Hon. Abbott Lawrence, LL.D 

•Hon. Emory Washburn, LL.D 

Rev. Samuel Kirkland Lothrop, D.D., LL.D. 

•Rev. William Newell, D.D 

•Hon. Lorenzo Sabine, A.M 

•Colonel Thomas Aspinwall, A.M 

•Rev. John Stetson Barry, A.M 

•John Amory Lowell, LL.D 

•Lucius ManliuB Sargent, A.M 

•Cornelius Conway Felton, LL.D 

•Hon. John Lothrop Motley, LL.D 

•Nathaniel Ingersoll Bowditch, A.M 

•George Robert Russell, LL.D 

•Hon. Charles Henry Warren, A.M 

•Rev. James Walker, D.D., LL.D 

•Rev. Edmund Hamilton Sears, D.D. ... 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, M.D., LL.D. . . 

•Hon. William Hyslop Sumner, A.M. . . . 

•Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, LL.D. . . 

fRev. Frederic Henry Hedge, D.D 

•Frederic Tudor, Esq 

•Jacob Bigelow, M.D., LL.D 

•tHon. George Thomas Davis, LL.B 

•Hon. Stephen Salisbury, LL.D 

Henry Austin Whitney, A.M 

•Hon.' Luther V Bell, M.D , LL.D 

•Rev. William Stoodley Bartlet, A.M 

•tJosiah Gilbert Holland, M.D 

•Rev. Charles Brooks, A.M 

•Hon. William Sturgis 

Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, A.M 

•Hon. William Appleton 

tRev. Alonzo Hall Quint, D.D 

•Hon. Thomas Greaves Carv, A.M 

•Samuel Foster Haven, LL.D 

tGeorge Ticknor Curtis, A.M 

•Hon. Richard Henry Dana, LL.D 

•Edward Augustus Crowninshield, A.M. . 

•Hon. Levi Lincoln, LL.D 

•Joseph Palmer, M.D 



RESIDENCE. DATE OF ELSCnON. 

Cambridge . . 4 December, 1845 

„ . . 1 January, 1846 . 

Charlestown . 30 July, „ . 

Boston 25 March, 1847 . . 

Salem 27 January, 1848 . 

Cambridge . . ,, ,, „ . 

Charlestown . 30 March, „ . 

Boston 27 April, „ . 

Northampton mm *} • 

Quincy .....' 28 September, 1848 

Cambridge . . 25 October, 1849 . 

„ . . 22 November, 1849 

Lowell 31 January, 1850 . 

Boston 26 February, 1852 

Canton 12 August, „ 

Brookline ... 10 March, 1853 . . 

Boston 20 April, 1865 . . . 

New Bedford 13 October, 1853 . 

Boston 8 December, 1853 

»> ♦» »> j» 

Cambridge . . 8 June, 1854 . . . 

Boston „ ,, ,, . . . 

Cambridge . . 14 December, 1854 

Roxbury . . . „ ,, „ 

Boston 12 April, 1855 . . . 

Needham . . . 8 November, 1855 

Boston „ „ „ 

West Roxbury 13 March, 1856 . . 

Cambridge . . ,, „ «» • • 

Boston 9 October, 1856 . 

„ 11 December, 1856 

Jamaica Plain 8 January, 1857 . 

Boston 12 March, „ . 

Cambridge . . 14 May, ,, . 

Wayland ... 13 August, ,, . 

Boston 10 September, 1857 

Jamaica Plain 10 December, „ 

Cambridge . . „ „ ,, 

Brookline ... 14 January, 1858 . 

Boston „ ,, ,, . 

„ 18 February, „ . 

Greenfield . . . „ ,, „ . 

Worcester. . . 11 March, „ . 

Boston ,, „ „ . 

Charlestown . 8 April, „ . 

v>neisea .... ,, ,, if * 

Springfield . . 13 May, „ . 

Medford . . . . „ „ ,, > 

Boston 17 June, ,, . 

Newton ....,,,, ,, . 

Boston 8 July, ,, . 

New Bedford . „ „ „ . 

Boston 11 August, ,, . 

Worcester. • . „ t, ,, . 

West Roxbury 9 September, 1858 

Cambridge . ,, „ „ 

Boston 9 December, „ 

Worcester ... 13 January, 1859 . 

B:>8ton „ „ „ . 



MEMBERSHIP CEASED. AGE. 

R 14 February, 1878. 

d. 9 December, 1885 . 80 

d. 29 January, 1880 . 68 

d. 17 October, 1874. . 64 



d. 16 January, 1856 
Rem. July, 1854 . . . 
d. 14 January, 1871 
d. 18 April, 1860 . . 
d. 2 August. 1866 . . 

d. 30 August, 1865 . 
Rem. 1853 



60 

83 
71 
84 

56 



R. 9 October, 1884 . . 
Rem. 24 June, 1856 . . 

d. 2 January, 1876 . . 66 

d. 9 July, 1869 62 

d. 18 August, 1855 . . 62 

d. 18 March, 1877 ... 77 

d. 28 October, 1881 . . 77 

d. 14 April, 1877 ... 74 

d. 11 August, 1876 . . 90 

d. 11 December, 1872 53 

d. 31 October, 1881 . . 83 

d. 2 June, 1867 80 

d. 26 February, 1862 . 54 

d. 29 May, 1877 63 

d. 16 April, 1861 ... 55 

d. 5 August, 1866 ... 67 

d. 29 June, 1874 75 

d. 23 December, 1874 80 

d. 19 January, 1876 . 65 

d. 24 October, 1861 . . 81 

d. 24 March, 1882 ... 75 
R. 9 November, 1876 . 

d. 6 February, 1864 . . 81 

d. 10 January-, 1879 . 91 
B. 9 November, 1871 . 

d. 24 August, 1884 . . 86 

d. 11 February, 1862 . 55 

d. 12 December, 1883 . 74 
Rem. 14 October, 1871 

d. 7 July, 1872 76 

d. 21 October, 1863 . . 82 

d. 15 February, 1862. 75 
R. 9 December, 1880 . 

d. 3 July, 1859 67 

d. 5 September, 1881 . 75 

Rem. 1862 

d. 8 January, 1882 . . 66 

d. 20 February, 1859 . 41 

d. 29 May, 1868 85 

d. 3 March, 1871 ... 74 



PREFATORY NOTE. 



The Prefatory Note to the third volume of the Sewall 
Papers speaks of other papers in the possession of the Society, 
containing Sewall's correspondence, with miscellaneous matter, 
the whole or a part of which might be published. The Society 
concluded to publish the whole of the Letter-Book in two 
volumes, the first of which now appears. The printing of other 
unpublished letters of Sewall in the second volume may depend 
upon their value, number, and accessibility, in respect to which 
the editors desire information. A general index will be printed 
at the end of the second volume. 

The editors have followed the order of the Letter-Book with- 
out chronological rearrangement of the matter, and their edi- 
torial labors have been made comparatively light by frequent 
reference to the full and learned notes to the Diary. 

Since the publication of Sewall's Diary, the estimate of its 
value has steadily appreciated. Many things which at first 
appeared trivial have thrown light into the dark recesses of 
colonial history; and such will doubtless prove the case with 
the Letters. Their absolute value as a contribution to American 
history can be more fully det<5rmined when presented in their 
entirety; and until that time the editors reserve expression 
of the opinions they have formed during their labors. Notes 
not marked " Eds." appear in the margin of the manuscript 
volume. 

Boston, May 13, 1886. 



MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 



IN THE ORDER OF THEIR ELECTION. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS. 



[Those with * prefixed hare died, and thoee with t oeued to be memben, by reeignatioD, remoTal firom the State, or 
otherwiee.] 

NAME. RESIDENCE. DATE OF ELECTION. MEMBERSHIP CEASED. AGE. 

*Rev. Jeremy Belknap, D.D Boston 24 January, 1791 . d. 20 June, 1798 .... 54 



>» 



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»» 



»» 



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ft 



f> 



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11 



Cambridge 



It 



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»« 



»> 



>» 



>» 



It 

t> 
»» 
t» 
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11 October, 



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•Rev. John Eliot, D.D 

*Rev. James Freeman, D.D 

*Hon. James Sullivan, LL.D 

•Rev. Peter Thacher, D.D 

•Hon. William Tudor, A.M 

•Thomas Wallcut, E»q 

•Hon. James Winthrop, LL.D 

•tHon. William Baylies, M.D Dighton . . . 

•Hon. George Richards Minot, A.M Boston . . . 

•Hon. David Sewall, LL.D York, Maine 

•Isaac Lothrop, Esq Plymouth . . 

•lion. John Davis, LL.D Boston .... 

•fRev. Manasseh Cutler, LL.D Hamilton . . 

•Aaron Dexter, M.D Boston .... 

•fHoo. Daniel Davis, A.M Cambridge . 

•Rev. Thaddeus Mason Harris, D.D. ... Boston 13 August, 1792 

•Thomas Pemberton 

•tWilliam Wetmore, A.M 

•Bedford Webster, Esq 

•Hon. Peleg Coffin 

•William Dandridgc Peck, A.M Cambridge . 

•John Mellen, A.M ,, 

•fHon. Nathaniel Freeman Sandwich . . 



d. 14 February, 1813 . 58 
d. 14 November, 1835 76 
d. 10 December, 1808 64 



d. 16 December, 1802 50 

d. 8 July, 1819 69 

d. 5 June, 1840 .... 82 

d. 26 September, 1821 72 
R. 25 April, 1815 . . . 

d. 2 January, 1802 . . 43 

d. 22 October, 1825 . . 90 

d. 25 July, 1808 73 

23 December, 1791 d. 14 January, 1847 . 86 
20 May, 1792 ... R. 25 April, 1815 . . . 

d. 28 February-, 1829 . 78 
R. 26 June, 1834 . . . 

d. 3 April, 1842 73 

d. 5 July, 1807 79 

R. 29 August, 1815 . . 

d. 31 August, 1833 . . 72 

d. 6 March, 1805 ... 48 

d. 3 October, 1822 . . 59 

d. 19 September, 18*28 76 
R. 25 October, 1808 . . 



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8 October, „ 
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•tHon. Alden Bradford, LL.D Boston 2 January, 1793 . R 27 January, 1820 . 



tt 



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•Rev. John Prince, LL.D Salem ..... 

•Hon. Dudley Atkins Tyng, LL.D Newburyport 

•Ezekiel Price, Esq Boston ..... 

•tSamuel Turell 

•fRev. John Thornton Kirkland, D.D., LL.D. 

•fRev. Jedediah Morse, D.D Charlestown 

•Rev. John Clarke, D.D Boston .... 

•fRev. William Bentley, D.D Salem 

•James Perkins, Esq Boston .... 

•tHon. William Spooner, M.D 

•Hon. Josiah Quincy, L'..D 

•Eben Parsons, Esq 

•Thomas Brattle, A.M Cambridge . . 

•William Fiske, A.B Waltham . . . 

"Gamaliel Bradford, A.M Boston 

•Rev. Caleb Gannett, A.M Cambridge . . 

•Hon. Christopher Gore, LL.D Waltham . . . 

•Rev. John Bradford, A.M Hoxbury . . . 

•tHon. Daniel Kilham, A.M Wenham .... 

•Rev. Abiel Holmes, D.D., LL.D Cambridge . . 

•Hon. Josiah Bartlett, M.D Charlestown . 

•Hon. Benjamin Lincoln, A.M Hingham . . . 



tt 



29 

30 AprU, 



tt 



tt 



11 



tt 



d. 7 June, 1836 .... 
d. 1 August, 1829 . . . 

d. 15 July, 1802 

80 July, „ . Exp. 27 August, 1811 

20 January, 1796 . R. 24 April, 1828 . . . 

Rem. 1820 ? 

d. 2 April, 1798 

R. 29 December, 1819 
d. 1 August, 1822 . . . 

R. 28 May, 1835 

d. 1 Julyi 1864 



ti 



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25 March, 



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11 
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85 
69 
74 



42 



61 



26 April, 

26 July, „ . d. 1 July, 1864 92 

31 January-, 1797 . d. 27 November, 1819 74 

59 
49 
60 
73 
68 
69 



25 April, 

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31 October, 



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d. 7 February, 1801 
d. 13 August, 1803 
d. 7 March, 1824 . 

„ „ „ . d. 25 April, 1818 . 

30 January, 1798 . d. 1 March, 1827 . 

„ „ „ . d. 27 Jannar}', 1825 

24 April, „ . R. 29 April, 1830 . 

d. 4 June, 1837 . . 
d. 3 March, 1820. . 

19 July, „ . d. 9 May, 1810. . . 



tt 



tt 



11 



tt 



tt 



11 



73 
61 
77 



MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



• • • • « 



*lBa£C Rand, M.D 

*tRev. Ebcnezer Fitch, D.D. 

*John Williams, A.M. 

*Rcv. Jonathan Homer, D.D 

•fRcv. John Allyn, D.D 

*tRev. Eliphalct Pearson, LL.D 

*Mar8ton Watson 

♦Hon. William Sullivan, LL.D 

*Hou. John Adamsf LL.D 

•Hon. Caleb Strong, LL.D 

*IIon. Tlionias Lindall W^inthrop, LL.D. . 

*tJohn Lanp:don Sullivan, M.D 

*tRev. Zephaniah Willis, A.M 

*Rev. William Emerson, A.M 

•fRev. John Snelling Popkin, D.D 

♦tCliarles Bullinch, A.M 

•Hon. John Quincy Adams, LL'.D 

•tStephen Hipr^inson, Esq 

•Rev. Peter Whitney, A.M 

•tObadiah Rich, Esq'. 

•William Smith Shaw, A.M 

•Rev. Joseph McKean, D.D., LL.D 

•Hon. Joseph Allen .- 

•Hon. Joshua Thomas, A.M 

•Rev. John Pierce, D.D 

•Joseph Coolidge, Esq 

•Rev. Joseph Stevens Buckminster, A.M. . 

•Isaiah Thomas, LL.D 

•Samuel Davis, A.M 

•tJoseph Tilden, A.M 

•Elisha Clap. A.M 

•Hon. James Savage, LL.D 

•fEphraim Eliot, A.M 

•fRev. Charles Lowell, D.D 

Do. re-elected 

•fHon. Charles Jackson, LL.D 

•tLcvi Hedge, LL.D 

•William Tudor, A.M 

•Hon. Joseph Story, LL.D 

•Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, LL.D 

•Rev. Stephen Palmer, A.M 

♦tichabod Tucker, A.M 

•Hon. Francis (Galley Gray, LL.D 

•fHon. John Pickering, LL.D 

Do. re-elected 

•fNathaniel Green woo<l Snelling, Esq. . . . 

•Hon. Nahum Mitchell, A.M 

•Benjamin Ropes Nichols, A .M 

•Hon. William Winthrop, A.M 

•Hon. Nathan Hale, Ll*l) 

•Rev. Samuel Riple}', A.M 

•Hon. Eilward Everett, LL.D 

•Hon. James Cushiug Merrill, A.M 

•Hon. Daniel Webster, LL.D 

•Rev. William Jenks, D.D., LL.D 

•James Bowdoin, A.M 

•Rev. Henry Ware, Jr., D.D 

•William Jones Spooner, A.M 

•Rev. Ezra Shaw Good win, A.M 



RESIDKXCE. DATE OF ELECTION. 

Boston 19 July, 1798 . . . 

Williamstown 30 October, 1798 . 

Deerlicld . . . „ „ ,, 

Newton 30 April, 1799 . . 

Duxbur>' ... 29 October, 1799 . 

Andover ... 28 January, 1800 . 

Boston 29 April, 



»» 



>» 



»» >» »» •> • 

Quincy 31 July, 1800 . . . 

Northampton ,, „ ,, . . . 

Boston 25 October, 1800 . 

„ 28 April, 1801 . . . 

Kingston ... ,, ,, 

Boston 13 July, 

Cambridge . . „ „ 

Boston 1 October, 1801 . 

Quincy .... 27 April, 1802 . . . 

Bo.ston 25 January, 1803 . 

Northborough 28 August, 1804 . 

Boston 5 March, 1805 . . 

„ 7 November, 1806 

Cambridge . . 7 September, 1808 

Worcester. . . ,, ,, ,, 

Plymouth ... 25 October, ,, 

Brookline ... 31 January', 1809 . 

Boston 25 April, 1811 .. . 



i> 



Worcester . . 
Plymouth . . 
Boston .... 



If 



»» 



ii 



n 



MEMBERSHIP CEASED. AGE. 

d. 11 December, 1822 79 

R 2 April, 1817 

d. 27 July, 1816 ... 65 

d. 11 August, 1843 . . 84 
R. 5 May, 1831 .... 
R. 28 August, 1810 . . 

d. 7 August, 1800 ... 45 

d. 3 September, 1839 . 64 

d. 4 July, 1826 90 

d. 7 November, 1819. 74 

d. 22 February, 1841 . 81 

Rem. 1818 

R. 25 April, 1815 ... 

d. 12 May, 1811 42 

R, 26 .lanuary, 1826 . 
Rem. December, 1817 

d. 23 February', 1848 . 80 
R. 25 August, 1812 . . 

d. 29 February, 1816 . 71 

Rem. 1818. .'. 

d. 26 April, 1826 ... 47 

d. 17 March, 1818 ... 41 

d. 2 September, 1827 . 78 

d. 10 January, 1821 . 69 

d. 24 August, 1849 . . 76 

d. 19 November, 1840 67 

d. 9 June, 1812 28 



30 January, 1812 . 



if 



Cambridge . 



29 October, ,, . 

28 January, 1813 . 
24 August^ „ . 

29 August^ 1815 . 
14 July, 1859 . . . 

Boston 29 August, 1815 . 

Cambridge . . ,, „ «, • 

Boston 25 April, 1816 . . . 

Cambridge . > „ ,, ,, 
Salem 27 August, 1816 . 



d. 4 April, 1831 

d. 10 July, 1829 

R. 25 April, 1816 . . . 
d. 22 October, 1830 . . 
d. 8 March, 1873 . . . 
R 26 .Tanuari', 1826 . 
R. 10 January, 1856 . 
d. 20 January, 1861 . 
R. 18 November, 1841 
R. 25 Jannarv, 1827 . 
d. 9 March, 18;{0 . . . 
d. 10 September, 1845 



82 
64 

54 

88 



78 



51 
66 



d. 8 May, 1845 61 



Needham . . . 


>i »> »» • 


d. 31 October, 1821 . . 


55 


Salem 


26 August, 1817 . 


R. 25 April, 1844 .. . 




Boston 


29 January, 1818 . 


d. 29 December, 1856 


66 


Salem 


»> i> »» • 


R. 5 May, 1831 




Boston 


25 June, 1835 . . . 


d. 5 May, 1846 


69 


>i 


29 January, 1818 . 


R. 26 December, 1844 




Bridgewater . 


25 August, ,, . 


d. 1 August, 1853. . . 


84 


Salem 


28 Januan-, 1819. 


d. 30 April. 1848 ... 


62 


Cambridge . . 


27 January, 1820 . 


d. 5 February, 1825 . . 


72 


Boston 


»» »> »» • 


d. 8 February, 1863 . . 


78 


Waltham . . . 


'» ?> It • 


d. 24 November, 1847 


60 


Boston 


27 April, „ . 


d. 15 January, 18G5 . 


70 


>i 


«« ., ,, « 


d. 4 October, 1853 . . . 


69 


Marshfield . . 


27 August, 1821 . . 


d. 24 October, 1852 . . 


70 


Boston 


»> »i If • • 


d. 13 November, 1866 


87 


'» 


»» »> i» 


d. 6 March, 1833 . . . 


38 


Cambridge . . 


3 January, 1822 . 


d. 22 September. 1843 


49 


Boston 


25 April, „ . 


d. 17 October, 1824 . . 


30 


Sandwich . . . 


»t 11 i» • 


d. 5 Februarj', 1833 . 


45 



BfSMBBBS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTOBICAL SOCIETY. 



XI 



)( 



11 



If 



11 



11 



11 



II 



NAME. RESIDElfCE. 

*Hon. John Lowell, LL.D Boston .... 

*tHon. Theodore Lyman, A.M 

*Samuel Pickering Gardner, A.M 

•Gamaliel Bradford, M.D 

•Rev. Francis William Pitt Greenwood, D.D. 

•fHon. John Gorham Palfrey, D.D., LL.D. . Cambridge 

Do. re-elected 

•tCaleb Hopkins Snow, M.D ^ . . . Boston . . . 

•Jared Sparks, LL.D Cambridge 

•Benjamin Merrill, LL.D Salem . . . 

•Joseph Emerson Worcester, LL.D Cambridge 

•tJoshua Coffin, A.B Newbury . 

•Hon. Nathan Dane, LL.D Beverly . . 

•Joseph Waiard, A.M Boston . . . 

•tHon. Alexander Hill Everett, LL.D. . . . 

•Lemuel Shattuck, Esq 

•Isaac P Davis, Esq 

•fAlonzo Lewis, Esq Lynn 

•Rev. Joseph Barlow Felt, LL.D Salem 

•Hon. Lemuel Shaw, LL.D Boston 

•fHon. James Trecothick Austin, LL.D. . . „ 

•Rev. Benjamin Blydenburgh Wisner, D.D. „ 

•Rev. Convers Francis, D.D Cambridge . . 

•Hon. John Welles, A.M Boston 

•fHon. Charles Wentworth Upham, A.M. . Salem 

Do. re-elected 

•William Lincoln, A.B Worcester . . . 

•George Ticknor, LL.D Boston 

•Rev. John Codman, D.D Dorchester . . 

•Hon. Nathan Appleton, LL.D Boston 

tHon. George Bancroft, LL.D Northampton . 

•Rev. Alexander Young, D.D Boston 

•Hon. Rufus Choate, LL.D ,, 

•Hon. John Qlen King, A.M Salem 

•tRev. Samuel Sewall, A.M Burlington . . 

•Hon. Daniel Appleton White, LL.D. . . . Salem 

•tWilliam Gibbs, Esq I^xington . . 

^Josiah Bartlett, M. D Concord .... 

•Hon. Simon Greenleaf, LL.D Cambridge . . 

•tHon. Francis Baylies Taunton .... 

•William Hickling Prescott, LL.D Boston 

Hon. Robert Charles Winthrop, LL.D. . . 
•tRev. William Cogswell, D.D 

•Rev. Alvan Lamson, D.D Dedhanl . . 

•Hon. Nathaniel Morton Davis, A.M. . . . Plymouth . 

Hon. Charles Francis Adams, LL.D. . . . Quincy . . . 

•Hon. Samuel Hoar, LL.D Concord . . 

•Rev. William Parsons Lunt, D.D Quincy . . . 

Rev. George Edward Ellis, D.D., LL.D. . Boston . . . 

•Hon. John Chipman Gray, LL.D 

•Rev. Nathaniel Langdon Frothingham, D.D. 
•tOlivcr William Bourn Peabody, A.M. . . 

•Hon. George Stillman Ilillard, LL.D. . . . 

•Hon. William Minot, A.M 

Hon. Peleg Whitman Chandler, LL.D. . . 
•tRev. George Washington Blagden, D.D. . 

Rev. Lucius Robinson Paige, D.D Cambridge 

•Hon. Solomon Lincoln, A.M Hingham . 

•Rev. Chandler Robbins, D.D Boston . . . 



DATE OF ELECTION. 


MEMBERSHIP CEASED. 


AOB< 


30 January, 1823 . 


d. 12 March, 1840 . . . 


70 


24 April, „ . 


R. 30 May, 1836 




24 August, 1824 . 


d. 18 December, 1843 


75 


28 April, 1825 . . . 


d. 22 October, 1839 . . 


44 


11 11 »i • • • 


d. 2 August, 1843 . . . 


46 


11 11 II • • • 


R. 28 June. 1838 




30 June, 1842 . . . 


R. 17 April, 1854 . . . 




29 August, 1826 . 


R. 26 February, 1835 




II II II • 


d. 14 March, 1866. . . 


76 


II II '» • 


d. 30 Jidy, 1847 


63 


26 April, 1827 . . . 


d. 27 October, 1865 . . 


81 


28 August, 1827 . 


Rem. December, 1835 




29 January, 1829 . 


d. 15 Februar\% 1835 . 


82 


II II II • 


d. 12 May, 1805 


67 


24 August, 1830 . 


Rem. 1841 




II II II • 


d. 17 January, 1859 . 


66 


II II II 


d. 13 January, 1855 . 


83 


II II II • 


R. 1 Januarv, 1844 . . 




II II II • 


d. 8 September, 1869 . 


79 


5 May, 1831 . . . 


d. 30 March, 1861 . . . 


80 


II II II • • • 


R. 10 Januar}', 1856 . 




II II II • • • 


d. 9 February, 1835 . 


40 


II II II • • • 


d. 7 April, 1863 


67 


26 January, 1832. 


d. 25 September, 1855 


90 


II II II 


R. 19 May, 1852 




14 November, 1867 


d. 15 June, 1875 .... 


73 


26 Januar>% 1832 . 


d. 5 October, 1843 . . 


42 


25 July, 1833 . . . 


d. 26 January, 1871 . 


79 


II II ♦* • • • 


d. 23 December, 1847 


65 


26 June, 1834 . . . 


d. 14 July, 1861 


81 


II II II • • • 


Rem. December, 1849 




25 June, 1835 . . . 


d. 16 March, 1854.. . 


53 


II II II • • • 


d. 13 July, 1859 


59 


II !• II • • • 


d. 20 July, 1857 


70 


28 January, 1836 . 


R. 29 August, 1837 . . 




26 May, „ . 


d. 30 March, 1801 . . . 


84 


30 August, „ . 


R. 27 March, 1851 .. 




»i II II 


R. 12 March, 1857 . . 




23 November, 1837 


d. 6 October, 1853 . . 


69 


'» i> II 


R. 30 March, 1848 . . 




26 July, 1838 . . . 


d. 28 January, 1859 . 


62 



II 



II 



31 October, 1839 . 



>' i> 



II 



II 



It 



II 



II 



II 



II 



II 



30 April, 1840 . . . 
30 July, ,, ... 

25 March, 1841 . . 
30 September, 1841 

II II II 

28 October, „ 

30 December, ,, 

26 October, 1843 . 



11 



II 



11 



I' II II • 

23 November, 1843 

25 January, 1844 . 

29 February, 1844 

30 May, „ 
30 January, 1845 . 

4 December, 1845 



Rem. April, 1841 . . . 

d. 18 July, 1864 .... 71 

d. 29 July, 1848 63 

d. 2 November, 1850 . 78 

d. 21 March, 1857 .. . 51 

d. 3 March, 1881 .. . 87 

d. 4 April, 1870 76 

Rem. Au^ist, 1845 . . 

d. 21 January, 1879 . 70 

d. 2 June, 1873 .... 89 

R. 14 Februao', 1884 . 

d. 1 December, 1881 . 77 

d. 11 September, 1882 72 



Xll 



MEMBERS OP THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



NAME. 

tFrancis Bowen, LL.D 

*.John Langdon Sibley, A.M 

*Hon. Richard Frothingham, LL.D 

*IIoo. Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff, M.D. 
Henry Wheat land, M.D 

•Tbad'deus WillUm Harris, M.D 

*tRev. William Ives Budington, D.D. . . . 

*Uon. David Sears, A.M 

•Sylvester Judd, Esq 

•Thomas Hopkins Webb, M.D 

Charles Deane, LL.D 

•George Livennore, A.M 

•fRev. William Barry, D.D 

Francis Parkman, LL.D 

•fElIis Ames, A.M 

tSamuel Eliot, LL.D 

Do. re-elected 

•Hon. John Henry Clifford, LL.D 

•Hon. William Brigham, A.M 

•Hon. Abbott Lawrence, LL.D 

•Hon. Emory Washburn, LL.D 

Rev. Samuel Kirkland Lothrop, D.D., LL.D. 

•Rev. William Newell, D.D 

•Hon. Lorenzo Sabine, A.M 

•Colonel Thomas Aspinwall, A.M 

•Rev. John Stetson Barry, A.M 

•John Amory Lowell, LL.D 

•Lucius ManliuB Sargent, A.M 

•Cornelius Conway Felton, LL.D 

•Hon. John Lothrop Motley, LL.D 

•Nathaniel IngersoU Bowditch, A.M 

•George Robert Russell, LL.D 

•Hon. Charles Henry Warren, A.M 

•Rev. James Walker, D.D., LL.D 

•Rev. Edmund Hamilton Sears, D.D. ... 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, M.D., LL.D. . . 

•Hon. William Hyslop Sumner, A.M. . . . 

•Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, LL.D. . . 

fRev. Frederic Henry Hedge, D.D 

•Frederic Tudor, Est] 

•Jacob Bigclow, M.D., LL.D 

•tHon. George Thomas Davis, LL.B 

•Hon. Stephen Salisbury, LL.D 

Henry Austin Whitney, A.M 

•Hon.' Luther V Bell, M.D , LL.D 

•Rev. William Stoodley Bartlet, A.M. . . . 
•tJosiah Gilbert Holland, M.I) 

•Rev. Charles Brooks, A.M 

•Hon. William Sturgis 

Hon. Levcrett Saltonstall, A.M 

•Hon. William Appleton 

tRev. Alonzo Hall Quint, D.D 

•Hon. Thomas Greaves Carv, A.M 

•Samuel Foster Haven, LL.D 

tGeorge Ticknor Curtis, A.M 

•Hon. Richard Henry Dana, LL.D 

•Edward Augustus Crowninshield, A.M. . 

•Hon. Levi Lincoln, LL.D 

•Joseph Palmer, M.D 



RESIDENCE. DATE OF ELECTION. 

Cambridge . . 4 December, 1845 

„ . . 1 January, 1846 . 

Charlestown . 30 July, „ . 

Boston 25 March, 1847 . . 

Salem 27 January. 1848 . 

Cambridge . . ,, ,, „ . 

Charlestown . 30 March, „ . 

Bo6ton 27 April, „ . 

Northampton ,, ,, „ . 

Quincy ..... 28 September, 1848 

Cambridge . . 25 October, 1849 . 

„ . . 22 November, 1849 

Lowell 31 January, 1850 . 

Boston 26 February, 1852 

Canton 12 August, ,, 

Brooklinc ... 10 March, 1853 . . 

Boston 20 April, 1865 . . . 

New Bedford 13 October, 1853 . 

BoAton 8 December, 1853 

»» »i »» »» 

Cambridge . . 8 June, 1854 . . . 

Boston „ ,, ,, . . . 

Cambridge . . 14 December, 1854 

Roxbury . . . „ ,, ,, 

Boston 12 April, 1855 . . . 

Needham ... 8 November, 1855 

Boston , „ „ 

West Roxbury 13 March, 1856 . . 

Cambridge . . ,, ^ «» • • 

Boston 9 October, 1856 . 

„ 11 December, 1856 

Jamaica Plain 8 January, 1857 . 

Boston 12 March, ,, . 

Cambridge . . 14 May, „ . 

Wayland ... 13 August, ,, . 

Boston 10 September, 1857 

Jamaica Plain 10 December, „ 

Cambridge . . ,. „ ,, 

Brookline ... 14 January, 1858 . 

Boston „ ,, ,, . 

„ 18 February, „ . 

Greenfield . . . „ „ „ . 

Worcester. . . 11 March, „ . 

Boston ,, „ ,1 • 

Charlestown . 8 April, „ . 

\/neisea .... ,, ,, ff * 

Springfield . . 13 May, „ . 

Medford . . . . „ „ ,, . 

Boston 17 June, ,, . 

Newton ....,,,, ,, . 

Boston 8 July, „ . 

New Bedford . ,, „ „ . 

Boston 11 August, „ . 

Worcester. . . „ n ,« . 

West Roxbury 9 September, 1858 

Cambridge . „ ,, „ 

Boston 9 December, „ 

Worcester ... 13 January, 1859 . 

B wton „ „ „ . 



IIEMBERSHII* CEASED. AGE. 

R 14 February, 1878 . 

d. 9 December, 1885 . 80 

d. 29 January, 1880 . 68 

d. 17 October, 1874 . . 64 

d. 16 January, 1856 . 60 
Rem. July, 1854. . . . 

d. 14 January, 1871 . 83 

d. 18 April, 1860 ... 71 

d. 2 August. 1866 ... 84 

d. 30 August, 1865 . . 56 

Rem. 1853 

R. 9 October, 1884 . . 
Rem. 24 June, 1856 . . 

d. 2 January, 1876 . . 66 

d. 9 July, 1869 62 

d. 18 August, 1855 . . 62 

d. 18 March, 1877. . . 77 

d. 28 October, 1881 . . 77 

d. 14 April, 1877 ... 74 

d. 11 August, 1876 . . 9<) 

d. 11 December, 1872 53 

d. 31 October, 1881 . . 83 

d. 2 June, 1867 80 

d. 26 February, 1862. 54 

d. 29 Mttv, 1877 63 

d. 16 April, 1861 ... 55 

d. 5 August, 1866 ... 67 

d. 29 June, 1874 75 

d. 23 December, 1874 80 

d. 19 January, 1876 . 65 

d. 24 October, 1861 . . 81 

d. 24 March, 1882. . . 75 
R. 9 November, 1876 . 

d. 6 February, 1864 . . 81 

d. 10 January-, 1879 . 91 
K. 9 November, 1871 . 

d. 24 August, 1884 . . 86 

d. 11 Februarj', 1862 . 65 

d. 12 December, 1883. 74 
Rem. 14 October, 1871 

d. 7 July, 1872 76 

d. 21 October, 1863 . . 82 

d. 15 February, 1802. 75 
R. 9 December, 1880 . 

d. 3 July, 1869 07 

d. 5 September, 1881 . 75 

Rem. 1862 

d. 8 January, 1882 . . 66 

d. 20 February, 1859 . 41 

d. 29 May, 1868 85 

d. 3 March, 1871 ... 74 



MEMBEES OP THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Xlll 



NAME. 

•Hon. George Tyler Bigelow, LL.D 

*Hon. Caleb Cushing, LL.D 

Henry Warren Torrey, LL.D 

*Hon. Joel Parker, LL.D 

•Williams Utham, A.B 

•Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M 

Rev. Robert Cassie Waterston, A.M. ... 
*tHoo. Theophilus Parsons, LL.D 

Thomas Coffin Amory, A.M 

•George Sumner, Esq 

•Rev. Charles Mason, D.D 

•Hon. Benjamin Franklin Thomas, LL.D. 

Hon. Samuel Abbott Green, M.D 

•Hon. James Murray Robbins 

Charles Eliot Norton, Litt D 

•Hon. John James Babson 

Robert Bennett Forbes, Esq 

Rev. Edward Everett Hale, D.D 

Rev. Andrew Preston Peabody, D.D.,LL.D. 

•Hon. Theron Metcalf, LL.D 

•William Gray Brooks, Esq 

Hon. Horace Gray, LL.D 

•Hon. Charles Greely Loring, LL.D 

•Charles Folsom, A.M 

Rev. Edwards Amasa Park, D.D 

Amos Adams Lawrence, A.M 

•Charles Sprague, A.M 

•tRev. William Augustus Steams, D.D.,LL.D 
•Hon. Francis Edward Parker, LL.D. . . . 

William Henry Whitmore, A.M 

•George Barrell Emerson, LL.D 

Hon. James Russell Lowell, LL.D 

•Rev. Nicholas Hoppin, D.D 

•Nathaniel Thayer, A.M 

•Erastus Brig^am Bigelow, LL.D 

Hon. William Crowninshield Endicott, LL.D 

Hon. Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, LL.D. . 
•Hon. Seth Ames, A.M 

Joeiah Phillips Quincy, A.M 

•George Bemis, A.M 

fJohn Foster ELirk, Esq 

•Hon. John Albion Andrew, LL.D 

Henry Gardner Denny, A.M 

tRev. Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D 

Charles Card Smith, Esq 

George Silsbee Hale, A.M 

•Jelbies Wyman, M.D 

•John Appleton, M.D 

•Robert Means Mason, Esq 

William Sumner Appleton, A.M 

Rev. Henry Martyn Doxter, D.D 

Hon. Theodore L>'man, S.B 

•Edmand Quinc\% A.M 

tHbn. William Thomas Davi^, A.B 

•R«v, George Punchard, A.M 

Abner Cheney Goodell, A.M 

William Amory, A.M 

Edward Doubleday Harris, Esq 

•Ralph Waldo Emerson, LL.D 



RESIDENCE. DATE OF ELECTION. MEMBERSHIP CEASED. AGE. 

Boston 10 February, 1859 d. 12 April, 1878 ... 67 

Newburyport „ „ „ . d. 2 January, 1879 . . 78 

Cambridge . . 10 March, „ . 

„ . . 12 May, „ . d. 17 August, 1875 . . 80 

Bridgewater . „ „ „ . d. 6 November, 1883 . 80 

Lexington . . 9 June, „ . d. 4 May, 1881 85 

Boston n }> *> • 

Cambridge . . 8 September, 1859 R. 9 May, 1878 .... 

Boston „ „ „ 

,, 10 November, „ d. 6 October, 1863 ... 46 

„ „ „ „ d. 23 March, 1862. . . 49 

„ 12 J&nuary, 1860 . d. 27 September, 1878 65 

Milton 13 June, „ . d. 2 November, 1885 . 89 

Cambridge ..,,., „ . 

Gloucester . . 8 November, 1860 d. 18 April, 1886 ... 75 

Milton 10 Januar}', 1861 . 

Boston „ ,, fi • 

Cambridge . . 14 February, „ . 

Boston „ „ „ . d. 14 November, 1875 91 

„ 11 April, „ . d. 6 January, 1879 . . 72 

»» »i w »» • 

, 9 May, „ . d. 8 October, 1867 ... 73 

Cambridge.. „ „ „ . d. 8 November, 1872 . 76 

Andover.... 12 September, 1861 

Brookline ... 10 October, „ 

Boston 13 February, 1862 d. 22 January, 1875 . 83 

.Amherst ....,, „ ,, R. 9 February', 1871 . 

BoHton 12 February, 1863 d. 18 January, 1886 . 64 

„ 9 April, „ d. 4 March, 1881 ... 83 

Cambridge . . 14 May, „ 

„ . . 14 January, 1864 d. 8 March, 1886 ... 73 

Boston 11 February, „ d. 7 March, 1883 ... 74 

„ 14 April, „ d. 7 December, 1879 . 65 

•Salem „ „ „ 

Concord .... 12 May, ,, 

Brookline ... 8 December, „ d. 15 August, 1881 . . 76 

Quincy 11 May, 1865 . . . 

Boston 13 July, „ . . . d. 5 January, 1878 . . 61 

Dorchester . . 9 November, 1865 R. 10 November, 1870 
Boston 8 February, 1866 d. 30 October, 1867 . . 49 

,, 13 December, „ 

Cambridge . . 14 February, 1867 Rem. July, 1872. . . . 

Boston 11 April, „ 

»» »> »> i» 

Cambridge . . 9 July, 1868 ... d. 4 September, 1874 . 60 

„ . . 14 January, 1869 . d. 4 February, 1869 . 00 

Boston „ „ „ . d. 13 March, 1879. . . 68 

«» 13 May, „ . 

New Bedford . 12 August, „ . 

Brookline ... 11 November, 1869 

Dedham .... 9 December, „ d. 17 May, 1877 .... 69 

Plymouth ... 12 May, 1870 ... R. 14 May, 1880 

Boston 8 December, 1870 d. 2 April, 1880 .... 73 

Salem 9 March, 1871 . . 

Boston 13 April, „ . . 

Cambridge . . 11 May, „ . . 

Concord .... 15 June, „ . . d. 27 April, 1882 ... 78 



XIV 



MBMBBBS OP THB MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



NAME. 

Augustus Thorndike Perkins, A.M 

Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, LL.D 

Winslow Warren, LL.B 

Francis Winthrop Palfrey, A.M 

•Charles Wesley Tuttle, Ph. D 

*Hon. benjamin Robbins Curtis, LL.D. . . 
*Hon. Charles Sumner, LL.D 

Charles William Eliot, LL.D 

tWilliam Gray, A.M 

•Delano Alexander Goddard, A.M 

Rev. Henry Wilder Foote, A.M 

Charles Callahan Perkins, A.M 

Charles Franklin Dunbar, A.B 

Hon. Charles Devens, LL.D 

Charles Francis Adams, Jr., A.B 

William Phineas Upham, A.B 

•Hon. Alexander Hamilton Bullock, LL.D. 

Fitch Edward Oliver, M.D 

Waiiam Everett, Ph. D 

George Bigelow Chase, A.M 

Henry Cabot Lodge, Ph. D 

John Torrey Morse, Jr., A.B 

Justin Winsor, AB 

James Elliot Cabot, LL.D 

•George Dexter, A.M 

•fHon. Gustavus Yasa Fox 

Henry Lee, A.M 

Gamaliel Bradford, A.B 

Rev. Edward James Young, A.M 

Hon. John Lowell, LL.D 

Abbott Lawrence, A.M 

Rev. James Freeman Clarke, D.D 

Rev. Phillips Brooks, D.D 

William Whitwell Greenough, A.B 

Robert Charles Winthrop, Jr., A.M. . . . 

Henry Williamson Haynes, A.M 

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, AM. . . . 

Rev. Edward Griffin Porter, A.M 

John Codman Ropes, LL.B 

•Hon. Paul Ansel Chadboume, LL.D. . . . 

Rev. Henry Fitch Jenks, AM 

Hon. Samuel Crocker Cobb 

Horace Elisha Scudder, A.M 

Rev. Edmund Farwell Slafter, A.M 

Stephen Salisbury, A.M 

John Tyler Hassam, A.M 

Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D.D 

•John Charles Phillips, A.B 

Arthur Lord, A.B 

Arthur Blake Ellis, LL.B 

Hon. Henry Morris, LL.D 

Clement Hugh Hill, A.M 

♦Rear Admiral George Henry Preble .... 

Frederick Ward Putnam, A.M 

James McKeller Bu^bee, Esq 

Hon. John Davis Washburn, LL.B 

Rev. Egbert Coffin Smyth, D.D 

Francis Amasa Walker, LL.D 

Rev. Arthur Latham Perry, D.D., LL.D. 



RE8IDEKCE. DATE OF ELECTION. 

Boston 8 February, 1872 

Chelsea .... 9 January, 1873 . 
Dedham .... „ ,, „ • 

Boston 13 February, ,, . 

»» n »» i> • 

II 8 May, „ . 

„ 11 October, „ . 

Cambridge > . „ „ ,, • 

Boston 14 May, 1874 . . 

,, 8 October, „ . . 

„ 12 November, 1874 

„ 10 December, „ 

Cambridge . . 11 February, 1875 

Worcester . . 11 March, „ 

Quincy 16 April, „ 

Salem 11 November, 1875 

Worcester. . . 9 December, „ 

Boston 13 January, 1876 

Quincy .... 8 March, „ 

Boston 9 November, „ 

Nahant .... 14 December, „ 

Beverly .... 11 January, 1877 . 

Cambridge . . 14 June, „ . 

Brook line ... 8 November, 1877 
Cambridge . . „ „ „ 

Boston 13 December, „ 

„ 14 March, 1878 . 

Cambridge . . 10 April, ,, 

,, . . 13 June, ,, 

Newton . . 12 September, 1878 

Boston 12 December, „ 

„ 13 March, 1879 . . 

»» »i »» »» • • 

M 10 April, „ . . 

M 8 May, „ . . 

,, 12 June, „ . . 

Cambridge . . 12 February, 1880 

Lexington . . 6 April, ,, . 

Boston 10 June, „ . 

Williamstown „ ,, ,, . 

Canton 10 February, 1881 

Boston 12 May, „ 

Cambridge . . ,, ,, ,, 

Boston 13 October, „ 

Worcester . . 10 November, ,, 

Boston „ „ „ 

Cambridge . . 8 December, „ 

Boston 12 January-, 1882 

Plymouth ... 9 February, „ 

Boston 9 March, „ 

Springfield . . ,, ,, », 

Boston 11 May, „ 

Brookline ...,,,, ,, 

Cambridge . . 9 November „ 

Boston ,, ,, „ 

Worcester. . . 14 December, ,, 

Andover. . . ,, ,, „ 

Bo<>ton 10 May, 1883 . . . 

Williamstown „ „ „ . . . 



MEMBERSHIP CEASED. AGE. 



d. 18 July, 1881 51 

d. 15 September, 1874 64 

d. 11 March, 1874 ... 03 

R.. 9 October, 1884 .. 

d. 11 January, 1882 . 50 



d. 17 January, 1882 . 65 



d. 15 December, 1888 45 
Rem. October, 1882 . 



d. 23 Februaiy, 1883. 69 



d. 1 March, 1885 ... 46 



d. 1 March, 1S85 ... 69 



MEMBEBS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HISTOKICAL SOCIETY. XV 

NAME. RESIDENCE. DATE OF ELECTION. MEXBBB8HIP CEASED. AGE. 

Hon. John Elliot Sanford, A.M Taunton .... 10 January, 1884 . 

Uriel Haskell Crocker, A.M Boston 14 February, „ . 

Hon. Martin Brimmer, A.B ,, 13 March, „ . 

Roger Wolcott, LL.B „ 10 April, „ . 

William Goodwin Russell, LL.D „ 13 November, 1884 

Edward Jackson Lowell, A.M „ „ „ „ 

Edward Channing, Ph. D .' Cambridge . . 11 December, ,j 

Hon. Lincoln Flagg Brigham, LL.D. . . . Salem 14 May, 1885 . . . 

Edward Bang^, LL.B Boston 11 June, „ ... 

Samuel Foster McCIeary, A.M „ 11 February, 1S86 



HONORAEY AND CORRESPONDING MEMBERS. 



It It 

»» t» M 



»» 


11 




17 


August, 



































WAME. RESIDENCE. DATE OF ELECTIOX. 

•Ebenezer Hazard, Esq Philadelphia, Penn 29 May, 1792. 

•Hon. John Jay, LL.D Bedford, N. Y „ ,/ ,, 

•tJames Perkins, Esq Then of Cape Fran9oi8, Hayti „ „ „ 

♦Hon. David Ramsay, M.D Charleston, S. C 

•Rev. Alexander Spark Quebec, Canada „ „ „ 

•Charles Thompson, Esq Philadelphia, Penn „ „ „ 

•Noah Webster, LL.D New Haven, Conn 13 August, 1792. 

•Hon. Samuel Tenny, M.D Exeter, N. H 8 October, „ 

•Rev. John Erskine, D.D., LL.D Edinburgh, Scotland „ 

•Rev. Eara Stiles, D.D., LL.D New Haven, Conn 23 

•tHon. Edmund Randolph i Frederick County, Virginia 

•Hon. Nathaniel Niles, A.M Fairlee, Vermont 2 January, 1793. 

•Rev. Andrew Brown, D.D Edinburgh, Scotland 30 April. „ 

•Rev. John Jones Spooner, A.M Martinis Brandon, Virginia 26 November, 1793. 

•Hon. Winthrop Sargent, A.M Natches, Miss. . » 28 January, 1794. 

•Rev. Christopher Daniel Ebeling Hamburg, Germany 28 October, „ 

•John Coakley Lettson, M.D., LL.D London, England 27 January, 1795. 

•Sir William Jones, LL.D. « Calcutta, Bengal 

•Phineas Miller, Esq Savannah, Georgia , 

•Hugh Williamson, M.D.,LL.D Edenton, N. C 

*Rev. David Macclure, D.D East Windsor, Conn 

•James Clarke, Esq Halifax, Nova Scotia , 

•Hon. Henry St. George Tucker, LL.D Williamsburg, Virginia , 

•Gardiner Baker, Esq New York, N. Y 

•Benjamin Smith Barton, M.D Philadelphia, Penn 26 January, 1796. 

•tHon. William Blount i Tennessee 25 October, „ 

•Gilbert Harrison Hubbard, A.M Demerara, Guiana 18 November, 1796. 

•Isaac Senter, M.D Newport, R. I „ „ ^^ 

•Hon. Oliver Wolcott, LL.D New York, N. Y „ „ „ 

•Rev. Asa Norton Paris, N. Y 31 January, 1797. 

•Hon. Stephen Van Rensselaer, LL.D Albany, N. Y „ ,, ,, 

•Hon. Henry William Desaussure Charleston, S. C 25 April, „ 

•Lemuel Kollock, M.D Savannah, Georgia „ „ „ 

•Ephraim Ramsay, Esq Charleston, S. C „ „ ,, 

•Rev. Timothy Dwight, D.D., LL.D New Haven, Conn 31 October, „ 

•John Dunn, LL.D Killaly, Ireland 1 December, „ 

•Elihu Hubbard Smith, M.D New York, N. Y „ „ „ 

•Samuel Latham Mitchell, M.D., LL.D „ „ 30 January, 1798. 

•Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford .... Auteuil, France „ „ ,, 

•tHon. Timothy Pickering. LL.D Then of Philadelphia, Penn 24 April, „ 

•Rev. Andrew Eliot, A.M Fairfield, Conn 30 October, „ 

•Rev. Benjamin Trumbull, D.D North Haven, Conn „ „ ,, 

•Hon. Jonathan Trumbull, LL.D Lebanon, Conn 30 April, 1799. 

•Benjamin De Witt, M.D Albany, N. Y 18 July, „ 

•Caspar Wistar, M.D Philadelphia, Penn „ „ „ 

•Rev. Samuel Miller, D.D Now York, N. Y „ „ „ 

•Thomas Pieronnet Demerara, Guiana 28 January, 1800. 

•Rev. Arthur Homer, D.D Cambridge, England , „ „ 

•Hon. Theodore Foster, A.M. . Providence, R. 1 25 October, „ 

« See Pxtxwediagi, vol L p. 106. * See Ibid. (2d Series) vol. U. p. 149. 



HONOBABY AND COBBESPONDINO MEMBEBS. 



XVU 



HAMB. 

*Rev. Thomas Hall < 

•Rev. Timothy Alden, D.D '. . . . 

•John Newman, M.D 

•Rev. Ezra Sampson, A.B 

•John Yaughan, Esq 

•William Barton, A.M 

•Ebenezer Grant Marsh, A.M 

•RL Rev. Richard Watson, D.D 

•Anthony Fothergill, M.D 

•William Johnson, LL.D 

•Sir Charles Maiy Wentworth. Bart., D.C.L. 

•Robert Anderson, M.D 

•Hon. Samuel Eddy, LL.D 

•Charles Yallancy, Esq 

•Hon. William Plumer 

•Hon. John Wheelock, LL.D 

•Jonathan Williams, Esq 

•Rt. Hon. Earl of Buchan 

•Benjamin Silliman, M.D., LL.D 

•Rev. John Bassett, A.M 

•Rev. John Disney, D.D 

•Hon. John Marshall, LL.D 

•Constant Freeman, Esq 

•Moses Fiske 

•Hon. Timothy Pitkin, LL.D 

•Edward Jenner, M.D., LL.D 

•Elkanah Watson ^ 

•Rev. Eliphalet Nott, D.D., LL.D 

•Hon. Ellas Boudinot, LL.D 

•Hon. John Cotton Smith, LL.D 

•John Plntard, LL.D 

•David Hosack, M.D., LL.D 

•John Wakefield Francis, M.D., LL.D. 

•Rev. William Harris, D.D 

•Hon. De Witt Clinton, LL.D 

•Rev. James Richards, D.D 

•Geoige Chalmers, Esq 

•Hon. Charles Humphrey Atherton, A.M. . . 

•Michael Joy, Esq 

•Rev. Robert Morrison, D.D 

•Hon. Samuel Bayard, A.M 

•Hugh McCall, Esq 

•Baron Alexander Yon Humboldt 

•Hon. Peter Stephen Dn Ponceau, LL.D. . . 

•William Trumbull Williams, Esq 

•Jonathan Goodhue, Esq 

•Robert Southey, LL.D 

•Hon. Gulian Crommelin Yerplanck, LL.D. 

•Elisha Hutchinson, Esq 

•Robert Walsh, LL.D 

•John Yan Ness Yates, Esq 

•M. Carlo Botta 

•f Hon. Jeremiah Mason, LL.D 

•Nathaniel Appleton Haven, A.M 

•John Farmer, A.M 

•Sir Walter Scott, Bart 

•FHederich von Adelung 



RESIDBNCB. DATE OF ELBCTION. 

Leghorn, Italy 28 April, 1801. 

Meadville, Ponn 1 October, 1801. 

Salisbury, N. C 27 April, 1802. 

Hudson, N. Y 2 August, 1802. 

Philadelphia, Penn „ „ „ 

Lancaster, Penn 26 October, „ 

New Haven, Conn 1 September, 1803. 

Calgarth Park, Westmoreland, England 31 January, 1804. 

Bath, England 28 August, „ 

New York, N. Y 28 May, 1805. 

Halifax, Nova Scotia „ „ „ 

Edinburgh, Scotland 27 August, 1805. 

Providence, R. I ,, ,^ „ 

Dublin, Ireland 7 November, 1805. 

Epping, N. H 25 August, 1807. 

Hanover, N. H „ „ 

Philadelphia, Penn 27 October, 

Edinburgh, Scotland 30 Augusl, 1808. 

New Haven, Conn 7 September, 1808. 

Albany, N. Y 29 August, 1809. 

The Hyde, Ingatestone, England .... 

Richmond, Yirginia 

Washington, D. C 25 April, 1811. 

White Plains, Tenn 31 October, 1811. 

Farmington, Conn 25 August, 1812. 

Berkeley, England 29 October, „ 

Port Kent, N. Y 

Schenectady, N. Y 29 April, 1813. 

Burlington, N. J 

Sharon, Conn 

New York, N. Y 28 October, 1813. 

27 January, 1814. 



f> 



t» 



i> 



'» 



»» 



♦1 



t> 



»» 



»» 



t> 



n 



»» 



If 



»» 



n 



»f 



»» 






1» 



)> 



fl 



>» 



• >» t» 

t» .» 28 April, „ 

Auburn, N. Y 26 January, 1815. 

London, England 25 April, 1816. 

Amherst, N. H „ „ „ 

Hartham Park, Chippenham, England . 27 August, 1816. 

Canton, China 31 October, „ 

Princeton, N. J 24 April, 1817. 

Savannah, Georgia 30 October, 1817. 

Berlin, Prussia „ „ ,, 

Philadelphia, Penn 29 January, 1818. 

I^banon, Conn 30 April, „ 

New York, N. Y 29 April, 1819. 

Keswick, England „ „ „ 

New York, N. Y 27 January, 1820. 

Birmingham, England 27 April, „ 

Paris, France 29 August, „ 

Albany, N. Y „ „ „ 

Paris, France 26 October, „ 

Then of Portsmouth, N. H 26 April, 1821. 

Portsmouth, N. H 3 January, 1822. 

Amherst, N. H „ „ „ 

Ahbotsford, Scotland ,, „ i, 

Berlin, Prussia 25 April, „ 



* Thtm li no erMUnoe in the records that Elkanah Watson wms ersr chosen a Cortwponding Member. His dmuo 
for the first time in a list in the Collections (2d series), toI. z. p. 192, issued in 1823. See Proc. toI. i. pp. 194, 196. 



HONO&ABT AMD COBBESFOMDma MEMBEBB. 



•WillUm L«, Esq 

•Adminl Sir lauc Coffin, But., A.H 

■Geoige Williain Erviiig, Esq 

•Samuel WiUianu, A.H 

•Hon, Sufus KiuB, U--D 

•H. Jalina do WalleQitein 

■M. Frauci* Baib« do Mubob, LL.D 

•Gilbert Motier. Marquis do UfsyeMo, LL.D. 

•Rev. Orogorio Fnnea, D.D 

•Don Manuel Morvno, M.D 

•Don Jo9i^ Maria Salaiar 

•Adam Winllirop, A-M 

■Bcv. Jobn IIutrh[nson 

•Hon. Thi-odocic Bland 

•Son. Manuel Lorenio Vidaurrd 

•Hon. Albert Gallatin, LL.D , 

•Bev. ■nnicjihyTlini. A.B 

•FK>f. ChsdesCbristuinBafa, P.D 

•Chevalier Poder Pedersen ■ 

■TbDnus CbaadUrHaliburton, D.C.L. 

■Hon. Washin^n Irving, LL.D 

*Jamea Graliame, LL.D 

•David Bailie AVanien, Esq 

•Bev. Henrj Channing, A.M 

•John Hay Faniliam, A.M ■ 

•John Fanning Wateon, E^ 

■ilamea Dean. LL.D < 

•Charles FraMr, Esq 

•tCaloael Tbumw A«pinvaU, A.U ' 

•Sir Yramit PaltTavi- 

•Hod. Uwia Caaa, LL.D 

•B«v. Jaap«r Adama, D.D 

•Hon. Roberta Vaux 

•Hon, Tlie(Klore Dwighl. A.M 

•Theodore Dw^Khl, Jr , A.M 

•Jsmos Meaae, M.D 

■Hon. William Jaf, LL.D 

•Hon. JonalJian Sewall, LL.D. 

•Sir Jolln Caldwell 

"Sharon Turner, Esq 

*Francia Bayard Winthrop. E*q 

*M. Adrian de Laval Montmorency 

•M. CCsar Moreau 

•John Smilh Rogers, M.D 

•Sratituii Smilh, Rw] 

•M. William Scblegel 

*H. Finn Magnuaen 

*Colonel .Tuan Triilindo 

•Hon, Henry Adamn Bullird, A.M 

•Hon. Rithard Biddle 

•Hon. Junes Elrke Paulding, A.M 

"Hon. Heniy Clay, LL.D 

•fRev. William Allen, D.D 

•Hon. Levi Woodbury LL.D 

■Eov Benjamin Tappan, D.D 

•Jofihaa Francis Fisher, A.M 

*W, Jacob Anluini! Moerenhout 

•Usher Parsons, M.D 

•Hon. William Duikee Wlllamion, A.M. . . 



DATK OF ELKCnOV. 

Waabinglon, D. C ST Angnat, 1821. 

London, England 31 October, „ 

New York, N V „ ,. 

London, England 30 October, 1SS3. 

New York, N. T Si Auguat, IBM. 

Paris, France „ „ 

Cordova, Tucnmaa, South America . , ZT October, I8SG. 

Buenos Ayres, South America , „ , „ 

Colombia „ „ „ „ 

New Orleans, Louisiana ST April, isas. 

BiurtOD, England 38 August, 1S2T. 

Annapolis, Maryland „ „ „ 

Lima, Pera as Jannaiy, 1889.- 

New Yorli, N. T „ 

U.:d River, Louisiana „ „ „ 

Copenhagon, Denmark 80 April, „ 

Windsor, Hova Scotia S9 October, „ 

.^unnj-side, NY , „ 

Ixindon. England „ „ „ 

Palis, France !8 Juioary, 1880. 

New London, Conn S May, IBSl. 

Salem, Indiana 80 Aogust, 1831. 

Philadelphia, Penu 36 October, „ 

Burlington, Vermont „ „ „ 

Charleaton, S. C 96 January, IS3S. 

Then of London, England SB July, 1838. 

London, England „ „ „ 

Detroit, Michigan „ „ „ 

Pendleton, S. C SI August, 1838, 

Philadeli^a, Penn 81 October, „ 

New York, N. Y ST Mareh, 1884. 

Philadelphia, Penn SS June, „ 

Bedford, NY „ 

Qnebec, Canada 36 Februarjr, 1836. 

Winchmore Hill, England 2S June, „ 

New Haven, Conn S9 October, „ 

Paris, France 31 December, „ 

N™York', N.T " ", '', 

New Haven, Conn „ „ „ 

Copenhagen, Denmark „ „ „ 

Gnatemala, Central America 28 January, 1S36. 

New Orleans, Louiaiua SS Hay, „ 

Pittsburg, Penn „ „ „ 

New York, N. Y 30 Jnne, „ 

Lexington, Kentucky 98 July, „ 

Then of Brun^wirk, Maine „ „ „ 

Portsmouth, N H , 

AuKHBls. rfaine ST October, „ 

Pbtladelphia, Penn. , „ „ 

Los Angeles, California „ „ „ 

Providence, R. I SI November, 1836. 

Bangor, Maine „ „ „ 



HONOBABY AND GOBBESPONDING MEMBEB8. 



XLX 



NAME. 

'Hon. George Folsom, LL.D 

*Peter Gerard Stayvesant, Esq 

•Rev. Luther Halsey, D.D 

*Rev. John Jac^b Robertson, D.D 

*M. Jacobaki Rixos 

*IIon. Job Diirfee, LL.D 

•Hon. Andrew William Cochran, Q.C 

•John Disney, Esq 

•Rev. Francis Lister Hawks, D.D., LL.D. . 

•Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D., LL.D 

•James Luce Eingsley, LL.D 

•M. Henri Temaux-Oompans 

Vohn Lloyd Stephens, Esq 

•George Catlin, Esq 

•John Winthrop, Esq 

•M. Constantine Demetrius Schinas 

•Colonel William Leete Stone 

•H. Joaquim Jos^ Da Costa de Macedo . . . 

•Hon. Daniel Dewey Barnard, LL.D 

•M. Frederic de Waldeck 

•Israel Keech Tefft, Esq. 

•Hon. John McPherson Berrien, LL.D. . . . 

•tEdward Jarvis, M.D 

•Hon. David Lowry Swain, LL.D 

•Hon. James Moore Wayne, LL.D 

•Matthew Hall McAllister, Esq 

Rt. Rev. William Bacon Stevens, D.D., LLD. 

•Colonel George Bumford 

•Le Chevalier Friedrichsthal 

•Hon. Henry Black, LL.D 

•tHon. Joel Parker, LL.D *. . 

•Rev. John Lee, D.D., LL.D , 

•Hon. Thomas Day, LL.D 

•Count Jacob Graberg de Hermso, M.A. . . , 

•Rev. Charles Burroughs, D.D 

•Geoxge Atkinson Ward, Esq 

•Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A 

•Richard Almack, F.S.A 

•Rev. George Oliver, D.D 

•Rev. Philip Bliss, D.C.L 

•Sir Archibald Alison, Bart., D.C.L 

•Colonel James Duncau Graham 

•Robert Lemon, Esq 

•Thomas Colley Grattan, Esq 

•Don Pedro de Angelis 

•John Romeyne Brodhead, A.M 

•Benjamin Franklin Thompson, Esq 

•Richard Griffin, Lord Braybrooke, F.S.A. . 

Ephraim George Squier, Esq 

•Pavne Ken von Kilboume, A.M 

•Miss Frances Man waring Caulkins 

•Thomas Donaldson, Esq 

Hon. George Bancroft, LL.D 

•Don Lucas Alaman 

James Hammond Trumbull, LL.D 

•Robert Bigsby, LL.D 

•Theodoric Romeyne Beck, M.D 

•Rev. Joseph Romilly, M.A 

JaoMf Biker, Eeq 



RESIDENCE. DATE OF ELECTION. 

New York, N. Y 29 December, 1836. 

„ „ 31 March, 1837. 

Auburn, N. Y „ ,, ,t 

Saugerties, N. Y 26 October, 1837. 

Athens, Greece „ n n 

Tiverton, R. I „ ,« ,» 

Quebec, Canada 22 February, 1838. 

The Hyde, Ingatestone, England .... 28 June, „ 

New York, N. Y 26 July, „ 

New Haven, Conn „ „ „ 

„ , .* . . 28 August, „ 

Paris, France „ i, „ 

New York, N. Y 27 September, „ 

»» »> »i n i» 

New Orleans, Louisiana 25 October, „ 

Athens, Greece ,, m » 

New York, N. Y 28 February, 1839. 

Lisbon, Portugal 15 April, ,, 

Albany, N. Y 27 June, „ 

Paris, France 26 September, „ 

Savannah, Georgia 31 October, „ 

»» »t • • • • • • II It ff 

Then of Louisville, Kentucky „ „ „ 

Chapel Hill, N. C 26 November, ,. 

Savannah, Georgia „ „ ,, 

«» II II II II 

Philadelphia, Penn 30 July, 1840. 

Washington, D. C ,, „ ,, 

Vienna, Austria 25 August, 1840. 

Quebec, Canada 20 October, „ 

Then of Keene, N. H „ ,, „ 

Edinburgh, Scotland „ „ „ 

Hartford, Conn. 31 December, 1840. 

Florence, Italy 27 May, 1841. 

Portsmouth, N. H 24 February, 1842. 

New York, N. Y 17 November, „ 

London, England „ „ „ 

Long Melford, Suffolk, England „ ,, „ 

Exeter, England 30 March, 1848. 

Oxford, England „ „ „ 

Possil House, Lanarkshire, Scotland . . 27 April, „ 

U.S. Topographical Engineers 30 May, 1844. 

liondon, England 26 September, 1844. 

„ „ 26 December, ,, 

Buenos Ayrcs, South America 30 January, 1845. 

New York, N. Y ,, ,, „ 

,, ,, 4 December, „ 

Audley End, Essex, England 7 May, 1846. 

New York, N. Y 29 June, 1848. 

Litchfield, Conn 23 November, 1848. 

Norwich, Conn 26 April, 1849. 

Baltimore, Maryland 22 November, 1849. 

Washington, D. C. .' 28 February, 1850. 

Mexico M ,, 

Hartfonl, Conn 27 June, 1850. 

Ashby-de-la-Zouch, England 27 March, 1851. 

Albany, N. Y 29 May, „ 

Cambridge, England 8 July, 1852. 

Harlem, N. Y 11 November, 1852. 



XX HONOBABY AND GORBESPONDING MEMBERS. 

NAME. RESIDENCE. DATE OF ELECTION. 

•Henry Bond, M.D Philadelphia, Penn 8 September, 1853. 

*Henry Stevens, F.S.A London, England „ „ „ 

*Cynis Eaton, A.M Warren, Maine „ „ „ 

*Rt. Hon. Lord Macaulay, D.C.L. London, England 11 May, 1854. 

♦Heniy Hallam, D.C.I „ „ „ „ „ 

♦Hon. William Willis, LL.D Portland, Maine „ „ „ 

Frederic Griffin, Esq Montreal, Canada 10 August, 1854. 

•John Carter Brown, A.M Providence, R. I „ „ „ 

•Hon Elijah Hayward Columbus, Ohio „ „ „ 

Rev. William Smith S9uthgate, A.M Annapolis, Maryland 14 December, 1854. 

•Hon. Samuel Greene Arnold, LL.D Providence, R. 1 8 March, 1855. 

*Hon. Charles Stewart Davies, LL.D Portland, Maine 10 May, „ 

John Gilmary Shea, LL.D New York, N. Y 12 July, „ 

•James Lenox, LL.D „ „ „ „ „ 

•Rt. Rev. Samuel Wilberforce, D.D., LL.D. . Lavington, Sussex, England 9 August, „ 

•Winthrop Sargent, A.M Philadelphia, Penn 10 January', 1866. 

•Earl Stanhope, D.C.L Chevening, Kent, England 14 February, 

•Hon. William Cabell Rives, LL.D Linsey's Store, Virginia 13 March, 

•Hon. John Russell Bartlett, A.M Providence, R. 1 8 May, 

•Peter Force, Esq Washington, D. C 14 August, „ 

tSamuel Eliot, LL.D Then of Hartford, Conn 9 October, „ 

•William Paver, Esq York, England 11 December, 1856. 

•George Barth^l^my Faribault, Esq.^ Quebec, Canada 



ft 

19 
It 



»» »> »» 



HONOEAEY AND COERESPONDING MEMBEES, 

Elected binge the Passage of the Act of 1857. 

NAME. residence. DATE OF ELECTION. 

•Rev. William Buell Sprague, D.D., LL.D. . Albany, N. Y 12 March, 1857. 

•M. Francois Pierre Guillaimie Guizot, LL.D. Paris, France 14 May, „ 

•M. Alexis Clerel de Tocqueville« LL.D Tocqueville, France „ „ „ 

•William Durrant Cooper, F.S.A London, England „ „ „ 

•Rev. Samuel Osgood, D.D., LL.D New York, N. Y 9 July, „ 

•Edmund Burke 0*Callaghan, M.D., LL.D. . Albany, N. Y 10 September, 1857. 

^Buckingham Smith, Esq St. Augustine, Florida 

Benjamin Franklin French, Esq New Orleans, Louisiana „ „ 

•Francis Liebcr, LL.D New York, N. Y 13 Januaiy, 1858. 

Hon. William Henry Trescot Charleston, S. C „ „ „ 

•Rt. Hon. Lord Lyndhurst, LL.D London, England 18 February, „ 

•Count Jules de Menou Paris, France 8 April, „ 

tRev. Andrew Preston Peabody, D.D Then of Portsmouth, N. H 13 May, „ 

•Richard Hildreth, A.M New York, N. Y „ ,, „ 

•Hon. Richard Rush, A.M Philadelphia, Penn 17 June, 

•Hon. George Perkins Marsh, LL.D Rome, Italy „ 

•John George Kohl, LL.D Bremen, Germany 11 August, „ 

•Hon. Albert Gorton Greene, A.M Providence, R. 1 14 October, „ 

•Hon. John Pendleton Kennedy, LL.D Baltimore, Maryland „ „ „ 

•Hon. John Jordan Crittenden, LL.D Frankfort, Kentucky 10 February, 1859. 

•Benjamin Robert Winthrop, Esq New York, N. Y „ „ „ 

•Hon. Edward Coles Philadelphia, Penn 10 March, „ 

James Carson Brevoort, LL.D New York, N. Y „ „ „ 

•Baron Charles Dupin Paris, France 14 April, „ 



»» »» 



1 The name of Mr. Taribaolt has been on the roU of GorieqKmding Members sine« 1866» but there is no record of his 
•leetton. 



HONOBABY AND COBBBSPONDING MEMBEBS. xxi 

NAME. RESIDENCE. DATE OF BLECTIOir. 

*M. Edme Francois Jomard PariSf France 14 April, 1859. 

*Hoii. Heniy DOworth Gilpin Philadelphia, Penn „ „ ,, 

*Hon. Robert Hallowell Gardiner, A.M. . . . Gardiner, Maine 12 May, „ 

RL Rev. Lord Arthur Charles Hervey, D.D. Wells, England „ „ „ 

*Horatio Gates Somerby, Esq London, England „ „ „ 

George Henry Moore, LL.D New York, N. Y 9 June, „ 

*M. Francois Auguste Alexis Mignet Paris, France 12 April, 1860. 

•Hon. William Read Staples, LL.D Providence, R. I „ „ „ 

•Count Adolphe de Circourt Paris, France 8 November, 1860. 

•Hon. James Lewis t*etigm, LL.D Charleston, S. C 14 Februaiy, 1861. 

•William Cullen Brj'ant, LL.D New York, N. Y „ „ „ 

•Hon. Hugh Blair Grigsby, LL.D Norfolk, Virginia , „ „ 

•Very Rev. Henry HartMilman, D.D. . 1 . . . London, EngUud 11 April, „ 

William Noel Sainsbury, Esq „ „ „ „ „ 

•Hon. Horace Binney, LL.D Philadelphia, Penn 9 May, „. 

Samuel Austin Allibone, LL.D New York, N. Y „ „ „ 

•William Winthrop, Esq Valetta, Malta „ „ „ 

Heniy Tuke Parker, A.M Ix)ndon, England 13 June, ,', 

Benson John Lossing, LL.D Dover Plains, N. Y 11 July, „ 

•Lieutenant-Creneral Winfield Scott, LL.D. . . Washington, D. C 14 November, „ 

•Rev. Leonard Woods, D.D., LL.D Brunswick, Maine ' „ „ „ 

Lyman Copeland Draper, LL.D Madison, Wisconsin 12 December, „ 

•Count Ag^nor de Gasparin, LL.D Geneva, SwitzerUnd 12 February, 1863. 

•Rt Rev. George Burgess, D.D Gardiner, Maine „ „ „ 

•George Washington Greene, LL.D Providence, R. I „ ,, ,, 

•Hon. Luther Bradish, LL.D New York, N. Y 12 March, „ 

Rev. William Greenleaf Eliot, D.D St. Louis, Missouri „ „ „ 

•Hon. Millard Fillmore, LL.D Buffalo, N. Y 9 April, „ 

Henry Barton Dawson, Esq Morrisania, N. Y „ „ ,, 

•George Grote, D.C.L London, England 14 May, „ 

•M. Edouard Ren^ L^f^bre I^boulaye, LL.D. Paris, France 10 December, „ 

•Hon. John Adams Dix, LL.D New York, N. Y 14 January, 1864. 

f John Foster Kirk, Esq Then of Berne, Switzerland 11 February', „ 

Do. re-elected Philadelphia, Penn 8 December, 1870. 

Goldwm Smith, D.C.L Toronto, Canada 13 October, 1864. 

•John Forster, LL.D London, England 9 February, 1865. 

George Tlcknor Curtis, A.M New York, N. Y 9 March, 

•Hon. William Henry Seward, LL.D Auburn, N. Y 20 April, 

•Evert Augustus Duyckinck, Esq New York, N. Y 14 December, „ 

tJames Parton, A.M Tlien of New York, N. Y 12 April, 1866. 

•William Vincent Wells, Esq San Francisco, California 10 May, „ 

•George Peabody, D.C.L London, England 9 August, 1866. 

Hon. John Meredith Read, A.M Newport, R. 1 18 December, 1866. 

Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D Blackheath, England „ „ „ 

•M. Leopold von Ranke Berlin, Prussia 11 April, 1867. 

James Anthony Froude, M.A London, England „ „ „ 

•Brantz Mayer, Esq Baltimore, Maryland 6 June, „ 

•John Bruce, Esq., F.S.A London, England „ „ „ 

Rev. Theodore Dwight Woolsey, D.D.,LL.D. New Haven, Conn 12 September, 1867. 

*John Winter Jones, F.S.A London, England 12 December, 

•John Gough Nichols, F.S.A „ „ 9 April, 1868. 

Richard Henry Major, F.S.A „ „ 14 May, „ 

•M. Lonis Adolphe Thiers Paris, France 14 January, 1869. 

•Very Rev. ArthurPenrhyn Stanley ,D.D.,LL. D.London, EngUnd 

William Wetmore Story, A.M Rome, Italy 

Rev. Edmond de Pressens^, D.D Paris, France 11 February, „ 

Charles Janeway Stills, LL.D Philadelphia, Penn , „ „ 

M. Jules Marcou Paris, France 13 May, „ 

•Rev. Baniaa Sears, D.D., LL.D Staunton, Virginhi 8 .July, „ 



If 
ft 



i» 



♦> »» ♦» 






XXU HONOBABY AND GOKBBSPONDING MEMBBBS. 

NAME. RESIDENCB. DATS OF ELECTIOIT. 

Thomas Beamish Akins, D.C.L. Halifax, Nova Scotia 16 October, 1869. 

M. Pierre Margry Paris, France „ „ ,, 

*Thoma8 Carlyle, LL.D London, England 10 February, 1870. 

Charles Jeremiah Hoadly, A.M Hartford, Conn 8 September, „ 

*Henry Theodore Tuckerman, A.M ^ew York, N. Y 12 Januaiy, 1871. 

•Rev. William Ives Budington, D.D Brooklyn, N. Y 9 February, „ 

Benjamin Scott, Esq Weybridge, England „ „ „ 

Hon. Charles Heniy Bell, LL.D Exeter, N. H 10 August, „ 

David Masson, LL.D Edinburgh, Scotland „ „ „ 

♦Rev. WiUiam Barry, D.D Chicago, Illinois 11 January, 1872. 

*Hon. George Thomas Davis, LL.B Portland, Maine 8 February, „ 

Rev. Edward Duffield Xeill, A.M St. Paul, Minnesota 14 March, „ 

♦M. Marie Armand Pascal D'Avezac Paris, France „ „ ,, 

*Rev. Jeremiah Lewis Diman, D.D Providence, R. 1 13 February, 1873. 

•Colonel Joseph Lemuel Chester, D.C.L. . . . London, England ,, „ „ 

♦Hon. Edward Turner Boyd Twisleton, M.A. „ „ 13 March, „ 

William Gammell, LL.D Providence, R. 1 10 July, „ 

Edward Augustus Freeman, D.C.L Oxford, England 11 September, 

Rev. Thomas Hill, D.D., LL.D Portland, Maine 11 October, 

♦Josiah Gilbert Holland, M.D New York, N. Y 13 November, „ 

Hon. Manning Ferguson Force, LL.B Cincinnati, Ohio „ „ „ 

Achille Marquis de Rochambeau Veudome, BYance 12 February, 1874. 

Sir John Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D Dublin, Ireland 9 April, „ 

Samuel Rawson Gardiner,, LL.D Oxford, England 12 November, ,, 

Hon. John Bigelow, A.M New York, N. Y 11 February, 1876. 

Geoi^ William Curtis, LL.D West New Brighton, N. Y 9 September, „ 

Baron Franz Von Holtzendorff Munich, Bavaria 14 October, „ 

Henry Carey Lea, Esq Philadelphia, Penn „ „ „ 

Hubert Howe Bancroft, A.M San Francisccf, California 11 November, „ 

S.AR. Louis Philippe Albert, Comte de Paris Paris, France 9 December, „ 

Rt. Rev. WiUiam Stubbs, D.D., LL.D Chester, England 12 October, 1876. 

Hon. William Maxwell Evarts, LL.D New York, N. Y 9 November, 1876. 

fThomas Wentworth Higginson, A.M Then of Newport, R. I 

♦Rev. John Richard Green, LL.D London, England 

Rev. Richard Salter Storrs, D.D., LL.D. . . . Brooklyn, N. Y 14 December, 

•Hon. Horatio Seymour, LL.D Utica, N. Y 8 February, 1877. 

M. Louis Gustave Vapereau Paris, France 8 November, 

William Frederick Poole, LL.D Chicago, Illinois 10 January, 1878. 

Rev. Eben Edwards Beardsley, D.D., LL.D. . New Haven, Conn ,, „ ,, 

John Austin Stevens, A.B New York, N. Y 14 March, „ 

♦M. Henri Martin Paris, France 10 October, „ 

Joseph Florimond Loubat, LL.D New York, N. Y 

Charles Henry Hart, LL.B Philadelphia, Penn 

♦John Hill Burton, D.C.L Edinburgh, Scotland 12 December, 1878, 

Rev. Moses Coit Tyler, LL.D Ithaca, N. Y 13 February-, 1879. 

Hermann Von Hoist, Ph.D Freiburg, Germany „ „ „ 

Franklin Bowditch Dexter, AM New Haven, Conn 8 May, „ 

John Marshall Brown, A.M Portland, Maine „ „ „ 

Hon. Andrew Dickson White, LL.D Ithaca, N. Y 11 September, 

Greorge Washington Ranck, Esq Lexington, Kentucky 11 December, 

♦Frederick De Peyster, LL.D New York, N. Y 11 March, 1880. 

James McPherson Le Moine, Esq Quebec, Canada 6 April, ,, 

♦Alfred Langdon-Elwyn, M.D Philadelphia, Penn 1.3 May, „ 

♦Hon. Zachariah Allen, LL.D Providence, R. 1 9 September, 1880. 

M. Theodor Mommsen Berlin, Prussia 14 October, „ 

Rt. Hon. George Otto Trevelyan, D.C.L. . . Tendon, England 11 November, „ 

Henry Adams, A.B Washinpjton, D. C „ „ „ 

Julius Dexter, A.B Cincinnati, Ohio 10 February, 1881. 

Rev. Henry Martyn Baird, D.D New York, N. Y 13 October, „ 












HONOBABY AND COBBESPONDINO MEMBEBS. XXiii 

VAMB. RS8IDENCE. DATE OP ELECTION. 

Colonel Henry Beebee Cairin^n, LL.D. . . New London, Conn 13 October, 1881. 

Hon. William Wirt Henry Richmond, Virginia 10 November, 1881. 

Le Vicomte d'Haussonville Paris, France 8 December, „ 

Hon. Ellha Benjamin Waahbume Chicago, Illinois 12 January, 1882. 

John Robert Seeley, LL.D Cambridge, England 9 February, „ 

William Francis Allen, A.M Madison, Wisconsin „ „ ,, 

William Edirard Hartpole Lecky, LL.D. . . London, England 14 September, „ 

James Bryce, D.C.L Oxford, England „ ,, ,, 

Rev. Charles Richmond Weld, B.D Baltimore, Maryland 11 January, 1883. 

Herbert Baxter Adams, Ph.D „ „ „ „ „ 

*Hon. Gastavus Vasa Fox Washington, D. C 8 February, 

Signor Comelio Desimoni * . . . . Genoa, Italy 8 March, 

Brigadier-General George Washington Cullum New York, N. Y 14 February, 1884. 

*Rev. George Washington Blagden, D.D. ... „ „ „ 14 March, „ 

Hon. Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry, LL.D. . . Richmond, Viiginia 12 March, 1885. 

Amos Perry, A.M Providence, R. I „ „ „ 

Horatio Hale, A.M Clinton, Canada 11 March, 1886. 



It 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Jamei SnUivan 17S1-1B0S 

ChriBtupher Gore 1806-1818 

John Davia 1818-1836 

ThomML. Wiothrop 18;il>-1841 

Jamei Savage 1B41-18I>6 

Robert C. Winthrop 1866-1886 

George B-Ellu 1886- 

VlCE-FsBStDBHtS.l 

Jared Sparks 1857-1866 

D*TldSe«r» 1857-1862 

Thomai Anpinwall 1862-1870 

John C. Gray 1886-1869 

Chariot Francii Adam* 1869-1861 

Emoi7 Waahbum 1870-1877 

G«orgeE.EllU 1877-1886 

CharletDeane I88I- 

Fnncit Parkman 1886- 

BBCOBDina Sbcrbtabibs. 

Thonwi Wallcnl 1791-1792 

George RichardB Minot 1792-1793 

Jame* Freenian 1793-1812 

JoBPphMcKean 1812-1818 

Chart™ T^well 1818-1888 

Gamaliel Brniitord 1833-1835 

Joseph Willard 1835-1857 

Chanrllcr Robbina ia'>7-1864 

Cliarlpa Denne 1864-1877 

Kdmimd quincy 1877-1877 

George Dellor 1878-1883 

Edwafd J. Toujig 1883- 

CoRKBSPOHDnio Secritaries. 

Jeremy Belknap I79I-1798 

John Eliot 1796-1813 

Abiel Ilolmea 1813-1*18 

Charles Lowell 1833-1849 

Al«ander Young 1849-1855 

William P. Lunt '..... 1866-1857 

Joaoph Willnrd 1857-1864 

Chaniller Robbina 1864-1877 

Charles Deane 1877-1881 

Joatin Winior 1881- 

> Tlw oOn o( Vls-PraUut m cndad Id 18&J. 



Com^xmdiBg Stentarg, Pro Ttmport. 
Thaddeu* H. Harris 1887-1840 

TKBaSDBBIia. 

WiUiam Tudor 1791-17M 

George Richardi Minot 1796-1790 

William Tudor 1799-1808 

Josiah Quincy 1808-1820 

James Savage 1820-1839 

Vnimm JliH-lioll 18S9-1646 

P^U-i,' W. riiiiiidler 1846-184T 

Richard Frothbgham 1847-187T 

Ctiarlei C. Smith 1677- 

LlBBARIASS. 

John Eliot 1791-1798 

George Richards Minot 1793-1795 

John Eliot 1705-1798 

John Thornton Kirkland 1798-1806 

William Smiib Shaw 1806-1808 

Tlmf.thy Aldcn* 1808-1809 

Joseph MeKean 1809-1812 

Joseph Tilden 1812-1814 

.I11IIK9 Savage 1814-1818 

Natlianiel G. SncUing 1818-1821 

Eliaha Clap 1821-1828 

William Jeoka 

James Bowdnin 

Joseph Willard 

Nahum Mitchell 1835-1836 

Joseph B. Felt 1886-1837 

Thaddeus M. Harris 1837-1S42 

Joaeph B, Felt 1842-1855 

Samuel K. Lothroji 1855-1861 

Nathaniel B, SImrtleff 1861-1864 

Thomas C. Amory 1884-1808 

Samuel A. Green 1886- 

Aaiitant Ubrariant. 

John Thornton Kirkland 1708-1798 

Thomaa Wallcut 1708-1700 

Thaddens M. Hanis 1887-1837 

Lucius R. Paige 1845-1846 

■ Sm pToaadiDfi, nL I. p. d, Bote 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



XSV 



CABtKBT EsKPBBS. 

George Richard) Utoot 1791-1793 

John Kliot 17»8-17SM 

SanmdTurdl 1794-IH08 

Tiiriutliy Aldeo,' 1808-1809 

Joseph McKean IBOU-IBIO 

Kedfbrd Webster 1610-1838 

Iinac P DBTii ia33-iaM 

Kalhaniel B. Sbnrtleff. 1S6J-1800 

Samuel A. Green 186U-1868 

Henry G. Denny 1888-1874 

William S. Appleton 1874-1880 

Filch Edward OUver 1S80- 

EXEODIITE COMNITTEB. 

George Richards ICnot 1791-1703 

Ppter Tliaclier 1701-1802 

Jnrae« Winlhrop 1701-1821 

litclford WebsLer 1798-1810 

Julm Davis 1708-1818 

-loeiah Quincy 179&-la02 

William Tndor 180^1807 

William Emenon 180&-180e 

John Thornton KirkUnd 1809-1812 

Th-imas L, Winlhrop 1810-1836 

Abiel Holme* 1811-1818 

Jnmei Freeman 1812-1826 

John Pierce 1818-1834 

Willinm Tuiior 

Fnuim C. Gray 1821-1824 

Nathan Hale 182+-1838 

Jnnes Buwdoin 1826-1833 

Jared Sparlu 1833-1838 

James T. AaKin 1634-1838 

James Savaife 1836-1S41 

Nntlian Appleton 

(■onTers Fmntis 

John Dnvia 

Alexander Young 1888-1852 

Joseph B. Felt 183S-18S9 

Snmnel P Gardner 1636-1642 

George Tlcknor iaW-18S2 

Josepli Willard 1641-1862 

Francis C. Gray 1642-1862 

Edward Everett 1862-1868 

George E. Ellis 

George Llvermore , 

Nathaniel B. Sburtleff , 

Chariei Deane 

Robert C. Wintbrop 1663-1665 

George W. BUgden 1863-1665 



LQciuaR. Paige ieM-1866 

Chandler Bobbins 1864-1857 

John C. Gr»y 1865-1857 

William Brigham 1856-1858 

Francis Parkoita 1 856-1858 

George Ijvermore 1856-1860 

Thomas A.ipinwal] 1867-186',l 

Kiiiory Wttsljliiirn 1668-18eO 

Lorenzo Sabine 1868-lc.GO 

Charles Deane 1858-1861 

Solomon Lincoln 1660-1801 

Jleiiry Austin Whitney 1660-1661 

Leverclt t*«llonElBll 1860-18(12 

TliomaK Aspinwall 1660-1862 

Bamuel K, Lotbrop 1661-1863 

Cbarlei H. Warren 1661-1662 

Robert C. Waienton 1861-1868 

Emory Washburn 1862-186* 

Thomas C. Amory 1662-1664 

William G, Brooks 1602-1666 

Horace GVay 1863-1866 

George E. Ellis 1863-1866 

Charles Eliot Norton 1664-1 665 

Leverett SaltonsUll 1664-1867 

Clisries Foleom 1866-1807 

Amos A. Lawreni'c 1866-1607 

Henry Warren Torrey 1866-1668 

Samuel Eliot 1666-1666 

George E. Eitii 1867-1868 

William C. Endicott 1867-16611 

WiUiam G. Brooks 1667-1870 

Charles C. Smith 1666-1l!'70 

George W. Bla([den 1666-1671 

James M. Bobbins 1869-1871 

Henry Warren Torrey 1669-1671 

Theodore Lyman 1870-1671 

Henry M. Dexter 1870-18TI 

Edmund Qiiidcv 1871-1871 

George S. Hillard 1871-1873 

George Funchard 1871-1872 

Robert C. Waterston 1671-1674 

William 11 Wliiimore 1871-1872 

Nathaniel B. ShurtleD 1872-1874 

Augustus T. Perkins 1872-1875 

Itobon M, Mason 1873-1876 

William S. Appleton 1873-1871 

Francis W. Palfrey 1874-187(1 

Edmund Qnint-y 1874-1877 

William G. Brooks 1S76-1877 

Charles C. Smith 1876-1877 

Henry W. Foote 1876-1878 

George E. Ellis 1876-1877 

James Russell Lowell 1877-1878 

Charles C. Perkins 1877-1879 

oL L p, m, DoM. 



XXVI 



OFFICEBS OF THE SOCIETY. 



Winslow Warren 1877-1878 

Richard Frothingham 1877-1879 

Charles W. Tuttle 1878-1880 

Leverett Saltonstall 1878-1881 

Justin Winsor 1879-1881 

Delano A. Goddard 1879-1882 

George B. Chase 1880-1882 

Henrj Cabot Lodge 1880-1883 

PhilUps Brooks 1881-1888 

Henry W. Hajnes 1881-1884 

Charles Francis Adams, Jr 1882-1885 

James ElUot Cabot 1882-1884 

John T. Morse, Jr 1888-1884 

Clement Hugh Hai 1883-1886 

William W. Greenough 1884-1886 

Samuel C. Cobb 1884-1886 

Abbott Lawrence 1884- 

Abner C Goodell 1885- 

Mellen Chamberlain 1885- 

William Everett 1886- 

Ilobert C. Winthrop, Jr 1886- 

COMMITTEES OF PUBLICATIOK. 

For the Collections^ 

Jeremy Belknap, 1. 1, 8, 4. 

John EUot, I. 1, 4, 5, 8. 11. 1. 

James Freeman, T. 1, 3, 4, 5, 8. II. 1, 3^ 9. 

Greorge Richards Minot, 1. 1, 4, 6. 

James Sullivan, I. 2. 

Peter Thacher, I. 2, a 

WUliam Tudor, I. 2. n. 4, 7, ^. 

Bedford Webster, I. 2. II. 1. 

William Wetmore, I 8. 

Aaron Dexter, I. 3. 

Jedediah Morse, I. 5, 7. 

Josiah Quincy, I. 5, 6, 9. II. 2, 8. 

John Davis, I. 6, 9. II. 1, 4, 7. 

John Thornton Kirkland, I. 6, 9. 

Abiel Holmes, I. 7, 10. II. 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, la 

William Spooner, I. 7. 

Thaddeus M. Harris, L 7, 10. 11. 2. ni. 7. 

William Sullivan,* I. a 

William Emerson, I. 9. 

Thomas L. Winthrop, I. 10. 

Jolm Quincy Adams, I. 10. 

Alden Bradford, II. 1, 8, a 

John Pierce, II. 1. 

Joseph McKean, II. 2, 4, 5, 6, 7. 

James Savage, 11. 3, 4, 8, 10. III. 1. 

Elisha Clap, II. 8, 9. 

John Pickering. II. 9, 10. III. 2. 

Francis C. Gray, II. 9. III. 8, 9, 10. 



Benjamin R. Nichols, 11. 10. IIL 2. 

William Jenks, IIL 1. IV. L 

Charles Lowell, III. 1, 8, 4. 

William J. Spooner, III. 1. 

James Bowdoin, III. 2, 3, 4. 

James C. Merrill, lU. 2. 

Convers Francis, III. 3, 4, 5, 7. 

Joseph WUlard, III. 3, 4. 

Joseph E. Worcester, III. 5. 

Joseph B. Felt, III. 5, 6, 7, 8. 

Alexander Young, III. 5, 6, 8. IV. 1. 

Lemuel Shattuck, IIL 6. 

Samuel Sewall, IIL 6. 

Natham'el G. SncUing, HI. 7. 

William H. Prcscott, III. 8. 

Robert C. Winthrop, m. 9, 10. rV.6,7. V. 1. 

Alvan Lamson, III. 9. 

Charles Francis Adams, IIL 9, 10. V. 4. 

Nathaniel L. Frothingham, III. 10. 

Georgre Ticknor, IV. 1. 

Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, IV. 1, 2. 

George E. Ellis, IV. 2, 9, 10. V. 5, 6, 7. 

Chandler Bobbins, IV. 2, 6, 7, a V. 1, 2; a 

Charles Deane, IV. 2, 3, 6, 7. V. 1, 2, 8, 9. 

William P. Lunt, IV. S, 

Lucius R. Paige, IV. 3. 

Ellis Ames, IV. 8. 

Richard Frothingham, IV. 4. V. 4. 

Thomas Aspinwall, IV. 4, 9, 10. 

George Livermore, IV. 4. 

Lorenzo Sabine, IV. 4. 

Solomon Lincoln, IV. 5. 

Alonzo H. Quint, IV. 5. 

Williams Latham, IV. 5. 

Joseph Palmer, IV. 5. 

Henry W. Torrey, IV. 8. V. 5, 6, 7. 

Samuel K. Lothrop, IV. 8. 

William S. Bartlet, IV. 9. 10. 

John Langdon Sibley, IV. 9, 10. 

diaries C. Smith, V. 1, 8. 

William G. Brooks, V. 2, 8. 

Wiiislow Warren, V. 4, 10. 

William II. Whitmore, V. 5, 6, 7. 

James Russell Lowell, V. 5, 6, 7. 

George Dexter, V. 8. 

Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., V. 8. 

Justin Winsor, V. 9. 

Arthur Lord, V. 9. 

George B. Chase, V. 10. 

Henry F. Jenks, V. 10. 

Mellen Chamberlain, VI. 1. 

Clement Hugh Hill, VI. 1. 

Arthur B. Ellis, VI. 1. 

James M. Bugbee, VI. 1. 



OFFICBBS OF TH£ 80CIBTT. 



XXVH 



For publishing the Proceedinffg from 1791 to 
1866, when the regular series began, 

Charles Deane. 
Charles C. Smith. 

For the Proceedings since 1866. 

George Livermore 1866-1863 

Chandler RobbiDB 1866-1804 

Henry Austin Whitney. 1860-1864 

Samuel K. Lothrop 1862-1868 



Charles Deane 1868-1877 

William G. Brooks 1863-1804 

Charles Folsom 1864-1867 

Samuel A. Green 1864-1882 

Charles C. Smith 1867-1882 

Edmund Quincy 1877-1877 

George Dexter 1878-1888 

JosiahP. Quincy 188:^1883 

Horace £. Scudder 1882-1883 

Edward J. Young 1883- 

Ciement Hugh Hiii 1883- 

Alexander McKenzic 1883- 



OFFICERS 



OF THB 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Elected Afbil 15, 1886. 



Rev. GEORGE £. ELLIS, D.D., LL.D Boston. 

9xct-^re8tbtnf8. 

CHARLES DEANE, LL.D Cambridge. 

FRANCIS PARKMAN, LL.D Boston. 

Jlecorbmg fttcrdaqi. 
Rev. EDWARD J. YOUNG, A.M Cambridge. 

(lon£8(ronbhtg SmttBrg. 
JUSTIN WINSOR, A,B Cambridge. 

Crtamrtr. 
CHARLES C. SMITH, Esq Boston. 

^jribrarian. 
Hon. SAMUEL A. GREEN, M.D. Boston. 

Cabinet- JM^prr. 
FITCH EDWARD OLIVER, M.D Boston. 

Cftcntifre Committee of t^e Cotmcil. 

ABBOTT LAWRENCE, A.M Boston. 

ABNER C. GOODELL. A.M Salem. 

Hon. MELLEN CHAMBERLAIN, LL.D Chelsea. 

WILLIAM EVERETT, Ph.D Quincy. 

ROBERT C. WINTHROP, Jr., A.M Boston. 



RESIDENT MEMBERS, 

AT THE DATS OF THE PBINTINO OF THIS BOOK, HI THE OSDER OF 

THEIB BLECTIOir. 



Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL.D. 

Hon. Charles Francis Adams, LL.D. 

Rev. George £. Ellis, LL.D. 

Hon. Peleg W. Chandler, LL.D. 

Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D. 

Henry Wheatland, M.D. 

Charles Deane, LL.D. 

Francis Parkman, LL.D. 

Rev. Samuel K. Lothrop, D.D. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes, LL.D. 

Henry Austin Whitney, A.M. 

Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, A.M. 

Henry W. Torrey, LL.D. 

Rev. Robert C. Waterston, A.M. 

Thomas C. Amory, A.M. 

Hon. Samuel A. Green, M.D. 

Charles Eliot Norton, Litt.D. 

Robert Bennett Forbes, Esq. 

Rev. Edward E. Hale, D.D. 

Rev. Andrew P. Peabody, D.D. 

Hon. Horace Gray, LL.D. 

Amos A. Lawrence, A.M. 

Rev. Edwards A. Park, D.D. 

William H. Whitmore, A.M. 

Hon. James Russell Lowell, D.C.L. 

Hon. William C. Endicott, LL.D. 

Hon. E. Rockwood Hoar, LL.D. 

Josiah P. Quincy, A.M. 

Samuel Eliot, LL.D. 
[xxt] 



Henry G. Denny, A.M. 
Charles C. Smith, Esq. 
Hon. George S. Hale, A.M. 
William S. Appleton, A.M. 
Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D.D. 
Hon. Theodore Ljrman, S.B. 
Abner C. Goodell, A.M. 
William Amory, A.M. 
Edward D. Harris, Esq. 
Augustus T. Perkins, A.M. 
Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, LL.D. 
Winslow Warren, LL.B. 
Francis W. Palfrey, A.M. 
Charles W. Eliot, LL.D. 
Rev. Henry W. Foote, A.M. 
Charles C. Perkins, A.M. 
Charles F. Dunbar, A.B. 
Hon. Charles Devens, LL.D. 
Charles F. Adams, Jr., A.B. 
William P. Upham, A.B. 
Fitch Edward Oliver, M.D. 
William Everett, Ph.D. 
George B. Chase, A.M. 
Henry Cabot Lodge, Ph.D. 
John T. Morse, Jr., A.B. 
Justin Winsor, A.B. 
J. Elliot Cabot, LL.D. 
Henry Lee, A.M. 
Gamaliel Bradford, A.B. 



BBSIDENT MEMBEBS. 



XXXI 



Rev. Edward J. Young, A.M. 

Hon. John Lowell, LL.D. 

Abbott Lawrence, A.M. 

llev. James Freeman Clarke, D.D. 

liev. PhiUips Brooks, D.D. 

William W. Greenough, A.B. 

Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., A.M. 

Henry W. Hajnes, A.M. 

Thomas W. Higginson, A.M. 

Bev. Edward G. Porter, A.M. 

John C. Bopes, LL.B. 

Bey. Henry F. Jenks, A.M. 

Hon. Samuel C. Cobb. 

Horace E. Scudder, A.M. 

Bev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M. 

Stephen Salisbury, A.M. 

John T. Hassam, A.M. 

Bev. Alexander McKenzie, D.D. 

Arthur Lord, A.B. 



Arthur B. Ellis, LL.B. 
Hon. Henry Morris, LL.D. 
Clement Hugh Hill, A.M. 
Frederick W. Putnam, A.M. 
James M. Bugbee, Esq. 
Hon. John D. Washburn, LL.B. 
Bev. Egbert C. Smyth, D.D. 
Francis A. Walker, LL.D. 
Bev. Arthur L. Perry, LL.D. 
Hon. John E. Sanford, A.M. 
Uriel H. Crocker, LL.B. 
Hon. Martin Brimmer, A.B. 
Boger Wolcott, LL.B. 
William G. BusseU, LL.D. 
Edward J. Lowell, A.M. 
Edward Channing, Ph.D. 
Hon. Lincoln F. Brigham, LL.D. 
Edward Bangs, LL.B. 
Samuel F. McCleary, A.M. 



HONORARY OR CORRESPONDING 

MEMBERS, 

ELECTED UNDER THE ORIGINAL ACT OF INCORPORATION, 1794, IN THE ORDER 

OF THEIR ELECTION. 



Rt. Rev. William B. Stevens, D.D. 
E. Greorge Squier, Esq. 
Hon. George Bancroft, D.C.L. 
J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.D. 



James Riker, Esq. 

Rev. William S. Southgate, A.M. 

John Gilmary Shea, LL.D. 



HONORARY MEMBERS, 



ELECTED SINCE THE PASSAGE OF THE ACT OF 1867. 



James Anthony Froude, M.A. 
Edward A. Freeman, D.C.L. 
Rt. Rev. Lord A. C. Hervey, D.D. 
Rev. Theodore D. Woolsey, D.D. 
David Masson, LL.D. 
Baron Franz von Holtzendorff. 
S.A.R. le comte de Paris, 
[xxzii] 



Rt. Rev. William Stubbs, D.D. 
Hon. William M. Evarts, LL.D. 
Theodor Mommsen. 
Marquis de Rochambeau. 
Hon. Elihu B. Washbume. 
John Robert Seeley, LL.D. 
William E. H. Lecky, LL.D. 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS, 



ELECTED SIirCB THE PASSAGE OF THE ACT OF 1857. 



Benjamin F. French, Esq. 
Hon. William H. Trescot. 
J. Carson Brevoort, LL.D. 
George H. Moore, LL.D. 
William Noel Sainsbury, Esq. 
S. Austin Allibone, LL.D. 
Henry Take Parker, A.M. 
Benson J. Lossing, LL.D. 
Lyman C. Draper, LL.D. 
Rev. William G. Eliot, D.D. 
Henry B. Dawson, Esq. 
Goldwin Smith, D.C.L. 
George Ticknor Curtis, A.B. 
Hon. John Meredith Read, A.M. 
Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D. 
Richard Henry Major. F.S.A. 
Rev. Edmond de Pressens^, D.D. 
Charles J. StiUd, LL.D. 
William W. Story, A.M. 
M. Jules Marcou. 
Thomas B. Akins, D.C.L. 
M. Pierre Margry. 
Charles J. Hoadly, A.M. 
John Foster Kirk, Esq. 
Benjamin Scott, Esq. 
Hon. Charles H. Bell, LL.D. 
Rev. Edward D. Neill, A.B. 
William Ganmiell, LL.D. 
Rev. Thomas Hill, LL.D. 
Hon. Manning F. Force, LL.B. 
Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D. 
Samuel Rawson Gardiner, LL.D. 
Hon. John Bigelow, A.M. 



George William Curtis, LL.D. 

Henry C. Lea, Esq. 

Hubert H. Bancroft, A.M. 

Rev. Richard S. Storrs, LL.D. 

M. Gustave Vapereau. 

William F. Poole, LL.D. 

Rev. E. Edwards Beardsley, D.D. 

John Austin Stevens, A.B. 

Joseph F. Loubat, LL.D. 

Charles H. Hart, LL.B. 

Rev. Moses Coit Tyler, LL.D. 

Hermann von Hoist, Ph.D. 

Franklin B. Dexter, A.M. 

John M. Brown, A.M. 

Hon. Andrew D. White, LL.D. 

George W. Ranck, Esq. 

James M. Le Moine, Esq. 

Rt. Hon. George O. Trevelyan,D.C.L. 

Henry Adams, A.B. 

Julius Dexter, A.B. 

Rev. Henry M. Baird, D.D. 

Henry B. Carrington, LL.D. 

Hon. William Wirt Henry. 

Vicomte d'Haussonville. 

William F. Allen, A.M 

James Bryce, D.C.L. 

Rev. Charles R. Weld, B.D. 

Herbert B. Adams, Ph.D. 

Signer Comelio Desimoni. 

Gen. George W. Cullum, U.S.A. 

Hon. Jabez L. M. Curry, LL.D. 

Amos Perry, A.M. 

Horatio Htde, A.M. 

[xxxiii] 



MEMBERS DECEASED. 



Members who have died since the last volume of the Proceedings 

was issued, April 9, 1885. 

Resident. 
Hon. James M. Robbios. Hon. Francis £. Parker, LL.B. 

Jobn Langdon Sibley, A.M. Rev. Nicholas Hoppin, D.D. 

Hon. Jobn J. Babson. 

Honorary and Corresponding. 

Frederick Griffin, Esq. John Winthrop, Esq. 

Hon. Horatio Seymour, LL.D. Leopold von Ranke. 

Heuiy Stevens, F.S.A. Hon. John R. Bartlett, A.M. 
[xxxiv] 



LETTER-BOOK 



OF 



SAMUEL SEWALL. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



Sam. Sewall; Febr. 16, 168|. Pret. [pretium^] 10? 



2 



VOTE FOR COUNCILLORS, 1686. 

The Votes for Nomination opened and Counted in the 
west Chamber of the Town-house in Boston, Tuesday April 
14*?, 1685, Simon Bradstreet Esqr. Govr. beinjij present. 

1 Simon Bradstreet Esqr. the Number of his 

Votes was 1102 

2 Thomas Danforth Esqr 1199 

3 Daniel Gookin Esqr 1209 

4 John Pynchon Esqr, 1173 

5 William Stoughton Esqr 0674 

6 Joseph Dudley Esqr 666 

7 Peter Bulkley Esqr 656 

8 Nathanael Saltonstall Esqr 965 

9 Humphrey Davie Esqr 1109 

10 William Brown Esqr 237 

11 John Richards Esqr 1039 

12 Samuel Nowell Esqr 1159 

^ Enclosures in square brackets in the text indicate conjectural correc- 
tions or explanations. See SewalPs Diary, I. 3. — Eds. 

* This memorandum of the purchase of the original (MS.) volume is 
evidently the first entry made by Sewall. In fact the loose sheet on which 
it appears is marked, though apparently not in SewalPs own handwriting, 
as "page 1 " of the Letter Book. The entries on the first five or six pages 
in the volume, although not arranged in chronological order, are printed 
just as Sewall recorded them in the original. 

The regular thread of the correspondence begins with the letter to " Unckle 
Stephen Dumer," dated *« Feb' 1&^ 168| Boston, N. E.," which will be found 
on p. 21. — Eds. 

VOL. I. — 1. 



2 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALt. 

13 James Russell Esqr. 1086 

14 Peter Tilton Esqr. 1126 

15 Bartholomew Gedney Esqr 555 

16 Samuel Appleton Esqr 1120 

17 Robert Pike Esqr. 1089 

18 John Woodbridge Esqr 

19 Elisha Cooke Esqr 

20 William Johnson Esqr 

21 John Hathome Esqr 

22 Elisha Hutchinson Esqr 

23 Samuel Sewall Esqr 102— 

24 Mr. Oliver Purchis 441 

25 Capt. John Smith 437 

26 Capt. Daniel Pierce : 



NEWS FROM ENGLAND. 

N. B. April 14^, 1685. A Ship arrives from New- 
Castle brings News of the Death of Charles the 2* and 
Proclamation of James the 2^ King. The Master brought 
a couple of Proclamations relating to that Affair. News 
came [to us] as we were busy opening the Nomination, 
just before Dinner. It very much startled the Govemour, 
and [council]. In the morning before I went, the Govf 
informed me a Ship-master from Nevis had been with 
h[im who told] him Gov^ [Stapleton] said he [we] should 
have [a new Governour before he got to Boston. Master 
dined with] magistrats at Capt. Wing's.^ 



INVOICE OF GOODS SHIPPED. 

BosTox IN Newenoland; feb. 13, 88. M. 
S. S. ^cb. 13. 

Invoice of goods shipped on Board the America Mf 
Heugh Sampson Commander Bound for London, goe 

1 See Sewall^s Diary, I. 69. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 3 

Consigned to MP Edward Hull for sales and returns for 
the proper account and risque of Mr. Sam" Sewall under 
mark and number as p' Margent, cost with Charges viz : 

To oyll for 16 tjb at 36? £28 16 

To triming and naills 16-4? 16 

To literage porterage primage &c. . . . . 8 

£30 00 

s. s. May 5th. 

Invoice of Goods shiped on Board the Brigenteene 
Freindship, Mr. Nath? Green Commander Bound for 

Barbados goe Consigned to for sales and Returns 

for the proper account and Risque of Mr. Sam? Sewall 
under mark and number as pr. Margent Cost with Charges 
viz: 

To24tJbmackrillattl6? £19 4 

To Naills and Nailling 3? [3] 

To literage porterage &c. 6?, primage 4? 6^ 10 [6] 

£19 17 [6] 

[May] 23. 

Invoice of Goods Shipt on Board the Ketch Hopewell 
Mr. Sam" Chaphin Master Bound for the Leward Hands, 

goe Consigned to for sales and retumes for the 

proper account and Risque of Mr Sam? Sewall, imder 
mark and number as p"^ margent Cost with Charges, viz : 

Thirty bb mackrill att 16? £24 

To 1 m W i long Shingles att 5? 6? . . . 8 [3] 
To rolling on Board 1? 10 

NovT 25, 1690. 

Ship'd on board the Ketch Adventure Samuel Winkley 
Master For Jamaica, Seven Barrels of Pork 

5 Mr. Taylors at 40^ £14 

Fourty Barrels of Mackarel at 16! p Barrel . 32 
Charges on said Goods 10 

£47 



4 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Go consign'd to Mr. Eliakim Mather, and in his absence 
to Mr. Joseph Sergeant at Port-Royal on Jamaica, for my 
own acc^ and Risque. 

Voyage to Antigua Dr. To 30 Barrels of Mackarell on 
Board the Ketch Hopewell Sam. Veazie Master, to whom 
consigned for Sales and Returns^ . . . . £24 10 



^ Not the least interesting and valuable part of the Sewall correspondence 
is the glimpse which it affords of the commerce of the day. By searching the 
various bills of invoice, and other memoranda bearing on the subject which 
are frequently recorded by Sewall, one can draw at least some conclusion as 
to the kind and quantity of goods which were frequently exported or imported 
in his day by the Boston merchant. 

The following are some of the chief articles contained in the list, as 
appears by the earlier pages of the Letter-Book. In each case, it is intended 
to give them, so far as possible, in regular order, the most important at the 
top of the column. 

Thus fish and oil, being the staple articles of export, head that list, and 
cotton-wool and sugar stand at the head of the imports. 



Exports. 

Mackerel, in large quanti- 
ties. 

Oil (fish and whale), large 
quantities. 

Codfish, large quantities. 

Fish. 

Pork. 

Shingles. 

Tar. 

Alewivea. 

Molasses. 

Pickled Bass. 

Beaver. 

Cranberries. 

Imports. 

Cotton-wool. 

Sugar. 

Hair Sieve-bottoms. 

Strainers. 

Molasses. 

Lawn Sieve-bottoms. 

Duffall. 



Cottons. 

Calicoes. 

Kersies. 

Lockrom. 

Dowlace. 

Norwich stuff. 

Hair Buttons. 

Broad-cloth. 

Rum. 

Milk-strainers. 

Crape. 

Haberdashery. 

Penistons [Penny stones]. 

Cod- hooks. 

Cod-lines. 

Serge. 

Shot. 

Nails. 

Tobacco-pipes. 

Salt. 

Wicker fans (for fanning 

com). 
Linen. 
Scvthes. 



Knives. 

Rub-stones. 

Books. 

Lignum vitae. 

Oranges. 

Sweetmeats. 

Chocolate. 

Damask. 

Fringe. 

Madder. 

Tufted Holland. 

Castors. 

Thread. 

Silk. 

Needles. 

Trimming. 

Lead. 

Bell. 

Freestone. 

White fustian drawn. 

Woollen counterpane. 

Chairs. 

Worsted. 



The places with which trade was carried on include the following: 
London, Bristol, Bilboa, Barbadoes, Bermudas, St. Christopher's, Tortugas, 
Jamaica, Leeward Isles, Antigua. — £ds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



CONTRIBUTION OF CONNECTICUT TO WAR AGAINST FRENCH 

AND INDIANS. 

Boston in New-England; Novembi: 21, 1692. 

An Account of Conecticut Contribution-Money which 
now send to Mr. Secretary Allen. 

Cash Dr. 

1691. Jan! 7th. To pf | and N. E. Shillings 

&c received of Mr. Nath! Foot .... £ 80 

1692. May, 24. To ditto received of Mr. 

Gibbons 16 4 10 

£096 04 10 

ContrI, Cash is Cr. 

169|. March 8. By Grain ; 20 Bushels of 

Rie of Mr. Crosby of Eastham at 3.3^ .£350 

1692. March 31. 10 Bushels of Wheat at 4.6? 2 5 

A hundred Bushels of Ind. Corn of L? Nath. 

Williams 2.6? 12 10 

5 hhs 5 

York £18 5 

169J. March 22. By ditto for Grain and Flesh sent to 

Kittery ; viz : 

30 Bushels Ind. of Jn^ Webb £3 15 

15 Bushels Rie of Tho. Harwood 2.5.0. 

course shirting 3 Bags 0.11.6? 2 16 6 

3 Barrels Pork of Mr. Simeon Stoddard 7.10.0 

frait 11? 8 10 

£14 12 6 

1692. Ap. 1. By ditto, to Dover, Portsmouth and Exeter; 

viz: 
209 J^ Bushels Ind. of George Buttolph sent p 

S. Allen £26 3 3 



6 LETTEB-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

1692. Ap. 13. By ditto, to Wells ; viz : 

100 Bushels Ind. at 2.9? 13 15 

26 Bushels Rie at 3? 6? 4 11 

charges 026 

Frait paid Saml Storer 1116 

£20 

Novf To 4 hhs Salt of Capt. Belchar at 32? 6^ £6 10 

Cask and Nails 8 3. 

To Frait paid Francis Lyford 18? Paul Millar 

12? 6? 1 10 6 

To Simon Grover for Provision Pay, frait . . 3 19 7 

To Mr. Nathan? Foot 2 p? | 12 

For loss in the two Dutch p?" and Peru Reals, ) 

and want of weight, I charge but 9? though / 9 
. 'twas more ) 

£6 11 1 

York 18 5 

Kittery £14 12 6 

Hampshire .... 26 3 3 

xr.3. Wells 26 18 3 

errors £92 10 1 

[excepted.] 

Rests in my hand to balance 

£3 14 9 Itamy 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN ALLYN AS TO ABOVE 

CONTRIBUTION. 

Copy of a Letter to John AUyn JEsqr, Secretary to the Oovemor and 

Council at Hartford on Conecticut, 

Xr. 3, 1692. 

Sir, — I have receiv'd yours, and have drawn out my 
Accompt so well as I could, out of the Memorandums 

1 These accounts, with the letter which follows them, should be read in 
connection with the letters dated January 9, 1692, addressed to Moody and 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 7 

taken at the time. 'Twas a difficult time to buy Com, 
and I had much adoe to perswade Conecticut Men to take 
their own Money lest they should disoblige those that 
were like to be more durable customers; And I was 
many times hurried, and because Com was catcht at, fain 
to improve other hands ; so that I could not recover so 
distinct and particular Account as I desired to have done, 
so soon as I saw yours ; which was upon the 12^ of Sep- 
tember ; However, I resolved to delay no longer. What 
remains to balance, I shall make good accorjding to former 
Orders. I have sent the original Receipts, which please 
to return after your perusal. As for the Provision-Pay 
I sent it so fast as it came to hand, with the least Charge 
imaginable ; as oft as I could, measuring it out of one 
Vessel into another. I knew not exactly what quantity 
would come, and studied chiefly to avoid charge ; so that 
if in the distribution thereof there be not Temperamen- 
tum ad Pondus ; yet the persons design'd by your selvs, 
had it, and no others. Some of the Provision-Pay was 
Wheat, which I sold, for Indian Corn ; being inform'd 
'twould greatly gratify the poor. As for the Money, I 
immediately got large Purses, to keep each kind by it 
self, and all separate from my own ; and have not know- 
ingly converted one shilling to my own use, or otherwise, 
contrary to the will of the Donors. If any particular Ex- 
ception had been laid in, relating to this concern, I doubt 
not but I should have obviated the same : Without that, I 
can say no more. Only as I have done, so now I do 
heartily thank you in behalf of the many perishing per- 
sons, who have been sustained and refreshed by your 
Charity. Mention being made the other day of Coiiecti- 
cut's bearing a proportion in the charge of the War, Mr. 
Waldron made a very gratefuU Remembrance of your 

others, and John Allyn, on page 125. Taken together they make reasonably 
clear a transaction greatly to the credit of Connecticut, and not adverted to 
by Hutchinson, Trumbull, or Palfrey in their histories. — Eds. 



8 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Colony, affirming, that the East [em] Poor must have 
starved, but for your Contribution. This was before the 
Gov^ and Council. My hearty Service to the Govf Coun- 
cil and Assembly of your Colony. Praying God that I 
may doe better, and that my Service may be acceptable 
to his Saints, I take leave, who am Sir, 

Your humble Serv^ S. S. 

Sent Ten Receipts. 

Invoice. 

1693. Boston of the Massachusetts in New-Ekgld. 

Invoice of English Money ; Gold and Silver, sent to Mr. 
John Ive Merchant of London Oct^ 25, p Mr. John Mico 
Merchant of Boston ; viz. 

Ten Broad Pieces of Gold 

Three and Twenty Spanish Pistools 

One small Arabian piece. 

Three pounds in Silver Crowns. 

Went in their Maj* Ship Sam! and Henry for my own 
account and Risque to balance my account with said Ive.^ 



WILL OF GOVERNOR BELLINGHAM. 

Among many other undeserved favours of God towards 
me, this is none of the least, that for soe long a time, 
I have lived under the special Government of Christ in 
his Church not without some [soul] satisfaction through 
the gracious presence of Christ who hath walked in the 
middest of these Churches, which I judge have been con- 
stituted according to his minde, that I may testify the 
engagement of my heart to the Lord, being now of per- 
fect memory and understanding, I doe dispose of my 
Temporal Estate wherein the Lord hath blessed me by 
this my Last Will as foUoweth, viz. 

^ Two pages (7 and 8 ?) of the original (MS.) volume appear to be missing 
at this point. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 9 

I doe give to my beloved Wife the rent of that farme 
Nicholas Rice liveth in to be paide her duely after my 
decease, as alsp my dwelling house with the yarde and 
feild adjoining during her natural Life. To my only Son 
and his Daughter during their natural Lives, I give the 
farme Leiv' John Smith is tenant in, the other two 
far[mes] wherein John Belcher, and Goodman Townsend 
are tenants, I doe give the Rents of them towards the 
Releife of Four Daughters of Cor^^ William Goodrick soe 
long as they shall have urgent need (to be paide to their 
certaine Attourny here and by him self to the Eldest Sis- 
ter to dispose it for their use) and to pay my debts and 
other Legacies. Also I doe freely and willingly dispose 
and give (af^r mine, and my Wifes, decease, the farme 
she hath dur[ing] her life (and after the decease of my 
son, and his Daughter my whole Estate in Winnessimit 
to be an annual Encouragement to some Godly Ministers 
and preachers, and such as may be such, whoe shall be by 
my Trustees judged faithfull to those principles in Church 
discipline which are owned and practised in the first 
Church of Christ in Boston of which I am a member A 
maime [main] one whereof is. That all 

Jurisdiction is Committed by Christ to each perticular 
organical Church, from which there is noe Appeal, visable 
Saintship being the matter, and Express Covenanting the 
forme of the Church. For the regular disposing this Es- 
tate according to my true intention I doe request, consti- 
tute and appoint Mf John Oxenbrige, Mf James Allen 
Teaching officers to the first Church of Christ in Boston 
Mr. John Russell of Hadley and Mr. Anthony Stoddard 
Shopkeeper in Boston to be feoffees in trust and Execf to 
this my last Will, and their Heires and Exef for ever : and 
in case of Death or any other removal! whereby either of 
them are incappable of Acting (being soe judged by the 
rest) power is hereby given to the rest to Elect one or 
more in his or their steed whoe shall have the same 



10 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

power, and that three of these consenting shall make any 
valid act. I doe desire them to observe those instructions 
following : 

1. My Will is that in convenient time a Ministers 
House and Meeting house be built at Winesimet when 
sufficient be received out of the Kent. 

2. That Lotts for Dwellers and Inhabitants be given 
out and Conveniency of Land to the Minister's house. 

3. That four or Six more or less young Students be 
brought up for the Ministry as the Estate will beare.. 

4. That something be allowed yearely to any Godly 
Congregational Minister whoe shall be willing to Settle 
in that place. 

5. That my trustees take care of my beloved Wife to 
give her Counsell as she need, and helpe her as far as 
they can in the quiet Enjoyment of her Estate and receiv- 
ing of her rents. 

6. That the Trustees meet twice a yeare at Least as 
often else as they can or is need and that they be allowed 
what is meet for each meeting. 

7. That they allow annually as they shall thinke fitt to 
a godly Congregational Minister quallified as above for 
his further support. 

8. That every Quarter of the Yeare one Sermon be 
preached to instruct the people in Boston in Church 
Discipline, according to the word of God ; and such com- 
petent allowance be given to each of them as my trustees 
shall judge fit or sufficient 

I declare this to be my Last Will and testament and 
hereby null any other. Signed and Sealed in the presents 
of us. Richard Bellingham and a scale Eight and Twen- 
tieth of November, Sixteen hundred Seventy two. 

AUGUSTIN LiNDON. 

William Kilcup. 
Edmund Rainger. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 11 

Att a meeting of John Leverett Esqr. Depv* Governour 
with Edward Tyng Esqr. and William Stoughton Esqr. 
Assistants. December 19, 1672, Augustine Lindon, 
William Kilcup, and Edmund Rainger made Oath that 
they sett their hands as wittnesses to this Instrument 
and saw the late Governour Richard Bellingham Esqr, on 
the day of the date of it Signe Scale and publish it as his 
last will and testament and that when he soe did he was of 
a sound disposing mind to the best of their understanding 
this was then done as Attests Isaac Addington Recorder. 

Recorded and compared Decemf 23, 1672, p Isaac 
Adington RecT 

Whereas the late Honoured Governour Bellingham 
hath inserted my Name among the Execf of his Last will 
and testament this is to declare that in answer thereto 
that although I account it duty and should gladly attend 
the discharge of any service or any testemony of Honnf 
(within my small capacity) to so worthy a person and 
good a worke, yet the Consideration of my [blank] habi- 
tation in [blank] with that speciall worke where with I 
stand Charged, do bespeake a providentiall countermand 
to my casting in of my small mite in the attendance 
thereof and necessitate me to a non-acceptance of the 
same which I testify by my name Subscribed who am 
your worships ever to command John Russell. 

Recorded and compared Octob. 31, 1673. p Freegrace 
Bendall Rec! Boston October 29, 1673. Acknowledged 
the same day before John Leverett Governour William 
Stoughton Assis : ^ 

Vide page 442. 

WARRANTS AGAINST MAKEMIE AND HAMPTON FOR PREACHING 

WITHOUT LICENSE. 

Whereas I am informed that one Makeiian, and one 
Hampton two Presbyterian Preachers, who lately came to 

^ See note on page 99 for some account of this will. — Eds. 



12 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

this City, have taken upon them to preach in a privat 
House, without having obtained my License for so doing, 
which is directly Contrary to the known Laws of Eng- 
land; And being likewise informed that they are gon 
into Long-Island with intent there to spread their perni- 
cious Doctrines and Principles, to the great disturbance 
of the Church by Law established, and of the Government 
of this Province : You are therefore hereby Required ; 
and Comanded to take into your Custody the bodies of 
said Makenan and Hampton, and them to bring with all 
convenient Speed, before me at Fort- Anne in New-York. 
And for so doing this shall be your sufl&cient Warrant. 
Given under my hand at Fort-Anne this 24*? day of 
January, 170f. Cornbury. 

To Thomas Cardale JEJsqr, high Sheriff of QueerCs' 
County on Long-Island or to his Deputy, 

Seal. 

You are hereby Required and commanded to take into 
your Custody the bodies of Francis Makemie and John 
Hampton, and them safely keep till farther orders ; and 
for so doing this shall be your sufficient Warrant. Given 
under my hand and Seal this 23*^ day of January, 170^.^ 

To Ehenezer Wilson JEJsqr. High Sheriff of New 
York. 

^ Makemie's Trial, so called, as he seems to have been looked upon as 
the chief offender, was a curious proceeding. 

Judging by one, and perhaps the only full, account of it which has been 
preserved, it must have been little better than a persecution for so-called non- 
conformity. At all events, from a religious as well as a legal point of view, 
it could not fail to have interested Sewall, as illustrating the difficulty of main- 
taining an established form of church worship in a community where those 
opposed to it vastly outnumbered its supporters, and were steadily increasing 
from year to year. 

Francis Makemie and John Hampton, the latter being arrested and 
imprisoned for a short time with Makemie, but subsequently discharged 
without trial, as ** a man of less interest," were two Presbyterian ministers. 
In Hie course of their labors or ** strowlings," as Cornbury would have called 
them, they had occasion to visit his Lordship's dominion of New York. 
Wliile there, at the request of a number of the inhabitants, but without 
having secured the consent of Cornbury, they held a meeting in a private 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 13 



BLANK LICENSE TO PREACH. 

To Greeting. 

I doe hereby License and Tolerat you to be Minister of 

the Presbyterian Congregation at and to have and 

exercise the free Liberty and use of your Religion, pur- 
suant to Her Majesties pleasure therein signified to me 
in Her Royal Instructions ; for and during so long Time 
as to me shall seem meet. And all Ministers and others 
are hereby Required to take notice hereof. Given under 
my hand and Seal at Fort-Anne in New- York. 

house, but, as alleged, open to the public. This stirred up the ire of Corn- 
bury, who, although he had entertained them at dinner on their arrival, 
was a zealous member of the Church of England, and did not relish their 
doctrines. 

He accordingly had both of them arrested and held to answer for preach- 
ing without permission. 

The conduct of the trial, which did not take place for more than six 
weeks after the parties were arrested, is quite remarkable, so far as observ- 
ance of strict rules of pix)cedure is concerned, and showed considerable 
ability and legal knowledge on the part of counsel. The bill of indict- 
ment against Makemie, in brief, charged him with preaching without the 
permission of the Governor, in whom, it was alleged, vested the supreme con- 
trol of such matters by express authority from the Crown. The defendant, 
after proving licenses to preach, granted to him by the colonies of Virginia 
and Maryland, proceeded at great length, and with the help of no less than 
three counsel, to show that there was nothing in the common or statute law 
of England to hold him; and so far as the individual authority of the Gov- 
ernor was concerned, that it could not exist without promulgation ; moreover 
that there was an act of the Assembly of New York in force which expressly 
gi-anted exemption to preachers of his persuasion. Without going into de- 
tails, it is sufficient to say, that after numerous delays and a long and tedious 
sitting, the jury, although carefully selected with a view to conviction, found 
the defendant not guilty. But before getting free, the unfortunate man 
was obliged to pay a heavy bill of costs to the government, besides his own 
counsel fees, and, to crown all, was threatened with another and even more 
groundless cause of arrest, so the account says, which compelled him to leave 
the province in great haste. For the exceedingly interesting details of this 
trial, see Force's Tracts, Vol. IV. 

During the long period of imprisonment which intervened before the case 
was reached, when both ministers were confined, and obliged to pay at the 
rate of 40 «. per week, they employed a portion of the time in soliciting the 
ministers of Boston to write to some friends in London to lend them a help- 
ing hand. See Hutchinson's Hist, of Mass. II. 125, note, for a copy of a 
letter sent to London in response to this appeal. — Eds. 



14 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



COMMERCIAL RESTRICTIONS: HIS MAJESTY'S INSTRUCTIONS. 

Hampton-Coukt, 27tb September, 1717. 

It is OUT further Will and Pleasure that you doe not 
for the future pass any Act which may any ways affect 
the Trade or Shipping of this our Kingdom without a 
clause expressly declaring that the said Act shall not be 
in force untill it be approved and confirmed by us our 
Heirs or Successours, And you are to signify our Plea- 
sure herein to the Council and Assembly of our Province 
and Territory of the Massachusetts Bay in New-England 
under your Government, and to take care that the same 
be punctually observed for the future Upon Pain of our 
Highest Displeasure. Read in Council, May 20, 1718. 

Read in the House of Representatives, June 10, 1718. 



MOSES NOTES TO SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Much Honoured Sr, — Yours I received of April 15 
with two Sermons of M' Colman and Mf Cooper, and 
three News-Letters, and am ashamed that my returns of 
acknowledgment and thanks, for this and former great 
Kindnesses have been so long delayed. I could plead 
many excuses for my neglect but I chuse to cast my Self 
on your Candour for Pardon. It was exceedingly refresh- 
ing to me to hear from an ancient Acquaintance and so 
worthy a Friend as your Self. 

Most of my Contemporaries are gon out of the World. 
I have thro' the patience and goodness of God lived to see 
many Yonger and better than my SeU go to the Grave. 
I was bom according to my Fathers Book December 6"*, 
1643, and if I live till that Day in this Year shall be 
eighty years of Age. It was the time of the Civill warrs 
in England, and I have lived to see great Changes but it 
continues an evil world still ; but I believe and hope that 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 15 

God in his Due time will restore all things and bless his 
Name for what good is in the Earth. It was an awful 
stroke of Providence in taking away Mr. Pierpont in 
whose assistance I promised my seK much benefit to the 
Place and much Ease and Comfort to my self, and it is the 
more astrictive, because our Young Men are feared to be 
infected with Arminian and Prelatical notions ; so that it 
is Difficult to supply his Place. It was a wrong Step 
when the Trustees by the Assistance of Great Men re- 
moved the College from Saybrook, and a worse when 
they put in Mr. Cutler for Rector. The first movers for 
a College in Conecticut alledged this as a Reason, because 
the College at Cambridge was under the Tutorage of Lati- 
tudinarians, but [ho]w well tha[t] ha[s] [tom] the Event 
sadly manifests. But God is only wise and will produce 
Glory to his Name out of the Weaknesses, and follies of 
Men. Had Mr. Pierpont lived I hoped this Summer to 
have liberty to come into the Bay, and have seen and 
Discoursed my Friends and Acquaintance who yet re- 
main, but God hath otherwise ordered, to which I must 
Submit ; 

The Lord grant us an Happy meeting in Heaven 

Your Friend and Serv* 

MosES Notes. 

Lyme, Sept. 3, 1723. 

Rec^ 7^ 11*?, 1723. 



memoranda. 

Mr. Sam* Hirst's Funeral. 

Mr. Fr. WUloughby's Note, 32 19 6. 

[Tue8]day, Sept^ 7», 1697. 

Received of Sam? Sewall the Award [tom], Sam! Parris's 
Bond; to be delivered to Nathan! [<on»], Daniel Andrews 
senf, Joseph Herrick senf, Thomas Putnam, Joseph 



16 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Putnam Agents or Attorneys for the Inhabitants of Salem 
Village, or either of them : I say Reed p me 

EZEKIEL ChEEVER.* 

promises to bring a 
p" I [Spanish dollar]. 

Capt Peregrine White 1620, Nov! 

Major William Bradford : 1624. 

Elizabeth Alden (now Paybody) 1625. 

Alexander Standish. 

Capt John Alden 1627.^ 

London Gazette June 27 ^ July 1, 1700. No. 3614.^ 

Hampton Court ; June 27. 

The King was pleased this day to declare in Council, 
That the publick affairs requiring his Maj" going over to 
Holland for a short time ; He has anointed Thomas Ld. 
A Bp. Canterbury ; 

Sir Nathan Wright, Kt. Ld. Keeper of the great Seal 
of Engld ; 

Thomas Earl Pembrook and Montgomery, Ld. president 
of the Council ; 

* This entry probably relates to a controversy between Rev. Samuel 
Parris, whose name is associated with the Witchcraft delusion, and the 
inhabitants of Salem Village, now Danvers, as a religious society. Parris's 
connection with the church terminated on the last Sabbath in June, 1696; 
but he refused to give up the parsonage and some adjoining land, claiming 
to hold them by vote of the town, as part of his settlement. This claim 
led to a controversy which was carried into court, and from thence referred 
to arbitrators consisting of Wait Winthrop, Elisha Cooke, and Samuel 
Sewall. By their award they gave him the arrearages of his salary and 
the sum of £79.9.6, and required him to quitclaim the parsonage and land. 
The Ezekiel Cheever, who signs for the receipt of these documents, was a 
member of the Danvers Church. — Eds. 

2 These are probably dates of births. — Eds. 

• Sewall frequently cites the London Gazette, which began to be pub- 
lished Nov. 7, 1665, and still continues; but with the exception of Nos. 2574, 
for July 14, 1690, 2576, for July 21, and 2589, for Sept. 4, 1690, in the Mass. 
Hist. Soc. Library, and No. 3790, for March 9, 1701, in the Antiquarian 
Society's Library, at Worcester, no copy which could have belonged to 
Sewall is found in any of the libraries where it would be looked for. The 
first twenty-three numbers were called **The Oxford Gazette." — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 17 

John Viscount Lonsdale, Ld. privy Seal ; 

William Duke of Devonshire, Ld. Steward of his Maj" 
Houshold ; 

Edward Earl of Jersey, Ld. Chamberlain of his Maj" 
Houshold ; 

John Earl of Bridgewater, first Comissioner of the 
Admiralty ; 

John Earl of Marlborough, Governour to his Highness 
the D. Glouster ; 

and Ford Earl of Tankerville, First Comissioner of the 
Treasury ; 

to be Lords Justices of England for the Administration 
of the Government during his Maj' Absence. 

Portsmouth ; June 28^\ Rear- Admiral Benbow arrived 
last night at S' Helen's with His Maj" ships the Glocester 
and Lyim from New-England. 

Advertisements . 
The works of Mr. Abraham [Cow]ley &c. 9^ Edition 

[torn]} 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO [DANIEL GOOKIN?]. 
Copy of [a] Letter [torn] at Cambridge [illegible] paper [torn]. 

Courteous friend, — [tom'] would be Time's abuse for 
[torn] tell you ; Give me notwithstanding leave to put you 
in mind that Ovid [torn] his De TristilmSy with 

Parve {nee invxdeo) sine me, liber ^ ibis [in urbem] ; 
Hei mihij quod domino non licet ire t%io, 

I must needs confess, amongst all the Comauds (un- 
worthy the [torn'] I these Lines at departure, I could 
scarce afford them that sweet \tom'] {Nee intndeo) knowing 
there was some likelihood of their arriving safe at your 

^ For Sewall*s connection with the printing-press, and the business of 
bookselling, see Sewall's Diary, I. 57, and Thomas's Hist. Printing, 275. — 
Eds. 

VOL. I. — 2. 



18 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Hand, and in Cambridge. Neither may it seem alto- 
gether strange ; if you consider that Rome, in all her 
Pomp and Glory ; (though she might brag of her Julius 
and Augustus) could not be so much to so Noble a Man, 
and Poet ; as that Town must needs be to me. I return 
you 1000. Thanks for your loving Letter and News. Here 
is little I can acquaint you with, unless you would call 
old things new. Sir Gerrish preaches a Monethly Lecture 
here. Sir Bayly intends to see the College in the 
spring ; in order to the taking of his 2^ Degree : Sir Ger- 
rish seems otherwise bent. The College Interest, I fear, 
is remissly promo ved here. Sir Bayly tells me, that Mr. 
Wheelwright read the printed paper on a Lecture-day, 
and preached a sermon de indusiria, concerning the Col- 
lege ; with many uses exhortatory. But Lf his Auditors 
be, as some are ; the pines on the beach will give more 
attention than they. As to that you wrote to me con- 
cerning my Father's sending for me home : It was be- 
cause he heard I was not well ; and imagind I might do 
better here : the rather, I believe, mov'd thereto by the 
example of Sir Bayly, and Sir Gerrish. I hope this will 
not in all respects, prove a barren soil to me (though in 
respect of studies). For you know that Prosperity is 
too fullsom a diet for any man, especially a student; 
unless seasond with some grains of Adversity. Concern- 
ing Lordane, by Corruption, Lurdane ; its enetymology 
beat almost as firmly into me, as the doctrine of Solid 
orbs, into you (Give me leave, in small matters, to usurp 
grand Examples). Though your English Dictionary car- 
rys it another way, deriving it from a French word ; 
and blaming this. Pray consult it. It troubles me to 
hear of the news that somway concerns Kartland. You 
(I thank you) acted the part of a Comedian in writing to 
me. But I must return such as the Country affords, 
though out of kind ; viz. Tragedies. Here is one piece 
of cruelty ! for a Midwife aplied that to the drawing an 



letter-boob: op samuel sewall. 19 

Infant out of Nature's field, which we were wont to lend • 
Kckerill, when we intended to give them a lift towards 
resigning their watery plain near the West-field. Here 
have died two men ; one about 30. years old ; by name 
Abiel Summerby — vestras si cordigU aures. the other 45., 
since my coming up. Besides one of my loving friends, 
which longed for a son a long time ; and at last had a 
dead one ; or at least one disputably alive. Here was 
one, who be[i]ng call'd to give in a Testimony, answered 
nothing but Ba Ra Ba with great deliberation: which 
expressions though very pathetical, and figurative ; yet to 
a Civil Judge provd insignificant. And indeed, it would 
have puzzled a very discreet and learned man to have 
apprehended the strength of the Axiom that was begirt 
and swadled with so many Vinculums. One thing more, 
with which (because it concerns my self) I will conclude. 
Reinord, a base thief, broke open two of our houses, and 
robb'd us of the fellow which should daily mind us in the 
begiiiing of the day Diluculo mrgere. Pray enquire of 
some in the College who have studied Law, whether (if 
ever we have oportunity to bring him to Trial) We caiiot 
make it Burglary: If we can; He will hardly escape 
with his Life. Your Unkle, and Aunt Woodman desire 
kindly to be Bemembered to you; as also little Betty. 
She can Bead, and Spin passing well ; Things {Me saUem 
Judke) very desirable in a Woman. She read through 
one Volume [of] the Book of Martyrs, in three Moneths 
space; improving only leisure times [at] Night. My 
Father and Mother send Comendations to you. Prethee 
present my service to Mr. Nowell, Mr. Bichardson ; and 
in special, to Mr. Brown my Tutor, Tell Him (if you think 
good) that I have a lively Hope of seeing him in the 
Spring. 

Bemember me kindly to all our Class ; jointly and sev- 
erally named. In fine, to all, who (moved by a Principle 
of Love) may make inquiry concerning me. Now, lest I 



20 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

write SO much, that I detain you [from'] reading any, I ear- 
nestly entreat that you would overlook all Errata ; espe- 
cially respecting the writer's Wilderness-Condition. For 
you know, [an] inch breaks no square in a load of Logs. 

I Rest your obliged friend, 

Samuel Sewall.^ 

Newbury; 16 Calend-Martij, 1671. 

^ This letter, of the date of 1672, the earliest in Sewall's Letter Book, 
aud oue of the few written by so young a graduate of the Ck>llege, which 
has been preserved, possesses considerable interest, aud will repay a care- 
ful examination. It gives pleasing glimpses of Se wall's character, a reflex 
view of college life, and an interesting fact in its history. Sewall graduated 
at Harvard College in 1671 ; and not long after became a Resident Fellow, 
and so remained for more than two years. Sometime before the close of his 
first year of residence, in consequence of the father's solicitude in respect 
to his son's health, as we learn from this letter, he was called home to New- 
bury, at which place the letter was written March 16, 1672. To whom it 
was addressed does not appear, the name having been written at the top of 
the sheet, which is quite worn away; but his intimacy with Gookin, of the 
class of 1669, who succeeded Sewall as Librarian, renders it not improbable 
that he was the unknown correspondent. 

**Sir Gerrish," H. C. 1669, was afterwards the minister of Wenham. 
** Sir Bayley" is Jacob Bayley, H. C. 1669. The Mr. Wheelwright men- 
tioned in the letter could have been no other than the Rev. John Wheelwright, 
who, having shaken the colony to its centre in the Antinomian controversy, 
and having been the friend of Cromwell in the later days of the Protectorate, 
as he had been at the University, finally returned to New England, where he 
was settled as minister at Salisbury in 1662, and there he died in 1679. The 
year 1672 is memorable in the history of the College. It is the third of the 
five years before 1700 in which no class graduated. In it Leonard Iloar was 
made president, — the first graduate of the College who attained to that dis- 
tinction. But it is chiefly memorable as the year in which forty-four towns 
— of which Newbury was one — made contributions amounting to £2277.6.2, 
for the erection of the new Harvard Hall, which was completed in 1682, and 
destroyed by fire in 1764. Sewall does not tell his correspondent where 
Wheelwright read **the printed paper" — which may have been a circular 
letter from the college authorities soliciting contributions, — nor where he 
preached the sermon in behalf of the College ; but presumably in his own 
parish at the neighboring town of Salisbury. But wherever it may have 
been, it is a fact worth gleaning from this rather obscure contemporaneous 
letter, that Wlieelwright was an active friend of the College, as well as of 
the colony which had treated him with harshness. 

Sewall's language implies a familiar acquaintance with the word Lordane^ 
and the discussion of its etymology between fellow-collegians justifies the 
conjecture that it was in common use in those days to denominate a dullard. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 21 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO STEPHEN DUMMER. 
To Vhckle Stephen Dufher, 

Boston, N. E., Feb^ 15^, 168|. 

Sir, — Being acquainted of a small vessel's touching at 
Southampton, wherein C[ousin] J. Dumer is interested, I 

The editors have been uuable to ascertain which of the English Dictionaries 
was then in use at Cambridge, and therefore cannot consult it as Sewall 
advises his friend to do; but two quotations, one from Cole^s English 
Dictionary^ London, 1677, and another from Bailey^s Dictionary, ed. 1802 
(some of the earlier editions omitting the word), will make clear Se wall's 
enigmatical sentence. And two other quotations will throw light on the 
proverb with which his letter closes. 

Cole gives Lour dan, Lordane, Lund an (not from the Danes Lording it 
idly while others labored, but from the French Lourd, Lourdant, — din), a 
Dunce, or Blockhead. 

Bailet gives {uSSS*,} (some derive this of Lord and Dane, because the 
Danes when they had the government in England, enjoined the better sort 
of people to maintain a Dane in their houses, as a spy and curb upon them ; 
it is full as likely derived from Lourdane, F. signifying the same), a dull, 
heavy fellow ; a lazy lubber. 

Sewall says, *' An inch breaks no square in a load of logs." An inch 
breaketh no square. Heywood's Proverbs, 1562. Perad venture a day or 
two more will break no square. Chamberlain'* s Letter to Dudley Carlton, 
March 6, 1600-1. Some add, in a burn of thorns. ** Pour un petit ni 
avant ni arrifere.** Fr. Ray's Proverbs, Bohn's edition, p. 107. Sewall *s 
addition, **in a load of logs," is probably an application of his own sug- 
gested by his ** Wilderness condition." 

The editors are not aware whether so unlikely a book as Ovid (though a 
favorite with the puritan John Milton) was a text-book at Harvard when 
Sewall was there. See post, p. 238. If so, that fact would account for his 
familiarity with the less generally read poems by that author. But that he 
possessed a fine sense of the possible reading of nee invideo, is evident when 
he withdraws it from the message which accompanies the lett^ soon to touch 
the hand of his friend so far removed from his own affectionate grasp. 

What were the ** Cambridge Comedies " transmitted to Sewall by his 
correspondent we may never know, but the ** Country Tragedies " are lugu- 
brious enough to cast a gloom even over those sad times, though not wanting 
in a certain grim humor, which brings the obstetrical fish-hook of the colony 
into sharp comparison with the rat- tail file of the Commonwealth, and 
marks the immense stride of civilization in two centuries. The narrative 
also reveals a personal trait of Sewall in his love for country sports. 

So far everything in Setrall's letter yields to a show of critical insight; 
but of the " Axiom that was begirt and swadled with so many Vinculums," 
the editors have only had notions so transient and illusory that they decline 
to express them in the vernacular. — Eds. 



22 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

was glad of the convenience for Conveyance to B. Stoke. 
It pleased God to give me a young son bom December 
7, last past ; and to take him away upon the 22**. of the 
same Moneth. At his Baptism December 13, I named 
him Henry; but he never liv'd to see his Grandfather, 
or be seen by him, whose Name he bore. Haye now 
four children living ; two Sons and two Daughters ; ^ and 
need your help in prayer to God, that with submissive 
Job, I may bless the Lord, both when He gives and takes. 
My Brother at Salem hath buried 2 Stephens, all his 
stock: the last, the latter end of January. We are all 
in competent health, and so they are at Newbury. My 
sister Mehetabel Moodey hath a Daughter. Expect to see 
cousin NatW your son shortly. He hath winter'd at Sa- 
lem ; and have had very deep snow and extream difl&cult 
Travailing. 

The best News that I can think to speak of from 
America, is, that Mr. John Eliot, through the good hand 
of God upon him, hath procured a second Edition of the 
Bible in the Indian Language ; ^ so that many Hundreds 
of them may read the Scriptures. Lord sanctify them 
by thy Truth, thy word is Truth. As to the Design of 
Converting them, we in N. E. may sorrowfully sing the 
127. Psalm. Except the Lord build the House, they 
Labour in vain that build. I am persuaded twould be 
a most acceptable sacrifice to God, importunatly to be- 
seech Him* to put his Hand to that work, and not in a 
great measure as it were to stand and look on. Dr. Thor- 
owgood writ a Treatise above 30. years ago, entitled 
Jews in America^ shewing the Americans to be of Abra- 
ham's Posterity. If so, the day of their Espousals will 
make all the Christian World glad, and the Rich among the 
People will desire their favour. How advantagious then 
and seasonable would it be by a holy anticipation to desire 

* John,* Sam, Hanah, Eliza, Hull, Henry.* 
' Ind. Bible 2d Edition. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 23 

favour of God for them ; Especially seeing 'tis hop'd the 
set time to favour Zion is very near come. That worthy 
person's Arguments are not easily avoided. However, 
be they of any other extract yet I hope the time will 
come when they shall be delivered into the glorious lib- 
erty of the sons of God ; of which have had some First- 
fruits. Should but God open this Morning -Womb, as 
Rachel's of old, the Converted would become numerous 
like the Drops of Dew, and God would settle his Abode, 
and no Longer content Himself with a moveable Taber- 
nacle; but we should see the divine illustrious Temple 
mentioned Rev. 11. 19. 

The stream of this discourse hath carried me further 
than I was aware, being very desirous of the Americans 
Wellfare here, in New-Spain and elsewhere ; which may 
be much forwarded by the Ministers and Christians in 
England helping together with their compassionate desires 
to God. Never a more adequat subject of Pity. My 
Duty to your seK and good Aunt, and other my Unkle, 
and Aunts as named. Love to my Cousins, whom not to 
know, is some Affliction to me. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO DOROTHY RIDER. 

To Aunt Dorothy Rider} 

March 1, 168f . 

Honoured Aunt, — Although I have now written 
to my Unckle Dumer ; yet I add this, inclosing it in his 
Letter, that so might thereby signify to you the sympathy 
I have with you respecting the malady you have been so 
long exercised with. *T will be some time this Moneth, 

* See Sewall's Diary, L 294, referring to an entry in the ** Almanac " 
made daring Sewall's visit to England, viz. : *' Saw the stone of my Aunt 
Rider's Grave. She died March 21, 168|. Lies in Baddesly burying 
place." As we find no mention of Aunt I>orothy in the Sewall pedigree, 
the relationship was apparently on his mother's side. — Eds. 



24 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

ten years ago that my Unkle's Letter was dated, wherein 
an account is given of your having undergon great misery 
by reason of some eating thing in your face ! By my 
Brother Stephen I hear of it's continuance. 'Twill be 
good for you to remember, that the Physician who cured 
the woman that had been diseased 12. years, is yet alive. 
Mark. 5. 25. And He is as mindfuU and able to cure 
you, as her; and will, I hope, do that which shall be most 
behooffuU for you. Good wife Little (once my Grand- 
mother's Maid) liv'd in sore pain for many years before 
her death. My Mother hath been but sick and weak this 
Winter ; but now through mercy is be[tter]. The Family 
well, so far as I know. Have no news to write of [tom'] 
Concernment save that [thQ winter was more severe than] 
ordinary, as to depth and hardness of snow ; so that 'twas 
very diflBcult passing ; and in many places scarce possible. 
Many Cattell are like to be lost, People not being laid in 
with Hay answerable to the wether. Mr. Moodey^ dwells 
here in Town, preaching every Sabbath, and in his turn 
upon the Thorsday-Lecture. The New GovT of New- 
Hampshire made Portsmouth (of which He was Pastor, 
i! e. the church there) too hot for him. Am glad to hear 
that Baddesly doth sometimes enjoy the Labours of Mr. 
Hardy, of whom (by Mr. Oakes sometime of Tichfield) 
I have heard : though am sorry for Pool's bereavement. 
God yet continues us in the Possession of our Priviledges ; 
ecclesiastical and civil ; though we have deserv'd to be 
tum'd out long ago.^ The Lord that hath helped us 

1 Rev. Joshua Moodey of Portsmouth, N. IL incurred the enmity of 
Governor Cranfield and was imprisoned. Having been released upon con- 
dition that he would preach no more in New Hampshire, he became, May 23, 
1684, assistant minister of the First Church, Boston. Drake's Biog. Diet. ; 
also Ellis's Hist, of the First Church in Boston, 139. — Eds. 

* Sewall alludes to the anticipated change in the government which took 
place on the 25th of May following, after the overthrow of the first charter, 
when Joseph Dudley, the president, and his council met, published by proc- 
lamation their commission from the King, and took possession of the gov- 
ernment, comprising the northern portion of New England. Nor were his 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 25 

hitherto, make us duely sensible of oiir own Condition, 
and yours. 

I have now been married more than ten years, have 
buried two sons, and have two sons and two Daughters 
living, for whom and their Mother and my self, I desire 
your Prayers, that we may have the light of Life, and 
may be prepared for the coming of our Lord whensoever 
and howsoever it be. Mr. Cobbet of Ipswich, an ancient 
and very worthy Minister dyed the 5^^ of Novf last; 
Several young very desirable Ministers lately dead. 

Salutations, concluded. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

March 6, 168 1. Writt to Mr. Samuel Mather of Windsor 
inclosing two Almanacks, one for himself, the other for 
Mr. Taylor. 

N. sent p Jn? Perry, and paid 3** Postage. 

March 13^^. Writt to Mr. Josiah Arnold in Answer of 
his dated 6. before ; told him I aprov'd highly of build- 
ing a House on Point Judith and would pay my propor- 
tion of the Charge ; propounded Bristow for a place of 
Meeting : left it to them to apoint a Time and send me 
word : Left it to Major Walley, if I not there. March 13^^ 
168 1. Writt to Major John Walley, enclosing Mr. Arnold's ; 
entreated him to act for me, in case I should not be upon 
the place ; because sickliness of my Family many times 
hindred.^ This as to the Pettaquamscot Purchasers.^ 

progDOstications of evil — ecclesiastical as well as civil — without foundation, 
as the event showed. Palfrey's Hist. N. E. III. 492. — Eds. 

* ^ Mr. Reynolds. 

* The complete history of the " Pettiquamscut purchase," as it is called, 
including Point Judith, may be found in the Rhode Island Hist. Soc. Col. 
(1835) 275 et seq. Sewall frequently refers to it in his Letter-Book. He 
got his share in the property through his wife Hannah, who was the daughter 
of John and Judith (whence the name of the Point) Hull. 

John Hull was one of the original purchasers from the Indians. The 



26 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL DUMMEB. 

To Cousin Nathaniel Durher. 

March 15, 168{. 

Loving Cousin, — I have not, to my knowledge, an- 
swered yours of October 20, which gave me the good 
news of your safe arrival at Salem after a tedious Passage. 
That which now puts me in mind of thanking you for that 
Remembrance, and writing to you, is the news we have 
here since your going home ; how that the Small Pox does 
greatly rage at Barbados still : so that am unwilling you 
should venture thither, lest you should help to make up 
the tale of those that die of that mortal disease. 'Twould 
be very grievous to my Unkle if it should so fall out ; and 
I should not know well how to answer it, &c. &c. &c. 



boandaries of the property including Point Judith may be traced in the 
Yolume of Collections above referred to. The Narragansett property, as it 
was also called, was retained in the Sewall family until the American Rev- 
olution, when what remained was confiscated Subsequently, however, by 
order of the Legislature, a portion of the farm at Point Judith was set off 
to Hannah Sewall. The land was situated in what is now Kingston or 
South Kingston. Several disputes arose among the various owners of the 
original tract of land, which were finally settled by an agreement between 
the parties. See Ibid. 286. 

It appears also that Judge Sewall conveyed away large portions of his 
share during his lifetime. For instance, in 1696, he disposed of what is 
called " lot No. 4 in the N. W. part of the purchase to Harvard College, 
*for and towards the support and education at the said college of such 
youths whose parents may not be of sufficient ability to maintain tliem 
there, especially such as shall be sent from Pettaquamscut aforesaid, Eng- 
lish or Indians,' *' &c. The college sold this property about the year 1830. 
Shortly before this conveyance Sewall also disposed of another lot for the 
cause of education, or as he describes it, ^^ toward the procuring, settling, 
supporting, aod maintaining a learned, sober and orthodox person from 
time to time, and at all times forever hereafter, to instruct the children 
and youths of the above-mentioned town of Pettaquamscut, as well English 
there settled, or to be settled, as Indians the aboriginal natives and pro- 
prietors of the place, to read and write the English language and the rules 
of grammar." This school continued for quite a long period at what is 
known as Tower Hill, but, in 1823, was removed by the Legislature to Kings- 
ton, when the land was sold and trustees appointed to hold and invest the 
proceeds and take charge of the school Ibid. 291. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 27 



MEMORANDUM. 



April 20, 1686. Writt to Brother St. Sewall p Mr. 
Gardener, that he would meet us next week on Monday, 
in order to our going^ to Newbury with Little Hull ; and 
to come over in case he met us not. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO FRANCIS BOND. 

To Mr. Francis BoncC^ cotes. NatN: Durher. 

April 22, 1686. 

Sir, — It seems the Settlement of the estate left p Mr. 
Henry Higginson deceased, is comitted to your seK and 
Mr. Klgrim : Now I sent Mr. Pilgrim p Mr. NatW Green sev- 
eral Papers to make apear what Goods Mr. Higginson had 
of mine in his hands as a Factor. These are therefore to 
intreat your Honour's favour and Assistance in procuring 
my just due, and sending in proper effects of your Hand 
to Mr. Ed. Hull at the Hat in hand within Algate ; or 
remitting the Money to him which you shall disern most 
for my Benefit, wherein you shall greatly {me or two lines torn] 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JAMES NOTES. 

To Mr. James Noyes. 

April 21, 1686. 

Sir, — I now send you enclosed Deacon Tompson's 
Receipt : Had done it long agoe ; but expected Mr. Fiske 
or Tomson might have enclosed one in mine, which I 
find not, suposing they may have writt some other way. 
Have now the sad news to send of the death of Mr. 
Seaborn Cotton of Hampton, 'Tis said he departed yester- 
day or Monday. 

All our friends well so far as I hear. Have thoughts of 
going towards Newbury next week to see if the change of 
Air will help my young son against his illnesses especially 



28 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Convulsions. Please to accept of the enclosed sermon 
preached <p Mr. Cotton in England when the motion was 
among God's People as to coming over into N. England. 
Post sc. Twas Mr. Tomson's choice to have a Goblet, by 
which I got not a Farthing. Mrs. York's name and the 
year fairly engraven on it. Respects &c. 

Copy op the Receipt. 

February the 20*?, 168|. I Samuel Tomson Deacon of 
the Church of Christ at Braintrey have received of Sam. 
Sewall one silver Goblet to the value of fourty shillings 
in Money ; which is in full of a Legacy of fourty shillings 
bequeathed said church by Mrs. Joanna Yorke of Stoii- 
ington lately deceased. In witness whereof I have here- 
unto set my hand and seal the day and year first above 

written. In presence of 

Samel Tompson. sig. 

Elizabeth Lane. 

Mary Kay. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

May 28, 1686. Writt to Mr. Jn*? Fowle of Bermuda 
inclosing the 2 Proclamations put forth by the new Gov- 
ernment,^ as also Mr. Cotton's Sermon preach'd in Eng- 
land : writ of our election, Mr. Seaborn Cotton's Death, 
and the state of my Family. 

May 31. Writt to Mr. Ive with a Proclamation. Cant 
find Elisa Whidden to deliver the Letter inclosed in mine. 
Correspondents deal unfairly in Joshua Gee's business that 
they give not a positive Answere. Praying God to par- 
don the sin of the old Government and to keep the new 
from sining, take leave. 

^ See antCy page 24, note. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 29 

May 31. To Cousin Edw. Hull, received yours p Wild 
&c inclosing a Proclamation of the new Government. 
Brother will shortly send somthing considerable which I 
shall see to the accomplishment of. 

June 1, 1686. To Unkle Stephen Dumer, inclosing a 
Proclamation. Cousin Nath! Duiner sail'd to Barbados 
a Moneth since in a Ketch whereof was half-owner. 
Friends all well. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL WYLLTS. 

To Mr, Sam, WyUys^ at Antigtia} 

June 14, 1686. 

This and the enclosed are some of the many Letters 
sent directed to your self from Cousin AUin, wherefore 
would entreat you to take some effectual means to issue 
what is between you, and the rather because otherwise 
I shall bear no small part of the blame, as one remiss 
and negligent in his concerns notwithstanding his inces- 
sant importunity. The reason you received not these 
before, was a continual expectation of your coming to 
New England. Have an ample Letter of Attorney by 
me prov'd relating to this matter. 



MEMORANDUM. 

June 18, 1686. Writt to Father Sewall. Sent an Ac- 
count and several Things p Jonathan Woodman, viz : 8^ 
yards bl. Linnen with Tape and Thred, \ hundred Bisket, 
a glass of Pomgranat Juice and syrrup Cinamon mixt for 
Hull, &c 
a pair of shoes for Dorothy, Pound Raisins. 



INVOICE OF GOODS. 

Copy of an Invoice of 24. Barrels of Train-Oyle and 
39^ oz. Mexico and Pillar p" | shipped by Sam? Sewall on 

* V Jno Thwi[ng]. 



30 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

the two Brothers W? Welsteed commander for the proper 
Account and Risque of Mr. W? Sellen Merchant in London 
July 15, 1686. 

24 Barrels Oyle at 25» £30 

Triining and Nails 152 

Lightradge and Portridge 7 6 

Primage 060 

39 J oz. Mexico and Pillar at 6 & 9^ p [oz] . 13 6 4 

45 5 

Account of the Trunk of Habberdashery sent p Mr. 
Jolls in the year 1681 ; for Account of Mr. William Sellen 
p the direction of Mr. Daniel Allen. 

32-9-5 first cost overage 7-6^ so true sum is — £32 1 Jl 
Sold Mr. Joseph Wheeler for fourty eight pounds 3- to pay 
m the FaU 1682. £48 3 

Freight and other charges . . . 0-10-0 2 18 

Comission for sales 2- 8-0 £45 5 

2-18-0 
Letter, 

Mr. William Sellen and loving Cousin, I have shipped on 
the two Brothers W? Welsteed Commander 24 Barrels 
of Train Oyle. Those with the bunch of Grapes are 
Fish-oyle, the other Whale oyle, which with charges on 
Board comes to £31-18-8. For Bal. have sliiped like- 
wise for your Account Thirty nine ounces and an half of 
P" I Mexico and pillar at 6-9? p ounce as p Invoice and 
is the effects of a Trunk of Habberdashery received p 
Mr. Tho. Jolls by direction of Mr. Daniel Allen in the 
year 1681. The chief reason of this tediousness in mak- 
ing the Return was the death of the party to whom the 
Trunk was sold, which made it difficult to get in the 
Money ; and above £5 not yet received by reason of 
which delay shall not charge any thing for Returns. 
And with the Oyle and p" well to your Hands of which 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 31 

the Invoice and Bill of Lading you have inclosed p sir, 

your loving Kansman and serv* 

Sam. Sewall. 

samuel sewall to thomas glover. 

Boston, N. E., July 15, 1686. 

Mb. Thom. Glouer. 

Sir, — I received yours p Mr. Clark with the cottons and 
penistons and J doz. books which with the bill of exchange 
of 80^ amounts to 119-9-0- one hundred nineteen pounds 
and nine shillings. Have delivered Mr. Bawson his kersy 
and crape. I thank you for ready acceptance of my bill of 
which was informed and of the payment, by my corre- 
spondant before yours came to hand. Am grieved for the 
afflictions of France,^ yet glad to understand it seeing tis 
so. Our Letters that come by the [?] do now pas through 
the hands of Councillour Randolph. We are here exer- 
cised with a very sore Drought. Yesterday was observed 
as a publick Fast upon that occasion. Except God make 
hast to help us we shall be greatly straitned for want 
of grass and corn. The only son of Mrs. Ke[lland] wid- 
dow is to be buried this Afternoon. The small Pox is in 
town, only one hath dyed of it yet that I hear off. Sir, 
your friend and servt. 

WILLIAM NEEDHAM TO SAMUEL SEWALL. 

July 15, 1686. 

Mr. Sewall. 

Sir, — Be pleased to send for twenty duz. of Course 
haire Sive Bottoms; 

Ten duz. of middle Sive Bottoms not fine haire bottoms. 
5 duz. milke strainers : of the smaller sort. 



1 October 24, 1685, Louis XIV. had declared the revocation of the Edict 
of Nantes, published by Henry IV. of France in 1598, permitting to Protest- 
ants the free exercise of their religion. This impolitic measure of Louis 
XrV. led to the dispersion not only of French artisans to England, Holland, 
and Germany, but also of many valuable citizens to the American colonies. 
— Eds. 



32 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

6 duz. of Lawiie Sive bottoms not of the largest size : all 
to be bordered with redd leather, for the white leather 
rotts, the Lawne being drest with Allome. 

W? Needom. 
20 Doz. midleing Cod Hookes : 

50 Duz. of Large Cod Hooks the Last M' Ives sent wer 

not wel sesoned and Dear: 

20 Doz. of English Cod Lines : 

5 pe? of mixt Sad Col^ Serge of 40* p*? : 

5 Dit. of 30* pf : 

4 pe? of Lockrom of 11* or 12* Ell : 

2 pe^ of Dowlace of 15* Ell : 

2 Dit. of [Dowlace] 1 of 18* and one of 20* : 

6 pe^ of blew Duffals good Deep blew : 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

Boston N. E. July 15, 1686. 

Mb. Edwabd Hull. 

Sir, — The books and stuffs p Mr. Clark came safe, have 
sent p' the Two Brothers William Wellsted Commander a 
small trus of Bever In a box weighing sixteen pounds 
or better. There is inclosed in the top a Mapp of this 
Town [which] please to accept off.^ Shall have a bill of 
Exchange of 115£ which will make payable to your self 
but fear whether the Drawer will get it ready for this 
shipp : A neighbour of mine William Needom is willing 
to give his Brother Andrew Needom in Hoggin lane 
London five pounds ; and as he was wont with Capt Hull 
hath prevailed with me to serve him, wherefore I desire 

1 The map of Boston sent by Sewall to his correspondent in London 
must be of an earlier date than any which, so far as is known, has sur- 
vived to the present day. No mention is made of it in the list of Maps and 
Plans of Boston furnished by Mr. Winsor for the "Memorial History of Bos- 
ton," Vol. II. XLIX; and presumably it is different from the manuscript 
chart of the harbor, in the Brinley Collection, which, with reason, is assigned 
to a date subsequent to the arrival of Andros late in 1686. The recovery of 
the Sewall plan would be an event of more than local interest. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 33 

and order you to pay said Andrew Needom or Lis [?] order 
five pounds in mony and place it to my Debt taking a 
receipt or two of it, and advising me by the first after. 
Send twenty duz. of cours Hair sive bottoms. Ten Duz. 
of middle sive bottoms. No fine hair Bottoms. Five 
Duz. of milk strainers of the smaller sort Six. Duz of 
Lawn sive Bottoms, not of the Largest size, all to be bor- 
dered with reed Leather, for the white Leather rots the 
Lawn being dressed with AUome. Sent forward the first 
Bill saying intended it for Brother Stephen Sewall would 
write positively p the next. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO DANIEL ALLEN. 

To cousin Dart. Allen ^ the 2 Brothers TP* Wdsteed com''. 

July J 6, 1686.. 

Sir, — I am sorry, considering the many Letters I have 
received from you, that I should be able to return no 
more that might be to your satisfaction, and the answer of 
your expectation. Have for a long time looked for Mr. 
Willy's coming home : but hearing at last of his stay at 
Antego have sent a Letter or two of yours to him, re- 
inforcing it with my own. One Mr. Lord was Partner 
with him there. The Plantation is sold and the last pay- 
ment will not be made till about a 12°!® hence, as I am 
informed. If Mr. Willys can get any thing thence well 
and good ; else, I am afraid the Debt will be lost : for Mr. 
Lord hath taken away all, or most of what he had in 
N. E. which Lord dy'd coming home. Have sent Returns 
for the Trunk of Habberdashery of Mr. Sellen, which you 
sent in the year 1681. p JoUs. The death of the party 
to whom 'twas sold hath caused this delay in sending 
Returns. Five or six pounds not yet received. Invoice 
and Bill of Lading is inclosed in Mr. Sellen's under covert 
to your self. Enter'd 28*? December 1685. in the Book of 
Records of Suflfolk for Executions. The inclosed under 

VOL. I. — 8. 



34 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

the hand of the late clerk of the County Court describes 
a piece of ground taken by execution for satisfaction of 
Mr. Bendal's Debt. A ship-carpenter, one Perkins, im- 
proves it. Twont yield much I doubt p the year : but 
hope may sell to some value about which shall wait your 
further advice. S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

Boston, N. E. July 15, 1686. 

Mb. John Ive. 

Sir, — The Hobs and blew Linnin received p Foy which 
thought good to acquaint you with though at pr[e]sent 
have not much more to say, only I desire and order you 
to take my right of the freight the Two Brothers makes 
to London according to the orders of the master William 
Wellsted, and so of the price of the ship it [if ?] sold, 
which there will be mention of and I Incline to. Please to 
send 20 Duz. of middling cod hooks, 50 Duz. larg codd 
hooks ; the last you sent, are complained off, as not well 
seasoned and dear. Severall would bend out and come 
streight and not hold a Fish. 20 Duz. of English cod 
Lines sound and strong. 5 Peices of mixt sad colour? 
searg att 40" p?, 5 ditto att 30" p?. Four peices of Lock- 
rum att 11^ or 12^ p Ell. Two pi Dowlace att 15^ p" Ell. 
Two ditto one att 18^ and one att 20^. Six peices of blew 
duffals good deep blew. Send no more then what you 
shall have mony for in your hand. Could wish your cor- 
respondants would clear up the busines relating to Joshua 
Gee that persons concerned might be no longer held in 
suspense. Several shipps have been condemned here for 
trading contrary to the Acts. First court of Admiralty 
under the new Government was held the 5th Instant.^ 



1 Sir Edmund Andros, with enlarged powers and wider jurisdiction, 
superseded Dudley as governor, Dec. 20, 1686; and on the 30th, besides 
administering the oath of allegiance and of office to those associated with 
him in the goyemment, he took an oath, *'for observing the Acts of Trade 
and Navigation." From the above letter of Sewall to Ive, his mercantile 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 35 



MEMORANDUM. 

To Mr. Edward Taylor ^ Wm. Booker with Dr. OwerCs last piece^ 

to his wife for a Token, 

Infonn'd of my Receipt of IQ*? of said Booker, and my 
giving him up his Bond ; and of the Bain we had the sab- 
bath-day July 18?, 1686, and of the French Persecution ; 
and of the Death of Henry ^ and Hull,' and my wive's 
eye-sore. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Mr. Edw. HvU^ Welsteed.* 

July 20, 1686. 

In pursuance of mine of the 15? Instant, I write these. 
My Brother being now in Boston, have agree'd with him 
that the Bill of 115. £. on Mr. Barons Executors be for his 
Account. Wherefore so soon as received, dispose of it for 
that end. Shall send forward the 2? Bill by the next 
ship. 

HANNAH SEWALL TO LOVE FOWLE. 

Boston N. E. July 25, 1686. 
Mis. LOUE FOWLB. 

Good cousin, — My Husband writt to Mf Fowle the 
28*^ of May last after which viz. on June the 10 1 received 

correspondent in England, it appears that Dudley's goyemment took up the 
enforcement of these famous acts with great zeaL The non-observance of 
these acts by the colonists was one of the principal causes of the revocation of 
their charter; and their more stringent enforcement under the second charter, 
and especially after the fall of Quebec, in 1759, was influential in bringing on 
the conflict which resulted in the independence of the colonies. — Eds. 

1 Sewall's Diary, L 113. — Eds. 

« "Little Hull," Sewairs fifth child, bom July 8, 1684, died June 18, 
1686. Monday, April 26, 1686. — **I and my wife set out for Newbury with ^ 
little Hull." Friday, June 18. — " My dear Son, Hull Sewall, dyes at New- 
bury about one aclock." ** Brother Toppan gets hither to acquaint us on 
Satterday mom between 5 and 6. We set out about 8. I got to Newbury 
a little after sun-set." Ibid., 135, 143. — Eds. 

« Sails July 23 very fair wind. 



36 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

your kind Letter dated the 4^ of May upon which I 
made enquiry after the loving token you sent me, and 
the account I had was that they were half stolen before 
they came on board and the rest deUvered to Mr. Prout, 
who told us he received so few, would but in a manner 
pay the fraight, and knew not but they were for himself, 
and had eaten them up or near eaten them. I am sorry 
for the frustration of your intended kindness to me : but 
your desire is kindnes and that I have received and 
gratefully accepted And would entreat you to prevent 
the Inconvenience of being so deceived for the future, 
by forbareing to give yourself the trouble of sending. 
By Mf Fowle L understand the ships lye remote from 
you, and your people not acquainted with us, and we 
live out of the way. I am glad to hear of gods blessing 
you with children. I buried two sons Lately, one in 
December, and the other in June last, the first a fortnight, 
the second near 2 years old ; I have one son and two 
Daughters Living, Samuell, Hanah, Elizabeth. The Lord 
do me good by his various wayes of Providence towards 
me ; my service to your self and Mr. Fowle, with my 
Husbands I take leave who am your Loving obliged 

' . Hannah Sewall.^ 

Thorsday July 29, 1686. Nath! Man arrives 
being 7. weeks from Bristow.^ 



^ This is the only letter of SewalPs wife which is preserved in this col- 
lection. It gives pleasing impressions of her character, and of her talents as 
a letter-writer. On referring to her husband's memorandum of a letter to Mr, 
Fowle, as given ab6ve under date of May 28, we learn that the Fowles, 
probably husband and wife, were residents of Bermuda, whither Sewall had 
sent to the husband a somewhat miscellaneous assortment consisting of 
proclamations, a sermon, an election writ, news of the death of Seaborn 
Cotton, and of domestic affairs. In return for which, Mrs. Fowle sent to 
Mrs. Sewall a ** loving token;" but of what nature, excepting that it was 
something edible, we can only conjecture. The manner 'in which Mrs. 
Fowle's good intentions were frustrated is neatly tol(L/and not without a 
touch of Puritan humor. — Eds. 

3 N. Sails Augt 24. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 37 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM HUTCHINSON AND WILLIAM 

PULFORD. 

To Mr. William JButchinson and Pul/ord. 

Augt. 24, 1686. 

Gentlemen, — Your Cotton and P? f received though 
Gilburt being blown ojBE twas long ere the Cotton arrivd. 
Have now consigned to you 46. Barrels Mackarell and 
12 hhs Cod fish which sell for me for ready Money or 
to very sure Men, if you give Time. Please to Assist the 
Master as to selling the catch or a voyage. The reason 
I send not the quantities of wool and cash, is because 
have mislaid the Key of my Scritore and can't come at 
the papers. Send speedily the remaining Balance that 
that Account may be shut up. Invoice and Bill Loading 
inclosd. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO DANIEL ALLEN. 

To Mr, Daniel AUin ^ Foy} 

Sept": 3, 1686.1 

Sir, — The above is copy of my former by Welsteed : 
have little now to add, save to inclose a second Bill of 
Lading for Mr. Sellen s Returns of Oyle and p*^ | which 
hope he will have no need of the other being well 
accomplished before this come to hand. Have been with 
Capt. Elisha Hutchinson to offer your Land and I think 
he will come up to the price 'tis valued at ; which is more 
I doubt than will be got of any else. He is a well-wisher 
to the orphan children, and hath a piece of Land joins to it. 
Would advise you to make a Deed of it to said Hutchin- 
son with an Attomiship in it to some here to give Livery 
and seizin of it, and shall instantly remit your Money, or 
send it as you shall order. A description of the Ground 
you have under Mr. Addington's Hand. My service to 
your self, and loving Cousin your good wife. Sir, &c. 

- 

» vid. July 16. 1686. 



38 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL 

To cousin JEkho. JBuU ^ Foy. 

Sept? 8, 1686. 

Sir, — I thank you for your Prints, and for your loving 
Token the East-India slippers to my wife; which are 
received. These inclose a second Bill of Exchange from 
Humphry Davie Esqr. of £115 Engl. Money sterling, which 
receive and give Brother Stephen Sewall, Cr. for so much, 
that so his Debts may be discharged. Mr. Davie sent his 
Account drawn out and sworn to ; so suppose is no need 
of other Advices. Renew'd my order of July 15, as to the 
£5. to Andrew Needam ; and sive Bottoms : send if have 
Money in hand, and not sent before. 



SABiUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVB. 

• To Mr. Ive ^ Foy. 

1\ 4th, 1686. 

Sir, — Yours p Balston with the Gazetts received. Am 
sorry to hear that poor Joshua Gee is still languishing in 
Captivity. If there be any probable need of the Money 
in your hand, for his use in Redemption or the like would 
have you keep it ready, only fairly entred in your Book. 
If Mr. Welsteed sell the 2 Brothers, have order'd you July 
15. to receive into your hand my eighth of the Frait and 
price, with orders what to send. If sell not, yet send no 
more than you have in your hand. Martin is below in's 
passage to N. York. Here are rumors of a further change 
of our Government yet before winter.^ S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO "FATHER SEWALL" 

Extract of a Letter to FatJier JSewaU. 

Septt 10, 1686. 

As to Brother Longfellow's business, I have writt you 
my sence before ; viz. that would first understand more 

^ These rumors refer to the appointment of Sir Edmund Andros as 
gOYemor. *' 'Tis reported that the King Fisher rides no longer Admiral in 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 39 

certainly the state of his affair, which I have taken care for 
by Mr. Foxcrof t. However if Brother be persuaded that 
'tis his best way to go over this Fall, as is hinted in his 
Letter, I shall not contradict : because he best knows his 
own Concerns. Only I canot give him that Assistance 
he mentions of £20 or £30. Yet if he be resolv'd to 
goe, and have not other accomodation, and sister desire 
it too I should not be against undertaking for his passage. 
And am willing to give up the Mortgage for the Prin- 
cipal, without any demand of Interest ; which, pray Sir, 
remembring my Love to him and sister, please to signify. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSIAH ARNOLD. 

To Mr. Josiah Arnold |? Abraham Anthony. 

Sept? 22, 1686. 

Sir, — I received yours about a moneth since. Many 
things have hindred my Return till now ; yet am wiUing 
to give you a Meeting : shall endeavour to be at New-Port 
on Wednesday morning the Thirteenth day of October 
next ; and from thence may goe to Pettaquamscot, or issue 
what is to be done, at New-Port as you shall see meet. If 
there be any Inconvenience in my Proposal, please to sig- 
nify it. My service to Major Sanford, Sir, your friend 
and Serv*. 

JOHN CHALKER TO THOMAS GILES. 

Mctract of a Letter ofjn't Chalker to Tho. Giles formerly of Long- 

Island^ now of Pemaquid; directed thuSj 

These with a parcel to be left with Capt Sewall in 
Boston in N. E. for Mr. Tho. Giles as directed p the other 
side.* 



the Downs, as being ready to sail and bring Sir Edmund Andros our gover- 
nor" (Oct. 18, 1686. Diary, i. 154).— Eds. 

1 N. BroJ" Needham Shew'd me the Letter : [how] Giles inquires for Gloves 
[and] Rings. [None] of [them] came to me : nor mentiond in the Letter. 



40 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

I have here sent you three books, one is Michael 
Dalton, the second is Gilberts Presidents, the third is the 
oflfice of clerk of Assise, and Clerk of the Peace, this all 
from him who is your ever loving Brother Jn? Chalker. 
March 19^, 1685. The pack was so, as there could be 
no Gloves. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSIAH ARNOLD. 

To Mr* Josia Arnold ^ Robert Hana. 

Octt 29, 1686. 

Sir, — The changes already passed over us, and what 
further we may expect, make me more and more of your 
opinion, that a meeting of the Pettaquamscot Purchasers 
is very expedient and necessary : and I can't see how it 
can be attained, except for every original Propriety, 
some one be by Letter of Attorney impowered to act. 
I have written to Tho. Numford to acquaint the persons 
dwelling at Pettaquamscot; yet would intreat you as 
you may have oportunity to go over and see it put in a 
forwardness, and likewise for those of the Hand. And am 
very desirous that you would apoint the Meeting at Boston, 
giving me timely notice, that I may not be out of Town. 
You will have business here more or less. I spake to 
those I met with when there at the place, and as I remem- 
ber to Mrs. Wilbore's. To Major Sanford, to use what 
Interest he had to promote it. Rather than fail I would 
endeavour to come to Woodcock's; though if it might 
be, had far rather you would meet in Town here. Sir 
Edmund Andross our Governour is expected before Janu- 
ary. We are in good health as I hope these will find your 
self and family. 

MEMORANDUM. 

To Tho. Mumford. 

Octt 29, 1686. 

You may remember I near lost my Journey to Narra- 
ganset last time, because a Meeting of the Purchasers 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 41 

could not be procured. Therefore &c., to ijne same effect 
as above inclosing Mr. Arnold's in this for conveyance. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM PITKIN. 

To Mr. TT? Pitkin in answer of his dated May 2*?, 1686, ^ Jn"! 

Perry from Roxbury, 

Nov^ 2, 1686. 

I received vours with the Account and Bevil Waters's 
Discharge. You have no Account with us. Yours were 
before me at home and there might have writt more 
fully but the Autumn far spent and was afraid of missing 
a Messenger: reason so long before answered was that 
throw some inadvertency the payment of 1686, was not 
brought to the Legf, but by search have found it. Know 
not what my Father gave you. Make your own terms 
and they shall be comply'd with with Thanks. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Nov'. 11, 1686. Writt to my Father, and to Brother 
Jn? Sewall p Mr. Richardson. Brothers^ had one inclos'd 
from England. 

Nov' 16, and 17*?* Writt in answer to Aunt Rider, 
Cousin Storke, Unkle Stephen, and Cousin Thomas 
Dumer; ordered a p" of | to Cousin Sarah Rider my 
Aunt's scribe, by Cousin Nathaniel Duiner ^ who goes by 
the way of Bilbao ; writt also to said Nath! at Salem to 
take leave again, for was here yesterday Nov' 16. 

Novf 29, 1686. Writt to Brother St. Sewall, excusing 
my not waiting on the Judge p my wive's illness, and Mr. 
Whetcomb's Funeral this day, to which am invited. Sent 
his sermon, which is one preach'd before the House of 
Comons p Dr. Burnet. 

1 Name of a vessel, sometimes called the ** Two Brothers." — Eds. ' 
a Sails Nov^ 21^ 



42 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Decf 8, 168(5. Writt to my Cousin Mr. Subael Dum- 
mer, by Mr. Francis Hook, inclosing one of Mr. Cotton's 
Sermons. 

Dec^ 23, 1686. Writt to Mr. FlaveU in answer to his 
of Septf 22. Gave him my notion about Rev. 15. 5. 
compar'd with Rev. 11. 19. 

January 6, [168f]. Writt to Father Sewall p Brother 
Gerrish and sent seven shillings for the cheese bought 
me. Writt to Brother Moodey to comply with the Town 
as to the Indian-Deed. 

Febr. 7*^, 168f . Writt to Brother Stephen Sewall of 
his Cousin Stephen's Birth, Baptisme, Name : Lent him 
2 Gazetts from Oct! 11, to Oct^ 18, 1686. Praying that 
you and your Namesake may live and imitate your Patern 
renowned in Scriptiu^e for Faith and Holiness. S. S. 

Febr. 7*?. Writt to Mr. Ive of my Receipt of his p 
Zebitt who arriv'd January 19th. That heard nothing of 
Welsteed ; Desir'd him to furnish Mr. Ezek! Hutchinson 
with my J of what Money Mr. Nath! Man Master of 
the Fidelity should need; because I had no Money in 
said Hutchinson's hand : and Master going to, and coming 
from Holland to clear at He of Wight. 

Feb. 15, 1686 [168f]. Writ to Mr. Pitkin to keep Mr. 
Blacklaches Deed, and by any means to get in the bal- 
ance of Mr. Plumb's Debt about 120 £ because of my 
pressing occasion ; and that was well satisfied he should 
have all that Cap^ Hull had paid him, for his service. 
Should be griev'd if Coiiecticot and we be parted in 
Government especially the River.^ Send this in answer 

^ This allasion to Connecticut refers to a project entertained by the 
home government, and apparently not without some friends in that colony, to 
join the lands west of the Connecticut river to the jurisdiction of New York. 
— Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 43 

of his dated Feb. 4, p Jn° Perrey. And that would give 
me an account of his sister Martha who came over in the 
Prudent Mary 1661. 

March 17, 168 f.^ Writt to Capt. Charles Frost^ by Mr. 
Broughton ; told him of my receipt of his dated DecT, 10. 
that had let the Mills to Mr. Broughton, and were to be 
entirely his. he paying the Disbursments of my late hon- 
oured Father Capt. Jn"? Hull. Changes magnified retard 
present motions ; but I hope the Inhabitants of Kittery 
shall not repent that the Mills are come into my hands.^ 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO DANIEL ALLEN. 

Boston, N. E. March 28, 1687. 

Mb. Daniel Allen. 

Sir, — Mr. Zebbitt very carefully delivered me your 
papers and parchments with his own hand. I have not 
yet received the mony by about 15 // 0// /, so have not 
confirmd the Title, yet have remitted you the mony by 
Mr. Sheaf who is now going for London, deducting 4// 
18// 5 for my commission the sixty pounds, sixteen shil- 
Uugs coms to 49 // 10 // 00 English mony sterling. I 
could not procure those sorts of goods you mentioned for 
returns, so forcd to take this way. Mr. Willis has sold his 

1 W Weare. 

^ The Frost family is prominent in the annals of Kittery, Me. The 
first of the name appears to be Nicholas, who came from EIngland and 
settled at that part of Kittery formerly called Sturgeon Creek, now in the 
town of Eliot, in 1636, and died in 1663. His son Charles, Captain, or 
Major, as he is sometimes called, and his grandson the Hon. John Frost, 
who married Mary, sister of Sir William Pepperrell, continued to live in the 
same place. Capt. Charles Frost was killed by the Indians on Sunday, 
July 4, 1697, as he was on his way from meeting, and his two sons who 
carried the news to Wells were also slain by the savages on their return. 
— Eds. 

* Kittery is mentioned as the most important lumber station in the 
province of Maine in 1682. Out of a total of twenty-four saw mills in 
the whole province, six flourished in this place alone. See Maine Hist. 
Soc. Col. I. 269. — Eds. 



44 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

plantation at Antego and is come home. At his arrivall 
here he came to me and acquainted me with his receipt of 
my Letters ; that was within a 12— to receive a consider- 
able sum and would then return effects for to discharge 
the debt, which I hope he will not leave unperformed. 

I have two small daughters who begin to goe to 
schoole : my wife would intreat your good Lady to 
pleasure her so far as to buy for her, white Fustian 
drawn, enough for curtins, wallen counterpaine for a 
bed, and half a duz. chairs, with four threeded green 
worsted to work it. I will write to Mr. Hull to furnish 
my Cousin with mony for that purpose. We begin now 
pretty well to get past a severe winter. Our service to 
your self and our Loving Cousin your wife, I take leave 

who am sir 

Your friend iand Serv? 

Sam^ Sewall. 

BiU of Exchange and Letter of 
Advice Inclosed, 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL.1 

Boston, N. E., March 28, 1687. 

Mb. Edwabd Hull. 

Sir, — Was glad to hear by Mr. Zebbitt of Mr. Davies 
Bills being accepted by which means I hope my Brothers 
Debt will be discharged. I have now enclosed a Bill of Ex- 
change upon Mr. Edmund White by his Cousin Davie who 
victualls the kings Fisher which I hope will be punctually 
compljr^ with, to be sure I paid down good mony here 
before I received them. I would Intreat you to furnish 
my Cousin Allen with what mony she calls for towards a 
peice of service my wife Intreat her help in, that so she 
may set her two Little daughters on work and keep them 
out of Idlenes. What is in your hand send in half a duz 
peices of good steell blew duffall made up in some cours 
Linnen cloath. A peice or two dowlace, two or three 

1 ^ Weare. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 45 

peices of Lockrum, three or four peices of Devonshire 

kersy, half a duz peices of coloured callico. If mony 

falls short abate In each, and send no more then is in 

your hand. Many Ancient Godly men and Women have 

died here as it were together of late, so that such Funer- 

alls have been of one day and touched one another. The 

Lord give us profitably to consider it. We are all In 

Competent health blessed be God. My service and my 

Mothers and Wives to your self. I take leave who am 

Sir, your friend and serv*, 

Sam^ Sewall. 

SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN IVE.i 

Boston, N. E., 1687, March 30. 

Mb. John Ive. 

Sir, — Welsteed being forced to bear up Jtor Barbados, 

arrived not till the 18*1* Instant ; but then the Letters and 
goods came safe to hand. The lines should have been 
put in some old cask or made up in some course Liiien. 
And it had been better the Duffals had had Wrapers, 
yet I hope in pretty good condition* I am sorry there is 
no news of honest Joshua Gee. The Turks unjust detain- 
ing of him I believe helps to ad some drops to those Vials 
God is pouring out upon them. I shall not draw off that 
I have in your hands till I hear farther. The Kingsfisher 
is fitting with new Masts. We are now blessed be God 
pretty well got over a dry and cold winter. Small Pocks 
is in Town but not many dye as yet. 

S. Sewall. 

MEMORANDUM. 

Stephen Winthrop of James Street in Westminster esqr, 
dies about the year 1658. Bequeaths some Lands by his 
Last Will and Testament : and other Land He leavs with 
liberty to his executors, to sell for the benefit of his chil- 
dren ; which Land the impowered executors Judith Win- 

1 ^ Weare. 



46 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

throp his Relict, John Chamberlain esqr and Mr. Thomas 
Plampin sell by Deed indented under their Hands and 
seals dated March 26, 1659, for two hundred pounds 
English Money to said Judith Winthrop and Jn? Cham- 
berlain, and one shilling to Mr. Plampin, without saying 
they doe it for the benefit of the children. Mis Winthrop 
gives a Warrantie against all claiming under her, and 
imder said Stephen Winthrop. Qu. whether this convey- 
ance be legal and valid? April 2, 1687. To send to 
England by Mr. Sergeant, to his Brother a Lawyer for 
Advice. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD (?) HULL. 

To cousin Hull $ Weare^ 

April 5, 1687. 

Loving CcTusin, — I writt to you by the Ship of the 28 
past. These are only to desire your sending me by the 
first or at least before winter 20 Duz. course hair sive- 
bottoms 4 foot. 5 Duz. middle ditto, 4 foot. 5. Duz. 
large Strainers: 5 Duz. small ditto. Be sure that each 
bunch contain a Duz., for the party I sold the last to, 
complains sundry held out but eleven. Let them be 
good and well bound. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM HUTCHINSON AND WILLIAM 

PUTFORD (OR PULFORD). 

To Mr. William Hutchinson and Mr, 'WiUiam Putford, 

Boston, N. E., April 18, 1687. 

Gentlemen, — I received not yours of the 23 December 
till March 11 then came safe by the Katherine Jn? Pullin 
Commander with the three hundred p' f and 21 balls 
chokolatto ; You Intimate your readiness to conclude the 
accott which I desire because now some considerable time 
has run out since the beginning of it. Have now sent 
you by Mr. Gary some mackrill fish and tar as p*" Invoice 

- 1 sails with a fair wind April 7, 87. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 47 

and Bill of Lading Inclosed, which pleas speedyly to sell 
for ready mony to my best Advantage. Send in p* of | 
save two Baggs of Cotton wool. Hoping it may Come 
to hand in better time and condition than that by Gilbert. 

Gentlemen your humble servt. 

Sam? Sewall. 

memoranda of letters.^ 

May 28, 1687. 

Loving Cousin, — The above written is a copy of 
what sent p Weare (March 28). This is to forward a 
2"* Bill of Lading. Received your p Foy (who arriv'd 
first), and Fayerwether for which very thankfull. 

June 6, 1687. Writt to Rob^ Twelves of Braintrey 
sending him the Balance of 's Account £ 20 - - 0, and 
to Jn? Saunders his Bal. £21-9-3. Sent both by 
Unkle Quinsey earnestly pressing them to speedy pay- 
ment. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSHUA RAYMOND. 

Copy of a Letter of Order to Mr, Joshua Raymond of Block-Island 

dated June 9, 1687. 

Sir, — Mr. Williams being dead, I do desire and order 
you to receiv and bring me what is due from the person 
said Williams Let my Land at Block-Hand to:* And do 
likewise entreat you from this day forward to take all 
I purchased of Mr. Terry on said Hand, being sixty Acres 
more or Less, under your care and Improvement, allowing 
me anually for the same as you and I shall agree, and 
till further order be taken about it: If you see it most 

1 ^ Zebi. 

2 This may refer to Roger Williams, who died in April, 1683. He seems 
to have acted as the agent of Sewall in respect to Block-Island, lying east- 
wardly from Long-Island, and so called from Adriaen Block, who from 
Manhattan made explorations of Long-Island Sound, Narraganset Bay, and 
as far into Massachusetts Bay as the promontory of Nahant (Palfrey, Hist. 
N. E. I. 235, n). — Eds. 



48 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

advantagious for me, you may Let it for me for the Term 
of one year at one Time, and not Longer. Sir, desiring 
you to do for me, as you would be willing I should do for 
your self, were I in your stead, and you in mine ; I take 
leave, who am, Sir, your friend and servt. 

Sam. Sewall. 
Please in the Fall to bring or send me some good kindly 
cheese New-Milk, not strong of the Runet ; for my own 
eating. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM HUTCHINSON AND WILLIAM 

PULFORD. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr, Hutchinson and Pulford ^ the Two 
Brothers^ George Lasson, CoTnander. 

June 13, 1687.1 

The above is copy of my former p Mr. Gary. These 
are to inclose a second Bill of Lading which send p the 
Two Brothers George Lasson Master in which am con- 
cern'd an Eighth. Although Mr. Joseph Sergeant ^ be 
only mention'd by name in the Orders ; yet I question 
not but you will be ready as occasion may offer to give 
the Master your advice and Assistance, which I intreat 
of you ; And that you would use your endeavour to 
get in, and send what remains still due from Solomon 
de Lion. My humble service to your selvs and Mr. Ser- 
geant, I take Leave, who am, Sirs your, friend. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Cousin Daniel Allen j? Harris, 

July 9, 1687. 

Sir, — Above is Copy of what sent you p Weare March 
28. These are to inclose a 2? Bill of Exchange and Letter 
of Advice &c.^ 



1 40. Bar. Mackr. 6. hhs Cod fish, 48 Bari» Tar. 

* The brother of the rich merchant who built what was afterwards the 
Province House. — Eds. 

• Tid. March 28. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 49 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 



Copy of a Letter to Mr, Jut. Ive Iper"] Mr. Harris.'^ 

July 9, 1687. 

Sir, — Mr. Sheaf drew Bills on you dated March 17, 
168f for fourty nine pounds ten shillings English Money, 
payable to cousin Daniel Allen, which^ hope you have 
honour' d with Acceptance and payment before now. I 
paid Mr. Sheaf his Money down before I received it to 
satisfie Mr. Allen for so much of his received here. If 
it please God Joshua Gee be free'd from 's Captivity, 
send what you have of mine remaining, by former order, 
if no other come to your hand. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN RICHARDSON. 

Sir, — I am informed p Mr. Emerson thatt Mr. Tomson 
hath a Call to the South ward which he inclines to : and 
Brother Gerrish being here to see his Father tells me 
that Newbery is like to be destitute as to a school master. 
Now there is an Orphan one Seth Shove who proceded 
Bachelour the last Commencment, who I beleve might 
be to acceptation Serviceable in that kind. Wherefore 
if you find Persons so far Inclinable to uphold a School 
in that Town, as that you may do it without prejudice 
to your Self, Should Intreatt you would Promote his 
being there In which I hope you may pleasure the 
place, and Shew Kindnes to deceased Mr. Shove whose 
worth I beleve you knew. I am apt to think such an 
exercise may be an advantage to his studies especially 
respecting the tongues as much as if he should live att 
Cambridge these three years which doubt he will not 
find convenience for. He has liv'd in our house sundrj'' 
years and have found him a person of sobriety and 
Commendable behavior, and I hope going abroad will 

^ ■ — 

1 SaU'd July 12. 

VOL. I. — 4. 



50 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

benefit him upon that account and qualify that modesty 
or whatever it be that might be a hinderance of good 
manners. 

The most remarkable within my view since your 
being here, is the Going oflf of Counselour Wharton, 
Mr. Charls Morton, Mr. Woodrop, the Scotch Minister, 
Madam Bridgett Usher and her daughter which fell out 
last Tuesday. This day the Funerall of Mis. Eyre 
Mother of Mr. Jn? Eyre, is to be attended. 

My service to your self and Mrs. Richardson : To Mr. 
Woodbrigg, with whome if you see cans you may Com- 
unicatte the busines of this Letter. Sir, your friend 
and serv*. 

Above is copy of a Letter to Mr. Jn? Richardson, 
p Brother Gerrish dated July 15, 1687. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

1687. July 15. to Mr. Nicholas Parcel of Flushing 
on Long-Hand p Mr. Jeremia Hubbard of Hemsted 
wherein Mother Hull thanks him for the Comendation 
sent by Mr. Hubbard, sends the state of her family, and 
for a Token a large silver Wine-cup marked in the bottom 
J. H. to N. P. Am desirous to hear from you every 
year so long as you live, and above all that we may so 
order our conversation here as that we may live together 
for ever in a better world. Judith Hull written with 
Mother's own hand i. e. her Name. Gave these to Sam. 
Hubbard to give his Father Aug* 8, 1687. Cup worth 
about 14. or 15?. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO "BROTHER LONGFELLOW." 

To Brother JLongfeUow ^ Jonathan Clark, 

Boston, N. E. Augt. 8, 1687. 

Loving Brother, -t- Yours of the 12^ of March datted 
att Rumsy, came safe to hand, am glad to hear of your 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 51 

good passage and arrivaJl. Thankful! to friends for their 
kindnes shewed you. I had a son born the 30*? of Janu- 
ary, a desireable healthy Child to our thinking, but he fell 
ill and dyed the 26^ of July. Brother Stephen hath a 
little Margarett. Our friends att Newberry are well as far 
as I know. My sister was much refreshed to hear of your 
Welfare : her Letter to you sent me for Conveyance, I 
have enclosed In mine. As to the younger children of 
Wallingford, I understand they are averse to whatt you 
writt aboutt, and those nott of Age twill be hard for them 
being so Remote to do any thing Legally : and except they 
see you make some succesf uU progress in what you have 
begun, 1 doubt will be backward. I should think your 
best way will be to gett your own mony in Yorkshire (as 
you write you are agoing thether), and then lay it outt in 
whatt may be advantagious to New England, and not 
hazzard the throwing away your Patrimony, in tedious 
Doubtful Law suitts. I would not have you venture upon 
any thing in that kind but what may be very plain and 
fecible, lest according to the Fable in jEsop catching att a 
shadow you lose the Body. Give my due remembrance 
to my relations. Praying God to succeed you in your 
concerns and to bless your succes, I take leave who am 
your Loving Brother. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN STORKE. 
To Mr. Jn*t Storke ^ Jn!". Clarke. 

Boston, N. E. August 8, 1687. 

Mr. Jn? Stork and Loving Cousin, — By Brother 
Longfellows of the 12*? of March last dated att Rumsy, 
!b understand the greatt kindnes you have shewed him, 
for which am thankfull to your self and others who have 
been friends p your means. Suppose you will best know 
where a letter may meet him; so have given you the 
trouble of enclosing my Letters my sister his wife her 



52 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

letter in it, to your self for conveyance. I would not 
have Brother meddle in law but what may be plain and 
fecible, lest what he gets in Yorkshire be thrown away 
in those southern parts. But methinks its strange thatt 
Legatees should be kept out of there just right or att 
least very unjust if not strange. I dont find that I have 
received any Letter from you Lattely. I depend on 
you for getting my small Rent and remmitting of it to 
Cousin Hull which am put upon being the more earnest 
in, becaus times are extream difficult with us for procur- 
ing any Coin. 

I had a very pleasant and desireable son bom the 30^^ 
of January last whom I parted with the 26*?" of July. 
He being removed by death. All our friends att New- 
bery and Rowly are well so far as I know. Much hurt has 
been done here this summer by a sort of worm. Much 
barly the ear eatt of and hurt in other things by them 
eating up. In fresh Meadows as if it had been mown, 
only the Weeds left standing. The Lord awake us and 
take away sin by all his stroaks whether personall or 
nationall. 

The sight of his Majestyes Declarations for Liberty of 
Conscience we were glad to see, and pray thatt God will 
direct to and bless a suitable improvement of it.^ My 
Love to your self and wife. I take Leave who am 

Sir, your Cousin and servt. 

^ Sewall doubtless read the Declaration for Liberty of Conscience in 
the London Gazette, to which he frequently refers in his Diary and Letters. 
Since the writing of the note on page 16, tiie Boston Public Library has ac- 
quired the first seven volumes of this publication, covering the period from 
Nov. 7, 1665, to February 11, 16S}; and with these volumes before them, the 
editors are able to print, probably for the first time on this side of the Atlan- 
tic, two of the addresses to the King, from the Massachusetts and Plymouth 
Churches, in the exact form in which they were read and delivered to the 
King, at Whitehall, May 30, 1688, by Increase Mather. 

Macaulay, in the second volume of his History, has stated the substance 
of the Declaration of Indulgence, but with such omissions that his reader 
fails to perceive the significance which it had for the Massachusetts colonists, 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 53 

fiAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL- 

To Mr, Edward HvU ^r Jki Ca — . 

Boston, N. E., August 8, 1687. 

Mr. Edward Hull and Loving Cousin, — Neither 
Choak nor Balston 'are yett arrived and so I want your 



at a time when they were greatly alarmed at the threatened loss of their 
estates by writs of intrusion brought against them by the Andros govern- 
ment. As some knowledge of this State paper is essential to an understand- 
ing of the diversity of opinions respecting it which prevailed among the Mass- 
achusetts colonists, the editors present the following abstract of the document 
itself, and of several of the addresses which it called forth. 

His Majesties Gracious Declaration to all his loving Subjects for 
Liberty of Conscience — for such was its exact title — was given at 
Whitehall, April 4, 1087, and appeared in the Gazette, which usually cov- 
ered the transactions of three days, and in this case, from Monday, ^ril 4, 
to Thursday, April 7, 1687. 

The King (James II.), premising his desire to establish his government 
as well in the inclinations as in tlie duty of his subjects, and thinking tliat 
nothing would be so effectual to that end as the granting them for the time 
to come the free exercise of their own religion, and the perfect enjoyment of 
their property, goes on to declare that, though heartily wishing all the people 
of his dominions were members of the Catholic Church, but believing that 
conscience ought not to be constrained, nor people forced in matters of mere 
religion, which was contrary to his inclinations and tlie interests of the 
government; that the history of the four last reigns had shown it to be 
impossible to secure exact confonnity in religion ; that out of his princely 
care and affection for his loving subjects, and that they might live at ease 
and quiet, as well as for the increase of trade and encouragement of 
strangers, — he issued his Declaration of Indulgence, making no doubt of the 
concurrence of the two houses of Parliament therein when they should meet, 
lie then assured the hierarchy, and all his subjects of the Church of England, 
of the free exercise of their religion as established by law, and of the quiet 
enjoyment of all their possessions. He proclaimed the suspension of all penal 
laws in matters ecclesiastical, for not attending church, or receiving the 
sacraments, or other non-conformity to the established religion. He gave 
his subjects leave to meet and serve God in their own way, in their own 
private houses, or in houses hired or built for that use; and he forbade all 
disturbance of such meetings under pain of his displeasure. Neither the 
oaths of supremacy and allegiance, nor the several tests and declarations re- 
quired in the 25th and 30th years of Charles II. were to be required or sub- 
scribed. Pardon and indemnity were granted to all persons subject to 
penalty for violation of ecclesiastical laws. Finally, he assured his subjects 
that he would maintain them in all their properties and possessions, as well 
of church and abbey lands, as in every other of their lands and possessions 
whatsoever. 



54 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Answer to mine of the 28 of March. I have Inclosed 
a Letter to Madam Bridgett Usher, who went hence In 

As somewhat more than two months elapsed before the Declaration of 
Indulgence was published in Boston, and four more, at least, before any public 
action was had respecting it, there is time for a word as to its reception in 
England. At first it was received with intense satisfaction by the dissenters, 
who had suffered most severely from the ecclesiastical penalties. Prison 
doors were thrown open. Legal penalties were removed by the general par- 
don. Those of the clergy who had been obliged to follow their calling clan- 
destinely were no longer molested. But it was soon perceived that this 
daring and unconstitutional act of the King proceeded from political motives, 
and was designed to strengthen the Court, by drawing to it the great body of . 
the dissenters in opposition to the Church of England. As a whole, the dis- 
senting bodies, with such men as Baxter, Howe, and Bunyan, refused to fall 
into the snare; and the prevailing feeling of the people was manifested by 
the general joy which pervaded the kingdom the next year, on the acquittal 
of the seven bishops, tried nominally for a seditious libel, but really for re- 
fusing to order the Declaration to be read in the churches in obedience to 
the King's command. (Hume*s Hist, of England, VL 285.) 

But at first, the response to the Declaration from the dissenters was prompt 
and quite general. The Gazette contains their addre^sses to the King. They 
are found in nearly every issue for eighteen months. The Declaration was 
first published April 7. On the 14th ** divers of his Majesties Subjects in 
and about London, commonly called Anabaptists," and editorially described 
as " a great number of the most considerable *' of that body of Christians, 
presented an address to the king, at Whitehall, in which they represented 
themselves as those who had "been great sufferers by the severe execution 
of the penal laws about matters of religion.*' 

April 18, several of his Majesty's subjects who confess that they were 
those who ** enjoy their lives, forfeited by being in arms against his Majesty 
and ^vemmeut,"— probably in the Duke of Monmouth's affair,— found their 
gratitude intensified by the fact that the King had not only allowed them to 
live, but also permitted them, in common with their fellow subjects, **the 
exercise of their religion and the enjoyment of their properties." 

This address gives rise to a suspicion which never wholly subsides, that 
many of these documents were the result,s of political manipulations. 

Next came the Presbyterians in and about the city of London. Their ad- 
dress was published on the 30th of April, and touches the heart of the matter 
in expressing the wish that God would incline the two houses of Parliament 
to concur with the King in the same work,— a concurrence needed to give 
validity and value to the Declaration. The same day came the Quakers, who 
say : ** Though we are not the first in this way, yet we hope we are not the 
least sensible of the great favors we are come to present the King our hum- 
' ble, open, and hearty thanks for; since no people have received greater bene- 
fits, as well by opening our prison doors, as by his late excellent and Christian 
Declai-ation of Liberty of Conscience." Macaulay says that Penn presented 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 55 

Mr. Harris, and hope may by this time be arrived or 
on the Coast. Madam Floyd lattely your neighbour, 



one of the addresses from the Quakers to the King with a speech more adula- 
tory than the address itself. It may have been this very address which con- 
tains this sentence: ** And though we entertain this act of mercy with all the 
acknowledgments of a persecuted and grateful people, yet we must needs say, 
it doth the less surprise us, since ' tis what some of us have known to have 
been the declared principles of the King, as well long before, as since he came 
to the throne of his ancestors." If we may assume that Penn wrote this 
address, which probably served to confirm Macaulay*s well-known unfavor- 
able opinion of his character, it is but just to add that James endeavored to 
impress others with this idea, that his liberal sentiments had been long enter- 
tained. He said to Increase Mather, May 30, 1688, on a similar occasion, 
•*I was for liberty of conscience before I was king; and I thank God, that 
since I was king I have been able in that matter to give some ease unto my 
subjects." (Cotton Mather's Parentator, 110.) 

Between the address of the Quakers and that of the Congregationalists, 
was one from divers loyal citizens of Westminster, whose sole object seems 
to have been to bear their *^ small part in the universal joy and gpratitude." 

** His majesties loyal subjects of the Congregational Persuasion, dwelling 
in and about London," thank the King for the expressed opinion *Hhat 
conscience ought not to be constrained, nor people forced on matters of 
mere religion," and for the added '^ assurance of a perfect enjoyment of our 
property." 

Similar addresses poured in, or were called in, through eighteen months, 
from boroughs, cities, and towns in Great Britain, as well as from the various 
professions, trades, and employments. 

An inspection of the Gazette hardly confirms the impression received 
from Macaulay's history, that the dissenters alone were parties to these ad- 
dresses. Undoubtedly, and for good reasons, they were by far the most 
numerous; but if we could safely assume that the corporate bodies were 
officered by a majority of that class, they certainly wocdd not include the 
bishops of Durham, Chester, and St. Davids, with, in some cases, the deans 
and other clergy, who presented similar addresses. 

Sewall records, August 23, 1687, ** Balston arrives and brings Gazetts to 
June 13;" and the next day, ** Bartholomew-day. Indulgence for Liberty of 
Conscience published here." ( Diary, 1. 186.) Increase Mather was not long 
in forming an opinion on the subject; for, as Sewall tells us, on the 25th, two 
days after the arrival of the Gazettes, "Mr. Mather preaches from the 5th 
verse of Jude. . . . Praised God for the Liberty good People enjoy in Eng- 
land. Said 'tis marvellous in our Eyes." (lb.) 

The Declaration of Indulgence reached Boston at a time when the colou- 
ists were in deep depression. The loss of their charter, and their rigorous 
treatment by the Andros government, prepared them to receive with satis- 
faction the promises of the King. Their joy was general, unless the distrust 
expressed by some at a later period had been silently entertained from the 



56 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

her present dwelling I have forgott, and so intreatt you 
to procure the delivery of my Letter which shall make 



first. Mather had no doubts, or at least did not betray any; he saw too 
well the advantage which the addresses to the King on the Declaration of 
Indulgence afforded, for pressing upon his attention the distressed condition 
of the colonists in respect to civil affairs, and for claiming a fufilment of the 
king's promise that his subjects should not be molested in the possession and 
quiet enjoyment of their estates, which had been threatened by Andros's 
writs of intrusion, issued on the theory that, with the revocation of the 
charter under which their estates were held, they reverted to the Crown. 

With Mather, decision was action. Accordingly, ** Oct. 30, 1687 [he 
says], after the sermon and service in the afternoon ended, I desired the 
brethren of the church to stay in the meeting-house, and proposed to them 
* that their ofl&cers might in their name draw up an address of thanks to the 
King, for his Declaration, wherein he duly promises us the free exercise of 
our reli^on, and that he will maintain us in the enjoyment of our rights and 
possessions. I told the brethren I would take their silence for consent. All 
were silent, nemine contradicente,** (Robbins's Hist. Second Church, 50, n.) 

Cotton Mather's account of these transactions is too interesting to be 
omitted, though it recapitulates some matters already stated. " The King, in 
the beginning of that year [ 1687], published his Declaration of Indulgence, 
which the Protestant Dissenters had abundance of reason to be thankful for, 
inasmuch as it brought them out of their graves. And if it assumed an 
illegal power of dispensing with laws, yet in relation to them, it only dis- 
pensed with the execution of such infamous laws as were ipso facto null and 
void before; laws contrary to the laws of God, and the rights and claims of 
human nature. Be sure the New English Protestants found the benefit of 
the Declaration, for it rescued the maligned churches of New England out 
of a devourer's talons, when he was just on the point of making many violent 
invasions upon them. The ministers hereupon, at Mr. Mather's motion, 
made an address of thanks to the King for the benefit which they enjoyed by 
his Declaration ; and it proved a considerable service to the country. But 
he then moved that the churches, as well as their pastors, might come into 
such an action ; which also was readily complied withall. The adversary was 
enough enraged at these things ; and when the ministers of Boston agreed 
with their congregations upon keeping a day of thanksgiving to heaven, for 
the shelter which their brethren, as well as themselves, found by the Declar- 
ation, Sir Edmund Andros, with many menaces, forbade their proceedings, 
and particularly threatened that he would set guards of soldiers on their 
church doors, if they attempted what they pretended to." (Parentator, 
102.) 

But not all the colonists shared with the Mathers their faith in the 
value of the addresses to the King. Thomas Danforth of Cambridge, 
sometime deputy-governor, and the leading politician of the day, wrote to 
Mather, from Cambridge, Nov. 8, 1687, when these addresses were pre- 
paring: <<R'. S*. Referring to an address to his Majesty, I do humbly pro- 



^ LETTEK-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 57 

an addition to the many obligations you have lay^ upon 
me ; Tis a very sickly time for children with us, about 



pound and desire, that no mention be made of the proclamation for a general 
toleration. There will be no need of touching upon it in the least, and I am 
assured many dangerous rocks will be shunned thereby. For my own part, I 
do more dread the consequences thereof than the execution of those penal 
laws the only wall against Popery that are now designed to be cashiered. 
We may, without breach of charity, conclude the Popish Counsels are laid 
deep: time will show more. Grod Almighty bring them to nought. Our 
pastor in his proposal to our church, naming the Proclamation, I told him I 
did highly distinguish being thankful for our Liberties, and for the Procla- 
mation.'' (Mass. Hist. Coll. XXXVIII. 507.) 

The real purpose of Mather's visit to England was doubtless political, 
rather than ecclesiastical, and the gratitude of the colonists to the King for 
the religious privileges proclaimed was chiefly a lively desire for the posses- 
sion of those civil rights promised. But it is questionable whether Mather, 
bearing such a petition to the King as Danforth wished, would have gained 
access to the royal closet. Danforth distrusted the King's intentions, and 
with reason. But he was also averse to the toleration of Catholics and 
other dissenters from the Puritan hierarchy in New-England; and if the 
Proclamation became the law in Massachusetts, that hierarchy would lose 
something of its power. Leaving the English dissenters — many of whom 
would have been as obnoxious to New England as to Old England — to fight 
their own battles, and English statesmen to settle questions of their own 
constitution, Massachusetts had but little practical concern in the matter. 
The proclamation threw open no prison doors in New England, and the con- 
gregationalists received no enlargements of rights and privileges from it. 
The King's prerogative had probably been carried as far as practicable 
in. governing the colonists by royal proclamations. ' 

Such was Mather's mission ; ostensibly to* bear to the King the dutiful 
addresses of his loyal subjects in Massachusetts for his illegal Declaration of 
Indulgence. Its real object was to obtain a restoration of the revoked 
charter. The voyage having been decided upon, Mather set sail April 7, 
1688, and landed at Weymouth, May 6. How he fared in his approaches 
to the royal ear is best told in Parentator, 109, and is as follows: — 

** Mr. Mather, willing to lose no time, hastened up to London, where h^ 
arrived May 25. And he found things in such a state, as that he had oppoj^ 
tunity to do special service for his people, even beyond what he could have 
imagined. An eminent person, often at Court, informed King James, of 
his coming with Addresses to his majesty from New England: and upon 
May 30, which was the time the King had ordered for it, he attended on his 
majesty, in the long Gallery at Whitehall. Offering to kneel, the King for- 
bad that posture to him. Whereupon, presenting the address, he said, 5ir, 
your majesties most loyal subjects in New England, loith all possible veneration, 
present this Address of thanks to your majesty, for your most gracious Declar- 
ation of Indulgence unto them and their brethren. The King replied, Read it, 



/ 

f 



58 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

a fortnight since I buried a very desireable son of about 
a half a year old. I desire your prayers thatt I may 



Sir; which he did and added the number of the ministers who had sub- 
scribed it in the name of their several congregations. The King then re- 
ceived it out of his hand, and said, / am glad my subjects in New England 
are sensible of any ease and henejit by my Declaration : and it shall continue, I 
hope, by a Parliament to obtain a Magna Charta /or Liberty of Conscience. 
He then presented an Address to the King from Plymouth; to which his 
majesty replied; / kindly accept of this Address also, and I say again, as I 
said before; you shall have a Magna Charta for Liberty of Conscience." 

What and where are these two addresses? On the original of the letter 
of Thomas Dauforth to Increase Mather, found above, which is number 
forty-four, volume six, of the Mather Papers in the Boston Public Library, 
Prince has made the following note: **In the Life of Dr. Increase Mather, 
it seems that the following addresses of thanks to King James, for his 
Declaration of Liberty of Conscience, were carried over by sd. Mather; 
who went away April 7, 1688, arrived at London, May 25; and on May 30, 
presented the address to the King." 

By **the following addresses,** Prince undoubtedly meant the papers 
numbered from forty-five to fifty inclusive, which follow Danforth's letter in 
the Mather Papers, and in immediate sequence. Of these six addresses only 
two, numbers forty-eight and forty-nine, have been printed in this country, 
so far as is known to the editors. These two, probably selected as specimens 
of the whole, are found in the Mather Papers, Mass. Hist. Coll., XXXV III. 
697, 698; and in Andros Tracts III. 131, 132, n. 

The addresses found in the Matlier manuscripts are merely drafts, many of 
them full of erasures and interlineations, and in their present form never could 
have been presented to the King; nor is it at all clear that all of them were 
ever presented in any form. Addresses presented to the King, favorably 
received and taken in hand by him, would hardly be found afterwards in 
the Mather manuscripts. As number forty-five, the only one of the five 
Bay-Colony addresses assuredly presented by Mather, will be reprinted in 
this note, from the Gazette copy, no further description need be given of it, 
except to say that the verbal differences between the two clearly indicate 
that the King received a new and amended draft. 

Number forty-six is simply a variation of forty-five, closer to the printed 
copy, but obviously a draft, and never presented to the King in its present 
form. But this draft settles two things : first, that the Bay-Colony address 
presented to the King was the Boston address; and secondly, that it was 
subscribed by the pastors of the three Congregational Churches, James 
Allen, Increase Mather, and Samuel Willard, in the name of their several 
congregations. 

Of numbers forty-seven and forty-eight, it may be said that they were 
mere drafts, evidently proceeding from different minds, but containing 
nothing which indicates their authorship, or the congregations whose opinions 
they expressed. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 59 

be ready for my own grave. Our friends are in health 
so far as I know. You shall do well by your next to 



Number fifty, which is the Plymouth address, is evidently a draft, with 
interlineations and erasures ; but it was accurately copied for the King. It 
gives a fact not conveyed by the printed copy in the Gazette, but added by 
Increase Mather; namely, '*Tho. Hinkley in ye behalf e of Yo' Majesties 
most Antient and Loyal Colony of New-Plimouth in New England." This 
must displace the fragment from the Mass. Archives given in Andros Tracts, 
UI. 133, n., as probably the Plymouth address. 

The addresses, as presented to the King, and published by authority, are 
copied from Number 2356 of The London Gazette, covering the period from 
Thursday, June 14, to Monday, June 18, 1688. 

" The following Addresses have been presented to the King, which His 
Majesty received very graciously. 

' To the Kings Most Excellent Majesty. The humble Address of several 
Congregations in New England. 

* May it please Your Majesty. 

* WE who are among your far distanced New England SuhjectSf cast our^ 
selves down at the feet of Majesty, offering our most Cordial and humble Thanks 
for your unparalePd Grace in securing to us the Liberty of our Consciences by 
your late happy Declaration of Indulgence. Our remoteness, in consideration, 
with other obstructions, will Apologize for our not being among the first that have 
manifested their Gratitude and due Acknowledgements of your Princely and 
diffusive Goodness. Nothing can be more valued by a People who on the mere 
account of Religion left their Native Land, and Transplanted themselves into a 
Desart, then the free Exercise thereof, according as we are in ourselves persuaded 
is most agreeable to the Revealed Will of God. And next to that our Properties 
and Possessions (however so inconsiderable as to be beneath the Envy of others) 
cannot but be dear unto us. Your Majesty having been pleased to promise that we 
shall be maintained therein, and that no disturbance of any kind shall be given to 
us. Words cannot Express what deep Impressions these warm Beams of your 
Royal Favour hai^ made upon our Hearts; only this we feelingly profess, that we 
find them thereby melted into Dutiful Resolves to continue Praying for the Life 
of the King and His Family, and the Prosperity of your Government, as also to 
endeavour by all means to approve our selves Your Majesties most Loyal and 
Obedient Subjects.* 

* To the King*s most Excellent Majesty. The humble Address of Your 
Majesties most Loyal and Grateful Subjects the Inhabitants of Your most 
ancient Colony of New Plimouth in Your Territory of New England. 

* Most Gracious Soveraign ! 

^MA Y it please your Majesty to deign an Ear to the Voice of those that are 
rejoycing in this Wilderness, whilst they contemplate their having such a King as 
spreads His Clemency and Royal Bounty as far as his Dominions^ causing that 



60 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

send me word whatt Mr. Storke hath remitted you and 
when the last that you have received. With my Mothers 
wives and own love and service to you, 

I take leave, who am 

Sir, your cousin and serv*. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSEPH GERRISH. 

Boston, August 10***, 1687. 

Worthy Sir,' — Sam" Toppan came in last night be- 
tweene 9 and 10 surprizing us with the sorrowfull news 
of my honoured Unkles Death, in which I condole you. 
Cap* Higginson was telling [me] Last Satterday as if he 



mast Gracious Indulgence emitted in April last past to be published even to us : 
We have been sending up our Praises to our Soveraign in Heaven, by whom Kings 
Reign, and Princes Decree both Ads of Justice and Favour to their Subjects, and 
whose Favour in these your Princely Stniles we have seen ; A nd now, and not till 
now, by reason of our great Distance are come to pay our Homage to our Soveraign 
upon Earth, whom Almighty God hath made his Instrument to confirm unto us 
what we have so long enjoyed under the most Gracious Clemency of your Royal 
Predecessors, of happy Memory, both our Property and Liberty upon the Word 
of a King: a Boon well worthy of so Magnificent a Prince, Property securing our 
Livelyhood; Liberty in matters of Religion to serve God according to our Con- 
sciences, securing what is dearer then our Lives, as the first adventuring of our 
Lives, and our All for the enjoyment thereof doth evince, 

* Great SIR ! Our Wilderness Education doth not furnish us with Words 
sufficiently to express the deep sense which the refreshing Rayes of your Majesties 
Bounteous Favour hath left upon our Hearts : We can only assure your Majesty, 
that they are thereby more strongly disposed, and affectionately inclined to desire 
and pray for a confluence of all Divine Blessings to be showered down upon your 
Royal Person, Family and Government, and to approve our selves in all things as 
in Duty bound, Your Majesties most Loyal and Dutiful Subjects.^ " 

Of these addresses, the last was from the pen of Gov. Thomas Hinckley 
of Plymouth Colony; aud the first, from that of Increase Mather. 

"With what consummate skill Mather availed himself of the access to the 
royal ear which the presentation of these addresses offered him, to press the 
claims of the colonists for civil grievances aud for future security, is too well 
known to require recital here. 

The Gazette for June 18-21 contains " The humble Address of Your 
Majesties Governor and Council of your Majesties Dominion of Virginia.^* 
— Ed8. 

^ To mr. Joseph Gerrish. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 61 

had been something refreshed att Salem. Butt our times 
are all in Gods Hand unto which we owe absolute sub- 
mission which the Lord grant us. I had taken from me 
a Dear Son Stephen, that day fortnight before : As to 
papers left in my hand, Twas as I remember the 19^ of 
July, when Mr. Willard was sent for to pray with the 
Cap* as dangerously ill if not neer his end ; I being then 
with Mr. Willard accompanied him. When the Company 
was a little gone, My Unkle called for his Breeches and 
took out two writeings, his Will, and a receipt to Brother 
Gerrish, desiring me to keep them privately till after his 
Decease : I knew not till then so much as whether He had 
any thoughts of making a Will. Much less the Contents. 
I have sealed up the Will and sent it to my Aunt the sole 
Executrix, which please to deliver her. The Receipt re- 
fers to Brothers annual payments which what they were 
to be, I have forgott. I intend if God in his Providence 
give leave, to accompany you to the Grave to Morrow. My 
only Son is butt in a sickly condition for whome I desire 
your prayers, and for my self that I may be ready for all 
changes. So desiring to sympathize with you, I take my 

leave, who am 

Sir, your Loving friend and serv*. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 



Aug? 25. Writt to Father Sewall p skippar Lunt. 
Sent a bottle of Physical Drink for Mother, and a cask of 
wine intimating mine and my wives intention to drink part 
of it with them within about a fortnight; and that had sent 
Brother Longfellow's inclosed in one p Mr. Richardson. 
Brother Longfellow's dated at London June, 11**, comes 
home by the next. His father alive and well. 



62 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD MILTON. 

To JScho. JUUton Carpenter at Sandwich, 

Sept'. 26, 1687. 

Cap* Tho. Tupper tells me that he hath bargained 
with you to build a convenient comfortable Meetinghouse 
for the Natives at Sandwich ; the Dimensions about four 
and twenty foot in Length, about Eighteen foot broad, 
with two Galleries. To be finished for Thirty pounds, not 
above one Third in Money. Now if it may any way for- 
ward the work, I do engage that upon finishing of the 
work, you shall not miss of your Pay. I am 

Your friend and serv*., Sam. Sewall.^ 



MEMORANDUM. 



Sep* 30*^ 1687. Writt by Joshua Raymond a Copy 
of his Unkle Richard's account, Balance of which is 
^7-12-5, desiring him speedily to send it me. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS GARDENER. 

To Mr. Tho, Gardener of M. \Muddy\ Biver. 

• OctobT 3, 1687. 

' Sir, — I have often spoken to you and yours about 
your Debt, and madfe you advantagious propositions. I 
now stand in need of the Money more than formerly, 
to take up an Obligation of my own, and would have 
this thing finished in your Life-time. I am very lothe 
to grieve one whom I so much respect: but if some 
effectual Course be not taken this week, I must shew 

^ There are frequent references in the early part of the Letter-Book to the 
building of this meeting-house at Sandwich, showing the deep interest which 
Sewall took in forwarding the work. The whole transaction is eminently 
characteristic of Sewall. While it presents him in the light of a generous 
and public benefactor, it also shows his shrewdness and careful attention to 
details in the expenditure of the money so freely contributed. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 63 

you that I have your hand and seal, which I have been 
told you question. 

I am your real friend, S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN RICHARDSON. 

To Mr, John Hichardson. From Boston. 

October 10*^, 1687. 

Honoured Sir, — I was last week out of the Town 
with my wife at a place called Sherbom, and got not home 
till Friday in the After-noon, at what time I met your 
Loving Letter. But M' Lunt having been several times 
at my House in my absence, I fear'd his being gon, and 
saw him not till this morning, so that have scarce any 
time to receive or make Propositions : Only at your 
desire I will send him to see the Town, and if there 
be a mutual liking, so that he be improved among 
you, he must have Victura and Amictum with something 
to buy a few necessary Books yearly; which you may 
please to signifie to the select Men and upon their Ac- 
ceptance of the person, I shall be ready to agree upon 
their Terms, the species and whole circumstances being 
laid down before me. 

My service to your self and Mis. Richardson and to Mr. 

Woodbridge. Sir, yours obliged, 

Sam. Sewall. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Novf 2?, 1687. To Richd. Dumer Esqr., for his 
Approbation as to Seth Shove's Teaching School at 
Newbury. 

Novf 2^, 1C87. To Brother Longfellow, inclosing 
a Letter of Procuration, and Livoice from one Edward 
Lloyd of London. 



64 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

SAMUEL SEWALL AND OTHERS TO JOHN RICHARDSON. 

Boston, 10 November, Anno 1687. 

Mr. John Richardson. 

Sm, — The bearer Nathaniell Man Commander of the 
ketch Fidelity being bound from this Portt to Bilboa and 
from thence to Bristol! [and] home, we order to putt into 
your hands on our Joynt accountt, the fraight she makes, 
allso the produce of the ketch, having ordered him to sell 
her att your port in case a Tolerable price will be given ; 
and that an oppertunity offer to bring of our effects, de- 
sireing your assistance to the Master in the Sale of our 
ketch ; and if our ketch will sell then we desire her pro- 
duce with the fraight be invested in six tone of shott, of 
which three ton Goose, two tone Duck, one tone pigeon, 
and the remainder in naills, viz : one halfe 10"^, one fourth 
part 8^, and one fourth part in 2 and 3^ hobbs and 4^ 
naills, and in case the ketch do nott sell, then send the 
same proportion for his freight mony. Reffering you to 
our perticeler Letters, we subscribe. 

Your friends and Servtf, 
Whatt Iron may come to your Sam^.^ Sewall. 

hands for either of our accountts, E^ Hutchinson. 

send in specia, uiiles you are Peter Seargent. 

otherwise pertickerly ordered 
by any of us. 

SAMUEL SEWALL AND OTHERS TO NATHANIEL MAN. 

Boston, New England, November 10, 1687. 

Mb. Nath^ Man.i 

Our desire and order is you take the first oppertunity 
of Wind and Wether and sail with our Ketch Fidelity 
(whereof you are Commander) directly for the port of 
Bilboa, and Grod granting you safely to arrive there, 
deliver your Lading according to Bill of Lading, and 
having received your freight, viz : one ps of fa kentoU 

1 Orders : Sails Nov'. 11*. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 65 

ould pay, if that be nott in p" of f that weigh 17*^ weight, 
then itt will be best to gett them exchanged into weight 
of mony on the best termes you can ; which with whatt 
our severall Correspondences shall putt a board you on 
any of our accotts, and gett whatt freight you can, and 
proceed directly for BristoU and deliver whatt you have 
on our Joint accotts to Mr. Jn? Richardson, in his absence 
to Mr. Michaell Pope to attend our orders for their dis- 
posall thereof, and if a good price offer for the sale of 
our Ketch to her worth, you have Liberty to embrace itt. 
You know the goodness of her Hull and how well she is 
found, therefore leave the value of her to your Discres- 
sion in such case of sale, her produce and the aforesaid 
freight mony from Bilboa. Mr. Richardson hath our 
orders for the disposall of itt. If you sell your vessell 
your men will demand there wages ; itt is reasonable to 
discount for the difference of mony. Butt if you do nott 
sell att Bristol! bring from Mr. Richardson whatt he shall 
Loade for us or any of us, and what freight you can gett, 
and make all possible dispatch Home. Thus wishing you 
a good voyage we rest, 

P. if you sell nott your ves- Your Ser^ friends and 
sell att Bristoll nor can gett a owners, 
full fraight, tobacco pipes will do Sam*? Sewall. 

well, which putt Mr. Richard- E* Hutchinson. 

son in mind to send, which we Peter Seargentt. 

forgett to mention In general! 
Letter to him, and 3 boxes 
long pipes the best glazed. Nathaniel Man. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN SHORT AND CO. 
To Mr. John Short and Company at BiWoa |? tJie Fiddtty. 

Nov! 10*, 1687. 

Sir, — These Inclose a Bill of Lading for two Hundred 
sixty seven quintolls and a half of good Mearchantdable 

VOL. I. — & 



66 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

cod fish, shipped on Board of Ketch Fidelity, NathH Man 
Commander, Which have consigned to your self outt 
of the produce of itt. I desire you to reimburse your 
self the third part of 3139 Ryalls Platte mentioned to be 
due to you from the owners of said Ketch, in yours 
bearing Datte the 19*^ of last June. I intreatt you 
to sell the fish for as good a price as you can, itt 
being very good, and seeing we shall have disadvantage 
by the K. of Spain's Pragmatica, would have you 
consider itt whatt you may, in payment of the ballance 
due to your self. Whatt with the Longnes of the 
run, Custome In England and Lownes of Commodityes 
Here, have had a losing voyag of itt. Whatt remaines 
after the payment of fraight and the J of your Debt, 
lay outt in good Iron free of cracks and flawes. Consigne 
itt to Mr. John Richardson Merchant In BristoU. Re- 
questing your assistance for the speedy convenient 
Dispatch of the vessel I take leave who am. 

Sir, your friend and serv*. 



SAILING ORDERS TO NICHOLAS BOWE. 

Boston, Nov. 14, 1687. 

Mb. Nicholas Bow.^ 

You. are to take the first opertunity of winds and 
weather to sail with the Ketch Endeavour (whereof 
you are Master) for the Hand of S"* Christophers, where 
when it shall please God to bring you, you are to gett 
in your fraight mony and use diligence to procure 
so much upon fraight for this place, as with the effects 
of your fraight mony and what you carry of the 
owners may fill up the Ketch, and then you are with 
all convenient speed to direct your course homeward 
for Boston; butt if you cannot neer fill up the Ketch, 
you may leave the fraight mony in the hand of Thomas 

1 sails Noy; 16. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 67 

Marshall, to be sent home upon some good Bottome, 

in goods fitt for this port. And then you may proceed 

for Salt Tortuga [?] and there take in Loding of good 

fair small saltt free from shells and mother, and bring 

itt home with you. In all things you are to make all 

possible dispatch considering the dayly charge your 

of [to your] owners which goe with you, viz: Thomas 

and Abraham Jones whom you are to advise with in 

matters of difficulty. And seeing all preservation and 

success depends on the Blessing of God, you must take 

care thatt he be duly worshipped by your self, and 

all your Company during the whole terme of the voyage ; 

which thatt itt may be prosperouse is the desire and 

prayer of your friends and owners. 

The above are a Coppy of my orders received from 

my Owners, as wittnes my hand, 

Nicholas Bowe. 

samuel sewall to [edward hull?] 

Boston, N. E., Nov. 29, 1687. 

Loving Cousin, — I received yours with the Prints, 
Goods and accountt, by which I find something due to 
you, to ballance which I hope you will have received be- 
fore this comes to your hand, and something to pass to my 
Creditt from Mr. Stork of Rumsey; whereby I am em- 
boldned to send for the following particulars, viz : thirty 
Duz. of Cours hair sive bottomes of four foott, five Duz. 
middle ditto four foott, twenty Duz. of small strainers, five 
Duz. of Lawn sive bottomes, bordered with red Leather, 
also five duz. of Middleing Wickar Fans to fan Com with. 
Fill up with Blew Linnin and the [three] peices of good 
Norwich Stuffs, one sad Coloured, the other two of Light 
Colours for children, each of a different Coulour ; if you 
should nott have mony I will speedyly reimburse you. If 
you could Light of a good Map of Hampshire, and send 
me by Eleazer Russell or any other I should be glad. 



68 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Capt. Elisha Hutchinson a worthy Gentleman of this 
town, saild in Wild Last Monday for London. I had 
bought an Hand within about a League of Boston before 
I received yours by Mr. Newgatte, so cannott purchase 
his. Butt shall help him whatt I may.* His unkle 



1 What island John Newgate had for sale, which he wished Sewall to 
purchase, does not appear, but the island which Sewall had recently pur- 
chased was undoubtedly Hog Island. 

As this island has a history of some interest, especially under the Andros 
government, a brief account of it will be given. 

The fact Is not without its importance, as bearing upon a question here- 
after to be considered, that this island, instead of being sold to individuals 
competent to take in their own right, as parties to a deed, was, March 4, 1635, 
" granted to the inhabitants of Boston, to enjoy to them, their heirs and suc- 
cessors, that shall inhabit there, forever, paying to the Treasurer [of the 
Massachusetts-Bay Company] for the time being the yearly rent of iiij*, and 
the former rent of iij* is remitted to them." (1 Col. Rec. 139.) 

November 10, 1634, the town, acting under a previous grant of the Com- 
pany, recorded 1 Col. Rec. 115, ** ordered that Hog Island shall be let out 
unto the inhabitants and freemen of this town according to the number of 
names in every family, by John Coxall, William Brenton and John Sanford, 
and that none shall further fell any wood there until the same be lotted out." 
(1 Town Records, 41.) 

It further appears from the town records that the town, either by allot- 
ments or grants, from time to time, disposed of its interest in the island, and 
that finally the fee became vested in Major Thomas Savage, Elias Maverick, 
and John Newgate, in severalty, — Savage's portion being the greater part. 
These several estates in the island became the property of Sewall and his 
wife. 

Several facts which will become of interest in connection with Sewall 's 
proceedings should be noted here. 

1. By the charter. Sir Henry Rosewell and his associates and their succes- 
sors were made **a body corporate and politique, among other things," to 
have, take, possess, acquire and purchase any lands, &c.) and '* the same to 
have, grant, demise, alien, bargain, sell and dispose of as other our liege people 
of this our realm of England, or any other corporation or body politique of 
the same may lawfully doe." They ** may have a common seal, to be used 
in all causes and occasions of the said company." (Charter, 1 Col. Rec. 10.) 

2. The grants of the Massachusetts-Bay Company were never made by 
deed, still less by deed under seal ; nor was the conveyance by livery and seizin^ 
but by vote, — to the town, eo nomine^ or to the inhabitants of the town, or to 
individuals. By similar votes the towns disposed of these lands by allotments, 
and sometimes reserved tracts to be used in common, for pasturage, or wood- 
lands. 

These modes of procedure, even if valid in strictness of law, were doubt- 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 69 

Mr. Simeon Lind died a week' agoe. Col Lidgetts 
Mother was buried Satterday was fortnight. Connect- 
less irregular ; and upon the overthrow of the charter were made the ground 
of claims which imperilled the interests of the colonists in their estates. 

Sewall and his wife became purchasers of the greater part of Hog Island, 
by deed of Ephraim Savage, one of the sons, and executor of the will, of 
Major Thomas Savage. The consideration of the deed was £ 20(50 current 
money of New England ; and the grant included '* all that Island and Islands, 
as well the greater as the less, called and known by the name of Hogg Island 
or Islands, within the limits of Boston, near unto a place called Rumney 
Marish, containing by estimation 498 acres, more or less, in my actual pos- 
session and improvement now being." The westerly bound is the creek com- 
monly called Crooked Laue,^ running between these Islands and Noddles 
Island. There is a reservation of two lots of marsh towards the northerly 
side of the island, lying on the northerly side of a great creek, one of them 
called Mr. Maverick's Marsh, not exceeding twenty acres ; and the other 
called Mr. Newgate's Marsh, not exceeding seven acres ; and a small piece 
on the southeast of said island, not exceeding four acres, belonging to James 
Bill. 

Savage covenants that he is sole owner, and warrants the title. He adds 
that the ** above written bargain and sale of the lands, and other premises 
within mentioned, and the money by me received in consideration thereof, is 
for the enabling of ine to fulfil the last will and testament of my above-named 
father, Major Thomiis Savage, and to be employed for the payment of his 
just debts and legacies." 

Included in this deed, is a schedule of personal property which went with 
the estate, and is as follows: \* Seven oxen and Steers. Eight cows. One 
hundred and sixty sheep. Thirteen swine, none under half a year old. Two 
horses and one mare. Four stocks of Bees. Three Turkey Hens and one 
Cock. Twelve Dunghill Fowles. One boat with mast, saile, oars and road." 

The deed bears date April 21, 1687, and was acknowledged before Wait 
Winthrop, and recorded with Suffolk Deeds, lib. 15, fol. 181. 

To the record of the deed is appended the following memorandum : ** That 
livery of seizin, peaceable and quiet possession of the lands and hereditaments 
within mentioned to be granted with the members and appurtenances thereof 
and other premises was made and given by Ephraim Savage the grantor, 
received and taken by Samuel SewaU grantee. To hold unto the said Sam- 
uel Sewall and Hannah his present wife and their heirs and assigns. To Uie 
use of them, their heirs and assigns forever according to the tenor, form and 
effect of the within written Deed, 2d. of May 1687. In presence of us 
James Hill, Joshua Moodey, Joseph Parson, Thomas Oakes, Isa. Addington, 
Penn Townsend, Seth Perry." ^ Entered for record April 19, 1692. 

1 This description enables us to identify the passage by which Increase Mather, April 
8, 1688, secretly made his way to the ship President lying outside the harbor, on his voyage 
to England. See Diar>', I. 210. 

3 Similar proceedings between the same parties were had in respect to a grant of land 
near the common or training field. (Liber 15, fol. 182.) 



70 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

icutt was taken under this Government a few weeks 
since. We are all well and remembred to you. Have 



Sewall subsequently purchased the Maverick and Newgate marshes, and 
took livery and seizin of them. (See Diary, I. 210, 228.) 

The following extracts from Sewall's Diary throw light upon the transact 
tion : — • 

*' April 8 [1687] I goe to Hog-Island with Cous. Savage, to view the place. 
(Diary, I. 172.) 

*' May 2 I goe to Hog-Uand. Mr Moodey, Cakes, Capt. Townsend, and 
Seth Perry in one Column; Capt. Hill, Mr Parson and Mr Addington 
in the other, witness my taking livery and seizin of the Hand by Turf and 
Twigg and the House. (76. 176.) 

** July 1. 1687. Went to Hog-Hand. ... As went, saw a Surveyor with 
two red-coats, and another measuring and surveying Noddles-Iland. {lb. 181 .) 

*'Nov. 15th. Began to lay down the Wharf at Hog-Hand, went thither 
with Mr. Newgate. (75. 195.) 

"Wednesdy. May 12. [1688] Went to Hog-Hand with Mr Newgate, 
where by appointment we meet with Cousin Savage trying to adjust the dif- 
ference between them as [to] said Newgate's claim of Marsh. (lb. 212.) 

" July 12. Mr. Jno. Hubbard tells me there is a Writt out against me for 
Hog-Tsland, and against several other persons for Land, as being violent in- 
truders into the King's Possession. (76. 219.) 

.**July 14. Jeremiah Belcher comes and brings me the Information Mr 
Sherlock left with him on Thursday last in the Afternoon, when he served on 
him a Writt of Intrusion." (76. 220.) 

Sewall's apprehensions proved well founded, as appears by the above entry 
in his journal. His tenant, Jeremiah Belcher, had been served with a writ 
of intrusion by direction of the Audros government, and he calls upon Savage, 
his grantor, to ** consider seriously what may be most proper for defence " 
under his general warranty of title, which was threatened by the above pix>- 
ceedings. His letter may be seen on page 87. 

But after a few days' thought on the subject, Sewall seems to have con- 
cluded that his safest course would be to make his peace with Andros ; and 
consequently, instead of defending the suit, or relying upon Savage's war- 
rantv, he addressed the Governor as follows: — 

" To Sir Edmund Andros Knight, Capt. General and Governour in Chief of 
His Majesties Territory and Dominion of New England in America, the 
humble Petition of Samuel Sewall of Boston. Sheweth. 

*' That whereas your Petitioner stands seized and possessed of a certain 
Island or Islands, comonly called and known by the name of Hogg- Island, 
lying scituat near Boston aforesaid, in the present tenure and occupation of 
one Jer. Belcher, having been peaceably and quietly possessed by your 
Petitioner and his Predecessors for the space of fourty years or upwards by 
past: 

** And whereas the said Belcher hath been lately served with a Writt of 
Intrusion at His Majesties suit. And your Petitioner not being willing to stand 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL 8EWALL. 71 

layd outt for a [?] which shall send as soon as can 
after procured. Sir, your friend and serv*. 

suit, but being desirous of His Majesties Confirmation for the said Island or 
Islands: 

** He therefore humbly prays your Excellencies favour that he may obtain 
His Majesties Grant and Confirmation of the said Hogg-Island, with the mem- 
bers and Apurtenances thereof, unto your Petitioner his Heirs and Assigns 
forever under the Seal of His Majesties Territory. To be holden of His 
Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, upon such moderat Quit-Rent as your 
Excellency shall please to order. 
** And your Petitioner shall ever pray. " Sam. Sew all. ^ 

" Presented the above written Petition to the Govemour with my own hand 
July 24«^ 1688. 

** July 26^. 'T was read in the Council, and an order made upon it for a 
survey." (Diary, I. 221.) 

The absence of the Council records at this date leaves us in doubt 
whether the proceedings were consummated. 

There are two interesting letters to Increase Mather, then in England, 
dated respectively July 24, and Oct. 8, 1G88, in which Sewall gives some 
account of his motives; and from circumstances there mentioned, and the 
overthrow of Andros's government April 18 of the next year, it is not clear 
that Sewall ever took a deed from the King's Governor. (Diary, I. 229, 
231.) 

In April, 1687, — six months after the advent of Sir Edmund Andros, — 
Sewall is found adding to the deeds then common, and expressly authorized 
by the ordinance of 1052, a memorandum of a proceeding scarcely, if ever, 
previously known in the colony, and one which is equally uncommon in the 
history of our land-titles. The year previous — June 11 — he had waited on 
the council of the new government, took the oath of allegiance, and received 
a new commission as captain in the militia; and in August, 1688, after con- 
siderable hesitation, he finally yielded to the force of circumstances and peti- 
tioned for his Majesty's grant and confirmation of Hog Island. 

What were the circumstances which led Sewall to a course seemingly at 
variance with that pursued by many of the friends of the old government? 

On the abrogation of the charter, in 1684, it was claimed by its opponents 
and feared by its friends, that all rights acquired under it, together with the 
privileges which from long use seemed to have become a part of it, would be 
subverted; and especially that the lands, with all the improvements thereon, 
would revert to the Crown. There could have been no doubt that by the law 
as it then stood — and the same is law to-day — all unsold lands would thus 
revert. 

Whether the charter was justly set aside, was a matter of no account with 
the Andros government, or even with the colonists themselves. That it had 
been overthrown there was no manner of doubt ; nor that it had been done by 



1 Mass. Arch. Vol. 129, 110; and printed in SewalFs Diary, I. 220. 



72 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL DWIGHT. 

Mr. Nathaniel Dwight. 

Sir, — Am in hopes you will sell that pickled Bass well 
for understand that its much enquired after in the West 

a court of competent authority, acting within the sphere of its jurisdiction. 
And with this revocation of the charter certain legal consequences followed. 

As has been said, all unsold lands reverted immediately to the crown. 
But what lands were sold? Such only as had been conveyed by a compe- 
tent grantor to a competent grantee, in some one of the modes known to the 
law, or to which title had been acquired by prescription. Unfortunately for 
the colonists, few of their estates would answer either description. 

For though the Bay Company had a right by its charter to buy and sell 
lands, it could do so, it was claimed with much show of legal reason, only in 
conformity to the laws which regulated corporations. One of these rules 
applying to corporations was that they could not create corporations, — that 
being the prerogative of the crown. Another was, that corporations can do 
no legal act except under seal. 

Applying these principles to the questions then before the colonists, and 
adopting the construction generally entertained at the time, and by high au- 
thority since, it appears that the corporation had undertaken to erect towns 
into corporations within a corporation, — the prerogative of the King, — and 
to make to these quasi-corporations grants of lands, which were subsequently 
divided among the inhabitants of such towns by allotment. The result would 
be that if the towns were not legal bodies, they could neither take nor convey 
lands; and if this objection were removed, such grants, not being under 
seal, would be invalid. From which it would follow that all the lands — 
comprising the greater part in the colony — never having legally passed out 
of the Company, reverted to the Crown on the dissolution of the corporation 
by scire facias in 1684. 

It was no answer to the Andros government, nor does it avail us now, to say 
that the colonists regarded themselves, from their first coming, as a virtually 
independent people, with a government proper of their own, and not merely 
a corporation under a charter, the powers of which they had enlarged at their 
pleasure, and whose limitations they had set aside whenever their convenience 
required them to do so. The Crown took an entirely different view of the 
matter, and brought the charter and the people who claimed their lands under 
it to the rules of law then generally recognized in judicial tribunals. Nor was 
the construction of the law by these tribunals legally doubtful. On essential 
points it has received the judicial approbation of some of the most eminent of 
American jurists. The whole matter is discussed with great learning and 
ability in the note to the case of Commonwealth v. Roxhury, 9 Gray's Reports, 
503-528. 

If, as seems to have been the opinion of Chief Justice Parsons, the rev- 
ocation of the charter involved the revocation of all laws made under it, 
then all conveyances of lands which rested, for their validity, upon the 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 73 

Indies ; dont know butt itt may goe of [f] in the lieu of 
Salmon; pleas to send the effects in good Rum 4 or 5 

ordinance of 1641 would be worthless, whether under the seal of the cor- 
poration or otherwise. 

By order of the General Court, Oct. 19, 1652, reciting that ** whereas the 
way of passing houses and lands by sale, in England, is both peaceable and 
effectual, namely, by deed in writing, sealed and delivered with livery and 
seizin, or possession given of the same before witnesses, or by deed acknowl- 
edged and enrolled, or by suing a fine, and that divers within this jurisdic- 
tion are apt to rest upon a verbal bargain or sale for houses and lands of any 
value," the court ordered *' that hencefoi*th no sale or alienation of houses or 
lands in this jurisdiction shall be held good in law, except the same be doHB 
by deed by writing, under hand and seal, and delivered, and possession given 
upon part, in the name of the whole, by the vendor, or his attorney so author- 
ized under hand and seal, unless the said deed be acknowledged according to 
law, and recorded." (3 Col. Rec. 280.) 

Such seems to have been the general practice before the overthrow of the 
charter, — to rely upon conveyances under seal, acknowledged and recorded; 
and until the year in which Sewall purchased Hog Island, the taking possession 
by livery and seizin, by twig and turf, appears to have been of rare occurrence. 
Sewall added to the ordinary deed a taking of possession by a double-headed 
procession of dignitaries whose movements must have been both mysterious 
and impressive to the younger children of Goodman Belcher, the tenant. 

The proceedings raise a question as to the purpose of this unusual course 
in conveying real estate. K the effect of the revocation of the charter was 
to repeal all ordinances passed under it, and among others, those respecting 
the conveyance of real estate, in what manner could people alienate their real 
property ? At common law, livery and seizin was indispensable to the con- 
veyance of land by feoffment. This had been modified in £ngland by stat- 
ute; but did the statute apply to the colonies? If not, then the validity of 
conveyances in which livery and seizin were omitted, would stand or fall with 
the colonial laws. Apparently this was SewalPs reasoning on the subject; 
and to meet the final decision of the question either way, he followed the 
ordinance of the colony, and supplemented that by the common-law procedure. 

That the colonists were seriously alarmed is beyond question, and they 
sought to strengthen their position by all possible means. To this end they 
sought releases from the miserable descendants of the native chiefs, hoping 
thereby to set up a title older than that of the King. But they must have 
been aware that by the law as it then stood, the Indians were entitled to 
nothing but the use of lands, the fee being in the Crown by the right 
of discovery. Probably it was a realization of the unsubstantial basis of 
all these schemes to acquire valid title to his estates that led Sewall finally 
to petition the King's Governor for relief, as has been recorded. 

The examination which the editors have given to the subject has led them 
to believe that Andros's course respecting land titles was much misrepresented 
or exaggerated during the troublous days in which he was governor, and has 
not been thoroughly understood by some who have since written on the sub- 
ject. But this is not the place to enter upon its history. — Eds. 



74 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

hogsetts if the mony hold outt ; doubt not butt rum will 
be very cheap next summer : if the mony hold . outt 
send a barrell or two of shopp sugar and 3 or 4 sugar 
loves, if to be had reasonable, withoutt Master order you 
otherwise. 

Boston. N. E., Nov. 26, 1687. 

Mr Dwight, the wind springs up fair so suppose you 
will come to saill, therefore shall only desire you to fol- 
low the abovesaid directions. Except you meett with a 
good Bill of Exchange and that will amount to 20* or 
above, then gett them payable to Mr. Edw? Hull att 
the Hatt in hand within Algate. Acquaint Mr. Foster 
with your Busines, thatt so if you should be ill he may 
look after itt. Enquire after mony of mine in the hand 
of Mr. Henry Higginson when he dyed. If Mr. Rayns- 
ford be there he can direct you. Use importunity and 
se[e] whott may be gott. Solicitt Mr. Pilgrim to whom I 
sent my writtings some years agoe. Wishing you Pros- 
perity in soul and body, I take Leave, who am sir, your 
friend and servt. 

Boston, Dec. 2, 1687. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN PILGRIM. 

To Mr, John Pilgrim at Barbados ^ Ndth, Dwight^ in Mr, 

Michd, Foster. 

December 2, 1687. 

Sir, — I writt to you a Letter bearing date Octf 10^?, 
1685, with writings inclosed, referring to Goods consign'd 
to Mr. Henry Higginson by my self, of which have had no 
account or effects sent me. This Letter I sent by Mr. 
Nathanael Green ; but have received no answer from your 
self : And it being now more than two years agoe, I take 
this oportunity to put you in mind of my Business. What- 
ever be done with Mr. Higginson's own estate, it is utterly 
unreasonable that the estates of other men should be buried 
with him, and no account given of them. I have no 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 75 

Acquaintance or Correspondent dwelling on your Island ; 

wherefore as I was at first advised to your self I would 

intreat you to do the uttermost you can on my behalf, 

paying your self first, and sending me the Remainder, or 

Consigning it to Mr. Edw. Hull at the Hat and Hand 

within Algate in London, as I writt to you before ; and 

please to favour me with an answer by the bearer, or by 

Mr. R. Foster Master of the Ship. I spoke to Mr, Rayns- 

ford while he was in Town ; If he should be there at the 

receipt of this, I intreat him to forward my Concern, and 

I shall not be ingratefuU to him. 

S.S. 



MEMORANDUM. 



Sithes for N. England. Long sort, strong, flat Backs, 
narrow Plates, strong Heels, hard mettal'd. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN RICHARDSON. 

Boston, N. E., Decb., 1687. 

Mr. John Richardson,^ 

Sir, — Mr. Hutchinson, Seargent and my Self writ to 
you a Joint Letter Dated November 10 last past, respect- 
ing our concernment in the ketch Fidelity, about which 
I hope you will do the best you can in our behalf. I 
would intreat you to send me for my own proper ac- 
countt, Six Duz, Sithes of a pretty long sort, with strong 
flatt backs, narrow Plattes, strong heells, being hard met- 
tald ; six duz of rub stones, twenty Duz. of good strong ser- 
viceable knives with bone Horn and Wooden hafts ; For 
which pleas to sell some of my Iron. I shall not trouble 
you more att this time, butt refer you to the Generall 

Letter. 

Sir, I am yoiur friend and serv*. 

— _ . - - ■ ■ — 

1 Foye sails xr. 7***. 



76 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

JanT 13, 168f Writ to Father Sewall p Jn? Efaery 
inclosing three Letters for Brother Longfellow from Eng- 
land, and sent a packet of Sir Shove's j) the same person. 

Janf 13, Writ to Mr. Caleb Moodey inclosing his can- 
ceird Bond: Sent Thanks for my Sturgeon. Liclos'd 
Jn^ Kents' cancell'd Bill in my Father's Letter, 

Febr. 9% 168f Writt to Father Sewall of our Re- 
covery of the Measles, p Joseph Poor, to whom also I 
gave my Mothers shoes and Golowshoes to carry them to 
her. 

March 6, 168f To Mr. Edw. Taylor about the Mag- 
deburg Centuries,* send them not because two wanting : 
are but 11, whereas ought to be 13. These 11. under 
six covers enclos'd an Almanack. 

March 17, 168|. Writt to Father Sewall p Skipar 
Poor and sent the things Dr. Weld prescrib'd for my 
Mother, with a bagg of ^ Peny Bisket, and a Duzen of 
Oranges, Writt to Brother Jn*! Sewall for a Flitch of 
Bacon such as had last year. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

Boston, N. E., March 31, 1688. 

Mb. John Ive.^ 

Sir, — I gladly received yours dated September 20, 1687, 
bringing the wellcoine News of the Determination of Mr. 

^ The ** Ceuturiae Magdeburgenses," so called from the city in which it 
was prepared, compiled by a number of Lutherans, chief of whom was 
Fiaciua niyriciis (Mathias Francowitz), of the University of Jena, and a bit- 
ter opponent of Melanchthon. It gives a complete history of church matters 
from earliest times down to the period of the Reformation. Mosheim is 
quoted as having called it ** an immortal work." — Eds. 

2 ^ mr. Taner, 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 77 

Gee's Captivity after so long and Laborious a repetition of 
No news of Joshua Gee.^ He, knowing the heart of a Cap- 
tive, is earnest with me for the thirty pounds remaining in 
your hand, that it might be imployed in ransomeing Benja- 
min Halawell as your above recited Letter makes mention 
he was with you. Wherefore I agree and order that it ly 
in your hand to be disposed of for that end and that you 
engage Mr. Robertson fourty pounds more according as 
Mr. Gee desired ; and if necessity require, That you be- 
come obliged to said Robertson for a full Hundred pounds 
rather then the Redemption should faill. Upon Notice 
of said Halawells Redemption^ not exceeding one Hun- 
dred pounds, I undertake and promise that eflFectuall Bills 
shall be drawn here to reimburse Mr. Robertson, paya- 
ble att twenty dayes sight. As for the measures to be 
used in treating with Mr. Robertson, I leave to Mr. Gees 
advice : only I would intreat you to do what may be by 
your self or with Mr. Robertson, to procure the King's 
Bounty, or the Bishops, Because the estate of the Hala- 
wells is but little, and that much exhausted by law suits, 
and but an ill time to sett on foot a Contribution here. 
The Goods amounting to £ 77 : 13 : 4 came safe. About 
a week since I received yours of December 20 with a 
gazett describing Dublins Inundation, for which I thank 
you. Mr. Nowell^ is well att London I hope before 
now. 

MEMORANDUM. 

To Mr. Bdw. SuU $ Taner. 

April 2, 1688. 

Thank him for his Prints. Sent him a Raccoon : paid 
Joseph Marion for taking care of it p the way : Com and 

1 See Sewall's Diary, L 199; IT. 20*, 408 note. —Eds. 

« See SewalVs Diary, I. 375. — Eds. 

* Samuel Nowell, one of the colony assistants, and treasurer of Harvard 
Ck)llege; bom at Charlestown, 1634, died in London, Sept., 1688, whither 
he had gone to act with Mather in support of the Old Charter. — Eds. 



78 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL, 

fish good diet for him. Three Indian Children burnt to 
death this day senight at night. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO CAPTAIN GARY. 

Boston, N. E., ApriU 5, 1688. 

CapT Gary. 

Sir, — I desire you when it shall please God to bring 
you to Jamaica, to sell to best advantage the goods 
mentioned on the other side, and lay out some of the 
mony in three baggs of good clean Cotton and four bar- 
rells of good Grocers Sugar, which bring home with 
you, and the remainder in good mony or Bullion. The 
Bill of lading you have inclosed. Deall for me with 
the best skill and dilligence you can, that so I may be 
incouraged to use the Island. 

Wishing you a good voyage thether I take leave 

who am 

Sir, your friend and serv*. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRIDGET USHER. 

To Madam Bridget Usher at Mrs, Lloyd^s in Devonshire Square 

uDithout Bishop* 8 ' Oate ^ Taher} 

April 6, 1688. 

Madam, — I was honoured with both your Letters. Mr. 
Usher refus'd to sign the Letter of Attorney, but hath 
sign'd a script relating to the Revrd. Mr. Sam! Phillips, 
Rob* Williams and widow Tedd : but have not received 
a farthing. Rob* Wills would not pay except tx) those 
who shewed a sufficient order and now the Measles have 

his [torn] away his \tarn\ 

9 

Apr. 6, 1688, p Tanar. 

And 'tis but an ill time to speak to Mr. Phillips because 
of his late sore visitation; Mrs. Payson hardly in her 
right mind since her sickness of the Disease. Notwith- 

1 Ap. 7^ Tafiar sailfl. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 79 

standing I have sent you p Capt. Tanar sixty pieces, eigh- 
teen half-pieces, and one Ryal Mexico, sevil and Pillar 
weighing sixty ounces at 6" 8"? j) ounce. The device on 
the top of the Tabacco stoper sent Mr. Usher, offended 
him exceedingly; I could wish it had been forbom. 
The Lady Andros died January 22, buried Feb. 10, 
generally lamented. Mr. Brown the Father at Salem 
died about the same time. Mrs. Gerrish dead of the 
measles, outliving the Cap! about half a year. Mr. 
Benj. Eliot ^ dead. My service to your self and Mrs, 
Bridget. Madam, your friend &c. 



To Mrs. Bridget Usher ^ Weare, inclosing a second BiU of Lading 
for 69J/7!" eight [^Spanish dollars'] «?! 60 oz. [weighs 60 02.]. 

Have no Light to speake more to Mr, Usher than I have 
about the Candle-sticks. 'Tis uncertain whether they 
will be sent or no. As for £ 21. p anum, there is none 
due p the Mortgage, nor, as I remember, will be without 
some alteration in your family. My Mother and wife pre- 
sent their due Respects and service to your self and Daugh- 
ter. Litend to send these p Madam Blackwell, S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO DOROTHY BIDEB. 

To Aunt Dorothy $ Weare. 

Apr. 6, 1688. 

Dear Aunt, — I received my Cousin Sarah's Letter 
dated July 2 last, giving an account that yoinr malady doth 
not only continue but grow worse. Wherefore having an 
Opportunity, I reckon'd my self obliged to signify to you, 
that the sympathy of your New-England friends with 
you doth yet continue. And indeed the epistle to the 
Hebrews as well as multitudes of other Scriptures com- 
ands that it be so. We are sensibly to remember those 

^ Son of John. See Diary. — Eoa. 



80 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

who suffer adversity, as being our selves also in the body, 
liable to the same pains and sufferings. And sympathy is 
the lowest pa3mient Christians can make to their afflicted 
friends. I doubt not but according to your desire what 
other relief at such a distance can be afforded, will not be 
wanting. And seeing neither I, nor your sister, nor any 
of your Relations can give any reason why God should 
measure out this suffering to you, and not to us : and why 
he had not rather appointed this pain and affliction to us, 
and made you bear your part in sympathizing with us ; 
we are the more engaged to this Duty, which I pray God 
help us to exercise and that more and more, and pardon 
us wherein we fall short. 

Sometimes the consideration of your pain afflicts me ; 
sometimes the Disgrace and such like uncomfortable cir- 
cumstances of your Disease put me to pain ; and yet me 
thinks, too little, and short, and unconstant it is, consid- 
ering I hope to partake in your joy. Beauty, Ease and 
Glory which I hope God hath laid up for you in store, 
and is now preparing and making you more capable to 
receive. About the 261^ of July last, I had my son 
Stephen, a very likely desireable [tom] year old Qom] by 
death. I [tom'] children, bu[t] [tom] to three as to [tom] 
living with me ; [tom] Daughters for whom I desire your 
prayers [that] Christ may be formed in them. They with 
[torn'] family save my Mother in Law, have been ill [of 
mea]sles, but are now finely recovered. This last [tom'] 
has been so mild, that folks have near Hay [torn] another 
winter : And now we are got to the [tom] the wonderfull 
year Eighty-Eight. The [Lord] [tom'] his wonderfull Good- 
ness in protecting and defe[nding his] people, and sur- 
prising and destroying his Ene[mies] [tom] ; particularly 
I desire Gods Grace may be made [sufficient] for your 
self and me, that we may receive the [tom] our Sins, and 
may forsake them for which God [tom'] with us, that we 
may know wherein we have done [wrong] and may doe 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 81 

80 no more, that we may cease from going astray, and by 
Affliction learn to keep God's Word. My Duty to your 
self and Unkle. Love to cousin Sarah, and her Brothers 
and Sisters. Farewell dear Aunt. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN STORKB. 

To cousin StorJce $ Wear^ del%\yerec[] to Hobert Saunders to carry 

into country. 

April 6, 1688. 

I received yours dated July 8, 1687, since which I have 
one from Mr. Hull giving an account of £20. received 
which is very well because I am in his debt, and there- 
fore entreat you to send more to him as fast as you can. 
Send an account what you have received and paid for 
me, and how long the Living has been under your man- 
agement &c., &c. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Cap* Nathaniel Bt^fidd ^ [torn]. 

Ap. 9, 1688. 

Acquaint him with Abraham Perkins's dema[nd] [tom'] 
Lot at Muddy-River which Lot Cap! Clark sold [tom'] a 
general Warranty 1678. Enclos'd a copy of Ba [tom] desir- 
ing him to make provision for defence as [torn] speedily 
as may be, Perkins married Haiiah the [daughter] of 
Beamsly. Return the Will. Mr. Mather [tom] the Presi- 
dent on Satterday about 6. P. M. having [tom] days in the 
Bay for that purpose.^ Service &c. 

Ap. 9, 88. Gave Mr. Geer of Nantucket [tom] ordering 
him to call for 48? of Jno. Souther [tom] Iron for more 
than Six years. 

1 This alludes to the voyage of Increase Mather to England, in behalf of 
the colony. (See Diary, I. 209; and Palfrey, Hist. N. E. m. 557.) 

VOL. I. — 6. 



82 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Apr. 20, 1688. To Mr. Edw. Taylor. Have the six 
Centuriators in a Box on board Southmead [tom'] of Lima 
being made a Pool, my conjecture a [tom] Antichristian 
Interest in America being Eup[toni]. Defer sending the 
Sythes awhile ; because expect [some p] Bristow. 

May 10, 1688. To Brother St. Sewall [Enclo]sing Mr. 
Keith's letter to Mr. Hale [tom']. 

168[8]. [To] Brother John Se[wall]. [Send] [ton.] 
ppar Kent with Bible clasped, and [^m] Psalm-Books for 
FamiUes, one apiece. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO PYNCHON. 

Boston, May 30* 1688. 

[Py]nchon. 

[Sir,] — I hoped to have seen you here this Spring, 
the [torn] which occasions these Lines which I send by 
[torn] Eliakim Mather, and intreat that you would [send] 
me an answer. I have now been looking over [tom] Mort- 
gage, and find that they both became [due] — ^^ of this 
moneth was twelve moneth. Mr. Pynchon [tom] gave me 
many encouraging words that the [money] should be 
paid, but I meet not with the performance [tom] though 
had a Considerable Estate In England, and twould have 
been a greatt pleasure to have received it there with due 
abatement; and I perceive severall others [had] their 
Debts paid them that way, whereas I have not received 
[any] thing by bond or Mortgage : And about half that 
small parcell of goods delivered to your order remains 
yet unpaid for. Having purchased Land of Cap^ Savage 
I am more than usually straitned for mony, and therefore 
Entreat you to take an effectual course for the sattisfiiug 
this debt out of hand. Have little News to writ that is 

frese [fresh] [tom]. Judge dyed last Friday att [torn] 

[bu]ried on Sabbath day. Wild is not yett arrived [tom] 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 83 

our Gov- hath been In the Eastern parts [torn'] [m]oneth 
and returned hither last Monday. My service [to your] 
self and Madam Pynchon though unknown. I take leave, 

Sir, your friend and serv* 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SOLOMON STODDARD. 

[To"] Solomon Stoddard ^ Eliakim. 

May 30, 1688. 

[/om] acquainted me with Mrs. Stoddard's desire that 
Elia[kim] [tarn'] her, which have the more readily con- 
sented to, bec[ause] [taml the last oportunity before the 
determination of his Time [torn'] a fortnight. Springfield 
is not in his way, so would [not] go on purpose to deliver 
Col. Pynchon's Letter. Would [tom] Stoddard's Sence as 
to Eliakim's going to Sea, if I [have] occasion to send 
him to Barbadas or Jamaica, or the [tom'] are Unhealthi- 
ness of the Climat, want of God's [toi-n] and good Com- 
pany ; with a pressure of the contrary. Have [tom] taken 
out of Mr, Baxter's volum with a written answer [ton^ 
Opinion about Swearing, which please to return [tom] 
Advise whether had best try to get the Answer printed 
[/am] is lost ; which if true, I have lost above two Hun- 
dred [torn]. Prayer that I may \tom'\ by the loss [torn]. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO PETER BUTLER 

June 12, 1688. 

Mr. Peter Butler. 

I send you inclosed the Receipt of Mr. W? Rugg of 
Barbados. Please to receive of him the Contents in good 
Cotton wool or in want thereof, Melosses, which bring home 
with you, or ship upon some other good Vessel. Desiring 
you to doe the best as for your self, S. S. 

Copy of a Receipt sent ^ Mr. Butler at Barbados, 

Received from Mr. Nathanael Dwiffht for account of 
Cap* Samuel Sewall of Boston in New England eight 



84 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Barrels of Pickell'd Bass fish, which, when the same is 
disposed of, doe promise to make Returns to the said 
Sewall according to the order of the said Dwight. Also 
one Quintal of Fish at eight shillings as witness my 
hand this day 25?" January 168|. 

W^ RUGG. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL THAIR. 

To Mr. Nathaniel T/iair at Barbados ^ P. Butler. 

June 12, 1688. 

Sir, — I have consigned to you twelve Barrels of Alewifes 
as p Bill of Lading inclosed which would have you sell 
for ready Money, and lay that out in good Cotton wool and 
Melosses, shiping it on Mr, Peter Butler, if that may be 
as convenient as another Vessel. If you could enquire 
how Mr. Higginson's business lies, and inform me, should 

thereby obhge your friend and Neighbour, 

S.S 

MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Brother Jn^ Sewall June 15, 88, p Brother 
Moodey with a Remnant of Serge for his young son my 
Namesake, and Dowlace to line it. 

To Father Sewall at the same time acquainting him 
that I had paid Mr. Coffin £3-10-0. Remembf to 
Father, Mother &c. 

To Brother St. Sewall the same Date desiring to see 
him next week according to his promise, and that would 
bring Fathers Deed to him of the Freehold at Newbury. 

June 26, 1688. Writt to my Father, and a Letter 
to Sister Dorothy inclosed in my Fathers, desiring 
her to take my advice. 

The word Sister is so familiar in its use, so sweet 
and pleasant in its signification, that Christ is pleas'd 
to mingle it with the most sweet and say My Sister, 
my spouse. Begining therefore my Letter with so 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 85 

amiable a Name, I hold it not improper to call it a 
Love-Letter. 

June S0% 1688. Writt to Father Sewall p Mr. 
Joseph Bridgham, and to Brother John and Stephen; 
Gave him also the Letter of the 26*?^ not having had 
an oportunity before to convey it. If already engaged 
to any person, and I had known it, would not have 
writt this Letter. Sir Jn? Alborough being dead. Sir 
William Phipps goes for England. We are all well. 
In Brother Stephen's I inclosed the Comencers Theses. 
And with Brother John's sent two p" of eight for his 
Flitch of Bacon yet unsold, worth twelve shillings. 

July 9^. Writt to Brother Stephen Sewall answer- 
ing his of the same date p Sam. Toppan, relating to 
sister Dorothy. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD MILTON. 

To Mr. Edward JUUton. 

July 9*, 1688. 

I received yours of the 3^ Instant. In answer to it say, 
that upon Cap? Tuper's sending me word that the House 
is cieled as it ought to be, I will pay you five and 
twenty shillings in Money, to you, or to your order. 
If it be not well filled between the clapboards and 
the cieling, I doubt the House will be cold. 

S.S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Cousin HvU p Capt. Belchar. 

July 10, 1688. 

I received yours p Foy. Though the party writt for 
midling Fans yet he complains these are too little. I 
hope Mr. Storke hath paid you something considerable 
before now and I have sent you p Belcher sixty five 
f pieces of eight and one Skillet of fine silver, being 



86 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Mexico pieces melted down, weighing in all one hun- 
dred ounces. Supose you had best put oflF the p"? to 
some Merchant who for sake of the Coin may give 
1^ or 2^ in an ounce the more for them. The skillet 
will be proper for a Goldsmith. Bill of Lading is 
inclos'd; 'tis an old bagg having K. F. on it which 

thought not worth while to alter. 

S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL DUMMER. 

To Cousin Nath. Durner ^ Bdcher, 

July 10, 1688. 

Have received my wives Memorandums p Foy. Thank 
you for your pains about them. Glad to hear you 
intend to visit us again; because real friends are the 
principal comfort and relief against the evils of our Life. 
Fear Nath. Man is lost and then I have lost 2 or 300£. 
The Lord set our hearts upon the Riches and honour 
that is durable. Duty to Unkles and Aunts. Love to 
Cousins of whom expect a very particular account 
when you come again, and at present take leave. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRIDGET USHER. 

To Madam Usher at 3fadain Lloyd^s in Devonshire square without 

Bishops Oate London ^ Belc/ier. 

July 10, 1688. 

Have received of Rob* Williams £5-19' Money, 2-1-4. 
Repairs. Enclos'd a Copy of his Disbursments. Write 
to Mr. Phillips. Mr. Josh. Atwaters wife dead. Two per- 
sons killed themselves. [?] Mr. Secretary West went 
to [tarn] beginning of May, is I think to pay about £40, 
p anum only some repairs to be deducted. Mr. Usher 
lives at Mr. Wyllys's. As to his desire respecting your 
coming over, you propound a question to me very 
problematical. All I shall say is. If I have any way 
been the cause of this Breach by doing, or neglecting 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 87 

to doe, I am really sorry for it and desire God to pardon 
and heal. Mothers wives and own service to your self 
and Mrs. Bridget. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EPHRAIM SAVAGE. 

To Cousin Ephr, Savage by Lenox Beverly. 

July 16, 1688. 

Cousin Savage, — There was a Truth in that rumor 
we heard concerning Hog-Island:* for about 3. in the 
afternoon last Thorsday Mr. Sherlock went thither ac- 
companied with another, and serv'd a seaFd parchment 
Writt of Intrusion on Jeremiah Balchor, and left an 
Information with him, a Copy of which I have sent you 
inclosed by Lenox Beverly. I essayed to goe to Hog- 
Island on Friday to see if any such thing had been: 
but by that time came to WinnisiSaet, wind and Tide 
were against us, one Oar broken, so could not proceed : I 
went to the Point and stood a pretty while, but no 
body could hear to fetch me over. On Saterday Goodm. 
Balchor came and brought the Information, a copy of 
which have sent you as I said. You know your con- 
cernment respecting the general Warranty of the Deed, 
Wherefore pray consider seriously what may be most 
proper for defence, and let me speak with you by the 
first opportunity. Be sure let not this unexpected As- 
sault drive you to any Intemperance in your speech. We 
are all well. Sir, your loving cousin and real friend. 

Sam. Sewall. 

memoranda of letters. 

Aug* 17^ To Brother Stephen Sewall of the Birth of 
my son last Wednesday, of Mother Sewall's being here, 
and my desire that he would come hether before her going 
away, that might discourse together : or apoint to meet 
me at Cap* Marshall's, 

^ See ante^ page 68, note. 



88 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Aug* 17, 1688. To Mr. Edward Taylor by Mr. Haw- 
ley of the firkin of sugar sent by Codman marked S. S. 1. 
and the Duz. Sythes and Rubstones fonnerly. And of the 
news received last night of 7 Bishops imprison'd June 8 
last in the Tower .^ And of the Prince bom June the 10*?, 
and of my wives being brought to Bed the 15. Instant. 

Sept^ Q^ Writt to Father Sewall p Mr. Richardson to 
thank him for my Mother's company with us, and to ex- 
cuse my not writing Aug* 24, by reason came suddenly 
away from Salem. Seth's chest of Books, came to day, 
which will send if not Forbidden. Little Joseph exceed- 
ing ill and so hath been for above this week. We have 
now Sons and Daughters living with us ; but how long it 
shall be so is with the Lord. Should be glad to hear of 
Sister Dorothy's being at Salem. Brother wants her 
much by reason sister is fain to be so oft at Cambridge 
with the sick child. Received Sir Shove's^ Letter, and 
thank him for his Intelligence. Shall send Mother's 
Memorandums. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Cousin JEdw, HuU $ GiUam. 

Octt 8, 1688. 

Sen[d] [5hhs.] Melosses and two Barrels of Oyle p Bant. 
Intend to come my self in Clark, if can get away from 
my Friends, had some thoughts of coming in this ship, 
but could not get ready so soon. 



1 Seven bishops (Canterbury, Bath, Chichester, St. Asaph, Bristol, Ely, 
and Peterborough) sent to the Tower for not ordering the reading of the 
King's declaration (see ante^ p. 54, note) for liberty of conscience (intended 
to bring Roman Catholics into ecclesiastical and civil power), June 8 ; tried 
and acquitted, June 29-30, 1688. — Eds. 

« Rev. Seth Shove, H. C. 1687. He is frequently mentioned in the Diary, 
and if not adopted by Sewall, at all events lived with him many years pre- 
vious to the date of this letter. See Sewall's letter to Richardson, July 15, 
1687. Sibley's Harvard Graduates, HI. 400. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 89 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS CROSBY. 

To Mr. Thomas Crosby. 

8T 9«», 1668. 

Send me Oyle to balance your account and a Barrel or 
two of Cramberries carefully put up fit to send for England. 
You let others have your oyle last year to whom you had 
not been indebted so long as to me. Would send p Foy 
who is now ready to Load. 



MEMORANDA. 



OctE 9, 1688. Writt to Mr. Sam? Smith of Eastham 
after the same Tenor as to Mr. Crossby. 

Oc<? 16. Writt to Major Rich Dumer of his Brother 
Capt. Jeremiah's sickness: because visiting Cousin to 
day he bid me tell his Brother as much. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD mJLL. 

To Cousin Edw. HuU ^ Bant. 

Octr 23, 1688. 

These are to inclose a Bill of Lading for five hogsheads 
of Melosses, and two Barrels of Train Oyle p the Meheta- 
bel capt. Bant Comander consigned to your self. Accept 
also a Proclamation set forth by His Excellency relating 
to our present trouble with the Indians. We are all 
well though it is something a sickly time with us here. 
I intend God willing to see you p the next ship of which 
Mr. William Clark is Master. At present I take leave 
remaining your loving Cousin and humble servant. 

Make sale of the goods the best you can for ready 
Money. 



90 LETTEB-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL BARNS. 

Boston, Oct. 26, 1688. 

Mb. Nathaniell Babns. 

Sir, — I bave Consigned to you some tarr fish oyU Pork 
better to the value of fifty odd pounds p the Barque 
Exchange, as you will see j).the Invoice and bill of Lad- 
ing Inclosed signed by the Master Nathaniel Broughton. 
I intreatt you to dispose of them for me after the best 
manner you Can and make returns for England Consigne- 
ing to Mr. Edward Hull att the Hat In hand within 
Algate, Provided you have probabillity that itt may 
turn to accott for me better or as well as to send home 
to Boston. Mr. Allen shewed me the papers repre- 
senting the earnest desire many have after Christ in 
his Ordinances the reading of ^ which gave me great 
pleasure. If such desires Increase, especially if these 
springs Burst forth amonge the Natives too, twill make 
America more Renowned among her sisters Asia Africa 
and Europe for this new Gospell Heaven than for her 
Silver and Gold. And if the tree of life mentioned in 
the two and twentieth of the Revelation should be found 
growing and flourishing in Antego, which doth so plen- 
tifully produce Lignum Vitae, how proper and propor- 
tionable would Gods providences appear to be; and 
how healthy would that place become; I hope the 
Blessing of God will so sueeed the Worthy Gentlemen 
who have Invited Christ, that so it shall be. Pardon 
me. Sir if after this I subjoine a Passage of a far In- 
ferior nature and pray you to send so much Lignum Vitae 
as may make two or three very fair Mortars and pestills 
if they are made of the same. To Cousin Hull I mean 
as the rest. The mention of the tree above brought 
itt to my mind which I thought not off before. We 
are all in health, though tis a sickly time. Many 
good people have died att Windsor of the Fever. 

Sir, your Loving friend and servH 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 91 



MEMORANDUM. 



OctT 30, 88. To cousin Hull the Invoice of Melosses 
and oyle, having miss'd putting it in the Letter p Bant. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr, Jn? Ive |? £arU. 

Oct! 30, 1688. 

Sir, — I received yours of July 4^ giving an accott of 
your readiness to signe a bond In order to procure 
Ben- Hallawells Redemption. Am sorry is like to 
have no lift from the Bounty money. I hope the 
Two Brothers Mr. Lasson Commander may be arrived 
from Antego before these come to London: Intreatt 
your endeavoring to find a- good Markett for her that 
so may have a little money in your hand againe from 
that and her freight and goods which please to dispose of 
for me my right to best advantage. If God succeed 
me, — Intend to see you by the next Shipp, Mr. William 
Clark, who speakes of sailing quickly after this. In 
the mean time I take Leave, who am, sir, your friend 
and serv**. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO ROBERT GRUNDY. 

To Robert Chrundy ^ EUaJcim Robert. 

Nov! 8, 1688. 

You desired me last Wednesday to carry you throw 
Cambridge waters, by which means you were ready 
to relieve Mis. Willard. I have now further occasion 
for you on my own account, to send you forth in the 
expedition against the eastern Indians. Probably ere 
long you may be Press'd, and then you will only have the 
King's Pay: Whereas now I will help to furnish you 
at your setting forth. You know how considerably 
you are indebted, for which I have a Bond under your 



92 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Hand and seal. Upon your serving of me now, I shall 

be willing to forgive great part of the Debt, which with 

the Kings Pay, and some present suply to fit you out, 

will no doubt be sufficient encouragement. Would 

have you come to me with your Arms, if you have any, 

by nine aclock next Monday morning without fail. 

S. S.^ 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

a 

To Cousin EtiU by Capt. Clarke. 

Nov^ 21, 1688. 

Dear Cousin Hull, — These are to enclose a Bill of 

Lading for Eight Hundred and one Ounces of silver, and 

seven ounces of Dust-Gold in two Baggs shipped on Board 

the America Capt. W? Clarke comander, in whom I have 

taken up my passage. But 'tis like the ship, or at least 

the Letters may get to London before me : Wherefore as 

the Consignment is to my self, so I desire you to take it up 

in my behalf. 

I am Sir, your loving Cousin 

Sam. Sewall. 

daniel qumcy to william barron and jonathan short. 

To M: TT? Barron ^ M: Jn"^!" Short of Bilhoa^ $ the ship two 
£r others Gorge JLdsson m^ [master']. 

Augost 10, 1689. 

M? W^ Barron and M? Jn<>™ Short. 

Gen? — In behalfe of Cap* Sam? Sewal and for his proper 
Account, I have Shipt on board the ship two Brothers 
Cap* Gorge Lasson Commander one Hundred kentals of 
Marchandable Cod fish. Pray Sel it for his best advantage 
and remit the mony p bills of Exchang to London unto 
MK Jn? Ives j) the first oj)ortunity. Cap* Sewal being now 
in England^ hope it may Come to his hands before he 

^ Another man was finally secured for this service in place of Grundy. 
See Sewall's Diary, I. 235. — Eds. 

^ For an aooount of Sewall's visit to England during the year 1688 and 
the voyage there and back, see Sewall's Diary, I. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 93 

Comes away and pray give M! Lasson the best advice you 

Can soe as may be most for the owners advantage. Gen* 

I request you would Doe your utmost for Cap* Sewals 

interest in al things. With my Service to your Selves I 

take leave who am your Humble serv* 

Daniel Quinsey. 

Gen* Here is the bil of Loading enclosed. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO ISRAEL CHAUNCEY. 

To Mr, Israel Chauncey at Stratford, 

Boston, Dec»»J 25*?, 1689. 

Sir, — Coming lately from England there wanted not 
Some Probability of my being beholding to the sea ffor a 
buriing Place ; the thoughts of it brought to my Mind the 
kind obligations of Mr. Thomas Parker, And Mr. Charles 
Chauncy. Accordingly I set down in writing my desire 
of having some books bestowed in Remembrance of those 
Nobly Learned and Godly Men. Now God having 
brought me safely hether into the affectionate Embraces 
of my Dear friends and Relations, I Could not give my 
self a Satisfactory reason why I might not become my 
own executor in expressing that Gratitude which Intended 
should have been done after my decease. I therefore 
Intreat your acceptance of Pools Latin Synop[s]is in five 
books. They are at 2'! hand yet I hope Legible. They 
are in a deal Box marked with Ink I C n? 5. If you 
be all ready furnished with them, please to bestow 
them on your son, who Bears the name of his Worthy 
Grand Father.^ I saw Dr. Chauncy Severall times and 
heard him att his Meeting In Mark Lane. Came from 
London the 13^^ August, and from Plimouth not till 
the 10^? of October, so have no late News to acquaint 
you with. 

^ See Sewall's Diary, I. 282, where the same gift is referred to. See post, 
226, note. — £d8. 



94 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

There is an act of Parliment that takes of [f] the penall 

laws Against Protestant Dissenters, upon which they. 

Publickly gave thanks that their Liberty is no Longer 

precarious. K. W"?' Army near Tredah in Ireland. Gen! 

Shamburg was Intrenching K. James Army in the Town. 

Suppose you have heard that the Protestant Pope is dead 

and great bandying about a new Choice. The French 

have been very succesfull in their taking of navall prizes 

In which Calamity N. Engl- has been Notably Concernd. 

Our Court of Assistants is now sitting. Gov' Bradstreet 

Sick att home his pames by reason of the stone and his 

age so great, that we fear his leaving us, which would 

be a sore stroke att this time. If a ffleett come to the 

west Indies this winter we may expect that Lewis and 

severall others will take the benefit of your Convoy and 

so come hether. We need your Prayers that God would 

direct govern and defend N. E. wliich hath att this day 

so many species of enemies. My service to your self and 

Mrs. Chauncy. 

Sir, your friend and serv" 



MEMORANDUM. 



Xr. 30*^, 1689. To Father Sewall p Jn? Topan. To 
Mr. Solomon Stoddard p Perry; who also carries Mr. 
Taylor a Packet for which paid said Perry 18^. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN MAYO. 

To Mr. John Mayo at JEastham, 

Boston, Jan^ 6*^, lr6|^. 

When you were last att my house you spake of return- 
ing hether this winter Laden with oyll if the Ice did not 
hinder; and the season has been such with us that we 
Conjecture you allso have your freedom in that respect. 
And if so, I would Intreat you to make what hast you 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 95 

Conveniently can to me. If the winter prevent you, 
or your Loading of Oyll be not to be had before Spring, 
please to signifie so much to me by the first oppertunity 
of writing. My famyly In health. Gov"". Bradstreett is 
pretty well ffreed of his tormenting paines, takes his rest, 
We hope in order to Recovery. My service to your self 
and Mr. Treat. Sir, your friend and serv" 



MEMORANDUM. 



JanT 13% 16f f Writt to Unkle Quinsey p Reginald 
Odel, thanking for's valedictory Letter at my going to 
England, desiring his Prayers that may be fitted for what 
shall be allotted me in the remainder of my Life ; Enclos- 
ing the Warrant which W. Veasy deliver' d me last Sat- 
terday. This day Joseph Eliot carries the Council's 
Letter to Mr. Wis wall at Duxbury.^ 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO .« 

Boston In Newengland, Feb 4?», 16fJ. 

Dear Cousin, — Through the Goodnes of God I have 
to tell you that I got well to Portsmouth the 29*? of 
November ; from whence travelled by Land to Newbery 
the next day, where Lodged and kept the Sabbath in the 
embraces of my dear Relations and friends. Upon Mondy 
December 2*? got well to Boston where I found my Wife, 
Children and Mother in good Health all very thankfuU to 
you for your loving Tokens. And being got to my own 
home again I am thereby put in mind to return you 
hearty thanks for the kindness Received when at yours. 

^ Rev. Ichabod Wiswall. The object of the Council, according to Sewall, 
was to invite him to go to England witlf Elisha Ckx>ke, one of the agents of 
the Bay Colony ( Diary, I. 309). Wiswall was in England the next year, 1G89, 
but as agent of the Plymouth Colony, and as such resisted the proposed union 
of that Colony either with Massachusetts or New York. — Eds. 

* ^ Martin. 



96 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

And desire you to present my service to Mr. Perry and 
wife, to Cousin Bratles, Burges, Allin, Atwell, with thanks 
to them for their kindness to me. Present my service to 
Cap* Bedford and Wife with my acknowledgements of his 
great Respect to Mr. Brattle and Me when att Plimouth. 
My service to Mr. Whitfield, Madam Mills and all f reinds as 
named. Would have you take up my obligation in Mr. 
Hall's hand a[s] soon a[s] Conveniently may be, and by 
that time, I doubt shall have little or no money in your 
hand; yet am importuned to send for fourty Duz. of 
Course four foot Hair Bottoms, and fourty Duz. Middle 
four foot; Ten Duz. of fine Hair four foot; Fourteen 
Duz. Largest Lawn, five foot bound with Red Leather ; 
Twenty Duz. of Small-strainers. Please to look to 
them before put up that they be not eaten. Have in- 
closed Mr". Poles Acquittance to Mr. Row in Rope Makers 
Alley Moorfields, — which pray deliver and take up my 
Receipt. I understand by my very good freind Mr. 
Peter Thacher a worthy Minister, that he hath desired 
you to Manage some Concern for him which I hope you 
will chearfully undertake. It will be a good service and 
further obligation on me. Mrs. Hawkins also, a widow, 
sister to Mr. John Eyre a Considerable Merchant here, 
entreats your Correspondance, Mr. Wharton being Dead. 
I would hope that as the Profit will no[t] be much so 
the trouble will not be great. If you mention Me to the 
[them] you may Signifie that you the sooner under- 
took your business, for my Recommendation. We long 
to hear how it goes with Ireland, hopeing that we shall 
pertake in the Blessing of your good Settlement, by 
which means our Condition here may be rendred more 
Comfortable. The small Pocks is in a pretty many fam- 
ylies in Town and yesterday I hear my Sisters Child hath 
it at Newbery a Town about 40 Miles of[f]. Hath been 
and is also a mortall Fever of which many have Died. I 
desire your Prayers that I may be fitted for the good 




LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 97 

Pleasure of God who Alone is able to preserve from what 

is Mentioned and from the Indians French or any other 

eville. 

Copy by Bant with I am Sir, your obliged freind 

Mis Pole's 2^ Release. and serv? 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRIDGET USHER. 

Copy of a Letter to Madam Usher ^ Martin. 

Boston in N. E., Feb. 7*?, 16fJ. 

Madam, — These are to acquaint you that the America, 
Cap* W" Clark Commander, set saill from Plimouth the 10*? 
of October, 1689, and arrived at New England, Portsmouth, 
the 29*? of November. I rid the next day to Newbery 
where I kept the Sabbath in the affectionate Embraces 
of my dear Relations. The next day Capt. Hutchinson 
and Mr. Brattle &c set forward for Boston whether we got 
well December 2^, and found my wife and famyly in good 
health through the goodnes of God. I entreat you to 
Joine with me in praising his name for so great Mercy. 

Having received Eight pounds of Good- Williams 
I went immediatly and paid it to Mr. Bromfield, and 
added four pounds ten shillings of my own and took up 
your Bill. The Gentleman was so civill as not to ask 
a farthing for the time lapsed since the day of payment. 
You shall do well to inclose an open Letter in mine for 
Good- Williams ordering him to pay Me or Cousin 
Quinsy the Rent as it grows due : He had so many 
scruples that Cousin Quinsy Received nothing in my 
absence. Cousin informes me that M! Phillips mony 
is like to be paid. Shall give you an account upon the 
Receipt on*. The small Pocks is here in many families, 
and Mr. John Hubbards Eldest Daughter hath it att 
Brantry. Tis in my sister Mehetabil Moodyes famyly 
at Newbery. Cousin Dumer hath Buried his son RicW 
a flourishing youth of it since my Coming home. Major 

VOL. X. — 7. 



98 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL, 

RicW Dumer his unkle, i. e. the childs died at Newbery 
last summer of the fever; is much Lamented. My 
Father, Mother and freinds well, only as above; and 
sister Jane Gerrish hath Lately buried a Kttle daughter 
of 2 years old. My Sister Hannah Sewall your other 
Maid was also well when came thence, glad to hear of 
your health. My service to Madam Loyd, Harfield, Mr. 
Mince, with Thanks for all favours when in London. 
With My Mothers wives and My own service to your 
self I take leave who am. 

Madam, your freind and Humble Serv? 

Mr. Hez. Usher is well, and keeps his Chamber still 
at Mr. Wyllys. in those interveells of time he [spares] from 
Nonna Coyacas.^ He seemd to be well pleased with 
your Intention of Coming over in Clark. Suppose you 
will receive Letters from Him. 

Mrs. Cook of Crambidge [Cambridge] is dead. 

In Pacquet to Cousin Hull p Mr. Oakes are [letters] 
To Dr. Annesly, Madam Usher, Unkle Dumer, Cousin 
Andrews; Three Letters, and two Papers of Mrs. Haw- 
kins, Mis. Key's Letter, Cousin Quinsey 2, Mr. Taylor's, 
Cousin Storke about Richd Cornish's Letter of Attorney 
to Mr. Rob*. Andrews, and himself. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Febr. 11, 16|f To Mr. Edward Taylor by the Albany 
Post. Acquaint him that had writ before by Jn^ Perry 
paid him Postage, of said Perrys being suspected of 
breaking open Letters, and imprison'd at N. York on that 

^ NonacoicTis, or Coicns, as it ib Bometimes called, where Usher had a 
farm, is the Indian name for what was formerly a portion of Groton, but \b 
now included in the town of Ayer. The name is still in use, and also ap- 
plied to a brook in the town of Ayer. Green's ** Groton during the Indian 
Ware," pp. 62, 187, 189. 



h 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 99 

score. Brother Mr. Richd Taylor dead, which the more 
sorry for because had not seen him &c. Agents went on 
Board yesterday and came to sail but now the Blossom 
and the Mehetabel both stopt by the weather. 

Feb'. 11. To Mr. Joseph Eliot of Guilford, inclosing 
the Account of Indulgence, p Mr. Pembrook. 

Febr. 12, 16|^. To Brother Steph. Sewall j) Henry 
West desiring him to shew me his complyance with 
Cousin Nath! orders, that so I may deliver him the Deed 
of Sale, for his part of the little Salt-house, being in 
danger to lose, or mislay it. Inclos'd also that which 
should have gone last Satterday; but was accidentally 
left at Mrs. Thacher's. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO MATHER. 

To Mr. Mather ^ WaUia. 

Febr. 19«^. 

Madam Bellingham desired me to entreat your enquiry 
after Mr. Samuel Bellingham in Germany, and give him 
notice, that Mr. Wharton being dead, twill be necessary 
to constitute another Attorney to look after his Concerns 
here, which will otherwise ly at sixes and sevens, and 
several years Rent being behind, much of it will be in 
danger to be lost : Best to make the Letter of Attorney 
to two persons.* Coward and his company have their 

1 Madam Bellingham, who was Penelope Pelham of Plymouth, married in 
1641 Governor Richard Bellingham, as his second wife, under circumstances 
which subjected him to the censure of the General Court. There was no 
issue by this marriage. Samuel Bellingham, the only surviving son of the 
governor, gpraduated at Harvard in the first class, 1642, was educated as a 
physician, and for many years resided abroad, principally at Leyden, but 
was interested in the estates left by his father in New England. The 
Mr. Wharton of the text was Richard Wharton, who, for some years 
inmiediately preceding his death, acted as the agent and attorney of Dr. 
Bellingham. Wharton was in Boston as early as 1661, and is said to 
have been concerned in the purchase of lands. In 1659 he married a 
daughter of William Tyng, the colonial treasurer of 1640; for his second 



100 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Lives given them by the Genl Court at Charlestown, rest 
under debate.^ Indians have fetched away Cattle from a 



wife, a daughter of Rev. John Higginson of Salem ; and for his third, a 
daughter of John Winthrop, of Connecticut. Wharton was a councillor, 
1686-89, under the presidencies of Dudley and Andros, and one of the 
judges of the Court of Fleas and Sessions, which sat under the new order 
of affairs, July 27, 1686. A year later, July 12, 1687, he sailed for England, 
as Sewall records, in the same ship that carried Samuel Newman, Charles 
Morton, Mrs. Bridget Usher, her daughter, Mrs. Bridget Hoar, and others. 
Though one of Andros's councillors he was opposed to him, and to make 
this opposition effective was the object of his visit to England, where he 
died May 14, 1689. More may be learned about him in Sewall's Diary, I., 
255, 256 and notes. The history of Dr. Samuel Bellingham's ** Concerns 
here '^ is a long story; but inasmuch as they form a part of one of the most 
extraordinary series of legal proceedings to be found in any country, an 
account of which will serve to explain several entries in Sewall's Diary, 
otherwise wholly unintelligible, the editors have thought best to give an 
outline of them in this note. 

In Sewall's Diary, II., 197, under date of Nov. 7, 1707, is the following 
entry : **Mr. James Allen stood up [in court where Sewall was sitting as 
judge in the case of Watts v. Allen], and said I was a party, and therefore 
ought not to be a Judge in the Cause of Gov' Bellingham's W^ill. I had 
got of that Land in a wrong way, which I resented; for no land on this 
side the water is mentioned except for Life, and my Fragment on the Hill 
is not mentioned at all." To this entry the editors have appended the 
following note : ** This reference or excuse is not veiy plain, since Governor 
Bellingham's will had been set aside, as we will show, and any title from 
his only son would seem to be free of flaw." It is no marvel that Sewall's 
editors were puzzled ; for they did not know, and had no reason to suppose 
that, after a decision by the court of final appeal, the question of the validity 
of Governor Bellingham's will had been re-opened, and that Sewall was at 
that very time trying it. But such was the case, as will appear. 

The story of Governor Bellingham's will and of the suits which grew 
out of it is complicated. Beginning in the days of the colony and extending 
to those of the Commonwealth it covers more than a hundred years. There 
was no tribunal, civil or criminal, sitting in Suffolk that was not vexed by 
it ; nor was Middlesex exempt. Collaterally, it reached Westminster Hall. 
The descent of the governor's estate at law would form an additional chapter 
of nearly equal length and interest ; but nothing more than the briefest out- 
line of either can be given here. 

Nov. 28, 1672, Governor Bellingham made a will by which, after certain 
provision for his wife, his son and his son's daughter, and several other 
parties, he gave his estate at Winnisimmet. which embraced nearly all the 
present city of Chelsea, to four trustees, of whom Rev. James Allen, then 



^ See Sewall's Diary, I. 309, 310, and note. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 101 

place about 3 Mile oflf the Fort at Falm-. Elkana Watson, 
Skipar Dotey and his Son Jn? lost.^ Capt Meadows and 
Mrs Bruff dead of Small Pocks. 

associate pastor with Rev. Johu Oxenbridge of the First Church in Boston, 
was the most active and efficient, **to be an Annual Encouragement to 
some godly Minister who shall be by my Trustees judged faithfull to those 
principles in Church Discipline, which aie owned and practised in the First 
Church of Christ in Boston, of which I am a member.'* The will specifies 
eight instructions to his trustees, among the more important of which are 
to build a church and parsonage at Wiunisimmet; to provide for the edu- 
cation of theological students and for the support of a minister ; and that 
every quarter of the year, one sermon be preached to instruct the people in 
Boston in church discipline, according to the Word of God. (See copy of 
this will on p. 8.) 

This will was executed the 28th of November. The governor died the 
7th of December, and on the 19th — all in 1672 — his will was admitted to 
probate. Early the next spring, before the grass had begun to grow on 
the governor's grave, between Richard Wharton, representing the governor's 
only son. Dr. Samuel Bellingham then in Europe, on one hand, and Rev. 
James Allen and his co-trustees, on the other, began a series of legal pro- 
ceedings which were prosecuted in every tribunal, from the lowest to the 
highest, under three governments, — colonial, provincial and state, — and 
were terminated only at the end of one hundred and fourteen years by a 
decision against the validity of the will by the Supreme Judicial Court, in 
1787, held by Judge Sumner. 

The most common form of the proceeding in these suits was by way of 
ejectment ; but there was a curious episode in the early stages of the con- 
troversy. Richard Wharton, the attorney and personal friend of Dr. Samuel 
Bellingham, conceived the notion that Allen, besides exercising an undue 
influence over the mind of the old man, — the governor, — to the injury of 
his son in the provisions of the will, had actually tampered with it after its 
execution, by the insertion of a clause revoking all former testaments ; and to 
that effect he made a deposition on the 24th of January, 1673, before Daniel 
Gookin, Eliot's associate in the work of converting the Indiana. To these 
injurious charges the trustees submitted evidence by way of denial, and 
each of them separately stated the circumstances attending the execution of 
the will within his own knowledge; and they concluded with an intimation 
that Mr. Richard Wharton had better attend to his own business, and not 
meddle with what did not concern him. 

After thinking of the matter again the trustees determined not to leave 
it that way, but had Wharton indicted or complained of — for deficiency 
in the records all through the proceedings leaves room for conjecture — for 
libel in his deposition respecting the will. Apparently he was convicted ; 
but instead of being sentenced to fine or imprisonment, he was ordered to 



1 See Sewall's Diary, 1. 311. — Eds. 



102 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



aAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Cousin HuU^ WaUis. 

Febr. 19. 

Sent you a Packet p Mr. Oakes. 3 or 4f to drink with 
you by each Agent. Shall send you some oyle p the 
America. 



prove the truth of the statements contained in his original deposition which 
were alleged to be defamatory. This he refused to do ^* without the court 
would authorize him in behalf of the country.*' Though probably not much 
of a lawyer, Wharton knew the exemption of a prosecuting officer from per- 
sonal liability in respect to the truth of matters set forth in an indictment, 
and was shrewd enough to claim for himself that exemption. But the court 
would not assent to this proposition, and said: *'The court doe therefore 
require your prosecution of saide charge at Aprill court next, and declare 
that your bonds for the good behaviour stand good till that time." From 
this unheard-of judgment he took an appeal, and was put under bonds of 
£500 to^ prosecute the same at the next term of court. AVhat came of this 
strange proceeding does not appear in the defective records. 

In the uncertainty as to title which grew out of some years of litigation 
the Belli ngham estate fell into disorder, and frequently engaged the atten- 
tion of the General Court, which body, Sept. 6, 1676, without assignment 
of reasons, pronounced Governor Bellingham's will invalid. This being 
the court of last resort, its decision would seem to be final, and doubtless 
would have been so regarded by all parties except for an irregularity in its 
proceedings. By the colonial law, the County Court had jurisdiction of 
probate matters, which could reach the General Court only by way of appeal. 
But it seems — though, in the absence of full records, the exact course of 
procedure is not certain — that the General Court took original jurisdiction 
of Governor Bellingham's will, on petition, and declared it invalid. It was 
on the gpround of this irregularity that nearly twenty years later, 1705, on 
the petition of the irrepressible Rev. James Allen, the General Court re- 
opened the question, and prepared the way for the suit in which Sewall 
sat as judge ; in which character he suffered reproach as an interested party 
from Allen. Unjustly, for, as Sewall correctly says, **no land on this side 
the water [separating Boston from Winnisimmet] is mentioned except for 
life, and my fragment on the Hill is not mentioned at all." Apparently, 
the trustees had no interest, even if the will were valid, except in the 
Winnisimmet farms; though from certain suits brought, or defended by 
them in the early stages of the proceedings, it would appear that they claimed 
the two and a half acre lot at the South End abutting upon the negro Angola's 
house. Sewall's title to what he had purchased was perfectly good, and he 
had a right to resent Allen's insinuation. Still there is a mystery to be 
cleared up, though perhaps not now possible in the present state of the 
records. Apparently the interest of the trustees was a remainder available 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 103 



SAMUEL iSEWALL TO /AMES BARBER. 
To Goodm, James Barber Taylor at Dorchester in the way to Milton. 

Febr. 20, 16fJ. 

GooDM. Barber, — I perceive your aged Father is dis- 
satisfied with some carriage of yours towards him, in 

for the purposes of the trust only after the falling in of several lives in 
being, and so continuing for some years after the governor's death. And 
yet immediately after his decease, Dec. 31, 1672, ** Richard Wharton, at- 
torney to Doctor Samuel Bellingham, the only sonne and heire to Richard 
B6llingham, &c.'' by indenture of lease, for one year for fifty shillings, 
conveyed to John Blake of Boston the south end pasture, near to Uie 
negro's. The next spring — ** sometime in April last," 1673, Anthony 
Stoddard, one of the trustees, went with Captain Edward Hutchinson and 
gave him possession of the same pasture **for one whole year." Captain 
Hutchinson, being tenant as he supposed, turned ** one bay horse" into 
the pasture f which John Blake no sooner discovered than he clapped him 
into the pound. Hutchinson replevied the horse, giving bonds with Stod- 
dard as surety, and put him (the horse) back into the pasture, out of 
which Blake once more led him to the pound; from which once more 
Hutchinson rescued him by his writ of replevin. 

The battle over Bellingham 's will, thus joined, — on horseback, so to 
speak, — was begun in the County Court sitting in Boston 1673, and lasted 
one hundred and fourteen years, — till 1787. 

The contest between the trustees and Wharton as attorney for Dr. Bel- 
lingham, had raged both in Suffolk and Middlesex, in suits which exhausted 
all forms of legal procedure known in those days ; and the time came when 
Ricfard Wharton, like most attorneys, wanted his pay. This is the way 
he puts his case: ** To the Ilono'ble, the Governor and Assistants in the 
County Court. The humble petition of Richard Wharton, Attorney of 
Sam" Bellingham Esqf, and in his right as Ad" upon the Lands of Richard 
Bellingham, Esqr decf Sheweth, That your Petition' for the recovery of sd 
Lands having for the space of four years and upwards been obliged under 
many disadvantages, difficulties, and discouragements, continually to con- 
tend in defence and prosecution of many uncomfortable Law Suites, and 
was thereby, and for building, repairs, payments of Debts and for Mr. 
Samuel Bellingham's supply and accommodation, necessitated to expend sun- 
dry considerable sumes. And yo' Petition!, having laid before Mr. Belling- 
ham the condition of his estate here, and the need of his presence or power 
to some friend here to adjust accompts, and to settle and improve his 
Estate; but he being remiss herein, yo' Petition' the last Summer upon 
Mr. Bellinghara's iterated invitation ordered his son (to the end afores*) to 
travel purposely from London to Bremen in Germany, from whence Mr. 
Bellingham had retired himselfe. and yo' Petition' being both by his son 
and others informed the great difficulty, if not impossibility by reason of 



104 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

witholding from him the price of his Labour, and not per- 
forming for him that which he expected upon his being 

Mr. Bellingham's remote retirement, of coming to a conference or adjust- 
ing Accompts with him, and yo' Petr? occasions calling him shortly out 
of the country, holds it not only his duty to Mr. Bellingham, but also to 
his own family, first to endeavor the settlement of Accompts and affairs 
in this concern.'* In a word, he persuaded the court, in the absence of 
Mr. Bellingham and without any legal notice to him, to appoint a com- 
mittee to pass on his accounts, and to set off to him in payment of the 
balance due him the *^ Eustace Farm " at Winnisinmiet, — since known as 
the Shurtleff Farm. 

Of this committee Samuel Sewall was one. The proceeding was extra- 
ordinary, to say the least, and years after the remembrance of it extorted 
from him the cry of anguish recorded in Diary, I. 442, under date of 
Dec. 21, 1696. ** Note, this morn Madam Eliza Bellingham came to our 
house and upbraided me with setting my hand to pass Mr. Wharton's 
acco. to the court where he obtained a judgment for Eustace's Farm. I was 
wheedled and hectored into that business, and have all along been uneasy 
in the remembrance of it; and now there is one come who will not spare to 
lay load." 

Madam Elizabeth Savage Bellingham had recently come from England to 
look after the neglected affairs of her shiftless husband. 

The interest of these Bellingham suits increases to the close ; but as they 
cease to have any relation to Sewall's Diary or Letters, they are followed no 
further. 

But there is another part of the story which includes the tragic fate of 
Madam Eliza Bellingham, more than once alluded to in the Diary. This 
will now be told as briefly as may be. 

Dr. Samuel Bellingham, a widower with one daughter, named Elizabeth, 
in April, 1695, married in London a widow named Elizabeth Savage, whose 
maiden name may have been Watts, as she was related to that family. 
They entered into an ante-nuptial agreement, by which the New England 
estates were conveyed to trustees in trust for the use of Samuel Belling- 
ham and his wife for their natural lives, and after his death to the use 
and trust of his wife, and to such uses as she, in writing, might appoint; 
and in case of no such writing, then the estates were to go to her heirs. 
It is remarkable that by this settlement Dr. Samuel Bellingham cut off 
his only daughter from all interest in these large estates and gave them 
to the widow Savage. She appears to have been a woman of ability. Her 
husband, so far as is known, never returned to New England, but died 
abroad not far from the year 1700. But his wife came over in 1696 or 
1697 to look after the property. It was during this visit that she had 
her encounter with Sewall, as recorded above. Sewall, in Diary, II. 479, 
under date of May 11, 1098, records, *' Updike arrived ... at Marblehead, 
and brings news of the Joseph Gaily being cast away on the coast of 
Ireland, and all the persons on her lost. Madam Bellingham one: sailed 
from hence the 8th of November." 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 105 

invited to your house ; as he alleges. Now being desirous 
that a good understanding may be recovered and main- 
tained between Father and Son, I would have you come 
to my house next Tuesday morning by half an hour after 
eight precisely ; that so you may have oportunity to hear 
your Father, and make answer face to face : Only prepare 
your self to doe it calmly, and with all dutifuU Respect 
to Him who by Gods Providence gave you a being fitted 
with suitable Organs to move and speak. 

Your loving friend, S. Sewall. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO MAJOR WALLET. 

Boston, Feb. 21, 16fJ. 

Major Walley. 

Sir, — I have received a Letter from the Pettaquamscot 
Purchasers earnestly soliciting me either to meet them 
my self at Pettaquamscot, or Newport, or else to im- 
power somebody in my stead to give them a Meeting for 
the further settlement and Division of our Lands, that so 
there may be a bar laid in the way of those who are 
ready enough to take the advantage in this time of so 
much Lawles Liberty, to intrude themselves into the 
Possesions and Lands of others to the exclusion of the 
rightfuU Owners. My Circumstances are such that I 

Before sailing for England on her fatal voyage, Madam Bellingham made 
her will, dated November, 1697, by which she gave the New England estates 
to her husband for life, with specific bequests to other persons. Her hus- 
band was living in 1700, as has been said, but probably died not long after. 
Upon the decease of these two persons, a question arose as to the validity 
of her will. If good, her bequests took effect; otherwise, the Bellingham 
estates went to her heirs, to the exclusion of Elizabeth Bellingham, the only 
child of the Doctor. The case was heard before Sir Nathan Wright, Lord 
Keeper, at Trinity Term, 1701. He held that Madam Bellingham being a 
married woman her will was invalid ; and so having died without appoint- 
ment in writing of her estates, they passed to her heirs at law; and secondly, 
that though the property was settled to her use, yet by Stat. 27 Hen. VIII., 
the use drew to it the title, so that she held in fee which descended to the 
Watts family as her heirs at law. — Eds. 



{ 



106 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SE^ALL. 

cannot attend it my self, and I Intreat you to pardon 
my freedom with you in desiring you to undertake so 
troublesom a peice of service for me. Nessesity in a 
great measure puts me tipon it, not knowing whom to 
improve : and the concern is not to be slighted : where- 
fore I hope you will deny your self so far as to engage in 
it. I presume they have by them a Copy of their Letter 
to me, which will give you an account of the business. 
I would intreat you in all respects to act in my behalf as 
you would do for your self were the Case your own as it 
is mine. Tis like they may not speak of dividing Point 
Judith Neck. K they find it nessisary, I have the right 
of two sevenths at least if not more : and in the Little 
Neck by the outset had more than half, if not all, till Sold 
one share to my Tenant Rob- Hannah, whom intreat you 
to salute and encourage in my name when you se him. 
He is son in Law to Mr. Wilson one of the purchasers. 

As to selling of Land, I would not sell any of my Share 
in great Point Judith except you should find it of abso- 
lute Nessesity pressed by all or the greater number of 
Proprietors; and as for any other Tracts to be sold, or 
requiring the Confirmation of a former bargaine and sale I 
would have you be sure to grant no other Title then what 
the Proprietors themselves have to give, and make no 
other warranty but only against themselves and Heirs. 
If there be any motion of inviting a Godly Learnd Min- 
ister among them, I would have you bid up roundly in for- 
warding of it. I would willingly pay thirty or fourty shil- 
lings p annum in money towards his maintenance, which 
I think would be not Inconsiderable inasmuch as I dwell 
here ray self, and my rent amounts but to about five or six 
pounds yearly, if so much. I am hurried for want of time, 
and so inclose their Letter to me which would have you 
send it me inclosed back again. My service to Mrs. Wally, 
to Capt. Bifield, to Mr. Lee, Saffin and their families. 

Sir, your freind and Humble serv!? 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 107 

Our folks have agreed to have an Election, and all who 
have six pounds, (Country pay,) pr annum freehold Land, 
or pay 4" to a single rate without heads, and be not vi- 
cious, may present themselves to the GenV Court to be 
admitted Electors. Select men to certifie the qualifica- 
tion. Opening of Nomination put off to the BV" of May 
Mr. C. Mather to preach on the 28? S. S. 

The sixth of March is appointed for a publick Fast. 
Expedition against the French agreed on, I think pertic- 
ular persons engage in it, only Articles for the Inhabitants 
in case they surrender, to be made by the Goverment. 
Mrs. Fairweather and Capt. Mellows dead of the small 
Pocks. Tis in one of My Sisters famylies at Newbery, 
but Brother and sister hopefully recovering. I intreat 
your remembrance of us that God would overrule all for 
New Englands Good. Court sits at Charlestown by reason 
of the small Pocks. 

One John Thurston writes to me to sell him the Tenem" 
Rob^ Hana Lives on, if I understand him, which no wayes 
incline to. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO PELEG SANDFORD. 

To Coll, Pdeg Sandford, 

B08TON, Feb. 21, lOf J. 

Sir, — Yours I received of January 11^.^ pr RoW Little 
and take your Congratulation of my Return very kindly, 
Rejoiceing to hear of your Welfare. Tis strange you 
Should have Received no Letters from Mr. Brenton. 1 
had gon near to have Called on him if had suspected it. 
I cannot come to Narraganset at this time, but have 
desired and impowered Major Wally to act for me, which 
if he please to accept of, I hope the end Will be answered 
as well or better than If I were my self present. One 
John Thurston writes to me to sell him the Tenem^' Rob. 
Hana Lives in, which I no wayes incline to. My service 



108 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

« 

to your self, Govemour Bull, Cap* Pelham and all freinds 

as named. 

Sir, your Humble serv*^ 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN WILDBOAR AND OTHERS. 

Boston, Feb. 21, ISfJ. 

Mb. John Wildboab 
Samuell Wilson 
Thomas Mumford 
Benedict Arnold 
JosiAH Arnold. 

Gentlemen, — Yours of January 10^ came to my hand 
the 6*?" of February. I thank you for the hearty Well- 
come you give me to my own home againe, and am glad 
to find your selves m good prosperous Health ; But my 
Circumstances are such at this time that I cannot pay you 
a visit, Although my own Concerns do put in to forward 
the Invitation. I have therefore made a Letter of Attor- 
ney to Major Wally of New Bristoll, and written to him 
Intreating his acceptance of that service, wherein I hope 
I shall not be disappointed. I beleve it may be best at 
this time to act with all the moderation the nature of the 
thing will allow. Leaving it to you who shall be on the 
place, and praying God to direct and Succeed you, I take 

leave who am Gentlemen, 

your Humble serv" 



TO NATHANIEL BARNS. 

Boston, N. E. March 8**^, 16|J. 

Mr. Nath^ Barns. 

My Honred Master, Cap* Sam? Sewall, — Last fall was 
twelve moneth, Consigned fifty odd pounds w^orth of 
goods to you, desiring you to dispose of it for his best 
advantage, and send the effects to London to him or 
home for Boston; — which you say you received and did 
intend to send an account by Gourding to content, but 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 109 

from that time to this have no news from you, though I 
sent one or two letters to you, which you say you re- 
ceived, desireing you to follow masters orders with speed, 
which makes me conclude you have not followed his orders, 
which is very unkindly done, seing you sold the goods 
so soon and at so good a rate, as I am informed you 
did. For you to keep his mony in your hands above a 
twelve moneth now it is, and make use of it your self, 
when you had so many oppertunities to have sent it 
home for Boston, as by Gourding, Caleb Phillips, Thom. 
Gwin, and Jonathan Balston who came almost dead 
freighted, and not so much as send one Letter by aJl 
these, is far from any encouragement to send goods to 
you, without you will make quicker returns and write 
oftner especially your having so many oppertunityes, and 
taking no care as I can perceive or hear of about it, so 
far from any encouragement to send to you, that it is 
one of the greatest discouragemts Imaginable. 

Sir, your serv? 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL BARNS. 
To JIfr NatM Bams at AnUgua, 

Boston, N. E., March 8«», 16^. 

Sir, — I repent not of my long confabulation with you 
upon the 26*^ of Oct^ 1688, Because if I mistake not my 
heart was more set on it, than on that part of the discourse 
which is vulgarly called Busines. But I must needs say 
I was a little surprized at my return home to find neither 
Goods nor Account sent by you from Antigua, and that 
you could content your self in offering only a promisory 
Letter of six lines in answer to my (though small) Con- 
signement and three Letters ; one from my self, two from 
my Apprentice, who is best acquainted with the matter 
and therefore has written to you the inclosed. My desire 
and order is that you send me home to Boston by the first 



110 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

good Conveyance, my eflfects, one third in good Melasses, 
and the other Two Thirds in good Cotton wool. Many 
Merchants that have made Considerable Consignements 
to you, their voice is — 

Vestigia Terrent omnia te adversum spectantia nuUa^ 

or at least pauca rdrormm. Give me not occasion to 

join with them as to my Concern. Hopeing that you will 

approve your self a thorow honest Man to others, and my 

self, I take Leave who am 

Sir, your real f reind. 

Mis. Bams is valetudinarious. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

March 31, 1690. Writt to Mr. Mather by the Colonies 
sloop, enclosing the Print of the Maquas speeches. 

Apr. 1. Writt to Cousin Hull ; inclosed another of said 
Prints. America like to be unloaden again for the Coun- 
trys service. Cap* Benj- Davis disapeared yesterday. 

Apr. 1. Writt to Unkle Dumer, gave an account of 
Scenectady and Salmon-Falls, and my concernment in 
the latter. Presented service to Mr. Goldwire and all 
Friends. 

June 24*^ 1690. Writt to Mr. Seth Shove to come and 
Coinence, if my Letter received this week. I would be 
at the charge. Was not aware (till very lately informed 
by Mr. Newman) that your Class proceeded Masters this 
year. Honour God, who alone can confer true Honour 
on you &c. 

July 24, 1690. Writt to Major Saltonstall, and sent 
him a Barrel of Salt in Token of my Remembrance of 
him and sympathy with him in his dangers and confine- 
ments, dwelling in a fronteer Town as he does &c. Sent 
p Skipar Jn*! Kent of Newbury. 

Augt. 18, 1690. Writt to Mrs. Sarah Walley, inclosing 

^ Horace Epist. 1. 1, 74. — £d8. 




LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL «EWALL. Ill 

her Husband's Letter of Attorney, which sent by Sam. 
Haugh to Mr. Mico's for conveyance to Bristow. 



ACCOUNT WITH PETER BULKL^Y. 
To Mr. Peter BuOcley^ inclosd in one to Mr. Q'ershom Bulkley. ' 

. Aug* 25, 1690. 

Mr. Peter Bulkley of Wethersfield Dr. 

1678. June 5. To Money Lent and paid . . £ 12 
Ocb^ 16. To Money Lent and paid . . .300 
18. To more Money Lent and paid .10 

. £16 
Contra Cr. 

1678. Aug* 19. By Money received p MK Chauncy 

12 



* 



Sir, — The above written is a true Copy of yotifr account 
from the Leg' [Ledger] of Capt John Hull decfeased, writ 
with his own hand. You see the Balance is four pounds, 
and you may remember that you borrowed of me twenty 
shillings the 21. of 7^ 1687, which makes five pounds. I 
am willing you should have the Loan of it gratis ; but I 
expect you speedily send me the five pounds, and give 
no farther occasion of writing or speaking about it. 

Sir, your friend S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Sept! 2, 1690. Writt to Mr. W? Hutchinson and Pul- 
ford, to countenance and direct E? Mather, and deliver 
him what was^ due to me on the Balance of accoimts 
between us. 

Sept! 2^ Writt to E? in answer to his of the 29*^ 
Augt, wherein inclose the former; and acquaint liim 
that, according to his request, have actually carried -^ 
of the Ketch Hopewell^ now Israel^ with her outset and 
Cargo to my account. 



112 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL GREEN. 

To Mr, NbtU Oreen at Barbados. 

t Sept^ 9, 1699. 

I have consigned to you Two and thirty Barrels of 
Mackarell ; which please to sell for me at Barbados and 
make Returns ^ in good Cotton, Sugar, and Melosses. 

Except you can have good Bills for London, Let them 
be payable to Mr. Edw. Hull at the Hat in hand within 
Algate. Do the best you can for me and my cousin, Mrs. 
Anna Quinsey. 

anna quincy to nathaniel green. 

Mr. Green. 

I have consigned to you eleven Barrels of Mackarell 

which please to invest in good Grocers Sugar, fit to be 

disposed of to our Shop-keepers, or in what else you may 

know to be more for my advantage. 

ASa Quinsey. 

memorandum. 

Septf 25, 1690. Writt to Father Sewall of the death 
of my dear little daughter Judith, inclosing a Ring to 
remember her by, and the first sheet of Occurrences, 
which came out this day.* Send p Mr. W? Partridge, to 
him p Mr. Joshua Gee. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SETH SHOVE. 

To Mr. Seth Shove. 

Nov? 13, 1690. 

If you have warned the selectmen to provide 

themselves of another Schoolmaster, send me word of it, 



^ Bills Lading inclosd. 

« See SewalPs Diary, I. 832, and Thomas's " History of Printing in 
America," published in the Transactions of the Amer. Antiq. Soc. VI. 
333. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 113 

and the time, by the first conveyance. If you have not 
yet done it, I would have you forbear doing it, till you 
hear further from me, Because I have an Intimation, as 
if Yarmouth people are universally desirous of injoying 
Mr. Jn? Cotton of Plimouth, who suplied them in Mr. 
Thornton's absence. I have it only from one hand, and 
no notice from Mr. Thornton. If it prove so, I would 
not have you be discouraged. The Lord, I hope will fit 
you for his work and call you to it in the most con- 
venient time and place. S. S. 



MEMORANDA. 



Nov^ 13, 1690. Writt to Father by Salem, and sent 
Mother a Scarf. 

xr. 3, 1690. Writt to Edward Milton at Sandwich to 
finish the Meetinghouse there, by making and well hang- 
ing the doors, cla^bording it in the inside well and fitting 
[filling] the walls with shavings or other suitable matter 
for warmth, making the Gallery stairs ; and I would pay 
him 4 Of Money. Writt to Mr. Fance of Plimouth and 
Jn*^ Otis of Barnstaple to Glaze well the Meetinghouse 
which Cap* Tuper saith is about 60. foot of Glass, and 
I would pay in Money as Glaziers are paid in Boston. 
Capt Tuper to certify that the work was done.^ 

xr. 4. Writt to Mr. Joseph Mors of Sherborn to see 
their Meetinghouse well finished in the inside with Cedar 
Clapboards. I promise to find nails, shaving, and fastning 
the Clapboards. 

Sent p Moses Adams. 

xr. 2, 3, 4, 5. Writt to Cousin Hull p Mr. Sergeants 
Ketch sent 4 Ind. Scalps in Barrals mark'd with Ink S. S. 
one to Mr. Charles Morton, another to Mr. Mather, if 

1 Note. Send 1000. of clapb. NaUs. 

VOL. I. — 8. 



114 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

acceptable. Send me a Castor p Mr Samson in a slight 

case. 

To Mr. Jn? Goldwire of Baddesly with a large account 

of things. 

To Cousin Storke. 

To Unkle Stephen Dumer, Brother Longfellow's death. 

xr. 10. To Mr. Samuel Veazie in the Ketch Hope- 
well bound for Antigua ; consinged to him Thirty Bar- 
rels of Mackarell and two Bundles of shingles : To remit 
the money by good Bills of Exchange to Mr. Edw. Hull 
at the Hat in Hand within Algate ; or if can't gat Bills to 
bring home Cotton, sugar, Barrel oranges. Bring all 
effects off with you. 

Item I doe hereby give devise and bequeath 

unto nay Loving Brother Andrew Needham, a Taylor liv- 
ing in London, Forty pounds Money; and to his son 
Thomets Needham Ten pounds Money, if there be so much 
left at the time of my decease, after funeral expenses and 
debts are paid : But if not so much. Then all the moneys 
that shall then remain, which I doe apoint shall be put 
into the hands of Mr. Sam! Sewall of Boston, Merchant, 
for him to remit the same to them, and that if either of 
them dye before he receives his part thereof, the de- 
ceased's part shall go to the survivour.' 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO INCREASE MATHER. 

To Mr, Increase Mather ^ Mr. Winthrop^s Ketch^ saild 

Jan: 9, 169f 

xr. 29, 1690. 

When the French Injuries were objected to Count 
Frontenack by ours at Canada, his answer was that we 
were all one people : so if Albany, or Hartford provoke 
them, they hold it just to fall on Massachusetts, Plimouth, 

1 Extr. Brother Needham's Will. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 115 

Rode Island or any other English Plantation. In time of 
distress, the Massachusetts are chiefly depended on for 
help, and are under a necessity of doing their uttermost 
because whatever Port or Fronteer Town the enemy 
enters at, his design is to goe thorow the Land, and the 
Loss of one place redounds to the Whole. But now they 
are at their Liberty, whether they will doe any thing or 
no towards defraying the necessary charge we are at in 
defendmg the Common Interests of the Crown. Upon 
which account it seems necessary that in the most con- 
venient way as can be procured, these lesser Govern- 
ments be firmly compacted together in one. From what 
we have felt last year, and fear may return upon us with 
more distressing Circumstances this winter and the next 
spring, you will conclude that two or three Frigotts will 
be needed for our Defence ; one at Martha's Vinyard 
Sound, another at Nantasket, and a third at Portsmouth ; 
that River being of much Importance and Wells the 
uttermost settlement of the English Eastward. Here 
is a project on foot of passing Bills &c. You will hear 
various Reports of Sir William Phips. I have discoursed 
with all sorts, and find that neither Activity nor Courage 
were wanting in Him ; and the form of the Attack was 
agreed on by the Council of War. 



MEMORANDA. 



Jan*: 28*?, 169^. Sent the orders impowering Mr. Jn? 
Woodbridge and cap* Daniel Pierce to [?]arry in Newbury 
p Nath! Rust. 

Jan! 28, 169f .^ Sent a second Bill of Lading p E*!* to 
Jamaica for what went by Winkly, consign'd to Mr. 
Joseph Sergeant. Ordered him to get good Bills of Ex- 
change for it if he could. Send word by the first what 

1 Condye saiPd Jan' 29»^ 169 J. 



116 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

prospect you have of staying on the Island, and what 
prizes Goods bear. Keep your N. E. Principles. Hear 
Gods Word publickly preached every Lord's Day, if it 
may be without wronging your Conscience. Be a Law 
to your self. S. S. 

Janf 29% 1Q9^} To cousin Storke p Dolbery, of 
Wear's Arrival, shall take care of the landing his Goods, 
and advertise Brother. 

Febr. 5. To Dr. Nehem. Grew, inclosing Mr. Lee's 
Observations, and some few animadversions of my own. 

Febr. 6^ To Cousin Hull ordering him to pay Mr. 
Stept Mason £5. for account of Mrs Br. Usher. 

Ditto die, To Madam Br. Usher. Shall pay Mis. Win- 
throp the mentioned Sum. Must send a Certificat of 
Mrs. Bridget's Marriage attested by a publick Notary, or 
some Officer more known, if [she] would have any thing 
done about the Mortgage. Cousin Quinsey being dead, 
would have you name some one to whom I may Assign 
the Mortgage. 

February 11*?!* To Mr. Mather p Dolberry, begin- 
ning with Copy of mine of December 29*1", ended with 
Arrival of the ships and Thanks to Mr. Mason and the 
Gentlemen who had ventured so nobly for our Relief. 
Capt. Clap 83 year, Capt Johnson, 87, dy'd last week. 

Febr. 24, 169f To Mr. Jn^ Ive p the Briganteen. 
Place £5. laid out for Sam. Clark, to my account. Buy 
me 2 sets of Pole's English Aiiotations, one of better paper 
for my own use, if to be had : Mr. Guy at the Oxford Arms, 
in Lombard street, us'd me well. Send 4 p* of worsted 
Damask stuffs, several Colors, the rest in Alamode narrow 
and broad. My Service to Mr. Nathan^ Mather. 

Memorand. to write to Mr. Danforth to take the writ- 
ing off the Rock ^ and send it. 

Writ of the 23. March to leave with Mr. Bromfield. 

May IP?, 1691. Writt to Mr. Increase Mather in 

^ — — I ■ - I I I ■ _M - - I ^^^^^^m^^^^^^ — * 

1 I?' Capt. Blackwell. « Probably at Dightou. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 117 

London, inclosing a Latin Letter to Sam. Mather, dated 
pridie Nonas Majas, in answer to his sent me. 

1691. Boston in New-England, May 13*?. 

Writt to Eliakim Mather, by Job Prince, inclosing Bill 
of Lading and his Brothers Letter. Sell for ready Money, 
not Wreck [«c] p" Stay some time where you are, if 
can enjoy God's word on the Sabbath from some good 
Minister. Brother intends to consign a small Ketch to 
you and Mr. Welsteed. 

May 13, 1691. To Cousin Hull p Weare, inclosing a 
Copy of Sir William and Jn^ Peak's account with earnest 
desire that would inform me what measures to take. 
Send Fring for the Fustian Bed the Worsted is for, and 
also Fring for half a duz. Chairs suitable thereto : Send 
me also a small Cask of Madder about half a Barrell. 

May 18*" To Mr. William Longfellow, acquainting 
him with the distressed Condition of my Sister and her 
Children, desiring him to send her some Relief. Brother 
went to Canada in quality of an ensign, was cast away 
and drown'd coming home at a place call'd Cape Brittoon 
[Breton], upon the last of October, Friday night 1690. 

Writt to Sam! Swain jun' to the same purpose, largely 
setting forth the Scrip of Land Sister has left to maintain 
her self and five children. Stock and movable estate not 
reaching to pay the Debts.^ Entreat his aid in promot- 
ing Mr. Longfellow's Benevolence, promising that the 
blessing of the widow and fatherless shall descend upon 
him ; mention his kind and affectionat Letter to Brother 
dated September 6, 1687. 

To Mr. Flavell May 22, p Chubb.^ [Composed] the first 
stick of third exchange. Thanks for Letters at London 
and Deal. Desire Prayers. Far'd the better for them in 
getting home. Sorry should be at Plimouth and not at 

» ^ Chubb. 

* Chubb sails the 27t^ with a very fair wind. 



118 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Dartmouth. Davids Daughter of Tyre, — Swallow, Sol. 
Dove can^ 6, specially represent N. E. pardon the Arro- 
gancy. However entreat your prayers that the soul of 
this Turtle Dove may not be deliver'd to the multitude, — 

To Mr. Wotton May 26 ; orderd him to take up of Mr. 
Brufiing 2-10-0 or £3-2-6 of Mr. Ive 

To Mr. Ive May 26. Writt that I understand ship Sea- 
flower's effects in his hands. Pay Mr. Wotton what he 
calls for not exceeding £3-2-6. State the accoimt of 
the rest and keep it for my order. 

July 15, 1691. Writt to Mr. Tristram Coflan of New- 
bury, on behalf of Mrs. Mighell. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Mr. Edw. BuU # Chubb. 

May 30, 169L 

I writt to you p Weare of the 13*? Inst* wherein I 
desired you to buy my wife some Fringe for her Fustian 
Bed ; viz. Six yards and \ for the Vallens ; fifteen yards 
for six Chairs, two Inches deep ; twelve yards, half-Inch 
deep, which please to send by the first. Send also a 
piece of good Tufted Holland, fine and thick. Send me 
a couple of good Castors for my own wearing, and one 
white one for Sam. ; a pound of very fine Nuns Thred. I 
have inclosed a Bill of Exchange for Seventy poimds. [I] 
supose the Letter of Advice went directly from Virginia, 
and that [it] will have due honour given it. Let Mr. 
Stephen Mason have fifty pounds of it, when received, to 
help shorten the Countrys Debt, with Thanks from me 
for his generous Loan. Take his Receipt. Present my 
service to Mr. Mather when you see Him, and to Mr. 
Cook and Mr. Oakes. Send what may be in your hand, 
in Norwich stuffs, and an end of good black Broad-Cloth, 
with suitable Hair Buttons, Calico, Silk and all Triming. 
If you have not Money, omit it. My service to my 
Cousins, Mr. Perry, and Mis. Perry, Mr. Whitfield. 

Sir, your loving Cousin S. S. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 119 

June 10, 1691. Have now received Letter of Advice ; 
I now order you to pay the whole of the Money to our 
Agents, or to those whom they shall appoint. I have 
such direction from the Council because they doe not 
know but that Mr. Mason may be reimbursed. Hope 
you have enough otherwise to do what I have written 
for; if you have not, forbear till somthing come into 
your hand. 

To Cousin Hull p Chubb, S. S- 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr, John Jve ^ Quelch. 

Augt. 1, 1691. 

Sir, — A neighbour of mine, Mr. William Needham, 
made a Bequest to a Brother and Cousin of his in London, 

in these words Item. I doe hereby bequeath unto 

my loving Brother, Andrew Needham, a Taylor Living 
in London, Forty pounds Money ; and to his son Thomas 
Needham, Ten pounds Money — which I doe appoint shall 
be put into the hands of Mr. Samuel Sewall of Boston, 
Merchant, for him to remit the same to them ; and that if 
either of them die before he receivs his part thereof, the 
deceased's part shall goe to the survivour. Andrew Need- 
ham lives in Hoggin Lane over against the Tavern, som- 
where at the east-end of the Suburbs, as I take it. He 
is a dark in some church. Upon the third of July last I 
received of Edward Spalding and Joseph Tompson, Execu- 
tors of Will. Needham of Boston, N. E., Set-work Cooper, 
Fifty pounds in p" |, at six shillings a piece, weighing 
17. P. w*, and I have drawn on you to pay them the 
Money at 30.£ p cent, which sum is now given here for 
good Bills. I have made four Bills to each of them, 
dated July 35*?, 1691, at thirty days sight ; £30. 15. 6. 
to the father, and £7. 13. 10.* to the son, which Bills, 
honour with Acceptance, and take an Acquittance from 



120 LETTEH-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Andrew and Thomas Needham. The executors sent over 
a Copy of the Will ; Testator died December 3. last. I 
do not know exactly what Money I have in yoar hand, 
hope to receive an account shortly. I writt to you p Mr. 
Chubb to pay Mr. Wotton at the three Daggers in Fleet 
street £2-10. 0, or 3. 2. 6. for Books I brought over for 
him to Mr. Joseph Brunning, who is lately dead — I 
thank you for your Letters and Gazetts ; we are longing 
to hear directly out of England. The Truce is over, and 
our Indian war renewd. The enemy attempted to sur- 
prise Wells but were disappointed by a party of ours 
[who] got into Town but about half an hour before. 
Sir, your friend and Serv!^. S. S. 

Send my wife a piece of Silk of the same stripe flower 
and colour of the inclosed pattern, but a better and firmer 
silk; q* about twenty ells. Have inclosed two of the 
second Bills. S. S. 

MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. Andrew Needham in Hoggin Lane, over 
against the Tavern, London, p Quelch, inclosing a Bill 
of Exchange, drawn on Mr. Ive, for £30 - 15 - 6. dated 
July 25, at 30 days sight. 

Ditto to Thomas Needham his son, under covert of his 
father, with first of his Bills for £7. 13. 10. Acquainting 
them with W? Needhams death 3"^ October last past, and 
I received the Money of the executors, 3^ July. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Mr. Edward HuU, July 23, 1691. ^ Quelch with the last JBiU 
of Col, Oedney and Company for £70. in these words: 

Virginia, April 6, 1691. 

Thirty days aft^r sight of this my third Bill of 
exchange, my first and second not being paid^ Pay or 
cause to be paid to Bartholl. Gedney, Benjam? Brown, 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 121 

John Higinson, Stephen Sewall, and Benjam? Marston, 
merchants, of Salem in New England, or their order, the 
full sum of seventy pounds Sterlin, for value received of 
Francis Ellis. Make good Pay and place the same to 
account of, as p advice 

To Mr. mcay Berry and Mr. Your humble servant 
Thomas Lane merch*f London RoGER JoNES. 

Assignment endorsed to me p all the Gentlemen. 

Salem May 22, 1691. I endorsed to Cousin Hull July 
22, 1691. 

Rec. the money, and pay it to our Agents, or their 
order, the Council having agreed with me for the Bill 
and orderd the disposal of it in this maner. The former 
went by Chubb. 

MEMORANDUM. 

Boston N. E., Aug* 22, 1691. 

A Memorandum of several Bonds delivered Mr. Chris- 
topher Webb to get in the Money for me. 
*1. Cornelius and Jn? Cantelbury .... £10 15 

2. Timothy Hyde 39 17 11 

*3. Jn^Needham 26 10 

*4. Damaris Robinson 25 8 9 

5. Sheaf and Harris 53 

6. Zech. and Nath! Thair 12 

7. Josiah Torrey 800 

8. Needham and King 23 11 6 

9. Grovener 10 

10. Dan? Willard 10 12 

11. Ebenez^ Hayden and Jos. Crosby ... 31 10 

12. Stepher Sergeant 11 3 

•13. JohnMarrit 17 

♦14. Eliezer Wood £10-0-0 but 5" due be- 
side the Interests 

Received the above recited Bonds the 

day first mention'd p me CHBistOFHEB Webb. 

Oave him two pss of eight 12*. 



I 



122 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

MEMORANDA. 

Sept^ 14, 1691. Writt to Capt. Tho. Tupper, to hasten 
finishing the Meetinghouse. Inclosed Edward Milton's 
Aflfidavit. 

Mr. Eliot believ'd the Americans to be of the Ten 
Tribes ; if so, He that shall come will come and will not 

tarry here will be a very beauteous Bride, and 

they will be extream happy who have been any way 
imployd in wooing Her for Christ &c. 

Sept^ 14*?, 1691. Writt to Father Sewall by Mr. Moodey 
now going to Portsmouth. 

Sept^ 18. Writt to Brother Jn? Sewall p Mr. Daniel. 

Ocb^ 10, 1691. To Capt. William Smith, with the Bill of 
Lading offerd Mr. Sergeant which said Sergeant peremp- 
torily refus'd. [I] found a second Bill and defacd it which 
[I] supose better than to make you pay postage 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD (1) HULL. 

To Cousin JEuU. ^ RicJid. Foster. 

OctbT 13, 1691. 

I received yours of the 8 July past, and thank you for 
the readiness expressed to doe me all the kindness you 
can and to advise me of what you doe. I have writt 
Cap* Smith a Letter, and sent back his Bill, and defac'd 
a second [and] third I see not at present. If I said 
nothing before, twas because nothing was to be had ; 
and quickly found that the captain had put his business 
into a more likely way, and to a suitable person, whom 
(if it had needed) I was ready to assist. I hope to get 
a little Money into your hand by way of Bilbao. The 
Pink Pomgranat is bound thether with Fish. I frait 100. 
Quintals. I entreat you to send me an end of Colourd 
Broad-Cloth, such as I bought of Mr. Pettit, rather inclin- 
ing to sad than light colour, with very good suitable Hair 
Buttons. If Mr. Bichd. Stretton^ in Warwick Lane, send 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 123 

you any books for me, Receive them, and give him the 
Money he demands for them, and send them me carefully 
by the first. I never ha^end to be at home when Hugh 
Forth was at our House which hindred me from having 
that oportunity of sending by him as I desired. 
My service to Cousins and all frienda 



MEMORANDUM. 

To Mr. Stretton, to buy Bellarmine, two volumes, polem- 
ical works, fair print. Some Spanish Books; Barthol. 
de las Casas in Spanish, and in English too ; Gramar and 
Dictionary, if to be had; and what else you shall see 
convenient for my purpose of getting a Smattering of the 
Spanish Tongue : provided you exceed not forty shillings ; 
and come below it as much as you will, &c. 

& S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO ELISHA HUTCHINSON. 

To Major Eliaha Hutchinson, 

Octte 17, 1691. 

HoND. Major, — You know with what Regret I did 
enter into any military Concern since my coming from 
England ; and tis fully known to my self only, how uneasy 
I have been in it. I am now come to a point, as to my 
military station in this Town, to quit it ; and I do and have 
quitted it, which I signify to your self, that so a conven- 
ient Settlement for the South-Company may be provided 
Seasonably. 

I am honoured Major, your obliged friend and humble 
Serv*. S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN GERRISH AND RICHARD WALDRON. 

To Cap*. John Qerrish and JUr. Richard Waldron. 

Boston in New-England, Ootob^ 24, 1691. 

Gentlemen, — I would intreat you or either of you to 
send me Three Thousand of good Boards ; clear, sound, 



124 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Inch and quarter cut. Let them be sent this fall, or in 
the Spring by neighbour Flood, or any Boatman that 
may Land them at Gill's Wharf, or as near the South- 
End of the Town as may be ; and I will give you ready 
Money for them ; shillings or pieces of f . If you caiiot 
doe it, please to signify it to me by a Line or two. 

Your friend and serv*. S. S. 

Memorandum, To send for Tho. Hunt, Turner. 
Four Duz. fine Hair Sive-Bottoms 
8 Duz. middling 
8 Duz. course 

3 middling large 
A Duz. Lawn 

A Gross Strainers 

4 Duz. large Strainers 

MEMORANDA. 

Nov- 24, 1691. To Major Walley, desiring him to act 

on my behalf as to dividing our Narraganset Lands, when 

a Convenient Season is. If Tho. Mumford will sell me 

his share of point Judith Neck for the 75£ he ows, I 

will firmly make it over for the use of the Ministry for 

ever ; and let said Mumford have what Mf . Brenton or 

other purchaser will advance towards it, besides. I will 

gratify you for what you doe for me. 

Your friend and serv?. S. S. 

&c. &c. 

Sent a Letter to Cousin Hull and Madam Usher p the 
Bristowman, Nov! 18. Desir'd her to procure some other 
[person] to look after her business. Williams will give 
only £12. p anum or leave the House forcd to take £10. 
in Bills [of] Credit. Have some Money by me ; intend 
to buy some English Money with it and send it you. 
Benj. Goodridge. Great snow fell last Monday night. 
Have a Daughter Mary bom this day 3 weeks. Col. 




LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 125 

Dudley says the Certificat of Mis Cotton ['s] Marriage is 
misdated by a years space ; was married when He was in 
England. 

Nov^ 25, 1691. Writ to Sam. Smith of Eastham p 
Isaac Pepar, that he speedily pay the Balance of his ac- 
coimt which is £71 3 6|. Postscript. Mr. Crosby has 
cleard and brought me in his debt. S. S. 

Boston, N. E., xr. 18, 1691. 

Sent Major Dan? Davison the Balance of his Account 
£17. 14. 3| p Brother Gerrish : sent you one before 
drawn out to which received no answer; now only in 
hast sent the total Sums. Hope you will occasion no 
more writing of mine or any bodies else. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL AND ANOTHER TO JOSHUA MOODEY AND 

OTHERS. 

Boston, January 9, 169^. 

Mr. Joshua Moodey. 
Mr. Subael Dummer. 
Mr. Benjamin Woodbridge. 

Gentlemen, — The foregoing is Copy of the Letter and 
Order received by us, January, 7*?, of Mr. Nathanael Foot, 
with the Money therein mentioned ; though 'twill hardly 
hold out here, by reason of the quantity and quality of a 
considerable part of it: however hope twill not fal) 
much short. 

You shall doe well presently to meet together, propor- 
tion the Contribution, and direct what you will have the 
Money laid out in, that the distressed may quickly taste 
some fruit of their Brethrens Charity. Possibly, a Ves- 
sel and Hands to fetch the Provision, may more con- 
veniently be procured at Portsmouth than here. If not, 
please to signify whether or no it be your desire, that 
we should keep money enough in our hand, wherewith 
to hire a Vessel from hence. Capt. March was gon before 
we knew any thing of this affair. Praying God to direct 



126 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

your Management, and render your service acceptable to 
his Saints, we take leave, who are Gentlemen, yours 

What if the sorrowfull Sam. Sewall. 

Reniains of Benj. Goodridge's Sam^ Willard. 

family should have some small 

Taste given them of Connecticot's 

Kindness. 

If any fled to Boston, or elsewhere, be distressed; 
you [?] see the Cofiaission does fairly reach them. 



memoranda. 



Writt to John Allyn Esqr. Secretary to the Honble. 
the Govemour and Council of their Maj' Colony of Con- 
necticot in New-England, signifying my Receipt of the 
Money p Mr. Nathan! Foot, with hearty service and 
Thanks for the same, and Assurance that should be dis- 
posed according to their order. Mr. Moodey is at Ports- 
mouth. Mr. Willard and I have written to Him and the 
Gentlemen concerned, exciting them presently to meet, 
proportion the contribution, and direct what it shall be 
laid out in, that so the distressed may quickly taste some 
fruit of their Brethrens Charity. Messenger is in great 
haste; shall write more fully p next oportunity. Told 
the Money p Candle-Light and so am not certain what 
'twill make here, nor very confident of the Truth of my 
Receipt. However I have given the Messenger two 
pieces of | for his further encouragement.^ S. S. 

^ After the sack of Schenectady by the French and Indians during the 
administration of Frontenac, Feb. 8, 1690, and the invasion of Maine and 
New Hampshire, later in the same year, in which Falmouth, Dover, and 
Exeter suffered severely, delegates from Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connec- 
ticut, and New York, met at New York, May 1, to arrange an exj>edition 
against Quebec. Sewall was one of the Commissioners for Massachusetts. 

The plan of the campaign contemplated a naval expedition under Sir 
"William Phips against Quebec; an assault on Montreal by the combined 
forces of Connecticut and New York, and a movement against the eastern 
Indians, under Major Church, the famous Indian fighter. It was intended 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 127 

January 9% 169f Writt to Mr. Timothy Woodbridge 
that [I] had not heard from Mr. Shove since his going to 
Simsbury. Should be glad to understand his circumstan- 
ces. Conecticot Contribution is very well accepted here. 
Pray God to bless them, so as that upon that account 
also, they may have cause to rejoice in what they have 
done for relief of the distressed. I ask Mrs. Wood- 
bridges acceptance of the inclosed little book (Ornaments 
&c) it being designed for the female Sex. My service to 
Mr. Pitkin and Mr. Pierpont. [The] Governour has been 
very sick ever since Monday, being followed with some 
grinding pains. S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EPHRAIM SAVAGE. 

Copy of a Letter to Cap*. JE^hraim Savage. 

Jan! 22, 169^. 

CapT Ephraim Savage. 

Sir, — These are to give you notice that C[ousin] J. 
Higginson, and his Brother B. Savage came to my house 
this morning, and demanded of me Hog-Island, by reason 
that many Quarters had not been paid to their Mother 
Stoddard, according as Major Savage's Executors were 
obliged to do, under their hands and seals. When this 
was done. Cap*. Higginson desired a third person present 
to bear witness thereof. Indeed, Cousin, you had need 
not to feed your self with fancies, and bring yourself and 

that each of these several expeditions should be so timed as to promote the 
success of the others; but they all resulted in miserable failures, and brought 
Massachusetts into great financial straits, from which she sought to extricate 
herself by issuing the first Colonial paper money, in the fall of 1690. 

Nothing in the Histories above referred to, would lead their readers to sup- 
pose that Connecticut furnished any troops, save those joined with the forces 
of New York against Montreal; but it may be fairly inferred from SewalFs 
letters and accounts that Phips^s force of two thousand men, or Church's of 
three hundred, included some troops in the pay of Connecticut, and that 
Sewall was one of her agents for that purpose, as well as for the distribution 
of her generous contributions for the relief of the suffering towns in Maine 
and New Hampshire (see ante^ p. 6). — Eds. 



^ 
I 



4 



128 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL, 

me into perplexing and endless trouble, by neglecting to 
pay Mrs. Stoddard your Mother, her due.^ You have 
warranted to me the Sale of the Island, and therefore 
I inform you of what has pass'd, that you may prepare 
to defend me, and make good my Title. We are all in 
health, as I hope of your self and family. I add no 
more, but that I am, Sir, your loving Cousin. S. S. 



SAME TO SAME. 

Febr. b% 169J. 

Dear Cousin, — I have here inclosed sent you a Copy 
of your Articles ; which I hope you desire not for the 
searching out any nicity in Law, but that they may be 
in stead of a Constant monitor to excite you to the 
punctual observance of them. If there should be any 
failure on your part, I should not be able to hold up my 
head before my mother and wife, or any of my friends. 
We are all well. My service to your self, wife, Mr. 
Pierpont, Major Swain. I take leave who am 

Sir, your truly loving Cousin. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To 3fr. John Ive, ^ Cap\ Beal, 

B. N. E., Febr. 19, 169J. 

Sir, — Dolbery, Blower and Gillam are arrived, but I 
hear nothing of Wear yet, and so neither my books nor 

1 Captain Thomas Savage's second wife was Mary, daughter of Rev. 
Zechariah Symmes of Charlestown. .After her husband's death she married 
Anthony Stoddard. Captain Ephraim Savage was in arrears for two quarters 
of his mother's annuity, as appears from two original receipts of the same 
tenor, in possession of the editors, dated respectively Feb. 29, 1690/1, and 
July 16, 1691. The last of the receipts reads as follows: — 

Boston, July 16, 1691. 
Then received of Sam? Phipps, on y« account and in y« behalfe of my son 
Ephraim Savage, the full sum of four pounds fifteen shillings money, being 
so much due from him, wy said son Ephraim Savage on y* account of my 
annuity for Hog Island. I say received by me, as Witness my hand by me 

Mart Stoddakd. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 129 

wives stuffs are come to hand. As I remember, 'tis 4 
weeks this day, since Dolbery arriv'd in the Cape-Harbour ; 
but Gillam got into ours before him. I am glad you for- 
bore to send the Silks: Now send in stead of them by 
the first good ship — eight and Twenty Sheets of kindly, 
well-temper'd ductile lead, that may endure the Frost and 
Sun without cracking or warping. Let the Sheets be 
fourteen foot long and four foot and a half wide, — cast 
of the thickness of nine pounds to a foot square; and 
care must be had in shiping them. Here is complaint 
made that holes are punched in sheet-Lead, in removing 
it from place to place ; which hath put some upon casting 
considerable quantities here. Please also to send two or 
three hundred foot of Free-stone squar'd, i. e. hewn. 
Major Hutchinson sets forward this day, being chief 
Comander of Souldiers and Inhabitants for the Eastern 
parts. Twas an amazing stroke that was given us. when 
York, a Town two days journey from hence, was in a 
great measure destroy'd about fifte persons kill'd and near 
ninty captivated. The Reverend Mr. Shubael Duiiier, 
their godly learned pastor, was shot dead, off his horse, 
as is supos'd; which is the more sorrowfuU to me, 
because my Mothers Cousin german and my very good 
friend. This was on the 25'^' of Janf, the poor people 
being wretchedly secure because no hurt had been done 
since the 25^ October till that time. Mr. D. writt me a 
Letter of the 19*^ Jan'^ full of love, the last words of which 
were. " The Lord grant a gracious effect to the desires 
of the last Fast. Send good news from 0. E." The 
News from England by Dolbery, and of this horrid Trag- 
edy, came to us, as it were, in one moment. We are 
in daily expectation of Sir William and our Agents, The 
good Lord bring them safely, speedily. We doe very 
much need your prayers. Sir, your friend and Serv! 

S. S. 

TOL. I.— 9. 



130 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Deal with a skillfull honest man that may use me well 
as to the goodness of the Lead ; and as to the price.^ 

Feb*: 20, 169 J. 

Sir, — These are a suplement to what I writt yester- 
day. I would have you send me sixty small Blocks of 
Stone, two foot long, one foot high, one foot upon the 
head, for coins; also sixty Blocks of Three foot long, 
and one foot square. Let them be such stones as will 
endure the wether ; I sup'ose you may have them under, 
or however for 12** p foot good free stone. They will 
serve for Ballast. If you should find that they may be 
much cheaper bought at Apsom, Bristow, or other Port 
of England, and you know of any N. E. vessel there, 
please to order them from thence. S. S. 



MEMORANDA* 



Boston N. E. Febr. 29, 169 J. Writt to Mr. Ive ordering 
him to pay Thomas Needham, Cutler, at the Sun and Bible 
on London Bridge, Son to Andrew Needham deceasd. 
Thirty eight pounds and Ten shillings, upon his producing 
legal Certificat of his fathers death. 

If the sheet-Lead can't well be cast 4 J wide, abate the 
half foot.^ Let it be sound, without flaws, that so if I use 
but some, or none of it, it may be vendible. 

Febr. 29, 169J. Writt to Cousin Storke that I paid 
Mary Linton five shillings, and will take 20 or 30£ of 
Brother St[ephen] Sewall on his account. Gave an ac- 
count of Mr. Shubael Duiner and his wives death. Am 
glad are pursuing unjust Bernard. 

Febr. 29, 169^^ Writt to Mr. Nath? Whitfield at the 
Navy office London of Wears Arrival, and that would 
take care of the Goods, forwarding Mr. Jones and Leet's 
Letters. 

^ By Gardener Copy; and for a Bell of a clear sweet sound about eight or 
ten pounds price. Needham also. 
' ^ Capt BeaL 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 131 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS NEEDHAM.i 

Copy of a Letter to Thomas Needham^ Cutler ^ at the Sun and Bible 

on London JBridge. 

March 4*^, 169^. 

Sir, — Yours of the 14*** September is before me, with 
the inclosed Discharge and Letter of Attorney. And in 
pursuance of your desire, I did on the same day I re- 
ceived your Letter ; viz. Febr. 29*?, write to Mr. Jn? Ive, 
Merchant, in Colchester street London, ordering Him to 
pay you Thirty eight pounds and Ten shillings, upon your 
producing a legal Certificat of your fathers death. More 
is given now for Bills of Exchange But I gave the like 
order, the first of August last, by one Mr. Quelch, who 
was carried into France, and so the Goods and writings 
lost; and will not alter it. The Executors gave you a 
true extract of your Unkles Will, and nothing more 
accrues to you, by it, than what they mentioned. Wish- 
ing these well to your hand^ I take leave, who am 

Sir, your friend and Servt. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Cousin Edward HuU. 

March 4, 169^. 

Wear arriv'd. Have orderd Mr. Ive to pay Tho. Need- 
ham, &c, ordered you £100. upon the Pomgranat's arrival 
at Bristow. From the 25*^ of Febr. forward, there have 
been such great Rains and Thaw of the Snow, that this 
Country has suffred great Loss, in their Bridges and Mills, 
by the extraordinary excessive Floods. Speak to Mr. 
Richd. Stretto to buy me Bellarmin and some Spanish 
Books, and pay Him the Money for them. S. S. 

Memorandum.^ Write to Cousin Hull, for Sam! Garde- 
ner, two small Bibles with cases Turkey Covers, Needles. 
Writ it [p] Gardener. 

» V Capt. Beal. « vid. Octt 13, 1691. 



132 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



MEMORANDA. 

March 15*?*, 169f Writt a Second Letter to Maj' Hutch- 
inson, p Mr. Moodey, who goes towards Portsmouth to- 
morrow. Desiring that some course may be taken to 
satisfy what has been advanced on Capt. Willies Souldiers. 

March 16, 169^. To Major Walley, by Mr. Brenton, 
desiring him to Act on my behalf as to the Division of 
Narraganset Lands, and I will bear his charges and gratify 
him, as in mine of November 24*!? 

April 5^, 1692. Gave Mr. Edw. Taylor Westfield's 
account of disbersments with the Treasurer's Receipt for 
the sum mentioned in it. 

July 20^**, 1692. To Cousin Hull, p Weare, inclosing 
a second Bill of Exchange, on Mr. William Burrough. 
Look imediatly after it. Place Sam. Gardeners 10% N. E. 
money, left in your hand to my account. I paid him his 
money last night Wells beat off the Enemy. His Ex- 
cellency is going in person to beat up their Quarters. 
Are perplexed p witchcrafts ; six persons have already 
been condemned and executed at Salem. Tis a very dry 
Time.— 

Memorandum. Whereas I have this day, July 23., 
1692, Lett to Nath. Niles my share of Point-Judith ; 
1 do promise, that if upon the settlement of Govern- 
ment there, any extraordinary heavy Tax should be laid 
upon the Land and stock, I will bear part of the same, 
and not leave the Tenant to pay the whole charge : As 
witness my hand. S. S. 

Ocb^ 4. Writt to Cousin Hull, p Beard, for Memoran- 
dums for my Wife ; and order to pay Madam Usher Fif- 
teen pounds at 30 p cent. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 133 

Ocb- 19. To Cousin Hull, p the Saml and Henry, to 
the same effect, enclosing Mr. Burrough's third Bill of 
Exchange. Writt to Madam Usher advising of the 
Money orderd her p Cousin Hull. 

Boston N. E. Ocb^ 19, 1692. To Cousin Storke p their 
Majesties ship, the Samuel and Henry, advising that had 
received of Brother Stephen for his Account Thirty 
pouncjs for which allow him at thirty p cent, though 
Two and Thirty is now given. Remember [me] to Mr. 
Warren and Mr. Goldwire. [I] desire your Prayers for 
us relating to the Witchcraft. 

Novemb- 1, 1692. To Mr. James Noyes of Stonington 

with a pair [of] Wash-Leather Dear-skin Gloves p 

Mr. Moses Noyes. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO ELIZUR HOLYOKE. 

To Mr, Elizur ITolyoke^ at JBarhadoSy $ Capt. Thomas, 

Dec: 13, 1692. 

I Lent Mr. Jn? Williams of Barbados, (lately student 
with Mr. Morton at Charlestown,) Ten pounds in Money, 
upon his Importunitj'. I desire and order you to receive it 
and give Mr. Williams an Acquittance. I have only a Re- 
ceipt of 23 July, 1691. Remit the Money by good Bills 
to Mr. Edw. Hull, at the Hat in hand, within Algate, 
London. I liave enclosed sent you Mr. William's Let- 
ter to me, with an order on it, to pay you. Wishing 

your welfare and safe Return, I take leave. 

vide infra. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM ADAMS. 

To Mr. WiUiam Adams, at Barbados^ ^ the Bark Olive Branch of 

Salem ^ Jn**. Walk Comander. 

December 23, 1692. 

Mr. W!» Adams. 

Sir, — I have sent p Mr. Hirst's Bark, the Olive Branch 
of Salem, Jn? Walk Coinander, Two and Thirty Barrels of 



134 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

good sound Mackarell;^ which please to sell for me to 
best advantage, and remit the effects by good Bills of 
Exchange, unto Mr. Edward Hull, Merchant at the Hat 
in hand, within Algate London. I have also remitted 
to you J) Bills of Exchange, from Mr. Hirst, your Unkle 
and my Brother Cap? Stephen Sewall, Fifty Two pounds ; 
which remit for me to London, as above : And give me 
advice by the first, of the Arrival of said Bark ; and 
what you have done for Account of Sir, your 



MEMORANDUM. 



Jan': 2, 169f . Orderd Mr. Nathanael Thair, To take 
up the Letters intended for Mr. Holyoke, he being come 
off the Island ; and gave said Thair an order to receive 
the Ten pounds of Mr. John Williams, and give him a 
Discharge ; inclosd an order to Williams to pay it. Gave 
him five pieces f (one is little better than a half piece) to 
lay out in Memorandums for my wife; viz. one sugar 
Loaf of 8 pounds double refind, others single. A Cask of 
the best sweet-Meats. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD (?) HULL.« 

Boston, N. E., Febr. 25, leQJ. 

Dear Cousin Hull, — These are to tell you that we 
are well. The Pink I formerly wrote of^ was Taken by 
a French Privateer, between Cape Finister and Bilbao. I 
have now orderd 52£, Barbados Money, to be remitted 
by Bill of Exchange, if the ship arrive well there. When 
you receive any thing for my account, give me notice of 
it by the first. Give diligence to get the Bill of Ex- 
change drawn on a Gentleman in the Six clerks oflBce, 

1 £30 
50 

60 

Venture. * ^ Jeremia Tay. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 135 

accepted and paid. Mr. Adam Winthrop, and Mr. Brom- 
field, promised to order me Ten pounds apiece in to your 
hand ; which I hope is done. &c S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Apr. 10, 1693. To Mr. Moodey. p Benj. Bagworth, 
with pieces cloth pair stockings IJ pieces |, a fragment 
of Mr. Cotton's Contribution ; to be given to 3 needy 
persons ; In his absence, to Richd Waldron Esqr. 

To Nathan! Niles June 1, 1693, p Jn^ Smith, ordering 
said Niles to draw my Lot for me in some Lands to be 
divided at Pettaquamscot. Buy a Cow to make up your 
Complement, and I will allow it. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO PETTAQUAMSCOT PURCHASERS. 

To the Pettaquamscot Purchasers. 

June 2, 1693. 

Gentlemen, — I understand j) Mr. Smith there are some 
Divisions of Land in the Pettaquamscot Purchase, to be 
Lotted to the several Proprietours : My business is such 
at present that I caiiot attend it my self ; I have there- 
fore ordered my Tenant, Nathanael Niles, to draw for me, 
and what he does I will stand to, as if I had done it my 
self. If you have a mind to survey and lay out what 
Lands yet remain, I [shall] very well agree to it ; and 
when it is necessary to meet. Appoint a Day, and give 
me timely notice, and I hope I shall not fail to be pres- 
ent : or if I am necessarily detaind, shall sufficiently 
impower some body to act on my behalf, who am your 
friend and Partner, S. Sw 

For Mr John Smith Surveyor at Newport, on Rode- 
Island, To be comunicated to the Pettaquamscot Pur- 
chasers. 



136 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



MEMORANDUM. 

July 11, 1693. To Mr. W? Adams at Barbados/ to 
call upon Mr Jn^; Williams for £10. lent him July 23 
91. [and] lay it out in two small Casks of good sweet- 
meats, I duz. Loavs of good w* sugar ; 2 double refin'd ; 
the rest in good Grocers Sugar fit to spend in the family. 
I received yours giving account of arrival of the Olive 
Branch. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM JONES. 

Copy of a Letter to TF*!* Jones Esqr. at New Haven.^ 

V. 21, 1693. 

Sir, — I received yours the 18*? Instant; have since 
ship'd your Pack on the Speedwell Jno. Holt Master; 
the f rait is 10% charge 6^ . . . .£0 10 61 
Postage from Portsmouth .... 

From Conecticut 

To Majy Savage 

To James Wood, warehousekeep' who 

also takes account of Goods from 

on board 1 



8 
6 
6 







Thirteen 
Shil? and 
2^ in the 
whole. 



£0 13 2) 
Have inclosed the Agreement of the Eastern Indians. 
My service to your self and good Lady, Mr. Pierrpont. 

Sir, your friend and servf. 
Shall forward yours for England. 
Holt demands 2- frait. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD (?) HULL. 

Letter to Cousin Hull ^ the Sam\ and Henry. 

Octr 24, 1693. 

Dear Cousin, — The Trunk and Memorandums p 
Allen, came to hand. My w^ife is thankful! for your 

^ ^ Jose. 

* This letter apparently refers to the Connecticut contributions, an ac- 
count of which may be found on page 5 ei seq. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 137 

pains for her, and desires you to send her the following 
particulars p the next good Conveyance ; viz. One p? of 
good mixt Serge; blew, Orange, and sad colours. Two 
p? Stuff ; one for Children, the other our own wearing. 
One p? Tufted Holland. Two p' Strip'd Fustian. Five 
pounds of Cloth colourd Silk; five pounds of black, 
mostly Sewing ; Five pounds of light-coloiud ditto ; viz. 
Orange, blew, red, white colours. One p? of Ell-wide 
Muzlin fine and thick. Six Ells of Holland at Six" p 
Ell. One p? Garlick Holland | wide. One p? Shepard's 
Holland or course Bag-Holland. Half a p? of Dowlace, 
fine, yard broad ; if of a reasonable price. Two pair of 
black silk Gloves, larger in the arm, and longer than them 
last sent. Two p? of fine | Cambrick. Sixteen Duz. of 
Hair Coat Buttons. Two •Gross of Silk ditto Smaller. 
One p? of Colourd Calico. If you have more Mony in 
your hands, send a pattern of good strong colourd Silk 
for a Jacket, a pf of Alamode. Two p" of checquered 
Galoom. If you have not enough, abate. Mr. W? Adams 
sends me from Barbados, that he has ordered you a Bill 
of Fifty pounds. Please to charge Comission to me as to 
others. We have lately had a little daughter and buried 
her. Are now all well through God's goodness. My 
Service to your self, cousin Brattle, Allen and all friends. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVB. 

To Mr. Ive ^ the Sam\ and Henry. 

Oct! 25, 1693. 

Sir, — By my Neighbour Mr. Jn? Mico Merchant I have 
sent you Three and twenty Spanish PistoUs, and one small 
piece of Arabian Gold: Ten broad pieces; and three 
pounds in English Silver Crowns. I know not the just 
value of the Gold, but hope the whole will rather more 
than balance the Account. The Stones are excessively 
dearer than I mentioned in my Letter to you, or imagin'd ; 



138 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

and come so late that I have little use of them.^ And the 
Costlmess of them bespeaks a Grandure far beyond my 
estate, and which I have purposely avoided ; which was 
one reason made me forbid sending [for] the Silk, out of 
a particular dislike I had to the wearing so much in this 
poor country. So that in this I may be truly said to have 
done that which I would not, and you must accept to bear 
part of the blame, &c. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRIDGET USHER. 

To Madam Usher. 

Oct^ 25, 1693. 

Received your Letters. Shew'd Mr. Usher a Copy of 
the Certificat of Mrs. Bridget's Marriage.^ Have taken 

1 See Letter of Feb^ 20, 169 J, on page 130 ante, —Eds. 

* This was Mrs. — or Miss, as we should now say — Bridget Hoar, 
who married Rev. Thomas Cotton of London. (See Sewall's Diary, L 104, 
note.) Her mother. Madam Bridget Usher, who had for her first husband 
Dr. Leonard Hoar, was at this time separated from her second husband, 
Hezekiah Usher, Jr., and living in England. Sewall acted as the agent of 
Madam Usher in this country, and on her death as one of the executors of 
her will. It does not appear exactly what the trouble was between Madam 
Usher and her husband which had caused a separation, except that Usher 
was a most eccentric individual. The following extract from his will, while 
it does not throw any light upon the nature of the quarrel, illustrates the 
peculiar temper of the man : — 

*^ And as to the dispose of my outward Estate. In the first place, I desire 
that all my due debts should be paid as soon as possibly may be, And unto 
my dear wife, whom I may count very dear by her Love to what I had but 
not a real Love to me, which should accounted it more worth than any other 
outward Enjoyment; and for her covetousness & over-reaching & cunning 
Impression that has almost ruinated me by a gentle behavior, having only 
words but as sharp swords to me, whose Cunning is like those to be as an 
Angel of Light to others but wanting Love and Charity for me, and like Sir 
Edm<^ to oppress the people and his hand not to be seen in it and do^e by his 
Council. And therefore I do cut her off from the benefit of all my Estate, & 
do not bestow anything upon her but what the law doth allow. Because I 
look upon her as deceivable in going over for England, getting & grasping all 
her Estate to be in her hand, and of mine whatever was done for her by me 
to be ungratefull; and her staying away to be an implicit Divorce, and gives 
it into the hands of women to usurp the power out of the hands of their Hus- 
band's, rather than in a way of humility to seek their Husband's good. If 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 139 

out a writt, which is to be heard next Week. Bestow 
the Skeleton in the Colledg Library. Order Mr. Masons 
Correspondent to receive what money I may at any time 
have for you ; am so out of business that know not how 
to convey it to you. I rejoice in the good Settlement of 
Madam Lloyd. Service to self, Mr. and Mrs. Cotton. 
j> the Sam? and Henry. 



MEMORANDUM. 



An account of the kind of the goods that we who are 
concerned in the Legacye desire to have it pay'd in. 
Item : 30 dozen of ockimy [alchemy] Spoons. Item : 40 
brass Candlestiks of a middle cize. Item : The remainder 
to be halfe in pewter, and the other halfe in brass, and 
the biggest kittles not above: 20: or [bioued] 24 gallons; 



they can live comfortably abroad without them they regard not the troubles 
or Temptations of their Husbands at home, & so become separate ; which is 
far worse than the Doctrine of Devils which forbid to marry. But as to her 
Daughter Bridget if her mother had not been so undermining & over-reaching 
for her I should have been willing to have done what I could for her. And 
do give her the Tumbler with the Arms of a spread Eagle with two heads, 
(but I think one head for a body is enough) and the Table cloth of the best 
Damask & the napkins thereto. And this my Will I make to be a Warning 
to those women that have no Love for their Husbands, but to what they have; 
which one had better had a Wife that had not been worth a groat, than to 
have one that hath no love for him. And do desire those many papers that 
I have writ as to the Evil of having a Wife only in name, & to seek them- 
selves in a way of separation from their Husbands & the duty of Wives to their 
Husbands &c ; — that they & all my Letters sent to Madam Bndget, may be 
perused by some wise understanding person, that where anjrthing hath been 
acted by myselfe that is not convenient, something may be added for a sup- 
ply; but let him be one that is for men to Rule in their owne house; — that 
it may be a matter of benefit to some that may follow after me; for which 
end I do propose that he or they might have £30 or £40 allowed him or them 
for the compiling of the same. As to her that is reputed my Wife if she ac- 
knowledges anything wherein she hath done amiss, I freely forgive her ; I 
do not excuse my selfe altogether, but my Love to her & admiring of her 
gentele carriage &c, occasioned her & her complices to usurp that power over 
me whereby I have been cunningly overreached and abused several ways, &; 
therefore propose this for warning to others." — Eds. 



140 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

and the bigest pewter platter not exceeding above 18 
Inches over; and a convenient number of basons and 
porengers. 



REPORT OF A COMMITTEE ON THE SETTLEMENT OF A MINISTER 
AND LOCATION OF THE MEETING-HOUSE IN WATERTOWN.i 

Whereas in a general Town Meeting of the Inhabitants 
of Watertown, upon the 27*? of December last past, it 
was Voted That matters of Difference relating to the 
settling of a Minister, and the placing of the Meeting- 
house, should be left to the determination of a Commite, 
to be chosen by the Governour and Council : And whereas 
upon the application of Mif William Bond and Lieut. Ben- 
jamin Garfield,^ the Governour and Council were, pleased 
to nominat us the Subscribers to be a Commite for the 
ends above said. We advise and determin, That foras- 
much as you have once and again called the Reverand 
Mr. Henry Gibbs to labour in the Lord's Vinyard at 
Watertown ; Which he hath so far accepted, as to spend 
some years with you; in which time, your selves and 
others have had plentifuU experience of his ability and 
real Worth; That therefore you doe your Endeavour 
that he may be speedily fixed among you, in the work 
and office of the Ministry. And Whereas there has been 
of a long time, ever since the days of your blessed Pastor 
Phillips, an earnest contending about the place of Meeting 
for the publick Worchip of God ; Having heard and duely 
weighed the Allegations of both parties, in your publick 
Meeting, and considering the Remoteness of the most of 



1 See Bond's History of Watertown, page 1050 et seq, — Eds. 

^ Ancestor of the late President, and prominently mentioned in the early 
annals of Watertown. He held many important public positions, especially 
in the local government, and was nine times chosen representative. For full 
accounts of President Garfield's ancestry, see Mass. Hist. Soc. Proc., Vol. XIX. 
83; also Proc. of Amer. Antiq. Soc. for Oct. 21, 1881, 386. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 141 

your Inhabitents from the place where the Meeting House 
now stands ; Our advice and Determination in that matter 
is, That within the space of four years next Coming, there 
be a Meeting House erected in your Town on a knowl of 
Ground lying between the House of the Widow Sterns 
and Whitney's hill ; to be the place of Meeting to worship 
God, for the whole Town. And if in the meantime, the 
Minister see cause to dwell in the House where the Rev- 
erend Mr. John Bayly dwelld ; the Town pay Rent to the 
Proprietors, as hath been accustomed since its building. 
So praying God to unite your hearts in his fear, we take 
Leave, who are your truly Loving friends and Bretheren. 

Boston, May 18*, 1693. 

Sign'd Ap. 6, 1694, at the Funeral House, and sent j> 
Lt. Col. Lynde. 

To our Brethren and neighbours of Watertown. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD (1) HULL. 

To coitsin HuU by Saunders, ^ 

May 3. 1694. 

Dear Cousin, — I received yours p mr. Eliot for which 
I am thankfull: on 2 of June last, I received fourteen 
pounds three shillings and 6^ • of my Brother for Mir. 
Robart Kitchen, on your Account £14. 3. 6. Tis much 
you have had no advice of it before now ; but many of 
<5ur letters fall short. Mr. W™ Adams of Barbados has 
recovered the principall Damages of the person who drew 
the £50 Bills, and I have writt to him to forward another 
to you by the first Conveyance. When you have Money 
in your hand, and not before, send the Memorandums 
written for OctT 24, 1693, and add to them a pattern of 
black broad cloth for a Coat, Jacket and Breeches with 
all apurtenances as before. I am now making up my 
last. I have sent you by the Two Brothers, Robart 



. >■• 



142 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Saunders Master, five Barrels of Turpentine marked S. S. 
from 1 to 5. Account of the 

weight given, is ^ Gr* [Gross] 13 303 

It stands me in 40? here of > Tar [Tare] 13. 8 

one who has made a begin- j n. 3, 23 Net 

ning to get some out of our Pines. 

The Bill of Lading is inclosed. If it 
shall please God to send it to you, sell 
it, and give me credit for the produce. 



MEMORANDUM. 



June 5, 1694. To Cousin Hull p Saunders, q* [as to] 
Clarks Releases, Letters to Mr. Whiting and directions 
for the Goods with a copy of their Letter to me; with 
Direction that may go up by the Ship. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRroOET USHER. 
To Madam Bridget Usher ^ Saunders. 

May 5 and June 5, 1694. 

Your Deed of Feoffment was put in suit Octf last. 
But the Judges saw meet to advise upon it till Aprill 
Terme ; before which time, viz. : April 2*!, Major Richards, 
one of the judges died ; and Majf Winthrop and myself 
being concerned there remained only the Leevt. Govr. 
and Mir. Danforth, wheras Three make a QuoruuL Upon 
which Capt. Chekly, Attorney for Mir. Usher, mov'd that 
judgment might not now be given : And accordingly a 
further Advisem* was entred, which for ought I know will 
not be the worse for you ; because the judges upon the 
arguing [which] has been in the case, seem to bee of 
opinion that you cannot demand any benefit by that 
Deed till Mir. Usher's death. If the Deed had been 
made for the use of any other person, there had been no 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 143 

question but that judgment must have been given for 
you. Your trunk is in our Garret, Limeek [?] at Cousin 
Quinseyes House, Skeleton at our ware house. Mir. 
Usher has demanded the Rent of Goodman Williams; 
and the little feeble Attomiship that I have, was made 
to me and cousin jointly, and has been of no force ever 
since cousin's death; which puts me in a great straight 
ever since that time — June 5. Mir. H. Usher was at 
our house yesterday. I was not well, and took the opor- 
tunity to ask him about Williams's Rent: His answer 
was he would not alter the dispositions of it yet. I have 
drawn out your Account and find Twenty odd pounds 
due to you. Some verry good' friends speak of going for 
England ; have thoughts of sending it by them, our ex- 
change running excessive high, £33 and 35 p cent. 

As to reccompence for gathering in your Rent : I shall 
not Ask more then five p cent. A great deal has Run 
out in Repairs, and the Rent is fallen to Twelve pounds 
p annum. I had many words with the Tennant about it, 
but he told me he would leave it, if that sum would not 
be taken. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BURBENK. 

To Mir, Burhenk, 

Boston, N. E., June 6*, 1694. 

Sir, — I am obligd by yours of ^ of novr. 1690. A 
neighbour of mine, Mir. Saunders, Intending to go to 
Rumsey, please to accept of this (though late) return. 
I was at Oxford in company of Mr. Mather,^ and were 



^ Sewall set sail for England November 22, 1688, and landed at Dover 
January 13, 1689. On his return he landed at Great Island, in Piscataqua 
River, November 29, having been absent a year lacking a few days. The 
editors of his Diary inform us that he had two objects in making this visit 
to his native land; **one being in reference to his own kindred and the prop- 
erty of his family in England, and the other a desire to be with Mr. Mather, / 
the agent of Massachusetts, and other friends who sought to uphold the inter- 



144 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

favoured by Dr. Gilbert, and Mr. Danson of Abbingdon, 
who had been formerly Fellow of Maudlin Colledge, as 

ests of the colony, now without a charter or a settled government, and to 
secure, if possible, a restoration of its privileges." Diary, I. 236. 

While in England, under date of August 3, 1689, he made the following 
entry in his Diary, I. 269: " Writt to my Wife by Dartmo, inclosing Thors- 
days Gazett, this days Scotch Paper, telling of Gov. Bradstreet's Letter by 
Peck being come to hand from Berwick. . . . IVir. Mather presents his Re- 
spects, and says that Sir Henry Ashurst told him the Country had put as 
much honour on him in sending the Address to him as if the Emperour had 
made him his Envoy." 

The Letter of Bradstreet and the Address forwarded to Sir Henry Ashurst 
are new to our history, apparently never having been printed in America, 
nor even alluded to by Neal, Hutchinson, or Palfrey. They will be printed 
in this note; and that they may be fully understood, a brief recapitulation of 
the events is necessary. 

The Andros government was overthrown by an uprising of the people of 
Boston and its vicinity, on the morning of the 18th of April, 1689, and some 
of its principal officers were thrown into gaoL About noon some of the prin- 
cipal citizens who had been in conference in the Council-chamber issued a 
Declaration to the people; and later in the day a demand was made upon 
Andros to deliver up the government and the fortifications until the pleasure 
of the Crown respecting them could be learned. 

Two days later, April 20th, some of the principal citizens formed them- 
selves into a provisional government under the name of a Council for the 
Safety of the People, and Conservation of the Peace. Of this body Brad- 
street was elected President, and as such he signed the letter, or Address 
to the King and Queen, alluded to by Sewall in his Diary, and herewith 
printed. 

This self-constituted government, with the cordial consent of its members 
it may be safely assumed, was displaced by the action of the Convention 
which met on the 22d of May, and finally voted on the 24th to set up a pro- 
visional government on the basis of the old charter. William and Mary were 
proclaimed May 29th, and the 6th of June the Council and Convention issued 
the second of the addresses herewith printed, and doubtless that which was 
forwarded to Sir Henry Ashurst to present to their majesties. 

As has been said, these Addresses are now printed for the first time on 
this side of the Atlantic, so far as is known, and are made accessible through 
the courtesy of the Trustees of the Public Library, who have recently im- 
ported them, with some other rare broadsides, from London. They consist 
of a folio of four pages, with a colophon as follows: ^^ London: Printed for 
Richard Baldmn^ in the Old-Bailey. 1689." Who prepared the introductory 
statement, unless it was the indefatigable Increase Mather, to whom the 
colony owed so much, the editors are unable to say. The documents, which 
are given in full, read as follows : — 



^ 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 145 

I take it, with a sight of the CoUedges, Halls, Schools, 
Theatre ; At New CoUedge, and every where, met with 



**T\vo ADDRESSES from the Governour, Council, and Convention of the 
Massachusetts Colony Assembled at Boston in New-England, Pre- 
sented to His Majesty at Hampton- Court, August 7. 1689. By Sir Henry 
AsHURST Baronet. 

** The People in New-England having groaned under the Violation of their 
Charters and most undoubted Rights, and the Illegal and Arbitrary Govern- 
ment imposed upon them by the late King, in the person of Sir Edmond 
Androssy and his Creatures, for about Three Years. 

** Hearing what was done in England, and how the then Prince of Orange, 
in Conjunction with the Nobility and Gentry, had most gloriously rescued 
themselves, their Religion, and Country from the Inundation of Popery and 
Slavery. They in imitation of so great an Example, upon the Eighteenth 
of April last, as one Man, rose in Arms, and seized the said Sir Edmond 
A ndross, and the rest of their most notorious oppressors, and them secured 
in safe Custody: Setting forth in Print a Declaration of the Reasons necessi- 
tating them to this way of proceeding. 

** An j for the Safety of the People, and Conservation of the Peace, chose 
a President and Council, who on the 20th of May, 1689, being Assembled at 
Boston, drew up, and subscribed a very Loyal Congratulatory Address to 
Their Majesties. 

** After which they settled the Government upon their Charter-Founda- 
tions, Electing their late Governour, a Council, and Magistrates; and they 
immediately summoned a Convention of the Representatives of the People to 
Boston, where being Assembled, they on the 6th of June, 1689, unanimously 
drew up, and subscribed a Second Address to Their Majesties. 

" As also an Instmment, empowering Sir Henry Ashurst Baronet, and a 
Member of the Honourable House of Commons, to be the Representative to 
Their Majesties, in all Matters concerning the colony of the Massachusetts: 
Withal, desiring Sir Henry to present the said Addresses to Their Majesties, 
in tlieir Names and behalf, in all humble and dutiful manner. 

** Which said Addresses, Powers, and Instructions arriving here last week, 
on Wednesday the 7th of this Instant August, Sir Henry went to Hampton 
Court; where being by that Great and Steady Patron of the Laws, Religion, 
and Liberties of his Country, the Right Honourable Henry Lord Delamere, 
introduced into the Royal Presence, Sir Henry acquainted His Majesty with 
the Happy Occasion of his present Attendance, the State and Condition of 
His Subjects in New England, and of the Powers they had entrusted and 
honoured him with ; at the same time presenting the said Addresses hereafter 
following ; which at His Majesty *s Command he distinctly read. After which 
His Majesty accepted them very graciously, and was pleased to express him- 
self with great kindness to the said People, assuring Sir Henry, That he kindly 
accepted their Tenders of Loyalty and Duty, and would take Them and their 
humble Requests into his particular Cai*e, &c. 

VOL. I. — 10. 



146 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

a candid Reception. One of the great things wherein 
Oxford seems to excell Cambridge is the publick Library. 

** *To the KING and QUEENS Most Excellent Majesties. The Humble 
ADDRESS OF THE President and Councel for the Safety of the People, 
and Consercation oftJie Peace. 

** ^ Dread Majesties j 

*• * The late Glorious Enterprise achieved by your Royal Highness through 
the Blessing of Heaven, attended with such Happy Success for the Relief 
and Deliverance of the Distressed Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland 
from the Miseries of Popery and Slavery, and then coming in upon them 
with a seeming irresistible Power, hath not only filled the Hearts of all the 
good Subjects of those three Kingdoms, but also of the Plantations depending 
thereupon, with unspeakable Joy, and will doubtless Influence all the. Protes- 
tant Kingdoms and places of Europe, and Erect an Everlasting Monument of 
Praise to your Royal Name; The Gladsome Tydings whereof hath reached 
these American Plantations, to their no small Rejoycing, which your poor dis- 
tressed Subjects of this Land hold themselves obliged to acknowledge with 
all hearty Thankfulness: First, to Almighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of the 
World ; and next, unto Your Royal Self, as an Instrument spirited by him to 
so Heroick and Hazardous an Undertaking. Your Three several Princely 
Declarations put forth on that Occasion, Encouraging the English I^atiou to 
cast off the Yoak of a Tyrannical and Arbitrary Power, which at that time 
they were held under, have occurred to the View and Consideration of the 
People in this Country, being themselves under a like (if not worse) Evil and 
Unhappy Circumstances with their Brethren of England. First, by unright- 
eously depriving them of their Charter, Government, and Priviledges, without 
any Hearing or Tryal, and under utter Impossibilities of having Notice of 
any Writ served upon them; And then followed with the Exercise of an Il- 
legal and Arbitrary Power over them, which had almost ruined a late Flour- 
ishing Country, and was become very Grievous and Intolerable, besides the 
growing Miseries, and daily Fears of a Total Subversion by Enemies at 
Home, and Invasions by Foreign Force. The People thereby excited to imi- 
tate so Noble and Heroick an Example, being strongly and unanimously spir- 
ited to extend their own Safeguard and Defence, resolved to seize ui)on and 
secure some of the Principal Persons concerned, and most active in the ill 
Management of the Illegal and Arbitrary Government set over them by Com- 
mission. Accordingly, upon the Eighteenth Day of April last past, arose as 
one Man, seized upon Sir Edmond Andros the late Governour, and other of 
the Evil Instruments, and have secured them for what Justice, Order from 
Your Majesty shall direct, exhibiting and publishing a Declaration, setting 
forth some of the General Grounds and Reasons provoking them to such an 
Action; which, though so unformed and entered upon under such disadvan- 
tages, yet by the good Providence of God was so over-ruled, by the interpos- 
ing and prudence of some Gentlemen upon the place, that the thing was 
effected without the least Bloodshed or plunder, for which we desire to pay 
our acknowledgments of praise unto the Soveraign ruler of all things. 



N 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 147 

And then Canit)ridge situation is so flat, that the River 
looks almost as much like a pond or lake, as like a River. 

** * The Declaration of the People is herewith emitted, to be humbly pre- 
sented unto your Majesties, the Demonstration and Proofs of the several 
Articles and Charges contained in the said Declaration, with other Informa- 
tions not itiferiour, will be prepariug to be offered in the season thereof. 

" * And now Dread Majesties, having given this brief Narrative of the 
present Circumstances of things amongst us, hoping for your Majesties Fa- 
vourable Interpretation, and Gracious Resentment of this people and of the 
Action ; bearing such Conformity to Methods which the English Nation had 
been driven to take for their Deliverance. 

** *We prostrate at Your Majesties* Feet, perswading our selves that we 
shall not be forgotten nor left without our share in the Universal liestoration 
of Charters and English liberties, which the whole Nation is at this day 
made happy withal, and for which we most humbly Supplicate, that under 
the shadow of Your Imperial Crown, we may again be made to flourish in the 
enjoyment of our Ancient Rights and Priviledges, being the sole encourage- 
ment unto our Fathers and Predecessors, at their own great Cost and Ex- 
pcuce to settle this Colony, to the Enlargement of the English Dominion, 
and so much for. the Glory of that Crown, we heartily Congratulate Your 
Majesties Happy Accession to the Throne, 

Praying for the Long and Prosperous 
Reign of Your Royal Majesties. 

Your MAJESTIES most Loyal 
Boston in New-England, aud Dutiful Subjects, 

May 20, 1689.' " S. Bradstreet. 

The second Address was as follows : — 

***To the KING and QUEEN's Most Excellent Majesties. The Humble 
Address and Petition of the Govemour^ Council^ and Convention of Repre- 
sentatives of the People of Your Majesties CoUony of the Massachusets, in 
New-England. 

** ''May it please Your Majesties^ 

** * We your Majesties poor and distressed Subjects of this Collony, late 
under the deep sence and burthen of sore Aggrievances, by an Illegal and 
Arbitrary Government set over us, were not a little rejoyced at the first Intel- 
ligence of the Heroic and Generous Undertaking of your Royal Highness, 
being Divinely inspired, so magnanimously to hazard your Royal Person for 
the Rescue and Deliverance of the English Nation from the Miseries of Popery 
and Arbitrary Government: which Undertaking through the Wonder-working 
Providence of Sion^s Saviour, has been so happily succeeded, as to bring in a 
general Restoration of Charters, and English Liberties, calling for all hearty 
Acknowledgments of Praise and Thanksgiving to Almighty God, and next 
to your Sacred Majesties, and will Eternize your Names in the Hearts of all 
true English-men. 

** < Your Majesties happy Accession to the Royal Throne, was most joyfully 



148 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

But the Revenues are the life of all: for what signefy 
good Rooms, without good Tutors, Books and Bread. 

Congratulated by your Subjects of this Collony and the Proclamations thereof 
here performed on the 29th of May last past, with all the Decency and So- 
lemnity the place is capable of affording, and all imaginable £xpi*essions of 
Joy. A brief Narrative of the Occurrences, and Revolution happening among 
us, is set forth in the Address of the President and Council, bearing date the 
20th day of 3/ay last; together with a Declaration of the People forwarded to 
be humbly presented to your Majesties. Since which Revolution no Orders 
arriving from your Majesties, relating to the Governing of this People, having 
waited several Weeks in expectation thereof; and finding an absolute neces- 
sity of Civil Government, the People generally manifested their earnest De- 
sires and Importunity once and again. That the Governor, Deputy- Governour 
and Assistants chosen and sworn in May 1686, according to Charter and 
Court as then formed, would assume the Government. 

** ' Upon consideration whereof, things being so circumstanced at that time, 
it was by them thought not safe or agreeable to our Charter Constitution, to 
fall under the full Exercise of Charter-Government ; but the said Governour, 
Deputy Governour, and Assistants then resident in the Colony, did consent 
to accept the Present Care and Government of this People,* according to the 
Rule of the Charter, for the conservation of the Peace and Common Safety ; 
and the putting forth further Acts of Authority upon Emergencies, until by 
direction from England there should be an orderly Settlement, wRich we hope 
will restore us to the full Exercise thereof as formerly, notwithstanding we 
have for some time been most unrighteously and injuriously deprived of it. 

** * The Royal Charter being the sole Inducement and Encouragement unto 
our Fathers and Predecessors to come over into the Wilderness, and to plant 
and settle the same at their own Cost and Charge: W^hich through the Bless- 
ing of God was a flourishing Plantation, enlarging your Majesties Dominion, 
to the Glory of the English Crown ; tho' since the alteration of that Govern- 
ment, greatly impoverished by the Oppressions and Hardships put upon us. 

»' * We in all humility prostrate at the Feet of your Royal Majesties, and 
supplicate your Majesties Grace in a favourable Interpretation and Resent- 
ment of the late Action of this People. And that we also, according to our 
undoubted Right, may be again fixed and setled in a full Confirmation of our 
Charter, Rights, and Priviledges; whereby, through the Blessing of God, and 
benign Influences of your Sacred Majesties, we hope to be an happy People. 

** * Imploring Heaven's Blessings upon the Heads and Hearts of your Royal 

Majesties, that you may have a long and prosperous Reign on Earth, and be 

translated to an Eternal Crown of Glory 

Your Majesties most Loyal and 

Dutiful Subjects, 

S. Bradstreet. 

Boston in New-England ^ In the name and behalf of 

June 6. 1689.' the Council and Convention, 

''London: Printed for Richard Baldwin, in the Old-Bailey. 1689.''— Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 149 

The next Lord's day after the Corronation, I heard a 
sermon at St. Marys. The Preacher seemed to be a 
person of sense, but not for King William. I am a lover 
of Musick to a fault; yet I was uneasy there: and the 
justling out the Institution of Singing Psalms by the 
organ, is that can never be answered to the great master 
of Religious ceremonies. Twere a kindness if he that 
stands up like Scare Crow to mock the Psalm, would spare 
his pains. We are here pretty well at quiet by land; 
but infested with Robers by sea. The inclosed gives 
you an account of the murder, or martirdom shall I say, 
of a verry worthy Minister, My Mothers cousin German ; 
and many Christians, men, women and children. I would 
intreat you to examin your Records for one Mr. John 
Blackston who is said to be a master of Arts in your uni- 
versity. Send me word if you find it so ; his CoUedge 
and years of taking his Degree, and whether one Rogers 
were not contemporary. You may look before the year 
1628, and need not look after. Said Blackston was the 
first Englishman that ever dwelt upon our Boston Penin- 
sula, which I am a little fond of. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRIDGET USHER. 

To Madam Bridget Usher j? Parker. 

Oct! 13, 1694. 

On the other side is Copy of my Letter sent you p 
Saunders, who, as we hear, is taken into France 7^ last. 
I received yours dated, as mine, June 5, 1694, Signifying 
your desire that I should pay your Money to Mr. Mason*s 
Correspondent ; Agreeable to which I paid Mr. Bromfield 
yesterday Twenty and Three pounds. Sixteen shillings 
and six pence, £23. 16. 6., as you may see by the balance 
of your Account, Copy of which is inclosed. There is 
somthing to be seen of the Repairs ; viz : new Pump, a 
new Floor in the Room next the street, Hearth and 



• 



150 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

mending the Bax^k &c. I set Peter Weare the most 
reasonable Labourer I know of, to work, when the Ten- 
ant calls, and take Bills under the Tenants hands of the 
Particulars. Near half a years Rent is now behind which 
will shortly be paid. I am glad of your direction for the 
disposal of your Money, and should be more glad if you 
would prevail with Mr. Bromfield to doe the remainder ; 
which is less. Why may we not with a little variation of 
the Gender, say, Frustra fit per plures, guod fieri potest per 
pauciores ? 

SAMUEL SEWALL IN ACCOUNT WITH BRIDGET USHER. 

Madam Bridget Usher. 

Boston, N. E., Ocbr. 13, 1694. 

1688. Dr. £ ,. d. 

Ap. 6. To Cash sent p Capt. Tanar in p? f 20 00 00 
June 21. To Repairs of the House ... 02 1 4 
168^, Feb. 1. To Cash paid mr. Edw. 

Bromfield J) order 12 10 00 

16|f , Feb. 9. To ditto paid Mrs. Mary 

Winthrop 04 00 00 

To five pounds sterling Money of England 

paid Mr. St. Mason 06 10 00 

1691, Nov^ 16. To Repairs 06 11 04 

1692, July. To 15£ English Money paid 

p Cousin Hull 19 10 00 

Aug? 13. To Repairs 02 14 00 

1693, Aug* 9. To profit and Loss for the 

Tax paid Sam? Bridge Collectf .... 02 12 00 

Octr To Cash paid on the Law-Suit ... 01 16 00 

169|, Feb. 10. To Repairs 02 04 06 

1694, Octr 12. To Cash paid Mr. Edw. 

Bromfield p order 23 16 06 

13. To my Allowance for Receiving the 

Rent and Returning it 05 00 00 

^109 05 08 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEW ALL. 151 

Boston, N. E., Ocbr. 13, 1694. 

1688. Contra, Cr. « •. a 
June 21. ) By Repairs ; the sev! Arti- 

169f , Feb. 10. S cles as p Dr. Side ... 16 03 02 

1688, June 21. By Cash of Rob? WUliams 05 19" 

Aug? 31. By ditto 04 00 00 

16H,Janr31. By ditto 08 00 00 

1691, Ap. 2. By Cash of the Revd. Mr. 

Sam? Phillips at Sundry times .... 20 00 00 

Nov' 16. By Cash of Rob? Williams . . 20 00 00 

169^, Feb. 10. By Bills of Credit of ditto 10 00 00 

A ' 1 5? I ^^ Cash of Robert Williams 

n ' 1 I *' ^ equal payments ..12 00 00 

169|, Feb. 10.) 

1693, May 17. > By Cash of said Williams . 06 10 00 
Aug? 9. J 

J^^f ' Jf;^- J?- 1 By ditto 06 13 06 

1694, May 21. 1 £109 05 08 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO STEPHEN MASON. 

To Mr. Stephen Mason ao Parker. 

Oct! 13, 1694. 

Sir, — At the desire of Madam Bridget Usher in hers 
of June 5 last, I yesterday paid for her Account into the 
hand of Mr. Edw. Bromfield your Correspondent, Twenty 
three pounds, Sixteen shillings and Six pence of our 
Money; which please to acquaint her with and deliver 
her the inclosed Letter and Account, &c. S. S. 



MEMORANDUM. 



To Cousin Hull, Novf 22, 1694, p the Mast-Ships, 
signifying what writt and sent p Robert Saunders's mis- 
carrying ship, as to myself and Mr. Whiting; Clark's 
Releases &c. 



152 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD (?) HULL. 

To Cousin JETuH, vid Antigua^ ^ Joseph Arnold. 

Jauuar. 14, 169|. 

I send these by way of Antigua to cover the inclosed 
Bill Exchange, that if it please God to send the Brigan- 
teen well to London, I may have a little Money in your 
hand. Twill be best to enquire, that may offer the Bill 
for Acceptance so soon as may be. I have laid down the 
Money here. Sixty pounds, and have no consideration for 
my Risq but the difference of Coin, Exchange here run- 
ing very high at this time. Send my wife a Pattern of 
Silk for a Gown. Entreat Cousin Brattle to buy it. 
Mother Hull has been very ill this winter and Fall. My 
Letter fell short by the Mast-Ships, and must now wait 
the next conveyance. If the Bill should not meet with 
Acceptance, you must Protest, &c. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD (?) HULL. 

To Coitsin nuU vid Barbados^ inclosing Jn"*. AmoW s first BiU. 

Jan! 22, 169^. 

These are to inclose a Bill of Exchange for £60. pounds 
sterling money of England. I paid down Sixty pounds 
here to the Drawer and am to receive sixty pounds in 
London upon the Arrival of the Briganteen. I have only 
the Exchange of the Money for my Adventure, Mf Arnold 
not being Willing to run the Risque of so much as he was 
concerned in the vessel. I send these under Covert of 
Mr. William Addams to Barbados, because we have none 
for London directly from hence, that will sail in any time. 
I hope you will have received Mr. Adams's Bill before 
these come to your hands. His Unkle to whom I paid 
the Money, has writt to him. For disposall of it when 
comes to hand, I refer you to mine of Octf 24, 1693. 
Only send me a Pattern of black Broad-Cloth of about 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 153 

15-8 p yard for Coat Jacket and Breeches with Trimming 
Buttons of Haire &c., to make it up. And Intreat Cousin 
Brattle to bye me a pattern of good silk to make my Wife 
a Gown. She has great Credit by that she bougt in 
pater noster row. I could be glad if Mf Stretton would 
buy for me DT Bownd of the Sabath. Df Wallis has 
lately published two pieces of that subject; they are 
stichd ; please to send them me. If this by Arnold and 
Adams come to your hand, buy more dowlace and other 
of the things mentioned. My Mother Hull has had a very 
Sick Time this Winter : We are now in health through 
the Patience and Goodness of God. Wishing these well 
to your hands, I take leave who am, 

Sir, your frind and Kinsman 

Sam^ Sewall. 



8AMUEL sewall TO WILLIAM (?) ADAMS. 

To M: Adams, 

Jannary 25, 169|. 

Though the Bill you forwarded to London on my ac- 
count were but small, yet the failing of it, has been a 
great disappoyntment to me. I hope you have taken 
such care since that time, that my now putting you in 
minde will serve only for your commendation. I hear 
nothing of Mf Williams. There have been several Crops 
since you spake to him. If there be nee^ put him in 
mind of an example in his grammer, viz: Ne^i trnvtud ces- 
saiory ut calcaribus indigea^. The inclosed letter to Mf Hull 
contains a Bill of Exchange, which please therefore to 
forward by the first good Conveyance. We have none 
like to sail from hence to London these several months. 
We hear the bad news of 4 or 5 vessels sailing from your 
Island towards our coast, that are taken by a French Pri- 
vateer. Wishing these safe to your hands, I take leave 

who am Sir, your friend and servant 

Samuel Sewall. 



154 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMLTSL SEWALL TO JOHN KEECH. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr. Johth Keech at Antigua, 

Ap. 11, 1695. 

Sir, — You have inclosed my letter of Atumey, the 
Bill of lading, Mr. Barn's Letters and account. I desire 
and order you to demand and receive the Effects due, for 
me. I have not received one farthing ; though tis near 
seven years ago. 

When you have received the Effects, send them to Mr. 

Edward Hull at the Hat in Hand within Algate, for my 

Account: or else send them to Boston in good sugar; 

which shall seem the most probable for my profit Wish- 

mg you success in your Voyage and Negotiation, I take 

leave, who am. Sir, 

Your friend and serv^ S. S. 

By Cap. Walter [Zyle?'] 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS BURBANK. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr, Thomas BurharJc of Rumsey in the 

I[r of England. 

Boston, N. E., July 22, 1695. 

Sir, — Yours of the 22*? of January last, came to my 
hand in May by the Swan, Cap* David Robertson Com- 
mander, From on Board of whom I also received a Pack 
of Serges and Stockings for your Account. I have yet 
sold very little. Shall do the best I can for you. * They 
who have lookd on the goods Say they are charged very 
high. Our going into Mourning for publick persons is a 
new thing, and followed but by a very few ; And what 
was, was over before the Receipt of yours ; yet against 
Winter, hope to sell them. We are here Wearied and 
wasted with a tedious War. The Lord Command Deliv- 
erances for us. Sir, your friend. 

Sam. Sewall. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 155 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO BURBANK. 

To Mr. Burbank the Son, at Rumsey, 

July 22, 1695. 

Sir, — I am much obliged by yours of 24*?* of Novf 1690. 
I sent you my thankfull Acknowledgments but they being 
miscaried, went to France. However having sent them 
upon my own Account and Risque, my Debt still remains, 
which I now come to pay. I was at Oxford in Company 
of Mr. Mather, the worthy President of New England 
Colledge. We were favored by Dr. Gilbert, and Mr. 
Danson of Abbingdon, with a sight of the Colledges, 
Halls, Schools, Theatre. At new Colledge, and indeed 
everywhere, we met with a very candid Reception. One 
of the great things wherein Oxford seems to excell Cam- 
bridge, is the publicke Library. And then Cambridge 
Situation is so flat, that the River looks almost as much 
like a Pond or Lake, as like a River. The next Sabbath 
day after the Coronation, I heard a Sennon at S? Mary's. 
I am a lover of Musick to a fault, yet I was uneasy there ; 
and the justling out of the Institution of Singing Psalms, 
by the boisterous Organ, is that which can never be jus- 
tified before the great master of Religious Ceremonies. 
We are grievously oppressed by our French and pagan 
Enemies, by Land and Sea; our Blood and Estates are 
running out apace. As several Captives escaped inform 
us, Our heads are set at a certain Rate by the Govf of 
Quebeck, as foreskins of the Philistins were of old. God 
will in his time Confound all the worshipers of graven 
Images. I would intreat you to examine the Records for 
one Mr. John Blackston ^ who is said to have been a Master 
of Arts in your University. Send me word if it be so, 
his Coledge and years of taking his Degree ; and whether 
one Rogers were not Contemporary. You may search 

^ Here, as before and afterwards, Sewall mistakes the Christian name of 
the first settler of Boston, who was William Blackston. — Eds. 



156 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

upward from the year 1628. and need not go lower. Said 
Blackston was the first Englishman that ever inhabited 
our Boston Peninsula; which I am a little fond of. If 
there is any Charge, I will reimburse you. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Cousin JEdvs. SuU ft Mr, Qilbert, 

July 22, 1G95. 

Mother Hull is dead. Mr. Arnold's Briganteen is taken, 
and so the Money lost as to me. Send no broad Alamode. 
Anthony Heywood is in Salley.^ Money to be collected 
is to be put into my hand with orders [from] me to remit 
to you. To help to recover him will be a good work. 
Mr. Benj- Colman^ is a good Scholar and Preacher. To 
shew him kindness will receive a reward from God, and 
oblige S. S. 

Shall send you a small Remembrance of Mother Hull p 
Mr. Sergeant. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN STORKE. 

To Cousin Storke ^ OilberL 

July 22, 1695. 

Have received your Goods p Robertson; Sold some; 
give you a fuller Account by the mast ships. Let Mr. 
Goldwire have 20* out of my Rent to buy him and Mrs. 
Gold wire a p Gloves. Tell friends in Stoke we are well. 
Mother Hull is dead. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN LEVERETT. 
To Mr. John Zeverettj Fellow of Harvard CoUedge in Cambridge. 

Sir, — Duning is heterogeneous to my Temper, and 
therefore would not have it expected of me. I ow Money, 



^ Sallde, a town on the sea-coast of Morocco, about two hundred miles 
southwest of Gibraltar. — Eds. 

^ Benjamin Colman, afterwards Dr. Colman, pastor of Brattle Street 
Church in Boston, embarked for England in July, 1695, but was captured by 
a prirateer, and kept some time a prisoner in France. He may have carried 
with him the original of which the letter in the text is a copy. — £db. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 157 

and must receive in order to pay. The last of your Bonds 
became due the 20^?" of October last. I want you to ad- 
just the Balance, and hope you will at the same time clear 
the score. Your Tenement flourishes, and I am of Opin- 
ion will not be convenient to delay any longer upon the 
prospect of a fitter Season. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Octr 29, 1695. To Cousin E. H. p Mr. Dudley, who 
goes in Maintrue, inclosing the Legatees of Milford, 
their Releases,^ Mr. Whitings Letter, and Mr. Clark's to 
me, together with the Note how they would have the 
Money laid out. 

Oct^ 30. To Mr. Ive p Eldridge, inclosing a Bill of Ex- 
change and Letter of Advice for 143. sterling money of 
England, drawn p Capt. Andrew Belcher: is for 200£ 
paid him here by me for Thomas Thacher of Yarmouth 
and James Bull. If dy before or any other way make their 
escape ; than [then] to be improvd for the Redemption of 
some other, as shall receive Direction and order from me, 
or any else whom the Govf and Council shall apoint, by 
whose Brief the Money was Collected. Give me advice 
of Receipt of these, and what probability there is of 
Redemption. 

Ocbf 30. To Cousin Hull p Eldridge, inclosing a Bill 
of Lading for One Hundred pounds N. E. Money, shipd 
on the Unity Capt. Edm? Clark Commander, which is of 
the Captive Money for Redemption of Anthony Hey wood ; 
except he dy before &c. as to Mr. Ive. Received the 
Trunks, Thanks. Doubt by reason of the miscarriage of 
the Briganteen, shall fall in your debt, which shall dis- 
charge. Send an account. Have sent the Releases of 

• 

^ Since ^ Mr. Eein in St. Joseph. 



158 LETtER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Mr. Clark's children p Mr. Kein, in the St. Joseph. My 
dear Mother Hull died suddenly June 22, 1695. Have 
sent three Rings ; one for yourself, the other for cousin 
Brattle and cousin AUin, of which crave Acceptance in 
Remembrance of so vertuous a Relation. 

Nov. 4. To Mr. Jn? Ive, <p Feray, with a 2^ Bill of Ex- 
change and Letter of Advice &c., as of Ocbf 30^*^ 

Nov. 4*? 1695. To Cousin Hull p Feray, with a 2^ Bill 
of Lading for a Hundred Pounds ship'd on the Unity, 
Capt. Edm^ Clark Commander, for Redemption of Anthony 
Heywood &c., as of Ocbf 30'?*, p Eldridge. 



. SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL BELLINGHAM. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr, Sam\ BeUingham ^ Th. Maccarty. 

xr. 23, 1695. 

Sir, — Though I caiiot pretend to any personal Ac- 
quaintance, yet I find by several Letters, that there was 
a Correspondence between yourself and my late honoured 
Father-in-Law Capt. John Hull ; and perhaps my Father, 
Mr. Henry Sewall of Newbury is not unknown to you. 
I am glad to hear of your return to your native Land 
again, and of the change of Affairs in England that en- 
couraged you so to doe. As to your Lands in this coun- 
try, I am informd you have conveyd them to Feoffees in 
Trust for the use of Madam BeUingham. Now by the 
purchase of my forementioned father-in-Law, the house 
and Ground that formerly belonged to the right Reverend 
Mr. John Cotton, is become mine and you have a small 
piece lying above it, cut off from all communication with 
the Street, that I know of : It is in quantity about half 
an Acre, of which I ask the Refusal, if you or they in 
whose power it may be, see cause to sell.^ It butts north- 

• 

1 See note page 100. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 159 

erly and Easterly upon my Land. It seems my worthy 
Kinsman, Mr. Hull, is one of the Feoffees, whereby I am 
the more easily drawn to make this motion to you. 

Wishing your self. Madam Bellingham, and your 
Daughter all kind of hapiness, I take leave, who am, 

Sir, &c. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

Copy of a Letter to C, [ Coushi\ E, HuU ^ Thaddeus Maccarty. 

xr. 24, 1695. 

I understand my Letters p Gilbert are carried into 
France. Hope my Rings to your self, cousin Brattle and 
Allen, in remembrance of my dear Mother Hull who dyed 
June 22, 1695, will goe safe. Sent them p Mr. Kein in 
the S^ Joseph, as also the Releases of Mr. Clark's children. 
I have received the Trunk p Capt. White in the Johnson. 
I fear the miscarriage of the Briganteen will cause me to 
fall in your debt. Have a piece of Plate by me, which I 
design for you, which will discharge it, and make some 
Credit for me : but our ships are so generally taken, that 
I am afraid to send it yet. I understand you are one of 
the Feoffees in Trust, to whom Mr. Bellingham has- con- 
veyed his Lands here, for the use of Madam Bellingham 
his present wife. Now there is a small piece of it lies 
above me, at Cotton Hill in Boston, where I have two 
Tenements and am willing to purchase it for some en- 
largment to them. Tis of very little use to Mr. Belling- 
ham, as it lies, being hemd in round with other mens 
Land, and no way to it that I know of. Mr. Sam! Lynde 
and Mr. Newgate went with me yesterday and viewd it.^ 

1 The reference to this piece of land which Sewall together with Lynde 
and Xewgate went to view is worth noting, as evidence that Sewall did not 
reside, as has been commonly supposed, on Cotton Hill in a house formerly 
belonging to his father-in-law, John Hull. If Sewall had actually lived on 
Cotton Hill he would hardly have written to his Cousin Hull, that as a pro- 
spective purchaser for the strip of land, which would have been so close to 
his estate, ^^he went and viewd it." In a communication from Dr. Estes 



160 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Mr. Lynde is Mr. Newgate's Brother in Law, and has 
Land thereabouts, and he said that twenty pounds in N. E. 
money was full as much as twas worth; yet because it 
lies more convenient for me, than for any other person, I 
would give five and twenty pounds for it rather than it 
should be sold to another : Though I supose if they whose 
it is, be minded to sell it, they will take twenty pounds 
for it. What you shall do for me, either in disbursing 
Money in London, or in ordering Money to be paid here, 
it shall certainly be comply 'd with. I have copyed out 
my Letter at large for that purpose. " S. S. 

bounded the Land northerly Sewall ; Easterly part S. 
and part First Church ; South Davie ; west now, or lately 
Wing. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD flULL. 

Boston, New England. 

CousiNT Hull, — If you can, purchase the Land for 
money to be paid here, though you give thirty pounds : 
If not, give. twenty or five and twenty pounds of Enghsh 
Money rather than fail ; and I will pay you principal and 
Interest, and thankfully acknowledge your pains herein, 
as witness my hand this four and twentieth of December 
1695. Sam. Sewall. 

memoranda of letters. 

To Mr. Thomas Burbank p Maccarty, xr. 25, 1695. 
Cafiot put off your Serges as yet ; have used many ways 
though the Success be not answerable. 

Entreat your Son to search for Mr. Blackston, &c. 

Howe of Cambridge, published in the Mass. Hist. Soc. Proceed, for November, 
1884, the writer expresses the opinion, derived from the evidence contained 
in Sewairs Diary, that the old homestead in which Sewall lived, and his 
father-in-law Htdl before him, was situated on the easterly side of what is 
now Washington Street near the corner of Summer Street. The Editors 
after a careful study of this communication are persuaded that the conclu- 
sion therein contained, althoujjh differing from that which was reached by 
the Editors of the Diary, is undoubtedly correct. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 161 

To Cousin Storke p Maccarty, xr. 25, 1695. Have sold 
good part of your Goods p Robertson and shall endeavour 
to sell the rest and send you an account. Let Mr. Gold- 
wire have 20? out of my Rent, to buy Him and Mrs. Gold- 
wire a pair of Gloves. Send word if Unkle R. Dumer 
made a will or no. 

Apr. 23, 1695. To Mr. Ive in Mr. Henry Hill p way 
of Holland, inclosing a 3^ Bill of Exchange and Letter of 
Advice for the £143. drawn p Capt. Belchar, as p Eldridge, 
8r 30*? If you can procure a share in the King's Bounty 
for both or for James Bull who seems to have saild more 
in the quality of an English than N. Englishman ; twould 
be very agreeable and acknowledged with all humble 
Thankf ullness : Had said before that married a wife in 
Bristow great Britain, &c. I send these at the desire of 
Mr. Gee, who takes them of me. 

To Mr. Jno. Leverett, May 5*^*", 1696. Sir, Let me speak 
with you to morrow at ten of the clock in the morning ; 
or on the fifth day at the same hour, at the house of. Sir, 
your friend 

Sam. Sewall. 

samuel sewall to charles blinco. 

To Charla Blinco at Jamaica^ by PuUin. 

Boston, N. E., May 5, 1696. 

Tis a great while since your going off from hence, in 
all which time I do not remember to have beared any 
thing from you except by Mf Bannister. I have now 
sent you your Account drawn out as it stands in the 
Leger. Your morgage bears date the 28 of April, 1684, 
and is for One Hundred and twenty four pounds £124, 
to be paid by the 25 of March, 1688. I was forcd at last 
to enter into the Tenement, by reason of your absence 
and failure of compliance according to your Deed. In 

▼OL. I. — 11. 



162 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

stating of the Account, I have not given you any Credit 
for the Rent of the House since I have been possessed of 
it, because the Interest of my Money at 5 p cent, would 
have been more advantage to me than all that I have re- 
ceived for Rent. It was so out of Credit and demand at 
first, that I was fain upon that score, as well as to do them 
a kindness, to let the Three Sisters, French Ladies to live 
there gratis for some years. There is much more Ex- 
pended in ^Repairs than I have noted ; and I must be at 
more charge to dig a well, or else I can have no quiet ; 
and the frequent Taxes lessen the income, halfe lying on 
the Land-Lord. However, I am desireous of coming to 
some Issue, and in order to it, I make you this proposal ; 
either to pay me one Hundred pounds currant Money of 
New England Within these 12 Months ; or else to take of 
me Twenty pounds in Jamaica, and so make a firm Re- 
lease of the Tenement to me. If you see cause to pay 
me the £100, I shall readily cancell the Mortgage and 
take it off the Record ; for the Money at this time will be 
of more stead to me than the House. I send these by 
Mr. Pullin whom you may speak with about this affair. 
And I shall need to write no more, save that I am your 

friend, 

Sam. Sewall. 

SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN PULLIN. 

Copy of(m Order to M: John PtcUin noto hound for Jamaicct. 

May 5, 1696. 

Mb. Pullin. 

If Charles Blinco late of Boston in New England Mason, 
now resident in Jamaica, should accept of a proposal I 
have made him of takeing twenty pounds in Jamaica, and 
making me a Release of his House and ground in said 
Boston, Pay him that Sum, and draw Bills of Exchange on 
me for the same at twenty p cent for the twenty pounds, 
and they shall be duely honoured. The Land lies in the 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 163 

Street leading from Roxbury Street towards Gills Wharf, 
contains about Sixty foot in the front next the Street and 
runs backward about one hundred and Thirteen foot. On 
the North and East tis bounded by land lately belonging 
to Edward Wright, on the West by Land belonging to me. 
Mr. Blinco mortgaged this Land to me upon the 28 of 
April, 1684, for one Hundred and twenty four Pounds to 
be paid by the 25 of March 1688, Which is no ways com- 
plyed with ; yet if he will pay me One Hundred pound 
Currant Money of New England within twelve Moneths I 
will cancell the Mortgage and take it off the Record ; for 
you know I have no need of old Houses. If He chuse 
rather to take Twenty Pounds there, and make me a Re- 
lease, get [one ?] drawn by a known Scrivener and pay 
him the Money as above. I am in possession. I have 
sent him his Account, wherein you will see his debt and 

Credit stated. 

Sam. Sewall. 

suggestion for a commencement part. 

June, 8, 1696. Writ to Mr. Increase Mather President, 
to desire that one of the Masters might hold the following 
Question at the next Commencement. 

Res AnUchristiana in America, est Euphrates ilia Apocalffpti" 
ens, in quern Angelas Sextns effundil PMalam Suam ? 

Affirmat Respondens. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS BURBANK. 

By the Bedford OaUy Cap^ West Commander. A Copy of a letter 

to Mr. Tho. Burbank. 

July 31, 1696. 

The above written is Copy of what I writt you p Cap? 
Gilbert which I seconded by Maccarty, who we fear, is 
foundred. Your Serges are not vendible here; nor the 
Stockings, answerable to what they are charged at in the 



164 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Invoice. I have usd the best means I could to put off 
the Serges by putting some to a storehouse to be sold with 
other goods. Another piece sent to Ipswich to an ingen- 
ious and faithfuU Shopkeeper there, and yet for all this 
cannot yet get them off. I am sorry your Essay should 
meet with so ill success. I am obligd to MT Burbank your 
Son for his of the 24 of NovT, 1690. I have sent two 
Letters at least in answer; but both miscarried. Pray 
sir, please to give him my Thanks. I would in treat him 
to examin the University reccords of Oxford for one Mr. 
John Blackston who is said to have proceeded Master 
there. I would fain know if it be so ; his Colledge and 
year of taking his Degree ; and whether one Rogers were 
not his contemporary. May search upward from the year 
1628, and need not go lower. The said Blackston was 
the first Christian and Englishman that ever inhabited our 
Boston peninsula, which I am a little fond of. If there 
be any charge, I will reimburse it with Thanks. 

I am Sir, your friend, 

Sam. Sewall. 

« 

SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN STORKE. 

A Copy of a letter to M\ John Storke^ by Bedford OaUy, 

July 31, 1696. 

Sir, — I received your goods p the Swan Cap^ David 
Robertson Commander, of which I advisd you p Cap? 
Gilbert and Maccarty, both which I suppose was lost, and 
tis feared the last foundred, though his freinds here a 
little entertain themselves with hope, by reason of a 
Rumor of his being at Caddiz. Your Serges are not ven- 
dible here. I do the best I can, and shall give you an 
Account of all shortly. Am glad to hear that Mr. Gold- 
wire is at Rumsey, for the sake of the people, that is : 
and wish that it may be fore his own Advantage. Let 
him have twenty Shillings out of my small Rents to buy 
himself and Mrs. Goldwire a pair of Gloves with my 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 165 

service. Yours of the Third of May is by me. I sent 
the best discharges I could as to Cornishes business, but 
it seems all miscarried. You will be in no danger from 
hence. Upon the 9 Instant I received of my Brother 
Cap? Stephen Sewall of Salem, Eight pounds eighteen 
Shillings; for which please to make me Dr. £8: 18: 0. 
You have put me into Mourning by telling me of the 
Death of my Unkles, both deservidly dear to me, and I 
hope loved of God. I fear it may be justly said of the 
Elder who died last, that much of that presence of God 
that was left at poor Bp. Stoke is with him gone away. 
The Good Lord double his spirit upon some Survivors, 
and let me and the place of my Nativity be under the 
Influences of his special saving Grace. Four persons 
were killd the last Lords day, as were going from the 
Worship of God at Dover which lies up Pascataway River 
about 1 J dayes journey from hence. Two lost, and three 
dangerously wounded. We hear of nothing but Rumors 
of War and Slaughter against us both by sea and Land. 
I hope the Shepherd of Israel will rescue this his little 
flock out of the mouths of the Lion and cruel Bear, which 
gape upon it to devour it. The newport Galley was 
lately taken by two French men of War. Bread is scarce, 
Wheat at 8* p Bushel, p reason of the Indian Corn being 
killd p the Frost last year. Indian Com is our chief stay, 
being the most natural product of the climate and used to 
be at two Shillings the Bushel, 2 : 6? a round price, and 
now hardly to be had for five or 5: 6? Persons make 
Bread already of their new Barly, which is early, consid- 
ering the wetness and Coldness of the Sumer. The Eng- 
lish Harvest is promising ; though much Rie blasted and 
good for nothing; and a strange plague of flyes spoiles 
almost all our Pease ; it breeds in them and at last flyes 
away. A young Woman with Child longd for green peese 
with some regrett from the conceit of the Bugg, though 
tis then in the seed and hardly discernable. Her Child 



166 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

had a Pea in the forhead, circumstanced as a Buggy Pea 

uses to be, which was carefully watchd by the Grand 

Father, Mr. Zacheriah Walker, a worthy Minister of my 

acquaintance, which told it me, and one morning found it 

empty as the Pea uses to be when the Bugg is fled. One 

person and several sheep (9 or 11 in on [one] place at 

Newbury) and several other Cattel killd by Lightning 

this 20 Instant and hurt done to houses, at places near 

100 miles distant. 

Sam. Sewall. 

SAMUEL sewall TO EDWARD (?) HULL. 

To CouHn Hull ^ Ship Sope^ Aaron Everton master^ in Paacataway 

Itiver, 

Boston, N. E., Sep. 11, 1696. 

The above written contains the direction for the laying 
out the Clarks Money by Mf Whiting, The discharges for 
which it seems you have received : And I am surprised 
that this Order was wanting and know not how it came 
about. I find it Copied out in my Letter Book, from 
whence I now took it. Please to receive and lay out the 
Money accordingly ; or let M' Whitings Son do it, and you 
give him the discharges. Let the goods be Consigned to 
me for them, and sent by the Mast Ships, or other Con- 
veyance equally Safe with that. The matter has hung 
long in hand, I would fain see an end of it, This last dis- 
appointment being more irksome than the former, the 
Cause of it not being knowne. You must imburse your 
selfe for any charge you may be at. 

, Sir, your Humble Serv^ 

Sam. Sewall. 

memorandum. 

An account of the kind of goods that we who are con- 
cerned in the Legacy desire to have it paid in : Item ; 40 
Brass Candlesticks of a middle Cize — Item j 30 Dozen of 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 167 

Ockimy Spoons. Item; the remainder to be halfe in 
Pewter, and the other halfe in Brass, and the biggest 
Kettles not above 20 or 24 Gallons: and the biggest Pewter 
platter not exceed above 18 Inches over ; and a conven- 
ient number of Basons and Porringers. 



DEPOSITION OP MARY ALLEN. 
A Copy of two Depositions to be sent to Hartford. 

Massachusetts ss. 

Mary Allen, aged 27 Years, testifieth and saith that 
some time about the end of the Sumer 1695; she this 
Deponent being at the Shop of Mr. Thomas Banister in 
Boston, there was one Lewis who desired said Banister 
to Trust him : said Bannister's answer was, Pay the old 
debt first before you run of a new. Lewis said ; If you 
trust me now, It will put me in a way to pay for that, 
and this too, in a little time. This Deponent asked said 
Banister how much the debt was ; said Bannister answered, 
in the hearing of said Lewis, Upward of Fifty pounds. At 
which said Lewis blushed but made no reply. 

Sixth-day, Septf 25, 1696. 

Signd and Sworn. Mary Ellen. 

S. S. 

DEPOSITION OP HANNAH COWELL. 

Massachusetts ss. 

Hannah Co well, Widow, aged 55 Years, testifieth and 
saith that sometime about the end of the Sumer 1695, 
one Lewis cheapned Goods of her and agreed with her 
upon the price, and [she] accordingly laid them by for 
him ; viz : Several pieces of Serge, StuflE and Scotch-Cloth, 
to the value of about Thirty pounds, expecting to be paid 
ready money for them. A little after, her Daughter Mary 
Allen, seeing the Goods ly on the Counter, asked who 
they were for. This Deponent told her they were for 



168 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

one Lewis; upon which her daughter said; Dont Trust 
him, Mother, for he ows Mr. Banister Fifty pounds. Said 
Lewis, coming into the Shop a while after, asked this De- 
ponent, if she had taken an Account of the Goods. This 
Deponent told him She could not trust ; being a Woman 
[she] was not able to ride up and down to get in debts ; 
and that he owed Mr. Banister Fifty pounds. To which 
said Lewis answered. For all what I owe Mr. Banister he 
would Trust me Thirty pounds more, if I would take it. 
This Deponent bid him go thether then, and refused to 
let him have any of the Goods bargained for, as is before 
said. 

Sixth day, SeptT 25, 1696. Signd and Sworn, before 
me, S. S. J. 

MEMORANDUM. 

Sept' 22, 1696. Writt a Letter of Condolance to Cousin 
Nathan. Dumer at Compton, p the Bedford Gaily, Capt. 

West. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr, John Ive^ ^ Bant and $ the Bedford GaXLey^ 
Capt, West; Mrs, Thacher^s inclosed in the Galley^ s. 

Sir, — Yours of January, and 18^ Feb. are before me, 
wherein you advise of Credit given upon Capt. Belchar's 
Bills of Exchange for Thomas Thacher of Yarmouth, and 
James Bull late of Boston N. E., last of Bristow in the 
Kingdome of England. Mr. Gee tells me he sent Money, 
or took particular order for the £4. 10. 0. for Thomas 
Thacher, his Brother in Law. However, the £143: 0: 0. 
was to be in equal Shares, and none of the £4. 10. 0. must 
be taken out of James Bull's part. I have laid your Mo- 
tion of Remitting them some money for their relief, before 
the Lt. Govemour and Council ; and am ordered to leave 
it to your Discretion, to remit them such part of it as you 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 169 

shall see meet. Their Friends here urged it the rather, 
because they are Informd that some, by the helpe of 
Money, have made their escape, who despaired of ever 
being Redeemed. It seems the Moors will venture hard 
for a Reward in forwarding them in such enterprises. 
The Publick Money in my hand is almost out. There 
remains about Thirty three Pounds a piece ; Sixty Six 
Pounds N. E. Money for them both, which you may 
Credit them for, and draw upon me ; or I will Remitt it 
to you, as shall be most Convenient. I hope Halsey will 
bethink himself and not persist in his Ingratitude. Our 
Enemies press hard upon us, have lately taken the New- 
port Galley, and, by the Dread of their Bombs, frighted 
our men out of Pemaquid Fort. Our Husbandmen got 
their Bread in the perril of their Lives, by reason of the 
Sword of the Wilderness. Every now and then we hear 
of some slain here and there. Please to favour me with 
a Letter. 

Sir, your friend and humble servant, 

Sam. Sewall. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

Ccypy of a Letter to Jfr Edward SuU^ ^ the JTope^ Capt. Everden. 

Sep. 24. 1696. 

Sir, — Inclosed is a Bill of Lading for Two Tuns and 
fifteen hundred of Logwood, Shipped on the Hope, Aaron 
Everden Coinander. It should have been Three Tuns, 
but [there] was some mistake in those that weighed it 
here or [at] Pascataqua. Twas weighed in general for 
several persons Account. Some Six Tuns; some Three 
Tuns. If it should hold out, mine must be made up Three 
Tuns. I know not exactly what my debt is, [but] if the 
Money hold out, send me One Cask of Ten peny Nailes, 
two Casks of Eight peny, two firkins of Six peny and two 
firkins of four peny Nailes. Let them be of good Iron, 



170 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

and well made. Let me have your account and I will 
take effectual care to balance it. 

Sent a Copy of the above said, with a Second Bill of 
Lading, p Capt. Bant. 



DEPOSITION OF EDWARD DURANT. 
Copy of a Deposition to he sent to Hartford. 

Edward Durant, aged fourty years, testifieth and saith, 
that sometime in the latter end of the Sumer 1695, One 
Thousand, six Hundred, ninety and five, James Lewis of 
Farmington, being at the house of this deponent in Boston, 
this deponent told said Lewis, " I have heard Mr. Banister 
say you ow him a great deal of Money. Why doe you 
not pay him ? " Said Lewis answered, he had paid Mr. 
Banister fifteen pounds in Money, and had sent him said 
Banister two or three Barrels of Porke, which near bal- 
anced the account ; there was no great difference between 

them. And further saith not. 

Edward Durant. 
Sixth-day, Septf 25, 1696. 

Signed and sworn before me 

Sam"; Sewall, J. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRIDGET USHER. 

Copy of a Letter to Madam Bridget Ushers ^ Mr, Cooper y with the 

Lives and JE^istles. 

Septt 28, 1696. 

These are to let you know that I have Five and Twenty 
pounds, ten shillings of your Money in my hand, for the 
disposal of which, I want your order. The Times are so 
hazerdous, I am loth to do it without, for fear of miscar- 
riage ; and Bills of Exchange can't be procured but upon 
very hard terms. What you please to have done, shall 
be comphed with ; or if you see meet to draw on me, your 
Bills shall be duely Honoured, not exceeding Thirty pounds. 



LETTEB-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 171 

Tour Tenant, the widow Margery Williams, is favoured 
with her sons being continued in her Husbands ofl&ce, and 
they pay their Rent well. But that it is but little, and 
Taxes and Repaires diminish that little. We are all well. 
My Wife had a very hard Travail the last May, of her 
thirteenth Child; by which meanes our son, though at 
his full Time, was still bom. 

Cousen^Edmund Quinsey^ is a Sophimore at Cambridge. 
Mrs. Batter's Eldest daughter is married to Mr. Emerson, 
a young Minister, son of Mr. Emerson of Cape-Anne. Mr. 
Richardson is dead and Mr. Christopher Tappin, a young 
Newbury Scholar, is ordained in his stead. I intend to 
send this by Mr. Cooper with a small Book, of which I 
crave your acceptance in remembrance of my Dear Mother 
Hull, for whoes Loss I am still mourning and that justly. 
My service to Mr. Mince. Our Enemies press upon us 
hard. Twenty persons have been lately killed and carried 
away in several places by surprizals. 

Madam, your friend and humble Servant, 

Sam. Sewall. 

memorandum. 

• 

Octf 13, 1696, writt to Capt. John Bishop, p Mr. Shep- 
ard, to quicken Mr. W? Loveridge, of Amboy, in East- 
Jersy, to pay his debt. Capt. Bishop is of Woodbridge, 
a bordering Town. [I] desired him to send me a Letter 
p the Post, what he found, and to advise me what I had 
best to doe. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. EDWARD TAYLOR. 

A Copy of a Letter to Mr. Edward Taylor of Weatfidd. 

Boston, N. E., October 28, 1696. 

Rev? Sir, — You have gratified me with your Opposi- 
tion ; and now I come to offer at supplying the place of a 

^ Edmund Quincy, H. U. 1699, afterwards a Justice of the Superior Court 
of Judicature, and the ancestor of the distinguished Boston family of this 
name. He died in 1738. — Eds. 



172 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Respondent. I presume you have a coppy of your Argu- 
ments by you, and therefore I shall not need to repeat 
them. Only for an Exordium^ let me transcribe a few 
words out of Generous Mead's Epistle. 

AUerum est quod te Rogemj ut ne Singula rigidd nimis censurd 
jEstimeSy iUud pro certo luihem^ nid in hiace ialibus Uberius paulo 
aeniiendi iFno et errandi venia co?icedatu?'y adprofunda ilia et 
kUeniia veritaiis adyta viam nunquam patef actum iri. 

1. A speciaU ad generate) Resp : Certainly the cutting 
off the Mexican Waters from the Antichristian State, is 
a special concern very distinguishable from the English, 
Scottish or Irish Waters. You know how nearly related 
Spain is ; and the King of Spain calls America his Wife. 
Moreover the vialls have a mutual coincidency in their 
effect on the Beast. But their be some critical Passages 
and Periods, wherein each of them is especially observable. 
A man has many diseases upon him at once : and yet 
sometimes one, and sometimes another, in a sorrowfuU 
vicissitude, do more remarkably impair him. I conjecture 
that the first Vial was powered out by Wickleff and Com- 
pany; yet for all that, every sort of Anticristian Weal 
might suffer some diminution at that time. But the de- 
nomination is from the prevailent part. And the First 
Vial runs on still, till the Second fall into it ; et sic de incejXSj 
untill by the confluence of them all, Anticrist be ingulphed 
in utter Ruine. 

2. Ab Hamioma Apocaliptica) Resp : Exactly to set forth 
the distinct time and work of the Apocaliptical Visions, is 
a very arduous Undertaking. Many times in an intricat 
way, after many wandrings, or doubtf uU, going right ; tis 
but at here and there a Pond or noted mountain that a 
Travailer is confident he is in the right. I incline to those 
who make the Seals to visit the Pagan; Trumpets the 
Christian ; and Vials, the Anticristian World. However, 
the Sixth Trumpet doth not loose Euphrates; but the 
Four Angels bound at it. So that Euphrates is there 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 173 

taken Litterally. And though holy, learned, and Eagle 
Eyd Mr. Brightman do expound it so in the 16[th] Chap., 
yet I suppose you do not therein follow him. At the 
Time of the first Sounding for the Sixth Trumpet^ the 
Turks were very significantly described by Euphrates. 
But now the Seat of their imperial Grandeur is far enough 
distant from that River ; yea is Eodra Asiatn : and Nilus, 
Danubius or the Bosphorus Would more readily lead us 
to them. As you would have it, the Vial must Undoe 
what the Trumpet had done ; in which Sound I can not 
perceive any harmony. Neither is it agreeable to the 
Text which makes the Vials to inflict New, and not re- 
move old Plagues. 

3. This sence confounds the Objects of the Vials] Besp^. 
vt ad 1? 

4. Pf'oprium qua^io modo) Resp : The Romans boast that 
they have gained more in the New World, then they have 
lost in the Old ; so that if the Mexican interest be not an 
Essential part, yet it is a part very nobly integral. And 
Babylon can be without Euphrates ; for after the drying 
of it up, she is said to come in remembrance. Nor must 
Mystical Allusions be imagined to hold throwout. Tis 
enough that at the time of this Vial, America brooks this 
Relation. And if this Argument be followd, twill sooner 
Exclude your Turk than my Mexican. [Sol. in margin.] 
Resp : The third Angel is not said to have affected all the 
Rivers : and the f uUfillment seems to prove the contrary. 
Neither is it said that the smitten Rivers were turned into 
blood : hMifadm est sanguis ; and by that means the Rivers 
and fountains became bloudy. Now there is a plain differ- 
ence between makeing some of the Rivers and fountains 
bloudy ; and drying up the great River, as Hezekiah stopt 
the Waters of the fountains, 2 Chron. 32, 3, 4. 

5. The Ruine of the Turk is intended ; the American 
sence must stand aside 1. metaphorized by a River) Resp: 
The Inhabitants of so long and large a Continent are very 



174 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

fitly couched under the Notion of a River. And all the 
Vials, even every one of these last Plagues, light upon the 
papal Kingdome directly : The Revelation knows no other 
Antichrist. The Sixth Vial harmonizeth with the Third. 
I take the Rivers and fountains to be the Cities, Prov- 
inces and ELingdoms which run into the Romish Sea. We 
know the time when these became bloody, in Anglia, Bo- 
hemia, Germania : But this is very discernably difiEerent 
from drying up. Tis certain that very considerable streams 
have flowed to Rome out of England this last Century. 
The Sixth Vial is powered out upon the River, the great, 
the Euphrates trebly articled. And well it may, seeing 
it exceeds all the Kingdoms put to-gether which have re- 
volted from the Obedience of the Roman Empire. And 
Mr. Gage affirms that in Riches and Splendid Gawdiness 
the New Spanish Churches do Excell all that Rome knows 
besides. These are his Words, (in another place) who 
would not Admire to see, that at this day in America 
only, the Popes Authority and usurped power is extended 
to as many Countries as all Europe contains ; wherein no 
Religion but mere blind obedience and subjection to that 
man of Sin is known. The Revenues that arise from 
hence to Antichrist are very vast. Now the Sixth Vial 
dries this great River quite up. After which Christ will 
lift up his Head. All is one indeed in the intent and final 
issue of all the Vials ; viz : the Ruine of Antichrist. Yet 
there is some thing Emphatical both in the Time, and 
manner of doing ; which impresseth a Caractaristical Note 
upon each one of them. 2. It seems most congruous) 
Reap: It seems Incongruous to make the Tiu'k the object 
of this Vial : For (1.) God raised up the Turk to Chastise 
the Anticristian party with Scorpions, on Account of their 
prodigious Impieties (This way-mark I think, we all agree 
in) it was their duty hereupon to have repented. And 
after there obstinate refusal God sends the Vial-Angels 
to destroy them, and the Sixth in particular. (2.) If 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 175 

Turks be the object, then Antichrist powers out a Vial 
on himself. He was against the Turk. Sings Te Deum 
for every remarkable Success against him ; as raising the 
Sieges of Viena, Retaking of Newhewsell, Buda. (3.) The 
Turk is the Second Wo to Antichrist; the downfall, or 
cessation of the Turkish power, is the passing away of 
this Wo. How disagreeable is it, to make as if the pass- 
ing away of this Wo were a principle Plague. (4.) Upon 
the drying up of Euphrates, the Papists move all there 
power, they will not stick Acheronta mover e^ and make the 
utmost Efforts to get Euphrates a runing again in his 
former Channel. But in the business of the Turks ; the 
Papists forward their diminution with triumphant joy. 
3. The light of the Text constrains) Resp: The use of 
the equivocal Word Euphrates in this Text, is that from 
whence many Interpreters have taken occasion to go out 
of the Kings highway ; not suflBciently considering, that 
the very same words in Scripture, at a far less distance, 
do often require a very different Acceptation : which may 
be much more looked for in this Mistical Book. In the 
Ninth Chapter Euphrates is to be taken properly : in the 
Sixteenth, Metaphorically, for some notable Interest which 
makes Babylon glad ; which the Turks do not doe ; but 
vex them daily ; partly by destroying them and ScoflSng 
at their Imagery ; and partly by skreening of Protestants 
from the heat of their Persecution. Moreover the Uni- 
versality of Expositors have not gone this way ; and ac- 
cording to my Observation, tis but newly laid out Mr. 
Fox is the first that went in it so far as I know. He was 
indeed, and is in my esteem, a most worthy Divine : yei 
his principal charracter was, scripsii Martf/res. The incom- 
parable Mead followed this Track, and with him tis no 
wonder if many run along. Although to constrain him- 
self to think that He is in the right, he be forced to bend 
one of his own Hypotheses, viz : the 4"* ; Nam Pkiala[e\ 
omnes in Beatiam effunduntur : ergo et sinfftUce in aHquid Bestiw 



176 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

aid saltern quod BesticB sdlidi innexum^ ejusqe interest Lib. 3, 
p. 656. And BuUinger, Aretius, Illiricus, Pareus, Wilson, 
Cowper, Cotton, prefer an Interpretation analogus with 
this I defend. Pareus, to free the Opinion of Novelty, 
sayes his Anon3mius did so interpret the Text 260. years 
before he wrote. Beare with me then if I conjecture, that 
in this controversy, the Oldest is the shortest and safest 
way. 4. Seeing one main concern) Rcsp : The design of 
the Vials in general, is the destruction of Antichrist, in a 
progressive way. To prepare the way for the Jews, is 
peculiar to the Sixth Vial in order still to the destruction 
of Rome : for if the Eastern Kings go Up, Antichrist must 
needs goe down, which whether it be chiefly stniendoy or 
destrumdoy we must wait to see. Be sure it will be pre- 
judicial to the Beast. That which before was his, will 
forever cease to be so any more, by the defection of a 
numerous Company of new Converts. Mr. Eliot, was of 
opinion that this continent belonged to the Ten Tribes, its 
original Inhabitants ; and that their Brethren should come 
to them. And this is a far Larger and a better Land than 
that they are thrust out of. And what if Christ Umpire 
the difierence about the holiness of Places, by turning 
Mexico into the New Jerusalem, and by opening a Foun- 
tain there — for sin and for uncleanness. (Mexico signi- 
fies a fountain.) Antichrist would be hereby wonderfully 
confounded ; and the Holy War, and all the latter Sputter 
about forlorn Lidia and the Sepulchre &c there graphi- 
cally exposed. Mr. Brightman on the 6 of Solomons 
Song, treats of the calling of the Jewes under the simili- 
tude of a garden of Nuts. Our Mexicans their food and 
money was Nuts. 5. Because Euphrates) Hesp: In the 
9^^ chapter Euphrates is taken without a figure, plainly to 
describe where the Turks were when the 6^^ Trumpet gave 
them the signal to make their Inroads upon Christendom. 
In the 16*** Chapter figurative Euphrates it self is the 
patient. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 177 

6. A fine — 1. Because Res Antichrist i) Resp: That 
America is not ImanueFs Land, is more then the best 
lawyer can prove. Renowned Dr. Twisse's problem, Why 
may not that be the place of New Jerusalem ? was never 
yet answerd. Why this New Eearth should be abhorrent 
from the new Heaven, I cant devise. Mr. Eliot and Dr. 
Thorowgood with many more are of the opinion that the 
Teh Tribes are here, and their Arguments are not frivo- 
lous. And by considering Gen: 48: 16. Let them grow 
into a multitude in the midst of the Earth. Gen: 49. 22. 
Whose branches run over the Wall (of tke Atlantick 
Ocean) v. 26 per totum: Deut. 33. 16. 17. Seperate — to 
the Ends of the Earth : tis the same word used Psal. 2 : 8. 
I am made to hope that this continent is given unto 
Christ for a firm possession. I do not think the removal 
of Obstructions is the only preparation intended in this 
Vial. If I buy a piece of Land in Boston and build a 
House for a friend in London, or purchase one ready 
built ; His way to come over and settle here, is thereby 
prepared. The Turks also are but of a late date, an up- 
start people, near a 1000. years younger then AntiChrist. 
If you reject my probationer, for being under age, you 
must for the same reason quit your own. 2. Pope and 
Turk) Resp: God will remove the Pope and I suppose 
the Turk or restrain him, so that a dog shall not move 
his Tongue against man or beast, Exod: 11. 7. But I 
conjecture the Jews will be called before the ruine of 
Rome, ut senliat se mori. Christ has been a long time 
consuming the man of sin by the breath of his Mouth ; 
and He will utterly destroy him by the brightness of his 
coming in the conversion of Israel 2 Thessilonians 2 : 8. 
3. Taken away) Resp: The five first Vials are powered 
out, and yet the Antichristian affairs in America remain 
entire. Perhaps his glorious Acquisitions here may ap- 
pertain to the healing of his deadly wound: But in it 
is a foundation laid for a more mortal stroake which 

VOL. I. — 12. 



178 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

will be incurable by the Harmagedduntine Expedition. 
4. Place of preparation, and peoples are as far distant, 
as East and West) Resp : The most suitably that could be 
contriv'd ! Twill prompt them to praise the Messiah who 
makes it, in words which he has also made ready for them. 
103. 12. As far as the East is from the West: so far 
hath He removed our Transgressions from us. Psal. 45. 10. 
forget also thy own people, and thy Fathers house And 
how suitable will it be for our Alpha and Omega to en- 
tertain a numerous Host of his followers in that Field 
which is th^ End of the West and the beginning of the 
East ; Upon part of which Columbus the first Discoverer 
put that name. Admit it to be a good Omen. Amen, 
Co)ne L. J. 

To Mr. Noye% of Salem. 

10 Pope could and did stand near 1000 years without 
any contribution from America, when Hercules his Pil- 
lars had a Ne plus ultra upon them : and therefore might 
stand, if Phis ultra were dried up. Resp^. : A man has livd 
many years without such an Incom, without such a Medi- 
cine ; and yet canot now miss it without Ruine. Nemo 
niiser nisi c&mparatus. You liv'd many years without Ta- 
bacco ; and yet now your opinion is, that the witholding 
of it from you, would make an end of you. Admit all 
the American Affairs to be but Smoak ; yet Antich"" has 
whiff'd it so long, that take away his pipe, and you ex- 
pose him. Effectual door) Besp^: If Anticht had had 
any shame left, twould have been a considerable mortifi- 
cation to him, that Cht said nothing to his Vicar what He 
was about to doe, when he discoverd the New World. 
And when Christ shall come to join Joseph and Judah's 
stick in this Mexican Valley, described Ezek. 37, He will 
make an illustrious display of his Glorious Greatness and 
Goodness, to the unspeakable comfort of his favourites ; 
who shall set forth his praises with an Accent that the 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 179 

world was never before acquainted with. But all this 
while, He will turn his back upon his Vicar, and not so 
much as vouchsafe him one Look ; imtill he turn upon 
him utterly to destroy him by the Anger of the Seventh 
Vial. 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

Boston, N. K, Nov^ 23, 1696. Writt to Mr. Thomas 
Cotton Minister in Hogsdon Square near London, with a 
Copy of Mr. Usher's Deed of Feoffment which send p 
Bant. Have paid Mr. Woodbridge 20f. Shall take his 
Advice and send Madam Usher her Money, not waiting 
for an answer of mine 7^ 28, sent j) Mr. Cooper. Am 
glad to hear of the health and wellfare of Madam Usher, 
Mrs. Cotton, your self and Son ; the continuance of which 
is desired p S. S. 

The person last signing upon his unexpected Resurrec- 
tion will give you an account of the Action. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRIDGET USHER. 

A Copy of a Letter to Madam Usher. 

Nov. 28, 1696. 

Madam, — I have written to Mr. Cotton of 23"? Cur*. 
But notwithstanding what is there said, I shall expect 
your order for the disposal of your Money; Lest by 
reason of mine by Mr. Cooper (copied above) what we 
do should interfere. M"" William Brattle was Ordained 
a[t] Cambridge last fowrt day. Mr. John Cotton at 
Hampton, the week before. The Weather is extraordi- 
narily cold for this time of the year ; which afflicts us 
by reason of the absence of our friends in the fleet not 
yet arrivd. The Lord preserve them. I am ready to 
send your Money in ps. | by Bills, or to Accept yours 
here, as you please, which is all at present from, 
Madam 



180 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO GOVERNOR PARTRlDGE.i 

Copy of a Letter to QoxT. Partridge. 

Fifth Day, Jan^ 7, 169^, Boston, Massachusetts. 

Sir, — I essayed to wait on your Hon!" the night before 
your going out of Town, but the Snow prevented me. I 
went to Col. Hutchinson's the next day, but was too late. 
These are to ask your Acceptance of the inclosed little 
books, and to signify my rejoicing for your safe Arrival 
after so dangerous a passage and tedious. 'Tis God who 
has sent you to the Province of Newhampshire, and there 
He has given you a Day : how long or how short, He only 
knows : Our concern is to work the works of Him that 
sent us while the day lasts. Mr. Willard has on many 
Lords Days been exorting his Congregation from those 
words Jn? 9. 4., which brought them now to my mind. 
My Service to Madam Partridge. I acknowledge your 
Kindness to me here and at Portsmouth, and am 

Sir, your Hon? friend and humble serv*, 

S.S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO ISRAEL CHAUNCY. 
A Copy of a Letter to Mr, Israel Chauncy. 



Mr. Israel Chauncy, of Stratford. 

To a large Bed, Bolster, and two Pillows 
To Curtains, Valens, head-cloth 
To a pair of fine Blankets . . . 
To 1^ Broad-Cloth for Cusheons . 
To 6 Skins, Fringe, and making 
To Packing-Cloth 



Jan. 9, 169f . 

Dr. 


£ 
11. 


8. d. 

17. 04. 


11. 


00. 00. 


01. 


13. 00. 


01. 


05. GO 


00. 


16 00 


00 


04 00 



26. 15. 04. 



1 William Partridge, the Treasurer of New Hampshire, had been ap- 
pointed Lieutenant-Governor. He held the office from 1697-1704. lie 
was a ship-builder, with large connections in England in the way of trade. 
John Usher was his immediate predecessor. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 181 

To Balance resting in my hand .... 00. 08 08 

The Balance I sent in 2 pf Gloves, cash 27. 04. 00. 
ti ■ 

£0 — 9. 4"? Gave it to Mr. Jones, 
Feb^ 16, 169^. 

Mr. Chauncy. 

Sir, — I have received I suppose all your Letters, and 
had got the Goods p the End of Novembf. Are now 
packed up in course Barras, and Marked with Ink N° I. C. 
11. and left with Mr. Isaac Jones. I have inclosed sent 
you his Receipt and the Bills of Exchange to be signed 
by you : you may please also to write a Short Letter or 
two to accompany them, and send me by the next Post. 
I hope the Goods will give you content, though as all 
things Else they are dear ; and the Bolster not fill'd. I 
paid Mr. Jonathan Everard the mentioned sum of Money ; 
viz. £26. 15. 4., upon the 27 of Novembr Am sorry 
there was no other Surplusage for your farther acoiiio- 
dation. Please to notify how you will have the odd Shil- 
lings disposd, and it shall be complied with. 

We buried our Little Sarah 2 years old and a m ; died 
23 xr. after a sickly painfull Life. Tis the Eighth Trial 
of this Kind that we have met with. The Lord make us 
Gold : and take our two Sons, and three daughters Irf t 
alive, to be his. 

Febr. 19, 169^. Sent a Letter p Alford in Burrington 
p way of Ireland, inclosing Mr. Chauncys fir[st] Bill of 
Exchange with Letter of Advice on Mr. Uzziel Chauncy 
Mercer in Bristol. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO 



Boston, March 30, 1697.^ 

Hon" Sir, — I am made glad with yours of the 22? 
which received of Joseph Easton on the 26*f*. The con- 

1 This and the six following letters refer to the liberal donations of Con- 
necticut to those who suffered from Indian depredations. See ante, page 125. 
— Eds, 



182 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

tinuance of Brotherly Love, confirms me in my Opinion 
that these Provinces are Cousen German to the Citizens 
of the New Jerusalem. The Circumstances of your 
Country, as to their own stores of Grain, doe fitly put one 
in mind of the Churches of Macedonia, whose poverty 
abounded to the riches of their liberallity. I doe heartily 
thank on behalf of those for whom the contribution is 
made, and doubt not but there will be many prayers to 
God that as you have been sowing bountifully, so you 
may reap bountifully ; and that God may Minister bread 
for your food, and multiply your seed sown. 

I have already received from New London Twenty- 
four pounds Eight Shillings and Sixpence. From Ston- 
ington Thirty two poimds 3 shillings 2 pence. From 
Preston £6. 0::4. I have asked advise as to the Specie, 
and do desire that you would please to send in Grain; 
That will be the likeliest way to promote your Charitable 
design. I was yesterday at the funeral of Mrs. Danf orth ; 
where we heard of the death of our very Aged and Hon- 
ourable Govemour Bradstreet, so that one f unerall touches 
another; My service to Govemour Treat, Mr. Mather, 
Mr. Woodbridge. With request of your^ Prayers that I 
may rightly and acceptably discharge the Trust you have 
reposed in me, I need not say hasten with all convepient 
speed, lest some become like those that go down to the 
pit before Releife come. 

I take leave who am Sir, yours obliged, 

Sam: Sewall. 



SAMUEL sewall TO WILLIAM VAUGHAN. 

To Major WiUiam Vaughan. 

April 6, 1697. 

Sir, — It so falls out that the Conecticut Gentlemen 
have consigned their Contribution to me; I have only 
some Money in my hand at present which have laid out 
in buying Grain here. I put one Hundred Bushels on 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 183 

board J. Flood ; Fifty of which he is to deliver to your 
order, Especially for the poor of Dover in its Extent. If 
there be any Deacon at Dover, Let him, Capt. Gerrish, 
Capt. Tuttle, Capt. Woodman, with your-self, please to 
accept of the Distribution of it, as to the proportion : so 
that, if it be possible, there may be no just cause of mur- 
muring : or any Three, if the other canot be present. I 
shall take some particular care of Mr. Pike. Please to 
favour me with a few lines describing the Persons to whom 
the Com is given, and the Quantity to Each. Praying 
God to make this Taste of their firethrens Love beneficial 
and acceptable to them : K there be no Deacon, let Mr. 
Job Clements assist. I take leave who am, Sir, your 
obliged freind and Servant. 

Sam: Sewall. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN WHEELWRIGHT. 

To Ens: John Wheeltoright At Wells. 

April 6, 1697. 

Sir,— Your wonderfuU deliverance out of the Enemies 
hand, will incline you to Compassionate and assist those 
Husbands and Wives who are distressed by them. The 
Connecticut Gentlemen have made a liberal Contribution 
for the distressed poor who are in want of Bread; and 
Consignd it to me. I have sent One hundred Bushels by 
Capt. Gooch, which he gives the frfeight of. I desire and 
Order, that Capt Bracket, yourself wit[h] said Gooch 
will proportion it ; and send me the names of the persons 
with the Quantity given them. I need not put you in 
mind to take with you the Advice of your honoured Fa- 
ther, that so, if it be possible, all just cause of murmuring 
may be prevented in an affair that is so difficult. Pray- 
ing God to bless the poor of Wells and their provision, 
I take leave who am 

Sir, your freind, 

Sam. Sewall. 



184 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO ABRAHAM PREBLE. 

To if Abraham Preble at Wells. 

Apr. 6, 1697. 

I have once more the pleasure of sending a little Corn 
to the poor families of York that are in distress; the 
Connecticut Gentlemen having consigned their Contri- 
bution to me. I desire and Order that Samuel Donnel 
Esqr and your self, together with Capt Gooch, doe settle 
the proportion what each family shall have; and send 
me an Account, of the Persons names on whom bestowed 
and the Quantity to each. Praying God to give us thank- 
full frames of spirit for opening our Brethrens hearts 
towards us ; and that would send a seasonable seed Time 
and Harvest, I take leave who am Sir, your freind, 

Sam. Sewall. 

samuel sewall to charles frost. 

To Major Charles Frost at JSittery. 

April 6, 1697. 

I have sent by Mr Flood Fifty bushels of Indian Corn ; 
which he is to deliver to your order. I desire and Order 
you and Capt Hainond to dispose of it to the poor of the 
upper part of Kittery, and send me an account of the 
Persons names and the quantity you give to each. It 
must not be bestowed on the Grarrison soldiers. The 
River running equally between you, I thought best thus 
to share One hundred Bushels between you and Dover. 
I have no more at present in my hands : And the Proverb 
is Tis merry in the Hall, when beards wag all. 'Tis a 
taste of the Kindness of our Connecticut friends, their 
Contribution. This is all the needfuU at present from 

Sir, your freind and Servt. 

I am to pay Sam : Sewall. 

the f rait. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 185 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO 



Boston, June 15, 1697. 

Honoured Sir, — Yours of May 18 is before me, which 
speaks thus. By another vessel whereof Mr Joseph Hill 
is Master, I sent you 2 Bushels of Barly, 16 Bushels of 
Indian, and 22 Bushels of Rye. Now the sixteen Bushels 
of Indian he denies to have received, and asks of me a 
Receipt ; but I have none, Save for 14^ of Indian and one 
of Rye. I urged your Letter, and enquired if they had 
none for me ; He and one Ward said they had none. If 
such a parcel was shipd, please to take care of it. I have 
not given up the small Receipt because of this disagree- 
ment. As to the distribution of the Grain, I first of all 
bought Thfee hundred Bushels, and sent one to Wells, 
One to York ; Fifty to Kittery, and Fifty to Dover ; which 
was doled out with utmost diligence. I presumed that it 
would be Acceptable to the Govemour and Council of 
your Colony, not to have the distressed of Hampshire 
balkd, though they be not Expresly mentioned in the 
Brief. And have accordingly sent them of that Province 
fifty Bushels more. I sent the Grain by Mr. Clark into 
Merrimack River, (May the Christian correspondence of 
these two Rivers never be forgotton,) besides what one 
Greatly had carried thither directly from the sea side. 
Newbury lying just next the Fronteers, and being thereby 
exhausted, and also having many among them escaped 
naked thither out of the War, I ordered them Sixty Bush- 
els. And for the other Towns on that River I directed 
each of them to send a Man to Newbury and Col. Daniel 
Pierce of that Town to be their Moderatour in adjusting 
their Proportions fixd by said Pierce, who knew their cir- 
cumstances, to good satisfaction. I have inclosed One 
List ; and a Letter of Thanks from M^ Zachariah Sims of 
Bradford. I venturd to let Dustan of Havarill have a 
Bushel for each one in his family, on account of his great 



186 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Loss by fire and the notable exploit his wife did. As to 
your Proposals about consigning some wheat to me to be 
baked, I shall not decline the service ; but do the best I 
can in the matter. If you send any, Please to favour me 
with a Coppy of Brief Attested. And whether I may not 
venture to send Mrs. Cushman who came over in the first 
ship, 1620, 3 or 4 Bushels of your wheat, to Plimouth. 
She is in want, and having livd here so long, tis pitty she 
should be starvd out at last. Not that I think her case so 
extrean neither. Some hurt has been lately killd at Ex- 
ceter ; but the Enemy by Gods Good Providence much 
disappointed of their Expectations. Here is reported 
from New York a thing of much concernment to the 
world ; viz : the Death of the King of Spain.^ The Lords 
sitting upon the water Floods, and sitting Kipg for ever, 
is our Stability and comfort. Mr. Simms writ in haste, 
and knew not how to super scribe his Letter which I have 
venturd to doe for him, which please to Comunicate to 
the Govf and Council with all due Thanks and acknowl- 
edgments from 

Sir, your humble Servant, 

Sam: Sew all. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO 



Boston, July 12, 1697. 

Sir, — Yours of 25 May and June 18 are before me. 
I know nothing but that all the Contribution you sent, 
hath come safe. None hath miscarried. Mr. Pierpont 
gave me notice of Jonathan Grealy of Salisbury. He 
stood along for Merrimack, and I met him there with an 
order by the Post, and ordered his 127 of Indian and 
36.^ of Rye to the Fronteers there, who are in great 

1 A false report. Charles II., King of Spain, did not die till November 8, 
1700. Sewall seems to have foreseen what serious consequences were likely 
to follow this event, — the extinction in the male line of the old royal family 
of Spain. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 187 

want. Hear some of his Imployers would have put a 
Trick upon me, and kept back Corn for freight accord- 
ing as the price was at New-haven. Pretending that 
was his agreement. Probably he might not think of 
seeing his Receipt. But I went to Newbury in May and 
brought him to reason. What was on board of Isaac 
Jones also, came safe. Mr. Pierpont calls it 21 Bushels. 
He had more but has [up] his Receipt and is- not now 
in my mind. From Mf Dan! Alsup in the sloop Blossom 
I received 99 bushels of Rye, and 37 of Indian. Of Sam. 
Eels wheat 25, Rye 11, Indian 1 and 36" cash by Mr. 
Clark. Flinder is now in the Dock with 97 of Indian 
and 15} of Rye. I have sent into Country; to Chelms- 
ford and Dunstable to come down, that so if we can, may 
have the charge of Housing. Sir, They that taste of 
your bounty do heartily Thank you ; and are very sen- 
sible of the Goodness of God in stirring up your hearts 
to releive them in their Distress as also in preserving the 
Grain in its passage, that none hath miscarried. And 
what you mention in your last concerning the Blast, is 
matter of deep humiliation to us; that it should fall just 
at this. time. God's Judgments are unsearchable, and 
his ways past finding out. Not only in the great Things 
there mentioned, as Rejection of the jews. Leaving the 
Inhabitants of the New World in the dark for we know 
not how many Ages, But also in his more particular 
Providences respecting Churches or Persons. God will 
have us submit to his Soveraignty in suffering as well 
as in doing his pleasure. We are much afflicted with a 
Drought. Tis both Comfort and Affliction to us, that at 
the same time Towns not far oflf have a sufficiency of 
Refreshing Rain. I shall now speedily send an account 
to the Govf and Council of the Disposal of their Liberal 
Contribution. I have baked the Wheat sent by Mr. 
Sellick, and am sending it to Capt. Whiting with 8 Bar- 
rels Meat^ and some Com for the Indians. 



188 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM WHITING. 

A Coppy of a Letter to Capt, WiUiam Whiting at York. 

Boston, July 14, 1697. 

Yours of July 8 came to hand the 10, but saw no 
Messenger and knew not how to return an answere. 
Your betaking your self to the Inconveniencies of the 
Woods, to keep off harm from us, is Obhging ; both in 
your self, and those that sent you. 

I have sent p Tho. Waters, four Barrels of Beef, and 
four Barrels of Pork marked with a Marking Iron S S. 
Mr. Sellick who brought it, saith it is very good, and 
carefully repacked. Having also sent a [Mi?] of Com 
for the Indians, unmarkd. A [hh] of Albany Pease q* 
15. ^ Bushels at 7? marked W x 10 x with Ink. Three 
[Ml?] of Bread marked in like manner, to 13. The 
last [hh*^ ?] q* 3-2-0. All of them q* A Thousand and 
fourteen pound of Bread, as twas weighd in Bags from 
the Baker. If you find twould be more convenient to 
send the Bread in Bags hereafter, I will take that course. 
The new llh^ stand in Six shillings apiece, when fitted ; 
or little under. Have sent also Ten p" of f p said 
Waters. And I pray your Acceptance of a little Boston 
Yokeheag [Eokeage]:^ am told it is very good. We 
are this day to attend the Funerall of poor Mr. H. Usher 
who died at Lin on the Lds day, but brought hither. 
The Drought is hard upon us and several Towns here 
about ; which much abates the Joy of our Projects taking 
as to the making of good French salt. On the 2^ about 
Three Mi^ were raked. My service to Capt. Hall, to 
Major March. With the Tender of my hearty service to 
your self, praying that God may Accept and succeed 
your service, I take leave who am sir. 

Your humble serv* Sam. Sewall. 

1 ** Parched Indian corn, pounded up and mixed with sugar; called also 
yokeage.** — Webster* s Dictionary, — Eds. 



f 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 189 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO 



Boston, July 15, 1697. 

Sir, — I have sent you a Barrel of Boston Salt q* five 
Bushels chargd at 5' p Bushel. Here is 46^ of Indian, 
and 6^ of Rye come in by Mr. Harris, for the Colony. 
Mr. Southmayd was with me last Night, and tells me he 
has 8 Barrels of Pork and 2 of Beef. And saith there 
is another vessel come with him, has Com. I need 
your Advice whether I had best sell the Indian here, 
Shall have I suppose 100. Bushels or more, and the 
price is fallen 4? 6*? and the Market but dull neither, a 
pretty many vessels coming in together. Insomuch 
that an Eastham Boat carried away their Corn again, 
and went with it to Plimouth. If Walter be not gon, 
I think to venture a little more Indian to you ; and pray 
your Advice p the first as to the rest. One hundred 
and Eighty bushels of wheat is with the Baker; you 
have part of the Bread ; Jiaker saith tis good ; though 
not bright by reason of a mixture of Rye and foreign 
grain ; I thought it needfull to have this added. 

p Sir, 

* 

your friend and Serv' S. Sewall. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 



To Cous. Hull p the Faulkland, Ocb^ 4, 1697, inclosing 
a 2"^ Bill of Exchange and Letter of Advice from Mr. 
Chauncy. * Account of Lancaster Sept'. 11. and Fight 
near Pemaquid Sept^ 9*?. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BRIDGET USHER. 

Copy of a Letter to Madam Bridget Usher ^ ^ the FavXkland. 

Octt 4, 1697. 

I have no Answer of mine written Nov. 28 to your 
self, nor of One written to M' Cotton Novf 23. Which 



190 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

I I 

makes me hope I may see you before winter yet ; which 
would be very well for your Affairs, if it have pleased 
God so to direct. For Mr. Usher being dead, your con- 
cerns will be best managed by your self; And if you 
come from England not knowing of his death, you are 
entituled to £3000 Legacy, though I cant tell whether 
anything more will be to be had besides the title of a 
Legatee. Poor Mr. Usher was taking a ramble, and his 
Horse fell at Maiden and bruised or Broke his Legg so 
that he was carried into the Blew Bell and there was 
kept a while, at last was brought to Boston to Mrs. 
Whitcombs where he grew distracted and was put to 
Jno. Arnold the late prison keeper to look after; then 
was a while at his Brothers; but could not be bom; 
then Mr. Usher agreed with one of Lin to keep him; 
with whom he ended his daies July 11, 1697. Corps was 
brought to Town and buried out of Mr. Ushers house. 
Hath left an Extravagant Will which is prooved;^ Mr. 
Jonathan Tyng is his Executor. I think to sue for. the 
House and Ground at the Superior Court this Moneth. 
If you see it not convenient to come over twill be neces- 
sary to impower some body fully to demand your Right 
of Thirds in the Dwelling house shops and Warehouse, 
and in any other Lands if any bee. Or to compound for 
them if you think that best and to give Discharges. 
Mr. Addingtpn would be a very fit person for you to 
improve. But you would best of all pursue your own 
Business by your personal Presence here. Unk]^ Quinsey 
grows exceeding crazy. My Wife is valetudinarious. 
My service to you and Mr. Cotton and family from 

Madam, 

Your humble ser. S. S. 



* See arUe^ p. 138, note. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 191 



MEMORANDUM. 

Mr. Moody died at Cotton Hill, July 4, 1697, and was 
buried on the day before the Commencement, a great 
Funeral. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO ELEAZER KIMBERLY. 

To Mr. Eleazer Kimberly SecT inclosing my Account ^ Capt. 

Whiting. 

Third-^y, Octt 5, 1697. 

Sir, — I was so far from disaccepting the Service 
which the Government of Connecticut desired of me, that 
I account myself therewith gratified and honoured, and 
am very glad if the Concurrence of my weak help 
may any way assist the Exercise of your effectual Love 
and Sympathy towards the Inhabitants of this Province. 
Here is a growing charge by the men quarterd out, 
seven of them; as Sam! Stockin of Middleton, Ebenezer 
Smith of Say-Brook sick and broken mortified shins, 
Nathan! Ackly and W? Scovil with his broken Arm from 
Hadham, Jedidiah Andrews of New-Haven, Ephraim 
Wilcox and Job Pain of Middleton.^ These Seven will 
go near to stand in £ 3. 10-0 p the week besides Physick 
and chirurgery. Everything is so dear, and people 
afraid of Infection ; that it is a difficult thing to per- 
suade anybody to entertain them. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO [EDWARD] HULL. 

To CouB. HvU ^ Madam Eha. JBeUingham who goes in the Brig- 

anteen^ Bows Mr. [^Master']. 

9'. 1, 1697. 

Buy for me a piece of flowerd Lute string q* between 
36. and fourty yards to make Gowns and Petticoats for 
my Daughters. You must not exceed 5! p yard; And 

^ In the margin opposite the first list of names is the date ''Sept. 27," 
and opposite the second list is th^ date '* 7T 30." — £ds. 



192 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

if you can get that which is tolerable good under that 
price, you must: for the War hath lasted so long that 
it hath draind away our Money; though some at the 
same time have made an Estate. Am loth to send now 
because the Falkland is gon without their Ships: But 
intend to send p the Mast Ships to reimburse you. 
Would have you also send a Silk Fringe of a suitable 
Colour for the Petticoats. Would intreat Cousin Brattle 
to doe it for us: and make her such Compensation as 
you shall think convenient, &c. Was forcd to give 
more than I writt to you of, rather than be pesterd 
with I knew not what Neighbour. I give £40.^ Would 
have sent one of the Instruments now but cant yet get 
it Recorded. S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR WILLIAM ASHHURST. 
To Sir William Ashhurst K\ QoxT. and Company cfcc. 

March 3, 169{. 

I have adventured to dedicate to your Honour and Com- 
pany a small Disquisition^ relating to the aboriginal Na- 
tives of America, which might have been in your hand 
before now, but that the prodigious Length and Strength 
of this Winter, laid a peremptory comand upon our ships, 
to stay. I have sent p Cap* Foy, junf When it shall 
come to the great City, if it meet not with approbation ; 
yet I hope it will find Pardon. For to see this hunted 
Hinde submitting and resigning her self to her Lord and 
Owner and putting herself under his protection, would 
afiford an Ecstacy of delightfuU pleasure. By some New- 
English Captives returned from Carthagena, here is a 
rumor of a Spanish Martyr lately sacrificed at Merida in 
New Spain. K it prove true, it may give further War- 
rant for the publishing large and loud Proclamations 

* Sewall's Diary, I. 61, and ante^ p. 160. — Eds. 

^ ** Fhaenomena quaedam Apocalyptica Ad Adspectum Noyi Orbis con- 
figurata." See SewalPs Diary, I. 68, note 2. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 193 

concerning Jerusalem, her warfare being well near acom- 
plished, and her Iniquity pardoned. I hope it will not 
be taken amiss that a West Countryman has taken upon 
him to speak in behalf of this more Western World. 
When as after the Discovery of Chris : Columbus, to con- 
fine Religion to three parts of the World only, is a per- 
nitious sort of Uncharitable Donatisme. And seeing the 
Eighth verse of the second Psalm remains as sound and 
impenetrable a Shield, as in S* Austins time: After his 
Example I have opposed it to the haereticaJ Darts ; and 
with him crave leave to say, Recedat Donatus^ Recedat 
CceciManus; nee tUe, nee tste Detis metis est. In Psal. Col 41- 
114 and 175. The good Father could not discourse of 
this subject without some passionate jEstuation: and 
therefore it will not be wondred at, if it almost put me 
quite out of Patience. My Desire and hopes are, that 
Sentence will not be passed according to the excess or 
defect of the Advocate: but according to the Validity 
of the Pleas that are, or may be brought on the behalf 
of the New World. I only pray your Honours Favour 
in undertaking the Patronage of this Apology in its 
Peregrination. 

and remain 

Sir, your Honours humble serv* 

S. Sewall. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR HENRY ASHHURST. 

To Sir Henry Aahhurat -ff? ^ the Anne^ Jh? For/ejunT Comander, 

March 5, 169}. 

I am favoured with yours of Jan. 20, 1696 and of Aug* 
25, 1697. The first I received May 15, 1697. My good 
Friend Mr. Peter Sergeant^ is now become more so by 

^ Peter Sergeant was a member of the first council under the new charter 
in 1002, but is perhaps better known as the rich merchant who built for his 
own occupation what subsequently became the Province House and the real- 
dence of numerous royal governors. — Eds. 

VOL. I. — 18. 



194 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

delivering to me your Obliging Letters. And I esteem 
it a singular favour, that in the hurry of your publick 
Affairs you should be pleased to divert to shew one un- 
known to you, this particular Respect. I doe not only 
believe, but partly know your diligence and faithfullness 
in your Agency for New England; having been at the 
same time in the anti Chamber at Hampton Court, and 
there seen your Honour waiting His MajT and the Coun- 
cils Pleasure referring to New England. Capt. Gillam 
had the happiness to Arrive at Marblehead upon Dec. 9 : 
By which means the Orders were received, and the year 
begun with the Proclamation of the Peace, on the Tenth ; ^ 
which was done by beating of Drumm and sound of 
Trumpet, and very loud Acclamations of the People. 
The Lt. Govf, Council, and many Gentlemen besides, 
being assembled at the Council Chamber on occasion of 
this solemnity. The Prison doors were opened, and the 
French Prisoners cheered with wine but more with Lib- 
erty. Upon the 15 the Gen! Court met, and ordered a 
Congratulatory Address to be drawn up, and chose Majr 
Gen! Wait Winthrop, Mr. Cooke, and Maj' Pen Townsend 
the speaker of the Assembly, to wait upon his Excellency 
the Earl of Bellomont our Governour, at New Yorke so 
soon as we should be certified of his Arrival. But it is a 
damp to us that he is not heard of to this day. Though 
the Foy be got well in, yet we begin to fear that the 
Deptford is blown off to some of the more Southern Plan- 
tations. The great and good Character given by all 
hands of his Excellency, makes us bear this delay the 
more impatiently. We have had very severe Wether 
since the Arrival of Gillam and Bant ; and it hath lately 
been a time of very great Sickness. Now Health is 
restored. Last summers Drought, and the prodigious 
length of the Winter and constancy of the Snow lying 

^ Peace of Ryswick, concluded in 1697 between England and the great 
continental powers, which gave rest to the colonies. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 195 

on the ground (tis now some foot thick) is like to be 
the death of a great part of our Sheep, Net Cattell and 
Horses. Many are dead ah'eady through Sickness or 
want of Fodder, Last Hay-Harvest not affording above 
half so much as usually has been ; at least in many 
places. By which means the Province is like to be re- 
duced to great Straits. All sorts of meat are already 
very dear, and have been so along time. Our Worthy 
Lt. Govf supposeth himself to have taken Leave of Gen^ 
Courts by the within inclosed Proclamation, expecting 
his Lordships coming to take the Chair. God hath 
begun to make way for Alterations the next Election 
Day; three of the Council being dead since the Last, 
viz : Major Frost, slain by the Indians last Summer ; Col. 
Sam^ Shrimpton,^ and Col. Barthol. Gedney [who] dyed 
last February. Col. Gedney the last, and buried yester- 
day. I have lately adventured to make a short Apology 
for America in answere to those who have laid it out for 
Hell, and I do not know what all : I have sent half a Duz. 
p Capt. Foy jun! of which I crave your Acceptance. It 
is an Indian Piece, and therefore dedicated to your 
Worthy Brother, though unknown. As for stating any 
Salary, Nothing can be done before His Excellencys Ar- 
rival. When there is an Oportunity, I hope I shall no£ 
be the backwardest in a real Testimony of our Thank- 
fullness to your Honour for unwearied Services for N. E. 
I pray that you will still endeavour, that as we have the 
name of having the Liberties of Englishmen, so we may 
have them continued to us in Deed ; which will promote 
the true Interest of his Maj. and of his Subjects. 

Sir, I am your obliged Friend and 

humble Serv* S. Sewall. 



1 See Sewall's Diary, I. 424, note. — Eds. 



196 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



Postscript to Sir William Ashhurst. 

In the last page please to insert 1629 between 1628 
and 1630, And if there be any mistake in your Honours 
Title, I ask pardon for one unversd in things of that 
nature; and pray it may be amended; especially if any 
Bookseller should desire to print it: as here it meets 
with some Acceptance. 

March 7, 169f Idem. S. S. 

Foy set sail from Nantasket on Thorsday March 10, 
early in the morning with a very fair wind; fell down 
thither the day before. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN WISE. 

To Mr. Jn? Wiae.^ 

Boston, April 12, 1698. 

Rev? Sir, — Yours of the 21. 1, I received Apr. 1, 
1698. And upon the reading of it, I plainly saw that 
you had over valued the crazie fining Pot, when as you 
ventured to pour into it so many and great Hyperboles 
of Praise. Yet I desire humbly to rejoice if any rude 
materials of my finding or bringing, may be made any 
Use of in the building the Temple of God. And if it be 
so, it must be attributed to his undeserved Grace; who 
doeth all the good that is done, and then honours us in 
setting it down to our account, as if we had done some- 
thing. You have exceedingly grattified me in being, 1 
think the first, who has moved any Question to me, oi 
favoured me with an objection. I doe not understand 
that the Numerousness of the Garters need make you 
ashamed of your American hopes: I have read the 
Author you mention. And I hope you will not be of- 

1 Rev. John Wise of Ipswich, whose labors to promote free government 
for church and state are so well known. See Memorial History of Boston, 
II. 350. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 197 

fended if I essay to make a thick Bulwark of the Thin- 
ning of the Americans, wherein I may defend my self 
from any further Assaults, Isa. 17. 6. Yet gleaning 
grapes shall be left in it as the shaking of an Olive tree, 
two or three berries in the Top of the uppermost bough 
&c. So much thinning makes for America, and I sup- 
pose you pretend to no more. Isa. 54. 3. And thy seed 
shall inherit the gentiles, and make the desolate Cities to 
be inhabited. £zek. 36. 4. As all men sprung from one ; 
so possibly the Inhabitants of the New World may derive 
their Original from a very few; and those few might 
pass through the Numbers of Asia, as Rhodanus passeth 
through the Lake Lemane without mingling with its 
waters. For by their Eye, Hair, Colour, and Customs, 
they seem to be an unmixed people. From Psal. 50. 1. 
Augustin saith, Tardam vocavity quardam Fabricavity citing 
Act. 1. 8. (Col. 466). The only Postulatum therefore 
that I desire, is that you will grant America an Equal 
Right with her Sisters in the first verse of the first of 
Genesis. And it is not absurd to conjecture that where 
the Antichristian Genesis ends there the more notable 
Analysis will begin. And possibly this place that was 
lately none at all ; and is still last of all, may in time, be 
made the first. Four days before I received yours the 
President gave me a sight of Menasseh Ben Israel, his 
spes Israelis. He conjectures that America was first in- 
habited by part of the Ten Tribes — qms UUc loci servat 
Deus usque ad iempus Hedemptioms. p. 31. Existimamus pe- 
tiisse ipsas Indias Occidentales per fretum Amards. p. 44. 
He thinks Islands of the Sea were better rendred West- 
ern Islands; citing Gen. 28. 14. I could not but take 
especial notice of one passage ; ei quoniam CoUectio captivi- 
tatu incipiet ab ijs qtd su7d in America dicit Isaias In me 
sperabunt ImulcBy et Naves Tarti {id est Oceard,) in principio. 
Isa. 60. 9. p. 81, 82, which suits very well with what I 
have hinted from Zech. 12: 7. p. 37. And if the few 



198 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Grains fallen into this American soil and become so pro- 
digiously fruitfuU, should prove to be chiefly of Joseph's 
Posterity, we must observe therein the plentifuU Reward 
of his Chastity. And we have laid before us a more 
August Reason for the Notation of the Names of Ephraim 
and Menasseh than men are usually aware of. As for 
Carolina. It pleaseth me that Christ is carrying his 
trenches so near Idumia. The Word I hope will shortly 
be given for a general Assault. And I hope they will 
fall as flat as ever Jericho did. Who will bring me into 
the City ? Who will lead me into Edom ? But now as 
to this or the other Officer in the Army, it matters not 
much where he [ie] placed, provided he be in the Post 
where his General has set him. And your Fathers and 
Brethren in the Ministry who know your circumstances, 
and the condition of the Church in Chebacko, can best ad- 
just that for you. Non deficiamus Evangelium prwdicare -non 
deficiamus Dominum annwiciare, usq[u\e in Idumceamj ezteiidam 
Calceamerdum metmi. Augustin. There is no doubt but 
the Prayers and Tears of the Massachusets being skilfully 
directed will in the maner of a Warlike Ram have a very 
considerable Efficacy in shaking and shattering Antichris- 
tian Walls at the greatest distance. But is it not neces- 
sary that Death doe precede this glorious Resurrection ! 
We had need prepare for it. M' Morton my very good 
friend went to his Mansion House the IV^ current be- 
tween 2 and 3 p. m. We are pretty well got over the 
Length and Severity of the Winter. I desire your 
prayers that God would cause my house to grow. We 
have News this day by Sea, that His Excellency our 
Govf^ arrived at Sandy Hook the first of this Month. 

* Richard Coote, Earl of Bellomont in the peerage of Ireland, recently 
appointed Governor of New England. See Memorial History of Boston, II. 
173 ff. On page 175 a portrait of a Russian officer, who from his wig, uni- 
form, and decorations must have been at the earliest a contemporary of 
Frederick the Great and Marshal Saxe, is inserted as a possible portrait of 
him! — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 199 

and was magnificently received at New york the Next. 
His Kinsman the Lt. Gov! married a rich Lady at Bar- 
bados. Pray that threatened Geneva may live long, 
that God would be the glory in the midst of them, and 
a wall of fire round about them. And that God would 
bring the Brethren of our L. J. C. in Greece, out of 
great Tribulation, with their garments made White in 
the Blood of the Lamb. 

Sir, your Friend. S. Sewall. 



MEMORANDA. 



April 25, 1698. Sent p Capt. Thomas Carter to Am- 
sterdam Fourty ps. |, four Fr. Crowns, and ^ Five Dutch 
Dollars and a piece : To lay out for my wife in a piece of 
Sheeting Holland according to pattern, Pounds of Wafers, 
about a Peck, Ream of Marbled paper, Spanish Bible of 
Cypriano Valero, Deodats Italian Bible. My Service to 
the French Ladies, and give them one of the Books. 

May 2, 1698. In my Letter to Mr. Noyes, J tran- 
scribed out of Austin and sent him — Psal. 86. 9, 10. 
Psal. 93-5. Psal. 95. 4. Psal. 100. 2. Psal. 102. 22. 



memorandum. 



Whereas Samuel Sewall, of Boston in New England, 
Esqr. and Haiiah his Wife, by Lease have Lett unto 
Mary Dafiforne of Boston, Aforesaid, Widdow, (one of the 
surviving Daughters and Coheirs of M' Richard Woodey, 
late of Boston aforesaid, Soape Boyler deed) All that 
their Messuage or Tenement with the Land thereunto 
belonging at the Southend of Boston (heretofore the 
Estate of the said Woodey) now in the Occupation of 
the said DafFome, For one year from the Tenth day of 
this Instant May — Now wee the said Samuel and Hanah 



200 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Sewall, notwithstanding the same, doe covenant and 
promise to and with the said Mary Daffome, and her 
Sister Martha Pateshall of Boston, Widdow, that if they 
shall pay unto us by the Twentyeth day of August next 
after the date hereof, The Sum of One hundred and 
Fifty . pounds, Current Money of New England, Then 
and in such case wee will thereupon grant and convey 
unto them all our right and Interest in the aforesaid 
housing and Land; Or in case the said Mary Daffome, 
(and not the said Martha Pateshall), shall then only be 
in a Capacity to pay us the said Money, Then upon her 
payment thereof to us, wee will assure the premisses as 
aforesaid. Wittnesse our hands and scales, hereunto 
sett, the Twenty third day of May Anno Domini. 1698. 
Anno q[u]e RRs Guliel. Tertij, Anglia &c. Decimo, 
Signed Sealed and Deliverd 

in presence of us. SamV* Sewall (Sigil). 

Nath^.^ Henchman* 
Baktholomew Green.' Hanah Sewall (Sigil). 



SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN IVE. 

, To Mr. John Ive. 

June 10, 1698. 

Sir, — I am obliged to you for the frequent Notices 
you give me, as to the poor Captives® in Algeer or Sally 
[Sallee]. I have inclosed 2 or 3 of Mf Cotton Mathers 

1 See Hist. Cat. Old South Church, Boston, 261. —Eds. 

« See Ibid., 348, 349. — Eds. 

« This is one of several references to what were for nearly three centuries 
the scourge and disgrace of the maritime nations of Europe, — the Barbary 
pirates. Towards the end of the seventeenth century, probably in conse- 
quence of the decline of the maritime power of Spain, and perhaps encour- 
aged by the success of the Turks against the Venetians and Austrians, they 
were very active. Sallee was the principal port for the Moors, as Algiers 
was for the Mediterranean pirates. Readers of Sewall's contemporary, Defoe, 
will remember that Robinson Crusoe was captured by a Sallee cruiser, and 
made his escape from that port. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 201 

Pastoral Letters which He has written to direct and 
comfort them. As I formerly wrote to you, you had 
best remit some of the Money in yom* hands to them 
for their Support. Thereby tis hoped the Bitterness of 
their Bondage may be mitigated. I have remaining in 
my hands about 60 pounds of N. E. Money, belonging 
equally to Yarmouth Thatcher, arid to Bull, which I am 
ready to pay upon Demand, when it shall be for their 
advantage. The Earl of Bellomont has been now more 
then two moneths at N. York. Our Gentlemen, Maj' 
Gen? Winthrope, Mr, Cooke, and Major Townsend, who 
went to complement his Excellency upon his Arrival, 
met with a kind Reception. [They] were sent by the 
Genl, Court. Tis feared his Lordship will hardly be here 
before August or Septem^.'. In the South West parts 
of the Province, or rather of N. England, there has been 
a great mortality of sheep and Net [neat] Cattell, by 
reason of the extraordinary Length and severity of the 
last Winter. Many Thousands of sheep are dead, and 
all sorts of meat very dear. The Lord give us, and 
enable us to receive the meat which perisheth not. I 
doubt not but in this Prayer you will heartily join with 

Sir, Yom* Humble Servt. 

S. Sewall. 

MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. Sam! Mather in London, p Seipsuniy June 10, 
1698. I send J Duz. Phaenomena by him. Give one to 
Mr. Stephen Mason, and another to Mr. Thomas Cotton, 
Madam Usher's Son in Law; the rest as you shall think 
fit — There goe the Ships l^"] the Churches saith Austin:^ 
Though the Orford be not Uke the Ship, your noble 
Grandfather, Mr. Cotton, and Company came over in, 
yet while you are on board, and some body else whom 

1 104. 26. 



202 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

I know not, I hope it may brook that character. Let 
Leviathan belong to Capt. Tue and his Company &c. 

To my dear Aunt, Mrs. AUce Dumer, Widow, with 
one of Mr. C. Mathers Letters, under covert to Cousin 
Storke. July 18, 1698. / shaU welcom your re/res/unff 
Letters — ^ 

To Mr. John Storke June 18, 1698. [You] Will I 
hope send your account in the fall. Goods very unven- 
dible. Not yet sold though have turnd many ways to 
doe it. In the mean time you have my Money in your 
hand. Let Mr. Burbank partake with you. Give my 
service to Mr. Goldwire, with one of the inclosed Letters. 
Give my Aunt her Letter. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Mr. Edward HuU. 

June 11-18, 1698. 

Your several Pacquets came safe. I am obliged to 
you for your Prints, especially the 3 Mercuryes.^ Our 
World yet remains barren of any considerable Births to 
be related to you. I have sent you my hopes in the 
Phaenomena. Please to accept of 4 or five more of 
them; that so if any were praatermitted formerly, they 

may now be remembred, especially of my cousins, with 

I . 

* Aunt Alice, her Answer March 3. 169f. 

^ This must refer to the "Athenian Mercury," a periodical published by 
John Dunton, the bookseller, and, according to Macaulay, *' merely discussed 
questions of natural philosophy, of casuistry, and of gallantry." There had 
been a London ** Mercury" in the days of the Exclusion Bill, but it was 
suppressed, and for years there was no newspaper in London except the 
** Gazette." On the expiration of the Licensing Acts, in 1695, many news- 
papers came into existence, but none bears the name of " Mercury," nor does 
there seem to have been a newspa'per of that name on the accession of Queen 
Anne, in 1702. See Macaulay's History of England, VII. 231, 232 ; Ashton's 
Social Life in the Reign of Queen Anne (2d ed.), 296. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 203 

excuse for the lateness; was in a hurry &c. Let Mr. 
Bellingham have one. We are surprised to hear of the 
Loss of Madam Bellingham.^ She left a Will in Mr. 
Hillers hand. He will take care to see it provd in due 
form, when hear more certainly of her death. There 
is now the more ileed that you and your friend should 
finish what is necessary on the attested Copy sent you; 
which please to doe, and send it over to me. It might 
be well to send a spare spring. Buy for me a piece of 
flowerd Lutestring qt. between 36 and fourty yards, 
with Triming, to make Gowns and petticoats for my 
Daughters. You must not exceed 5* per yard, and if 
you can get that which is tolerable good under that 
price you must ; for the War has lasted so long that it 
hath drained away our Money, though some at the same 
have made an estate. Have inclosed a 2^ Bill of Lading 
for £6. odd Money, with my watch to be mended and 
sent back. The Packets are by Mr. Mather, my good 
friend. I have desired him to buy 2 or 3 Books for 
me. Reimburse him if he call for any Money .^ 

S. S. 

MEMOnANDUM OF LETTER. 
Augt. 12, 1698. 

Writt a Letter of Friendship and Gratitude to Mr. 
Sam! Parris, enclosing what I spoke at the Desk at Cam- 
bridg[e] Augt. 11, 1674, on the Comencment day, be- 
fore I came to my Thesis. Having a little of History 
in it [I] hopd it might gratify him. If Mr. Noyes's 
Sermon had been out, I would have sent one. Am 
going to keep Court at Springfield, next Fifth day. 
When I return, Let me see you some times at my 
House. In the mean time pray that God would make 
my House to grow. S. S. 

^ See ante, p. 104, note. — Eds. * ^ Foy. 



204 LETTEB-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

^^ * 

To Mr, John Ive ^ Everton. 

Octob^ 28, 1698. 

Sir, — I am oblidgd by your frequent Letters and 
Gazetts, and could wish had more suitable returns. 
However, I know you will accept what our Country 
affords, a taste of which I have sent you in Mr. Noyes's 
Sermon, Which will send p M' James Taylor, the Son 
of a very worthy friend of mine. And he though young 
has reccoinended himself to those that know him. I do 
truely sympathize with you and Mrs. Ive respecting 
your Son who was seised with Death as he was fishing 
in Spie Pond at Cambridge. I pray God to Comfort 
you. And desire your Prayers for me that he would 
make my house to grow, and save my Children, and 
the children of N. England from temptations to sinj 
that they get not Dominion over them. Capt. Belchar 
made a honourable Funeral. I have inclosed Capt. 
Andrew Belchars Bill drawn on you for fifty Pounds, 
Sterling Money of England. Five and Twenty pounds 
must be carried to the Account of Thomas Thatcher of 
Yarm?; and Five and twenty pounds to the Credit of 
James Bull. And I desire and Order you to employ 
their Money for their Redemption; or for their Neces- 
sary subsistance which you shall judge most convenient 
and beneficial for them. 

I have inclosed a Coppy of a Letter Major Savage 
received from Cadiz relating to his Brother Pever, and 
couzen Thomas Thatcher of Boston. The Ballance is 
now to be bestowed on said Thatcher of Boston. I send 
the Copy that so you may be enabled to write to them, 
if their be Occasion. If this Thomas Thatcher should 
happen also to dye or Escape as John Halsey did, then 
Thomas Thatcher of Yarmouth, or any other New Eng- 
land Captive, must have the Remainder of the money. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 205 

Twould be a very noble undertaking for the English 
Nation for to Redeem these miserable Slaves; as it 
seems there is a Report of such a thing. 

Nov. 2. I received yours of Augt. 29, upon the last 
of October. Heavens animadversion on persecuting 
Turin is very observable and may be a signal of some 
Eminent Work of Divine Providence shortly to be Ac- 
complished. I have sent, p James Taylor, Three poimds 
and four shillings in ps. | which must be carried to the 
Credit of Thomas Thacher of Boston. It came out of 
due time; which occasions the lateness of your notice 
of it. S. S- 

K there be any Bounty-Money, use your endeavour 
that ours may share in it, which will be gratefully Ac- 
knowledged to you and to His Majesty and Council. 
Sent p the Kings Ship, Capt. Leader, the first Bill Ex- 
change and Major Savages Copy of his Letter. 

Sent the Second Bill by Capt. Everton. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD (1) HULL. 

To Cousin HvU by JEh)erton. 

Nov^ 3, 1698. 

I have yours by me. Letters and Prints, for which I 
return thanks. Mf Chauncy has sent me another Sett of 
Bills of Exchange for Twenty pounds Sterling Money of 
England drawn on Mf Charles Chauncy, Merch? in Bristol. 
I forwarded the first with a Letter of Advice, by His 
Majesty's Ship, the Deptford. This comes by Everton. 
He doubts not of a ready Complyance, and alledges, that 
this Kinsmans not b^ing able to find you, was the cause 
of its not being paid before now. As to Anthony Hey- 
woods, the Money you have in your hand of the Publick 
for him, you are to improve for his Subsistance or Re- 
demption as you shall judge most necessary and Con- 
venient. I am much concemd that the Clarks of Milford 



206 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

in Conecticut have not their Legacies sent them by MT 
Whitings Son in the Goods they Ordered; viz. 40 Brass 
Candlesticks of a middle Cise, 30 Duz. of Alchimy Spoons : 
the Remainder half in Pewter, and half in Brass; the 
Biggest Kettle not to exceed 20 or 24 Gallons ; and the 
biggest Pewter Platter not to exceed 18 Inches over; 
and a convenient number of Basins and Poringers. You 
were to keep the discharges in your own hand till this 
was performd, And therefore it not being done, I hope 
you have them by you still. The Goods are to be Con- 
signed to me for them. I am very sorry this Aflfair has 
hetherto failed under my hand. I must return again to 
the Captives in Barbary, and Pray you to use suitable 
Applications, that if there be any Bounty Money, Ours 
may share in it; Which I hope will be gratefully Ac- 
knowledged. 

I send the other p Mason because the Man of War has 
no Bagg. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr. Jh? Ive under Covert Mr. Jbs/iua Oee, ^ the Deptford^ Capt. 

Leader^ delivered to Mr. JBidHvafit. 

Nov! 4, 98. 

Sir, — The Bill of Exchange drawn on you by Mr. 
Andrew Belchar, dated Octob' 25, for One hundred and 
fifty pounds, Sterling Money of England, payable to me, 
or my order, must be placed to the Credit of Thomas 
Thacher of Yarmouth;^ which I desire and order you to 
doe. The Money and Credit that procured this Bill was 
raised in several ways ; and Account must be given of it, 
that it may be proportionably restored again to those 
who have advanced it, if it be not employed in the Re- 
demption of said Thomas Thacher of Yarm? or in his 
necessary succor and support. And for this reason it 
will be best to improve the publick Mpney in the first 

^ See March 29, 1699. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 207 

place, so far as it will goe. Mr. Gee knows the heart of 
a Captive, and strives to the uttermost in endeavouring 
to free his wives brother. I pray you to promote his 
charitable Christian endeavours, what lies in your power, 
that so the desired effect may be obtained. I earnestly 
entreat you, that if there be any publick method taken 
for the Redemption of Slaves out of Africa, you would 
strenuously move that ours may partake in the Benefit. 
James Bull saild out of Bristol, and may be reckond as 
much an English as New-Englishman. Praying God to 
assist your Humanity and Piety in this concern, I take 
leave, who am Sir, your humble Servh 
Sent the 21 by Capt. Mason. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN (?) STORKB. 

Boston, N. E., Nov. 14, 1698. 

Dear Cousin,^ — At last I bring your account of Mer- 
chandize sold for you here. The most part were improper 
for our Country; which rendred the sales troublesome 
and unprofitable for you and me, and occasioned this 
wearisome delay. The Ballance carried to your Credit 
is Seventy three pounds, ten shillings and three pence ; 
which pay your self out of my Rents at Lee Tenement 
in your hand. I have drawn a Bill of Ex[c]hange on 
you of Twenty nine pounds, nine shillings and nine 
pence. Sterling Money of England, payable to Mr. 
Thomas Burbank for the Ballance of his Account which 
fail not to accept and honour with punctual payment. 
It bears date the 3^ of this month. If the Ship I send 
these by should make any stay at the He of wight, I 
have desired MT James Taylor, the son of a very worthy 
friend of mine, to goe to Rumsey and adjust the Ac- 
count of my Rents with you ; which pray favour me and 
him in. 

1 Mr. Storke. 



208 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Our Sumer and Autumn have been Extraordinary for 
a continued Series of imoderate Rains; and yet it hath 
pleased God, wonderfully to provide for our Subsistence 
in sending a plentifull Harvest both English and Indian. 
The Indian War, which hath lasted full ten years, is we 
hope, now at an End. His Excellency the Earl of Bel- 
lomont, our Governour, was put off to Barbados by last 
winters Blasts. [He] Arrived at New York (three hun- 
dred mUes from this place) Apr? 1, where his Lordship 
has been ever since. And [I] suppose the Winter wether 
is now so far advancd, that [he] will compleat the year 
in that Province, and not come hither till Aprl or May 
Next. We are all well at Newbury, Rowley, Salem, and 
here. My Service to you and to my dear Cousin, your 
wife, from your Loving Kinsman and humble 

Servant Sam. Sewall. 



SAMUEL sewall TO THOMAS BURBANK. 
To Mr. Thomas Burbank. 

Boston, N. E., Nov. 14, 1698. 

I little thought when I received the Goods you sent 
me in the year 1695, that so much time should have 
passed before any Returns made. But the black Rashes 
were not vendable here. I usigd many ways to get a 
Market for them and am not fully paid for them to this 
day. The Stockings were very much overcharged as all 
said to whome I offered them. Tis a trouble to me that 
after all the pains I have taken you should come off a 
Looser. I have, inclosed, sent your Account and a Bill 
of Exchange drawn on Cousen Storke for £29-9-9, 
Sterling Money of England, being the Ballance, which 
I hope he will readily pay you out of my small rents. 
With this Account a young man may possibly visit you, 
who can give you certain information, of his own knowl- 
edge, how difficult it was to sell the Goods. Please to 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 209 

present my Service to your Son. I writt him several 
Letters; but I fear they all miscaried. 

I am Sir, Your Friend and Servant 

S. Sewall. 

MEMORANDUM. 
Account of Mr. Nbyes^s Sermons sent ^ Mr. Taylor. 

Mr. Edward Hull. Single Sir H. Ashhurst 2 

Madam Owen. With Epistle \ Mr. S. Mather 

Mr. Mason. and Sermon on > Mr, P. Dudley 

Mr. Ive. Mr. Baily ) Cous. AlUn. 

Mr. Glover, Cous. Brattle 

Sir H. Ashurst Mrs. Perry 

Sir W" Ashhurst. Mrs. Alice Dufaer 

1698, Novf 16. Cous. Storke. 
Deliver them with your own hand if you can. 



notice to quit. 

Copy of the Warning sent to H. Judd. 

Brother Roger Judd, — Tou may remember you 
began to live in my house Febf 8, 169f ; you were to 
abide there a year, and no more ; you have dwelt in it 
almost two whole years ; And now I canot let you have 
it any longer ; Of which I give you Warning, that so you 
may provide for yourself elswhere. If you could do it 
sooner, I should be glad. But I expect that you clear the 
house before the last of April next, at the furthest. 

Sam. Sewall. 

Boston, January 27, 169f . 

Sent it by John Cunable and Peter Weare the day of- 
the date at ten in the morning. 

VOL. I. — 14. 



210 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO ZACARIAH WALKER. 

Boston, Feb. 28, 169f . 

Mb. ZACARLA.H Walker. 

I writ you a large Letter quickly after the Death of 
your Honoured Mother ; which fell out in December, 95, 
above three years ago, And I do not remember that I 
ever Received any answer ; which I know not well how 
to interpret. From January 1, 169^, unto Dec. 21, 1695, 
I disbursed by your Order Twenty Eight pound. Eleven 
Shillings and four pence, of which I have received at 
twice. Eight pounds, so that £20: 11 4. remains due to 
me for the ballance. Which I now want and desire you 
to procure it for me in a short time. I have inclosed 
one of Mr. Noyes's Sermons for you. My Service to 
Mrs. Walker from Sir, your friend and Servant, 

Sam. Sewall. 

samuel sewall in account with thomas thacher. 

Accowit of Money collected /or Thomas Thacher of Yarmouth^ given 

me by Mr. Joshua Chcy March 29, 1699. 

By his Relations 50-0-0 

By Joshua Gee 50-0-0 

By Mrs. Copp and Gill 39- 5-2 

By Hingham 10-7-0 

By Barnstable 8-14-0 

By Sandwich 3-8-0 

By Yarmouth, Eastham, Harwich 16- 5-0 

By Judith Thacher 9-11-0 

By a friend 0- 7-0 

£187-17-2 
Bills [of] Exchange 202-10- 
deduct 187. 17- 2 

Rests 14. 12-10 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 211 



MEMORANDA. 
New-Port on Rho ad-Island, April 22, 1699. 

These are to certify that Nath! Niles of Kingston in 
the Colony of Rhoad Island, did on the day abovesaid 
deliver into my possession Two thousand, one hundred 
and ninety eight pieces of Eight, or DoUers ; the which 
the said Niles did declare he received of three particular 
persons, and had passd his Obligation for the same. But 
since which said Niles understanding them to be Pirats, 
or persons suspected of Piracy, was the cause of his dis- 
covery of the same to me, as he hath declared. Yet 
nevertheless have seen cause to put the said Niles under 
bonds with good Security to answer what shall be found 
against him in behalf of His Majestie. 

Sam^ Cranston. Govt 



COPY of CUNABELL'S DIRECTIONS TO MR. PETER COFFIN FOR 

PLANK AND BOARDS. 

1000. Plank 2 inches thick. 
3000. of inch and ^ boards. 

5000. of inch Boards. Let the stuff come as the Trees 
yield it, good and bad together, and it will serve our turn. 

May 15, 1699. 
Inclosd in a Letter of May l&K 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 
Copy of a Letter to Mr, Jnt Zyc, ^ Mr. Huhhard^ in Capt Foster. 

June 27, 1699. 

Sir, — I have your Letters and Accounts of the Cap- 
tives and Money remitted to you for them, and am very 
thankf uU that you are so often thinking of them. As to 
the Money, that is to be returned hither, if not improved 
in the Redemption of Thomas Thatcher of Yarmouth, I 
pray you to read over again mine of November, 4, 1698, 
where there is particular mention made of it. 



212 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

The Earle of Bellomont, our Govemour, came to this * 
place the 26 day of May last past; was then pretty much 
excersised with the Gout, but is now so far recovered as to 
be able to Walk, and his Lordship sits in Council almost 
every day and presides in a manner very satisfactory to 
the whole General Court. I have sent you the Speeches 
and an Excellent Sermon of Mf Mathers and another of 
Mr. Willards, at the preaching of both which My Lord 
and Lady were pleased to be Auditors. The Spring and 
Summer have hitherto been very seasonable ; but now we 
have following Rains rather to excess. I am thankfull 
for your care in Mf Bellinghams matter. The Parch- 
ments are not yet upon Record, and so I cannot send you 
an attested Coppy. If they be not in a short time re- 
corded, I will endeavour to take such a Copy as I can. 
In the mean time I rest 

Sir, Your humble Serv* 

S. Sewall. 

memoranda. 

To Cousin Hull July 10, 1699, in Answer of his dated 
Apr. 24*? with Earnest Entreaty to pay the Redemption- 
Money without fail, and advise to purchase Christ, the 
pearl of great price, which now may be more capable to 
doe than if had all the Riches of Asia and America. 

Octobr 3, 1699. Letter to Cousin Storke, by Green, 
in Answer to his of June 9, and his Account made up by 
Mr. Taylor and now sent. Peter Warren died at Nevis 
the last Sumer. Brother Jn? Sewall died Augt. 8, aetatis ^ 
45. 

Oct! 4, 1699. To Mr. Taylor of Westfield, inclosing 
his Son's. Bro' J. Sewall died Lamented Augt. 8, 1699. 
Son, and Daughters H. E. 

Mr. Little ordained at Plim*? Oct! 4, 99. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 213 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO HIS DAUGHTER ELISABETH. 

Boston, Octob^ 26, 1699. 

Elisabeth, — Mr. Hirst ^ waits on you once more to see 
if you can bid him welcom. It ought to be seriously con- 
sidered, that your drawing back from him after all that 
has passed between you, will be to your Prejudice ; and 
will tend to discourage persons of worth from making 
their Court to you. And you had need well to consider 
whether you be able to bear his final Leaving of you, 
howsoever it may seem gratefull to you at present. 
When persons come toward us, we are apt to look upon 
their Undesirable Circumstances mostly; and thereupon 
to shun them. But when persons retire from us for 
good and all, we are in danger of looking only on that 
which is desirable in them, to our wofuU Disquiet. 
Whereas tis the property of a good Balance to turn 
where the most weight is, though there be some also in 
the other Scale. I do not see but the Mj^tch is well 
liked by judicious persons, and such as are your Cordial 
Friends, and mine also. 

Yet notwithstanding, if you find in yourself an imov- 
able, incurable Aversion from him, and canot love, and 
honour, and obey him, I shall say no more, nor give you 
any further trouble in this matter. It had better be off 
than on. So praying God to pardon us, and pity our 
Undeserving, and to direct and strengthen and settle you 
in making a right Judgment, and giving a right Answer, 
I take leave, who am, Dear Child, 

your loving father. 

Your Mother remembers to you. 

^ Grove Hirst. He ultimately married Elizabeth (or Betty) SewaU. 
Sewall's Diary, I. 502, 503. — Eds. 



214 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

SAMUEL SEW ALL TO THOMAS BRIDGE.i 
Copy of a Letter to Mr, Thomas Bridge at Cohanzy^ in West 

New Jersey. NovT 13, 1699. 

Sir, — I have been informed that you have a great 
desire to be serviceable to the Interest of our Lord Jesus 
Christ in America; which emboldens me to send you a 
small Disquisition I published two years ago, to examin 
the hard opinion that some had taken up concerning the 
New World, as if the Destruction, and not Conversion of 
its Inhabitants was to be expected. If you meet with 
any thing in it that may divert you, I shall be glad ; and 
if there be any thing worthy of your farther enquiry pro 
or con^ I shall be ready to give you all the satisfaction I 
can. Praying God to prosper you in your endeavours for 
the enlarging of Christ's Kingdom, and desiring your 
Prayers for me and my family, and this Province, I take 
leave, who am. Sir, though unknown, 

your friend and Serv? Sam": Sewall. 

I forward these by the hand of Mr. Shepard of Wood- 
bridge. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANAEL HIGGINSON.s 

Copy of a Letter to Mr, Nathanael Iliggin^on at Madrasse near 

Fort S* George in the East Indies,^ 

Boston, N. Exgland, Nov. 18, 1699. 

Sir, — The World we live in is so very Evil by reason 
of Sin and Mortality that you will not be offended if I 

^ Afterwards assistant minister of the First Cliurch. See Ellis's History 
of First Church, 100. —Eds. 

^ Cohansey was the original name of the country about Bridgeton (an- 
ciently Bridge Town) in Cumberland County, New Jersey, probably named 
from the family of Sewall's correspondent. — Eds. 

• Nathaniel Higginson, H. C. 1670, son of the Rev. John Higginson, of 
Salem, was bom in 1052. He was at this time Governor of the English Fac- 
tory at Fort St. George, or Madras, having succeeded Elihu Yale, the founder 
of Yale College, and he in turn was succeeded by Thomas Pitt, grandfather 
of the great Earl of ChatUam. He never returned home, but died in London 
in 1708, and was buried in Bow Church. For an interesting account of him, 
see Sibley's Graduates of Harvard University, II. 315; also Sewall's Diary, 
I. 499, note. — Eds. 

* Mr. Matthew Collet Linendrap^ at the Artichoak on Comhill London. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 215 

begin my Letter with the mention of it. Capt. John 
Appleton^ the great ornament of Ipswich, died the 4^ cur- 
rent, being about 78 years old. The Next day, Nov. 5, 
died Thomas Danforth Esqr.^ aged about 77. The L? Gov- 
ernour Stoughton paid a great respect to his memory, in 
his Speech to the grand Jury Nov! 7 at our court at 
Boston. And indeed a great deal of the first ways of 
N. E. seem to be buried with him. As to my Fathers 
Family there were three Brothers and 5 sisters of us, and 
no more. We lived together upward of 30 years, and 
now we are broken in upon. My Brother John Sewall 
died August 8, 1699 and my sister Hannah Tappin Nov. 
12^, in the 45*!" and 51 years of their Age. My Wife 
and I have had 13 children ; 5 sons and three Daughters 
we have buried ; 2 Sons and 3 Daughters are still living 
with us. I earnestly desire your Prayers for them that 
they may Live unto God ; and that their Sinf uU Sorrow- 
full Parents, after so many concerning Fimerals, may not 
be found unready for their own. Our Superiour Court 
consists of a Chief Justice, W? Stoughton Esqr,^ and of 
four Justices; Danforth, Winthrop,* Cooke,^ Sewall. The 
Lt. GovT by reason of the Stone or some such like Chron- 
ick Distemper being unable to Travail so far, W. C. S. 
went to Salem Nov. 14 to hold the Court there. Nov. 15, 
your aged Father® honoured us with his Company at 
Diner, and in Craving a Blessing demonstrated that he 

* For an account of Captain John Appleton, see Jewett's Memorial of 
Samuel Appleton, 13 ff. — Eds. 

^ Sewall's colleague on the bench of the Superior Comrt. See below. 
Sewall's friend and correspondent, John Walley, was appointed his suc- 
cessor. — Eds. 

* Stoughton, according to a bad practice not unfrequent in colonial times, 
combined the offices of Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice, as Hutchinson 
did sixty years later. — Eds. 

* Wait Winthrop, afterward Chief Justice. — Eds. 

* Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 

® The Rev. John Higginson, son of the Rev. Francis Higginson, and like 
him minister of Salem. He died in 1708, aged 02. — Eds. 



216 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

had been a very intelligent and dilligent Auditor of Mr. 
Noyes, who preached an excellent Assize Sermon from 
the 6 and 7 verses of the 45 Psalm. The heart of your 
Rev^ Father is much in it, that you would return to your 
Native Country again, and here spend your life and Es- 
tate. I hardly know of a place more healthy than this 
is ; and what greater Commendation can there be of any 
Country ? And you may be as likely to maintain or in- 
crease your Estate here as else where. And in my poor 
oppinion, you may lay out yourself and Estate to more 
advantage for the glory of God, in N. E. then any where 
else in the whole Universe. And we must, within a while, 
finally make up our Accounts with God. I have been 
lately gratified with the knowledge of your state by your 
letter to L? Col. Higginson ^ and by conference with Capt. 
GuUock, who comes hither to look after his Sunk Ships. 
A considerable part of the money is recovered, and most 
of the men in hold. By his Excellency's great dilligence. 
Cap* Kid,^ Bradish, and Gillam (who basely murdered 
Cap? Edgecora) are in Irons in our Goal. I long for the 
time when the Earth and Sea shall be cleared of such 
professed Enemies of God and man. If the Urgency of 
your Affaires would allow you, I should be much oblidged 
by some Information from you, how your aboriginal Na- 
tives stand possessed of the Hebdomadal Revolution, and 
whether they call the days of the Week by name, or by 
number, or both. And whether the same order be retained 
with them as with us ; whether our first day of the Week 
be their first day of the week? Whether there be not 
some Indicia whereby one may know that the Inhabitants 

1 John Higginson, an elder brother of Nathaniel, a successful merchant, 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Essex regiment, and for eighteen years a member 
of the Council. He died in 1719, aged 73. The later generations of thia 
old Salem family descend from him. — Eds. 

^ Captain William Kidd, the famous buccaneer. For an account of him, 
and of Bellomont's connection with him, see SewalPs Diary, 11. 8, note 3; 
and Dr. Hale's paper in the Memorial Hiutory of Boston, IT. 173. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. ' 217 

of China or Japan did bundle up their time in Weeks be- 
fore the Arrival of Christians there ? Whether any Sab- 
bath and what day? And how the Christian Religion 
thrives among the Natives ; whether they readily enter- 
tain it or whether they generally neglect it with the same 
Obstinacy that Ours doe here. ^ ^ ^ ^ And yet we have 
a sprinkling of true converts. Mr. Stoughton our L' Govf ^ 
presents his Service to you, and heartily joins with those 
who solicit your Return hether. My humble Service to 
you, and to Madam Higginson, though unknown. Sir, as 
long as the three stars continue to make the obtuse Angle 
in the Heavens, I am your assured friend. 



BIEMORANDA. 



Novf 28, 1699. writt to Mr. N. Noyes inclosing a Copy 
of his Antithesis to Res Antichristiana &c. and giving an 
account of the Tragedies, the Ecclesiastical Manifesto is 
like to usher in, if God prevent not. Telling him tis the 
Provinces concern — feel it to be yours ; Help with your 
Prayers, Tears, Advice. Me thinks tis an undeniable call 
for your being in Town next Thorsday, a Debate being 
apointed after Lecture. &c. &c. 

Nov! 30, 1699. To Capt. Thomas Carter under covert 
of Mr. Daniel Oliver. Received the Memorandums to 
Content [?]. P[aid] Mr. D. Oliver the Balance of your 
Account ; writt largely of Eben. Mountf ord, 

^ It is worthy of notice that in his diary and in his correspondence Sewall 
seldom, if ever, gives to his colleagues the title of Chief Justice or Judge. 
Where they held other offices he calls them by those titles, whether civil or 
military, as the Lieutenant-Governor, Mr. Secretary, Major General Win- 
throp, and Major Walley. If they held no other office, it was Mr. Cooke, 
Mr. Richards. He himself when Chief Justice was known frequently by his 
military position as captain of the Artillery Company. — Eds. 



218 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Sums mentioned in Mrs. Pierson's Mortgage. 

Mr. Jn°Eyre 46-13-8 

S. Shrimpton 20-0-0 

S. Sewall 47-13-6 

A. Winthrop 25-0-0 

B. Alford 30-1-0 

E. Shipen, Attorney of Nath. Colson .... 31-12-4 

Edw. Hunlock 29-2-8 

Benj. Walker 15- 0-0 

Janf 24, 168|. £245- 3-2 

Febr. 26. 169f pd to me ) 

Adam Winthrop J 5-0-0 

Eyre 46-13-8 



ACCOUNT OF SAND FROM COTTON HILL GIVEN MB BT MR. 

THO. WALKER AND HENRY MILLS, FEBR. 28, I699/1700 ^OR 
ONE YEAR, 1099. 

William Clough 43 

Mr. Thomas Clark 40 

Richd. Keats 09 

Tho. Atkins 17 

Jn? Gooding 15 

Joshua Gee 3 

W"? Manly 2 

Mrs. Gross 5 

Mr. Cornwell, 7. Capt. Crick 1 8 

Wm. Gibbon 9. Jn? Bridges 2 11 

James Meers 3. Oliver and Maccarty 2 . . . . 5 

Rich. Iluiiy^ell 7. Thomas Baker 5 12 

Deacon Barnard and Haugh 2 

Ebenezer Cloy and Arthur Hale 13 

Belknap 3. Sewall 1 4 

Pollard and Hawkins 2 

Obadia Wakefield 2. Sam Engs 2 __4 

Total of the Loads of Sand this year 195 

For which they paid me the day above-written. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 219 



MEMORANDUM. 

Boston, N. E., March 2, \^^. 

Capt. Nathan? Byfield,^ Capt. Jer. Dumer^ and Capt. 
Andrew Belchar^ Let the warehouse, Kid's Goods were in, 
to James Taylor* to pay after the Rate of Twelve pounds 
p anum: To give Capt. Byfield the Refusal when he 
leaves it. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr. John Ive ^ the Advice, 

Boston, March 8, if J^. 

Sir, — The other halfe Sheet contains a Copy of Mrs. 
Elisa. Bellinghams Deed to me; and by another Instru- 
ment of the Same date, she ordered Mr. Edw. Hull and 
Mr. John Shelton to assure the Land to me which she 
had conveyed. And accordingly the said Edw. Hull and 
John Shelton,^ by a Deed dated the twenty Sixth of Sep- 
tember 1698, did grant bargain Sell Aliene, Enfeoff Re- 
lease and confirme unto me the said parcel of Land, to 
have and to hold, to me and my and my [sic] Heirs for- 
ever; Which I hope is a firm conveyance in the Law. 
Yet because Madam Bellingham is so soon Snatchd away 

1 Nathaniel Byfield held several important offices, and was judge of Admi- 
ralty during the provincial period. Sewall's Diary, II. 45, n., 233, n. and 
III. 5, n. He was superseded in 1715 and reappointed in 1728-9, holding 
the office until his death in 1733. — Eds. 

^ Jeremiah Dummer, the father of Jeremy Dummer, agent for Massachu- 
setts and Connecticut, — for the former province from 1710 to 1721. He was 
a cousin of Sewall. Sewall's Diary, II. 393 and note; also Ibid. HI. 5, 
n., and 53, n. — Eds. 

* See Sewall's Diary, III. 146, n., 160, n. and Mem. Hist, of Boston, 11. 
57, n. — Eds. 

^ Sewall's Diary, III. 94, n. For a full account of Taylor and his descend- 
ants see Ibid. 121, n. — Eds. 

^ Hull and Shelton were the Trustees under the ante-nuptial agreement 
entered into between Dr. Samuel Bellingham and Elizabeth Savage, his second 
wife, as set forth in the note on page 104. — Eds. 



220 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

and some trouble has arisen thereupon between her friends 
and Mr. Bellingham's, I should be glad if you could pro- 
cure a Release from Mr. Bellingham or his Daughter, or 
both, as shall be requisite.^ Let it be Acknowledgd be- 
fore the Ld. Mayor if you can. I was to have had a Bill 
of Exchange from Oporto of Seventy or 80 pounds, but 
some unfair dealings there curtaild it. I sent you a Cata- 
logue of Books, to buy for me. Tis like you will have 
bought them before this comes to hand, or else I would 
have you abate Clarks Bibles, and of others so, as to 
send no more than you have ready money of mine in 
your hand to pay for. I thank you for Mercury and 
Gazett by Foster, who arrivd at Nantasket, Feb. 29. So 
long as it remains a firm truth that Pride goes before 
Destruction, we may well hope and pray for the overthrow 
of the Fr [ench] Pharaoh ;^ and that the impudent Cardi- 
nals will shortly be shaken out of their Armed Chairs ; 
and that God will Spoyl their Jubilee,^ and, it may be, 
make it their last. I send this by his Maj: Ship, the 
Advice, Capt. Wynn, Comand!, whom I wish well to you, 
with his great charge of Prysoners and • Treasure ; * and 
that the Extraordinary Dilligence and faithfullness of 
those in the Government here in seising and sending 
both may be accepted.^ We have had a long time of 

1 See ante p. 104, n. — Eds. 

' Louis XIV. So referred to in Dryden's ''Absalom and Achito- 
phel." — Eds. 

' 1700 was a Jubilee year in the Roman Catholic Church. What at this 
time stirred up the ire of Sewall against Louis XTV. it is hard to say, for 
just then the relations between William III. and the French king were 
particularly cordial. — Eds. 

^ The prisoners referred to are undoubtedly Captain Kidd and his 
associates, and the treasure mentioned is probably the same which is 
alluded to in the preceding memorandum as stored in SewalPs warehouse. 
— Eds. 

* The extraordinary diligence in seizing and sending home Capt. Eidd 
and his men for trial were timely acts of the colonial government, if there is 
any truth in the charge of complicity contained in the following letter written 
to a member of Parliament twelve days later. And the suggestions for the 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 221 

health in this Town. K Adm! Bourbon [?] should come 
hither, we are afraid what the effects of it may be. The 
Lord Keep us and you. 

Sir, your Humble Serv*. 

Sam. Sewall. 

SAMUEL sewall TO REV. THOMAS COTTON. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr, Thomas Cotton in Maiden-Laney in St. 
Oiks' Sy next door to Mr. Bead* 8 Meetinghouse^ $ his Maf. Ship^ 
the Advice Capt. Wynn. 

March 19, 1699/7oo. 

Reverd Sir, — Yours of May 18, 1696, 1 received Nov5 
21, and gave you an Answer Novf 23, inclosing a Copy of 

suppression of illegal trade read very much like those which emanated from 
Bernard and other royal governors just before the American Revolution. 

A LETTER to a Member of Parliament concerning the Suppression of Piracy. 

London, March 20. im. 
SIR, 

I Cannot but think it my duty (perceiving that your Honourable House 
is considering of means for the preventing and punishing both Pyrats and 
illegal Traders) to give you a short hint of the Reasons why they have 
grown to a greater heigth in the English than in other Colonies on the Main 
of America^ and a Proposal for the future prevention of them. 

It may be almost needless to acquaint you that several of our American 
Plantations are like petty Soveraigntys, having the Choice of Governours, the 
Power of calling Assemblies, making Laws, raising Mony by some former 
Grants from the Crown, or at least the pretensions of them. 

Each of these, Interest being their chief Mover, are restlessly ambitious 
of advancing their Estates by drawing away the Trade and Inhabitants from 
other Colonies that are contiguous to them, and more especially from those 
that are under the immediate direction of the Crown, as the Proprietary 
Colonies to the Westward, from the Colonies of NewYork and New England. 

In order to this they vie with each other, who shall allow their People the 
greatest Privileges, or most exempt them from any Customs or Duties on 
Goods exported or imported; which the King's Governments, especially New 
York, cannot avoid, it being a most' necessary Supply for the maintenance of 
the Government, the guard of the Frontiers from the Insults of those Indians 
that otherwise would prove fatal in time of War, not only to them but to the 
neighbouring Colonies. 

Hence it is that in all the Proprietary Colonies the People pretend to an 
absolute exemption from Customs and Duties, but what is bid by Act of 



222 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

the Mortgage. Probably that Letter miscarried, because 
I have heard nothing of it. I entered into a Secund 

Parliament in England, and in most to the Choice of all Officers both Civil 
and Military, in some not excepting the Council nor the Governour. 

These Officers thus annually chosen, endeavour to do nothing that may dis- 
oblige their Electors, lest the next year they are deprived of their Dignities. 

The Inhabitants of the Plantations abroad are too nmch addicted to abet 
and encourage botli Pyrats and illegal Traders, as the Persons that they 
gain no small advantage by corresponding with. 

Hence it is that these Criminals meet with their Encouragement, those 
Officers that should apprehend, being but too negligent of their Duties, and 
this from personal Advantages and Gains they receive by them, or through 
fear of the People by whose favour they stand. 

The Remedies then seem to be plain and easy, the Hill already read in 
your Honourable House will undoubtedly give a very great discouragement to 
Piracy, tho illegal Trade still remains to be suppressed, the Duties accruing 
to the King to be more effectually preserved, and the Frontiers of the Gov- 
ernment better protected against foreign Insults; which I am humbly of opin- 
ion might be done, if in the Bill that yet lies before you for the punishing 
of Governours, j*c. you would be pleased by some Clause, 

To lay all the Colonies on the Continent of A7nerica, that carry on the 
same Methods of Trade, under the same equal Customs on Goods exported 
and imported, for the maintenance of their distinct Governments, or «the 
defraying a more general Charge. 

To cause that the Confusion and Anarchy which now so much prevails 
in some of the Colonies (insomuch that the Council in their Letters home 
complain they are hardly safe in their Persons or Estates, if by a due and 
vigorous execution of the Law against Pyrats or illegal Traders, they should 
incense the People against them) may be succeeded by an exact obedience 
to their superiour Officers, which cannot be expected, until a greater Authority 
than any Proprietary Commission shall appear there. 

That to obtain this (since Property may be alledged by some, and a right 
of commissionating and sending of Governours, which they seem to be so 
fond of, that the most plain Arguments drawn from the inevitable necessity 
thereof, their own Profit and Advantage, the Peace and Prosperity of tho 
People, and the entire Suppression of I'yracy, §'c. cannot prevail) I hope you 
will be instrumental in finding out some ways to bring all these Colonies to 
a more immediate dependence on the Crown, by giving the King the Nomi- 
nation and Commissionating of the Governoui's and Officers Civil and Military 
in the respective Colonies, and yet reserving all the Rights and Properties 
that either the Proprietors at home, or the People there may have to the 
Lands or Plantations in the said Colonies by virtue of their former Grants 
from the Crown. I am SIR, Your most humble Servant, J. B. 

The foregoing document, which may be found in the Boston Public 
Library, is a folio broadside of one page, with the following printed en- 
dorsement: A Letter to a Member of Parliament concerning the Suppression 
of Piracy, — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 223 

Course of Law DecT 18, 1697, and have continued in it 
ever since. One while there could not be a number of 
Justices (which is Three) because the plaintiff and De- 
fendant were members of the Court. In 1698 the Court 
was adjourned by Anticipation ; two of the Justices being 
sent to New- York to congratulat my Lord Bellomont's 
Arrival there, from Barbados last. And finally, in Nov' 
1699, although the Lt. Gov' Stoughton was anew made 
chief Justice, yet there were but just Three: for Mr. 
Justice Danforth,' (who had been a good friend to Madam 
Usher,) departed this Life Novf 5, two days before the sit- 
ting of the Court. In April 1699, as soon as the Jury had 
brought in their verdict for me, the Court was taken 
away by orders from England, certifying the disallow- 
ance of the Act^ by vertue of which they sat. Upon the 
hearing of this Verdict, Major Tyng, by his Attorney, 
imediately desired a chancery of the Mortgage. The 
Actions then depending, were, by a Law made on pur- 
pose, revived and continued to Novf Court 1699. And 
then, upon my motion, in open Court, Judgment was 
entered up for me. But Major Tyng's Attorney made 
no prayer for a Chancery, as [he] had don in April, but 
demanded an Apeal to his Majesty in Council,^ which was 

^ Besides holdiDg the office of justice for forty years, Danforth was 
deputy goveraor and filled many other important positions daring the colo- 
nial period. SewalPs Diary, I. 501. — Eds. 

^ In November, 16^2, the provincial assembly of Massachusetts established 
various courts of judicature, which administered the laws until the disallow- 
ance of the act which had created them by the Privy Council in 1695. Accord- 
ing to Washburn (Jud. Hist, of Mass. 151 et seq.)y the act was disallowed 
simply because it provided for a Court of Chancery. But the primai*y rea- 
son at all events, if not the only reason, according to Palfrey (Hist, of New 
Eng, IV. 172 et seq.), differs from the foregoing. The latter states that the 
act was objected to because ** departing from the words of the charter, it 
restricted the right of appeals to the Privy Council to personal actions in- 
volving a sum exceeding three hundred pounds. Provincial Acts and Re- 
solves, I. 73, 76; comp. 217." — Eds. 

' It was some time before a judicial system was established satisfactory 
to the Privy Council in England. Besides the question of Chancery juris- 



• 



224 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

allowed. I have sent you a Copy of the Bond, though 
not attested. It is not certain whether he will pursue 
his Apeals or no. However, I thought it necessary to 
send you a Copy of the Case, that so you may be in a 
readiness. There has been some Discourse of Agreement, 
both as to this Debt, and Madam Usher's claim of 
Dower in the remainder of the real estate. Six hundred 
and fifty pounds, I think. Major Tyng would agree to 
give, to make an end of all. But [he] would pay but 
£150. down and mortgage the ruinous house and Garden 
again, for the remaining five hundred pounds : and that 
is more than any person will give for it, that I know of, 
Besides the vexation of going to Law again, if default of 
payment should hapen. For tis seldom that any here do 
enter upon mortgaged Land, without comencing a Suit. 
And it is to be considered, that Madam Ushers most in- 
disputable claim of Thirds, is out of this house and Gar- 
den, purchased and built by her late Husband. Upon 
Madam Ushers desire, I have thoughts of taking out 
Execution. For if a 12-° slip away, we shall be put to 
the trouble of a Scire facias. Must give in Bond with 
Sureties, if [we] take out execution, as you may see p 
the Charter. It would be well for you to send me a 
Letter by the first Ship, and let me know your Senti- 
ments, and what counsel you have that may be behoof- 
full. John Simkins, one of the witnesses to our Letter 
of Attorney, is to be heard of at the house of Mr, William 
Crouch, in Crown-Court in Grace-Church Street. James 
Edmundson is clerk to Capt. Wynn, Captain of the Advice 
Frigott. Mr. Edw. Bromfield and Mr. Nicholas Roberts 
are Merchants well known here and in England. Edw. 
Turfrey is Mr. Addington's clerk, and the Scribe, What- 

diction, the dispute continued in regard to appeals to the Privy CouncU, the 
General Court seemingly being reluctant to give the same appeal as was 
provided for by the Charter. Palfrey's Hist, of New Eng. IV. 172-174. — 
Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 225 

soever the success be, I can truly say, I have travelled in 
this longsom business, as if Madam Usher had been my 
Sister or Mother. And now my cousin Quinsey* and I 
have constituted your self and Madam Cotton our At- 
torneys; being well assured that your Interest and Re- 
lation will oblige you to all faithfull diligence. I pray 
God to give a comfortable Issue. My paper is not out, 
and the storm will delay the Ship, which puts me upon 
hinting to you Major Tyng's Allegations against Madam 
Ushers Dower in the estate, that belonged to Mr. Heze- 
kiah Usher the Father; which is this: Say they. The 
estate is insolvent, and the Debts and Legacies of Mr. 
Hezekiah Usher, the Father, must be first satisfied, before 
the widow of Hezekiah Usher, the son, can claim her 
Dower. To which it is answered, That Mr. Hez. Usher 
junT is principal Legatee, in his Fathers will, eldest son, 
and one of the . Executors ; And the very house and 
Warehouse, (which are by far the most valuable,) given 
to Madam Ushers late husband; And a very plentifuU 
Estate left, and I supose was so when the Legatees came 
of Age. And it seems inconvenient, that they should 
neglect to recover their Legacies in season, and now 
think to pinch them out of the widows Dower .^ Madame 
Usher brought an Action for her Dower, and was Non- 
suited. Intends to begin again next Court. They will 
make a noise about some differences between Mr. Usher 
and his wife; and her staying so long from him in Eng- 
land; But I think that will be an Unpleasant Sound, and 
no more. I intend to send these by the Post, as being 
the surest way. My Service to your self and Madam 

Cotton, from Sir, 

your humble Serv? S. S. 

1 *< Cousin Quincy" was no relation of Sewall. As mentioned in the 
Diary (I. xxiii), he frequently alludes to his wife's relations as though they 
were his own. — Eds. 

^ Is it possible that we have here an actual case like the one imagined by 
Mr. U. H. Crocker in his «* History of a Title ? " — £db. 

TCI* I. — 16. 



226 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Dr. Leonard Hoar died worth about a Thousand 
pounds, N. E. Money. 

In Appeals we put in what new evidence we please. 

Inelosd Dr. Hoar's Will, and an Abstract of Mr. Hez. 
Usher, the Father, his will. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr. John Ive. 

March 9, 1699,-700. 

Mr. John Ive. 

Favour me in delivering the inclosed packet to Mr. 
Cotton, with your own hand ; or to his wife, who is the 
daughter of Madam Bridget Usher. Please to ask the 
Postage of them. K they scruple it, place it to my Ac- 
coimt. I writt to you of Yesterday's Date. 

Sir, your most humble Serv! 

Boston, N. E., March 9, ^^, S. S. 

N. The Packet weigh Six and Twenty N. E. Shillings. 

Sabbath-day, March 10*>», 1699/^^^ 

Capt. Rob* Wynn sails early in the morning with a fair 
wind. Comes to at Nantasket, and sails from thence a little 
after noon. 

BiEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Mr. Israel Chauncey. 

Apr. 2, 1700. 

In answer to his of March 19 Sent an abstract of mine 
dated FebT 28, 1698/9; balance due is 20-11-4. of which 
have received none. I sent a copy of Mr. Walkers Order 
to me and his Obligation for the maintainance of his 
Mother. Hope shall be no longer delay in paying such 
a debt. Send me Word when my friend died. If Mrs. 
Walker will take £ 7-0-0 for Poles Synopsis Criticorum,* 

1 Poole's (M) Synopsis Criticorum Alionimque S. Scripturae Interpretum. 
Londini, 1669-1676. 4 v. iu 5 fo. There is a copy in the Prince Coll., 
Boston Public Library. — £ds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 227 

I will buy them. Mrs. Walker pay the frait, and I will 
run the venture of the Sea. Yellow-Substanc raind.^ 



DAKIEN EXFEDITION* 

To tfie surviving Ministers sent by the Church of Scotland to 

Caledonia, 

Boston, N. E., April 8, 1700. 

Rever? Sirs, — I heartily eongratulat your safe Ar- 
rival in this Continent, where I pray God to defend you 
against every Adversary and evil Oceurrent. I have sent 
you four American Prints, hoping the reading of them 
may be a Recreation to you now, at so remote a distance 
from the Company and Books of Scotland. I cant but 
revolve in my mind between whiles, the Synchronisme 
there was between my Meditation, and the Scots Action. 
In the year 1696 An Account of the Company of Scotland 
Trading to Africa, and the Indies, was printed at Edin- 
burgh. That very Sumer I would fain have had the fol- 
lowing Question held at our Comencment at Cambridge ; 
viz : Ees AntichrisUana in America^ Est Euphraies iUe Apoca- 
lypticus in quem Angelus Sexlus effundU phialam suam?^ When 

1 At a meeting of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences held on 
Dec. 9, 1856, in the course of a discussion relating to volcanic eruptions, the 
well known fact of ashes being carried to great distances and scattered over 
vast regions, was referred to by the President, the late Dr. Jacob Bigelow. 
It is possible that the deposit mentioned in the text may have originated in 
the same way. — Eds. 

* This letter refers to the unfortunate attempt of the Scotch to found a 
colony named Caledonia on the Isthmus of Darien. For a full account of it 
we must refer the reader to Macaulay's remarkable description in his History 
of England, Vol. VIII. pp. 195-229. Sewall's interest in it was largely 
owing, doubtless, to the intention that the colony should be founded on 
the Solemn League and Covenant, and that no ** Malignant," or •* Gallio ** 
was to have a share in it. Before the date of his letter the Spanish Gov- 
ernor of the neighboring provinces had compelled the last remnant of the 
ill-fated expedition to leave the country. The ministers were probably Alex- 
ander Shields and John Borland, of the first of whom Macaulay says that 
** in his zeal for the Covenant he had forgotten the Gospel." The second 
wrote an account of the expedition. See SewalFs Diary, I. 496, n. — Eds. 

» Seeonie, 163. — Eds. 



228 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

this did not take, I printed a pretty many Copies of the 
Question (four of which are passed to the Phaenomena) 
and sent them to learned Men of my Acquaintance who 
gave me long and elaborat Answers by way of Opposi- 
tion. To these I replied, and shewed wherein their 
Answer was not satisfactory to me. And at last, to ease 
myself of the toil of Writing, and to give a more full 
account of my Sentiments concerning America, I printed 
this little Disquisition. In the 24*? page, you may see 
mention made of the Sixth Angel. It was above a year 
after the printing this, before 1 heard the least inkling of 
the Scots Company. So soon as I was informd of it, and 
of their Expedition to Darien, I Said within my self Surely 
the Company of Scotland is the Sixth Angel ; And within 
this week, I am confirmed in my Opinion, having seen 
the Golden Girdle wherewith the Ofl&cers and privat Soul- 
diers are girded. I mean the excellent Letter sent them 
from the Commission, dated at Glasgow, July 21, 1699. 
May every one from the highest to the lowest, esteem it 
their Safety and Honor, constantly, straitly, and inwardly 
to gird themselves with this Golden Girdle. We are in 
pain for you, lest the Gov! of Carthagena, a Low-Country- 
Souldier, should come upon you while you are few, and 
not well settled, and somwhat dispirited by reason of the 
late Dissipation. But God who has brought you thither, 
and brought on this Resurrection after Death, is able to 
guard and defend you. It has been an Exercise to me 
to think that the Scots all this while, should have little 
or no footing in America. The Nation seems now to 
rouze up it self, and to Offer at that which is brave and 
great as being under an obligation to redeem the Time. 
It is a great pleasure to many Englishmen, that they who 
enjoy the same King, Islands, Language, Religion, should 
be entertained by Christ to manage this eminent piece of 
Service for Him. JESUS being your General, if at any 
time He should suffer you to be worsted by the Enemy ; 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL 8EWALL. 229 

yet He will bring you off, and in the close of the day, 
will lead you on to glorious Conquests for his Name and 
Interest. You will oflen have the 46^ Psalm sung here 
in Remembrance of you. Praying God to keep you from 
being movd any more ; and by establishing you, to settle 
his Abode in this New World; I take leave, who am. 
Gentlemen, though unknown, your hearty well-wisher, 

Sam. Sewall.* 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO ELISHA COOKE. 

April 20, 1700. 

Sir, — At Madam Usher's Instance, I desire you to 
make out an Execution for the house and Land in the 
Comon ; in which case Major Tyng was admitted Defend- 
ant and has Apealed to the K. in Council. I am ready 
to give Bond according to the direction of the Charter. 
I am still opressed by my Cold or else I should have come 
and spoken with you. Let it be expedited as much as 
conveniently may be. Sir, your friend and Serv? 

S. Sewall. 

To Mr. Elisha Cooke, clerk of 
the Superior Court in Boston, 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDWARD SANDS. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr. Edward Sands at Block-Island. 

Apr. 29, 1700. 

Sir, — I received yours of Febr. 13, March 12. Have 
been sick and indisposd above a Moneth, am now recov- 
ering, yet held down with a great Cold. As to your 
Enquiry about my Land at Block-Island, I am minded to 



* It is a striking fact connected with this expedition that it never 
occurred either to the Scotch company at home or to Sewall here that the 
former had no more right, as Macaulay says, to found a colony on the Isth- 
mus of Darien than the Spaniards would have had to found one in the 
Highlands of Scotland. — Eds. 



230 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

sell it, provided I have a Chapman^ that will pay me 
ready Money for it. I spake to Mr. Niles, of Point-Judith, 
about it, and know not what he hath done. If he have 
not made any bargain, I know not why I should not sell 
it to you as well as another. Mr. Raymond has it in 
Occupation, and pays me a Quit Rent for it yearly. This 
is all the needful 1 at present. 

Upon further Consideration, I have written to Mr. 
Raymond that if he would give as much as another in 
ready Money, I should incline to give him the Refusal, 
Though as I remember, speaking to me some years agoe 
about it He did not seem to have a mind to pay Money 
down for it. S. S. 



MEMORANDA. 



To Mr. Joshua Rajinnond, Apr. 29, 1700. Acquainting 
him with my design to sell the land for ready Money ; 
He the Refusal. 

To Nathanael Coddington Esqr. Apr. 29, 1700, Entreat- 
ing him to forward the two foregoing Letters, inclosd 
to him. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. THOMAS GOTTON. 

To Mr, Thomas Cotton^ in Maiden-Lane in /S* Giles*Sy next door to 

Mr, Bead's Meetinghouse, ^ Capt, Foster, 

April 24, 1700. 

Sir, — The foregoing is Copy of what sent p Capt. 
Wynn. Madam U. has been somthing wavering as to 
taking out Execution, Till whetted I think, by bills of 
Cost upon hard Bars, she desired me last week to doe it, 
Which I imediatly did, while she was in the mind, foi 



1 The word ** Chapman" as used in this connection means "buyer." — 
Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL 8EWALL. 231 

fear lest any Nulling of Laws^ should come again, and 
plunge me into further trouble. Upon Monday, Apr. 22, 
K. Henry's day, Mr. Sheriff Gookin put me and Cousin 
Quinsey into possession of the house and Orchard on the 
Comon ; and we have introducd the old Mistress into it, 
and intend, as soon as can, to make some Instnunent of 
Conifirmation. Madam Usher is very busy there, and 
will 1 hope, in a year or two restore it to its former com- 
liness. May 7^ one Action of Dower is to be Tried be- 
fore Stoughton, Winthrop, Cooke, Sewall. Tis for Mr. 
Ushers dwelling house by the Town-house; which one 
would think canot fail. For Major Ting could not sell but 
by an order from the Superior Court ; and that Order has 
a saving for the Widows Thirds and is recited in Barber's 
Deed to whom it is sold. 

May 9, 1700. 

Madam Usher obtaind a Judgment for her Dower in the 
Mansion-House over against the Town-House yesterday. 
Brick-shops and warehouse are of the same Title and will 
follow the Dwelling-house. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR WILLLAM ASHHURST. 

Copy of a Letter to Sir TF? Aahhurst. 

May 3, 1700. 

HoNB't^ Sir, — The last Fall, I had notice of my being 
entrusted with a share in managing the Indian Affairs,* 
And presently upon it, the Comissioners were pleasd to 
apoint me their Secretary. As I accoimt it an honor to 
be thus employed; so according to my mean ability, I 
shall endeavour faithfully to serve the Corporation and 

^ According to a stipulation in the Charter, an act when passed by the 
General Court became a law, and thereafter remained in full force and effect; 
provided however, that the Privy Council might nullify the law, if they saw 
fit, at any time within three years from the date of its passage. — Eds. 

' Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Indians. Sewall's Diary 
I. 502. — Eds. 



232 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Comissioners, as I shall receive Instructions from them. 
I have met with an Observation of some grave Divines, 
that ordinarily when God intends Good to a Nation, He 
is pleasd to make use of some of themselves, to be in- 
strumental in conveying of that Good unto them. Now 
God has furnished several of the Indians with consider- 
able abilities for the Work of the Ministry, and Teaching 
School, And therefore I am apt to believe, that if the 
Indians so qualified, were more taken notice of in suit- 
able Rewards, it would conduce very much to the propa- 
gation of the Gospel among them.^ Besides the Content 
they might have in a provision of necessary Food and 
Raiment, the Respect and honor of it, would quicken 
their Industry, and allure others to take pains in fitting 
themselves for a fruitfull discharge of those Offices. One 
thing more, I would crave leave to suggest. We have had 
a very long and grievous War with the Eastern Indians, 
and it is of great Concernment to His Maj' Interests here 
that a peace be concluded with them upon firm and sure 
foimdations. Which in my poor opinion canot well be, 
while our Articles of Accord with them remain so very 
General as they doe. I should think it requisite that 
convenient Tracts of Land should be set out to them; 
and that by plain and natural Boundaries, as much as 
may be ; as Lakes, Rivers, Mountains, Rocks, Upon which 
for any English man to encroach, should be accounted a 
Crime.^ Except this be done, I fear their own Jealousies, 

1 It is interesting to note, at this early period, the suggestion that mis- 
sionaries might be recruited out of the ranks of the converted heathen. The 
effort to supply the same means of redemption has formed a marked feature 
of this branch of missionary work in modem times. — Eds. 

^ The poor success of the noble efforts of the Apostle Eliot at what is now 
South Natick and of the Mayhews at Martha's Vineyard perhaps suggested 
to Sewall the plan of colonizing the Indians by placing them on reservations, 
bounded, as he proposes, by natural objects. In the then unsettled state of 
the country, the scheme, which from its inception was so fruitful of trials 
and discords through the steady encroachments of civilization, may well 
have seemed to offer a fair measure of success. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 233 

and the French Friers will persuade them, that the Eng- 
lish, as they encrease, and think they want more room, 
will never leave till they have crouded them quite out 
of all their Lands. And it will be a vain attempt for us 
to offer Heaven to them, if they take up prejudices against 
us, as if we did grudge them a Living upon their own 
Earth. The Savoy-Confession of Faith, Engl, on one 
side and Indian on the other, has been lately printed 
here ; as also several Sermons of the Presidents^ have been 
Transcribed into Indian, and printed, Which I hope in 
God's Time will have a very good Effect. To see it and 
be employed in giving your Honor an Account of it 
would be a very desirable piece of Service to him who is 

your Honors 

most humble Serv* 

Sam. Sewall. 

STEPHEN sewall TO JOHN IVE. 

Salem in N. £., June 4, 1700. 

Mr. John Ivb. 

Yours of the 10^ of Jan7 last past, and of the 27^ of 
Febru7 following, came safe to hand, the former giving 
an account of the receipt of a Bill of Exchange from 
Rogers and Kelley, and that the same was accepted ; and 
the latter giving an account of the receipt of the money, 
viz : Sixty five pounds for my account, which Money of 
right belongs to my Brother Samuel Sewall, Esqr. of 
Boston and was intended to have been paid to you for 

his account and use. However advice hath faild for di- 

* 

rection about the same. Wherefore please to give my 
said Brothers account Credit for the said summe and 
follow his instructions for disposal thereof. Which will 
Oblidge your friend and Servant 

Stephen Sewall. 
p Capt. Mason and Copy of the Same by Capt Foster. 

1 Licrease Mather. — Eds. 



234 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



STEPHEN SEWALL TO EDWARD HULL 

June 5, 1700. 

Mr. Edward Hull. 

I received both your Letters of the 21 and of the 27^ 
of February, last past, wherein you give an account of 
the receipt of Thirty five pounds from Oporto, and as I 
wrote you at large the begining of the last Winter, So I 
now Confirm the same, viz: that Twenty pounds of said 
money is my Brother Samuel Sewall Esqr., and of right 
belongs to him, wherefore you must give his account 
Credit^ for the Same, and observe his Orders for disposal 
thereof, it being his owne money. Mrs. Herrick hath 
her Cup and cover, which thanks your Care about on 
her behalf, and earnestly beseech you to let her have her 
hundred pound, which you receivd for her likewise; 
for she is a poor Widdow with fatherless Children and 
wants it very much, and I being the Ocasion of her 
Ordering it into your hands, its very grievous to me, to 
see her fail of it, and will be much more, if finally she 
should doe so, which doubt not but in Equity, you will 
Endeavour to prevent. I have wrote you at large by 
Cap* Foster and sent your account, by which you will 
see there is £ 5-4*-2^ due to me on Balance thereof. I 
heartily wish you a happy Issue of all your troubles who 
am your ever loving Kinsman and Humble Servant 

Steph. Sewall. 

These p Capt. Mason, another of the Same purport 
sent p Capt. Foster with an answer therein. 



SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr. Jn? Ive |? (7[a/>^] Hd [Hichard'] Foster, 

June 10, 1700. 

I have yours of the 10*? of Jan5 and 27^ of Febr. last 
past ; am glad to hear that there is so much likelihoods 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 235 

of the Captives being Redeemed in a Publick way. I 
hope it will bring the Blessing of many forlorn perrishing 
Souls, upon the King and Kingdom. Mr. Tiler is at last 
arrived. By this conveyance you will receive a Letter 
from my Brother certifying that the Sixty-five pounds 
in your hand, remitted from Oporto, is for my account, 
with Order to apply it accordingly. Am sorry this time 
is lost through my misnomer of the place, and miscar- 
riage of his former advice. Would have you Send the 
Books by the first good conveyance If it can be con- 
veniently come at. I would have you procure me Mr. 
Bellinghams release, or his Daughters, or both, accord- 
ing to the papers sent you for that purpose in a Letter 
of March S^ 1699/700. Praying your acceptance of the 
enclosed with thanks for your Prints, I take leave who 
am Sir, your humble Serv* S. Sewall. 



SAMUEL sewall TO EDWARD HULL. 

To Mr. Edward EiuU p Copt. Bd [ JJtcAarrf] Foster, 

June \0% 1700. 

I have delivered the letters inclosed in yours of 
April 2^. Am sorry to understand your being still held 
under the Afflictions you mention. I pray God cause 
them to work together for your good, and that you may 
know it, and bless God for it, as David did. Some re- 
port here that you were Entangled by being bound for 
Mr. Perry, which Money you were forct to pay, and are 
left by him in the mire. K you would give me some 
certainty about it, twould gratify me. The Twenty 
pounds remitted you from Oporto by my Brother was 
for my Account. I writt you of it formerly, though 
possibly I might say Bilbao, in stead of Oporto, because 
the former was the Port he was wont to trade to. If 
it will be benificial to you, you may use it, 2 or 3 years : 
If it will not. Send it in the Books I writt for. You doe 



236 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

not say anything of it in your Letter. My Service to 
my Couzens and in special to your self, from your loving 
Cousen and 

Humble Serv* Sam : Sewall. 



SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN STORK. 

To Mr. John Stork ^ CapL Hichf Foster^ Copy ^ Mason. 

June 10. 

I writt to you of Octob' 3^ in answer of yours of June 
9% accompanying your account made up by Mr. James 
Taylor on my behalf. I then told you that my Brother 
John Sewall died Aug* 8, 1699, Aetatis 45. My Eldest 
Sister Hannah Tappan died Novf 11 following, Aetatis 
51. Each of them have left many desireable Children. 
My dear Father who never before buried Son or Daugh- 
ter, grew very decrepit and sickly the last winter and 
Spring, and at last expired May 16, 1700, Aetatis 86. 
It pleased God to order it in his Providence that I saw 
him upon Tuesday, lodgd at the House and took leave 
on Wednesday morning. May 15^, not thinking but that 
I might see him again in my return from Kittery, whither 
I was going. [He] Was buried on Satterday, His Sons 
and Daughters, (all save one accidentally gone to Boston,) 
were at the funeral. Ministers and chief of the Town. 
[He] Was so impaired of late by Age and frequent ill- 
nesses, that had at last a very easy Death. Being ask'd 
a week or fortnight before, to goe to meeting, he shewd 
his inability, and said he hopd he should shortly go to a 
greater Assembly. I desire your Prayers, that I, who, 
besides these Breaches of the Death of my Brother and 
Sisters Children, have buried no less than Eight of my 
own, may myself be ready to leave this World when 
God shall call. 

As for the Rent of Lee Tenement now due, I desire 
and order you to pay it into the hand of Mr. John Love, 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 237 

of St. Laurence Lane Merch?, London, for my Account. 
K I should not now inclose a Letter to them, I must en- 
treat you to present my Service, and my Dear Mothers, 
to our Relations at Bp. Stoke. With my Service to your 
Self and good cousen your wife, I take leave who am 

Sir, your loving Cousen and ready 

Servant. S. Sewall. 



SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN LOVE. 

To Mr. John Love MercK. in St. Laurence Lane, London^ p Capt. 

Foster; Copy ^ Mason. 

June 10, 1700. 

From the knowledge I had of you when resident in 
this Town, and from the recomendation of my friends 
and yours, I make choice of you, to put a little money 
into your hands, to be laid out well for my account and 
sent according to following Orders. Please to call upon 
my good friend and Neighbour Mr. Edward Bromfield 
for the money, which is in a little Linen Purse marked 
with Ink J. L. The contents inclosed, and are Gold 
Four arabian pieces. One double pistoU, Two Single ditto, 
One Lewi dore. Five Guineas ; One broad piece of Charles 
the first. Have also inclosed a Bill of Exchange for Nine 
pounds, Six shillings and Seven pence drawn by a young 
merchant, Mr. James Taylor, on Mr. Samuel Whitfield. 
The books I would have bought are 

Ars Cogitandi. 2. 

Le Grands Philosophy, Latin. 

Heerboordi Meletomata.^ 3. 

Dr. Charletons Physiologia. 

Df Moors Imortality of the Soul. 

Metaphysicks, Ethicks 

Glanvils Sceptis Scientifica. 

Dr. Wilkins's nattural Principles, 

and Duties. His World in the Moon. 

-* 

^ Heereboord, A. Meletemata Philosophica, 1664. — Eds. 



238 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Stallius his RegulaB PhylosophicaB. 

Stierij Questiones Physicaa cum Praeceptis Philo- 
sophiae. 

Burgerdicius, Logick with Heerebords Notes. 

The great Hist. Geographical, and Poetical Dictionary 
being a curious Misscellany of Sacred and Prophane His- 
tory printed at London for Henry Ehodes. If there be 
an Edition since 1694, Send the best Two of them. 

Francis Turretini Institutio Theologiaa Elencticaa in 
tres partes distributiae 4*? 

Turretini Disputationes de satisfactione Christi. 4*f 

Poles [Poole, M.] Synopsis criticorum in five volumes, 
if light on them a peniwoth. 

A K Edward 6^, his Common Prayer Book, of Queen 
Eliz.^ The Queens Bible, K it can be had any thing 
reasonable. 

Two pounds of the best Sealing wax. 

I have writ to M' John Stork of Rumsey, in hamp- 
shire, to remit to you about Twenty pounds, or what he 
has of mine in his hand. You may if you think fit, give 
him a Letter about it to quicken him. I know not ex- 
actly what the Books will come to. If the Money doe 
more then hold out, send in School Books; Esops Eng. 
and Lat, Corderius Eng. and Lat., Terrence Eng. and 
Lat., Ovid de Tristibus, Metamorphosis, Virgil, Tullies de 
Officijs, Grammars, constr[u]ing Books. Send no more 
then you have money to pay for. If you meet with a 
Quarto Bible of very good paper and very good Print, I 
would have you send one for my own use. I had rather 
have one at 2 hand, provided it be perfect and fair, then 
not have a very good one. Desiring you to doe the best 

* This sentence is a little obscure. There were two Prayer Books put forth 
in t>he reign of Edward VI., representing the extreme Catholic and Protestant 
parties in the Church. The Prayer Book of Queen Elizabeth was a compro- 
mise between the two, and is, with some modifications in the time of Charles 
II., the one now in use in England and in the Anglican Church in America. 
— Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 239 

you can for me, I take leave, who am Sir, your friend 
and Serv* S. Sewall. 

N. Capt. Mason sailed Jime 13% and Capt. Foster 
June 14'?, 1700. At 6. maney Mr. Bromfield went off 
from Scarlet's Wharf. Mr. El- Hutchinson and I accom- 
panied him thither. I went and staid at his house till he 
was ready to goe : Mr. Bolt came to the Wharf. 



SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN LOVE. 

To Mr. John Love in /S? Laurence Lane^ London. 

July 1, 1700. 

Sir, — I writt to you of the 10^ of June, to buy a few 
Books for me. I would have you add to them I particu- 
larly mentiond, A Narrative of the Portsmouth Disputa- 
tion between Presbyterians and Baptists at Mr. Williams's 
Meetinghouse, Bp of Norwich's Sermon of Religious Mel- 
ancholy. Amintor, a Defence of Milton,^ with Reasons 
for abolishing the 30*? January ; Two of them. Account 
of the first Voyages into America by Barthol. de las 
Casas;^ Two of them. Account of a Jew lately con- 
verted, and baptised at the Meetinghouse near Ave-Mary- 
Lane ; Four of them. S. S. 



SAMUEL sewall TO WILLIAM A8HHURST. 

To Sir TT? Ashhurst K\ GovT dc. 

Augt. 2, 1700. 

Sir, — I writt to you of May 3, sending under covert 
of my good friend Mr. Peter Sergeant. These are to 
enclose Mr. Stoughton's Accounts for the years 1698 and 
1699, which are aproved and Recorded here, and ordered 
to be transmitted to your Honour. Upon Wednesday 
the 17*? July, His Excellency, our Govr., set sail for New- 

^ Am3mtoT: or, a defence of Milton's Life. By J. Toland, London, 1699. 
Prince Coll., Boston Public Library. — Eds. 
> Printed in London, 1699. — Eds. 



240 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

York in the Arundel, Capt. Josias Crow Com'. We are 

in health, but somthing afflicted for want of a greater 

plenty of Rain, and by reason of the blasting of Wheat 

and Rye ; And we have reason to fear lest the Eastern 

Indians should enter into a combination, and insult us. 

They have toll'd away the Indians from Woodstock, a 

place between us and Conecticut River, unto Penecook 

[now Concord, N. H.], a place upon Merrimack River, 

about Two days Journey above Chelmsford. Desiring 

Prayers that we may be Lodged imder the Shadow of 

the Almighty, I take Leave, who am. 

Sir, your Hon" most humble 

Serv? S. S. 

p Capt. Robinson. 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

Augt. 5, 1700. Writt to Mr. Partrigg to thank him 
for his Letter signd by him, Mr. Parsons and Hawly, 
acquainting us that there was no Causes to be heard at 
Springfield, and so our Attendance not necessary. Though 
would not break away from the Service God and the 
Province calld us to ; yet we joyfully received so fair a 
Dismission. Have paid Henry Dwight, the Express, the 
3 p* f you mention. Are thankfull for the Care your 
self, Mr. Parsons and Hawly took of us &c. &c. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THE EARL OF BELLOMONT. 

To his Excellency JiicM Earl of BeUomonty at Albanyy |? CKU of 

Salisbury. 

Aug*. 6% 1700. 

I congratulate your Excellency, and my Ladys safe 
arrival at New York, and condole your repeated affiction 
by the Gout. That the exercise of your Exc? Govern- 
ment in the Province where you now reside may be 
prosperous, is a constant petition in the Publick Prayers 
of this. And as I am indeed, * I pray that I may be 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 241 

reckond your Lordshipsi Orator. The Comittee apointed 
by the Gen^ Court, have agreed to the proposals made 
by Mr. Sergeant and my self. They allow me Fifteen 
pounds p anum for the Stable, from the first of Octobf 
till May next; And the Province is to have what Benefit 
can reasonably be made of it during your Lordships 
absence.^ 

I would pray your Lordship to admit my speaking one 
word in behalf of John Holman, a Souldier at Albany. 
His sister Mason though 63 years old, and tormented by 
the Stone, yet came over to me this morning to solicit 
on her Brothers behalf. Her Request is, that your Ex- 
cellency would condescend, either to put him into such 
a station as may render his Life comfortable, or else to 
assist him, (a Souldier grown old in His Maj* Service) in 
his Removal to Boston. If Capt. Crow attend your Excf 
Return to New-York, possibly, a convenient passage 
might be obtained for him on the Kings Account. The 
charge of securing the Pirats in our Prison was allowed 
last Council-day. 

I most humbly and earnestly beseech your Lordship to 
improve your Interest and Skill in getting the Colledge 
Charter passd, according to the Draught agreed upon 
here, without any Addition or Diminution that may en- 
ervat the true intent of it. Your Excellencies Perform- 
ance herein will cause a Current of thankfuU Praises to 
spring up amongst this people ; which shall flow as long 

^ It has been generally supposed that Col. Shute was the first governor 
who occupied the Province House, which was built by Peter Sergeant in 
1670. But the fact is otherwise. When Earl Bellomont came to Boston in 
the spring of 1699, he and his family were entertained as the guests of Ser- 
geant, and in his **best chamber" council meetings were held and other 
official acts performed. To accommodate his lordship, Sergeant gave up 
his own Mansion House and moved into a house hired of William Gibbins. 
In the same spirit Sewall gave up to the governor his '^ Stable and Coach- 
House," situated where the Horticultural Hall now stands. The Province 
paid the rents. A fuller statement may be found in the Proceedings of the 
Mass. Hist. Soc. Vol. XXIL — Eds. 

VOL. I. — 16. 



242 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

as Merrimack or Hudson's River shall pay any Tribute 
to the Ocean. Service to Ld, Lady, Na [?] 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Boston of the Massachusetts, Aug' 21, 1700. Writt 
pungently to Jonathan Woodman of Newbury, to pay his 
debt, p, Mr. Cofl&n. 

Aug. 22. Writt to Sam. Rolfe of said place to pay his 
debt£25-£12. 

Aug. 29, 1700. To Col.. Pynchon ; enclosing an Order 
of the Treasurer for five pounds, to pay the workmen 
that wrought in mending the Way from Marlborough to 
Springfield, as also a 20' Bill which I my self give towards 
that Work. Sent him his Bond cancelled. Abstract of 
Acts ; after his perusal, to be deUvered to Mr. Taylor. 

Sent p Thomas Day. 



DARIEN EXPEDITION. 
Articles of Surrender.^ 

Deditionis Castelli Divi AndreaB in Sinu Caledoniae, 
ArticuU at qe Capita conclusa at qe utrinqe probata, turn 
ab Excellentia sua D. Johanne Pimienta, Copiarum Regis 
Catholici tum mari tum terra Duce ; ac Carthagenae Prae- 
fecto; tum a Praefectis supradicti castelli Divi Andreaa 
Martii 31. Stylo veteri 1700. 

Artic?. 1. Omnes OflSciarii, Milites, atqe qui jam nunc 
in Castello sunt, aut ad Coloniam pertinent, Ubere p6te- 
runt naves quibus hue advecti sunt conscendere, idqe 

^ Macaulay says: "With some difficulty a negotiation was carried on in 
such French and such Latin as the two parties could furnish. Before the 
end of March a treaty was signed by which the Scotch bound themselves to 
evacuate Darien in fourteen days." Macaulay, Hist, of England, YIIL 228. 
— Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 243 

vexillis expansis, cumqe Tympanorum pulsu, cum omni- 
bus Armis atqe Impedimentis, cumqe omnibus bonis, 
Thesauris cujuscimqe generis, atqe omni etjam Annona. 

2. Ad eam rem 14, dierum spatium ijs concedetur, 
lignandi etjam atqe aquandi gratia ; utqe naves ad iter 
sint in procinctu atqe paratae. 

3. Eo tempore elapso, quum primum Ventus erit nobis 
secundus, omnes naves nostrae cujuscunqe generis (cum 
omnibus Tormentis quae in ijs sunt) vela simul dabunt 
ventis, cum omnibus etjam supradictis. 

4. Quantum pulveris Tormentarij, Globulorum omnis 
generis, tum majoribus tum minoribus Tormentis ac Bom- 
bardis suflScere atqe necessarium esse judicabitur, conce- 
detur omnibus navibus atqe hominibus qui in ijs sunt aut 
ervmt instruendis, ad eorum defensionem atqe tutelam, 
adversum quaecunqe ijs accidere possint incomoda aut 
casus, durante eorum in Britanniam ex lioc portu navi- 
gatione. 

5. Omnibus* navibus, lembis, Scaphis, alijsqe id genus 
navigijs ex Britania hue adventantibus, aut aliunde, licebit 
lignari et aquari libere, si opus fuerit, idqe ad duos ex 
hoc die menses ; et cum primo vento secundo hinc etjam 
vela facere. Neqe licebit Subditis Regis Catholici, illis 
molestiam uUam creare, ijsqe quovis modo nocere; dum- 
modo nihil hostile admittant. 

6. Omnes homines ex utraqe parte capti, ex quo Sub- 
diti Britaniarum Regis hue primum Coloniam diducerunt, 
mox reddentur atqe restituentur. 

7. [Americanis qui nobiscum fuerunt aut versati sunt, 
nullo pacto eam ob rem nocebitur] Rejectus f uit hie Art. 

8. Qui vero obsides a Concilio probabuntur, Hispano- 
rum Dux dabit; quo Articuli supradicti praestentur. 

Pimienta. 

1. Ratione supradictorum capitum, Castelli D. Andreae 
Praef ecti unanimi consensu praedictum castellum Praef ecto 



244 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Copiarum Regis Catholici dedunt, cum omnibus Tormen- 
tis atqe Mortarijs quae nunc in eo sunt, una cum omni 
apparatu bellico, sive in eo, sive in Navibus, praeterquam 
quae in Articulo quarto excepta sunt. 

2. Arma omnia minora, praeter ea quae ad OflSciarios 
pertinent, praeterqe bombardam unam cum gladio ac 
pugione singulis hominibus assignandam ; praeterqe Sclo- 
petum ac machaeram singulis socijs navalibus tribuendam; 
eidem etjam Hispanorum Duci tradentur. Utqe hoc exe- 
cutioni mandetur, praedicti Praefecti castelli D. Andreae 
intra unam a Ratificatione praedictorum Articulorum, ho- 
ram, postqe Obsides receptos de quibus Articulo octavo 
d ictus est, Unam portam tradent unumqe Aggerem in 
manus praedicti Hispanorum Ducis, a triginta hominibus 
occupandum, usqe dum naves suas conscendant. 

3. Fidem nostram obstringimus, nuUo nos damno aut 
molestia affecturos uUum ex Regis Catholici subditis, Terra, 
Marive, dum hinc in Britaimiam trajicimus : Modo nihil 
hostile in nos moliantur aut admittant. 



MEMORANDUM. 



Octob^ 7th, 1700. Copy of my Letter to Mr. Duncan 
Campbell at New-york, enclosing Mr. Loveridges Letter 
of Attorney, and Administration, said Loveridges Letter 
to me, and Capt. Bishops Letter. Sir, You see the In- 
terest if exacted would come to more than two hundred 
pounds. Yet I would take Two Hundred poimds for all, 
if paid down. K can't receive Money take the best se- 
curity you can, and for such sum as to you shall seem 
reasonable, considering his extraordinary Losses; which 
what they be I know not. Return the Letter of Admin- 
istration again, if you can for Antiquities sake. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 245 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSIAS CROW. 

To Capt. Jbaiaa Crow^ Captain of His Mafs Ship the Arundelj now 
riding at Anchor in the Harbour of Boston. 

Oct'. 18*^, 1700. 

Sir, — You may remember, that when you arrived here 
from New-york, the first of this Moneth, you waited upon 
the Lieut-Governour at Eoxbury, who being informd that 
you met with nothing in a long cruise, was pleas'd to j8c 
upon your Name. From thence I take occasion to present 
you with a Taste of my Daughters Bride-Cake, wrapt up 
in two or three Latin Verses ; viz : 

Ecce I? antiphrasin vocitaria^ Ductor Aruncf^. 
Nomen te corvum dicity natura columham, 
Et quoties opus est, pugnas virttUe leonis. 
Undique sic Christi nohilitate viges. 

Sir, your candid Acceptance of the intended Respect, 
will be obliging to your friend and humble Servt. 

Sam. Sewall. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Sir Henry Ashhurst NovT 20, 1700. Are not all 
one Mothers Children. Give the softest words you can 
devise, when write to the Publick. Am sorry such Re- 
turns were not made as might be to your Satisfaction. 
Entreat that no discouragement may hinder your improv- 
ing your Interest in behalf of the college, &c. 

per Capt. Thomas who saild from Nantasket NovT 22. 
Gave my Letter to Mr. Foche. 

To Mr. Paul Dudley, NovT 20, 1700, p Mr. Foche in 
Capt. Thomas. Inclosed The Selling of Joseph, entreated 
his Censure of it; was drawn up in haste, that might 
present the Council and Assembly. Send word how tis 
with France. Speak with Dr. Beverly. Service to Col. 



246 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Dudley with Thanks for so surprising a favour ; viz : Old 
Testament in Spanish. Know not who brought it, but 
by the Hand know who sent it. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN WILLIAMS. 

To Mr. Jn*t Williams of BarhadoB. 

Dec. 3, 1700. 

Sir, — I presume the old verse, n ter pukaiUiy nenio re- 
spojidet^ abitOj Is not to be understood of Creditors in de- 
manding their just debts. The Tenth year is now current 
since I lent you Ten pounds, meerly out of respect to you 
as a Stranger and a Scholar : you having then met with 
disappointment p the loss of eJBEects sent for your suport. 
You have written to me that yop would not let my kind- 
ness rot under the clods of Ingratitude. But there ha^ 
been hitherto Vox^ and prcderea nihil. I am come again to 
knock at your door, to enquire if any Ingenuity or honor 
dwell there. Not doubting but if there doe, I shall reap 
benefit by it, and that you will pay to my order the Money 
which I sent you gratis, July 23, 1691, Of which I have 
not yet received one penny. Wherefore I desire and 
order you to pay it to Mr. Conrade Adams of your Island, 
or to Mr. James Taylor of this place, who now goes Fac- 
tor to Barbados in Capt. Boner. The Receipt of either of 
those Gentlemen shall be to you a suflBcient Discharge 
from 

Sir, your friend and Servt. Sam. Sewall. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO CONRADE ADAMS. 

To Mr. Conrade Adams at Barbados. 

xr. 3, 1700. 

Sir, — By the Encouragement of my Son-in-Law, Mr. 
Grove Hirst, I have given you the trouble of the inclosed 
Order. Whatever I have therein said, I would have you 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 247 

take up with the principal, rather than give yourself long, 
or much trouble about it. Your acceptance of this Unac- 
ceptable piece of Service, will much oblige, Sir, your 
humble Serv* S. S. 

Copy of the Order ^ dated xr. 3, 1700. 

Gentlemen, — Mr. John Williams of Barbados was for- 
merly a student in the House of the late Rev"? Mr. Charles 
Morton, in Charlestown, N. E. And by the cutting off of 
some supplies sent him from Barbados by his father he 
was in want. Whereupon at the recomendation of said 
Morton and his own desire, I lent said Mr. John Williams 
Ten pounds in N E money July 23, 1691, taking only his 
Receipt. Since his removal to Barbados he has writ to 
me that he would pay me. But I have not yet received 
one penny. I would intreat you therefore to deal with 
him effectually on my behalf. Recover the Money and 
remitt it to Mr. John Ive, Merchant in London, for my 
account. 

If upon consideration of the length of time, and the 
trouble I have had of writing to him again and again, he 
would put so much into your hands as to make it Sterling 
Money of England I should be contented. And I think 
he would do but that which is right. Your pursuing this 
matter to an Issue will oblige 

Gentlemen, your humble Serv! 

Sam. Sewall. 

To Mr. Conrade Adams and Mr. James Taylor, Mer- 
chants in Barbados, or either of them. 



SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN LOVE. 
To Mr. John Love in Laurence Lane London, 

Sir, — I received yours of the 15?* Augt. with the Box 
and bundle of Books speedily and in good order, Though 



248 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

I doubt some of them should have been cheaper. I would 
now have you send me a Duz. of Dr. Bates's Harmony of 
the divine Attributes, 6. Flavels mental errors, 2 Mor- 
deus Geographie rectified, 12. Colsons Seamans Kalendar. 
6. Wakely*s Compass rectifier. 6. Norwoods Epitome of 
Navigation. One great Histor. Geograph. and Poetical 
Dictionary of the newest Edition, good paper. If the 
said Edition be not out, send none till it is. Two Duz. 
Pen-knives. Send the rest in good writing paper. Which 
is all at present &c. 
xr. 25^ p Capt. Mason. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr. Jh? Ive ^ Capt Mason, 

xr. 20, 1700. 

I received yours with Invoice and Bill of Lading p 
Capt. Mason, and Goods mentioned therein in good con- 
dition. I am glad Mr. Guy was cautious not to send more 
of those Books that might prove unexpectedly dear. Yet 
me thinks considering you laid out a sum of Money with 
him, he might have afforded many books cheaper. For I 
canot perceive they are charged any otherwise, than as 
one might have bought a single book out of his Shop. 

Send Madam Elisa. Bellingham's Deed p Capt Mason, 
Pole's Synopsis Criticorum if to be had under five pounds : 
as much cheaper as you can, A Ream of good Marble 
Paper., A gross of Horn-books. Two Cambridge Con- 
cordances. Send the rest in Octavo Bibles. 

Sir, your humble Serv* S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANAEL HIGGmSON. 

To Mr. Nathanl Hxgginson. 

XT. 26, 1700. 

Dear Sir, — The opening of your Letter, three days 
ago, was a very pleasant surprise to me. For though 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 249 

there was some Rumor of your Returning, yet the Re- 
ports I had heard of the diflBculty of getting off, the 
long and tedious Course you had to run, and variety of 
disagreeable Climats to pass thorow, was ready to seise my 
fainting Belief with Qualms. I earnestly congratulate 
you in the many Divine Preservations you have experi- 
enced, and the Success God hath crowned your constant 
endeavours with, in giving to you a vertuous wife and 
children, and a great estate of your own getting, whereby 
you may be enabled to do good to them, and to the Pub- 
lick. And though possibly your circumstances have been 
in some part, as Joseph's in Egypt, yet I trust God, who 
is the same in all Ages, hath kept you safe and sound, as 
He did him. And if you should have contracted any In- 
disposition in that Unhealthy Climat, I hope the more 
Christian Aer of England and New-England, will quickly 
cure it. 

I canot now answer the particular paragraphs of your 
Letter flowing plentifully with Riches of Kindness, like an 
East-Indian Cargo. The ship is fallen down to Nantasket 
several days ago, and waits only for wind, which now 
after Rain may probably spring up. I would only hint, 
that it is not unlikely but that Winisimet may come to be 
sold, which is a very pleasant and profitable Situation. 
Mr. Jn? Ive or Mr. Wharton may shew you Madam Elsa. 
Bellingham, the Heir. 

Oiir last November was extream cold, and Colds be- 
came an Epidemical, and, to many, a mortal disease. By 
this means, the Court at Salem missd your honoured Fa- 
ther at Lecture, and at Diner Novf 27. Mr. Cooke and I 
visited him the next day : And this Moneth being tem- 
perat. He preaches in his ordinary course. Mr. Emerson 
of Gloucester is dead this Moneth, and so moriiur Actio 
cum persona. He canot now be pursued about irregular 
marrying, for which he was to answer at Ipswich Court. 
Had appeald to Salem, and was there sick. Mr. Secre- 



250 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

tary Addington's Opinion is, that though you resolve to 
live in England yet you must come over hither on pur- 
pose to take leave of your worthy aged father. But I 
am afraid I shall not get my Letter aboard, and therefore 
must conclude. Wishing you and yours a prosperous 
Entrance and progress in the new aproaching Century, I 
take leave, who am Sir your endeared friend and Servf 

Our worthy lieut GovT Stoughton is in his 70*?" year, 
and infirm by Chronick Distempers, and somthing dampt 
by the falling of a tree on Dick, his Negro Coachman, 
last Tuesday 14 night, of which he died. 

Enclosd my Aunt Quinsey's Memorial. 

At Mr. Laurence Hatsell, Birchin Lane, London. 



MEMORANDUM. 



Mrs. Wyllys's Land the Bounds of is East 139. foot 
West, 150. North, 212 foot. Lane 212. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THE EARL OF BELLOMONT. 

To My Lord at Netc-york, 

Jan! 21, 1700/701. 

Upon the 30*? past, the Comissioners for the Indian 
Affairs met again, and have ordered Mr. Vreeman of 
Schenectady, Fourty pounds for this year, to encourage 
and assist him in Gospellizing the Indians; And Thirty 
pounds is allowed in like manner to Mr. Lydius of Albany. 
Their year begins in Octob- last. The Stock is consider- 
ably sunk by bad debts, which occasions the allowing no 
more. The Corporation have sent over Bills of Exchange 
drawn on Mr. Peter Sergeant, Mr. Epaphras Shrimpton, 
and Mr. Francis Clark, for six hundred pounds, But tis at 
3 months sight, and so not to be demanded till March, 30, 
1701. I shall send the Books as oportunity presents. 

Our News concerning the King of Spains death was 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 251 

writt on board Foy, when in the Downs, and runs thus; 
viz: "London; Novf 1, 1700. Mr. Thomas AUin, This 
" comes to acquaint you that we have this day received 
" advice p an Express, from my Ld Manchesster^ at Paris, 
" and also via Coruna, of the death of the King of Spain, 
" on the 21. past. St. N. [sic] which nobody here doubts of 
" now. So that it is three weeks since he died, being the 
" 10*** of Octob^ our stile. John Billingslet." 

I copied this out of Mr. Allin's Letter. It seems to be 
News of great Consequence to Eiurope. Am newly re- 
turnd from Newbury, where with my Brother and Sisters, 
I have been burying my dear Mother, Mrs. Jane SewalL 
Family pretty well. Am afraid the Post will be gon. 
My most humble Service to your Excellency, and to my 
Lady. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM PARTRIDGE. 

To WiUiam Partridge JEaqr^ Portsmouth. 

Boston, March 1, 170f . 

Sir, — I am continually followed with Solicitations both 
by word and writing, to give some answer as to the Sal- 
mon Falls Sawmill and Grant of Cutting Timber. Gov' 
Aliens last Letter was dated the 19 Feb., wliich Mf Meinzies 
brought. I am straightened about it in my own mind, and 
was willing to write a few Lines to your Honour about it, 
as one Chiefly concernd both in Place and Estate. 

The Salmon Falls Sawmills have stood my Father, and 
me in above Two Thousand Pounds. Capt. Plaisted's 
Father and Mf Thomas Lake were at first Obliged for a 
proportion to Save my Father harmeless, but both those 
Thorns are pulled out of their feet and left sticking in 
mine. Since the Desolation by the Indians, Capt. Ichabod 

^ Charles Montagu, Earl of Manchester, at this time English Ambassador 
to France. See Macaulay's Hist, of England, VIII. 182, 289 ; also his Essay 
on Addison. — Eds. 



252 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Plaisted treated with me for setting up a New mill, and 
made some proposals as to buying my privileges in the 
Stream. But he hath since that time neither paid me 
any Rent; neither did he let me know of his being in 
Town when here this Winter. Rather than fail, I would 
part with my Interest upon some such Low Terms as he 
and I discoursd of. For it will be hardly thought rea.«on- 
able for me after such vast Disbursments to undergoe the 
Fatigue and Expence of a Suit in England for that which 
Capt Plaisted, the present Tenant, doth rate so low. And 
on the other hand I would be very Loth to prejudice other 
mens Titles or any way weaken them, by a compliance 
with Mr. Allen. I Entreat your Honour to speak to Capt 
Plaisted on my behalf, and to quicken him to doe that by 
me which is just and honourable, and not any way abuse 
that trust and confidence I put in him, without taking our 
Discourse in writing, as I should have done. By doing 
this Service for me, you will much oblige me. 

Sir, your Honours humble Servant 

Sam. Sewall. 

samuel sewall to ichabod plaisted. 

[ To Capt Ichabod Plaisted.'] 

Boston, March 1, 170^. 

Sir, — I have not heard from you a long time ; and I 
take it imkindly that you neither came to me, nor let me 
know of your being in Town this Winter. You know 
that the hazard and inconvenience your honored father 
and Mr. Lake were under, respecting the Salmon Falls 
Sawmills and Grants were taken oJBE their's and placed to 
Capt. Hulls Account. And above Two Thousand Pounds 
were disbursed thereon by him. So that methinks a Sence 
of Gratitude and respect should constrain you to deal with 
all the fairness imaginable by his Daughter and Heir, in 
that little pittance which by your Reckoning is lost. I 
expect that you should either pay ma Rent for the use 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 253 

you have made of the Stream and Timber, or else [pay] 
me what they are worth. 

Pray Sir, let me hear from you Speedily. I think you 
need not object [to] Mr. Aliens Title ; you have a very 
considerable Estate there. And if you defend or comply, 
tis much the same thing to doe it for more or less. I 
shall add no more at present but that I am Sir Your friend 
and Servant. Sam. Sewall. 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Mr. Edward Taylor of Westfield, March 14, 15, 
170f ., giving him an account that Mr. James Taylor, his 
Son, arrived at Barbados, the 18^!" January; about a week 
after. Fell sick of a Fever, died Jan' 30. [and] was buried 
the last of January. My wife and I more than sympathize 
with you, the Loss is partly our own. Lost two Thirds 
of his Horses, most he carried, came to a bad Martket. 
Writt of Jamaica, the Report of its being sunk. Of my 
Lord Bellomont's death last Wednesday was Seiiight. 
Enclosed Mr. Willards Sermon against Swearing preached 
the day of Mr. Taylors death : might partly asswage his 
grief. Enclosed my verses for opening the New Century.^ 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO PETER BURR. 

To Mr. Peter Burr at Fairfield, 

March, 31, 1701. 

Sir, — Mr- Chauncey of Stratford sent me a Letter, 
dated March 19% 1699/1700, acquainting me with the death 
of Mr. Walker of Woodbury, and desiring me to give an 
account [of] what his Estate was indebted to me. I re- 
turnd a large Answer of Apr. 2, 1700, desiring speedy 
payment, and to know the time of my Friends death. But 

^ See notice of this poem in Mass. Hist. Society's Proceedings (2d Series), 
Vol. I. 13, 14, where it is given in full; also SewalPs Diary, II. 27, 28, where 
a portion of it is printed. It is printed in full in Sewall's Diary, II. 392 — 
£ds. 



254 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

have not received a Line in Answer, to this day. I am 
now quite weary with waiting; especially, my patience 
being tempted with this sort of Mockery; Yet before I 
proceed to the rigor of the Law, I resolve to try what 
you and I can do by gentler means. 

From Jan! 1, 169^ unto Decf 21, 1695, 1 disbursed in 
Cash for the necessary subsistence of Mr. Walkers Mother, 
Twenty eight pounds. Eleven shillings, 4?, Of which I 
have received at twice. Eight poimds; So that Twenty 
pounds, eleven shillings and 4^, remains due to m^ for the 
balance £ 20- 11- 4-, which I now want, and in treat you 
to procure it for me in a very short time. It would both 
tire me and make me ashamd to tell all that has passd 
between Mr. Walker and me, in word and Writing, about 
this affair. The sum is, I have a most affectionat Order 
to disburse, and Obligation and promise of Payment; 
Christianity and ingenuity being left in Pawn. You 
know how it was paid in small parcells (I have Receipts 
for all on the Order) with what incomparable industry 
frugality, and self-denyal, it was improved by the Grand- 
daughters. Suffer not the Disgrace of withholding such 
a Due to ly any longer upon your Province, or the Mem- 
ory of our dear friend. I offer to take Pole's Synopsis^ at 
£7- or £7. 10-0, rather than fail, to be delivered to me 
here, fraitfree, and I run the Venture. Must be well 
packd up. And let not the Grandchildren and me be so far 
despised as to be denied the time of the departure of our 
dear Unkle and friend. Mr. James Taylor of Westfield a 
hopefuU young Merchant died at Barbados Janf 30. Major 
Walley is this day known to be Grandfather to his daugh- 
ter Chauncey's Son. I pray you to be very thorow in 
dealing with Mrs. Walker, and what charge may arise in 
postage of Letters, or otherwise, I will discharge it. Please 
to accept of my small essay towards opening the 18*? Cen- 
tury. My Service to Mrs. Burr though unknown, from 
Sir, your friend and Servt. S. S. 

1 See ante, 226.— Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 255 

Joseph presents his service to you. I hope he thrives 
in his Learning ; yet I fear his Genius is not so well un- 
derstood by his present Instructors as was by you. Ser- 
vice to Mr. Webb with a Print. If you would give me 
notice when a Fairfield Vessel is here, I should be glad to 
write to Mr. Shove. In the mean time give him my Ser- 
vice and a Print. 



MEMORANDA. 



March 25, 1701, at Plimouth, this libel was handed 
about. One had lent the Order of the Gospel revived, 
and it was sent home with this written on it, viz. 

A Simple Poem ox the Authors and Designs of this Booke. 

Begging Manifesto proves but a great Pesto. 

Blackman is Synodalian. 
Pray stay there and stop, lest next hap & hop 
Ben't Peters chair Italian. 

The old strait Gate is now out of Date, 

The street it must be broad ; 

And the Bridge must be wood, thd not half so good 

As firm Stone in the Koad. 

Relations are Rattle with Brattle & Brattle ; 
Lord Brother mayn't command: 
But Mather and Mather had rather & rather 
The good old way should stand. 

Saints Cotton & Hooker, o look down, & look here 
Where's Platform, Way, & the Keys ? 
Torey what story of Brattle Church Twattle, 
To have things as they please 

Our Merchants cum Mico do stand Sacro Vico; 
Our Churches turn genteel : 

Parsons grow trim and trigg with wealth wine & wigg 
And their crowns are coverd with meal. 



256 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEW ALL. 

April 4, 1701. Writt to Mr. Henry Newman at New- 
found Land, inclosing Order for Fast, Four Verses of the 
New Century : and sent a Book q* [about] Greek churches, 
Fountain opend. Faith of the Fathers. Sent p Capt. John 
Alden junT 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANAEL HIGGINSON. 

To Mr. Nathan}. Bigginaon ^ Capt. OiUam. 

May 1, 1701. 

Sir, — That you should come out of Asia into Europe 
just at such a Nick of Time ! One of the first things you 
were entertaind with at your Ketum, was the death of 
his Catholick Majesty. And truly now you had need 
hasten into America, and help to prevent the French 
Pharaoh, his forcing your Countrymen into the Sea, or 
burying of them alive. You must not at this conjuncture 
promise your self Safety any where; Come over, and 
take the pleasure of saving us, or dying with us. I can 
say no more than I have said in my former Letters ; to 
them I refer you. Your Objections are of little weight : 
some God hath removed, and others them an Engeneer 
of very mean Skill might easily turn them upon your 
self, and make them confute you. Ore rotunda I have an- 
swered your desire in sending you some Prints though 
not without Kegret, because in them you will see the 
nakedness of the Land. But I know you will imitate our 
Great Grandfather Japheth in covering of it. Mr. Stod- 
dard's book was printed in London, and I have it not by 
me. I caiiot pretend to write you any News; your 
Cousin will tell it at large vivS, voce. Our Lieut. Gov- 
ernour and Mr. Brinsmead ( Coeklum nobile Par) threaten 
to take their leave of us before it be long. Mr. Brins- 
mead hath not preachd for above this 12. moneth. The 
Lieut. Govemour is much worn with continual anguish of 
the Strangury, or a disease a-kin to it ; and his Stomack 
put almost quite out of Office. This is a very dark stormy 



LETTEB-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 257 

May-day, Much Rain and Hail, and some Thunder and 
Lightening. Mr. C. Mather foUowd suit and preach'd 
from Mat. 7. 25. In the Rock there mentioned there is 
stability and Safety. The Good Lord lift us up into it, 
and keep us in it. We have now. Capt. Crow returnd 
from salt-Tartudas [Tortugas], who with the Galley is all 
the Men of War we have ; only as Merchant-Ships may 
be improved upon occasion. We are well &c &c. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO ICHABOD PLAISTED. 
To Mr. Ic?iabod Plaiated cU Salmon-FaUs. 

Sib, — Upon Col. Allen's repeated desire, I can do no 
other than signify to you, that it doth not yet appear to 
me, that I have an Interest on this side of Newitchawan- 
uck River ; and therefore whoever are concemd, they may 
proceed for all me. If it shall hereafter be evidenced that 
I have a Right there, I hope that Equity will be exercised 
on both parts, that all shall be adjusted to mutual Content. 
And so I take leave, who am 

Sir, your friend and Serv? 
Sam. Sewall. 

memoranda of letters. 

Aug* 4, 1701. Writt to Mr. Abraham Dupeister at 
New-york, inclosing Mr. Belchar, Pemberton, and Wil- 
lards Sermons. Prayd him to convey Mr. Vreeman's 
Dictionary and Gramar to him which I send p Lucas 
Kersteed. 

Letter to Mr. Vreeman of Scenectady informing him 
of the Cambridge Dictionaiy, Gramar and Confession of 
Faith ; that [he] might examin and see if there were any 
afl&nity between their Indians and ours in their Language. 
Inclosed a Joseph soldy i Duzen verses opening the 18*? 
Century. Capt. Davis conveys my Letters. 

TOL. I. — 17. 



258 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Aug* 27, 1701. To Mr. Ive p Mr. Banister. Have 
received my Deed p Capt. Mason, thank your care. In- 
clbsed Mr. Willards funeral sermon, Copies of Verses, and 
of the Council's Fast. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO [EDWARD] HULL. 

To Cousin BvM. 

Augt. 27, 1701. 

I perceive the Clarks have not received their Legacies 
of Mr. Whitings Son-in-Law, by which means they are 
greatly wronged. I would have you doe all that is in 
your power to set that matter right. I never received a 
farthing on their behalf, nor never had any intimation of 
its being any way paid. I cfi,nt find the Gentlemans Let- 
ter, or else I would have writt to him about it Speak to 
him in my name, and assure him that, if I had received 
any thing, or knew that it was received by any other, I 
would most certainly inform him. I knew Mr. Whiting, 
and had too much respect for him, to wrong his Heirs for 
the sake of them that are strangers to me. On the other 
hand, I should be very sorry if Mr. Whitings children 
should take any advantage to abuse themselves and me 
and you by witholding from the Legatees that which is 
their due, and so betraying the Trust put in their Father. 
I made no doubt but that the thing had been issued by 
the Son in Law, and so neglected his Letter ; and now I 
fain would find it to answer it but canot. Pray Cousin 
take effectual Order in this thing. And if you unwarily 
deliverd the Discharges before the Money was paid, by 
all means retrieve that mistake. My Service to you, to 
Cousin Brattle and all friends. Present my Service to 
Cousin Allen and Lady, and entreat him to assist you if 
there be need. S. S. 

Liclosed Verses, and Mr. Willard's Funeral Sermon. 



LETTEK-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL, 259 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Mr. Nathan! Higginson Aug? 28, 1701, inclosing a 
bound funeral sermon. Elect. Sermon and Mr. Knights 
verses. Gosport arrived. 

Glad the Bill against Charters is fallen ; If it should be 
revived must pass ; Twould be well if Connecticut as far 
as Stratford or Wiantinuck River be laid to the Province, 
and not to New- York: Nature seems to favour such a 
Division, if Conecticut and Massachusets must be divided. 

p Mr. Banister. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN LOVE. 

To Mr. Jn? Love Merchant St Laurence Lane London ^ the Ketch 

Mr. Banister goes in ; White. 

Sir, — I have received the Box of Books p Capt. Mason. 
Mr. Colman has deliverd me my Dictionary, and I have 
given Mr. Pemberton his Bundle. I was very desirous of 
the new Edition of the Dictionary. But Mr. Collier has 
mard and not mended it by his alterations. He seems to 
grudge men far better than himself, their just character. 
Sir William Pettie (if I d8nt mistake his Simame) set forth 
a book to demonstrate the comparative biggness of Lon- 
don. Send one. And now lately a piece is come out 
shewing that London is bigger than imperial Rome was ; 
send 3 or four of them because I supose easier to be had. 
Send p some Boston Master or Neighbour. S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Septy 17*^ 1701. Writ to Mr. James Pierpont* p Mr. 
Thompson, Do as little as may be by the Government. 

> Rev. James Pierpont (H. C. 1681), one of the founders of Yale College, 
to which this letter refers. He died in 1714. The letter, of which this is an 
abstract, is printed in full in Woolsey's Historical Discourse [1860], 87. — 
£d8. 



260 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Only authorise a President. Let the scholars board in 
the Town as it is in Holland. Let them read the Confes- 
sion of Faith set forth by the Assembly of Divines at 
Westminster, which is turnd into good Latin ; Ame's Me- 
dulla. Let the president be enjoind to read and Expound 
the Scripture in the Hall morning and Evening, de die in 
dieni. Let the Scholars be obligd to obey the president, 
and comport with the apointed Orders subscribing them 
at their Admission. Let the entire course of Exercises 
be severely and strictly exacted without dispensation to 
any. Those that are admitted to Degrees to have that 
honour and Kespect shewn them that any admitted by 
the Reverb and Godly Learned Mr. Charles Chauncey, or 
any president before or after him in Harvard College at 
Cambridge in New-Engld, had or ought to have. 

Enclosed 6 or 7 New-years verses, and 6 or 7, Joseph 
sold. Also gave Mr. Thompson the book of the proceed- 
ings of the Ho. Comons in impeaching the Lords ; to be 
coinunicated to Mr. Chauncey, &c. 

SeptT 22, 1701. Letter to the Reverb Mr. Sam! Moodey^ 
at Yorke, accompanying my Calvin's Institutions, which 
I lend him for Eighteen- Moneths from this day, carefully 
and diligently to read it over. Leave it with Mr. James 
Gooch for Conveyance. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM VAUGHAN. 

To Major 'William Vaughan. 

Oct^ 13, 1701. 

Sir, — I have received your Letter with my recorded 
Deed ; thank you for the care about it. Enclosed also 
was your account. I have taken a great deal of pains to 
search Books and files of papers about it. But as yet I 
can find nothing but only the last article of £6. 16. 3 

1 Samuel Moody (H. C. 1697), died 1747. — Eds. 



LETTEK-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 261 

which my father received out of the Mint upon your Ac- 
count and discounted it with Mr. Dering. My father 
Hull livd three years after the date of your Account. 
Aug* 10. 1690, Cousin Daniel Quinsey died. Octf 7, 
1693, Mr. Kob? Sanderson, my fathers partner died. Had 
this been spoken of in Mr. Quinsey's Lifetime, probably, 
he might without any difficulty have cleared it up; he 
being used to keep the account in the Shop. But I am 
now destitute of help, except I should stumble upon som- 
thing, which if I doe, shall acquaint j^ou with it. In the 
mean time I am Sir, your humble Serv* S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN LOVE. 

To Mr, John Love St. Laurence Lane London. 

Octt 11, 1701. 

Sir, — I perceive Dr. Nehemiah Grew has put forth a 
book entituled Cosmologia Sacra^ or a discourse of the 
Universe as it is the Creature and Kingdom of God : To 
be sold at the Sun, against S? Dunstan's, in Fleet-Street. 
Send me two of them. As also a Treatise of Dr. Holder 
concerning Time, and another of the natural Grounds of 
Harmony; at the Star in St. pauls Ch. yard. Send one 
of each. I know not what bigness or price these books 
may be of. What is best. Send in the Assembly Confes- 
sion of Faith and Catechismes in Latin bound up together. 

Here is a widow that prayd me to write in her behalf. 
Her Husbands name was Henry Bennet, Son of William 
Bennet, House-Carpenter in London. This Henry Ben- 
net died in Novf 1696, in Boston, N. E. Left a widow 
Sarah Benet, and two Sons p her ; viz : William Benet an 
Apprentice here in Town, whose Time expires next May ; 
and Constantine Bennet, who will be ten years old next 
March. Their father Henry Bennet gave each of them 
fifty pounds in his last Will and Testament, and his widow 
fifty pounds : with a Memorandum that it is in the hand 



262 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

of Mr. Christopher Clark in petty Canon London. The 
poor woman has hardly anything but a piece of a house 
left her by her father, and finds it very, very hard to 
maintain herself and little son by making Lace, every 
thing is so dear to what it has been. I earnestly desire 
you to enquire and send me word how these Legacies may 
be obtaind for the Legatees that stand in so much need 
of them : In doing which you will oblige 

Sir, your friend and Servt. S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. Nathanael Higginson, OctT 20, 1701.* p Mr. 
Anthony Stoddard, inclosing Mr. Willard's Fast-day Ser- 
mon: Praying him to help in hindering the passing of 
the Act against Our Charter ; you will gain credit with 
your Country by it. 

To speak for my self, if Conecticut should lose their 
Charter (which God forbid) and there must be a Separa- 
tion, let it be only partial ; and let Stratford River which 
up above is called Wiantinuck, be the Bounds. We cant 
want their Provisions ; York can. The people, especially 
on this side of River, will be very averse to being put 
under New-york. Their Genius more agreeable to the 
people of this Province. Col. Dudley is daily expected 
to arrive in quality of our Govf ; so write not to him nor 
to Mr. Paul Dudley. 

To Mr. John Ive, Oct^ 20. 1701. enclosing one of Mr. 
Willard's Fast-day Sermons, and thanking him for his 
continued Advices about the African Captives and for his 
Prints, especially the book giving account of the Parlia- 
mentary Proceedings. 

p Mr. Anthony Stoddard. 

1 Capt. Crow and the Fleet sail 8 22, 1701. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 263 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO COTTON MATHER. 

For the Heverend Mr. Cotton Mather in Boston. 

Oct^ 21, 1701. 

Sir, — I thank you and Mrs. Mather for your kind visit 
to my family and Daughter Hirst last Thorsday. By 
what I am told you should say of me yesterday at Mr. 
Wilkins's and my Son's Shop, I perceive you are much 
offended with me ; which is matter of Surprise and Grief 
unto me ; the cause whereof I would willingly remove. 
I have desired Major Walley, and Capt. Samuel Checkley, 
your and my friends, to be at Mr. Wilkins's to-morrow 
half an hour past Nine in the morning ; And do desire 
you to meet me and them there, at that time, And bring 
with you one or two Christian friends, if you please ; that 
so we may try to give an Instance of the Truth of that 
old Proverb; Amantium Irae Atnoris RedintegrcUio est.^ 

I am Sir, your friend, 

Sam. Sewall. 

samuel sewall and isaac addington to rev. thomas 

buckingham. 

To the Beverd. Mr. Tho. Buckingham at Say-Brook; To be com- 
unicated to the Beverd Mr. Israel Chauncy^ Mr. Abraham JPierson^ 
Mr. James Pierpont, and Mr. Oeurdon SaltonstaU. 

Octob! 6, 1701. * 

Gentlemen, — We crave your pardon that we have 
made you wait so long for so little. We might frame an 
Excuse from the present Circumstances of our Affairs and 
say, MiiUa nos impedierunt. But there is another cause 
that made us slow and feeble in our Progress ; Not know- 
ing what to doe for fear of overdoing. And that is the 
reason there is no mention made of any Visitation ; which 
is exceedingly proper and beneficial ; All humane Socie- 
ties standing in need of a check upon them. But we 

1 Terence, Andria, III. 3. 23. — Eds. 

* Printed in Woolsey's Historical Discourse, 91. —Eds. 



264 LETTEK-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

knew not how to call or qualify it, but that in a little 
time it might probably prove subversive of your design. 
We on purpose, gave the Academie as low a Name as we 
could that it might the better stand in wind and wether ; 
nor daring to incorporat it, lest it should be served with a 
Writt of Quo-Warranto. We pray you to accept of the 
few enclosed Hints for an Act, and should have travelled 
further in it, if your Instruction or our own Invention 
had dictated to us; not knowing well what Scheme to 
project, because we could not tell how far your Govern- 
ment will encourage the Design. We should be very 
glad to hear of flourishing Schools and College at Conecti- 
cut ; and it would be some relief to us against the Sorrow 
we have conceived for the decay of them in this Province. 
And as the end of all Learning is to fit men to search the 
Scriptures, that thereby they may come to the Saving 
Knowledge of God in Christ : we make no doubt but you 
will oblige the Kector to Expound the Scriptures diligently, 
morning and Evening. Praying God to direct and bless 
you beyond what your selves doe understand or hope for, 
we take leave, who are your most humble Servants 

Sam. Sewall. * 
Isaac Addington. 

memoranda. 

Copy of my speech in Council that I have given out 
to several ; viz : Mr. Wilkins, Mr. Joshua Gee, Mr. Sam? 
Willard, my brother. 

If Mr. Mather should goe to Cambrige again, to reside 
there ; and Not Expound the Scriptures, and Pray in the 
Hall : I fear the Example of it would doe more hurt, than 
his going thither would doe good. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 265 

SAMUEL SEWALL (1) TO WILLIAM PITKIN. 

To WiUiam Pitkin JSsqr. cU Hartford. 

Nov! 3, 1701. 

Sir, — To make up the defect of my former Pacquet, 
I have now got a Letter of Attorney duely executed, and 
Acknowledged before Col. Townsend, who is of his Maj? 
Council here, and a Justice of Peace in this County, and 
in 'all other through the Province. I would entreat you 
accordingly to look after those Lands on this side the 
River, that lately belonged to Wethersfield. K any thing 
on my part be yet wanting, please to let me know it, and 
what charge you are at I shall readily reimburse, with 
gratification for your Labour therein &c. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

DecT 8, 1701. Writt largely to my Aunt Alice Dumer 
in answer to hers of June 6. Sent what I said at my 
Mothers Grave ; and Fathers Epitaph, Betty's Marriage : 

My Mother being dead, almost all my Memory is dead 
with her : I am hardly certain whether my Grandmothers 
name were Alice Archer^ or no, but am persuaded her 
maiden name was so. If it be a mistake, Let it be cor- 
rected in your next And tell me whether Otterbourse 
continue to be fruitfull in such Christians as my dear 
Mother was. If it doe, it must needs be a hapy place. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO ABRAHAM DU PEISTER. 

To Abraham Du Peister Eaqr. at New -York. 

Dec 9, 1701. 

Sir, — I have inclosed a Bill of Exchange and Letter 
of Advice from Mr. Thomas Palmer here in Town, drawn 
on Mr. Wm. Janeway Merchant in New- York, for fourty 
pounds of your Money j which please to receive, and pay 



266 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

to Mr. B. Freeman (I know not his Christian Name) Pas- 
tor of Scenectaday, for his Labours in Gospellizing the 
Indians. When you have received it, advise me of it, in 
doing which you will oblige, Sir, your humble Serv* 
My Service to Mr. Freeman. S. S. 



MEMORANDUM OP LETTER. 

• 

To Mr. John Storke, DecT 9, 1701. Pay to Mr. John 
Love in St. Laurence Lane, London, what you have of 
mine in your hand. Gave him an account of the families 
of Philip and Tho. Nelson, according to the Relation of 
Mary Chadwell our Eowley maid. Have a good Minister, 
Mr. Edward Payson. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO COTTON MATHER. 

To Mr. Cotton Mather. 

Dec! 31, 1701. 

Sir, — I once intended an Answer to yours of the SO*? 
of Octob! last, principally as to some matters of fact 
therein recited. But since you were pleasd to sit with 
me last Tuesday was fortnight, and to honour my Pue, 
with publishing there the very acceptable News of Lib- 
erty again granted to our dear Brethren of the Palatinat, 
I do now Remise, Release and forever quit claim, as to 
any personal Controversy we were lately managing at 
Mr. Wilkins's. It has been in my thought ever since, and 
the consideration of this being the last day of the year, 
suffers me to delay it no longer. And at the same time 
I assure you that I am your truly loving friend and hum- 
ble Servant S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL (?) TO DANIEL CLARK 

To Mr. Daniel Clark in Coleman Street London^ Meal-man. 

JauT 2, 170i. 

Sir, — These are to let you know that I sent the Clarks 
Releases to Mr. Edw. Hull at the Hat in hand within 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 267 

Algate, Merchant in London; to be by him kept till Whit- 
ing should pay their Legacies, that were in his hand. Now 
by reason of Mr. Whitings death, the Legacies were never 
paid. Mr. Caswell sent me a Letter to enquire about it, 
which I have mislaid, not thinking but the matter would 
have been issued long agoe. Please to tell him from me, 
that I never received a farthing of the Money, or any 
Goods it might have been invested in. And the Legatees 
will be greatly wronged, if their Legacies be witheld from 
them. I knew Mr. Whiting well, drank with him almost 
every day when in London, and I would be loth his Estate 
should have the Curse of this Omission of Justice. Pre- 
sent my Services to him, and tell him so much. I am 
much troubled that I did not full answer his own Letter, 
but now I canot recover it. Hoping things will be brought 
to a fair and equal Issue, I take leave, who am Sir, though 
unknown, your Serv* Sam. Sewall. 

Put into Capt. Fosters bagg with that sent me from the 
Westward directed to him. 

As also Mr. Ruck's on the Bridge ; 3 in all. 



SAMUEL sewall TO JEREMIAH DUMMER. 

To Mr, Jeremiah Durmner^ at Leyden in Holland. 

March 12, 170f 

Sir, — I am glad to hear of your safe arrival in Eng- 
land and Holland, by which means will have Oportunity 
to see and hear what Europe and the whole world aflTords. 
We are well. It hath pleased God to make this fiftieth 
year of my Age a Jubilee to me in giving me a daughter 
born Janf 2. So I hope, if good cheer offers, you will 
henceforward allow me to feast upon Friday. The Mercy 
is the more surprising, because my wife had two such 
hazardous Travails before; and her Pains and Sickness 
and Maladies so numerous, her fear and misgiving of heart 
so much, that we were even ready to succumb and rather 



268 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

expect her Funeral than Delivery, she being Almost all 
along in doubt whether she were with child or no. I have 
named my daughter Judith for the sake of her worthy 
Grandmother Hull. I would have you assist me with 
your Prayers, that God would teach my little Judith and 
her Brothers and Sisters to speak the Language of Canaan 
naturally and well ; and that she may Uve and so behave 
her self as to make a glad father and Mother, and give us 
still fresh cause to praise God upon her account. Upon 
the 25*? of February this Mercy was multiplied, when we 
heard that Archibald Macquerry of Charlestown had a 
Son born without Arms. Those members were not be- 
forehand described in God's book, and therefore could 
make no Appearance afterwards: Upon the 19*? and 20 
of Febr I saw the Cometic Blaze in the Heavens : It seemd 
to point from South-west to South-East. I am told that 
in the GuK of Florida it appeard formidable : To us twas 
far off pointing under Orion, fine and faint Stream so that 
the increasing moonshine rendred it invisible. And when 
the Full was past, it was not to be seen. 

You will pleasure me if you send me word, when the 
Jews observd their last Jubilee ; and whether with them, 
a Jubilee do not contain Fifty years. And whether the 
Jews in Holland and elsewhere doe begin their weekly 
Sabbath in the Evening. What the condition and state 
of Religion in Bohemia now is : and how the Reformed 
were treated at the Taking of Buda. Whether there be 
pure churches and Learned Orthodox Ministers in the 
Dutch Plantations in Asia; and the number of them. 
And whether the Hebdomadal Revolution was known and 
observed in the East-Indies before Christianity entered 
there. What church there is at Cape-bon-Sperance : and 
what the Families of French that were lately entertained 
there, and what else of Christianity there may be yet 
surviving in other parts of Africa. Whether the Religion 
of the Famous Synod of Dort be now professed in Holland. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 269 

Whether the Ministers are silent at Funerals ; If any Cross 
be made in Baptisme ; and what they think of its being 
retained in England. Now there is Eleven days differ- 
ence between the Old and New Style, I hear of an ingen- 
ious Kalender set forth in Holland, that doth exhibit both 
in a very pleasing way. If it be so, I should be glad to 
be the Owner of it. 

The Night following the W^ of this Moneth was filld 
with extraordinary Hurry and Confusion by reason of a 
dreadfuU Fire that broke forth in Mr. Thomson's Ware- 
house, by which that, and 6. or 7 more were laid waste. 
The blowing up of Mr. Fosters and my Countryman 
Bromfields, put a Stop to it. 

iVi? prodest quod non Icedere posstt idem} The dread of 
Powder lodgd in many of the Warehouses deterd men 
from approaching to hinder the progress of the Fire. The 
Losses of Mr. Busher, with whom the Fire began, Mr. 
George, under the same Roof, and Capt. Fayerwether 
are very distressing. 

Let us make Sure of a House not made with hands, 
eternal in the Heavens; and let us be laying up our 
Treasure there, that our hearts also may be there. And 
even while we are here upon Earth, Let our Conversation 
and Dealing be in Heaven. 

Praying God that you may advance in Learning and 
Piety by your peregrination, and that you may be season- 
ably returnd a richer Blessing to your native Country, I 
take Leave, who am Sir, your Loving Cousin and humble 
Serv? S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL CODDINGTON. 

To Nathari Coddington JEaqr. at Netoport on Hode-Island. 

March 18, 170f 

Sir, — Here is a certain woman in Town, Elisabeth 
Thurston by name, who was formerly my wives Maid 

^ Ovid, Triflt. 11. 266. — Eds. 



270 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

She has a Son more than two years old ; and she affirms 
that Mr. William Coddington your Son, is the Father of 
hers ; that no other man ever had any carnal knowledge 
of her ; and that she was tempted and overcome by his 
solicitation. She saith that at your Son's desire, she went 
to Providence in Rhode-Island Colony, and was there de- 
livered of her Son. She abode there among Strangers 
twelve weeks, and then went to her Brother to Wrentham, 
hoping no notice would have been taken of her there ; 
and not receiving any assurance from Mr. Coddington by 
Word or Letter how she should be supported at Provi- 
dence. This Return exposd her to the Law ; the censure 
and cost of it. From OctobT 27, 1699, she suckled her 
child a year and a half : and now pays two shillings p 
week for its diet in a good Family at Medfield; which 
charge takes up her whole Wages, and leaves nothing to 
furnish either of them with cloaths. She saith she never 
received any more than Ten pounds in the whole; and 
that there have been promises from your Son or you, or 
both, of some convenient Relief. And I am importuned 
by her and her Relations who are of my Friends and Ac- 
quaintance, to write to your self on her behaK. And cer- 
tainly there can be nothing more just and honorable, than 
for you to take some care of the poor Childs maintenance. 
And it should seem it might be more conveniently done 
here, than with you, where I hear your Son is well mar- 
ried. I earnestly desire you therefore to take some speedy 
and eflfectual Order in the premisses. To have to do with 
a woman not ones wife, is unchristian, But to desert ones 
own child so begotten is worse than pagan, and an Instance 
of the most vile Injustice both towards Mother and Son, 
and a Token of the greatest contempt of God, the Creator 
of all, unto whom we must all shortly give up our Ac- 
counts. It is grievous to me to have this occasion of 
writing, which you will I trust, easily believe. Please 
to favour me with an Answer, and such a one as may 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 271 

supersede any further writing or Speaking about this 
matter. My Service to your self and Madam Coddington 
from Sir, your sympathising friend and Servi S. S. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 



To Mr. John Ive. March, 20. 170^ About James Bull's 
coming home, Boston's Fire on the 10*? Inst Cometic Blaze 
seen 16, 19, 20. Febr. Inclosd the Order for the Fast. 

J) Capt. Eichd Foster : who saild March 2B. 170J. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

A Copy of a Letter to Mr, John Ive. 

June 13, 1702. 

Sir, — I have yours p Capt. Foster, giving a further 
account of the return of Captives ; and of the Death of 
Poor Thatcher of Yarmouth, which Anthony Heywood, 
now come in the Centurion, also informs me of. Upon 
the 4^ Novemby 1698, I writt to you to this purpose: 
" The Bill of Exchange drawn on you p Mr Andrew Bel- 
cher, dated October 25, for One Hundred and Fifty pounds 
Sterling Money of England, payable to me or my Order, 
must be placed to the Credit of Thomas Thatcher of Yar- 
mouth ; which I desire and Order you to do. The Money 
and Credit that procured this Bill, was raised in Several 
waies ; and account must be given of it that it may be 
proportionably restored again to those who have advancd 
it, if it be not employd in the B^demption of Said Thomas 
Thatcher of Yarmouth, or in his necessary Succour and 
Support. And for this reason it will be best to improve 
the Publick Money in the first place so far as it will goe." 
By the agreement of Mr. Joshua Gee who was instru- 
mental in gathering this money, I have drawn on you 
four Bills of Exchange for one Hundred Pounds, Ster- 
ling money of England, payable [to] Mn Christopher 



272 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Merriweather, in London, at Thirty Days Sight. Mr. Gee 
receivs the value here of Mr. William Dummer, in order 
to the restoring of it as is above mentioned. I make no 
doubt but you will honour the bills in making Payment 
according to them. As for the publick [money] that re- 
mains in your hand, of Thomas Thacher of Yarmouth or 
James Bull, it must still rest there ; for the present I can 
obtain no other order or direction about it. I am thank- 
full to you on behalf of the captives, and of the Council, 
for your effectual Soliciting on there account. And 
though the desired effect is not attained in every indi- 
vidual. We must submit, and Practice Gloryfying of God, 
as well in suffering, as doing of his holy will. I thank 
you for my prints ; Signifying the great Changes which 
God has seen meet to make in the English Nation and 
Plantations : Please to Accept of what is new here. By 
the prints We received p way of Newfoundland May 28, 
We reckoned it our duty imediately to proclaim her Majesty 
here, which was accordingly performed upon Friday, May 
29, 1702, Without waiting for any formal orders for the 
same. Capt. Mason is not yet arrived. The Centurion 
Arrived at Nantasket June 11*?, bringing our Govemour, 
as also a Lieiit. Govemour, Who is j^et unknown to us. 
We pray that his good deeds done for us may in time 
make him well known to us. But we hear so much of 
what G. Keith has done with you, in converting his Breth- 
ren, that we even wonder how you could Spare him. 
Many in this Province had rather he had stayed where he 
was so usef ull, as fearing that he will here do more hurt 
than Good. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM LOVERIDGE. 

To Mr. WiUiam Loveridge at Perth Amboy^ p Mr. Sam! ShqnzrcL 

July 21, 1702. 

Sir, — I had your Letter, though I have it not at hand 
at this time. As I remember, the Import of it is to 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 273 

desire favour, with some bemoaning your self as to the 
charges you had been put to. I will assure you your 
being put to so great charges, was no pleasure but a grief 
to me. Yet I believe you will acknowledge, I was com- 
pelled to employ another, Whenas my own Letters had 
no effect. I have this day been looking upon your Mort- 
gage ; and I find the day assignd you for the payment 
Of One Hundred and Sixty pounds of our Money, was the 
13^ of November last past ; So that ever since, you have 
been liable to have it put in Suit. Let these Lines quicken 
you to take some effectual Order about it. My want of 
Money to pay my just Debts, and your own Interest to 
avoid any further additional Costs, doe both call for it. 
Let me hear from you speedily. I intend to send these 
by Mr. Shepard, who is my friend and yours. This is aU 
at present from him who is, Su-, your fnend and Serv*. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Mr. Thomas Bridge of Cohanzy in New-Jersey, 
Aug? 30, 1702, Giving an account that I had sent him 
50- viz — 12- Calvin Isa Danl Ames. Medulla, Cases, and 
Mr. Gales's Christian Amitie. 38- Money ; viz. 6p? | two 
N. E. Shillings in a little Liiien purse sealed and marked 
with sunken Ink T. B. Left them with Mr. Wilkins to 
be deliverd to Thomas Jacobs the Skippar. Are of Mr. 
Joshua Gee's 15. pf | which have divided between you 
and Mr. Lord of Carolina. The Good Lord defend his 
own Cause and People. Let your Prayers be offered up 
for this, and for. Sir, your friend and Serv? S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSEPH DUDLEY. 

Copy of a Letter to OoxT. Dudley. 

Aug* 10, 1702. 

Sib, — About Six hours after parting with your Excel- 
lency, I was arrested with the sad News of the decease 

VOL. I. — IS. 



274 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

of my dear Sister Mrs. Mehetabel Moodey at Newbury, 
Aug? 8, a little before Sun-Rise. She liv'd desir'd, and 
dyes Lamented by her Neighbours. Certainly I have 
lost a noble Spring of Love and Respect. I mistake! 
Though she was a very ingenuous, tender-hearted, pious 
creature ; yet but a little crazy Cistern, and the breaking 
of it so soon (37. years 3 m-) is a Rebuke directing me 
to the FOUNTAIN of Living Waters. My Brother would 
fain have me assist at her Funeral. I think to goe if it 
be deferd till to morrow. I ask your Excel' pardon that 
I have wept these Tears in your presence : Griefs disclosd 
divide. I am your Excel? most humble Serv* S. S. 

I crave your Excel? Favour for my Son by whom I send 
these. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO FRANCIS COLLINS. 

To Mr. Francis CoUina Merchant in London under covert of CoU 

Hyfidd, 

Sepb^ 8, 1702. 

Sir, — The good and great Character I received of the 
late Reverb Mr. Jn? Collins, from Mr. Urian Oakes, and 
William Stoughton Esqr., very intelligent and Credible 
Witnesses ; and the real Worth of your Grandfather and 
Grandmother Collins, with whom I had the honor to be 
acquainted, made me ready to Lend her, Mrs. Martha Col- 
lins widow of Charlestown, in the years 1698, and 1699 
Four and Twenty pounds of our Money, for her more 
comfortable Subsistence ; of which I have receivd no part. 
I am now, not only out of Cash, but in Debt. K there- 
fore you see cause to reimburse me that 'Sum, you will 
oblige your truly loving Friend and humble Serv? S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 



To Mr. John Love 9' 16'?, 1702. Lay out what you 
have of mine in your hand, in good steel-blew Duffals 
and send p the first good ship. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 275 

To Mr. John Ive 9f 16*?, 1702, Giving advice of the 
receipt of his Letters p Merry and Wentworth. That p 
Merry came to hand last week which brought the later 
and better Advice of the Bill of Exchange being paid to 
Christof Merriwether dated June 13, 1702. Though [I] 
shewd Cousin this Letter, yet to satisfie him, Now write 
to you to pay it, if it be yet unpaid. The Truth is, 'twas 
my Kinsmans Omission that the Letter of Advice went 
no sooner. Enclosed a Fast [Day Sermon?]. Sent a 
Copy also. Cousin takes all three Letters to send them 
to Portsmouth p Mr. Epaphr[a]s Shrimpton, to goe by 
the Fleet. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR WILLIAM ASHHURST. 

To Sir WiUiam Ashhurst^ Knight. 

Dec! 22, 1702. 

Hon'" Sir, — There is a matter of Moment in which I 
want a certainty of Information, and know none else that 
may be so likely to assist me in it as your Honor, having 
with Reputation sustained the place of Judge for the 
Great City.^ It has of late been controverted who it is 
that signs the Warrant for the Execution of persons con- 
demned to dye. I therefore entreat your Honor to inform 
me who signs the Dead Warrant for such as are con- 
demned at the Old Baily : and to send me a Copy of one 
of those Warrants, if it may be. As also who signs the 
Warrant for persons condemned to dye by Her Maj? Itin- 
erant Justices in their Circuits. And whether the Queen 
ever sign the Warrant, except for those who are Tryed 
by the Lords. If you condescend to favour me in the 
Premisses, you will very much oblige S. S. 

^ Sir William Ashhurst, as an alderman of London, was not only a magis- 
trate for the city, but would, according to long-established practice, have his 
name inserted in the commission issued for the trial of causes at the Old Bailey. 
As to the subject on which Sewall sought information, see 4 Bl. Com. 403, 
404. — Eds. 



276 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

It comes in my mind to tell your Honor one sad story ; 
Sam. Chapen an Indian that could not goe but upon 
Crutches, murderd his Cousin Sam- [an] Indian at Wey- 
mouth the last Summer. It was sad to see or hear how 
swift his wooden feet were to shed iiiocent Blood — with 
a short knife wherewith he stabd his Neighbour. He 
livd at Braintry and yet was miserably ignorant as to 
Religious Concerns. But by the Unwearied Endeavours 
of Mr. C. Mather and others directed by him, tis hopd 
he dyed a true Penitent. Mr. Mather went and prayd 
with him at the place of Execution. I venturd to lay 
out Eleven Shillings to purchase his Cloaths and a Cofl&n 
of rough Boards. I hope this Humanity will help to rec- 
oncile the Indians to the Justice done on their Country- 
man. Novf [sic] 25, 1702. Sent a Copy p Capt. Alford's 
Ship. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSEPH DUDLEY. 

Letter to Oov"^ Dudley. 

Jan^ b% 170f. 

May it please your Excellency, — The stormy 
weather on Friday last hindred my going to Roxbury to 
meet Devotion. The next morning he came to Kent's and 
sent for me thither, where I cheapned his Homested . He 
seems to offer it for 150 £. Saith he has there Twelve 
Acres. In the Reer it buts upon my Land all the breadth 
of it. Upon which account I reckon it far more conven- 
ient than Bairstow's. The House is Raw and unfinished. 
Are two good Lower Rooms, and one good Chamber. That 
towards Bairstow's is but a sorry one ; Only, one may see 
the Windmill go, in it. Bam and Outhousing Ranshackld. 
Orchard, especially that part towards the River much 
decayed. Bairstow's Lot he bought of Griggs is cut off 
from his Homested, which will make it of far less value 
for any one but me. Yesterday being pleasant, I took a 
view of these things. Coming home, waited on Madam 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 277 

Dudley, who was in health, and all your family left with 
her. While I was there, Mr. Hubbard's Letter from 
Hampton was brought by Mr. Campbells youth. Were 
glad to read your health and of your Company. Mr. 
Turfrey is very dangerously sick of the Small Pocks : I 
saw him about 11 to day, and heard Mr. Willard pray 
with him. I pray your Advice as to Devotion's Offer : 
If that be bought, I doe not know but it may be fitted 
up so as to accomodat our Children. A New house will 
cost much Money: And then Furniture and Stock for 
the Land will stUl be wanting. I am so far from having 
Money to procure these things, that I am already much 
in Debt. And the Land with either of the Three Houses 
in Town (especially if Devotion's be purchased) will ex- 
ceed my Sons proportion. As to a Deed, I have none 
drawn, and am not fully resolvd in my own mind. One 
principal preliminary will be my Son's renouncing what 
might have fallen to him at his Grandmothers decease ; 
as his sister Hirst has done. I pray God to direct and 
help us to doe for the best. My wife is indisposed by a 
pain in her back. I am told the Gosport and Company 
Saild yesterday morning. My daily Prayers are that God 
would assist you in your present Negotiations, that all 
may tend to the wellfare of both Provinces. My Service 
to the Gentlemen where you are, as may be convenient. 
I am Sir, your Excellf Brother and humble Serv* S. S. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Mr. Edw. Taylor, Jan^ 11^, with an Account of the 
Small Pocks and Fever, of the News from BristoU via N. 
york, of Octf- 25, Returning of our Fleet from Cadiz with- 
out Success ; lost above 1000. Men. Earl of Peterborough 
goes Go vemour to Jamaica ; • Sir Be vil Grenvil to Barba- 
dos. Govemours Conference Indians. 



278 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSEPH DUDLEY. 

Boston, Feb. 26, 170f. 

May it please your Excellency, — I have yours by 
my Son. I sent to Bairstow yesterday, and have now re- 
ceived his Deeds, in order to drawing one, which I intend 
to get done. If you please to prepare Articles relating 
to his continuance one year, it will be gratefull to me. 
As for the Lands included in the privat Act sent to White 
Hall for Allowance, I cannot make a Deed of them, till I 
hear from thence. 

That God may direct you in our Oeconomicks; and 
especially in the weighty Affairs of the Province, is the 
continual Prayer of your Excellencys most humble and 
obedient Serv? S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO REBECCA SEWALL. 

To my daugJUer Mrs, Hebecka SeioaU at Roxhury. 

March 4, 170f. 

Dear Child, — I have sent you another Motto; Flo- 
rent Concordia Regna ; Agreement makes Kingdoms flour- 
ish. You may doe what you will with the Gold, only 
keep the Motto, it being all I have. And indeed if I had 
more, I could not send you a better ; for even a Family 
is a little Kingdom. The Small Pocks is now almost out 
of the Town ; so that I hope you will not be kept out of 
the Town much longer by it; but that you may come 
and see us. Your Mother intends to set about weaning 
your sister Judith next week. She Remembers her Love 
to you ; as also doth your Loving father. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVB. 

To Mr. John Ive, 

March 10, 170}. 

Sir, — In yours of the 15*? Novembf 1701, you men- 
tion the Laying out of Twenty four pounds Six shillings 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 279 

in Cloaths and other Necessaries, for James Bull late 
Captive in Maccaness; and five pounds for his Passage 
hither with Capt. Hearing : and enquire what you should 
doe with the Residue of his Money. I now therefore 
desire and Order you to pay what remains in your hand 
of the Money remitted for his Redemption and Relief, 
unto the said James Bull, or his Order ; your own neces- 
sary charges being first deducted. This is the Second 
Order I have written you, for fear of Miscarriage in this 
time of War. I am Sir, Your Humble Servf. S. S. 

To Mr. John Ive 
Merchant in I^ondon. 

N. I deliverd both these Orders to Eleazer Dorbee for 
his Brother, James Bull. 



JOSEPH DUDLEY TO SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Draft op a Lbttbr proposed by Dudley to be written by Sewall. 

Copy. 

Sir, — When I treated with you of a Marriage between 
my eldest Son and your Daughter, I offerd you a Settle- 
ment for them of my Lands at Muddy-River or Hog-Island, 
for his present Settlement; and to treat him afterwards 
in all Divisions of my Estate, as my Eldest Son.^ And 
the said Marriage being since consumat, and good hopes 
of Issue therefrom; I have no intention nor reason to 
draw back from my said offers. And because there wanted 

^ Marriage settlements made between parties before marriage and in con- 
templation of the same, as distinguished from post-nuptial contracts, have 
never been so common in the United States as in England, and even in the 
latter country they have always been largely confined to the nobility and 
wealthy classes. In such cases, the *< marriage contract " is looked upon as 
** in the nature of a bargain and sale,'' and is ** usually carried on by parents 
and guardians to promote family pride and influence." In the United States 
marriage settlements are more frequently entered into as a means of securing 
to the wife a comfortable subsistence free from any claims on ihe part of the 
husband's creditors. — Eds. 



280 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL, 

an Act of Assembly to enable me to pass the Muddy-River 

Lands to my Son as aforesaid, upon his choice thereof, 

which [causes] some delay in the Deeds of settlement, 

and you have thereupon demurd to proceed in building 

upon the said Land; I have sent you the Copy of the 

Deeds for the said Lands, which I promise to Seal and 

execute by my own and wife's hands when the said Act 

shall be duly passd at home, or otherwise in force. And 

in the mean time do assure you, if by any means my Son 

and daughter be not entituled to that Land, you shall be 

no Loser by your Expences there. I have given him a 

Deed for the house in Boston, as I promised, and the 

Deeds of the Deeds [sic] of the purchase I lately made of 

Bairsto. And heartily wish that of my family well as I 

ought to do for all my children, and my first Son in the 

first place. 

I am 

If Mr. Sewall writes me a Letter of this Import, I shall 

proceed to build ; otherwise not ; And desire you to keep 

this when you have shewed it to your father. 

To Mr, Samuel SewaU. J. DuDLEY. 

This was deliverd me by my Son at the Assembly- 
House March 17, 170f , as I stepd out of the Coach in the 
morning. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO jTOSEPH DUDLEY. 

To OovT, Dudley. 

March 29, 1703. 

Sir, — Seeing we may not, contrary to our own hands 
and Seals, entitie one of our Children to all Muddy-River 
Lands, though our eldest Son, Untill by the Confirmation 
of the Act of Assembly, we be enabled thereunto; we 
do therefore now promise that so soon as the Act shall 
become valid, we will make a firm Deed of the Muddy- 
River Lands imto our Eldest Son and his wife, and the 
survivor of them; and after their decease to our Sons 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 281 

Children by her ; and for want of such issue, to be to the 
children of our Son lawfully begotten on any other 
woman : And for want of such to be to the heirs of Capt. 
Hull. Provided that our Son and Daughter Sewall do at 
the same time make a firm Release of the Lands he be- 
came seisd of at his Grandmothers death : as their Brother 
and Sister Hirst have done. And if you please to signify 
under your hand what you will give your daughter twill 
be obliging to us. We have said and promisd thus much 
that so what Improvement you may think convenient to 
make on the Land by Building or planting, you may not 
be delayed, or be uneasy in it for want of a present Set- 
tlement. Praying God to direct and overrule the whole 
affair so as may be for the Comfort of your Excellency 
and Madam Dudley, and our selvs and Children, we take 
Leave, who are your Excel? humble Serv? S. S. 

H.S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr. Ive. 

March 29, 1703. 

Sib, — James Bull has been long soliciting, and at last 
coming in so good a time, when by her Maj? Bounty all 
the Captives are Redeemd and actually freed out of 
Salley: He has obtaind to have all that remains of his 
Redemption Money in your hands free of charge, paid to 
him: and I have accordingly given him two Orders to 
receiv it dated the 10*? Inst?. I doubt not of your ob- 
servance of them; are of the same Tenor and date. 
Accept of a Copy of our Order for a Thanksgiving. 

Sir, your humble ServJ 
p Capt. Alford'B Ship. S. S. 



282 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL AND EDWARD BROMFIELD TO REV. THOMAS 

BRroOE. 

To Mr. Thomas Bridge at Cohanzy in Weat-New^eray. 

Apr. 22, 1703. 

Sir, — At my Return from Plimouth-Court Apr. 3"* I met 
with Mr. Charles Chauncey's Letter bewailing the death 
of my honoured and dear Friend Mr. Israel Chauncey^ 
of Stratford, March 14- about 9. m. [mane] . He bemoans 
their Loss in these words. "We are left very weak in 
" the fall of our Ancient and Honorable. Very few gray 
" Hairs are to be found in the Colony, in Civil or Sacred 
"Improvement: Sure I am there are now none to be 
"found in this County." 

I was much affected with this sad News: the rather 
because the pious Son performd the part of an Executor 
to his dear Father in writing this Letter, to answer mine 
of March 8^. And the truth is the Circumstances of the 
Province of the Massachusetts, are much the same with 
those of Conecticut but now mentioned : Our Ancient and 
Honourable are very much thin'd of late : Mr. Stoughton 
and Mr. Brinsmead are in particular very much miss'd : 
and other Cedars in our Lebanon are shaking and ready 
to fall.^ While I was upon this 3? of April thus surprised 
with SorA)w : some Friends came in who refreshd me with 
saying that a new effort had been made to persuade you 
to come and see Boston. My worthy friend and Country- 
man Mr. Edw. Bromfield and I observing the earnest de- 
sire of many of our Friends and Neighbours to enjoy your 
Company ; resolv'd to give you a Line or two as an Ap- 
pendix to their Letters lately sent you. We hope if it 
please God to incline your heart to visit these parts, It 

* Rev. Israel Chauncy, H. C. 1661, son of President Chauncy and Min- 
ister of Stratford, Conn., died 1703. — Eds. 

^ It puts me in mind of the Aged and Godly Learned Mr. Fitch, who 
died at Lrebanon this last winter. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWilLL. 283 

will be a happy Expedient for the Satisfactory and agree- 
able Repairing some one of our many Breaches : for which 
we shall have cause to bless the Sun of Righteousness, 
Rising Westward on us, with Healing under his Wings.* 
The small Pocks and Fever are almost quite ceased ; and 
the Town is become very healthy agen. Praying God 
to direct you in favour to your self, and us, we take leave, 
who are Sir, your friends to serve you. 

S. Sewall. Edw. Bromfield. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. Charles Chauncey of Connecticut inclosing two 
Sermons, and two of the Qu? Speeches, Apr. 23, 1703. 

To Mr. James Noyes of Stonington Apr. 23, 1703, in- 
closing two Sermons of the Sabbath, and two of the Qu? 
Speeches. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSEPH MORSE. 

To Capt. Joseph Morse of Sherhoum, 

June 17, 1703. 

Sir, — I thank you for calling at my house; should 
have been very glad I had been at home. Mr. Lynde 
speaks of going to Sherboum next Monday to run the 
Line of his Farm. I shall not intermeddle in it. I hope 
the Comittee will looke to the Grant and Piatt, and Sur- 
veying ; that there may be some end of this matter. I 
challenge all the Meadow upon Boggestow Brook near 
Winthrop's Pond, except Six Acres. Mr. Sherman has 
given me a Parchment Piatt of what he Surveyed for me 
upon the 13^ of April Last. 

As to Kibbee's Tenement, I shall not depart a jot from 

^ Mr. Bridge finally accepted a call from the First Church m Boston and 
became its assistant minister in 1705. £llifi*8 Hist, of First Church in 
Boston, 100 et seq, — Eds. 



284 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

the line so well known to your self and others. And if 
any go to infringe it, or run any Line within it, I desire 
and Order you in my Name to forbid and resist them to 
the uttermost. For the land taken in by Ens. Bullen's 
Stone-wall, more than the ancient Bounds of the Farm 
contained: I have inclosed a Petition to the Comittee 
about it, which I desire you to manage for me. So I 
remain, Sir, your obliged friend and Serv*. 

Copy of the Petition. 

To Mr. Thomas Holbrook, Samuel Morse, John Hol- 
brook, Joseph Twitchel, and serj' Nathanael Morse, the 
Comittee for ruiiing Lines in the Farms of Sherboum 
and to all other of the Inhabitants of the Town of Sher- 
boum, whom it doth concern. 

Gent?, — These are to thank you for the kind Assist- 
ance you gave me when at your Town last April in run- 
ing and Renewing my Lines. It seems Mr. Bullen in 
setting up the Stone-wall in the Farm where my Tenant 
Adams dwells. Took in some Acres more than belongd to 
or was containd in the ancient Bounds of the Farm. 

These are therefore to pray you to confirm to me and 
my Heirs for ever all that Land which the Stone-wall 
takes in; which I shall thankfully Acknowledge; who 

am gent, your friend and Servt. 

Boston, June 17^, 1708. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO STEPHEN WESENDUNCK. 

Copy of a JLeUer to Mr, Stqphen Wesendunck Merchant in London. 

July 23, 1703. 

Sir, — I am informed that all the Money Remitted to 
you for the Relief and Redemption of Mr. Anthony 
Haywood late Captive in Salley, is not exhausted. The 
Contribution here was put into my hand by order of the 
Govf and Council, June 25, 1695. I have lately at the 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 285 

Request of the said Haywood, moved his Excellency 
the Govf and Council that now is, and they have directed 
me that the remainder of the Money in your hand be 
delivered to the said Anthony Haywood or his order, 
your own necessary Charges being first deducted. The 
Captives being all Redeemed by the National Charity is 
the reason of this Direction; which was first made for 
James Bull. You are therefore hereby directed and or- 
dered to deliver the Money remaining in your hands on 
account of the said Haywood, unto him or his order, for 
which this shall be a sufficient Discharge to you, having 
his Receipt on the same. This is all the needfull at pres- 
ent from Sir, your friend and Serv? S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL PARTRIDGE. 

To Mr. Samuel Partridge^ Hatfidd. 

Aug* 24, 1703. 

Sir, — Last Thorsday I pray'd the GovT and Council to 
give their Advice what was best to be done in this junc- 
ture, as to the sitting of Springfield Superior Court ; and 
they were unanimously of Opinion that it could not now 
conveniently be held. Your foreknowledge of it will 
enable you to give notice, and doe what you may to pre- 
vent fruitless Travail and Charge. The Govf and Council 
purpose to move the Gen! Court to make an Order, that 
persons concemd may have their Election; whether to 
have their Actions Try'd here at Boston in November 
next, or at Springfield, at an Adjournment to some time 
next year. 

MEMORANDUM. 

Sept?. 7*^, 1703. Writt largely to Mr. James Noyes of 
Stonington p Mr. Dowell. 



286 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr. Ive j? the Bristolman. 

Octt 29, 1703. 

Sir, — I am surprisd with yours of the 30^ Aug? p 
Capt. Blanket. I am afraid James Bull's poverty has 
tempted him to doe unfairly by his Brother-in-Law 
Dorby, who bought his Money of him and paid him 
here. Dorby is now at Pensilvania. When he comes 
home he may write more distinctly about it. Am sorry 
you paid him without my Order. However, stop there. 
It may be his necessity may atone his Brother as to a 
Suit of Cloaths. Many Letters have miscarried. Am 
thankf ull for yours. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN IVE. 

To Mr. John Ive^ By the William and Mary OaUy : John GraziUiere 

Comander. 

Nov! 5, 1703. 

Sir, — The above-written is copy of two Orders dated 
Mar. 10, 170f, I writt and deliverd Mr. Eliezer Dorby 
Brother-in-Law to James Bull, who was to endorse them. 
By his own Solicitation and my Assistance, the Governor 
and Council were prevaild with to order what remaind of 
his Collection in your hands, to be paid to him the said 
James Bull : And his Brother Dorby bought the Money 
of him here, and paid him for it, at least in a great part. 
Dorby is now expected home from Pensilvania. Then 
you will have a more perfect account. He will be smr- 
prised to see what you write by Capt. Blanket. I have 
written to you vik Bristol already, to forbear delivering 
Money to James Bull till further Order. He must not 
Eat his Cake, and have it too. I thank you for your 
Prints: Several of my Letters to you have miscarried. 
May this goe safe. 

Sir, Your humble Serv* S. S. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL- 287 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NEHEMIAH WALTEB. 

To Mr. Neh. Walter. 

Boston, zr. 4, 1703. 

Sir, — The Comissioners for the Indian Affairs, are to 
have a Meeting at the Council-Chamber next Second-day, 
at Two in the Afternoon: At which your Company is 
desired. 

Mr. Walter, The last time I had the Parable of the 
Sower read to me, I began to think whether it might not 
comprehend the Preaching of the Gospel to the end of 
the World ; and that not only in general ; but also with 
a distinction of Time and Place. At first the Gospel was 
preached in Asia, where the Seed was quickly trbden 
down and devoured: the Government setting themselvs 
with all Earnestness against it. In Africa, the numerous 
flourishing Churches were quickly scorched up by the 
vehement Heat of Persecution : Not unlike the Grass in 
that burning clime. I perceive by Austin, only the Trees 
dare shew their heads in the Sumer Time. 

In Europe, we too well know, how it was choaked with 
Thorns of worldly Hypocritical Interests; though it had 
longer time there to grow. Why may we not, without 
being ridiculous, hope that the American Men and Women 
are the Good Ground that shall prove wonderfully fruit- 
full? If you mind it, the same Order of the Ground is 
observed in the Three Evangelists. This Parable marches 
in the front of the Parables ; and mention is made of the 
Mysteries of the Kingdom in each place. Which word, I 
think apears not again in the Evangelists. Christ's preach- 
ing out of a Ship may put one in mind what great use 
Christ has made of Ships to propagat the Gospel. Paul 
was carried in a ship to Rome. The Islands can receive 
the Gospel no other way. This is the way whereby the 
Kingdoms of this New World will become the Kingdoms 
of our Lord and of his Christ. Desiring your Prayers that 



288 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

I may prove a Loyal Subject of tKis Kingdom, I take 
Leave. 

Tis a great encouragement to Ministers to be diligent 
in Sowing, because we are sure the Evening will be abun- 
dantly more fruitfull than the Morning has been, in Asia, 
Africa, Europe, and America. 

To ditto. 

XT. 16, 1703. 

Sir, — I thank you for coming to Town yesterday to 
follow my little Grandson to his Long Home. I thank 
you for bearing me company as far as you can in the 
fashion of your Head-Dress. The Truth is, a Great Per- 
son has furnished me with Perukes Gratis, these Two and 
Fifty years, and I cant yet find in my heart to goe to 
another. I look upon you now as the Pastor of my Son 
and Daughter : and pray you to buy your self and Mrs. 
Walter a pair of Gloves with the enclosed Arabian piece 
of Gold. Desiring your Prayers for me, and mine, I I 
\8ic\ take Leave. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSEPH THOMSON. 

To Mr. Joseph Thomson, 

Jan! 18*^, 170}. 

Sir, — I have yours of the 9^^ June, in behalf of Mrs. 
Barker. My dear and only surviving Brother, Majf 
Stephen Sewall served his Time at Salem, and is well 
acquainted with the Affairs of that place; and is clerk 
of the Inferiour Court. The last time he was in Town 
he discoursd with me about Mrs. Barkers Demands ; and 
seemed confident, that if pleas that may be made from 
the Attainder of Mr. Hugh Peters be provided against, 
she must obtain. If it please God to continue me in the 
Station I am in at present, as there is Opportunity, I hope 
I shall maintain a vigorous Impartiality in the Case and 
your Lines will help to awaken me thereunto. The 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 289 

Memory of Mr. Peters is still set by in SaJem. Mr. Jona- 
than Corwin, one of the Council, tells me he was baptized 
by him. I am Sir, your obliged Friend, and humble 
Serv* S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO STEPHEN SEWALL. 

To Brother SewaU. 

JanT 27, 170}. 

Tell Mr. Noyes^ that many of the most valuable Authors 
I have met with do assert, that Christ's setting of his feet 
Rev. 10- is to signify his taking possession of the Universe 
for himself. And I hold that He set his Right foot on the 
New World ; and his Left, on the Old. The New World 
was by the Ancients counted Sea ; and the Sea has given 
Name to it since "The Islands and Main Land of the 
Ocean Sea." I can find no apter distribution of the 
World. And if this be true, and taken for granted ; it 
will much help us to rectify our Apocalyptical Chronology. 
For then it appears that the Action of Setting the Right 
Foot on the Sea &c. must bear date after the year 1492. 
Which is about Two hundred years later than some Ex- 
positers have computed ; who assign the year 1300, for 
the Time. Whereas Christians did not get footing in 
America before the Discovery of Christopher Columbus. 
For how innumerable are the Vanities of Hornius^ his Car- 
thaginian Dream. Lib. 2. p. 129. Surely such an Author 
in Scotland would have been put to the Horn ; and would 
not have been relaxed, till he had exhibited a more con- 
venient Exit for his feigned Phenician Colony. What 
was become of the Horses? What was become of the 
Neat-Cattel, and Sheep ? What was become of the Euro- 

^ Rev. Nicholas Noyes, of Salem, a man of learning and marked ability 
as a preacher. In common with many others he shared in the witchcraft 
delusion ; bat what was more rare, he afterwards repented of the part which 
he took and asked forgiveness of all who had survived the force of his mis- 
taken energy. — £db. 

^ Georgios Hornius, De Originibus Americanis, Hag. Com., 1652. 

VOL. I. — 10 



290 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL, 

pean Trees and Herbs ? What was become of the Ship- 
Carpenters, and Workers in Iron ? Of all which there was 
necnotanec vesUgium; neither Name nor Thing to be found 
in the New- World at the arrival of the Spaniards there. 

And this Timing of the Vision, suits with the place it 
obtains in the Revelation ; just after the Outrages of the 
Turks. The very same year that Belgrade was added to 
the Ottoman, Mexico was added to the Christian Empire, 
viz : 1521. And as Christ did more apparently set his 
Foot on America, when the New-English Worthies Landed 
here : So this Date will render the Accomodation still 
more easy. I am apt to think that the Agenda of the 
Apocalypse are placed according to the latest Date. As 
an Account consisting of many Dates from January to 
December, one may comprise them in one Article, and 
use only the December Date. 

Praying that you and I may be Listed of this Angel's 
Guard ; and that by the Refraction of His, a Secondary 
Rainbow may unquestionably defend and adorn our heads, 
I take Leave. If Mr. Noyes does not agree to it, let him 
impugn my Thesis. S. S. 

N. I sent a Copy of the above-written to Mr. Richard 
Henchman, Febr. 24^, 170f [sic] returning his verses.^ 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN SEWALL 

To Cousin John Sewdll at Nevobury. 

Febr. 23, 170}.« 

Dear Cousin, — I have yours dated Febr. IV^ which 
I received this week ; wherein you ask my Advice in a 
very important Affair ; viz : that of your Marriage. You 

^ Mr. Henchman frequently paid Sewall the compliment of making verses 
in his honor. Copies of some of these, composed both at an earlier and also 
at a later date than that mentioned in the text, may be foand in the Boston 
Public Library. Seepo«/, 318; Vol. 11. 104. — Eds. 

« See in Augt. 23, 1707, and July 16, 1708. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 291 

tell me you have been advised to marry the Widow of 
your Cousin German. Tis pity that any have been so 
Unadvisd themselvs, as to prompt you to do a needless 
thing, about which Advice is needed, to know whether it 
be LawfuU or No. You say, some Scruple it. And if 
you your self do not Scruple it at present, you are not 
sure that you shall not Scruple it after you are married ; 
and that in such a distressing manner, as that all the Di- 
vines in New-England shall not be able to relieve you, or 
give you Satisfaction. There have been such Instances. 
You say you have th8t it not so near as Second-Cousins 
by Bloud. In this you are plainly mistaken : for it is by 
Casuists laid down as a Rule in these Cases, That Degrees 
of Consanguinity and Affinity do equally affect Marriage.^ 
For my own part, it is not plain to me that it is LawfuU 
for Pirst-Cousins to marry : I rather incline to think it is 
Unlawfull. And we ought to have a great care, that we 
be not so ignorantly zealous in casting off the Yoke of 
Antichrist, as therewithal to cast off any part of the Yoke 
of CHRIST.^ It is not easy to conceive how a man's 
marrying his Sister, should be a Capital Crime ; and yet 
the Marriage of Cousin Germans should be blameless and 
Commendable, whereas they make the very next Relation 
of equal degree. Dr. John Owen in his excellent Expo- 
sition of the Hebrews, hath this passage — " Brotherhood 
"with respect to a near Stock, as the Children of the 
" same Parents ; which in the Scripture is constantly ex- 
" tended unto Grandfathers also. Heb, 13. 1. p. 203." 
Now if the Scripture Reckons Grandfathers, Fathers : the 
Scripture Ukewise Reckons Cousins Germans among Broth- 
ers and Sisters, and so uncapable of Intermarriage. In- 
deed, who can think it a comly and pleasant Sight for a 
Grandfather to see his own Children joined together in 

— -*- . - — 

^ This is the argument of those who consider marriage with a deceased 
wife's sister as invalid. — £ds. 
« Levit. 20. 17. 



292 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Marriage ? Who can think it prudent and profitable for 
Cousin Germans to seek a Marriage-Union ; Whenas they 
see themselves One already in their Grandfather ? Who 
can think that it is not Unreasonable and absurd for a 
man to marry his great Unkles Widow ? and yet this will 
alsp be justified if the Marriage of Cousin Germans be 
allowed. And it has been done. I will tra[n]scribe you 
a few passages out of the Assemblys Annotations on 
Levit. 18. " It is safe to forbear what is doubtfull, and 
"to keep aloof from what is unlawfuU; especially the 
" choice of Lawfull Marriages being large enough, with- 
"out the hazard of so great a Sin as Incest. — In gen- 
" eral (since the Gospel is the Law of Love and Charity, 
"not to one Nation only, but all the World over) as far 
"as Consanguinity or Affinity will work in Affection, 
" without a new Tie of Matrimony : so far reacheth Matri- 
"monial Prohibition: and should then first begin, when 
" the Relations are so Remote, that they have little or no 
" Operations of Love : that so Charity might be more dif- 
" f usive ; and not so contracted to ones Kindred, as it was 
" among the Jews." I must needs say, it grieves me to 
think that the sweet and amiable Relations and Names 
of Unkle and Aunt should be sunk and drowned in this 
Torrent of Confusion. 

Learned men and Councils have been against these 
kind of Matches : yet because you ask my Advice, I will 
not refrain to give it. Doe that which is Safe, which is 
Most safe, in a matter of the greatest Importance. Be 
sure you have the Licence of Heaven to produce. If one 
were to purchase a Hundred Acres of Land, to build and 
plant on ; one would chuse to have an imdoubted and un- 
defamed Right to it ; and not Venture the Perplexity and 
Disappointment of a crazy Title. Much more ought a 
man to be concemd, to chuse such a Woman to be his 
wife, to whom he may have a good, clear, indisputable 
Title, without the least Flaw or Appearance of it. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 293 

Doe that which is Honorable, and of good Report 
Philip. 4. 8, 9. Marriage is Honorable. James Printer told 
me, the Indians call Cousin Germans, Brothers, as the Jews 
did. And he told me, the Indians seldom marry so near. 
Tis pity that any English Christian should need to be put 
to an Indian School to learn the practice of Temperance 
and Sobriety. The Generality of good people use to be 
displeasd and grieved at these Matches : And ordinarily, 
that which grieves the Saints grieves the Holy Spirit of 
God : And I am sure none will be gainers by that.* 

It would exceedingly delight me to hear you were well 
married ; But it would be a Damp to me to hear of you 
two becoming man and wife. 

Deare Cousin, if my Interest could help you to a good 
Match indisputably consonant to the Scriptures of Truth 
I should be very ready to improve it on your behalf, as I 
had oportunity : and should account my self, in the good 
success of it, to be highly favour'd of God, unto whose 
Protection and Direction I commend you, and desire to 
be commended by you. I thank you for your Information 
of my Cousin Moodey's being in the Service, and so many 
of his Flock: May the Shepherd of Israel keep them: 
and help them to kill the Lions and the Bears. Remem- 
ber my Love to your Mother, Sister Moodey and Cousins. 
Accept the inclosed Prints from your Loving Unkle 

S.S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO RICHARD HENCHMAN. 

To Mr. Richl Henchman, 

Febr. 24, 170}. 

Sir, — I send home your Verses with Thanks. There 
are many good strokes in them: but in my mind, the 
English excell. I think — dominantur undiq\u\e fravdes^ 
does not well end a verse ; the last syllable in [^Dcytninan" 
tur\ is short by Rule. I perceive Mr. Cotton Mather has 

1 1 Cor. 8. 12, 13. 



294 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

shewed you his conceptions as to the 10^ of the Revela- 
tion ; which puts me upon sending you what I writt to 
Brother to shew Mr. Noyes at Salem ; which is as follows ; 

Thus Sir, I have shewn you what passd between Mr. 
Noyes and me at that time. I writt a Letter to Mr. Noyes^ 
himself since : and several Hints passed before the above- 
written, of which I have no Copy. Do you frame all the 
Objections you can against this Phaenomenon : and if any 
thing to confirm it, be brought to your hand, favour me 
with it. Indeed I am ready to think that the Appearance 
of this Angel, the Slaughter of the Witnesses, the Drying 
up of Euphrates, and the Calling of the Jews, fall in very 
close together. I pray God we may be in a readiness to 
meet the Lord Jesus Christ at his Coming in every of 
them, and to wellcom Him being come. 

I am Sir, your friend and Serv* S. S. 

Some make the Abearance of the Angel to be as early 
as the year 518, and the person to be Justin the Emperour. 
Lyranus.2 Febr. 24. 170f. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EDMUND CALAMY. 

Copy of a Letter to Mr, Edmund Calamy in London. 

Jan! 24, 170}. 

Sir, — The English World is greatly indebted to you 
for your Abridgment of Mr. Baxter's Life ; especially the 
Ninth and Tenth Chapters of it : which I hope, in time 
may make a just voluin of themselves. I love your work 
so well that the least deviation in it from the Truth is an 
eye-sore to me. In the 99*? page there is this passage ; 
Sir Henry Vane being Govemour, and found to be the 



a 



1 See Sewairs Diary, II. 94, 99.— Eds. 

2 Nicholas de Lyra, a very voluminous author, contemporary of Robert 
Bruce and Sir John Mandeville. He was a Franciscan Monk, and flourished 
in France, a. d. 1291-1340. See Pope's ** Dunciad," I. 152, and **Guy Man- 
nering," Chap. XLIX., in which Counsellor Pleydell visits Colonel Manneriug 
at Woodboume. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL- 295 

" life of their cause^ was fain to steal away by night, and 
" take Shipping for England before his year of Government 
"was at an end.'* * 

This is a Mistake. In the year 1636, May 25, Henry 
Vane Esq5 was chosen Governour, John Winthrop EsqT 
Dep? Govf This was done at Boston. In the year 1635, 
the Election was held at Cambridge : So twas again May 
17, 1637, upon the Plain in the open Aer. Govf Vane 
was there, and had the Mortification to see the Excellent 
John Winthrop preferd before him, and chosen Governour 
(who had been Governour 1630, 1, 2, 3,). Indeed Mr. 
Vane seemd to stand so hard for being chosen again, as 
to endeavour to confound and frustrat the whole business 
of the Election, rather than that he himself should fail of 
being chosen. There was a great Struggle, he being the 
principal Magistrate, for managing the Election. My 
father has told me many a time, that he and others went 
on foot from Newbury to Cambridge, fourty miles, on 
purpose to be made free, and help to strengthen Govf 
Winthrop's Party. And I find his name in the Record 
accordingly. The New-English Planters were at this time 
hardly bestead ; being infested by the Pequot Indians, and 
the new Opinions at the same time. You may see an 
Account of Govf Vane in the 18*?* Page of Mr. C. Mathers 
Magnalia Christi Americana. Lib. 2. 

In the Ninth Chapter of the Abridgment, County of 
South-Hampton, Bishop-Stoke, p. 296. I would pray that 
in the next Edition, Mr. Cox's Christian Name may be 
added, which was [Henry]. Mr. Tho. Cox the Physician, 
who bought my Lord Steel's* [?] House in Warwick Lane 
London, and dwelt there, was his Brother. Mr. Henry 
Cox was a very worthy Minister, very desirable both for 



1 See N. E. Memorial, p. 205, and Sion's Saviour, p. 106. 

* Unless he was one of Cromwell's ** Lords," there was no such peer as 
Lord Steel. The nearest approach to the name is Lord Stawell, a peerage 
created in 1683. — Eds. 



296 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

his Prayer and Preaching ; a very affable, courteous Man, 
and of good Address. Was respected by other Minis- 
ters ; and when he came to Town, was visited by such as 
Jacomb and Jenkins. He had compassion upon his Scat- 
tered Flock ; and as he could, was helpfuU to tfiem. He 
sometimes preached at a place accomodated to the Five- 
mile Act. Afterward he preached in the Friery at South 
Hampton ; in which Town l^e Hvd and dy*d : from whence 
he was carried to Bishop-Stoke (a place near equally dis- 
tant between Winchester and Southampton) and buried 
in the church. A handsom Stone lyes upon his Grave 
bearing a short, but honorable Mention of him : which I 
have seen. When I was in London about fifteen years 
agoe. Two of Mr. H. Cox's daughters kept Shops upon 
the Exchange. The name of one of their Husbands, as I 
remember, was Marshal. Mr. Cox died more than Two 
and twenty years agoe. Praying your candid Interpre- 
tation of my writing to you after this maiier, I take Leave, 
who am, Sir, your humble Serv* S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL BYFIELD. 

To Col, NdtJianl Byfield, at Bristow, 

March 4, 170}. 

Sir, — These are to wish you and Madam Byfield joy 
of your retired Living at your pleasant Country-Seat at 
Bristow. The bereaved Benjamin Brown, EsqT presents 
Madam Byfield with the enclosed. The Fleet are yet at 
Nantasket, now again waiting only for a fair wind. 

My Brother Moodey of Newbury came to visit us this 
week : He tells me that the Inhabitants upon the upper 
part of the River Parker, who have Mr. Moses Hale for 
their Minister, having made his house habitable, took the 
advantage of Meeting in it upon the four and twentieth 
of February last, being the fifth day of the week, to con- 
sult about the concerns of their Infant-Parish : At which 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 297 

time they unanimously agreed to have the Place called 
Byfield. My Brother is to carry home a Book to Record 
their Transactions relating to their Settleing the Worship 
of God in that Quarter; and this among the rest. I pre- 
sume they will henceforward look upon you as their God- 
Father ; and will be ready gratefully to Acknowlege any 
Countenance and Favour you shall please to afford them. 
I pray God to bless you in your Retirement; and your 
Children here. I dined with Madam Taylor the first of 
February, after Lecture. My wife and self present our 
Service to you and your good Lady. I am Sir, your 
friend and humble Serv* S S, 



SAMUEL SEWALL (?) TO HENRY NEWMAN. 

To Mr, Henry Newman. 

March 6, 170}. 

Sir, — Do not disdain my Thanks for your kind Pres- 
ent from New-found-Land ; although, like lame Mephibo- 
sheth, they come late. I thank you for your Salutation 
p your Aunt Madam Usher. I have seen a Letter or 2 
of yours relating to the Society for propagation of the 
Gospel. Whatsoever diminutive thoughts you may have 
of your self ; I hope true Religion will be the more suc- 
cessfully promoted for your being admitted a member of 
that Society. It would be well if you could set on foot 
the printing of the Spanish Bible in a fair Octavo ; Ten 
Thousand Copies : and then you might attempt the Bomb- 
ing of Santa Domingo, the Havana, Porto Rico, and 
Mexico it self. I would willingly give five pounds to- 
wards the charge of it, if it shall be agreed to be convenient 
to be done. Mr. Leigh comends the Translation of Cy- 
priano Valera ; which I am owner of in folio. 

There is mention made of a new Translation of the 
Bible : If it go forward, I would propound One Word of 
amendment: John, 10. 16. The Word [Fold] in the 
latter part of the verse ought to be changed for the word 



298 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

[Flock] .^ The new French Translation has it [Z7w seul 
tropeau] I have a Latin Testament printed Parisifs ex 
offimia Rob. Stephani iypographi Regij M. D. XL V. He 
seems to be scrupulous in departing from the Vulgar 
Latin ; yet has this Marginal Reading [tU fiat xinus grex\ 
Beza in his latter edition, has \^gr€x\ Tremellius his 
Translation of the Syriack, rims thus \^fiet^i\e toius grez 
unus] In reading Austin upon the Psalms, I have often, 
met with, [^Unus grcx, umis pastor] Psal. 71. Col. 780. 
Psal. 77. Col. 852. Psal. 78. Col. 878. ter legUur. I do not 
see that the word is any where else translated [Fold]. 
In Act. 20. 28, 29, and 1 Pet. 5. 2, 3, the word is of the 
same Origination, though of the Neuter Gender, and is 
still rendred [Flock]. So that I cant tell what this harsh 
Translation in Jn? 10. 16. can signify, unless it be to 
humor the Roman Catholicks in the Unjust Attributions 
they demand for their Eternal Rome. Now my hand is 
in, let me ask one thing more; viz; that you would a 
little enquire how it comes about that Parens is pulld in 
by head and shoulders, to affirm that the great River 
Euphrates mentioned in Rev. 16. intends the Turks: 
whereas Parens chuseth another Interpretation : and 
argues ab Absurdo, against the Turks being Euphrates 
[sic emm plaga non magis esset Antichristi ; qtiain nostra]. 
Col. 837. of my Edition printed at Heidelburg, 1618. My 
Austin was printed at Basil, ex officina Frobeniana 1569. 
The Aiiotations I last refer to, go under the name of 
Pole's Engl. Anotations. Sir, when I asked one thing 
more, *twas by no means intended to bar me from asking 
your prayers, and to be a mean to stir up all godly Di- 
vines and Christians, to pray for New-England. We are 
extreamly grieved to hear that Fifty-Seven persons were 
kiird, and Ninety Captivated out of the little Town of 
Deerfield. The very worthy Minister Mr. John Williams, 

* This change was made in the Revised Version of 1881. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 299 

and his wife are among the Captives. How they will be 
able to travel to Canada in the very deep Snow, and ter- 
rible Cold since Tuesday Night last, when they were 
Taken ; would make a hard heart bleed to think of. We 
know not yet the certainty of the particulars, or manner 
of the Tragedy. But it seems Thirty of the Enemy were 
killd : and Col. Partridge at Hatfield 12 miles off, alarmed 
by the Fires, was so very speedy in sending up Succors, 
that the Enemy was obliged to draw off and has left the 
mangled Remnant of the Town in our hands. But I shall 
be in danger to lose my Postage to Pascataqua, \frhere the 
Centurion now is, to convoy the Mast Ship and others. 



SAMUEL SEWALL (?) TO JOHN LOVE. 

To Mr, John Love^ $ the Centurion. 

March 6, 170}. 

Send Six and twenty yards of Silk good, strong, of a 
grave Color, to make my wife a Gown and Petit coat : 
Triming. Send a piece of Silk of lighter Colour. Send 
an end of colourd Broadcloath to make my self a suit, 
shaloon to Line it. Buttons Silk &c. Send the enclosed 
Books, and Newmans Cambridge Concordance. Send 
Fifty Shilling in good fair Copper Half -Pence. If Money 
be wanting, Leave out the latter : If over, send in good 
ordinary Holland for Shirting. Send the Things in a 
small Trunk. This Letter went p the Post to Pascataqua 
whether the Centurion saild March 5f^ 170|. 



SAMUEL SEWALL (?) TO NATHANIEL HIGGINSON. 

To Mr, Nathanael Higginaon. 

March 2, 170}. 

In a Roll of Mr. Stows Ten Essays for Conversion of 
the Jews ; Sent p Mr. Jonathan Belcher in the Thannet 
to go up by the Ship and be deliverd with his own hand. 
Enclosed the Elegies on Madam Brown. 



300 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWAXL. 

Mr. Stow's in the right ont I think, as to Jerusalem, 
that City, it should seem, will follow the fate of the 
Temple — Jerusalem shall be built in its own place even 
in Jerusalem, not cogent for its being built agen. Of all 
Individuals, Persons are most Individual: and yet Our 
GREAT PROPHET assures us the Coming of Elias was 
fullfiUd in John Baptist. I could not always resist the 
Importunity of a Godly aged Divine just taking leave of 
us and going to the Court of Heaven. Treatises of greater 
bulk and less usefull than this, are printed. However if 
none apear to Multiply and perpetuat it by the Press : 
yet the pious Endeavours of a worthy Divine ought to 
have a decent Burial. These Considerations will I hope 
prevail with you not to take out against me a Writt of 
Intrusion. I knew not to whom to send it but to you 
his Countr3anan. 

Capt. Belchar went down in a Sloop March 3, and gave 
this Roll and Govf Ashhurst's Pacquet to Mr. Jonathan 
Belcher his Son; and gave him the charge of them at 
Nantasket. 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

May 3, 1704. To Mn Samuel Stow giving him an 
account of his Treatises being sent to Mr. Nathanael 
Higginson at London with his Letter to give him a more 
full understanding of his desire. Treatises concern the 
Calling of the Jews. Mentiond my Meditations on Rev. 
10. 2. Right Foot on the Sea. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR WILLIAM ASHHURST. 

To Sir Wr Ashhurst ff Capt. Cary. 

July 21, 1704. 

We have the good News of the Arrival of our Fleet at 
Portsmouth, by which I sent double Letters ; One Pacquet 
in the Centurion. They being carried safe, I have no 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 301 

need now to add j only upon the unhappy occasion of the 
Piracy : I pray your Honor to accept of the printed Ac- 
count of their Trial. As to the competency of the Wit- 
nesses^ the Grounds I went upon was the province Law. 
I declard in the Trial, that imless they prov'd the Men 
and Treasure to be Taken from the Queen's Enemies, 
they were Pirats and when I gave my voice against 
Capt. Quelch, I caused the Law to be read. The Court 
did not stand in any absolute Necessity of the testimony 
of the Approvers that was made use of ex ahundanti. 
Moreover the Piracy was begun in our Bay: for the 
Company Saild away contrary to the order of Capt. 
Plowman and the Owners. Capt. Plowman never Sail'd : 
but was forcibly and piratically carried away. 

Capt Belchar tells me a Bill is drawn on him for the 
use of the Corporation : But I have yet no Advice of it. 
I hope to be favord with a Letter by the next Ships. I 
am your Honors humble Serv* S. S. 

They shar'd their Treasure as they lay at Anchor in a 
Bay on the Coast of Brazil. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Cousin Storke July 21, 1704, p Capt. Cary, inclos- 
ing Speeches, Pirats, three News-Letters viz. 9, 10. 11. 
Account Mr. Williams at Mont-Real. Cousin Sarah's be- 
coming his daughter, Man at Peregrin Whites. Brothers 
bringing back Larramore. 

Continue my Orders to Remit what you have of mine 
to Mr. Love. Duty to Aunt Dumen 

July 21, 1704. To Mr. Ive with a Trial, and two News- 
Letters. Thanks for his Prints, p Capt. Cary. 



302 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JEREMIAH DUMMER. 

To Dr. Jeremiah Dummer. 

Octob! 10, 1704. 

Sir, — I did not tell you that last Satterday after Noon 
I went to Mr. Chiever, and having a fair occasion, said to 
him how well pleased I was with the building of a New 
School-house, and that it would be very convenient for 
him to be saluted with a good Latin Oration at his entrance 
into it. But he seemd to reject it with some Indignation,, 
and spake of your mentioning of it to Mr. Williams. I 
insisted, and assurd him I was the first that ever movd it, 
and altogether of my own accord: yet I could by no 
means remove his Aversion. As to your Professorship, 
I am still of the same mind; considering the way in 
which you obtain it, it will be hurtfuU to yourself, to the 
College and to the province. And as to your Title of 
Dr. of Philosophy ; ^ seeing the very ancient and illustri- 
ous Universities of England, Scotland, and Ireland know 
nothing of it ; I am of Opinion it would be best for you 
not to value your self upon it, as to take place any other- 
wise than as if you had only taken the Degree of Master. 
You will not by this deportment be in danger of losing 
any true Honor or advantage. 

There is of late a pretty deal of Talk about your Trea- 
tise De jureSabbati hebdomadalis.^ I have read it. To 
me you seem to endeavour to prove a Prolepsis in Gen. 
2. 3. and that the first Seventh-day was no Sabbath : And 
that we have no direction from the Fourth Commandment 
to employ a Seventh part of our time Sabbatically. A 

1 Jeremiah (or Jeremy) Dummer, H. C. 1699, took the Degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy at Utrecht in 1703. He died in 1739. See post, page 305, 
note. — Ed8. 

' De Jure JudcBorum Sabhati Brevis disquisitio Auctore Jer: Dummer, Anglo 
Americano, A. L. M. (f PhUosoph : Doct : Lugd, Bat. 1703. 4to. pp. 20. 
On the second page is the title named in the text. The copy in the libraiy 
of the Historical Society belonged to Jeremy Belknap. — £db. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL, 303 

stated Time is necessary; but a seventh part of Time 
is Ceremonial, and abolished as Circumcision. 

Now however light some may make of these things, to 
me they are of very great Consequence, because so much 
of practical Religion depends upon a due observation of 
the Sabbath. The Assembly of Divines in England, The 
Assembly that met at the Savoy, the New-England Synod 
had a great deal of Divinity in them : all these you run 
against. Dr. Ames, Mr, Shepard of Cambridge, Mr. 
Cawdry, Dr. Owen have written excellently, and the 
Three last very largely and purposely on the Sabbath. 
These with Rivet and many others are contrary minded. 
The Dutch Annotations made by direction of the Synod 
of Dort ; I observe no footsteps of this Prolepsis in them : 
But of the Institution of the Lord's Day. Therefore I 
could heartily wish you had chosen some other subject 
for. your Descant. I could wish when this came into 
your mind, or some other suggested it, your peremptory 
Answer had been, Non ille sum Audax — If the first day 
of the week be now the Lord's Day, it canot be that any 
mortals should be at their Liberty to appoint a 4^ 5*? or 
6^? part of Time for the Christian Sabbath, as they please. 
And in this article you seem to be inconsistent with your 
self: for in the beginning of the fourth page you say, 
Neque aUa erat ratio cur sapienHssimi ApostoKj poslquam Ju^ 
dam reUgiosum Diem e medio mduleruntj aJterum guod erat 
Ecclesiae necessarium^ in eum usum destinarunt. If it were 
necessary, and apointed by the Apostles; then not cere- 
monial and liable* to decay. Add to this the last para- 
graph of the last page, Quapropter Anghrum — to mention 
no more. And the hebdomadal Revolution is found so 
convenient and beneficial for Mankind and so firmly re- 
taind by multitudes, Jews, Christians, Mahometans ; that 
a Stated Time under or over that, it would be difl&cult to 
Remember and observe it. 

I therefore earnestly entreat you to Review your 



304 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Disquisition of the SabbatL I prevaild with Mr. Cotton 
Mather to preach upon this Subject. The Sermon was 
very well studied, and since published, by which means 
there was an Answer ready for your Treatise ; and as 
such I have put it into your hands. In perusing that, 
you will see your wild and groundless Notions exposd : 
and will, I hope, be prevaild with neither to defend them 
nor excuse them : and in time, with Austin (an Author 
that you quote) to write a Retractation of them. 

I heartily desire your wellfare and flourishing, am per- 
suaded this is a fair way to it ; am obligd to you, especially 
for the Respect of your Dedication; which makes me 
thus plainly to tell you my mind ; in Confidence of your 
taking it in good part from Sir, your loving Cousin and 
Serv! Samuel Sewall. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

Octob^ 13, 1704. Writt to Mr. Taylor of Westfield 
enclosing Papers of a Coinittee relating to that Town, 
written by Col. Pynchon deceased ; which had been a 
long time mislaid. Gave a hint of what had passd^ re- 
lating to Dr. Dumer's Professorship ; and his Treatise de 
jure Sabbati Hebdomadalis. 



SAMUEL TORREY TO JEREMIAH DUMMER. 

For Mr. Jeremiah Durher at his Lodging in Boston. 
These. Weymouth; 26. 10. 1704. 

Mr. Jeremiah Dummer, 

Worthy and much esteemed, Sir, upon the remembrance 
of the great CiviUty you showed me in presenting your 
self to me with a kind and proper Salutation upon your 
first Arrival home to your native Country, in return from 
your Travayle; I am moved, and obliged to serve you in 
what I may or can. And I do not know how old Men 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 305 

may or can be more serviceable to young Men, than by 
Advertisements and Advises. Somthing to that effect 
you may find wrapt up in that paper which I send you 
herewith, if you shall please to give it the reading and 
perusal; not so much for yoiu: Instruction as Caution: 
Although I may suppose that you may understand more 
concerning the Subject matter of that Writing ; viz. the 
Doctrine of the fourth Coiiiandment, and of the Sabbath, 
having consulted and compared so many Authors, as you 
say, upon it. 

Sir, you may please to take notice, that since I was last 
in Town (which was lately) and not before, I have studi- 
ously read your Latine Dissertation De jure Sabbathi 
Hebdomadalis, and compared it with your Sermon lately 
preachd and printed at Boston.^ And I do not find that 

1 **A Discourse on the Holiness of the Sabbath-Day Being a Sermon 
Preached at Boston New-England, October 29th 1704. By Jer, Dummer^ 
A. L, M, and PhUosoph. Doct." It has an Introduction by Increase Mather. 
There are two copies in the Historical Society library bearing the imprint, 
" Boston : Re-Printed by Edes and Gill in Queen Street. 1763." On one of 
these is the following manuscript note in the hand undoubtedly of Jeremy 
Belknap : *^ The author of this Sermon was employed many years as agent 
for y* Massachusetts Province in England. In his latter days he grew a Lib- 
ertine & kept a Seraglio of Misses round him to whom he was lavish of his 

favours. Col. S. who was in England in 1738 went to wait upon him at 

his Seat in Plastow on a Sunday after Church & found him with his Ladies 
sitting round a Table after dinner drinking Raspberry Punch. As he en- 
tered y« Room he observed a confusion in M' Dummer's countenance & y* 
Girls fled out of y* Door like Sheep — almost over one another's back. At 
another Time, & I think on Saturday Evening y* same Gent? was in Com- 
pany with M' D. & a number of other N. E. Gent? After much gay Dis- 
course & when the Company were grown merry with Wine, Jere Allen who 
had an excellent Memory begged Leaue to entertain y* Comp? with part of a 
N. E. Sermon w'^** he had formerly read & then repeated verbatim some of y* 
most striking Passages of this Disc** on y« Sabbath beginning at p. 24, M** 
D. was struck dumb with astonishment & unfitted for any further enjoyment 
that Even* & y* recollection of it worried him ever after. Ho was a Man of 
very shining abilities & great Improvements in Literature and Politicks, was 
in high esteem with the Whig Ministry in Q. Anne's Reign & was eminently 
Serviceable to y« Interests of his Country during his agency & afterwards. 

The above I had from Col. S own Mouth Aug. 27, 1776." Dummer 

does not appear to have been ever actually ordained. — Eds. 

VOL. I. — 20. 



306 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

the fonner is much, if at all, corrected or emended by the 
latter, in any of those points which were, and remain to 
be most gravaminous. And therefore I take your opinion 
just as it was, and still is stated in your Latine. That is 
for substance this, as I take it. That the original Seventh 
day was no Sabbath, but only a figurative mention of it, 
by a Prolepsis, that is as it were a figurative promise or 
prophesie of a Sabbath that God would give unto Man- 
kind, or at least to the people of the Jews, a Sabbath 
Two Thousand five Hundred years hence. So by this 
Figure Prolepsis, it is prorogued from Adam to Moses. 
And so by as good Reason and the same Figure, it may 
be put off still, untill the everlasting Sabbath and Sab- 
batisme. Hence again it follows that there was nothing 
of the fourth Commandment, or of the being of a Sabbath 
written in the heart of man by Creation: nor was the 
Fourth Comandment or the Sabbath given at any time to 
Mankind ; nor ever is like to be, according to this Doc- 
trine. Yea, that there was never any moral Law given 
in form of T6n Coiiiandments, to man in general : but 
only to the people at Horeb. And upon these premises, 
it ^vill still further follow, That there was not any Sabbath 
observed or sanctified by any of the great Patriarcks or 
Prophets; nor by any church or people of God in the 
world, from Adam to Abraham ; and from him to Moses. 
What a sad and lamentable Appearance and Representa- 
tion of God's Covenant, of his church, yea, and of the 
World in those Ages, doth this Opinion make, with all 
these sad Inferences and Consequences of it ; for so great 
a part of the time of the Continuance of the Church of 
God in the World ? Which Opinion also infers as if the 
blessed God saw no need of the fourth Commandment, or 
of the Sabbath for the upholding of his worship, his Cove- 
nant, his Church and Religion in it. So this Opinion 
seems to lay aside the Fourth Commandment as a super- 
numerary, or one too many in the Decalogue, or in the 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 307 

« 

moral Law. And therefore twice, when you had occasion 
for the illustration of your Argument, to make an induc- 
tion of the Commandments according to the Divine order 
of their standing in the Decalogue, in the first you leave 
it out, as it were drop it ; and in the second, plainly in 
Terms except it. And now, who can look upon the face 
of this Opinion without Blushing? Doubtless, Sir, you 
were too unadvised, if not somwhat overcharged with 
Confidence, if not when you first formed and printed this 
Dissertation in Holland ; yet in sending of it to New- 
England, with such a Flanting Dedication, and filld with 
such Notions as you knew were never calculated for the 
Meridian of New-England, but would be likely to raise 
troublesom Questions, Debates, and doubtfuU Disputations. 
You might have understood that New-England Churches 
and Ministry ; yea, and people too, have been (whatever 
they are now) very jealous of, and zealous for the very 
strict observance of the fourth Comand, and the Sabbath. 
I canot forbear to give you yet one Advertisement 
more. And lest your Patience should be overcharged 
with my plainness and prolixity, remember who it was 
that said. Let Days speak. Give me leave therefore to 
tell, you seem too much to please and applaud your self, 
in that if you err, you err with the Learned. And this 
we have both in Latine, and in your English, and very 
emphatically expressd in both, as that you most of all 
repose in ; as if the body of learned Men, all Learning, 
the whole learned world, were on your side. This doth 
reflect upon all that are not of your opinion, that it is for 
want of Learning. But I pray you Sir, to remember they 
have been only and always learned, and, coiiionly, most 
learned Men who have begot, brought forth, and brought 
in the most general dangerous, destructive and damning 
Errors, and do uphold them in the World. It was the 
School of Alexandria, the greatest for Learning, for ought 
I know, that we read of, by which, God permitting, the 



308 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Devil raised that fatal Smoke of damnable Heresie, 
whereby he filled the Christian Church and World, which 
are still full of those Locusts which are the product of 
^that Smoke: I canot tell how to conclude without a 
word or two of advice. In general, I advise you to study 
how you may improve your Eminent Learning, and other 
Accomplishments so as may be most subservient to the 
Glory of God and of our Lord Christ, and the good and 
Salvation of his Church and people. And to this end I 
advise you, as I was advised in my youth, to beware of 
Studium Partinniy and fiovarum rerum. And if God call 
you to the Study of Divinity, so as to make that your 
particular Calhng, which above all other is most eligible 
for your self : I advise in the first place to be thorow in 
the study of your Catechisme, I mean systematical, com- 
onplace Divinity, the principles of Religion ; whereby you 
will be rooted and grounded in the Truth, Faith and Obe- 
dience : And then, and not till then you will be prepared 
to study polemical Divinity. Much Learning will be apt 
to dispose you to take in with those who are styled Ra- 
tional Divines, who speak in words which man's wisdom 
teacheth. Study and labour to gain and practice the di- 
vine Art of the foolishness of Preaching, which is always 
accompanyed with the most powerfull and saving Influ- 
ence of divine wisdom. To this end, above all. Study 
Christ, the Doctrine of Christ, his Person, Office, and 
Work; both in Earth and Heaven. take heed of 
preaching your self, which young men are very apt to 
doe : but Study Christ. Paul was a great Doctor, and 
he preaching to the most learned Church of Corinth, tells 
them, that he was resolved to know nothing among them 
but Christ and him crucified. Also I advise you heartily 
and earnestly to stay at home in your own Country, and 
wait humbly upon God here, for that Improvement He 
shall please to make of your Learning, Gifts and Grace, 
for the advancement of his Name and Glory, and the 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 309 

enlargement and establishment of his Kingdom. Here 
you may hope to be more secure from the most dangerous 
Temptations you may be more Uke to meet withall abroad. 
Sir, I pray you to receive all this from me as the effect of 
that Love, Esteem, and Value which I have for all persons 
of your character, worth, and deserts. And receive it as 
from the gates of the Grave where I live (having out- 
lived the Scripture Date of Mortalitie almost three years) 
from whence therefore I date this unto you. I wait upon 
every day, waiting instantly untill my appointed Time 
come, for an entrance into the other, and better, and 
blessed World, through the Grace of God in Christ Jesus, 
unto which and unto whom I coinend you, remaining, 
Sir, your affectionat and assured friend and Servant. 

Samuel Torrey. 

samuel sewall to samuel shepard. 

To Mr. Samud Shqpard of Woodbridge in East-Neus-Jersey. 

Feb^ 21, 170|. 

Sir, — I condole with you and Mrs. Shepard, the death 
of your vertuous and pious Mother ; which is not a privat 
only, but a publick Loss. I received a Letter from Mr. 
W? Loveridge dated last June, wherein he promised to 
pay me all. I since have heard that he is dead ; which 
puts me upon sending to you his Mortgage and Bond. 
You see the Mortgage expired above three years ago. 
I have only been at considerable charges hitherto; and 
have received no part of my Debt I now resolve to 
leave the Matter to you, to procure my Satisfaction with 
as much convenient Speed as may be : for I want the 
Money. I have so much regard to Mr. Loveridges Let- 
ter, that I shall forgo, not only the three years Interest, 
but also Ten pounds of the Principal ; and take up with 
One Hundred and Fifty pounds ; provided I may have it 
speedily paid me, without any Trouble in the Law. Pray, 
Sir, do the best you can for me; and I shall give you 



310 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

satisfaction for your Travel and Pains. Let me have a 
Letter from you by the next Post, of your Receipt of the 
Mortgage, Bond, and Letter of Attomy, which I intend 
to send you herewith p Mr. Oliver Williams. With my 
Service to Mrs. Shepard, Whitman, I take Leave, who 
am. Sir, your Serv* S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS NEWTON. 

To Mr. Thomas Newton now hound for London in Her Mqj^ Ship 

the Advice. 

March 10, 170|. 

Sir, — I pray God carry you safely to London: When 
you come there, Buy for me all the statutes at large made 
since Mr. Keeble's Edition [Keble's Statutes] 1684. Let 
them be well Bound in one or two Covers as shall be 
most convenient: The Register [Registrum de Cancel- 
laria], Crompton [Jurisdiction of divers Courts], Bracton, 
Britton, Fleta, Mirror [Horn's Miroir des Justices] ; as 
many of them as you can get in Latin or English ; Heath's 
Pleadings, Sir Edward Coke's Reports. First lay out that 
little Money you have in your hand : And what more is 
wanting, I will write to Mr. Love in Lawrence Lane to 
suply, if he hath of mine wherewith to doe it ; If he hath 
not, T will allow reasonable Advance here, runing the 
Risk. I should be glad if you would Enquire who it is 
signs the Dead Warrant in Capital Cases Tried at the 
King's Bench, Old Bayly, or before Comissioners of Oyer 
and Terminer. There is one material point you might 
enquire of, and that is how far the Laws made by the late 
Governour and Company of the Massachusetts Bay, not 
repugnant to the Laws of England, are yet in force, to 
those who dwell between Merrimack and Charles Rivers. 
You may remember I told you, Mr. Maccarty [?] was 
indebted to the Company for propagating the Gospel 
amongst the Indians here: If you could bring it about 
that some of Cousin Hull's Debt to him, might be derived 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 311 

into that Chanel, it would be a piece of good publick 
Service, and Acknowledged 

By, Sir, your friend and Servant S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR WILLIAM ASHHURST. 

To Sir TT? Ash/iurst. 

March 19, 170|. 

Hon"!* Sir, — In my last I omitted to take notice of 
the Diversity in the style of the Company. Your Honor's 
hitting so right in the Apointment of John Higginson 
EsqT a person very acceptable and servicable, maketh it 
appear you can be very well informd in England of the 
Circumstances of persons here. If the Hon**}* Company 
should see cause to make any alteration, and should Ap- 
point Mr. Daniel Oliver, and Mr. Thomas Fitch Merchants 
in Boston to be of the number of your Comissioners ; I 
hope you would never have any cause to repent it ; nor 
I to be ashamd of my suggestion ; it being the first I have 
ever made of my own accord ; I crave your Honors par- 
don for this, and leave to say that I humbly conceive the 
most inoffensive order of naming the persons last added, 
might be this; Eliakim Hutchinson Esqr., Penn Town- 
send Esqr., John Higginson Esq., Edward Bromfield Esqr., 
Simeon Stoddard Esqr. All these are of Her Majesties 
Council. Mr. Jeremiah Dummer is a Justice of Peace 
and one of the Judges of the Inferior Court, and servic- 
able as a Goldsmith. Leaving all to the hon^?* Company 
with a full Submission to your Authority and Prudence — 
I am &c. S. S. 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

March 20, 170f Writt to Mr. Love to let Mr. Newton 
have what Money he calld for, not exceeding Five pounds : 
With what else in your hand buy good Mudin to line a 
pair of wrought Curtains, and good servicable Holland 
for Shirting. S. S. 



312 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL, 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO 



Boston, June 6, 1705. 

Friend, — I am infonned that some Charlestown Gen- 
tlemen have lately Left to you and Henry Holt of Ando- 
ver, all the Meadow belongmg to the Land of Nod.^ These 
are to acquaint you that I have a good Right to above a 
Third part of the said Meadow, and am in the actual Im- 
provement of it ; I made a Lease of it to Thomas Asten 
of Andover the 28"^ of August last, for Eleven years. 1 
Left it before to Oliver Holt by Lease in Writing : and 
for many years before, I Lett it out to others, and received 
the Rent. My Interest in that Land cost a great deal of 
Money. My Dped is Acknowledged, and has been upon 
Record above Twenty year. I have an honest and Legal 
Right ; which I acquaint you with, to prevent your giving 

my Tenant any disturbance ; and Rest your loving friend 

S. S. 

Let your partner in the Lease see what I say to you. 
Sent p Peirson Richardson. 



INVOICE OF G00D& 

June 26, 1705. 

Invoice of a Trunk of English Goods shipd on Board 
the Two Brothers a Sloop whereof Dyreck Adolph is 
Master for Account and Risque of Mr. John Lydius of 
Albany, to be delivered to Mr. Adolph Phillipe [Jr.] 
Merchant in New-York. 

N^ A. Two ps double Damask .... 7- 0-0 

B. ditto lps(?) 3-7-0 

C. 1 ps ditto 3-8— 

D. 3 ps ditto 72» 10-16-0 

E. 2 ps ditto 6-10— 

^ In WilmiDgton. See Sewall's Diary, 11. 62, n. — £db. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 313 

F. Ips ditto 3-14— 

G. 1 ps black Crape 6- 9 — 

H. 1 ps Damask 3- 4 — 

I. 2 Duz p' worn? cold Lamb Gloves 

28- 2-16— 

K. 1 Duz. white 1-6— 

L. 1 ps Scotch Cloth q* 11 yards 2' 4^ 1- 5-8 

M. 1 double ps Silk Crape .... 5-15-0 

Shiping Charges and Trunk 10" . . . 14-6 

£56 5 2 
It seems this being paid in Money at 17 -wt and Bills 
comes to no more than two years Salary viz : £53-6-8. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JACOBUS VAN COURTLAND. 

To Mr. Jacobus Van Courtland Merchant cU Nisw-york. 

June 30, 1705. 

Sir, — These inclose the Invoice and Bill of Lading 
and Key of a Trunk of Merchandise shipd on board Mr. 
Dyxeck Adolph of your City, and sent to your self by 
order of Mr. John Lydius of Albany. All the particulars 
mentiond in his Scedule, were not to be procured in Town 
but came as near as could. I got my Son-in-Law Mr. 
Grove Hirst to do it for me, who, I doubt not, has bought 
everything as well as the dearness of the Time would per- 
mit ; being an expert Merchant. And Mr. Lydius being 
a Minister^ he gives him his Labour. 

I am Sir, your humble Serv? S. S. 



BAinJEL SEWALL TO BEV. COTTON MATHER. 

2* day mom, 7! 10, 1705. 

Sir, — Poor folks having brought forth Children, do 
somtimes lay them at Rich Mens doors, to be Nursd and 
Maintaind : Jn this maner a poor Hampshire body offers 
you the following verse/ 



314 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

* Oceani fluctus ANNA moderante superhoa^ 
Miphratea cedit, Roma relicta cadit} 

Joseph having received many Tokens of your Favour, 
waits upon you with his Acknowledgments: Let him, and 
the family he belongs to, have your Blessing. 

Sir, your Serv? S. S. 

To Mr. Cotton Mather. 



MEMORANDUM.* 

Mitto tUn Psaltem CHIilS TVM et sua regna canentem^ 

Non erit ingratum dtdce Poema tihi: 
Musicua hie lapidea cithara aapiente trahebat^ 

Et trahitj hinc Solyma^ moenia celsa Novce^ 
Calvino modulante^ Tonos cognoacis amoenoa; 

Paalmoa Davidilcoa"] paallere quiaque poteat. 

R. Henchman. 

1 See Sewall's Diary, IL 137. — Eds. 

2 From the Diary, II. 136, we learn that Sewall gave these verses to Mr. 
Richard Henchman with a copy of Calvin on the Psalms. Richard Hench- 
man was the eldest son of Captain Daniel Henchman, who died in Worcester 
in 1685. He was schoolmaster in Yarmouth in February, 1686, from which 
place he addressed to Cotton Mather a letter of recommendation of Captain 
Nathaniel Hall. (Mass, Hist. Soc. Coll., 4th Ser., vol. viii. 664.) This 
same letter (with slight variations) was sent to Increase Mather. (N. E, Hist, 
and Gen. Reg,, vol. xvii. 15.) From Yarmouth he removed to Boston, and 
was married by Cotton Mather to Esther Webster Dec. 24, 1697. On Nov. 1, 
1700, he was appointed additional master in the Free Writing School. This 
was the second school in Boston, established in 1684, at which time John Cole 
was appointed master. Mr. Henchman was still master there in 1704. Sav- 
age says that he " was in Boston in 1706, and soon after went to Worcester, 
and there died, I suppose." But this is evidently an error, as we learn from 
Sewairs Diary, III. 348, that he died in Boston Feb. 15, 172|. The Editors, 
in a note to this passage, have copied Savage's error in assuming the existence 
of a third Richard Henchman. For the last few years of his life he was 
licensed to sell strong drink in his house, which license was continued to his 
widow the year after his death. 

Sewall and Henchman were in the habit of exchanging copies of verses. 
See antea, 290, 293. We append a metrical translation by him of the Latin 
verses, addressed to Sewall by Rev. Nehemiah Hobart, referred to by Sewall, 
Diary, H. 346: **I give him [Mr. Hobart] Virgil on account of the Poem he 
has gratified me with. Virgil with an Index, in usum Delphini:** and ibid. 
860: ** Left the Gov^ two of Mr. Hobart's verses." For an account of Mr. 
Hobart, see Sibley's Harvard Graduates, U. 285. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 315 



SAMUEL SEWALL (?) TO REV. NICHOLAS NOTES. 

To Mr. I/icholas Noyes, 

Octob^ 9, 1705. 

Sir, — How am I ready to sink down into ingratitude 
on a sudden, and unawares ! My Brother in a Letter had 



Martij 27. 1712. 

JadlciB officiom peragens, peregreque profectos, 
(Exigit hoc mensis Martis) Sewallius, inde 
Non potuit sacris Bostonae cantor adesse. 
Aflt alius psaltes, plane contrarios Atro,i 
(Sic inflignitur vernaclo nomine) sacra 
(Imo, ita catholice, studiis coelestibus auctna* 
Ut vice perf ungi potuit Pastoris adempti ; 
Nee minus Eloquio pratcordia laeta movere, 
Quam carUu mulcere prius praebentibus aures) 
Legitimo docuit modular! carraina cantu. 
Quilibet agnoscat patriae te, juste, parentem; 
Psalle domi, foris i, (nee te via longa fatiget) 
Jus bene libratum, sancte, sontique proboque. 
Martins est, quando debes hoc munere fungi, 
Magnanimo nomen capiens a Marte: tribunal, 
Cuique suum tribuens, ascendas: Exulat inde 
Spes, amor, atque metus nequam : solium Solomonis 
Scandere te reputa, cemens hinc inde Icones 
Quoque gradu stantes; sedem dextra atque sinistra 
Divino monitu cingebant unus et alter. 
Horum par, nulli cedas. Te juris amantem 
Hi propugnabunt. Tibi dispar, devius aeqnl, 
His dabitur tandem praedae lacerandus. Ocellis 
Non plane clausis, ita fatur sancta vetustas, 
Hoc animal cautum somnum capit ; inde monemnr 
Perpetuo vigilat; facile nee sivit abire 
Impunem Nemesis, qui jus violavit et aequum; 
Et sontes, Gyaris dignos, qui justificabit. 
Atque leonino, se prostementibus ipsos, 
Parcito, more, viris; modo salvo parcere possis 
Jure ; salus populi modo sic dispendia nulla 
Sentiat: aut f acinus patrantes, flagitiosi 
Hinc magis audaces fiant, ac deteriores. 

O, tibi qiwe dico, faciam ! compresbyteriqne 
Partibus addicti, faciant Karii irpotrkKitny oMv. 
Felices ! si sint cum judice presbyter instar 
Numinis Aetemi, quern mnnera nulla movebnnt. 

N, HobaH. 

Vive^ docCy regnaj tempery mihi Chritte Sacerdat: 
Pendtt ab Offlcijt qte$ mea tola tuu,^ 

S. S. 



^ Mr. John White. 8m Sewall's Diary, m. 297. See II. 104. 
> Set Sewall'sDiaiy, 11.811; ni.822. 



\ 



! 



316 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

raised my Expectation of receiving a distich or 2 from 
you ; and the disapointment puts me out of Tune. But 
I recover, and am very Thankful to you for your Elab- 
orat Answer to my Propositions. You may be sure, I am 
in no condition in the world to make any Reply at this 
time; Finding myself imder the Circumstances of the 

S e w A 1 1 our Israel's Judge and Singer Sweet, 

Abroad^ whilst busied on the Judgment Seat, 

(His progress March required). The Sacred Quire 

At Borne, their lair Praecentor did desire;^ 

Though happily supplied was the lack, 

By One, in Name and Fame, oppos'd to Black; 

To whose sweet Note ev'en the Black-Swan gives back 
(Yea, of Theology so richly sped, 
Had th' Poitor faiPd, The Flock he could Yixvtfed: 
And as He, first their Ear* by Tuneing drew. 
Had, now, by Doctrine, tun'd their Heartstringt too). 

His melody harmoniously the Ring 

Doth lead and taught us David's Songs to sing. 
Impartial Judge, (the Glory of our Thrones) 

You, whom our Countrey for their Patriot own's; 

Sing, Sr, at Acmie, or travel (for no pains, % 

Foci grudge). Fair Justice in your Circuit reigns; > 

Nor Innocent, nor Nocent, here Complains. ) 

Our March, Itself from Mars the Valiant name*a, 

Which your Attendance on this Province claime's. 

You seated now on the Tribunal, None 

Attending there is wrong'd of What *s his own: 

Each wicked Hope, Design, or fals-praetence, 

Brought forth into the Light is banisht thence. 
This Seat ascending, in your Eye you hold 

Great Solomon's judicial-throne of old ; 

Whereof, to each exalted step praepar'd, 

A lyon stands on either side, a Guard; 

Like these, no Greatness balks your sentence; Rght 

Ttoie B^>^^ ^^® Right 

From which who deviate, going too astray 

From Yon, Sr, to their Jawes you give A Prey, 
The Ancients in their portraitures do make 

This Animal's Eyes half-sleeping, half-awake. 

To shew the Watch, which they in sleep maintdn; 

From which this Admonition wee may gain. 

How Judges ever must a watchful Awe 

Keep on the Bold Transgressors of the Law, 

And such, who Wretches justify, that Serve 

To Crimes, which Bridewel, Scorpions, Death deserve | 

But gently (like that Noble Creature) treat 

Such as crave mercy, prostrate at their feet; 

So justice suffer not thereby, nor th* Weal 

'Ot'h* Dear Republick any Damage feel; 



1 Want — quod dMidezatnr, doatt 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 317 

poor fellow mentiond by Ovid in the latter end of his 
12^ Book Met. 

Tela retusa cadurU, manet imperfossus ab omni 

ictu. 

Saxa trabesq[u]e super ^ totos^i\e involvite mantes/ 
Vivacemq[u]e animam missis tlidite sylvis. 
Sylva prem^ fauces et eritpro vulfiere pondus. 



Ohrutus inm^ni cumulo sub pondere Coeneus 
Aestuat arboreOy . . . 

However, indulge me in one word of Exclamation : not 
against you or Noble Perkins &c., but against the Scarlet- 
coloured. the Cruelty and Injustice of Antichristian 
Tyranny! Justly provoked Juno, after awhile relented, 

Nor th* most debauched Villains of the times 
Take Courage and grow bolder in their Crimes. 

O, that myself and fellow-Presb^'ters 
Might do what You to do This Poem stirrs : 
That wee from th* Byas of all Faction clear 
Might by th* impartial Rules of Justice steer. 
How happy would our Bench and Pulpit be, 
If like to Heaven from Bribes and Parties free. 

Live, O my Christf Rule me and make me wise, 

In Thee (my King, my Pn)phet, Sacrilice) 

My only Hope, my sole Salvation, lyes. 



! 



Sr. This translation, as old almost as the poem itself, (save the parenthesis both Eng- 
lish and Latine wherin I crave your Excuse, &c.) has lain by me, during the same space 
unheeded, the late short revival of acquaintance, put me on the transcription, as not know- 
ing an haec legisse Juvaret. I have taken the Liberty of not tjMng my self in the Version, 
which I think may be allowed, though I assent not to the profuseness, which Cowley 3 
commends 

Tho* Stcmhold and Hopkins, 

were my Voice not rejected, 
Should have all poets Coptyings, 

Old Bozurd excepted : 
For the Shame merits A-Stick 

more, through him, which doth 1y on 
Our Hills of Nantasket 

than Thatf on Mount Sion. 

Sr I am your humble 

R. H. 

For the preceding note, and for supervision of the Latin texts, where they 
occur, the editors are indebted to Henry W. Haynks, Esq. — Eds. 

> See Cowley's Prefkce to Pindaric Odas. 



318 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

pitied the misery of metamorphosd lo, and restord her to 
her native features : 

Ut lenita dea eat^ vtdtits capit iUapriores : 
Comua decrescunt^JU luminis arctior orbisy 
ContraJiitur rictus . . • 

Whereas poor innocent Helvidius, after more than a 
thousand years Unreasonable Torture, is still compelld to 
continue his old fashion of bellowing and Barking in stead 
of speaking with humane voice. Piscator's Censure is 
more tolerable ; Peccavit olim Ilelvidius^ — peccant hodie Par 
pistce. God has honoured the virginity of New-England 
in the Learned and pious Mr. Thomas Parker our hon- 
oured Master of blessed Memory; the hono**^ William 
Stoughton, Esqr., Mr. William Brinsmead, and Mr. Nich- 
olas Noyes of Salem. But this was not in any contradic- 
tion to Marriage.^ If any word be dropt against that, and 
maintaind I will draw my Arrows to the head, and let fly. 
And it would grieve me to wound my friend. Therefore 
Forbear. 

Remember we are Mothers Sons, Forbear — &c &c. 



SAMUEL SEWALL (?) TO RICHARD HENCHMAN. 

To Mr. Richd. Henchman. 

Octob! 13, 1705. 

It is convenient to sing the Downfall of Babylon, in 
verses that will stand : let me tlierefore have your Ex- 
amination and censure of the following Distich — 

Roma simvl coeleb8q[u]e ruunt in tempore Petruaf 
JEitenxum exosum nil nisi nomen Jiabeiit. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL BYFIELD. 

To N'athan\ Byfidd Esq. at Bristol. 

NovT 2., 1705. 

Sir, — Yours of Oct' 11^? was delivered me just after 
Lecture, Octf 25% 1705, wherein are these words, — ^* by 

1 See Sibley's Harvard Graduates, II. 243 ; Sewall's Diary, III. 280 ; 
Proceed. Mass. Hist. Soc. (2d Ser.),III. 380. —Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 319 

** all which it seems very apparent that the said AdminT is 
"guilty of Perjury: and yet nothing was said to him in 
" Court, of his having done amiss : but my self (who as 
" Judge of the Probat of Wills &c. in the behalf of Orphans, 
" and in pursuance of the Law, and my Oath, appeared 
" there to Answer the Apeal) was very much discounte- 
" nanced by your Hon', to my great dissatisfaction." 

This a groundless and injurious Charge. Indeed in the 
morning, when I declared that the Court's Opinion was 
the cause should proceed ; I also expressd my earnest 
desire tliat the parties might yet come to an Agreement 
among themselvs; which would be acceptable to the 
whole Court and did say that though she were not men- 
tiond, nor present, yet Mrs. Blagrove was very nearly 
related to the cause, being Mother of the children, for 
every of whom she had gon down into the valley of the 
shadow of death, that they might come abroad, and live 
in light, and therefore it was to be desired, that Differ- 
ences might be taken up, to prevent any alienation of 
Affection between Madam Blagrove and her Husband, 
on the one hand ; or her, and her Children on the other 
hand. The greater the cause was, of the more impor- 
tance it was for the parties to agree. This Motion for 
Agreement I made in my own Name, and in the name 
of the Court ; and did not speak to the Court or Jury ; 
but to the Parties. And not being hearkend to, I was 
willing the Law should have its free course. How this 
should reflect upon the Law, or your self, I cant imagine. 

Your Apearance for Orphans is made somthing dim, by 
reason that Four of the Six, by Instrument under their 
hands, disavowed the Action ; and declard themselvs very 
well satisfied with the Management of Mr. Nathan! Bla- 
grove their Father-in-Law. 

As to not speaking to Mr. Blagrove of his Perjury, he 
was not in Court to such purpose. You might have pur- 
sud him Criminally, if you had pleasd. But he was in 



320 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Court as an Apellant in a Civil Action, to be Tried by a 
Jury; in which much Time in pleading was taken up, 
and many papers filed. I had taken Notes, and was just 
ready to have sum'd it up to the Jury : and contrary to 
my Expectation, was prevented by your Attorneys mak- 
ing a Motion to have the Action continued to the next 
Term : which was complied with by the Apellant, Entred 
by the Clark, Read in open Court, and agreed to by the 
Express consent of both parties. I was doubtfuU about 
the Method, and therefore said. If it may be safely done. 
Here was an end of the Action till September 1706. 

Mr. Saffin would have justified his proceedings as Judge 
of the Probat ; the Court declind receiving his Paper as 
not being orderly brought before them. I caiiot discern 
any reason why this should be gravaminous to you. I 
canot charge my memory with all said in Court : if there 
were any thing omitted to be spoken that should have 
been said ; my three Brethren having the same freedom 
of speech that I had ; why must I bear the blame alone ? 

And I am of the Opinion, it was no Extravagant favour 
granted Mr. Blagrove, who is now Representative for Bris- 
tol that he was admitted to speak a few words to clear 
his Credit. Which proceeded not from the Court, but 
his almost irresistible Importunity. If an Indictment of 
Forgery had been found against him by the Grand Jury ; 
yet Mr. Brattle's Letter ought not to have been read once, 
much less left upon File ; it containing only Hearsay, and 
insinuating a very hainous Crime. Madam Brattle should 
have been present face to face. And therefore it seemd 
unreasonable to have the Letter read over agen whenas 
no Release was produced in Court; nor that Sum chargd 
in the Account. It was late in the day ; and had a Mile 
to walk on foot to Mr. Makentashes to Diner, whether his 
Honor the Lieut. Governour was gon before ; and it was 
indecent for his Honor to wait for the Justices of the 
Court. And if there was any abruptness in the Court's 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 321 

Adjournment; yet if you duly consider the Deference 
you require to have paid you when you sit as Judge; 
and your Licentious way of expressing your Resentment 
of that Adjournment ; you will find your Account over- 
balanced, and will not expect any further satisfaction 

from 

Hon^!'' Sir, your friend and Serv^ S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL HIGGINSON. 

To Mr. Nathan^. Higginaon. 

Nov^ 16, 1705. 

Sir, — Yours of July 1704 never came to my hand. I 
regret the miscarriage of it. But am pleasured with that 
of the lO'l? of July 1705, which I received the 12*> Ins? 
The Reverd Mr. Samuel Stow^ of Middleton, went from 
thence to Heaven upon the 8*? of May 1704, being 82 
years old. I have received a very good character of him 
from Mr. Noadiah RusseP Minister of that place. His 
Manuscript of the Jews is in your hand to do with it as 
you see cause ; being well assured you will do nothing 
amiss. I now venture to send you a Distich^ I made T. 
10. 1705. with Mr. C. M. Antiphony.* A Conjecture 

OvC. ... 

I take Euphrates to be a Brigade of the Antichristian 
Army, which will now about Revolt, and go over to Ch^f 
side : And then Antich* will not be able to keep the Field 
much longer. I hope the worst you will say of it is, 

Praedicant ergo quod optantj non quod jam consecuti sunt : 
As Calvin speaks. Isa. 64. 4. 

Comey, Gillam, Mason, and Bevis are all safely arrived. 
Mr. Bailey,^ who has of late practiced Physick at Roxbury, 



^ Samuel Stow, H. C. 1645. He was not a minister — £ds. 
» Rev. Noadiah RusseU, H. C. 1681, died 1718— £i>tt. 
• See Sewall's Diary, II. 137; ante, 314; and/>o«/, 824. — Eds. 
^ See posty 824. This is not referred to by Sibley in his Bibliography of 
C. Mather. — Eds. 

> See Sewall's Diary, II. 171, n. — Eds. 

VOL. I. — 21. 



322 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

is miserably tormented with the Stone. He and I used 
to go to school together, which puts me in mind to be- 
speak your sympathy for him. S. S. 

To be left at Mr. Thomas Hayter Merchant, London^ 
Crouched Friers. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL BYFIELa 
To Nathanael Byjidd, Esqr, at Bristol ^ Mr. Menziea. 

Jan? 4, 170|. 

Sir, — Yours of Dec! T^ came to my hand the 14*?. I 
am also weary of drawing the Saw of Contention ; and 
therefore might have forborn Reply, had not one clause 
constrained me ; viz : "I see no such indecency in my 
" Expressions as will justify you in calling any part of 
" my Letter Zaeiiioiis.'* 

I never writt nor thought of any such word as Lasciv' 
imis: Liceniions^ I did write ; not so much with relation to 
your Letter, as to words spoken. 

Sir, you may remember that Mr. Saffin Printed a Letter 
to The Selling of Joseph, I did not trouble the Town with 
a Reply : but in stead of it, I have now reprinted the Sen- 
timents of the Athenian Society,^ which I had not seen nor 
heard of, till I saw it in a Book-Sellers Shop last FalP was 



1 This refers evidently to ** The Athenian Oracle,'* printed at Ix)ndon, 
1704, " V. 1 P. 515-548.'' A copy in the Librarj' of the Historical Society 
bears the imprint of Bartholomew Green, Boston, Dec. 5, 1705. It is a small 
qnarto of four pages. Above the title is written, " Capt. Sewall sent tho 
folU)wing question to the Atlienian Society." The question is, **W^hether 
trading for Xegros i. e. carrying them out of their own country into perpetual 
Slavery, be in it self Unla^N'ful, and especially contrarj^ to the great Law of 
CiiHiSTiAXiTY." It is interestinc: to note the followinc: entrv in tho. Select- 
men's Records for the town of Boston a few years prior to the date of the fore- 
going publication. *' May :?0*^ (1701). The Representatives (to the Great 
and General Court) are farther desired To promote the Encourageing the 
bringing of white serv*" an<l to yuit a Period to negros being Slaves." — Eds. 

2 This use of the word "Fall" for Autumn is generally called an 
Americanism, but it has the high authority of Sewali*s contemporary, John 
Dryden. Tran.^latiou of Tenth Satire of Juvenal, 1. 331. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 323 

12. Moneths. If the comparing the inclosed with Mr. 
Baffin's, may help you a little to forget the Severities of 
the Winter, I shall be gratified, who am, Sir, your friend 
and Serv* S. S. ' 

My Service to your Lady : I wish you both a good New 
Year. 

Inclosed also the last News-Letter. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. JOHN WILLIAMS.* 

To Mr. John ^Vllliams at Caflada^ ^ Mr. John Shelden, 

January 18«», 170f 

Although I have already sent a Letter to Col. Partridge, 
in order to be conveyd to you ; yet upon Mr. Shelden's 
calling, I put pen to paper again, a little to supply my 
former defect. The 25-26^!" of x' last are reckond to be 
the coldest, that any now can remember ; and we have 
had some in January little inferiour to them. We have 
now very pleasant Wether; and our Champion is upon 
his March for the removal of the horrid effects of Winter ; 
which refreshes us in our present straits; as it was a Re- 
vival to the Garrison of Viena to see the Kinir of Poland 
Marching with his glittering Armour to raise the siege. 
God has the same absolutely Authority over all Causes 
natural and voluntary. Hope you will have cause to call 
your Canada Penuel. What though your daughter have 
forgot to speak English ; I Iiope God will teach her to 
speak the Language of Canaan ; and that is it you are 
most concenid about. UU pater, ibi patria. Thougli 
Saints Mansion-IIouses be in Heaven ; yet wherever God 
and the Saints are, there they have Houses. Moses's 
Psalm assures us of that. If you can cheerfully submit 



^ John Williams, IL C. 1GS3, of Deei-fickl, the Indian captive. For an 
account of liim, soe Sibley's Graduates of Harvard University, III. 210; and 
Sewall's Diary, 11. 01», 74*, and 173, n. — Eds. 



324 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

to abide in the Post the omnipotent Soveraign Majesty 
now sets you in, you will greatly glorify God ; who needs 
none of our services. I have sent you a Silk Handker- 
chief, accept it, and remember me by it at your Chata- 
rectha [?] . Sent two Almanacks : I suppose Nath? 
Whittimore's verses are taken out of Mr. Flavell. 

If there be any Canada Almanacks, bring me one. 
&c. &c. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSEPH LORD. 

To Mr. Joseph Lord at Dorchester in Carolina^ p Capt GiU Belcher. 

Febr. 6V», 1705/6. 

Sir, — I take the opportunity of Saluting you by my 
neighbour Capt. Gill Belcher; and Sending you One 
Hundred of Mr. Cotton Mather's Books entituled Bap- 
tistes. The person with whom the Discourse is held, was 
Mr. Daniel Roice, who married Major Davis's Sister: I 
hope they will be acceptable and useful! to you. If Mr. 
Hugh Adams be within your reach, let him have a Duzen 
of them, and two of the Sermons of the Lords Day ; of 
which have sent you a Duzen. Have also sent a Duz. 
Letters of the Suffering of Protestants in the Fr. Galley, 
an Election Sermon ; a Letter relating to our Christian- 
ized Indians ; Mr. Antram's Almanack with my Distich^ 
on the wars' of Europe, and Mr. C. Mather's Antiphona. 
Accept also of a small elegy in obUum cruets^; and cease 
not to pray that G. would seasonably make the proud 
Helper of the Antichristian Faction to stoop as low as 
Quebeck Cross. I desire to bless God who has enabled 
you to continue hitherto, notwithstanding the difficulties 
you have been exercised with. Your place begins to be 
more frequented in way of Trade, which makes me hope 
that a Subsistence for good Men will more easily be ob- 
tained. You are set in one of the Engl. Fronteers; but 
I do not hear that you meet with such insults from the 

1 See ante, 314; SewaU's Diary, II. 140. — Eds. 
< See Sewairs Diary, II. 143, loO. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 325 

Spaniards, as we do from the French. I hope, and ear- 
nestly pray that God will speedily bring forward a glo- 
rious Reformation in New Spain, and cause the Kingdoms 
of this New World to become the Kingdoms of our Lord 
and of his Christ ; Methinks your Neighbourhood should 
assist you in endeavoring in this way to Conquer Mexico. 
We are still in Mourning for the Captivity of Mr. Jn? 
Williams and his scattered Family and Flock. I and my 
Family are well. Mr. Willard is valetudinarious ; yet 
goes on with his work. My Service to Madam Lord, to 
my countryman Stevens, if near you. I am Sir, your 
friend and Serv? S. S. 

The Prints are sewed up in a little Bag of Barras, and 
Superscribed to you. 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Mr. Joseph Lord. March 4*^, 1705/6. p Mr. Bois, 
with 2 Lords-Days, 2 Baptistes for fear of Miscarriage p 
the former. Told my Notion of Rev. 10. Mr. Willard's 
Doct. from Job. 13. 15. Subject begun Febr. 17^. Fear 
the slaying of the Witnesses near : but why should I be 
afraid seeing their death will usher in so great a Birth as 
the taking of the Jews into Favour again, will be ? Pray 
then continually, fervently, that this their Reception may 
be as Life from the dead unto the Gentile Chs. in Asia, 
.Africa, Europe, and America ! S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. JOHN HIGGINSON. 

To the Mev^. and aged Mr. John Higginaon. 

Apr. 13, 1706. 

Sir, — I account it a great Favour of God, that I have 
been privileged with the Acquaintance and Friendship of 
many of the first Planters in New-England; and the 
Friendship of your self as such, has particularly oblig'd 



326 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

me. It is now near Six years agoe since I printed a Sheet 
in defence of Liberty. The next year after, Mr. Saffin 
sent forth a printed Answer: I forbore troubling the 
Province with any Reply, untill I saw a very severe Act 
passing against Indians and Negros, and then I Reprinted 
that Question, as I found it stated and answered in the 
Athenian Oracle j which I knew nothing of before last 
Autumn was twelve-moneths, when I accidentally cast 
my Eye upon it. Amidst the Frowns and hard Words I 
have met with for this undertaking, it is no small refresh- 
ment to me, that I have the Learned, Reverend and Aged 
Mr. Higginson for my Abettor. By the interposition of 
this Brest-work, I hope to carry on and manage this en- 
terprise with Safety and Success. I have inclosed the 
Prints. I could be glad of your Answer to one case much 
in agitation among us at this day ; viz : whether it be not 
for the Honor of G. and of N. E. to reserve entire, and 
untouched the Indian Plantation of Natick, and other 
Lands imder the same Circumstances? that the lying of 
those Lands unoccupied and undesired by the English, 
may be a valid and lasting Evidence, that we desire the 
Conversion and Wellfare of the Natives, and would by no 
means extirpat them as the Spaniards did ? There is one 
thing more I would mention, and that is, I am verily 
persuaded that the Set time for the Drying up of the 
Apocalyptical Euphrates, is very nigh, if not come : and 
I earnestly bespeak the Assistance of your Prayers in 
that momentous Concern; which I do with the more 
confidence, because you were Listed in that Service above 
fifty years ago. Pray Sir ! Come afresh into the Confeder- 
ation. Let me also entreat your Prayers for me, and my 
family, that the Blessing of G. may rest upon the head 
of every one in it by reason of the good Will of Him who 
dwelVd in the Bush. My Service to Madam Higginson. 

I am, Sir, your humble Serv* 

S. S. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 327 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS HAZARD. 

To ThomcLS Hazard at Kingston in Ndrraganaet. 

Apr. 24, 1706. 

Mr. Thomas Hazard. 

I dont remember that I have disposed of my Salt- 
marish at Pettaquamscott to any person,' and therefore I 
order and impower you to improve my proportion of 
Marish lying between the foot of the House-Lptt sold 
you at Kingston, and the head of the Cove, yielding and 
paying to me yearly what it shall be truly and honestly 
worth : Witness my Hand the day above-written. 

Samuel Sewall. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN BELLAMY. 

To Mr. John Bellamy at the three Pigeons in IRngstreet near Guild- 

Hall London. 

April 30, 1706. 

Sir, — Having received yours of January, Vj^^ I ac- 
quainted Mr. Oliver, and shewd him the attested Receipt 
and have since received of him Two Hundred Eighty five 
ounces and a half of p3. eight and New-England Shil- 
lings, which lyes ready for your Order. By reason of the 
ambiguous circumstances of our Money, Mr. Oliver desired 
of me a Memorandum of the Quantity I received of him ; 
which I gave him under my hand at the foot of your 
Receipt. 

The advice you give of the Company's honouring my 
Bill with Acceptance, is very wellcom News to me. I 
hope I shall not abuse this obliging Favour, by presuming 
to run counter to their Order, and my own Promise. 

Your Salutation of me as one serving the same Masters 
with your self, is very gratefuU to me : and I carry it to 
your Account of Credit, that you were entertaind in the 
Employment so many years before me. To hold a Cor- 
respondence with you, and serve you will be a Pleasure 



328 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

to me. By that time I could tell what to write about the 
last Bills of Exchange the oportunity of Sending, was past ; 
which I was made too sensible of by my Letters being 
sent back from Piscataqua. Have now inclosd it, which 
please* to deliver to Govemour Ashhurst with my humble 
Service. I am Sir, your humble Serv! S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

« 

Aug* 5% 1706. Writt largely to Mr. James Noyes of 
Stonington of Mr. Bayley's Case, of my Judgment in the 
College-Hall at Cambridge last week, against Charlestown 
of the 42. captives retumd, Baptisme of Ebenezer Hins- 
dal, and Seaborn Burt yesterday p Mr. Willard. Mr. 
James Sherman had Two Hundred pounds given him 
under the notion of Arrears; I thought the proof was 
slender ; I am sure the Sudbury people have a hard Bar- 
gain of it, to pay so dear for a measure of unsavoury Salt. 
I am glad your natural force is no more abated. Pray 
make much of your Self, and live long for the profit of 
your self and others. S. S. 

Post paid. 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Mr. Taylor of Westfield, Aug* 22, 1706. p Tho. In- 
gerson. Thanks for your Contribution. Sent 4. Free 
Grace maintaind and improvd. Mather, Woodbridge, 
Buckingham. The Witnesses must be slain ; cease not 
to pray for them ; They are CHRIST'S, Wherever, and 
Whoever they be. S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. JOHN WILLLVMS. 

To the Reverd Mr, John WiUiams at Canada, ^ Samitel 

Appletoriy Esqr, 

Aug* 22, 1706. 

Sir, — The receiving Mr. Sheldon and your Letters, 
and not you ; the receiving many of the Captives, and 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 329 

not you, caused in me a mixture of Joy and Sorrow — 
parB invemt vtraq\u\e catisas. It puts me in mind of the 
Poet's Description of our mortal state — 7iulla est sincera 
voluptas. — JSolUcUumqltile aliquid — And above all, the di- 
vine Poet gives us an account of God's feeding his people 
with the bread of Tears. Well ! God times things best, 
and I endeavor to wait and hope that your mercifuU Re- 
turn will be a plain Instance of it. As you prayd ear- 
nestly for those that returned last ; so you will be glad 
to hear, that they Landed well here the 2*? Inst?. I took 
the widow Hoit into my House. It was a great pleasure, 
to see Mr. Willard baptise Ebenezer Hinsdal,^ and Sea-bom 
Burt, two little Sons born in the passage. The Captives 
most of them, began their journey homeward the 12^ 
Ins*. I spake with one to day, who met them well at 
Plainfield. Upon this same Second-day, your Son, 
Denison, and Ive Cotton dined at my house, and then 
went with my Son Joseph to Cambridge. Second-day 
Aug* 19, 1 saw your Son again at Joseph's Chamber ; and 
after, went into the Hall, and took part with them of an 
Excellent Exposition of Mr. Willard's on 1 Cor. 7. 15, 16. 
Mr. Josiah Willard^ has left the College, and Mr. Whiting 
is chosen a Fellow, and takes the Freshmen. I desire 
your Prayers for my Joseph, that he follow his Studies to 
advantage, and may have his Health. He was lately ad- 
monished of his mortality, by being a Bearer to Tuft, one 
of the Senior Sophisters, a good Scholar, who died of a 
Fever since the last Comencement. Mr. Bayley my old 
School fellow, and Fellow-Traveller, is still confin'd to the 
prison of his Stamack, grievously tormented with the 
Stone. Mr. Gibbs of Watertown is taken off his work by 



1 The Rev. Ebenezer Hinsdell, graduated at Harvard in 1727. This is 
doubtless he. See Sewall's Diary, III. 100, n. — Eds. 

^ Josiah Willard, H. C. 1698, son of Samuel, and Tutor and Librarian in 
the College. He was afterwards Secretary of the Province from 1717 till his 
death in 1756, aged 75. See Sewall's Diary, II. 306, n. — Eds. 



330 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Sickness and weakness ; and tis f eard he will not recover. 
He was a very desirable Preacher, and is much missd 
every Lord's Day. 

We have not lately received any considerable News di- 
rectly from England : but what we hear many other ways 
seems fairly to promise a notable Spanish Revolution. 
Cease not to pray, that Ch? may coinand, Govern, Controll, 
Overrule all, for his Church's Good. Sir, my dearest and 
only Brother was heartily undertaking a Voyage to Can- 
ada, to bring home the Captives; and I forwarded him 
what I could : but the Salem Pilot on whom he most de- 
pended, discouraged him, saying the year was too far 
Spent. My Brother is now Quinquagenarius, and crazy, 
which fiUd him with a just fear of a Winter Voyage home- 
ward, as well respecting himself, as the poor Captives, 
when crowded together in a very little room. My Name- 
sake and quondam Schoolfellow, Samuel Appleton Esqr., 
who is of a good Family at Ipswich, Captain of one of 
their Train Bands, and of the Council, has now engaged 
in that Undertaking. I pray God, whom the Winds and 
Seas obey, to prosper him in it, going to Canada, being 
there, and Returning. I have sent you a new Psalm 
Book with a plain Cover, of which I ask your Acceptance. 
The perils to be gon through by Sea and Land, hindred 
my sending one more costly. Inwardly tis as Golden as 
any. This day has been observed with Prayer and Fast- 
ing at the Old Ch. &c. I hope God will hear the Prayers, 
and Forgive and doe as the matter may require &c. 

S. S. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 



To Mr. James Bayley at Roxbury Septf^ 30, 1706, en- 
closing the News-Letter n? 127, Mr. Calvin's Expos, on 
Jn? 19. 28. and telling him of Debervilles broken meas- 
ures as to his coming to N-york. And giving him a short 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 331 

account of Mr. Jn? Maxwell and Mr. Jn? Valentine^s Oaths 
as to my refusing a Habeas Corpus to the prisoners July 
15, last — &c. S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN BELLAMY. 

To Mr. John Bellamy a copy of my Letter of April 30, 1706, to 

send j? the Mast Ships. 

Octob'. 11*^, 1706. 

Sir, — I send you the above-written Copy for fear of 
the miscarriage of the Original. We are here made glad 
by the good News we have of the Defeat of the French at 
Carolina in the latte[r] end of Aug? and beginning of Sept^. 
Many of them were killd and Captivated ; and but one of 
ours killd, and none wounded. Which I have received in 
a Letter from a very good Friend there. 

Sir, your humble Serv?. S. S. 

Gave this Letter to Mr. Andf FanevilP to send with his 
p the Dover, Capt. Tho. Matthews. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO COUSIN STORKE. 

To Cousin Storke, 

Octob': 12, 1706. 

Loving Cousin, — I received yours p Mr. White, and 
was glad to see and speak with one that came directly 
from you. I took Mr. White to my own House, till 1 had 
found out a suitable place for his Settlement ; which I did 
with a friend of mine Mr. Joshua Gee, who drank of 
Algier water, and is good after it. He is a good Man, 
and has as considerable Business, as most Carpenters in 
Town. Mr. White abode there a considerable time ; and 
then, removd to a Carpenter at the South end of the 
Town; and after that, had shipd himself 2"? mate and 
Carpenter with Capt. Thomas Lilly for St Christophers, 

^ Andrew Faneuil, merchant of Boston. On bis death without issue, in 
1737, he left a large fortune to his nephew, Peter Faneuil. See post, 349, n. 
— Eds. 



832 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

before I had spoken with him. He came to see me before 
he went to Sea, and left some Things with me. At sea, 
they met with a violent Storm, which causd the Loss of 
almost all their Horses, Masts, Rigging ; and were forcd 
to return back to refit. Mr. Colman the Merchant told 
me, they were now ready to Sail again. Mr. White was 
at our house for a Suit of Cloaths ; but I saw him not. 
If he had consulted me, I should rather have advised to 
his staying ashoar, though with less Gain. Yet I desire 
his prosperity in this way he is ehtred upon. 

Cousin, My wife importunes you, that you would send 
all that is due to me, to Mr. Love without fail. The next 
Sumer we must make some new Cloaths, though the 
Times be dark and difficult ; and this little Spring is our 
Supply. Our Son Joseph takes his first Degree the next 
Comencement. I desire prayers for him, that he may 
learn well to speak the Language of Canaan, may profit 
Divine and Humane Learning ; and may have his Health. 
Remember me kindly to Mrs. Mary Storke your Daughter 
in Law : I ow her a Letter ; but doubt whether shall be 
able to send one now. The War makes the Ships goe in 
Fleets, and puts us into great Hurries. I would have 
you give her Twenty Shillings to make her child a Coat. 
My Duty to my Aunt Dumer, and Love to all my Rela- 
tions and Friends. I have inclosed our good News from 
Carolina. The French and Spaniards thought to have 
swallowd them up at a mouthf uU ; but God has wonder- 
fully savd them. But one man of ours was killd and not 
one other wounded, as I am informd in a Letter from a 
good hand. I hope it is a good Omen, that God has be- 
gun, and will go on to make the Proud French Helper 
stoop. The Country-men that came to Charlestown upon 
the Alarm, were some of them taken sick after their re- 
turn home. A pestilential Fever had raged there a little 
before ; of which the Town was not now quite clear. But, 
as my friend says. They are delivered from Unmercifull 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 333 

men ; and fallen into the Hands of a MercifuU God. This 
comes seasonably to forward us in our day of Thanks- 
giving, which is next Thorsday. We are all well. My 
Service, to Madam Dumer of Swathling. I am glad to 
hear of her residing at Eumsey under Mr. Goldwire's 
Ministry. I am Sir, your loving Cousin and Servant 

Samuel Sewall. 

Octobf 15% 1706. I have this Copy made, that might 
send by two Ships, you will too soon hear of the Sor- 
rowfull News of one of Capt. Nelsons Sons being killd in 
a Garrison at Dunstable^ this last Sumer ; where my Sister 
Dorothy's Husband Northend narrowly escaped. A great 
number of Indians surprisd them in the Night : but God 
helped the English to beat them out ; though with the 
loss of several brave Men ; five, or Six. All our Friends 
at Salem, Rowley, Newbury, are well so far as I hear. 

Sir, yours, S. S. 

SAMUEL sewall TO NATHANIEL fflGGINSON. 

To Mr, Nathari Higginson, 

%\ 16, 1706. 

Sir, — The late Sessions of our Gen! Court became 
very tedious and troublesom by frequent and long ex- 
amination of Persons for illegal Trading with the Enemy ; 
French and Indians ; Taking Affidavits, Recognisances — 
&c. The Representatives led the Dance, and committed 
them one after another as suspected to be guilty of Trea- 
son. During this Sessions I was startled to hear the Gov- 
emour say in Council, that the Charter gave power to 
the Gen! Court to Try Misdemeanours. I supposd his 
Excellency thought of Mr. Lilly's case of Money, wherein 
he complaind of the Judges to the Gen! Court ; and Mr. 

^ In this Indian incursion people were killed at Chelmsford, Sndbury, 
Groton, Exeter, Dover, and oUier plantations. Hutchinson's Hist. Mass., 
n. 149. — Eds. 



334 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Paul Dudley was his Attorney. However, just at the 
end of the Sessions, the Deputies sent in a Bill, To have 
the Traders Tried before themselvs for Misdemeanour. 
The Council was surprisd, but out of favour to the pris- 
oners, were under a Temptation to consent to it, and 
with several Reasons of their own superadded did consent 
to it. I remember I objected to one Reason, which was 
the asserting their Jurisdiction from the Charter. The 
prisoners at that juncture submitting themselvs, and pe- 
titioning to be tried by the Genl. Court; An Act was 
made Saturday July 13, for their Imprisonment without 
Bail or Mainprise, in order to their Trial ; and were the 
same day prorogu[e]d to the 7th of Aug* 1706. July 
15*?, Mr. Maxwell, who married Mr. Borland's wives 
Sister, and Mr. Valentine our piiblick Notary, and an At- 
torney, came to me with the inclosed Petition from the 
Prisoners. I was surprisd at the absurdness of their ap- 
plying to me in that wherein I had no Jurisdiction. And 
it seemd the more strange, because the Court's calling 
their Crime a Misdemeanour, and taking the trial of it 
upon themselves, was in their Favour. When the Seventh 
of August came, many of the Deputies were sick of what 
they had done, and prayd a Conference upon that head ; 
at which Conference, the Speaker and others expressd 
themselves doubtfull, whether they had not proceeded 
too hastily, in calling that a Misdemeanour, which the Law 
calls Treason ; and were doubtfull whether the Gen! Court 
could proceed to Try the Prisoners. Afterward, when it 
came to the Question in Council, whether the Court should 
proceed to the Trial of the Prisoners, Nine were for it, 
and eight against it ; Mr. Secretary was one of the Eight. 
I could so little answer the Arguments used at the Con- 
ference against the procedure, that I declined sitting in 
the Court all the while the Trial was in Hand. The Ses- 
sions held till the 4'? of 7^ and was then pror6gu[e]d to 
the 24 of 8f. When the Court was risen, the prisoners 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 335 

seemd to go about to arraign the proceedings of the 
Court ; and upon the 28^? of SeptT the inclosed Affidavit 
was taken. What use they intend to make of it, I know 
not ; but my Friends advise me to guard myself against 
these Thistles. I therefore Entreat you to doe what is 
convenient for my Defence, as Occasion may be. I was 
glad the prisoners were not to be Tried for their Lives, 
and would be loth to do anything to hurt them. But a 
man canot always defend himself without hurting his An- 
tagonist. It is certain, they were the more inexcusable 
in their illegal Trade, because the Act of Parliament en- 
tituled Aft Act to prevent all Traitermis Correspondence tviih 
Her Mafs Enemies was solemnly published here the Suiiier 
before. And in SeptT Her Maj' proclamation relating to 
that Act was printed in the News-Letter. This Act seems 
to be an Affirmance of the Ancient Law, and Law of New- 
england ; Whenas it begins, Be it Declared and enacted. 
And the Act for their Imprisonment being a Law of the 
Province, it was impossible for any Judg[e] or Court 
below, to goe against it. 1 never heard that Sir Basil 
Firebrass petitioned for a Habeas Corpus, when he was 
comitted by Act of Parliament. Neither did the Depon- 
ents lay the Act for the Commitment before me, as it 
behoved them to have done, in Order to my Consider- 
ation of it. And it is to be remembred, that the General 
Court made an Act of Habeas Corpus in the year 1692, 
which was Repeald at home; and therefore the Penalty 
was Repeald with it. The priviledge will not be denyed 
to the Prisoner; and the Penalty be at the same time 
reserved for the Judge. 

I have inclosed a few Copies for your Information, and 
leave my concern with you, to doe for me as for your 
self ; in speaking to any Courtier, Lord, Secretary, Judge, 
Lawyer, or any person of Interest ; to make any Petition 
or Motion for me ; or to omit it as you judge best.. And 
what Charge you shall be .at, I will reimburse you with 



336 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

thankful! Acknowledgment. There is none in England 
I have eat so much Py in partnership with, as your self ; 
therefore I Trust you, and pray you to defend me in this 
or in any other Case ; until you find that I have deceivd 
you (which I hope you will not doe till the obtuse Angle 
in the Firmament grows acute) and that I ought not to 
be defended ; and then . . . deceptus ornitte tueyi. 

In every good cause you undertake, I hope you will be 
as successfuU as Fabius Maximus in his hovering over the 
Enemy with his Counterpoising Delays ; or as our great 
Duke, in his forcing the Enemies Lines, and compelling 
them to fight in order to his Victorious Triumphs. 

Praying God to keep us and ours, I take leave, who 
am Sir, your most humble Serv! S. S. 

Ad eundem eodem die. 

Sir, I writt you a large Letter this morning in my own 
Concern. This is to pray your Favour for my Son-in- 
Law Mr. Grove Hirst ; that if you make any Consignment 
of Merchandize, that may not be so convenient for your 
own Relations considering the place of their Dwelling, 
you would send them to him, who dwells in Town, and 
is a very industrious Skillfull Merchant, and a faithful! 
man. If you please so far to take notice of him, you will 
still further oblige your already very much obliged friend. 
And if you be a Member of the Corporation, that you 
would favour him with a Bill of Exchange or Mr. Francis 
Clark, who is partner with him, and is now going home 
in this Fleet, if he desire it. I am Sir, your most humble 
Serv? S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR HENRY ASHHURST. 

To Sir Henry Ashhurat Kt 

8! 16, 1706. 

Sir, — Although there was some difficulty in transact- 
ing the Business of the Bills of Exchange drawn on the 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 387 

GovT &c. of Connecticut by reason of their distance in 
place and civil Government; yet it is very well issued 
hitherto ; they have dealt very fairly and honestly by 
the Company, as you will see by the Accounts now sent 
home. The last Bills are wholly paid, and the first rather 
better than paid; very good Security being given for 
principal and Interest. I look upon that Colony and this 
as Twins that must necessarily, by Sympathy at least, 
Fkre mml and Rider e ; and therefore I rejoice that they 
come off so well in this particular, both for the sake of 
themselvs and of the Drawer. 

There is a very good friend of mine Mr. James Noyes 
of Stonington in Conecticut, who in his old Age has the 
exercise to answer an Appeal for England before her Maj. 
and Council. I do not know his case, but I have been 
acquainted with him above these fourty years, and know 
him to be a very honest Man, and worthy Minister ; and 
I therefore hope you will find his case to be good, when 
you see it; If you condescend to assist him in it, I trust 
it will be a good Service : and it will be an Obligation to 

I 

my self. He has a good estate beyond most Country Min- 
isters ; and I doubt not, will be able and ready to defray 
the Charges you shall be at for him, and make you some 
grateful Acknowledgment. I must now in good Earnest 
crave your pardon, that I who am my seK indebted to 
you, have adventured to draw a Bill upon you payable to 
another. Such good Offices, howsoever it go at present, 
will I hope make for your Account in the Conclusion. 
Praying God to bless you and your family, I take Leave, 
who am Sir, your Honors most humble Serv? S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN LOVE. 

To Mr, John ZfOve. 

&. 16*^, 1706. 

Sir, — I hope by the Coming of the next Ships, Mr. 
Storke will have sent you some Money for me : I would 

VOL. I. — 22. 



338 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL, 

pray you to Lay it out in the following particulars ; viz : 
Six yards bl. Broad Cloth. Eight yards black flowerd 
Lutestring or Damask. Let the flowers be of Herbs or 
Leaves ; not of Animals, or artificial things. 

Twenty yards flowerd Damask of a grave Colour. 

Eight and Twenty yards flowerd Damask Green and 
White. 

Twenty yards of Blew and White ditto. Three Silk 
Laces for Trimming the petit Coats, of the 3 colours last 
mentiond. 

Let there be no Silk Grass in any of these Silks ; but 
let them be all Silk. Let none of the Silks exceed Six 
Shillings p yard ; as much under as you can. Let them 
be thin strong Silks for Sumer wear. If Mr. Storke be 
slow, quicken him by a Letter ; and send p the first good 
Conveyance. 

Doe not absolutely ty you up to the mentioned Sorts 
of Silk; if cant get them, get other fhin and strong. 

S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR WILLIAM ASHHURST. 

To Sir W^ AshJmrst, # Mr. Fr. Clark. 

8! 19, 1706. 

Hon'" Sir, — I have already writt to your Honf p Mr, 
Francis Clark, sending in the Packet and Account drawn 
down to the last of Septf examined and allowed p the 
Comissioners. I intended to have sent a Copy of the Ac- 
count by this Fleet ; but doubt I shall be disapointed : I 
hear there is an express Signifying that they will sail next 
Monday. Under covert of your Hon' I have written to 
Mr. Higginson about a particular concern of my own. I 
durst not adventure to trouble your Honf with it imme- 
diately : But these are on purpose to crave your Honor's 
Countenance and Assistance, if there be need ; and that 
you would also speak to your worthy Brother Sir Henry 
Ashhurst. I purposed to have written largely upon this 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 339 

I 

head ; but am now forced only to write a Hint of it at 
Mr. Clark's House, who is hurrying away for fear of being 
left behind. In the Account there apears nothing of the 
Bond of Mr. Tho. Cooper and Mr. B. Pemberton. I have 
urged the payment of it, but it is not yet done : and I see 
nothing unsafe : it may be Mr. Sergeant may in time ly at 
Stake. As to the difference between 15. and 17. Pw*[?] 
It was diflScult to break the Ice ; and I have given the 
Company Credit so soon as I received it; which I had 
much exercise in doing. I deliver out the Duffal with 
proportion and Limitation. If the Company send more, 
I shall be able to deliver more to those that desire it. 
Praying G. to keep your Honf and the Hon^I* Company, 
I take Leave, who am, Sir your Hon? Most humble and 
obedient Serv? S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL mGOINSON. 

To Mr, NathancLel Higgiiiaon. 

S! 21, 1706. 

Sir, — Give me leave to add two or three words to 
what I writt you in two former Letters of the 16*? Inst*. 
One is. To qualify an Expression as to the Governour's 
saying. The Charter gave the Gen! Court power to Try 
Misdemeanours ; I am apt to think his Excellency might 
bring it in thus : Some think the Charter gives power to 
the Gen! Court to Try Misdemeanours. Whereas the Govf 
at other times used very zealously to Declame against the 
Gen! Courts intermeddling with any Judicial matter. 

Another thing is. It seems very Inconvenient for the 
Province, that the Governour's Son^ should sustain the 
place of an Attorney ; especially in cases brought before 
the Gen! Court ; and before the Govemour and Council, 
where nothing can be done without the Governour's Con- 
sent in Writing. The Son may be presented with so large 
a Fee, as that it may become the Father's Bribe. 

^ Paul Dudley, Attorney-General. — Eds. 



340 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

I have been often told by many intelligent persons, 
That it would be very Honorable and profitable for the 
Crown of England to take into their Actual possession 
Port-Royal in Nova Scotia, and Canada. Probably, less 
than half the Treasure expended at Guadaloop, might re- 
duce these places, and with little or no Bloodshed. The 
West-Indies are a Grave to English-Men ; these Climats 
are Healthy. The bringing them under Her Maj? Obe- 
dience, would vastly enlarge the English Empire; Cut 
off the Succours and Suplies of Her Maj! barbarous Ene- 
mies ; Render these quiet Habitations for the overflowing 
of Her Maj's Engl, and Scotch Subjects to reside in; 
whither they might at all times safely resort, to Trade 
for Fish, Lumber, Furrs, Coals &c. 

If it ly in your power to promote this Noble Design, it 
may quickly tend to the happy increase of the English 
Trade, and the Protestant Religion. 

Present my humble Service to Sir William Ashhurst, 
and to Sir Henry, and bespeak their Favour and Assist- 
ance in any Concern of mine, as need may require. 
I am, Sir, your most humble Serv* 

Samuel Sewall, 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. Samuel Moodey at York 9r 25*^ 1706. En- 
closed the News-Letter of this day, a Catechisme, Mr. 
Stoddard, and Dr. Mather's Tithes ; Spake of Byfield Or- 
dination, and Sudbury. Mr. Williams retumd a Con- 
querour from Canada; Daughter Hirst's little Elizabeth 
bom the 20'? 8y. Mr. Bayley under the Torments of the 
Stone ; youth Cut about three weeks ago by Mr. Boriston 
like to do well. These I send p Tho. Short by water to 
Piscataqua. Gave a News-Letter to Mr. E. Mayhew, Mr. 
Williams, Son Sewall, 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 341 

Novf 27. To Richd Waldron Esqr. p Tho. Short, enclos- 
inff Mr. Stoddard, and Dr. Mather's Tithes;^ and a Foun- 
tain^ to Madam Waldron. 

Writt also to Major Hainond in behalf of Tho. Short, 
and send him Dr. Mather's Tithes. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. COTTON MATHER. 

To Mr. Cotton Mather. 

Dect 10, 1706. 

Reverd. Sir, — In Answer to yours of Novf 27 in be- 
half of Mr. Nathanael Henchman, please to accept the 
following Matters of Fact. After the death of Capt. 
Daniel Henchman, I adjusted Accounts with his Heirs; 
and finding their estate much in Debt to ours, I freely 
abated Two Hundred and fourty six pounds Sixteen Shil- 
lings^ charged with Capt. Hull's own Hand in many years, 
for Interest justly due ; the chief of the Debt arising upon 
Money Lent and paid. This being done, on Aug* 24, 
1687, 1 took a Deed of their House and Wharf in Boston, 
in Consideration of the Payment of Four Hundred pounds 
justly owing out of their estate, as also in further Consid- 
eration of One Hundred pounds more paid them by Sam- 
uel and Hanah Sewall at the Sealing of the Deed.* Written 
by Mr. Addington, and executed by Mrs. Mary Henchman 
the Widow, Mr. Richard Henchman, Mr. Hezekiah, and 
Mr. Nathan* Henchman; and was Recorded the 15*? of 
October next. 



^ ** A Discourse concerning the Maintenance Due to those that Preach the 
Gospel in which that Question whether Tithes are by the Divine Law the 
Ministers Due, is Considered and the Negative proved." By Increase 
Mather, pp. 7. Boston, 1706. See Sibley's Graduates of Harvard Univer- 
sity, I. 458. — Eds. 

' Samuel Willard's **The Fountain Opened: or. The Great Gospel Privi- 
lege of having Christ Exhibited to Sinfull Men wherein also is proved that 
there shall be a National Calling of the Jews. " See Proceedings (2d Series), 
n. 41; Sibley's Graduates of Harvard University, II. 31. —Eds. 

• £246.16. « £500.00. 



342 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL 8EWALL. 

Upon the 24«^ of Octob' 1688, Mr. Hezekiah Henchman 
took a Lease for .the Westerly end of the Tenement, at 
Ten pounds for one year ; and then peacably to deliver 
it up in good Repair. And Mrs. Mary Henchman took a 
Lease the same day, of the Ejisterly half of the Tenement 
for — at the year's end peacably to deliver it up in good 
Repair. They dwelFd in it before ; but I conjecture, the 
prospect I had of going to England in November, put me 
upon taking these Leases. When I returnd from England, 
I had some thoughts of carrying out the Wharf, so as to 
fit it for a Building yard ; that fell through. However I 
had a mind to keep the Tenfiment, for sake of the River ; 
and to join it to the Pasture above, for a Settlement. But 
about the year 1701, I found myself under a necessity to 
sell it for the payment of my Debts; and to that purpose 
a Note was publickly affixed : yet no Chapman apeared, 
which put me upon selling other Lands to my great Loss. 
Sometime the last Winter, Mr. Tileston the carpenter en- 
quired after it, as desirous to buy it. It seems his viewing 
of the House, awakened Mr. Henchman, as you Avill see 
by Mr. Richard Henchman's Letter dated Febr. 27. "I 
" understand my Brother has been lately with your Honf 
" about a Concern, wherein we are all very much con- 
*' cerned, but our Mother above the rest, who cant bear the 
"thoughts, Aiitiqiiam scilicet domiim alieno doininari domino. 
" My Brof at her solicitation especially, intended no other 
" (tho too Supinely delayd) than to redeem it, if possible. 
" But trusting your candor w^ould not suffer a Stranger's 
" Entrance without the privity of our Information, and 
" Refusal, has made us too careless all along. And sir, 
" we return you our hearty Thanks, that this confidence 
" has not altogether faild us, and that you have done noth- 
" ing yet effectually in the Affair. My Request finally 
" is, that my Brother that is now resolved, pace tua, to buy 
"it, may have all the Consideration, which the kindest 
" Favourer (our family ever experienced) can yield to a 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 343 

*'man that has met with so many Losses; both in the 
" former, and present War ; yet solicitous to purchase an 
^ ancient Tenement, which will also require much Expence 
" to the Shoring and keeping it in Repair. R. H." 

The Date of this Letter is the only prop of my Memory, 
as to Time : Mr. N. Henchman says, the last time of his 
Treating with me about purchasing the Tenement, was 
in April, or May last. The place was my Apartment in 
the old House. I pleaded with him, used all the Argu- 
ments I could think of to persuade him to bid up for it ; 
I would fain have sold it to him: I Expostulated with 
him, that he of whom I bought it, ought not to undervalue 
it; that having had Losses at Sea, it might be well for 
him to try some Business at Land, for which this would be 
a suitable Accomodation. His Topicks were, the Decay 
of the House and Wharf, and the abundance of Repairs it 
calld for ; and the most that he could be brought to offer, 
was Two Hundred and Fifty pounds, 15^ wt, as the full 
worth of it. I retired into the Chamber, and consulted 
with my wife ; and when I could bring him no higher, re- 
fused his Offer. I heard nothing of him in five or Six 
Moneths ; and had not received a farthing Rent since last 
April was two years. His price being rejected, he was at 
Liberty whether he would offer half so much in time to 
come. I had no way to help my self, not knowing any 
one for whom it might be convenient and encouraging, 
to bid to the worth of it. Now as it is improbable, and 
Unreasonable that I should make such a Promise as he 
speaks of (being nothing less than an advantage to wrest 
it out of our hands at his own price) so neither could I 
do it of my self, my wife being a joint-purchaser with me. 
And we can both confidently say, that if Mr. Henchman 
had then bid £300-0-0 15^-w* it had been his; which is 
Fourty pounds under what it is now sold for : and Ninety 
pounds more than he could be prevaild with to bid for it, 
is now given. I suppose I expended more j but I have 



344 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

an Account of Eighty three pounds, Six shfllings and 
Seven pence laid out by me in building and rebuilding 
the Stone wall at the West-End next the Water ; in Re- 
pairing the Wharf; in pulling down the Malt-House 
(which would else have fallen down) and building a good 
Leanto out of it, the whole length of the House ; which 
is very convenient for a Warehouse, and for fitting of 
Rigging. I have received for Rent, Ninety one pounds 
ten shillings and nine pence.^ So that for nineteen years 
Rent I have received clear but eight pounds, four shillings 
and two pence. And I have run the Risk of Fire and Water 
all this while. By reason of this Repair, and Building, I 
am of Opinion, that the Tenement is really better now, 
than when I bought it : And therefore Mr. N. Henchman, 
who best knew the worth of it, did not do well to depre- 
tiat it, as if (reckoning the alteration of the Money) it 
were not worth half what it cost ; which was matter of 
Grief to me. Especially considering that the Interest of 
£500-0-0 for Nineteen years, at 6 p Cent (too low an In- 
terest for Candle-Rents) amounts to £570-0-0. And 
considering, that Mrs. Henchman has not paid 12^ a year 
Rent for Nineteen years dwelling in the best end of the 
House; which at £10- p Annum comes to £190-0-0,* 
To go about to lessen and disfigure this Kindness by re- 
porting what Capt. Hull should say upon his Death-bed ; 
savours of a Proud sort of Ingratitude. My father spake 
to me in favour of Mr. Broughton ; that he spake of Capt. 
Henchman, I know not. But if he did, I cant think he 
thereby intended to forbid Mrs. Henchman's going to visit 
his Daughter and Heir, her Landlady, once in Seven 
years, and thank her for her kindness ; He did not intend 
his Daughters Kindness should cause an estrangement in 
her on whom it was bestowed. But Mrs. Henchman, who 

1 £91. 10. 9 « £190-CM), 

83. e. 7 

8-4-2 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 345 

has livd in our House only upon Sufferance these Seven- 
teen years ; saw meet to keep the door lock'd against me 
this day ; who should, I hope, have given her no bad Ad- 
vice ; nor have augmented her Calamity, if she had vouch- 
safed to speak with me. 

After all this, you will be ready to wonder that Mr. N. 
Henchman should not be ash&md to disquiet the Neigh- 
bourhood with Clamors of Injustice. His obstinatly stand- 
ing at £250-0-0 15^wt. is that which has hurt him ; it 
being One Hundred pounds, at least, under what the Ten- 
ement was xichly worth: his Clamor against others is 
Unjust. He ought not in the maner he doth to Revile 
Mr. Verien for relieving others against his Oppression. 
You will be ready to think it may be profitable for some 
folks to change their Landlord, that they may learn the 
Difference. I have this Comfort, that whatsoever Oblo- 
quy I my self am covered with ; yet I hope, GOD of his 
Rich, Unaccountable, Inexhaustible, Victorious Grace, will 
insert my injured Name among those that hunger and 
thirst after Righteousness ; and that He will never strike 
my Name out of that blessed Catalogue. That this Hope 
may never make me ashamd, let me have your incessant 
Prayers for Sir 

your obliged friend 

and humble Serv*" 

S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL BTFIELD. 

To JVcUhanciel Byfield Eaqr. 

Jan! 6«», 170f . 

Sir, — The inclosed News-Letter mentions the little 
Parish, that bears your Name, and was so called for your 
sake. The Parishioners have struggled with many Diffi- 
culties in their little and low beginnings. The Work they 
have accomplished, is Noble. They have settled the Wor- 
ship of GOD in a place where the Inhabitants were under 



346 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEW ALL. 

very hard Circumstances, by reason of their Bemoteness. 
Their Hands are few, and weak. If you shall find in your 
heart, one way or other to give them a Lift, I am per- 
suaded, you will therein be a Worker with GOD ; And I 
hope, neither you, nor any of your Descendents, will have 
cause to Repent of it. I do not challenge it of you ; but 
I must needs say, if you wholly decline it, I sh^ll fail of 
my expectation. 

Living upon your Lands, you are in a special maner 
concernd in the small Treatise inclosed, which please to 
accept of, from Sir, 

your humble Serv! S. S. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Nathanael Pain, Esqr. at Bristol, enclosing a Draught 
of a Release for Mr. Nathan! Blagrove and Elizabeth his 
wife to execute ; and a Letter to Mr. Blagrove. Desire 
Mr. Pain to Pay the Consideration, and take the Acknowl- 
edgment; I will Reimburse when comes to Court, and 
Acknowledge his Serv^ice in this Transaction. Service to 
Madam Pain, To Mr. Sparhawk. 

Most part of the Land is barren and worth little or 
nothing. S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL SHEPARD. 

To Samuel Shepard Esif 

Apr. 28, 1707. 

Sir, — I have not received a Line from you since your 
return home. I have confided in you to manage that 
Affair, as you see by my leaving the writings in your 
hands. I therefore earnestly desire, that you would 
bring it to as good an Issue as you can, Speedily. The 
Commencement draws on, which will be to me expemnve; 
my Son^ being to take his first Degree. Let me hear from 

1 Joseph Sewall, afterwards minister of the Old South Church. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEW ALL. 347 

you by the first. Send me the EflEects if you can. How- 
ever, Write to me by the first Post. It will be advisable 
for Mrs. Loveridge to bring the matter to a Conclusion : 
She may fall into a worse hand than mine. My circum- 
stances are very urgent. With my Service to you and 
Madam Shepard, I take Leave, who am, Sir, your friend 
and Serv* S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SHERIFF DYER. 

To Mr. Sherif Dyer. 

May 6, 1707. 

Sir, — I hear Mr. Winchcomb passd a Trial last Gen! 
Quarter Sessions for an abominable Crime, having been 
presented by the Grand-Jury ; Now although he was ac- 
quited by the Jury of Trials ; yet, as it was said of Caesar's 
Wife, Officers of Her Majs Courts ought not to be cloathed 
with Suspicion of such a Nature. 

Therefore I would have you acquaint him his attend- 
ance at Court will not be expected or allowed, till he be 
thereunto call'd anew. The Lord keep us ! I intend to 
be early at the Council Chamber. Sir, your Serv* 

Sam^ Sewall. 

samuel sewall to joseph dudley. 

To Govr Dudley. 

May 19*»», 1707. 

May IT PLEASE YOUR Excellency, — Mr. Bromfield 
and I, according to your Excellency's Direction, waited 
upon the President last Friday morning, and finding a 
convenient oportunity, enquired of him when he intended 
to go to Cambridge : He answered, Next week, express- 
ing his intention of settleing a method for the Coiiienc- 
ment Work. Having received this Answer, We suposed 
we had no more to offer, and after awhile came away. 
Mr. Willard preached yesterday, and administred the 
Lord's Supper. Mr. Pemberton began with Prayer, to 



348 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

assist him. Being now bound to Ipswich Court, I thought 
it necessary to signify thus much. Praying your Exce*f 
Favour for the College and for my Son Joseph Sewall, 
who is one of the Comencers, I take Leave, who am, your 
Exc. most humble Serv? S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL SHEPARD. 

To Mr, Samuel SheparcL 

May 26, 1707. 

Sir, — At my return from Ipswich Court, I received 
yours of the 30*? of April, giving a full account of Mrs. 
Loveridge's affairs. I consent to your taking One Hun- 
dred and Twenty pounds New- York Money; and would 
have you remit it to me by Bill of Exchange. I took it 
for granted that our customary Money had been just equal 
with yours ; viz : 15** wt. I am surprisd to hear that your 
Provinces are fallen below that. We have had a very 
dry time ; some drops of Eain fell this morn, and have 
hopes of more. Such an April and May have hardly been 
known before, for Drought. Some of the best News we 
have is, that Mr. Davie ^ of New-London is come to be a 
Knight and Baiieret, which Honor is suported with an 
estate of 4 or five Thousand pounds p aiium. You will 
wish him and his Lady Joy of it, and pray that they may 
improve it for their own Good, and for the Good of New- 
England, as Oportunity may offer. Col. Nathanl Salton- 
stall^ died at Havarill last Wednesday. The Widow Avery 
(formerly Tappin) was buried last Friday. Mr. Willard 
is so far Recovered of a dangerous fit of Sickness, as that 

^ John Davie, H. C. 1681, succeeded in 1707 to a baronetcy created in 
1644. He died in 1727, and the baronetcy became extinct in 1846. See 
Sibley's Graduates of Harvard University, III. 231 ; and Sewall's Diary, II. 
188, n.— Eds. 

* Nathaniel Saltonstall, H. C. 1659, grandson of Sir Richard, and the im- 
mediate ancestor of this distinguished family. See Sibley's Graduates of 
Harvard University, II. 1. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 349 

he has preached thrice, and been once at the College since 
his coming abroad. We are well. Presume you have 
before now received mine of Apr. 28*?*. I desire and order 
you to issue with Mrs. Loveridge, as you would do for 
your self. I am Sir, your humble ServJ S. S. 

Let your Bills be Good. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL SHEPARD. 

To Mr, Samuel Sh^ard at Woodbridge. 

July 7, 1707. 

Sir, — I have yours of the 20*? of June ; am glad you 
have concluded with Mrs. Loveridge to mutual Content. 
If she have not satisfied you, I would have you satisfy 
your self out of the Money, for your Expence and Travel 
in procuring it: And I desire and Order you to deliver 
the rest to Capt. Benj- Fanevill Merchant, in New-york, 
and take Bills of Exchange of him on his Brother Mr. 
Andrew FaneviP Merchant in this Town, at Ten days 
Sight, at Par. I have discoursd Mr. Andrew Fanevil, 
and understand it will readily be done. If I can do any- 
thing in quickening Capt. Wilson in your Concern, and 
disposing the Money, when received, to your Order; I 
hope I shall not be wanting. I have waited upon Mrs. 
Shepard once since her coming to Town ; Hear nothing 
but that all are well. Col. Hutchinson, Townsend, Lev- 
erett set sail for Port-Royal last Satterday, with a fair 
wind. Capt. Ephraim Savage goes Captain of a new- 
Raisd Company ; Timothy Wadsworth is his lieut.* 

I am. Sir, your friend and Serv? S. S. 

* Benjamin Faneuil, of the well-known Huguenot family, and a merchant 
resident at New Rochelle, N. Y., and elder brother of Andrew Faneuil of 
Boston. He was the father of Peter Faneuil who presented Faneuil Hall to 
the town of Boston. The family at the Revolution were Loyalists. Sabine's 
Loyalists, L 418. — Eds. 

^ This company probably formed a part of the reinforcements sent on the 
unfortunate expedition against Port Royal, referred to in Palfrey's Hist, of 
New England, IV. 272. — Eds. 



350 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



MEMORANDUM. 

July 14*?, 1707. As a Thankfull Remembrance that I 
have passd and repassd through Ipswich these fourty 
years ; and have had free Egress and Regress, and have 
not been stop'd; and out of Respect to Mr. Jaffrey's 
Memory ; I made the following Distichs awhile ago : and 
gave them this day to Mr. Campbell, to send them to his 
Son, or Widow. 

Deo Servaiori. 

Ipsvici tumulos Sospes Jaffraeus'^ adauget: 
Portus-magtie^ tihi detrahitur tumuliis, 

Quisquis progrederis, reverens adverte, viator/ 
Florescat lachrymis tumba rigata tuis. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL SHEPARD. 

To Mr. Sam\ SJiepard, 

July 21, 1707. 

Sir, — The above is a Copy of my order formerly sent 
you;^ which I now again Refresh. I find also that in 
mine of May 26, I expressly directed you to send me the 
Money by Remitting it by good Bills of Exchange ; for 
which reason I had some expectation of receiving them 
by this Post, and am concernd that I do not. I was sur- 
prisd at one word in yours of June 20"* viz : " But (Sir) 
when I have it, I know not how to remit it to Boston, 
unless this Contrivance will take." And then you men- 
tion your desire that Capt. Wilson should sell your Land 
at Dorchester call'd Chapmans Island &c. I have now 
put you in a fair way to Remit it, and order you so to do. 
I stand in great need of it to discharge my just Debts ; 

* George Jaffrey, a man of distinction living at Newcastle, N. H. (the 
Portus-magnus of the distich), died at the house of Colonel Appleton, in Ips- 
wich, Feb. 13, 1707. — Eds. 

2 Letter of July 7. 



6C 
U 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 351 

and therefore consented to the [Stripping] of it to so small 
a Substance; because of my urgent Necessity. I have 
put great Trust in you ; do not deceive me ; but speedily 
and well finish what you have well begun, in which you 
will oblige yoxir friend and Serv? S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

July 21, 1707. Writt to Capt. John Wilson to excite 
him to sell Mr. S. Shepard's Land at Dorchester call'd 
Chapman's Island : and that he would let me speak with 
him about it at his next coming to Town. 

Aug? 19. Shipped on the Briganteen Lark, Capt. Sam- 
uel Long, a Small Box marked S. S. Q. with Ink qt 14. 
pounds of Sugar in a linen Bagg ; six pounds of Rice and 
Two pounds Chockalett in another linen Bagg; a little 
Cinnamon ; a Duz. of Bisket ; Duz. of Ginger Bread ; Tin 
pot ; Knife, Old shirt, wooden Dish : To be delivered to 
the Rever? Mr. Samuel Moodey Chaplain to Her Maj" 
Forces Eastward, and to Cousin Samuel Sewall. In my 
Letter I inclosed a News-Letter, two Copies of Mr. Bay- 
ly's Verses, Babylon is fallen. Referd him to the comon 
Stock for Mr. Williams's Sermon ; a Hundred of them 
being sent to the Army at my Motion. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. JOHN WILLIAMS. 

To Mr. John Williams o/ Deerfield, in Answer to his of August 18'* 

Aug* 23, 1707. 

Sir, — I have yours of the 18*? of this Moneth. I hope, 
before now you have the Sermons sent you p Mr. Frary 
of Hatfield. 

I heartily pray to God for his Blessing upon and with 
you in the resettlement of your family. But I cant pray 



352 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

in faith for God's Blessing upon your Marriage of your 
Cousin-German, because to me it is at least doubtful!, 
whether it be lawfull or no.* Your Canada Neighbours 
will be shooting at you ; and I would fain have you be 
invulnerable; and not give them any occasion to blas- 
phem.^ The Law of Marriage was in the Papists hands ; 
and without question, they went too far in their Prohi- 
bitions ; viz. to the fourth and fourth degree. As I un- 
derstand it, they forbad the Marriage of First, Second, 
and Third Cousins. But then I fear the EngUsh Nation 
went beyond the Golden Mean, towards the other ex- 
tream, when by the Statute of the 32. of H. 8. Cap. 38. 
they expressly made the Marriage of Cousin Germans 
lawfull. Cousin Germans are near of kin. Either his 
Unkle or his Unkles Son may redeem him, or any that 
is nigh of kin unto him. Levit. 25. 49. Dr. Owen in 
his Exposition upon Hob. 13. 1. hath this passage ; — 
" Brotherhood with respect to a near Stock, as the Chil- 
" dren of the same Parents ; which in the Scripture is 
" constantly extended unto Grandfathers also." p. 203. 
K Cousin Germans (or Brothers and Sisters in the fore- 
mentioned sense) may lawfully marry. By the same rule, 
a man may marry his great Aunt : and a man has done 
so ; and being call'd in question by the Spiritual Court ; 
he was rescued and defended by the forementioned 
Statute. Tell it not in Gath. 

To say that the Marriage of Cousin Germans is not 
Incest, is to beg the Question;^ there are degrees of 
Incest. If the Gentlewoman you mention had children, 
they would be Second Cousins to your children; which, 



1 See Feb. 23, 170f. 

* Williams and his wife had been carried into captivity by the Indians 
from Deerfield, Feb. 29, 1705, and his wife murdered by them. He returned 
in October, 1706, and married a daughter of Captain Allen, of Windsor, 
Conn. — Eds. 

' See the Answer of Aug! 29. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 353 

I think, shews the reasonableness of that Kule ; viz. that 
Consanguinity and Affinity equally hinder Marriage. 
Causa recens meltor. Mrs. Stoddard, that has been a long 
time your Mother, will now become your Aunt. I will 
not give you any further trouble.^ Accept of the in- 
closed verses to distribute in your County, as you see 
meet. I pray God to order all for the best for you: 
and earnestly desire your Prayers for me, my wife and 
Children, Son-in-Law, Daughter-in-Law ; that the Sun of 
Righteousness may arise with Healing under his wings 
upon every one of us. We are in pain for Mr. Shelden ; 
and for the Expedition to Port-Royal.^ 

I am. Sir, your friend and Serv? S. S. 

Enclosed 8 Copies of Mr. Noyes's Verses on Mr. Bayly. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL SHEPARD. 

To Mr. Saml Shepard of Wbodbridge. 

Aug* 25, 1707. 

Sir, — I have yours of the 9*? Inst, advising that Mrs. 
Loveridge has at last paid you ; and that Capt. Fanevill 
has no occasion for Bills of Exchange ; I therefore desire 
and Order you to pay Col. du Peister, or Mr. Phillips, 
Ninety pounds; and take a Receipt for the use of tiie 
Reverd. Mr. John Lydius of Albany, in Consideration of 
his Endeavours in Gospellizing the Indians in those parts. 
Take two Receipts, or 3. of the same Tenor and Date, 
and send me one of them. I thank you for your effectual 
Care in my Business. Advise me of your progress, and 
then you may expect further order. Let me know what 
rests in yoiu: hand for me, after payment of the £90-0-0. 
I am. Sir, your friend and Serv' S. S. 

» See SewalPs Diary, 11. 806, n. — Eds. 

' The expedition against Port Royal had failed. See Sewall's Diary, n. 
184, 185, 189. — £d8. 
▼OL. I.— 28. 



354 LETTEB-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



MEMOBANDUM. 

Extract of Mr. WUliams's Answer to mine of Aug* 23. 
I find it no where forbidden; and find it expressly com- 
manded to, or commended in the daughters of Zelophe- 
had. K God spare our Lives, I doubt not but I shall give 
your Hon' full satisfaction that I am in this Matter di- 
rected of God. John Williams. 

Dek&f? Aug* 29, 1707. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS BUCKINGHAML 
To Mr. Thomas Buckingham^ at Sat/brook. 

» 7, 1707. 

Sib, — I have sent the five volumns of Pole's Synopsis 
Criticorum, p Mr. Simon Smith, for the use of your Col- 
legiat School.^ They have been Transported from Boston 
to Woodbury ; and back again. If it please God they 
get well to Saybrook ; I would have them rest there, and 
move no more. My Service to you, and the Gent? Trus- 
tees, desiring your Acceptance of this Token of my being 
a Well-wisher to the Prosperity of your College ; though 
possibly, it may import the less increase of our own. I 
hope the Interest of Christ's Kingdom in general, will be 
promoted ; which is that we should aim at. I am, Sir, 
your humble Serv* S. S. 

MEMORANDA OF LETTERS, 

To Samuel Partridge, EsqT, DecemT 26, 1707, to enclose 
Mary Storer's Letter to be forwarded to Albany. Sev- 
eral have desired Copies of the Reasons for my withdraw- 
ing my Vote;^ So that to prevent Untrue ones, I have 
printed them, and sent you three. 

^ Tale College, which was originally established at Saybrook, and was 
removed to New Haven in 1717. — Eds. 

* On a charge against Governor Dudley of participation in illegal trade 
with the French in Canada. More may be learned about the matter from 
Sewall's Diary, n. 200-202. —Eds. 



LETTEB-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 355 

To Mr. Edward Taylor of We^tfield, Decf 26, 1707, in- 
closing the News-Letter of Dec! 1, and two Copies of my 
Reasons of my withdrawing my Vote ; with some brief 
Account. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL SHEPABD. 

To Mr. 8am\ Shepard at Woodbridge. 

Dec? 29, 1707. 

Sib, — I writt to you formerly about the Thirty pounds 
of mine remaining in your hands, desiring and ordering 
you to send it by the Post to Capt. B. Fanevil Merchant 
at New-york. Yours of the 30*? of October is the last I 
have received from you. But this morning, Mr. Andrew 
Fanevill's Servant comes to me, and tells me from his 
Master, that you decline delivering the Money to the 
post, except I will run the venture of it and pay the Post 
for carrying it : Both which were fully comprehended in 
my former order. However, if it seem not so to you, 
I do expressly agree to those Conditions ; The Post's Re- 
ceipt shall be your Discharge, and I will pay the Postage 
of it to Capt. Fanevil. If you think you can send more 
safely by some honest neighbor of yours, you may take 
that course. Upon my receiving Advice of the Money 
being paid to Capt. Fanevil, I will pay five pounds to 
your Order here in this Town. And if you think not 
that a suitable Acknowledgment of your Service, I will 
add to it. Only let the Matter be speedily accomplished, 
because I want the Money. I have long since left a 
Funeral Sermon with Mrs. Perry for you ; Mr. Colman's 
Verses are anexed. Here is no News, but what the 
News-Letter will prevent my telling you. Mr. Chiever 
is yet alive,^ and teaches School. His Granddaughter 
Chiever of Marblehead came to him lately upon a visit, 
died suddenly, and was buried from his House ; was aboyt 

^ He died the foUowing year, namely, Aug. 21, 1708. — Eds. 



356 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

29. years old, a descendent of Dr. Ames.^ GOD is Sover- 
aign in determining the space of our abode in this World. 
I have lately read the Remonstrance of your Representa- 
tives; my Lord Cornbury's^ Answer; and the Representa- 
tives Reply. Tis expected that Mr. Leverett will shortly 
be installed as President of Harvard College. The Genf 
Court have allowed One Hundred and Fifty pounds p 
annum, Salary ; He relinquishing his other offices. Let 
us have your Prayers for the welfare of that Society, and 
of the Province. My Service to Madam Shepard. 

Sir, your friend and Serv? S. S. 
After Mr. Fanevil's Servant had done his message ; I 
went to the Post-house for a Letter; but found none; 
which surprised me. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL NILEa 

To CapL Nathan\ Nilea at IRngston, 

Dec? 29, 1707. 

Capt. Niles, — I had expectation of seeing you here, 
one of your Bonds being due the 28*? of this M^, which 
made me defer writing. I have on the other side copied 
out Mr. Brenton's Agreement touching the Lot on Mum- 
ford's Island ; that you may see and prepare your self, if 
he should give you Trouble. Be sure if he enter into a 
Course of Law, let me have timely notice of it : for I intend 
to go to Court my self. Do not you make any Concession 
to him, or Agreement with him that may concern me, with- 
out my knowledge. &c. your loving Landlord S. S. 

1 Mary Cheever, the fifth child of the Rev. Samuel Cheever of Marble- 
head, was baptized in the First Church in Salem, May 1, 1681, and died in 
Boston, Dec. 14, 1707. She was not only a granddaughter of the well-known 
Boston schoolmaster, but also, as the text indicates, a descendant (a great- 
granddaughter) of Dr. Ames, who wrote the "Medulla Theologiae." See 
Hassam's Account of "Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Descendants," 32 
and 33; and Sewall's Diary, III. 63, n. — Eds. 

* Edward Hyde, Viscount Cornbury, afterwards third Earl of Clarendon of 
the first creation, and Grovemor of New York. He was first cousin of Queen 
Anne. — Eds. 



I,ETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 357 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO GUHDON SALTONSTALL.1 

To the honorable Gordon SdUonataU Eacf^ Gov": of Connecticut^ at 

NeW'JLondon. 

Feb": 9, 170J. 

Sir, — The Massachusetts and Coiiecticut Jurisdictions 
are Sympathizing Twins : Reformed Religion is the parent 
of each Plantation. I therefore reckon it my Duty, and 
it is a pleasure to me to join them together in my desires 
of Good for them. And I look upon your being consti- 
tuted the Govemour of Connecticut, to be a gracious ful- 
fillment of those desires by Him from whom comes down 
every good and perfect Gift. I am glad of it, and heart- 
ily congratulat your Honor, and the Colony. Our alma 
Mater is honorable in furnishing you formerly with Pas- 
tors, and now with a Govemour. As I am no friend to 
the Translation of Ministers from One Church to another. 
So I canot be of Opinion that a whole province has not 
Authority to dispose of their Own to the best advantage. 
Methinks the high Priest of Old being a great Magistrat ; 
and the Magistrat now being undoubtedly Cttstos virimq\u\e 
TabulcB helpt to fortify me. The Employment of the 
Magistrat and Minister are so much a-kin, that they do 
and ought Mviuas tradere Operas. I hope, in the Spring, 
the more diffusive body of the Freemen will see it their 
Interest to Renew your Call to Rule over them ; and that 
GOD will afford his gracious Concurse in Assisting and 
Accepting you as their Saviour ; to the great delight and 
Satisfaction of Trew New-Englishmen both there and here ; 
and more particularly, of your Honors most humble 
Servant S. S. 



* Rev. Gurdon Saltonstall of New London, H. C. 1684, Grovernor of Con- 
necticut, son of Nathaniel. He died in 1724. See Sibley's Graduates of 
Harvard University, III. 277; and Sewall's Diary, U. 367, n. and UI. 368, n. 
— Eds. 



358 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



MEMOBANDUM OF LETTER. 

Febr. 13, 1707/8. I writt to Cousin Moodey of York 
inclosing the News-Letter of the first of DecT and telling 
him that I withdrew my Vote from what was pass'd Nov! 
the first and gave my Reasons mider my hand, which 
were read in Council, and filed Novf 25. If any Petition 
should be ofEerd you to Sign, you may with fairness and 
Modesty ask so much time of Consideration as while you 
may take a Copy of it. If that be denyed, you may 
fairly decline signing it ; lest you repent at leisure what 
you may be on a sudden drawn to doe. &c. Had writ a 
large Letter of yesterday's date, and sent with it Mr. 
Makemie's Trial.^ 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOSEPH PARSONS AND JOHN HOLYOKK. 

To Joseph Parsons and ) ^ 

John Holyoke i ^^ * Boston, Feb^ 18, 1701. 

Gentlemen, — His Excellency our Governour, lately 
delivered me yours of January 21, with the Affidavits re- 
lating to Philip Read prisoner at Springfield ; And I am 
directed by the Governour and Council to say, " That the 
" matter of Fact will be best known to you at the . next 
" Sessions, when the witnesses and the said Read may be 
" examined face to face. And if the Fact, in your Opin- 
" ion, come within the meaning of the Law entituled, An 
" Act against Atheisme and Blasphemie^ p. 99, he must be 

^ See ante, page 12, note. — Eds. 

* The act ** against Atheisme and Blasphemie" was passed Oct, 30, 1697. 
As may be imagined, it imposed severe penalties for such offences. The fol- 
lowing is the substance of the act: ** That if any person shall presume wil- 
fully to blaspheme the holy name of God, Father, Son, or Holy Ghost, either 
by denying, cursing or reproaching the true God, his creation, or government 
of the world ; or by denying, cursing or reproaching the Holy Word of God, 
that is the canonical Scriptures contained in the books of the Old and New 
Testaments [naming them in their order] ; every one so offending shall be 
punished by imprisonment not exceeding six months and until they find sure- 
ties for the good behaviour, by setting in the pillory, by whipping, boreing 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 859 

" bound over to the next Court of Assize and gen? Goal 
" Delivery to be held at Boston ; as also the witnesses." 

It doth not apear that our Blessed Saviour pluck'd any 
Ears; He defended his Disciples. And not so much as 
the Pharisees did accuse them of Stealing; but of Sab- 
bath-breaking.* The Law allow'd passengers in their 
way, to take a transient Refreshment of the Fruits they 
passd by. 

Praying God to direct you in this, and all other your 
weighty Affairs, that you may partake of his Honor, I 
rest, Gentlemen, your hiunble Serv! S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR HENR7 ASHHURST. 

To Sir Henry Aahurat. 

Febr. 25, 170}. 

By the inclosed Paper you will have some view of our 
Perplexities, and be disposed to help us. 

Sir, — It is confidently reported here, that Col. Dudley's 
Government is near its end ;^ If he should indeed be re- 
moved ; I apprehend you would do this Province Excel- 
lent Service, if you could procure, that Mr. Nathanael 
Higginson* might be made our Govemour. I should be 
humbly Thankfull for such an obligation; and I hope 
you should not find the Province ingratef ull. S. S. 

inclosd Mr. Willard, and Govf Winthrop's Fun! Sermons. 



through the tongue with a red hot iron, or setting upon the gallows with a 
rope about their neck, at the discretion of the court of assize and general gaol 
delivery before which the tryal shall be, according to the circumstances which 
may aggravate or alleviate the offence: provided^ that not more than two of 
the aforementioned punishments shall be inflicted for one and the same fact." 
See Commontoecdth v. Kneeland, 20 Pickering's Reports, 206. — Eds. 

1 Marc. 2. 23. Deut. 23. 25. 

» See Palfrey's Hist. N. E., IV. 297. — Eds. 

« See ante, page 214, n. Mr. Higginson's death in this year may have been 
the reason why he was not appointed. — Eds. 



360 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN LOVE. 

To Mr. John Love, 

Febr. 27, 170}. 

Sir, — Yours of the 17^ of April p Capt. Mason, came 
to hand 8f 24. And the Goods are to content. These 
are to desire and order you to lay out what remains, in 
two pieces of Cambrick | wide in blew papers, about 15? 
apiece. Two pieces of fine ditto, of | J broad, in gray 
papers, about 30? a piece. The rest in Ghentish Holland, 
a round-thredded Holland, not Kentish : about 4? an Ell, 
or 3- 6?. 

I thank you for your readiness in my small concerns ; 
and pray that you will now buy that which is good, and 
at as good a lay as you can, for Sir, your Serv? S. S 

Send p the first good Conveyance. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL HIGGINSON. 

To Mr. Nathan\ Uiggiiison. 

March 10, 170^. 

Sir, — I have received yours of May 23, which was 
wellcom to me upon account of the good News it brought 
of the Attorney Gen^ Opinion in my favour ; and of your 
readiness to undertake my vindication as there should be 
occasion; for which I am very thankfuU, and acknowl- 
edge my self obligd. 

I now sympathize with my dear Native Country, in the 
disapointments of the last Sumer, and especially respect- 
ing the loss of Sir CI. Shovel^ and others, in their Return 
home; and by Abner and Joab's bloudy play. When 
other ways are bard; Instruments faild, or cast away: 

^ Rear Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovel commanded the fleet at the siege of 
Toulon. On his return he was lost off the Scilly Islands, Oct. 22, 1707. 
There is a monument to him in Westminster Abbey. Stanhope's Reign of 
Queen Anne (1st ed.), 311, 312. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 361 

In stead of being discouraged^ it is good to Resolve ai 
Coelum cert^ patety ibimus iUtu;. 

As for the Excellent Things suggested by you July 15, 
1707, I thank you for them. Probably, Col. Higginson 
has fully informd you how unable we are to walk in that 
way so highly Reasonable, so well mark'd out. 

Upon Saturday, Novf 1, about Noon, (a time very hur- 
rying with us,) The GovT laid before the Council the Ad- 
dress to her Maj. for his Removal; that they might vote 
an Abhorrence.^ I prayd that it might be Considerd of 
till Monday ; which was denyd, and the Secretary bidden 
to draw up a Vote. Some objected to [we are well as- 
sured] and that was laid aside. I objected to [firmly be- 
lieve] alleging it could be only an opinion in us. And 
just as twas to be voted, a Gent, seconded me ; and so 
both were put in. Those luxuriant words, "The Govf 
" delayd their prosecution till the Amunition, with which 
" he had furnished the Enemy, was used by them ; to the 
" destruction of your Majs good Subjects ; and that Colony 
" thereby put to Thirty three Thousand pounds charge," 
was that that carried the Council ; the Vote being limited 
to that Article of the Trade. 

After this, I saw the printed Affidavits, which renewed 
my uneasiness. When the Representatives had been long 
hamering our Vote, at last they passd it in the Negative ; 
at which the Gov! was much concernd ; and a Conference 
between the Council and Deputies was movd for, and 
agreed to Nov! 20, At which Conference the Govf was 
pleasd to say. He heard it whisperd, as if the Members of 
the Council were not all of a mind ; or had alterd their 
minds, some of them : 

But, said he. They all of them steadily adhere to their 
Vote of Nov' 1, and every word of it. This stung me ; 
and put me upon endeavouring to extricat my self, a Copy 

1 See Sewall's Diary, 11. 196; and Palfrey's Hist. N. E., IV. 303 —Eds. 



362 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

whereof I sent by way of Lisbon. I writ it Novf 25, and 
carried it with me to Council in the morning ; and before 
the Council rose at night, I cravd leave of the Govf to 
Speak, and withdrew my Vote, praying that Mr. Secretary 
might be directed to enter it in the Minuts of the Council j 
and then deliverd my Reasons under my hand, which were 
immediatly read in Council, and filed; a printed Copy 
whereof is inclosed. A great adoe was made about an 
Affidavit Mr. Borland had given, that would confute 
them. But finally, it was in Mr. Davenport's office, and 
could not be produced for want of the Key. All this 
while Mr. Borland himself was never sent for ; and noth- 
ing said of it next day. And I could never get a sight 
of it. By all that I can learn, the Affidavit only asserts 
that the Gov' was not concernd as a partner in a propor- 
tionable charge of the Outset and Cargo : Which was not 
the thing in Question. Friday, NovT 28, the Govf movd 
that the Votes might be printed. When Mr. Secretary 
ask'd me, I said I could not be for it, because I have with- 
drawn my Vote, and I doe withdraw it ; at which the 
Govf expressed great Wrath. I then said to some, If they 
printed their Vote, I would print my Withdrawing, Which 
I afterwards did, though I have distributed few ; being 
advised by some friends not to ad Oyl to our flames. This 
Vote for printing Clinchd the Voters, and held them from 
withdrawing. If they had had a mind to it. And I heard 
one of them say, that being ignorant at first, he did not 
now desire to know. 

I think I am one of the backwardest in believing what 
is generally, and confidently Reported ; that the Govf is, 
or will be speedily Removed. I should much rejoice to 
see you succeed him. If you condescend in such a way 
to Succour yoiu: Country labouring under distressing Per- 
plexities ; and Her Majesty of Her Soveraign Grace im- 
power you ; I am apt to Conjecture it may be the most 
Comprehensive Good you may ever have an Opportunity 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL* 363 

to doe while you Live. Craving pardon of this my very 
great Freedom with you, I rest Sir, 

your very humble Serv! S. S. 

In Mr. Higginson's Packet p Mr. Samuel Banister are. 

This Letter, Funeral Sermon on Mr. Willard, News-Letter 

o£ Decf 1, My printed Reasons Last Comencement Thesis. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. John Ive p Mr. Banister March 12, 1707/8, with 
thanks for his Letters and prints; a gratefull Remem- 
brance of my sitting in his seat in the Minorite, to hear 
worthy Mr. Mather, and Mr. Weld. Inclosed two funeral 
Sermons j viz. Mr. Willard, and Govf Winthrop. 

To Mr. John Storke, March 12, 1707/8. I impute my 
receiving no Letter from you, not to your Omission ; but 
to the Enemies Commission; Nevertheless, thank [you] 
for your effectual care in transmitting the fourty pounds 
to Mr. Love. Mr. Willard, Torrey, Bay ley are dead. 
Duty to Aunt &c. 

To Mr. Edward Hull March 12, 1707/8, p Mr. Sam! 
Banister inclosing Govf Winthrop's Pun? Sermon and giv- 
ing Mr. Banister a piece of | 17. Pw? for him. 

Sir, — Although your present Circumstances are very 
different from what they were when [you] resignd to me 
your well-furnished Chamber within Algate for my Ac- 
comodation ;^ yet your visiting me now and then by Let- 
ters is valuable to me &c. Your Kindness to me in the 
House and upon the Rode I thankfully remember and 
&c. Give my Love and Service to Cousin Allen and 
Brattle, and theirs. 

^ During his visit to England in 1688. See anre, 92, and Sewall's Diary, 
L 236 e seq, — Eds. 



364 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

March 15, 1707/8. To my Aunt Alice Dumer.' Gave a 
large account of my Fathers, and my family till now. His 
8 children and 12. Grand-children have children. I that 
am a Traveller, ought the more to sympathize with you 
in the brtiise you have had, and dislocation of your arm ; 
I hope by the next, to hear of its being restord to, and 
fixed in its proper place. Pray present my Duty to my 
Unkle and Aunt Dumer. Love to all my cousins, espe- 
cially your Son Mr. Nathanael Dumer; and tell me how 
I may provoke him to write to me ; or to my Brother ; 
or to my Son at Brooklin, who is a Husbandman as he is. 
His being here, and at Salem some considerable time, 
makes us affectionatly to Remember him, and desire his 
wellfare. Let him remember me to Cousin Bear at Win- 
chester. I earnestly desire, that the many Blessings 
treasured up in the prayers of my honoured and dear 
Unkle, may be seasonably and plentifully deal'd out to 
you, and yours. Desiring your Prayers for me, and mine 
I take leave, who am. Honored Aunt, your dutif ull Nephew. 

To Cousin Sarah Storke. March 15, 1707/8. . Gave a 
full account of William White, Joseph's Coinencement, 
Mr. Willard's death; Mr. Ebenf Pemberton'? Survival; 
Mr. Edward Taylor s Doves. Mr. Rawlings of South- 
Hampton tells me that Dr. Edw. Reynolds was bom there, 
a Gardener's Son.^ 'Tis a gay thing to have so great and 
good a man ones Country-man ; therefore pray certify 
me about it. Send me word how cousin Thomas Duiner 
thrives in selling Tobacco. My Service to Madam Duiner 
of Swathling. I have written to your Father. 

1 Aunt Dumer. 

^ Dr. Edward Reynolds, Bishop of Norwich, 1661-1676, one of the leaders 
of the Calvinistic party in the Church, but who conformed when so many of 
his associates refused to. He was charged by some with deserting his party 
and his principles, but maintained a high character, and his works have often 
been reprinted. As to his descendants in this country, see Sewall's Diary, 
II. 266, n. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 365 

My Love to all my Cousins, whether nearer to you, or 
in Sussex, as you have fit oportunity. With my Love to 
you and your Husband, I take Leave, who am your Lov- 
ing Cousin. 

Gave Mr. S. Banister these two Letters to put into Capt. 
Robert Eason's Bag. 

To Mrs. Esther Hawkins in London, March 16, 1707/8, 
to be left with Mrs. Mary Staples at the lower end of old 
Gravel Lane. Writt an Answer to her Letter to her 
Husband ; to my wife ; and an Answer to Hannah Hawk- 
ins from Ottery S^ Mary, all dated in May, July, Augt. 
1703-1704. Writt particularly of her Husband's death ; 
Mr. Willard's death ; Mrs. Noyes's being taken speech- 
less ; Am afraid must part with my old Friend. When 
We lose our friends, lose estate, it should make us in good 
earnest to seek Christ the pearl of great price. They that 
find Christ cant be losers by him, shall never lose him. 
&c. &c. 

J) Mr. Banister to go in his Bagg. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. EZEKIEL CHEEVEK. 

To the Heverd. Mr. Ezekiel Chiever^ and Mr. NaXhart. WiUiamSy 

Schoolmasters in Boston, 

April 1, 1708. Feria quinta. 

Gent^ , — If stated aiiiversary days for solemn Religious 
exercises, are unwarrantable: Without controversy, ani- 
versary days for sinfull vanities, are Damnable. If men 
are accountable for every idle word ; what a Reckoning 
will they have, that keep up stated Times, to promote 
Lying and Folly ! What an abuse is it of precious Time ; 
what a Profanation ! What an Affront to the Divine Be- 
stower of it ! I have heard a child of Six years old say 
within these 2 or 3 days ; That one must tell a man his 
Shoes were unbuckled (when they were indeed buckled) 



366 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

and then he would stoop down to buckle them ; and then 
he was an April Fool. 

Pray Gentlemen, if you think it convenient, as I hope 
you will, Insinuat into your Scholars, the defiling and pro- 
voking nature of such a Foolish practice ; and take them 
off from it.* 

I am Gent" your ServJ S. S. 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To John Hathome Esqr. Apr. 6, 1708,' Desiring his 
and Mr. Corwin's advice as to Philip Read the Springfield 
Blasphemer. I inclosd Mr. Pynchon the dark's Letter, 
and the Affidavit. Writ a large Answer to Col Hathorne's 
of March 18*? Telling him, if there were need, I would 
have him assure Mr. Corwin,® that so far as I was con- 
cemd, I should be glad of his Society in the Superiour 
Court : and I would not have him put the Govemour and 
Council upon the Inconvenience of another Apointment 
of a Judge. 

I am Sir, yoiur obliged friend and humble Serv? S. S. 



MRS. JANE SEWALL TO SAMUEL SEWALL 

Copy of a Letter Received from my honoured and dear Mother^ Mrs. 

Jane SewaU. 

Dear Son, — Pray send me word whether you deliv- 
ered any Letters to Cousin Jeremiah, to carry to England. 

1 This phrase, ** take them off," was in use fifty years later. It oocars in 
Andrew Oliver's letter, Feb. 13, 1769 (one of the famous ** Hutchinson Let- 
ters " series), and was turned to his disadvantage, first by Franklin (Works, 
rV. 505), and later by Bancroft, in his chapter entitled *' A Way to Take 
off the Incendiaries" (Hist. U. S., Vol. VI. ch. xxxix.); but its harmless 
character may be seen in Hutchinson's Hist. m. 346, 347; and in Hosmer's 
Life of Samuel Adams, 242. — Eds. 

« See Feb. 18, 1701. 

* John Hathome and Jonathan Corwin were SewaU's associates on the 
Superior Court Bench. •— Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 367 

I can say but little to you ; But earnestly desire you to 
be diligent in Prayer imto GOD, that He would be pleased 
to grant us his blessed Spirit. The Lord JESUS hath told 
us, that He is more ready to give the blessed Spirit, than 
a father is to give good Gifts to his Children. This should 
encourage us to be constant in his Service. Thus leaving 
you to the Lord, who alone is able to teach you. 

For her dear Son S. S. 



MEMORANDUBL 

I have kept my promise to you and others, and have 
never so much as once reflected on the country, or their 
proceedings ; which every body wondred at ; and am so 
far from it, that I should be ready to do them all the 
Service Lyes in my power here; and am sure, without 
vanity, can doe them much more than Sir Charles. Am 
sorry for the ridiculous account we have here of their P. 
Koyal Expedition, and am afraid the 2^ will prove as in- 
effectual for want of Officers and Order. But had they 
bestowed the same expence which they have upon these 
Expeditions, in Transporting and paying 12 Himdred good 
Men from N. Britain, which the Crown would have as- 
sisted them upon Aplication ; They would not only have 
Taken the place for them, but peopled it likewise. Of 
which, when I talked with my Ld. Sunderland,* He said 
they were a people that hated to do any thing Regularly. 
And I am sure, the Expence they were at, with the Assist- 
ance of [sic] the Crown would have given them, would have 
effectuat the matter. And I believe, after all, that will 
be their only way. I have caused hint it to the Govem- 
ours ; and if they will address the Queen on that head, 
I will undertake to get it comply'd with ; which will be 
the way to secure their Country ; free them from the fear 
of Regular Troops. For as soon as the place is Reduced 

^Charles Spencer, third Earl of Sunderland, Secretary of State. — £d8. 



368 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

by vertue of a Grant from the Crown will have the Lands 
proportionably distributed amongst them, and turn plant- 
ers, save a company or two to Garison the Fort ; which 
will save them all the Expence of Souldiers and Forts. 
For it were the Interest of the Country just now, nay of 
you Merchants, rather to give so much a man, for a good 
Company to be Transported to Garison the Castle at once, 
than to pay every year 6 or 8 pounds for a Man, to serve 
there for some Moneths; Who being so often changed, 
can never become Souldiers. Whereas a settled Company 
would not only be good Souldiers themselves, but a Rein- 
forcement to the Country, and be capable in a few years 
of Disciplining the Country. I do not mean they should 
be under the Queens Pay, but the Country's ; who, upon 
Aplication, would get liberty to levy them for that end. 
And which if they do not, they will get a company of two 
of the Queen's Troops to Garison the Castle and other 
Forts; where, the Queen is informd, there is hardly Offi- 
cer, or Souldier. If they incline to such a thing, which is 
much their Interest, if they would do no more, upon their 
addressing the Queen for a Liberty for Levying, I will en- 
gage to get them a Company at the same rate the Queen 
gives for Recruits to Spain; which is £5 Levy-money, 
and She Transport them; or £10, if the Officer Transport 
them. And doubt not to procure both Arms and Amu- 
nition for the said Men. But the former would be the 
effectual way of Securing their Country, Reducing Port 
Royal, «and Settleing the Eastward : Besides their Advan- 
tage of Fishing along the Coast. 

N. This was deliverd me by Mr. Borland April 26, 
1708, as Capt Vetches Scheme.^ S. S. 

1 Of Captain Vetch something may be learned from Sewall's Diary, n. 
142, n. ei passim; also in Palfrey's Hist. N. E., IV. 323. He was Colonel in 
the expedition against Canada, and afterwards Governor of Nova Scotia. 
His scheme for the settlement of Nova Scotia, as a war measure, has consid- 
erable interest, and possibly may have led to the founding of Halifax, forty 
years later. See Bancroft's Hist. IV. 45. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 369 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO BENJAMIN WOODBRmGE. 

To Mr, JBer0^ Woodbridgey p JLievi, Stephen Willia. 

June 5, 1708. 

Sir, — In your Account of Disbursments given to the 
Town of Meadford at their Meeting Decf 19, 1705, your 
first Article is, 

The Expences upon Land, House, Fencing, &c, as ap- 
pears from my Booke, £249. 8. 1. Now the Committee 
desire to see the Particulars by which that Sum rises ; and 
to that end, that you would meet them or sopie of them, 
upon Change presently after the Artillery Sermon next 
Monday, where we may agree of a place of Recess for this 

purpose. 

Sir, your Serv? S. S. 



MEMORANDA. 



July 16, 1708. I transcribe the following passage out 
of Dr. Fuller's Engl. Worthies in London, p. 202. 

Of this Katharine Howard little is reported, and yet too 
much, if all be true, of her incontinency, which cost her 
her Life. The greatest good the Land got by this Match, 
was a general leave to marry Cousin Germans, formerly 
prohibited by the Croivn^ and hereafter permitted by the 
Oofnon Law. A door of lawf ull liberty, left open by God 
in Scripture ; shut by the Pope for his privat profit ; opend 
again by the King, first, for his own admittance (this 
Katharine being Cousin German to Anna BoUen his for- 
mer wife) and then for the service of such Subjects as 
would follow him upon the like occasion. This lady was 
beheaded ano Dom. 1540.^ [verto] 



N. Anna BoUen's Mother was Sister to the Lord Ed- 
mund Howard, father to the mentioned Queen Katharine. 

1 See Feb. 23, 170}. 

TOL. I. — 24. 



370 LETTEB-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

They that will be from this example, fond of marrjing 
Cousin-Germans, Let ^em ! 

The Act for Marriage of Cousin Germans took place 
July 1, 1540. Stat. 1540. And the eighth of August fol- 
lowing Katharine Howard was showed openly as Queen 
at Hampton Court. Baker's Chron. 

32. H. 8. 38. A Statute was made, That it was laufuU 
for aU persons to contract Marriage^ which are not prohibited hy 
GoiTs Law. For although Gregory the great (who had not 
less Learning, but more Modesty than his Successors) did 
not flatly forbid the Marriage of Cousin Germans 9.S unlaw- 
fullj but prudently disswade it as unfitting : yet after- Popes 
prohibited that, and other Degrees further oflf, thereby to 
get Money for Dispensations. 

And this Law came very conveniently to comply with 
K. Hennfs Occasions, who had the first-fruits thereof, 
and presently after married Katharine Howard, Cousin 
German to Anna Bollen, his second wife. 

Fuller, Ch. Hist. Cent. 16. p. 236. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO HENRY FLINT.* 

To Mr. Henry Flint. 

Aug* 23, 1708. 

Sir, — I thank you for your good Sermon yesterday. 
The subject is excellent, and always seasonable ; and now 
peculiarly so. Continue to pray, that I may have the 
Integrity and Uprightness exhorted to ; and that I may 
grow therein. 

Upon this occasion, you will allow me the freedom of 
Speaking what I have lately been often thinking. 

1 Doubtless the celebrated Henry Flynt, H. C. 1693, Tutor at ELairard 
from 1699 to 1754, and Fellow from 1700 till his death in 1760. He was not 
ordained. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 371 

According to the Simplicity of the Gospel, The saying 
Saint Luke, and Saint James &c., has been disused in New- 
England. And to take it up again, is distastefull to me ; 
because it is a Change for the Worse. I have heard it from 
several ; but to hear it from the Senior Fellow of Harvard 
College, is more surprising ; lest by his Example he should 
seem to countenance and- Authorize Inconvenient Innova- 
tions. Thus I Reckon ; but if reckoning without my Host, 
I reckon wrong ; your Adjusting the Account, will gratify 

Sir, your humble Servant 

Samuel Sewall. 

samuel sewall to thomas needham. 

To Mr. Thomas Needham^ Cutler at tJie Sun and Bible on London 

Bridge. 

Aug* 26, 1708. 

Sir, — I received a Letter from you p Mr. Peniman, 
which had been mislaid ; and coming now to hand, I send 
you the Copy of my good Friend's Will, according to 
your desire. It cost me five shillings in our Money, 
which deliver, for me, to Mr. James Pitts a Merchant 
near the Bridge. John Needham is alive and has a wife 
and Children. He dwells at Billerica, where he servd 
his Time with Mr. Tompson one of the Executors. That 
the small matter I transacted on your behalf, was accept- 
able to you, is obliging to your friend and Serv? S. S. 

Sent p the Ship John and Peter, Capt. Stephens. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JEREMIAH DUMMER. 

To Mr. Jeremiah Bummer now bound for Oreat Britain. 

Augt. 28, 1708. 

Sir, — When you f avourd me with a Visit yesterday, 
The Main Thing slipt me ! If you have an Opportunity, 
Be sure, doe your Uttermost to persuade my Lord Limer- 
ick to make a Release of the Gay Head Neck on Martha's 



372 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Vinyard, to the Indian Inhabitants there ; who are brought 
under a good Orderly Christian Regulation j and will be 
rumed, if tumd off. 

Praying that GOD may Give you to Chuse the Things 
that please Him ; and so Give you your Hearts Desire ; 
I take leave, who am, Sir, 

your obliged friend and Cousin S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Govf Saltonstall, T. 20, 1708, pTho. Short enclosing 
Dr. Mather's Answer to Mr. Stoddard. 

To Mr. John WUliams at Deerfield T' 20, 1708, inclos- 
ing Dr. Mather's Answer to Mr. Stoddard, this days News- 
Letter. Mr. Willard said that Observation of the 21 
Comandm^ was God's Test for New-Engld. Cant. 6. 9. &c. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO COTTON MATHER. 

To Mr. Cotton Mather. 

V. 27, 1708. 

Sir, — I have heard a grave Divine make some scruple 
of teaching little children the Scriptures; which makes 
me rejoice the more in your Sermon, that so fully asserts 
their privilege ; you have given me a very large commis- 
sion ; Not using it, might vacate it. 

I cannot well brook your charging Ovid with Stumbling, 
and blundering. Metempsychosis is a principal kind of 
Metamorphosis ; And, Anima rationalis est fomia homirdsj in 
the notion of it, may be older than Ovid for ought I 
know. And then, Ovid's Beginning will be very formal, 
and unexceptionable, 

Morte careiit animce^ semperq[u\e 2>riore relicta 
jSede, noma domibus vivunt, habita7itq[u\e receptee. 

Metamorph. lib. 15.^ 

^ Lines 158 and 159. The second line should perhaps read: Sede, novu 
habitant domibus vivutUque recepta. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 373 

ParvBy nee invideo is a most Noble and excellent Exordium, 
becoming the Ingenious Author ; and that way of marring 
it, that you speak of [^Sed for Nec\ would be a Blunder 
indeed ; proper for an Envious Carper.^ The Poet Lov'd 
his Book (the best, said Mr. Chauncy, that ever he made) 
and could not envy it's going to Rome : for then he would 
not have sent it thither. And yet it was lawf uU for him 
to lament, that he himself might not be the bearer. For 
ought I know, the third blow will be correction enough 
for one time ; and there too, if you could find out a softer 
word than Unpardonable; twould be some ease to me. I 
don't know whether you purposely avoid it, or no; or 
else might it not be worth while to say that Mr. Cheever 
arriv'd at Boston, and sojoumd here near a year ? But 
at Boston he begun and ended his American Race. And 
then, this Holy, UsefuU Life was a Married Life; He 
married, and then fell to keeping school. 

If Glaucha will be contented with so little room as you 
mention ; pray let it come in ! &c. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN SAFFIN. 

To John Saffin Esar. Bristol, 

V. 27, 1708. 

Sir, — I am going to build a Malt-House upon the 
Land you sold by the Mill-Crick; and Col. Hutchinson, 
and the Owners of the Mill do challenge much part of 
what you have sold. So that it will be necessary for you 
to come hither, and aid me in defending my Title. I 
purpose to confer with them, when I have your Assist- 
ance, and try if we can come to some Composition. Pray 
Sir, fail not to come as soon as ever your occasions will 
permit. And if you canot come this week, or next ; Let 
me have a Letter signifying when you will afford your 

1 See ante^ page 17, and Diary, in. 821, for characteristics of Sewall's 
scholarship. — Eds. 



374 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Company. It is a matter of weighty Concern to you, and 
me. &c. S. S. 

MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

7^ 25. To Mr. Moses Hale, inclosing Dr. Mather's Dis- 
sertation in Answer to Mr. Stoddard. 

To Mr. Samuel Moodey of York, to express my Sympa- 
thy as to the late casual Homicide. Transcribed the 
passages of George Abbot ^ Archb. out of Fuller's Ch His- 
tory; knew not what better to write. Enclosed Mr. 
Stoddard's Northampton Sermon, and Dr. Mather's An- 
swer, bound up together. I caiiot leave Dr. Tho. Good- 
win, to follow Mr. Whiston in exposition of Dan! 12. 7. 
'Tis past doubt with me that the Witnesses are not Slain ; 
the Lord prepare us for that dark and gloomy Day, which 
the VWma eludes will introduce. I will proceed no fur- 
ther : I will take Leave here : S. S. 

To Mr. Samuel Mather of Windsor, Octobf 5, 1708. 
To Certify him that I heard of his afflictions by the 
Abatem? of his natural Vigor, and otherwise ; Sympathised 
with him. Prayd him to endeavour to take me with him 
to Heaven ; or take Security for my going thither in the 
fittest Season before, or after. Writt him the Signal and 
compleat Victory of the Confederats over the French 
comanded by the D. of Burgundy^ &c. Sent p Mr. 
Deming. 

To Mr. Edward Taylor at Westfield, 9T 9% 1708, p Mr. 
Kellog. Inclosd Mr. C. Mather's Sermon on Mr. Cheever,. 

^ George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury in 1621, in shooting at a buck 
with a crossbow in Bramshill Park, in Hampshire, missed his aim and mor- 
tally wounded a keeper. — Eds. 

^ The Duke of Marlborough totally defeated the French nnder the Duke 
of Burgundy (grandson of Louis XIV. and father of Louis XV.) at Oudenarde, 
July 11, 1708. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 375 

Sir Princes Verses on Jonathan Marsh. Vindication of 
Ovid's Beginning of his Metamorphosis, and De Tristibus, 
which writt to Mr. Mather 75 27. With the additional 
Comparison of Mr. Williams's sending Letters from Que- 
beck to Boston. Sent him Mr. Willard on the 32 Psalm as 
a Token of my Love, desiring his Prayers, that I also 
may be put into the possession of the Blessedness therein 
described. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO WILLIAM mRST. 

To WiUiam JBtrst Esqr. one of the /Select-men of Salem. 

9^. 10, 1708. 

Sir, — I am sensible it is a very tender case you have 
propounded to me. Yet if I say any thing, I must say that 
I have perused the Town- Votes and Instructions shewed 
me, and am of Opinion that the Select-men cannot con- 
veniently and safely proceed to make a Re^, untill the 
Town by a New Vote enable them thereupto. How- 
ever, Mr. Higginson is so old and good a S^;vant ; and 
has deserv'd so well of Salem, and of the ProvJaf e ; that 
you will cheerfully allow him a honorable Maintenance. 
Certainly, you will be Criminal if you doe not. 

Samuel SEWi.'{^ 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO SAMUEL DANFORTH. 

To Mr. /Samuel Danforth at Taunton. 

NoVf 13«», 1708. Seventh-day, at Noon. 

Sir, — This morning I paid Mr. Bromfield fifteen pounds; 
which compleats your Salary to the 28*? of October last. 
It had been better, if I had had a Line from you ordering 
me so to do. I intend to leave this and your Nomencla- 
tor, with Mr. Bromfield, to be sent by the next good Con- 
veyance. The reason of my keeping it so long, was a 
desire I had of printing it : But Paper is grown so exces- 
sive dear, that those Uioughts are at present laid aside. 



376 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

I left it out for Mr. Hunt ; but I think he call'd not after 
for it. I have inclosed Mr. C. Mather's Justa on his Mas- 
ter ; which please to accept. 

Mr. Josiah Torrey^ expressing great concern about cur- 
ing the Indians of Drunkenness, their epidemical Disease j 
I commended to him Fasting with Prayer ; which I lately 
intimated to Mr. Rawson. If you two, and Mr. Billings ; 
or more, or Single did set apart a Day to be spent in 
Prayer with Fasting for this Very purpose; I am not 
without hope, but that our Blessed Lord JESUS would 
be entreated to get Himself a Name by casting out that 
Strong intemperat Devil. 

My Wife has had a sore fit of Sickness, as in April last ; 

but through God's Goodness, is recovering, though slowly. 

With my Service to Madam Danforth, I take leave, who 

am, Sir, 

your friend and Serv* S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Novf 17, 1708. Writt to Cousin Hanah Moodey of 
Yorke, and sent her inclosed a 20f Bill as a Token of my 
L'^ve. Mentioned my wives Sickness, and Recovery 
fcfegun. Hope my Letter with Dr. Mather's Answer to 
Mr. Stoddard was received. With kind Bemembrance 
take Leave. 

Sent by Mr. NowelL 

Boston of the Massachusetts ; Fifth-day, Nov! 25, 1708. 

Sir, — I would fain have sent you some venison this 
week, but met not with any : In stead of it, Accept of 
this small Bill ; 10? and metamorphose it as you please. 
May we be unchangably Friends in, and for CHRIST ! 

Sir, your humble Serv? S. S.' 

1 Rev. Josiah Torrey, H. C. 1698, died in 1723. —Eds. 
* Sent S cous. Jooi Sewall between Meetings. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 377 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO GOVERNOK SALTONSTALL. 

To Oovr. ScUtonataU. 

Dec^ 25, 1708. 

HoNB" Sir, — Inclosed is Copy of Sir Henry Ashhurst's 
Bill of Exchange drawn on your Government for One 
Hundred and Sixty pounds payable to my Order. Poor 
Goforth, to our very great Displeasure, is forc'd to har- 
bour at Placentia. Some of my Letters miscarried with 
him. I have but onely one Letter from Sir Henry, with 
the Bill of Exchange : and therefore I send a Copy for Ac- 
ceptance, as I have formerly done. With my Service to 
your HonT and the Gentlemen of your Government, I take 
Leave who am, Hon^^ Sir, your most humble Serv^ 

S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS COCKERILL 

To Mr, Thomda CockeriU, NevM/ork. 

Jan! 10, 170f . 

Sir, — I am favourd with yours of DecT 27, and value 
my self upon the double honor I have done me in being 
invited to your acquaintance and Correspondence, by so 
worthy a person as Sir William Ashhurst ; and your im- 
provement of it : If you had hapened to have touchd here, 
I should have taken great delight in obeying Sir William's 
Comands. I am frequently calld out of Town, which will 
hinder that Constancy of Converse, which otherwise might 
be. I have forwarded yours to Mr. Willoughby ; you may 
probably expect an Answer by the next Post. I was afraid 
all the Ships would have been blown oflf, and was the more 
concem'd because Sir William had sent to a considerable 
value in Mason ; which, I thank God, is come safe ashoar. I 
congratulate my Lord Lovelace ^ and his Lady, and Family, 
their well escaping the early Severity of the Winter ; and 

^ John, fourth Ix>rd Lovelaoe, juBt appointed Govemor of New York. He 
died in office in 1709. —£i>8. 



X 



378 LETTEE-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

of the dangerous Bay you mention. By Sir William 
Ashhurst's character of him, I do confidently hope that 
New-york and the Jersyes will be Hapy in their new Gov- 
emour. One would think the Ships now going, would be 
gon before the coming of the next Post ; viz, Capt. Alden 
and Capt. Rouse. Last Thorsday the Act of Parliament 
regulating the Plantation Money, was published here by 
Beat of Drum, and Sound of Trumpet.^ I am in pain for 
the loss of my good friend Mr. Bridgham. He was a pub- 
lick Spirited Man, very pious, and charitable to the poor ; 
and will be much miss'd. We have a Treacherous mortal 
Fever, with which he was seis'd on Friday, and died the 
Wednesday following. One of our physicians, who was 
wont to raise up others, is himself fallen by it There is 
one thing Comical, i. e. The present Pope^ is busy in fur- 
bishing the Armour of Clement the 7*?. I hope it is a 
good Omen, that as Charles the 5^ chastisd the Insolence 
and Double-dealing of that Pontiff ; so the Jwesent poten- 
tates [the potentates of this Age] will make a full end of 
the Popedom, and quite root out the whole kind. 
Please to accept of the last News-Letters, from 

Sir, your friend and hmnble Serv? S. 5. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS COCKERILL. 

To Mr. I7u>mas CockeriU at New^ork. 

JanT 24, 170J. 

Sir, — Mr. Willoughby's came to my hand this day, 
which I have inclosed. The Fever I mentiond in my last 
is extinct. We are with some Impatience waiting to hear 
the Issue of the Siege of Lisle.* Your terming it the petit 
Paris of France, shews of what vast consequence it is to 

1 See SewalPs Diary, II. 248. —Eds. 
« Clement XT., elected 1700 and died 1721. —Eds. 
* Lisle surrendered to the Duke of Marlborough in December, 1708, after 
a desperate siege of many months. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALLt 879 

the Confederats, whether it be taken, or left Standing. 
Am glad to see that the Globe is arrived. Rouse is at 
Marblehead stoping his Leaks ; Alden is not yet gon. If 
I can be serviceable in putting any Letters aboard them ; 
or by reserving them, if these Ships are gon, for other 
orders, I shall be very ready. Asking your acceptance 
of this day's News-Letter, I take leave, who am Sir, your 
very humble Servf S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. JOSEPH GERRISH.1 

To Mr. Joseph Chrrish at Wenham. 

Feb. 1, 170|. 

Revd. Sir, — By way of Newbury, we have been put 
in Expectation of a Suter out of your family.^ We have 
been accosted with various and uncertain Reports j which 
have occasioned Exercise to us : 

MoUe meum leuibua.* 

I pray you to tell us the naked Truth ; whether ever 
you expressed any such Inclination ; and whether the way 
be now fairly open for an Address of that kind, upon as- 
surance of agreeable entertainment. Whatever the state 
of the case may be, I know you will use this freedom of 
mine, with Honor. My Service and my wive's to your 
self and Madam Gerrish from Sir, 

your friend and hiunble Serv? S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. John Williams of Deerfield, Febr. 2, 1708/9. 
Printing the Indian Bible.* Pray for it. Inclosed Mr. 
Wadsworth's Letter. 

^ Rev. Joseph Gerrish, H. C. 1669, minister of Wenham. He died in 
1720.^ See Sibley's Graduates of Harvard University, II. 299 ; and Sewall*8 
Diary, HI. 289, n. — Eds. 

^ See Sewall's Diary, L xxxviii. — Eds. 

* Ovid, Heroid. xv. 70: MoUemeum^levibusque cor est violabUe telU. — Ed6, 

« See Sewall'8 Diary, II. 428, n. ^ Eds. 



380 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL, 

To cousin Moodey of York, Febf 4, 1708/9, inclosing 
two of Mr. Wadsworth's Letters, and Epistles for Joseph 
Moodey. Nurse Smith dead. Printing Ind. Bible ; pray 
for it ; for good Matches for my children as they grow 
up; that they may be equally yoked. Bead your[s] of 
Janf 10^!" with Tears. Army from Canada; Rumors. 

To Brother Moodey, Febf 4, 1708/9.^ Tenant Elisa 
Smith dead, to be buried to-day. Let Mr. Hale write to 
me once a year at least. Alass that Mr. Payson should 
be taken oflE his work! Ind. Bible. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS COCKERILL. 

To Mr, TJiomOB CockeriU, 

Yehl 21, 170|. 

Sir, — Yours of JanT 25, and Febr. 8*? are before me. 
As to Capt. Tuthill, he was obligd to be at the Castle last 
Post-day, it being celebrated here on account of Her Maj* 
Birth. I saw him well last Thorsday. He tells me he 
has given you an Answer. Forasmuch as the Inhabitants 
of these Provinces are all One Mother's children ; One 
Noble way wherein his Excellency my Lord Lovelace may 
benefit the Massachusetts is by Licensing and Animating 
the Five Nations to take up the Hatchet against the French. 
The good Intelligence sent from Albany is a great Obli- 
gation to this Province. We could be glad if our good 
Neighbours of N. York would likewise express the Gen- 
erosity of Uriah by a voluntary participation of the Hard- 
ships of the War. By this means our enemies would have 
enough to do at home ; and have little heart to insult us. 

Lately reading the Life of Plato the Philosopher, I met 
with the distribution of Laws into written, and unwritten ; 
Under Unwritten are brought in the Laws of Nature,. and 
Muliehri Veste tdij is instancd in as against the Law of 

^ Sent by Cous. Cutting Noyes. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 381 

Nature. It has been reported that a certain Gentleman at 
N. York used to practice that abomination. I should be 
glad to know the certainty of it. I hear nothing of the 
Arrival of Capt. Patience : am sorry for your disappoint- 
ment ; and the danger of Sir Willip-m Ashhurst's Loss. I 
hope the next* Post may add to the good News of the Ar- 
rival of the Maidston and Marlborough. 

I am Sir, your most humble Serv? S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. Samuel Niles at Kingston, Narraganset, with 
153. Mr. Wadsworth's printed Letters to distribute as he 
shall see most convenient for attaining the end. 

Sent J) Capt. Niles March 14, 1708/9. 

To Mr. Edward Taylor April 21, 1709, Condoling the 
death of his Son Samuel. Mentiond the death of Jn? 
Sevey. God's Frown in vessels Taken especially Jenkins. 
Mr. Marsh like to be settled at Braintry. Mary like to 
be married. Pray that our Children may be married to 
Christ. 

NohilihuSy caitsas} — With Mr, Clap's Return. Taking of 
Lisle, Ghent, and Bruges^ is confirmd. Accept of a Fu- 
neral Sermon on Mr. Higginson. Give the other to Mr. 
Woodbridge. Send me word whether or no Mr. Taylor 
has left any Children. Service to Madam Taylor. Sent 
word of my Wive's confinement this winter. Pray for 
Joseph's Health, Serviceableness. S. S. 

Send me word whether or no Mr. Taylor has left any 
Children. We have a great quantity of Papers, above a 
Thousand Ream, sent to Reprint the Indian Bible. I 

1 See Sewall's Diary, II. 181. — Eds. 

^ Ghent fell shortly after Lisle, surrendering Dec. 30, 1708, and the 
French then abandoned Bruges. — Eds. 



382 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

think most of the Comissioners here are against it, Though 
I am confident They of the Commissioners that are for it, 
have the most, and most Cogent Arguments on their side. 
Pray that we may have Light and Peace from GOD in an 
Affair of that moment. 

See 9f 9% 1708. Sir, yours S. S. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. JOSEPH GERRISH. 

To Mr. Jo%eph Qerriah aC Wenham, 

May 2, 1709. 

Rever? Sir, — I am obligd by yours of the 21^ past, 
and by the Company of Mrs. Anne your daughter. 

As to the Artillery Company's choice of you to preach 
their Election Sermon ; I assure you, it was their own 
Act, without any Influence of mine: I must doe them 
that Honor. Indeed, I intended to have Trained the 
first Monday in April ; but was called off by Mr. Secre- 
tary to attend the Governour in Council; which pre- 
vented my going into the Field. So that your Choice 
was free and unanimous. The Comission Officers pre- 
sent their Service to you, expressing their Sorrow, that 
they fail of your Assistance. The reason why they do 
not immediatly fill your House with Armed Men, and 
insult you with Military Importunity, is because they 
apprehend your Resolution fix'd ; and they desire strictly 
to observe John Baptist's Instructions; (although they 
have no wages) To do incivility and violence to no man ; 
much less to your self, for whom they maintain a just 
Respect. 

Now I must crave your Indulgence, that I may be al- 
lowed a Little Partiality, and relate only one Melancholy 
piece of News; viz. the death of my great Friend Mr. 
Nathanael Higginson of London. He died of the Small 
Pocks last November, and was buried in Bow-Church in 
Cheap-Side. Pray take pity, and bemoan me a little ! 
To have so much Workmanship bestowed upon a Man, 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 383 

and that Man to be Arnicas Necessarius^ for his Situation 
and Circumstances ; and to be so suddenly, so early re- 
movd ; how affictive is it ? Well ! GOD made him, and 
might doe what He would with his own ! Let me have 
your Prayers, that I may be instructed to draw nearer 
to GOD, depend more on Him, and less on Creatures, 
and to make me ready for a removal hence. I was bom 
in March, 1652, and I presume Mr. Higginson was bom 
in October, 1662. If so, I came abroad 6 or 7 Moneths 
before him. 

My wife is still obliged to keep house ; we are else in 
pretty good health. Our daughter Mary presents her 
Duty to you and Mada Gerrish. With mine and my 
wives Service to you, and to Mr. and Mrs. Green, I take 
leave, who am Sir, your obliged friend and hmnble Serv? 

S. S. 

The Superiour Court is to morrow, let us have your 
Remembrance at the Throne of Grace ; that Aid may be 
sent us from Heaven I 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO GOVERNOR SALTONSTALL. 

To Gof^ SaUonsUOL 

Oct^ 17, 1709. 

Hon™ Sir, — Yours of JanT 5, 1708/9, 1 received on the 
10*? of the same, advising that your Honf had dispatch'd 
an order to the Treasurer to take effectual Care the Money 
should be paid by the time ; viz. 160- £ drawn by Sir H. 
Ashhurst in a Bill of Exchange dated London, Aug^ 20, 
1708. Since which I have heard nothing. I am now 
forc'd to put your Honf in mind of it ; because Sir Henry 
Ashhurst has drawn upon me to pay Two Hundred and 
Ninety four pounds to his Account here, at 3 m"? sight, 
expecting I should be enabled by the Bill drawn on Con- 
necticut above mentiond. I have now inclosed the Copy 
of another Bill of Exchange dated London May 18, 1709, 
drawn by Sir H. Ashhurst, on your Government, for One 



i 



384 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Hundred and forty Seven pounds. I am out of Cash, and 
this is a Season of great disbursment with me : and yet I 
would fain honor Sir H'f Bill with Acceptance; which 
Consideration will, I hope, move your Honf the Council, 
and Deputies to make punctual and Speedy payment to 
him who is your Hon" most humble Servt S. S. 

Inclosd ^ Duz. Orations ; Deliver one to Mr. Adams. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN LOVB. 

To Mr. John Love. 

8^ 24, 1709. 

Sir, — I hope by this time Mr. Stork may have a little 
Money for you. My wife desires that you would send 
her a piece of good Serviceable Silk for our Daughter, 
colourd with two kinds of Red ; or Red and White ; not 
exceeding Seven Shillings p yard ; with suitable Lining : 
Three yards of Silver Net, not exceeding 20' per yard : 
Three yards of small edging for the footing. Item, a 
piece of plain Blew Silk, not exceeding five Shillings p 
yard, or 6? 6?. Item, a piece of strong thick flowerd 
black Damask ; not exceeding 6' 6?. Item, six yards of 
good black Broad-Cloth, not exceeding Fourteen Shillings. 
Item, two mock Sable Muffs, not exceeding 20f apiece. 
Item, Two pair of Mens Silk Stockings, black ; Two pair 
of Womens ditto, blew. If the Mony fall short, leave out 
what is last mentiond. If it be over. Send Silk and But- 
tons for Triiriing of the Broad-Cloth coats, and a good 
Shaloon for Lining. Send p the first good Conveyance 

wherein you will oblige. Sir, your friend and Serv? 

> S. S.^ 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Cousin John Stork 8f 24, 1709. Desiring him to 
get in what Rent he possibly could and Send to Mr. Love. 

1 Sent a Copy p Bread 9'. 30, 1709. The Muffs must be bought. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 385 

Gave an account of my daughter Mary's Marriage. Dis- 
apointment of the Canada Expedition. Drought greatly 
diminishing the Grass, and Harvest of Indian Com : great 
want of Water for Men, and Cattel. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR HENRY ASHHURST. 

To Sir Henry Ashhurst. g, ^ ^^^^ 

Hon"^ Sir, — I am favoured with yours of the 18*? of 
May last, which came to hand 8f 3. j) Capt. Blackmore. 
I Accept your Bill of Exchange drawn on me for Two 
Hundred and Ninety four pounds 17?w?, bearing Date 
with your Letter. I have since received of Mr. James 
Taylor, Seventy-Nine pounds 5' which I have carried to 
your Credit. It is 17?'^-. Mr. Sergeant Accepts the Bill 
of Exchange you have drawn on him for one Hundred 
pounds. This is no more than IS?'^*, which Mr. Sergeant 
is ready to pay, I have not yet receivd any thing from 
Coiiecticut upon the former Bill of Exchange. I hope 
the next Post may advise concerning both. Have writ- 
ten earnestly to Govf Saltonstall about it. 

We are groaning under the vast expence and Disgrace 
of the Disappointed Expedition against Canada.^ Tis of 
GOD's Disposal: to whose Soveraign good pleasure we 
ought to make a full Submission, and an entire Resigna- 
tion of our selves, and all our Affairs. With a gratefuU 
Acknowledgment of all the good OflBces you are design- 
ing and doing for this distressed Province, I take leave, 
who am Sir, your most humble Servant S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS COCKERILL. 

To Mr. ThomoB CockerilL Sent under Covert of Tho. Palmer Esqr, 

Nov! 21, 1709. 

Sir, — My last to you was of the 11*? of July. The in- 
closd came to my hand NovT 19*?. Sir William Ashhurst 

^ See Sewall'8 Diary, n. 265, n. — Eds. 

TOL. I. — 26. 



386 LETTEE-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

is much afflicted with the dismal News of the death 
of my Lord Lovelace, which he received Aug* 16^ and 
imediatly writt your inclosed Letter, and sent it under 
cover to me ; disiring that I would cover it to some friend 
of mine at New- York that might deliver it to your own 
hand ; it being of Importance. This is the chief Business 
of my present Writing. I intreat that you will send me 
a line of the Receipt of it, p the next Post. 

We have News by way of Newfound-Land, that the 
Confederats have again forced the French Lines near 
Mons;^ and given them a total Rout. It seems the Fight 
was maintained very obstinatly, for many hours, upon 
the Eleventh of September New-Style, as I am told; for 
I have not seen the Prints. Congratulating my Lady 
Lovelace's safe arrival in England I take leave, who am 
Sir, you friend and humble Serv* S. S. 

Received the 3? and last of these Letters p Capt. Deiiius 
April 25, 1710 j and destroyd it. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO CHARLES SUCRE. 

To Mr. Charles Sucre Govemour of Carthagena now resident in 
Bostonj With the Comentary of Qaapar Sanctius on Job. 

Dec^ 17, 1709. 

Sir, — To assist the Exercise of your Patience under 
Disappointments, I present you with Commentaries on 
the Book of Job, written by a learned Divine of the 
Spanish Nation : which please to accept as a small Token 
of my Regard. I hope the reading of it may be an 
agreeable Recreation to your Honor and good Lady. If 
you should have a mind to look upon a Spanish Bible, I 
can lend you one of a good Translation. 

Praying GOD to make the Conclusion of your Affairs 

^ Mons was captured by the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eogenet 
Oct. 20, 1709.— £ds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 387 

comparable in true Felicity, to that of Job, I take leave^ 

who am Sir 

Tour Honor's friend 

and humble Serv? 

Samuel Sewall. 

At the beginning of the Book, on the in-side of the 
Cover I writt 

Stylo Juliano^ 

JBoatonicB Nbvanglorum 

Feria Septima^ Decembris 17, 1709. 

Candida Cresce dtes^ et crescens carrige frigus ; 

Frigore {quae fltierent) f\T\u7n%na cuncta rigent, 

Samuel Sevallus. 

Upon the same Subject, in English, 

Phoebus is on his March! Hold out good Boys : 

Ddnt yield I Though Boreas huff, and make a noise. 

S. S. 

At the End of the Book on the in-side of the Cover I writ 

Bostonias Ncvanglorum ; 2>ecrl7, 1709, 

AuriSy mensj octdus, manusy etpesy munere fungi 

Dum pergunty praestcU discere veUe mori} 

S. S. 

Sent p immanuel Basilio who was bom in Margarita 
Taken at La vera Crux, and wrongfully made a Slave and 
is now waiting on the Court's Judgment to declare him 
Free, x! 17, 1709. 

SAMUEL sewall TO JOHN STORK. 

To Mr. Jn? Stork. 

Jan^ 6, 170i^. 

Loving Cousin, — I have received yours relating to 
Wm. White. Upon it I went to Mr. Whitteridge ; and 
about a Moneth agoe he brought me Six pounds fifteen 
Shillings in Bills of Credit ; One Broad-Cloth coat lined ; 
one Muzlin Waste-coat ; two Muzlin Neck-cloaths ; which 
he saith is all h^ has. He alleges that he laid out twenty 

i See Sewall's Diary, III. 892. — Eds. 



388 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Shillings for Mr. White, after making up the Account 
which he makes no doubt but he will allow. I shall wait 
your Order for the disposal of what I have by me, re- 
ceived as above. Battel near Mons. Spanish Govf I 
entreat you to get in what Rent you can possibly, and 
send to Mr. Love that he may buy us a little cloaths. 
The war has made things with us very dear. Sir W? 
Petty. Duty to my Aunt. Unkle at Uper Horton: I 
am sorry to hear he has buried his wife. We are well. 

S. S. 
Intend to send this by my neighbour Nichols. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR WILLIAM ASHHUR8T. 

To Sir WiUiam Ashhurat 

Febr. 11, 170^. 

HoNB" Sir, — These are to assure your Honor, that I 

think my self, and this whole Province happy, in that you 

are made their Agent ;^ And earnestly to entreat you to 

undertake to plead the cause of this distressed English 

Colony. I verily believe, the Service will be Acceptable 

to GOD ; and I hope this His people will not be ingrate- 

fuU. I am transcribing my Accounts for the Honorable 

Company, and shall endeavour to send them by the first 

good Conveyance. 

I am Sir, S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JEREMIAH DUMMER. 

To Mr, Jer. Dufhery Ztondon. 

Febr. 13, 170^. 

Sir, — Although you find me a dull paymaster ; yet let 
us agree to Reckon right however. I am indebted to you 
for two Letters, and an excellent Poem ; I have gratified 
many Friends with the Sight of it. Mr. N. Hobart re- . 
tumd it to me with an encomium upon it in Latine verse, 

^ See Sewall's Diary, n. 273-275. —Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 389 

which I look on as a siiflBcient Warrant to set it upon my 
Shelf with Ovid. But certainly, there is some Key to it ; 
the Author cou'd never have drawn so Even a Thred 
without gout, or twitter, except there were some Cause, 
to me latent; I wou'd you cou'd search it out, and send 
it to me. Mr. Hobart thinks some ingenious Cambro- 
Britanus will be upon his Jacket ere long. 

I was still ready to stumble at the Title-page, till the 
13. July at which time, a Mouse had like to have burnt 
up my House, and what was in it, by conveying Fire into 
my Bed-Chamber-Closets. My Wife is very impatient of 
Smoke, and call'd to me 2 or 3 hours after Midnight, tell- 
ing me there was so much Smoke in the Chamber, she 
could not bear it, I took the Alarm ; and after looking 
into other Rooms above, and below Stairs, at last, by the 
Favour of GOD, I discoverd and quench'd the Closet-Fire. 
We conjecture, a Mouse took a piece of a Candle out of 
the Candlestick on the hearth, and roU'd it under the 
door into the Closet. The Consternation I was in upon 
seeing and feeling the Pillars of Smoke, obliges to the 
greater Thankf uUness for being freed from such imminent 
Danger. I know, the joy you will have of our Salvation 
will render this relation Wellcom.^ 

The Government have done them selves the Honour to 
Appoint the Hon**!® W"" Ashhurst their Agent : who I hope, 
will condescend to Accept of that Service. And I doubt 
not but^you will be ready to afford his Honor all possible 
Assistance. 

Col. Schuyler^ has often befriended this Province, by 
procuring, and sending to us seasonable Advice of Ap- 
proaching Danger: Yet he caiiot be supposed to be an 
Equal Arbiter, when the Massachusets Interest shall come 
in Competition with that of New-york. And what wind 

1 See Sewairs Diary, II. 257. — Eds. 

'^ Colonel Peter Schuyler, Mayor of Albany, distinguished for his great 
influence with the Indians, which was of much service to New England. — 
Eds. 



390 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

carries Major Pigeon to Whitehall at this juncture, we 
know not. The Govemour introduced him into the Coun- 
cil-Chamber, to take leave of the Council, before we had 
the least intimation of his being upon the Wing. I ordi- 
narily partake of the Benefit of the Intelligence Mr. Ed- 
mund Dumer sends hither from time to time, and have 
the Honor of standing with him in the same Dedication ; 
if you see Cause, present my Service to him ; but by any 
means to Mr. William Dumer, and Mr. Thomas Dumer^ if 
at London. I am Sir, 

your loving Cousin and Serv! S. S. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

March 1, 1709/10. Sent Mr. N. Noyes his Book ; viz. 
Peter Martyr's Common Places English, well Bound p Mr. 
Gerrish in Calvs Leather : Sent it to Mr. Hirst's Ware- 
house to be put on board Graften to night ; who Sails to 
morrow. 

4 

March 1, 1709/10. Send a Letter of Condolance to 
Cousin Hale upon the death of his Son Febr. 14*? who 
was born June, 1708, an Elegant goodly Child. Send 
also Musculus his Comentary on the Eomans p Boynton. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. INCREASE MATHER. 

To the Hever^ Dr. Increase Mather. 

March 16, 170^. 

Reverd Sir, — This being the day of Prayer, I humbly 
desire your Remembrance of this Town, in all its Inter- 
ests ; That GOD would Appoint Salvation for Walls and 
Bulwarks to it ; and enable us to doe that for our selves, 
which may prepare us for the most Strong and vigorous 
Actings of Faith in a way of Dipendance and Resignation. 

I humbly desire your Remembrance of my dear Wife, 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 391 

bom in this Town, last February was Two and Fifty years. 
She has brought forth fourteen Children, and is depres'd 
with chronical Infirmities and Diseases. Sin is the Sting 
of death, and of every thing tending thereunto : Pray that 
this Sting may be taken out ; that proper Bemedies may 
be directed to, and bless' d ; and that a full Submission, and 
Entire Resignation to the disposal of our Creator, may be 
graciously vouchsafed, for the sake of Jesus Christ. Please 
to comunicat this to your worthy Son Mr. Cotton Mather. 
I am Sir, your obliged friend and humble Serv? S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. INCREASE MATHER. 

To Dr. Increase Mather, 

April 25, 1710, Third-^y. 

Rever? Sir, — I am favourd with yours of yesterday. 
The purpose therein mentiond, I Entreat you to Review, 
and alter ; and that for these Reasons. The Town ex- 
pends many Thousand pounds yearly, by Tax and Con- 
tribution ; besides what they lay out upon the Account 
of Charity. And yet notwithstanding, a very good fair 
new Schoolhouse is built and a very good Dwellinghouse 
for the Master.^ Our late excellent Master, Mr. Ezekiel 
Chiever went to his heavenly Mansion, from a very pleas- 
ant Earthly Situation. At the last Anniversary Meeting 
the Town augmented the Master's Salary to One Hundred 
pounds p annum. What with that, and some small per- 
quisits, a humble Christian Man that loves Work more 
than Wages, needs not be discouraged ; considering like- 
wise the Allowance of an Usher with a Salary of Fourty 
pounds. These provisions thus made during the long 
lasting War, in way of a Tax, for one of their Schools, 
and by a full Vote, by a Town not eighty years old; 
must needs gratify you; and the rather, because there 
was some doubt whether it would have been so comfort- 
ably accomplished. 

■ 

1 See Boston Town Records, 269. March 13, 1703-4 (Eighth Rep. Record 
Com., 29); Selectmen's Records, 87. June 27, 1701 (Eleventh lb., 38).— Eds. 



392 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

As for the business of the Visitation, the Town also 
came into that, with this caution, that the Visitors should 
stand but one year. And I am confident, they designd 
not to offend, much less contemn any of their honoured 
Pastors. But many times you know. In vitium ducU culpae 
fuga} For which, in their behalf, I ask your Pardon. 
Four of this year's Visitors were bred and born in the 
Town, and bear a considerable part of its charge. Mr. 
Brattle is a good Scholar, and excels in Mathematical 
Learning, upon which Account Respect is due to him. 
As for any Exorbitances of his, the Town is far from 
liking them; and much farther from abetting him in 
them. And therefore I humbly entreat you to do what 
Service you shall chuse, for the School ; only condescend 
to do it upon the Tenth of May, the Time apointed by 
the Visitors: your work will thereby be much more 
BeautifuU, much more Honorable, much more profitable. 
Boston of the Massachusets invites you, calls you. Courts 
you. Rebekah has obtaind Everlasting Honor by an- 
swering, I will goe, when twas at short warning. 

Great Britain was not habitable to our Fathers because 
the civil Government fell upon them unmercifully. How 
glad would Mr. Cotton have been to have had a Justice 
invite him to Preach, and defend him in preaching ! In 
New-England, if the Civil Government can promote, and 
Guard their Pastors in their Evangelical Work, they are 
Overjoyd ! The Evangelical Pastors labour to perswade 
men to deny themselves, and to take up their Cross, and 
follow Jesus Christ. I humble pray, let the Word be, 
Come! let us — 

I was yesterday in doubt whether I should write, or no : 
but no other way being so fairly open, my sincere Honor, 
and Love of you and your Family prompted me to it ; 
which I pray you to take in good part. I congratulat 
the good Settlement of Mr. Samuel Mather in England ; 
and Mrs. Jerusha here in Town ; and the Arrival of the 

1 Hor. Ars Poet., v. 31. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 393 

Salt-Fleet j and now, at length, of Dennis from England. 

I am 

Sir, your real friend and most 

humble Servant S. S.^ 



REV. INCREASE MATHER TO SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Copy of Dr. Mather's Letter to me. 

To my honoured friend Samuel SewaU Esqr, 

Sir, — I understand that there is a discourse about Vis- 
itors for the School, and that your self intends to speak 
with me about that Affair, and to desire that I would be 
concemd. I therefore send this to prevent you from that 

^ The order of this and the following letter is that of the Letter-Book ; 
but it will be observed that Dr. Mather's letter is earlier in date, and should 
be read first. The proceedings of the town of Boston, March 13, 1710, which, 
in one particular, provoked the animadversion of Mather, may be found in 
the eighth report of the Record Commissioners, page 65. The report of the 
committee appointed in December preceding was probably drawn by Sewall, 
and is of unusual interest, as leading to the appointment of Inspectors of 
Schools. The following extracts are all that can be given here : *' We further 
propose and recommend, as of Great Service and Advantage for the promot- 
ing of Diligence and good literature. That the Town Agreeably to the Usage 
in England, and (as we understand) in Some time past practiced here. Do 
Nominate and Appoint a Certain Number of Grentlemen, of Liberal Educa- 
tion, Together with some of the Rev<* Ministers of the Town to be Inspectors 
of the S* Schoole [the Grammar School of which Ezekiel Cheever, lately de- 
ceased, had been Master, and whose successor was Nathanael Williams] under 
that name Title or denomination. To Visit the School from time to time, 
when and as Oft, as the^ shall thinck fit to Enform themselves of the meth- 
odes used in teaching of the SchoUars and to Inquire of their Proficiency, and 
be present at the performance of Some of their Exercises, the Master being be- 
fore Notified of their Comeing, And with him to consult and Advise of further 
Methods for the Advancement of Learning and the Grood Government of the 
Schoole." 

'* And at their S* Visitation, One of the Ministers by turns to pray with the 
SchoUars, and Entertain 'em with Some Instructions of Piety Specially 
Adapted to their age and Education." 

" Voted, That the Hon"* Waite Winthrop Esq', Sam» Sewall Esqr, Elisha 
Cook Esq', Isaac Addington Esq', and Thomas Brattle Esq' are desired and 
appointed to Attend the S<^ Service as Inspectors agreeable to the S<* pro- 
posals." — Eds. 



394 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

trouble ; for I am not willing to be concernd ; for 2 Rea- 
sons; 1. I have no Call to that Service. I cannot but 
judg? that the Ministers of the Town are the fittest per- 
sons in the World to be the Visitors of the School. But 
the Town (I hear) has left them out of their Vote ; which 
has been a great disrespect, and Contempt put upon (not 
me but) all the Ministers in Boston. They must be very 
fond of the OflSce (which, I am sure, I am not) who shall 
now run before they are called. A Secondary call from 
T. B. &c. I esteem as none at all. 2. I am stricken in 
years. That which was a Recreation to me formerly, is 
now a Burden. I may not then concern my self with a 
new office. It is this Sumer (49) a Jubilee of years since 
I begun to serve the Town : I may now rationally expect 
Liberty and Rest. Nothing suiteth with my Age so much 
as Retirement and Rest. 

Nevertheless, I purpose (if the Lord will) to goe to the 
Schoolhouse, and preach a Sermon to the children ; but 
not as a visitor. And therefore I am not willing that any 
one should goe with me. (especially not any of the Visit- 
ors chosen by the Town.) For which cause I shall conceal 
the day of my doing that Service from every-body, untill 
the work is over. The Lord prepare me for, and hasten 
my being among the Spirits of just men made perfect. I 

remain 

Yours to serve 

Boston, April 24, 1710. I. MaTHEB. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO ELIZABETH SALTONSTALL.i 

To Mrs, Elisabeth Saitonstallj wido2Cy at HaverhiU. 

April 29, 1710. 

Madam, — These are to bespeak your Acceptance of 
the inclosed Booke, as a small Token of my Respect. I 

^ Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. John Ward and widow of Colonel Na- 
thaniel Saltonstall ; ante^ page 348, n. She surviyed her husband thirtj-four 
years, dying in 1741. — Eds. 



L£TT£R-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 395 

cannot but Acknowledge the Obligation you lay even upon 
the Province, by denying your self, and continuing to live 
in a Frontier Town, where our Enemies have often made 
formidable Impressions. By the sentiments of my dear 
Mother, I conjecture you desire to ly by your honoured 
Consort, and Parents. I pray, that in the most conven- 
ient Season, you may be brought to them in peace. That 
as you are venturing to keep Watch and Ward for the 
Inward Towns ; So God may watch over you for Good ; 
That the Strong men among our Enemies may not be 
able to finde their Hands ; and that the Counsels of their 
Achitophels may be turned into Foolishness. I entreat 
your Prayers, that we in these parts may be saved from 
the Evils we are most liable to ; and particularly, for him 
who is. Madam your obliged friend, and most humble 
Servant S. S. 

MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

To Gov5 Saltonstall, June 7, 1710, being an Answer to 
his Honor's of May 29. Inclosed a bound book with gilt 
Edges, q' 10 Treatises, to his Lady, Elizabeth in her Re- 
tirement is one of them. Sent a Copy of our Election ; 
p Mr. Buckingham. Sent Elisabeth to his wife, with 23 
others under a Gilt Paper Cover. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO EUEZER FAIRBANKE. 

Mr. Eliezer Fairbanke. ^'^^^' '^^^ ®' ^^^^' 

According to your desire, I agree that you Enter upon 
our Farm at Sherbourn, near Winthrop's Pond, containing 
about One Hundred and Fifty Acres, Upland and Meadow, 
to Improve it, and keep up the Bounds ; And if I and my 
wife and Children Sell it, you shall have the Refusal. 
You must be a good Husband on it, and see that no Waste 
be made ; As witness my Hand Samuel Sewall. 

To Mr, Eliezer Fairbanks Susbandman; 

At Sherbourn. ^ 



396 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

This is a true Copy of the writing I have received of 
Samuel Sewall Esqr. as witness my Hand 

Elezer E F fairbakke. 
Witness "• '°**^ 

John key nummin. 



memorandum of letter 

To Mr. Edward Taylor June 27, 1710. Condole the 
death of his daughter Pynchon buried last Midweek. In- 
close Mr. John Danforth's Sermon, and the three last 
News-Letters. 

Col. Hilton's death. 

SAMUEL sewall TO PRESIDENT LEVERETT. 

To Mr, Jn*! Leverett President. 

Second-day, July 3, 1710. 

Sir, — These are to Thank you, firstly upon the Ac- 
count of my own Son Joseph Sewall, for your great Fa- 
vour continued to him. And I likewise thank you for 
your mindfuUness of my poor Cousin Short, and sending 
him a Question, suitable at all times, and most seasonable 
ior him greatly depres'd with Melancholy. He has a 
Suit of Cloths making ; and I hope to send him to wait 
on you at the Commencement. He presents his Service 
and prays your Acceptance of the Customary Allowance ; 
and your Favour in sending word what Question he shall 
dispute against. He will pay the Steward his Dues. 

There is one thing I crave leave a little to expostulat 
about and enquire whether it be convenient to insert the 
Names of those in the Thesis, who are beyond Sea, and 
no expectation of their being present? It doth not seem 
to be so agreeable to Truth, as one could wish. By the 
same Rule, if you your self were in London, and all that 
are to have Degrees, were in Barbados, or Newfound 
Land ; yet the Theses might be printed, and dispersed j 



LETTEB-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 397 

and so be perfectly a Romance, and not of a mixt 
nature. 

The End of the College is, that lovers of Learning may 
there meet ; and be instructed, and have Sparks of Liter- 
ature revived and enkindled. But this way of Faggoting 
discourages that, and becomes an Extinguisher: whenas 
they that are at the remotest distance, may not only viC' 
tonafriy sed Insignia victoriae reportare. And no maner of 
Distinction is made between them that give their Atten- 
dance, and wait for their Degrees; and those that are 
upon their own privat and personal concerns, pursuing Af- 
fairs of a foreign nature. I would press this Argument 
harder, had not I a Son that stood for his Degree. 

Me thinks, it should satisfy Mr. B. and Mr. P. and their 
Relations, That they have their Degrees publickly given ; 
that they be inserted in the College Record, and Printed 
in the Catalogue ! 

Wishing your self and the Comencers a very good Day 
next Midweek, I take leave, who am 

Sir, yoiu" most humble Serv! S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO GOVEBNOB SALTONSTALL. 

To Ocnf SaltonstaU, enclosing four Theses^ and Dr, Edwards^ b 

Answer to JSachevereU. 

July 7, 1710. 

May it please youb Honob, — I writt to your Honor 
by Mr. Buckingham of Hartford.^ I have now received 
the printed Act relating to your Bills of Credit, which 
doth not agree with them; for they speak themselves 
Equal with Money, which is 17?wt : and the Act makes 
a Fund of 15?wt, and that of I don't know what, for want 
of the Epithet Sterling-Alloy. I have ventured to take 
payment for the first Bill of Exchange in them ; as you 

^ Rev. Thomas Buckingham, H. C. 1690, minister of the Second Church 
at Hartford. He died in 1781, aged 62. ^ Eds. 



398 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

will see by my Receipt to Mr. Whiting. I pray your 
Honor to take effectual order that I may not be made a 
loser by them. Which I shall be, except they pass cur- 
rently from man to man. At present they Stick. Please 
to accept of the inclosed Theses,^ and Dr. Edwards's Answer 
to Sacheverell.* I think his Assise Sermon was preached 
the 15*? of Aug'. I am your Honor's most humble Serv! 

S. S. 

MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

To Mr. James Noyes at Stonington July 7, 1710. In- 
closed 6- Theses Dr. Edwards's Answer to Sacheverell. 
Prayd his Advice for Recovery of Mr. Matthew Short's 
Health. 

To Peter Burr Esqr. July 7, 1710. Inclosed three 
Theses, and Dr. Edwards's Answer to Sacheverell. 

To Mr. Samuelr Andrew at Milford, inclosing Six Theses^ 
and Dr. Edwards's Answer. My Service to Govf Treat 
with a Thesis. Let Mr. Pierpont, and Mr. W. Mather 
have each of them one. Mr. Payson desires earnestly to 
see you; Wishes you would come to Cambridge at the 
Comencment, and thereby render your self visible to 
your Friends. 

To Mr. Seth Shove at Danbury, July 7, 1710. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO GOVERNOR SALTONSTALL. 

[ffovr SaltonstaU] Hehoboth, 

V. 11?, 1710. 

Hon"" Sir, — I am at this Town, in order to my keep- 
ing court at Bristol, to morrow ; Admit me from hence to 

1 See SewalPs Diary, II. 282. — Eds. 

3 Dr. Henry Sacheverell, the famous High Church clergyman, who was 
impeached by the House of Commons for his assize sermon at Derby, Aug. 15, 
1710, and for one before the Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London, preached 
at St. Paul's on the subsequent 5th of November. See Stanhope^s Beign of 
Queen Anne, Ch. XII. — Eos. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 399 

condole your Honor's great Affiction caused by the death 
of your good Lady. The Lamentation for Gentlewomen 
dying in child-bed, is very Lamentable indeed. To see 
them fall in their Essays to propagat Mankind, and not to 
be able to sustain them ; how grievous is it ! The life of 
the Child is a moderation of this A£9iction. Jacob in 
distress for his beloved Rachel, so far took heart, as to 
change his Son's Name and call him Benjamin. I have 
lately been put into Mourning by the death of my little 
Grcmd-daughter. Mr. Tomson has made a Poem in her 
Remembrance, which please to accept : It begins with a 
rich cordial against the Revolutions we are many times 
exercised with, and are constantly exposed to. — :I con- 
gratulat the safe Arrival of your Regiment. May God 
help the whole Army to go forth in his Name and 
Strength and do Exploits. &c. S. S. 



In deditioDem Castelli Portas Regalia Imperatori ExcelleDtissimo Fran- 
cisco Nicholsono armigero, Octob. 2. 1710. Cum classe scilicet armata, 
et cohortibus instructissimis tarn Britannicis qnam Novanglicis per aliquot 
dies obsessom foret Carmen gratulatorinm.^ 

ANNA Nicholsonnm Bostonam visere jnssit, 

Ne sit vicinb praeda voranda snis. 
Advolat eztemplo, valida comitante caterva; 

Prodigns Is vitae, prodigus aeris erat. 
Matthaeus ceteris praecurrit clandere portam ; 

Terribilis tandem bellica dassis adit 
Qu&m bene FraDciscns Francos depellit iniqaos I 

Hinc GralliciDinm cessat adesse malum. 
Subercassus enim cecidit, moderamine cassus^ 

£t leve festinat Suber adire domum. 



^ Colonel (afterwards Sir) Francis Nicholson, commander of the troops at 
the capture of Port Royal (or Annapolis Royal) Oct. 2, 1710, successively 
Lieutenant-Governor of New York and Grovemor of Virginiai Maryland, 
Nova-Scotia, and South Carolina. He died in 1728. — £db. 



400 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Bectorem agnoscit propriam Nova Scotia Scotam, 
Vetchas et Hobbaeus parta tuentur ibi. 

Est decimus pariter Septingentesimus Annas, 
Portum Regalem possidet ANNA suum.^ 

Semper opus firmum praestes, mitissime CHBISTE, 
Et tua sit pennis tecta oolamba tais. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO [FRANCIS NICHOLSON]. 



8. S. 



Boston, N. E., Oct^ 81, 1710. 

HoNB? Sir, — As your Name is a-kin to victory; so 

GOD has helped you to honour the Queen, and Relieve 

this distressed Province by removing some of our trouble- 

som Neighbours. Upon which Account, after the publick 

Acknowledgments, I pray to be admitted to the privilege 

of expressing my ThankfuUness to your Honor, and to 

your Officers, and Souldiers serving in the late Expedition 

to Port Royal. All have ventured, and some have spent 

their Lives, that the Inhabitants might be in peace and 

safety at home. I pray GOD to Reward this Successful! 

Labour. I should have been better pleasd, if the Distichs 

had been better; please to accept them such as they are 

from 

Hon^^* Sir, your Honor's most humble 

and obedient Serv? Samuel Sewall. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO 



HoNB*^ Sir, — Your Stewards and Serv^ the Comis- 
sioners, to whom the hon^^ Corporation for propagating 
the Gospel among our Indians have comitted a more ime- 
diat and subordinat management of that AflFair, we hope 
do, and shall observe most exactly all your Directions 

^ Manuscript volume *' Letters and Papers, 1701-1720,** p. 62, apnd Mass. 
Hist. Soc. adds here: — 

Oblinet Europa sosiales Anna triamphos; 

In partes illic lubrica fama fugit 
Adjuyat Orbe Novo Franciscum nuUos arnicas, 

Ut detor dominie gloria tota boa. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 401 

and with all possible conformity. Among your Directions 
you have been pleased to propose a New Edition of the 
Indian Bible, in which your orders, if they be continued, 
will be religiously complied withall. But because it can 
hardly be well entred upon before we may have some 
Answer to the Address we now make unto you. We im- 
prove the present Opportunity humbly to lay before you 
the Sentiments which your Comissioners here generally 
have of the matter ; and not they only, but we suppose, 
the Generality of the more considerat Gentlemen through 
the Coimtrey. Indeed the considerations which we have 
already and almost unawares insinuated, may be of some 
weight in the matter. For if the printing of the Psalter 
with the Gospel of John, in so correct a maner as may be 
for Satisfaction, have taken up so long a time, as above a 
year; how much time will necessarily go to so great a 
Work as that Of the whole Bible ? For the doing of which 
also, it will be necessary to take off those persons from 
their Ministry among the Indians, who are of all men the 
most essential to the Indian Service. In the mean time 
'tis the opinion of many. That as httle Money as would be 
expended on a new Edition of the Bible (and not much 
more time) would go very far towards bringing them to 
be a sort of English Generation. It is very sure, The best 
thing we can . do for our Indians is to Anglicise them in 
all agreeable Instances ; and in that of Language, as well 
as others. They can scarce retain their Language, with- 
out a Tincture of other Salvage IncUnations, which do but 
ill suit, either with the Honor, or with the design of Chris- 
tianity. The Indians themselves are Divided in the De- 
sires upon this matter. Though some of their aged men 
are tenacious enough of Indianisme (which is not at all to 
be wondred at) Others of them as earnestly wish that their 
people may be made English as fast as they can. The 
Reasons they assign for it are very weighty ones; and 
this among the rest, That their Indian Tongue is a very 

VOL. I. — 26. 



402 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

penurious one (though the Words are long enough !) and 
the great things of our Holy Religion brought unto them 
in it, unavoidably arrive in Terms that are scarcely more 
intelligible to them than if they were entirely English. 
But the English Tongue would presently give them a Key 
to all our Treasures and make them the Masters of another 
sort of Library than any that ever will be seen in their 
Barbarous Linguo. And such of them as can speak Eng- 
lish, find themselves vastly accomodated for the entertain- 
ing and communicating of Knowledge, beyond what they 
were before. And it is hoped. That by good English 
Schools among the Indians, and some other fit methods, 
the grand intention of Anglicising them would be soon 
accomplished. The Truth is, when we sit down and coimt 
the cost, we much suspect our Ability to go through the 
Cost of printing the Bible ; and yet supporting the anual 
expences which must be bom on other Accounts, or else 
the Evangelical work among the Indians fall to the ground. 
That which adds a very great weight unto the Scale we 
are upon, is this : The Indians, though their number and 
their distance be now so small, do considerably differ in 
their Dialect. The former Editions of the Bible were in 
the Natick Dialect. But if it be done in the Noop Dialect, 
which would best suit the most valuable body of our sur- 
viving Indians • those on the Main, and at Nantucket would 
not understand it so well as they should. The Books 
written by two eminent Preachers in their Tongue, the 
Indians complain of a Difference in them that is consid- 
erable. Their Language is also continually changing; 
old words wearing out, and new ones coming on. And a 
discreet person whom we lately employd in a visitation 
of the Indian Villages, inserts this as one article of his 
Report, about this particular matter. 

"There are many words of Mr. Elliott's forming which 
" they never understood. This they say is a grief to them. 
" Such a knowledge in their Bibles, as our English ordinarily 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 403 

" have in ours, they seldom any of them have ; and there 
" seems to be as much difficulty to bring them imto a com- 
" petent knowledge of the Scriptures, as it would be to 
" get a sensible acquaintance with the English Tongue/* 

Your Commissioners in general were not acquainted 
with the Letters that went from certain particular Gen- 
tlemen here, which gave the Representation that has sol- 
icited your excellent charity to run into that Chanel of 
a New Edition for the Indian Bible. We therefore thought 
it our Duty to throw in our own Representation on the 
other side, that so the more consumat Wisdom and Judg- 
ment of the Corporation may weigh all things, and pro- 
ceed thereupon to their final Resolutions. When those 
are made known unto us, whatever they shall be, we shall 
think it our Duty to fall in with them, and pursue them 
to the uttermost. 

Being always Your Honor's (and the Company's) most 
faithfuU most sincere and humble Serv^ 

That none of the Ministers who belong to our number. 
Sign with us, is owing to their Indisposition upon weighty 
Reasons, to think it proper for them to declare themselvs 
peremptorily one way or other on the Subject. 

The foregoing Representation, the original was written 
by Mr. Cotton Mather. Mr. Bromfield had it of his 
Brother Fitch, who gave it him to shew Mr. Sergeant, 
which he did in the Council-Chamber 9f 11*?, 1710. I 
accidentally heard Mr. Sergeant and Foster talking upon 
it, ask'd it of them, and Copied it out. S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR HENRY ASHHURST. 

To the Hori^ Sir Henry Ashhurst^ Baronet, 9r 20, 1710. 

Boston, N. E., Of 20, 1710. 

Hon"" Sir, — My not being able to accomplish your 
Business till now, has made me too slow in answering 



404 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

your Letters. These Provinces are so exhausted by the 
War, that they are fain to emitt Bills of Credit upon 
Funds made by the respective General Courts for that 
purpose. Connecticut have lately made a considerable 
Sum. But at first they were not Current here in pay- 
ments ; yet they offered nothing else in discharge of your 
Bills of Exchange, and told me they had nothing but 
those Bills of Credit. This put me to a great strait. At 
last I ventured to take their Bills for your Bill of Ex- 
change: dated Aug* 20, 1708, for £160. 17. p.w?. And 
now the Connecticut Bills passing pretty ciurrent (though 
inferiour to our own) I also gave them a Receipt on the 
BiU for £147, dated May 18^ 1709. I have received in 
all, for your Account £. 537.-15.-2. Fifteen p.w*; and 
have paid to the Company's Use for your 

Account £. 333.- 4.-0. 

So there remains due to you .... 204.-11.-2. 

£ 537.-15.-2. 

Two hundred and four pounds Eleven Shillings and two 
pence, Fifteen peny Weight, to be disposed of as you shall 
please to order. I shall add no more but that I am, Hon- 
orable Sir, 

Your Honor's faithfuU and humble Servant 

Samuel Sewall. 

The Account is in inclosed, and Govf SaltonstalFs Letter. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO SIR WILLIAM ASHHURST. 

To Sir WiUiam Aahhurst. 

^. 21, 1710. 

By your Honor's Recomendation, my learned and 

worthy Kinsman Mr. Jer. Dumer junf is made our Agents 
I have heard of a Bow with a Steel Back ; you will be 
that to Mr. Dumer, and Steady and Strengthen him in 
this weighty undertaking ; which will be very obliging to 
the Province, and particularly to S. S. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 405 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JEREMIAH DUMMER. 

To Mr. Jeremiah Dumer Agent Jbc, 

9! 21, 1710. 

I wish you joy resulting from a diligent faithfull dis- 
charge of this Trust. It is expected that you much value 
your self upon the Advice of Sir W*? Ashhurst. Barter 
away none, nothing of our Religious Privileges though 
you might have Millions in lieu of them. Be watchfull 
and diligent for their preservation. I thank you for your 
frequent Letters, and Latine verses ; accept of my poor 

Essay on the Surrender of Port-Royal. Your Serv* 

S. S. 

Gave my Letters to Capt. Mullins or Mellows who boards 
at Mrs. Hawks's ; He promisd to put the Packet into the 
Norwich's Bag. 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO CHARLES SUCRE. 

To Mr. Charles de Sucre^ Oovemour of American Carthagena. 

Nov! 22, 1710, Julian Style. 

Sir, — I am indebted for yours of the 17^ Novf, Gre- 
gorean Style. I was surprised to see Sanctius brought 
back to me ; because I did not Lend, but Give it to your 
Honor as a Small token of my Respect ; having several 
Folios of the same Author by me. Accordingly, I returnd 
it by your Messenger, and do pray you to accept of it. 
Although the Cities of Mexico and Carthagena be far dis- 
tant from each other; yet I presume there is a Corre- 
spondence between them. If it be so, I should be glad to 
be informed, how many foot the Lake on which Mexico 
stands, doth ebb, and Flow : and whether any of the pub- 
lick Buildings belonging to Montezuma, be now standing 
and improved by the Spaniards. Your kind offer has in- 
vited me to ask this Curtesy, which if you shall please to 
grant from Jamaica, or Carthagena ; it will oblige me. I 
had no notice of your being at my door more than once. 



406 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

This double essay I look upon as an entire visit ; and if 
GOD give me Life and Liberty, I hope to acknowledge it 
by waiting on you next week. In the mean time I am 
your Honor's most humble and obedient Serv? S. S. 



VERSES ON THE CAPTURE OF PORT ROYAL. 

Queen Anne sends Nicholson from London 
To save New-England from being undone ; 
Who being come does forward push, 
Regards nor Coin nor Life a Rush. 
Matthews goes first to block the Port, 
(We can but love and thank him for 't) 
Till Fleet arrive, who soon doth pour 
Upon their Coxcombs such a Showr 
Of Ball and Bombs, and all in such sort 
As made the Franks to smell the worse for't 
The dastard Knight then Sneak'd away 
As, light as Cork (as one may say). 
Thus being handled without Mittens, 
He leaves his Castle to North-Britains. 
May ANNE go on, as sh' hath begun, 
And shine as bright as Noon-day Sun ; 
Increase Her victories at home, 
And make America Her own. 
But how shall th' Hero be rewarded 
That thus our mean Estate regardid. 
We cannot tell our trusty friend, 
Unless Jove do 't ; and there 's an end. 

The foregoing I copyed out Novf 23, 1710, it being 
shewd me by Mr. Mayhew, who had it of Mr. Simon 
Willard. See 8T 31.^ 

1 Manuscript volume *» Letters and Papers, 1701-1720," p. 62, i^ud Mass. 

Hist. Soc. has the following translation : — 

Anne to Ntw England Nicholson commands, 
To save it from base Neighbours savage hands ; 
Who comes regardless of his Life and Coyn, 
NetD EnglUh Troops to British Fleet doth joyo, 
And to block up that Port Matthews fore rons 
Till dreadnaught Ships are come with Bombs and Gons. 
Brave Francis quelled the French and sent them going, 
With ease he stopt the strutting Coxcombs* crowing. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 407 



ON C. Mf" DIPLOMA. 

The mad enthusiast, thirsting after fame. 

By endless volum'ns thought to raise a name. 

With undigested trash he throngs the Press ; 

Thus striving to be greater, he 's the less, 

But he, in spight of infamy, writes on, 

And draws new Cullies in to be undone. 

Warm'd with paternal vanity, he trys 

For new Suscriptions, while the Embryo [his 2 volumus] lyes 

Neglected — Parkhurst says, Satis fecisH^ 

My belly *s full of your Magnalia ChristL 

Your crude Divinity, and History 

Will not with a censorious age agree. 

Daz*d with the stol'n title of his Sire, 

To be a Doctor he is all on fire ; 

Would after him, the Sacrilege commit 

But that the Keeper's [Leverett], care doth him affiight 

To Britain's Northern Clime in haste he sends, 

And begs an Independent boon from Presbyterian friends ; 

Rather than be without, he 'd beg it of the Fiends. 

Facetious George brought him this Libertie 

To write C. Mather first, and then D.D. 

Given me by D. I. Mather NovT 25, 1710, with license 
to Copy it : which I did die praedicto. 

Thus Subercass his Grovernment and Name 

And Castle Lost and hastens home with shame. 

Port Royal is become Annapolis 

And Nova Scotia doth reyive in this; 

For a North Britian {ric) now doth rule the roast 

And Vetch and Hobbey to defend her coast. 

For in the year Seventeen hundred and ten 

By Nicholson Anne got her own again: 

Victorious Anne She and Her Great Allie*8 

Triumph in European Victories. 

But this American is all her own 

Under the Conduct of her Nicholson, 

Dear Christ, confirm what thou hast wronght; thy Dove 

lYom henceforth cover with thy Wings and Love. 



408 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 



MEMORANDA OF LETTERS. 

Decf 18, 1710. Writ largely to Mr. Moodey of York 
of my Daughter Gerrishes death the 17*?" 9f^ Dr. C. 
Mather's note to the Grandjury, this day's News-Letter ; 
Two Setts of Verses; Libels, and proceeding thereupon. 
Vindicated Glascow. Sent p Capt. Lyon to whom I gave 
Mr. Danforth, and Mayhew's Verses. 

To Mr. Joseph Lord of Dorchester in Carolina, FebT 5. 
Writ largely about the Psalm-book, Sent him two. One 
new Psalter claspd, Mr. Moodey's Sermons on Luke, 13. 
28. One Consolations, Frenches Verses, My verses on 
the Taking of Port-Royal. 4. Mr. Mayhew's verses ; 1 Mr. 
Danforth on Daughter Gerrishes Death. Sew'd all up in 
Barras sent by Mr. Homes. 



MEMORANDUM. 

Judith Parrot bom at Rode-Island married Caleb Cran- 
ston, by whom she had two daughters, Mary and Eliza- 
beth now grown up ; Mary is the widow Burden. After 
the death of their Father, the said Judith married William 
Pease, by whom she had several Children ; two Sons are 
living, Simon and William. William Pease the 2? Hus- 
band died about 7. years ago ; and now Samuel Cranston 
Esqr. having a few Moneths ago buried his wife, seeks to 
marry his Sister Judith. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO MRS. JUDITH PEASE. 

To MrB. Jvdith Pease. 

March 19, 17^. 

Madam, — Upon second thoughts, I accept of your 
friendly Invitation, and take the freedom of a few words 

^ See Sewall's Diary, n. 289, 290. —Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 409 

in the case mentioned in the morning ; I apprehend it to 
be against the Law of England, against the Law of Na- 
tions, and against the Law of GOD. 

For the Law of England, I need only lay before you 
the Oracle of it. Sir Edward Coke, the 2? pt of his Insti- 
tutes, p. 683. By this the parties are liable to a Divorce ; 
and obnoxious to a thousand Vexations in the Prosecution. 
And the fault of Englishmen in this kind, is of all, the 
most inexcusable, ever since the Celebrated Divorce of 
King Henry the Eighth, who had married the Eelict of 
Prince Arthur his Brother ; the Lady Katharine Princess 
Dowager. "The Pope which then ruld at Rome, was 
" Pope Julius the 2?, by whose Dispensation this Marriage, 
" which neither sense of Nature would admit, nor God's 
" Law would bear, was concluded — Neither was the case 
" so hard — but that by the Word of God, and the Judg- 
" ments of the best learned Clerks, and also by the Cen- 
" sure of the chief Universities of all Christendom, to the 
" number of ten and more, it was discussed to be unlaw- 
" full." These words of the excellently Learned and pious 
Mr. Fox, are to be seen in his Martyrology, Volum 2f 
p. 270, Col. 2. Edit. 1684. 

"New-England likewise; so far as the Massachusets 
"and Connecticut reach, have declard against it with 
"very severe Penalties." 

Levit. 18, 16. Thou shalt not uncover the Nakedness 
of thy Brother's wife — It is to be understood of the 
woman that once was thy Brother's wife; For in the 
Jewish State, Adultery was a Capital Crime; whether 
there was any Relation or no. V. 6. None of you shall 
aproach to any that is near of Kin to him. There is a 
certain Gentleman in the Island, that was once near of 
Kin to you; and your Daughters are a Demonstration, 
that he is as much a-kin to you as ever ; He is as much 
their Unkle as ever ; and therefore as much your Brother 
as ever. 



410 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL BEWALL. 

I have been told that Govf Blake* of Carolma was under 
a Temptation to marry his wives Sister. He writ to Bos- 
ton for Advice ; and a Letter was retumd inclosing an 
Answer that had been printed before. Upon Receipt of 
this Letter, and Resolution of the case, he desisted, and 
did not marry her. When I can recover this printed 
Resolution, I intend, God willing, to send it to the Gen- 
tleman ; and I hope it will have the same good effect in 
these parts, that it had at Carolina. You may be sure of 
its impartiality, being composed about fifteen years agoe. 
In the mean time, I ask your acceptance of the Sermon 
sent herewith ; and thanking you for this Liberty, I take 
Leave, who am, Madam, your humble Servant 

Samuel Sewall. 

SAMUEL sewall TO SIR JAMES EYTON. 

To Sir James Eyton Knight. 

May 21, 1711. 

Sir, — Yours of the 31. January last, is before me; I 
have presented your Bill of Exchange dated London Janf 
31, 1710/11, drawn on Mr. John Coleman Merchant in 
this Town, for £ 147. 0-0. payable to my self. He de- 
clines Accepting it, and for Answer says, that he has lately 
remitted you One Hundred pounds Sterling Money of 
England; which could not be come to your knowledge 
when you drew the Bill. I received you Bill on Mr. 
Glencross, the 14^? current : He writt me a Letter by the 
same Post. I have sent him a Copy of the Bill ; and ad- 
vised him, that I shall not exact of him according to the 
rigor of the Expression as it may seem; provided he 
make me honest payment. I expect by the next Post 
his compleat Acceptance. Sir, If I can in any thing serve 
you, I shall account my self happy, who am Sir 

your humble Serv? S. S. 

1 Joseph Blake, Grovemor of South Carolina, 169G-1700, nephew of Ad- 
miral Blake. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 411 



MEMORANDUM OF LETTER. 

Extract of Sir TT? AshhursVa Letter to Dr. L M: dated London^ 

JarC 31, 17if 

Reverd Sir, — I heartily congratulat you upon the 
Honor and Justice the University of Glasgow has lately 
done your Son ; ^ and doe take my self so far interested in 
it, that I think myself obliged to return that learned Body 
(to whom I am not unknown) my hearty Thanks for it. 
We have had so great a Change here amongst our great 
Ones ; and such an unhappy Turn is given to all Affairs, 
that it makes all good peoples hearts very heavy. I pray 
GOD prevent the effects which are feared. Post Script : 
There are Endeavours making for a new Govemour ; but 
the person talkt on is no ways for your purpose. And I 
think you are much better as you are at present. For as 
Things are here now, we cannot expect any Change for 
the better. 

MEMORANDA. 

Aug* 9, 1711. To Mr. John Storke to desire him to 
send Money to Mr. Love ; acquainted him with daughter 
Mary's death, and the death of her daughter. Sir W"* 
Patty ,^ did he goe to School at Rumsey ? 

Aug? 9, 1711. Sent to Mr. Love for the Books follow- 
ing-; viz. 

Pole's English Annotations, two Setts. 

Mr. Henry's Anotations far as he has gon. 

Dutch Annotations. 

Cambridge Concordance ; Preaching Bible. 

Junius and Tremellius, a fair Print to carry to Church. 

Parens, his Adversaria on the Bible. 

Dr. Lightfoot's Works in two volumns. 

^ Cotton Mather received the honorary degree of D. D. from the Univer- 
sity of Glasgow, 1710. — Eds. 

' Sir William Petty, the famous statistician, ancestor in the female line 
of the Marquises of Lansdowne. — Eds. 



412 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

Harris's Lexicon Tecnicum. 

Alcuinus ; Tigurine Bible. 

Pauli Freheri theatrum virorum Eruditione claror. 

Rushworth's Collections Abridgd and Improvd. 

Dr. Prestoa's Works. 

Ray of the Wisdom of GOD in the Creation. 

If any Money over, send in Shirting Holland. 

Aug? 4, 1712. 

All Calvin's Comentaries. 

Dr. Owen on 6-13. of the Hebrs. 

Dr. Saunderson's Sermons. 

Stillingfleet's Origines Sacrae. 

Trenicum, Ch. Rome. 

Pearson on the Creeds. 

Augt. 9, 1711. To Mr. Henry Newman p Capt. Keeting 
Thank'd him for his Books. Comended the Ravishing 
Beauty of Bp. St. Asaph's^ Sermon that expression espe- 
cially about not muzzling the Ox that treads out the Corn. 
Inclosed Sermon Consolations, Selling of Joseph, Extract 
Atheii. Oracle, Mr. Safl&n's Answer. Am surprisd at your 
Ample Acknowledgmt for so little a Kindness as upon 
strict Search I can find I have shewd you. S. S. 

To Sir Charles Hobby ^ Knight Comander in Chief of 
Annapolis Royal, inclosing one of the new Psalters, Mr. 
Thacher's Election Sermon, 2 of Mr. MayheVs Poems on 
daughter Gerrish. Have Lett half the Coach-House and 
stable to Mr. Simpson. Mr. Glencross. My Treasurer's 
place is too burdensom to me. I have thought of laying 
it down at the next comissioners Meeting. Acknowledged 
my Obligation for his Honors Letter dated JanT 26, 1710/11. 
Was continually expected to arrive here which prevented 
my answering seasonably. 

Sent it p Capt. John Adams Q. D. C. 

^ Dr. William Fleetwood was at this time Bishop of St. Asaph. — Eds. 
* Colonel Sir Charles Hobbj, senior officer at the capture of FiKirt BoyaL 
He died in 1714. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 413 

January 1, 1711/12. To Mr. Edward Taylor, inclosing 
Mr. Willard's Meditations, Rainbow, Drs. Mathers Sermons 
on the Fire, bound up together. Writt him of the Fire, 
what Books burnt. Pray for our Children, for Joseph a 
probationer in the work of the Ministry. Major Walley's 
Bereavements. My Wife and I grow old, I am 60. 28. 
March next : my wife 54. Febr. 14. We grow old and 
must expect the clouds to return after the Rain. Pray 
for us, that GOD would pardon all our Sins. Defend us 
from Satan the Unwearied Enemy of Man-kind ; help us 
to run the Race set before us. Looking unto JESUS. 
Thus Looking, Speaking, Crying, I subscribe Sir, 

your friend and humble Serv^ 

Samuel Sevallus. 
Sexagenarius. 

Condole Westfield's Mortality ; Mine and wives Service 
to you and Madam Taylor. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO REV. JOSEPH GERRISH. 

« 

To the Beverd Mr, Joseph Oerrish. 

JanT 7, 17H. 

Rev"" Sir, — I have yours of the 26^?" DecT containing 
obliging Expressions of your Friendship, to me and mine ; 
which I desire likewise, on my part, to cultivat. As to 
my going to Major Walley, to Speak in the Affair you 
mention ; I question whether it be convenient for me to 
undertake. However, I account, that what concerns our 
Son's portion with his deceased wife ; to adjust that first, 
will be the most orderly way of proceeding. I have 
shewed Mr. Gerrish the only Instrument that relates to 
it ; and am ready to lay it before you ; except you shall 
leave it to be transacted by your Son in your absence. I 
apprehend the sooner this were issued, the better, for ob- 
taining those desirable ends you mention in yours. I en- 
treat your Prayers for me, and my Family ; especially for 



414 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

my Son who is a probationer in the Work of the Ministry. 

With mine and my Wives Service to you and Madam Ger- 

rish, I take leave, who am Sir, your obliged Brother and 

humble Servant 

Samuel Sewall. 

Major Walley had his foot opened underneath, last Fri- 
day ; and Mr. Cutler said, the most likely, if not only way 
to save his life, was to cut it off. 



MEMORANDA. 



To Mr. James Noyes at Stonington Jan! 15, 17^^. 
Writ of D. Hamilton, the Fire, Joseph ; their Mortality, 
Major Walley. Desire Prayers. Inclosed a Book q* Mr. 
Willard ; Sacr. Meditations, Rainbow. Taberah, Burnings. 
Mr. Shove's Letter. 

Febr. 9, 1711/12. A. B. Appealed not from the Sen- 
tence of the Court that made him the Reputed father of 
a Bastard ; but from the Sentence of the Court, wherein 
he was Fined for Fornication. And at the Superiour 
Court the Jury brought him in Guilty. 

A Review in a Criminal Cause, the Law knows not. 
The Title of the Act is. An Act for Review in Civil causes, 
p. 214. 

Confession before one, or two, or three Justices, out of 
Court, shall not convict a Man: But when the Court 
comes, it shall be given in to the Jury j and they shall 
Rate it as they please. 



JOSEPH SEWALL TO REV. BENJAMIN COLMAN. 

To Mr. Colman, 

Cambridge, Febr. 22, 17^^. 

Reverend Sir, — I received your courteous Letter 
this morning, and could not read it without a deep sense 



LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 415 

of the great respect shewn me in it, which I must ac- 
knowledge to be much above my merit I humbly thank 
. you and the Gent? concerned for the honor you did me 
in the privat motions, which your Letter makes mention 
of. I can't tell how God will dispose of me ; but desire 
to resign myself to his care and Providence in all things. 
It will be a great Satisfaction to me, if I may always en- 
joy that Affection which you are pleasd so generously to 
express in your Letter ; and I hope I shall ever retain a 
gratefuU Remembrance of it. Indeed I can make but 
very poor Returns : but I pray God to reward you. And 
if in any thing, I am, or may be able to serve you j be 
pleasd to Command me. Desiring your Prayers, 
I am, with all due acknowledgments 

Reverend Sir, your obliged, humble Servant. 

Joseph Sewall. 



SAMUEL sewall TO REV. BENJAMIN COLMAN. 

To Mr. Colman. 

Boston; Febr. 26, 17^- 

Reverend Sir, — These are to Acknowledge my Obli- 
gations to you for your very kind Letters to my Son, and 
to my self. I sent his to him by the first convenient 
Opportunity; and expected to have seen him in Town 
before now. Mrs. Hobart of Newtown is dismis'd to the 
Church Triumphant : Possibly, the disposal of her Body 
to it's rest, may retard his coming. I am glad of this 
Occasion, to renew my hearty Thanks for all your Favours 
to my Son. 

-E5j amandoj et amare fatendo} 

I entreat the continuance of your Prayers, That GOD 
would order all his concerns, and chuse all his Changes 
for him ; and give us Contentment with His Allowance. 

I am Sir, your most humble Serv* 

Samuel Sewall. 

1 Ovid, Met., xii. 407. 



416 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO THOMAS NO YES. 

To Col. Tkomaa Noyes. 

March 3, 17^^. 

Honored Sir, — The 29**" Febr7 last I saw the certainty 
of what I could hardly believe before; namely Deacon 
Merril, Decon Brown, John Bartlett and others, 22 in all 
Presenting a Petition to the Governour by Joseph Bayly 
one of the 22 Subscribers, Praying his Excellency's Pro- 
tection of them as being of the Episcopal Church of Engld. ; 
That they might not be oppressed with Rates, [wheras] 
they did not any longer continue in the Separation of their 
mistaken dissenting Brethren. This was done Febr. 27. 
But the Govern' shewd it to the Council the 29*?.^ 

Now though tis well enough known what was the 
spring of their motion ; and notwithstanding their Aprons 
of Fig-Leaves, they walk naked, and their Neighbors see 
their shame ; yet I apprehend it will be most advisable 
for those of the West Precinct Not to meddle with them, 
or forcibly take any thing of them towards defraying any 
of the Charges of the Precinct. This seems to me best 
for the Precinct and best for Newbury, and for the Prov- 
ince. And most for the Interest of Religion: And we 
shou'd stick at nothing for CHRIST !* 

You will have opportunity, I hope, to argue these 
Things in the Time of the Sitting of the General Court, 
which now approaches. I am Sir, 

your friend and humble Serv? 

S. Sewall. 

^ See this petition, and the answer thereto, in Papers relating to the His- 
tory of the Church in Massachusetts, edited by W. S. Perry, 107. — Eds. 

' The founding of a church of the Church of England at Newbury (now 
St. Paul's Church, Newburyport) seems to have met with much opposition. 
See Smith's History of Newburyport, 299; Perry's Hist. Coll. of the Ameri- 
can Colonial Church, HI. 87 et seq. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 417 

SAMUEL SEWALL TO JOHN WEBSTER. 

To Mr. John Webster at Newbury. 

March 12, 17^- 

Loving Landlord, — Formerly, when your neighbour 
Joshua Brown ^ gave you trouble with his wiggleing Whip- 
Rows; you us'd to Huff him, and humble him at a game 
of Checkers. But now, his awfull circumstances call you 
to a serious and solemn way of dealing with him. He 
has of late offended me; and I doubt not but he is in 
arrears with you. I therefore desire you to go to him in 
your own name, and mine ; but especially in the Name of 
GOD : Give him Mr. Higginson's Sermon ; tell him, I 
have sent it him as a Token of my Love. Demand of 
him, whetlier that which Mr. Higginson and the New- 
England Worthies Accounted the cause of GOD ; he does 
advisedly to account it the cause of the evil one, and to 
desert it accordingly ? Ask him whether he be persuaded, 
that Mr. Bridger doth more earnestly desire and seek his 
Good, than you doe, who have liv'd by him and lov'd him 
above these Fifty years ? Enquire of your friend Joshua 
Brown, whether what he is now about, be a justifiable 
keeping of the Fifth Commandment ; and whether he be 
now denying himself, and taking up his Cross, and follow- 
ing JESUS CHRIST? Ask him whether it be best to 
have the Apocrypha, and the canonical Scriptures yoked 
up together ? Whether it be Best to have the Sign of the 
Cross in Baptisme ? Whether it be best to have a great 
number of days in the year, placed as high as the Lord's 
Day ; if not above it ? I shall not enlarge, hoping that 
by the good Spirit of GOD, you will be assisted to speak 
beyond what I can write. I have sent you Mr. FlavelVs 
Explanation of the Assembly's Catechisme, which please 
to accept. The Print is not so good as I could wish. If 

^ One of those mentioned in the preceding letter as active in organizing 
an Episcopal Church at Newbury. — Eds. 
VOL. I. — 27. 



418 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

your own eyes do not serve you to read it; you must 
employ some that are younger, to read it to you. We 
have many sudden Deaths. The Widow Sanders of Brain- 
trey went to Meeting the last Lord's Day ; fell down out 
of her Seat, and dyed. Let us remember to pray one for 
another, that we may be ready when our LORD shall 
call. With my Service to my Land-Lady, I take leave, 
who am your friend and Serv* S. S. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO NATHANIEL COFFIN. 

To 3fr, Nizthan' Coffin. 

March 12, 17^. 

Sir, — I have thought on your words relating to the 
West Precinct in Newbury, mentioned in your Letter of 
the 22*? of January last. It came to my mind, that my 
Landlord Webster was a near neighbour to Joshua Brown 
for many years. You are a younger Man, and a Deacon. 
I would have you goe to Mr. Webster, and accompany 
him to your brother Deacon Brown, and speak to him 
with that Seriousness and Solemnity as the case requires ; 
and see if you can reclaim him, and recover him. Be not 
discouraged with thinking that he will not hear you. 
Here«ifter, possibly, he may complain that few, or none, 
dealt plainly and faithfully with him. However it be, if 
you in faithfuUness and Meekness endeavour to restore 
your brother thus surprisd, you will have peace and Com- 
fort in it. Success belongs to GOD ; it becomes us to doe 
our Duty, and make a full submission and entire Resig- 
nation of our Selves, and all our Endeavours, to his Sov- 
eraign good pleasure, as to the Event. Be not discouraged 
with having your self and Ancestors Reproached with the 
slander of being dissenting brethren. The godly New- 
England Planters pretended no Separation, but what the 
2. Cor. 6. 17.18. did command, and justify, and Encour- 
age. I take that portion of the Divine Oracles, to be 
New-England's Magna Charta : Let us keep to it, and we 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 419 

are safe. Solomon had an Excellent Mother; and yet 
for Solomon to have applauded, or excused, or imitated 
all her Actions, would have been highly injurious to the 
Kingdom, himself, and her. To imitate her Vertues; 
^Acknowledge her as his dearest Mother ; and at the same 
time to keep at the greatest Distance from her Lapses ; 
was mutually their Truest Honor. The Boast that your 
neighbour Brown and others make of their Bettering 
themselvs in their present Change ; is but Laodicean 
Talk, which they will shortly be asham'd of. 

You had best quickly go to Mr. Webster, and make 
your Visit before your intentions be known. If it take 
Aer, you will be in danger of being prevented, or much 
hindred. Accept of Mr. Vincent's Explanation of the 
Assembly's Catechisme ; And present the Epistles to Mr. 
Ordway the father, in my name with my Service. I thank 
you for your kind AflFection to my dear Kinsman. He 
was carried to Rest in his Grave Febr. 27. the day your 
neighbour Bayley was presenting the Petition to the Govf 
signd by himself, and 21. more, of which Abraham Merril, 
and Joshua Brown were two. We had need pray mutu- 
ally one for another, that we may not be led into Temp- 
tation ! I am Sir, 

your friend and Serv? S. S.^ 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO VADGN CLEMENT. 

To Mr. Vaugn Clement at Newbury^ inclosing what I received from 
Mr. James Wadsworth of Durham Connecticut. 

March 18, n\\. 

Sir, — Mr. Wadsworth's Letter to you ; which was 
opened by the opening of mine, as you see ; the Sealed 
Letter, and the Copy of your Brother's Will were inclosed 

^ The preceding letters show how sincerely Sewall deprecated the inroads 
which the Episcopalians were making in the Puritan Church, — a feeling 
which was kept alive all through New England colonial history by the efforts 
of the Anglican hierarchy. — Eds. 



420 LETTER-BOOK OP SAMUEL SEWALL. 

to me ; which I receivd of the Messenger yesterday, and 
have put them mider this Cover. I intend to send them 
by Mr. Noyes the Deputy of Newbury. I wish you Joy of 
the Legacies your Brother has kindly given you ; and that 
by the death of our dear Relations, we may be awakened 
effectually to prepare for our own. 

I am Sir, your friend and Serv* 

Samuel Sewall. 



PROCLAMATION OF GOV. JOSEPH DUDLEY ALLOWING THE 
ESTABLISHMENT OF AN EPISCOPAL CHURCH AT NEWBURY. 

Boston; 28. Febr. 17^. 

I receivd yesterday an Address and Petition signed by 
22. persons Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Town of 
Newbury, setting forth that they were declared members 
of the Episcopal Cfih of England as by Law established ; 
and that they have raised a building for the Service of 
God, according to the mailer of Worship prescribed in the 
said Cfih : Desiring Protection and Encouragement therein, 
accordingly : And that they have addressed the right Rev- 
erend the Bishop of London, to have a Minister sent to 
them; and that thereupon they may not be obliged to 
contribute to the Subsistence of the other Ministers of 
any other profession ; as at large is set forth in the said 
Petition. 

I am also further informed by the Rever? Mr. Harris^ 
one of the Ministers of the Ctlh of Engl? in this place, 
That at their desire he visited and preached to that new 
Congregation, and had a very considerable Auditory ; and 
that he shall continue so to doe, untill their said Address 
to the L? Bp. of London, shall be considered, and Order 
given therein. 

I am thereupon of Opinion that the said petitioners, 

^ Rev. Henry Harris, assistant minister of Qaeen's Chapel (as it was 
called duiing this reign) Boston. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 421 

and others that join with them, ought to be peaceably Al- 
lowed in their Lawful! proceedings therein for their good 
establishment; and ought not to be Taxed or imposed 
upon for the Suport and Maintenance of any other public 
Worship in the said Town : Of which I desire all persons 
to take notice accordingly. 

Given under my hand 

J. Dudley. 
To Her Majs Justices of 

the Peace for the County 
of Essex, Massachusets Bay. 

A true Copy. 

N. 28? 1-? 1712. 
Perceiving that some of the Ceremonies 



were Camels too big for them at first to Swallow, told 
them that they should be left to their Liberty; as to 
kneeling at the Sacrament, Baptising with the Sign of 
the Cross &c. This has been wonderfully taking with 
them, and a great means to encourage them in their 
factious proceedings. 

His Excellency's Opinion in this point has 

strangly elated the Spirit and Courage of our Apostat 
Brethren, and by this means they expect their number 
will be greatly increased. Of which there would be little 
reason to be afraid, if our Rulers had the Courage to stand 
by their own Establisht Laws ; in standing by which they 
may expect that GOD will own, bless, and prosper them. — 
But if through a Spirit of Cowardise they shrink in their 
Shoulders, and are afraid to appear for Christ, and the 

Interest of Religion among us, then Why 

does he direct it to the Justices, unless he meant his Opin- 
ion should be a Law to them ? But is his Opinion the 
Law of the Province ? GOD forbid that it should ! 
To C. Mr D.D. C. T.^ 

^ This criticism of the foregoing proclamation may have been written by 
Christopher Toppan. — Eds. 



422 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 



SAMUEL SEWALL TO JEREMLiH DUMMEB. 

To Jeremiah Dufner Esqr. Agent. 

Boston, N. E. April 22, 1712. 

Sir, — I acknowledged your good Services in bringing 
forward the Company's Purchase of my Lord Limmerick's ^ 
Interest on Martha's Vinyard, in my Letter to Sir William 
Ashhurst. I come now to renew my Thanks to you for 
those Good Services. As soon as was possible, I perfected 
the conveyance according to our Law. The actual going 
on the place was deferr'd till the Spring ; and now again 
to the Summer-time, when the Surveyor Pitchd upon may 
be obtained. One of the Parchments is duely Recorded 
at the Office in Edgartown in Duke's county, and lyes 
there in a readiness for the Taking Livery, and seisin ac- 
cording to the Tenor of it. I earnestly desired to have 
gon from Plimouth last March, and thereby Saved so 
much riding : but could not bring my marks to bear. 

Though it be something with latest {annus obit) yet 'tis 
more easy asking your Condolence of our Losses by the 
October Fire, now we have the pleasure of seeing persons 
begin to build the wast-places, especially those of publick 
concern, the Court-House ; and Meeting-House. In our 
Boston Library several valuable Books were lost, as the 
Polyglott Bible, the London Criticks, Thuanus's History, 
a Manuscript in two Folios left by Capt : Keyn the Founder ; 
&c.^ The ancient Halberts that were formerly carried 
before the Govemour, were now prepared for their urn ; 
and the chair of the present Governour. (I will not 

^ Thomas Dungan, second Earl of Limerick in the peerage of Ireland, of 
the first creation, and Governor of New York. He died in 1715. — Eds. 

^ Though the existence of a public library in Boston as early as 1674, and 
the bequest of Captain Robert Keayne for such an institution in 1653 are 
noted in the Memorial History of Boston, Vol. IV. 279, Sewall's letter is, 
perhaps, the only positive statement that it suffered in the fire of 1711. Ref- 
erence to the Boston Library may be found in the seventh report of the Record 
Commissioners, 162, and in the eleventh, 26, 37, 185. — Eds. 



LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 423 

mention the Councellors Seats) a good Clock ; and which 
was more worth, the Queen's Arms. Our Lieut. Governour 
in his Passage hither, saw the Light of the Fire off at sea. 
I received 20 £ p annum for a house then bumd, that 
Seth Dwight kept shop in; which is now reduced to Ten 
Pound a year Ground-Rent. Our Acommodations are 
altered, diminished, destroyed ; to put us in mind of seek- 
ing a Better and surer situation. I have inclosed a case, 
upon which I intreat you humbly to ask the Advice of 
my Lord Chief Justice Parker,^ or Sir Peter King;^ or of 
whom you shall think most convenient; and send the 
resolution by the first opportunity. Because the next 
Term, which will be in March, 1713, it will again come 
under consideration. Your Defence of New England re- 
specting the Canada Expedition is very well Accepted. 
Tis reprinted here, and so many of them sell, that the 
Printer hopes to be a considerable gainer.® I am glad the 
Truth and Justice of our Cause met with so strong a De- 
fender to maintain and plead it. Praying GOD to accom- 
pany and assist you in your Appearances for the Province, 
I take leave, who am. Sir your 

loving Cousin and most humble Serv? S. S. 



MEMORANDUM. 



At the Plimouth Assizes, March 25, 1712, Mehetabel 
an Indian Girl was indicted for Felonious Burning her 
Master Little's Dwelling House ; and was by the Jury of 
Trials found Guilty. As I remember, before the Jury 
went on the Trial, somthing was said to her Age. And 
when she was Afterward asked by the Court whether she 

^ Sir Thomas Parker, Lord Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench ; after- 
wards Lord Chancellor and Earl of Macclesfield. — Eds. 

' Sir Peter King» Recorder of Ix)ndon» afterwards T-«ord Chancellor. — Eds. 

* Sabin notices the London edition of 1712, but not the Boston re-print of 
which Sewall speaks. — Eds. 



424 LETTER-BOOK OF SAMUEL SEWALL. 

had any thing to say why Sentence of Condemnation 
should not pass upon her ; Her Master pleaded, that she 
was under the Age of Sixteen years, and therefore not 
within our Act,^ the words of which are, "If any &c 

Nothing of her Age was mentiond in the 

Indictment: But our Act was given to the Jury when 
they went upon her Trial. 

The Question is, whether the Jiu-y's Verdict doe not 
Supply the Age, so that there is now no room left to 
make any further inquiry about it? 

It doth not appear that any certain Age of Discretion 
is fixed for persons that stand chargd with Capital Crimes : 
But that it is rather left to the court to determin/?ro re nata. 

Felonious Burning is a Capital Crime by the Comon 
Law of England, and that of a very hainous nature. 
3 Edw. 1. 15. 

The Fact was comitted June, 1711. The Justice who 
writ her Examination presently after writes her about 
Seventeen years of Age. The Indenture which her Mas- 
ter shewd forth too late, after the Trial, runs thus, viz 
" This Indenture made the Sixth day of April, 1703, be- 
" tween John Otis of Barnstable, and an Indian Girl of 
" the Town aforesaid of about Seven years old, named 
Mehetabel, for the Term and space of Thirteen years 
and three Moneths from the day of the date hereof." 
This is the state of the cause wherein Direction is humbly 
Requested. By Samuel Sewall. 

Mehetabel remains in Prison uncondemned. 

p Capt. Kent. 

1 p. 287. 



6i 



END OF VOL. I. 



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Stanford Univenity Library 

Stanford, California 



In order that others iiuij ate tliU book, 
return it at toon at potdhle, but aot later 
the date doflb' 






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