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Full text of "Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society"

Gc 

974.6 

C769c 

V.18 GENEALOGY COLLECTION 

1128507 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC UBRARY 



3 1833 00084 7951 



GENEALOGY 
97^.6 
C769C 
V.18 



COLLECTIONS 



Connecticut Historical Society 



Volume XVIII 



HARTFORD 

PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY 

1920 



Printed by 

The Hartford Printing Co., 

(elihu geer sons) 

i6 State Street, Hartford, Conn. 



112S50? 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY 

Elected May 27, 1919 



President, GEORGE C. F. WILLIAMS. 



Vice- 
Presidents, 



FRANK FARNSWORTH STARR, Middletown. 

MORRIS W. SEYMOUR, Bridgeport. 

E. STEVENS HENRY, Ruckville. 

SIMEON E. BALDWIN, New Haven. 

CARL STOECKEL, Norfolk. 
J CLARENCE W. BOWEN, Woodstock. 
/ FRANK B. BRANDEGEE, New London, 
(morgan B. BRAINARD, Hartford. 



Recording Secretary, 

Corresponding Seckeiakv, 

Treasurer, 

Likrarian, 

Auditor, 



Membership Committee, 



Library Committee, 



Publication Committke, 



Committee on 

Monthly Papek 



ALBERT C. BATES. 
FRANCIS PARSONS. 
JOHN FELT MORRIS. 
ALBERT C. BATES. 
EDGAR F. WATERMAN. 

■ GEORGE C. F. WILLIAMS, ex officio. 
LEVERETT BELKNAP. 
JANE T. SMITH. 
ALBERT C. BATES. 
GEORGE S. GODARD. 
HENRY A. CASTLE. 
EDWIN P. TAYLOR. 
F. CLARENCE BISSELL. 

GEORGE C. F. WILLIAMS, ex officio. 
FRANCIS H. PARKER. 
LUCIUS B. BARBOUR. 
EDWIN P. PIPER. 

GEORGE C. F. WILLIAMS, ex officio. 
ALBERT C. BATES. 
E. STANLEY WELLES. 
FORREST MORGAN. 



J A 



HARLES G. WOODWARD. 
ARTHUR L. SHIPMAN. 
1 GEORGE L. CLARK.* 



THE FITCH PAPERS 



Correspondence and Documents 



DURING 



Thomas Pitch's Governorship 



OF THE 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT 
17H-1766 



Volume II 
January 1759— May 1766 



HARTFORD 

CONNECTICUT HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

1920 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Preface, xxiii 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, Jan. 8, 1759. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5, LIV. 61, i 

Andrew Oliver to Thomas Fitch, about Jan. 10, 1759. Refer- 
ence, 2 

Andrew Oliver to Thomas Fitch, Jan. 15, 1759, Roger Wolcott 

Papers, II. 157, 2 

Thomas Fitch to Joseph Talcott (A. L. S.), Jan. 22, 1759. 

Roger Wolcott Papers, I, 190, 3 

Thomas Fitch to Andrew Oliver, Jan. 22, 1759. Reference, . 4 

William Pitt to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Feb. 5, 1759. 
Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, I. 
140 4 

Andrew Oliver to Joseph Talcott (A. L. S.), Feb. 7, 1759. 

Roger Wolcott Papers, I, 192, 5 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Feb. 16, 1759. Reference, . 5 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, Feb. 19, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LIV. 255, 5 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, Feb. 23, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LIV. 467, 6 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, March 6, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LIV. 471, 7 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, March 25, 1759. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5, LIV. 475 9 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, March 30, 1759. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5, LIV. 759 10 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, April 6, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LIV. 763 12 

Thomas Fitch to William Pitt (A. L. S.), April 16, 1759. Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, I, 142, . 13 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, April 23, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LV. 161 16 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, April 24, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LV. 165, 17 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, April 26, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LV. 169 18 

Thomas Fitch to Anthony Van Dam. Reference, ... 19 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, May 9, 1759. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5, LV. 173- 19 



CONTENTS. 



Pag-e 



Anthony Van Dam to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), May 15, 1759. 

Fitch Papers, 40 20 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, May 21, 1759'. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LV. 177 20 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, May 26, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5. LV. 181 22 

Thomas Fitch to William Pitt (A. L. S.), July 14, 1759. Fitch. 

Papers, 41, 24 

John Law to Richard Law (A. L. S.), July 30, 1759. Ernest 

Law Papers 25 

Nathan Whiting to Jonathan Trumble (A. L. S.), Aug. 3, 1759. 

Fitch Papers, 42 26 

Phineas Lyman to Jonathan Trumble (A. L. S. ), Sept. i, 1759. 

Fitch Papers, 43, 27 

Nathaniel Porter to Jonathan Trumble (A. L. S. ), Oct. i, 1759. 

Fitch Papers, 44, ... 28 

Commanding Officers to Jeffrey Amherst, Nov. 10, 1759. Pub- 
lic Record Office: C. O., 5. LVIL iii 29 

Jeffrey Amherst to Commanding Officers, Nov. 10, 1759. Pub- 
lic Record Office: C. O.. 5, LVIL 115 30 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con- 
necticut (L. S.), Nov. 13, 1759. Massachusetts Historical 
Society: Trumbull Papers, L 144, 32 

Second Regiment — Col. Nathan Whiting (Roll of two Compa- 
nies), Nov. 20, 1759. Public Record Office: Treasury, 64, 
XXII. 25, 33 

Third Regiment — Col. David Wooster (Roll of five Compa- 
nies), Nov. 20, 1759. Public Record Office: Treasury, 64, 
XXII. 25, 34 

Fourth Regiment — Col. Eleazer Fitch (Roll of four Compa- 
nies), Dec. 2, 1759. Public Record Office: Treasury, 64, 
XXII. 25 3S 

Return of Men not Mustered. Public Record Office: Treas- 
ury, 64, XXII. 25, 40 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Dec. 13, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIL 247 42 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, Dec. 20, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIL 381 45 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Dec. 24, 1759. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O.. 5. LVIL 385, 47 

William Pitt to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Jan. 7, 1760. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. i, 47 

Jeffrey Amherst to Colony of Connecticut, Feb. 14, 1760. Pub- 
lic Record Office: C. O., 5. LVIL 813 50 



CONTENTS. 



1760 



Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Feb. 21, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LVII. 515, 

Appointment of Richard Jackson as Agent, March 24 

Public Record Office: C. C, 324, LX. 385, . 
Instructions to Richard Jackson (A. D. of Jonathan Trumble) 

Fitch Papers, 31, 

Instructions to Jared IngersoU (A. D. of Jonathan Trumble) 

Fitch Papers, 32, 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, March 28. 1760. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5, LVIII. 121 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Apr, r, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIII. 125 

Thomas Fitch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 

(A. L. S.), April 10, 1760. Fitch Papers, 45, 
Thomas Fitch to William Pitt (A. L. S.), April 11, 1760. Fitch 

Papers, 46, 



Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, April 12, 1760. Reference 

Thomas Fitch to Jared IngersoU. Reference, . 

Thomas Fitch to Phineas Lyman. Reference, . 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, April 20, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIII. 129, 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, April 25, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIII. 133, 

Jonathan Acklom to Duke of Newcastle, April 26, 1760. British 

Museum: Additional Manuscripts, 32905, folio 107, 
Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, April 27, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIII. 137, 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, May 11, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIII. 517, 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, May 23, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIII. 665 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, June i, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LVIII. 669 

Jared IngersoU to John Pownall, June 2, 1760. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXV. 43, 

Jared IngersoU's Memorandum to the Commissioners for Tradt 

and Plantations, June 2, 1760. Public Record Office 

C. O., 5, MCCLXXV. 44 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, June 13, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5. LVIII. 673, 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, June 16, 1760. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LIX. 113 

Cadwallader Colden to Thomas Fitch, Aug. 4, 1760. New 

York Historical Society CoUections 1876, 2, 



XU CONTENTS. 

Page 

William Pitt to Colony of Connecticut (L. S. ), Aug. 23, 1760. 

Council Orders, 72, ........ 76 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Aug. 26, 1760. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LIX. 211 78 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Sept. 9, 1760. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LIX. 287, 79 

John Pownall to Colony of Connecticut (A. L. S.), Oct. 18, 1760. 

Fitch Papers, 47, Si 

John Pownall to Colony of Connecticut (A. L. S.), Oct. 29, 1760. 

Council Orders, 73, S2 

Thomas Life's Appointment, Oct. 30, 1760. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 324. LX. 386, 82 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con- 
necticut (A. L. (of John Pownall) S.), Oct. 31, 1760. Coun- 
cil Orders, 74 , . . . . 83 

Privy Council to Colony of Connecticut (L. S. ), Oct. 31, 1760. 

Council Orders, 75 ; 84 

Form for Proclaiming the King. Council Orders, 76, . . 85 

Royal Instruction to Connecticut, Oct. 31, 1760. Council Orders, 

77. 8^ 

John Law to Joseph Pitkin (A. L. S.), Nov. 12, 1760. Ernest 

Law 87 

Thomas Fitch to William Pitt (A. L. S.), Nov. 20, 1760. Fitch 

Papers, 48, 87 

Connecticut's Address to the King. Reference, ... 88 

Colony of Connecticut to Jeffrey Amherst. Reference, . . 89 

William Pitt to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Dec. 17, 1760. 

Massachusett's Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, IL 2, 89 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Jan. I, 1761. Reference, . 91 

Proclamation Proclaiming King George III (D. S.), Jan. 22, 

1761. Connecticut Historical Society, 92 

Thomas Fitch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 

(A. L. S.), Jan. 28, 1761- Fitch Papers, 49, ... 93 

Thomas Fitch to John Pownall (A. L. S.), Jan. 28, 1760. Fitch 

Papers, 50, 95 

James Hamilton to Thomas Fitch, Feb. 10, 1761. Colonial 

Records of Pennsylvania, VIII. 568 96 

Commissioners of Customs to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), Feb. 12, 

1761. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers. 

II. 6 99 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, March 15, 1761. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5, LX. 437 99 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, March 20, 1761. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5, LX. 503 103 



CONTENTS. Xin 

Page 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, March 22, 1761. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5, LX. 507, 104 

William Pitt to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), March 24, 1761. Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, I, 145. . loO 

Thomas Filch to Jeffrey Amherst, April 9, 1761. Public Rec- 
ord Office ; C. O., 5, LXI. in 107 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, April 15, 1761. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LXI. 115, . . . . . . 109 

Thomas Fitch to William Pitt (A. L. S.), April 25, 1761. Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 8, . in 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, April 26, 1761. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., LXI. 119, 112 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con- 
necticut (L. S.), April 28, 1761. Massachusetts Historical 
Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 7, 113 

Heads of Enquiry. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trum- 
bull Papers, II. 11, 114 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffery Amherst, May i, 1761. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5, LXI. 123 117 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, May 2, 1761. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5, LXI. 127, iig 

John Cleveland to John Pownall, May 4, 1761. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5. MCCLXXVI. 9 119 

Jared Ingersoll to Commissioners of the Admiralty, March 27, 

1761. Public Record Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXVI. II, . 120 

Benning Wentworth to Roger Wolcott, May 15, 1755. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXVI. 15, .... 122 

Thomas Fitch to James Hamilton, May 7, 1761. Pennsylvania 

Colonial Records, VIII. 626, ....... 124 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, May 17, 1761. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LXI. 675 126 

John Pov?nall to John Cleveland, May 26, 1761. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5, MCCXCVI. i 127 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, May 30, 1761. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LXI. 679 . . 128 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, June 15, 1761. Reference, . 130 

Jonathan Trumble to Colonel Fitch, (A. L.), June 18, 1761. 

Fitch Papers, 53, . , 130 

Jared Ingersoll to Samuel Martin, June 29, 1761. Public Rec- 
ord Office: Treasury, i, 377, 63, 131 

William Pitt to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), July 8, 1761. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 9, 134 

Nathan Whiting to Jonathan Trumble (A. L. S.), July 14, 1761. 

Connecticut Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, . . 134 

Thpmas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, July 16, 1761. Reference, . 136 



CONTENTS. 



John Pownall to Colony of Connecticut (A. L. S.), July 21, 

1761. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 

II. 10 

Jared IngersoU to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Aug. 10, 1761 

Agents Letters, 81, 

Cadwallader Colden to Thomas Fitch, Aug. 10, 1761. New 

York Historical Society Collections, IX. 102, 
William Pitt to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), vSept. 11, 1761 

JIassachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 12 
William Pitt to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Sept. 28, 1761 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 13 
Royal Instruction to Connecticut (D. S.), Sept. 29, 1761. Mas 

sachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II, 14, 
Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Oct. 9, 1761 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 15, 
Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Oct. 11, 1761. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5. LXI. 963, 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, Oct. 19, 1761. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5, LXI. 1073 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Oct. 27, 1761. Public Rec 

ord Office: C. O., 5. LXI. 1077, 

Invalids in Col. Phineas Lyman's Regiment, Nov. 17, 1761 

Public Record Office: Treasury, 64, XXII. 28, . 
Invalids in Col. Nathan Whiting's Regiment, Nov. 17 

Public Record Office: Treasury, 64, XXII. 28, . 
First Regiment — Col. Phineas Lyman, Nov. 23, 1761. Public 

Record Office: Treasury, 64, XXII. 28, ... 

Second Regiment — Col. Nathan Whiting, Nov. 23, 1761. Pub 

lie Record Office: Treasury, 64, XXII. 28, ... 
Sir William Johnson to Thomas Fitch, Dec. 10, 1761. Refer 

ence, 

Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Dec. 12 

1761. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 

IL 16 



Page 



1761 



Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S. ), Dec. 12 
1761. Massachusetts Historical Society : Trumbull Papers 
II. 17 



Proclamation by Governor Fitch (A. D. ). Massachusetts His 
torical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 26, ... 

Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Jan. 7 
1762. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 
II. 20 



Thomas Fitch to Earl of Egremont (A. L. S.) Jan. 8, 1762, 
Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 21 



CONTENTS. 



Mather Byles, Jr., to Mather Byles (A. L. S.), Feb. 8, 1762 

Connecticut Historical Society, . . , . . 
Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Feb. q, 1762. Reference, 
Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Feb. 21, 1762. Reference 
Jeffrey Amhers't to Thomas Fitch, April 15, 1762. Reference 
Thomas Fitch to Earl of Egremont, April 15, 1762. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXX. 95, . . . 
Cad wall ader Colden to Thomas Fitch, April 28, 1762. New 

York Historical Society Collections, IX. 196, 
Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, May 5, 1762. Reference 
Jared IngersoU to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), May, 1762. Fitch 

Papers, 54, 

John Pownall to Colony of Connecticut (A. L. S.), June 11 

1762. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 

n. 23, . . • • . 

Nathan Whiting to Thomas Fitch, June 20, 1762. Reference 
Nathan Whiting to Thomas Fitch, June 25, 1762. Reference 
Stephen Sayre's Account of Susquehannah Company Affairs 

June 1762. Public Record Office: C. O.. 5, MCCLXXVI 

483, 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst. Reference, 

Nathan Whiting to Thomas Fitch, July i, 1762. Reference, 

Directions by Sir Jeffrey Amherst (A. D. S. of Mair), July 4 

1762. State Archives: War, X. loi, .... 
Appointment by Thomas Fitch (A. D. S.), July 6, 1762. State 

Archives War, X. 102, 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch. Reference, 

Philip Turner to Thomas Fitch, July 13, 1762. Reference, 

Thomas Fitch to Nathan Whiting, July 19, 1762. Historical 

Society of Pennsylvania: Copy 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, Aug. 4, 1762. Reference, 
Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S. ), Aug. 14 

1762. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 

H. 24 

Thomas Fitch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 

Sept. 7, 1762. Public Record Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXVI 

497 

Answers to Heads of Inquiry, 1762. Public Record Office 

C. O., 5, MCCLXXVI. 501, 

Royal Instructions to Colony of Connecticut (D. S.), Oct. i 

1762. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 

II. 27, 

Thomas Fitch's Bill (A. D., S.) Oct. 1762. State Archives 

Finance & Currency, IV. 373, 



XVI CONTENTS. 

Page 
V. Gardner to Mustering Officer, Nov. 15, 1762. Public Record 

Office: Treasury, 64, XXII. 29 220 

Nathan Whiting's Orders, Nov. 14, 1762. Public Record Office: 

Treasury, 64, XXII. 29 221 

Roll of Captain Joseph Hait's Company, Nov. 21, 1762. Public 

Record Office: Treasury, 64, XXII. 29, .... 221 

Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Nov. 22, 

1762. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, 

II. 29 222 

Earl of Egremont to Jeffrey Amherst, Jan. 27, 1763. Public 

Record Office: C. O.. 5, CCXIV. 613 223 

Earl of Egremont to Thomas Fitch, Jan. 27, 1763. Fitch 

Papers, 55 224 

Sir William Johnson to Thomas Fitch. Reference, . . . 226 

Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Feb. iS, 

1763. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, 

II. 31 226 

Report of Committee of Council, March 3, 1763. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5. MCCLXXIV. 515 227 

Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), March 26, 
1763. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, 
II. 33, 228 

Joseph Sluman to Jonathan Trumble (A. L. S.), April i, 1763. 

Fitch Papers, 56, 229 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, April 10, 1763. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LXIII. 69, 229 

Jeffrey Amherst to Earl of Egremont, April 12, 1763. Public 

Record Office: C. O., 5. LXIII. 51, 231 

Nathan Whiting to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), April 14, 1763. 

State Archives: War, X. 117 231 

Thomas Fitch to Sir William Johnson. Reference, . . . 232 

Committee for Trade and Plantations to Committee of Council 
for Plantation Affairs, April 27, 1763. Public Record Office: 
C. O., 5, MCCXCVI. 15, 233 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con- 
necticut, April 29, 1763. Massachusetts Historical Society: 
Trumbull Papers, II. 35, 234 

Royal Instruction to Connecticut. Massachusetts Historical 

Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 39 235 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con- 
necticut (L. S.), April 29, 1763. Massachusetts Historical 
Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 34, 236 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, May 4, 1763. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5, LXIII. 109 237 



CONTENTS. 



Order of Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs, May ii, 
1763. Public Record Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXVI. 527, . 

Stephen Hopkins to Thomas Fitch, May 26, 1763. Reference, 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Committee of 
Council for Plantation Affairs, May 30, 1763. Public Rec 
ordOfiice: C. O., 5, MCCXCVI. 19 

Proceedings of the King in Council, June 15, 1763. Public Rec 
ord Office: C. O., 5, XXIII. 465 

Royal Instruction to Colony of Connecticut, June 15, 1763 
Council Orders, 92, 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, June 17, 1763. Public Rec 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LXIII. 237 

Thomas Fitch to Stephen Hopkins, June 21, 1763. Rhode 
Island Colonial Records, VI. 364, 

Thomas Fitch to Jeffrey Amherst, June 24, 1763. Public Rec 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LXIII. 273 

Jeffrey Amherst to Thomas Fitch, June 26, 1763. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, LXIII. 277 

Earl of Egremont to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), July 9 
1763. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 
II. 38 

Thomas Fitch to James Hamilton, Sept. 1763. Reference, 

Thomas Fitch to Earl of Egremont (A. L. S.), Sept. 14, 1763 
Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II 
¥>, ..." 

Thomas Fitch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 
Sept. 15, 1763. Public Record Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXVI, 

639 • 

Stephen Hopkins to Thomas Fitch, Sept. 27, 1763. Reference 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con 
necticut (L. S.) Sept. 28, 1763. Massachusetts Historical 
Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 42, .... 

Thomas Fitch to Stephen Hopkins, Oct. 4, 1763. Rhode 
Island Colonial Records, VI. 373, .... 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con 
necticut (L. S. ), Oct. 10, 1763. Massachusetts Historical 
Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 43, . . . . , 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con 
necticut (L. S. ), Oct. 11, 1763. Massachusetts Historical 
Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 44, 

Earl of Halifax to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Oct. 19, 1763 
Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II 
44a 

Thomas Fitch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, Nov 
10, 1763. Public Record Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXVI. 651 



XVll 
Page 



237 
238 



XVlll CONTENTS. 

Page 

Thomas Gage to Thomas Fitch, Dec. 6, 1763. Reference, . 259 

Thomas Fitch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, 
Dec. 9, 1763. Public Record Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXVI. 
655, " 259 

Thomas Gage to Thomas Fitch, Jan. 3, 1764. Reference, . 260 

Boston Merchants to New London Merchants (L. S.), Jan. g, 

1764. State Archives: Revolutionary War, I. i, . . 261 

Raport of Committee of the General Assembly (D. S.), July 19, 

1764. State Archives: War, X. 194 274 

Memorial to the General Assembly, Jan. 20, 1764. State Ar- 
chives: Revolutionary War: I. 3, 275 

Thomas Fitch to Thomas Gage, Jan. 30, 1764. Public Record 

Office: C. O., 5, LXXXIH. 109, 276 

Remarks on the Trade of the Colonies, Jan. 1764. State Ar- 
chives: Revolutionary War, I. 4, 277 

Richard Jackson to Colony of Connecticut, March 10, 1764. 

Reference, 279 

Thomas Fitch to Earl of Halifax (A. L. S.), March 23, 1764. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II, 47, 279 

Commissioners of Customs to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), April 12, 
1764. Massachusetts Historical Society ; Trumbull Papers, 
II. 49, 2S0 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con- 
necticut (L. S.), May 11, 1764. Massachusetts Historical 
Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 51, 281 

Resolve of House of Commons, April 5, 1764. Massachusetts 

Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 48, . . . 281 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con- 
necticut, May II, 1764. Reference, 282 

List of Acts of Parliament. Massachu.setts Historical Society: 

Trumbull Papers, II. 54, 2S2 

Thomas Fitch to Richard Jackson. Reference, . . . 284 

Committee of Massachusetts House of Representatives to 
Thomas Fitch (?) (L. S.), June 25, 1764. State Archives: 
Revolutionary War, I. 16, 284 

Earl of Halifax to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), July 14, 1764. Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 56, . 285 

Prince Masseran to Earl of Halifax, June 18, 1764. Massachu- 
setts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 52, . . 286 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch, July 27, 1764. Reference, . 287 

Earl of Halifax to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Aug. 11, 1764. 

Council Orders, 78, 287 

Earl of Halifax to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Aug. 11, 1764. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 57, 289 



CONTENTS. XIX 

Page 
Earl of Halifax to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Aug. ii, 1764. 

Massachusetts Historical Society : Trumbull Papers, II, 58. 289 

Richard Jackson to Thomas P'itch, Aug. 13, 1764. Reference, 290 

Thomas Fitch to Richard Jackson, Sept. 22, 1764. Reference, 290 

Rhode Island General Assembly's Committee to George Wyllys 

(L. S.), Oct. 8, 1764. State Archives: Revolutionary War, 

I. 18, 2QO 

Report of Committee of the General Assembly (D. S.), Oct. 31, 

1764. State Archives: Revolutionary War, I. 13, . . 292 
Thomas Fitch to Pygan Adams, Nov. 10, 1764. Reference, . 294 
Thomas Fitch to Earl of Halifax (A. L. S.), Nov. 13, 17C4. 

Fitch Papers, 58, 294 

Thomas Fitch to Earl of Halifax (A. L. S.), Nov. 13, 1764. 

Fitch Papers, 57, 296 

List of Instruments used in Public Transactions. Public Rec- 
ord Office: C. O., 5, MCCLXXX. 118, .... 296 
Thomas Fitch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 

(A. L. S.), Nov. 14, 1764. Fitch Papers, 59, . . . 298 

Account of Bills of Credit. Reference 300 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Nov. 27, 1764. 

Fitch Papers, 60, 300 

Thomas Fitch to Richard Jackson (A. L. S.), Dec. 7, 1764. 

Massachusetts Historical Society : Trumbull Papers, II, 59, 303 

Colony of Connecticut to Parliament. Reference, . . . 307 

Thomas Fitch to Jared IngersoU. Reference, .... 307 

Thomas Gage to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), Dec. 7, 1764. Fitch 

Papers, 61 308 

Pygan Adams to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S. ), Dec. 13, 1764. 

Fitch Papers, 62 309 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Dec. 14, 1764. 

Fitch Papers, 63, 311 

Thomas Fitch to Thomas Gage (A. L. S.), Dec. 20, 1764. 

Fitch Papers, 64 312 

Robert Clelland to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Dec. 26, 1764. 

Fitch Papers, 65 . . 313 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Feb. g, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 66, 316 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. (in part) L. S.), Feb. 9, 

1765. Fitch Papers, 67, 316 

Jared IngersoU to Thomas Fitch, Feb, 11, 1765. New Haven 

Colony Historical Society Papers, IX. 306, . . . 317 

Cadwallader Colden to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), Feb. 12, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 68 327 

Jared IngersoU to Richard Law (A. L. S.), Feb. 15, 1765. 

Ernest Law, 328 



XX CONTENTS. 

Page 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury Records. Ernest Law, . 329 

Thomas Fitch to Cadwallader Colden (A. L. S.), Feb. 22, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 69, ........ . 330 

Thomas Fitch to Richard Jackson, Feb. 25, 1765. Reference, 331 

Francis Bernard to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), March 4, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 70, 331 

Jared Ingersoll to Thomas Fitch, March 6, 1765. New Haven 

Colony Historical Society Papers, IX. 315, . . . 332 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), March 9, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 71, 340 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S. ), April 13, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 72, 342 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A, L. S.), April iq, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 74, 343 

Merchants' Petition to the General Assembly (D. S.). State 

Archives: Trade & Maritime Affairs, H. 79, . . . 345 

Memorial to the General Assembly (D. S.), May 1765. State 

Archives: Trade & Maritime Affairs, H. 80, . . . 347 

Francis Bernard to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), May 31, 1765. Fitch 

Papers, 73 348 

William Henry Lyttleton to Francis Bernard, April 9, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 73, 349 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), June 5, 1765. 

Fitch Papers, 75, 349 

James Murray to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), June 29, 1765. Fitch 

Papers, 76 352 

Henry Seymour Conway to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), July 

12, 1765. Council Orders, 79, 353 

Account of Bills of Exchange Drawn on the Colony's Agent. 

Roger Wolcott Papers, I. 191, 353 

Thomas Fi^ch to Richard Jackson, July 29, 1765. Reference, 354 

Henry Seymour Conway to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Aug. 

10, 1765. Council Orders, 80, 354 

Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Colony of Con- 
necticut (L. S.), Aug. 23, 1765. Massachusetts Historical 

Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 60, 354 

Jonathan Trumble to Thomas Fitch (A. L.). Massachusetts 

Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, XX. 388a, . . 355 

Thomas Fitch to William Pitkin, Sept. 12, 1765. Pennsylvania 

Historical Society 356 

Charles Lowndes to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), Sept. 14, 1765. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 70, 356 

Cadwallader Colden to Jared Ingersoll, Sept. 14, 1765. New 

York Historical Society: Collections, X. 32, ... 357 



CONTENTS. 



Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Oct. 3, 1765 
Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 61 

Thomas Fitch to Henry Seymour Conway (A. L. S.), Oct. 7 
1765. Fitch Papers, 77, 

Duties Collected in Connecticut, 1 764-1 765. Public Record 
Office: Treasury, I. 430, 

Henry S. Conway to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), Oct, 24 
1765. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 
II. 66 



Memorial to the General Assembly (D. S.), Oct. 1765. State 

Archives: Revolutionary War, I. 34, . 
Colony of Connecticut to Richard Jackson, Oct. 1765. Colonial 

Records, XII. 420 

David Colden to Jared Ingersoll. Oct. 2S, 1765. New York 

Historical Society: Collections, X. 52, . 
Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Nov. 9, 1765 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II, 63 
Thomas Fitch to Henry Seymour Conway (A. L. S.), Nov. 

1765. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers 

II. 67 

Thomas Fitch to Richard Jackson (A. L. S.), Nov. 13, 1765 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 64 
Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Nov. 14, 1765 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II, 65 
Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Nov. 15, 1765 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II 

^sVo 

Sir Henry Moore to Thomas Fitch, Dec. i, 1765. Reference, , 
Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Dec. 14, 1765. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 69 
Thomas Fitch to Commissioners for Trade and Plantation? 

(A. L. S.), Dec. .18, 1765. Fitch Papers, 78, . , 

Thomas Fitch to Sir Henry Moore (A. L. S.), Dec. 20, 1765 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 73 
Thomas Fitch to Charles Lowndes (A. L. S.), Dec. 24, 1765, 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 71 
Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.). Massachusetts 

Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 81, . . , 
Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Jan. 11. 1766 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 74, 
Francis Bernard to Henry S. Conway, Jan. 19, 1766. State 

Paper Office: C. O., 5, DCCLV. 447, . . . • 
Sir Henry Moore to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), Feb. 24, 1766. Mas 

sachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 75, 



XXn CONTENTS. 

Page 
Thomas Fitch to Richard Jackson (A. L. S.), Feb. 26, 1766. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 76, 387 

Phineas Lyman to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Feb. 26, 1766. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 77, 38S 

Richard Jackson to Thomas Fitch (A. L. S.), Feb. 27, 1766. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 78, 390 

Henry S. Conway to Colony of Connecticut (L. S. ), March i, 

1766. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, 

n. 79. 391 

Charles Antrobus to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), March 3, 1766. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 80, 392 

Thomas Fitch to Sir Henry Moore (A. L. S. ), March 11, 1766. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 83, 393 

Thomas Fitch to Richard Jackson (A. L. S. ), March 14, 1766. 

Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II, 84, 396 

Henry S. Conway to Colony of Connecticut (L. S.), March 31, 
1766. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, 
II. 85 397 

Commissioners of Customs to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), April 12, 
1766. Massachusetts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, 
II. 86 400 

Grey Cooper to Thomas Fitch (L. S.), May 5, 1766. Massachu- 
setts Historical Society: Trumbull Papers, II. 99, . . 400 

Index, 403 



PREFACE. 



This the second volume of "The Fitch Papers" com- 
pletes the correspondence and documents, chiefly of an 
official nature, covering the period during which Thomas 
Fitch was governor of the Colony of Connecticut. 

It forms the eighth of the Society's volumes of "Col- 
lections " to contain the official correspondence and docu- 
ments of Connecticut, beginning with the election of Joseph 
Talcott as governor in October 1724 and continuing in 
unbroken sequence to May 1766. 

The originals of the documents printed in this volume 
are from the same sources as were noted in the preface to 
the first volume of "The Fitch Papers." Again the thanks 
of the Society are due and are hereby extended to the own- 
ers and custodians of the original manuscripts for their 
permission to use them ; not forgetting to make particular 
acknowledgment of special courtesies received in the pro- 
curing of copies from the Massachusetts Historical Society 
and the Connecticut State Library. Again also acknowledg- 
ment is made to Mr. Forrest Morgan, M. A., a member of 
the Publication Committee, for his frequent and willing aid 
and advice ; and recognition is made of the task accom- 
plished by Miss Alice M. Gay in making a large part of 
the copy for the printer. 

ALBERT C. BATES, 

Chairman of the Publication Conunittee 
and Editor of this Volume. 

The Society's Library, March 12, 1920 



FITCH PAPERS. 



THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK S^^ January 1759 
Sir 

Your having by Your Letter of the 29th of last Month 
Again recommended the raising new Levies for another 
Campaign, and considering the Encourageing Assuarances 
you have given of your Intentions in the most Effectual 
manner as well by offensive as Defensive Operations against 
the Common Enemy to prosecute the important Service 
the King and these Colonies have so much at heart. 

I have determined as Soon as conveniently may be to 
convince* the Assembly to lay before them the Several 
Matters contained in Your Letters, and Shall (unless Some 
Occurrance Should intervene to prevent it) recommend to 
their Serious Consideration the motion you have made, 
And perswade my self that Your known disposition to pro- 
mote His Majesty's Service and the special Reason the 
Assembly have to confide in your good Conduct will have 
great weight and Influence with them. 

I can't in the mean time but hope I may receive Some- 
thing particular in regard to the Service of this Year, in 
order not only the more Effectually to influence the Assem- 
bly in raising the Levies and making the necessary provi- 
tion for them with more propriety and Certainty but also to 
facilitate the Levies that may be Agreed to be raised, as it 
has been usual (as I before acquainted You) for the People 
to be made acquainted with the Service they are to Engage 
in. and as that is represented to them more or less Agreable 
to the humour prevailing in the Country so the Levies com- 
monly Succeed. 

I shall from time to time give you accounts of the Con- 
clusions come into, and the progress made in Consequence 

* Evidently a slip of the pen for convene. 



2 FITCH PAPERS. 

thereof. And I trust this Colony will not be wanting of its 
proper proportion nor be behind others in preparations 
according to its Ability for the common Service. 
I am Sir 

with very great respect 

your most Obedient and 
Most Humble Servant 

THQs FITCH 
[Indorsed] Copy A Letter from Gov^ Fitch To M. Gen. 
Amherst Janv S^h 1759 in M. G. Amherst of Janry 18'^ 
1759 

ANDREW OLIVER TO THOMAS FITCH. 
[Andrew Oliver of Boston wrote about January 10, 
1759, t*^ Governor Thomas Fitch, advising him of the re- 
ceipt of several chests of money from London, shipped by 
Mr. Partridge for the account of the colony of Connecticut. 
See letter from Oliver to Fitch of Jan. 15, 1759.] 

ANDREW OLIVER TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Boston 15 Janry 1759 
Sir 

I wrote your Honour last week by way of Springfield 
advising the receipt of Several Chests of Money by the Ship 
Happy Return Capt M^Taggart from London shipt pr M^ 
Patridge for Account of the Colony of Connecticut. I have 
received the said Chests into my Custody and delivered the 
Cap' his Bill of Lading; if your Hon^ has another come to 
Hand the shortest way of Discharging me would be by your 
sending that Indorsed when you send for the Money. I 
could then take up that Indorsed by me delivering the 
Captain that with your Honors Indorsement 
I am Sir your Honour's 

Most Obedient Humble Servant 

ANDR OLIVER 
Honbi Tho'' Fitch Esqf 
Copy 



THOMAS FITCH. 3 

THOMAS FITCH TO JOSEPH TALCOTT. 

NoRWALK 22^ Jaiiry 1759. 
Sir 

Yesterday I Received two Letters from Mr Partridge 
acquainting me he had Received the whole of the Colonys 
Money for the Expences in Supplying Provisions for the 
Troops in 1756. and that he had Shipped 14000 Ounces Sil- 
ver and 503 ounces three penny weight and 12^^'"^ Gold for 
Account of the Colony for Boston by the Ship Happy Re- 
turn Capt Peter McTaggart Commander consigned to Me and 
inclosed a Bill of Lading for it. I have also Received a 
Letter from Andrew Oliver Esqr (to whose Care the Money 
was to be Delivered in Boston) informing me that he had 
Received the Money into his Custody and indorsed one of 
the Bills to the Captain. Therefore as you are the proper 
Person to Receive the Colonys Money I have Assigned the 
Bill of Lading to you and have sent it by the Barer. And 
that I may be safe, Desire you to send me a Receipt that 
you have receivd the Bill of Lading so Indorsed by me; 
Also desire that you will Indorse the Bill to the Cap' on 
Receiving the Money and take up that which M^ Oliver 
Indorsed agreable to his Desire or if that can't be Done to 
indorse it as Received of M^ Oliver. I Desire you as soon 
as may be either to go or send some proper Person with a 
proper Guard and Carriage to bring the Money from Boston 
to Hartford, in which affair it will be well to take proper 
Advice. I have inclosed a Copy of M^ Olivers Letter for 
your Perusal that you may see what he proposes and have 
wrote to him to be conveyed by you or your Order to 
Acquaint him with the Steps I have taken. 

I am Sir your most Humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 

Mr Treasurer Talcott 
[Indorsed] Gov Fitch & Andrew Oliver letters about the 

Money from England arrived at Boston from thence by 

land to Hartford 



FITCH PAPERS. 



THOMAS FITCH TO ANDREW OLIVER. 
[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote, probably on January 
22, 1759, to Andrew Oliver of Boston, forwarding the letter 
to treasurer Joseph Talcott to be delivered by him or his 
agent, informing- Oliver of the steps he had taken for the 
forwarding of the colony's money from Boston to Hartford. 
See letter from Gov. Fitch to Joseph Talcott of Jan. 22, 
I759-] 



WH.LIAM PITT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Whitehall, Feb^y 5th 1759. 
Goitlei/ien, 

The King having been pleased to appoint Rear Admiral 
Saunders to be Commander in Chief of all His Majesty's 
Ships, employed, or to be employed, in North America, I 
am to signify to you The King's Pleasure, that you do 
transmit to Rear Admiral Saunders, all Intelligence relative 
to his Department, in the same Manner as you was directed 
to do by my Letters of the 19th Febry «& 30th Dec 1757, to 
the former Commanders in Chief of His Majesty's Ships; 
x\nd it is also The Kings Pleasure, that you do, on any 
Application from Admiral Saunders, or the Commander in 
Chief of The King's Ships, use all legal Methods to supply 
Him with such a Number of Sailors, & Workmen, from 
3^our Colony, as He shall, at any Time, require for His 
Majesty's Service. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

W. PITT 
Gov & Compy of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from M"" Secv Pitt 5'^ Feb^y 1759 Rec loth 
April 1759 



ANDREW OLIVER 5 

ANDREW OLIVER TO JOSEPH TALCOTT. 

Boston 7 Febi^y i759- 
Sir 

I had your favour of 31 Janv by your Son, to whom I 
have delivered the seven Chests of money receivd ^ Cap" 
McTaggart for account of the Colony of Connecticut, and 
receivd of him the Bill of Lading assigned over by his 
Honour Governor Fitch and yourself and endorsed by your 
Son. 

Inclosed herewith, you have the Cocket which the Capn 
delivered me, and hope you will find it turn out agreeably 
I am Sir 

Your most hum^e Serv' 

ANDw OLIVER 
Joseph Talcott Esq 
[Indorsed] M*" Andrew Oliver Account of Money by Cap' 
Taggart Reed by Joseph Talcott Ju^ at Boston All Came 
out Right Settled & finished Andrew Olive letter 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Sir Jeffrey Amherst wrote on February 16, 1759, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch inclosing a letter from William 
Pitt to Fitch dated December 9, 1758, urging the raising of 
as many or more troops as were raised for the last campaign, 
counciling secrecy in the matter, desiring that troops may 
be at Albany by April 10, recommending putting arms in 
best of condition and encouraging men to use their own 
rather than the government arms. See letter from Fitch 
to Amherst of Feb. 19, 1759; Rhode Island Colonial Records, 
VI. 198; Fitch Papers, no. 26, which gives date of and men- 
tions receipt of this letter. ] 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Extract of a Letter from Governor Fitch to Major Geni 
Amhert bearing Date the 19*^ of February 1759 — 

Last Evening I received Your Letter of the 16'^ with 
Mr Secretary Pitts Letter &ca. inclosed & Shall with all 



6 FITCH PAPERS. 

possible Dispatch Endeavour a Strict Obedience of His 

Majesty's Pleasure Signified therein. 

[Indorsed] Extract of a Letter from G. Fitch To M. G. 

Amherst bearing date the 19th of Feby 1759. inM: G: 

Amherst's of Feby 28*^ 1759. 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK 23<i February 1759 
Sir 

As it will be of great Advantage towards Promoting 
and facilitating the Provincial Levies for the Service of the 
ensuing Campaign to publish all the Encouragments given 
not only by the Government, but also such as the King has 
been graciously pleased to grant and order ; I beg you will 
be so good as to favour me with such Assurances (as you 
may judge proper) Relative to some articles which are to 
be supplied at the Expence of the Crown that I may in 
Season be able to acquaint the Inhabitants as well with the 
Encouragment on the part of the Crown as with those the 
Government shall think proper to give to induce men vol- 
untarily to engage in this important Service. I would 
particularly mention the Subsistence of the men from the 
time they enter into the Service untill they join the Army 
and what Assistance they may expect in their march to 
Albany (some I suppose will go by Water and some by 
Land) also when the Tents and Camp Uttencills will be 
ready and where delivered and what Provision of Medicines 
& necesssaries for the sick will be made; Last Year the 
General gave publick Assurance the men if they subsisted 
themselves shou'd receive for it four pence Sterling a day 
from the Date of their Enlistment till they received the 
Kings Provisions. The Transports also which carried those 
Troops that went by water to Albany were paid for by the 
Crown; and I can't see but the necessary Carriages attend- 
ing the Companies which march by Land should be paid 
for in the same manner, what was done in regard to them 
last year, I am not certain, yet I conceive it to be a very 
clear Point that the Carriages as well as the Transports 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 7 

shou'd be paid for, And altho' all the Particulars before 
mention'd were not supplied by the Kings Officers last year, 
but the Government was forc'd to provide some of them, 
yet as the King has been graciously pleas'd to signify by 
Mr Secretary Pitts circular Letter of the 9th December last 
that tJie tvJiole that His Majesty expects and requires of the 
Provinces is the Levying, CloatJiing and Pay of t/ie men ; it 
appears to me very plain that those Articles which are not 
included in the three before named are not to be supplied 
by the Provinces and consequently are to be provided 
agreable to His Majestys gracious Intentions at the Cost of 
the Crown. You will be pleased to favour me with your 
Answer that I may be better furnish'd to forward and pro- 
mote the Levies & in getting them ready to march as soon 
as the Season will admitt, and hope in a short time to 
acquaint you with the Resolution of the Assembly, the 
Members of which seems disposed to exert themselves, to 
the utmost of their Ability on this great Occasion. 
I am Sir 

With very great Respect 

Your Excellencys most obedient and 
Most humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 

His Excellency General Amherst 
[Indorsed] Copy. Gov Fitch 23<i ffeby Rec^ 26'h Do Ans^ 

6th March Desiring to know what their Men will be 

supplied with by the Crown; in M: G: Amherst's of 

March 29: 1759. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Extract of a Letter from M. Gen: Amherst to Gov"" 
Fitch Bearing date New York 6*^ March 1759. 

I Come now, Sir, to Your Letter of the 23^ but before 
I proceed upon it any farther, I must first Express to You, 
how agreable it it to me, to find that the Members of your 
Assembly appear disposed to Exert themselves to the utmost 
of their Abilities on the present great Occasion, in which 



O FITCH PAPERS. 

Sentiments I dare trust they will Continue, and deserve His 
Majesty's gracious approbation, which I shall have a secret 
satisfaction in Conveying to them, as well as to yourself, for 
the share you will naturally have in it ; and as an Encourage- 
ment for such an Exertion on their part, you may commu- 
nicate to them from me, that in order to Comply with M^ 
Secretary Pitt's Circular Letter of the 9'^ December, and 
the Custom of the Service, I have now under Consideration 
such things as it will be necessary to furnish the Provincial 
Troops with at the Expence of the Crown, as well as those 
which it is requisite they should Come provided with, at the 
Charge of the Province, which, when digested, will be a 
standing Rule for all the Provincial Troops in general, and 
will be transmitted to you as such; meanwhile you may as- 
sure them, that their Troops shall be Entitled to Provisions 
or 4"^ per diem in lieu thereof from the day of their Enlist- 
ment, to that of their Arrival at the Place of Rendezvous, 
where they are all to be Mustered, and none but what come 
provided with an Attestation setting forth the day of their 
Enlistment, will be Entitled to such Allowance, this is ab- 
solutely necessary to prevent Mistakes and Confusion in 
Accounts, As to what Assistance they may Expect in their 
March to Albany, if you understand from thence Carriages, 
they have never been allowed by the Crown, who Expects 
that the Troops raised by the Provinces, should in like 
manner as the Regular Forces, Convey their Baggage to the 
place of Rendezvous at their own Cost. It is true that the 
Crown has been at the Expence of transporting those that 
came by Water, and will be again at that Charge, if there 
should be a necessity to move them in that manner, which 
was done for the quicker dispatch, but I propose to march 
them by Land; however if any should come by Water, their 
freight shall be paid at the rate of 6s/ New York Currency 
^ man, wherefore to ascertain their real Numbers, and in 
order to keep up to the proposed regularity in Accounts, 
there must be proper Certificates transmitted of the number 
that shall have so Embarked: As to Tents they are coming 
out from England, but supposing they should not arrive in 



JEFFRF.Y AMHERST. 9 

time, I am fortunate enough to have a sufficiency in the 
King's Store to Supply the Connecticut Troops with, and 
they shall be Issued to them at Albany: Camp Utensils and 
Medicines must be provided by the Colony in the same man- 
ner as was settled last year, between your Commissioners 
and Major General Abercromby. 

[Indorsed] Extract of a Letter from M. Gen : Amherst to 
Gov Fitch Dat^ New York March 6th 1759. In Answer 
to the Gov^s of the 23'^ February, in M: G: Amherst's of 
March 29 : 1759. 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Extract of a Letter from Major Geni Amherst to Gov^ 
Fitch Dated at New York 25 March 1759. 
Sir 

In Addition to my Letter of the 6*^ Instant I am now to 
Acquaint you that I am come to a Resolution, to March the 
Troops of the Colony of Connecticut to Albany by Land, 
for which purpose I have directed the Kings Contractor for 
Provisions to Establish two Magazines, the One at Hart- 
ford, and the other a Litchfield ; at both which Places I Shall 
Send an Officer of Rank to Muster Such of your Men as 
Shall pass thro' either of them, And who Shall be furnished 
with Money, to pay the Several Colonels of the respective 
Regiments fourpence Sterling a Day for each Effective Man, 
from the Day of His Enlistment, untill that of his arrival at 
either of the Places where they Shall receive the Kings Pro- 
visions, which Shall be Issued to them, by Order of the 
Said Officers at one Ration per Day for so many Days as 
will Subsist them to Albany; but as the Success of all Oper- 
ations greatly depends on a Superiority of Numbers and 
the goodness of them, I am hopeful that upon this urgent & 
Decisive Crisis, neither any unserviceable Old Men nor Boys 
will be Enlisted by any of these Provinces as they must only 
be so many Clogs to the Service ; wherefore the better to 
prevent which I have Signfyed to the Several Governments 
that none of Such Should be Entitled to any Allowance for 



lO FITCH PAPERS. 

Billetting, but on the Contrary Should be rejected and Sent 
back. 

I have Already Mentioned to you in what Manner your 
Muster Rolls were to be formed & Vouched to enable me 
to pass them, so that I will not trouble you with a Repeti- 
tion of it, but refer you to mine of the 6*^. 
[Indorsed] Extract of a Letter from M G. Amherst to gov- 
ernor Fitch March 25th 1759 Supplement to the Letter 
of the 6th, Acquainting him further that the Connecti- 
cut Troops are to March by Land, & with the Steps 
that have been taken in Consequence thereof, in M. G. 
Amhersts of March 29: 1759. 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Extract of a Letter from Governor Fitch to M. Gen: 
Amherst, Dated at Norwalk, March 30th 1759. 
Sir, 

I Take the first Opportunity after my Return from the 
Assembly, to Acquaint you they have Voted to Raise 3.600 
Men, including Officers, for the Service of the Ensuing 
Campaign, and in Case the Companies are not filled up, on 
the i6th of April by Enlistments, they are forthwith to be 
Compleated by Detachment and Impresses: The Assembly 
has also made Provision and given Encouragement for 
augmenting the Number, if it shall be found practicable by 
Voluntary Enlistments to Four Thousand, but not to Com- 
pell by Detachments a greater Number than 3.600, or what 
may happen to be Wanting of that, by the middle of next 
Month. 

Special Provision is made for Engaging the Old Troops, 
most of which that are Living and Able it is Expected will 
Enter into the Service; If so, I trust, they will be better in 
Service than a Larger number of Men quite New; This 
Number is a greater proportion of Our Inhabitants than is 
Voted by any other Government. 

I Hope they will soon be Collected, and I intend to 
Order them to March to the Place of Rendezvous as soon as 
possible. 



THOMAS FITCH. II 

In regard to the Contents of your Letter of the 26'^ 
which I received Yesterday, I must Acquaint you, that in 
Consequence of what you Wrote me by Your Letter of the 
6th Instant, I informed the Assembly and Officers, and have 
also Inserted among other Matters in a Proclamation issued 
for the Encouragement of men to Enlist, that the Troops 
would be Entitled to Provisions ,or 4'^ Sterling per diem in 
lieu thereof, from the Day of their Enlistment to that of 
their Arrival to the place of Rendezvous. 

I Also informed them it would be necessary for them 
to be Carefully Mustered, and provided with proper Certifi- 
cates and Attestations, agreable to your Directions. 

I Have appointed Each Colonel to Muster his Own 
Regiment, and shall direct they pass none but able Bodied 
Effective Men, as Every One they pass will be Entitled to 
the Encouragements given, and I make no doubt they will 
faithfully Discharge the Trust; I have informed them You 
had assured me if any of the Troops should go by Water, 
their Freight should be paid, at the rate of 6s / New York 
Currency ^ Man, and that proper Certificates must be 
Transmitted of the Number that shall so Embark. 

This method was practised last Year, which General 
Abercromby highly Commended, as it would be a Means of 
of Saving the Men from the fatigue of a long March, with 
heavy Packs, which they must be Obliged to Carry, by rea- 
son they must take Cloathing for the Campaign, and some 
few other Necessaries, and would rather forward than Re- 
tard their Arrival at Albany. 

I have already signified to the Officers my Approbation 
of their taking their passage by Water, in those Cases where 
they Live near the Sea Coast, and can easily Embark, and 
as far as it can conveniently be done I Concluded it was 
best to go into that Way. 

And it was to me uncertain before I received your Let- 
ter of the 26th Whether any Resolutions had been Come into 
for Establishing Magazines of Provisions for Supplying 
those of the Troops who should March by Land, I advised 
the Colonels not to give you or the Contractors any trouble 



12 FITCH PAPERS. 

about that Matter, but to take Care, as far as they found it 
necessary, to provide for them, and take only the 4^ ^er 
diem, which as it would be a Saving. to the Crown, and 
might be done without giving you any trouble, I presumed 
would be most agreable; however if it be best the Contract- 
ors do it, I make no Objection, but only must Acquaint you, 
many of the Troops, especially in the Western part of the 
Government, travel when they go by Land, wide of both 
Hartford and Litchfield, and can Receive no benefit of the 
Stores there, and many from the Eastward travel 50 or 60 
Miles, before their Arrival at either of these places. 

I Thought it necessary to give you a short Account of 
these Matters that You might have the better Advantage in 
determining whether it will be best to be at the Expence 
and Trouble of the Method You proposed, or how far it 
might be Expedient to proceed therein. 

[Indorsed] Extract of a Letter from Gov Fitch to M. G: 
Amherst Dat^ Norwalk March 30th ly^p. That the 
Assembly of Connecticutt have voted 3600 Men; and 
desiring that they may be allowed to come by Water 
instead of by Land ; and to have four pence allowed to 
them in lieu of Provisions, in M. G. Amherst's of 
April 16: 1759. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York 6*^ April 1759. 
St?-, 

I am Sorry to find by yours of the 30"' Ultimo, that the 
Colony of Connecticut, upon this Urgent, Important, and 
decisive Crisis, should have Voted a smaller number of 
Men, for the Service of the Ensuing Campaign than what 
they did for the last, particularly after the strong recom- 
mendations Contained in Mr Secretary Pitt's Letter, that 
the numbers should not be less, but as many more as the 
Inhabitants of the Colony might allow of, which You are 
sensible is far beyond 3600 men; I trust, therefore, if they 
are willing to be Entitled to the Compensation the Secre- 
tary of State had the King's permission to make them hope 



THOMAS FITCH. I3 

for, in Case of a strong- Exertion of their Abilities, that they 
will at Your Recommendation, upon the Receipt hereof, 
proceed to Vote an Augmentation, and fully and in every 
Respect Answer his Majesty's Expectations. 

I am very glad that special provision is made for En- 
gaging the Old Troops, which certainly must be much better 
than Raw undisciplined Ones, and I beg you will return the 
Assembly my thanks for so wise a measure. 

Altho' the Magazines, I mentioned to you in my former 
Letter, were already preparing, I do at Your Instance, and 
for the Reasons you assign, by this Conveyance Counter- 
mand them, and Your Men shall have the Four pences in 
lieu of Provisions. 

And as I am very desirous of Obliging the Colony of 
Connecticut, and to Save their Men a long and fatiguing 
March, I likewise Acquiesce with Your Request of such as 
live near the Sea Coast, Coming by Water; You will there- 
fore be so good as to Enforce Your Directions relative to 
the Stating the Accounts that will Attend such Victualling 
and Embarkation in the manner I mentioned to you, and 
which I see You have already Communicated to them. 

I am, &ca. 
The Honbie Gov Fitch. 
[Indorsed] To Gov'' Fitch April 6'^ 1759. In Answer to the 
Gov^s of the 30th March, recommending an Augmenta- 
tion of Troops & consenting to their coming by Water, 
and to their receiving the four pences in lieu of Provi- 
sions, in M. G. Amherst's of April 16: 1759. 



THOMAS FITCH TO WILLIAM PITT. 

NoRWALK i6th April 1759 
Sir 

On Receipt of Your Letter of the 9*^ December last I 
forthwith Issued Orders for Calling the Assembly and being 
Convened laid it before them and recommended to them 
the Importance of a Speedy Consideration of the Several 



14 FITCH PAPERS. 

Matters contained in it as also the Necessity of their Exert- 
ing themselves to the utmost of the Strength and Ability of 
the Colony on this great Occasion. The Assembly as Early 
as possible Entred into the Consideration of those things, 
and it appearing to them by the Experience of Last Year 
and the most vigorous Tryal to Compleat the Levies voted 
to be raised that the Numbers then Agreed on could not in 
the short Time allowed for that Purpose be fully Compleated 
it being Considered. 

That the Loss of men the Disappointments Met with 
the last Campaign not only had weakened the Government 
but seemed in some measure to have abated the vigor and 
Spirit of the People. That also in the winter Past consid- 
erable Numbers of effective Men had Enlisted into his 
Majestys Regular Troops Numbers also were Engaged ai:d 
Engaging as Battoe Men Drivers of Teams and others by 
large Bounties were Drawing off into the Pay of the Neigh- 
bouring Governments which would yet further Weaken this 
Colony with Respect to Men fit and Proper for the Service. 
The Assembly humbly Relying on the Gracious Assurance 
of a Compensation as signifyed in your Letter with Regard 
to the expence of the currant year. 

Voted and Resolved to raise three thousand and Six 
Hundred Men including officers for the Service of the En- 
suing Campaign and formed them into four Regiments and 
have made some Particular orders and given Special En- 
couragements for Engaging and including the old Troops 
in the new Levies who it is Judged will be more Serviceable 
and Effectual than a much greater Number of New Undis- 
ciplined Men. In Case this Number should not appear 
voluntarily to enlist the Assembly Ordered it to be Com- 
pleated by Detachments and Impresses, And altho this 
Method of Compelling Men be extreamly Distressing to 
Many Inhabitants and is so Disagreable to all. Yet the 
necessity of a Speedy Dispatch in so important an affair 
Pressed by so many Considerations induced the Assembly 
to take this extraordinary Step to prevent if possible all 
Delay in filling up the Levies by the Time fixed for their 



THOMAS FITCH. 15 

marching to the Place of Rendesvous. While Preperations 
were making for Carrying these Matters into Execution I 
Received your Letter of the 29'h December last and imme- 
diately laid it before the Assembly who tho they Judged 
the before Mentioned number under present Circumstances 
to be as Many as the Government might Venture to Engage 
to raise and that it was a greater Proportion than any other 
Colony had voted; (which by that Time was generally 
Known) yet being desirous to afford all possible Aid to the 
Extraordinary Succours Supplied from Great Britain the 
Assembly came into a further Resolve that four Hundred 
Men should be Added to the Levies provided they could be 
procured by Voluntary Enlistments and gave orders accord- 
ingly, so that 4000 are to be raised if that Number can be 
obtained by enlistments but no Impresses are to be made to 
Compel more than is Necessary to Compleat the Number 
of 3600. 

These 4000 together with the Battoe Men Team Drivers 
and others I before Mentioned Draws from this Colony 
more than its full Proportion of twenty thousand Men pro- 
posed to be furnished by the Six Northern Governments. 

I have also Received Your Letters of the i8th September 
and 5th February and M^ Woods of the 26*^ January last and 
have on the Application of Admiral Durell taken Measures 
for Encouraging Seamen to Enter into his Majestys Service 
on Board his Ships of War in America. I beg Leave also 
to Acquaint you that the Colony Could Devise no Means 
for Answering the Expence occasioned by the Preperations 
for the Ensuing Campaign but by having recouse to a fur- 
ther Use of Credit to the Amount of 60000 on Interest in 
addition to their former Debts which were very great, and 
by Laying heavy Taxes on the People I would therefore 
further ask the Liberty to Recommend to your favourable 
Notice the Applications of the Colony for a Compensation 
agreable to the Royal Assurances for Reimbursing the Ex- 
pence of last year matters which the Agents of the Colony 
are Charged with and to whom I have transmitted the 



l6 FITCH PAPERS. 

Necessary Documents agreable to your before mentioned 
Letter of the 29*^ December last 

I am Sir with the Highest Esteem 

Your most Obedient and Most 
Humble Servant 

THQs FITCH 
The Right Honourable Will^' Pitt &c. 
[Indorsed] Letter to M^ Secretary Pitt 16*^ April 1759 



THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Copy 

NoRWALK 23'i April 1759. 
Str 

1 have been informed that Several of the Men who be- 
ing Inhabitants of this Colony and Enlisted into the regular 
Service last winter have Since deserted from the Corps they 
belonged to and that vSome of them reflecting on their 
Conduct Repent their having so done, But fearing the 
Consequence of Surrendering themselves continue in Such 
Desertion Secreting themselves in Some retired place, Yet 
so far as I can learn are willing to Join the Army if they 
might be Accepted & forgiven And as I have been Applied 
to in behalf of Some of them who as it is Represented to 
me are disposed to return to their duty on any Reasonable 
Assurances of Pardon, I have taken the Liberty to propose 
whither You might not think it proper to Issue a General 
Pardon to Such as Shall Repair to the Regiment they belong 
to or to Such Other as You may Judge fit to direct to by a 
Certain Time, to be fixed for that purpose, I can't but hope 
such a Generous Declaration at this time may have an Ex- 
tensive Influence, which I Submitt to your Sentiment Ask- 
ing Excuse for this trouble, only add that 

I am &ca. 

THOS FITCH 

General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gov Fitch to General Amherst 

Norwalk 23^1 April 1759. in behalf of some men of the 



THOMAS FITCH. 17 

Colony of Connecticutt who Enlisted in the regular 
Troops & had deserted, in M. G. Amherst's of June 19, 
1759 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Copy 

NoRWALK 24th April 1759. 
Sir, 

Having been informed by your Letter of the 6'^ March 
that you had under Consideration such things as it would be 
necessary to furnish the Provincial Troops with at the Ex- 
pense of the Crown as well as those they should come pro- 
vided with at the Expence of the Provinces, which, when 
digested, would be a standing Rule for all the Provincial 
Troops in General, and would be transmitted to me as such, 
I had Expectation of receiving it, but that not Coming I beg 
you will be so good as to favour me with your Determination 
in regard to One particular. Viz*. As the Arms are fur- 
nished for the Provincials by the King it is Expected, and 
will be necessary the Colonies provide and Send Armorers 
to take Care of and repair the Arms among the Provincials 
as there may be Occasion, or Whether, the Arms being pro- 
vided by the Crown, the Expence of repairing them is not 
also to be on the same Account. As such Persons will be 
wanted, and if there be not a Sufficiency of them in the 
Army to Repair the Arms in the hands of the Provincials, I 
shall Endeavour to take some Care in that matter so far as 
Concerns the Connecticut Troops, Otherwise I Suppose it 
will be needless for me to do it. 

I am &ca 

THOS FITCH 
General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gov Fitch to M. General 
Amherst Dat<i Norwalk April 24th 1759. desiring to know 
if it would be necessary for him to send Armourers with 
the Connecticut Troops, or whether, their Arms were to 
be repair'd at the Expence of the Crown, in M. G. Am- 
herst's of June 19. 1759, 
2 



I 8 FITCH PAPERS. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 
Copy 

New York 26*^ April 1759. 
Szr, 

Agreable to my Letter of the 6'^ March I did upon the 
25'h of the same Month Acquaint you with what it was Ex- 
pected the Provincial Troops should Come provided with at 
the Expence of the Colony, and what should be furnished to 
them by the Crown; But as in Yours of the 24'^ Instant, 
this moment received. You make no mention of that Letter, 
which I imagined you had had long ago, I herewith trans- 
mit you a Duplicate of it for your Guidance, and shall only 
Add thereto, that it is requisite you should provide & Send 
Armourers with the Troops of your Colony, to take Care of, 
& Repair their Arms, as there may be Occasion ; The Ex- 
pence of which must be borne by the Colony or its Men, as 
is usual with the Regular Forces, who always pay for such 
Repairs at their own Cost, nay even are Obliged to make 
good such Arms as they lose, unless it can be proved that 
they were lost or rendered Useless in Actual Service, in 
which Case they are replaced at the Expence of the Crown. 

And now that I am upon the Article of Arms, I must 
once more repeat my most Earnest recommendations to you, 
to Observe what I mentioned relative to them in my Letter 
of the i6th of February last. 

At the same time I had your foregoing Letter I likewise 
received that of the 23^ In Answer to which I have only to 
Enclose you the Copy of my Proclamation for a General 
Pardon, so long ago as the 12'^ of January, which I appre- 
hend answers every thing you desire to be informed of on 
that head, and I will Consider whether it may be necessary 
to Extend it beyond the first of March. 

I am, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 

Gov Fitch. 

P. S. As by Your Letter of the 30'h of March, you had 
hopes that your Levies would soon be Collected, and that 
you intended to Order them to March to the Place of Ren- 



JEFFREY AMHERST. I9 

dezvous as soon as possible, I do trust, altho' you make no 
mention of it in either of your Letters since, that 5 ou have 
Succeeded in your Expectations, and fulfilled your Inten- 
tions, that upon my Arrival at Albany, for which I set out 
in a day or two, I might meet with them there. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from M. Geni Amherst to Governor 
Fitch. Dat^ New York April 26th 1759. In answer to 
the Govs of the 24th, and telling him that he should 
send Armourers along with the Connecticut Troops; 
the reason for it, and recommending it to him anew to 
Collect as many Arms as could be found in the Colony, 
to be sent along with his men. in M. G. Amherst's of 
June 19, 1759 

THOMAS FITCH TO ANTHONY VAN DAM. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote, probably early in May 
1759, to Anthony Van Dam of New York, apparently to 
make payment for wine purchased from him. See letter 
from Van Dam to Fitch of May 15, 1759.] 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Albany 9th of May 1759. 
Sir, 

Upon my arrival here the 2,^ Instant I Expected, agre- 
able to my Letter to you of the 26*^ April, to have found 
the Connecticut Troops at Albany, but as None of them are 
yet Come, and that no time must now be lost to Commence 
the Operations of the Campaign which I have greatly at 
heart, and for which the Season becomes every day more 
and more proper, I can no longer defer repeating to You my 
most Earnest Recommendations, if the Connecticut Forces 
are not already Embarked, and on their way hither, which 
I trust they are, to Use all your Endeavours and Authority 
immediately upon Receipt hereof to Cause them to be Em- 
barked with all Speed and Dispatch to forward them hither, 
where upon their Landing they will find an Officer Ap- 
pointed by me to Muster and Pay them their Billeting and 



20 FITCH PAPERS. 

Passage Money, agreable to my Letter to You on that 

Subject. 

I am &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST. 
Gov Fitch. 

[Indorsed] Copy Letter from M. Geni Amherst to Govf 
Fitch Datd Albany May gth 1759. Pressing the imme- 
diate March of the Connecticut Troops to the place of 
rendezvous at Albany, in M. G. Amherst's of June 19. 
1759 

ANTHONY VAN DAM TO THOMAS FITCH. 

I am favoured with yours by Mr. Mallory and have 
reced the Cash. I shall at all times be ready to receive 
your commands with the greatest willingness, and endeav- 
our to make them as agreeable to you as possible without 
any gratuity. I am extreemly glad that the wine proves to 
your likeing, with the greatest respect am 

Sr Your Obt H Servt 

ANTHO VAN DAM 

New York 15 May 1759. 
[Superscribed] To The Hono^e Thomas Fitch Esqf Nor- 

walk 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 
Copy 

Hartford 21st May 1759. 
Sir, 

In the beginning of this Month I sent Orders to the 
Commanding Officers of the Connecticut Regiments to 
March as soon, and with as much Dispatch as possible. 
They were moving, and with particular Diligence getting 
ready to move before I received your Letter of the 9'^ on 
which I Endeavoured to Quicken & Hasten the March of 
those who had not then Set out, and altho' it was Extream 
difficult for all to be in readiness in the Short time allowed 



THOMAS FITCH. 21 

for raising, providing for and furnishing them, yet I Con- 
clude they are all Marched or about to March excepting 
some part of a few Companies detained at present, by being 
Sick with the Measles who I hope will soon follow. 

Having taken the first Opportunity I had on meeting 
the Assembly in this Place, to recommend to their Consid- 
eration the making Provision for an Augmentation of their 
Troops, I have the Satisfaction to Acquaint yon, that the 
Assembly has Voted to make provision, and given some 
additional Encouragement, to Induce One Thousand Men, 
including Officers to Enlist in addition to the Four thousand 
before Ordered to be raised, which additional Thousand, or 
such Number as can possibly be raised by Inlistments are 
to be joined to the Regiments already formed; But as the 
Colony before this was much Drained of Men, I am not able 
at present to determine what Success the Military Officers 
(who are Appointed) will have in Collecting the men, but 
Can't but hope a Considerable proportion, if not the whole 
Number will be Engaged, And altho' the Difficulty of Rais- 
ing those before Noted, and of making the necessary provi- 
sion for Levying Cloathing, paying & furnishing them in 
other respects, has been Extreamly great and brought a 
heavy Burden on the Colony Yet the Assembly disposed to a 
Vigorous Exertion of their Utmost Strength, has been led 
to make this additional Attempt to promote as much as pos- 
sible the King's Service, on the part of this Government, at 
this important Crisis; And as I shall Endeavour to Send 
these New Levies forward as soon as possible, I beg You 
will be so good as to give the same Orders respecting the 
pay of their Billeting & Passage, as are already given in re- 
gard to the Others before raised. 

As this Government has made some provision for Sup- 
plying their Troops with Various Articles for their neces- 
sary Use and Comfort, and have sent a Commissary with 
Each Regiment to Receive and deliver out those Stores, 
and have provided and Sent into that Service a Number of 
Teams for Transporting and Carrying them forward, which 
are to be for that Use only, I beg you will be so good as to 



22 FITCH PAPERS. 

give them proper Liberty and protection in that Service, 
that they may not be liable to be molested, or taken out of 
it, or Compelled to any Other: The Government has Come 
into this method, in Ease and for the Comfort and Encour- 
agement of their Troops, and the Carters have Undertaken 
in confidence of meeting with protection in their Business, 
which they make no doubt of receiving, on your being in- 
formed of the Nature of their Business; On which Account 
I have taken the liberty to recommend them to your favour- 
able Regard, and Am, 

Sir, &ca 

THOS FITCH 
General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gov Fitch To M. Gen' Am- 
herst Dafi Harford May 21st 1759. That before the 
receipt of the Genis of the 9*^ & since he had Exerted 
himself to the utmost in setting the Connecticut Troops 
in motion ; that all excepting a few sick with the measles 
were so; and that the Assembly had voted an Augmen- 
mentation of 1000 Men Officers included, in M. G. 
Amherst's of June 19, 1759. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Albany 26*^ May 1759 
Sir 

Colonel Lyman has just now delivered me Your Letter 
of the 2 1 St Instant, Acquainting me that, from the Orders 
you had given Agreable to my Letter of the g'^ for quicken- 
ing & hastening the March of the Connecticut Troops, you 
Conclude they are all Marched or about to March, except 
Some part of a few Companies detained by the Meazles, 
who you hope will Soon follow, I am to return you my 
thanks for having giving those Orders, And to hope with 
you that the Sick will Speedily recover. And that I Shall 
soon see both Sick and well here, where they are Greatly 
wanted, as they are partly by the Occasion that I have not 
yet got up the Country from which Nothing but the Arrival 
of the provincial Troops has hitherto Stopped me, I trust 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 23 

therefore that You will Continue your Care & Attention in 
pressing them forward with the utmost dispatch. 

I must likewise Express to you the great Satisfaction 
it gives me to learn, that the Assembly has Voted to 
make provision and given some Additional Encourage- 
ment to induce one thousand Men including Officers to 
Enlist in Addition to the four Thousand before Ordered to 
be raised in which I hope & trust they will prove Suc- 
cessful!, not only in point of the Number but also in 
reguard to their Speedy Completement, which as I observed 
to you before is so essentially Necessary for Commencing 
the Intended Operations, wherefore, as they have very 
wisely proposed to incorporate these additional Levies into 
the Regiments already raised, I would further recommend 
it to you, that so soon as any Number of them are Enlisted 
You would immediately Embark them in sloops & send 
them hither where the same provision & allowances Shall 
be made to them, that I have Engaged to furnish to the 
Others, by this Means we may save Some time; And as 
from what you and the Assembly have now done upon this 
occasion, I am Confident you are both desirous of exerting 
yourselves to promote as much as possible the Kings Ser- 
vice, I make no doubt you will pursue in it with Chearfull- 
ness & dispatch. 

I cannot Neither but approve of the Provision your 
Government have made for Supplying their Troops with 
Various Articles for their Necessary use & Comfort, I was 
so Sensible of the Advantages that must result to Troops 
from such provision that I published Some time Since a 
Proclamation Offering all the Encourgement & protection I 
could think of to induce People to attend the Army with all 
kinds of Refreshments & Necessaries (Rum & Spirituous 
Liquors Excepted, and I have the pleasure to inform you 
that Numbers have Offered themselves Accordingly and 
have obtained my pass, which you may likewise rely on, 
for all those that shall come Recommended by you under 
the Restrictions Nevertheless above mentioned, from which 
I cannot depart, without Exposing both provincial & 



'24 FITCH PAPERS. 

regular Troops to Numberless irregularities which the Use 

of Spirituous Liquors always Occasion & therefore cannot 

be too strictly avoided. 

I am &ca 

JEFF. AMHERST. 
The Honbie Gov Fitch. 

[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Geni Amherst to Governor 
Fitch. Albany May 26'h 1759. returning him & the 
Assembly thanks for the Augmentation of 1000 men 
voted by them and desiring the Gov to forward their 
March to the place of rendezvous with all dispatch, in 
M. G. Amherst's of June 19, 1759. 

THOMAS FITCH TO WILLIAM PITT. 

NORWALK July 14'h 1759 

Sty 

Having in my Letter of the i6'ii April given an Account 
of the Number of Men the Colony of Connecticut had 
agreed to Raise for the Service of the currant year against 
the Enemy to which I beg Leave to Refer I am Now to 
Acquaint You the Assembly Early in their next Sessions 
took into further Consideration the Importance of the gen- 
eral Service and altho in Order to make the necessary 
Provision for the four thousand before voted to be raised no 
Method could possibly be Devised but by having Recourse 
to the Use of Bills of Credit in addition to a very Large 
Sum before Emitted and soon to be paid, yet upon the 
Royal Encouragement of a Compensation's being Made for 
the Service of this as well as that of the last Year and being 
Zealous to promote the Kings general intention of Carrying- 
War into the Heart of the Enemy's Possessions The Assem- 
bly agreed to Augment the Number of their Troops by 
Adding one thousand Men including officers to those before 
Raised and which were to be raised by inlistments and 
formed to Consist of ten Companies and be Joined to the 
Regiments before raised, and to induce Men willingly and 
Speedily to Engage the Assembly Judged it Necessary to 
give some considerable Additional Encouragements, Which 



JOHN LAW. 25 

had in great measure the Desired Effect as most of the 
Companies were in a few Weeks almost Compleat and some 
quite full, and as no Time was to be Lost they were Ordered 
to March and Join the Regiments as soon as possible where 
they now are or on there way for that Purpose 

the Colony before this was greatly Driened of Men and 
it seemed almost impracticable to raise many more yet as 
the Assembly took all Imaginable Methods to rouse and 
Revive the Spirit of the People these Additional Levies 
were made with uncommon Dispatch and beyond the Ex- 
pectation of Many. 

The Disposition of the Colony to exert itself in the 
Common Cause without Regard to the Efforts of other 
Governments The Difficulties in making Provision for the 
Levying Cloathing and pay of the Men almost wholly on 
Credit The Distress if not Confusion that will follow unless 
Releif be given by a Reimbursement on which the Assembly 
Relied in venturing to involve the Colony by so large use 
of Credit, and other Circumstances attending this Govern- 
ment I beg Leave to Refer to the Colony's Agent to 
Explain ; Requesting Your favourable Notice of their Ser- 
vice wherin their Loyalty and Zeal to his Majesty are so 
Conspicuous. 

I am Sir with the Highest Esteem 

Your most Obedient and most 
Humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 

The Right Hon^i Will^' Pitt &c. 

JOHN LAW TO RICHARD LAW. 

Albany July 30th 175 [9] 
BrotJier Die 

I Reel two Letters from you this is my first to you. 
Ticonderoga is ours [ ] the Army left their in- 

campment on this [ ] the 21st invested the fort 

the 23*1 in the Morning [ ] the twenty fifth at Evening 

the Enemy Deserted it the 26*^ our people took possession, 
extinguished [ ] fire, saved a Magazin of powder & 

Number of Cann[ ] which were so Ordered as to de- 



26 FITCH PAPERS. 

molsh the fort upon [ ] increase of the fire, taken 

about twenty prisioners the others Made their Escape to 
Crown point. A sloop of War to be built in Champlain be- 
fore any further Motion. Should be glad to know whether 
the Indenture are drawn, & you bound to serve An Pren- 
ticeship for Life, & what you are to have when your time 
is out. 

My Compliments to all you think proper. 

I am Dr Die 
Loving JACK 
[Superscribed] [ ]hard Law Esq"" Attorney at 

Law New London Connecticutt 

NATHAN WHITING TO JONATHAN TRUMBLE. 

Camp at the Carying- place Aug* 3rd i-j^g 
Worthy Sir 

you have doiibtless heard the French Left us posses- 
sion of Ticonderoge Fort without Our firing a Gun. I have 
now the pleasure to tell you, they have Left us Crown piont 
without even appearing before it, they deserted it 30* 
July after Destroying what they could. An officer of 
Rangers was near enough to See them from the Mountains 
go of with their Sloops And Batteaus ; the next Day he went 
in and took possession, the Enemy fled with precipitation, 
tis probable they will Collect their Strength at S* Johns, 
where tis probable their whole fate will be decided, by 
what Ace's vve get from prisoners M^ Wolf gos on well at 
Quebeck & is in a fair way to reduce it, the Monsieurs Seem 
to be in Tribulation, but God Governs the World, the Seem- 
ingly fair prospects we have, may alter their face, but I 
hope bstter things, I congratulate you on the Success we 
have already, part of the Army march tomorrow for Crown 
point, I am at the Landing with four Regiments to forward 
every thing over, my hurry hinders me from particulars. I 

am 

Sir your most Obed' 

& very humble Serv' 

N WHITING 
JoN^" Trumble Esq"" 



PHINEAS LYMAN. 2"] 

PHINEAS LYMAN TO JONATHAN TRUMBLE. 

Camp Ticonderoga i^t Sep*" 1759 

I Reci yeur agreable favour by M'' Durkee for which I 
am very much obliged to you, and my Pleasure in perusing 
the s.ime was much heighned by the Ingeneous observations 
you made of the hand of Divine Providence, in overuleing 
humain Events, Especially in the Carracter of the God of 
Armies I wish I was able with ye same Sincerity as pos- 
sesses your mind, to join you in returning him thanks, for 
certainly all we Can do, say or think Come's infinitely short 
of his due, & Truly no greater satisfaction than to have such 
a being one's friend, as to y^ invidious insinuations you very 
kindly mentioned, in Your Letters, I hardly feel willing 
they should be Call'd by so bad a name ; for the satisfaction 
I take in finding by Experience that such things don't dis- 
turb ye peace & Tranquility of my mind gives me much 
more pleasure than I Enjoyed before I was Tryed, I should 
be Glad to Learn the Lesson God designs by such a dispen- 
sation I assure you my disposition to serve y^ Colony of 
Connecticut to ye Extent of my Power is not Lessoned by any 
Frown I have met with from them ; but I Conceit I am better 
able to serve 'em in Field than in the Cabinet at present, 
but at ye same time I must Tell you that unless universal 
Experience & those Maxims and general rules that are 
thereby settled & Confirmed by the particular Experience 
of every Nation Acquainted with warr, is founded in a Mis- 
take; it is a mene farce to pretend to make a soldier in ye 
way we are in; in Constituting our Troops; for the proper 
habits of mind which Constitute ye soldier can not be raised 
in such a way, humain Nature does not Admit of it I am 
very sure I Can See it by my own Experience & observa- 
tion, & am supported in my opinions by Numbers of the 
greatest masters of the Art of War. 

I have the Command at this place the Mills & Landing 
we Lanched a Brigg: of 237 ton to mount 20 Carriage guns 
&c ye day before yesterday, & are repairing ye Fort at this 
place which is in great Forwardness, at Crown point they 



28 FITCH PAPERS. 

are building a very Large Fort which will take two or three 
year to finish for the King is determined Let y^ Cost be 
what it will to hold this ground whether we gain further or 
or not. A Reddau to Carry Six 24 pounders is building at 
Crown point, which with ye aboves^ Brigg: will probably be 
fit for business in about a fortnight Then perhaps I shall 
Soon have y^ happiness to write you from Canada: pleas to 
make my Compliments to y^ Rev^ M^ Williams Col' Fowler 
& my Old Frends as if Named. 

I am with great Respect your 

Obliged Friend & very Humble Serv' 

P. LYMAN 

Colo Trumble. 
[Superscribed] To The Hon^ie Jonathan Trumble Esqr 

Lebanon Connecticut N. England. 

NATHANIEL PORTER TO JONATHAN TRUMBLE. 
Fort Amherst Oc'tr 14th jj^g 
Honoured Sr 

I Would inform you that on The i it^ Instant Saild from 
hence and Cron Point The Brigg Dul:e of Cumberland 
mounting 20 Guns 9 & 6 Ibrs & the Sloop Essex mounting 
16 6 six Ibrs with a large flatt Bottom'd boat of about 400 
Tuns Calld the Liegoner mounting 6 Brass 24 Ibrs togather 
with other armd Boats and a great number of Battoos & 
whale Boats on board of which All the Six Battalions of 
Regulars embarkt togather with about 200 Rangers, the 
armd Vessels were Chiefly man'd with Provincials. They 
went of with a gentle Southerly Breeze Saill'd all night and 
arriv'd at the four Islands about 45 miles below Crown 
Point, as we are just inform'd by an express from There 
who farther informs us that 2 french Vessels which have 
been Cruising up this way to Observe our jMotions, were 
passed by our Fleet and That our Fleet is now below them, 
that tis impossible For Monsieurs to escape unless they Set 
fire to theire Vessels and take to their Land Tacks, That 
the Gen' Has sent a Summons to them to Surrender which 
They refuse, that these Vessels are hawld into such a Bite 



COMMANDING OFFICERS. 29 

or Cove that nothing Can Come to Attack them Save the 
Liegoners, which will begin the Sport as soon as the wind 
will permit. 

And farther we are informd that a Capt of the Light In- 
fantry taking one of these French Vessels To be one of ours 
ran boldly up in the night Lashd to her with his whale-Boat 
& so he with the whole Boats Crew Consisting of about 20 
were made Prisoners This is all I can tell you at present, 
hope we shall have a good ace' of those French Vessels as 
soon as Wind & weather permit The wind has ben N. East 
these Three days, we hope twill Shift quickly so as to 
Favour the Design, 

Am sr your most Obed Humble Serv* 

NATHKL PORTER 

COMMANDING OFFICERS TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

To His Excellency Jeffery Amherst Esq' Major General, 
and Commander in Chief of all His Majesty's Forces in 
North America, &ca, &ca, &ca. 

The Memorial of Phineas Lyman, Timothy Ruggles, 
Nathan Whiting, David Wooster, Eleazer Fitch, and Abijah 
Willard, Commanding the Several Regiments of Provincial 
Forces, from the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and 
Colony of Connecticut, Employed in His Majesty's Service 
for the Reduction of Tienderoga, and Crown Point, the 
present Year; and under Your Excellency's Command. 
Humbly Shews, 

That from a Consideration of the small 
Allowance made us as Pay from the Governments to which 
We belong, it is Easy to Conclude We were Induced by 
Other Motives to Engage in said Service: We do Assure 
your Excellency, that it was by None stronger than a Zeal 
for His Majesty's Honor and Interest, and the Welfare of 
Our Country; And as by your Wisdom, and Discreet Com- 
mand (which We Pray God and our King maybe Continued 
and Inlarged, as long as His Majesty has an Enemy left) 
the French are Intirely Dispossessed of a Large Tract of 
Land Southward of a Line from Crown Point to Number 4, 



3© PITCH PAPERS. 

which will not be of much Value, unless Inhabited; In 
Order to give the strongest Assurances of Our Loyalty, and 
Zeal, for the Service aforesaid, We beg leave to Offer Our 
further Service for the Settlement of a Township, by Each 
Battalion, at proper Distances; making the New Cut Road 
the Centre of Each Township, as the most Effectual way of 
preventing the Incursions of the Indians into Our Country; 
If His Majesty would be graciously Pleased to make Grants 
of said Lands of the same Tenure of East Greenwich in 
Kent, and Afford such other Incouragement as His Wisdom 
will Direct; which We Humbly Apprehend will facilitate 
the Settlement of the large Tract of Lands within those 
Townships, and be of Advantage to Our Posterity; And We 
flatter Ourselves that your Excellency's well known Zeal for 
His Majesty's Service will plead our Excuse for giving you 
the Trouble of laying our Humble Proposals before His 
Majesty, for His Gracious Acceptance. 

P. LYMAN 
TIMO RUGGLES 
NATHAN WHITING 
DAVID WOOSTER 
E. FITCH 

ABIJAH WILLARD 
Crown Point Camp Novembr loth 1759. 
[Indorsed] Copy. Memorial of Phineas Lyman, Timothy 
Ruggles Nathan Whiting, David Wooster, Eleazer 
Fitch and Abijah Willard, Commanding the Several 
Regts of the Prov^ Forces from the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay & Colony of Connecticut, to General 
Amherst. Dated Crown Point Camp 10'^ Nov 1759. 
Proposals for Settling the new road from Crown Point 
to No 4 upon certain Encouragement, therein men- 
tioned, Which they beg of the Geni to lay before the 
King, in M. G. Amherst's of Dec"" 16: 1759. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO COMMANDING OFFICERS, 
To Phineas Lyman, Timothy Ruggles, Nathan Whit- 
ting, David Wooster, Eleazar Fitch, and Abijah Willard, 
Colonels, Commanding the Several Regiments of Provincial 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 3I 

Forces, from the Province of the Massachusett's Bay, and 
Colony of Connecticutt Employed in this present year. 
Gentlemen 

Your readiness and Alacrity, for Promoting the good 
of the Service, upon all Occasions, during the Course of 
this Campaign, are Sufficient Testimonies that you were 
Induced to Engage into it, thro' no other Motives, than 
that of Zeal for His Majesty's Honor and Interest, and the 
Welfare of Your Country, Which are Sentiments so Com- 
mendable, and that will give Our Royal Master so much 
pleasure, that I Should be wanting to the King, and not do 
You Justice, were I to Neglect laying them before His 
Majesty, Which you may be Assured I Shall do, by the 
very first Opportunity that Shall Offer, When I shall like- 
wise transmit Your Memorial, Setting forth, that as the 
French are entirely dispossessed, of a large tract of Land, 
Southward of a Line from Crown Point to N^ 4, Which will 
not be of much Value unless Inhabited ; And that in order 
to give the Strongest Assurances, of your Loyalty and Zeal, 
You beg leave to Offer Your further Service for the Settle- 
ment of a Township, by each Battalion at proper distances, 
making the new cutt road, the Centre of each Township, as 
the most Effectual way of preventing the Incursions of the 
Indians, into Your Country; Which Offer I look upon so 
advantagious, to that Country in general, as well as a Re- 
ward due to Your Loyalty and Zeal, that I Shall be happy 
in Procuring You, the Encouragements Necessary thereto. 
Which I am willing to hope will be granted. 

I am with the greatest truth. 
Gentlemen &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
Camp at Crown Point 10'^ November 1759 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gen' Amherst To Phineas 
Lyman, Timothy Ruggles Nathan Whiting, David 
Wooster, Eleazar Fitch & Abijah Willard, Colonels 
Commanding the Several Regts of Provincial Forces 
from the Province of the Massachusetts Bay and Col- 
ony of Connecticutt, Employed in this present Year. 



32 FITCH PAPERS. 

Camp at Crown Point lo'^ Novf 1759. In Answer to 
their Memorial of this date; That he will lay the same 
before His majesty, that he shall be happy in procuring 
them the necessary Encouragemts thereto, and that he 
is hopefull they will be granted, in M. G. Amherst's of 
Dec 16: 1759. 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall Nov"" 13*^ 1759. 
Gentloiien, 

It having pleased Almighty God to give signal Success 
to His Majesty's Arms both by Sea and Land, particularly 
by the Defeat of the French Army in Canada, and the 
taking of Quebec; and His Majesty having thought fit, in 
acknowledgment of so great Blessings, to appoint a Day 
of publick Thanksgiving for the same throughout Great 
Britain, We herewith inclose to You His Majesty's Royal 
Proclamation for that purpose;* and it being His Majesty's 
Pleasure, that the like publick Thanksgiving should be 
solemnized in all His Majesty's Colonies in America, which 
are so particularly interested in these happy events. We do 
hereby singnify to you His Majesty's Commands, that you 
do, as soon as possible after the receipt hereof, appoint a 
proper day for-that purpose, to be observed throughout the 
Colony under Your Government, with such Solemnities as 
are suitable to so great an Occasion. 
We are. Gentlemen, 

Your most Obedient 

humble Servants, 

DUNK HALIFAX 
JAMES OSWALD 
SOAME JENYNS 
W G HAMILTON 
Governor & Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Lords Commiss's for Trade &c 
13th Nov 1759 Reed i(^th Febry 1760 with Proclamation 
Inclosed 



* A printed copy of thi.s proclamation, possibly the one here referred to, is in 
the Massachusetts Historical Society. 



SECOND REGIMENT. 



35 



SECOND REGIMENT— COL. NATHAN WHITING. 

General List of the Different Companys of Col" Whit- 
ings Regiment as Muster'd Victualed and paid at No 4. 
Viz* Provisions for Three days Commencing the 19*^ and 
Ending the 21 of November (Both Days Included) to 
Serve the Men from hence to Northfield and paid for Eight 
Days at four pence Sterling '^r Day; the time Judg'd 
Necessary to march from the Inhabited Country at North- 
field to Hartford the Money in Lieu of Provisions being 
Allow'd by Order of his Excellency Maj*" Geni Amherst. 

[Similar headings for other regiments are omitted in 
printing. Only the lists of such companies as do not appear 
in volume X of this Society's Collectio7is are here printed.] 



TWELFTH COMPANY— CAPT. BENJAMIN RUGGLES. 



Capt Ruggles Comp: 
Lt Adam Himan Amount 

for 8 Days at 4^^ Sterling 

^ Day 
Ensn Stephens 
Ebenr Leonard 
John Brinsmayd 
Corporal Canfield 
Corporal Buck 
Amos Toles 
Daniel Buck 
Asahel Terril 
Isaac Cummins 
David Harris 
W™ Calkins 
Sami Drinkwater 
Joseph Hoskins 
Joseph Blake 
Daniel Bostwick 
Elijah Bostwick 



Stephen Washbond 
Jonah Case 
Charles Punderson 
Edw^ard Bostwick 
Andrew Burnet 
Atwood Bird 
Ebenr Bird 
David Ives 
Uriah Sharp 
Wm Clark 
Will^i Hugg 
Benjn Eastman 
Sami Batchelor 
Hezekiah Leach 
David Buck 
Francis Jordan 
Sami Miles 
Abijah Rood 
Nathi Sanford 
Jonathan Wright 
Fort at No 4: Nov 20th 1759 



34 



KITCH PAPERS. 



Rec<i of Lt John Small of ye R: Highland Regt the 
Above Sum of Four pounds Eighteen Shillings Eight pence 
Sterling Money, Being the Allowance for Eight Days at four 
pence Sterling ^^ Day for Thirty Seven persons of the 
Above Company under my Command 

Adam Hinman Leu'* 



THIRTEENTH COxMPANY — CAPT. NATHANIEL HALL. 



Cap' Halls Comp. 
Capt Nathi Hall^ Amount for 

8 Days at 4^ Sterling ^r Day 
Lieut Burges 
Ebenr Bicknal 
John Ordvvay 
James Palmer 
Lemuel Holmes 
Joshua Carpenter 
Willra Smith 
Uriah Hanks 
Thos Root 
Caleb Gibbs 
Andrew Campbel 
Richard Webber 
Joseph Brown 
Joseph Lyman 
Benjn Coggwell 



Benajah Edwards 
Joshua Davis 
Amos Murdock 
Jabez Bolton 
Sami Mercy 
Jonathan parker 
Jedediah Wood worth 
Abel Wright 
Ezekiel Wickwire 
Sami Eaton 
Thos Hill 
Nathan Bicknal 
Jesse Barker 
Ichabod Pope 
Benjn How 
John Burrell 
Sami Robinson 

Fort at No. 4: Nov 20"' 1759 



THIRD REGIMENT 
FIRST COMPANY - 



-COL, 
COL. 



Colonels Company 
David Wooster Col. Amount 

for 8 days at 4^ Starl |t? 

day 
L' David Kimberly 



DAVID WOOSTER. 
DAVID WOOSTER. 

Ensn Edward Wooster 
Adj' Joseph Hoyt 
Qr Master Mathew Mead 
Surgeons M' Garshom 
Darrance 



* Similar receipts which follow the lists of other companies have been omitted 
in printing. 



THIRD REGIMENT. 



35 



David Darling 
Abijah Rugg-les 
Eliphelet Thompson 
Andrew Baldwin 
Sam" Peck 
Sam" Tyler 
Solomon Doolittle 
Nicholas Russell 
John Giveings 
Joel Potter 
Ephraim Andrass 
Eliakim Anderson 
Isaac Baldwin 
Jonathan Bristoll 
Hezekiah Brockitt 
Thomas Canfield 
David Doolittle 
Ebenezer Hummerston 
Zepheniah Hatch 
Sam^i Hotckiss 

Fort at No 4 On 



Zadock Howkins 
Abraham Jacobs 
John Kerly 
Amos Morrison 
Timothy Mix 
Ezekiel Newton 
Jonathan Northrup 
Thomas Oviatt 
Hezekiah Parmeley 
Jeff Rogers 
Zepheniah Tucker 
James Tuttle 
John Thomas 
Joseph Warner 
Thomas Welton 
Solomon Baldwin 
Eli Thomlinson 
Abraham Tuttle 
John Thomas 
John Blang 
Connecticut River 20*^ Nov 1759 



SECOND COMPANY — LIEUT. 

Lt Colonels Company 
L' Josiah Walker Amounts for 
8 Days at 4'^ Starling ^ Day 
Lieut Ebenezer Couch 
Ensn Stephen Thorp 
Archibil Blair 
Ezra Burr 
David Mour House 
Eliezer Osburn 
Jacob Tredwell 
George Batterson 
James Batterson 
W«i Thorp 
Enos Bradley 
Thaddius Davis 



COL. JAMES SMEDLEY, 

Isaac Piatt 
Jacob Lyon 
Sam" Coble 
Rael Thorp 
Joseph Lyon 
John Bassitt 
James Patchin 
John Ogdin 
Jabez Lockwood 
Tom Wallops 
John Kehore 
Seth Hull 
Elnathan Ailing 
Dan" Runsey 
David Shermon 



36 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Moses Dimon 
Sam" Coutch 
Joshua Hall 
James Redfield 



David Whelar 
Hope Chapman 
John Divan 
Nathan Sturges 
Fort at No 4: 20*^ Nov^ 1759 



THIRD COMPANY — MAJ. DAVID WATERBURY. 



Majors Company 
Majr David Waterbury Amount 
for 8 days at 4^ Starling ^ Day 
Lieut Josiah Stebbins 
Lieut Nathan Firris 
Israel Smith 
Enos Weed 
Youngs Weed 
Jonathan Weeb 
Sam" Jecocks 
Josiah Ferris 
Nathi Ferris 
David Knapp 
Reuben Jagger 
Isaac St John 
Salvenias Hoit 
Ebenezer Smith 
Phinehas Waterbury 
Deliverance Slawson 
Jabez Hawley 
Ebenezer Weed 
Guilbod Weed 
Jesse Smith 
Reuben Schofield 



Sam" Sherwood 
Thorns Ailing 
Calab Knapp 
James Wright 
Sam^ Tryon 
Nathaniel Weed 
Israer Knapp 
Joseph Husstield 
Isaac Guilbod 
Josiah Kelor 
Ritchard Portman 
Guilbod Bennett 
David Schofield 
William Coble 
James Castillow 
Bartlet Follitt 
John Bell 
Ebenezer Ailing 
Epenetus Knapp 
Joseph Nicholds 
Timothy Hoit 
Benejah Hoit 
Wm Northrup 
Hezekiah Schofield 



Fort at No 4: 20th Nov*" 1759 



ELEVENTH COMPANY — CAPT. SAMUEL WHITING. 



Capt Whitings Compy 
Capt Sam" Whiting Amount for 
8 days at 4^ Starling ^ Day 
Lieut Dan" Parke 



Lieut Timothy Hotchkiss 
Ens° Peter Fairchild 
James Clarke 
David Ford 



THIRD REGIMENT. 



37 



Joseph Jues 
Dan" Wakeman 
Enos Hitchcock 
James Park 
Sam" Marting 
David Curtiss 
Charles Morgin 
Nath" Ludinton 
Jeremiah Coger 
Abijah Pulford 
Stephen Bordsley 
Caleb Cone 
Jonathan Meeker 



Jesse Berdslee 
Ebenezer Berdslee 
Isaac Hall 
Sam" Sampson 
Moses Finne 
Mark Summers 
John Howard 
Jeremiah Chapman 
James McNeil 
Wm Wottle 
David Maning 
James Griffis 

Fort at No 4: 20th Nov 



759 



TWELFTH COMPANY 

Capt Ferriss Compan}^ 

Lieut Tim'i' Lockwood Amou' 

for 8 Days at 41 Starling ^ 

Day 
Lieut Lemuel Bennedict 
Ensn Levi Taylor 
Abraham Lockwood 
Sam^i Comstock 
John Perot 
James Dauchey 
Seley Griggory 
Sam" Ferris 
Joseph Knapp 
Peter Schofield 
Jeremiah Peck 
David Hobby 
Stephen Reminton 
Samii Olmsteed 
Joshua Stewart 
John Miles 
Stephen Mead 
David Sloan 



CAPT. REUBEN FERRIS. 

Nathan Fellow 
Danii Palmer 
Elisha Gilbart 
Dan" Reynolds 
Jacob Slawson 
Miles Bowton 
Isaac Philops 
Jonathan Reed 
Elijah Taylor 
Abiel Philops 
Sam" Lockwood 
Samii Rundell 
Nathaniel Stephens 
Dan" McCarter 
Ebenezer Rockwell 
Ebenezer Abiatt 
David Cask 
Abener Curtiss 
Amos Knapp 
Robert Musphey 
Jeremiah Ferris 
Gershom Mead 
Fort at No 4: 20*^ Nov 1759 



38 



FITCH PAPERS. 



FOURTH REGIMENT — COL. ELEAZER FITCH. 
FIRST COMPANY — COL. ELEAZER FITCH. 



Collo Fitch Company 
Eleazer Fitch Collo 
Partrick Welch L' 
David Adams Surgen 
Elijah Robertson Sarjt 
Jeremiah Everet 
Ichabod Hinckly 
Nathan Denison 
Jonathan Bingham 
John Green 
Timothy Bibbons 
Ruben Bingham 
Moses Gary 
Moses Colson 
David Cannada 
Benjamin Chedle 
George Dunham 
Joseph Frink 
Jeremiah Farnam 
Ebenezer Jones 
Eliphalet Follet 
William Cushman 
John Colburn 
Ebenezer Hibberd 
Simon Huntington 
Thomas Heth 
Ebenezer Shaw- 



John Richardson 
Silas Lilly 
Eleazer Gary 
Isaac Dodge 
John Lord 
John Lilly 
Solomon Lord 
William Parish 
Andrew Clark 
Annanias Porridge 
James Phillips 
George Parker 
Daniel Hibberd 
Daniel Redington 
Jehel Robens 
Abner Robinson 
John Ripley 
James Torey 
Elihu Tinker 
Philemon Wood 
William Yurrington 
Robert Roundy 
Jonathan Hovey 
Hopstell Welch 
Josiah Hibberd 
Lemuel Snow 



Phinehas Manning 
Number 4 on Connecticut River Dec 2<i 1759 
[Each of the men in this regiment received three day's 
provisions, and payment for eight days at four pence per 
day in lieu of provisions.] 



SECOND COMPANY — LIEUT. COL. ISRAEL PUTNAM. 
John Spaulding Ens° 
Caleb Austen 
Moses Earl 



Lieu' Collo. Company 
Israel Putnam L' Collo. 
Ichabod Fitch L* 



FOURTH REGIMENT. 



39 



Elijah Sharp 
Abijah Ward 
Thomas Goodel 
Abeel Lyon 
Jonathan Stodard 
Thomas Knaping 
Samson How 
Solomon How- 
Elijah Cady 
William Stevens 
Samuel Seaton 
Benjamin Gallup 
Solomon Morse 
Jacob Goodall 
William Adams 
Amos Tanner 
Benjamin Squnlup 
William Perego 
Samuel Stockwell 
Henry Johnson Franklin 
Daniel Pierce 

Number 4 on 



Jonathan Coy 
James Cobb 
Abel Spaulding 
Joseph Austen 
David Tucker 
Daniel Davison 
William Barker 
Stephen Deruset 
David Stoel 
Joseph Jones 
John Simmons 
Oliver Lovjoy 
Jonathan Spaulding 
Ebenezer Allen 
Isaac Wheeler 
John Meason 
Ebenezer Tanner 
Daniel Pogonak 
Simon Toby 
Noah Uncas 

Connecticut River Dec*" 2. 1759 



SIXTH COMPANY — 

Capt Wheatly Compan 
Samuel Giffords L* 
Jathleal Peck Let 
Lemuel Bingham 
Elijah Huntington 
Ephraim Ormsbury 
David Stodard 
Zachous Downer 
Samuel Lothrop 
Nathan Caswell 
David Maynerd 
Isaac Peabody 
John Snow 



CAPT. JOHN WHEATLEY 

y James Fanning 
Benjamin Stodard 
Andrew Huntington 
Zebee Giffords 
William Camp 
John Wells 
Gershom Hewet 
Jabez Starkweather 
Benajah Tracy 
John Zachre 
William Apes 
John Brown 
William Johnson 



40 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Daniel Perkins 
Isaac Whittles 
George Back 
Ebenezer Benjamins 
John Harrick 
Jeremiah Bingham 



John Williams 
John Waterman 
Rufus Hartshorn 
Isaac Ford 
Peleg Edwards 
Ezekiel Waterman Ens^ 
No. 4 on Connect River Dec^ 2^ 1759 



ELEVENTH COMPANY— CAPT. KENE. 



Capt Kenes Company 
Benjamin Crary L* 
Samuel Prentes Ens° 
William Forse 
Nathan Brown 
David Green 
Matthas Bullon 
James Fitch 
David Thomson 
William Thomson 
Samuel Felch (?Fetch) 
David Williams 

No 4 



Phillip Gray 
Oliver Sesson 
Preserved Bramly 
Cora Lothrop 
Timothy Spaulding 
Peter Dye 
Aaron Reed 
Eleazer Herrick 
Crandull Holly 
Seers Harris 
Nathaniel Bragg 
Asa Kene 
on Connec' River Dec 2^ 1759 



RETURN OF MEN NOT MUSTERED. 
A Return of men not Mustered in Coli Fitch's Reg' 



Colo Fitchs Company 
Benjamin Pomroy Jun^ 

Surgeons Mate 
Moses Snow 
Nehemiah Tinker 
Lemuel Snow 
Obadiah Walker 
William White 
William Cushman 
William Orcutt 



Israrel Standish 
Moses Cary 
Elijah Howard 
Andrew Clerk 
Moses Johnson 
Oliver Lee 
John Lord 
Solomon Lord 
Joseph Royce 
Nicolas Holbrook 



RETURN OF MEN NOT MUS'IERED. 



Lieu' Colo Putnams Company- 
Matthew Davis 
Timothy Corey- 
Jonathan Lee 
Samuel Seton 
Thomas Knapping 
John Knight 

Major Durkees Company 
Nathaniel Bingham 
Paul Pride 
Peter Pride 

Christopher Huntington 
Thomas Huntington 
John Lewis 
Thomas Wells 



Jasper Beebee 
Elisha Crocker 
Silvester Miner 
Thomas Otwell 
Joseph Emerson 
Belias Hill 
Abel More 
William Beckwith 
Ezekiel Rogers 
Luther Tiffiney 

Capt Wheatly's Company 
Andrew French 
Isaac Whitley 
John Waterman 
Daniel Perkins 



Cap' Smiths Company 
Ens" Fithin Sill 
Joshua Miner Serj' 
Elisha Lee Serjt 
Eliazar Hudson 
John Chappel 
Abisha Tubs 
Israel Rowley 
Jedidiah Beckwith 
Elisha Wade 
Nathaniel Smith 
Ezekiel Beckwith 
Dan Crossman 
Ephraim Brockway 
John Miller 
Samuel Chapman 
John Wockkett 
Stephen Dewolf 
Samuel Kinne 
Andrew Chapman 
John Tatson 
John Baganick . 



Capt Holmes's Company 
Lieu' Jonathan Child 
John Bishop 
Nathan Call 
Hezekiah Carpenter 
Nathaniel Johnson 
John Nelson 
Nathan Hitchcock 
William Chapman 
Josiah Cory 
Increas Child 
James Coller 
Joseph Coller 
Nathaniel Coller. 
Noah Cady 
Elihu Lawrence 
David Goodell 
George Blanchard 
Robert Perigo 
Benjamin Pawl 
Zebediah Chaffe 



42 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Capt Tylers Company 
Rufus Branch 
Solomon Rich 
Elisha Edey 
Joseph Rouse 
Simeon Hewit 
William Button 
Peleg Billings 
Joseph Hatch 
William Apes 
John Zachery 
Benjamin Hewit 
Gershom Hewit 
Jabez Starkweather 

Cap* Butlers Company 
Lieut Robert Miller 
Serjt Samuel Grenell 
Isaac Clerk 
Joseph Miller 
John Welsh 
Silas Champlain 
Solomon Huntly 
Zebu Lovelane 
Edward Hacket 
Jabez Huntly 
William Rathbon 



Stephen Starling 
Abner Tubs 
Nathan Lord 
Isaac Ransome 
Enoch Reed 
Benjamin Hubbard 
Joseph Sina 
Thomas Tatson 
Morke Graves 
John Pevy 
Nathaniel Rust 
Jeremiah Reed 

Cap' Crarys Company 
Lieut Bennadick Satterle 
Waterman Claft 
Cyprian Stephens 
John Meeck 
John Hide 
James Lasle 
John Clerk 
Ezekiel Apley 
Jonathan Millet 
Asa Dammon 
Seth Basset 
Reuben Jones 
John Robinson 



Er Fitch Col^ of the 4'^ Connect Regt 
[Indorsed] Return of Men not mustered in Colonel Fitch's 
Regt, as given upon Honor by the Colonel to be passed 
as though musterd by Major Gordon. 



Sir, 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York 13th December 1759. 



Having by this last packett, received the King's entire 
Approbation of the Signal Zeal and Spirit, which the Officers 
and Soldiers on all Occasions manifest for the honor of His 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 43 

Majesty's Arms, I am glad, thro' Your Channel, to Seize 
the first moment to Inform those of Your Province, of His 
Majesty's most gracious Commands, not doubting but that 
by a Continiiance of their brave and good behavior (which 
cannot fail of giving further Success to His Majesty's Arms) 
they will prove deserving of this distinguishing Mark of the 
Royal Approbation. 

And as Colonel Ruggles has throughout the whole 
Campaign continually Manifested his great Zeal for the 
Service, and upon all Occasions promoted it to his Utmost 
I should not do him Justice were I to omit giving him this 
publick testimony of it and of begging You to Return him 
my particular thanks for the Same, which I Desire likewise 
to Colonel Willard. 

I come now Sir to make You the Same requisition I did 
last Year upon my entring on the general Command for 
altho' I have not at present no more than I had then any par- 
ticular orders relative to the Operations of the ensueing cam- 
paign, Yet I am certain it must be of infinite Service to the 
publick Cause that the province of the Massachusetts bay, 
Should keep up during the Winter the Same number of Offi- 
cers and men that its Assembly voted for the Operations of 
the last Campaign, by which as I have often before observed, 
they will not only procure a Saving to the province, but 
those troops will be ready upon all Occasions and whenever 
the Service may require; the Advantages of which are too 
obvious, not to make me flatter myself that altho' this 
Essential & necessary Measure did not take place last Year, 
it will this ; and I must beg You will be pleased to recommend 
the Same in the Strongest manner to the Assembly; but if 
before this reaches You the Massachusetts Troops should 
already be disbanded or that the above mentioned measure 
Should contrary to my expectations not take place, in that 
case I must further recommend it to You to take the earliest 
Opportunity of acquainting the Assembly, that I Imagine 
the like number of troops will be wanted for the operations 
of the ensueing Campaign as have been furnished by the 
Several Provinces and Colonies for the Services of the last, 



44 FITCH PAPERS. 

and that I trust the Province of the Massachusetts Bay will 
make the earliest Provision for those of their Province, that 
they may be ready at the first call Which will be Sooner the 
next than this Year on account of the greater Distance they 
have to go to our present Frontiers. 

And I would at the Same time recommend it to their 
most Serious Consideration, that in the provision they shall 
so make, they will not limit the time of Service to any fixed 
period, but as the Colonies of Connecticutt and Rhode Island 
have very wisely done Stipulate the Same either during the 
War or at least during tho Campaign, the length or Short- 
ness of Which cannot be Ascertained as it depends wholly 
on Circumstances and as I am Confident that the Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay is as Desirous as any other of His 
Majesty's Provinces and Colonies in America to Contribute 
towards the Salutary work of a good and lasting peace by 
giving the Same Assistance and for as long a time as those 
of Connecticutt and Rhode Island, I have no manner of 
doubt but they will very readily and Chearfully Comply 
with this request. 

I am with great regard 
&ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 

His Excellency Governor Pownall 

The like Letter word for word to the Governors of New 
York and New Jersey. 

Ditto to the Governor of Newhampshire except the 
Second Paragraph. 

The three first paragraphs of the foregoing Letter to 
the Governor of Connecticutt with the Addition of the fol- 
lowing one. 

"And as the Assembly of Connecticutt very wisely and 
Judiciously did not fix the Services of this Years Levies to 
any certain day, but raised them for the Whole Campaign, 
the advantages of which I have experienced I must not omit 
my Approbation of so proper and well Calculated a Measure, 
nor fail to Recommend the Prosecution of it upon this as 
well as on all future Occasions." 



THOMAS FITCH. 45 

The first paragraphs of the foregoing Letter to the 
Governor of Rhode Island with the following 

"I Come now Sir, to make You the Same requisition I 
did last Year upon my entring on the gen' Command for 
altho' I have not at present no more than I had then, any 
particular Orders relative to the Operations of the Ensueing 
Campaign, Yet I am certain it must be of infinite Service to 
the Publick Cause, that the Colony of Rhode Island, Should 
this Year as She did the last, pursue the wise and Judicious 
Measure of keeping their forces in pay during the Winter, 
Which measure I Cannot sufficiently Commend, nor too 
Strongly Recommend, and I make no doubt but the Assem- 
bly, Sensible of the Saving it must be to the Colony and 
from their desire of promoting the good of the Service will 
readily and chearfully Comply, not only with the above re- 
quest, but will also rnake Immediate provision for Com- 
pleating the Regiment, Which came very defective into the 
field this Year, owing I am perswaded to their having the 
last Year disbanded the Officers, without which there is no 
keeping up properly and disciplining any Corps, I would 
therefore Recommend it to the most Serious Consideration 
of the Assembly, that in the Provision they will now make 
for the maintenance of the Compleat Regiment, they will 
also Include the Officers." 

[Indorsed] Copy Circular Letter from General Amherst to 
the Governors of the Provinces of the Massachusetts 
Bay, New York, New Jersey, Newhampshire and Colo- 
nies of Connecticutt and Rhode Island. Dated New 
York 13th December 1759. in M. G. Amherst's of Dec. 
16: 1759 



THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK 20th December 1759. 
Str, 

As by your Letter of the 13"^, I have the very great 
Satisfaction to be Informed of the King's entire Approba- 
tion of the Signal Zeal and Spirit manifested by the Officers 



46 FITCH PAPERS. 

and Soldiers for the honor of His Majesty's Arms I shall 
take the first Opportunity, to Acquaint those belonging to 
this Colony of His Majesty's Royal Pleasure and to present 
your particular Compliments to the Colonels agreable to 
your Desire, I also take this Opportunity to Congratulate 
you on Your return from the fatigues of a Campaign and 
return you my hearty thanks for Your Care and Tenderness 
of the Troops we put under your command. 

With regard to the Continuance of our Troops I must 
acquaint you, that tho' no particular day was prefixed in the 
Orders for their Enlistment, yet they were to be Discharged 
at the end of the Campaign and accordingly they are already 
disbanded. The Expediency of Continuing them in pay or 
Some of them was discoursed upon at the last Assembly but 
it was thought it could not be done, consistent with the 
Publick Declaration made for their Encouragment to enter 
into the Service, any otherways than by Voluntary Enlist- 
ments, therefore it was Judged best to do nothing about it 
at that time: As therefore What number soever the Assem- 
bly shall think proper to furnish for the next Campaign, 
must be by new Levies; I shall as soon as may be with 
Conveniency lay the matter before them and Recommend 
it to their Consideration. 

I am Sir &ca 

THOS FITCH 
His Excellency General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gov Fitch To General Am- 
herst Dated Norwalk 20th December 1759. Acquainting 
the General, that as the Troops of the Colony of Con- 
necticutt, were already disbanded, Nothing could be 
done with regard to the Continuance of them, but by 
New Levies; and that he should, as soon as might be 
with conveniency, lay the matter before the Assembly, 
in M. G. Amhersts of Jany 9: 1760. 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 47 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York 24'h December 1759. 
Sir, 

As the Connecticutt Forces were already disbanded 
before mine of the i^^^ Instant, reached your hands, and 
that nothing can now be done till you have an Opportunity 
of laying- my Requisition before the Assembly (which I dare 
Say, You will as soon as may be with Conveniency) I have 
nothing to trouble you with at present; And yet I cannot 
forbear thanking you for your very polite favor of the 20'^ 
Instant, and of Assuring You that I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

JEFF: AMHERST. 
Honbie Govr Fitch. 
[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from General Amherst to Gov^ 
Fitch. Dated New York 24th Decemr 1759. Approving 
of the Gov" Letter of the 20*^ Dec"" in relation to the 
Continuance of the Connecticutt Troops, in M. G. 
Amherst's of Jan^ 9: 1760 

WILLIAM PITT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall Janry 7th 1760. 
Ge)itlenien, 

His Majesty having nothing so much at Heart, as to 
improve the great and important Advantages, gained the 
last Campaign in North America, and not doubting, that all 
His Faithfull & Brave Subjects there, will continue most 
chearfully to cooperate with, & second to the utmost, the 
large Expence, & extraordinary Succours supplied by this 
Kingdom, for their Preservation «& future Security, by com- 
pleating the Reduction of all Canada; and His Majesty not 
judging it expedient fo limit the Zeal & Ardor of any of His 
Provinces, by making a Repartition of the Force to be 
raised by Each, respectively, for this most important Ser- 
vice ; I am commanded to signify to you The King's Pleas- 
ure, that you do forthwith use your utmost Endeavours & 



48 FITCH PAPERS. 

Influence with the Council & Assembly of your Province, 
to induce them to raise, with all possible Dispatch, within 
your Government, at least, as large a -Body of Men as They 
did for the last Campaign, and even as many more as the 
Number of It's Inhabitants may allow, «&, forming the same 
into Regiments, as far as shall be found convenient, that you 
do direct* Them to hold Themselves in readiness, as early as 
may be, to March to the Rendezvous at Albany or such 
other Place as His Majesty's Commander in Chief in Amer- 
ica shall appoint, in order to proceed from thence, in con- 
junction with a Body of the King's British Forces, & under 
the supreme Command of His Majesty's said Commander 
in Chief in America, so as to be in a Situation to begin the 
Operations of the Campaign by the first of May, if possible, 
or as soon after as shall be any way practicable, by an 
Irruption into Canada, in order to reduce Montreal, & all 
other Posts belonging to the French in those Parts, and 
farther to annoy the Enemy in such manner as His Majesty's 
Commander in Chief shall, from his Knowledge of the 
Countries, thro' which the War is to be carried, & from 
emergent Circumstances, not to be known here, judge to be 
practicable; And the better to facilitate this important Ser- 
vice, The King is pleased to leave it to you to issue Com- 
missions to such Gentlemen of your Province, as you shall 
judge from their Weight & Credit with the People, & their 
Zeal for the Publick Service, may be best disposed, & able 
to quicken and effectuate the speedy levying of the greatest 
Number of Men ; in the Disposition of which Commissions, 
I am persuaded, you will have nothing in View but the 
Good of the King's Service, and a due Subordination of the 
whole, when joined, to His Majesty's Commander in Chief; 
And all Officers of the Provincial Forces, as high as 
Colonels, inclusive, are to have Rank, according to their 
several respective Commissions, agreable to the Regulations 
contained in His Majesty's Warrant of the 30'^ Dec 1757. 

The King is further pleased to furnish all the Men, so 
raised as above, with Arms, Ammunition & Tents, as well 
as to order Provisions to be issued to the same by His 



WILLIAM PITT. 49 

Majesty's Commissaries, in the same Proportion & Manner 
as is done to the rest of the King's Forces. A sufficient 
Train of Artillery will also be provided, at his Majesty's 
Expence, for the Operations of the Campaign ; And the 
Ship, that conveys this, carries Orders for timely providing, 
at the King's Charge, with the utmost Diligence, & in an 
ample Manner, Boats & Vessels, necessary for the Trans- 
portation of the Army on this Expedition. The whole there- 
fore that His Majesty expects & requires from the several 
Provinces is, the Levying, Cloathing, & Pay of the Men; 
and on these Heads also, that no Encouragement may be 
wanting to this great & salutary Attempt, The King is fur- 
ther most graciously pleased to permit me to acquaint you, 
that strong Recommendations will be made to Parliament in 
their Session next year, to grant a proper Compensation for 
such Expences as above, according as the active Vigour & 
strenuous Efforts of the respective Provinces shall justly 
appear to merit. 

It is his Majesty's Pleasure, that you do, with particu- 
lar Diligence, immediately collect, & put into the best Con- 
dition, all the Arms, issued last Campaign, which can be 
any ways rendered serviceable, or that can be found within 
your Government, in order that the same may be employed, 
as far as they will go, in this Exigency. I am, at the same 
Time, to acquaint you, that a reasonable Supply of Arms 
will be sent from England, to replace such, as may have 
been lost, or have become unfit for future Service. 

I am further to inform you, that similar Orders are 
sent, by this Conveyance, to New Hampshire, Rhode Island, 
Massachusetts Bay, New York, & New Jersey: The South- 
ern Governments are also directed to raise Men, in the same 
Manner, to be employed in such offensive Operations, as the 
Circumstances and Situation of the Enemy's Posts in those 
Parts may point out, which, it is hoped, will oblige them so 
to divide their Attention & Forces, as may render the sev- 
eral Attempts more easy & Successful. 

It is unnecessary to add any Thing to animate your 
zeal in the Execution of His Majesty's Orders on this great 



5° 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Occasion, where the future Safety and Welfare of America, 
are so nearly concerned; And The King doubts not, from 
your known Fidelity and Attachment, that you will employ 
yourself, with the utmost Application & Dispatch, in this 
promising and decisive Crisis. 

I am, with great Truth and Regard, 

Gentlemen, your most obedient 

humble Servant 

W PITT 
Governor & Compy of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from Mf Secretary Pitt 7'^ Jan^y 1760 
Reed 2 3'! Febry 1760 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
New York 14^^ February 1760 
Sir, 

Yester Evening arrived the Earl of Leicester Packet, & 
by her I am honoured with a Letter from M^ Secretary Pitt 
of the ii'h Dec last and altho he does not Send me His 
Majestys Commands, for the Operations of the Ensuing 
Campaign, Yet he directs me to make all the necessary 
Preparations for Pushing the War with the utmost Vigour, 
as early in the year as the Season will Permit, & thereby 
Compleat the great work, so Successfully begun of Ren- 
dring His Majesty entire Master of Canada. 

In Order therefore to enable me to fulfill these Instruc- 
tions I must renew to you my most earnest Solicitations, for 
Your moving Your Assembly to make immediate Provision 
for the Same or a greater Number, if possible, of men than 
they did for the last Campaign,^ and to have them in such 
immediate readiness, that When I inform You of my Inten- 
tions to take the field, Which shall be as early as possible, I 
may be certain of the Motion and Junction, of all the Forces 



*N: B: To the Gov of Maryland Instead of these 
words the following "for so large a Number of Men as the 
Province can raise." 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 5 I 

at the times and Places, Which I Shall hereafter Acquaint 
You with Which I shall be able to do more Particularly, 
upon the Arrival of Colo Amherst whom I expect out Soon 
with the Kings ulterior Commands for the ensuing Opera- 
tions. 

I am, with great regard, 

Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
N : B : Added to Gov Wentworth 

"I must not Omitt thanking You for Your favor of 
1 8th Ultimo, but very lately received, by Which I See with 
Pleasure that Your Assembly have already voted Eight 
Hundred Men for the Ensuing Campaign, and that You 
Assure me they will be both Compleat and good; Nothing, 
therefore remains for me to desire, than that they may be 
ready as beforementioned." 

N: B: Added to Gov Hopkins 

"I must not Omitt Acknowleding the receipt & 
thanking You for the favor of Your Letter of the 7th 
Ultimo." 

Circular, to the Gov^ of Newhampshire, Massachusets, 
Rhode Island, Connecticutt New York, New Jersey, 
Pensilvania, Maryland, & Virginia. 
[Indorsed] Copy. Circular Letter from Gen^ Amherst to 
the Governors of Newhampshire, Massacnusetts, Con- 
necticutt Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pen- 
silvania, Maryland, & Virginia. Dated New York 14th 
Febry 1760. Acquainting them, that in Consequence of 
Directions received from M"" Secretary Pitt to make all 
the Necessary Preparations for pursuing the War with 
the utmost Vigour &ca; he must renew his most earn- 
est Solicitations, for their moving their Assemblys to 
Make immediate Provision for the Same or a greater 
Number, if Possible, of men than they did for the last 
Campaign, & to have them in readiness for Marching 
&ca, as he expected soon to receive His Majesty's 
Ulterior Commands for the ensuing Operations, in 
Geni Amherst's of the 17th Febry 1760 



52 FITCH PAPERS. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York 21st February 1760. 
Sir, 

With His Majesty's Commands for the Reduction of all 
Canada, received last Night, I likewise had the Copy of M^ 
Secretary Pitts' Circular Letter to the Northern and South- 
ern Governors of the 7* January last, the Original of Which 
goes Enclosed, and Whereby You will See, that His Majesty 
having nothing so much at Heart, as to Improve the great 
& Important Advantages, gained the last Campaign in 
North America and not doubting, that all His Faithfull and 
brave Subjects there, will Continue most Chearfully to Co- 
operate with, & Second to the utmost, the large Expence, 
and extraordinary Succours Supplied, by the Kingdom of 
Great Britain, for their Preservation and future Security, 
by Compleating the Reduction of all Canada; And That 
His Majesty not Judging it expedient, to limit the Zeal and 
Ardor of any of His Provinces, by making a repartition of 
the Force to be raised by each respectively for this most 
important Service; He (Mr Secretary Pitt) was Commanded 
to Signify to You, The King's Pleasure, that You do forth- 
with use Your utmost endeavors and Influence, with the 
Council and Assembly of your Province, to Induce them to 
raise with all Possible dispatch within your Government, 
at least, as large a Body of men as they did for the last 
Campaign, and even as many more as the Number of its 
Inhabitants may allow, and forming the Same into Regi- 
ments, as far as Shall be found Convenient, that you do 
direct them to hold themselves in readiness, as early as 
may be, to March to the Rendezvous at Albany, or Such 
other Place as His Majesty's Commander in Chief in Amer- 
ica Shall Appoint, in order to Proceed from thence, in 
Conjunction with a Body of the King's British Forces, and 
under the Supreme Command of His Majesty's Said Com- 
mander in Chief in America, so as to be in a Situation to 
begin the Operations of the Campaign by the First of May, 
if possible, or as Soon after as Shall be any way Practicable 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 53 

by an Irruption into Canada, in order to Reduce Montreal, 
and all other Posts belonging to the French in those Parts, 
and further to Annoy the Enemy in Such Manner as His 
Majesty's Commander in Chief, Shall from His knowledge 
of the Countries, thro' Which the War is to be Carried, and 
from Emergent Circumstances not to be known here [Eng- 
land] Judge to be Practicable. 

As the Kings Directions in the foregoing Subject, are 
so fully Stated in the Above Abstract, I have only to request 
that You would Exert your utmost Endeavors to Incite and 
Encourage Your Assembly, to the full and due Execution 
of the King's Commands, in a Matter so Essential to the 
future welfare and Prosperity of the Several Provinces, and 
the Success of the ensueing, decisive, and (it is greatly 
hoped) last Campaign in North America; Which Desireable 
ends cannot be better Attained, than by Commencing the 
Operations as early as Shall be Practicable; And that noth- 
ing may be left Undone, that it is Possible for me to 
Attempt in the Execution of His Majestys Commands, I 
must be urgent with You to quicken and Expedite the 
Levies of Your Province So that they may be Assembled 
at the Rendezvous at Albany by the tenth of April next, at 
furthest; as the Distances from that place to the Frontiers, 
are now so much greater, than the Preceeding Year, and 
Consequently require a much earlier Junction, with His 
Majesty's Troops than it did then. 

I have also in Command from His Majesty, to recom- 
mend to you, the Collecting, and Putting into a Proper 
Condition, all the Arms, Which can be any ways rendered 
Serviceable, or that can be found within Your Government, 
in order that the Same may be Employed as far as they 
will go in this Exigency: As a further reason for Which, I 
referr you to my Letter of the 16'^ of February 1759, and 
now offer you the Same Encouragement I did then; viz' 
that for every one of Such Arms, as any of your men Shall 
bring with them, and that may be Spoiled or lost in Actual 
Service, I will Pay at the rate of Twenty five Shillings a 
firelock. 



54 FITCH PAPERS. 

Magazines of Provisions Shall also be Established in 
the Same Manner and at the Same Places as last year to 
Provide Your Forces on their March to the Rendezvous: 
Officers Shall likewise be Appointed at those respective 
places to Pay them the four pences in lieu of Provisions, 
from the days of their Several Enlistments to that of their 
receiving the King's Provisions ; And the Same allowance 
that was made last year for the transportation of those 
Troops that Shall be hereafter Directed to come by Water, 
Shall also be made this. 

From all these Several Encouragements, and Your 
known Fidelity and Attachment to His Majesty, I have no 
doubt of your Exerting Yourself to the utmost on this great 
Occasion, Where the future Safety and welfare of America, 
and of your own Province in Particular'*' are so nearly 
concerned. 

I am with great regard 
Sir &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
His Excellency Governor Pownall, Massachusetts Bay 
N: B: The Like Letter to the Govrs of Newhampshire 
Rhode Island Connecticutt New York & New Jersey 
P: S: To the L* Gov of New York 

"The Dispatches herein referr'd to, I sent You 
immediately upon the receipt of them, last night" 
P: S: To the Govr of New Jersey 

"The Albany Sloop of War Which brought the 
Enclosed Dispatches, will Sail again for England in Ten 
days." 

[Indorsed] Copy Circular Letter from General Amherst To 
The Govs of Massachusetts Bay Newhampshire Rhode 
Island Connecticutt New York & New Jersey Dated 
New York 21st February 1760 Enclosing M"" Secretary 
Pitts Letter to them, Containing His Majestys Com- 
mands in relation to the Assistance it was Expected the 



*The Words underlined Omitted to Connecticutt and 
Rhode Island. 



APPOINTMENT OF RICHARD JACKSON. 55 

respective Governm's wou'd give for Carrying on the 
Operations of the Ensueing Campaign with Vigor, &ca, 
The General adds several Encouragements to Induce 
them to promote so Essential a Service & begs that 
their New Levies may be at Albany by the 10*^ of April 
at furthest, in M. G. Amherst's of March 8: 1760 

APPOINTMENT OF RICHARD JACKSON AS AGENT. 

0Be it Known that We the Governor and 
Company of His Majesty's English Colony of 
Connecticut in New England in .\merica Have 
authorized constituted and appointed And by 
these Presents do authorize constitute and appoint Richard 
Jackson of the City of London Esq"" Agent and Attorney for 
the Governor and Company aforesaid in their Name and 
behalf to appear and them to represent before the Kings 
most Excellent Majesty His Ministers of State or any of 
His Courts Judges or Boards of Audience in Great Britain 
and there to manage act transact pursue prosecute and 
defend in all and every Matter Cause and Causes Business 
and Affairs that may be committed to him to be managed 
or transacted by direction of the Governor and Company 
aforesaid or wherein they are or may be interested or 
concerned 

In Testimony whereof and in pursuance of an Act of 
the said Governor and Company in General Court Assembled 
I have signed this Instrument with the Secretary of the 
Colony aforesaid and caused the Publick Seal of said Colony 
to be affixed to the same this 24th day of March in the 33^1 
Year of the Reign of His Majesty George the Second by 
the Grace of God King of Great Britain France & Ireland 
Defender of the Faith &c. Annoq Dom: 1760 

THQS FITCH 
By Order of the Governor & Company of the Colony 
of Connecticut. 

George Wyllys Secrefy 



56 FITCH PAPERS. 

INSTRUCTIONS TO RICHARD JACKSON. 

Instructions Given by the Governor & Company of 
The Colony of Connecticut To Richard Jackson of London 
Esqr who is appointed by this Assembly to be Agent for 
Said Governor & Company at The Court of Great Britain. 

On Your Acceptance of said Trust, you are Instructed 
jst to Act Joyntly with Jared IngersoU Esq^ the present 
Agent for this Colony, during his Stay in London Or Sev- 
erally as Occasion shall require 

2iy to Receive of M^ IngersoU all the papers relative to 
the Affairs a^ad Concerns of this Colony, together with Such 
as may be found in the Care & Custody of the Executors of 
Richard Partridge Esq^ Deceased; the Late Agent for this 
Colony; And Confer fully with M^ Ingersol on such heads 
as may be Needful for your Information particulary, The 
Affairs relative to the Mohegan Indians; The Four Towns 
challenged by the Massachusetts-Bay; and The Spanish 
Snow St Joseph & S' Helena &c 

3iy to receive from M^ Ingersol, a Transfer in due form, 
of the Money belonging to This Colony, & lodged in any 
Bank or Banks in England, & Take The Care & Managment 
Thereof; & you are to pay such Bills of Exchange As His 
Honor The Governor shall draw Therefor. 

4iy to Sollicite for proper Compensations to be made 
this Colony for The Expences Occassioned by the present 
War, & Especially in the last Campaign, According as our 
Vigorous Exertions in the Service May Appear to Merrit. 

S^y to Consult & Improve Council Learned in the Law, 
as Occasion may be. 

6iy From Time to Time To Transmit Intelligence rela- 
tive to your Proceedings in & The Situation of, the Affairs 
of This Colony under your Care, And to Observe such 
Further Instructions as You shall Receive from S^ Gover- 
nor & Compa 

INSTRUCTIONS TO JARED INGERSOLL. 
Instructions Given by the Govr & Compa of the Colony 
of Connecticut To Jared Ingersol now in London Esq' 



THOMAS FITCH. 57 

Agent for said Governor and Company, at the Court of 
Great Britain. 

On your Recoinendation, Richard Jackson of London, 
Esqr being- Nominated and Appointed Agent for this Colony, 
at the Court of Great Britain; You are Instructed i^t To ac- 
quaint him thereof, & desire his Acceptance of That Trust; 
And On his undertaking, you & he are to Act Joyntly or 
Severally as Occasion requires, during your stay in London. 

2ndiy To comit into his hands all the papers relative to 
the Affairs & Concerns of this Colony, both those you have 
& such as may be found in the Care of the Executors of 
Richard Partridge Esq^ Deceased, the Late Agent for this 
Colony, and Comunicate in the fullest Manner what is 
necessary to acquaint him withal; particularly in The 
Affairs relative to the Mohegan Indians; The Four Towns 
challenged by the Massachusetts-Bay; & the Spanish Snow 
St Joseph & St Helena &c 

3iy Upon Mr Jackson's undertaking the Agency for this 
Colony, To Transfer in due form, to his Care & direction. 
The Money which belongs to This Colony, and not ordered 
to be Transported hither by Act of this Assembly in October 
last; and direct him to pay and Honor Such Bills of Ex- 
change, as His Honor The Governor Shall draw Therefor, 
and Observe such further Orders as may be given concern- 
ing the Same. And when the Affairs & Concerns of This 
Colony may be left in good Situation you are Allowed to 
Return by the first Opportunity, Which we Wish may be 
Safe. 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Nor WALK 28tb March 1760. 
"Being just returned from the Assembly, I take the 
Earliest Opportunity to Inform You with their Determina- 
tion relative to Raising the Levies for the Operations of the 
Ensueing Campaign, and have the Satisfaction to Acquaint 
you, the Assembly has made Provision for Levying, Cloath- 
ing, and Paying Five Thousand Men, Including Officers, 
for the Service of the Current year, which are to be raised 



58 FITCH PAPERS, 

by Voluntary Enlistments in the Colony, as soon as possi- 
ble; they are to be formed into Four Regiments, Each to 
Consist of Twelve Companies. The Men are Collecting, 
and I hope will be in readiness for the Service, as I intend 
nothing on my part shall be wanting to have them so in 
Season." 

THQS FITCH 
His Excellency General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Extract. Letter from Gov Fitch to General 
Amherst. Dated Norwalk 28th March 1760 That the 
Assembly of Connecticutt had made provision for 5.000 
Men, Officers Included, and that Nothing should be 
wanting on his part to have them ready for the Service 
in due time, in Geni Amherst's of the 28th Ap' 1760 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 
Extract. New Yopk i^t April 1760. 

"I must return you my thanks for the early Notice you 
give me, of the Determination the Assembly are come to, 
relative to raising the Levies for the Operations of the ensu- 
ing Campaign ; and to Express the Satisfaction I feel, at 
their having Voted the like Numbers they did the last year 
viz* 5000, Men Officers Included, and that they have made 
provision for Levying, Cloathing, & paying them ; from 
Whence I have not the least Doubt, but they will be in 
readiness for the Service by, or Soon after the time limited, 
in my Circular Letter of the 21st Febry; Especially as you 
Assure me, that nothing shall be wanting on your part to 
have them so, in Season: to Contribute as much as lays in 
my power to this very good end. Since you last year de- 
clined the having Magazines formed at Hartford & Litch- 
field, for Victualling your Forces on their March to the 
place of Rendezvous (Albany), I shall take it for granted, 
that the four pences in lieu of Provisions are more agreable 
to the Colony & its Troops; And they shall Accordingly re- 
ceive the Same at Albany, from the day of their Several 
Enlistments to that of their receiving the Kings Provisions ; 



THOMAS FITCH. 59 

Wherefore I must beg, that you will give Directions to the 
Colonels of each Regim', to have their Muster Rolls made 
out, agreable to the Instructions that were given relative 
thereto last year. And as I also recollect that you were de- 
sirous that Such of your Troops, as Inhabited the Country 
near the sea Coast, Might come by Water; I likewise readily 
Consent thereto, and the same allowance that was made 
last year, for the passage of each Man, that then came by 
Water, Shall be made to all such under the like Circum- 
stances this present year." 

JEFF: AMHERST 
Honbie Governor Fitch. 
[Indorsed] Extract. Letter from Geni Amherst To Gov- 
ernor Fitch. Dated New Yorl: i^t April 1760. In 
answer to the Govt's of the 28'^ March Expressing his 
Satisfaction at the Assembly's having Voted the like 
Numbers they did last year, and that we should give 
the same Directions for paying them their Provision 
Money &ca, on their March to the place of Rendez- 
vous, in Geni Amherst's of the 28*^ Ap^ 1760 

THOMAS FITCH TO COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE 
AND PLANTATIONS. 

NoRWALK loth April 1760. 
My Lords. 

On the 19th of February I Received your Letter of the 
i^th November last and the Duplicate of it with his Majestys 
Royal Proclamation for a Public thanksgiving and on the 
next Day in Obedience to the Kings Commands Signifyed 
by your Lordships Letter I Issued a Proclamation for 
appointing the 6'^ Day of March to be observed throughout 
the Colony of Connecticut as a general Thanksgiving to 
Almighty God for the Signal Success given to his Majestys 
Arms both by Sea and Land: Particularly by the Defeat 
of the French Army in Canada and the taking Quebec 
Which was accordingly Solemnized on that Day by his 
Majestys Loyal Subjects in this Colony who appeared to 
have a very grateful Sense of the Royal Example and Com- 



6o • FITCH PAPERS. 

mand and with great Chearfulness Manifested their Delight 
in being thus Called upon to Imitate the Religious Example 
of their King by giving public Thanks to the King of Kings 
on those interesting and important occasions. 

I am my Lords with the Highest Esteem 
your Lordships most Obedient and 
most Humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 
The Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations 

[Indorsed] Letter to the Lords Commissrs for Trade and 
Plantations loth April 1760.* 

THOMAS FITCH TO WILLIAM PITT. 

NoRWALK nth April 1760 
Sir 

Your Letter of the 7'^ Jan^v Signifying the Kings 
Pleasure Relative to the operations against the French in 
Canada the present year I Communicated to the Assembly 
of this Colony very early after Receiving it and Recom- 
mended the Contents to their Speedy Consideration, and 
am now to Acquaint you that the Assembly Considering 
the Importance of Compleating the Service so Successfully 
begun and being Zealous to Continue by the most active 
and Vigorous Efforts in their Power to promote his Majestys 
Service and the future safety of his Subjects in North 
America lost no Time in Making the necessary Preperations 
to Second to the utmost the Large Supplies his Majesty has 
been graciously pleased to furnish in this important Cause. 

And accordingly Altho the Colony is extreamly involved 
by Debt and no way could Possibly be Devised to answer 
the Expence of Raising and fixing out the Troops but by 
making further use of the Governments Credit to the 
Amount of Seventy thousand Pounds which is upwards of 
fifty thousand Sterling yet the Assembly Humbly Relying 
on the Royal Encouragement of a Parliamentary Grant as 



* The duplicate of this letter in the Public Record Office is endorsed "Read 
June 13. 1760." 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 6l 

in the two last years to Compensate their Extraordinary 
Expences that the Colony may be able to Discharge the 
Bills Emitted on this Occasion hath again Voted and made 
Provision for Levying Cloathing and Paying five Thousand 
Men including ofificers to be raised by inlistments in the 
Colony with all possible Dispatch for the Service of the 
Currant year and have formed them into four Regiments 
each to Consist of twelve Companies, the officers for which 
being all appointed are Collecting the Men and make good 
Progress therein so that I expect the Troops of this Colony 
will be Ready to Join the Kings Regular Forces in good 
Season to begin the Operations against the Enemy. 
I am Sir the Highest Respect 

and Esteem Your Most Obedient and 
Most humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 
The Right Honourable M*" Secretary Pitt 
[Indorsed] Letter to Mr Secretary Pitt ii'^ April 1760.* 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Major-General Jeffrey Amherst wrote on April 12, 
1760, to Governor Thomas Fitch, as is shown by the reply 
of April 25, requesting him to arrange for sufficient troops 
to proceed to Albany with the oxen and carts purchased at 
and near Hartford.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO JARED INGERSOLL. 

[At the session of the General Assembly in March 1760 
the governor was desired to make proper application for 
the appointment of a Judge of Admiralty for Connecticut. 
Upon which Governor Thomas Fitch wrote to that effect to 
Jared IngersoU, See Ingersoll's Memorandum to the Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations, June 2, 1760.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO PHINEAS LYMAN. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote about the middle of 
April 1760 to Major General Phineas Lyman, ordering that 

*The duplicate of this letter in the State Paper Office is indorsed " R. 
June 2d." 



62 FITCH PAPERS. 

five ofificers and one hundred fifty men be held in readiness 
to proceed to Albany with the oxen and carts purchased at 
and near Hartford. See letter from. Fitch to Jeffrey Am- 
herst of April 25, 1760.] 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York 20'^ April 1760. 
Sir, 

By my Letter of the i^t Instant, you will have Seen the 
hopes I had conceived, from Yours of the 28*^ of the preced- 
ing Month, that your Levies would be ready for Service, by 
or Soon after the time limitted in my Circular Letter of the 
2ist Febry; These hopes are now Somewhat damped by 
Intelligence I have received of the 17th Instant, that the 
Levies go on Slow; that you are not above half full; that 
it is not Expected you can Compleat your Numbers by 
Enlistment; that there are no Orders from the Assembly 
to press; And that they are not to Sit again till the Second 
Thursday in May; so that it is feared you will not be Com- 
pleat Seasonably. 

This Intelligence Obliges me to Address myself to you 
for your interposition in removing so many Inconveniences 
as Such a delay above mentioned must be productive of; 
and that you will accordingly, if you find there is no pros- 
pect of immediately Compleating the numbers, your Assem- 
bly have Voted for the Services of the Campaign we are 
now Entring on, Summon the Assembly to meet before the 
time above mentioned, in order to resolve on an Impress, 
without Which, or an immediate Completion of the Num- 
bers Voted upon the terms prescribed by the Assembly, the 
Service must Suffer; and as I know you have a Desire to 
promote it to your utmost, I rely on you, and trust that the 
Connecticutt Forces, will be at the rendezvous at Albany, 
by the Second Thursday in May. 

I am, with great regard, 
Sir, «&ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 

Honbie Gov Fitch. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gen^ Amherst To Governor 

Fitch. Dated New York 20*^ April 1760. That having 



THOMAS FITCH. 6;^ 

received Intelligence of great backwardness in Com- 
pleating the Connecticutt Troops, he was Obliged to 
Address the Governor to Summon the Assembly to 
Meet (if he found there was no prospect of immediately 
Compleating the Numbers) in order to Resolve on an 
Impress as a delay at this time, would be of the utmost 
prejudice to the Service, in Geni Amherst's of the 28*^ 
Api 1760 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK, 25th April 1760. 
Sir, 

Your Letter of the 20'h I received three days ago, but 
as the time for the vStated Meeting of the Assembly is so 
near, it wanting One Day of a Fortnight, and as it hardly 
would have been possible, had I immediately on Receiving 
Your Letter, given out Summons's for the Members to 
meet, to have Notified them to Convene much, if any thing, 
sooner than the time by Law already fixed, and as the 
Representatives of the Several Towns are already Elected 
for the next Assembly, and that after such an Election, I 
have never known the Old Members to be Summoned to 
meet, I must be Obliged to wait till the Stated Session of 
the Assembly, when I shall take the first Opportunity to 
Communicate your Proposal for Impressing Men to Com- 
pleat our Levies; Nevertheless, can't but hope, by that 
time the Companies will most of them, if not all, be in a 
great measure full, and ready to March. 

Agreable to your Request, by your Letter of the 12'^ 
Inst. I have Wrote to General Lyman to Order a Captain 
and Four Officers, with One hundred & fifty Men, to be in 
readiness to take under their Care and Charge the Oxen & 
Carts purchased at and near Hartford, and to proceed with 
them to Albany, and there deliver them over to Colonel 
Bradstreet, or his Deputy, according to your Direction. 
I am. Sir, with great Regard, 

Your most Obedient & most 
Humble Servant 

THOS FITCH. 

His Excellency General Amherst. 



64 FITCH PAPERS. 

[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from Governor Fitch to General 
Amherst. Dated Norwalk, 25th April 1760. Acknowl- 
edges the Rec* of the General's of the 20th. That on 
the Meeting of the Assembly he should Communicate 
his Proposal for Impressing Men, but was hopeful!, by 
that time, the Companies would be Compleat, & ready 
to March, in Gen^ Amherst's of the 28*^ April 1760. 



JONATHAN ACKLOM TO DUKE OF NEWCASTLE. 

WisETON April 26'h 1760 
My Lord 

I commit this to M^ Harrison to put into your Grace's 
Hands in Acknowledgement of the Favour you have conferd 
upon Me by his Nomination to the Collectorship m Connec- 
ticut and am 

my Lord 

your Grace's most obliged 

& obed* humble Serv* 

JONAN ACKLOM 
[Indorsed] April 26th 1760. M' Acklom. R. May 3^1. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York, 27'^ April 1760. 
Sir, 

I am Obliged to you for the Order you mention to have 
Sent to General Lyman; he has Informed me of his having 
Complied therewith. 

Since I find by your Letter of the 20*^ that it would 
have been hardly possible, had you, immediately on receiv- 
ing my Letter, given out Summons's for the Members to 
meet, to have Notified them to Convene much, if anything, 
sooner than the time by Law already fixed; I trust, your 
hopes, that most if not all your Companies will be in a great 
Measure, full and ready to March, at that time, will be Ac- 
complished; If not, I must Renew my Instances, that you 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 65 

then move the Assembly, to Consent to Compleat your 
Levies by Impress. 

I am, with great Regard, Sir, 

Your most Obed* 
Humble Serv' 

JEFF: AMHERST 

Honble Govr FiTCH. 

[Indorsed] Copy, Letter from General Amherst to Gover- 
nor Fitch. Dated New York 27th April 1760. In 
answer to the Govs of the 25th That if the Companies 
were not Compleat, at the Meeting of the Assembly, he 
must renew his Instances to the Gov^ to move them to 
Consent to an Impress, in GenJ Amherst's of the 28th 
April 1760 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Albany nth of May 1760 
Sir, 

I Arrived here on the 8*^ Instant, and None of the 
Provincial Forces being yet Arrived, altho' the Season is so 
far Advanced, and so proper to begin the Operations of the 
Campaign; I Cannot defer renewing to you, my most press- 
ing Instances, that if, upon Receipt hereof, all the Troops 
of your Province, are not in Motion, and on their way 
hither (for I will not doubt but most of them are) that you 
will immediately without Loss of time. Cause them to begin 
their March, and to proceed hither without delay, as Every 
moment that detains them from this, is a great backward- 
ness to the general Service, which at this present time, 
merits and requires to be Improved to the Utmost. 
I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca. 

JEFF: AMHERST 

Honbie Gov*" Hopkins. 

N: B: The Like Letter to the Govs of Connecticutt; 
New York; New Jersey; and Massachusett's Bay; With the 
following Additional Paragraph to Gov Pownall. 



66 FITCH PAPERS. 

" I am at the same time to Own the Receipt of your 
Favor of the 28*^ Ultimo; and to Congratulate you on 
having at last Carried the Measure of Issueing Pay to the 
Province Troops Monthly, which you had been Labouring 
to Obtain for these three years: It is certainly a great point 
gained, as it must tend much to the good of the Service. 

"I Suppose, now that your Troops are in March, You 
will, as Usual, Soon Establish the Riders between Boston & 
this, for the want of which this goes round by New York." 
[Indorsed] Copy. General Amherst's Circular to the Gov^s 

of Massachusett's Bay, Rhode Island Connecticutt New 

York & New Jersey Dated Albany nth May 1760. 

in Geni Amherst's of the 19'h May 1760. 



THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Hartford 23*^ May 1760. 
Sir, 

I Took the Earliest Opportunity to recommend to the 
Assembly (Convened in this Place) the Proposal made by 
Your Letter of the 20th of April, and repeated in that of the 
27th for Compleating the Number of our Levies, by Im- 
presses; And altho' that Matter had at the last Session, on 
mature Deliberation, been determined, and that Method 9f 
Raising men for this Service, was Judged not best, but 
rather that Voluntary Enlestments should, in such manner 
be Encouraged, as would most probably Effect the thing in- 
tended; Yet on Your Motion the Assembly, without Loss of 
time, reassumed the Consideration thereof; and (after some 
further Debates upon it) Considering the many Difficulties, 
and very great Inquietudes attending such a Method of pro- 
ceeding, and the 111 Success of former Attempts of that 
kind, Judged that some further Encouragements would not 
only better attain the End proposed, but prevent the Diffi- 
culties consequent thereon, and also better promote His 
Majesty's Service, and accordingly granted Considerable 
Additional Encouragements both to Officers & Men, Especi- 



THOMAS FITCH. 67 

ally such as were of the Old Troops, to Induce them forth- 
with to Enter into the Service; The good Effects of which 
are so apparent, that I trust the Levies are, or very soon, 
will be in great Measure Compleat. Before the Receipt of 
your Letter of the ii'^ Instant (which came to hand on the 
17th) I had given Orders for the Troops to get ready, and 
March as soon as possible, and they were generally making 
as much Dispatch as they well could ; Nevertheless have 
repeated my Orders to Quicken them, and am Informed 
they are moving, or on the point of Marching, and hope 
they will be at Albany very soon. In Case any Companies 
are deficient of Number, worthy of Notice, an Officer is to 
tarry a few days to Collect or bring forward any Additional 
Numbers that shall happen to be behind. I judged it 
necessary to direct this Method, that the Body of the 
Troops (which I am extremely Urgent to press forward) 
might Join You without delay, and afford as soon as possi- 
ble, all Assistance in their power, at this Critical Conjunct- 
ure of affairs. 

I am. Sir, 

with very great Regard & Esteem, 
Your most Obedient and 

most Humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 
His Excellency General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from Gov' Fitch to General 
Amherst. Dated Hartford 23*1 May 1760, That he had, 
agreable to the General's proposal of the 20*^ & 27th 
April Urged to the Assembly the Necessity of Com- 
pleating the Service by Impresses, but that, on many 
Accots the Assembly Chose rather to Grant Additional 
Encouragements to Enter Voluntarily ; the good Effects 
of which were so apparent, that he hoped the Levies 
were, or very soon, would be Compleat. in M. G, 
Amhersts of June 21 : 1760. 



68 FITCH PAPERS. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Albany i^' June 1760. 
Sir, 

I am informed by Your Letter of the 23^ Ultimo that 
agreable to mine of the 20th & 29th April, You had taken the 
earliest Opportunity of recommending to the Assembly the 
Compleating your Levies by Impresses: but that Consider- 
ing the many difficultys and very great Inquietudes attending 
Such a Method of Proceeding, and the ill Success of former 
Attempts of that kind, the Assembly had Judged, that some 
further Encouragements, would not only better Attain the 
end proposed, but prevent the difficulties consequent there- 
on and also better promote His Majesty's Service. And that 
they have Accordingly granted considerable Additional En- 
couragements, both to the Officers & Men, especially Such 
as were of the Old Troops to induce them forthwith to 
enter into the Service. 

I am much Obliged to You, Sir, for your recommenda- 
tion to the Assembly of the measures I had proposed ; And 
Since they seem convinced, that the One they have fallen 
upon will better promote His Majesty's Service, than that 
proposed by me, I cannot but Acquiesce thereto, & wish 
that it may in the end prove so; I cannot however help re- 
minding You, that the Season is very far advanced. And 
that as yet there are but very few of your People come; but 
I hope that the precaution you have taken of keeping an 
Officer behind, will not only hasten those that are behind, 
but be likewise productive of Compleating the Companys, 
with a greater certainty. I am with great regard, 
Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
Honbie Governor Fitch. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gen> Amherst To Governor 
Fitch. Dated Albany i^t June 1760. In Answer to the 
Govs of 23d May Acquiescing to the Measure Taken 
by the Assembly for Compleating their Levies, & hope- 
ing that it will Answer the End proposed: And remind- 



.TARED INGERSOLL. 69 

ing the Gov"" of the Season being far Advanced, and few 
of his People yet Arrived ; begs therefore he will hasten 
them on. in M. G. Amherst's of June 21 : 1760. 



JARED INGERSOLL TO JOHN POWNALL. 

The following Case relative to the Colony of Connect- 
cut, Shewing the neccessity there is of a Court of Vice Ad- 
miralty being Erected there in order to the better protect- 
ing And preserving his Majestys Mast timber in those parts, 
I Desire you'l Lay before the Lords Commissioners of 
Trade & Plantation, for their Consideration 

The Kings Pine woods, from whence the Navy has 
been So much Supplied with Masting in the Eastern parts 
of New England viz Portsmouth & thereabouts, is become 
Considerably Scarce & is with much Cost & Difficulty got 
down into the Rivers by which the Same is Conveyed to the 
Sea in order to be put on Ship Board, by reason of the Con- 
stant Cutting for the Kings Use for a great number of years 
past, in that part of ye Country 

This Same general Tract of Pine Woods Extends 
from the Said Eastern parts of New England, Westward 
as far as, & Even beyond the Upper part of the River 
Connecticut, which River Runs Southward through the 
colony of Connecticut and Empties toward the Eastward 
part of the said Colony, the trees or Sticks fit for for 
the Largest Masts may be Conveniently brought down 
the Said River from the parts above, as has appeared upon 
Experiment made, & tis, I believe generally thought, by 
those who are best Acquainted with that Country, that the 
Masting from New England must be Obtained by the way 
of this River, in a very Considerable measure, at Least, 
after Some little time longer. 

The Kings Surveyor General of these woods Benning 
Wentworth Esqf who resides at Portsmouth in New Hamp- 
shire has Under him Several Deputies, one of whom Daniel 
Blake Lately in that business, having his Department in & 



yo FITCH PAPERS. 

near the Said Colony of Connectcut & having Specially At- 
tended to the Care of the woods upon and Near the Said River 
Connectcut, he found, (and indeed it is notorious to many), 
that private persons Dwelling along near the Said River & 
near where Said Timber grows. Do presume to Cut and Con- 
vey down the Said River & Convert to their own Use much 
of his Majestys Said Valuable Masting timber & when 
Attempts have been made to Sieze Such Logs as have been 
unduly Cut down as afores<3 & to Obtain a Condemnation of 
the Same Agreeable to the direction of the Acts of Parlia- 
ment in that Case made & provided there has been a failure 
of Carrying the matter through, for want of A Court of 
Vice Admiralty & of the proper Officers belonging to Such 
a Court, to whom to Apply, for that the Judge who hath 
Jurisdiction in the said Colony, at present Lewis Morris 
Esqr of New York, Resides at the City of New York & is 
by his appointment & Commission Authorized to Execute his 
said oflEice in three Distinct Provinces viz N: York Connecti- 
cut & New Jersey, So that whenever there is Occasion for 
him to Act in his Said Office in the Said Colony of Connecti- 
cut he is Obliged to go into the Said Colony in order to hold 
A Court for matters arising within the Same, which Cannot 
be done without Considerable Expense which he Expects to 
be Defrayed by the persons who Call upon him for Such 
Services & this from the Condition of the persons Usually 
Concerned & Employed in the Said business of taking Care 
of said woods & other Circumstances quite prevents any 
prosecutions being made & Carried on to Effect relative to 
s<i timber 

furthermore as there is Little or no Occasion for the 
Office of Kings Advocate in the Ordinary business of y^ 
Said Court of Vice Admiralty at New York, the Chief busi- 
ness being About Captures taken & Carried into New York 
in time of War the Office of Kings Advocate in ye Jurisdic- 
tion of s^ Court has been long Neglected. 

In the year 1730 M^ Bradly then Attorney General for 
the Province of New York, had a Commission for the Office 
of Advocate, Coextensive with the Jurisdiction of the Said 



JARED INGERSOLL. 7 I 

Court of Vice Admiralty, but M*" Bradley has been long 
Since dead & no revival of the Office Since his death, which 
office of King's Advocate is very necessary in the Said Col- 
ony of Connecticut, in order to have proper Informations 
made & proscuted relating trespasses Committed in the 
Kings woods Afores<i. 

for the abovemention'd Reasons, I Humbly Request 
that thier Lordships will be pleased to give the weight of 
their Authority & Influence in recommending the Appoint- 
ment of a Judge of Vice Admiralty in the Said Colony of 
Conneccticut as Also A Kings Advocate & All other Officers 
Neccessary to the well being of Such A Court that So his 
Majestys Interests may be Effectually Secured in those 
parts. 

for proof of ye matters above related See Exhibit N^ i 
& 2 being Copies of two Letters wrote by M^ Wentworth to 
the Gov of Connectciit* Shewing the necessity of Such 
Appointments, also N^ 3 being the Substance of an Affidavit 
ye person therein named, Dani Blake now in Town, is ready 
to make, also Sundry Affidavits bound or Sticht together 
relative to the quantities of pine timber Cut. 
I am Sr 

Yr Most Obedt 

& Most Humbe Serv* 

JARED INGERSOLL 
N. Palace Yard 2 June 1760 

To John Pownall Esq"" Secretary to the Board of 
Trade & Plantation. 

[Indorsed] Connecticut. Lre from M' Ingersoll Agent for 
ye Colony of Connecticut to the Secry Shewing ye need 
of A Court of Vice Admiralty being Erected in that 
Colony in order to the better preservation of ye Kings 
Pine timber 2 June 1760. Read June 13, 1760. 



* These two letters are dated January 17, 1753, and May 15, 1755. The first is 
printed in the Wolcott Papers, page 231 (Collections, volume XVI); the second in 
this volume following March 27, 1761. 



72 FITCH PAPERS. 

JARED INGERSOLL'S MEMORANDUM TO THE 
COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
Memd , 

May 13: 1760, at Docfs Commons. M^ Bishops Office 
the registry of ye Admiralty I found the Last Appointment 
of a Kings Advocate to ye Court of Vice Admiralty at New- 
York was of Richd Bradley Esq"" then Attorney Gen^ for the 
Province of New York, this was in the year 1730. Mr. 
Bradley has been Long Since dead. 

the Statute Directing proscutions for tresspasses in 
the Kings woods in America to be in the Court of Vice 
Admiralty is the 8th of George P Chap XH. Sect. V. 

21 Aug' 1747 A Commission Issued to James Alexander 
then of New York Since Dec^ to hold the Office of Judge of 
Vice Admiralty in the room of Judge Morriss, who in the 
Commission & Entry thereof, at Doct«"s Commons is Said to 
be Dismiss«i — no revival Since of M*" Morriss' Commission — 
perhaps it may be A Doubt whether Judge Morriss Com- 
mission is Valid or not 

I am told by Some persons in Town who remember the 
thing that there was A Complaint of M"" Morriss Conduct 
upon which he was Superseded & Mr Alexander appointed 
in his room but that M^ Alexander not being privy to ye 
Complaint &c. Declined Acting Under the Commission 
from tenderness to M>" Morriss upon which M^ Morriss 
resumed the business again. 

I have lately received A Letter from Gov Fitch advis- 
ing me that the Assembly have Desired him to Direct me 
to move for Such Court of Vice Admiralty to be Erected in 
Connecticut, the Interests of ye people of ye Colony & that 
of the Crown, in this particular happily Coincide, the 
People think it will be necessary, E're long for the Crown 
to Employ persons to procure Masts for ye Navy at Least 
in part that way & that that will be Some Advantage to 
them as it will be a means of Enabling the importer to 
make Remittances for his goods So far instead of Draning 
ye Province of all ye Cash &c therefore would have Effectual 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 73 

Care taken to preserve these woods. 

all which is Submitted by their Lordships 
Most Obedt & Most 
Humbe Serv* 

Jared Ingersoll 
For ye Inspection & Use of y Lords Com^s for Trade & 
Plantation. 

N: Palace Yard 2^ June 1760 
[Indorsed] Connecticut Mem^ by M^ Ingersoll of Sundry 
matters relative to ye present Circumstances of the 
Court of Vice Admiralty at N York &c. Read June 13, 
1760. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Albany 13th June 1760. 
Sir, 

Colonel Worster Arrived here Yesterday, & by What I 
can learn from him, as well as What I had heard before, 
from the other Colonels of the Connecticutt Forces I find to 
my great Concern, that these Forces are likely to be no less 
than two Thousand Short, of the five Thousand that were 
Voted by the Assembly; And even that hitherto there are 
not above One fifth of them Arrived: this I must own gives 
me no Small Uneasiness, as the repartition I have made, 
for the Several Departments, is from the Original Numbers 
Voted by the respective Provinces, and of Course these 
Deficiencies must Occasion great Inconveniencies to One or 
other of them, and as neither of these Departments can 
suffer any Diminution of the Numbers I had Allotted for 
them ; I must beg & Insist that, immediately upon receipt 
hereof, if all the Troops that have been raised within the 
Colony of Connecticut are not Marched (Which I am willing 
to hope is not the Case) You will Cause them to be for- 
warded hither without delay; And if they Should be Short 
of the 5000 Originally Voted, that you would Cause them 
to be Compleated & forwarded without loss of time, as they 
will always prove usefull, altho' they should come somewhat 
later. 



74 FITCH PAPERS. 

The above mentioned deficiency, as also such of Your 
Troops That are Arrived, having come later this year than 
any other, is entirely owing to the Assembly having De- 
clined the Measure I had proposed ; had they upon this, as 
on former Occasions, Consented to an Act of Impress; their 
Troops would not only have been Compleat, but have been 
in the field at the time I requested; And the Colony could 
have saved an immense Expence, Which the Extraordinary 
bounty must put them to, in Compleating them by that 
means; however I rely on your former Zeal, and trust that 
You will Exert Yourself to your utmost upon the present 
pressing Emergency. 

I am, with great regard. 
Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
Honbie Govf Fitch. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Geni Amherst To Governor 
Fitch Dated Albany 13th June 1760. That he had rea- 
son to fear the Connecticutt Forces would be greatly 
deficient in Numbers, & therefore begging the Gov 
would not only forward such as were already Rais'd 
with the utmost Dispatch, but Use all his Interest to 
Compleat their Numbers, as a deficiency would be of 
the greatest detriment to the Service, in M. G. 
Amherst's of June 21 : 1760. 



THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK i6'h June 1760. 
Sir, 

Your Letter of the 13''' Which I have just now received 
is before me, the Information you give me, both with respect 
to the Deficiency of Numbers, and Delay of the Forces 
raised, gives me great Concern, and were it in my power, 
more Effectually than has been done, to remedy the diffi- 
cultys, I should with great pleasure immediately do it; I 
suppose the Forces raised, are by the best Information I 
can obtain already Marched unless a Company or two, or 



THOMAS FITCH. 75 

part of them, Which by the failure of Officers first Ap- 
pointed, happened to be delayed, in raising, & getting the 
Men in readiness for the Service ; And I Conclude even 
those are Marched or ready for it, as I gave repeated Orders 
for all to March as fast as possible; As to the Numbers 
raised I can't but hope and believe the Accounts, will When 
the Whole Arrive be different, and that Mistake will, by a 
larger Number's appearing in the Field be agreably recti- 
fyed; When I was at the Assembly I made particular En- 
quiry of the Committee (who gave the Orders to the 
Captains of the respective Companies for their Pay, and to 
Whom the Captains gave Account of the Numbers Enlisted) 
What Number were Enlisted, And they Informed me that 
the Whole Number would as they Supposed Ammount, to 
near about the Number raised Last year, Whether a few 
more or less was a little uncertain, and as this was generally 
known there, and that the Method come into this year was 
likely to Effect as Much, as could possibly be done by all 
the Exertions of Authority and Compulsion last year for 
the King's Service; The Assembly Judged the Method of 
Encouragement to be the best, and were before their 
Adjournment by the before mentioned Accounts greatly 
Confirmed in that Opinion. And as the Session is now 
Over, I shall not, without Calling the Assembly to meet 
again, be able, to renew your Representations, nor repeat 
my Recommendations to make further and more Effectuall 
Provision for Compleating the Number at first Voted to be 
Encouraged, the length of time Necessary to Effect any 
thing by that Method will be so great as to render it, only 
an Expence to little purpose. 

I am. Sir &ca 

THOS FITCH. 
His Excellency Gen^ Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Govr Fitch To General 
Amherst Dated Norwalk i6^^ June 1760 In Answer to 
the General's of the 13* June, Acquainting him that as 
the Session was now over, it was not in his power to 
Renew his Representations, &ca, for the Compleating 



76 FITCH PAPERS. 

the Levies by Impresses, but that he hoped the General 
would be agreably disappointed in finding the Numbers 
more Compleat and Earlier -in the Field than he 
Imagined, in M. G. Amherst's of Augt 26: 1760. 

CADWALLADER GOLDEN TO THOMAS FITCH. 
New York, August 4"^, 1760. 
Sir, 

On Wednesday last our late worthy Gov M^" DeLancey 
departed this life. He was not apprehensive of any danger 
when he was seized in the morning with a pain in his breast, 
and tho' a Physician was afterwards sent for, he expir'd 
before any releife could be applied : In this gentleman his 
Majesty has lost a most able and faithfull Servant, and I 
may add the Provinces in general a sincere friend. 

The administration by virtue of his Majesties Commis- 
sion devolving on me, as eldest Councelor; it is expedient I 
should inform the Governors of his Majesties other Colonies 
of the Event; least any interruption might be given to a 
correspondence between them, which I am sensible must be 
necessary at all times but more especially at present, to 
promote the king's service and to preserve Union and 
Harmony among the several provinces, so essential to their 
common welfare. I assure myself of establishing 8c keep- 
ing up an intercourse with you on all occasions conducive to 
those ends. And it will give me a singular satisfaction if 
by my present situation I should have in my power to serve 
your Excellency or any of your friends. I am, &c. 

To the Honbie Thomas Fitch, Esq., Governor & Com- 
mander in Chief of the Colony of Connecticut. 

WILLIAM PITT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Duplicate 

Whitehall 23d August 1760 
Sir, 

The Commanders of His Majesty's Forces, and Fleets, 
in North America, and the West Indies, having transmitted 



WILLIAM PITT. 77 

repeated & certain Intelligence of an Illegal and most per- 
nicious Trade, carried on by the King's Subjects, in North 
America, and the West Indies, as well to the French Islands, 
as to the French Settlements on the Continent of America, 
and particularly to the Rivers Mobile, and Missisippi, by 
which the Enemy is, to the greatest Reproach & Detri- 
mentof Government, supplied with Provisions, and other 
Necessaries, whereby they are, principally, if not alone, 
enabled to sustain and protract this long and expensive 
War; And it further appearing, that large Sums, in 
Bullion, are also sent, by the King's Subjects, to the 
above Places, in return whereof. Commodities are taken, 
which interfere with the Produce of the British Colo- 
nies themselves, in open Contempt of the Authority of 
the Mother Country, as well as to the most manifest 
Prejudice of the Manufactures, & Trade of Great Britain; 
In Order, therefore, to put the most speedy, and effectual 
Stop to such flagitious Practices, so utterly subversive of 
all Law, and so highly repugnant to the Honor and Well- 
being of this Kingdom, it is His Majesty's express Will and 
Pleasure, that you do forthwith make the strictest, and 
most diligent. Enquiry, into the State of this dangerous 
and ignominous Trade, and that you do use every Means in 
your Power, to detect and discover Persons, concerned, 
either as Principals or Accessories, therein; And that you 
do take every Step, authorized by Law, to bring all such 
heinous Offenders to the most exemplary, and condign 
Punishment; And you will, as soon as may be, and from 
time to time, transmit to me, for the King's Information, 
full and particular Accounts of the Progress you shall have 
made, in the Execution of these His Majesty's Commands, 
to which the King expects that you do pay the most exact 
Obedience: And you are further to use your utmost En- 
deavours, to trace out, & investigate, the various Artifices, 
and Evasions, by which the Dealers in this iniquitous Inter- 
course find means to cover their Criminal Proceedings, and 
to elude the Law, in order that, from such Lights, due & 
timely Consideration may be had, what farther Provisions 



78 FITCH PAPERS. 

shall be necessary to restrain an Evil of such extensive and 
pernicious Consequences. 
I am, Sir 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

W PITT 
Governor and Company of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Duplicate Letter from Mf Secretary Pitt 23'^ 
August 1760 Rec<i 5th Janry 1761. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

River S* Lawrence below the Isle Royale 
26tii August 1760. 
Sir, 

On the lo'h Instant, I Embarked the Army, and pro- 
ceeded with the Same, across Lake Ontario into this River, 
Where on the i6'h in the Evening, off Oswegatchie the 
Advanced Guard descried One of the Enemy's Vessells but 
it being Soon after duskish, Nothing could be Effected that 
Night, tho' we tryed as much as Possible to Attack her: 
At Day break, on the 17'h Our Row Galleys Engaged her, 
& by Seven in the morning She Struck: Her name was the 
Ottawawa, Mounting ten, twelve Pounders, and one hun- 
dred men officers Included, besides Monsr de la Broqueri, 
Who Commanded her: in the Engagement we had only One 
Man killed, & Another wounded, and the Enemy therteen 
of both. 

The Army which the Preceding Night had Encamped 
on the Pointe du Baril, then moved down to Oswegatchie, a 
very good Indian Settlement with a Blockhouse Fort but 
Abandoned; the Enemy being posted on an Island, between 
four & five miles further down the River, Where they were 
reported to be very Strongly fortified: both Shores were 
reconnoitrd during the night, and early the next Morning, 
And the Engineers having reported to me the Situation of 
the Coasts & Islands nearest the Fort; immediately on the 
return of the Engineers on the 18*^ a part of the Army 
Passed down on each Coast, and after Some Opposition by 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 79 

a Smart Cannonading, the Fort was Compleatly invested, 
so that none of its Garrison could make its Escape: the four 
following- days were employed in raising my Batteries, 
Which being finished on the Morning of the 2;^^ in Concert 
with our Shipping, I began to fire on the Fort, Which 
lasted till yesterday afternoon, When the French beat a 
Parley, desiring to know what terms Should be granted 
them: My Answer was, that the Garrison Should be Prison- 
ers of War; that every thing in and depending on the Fort, 
Should be delivered in its present State; and that I gave 
them only ten minutes to Accept of, or dissent from these 
Proposals; They Accordingly Yielded to these Conditions, 
and I have the Satisfaction to Inform you, that His Majestys 
Troops are now in possession of Fort Levis. 

Our loss upon this Occasion has been very inconsidera- 
ble; that of the Enemy (Whose Garrison Consisted of about 
three hundred Men) about twelve killed and Forty wounded ; 
Mc Pouchot the Same Gentleman that was last taken at 
Niagara Commanded them. 

I am, with great regards 
Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
Circular to the Governors of the Continent. 
[Indorsed] Copy of General Amherst's Circular Letter to 
the Governors of the Continent from Cape Breton to 
Georgia Inclusive Dated River S' Lawrence below the 
Isle Royale 26'^ August 1760. Acquainting them of 
of the Reduction of L'Isle Royale &ca. in M, G. 
Amherst's of Augt 26: 1760. 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Camp of Montreal 9th September 1760. 
Sir, 

In Mine of the 26'^ Ultimo, I Acquainted You with the 
progress of the Army, after their Departure from Oswego, 
and with the Success of His Majestys Arms against Fort 



So FITCH PAPERS. 

Levis, now Fort William Augustus, Where I remained no 
longer than was requisite, to make Such Preparations, as I 
Judged Essentially Necessary for the Passage of the Army 
down the River, Which took me up till the 30'h. 

In the Morning of the following day, I Sat out, and 
Proceeded from Station to Station to Our Present ground. 
Where We Arrived on the 6'h in the Evening; after having 
in the Passage Sustained a Loss of Eighty Eight men 
Drowned; twenty Nine Batteaus of Regiments; Seventeen 
of Artillery with Some Artillery and Stores; Seventeen 
Whaleboats, and one Row Galley Staved, Occasiond by the 
Violence of the Current, and the rapids being full of broken 
Waves. 

The Inhabitants of the Settlements I passed thro', in 
my way hither, having Abandoned their Houses, & run 
into the Woods; I Sent after them ; Some were taken. And 
others came in of their Own Accord; I had them disarmed. 
And Caused the Oath of Allegiance to be tended to them, 
Which they readily took ; And I Accordingly Put them in 
quiet Possession of their habitations, with Which treatment 
they Seemed no less Surprised than happy. 

The Troops being formed, and the Light Artillery 
brought up; the Army lay on their Arms the Night of the 
6th. 

On the 7th in the morning two Officers came to an Ad- 
vanced Post, with a Letter from the Marquis de Vaudreuil, 
referring me to What one of them Colonel Bouquinville, 
had to Say. The Conversation ended, with a Cessation of 
Arms, till twelve o'Clock When the Proposals were brought 
in: Soon after I returned them with the terms I was willing 
to grant: Which both the Marquis de Vaudreuil & Mons^ 
de Levis the French General, were very Strenuous to have 
Softened; this Occasioned Sundry Letters to pass between 
Us, during the day as well as the Night (When the Army 
again lay on their Arms) but as I would not on any Account 
deviate in the least from my Original Conditions, and 
Insisted on An immediate, and Catagorical Answer, Mons"" 
de Vaudreuil Soon after day break, Notified to me that he 



JOHN POWNALL. 8l 

had determined to Accept of them, And two Setts of them, 
were Accordingly Signed by him and Me, and Exchanged 
Yesterday, When Colo Haldimand with the Grenadiers and 
Light Infantry of the Army, took possession of one of the 
Gates of the Town, and is this day to proceed in fullfilling 
the Articles of the Capitulation; by Which the French 
Troops are all to lay down their Arms ; are not to Serve 
during the Continuance of the Present War; And are to be 
Sent back to Old France, as are also the Governors, and 
Principal Officers of the Legislature of the Whole Country, 
Which I have now the Satisfaction to Inform you, is entire- 
ly yielded to the Dominion of His Majesty, On Which 
Interesting & happy Event, I most Sincerely Congratulate 
you. 

Governor Murray, with the Troops from Quebec landed 
below the Town on Sunday last, & Colonel Haviland with 
his Corps (that took Possession of the Isle au Noix, Aban- 
doned by the Enemy on the 28th) Arrived yesterday at the 
South Shore Opposite to my Camp. 

I am, with great regard. 
Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
Circular To the Governors on the Continent from Cape 
Breton to Georgia Inclusive. 

[Indorsed] Copy. Circular Letter from General Amherst 
To the the Gov^s on the Continent from Cape Breton to 
Georgia Inclusive. Dated Camp of Montreal 9*^ Sepf 
1760, Acquainting them with the Entire Reduction of 
Canada by Capitulation &ca. in M. G. Amherst's of 
Ocf 4: 1760. 



JOHN POWNALL TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Whitehall Oct^ 18. 1760. 
Gentlemen, 

I am directed by the Lords Commissioners for Trade & 
Plantations to desire you will transmit to their Lorships 
three or four Sets of the last printed Edition of the Laws 



82 FITCH PAPERS, 

passed in the Colony under your Government with the pub- 
lick Seal affixed to each Set. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient and 

most humble Servant, 

JOHN POWNALL 

Secry 
Governor and Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from Mr Pov^^nall Sec^y Board of Trade. 
i8th Octobf 1760 Reed ^th Janry 1761 

JOHN POWNALL TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall Ocf 29. 1760. 
Gentlemen^ 

In consequence of the Melancholy Event of the King's 
Death on the 25th inst., I am directed by the Lords Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations to take the Oppor- 
tunity by the Packet of acquainting you, that the necessary 
Forms for proclaiming His present Majesty in the Colonies, 
together with Warrants for using the old Seals, Proclama- 
tions for continuing Officers in their Employments, Orders 
for Alteration of the Liturgy, &c. «&c. are preparing with 
all possible dispatch, and will be transmitted to yourselves 
and the rest of the Governors and Commanders in chief of 
His Majesty's Colonies in America in a few days. 
I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most obed* humble Serv*, 
JOHN POWNALL 

Secry. 
Gov'" and Company of Connecticut. N England 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Pownall Secretv Board of Trade 
29th Octor 1760 Reed ^th Janry 1761 

THOMAS LIFE'S APPOINTMENT. 

0Be it known, that the Governor and Com- 
pany of His Majestys English Colony of Con- 
necticut in New England in America have 
Authorized Constituted and by these presents 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS. 83 

do authorise constitute and appoint Thomas Life of Basing- 
hall London Gentleman Agent and Attorney for the Gov- 
ernor and Company aforesaid in their name and behalf to 
appear and them to represent before the King's most Excel- 
lent Majesty His Ministers of State or any of His Courts, 
Judges, or Boards of Audience in Great Britain & to man- 
age, Act Transact, prosecute and defend in all and every 
matter, Cause and Causes business & Affairs wherein the 
said Governor & Company are or may be interested or con- 
cerned which they may or shall commit to him to be man- 
aged and transacted there. 

In Testimony whereof and in pursuance of an Act of 
the said Governor and Company in General Court assembled 
I have signed this Instrument, with the Secretary of the 
Colony aforesaid and caused the Publick Seal of said Colony 
to be affixed to the same this 30*^ day of October in the 34th 
year of the Reign of His Majesty George the Second, By 
the Grace of God King of Great Britain France & Ireland 
Defender of the Faith &c Annoq^e Dom 1760 

THQS FITCH Gov^ 

By Order of the Governor & Company of the Colony of 
Connecticut 

George Wyllvs Secrefy 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall Ocf 31. 1760. 
Gentlemen^ 

Inclosed you will receive an Order from the Lords of 
His Majesty's most Hon^ie Privy Council, notifying to you 
the Death of Our late Gracious Sovereign Lord King George 
of ever-blessed Memory; and directing you to proclaim the 
High and Mighty Prince George Prince of Wales, King of 
Great Britain, France and Ireland, and of all the Dominions 
thereunto belonging, &c. Defender of the Faith, &c. We 
therefore earnestly recommend to you, that you do proceed 
without loss of time to the Execution of these Orders, and 
that His Majesty be accordingly proclaimed in the most 



84 FITCH PAPERS. 

solemn manner and the most proper parts of your Govern- 
ment, and yon are to return to Us a speedy Account of your 
Proceedings herein. 

Inclosed you will also find four printed Copies of His 
Majestys Proclamation, continuing all Officers in the Plan- 
tations, civil and military in their respective Employments, 
till His Majesty's Pleasure shall be further signified ; which 
Proclamation you will take care to make publick, in such 
manner that all His Majesty's Subjects may be fully ap- 
prized of His Majesty's Pleasure in this respect. 

Under the same Cover We likewise transmit to you an 
Instruction, signed by His Majesty, containing His Majesty's 
Directions for an Alteration in the Prayers for the Royal 
Family, to which you will not fail to pay a due Obedience 
We are, Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

humble servants, 

DUNK HALIFAX 
ANDREW STONE 
W G HAMILTON 
WM SLOPER 
Governor & Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Lords Commiss^s for Trade and 
Plantation 31^* Octob' 1760. Rec^ 19th January 1761. 



PRIVY COUNCIL TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

After Our hearty Commendations. Tt having pleased 
Almighty God to take to His Mercy, out of this troublesome 
Life, Our Late Sovereign Lord King George the Second of 
blessed and Glorious Memory; And thereupon His Royal 
Majesty King George the Third being here Proclaimed. 
We have thought fit to signify the same to you, with direc- 
tions, that you do with the Assistance of the Principal 
Inhabitants of the Colony of Connecticut forthwith Proclaim 
His most Sacred Majesty King George the third according 
to the form here inclosed, with the Solemnities and Cere- 
monies requisite on the like Occasions. And you are like- 



FORM FOR PROCLAIMING^THE KING. 85 

wize to Publish and Proclaim a Proclamation for continuing 
the Officers in His Majestys Plantations 'till His Majesty's 
pleasure shall be further signified, which Proclamation will 
be transmitted to you by the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade & Plantations. And so not doubting of your ready 
compliance herein, We bid you heartily farewell. 

From the Council Chamber at Leicester House this 31 
day of October 1760. 

Your Loving Friends 

THO. CANT. 

GRANVILLE P. 

TEMPLE P S. 

DENBIGH 

DUNK HALIFAX 

GOWER 

H. NUGENT 
The Govt and Company of the Colony of Connecticut. 

FORM FOR PROCLAIMING THE KING. 

Whereas it hath pleased Almighty God to call to His 
Mercy Our late Sovereign Lord King George the Second of 
Blessed and Glorious memory, by whose Decease the Im- 
perial Crown of Great Britain, France and Ireland, as also 
the Supreme Dominion and Sovereign Right of the Colony 
of Connecticut in New England, and all other His late 
Majesty's Dominions in America, are Solely and rightfully 
come to the High and Mighty Prince George Prince of 
Wales; We therefore the Governor and Company, assisted 
with Numbers of the principal Inhabitants of this Colony, 
Do now hereby with one full Voice and consent of Tongue 
and Heart publish and proclaim, that the High and Mighty 
Prince George Prince of Wales is now, by the Death of Our 
late Sovereign of happy and glorious Memory, become Our 
only Lawfull and Rightfull Leige Lord George the Third, 
by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and 
Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Supreme Lord of the said 
Colony of Connecticut in New England, and all other His 
late Majesty's Territories and Dominions in America, to 



86 FITCH PAPERS. 

whom We do acknowledge all Faith and Constant Obedience, 
with all Hearty and humble Affection; beseeching God, by 
whom Kings and Queens do reign, to. bless the Royal King 
George the Third with long and happy Years to Reign over 
Us. Given at 

God save the King 
[Indorsed] The Form of a Proclamation for Proclaiming 
King George 3^ transmitted from his Majestys Privy 
Council by the Lords Commers for trade and Plantation 
Rec<i 14th July 1761. 

ROYAL INSTRUCTION TO CONNECTICUT. 

GEORGE R. 

Instruction to Our Trusty and Well- 
beloved the Governor and Company of 
Our Colony of Connecticut in New Eng- 
land in America for the time being. Given 
at Our Court at Leicester House the 31st 
day of October 1760 in the first Year of 
Our Reign. 
Whereas We have been pleased by Our Order in Coun- 
cil of the 2 7'ii of October last, (a Copy whereof is hereunto 
annexed,) to declare Our Pleasure, that in all the Prayers, 
Litanies and Collects for the Royal Family, instead of the 
Words, (their Royal Highnesses George Prince of Wales, the 
Princess Dowager of Wales, the Duke, the Princesses, and 
all the Royal Family,) these should be inserted (Her Royal 
Highness the Princess Dowager of Wales, and all the Royal 
Family ; ) Our Will and Pleasure therefore is, that in all the 
Prayers, Litanies and Collects for the Royal Family to be 
used within Our Colony of Connecticut under your Govern- 
ment, instead of the Words (their Royal Highnesses George 
Prince of Wales, the Princess Dowager of Wales, the Duke, 
the Princesses, and all the Royal Family,) these be inserted 
(Her Royal Highness the Princess Dowager of Wales and all 
the Royal Family.) And for the better Notice hereof in Our 
said Colony, it is Our further Will and Pleasure, that you 




JOHN LAW, 87 

cause the same to be forthwith published in the several 
Parish Churches and other Places of Divine Worship v^ithin 
the said Colony,* and that you take care that Obedience be 
paid thereto accordingly. 

G. R. 

A true Copy of the Original entered in the office of the 
Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations. 

John Pownall Secry 

Plantation Office Nov i, 1760. 
[Indorsed] Copy of his Majestys Instruction for Altering the 

Prayers for the Royal Family 31s Oct^ 1760 Rec^ 14^^ 

Janry 1761 

JOHN LAW TO JOSEPH PITKIN. 

Crown Point Nov^er 12*^ 1760 
How^ Sir 

I have compleated the Business of the Gov* & sent the 
Accts to Mr Edwards. And as it is necessary to be a doing 
something in Life have connected myself with one M"" Chinn 
a very good sort of a Young Genio and Acquainted with 
Business to spend this Winter in Canada, have Obtained 
Credit for a Quantity of Merchandize in New York & as the 
Appearances now are hope a Moderate reward may be 
gained, My Duty to My Hon<i Mother & 

love to Brethereen & Sisters and 

Compliment to Acquaintance Your 
loving & dutifull Son 

JOHN LAW 
Coll Pitkin 

THOMAS FITCH TO WILLIAM PITT. 

NoRWALK 26th Novembr 1760 
Sir 

The Governor and Company of the Colony of Connecti- 
cut Zealous to pay their most humble and Dutiful Respects 



♦Governor Fitch published this instruction in a broadside proclamation issued 
by him, dated New Haven, January 22, 1761, and printed at New London by Timothy 
Green. A copy is in the Yale University Library. 



6S FITCH PAPERS. 

to his Majesty and to bare a part with his other loyal Sub- 
jects in Expressing the lively Sense they have of the 
Glorious Successes which have under the Divine Favour 
Attended his Arms particularly in North America and to 
Render their very grateful Acknowledgements for his 
Majestys Paternal Care and Regard for the Protection and 
Defence of his American Colonies beg Leave to approach 
the throne under your Patronage by their Dutiful Con- 
gratulatory Address to the King which by their Desire I 
have herewith inclosed and transmitted to you and in their 
Name beg Liberty to Request your Favour and Countenance 
in Rendring the Colonys Address and faithful Services 
acceptable to his Majesty* 

The Kings Commands Signifyed by your Letter of the 
23d of August lately Received I forthwith Endeavoured an 
Exact compliance with and tho I have been and am Still 
prosecuting with utmost Diligence Enquiries concerning 
those Matters yet have not been able to make any Discovery 
among us but as soon as possible shall transmit the best in- 
telligence I can procure and shall Carefully Endeavour a 
Conformity to his Majestys Intentions in Every Respect. 
I am Sir with highest Esteem 

Your most Obedient and most humble Servant 
THQS FITCH 
The Right Honourable William Pitt one of his 
Majestys Principal Secretarys of State 

[Indorsed] Letter to the R' Hon^ie William Pitt 26th Novem- 
ber 1760 

CONNECTICUT'S ADDRESS TO THE KING. 

[At the session of the General Assembly in October 
1760 the Colony voted that "an humble Address," to be 
drawn by the governor and signed by the governor and 
secretary, be sent "congratulating his Majesty on the 
glorious success of his arms, especially in North America, 
and expressing the grateful sense this Colony hath of his 



*The text of this Address is not found. 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 89 

paternal care &c." The Address accompanied Fitch's letter 
to William Pitt of November 26, 1760. Colonial Records^ 

XI. 437.] 

COLONY OF CONNECTICUT TO JEFFREY AMHERST 

[At the session of the General Assembly in October 
1760, the Governor was desired in the name and on behalf 
of the Colony to address a letter to General Amherst con- 
g-ratulating him upon the happy success of his Majesty's 
arms under his care and direction, and thanking him for 
the benificent care and wise conduct and protection of the 
troops under his command, especially those of Connecticut. 
Colon ial Kcc cords, X 1 . 4 3 7 . ] 

WILLIAM PITT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Duplicate 

Whitehall. 17th Dec 1760. 
Gentlemen 

His Majesty having Nothing so much at Heart, as, by 
the most vigorous Prosecution of the War, to reduce the 
Enemy to the Necessity of accepting a Peace on Terms of 
Glory & Advantage to his Majesty's Crown, & beneficial, in 
particular, to his Subjects in America, and as Nothing can 
so effectually contribute to that great & essential Object, as 
the King's being enabled to employ, as immediately as may 
be, such part of the Regular Forces in North America, as 
may be adequate to some great & important Enterprise 
against the Enemy; I am commanded to signify to You the 
King's Pleasure, that, in order the better to provide for the 
full & entire Security of his Majesty's Dominions in North 
America, and particularly of the Possession of his Majesty's 
Conquests there, during the Absence of such Part of the 
regular Forces, you do forthwith use your utmost Endeav- 
ours & Influence with the Council & Assembly of your 
Colony, to induce them to raise with all possible Dispatch, 
within your Government two thirds of the Number of Men 
they raised for the last Campaign, and, forming the same 



90 FITCH PAPERS. 

into Regiments, a? far as shall be found convenient, that 
yon do direct them to hold themselves in readiness, & 
particularly as much earlier than former Years, as may 
be, to march to such place or places in North Amer- 
ica, as his Majesty's Commander in Chief there shall ap- 
point, in order to be employed there, under the Supreme 
Command of his Majesty's Said Commander in Chief in 
America, in such manner as he shall judge most conducive 
for the King's Service; And the better to facilitate this im- 
portant Service, the King is pleased to leave it to you to 
issue Commissions to such Gentlemen of your Colony, as you 
shall judge, from their Weight and Credit with the People 
& their Zeal for the public Service, may be best disposed & 
able to quicken & effectuate the speedy Levying of the 
greatest Number of Men ; in the Disposition of which Com- 
missions, I am persuaded you will have Nothing in View, 
but the Good of the King's Service, & a due Subordination 
of the whole to his Majesty's Commander in Chief: And all 
Officers of the provincial Forces, as high as Colonels inclu- 
sive, are to have Rank, according to their several respective 
Commissions, agreeable to the Regulations contained in his 
late Majesty's Warrant of the 30'^ Dec 1757, which is re- 
newed by His present Majesty. 

The King is further pleased to furnish all the Men, so 
raised as above, with Arms, Ammunition & Tents, as well 
as to order provisions to be issued to the same by his 
Majesty's Commissaries, in the same Proportion and Man- 
ner, as is done to the rest of the King's Forces; The whole 
therefore, that his Majesty expects & requires from the sev- 
eral Provinces, is, the Levying, Cloathing, & Pay of the 
Men ; And on these Heads, also, that no Encouragement 
may be wanting to this great & salutary Service, the King 
is further most graciously pleased to permit me to acquaint 
you, that strong Recommendations will be made to Parlia- 
ment, in their Session next year, to grant a proper Compen- 
sation for such Expences as above, according as the active 
Vigour, and strenuous Efforts of the respective Provinces 
shall justly appear to merit. 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 9I 

It is his Majesty's pleasure, that yon do, with particular 
Diligence, immediately collect & put into the best Condition, 
all the Arms issued last Campaign, which can be any ways 
rendered serviceable, or that can be found within your Gov- 
ernment, in order that the same maybe again employed for 
his Majesty's Service. 

I am further to inform you, that similar Orders are 
sent, by this Conveyance, to Massachusets Bay, New Hamp- 
shire, Rhode Island, New York, & New Jersey; the South- 
ern Governments are also directed to raise Men in the 
same Manner to be employed in such offensive Operations, 
as the Circumstances & Situation of the Enemy's Posts, & 
the State & Disposition of the Indian Nations, on that Side, 
may point out and require. 

It is unnecessary to add any thing to animate your Zeal 
in the Execution of his Majesty's Orders, in this important 
Conjuncture, which is finally to fix the future Safety & 
Welfare of America, & of your own Colony in particular; 
And the King doubts not, from your known Fidelity and 
Attachment, that you will employ Yourself, with the utmost 
Application & Dispatch, in this promising and decisive 
Crisis. 

I am, with great Truth & Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 

Humble Servant 

W: PITT.. 

Governor & Company of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Duplicate Letter from M^ Secretary Pitt ly'^ 

Decembr 1760 Rec^ 24th March 1761 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[General Jeffrey Amherst wrote on January i, 1761, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch, informing that on the preceding 
day he had received a letter from the Principal Secretary of 
State that it was the King's resolve to support his allies and 
and to prosecute the war with the utmost vigor, and that 
probably a requisition for the necessary number of men 
from Connecticut would soon be received. See letter from 
Amherst to Fitch of March 15, 1761.] 



92 FITCH PAPERS. 

PROCLAMATION PROCLAIMING KING GEORGE III. 

Whereas it hath pleased Almighty God to call to his 
Mercy Our late Sovereign Lord King George the Second of 
Blessed and Glorious Memory, by whose Decease the Im- 
perial Crown of Great Britain, France and Ireland, as also 
the Supreme Dominion and Sovereign Right of the Colony 
of Connecticut in New England, and all other His late 
Majesty's Dominions in America, are solely and rightfully 
come to the High and Mighty Prince George Prince of 
Wales; We therefore the Governor and Company, Assisted 
with Numbers of the principal Inhabitants of this Colony, 
Do now hereby with one full Voice and Consent of Tongue 
and Heart publish and proclaim, that the High and Mighty 
Prince George Prince of Wales is now, by the Death of Our 
late Sovereign of happy and Glorious Memory, become Our 
only LawfuU and Rightfull Leige Lord George the Third, 
by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and 
Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Supreme Lord of the said 
Colony of Connecticut in New England, and all other His 
late Majesty's Territories and Dominions in America, to 
whom We do acknowledge all Faith and Constant Obedience, 
with all Hearty and humble Affection ; beseeching God, by 
whom Kings and Queens do reign, to bless the Royal King 
George the Third with long and happy Years to Reign over 
Us. Given at the Council Chamber in New Haven the 
twenty Second Day of January in the first year of the Reign 
of Our Sovereign Lord George the Third King of Great 
Britain France and Ireland Defender of the Faith &c Anno 
Domini 1761 

God save the King 
Thqs Fitch Dan^l Edwards 

^^M Pitkin J Hamlin 

Roger Newton Matth^^ Griswold 

Ebenezer Silliman Shubael Conant 

Hez Huntington Kob^ Walker 

And"*^ Burr Thomas Clap 

John Chester Joseph Noyes 

Benjan Hall [ ? ] 



THOMAS FITCH. 



93 



Ebenez'* Punderson 
Sam^^ Whittelsey 
Dan^ Buckingham 
Chauncey Whittelsey 
Napthali Daggett 
Samuel Bird 
Edward Allen 
W** Sam^ Johnson 
NiCH^ Lechmere 
N Whiting 
Gid'^ Tomlinson 
Thqs Fitch Jun^ 
Elihu Chauncey 
Jonth Fitch 
Elihu Hall 
d wooster 
T. Darling 
John Noyes 
Nathan Beers 
[Indorsed by Fitch] Proclam 
George ye third 2 2<i Day 
New Haven said Day. 



Samuel Whiting 
Nathan Birdsey 
Isaac Isaacs 
David Baldwin 
Abel Prindel (? ) 
Hez Fitch 
Stiles Curtiss 
Charles Whittelsey 
John Hubbard 
James Smedly 
Timothy Stone 
John Whiting 
Joshua Chandler 
James Beard 
James Pierpoint 
Elisha Whittelsey 
Leverett Hubbard 
John Hubbard Ju'^ 

ation of his Majesty King 
January 1761, published at 



THOMAS FITCH TO COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE 
AND PLANTATIONS. 

Norwalk 28th January 1761 
My Lords 

On Receiving your Lordships Letter of the 31st of 
October last with a Letter of thate Date from his Majestys 
most honourable Privy Council Notifying the Death of our 
late gracious Sovereign Lord King George of Ever Blessed 
Memory and directing us to. Proclaim his Most Sacred 
Majesty King George the third in this Colony of Connecti- 
cut in the Form therewith inclosed with the Solemnities 
and Ceremonies Requisite on the like Occasions. I pro- 
ceeded without Loss of Time to the Execution of those 
Orders and accordingly forthwith convened the Council to 
Advise and Assist therein and being met at New Haven on 



94 FITCH PAPERS. 

the 2ist Instant it was Concluded in Council that the next 
Day in that Place Proclamation Should be made agreable to 
the Orders Received, and that the Same might be attended 
with proper Decency and in as public a Manner as the 
Severity of the Season and Shortness of Time would Admit 
two Companies of Horse and four of Foot of the Militia were 
ordered to Appear in arms on the Occasion and as Many of 
the Members of the Assembly and other Principal Inhabit- 
ants of the Colony as Could be Convened should Attend and 
Assist in the Solemnity. Accordingly on the 22^ Day of this 
Instant the Troops being under arms & Drawn up in the 
Great Square in New Haven before the Court House The 
Governor Attended by the Dep. Governor & Gentlemen of 
the Council assisted with as many Members of the Assembly 
Judges Justices and other officers and Principal Inhabitants 
of the Colony of Civil Military and Ecclesiastical Characters 
as could be convened Proceeded at the Head of the Militia 
and in Presence of a Numerous Concourse of People met on 
that Occasion to Proclaim his most Sacred Majesty King 
George the third who was accordingly Proclaimed in the 
express words and Form sent us for that Purpose which 
Proclamation being first given at the Council Chamber in 
New Haven the said 22^ Instant was Subscribed by the 
Governor Dep* Governor the Gentlemen of the Council 
many Gentlemen of the Assembly and by many of the 
Aforesaid Officers and Principal Inhabitants of Each of the 
Characters before Mentioned the Proclaiming being Suc- 
ceeded by three General Huzza's the firing twenty one 
Cannon and three Vollies of Small Arms the Whole 
Solemnity was performed with all possible Decency and 
with the greatest Demonstrations of Universal Joy Satisfac- 
tion and Loyalty. 

I beg Leave further to Acquaint Your Lordships that 
the Printed Copies of his Majestys Proclamation continuing 
all officers in the Plantations till his Majestys Pleasure shall 
be further Signifyed has been published in Such Manner 
that all his Subjects may be fully Apprized of his Majestys 
Pleasure in that Respect. A Proclamation also is made out 



THOMAS FITCH. 95 

containing his Majestys Directions for an Alteration in the 
Prayers for the Royal Family ordering the Same to be pub- 
lished in all the Parish Churches and other Places of Divine 
Worship in this Colony Requiing Due obedience to his 
Majestys Commands agreable to his Instructions in that 
Particular. 

I am my Lords with the highest Esteem 

Your Lordships most obedient and most 
Humble Servant 

THQS FITCH 
The Right Hon^ie the Lords Commiss's for Trade and 
Plantations 

[Indorsed] Letter to the Lords Commiss^s for Trade and 
Plantations 28'^ Jan^v 1761* 



THOMAS FITCH TO JOHN POWNALL. 

NoRWALK 8th Febry 1 761 
Sir 

Having Rec'' your Letter of the 18'^ of October acquaint- 
ing me the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 
Desired that three or four Sets of the last printed Edition 
of the Laws passed in this Colony with the public Seal 
affixed should be transmitted to them I Desire you to ac- 
quaint their Lordships I have given orders to have the Books 
prepared but not having them Ready for this Conveyance 
am obliged to wait for another and Shall as soon as possible 
forward them agreable to their Lordships Commands 
I am Sir with very great 

Regard your most Obedient 
and most humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 
John Pownall Esq"" Secv 
[Indorsed] Letter to Jo^ Pownall Esq Sec^y to Board of 
Trade &c 8th FeVy 1761 



■The duplicate of this letter in the Public Record Office is indorsed "Reced 
Read May Stii 1761." 



g6 FITCH PAPERS. 

JAMES HAMILTON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Philadelphia, 10'^ FeVy 1761. 
Str : 

You may please to remember that in the beginning of 
the year 1754, I did myself the Honour to inform Governor 
Wolcot and you 'that some of the Inhabitants of the Colony 
of Connecticut were met going to Wyomink, an Indian 
Town on the Sasquehannah, near the Center of this province, 
and in their way gave out that they had made a purchase 
of those Lands from the Mohock Indians, and had the 
Authority of their Government to come and settle them, as 
being included within the Boundaries of the Connecticut 
Charter.' 

Sensiable of the mischiefs that would arise to the pub- 
lick from this rash proceeding, I earnestly requested that 
an immediate Stop might be put to it; And both Mr. Wilcot 
and you in your Answer were pleased to assure me that 
your Government knew nothing of it, and that you would 
use your endeavours to prevent any farther progress of 
what you justly termed so wild a Scheme. 

Mr. Morris, who succeeded me that year in the Govern- 
ment of this Province on of your people, continuing to raise 
great disturbances in the minds of our Inhabitants and of 
the Indians by the prosecution of that design, wrote to you 
a second Letter, wherein he fully sat forth the repeated 
covenants made by the Six Nations with the proprietaries 
of this Province, that they would not sell any of the Lands 
comprized within the Charter of Pennsylvania to any other 
person or persons, as well as the several Grants made by 
the Sasquehannah Indians of the Lands lying on that River 
and its Branches, and many other particulars that passed at 
Albany in the year 1753 respecting this design, and remon- 
strated strongly against the execution of it, as he judged it 
would infallibly bring on an Indian War. 

I was in great hopes the matters contained in those 
Letters when communicated to the persons concerned in 
that most illegal and chimerical Scheme, would have opened 
their Eyes and made them desist intirely from any further 



JAMES HAMILTON. 97 

prosecution of it; But to my great surprise, I have been 
lately informed that some of your people have begun to 
revive that project, and are actually making Settlements in 
the Indian Country near Cushietunck, on the river Dela- 
ware, and in the upper parts of Northampton County. 

On receipt of this intelligence, I immediately dispatched 
the Sheriff and some of the Magistrates of that County to 
go thither, with orders to warn the Intruders off, to claim 
those Lands for our proprietaries, and fully apprize them 
of the mischievous Consequences that must attend their 
attempting to make Settlements there. 

They were scarce set out on their Journey, before 
Teedyuscung, the Chief of the Delawares, came to me, and 
in a very earnest and formal manner acquainted me that 
the Indians had heard of a Settlement being begun by some 
people from the Eastward on their Lands, and insisted that 
they should be immediately removed by the Government to 
which they belonged, or by me, and sayed that if this was 
not done the Indians would come and remove them by 
force, and do themselves Justice, with which he desired 
they might be made acquainted before hand, that they 
might not pretend ignorance ; I pacified him for the present 
by assuring him that every Measure in the power of this 
Government should be taken to prevent such a settlement, 
acquainting him that on my being informed of this un- 
expected invasion of the Indian and proprietary rights, I 
had sent the Sheriff and Magistrates of Northampton 
County to inquire into it, and would let him know on their 
return all that had been done. 

I am further to acquaint you that those Gentlemen on 
their return have reported to me that they went to the 
place and found about twenty Families settled there, by 
some of whom they were informed that the Government of 
Connecticut, in virtue of their original Charter from the 
Crown, had about 6 or 7 years ago granted to a great Num- 
ber of their people (not less than 8 or 900, who are Called 
proprietaries) of a large [tract] of Land within the limits 
of the province of Pennsylvania, extending on the River 



98 FITCH PAPERS. 

Delaware 30 miles (within which the Lands at Cushietunck 
are included), with full power to the said proprietaries to 
purchase the said Tract from the Indians, and that in con- 
sequence of that Grant, they had purchased it from the 
Indians, laid it out in Townships, and were about to settle 
it as fast as they could, expecting 100 Families more from 
Connecticut to join them in the Spring. 

The claim and strong Remonstration made by the Gen- 
tlemen Commissioned by me for that purpose, had no effect 
on your people, who still declared they were resolved to 
settle and hold those under the said Grant from your Gov- 
ernment and their said Indian purchases, till it should be 
determined against them by the Crown. 

Their Claim, under the Connecticut Charter is, I think 
fully answered in mine and Mr. Morris's former Letters on 
that subject, to which I beg leave to refer you; And as to 
their pretended purchases of that Land from the Indians, 
the Circumstances of that affair, and Lydice's Management 
in obtaining those Deeds at Albany from Single Indians or 
parties of Indians, as they happened to come there on other 
occasions, are too well known to us and to Sir William John- 
son and the principal Six Nation Indians, to give us any 
apprehensions of that part of your people's Claim availing 
them any thing. And with respect to their pretensions 
under a purchase from Jersey Indians, it is notorious they 
never had any Right to those Lands. 

I cannot perswade myself. Sir, notwithstanding what 
these Settlers are pleased to say, that they have received 
any Countenance or Encouragement from your Government 
in taking possession of Lands which undoubtedly belong to 
the Proprietaries of this Province by the Royal Charter, 
wherefore I think it my duty once more to request, that you 
will be pleased to use your utmost Influence with them to de- 
sist from prosecuting their unjust Scheme any further, and 
to remove immediately with their Families, without running 
the Risque of being cut off by the Indians, and involving us 
in a new War with them, which is an Event very much to 
be dreaded, or putting me to the disagreeable Necessity of 



COMMISSIONERS OF CUSTOMS, 99 

using legal Measures to remove them. I am further to re- 
quest you will please to favour me with your Answer hereto 
as soon as, with convenience, you can, advising me of any 
steps you shall think proper to take upon the occasion, in 
which you will much oblige. 

Your most Humble Serv', 

JAMES HAMILTON. 

COMMISSIONERS OF CUSTOMS TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Sir 

Having pursuant to a Warrant from the Treasury issued 
our Deputation to John Temple Esq*" to be Surveyor General 
of the Northern part of the Continent of America in the 
room of Thomas Lechmere Esq. who is thereby Superceded, 
We desire You will afford him Your Assistance and Protec- 
tion as he shall have occasion to apply to You for putting 
in Execution the Laws relating to Trade and Navigation. 
We are Sir 

Your most Obedient 

humble Servants 

H PELHAM 
SL MEAD 
EDWD HOOPER 
C: AMYAND 
Custom house London 12th February 1761 
The Honble the Governor of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Commiss^s of the Customs 12th 
Febry 1761 Rec^ 12*^ Nov^ 1761 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York, 15th March 1761. 
Sir, 

On the I St of January last, I Signified to You, that by the 
Dispatches I had received the preceding day, from His Maj- 
estys Principal Secretary of State, it was the King's firm reso- 
lution Steadily to Support his Allies, and to Prosecute the 
War with the utmost Vigor; and that in Consequence of this 



lOO FITCH PAPERS. 

Resolution, I made no Doubt, but you Should Soon receive 
His Majesty's Requisition for Such a Number of men from 
your Province, as Should be thought -requisite, to Answer 
the Proposed End of Proeuring a good and lasting Peace. 

This requisition was, in fact, dispatched from the Sec- 
retary of State's Office, on the 17th of December last, and I 
Conclude Sent on board the Leicester Packett, which Sailed 
from Falmouth, on the 29'^ of said month, but being unfor- 
tunately taken in her Passage, the Triplicates of those 
Dispatches, are but this moment Arrived in His Majesty's 
Sloop Tamer, & M^ Presidt Golden, to Whom they have 
been Delivered is to forward them without delay. 

It remains therefore with me, after this unexpected 
and Unlucky Detainder, most Earnestly to Entreat you to 
make up for this loss of time, in immediately upon receipt 
hereof Convening your Assembly, & laying before them the 
aforesaid Letter of the Secretary of State, And that you 
will forthwith Use your utmost Endeavors & Influence with 
the Council & Assembly to Induce them to raise with all 
possible Dispatch within Your Government, Two Thirds of 
the Number of Men they raised for the last campaign.* 

The King's Reason's for His Majesty's Requisition of 
this further Aid from His faithfull American Subjects are 
too Obvious & too Clearly Pointed out by the aforesaid Cir- 
cular Letter of His Secretary of State to need any Additional 
Enforcement; And yet I cannot refrain from repeating a 
recommendation Which ought, And I doubt not will have 
with it All the Weight & Impression Which from its pru- 
dence & Sagacity it has a Just right to Expect Since it Pro- 
ceeds from that Spirited View of reducing the Enemy to 
the Necessity of Accepting a Peace on terms of Glory and 
Advantage to His Majesty's Crown and beneficial in Par- 
ticular to His Subjects in America, to Which great and 



*To the Governors of Maryland, Virginia N" & So 
Carolina instead of the words Underlined the following, 
As large a body of Men., as the Number cr Situation of its 
InJiabitajits may allotv. 



JEFFREY AMHERST. lOI 

Essential Object, Nothing can certainly So Effectually Con- 
tribute as the King's being Enabled to Employ, as immedi- 
ately as may be. Such part of the Regular Forces in North 
America, as may be Adequate to Some great and Important 
Enterprize against the Enemy. 

And as Such are the King's Resolutions, and that His 
Majesty the better to Provide for the full & entire Security 
of His Dominions in North America, & particularly of the 
Possession of His Conquests there during Absence of Such 
Part of the Regular Forces to be Employed on the aforesaid 
Enterprize, has Desired that the Several Provinces & Colo- 
nies of this Continent, Should forthwith, raise Two Thirds 
of the Number of Men they raised the last Campaign, I can- 
Jiot, from the Past seal I have Experienced upon all former 
Occasions, on the Part of your Province, but firmly rely and 
trust, that it will upon this* Exert itself to its Utmost, 
And that I shall have the Satisfaction to report to His 
Majesty, how Chearfully it has Acquiesced with His Recom- 
mendation. 

Nothing therefore now remains for me to add, than 
that you will Observe by the aforesaid Circular Letter of 
the Secretary of State, that as a, further Encouragement to 
Such Exertion on the Part of the Provinces, His Majesty 
has ordered, as heretofore, that the Provincial Forces 
Should be Victualled in the Same Manner, and in the Same 
Proportions as the Regulars ; And that they Should be 
Supplied with Arms And Tents, at the Expence of the 
Crown; Moreover, that Strong Recommendations will be 
Made to Parliament in their Session next Year, to grant a 
Compensation to the Provinces for the Expences they may 
be at on this Occasion, According as their respective Vigor, 
& Strenuous Efforts, Shall Justly Appear to merit. I must 



*To the Governors of Maryland, Virginia No & S" 
Carolina instead of the words Underlined the following, 
As large a body of Men, as the Number and Situation of its 
Inhabitants may Allow, I firmly rely 6^ trust that your 
Province will upon this Occasion. 



I02 FITCH PAPERS. 

therefore, As this Aid of Troops, will be immediately 
wanted Most Seriously Recommend it to you, to Obtain 
them from the Assembly without loss of time. And to hold 
them in readiness to March Wheresoever I may have Occa- 
sion for them, upon the first Notice you Shall receive from 
Me for that Purpose. 

I have it also in Command from His Majesty to Enjoin 
you, to Collect and Cause to be Put in to Proper Condition, 
All the Serviceable Arms, that can be found within your 
Province; for every One of Which that Shall be brought to 
the Field, And Shall not return by reason of being Spoiled 
or lost in Actual Service, I Shall pay the Usual Allowance 
of Twenty five Shillings ^ Firelock. 

As it is very Essential to the Services I have in Com- 
mand from the King, that I Should be, as Early as possible. 
Informed of the Resolves of Your Assembly on this head, 
and of the time that the Troops will be ready I beg that as 
Soon as you are Acquainted therewith. You will Signify 
the Same to me by Express, that I may regulate Myself 
Accordingly.- 

I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
His Excellency Governor Wentworth Newhampshire 
N: B: The Like Letter to the Governors of, Massa- 
chusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticutt, New York, New 
Jersey, Pensilvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina & 
South Carolina. 

P: S: To Lt Gov Hamilton, Pensilvania. 

"In the Contingent of Men, Which you are by the 
Kings aforesaid Requisition recommended to raise I Shall 
Allow the Three Hundred, Which by my Letter of the 27th 
Ulto I requested for the Communication between Philadel- 
phia & Fort Pitt, to be a part of. " 

[Indorsed.] Copy of General Amherst's Circular Letter to 
the Govs of Newhampshire, Massachusetts bay, Rhode 
Island, Connecticutt, New York, New Jersey, Pensil- 
vania, Maryland, Virginia, No & 8° Carolina. Dated 



THOMAS FITCH. 103 

New York 15'h February 1761 In Consequence of M^ 
Secretary Pitt's Letter of the 17'^ December, in M. G. 
Amherst's of April 6: 1761 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK 20th March 1761. 
Sir, 

On Tuesday last I received M^ Secretary Pitts Letter 
of the 17'h of December, Signifying- His Majesty's Pleasure 
that this Colony should raise Two Thirds of the Number of 
Men raised for the last Campai|;n, And that I should Direct 
the Men to hold themselves in readiness, to march to such 
place or Places in North America, as you shall appoint, in 
Order to be Employed there Under your Supreme Com- 
mand, in such manner as you shall judge most Conducive 
for the King's Service, And as it has happened these Orders 
did not Arrive so Early as was Intended, I judged it neces- 
sary to make the greater Dispatch in Carrying them into 
Execution; And Accordingly forthwith Issued Orders for 
the Assembly to Convene at Newhaven on Thursday next. 
Which will be as soon as they can possibly be Notified. 
The Same day after my orders were gone out, I had the 
Honour of your Letter of the 15*^^ Wherein I am favored 
with the advantage of your observations, & Influence in my 
Recommendation of those Important Matters to the Con- 
sideration of the Assembly, But as your giving me Some 
further Intelligence, relating to Some particulars in the 
prosecution of this Service, may be a Means not only of re- 
moving Doubts, which may be in Some mens minds, but of 
facilitating, and Quickning the Levies, you will be pleased 
to Allow me to mention the Affair of the Billetting money, 
or the Allowance made in Hew of Provisions, from the time 
of Engaging or Enlisting into the Service; The Article for 
Transportation of such as can best go by Water to the place 
of Rendezvous, that is, Whether these Matters will be 
ordered as in past years, Also the time the Troops must 
Expect to Continue in Service, and some general Intima- 
tions Where they are to be Employed &ca. I imagine it 



I04 FITCH PAPERS. 

will be most Satisfactory, & tend to forward the Levies, if 
the People, Who generally Incline to know What they 
Engage in, might in Some Measure be more particularly 
Informed in regard to those Matters than I am at present 
able to do; These things, Sir, I do not request, further 
than you may Judge it Necessary or prudent to favor me 
with, but so far as you think proper I shall be glad to 
receive in Answer, by the Return of the Post, that I may 
have all the Advantages of Inducement to lay before the 
Assembly and the People, and shall give you an Account of 
the Conclusions of the Assembly, as early as may be. 

I am. Sir, &ca. 

THQS FITCH. 
General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gov Fitch to General Am- 
herst. Dated Norwalk, 20'^ March 1761. Acknowledg- 
ing the Rec* of the General's Circular of the 15* That 
in Consequence thereof, he had Issued Orders for the 
Assembly to Convene ; but desiring the General would 
Enable him to Satisfy them in regard to the Billeting 
Money; the transportation of such as go by Water to 
the place of Rendezvous, and some general Intimations 
where they were to be Employed, &ca. in M. G. Am- 
herst's of April 6: 1761. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York 22<i March 1761. 
Sir, 

The King's orders to the Governors of the Several 
Provinces, not having arrived near so early as might be 
Expected from the Date of them, is undoubtedly a great 
drawback, in point of time, on the preparations for the En- 
suing Campaign; but as it cannot now be remedied, but by 
making the greater Dispatch in the Execution of those 
orders. Which I see you have wisely Endeavored by Con- 
vening your Assembly to meet on Thursday next (the 
Earliest time, you say, they could possibly be Notified) I 
trust that your good Intentions will not only take place, but 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 105 

that when the members are so Assembled, they will Second 
your Diligence, and give all possible Dispatch to the busi- 
ness you have, in Command from the King, to lay before 
them: And I am further willing to hope, that they will not 
want any other Inducement, than those Contained in Mr 
Secretary Pitt's Letter, most readily and Chearfully to 
Comply with His Majesty's Requisition. 

To Enable you, however to give them every Encourage- 
ment towards hastening their Resolves on this head, You 
may assure them from me that their Levies shall reap the 
same Advantages they did last year; that they shall be En- 
titled to, and receive the four pences in liew of Provisions 
from the time of their attestation before a Magistrate, untill 
that of their receiving the Kings Provisions; and that the 
passage of Such as Shall be ordered to Come by Water, shall 
be paid by the Crown at the Usual Stipulated rates; that is 
for only Such men & no more, as shall be delivered over to 
the Commanding officer at the place of Rendezvous that 
Shall hereafter be Appointed. 

With regard to the time of their Continuing in the Ser- 
vice I must most Earnestly Recommend it to you, if possi- 
ble, not to have that limitted. Since, When thro' unforseen 
Events their Services are requsite beyond the limitation, it 
Creates a great deal of discontent & misunderstanding; but 
if you should not be able to Carry this Point, I must En- 
treat that they may be Continued, at least, to the last Day 
of November; not that if they can be spared before they will 
be kept from home till then. 

From the Words of the Secretary of State's Letter, 
it is plain and Evident that this Aid of Men, is required 
with no other View than to Enable His Majesty to Employ 
as iuiniediately as may be Such part of the Regular Forces 
in NortJi America^ as may be Adequate to Some great and 
Important Enterprise against the Enemy in order to reduce 
them to the Necessity of Accepting a Peace on terms of Glory 
& Advantage to His Majesty s Crown & beneficial iti particu- 
lar to His Subjects in America: from all which there is a 
great probability that the Provincial Forces will be Em- 



I06 FITCH PAPERS. 

ployed nearly on the same Spots they were the last Cam- 
paign. 

I think I have now fully solved your Several Questions 
and I hope to your Satisfaction ; I have therefore now only 
to request, that you will avail yourself of them to the best 
advantage in prevailing on the Assembly to Come to a 
speedy Resolution and Acquiescence on His Majesty's 
Commands. 

I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 

Honble Govr FiTCH. 

[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Geni Amherst to Governor 
Fitch. Dated New York, 22<i March 1761. In Answer 
to the Gov^s of the 20*^^ That the New Levies should 
reap the same Advantages they did last Year; the Pro- 
vision Money, and the passage of such as should be 
Ordered by Water, should be paid as Usual, &ca. in 
M. G. Amherst's of April 6: 1761. 

WILLIAM PITT TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Whitehall March 24*^ 1761. 
Sir, 

I received your Letter of the 26'^ Nov last, transmitt- 
ing the Address of the Governer and Company of the 
Colony of Connecticut to the Late King, to congratulate 
His Majesty on the Successes of His Arms, particularly in 
North America; which Address having been presented to 
the Present King, I have the Satisfaction to acquaint You, 
that His Majesty was pleased to receive the Same in the 
Most Gracious Manner, 

I am, with great Truth & Regard, 

Sir, Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

W: PITT 
Gov of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from Right Hon^ie W^ Pitt, Secrefy of 
State Rec<i May 21st 1761 



THOMAS FITCH. I07 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK, 9th April 1761. 
Sir, 

I take the first opportunity, after my Return from the 
Court, to Acquaint you the Assembly has Voted to make 
provision for Levying Cloathing, & paying Two Thousand 
three Hundred Men, Including Officers, to be raised by In- 
listments with all possible Dispatch, for the Ensueing Cam- 
paign, agreable to the King's Commands, Signified by the 
Right Honbie M^ Secretary Pitt's Letter of the 17th Decem- 
ber last; These Troops are to be formed into Two Regi- 
ments, Twelve Companies in Each ; The Colonels appointed 
for the Regiments are Lyman and Whiting. I Proposed it 
to the Assembly, not to fix any certain time, for the Men's 
Continuing in the Service, but as the Assembly Judged un- 
less that was done, it would be very difficult filling up the 
Levies, and that fixing a Period beyond which the Men 
should not be holden, would be most for His Majesty's Ser- 
vice, therefore Resolved that the Men Raised, be dismissed 
as soon as His Majesty's Service will admit, and not to be 
holden beyond the last day of Novem*" next, agreable to 
your desire to me, in case the time of Service should be 
fixed; On this and other Encouragements given, there ap- 
pears to be a prospect of the Companies filling very near, if 
not quite, up to their Complement very soon, and Especially 
if you will be pleased to permit me to Acquaint them their 
Route shall be to the Northward, and not up the Mohawk 
River to Oswego, &ca. As that Road and the Services that 
way, seem to be more immediately in the Province of New 
York, and on the back & Neighbourhood of the Jerseys, and 
the other parts more directly cover New England; perhaps 
it may be thought more proper to Employ such of the New 
York & Jersey Troops to the Westward as may be wanted 
that way; The other Road, I am Informed, will be much 
more agreable to our People, who beg the favour of such a 
Destination, if it may consist with His Majesty's Service, 
and the plan you have Laid; Some Officers decline Accept- 



Io8 FITCH PAPERS. 

ing, by reason of an Aversion to the Osweg-o Road, and I 
fear more continue in Suspence, till that matter may be 
known ; how many Privates will act on the same principles 
I am not able to Say. I Take the Liberty further to 
Acquaint you the Assembly, considering the Extravagant 
Demands of some who pretended to be Suttlers last Cam- 
paign (which in many Instances Exceed the whole of Par- 
ticular Soldiers' Wages) has agreed with Certain Gentlemen 
of Reputation and Honour, to Undertake to Supply our own 
Troops at a Certain Rate with Necessaries and Comforts, 
therefore by the desire of the Assembly, I Hsk your favour 
& Contenance on this Undertaking, and that you will be so 
good also to Order that the Introduction of other unneces- 
sarily into Business of that kind, so far as relates to the 
Connecticutt Troops, may not be admitted to the prejudice 
of this Undertaking; While I am Writing I beg the Liberty 
to desire Your Resolution in regard to another point: Sev- 
eral of the French Prisoners, who are left behind, and Seem 
disposed to Continue in this Country, Offer to Engage in the 
Service of this Year, as they Suppose they will not be Called 
to fighting but to Labor, and tho' I could See no Inconven- 
ience in Employing them, yet I thought it not proper to 
Advise the Officers (who have applied for that purpose) to 
take any such men, unless I had your Approbation; there- 
fore only Ask the favour of an Answer by the Return of the 
Post. 

I am. Sir, with very great Regard & Esteem, &ca. 

THOS FITCH 
His Excellency General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from Governor Fitch to General 
Amherst. Dated Norwalk, g'h April 1761, That the 
Assembly of Connecticutt had Voted 2300 men, In- 
cluding Officers, for the Ensueing Campaign, to be dis- 
missed as soon as His Majesty's Service will Admit, 
and not to be holden beyond the last day of Novem^ 
next, in M. G. Amherst's of May 4: 1761. 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 109 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York 15th April 1761. 
Sir, 

I waited with Impatience for the Resolves of your 
Assembly on the King'"s Requisition, contained in M^ Sec- 
retary Pitt's Letter of the 17'^ December last; and trusted 
they would have ChearfuUy & punctually Complied there- 
with: yet I have the Mortification to learn by your Letter 
of the 9th Inst, that Instead of Two Thirds of the Troops 
Voted by Your Colony last year, they have now Voted only 
Two Thousand, Three Hundred men Including Officers 
Which is upwards of a Thousand less than the Quota De- 
manded; Such a Considerable Diminution you cannot but 
be Sensible must prove very disatisfactory to His Majesty 
and very Justly Incurr his Displeasure; Now as from the 
past zeal of the Colony upon all Occasions, I should be 
sorry they were in the least to forfeit the good Opinion His 
Majesty has all along Entertained of them I cannot out of 
the Regard I have for them my self, help representing 
to them, how Detrimental such an Oversight may be at- 
tended with and to hope, for their Sakes, that they will 
Enable me by reconsidering the matter, and fully answer- 
ing His Majesty's Expectations (which I must Insist upon) 
to report them to the King in the Light I could wish. 

I am Concerned they should have limitted the services 
of their Troops to the 30'^ of Novem*", and the more so, as 
they had my Assurances that they should not be detained A 
Moment after they could be dispensed with ; but as there is 
no Answering for Events, were they to turn out so, as to 
require their remaining some little time beyond the Expira- 
tion of the Term fixed upon, how must the service be Dis- 
tressed by Such a Limitation? 

It will always give me pleasure to Employ the Connecti- 
cutt Troops, in such places as would prove most agreable to 
themselves but as that Depends on the Operations I have in 
Command, I cannot Acquiesce with their requests; As they 
are Demanded in Common with all the other provincial 
Forces, for the General Service they must Submit to Which 



no FITCH PAPERS. 

ever of the two Routes shall best answer the Ends proposed ; 
and I am forced to add that such Officers who have Declined 
Accepting by reason of an aversion to the Oswego Road, are 
not fit persons to be Officers. 

I Approve much of the Exclusion of Suttlers to follow 
your Troops; and hope that the Gentlemen the Assembly 
have agreed with to supply those Troops at a certain rate 
with necessaries & Comforts will remove all the Inconven- 
iences your men have heretofore Labor'd under; And Con- 
sequently those Gentlemen Whom they have thus Engaged, 
may Expect all the favor and Countenance their Just & 
Upright Dealings shall Entitle them to, and they may rely 
that none others in this business shall be Admitted with 
the Connecticutt Troops to the prejudice of this Under- 
taking. 

The very Reason you alledge in favor of Enlisting 
french Prisoners, viz* because it is supposed they will not be 
Called to fighting but to Labour, makes it Less Necessary 
for the Colony to Avail themselves of those men: Since, if 
they can labour in the field, they may be as usefully, if not 
more so. Employed in the Colony; but setting Aside this 
Consideration, I have Another Which proceeds from long 
and mature Deliberation, And that is, that I think it highly 
Improper for those men to be Suffered so near any of Our 
Works or new Settlements And I must therefore Desire 
you, as I have already done this, and the other Govern- 
ments, not to Suffer One of them to be Entertained, As I 
am firmly Resolved upon mustering the Provincial Forces, 
to Object to, and return every one of that kind, that shall 
be found among them, for which I shall Expect other 
Acceptable ones in their stead. 

I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca, 

JEFF: AMHERST. 
Honbie Governor Fitch. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Gen^ Amherst To Governor 
Fitch. Dated New York 15'^ April 1761. In Answer 
to the Govs of the 9'^ That he was Sorry the Colony of 
Connecticutt had Voted only 2300 men, which was up- 



THOMAS FITCH. Ill 

wards of a thousand less than the Quota Demanded; 
but trusts, from their past zeal, they will reconsider 
the matter, and Enable him by fully Answering the 
King's Expectations (which he must Insist upon) to 
Report them to His Majesty in the Light he could 
Wish, in M. G. Amherst's of May 4: 1761. 

THOMAS FITCH TO WILLIAM PITT. 

NoRWALK 25th April 1761. 
Sir 

The triplicate of your Letter of the 17th of December 
last which came first to Hand I Received on the 17th of 
March and as it was late when it arrived I lost no Time in 
Convening the Assembly in order to Lay the Contents 
thereof before them and when met I Recommended the 
matter to their Speedy Codsideration and am now to 
acquaint you that altho the Colony was greatly in debt on 
account of the Extraordinary Expence of the former Cam- 
paigns and very Heavy taxes were before laid on the Inhab- 
itants for Sinking and Discharging the Principal and 
Interest of the Bills of Credit Emitted in years Past for the 
Service of the War a considerable part of which is to be 
paid this Year. Yet the Assembly Zealous to presevere in 
their Strenuous and vigorous Efforts for accomplishing the 
important Ends of the War in North America agreable to 
his Majestys Royal Will and Pleasure Signifyed by your 
Letter has voted and Resolved to make Necessary Provision 
for the Levying Cloathing and pay of two Thousand three 
Hundred Effective men officers included for the Ensuing 
Campaign to be Employed Agreable to the Tenor of your 
Letter and under the Supream Command of his Majestys 
Commander in Chief in America These Men are formed 
into two Regiments and tho' the Time for raising them was 
so very Short yet the Companies are generally full or Near 
it and will soon be ready to March and I conclude they will 
march Earlier than in years Past 

The Number now voted is about two thirds of the num- 
ber Raised by the Colony for the Last Campaign: and by a 



112 FITCH PAPERS. 

Comparison with the Numbers agreed upon in the other 
Governments it will appear Connecticut has agreed upon 
the greatest Proportion for the Service of the present year. 
This the Assembly under all the Burdens Lying on the In- 
habitants has undertaken with humble Reliance on the 
Royal Encouragement of a Compensation being Made as in 
former years the hope and Expectation of which greatly 
Animates and Supports the Spirit of the People who without 
Such Relief would be greatly Distressed in Discharging the 
taxes laid upon them which are much increased by the pres- 
ent Service. 

Since my Letter of the 26'h of November last wherein I 
Signifyed that as soon as possible I should transmit the best 
Intelligence I could procure Respecting the Trade Said to be 
carried on to the French Islands and Settlements on the 
Continent Mentioned in your Letter of the 27,^ of August 
last. I have been very Diligent and particular in making 
Enquiries concerning the Same and have not been able to 
Discover anything of that Kind among us and have Reason 
to believe that none of his Majestys Subjects in this Colony 
have been or are Concerned there whatever therefore of 
that Nature hath been done must have been from some 
other Parts but where I am not able to give any particular 
account 

I am Sir with the highest Esteem and 

Regard your most Obedient and most 
Humble Servant 

THQS FITCH 

The Right Honourable William Pitt one of his majestys 
Principal Secretarys of State. 
[Indorsed] Letter to M>" Secry Pitt 25'h April 1761 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York, 26th April 1761. 
Sir, 

The Season Advances so very fast, in which I can't but 
wish to have the Provincial Troops of the Several Govern- 
ments, already Marching to their respective Destinations; 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS. II 3 

I am therefore unwilling to Wait for an answer to mine of 
the i5'h April, without requesting that you will Order the 
Troops of your Colony to March to their Rendezvous at 
Albany the first moment they are ready, where they shall 
Receive the Four pences for the Billeting Money, in the 
same manner as they did the last year; and as some of the 
Men came by Water, the same allowance shall be made for 
the passage of Each Man that Comes that way, as was paid 
the last Campaign; after which they will receive the King's 
Provisions; and I hope to Employ them in the Route which 
you have mentioned to me, is the most agreable to the 
people in general, in your Government. 

I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca. 

JEFF: AMHERST 

Honble Govr FiTCH. 

[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from General Amherst to Gover- 
nor Fitch. Dated New York 26*^ April 1761. Begging 
him to Order the Connecticutt Troops to March the 
first moment they are ready, to their Rendezvous at 
Albany, where they should receive their Billeting 
Money, as last year; and that the same Allowance 
should be made for the passage of those that come by 
Water, as was paid the last Campaign, in M. G. 
Amherst's of May 4: 1761. 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall April 28th 1761. 
Gentlemen, 

His Majesty having been graciously pleased by Com- 
mission under the Great Seal of Great Britain to constitute 
and appoint us His Commissioners for promoting the Trade 
of this Kingdom, and for inspecting and improving His 
Majesty's foreign Colonies and Plantations, It is Our Duty 
to acquaint you therewith, and to desire, that you will, from 
time to time, give us frequent and very full information 
of the State and Condition of the Colony under your 

8 



114 FITCH PAPERS. 

Government, as well in respect to the Administrations of 
Government and Justice, as to the Trade and Commerce 
thereof; And to the end that We may be the better enabled 
to form a true Judgment of the present State of the Colony 
under your Government, We must desire your speedy 
Answer to the several heads of Enquiry herewith trans- 
mitted to you, and that you will every Six Months make a 
return thereto, that We may be from time to time apprized 
of any Alterations which may happen in the Circumstances 
of the Colony. 

We are Gentlemen 

Your most obedient 

humble Servants 
SANDYS 
SOAME JENYNS 
ED BACON 
EDMOND THOMAS 
GEO: RICE 
Governor and Company of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from Lords Comers for Trade and Planta- 
tions 28th April 1 76 1 Rec<i 10*^ August 



HEADS OF ENQUIRY. 

Queries relating to His Majesty's Colonys and Planta- 
tions in America. 

I St What is the Situation of the Colony under your 
Government, the Nature of the Country Soil and Climate? 
What are the Principal Rivers and Harbours? the Latitudes 
and Longitudes of the most considerable Places in it. Have 
those Latitudes and Longitudes been settled by good Obser- 
vations, or only by common Computations, and from whence 
are the Longitudes computed? 

2^ What are the Boundaries? Have those Boundaries 
been settled and ascertained, and by what authority? If 
any Parts thereof are disputed, by whom? When did the 
Dispute arise and what Steps have been taken, or, in your 
Opinion, ought to be taken to fix the true Boundary Lines. 



HEADS OF ENQUIRY. IIS 

3d What is the present State of the Trade of the Col- 
ony, the Number of Shipping belonging thereto, their 
Tonnage and the Number of Seafaring Men, with the 
respective Increase or Deminuation within ten years last 
past, and to what Causes is that Increase or Diminution to 
be ascribed. Are any Trades, Works or Manufactures sett 
up or about to be set up in the Colony under your Govern- 
ment, which are, or may prove hurtfull to Great Britain? 
If there are any such, how may they be suppress'd diverted 
or restrained. 

4th What Quantity & Sorts of British Manufactures 
do the Inhabitants annually take from hence? 

5th What Trade has the Colony under your Govern- 
ment with any Foreign Plantations or any Part of Europe, 
besides Great Britain? How is that Trade carried on, and 
what Commodities are sent to or received from such Foreign 
Countries or Plantations? 

6th What Methods are there used, to prevent illegal 
Trade and are the same effectual; If not, what Method may 
be proper in your Opinion, to be taken for Obtaining so 
desirable an object? 

7th What is the natural Produce of the Country Staple 
Commodities and Manufactures. What Value thereof in 
Sterling Money may you annually export, and to what 
Places? What Regulations have been at any time made for 
preventing Frauds and Abuses in the Exportation of the 
Produce or Manufacture of the Colony and at what time 
did those Regulations take Place? 

8th What Mines are there. Have those Mines been 
opened and worked, and what may be the reputed Produce? 

9th What is the Number of Inhabitants Whites and 
Blacks. 

loth Are the Inhabitants increased or decreased within 
the last ten Years; how much and for what Reasons? 

nth What is the Number of the Militia, under what 
Authority and Regulations is it established; what is the 
Expence of it, and how is that Expense defray'd? 



Il6 FITCH PAPERS. 

12th What Forts and Places of Defence are there with- 
in your Government, in what Condition, and what Garrisons 
are kept therein; What is the annual Expence of maintain- 
ing each Fort, and out of what Fund is it paid? 

13th What is the Number of the Indians Inhabiting 
those Parts of America lying within or Bordering upon 
your Colony. What Contracts or Treaty of Peace and 
Friendship have been made with them and are now in force? 
What Trade is carried on with them and under what Regu- 
lations, and how have those Regulations been established? 

14th What is the Strength of your Neighbouring Euro- 
peans, French, or Spaniards, and what Effect have those 
Settlements upon His Majesty's Colonys and more particu- 
larly upon that under your Government. 

15'h What is the Revenue arising within your Govern- 
ment, when was it established and by what Laws or other 
Authority? To what Service is it appropriated. How 
appl'd and disposed of, and in what Manner are the Accounts 
Audited and passed? 

16* What are the Establishments Civil and Military 
within your Governments; By what Authority do the several 
Officers hold their Places, what are the Names of the 
present Officers, when were they appointed and what is the 
reputed annual Value of those Offices; what Salaries and 
Fees have they; by what Authority are their Salaries & 
Fees paid and under what Regulations? 

lyth What is the Constitution of the Government in 
General, and particularly what Courts are there established 
for the due Administration of Justice; when were those 
Courts established; What are their Rules of Proceeding, 
and how are the Judges and other subordinate Officers 
appointed. 

Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Queries from Board of Trade &c Rec^ lo'^^ 

august 1 76 1 



THOMAS FITCH. II7 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK ist May 1761. 
Sir, 

On Receiving your Letter of the 26th last, I gave 
Orders to the Colonels of the Connecticutt Regiments to 
make all possible Dispatch in getting the Troops ready to 
march to the place of Rendezvous at Albany, and to march 
as soon as ready, agreable to your Desire, Which I hope 
will be soon, as I hear the Companies are pretty Gen- 
erally full, or very near it. The Encouragement You have 
been so good as to give me of Employing our Troops in 
that part of the General Service, which I mentioned as 
most agreable to them, will give them much Satisfaction 
for which I return You my Sincere thanks. The Assembly 
of this Colony Zealous of Exerting themselves in His 
Majesty's Service, and Desirous of rendring themselves 
and their Efforts Acceptable to the King, have always En- 
deavoured to bear a full proportion in the Common Cause; 
And tho' in every Instance the Colony has not been able 
fully to Accomplish What was Intended to be done, Yet, 
that was not for want of Zeal, or good Intention in pro- 
moting His Majesty's Service but for want of Ability to 
perform. What the Assembly from time to time was willing 
and hoped to be able to Effect ; and therefore they supposed 
they had just Reason to Expect (as I Conclude they have 
had) favorable Representations of their Services to the 
King by His Commanders in Chief in America. The last 
Assembly in making provision for the Ensueing Campaign, 
I Suppose, Apprehended they Acted full up to His Majesty's 
Expectations, and that they did so, may appear, if the Ex- 
pressions of Mr Secretary Pitt's Letter be Considered Which 
are, Two Thirds of the Numbers of men they raised for 
the last Campaign, not two Thirds of the Number Voted, 
or for which provision was by Vote made &ca; It is well 
known that tho' the Colony shewed its willingness to pro- 
vide for more than could be procured Yet it was not able to 
raise men to the Number Desired and Two Thirds of the 



Il8 FITCH PAPERS. 

Numbers raised the Assembly Judged to be the Number 
Intended, Which I suppose they have Complied with ; It 
may further be Considered, that if what Connecticutt has 
done be Compared with What the Other Northern Colonies 
have done, it will Appear this Colony has agreed to raise a 
greater proportion than any Other Computing by any Rule 
Whereby the Quotas of Each Government have been pre- 
tended to be ascertained. And as this Colony heretofore, 
Endeavored to Act up to its utmost Ability without Dis- 
puting about proportions, so it has done this year, and as it 
stands in that respect the foremost of every Government, it 
will be very hard to be represented as deficient. I shall 
nevertheless lay the Matter, as Contained in your Letter of 
the 15th April before the Assembly which is to meet the 14'^ 
Instant, and recommend it to their Reconsideration. 

As the Assembly Judged it most Expedient to limit the 
time beyond which the Troops were not to be held in Ser- 
vice, so it was Supposed the time You mentioned would be 
full late for them to be held unless they should go into Gar- 
rison, Which it was not hinted they would be wanted for. 

I have taken Care to Acquaint the Officers they are not 
to Enlist any French Prisoners, and am very well satisfied 
with Your Determination about them. The Colony had no 
thought of availing itself with the service of those men but 
the motion arose from the Prisoners themselves to the En- 
listing Officers,* who Applied to me for Advice. 

I am. Sir, &ca. 

THOS FITCH 
His Excellency Geni Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from Governor Fitch to General 
Amherst. Dated Norwalk, i^t May 1761. In answer to 
the General's of the 26th Apr^ That as he heard the 
Companies were pretty generally full, or very near it, 
he hoped soon to forward them on their March to 
Albany, agreable to the General's Desire, &ca. in M. 
G. Amherst's of May 4: 1761. 



JEFFREY AMHERST. II9 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York, 2^ May 1761. 
Sir, 

I Have this afternoon received your Letter of the i^t 
Instant; I am glad it has been in my power to Allot the 
Connecticutt Troops to a part that is so generally Satisfac- 
tory to the people of your Colony. 

I am glad to find the Troops are in such readiness, 
& trust you will Send them, as soon as possible, to the Ren- 
dezvous at Albany, according to my Letter of 26'^ Ultimo. 

The Last Assembly must certainly have misunderstood 
Mr Secretary Pitt's meaning, in requiring two Thirds of the 
Numbers which were Voted last Year. 

I Have Wrote to you so full on this Subject that I trust 
I need not Say any more, but that Your Colony will, by a 
Continuance of their Zeal, and an Exertion of their Abili- 
ties, Enable me to make such Representations of their Ser- 
vices as will be Acceptable to His Majesty. 

I am, with great Regard 
Sir, &ca. 

JEFF: AMHERST. 

Honble Govr FiTCH. 

[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from General Amherst to Gov- 
ernor Fitch. Dated New York, 2^ May 1761. In Answer 
to the Governor's of the i^t That he was glad to find the 
Connecticutt Troops were in such readiness ; and trusted 
that the Colony, by a Continuance of their Zeal, and an 
Exertion of their Abilities, would Enable him to make 
such Representations of their Services, as would be 
Acceptable to His Majesty, in M. G. Amherst's of 
May 4: 1761 

JOHN CLEVELAND* TO JOHN POWNALL. 

Admty Office: 4th May 1761 

The Navy Board representing to my Lords Commis- 
sioners of the Admiralty, that they have been informed by 
Mr Ingersoll of Connecticut, with whom they have con- 

*John Cleveland was made Second Secretary to the Commissioners of the 
Admiralty in 1746, and was advanced to First Secretary in 1751. 



I20 FITCH PAPERS. 

tracted for a Cargo of Masts, Yards, & Bowsprits for the use 
of the Royal Navy, that there is a great want of a Vice 
Admiralty Court in that Colony, for preventing the frequent 
Trespasses committed in the King's woods, & the destroying 
such Trees as would be useful for supplying his Majts Ships 
with Masts; and proposing to establish an Admiralty Court 
there accordingly, as the most effectual means to preserve 
the growth of large Masts, which they find are now pro- 
cured with great difficulty from the usual Places of impor- 
tation ; I am commanded by their Lordships to send you 
herewith a Copy of M^ Ingersoll's Letter on this subject, 
together with Copies of two others, to the same purpose, 
wrote by M*" Wentworth, Surveyor of the Woods, to M^" 
Wellcot, who was then Governor of Connecticut; and to de- 
sire you will please to lay the same before the Lords of 
Trade & Plantations, requesting at the same time their 
Lordship's Opinion, whether it may be proper to establish 
a Vice Admiralty Court in the aforesaid Province, and in 
case they shall be of that Opinion, my Lords of the Admir- 
alty desire their Lordships of the Board of Trade to recom- 
mend fit and able person to be Judge & Register of the 
said Court. I am Sir 

Your most humble Servant 

J. CLEVELAND 
John Pownall Esq. 
[Indorsed] Proprieties Connecticut Letter from M^ Cleve- 
land Secry to the Lords of the Admiralty dated 4 May 
1 76 1, inclosing Copies of Papers respecting the great 
want of a Vice Admiralty Court in Connecticut & re- 
questing this Board to recommend fit Persons for Judge 
and Register of the s<i Court Reced Read 19 May 1761. 

JARED INGERSOLL TO COMMISSIONERS OF THE 
ADMIRALTY. 

Copy of a Letter from M^ Jared IngersoU, to the Navy 
Board, dated the 27'h March 1761. 
GenP' 

You having Agreed with me to get a Load of Masts by 
the way of Connecticut River in New England, in order very 



JARED INGERSOLL. 12 1 

much to try whether the Navy may not be Supplyed with 
that Article from that part, to better advantage than at 
present from the usual places there, I beg leave to acquaint 
you, that I think it quite needful there vShould be a Court of 
Vice Admiralty erected in the Colony of Connecticut for the 
better carrying into Execution the said Contract. 

My reasons are, that many of the People in those parts, 
influenced by motives of immediate Profit to themselves, do 
sometimes Commit tresspasses in the King's Woods, and 
destroy such Trees as would best answer the great and 
more valuable purposes of supplying the Navy, which 
Transgressions are with difiQculty Corrected by Trials at 
Common Law, inasmuch as the Delinquents at those Tribu- 
nals are to be found guilty of the facts charged upon them 
by a Jury of their Peers, who you may easily guess are 
sometimes in danger of being influenced by strong prejudi- 
ces in favour of the Trespass Committed 'twas for this rea- 
son that the Parliament thought proper by the Statute of 
the 8th of George the i^t Chap XII. to give the Cognizance 
of such trespasses to the Courts of Vice Admiralty. 

The aforesaid Colony being a place of no very great 
Trade, a Court of Vice Admiralty has never been Erected 
there, the Judge of that Court in the Neighbouring Province 
of New York, having usually had a Clause in his Commis- 
sion, enabling him to hold Plea occasionally in Connecticut, 
I suppose was thought Sufficient, but the difficulty of pre- 
vailing on the Judge there to be at the expence of removing 
into the other Colony to hold Courts of such matters as 
trespasses in the King's Woods, where little profit accrues 
to the Judge, has occasioned that branch of his Business to 
be quite neglected this will best appear, as also the necessity 
of such Court being Erected in that Colony, from the Copies 
of the two Letters Inclosed wrote to a former Governor of 
Connecticut by Mr Wentworth the Surveyor General of the 
Kings Woods. 

As you are about to write to the Lords Commissioners 
of the Admiralty, in order to my obtaining the proper leave 



122 FITCH PAPERS. 

for Cutting the Timber that will be necessary for the full- 
filling my Contract with you, I thought it proper to suggest 
the foregoing matter to you, in hopes that you will think it 
worth your while to intimate to their Lordships, your Sense 
and Opinion of it, at the same time that you write of the 
other Matter. 

The Weight of your recommendation, and Sense of the 
matter, will greatly facilitate the obtaining the favour, and 
add to the obligations already laid on, &c^ 

J: INGERSOLL 

P S. shall wait on you for the Answer in a few days 

J.I. 

BENNING WENTWORTH TO ROGER WOLCOTT. 

Copies of two Letters from Benning Wentworth Esq*" 
to the Honbie Roger Wolcott, dated at portsmouth in New 
England, the I'j^^ Janry 1753* & 15'^ May 1755 



Sir 

Mr Blake the bearer hereof having acquainted me that 
the Kings Commission appointing me Surveyor General of 
his Majesty's Woods in North America, which I formerly 
transmitted to be recorded in Your Government, met with 
an Accident by which means some part thereof was intirely 
lost, and some other parts were not legible, for these rea- 
sons and that his Majesty's Service might not Suffer within 
the limits of your honours Government, I have thought it 
necessary to send a second Copy duly Authenticated, which 
said Blake will exhibit to your honour, & I must desire that 
you will give immediate Orders that it may be recorded in 
your Secretary's Office, that no prejudice may arise to his 
Majesty's Service for want thereof. 

Mr Blake makes heavy Complaints of the Interruption 
he meets with in the Execution of his Office which so far as 



*This letter is printed in The Wolcott Papers (Collections, Volume 
XVI), page 231. 



BENDING WENTWORTH. 123 

they are founded upon Truth I am hoping your honour will 
redress, and that your Civil and Military Officers may re- 
ceive your Commands to be aiding and Assisting to him the 
said Blake in the legal Execution of his Employment which 
will be highly acceptable to me, and is what the King has 
Enjoined on all his Governors. 

Among other things which Blake Complains of he 
informs me that while he was in the Execution of his Office 
One Daniel Whitmore of Middletown threw him into a Mill 
Pond, whereby his Life was much endangered, and he 
otherwise disabled thereby from pursuing the King's busi- 
ness, I must therefore rely on your honours giving M"" Blake 
due Countenance in carrying on a prosecution against the 
said Daniel Whitmore, intending to carry this Indignity to 
the King's Authority through the Law in your Colony, and 
then to appeal to his Majesty if I have not ample satisfac- 
tion made in your Courts, 

These difficulties and Obstructions have made it neces- 
sary for me to apply for Establishing a Court of Vice 
Admiralty in the Colony of Connecticut, that his Majesty's 
Service may meet with no Delays as has been the case 
heretofore, whereby many Trespasses on the Kings Woods 
have Escaped being brought to Justice. I am &c^ 

B: WENTWORTH 

I must desire your favour in giving the necessary 
Orders for Swearing M^ Blake & M^ Hezekiah Sumner, 
who likewise is appointed an Assistant to me, in taking 
care of the King's Woods. 

B. WENTWORTH 
I Thomas Fitch Esq^" Governour of His 
Majesty's English Colony of Connecticut in 
New England in America. 

To all whom it may concern do hereby Certify and 
make known, that the Writings hereunto annexed. Sub- 
scribed B Wentworth, are true Copies of two Original 
Letters now in my custody, the last of which, tho' directed 
to Governour Wolcot my predecessor, came to my hands on 
the 26*1^ day of the Month of May 1754, I then being Gover- 



124 FITCH PAPERS, 

tiour of said Colony, and that in consequence of the request 
in said Letter, M^ Daniel Blake was Sworn in the said 
Month of May to a faithful Discharge of his Office before 
me, a Certificate of which I indorsed on the back of his 
Deputation. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set ray hand and 
affixed my Seal at Arms in said Colony the 14th day of Sep- 
tember in the thirty second year of his Majesty's Reign 
Anno Dom: 1758. 

Thqs Fitch 

Copies E. Mason 

THOMAS FITCH TO JAMES HAMILTON. 

NoRWALK, 7th May, 1761. 
Sir: 

Upon receiving your Letter of the loth February, I 
thought it expedient to make some more particular Enquiry 
concerning those affairs you mentioned than I had before 
made, that I might give as exact an account of those 
matters as I could obtain, and should have wrote you an 
answer some time since but have been prevented by indis- 
position, which I presume will be a sufficient excuse for my 
not acknowledging the receipt of your Letter till now; I 
find that in May, 1755, a memorial was preferred to the 
Assembly by some Gentlemen in behalf of certain Pur- 
chasers who were therein called the Susquehannah Company, 
representing they had, for a very valuable Consideration 
Bonafide, purchased from all the allowed Chiefs of the Six 
Nations or Iroquois a large Tract of Land situate on the 
Susquehannah River, about sixty or Seventy Miles North 
and South, and from about Ten Miles East of said river, to 
extend two degrees Westward for the purpose of carrying 
on a Numerous and well regulated Plantation ; and that as 
they were sensible such purchase could not alone vest in 
them the absolute Fee, they were also equally apprehensive 
of the necessity of obtaining his Majesty's Confirmation 
and royal authority to their Incorporation, but as they 
suppose the Lands lay within the original Limits of the 



THOMAS FITCH. 125 

Connecticut Charter, they were doubtful whether the former 
Grant contained in that Charter might not be objected to 
their obtaining such Confirmation, as they signified to be 
their Intention to apply for. Upon this the Assembly sig- 
nified their opinion that the peaceable and orderly erecting 
and carrying on a well regulated Colony or Plantation 
there, might have a good effect etc., and accordingly mani- 
fested their ready acquiesance therein if it should be his 
Majesty's royal pleasure to grant said Lands to the Peti- 
tioners, and thereupon to settle and erect a new Colony in 
such form, and under such regulations as might be consis- 
tent with his royal Wisdom ; whether the Assembly at that 
time had any apprehension those Lands were in the Limits 
of the Charter of Pennsylvania or not, I am not able to say; 
I suppose very few, if any, among us were acquainted with 
the particular description of the Bounds of that Charter; 
But whether such purchase and proceedure interfered with 
any other Claim, the Assembly did not undertake to con- 
sider, as the motion was that they should by some Declara- 
tion signify that Connecticut would make no claim under 
the charter to this Colony, in opposition to their motion to 
the Crown, which the Assembly readily made; Thus Sir, 
you see that the Assembly have been so far from making a 
Grant of those Lands that they rather disclaim them and 
leave those who have any Challenges by purchase, or former 
Grants, to conduct and manage as {hey think proper. 

This Government, therefore, as such, have no concern 
in those affairs, nor have any inclination or disposition to 
interest itself in any dispute about those Lands; and, altho' 
the purchasers may, most of them, live in Connecticut, yet, 
as they act in a private Capacity, and even out of the 
Government, we can do nothing only by advice relative to 
their Conduct under another Jurisdiction. The impropriety, 
therefore, of this Government undertaking to prohibit 
people's purchasing Lands in the Limits of your propriet- 
ary's Claim, and in your Government or any other, save 
our own, must be very apparent, as every Government has 
the sole right to command, forbid, etc. in its own Jurisdic- 



126 FITCH PAPERS. 

tion, SO has Pennsylvania in the present Case, if these things 
are within it; Nevertheless, as far as my influence will 
extend, I shall not fail in using- it to prevent the ill conse- 
quences you mention; but if those purchasers should apply 
to the King, You will, doubtless, have a fair opportunity to 
oppose any motion they may make. 

I have lately heard there are another set of purchasers, 
called the Delaware Company, but I know but little about 
them, only I suppose they claim more East, than the other, 
and am ready to think the Familys you mentioned to be 
settled in those parts are under that Company, but who 
they be, when and what they purchased, I am not in- 
formed. 

I am. Sir, with much respect. 

Your most Obedient and most humble Servant, 
THOS. FITCH. 

Governor Hamilton. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York, 17th May 1761. 
Sir, 

I Have received a Letter from L' Gov Hamilton 
Acquainting me of his Apprehensions of the behavior of 
the Indians, on Some People of the Government of Connec- 
ticutt taking possession of Some Lands, to Which the In- 
dians Claim a Right. 

A War breaking out at this time with the Indians may 
be of most fatal Consequences; I have answered Governor 
Hamilton's Letter, and I Enclose you a Copy of it, that 
you may be fully Informed of my Opinion concerning this 
Affair. 

I am. Sir, &ca. 

JEFF: AMHERST. 
Honbie Governor Fitch. 
[Indorsed] Copy Letter from Geni Amherst to Governor 
Fitch. Dated New York, 17*^ May 1761. Acquainting 
him of L' Governor Hamiltons having represented to 
him the Encroachments making by some of the In- 



JOHN POWNALL. 127 

habitants of Connecticutt on some Lands in the Prov- 
ince of Pensylvania; and as the Consequences, at this 
time, might be very fatal by Occasioning an Indian 
War, he Encloses the Governor a Copy of his Answer 
to Lt Governor Hamilton, on the Subject, by which he 
would See his Opinion concerning this affair, in M. G. 
Amherst's of Aug' 13: 1761 



JOHN POWNALL TO JOHN CLEVELAND. 

To John Clevland Esq"", Secretary to the Lords of the 
Admiralty. 
Sir, 

Your Letter to me of the 4*^ instant, upon a Represent- 
ation made, by the Commissioners of the Navy, of the Ex- 
pediency of having a Court of Vice Admiralty established 
in the Colony of Connecticut, and signifying the Desire of 
the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that the Lords 
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, would give their 
Opinion, whether it may be proper to establish such a 
Court, and if so, that they would recommend fit and able 
Persons, to be Judge and Register of the said Court, has 
been laid before their Lordships, and I have their Direc- 
tions to acquaint you, that it appears from the Records of 
this Office, that upon the first Establishment of regular 
Admiralty Courts in the Plantations, North America was 
divided into seven Districts each District containing those 
Colonies which lay contiguous; that a Court of Vice Admir- 
miralty, consisting of a Judge, Register, Marshall and Ad- 
vocate, was appointed for each District, and that one of 
those Districts comprehended the Colonies of New York, 
Connecticut and East Jersey. 

It does not fall within their Lordships Department, to 
know with Certainty, whether any, or what Alteration has 
been made in this System, since that period, the Sole ap- 
pointment and Direction of Admiralty Courts and their 
Jurisdiction, having been vested in the Year 1703, in the 
Lord High Admiral. 



128 FITCH PAPERS. 

It appears however, from the Papers inclosed in your 
Letter, that the Court of Vice Admiralty of New York does 
still comprehend within its Jurrisdictiori, the Colony of Con- 
necticut, and therefore the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations conceive that the Propriety, or Impropriety, 
of any New Establishment, must depend upon such Infor- 
mation, as the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty shall 
have received, of the Sufficiency or Insufficiency of that 
Jurisdiction, as it stands at present, concerning which no 
Complaint has been made to this Board. 

Their Lordships therefore under these Circumstances, 
cannot take upon them to give any Opinion, as to the Ex- 
pediency or Inexpediency of any new Regulation, with re- 
spect to the Admiralty Jurisdiction in the Colony of Con- 
necticut; nor are they sufficiently acquainted, with the 
Names and Characters of Persons proper to be the Officers 
of a separate Admiralty Court for that Colony, in case it 
should be thought adviseable to establish such a Court; 
I am Sir, 

Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

J. POWNALL 

Whitehall May 26'^ 1761. 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Hartford, 30*^ May 1761. 
Sir, 

I Have received your Letter of the 17*^ Instant, Enclos- 
ing a Copy of your Letter, to L* Govr Hamilton, for which 
I Return you thanks. 

M"" Hamilton some time since Wrote to me on that Affair, 
to whom I sent an answer, which I trust will be to his Satis- 
faction, but he had not received it when he Wrote to you. 
I acquainted him that there were a Number of Persons 
mostly, I Supposed, Living in Connecticut, who represented 
to the Assembly, they had purchased of all the Allowed 
Chiefs of the Six Nations of Indians, a Large Tract of Land 
on the Susquahannah River, & proposed to Petition the King 



THOMAS FITCH. I 29 

for a Charter, but as it was Supposed it lay within the Origi- 
nal Bounds of the Connecticutt Charter, it might, on that Ac- 
count, be Objected against them. It had been already- 
Granted &ca. On this the Assembly Declared that if His 
Majesty should think proper to Grant their Request, this 
Government Acquiesced therein, which is no more than 
Saying, they had no Objection, or Claim, against it; and 
that this Company have as yet made no pretence of Enter- 
ing on those Lands. 

I Acquainted him likewise there was another Company 
of Purchasers (as I was Informed) who called themselves 
the Delaware Company, but who they were, or of whom 
they purchased, I was not able to Say ; and that it was from 
this last mentioned Company those people who had Entered 
on those Lands proceeded, and with regard to both, that 
they were particular persons Acting for themselves, and 
that the Government in no wise Interested itself with, or 
was Concerned for them. 

You will therefore See, Sir, there is no Dispute between 
the two Governments about those Lands; nevertheless I 
Acquainted him, I would Use my Influence to prevent the 
111 Consequences he mentioned ; and as I am Sensible a Con- 
troversy with the Indians, would be very Unhappy, I shall 
Endeavour all I can to Dissuade the people that Live in 
Connecticutt from laying any foundation for such bad 
Consequences. 

As our Troops are marched, & marching, I presume a 
great part of them will be at Albany, before you receive 
this, and by the Information I have had. Conclude you will 
find the Companies, one with another, to be Compleatly 
full, of which Colonel Whiting can give you a more particu- 
lar & Exact Account. 

I am. Sir, with very great Respect, 
&ca. 
THOS FITCH. 

His Excellency General Amherst. 
[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from Gov^ Fitch to General 

Amherst. Dated Hartford, 30'^ May 1761. In Answer 



130 FITCH PAPERS. 

to the Genis of 17th May; In relation to the Encroach- 
ments, making by some of the People of Connecticutt 
on Lands in the Governmt of Pensylvania. Acquaints 
the General that the Disputes in Question were not 
between the two Governments, but particular persons 
Acting for themselves; that he had Acquainted L* Gov 
Hamilton thereof and that he should use his Influence 
to prevent the 111 Consequences, that might arise from 
such Disputes at this Critical time, in M. G. Amherst's 
of Augt 13: 1 76 1. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[General Jeffrey Amherst wrote on June 15, 1761, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch, requesting the continuance of a 
number of the troops from Connecticut during the coming 
winter and until July i, 1762, if necessary. Colonial Records, 
XI. 602. See also Colonial Records of Rhode Island, VI. 
285, and Amherst's letter of Oct. 11, 1761.] 

JONATHAN TRUMBLE TO COLONEL FITCH.* 
Lebanon i8th June 1761. 



Si', 



tr 



Being informed That Cap' Porter is gone forward to 
Albany in the same pursuit he had at Hartford before the 
Assembly; have desired M^ Williams to come with* this to 
[you?] fearing That Some of the Officers & Soldiers by his 
Coloured representations might give you some Trouble & 
call your Attention from the Necessary Concerns in for- 
warding the goods. To Set the Affair of the Contract in a 
True Light & prevent ye intended mischiefs, & That his 
help might be Needed to promote the coinon Interest & Con- 
sidering the Occassion there might be to Send to New York 
& the Necessity of your Constant Attention to our other 
Bussiness at Albany, Tho't M"" Williams might benificially be 
improved That way: 



*This draft of a letter, in Jonathan Trumble's hand, has been much altered 
by erasures and interlineations. It may have been written to Col. Eleazer Fitch. 



JARED INGERSOLL. I31 

Mr Alden went from home before 'twas known here 
that Capt Porter was gone, or even tho't he would go to 
Albany, 'Tho he Threatned it, Cap' Cushman is gone with 
Alden to purchase the Sheep & Cows w^ probably will be 
there by you receive this: It can't be imagined That after 
what The Undertakers have Assured The Assembly & The 
Officers that any uneasiness can arise when the whole Affair 
is Represented in that Just & True Light you are able to 
sett it. 

Nothing but Just & Upright Dealing has been Used, or 
is designed or desired in The Case, & Hope to hear soon 
from you That all is Easy & Goes forward to Satisfaction 
[Indorsed] Copy To Col^ Fitch ^ M-" Williams 



JARED INGERSOLL TO SAMUEL MARTEN. 
Sr 

A brief Ace* of the Publick transactions relative to y^ 
War in America, will, I believe, throw the best Lights upon 
the Demand which the Colony of Connecticut makes, of pay 
for Victualling Certain Troops of theirs, raised & Sent to 
the relief of Fort William Henry in Augt 1757, and at the 
Same time will Shew the different ground of this demand, 
from the Claim of the beforementioned, & Some other of 
the Northern Colonies, in the year 1756. 

this I shall therefore Attempt, as Concisely as possible, 
in obedience to their Lordships Commands which you was 
So good as to Communicate to me, 

before & in the beginning of the year 1756, the Colonies 
raised Troops at the request of M^" Shirley the Commander 
in Cheif, without having any particular Encouragement 
from the Crown of any pay. Either for provisions or wages 

in the beginning of the year 1756 his Majesty in Council 
was pleased to Determin that the Crown Should be at the 
Expence of Subsisting the Troops which the Colonies Should 
raise, and directed the Same to be Signifyed to the Colonies 
accordingly by the Secretary of State — the Like Declaration 
has taken place Every year Since. 



132 FITCH PAPERS. 

The Colonies in the beginning of the year 1756, Raised 
their Troops & provided y^ Necessary provisions for them, 
upon the Same Views as they had done the year before, as 
they did not know of the Kings Determination to Victual 
the Troops Until after they had raised & Sent them into the 
field — the Knowledge of that matter reached them about 
the Month of July 1756, when my L,^ Loudoun arrived with 
the Chief Command — from that time the Provincial Troops 
were Victualled by the Crown ; but nothing paid for the pro- 
visions which the Colonies had Expended after the Kings 
Determination to Victual the Troops & before the Colonies 
knew of that Determination, and as those provisions were 
not advanced upon any agreement with the Colonies or En- 
couragment known to them, on the part of the Crown, the 
Colonies were Left merely to the Equity of their Claim as 
the ground of their demand, it not being the Duty of the 
Command^ in Chief, or other person to pay for the Same. 
Accordingly the matter being brought before the Lords of 
the Treasury, was referred to Parliament & there a grant 
was made of the Sums they had so Expended for Victualling 
their Troops after the Kings Determination to Subsist them 
& before & until that Subsistance Actually took place, inas- 
much as ye King had Declared his Intentions to Victual the 
Troops although the Colonies did not know of that Declara- 
tion nor had Acted under the influence of it — this was the 
State of ye Demand in 1756. Now after this viz in the 
beginning of the year 1757, when it was known to all Parties 
that the Provincial Troops were to be Victualled by the 
Crown, the Provinces being again Called upon to raise their 
Contingents, they applied to my L^ Loudon to Know where, 
& in what manner the Troops, when inlisted & raised 
Should receive their provisions. L^ Loudon finding it im- 
practicable to Carry the Kings provisions about into the 
Several parts of that Extensive Country where the Troops 
were Levyed, Directed the Colonies themselves to find pro- 
visions for their Troops from the time of their inlistment 
Until their Junction with the main Body, & Agreed that 
they Should receive pay for the Same out of the Military 



JARED INGERSOLL. 1 33 

Chest at four pence p' Ration — this was done & the money- 
Issued accordingly not only for the Troops raised in the 
beginning of ye year 1757 but for those of Every other year 
Since, to mutual Satisfaction — the particular Circumstances 
of the Subsistance now in question was as follows. 

My L^ Loudon having formed his Plan for making his 
greatest Efforts in the year 1757 towards Louisbourg, Left 
Majr Gen' Webb with the Cheif Command toward Crown 
Point to act on the Defensive only, Directed Connecticut & 
the other Northern Colonies to furnish him with a Certain 
Lesser number of Troops & further ordered that Connecti- 
cut, & I believe one or two more Provinces, that Lay nearest 
to Geni Webb Should Designate & Set apart a Certain 
Number of their Militia properly Officered & Accoutred to 
be ready upon the least Notice & Call from Geni Webb to 
proceed up into those parts, for his releif if Attacked by the 
Enemy — it happened while Lord Loudon was at Halifax, 
Gen' Webb was Attacked— Called upon Connecticut for 
their Said Detached Troops, who Accordingly went to his 
releif & there tarried till the Enemy retired and it is for the 
provisions Expended in the March of those Troops until 
they reached the Kings Stores that the Demand now in 
question is made. 

this Expence therefore, having Arisen in Consequence 
of L^i Loudon's general Agreement & that founded on the 
Kings Declaration, would doubtless have been paid in like 
manner with all others of the like kind from & after the 
beginning of ye year 1757, but that it happened before the 
Accts Could be Collected & presented to Lord Loudon, he 
was recalled, & being Succeeded by General Abercrombie, 
upon the Ace's being presented to him he Declined Order- 
ing payment, because the Accounts Arose before his Com- 
mand. 

this being the Case it Should Seem, that this matter 
falls within the reason & description of those Accounts & 
Demands which Lately have been referred to the Com- 
mander in Chief for the time being in America for Adjust- 
ment & payment — however I only mean to give their 



134 FITCH PAPERS. 

Lordships of the Treasury the full State of the matter, well 
knowing when that is done that their Lordships will best 
know how to direct the Same into its proper Channels 
I am Sr Yr Most Obedt Humbi Serv* 

J INGERSOLL 

N. Palace Yard 29th June 1761 

To S. Marten Esqr 
[Indorsed] M' Ingersole. Claim of Connecticut for repaym* 

of expences in victualling their provincials 1757. June 

30. read reconsidered y^ application of Connecticut. 

Agreed that y^ former minute do stand 1757 

WILLIAM PITT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall July 8'^ 1761 
Geyitlcuien, 

The King having been pleased, this Day, to declare, in 
full Council, His Resolution of demanding in Marriage The 
Princess Charlotte Sister of the Duke of Mecklenburg Stre- 
litz, I send You herewith, by His Majesty's Order, an 
Extraordinary Gazette, which has been published this Even- 
ing in order to make known this Event to all His Majesty's 
Subjects, and I have the greatest Pleasure in congratulating 
You upon the same, as I doubt not but You will receive it, 
with the utmost Joy & Satisfaction. 

I am Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

W PITT 
Gov' & Company of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from M-" Secry Pitt 8th July 1761 Rec^ 
20th Sepf 

NATHAN WHITING TO JONATHAN TRUMBLE. 

Camp at Crownpoint July 14th 1761* 
Dear Sir 

On my Arrival at this place 17'^ Ult I found the Gen- 
erals orders for Commanding the Troops in Camp, Who 

* This date is uncertain. The last figure might be either i or 2. 



NATHAN WHITING. 135 

Consist of two Regiments of the Massachusetts my own & 
the New Hampshire Regiments, Lieut. Colo Eliot Com- 
mands the Fortress; in many things the Commands may 
interfere he is a Gent, high in his Notion of Command and 
not very Sensible nor obliging, so that I am a good deal 
perplex<i As the Generals orders Are not Clear nor particu- 
lar, I Shall Let no punctillios hinder the Service & at the 
Same time will endeavour to Support the Honor of my 
Rank, but tis really a dissagreable Command As I have 
Little Chance of gaining Honor or reputation & a Sure 
Chance of doubling my Expence. 

I had no Orders from the General about the Men that 
Stay<i the Winter as to discharging them i July, neither 
had Colo Eliot nor would he give them provissions to go 
Home as that was under his Command, I could not; I 
immediately on my Coming wrote the General ab6ut them, 
& used all my endeavours to perswade them to Stay Con- 
tentedly ; I have yet rec*^ no Orders, tis now to no purpose 
As they have most all gone except what have Enlisted, 
more than a hundred of the Massachusetts have gone away, 
(& fifty or more of ours) they were all included in the 
Number of their present Establishment, but would not 
enlist because the Goverment gave them but half bounty, 
ours would most all enlist but our Numbers were Compleat, 
had the others been in the Same Situation as ours I would 
venture to have dismiss^ them, but as they were all Reckoned 
in their Number, I dare not without Order & did not dis- 
miss our Least I might be thought partial, I am Sorry they 
run Away and would not Stay a few Days for orders. And 
Am as Sorry there was not Orders to Dissmiss them punc- 
tually at the time, as every such Constraint is hurtfuU to 
the Service; I hope for the future, every thing of that kind 
will be Clearly &■ distinctly Setled between the Colony & 
the General, the Troops are very healthy not one of either 
Regt has died since they came here, nor any very Sick ; the 
works I think never went on better, no one can deny it if 
disposed to it. my Complements to M^s Trumble & family 



136 FITCH PAPERS. 

Mr Joseph in particular, & M*" Sluman if with you 
I am with Respect 
Dear Sir 

your most Obed' 

humble serv' 

N WHITING 
JonT" Trumble Esqr 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote on July 16, 1761, to 
General Jeffrey Amherst, that he would take the earliest 
opportunity to lay before the General Assembly the Gen- 
eral's request that a certain number of the Colony's troops 
be continued in service during the winter and would give 
timely notice of the Assembly's determination thereupon. 
See Amherst's letter to Fitch of Oct. 11, 1761.] 

JOHN POWNALL TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Whitehall July 21st 1761. 

The Lords Commissioners of the Treasury having ap- 
pointed Thomas Temple Esqf to be Surveyor General of 
His Majesty's Customs for the Northern district of America, 
I am directed by the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations to desire you will upon every Occasion give him 
that Support, protection & countenance due to his Charac- 
ter and the important trust confer'd upon him 
I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most Obedient 
Humble Serv* 

JOHN POWNALL 

Secry 
To the Governor and Company of His Majesty's Colony 
of Connecticut 

[Indorsed] Letter from the Secretary of the Lords Com- 
missi for trade & Plantations 21st July 1761 Rec<^ 12'^ 
Nov 1761 



JARED INGERSOLL. 137 

JARED INGERSOLL TO THOMAS FITCH. 

On board the Alcide Man of War 
at Sea Aug' loth 1761. 
Sr 

being now on my return home I Sit down to give 
you Some general Account of the transactions, during my 
Agency in England, & of the present Scituation of the Col- 
onys affairs there. 

the matters about which I was particularly Instructed 
at Setting out from home, you will remember. As to one of 
which viz the Affair of the Spanish Snow & her Cargo, I 
Acquainted you formerly that in Conversation with M^ Sec- 
retary Pitt, Soon after my arrival at London, I Learnt 
that no further Complaints had been made on the part of 
the Spaniard, Since the Colonys Account of their proceed- 
ings & Conduct in that affair had been laid before the Span- 
ish Minister. Since that time another Ambassador has been 
Sent to the British Court from that of Spain, in the room of 
the former & no new representations made, So that I be- 
lieve it may Safely be Concluded there is nothing farther to 
be apprehended from that Affair. 

The Mohegan Controversy Still Lies Dormant nor has 
anything been moved relative to the Line between the Col- 
ony & the Massachusetts Province. 

my principal Attention has been wanted (?) in the 
Solicitation of monies & in Settling the plan of the future 
agency. 

You have been already Acquainted that the Parliament 
has been pleased to Grant to the Colonies for their Services 
in the years 1758, 1759, & 1760, three Several Sums of two 
hundred thousand pounds Each, & that the two former have 
been divided & paid in the particular manner as mentioned 
in my Letters to you, from time to time, the Last Grant, 
not yet apportioned among the Colonies. 

I am now further to Inform you that After Long & re- 
peated Solicitation & much Delay, Occasioned by Sending 
to Germany & Scotland, for Some further informations from 
my L^ Loudon & the Generals Abercrombie & Webb, & 



138 FITCH PAPERS. 

Other hindrances, the Lords of the Treasury, have Directed 
Sf Jeffrey Amherst to Examin, & if found Just & true, to 
pay the Colonys Demand of about Nine hundred pounds for 
Victualling their Troops raised & Sent to the relief of Fort 
W™ Henry in Aug* 1757. this Ultimate resolution I was not 
able to Obtain until a few Days before my Leaving England, 
as Soon as the Same passed, I Obtained the necessary Let- 
ters &c to Mr Amherst, which I now have with me. 

The Assembly was pleased to Order that the monies 
which I Should receive for the Colonys Services in the year 
1758, Should be placed in Some Safe Bank in England on 
Interest, this Occasioned my writing you a very Long Let- 
ter, in which I Endeavoured to State the nature of Banks in 
England, & Acquainted You that they did not Ever Allow 
Interest for monies in their hands and also Suggested how 
precarious it would be to Lay out the monies in the Stocks 
or Publick funds by reason of the War & that therefore I 
thought I should not make any Disposition of the money. 

I am now to Inform you, that after I had wrote that 
Letter being Desirous of doing Every thing in my power 
for the Colonys interest, & fearing least I should Incur the 
imputation of neglecting a Talent in my hands, I Ventured 
to Lay out the monies in a particular Species of the funds 
carrying an Interest of ^£4. p' Cent : and for a while was 
flattered with a prospect of being able to make Something 
Considerable by the Step, but by the time the Bills of Ex- 
change came upon me that were ordered to be Drawn & I 
obliged to raise monies to Answer the Same the Publick 
funds Sunk So Low, in the Capital, that after all possible 
Care & much anxiety for fear of the Event, I was Just Able, 
in Selling ye Stocks again, to Save the Account from Loss, 
& that was all, by this Step however I have had the Satis- 
faction of having made a trial «& by that means of having 
Obeyed my Orders. 

As the Colony did not Direct any Step of that kind to 
be taken with the monies received for the Services of the 
year 1759, I have taken Care to place in a Bank for the Col- 
onys Use, the Net Sum Due to them viz forty Six thousand 



JARED INGERSOLL. 139 

Six hundred & fifty pounds including as part of that Sum, 
twenty three thousand One hundred pounds, now in Excheq*" 
Tallies or Government Securities bearing Date the 26th of 
June Last, to which Sum is to be added the interest of those 
Tallies being £a, p'' Cent: p*" Ann: that Will arise & become 
due upon them at the time when they Shall be paid — this 
Sum of ^46.650. the ballance, which upon the whole of the 
ace's my Salary So much of it as is unpaid, together with all 
disbursements «fe Charges, included appears to be the Col- 
onys Due, I have placed to their Account in the best manner 
I was able. 

I acquainted you in my Last that the Bank I had made 
Use of, was the House of Mes^ Hinton Browne & Son Bank- 
ers in Lombard Street London — the reason why I did not 
place the monies in the Bank of England, was, that, that 
Bank will not Enter any monies for, or in the name of any 
Body Corporate or Even for an Individual Person who Re- 
sides at a Distance & who must negotiate the Same by Proxy, 
but insist on having to do only with Some person on the Spot 
whose hand writing they know, which person must Enter 
the monies in his own name, be wholly trusted by the own- 
ers of the Same & Account over to them for it — this method 
Seeming to be Somewhat different from the Assemblys plan 
& Intention, I was Obliged to Employ a private Banking 
House, one however that has nearly or quite as good a repu- 
tation as the Bank of England. 

The Lawsuit with the Ex^ of Mr Partridge is going for- 
ward as fast as processes of that Kind do in England — a 
Decree having lately been Obtained against them to Ac- 
count, I paid the Attorneys bill about thirty three pounds — 
the matter is now before a Master in Chancery to Examin 
the Accs &c and to make his Report— tis Expected the 
Cause will be finished Sometime Next Winter. 

the Difficulty which I mentioned to you in my last, 
with Lord Kinnoul late Paymaster general respecting the 
monies borrowed of the Crown by the Colony in the year 
1756, I have Settled as to him — the State of which Affair 
take briefly as follows — 



I40 FITCH PAPERS. 

Mess Tomlinson & Hanbury Contractors with the Crown 
for remitting monies to the Army in America, received by 
order of the Lords of the Treasury, Certain monies Granted 
by Parliament to the Colonies in the Year 1756, to remit to 
them & did remit the Same in the Stirling Castle Man of 
War in the Month of Aug* of the Same Year — M^ Apthorpe 
their Agent at Boston, by Order I Suppose, of Gen^ Shirley 
& Consent of the Colonies Concerned, took out of those 
monies Certain Sums in order to pay & replace the monies 
which the Massachusetts, Connecticut & N. Hampshire Col- 
onies had borrowed & received out of the military Chest, in 
the Spring of that year, persuant to Gen' Shirleys Warrant 
— those Monies M*" Apthorpe paid in to the hands of M^ 
Morteir Dep: Paymaster at N: York, by the hands of Co' 
Hunter, but by Some mistake instead of taking a Receipt 
of Mr Morteir in the Colonies names for the monies So paid, 
or placing the Same at all to their Ace' A Receipt was given 
by Mr Morteir for the monies so paid, on ace' of Tomlinson 
& Hanbury, So that they Tomlinson & Hanbury had Credit 
in their own Acc^ with the Crown for that Sum more than 
they ought to have had, and the Colonies Said Debts re- 
mained apparently unpaid. 

this matter nevertheless might, & probably would have 
been put to rights as Soon as discovered by the Paymaster 
& the Contractors, but for another difficulty or blunder 
which was that the Silver borrowed, was by Mr Apthorpe 
in his Acc^, Computed at a Lower rate than the Silver paid 
in — this appeared to Leave a ballance Still due from the 
Colonies viz from Connecticut about ^245, from the Massa- 
chusetts a proportionate & much Larger Sum &c — the re- 
mitters therefore Tomlinson & Hanbury would not Consent 
to Discharge the whole of those Debts of the Colonies to h^ 
Kinnoul without having those Supposed ballances or arrears, 
advanced to them — this the Agents for those Colonies 
finally Consented to do on Tomlinson & Hanburys giving 
Security to return the Same in Case it Shall Appear that the 
Colonies had paid the full Sums before, the matter being 
thus Settled Lord Kinnoul gave a Receipt in full to Each 



JARED INGERSOLL. I4I 

Colony & Mess Tomlinson & Hanbury at the Same time, 
receiving of the Agents the Supposed arrears as a Deposit 
in manner aforesd, Executed Such Counter Security to Each 
Colony — that for Connecticut I have Left with M^ Jackson, 
having with me a Duly Authenticated Copy. 

I have in my hands Sundry papers and minutes relating 
to this matter which the Colony will Doubtless Order to be 
Lookt into & the whole affair to be Cleared up & Settled as 
Soon as may be 

I Dont know of any thing Else that requires A particu- 
lar mention by pen & Ink, — when I Shall have the pleasure 
of Seeing you & the other gentlemen of the Colony I shall 
think myself happy in having an oportunity of giving all 
further intelligence that Shall be desired, in any particular, 
within my Knowledge. 

all the papers relative to the Colonys Affairs that were 
proper to be Left behind I Delivered over to M"" Jackson a 
Little before my Coming away & took Care to Communicate 
to him & Mr Life Everything I knew with regard both to the 
general State of the Colonies Affairs, as also the particular 
Scituation & Course of their businesses in England. 

I have now done when I have told you that during the 
time that I have been honoured with the Colonys Intrust- 
ments Abroad, I have made it my Constant Care & En- 
deavour, in all things to Serve & promote their Interests, to 
the Utmost of my power, And if I have been So fortunate 
as to have Contributed in any measure, to their Welfare, I 
Shall Ever Esteem it as my greatest happiness & honour — 
if in any thing I have failed, it must be imputed to the 
Error of my Judgment, & not to any want of intention, or 
of application. 

I return the Colony my Sinerest Acknowledgments for 
the honour they have done me, and for the Candor which on 
all Occasions they have Shewn me, for which I Shall Ever 
think myself Under the highest Obligations. 

I Conclude with my most Sincere & hearty wishes that 
You Sr, may Long Live, Enjoy health & Every blessing, 
and that the Colony & their affairs may prosper & flourish 



142 FITCH PAPERS. 

to the Latest posterity and Am with the highest Esteem & 
Respect 

Your & their Most Obed' & 

Most Humbe Serv' 

J INGERSALL 
P. S. as ye precise amount of my Expences Could not 
be known until my arrival home, I was not Able to Send in 
my Aces with this, which otherwise would have been done 
— the ballance I Drew in England was made out upon an 
Estimate — the best I Could form, of the Expence I Should 
be at in my return — as Soon as I get home I Shall take 
Care to Complete Y^ Acc^ & to have them ready to Lay be- 
fore the Assembly whenever they Shall be called for 

J. L 
Gov"" Fitch 
[Indorsed] M"" Agent IngersoU's Letter Dated on Board the 
Alcide Man of War Ocf lot 1761 

CADWALLADER COLUEN TO THOMAS FITCH. 

N. Y. August loth 1761. 
Sir 

On Saturday I sent by one who told me he was going 
streight to your house, a letter which came under my cover 
from the Secretary of States office, by the Packet. It 
seemed only to be a private Letter. At the same time I re- 
ceived his Majesties Commission appointing me Lieut. Gov- 
ernor of this Province. 

I have received some information of illegal Trade 
carried on from this Port, by means of the Custom House 
officers of New London in the Colony of Connecticut. Some 
Merchants of this place ship provisions for New London & 
give bond to return a Certificate of their being landed there 
which is accordingly done. The quantity is much too great 
for the consumption of that place & it is therefore suspected 
that the Provisions are not really landed, or if Landed ship- 
ped again without bond. I must desire you & I make no 
doubt you will make proper enquiry privately to discover 
this fraud. 



WILLIAM PITT. 143 

But what I am cheifly concern'd for is that the sloop 
Seaflower, John Weggery Master cleared out the nth of last 
Month with twenty two Tons of Provisions & other goods 
for New London & gave bond to land the Provisions. I 
strongly suspect that she has not landed them, because she 
has carried off privately a French Man who lives at Miss- 
issippi & is suspected to be a Spy. His name is Renaud, & 
has been at Boston & some Months in this place. 

You must easily perceive of what mischievous conse- 
quence this may be of, & therefore I must earnestly intreat 
you to use your diligence to discover whether this Vessel 
has been at New London or whether she landed her Pro- 
visions or carried them off from thence & to inform me of 
everything you can learn of that Vessel «& of the French 
Man Renaud. 

It is necessary that your enquiry be made as privately 
as possible, for any public enquiry will put the delinquents 
in this place upon their Guard so as probably to defeat all 
our endeavours to bring them to Justice. I am with great 
regard Sir Yr &c. 

WILLIAM PITT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall nth Sepf 1761. 
Gentlemen^ 

It is with the greatest Pleasure, that I am now to ac- 
quaint You, that His Majesty's Marriage with the Princess 
Charlotte of Mecklenbourg Strelitz (who landed at Harwich, 
on the Seventh Inst) was happily celebrated on the next 
Evening in the Royal Chapel at St James's. 

I sincerely congratulate You on this happy Event, 
which cannot fail to give the highest Satisfaction and Joy to 
all His Majesty's Faithful Subjects. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

Your most humble Servant 

W: PITT 
Gov & Company of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Secretary Pitt nth Sepf 1761 
Reed 8th Decembr 



144 FITCH PAPERS. 

WILLIAM PITT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Whitehall, 28'^ Sepf 1761. 
Gentlemen, 

I have the Satisfaction to inform you, that Their Maj- 
esties were crowned at Westminster, on Tuesday last the 
2 2<i Instant, with the accustomed Ceremonies on like Occa- 
sions, the Particulars whereof are inserted in the inclosed 
Gazette. 

I am. Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant. 

W: PITT 
Gov*" & Compy of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Secretary Pitt 28th Sepf 1761 
Reed 8th lobr 

ROYAL INvSTRUCTION TO CONNFXTICUT. 
George R. 

Instruction to Our Trusty and Well-belov- 
ed the Governor and Company of Our Colony 
of Connecticut in New England in America. 
Given at Our Court at S' James's the 29th day 
of Sepr 1761, in the first year of Our Reign. 
Whereas We have been pleased by Our Order in Coun- 
cil of the nth day of September instant to declare Our 
Pleasure, that in the Morning and Evening Prayers, in the 
Litany and all other parts of the publick Service, as well in 
the occasional Offices as in the Book of Common Prayer, 
where the Royal Family is appointed to be particularly 
pray'd for, the following Form of Words should be used 
Viz': Our Gracious Queen CJiarlotte, Her Royal Highness 
the Princess Dowager of Wales and all the Royal Family. 
Our Will and Pleasure therefore is, that in all the Prayers, 
Litany's and Collects where the Royal Family is pray'd for, 
and which are used within Our Colony of Connecticut under 
your Government, the same Form and Order of Words be 
used as follows. Viz* 07ir Gracious Queen Charlotte, Her 




EARL OF EGREMONT. 145 

Royal Highness the Princess Dowager of Wales and all the 
Royal Family, and for the better Notice hereof in Our said 
Colony, It is Our further Will and Pleasure, that you cause 
the same to be forthwith published in the several Parish 
Churches and other places of divine Worship within Our 
said Colony, and that you take care that due Obedience be 
paid thereto accordingly. 

G R. 
[Indorsed] Instruction to the Gov & Company of Connec- 
ticut. 
Kings Instructions to the Gov & Com of Connecticut 29th 
Sepf 1 76 1 for altering the Form of Prayer for the 
Royal Family Rec^ 8th December 1761 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Whitehall 9*^ October 1761. 
Gentlemen, 

The King having been graciously pleased to grant M^ 
Pitt's Request to retire from Business, and to appoint Me 
to be Secretary of State for the Southern Department: I 
take the earliest Opportunity to acquaint You Therewith, 
and to desire, that You would be pleased, for the future, to 
address your letters to Me, which I shall not fail to lay 
immediately before The King, and to transmit to You such 
Orders as his Majesty shall judge proper to give thereupon. 
I have at present only to add for your Information, 
that this Change will not occasion any Alteration in The 
King's Measures, particularly with regard to the vigorous 
Prosecution of the War. 

I am. Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

EGREMONT 
Govern^ & Compy of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Egremont Appointed 
one of his Majestys Principal Secretaries of State 9th 
ocfr 1 76 1 Reed gth DecemV 



146 FITCH PAPERS. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Staaten Island, ii'^ October i76[. 
Sir, 

The Season Advancing fast, when I shall be Obliged 
to Order the part of the Provincial Troops which are not to 
remain during the Winter to their Respective Homes; and 
as by your Letter of the 16*^ July, you acquainted me, that 
you would take the Earliest Opportunity of Laying my 
Request of the i^^'^ June, for a Certain Number of men to 
be Continued during the Winter, before your As!^embly, & 
give me timely Notice of their Determination thereupon, I 
must beg that you will, with all Convenient Haste send the 
proper Orders to the Commanding Officers of the Connecti- 
cutt Regiments, to make the Draft of Three Companies, 
Consisting of Three Hundred, & Twenty Three Men, 
Including three Captains, & Six Subalterns Agreable to my 
former Request, as I am Convinced the necessity of their 
Service, will have Appeared in so Strong a Light to your 
Assembly, that they will not have failed to make provision 
for them Accordingly. 

I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca. 

JEFF: AMHERST. 
Honbie Governor Fitch. 
[Indorsed] Copy. Letter from Gen' Amherst to Governor 
Fitch. Dated Staaten Island, nth Octor 1761. Re- 
minding the Governor of his Request for Continuing a 
Certain Number of men during the Winter, and beg- 
ging the Governor will give immediate orders for mak- 
ing the Draft of those to be continued by the Colony of 
Connecticutt, as the Season Advanced, when he should 
be obliged to Order the Remainder to their Respective 
homes, in S"" Jeff: Amherst's of Ocf 21. 1761. 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Newhaven, 19th October 1761. 
Sir, 

Agreable to my Letter of the i6th of July, I took the 
first opportunity of laying Your Request of the i^^'^ of June, 



THOMAS FITCH. 147 

before the General Assembly of this Colony, Which met in 
this place, on the 8"i Instant, and Recommended that 
matter to their Early Consideration, to which they soon 
proceeded, & thereon Resolved to Grant Encouragement, 
& make provision for 226 men, Including two Captains, & 
Four Lieuts to Engage, & Enlist into the Service you pro- 
posed, to Continue during the Ensueing Winter, and Untill 
the first day of July next, unless His Majesty's Service will 
admit of their being released sooner; And Directions were 
given for Carrying this Resolve into Execution. This being 
just finished, When I received your Letter of the ii'^ 
Instant, desiring me with all Convenient Haste to send the 
proper orders to the Commanding Officers of the Connecti- 
cutt Regiments, to make the Drafts &ca. I lost no time in 
preparing my Orders for that purpose, And accordingly 
Sent (by a faithful! person Who Set out from hence last 
Week, for the Camp at Crown Point) Directions to the 
Colonels of our Regimes to put in Execution, as soon as 
possible, the Resolve, and orders of the Assembly, in the 
best manner for promoting His Majesty's Service. I pro- 
posed to the Assembly the Number You Mentioned; but on 
Comparing the Numbers required from the Other Govern- 
ments, on this Occasion, with the Numbers they Voted to 
Raise for the Service of the Current year; And finding that 
226 was at least in as great a proportion to the Number this 
Colony had agreed to Raise for the Same Service. The 
Assembly was of Opinion that 226 was their full proportion, 
& even apprehended they have Somewhat Exceeded their 
fellow Subjects of the Other Colonies, in promoting His 
majestys Service in this Regard. 

The Season being so far advanced, that the Troops can 
be of little or no Service in the Camp ; and as their Return 
before Cold Weather, may prevent the loss of many Lives, 
I am Desired by the Assembly to Request your favour, that 
the Connecticutt Troops now in Camp, Except those that 
are to tarry thro' the Winter, may be Dismissed as soon as 
may be. The great hardships the Troops have Suffered in 
some former years, by being detained late, and then march- 



148 FITCH PAPERS. 

ing in Snowy, and Frosty Weather, in order to get home, 
and the many Lives lost in Consequence thereof, makes the 
Assembly Concerned in this Matter, and Desirous, that as 
much favour in this Respect may be shewn their Soldiery, 
as may be Consistant with His Majesty's Service. 

I am. Sir, &ca. 

THQs FITCH. 
His Excellcy Geni Amherst. 
[Indorsed.] Copy. Letter from Governor Fitch to General 
Amherst, Dated Newhaven, 19'^ Ocf 1761. Acquaint- 
ing the General that the Assembly of Connecticutt had 
Resolved to make provision for 226 men. Including 2 
Capts & 4 Subalterns, to Continue during the Winter; 
That altho' he proposed to the Assembly the number 
required by the General, they would not agree thereto, 
as they Imagined the above was their full proportion, 
&ca. in Sr J : Amherst's of Nov"" 27 : 1761. 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Staaten Island, 27th Octof 1761. 
Sir, 

I Have this day the favor of Your Letter of the 19th 
Instant, Acquainting me of your having sent Directions to 
the Colonels of the Connecticutt Regiments, to put in Exe- 
cution the Resolve of the Assembly to Continue in the pay 
of the Colony 226 Men, Including Two Captains, & Four 
Lieutenants, untill the i^t July next, unless His Majesty's 
Service will Admit of their being Discharged sooner. 

The Quota requested was agreable to the Proportions 
Demanded of the Other Provinces; and it would have given 
me great pleasure that the Colony of Connecticutt had, upon 
this occasion, fully Contributed their Share for the King's 
Service, that I might have Reported it accordingly to His 
Majesty's Ministers; I Have however. Sir, no doubt but 
you have done Every thing in your power to Influence the 
Assembly to a Compliance thereto; and I have Acquainted 
the Commanding Officer at Crown Point of your having 



INVALIDS IN COL. PHINEAS LYMAN S REGIMENT. 149 

Sent the necessary Orders for making the Draft, that he 

may Concert with the Colonels the proper measures for that 

purpose. 

You may be assured the rest of the Troops shall not be 

kept a day longer than the Season will Admit of their 

Carrying on the Works; and that they shall be Discharged 

before the Weather becomes Rigorous. 
I am, with great Regard, 

Sir, &ca. 

JEFF: AMHERST. 
Honbie Gov Fitch. 

[Indorsed.] Copy. Letter from General Amherst to Gov- 
ernor Fitch. Dated Staaten Island, 27th Octo"" 1761. In 
Answer to the Gov^s of 19th Do That the Quota Re- 
quested of the Colony of Connecticutt, for the Ensueing 
Winter, was agreable to the proportions Demanded of 
the Other Provinces; and that it would have given the 
General great pleasure, had the Colony of Connecti- 
cutt, upon this occasion, fully Contributed their Share, 
that he might have Reported it accordingly to His 
Majesty's Ministers, &ca. in S^ J : Amherst's of Nov 
27 : 1761. 

INVALIDS IN COL. PHINEAS LYMAN'S REGIMENT. 

Account of Rations allowed by Order of Sir Jeffrey Am- 
herst Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Forces in North- 
America, for the following effective Invalids of Colonel Ly- 
man's Regiment of Connecticut- Provincials under Command 
of Lieut: Col: Smedley, mustered at Number Four this sev- 
enteenth of November 1761, on their Return to their several 
Townships, by Captain Henry Brown of the fourth Royal- 
American Battalion: distinguishing particularly the Provi- 
sions in Kind served out to them by the Contractor's Agent 
to victual them to the next inhabited Part of that Province, 
as well as the Money paid by said Captain Browne, in Lieu 
of the daily Ration, to subsist them to their Homes respect- 
ively, allowing twelve computed Miles to the Days March. 
Vizt 



150 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Effectives mustered: 
Osiah Bissell (Ensign) 
Joshua Sherwin 
Jonathan Bill 
Samuel Bill 
Jonathan Alford 
Eleazar Hill 
Seth Barber 
Phineas Ford 
David Jones » 

Shadrick Phelps 
Hezekiah Hill 
Pelez Sporge 
Aaron Tinney 
Simon Stow 
John Williams 
John Jones 
Hezekiah King 
David Andrews (Liiit) 
David Pike 
Benjamin Risley 
Luther Cadee 
Benjamin Tucker 
John Cutler 
Eliakim Merrills 
Moses Mills 
David Chilson 
Mathew Raiment 
David Gould 
William Ervin 
Isaac Eraser 
John Yemmons 
Samuel Convis 
Ambo (Negro) 
Thomas Haines 
Aaron Craft 
James Mix 
Samuel Crandle 



Their Townships 
Bolton 
Hebron 
Coventry 
Ditto 
Windsor 
Hartford 
Simsbury 
Hebron 
Simsbury 

do 
hartford 
Coventry 
Simsbury 

Do 
Suffield 
Granville 
Bolton 
Farmington 

Do 
Hartford 
Killingsley 
Tompot 
Killingsley 
Hartford 

Do 
Canterbury 
Windsor 
Killingsly 
Pomfret 

Do 
Wallingford 
Killingsly 
Farmington 
Norwich 

do 

Do 

Do 



INVALIDS IN COL. PHINEAS LYMAN S REGIMENT. 



15 



Peter Mason 


Groton 


Thomas Selden 


Norwich 


Sam: Hail 


do 


Samuel Hutchins 


Do 


William Hutchins 


do 


William Warters 


do 


Ezra Lothrop 


do 


John Snow 


do 


J: Rudd 


do 


John Brown 


do 


John Stanton (Capt) 


Groton 


William Roeminer (L') 


Stonington 


Tad Cheesebrook 


do 


David Penning 


Groton 


Silvester Warden 


Stonington 


Jabez Bellings 


Do 


Jason Fish 


do 


John Mulkins 


Preston 


John Nichols 


Stonington 


Phineas Stuart 


do 


Christopher Kinyon 


Preston 


Cyrus Buck 


Stonington 


Samuel Wilcox 


Preston 


David Hewitt 


Stoningion 


Samuel Mallison 


Groton 


John Stedman 


do 


Timothy Beckwith 


New London 


Naman Hosier 


do 


Henry Jones 


do 


James Sancrow (?) 


do 


Stephen Richards 


do 


Gustus Rogers 


do 


Valentine Miller 


Lime 


Seth King (Capt) 


Suffield 


John Strong (Liut) 


Windsor 


Joseph Willson 


Coventry 


Joseph Edwards 


do 


Hezekiah Spencer 


Suffield 



FITCH 


PAPERS. 


Jabez Collins 


Summers 


John Moody 


Farmington 


Israel Hall 


Enfield 


Samuel Pomeroy 


Summers 


Ebenezer Wentworth 


Coventry 


Joseph Messenger 


Simsbury 


Jacob Ribly 


Summers 


Ezra Parsons 


do 


Richard Handy 


Simsbury 


Josiah Woodruff 


Farmington 


David Felt 


Summers 


Amos Rising 


Suffield 


Ebenezer Lumis 


.Windsor 


Joshua Smith 


Ashford 


Zachariah Parker 


Mansfield 


James Parker 


Do 


Isaac Barrows 


do 


Nathan Kingsley 


Do Wendham 


William Thomson 


Ashford 


Cornelius Stairs 


Mansfield 


James Lull 


Stafford 


Daniel Squire 


Ashford 


David Cummings 


do 


Eliah Huntington 


Mansfield 


Joseph Pumham 


do 


John Grinset 


Windham 


Eden Durkey 


Do 


Jonas Wells (Liut) 


Colchester 


Ebenezer Ames 


Stafford 


Timothy Start 


Colchester 


Thomas Wood 


Stafford 


Luther Japliff 


Willington 


Benjamin Fenton 


Do 


Nathan Whipple 


Summers 


Abraham Warner 


East Haddam 


James Jones 


Colchester 


William (Negro) 


do 


Samuel McLinnon 


Stafford 



INVALIDS IN COL. PHINEAS LYMAN S REGIMENT. 



153 



Jonathan Morgan 


Colchester 


David Worshburn 


Stafford 


Martin Denelaw 


Windsor 


Thomas Rice 


Stafford 


Timothy Bebee 


Colchester 


James Eady 


Do 


Thomas Willey 


Middleton 


Stephen Wise 


Do 


Stephen Ranney 


Do 


Cornelius Lane 


Do 


Churchill Edwards 


Do 


Norman Green 


■ Enfield 


David Wood 


Durham 


Thomas Willson 


Killingsly 


James Richards 


Norwich 


Jeremiah Attley 


Preston 


Eliah Bramble 


Do 


Aaron Wilder 


Killingsly 


John Frink 


Wendham 


Perez Tracey 


Do 


Ezekiel Blackmore 


Killingsly 


William Gallop 


Preston 


Caleb Conant 


Wendham 


William Shaw 


Do 


Joseph Collar 


Killingsly 


Henry McGunnegill 


Volentown 


William Perkins 


Killingsly 


Ephraim Samson 


Plainfield 


Cornelius Youngman 


Coventry 


John Leslie 


Volentown 


William Cassel 


Do 


William Murphy 


Do 


William Willson 


Do 


Nathan Eldridge 


Coventry 


Samuel Marcy 


Plainfield 


Ebenezer Coll 


Woodstock 


James Elseworth 


Coventry 


Jonathan Truydill 


Plainfield 


Jonathan Pidge 


Woodstock 


Martin Ans worth 


Do 



154 FITCH PAPERS. 

New Hampshire, Number Four November the 17^ 1761. 

I acknowledge to have received from the Contractors 
for victualling His Majesty's Forces in North America, by 
an Order of Captain Henry Browne of the fourth Royal- 
American Battalion, Four Hundred and Fifty nine Rations 
of Provisions of all species, being three Days Allowance 
each, to One Hundred and fifty three. Invalids, of Colonel 
Lyman's Regiment of Connecticut-Provincials, to subsist 
them to the next inhabited Part of the Country, and I 
farther acknowledge to have receivd from the said Captain 
Browne, Twenty two Pounds, two Shillings and 4^ Sterling 
in Dollars at four Shillings and eight pence each, in Lieu 
of, One Thousand, three Hundred, and twenty seven 
Rations more, allow'd them by His Excellency the Com- 
mander in Chief to carry them to their Homes respectively, 
according to the Distances, placed in the within Roll, 
against the Names of the Effectives, (which distances are 
calculated with all the Accuracy in my Power) The whole 
amounting to One Thousand seven Hundred and eighty six 
Rations. I say received 

James Smedly Lut Colo 

INVALIDS IN COL. NATHAN WHITINGS REGIMENT. 

Account of Rations, allowed by Order of his Excellency 
Sir Jeffery Amherst, Commander in Chief of His Majesty's 
Forces in North America, for the following effective Inval- 
ids, of Col: Whiting's Regiment of Connecticut-Provincials 
under Command of Lieut: Colonel Smedley, mustered at 
Number Four, this seventeenth day of November 1761, on 
their Return to their several Townships, by Captain Henry 
Browne of the fourth Royal-American Battalion: distin- 
guishing particularly the Provisions in-kind served-out by 
the Contractor's Agent, to victual them to the next inhabited 
Part of that Province, as well as the Money paid by said 
Captaine Browne, in Lieu of the daily-Ration, to subsist 
them to their Homes respectively, allowing twelve computed 
Miles to the days March. Viz' 



INVALIDS IN COL. NATHAN WHITING's REGIMENT. 1 55 



Effectives mustered 
Aaron Henman 
Ogden Mallery 
Dow Smith 
Obadiah Winter 
Richard Derrow 
Benjamin Linsley 
Abraham Atwater 
Timothy Tuttle 
Amos Brooks 
Jehiel Sexton 
Asher Frank 

Nehemiah Clark 

James Smedley Lieut: Col 

Elijah Stillson 

Theophilus Andrews 

James Prindle 

Joseph Beach 

Peter Buckley 

James Cole 

Edmond Hayes 

Ebenezer Readfield 

Reuben Whitehead 

Eliadah Prindle 

Thomas Monson 

Amos Knap 

Jesse Forster 

Dick Congo 

Hezekiah Thorp 

Hezekiah Williams 

Elisha Knap 

Hezekiah Lewis 

John Clark 
Elisha Parker 

Jonas Powers 

Jacob Collins 
Oliver Sandford 
Nathan Tibbels 



Their Townships 
New Haven 

d" 

cl« 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

Milford 

Fairfield 

do 

do 

do 

do • 
do 
do 
■ do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 

do 

do 

do. 

do 

do 
Milford 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 
Stratford 



156 



FITCH 


PAPERS. 


Daniel Owen 


Stratford 


Ephraim Buel 


do 


William Hall 


do 


Jonathan Marrum 


do 


Benjamin Nichols 


do 


Benjamin Chase 


do 


Ebenezer Sloson 


do 


Jedidiah Blackman 


do 


Caleb Morgan 


do 


Samuel Osbern 


do 


Jonathan Pritchard 


Derby 


Joseph Seymour 


do 


John Prout 


do 


Ambrose Hitchcock 


do 


Elisha Castle 


do 


Nathaniel Yale 


d° 


Prester Judd 


do 


David Fenn 


do 


Hezekiah Ball 


do 


Elisha Welton 


do 


Timothy Humminstone 


do 


Jabez Hall 


Horseneck 


Alexander Mire 


do 


Joseph Nicholas 


do 


Elisha Merehouse 


do 


Jonathan Finch 


do 


Jabez Bradley 


do 


Joseph Griffin 


do 


Elisha Peary 


do 


Gideon Hall 


do 


Nathan Barnum 


d° 


Abraham Cooper 


New Haven 


Daniel Comstock 


do 


Joseph Woolcot 


do 


Hezekiah Allen 


do 


Mathew Ford 


do 


Preserve Killock 


Lebanon 


Thomas Skinner 


do 



INVALIDS IN COL. NATHAN WHITING S REGIMENT. 



157 



Joseph Kay 


Lebanon 


Zebulon Gay 


do 


James Glass 


d° 


Prince Freeman 


d° 


Moses Hutchinson 


d° 


Daniel Waterman 


d« 


Joseph Malton 


d« 


Andrew Carrier 


do 


John Dennison 


Seabrook 


John Glading 


do 


John Griffin 


do 


Benajah Bushel 


do 


Samuel Andrews 


do 


Samuel Webb 


do 


Daniel Ray 


do 


Giles Buckingham 


do 


Elisha Dee 


do 


James Clark 


do 


Ezra Tyler 


do 


David Benton 


do 


Job Hubbard 


do 


Jonathan Spencer 


do 


Nathaniel Buel 


Sharon 


Jesse Stevens 


do 


Ariel Bradley 


do 


Noah Lee 


do 


Samuel Peck 


do 


Hildrick Barrit 


do 


Jeremiah Foster 


do 


Roger Wilcox 


do 


John Morry 


do 


John Curtis 


do 


Joseph Preston 


do 


John Bunce 


do 


Francis Joddin 


do 


Levi Pierce 


do 


Prince (Negro) 


do 


Archibald McNiel 


Litchfield 



158 



FITCH PAPERS. 



John Royce 
Reuben Allen 
Nathanael Barnum 
Noah Bonnson 
Timothy Fuller 
Benjamin Henman 
Caleb Hulleburt 
Daniel Stillson 
Perez Sturdefunk 
Solomon Squire 
Hugh Hannah 
Comfort Jackson 
Daniel Landen 
Alexand: Pettigrew 
Joseph Hait 
Stephen Morrin 
Jesse Smith 
Isaac Lockwood 
Joseph Hait Jun^ 
Joseph Hait ^^ 
Joseph Hait 4*^ 
Zachaeus Guernsey 
Stephen Pratt 
James Corbett 
William Russell 
Moses Beach 
Joseph Murren 
Enoch Warren 
Daniel Raymond 
Gershon Handford 
John Green 
Solomon Chase 
Charles Richards 



Litchfield 

do ■ 
New Milford 
d« 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
Litchfield 
do 
do 
do 
Stamford 
Wallingsford 
Stamford 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
Wallingsford 
do 
do 
Norwalk 
do 
do 
do 
Stratford 



Goshen 

New Hampshire Number Four 
November 17th 1761. 
I acknowledge to have received from the Contractors 
for Victualling His Majesty's Forces in North-America, by 
an Order of Captain Henry Browne of the fourth Royal 



FIRST REGIMENT. COL. PHINEAS LYMAN. 159 

American Battalion, Four Hundred and thirty eight Rations 
of Provisions of all species, being three Days Allowance each 
to one Hundred and forty six Invalids, of Colonel Whiting's 
Regiment of Provincials of Connecticut, to subsist them to 
the next inhabited Part of the Country, and I farther ac- 
knowledge to have received from the said Captain Browne 
Twenty six Pounds fourteen Shillings Sterling in Dollars at 
four shillings and eight Pence each, in Lieu of One Thou- 
sand, six Hundred and Two Rations more allowed them by 
His Excellency the Commander in Chief, to carry them to 
their Homes respectively, according to the distances placed 
against the Names of the Effectives in the within Roll 
(which Distances are calculated, with all the Accuracy in 
my Power) The whole amounting to. Two Thousand and 
forty Rations. I say received 

James Smedly Lut Col. 
[Indorsed] Roll of the Invalids of Colonel Whitings Regi- 
ment of Connecticut Provincials mustered at Number 
Four the lyt^ of November 1761, 



FIRST REGIMENT — COL. PHINEAS LYMAN. 
Account of Rations, allowed by Order of His Excellency 
Sir Jeffrey Amherst, Commander in Chief of His Majesty's 
Forces in North America, For the following Effectives, of 
Colonel Lyman's Regiment of Connecticut-Provincials, mus- 
tered at Number Four, this twenty-third day of November 
1 761, on their Return to their several Townships, by Cap- 
tain Henry Browne of the fourth Battalion of the Royal- 
American Regiment: distinguishing particularly the Provi- 
sions in kind served out by the Contractors Agent, to victual 
them to the next inhabited Part of the Country, as well, as 
the Money paid by the said Captain Browne, in Lieu of the 
daily Ration, to subsist them to their Homes respectively, 
allowing twelve computed Miles to the days-March. Viz': 



6o FITCH 


PAPERS. 


Colonel Lyman's Company* 


Efifectives mustered 


Their Townships 


General Lyman 


Sutfield 


Captain Roger Enos 


Windsor 


Lieut. Elihu Humphrey 


Simsbury 


Serjt Johnson 


Windsor 


Oliver Hanchet 


Suffield 


John Harm an 


do 


Elijah Owen 


Simsbury 


William Ross 


do 


John Ross 


d« 


George Bume 


do 


Josiah Pinney 


d" 


Richard Andrew 


do 


Daniel Allyn 


Suffield 


Elias Austin 


do 


Jacob Barber 


Simsbury 


Eliah Blacl'.man 


Bolton 


Benjamin Baker 


Windsor 


Joseph Bosworth 


do 


Heke: Case 


Simsbury 


Isaac Case 


do 


B Oswill Davis 


do 


Isaac Davis 


do 


Solomon Davis 


do 


Aaron Griswold 


Windsor 


Asher Granger 


Suffield 


Jonathan Handy 


Simsbury 


Primus Hill 


do 


Ariel Lawrence 


do 


David Lord 


Bolton 


Simeon Mills 


Simsbury 


Isaac Mixer 


Suffield 


Alexand: Phelps 


Windsor 


William Phelps 


d« 


Asariah Phelps 


do 


Abel Parker 


d° 


* Phineas Lyman. 





LIEUTENANT COLONEL PUTNAM S COMPANY 



6 I 



Aaron Pinney 


Windsor 


Ezekiel Roberts 


Simsbury 


Josiah Reiley 


d° 


John Rice 


Windsor 


Elisha Still 


Simsbury 


Marshall Standley 


Windsor 


John Sinister 


Suffield 


John Slade 


do 


Thorns Williams 


d« 


Thos Williams Jun^ 


do 


Moses Warner 


Suffield 


Lieutenant Colonel Putn; 


am's Company^' 


Alex: Chalker Lieut 


Glastonbury 


James Pitkin Ens. 


Hartford 


George Risley 


d° 


Samuel Bird 


Farmington 


Thomas Hunt 


Glastonbury 


John Rapenaer 


Hartford 


Caleb Benjamin 


do 


Tho: Brewer 


do 


John Abbey 


do 


Abrah: Caldwell 


New Hartford 


Samuel Allen 


Pomfret 


Jos: Blanchard 


Hartford 


Jos: Croswell 


do 


John Curtis 


Dudley 


Thomas Cloes 


Killingsby 


Simon Cadey 


Canterbury 


John Collins 


Farmington 


Amos Collins 


do 


Jeremiah Daily 


New Hartford 


John Foster 


Dudley 


David King 


Pomfret 


William Gibson 


Canterbury 


lechob: Hill 


Farmington 


William Hopkins 


do 


♦Israel Ptitnam. 





l62 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Eliah James 
Benj. Langworthy 
Robert Lyon 
John Lord 
Caesar Negro 
Samuel Nappin 
David Page 
Thomas Rice 
Charles Sherwin 
Ep: Stevens 
William Still 
William vSnell 
Jacob Susis 
John Staples 
Jos: Staples 
Samson Wynnes 
Ralph Wey 
Ichab: Woodams 
Pennywell Leavens 



Coventry 

Hartford 

Kennedy 

Harvington 

Hartford 

Canterbury 

Farmington 

Pomfret 

Hartford 

Glastonbury 

New Hartford 

Ashford 

Enfield 

Pomfret 

do 
Stonington 
Weathersfield 
New Hartford 
Killingsby 



Major Durkee's Company* 
John Durkee Major Norwich 



Ens: Jos: Welch 
Sam: Anderson 
William Kelly 
William Pollerd 
Labeas Lathrop 
Benedict Crorker 
Benj : Anderson 
Ebenezer Welch 
Thoms Bates 
Thos Green 
Jacob Fuller 
Benj : Paybody 
Gideon Baker 
Daniel Tracey 
John Wells 



do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 
do 



•John Durkee. 



CAPTAIN DUTLER S COMPANY. 


Joseph Rudd 


Norwich 


Thomas Merrill 


do 


James Huntington 


do 


Thoms Story 


do 


Isaac Williams 


do 


Nathani Fillemore 


do 


Eliah Pike 


do 


Henry Baldwin 


do 


James Williams 


do 


Jonath: Armstrong- 


do 


Richd Smith 


do 


John Ashpo 


do 


vSamuel Uneas 


do 


William Sabbins 


do 


James Simons 


do 


Jacob Hoscont * 


do 


Eliph: Page 


do 


Joseph Jones 


do 


Ebenezer Brown 


do 


Eliah Story 


do 


Noah Hainond 


do 


Daniel Huskins 


do 


Jacob Clarke 


do 


James Rosh 


do 


Jerem: Pollerd 


do 


Assa Pride 


do 


Aaron Preston 


do 


Hospital Welch 


do 



163 



Captain Butler's Company* 

Isaac Thomson Lieut New London 

Abel Moore Ens: Lime 
Benj ; Baning do 

William Phelps do 

Job Beevey do 

William Rostbone do 

Eliakim Towser do 



*Zebulon Butler. 



t64 



FITCH 


PAPERS. 


John Chapel 


Lime 


William Coma 


d° 


Randle Clark 


do- 


Jams Chapman 


d° 


Sami Chapman 


do 


Nathi Davis 


do 


Daniel Driggs 


do 


Jabez Huntley 


do 


Asariah Harman 


do 


James Hicks 


do 


Charles Carr 


do 


Benj: Luther 


do 


Daniel Lane 


do 


Jno Lathercunt 


do 


Sami Mosier 


do 


Eliah Minard 


do 


Lemuel Minard 


do 


Stephen Oles 


do 


Benj: Philipse 


do 


Isaac Ransom 


do 


Jos: Randle 


do 


Josiah Smith 


do 


David Smith 


do 


William Wood 


do 


Stephen Amsbare 


New London 


Jonath: Blackwith 


do 


Labeus Chaple 


do 


Benjamin Cobb 


do 


Timothy Daniels 


do 


Moses Fargo 


do 


Zebed: Fargo 


do 


Stephen Serantum 


do 


William Thomson 


do 


William Tetson 


do 



Captain Timothy Hierlihy's Company 
William Starr Luit Middleton 

Stephen Javel Lieut Waterbury 



CAPTAIN WOLCOt's COMPANY. 165 



Wm Thomson Ens. 


Windsor 


John Eaton 


d« 


Alexand: Osborne 


d« 


Abijah Vining 


d" 


Mathevv White 


d« 


Reuben Cook 


Middleton 


John Booth 


do 


James Eady 


d° 


Isaac Bailey 


d« 


Jonathan LeiTard 


d« 


Moses Bordman 


d" 


Nehemiah Barnes 


d° 


Martin Cahill 


d° 


John Gaul 


d" 


Asael Johnson 


do 


Nathan Lewis 


do 


Peter Long 


do 


John Miller 


do 


John Robinson 


do 


Zebulon Storking 


do 


Abiah Savage 


do 


Sam' Stow Savage 


do 


Daniel Savage 


do 


Robert Stevens 


do 


Savage Truscott 


do 


Caesar (Negro) 


do 



Captain Wolcot's Company* 

Moses Hall Lieut. Stafford 

Jonathan Bement Windsor 

William Dodge Colchester 

Silas Blodget Stafford 

John Bingham Windsor 

Alex: Dodge Colchester 

Jonathan Parker Willington 

Simon Antizall d" 

John Briggs Stafford 



* Giles Wolcott 



i66 



FITCH fApKRS^. 



John Benjamin 
Rosell Beabe 
Sami Brockway 
Nathi Cooley 
Israel Convers 
Thorn: Acland 
Robert Dunkley 
Joa: Davis 
Francis Fenton 
Josiah Fargo 
Alcott Fisher 
Thorns Holmes 
Jonath: Hedlocke 
David Johnson 
John Jordan 
David Lisle 
John Leveridge 
Phineas MaHing 
Sears Mobbes 
William Markham 
Bethuel Norton 
Jupiter (Negro) 
Simeon Greets 
Benjamin Rider 
Benajah Royce 
Moses Royce 
Lemuel Snow 
Jonathan Spragge 
Ebenezer Spragge 
Dani Rider 
Isaiah Rothbun 
Abiah Sawson 
Eleasar Scripture 
James Stark 
Ebenezer Thomas 
David Treadway 
Stephen Tayler 
Jos: Tubbs 



Stafford 

Colchester 

Waterbury 

Brimfield 

Stafford 

Colchester 

Brimfield 

do 
Willington 
Windsor 
Colchester 
East Haddam 
Lebanon 
Willington 
Norwich 
Stafford 
Colchester 
Stafford 
East Haddam 

do 

Farmington 
Colchester 
Stafford 
do 
do 
, do 
do 
do 
d° 
Willington 
Colchester 
Willington 

do 
Colchester 
do 
do 
do 
do 



CAPTAIN STANTON S COMPANY. 



167 



Joshua Wells 


Colchester 


Levi Webster 


d" 


William White 


Stafford 


Captain Stanton's 


Company* 


James Brown (Lieut) 


Preston 


Willm Denison (Ens:) 


Stonington 


Joseph Pollard 


d'' 


Charles Butson 


Preston 


George Back 


do 


John Brumbly 


d° 


Jesse Bennet 


Stoning! on 


Edward Clarke 


d« 


Willi" Carpenter 


d« 


Elisha Eady 


Preston 


John Freeman 


d° 


William Pagans 


Stonington 


Elijah Gates 


Preston 


Isaac Gates 


do 


Benjamin Holsey 


d« 


Isaac Henington 


Groton 


David Tolys ( ?) 


Stonington 


Chas Merritt 


do 


George Mitchel 


Groton 


John Manor 


do 


William Middleton 


Stonington 


Jacob Rude 


Preston 


Solomon Ridge 


do 


William Randle 


Stonington 


Minor Shaw 


do 


Simeon Shone 


do 


Lemuel Shelly 


do 


John Stanton 


do 


Abraham Thomas 


do 


Isaac Thorne 


do 


Thomas Wedge 


Preston 


Daniel Wedge 


do 


♦John Stanton. 





l6S FITCH PAPERS. 


Isaac Whittle 


Stonington 


Jesse Back 


Preston 


Jesse Swaddle 


Middleton 


Elisha Brown 


Stonington 


Sami Apes 


do 


William Apes 


do 


William Paul 


do 


Solomon Pavers 


do 


John Tolys (?) 


do 


Captain Durkee's 


Company'^' 


Josiah Smith (Lt) 


Ashford 


Thos Knolton (Ens.) 


do 


Eleazer Hibberd 


Windham 


James Spragge 


Union 


Chris: Webber 


Ashford 


Jos: Esterbrooks 


Mansfield 


Richard Abey 


Windham 


Joshua Seaton 


do 


Thomas Abbot 


Ashford 


Sam' Abbot 


do 


Joshua Burnam 


Windham 


Joseph Bowen 


Ashford 


John Brooks 


do 


Abiah Brooks 


do 


Nath: Coburn 


Wendham 


Absalom Corles 


do 


John Surtis 


Canterbury 


Joshua Davis 


Mansfield 


Timothy Demock 


Ashford 


William Farnham 


Windham 


Benj: Flint 


do 


John Fletcher 


Mansfield 


Sami Giers 


Windham 


Chris Huntington 


Mansfield 


Benjamin Hanks 


do 


Philip Holmes 


Ashford 


* Robert Durkee. 





CAPTAIN KINO S COMPANY, 



169 



Eliphat Harris 


Mansfield 


John Harris 


d° 


John Hucheson 


Ashford 


Caleb Johnson 


do 


William Kendal 


d" 


William Knolton 


do 


William Kies 


do 


Dyer Lewis 


d" 


Eliphat Lyon 


d" 


Henry Lyon 


d" 


Jesse Nagnes 


Union 


Obadiah Perry 


Ashford 


James Parker 


do 


Rob: Perry 


do 


Isaac Preston 


d° 


Mathew Fall 


do 


Ephraim Perry 


do 


John Ross 


Mansfield 


Aaron Ro 


do 


Sami Sickles 


do 


John Smith 


do 


Eliah Woodward 


Windham 


Aaron Whitney 


do 


Obadiah Woodworth 


do 


Sami Workings 


Ashford 


Joseph Stanton 


do 


Peter Stanton 


do 


Obiah Smith 


do 


Gideon Spencer 


Windham 


John Russell 


Ashford 


John Kyes 


d° 



Captain King's Company* 
Thomas Abby (Lieu) Enfield 

Stephen Richardson Ens: Coventry 

Jonath Booth Lebanon 

Selah Benton Coventry 



*Seth King. 



170 



FITCH 


PAPERS. 


Abner Pease 


Summers 


Jos: Young-e 


Windsor 


Jos: Bulevant 


Springfield 


Giles Jones 


Summers 


Sam' Warner 


Windsor 


Jonath: Bewell 


Simsbury 


Jos. Lyman 


Coventry 


Ezekiel White 


New London 


Thomas Burns 


Coventry 


Benj : Thrall 


Windsor 


John Mason 


Farmington 


Pelet: Dow 


Coventry 


Charles Ponsons 


Suffield 


Humphry Dow 


Coventry 


Alex: Gaudy 


Summers 


Hezekiah Pease 


Enfield 


Joseph Rooker 


Springfield 


Ely Simmonds 


Enfield 


John Osborne 


Summers 


Thomas Jones 


d° 


Phineas Ladd 


Coventry 


Henry Watkins 


Number Four 


Aaron Steel 


Springfield 


Thomas Glason 


Farmington 


William Hart 


do 


William Warner 


Summers 


Mathew Wolfe 


Westfield 


William Campbell 


d° 


Zach: Spencer 


Summers 


Jos: Whiple 


do 


Noah Davis 


do 


Dennis Parker 


Coventry 


Samuel Bartlet 


Stafford 


John Taylor 


Coventry 


Thomas Terry 


Enfield 


James Lymans 


do 


Isaiah Porter 


Coventry 


Nathani Ralph 


do 



CAPTAIN I.EDLIE S COMPANY. 



i7t 



Ebenezer Slade 


Coventry 


Petticot Ivey 


Suffield 


Captain Ledlie's 


Company* 


Peter Leavens (Lint) 


Killingsby 


Sami Adams (Ens) 


Canterbury 


John Ripley 


Wendham 


Seth Hoggers 


Ashford 


Ebener: Hibbard 


Windham 


Nathan! Wheeler 


Canterbury 


Eliah Kingsley 


Lebanon 


James Blackman 


Killingsby 


Seth Biirgis 


Canterbury 


Jos: Carpenter 


Preston 


Nathan' Colser 


Killingsby 


Will: Clift 


Plainfield 


Noah Cadey 


Killingsby 


Abner Church 


do 


Asa Davison 


Preston 


lush: (?) Story 


. d« 


Josiah Hibberd 


Windham 


Jonas Sunsiman 


Canterbury 


Eleaz: Herrick 


Preston 


Abel Hovey 


Windham 


Levi Hicks 


Killingsby 


John Knight 


do 


Solomon Lord 


Windham 


Aneas Lennond 


Killingsby 


Simeon Moorey 


do 


Moses Martin 


do 


Daniel May 


do 


Solom: Pettingatt 


Windham 


Jams Philipse 


do 


Elisha Parish 


Canterbury 


Squire Priest 


Killingsby 


Darius Priest 


do 


Esra Pride 


Preston 


*Hugh Ledlie. 





172 



FITCH PAPERS. 


Jacob Quotcheeks 


Preston 


Rob: Rude 


do 


Isaac Robeson 


Killingsby 


Philip Richmond 


do 


David Russell 


do 


David Smolley 


Lebanon 


Benj : Shepard 


Canterbury 


Isaac Underwood 


do 


Eliph: Webb 


Wendham 


Jonath: Wilkinson 


Preston 


John Wilkinson 


do 


Eliah Tracey 


do 


Captain Spalding's Company 


John Spalding Capt. 


Plainfield 


William Barker Lt: 


Pom fret 


John Smith Ens 


Voluntown 


Eliah Cadey 


Plainfield 


Jonathan Willson 


Woodstock 


Stephen Brown 


Pom fret 


Sami Collicks 


Volentown 


Sam' Seaton 


Plainfield 


Dani Stowit 


Pom fret 


Sami Smith 


do 


Elnathan Pope 


Volentown 


Jos: Manning 


Woodstock 


James Ames 


do 


John Broughton 


do 


Abiah Bugby 


do 


John Bowden 


do 


Robert Brown 


Volentown 


Sami Barrett 


Plainfield 


Will: Chamberlane 


Woodstock 


Eliah Carpenter 


do 


Ebenez: Carpenter 


do 


Isachar Childs 


do 


Timothy Curry 


Plainfield 


Nath: Dodge 


Woodstock 



CAPTAIN SPALDING S COMPANY, 



73 



Jesse Daily 


Killingsby 


John Dixon 


do 


Ezekiel Geary 


Volentown 


Calib Gibbs 


do 


Stephen Jordan 


do 


Elias Kittle 


do 


Hugh Kennady 


do 


Jonath: Minett 


do 


Dupee Gerard 


Plainfield 


Jonath: Howe 


do 


Solomon Howe 


do 


John Harridan 


do 


Jed: Kingsbury 


do 


Lemuel Goodall 


Woodstock 


Thorn: Howard 


do 


William Lyon 


do 


Noah Mason 


do • 


Ebenezer Phillipse 


do 


Elisha Philipse 


do 


William Stone 


do 


Richard Smith 


Providence 


John Seaton 


Volentown 


David Smith 


Woodstock 


Mephib: Thayes 


do 


Ezek: Spalding- 


Plainfield 


Thos Thornton 


Scituate 


Sam' Williams 


Woodstock 


Phineas Watkins 


Scituate 


Dani Knolton 


Ashford 


Ephraim Eaton 


ditto 


Esra Bruster 


New London 



Number Four in New Hampshire, November the 27,^ 1761 

I acknowledge to have received from the Contractors 
for Victualling His Majestys Forces in North America, by 
an Order of Captain Henry Browne of the fourth Royal- 
American Battalion, One Thousand Four Hundred and 
Eighty two Rations of Provisions of all species, being three 
Days Allowance each to four Hundred and ninety four Men 



174 FITCH PAPERS. 

effectives, in the first Regiment of Connecticut-Provincials, 
under my Command, to subsist them to the next inhabited 
Part of the Country: and I farther acknowlege, to have 
received from the said Captain Browne, Seventy three 
Pounds, seven Shillings and Eight Pence Sterling in dollars 
at four Shillings and eight Pence each, in Lieu of Four 
Thousand, Four hundred and three Rations moie, allowed 
them by His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief, to carry 
them to their Homes respectively, according to the distances 
placed against the Names of the Effectives in the foregoing- 
Roll, (which distances are calculated with all the Accuracy 
in my Power) The Whole amounting to Five Thousand 
Eight Hundred and Eighty Five Rations 

P Lyman 
[Indorsed] Roll of Col Lyman's Regiment of Connecticut 
Provincials, mustered at Number Four the 23d Novem- 
ber 1761. 

SECOND REGIMENT — COL. NATHAN WHITING. 

Account of Rations, allowed by order of his Excellency 
Sir Jeffery Amherst, Commander in Chief of His Majesty's 
Forces in North America, for the following Effectives, in 
Colonel Whiting's Regiment of Connecticut-Provincials, 
mustered at Number Four this twenty third day of Novem- 
ber 1 761, on their Return to their several Townships, in 
that Province, by Captain Henry Browne of the fourth 
Royal American Battalion: distinguishing particularly the 
Provisions in Kind, served out to them by the Contractors 
Agent to victual them to the next inhabited Part of the 
Country, as well as the Money paid by the said Captain 
Browne in Lieu of the daily Ration, to subsist them to their 
Homes respectively allowing twelve computed Miles to the 
Days March. Viz*: 

Colonel Whiting's Company 
Effectives mustered; Their Townships: 

Nathan Whiting Colonel New Haven 

Ab: FootCapt: Liut Brainford 



COLONEL WHITING S COMPANY. 



175 



Samuel Judd Liuten : 


Waterbury 


Gershon Dorance Surgeon 


Preston 


Stephen Cooper 


New Haven 


Nathan' Silkrig 


Waterbury 


Jehoida Wheadon 


Brainford 


Eli Bradley 


New Haven 


Sam' Beans 


Waterbury 


Valentine Hitchcock 


Wallingford 


Thomas Miles 


do 


Robert Martin 


d° 


James Miles 


d° 


Amos Hitchcock 


do 


Jehiel Byhinton 


do 


Samuel Martin 


Wallingford 


Peter Indian 


do 


William Sanderson 


do 


Benjamin Cook 


do 


Bartholomew Jacobs 


Waterbury 


Ezekiel Welton 


do 


Benjamin Williams 


do 


Ebenezer Saxton 


do 


Stephen Scovel 


do 


John Jenn 


do 


Samuel Jenn 


do 


Moses Frost 


d° 


Timothy Frost 


do 


Joseph Talmorse 


do 


Titus Barnes 


New Haven 


Robert Clement 


do 


Abel Beacher 


do 


David Dolittle 


do 


Charles Todd 


do 


Thomas Harris 


do 


Daniel Byhinton 


Brainford 


Jonathan Byhinton 


do 


Obadiah Winters 


do 


Joel Byhinton 


do 


Jordan Smith 


do 



176 FITCH 


PAPERS. 


Urziel Derwin 


Brainford 


Henry Wooster 


Darby 


Peleg Bennet 


Woodbury 


Thomas Peck 


Litchfield 


Ebenezer Roberts 


Waterbury 


Enoch Thomas 


Farmington 


Josiah Allen 


New Haven 


Reuben Tuttle 


d« 


Lieutenant Colonel 


Smedley's Compan; 


Benjamin Suiners Lieut 


Newtown 


David Ramsay, Ens 


Fairfield 


Caleb Starr 


Danbury 


Eber Wood 


do 


Atkinson Hilton 


Fairfield 


Walter Swaine 


Newton 


Jabez Rochford 


d" 


John Sharpe 


d« 


Abijah Prindle 


d° 


Ezra Foot 


do 


Jesse Lampier 


d« 


Nathan Baisley 


d« 


Joseph Johnson 


d« 


Eleazar Allen 


Fairfield 


William Thorpe 


do 


John Allen 


do 


John Davern 


do 


David King 


do 


Peter Seclier 


do 


Jabez Barlow^e 


do 


Aaron Jackson 


do 


Benson Sherman 


do 


Oliver Mallery 


do 


John Squire 


do 


Isaac Bonnell 


do 


Thomas Allen 


do 


Benjamin Frost 


do 



Lieut. Col. James Smedley. 



MA TOR Baldwin's company. 



177 



James Magrah 


Fairfield 


Esra Adams 


do 


Daniel Murrain 


do 


Samuel Bostick 


do 


Jehiel Whithead 


do 


Thomas Wood 


do 


John Knap 


Danbury 


Elijah Burchard 


do 


Henry Knap 


do 


William Johnson 


Greenwich 


Daniel Jackson 


Newton 


Andrew Knap 


Fairfield 


Major Baldwin's 


Company 


David Baldwin Major 


Milford 


James Arnold Lieuten' 


Derham 


Jared Wheadon 


do 


Moses Holt 


Wallingford 


John Davison 


Milford 


Stephen Tamlins 


d« 


Stephen Sandford 


do 


Enos Parker 


Wallingford 


Assa Wakely 


Derham 


Moses Griswold 


do 


James Scarritt 


Wallingford 


Nathan Hall 


do 


Timothy Stow 


Derham 


Peter Halkeley 


do 


Thomas Oviate 


Milford 


Charles Pond 


do 


Alexander Oviate 


do 


Abraham Stow 


Derham 


Samuel Doncook 


do 


Joseph Williams 


do 


Justus Baldwin 


Milford 


William Bidwell 


Derham 


John Jones 


Milford 


Jonathan Hubbard 


Derham 



178 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Miles Wright 


Derham 


Abither Squire 


do 


John Galbreath 


Milford 


Jonath: Knogthrope 


d" 


John Jones 


Derham 


Christopher Newton 


Milford 


Esra Marchant 


do 


Captain Whiting's 


Company 


Samuel Whiting Capt. 


Stratford 


Anthony Carpenter Lieut 


ditto 


James Stewart Ensign 


Kent 


Luke Fisher 


do 


John Beardsley 


Stratford 


Nehem: Blackman 


do 


David Wakeley 


do 


Isaac Beardsley 


do 


Samuel Blackman 


do 


Jos: Booth 


do 


Isaac Hill 


do 


Ephraim Hinman 


do 


Parr Higs 


do 


Joseph Tradewell 


do 


James Jones 


do 


George Kearns 


do 


Phineas Leake 


do 


David Lattin 


do 


Benjamin Lamkins 


do 


Joseph Merrit 


do 


John Merrit 


do 


Jonah Mallery 


do 


Abijah Pulford 


do 


William Rose 


do 


Justus Seeley 


do 


David Stratton 


do 


David Wheeler 


Fairfield 


Lemuel Baggs 


do • 


William Grant 


d^ 



CAPTAIN Thomson's company. 



79 



Israel Carter 


Kent 


Silvanus Bliss 


d« 


John Bliss 


d° 


Samuel Barnham 


d« 


Daniel Barnes 


do 


Samuel Cummings 


do 


Edward Wilcox 


do 


Nathaniel Hawley 


do 


John Leake 


do 


Richard Lane 


do 


Daniel Payne 


do 


Daniel Rowley 


do 


Nathaniel Smith 


do 


William Keels 


do 


Captain Thomson's 


Company* 


John Collins Lieuten* 


Wallingford 


Oliver Welton Ens: 


Waterbury 


John Givings 


Derby 


Jos: Loveland 


do 


Joseph Delamore 


do 


Nehemiah Moss 


do 


Adam Voyce 


do 


Roger Yarrington 


do 


Jeremiah O'Cane 


do 


Zabez Tuttle 


Waterbury 


Job Albode 


do 


Moses Brunson 


do 


Titus Barnes 


do 


Charles Cook 


do 


Moses Cook 


do 


Abraham Jois 


do 


Bernard Lewis 


do 


Abraham Osbone 


do 


Nathan Prindle 


do 


Gains Pritchard 


do 


Abraham Pritchard 


do 



■■ Capt. Jabez Thompson 



i8o 



FITCH 


PAPERS. 


Abiel Roberts 


Waterbury 


Samuel Strickland 


do 


William Tuttle 


-do 


Stephen Welton 


do 


Samuel Webb 


do 


Abel Weld 


do 


Daniel Williams 


do 


Judd Clarke 


Farmington 


Joseph Bullock 


do 


John Barnett 


do 


Jonathan Brunson 


do 


Daniel Carter 


do 


Samuel Culven 


do 


Andrew Culven 


do 


Andrew Ringlead 


do 


Livius Thorpe 


do 


John Thomas 


do 


Samuel Spier 


do 


Benjamin Curtis 


Newhaven 


Jabez Gilbert 


do 


Gideon Todd 


do 


Eliah Woodcot 


do 


John Griswold 


Wallingford 


Samuel Cravath 


do 


Thomas Smith 


do 


William Tyler 


do 


Enos Gotherd 


do 


Daniel Barnes 


do 



Capt. Hobbey's Company* 

Joseph Stebbins Ens: Ridgefield 

John Jones do 

David Hall New Fairfield 

Jeremiah Finch Greenwich 

Elj Reynolds do 

Joshua Rundle do 

Joseph Lee do 



*Capt. Thomas Hobby. 



CAPTAIN HITCHCOCK S COMPANY. 



Jonathan Reynolds 


Greenwich 


John Nichols 


do 


John Smith 


Stamford 


Jedidiah Holley 


d° 


Josiah Gates 


do 


Isaac Gilbert 


Ridgefield 


Hezekiah Gilbert 


do 


Abraham Adams 


do 


James Caffegne 


do 


John Toyce 


do 


Daniel Thorpe 


do 


Nehemiah Sherwood 


do 


Moses Kennet 


do 


Zacchaeus Gregory 


do 


Daniel Chapman 


Greenwich 


Nathaniel Cross 


do 


Thomas Ferriss 


do 


James Wright 


do 


Andrew Dorthy 


do 


Amos Knap 


do 


Elj Knap 


do 


Samuel Knap 


do 


Amos Partilo 


do 


Jehiel Partilo 


do 


William Johnson 


do 


Thomas Marshall 


do 


Abraham Studwell 


do 


William Blake 


do 


Jeremiah Barnett 


Stamford 


John Addenton 


Greenwich 



Captain Hitchcock's Company 

Amos Hitchcock (Capt) New Haven 
Timothy Ruggles do 

Ebenezer Donnes do 

Joseph Mills Wallingsford 

Charles Bishop New Haven 

Thomas Beach Wallingsford 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Phineas Beach 
John Beach 
John Bushell 
Oliver Dolittle 
William Hodgekiss 
Joseph Ives 
Uziel Mansfield 
Joel Potter 
Benjamin Smith 
John Smith 
Ebenezer Wilcox 
Jehu Robinson 
Samuel Comstock 
Daniel Bushnell 
Richard Nichols 
James Comstock 
John Wilcox 
Amos Becher 
James Thomas 
Joseph Wise 
Timothy Thomas 
William Sandford 
Thomas Sandford 
Josiah Hart 
Timothy Plant 
Hezekiah Ball 
Richard Lucas 
John Thomson 
Jeremiah Osborne 
Bate Hall 
Nathanael Hall 
Luke Jethro 
Hezekiah Brookit 



Brainford 

. do 
Killingsworth 
Wallingford 
Newhaven 

do 

do 

do 

do 
Killingsworth 

do 
Brainford 
Killingsworth 

do 
Wallingsford 
Killingsworth 

do 
Newhaven 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 
Wallingsford 
Brainford 
Newhaven 
Brainford 
Newhaven 

do 
Wallingsford 

do 
Newhaven 

do 



Captain Fitch's Company* 
Eliphat Wells (Lieut) Colchester 

Henry Holdridge (Ens) do 



* Capt. Azel Fitch. 



CAPTAIN FITCH S COMPANY. 



:83 



Orlando Mack 


Colchester 


James Hovey 


do 


William Bramble 


do 


Jonathan Fenton 


do 


Ezekiel Wickwire 


do 


Thomas Bell 


do 


Zariel Dexter 


Lebanon 


Samuel Wandsworth 


do 


Joseph Freeman 


do 


Joseph Taylor 


do 


Joseph Tuttle 


do 


John Tuttle 


do 


Samuel Meechem 


do 


Eliphat Dodge 


do 


Nathan Hares 


do 


Walter Alden 


do 


Ambrose Gonitis 


do 


William Roach 


do 


William Foley 


do 


Philip George 


do 


Thomas Palmer 


do 


Alexander Brink 


Hebron 


Simeon Dawey 


do 


John Grane 


do 


John Standley 


do 


David Mason 


do 


Samuel Wallrouse 


do 


Nathan Roberts 


do 


Elijah Bailey 


do 


David Bosworth 


do 


Daniel Ingram 


do 


Joseph Richardson 


do 


Micajah Ingham 


Coventry 


Ephraim Rowley 


do 


Philip Judd 


do 


William McCarey 


do 


Jared Ingram 


do 



184 FITCH 


[ PAPERS. 


Captain Thomas 


Payne's Company* 


Abraham Tyler (Lieut) 


Haddam 


Isaac Kimberly (Liu) 


Guilford 


Samuel Loper 


do 


Thomas Warner 


Seabrook 


Nathaniel Harris 


do 


Samuel Jones 


do 


Samuel Buckingham 


do 


Samuel Bailey 


Haddam 


Jabez Bates 


do 


Jonathan Bates 


do 


Isaac Williams 


do 


Samuel Ferguson 


do 


James Ferguson 


do 


Joseph Scovel 


do 


William Brookes 


do 


Charles Brookes 


do 


Nathaniel Heath 


do 


Ephraim Turner 


d° 


Timothy Spencer 


do 


Sami Afford 


do 


Elisha Ray 


do 


Benjamin Smith 


do 


Israel Clarke 


do 


Melcher Fowler 


Guilford 


Jacob Kimberley 


do 


Moses Munsen 


do 


Jabez Merrick 


Seabrook 


Phineas Bushnell 


do 


Daniel Bushnell 


do 


John Butler 


do 


Joseph Graham 


do 


Robert Newitt 


do 


Silas Glanning 


do 


Thomas Addis 


do 


Ebenezer Ingham 


do 


John Dormerly 


do 



■■ Originally Capt. Thomas Pierce's Company. 



CAPTAIN Elmer's company. 185 

Job Wheeler Seabrook 

Samuel Dennison d'' 

William Hill d« 

Jonathan Loveland d^ 

Nathanael Dough d° 

Joshua Dough d" 

Concklin Buckley d° 

Captain Elmer's Company* 

Captain Elmer Sharon 



Joel Boney Ens 


do 


Isaac Osterrout 


d« 


Stephen Spolden 


do 


Daniel Elmer 


do 


Gideon Barnham 


do 


Zopher Bates 


do 


Barnabas Barnham 


do 


Samuel Corbett 


do 


Isaac Croaker 


do 


Timothy Doty 


do 


Israel Dibble 


do 


Russell Fuller 


do 


Obed Fellows 


do 


Thomas Goodwin 


do 


Judah Gaines 


do 


Josiah Higley 


do 


Thomas Lattermore 


do 


John North 


do 


John Owen 


do 


Joshua Preston 


do 


John Richards 


do 


John Rockwell 


do 


Stephen Start 


do 


Adoniah Strong 


do 


Naphtali Shuter 


do 


Daniel Trickner 


do 


Samuel Thomas 


do 


* Capt. Samuel Elmer 





1 86 FITCH PAPERS. 


Nathan Tubbs 


Sharon 


Thomas Tanner 


dp 


Thomas Tracey 


do 


Abraham Vanser 


do 


Joseph Wood 


do 


Samuel Whitaker 


do 


Jabez Adams 


do 


Philip Bess 


do 


Samuel Gripin 


do 


Captain MacNiel's 


Company* 


Elj Catlin Lieutent 


Litchfield 


Lieutenant Morse** 


Newmilford 


Reuben Bostwick Ens 


do 


David Woodworth 


Litchfield 


John Grant 


do 


Isaac Catlin 


do 


Benjamin Reeves 


do 


Elj Emmonds 


do 


Amos Johnson 


do 


Alexander Catlin 


do 


David Williams 


do 


Eleazer Bartholomew 


do 


Jacob Dickinson 


do 


Ranse Hoddard 


do 


Azael Hitchcock 


New Milford 


Abner Seely 


do 


Azael Baldwin 


do 


David Buck 


do 


Dominic Douglass 


do 


David Wilkinson 


do 


Enos Coffield 


do 


Eliah Tolls 


do 


Jonathan Pearse 


do 


Lewis Wilkinson 


do 



* Capt. Archibald McNeal. 
** Lieut. Isaac Morse. 



CAPTAIN MAC NIEL S COMPANY. 



:87 



Peter Johnston 


New Milford 


Samuel Drinkwater 


do 


Silas Lamson 


do 


Willm Drinkwater 


do 


Amos Broughton 


Woodbury 


Assa Whitney 


do 


David Foot 


do 


Elisha Walker 


do 


Eleasar Ingram 


do 


Elisha Smith 


do 


Elisha Clarke 


do 


James Root 


do 


Joseph Lamb 


do 


James Francher 


do 


Henry Ingram 


do 


James Leslie 


do 


John Lequeve 


do 


Lewis Hunger 


do 


Samuel Pillock 


do 


Thomas Barker 


do 


Clerk Royce 


Goshen 


Josiah Royce 


do 


Timothy Osborne 


Torrington 


Jehiel Towner 


New Fairfield 


Moses Johnson 


New Milford 


Azael Bostwick 


do 


Nathaniel Bechan 


do 


Peter Haisley 


do 


Benajah Beeman 


do 


Samuel Prindle 


Kent 


Theophilus Wenn 


Wallingsford 


Lamos Hopson 


do 


Israel Herbert 


Woodbury 


Noah Harrison 


Brainford 


John Skinner 


Salisbury 


John Reynolds 


Woodbury 



l88 FITCH 


PAPERS. 


Captain Joseph 


Heit's* Company 


Levi Taylor Lieutenant 


Stamford 


Charles Stewart Lieut: 


d° 


Ephraim Kimberley 


do 


Peter Scoffield 


do 


Elisha Arnold 


do 


Moses Bickspey 


do 


Andrew Browne 


do 


Timothy Bates 


' do 


Jonathan Curtis 


do 


Philip Kennady 


do 


Jos: Durand 


do 


Thomas Handford 


do 


Benjamin Heat 


do 


James Heat 


do 


Josiah Heat 


do 


William Lennard 


do 


Benjamin Lownesbury 


do 


William Josiah Lewis 


do 


John Mills 


do 


John Nichols 


do 


Nehemiah Nichols 


do 


Samuel Prevoss 


do 


Joseph Rockwell 


d° 


Ebenezer Smith 


do 


Thomas Swan 


do 


Seth Scrivener 


do 


Samuel Tryon 


do 


Joel Wade 


do 


Phineas Waterbury 


do 


Samuel Waterbury 


d.o 


Joseph Webb 


do 


Jonathan Webb 


do 


Uriah Raymond 


d° 


Benjamin Hitchcock 


do 


Lemuel Randle 


do 


Alexander Sloane 


do 



♦Also spelled Hait and Holt. 



SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON. 189 

Thaddeus Carter Wallingsford 

Noah Andrews d° 

Moses Andrews d° 

Samuel Abenatha d" 

Andrew Beardsley d^ 

James Plant d^ 

Benjamin Rexford d'^ 

Number Four in New Hampshire November 23'i, 1761. 

I acknowledge to have received from the Contractors 
for Victualling His Majesty's Forces in North-America, by 
an Order of Captain Henry Browne of the fourth Royal 
American Battalion, One Thousand Five Hundred and 
twenty Four Rations of Provisions of all Species, being 
three Days Allowance each, for Five Hundred and Eight 
Effectives of the second Regiment of Connecticut-Provin- 
cials, under my Comand, to subsist them to the next in- 
habited Parts of the Country — and I farther acknowledge 
to have received from the said Captain Browne, Eighty 
nine Pounds Four Shillings Sterling, in Dollars at four 
Shillings and eight Pence each, in Lieu of Five Thousand 
three Hundred and Fifty two Rations more, allowed them 
by His Excellency the Commander in Chief, to carry them 
to their Homes respectively, according to the distances 
placed against the Names of the Effectives in the foregoing 
Roll, (which Distances are calculated with all the Accuracy 
in my Power) The Whole, amounting to. Six Thousand 
Eight Hundred and seventy six Rations. 

N Whiting Col^ 

of 2d Cont Regt 
[Indorsed] Roll of Colonel Whiting's Regiment of Con- 
necticut-Provincials, mustered at Number Four the 23^ 

November 1761. 

SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 
[Sir William Johnson wrote on December 10, 1761, to 
Governor Stephen Hopkins of Rhode Island recounting his 
services during the war and the sacrifices to his private for- 
tune from the expenses necessary to the commander of an 



ipo FITCH PAPERS. 

army during the long campaign, amounting to near a thou 
sand pounds, New York currency ; and suggesting that the 
matter be laid before the legislature and a grant made to 
him which " (with the quotas of the other colonies con- 
cerned, to whom I now apply), may reimburse me the ex- 
penses of that campaign, as well as my pay. " This indicates 
that a similar letter was sent to Governor Thomas Fitch, 
although neither the letter nor any direct reference to it has 
been found. Rhode Island Colonial Records, VI. 295.] 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT, 

Separate 
Whitehall December 12, 1761. 
Getitleinen, 

The King having taken into His Most Serious Consid- 
eration, how highly essential it is to the Interests & Security 
of His Subjects in N" America, that the regular Regiments, 
serving in that Country, be recruited with all convenient 
Expedition, to their full Complement of Effectives, and at 
the same Time, seeing the impracticability of compleating 
them from Great Britain, considering how this Country is 
drained by the great Number of Men furnished for the var- 
ious Services in all Parts of the World ; I am therefore to sig- 
nify to You the King's Pleasure, that You do, immediately on 
the Receipt of this Letter exert your utmost Influence to in- 
duce Your Colony to carry into the most speedy and effectual 
Execution this very important Object, by immediate Com- 
pliance with any Requisition, which Sir Jefferey Amherst 
shall in Consequence of His Majesty's Orders, make for 
furnishing, on certain Conditions which he will explain to 
You, such a Number of Recruits from Your Colony, as he 
shall demand, as their Quota towards compleating the Reg- 
ular Regiments, which have been sent to America for the 
Defence and Protection of the Possessions of His Majesty's 
Subjects there; And the King cannot doubt but that the 
Provinces will chearfully & readily comply with this reason- 
able Demand, so obviously calculated for their own Security 
& Advantage, at the same Time that Your Zeal for His 



EARL OF EGREMONT. 19I 

Majesty's Service will naturally excite You to use all Your 
Influence & Power in bringing effectually to bear a Measure, 
which His Majesty has so much at Heart, and with Regard 
to which any Failure or Disappointment would be extremely 
disagreable. 

I have it also in Command from the King to acquaint 
You, that tho' the present Situation of Affairs would have 
fully justified the having required of the Provinces as large 
a Number of Men, as they ever have raised for any of the 
former Campaigns, instead of the Quota which was demand- 
ed last Year, Yet, His Majesty, considering the high Impor- 
tance of the Service, which makes the Subject of this Letter 
& being desirous to ease the Burthens of His Faithful 
Subjects, as far as shall be consistant with their own Safety, 
has been pleased to require only the same Number of Men 
as for the last Year, in order thereby to facilitate a Measure 
so essential as the Compleating the Regular Regiments by 
Recruits to be furnished from the Provinces in North 
America, and the King is persuaded, that the said Provinces, 
duly sensible of His Majesty's Tender & Paternal Care for 
their Welfare, will in return readily & chearfully comply 
with the Orders now sent You. 

I am, with great Truth & Regard 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

EGREMONT 

Govr & Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Egreraont 12th Decembr 

1761 Rec<i 23d Feb^y 1762 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall Dec 12'^ 1761. 
Gentlemen^ 

As the King has nothing so much at Heart, as to secure, 
& improve the great & important Advantages gained since 
the Commencement of this War, in North America, and 
having seen his good Dispositions to restore the Publick 
Tranquility entirely frustrated by the Insincerity & Chicane 



192 FITCH PAPERS. 

of the Court of Versailles, in the late Negotiation: And as 
nothing can so effectually contribute to the great & essen- 
tial Object of reducing the Enemy -to the Necessity of 
Accepting a Peace, on Terms of Glory and Advantage to 
His Majesty's Crown, and Beneficial, in particular, to His' 
Subjects in America, as The King's being enabled to em- 
ploy, as immediately as may be, such Part of the regular 
Forces in North America, as may be adequate to some great 
and important Enterprize against the Enemy, I am com- 
manded to signify to you The King's Pleasure, that, in 
order the better to provide for the full & entire Security of 
His Majesty's Dominions in North America and particularly 
of the Possession of His Majesty's Conquests there, during 
the Absence of such Part of the regular Forces you do 
forthwith use your utmost Endeavours & Influence with the 
Council and Assembly of your Colony, to induce them to 
raise, with all possible Dispatch, within your Government, 
at least the same Number of Men they raised the last Year 
Viz' Two Thirds of what had been levied for the former 
Campaigns; and, forming the same into Regiments, as far as 
shall be found convenient, that you do direct them to hold 
Themselves in readiness, & particularly as much earlier, 
than former Years, as may be, to march to such Place or 
Places, in North America, as His Majesty's Commander in 
Chief there shall appoint, in order to be employed there 
under the supreme Command of His Majesty's said Com- 
mander in Chief in America, in such Manner as He shall 
judge most conducive to the King's Service: And, the 
better to facilitate this important Service, The King is 
pleased to leave it to you to issue Commissions to such 
Gentlemen of your Colony, as you shall judge, from their 
Weight & Credit with the People, and their zeal for the 
publick Service, may be best disposed & able to quicken & 
effectuate the speedy levying of the greatest Number of 
Men; In the Disposition of which Commissions, I am per- 
suaded, you will have nothing in View, but the Good of the 
King's Service, and a due Subordination of the whole to 
His Majesty's Commander in Chief: And all Officers of the 



EARL OF EGREMONT. I95 

Provincial Forces, as high as Colonels, inclusive, are to 
have Rank, according to their several respective Commis- 
sions, agreable to the Regulations contained in his late 
Majesty's Warrant of the 30th of Dec 1757, which has been 
renewed by His present Majesty. 

The King is further pleased to furnish all the Men, so 
raised as above, with Arms, Ammimition, & Tents, as well 
as to order Provisions to be issued to the same, by His 
Majesty's Commissaries, in the same Proportion, & Manner, 
as is done to the rest of the King's Forces: The whole, 
therefore, that His Majesty expects and requires from the 
several Provinces is, the Levying, Cloathing, & Pay, of the 
Men; and on these Heads also, that no Encouragement 
may be wanting to this great & salutary Service, The King 
is further most graciously pleased to permit me to acquaint 
you, that strong Recommendations will be made to Parlia- 
ment, in their Session next Year, to grant a proper Compen- 
sation for such Expences as above, according as the active 
Vigour & strenuous Efforts of the respective Provinces 
shall justly appear to merit. 

It is His Majesty's Pleasure, that you do, with particular 
Diligence, immediately collect, & put into the best Condi- 
tion, all the Arms issued last Campaign, which can be any- 
ways, rendered serviceable, or that can be found within 
your Government, in order that the same may be again 
employed for His Majesty's Service. 

I am further to inform you, that similar Orders are 
sent, by this Conveyance, to New Hampshire, Massachu- 
set's Bay, Rhode Island, New York, & New Jersey; The 
Southern Governments are also directed to raise Men in the 
same Manner, to be employed in such offensive Operations, 
as the Circumstances & Situation of the Enemy's Posts, 
and the State & Disposition of the Indian Nations, on that 
Side, may point out & require. 

It is unnecessary to add any Thing to animate your 
zeal, in the Execution of His Majesty's Orders, in this im- 
portant Conjuncture, which is finally to fix the future Safety 
& Welfare of America, and of your own Colony in particu- 



194 FITCH PAPERS. 

lar: And The King doubts not, from your known Fidelity & 
Attachment, that you will employ yourself, with the utmost 
Application & Dispatch, in this promising & decesive Crisis. 
I am, with great Truth & Regard, 

Gentlemen, your most obedient 
humble Servant 

EGREMONT 
Gov & Compy of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Egremont 12th Decem- 
ber 1 76 1 Rec"^ 1 6th Febry 1762 

PROCLAMATION BY GOVERNOR THOMAS FITCH. 

By the Honourable Thomas Fitch Esqr Governor and 
Commander in Chief of his Majestys Colony of Connecticut 
in New England in America. 

A Proclamation. 

having Received His Majestys Instructions under his 
Royal vSignet and Sign Manual to the Governor and Company 
of this Colony given at the Court at S* James's the 29th Day 
of September laste therein Signifying that whereas he hath 
been pleased by his Order in Council of the nth Day of Sep- 
tember aforesaid to declare that in the Morning and Evening 
Prayers in the Litany and All other Parts of the public Ser- 
vice as well in the Occasional Offices as in the Book of Com- 
mon Prayer, when the Royal Family is appointed to be 
particularly Pray'd for the following form of words Should 
be Used viz. Our gracious Queen Charlotte, Her Royal 
Highness the Princess Dozvager of Wales and all the Royal 
Family, his will and Pleasure therefore is that in all the 
Prayers Litanys and Collects, where the Royal Family is 
Pray'd for and which are Used within the Colony of Con- 
necticut the vSame Form and order of Words be Used as 
follows vizt. Our gracious Queen Charlotte, Her Royal 
Highness the Princess Doivager of Males and All the Royal 
Family, and that for the better Notice thereof in this Col- 
ony it is his Majestys further Will and Pleasure that we 
Cause the Same to be forthwith Published in the several 
Parish Churches and other Places of Divine Worship within 



EARL OF EGREMONT. I95 

this Colony and that we take care that due Obedience be 
paid there to Accordingly 

I do therefore in Obedience to the Kings Commands 
Issue this Proclamation to make known to all his Majesty's 
good Subjects in this Colony his Royal Will and Pleasure 
Signifyed in the Instruction aforesaid and do Direct and 
Order the several Ministers of the Gospel forthwith to pub- 
lish the Same by Reading a Printed Copy thereof in the 
Several Parish Churches and other Places of Divine Wor- 
ship within this Colony and do strictly Require that due 
Obedience be paid to his Majestys Royal Will and Pleasure 
Signifyed as aforesaid. 

Given under my Hand 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall Janry y'h 1762. 
Gentlemen, 

His Majesty having found it necessary to declare War 
against the King of Spain, was pleased, in a Council, held 
on Saturday last, at S' James's, for that purpose, to sign the 
inclosed Declaration,* and to order that the Same should be 
published on Monday the 4th instant, by the Heralds at Arms 
in the usual Places, and with the accustomed Formalities, 
which has been accordingly done. You will find the just 
and indispensible Reasons which have forced the King to 
take this Measure, so fully set forth in the above Declara- 
tion of War, that I am only to signify to you His Majesty's 
Pleasure, that you do cause the same to be proclaimed in the 
Colony of Connecticut, under your Government, in order 
that the King's Subjects, having this Notice, may take care 
to prevent any Mischief, which otherwise. They might 
suffer from the Enemy, and do their Duty, in their several 
Stations, to distress & annoy the Subjects of Spain; And 
His Majesty would have you be very rigorous & severe in 
preventing any Provisions, Ammunition or Stores of any 

*The text of this Declaration, which appears to have been signed on January 
2, can be found in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1762, page 16. The reason for 
declaring war was the belief that Spain was about to join France in hostilities 
•against Great Britain. 



196 FITCH PAPERS. 

kind, from being carried to them, and you are to use all 
proper Methods that may be most effectual for that pur- 
pose. 

1 am with great truth and regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

EGREMONT 
P. S. 

His Majesty has been pleased to order Letters of 
Marque, or Commissions to Privateers, to be granted in 
the usual manner. 

GoV" & Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Duplicate Letter from the Earl of Egremont 
7th Janry 1762. Rec<^ 13*11 April with Declaration of War 
against Spain 

THOMAS FITCH TO EARL OF EGREAIONT. 

NoRWALK 8th Janry 1762 
My Lord 

Your Letter of the 9'h of October to the Governor and 
Company of the Colony of Connecticut Acquainting us that 
the King having been graciously pleased to grant M^ Secre- 
tary Pitt's Request to Retire from Business hath Appointed 
you to be Secretary of State for the Southern Department I 
take the earliest Opportunity to Acknowledge the Receipt 
of and Assure your Lordship we shall for the future ob- 
serve your Lordships Directions in Addressing our Letters 
to you to be laid before the King and beg Leave to 
Request your Lordships Kind Offices in Rendring them 
acceptable to His Majesty. I am further to Acknowledge 
the Receipt of M^ Secretary Pitt's Letters of the ii'^ and 
28*^ of September Honouring us with the Accounts of their 
Majestys Royal Nuptials and Coronation which was Re- 
ceived with great Joy and Satisfaction 
I am my Lord with the greatest 

Regard and Esteem your Lordships 

most Obedient and most Humble Servant 
THO« FITCH. 



MATHER r?YLES, JR. 197 

The Right Honbie the Earl of Egremont one of his 
Majestys Principal Secretary of State 
[Indorsed] Letter to the R H. Earl of Egremont Secretary 

of State 8th jan^y 1762 

MATHER BYLES, JR., TO MATHER BYLES. 

New London, Feb. 8, 1762. 
Rev^ Sir, 

Your's by M"" William Hubbard, I had the Pleasure of 
receiving on Saturday Evening. I do not wonder at the 
severe Hint You give me about my long Silence: but I really 
have not met with a single opportunity of writing since my 
last. If I had, I should have chearfully improved it. Capt. 
Loring of Roxbury indeed lodged at my House: came in 
the Evening, & went off the next Morning by Sunrise. My 
'Becca improved a few Minutes in directing a short Note to 
her Sister, while he step'd abroad upon Business; as I 
should doubtless have done to you, had I not been called 
out at that Instant to a poor woman in the Neighbourhood 
who, as her Husband informed me, had just escaped a very 
great Deliverance by falling down a Well. 

The Affair of the Gun, which the short Time my 'Becca 
was Mistress of, would then suffer her to relate but very 
imperfectly, was an entire Accident, owing to the Careless- 
ness of an Apprentice Boy, who was shooting Snow Birds 
in my Garden. He broke ten Quarrels of Glass in the 
Kitchen Window: & my Wife but narrowly escaped with 
her Life; tho' thro' the Goodness of Providence, she received 
no Hurt. I pursued the Fellow instantly, & did intend to 
have prosecuted him: but upon his humbling himself, & re- 
pairing the Damages, I passed it over. This happened the 
Day before Christmas. 

Since that, on the 24th Ult. I was assaulted, not indeed 
in my House, but in my Pulpit, by the Rogerines, who 
entred the Meeting House, in a Body, to bear their clam- 
orous Testimony against Idolatrous Worship, at a Time 
when I happened to be preaching upon the same Subject, 
from Luk. iv. 8. They had been quiet for a considerable 



I9« FITCH PAPERS. 

Time past: & what animated them to this mad Expedition, 
I know not ; unless it was immoderate Thirst for Persecution. 
As soon as they spoke, I paused, & pronounced aloud; 
" Public Worship applies to civil Authority for Protection." 
I closed my Bible, & the Justices, Sheriff, Constables, with 
the unanimous Assistance of all the Young People in the 
Assembly, knocked off their Hats, & pushed them headlong 
out of the House. The whole of the Disturbance, I suppose 
did not continue above a Minute & an half. Ten of them 
were this Day fined by Justice Richards Forty Shillings 
Lawful Money apiece; so that this Frolick of a Minute & a 
half, will cost them one hundred & fifty Pounds old tenor, 
besides Court-Charges, Officer's Fees, &c. which will be full 
Fifty more. 

I should be particularly obliged to You for the Press 
Bedstead, as it will be a very pretty & suitable Peice of 
Furniture for my little Room below: & will endeavor to send 
for it as soon as possible. If I could preach like the Sermon 
upon Mr Dummer, I should myself be a new Illustration of 
the Text; Man at his best Estate, & altogether Vanity: but 
as it is, I can but attempt to imitate, at a humble Distance. 

My dear 'Becca sends her Duty. I must in Justice pro- 
nounce her the best of Wives : nor can I give a Person at a 
Distance any Idea how compleatly amiable she appears in 
every Article of her Conduct. I am really as happy in this 
Respect as 'tis possible for a Man to be. How long these 
Scenes of Tranquillity will continue, the Supreme Disposer 
of all Things only knows. I deserve them not. 

Tho' I know of no Conveyance, at present, for this Let- 
ter: I could not omit sitting down, & making Use of the 
First Opportunity of acknowledging your Favor by M' 
Hubburd, & afresh subscribing myself. 

Your most dutiful Son, 

MATHER BYLES. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[General Jeffrey Amherst wrote on February 9, 1762, 
to Governor Thomas Fitch, urging him in accordance with 



JEFFREY AMHERST, I 99 

His Majesty's directions, as already communicated by the 
Earl of Egremont, to arrange for full compliance with the 
directions for prosecuting the war, by enlisting the same 
number of men required for the last campaign and supply- 
ing them with whatever they shall need, by having them 
ready for service as early as possible, by collecting arms 
and putting them in serviceable condition; also by urging 
enlistment into the regular regiment serving in America, as 
soon as the number desired shall be known. Evidence that 
this circular letter, identical copies of which are known to 
have been sent to the governors of New Hampshire and 
Rhode Island, was also sent to Governor Thomas Fitch, is 
supplied by General Jeffrey Amherst's letter of the twenty- 
first of the same month. Reference is made in the Connec- 
ticut Colonial Records to its receipt by Governor Fitch, and 
the text of the identical copies received by the governors of 
New Hampshire and Rhode Island is extant. This text 
says: " As I acquainted you in my letter of the 9th in- 
stant," evidencing that his letter of that date was undoubt- 
edly sent also to the governor of Connecticut. Kezv Hamp- 
shire Provincial Papers, VI. 812; Rhode Island Colonial 
Records, VI. 302; Connecticut Colonial Records, XI. 623.] 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[On February 21, 1762. General Jeffrey Amherst wrote 
to Governor Thomas Fitch, making reference to his previous 
letter of the ninth instant, requesting the enlistment into 
the regular service of of one hundred and seventy-eight men 
as Connecticut's quota, offering a bounty of ^5 New York 
currency to each man who shall enlist, and a reward of forty 
shillings New York currency to any authorized provin- 
cial officer for every man he shall persuade to enlist. Con- 
necticut Colonial Records, XI. 623; New Hampshire Pro- 
vincial Papers, VI. 814; RJiode Island Colonial Records, VI . 
303-] 



200 FITCH PAPERg. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 
[On April 15, 1762, General Jeffrey Amherst wrote to 
Governor Thomas Fitch that he had proof of the enemy- 
being supplied with provisions from almost every port in 
North America, that it was necessary to stop such infamous 
practices as there was great demand for provisions for the 
king's troops, and requesting him to prohibit provisions 
from being shipped from the ports of the Colony except for 
the king's service and to oblige merchants to deliver their 
stores of provisions to persons appointed to purchase for 
that service. Connecticut Colonial Records, XII. 63; Rhode 
Island Colonial Records, VI. 311.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO EARL OF EGREMONT. 

NoRWALK 15th April 1762 
My Lord 

On receiving your Letter of the 12th December to the 
Governor and Company of this Colony of Connecticut I 
forthwith Issued Orders for calling the General Assembly 
which being met I laid the Letter before them recommend- 
ing the Subject matter of it to their serious and early con- 
sideration and am now to acquaint you that altho the Colony 
is greatly exhausted by the extraordinary expence of former 
Campaigns and the Inhabitants much Distressed by a very 
long and severe Drought last Summer the Effects of which 
in their Cattle especially is felt in a particular manner this 
Spring yet the Assembly have Voted and made Provision 
for raising the same Number of Men as were raised last 
year to be imployed according to the Kings Directions sig- 
nified in your Letter under the Supream Command of His 
Majestys Commander in Chief in America. These Levies 
are generally made and the Companies being near if not 
quite compleated will be soon ready to march into Service. 

Your Lordships separate Letter of the same Date 
respecting Recruits to be raised in the Colonies towards 
compleating the Regular Regiments serving in this Country 
to their full Complement of Effectives I also received and 
laid before the Assembly and am also to acquaint you the 



CADWALLADER GOLDEN. 20I 

Assembly in Compliance therewith and in consequence of 
the Demand made by Sir Jeffery Amherst thereon granted 
Encouragement to the Number of five hundred and Seventy 
five Effective Men in this Colony not under Eighteen nor 
above forty years of Age to inlist themselves for that Ser- 
vice and that the Sum of five pounds be allowed and paid 
as an Additional Bounty to Each Man voluntarily inlisting 
himself to serve therein ; in pursuance of which, Orders 
have been given out and Officers authorized to inlist the 
men, what the Success will be is as yet something Uncer- 
tain. I have also lately received your Letter of the y^^ 
January with the Kings Declaration of War against Spain 
and forthwith ordered it to be proclaimed in the several 
Counties in the Colony with the accustomed Formalities. 
I am my Lord 

With the highest 

Esteem and Regard your 

Lordships most Obedient 

and most humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 
The Right Honourable the Earl of Egremont One of 
His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State 
[Indorsed] Connecticut April 15th 1762 Gov Fitch R June 
19th 

CADWALLADER GOLDEN TO THOMAS FITCH. 
Fort George New York, April 28*^^ 1762. 
Sir 

As I find it difficult to raise the number of Men for his 
Maje.sty's service that are provided for by the Legislature 
of this Province and as Timothy Northam of your Colony 
has assured me that he can get a considerable number of 
men in your Colony willing to enlist in the pay of this 
Colony to whom I have given a Warrant to Inlist Men, I 
must beg the favour incouraging him for that purpose. I 
can make no doubt of your concurrence in promoting the 
Service at this time which you know his Majesty has very 
much at heart. I am with great truth & regard Sir. 



202 FITCH PAPERS. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[General Jeffrey Amherst wrote on May 5, 1762, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch that several persons belonging to 
the colony were engaged in iniquitous practices, which 
occasioned great difficulty in procuring supplies for his 
Majesty's service, by sending their vessels on voyages 
supposed to be with provisions and by keeping quantities 
of provisions in store which they will not sell. The letter 
probably also requested that an embargo be laid to prevent 
the export of provisions excepting for his Majesty's service. 
This letter probably differed but little from a letter sent by 
General Amherst to the governor of Rhode Island dated 
May 7, 1762, in which he states that he has written to the 
governor of Connecticut regarding an embargo. Colonial 
Records^ XII. 64; Rhode Island Colonial Records, VI. 317.] 

JARED INGERSOLL TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Hartford May 1762 

Inclosed you have my Acco Currant with the Colony, & 
which I Suppose is the needfull, in Order to the Assemblys 
Appointing A Comtee to Examin the particulars which are 
numerous, with the Vouchers, &c 

I am Yr Most Obed' 
Humbi Serv* 

J INGERSOLL 
Gov^ Fitch 
[Superscribed] To The Hone Thqs Fitch Esq"" Governour 

of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] M*" Ingersoll's Letter to Gov^ 

JOHN POWNALL TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall June ii'h 1762. 
Gentlemen, 

I am directed by the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations, to send you the inclosed printed Copy of 
an Act passed in the last Session of Parliament, Entituled 
An Act for making perpetual an Act for the better regulation 



NATHAN WHITING. 203 

and Government of Seajnen in the Merchants Service; a?id 
for extendifig the provision thereof to His Majesty's Colonies 
in America. 

I am Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient vServant 

JOHN POWNALL 
To The Governor & Company of the Colony of Connec- 
ticut 

[Indorsed] Letter from Secy of the Board of Trade \\^^ 
June 1762. Reel with inclosed Act 3^ August 

NATHAN WHITING TO THOMAS FITCH. 
[Col. Nathan Whiting- wrote on June 20, 1762, to Gov- 
ernor Thomas Fitch, as is shown by Fitch's letter of July 
19 following, forwarding the letter by Doctor Turner; 
probably Philip Turner of Norwich who had served as 
surgeon's mate in the campaign of 1760. It was probably 
in this letter that Whiting requested that he be supplied 
with a surgeon's mate.] 

NATHAN WHITING TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Colonel Nathan Whiting wrote on June 25, 1762, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch, as is shown by Fitch's reply of 
July 19 following. It may have been in this letter that 
Whiting made protest about the troops being forced to labor 
on the Lord's Day.] 

STEPHEN SAYRE'S ACCOUNT OF SUSQUEHANNAH 
COMPANY AFFAIRS.* 

In Conversation with Coin Elipt Dyer one of the Com- 
mittee, he says That the Charter of the Government of 
Connecticut extends its Limits to the pacific Ocean west ; 



* This account was laid before the Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. 
Stephen Sayre, born on Long Island in 1734, graduated at Princeton in 1757, was for 
a time a successful merchant and banker in London and was a sheriff of that city 
in 1774. He ardently favored the cause of American independence. For a time he 
was secretary to Benjamin Franklin. He was forced to leave England and died in 
Virginia in 1818. Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography. 



264 FITCH PAPERS. 

and notwithstanding its being cut in two by the Province of 
New York at that time under the Dutch afterwards granted 
to the Duke of York; likewise the province of Pennsylvania 
granted to its proprietor M^" Penn yet the Limits west of 
those Governments would by no means be contracted by 
virtue of those particular Grants, any more than that a pri- 
vate person should relinquish the one and be contented 
with the other half of his Farm Because his neighbour's 
Field divides it in the middle; the justice of this way of 
reasoning was not confined to themselves only as appeared 
by applications repeatedly made to them concerning some 
tracts of Land About the Menesinks not long since dis- 
puted by New and amicably settled by deputies 
from each province; this gave room to imagine that by a 
purchase made of the Indians on those westerm Limits 
they should secure to themselves no more than what was 
realy meant and intended in their Charter; accordingly a 
number of men belonging to the Province applyed to those 
Indians living on the Susquahanah who Very candidly de- 
clared they had no right to dispose of any land thereabouts 
and that the real Proprietors were the Six Nations. 

Upon a meeting with the Iroquois in the year fifty four, 
they endeavoured to effect a purchase of those Lands with 
Hendrick their Chief but were disappointed by the false in- 
sinuations 0|f Sir William Johnston, nevertheless they did 
effect it the same year and obtained a firm deed for a tract 
on the Susquahanah including the 42^ degree of north Lati- 
tude and from about ten Miles east of the river extending 
west about two Degrees of Longitude for which land they 
gave a large Sum of Money. That the proprietors immedi- 
ately applyed to the Government of Connecticut and have 
obtained liberty for a seperate jurisdiction as the uniting 
that part with this would be attended with insurmountable 
difficulties. That to defray the expences of many meetings 
on this Affair the proprietors have determined to admit two 
Hundred more who come in under the same advantages 
with others by paying about eight pounds "^^ Share and 
some of those are yet undisposed of. 



STEPHEN SAYRE S ACCOUNT. 205 

Mr Grey Clark of the Committee assembled on the 19th 
May 1762 declares that the Business of the meeting was to 
determine if possible to throw in a Settlement upon the 
said Lands, and they have according obtained Votes for 
above One Hundred Families who promise to proceed im- 
mediately and in defiance of M^ Penn and his Emissaries to 
plant themselves down on the Lands, the Committee in 
order to Ballance the difficulties and disadvantages they 
must be under as first adventurers have granted them an 
extent of ten Miles on whatever part they please excepting 
the great Meadows, this they have given them exclusive of 
their Proportion as Proprietors, and the said Committee 
have formed another Committee who are to take care that 
proper and welthy persons only are admitted to make this 
first Settlement as well as to give them proper directions in 
what manner to govern themselves in this critical affair. 
Their last resolve was to endeavour to get this ratified at 
Home as soon as it can demand the attention of the Minis- 
try. And they are of the opinion that the speedy Settle- 
ment of some part will have great weight to determine it in 
their favour, another Circumstance from which they prom- 
ise themselves great Advantage is ; that their Province have 
supported the present as well as late War with a truly brit- 
tish Spirit and Vigour, while on the other hand the inhabit- 
ants of a certain proprietary Government are stained with 
infamy by the ravages of dastardly wretches meerly because 
it was proprietary. 

Mr Edwards another of the said Committee told me 
candidly that M^ Ingerson had in fact presented the resolve 
or memorial made by the Government in their favour, to 
Mr Pitt and many others who gave him great encourag- 
ment and that it should be duly considered in its proper 
Season, and for this end M"" Ingerson has engaged a friend 
to give him timely Advice, upon which Col. Elipt Dyer is to 
embark immediately for England invested with the above 
armour. 

I find it is the opinion of the Committee that the above 
hundred Men cannot proceed untill next Spring as the Sea- 



2o6 FITCH PAPERS. 

son is now too far spent to plant and Sow. I endeavoured 
to obtain Copies of the proceedings of the meeting on the 
19th as well as of other meetings but found it impossible 
neither would they confess that anything material was com- 
mitted to writing, for at one meeting they often destroyed 
what they had made at another but you Sir may depend 
upon the above to be genuine and a truth, for never were 
any set of mortals more effectually deceived than they 
found themselves when I made a demand of the Memorial 
from the Secretary who are unwilling to certifiy it. 
I have the honour to be your Lordships 
very humble servant 

Stephen Sayre 
[Indorsed] M^ Sayre's Account of what he heard in Con- 
necticut respecting the Susquehannah Settlement June 
1762 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote, probably about the first 
of July 1762, to General Jeffrey Amherst, voicing the protest 
lately made to him by Colonel Nathan Whiting against the 
troops being forced to labor on the Lord's Day. See Fitch's 
letter to Whiting of July 19, 1762.] 

NATHAN WHITING TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Colonel Nathan Whiting wrote on July i, 1762, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch, as is shown by Fitch's reply on the 
19th of the same month. The letter probably concerned 
the retention of men in service by General Jeffrey Amherst 
after their term of enlistment had expired.] 

DIRECTIONS BY SIR JEFFREY AMHERST. 

By His Excellency Sir Jeffery Amherst Knight of the 
Most Honorable Order of the Bath, Major General, and 
Commander in Chief of all His Majesty's Forces in North 
America, «&ca, &ca, &ca 



APPOINTMENT BY THOMAS FITCH. 207 

The Bearer hereof Lieut: Evory of Colonel Lyman's 
Connecticutt Regiment having Arrived here too late to go 
with his Regiment, & as he thinks he can be of Service in 
getting some Recruits for the Regular Corps; He is hereby 
Directed to Return to Connecticutt, & Apply to Governor 
Fitch, Delivering him the Letter herewith, that he may be 
pleased to give Lieut: Evory the necessary Orders for Rais- 
ing the Recruits. 

Given under my Hand at Head Quarters, in New York, 
this 4'h Day of July 1762. 

JEFF: AMHERST 

By His Excellency's Command 
Arthur Mair 

APPOINTMENT BY THOMAS FITCH. 

By the Honourable Thomas Fitch EsqJ" Governor of His 
Majestys Colony of Connecticut &c. 

To Lieut. John Avery, Greeting 

I do hereby Appoint you an inlisting officer for raising 
Recruits towards compleating the Regular Regiments 
Serving in America to their full Complement of Effectives 
you are therefore hereby Authorized and impowered by 
beat of Drum or otherwise within this Colony to raise by 
voluntary inlistments able Bodied and Effective Men for 
his Majestys Service towards compleating the aforesaid 
Regular Regiments to their Complement of Effectives and 
you are to Observe the Instructions herewith given you 
from me for Regulating your Conduct in this Service And 
All officers civil and Military within this Colony are Re- 
quired to Afford you all necessary Countenance and Assist- 
ance therein. 

Given under my Hand the 6th Day of July in the Second 
year of his Majestys Reign Annoque Dom: 1762 

THOS FITCH 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[General Jeffrey Amherst wrote, perhaps about July 10, 
1762, to Governor Thomas Fitch, in reply to the governor's 



2o8 FITCH PAPERS. 

protest against the troops being forced to labor on the 
Lord's Day, saying that it was better for them to be at work 
than lying idle and that time would be given them for 
attending divine service. See Fitch's letter of July 19, 1762, 
to Col. Nathan Whiting. J 

PHILIP TURNER TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch received a letter on July 13, 
1762, from Doctor Turner, who had evidently just returned 
from camp where he had apparently been serving as sur- 
geon's mate. In this letter he declined to return into service 
for less allowance than a surgeon's pay. This Doctor 
Turner was undoubtedly Philip Turner of Norwich, who 
served as surgeon's mate of the fourth regiment in the 
campaign of 1760. See letter from Gov. Thomas Fitch to 
Col. Nathan Whiting dated July 19, 1762.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO NATHAN WHITING. 

NoRWALK, 19th July 1762. 
Sir 

I have received your Several Letters of the 20th and 25th 
of June and i^t July. That of the 20'^ by Docf Turner did 
not come to hand till the 13'h Instant accompined with one 
from him by which I am informed that for less allowance 
than Surgeons Pay he will not return and as there is no 
Establishment for two Surgeons I say nothing further to 
him and advise if you can find among your Troops any Per- 
son fit for a Surgeons Mate that you appoint and Employ 
him but if not and being advised by the return of the Post I 
will Endeavour to Send you one if it can be accomplished in 
Season. 

I wrote to General Amherst about the Troops labouring 
on the Lords Day in answer to which he writes. 

"The Absolute necessity there is to have the Works 
there compleated and as the Shortness of the Season re- 
quires the Men should be constantly Employed to Effect it 
he thinks it better for them to be at work than lying Idle 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 209 

in their Tents and Drinking Rum which is too often the way 
the Soldiers employ their Idle time but that he shall write 
to the Commanding officer that particular Care may be 
taken that time may be allotted every Lords Day for their 
attending Divine Worship and for the Chaplains Doing their 
Duty &c." You will therefore Doubtless receive Orders 
accordingly which you will make the best Improvement 
of for Answering the Important and Religious Purposes 
proposed. 

What you wrote concerning the Dismissing the Men 
that Do not Enlist again &c. not coming to me before I 
supposed all them Matters must have been Settled I could 
not See any propriety or advantage in writing to the Gen- 
eral about them therefore have not Done it The General 
knew when their time was up and expected all that did not 
Engage again would come off and I presumed he would give 
orders accordingly but perhaps he might Delay expecting 
some would Enlist into y^ Regular Service which you had 
given him some hope to expect on which he Desired me to 
give you orders to take up money there to pay the Bounty 
that he might then send them Directly to Canada but I in- 
formed him I had no Right to Draw money in that form but 
that the Inlisting Officers when they Drew the money must 
give Security &c but if after all there remains any Difficulty 
about those affairs and it be necessary for me to apply to 
the General be pleased to advise me in particular that I may 
be able to act with propriety and Success therein 
I am S«- 
with much respect your 

most obedt hum^ie Ser' 

THOS FITCH 

Colo Whiting 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[General Jeffrey Amherst wrote on August 4, 1762, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch, requesting that the Connecticut 
Assembly take the earliest opportunity of providing for the 
continuance in pay for service during the coming winter of 



2IO FITCH PAPERS. 

the same number of troops that remained in service the last 
winter. Colonial Records, XII. 75 ; Neiv Hampshire Provin- 
cial Papers, VI. 850; Rhode Island Colonial Records, VI. 
?>3>3^^ 
EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall 14th August 1762. 
Gentlemen, 

It is with the utmost Satisfaction I have the Pleasure 
to inform You, that last Thursday Morning, between Seven 
& Eight o'clock, the Queen was safely delivered of a Prince, 
and that Her Majesty and His Royal Highness are, God be 
praised, in as perfect Health as can be expected or wished. 
I am, Gentlemen, 

your most obedient 

humble Servant 

EGREMONT 
Gov!" and Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Egremont 14 August 
1762 rec^ 20th Ocf 1762 

THOMAS FITCH TO COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE 
AND PLANTATIONS. 

Connecticut 7'^ September 1762 
My Lords 

Herewith are inclosed the Answers of the Governor 
and Company of the Colony of Connecticut to the heads of 
Enquiry sent last year; which Answers I am Desired by the 
General Assembly to transmit to your Lordships. More 
time than was expected has been necessarily taken up in 
collecting the Number of Inhabitants which is the reason 
these Answers were not returned sooner The Numbers 
have been taken in general with very great exactness, and 
I hope the Answers in the whole which are formed with as 
much Care and Certainty as may be will be found to your 
Lordships Satisfaction and Acceptance. 

I have the Honor my Lords to be with 

the highest Esteem & Regard your 
Lordships most Obedient and 
most humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 



ANSWERS TO HEADS OF INQUIRY. 211 

The Right HonWe the Lords Comiss^s for Trade and 
Plantations 
[Indorsed] Connecticut Letter from Thomas Fitch Esq*" 

Gov"" of the Colony of Connecticut, dated Sepf 7. 1762. 

inclosing- Reced Read Dec" 20 1762. 



ANSWERS TO HEADS OF INQUIRY. 

A. D. 1762. 

Answers returned to the Queries sent the Governor and 
Company of His Majesty's Colony of Connecticut from the 
Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations viz: 

jst The Scituation of this Colony is mostly within the 
fourty first and fourty Second Degrees of North Latitude, 
the Soil generally fertile interspersed with some Mountain- 
ous and broken Land and some small parts something of a 
thin and more barren Soil. The Climate generally health- 
ful but subject to the Extreams of heat and Cold in their 
Season and to very sudden Changes The Principal Rivers 
are Connecticut New London and Stratford which last as to 
its Northern Parts is usually called Ousatonuck River The 
Principal Harbours are New London and New Haven The 
Latitude of the first is 410 North Longitude west from Lon- 
don 7 TO by common Computation. 

2^ The Colony is bounded on the south by the Sea or 
Sound Dividing between this Colony and Long Island now 
in the Government of New York on the East by the Colony 
of Rhode Island on the west by the Province of New York 
which Lines have been settled by Agreements between the 
respective Governments and Royal Confirmation and on the 
North by the south Line of the Massachusetts Plantation 
There was some years past a Dispute between the Massa- 
chusetts and Connecticut touching the Line Dividing be- 
tween the two Governments but there hath nothing of late 
been in agitation relative thereto. 

3'i The Trade of the Colony consists chiefly in Beef 
Pork Flower Bread Horses some Cattle Sheep Swine and 



212 FITCH PAPERS. 

Lumber exported to the British Islands in the West Indies 
and in Exchange for them are received Rum Sugar Melasses 
Salt and some Bills of Exchange which are generally re- 
mitted to England and in Beef Pork Wheat Rye Indian 
Corn Flax flax-seed and Oats exported to the Neighbouring 
Governments principally to Boston and New York thence 
receiving (of and thro' the hands of Merchants there) British 
Manufactures in Exchange which are consumed among us 
this is far the greatest Branch of Trade carried on by the 
Inhabitants of the Colony, tho' more lately some Measures 
have been gone into to Encourage a more Immediate Im- 
portation from Great Britain and as many Goods have been 
so imported as the means of Remittances will allow. 

The Number of shipping as Certified by the Officers of 
the Customs is 114 Their Tonnage 3527 and the Number of 
Seamen belonging to the Vessels is 651 These Vessels are 
generally of the smaller Sort as appears by the amount of 
their Tonnage and Number of Seamen. 

The Trades Works or Manufactures in the Colony are 
inconsiderable, the Inhabitants being chiefly imployed in 
Subduing Fencing and improving the Land, Do nothing 
more in the woollen and Linnen Manufactures than to 
supply the Deficiencies of what our produce Enables us to 
purchase from abroad, and what is wrought among us is 
mostly of the Coarser sort for Laboures and Servants ; No 
Works of any kind being carried on hurtful to Great 
Britain. 

4iy The British Manufactures Imported into the Col- 
ony Either at first or vSecond hand are almost all Sorts used 
or Useful in Common Life viz. Woollens, Linnens for 
Apparel and other Uses also Household Furniture as Brass 
Pewter &c with Various other Sorts of Manufactures all 
which Do probably amount to the Value of ^100,000 Ster- 
ling or more. 

5iy This Colony hath little or no Trade with foreign 
Plantations or any Part of Europe, saving some few Vessels 
to Lisbon and the Mediterranian with Fish &c the product 
of which is principally remitted by Bills to England and also 
some few Vessels to the Coast of Guinea. 



ANSWERS TO HEADS OF INQUIRY. 213 

6iy The Methods used to prevent Illegal Trade consist 
in a Careful Conformity to the Acts of Parliament relative 
thereto. 

yiy The Natural Produce of this Colony is Ship Tim- 
ber of all kinds Boards and Ship Planks, Wheat, Rye, Indian 
Corn, Barly, Oats, Flax, Neat Cattle, Hogs and Horses ex- 
ported as before mentioned and our Staple may be said to 
consist in Pork and Beef. The Value of our exported pro- 
duce we suppose amounts to ^150000 Sterling. In preven- 
tions of Frauds and Abuses in the Sale and exportation of 
Our produce Sundry Laws and Acts of Government have 
been made some formerly and some more lately as the en- 
crease and growing Importance, or the apparent or sus- 
pected abuse of such Trade or any Branch thereof seemed 
to make necessary. 

8iy Some ' Copper Mines have been in Diverse parts 
of the Colony Opened but after considerable Expence and 
Labour proving unprofitable became wholly neglected 
There is in sundry places in the Colony plenty of Iron 
Oar which hath been manufactured to some advantage but 
not hitherto near a Supply for our Inhabitants 

giy The Number of Our Inhabitants transmitted to 
your Lordships A Dom: 1756 was 1282 12 Whites and 3587 
Blacks and now on Careful Enquiry are found to amount 
141000 and 4590 Blacks or thereabouts. 

loiy By the foregoing Answer it appears that the In- 
habitants from 1756 to 1762 have increased About 10788 
Whites which Encrease (under the Divine Benediction) we 
attribute to Industrious temperate Life and early Marriage 
and it would probably have been greater had it not been for 
Losses sustained During the War and frequent and Numer- 
ous Emigrations from hence to his Majestys newly con- 
quered or Evacuated Countrys in America. 

Illy The Number of our Militia according to the mus- 
ter Rolls is 20264 it is Established by the Authority of the 
Laws of this Colony and is under the Regulations of the 
same The Militia spend their own Time supply themselves 
with arms &c: and are of no Expence to the Colony. 



214 FITCH PAPERS. 

i2iy We have a small Battery at New London (the 
Principal Sea port and best Harbour in the Colony) consist- 
ing of nine Guns, Supported at the Colony's Expence which 
is but small. 

13!^ The Indians among us are about 930 considerable 
part whereof dwell in English Families and the rest in small 
Tribes in Various parts of the Colony and are generally 
peaceable and orderly and there are no Indians bordering 
on the Colony. 

i4iy The Spanish Settlements in America are of no 
Effect on this Colony and as to Louisania still French the 
same may be said of them and as to Canada and the other 
Quondam French Settlements a Series of glorious Events 
during the present War render it needless to say any thing 
about them. 

iS'y The Revenue arising within this Colony is by a 
Tax on Lands Polls and Personal Estate, the revenue by 
Duties being inconsiderable, our Annual Taxes become in- 
creased or Diminished in proportion to the Expence of 
Government Our ordinary Tax amounting to about ^4000 
Sterling of which about one Eighth part is appropriated to 
the Support of Schools for Education of Children and Youth 
and the residue for the support of Government, but for the 
extraordinary Expence Annually Arisen During the Course 
of the present War We beg leave to refer Your Lordships to 
the Authenticated Accounts thereof annually transmitted. 
The Accounts of these Revenues are generally Audited once 
a year with the Colony Treasurer by a Committee appointed 
by the General Assembly and Sworn to a faithful Discharge 
of their Trust. 

i6iy & lyiy The Constitution of the Government by 
Royal Charter is a Legislative power vested in the General 
Assembly which consists of the Governor or in his Absence 
the Deputy Governor and twelve Assistants (called the 
upper House) and Representatives not Exceeding two from 
Each Town chosen by the Freemen of the respective Towns 
they represent (called the Lower House) No Act is valid 
without the Joint Concurrence of both Houses they make 



ANSWERS TO HEADS OF ENQUIRY. 215 

Laws, Institute Judicatories, appoint Judges, and other 
necessary Officers, who are all sworn to a faithful Discharge 
of their Trust: A General Assembly is holden (agreable to 
Royal Charter) in May and October Annually; and at other 
times when called by the Governor or in his Absence the 
Deputy Governor on any Emergency. 

Within the Colony are erected and Established by Law 
one Superior Court consisting of one Chief Judge and four 
other Judges which Court is held in Each County twice in 
Each Year in which are tried all pleas of the Crown and also 
all Civil Actions that come to them by Appeal, Writ of 
Error, Scire facias &c: And an inferior or County Court in 
Each County consisting of one Judge and two or more Jus- 
tices of the Quorum who hold their Sessions twice in a year 
and oftner when Occasion requires for the Tryal of Delin- 
quents for the Breach of Penal Laws and Civil Actions: in 
all these Courts Matters of Fact are tried by the Jury and 
matters of Law are determined by the Court and in Each 
Town are one or more Justices of the peace. 

The Militia is divided into Thirteen Regiments The 
Field Officers in Each Regiment are one Colonel one Lieu' 
Colonel and one Major and in Each Regiment is a Troop of 
Horse. All Officers both Civil and Military are appointed 
by the Governor Council and Representatives in General 
Court assembled and Commissioned by the Governor. The 
Civil Officers are appointed Annually in May and Military 
officers are appointed from time to time as Vacancies 
happen. By Law Our Regiments are to be mustered once 
in four years. The Militia in Each Town four times in a 
Year and are Instructed in Military Discipline. The Names 
of the Principal Officers Civil and Military are as follows 
viz: 

Civil Officers 

Governor Thomas Fitch 

Deputy Governor William Pitkin 

Assistants 

Ebenezer Silliman John Chester Matthew Griswold 

Jonathan Trumbull Benjamin Hall Subal Conant 



2l6 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Hezekiah Huntington Daniel Edwards Elisha Shelden 
Andrew Barr Jabez Hamlen Eliphalet Dyar 

Secretary George Wyllys. Treasurer Joseph Talcott 

Judges of the Superior Court 
Chief Judge William Pitkin 

f Ebenezer Silliman 
other Judges J Daniel Edwards 
j Benjamin Hall 
[ Robert Walker 

Judges and Justices of the Inferiour or County Courts viz: 



y^Q: 



Jus: of 
y^ Q: 



Hartford County 
Judge Jabez Hamlen 
, . f Joseph Pitkin 

of e^^ J William Wolcott 
„ ° ^^ I Seth Witmore 
^^°™"^ [ Zebulon West 

New London County 
Judge Hezekiah Huntington 
John Griswold 
Richard Lord 
Christopher Avery 
Isaac Huntington 
Pygan Adams 

Windham County 
Judge Jonathan Trumble 
f Shubal Conant 
Jus: of J John Dyar 
y® Q: I Joshua West Y^ Q 

I Jabez Fitch 

Hartford County 
Sheriff William Pitkin Jun"" 

New London County 
Sheriff Christopher Christophers 

Windham County . 
Sheriff Eleazer Fitch 



New Haven County 
Judge Roger Newton 
f John Hubbard 
Jus: of J Elihu Chauncy 



1 Timothy Stone 
I Thomas Darling 



Fairfield County 

Judge Andrew Barr 

f Jonathan Hait 

-. . I David Rowland 

Jus: of 



y^Q- 



^ Samuel Fitch 



John Reed 



I 



Litchfield County- 
Judge John Williams 
r Ebenezer Marsh 
Jus: of j Increase Mosely 



Daniel Sherman 
Bushnal Bostwick 



New Haven County 
Sheriff Jonathan Fitch 

Fairfield County 
Sheriff Thomas Hill 

Litchfield County 
Sheriff Oliver Wolcott 



ANSWERS TO HEADS OF INQUIRY. 



217 



Military Officers vi 
First Reg-iment 
Colo Joseph Pitkin 
L* Colo George Wyllys 
Majr William Pitkin Jun' 

2<i Reg' 
Colo Roger Newton 
U Colo John Hubbard 
Major Edward Allen 

3ci Regt 
Colo Gurdon Suttonstall 



7 th Regt 
Colo Timothy Stone 
Lt Colo Aaron Eliot 
Major Jedediah Chapman 

8th Regt 
Colo Christopher Avery 
Lt Colo Samuel Coit 
Majr Nathan Cheesebrough 

9th Regt 
Colo Jonathan Hoit 



Lt Colo Hezekiah Huntington Lt Colo James Lockwood 



Majr Daniel Ely 

4th Regt 

Colo John Read 

Lt Colo Robert Walker 

Majr James Smedly 
5 th Regt 

Colo Subal Conant 

Lt Colo Eliphalet Dyer 

Major Jedediah Elderkin 

6th Regt 
Colo John Chester 
Lt Colo Jabez Hamlen 
Majr Elizur Talcott 



Majr Jonathan Maltbie 

loth Regt 
Colo Benjamin Hall 
Lt Colo Elihu Chauncy 
Maj Elihu Hall 

iith Regt 
Colo John Dyer 
Lt Colo Ebenezer Williams 
Majr Ezekiel Pierce 

12th Regt 
Colo Jonathan Trumble 
Lt Colo Joseph Fowler 
Majr Joseph Spencer 



13th Regt 
Colo Ebenezer Marsh 
Lt Colo David Whitne 
Major Benjamin Hinman 
The Governors Salary is Three hundred pounds in 
Lawful money ^. annum ; The Deputy Governors Salary 
is one hundred pounds in Lawful money ^^ annum other 
Civil Officers are rewarded for their Services according to 
the time they attend the same. 

[Indorsed] Connecticut Answers to the B^'s Geni Heads 
of Enquiry respecting the State of the Colony of Con- 
necticut. 




2l8 FITCH PAPERS. 

ROYAL INSTRUCTION TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
GEORGE R 

Instruction to Our Trusty and Wellbe- 
loved the Governor and Company of Our 
Colony of Connecticut in New England in 
America. Given at Our Court a S' James's the 
First day of October 1762, in the Second year 
of Our Reign. 
Whereas We have been pleased by Our Order in Coun- 
cil dated the 17th day of September last to declare Our 
Pleasure, that in the Morning and Evening Prayers in the 
Litany and in all other parts of the Publick Service, as well 
in the Book of common Prayer where the Royal Family is 
appointed to be particularly pray'd for, the following Form 
of words should be used viz* "Our Gracious Queen Char- 
lotte, their Royal Highnesses George Prince of Wales, the 
Princess Dowager of Wales and all the Royal Family." Our 
Will and Pleasure therefore is that in all the Prayers, 
Litanies and Collects where the Royal Family is pray'd for, 
and which are used within Our Colony of Connecticut under 
your Government, the same Form and Order of words be 
used as follows viz'. " Our Gracious Queen Charlotte, their 
Royal Highnesses George Prince of Wales, the Princess 
Dowager of Wales and all the Royal Family." And for the 
better notice hereof in Our said Colony, it is Our further 
Will and Pleasure, that you cause the same to be forthwith 
published in the several Parish Churches and other places 
of divine worship within Our said Colony, and that you take 
care that due Obedience be paid thereto accordingly. 

G R. 
[Indorsed] Kings Instructions to Gov & Com of Connecticut 
Respecting Prayers for the Royal Family i^t ocf^ 1762. 
Rec<i 7th Decembr 1762. 



THOMAS FITCH S BILL. 219 



THOMAS FITCH'S BILL. 

The Colony of Connecticut To Thomas 
Fitch. Dr 

To Drawing Bills of Exchange from the 
17th of October 1761 To the 30th of September 
1762 inclusive for the Sum of ;^ 37316 14 4 
Sterling by 233 setts of Bills making in the 
whole 699 Bills at ^ pf Cent which amounts 
to ;^ 186 II 9 Sterling and turned into_ 



Lawful money makes ^ 248 15 8 £, 248 15 8 

New Haven Octobr 1762 Errors 

Excepted p^ Tho^ Fitch 
Gentlemen of the Assembly by the Best information I 
can obtain half p^ Cent is the least Sum ever given (for 
Drawing Bills of Exchange) to those imployed for that Pur- 
pose which I hope you will Judge a proper allowance for 
me considering the trouble Care and Risque in that Busi- 
ness. I once gave in an account of this kind on which you 
Granted me half pr Cent. But this Time two year you was 
pleased to Reduce it to a Quarter p^ Cent and as then it was 
Reduced to which I Submitted without Complaint it will 
perhaps be tho't more Reasonable the Ace* as now Stated 
Should be Allowed. I give in my Ace* now as I suppose it 
will be tho't Reasonable I should be paid after a years 
Service in the Business with[ ] waiting till the whole be 
gone thro' which perhaps may be years to come I Submit 
the whole to your Candid Consideration and am 

Gent, with the highest Esteem and Respects 
your most obedient Humble Servant 
THQS FITCH 
In the Lower House 

Granted unto the Honourable Thomas Fitch Esq*" one 
Hundred and twenty four Pounds Seven Shillings & ten 
pence for the within account 

Test Abr^' Davenport Clerk 
Concurrd in the upper House 

Test George Wyllys Secrt 



220 FITCH PAPERS. 

Ordered that the Treasurer of this Colony pay out of 
the public Treasury, unto the Honbie Thomas Fitch Esqr 
Governor the Sum of one hundred, twenty four Pounds, 
seven Shillings and ten Pence in Bills of this Colony, for 
his Care and Service in drawing Bills of Exchange, from 
the 17th Day of October 1761 to the 30'^ of Sep* 1762, for 
Monies granted by Parliament, belonging to this Govern- 
ment, and lodged in the Hands of the Agent in England, 
pass'i in the upper House 

Test George Wyllys Secret 
Concurred in the Lower House 

Test AcR^' Davenport Clerk 
[Indorsed] Grant to the Gov for selling Bills of Exchange 
Ocf 1762 p u H 4 N. p m p. 1. h En<5 



V. GARDNER TO MUSTERING OFFICER. 

Crown-Point Nov"" 15*1^ 1762. 
Sir 

Agreeable to Col: Whitings orders of yesterday (the 
enclosd are a copy) I have mustered the Men and Officers 
of his Regiment, who march by No 4 under the Command 
of Liexi' Colonel Smedley, they amount to five hundred and 
sixty Men, Officers included, and are victuled up to the 2 2<i 
Ins' inclusive. 

I am Sir, 

your most obedient 
humble Serv' 

V: GARDNER 

acting as M : B : 
P: S: The number of provincials who have been 
mustered by me to march by N^ 4 is twelve hundred and 
ninety three the rest having gone off without leave 

I am Sir &c 
V. G. 
[Superscribed] On His Majestys Service To the Officer 
appointed to Muster the Provincials at No 4 



NATHAN WHITINGS ORDERS. 221 

NATHAN WHITING'S ORDERS. 
Colonel Whitings Orders Crown-Point Nov 14th 1762 
Parole S^ Jeffry Amherst 

The Connecticut Reg' to march to morrow by way of 
No 4 under the Command of L' Colonel Smedly who will 
have Orders in writing, The Reg* to turn out at Gun firing, 
at 7 OClock the Genral will Beat, when all the Tents must 
be Struck and Deliv^ into the Barrack-Master, The Artiffi- 
cers are to Strick their tents at the same time, & march up 
& Joyn the Regiment, And Deliver their tents to the Qua^ 
Master, Not a Hut to be burned or Destroyed 

When the troop Beats at 8 OClock the Reg' must march 
from the Left to the Royal Point, And Draw up According 
to their Rolls, which Brigade Majr Gardner will call Over 
their Names & Embark them by Companys On Board their 
Boats, Major Baldwin will go Over with the first Division 
to take care of their Landing the Other Side. The Boats 
to be rowed Over & returned by their Own men till the 
Last Division, when an Officer & 30 Men of the two winter 
Companys must go Over with them, And the Officers take 
care Every Boat is returned. 

Majr Gardner will Order Eight Days Provision to be 
Issued to them which the Qua^ Master will keep a Party to 
receive And Carry Over & Divide to them the Other Side 
the Lake 

V: Gardner 

acting as M : B : 

ROLL OF CAPTAIN JOSEPH HAIT'S* COMPANY. 
A Billiting Roll of Capt Halt's Company in Colo Whit- 
ings Regimt Muster'd By Cap* Gray att No 4 and Paid the 
Following Sums in Lew of Provision From the Inhabited 
Country to their Respective homes — Novemb"" 1762. 
Stephen Murwin L* James Shelden 

Justus Olmsted Moses Byxbee 

Charles Stuard John Dossy 



*The name is Joseph Hoit in the Colonial Records. 



222 FITCH PAPERS. 

Amos Curtis Samuel Mitchel 

Josiah Halt James Mead 

Samuel Clason Ebenezer Murwin 

Ephraim Lockwood Ephn McCormack 

James Brown Stephen Pratt 

Daniel Chittister William Penoyar 

Daniel Dykmon John Stone 

Reuben Dan Joseph Scofield 

Joseph Finch Nathai Sanson 

Mathew Fitch John Tuttle 

Nehemiah Hait " John Thomas 

Zackeus Hait James Weed 

Nathaniel Hays Silas Weed 

John Hays Elijah Weed 

Minasay Ives Street Yale 

Daniel Johnson Miles Yale 

Daniel Keeler 

I do Acknowledge to have Rec^i from The Contractors 
for Victualling his Majestys Troops, by an Order from Cap* 
Jams Gray of the Royal Highland Reg', Seventy Eight 
Raitions of Provitions of All Species being Two days 
Allowance for Thirty Nine Men of Col" Whitings Reg' of 
Cont Troops to Subsist Them to the Inhabited Country 

And I Further Acknowledge to have Rec^ from the s<i 
Cap' Gray Three Pounds Eighteen Shillings Sterling being 
Two Shillings ^ Man Allowed to Carry them to their 
Respective Homes 

Stephen Merwin Liu' 
No 4. Nov 2ist 1762 
[Indorsed] Cap' Haites Company Billiting Roll L' Murwin's 
Detach'. Connecticutt ^3 18 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT, 

Whitehall 27'h November 1762 
Gentlemen, 

It is with great Pleasure, I now acquaint you, that on the 
8'h Instant, a Messenger arrived from the Duke of Bedford, 
with the Preliminary Articles of Peace, which had been 



EARL OF EGREMONT. 223 

signed on the ^^ of this Month, at Fontainbleau, by His 
Grace, and the Plenipotentiaries of France and Spain, And 
another Messenger having yesterday brought the Ratifica- 
tions of the said Preliminaries, which had been exchanged 
at Versailles on Monday last. His Majesty was pleased im- 
mediately to order a Proclamation to be published, declaring 
a Cessation of Arms, as well by Sea as Land, which I en- 
close herewith, and am commanded to signify His Majesty's 
Pleasure to You that you cause the same to be Published in 
all the proper Places under your Government to the end 
that all His Majestys Subjects there, may pay due Obedience 
thereto, and strictly observe the Same. 

I congratulate you most Sincerely on this fortunate 
Issue of The King's unwearied Endeavours to put an End to 
the Calamities of so long and destructive a War, by re- 
storing, as far as has depended on His majesty, the General 
Peace and Tranquility. 

I am with great Truth & Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

EGREMONT 

Governor and Company of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from Earl of Egremont 27th Novembf 

1762. Rec<3 26th Jan'y 1763. 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

Whitehall Janry 27th 1763 
Str Jeff: Amherst 

Sir 
*********** 

The inclosed Copy of a Letter I have wrote to Gov 
Fitch will inform you of the Accounts His Majesty has re- 
ceived, and of the subsequent Orders given relative to a 
Matter, which is represented here to be very serious & 
alarming: With regard to the Letter itself (which I also in- 
close herewith) the King relying on Your Prudence & 
Judgement, is pleased to leave it to you to forward the same 
to Gov Fitch, or not, according as, from the actual State of 



224 FITCH PAPERS. 

this Matter, you shall think most expedient; but, in case 
you shall determine to transmit the Letter abovementioned 
to Connecticut, you will enforce the" Orders therein con- 
tain'd by every Argument you can suggest to induce the 
People of that Colony to desist from any Undertaking of so 
much Danger, and you will employ every legal Means in 
your Power, for this purpose: The King trusts, that you 
will, at least, be able to prevail with the People concerned 
in this pretended Purchase, to suspend, for the present, the 
making the Settlement in Question, 'till you shall have re- 
ported to me, for the King's Information, a true State of 
this Matter; And you will accordingly make the necessary 
Inquiries into it, that His Majesty may be able to judge, 
what farther Orders it may be expedient to give to pre- 
vent effectually au)^ Hazard of an Indian War, His Maty 
having it much at heart to conciliate the Affection of the 
Indian Nations, by every Act of strict Justice, and by 
affording them His Royal Protection from any Incroach- 
ment on the Lands they have reserved to themselves, for 
their hunting Grounds, & for their own Support & Habita- 
tion: and I may inform You that a Plan, for this desirable 
End, is actually under Consideration. 

I am &ca 

EGREMONT 
[Indorsed] Dra* to Sir Jeff. Amherst. Janry 27th 1763. 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Whitehall Jan^y 27'h 1763. 
Sir, 

After the Letter you wrote to Sir Jeffery Amherst on 
the 30th May 1761, on the subject of some People from Con- 
necticut, who were, under pretended Purchases, making 
Settlements in the Neighbourhood of the Rivers Susque- 
hannah and Delawar, which Settlements appeared to be 
contrary to the Inclination of the Indians, The King hoped 
that an effectual Stop would have been put to an Attempt, 
which threatens so much danger of an Indian War, as, by 
that Letter, you seem sensible that a controvesy with the 
Indians would be very unhappy, and add, that you shall 



EARL OF EGREMONT. 225 

endeavour all you can to dissuade the People that live in 
Connecticut from laying any foundation for such bad Con- 
sequences. 

His Majesty, however, having latelye received Infor- 
mation, that the People, concerned in this Undertaking, 
persist in this Project of making the said Settlement, tho' 
the Indians appear as much averse to it as ever; The King 
has commanded me to express to you His Surprize at this 
Behaviour,' as well as His Displeasure to find, that Any of 
His Subjects in America, so little sensible of the Blessings 
of Peace, and of the Dangers from which They are but just 
secured, should persist in an Undertaking of this Nature, 
which may, in all probability, involve Them, and their 
Fellow Subjects, in all the Horrors and Calamities of an 
Indian war, just at the Time, that His Majesty has actually 
under consideration such Precautions as may most effectu- 
ally prevent so great an Evil; It is therefore the King's 
Pleasure, that you do exert every legal Authority over the 
People in your Government, and employ youre utmost 
Influence to prevent the Prosecution of any such Settle- 
ment, till the State of the Case can be laid before the King, 
and the necessary Precautions taken to obviate any fresh 
Troubles in America, and you will use every means in 3'our 
Power to withdraw from this Settlement any Persons actu- 
ally there. 

As the Orders, now sent you, are founded on That 
Humanity, and tender Concern for His Subjects, which 
have been so conspicuous in all His Majestys proceedings, 
I am persuaded. It will be unnecessary to add anything to 
excite Your Diligence in the punctual Execution of any 
Commands That can promote what the King has so entirely 
at heart as the lasting Welfare and Security of all His 
People. 

I am, with great Truth and Regard, 

Sir, Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

EGREMONT 

Gov Fitch, 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Egremont 27th Janry 

1763. Reed 12th April 



226 FITCH PAPERS. 

SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 
[Sir William Johnson wrote, probably about the first of 
February 1763, to Governor Thomas Fitch relative to the 
designs of the Connecticut people in making a settlement at 
Wyoming, and evidently urging a discontinuance of such 
designs because of the trouble it might cause with the Six 
Nations of Indians. See letter of Sir William Johnson to 
Gov. James Hamilton, April 30, 1763, in Pennsylvania 
Archives^ IV. 103. J 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Whitehall i8th Feb^y 1763. 
Gentlemen^ 

It is with the highest Satisfaction I am now able to ac- 
quaint You, that Mr Neville, Secretary to His Majesty's 
Embassy at the Court of France, arrived here on Tuesday 
last in the Afternoon, with the Definitive Treaty of Peace 
between His Majesty, and the most Christian »& Catholick 
Kings, signed at Paris on the lo^h Instant, to which the 
Portuguese Ambassador acceded the same Day; I most sin- 
cerely congratulate You on the Completion of this great and 
salutary Work, and You will make the proper Communica- 
tion of this happy Event within your Government. 
I am. Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 

EGREMONT 
P S March i6'h The Mail for N^ America not being yet 
dispatch-ed give me an Opportunity to add, that the Ratifi- 
cations of the Definitive Treaty were exchanged on the 10"^ 
Instant between all the Four Powers. 
Gov & Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Egremont iSth FeVy 
1763 Rec<i 12th May 1763. 




REPORT OF COMMITTEE OF COUNCIL. 227 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE OF COUNCIL. 

At the Council Chamber Whitehall the ^^ of 
March 1763. 
By the Right Honourable the Lords of the 

Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs. 
His Majesty having been pleased by His 

Order in Council of the 21st of January last, to 
referr unto this Committee a Representation of the Lords 
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, upon a Report 
made by Sir William Johnson, His Majesty's Superintendent 
of the Affairs of the Indian Nations, in the Northern Dis- 
trict of America, upon examining into the Complaints of 
the Delawar Indians, against the Proprietors of Pensilvania 
concerning certain Lands of which those Indians deemed 
themselves to have been defrauded, and also upon another 
Point set forth in Sir William Johnsons Report, touching 
the Complaints made by the Delawars, against several of 
the People of Connecticut who were coming to settle at 
Wycoming on the River Susquehanna, which had greatly 
alarmed the Jelousy of the Indians. The Lords of the 
Committee this day took the aforesaid Representation, 
Report and other Papers thereto annexed, into Considera- 
tion, and it appearing that the Disputes between the Pro- 
prietors of Pensilvania and the Delawar Indians concerning 
the Lands of which those Indians deemed themselves de- 
frauded, is happily brought to a Conclusion, it therefore 
becomes unnecessary for their Lordships to give any Direc- 
tions whatever thereupon. That with respect to the other 
Point relating to the People of Connecticut having alarmed 
the Jelousy of the Indians by attempting to make Settle- 
ments at Wycoming, which is claimed by the Indians, as 
part of their Hunting Lands, The Committee has been in- 
formed by the Earl of Egremont, One of His Majestys Prin- 
cipal Secretarys of State, that he had signified His Majestys 
Commands to the Governor of the Colony of Connecticut as 
likewise to Sir Jeffery Amherst, Commander in Chief of His 
Majestys Forces in America, requiring them to exert every 
legal Authority, and employ their utmost Influence to pre- 



228 FITCH PAPERS. 

vent the Prosecution of any such Settlement, And his Lord- 
ship having- laid Copies of the said Letters before the Com- 
mittee, Their Lordships are hereby pleased to referr the 
same to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, 
to consider, and Report to this Committee whether they 
conceive any, or what further Measures necessary to be 
taken, for putting- a Stop to the said Settlement. 

W. SHARPE 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Whitehall 26*^ March 1763 
Gentlemen^ 

His Majesty having been pleased to order the Peace to 
be proclaimed, in the usual Manner, on Tuesday last, I have 
the King's Commands to transmit to You herewith inclosed 
the Proclamation* issued on that Occasion, and am to sig- 
nify to You His Pleasure that You cause the same to be 
published in all the proper Places within Your Government, 
To the End, that all His Majesty's trading Subjects do take 
notice of his Royal Will & Pleasure therein, and conform 
themselves thereto accordingly. 

I am, with great Truth & Regard, 

Gentlemen, your most obedient 
humble Servant 

EGREMONT 
Govr & Compa of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Egremont 26th March 
1763. Rec<i 19th July 1763. Ordering Peace to be pro- 
claimed the Proclamation inclosed 



♦George R. 

Whereas a definitive treaty of peace and friendship between us, the most 
Christian king and the K. of Spain, to which the K. of Portugal hath acceded, hath 
been concluded at Paris, on the loth day of February last, and the ratifications 
thereof have been exchanged upon the loth day of this inst. March: In conformity 
thereunto, we have thought fit hereby to command, that the same be published 
throughout all our dominions: And we do declare to all our loving subjects our 
will and pleasure, that the said treaty of peace and friendship be observed in- 
violably, as well by sea as land, and in all places whatsoever; strictly charging and 
commanding all our loving subjects to take notice hereof, and to conform them- 
selvesthereunto accordingly. Gentleinan's Magazine, YJ^yAW. 198. The proclama- 
tion was read March 22. 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 229 

JOSEPH SLUMAN TO JONATHAN TRUMBLE. 

Martinique April i^t 1763 
Dear Gentlevien 

Last Night Arrived a Packet from England which gives 
an Account of The Peace being Signed The 12th of Febru- 
ary ; as for any further News have heard None. I expect 
to Sail in Twelve Days from This Time, Meet with more 
Trouble in Loading Than I expected but Hope to be Loaded 
in about 8 Days; shall bring nigh 100 Hhds of Molasses «& 
13 or 14 Thousand of Sugar, & Two Hhds of Rum, by the 
Quantity of Molas that is going from this Island & what we 
hear is going from The Granades & Guadaloupe am afraid 
will make the Market very low; I acquainted you in my 
last of my sending The Tallow to Antequa by Capt Brainard 
& I do Determine to Touch there & get the Effects There- 
of; I acquainted you in my last by Cap' Brainard what I 
Thought was best for another Cargo, you will Judge by the 
Accounts at Home better than I can here I beleive any 
Thing That will be valuable is best and a Summers Voyage 
there is no Produce to be had which must of Consequence 
be Cash or Bills. My Duty Love to all & Remain y Sincere 
Cousin & Servt 

JOPH SLUMAN 

P. S. shall make no Insurance, Leave that to yr Con- 
sideration. Think there is no Danger 
[Indorsed by Jonathan Trumble] Martinico April 1763 M^" 

Joseph Sluman 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York, 10^^ April 1763. 
Sir, 

By the Harriot Packet Boat, which Arrived here yester- 
day, I Had the Honour of a Letter from the Earl of Egre- 
mont, Enclosing One for You, which I herewith transmit to 
you, regarding the Settlement which some of the People of 
your Government, were Endeavouring to make on the Sus- 
quehannah : I have already Several times Acquainted you 



230 FITCH PAPERS. 

of my Sentiments Respecting this Matter, & how highly- 
Necessary it was to put a Stop thereto,, untill His Majesty's 
Pleasure was known ; and by the Letter I now Enclose to 
you, from the Secretary of State, you will See that the King 
Disapproves of the Steps taken by the Connecticutt People, 
and Expressly Orders them to Desist untill His majesty is 
fully Informed of the true State of the Case. 

I Cannot think it Necessary to Add anything more on 
this Subject, after my Lord Egremont's Letter, which so 
fully Points out the Horrors and Calamities, which this 
Rash Step might, in all probability, Involve not only the 
Adventurers, but their Fellow Subjects; and therefore 
Shews His Majesty's Humanity and tender Concern for his 
Subjects, in a very Conspicuous Light, by Interposing his 
Royal Authority in time to prevent those Calamities; But I 
Can't help Mentioning to you, that by a Letter I had Last 
Night from Sir W™ Johnson, he Acquaints me that Col. 
Dyer and One M^ Woodbridge had been at his house very 
lately, with Some Proposals to the Indians, & Insisting on 
their Title to the Lands on the Susquehannah in Right of 
the Connecticutt Claim; And Notwithstanding all the 
Arguments he made Use of to Diswade them from the 
Attempt, they Assured him that the Susquehannah Com- 
pany, as they Called them, were Determined to Settle 
Immediately on the Land, to the Amount of a Thousand 
Families and Upwards whom they Judged Sufficient to 
Defend their Claims against any Opposition. 

I Cannot however Allow myself to think but that the 
King's Orders, which I now Send you, will meet with a Due 
Obedience; and that His Subjects in Connecticutt, Sensible 
of the Blessings they Enjoy under the Benign Influence of 
His Majesty's Reign, will Pay the Strictest Regard to Such 
Commands as He is Graciously pleased to Issue, and thereby 
Approve themselves Worthy of His Protection. 
I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca. 

JEFF: AMHERST. 

Honbie Gov Fitch. 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 231 

[Indorsed.] Copy. Letter from Sir Jeffery Amherst to 
Governor Fitch; Enclosing the Earl of Egremont's 
Letter in regard to the Claims which the Connecticutt 
People pretended to have for the Lands on the Siisque- 
hannah; & Acquainting the Gov of what Sir W™ 
Johnson had mentioned concerning the fresh Attempt 
threatned by those Adventurers, which the General 
Trusts the Gov will put an Effectual Stop to. Dated 
New York, 10*^ April 1763 in Sr J : Amherst's of April 
12, 1763 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO EARL OF EGREMONT. 

New York 12'^ Aprill 1763. 
M}' Lord 
* * * * % * ***** 

On reading the Copy of your Lordships Letter to Gov- 
ernor Fitch which you was pleased to transmit to me to 
forward or not, according as I might think most expedient, 
from the actual State of that matter, I have judged it right 
to send it immediately to Governor Fitch, more especially, 
as I just at that time received a Letter from Sir William 
Johnson regarding the Affair, on which I wrote to Governor 
Fitch, Copies of which Letters I have the honour to enclose 
to your Lordship, and I shall not neglect to use my Endeav- 
ours in putting a total Stop to the People of that Colony 
making any Settlements on their pretended Purchases. 



NATHAN WHITING TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New Haven April 14 1763 
Sir 

I did myself the Honor to write you from Crown point 
the Latter part of the Last Campain, Setting forth that my 
having the Command of the Provincial Forces Necessarily 
enhanced my expence to a very Considerable degree, & 
desired the favour of your Honor to Lay that matter before 
the General Assembly than Setting at New Haven, to See 
if they would be pleased to make me An Additional allow- 



232 FITCH PAPERS. 

ance your Honor Informed me the Assembly Thought 
proper to defer it till I came Home to be Informed more 
particularly by what means my Expence Arose, I therefore 
beg Leave to Acquaint your Honor that my Expence Arose 
from my being Obliged to keep a Table for and Entertain 
in the Same manner the officers of the Several Regiments 
there as those of my own, besides what Arose from the 
frequent passing of officers & others on business, this Ex- 
pence was Necessary to be kept up as well to Support the 
Honor of the Colony as to promote the good of the Service 
by removing all Cause of Jealousy. If your Honor thinks 
proper to Lay the matter before the Hon^i Assembly to be 
held at Hartford May next for their Consideration, And 
they Should make Such An Allowance as they in their 
Wisdom Should think reasonable I Shall Return due Ack- 
nowledement. I am with Great Regard 
your Honors 

most Obliged & most 

Obedient humble serv' 

NATHAN WHITING* 
the Honbi Tho^ Fitch Esqf 

THOMAS FITCH TO SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch, perhaps about the middle of 
April 1763, wrote to Sir William Johnson in reply to his 
letter relative to a settlement by Connecticut people at 
Wyoming " that he would take the first opportunity to lay 
the matter before the Assembly, which would set in May, 
& recommend these affairs to their serious consideration, 
doubting not but they would be disposed to take every 
proper measure that might come within their power to pre- 
serve a good Harmony & understanding with ye 6 Nations." 
See letter from Sir William Johnson to Governor James 
Hamilton, April 30, 1763, in Pennsylvania Archives^ IV. 
103] 



*The subject matter of this letter was laid before the Assembly, and was 
favorably reported by the committee to whom it was referred. The Assembly, 
however negatived the committeee report. State Archives, War, X. 119. 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS. 233 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COMMITTEE OF COUNCIL FOR PLAN- 
TATION AFFAIRS. 

To the Right Honbie the Lords of the Committee of His 

Majesty's most Honbie Privy Council for Plantation 

Affairs. 
My Lords, 

Pursuant to your Lordships Order dated the 3*^ instant, 
referring to Us Copies of two Letters from the Earl of 
Egremont, One of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of 
State to Sf Jeffery Amherst and to the Governor of Con- 
necticut, relating to the Settlement which some People of 
Connecticut are attempting to make at Wyoming, and di- 
recting Us to consider and report to Your Lordships whether 
We conceive any or what further Measures necessary to be 
taken, for putting a Stop to the said Settlement, We have 
taken the same into Consideration, and beg leave to report 
to Your Lordships thereupon. 

That We find in the Books of Our Office that in Janu- 
ary 1759, the Governors of South Carolina and Georgia 
being directed by His Majesty's Secretary of State to give 
immediate Orders in His Majesty's Name, for the Removal 
of certain Persons who, without any Licence or Authority 
had settled themselves to the Southward of the Alabamaha, 
they appointed each a Commissioner, under the Provincial 
Seal, with instructions to repair to the said Settlement, 
assemble the Inhabitants and proclaim to them His Majestys 
said Orders. Which being accordingly done, the Settlers 
removed themselves.* 

We would therefore propose to Your Lordships that 
Instructions be sent to the Governors of Pennsylvania and 
Connecticut, directing them to proceed in like manner with 
respect to the Settlers at Wyoming; And that a Copy of the 



*But, Gov. Wright afterwards wrote to the Board; That 
those Settlers had only made a pretence of removing. 



234 FITCH PAPERS. 

Orders which shall be given to them for that purpose, be 
transmitted to S^ W™ Johnson, his Majestys Agent for 
Indian Affairs, that he may communicate them to the Chiefs 
of the confederated Nations as an instance of His Majesty's 
Regard to their Interest and Attention to their Complaints. 
We are. My Lords, 

your Lordships 

most Obedient & 

most humble Serves 

SHELBURNE 
SOAME JENYNS 
ED BACON 
GEO. RICE 
ORWELL 
Whitehall April 27'h 1763 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall April 29'^ 1763. 
Gentlemen, 

His Majesty having appointed Us His Commissioners 
for promoting the Trade of this Kingdom, and for inspect- 
ing and improving His Majesty's foreign Colonies and Plan- 
tations ; We take this the earliest Opportunity of acquainting 
you therewith, and transmitting to you the inclosed Copy of 
the Order of His late Majesty in Council, by which the Cor- 
respondence between this Board and the Governors of His 
Majesty's Colonies is regulated and ascertained, together 
with Copies of the Letters from the Secretary of State to 
this Board and to the said Governors, explaining this Order 
and the Additional Instruction given to the Governors in 
consequence thereof. 

This Order and explanatory Letter will mark out to 
You, the Manner in which you are to carry on your Corre- 



ROYAL INSTRUCTION TO CONNECTICUT. 235 

spondence with this Board, and you will govern yourself 
accordingly. 

We are, Gentlemen, 

Your most Obedient 

humble Servants 

SHELBURNE 
SOAME JENYNS 
ED BACON 
JOHN YORKE 
GEO: RICE 
ORWELL 

BAMBER GASCOYNE 
Governor & Company of the Colony of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Board of Trade 29th April 1763. 
Rec<i 19'h July 1763. 



ROYAL INSTRUCTION TO CONNECTICUT. 

Copy of an Instruction from His late Majesty to all His 
Governors in America 

Whereas the Governors of such of Our Colonies and 
Plantations in America, as are more immediately under Our 
Government are, in particular Cases as well as in general, 
directed and required by Our Instructions to transmit unto 
Us by One of Our Principal Secretary's of State and to Our 
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations accounts from 
time to time of all their Proceedings and of the Condi- 
tions of Affairs within their respective Governments. And 
Whereas it doth appear to Us that it will tend to the Benefit 
of Our said Colonies and Plantations, the Ease and Con- 
venience of Our Subjects and the greater Regularity and 
Dispatch of Business if the Correspondence be confined to 
and pass through but one Channel. It is therefore Our 
Express Will and Pleasure that in all cases, wherein by Our 
Instructions you are directed to transmit any particular or 
general Accounts of your Proceedings or of Matters relative 
to the Affairs of Our Province under your Government, you 
do for the future transmit the same to Our Commissioners 



236 FITCH PAPERS. 

for Trade and Plantations only in order that they may be 
laid before Us. 

Provided nevertheless and It is Our express Will and 
Pleasure that whenever any Occurrences shall happen within 
Our said Province under your Government, of such a Nature 
and Importance as may require Our more immediate Direc- 
tion by one of Our Principal Secretaries of State, and also 
upon all occasions and in all Affairs whereon you may receive 
Our Orders by one of Our Principal Secretaries of State, 
you shall in all such Cases, transmit to Our said Secretary of 
State only, an Account of all such Occurences and of your 
Proceedings relative to such Orders. 
[Indorsed] Copy of an Instruction from His late Majesty 

to all His Governors in America Rec^ 19'h July 1763 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall April 29th 1763. 
Gentlemen, 

The King having judged it proper that a Publick 
Thanksgiving to Almighty God, should be observed 
throughout all His Majesty's Colonies in America, on the 
happy Conclusion of the Peace; We have received His 
Majesty's Commands to signify to you His Royal Pleasure 
that you do, upon Receipt of this Letter, appoint a proper 
and early day of Thanksgiving to be observed by all His 
Majesty's good Subjects under your Government, in such 
manner and with such Forms of Prayer as have been usual 
on like Occasions. 

We are Gentlemen 

Your most obedient 

humble Servants 
GEO: RICE SHELBURNE 

ORWELL SOAME JENYNS 

BAMBER GASCOYNE E^ BACON 

JOHN YORKE 
Governor & Company of the Colony of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from Board of Trade 29'h April 1763. 
Reed 19th July for appointing a Thanksgiving 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 237 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York, 4th May 1763. 
Sir, 

On the loth April I transmitted you a Letter from the 
Earl of Egremont, Containing His Majesty's Directions in 
regard to the Attempts of the People of Connecticutt to 
Settle on the Susquehannah ; and having, by the Packett 
Boat which Arrived here this Morning, received a Duplicate 
of the Said Letter, I herewith Enclose you the Same, with 
a Duplicate of Mine to you on the Same Subject. 
I am, with great Regard, 

Sir, &ca. 
JEFF: AMHERST 
Honbie Governor Fitch. 
[Indorsed.] Copy. Letter from Sir Jeffery Amherst to 
Governor Fitch; Enclosing him the Duplicate of the 
Earl of Egremont's Letter regarding the Attempts of 
the Connecticutt People to Settle on the Susquehannah; 
and Likewise a Duplicate of the General's former Let- 
ter, on the same Subject, the Governor not having 
Acknowledged the Receipt of Either of the Originals. 
Dated New York 4'^ May 1763. in S"" J: Amherst's of 
May 14: 1763 

ORDER OF COMMITTEE OF COUNCIL FOR 
PLANTATION AFFAIRS. 

At the Council Chamber Whitehall 
the II tb of May 1763 
By the Right Honourable the Lords of the 
Committee of Council for Plantation affairs. 

The Lords of the Committee of Council 
this day took into their Consideration a Re- 
port made by the Lords Commiss^s for Trade 
and Plantations, upon two Letters from the 
Earl of Egremont, One of His Majestys Principal Secretarys 
of State, to Sir Jeffery Amherst, and to the Governor of 
Connecticut, relating to the Settlement which some People 




238 FITCH PAPERS. 

are attempting to make at Wycoming on the River Susque- 
hannah. And the said Lords Commissioners, in order to 
put a Stop to the said Settlement, having proposed that In- 
structions should be sent to the Governors of Pensylvania 
and Connecticut, directing them to Proceed in like Manner 
with respect to the Settlers at Wycoming, as the Governors 
of South Carolina and Georgia had done in the year 1759 for 
the Removal of certain Persons who had settled themselves 
to the Southward of the Alatamaha. The Lords of the Com- 
mittee are hereby pleased to order, that the said Lords 
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations do prepare 
Draughts of Instructions for the Governors of Pensylvania 
and Connecticut agreable to what is proposed in the said 
Report, and lay the same before this Committee. 

W: BLAIR. 
[Indorsed.] Proprieties. Order of the Lords of the Commee 
of Council for Plantation Affairs dated ii^h May 1763 
relating to some People attempting to make a Settle- 
ment at Wycoming & directing Draughts of Instructions 
to be prepared for the Gov" of Pensylvania & Connec- 
ticut for the breaking up such Settlement. Reced 
Read May 27, 1763. 

STEPHEN HOPKINS TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Governor Stephen Hopkins of Rhode Island wrote on 
May 26, 1763, to Governor Thomas Fitch, respecting the 
boundary line between Massachusetts and Rhode Island and 
Connecticut, evidently asking what steps the colony had 
taken regarding the controversy still existing with Massa- 
chusetts about the line. See Fitch's letter of June 21, 1763, 
to Hopkins.] 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS TO 
COMMITTEE OF COUNCIL FOR PLANTATION AFFAIRS. 

To the Right Hon^ie the Lords of the Committee of His 
Majesty's most Hon^ie Privy Council for Plantation 
Affairs. 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE KING IN COUNCIL. 239 

My Lords, 

Pursuant to your Lordships Order dated the ii'^ Instant, 
We have prepared Drauts of an Instruction to the Com- 
manders in Chief of the Provinces of Pennsylvania and 
Connecticut, directing them to appoint each a Commissioner 
to repair to Wyoming on the River Susquehannah, and to 
proclaim to the People who are making a Settlement there. 
His Majesty's Commands, that they do remove from thence. 
And We beg Leave herewith to lay the said Draughts 
before Your Lordships. We are 

My Lords 8cc^ 

SHELBURNE 
ORWELL. SOAME JENYNS 

BAMBER GASCOYNE. ED ELLIOT 
ED BACON 
JOHN YORKE 
GEO RICE 
Whitehall May 30. 1763 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE KING IN COUNCIL. 

At the Court at S"^ James's 

the 15t" day of june 1763. 

Present 

The Kings most Excellent Majesty 

in Council 

Upon reading at the Board a Report from the Right 
Honourable the Lords of the Committee of Council for 
Plantation Affairs, dated the 7th of this Instant, humbly 
offering to His Majesty for his Royal Approbation Draughts 
of an Instruction prepared by the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations, for the Commanders in Chief of the 
Provinces of Pennsylvania and Connecticut, directing them 
to appoint each a Commissioner to repair to Wyoming on 
the River Susquehannah, and to proclaim to the People 
who are making a Settlement there, His Majestys Com- 
mands that they do remove from thence. His Majesty this 
day took the said Report and Draughts of an Instruction 




240 FITCH PAPERS. 

into Consideration, and was pleased, with the Advice of 
His Privy Council, to approve of the said Draughts of an 
Instruction (which are hereunto annexed) and to order, as 
it is hereby ordered, that the Right Honourable the Earl of 
Egremont, One of His Majestys Principal Secretarys of 
State, do lay the same before His Majesty for His Royal 
Signature. 

PHIL: SHARPS 
[Indorsed.] the 15th of June 1763 Order in Council approv- 
ing of Draughts of Instructions for the Commanders in 
Chief of Pensilvania and Connecticut to put a Stop to 
the Settlement making by the People of Connecticut 
on Lan^s claimed by the Indians at Wyoming. 

ROYAL INSTRUCTION TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT.* 
GEORGE R. 

Instruction to Our Trusty and Wellbeloved 
the Governor and Company of Our Colony of 
Connecticut in New England in America. 
Given at Our Court at S* James's the 15*^ day 
of June 1763 in the third year of Our Reign. 
Whereas it hath been represented to Us that a Number 
of Persons, Inhabitants of Our Colony of Connecticut, have 
presumed, without Licence from Us or any acting under 
Our Authority, to begin a Settlement on certain Lands, at 
Wyoming on the River Susquehanna, belonging to Our 
good Subjects the six Nations of Indians and their Allies 
the Delawares, whereby the said Indians are greatly dis- 
quieted and aggrieved: And whereas We have thought it 
necessary as well for the Support of Our Royal Authority 
as in Justice to the said Indian Nations, whom We are 
determined at all times to protect in the peaceable Enjoy- 
ment of all their just Rights and Possessions, that an 
effectual Stop should be put to the Settlement which the 
said People of Connecticut have thus unwarrantably at- 
tempted to make; Our Will and Pleasure therefore is, that 

* A similar Instruction was sent to James Hamilton, Deputy Governor of 
Pennsylvania. 




JEFFREY AMHERST. 24I 

you do forthwith, by commission under the Seal of the 
Colony of Connecticut under your Government, constitute 
and appoint a proper Person to be Commissioner on the 
part of the Colony of Connecticut with full Power to act in 
concert with a Commissioner in like manner to be appoint- 
ed by the Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, in the due 
and faithful! Execution of Our Royal Pleasure concerning 
the Inhabitants of the said Settlement. And you are here- 
by further required to instruct the said Commissioner with 
all convenient speed to proceed, with the Commissioner to 
be appointed on the part of the Province of Pennsylvania, 
to the said Settlement at Wyoming and there to cause his 
Commission to be read and published with all due Solemnity, 
and immediately after Publication thereof to require and 
command the Inhabitants, in Our Name, forthwith to desist 
from their said Undertaking, and to depart and remove 
from thence within such limited time, as you, in your Dis- 
cretion shall think necessary and reasonable. 

G. R. 
[Indorsed] Kings Instruction 15th June 1763. About Sus- 
quehannah Land. Ordering a Commissi^ to be Ap- 
pointed &c. 

JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Copy. 
New York, 17'^ June 1763. 
Sir, 

On Receiving some Intelligence of the Motions of the 
Indians to the Westward, I have Judged it highly Neces- 
sary to Detain the Provincials, Notwithstanding the Orders 
I had formerly Sent for their Returning home, on the i^t 
July, that I may be the better Enabled to Spare some Rein- 
forcements of the Number of Regulars from the Several 
Posts, to Push forwards, for the Protection of the Upper 
Country. 

I Have therefore Sent Positive Orders to the Officer 
Commanding the Nezv Jersey* Troops to Continue with his 

* New York, Comiecticutt, Rhode Island, Newhainpshire. 

16 



242 FITCH PAPERS. 

Men, untill further Orders; And have Assured him, that, 
on their Remaining & Doing their Duty, Application should 
be made to the Province to make Provision for them accord- 
ingly: The Necessity of this Measure, on so Critical an 
Occasion, will, I am Convinced, Appear so Evident, that I 
need not Use any Arguments to Induce you to Apply to 
your Council & Assembly, for a Continuation of the Pay to 
the Officers «& Men that do Remain, and for Bestowing on 
them such Other Rewards, as their Services may Entitle 
them to. 

I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
N. B. The Foregoing Letter To the Governors of New 
Jersey, New York, Connecticutt, Rhode Island, & New 
Hampshire. 

N. B. The Massachusetts Troops, Stationed at Crown 
Point, &ca, went off, the i^t May, Notwithstanding the 
Orders Sent for their Remaining till the i^t July, so that it 
was unnecessary to Write to the Governor of that Province 
on this Occasion. The Massachusetts Troops, who were at 
Halifax, it appears by Letters from thence, have Likewise 
Refused to Do Duty, after the i^t May. 

[Indorsed.] Copy. Circular Letter from Sir Jeffery Am- 
herst, to the Governors of New Jersey, New York 
Connecticutt, Rhode Island, & New Hampshire. Dated 
New York, 17th June 1763. Acquainting them of the 
Bad Designs of the Indians, which had Obliged the 
General to Send Orders for the Detention of the Pro- 
vincial Troops, that he might be Enabled to Send 
Reinforcements of Regulars, for the Protection of the 
Upper Country ; And therefore Requesting the Govern- 
ors to make Application to their Respective Assemblys, 
to make Provision for their Troops, so long as it might 
be Necessary to Continue them in the Service. in 
S"" J : Amherst's of June 27 : 1763 



THOMAS FITCH. 243 

THOMAS FITCH TO STEPHEN HOPKINS. 

NoRWALK, 2ist June, 1763. 
Sir : 

When at Hartford, attending the General Assembly, I 
received your letter of the 26'^ May, respecting the line be- 
tween Massachusetts and Rhode Island and Connecticut; 
but, as those matters were transacted before I came into the 
administration, I was unable, without further inquiry, to 
give you an account how they stood; and as Mr. Wolcott* 
is deceased, and General Lyman was confined with the 
small pox, and I had no opportunity of Conferring with Gov- 
ernor Wolcott about them, I desired some gentlemen to 
look into those matters, and to let me know what they could 
find to have been done therein. When I receive their ac- 
count, I shall acquaint you with it. 

I believe the government did nothing further in Eng- 
land, than to instruct their agent to be watchful to guard 
against any motions that might be made by the Massachu- 
setts agent, to the prejudice of this colony; and whether 
the Assembly will think it proper to pursue that matter 
further than to maintain a straight line between the Massa- 
chusetts and us, is a question I am not at present able to 
resolve ; but when the former transactions and preparations 
are collected, I purpose to have them laid before the Assem- 
bly, who will, I presume, come to some determinations in 
the matter. 

I am, sir, with very great regard, &c. , &c., 
THOS. FITCH. 
To the Hon. Governor Hopkins. 

THOMAS FITCH TO JEFFREY AMHERST. 

NoRWALK, 24th June 1763. 
Sir, 

Last Evening I was Favored with your Letter of the 
17th Acquainting me you found it Necessary to give Possi- 
tive Orders to the Officer Commanding the Connecticutt 



'Hon. Roger Wolcott, son of the governor, who died Oct. 19, 1759. 



244 FITCH PAPERS. 

Troops to Continue with his Men 'till further Orders; 
Assuring him, that on their Remaining and Doing their 
Duty, Application should be made tothe Colony to make 
provision for them accordingly. On this Head I Imagine 
there will Arise no Difficulty, as the Government have 
always made it a Rule, to Pay their Troops for the Whole 
time they have been Necessarily Detained in Service, 
altho' it has happened to Exceed the time they Engaged 
for; but as both Officers & Men had an Assurance of a Dis- 
charge by the i^t July, at which time their Engagements 
Expire, I Fear such an unexpected Disappointment, will 
Excite considerable uneasiness among them. Especially as 
they will be apt to View it as an Infraction made of the 
Public Faith, and to Consider themselves as not further 
holden by their Contracts, which were understood, if not 
Expressed, to be Limited to the i^t July: I hope Never- 
theless they will Use so much Consideration, as on this 
Critical Occasion, to See the Necessity of the Measures you 
have taken; and I have the more Reason to Expect this, as 
the Connecticut Officers and Men are Generally Disposed to 
good Order; but then I must beg Leave to Request you to 
Release them as Soon as the King's Service will Possibly 
Admit of it, least by an Endeavour to Continue them for 
any long time they should be tempted to Come off in a 
Disorderly manner, which I shall be Extremely Sorr)^ to 
hear of. 

I have the Satisfaction to Acquaint you, that Immedi- 
ately after receiving your Letter, accompanying the Earl of 
Egremont's, respecting the Connecticutt People's Attempts 
to Settle the Lands on the Siisquehannah River, I Informed 
the Principal Men among them of the Orders I had received. 
Desiring them to put a Stop to those Attemps, which they 
accordingly Did ; and Soon after the Company had a Meet- 
ing, and Chearfully Obeyed His Majesty's Orders, and 
agreed to Lay aside all further Attempts towards Settling 
those Lands, 'till the King's Pleasure be further known: 
Soon after this Deputys of the Six Nations Came to Hart- 
ford, with a Message to me on that Subject; in Answer 



JEFFREY AMHERST. 245 

to which I Explained the Matter to them, and Acquainted 
them what had been Done, with which they Manifested 
Entire Satisfaction, and Departed well pleased, and, as I 
was Informed, perfectly Easy, and very Friendly, & Espe- 
cially to those who had made Claim to those Lands; I 
therefore Conclude all Cause of Uneasiness or Complaints 
of that kind are Entirely Removed, which I think is a very 
happy Circumstance, at this time, when Disturbances arise 
from the more Southern or Western Nations. 

I am, with very great Regard 
Sir, &ca. 

THQS FITCH 
His Excellency Sir Jeffrey Amhkrst. 
[Indorsed.] Copy, Letter from Governor Fitch to Sir Jef- 
fery Amherst, Dated Norwalk 24th June 1763, Acknowl- 
edging the General's Circular of of the 17'^ And that he 
Imagined there would Arise no Difficulty in regard to 
Continuing the Troops of that Colony, as the Govern- 
ment had always made it a Rule to Pay them for what- 
ever time they might be Necessarily Detained beyond 
that for which they were Engaged. The Governor in 
this Letter, Acquaints the Geneial of the measures he 
took, on the Rec* of the Earl of Egremont's regarding 
the Attempt of the Connecticutt People to Settle on 
the Susquehannah, which had had the Desired Effect, 
those People having in Obedience to His Majesty's 
Commands given over all thoughts of Settling on the 
Lands in Question, until the King's Pleasure was fur- 
ther Known, &c. in S^ J : Amherst's of June 27 : 1763 



JEFFREY AMHERST TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York, 26'^ June 1763. 
Sir, 

I Had last Night the Favor of your Letter of the 24th 
Instant, And am glad to Find the Government of Connecti- 
cutt will, upon this Occasion, as on all Others, Pay their 
Troops for the Whole time they may be Necessarily De- 



246 FITCH PAPERS. 

tained in the Service, altho' it happens to Exceed the time 
they Engaged for: When I Fixed the. i^t July, as the Day 
for Sending them Home, I Could not Foresee the Unex- 
pected Exigency that has Required their Continuance be- 
yond that time; But you may be Assured, I shall not Detain 
them a Day longer than is Absolutely Necessary for the 
Security of the Posts, & Consequently for the Protection of 
the Country in General. 

That part of your Letter regarding the Steps taken by 
you, on Receipt of the Earl of Egremont's Letter, Contain- 
ing His Majesty's Commands Relative to the Lands on the 
Susquehannah River, and the Consequences thereof, gives 
me great Pleasure, as I Flatter myself there will be an End 
to all Disputes of that kind for the Future; and that no 
Company whatever will presume to Settle on any Lands, 
without a proper Authority from His majesty. 
I am, with great Regard, 
Sir, &ca 

JEFF: AMHERST 
The Honbie Governor Fitch 
[Indorsed.] Copy. Letter from Sir Jeffery Amherst to 
Governor Fitch. Dated New York 26'^ June 1763. In 
answer to the Govt's of the 24*11 June, That he was glad 
the Colony of Connecticutt, upon this Occasion, would 
Provide for their Troops for the time they might be 
Necessarily Detained beyond that for which they were 
Engaged ; And that he was particularly Pleased to Learn 
that, on the Rec' of the Earl of Egremont's Letter, re- 
specting the Lands on the Susquehannah, the People 
who had Pretended a Right to those Lands, had, in 
Obedience to His Majesty's Commands, Desisted from 
all Attempts of that Kind, untill the King's Pleasure 
was further Known, &ca. in S^ J: Amherst's of June 
27: 1763. 



EARL OF EGREMONT. 247 

EARL OF EGREMONT TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall July 9'h 1763. 
Gentlemen, 

It having appeared, that the Publick Revenue has been 
greatly diminished, and the fair Trader much prejudiced, 
by the fraudulent Methods used to introduce into His 
Majesty's Dominions, (contrary to the Act of 12'^ Charles 2^ 
for encouraging & increasing Shipping & Navigation, and 
that of 15th Charles 2^ for the Encouragement of Trade, and 
the Act of 7th & 8th of William 3'^ for preventing Frauds, & 
regulating Abuses in the Plantation Trade,) Commodities 
of Foreign Growth, in National as well as foreign Bottoms, 
by means of small Vessels hovering on the Coasts; and that 
this iniquitous Practice has been carried to a great height in 
America, An Act was passed the last Session of Parliament 
intituled "-An Act for the further Improvement of His 
Majesty's R( venue of Customs ; and for the Encouragement of 
Officers making Seizures ; and for the prevention of the 
clandestine Running of Goods into any Part of His Majesty's 
Dominions,'' by which the former Laws, relative to this 
Matter, are enforced, and extended to the British Dominions 
in all Parts of the World ; and the King having it extremely 
at Heart to put an End to all iniquitous Practices of this 
Nature, by a due, punctual, and vigorous, Exertion of the 
Laws made for this salutary Purpose, and His Majesty 
having been pleased to order, that the most effectual Steps 
should be taken for obtaining that End; The Commanders 
of His Majesty's Ships, stationed in America, will, in Conse- 
quence thereof, be vested, for the future, with the necessary 
and legal Powers, from the Commissioners of the Customs, 
for carrying into Execution the several Acts of Parliament 
relative to the seizing & condemning any Ships that shall be 
found transgressing against the said Acts; I am to signify 
to You the King's express Pleasure, that You do, as far as 
shall depend upon You, not only cooperate with, & assist, 
the said Commanders in the due & legal Execution of the 
Powers & Instructions given them by the Commissioners of 
the Customs, but that You do also use your utmost Endeav- 



24» FITCH PAPERS. 

ours, by the most assiduous & impartial Exertion of the 
Laws enacted for this Purpose, to put an effectual Stop to 
the Clandestine Running of Goods into any Place within 
Your Jurisdiction; And that You may be fully informed of 
every Particular, in an Affair of this Importance, You will 
find inclosed herewith a Copy of the Act passed last Session 
of Parliament, refer'd to above; together with His Majesty's 
Orders in Council, made agreable thereto, for the Division 
of the Seizures; to which I add a List of the Ships stationed 
in America, distinguishing such as have ihe Custom House 
Commissions, from the few which sailed before the Resolu- 
tion on that Head was taken; and also a Copy of the In- 
structions given by the Lords of the Admiralty to the 
several Commanders of these Ships 

The Precautions, which, upon perusing the Two last 
mentioned Papers You will observe to have been taken 
here, and the strict Orders given on this Occasion to the 
Commanders of all the Ships of War in America, will suffi- 
ciently point out to You, how earnestly the King wishes, 
that all possible Means should be used to root out so iniqui- 
tous a Practice; a Practice carried on in Contravention of 
many express & repeated Laws, Tending not only to the 
Diminution & Impoverishment of the Publick Revenue, at 
a time when this Nation is labouring under a heavy Debt 
incurred by the last War for the Protection of America; 
but also to expose every fair Trader to certain Detriment, 
and even Danger of Ruin, by his not being able to carry his 
Commodities to Market on an equal footing with those, who 
fraudulently evade the Payment of the just dues, & Cus- 
toms, for the same. 

It is the King's Pleasure that You do, by the first 
Opportunity, acknowledge the Receipt of this Letter, and 
that You do, from Time to Time, transmit to me, for His 
Majesty's Information, exact Accounts of whatever shall 
happen, within Your Government, in an Affair, which the 
King considers to be of the highest Importance to the Com- 
mercial Interest of His Subjects, and the Improvement of 
the Publick Revenue: You will likewise impart to me, for 



THOMAS FITCH. 249 

the King's Approbation, such further hints as may occur to 
You as proper for the Subject. 

I must also inform You, that His Majesty's Resolution 
to have the most implicit Obedience paid to these His Com- 
mands, is so fixed, that as, on the one Hand, Your particular 
Diligence & Attention in the Performance of Your Duty 
herein, will not fail to recommend You to His Majesty's 
Royal Favor; so, on the other, it is incumbent on me to ac- 
quaint You, that the King will not pass over unnoticed any 
Negligence, or Relaxation, on the Part of any Persons, 
employed in His Service, in a Matter on which His Majesty 
lays so much stress, and in which the fair Trade of all His 
Faithful Subjects is so essentially interested. 

I am, with great Truth & Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

EGREMONT 

Gov and Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from Earl of Egremont Sec'" State, g^^ 

July 1763 Reed gth Sepf 1763 The Prints inclosed with 

this Delivered to the Secretary 

THOMAS FITCH TO JAMES HAMILTON. 

[Shortly after the ninth of September 1763, Governor 
Thomas Fitch wrote to Governor James Hamilton of Penn- 
sylvania, that he had received the king's instructions to 
appoint a commissioner with full power to meet with a 
similar commissioner from Pennsylvania and to repair to 
Wyoming and put a stop to the settlement being made 
there by settlers from Connecticut, and asking that Governor 
Hamilton appoint a time and place for such meeting. See 
letter of Sept. 15, 1763, from Fitch to the Commissioners 
for Trade and Plantations. ] 

THOMAS FITCH TO EARL OF EGREMONT. 

NoRWALK 14'h Sepf 1763 
Mj/ Lord 

On the 9'h Instant I received your Lordships Letter of 
July 9'h 1763 with the Act of Parliament past last Sessions 



250 FITCH PAPERS. 

together with his Majestys Order in Council made Agreable 
thereto for the Division of the Seizures, the List of the 
Ships Station'd in America and the Copy of the Instructions 
given by the Lords of the Admiralty to the Several Com- 
manders of those Ships, which were inclosed with and 
Referred to in the Letter, and take the Earliest Opportunity 
to Acknowledge the Same. And Shall with utmost Diligence 
and Attention observe the Kings Commands and Endeavour 
to yield obedience thereto with the greatest Exactness I 
possibly Can altho the iniquitous Practice of using fraudu- 
lent methods to Introduce (Contrary to the Acts of Trade) 
Commodities of Foreign Growth may have been carried to 
a great heighth in America yet I have not been Apprehen- 
sive of its having taken Place in Connecticut where the 
Trade is but Small Tho' I have made it my Constant Care 
to Discover and to procure Seisures and Prosecutions in 
every Case v/herein the Laws Relative thereto could be 
found to have been transgressed which may probably have 
been one Reason why such illicite Trade has been no more 
Attempted among us. 

Your Lordships Letter of the 26th of March last with 
the Kings Proclamation of the Peace I Received and forth- 
with Gave Special Orders for Publishing the Same in the 
Several Counties of the Colony which has been done with 
proper Solemnities accordingly 

On Receiving Your Lordships Letter of the 27'h of 
January (which Should have been Acknowledged before) I 
immediately Used my Influence with those People who 
were concerned in the attempts towards Settling the Lands 
on the Susquehannah River which had the Desired effect as 
it Induced them Unanimously to Desist in their undertaking 
and to Cause those to withdraw who were Gone there if 
any Such there were. I beg Leave further to acquaint 
your Lordship that towards the latter end of May Deputies 
from the Six Nations of Indians came to me when I was 
attending the General Assembly with a Message from their 
Chiefs Representing their Dissatisfaction with Respect to 
the Settlement of the Lands on the Susquehannah which 



THOMAS FITCH. 251 

they Said they had heard was about to be Attempted and 
Desired it might Be prevented, on which I acquainted 
them with the Kings Commands Signifyed by your Letter 
of the 27th of January and with the Steps I had taken 
in Obedience thereto and with ye happy Effects it had 
produced. 

Their Message was Received and Answers given in the 
Presence of the Assembly then Sitting at Hartford in a 
public Manner and at the Conclusion the Deputies Declared 
they had carefully attended to and Considred the Answers 
Given them well approved of them Manifested Entire Satis- 
faction therewith and Departed with Declarations of Great 
Friendship and appeared to be well pleased, which gave 
Sufficient Reason (as was then Judged by all present) to 
believe all manner of Complaints uneasiness or Trouble 
about those Lands were wholly at an End, and indeed I 
know not of any thing Since that has given the least Occa- 
sion for complaints of that Kind Tho not long after this we 
were informed by the public Prints that about the Same 
Time those Deputies were at Hartford the Indians in 
various Parts to the westward began their attack on the out 
Posts and Scattered Settlem's 

I am My Lord with the highest 

Esteem and Regard Your Lordships most 
Obedient and most humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 

The Right Hont'ie the Earl of Egremont &c 

THOMAS FITCH TO COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE 
AND PLANTATIONS. 

NoRWALK T5th September 1763. 
My Lords, 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of the Kings Instruc- 
tions to the Governor and Company of the Colony of Con- 
necticut given at the Court at S' James's on the 15*^ Day of 
June last which came to my hands on the 9*^ Instant direct- 
ing that a Commissioner be appointed on the part of this 
Colony with full Power to act in concert with a Commis- 



252 FITCH PAPERS. 

sioner in like manner to be appointed by the Lieutenant 
Governor of Pensylvania in the due and faithful Execution 
of His Majestys Royal Pleasure concerning the Inhabitants 
said to have begun a Settlement on certain Lands at Wyo- 
ming on the River Susquehannah belonging to the vSix 
Nations of Indians. 

In Consequence of the Kings Commands I immediately 
wrote to the Lieutenant Governor of Pensylvania acquaint- 
ing him with my having received these Instructions and 
proposed to him to appoint the time and place for the Com- 
missioners to meet for that Service as I presumed he had in 
like manner received Instructions for the same and shall as 
soon as the matters can be Settled for their meeting to act 
in concert do every thing necessary on the part of this Col- 
ony for the due and faithful Execution of His Majestys 
Royal Pleasure in every particular concerning the said 
Settlement. 

Your Lordships Letter of the 29th of April signifying 
the King having Judged it proper that a public Thanksgiv- 
ing to Almighty God should be observed throughout all 
His Majestys Colonies in America on the happy conclusion 
of the Peace I received Just after a public Thanksgiving 
had been observed by His Majestys Subjects in this Govern- 
ment on the same Occasion in Consequence of a Proclama- 
tion Issued by the Desire of the Council and Assembly 
particularly on Account of the happy Conclusion of the 
Peace which was Judged a full Compliance with His Majes- 
ty's Royal Will and Pleasure tho' observed a few Days 
before your Letter for the same purpose was received. 

I have also received your Lordships other Letter of the 
29th of April with the several Copies therewith inclosed by 
which the Correspondence between your Lordships Board 
and the Governors of His Majesty's Colonies is regulated 
and ascertained according to which I shall Endeavour to 
govern myself in the best manner I can so far as relates to 
this Colony. 

I am My Lords with the highest 

Esteem and Regard Your Lordships 
most Obedient and most 

humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS. 253 

The Right Honb'e The Lords Commissioners for Trade 

and Plantations. 

[Indorsed.] Proprieties. Connecticut. Letter from Tho^ 
Fitch Esq'" Gov of Connecticut, to the Board, dated 
15 Sepf 1763, acknowledging his Receipt of the King's 
Instructions respecting a Settlement at Wyoming on 
Susquehannah, & the Boards Letters on the proclama- 
tion of the Peace, & the Correspondence of the Govern- 
ors with the Board. Rec^ Read Nov: 22 1763. 

STEPHEN HOPKINS TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Governor Stephen Hopkins of Rhode Island wrote on 
September 27, 1763, to Governor Thomas Fitch, inclosing a 
copy of the agreement made by the the agents of the several 
colonies respecting the distribution between them of the 
Parliamentary grant for services of the year 1760; and 
apparently suggesting that further authorization was neces- 
sary for Connecticut's agent to act in the rectification of 
the division of the money between the colonies, which was 
to be made out of the grant for the services of the next 
year. Several documents relating to the division of the 
grant for 1760, and the rectifications to be made, are 
printed in New Hampshire Provincial Papers, VI. 905- 
908. See letter from Gov. Fitch to Gov. Hopkins of Oct. 4, 
1763.] 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall Sept^ 28'^ 1763, 
Gentlemen, 

His Majesty having appointed Us His Commissioners 
for promoting the Trade of this Kingdom, and for inspect- 
ing & improving His Majesty's foreign Colonies & Planta- 
tions ; We take this the earliest Opportunity of acquainting 
you therewith, and We have only further to desire, that you 
will regulate your future Correspondence conformable to 
the Orders and Instructions, Copies of which were trans- 



254 FITCH PAPERS. 

mitted to you with the Board's Letter of the 29th of April 
last. 

We are Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 
humble Servants 

HILLSBOROUGH 
ED BACON 
GEO: RICE 
ORWELL 
SOAME JENYNS 
JOHN YORKE 
To the Governor & Company of Connecticut. 

THOMAS FITCH TO STEPHEN HOPKINS. 

NoRWALK, 4'h October, 1763. 
Sir: 

I am favored with your letter of the 2']^'^ of last month, 
with the copy of the agreement made by the agents of the 
several colonies, respecting the distribution of the Parlia- 
mentary grant for the services of the year 1760; which 
agreement I had received some time before, from Mr. 
Jackson, the agent of this colony; but as it appears by that 
agreement, that the inequality of the distribution of the 
monies granted for that year's service, was to be rectified 
out of the grant for the services of the next year, at the good 
pleasure of their lordships of the treasury, if to them it shall 
so seem meet, as expressed in the agreement. 

And as to when that matter should be settled, I sup- 
posed the agent of this colony would not only think himself 
bound to fulfil the agreement, but also that he is fully em- 
powered to do so, I had no thought of its being necessary to 
give him any orders for that purpose; and especially, as he 
has not signified any thing of that kind to me. 

However, I shall lay the matter before the Assembly, 
from whom orders must be given, if needed; and no doubt 
they will do every thing necessary in that matter, that may 
be agreable to honor and justice. 

I am, sir, with great regards, &c. , &c. 

THOS. FITCH. 

To Gov. Hopkins. 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS. 255 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall October lo^h 1763 
Gentlemen, 

We have received His Majesty's Commands to send you 
the inclosed printed Proclamation* and to desire you v^ill 
cause the same to be forthwith made publick in the several 
parts of your Governments taking especial care that you do 
exactly conform to the Orders and regulationes therein con- 
tained, in so far as depends upon yourself, and that you do 
strictly enjoin all persons whatever whom it may concern 
to pay a due Obedience thereto on their parts. 
We are, Sir, 

Your most Obedient 

humble Servants 

HILLSBOROUGH 
SOAME JENYNS 
ED BACON 
JOHN YORKE 
Gov^ and Compy of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from ye Lords Commissrs for Trade and 
Plantations 10*^ ocf 1763 Rec^ 6'^ Decembr 1763. 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall October nth 1763. 
Gentlemen, 

The Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury, 
having- represented to His Majesty, that they find, upon a 
Consideration of the present State of the duties of Customs 
imposed on His Majesty's Subjects in America, that the 
Revenue arising therefrom, is very small & inconsiderable, 
having in no degree increas'd with the Commerce of those 
Countries, & is not yet sufficient to defray a fourth part of 
the Expence necessary for collecting it, and that through 



♦This proclamation, dated October 7, was for establishing new governments 
in America. See American Antiquarian Society^ Transactions, XII. 212. 



256 FITCH PAPERS. 

neglect, connivance and fraud, not only the Revenue is im- 
pair'd but the Commerce of the Colonies is diverted from 
it's natural Course, & the salutary provisions of many wise 
Laws are in great measure defeated; His Majesty has com- 
manded us to require & enjoin you in the strictest manner, 
to make the Suppression of the clandestine & prohibited 
trade with foreign nations, and the improvement of the 
Revenue, the constant & immediate objects of your Care, 
and by a vigorous discharge of the duty requir'd of you by 
several Acts of Parliament, and a due exertion of your legal 
Authority, to give the Officers of the Revenue all possible 
protection & support; and that you do from time to time 
transmit such observations as occur to you on the state of 
the illicit & contraband trade, & on the conduct of all per- 
sons, whose duty it is to prevent the same, in order that the 
necessary directions may be given for punishing such per- 
sons, as shall appear to be guilty of any misbehavior, and 
for correcting all Abuses for the future. 

We do therefore recommend these His Majesty's Com- 
mands to your most serious attention, not doubting but you 
will acquit yourselves in the Execution of them, as becomes 
faithful! and vigilant Servants of Crown. We are. 
Gentlemen, Your most obedient, 

humble Servants, 

HILLSBOROUGH 
SOAME JENYNS 
ED BACON 
JOHN YORKE 

Governor & Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Lords Commiss" for Trade & 

Plantations ii'h Oct' 1763 Rec^ 6'^ Decembr 1763. 

EARL OF HALIFAX TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

St James's October 19th 1763. 
Szr, 

His Majesty being informed by Dispatches lately re- 
ceived from Sir Jeffery Amherst, Commander in Chief of 
His Forces in North America, that the Insurrections of the 



EARL OF HALIFAX. 



257 



Indian Nations, which have for some Time been increasing, 
now bear the Appearance of becoming general, has judged 
it necessary to require the Assistance of such of His Colonies, 
as are most interested by their Situation, or most able by 
their Circumstances, to contribute to the general Purposes 
of Defence, and of Annoyance of the Savages, in order to 
put the most speedy End to the great Mischiefs, of which 
this extensive and most barbarous State of War is productive. 
I am therefore to signify to You His Majesty's Pleasure, 
that You earnestly recommend it, in His Majesty's Name, to 
the General Assembly of the Province under your Govern- 
ment, forthwith to make Provision for enabling You to call 
out a sufficient Number of the Militia, or to raise such a 
reasonable Number of Troops, as, from the actual State of 
the Indian War, Sir Jeffery Amherst shall think necessary, 
and to employ Them not only in defending and protecting 
the Lives and Properties of His Majesty's Subjects on the 
Frontiers of your Government, but also in acting offensively 
against the Indians, at such Places, and in such Manner, 
as the said Commander in Chief shall judge proper to direct. 

And His Majesty trusts, that the Legislature of your 
Government, from their Zeal and Affection for His Service, 
as well as from a just Regard to the Safety and Welfare of 
the Colony, will readily and chearfully concur in exerting 
Themselves upon this important Occasion, to the End that 
His Majesty's Subjects in North America may peaceably 
enjoy the Fruits of the many glorious Successes obtained 
there by His Majesty's victorious Arms, during the late 
War, and the extensive Advantages secured to them by the 
late Peace. 

I am, with great Truth and Regard, 
Sir, Your most obedient 

humble Servant. 

DUNK HALIFAX 

Governor and Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Halifax 19'^ ocf 1763. 

Reed 5th Janry 1764 



258 FITCH PAPERS. 

THOMAS FITCH TO COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE 
AND PLANTATIONS. 

NoRWALK in Connecticut lo'^ Nov 1763. 
My Lords 

Having in my Letter of the 15'h of September acknowl- 
edged the receipt of the Kings Instructions to the Governor 
and Company of the Colony of Connecticut directing that a 
Commissioner should be appointed on the part of this Colony 
with full Power to act in Concert with a Commissioner in 
like manner to be appointed by the Lieu* Governor of Pen- 
sylvania to warn off the Inhabitants said to have begun a 
Settlement on Certain Lands at Wyoming on the River 
Susquehanna belonging to the Six Nations of Indians and 
having acquainted your Lordships of my Entring into a 
Correspondence with the Lieu* Governor of Pensylvania for 
the purpose of carrying into Execution His Majestys Royal 
Pleasure with all possible Dispatch and Faithfulness 

I now am further to acquaint your Lordships that a 
Commissioner has been appointed under the Public Seal of 
the Colony with full Power to act in Concert with a Com- 
missioner in like manner, to be appointed by the said Lieu* 
Governor of Pensylvania for the purpose aforesaid with In- 
structions agreable to His Majestys Royal Instructions 
aforesaid. 

The Commissioner on the part of Connecticut set out 
in order to proceed to Wyoming and there duely and faith- 
fully to execute the Kings Commands and on his return 
reported to me that on his Journey he received Intelligence 
that the Inhabitants at Wyoming which were but very few 
were cut off by the Indians and that the Settlement was 
wholly broke up, upwards of thirty Persons it was said 
were killed or captivated and but very few escaped. But 
that he nevertheless proceeded to Philadelphia where he 
received from Lieu* Governor Hamilton a full Confirmation 
of the unhappy Disaster of those poor and miserable People. 
Mr Hamilton informed him a Party had been sent up to the 
Place and found all destroyed and buried ten or Eleven 
Dead Bodies lying there. M^ Hamilton signified to him 



THOMAS FITCH. 259 

that as There was nothing now to do he advised him to 
proceed no further and accordingly he returned and made 
the above Report. 

I am My Lords with the Highest Esteem and 
Regard Your Lordships most 

Obedient and most humble 
Servant 

THQS FITCH 
The Right HonWe The Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 

[Indorsed.] Proprieties. Connecticut. Letter from Thos 
Fitch Esqr GoV of Connecticut, to the Board, dated lo 
Nov 1763, containing an Account that the Settlement 
at Wyoming has been destroyed by the Indians. Rec^ 
Janry Read March 3, 1764 

THOMAS GAGE TO THOMAS FITCH. 
[General Thomas Gage wrote on December 6, 1763, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch, that he had succeeded Sir Jeffrey 
Amherst in command of the forces in America; that Am- 
herst had found it necessary in order to suppress the 
devastations made by the Indians to require the aid of men 
from the colonies during the coming year; that five hundred 
are demanded from Connecticut, who should by ready to 
proceed to Albany by the first of March; that they will be 
provisioned and armed at the expense of the home govern- 
ment by his order, and that the time of service is not to be 
beyond November first. Colonial Records, XII. 230; Rhode 
Island Colonial Records, VI. 376; Report of committee of 
the General Assembly, Jan. 19, 1764.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE 
AND PLANTATIONS. 

NoRWALK 9*^ December 1763. 
My Lords, 

I have received your Lordships Letter of the 28'^ Sep- 
tember as also those of the lo'h and 1 1*^ of October inclosing 



2bO FITCH PAPERS. 

His Majestys Royal Proclamation respecting the Erecting- 
four New Governments in America &c which agreable to 
His Majesty's Commands I forthwith- ordered to be pub- 
lished in the Several News Papers printed in this Colony 
that all the Kings Subjects in Connecticut as well as Else- 
where may be speedily acquainted therewith and avail 
themselves of the Benefits and advantages that may accrue 
to them from the Salutary Measures Directions and En- 
couragements contained therein and so far as concerns us 
Endeavour a faithful Observance thereof. And shall Also 
make the Suppression of the Clandestine and Prohibited 
Trade with Foreign Nations and the Improvement of the 
Revenue the Objects of my particular Attention and in 
Every other respect carefully Endeavour a Conformity to 
the Kings Commands and Intentions. 

I am my Lords with the greatest 
Esteem and Regard your 

Lordships most Obedient 

and most humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 
The Right Honourable the Lords Comissioners for 
Trade & Plantations. 

[Indorsed] Proprieties. Connecticut. Letter from Tho^ Fitch 
Esqr dated Dec 9. 1764, informing the Board of his 
having rec^ the Kings Proclamation, respecting the 
new Governments, their Lordships Directions upon 
the Memorial of the Lords of the Treasury, relative to 
the defects of the Laws for regulating the plantation 
Trade. Rec<i Febry Read March 3, 1764. 

THOMAS GAGE TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[General Thomas Gage wrote on January 3, 1764, to 
Governor Thomas Fitch, probably renewing and urging his 
previous request that Connecticut take steps for furnishing 
five hundred men for service during the coming season in a 
campaign against the Indians. See extract of a letter from 
Fitch to Gage dated Jan. 30, 1764.] 



BOSTON MERCHANTS. 261 

BOSTON MERCHANTS TO NEW LONDON MERCHANTS. 

Boston Jan^y 9th 1764 
GenP^ 

The Act commonly known by the Name of the Sugar 
Act has long- & justly been coniplain'd of by the Northern 
Colonies as a great Grievance; and should it be continued 
& put in Execution, with any Degree of Rigour, (as is like 
to be the Case hereafter) it will give a mortal Wound to the 
Trade of these Colonies. 

As this Act is now about to expire, it behoves us all to 
unite our Endeavours to prevent, if possible, the Revival 
of it. For this Purpose the Merchants in this Town, some- 
time since, met together and chose a Committee to prepare 
a State of the Trade of this Province, so far as it is affected 
by this Act; to collect what Facts & Arguments might occur 
to them, proper to be urged against the Renewal of it, & to 
draw up & present to our General Court a Memorial, pray- 
ing they would make Application by their Agent at home, 
in order to obtain Relief. In Consequence of this Memorial, 
the Court have raised a large Committee, who have given 
us a hearing upon the Subject, and we are well assured 
they will send the necessary Instructions to their Agent, 
and will oppose the Renewal of the Act to the utmost of 
their Power. 

It will not be deny'd that the Trade of all the Gover- 
ments in North America is affected by this Act. They are 
all therefore interested in the Affair, and as they have very 
powerful Antagonists to encounter, the united Strength of 
them all will be necessary, if they mean to do any thing to 
Effect. We therefore address ourselves to you on this Occa- 
sion, & inclose you a Copy of what we have drawn up, rela- 
tive to this Matter, desiring you to communicate it to the 
Merchants of Connecticut, that they may know what is 
doing here, and may have an Opportunity of assisting us in 
our Endeavours to defeat the iniquitous Schemes of these 
overgrown West Indians. We shall not presume to advise 
in what Manner this may be best done. We shall only say 
that, besides the public Application made by our General 



262 FITCH PAPERS. 

Court, the Merchants here will severally write to their 
respective Correspondents in England & endeavour to con- 
vince them that the Act in Question is, and will be preju- 
dicial to the Trade of Great Britain. 

As the Trade of the several Provinces is attended with 
different Circumstances, those Arguments that are perti- 
nent with Regard to one, may not be so with Regard to 
the others. We, in what we have offer'd, had in View the 
Trade of this Province only; and each Government will 
doubtless make use of those Arguments that are most 
adapted to their own particular State and Circumstances. 

We shall detain you no longer than just to hint to you 
that no Time ought to be lost; and to ask Pardon for this 
Trouble we give you, which as it is designed to serve the 
Public, we flatter ourselves you will readily excuse. 
We are, Sirs 

Your most obed* Serves 

JOS. GREEN 
JOSHUA WINSLOW 
EDWARD PAYNE 
THOMAS [ ] 

GuRDON Saltonstal & Nath^ Shaw Esq^s 
[Indorsed] Letter from Certain Merchants in Boston 

STATEMENT OF TRADE AND FISHERIES OF 
MASSACHUSETTS. 

As the Act, commonly called the Sugar Act, has been 
passed upwards of thirty Years without any Benefit to the 
Crown, the Duties arising from it, having never been appro- 
priated by Parliament to any particular Use ; and as this Act 
will expire this Winter, the following Considerations are 
offered as Reasons why it should not be renewed.* 

*This act, indiflferently known as the Sugar and the Molasses Act, was passed 
in 1733, but was evaded by the colonies and no serious attempt made to enforce it. 
Now, however, with the French power out of the way, enforcement was thought 
possible; and despite this protest, was undertaken with a strong force of revenue 
cutters, though in the new Act of 1764 the duty on foreign molasses was reduced 
one-half. It was combined with a revenue measure, to pay for the governmental 
establishments which the colonies had kept in check by withholding payments ex- 
cept as a bargain. How it might have worked alone is uncertain, but its supple- 
ment the Stamp Act involved both in ultimate failure. F. M 



STATEMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS. 263 

First, It is apprehended, that the Trade is so far from 
being able to bear the high Duties imposed by this Act, that 
it will not bear any Duty at all. The Price of Molasses at 
present, is but 12^ Sterling per Gallon, at which Price it will 
barely answer to distil it into Rum for Exportation: Should 
this Duty be added, it would have the Effect of an absolute 
Prohibition on the Importation of Molasses and Sugar from 
the foreign Islands ; and consequently the same Effect on 
the Exportation of Fish, Lumber and other Commodities 
from hence to those Islands; as the French, Dutch and 
other Foreigners whom we supply with those Articles, will 
not permit us to bring away their money; so that unless we 
can take their ordinary Sugars and Molasses in Return, this 
Trade will be lost. As we do not import any Rum from the 
foreign Islands, the Duty on that Commodity is of little con- 
sequence, and Great Britain would finally pay much more 
than the Duty on Sugars, if an End should be put to our 
Trade to the foreign Islands. For should the Colonies be 
obliged to take from our own Islands all the West India 
Produce that they consume, the Price in Great-Britain must 
necessarily advance more than double this Duty. If we are 
permitted to import foreign Sugars and Molasses into the 
Northern Colonies, more of our West- India Produce will be 
carried to Great-Britain, where the Consumption is sup- 
posed to be equal to the whole Produce of our Islands. 

Secondly, The Loss of the Trade to the foreign Islands 
on which great Part of our other Trade depends, must 
greatly affect all the Northern Colonies, and entirely de- 
stroy the Fishery in this Province, and at Newfoundland 
likewise; as our own Islands are not capable of taking off 
above one Third of our West-India Cod-Fish, nor one Quar- 
ter of the Mackrell, Shad, Alewives and other small Fish 
exported from hence. In this Province we have about 300 
Sail of Vessels from 45 to 75 Tons, employed in the Cod- 
Fishery, and about 90 Sail from 25 to 40 Tons in the Mack- 
rell Fishery; these Vessels carry from six to ten men each; 
the Bankers one with another make 800 Quintals a Vessel, 
in the Season; (from march to October,) and by an exact 



264 FITCH PAPERS. 

Account taken at several of our Fishing Towns, the Propor- 
tion of West-India Cod-Fish was about three fifths of the 
whole Quantity, the Mackrell Vessels get about 200 Bar- 
rels a Vessel in the Season. Now as our own Islands 
take off but about one Third of the West-India Cod-Fish, 
and not more than one Quarter of the Mackrell and other 
small Fish ; the Remainder will be lost if we are prevented 
from supplying the foreign Islands; there being no other 
Market where it can be disposed of. The Fishery at pres- 
ent is carried on to very little Profit, and wants all the 
Encouragement that can possibly be given to support those 
concerned in it, suppose they had Vent for all their West- 
India Fish; but should they be deprived of a Market for 
two Thirds; (which they will be if this Act should be put in 
Execution;) the whole Fishery must infallibly be broke up 
it being impossible to procure Fish for the European Market 
separate from the other; the Merchantable being such as is 
culled out of the whole after it is cured for the European 
Markets; what remains is fit only for the West-Indies; so 
that any Interruption in either Branch must be the De- 
struction of the whole. The manner of carrying on the 
Fishery is this; the Vessel draws two Eights after the great 
General is taken out of the whole; the Shoreman who is 
generally the Owner, has one Eighth for making, and the 
Fishermen the other five Eights. Suppose the Vessel makes 
800 Quintals, which appears by an exact Account taken last 
Year to be the Medium, and is estimated as follows, viz' 
340 Quintals fit for the European Markets sterling 

at 12/^ Quintal ^204 

460 Quintals of West India Fish 9/ 207 

12 Barrels of Oyl 30/ 18 ^429 

From this Sum ^429 deduct the great General, 
which is Salt, Bait, Candles, Ballast, Boots 
«&c for the Sailer &c 85 10 

^343 10 
To the Vessel 2/8 which will barely 
pay for the Wear and Tear, as they 



STATEMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS. 265 

expend double the Quantity of 
Cables, Anchors, Rigging and Sails 
that Vessels in any other Employ 
do ^85 17 6 

To the Shoreman's one Eighth for mak- 
ing, on which the Support of his 
Family depends, as the Vessel dont 
clear any Thing 42 18 9 

To the Crew for the other five Eights 214 13 9 ^343 10 
From the Crews 5/8 amounting to ^214 13 9 is to be 
deducted the small General so called, being for Wood and 
Provisions of all Sorts, paid for by the Crew amounting to 
^44 10 o likewise their Craft as Boots, Barvils, Hooks, 
Lines, and small Stores amounting to ^ 5 15 o a man 
for 7 men is ^ 40 5 o; this leaves p^ 129 18 4 to be 
divided among the Crew, and amounts to ^ 18 11 3 Sterl- 
ing a man; which is but a bare Subsistance, as most of the 
Fishermen have Families, and are at double the Expense 
for Cloathing, that other Seamen are; the Supply of which 
as well as the Rigging and Sails for the Vessel are from 
Great-Britain; should they be deprived of the Trade to the 
foreign Islands in the West Indies, by which two Thirds of 
the West-India Fish will be lost; this will reduce the Ves- 
sels Share to ;^ 51 17 6; which is not sufficient to pay the 
necessary Wear and Tear; the Fishermens Shares will like- 
wise be reduced to ^ 6 5 6>^ a Sum by no Means suffi- 
cient for their Support. The merchants who ship the Fish 
to Europe, and remit the Nett Proceeds to England, allow 
their Vessels from 2/6 to 3/ Sterling per Quintal Freight; 
if they go to Bilboa or the Streights, where they can't pro- 
cure Salt the Freight is 3/; if to Lisbon or Cadiz, it is only 
2/6; at this low Freight the Fish seldom or never yeilds any 
Profit; If upon the whole the Merchants can make their 
Remittances at Par, they think themselves well off, and 
would always compound at this Rate for the Season : This 
evidently proves that the Fishery will not bear the least 
additional Incumbrance, and that a very small Discourage- 
ment will totally destroy it. 



266 FITCH PAPERS. 

Thirdly, A Prohibition on the Trade to foreign Islands 
will greatly promote the French Fishery:- If the French Is- 
lands can be supplied with Fish for Molasses, it will be 
cheaper for them to purchase it of us than to catch it them- 
selves: Should they be obliged to pay us money, (as some 
have supposed they will be) they must give a much greater 
Price for it than they do now, as our Vessels must come 
back empty, and consequently can't afford it so low, as 
when they make a Freight Home ; this will have a Tendency 
to promote and enlarge their Fishery; which the Planters 
in their Islands will not apply for, while they can be sup- 
plied with Fish for their Molasses and their establishing 
such a Fishery will l)e very prejudicial to Great Britain; as 
great Numbers of our Fishermen having no Employ at 
Home, will be induced to enter into the French Service, 
where they will have all possible Encouragement given 
them. 

Fourthly, The Fishery being a great Nursery of Seamen 
for his Majesty's Navy, the Destruction thereof must very 
much weaken the Naval Power of Great Britain. The 
Fishery in this Province alone employs near three Thousand 
Seamen, allowing only seven Men to a Vessel, the Vessels 
employed in carrying the merchantable Fish to Europe, are 
about fifty Sail at eight Men to a Vessel is 400; the Vessels 
employed in the West-India Trade are about 300 Sail; by 
the Custom House Books it appears that there was cleared 
out for the West-India Islands at the Ports of Boston and 
Salem, from January 1762 to January 1763, 266 Sail of Ves- 
sels; suppose only one half of these went to the foreign Is- 
lands, that is, 133 from these two Ports, and only 27 from 
Newbury and Casco Bay, which will make 160 at 8 Men to 
a Vessel is 1280; so that in the whole there will be near 5000 
Seamen immediately turned out of Employ. From this 
Nursery of Seamen his Majesty's Ships on this Station, and 
in the West-Indies have often been supplied with Men in a 
Time of War; by which our Trade and Fishery have some- 
times been greatly distressed; particularly the Squadron 
employed in the Reduction of Louisbourg and Quebec, 



STATEMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS. 267 

Upon application from Admiral Saunders were supplied with 
upwards of 500 Seamen, who were inlisted at Boston, to 
serve in that Expedition, and sent on board the Fleet then 
lying at Hallifax; besides which two Armed Vessels were 
fitted out at the Expence of this Government, for the Pro- 
tection of our Coast, and manned out of the Fishermen; not- 
withstanding all which a Number were impressed out of the 
Vessels on the Banks, which obliged many to return with- 
out their Fairs, and by this means our Fishery was reduced 
one third during the late War. 

Fifthly, The Destruction of the Fishery will be very 
prejudicial to the Trade of Great-Britain, by lessening the 
Demand for her Manufactures, (of which that Branch of 
Business occasions a very large Consumption.) The Imports 
into Great-Britain from the Sugar Islands may appear more 
considerable than the Imports from the Northern Colonies; 
but the Exports of the Manufactures of Great-Britain to the 
Northern Colonies (on which the Wealth of the Nation so 
much depends) exceed those to the Sugar Islands vastly 
more than their Imports exceed ours; the Planters in the 
West-Indies soon get Estates, leave their Plantations and 
retire; the Inhabitants of the Northern Colonies are not 
able by their Trade and Industry to procure Estates suffi- 
cient to retire; therefore are obliged to remain in this cold 
climate, where they consume more of the Manufactures of 
Great Britain, than the Sugar Planters have Occasion for, 
and their consuming these Manufactures in the Colonies is 
more beneficial to Great-Britain than their going Home 
would be in Order to consume the same Quantity there. 

The whole Produce of our Fishery, tho' not immediately 
sent to Great-Britain, finally centers there, by Means of our 
other Trade, which in a great Measure depends on this; so 
that the Importation of Goods from England into this 
Province, will thereby be lessened very near, if not the 
whole Amount of our Fishery, being ^164,466 Sterling 
per Annum, as appears by the following Estimate of the 
Fish caught, and exported from hence. Viz* 



268 FITCH PAPERS. 

300 Vessels in the Cod-Fishery which caught last year by 
the Accounts taken from the Fishing Towns 240,059 
Quintals, Viz' 
102,265 Quintals fit for the European markets 

at 12/^ Quint ^61359 

i37»794 Quintals for the West India Market 9/ 62007 6 
90 Mackrel Vessels at 200 Barrels each is 18000 

Barrels 18/ 16200 

Shad, Alewives, and other pickled Fish 1000 

Barrels 10/ 5000 

West-India Cod-Fish from Nova-Scotia & New- 
foundland in Return for Provisions, Rum, 
Sugar & Molasses loooo 

12 Barrels of Oyl to each Banker is 3600 Bar- 
rels 30/ 5400 
15,000 Hogsheads for Packing the West-India 

Fish 6/ 4500 

^164,466 6 
The Exports of Fish to the West-Indies may be proved 
by the Custom House Books, where it will appear, that 
from January 1762, to January 1763, there was entered for 
Exportation at the two Ports of Boston and Salem 14891 
Hogsheads, and 2614 Quintals, equal to 330 Hogsheads, and 
makes in all 15 231 Hogsheads of Fish of about eight 
Quintals each. 

Sixthly, The Destruction of the Fishery will not only 
lessen the Importation of Goods from Great-Britain, but 
must greatly prejudice the whole Trade of the Province. 
The Trade to the foreign Islands is become very considera- 
ble: Surinam, and the other Dutch Settlements, are wholly 
supplied with Provisions, Fish, Lumber, Horses, Onions 
and other Articles exported from the Northern Colonies; 
for which we receive Molasses in Return; this is distilled 
into Rum for the Fishery, and to export to the Southern 
Colonies for Naval Stores, which we send to Great-Britain, 
and for Grain; and to Africa to purchase Slaves for our 
own Islands in the West Indies: If this Trade is destroyed, 
the Distillery on the Continent must be broke up, as all our 



STATEMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS. 269 

own Islands do not export Molasses sufficient to supply the 
Northern Colonies with Beer. The annual Supply of Rum 
and Molasses for this Province alone, including the Whale, 
Cod and Mackrel Fishery amounts to near 9000 Hogsheads; 
besides which we export to the Southern Colonies upwards 
of 3000 Hogsheads to Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland about 
1300 Hogsheads, and to Africa about 1700 Hogsheads, which 
amounts to upwards of 6000 Hogsheads exported; so that 
the whole Demand for this Province amounts to about 15000 
Hogsheads per Annum of 100 Gallons each. It is said by 
the Planters in the West-Indies that they can supply us 
with Rum and Molasses for the Fishery, and our own Con- 
sumption, and that there is no Occasion for any Distillers 
in the Northern Colonies: To which it may be answered; 
First, That they are not capable of supplying us with all 
the Rum and Molasses we want; It appears by the Entries 
at the Custom House, that from January 1762, to January 
1763, there was entered at Boston and Salem, from the 
Conquered Islands upwards of 7000 Hogsheads of Molasses; 
whereas from our own Islands were entered only 406 Hogs- 
heads of Rum, and 424 Hogsheads of Molasses, 412 of 
which were from Jamaica, and only 12 from all the other 
Islands. Secondly, That the Price of Rum at our own 
Islands for many Years past, has been and now is, so high, 
that the Fishermen can't afford to purchase it, nor do they 
make Use of any but what is distilled here; should we be 
obliged to take all our Supply from them, the Price would 
immediately advance more than double. Thirdly, The 
Demand of the Northern Colonies for Molasses is at present 
so great, that the Price of it in our Islands would soon be 
equal to the Price of Rum; and from the natural Increase 
of Inhabitants on the Continent, our Demands would soon 
render that Article too dear for the poorer Sort to purchase 
only as a Medicine. Fourthly, Molasses is distilled here 
into Rum 50 per Cent cheaper than in the West-Indies, 
which is a very great Advantage to the Fishery, and we are 
hereby enabled to supply the Southern Colonies, and save 
our Money to send to Great-Britain, which otherwise must 



270 FITCH PAPERS. 

go to those Colonies for Grain : We are able also to export 
large Quantities to Africa, in Return for which we receive 
Slaves and Gold Dust, and likewise to supply the Fishery 
at Newfoundland, so that the Distillery here is become very 
necessary, not only for our Fishery, but for our other Trade 
too, and has been a very considerable Branch of Business, 
which we cannot do without; Rum, Sugar and Molasses are 
become so necessary by being universally used among the 
Lumbermen, Tradesmen, and all Sorts of Labourers, that 
advancing the Price of those Articles, must greatly inhaunce 
the Price of Lumber, and Ship-Building, by which large 
Remittances are made to Great-Britain ; and this will be a 
further Discouragement to the English Trade. In short, 
as Necessity is the Mother of Invention, the People will be 
driven into Manufactures for their Support, which they will 
never think of while they can maintain themselves by Trade. 
Seventhly, The Destruction of the Fishery will be the 
Ruin of those concerned in that Business, and that are de- 
pendent on it. The Fishing Vessels which cost upwards of 
;^ 1 00, 000 Sterling, more than one half of which was supplied 
from Great-Britain, will thereby be rendered useless, and of 
little or no Value ; consequently a Loss to near that Amount 
must ensue to the Owners. The Merchants concern'd in 
shipping the Fish to Europe, and the West-Indies will be 
great Sufferers by their Vessels being reduced in their 
Value for want of Employ. The Tradesmen of all Sorts in 
the Fishing Towns, will be reduced to Beggary, as their 
whole Support depends on the Fishery; nor will the Dis- 
tress end here; the Tradesmen in the Country Towns will 
be greatly affected, particularly the Coopers who will lose 

the making of Lawfull Money 

5000 Barrels for Oyl, Blubber, and Fishermens 

Water Cask at 3/6 ^875 

18,000 Barrels used for Mackrel and other pickled 

Fish 3/ 2700 

10,000 Hogsheads and Barrels used for Rum, as the 

Distillery will be broke up with the Fishery 10/ 5000 
10,000 Shook Hogsheads sent to the foreign Islands 

for Molasses 4/ 2000 



STATEMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS. 27 1 

200,000 Hoops to make up the Molasses Hogsheads 

70/ 700 

The Tanner and Shoemaker will lose the Sale of 

2000 Pair of Boots and Barvils 2000 

The Farmer will likewise be affected, as each Bank- 
er carries 6 Barrels of Pork, each Mackrel Ves- 
sel 4, which makes 2160 Barrels of Pork at 80/ 
besides what the Vessels use that are employed 
in carrying off the Fish, which is at least 500 
Barrels of Pork at 80/ and 500 Barrels of Beef 
at 40/ 1 1 640 

5000 Quintals of Bread for the Fishermen, besides 

what is used in their Families 20/ 5000 

1000 Bushels of Beans and Pease, besides Butter, 

Cheese, Roots &c 8/ 400 



Lawfull Money ^30315 
The whole amounting to ^30,315 per Annum; besides 
the Lumber, Horses, Provisions and other Commodities 
sent to the foreign Islands as Cargoes. 

Eighthly, The Sugar Act, if put in Execution, will 
greatly Affect the Kmg's Revenue, by lessening the Im- 
portation of Rum and Sugar into Great-Britain. The Duties 
paid upon Rum, it is said, amount to upwards of ;j^5o,ooo 
Sterling per Annum ; this will be wholly lost to the Crown, 
as the Northern Colonies will take all the Rum our Islands 
can make; consequently none can be shipped to Great- 
Britain ; they will likewise want a great Proportion of their 
Sugars; and in a few Years, should our Numbers increase 
in Proportion to what they have done for a Century past, 
the whole Produce of the Islands we at present possess, 
will not exceed the Demand for this Continent; the Con- 
sumption at present is computed to be about 15,000 Hogs- 
heads of one Thousand Pounds each, the Duties on which if 
imported into Great-Britain, would amount to upwards of 
_;^3o,ooo Sterling per annum. 

Ninthly, This Act was procured by the Interest of the 
West-India Planters, with no other View than to enrich 
themselves, by obliging the northern Colonies to take their 



272 FITCH PAPERS. 

whole Supply from them ; and they still endeavour the Con- 
tinuance of it under a Pretence, that they can supply Great- 
Britain and all her Colonies with West-India Goods, which 
is perfectly chimerical: Take their own Accounts of the 
Exportation of their Produce from their several Islands, 
(which by the way, from some would be one half more than 
is really their own Produce, it being foreign Produce run 
among them, and then cleared out as English,) then take 
the natural Demand of Great-Britain for their Sugar, and 
the Demand of the Colonies for Rum, Sugar and Molasses; 
and it will appear that their Produce is by no Means sufficient 
to supply even the bare Necessities of the English. If the 
Demand for Rum and Molasses in the Southern Colonies is 
in any Proportion to that of this Province, it will still further 
surmount the Exportation of Molasses from our Islands; & 
such a large proportion of their Sugar must be brought this 
Way for our Supply as would raise the Price so much in 
Great-Britain, that they would soon feel the unhappy Effects 
of it. The Planters in our Islands have no Reason to com- 
plain of our Trade to the foreign Islands, as it can be made 
to appear by examining of Original Accompts of Sales of 
our Goods, and Invoices, shipped from their Islands for 
twenty years before the French War in 1744, that our Goods 
sold from 20 to 30 per Cent higher, and their Goods were 
sold us from 30 to 50 per Cent cheaper than since the Peace 
in 1748. The Increase of our Lumber Business and Fishery 
has been such, that by exporting to them such large Quan- 
tities of these Commodities, they do not sell for more than 
their Prime Cost, and so many of our Vessels going to their 
Islands, has occasioned the Rise of their Goods near double. 
The general Course of our Trade to the West Indies, 
has been this, our Vessels (except those bound to Surinam 
and some that go directly to Jamaica) call at Barbadoes to 
try their Markets, from thence they proceed to Antigua, 
Nevis and S' Kitts, and in Case they meet with a tolerable 
Market at either of those Islands, they always embrace it; 
if not they then proceed, some to Jamaica, others to S' 
Eustatius and the other foreign Islands, where they dis- 



STATEMENT OF MASSACHUSETTS. 273 

pose of their Cargoes which our own Islands do not want, 
being already overstock'd with those Commodities. But a 
further Proof that the Trade is in their Favour is this; for- 
merly when our Goods fetch'd a Price with them, and their 
Produce did not vend quick; they owned and sent Vessells 
with their Produce to sell among us, and took our Produce 
in Pay; but this is not the Case now; for where one Vessel 
owned in the West-Indies comes to us, we send an hundred 
Sail to them, which plainly shows, that they do not want 
our Goods, so much as we do to sell them, nor to vend their 
own so much as we do to buy ; their Navigation is otherwise 
employed; they take our Fish and other Commodities, dis- 
pose of them among the French, and pay us in the Return 
of those Goods only shifted into English Cask at loo per 
Cent Advance. 

Upon the whole. It is plain that our Islands are able 
neither to supply us with what we want from them nor to 
take from us what Lumber and Fish we are obliged to ex- 
port: And they will be still less able to do either; for our 
Demands will be growing faster than their Produce, and 
our Fishery which has been increasing, will continue still 
to increase, if not obstructed, while their Demands have 
not increased in any Proportion, and never can. 

Boston December 1763 
The Advocates for our Sugar Islands alledge that the 
Supplys the foreign Islands receive from us by our Trade 
with them are of great Advantage to them in carrying on 
their Works and supporting their Slaves, and that they are 
hereby enabled [ ] easily to send their Sugar to mar- 

ket and to become our Rivals in that Trade. If this was 
really the Case, the French Government would certainly 
permitt and even encourage our Trade with their Islands, 
but they are so far from doing this, that they have laid a 
Prohibition on it, & thrown so many discouragements in the 
Way, that it is with difficulty and oftentimes with consider- 
able Hazard, that it is carry'd on at all. 



274 FITCH PAPERS. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

We Your Honour's Coinittee appointed to take into 
Consideration Two letters laid before this Assembly by his 
Honor The Governor One from the R* Hon^ie the Earl of 
Halifax, dated Octob 19. 1763 Signifying that his Majesty 
has Judged it Necessary to require the Assistance of Such 
of his Colonies, as are most interested by their Situation, or 
most able by their circumstances to Contribute to the gen- 
eral purposes of Defence & of Anoyance of the Savages. 
The Other from his Excellency Thos Gage Esqf Comander 
in Chief of his Majesty's forces in North America, dated 
deer 6' 1763. Signifying his requisition of five hundred Men 
from this Colony for the service of the Next Year, and 
therein setting forth the proceedings of S^ Jei^ery Amherst 
during the Time he continued in the Chief Comand and the 
Requisition laid before the Assembly of New York and Their 
Thoughts that it is Reasonable that the New England Gov- 
ernments should be called upon to Assist in the Manner 
practised during the late War. 

Take Leave to report our Considerations, & Opinion 
Thereon as follows. That Considering the Delawares and 
Shawanesse & Other Tribes on that Side, Who seem to 
have been generally the most inveterate, are very remote 
from hence, and that Sir Jeffry Amherst hath required a 
Number of Men of the Southward Provinces Sufficient to 
Chatise those Indians, And hearing that some of the prin- 
cipal other Tribes concerned have proposed Terms of Peace 
& submission to his Majesty, Which altho' not concluded 
yet affords a hopeful prospect, And That The Indians of the 
Six Nations, who lye Nearest to us, and contiguous to the 
Government of New York have not Joyn'd in the War 
against the English. 

We apprehend that by our Situation, we are but very 
remotely insterested, Which also is such as renders it very 
difficult to Assist & Carry our Men against any of the 
Indians which have made their Incursions on the English, 
and That Our Circumstances & Abilities are Such as do not 
Enable us thereto, Our Exertions during the late time of 



MEMORIAL TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 275 

War hath bro't this Colony, greatly in debt for Money now 
On Interest, and That We can't find means for raising Men, 
but by Emission of Bills of Credit of this Colony On Interest 
Which must very much distress our people to sink & dis- 
charge, Considering the great Load of public & private 
Debts which now lye on the Inhabitants. 

For Which Reasons, We are of Opinion, That it is not 
at this present time Expedient to raise Men in this Colony, 
for the purposes before mentioned. All which is humbly 
Submitted by Us 

Signed ^ Order 

Eben^ Silliman 
New Haven Jan'y 19th 1764 

In the upper House 

The foregoing Report of the Comtek is accepted and 
approved And a Bill in fform ordered to be bro' in accord- 
ingly 

Test George Wyllys Secret 

Concurred in the Lower House 

Test Abr"^ Davenport Clerk 



MEMORIAL TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

To the Honi Geni Assembly of the Colony of Connecti- 
cut now Sitting at New Haven 

The Memorial of Jared IngersoU in behalf of Gurdon 
Saltonstall Esq"" & others Merchants & Traders in this Col- 
ony Humbly Sheweth, that his Majesty has been pleased of 
late to Inforce the Execution of the Sugar Act So Called in 
these parts of his Dominions which it is generally Supposed 
by persons Acquainted with the Trade of the Northern 
Colonies will very much Distress the Inhabitants of the 
Said Northern Colonies, & that without Serving the Essen- 
tial Interests of ye Mother Country, and as the Said Sugar 
Act Expires about this time & will probably be again re- 
vived unless prevented by a Seasonable remonstrance on 
the part of the Northern Colonies, And the Merchants and 
Even Legislative Bodies of Neighbouring Provinces having 



276 FITCH PAPERS. 

as yr Memt is advised, Determined to make Such Repre- 
sentations as shall be thought proper upon this matter afor'i 
to the British Parliament, y Mem* Humbly prays that your 
Hons will be pleased to Nominate & Appoint Some persons 
on behalf of this Colony to Collect & transmit to the Agent 
of this Colony to be by him made use of as he Shall Judge 
best, Such materials, Documents and Informations relative 
to the matter afor^ as they shall be able to procure & shall 
think of Use & Consequence to be transmitted, or in Some 
other way Evinces y Paternal Care in this matter as yf 
Hons Shall in yr Wisdom think fit & y Mem' as in Duty 
bound shall Ever pray 

J Ingersall 
Dated at N Haven Janv ye 20th 1764. 



THOMAS FITCH TO THOMAS GAGE. 

Extract of a Letter from the Honorable Governor Fitch, 
to his Excellency, The Honorable Major General Gage. 
Dated Norwalk 30'^^ January 1764. 
Sir 

"Immediately after recieving your last letter of the 3^ 
Ins* with that from the Earl of Halifax transmitted by you, 
I gave Orders for the Assembly to meet, which met accord- 
ingly on the iS'h of this Month; I expected to have been 
able to have acquainted you with their final determination 
on the subject of your Requisition, but the Assembly con- 
sidering that the Shawnese and Delawares, and other Tribes 
of Indians, on that side, who seem to have been most invet- 
erate against the English, would be chastised by the Men, 
whom Sir Jeffery Amherst had required of the Southward 
provinces to act towards the Ohio; and hearing that some of 
the principal other Tribes, have proposed terms of peace 
and Submission to his Majesty, which altho' not concluded 
Affords a hopefull prospect; considering also, that the Six 
Nations, have not joined in the War against the English, 
and our Remoteness as to Situation, and our present inabil- 
ity as to Circumstances, occasioned by the heavy load of 



REMARKS ON THE TRADE OF THE COLONY. 277 

Debts, publick and private, incurred during the late War; 
They have as yet, not concluded to raise Men, for the pur- 
pose mentioned in your Letter; But, as these Matters may 
further open, and appear in a different light, the Assembly 
on much Deliberation has referred the Consideration of 
them, to their Sessions on the 8*^ of March, to which time it 
is adjourned. When they suppose, in case, it shall be deter- 
mined to raise Men, they can raise them soon enough to 
proceed on the intended Service, considering the difficulty, 
that must attend their March, Earlier in the Spring, when 
the Seasons are cold, moist, and unhealthy, for men to lay 
abroad in." 

[Indorsed.] Extract of a Letter from the HonWe Governor 
Fitch, to His Excv The Honbie Majr General Gage In 
Majr Geni Gage's, of the nth FeVy 1764.* Informing 
that the Assembly of Connecticut had adjourned the 
Consideration of the Requisition for Men made them 
by the E. of Halifax. 

REMARKS ON THE TRADE OF THE COLONY. 

As the Sugar Act comonly so cal'd expires this Winter, 
its the Interest of the Northern Colonies to use their best 
Endeavours to prevent its being revived. 

The Trade of the Colony of Connecticut consists in 
Shipbuilding for this & the neighbouring Provinces, and 
Exportation of Beef, Pork, Wheat, Indian Corn, Oats, Rye, 
Pease, Beans, Onions, Tobacco, Rum, Sugar & Molasses to 
s'l neighbours Provinces to pay for British Manufactures 
bought of them for the Consumption of the Inhabitants of 
the Colonys and to purchase Codfish, Mackrel, and Oyle, for 
the West India Market. Also in exporting Horses, Cattle, 
Sheep, Hoggs, Boards, Plank, Hoops, Staves, Beef, Pork, 
Bread, Flouer, Indian Corn, Pease, Beans, Onions, Codfish, 
Mackrel, Shad, Menhaden, Elwives & Oyle to the English 
& Foreign Ports in the West Indies. And Rum distild here 



*Gage refers to the enclosure thus : "|As Connecticut has taken the lead in 
this Resolve its to be feared the rest of the Eastern goverments will take resolu- 
tions of the like nature." 



278 FITCH PAPERS. 

to Africa to purchase Slaves for the West India Market, for 
all which we receive Rum, Sugar, & Molasses in Return. 

Should the s<i Sugar Act be reviv'd & put in full Exe- 
cution, it will amount to a total prohibition of the Northern 
Colonies suplying any Foreign Port in the West Indies with 
those Articles, & the English Islands must consiquently be 
the only purchasers. And when the Exportation from Can- 
ada & East & West Florida, of the above-mentioned Articles 
to the English West India Islands, are added to those of 
the Northern Colonies, the supply will be vastly more than 
those Islands have a demand for, & will not sell for Prime 
Cost Unless the Islands export them to the Foreign Ports, & 
purchase Sugar & Molasses, & import those Articles into s<i 
Islands & sell them as English produce, to the Traders from 
the Northern Colonies at 100 ^C Advance, Which has 
been Notoriously the case in some of the Islands & is un- 
doubtedly one reason why, the West India Gentlemen have 
so much labour'd to have the Sugar Act continued, from 
time to time. 

If the Trade from the Northern Colonies to Forreign 
Ports in the West Indies is prohibited, no one will deny that 
the French will open a Trade to Missisipi and Increase their 
Fishery, to Supply the French as well as the Spanish Dutch 
& Danish West Indies, with all the Articles they have here- 
tofore been supply'd with from the Northern Colonies. The 
many & great Advantages arising thereby to the French & 
disadvantages to the British Nation are so manifest that 
they need not be mentioned. 

The Number of Inhabitants in the Northern Colonies 
when compared to the Inhabitants of the English West India 
Islands, are supos'd to be in proportion as Twenty to One, 
& notwithstanding the great superiority of the Northern 
Colonies in Number, they have not One Member in the 
British Parliament and the West India Islands have Fifty 
Six. Can this difference proceed from the Poverty of the 
Proprietors of the Sugar Islands, or from their Affluence, 
which solely arises from the Produce of their Sugar Planta- 
tions. If from the latter, can it be for the Interest of Great 



THOMAS FITCH. 279 

Brittain that an Act of Parliament should be revivd to in- 
crease the Proffits ariseing to the Proprietors of the English 
Sugar Islands (already greater than any Land Holders in 
the Kings Dominons) when the damage will be so amaze- 
ingly great to the Northern Colonies (impoverishd by the 
expence of the late Warr with France & Spain which Ex- 
pence the Kings Subjects in the West Indies have been 
freed from) that it will leave at least one half their Naviga- 
tion & Seamen unimploy'd, the demand for Shipbuilding 
will cease, the Land Holders, & Tradesmen be discourag'd, 
prevent the large importation of British Manufactures, & 
render the Colonies unable to pay their Debts already con- 
tracted in Great Britain 

New London Janv 1764. 

RICHARD JACKSON TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
[Richard Jackson wrote on March 10, 1764, to the 
Colony of Connecticut, or possibly to Governor Thomas 
Fitch, asking whether he should charge and draw his salary 
from the time he received his commission of agency or from 
the time when Jared Ingersoll, the Colony's late agent, left 
England. He also wrote of the proposed action relative to 
creating a revenue in America by means of stamp duties. 
Colon ial Records, XII. 255,256.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO EARL OF HALIFAX. 

NoRWALK 23d March 1764 
My Lord 

Your Letter of the 19th of Octobf 1763 as soon as possi- 
ble after it came to Hand I laid before the General Assembly 
of the Colony of Connecticut and Recommeded to them a 
Compliance with the Kings Commands and am now to Ac- 
quaint your Lordship that the Assembly Altho they appre- 
hend this Colony is not to be accounted among Such as are 
most Interested by their Situation or most Able by their 
Circumstances (it being at present greatly involved by pub- 
lic and Private Debts incurred during the late War) and 
altho the Indian War bares now no appearance of becoming 



28o FITCH PAPERS. 

general but there appears Some hopeful Prospect of a Peace 
with them yet have made Provision for Raising two hundred 
and Sixty five Men to Contribute to the General Purposes of 
Defence and of Annoyance of the Savages and doubt not the 
Assembly will be Disposed in Case the War Shall again 
bare the Appearance of becoming General and more men 
Shall be wanted to Accomplish his Majestys Intentions, to 
Exert themselves according as the Exigency of the Case 
shall appear to Require 

I am my Lord with the highest 

Esteem and Regard your Lordships 

most Obedient and most humble Serv* 
THQS FITCH. 
The Right Hon^e the Earl of Halifax one of his Majes- 
tys Principal Sec" of State 
[Indorsed] Letter to the Earl of Halifax 23d March 1764. 



COMMISSIONERS OF CUSTOMS TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Sir, 

Having by the inclosed to M"" Temple Surveyor General 
of the Northern Part of the Continent of America acquainted 
him, that we have, pursuant to a Warrant from the Treas- 
ury, issued our Deputation to M*" Duncan Stewart to be 
Collector of the Customs at New London in Connecticut, in 
the Room of Joseph Hull deceased, and he having given 
Security here for the faithfull Discharge of his Duty, We de- 
sire the Favour of you, in Case of M^ Temple's Absence, to 
admit M^" Stewart to the said Employ on his taking the 
Oaths enjoyned by Law, and grant him a Certificate thereof 
to be transmitted to us. 

We are, Sir, 

your very humble servants 
SL MEAD. 
EDWD HOOPER 
J PENNINGTON 
H PELHAM 
Customhouse London 12 April 1764. 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS. 281 

H. H. 

Governor of Connecticut. 
[Superscribed] To The Honrbie The Governour of the Colony 

of Connecticut New England 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Commissrs of the Customs 24th 

April 1764 Reed i^th September 1764 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall May ii'h 1764. 
Gentlemen^ 

We send you herewith a Copy of an Address from the 
House of Commons to His Majesty of the 5th of the last 
Month, and desire you will forthwith prepare and transmit 
to us as soon as possible the Account therein required, that 
the same may be laid before that House the next meeting of 
Parliament. 

So we bid you heartily farewell, and are, 
Your very loving Friends 

and humble Servants, 

HILLSBOROUGH 
SOAME JENYNS 
ED: ELIOT 
ED BACON 
ORWELL 
J. DYSON 

BAMBER GASCOYNE 
Governor and Company of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Lords &c for Trade &c 11 '^ May 
1764. Rec<i 3d July 1764 

RESOLVE OF HOUSE OF COMMONS. 

House of Commons 5'^ April 1764. 

Resolved, 

That an humble Address be presented to His 
Majesty, that He will be graciously pleased to give direc- 
tions to the Commissioners of Trade and Plantations, to 



282 FITCH PAPERS. 

prepare, in order to be laid before this House, the next Ses- 
sion of Parliament, an Account of the Tender & Amount of 
the Bills of Credit, which have been created and issued in 
the several British Colonies and Plantations in America, as 
well those under Proprietors and Charters, as under His 
Majesty's immediate Commission and Government, since 
Janry 1749, distinguishing the Amount of the same in each 
Colony and Plantation, and the respective time when such 
Bills were issued, with the amount of the said Bills in 
Money of Great Britain, both at the time when such Bills 
were issued, and at the time of preparing the said Account, 
and also the Times fixed for the calling in, sinking and dis- 
charging such Bills, and the Funds appropriated for that 
purpose. 

[Indorsed] Copy of Resolve of the House of Commons 
Respecting Paper Bills or Bills of Credit &c. 

COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

[The Commissioners for Trade and Plantations wrote, 
under date of May 11, 1764, a second letter to the Colony 
of Connecticut inclosing a list of titles of several Acts of 
Parliament passed at the last session with the several printed 
copies of those Acts. Among them was probably the 
famous "Molasses Act," so called. See letter of Nov. 14, 
1764, from Fitch to the Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations.] 

LIST OF ACTS OF PARLIAMENT. 

List of the Titles of seven Acts passed in the last Ses- 
sion of Parliament. 

An Act for granting certain Duties in the British Colo- 
nies and Plantations in America; for continuing, amending 
& making perpetual, an Act pass'd in the sixth year of the 
Reign of His late Majesty King George the Second, (in- 
tituled an Act for the better securing and encouraging the 
Trade of His Majesty's Sugar Colonies in America) ; for 



LIST OF ACTS OF PARLIAMENT. 283 

applying- the produce of such Duties and of the Duties to 
arise by Virtue of the said Act, towards defraying the Ex- 
pences of defending, protecting and securing the said Colo- 
nies and Plantations; for explaining an Act made in the 
Twenty fifth year of the Reign of King Charles the second, 
(intituled an Act for the Encouragement of the Greenland 
and Eastland Trade and for the better securing the Planta- 
tion Trade), and for altering and disallowing several Draw- 
backs on Exports from this Kingdom, and more effectually 
preventing the Clandestine Conveyance of Goods to & from 
the said Colonies and Plantations & improving & securing 
the Trade between the same and Great Britain. 

An Act to prevent paper Bills of Credit, hereafter to 
be issued in any of His Majesty's Colonies or Plantations in 
America, from being declared to be a legal tender in pay- 
ments of money ; and to prevent the legal Tender of such 
Bills as are now subsisting, from being prolonged beyond 
the Periods limited for calling in & sinking the same. 

An Act for granting a Bounty upon the Importation of 
Hemp, and rough and undressed Flax, from His Majesty's 
Colonies in America. 

An Act for the encouragement of the Whale Fishery in 
the Guelph and River of S' Lawrence, and on the Coasts of 
His Majesty's Colonies in America. 

An Act for repealing the Duties now payable upon 
Bever Skins imported, & for granting other Duties in lieu 
thereof, and for granting certain Duties upon the Exporta- 
tion of Bever Skins & Bever Wool; and for taking off the 
Drawback allowed on the exportation of such Skins. 

An Act for vesting the Fort of Senegal, and its Depend- 
encies, in the Company of Merchants trading to Africa 

An Act for preventing Frauds and Abuses in relation 
to the sending and receiving of Letters and Packets free 
from the Duty of Postage 
[Indorsed] List of the Titles of Several Acts of Parliament 

passed last Sessions sent by the Board of Trade Rec^ 

3d July 1764. 



284 FITCH PAPERS. 

THOMAS FITCH TO RICHARD JACKSON. 
[At the General Assembly held in May 1764, the gov- 
ernor was desired to acquaint Richard Jackson that, although 
he had not expected his salary as agent to commence until 
the time of Jared Ingersoll's leaving the business of the 
agency, yet, being sensible of the good services rendered 
the Colony by him, the Assembly are desirous he should 
charge his salary from the time he received his commission. 
May 30, 1760. Colonial Records^ XII. 255.] 

COMMITTEE OF MASSACHUSETTS HOUSE OF 
REPRESENTATIVES TO THOMAS FITCH (?) 

Boston June 25th 1764. 
Sir, 

The House of Representatives of his Majesty's Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay at the Session of the General As- 
sembly in May last, being informed of the late Act of Par- 
liament relating to the Sugar Trade with the foreign Colo- 
nies, and the Resolutions of the House of Commons relating 
to the Stamp Duties and other Taxes proposed to be laid on 
the British Colonies, were humbly of Opinion, that those 
Measures have a Tendency to deprive the Colonists of some 
of their most essential Rights as British Subjects and as 
Men, particularly the Right of assessing their own Taxes, 
and being free from any Impositions but such as they con- 
sent to by themselves or Representatives. 

Our Agent informs us that in a Conference he had with 
Mr Greenville on these Subjects, he was told that the Min- 
istry were desirous of consulting the Ease, the Quiet and 
Goodwill of the Colonies. 

Such Expressions induce us to hope that there is noth- 
ing punitive in these Measures, and that humble dutiful 
Remonstrances may yet have their Effect. But if while 
these Things are thus publickly handled no Claim is made, 
no Remonstrance preferred on the Part of the Colonies, such 
Silence must be interpreted a tacit Cession of their Rights 
and an humble Acquiescence under all their Burdens. 



EARL OF HALIFAX. 285 

The House have wrote fully upon this Subject to the 
Agent of this Province, and directed him to remonstrate 
against these Measures, and to endeavour a Repeal of said 
Act, and if possible to prevent the Imposition of any further 
Duties and Taxes on the Colonies. For this Purpose they 
were desirous of the united Assistance of the several Colo- 
nies in a Petition against such formidable Attacks upon what 
they conceive to be the inseparable Rights of British Sub- 
jects; and that the Agents of the several Colonies might be 
directed by the Representatives of the People on the Conti- 
nent of North America to unite in the most serious Remon- 
strance against measures so destructive of the Liberty, the 
Commerce and Property of the Colonists, and in their Ten- 
dency so pernicious to the real Interest of Great Britain. 

The House have done us the Honour to appoint us a 
committee in the Recess of the General Court to inform the 
several Houses of Representatives of this Continent of their 
Desires; and we do ourselves the Honour to subscribe 
ourselves, 

Your most 

Humble Servants 
JAMES OTIS 
THOMAS GUSHING 
OXENBRIDGE THACHER 
THOMAS GRAY 
EDW SHEAFFE 

EARL OF HALIFAX TO THOMAS FITCH. 

S*: James's, July 14th 1764. 
Sir, 

I send You herewith, by The King's Command, the 
Copy of a Letter, which I have lately receiv'd from His Ex^y 
The Spanish Ambassador, complaining, by Order of his 
Court, of several Violences committed against the Subjects 
of His Catholick Majesty by some English Pirates, or 
Privateers in The West Indies. And I am to signify to you 
His Majesty's Pleasure, that you make all possible Inquiry 
concerning all Vessels which may arrive within your Gov- 



286 FITCH PAPERS. 

ernment from those Parts, in order to discover the Persons, 
who may have have been guilty of such Acts of Piracy, & 
in case of such Discovery, that you do your utmost to secure 
Them, & bring Them to Justice. 

And if any of the Persons concerned in the said Piratical 
Proceedings shall happen to be discovered & apprehended 
within your Governm' You will immediately transmit to me, 
for His Majesty's Information, an Account thereof, & of 
your Proceedings in consequence of such Discovery. 
I am, with great Truth & Regard, 

Sir, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

DUNK HALIFAX 
Governor of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Earl of Halifax 14th July 1764 
Reel 22<i Septembr 1764 

PRINCE MASSERAN TO EARL OF HALIFAX. 

Copie 

LoNDRES ce i8e Juiu 1764. 
Milord, 

Le Roi mon maitre a recu par une Lettre du Comte de 
Ricla, Gouvernour de la Havanne, datee du 5^ de Fevrier 
de cette annee la factieuse nouvelle de plusieurs Violences 
commises contre ses propres sujets, par quelques Corsaires 
anglois, qui subsistent encore armes dans ces Endroits la, 
comme en toms de Guerre; une Goleta, oii petit Batiment 
anglois, dont le nom du Cap^e nous est inconnu, donna 
chasse a un Batiment Espagnol commande par Salvador 
Buenavides, qui passoit du Port de la Trinite a Puerto 
Principe fit entrer son monde a bord du Batiment Espagnol, 
le visita, traita fort mal la Tripulation, & s'empara par force 
d'un Criminel qui alloit etre delivr6 entre les mains du 
Commandant du Puerto Principe par ordre du Cap^e de 
Guerre, qui commande dans la Ville de la Trinite. 

Jean Bishag, anglois, Cap^e d'une Balandre anglois dont 
la Cargaison appartenoit a Manual Ravelo Espagnol, *com- 

*The duplicate in the Massachusetts Historical Society here inserts " entra 
pas force dans une Balandre Espagnole " 



EARL OF HALIFAX. 287 

mandee par Nicolas Bonora, qui alloit avec la permission 
necessaire charger du Tabac au Port de Majorvi & etoit 
actuelleinont dans celui de las neuvitas dans la meme Isle 
de Cuba, s'en rendit maitre par la Voie des armes, & malgre 
les Remonstrances faites par les Interesses dans la Cargai- 
son, s'en empara en donnant un recu de ce qu'ie avoit pris. 

quoique Le Comte de Ricla a ecrit sur tout cela au 
Gouvernr anglois de la Providence, Le Roi mon maitre, me 
charge d'en informer Le Roi de la Grande Bretagne, & Son 
ministere de ces actions si contraires a I'amitie, qui regne, 
et doit regner entre les deux nations, & il espere que S. M. 
Bretiue voudra bien expedier Ses ordres avec toute la 
Celerite possible pour faire cesser ces Violences, & pour 
contenir Ses Sujets dans les bornes de la moderation, qu'ils 
sont obliges d'observer. 

J'ai r honneur d'etre &c, 

Le Prince de MASSERAN 

S. E. Milord Dunk Halifax 
[Indorsed] Copy of a Letter from Prince Masseran to the 

Earl of Halifax i8th June 1764 



RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 
[Richard Jackson wrote on July 27, 1764, to Governor 
Thomas Fitch. It was probably in this letter that he ad- 
vised the governor to take the oath required by Parliament 
that he would as governor enforce the "Molasses Act. " See 
Fitch's letter to Jackson of Dec. 7, 1764.] 

EARL OF HALIFAX TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Duplicate 
St James's August ii'h 1764. 
Gentlemen^ 

It being of great Importance and Advantage to His 
Majesty's Service, and to the Commercial Interests, and 
general Convenience of His Majesty's Subjects in North 
America, that the Conveyance of Letters, by the Post, 



288 FITCH PAPERS. 

should be facilitated, and extended throughout the Colonies 
upon that extensive Continent, His Majesty's Post Master 
General, is concerting Measures for those Purposes. And 
as it cannot be doubted but the Legislatures of the several 
Colonies will readily and chearfully contribute to the Suc- 
cess of a Plan, from which they may expect to derive the 
Benefit of a regular, safe, and speedy Correspondence, I 
am commanded to signify to You His Majesty's Pleasure, 
that You should recommend it to the Assembly of the Col- 
ony under Your Government to provide for the Establish- 
ment of Ferries, and erecting proper Buildings on the 
Water Side, wherever the same may be found necessary, 
that the Posts may meet with no Delays or Interruptions in 
passing. 

His Majesty's Post Master General having also repre- 
sented that a Map of the Province under Your Government, 
with the present Course of the Posts throughout the same 
clearly markt out, would be of great Use to Him, in the 
present Undertaking; I am to desire that You will procure 
and transmit such a Map, together with a State of such 
alterations as You apprehend to be wanting for the better 
Regulation and Improvement of the said Posts, and You 
will give Your constant Aid and Support to the Post Mas- 
ters within Your Government in the Execution of their 
Office, which is so immediately calculated for the Publick 
Benefit. 

I am, with great Truth and Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant. 

DUNK HALIFAX 

Governor & Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Duplicate Letter from Earl of Halifax ii'h 

August 1764. Reed 24th Octob*" 1764 Concerning Post 

Office 



EARL OF HALIFAX. 289 

EARL OF HALIFAX TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

S"^ James's, August 11*^ 1764. 
Gcntlevien^ 

The House of Commons having, in the last Session of 
Parliament, come to a Resolution, by which it is declared 
that, towards defraying the necessary Expences of defend- 
ing, protecting and securing the British Colonies and Plan- 
tations in Ainerica, it may be proper to charge certain 
Stamp Duties in the said Colonies and Plantations, it is His 
Majesty's Pleasure, that You should transmit to me, without 
Delay, a List of all Instruments made Use of in publick 
Transactions, Law Proceedings, Grants, Conveyances, Se- 
curities of Land on Money, within your Government, with 
proper and sufficient Descriptions of the same, in order that 
if Parliament should think proper to pursue the Intention 
of the aforesaid Resolution, they may thereby be enabled 
to carry it into Execution in the most effectual aud least 
burthensome Manner. 

If You should be unable of Yourself to prepare a List 
of this kind with sufficient Accuracy, You will in such Case 
require the Assistance of the Principal Officer of the Law 
within Your Government, who is the proper Person to be 
consulted towards procuring the said Information in the 
Manner required. 

I am, with great Truth and Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

DUNK HALIFAX 

Governoi: and Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from Earl of Halifax 11*^ August 1764 

Rec^ 3'i Octobr concerning Stamp Duties. 

EARL OF HALIFAX TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Duplicate 
S''" James's, August ii'^ 1764. 
Gentlemen^ 

It is His Majesty Pleasure that you do constantly trans- 
mit to me every Information, which your utmost Diligence 

19 



290 FITCH PAPERS. 

& Attention can, from Time to Time, procure in relation to 
the illicit Trade, which may be carried on within your 
Government; to the Methods in which it is conducted; the 
Commodities in which it is concerned; and the Extent to 
which it is carried; the Means of preventing- the same; & 
the Conduct of the several Officers who are employed for 
that purpose: And whenever it shall that you have not been 
able to procure any Intelligence upon any of the Points 
above mentioned, You will take' Care to mention in your 
Dispatches, that you have no Informations of that sort to 
communicate. 

I am, with great Truth & Regard, 
Sir, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

DUNK HALIFAX 
To the Governor & Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Duplicate Letter from the Earl of Halifax ii'h 
of August 1764 Reed 24th Octc 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Richard Jackson wrote on August 13, 1764, to Govern- 
or Thomas Fitch. The contents of the letter are not 
known. It appears to have been forwarded to the governor 
by the hand of Col. Eliphalet Dyer. See Fitch's letter to 
Jackson of Dec. 7, 1764.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO RICHARD JACKSON. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote on September 22, 1764, 
to Richard Jackson, the Colonys agent in England. The 
contents of the letter are unknown. See Fitch's letter to 
Jackson of Dec. 7, 1764.] 

RHODE ISLAND GEx\ERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMITTEE 
TO GEORGE WYLLYS. 

Rhode Island October 8. 1764. 
Goitlevien^ 

We being appointed a Committee by the General Assem- 
bly of the Colony of Rhode Island, to correspond, confer. 



RHODE ISLAND GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMITTEE. 29I 

and consult, with any Committee or Committees, that are or 
shall be appointed by any of the British Colonies on the 
Continent; and in Concert with them, to prepare and form 
such Representations of the Condition of the Colonies, the 
Rights of the Inhabitants, and the Interests of Great Brit- 
ain as connected with them, as may be thought most likely 
to be effectual to remove or alleviate the Burthens, which 
the Colonists at present labor under, and to prevent new 
ones being added. 

The Impositions already laid on the Trade of these Col- 
onies, must have very fatal Consequences. The Act in 
Embrio for establishing Stamp Duties, if effected, will fur- 
ther drain the People, and Strongly point out their Servi- 
tude: And the Resolution of the House of Commons, (that 
they have a Right to tax the Colonies,) if carried into Exe- 
cution, will leave us Nothing to call our own. How far the 
united Endeavours of all the Colonies might tend to prevent 
those Evils, cannot be determined: But certainly it is worth 
their While to try every Means in their Power to preserve 
every Thing they have worth preserving. 

Zealous to do all we can in a Business of so much Im- 
portance, more especiallj^ as the Colony that employs us 
seems heartily disposed to exert its utmost Efforts to pre- 
serve its Priviledges inviolate, looking on this as the criti- 
cal Conjunction, when they must be effectually defended, or 
finally lost; we have given You the Trouble of this Address, 
desiring to be informed whether your Colony hath taken 
these Matters under Consideration ; and if it hath, what 
Methods have been thought of, as most conducive to bring 
them to a happy Issue. 

If all the Colonies were disposed to enter with Spirit 
into the Defence of their Liberties; if some Method could 
be hit upon for collecting the Sentiments of each Colony, 
and for uniting and forming the Substance of them into one 
common Defence of the whole, and this sent to England, 
and the several Agents directed to join together in pushing 
and pursuing it there in the properest and most effectual 
Manner, it might be the most probable Method to produce 
the End aimed at. 



292 FITCH PAPERS. 

However, as we do not pretend to prescribe Rules, 
but to receive Information, we hope to be excused for this 
Freedom, and that the Cause we are concerned in, and 
your Candor, will procure us your Pardon for this Trouble 
given by 

Gentlemen, your most obedient, and 
most Humble Servants 

STEP HOPKINS 
DANIEL JENCKES, 
NICH: BROWN 
George Wyllys Esq' &^* 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

To the Honbie General Assembly now Sitting at New 
Haven. 

We your Honours Com'ee Appointed to take into Con- 
sideration a Letter (Communicated to this Assembly by his 
Hour the Gov"") from the Earl of Halifax relative to Stamp 
Duties. 

Take leave to Report yt the following List be transmit- 
ted to the Earl of Halifax as Containing Such Instruments 
as are referred to in Said Letter. 

A Commission of y^ Chief Judge of the Sup^ Court 

Do one for the Assistant Judges 

Do one for Each Chief Judge of the County Court 

Do one Commission in Each County including all ye 
Justices of the Peace and Quorum and all Justices of the 
Peace in Said County 

Do one for Each Judge of Probate 

Do one for Each Sheriff 

Do one for Each Military Officer 

Do I for Sewers 

Summons 

Attachment 

Subpena for Witnesses 



*This letter was probably addressed to Wyllys because of his being secre- 
tary of the Colony. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE. 293 

Writ of Replevin 

Execution and 

Other Origi Writs Such as of Trespass Assault & Bat- 
tery Trover &c. which are longer or Shorter according to 
the Nature and Circumstances of the Case 

Deeds of Conveyance 

Bonds 

Promissory Notes 

Affidavits taken by Justices of Peace out of Court 

Bill of Lading 

Brief for Collecting Charity 

Certificate of a Degree in ye College 

Coppy of Court Records and other Records 

Contract 

Charty party 

Inventory 

Coppy of Do 

Will 

Coppy of Do 

Indenture 

Lease 

Letter of Attorny 

Letter of Administration 

Letters of Mark 

News paper 

Policy of Insurance 

Protest 

Distribution of Intestate Estates 

Almanack 

And we take leave further to Report y' our Most Usual 
& Customary Blanks & Samples of y^ afores^ articles Such 
as Blank Commissions, Writs of Several Sorts, Bonds &c are 
most properly Disscriptive of Said Enumerated Articles and 
that one Accordingly of Each Sort or Class be Herewith 
Transmitted In compliance with ye Requisition in Said Let- 
ter Containd. and That as to Such of s'^ articles as have not 
been usually reduced to any particular form Such as Writs 
on actions on y^ Case affidavits &c, his Hon"" ye Gov^ be 



294 FITCH PAPERS. 

Desired to transmit Such brief & Sufficient Discriptions as 
to him may Seem needfiill. 

"^ order D Edwards 
New Haven Octobr 31st 1764 
In the Upper house 

the within Report approved Nevertheless His Hon^ the 
Gov*" is Desired to make what Alteration or additions he may- 
think proper 

Test George Wyllys Secret 
Concurr'd in the Lower House 

Test W^' Pitkin Jun Clerk 

THOMAS FITCH TO PYGAN ADAMS. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote on November 10, 1764, 
to Pygan Adams of New London requesting that he and 
Mr. Hillhouse* collect for him such evidence as might be 
obtained in favor of the Colony respecting the controversy 
with Samuel Mason and the Mohegan Indians; particularly 
respecting Mason's giving quit claim deeds to some persons 
of their land within the pretended Mohegan Indian claims. 
See letter from Adams to Fitch of Dec. 13, 1764.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO EARL OF HALIFAX. 

NoRWALK 13th Novembr 1764. 
My Lord 

Your Letter of the 14th of July inclosing a Copy of 
Prince Masseran's Letter to your Lordship I have received 
but on the most Diligent Enquiry can make no Discovery of 
the Persons who may have been guilty of Such Acts of 
Piracy. I Shall continue to make Enquiry and in Case of 
any Discovery of the Persons do my utmost to conform to 
your Directions and Inform of my proceedings therein. 
Having recommended to the General Assembly of this 
Colony the Several Matters contained in your Letter of the 
nth of August Relative to ye Post office, I am to Acquaint 



♦This may have been either William or James Abraham, sons of Rev. James 
Hillhouse deceased. 



THOMAS FITCH. 295 

your Lordship the Assembly are of Opinion that all neces- 
sary Provisions as to Ferries and Buildings on the Water 
Side to facilitate the Passing of the Posts in this Colony are 
Already made, and that they are not Apprehensive any 
Alterations at present are Wanting for the better Regulation 
and Improvement of the Posts in this Colony, and that a 
Map of the Colony with the present Course of the Posts 
throughout the Same be prepared agreable to your Lord- 
ships Direction to be transmitted to you, but as it will Re- 
quire some Time to Accomplish this I can only acquaint 
your Lordship that I Shall use the best Dispatch in pro- 
curing it and when finished shall without Delay send it. I 
am also to Acknowledge your other Letter of the ii'^ of 
August aforesaid Signifying his Majestys Pleasure that Such 
Information as can be procured in Relation to the illicite 
Trade which may be carried on within this Government; to 
the Methods in which it is Conducted &c. and as I Judge it 
my Duty to use my utmost Diligence and to give my parti- 
cular Attention in Regard to those Matters at all Times So 
I have in Special since the Receipt of this Letter Endeav- 
oured to make the most particular Enquiry concerning the 
conduct of the Trade carried on here, and as far as I can 
learn the officers of the Customs are very carefuU to conform 
in every Respect to ye true Intent and Meaning of the Acts 
of Trade and Navigation and have no Reason to apprehend 
they are violated in Any particular they at present appear 
to me to be faithful and more Solicitous than usual punctu- 
ally to Execute the Trusts Reposed in them. 
I am my Lord with the highest 

Esteem and Regard your Lordships 

most Obedient and most humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 
The Right Honbie the Earl of Halifax one of his Majestys 
Principal Secretaries of State 
[Indorsed] Letter to the Earl of Halifax 13^11 Novemb^ 1764.* 

*The duplicate of this letter in the Public Record Office is indorsed " R i6<ii 
Jano- 1765. (Pr: Masseran's Complaint, Post, & Illict Trade.) Extract sent to the 
Treasury, the igth Jano' 1765. Do to the Gem Post Office, the same Day." 



296 FITCH PAPERS. 

THOMAS FITCH TO EARL OF HALIFAX. 

NoRWALK 13'h. Novembr 1764. 
My Lord 

In Compliance with the Kings Commands Signifyed in 
your Letter of the iith of August Relative to the Resolution 
of the House of Commons for Charging certain Stamp Duties 
in the Colonies I took the first Opportunity to Request the 
Assistance of the Assembly in preparing the List of Instru- 
ments Required. The Assembly Accordingly Appointed a 
proper Committee for that Purpose with whose Assistance 
I have in the best and Clearest Manner I could prepared the 
List herewith Inclosed to be transmitted to your Lordship, 
It will appear by this List that the public Instruments can 
be Charged with no Burden but what must Lye immediately 
on the Colony Treasury already Exhausted by the War to 
that Degree or Rather in Debt to that Degree as not to be 
Capable of Such a Recruit as is Requisite to Answer the 
Necessities of the Government for some Time to come, The 
People in General are also so involved that new Burdens 
will not only be Distressing but greatly Discouraging in 
their Struggles to Extricate themselves from their Debts in- 
curred during the Late War. Suffer me my Lord to Intreat 
on their Behalf that they may be Excused from this new 
Duty which appears to them so grievious. 

I am my Lord with the highest Esteem 
and Regard your Lordships Most 

Obedient and most Humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 

The Right Honbi the Earl of Halifax one of his Majestys 
Principal Secretaries of State «&c 
[Indorsed] Letter to the Earl of Halifax 13th Nov*" 1764, 

about Stamp Duties 

LIST OF INSTRUMENTS USED IN PUBLIC TRANSACTIONS. 

A List of all Instruments made use of in public Trans- 
actions, Law proceedings, Grants Conveyances Securities of 
Land or Money within the Government of the Colony of 
Connecticut with the descriptions of the same 



LIST OF INSTRUMENTS. 297 

A Commission to the Chief Judge of the Superior Court, 
One Commission to the Assistant Judges of said Court. 

A Commission to Each Judge of the County Courts, 
One Commission for Each County including all the Justices 
of the Peace & Quot'um and all Justices of the Peace in said 
County. 

A Commission to Each Judge of Probate of Wills &c 
A Commission for Each vSheriff 

All made out annually to which no Salary is 

affixed but only an Allowance for the Times of 

Service, and in some Cases moderate Fees only. 

All these Commissions yearly made out at the 

public expence. 

A Commission To a Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel & 

Major of Each Regiment. A Commission for Each Captain, 

Lieutenant, and Ensign of the Foot and for Each Captain, 

Lieutenant, Cornet, and Quarter Master of the Troop in the 

Militia of the Colony. 

These Commissions are made out at the public 
Charge and instead of profit are a Charge to the 
Officers, 
a Commission of Sewers 

Writs both Summons's and Attachments which include 
the writ and Declaration and contains all the Declarations 
that is made in all kinds of Actions or Law Suits. 
Executions 

Subpoena for Witnesses 

Writs of Error and Seire facias containing the Declara- 
tion as aforesaid 

Writs of Replevin containing the Declaration in the 
Case 

Petitions and Memorials to the General Assembly 
Deeds of Conveyance of Lands and Mortgage Deeds of 
Lands 

Bonds for Security of Money and for other purposes 
Small promisory Notes for money 
Affidavits taken by Justices of the peace out of Court 
Bills of Lading 



29» FITCH PAPERS. 

Brief for collecting Charity; most generally for the 
Poor and Distressed 

Certificate of Masters and Bachalors Degrees in the 
College 

Charter Parties and other Contracts 

Inventories of Estates 

Records of Courts; being only short Entries made in a 
Book kept for that purpose 

Wills 

Indentures for Apprentices 

Leases of Lands and some times of other Estates 

Letters of Attorney 

Letters of Administration 

Policy of Assurance 

Protests 

Distribution of Intestate Estates 

Copies of Court Records are only Copies taken from 
the Books wherein the minutes or Short Entries of Cases 
are recorded which are here called the Records of the 
Courts &c 
[Indorsed] List of Instruments made Use of in publick 

Transactions &c in the Colony of Connecticut. In Goyr 

Fitch's Letter of the 13*^ Novr 1764. 

THOMAS FITCH TO COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE 
AND PLANTATIONS. 

NoRWALK 14th November 1764. 
My Lords. 

Having taken the first Opportunity to Lay before the 
Assembly of the Colony of Connecticut Your Lordships 
Letter of May 11*^ Inclosing a Copy of the Resolve of the 
House of Commons of the 5*^ of April Requiring an Account 
of the Tender and Amount of the Bills of Credit which 
have been created and issued in this Colony Since January 
1749 &c. The Assembly appointed a Committee to prepare 
the Same which being Approved by the Assembly is here- 
with transmitted to your Lordships. The Taxes Mentioned 
in the Account were Respectively laid when the Bills which 



THOMAS FITCH. 299 

they were to Sink were Ordered to be Issued; the Money 
Granted by Parliament has as soon as Received been Agre- 
able to the Acts for Emission of the Bills appropriated and 
Actually Used for Calling in and Discharging the Bills and 
by that Means where two taxes have been laid for Sinking 
one Emission it has been found unnecessary to Collect the 
Second Tax by Reason the first Tax and the Parliamentary 
Grant for the Services of that year have been Sufficient to 
Discharge the Emission, had not the Colony been favoured 
with those Grants on which it had its Dependance when the 
Bills were Emitted the Distress of the People would have 
been much greater as the Annual Demand for Men and the 
Repeated Occasions of Expence called for more than the 
Colony by its own Strength could ever have performed. 
These Bills were never made a Tender in payments being 
only in the Form of Promisary Notes, and the Assembly 
have in Every Instance of Emission Endeavoured with the 
utmost Care an Exact Conformity to the Act of Parliament 
of the 24th of his late Majesty Relating to the Bills of Credit 
in the four New England Governments. I am also to Ack- 
nowledge your Lordships other Letter of the ii^h of May 
Inclosing a List of the Titles of Several Acts of Parliament 
passed last Session with the Several Printed Copies of those 
Acts and beg Leave to Acquaint your Lordships that before 
the 29th of September last I took the Ooath which by the 
Act Intituled An Act for granting certain Duties in the 
British Colonies & Plantations in America &c. the Govern- 
ors of the Several Colonies and Plantations in America are 
Required to take and Shall to the Utmost of my Power 
Endeavour to have the Same as far as concerns the Govern- 
or of this Colony bona fide put in Execution and observed. 
I have the Honour my Lords to be with 
the Highest Esteem and Regard your Lordships 

most Obedient and most humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 

The Right Honourable the Lords Commissfs for Trade 
and Plantations. 

[The copy in the State Paper Office is endorsed "Rec^ 
Janry 17 1764."] 



300 FITCH PAPERS. 

ACCOUNT OF BILLS OF CREDIT. 
[Accompanying his letter of November 14, 1764, to the 
Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, Governor Thomas 
Fitch transmits an account of the paper bills or bills of 
credit issued by the Colony since January 1749. This ac- 
count as reported by a committee to the General Assembly 
at its session in October 1764 enumerates twelve emissions 
from January 1755 to March 1764 giving for each the date 
and total amount of the issue, the date when it becomes 
payble, the rate of the tax granted for the purpose and the 
date of payment of the tax. Some general statements re- 
garding the Colony's system of taxation and payment of the 
bills are appended to the list. Colonial Records, XII. 339.] 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Inner Temple 27 Nov 1764 
Sir 

I have before returned my thanks to the Assembly, for 
the Manner in which they have expressed their Appobation 
of my Services, an Approbation I know how to set a value 
upon, shall retain a deep sense of it, & esteem it beyond 
any pecuniary Reward whatever. For my Conduct in Par- 
liament, I can neither accept of Reward nor do I deserve 
the Thanks of any Individual or Body of Men among the 
Subjects of Great Britain ; I shall always think it my duty 
while I sit there, to govern myself by what I deem to the 
best of my Judgment, most likely to conduce to the good of 
the whole, without Partiality, & after having informed my- 
self to the best of my Ability, to communicate the best 
Lights I am master of to others, with all due deference to 
the Opinion of wiser Men, & after all the Examination in 
my Power, stedfastly to adhere to the Sentiments that 
appear to me right without yielding to the Byas either of 
Affection or self Interest. If I err, it is my Misfortune, if 
I am right I do no more than is incumbent on every man & 
which I hope evry Member of Parliament does. 

Out of the House, my Attention to the Interests of ye 
Colony takes up some of my Time & puts me to some Ex- 



RICHARD JACKSON. 3OI 

pence; but I pretend to Little Merit, in endeavouring to 
promote what my real Inclinations prompt me warmly to 
further, as far as my Power reaches; the welfare of the Col- 
ony, I shall always deem my best Reward, should I ever be 
an Instrument of Gods Providence to promote it, & I shall 
always prefer the good Opinion of an honest loyal & wise 
People to any other Reward in this World. 

I have received several Letters of advices of Bills 
drawn, some few are accepted but not due, the rest are all 
paid, & the Money is ready for paying all the Colony intends 
to draw ; for I have received all the Money voted by the Par- 
liament & appointed by the Treasury for ye Colonys share 
long since, of this I have twice advised you, but fear that 
Letters in which I spoke of the receipt of the remainder of 
that Money might not come to hand as it was directed by 
my Clerk to New York. There remains for me now to re- 
ceive only what will be coming from the Estate of the late 
Richard Partridge. I have done every thing in my Power 
to facilitate & forward this Affair, I even ventured to go so 
far, as to offer to give up some part of what I thought the 
Colony intitled to, in order to obtain a speedy decision & 
distribution among ye Creds & though I had no proper 
Authority I thought it right to offer to allow the Estate a 
Commission on the Receipt of the Colony^ Money, chiefly be- 
cause I think he might have recovered it at Law had he been 
living; but besides, because the Colony cannot any way re- 
ceive the whole of their Balance of these Offers I before 
advised you; but as none of these things had the Effect pro- 
posed though they were listened tc at first, & as I fear what 
the Colony has to receive will be much lessened by the 
Establishment of demands upon ye Estate, which though 
not due in strict Justice, we cannot now disprove for want 
of Vouchers, (Partridge having left his Affairs in great 
Confusion) I have revoked all ye Concessions I had made, 
& I believe as there is nobody concerned ag* us, that will 
take ye trouble to start these Points, they will not be dis- 
puted, so that we shall obtain the Establishment of the full 
Extent, of our Demands, & a proportionable Share out of 



302 FITCH PAPERS. 

Partridges Estate, which perhajjs will not fall much above 
2 or 300;^ below the just Demands of ye Colony, had Part- 
ridge been living. 

I should probably have received this Money in Cash in 
less than a Month from this time, had it not been for the 
unforseen Death of the master of ye Rolls, the Judge before 
whom this Cause has been all along depending ; it will prob- 
ably be a Month after ye Appointment of his Successor, be- 
fore the final direction in this Matter can be obtained, & as 
this will fall in with our Christmass Vacation we shall hardly 
receive the Money in less than 2 or 3 months, because after 
that ye final Direction is obtained, the Cause once more goes 
to the Master in Chancery to compute & make ye actual Dis- 
tribution. In every stage of this, Difficultys may arise, & 
I have been already so frequently disappointed that I dare 
undertake for nothing but that I will give you immediate 
Notice of my receiving the Money both by the first Ship & 
Packet; & I do not foresee at present any Obstruction like 
to arise & believe none will. 

In case I shall have paid away almost all the rest of ye 
Money that I have received on Acc^ of ye Colony, before the 
Receipt of this Money out of Partridges Estate, I shall not 
wait for it, but immediately dispatch my Accounts of my 
Receipts & Disbursements to ye time I transmit the Ace', & 
shall not blend the 2 Accounts together, unless I receive the 
sum coming out of Partridge^ Estate before I can possibly 
close ye other. I have already ventured to pay M^ Life 50^ 
■^ Anm from the time M"" Ingersol left England without 
any particular Direction of the Colony for ye Purpose as it 
was agreable to ye resolution of ye Assembly. 

I am concerned that I troubled you with the Checked 
Paper at all, as the Vessel that carried it was so unlucky in 
her passage, it was put on board her, about ye same time 
that I received the Compensation Money for 1761, so as that 
had she sailed as was expected & met with no unforeseen de- 
lay this Paper might have served for ye Draughts of 2 years 
Compensation & perhaps have proved more safe, though we 
have yet met with no Accident that I know of, & are now 



THOMAS FITCH. 303 

drawing so near the End of y^ Ace* I hope we shall not. I 
have used all the precaution in my Power & among others 
thought of ye Checked Paper, not then indeed foreseeing 
that the last Payment of Compensation Money would take 
place in less than 8 Months after it did. 

I shall use my best Endeavours to obtain a Repeal of 
some part of the late Bill for regulating the Trade of Amer- 
ica, particularly so much of it as restrains the Lumber 
Trade, & the Importation of Wines & Fruits into America 
directly from Spain & Portugal, as well as to lower the Duty^ 
on foreign Mollasses & to open further an Opportunity of 
bringing French Sugars home for Payment of the ballance 
of Trade against you in England, which last indeed is rep- 
resented here as being of the less Consequence because that 
the French have prohibited the Exportation of Sugars from 
their Islands. I assure you with great Faith that I have the 
most sincere Attention to the Welfare & Interest of the 
Colony & that I shall watch with care & diligence every 
Event that concerns them 

I am Sir with true Esteem 
Yr most Obedt 

Most hble Servt 

RD JACKSON 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Jackson 27th Nov 1764. Rec^ 

19th Febry 1765. 



THOMAS FITCH TO RICHARD JACKSON. 

NoRWALK 7'h Decembr 1764 
Sir 

Since my Letter of the 22'i of Septemb' I have received 
yours of the 27th of July and that by Col. Dyer of the 13th of 
August, being apprehensive Some might endeavour to take 
Advantage of any Neglects or Omissions on my or the Col- 
onies Part I tho't it proper and Accordingly before I Re- 
ceived your Kind advice for that Purpose took the Oath 
which by the Late Act of Parliament the Governors of the 
Plantations are Required to take, which was Administered 



304 FITCH PAPERS. 

Agreable to the Directions of the Said Act More than a 
month before the Time prescribed by the Same an Account 
of which I have transmitted to the Lords of Trade. You will 
doubtless before this comes to Hand have Received the 
Pamphlets by M^ Ingersoll which Contain Reasons or Ob- 
jections against Charging Stamp Duties or Internal Taxes 
on the Colonies which I trust You and M"" Ingersoll will 
make the most proper Use and Advantage of, not that we 
Suppose ourselves Able to Advance more forceable Argu- 
ments than are with you and our other Friends at Home, 
nor to Sett the Rights of the Colonies in a better or Stronger 
Light unless it be by the Relation of Some Matters of Fact 
and Local Circumstances which we may be best acquainted 
with, yet Reasons, Arguments and Declarations, Drawn u]> 
by the Colonies themselves may be more Evidential of the 
feeling Sense they have of their Rights, how highly they 
value them, and how grievious it will be to them to be De- 
prived of them, and may possibly on that Account have 
more Effect, and prove more successful then arguments 
from other Hands in their Behalf. For those R.easons we 
have avoided all Pretence of objection against the Authority 
or Power of the Parliament As the Supreme Legislature of 
all the Kings Dominions, to Tax the Colonies and have 
therefore Endeavoured only to Shew that the Exercise of 
Such Power in that Particular Instance or in like Cases will 
take away Part of our Antient Priviledges &c (which it is 
presumed the Parliament who are also Guardians of our 
Liberties will not do) and in the whole have Endeavoured to 
Express our Sentiments With becoming Modesty Decency 
& Submission and we trust as was intended without offence 
The Assembly tho it Approves of those observations & 
Arguments yet as they are said to be offerred for Considera- 
tion in Behalf of the Colony and least they should want that 
Material Circumstance of Appearing to proceed from the 
Deep concern and Eernest Request of the Colony have De- 
sired me to prepare an Humble and Earnest address to the 
Parliament in Behalf and in the name of the Governor and 
Company of the Colony against an acts being passed for 



THOMAS FITCH. 305 

Charging- a Stamp Duty or an Internal Tax and transmit 
The same with the Reasons before mentioned to you in 
Order to be preferred to the Parliament and be enforced 
with proper Zeal in Behalf of the Colony, which being pre- 
pared in Consequence of the order of the Assembly is here- 
with inclosed. But As we are much unacquainted with the 
Forms and Manner of Addressing or Petitioning the House 
of Commons I must Request Your Candor in Perusing and 
Judging of it and Desire you will be so good as to Correct 
any Mistakes or Improprieties in the Address; and if on the 
whole you Shall Judge it Necessary or proper to Make a New 
Draft I hope you will be kind Enough to do it and having 
made a proper one You may if you Please Sign it with My 
Name as this is Signed, or if, it be more proper you may 
Sign it in the Name of the Gov & Company as their Agent. 
Nevertheless if on Consideration of the whole Matter you 
and Mr Ingersoll with whom I Suppose you will advise on 
the Subject Shall Judge it not Expedient to present it but 
to make use of the Hints in this and the Pamphlet contain- 
ing the Reasons or Objections aforementioned in Some other 
Method I conclude the Assembly will not object, as you 
will be best Able to Judge in that Matter. I would Refer to 
Mr Ingersoll not only in this but any other Concern as the 
Assembly hath Desired me to write to him to Afford his 
Assistance and Advice in any Matters wherein the Colony 
maybe concerned which I have accordingly done by the In- 
closed Letter directed to him which I Request the Favour 
of you to Deliver to him. 

I have Said in the Address the Colony has Never been 
Taxed with internal Taxes &c. Some I know Suppose the 
Post office amounts to Such a Taxing but it appears to me 
far from it in as much as that Charges a payment for real 
Service done ; Stamps are no such Services the Post office is 
rather an Advantage than a Burden to the People and in 
fact but a few in comparison of the whole make use of the 
Post and even those few only when it will be an advantage 
to them so that it being of Choice they voluntarily Submit 
to it for the Sake of greater Profit. 



3o6 FITCH PAPERS. 

As to those Complaints which come against the Deter- 
minations of the Assembly in Cases between Man and Man 
to the King in Council in a way which they Call appeals 
(for from our Courts no appeal is allowed) tho they are not 
desirable and Sometimes Troublesome to the Colony yet I 
should think they can no ways Endanger it as there is no 
Court but may Err, and to Complain to a higher authority 
for an emendation or Correction of Such error Never Sup- 
posed the Court below to Stand in a Criminal Light unless 
Corruption or Male Administration is Charged and Main- 
tained Mr Ingersoll will be able to Inform You of the 
Method of Proceeding in our Assembly and other Courts to 
him I therefore would Refer you for further Intelligence in 
general and for a particular Account of the Case you had 
heard of as I Suppose tho I do not know it is a Case he has 
been acquainted with if not concerned in. 

One Mr Mason with one of the Mohegan Indians Em- 
barked in the Mast Ship with Mr Ingersoll I Suppose to 
Revive the old Controversy with the Colony whom I Sup- 
pose you will have heard of before you Receive this, as that 
afEair is long and tedious to Relate and as I am not Certain 
what Motion will be made or whether Any I shall only at 
present Desire you to enquire of Mr Ingersoll and gain what 
Knowledge you can of him about it which with your former 
acquaintance with it and what may be Learnt from the 
Entries in the Commissioners proceedings from whose De- 
termination Mason took an appeal in the Year 1743 which 
was objected to, will I Suppose furnish you with proper 
Materials to Oppose any Motion that may now at this Time 
a Day be made in that Matter but if you shall want further 
Information or Instruction pray Insist on Time to Send for 
it. I have wrote Something to M^ Ingersoll on this Head. 
You have also inclosed a List of the Bills of Exchange 
drawn on the Checked Paper beginning with No i and end- 
ing with 72. I might have Added with Regard to the 
Mohegan Controversy that it is not a Dispute between the 
Colony and the Indians but with the Masons who pretend 
to have a Right of Guardianship over the Indians but in 



COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 307 

Reallity Claim great Part of the Land and Accordingly I 
am Informed this Gentleman who now pursues the Affair 
has pretended to Quit his Right to Several Persons who 
hold Lands in the Limits of the Mason Claim and by that 
Means has Raised Money for his present occasion if I can 
obtain proper evidence of that Shall Send it to you if this 
Appears it will Discover the fallacy of their pretence to 
Serve the Indians who would not have had a foot of Land 
left had not the Colony taken more Care than every one 
else to Secure it for them by which Means they have about 
four thousand acres of good Land Secured to them which is 
more than a sufficiency for them 

I am Sir with Sincere Respect and 

Regard your most obedient and most 
Humble Servant 

THQS FITCH 
Richard Jackson Esq' 
[Indorsed] Letter to M^ Agent Jackson y'^ Decembr 1764 

COLONY OF CONNECTICUT TO PARLIAMENT. 

["An humble and earnest Address to the Parliament of 
Great Britain, in behalf and in the name of the Governor 
and Company of this Colony, against said bill for a stamp 
duty, or any other bill for an internal tax on this Colony 
passing into an act," was ordered by the General Assembly 
of October 1764 to be prepared by Governor Thomas Fitch 
and transmitted, together with the printed Reasons why The 
British Colonies^ in America^ SJionld not be charged with 
Internal Taxes, By Authority of Parliament, to the Colony's 
agent in England to be presented before Parliament. It 
was signed by Fitch. The Address accompanied Fitch's 
letter of Dec. 7, 1764, to Richard Jackson. See Colonial 
Records, XII. 299; Fitch to Jackson, Dec. 7, 1764.] 

THOMAS FITCH TO JARED INGERSOL. 

[The General Assembly at its session in October 1764 
instructed Governor Thomas Fitch to write to Jared In- 



3oS FITCH PAPERS. 

gersol, then in England, "and desire his good advice and 
assistance" to agent Richard Jackson "on any matters that 
may concern this Colony," and to inform him that such 
services would be "gratefully accepted and rewarded by 
the Assembly." The letter was inclosed with Fitch's letter 
to Richard Jackson of December 7, 1764. See Colonial 
Records^ XII. 299; Fitch to Jackson, Dec. 7, 1764.] 

THOMAS GAGE TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New York Decem^ 7*^ 1764. 

It gives me great pleasure to be able to acquaint you, 
that by an Express arrived from the Heads of the Musking- 
ham, I am Informed that the Shawnes & Delawares, & 
other Tribes on the Ohio have been Reduced to the most 
humiliating Peace by His Majesty's Arms under the Com- 
mand of Colonel Bouquet, & that a general Peace is now 
made with all the Nations who had risen in Arms against Us. 
The Perfidy of the Shawnese and Delawares, the Contempt 
they Shewed Us, & the breaking thro' all the ties & Engage- 
ments, which even Savage Nations hold Sacred amongst 
Each other, made it Absolutely Necessary to Reduce them 
by Force, & to march into their Country; The Troops 
under Colonel Bouquet have penetrated into the heart of 
their Settlement, and obliged them to deliver up all their 
Prisoners, even their own Children born of White Women, 
& to Send Deputies to Sir William Johnson to Settle a peace 
upon Such further terms as Should be Imposed upon them ; 
For the Performance of the last, and as a Security that no 
further Hostilities Should be Committed, a Number of their 
principal Chiefs have been delivered up as Hostages, above 
Two Hundred Prisoners had been delivered into our Hands, 
& more were Expected from the Shawnese, Several of our 
Parties had been Sent into the Villages of that Nation, to 
Assist them in Collecting the Captives & bringing them to 
Fort Pitt. 

I take the first Opportunity to Congratulate You, on 
the happy Conclusion of all Hostilities with the Indian 



PVGAN ADAMS. 



309 



Nations who had appeared in Arms against his Majesty, and 
to Enable You to give Such notice as you See Convenient 
to the Merchants, that the trade may be again carried on 
with the Several Nations. 

In Consequence of this Peace, I beg leave to Observe to 
You, that I am Informed the Government of this Province 
intend Publishing a Proclamation, not only to Prohibit all 
Hostilities against the Indians, but likewise to open a Trade 
with them, on Condition that the Traders take Licenses of 
the Governor, & give Bond and Security, that they do not 
Expose to Sale, or Sell to the Indians, but at the Posts that 
are already, or Shall be hereafter Established ; I Should be 
glad to know, whether You pursue the Same Method, or 
make any further Regulations respecting the Trade with 
the Indians, that I may have it in my Power to give Notice 
thereof to the Officers Commanding at the Several Posts, 
to Enable them to See that the Traders do Strictly Comply 
with the Terms of Trade prescribed to them by the Govern- 
ments to which they belong. 

I am, with great Regard, 

Sir, Your most obedient 
Humble Servant 

THOS GAGE 

Honbie Thomas Fitch Esqr 
[Indorsed] Letter from General Gage, 7th Decembr 1764 

Reed 12th 

PYGAN ADAMS TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New London Dec 13th 1764 

Last Week (while I was at Norwich Court) I Rec^ your 
Letter Dated loth last Month. In which you Directed me 
with Mr Hillhouse to Collect what Evidence wee are able 
respecting Masons giving Quit Claims to some persons of 
their Land, within the pretended Mohegan Indian Claims, 
for which he rec^ large Sums of Money &c. As also all 
other Evidence which might be Obtain'd in favour of the 
Colony Touching S^ Controvercy &c. 



3IO FITCH PAPERS. 

In Obedience to which I Imediately Acquainted M*" 
Hillhouse with the Contents thereof, who with sundry- 
Others the most faithful to the Governmts Interest, and 
most Inteligable persons wee Could find, met us in the 
Parrish in Three Days after, from whome wee Collected 
the following perticulars Viz. 

That the Revd M^ James Hillhouse Dec^ for the Consid- 
eration of One Hundred Pounds Old Ten"" in the Year 1739 
Obtain'd a Quit Claim Deed of Samii Mason Since Dec^ of 
all his Lands within S'^ Indian Claim, and Also a Bond of 
3000I1 under S<i Sam^is Hand to save him Harmless from all 
Judgmts in Case of any Review of M^ Dudlys Judgm'. Also 
a Bond under the Hand of the present John Mason, and 
John Uncas of ^^2000 to one Jeremiah Vallet Conditioned 
to Secure to him his Land within S<i Claim &c. for which 
S<i Vallet paid Twenty DoUers. Wee suppose there are 
many such Writings, but none on Record & most that 
have them keep them back and will not disclose them 
Except it be by force, Also Sundry persons of the best 
Creditt who have large Tracts within S<^ Claim, Inform'd us 
that John Mason had been with them Just before he went 
of and Urged them to Agree with them, Insisting on verry 
large Sums from some of them, to Others he Offer'd to 
Give Quit Claims on more Easie Terms 

Wee Also heard of a Deed to Jonathan Rogers from 
Onecho of a Large Tract of Land lying within 8"^ Claim 
which bears date, before Masons Deed, which we dont know 
if it were Ever made Use of in any Court during this 
Controversy or whether it would be of any Consequence, 
but if you should think it may be of Any Service, wee sup- 
pose a Copy thereof may be obtained. I must Also Acquaint 
you that yesterday I Rec^ a Letter from the Sachem, one 
Paragraph of which I think well to let you know and is as 
Follows Viz. 

"Samson has got all the Tribe, Squaws &c: to Sign in 
favor of Mason, and has wrote a Letter to the King of Great 
Brittan Complaining of this Governm*; He says, notwith- 
standing this Tribe Join'd the Governm' in Early Days yet 



RICHARD JACKSON. 3II 

afterwards the English has taken all their Lands from them, 
and in fact owns none, as this small Tract belongs to the 
Town of New London, for the Fee is not in the Tribe he 
Writes that they are willing to be his Subjects providing 
they be on the same footing with the English Subjects, and 
says he is as good as the Ministers, only a little Blacker, 
and that he will turn Churchman and be above them." 

Thus S'' I have sett before you the Substance of what 
Inteligence I at present can get in the Affair, if you shall 
think any or all may be of Service in the Cause you will 
please to give me further advice, with directions to proseed; 
I have thot whether those Quit Claim Deeds being put on 
Record & a Copy from the Town Clerk would not be the 
best Method (as the Owners dont care to part with the 
Originals). Also whether wee have power by Law to call 
Individuals before us and Oblige them under Oath to dis- 
close what they shall know touching these things, but as I 
greatly Value, and Shall wholey depend on your further 
Councel & directions herein shall wait that time, and Sub- 
scribe myself Your Hon^s Friend & 

Most Humie Sert 

PYGAN ADAMS 

Thomas Fitch Esq 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Pyggan Adams 13th Dect"- 1764 

Reed about 7*^ Jan^y 1762 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Temple 14 Dec"" 1764 
Sir 

This serves only to advise you of my having wrote to 
you at large by the Packet that sailed last Saturday,'" since 
that time I perceive that the final hearing of the Cause ag* 
ye Nephew of Partridge cannot be heard till after our 
Christmas Holidays as there are but two days left for 
Causes before the Master of ye Rolls who has 7 Causes be- 
fore ours ; I hope I make myself understood that there is no 



♦This presumably refers to his letter of Nov. 27. 



312 FITCH PAPERS. 

subject of Dispute left, but barely to confirm the Account 
taken before the Master: but this cannot now be done before 
Feby next & a week or fortnight after will conclude this long 
Business. The Death of the late Master of ye Rolls will thus 
delay us 2 months. 

Mr Ingersol is arrived & we have had 2 or 3 Conversa- 
tions on the Subject of the Colony^ Interest When he returns 
I shall talk to him fully on the Subject perhaps more so than 
one can well express oneself with propriety on Paper, the 
Bills continue to come in on checked Paper & shall be punc- 
tually accepted & paid. They are already much beyond 
No 14. 

I am Sir with sincere Esteem 

Yr most Obedt 

most hble Serv* 

RD JACKSON 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Jackson 9'h December 1764 
Rec<i 2^^ April 1765 



THOMAS FITCH TO THOMAS GAGE. 

NoRWALK 20th Decembr 1764 

Your Letter of the 7'^ giving me the agreeable account 
of the Peace Settled with the Indians Gave me great Satis- 
faction, and I heartly Rejoyce with you in this happy Event 
whereby the Savage Barbarity and Cruelty with which many 
of his Majesty's Subjects have been treated and others Ter- 
rified are come to An End, and hope those Measures which 
have been come into will finally be so Compleat as to per- 
petuate a lasting Tranquility in North America. 

This Colony being Scituate at so great Distance from 
all the Indian Tribes between which and us the other Gov- 
ernments and their Settlements are so Extensive that it 
appears to me Needless to Issue a Proclamation prohibiting 
our Inhabitants from using any further Acts of Hostility 
against the Indians as has been done in those Governments 
whose Borders and Inhabitants are Contiguous to Some of 



ROBERT CLELLAND. 3^3 

the Indian Settlements and Claims The People of this Colony 
have had no Occasion or Opportunity to fight with or Oppose 
the Indians only when Called forth in a Regular and public 
Manner as was the Case in the Summer Past which Ending 
with that Campaign they will Naturally cease all Kinds of 
Hostility unless called thereto in the like Manner. The 
Merchants in the Colony if any Such there be who are Dis- 
posed to Trade with the Indians will by the public Accounts 
in the Prints generally Dispersed thro' the Colony have 
Sufficient Notice the Trade is Open, and if any from among 
us are Inclined to take out Licences for that Purpose (with- 
out which they are not by the Kings Proclamation to be 
permitted to Trade) I shall take Care to Conform to His 
Majestys Proclamation by Requiring and taking the Securi- 
ties therein Directed to be taken and oblidge them to Per- 
form the Conditions on which Such Liberties are to be 
granted, of which I Suppose you will Judge Proper to give 
Notice to the officers commanding the Several Posts to En- 
able them to see that the Traders Strictly Comply with the 
Terms of Trade prescribed by the Crown. 

I am Sir with great Regard your 

most Obedient and most humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 
His Excellency Geni Gage 
[Indorsed] Letter to General Gage 20th Decemb"- 1764 

ROBERT CLELLAND TO THOMAS FITCH. 

New London 26 Decem"" 1764 
Hond Sir 

The kindness received from this kind & Mercifull Gov- 
ernment and the ungratitude of Samson Occom in Stirring 
up the Mohegan tribe agst this Coleny, fills me with indig- 
nation. It is the desire of many his conduct should be sett 
in a trew light before your Hour, this Attempt I make as in 
duty bound 

He has wrote a Letter agst this Colony with his own 
hand to the King of G Brittain, and amongst many other 



314 FlTCH PAPERS. 

things, he says they have not a foot of land, as the fee is in 
the town of N'^^ London & Says that they are willing to be 
his Subjects if they be on the same footing with the English, 
he has had Captt Tracey & the Mason's constantly resorting 
at him «& had it not been for him Jo^ Mason had not gone 
for England all the Indians but 3 ingages to Stand by one 
another agst this Gov" 

He is so pufft up with pride that he says he has as good 
a Standing as any of the Minrs, and that he will turn Church- 
man and be above them, M^ Graves no dout has given him 
that advice, as a very great intimacy with him Subsists 

He has behaved very ungratfully to the worthy & kind 
overseers who has spent no smal time to protect them & 
manage their affairs, repeated complaints he has Sent up to 
Sir William Johnston & it is said he is gone up to him this 
Season, It is trew I suppose that he said he would ly down 
& die if he got not his Will, He quarrels also with Mr Jew- 
ett and has brock up his Stated Lectures as not any Indian's 
attend, Mr Jewett has accquented the Comssrs at Boston & 
Says he will lay his conduct befor the Scotts Comsrs at 
Lebanon, He has brock up the School as he has prevail'd 
upon the Indians to keep their Children from it, the Com- 
msrs are unwilling I should leave Mohegan if the Indians 
could be prevail'd on to Send their Children, If Samson 
could be gain'd the rest would come easyly over, at present 
he is all in all with them, perhaps the Scales may turn, they 
are a Changable, willful people, one day Hosanna & nother 
Crucify, if Mason dont Succeed he will loose his influence 
amongst this tribe. 

The Revd Mr Wheelock by his influence, intrest, & as 
is reported by his purse has built him a house in Mohegan, 
Contrary to the intention of the Boston Comsrs, as they 
were for his Settleing at Nahantick but he had better built 
him one (many Say) amongst the Onida or other Indians; 
Last Summer by the influence of Mr Whitfield &c, the 
Comsrs at Boston gave Occom 30^ to Settle at Nahantick 
(as they were destitute of a min^) & to preach Occationally 
to the other adjacent tribes. The Scots Comsrs at Lebanon 



ROBERT CLELLAND. 3I5 

desired he might be released as they design'd to give him a 
Mission amongst the Moyhacks, all this was done but my 
gentleman went no further then N York & then returnd 

Samson last summer told me he found no fault with my 
care I took of the Children, only I join'd with the overseers 
agst the tribe wheras I always found them ready to consult 
their best intrest 

There is one thing I would Just mention to Shew the 
height of insolence the Indians have come too, Old Zachery 
who is a Steady friend of the Colony had a mear found Shott 
in the fields & no one can be found out as acter, his mare w as 
in the pasture with Indian Jades, and one wheeler a neigh- 
bour had a horse got into their fields and never more heard 
of, it was reported by an Indian Child that the horse was 
Shott & drag'd into the river, they say they care for none 
but King George 

I am now old and know not where to move to, I been 
faithfull in my office, and only proposes to your Honr one 
thing if you would please to doe for me tho low in the world, 
& that is to write Mr Wheelock to meet at Mohegan with 
Mr Jewett & my Good friends the Overseers when Samson 
comes home, to try for a reconciliation it would be agreable 
to the Honbie Comsrs, I dout not but it might be effected, 
What I have write is not without proof, I dont impose upon 
yr Honr by the least falsehood, I have no envy agst Samson 
only wishes he might be brought to a more peacable temper, 
Pray take notice of me if you please I am Hon<i Sir 
yr Hon's most oblidged Humble Serv' 

ROBERT CLELLAND 

P S Mr Jewett knows the truth of what is wrote, com- 
plain'd of him to the Boston Comrs, & intends to doe it to 
the Scots Commrss at Lebanon, Pardon my Boldness 
[Superscribed] To His Honr Gov^ Thomas Fitch Esq' 

Norwalk 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Cleland of Mohegan 26*^ Decembr 
1764 Rec<i 14th Janry 1765 



3l6 FITCH PAPERS. 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Inner Temple 9 feby 1765 
Sir 

I have only time to advise you of the Receipt of your 
last inclosing- a further Advice of Bills which will be paid as 
they appear & to acquaint you of the Resolution of ye House 
of Commons last Wednesday that a Stamp Duty sh^ be laid 
on the Colonies. No Bill is yet brought in, next week y^ Bill 
itself will be debated, Several Gentlemen & among- them 
myself opposed this Resolution «& divided the House but 
without Success I am Sir 

Yr most Obedt 
Most hble Serv 
RD JACKSON 
To ye Honourable Thomas Fitch Esq 
[Indorsed] Letter from M"- Agent Jackson 9'^ Feb^y 1765 
Rec<i 1 6th April 1765 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Inner Temple 9'^ Febry 1765 
Sir 

I write shortly now to acquaint you, that last Wednes- 
day came on in the House of Commons, the great Question 
whether the American Colonies should be taxed by Parlia- 
ment, by way of Internal Duty; No Member insisted on an 
Exemption by Right, except that M^ Beckford touched that 
Point a little, but the Resolution was opposed and the De- 
bate lasted till 9 o'Clock at which time the House divided 
244 or 5 agst us, to only 49 for us, M^ Beckford Col. Barre 
Mr Fuller Sir W™ Meredith and myself spoke against Inter- 
nal Dutys, I relied on the Statutes of the 34 & 35 H. 8. C. 
13 and 25 Car: 2 C 9, for giving Members to the Counties & 
Citys of Chester & Durham, which at the same time they 
established the Right of taxing such part of the British 
Dominions as have no Election of Members, shew the sense 
of the Legislature, that the Right cannot be exercised with- 
out great Publick & Private Mischiefs and therefore sho^ not 
be, without giving the Right that is given by those Laws, I 



JARED INGERSOLL. 317 

was but short at that time, but shall be somewhat longer 
when the Bill itself is brought into the House, that will be 
some time next week, I hope at leasi the Exercise of the 
Right will not be continued with so little Interruption as 
the Right itself has been declared. 

We are in hopes to obtain some Alteration in the Regu- 
lation Bill of last Year, I have concerted some Measures for 
that purpose with some of the Principal Merchants of Lon- 
don, who all agree that their Returns from America are 
fallen very short since the passing that Act. I shall present 
the Petition of the Colony with another from the Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay next Tuesday before the Bill for 
laying the Tax be brought in, no Opportunity has offered 
before, when it could be properly done & the presenting it 
then will do more service than it would have done before. 

I have intelligence from M^ Ingersol of M^ Mason being 
arrived with a Mohegan Indian to renew their Claim against 
ye Colony, I cannot find any step has yet been taken though 
I have inquired at y^ Council Office 

I sh«i not do Justice to M"" Grenville the Chancellor of ye 
Exchequer, if I did not add that when he opened the design 
of taxing the Colony, he spoke of ye Colonies in general in 
Terms of great Kindness & Regard & in particular assured 
ye House there was no Intention to abridge or alter any of 
their Charters. I am with many sincere wishes for ye Pros- 
perity of ye Colony & with sincere Esteem for y self 
Sir y most Obed 

Most hble Serv 

RD JACKSON 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Agent Jackson 9'^ Febry 1765. 

Reed 1 6th of April 1765. 

JARED INGERSOLL TO THOMAS FITCH.* 

London ii'^ Feb: 1765 
5'- 

Since my last to you, I have been honoured with yours 
of the 7'h of December, in which you inform me that the 

*This letter was first published in 1766, in Mr. Itiger soil's Letters relating 
to the Stamp-Act. 



3l8 FITCH PAPERS. 

Geni Assembly have been pleased to desire my Assistance 
while here in any Matters that may concern the Colony. Be 
so good, Sr, in return as to Assure the Assembly that I have 
not only a Due Sense of the honour they have done me by 
placing this Confidence in me, but that I have ever since 
my arrival here, from Motives of Inclination, as well as 
Duty, done every thing in my Power to promote the Colo- 
ony's Interests. 

The principal Attention has been to the Stamp bill that 
has been preparing to Lay before Parliament for taxing 
America. The Point of the Authority of Parliament to im- 
pose such Tax I found on my Arrival here was so fully and 
Universally yielded, that there was not the least hopes of 
making any impressions that way. Indeed it has appeared 
since that the House would not suffer to be brought in, nor 
would any one Member Undertake to Offer to the House, 
any Petition from the Colonies that held forth ye Contrary 
of that Doctrine. I own I advised the Agents if possible to 
get that point Canvassed that so the Americans might at 
least have the Satisfaction of having the point Decided 
upon a full Debate, but I found it could not be done, and 
here before I proceed to acquaint you with the Steps that 
have been taken, in this Matter, I beg leave to give you a 
Summary of the Arguments which are made Use of in 
favour of such Authority. 

The House of Commons, say they, is a branch of 
the supreme legislature of the Nation, & which in its 
Nature is supposed to represent, or rather to stand in the 
place of, the Commons, that is, of the great body of the 
people, who are below the dignity of peers; that this 
house of Commons Consists of a certain number of Men 
Chosen by certain people of certain places, which Elect- 
ors, by the Way, they Insist, are not a tenth part of the 
people, and that the Laws, rules and Methods by which 
their number is ascertained have arose by degrees & from 
various Causes & Occasions, and that this house of Com- 
mons, thefore, is now fixt and ascertained & is a part of 
the Supreme unlimited power of the Nation, as in every 



JAREU INGERSOLL. 319 

State there must be some unlimited Power and Authority; 
and that when it is said they represent the Commons 
of England, it cannot mean that they do so because 
those Commons choose them, for in fact by far the 
greater part do not, but because by their Constitution 
they must themselves be Commoners, and not Peers, and 
so the Equals, or of the same Class of Subjects, with the 
Commons of the Kingdom. They further urge, that the 
only reason why America has not been heretofore taxed 
in the fullest Manner, has been merely on Account of 
their Infancy and Inability; that there have been, how- 
ever, not wanting Instances of the Exercise of this Power, 
in the various regulations of the American trade, the 
Establishment of the post Office &c, and they deny any 
Distinction between what is called an internal & external 
Tax as to the point of the Authority imposing such taxes. 
And as to the Charters in the few provinces where there 
are any, they say, in the first place, the King cannot grant 
any that shall exempt them from the Authority of one 
of the branches of the great body of Legislation, and in 
the second place say the King has not done, or at- 
tempted to do it. In that of Pensilvania the Authority of 
Parliament to impose taxes is expressly mentioned & re- 
served ; in ours tis said, our powers are generally such as 
are According to the Course of other Corporations in England 
(both which Instances by way of Sample were mentioned & 
referred to by M' Grenville in the House) ; in short they say 
a Power to tax is a necessary Part of every Supreme Legis- 
lative Authority, and that if they have not that Power over 
America, they have none, 8c then America is at once a 
Kingdom of itself. 

On the other hand those who oppose the bill say, it is 
true the Parliament have a supreme unlimited Authority 
over every Part & Branch of the Kings dominions and as 
well over Ireland as any other place, yet we believe a British 
parliament will never think it prudent to tax Ireland. Tis 
true they say, that the Commons of England & of the 
british Empire are all represented in and by the house of 



320 FITCH PAPERS. 

Commons, but this representation is confessedly on all 
hands by Construction & Virtually only as to those who 
have no hand in choosing the representatives, and that the 
Effects of this implied Representation here & in America 
must be infinitely different in the Article of Taxation, 
Here in England the Member of Parliament is equally 
known to the Neighbour who elects & to him who does not; 
the Friendships, the Connections, the Influences are spread 
through the whole. If by any Mistake an Act of Parliament 
is made that prove injurious and hard the Member of Par- 
liament here sees with his own Eyes and is moreover very 
accessible to the people, not only so, but the taxes are laid 
equally by one Rule and fall as well on the Member himself 
as on the people. But as to America, from the great dis- 
tance in point of Situation, from the almost total unacquaint- 
edness, Especially in the more northern Colonies, with the 
Members of Parliament, and they with them, or with the 
particular Ability & Circumstances of one another, from 
the Nature of this very tax laid upon others not Equally & 
in Common with ourselves, but with express purpose to 
Ease ourselves, we think, say they, that it will be only to 
lay a foundation of great Jealousy and Continual Uneasi- 
ness, and that to no purpose, as we already by the Regula- 
tions upon their trade draw from the Americans all that 
they can spare, at least they say this Step should not take 
place untill or unless the Americans are allowed to send 
Members to Parliament; for who of you, said Coll Barre 
Nobly in his Speech in the house upon this Occasion, who 
of you reasoning upon this Subject feels warmly from the 
Heart (putting his hand to his own breast)/<?r the Americatts 
as they would for themselves or as you zvould for the people 
of your own native Country? and to this point M"" Jackson 
produced Copies of two Acts of Parliament granting the 
priviledge of having Members to the County Palitine of 
Chester & the Bishoprick of Durham upon Petitions pre- 
ferred for that purpose in the Reign of King Henry the 
Eighth and Charles the first, the preamble of which Statutes 
counts upon the Petitions from those places as setting forth 



JARED INGERSOLL. 321 

that being in their general Civil Jurisdiction Exempted 
from the Common Law Courts &c, yet being Subject to the 
general Authority of Parliament, were taxed in Common 
with the rest of ye Kingdom, which taxes by reason of their 
having no Members in Parliament to represent their Affairs, 
often proved hard and injurious &c and upon that ground 
they had the priviledge of sending Members granted them 
. — & if this, say they, could be a reason in the case of Ches- 
ter and Durham, how much more so in the case of America. 
Thus I have given you, I think, the Substance of the 
Arguments on both sides of that great and important Ques- 
tion of the right & also of the Expediency of taxing America 
by Authority of Parliament. I cannot, however. Content 
myself without giving you a Sketch of what the aforemen- 
tioned Mr Barre said in Answer to some remarks made by 
Mr Ch. Townsend in a Speech of his upon this Subject. I 
ought here to tell you that the Debate upon the American 
Stamp bill came on before the house for the first time last 
Wednesday, when the same was open'd by M"" Grenville the 
Chanceller of the Exchequer, in a pretty lengthy Speech, 
& in a very able and I think in a very candid manner he 
opened the Nature of the Tax, Urged the Necessity of it, 
Endeavoured to obviate all Objections to it — and took 
Occasion to desire the House to give ye bill a most Serious 
and Cool Consideration & not suffer themselves to be influ- 
enced by any resentments which might have been kindled 
from any thing they might have heard out of doors— allud- 
ing I suppose to the N. York and Boston Assemblys' 
Speeches & Votes— that this was a matter of revenue which 
was of all things the most interesting to ye Subject &c. 
The Argument was taken up by several who opposed the 
bill (viz) by Alderman Beckford, who, and who only, seem- 
ed to deny ye Authority of Parliament, by Col. Barre, M«- 
Jackson, S"" William Meredith and some others. M«- Barre, 
who by the way I think, & I find I am not alone in my 
Opinion, is one of the finest Speakers that the House can 
boast of, having been some time in America as an Officer 
in the Army, & having while there, as I had known before 



322 FITCH PAPERS. 

contracted many Friendships with American Gentlemen, & 
I believe Entertained much more favourable Opinions of 
them than some of his profession have done, Delivered a 
very handsome & moving Speech upon the bill & against 
the same, Concluding by saying that he was very sure that 
Most who Should hold up their hands to the Bill must be 
under a Necessity of acting very much in the dark, but 
added, perhaps as well in the Dark as any way. 

After him M*" Charles Townsend spoke in favour of the 
Bill — took Notice of several things M^ Barre had said, and 
concluded with the following or like Words: — And now will 
these Americans, Children planted by our Care, nourished 
up by our Indulgence untill they are grown to a Degree of 
Strength & Opulence, and protected by our Arms, will 
they grudge to contribute their mite to releive us from the 
heavy weight of that burden which we lie under? When 
he had done, M^ Barre rose and having explained something 
which he had before said & which M"" Townsend had been 
remarking upon, he then took up the beforementioned Con- 
cluding words of Mr Townsend, and in a most spirited & I 
thought an almost inimitable manner, said — 

"They planted by your Care? No! your Oppressions 
planted em in America. They fled from your Tyranny to 
a then uncultivated and unhospitable Country — where they 
exposed themselves to almost all the hardships to which 
human Nature is liable, and among others to the Cruelties 
of a Savage foe, the most subtle and I take upon me to say 
the most formidable of any People upon the face of Gods 
Earth. And yet, actuated by Principles of true english 
Lyberty, they met all these hardships with pleasure, com- 
pared with those they suffered in their own Country, from 
the hands of those who should have been their Friends. 

"They nourished by j'otn- indulgence? they grew by 
your neglect of Em: — as soon as you began to care about 
Em, that Care was Excercised in sending persons to rule 
over Em, in one Department and another, who were per- 
haps the Deputies of Deputies to some Member of this house 
— sent to Spy out their Lyberty, to misrepresent their 



JARED INGERSOLL. 323 

Actions & to prey upon Em ; men whose behaviour on many 
Occasions has caused the Blood of those Sons of Liberty* to 
recoil within them; men promoted to the highest Seats of 
Justice, some, who to my knowledge were glad by going to 
a foreign Country to Escape being brought to the Bar of a 
Court of Justice in their own. 

" They protected by your Arms? they have nobly taken 
up Arms in your defence, have Exerted a Valour amidst 
their constant & Laborious industry for the defence of a 
Country, whose frontier, while drench'd in blood, its interior 
Parts have yielded all its little Savings to your Emolument. 
And beleive me, remember I this Day told you so, that same 
Spirit of freedom which actuated that people at first, will 
accompany them still. — But prudence forbids me to explain 
myself further. God knows I do not at this Time speak 
from motives of party Heat, what I deliver are the genuine 
Sentiments of my heart ; however superiour to me in general 
knowledge and Experience the reputable body of this house 
may be, yet I claim to know more of America than most of 
you, having seen and been conversant in that Country. The 
People I beleive are as truly Loyal as any Subjects the King 
has, but a people Jealous of their Lyberties and who will 
vindicate them, if ever they should be violated — but the 
Subject is too delicate & I will say no more." 

These sentiments were thrown out so intirely without 
premeditation, so forceably and so firmly, and the breaking 
off so beautifully abrupt, that the whole house sat awhile as 
Amazed, intently Looking and without answering a Word. 

I own I felt Emotions that I never felt before & went 
the next Morning & thank'd Coll Barre in behalf of my 
Country for his noble and spirited Speech. 

However, S^ after all that was said, upon a Division of 
the house upon the Question, there was about 250 to about 
50 in favour of the Bill. 



* [Note added by Mr. Ingersoll, on publishing this letter in 1766.] I 
believe I may claim the Honour of having been the Author of this Title, how- 
ever little personal Good I got by it, having been the only Person, by vsrhat I 
can discover, wfho transmitted Mr. Barre's Speech to America. 



324 FITCH PAPERS. 

The truth is I beleive some who inclined rather against 
the Bill voted for it, partl}^ because they are loth to break 
the Measures of the Ministry, and partly because they dont 
undertake to inform themselves in the fullest manner upon 
the Subject. The Bill comes on to a second Reading to- 
morrow, when ours and the Massachusetts Petitions will be 
presented & perhaps they may be some further Debate upon 
the Subject, but to no purpose I am very sure, as to the 
Stopping or preventing the Act taking Place. 

The Agents of the Colonies have had several Meetings, 
at one of which they were pleased to desire M^ Franklin & 
myself as having lately Come from America & knowing 
more Intimately the Sentiments of the people, to wait on 
Mr Grenville, together with M' Jackson & M' Garth who 
being Agents are also Members of Parliament, to remon- 
strate against the Stamp Bill, & to propose in Case any Tax 
must be laid upon America, that the several Colonies might 
be permitted to lay the Tax themselves. This we did 
Saturday before last. M^ Grenville gave us a full hearing — 
told us he took no pleasure in giving the Americans so much 
uneasiness as he found he did — that it was the Duty of his 
Office to manage the revenue — that he really was made to 
beleive that considering ye whole of the Circumstances of 
the Mother Country & the Colonies, the later could and 
ought to pay something, & that he knew of no better way 
than that now pursuing to lay such Tax, but that if we 
could tell of a better he would adopt it. We then urged the 
Method first mentioned as being a Method the people had 
been used to — that it would at least seem to be their own 
Act & prevent that uneasiness & Jealousy which otherwise 
we found would take place — that they could raise the Money 
best by their own Officers &c &c 

Mr Jackson told him plainly that he foresaw [by] the 
Measure now pursuing, by enabling the Crown to keep up 
an armed Force of its own in America & to pay the Gover- 
nours in the Kings Goverments & all with the Americans 
own Money, the Assembles in the Colonys would be sub- 
verted — that the Gov*"** would have no Occasion, as for any 



jARED INGERSOLL. 325 

Ends of their own or of the Crown, to call 'Em & that they 
never would be called to gether in the Kings Goverments. 
Mr Grenville warmly rejected the thought, said no such 
thing was intended nor would he beleived take place. In- 
deed I understand since, there is a Clause added to the 
Bill Applying the monies that shall be raised to the protect- 
ing & Defending America only. M^ Grenville asked us if 
we could agree upon the several proportions Each Colony 
should raise. We told him no. He said he did not think 
any body here was furnished with Materials for that pur- 
pose ; not only so but there would be no Certainty that every 
Colony would raise the Sum enjoined & to be oblige*! to be 
at the Expence of making Stamps, to compel some one or 
two provinces to do their Duty & that perhaps for one year 
only, would be very inconvenient; not only so, but the 
Colonies by their constant increase will be Constantly vary- 
ing in their proportions of Numbers & ability & which a 
Stamp bill will always keep pace with &c &c 

Upon the whole he said he had pledged his Word for 
Offering the Stamp Bill to the house, that the house would 
hear all our Objections & would do as they thought best; 
he said, he wished we would preserve a Coolness and Mod- 
eration in America; that he had no need to tell us, that re- 
sentments indecently & unbecomingly Express'd on one 
Side the Water would naturally produce resentments on 
tother Side, & that we could not hope to get any good by a 
Controversy with the Mother Country; that their Ears will 
always be open to any remonstrances from the Americans 
with respect to this bill both before it takes Effect & after, 
if it shall take Effect, which shall be exprest in a becoming 
manner, that is, as becomes Subjects of the same common 
Prince. 

I acquainted you in my last that M"" Whately, one of the 
Secretaries of the Treasury, and who had under his Care 
and Direction the business of preparing the Stamp Bill, had 
often conferred with me on the vSubject. He wanted, I 
know, information of the several methods of transfer, Law 
process &c made Use of in the Colony, & I believe has been 



326 FITCH PAPERS. 

also very willing to hear all Objections that could be made 
to the Bill or any part of it. This task I -was glad to under- 
take, as I very well knew the information I must give would 
operate strongly in our favour, as the number of our Law 
Suits, Deeds, Tavern Licences & in short almost all the 
Objects of the intended taxation & Dutys are so very numer- 
ous in the Colony that the knowledge of them would tend to 
the imposing a Duty so much the Lower as the Objects were 
more in Number. This Effect I flatter myself it has had in 
some measure. M*" Whately to be sure tells me I may fairly 
claim the Honour of having occasioned the Duty's being 
much lower than was intended, & three particular things 
that were intended to be taxed, I gave him no peace till he 
dropt; these were Licences for marriadge — a Duty that 
would be odious in a new Country where every Encourage- 
ment ought to be given to Matrimony & where there was 
little portion ; Commissions of the Justices of peace, which 
Office was generally speaking not profitable & yet necessary 
for the good Order and Goverment of the people; and Notes 
of hand which with us were given & taken so very often for 
very small Sums. 

After all I beleive the people in America will think the 
Sums that will be raised will be quite Enough, & I wish 
they may'nt find it more Distressing than the people in 
power here are aware of. 

The Merchants in London are alarmed at these things; 
they have had a meeting with the Agents & are about to 
petition Parliament upon the Acts that respect the trade of 
North America. 

What the Event of these things will be I dont know, 
but am pretty certain that wisdom will be proper & even 
very necessary, as well as prudence & good Discretion to 
direct the Councils of America. 

I shall hope to see you the beginning of Summer at 
farthest 

¥«■ Most Obedient 

Humble Ser' 

J: INGERSOLL. 

Gov Fitch 



CADWALLADER COLDEN. 327 

CADWALLADER COLDEN TO THOMAS FITCH. 
New York 12'^ February 1765. 
Sir 

Haveing- laid before his Majesty's Council the inclosed 
Petition of John Anderson, holding by Grant under the 
Great Seal of this Province, three Islands in the Sound, 
and Complaining that he has lately been Sued by Justus 
Bush, David Bush, William Bush and John Gregg, Inhabit- 
ants of the Colony of Connecticut, for a supposed Tresspass 
on one of those Islands called Captains Islands; and praying 
the interposition of this Government, in order to secure to 
him the Effect of the Royal Bounty. I am by the advice of 
Council, to propose to your Government, the submitting the 
matter of Jurisdiction with respect to these Islands, and 
such others in the Sound as are, or may be Contested, to 
the Determination of his Majesty in his Privy Council, on 
such State of the Controversy as each Government shall 
think fit to transmit to his Majesty's Ministers for this Pur- 
pose ; and that in the mean time all Judical proceeding's be 
suspended, as ineffectual, and necessarily tending to Great 
Animosities between Individuals, and to embroil the two 
Governments. 

As the Method proposed will answer the same end as a 
Commission in the usual Form, and being- attended with 
little or no Expence, seems better adapted to a case in 
which the public Interest in either Colony is inconsiderable, 
I flatter myself it will meet with the Approbation of yours ; 
in which Case I shall order the proper papers to be pre- 
pared, and shall transmst them without delay 
I am with great Regard 

Sir Your most obedient 

humble Servant 
CADWALLADER COLDEN 

The Honbie Thomas Fitch Esq*" Governor of Connecti- 
cut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from L' Gov Colden 12th Febn' 1765. 

Reed 1 8th 



328 FITCH PAPERS. 

JARED INGERSOLL TO RICHARD LAW. 

London 15'^ Feb: 1765 
Sr 

I have not been able till now to write you fully of your 
affairs committed to my Care 

You will See by the inclosed Extract from Messrs 
Hinton Browne & Son Bankers theer Ace' with Mr Bodoin 
that the whole Sum Decreed to Cap* Prentiss & Crew was 
;^5o5o and that there remained 4937 8 6 Clear of Charges, 
the Evidence of this will always Appear from the Decree or 
Judgment at the office of the Lords Com'e of Council & 
from the Bankers books above mentioned 

as to Cap' Prentiss's Will when I first Shew it to M^ 
Jackson he Entertained Some Doubts, but on full Consider- 
ation & Conference with another Counciller he gives me the 
following opinion that According to the Letter of the will 
the Case that has happened; viz one Brother dying first and 
leaving Issue & afterwards the other Brother without Issue 
is not provided for. Yet upon the whole taken together it 
is plain that the Testator did not intend that his Daughters 
Should have the Lands but in Case of both the Brothers 
dying without Issue, therefore Says that by Construction, 
(and that will generally be Admitted in the Case of Wills to 
Come at the Testators intent) there was Contengent Cross 
remainders in Each of the Sons, and that the Issue of John 
will take before the Daughters 

I hope to be with you Soon when I Shall be Able to Say 
more to you upon both these heads, with Compt to Mrs Law 
& all friends I Subscribe 

Yr Most Obedt Humbi Servt 
J: INGERSOLL 

no doubt Mr Jackson Says but the burdensome Condi- 
tion of paying the Sums of money by the Sons makes a fee 
which however was a Limited fee as before observed 

J.I. 



PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY RECORDS. 329 

PREROGATIVE COURT OF CANTERBURY RECORDS. 
Extracted from the Reg^istry of the Prerogative Court 
of Canterbury. 

John by Divine Providence Archbishop of Canterbury 
Primate of all England and Metropolitan do by these pres- 
ents make known to all Men that it hath been alledged 
before the Right Worshipful! John Bettesworth also Doctor 
of Laws Master Keeper or Commissary of our Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by William Bow- 
doin That John Prentis late of New London in the Colony 
of Connecticut in New England but in the Parish of Saint 
Martins in the fields in the County of Middlesex in the King- 
dom of Great Britain and late Commander of his Majestys 
Armed Sloop the Defence deceased did whilst living and of 
sound Mind Memory and Understanding duly make and 
Execute his last Will and Testament in Writing touching 
his Estate in the said Kingdom of Great Britain and in the 
united Netherlands and thereof nominate and appoint him 
the said William Bowdoin Executor in the Words following 
to wit I John Prentis of New London in the Colony of Con- 
necticut in New England Mariner at present residing in the 
Parish of S* Martin in the fields in the County of Middlesex 
in the Kmgdom of Great Britain when in New England 
made my Will touching my Estate there and having some 
Moneys Goods and Effects in this Kingdom and in the Uni- 
ted provinces and being at present sick of the Small Pox 
but of a sound Mind make this my last Will touching all my 
Estate in this Kingdom and in the united Netherlands all 
which I give to my Wife and Children to be shared equally 
among them And I appoint M^ William Bowdoin of Boston 
in New England Merchant but now residing in the parish of 
Saint Martins aforesaid to be the Executor of this my Tes- 
tament And We further make known that on the fifth day 
of August in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven 
hundred and forty six at London before the aforesaid Surro- 
gate the said last Will and Testament of the said John 
Prentis deceased hereunto annexed was proved approved 
and registered the said deceased having whilst living and at 



33^ FlTCH PAPERS. 

the time of his Death Goods Chattels or Credits in Divers 
Dioceses or Jurisdictions by reason whereof the proving 
and registring of the said Will granting Administration of 
the Goods Chattels and Credits of the said deceased and 
also the Auditing allowing and final discharging the 
Accompt thereof are well known to appertain only and 
wholly to us and not to any inferior Judge And that Ad- 
ministration of the Goods Chattels and Credits of the said 
John Prentis deceased lying and being in the said Kingdom 
of Great Britain and in the united Netherlands but no 
further or otherwise was granted to the said William Bow- 
doin Executor for that purpose named in the said Will 
being first sworn well and faithfully to Administer the same 
and to make a true and perfect Inventory of the Goods 
Chattels and Credits of the said deceased so limited as afore- 
said and to exhibit the same into the Registry of our said 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury on or before the last day 
of February next ensuing and also to render a just and true 
Accompt thereof Given at the time and place above written 
and in the tenth Year of our Translation. 

W^ Legard 

Hen: Stevens ^ Deputy Registers 

John Stevens 



THOMAS FITCH TO CADWALLADER GOLDEN. 
NoRWALK 22<i February 1765. 
Sir 

On the 18* I received your Letter of the 12*^ Acquaint- 
ing me that John Anderson had Exhibited his Petition to 
You complaining he has lately been sued by some Inhabit- 
ants of this Colony for a Trespass on one of the Islands 
called the Captains Islands, and praying the Interposition of 
your Government in Order to Secure to him the Effect of 
the Royal Bounty in granting to him those Islands under 
your Province Seal His Petition you Mention was not in- 
closed the Purport therefore of it I collect only from your 
Letter. 



THOMAS FITCH. 331 

The Proposal you are pleased to make this Government 
of Submitting the Matter of the Jurisdiction with Respect 
to those three Islands, and such others in the Sound as are 
or may be contested to the Determination of his Majesty in 
His privy Council, I shall lay before the general Assembly 
of this Colony as soon as Opportunity presents which will 
be in May unless on some Special Occasion it may be found 
necessary for it to meet sooner. I must Observe a proposal 
to this Government to Submit a Matter of Jurisdiction 
which it has Exercised without Controversy or Interrup- 
tion for more than one Hundred Years, founded as we at 
least Suppose on good and Legal Authority was unexpected, 
and that After New York and Connecticut had Settled the 
Lines of Government with so great Precision and Certainty 
and Connecticut had made such great Condescentions there- 
in, I hoped they would have had no Occasion to Enter into 
further Contests on that Head. However I shall Refer the 
whole to the Assembly who Alone can properly Determine 
these Matters 

And Am Sir with great Regard your 

most obedient and most humble Servant 
THOS FITCH 

The Honbie L* Gov Colden 
[Indorsed] Letter to L* Govr Colden 22^ February 1765. 

THOMAS FITCH TO RICHARD JACKSON. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote on February 25, 1765, 
to Richard Jackson regarding Samuel Mason's Mohegan 
Indian claim and stating facts that might be used in oppo- 
sing the claim. See Jackson's letter to Fitch of June 5, 
1765-] 

FRANCIS BERNARD TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Boston, Mar. 4, 1765. 
Sir, 

A Discovery having been made here of a murder & 
piracy committed on the Coast of Africa, I have caused the 
person charged therewith to be strictly examined. I here- 



332 



FITCH PAPERS. 



by transmit to you a Copy of his Examination, that you 
may be enabled to pursue such Measures as you shall think 
most proper to discover & apprehend such of the murderers 
& pirates as may be found with your Government. I shall 
order the examinate to be kept in prison, in hopes that he 
may be of use as a Witness against the rest of his associates, 
especially those, v^^ho by his Account, appear to be much 
guiltier than himself. 

I am, with great regard, 

S' Your most obedient, & 

most humble Servant, 

FRA BERNARD 
The Honble Gov Fitch 
[Indorsed] Letter from Gov Bernard 4'^ March 1765. Rec^ 
12'h with the inclosed Copy of Disposition 

JARED INGERSOLL TO THOMAS FITCH.* 

London 6*^ March 1765 
Sir 

In my last, which was by the last mail to New York, I 
gave you a particular Account of the reception the Ameri- 
can Stamp Bill met with in the house of Commons upon 
the first bringing of it in. Since that time, in the farther 
progress of the bill through the House, there have been 
some farther debates, the most considerable of which was 
at the second reading of ye bill, upon the offer of the Peti- 
tions from the Colonies against the saine. You doubtless 
know that no Petition can be offered or presented to Parlia- 
ment but by some Member of ye house. The first that was 
offerred was by M*" Fuller a West india Planter in behalf of 
the Merchants in London trading to America. These 
Gentlemen it seems are much alarm^ on account of their 
outstanding Debts in America, which it is said Do not fall 
short of four Millions Including ye West Indies. Substance 
& purport of ye Petition being opened & stated by M"" Fuller 
& leave being asked to bring it in, 'twas Strongly Objected 



♦ This letter was first published in 1766, in Mr. Ingei-solVs Letters relating to 
the Stamp. Act. 



JARED INGERSOLL. 333 

to, upon a principle which it seems has long been adopted 
by ye House tJiat no petition shall be Received against a 
Money Bill ; this Drew into a Discussion & Consideration 
How Peremptory this Rule of the House was, how long- it 
had been adhered to, & y^ Grounds & Principles upon which 
it was founded. Upon the whole I think it appears the rule 
had not been deviated from, for about forty years last past. 
The Reason of the Rule is said to be y^ Manifest inconven- 
ience that used to arise by Having so much of the time 
taken up in Hearing the various & allmost innumerable 
Claims, Reasons & pretentions of ye many Subjects against 
being Taxed — & that there was the less reason for hearing 
Em, against laying a Tax, as it is at the same time an in- 
variable rule that the Subject may Petition for the repeal 
of a Law Imposing a tax after that tax is laid & Experience 
had of the Effects, & finally that however reasonable it 
might be to hear the Americans themselves, there could be 
no reason for hearing the London Merchants in their behalf. 

On the other side it was said, that the rule was not any 
Order of the House, but merely a practice as founded on 
Experience & to prevent inconvenience: — that however un- 
reasonable it would be to Admit English Subjects upon 
every Imposition of a tax to come & be heard upon Peti- 
tions against the same, yet even in England it appeared by 
precedents produced, that when any new species of taxation 
had been set-on foot, particularly the matter of funding, so 
called, i. e. borrowing of the Subject & paying Interest by 
various taxes, that Petitions had been admitted against the 
measure, and also on some other particular and extraordin- 
ary Occasions formerly, & that this Case as to America was 
quite new & particularly hard as they had no Members in 
the House to spead for them. 

Upon the whole the Question being about to be put, 
Mr Fuller seeing pretty plainly which way it would be 
carried, withdrew his Petition. Next S^ William Meredith 
presented one in behalf of the Colony of Virginia; this was 
drawn up here by their Agent M^ Montegue, but had inter- 
wove in it some Expressions of the Assembly of Virginia 



334 FITCH PAPERS. 

contained in their Votes & which at least strongly implied 
their denial of the right of Parliament to tax the Colonies. 
This drew on a pretty warm debate. M*" Yorke the late 
Attorney General Delivered himself in a very long Speech 
in which he endeavoured to evince that the Kings Grants 
contained in the Charters to some, & in the Commissions to 
the Governors in the other Colonies, could, in their natures, 
be no more than to answer particular local & Provincial 
purposes & could not take the People in America out of y^ 
General & Supreme Jurisdiction of Parliament &c &c. The 
General Rule of the House against Receiving Petitions 
against money bills was also again urged; — on the other 
Side I think no-body but General Conway Denied the right 
of Parliament to tax us; this to be sure he did in y^ most 
Peremtory manner & urged with Great Vehemence ye many 
Hardships & what he was Pleased to Call Absurdities y' 
would follow from the contrary Doctrine & practice; y^ 
Hardships & Inconveniences were also again urged & placed 
in various lights by our other Friends in the House. And 
here I would remark y' in ye whole Debate first & last Al- 
derman Beckford & Gi Conway were ye Only Persons who 
Disputed ye right of Parliament to tax us. This is the same 
G' Conway who was Dismissed from all his offices just at 
Close of ye last Sessions for his Continual opposition to all 
the Measures of the Present Ministry; & here I find myself 
Obliged to say y' Except ye Gentlemen Interested in ye 
West Indies & in a few Members y' happen to be Particu- 
larly connected with some of the colonies & a few of the 
heads of the minority who are sure to athwart & oppose ye 
Ministry in Every Measure of what Nature or kind soever, 
I say Except these few Persons so Circumstanced there are 
Scarce any People here, Either within Doors or Without, 
but what approve the Measures now taking which Regard 
America. Upon the Whole the Question being put Whether 
the House would Receive ye Petition, it Passed in the Neg- 
ative by a great Majority. Then M"" Jackson offered ours 
which met with the same Fate. He then acquainted ye 
House yt he had one to offer for ye Massachusets Colony, 



.TARED INGERSOLL, 335 

which however as it respected as well the late act called the 
Sugar act as the present, & seeing which way the same 
would be governed he told the house he would defer it till 
another Time; «& here I ought not to omit to acquaint you 
that Mr Charles, Agent for N. York, had received a Petition 
from his Constituents with orders to present the same, but 
which was conceived in terms so inflammatory that he could 
not prevail on any one Member of the House to present it. 
I forgot to mention that M^ Garth, a Member of the House, 
offered one for S: Carolina for which Colony he is Agent, 
which met with the same fate with the Rest. The other 
Agents seeing the point thus ruled, I suppose thought it to 
no purpose to offer any more. — It is about 4 Days since the 
Bill passed through all the necessary forms in the house of 
Commons & is now ready & lies before the Lords for their 
Concurrence; it is to take place the first Day of November 
next. As to the other regulations which regard America 
that either have taken place or are intended so to do, this 
session, they are as follows:— first of all the Stamp Duty 
which by the bill was laid on all Salaries which Exceed ;^2o, 
upon a strong representation that the Judges Salaries in 
America in general are very low, is dropt out of the Bill. 
The Courts of Admiralty have been complained of as not 
only infringing on English Lyberty by taking aw^y trials by 
Jury, but as being so placed as to take people for trial from 
one End of America almost to the other. As to the first of 
these Objections they say here that there is no safety in 
trusting the breach of revenue laws to a Jury of the Country 
where the Offence is committed, that they find even in 
England they never can obtain Verdicts where Smugling is 
practised & therfore always bring the Causes up for trial 
to London. To remedy the Second tis determined to have 
three Judges Extraordinary sent from England, — to be 
placed, one at Boston (by removing to that place y^ one now 
at Halifax), ye others to be at N York & Philadelphia, or at 
Philadelphia & Charles Town; the Persons to be able men 
bred at Doctors commons, with a Salary Each of ;^8oo Per 
Annum, to be peremtorily forbid Taking any Fees Whatso- 



336 FITCH PAPERS. 

ever, to have Jurisdictions concurrant with ye other Judges 
of Admiralty in America, that is an ordinary Jurisdiction 
the same with them, and also an Extraordinary one, of 
Hearing whatsoever causes shall be Brought before them by 
appeal from ye other admiralty Judges; all Prosecutions for 
ye breach of revenue laws to be either in the courts of com- 
mon law or courts of Admiralty, at ye Election of ye Prose- 
cutor; & if brought before a court of Admiralty to be before 
a Judge in the Colony where ye offence is Committed, or if 
at Sea to ye Next, that is to the nearest in Point of Distance ; 
y' ye fees of Office in ye custom Houses shall be all fixt & be 
ye same in All; that an Alteration in ye late act shall be 
made, giving a liberty of Carying Lumber Directly to Ire- 
land & also to any Parts of Europe South of Cape Finisterre. 
A farther alteration has been Asdk'd, viz. of liberty to cary 
wine, fruit & oil directly from Portugal & Spain &c to 
America, and to suffer a Draw back upon forreighn Sugars 
upon Reexportation to Europe, as also an Abatement of ye 
Duty upon Molases, but these are at present Denied: — the 
first from a fear y' ye Duty upon ye Wines will not be paid 
in America, there not having as yet been time for a full 
proof of ye Punctuality of ye Custom-Houses there; ye 2^ 
because of Great Frauds being Generaly practiced in ye 
Cases of Draw back iipon reexportation; and ye 3d because 
there has not been Sufficient Experience of what duty ye 
Molases will bear. Some Alterations also tis said will be 
made with Regard to y* Strictness that is required in ye 
Matter of Cockets for Every article of Goods caryed Coast- 
wise &c. These I believe are ye principal regulations that 
relate to America, that may be expected to take place this 
Session. — And here as well to do Justice to the Minister M"" 
Grenville as to the Comparative few who have interested 
themselves in the Concerns of America, I beg leave to say 
that I think no pains have been spared, on the one Side in 
behalf of America to make the most ample & strong repre- 
sentation in their favour, & on the other on the part of the 
Minister to hear patiently, to listen attentively to the rea- 
sonings & to Determin at least seemingly with coolness & 



JARED INGERSOLL. 337 

upon principle upon the several Measures, which are Re- 
solved on. 

I have no need to tell you that in modern times convin- 
cing the Minister is convincing the House here, Especially 
in matters of Revenue, — I forgot one Article viz. the Post 
Office, ye fees of which tis said are to be lowerd in America. 

And now S^ in order to give you, in the best manner 
I am able, an Idea of the Conferences, Setiments & reason- 
ings upon these Subjects, on this Side the Water, you will 
be pleased to Imagine to yourself a few Americans with the 
Minister, or any other on that part, and after much time 
spent in Enquiry, various observations & remarks, he say- 
ing to them as follows, You will be pleased, laying aside all 
consideration of past Services on your Part or on ours, they 
have both been very great, to consider what is ye present 
state of things; there is an immense national Debt, not less 
than one hundred & forty Millions Lying heavy on this 
Nation, for which an annual interest is paid; by the best in- 
formations we can get the whole of the publick Debt now in 
arrear of all the Colonies together is about Eight Hundred 
Thousand pounds. The Civil Establishment here for the 
Support of Government is Eight hundred thousand pounds 
a Year — that of all the Colonies together we find to be 
about forty thousand pounds p^ annum only. You say you 
are comparatively poor to what we are; tis difficult meas- 
uring this point, but however opulent some in these King- 
doms are tis well known the many can but just live. The 
Military & naval Establishment here is immense, but with- 
out considering that, the amount of the Expence of the 
Army now placed in America & which is thought quite 
necessary, as well on Account of the trouble with the In- 
dians as for general defence against other nations & the 
like in so Extensive a Country, is upwards of three hundred 
thousand pounds a Year. We shall be glad to find that the 
Stamp Duty now laying on America shall amount to forty 
or fifty thousand pounds & that all the Duties together, the 
post Office & those laid upon Molasses & other ways shall 
amount to one hundred thousand pounds a Year, so that 



:i^^ FITCH PAPERS, 

there will not only not be any money brought away from 
America by means of these Duties, but there will be a bal- 
lance of more than two hundred thousand pounds sent over 
every year from England to be spent in America. You say 
the Colonies think they can, & that they are willing to do 
something in the Common Cause; — is this too much? we 
think it is not, but if on trial we find it is , we will certainly 
lessen it. As to our Authority to lay these Duties or taxes 
— to us tis so clear a point that to be sure we dont care to 
have a Question made of it. And dont you yourselves 
even want to have us Exercise this Authority in your turn? 
dont some of you Complain, & perhaps very justly, that in 
the late war, while some of you did much, others did but 
little or perhaps nothing at all — and would not that be the 
Case again was you left to Defend yourselves? No doubt 
it would, unless you were Erected into one power by a 
Union of the whole, but that is a measure we dont think 
you yourselves, was you in our Steads would think advise- 
able; and there are many reasons why you should wish not 
to have the Country Defended by your own Children. A 
Soldiers life is not only a life of Danger, but in a proper 
Sense is a base life, whereas you have all a Chance in that 
opening Country to raise your families to be considerable in 
time by a diligent Attention to your natural and proper 
business. 

To all this the Americans answer, truly Sr we must own 
there is a weight in your Arguments & a force in your 
reasonings — but after all we must say we are rather silenced 
than convinced. We feel in our bosoms that it will be for 
ever inconvenient, 'twill for ever be dangerous to America 
that they should be taxed by the Authority of a British par- 
liament by reason of our great distance from you ; that 
general want of mutual knowledge & acquaintance with 
each other, — that want of Connexion & personal friendship, 
& we without any persons of our own Appointing, who will 
have any thing to fear or hope from us, to speak for us in 
the great Council of the nation — we fear a foundation will 
be laid for mutual Jealousy and ill will, & that your resent- 



JARED INGERSOLL. 339 

ments being kindled you will be apt to lay upon us more & 
more, even to a Degree that will be truly grievous & if that 
should be the Case that twill be hard under all the Circum- 
stances, very hard to convince you that you wrong us, & 
that unknown & very unhappy Consequences will Ensue. 

To this the Minister Replies: — 

Come, suppose your Observations are entirely Just, & 
indeed we must own there are inconveniences attending this 
matter; what then is to be done? perhaps you will say let 
the Colonies send Members to Parliament; as to that in the 
first place the Colonies have not told us that they desire 
such a thing, & tis easy to see there are many reasons why 
they should not desire it. The Expense would probably be 
very great to 'Em ; they could not Expect to be allowed to 
have a Majority of Members in the house, and the very in- 
conveniencies which you urge with regard to the people in 
America would in many respects & to a Degree take place 
with regard to their Members. What then? Shall no Steps 
be taken & must we and America be two distinct kingdoms 
& that now immediately, or must America be Defended en- 
tirely by us, & be themselves quite excused or be left to do 
just what they shall please to do? Some perhaps will do 
something & others nothing. Perhaps from the nature of 
our Situations it will happen & must be Expected that one 
Day we shall be two distinct Kingdoms, but we trust even 
you wont say you think yourselves ripe for that Event as 
yet. You are continually increasing in numbers & in 
strength; we are perhaps come, at least, to our full growth. 
Let us then leave these possible Events to the disposal of 
providence. We own on our part we dont choose to predict, 
nor yet to hasten the time of this supposed period, & think 
it would be to our mutual disadvantage for us to attempt a 
separation. 

Let us then, instead of predicting the worst, hope that 
mutual Interest as well as duty will keep us on both Sides 
within the bounds of Justice. We trust we shall never in- 
tentionally burden you unreasonably; if at any time we shall 
happen to do it by Mistake, Let us know it & I trust it will 



340 FITCH PAPERS. 

be remedied. You find & I trust always will find an easy 
Access to those who from their Office have the principal 
Conduct of Revenue Laws, and we on our part find with 
pleasure that America is not destitute of persons, who at 
the same time that they have the tenderest regard for their 
Interests are well able to Represent to us their Affairs & 
who if they do it with integrity & Candor, will be sure to 
meet with our fullest Confidence. Let mutual Confidence 
and mutual Uprightness of intention take place & no con- 
siderable Ills can follow. 

As to any reflections upon the matter I choose rather to 
leave them to you than attempt to make them myself, & am 
S*" with great Esteem 

Yr most Obedient 

Most Humble Ser' 

J. INGERSOLL 
P S March 9 

There is now strong application making for an Act of 
Parliament, for a bounty on various kinds of timber, plank 
& boards imported, to which the Minister seems to lend a 
favourable Ear. 

Tis said that it is intended to give the business of Col- 
lecting & paying the Stamp Duty to Americans in the re- 
spective Colonies. 

I am not without some hopes of having the pleasure of 
seeing you at Hartford before the rising of the Assembly in 
the May Sessions, having taken my passage in the Boscowen 
Capt Jacobson bound to Boston & who expects to sail the 
beginning of April. 

J. L 

Gov"" Fitch 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 
Sir 

I take the earliest Opportunity of acquainting you, that 
the Bill for imposing Stamp Duties on ye American & West 
Indian Colonies is passed by the House of Commons, & will 
not probably be debated in the House of Lords; in our 



RICHARD JACKSON. 341 

House it was a good while depending, & frequently de- 
bated, but, as the House would not suffer its Power to be 
questioned I mean its Constitutional Right; so a very great 
Majority thought ihat there were reasons now subsisting 
for exercising that Power & Right; it was admitted by 
single Members in ye Debate there were Reasons why Parl't 
should restrain itself from interfering in the Domestick Con- 
cerns of a Particular Colony ; but that the Parlt only could 
provide for the Expence of the general Concerns, because y^ 
Parlt only could impose a general Tax. I confess I have 
always thought that the Expence was not altogether neces- 
sary, & that so much of it as was might have been provided 
for another way. I therefore spoke & divided against the 
Bill, & offered to the House 2 Petns ag' it, the first that of 
ye Colony of Connecticut, the other that of the Massachu- 
setts, but they were both deemed inadmissable by the Rules 
of ye House, which do not admit Pet^s against a Money Bill, 
& have not done it for many years though they have form- 
erly admitted them. The Petition from Virginia was first 
presented & refused on this Principle, at the same time that 
many Gentlemen who concurred in refusing to admit the 
Petition, wished earnestly, they were not confined by the 
strict Rules of the House. 

I thought it however right to take the sense of ye House 
on the Pet" of our Colony after they had rejected that from 
Virginia, but as they deemed it liable to the same objns, 
I contented myself with only offering that from ye Massa- 
chusetts, without pressing it. 

The Stamp Duty is some heavier than I thought it, 
when I opposed the first Motion, yet I hope it will not be 
intolerable, & though I am far from thinking the Regular 
forces in America all necessary for the Security of New 
England especially, yet this good will result from the Con- 
quest of Canada, & the secure Preservation of it as well as 
from the shutting ye Door on all sides of N America agt ye 
French that great & unusual Burthens will be for ye future 
not to be feared as they might well have been, had Canada 
continued in ye Possession of France, or fallen again into 



342 FITCH PAPERS. 

her hands. It is likewise proper to observe that Great Brit- 
ain will still be at a considerable Expence in contributing to 
support the Forces in America. I hope therefore that ye 
Tax will be cheerfully, or at least patiently submitted to ; if 
it be never multiplied or augmented, which there seems no 
grounds at present to Apprehend & which I shall oppose 
with all ye little weight I have. I flatter myself Frugality 
& Industry will enable us to support it. I am Sir 
With much Regard 

yr most Obedt 

most hble Servant 

RD JACKSON 
Inner Temple 9 Mar 1765 
[Superscribed] To The Honble Thomas Fitch Esq^ Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

13 Apr 1765 
Sir 

I take this earliest Opportunity by the Pacquet of ac- 
quainting you that I have received for the use of the Colony, 
of ye Executors of the late M^ Partridge 2524^ 15s i^ since 
I wrote last. 

This sum is the whole of what we are to expect on that 
Acct, & though it is above 6oo;^ below what we proved due 
to the Colony, yet I believe it not more than 450 below what 
could have been recovered agt him had he been alive, & it 
is free of all costs & charges except a small sum due to our 
Solir which I hope will not exceed 3 or 4 ;^, the rest of ye 
Costs were first taken out of Partridges Effects before they 
were divided. 

I shall write more fully by the next New York ship & 
shall inclose a Copy of ye Stamp Act which passed notwith- 
standing all ye Opposition we could give to it. We expect 
every day some adverse step against the Colony on the Part 
of ye Mohegin Indians & are preparing for it. 

I hope Mr Ingersol writes more fully than a great Mul- 
tiplicity of Business permits me to do. I endeavour to ac- 



RICHARD JACKSON. 343 

quaint him with every thing concerning the Interests of ye 
Colony & he has very good Opportunity besides of inform- 
ing himself. I am Sir with great Esteem & Regard 
yr most Obedt 

& most hble Sevt 

RD JACKSON 
[Superscribed] To The Honble Thomas Fitch Esq^ Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut 



RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Inner Temple 19 Ap' 1765 
Sir 

I acquainted you by the last Packer that I had received 
for the Use of the Colony out of the Estate & Effects of ye 
late Richard Partridge the sum of 2524^ & a fraction; this 
Sum is subject only to some very small deduction of what is 
yet due to the Colonys Solicitor, the Costs of ye Suit prior 
to the making the division, having been paid by Order of ye 
Court out of ye Effects. 

This day the 2 Houses of Parliament met again for the 
dispatch of Ordinary Business after ye Tryal of Lord Biron. 
We read a 2^ time in the house of Commons a Bill for 
Quartering Soldiers in America & for impressing Carriages 
on Marches, & other Purposes of that sort. This has 
appeared to Gentlemen of every station that interest them- 
selves on the behalf of the Colonies a very vigorous & hard 
Law, & likely to produce Oppression, when ye Commander 
in chief shall chance to be a Man unfit to be intrusted with 
Power, & therefore we have thrown out our Objections to 
it in the house, but as we do not object to every part of ye 
Bill, (such as those parts that punish Deserters, those who 
harbour them, or buy their Arms & Accoutrements) we 
have hitherto reserved our Opposition chiefly for the Com- 
mittee, which sits next friday, & in which it is proper to 
examine every part of ye Bill «& reject such parts as are im- 
proper; such we deem to be a Claim, that under the Cloak 



344 FITCH PAPERS. 

of the Expression (as has been heretofore practised) im- 
powers ye Civil Magistrate to quarter. Soldiers in private 
Houses whose barracks are wanting & ye Publick Houses 
insufficient. 

This Clause will be strongly opposed if persisted in, 
but I flatter myself from what I know of the Disposition of 
some Gentlemen in Power, that it will be dropped, & that 
where there are not publick Houses to quarter the Soldiers 
in, provision will be made for lodging them in Barns or 
other outhouses, in case, the Weather does not permit their 
Incamping, as I conjecture it will for the most part, be- 
cause there can be seldom a necessity to remove Soldiers in 
the Winter. 

I have good reason to believe that the Prohibition of 
importing Lumber into Ireland & every part of Europe will 
be taken off, I have not confined my Endeavours to this 
head, but have used all my Efforts to procure the Indul- 
gence of carrying Wine & Fruits from Portugal to America 
but in this Issue, have not, though assisted as in the other 
by many other Gentlemen, had so good Success. 

However we have a promise of a Bounty on American 
Timber imported into England, this Bounty will not proba- 
bly be so extensive as at first hoped, but cannot but be very 
beneficial to both Countrys as I have frequently known 
Cargos brought hither even without y^ Bounty from Piscat- 
away, & if they have not rendered Profit, they have at least 
paid Cost & Freight. 2 or 300 ^ bounty therefore on a 
Cargo of Boards & Timber, may perhaps in time prove an 
Encouragement for the Opening a very beneficial Trade, & 
particularly may contribute a little to the facilitating a 
direct Intercourse between Great Britain and Connecticut. 
I am Sir with great Truth & Regard 
yr most Obedt 

& most hble Servt 

RD JACKSON. 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Agent Jackson 19th April Rec^ 

i6'h July 1765. 



merchants' petition to the general assembly. 345 

MERCHANTS' PETITION TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

To the Honourable the General Assembly of the Col- 
ony of Connecticut In New England in America now Sett- 
ing at Hartford.* 

The Humble Petition of the Several Persons whose 

Names are hereunto Subscribed 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Your Honour's Petitioners considering the present 
Languishing Condition of Trade in this Colony, the great 
scarcity of Money, and the Heavy & Grevious Burthens 
with which it is likely to be Afflicted, as well unless your 
Honours do take the same into Your Wise Consideration, 
and seasonably prevent the Fatal Consequences that may 
arise therefrom prove extremely Injurious if not wholly 
and altogether stop the Current of Its Trade. Which Your 
Honours Petitioners humbly conceive is the main Support 
of Numberless Poor Labourers, who without that must un- 
avoidably suffer, to the great detrement of the public as 
well as the ruin of their helpless Families. Your Honours 
Petitioners with the utmost Submission to Your Honour's 
better Wisdom have the Greatest Reason to hope that every 
Avenue that leads to It's further destruction, in any man- 
ner whatever, will meet with Your Honour's Just Resent- 
ment & Disapprobation, and that Your Honours will be 
pleased to Suppress & as far as possible put a Stop to the 
Injuries done to the Trade of this Colony by strangers & 
Forreigners, the fatality of which this Colony in General & 
more especially Your Honours Petitioners have already 
severely experienced, & the Continual Usage from Day to 
Day of the Like Unwarrantable Practice by which Your 
Honours Petitioners must in all probability be ruined, un- 
less Your Honours should be Graciously pleased to remedy 
the same, by preventing (if possible) anything of the kind 
being any further pursued. Your Honours Petitioners 
therefore Humbly Beg that Your Honours would be pleased 
to Prohibit or lay such an Additional Duty upon All Rum, 



* A modern indorsement gives the date of this petition as May 1765. Its sign- 
ers were Fairfield County residents. 



346 FITCH PAPERS. 

Sugar, Molasses, Salt, and All East India & European 
Goods that may or shall be Brought or Imported into this 
Colony by any Person or Persons whatsoever Belonging to 
or resident in the Neighbouring Governments, by The con- 
tinual Usage of which Dangerous Custom Your Honour's 
Petitioners as Merchants & every other fair Trader are 
greatly injured, those Persons not paying Governmental 
Taxes or Duties as Your Honours Petitioners do and there- 
fore they are capable of underselling Your Honours Peti- 
tioners & every otherTrader in this Colony, to the Grevious 
Injury of Your Honours Petitioners & the Destruction of 
the Trade & Commerce of this Government, Than which 
nothing can be more destructive striking as it were at the 
very Sinews of their Support, and which must eventually 
prove their Ruin, unless Your Honours will be pleased to 
take the same into your Wise Consideration. And your 
Honours Petitioners also further Beg that Your Honours 
would be pleased to Prohibit or lay such a Fine in Addition 
to what has already been laid upon All Pedlars who may 
pass or shall pass through this Colony as may Suppress & 
put a Stop to so Growing an Evil, the Fatality of which 
must be too Glaring to be passed over unobserved by Your 
Honours. Those Persons carrying away all the small re- 
mains of Circulating Cash which is in the Colony, into other 
Governments whereby Your Honours Petitioners are not 
only Greviously Injured, but every other Trader and Indi- 
vidual in the Community Wherefore Your Honours Peti- 
tioners most Humbly pray that this Honourable House 
would take the Premisses into their Consideration, and 
Give them such Relief therein, as to this Honourable As- 
sembly shall seem Meet. And Your Honours Petitioners 
as in Duty Bound shall ever pray &ca* 

John Brooks 
Abijah Beach Ephraim Curtiss 

Alex^ Zuill MV^ Burr 

David Brooks David Lewis 



*At this session the General Assembly raised the annual license fee for 
pedlars from the ^5 at which it had been established in May 1737 to £20. Colonial 
Records, Xll. 356. 



memorial to the general assembly. 347 

Theops Nichols 
Abel Beach 
George Chapman 
Jn° Willoughby 
Beers & Tomlinson 
LeQd Cannon 
Jno Chandler 
Phip Nichols 
Nathan Beers 
Agur Tomlinson 
Robert Fairchild 



MEMORIAL TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

To the Honorable General Assembly of the Colony of 
Connecticut to be holden at Hartford in said Colony on the 
2<i Thirsday of may A D 1765 

The memorial of Sam" Bradley Juf and others whose 
Names are hereunto Subscribed Traders and Dealers in the 
Town of Fairfield in said Colony humbly sheweth That by 
the Laws of said Colony they are Subjected to the Payment 
of Taxes for the Support of Government &c in Proportion 
to the Gains And Profits they respectively make and acquire 
in their said Business of Trading and dealing which they 
Entirely acquiesse in and think the same most reasonable and 
just But your Honours Memorialists beg Leave to Complain 
and Inform your Honours that for Several Years Last past 
People belonging to the Other Colonies not being Inhabit- 
ants of this Colony have Come into this Colony and partic- 
ularly unto the said Town of Fairfield and there sold and 
disposed of Large Quantities of Merchandize free and Clear 
of all Duties and Taxes whereby they have gained and ac- 
quired Large Sums of money which has a Tendency to drain 
this Colony of money which is greatly needed at this 
Difficult Time and your Honours memorialists Think 'Tis 
an unequal way and not only Injurious to them As Individ- 
uals but to the Colony in general as there is no Law to 
oblige those who Come from the other Colonies with Goods 



348 FITCH PAPERS. 

into this Government to pay any Duty or Tax proportionable 
to the Gains they make or any other Way Contribute to the 
Defraying any of the public Charges which your memorial- 
ists wou'd be better able to do in Case Foreigners were pro- 
hibited from Trading in this Colony or obliged to pay a 
Certain Sum in Proportion to the Quantity of Goods sold or 
Imported Wherefore your Memorialists pray your Honours 
Would Take the aforesaid Matters into Consideration and 
in your great Wisdom Order that all Foreigners who Come 
into the Colony with Goods & Merchandize to vend & put 
off the same in this Colony shall pay a Duty in Proportion 
to the Quantity of Goods Imported or sold or in some other 
way Order & grant Relief to your Memorialists and they as 
in Dut)^ bound shall Ever pray. 

Dated in Fairfield 6*^ May Anno Dom 1765. 

Sam"- Bradley Jvn^ 
Seth Osborn 
Job Bartram 
jon^"" bulkeley 
Sam^ Squier Ju'* 
John Squier 



FRANCIS BERNARD TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Boston, May 31st, 1765. 
Sir, 

By the desire of Gov'' Lyttleton, I send you a Copy of a 
Letter of his to me. The Certificates He has expected from 
me have been sent some time ago. 

I am, with great regard, 

S'' Your most obedient 

Humble Servant, 
FRA BERNARD 
The Honble Gov Fitch 
[Indorsed] Letter from Gov^ Bernard 31st May 1765. Rec^ 
in June. 



WILLIAM HENRY LYTTLETON. 349 

WILLIAM HENRY LYTTLETON TO FRANCIS BERNARD. 

Copy 

Jamaica, April 9th, 1765. 
Sir 

The Earl of Halifax, one of His Majesty's Principal 
Secretaries of State, having instructed me to settle in con- 
cert with Monsieur D'Estaing, the French Governor of S* 
Domingo, an account of the Damages sustained by His 
Majesty's subjects on Turks Islands, in the Month of June 
last, & having acquainted me that he had signified His 
Majesty's pleasure to your Excellency, that you should pro- 
cure & transmit to me an Account certified upon Oath, of 
the Losses & Dangers sustained by the sevral sufferers, 
resident within your Government; I beg leave to inform 
you, that I have not yet received that account; and as I can- 
not proceed without it to settle the general one with the 
Count D'Estaing, I must desire your Excellency will be 
pleased to send it to me by the first good Conveyance, and 
a duplicate by some other Vessel; and as I imagine the 
Governors of New Hampshire, Connecticut, & Rhode Island, 
were comprehended in His Majesty's Orders abovemen- 
tioned, I beg the favor of your Excellency to communicate 
the purport of this Letter to them. 

I have the honour to be, 

Sir Your Excellency's 

Most Obedient 
humble Servant, 

W H LYTTLETON. 
His Excellency Gov^" Bernard 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

5 June 1765 
Sir 

I received your Letter of the 25 feby 2 days ago & shall 
make the best use I am able of the Materials contained in it, 
respecting Masons Claim on behalf of y^ Mohegan Indians, 
the facts you mention are perfectly agreable to the light 



35© FITCH PAPERS. 

in which I have long seen this Affair & I think ought to be 
known, because though they will not probably be deemed 
sufficient to overturn the Merits in the Indian Claim, if there 
were truly any, they seem very proper to oppose to the 
Prejudices that appear to me the only support of a Cause 
that has no substantial Merits. I know no effectual Method 
of proving the Deeds you speak of, before the Lords of the 
Counsel but by some Commission out of their own Court, 
from hence, which can neither be obtained, nor would prob- 
ably be worth while, but if any of the Deeds could be pro- 
cured & sent over & ye Execution of them be verifyed by 
affidavits possibly some use might be made of them 

The Stamp Duties have now passed both houses of Par- 
liamt some time, notwithstanding all the Opposition we 
we could give them I opposed them in the House of Com- 
mons as several other Gentlemen did too, but our Divisions 
were very weak. The Arguments I used on the Occasion 
were such as I thought would have most weight. I know 
that such as tended to overturn ye Power of ye Parliament 
would have none, & indeed prove abundantly too much; in 
every State there must be a supream Legislature, which 
must necessarily have Power over every part of y^ State 
that is intitled to the Protection of the Government ; doubt- 
less many reasons may induce that Legislature to restrain 
its own Power & either to rest satisfyed with the Attainment 
of the same Ends another way, or to delegate the Execution 
of the Power where they may judge it more likely to be 
safely & properly used, without giving that Power up. And 
I think if they should ever begin to make an Ordinary use 
of that Power, they ought as Parlt has before done to give 
a Right of sending Members to the American parts of ye 
British Dominions, & in the mean time, I could wish that 
the Power of taxing were left, where it always seemed to 
me (till ye late resolutions of ye Legislature) to be most 
safely exercised. 

I say Arguments agt the Power of Parliament prove 
too much because they prove that not a single Act of Par- 
liament binds the whole Kingdom of G Britain. I did not 



RICHARD [ACKSON. 



351 



mean to say in my former Letter that 100,000 People only 
were not represented, I should have said, for so the Truth 
is that little more than 100,000 chuse the Whole House of 
Commons & all the rest are unrepresented otherwise than 
by the Construction of our Constitution that y^ H of Com- 
mons represent all the Commons subject of Great Britain, 
which Construction you will see the Necessity of, from the 
Danger there would be, that almost every Act of Parlt 
would fall to the Ground if ye Consent of all ye subjects by 
themselves or reption was really necessary to give it effect. 

But this does not remove the Arguments that arise from 
the Justice & Policy that have formerly governed the Parlia- 
ment on similar Occasions, they did not think the County of 
Durham ought to be free from Taxation because it was un- 
represented, they were of opinion that it was represented, 
though it chose no Members & continued to tax it, but ye 
H of Commons thought this so good a reason for giving it 
Members that they passed several Bills for that purpose & 
at last a Bill passed both houses of Parlt. I inclose my fur- 
ther thoughts on this Subject transcribed from a Letter I 
wrote to Mr Silliman, because they express my opinion fully 
upon it. I am sorry to find that some Aspersions have fallen 
on Mr Dyer as if he had deserted the Cause of those in whose 
favour he came over here in accepting a Post in the Customs, 
to my knowledge the Person who bestowed that place upon 
Mr Dyer did not know the Occasion of his coming over, & in 
case the Susquehannah company can make out ye facts in 
their Petition, I dare say they will yet succeed in it. M"* 
Dyer left it in as favourable a Situation as it was capable of 
& under ye Conduct of a very capable Solicitor. I am Sir 
with the great Esteem & Regard 

Yr most Obedt 

Most hble Serv* 

RD JACKSON 

Honble Tho^ Fitch Esq Gov^ of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from Richard Jackson Esq"" 5th June 1765 

Reed loth August 



352 



FITCH PAPERS. 



JAMES MURRAY* TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Quebec 29*^ June 1765. 
Sir 

I make no doubt but your Excellency must have heard, 
some time since, of the Melancholly accident that happened 
by fire on the i8th day of May last, to the poor People of 
Montreal in this Government. On the news reaching this 
place the Governor and Council Assembled, to consider 
what was most proper to be done for the immediate relief of 
the unhappy Sufferers; and thereupon it was resolved, that 
two members of the Council should go to Montreal, as Com- 
missioners; to inquire into the Event of this dreadful 
Calamity; and to apply thereto such assistance as to them 
should seem fitting: And also to procure every necessary 
Information in order to make a true Report of the real Loss 
sustained by the Inhabitants; Which the Head of every 
Family has respectively Attested upon Oath, Amounting in 
the whole to ^116773 18 6 Current Money of this Prov- 
ince, or, ;^8758o 8 loj^ Sterling, Copy whereof Accompa- 
nies this under the Broad Seal of the Province and my Sig- 
nature thereto. 

It would be needless Sir, to say any thing on this occa- 
sion, to induce your Excellency and your Council to exert 
your Influence and good offices in so Laudable a work, as 
that of prevailing with the Affluent in your Province, to 
Contribute their Mite to the relief of the miserable Suffer- 
ers, who having lost almost all they were worth before, by 
the Ravages of War and the none payment of their paper 
Money, nothing remained to Compleat their Wretchedness 
but this unhappy Accident. I cannot Omit on this occasion 
applauding in the strongest manner the behaviour of His 
Majesty's new Subjects in this Province, a seasonable relief 
at this time must Rivet their Affections to the British 
Government, and Silence those among them who would in- 
sinuate that the Professors of our Religion do not possess 
the Christian Virtues to an Eminent Degree. 

I have the Honour to be with great truth and Regard 
Sir Your most Obed* and most 

Faithfull Humble Servant 
JA: MURRAY 

The Honble Thomas Fitch Esq/ 

* Governor of Canada. 



ACCOUNT OF KILLS OF EXCHANGE. 353 

HENRY SEYMOUR CONWAY TO COLONY OF 
CONNECTICUT. 

St James's July 12'h 1765. 
Gentlemen^ 

The King having been graciously pleased, upon the 
Resignation of the Earl of Halifax, to deliver to me the 
Seals for the Southern Department, I take the first Oppor- 
tunity of notifiying the same to You; and am to acquaint 
You, by His Majesty's Command, that Your Dispatches are 
to be henceforward directed to me, which I shall punctually 
lay before The King, and shall not fail, from Time to Time, 
to transmit to You such orders as I may have the Honour 
to receive from His Majesty upon them. 

I am with great Truth and Regard 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

H. S. CONWAY 
Governor & Compy of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Secrety Conway 12'^ July 1765. 
Reed 2ist Sepf 



ACCOUNT OF BILLS OF EXCHANGE DRAWN ON 
THE COLONY'S AGENT. 

An Account of the Sum Total of the Bills of Exchange 
Drawn by Governor Fitch on the Colony's Agent or Agents 
in England agreable to Acts of Assembly and Certificates 
from the Committee is as follows — 

viz From the i5'^» March 1759 To the j 
28'h July 1765 in Sterling amounts to the v ^172467 10 8 i 
Sum of ) 

N B: Some time before the Date of 
the above Drafts there was Drawn on M«" 
agent Partridge by special Act of Assem- 
bly the Sum of 1000 000 

^173467 10 8 I 



354 FITCH PAPERS. 

THOMAS FITCH TO RICHARD JACKSON. 

[Governor Thomas Fitch wrote oh July 29, 1765, to 
Richard Jackson. The contents of this letter are not known ; 
but it may be presumed to have related to the agent's ac- 
counts with the Colony. See Jackson's letter to Fitch of 
Oct. 3, 1765-] 



HENRY SEYMOUR CONWAY TO COLONY OF 
CONNECTICUT. 

S* James's, lo'ii August 1765. 
Ge7itlcvie)i, 

Yours of the 13'^ November 1764, inclosing the Instru- 
ments for the Stamp Duties, has been received, as also 
another of the same Date, promising a Map of the Province, 
as soon as it can be prepared. I have no new Directions to 
give You from His Majesty; but must recommend a Con- 
tinuance of your most serious Attention to the Object men- 
tioned in the Letter of His Majesty's then Secretary of wState 
of the nth of August. 

I am, with great Truth and Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant. 

H. S. CONWAY. 
Governor and Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Secretary Conway loth August 
1765 Rec^ 7th Octobr 1765. 



COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE AND PLANTATIONS 
TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Whitehall August 23. 1765 
Gentlemen^ 

His Majesty having appointed us His Commissioners 
for promoting the Trade of this Kingdom, and for inspect- 
ing and improving His Majesty's foreign Colonies and 
Plantations, it is our Duty to acquaint you therewith, and 



JONATHAN TRUMBLE. 355 

to desire, that you will, from time to time by every Oppor- 
tunity that offers, transmit to us an exact and faithfull 
Account of all Occurrences within the Colony under your 
Government. 

We are. Gentlemen 

Your humble Servants 

DARTMOUTH 
JOHN ROBERTS. 
J. DYSON 
WM FITZHERBERT 
Gov^ & Company of Connecticut 



JONATHAN TRUMBLE TO THOMAS FITCH. 
Sir 

The People in this part of the Colony, are very Jealous 
for their Liberties; and Desire That The most Vigorous 
Exertions be made for the Repeal of the Late Act of Par- 
liament, for Granting & Applying Certain Stamp Duties & 
Other Duties in the British Colonies & Plantations in Amer- 
ica &c, which they look on to be utterly subversive of their 
Rights & Priviledges both by Charter, and as English Men; 
& That a Special Assembly be Called as soon as possible, 
to Appoint Comissioners to Meet with such as are or shall 
be Appointed from the other American Colonies at New 
York On The first of October next, to prepare and Unitedly 
Agree on an Address to King & Petition to the Parliament 
for the Repeal of that Act, and for Redress of the Burdens 
laid On Trade &c. They Apprehend the Meeting of the 
Assembly at the stated season in October will be too late 
for such Appointment &c 

The Freemen at Their Meeting Yesterday in this & 
several Other Neighbouring Towns, have Unanimously 
shewn their Minds, by their Votes w^h are Inclosed In This 
Critical & Dangerous Situation of our affairs Tho' we do 
not Doubt your Sincere concern to do Ev-thing for the Se- 
curity of Our Liberties & welfare so we hope 



356 FITCH PAPERS. 

THOMAS FITCH TO WILLIAM PITKIN. 

NoRWALK" 12th Sept. 1765 
Sir 

The Uneasiness of the Country on Account of the 
Assembly's not being called I hear is so great that I have 
tho't it might be for the public Peace to call it have there- 
fore ordered it to meet on thirsday the 19'h Instant at Hart- 
ford* and if it may be consistant with the Business of the 
Court should be glad of the attendance of the Members of 
Supr Court the Scituation of Affairs Require the whole 
Council, be pleased to present my Complements to the other 
Judges with whom together with Your Self I heartily Con- 
dole the Loss of one of your Number a worthy Counsellor 
and Judge.** 

I am with great Respect 

your most humble ser* 

THO« FITCH 
Dep. Gov. Pitkin 

CHARLES LOWNDES TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Sir, 

I am directed by the Lords Commissioners of His 
Majesty's Treasury To signify to your Excellency Their 
Desire that you will give your Aid and Assistance to the 
Distributor of Stamps within your Government in whatever 
may relate to His Duty in the Execution of His Office under 
the Act passed in the last Session of Parliament; and that 
your Excellency would be particular in Seeing that the 
Chief Distributor do appoint under Distributors in every 
proper Town, and Place, within your Government; And 
that each of the Said Under Distributors be well Supply'd 
with Stamps for all Demands, and that Your Excellency 
would be very Attentive to the Detection of any Frauds, 



*The reason for calling this special session of the General Assembly was for 
the appointing of Commissioners to meet with Commissioners from other colonies 
to unite in a representation against " the acts of ParHaroent for levying duties and 
taxes on the Colonies." 

**Daniel Edwards, who died September 6. 



CADWALLADKR COLDEN. 



357 



which may arise in this Branch of His Majesty's Revenues, 
and in case it shall have happen'd that any Chief Distributor 
residing in your Government hath not given Security for 
the due Execution of His Office that your Excellency will 
take care that he do forthwith execute His Bond for the 
same, which Bond when executed Your Excellency is de- 
sired to return to the Stamp Office. My Lords so much 
depend upon your Excellencys Attention to the Publick 
Service that they cannot doubt of receiving Information 
from you in case any Remissness in the Execution of the 
Office of the Chief Distributor within your Government or 
other Mismanagements or abuses whatever shall appear To 
you 

I am Your Excellencys 

Most Obedient 
humble Servant, 
CHA LOWNDES 
Treasury Chambers. Sepf i4fh 1765 
Thos Fitch Esqr Governor of Connecticut 
[Superscribed] On his Majestys service Cha Lowndes To 
His Excellency Thomas Fitch Esqr Governor of Con- 
necticut Or to the person executing that Government 
Treasury 
[Indorsed] Letter from Charles Lowndes Esqr Secre'r of the 
Treasury 14th Sept i^g^ Rgc^ i8th Decembr 1765 



CADWALLADER COLDEN TO JARED INGERSOLL. 

Fort George, New York, Sept. 14'h 1765. 
Sir, 

I have yours of the 9th desiring me to take care of the 
stamp Paper for your Colony when they arrive. In my 
opinion they may be put more safely & with greater ease on 
board one of the Men of War at this Place, & more easily 
conveyed from thence to your Colony, than by placing them 
in this Fort, where it is too probable there will be a necessity 
of placeing those designed for this Colony. This Fort at 
present is crowded with Men & military Stores. It may be 



358 FITCH PAPERS. 

proper for you or some Person for you to be in this place to 
take care of your Stamp'd Papers, as my hands are too full 
with the affairs peculiar to this Province. May you in your 
Colony be enabled to remove from your People this strange 
infatuation which prevails in all the Colonies & which if 
continued must become in the highest degree prejudicial. I 
am with great Regard, Sir, 



RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Weasenham in Norfolk 3 Ocf 1765 
Sir 

I received about a fortnight ago you Letter of the 29th 
July & lest any of my former may have miscarried, I take 
this Opportunity of acknowledging the Receipt of your sev- 
eral Letters of ye 2 2<i Sepr 64 ye 7th Dec & the 2;^^ of Feby 
last, since which Date, I have none with me at this Place, 
anterior to that of ye 29*11 of July & if I did receive any, I 
have left them in London, though I did intend to bring with 
me all my American Letters, that I might read them & con- 
sider them with more Leisure & Attention, than I am usu- 
ally master of in London. 

I wish it was in my Power to send you the Balance of 
the Account between the Colony & myself from Aduce; but 
my Books of Account, are all in London, & though notwith- 
standing the Number of Bills which my Banker accepts, 
every week, & which having before accepted, he pays for 
me within the same Compass; I might make a reasonable 
Conjecture, what ye Balance now is; 1 think you will be able 
from my former Letters & the Ace' of your own Draughts 
to come much nearer the Truth, than I can promise to do 
untile my Return to Town, which will be before the End of 
this Month, so that by the next Packet, at farthest, (perhaps 
by some earlier Opportunity) I shall be able to send the 
Amount of the several Sums received ; by me on Account of 
the Colony; the Bills paid or accepted; the Bills of which I 
have advice, but which are not yet come to hand, the other 
sums disbursed, & finally the Ballance in my hands. 



THOMAS FITCH. 359 

This is a time of year in which very little Publick Busi- 
ness is done or even thought of, I am at present above loo 
Miles from London in a Country Retirement, where I have 
very little Publick News & none that I can depend on, about 
a Month ago, the Day before I left London, I was at the 
Board of Trade, when I had a Conference with the Earl of 
Dartmouth, now at the head of that Board, & had the pleas- 
ure to find his Lordship, much disposed to attend to the 
Business of the Colonies, & to favour them with his good 
Opinion; at the same time, that he said he was obliged to 
confess, that he should not have time to spare from the 
ordinary Business of that Board, to listen to extraordinary 
applications untill towards y^ Winter. 

Some of my former Letters contain my Sentiments so 
fully on the Subject of yours, & our Opinions are so similar 
I need only say, that all my Endeavors shall be employed, 
as they have always been, with zeal, to ease the Colonys of 
ye Burthens that I think are impolitickly laid on them. I 
am Sir with the most sincere Regard 

y most Obedt 

& most hble Servt 

RD JACKSON 
[Superscribed] To the Honble Tho* Fitch Esq Governor of 

Connecticut at Norwalk New England by the Packet. 
[Indorsed] Letter from M"" Agent Jackson 3^1 octobr 1765. 

Rec^ igth Decemb'^ 1765 



THOMAS FITCH TO HENRY SEYMOUR CONWAY. 

Norwalk in Connecticut 7*^ Octobr 1765. 
Sir 

I am to Acknowledge the Receipt of your Letter of the 
12th July notifying us His Majesty hath been graciously 
pleased to Deliver you the Seals for the Southern Depart- 
ment we shall agreable to the Kings Commands address 
our Dispatches to you and also chearfully Obey his Majes- 
ty's Orders which from Time to Time we shall receive. 
Your other Letter of the 10*^ of August is Just come to 



360 FITCH PAPERS. 

Hand. The Map of the Colony Mentioned in My Letter of 
the 13th November last I expect will be printed this fall 
and hope before the end of this year to have the Honor of 
transmitting it to you. 

It has taken more Time to prepare it than was at first 
expected by Reason the Assembly tho't proper to have one 
made containing- not only the general out Lines of the Col- 
ony and the Course of the Posts through the Same but also 
the Interior Parts Such as Counties Towns Harbours Navig- 
able Rivers &c for effecting which proper Persons have 
been employed the Spring and Summer Past. I have Con- 
tinued my Attention to the Object Mentioned in the Earl 
of Hallifaxes Letter of the 11*^ of August 1764 and shall 
still continue to observe His Majesty's Directions therein 
Signifyed, and must Say I think the Officers are careful to 
prevent illicite Trade of every Kind so that I have no par- 
ticular Intelligence Relative to that Matter to transmit. 

I have the Honor to be with the greatest Esteem and 
Regard Sir Your Most Obedient and most Humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 

The Right Honourable Henry S. Conway one of His 
Majestys Principal Secretaries of State 
[Indorsed] Letter to M"" Secy Conway 7th Octobr 1765 
[The copy in the Public Record Office is indorsed "R 15'^ 

Nov."] 



DUTIES COLLECTED IN CONNECTICUT. 

An Account of the Duties collected and of the Fines 
and Forfeitures recovered in the Several Ports now under 
the American Commission between the 29th day of Septem- 
ber 1764 and the 10*^ of October 1765 distinguishing the 
Duties on each Commodity, and whether the Fines and 
Forfeitures were recovered by the Officers of the Navy or 
Customs, together with an Account of the Expences attend- 
ing the receipt of the said Duties. 



DUTIES COLLECTED IN CONNECTICUT. 



361 



Names 

of 
Ports 



Foreijfn Bro: 
Sugars 

£ s d 

New London 285 2 4 
New Haven 79 9 o 

Foreign 
Indigo 

£ s d 

British 
Pimento 

£ s d 



Duties received from the 29'^ of September 
1764 to the lo'h of October 1765 

Madeira & Wines from 

other wines G. Britain 

^ S d ^ S d 



Foreign 
Molasses 



£ s d 
961 3 9 

264 14 o 

Foreign Silks, Stuffs Calicoes British 
Coffee Lawns & Cambricks Coffee 

d /: s d /• s d 



£ s 

Rice 



£ ^ 

Tobacco 



£ 



New London 



£ 
54 



King's Share of Fines Forfeitures 
& Seizures Recover'd by 

Officers of the 
Navy 



Officers of the 
Customs 



other enumerated 
Commodities 
d ^ S d 



Amount of the 
Groce receipt 
of each Port 

£ s d 
1311 15 9 

344 3 o 



Established and Incidental Charges of Management in each 
Port 



Established 
Incidental Salarys 

£ s cl 


Waiters & 
ventive Off 

£ s 


pre- Tides 
icers Men 

d £ s 


d £ 


Gauging 
S 


d 


Weighing 

£ s d 


140 






67 16 


9 21 


14 10 


7 5 6 


iio 






8 2 


9 9 


8 





3 8 


Printing 

£ s d 


Postage 

£ s d 


Boat & 
Men 

£ s d 


£ 


Office 
Rent 
S d 




Fireing 

£ s d 


37 II I 


8 4 


4 


5000 


16 







10 14 


8 19 4 


3 8 


4 




17 


10 




10 10 


Law 
Stationary Charges 
^ S d ^ S d 


Other 
rticles 

£ s d 


Amount of the 

Charges of 
Management 

£ s d 


Amount of the 

Neet produce of 

each port 

£ s d 


4 14 9 






49 10 3 


413 


II 6 




898 4 3 


3 10 






42 8 


216 


17 I 




127 6 I 


Charges of Manage 

ment exceeding 

the produce 


•- 















362 FITCH PAPERS. 

HENRY S. CONWAY TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 

Circular 

S^ James's, O'cto*" 24* 1765. 
Gentlemen^ 

It is with the greatest Concern that His Majesty learns 
the Disturbances which have arisen in some of the North 
American Colonies. If this Evil should spread to the 
Government of Connecticut, where You preside, the utmost 
Exertion of your Prudence will be necessary so as justly to 
temper Your Conduct between that Caution and Coolness 
which the Delicacy of such a Situation may demand on one 
Hand, and the Vigor necessary to suppress Outrage and 
Violence on the other. It is impossible at this Distance to 
assist You by any particular or positive Instruction, because 
you will find yourself necessarily obliged to take Your 
Resolution as particular Circumstances and Emergencies 
may require. 

His Majesty, and his Servants He honours with his 
Confidence, cannot but lament the ill-advised Intemperance 
shewn already in some of the Provinces, by taking up a 
Conduct, which can in no Way contribute to the Removal 
of any real Grievance they might labour under but may 
tend to obstruct and impede the Exertion of His Majesty's 
Benevolent Intention, to the Ease and Comfort as well as 
the Welfare of all his People. 

It is hoped and expected that this Want of confidence 
in the Justice and Tenderness of the Mother Country, and 
this open Resistance to it's Authority, can only have found 
Place among the lower and more ignorant of the People ; 
The better and wiser Part of the Colonies well know that 
Decency and Submission may prevail, not only to redress 
Grievances, but to obtain Grace and Favour, while the Out- 
rage of a publick Violence can expect nothing but Severity 
and Chastisement. These Sentiments You and all his 
Majesty's Servants, from a Sense of your Duty to, and 
Love of your Country, will endeavor to excite and encour- 
age. You will all, in a particular Manner, call upon Them 
not to render their Case desperate. You will, in the Strong- 



HENRY SEYMOUR CONWAY. 363 

est Colours represent to them the dreadful Consequences 
that must inevitably attend the forceable and violent Re- 
sistance to Acts of the British Parliament, and the Scene of 
Misery and Calamity to themselves, and of mutual Weak- 
ness and Distraction to both Countries, inseparable from 
such a Conduct. 

If, by lenient and persuasive Methods you can contri- 
bute to restore that Peace and Tranquility to the Provinces 
on which their Welfare and Happiness depend, you will do 
a most acceptable and essential Service to your Country: 
But, having taken every Step which the utmost Prudence 
and Lenity can dictate, in Compassion to the Folly, and 
Ignorance of some misguided People, You will not, on the 
othe Hand, fail to use your utmost Power for the repelling 
all Acts of Outrage and Violence, and to provide for the 
Maintenance of Peace and Good Order in the Province, by 
such a Timely Exertion of Force as the Occasion may re- 
quire; For which Purpose You will make the proper Appli- 
cations to General Gage or Lord Colville, Commanders of 
His Majesty's Land and Naval Forces in America. For, 
however unwillingly His Majesty may consent to the Exer- 
tion of such Powers as may endanger the Safety of a single 
Subject yet, cannot He permit his own Dignity and the 
Authority of the British Legislature to be trampled on by 
Force and Violence, and in avowed Contempt of all Order, 
Duty and Decorum. 

If the Subject is aggrieved, he knows in what Manner 
legally and constitutionally to apply for Relief, but it is 
not suitable either to the Safety or Dignity of the British 
Empire that any Individuals, under the Pretence of re- 
dressing Grievances, should presume to violate the publick 
Peace. 

I am with great Truth and Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

H. S. CONWAY 

Governor and Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] A Letter from H S Conway October 24'^ 1765 

Reed May ye lo'^ 1766 



364 FITCH PAPERS. 

MEMORIAL TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

To the Honorable the General Assembly of the Colony 
of Connecticut to Be holden at New haven on the Second 
Thirsday of Octobr 1765 

The Memorial of the Subscribers Inhabitants of Said 
Colony Humbly Sheweth that Whereas the late Act of Par- 
liament Relative to Stamp Duties will inevitably Subject 
this and the Other Colonies to insupportable Burdens and 
Likely End in the Ruin of the Colonies if Introduced and 
Continued in Force without Redress The Consideration 
whereof hath Occasioned Such universal uneasiness Dis- 
quietude and Trouble, that in Consequence thereof, it So 
happens that no Stamped Papers Can be procured by any 
Person among us And Whereas the Trade and foreign 
Commerce of this Colony for Want of the Present use of 
Such Stampt Papers Must Either Intirely Stop or be Sub- 
jected to Such inconveniences and Risque as will in the 
humble Opinion of your Memorialists be Unreasonable that 
the individuals Concerned therein Should be Liable to 

your Memorialists therefore Humbly Pray this Hon- 
ourable Assembly to take the aforegoing Matter into their 
Wise Consideration and prevent the declining Trade of this 
Colony from a Total Stagnation in Such way and by Such 
Means as their Great Wisdom Shall Direct and Your Memo- 
rialists as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Andrew Leffingwell Zabdiel Rogers 

Joseph Winshipp Chr^ Leffingwell 

Dan^^ Lester Samuel Wheat 

Joseph Smith Ph^ Turner 

Benajah Leffingwell Ebenezer Lord 

JoN'^ Chester William Wattlas 

Thqs Fanning Hez-^" Bissell 

And Huntington John Perit 

Sam'- Trapp Joseph Gale 

Simeon Carew Sam^^ Huntington 

Elisha Lord Azariah Lathrop 

Jacob Perkins Jr G: Saltonstall 

Daniel Lathrop Thqs Mumford 



MEMORIAL TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



365 



Joshua Lathrop 
Jabez Perkins 
Joseph Peck 
Jed Huntington 
Thqs Williams 
Elisha Leffingwell 
Thqs Leffingwell 
Tho^ Leffingwell Jun' 
Jonathan Marsh 
Benajah Bushnell 
W"^' Manwaring 
Roger Gibson 
David Gardiner 
Benjn Edgerton 
Nath^ Coit 
Elijah Dyar 
Thomas Jewell 
Jonathan Bushnell Jur 
Elisha Tracy 

WM TiLEY 

Caleb Bull 
Elisha Pitkin 
Tho^ Green 
Saml Olcott 
W^ Nichols 
Jonathan Wadsworth 
Ebenezer Backus 
Theophilus Rogers 



Elisha Hinman 
Win'' Saltonstall 
David Mumford 
Silas Church 
Natrl Shaw Junr 
George B Hurlbut 
Nathan^ Douglass 
Joseph Coit 
W Stewart 
Richard Deshon 
George Colfax 
Ebenezer Way Jun^ 
Samuel Gardiner Jur 
Dan^ Whittemore 
William Hancock 
Jn° Gardiner 
Edwd Palmes 
Patrick Robertson 
Tho^ Oliver 
John Stuart 
RoswELL Saltonstall 
John Miller 
Rus^ Hubbard 
Adam Shapley 
J. Mumford 
Guy Richards 
Benjamin Horsey 
David Manwaring 



366 FITCH PAPERS. 

COLONY OF CONNECTICUT TO RICHARD JACKSON.* 

Sir: 

The Committees of the several Colonies lately appointed 
to meet at New York, to consider of the present unhappy- 
circumstances of the Colonies, having agreed upon petitions 
to his Majesty and both Houses of Parliament, for relief 
from the grievances they at present labour under, which 
have been approved by the General Assembly of this Colony, 
and it being a subject of the last importance to us, you are 
desired to prefer those petitions, and to support them with 
your utmost influence, skill and ability, and leave no prob- 
able means unattempted to secure success in so interesting 
a matter. 

The Colony being most firmly persuaded that the power 
lately exercised by Parliament of imposing taxes on the 
Colonies without their consent, and extending the jurisdic- 
tion of the court of admiralty beyond its ancient limits is 
inconsistent with the principles and spirit of the British con- 



*The General Assembly at its session of October, 1765, authorized or approved 
the text of this letter to be sent by the Assembly to Richard Jackson, the Colony's 
agent. The Assembly had already approved of three petitions, " one to the King's 
Most Excellent Majesty, one to the Right Honorable the Lords Spiritual and Tem- 
poral of Great Britain in Parliament assembled, the other to the Honorable Knights, 
Citizens and Burgesses in Great Britain in Parliament assembled," which had been 
laid before it by the three commissioners previously appointed to represent Con- 
necticut at a meeting of commissioners from the several colonies, held to take con- 
certed action in opposition to the recent acts of Parliament levying duties and taxes 
on the colonies, which meeting is now known as the "Stamp Act Congress." The 
Assembly had directed that these three petitions should be signed by the three 
commissioners for and in behalf of the Colony; and further desired the governor to 
forward the petitions to Great Britain. This letter to Richard Jackson accompanied 
these petitions, and may have been signed by Governor Thomas Fitch on behalf of 
the Colony. 

The Stamp Act Congress met at New York, October 7, 1765, with twenty-eight 
delegates from nine colonies. New Hampshire was deadlocked, Georgia forbidden 
action by its governor, the Virginia and North Carolina Assemblies prorogued by 
theirs to prevent it, the New York was not in session but the committee of corres- 
pondence appointed by the last one were admitted as delegates. Timothy Ruggles 
of Massachusetts was made president. A " Declaration of Rights and Grievances" 
was drafted by John Cruger of New York or John Dickinson of Pennsylvania, a 
"Petition to the King" by Robert R. Livingston of New York, and memorials to 
each house of Parliament separately by James Otis of Massachusetts. All except 
Ruggles and Robert Ogden of New Jersey, later Loyalists, concurred; but those 
from Connecticut and South Carolina, having been restricted by their Legislatures 
to reporting for assent, could not actually sign. The Congress adjourned October 
28; the Connecticut action above was probably very early in November. 



DAVID GOLDEN. 367 

stitution, and an infringement of the essential liberties of 
the colonists, we can by no means be content that you should 
give up the matter of right, but must beg you would on all 
proper occasions claim and firmly insist upon the exclusive 
right of the Colonies to tax themselves, and the priviledge 
of tryal by jury, and to maintain these principles in the 
most effectual manner possible, as what we can never recede 
from. The arguments from inconvenience and the fatal 
consequences, both to Great Britain and her Colonies, which 
must flow from this exercise of parliamentary power, are 
obvious, and will no doubt be also fully insisted upon by you. 

You will give a proper attention to all such arguments, 
hints and materials as may be furnished you by his Honour 
the Governor, or which you maybe able to collect from any 
other quarter, and make the best use you can of them to 
place the rights of the Colonies and the inconveniencies of 
a parliamentary taxation in the most striking point of light. 

You are also desired to correspond with the agents ap- 
pointed by the other Colonies, and unite your utmost en- 
deavours with them in the common cause, for obtaining a 
repeal of the late acts of Parliament, so grievous to the 
Colonies. 

We request your closest attention to this most import- 
ant subject, and shall ever retain the most grateful sense of 
your assiduity and diligence upon this occasion, and wish 
you all the success that so just a cause fairly demands. 

To Richard Jackson, Esqf, Agent for the Colony of 
Connecticut. 



DAVID COLDEN TO JARED INGERSOLL. 

New York, Fort George, Ocf 28th 1765 
Sir, 

The Gover* Orders me to inform you that Capt^ Davis 
has brought over three Packages of Stamp'd Papers marked 
for Connecticut, which are now lodged in the Governor's 
House in the Fort. The Gaspey Cutter is now here & is a 



*Cadwallader Golden. 



368 FITCH PAPERS. 

very fitt vessell for carrying the Papers to you if you can 
prevail upon Capt" Kennedy to order her to do it. We 
hear more Stamped Paper is on board three Ships daily ex- 
pected here. I am with great Regard, Sir, 

DAVED GOLDEN. 



RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Private 
Inner Temple 9 Nov'' 1765. 
Sir 

I am just returned from the Country, where the very 
advanced years & infirmities of my father, & the necssity of 
looking after our Landed Property has detained me longer 
than usual I was unluckily to taken by an Autumnal fever 
soon after I received your last Letter, that has prevented 
my going to my Bankers since I arrived here, & has there- 
by put it out of my Power to state the Bills I have paid for 
the Colony, though I have an Account from them, which 
yet is not sufficiently satisfactory, for me to rely upon it. I 
shall go thither on Monday & by a ship that sails on Tues- 
day be able to give you this part of ye Account with pre- 
cision. I find that I have received for the use of ye Colony 
at various times, including not only what I received from 
ye Pay office, but the sum of ^^47329 12 5 from M^ Ingersol 
& by his order, & ye sum of ^2524 from ye Exors of Rich^ 
Partridge, & exclusive as well of all fees & charges paid at 
ye publick offices, as of the sum of ^3619 12s paid to ye 
Agents of ye other Colonys pursuant to a Direction of ye 
Board of Treasury, but without deducting my own & M^ 
Lifes Salary & some other small charges ;^i53,732 9 ^ if 
it sh^ be material before my next Letter arrives, you doubt- 
less know what Bills have been drawn on me that have not 
been paid by M^ Ingersol, but I hope that Letter, which I 
shall send by 2 conveyances will be but a few days after this. 

I dread ye Consequences of ye late Disturbances in 
America I think no Man can be a true friend to Great 
Britain or America without being a friend to both, & I am 



RICHARD JACKSON. 369 

too much a friend to both not to feel infinite Chagrin at 
every thing that threatens a separation of the affections of 
ye Inhabitants of both. I always thought the Stamp Act 
ought never to have passed, I always thought no Law for 
laying internal Taxes in America ought to have passed, un- 
less Parliament had first given the Colonies a Right to 
choose Members & so far I agree with your warmest Patri- 
ots in America, but then I confess I think an Act of ye 
Supream Legislature is a Law till it be repealed, & ought 
not to be resisted, but the repeal Solicited & if no repeal, an 
actual Representation earnestly petitioned for, on the foot- 
ing of former precedents, an Actual Representation is 
politically just, yet ye virtual Representation talked of is 
not so rediculous as it seems, because it is only to satisfy a 
chimerical Notion, that no Gov* is really founded on, that 
all Persons in a free Gov' are to give their Consent to a Tax 
or Alteration of Law, which is not ye Case even in New 
England. The Impossibility of this is no Argument why ye 
Consent sh<i not be spread as wide as possible, in proportion 
as it is not, ye Gov' is imperfect, yet ye Laws of every sub- 
sisting Government are to be submitted to ; till that Gov' 
reform itself. 

I know not if you have yet received my Letter advising 
ye Receipt of ye Mony from ye Exors of Partridge, nor 
whether M"" Clap has received one from me requesting his 
acceptance of a Benefaction to ye College. I am Sir with 
great Esteem 

Yr most Obedt 

& most hble Ser 

RD JACKSON 
[Superscribed] To The Honble Tho^ Fitch Esq Governor 

of Connecticut Norwalk in New England by Packet 
[Indorsed] Private Letter from M^ Jackson 9th Novembr 

1765 Reed 12th jan«-y 1766 



370 FITCH PAPERS. 

THOMAS FITCH TO HENRY SEYMOUR CONWAY. 

NoRWALK 13'h Novemb"" 1765 
Sir 

By my Letter of the 7th of October I acknowledged the 
Receipt of your Letters of the 12*^ of July and of the lo^h of 
August Since which I have received the Duplicate of the 
last. The Plan or Map of the Colony of Connecticut Men- 
tioned in My Letter is Now finished and is herewith trans- 
mitted to You. It is Laid down by a Large Scale the De- 
sign of which was to give a Clearer View of the Post Rhodes 
thro' the Colony for the Information of his Majesty's Post- 
master General and as it Contains an Exact Description of 
the Interior Parts of the Colony it may Serve for any Gen- 
eral Map of New England or of greater Extention So far as 
the Colony of Connecticut makes a Part in Such Map. be 
pleased Sir Kindly to accept of the Dedication of it to your- 
self agreable to the Inscription written thereon which was 
done by order of the General Assembly. I have no Inttelli- 
gence to transmit concerning Trade. 

I am Sir with the Highest Esteem and 

Regard Your Most obedient and most 
Humble Servant 

THQS FITCH 

The Right Hon^ie Henry S. Conway one of His Majes- 
tys Principal Secretaries of State 

[Indorsed] Letter to M^ Sec^v Conway 13'h November 1765 
[The duplicate in the State Paper Office is indorsed "R 5th 

Feb^y 1766."] 



THOMAS FITCH TO RICHARD JACKSON. 

NoRWALK 13th Novembr 1765. 
Sir 

There having been a proposal Made for a Meeting of 
Commissioners from the Several Colonies on the Continent 
to confer upon a general and United humble loyal and duti- 
ful Representation to his Majesty and the Parliament, of 
the present Circumstances of the Colonies and the Difficul- 



THOMAS FITCH. 37 I 

ties to which they are and must be reduced, by the Opera- 
tion of the Act of Parliament for levying Duties and Taxes 
on the Colonies, and to Implore Relief &c. 

And in Consequence of that Proposal most of the Colo- 
nies by their Commissioners met at New York in October 
last, at which Meeting Commissioners Especially appointed 
for that Purpose, by the Assembly of the Colony of Con- 
necticut attended. They were not Impowered to Conclude 
but to make Report, to the Assembly. The Commissioners 
at their Meeting Agreed upon and Drew up three Petitions 
one to the King one to the House of Lords and one to the 
House of Commons, which were Signed by the Commission- 
ers or Major Part of them who were instructed for that 
Purpose but some not being impowered did not then Sign 
those Petitions being presented to the Assembly of this 
Colony they Authorized and Desired our Commissioners to 
Sign them, which they Accordingly have done. The Assem- 
bly Also Desired me to Transmit them to you (to be duly 
presented) together with the Appointment of the Commis- 
sioners, and the doings of the Assembly thereon. I have 
therefore herewith Inclosed the three Petitions; the Copies 
of the Appointment of the Commissioners, and of their 
Instructions, as Also a Copy of the Assemblys Resolve in 
Approbation of the Petitions & of their Desire to me to for- 
ward them; and Also a Letter to You from the Assembly in 
Nature of Instructions giving their Sense of these Matters 
and signifying their Request to you in Managing and Con- 
ducting the affair, by these things you will be fully In- 
formed of what the Assembly Expects or Desires, which 
Renders it needless forme to Attempt anything in Addition 
to enforce them. Give me Leave nevertheless to propose 
whether upon the Principles of a virtual Representation, an 
Explicite and direct Taxation may Justly be grounded and 
Supported ? or whether as the Colonies are virtually Taxed, 
by the Taxes and Duties laid on the Manufactures of Great 
Britain and Merchandises Imported thro' the Hands of 
British Merchants to the Colonies such a Taxation, is not 
as much as a virtual Representation will on the Principles 



37 = 



FITCH PAPERS. 



of the British Constitution Justly Support? also whether it 
doth not seem inconsistant with the Standing Method of 
Raising Revenues to the Crown by free Gifts of the Com- 
mons for them by a virtual Representation only to make an 
Explicite Gift of the Property and Estates of Americans who 
are not by the aforesaid Principles of a virtual Representa- 
tion Represented, as the Subjects in Great Britain are? 
And as the British Constitution hath as it were grown up 
and become a Compleat thing, without any Regard to the 
Colonies, because it became fixed on the Same Basis on 
which it now Stands before the Colonies existed, and so 
could not be adapted to the particular Circumstances of the 
Plantations; and as they (the Colonies) have been Settled 
and grown up on the Same general and Essential Principles 
of the British Constitution, and by Reason of their Distance 
it was found Impracticable for them to enjoy the Priviledges 
of that Constitution and be Subject to the particular Rules 
of it in the Same Manner with their Brethren at Home, and 
therefore it was also found absolutely necessar)^, they Should 
be formed into Seperate Governments with particular Legis- 
latures Subordinate to the Supreme Power of the Nation 
and that this form of Government with Such Subordinate 
Connection has subsisted with the Approbation of the 
Supreme Authority of the Nation for more than a Century 
Past. Quere whether for the Supreme Legislature now to 
pass Acts Respecting the Internal Pollice of the Colonies 
and Especially in the Article of giving and granting the 
Property of ye Colonies to the Crown, is not carrying the 
Principles of the National Constitution farther than the orig- 
inal Design of it will warrant, and also Depriving the Ameri- 
cans of their Just Rights as Englishmen? and whether it is 
Giving to all the Subjects Equal Rights and Equal Privi- 
ledges? If these Hint Shall be of any Service it will give 
me Satisfaction in being in any Degree Instrumental in ob- 
taining that Redress which all America so Earnestly Desire 
and on which their Peace so much Depend I shall not at- 
tempt to give an account of the Confusion and Perplexity 
the whole Country is in which may be more fully Seen in the 



RICHARD JACKSON. 373 

News Papers, but only in General that they are great and 
thretning. 

I am Sir with great Esteem and Respect your 
most obedient Humble Servant 

THO« FITCH 
P. S. I have by the Conveyance Which Carrys this 
Sent to the Secretary of State a Plan or Map of the Colony 
of Connecticut which I Suppose You may See by Enquiring 
after it. as this map is taken with much Pains and I con- 
clude with good exactness you doubtless will have the Curi- 
osity to see it therefore I acquaint you of it. 

T. F. 
Richard Jackson Esq^ 
[Indorsed] Letter to M^ Jackson 13th Nov^ 1765 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Inner Temple 14 Nov^ 1765 
Sir 

I send you inclosed an Abstract of my Account with 
ye Colony, which is as perfect as I can make it, & I hope 
without material Error; though considering that I am often 
obliged to make use of other hands both to receive & pay, 
& that this Account contains the Amount of above 900 Bills 
of Exchange, it is more than possible, that there are Errors, 
especially as the Bills however regularly drawn, & listed in 
the Letters of Advice, come dropping in in a very irregular 
Manner, & it thereby becomes very difficult to know what 
Bills are yet standing out; it is true I should find it no dif- 
ficult matter to cast up the Amount of all ye Bills of which 
I have had advice, but unluckily my Bankers have mislaid 2 
of the Lists, so I have no other perfect Ace* of ye Bills paid 
but their Account with me, & ye Bills themselves, which I 
have not yet had time to compare with ye Account; to this 
Account of ye Bills paid I have added the few outstanding of 
which I have advice, which appear to be but 5 out of 907 ; 
that none of these have been paid, & that they are the only 
ones that are unpaid, appears to me, on a carefull Examina- 
tion of ye Ace' of Bills paid, twice over of the 5 Bills, one, 



374 FITCH PAPERS. 

viz* No 15 on Checked Paper I cannot come at y^ amount of, 
it being the only one unpaid, on one of y^ Lists mislaid at 
my Bankers, but as it on a Check, it is quite immaterial in 
Point of safety, & the Truth of y^ Rest of my Credit part of 
ye Acct will appear from your own Ace' of Bills drawn, from 
which too ye Value of this No 15 will likewise appear, and 
consequently y^ precise sum that I shall probably have paid, 
by the time, this Letter reaches you. The rest of this side 
of ye Acct consists only of M^ Life^ Salary & my own, & a 
small sum paid for the Postage of some large Packets & ye 
Copies of some Papers from the Treasury & other Publick 
offices, necessary for ye service of ye Colony. 

The other side consists of ye sums I have received, as 
well from the Treasury as from the Exors of Richard Part- 
ridge for ye use of ye Colony. I was so desirous of sending 
without Delay, the best Accounts I could, & of putting it in 
the Power of the Colony, to know as soon as possible, the 
Balance nearly in my hands, that during a very short stay 
in London, (from whence I was obliged to return into ye 
Country by my fathers Illness) I was led into the sending 
you an erroneous Account of this Receipt by making use of 
an Abstract of my Accts drawn out before my Receipt of 
the sum of ^i^g() mentioned in the present Account to this 
Abstract which contained my Receipts for ye Services in ye 
years 59, 60 & 61. I added ye Receipt for Services in 1762 
& ye Sum recovered from ye Effects of Rich<i Partridge from 
my Bankers Books & not from my Accounts with ye Colony 
& was thus led into this Error, from my desire of losing no 
time 

The Bills I have paid are not only from No i to 764 in- 
clusive without Checks & from No i to 143 on Check Paper 
but II Bills amounting by your Advice to ^805 6^ 7<i, but 
by my Bankers Ace' to ^^805 12s 4, originally drawn on 
Acct of Money granted for Services in 1758, but which 
not coming to hand till a long time after drawn I had your 
directions to pay out of any Money in my hands. The Occa- 
sion of ye Above variation I have not yet been able to dis- 
cover. 



RICHARD JACKSON, 375 

I should be glad of your Assistance in rectifying any 
Mistakes, my self on my Banker may have made, I think 
they are probably not very considerable, & cannot conclude 
without expressing my sincere Concern for y^ Hardships 
the Colonies in general Complain of, & ye earnest Desire I 
have to procure a Repeal of ye Acts they consider as ye 
occasion of them & which I always opposed not as Agent of 
ye Colony, but from the Conviction of my Judgement. I am 
Sir with ye most Cordial Esteem ye most obed' 
& most hble Serv* 

RCD JACKSON 
[Indorsed] M"" Agent Jacksons Letter 14'h Nov 1765. Rec^ 

2^ Febfy 1766 

RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Private 
Inner Temple 15 Nov 1765 
Sir 

I need not tell you that the Paper which accompany^ 
these Letters is less particular than the Account I have kept 
with the Colony, especially under the head of Fees & 
Charges at ye Publick Offices, which are only Fees & Charges 
attending the Receipt of ye several sums they are deducted 
from, all other Fees at the Board of Trade & elsewhere 
attending the usual Exercise of the Office of Agent, I having 
charged myself with, as well as the Ordinary Postage of 
Letters, (which in ye Case of Foreign Letters my being in 
Parlt does not excuse my Payment of) ye Postage I have 
charged being that of Muster Rolls Manifests or other 
Packets respecting particular Affairs. I have not charged 
the Expences at the Notarys Office, & that of Messengers 
to carry Letters to Falmouth &c respecting the Double Pay- 
ment of ye Bill in favour of M' Van Vleck, because they 
amount to two or 3 Shillings less than ye Interest payd here 
by his Correspondent M"" Neate; to M^" Browne my Banker. 

If I have committed any Mistake in this Abstract, I 
shall be very ready to set it right, & I beg you will impute 
it in a great Measure to the extreme Anxiety with which I 



376 FITCH PAPERS. 

wait for the Result of ye Determination of your Deputies at 
New York & the Resolutions of y^ Parlt upon what comes 
from America; I have within ye Compass of a week con- 
ceived hopes, that Measures may be taken here, that will 
perfectly conciliate ye minds of ye Americans, but have 
reason to believe that such Measures are by no means, what 
were to have been expected a Month ago & yet depend upon 
ye Moderation of what we hear from New York; for in a 
Parlt where but 49 voted agt a Bill in ye H of C & which 
passed unanimously in ye H of L, it cannot reasonably be 
expected ye Bill sh^ be repealed without some other Event 
than merely ye Change of ye Administration, it was with 
great pleasure I saw some warm friends of ye Colonies come 
into Power, but unfortunately ye late Tax was a measure 
proposed long before ye Existence of that Ministry who 
afterwards proposed it & carried it through ye Legislature. 
However the Colonies have friends, I sh^ say, the British 
Empire has friends (I hope all are so, though mistaken), & 
many have opened their Eyes & seen what I have always 
thought an Error, & yet it is thought some particular Event 
has contributed here, to ye giving Measures an^ Bent. I 
shall only add in this Head that my most earnest & un- 
wearied Endeavours shall not be wanting to bring about a 
Repeal of ye Stamp Act & a great Alteration of ye regulat- 
ing Act. 

I wish the Province of ye Massachusetts Bay had 
thought as you do, «& that by appointing a Person of more 
weight & Interest than myself they had given me a Coad- 
jutor in our common Views, I assure you I have frequently 
pressed this on the Gov L*: Gov"" & Secv & indeed have par- 
ticularly recommended to them the sending over an Able 
Man from their own Province, to say the truth I absolutely 
declined ye office before their Choice; I accepted it with de- 
lay & reluctance afterwards, & should not then have done 
it, had not ye most earnest Instances of my friends then 
pressed Me to do so, & this coinciding with the Desire I had, 
to put no Slight on a Province, that from my Soul I have 
an Affection for. In truth I may say, what I have often said 



RICHARD JACKSON. 377 

that my Services as an Agent to any Colony are of ye least 
Value of any Mans, for my Conduct & Endeavours, not only 
in, but out of Parlt will be & have been always ye same as 
if I had no Agency upon my shoulders. 

Considering the Manner in which I have wrote to Boston 
my mind on this Subject it is not improbable they may have 
chosen another Agent, whenever they do, I shall be pleased, 
but have particularly wished, they would employ a discreet 
& able Man from among themselves, if not as Agent, to look 
out for one here. 

For my own Part I shall certainly keep no Agency long 
unless it be that of Connecticut, & that I shall not resign as 
long as I am able to keep it: in this I give the Colony no 
Preference, I am influenced only by the length of time, I 
have had it & y® Circumstances with which it was first 
offered to me. 

I am Sir with the utmost Regard & Esteem 
y most Obedt 

& most hble Serv' 

RD JACKSON 
[Indorsed] Private Letter from Mr Jackson is'h Nov"" 1765 

Reed 2 Febry 1766. 

SIR HENRY MOORE TO THOMAS FITCH. 

[Sir Henry Moore wrote on December i, 1765, to Gov- 
ernor Thomas Fitch announcing his appointment to the 
chief command of the government of the Colony of New 
York, and mentioning the bales of paper intended for use 
in Connecticut under the Stamp Act which were still in 
New York. See letter from Fitch to Moore of Dec. 20, 1765.] 



RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Inner Temple 14 Dec 1765 
Sir 

This serves to convey the Balance between the Colony 
& myself conformable to my last Letter, lest that should 
have miscarried. 



378 PITCH PAPERS. 

The Cash received I make to be after deduc- 
tions of fees &c 155,227 14 3 

Bills already paid ^145,147 14s "6<i 

Bills not come to hand or 

under Acceptance no 

145.257 14 6 
Salarys & Charges 706 15 

145,964 9 6 
£ 9,263 4 9 
Out of which sum besides ye growing Salaries, & 
Charges in defending the Cause agt the Mohegins, I know 
of no Deductions unless it be some small Articles unpaid 
in ye Solicitors Bill for recovering the Debt due from 
Partridges Estate. 

As I have cast up these Articles again, in order to form 
the above Abstract, it may vary a small Matter from my last 
Acct but I believe it does not materially. 

No Business will be done in Parlt untill after the Va- 
cancys are filled, that is, not till the middle of Janv. I as- 
sure you with great Sincerity of my hearty Desire to obtain 
a Repeal of the 2 Laws that have made so much uneasiness 
in America, & that I have lost no Opportunity of bringing 
other Gentlemen into my sentiments But I hope the Colo- 
nies have friends much more considerable than myself 
I have the honour to be with great Regard Sr 
yr most Obedt 

h'ble Servt 
RD JACKSON 
[Superscribed] To The Honble Tho^ Fitch Esq Gov of 

Connecticut at Norwalk by the Packet 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Jackson 14th Decemb^ 1765. 
Rec<i 2 2<i Febry 1766. 

THOMAS FITCH TO COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE 
AND PLANTATIONS. 

Norwalk in Connecticut iS'h Decembr 1765 
My Lords. 

I am to Acknowledge the Receipt of Your Letter of the 
23<i of August acquainting us His Majesty hath been pleased 



THOMAS FITCM. 379 

to appoint your Lordships Commissioners for promoting 
the Trade of the Kingdom; and for Inspecting and Improv- 
ing His Majesty's foreign Colonies and Plantations and to 
assure your Lordships we Shall from Time to Time En- 
deavour a Conformity to your Directions Respecting the 
Occurrances within the Colony of Connecticut The Trade 
of the Colony at present seems to be at a very low Ebb 
through the Poverty of the People the great Scarcity of 
Money &c. The present Charges and Restraints laid on 
Trade are such as those Concerned in that Business seem to 
Labour under Discouragements. The Officers of the Cus- 
toms in this Colony I have Reason to believe by the best 
Inspection I can make of their Conduct are careful to Dis- 
charge their Duty. 

I have the Honour my Lords to 

be with the greatest Esteem and Regard 
your Lordships most Obedient 

and most Humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 

The Right Hon^ie the Lords Commission" for Trade & 
and Plantations 
[Indorsed] Letter to the Lords Commiss^s for Trade and 

Plantations iS'h Decembf 1765. 
[The Copy in the Public Record Office is indorsed "Reed 

March 17, Read Augst g, 1766."] 



THOMAS FITCH TO SIR HENRY MOORE. 

NoRWALK 20th Decembr 1765. 
Sir 

Two Days ago I received Your Letter of the first Instant 
Acquainting me of your Appointment to the Chief Com- 
mand of the Government of New York. I heartily con- 
gratulate you on your Receiving this Mark of the Royal 
Favour and on your Safe Arrival with your Family and the 
Agreable Reception you met with from the People of the 
Province. I Shall take particular Satisfaction in a Corre- 



380 FITCH PAPERS. 

spondence with you on all Occasions for His Majestys Ser- 
vice and the Good of both the Colonies, and Shall at all 
Times desire to maintain that Harmony and good under- 
standing necessary for the Purpose and more Especially so 
at such a Critical Juncture as the present is I Return you 
Thanks for your kind Assurance of your Disposition to Ren- 
der me any Service in your Power and Shall Rejoyce to 
have it in my Power to make every proper Retalliation. 

with Respect to those Bales of Paper Mentioned in the 
Postscript of your Letter I need not I Suppose Acquaint 
you that the Gentleman Appointed Distributor of Stamps 
for this Colony hath been as well as those in the other Gov- 
ernments Compelled to Resign and that tho he was the 
proper and only Person to Receive those Papers yet on his 
Resignation and Situation Judged he could not with truth 
and Safety Receive them therefore Informed L* Governor 
Colden thereof and desired him to permit those Papers to 
Lye in the Fort where they were lodged till further orders 
You are doubtless Sensible no Person has Right to Send for 
or Demand them without Orders from the Crown and as he 
who had that authority thinks he can't now act under it, I 
see no way but they must Continue in the Kings Fort 
where they are till his Majesty's Pleasure be known about 
them. They are the Kings Property and ought to be kept 
for his Service and as I have Not any authority to Demand 
or Receive them I must be excused from giving any orders 
about them, you will therefore doubtless Judge it to be 
for his Majestys Interest and Service that they Remain Safe 
where they are lodged till they are Demand by proper 
Orders from those who have Right to give them 
I am Sir with very great Regard 

Your most Obedient and most 

Humble Servant 

THOS FITCH 

His Excellency Sir Henry Moore Baronet &c 
[Indorsed] Letter to Gov Moore 20'^ DecemV 1765 



THOMAS FITCH. 381 

THOMAS FITCH TO CHARLES LOWNDES. 

NoRWALK in Connecticut 24'h Decembr 1765 
Sir 

On the iS'^i Instant I received Your Letter of the 14th 
of Septemb"" Signifying the Commands of the Lords Com- 
missioners of His Majesty's Treasury Respecting my Aid 
and Assistance to the Distributor of Stamps within this 
Government in whatever may Relate to his Duty in the Ex- 
ecution of His Office under the Act passed last Session of 
Parliament. In Answer I must Request you to Acquaint 
their Lordships that at present there is no one exercising 
that Office within this Colony; The Person who was Ap- 
pointed to that Office and gave Security for it hath publicly 
declared his Resignation of his office and that he will not 
Officiate therein. The Particular account of that Transac- 
tion the Reasons of it and the Manner in which it was brot 
about would be too tedious to be Inserted in a Letter neither 
could I Should I attempt it, be so full and particular as the 
Accounts of this matter printed and published in the News 
Papers are by them it appears that not only that Officer but 
almost every one in america have Resigned, many of those 
News Papers I presume before this Time are in London. 

As therefore there is no Distributor of Stamps here nor 
any Stamps Received that I know of in the Colony and Con- 
sequently no Officer to Inspect I at present have it in my 
Power only to Acquaint you for their Lordships Information 
concerning this matter that this is the present Situation of 
that Affair 

If the Distributor had Received and undertaken to Dis- 
tribute the Stamps and had accordingly executed that office 
I should have carefully attended to the Practice under the 
Act and in Every particular Endeavoured to Discharge the 
Duty which Appertains to me agreable to the Intention of 
the Act of Parliament and this I shall endeavour whenever 
there Shall be Opportunity and Occasion for it. 
I am Sir with great Regard your 
most Obedient and 

most Humble Servant 

Cha. Lowndes Esq-^ THOS FITCH 



382 FITCH PAPERS. 

[Indorsed] Letter to Cha. Lowndes Esq^ Secretary to His 

Majestys Treasury 24th December 1.765. 
[The duplicate in the Public Record Office is indorsed "Gov'' 

Fitch adviss of the Resignat^ of ye Distribr of Stamps 

for that Colony. Read March 15, 1766. Rec^ 14 March 

1766 P. M.] 



RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Sir 

Since my last Letter by way of New York directed to 
you through the hands of M^ P. V. B. Livingston I have had 
the good fortune to recover y^ remaining Lists of Advice, 
which my Bankers Clerk had mislaid, & which I had been 
obliged to leave in his hands, in point of prudence untill all 
ye Bills, of which they contained Advice should be come to 
hand. 

By these Lists I have discovered, that No 15 on Checked 
Paper is a Bill for ;i^2o, & that besides this Bill there are 
but 2 Bills outstanding amounting with it to ;£iio, so that 
my last Account though right, as far as it debits the Colony 
for Bills paid, which was as far as I had then materials to 
go, is not right in the account of Bills outstanding, which 
on a carefull examination of ye Letters of Advice with ye 
Account of Bills paid, I now find amount only (including No 
15) to ye Above sum of £,110, so that ye Colony^ Credit 
would be ^9263 8s nd^ but that I find ye Solicitors bill on 
ye Recovery of ye Money due from ye Estate of ye late Rich^ 
Partridge will be 3 or 4^^ more than I computed it at 

I take ye first Opportunity of acquainting you with the 
above Error, which was occasioned by my overlooking 2 
Bills that stood far out of their natural order among 900 
which I had no other check but their Series, for ye Examina- 
tion of. 

You need not doubt my Cooperation in any Measures 
for ye Ease of ye Colonys, I follow the Dictates of my Judg- 
ment in doing so, & heartily wish our Endeavours may be 



RICHARD JACKSON. 383 

attended with good Success. I am with ye greatest 

Esteem 

Sir y most Obed' 

& most hble Serv' 

RD JACKSON 
Honble Tho« Fitch Esq 
[Indorsed] Letter from M^ Agent Jackson No Date Rece^ 
3d March 1766 



RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Private 
Inner Temple ii Jany 1766 
Sir 

I would not permit the Packet to go without a Publick 
Letter from me, but that I am quite at a loss, what to write, 
we are at y^ Eve of Business, of the utmost Importance, to 
all ye British Dominions, God knows, I feel the Weight of 
it, & that I have not been wanting in my Endeavours to 
give it a favourable Issue, I have conversed with every man 
that I have thought disposed to attend to me on the Subject, 
& have pressed every Argument in my Power to induce a 
Repeal of both ye Laws that have created Disgust in Amer- 
ica. Notwithstanding the Change of ye Administration, & 
ye Inclination, I know many of ye present Ministry had to 
adopt different Measures, yet I feared at first ye prevailing 
Opinion of some leading Men in both Houses would frustrate 
our Hopes of a Repeal. Within 2 Months, I have enter- 
tained hopes of ye fullest Relief to be wished for ; what passed 
ye 3 first days of ye that meeting before ye Holidays, en- 
couraged this Hope yet I have reason at last to believe we 
shall be in some degree disappointed. I am informed by 
the best Intelligence I can procure that ye Stamp Act will 
not be repealed, every other Relief may be, I think, ex- 
pected, & even this Law will probably be reduced to noth- 
ing more, than a Proof of ye Power of Parliament to impose 
Taxes as well as make other Laws for America. Some- 
thing to Assert this Power is judged necessary by leading 
Men in both Houses, I wish that some other means of 



384 FITCH PAPERS. 

attaining the same End may be thought of rather than this, 
but I fear no other will. However things are in a very dif- 
ferent Situation from last year, y^ Colonies have Advocates 
in every part of ye Kingdom & I hope that should a Part of 
ye Stamp Act be left, that after a short Trial, it may be laid 
aside, & that America may rest for ye future on ye footing 
Ireland has done. 

I have several times sent you the Balance of Colony 
Money in my hands; to prevent mistakes, I again acquaint 
you that it is £,^^262 4s ii^ subject to Mr Lifes & my own 
growing Salaries, the Suits ye Colony is engaged in with ye 
Mohegin Indians a small matter more than ;^2 due to ye 
Solicitor M^ Colman, &c to which I should add that this Bal- 
ance is struck taking Credit to myself for ^iio Bills that I 
believe are not paid. I beg leave again to repeat that my 
first Ace' was erroneous because being taken not from my 
Account with ye Colony, but from a former Abstract sup- 
plyed by Memory it omitted the sum of ;^i499, ^ subsequent 
Dividend to ye Colony, my 2^ Account was framed on a sup- 
position that 3 Bills were yet outstanding which were in fact 
paid, an Error that might have been larger considering I 
was then obliged to pick out a Series of Bills not paid in 
Order to above No 900, but I think there is no material Er- 
ror in this Account, if you discover any such on either side 
I shall wish to amend it as speedily as possible. I am Sir 
with the most sincere Esteem 

yr most Obed* hble Serv' 

RD JACKSON 
[Indorsed] Private Letter from M^ Jackson nth Jan^y lygg 

Reed 19th March 1766 



Sr 



FRANCIS BERNARD TO HENRY S. CONWAY. 
Boston Jan. 19. 1766. 



The following Narrative (on the next Sheet) I took 
from the Mouth of a Gentleman, who was present at the 
time & place, & gave an exact account how «& from whom 



FRANCIS BKRNARD. 385 

he had the particulars. The two Agents said to be dis- 
patched to Boston, if they really came, managed their busi- 
ness so as not to be noticed. About the same time came 
here a professed Agent from Connecticutt to consult about 
the general business of opposing the Stamps Act. But He 
was so open & unreserved in his negotiation, that I cannot 
believe he was charged with so dangerous a commission as 
concerting the raising Men. I believe the proposal hereafter 
particularised comes from the lower sort of people: but it is 
of so dangerous a tendency, that I could not excuse myself 
informing your honor of it. Great Pains have been taken to 
persuade the people that they may resist Great Britain 
with effect: whereas Nothing can be more idle. New York 
8c Boston would both be defenceless to a Royal Fleet: and 
they being possessed by the Kings Forces, no other Town 
or Place would stand out. 

I am, with great respect, S'" 

Your most obed' & most humble Serv' 
FRA. BERNARD. 
The Rt Honble H. S. Conway Esq. 

On the 31st day of Decem"" 1765, two persons came to 
New London & went to a Tavern there: they said they came 
from New York; one of them called himself Hughes & said 
he was brother to M' Hughes of Pheladelphia appointed 
Distributor of Stamps there, the other called himself Mott. 
They sent for 6 or 7 Inhabitants of New London who were 
known to be most violent against the Stamp Act, & pro- 
duced to them a letter from one Sears of New York a noted 
Captain of the Mob there, recommending them & their 
business to the people of Connecticut. They said they were 
sent by the People of New York to inform the People of 
Connecticut, that it was expected Troops would be sent 
from England to enforce their Submission to the Stamp 
Act ; that it was necessary for them to unite in opposition 
to the English Forces upon this occasion ; that most proba- 
bly New York would be attacked first, & therefore Con- 
necticut ought to march in defence of New York; that they 



386 FITCH PAPERS. 

were therefore sent to learn what Number of Men from 
Connecticut might be depended upon to assist the People of 
New York to support themselves against the English Forces. 
They added that They were to go from thence to Norwich 
& from thence to Windham, at both places they were to make 
the same Enquiry ; and they said that two other Persons were 
gone to Boston on the same Business. This Company spent 
the Evening at the Tavern, & some Resolutions were formed 
& reduced to writing: but the Substance of these has not 
been as yet discovered. These two persons set out the next 
day in very bad Weather to Norwich from whence they re- 
turned to New London the third day without going to 
Windham. From which it was conjectured that they had 
not met with encouragement at Norwich & therefore they 
did not go to Windham: but this is no more than conjec- 
ture. 

[Indorsed.] Narrative. In Gov Bernard's, of the 19"' Jan^y 
1766. 

SIR HENRY MOORE TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Having been directed by His Majesty's Instructions to 
inform you of my appointment to be Cap* General & Com- 
mander in Chief of the Militia & all the Forces by Sea & 
Land of the Colony of Connecticut, I take the opportunity by 
Mr Ledlie of acquainting you with what ought to have been 
done in my first letter to you after my arrival but through 
the hurry which then prevail'd it was omitted. I find there 
is nothing new in this appointment, although it is not 
generally known, & shall be very happy in having so good 
an excqse for making a Tour through so fine a Province, 
and at the same time of making my Compliments to you in 
Person, which will be a singular satisfaction to 

Sr Yr most obedt & humble Serv* 

H: MOORE 

Fort George New York, Feby 24. 1766. 
[Indorsed] Letter from Gov'' Moore 24'h Febry 1766 Rec^ 

27th 



THOMAS FITCH. 387 

THOMAS FITCH TO RICHARD JACKSON. 

NoRWALK 26'h Febry 1766. 
Sir 

Since my last to you I have been favoured with your 
Several Letters of the 3^ of octob*- 9th 14th and 15th of Novem- 
ber and 14th of December last with those of the 14th and 15th 
of November I received your General Account with the 
Colony Since which I have Overlooked my Accounts of 
Bills Drawn on you and find on a critical and careful Ex- 
amination that the Sum total of the amount of all the Bills 
of Exchange by my Account of them beginning with Num- 
ber one and ending with No 764 on common Paper and 143 
on Checkt Paper making 907 Bills in the whole is ^144453 
2S I id iqr and that the Bills left unpaid by M^ Ingersol 
being 805 670 makes the whole Drafts to be paid by you 
^145258 961 the Small variation in the Eight Hundred 
and odd Pounds I Suppose must be owing to Mr IngersoUs 
not giving the Account agreable to the Bills left unpaid or 
in Some other Small error in casting or the like. I took the 
Account from him and can tell no more about it only as Re- 
ceived I transmitted it to you, this Mistake whereever it 
lyes is but Small and inconsiderable. No 15 on the Checkt 
Paper the Sum of which you Said was unknown I find is 
^30 o o so that the other four Bills Mentioned in your 
Account amounting to ;^27o 13 o unpaid and this ^30 
making ;!^3oo 13 o being added to the Article of your Ac- 
count of Bills actually paid which is there Entred to be 
145 147 14 4 will make as you will see by adding the 300 
13 o the Sum of ^145448 7 4 which is more than the whole 
Sum Drawn for according to my account of them including 
the ;!^8o5 6 7 the Sum of ^189 17 9 3. But by the ab- 
stract of your account in your Letter of the 14'^ of Decem- 
ber wherein you mention Bills not come to Hand or under 
acceptance ;^io only your Payments with that ;^iio falls 
short of the whole of my accounts of Drafts including the 
^108 6 7 the Sum of i5/i<i so that the Ballance according 
to your last ace* as is there entred being ;^9263 4 9 is 
about ^190 14 8 more than the Ballance in your General 
Account 



38» FITCH PAPERS. 

I suppose you will think it proper to review your ac- 
count to see which of those you sent me are Right, if the 
last be found Right the Difference between yours and Mine 
will be but only 15/ and i^r which being less than the Drafts 
we Shall have no Reason to complain, if you should cast the 
Lists I Sent you over again be pleased to be careful in cast- 
ing the List that begins with N^ 737 and ends with N^ 764 
because I find on casting my Account in that Part I had in 
Adding the Sums made 20/ too Much in the footing but 
whether there was the same Mistake in the List which was 
Copied from the Account I cant Say. I intend to lay your 
Account before the Assembly the first Opportunity when I 
Suppose they will give orders Respecting the Ballance re- 
maining in your Hands. The Subjects of the Stamp Act 
and other Acts which have eventually Occasioned Such un- 
easiness and Complaints in America have been so exhausted 
I think it not necessary for me to Attempt Saying anything 
further upon them, we have great Hopes our Friends in 
England will prevail to accomplish such Relief as may Ter- 
minate in the Advantage and Satisfaction of both Countries. 
I am Sir with Sincere Esteem and 

Respect Your most obedient and 
most humble Servant 

THO« FITCH 

Richard Jackson Esqr 

P S. If the two lists mislaid be not found and you 
desire it and will let me know the last Number of that 
immediately foregoing the Lost one and the first Number 
of that which follows it I can send you others in the 
Room of those Mislaid to be taken from my ace* as those 
were. T F 

[Indorsed] Letter to M^ Agent Jackson 26'^ Febry 1766. 

PHINEAS LYMAN TO THOMAS FITCH. 

I cant but improve this opportunity to Let your Hon^ 
know the great Attachment and friendship the present ad- 
ministration have and Constantly manifest to America ever- 



PHINEAS LYMAN. 389 

since they Came into power; for the Stamp act procured by 
the late Administration ; had taken so strong hold of the 
people's minds here by the Artifice of that administration «& 
their Tools; that but very few here tho't it in the power of 
this wise Administration when they Came into power to 
procure a repeal; yet sensible of the Justice of the Cause 
they undertook it; tho they knew it would Cost 'em their 
posts if it failed; the merchants [ ] London & Mechan- 

icks thro the Kingdom gave all [ ]e Assistance in their 

power; and the Americans who were here have Contributed 
every thing they Could to the Same purpose; after many 
Spels of Coversation with the Administration I wrote above 
forty pages on that Subject & laid before em for Considera- 
tion & M^ Harrisson who lives with the Marquiss of Rock- 
enham the first Lord of the Treasury has great oppertunity 
and improves it for the same end; it is Too long for the 
Course of a letter to describe the method made use of by 
the Greenvillian party pf fas atqe nefas to defeat the design 
but in Spite of their efforts; a Committe of the whole House 
of Commons; Came into the total repeal of the Act by 275 
against 167; and after reporting to the House the dispute 
was revived by a thinner House and we Carried 240 against 
133 and it must meet with several more assauls from our 
Enemies for they dispute every Inch of ground; but we 
hope next week we Shall be able to Inform of an intire re- 
peal of that odious act ; and as soon as that is over you will 
soon find the administration Engaged in some very bene- 
ficial plans to Enlarge the Trade of America (to Take place 
of those Contracted burthensome plans dictated by ye Jeal- 
ousy of ye late Ministers) which will make America Smile; 
and prove to their lasting benefit now our Enemies Con- 
stantly Suggest that if the stamp act should be repealed the 
Americans will exult & vaunt themselves that they have 
forced the Parliment into a repeal and so would insult & 
injure the Hon^ of Parliment; now should any thing of that 
nature take place in America; it would be playing into the 
hands of our enemies, enabling them to Tantalize our friends 
and to deprive them of ye power of executing their designed 



39° FITCH PAPERS. 

plans of Serving- us; and must be as ungrateful! as it would 
be impolitick. I hope therefore as Soon as the authenti- 
cated news shall arive of the Total repeal of the [ ] 
Stamp act, your papers will be filled with every sentiment 
of gratitude, and loyalty to the King & mother Contry with 
the greatest respect to the present wise Administration and 
the respective General Assemblies will be very early in their 
Addresses to the King & the administration to the same pur- 
pose; I could wish Connecticut Could be y^ first I Cant but 
think this would be makeing ourselves of Importance by 
Shewing that the Americans are as gratefuU for liberty as 
they are obstinate against slavery you may depend on it 
such a Conduct will be agreeable to our friend here; I can't 
but mention to you that the opposition run so high that his 
Majesty Suffered his opinion to be taken in writing for y^ 
repeal of ye act which much damp't the opposition ; but I 
trust these in confidence with your Honf whome I expect in 
a Short time to wait on and am 

your oblige Humble Serv' 

P LYMAN 
London 26*^ Febv 1766 Gov Fitch 
[Superscribed] To The Hon^ie Thomas Fitch Esqf Cap* 
Geni & Coinander in Chief of the Colony of Connecti- 
cut at Norwalk Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from Genii Lyman 20th Feb^y 1766 Rec<i 
29th April 



RICHARD JACKSON TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Inner Temple 27 febv 1766 
Sir 

It is with great pleasure that I acquaint you that a Bill 
has been already brought into the House of Commons for' 
the Repeal of the Stamp Act,'& that we consider it as likely 
to meet with little difficulty in that House, because upon 2 
Divisions already, one in the House & the other in a Com- 
mittee of the whole House our Majority for the Repeal was 
107 & 108 This is greatly beyond the Expectation I had 



HKNRY S. CONWAY. 39 1 

formed 3 Weeks ago, & I had reasonable good grounds to 
judge upon; but Providence has visibly interfered on our 
behalf. 

Since the Parliament first met there has been great 
Reason to fear our Success more than once. Great use has 
been made of some indiscretions & unjustifiable Violences 
in America to convince us that the Honour of ye Parliament 
was concerned to inforce the Act, & that the Repeal would 
be considered as a Surrender of ye Powers of Government 
over America, & encourage more disorders. The Credit of 
ye best Friends America ever had is pledged that this will 
not be ye Case, & I cannot therefore but wish most earnestly 
that the Act of Repeal if it pass ye H of Lords as I hope it 
will, may restore perfect Quiet & Order in all parts of ye 
Colonies. I have always thought it would. 
I have ye honour to be Sir 

y most Obedt 

most hble Servt 

RD JACKSON 
275 240 

167 133 Number on Division 

108 107 
[Superscribed] To The Honble Tho^ Fitch Esqf Governor 

of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from M"" Agent Jackson 2'jth Feb^y 1766 

Rec<i 29th April 



HENRY S. CONWAY TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Circular 

S^ James's i^t March 1766 
Gent/emen, 

I am very sorry not to be able as yet to give you any 
Instruction for the Rules of your Conduct in the perplexed 
Situation of Things in the Colonies; But the Parliament, to 
whose Wisdom His Majesty has been pleased to refer those 
AjGfairs, not having come to any ultimate Decision thereon, 
I may not presume to give you any positive Direction: At 



392 FITCH PAPERS. 

the same Time it is, I think, my Duty to inform you, that 
a Bill is brought in, & has made some Progress, in the House 
of Commons, for the Repeal of the Stamp Act; and that 
other Proceedings, relative to the mutual Rights of Great 
Britain and Her Colonies, are also in Consideration before 
Parliament. As soon as ever any Thing is ultimately deter- 
mined by the Legislature, you may depend upon the speed- 
iest Information from me, & will not fail to receive there- 
with His Majesty's farther Instructions. In the mean Time, 
The King relies on Your Discretion to take the properest 
Measures, that the Circumstances of the Times may re- 
quire, for the Good of the Colony committed to your Care, 
I am, with great Truth & Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient 
humble Servant. 

H. S. CONWAY 
Governor & Company of Connecticut. 

CHARLES ANTROBUS TO THOMAS FITCH. 

On board His Majesty's Ship the Maidstone 
at Rhode Island the 3^ March 1766. 
Sir 

His Majesty in Council the 23d of October having taken in- 
to Consideration a Report from the Right Honble the Lords 
of the Committee of Council for Plantation Affairs on the 
Representations of the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations. A Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury; 
and several Letters received from the Province of the Massa- 
chusets Bay &c. giving an Account of the Violent & Danger- 
ous Riots which had arisen therein, with a view to prevent 
the execution of an Act of Parliament of Great Britain for 
levying a Stamp Duty in His Majesty's Colonies and Plan- 
tations in America, was pleased with the advice of his Privy 
Council to direct, that the Right Honble Henry Seymour 
Conway Esq^ one of His Principal Secretaries of State, 
should write Letters to the several Governors of His Majes- 
ty's Colonies in North America, signifying his Royal Will, 



THOMAS FITCH. 393 

and Pleasure, that they should in their respective Provinces, 
provide by all prudent, and proper Methods, for the Sup- 
port, Honor, and Safety of Government, and use all Legal 
means to preserve Peace and good Order, by a full and 
timely exertion of the Civil Power, and in case the exigence 
of Affairs, should make it necessary, to procure the Aid of 
the Military; in support of the Civil Povv^er, the Governor of 
the Province where such might happen, should apply to the 
Commanders of His Majesty's Land, and Sea Forces, or any 
of them, as the occasion might require ; and His Majesty gave 
Orders accordingly to the respective Departments, and hav- 
ing been honor'd with the same, I am to acquaint you that 
His Majesty's Sea Forces, stationed upon the Coasts of New 
England, under my Command, will at all times concur, and 
assist you to the utmost of their Power for the Support, 
Honor, and Safety of Government, and for the preservation 
of Peace and good Order in His Majesty's Colony under 
your Command, for which purpose I have dispatched Orders 
to Captain Durell, Commander of His Majesty's Frigate the 
Cygnet, stationed at New London, but should the Exigence 
of Affairs make a further Aid necessary, on application to 
me at Rhode Island, I shall dispatch such additional Assist- 
ance as the nature of the Affair may require, and His Majes- 
ty's other Service shall admit, and I have the Honor to be 
with great Regard and Respect 

Sir Your most Obed' 

Humble Serv* 

CHAS ANTROBUS 

Honbie Tho^ Fitch Esqr Governor of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from Charles Antrobus Esqf Commander 

of the Ship Maidstone &c 3d March 1766 Rec^ 8'^ 

THOMAS FITCH TO SIR HENRY MOORE. 

NoRWALK ijth March 1766. 
Sir 

I have been favoured with your Letter of the 24th of 
February acquainting me you were directed by His Majesty 
to inform me of your Appointment to be Captain General 



394 FITCH PAPERS. 

and Commander in Chief of the Militia and all the Forces 
of the Colony of Connecticut. This as you Observe is no 
New Appointment for the Like Clause I Suppose has been 
inserted in the Commissions to the Several Governors of 
New York Ever Since Governor Fletchers Commission that 
included which is upward of Seventy years, Before that it 
was Inserted in Sir William Phipps's Commission Governor 
of the Massachusets Bay but by M^ Fletchers Commission 
that Part of Governor Phipps's which related to Connecti- 
cut was Revoked and given to Governor Fletcher. He 
thereupon as I have been Informed came into the Colony 
and Attempted to put in Execution that Part of His 
Commission which Respected the Militia and Forces of the 
Colony, how he Succeeded in his Endeavours and what 
Reception he met with it is needless for me to Mention. 
However that Affair Occasioned a Petition to their Majes- 
tys on which the Opinion of the then Attorny and Solicitor 
General was obtained who first Stating the Case gave their 
Opinion that the Charter of the Colony gave the ordinary 
Power of the Militia to the Government thereof; but were 
also of Opinion their Majestys might Constitute a Chief 
Commander who might have Authority at all Times to 
command Siich Proportion of the Forces of Each Colony as 
their Majestys should think fit, and in Times of Invasion or 
approach of the Enemy, witli the Advice and Assistance of 
the Governors of the Colonies, to conduct and command the 
rest of the Forces for the Preservation and Defence of such 
of the Colonies, as should most stand in need thereof; not 
Leaving the Rest unprovided of a competent Force for their 
Safety: But in Times of Peace, and when the Danger is 
over, the Militia ought to be under the Government and 
Disposition of the Governor of the Colony According to 
their Charter. This Opinion was Approved by their Majes- 
ties in Council, but while these Matters were in Considera- 
tion an Estimate of the Proportion or Quota's of the Several 
Colonies was exhibited in which New Yorks Quota was 200 
Men and Connecticuts 120, to this the Agent for Connecticut 
Agreed, and on Such Concession the Proportion of Connecti- 



THOMAS FITCH. 395 

cut was Limited not to exceed that Number and that Rule 
to be observed only in Times of War. Notice of this con- 
clusion was given to Governor Fletcher and the Colony of 
Connecticut with Orders to conform thereto Accordingly. 
This Account is Abstracted from a writing in my Hands 
which I take to be a Copy of those Proceedings and tho' not 
attested yet I Suppose Authentic Copies may be obtained. 
I can't learn that Settlement has ever been practiced upon 
or that any Demand has ever been Since made of any 
Forces from Connecticut by any Governor of New York in 
Consequence thereof, altho their Commissions as I have 
understood have all had the like Clause in them but for 
what Reason it is difficult to determine. Indeed that the 
Supposed Power contained in that Part of the Commission 
considered either at Large or as Restrained by King William 
should not be Claimed or again attempted to be carried into 
Execution Can't be matter of great Admiration, for whoever 
Considers the Prior Grant in the Charter to the Governor 
and Company of the Colony of Connecticut vesting them 
with the whole Power and Command of the Militia and 
Forces of the Colony to be held and Exercised by them for 
ever and compares with a Posterior Commission durante 
bene placito, only Expressing a Grant of the Same Powers 
to another, while the former Remains in Force may easily 
Judge where the authority to exercise those Powers is 
lodged and by virtue of which Commission they may be 
legally execised. The first can't be Revoked by the Latter 
nor by any Means Repealed or made void or declared so, 
but on legal Process; and as that has not been had, it as yet 
remains good, and consequently the other can be of no 
Avail, and whether it is probable the Colony will think 
proper in any Degree to Submit to that Commission you 
may be able to Judge. Thus Sir as these Matters were as I 
Suppose not generally Known, and whether your Excellency 
had been made acquainted with them, I could not tell, I 
tho't it might be expedient to give you this brief account 
how I understood that affair tho' not with any view to de- 
prive myself of the Pleasure of having the Honour of pay- 



396 FITCH PAPERS. 

ing my Compliments to you in Person in this Colony as 
Such an Opportunity would give me peculiar Satisfaction. 

I have the Hon"" Sir with the greatest Regard to be 
your most obedient and most humble Servant 

THQS FITCH 

Sir Henry Moore knight &c 
[Indorsed] Letter to Govr Moore ii^^ March 1766 

THOMAS FITCH TO RICHARD JACKSON. 

NoRWALK 14th March 1766 
Sir 

I have received your Letter where in you Inform me 
you have found the two Lists of Advice which happened to 
be mislaid and that you had been able to correct the error of 
your general account. A few Days before I received that 
Letter I had Sent forward my Lettter to you wherein I 
have taken Notice not only of the Difference that there is 
between your General account and an abstract of your ac- 
count which 1 received a few Days after the other, but also 
wherein they both vary from my Account, and as the Ac- 
count of the Ballance due to the Colony as Stated in your 
last Letter as well as both the other Differ Something from 
my Account I shall here give Just a general State of the 
Account of the Money you received and of the Drafts and 
Charges to be paid out of it, and from thence Substract the 
Ballance which will appear in a short vides thus viz. 
The Cash received after Fees deducted as p^ 

your account in the abstract Sent me 155,227 14 3 

The whole amount of Bills drawn pr my Ac- 
count including 805 6 7 left unpaid by M' 
Ingersoll for you to pay 145,258 961 
Salaries and Charges pr y 

Acct 706 15 o 

Total 145,965 4 6 I 

Substracted from the Sum received leaves a 

Ballance of 9,262 983 

This Sum is only 15/ & i^'' less than you make the Bal- 
lance in the abstract of your account it is there entred 



HENRY S. CONWAY. 397 

£,<)2(ii 4 9. In your last Letter you have enterd the Bal- 
lance ^9263 8 11, which is 19/ 2 & ifn" more than mine. 
You will see your account of Payments fall 15/0 i^f short 
of my account of Drafts. In your General Ace' of the 
Money received the Shillings and pence are entred 12/ 5. 
these being the Differences I have observed in the Accounts 
I tho't it best to point them out that if you think the vari- 
ance between your Account and Mine is of so much Import- 
ance as to merit a further examination you have all the 
assistance I can at present give, and am glad to find no 
greater Difference between accounts which contain so great 
a Number of articles wish nevertheless they mount be 
found perfectly agreable. 

I am Sir with great Esteem and Respect 

your most obedient Humie Servant 

THOS FITCH 
Richard Jackson Esq^ 
[Indorsed] Letter to M^ Agent Jackson 14th March 1766 

HENRY S. CONWAY TO COLONY OF CONNECTICUT. 
Circular. 
S* James's, 31st March 1766. 
Gentlemen, 

Herewith I have the Pleasure of transmitting to You 
Copies of Two Acts of Parliament just passed. The first for 
securing the just Dependency of the Colonies on the Mother 
Country; the Second for the Repeal of the Act of the last 
Session granting certain Stamp Duties in America; and I 
expect shortly to send you a Third for the Indemnity of 
such Persons as have incurred the Penalties imposed by the 
Act just repealed, as such a Bill is now depending, & has 
made a considerable Progress in the House of Commons. 

The Moderation, the Forbearance, the unexampled 
Lenity, & Tenderness of Parliament towards the Colonies, 
which are so signally display'd in those Acts, cannot but 
dispose the Province committed to your Care to that Re- 
turn of chearful Obedience to the Laws, & legislative 
Authority of Great Britain, and to those Sentiments of 



398 FITCH PAPERS. 

respectful Gratitude to the Mother Country, which are the 
natural, & I trust will be the certain Effects of so much 
Grace and Condescension, so remarkably manifested on the 
Part of His Majesty and of the Parliament; and the future 
Happiness & Prosperity of the Colonies will very much de- 
pend on the Testimonies they shall now give of these Dis- 
positions. 

For as a dutiful & affectionate Return to such peculiar 
Proofs of Indulgence & Affection may, now at this great 
Crisis, be a means of fixing the mutual Interests & Inclina- 
tions of Great Britain & her Colonies on the most firm & 
solid Foundations: So it cannot but appear visible, that the 
least Coldness, or Unthankfulness, the least Murmuring or 
Dissatisfaction on any Ground whatever of former heat, or 
too much prevailing Prejudice, may fatally endanger that 
Union, & give the most severe & affecting Blow to the 
future Interests of both Countries. 

You will think it scarce possible, I imagine, that the 
paternal Care of His Majesty for His Colonies, or the 
Lenity & Indulgence of the Parliament, should go farther 
than I have already mentioned; yet, so full of true Magna- 
nimity are the Sentiments of both, and so free from the 
smallest Colour of Passion or Prejudice, that they seem dis- 
posed not only to forgive, but to forget those most unjusti- 
fiable Marks of an undutiful Disposition, too frequent in 
the late Transactions of the Colonies, and which, for the 
Honor of those Colonies, it were to be wished, had been 
more discountenanced & discouraged by those who had 
Knowledge to conduct themselves otherwise. 

A Revision of the late American Trade Laws is going 
to be the immediate Object of Parliament: Nor will the 
late Transactions there, however provoking, prevent, I dare 
say, the full Operation of that kind & indulgent Disposition 
prevailing both in His Majesty & His Parliament, to give to 
the Trade & interests of America every Relief which the 
true State of their Circumstances demanded, or admits. 

Nothing will tend more effectually to every conciliating 
Purpose, & there is Nothing therefore, I have it in com- 



HENRY S. CONWAY. 399 

mand more earnestly to require of You than that You should 
exert Yourselves in recommending it strongly to the Assem- 
bly, that full & ample Compensation be made to those who, 
from the Madness of the People; have suffered for their 
Deference to Acts of the British Legislature; And You will 
be particularly attentive, that such Persons be effectually 
secured from any further Insult: And that, as far as in 
You lies. You will take Care, by your Example & Influence, 
that they may be treated with that respect to their Persons, 
& that Justice in regard to all their Pretensions, which 
their Merits & their Sufferings undoubtedly claim. The 
Resolutions of The House of Commons, which, by His Maj- 
esty's Commands, I transmit to You to be laid before the 
Assembly, will show You the Sense of that House on those 
Points: And I am persuaded it will, as it certainly ought, 
be the Glory of that Assembly to adopt & imitate those 
Sentiments of the British Parliament founded on the clear- 
est Principles of Humanity & Justice. 

I must mention one Circumstance in particular, which 
ought to recommend those unhappy People, whom the Out- 
rage of the Populace has driven from America, to the Affec- 
tion of all that Country, which is, that unprovoked by the 
Injuries they had suffered to a Forgetfulness of what they 
owed to Truth and their Country, they gave their Testi- 
monies with Knowledge, but without Passion or Prejudice; 
& those Testimonies had, I believe, great Weight in per- 
suading the Repeal of the Stamp Act. 

Your Situation which has made You a Witness of the 
Distraction of that Country will enable You to form the 
best Judgment of the Behaviour which your Province ought 
to use upon this Occasion, & of the Arguments which you 
ought to employ to enforce the Necessity of such a Behav- 
iour as is suitable to their present Circumstances. 

I am with great Truth and Regard, 

Gentlemen, Your most obedient, 

humble Servant, 

H. S. CONWAY. 

Governor and Company of Connecticut. 
[Indorsed] Letter from m^ Secretary Conway 31st March 1766 



400 FITCH PAPERS. 

COMMISSIONERS OF CUSTOMS TO THOMAS FITCH. 
Sir, 

Having by Our Letter to M^" Temple Surveyor General 
of the Northern District of America acquainted him that 
We have pursuant to a Warrant from the Treasury issued 
Our Deputation to Peter Harrison Esq*" to be Collector of 
the Revenue of Customs at New haven in Connecticut in 
the room of Joseph Harrison Esqr who has resigned that 
Employm* We desire the favor of you in case of M*" Temples 
absence to open the Packet directed for him inclosing Our 
deputation & Instructions for M*" Harrison, & to admit him 
to the said Employment on his executing the Bond enclosed 
in the Letter to the Surveyor General and taking the Oaths 
enjoined by Law, and to grant him a Certificate thereof to be 
transmitted to Us. 

We are. Sir, 

Your very humble Servants 

W: MUSGRAVE 
EDWD HOOPER 
H PELHAM. 
CN MORRIS. 
Custom House London 12th April 1766. 

H H 
His Honour the Governor of Connecticut. 
[Superscribed] To The Hon^ie Thomas Fitch Esqr Gov- 
ernor of Connecticut 
[Indorsed] Letter from the Custom House office Relating 
to Mr Harrisson 12'^ of aprill 1766. Rec^ 12* of August 



GREY COOPER TO THOMAS FITCH. 

Sir, 

It having appeared to the Lords Commiss" of his Maj- 
esty's Treasury that by the resignation of several Distribu- 
utors of Stamps, and by the late imhappy disorders and 
tumults in some of the Colonies in North America and the 
West Indies many parcells of Stampt Parchment and Paper 
have come into the hands and custody of the Governors, 



GREY COOPER, 40 I 

Majestrates, or other Persons within the said Provinces and 
Islands respectively, And the Act of Parliament for laying 
duties on Stamps in the Plantations being now repealed ; I 
am directed by their Lordships to require Your Excellency 
to give such Orders as may be found proper and necessary 
for returning and forwarding in the most safe, and expe- 
ditious manner to the Commissioners for managing his 
Majesty's Stamp duties in Great Britain all such parcells of 
Stampt Parchment and Paper as may remain in Your Cus- 
tody or Power or in the Custody or Power of any other Per- 
son or Persons within Your Excellency's Jurisdiction. I am 
Sir, 

Your Excellency's most 

humble Servant 

GREY COOPER 

Treasury Chambers May 5: 1766. 

His Excy Thqs Fitch 
[Indorsed] Letter from ye Lords Commissioners of his Maj- 

estys Treasury Dated May 5 1766. Receiv'd July 1766 



INDEX OF SOLDIERS. 



[Obviously, many of the names in this index are misspelled; but 
they are printed exactly as they appear on the rolls which are filed in 
the English archives.] 



Abbey, John, i6i. 
Abbot, Samuel, i68. 
Abbot, Thomas, i68. 
Abby, Lieut. Thomas, 169. 
Abenatha, Samuel, 189. 
Abey, Richard. 168. 
Abiatt, Ebenezer, 37. 
Acland, Thomas, 166. 
Adams, Abraham, 181. 
Adams, David, 38. 
Adams, Esra, 177. 
Adams, Jabez, 186. 
Adams, Ens. Samuel, 171. 
Adams, William, 39. 
Addenton, John, iSi. 
Addis, Thomas, 184. 
Afford, Samuel, 184. 
Albode, Job, 179. 
Alden, Walter, 183. 
Alford, Jonathan, 150. 
Allen, Ebenezer, 39. 
Allen, Eleazar, 176. 
Allen, Hezekiah, 156. 
Allen, John, 176. 
Allen, Josiah, 176. 
Allen, Reuben, 158. 
Allen, Samuel, 161. 
Allen, Thomas, 176. 
Ailing, Ebenezer, 36. 
Ailing, Elnathan, 35. 
Ailing, Thomas, 36. 
Allyn, Daniel, 160. 
Ames, Ebenezer, 152. 
Ames, James, 172. 
Amsbare, Stephen, 164. 



Anderson, Benjamin, 162. 
Anderson, Eliakim, 35. 
Anderson, Samuel, 162. 
Andrass, Ephraim, 35. 
Andrew, Richard, 160. 
Andrews, Lieut. David, 150. 
Andrews, Moses, 189. 
Andrews, Noah, 189. 
Andrews, Samuel, 157. 
Andrews, Theophilus, 155. 
Answorth, Martin, 153. 
Antizall, Simon, 165. 
Apes, Samuel, 168. 
Apes, William, 39, 42, 168. 
Apley, Ezekiel, 42. 
Armstrong, Jonathan, 163. 
Arnold, Elisha, 188. 
Arnold, Lieut. James, 177. 
Ashpo, John, 163. 
Attley, Jeremiah, 153. 
Atwater, Abraham, 155. 
Austen, Caleb, 38. 
Austen, Joseph, 39. 
Austin, Elias, 160. 

Back, George, 40, 167. 
Back, Jesse, 168. 
Baganick, John, 41. 
Baggs, Lemuel, 178. 
Bailey, Elijah, 1S3. 
Bailey, Isaac, 165. 
Bailey, Samuel, 184. 
Baisley, Nathan, 176. 
Baker, Benjamin, 160. 
Baker, Gideon, 162. 



404 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Baldwin, Andrew, 35. 
Baldwin, Azael, 186. 
Baldwin, Maj. David, i77- 
Baldwin, Henry, 163. 
Baldwin, Isaac, 35. 
Baldwin, Justus, 177. 
Baldwin, Solomon, 35. 
Ball, Hezekiah, 156, 182. 
Banning, Benjamin, 163. 
Barber, Jacob, 160. 
Bai-ber, Seth, 150. 
Barker, Jesse, 34. 
Barker, Thomas, 1S7. 
Barker, William, 39. 
Barker, Lieut. William, 172. 
Barlowe, Jabez, 176. 
Barnes, Daniel. 179, 180. 
Barnes, Nehemial, 165. 
Barnes, Titus, 175, 179. 
Barnett, Jeremiah, 181. 
Barnett, John, 180. 
Barnham Barnabas, 185. 
Barnham, Gideon, 185. 
Barnham, Samuel, 179. 
Barnum, Nathan, 156. 
Barnum, Nathaniel, 158. 
Barrett. Samuel, 172. 
Barrit, Hildrick, 157. 
Barrows, Isaac, 152. 
Bartholomew, Eleazer, 186. 
Bartlet, Samuel, 170. 

Basset, Seth, 42. 

Bassitt, John, 35, 

Batchelor, Samuel, 33. 

Bates, Jabez, 184. 

Bates, Jonathan, 184. 

Bates, Thomas, 162. 

Bates, Timothy, 188. 

Bates, Zopher, 185. 

Batterson, George, 35. 

Batterson, James, 35. 

Beabe, Rosell, 166. 

Beach, John, 182. 

Beach, Joseph, 155. 

Beach, Moses, 158. 



Beach, Phineas, 182. 
Beach, Thomas, iSi. 
Beacher, Abel, 175. 
Beans, Samuel, 175. 
Beardsley, Andrew, 189. 
Beardsley, Isaac, 178. 
Beardsley, John, 178. 
Bebee, Timothy, 153. 
Bechan, Nathaniel, 1S7. 
Becher, Amos, 182. 
Beckwith, Ezekiel, 41. 
Beckwith Jedidiah, 41. 
Beckwith, Timothy, 151- 
Beckwith, William, 41. 
Beebee, Jasper, 41. 
J-5eeman, Benajah, 187. 
Beevey, Job, 163. 
Bell, John, 36. 
Bell, Thomas, 183. 
Bellings, Jabez, 151. 
Bement, Jonathan, 165. 
Benjamin, Caleb, 161. 
Benjamin, Ebenezer, 40. 
Benjamin, John, 166. 
Bennedict, Lieut. Lemuel, 37. 
Bennet, Jesse, 167. 
Bennet, Peleg, 176. 
Bennett, Guilbod, 36. 
Benton, David, 157. 
Benton, Selah, i6g. 
Berdslee, Ebenezer, 37. 
Berdslee, Jesse, 37. 
Bess, Philip, 186. 
Bewell, Jonathan, 170. 
Bibbons, Timothy, 38. 
Bicknal Ebenezer, 34. 
Bicknal, Nathan, 34. 
Bickspey, Moses, 188. 
Bidwell, William, 177. 
Bill, Jonathan, 150. 
Bill, Samuel, 150. 
Billings, Peleg, 42. 
Bingham, Jeremiah, 40. 
Bingham, John, 165. 
Bingham, Jonathan, 38. 



INDEX OF SOLDIERS. 



405 



Bingham, Lemuel, 39. 
Bingham, Nathaniel, 41. 
Bingham, Reuben, 38. 
Bird, Alwood, 33. 
Bird, Ebenezer, 33. 
Bird, Samuel, 161. 
Bishop, Charles, iSi. 
Bishop, John, 41. 
Bissell, Ens. Osiah, 150. 
Blackman, Eliah, 160. 
Blackman James, 171. 
Blackman, Jedediah, 156. 
Blackman, Nehemiah, 178. 
Blackman, Samuel, 17S. 
Blackmore, Ezekiel, 153. 
Blackwith, Jonathan, 164. 
Blair, Archibil, 35. 
Blake, Joseph, 33. 
Blake, William, 181. 
Blanchard, George, 41. 
Blanchard, Joseph, 161. 
Blang, John, 35. 
Bliss, John, 179. 
Bliss, Silvanus, 179. 
Blodgett, Silas, 165. 
Bolton, Jabez, 34. 
Boney, Ens. Joel, 185. 
Bonnell, Isaac, 176. 
Bonnson, Noah, 158. 
Booth, John, 165. 
Booth, Jonathan, 169. 
Booth, Joseph, 178. 
Bordman, Moses, 165. 
Bordsley, Stephen, 37. 
Bostick, Samuel, 177. 
Bostwick, Azael, 187. 
Bostwick. Daniel, 33. 
Bostwick, Edward, 33. 
Bostwick, Elijah. 33. 
Bostwick, Ens. Reuben. 186. 
Bosworth, David, 183. 
Bosworth, Joseph, 160. 
Bowden, John, 172. 
Bowen, Joseph, 168. 
. Bowton, Miles, 37. 



Bradley, Ariel, i57- 
Bradley, Eli, 175. 
Bradley, Enos, 35. 
Bradley, Jabez, 15^). 
Bragg, Nathaniel, 40. 
Bramble, Eliah, 153. 
Bramble, William. 183. 
Bramby, Preserved, 40. 
Branch, Rufus, 42. 
Brewer, Thomas, 161. 
Briggs, John, 165. 
Brink, Alexander, 183. 
Brinsmayd, John, 33. 
Bristoll, Jonathan, 35. 
Brockitt, Hezekiah, 35. 
Brockway, Ephraim, 41. 
Brockway, Samuel, 166. 
Brookes, Charles, 184. 
Brookes, William, 184. 
Brookit, Hezekiah, 182. 
Brooks, Abiah, 168. 
Brooks, Amos, 155. 
Brooks, John, 168. 

Broughton, Amos, 187. 

Broughton, John, 172. 

Brown, Ebenezer, 163. 

Brown, Elisha, 168. 

Brown, James, 222. 

Brown, Lieut. James, 167. 

Brown, John, 39, 151- 

Brown, Joseph, 34. 

Brown, Nathan, 40. 

Brown, Robert, 172. 

Brown, Stephen, 172. 

Browne, Andrew, 188. 

Brumbly, John, 167. 

Brunson, Jonathan, 180. 

Brunson, Moses, 179. 

Bruster, Esra, 173. 

Buck, Corp., 33. 

Buck, Cyrus, 151. 

Buck, Daniel, 33. 

Buck, David, 33, 186. 

Buckingham, Giles, 157. 

Buckingham, Samuel, 184. 



4o6 



FITCH PAPERS 



Buckley, Concklin, 185. 
Buckley, Peter, 155. 
Buel Ephraim, 156. 
Buel, Nathaniel, 157. 
Bugby, Abiah, 172. 
Bulevant, Joseph, 170. 
Bullock, Joseph, 180. 
Bullon, Matthas, 40. 
Bume, George, 160. 
Bunce, John, 157. 
Burchard, Elijah, 177. 
Burges, Lieut., 34. 
Burgis, Seth, 171. 
Burnam, Joshua, 168. 
Burnet, Andrew, 33. 
Burns, Thomas, 170. 
Burr, Ezra, 35. 
Burrell, John, 34. 
Bushel, Benajah, 157. 
Bushell, John, 182. 
Bushnell, Daniel, 182, 184. 
Bushnell, Phineas, 184. 
Butler, John, 184. 
Butson, Charles, 167. 
Button, William, 42. 
Byhinton, Daniel, 175. 
Byhinton, Jehiel, 175. 
Byhinton, Joel, 175. 
Byhinton, Jonathan, 175. 
Byxbee, Moses, 221. 

Cadee, Luther, 150. 
Cadey, Eliah, 172. 
Cadey, Noah, 171. 
Cadey, Simon, 161. 
Cady, Elijah, 39. 
Cady, Noah, 41. 
Caffegne, James, 181. 
Cahill, Martin, 165. 
Caldwell, Abraham, 161. 
Calkins, William, 33. 
Call, Nathan, 41. 
Camp, William, 39. 
Campbel, Andrew, 34. 
Campbell, William, 170. 



Canfield, Corp., 33. 
Canfield, Thomas, 35. 
Cannada, Dav.id, 38. 
Carpenter, Lieut. Anthony, 178. 
Carpenter, Ebenezer, 172. 
Carpenter, Eliah, 172. 
Carpenter, Hezekiah, 41. 
Carpenter, Joseph, 171. 
Carpenter, Joshua, 34. 
Carpenter, William, 167. 
Carr, Charles, 164, 
Carrier, Andrew, 157. 
Carter, Daniel, 180. 
Carter, Israel, 179. 
Carter, Thaddeus, 189. 
Gary, Eleazer, 38. 
Cary, Mo.ses, 38, 40. 
Case, Heke., 160. 
Case, Isaac, 160. 
Case, Jonah, 33. 
Cask, David, 37. 
Cassel, William, 153. 
Castillow, James, 36. 
Castle, Elisha, 156. 
Caswell. Nathan, 39. 
Catlin, Alexander, 186. 
Catlin, Lieut. Elj, 186. 
Catlin, Isaac, 186. 
Chaffe, Zebediah, 41. 
Chalker, Lieut. Alexander, 161. 
Chamberlane, William, 172. 
Champlain, Silas, 42. 
Chapel, John, 164. 
Chaple, Labeus, 164. 
Chapman, Andrew, 41. 
Chapman, Daniel, 181. 
Chapman, Hope, 36. 
Chapman, James, 164. 
Chapman, Jeremiah, 37. 
Chapman, Samuel, 41, 164. 
Chapman, William, 41. 
Chappel, John, 41. 
Chase, Benjamin, 156. 
Chase, Solomon, 158. 
Chedle, Benjamin, 38. 



INDEX OF SOLDIERS. 



407 



Cheesebrook, Tad, 151. 
Child, Increas, 41. 
Child, Lieut. Jonathan, 41. 
Childs, Isachar, 172. 
Chilson, David, 150. 
Chittister, Daniel, 222. 
Church, Abner, 171. 
Claft, Waterman, 42. 
Clark, Andrew, 38. 
Clark, James, 157. 
Clark, John, 155. 
Clark, Nehemiah, 155 
Clark, Randle, 164. 
Clark. William, 33. 
Clarke, Edward, 167. 
Clarke, Elisha, 187. 
Clarke, Israel, 184. 
Clarke, Jacob, 163. 
Clarke, James, 36. 
Clarke, Judd, 180. 
Clason, Samuel, 222. 
Clement, Robert, 175. 
Clerk, Andrew, 40. 
Clerk, Isaac, 42. 
Clerk, John, 42. 
Clift, William, 171. 
Cloes, Thomas, 161. 
Cobb, Benjamin, 164. 
Cobb, James, 39. 
Coble, Samuel, 35. 
Coble, William, 36. 
Coburn, Nathaniel, 16S. 
Coffield, Enos, 186. 
Coger, Jeremiah, 37. 
Coggwell, Benjamin, 34. 
Colburn, John, 38. 
Cole, James, 155. 
Coll, Ebenezer, 153. 
Collar, Joseph, 153. 
Coller, James, 41. 
Collar, Joseph, 41. 
Coller, Nathaniel, 41. 
CoUicks, Samuel, 172. 
Collins, Amos, 161. 
Collins, Jabez, 152. 



Collins, Jacob, 155. 
Collins, John, 161. 
Collins, Lieut. John, 179. 
Colser, Nathaniel, 171. 
Colson, Moses, 38. 
Comstock, Daniel, 156. 
Comstock, James, 182. 
Comstock, Samuel, 37, 182. 
Conant, Caleb, 153. 
Cone, Caleb, 37. 
Congo, Dick, 155. 
Convers, Israel, 166. 
Convis, Samuel, 150. 
Cook, Benjamin, 175. 
Cook, Charles, 179. 
Cook, jMoses, 179. 
Cook, Reuben, 165. 
Cooley, Nathaniel, 166. 
Cooper, Abraham, 156. 
. Cooper, Stephen, 175. 
Corbett, James, 158. 
Corbett, Samuel, 185. 
Corey, Timothy, 168. 
Corles, Absolom, 168. 
Corna, William, 164. 
Cory, Josiah, 41. 
Couch, Lieut. Ebenezer, 35. 
Coultis, Ambrose, 183. 
Coutch, Samuel, 36. 
Coy, Jonathan, 39. 
Craft, Aaron, 150. 
Crandle, Samuel, 150. 
Crane, John, 183. 
Crary, Lieut. Benjamin, 40. 
Cravath, Samuel, 180. 
Croaker, Isaac. 185. 
Crocker, Elisha, 41. 
Crorker, Benedict, 162. 
Cross, Nathaniel, 181. 
Crossman, Dan, 41. 
Croswell, Jos., 161. 
Culven, Andrew, 180. 
Culven, Samuel, 180. 
Cummings, David, 152. 
Cummings, Samuel, 179. 



4o8 



FITCH PAPtRS. 



Cummins, Isaac, 33. 
Curry, Timothy, 172. 
Curtis, Amos, 222. 
Curtis, Benjamin, 180. 
Curtis, John, 157, 161. 
Curtis, Jonathan, 188. 
Curtiss, Abener, 37. 
Curtiss, David, 37. 
Cushman, William, 38, 40. 
Cutler, John, 150. 

Daily, Jesse, 173. 
Daily, Jeremiah, 161. 
Dammon, Asa, 42. 
Dan, Reuben, 222. 
Daniels, Timothy, 164. 
Darling, David, 35. 
Darrance, Garshom, 34. 
Dauchey, James, 37. 
Davern, John, 176. 
Davis, B. Oswill, 160. 
Davis, Isaac, 160. 
Davis, Jos., 166. 
Davis, Joshua, 34, 168. 
Davis, Mathevv, 41. 
Davis, Nathaniel, 164. 
Davis, Noah, 170. 
Davis, Soloman, 160. 
Davis, Thaddius, 35. 
Davison, Asa, 171. 
Davison, Daniel, 39. 
Davison, John, 177. 
Dawey, Simeon, 183. 
Dee, Elisha, 157. 
Delamore, Joseph, 179. 
Demock, Timothy, 168. 
Denelaw, Martin, 153. 
Denison, Nathan, 38. 
Dennison, John, 157. 
Dennison, Samuel, 185. 
Dennison, Ens. William, 167. 
Derrow, Richard, 155. 
Deruset, Stephen, 39. 
Dewolf, Stephen, 41. 
Dexter, Zariel, 183. 



Dibble, Israel, 185. 
Dickinson, Jacob, 186. 
Dimon, Moses, 36. 
Divan, John, 36. 
Dixon, John, 173. 
Dodge, Alexander, 165. 
Dodge, Eliphat, 183. 
Dodge, Isaac, 38. 
Dodge, Nath., 172. 
Dodge, William, 165. 
Dolittle, David, 175. 
Dolittle, Oliver, 1S2. 
Doncook, Samuel, 177. 
Donnes, Ebenezer, iSi. 
Doolittle, David, 35. 
Doolittle, Solomon, 35. 
Dorance, Gershon, 175. 
Dormerly, John, 184. 
Dorthy, Andrew, 181. 
Dossy, John, 221. 
Doty, Timothy, 185. 
Dough, Joshua, 185. 
Dough, Nathanael, 185. 
Douglass, Dominic, 1&6. 
Dow, Humphry, 170. 
Dow, Pelet. , 170. 
Downer, Zachous, 39. 
Driggs, Daniel, 164. 
Drinkwater, Samuel, 33, 187. 
Drinkwater, William, 187. 
Dunham, George, 38. 
Dunkley, Robert, 166. 
Durnad, Jos., 188. 
Durkee, Maj. John, 162. 
Durkey, Eden, 152. 
Durwin, Urziel, 176. 
Dye, Peter, 40. 
Dykmon, Daniel, 222. 

Eady, Elisha, 167. 
Eady, James, 153, 165. 
Earl, Moses, 38. 
Eastman. Benjamin, 33. 
Eaton, Ephraim, 173. 
Eaton, John, 165. 



INDKX OK SOLDIERS. 



409 



Eaton, Samuel, 34. 
Edey, Elisha, 42. 
Edwards, Benajah, 34. 
Edwards, Churchill, 153. 
Edwaids, Joseph, 151. 
Edwards, Peleg, 40. 
Eldridge, Nathan, 153. 
l'>lmer, Daniel, 185. 
Elmer, Capt. Samuel, 185. 
Elseworth, James, 153. 
Emerson, Joseph, 41. 
Emmonds, Elj, 186. 
Enos, Capt. Roger, 160. 
Ervin, William, 150. 
Esterbrooks, Joseph, 168. 
Everet, Jeremiah, 38. 

Pagans, William, 167. 
Fairchild, Ens. Peter, 36. 
Fall, Mathew, i6g. 
Fanning, James, 39. 
Fargo, Josiah, 166. 
Fargo, Moses, 164. 
Fargo, Zebediah, 164. 
Farnam, Jeremiah, 3S. 
Farnham, William, 16S. 
Felch, Samuel, 40. 
Fellow, Nathan, 37. 
Fellows, Obed, 185. 
Felt, David, 152. 
Fenn, David, 156. 
Penning, David, 151. 
Fenton, Benjamin, 152. 
Fenton, Francis, 166. 
Fenton, Jonathan, 183. 
Ferguson, James, 184. 
Ferguson, Samuel, 184. 
Ferris, Jeremiah, 37. 
Ferris, Josiah, 36. 
Ferris, Nathaniel, 36. 
Ferris, Samuel, 37. 
Ferriss, Thomas, 181. 
Fetch, Samuel, 40. 
Fillemore, Nathaniel, 163. 
Finch, Jeremiah, 180. 



Finch, Jonathan, 156. 

Finch, Joseph, 222. 

Finne, Moses, 37. 

Firris, Lieut. Nathan, 36. 

Fish, Jason, 151. 

Fisher, Alcott, 166. 

Fisher, Luke, 178. 

Pitch, Lieut. Ichabod, 38. 

Fitch, James, 40. 

Fitch, Mathew, 222. 

Fletcher. John, 168. 

Flint, Benjamin, 168. 

Follet, Eliphalet, 38. 

Follitt, Bartlet, 36. 

Foot, Capt. Lieut. Ab., 174 

Foot, David, 187. 

Foot, Ezra, 176. 

Ford, David, 36. 

Ford, Isaac, 40. 

Ford, Mathew, 156. 

Ford, Phineas, 150. 

Porse, William, 40. 

Forster, Jesse, 155. 

Foster, Jeremiah, 157. 

Foster, John, 161. 

Fowler, Melcher, 184. 

Francher, James, 187. 

Prank, Asher, 155. 

Franklin, Henry Johnson, 39. 

Fraser, Isaac, 150. 

Freeman, John, 167. 

Freeman, Joseph, 183. 

Freeman, Prince, 157. 

French, Andrew, 41. 

Prink, John, 153. 

Frink, Joseph. 38. 

Frost, Benjamin, 176. 

Frost, Moses, 175. 

Frost, Timothy, 177. 

Fuller, Jacob, 162. 

Fuller, Russell, 185. 

Fuller, Timothy, 158. 

Gaines, Judah, 185. 
Galbreath, John, 178. 



4IO 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Gallop, William, 153. 
Gallup, Benjamin, 39. 
Gates, Elijah, 167. 
Gates, Isaac, 167. 
Gates, Josiah, i8r. 
Gau<iy. Alex., 170. 
Gaul, John, 165. 
Gay, Zebulon, 157. 
Geary, Ezekiel, 173. 
George, Philip, 183. 
Gerard. Dupee, 173. 
(iibbs, Caleb, 34, 173. 
Gibson, William, 161. 
Giers, Samuel, 16S. 
Giffords, Lieut. Samuel, 39. 
Giffords. Zebee, 39. 
Gilbart, Elisha, 37. 
Gilbert, Hezekiah, 181. 
Gilbert, Isaac. 181. 
Gilbert, Jabei^, 180. 
Giveings, John, 35. 
Givings, John, 179. 
Glading, John, 157. 
Glanning, Silas, 184. 
Glason, Thomas, 170. 
Glass, James, 157. 
Goodall, Jacob, 39. 
Goodall, Lemuel, 173. 
Goodel, Thomas, 39. 
Goodell, David, 41. 
Goodwin. Thomas, 185. 
Gotherd, Enos, 180. 
Gould, David, 150. 
Graham, Joseph, 184. 
Granger, Asher, 160. 
Grant, John, t86. 
Grant, William, 178. 
Graves, Morke, 42. 
Gray, Phillip, 40. 
Green, David, 40. 
Green, John, 38, 158. 
Green, Norman, 153. 
Green, Thomas, 162. 
Gregory, Zacchaeus, 181. 
Grenell, Serg. Samuel, 42. 



Griffin. John, 11^7. 
Griffin, Joseph, 156. 
Griffis, James, 37. 
Griggory, Seley, 37. 
Grinset, John, 152. 
Gripin, Samuel, 186. 
Griswold, Aaron, 160. 
Griswold, John, 180. 
Griswold, Moses, 177. 
Guernsey, Zachaeus, 158. 
Guilbod, Isaac, 36. 

Hacket, Edward, 42. 
Hail, Samuel, 151. 
Haines, Thomas, 150. 
Haisley, Peter, 187. 
Hait, Joseph, 158. 
Hait, Joseph, Jr., 158. 
Hait, Joseph, 3d, 158. 
Hait, Joseph, 4th, 158. 
Hait, Josiah. 222. 
Hait, Nehemiah, 222. 
Hait, Zackeus, 222. 
Halkeley, Peter, 177. 
Hall, Bate, 182. 
Hall, David, 180. 
Hall, Gideon, 156. 
Hall, Isaac, 37. 
Hall, Israel, 152. 
Hall, Jabez, 156. 
Hall, Joshua, 36. 
Hall, Lieut. Moses, 165. 
Hall, Nathan, 177. 
Hall, Nathanael, 182. 
Hall, Capt., Nathanael, 34. 
Hall, William, 156. 
Hammond, Noah, 163. 
Hanchet, Oliver, 160. 
Handford, Gershon, 158. 
Handford, Thomas, 188. 
Handy, Jonathan, 160. 
Handy, Richard, 152. 
Hanks, Benjamin, 168. 
Hanks, Uriah, 34. 
Hannah, Hugh, 158. 



INDEX OK SOLDIERS. 



411 



Hares, Nathan, 183. 
Harman, Asariah, 164. 
Harman, John, 160. 
Hanick, John, 40. 
Harridan, John, 173. 
Harris, David, 33. 
Harris, Eliphat, 169. 
Harris, John, i6g. 
Harris, Nathaniel, 184. 
Harris, Seers, 40. 
Harris, Thomas, 175. 
Harrison, Noah, 187. 
Hart, Josiah, 182. 
Hart, William, 170. 
Hartshorn, Rufus, 40. 
Hatch, Joseph, <:i2. 
Hatch, Zepheniah, 35. 
Hawley, Jabez, 36. 
Havvley, Nathaniel, 179. 
Hayes, Edmond, 155. 
Hays, John, 222. 
Hays, Nathaniel, 222. 
Heat, Benjamin, 188. 
Heat, James, 188. 
Heat, Josiah, 188. 
Heath, Nathaniel, 184. 
Hedlocke, Jonathan, 166. 
Henman, Aaron, 155. 
Henman, Benjamin, 158. 
Hennmgton, Isaac, 167. 
Herbert, Israel, 187. 
Herrick, Eleazer, 40, 171. 
Hetb. Thomas, 38. 
Hewet, Gershora, 39. 
Hewit, Benjamin, 42. 
Hewit, Gershom, 42. 
Hewit, Simeon, 42. 
Hewitt. David, 151. 
Hibbard, Ebener., 171. 
Hibberd, Daniel, 38. 
Hibberd, Ebenezer, 38. 
Hibberd, Eleazer, 168. 
Hibberd, Josiah, 38, 171. 
Hicks, James, 164. 
Hicks, Levi, 171. 



Hide, John, 42. 

Higley, Josiah, 185. 

Higs, Parr, 178. 

Hill, Bellas, 41. 

Hill, Eleazar, 150. 

Hill, Hezekiah, 150. 

Hill, lechob., 161. 

Hill, Isaac, 178. 

Hill, Primus, 160. 

Hill, Thomas, 34. 

Hill, William, 185. 

Hilton, Atkinson, 176. 

Himan,(?Hmman) Lieut. Adam, 33. 

Hinckly, Ichabod, 38. 

Hinman, Ephraim, 178. 

Hitchcock, Ambrose, 156. 

Hitchcock, Amos, 175. 

Hitchcock, Capt. Amos, 181. 

Hitchcock, Azael, 186. 

Hitchcock, Benjamin, 188. 

Hitchcock, Enos, 37. 

Hitchcock, Nathan, 41. 

Hitchcock, Valentine, 175. 

Hobby, David, 37. 

Hoddard, Ranse, 186. 

Hodgekiss, William, 182. 

Hoggers, Seth, 171. 

Hoit, Benejah, 36. 

Holt, Salvenias, 36. 

Hoit, Timothy, 36. . 

Holbrook, Nicolas, 40. 

Holdridge, Ens. Henry, 182. 

Holly, Cranduli, 40. 

Holley, Jedidiah, 181. 

Holmes, Lemuel, 34. 

Holmes, Philip, 168. 

Holmes, Thomas, 166. 

Holsey, Benjamin, 167. 

Holt, Moses, 177. 

Hopkins, William, 161. 

Hopson, Lamos, 187. 

Hoscout, Jacob, 163. 

Hoskins, Joseph, 33. 

Hotchkiss, Samuel, 35. 

Hotchkiss, Lieut, Timothy, 36. 



412 



FITCH PAPERS. 



House, David Mour, 35. 
Hovey, Abel, 171. 
Hovey, James, 183. 
Hovey, Jonathan, 38. 
How, Benjamin, 34. 
How, Samson, 39. 
How, Solomon, 39. 
Howard, Elijah, 40. 
Howard, John, 37. 
Howard, Thomas, 173. 
Howe, Jonathan, 173. 
Howe, Solomon, 173. 
Howkins, Zadock, 35. 
Hoyt, Joseph, 34- 
Hubbard, Benjamin, 42. 
Hubbard, Job, 157- 
Hubbard, Jonathan, 177- 

Hucheson, John, 169. 

Hudson, Eliazar, 41. 

Husrg, William, 33. 

Hull, Seth, 35. 

HuUeburt, Caleb, 158. 

Hummerston, Ebenezer, 35. 

Humminstone, Timothy, 156. 

Humphrey, Lieut. Elihu, 160. 

Hunt, Thomas, 161. 

Huntington, Andrew, 39. 

Huntington, Chris, 168. 

Huntington, Christopher, 41. 

Huntington, Eliah, 152. 

Huntington, Elijah, 39. 

Huntington, James, 163. 

Huntington, Simon, 38. 

Huntington, Thomas, 41. 

Huntley, Jabez, 164. 

Huntly, Jabez, 42. 

Huntly, Solomon, 42. 

Huskins, Daniel, 163. 

Husstield, Joseph, 36. 

Hutchins, Samuel, 151. 

Hutchins, William, 151- 

Hutchinson, Moses, i57- 

Indian, Peter, 175. 
Ingham, Ebenezer, 184. 



Ingham, Micajah, 183. 
Ingram, Daniel, 183. 
Ingram, Eleasar, 187. 
Ingram, Henry, 187. 
Ingram, Jared, 183. 
Ives, David, 33. 
Ives, Joseph, 182. 
Ives, Minasay, 222. 
Ivey, Petticot, 171. 

Jackson, Aaron, 176. 
Jackson, Comfort, 158. 
Jackson, Daniel, 177. 
Jacobs, Abraham, 35. 
Jacobs, Bartholomew, 175. 
Jagger, Reuben, 36. 
James, Eliah, 162. 
Japliff, Luther, 152. 
Javel, Lieut. Stephen, 164. 
Jecocks, Samuel, 36. 
Jenn, John, 175. 
Jenn, Samuel, 175. 
Jethro, Luke, 182. 
Joddin, Francis, 157. 
Johnson, Serj., 160. 
Johnson, Amos, 186. 
Johnson, Aseal, 165. 
Johnson, Caleb, 169. 
Johnson, Daniel, 222. 
Johnson, David, 166. 
Johnson, Joseph, 176. 
Johnson, Moses, 40, 187. 
Johnson, Nathaniel, 41. 
Johnson, William, 39, 177, i8i- 
Johnston, Peter, 187. 
Jois, Abraham, 179. 
Jones, David, 150. 
Jones, Ebenezer, 38. 
Jones, Giles, 170. 
Jones, Henry, 151- 
Jones, James, 152, 178. 
Jones, John, 150, 177. 178, 180. 
Jones, Joseph, 39, 163. 
Jones, Reuben, 42. 
Jones> Samuel, 184. 



INDEX OF SOLDIERS. 



413 



Jones, Thomas, 170. 
Jordan, Francis, 33. 
Jordan, John, 166. 
Jordan, Stephen, 173. 
Judd, Phillip, 183. 
Judd, Prester, 156. 
Judd, Lieut. Samuel, 175. 
Jues, Joseph, 37. 

Kay, Joseph, 157. 
Kearns, George, 17S. 
Keeler, Daniel, 222. 
Keels, William, 179. 
Kelly, William, 162. 
Kendal, William, i6g. 
Kene, Asa, 40. 
Kehore, John, 35. 
Kelor, Josiah, 36. 
Kennady, Hugh, 173. 
Kennady, Philip, 188. 
Kennet, Moses, iSi. 
Kerby, John, 35. 
Kies, William, i6g. 
Killock, Preserve, 156. 
Kimberley, Ephraim, 188. 
Kimberly, Lieut. Isaac, 184. 
Kimberley, Jacob, 184. 
Kimberly, Lieut. David, 34. 
King, David, 161, 176. 
King, Hezekiah, 150. 
King, Capt. Seth, 151. 
Kingsbury, Jed., 173. 
Kingsley, Eliah, 171. 
Kingsley, Nathan, 152. 
Kinne, Samuel, 41. 
Kinyon, Christopher, 151. 
Kittle, Elias, 173. 
Knap, Amos, 155, 181. 
Knap, Andrew, 177. 
Knap, Elisha, 155. 
Knap, Elj, 181. 
Knap, Henry, 177. 
Knap, John, 177. 
Knap, Samuel, iSi. 
Knaping, Thomas, 3g. 



Knapp, Amos, 37. 
Knapp. Calab, 36. 
Knapp, David, 36. 
Knapp, E^penetus, 36. 
Knapp, Israer, 36. 
Knapp, Joseph, 37. 
Knapping, Thomas, 41. 
Knight, John, 41, 171. 
Knogthrope, Jonathan, 178. 
Knolton, Daniel, 173. 
Knolton, Ens. Thomas, 168. 
Knolton, William, 169. 
Kyes, John, i6g. 

Laud, Phineas, 170. 
Lamb, Joseph, 187. 
Lamkins, Benjamin, 178. 
Lampier, Jesse, 176. > 
Lamson, Silas, 187. 
Landen, Daniel, 158. 
Lane, Cornelius, 153. 
Lane, Daniel, 164. 
Lane, Richard, 179. 
Langworthy, Benjamin, 162. 
Lasle, James, 42. 
Latermore, Thomas, 185. 
Lathercunt, John, 164. 
Lathrop, Labeas, 162. 
Lattin, David, 178. 
Lawrence, Ariel, 160. 
Lawrence Elihu, 41. 
Leach, Hezekiah, 33. 
Leake, John, i7g. 
Leake, Phineas, 178. 
Leavens, Pennywell, 162. 
Leavins, Lieut. Peter, 171. 
Lee, Serg. Elisha, 41. 
Lee, Jonathan, 41. 
Lee, Joseph, 180. 
Lee, Noah, 157. 
Lee, Oliver, 40. 
Lennard, Jonathan, 165. 
Lennard, William, 188. 
Lennond, Aneas, 171. 
Leonard, Ebenezer, 33. 



414 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Lequeve, John, 187. 
Leslie, James, 187. 
Leslie, John. 153. 
Leveridge, John, 166. 
Lewis, Bernard, 179. 
Lewis, Dyer, 169. 
Lewis, Hezekiah, 155. 
Lewis, John, 41. 
Lewis, Nathan, 165. 
Lewis, William Josiah, 188. 
Lilly, John, 38. 
Lilly Silas, 38. 
Linsley, Benjamin, 155. 
Lisle, David, 166. 
Lockwood, Abraham, 37. 
Lockwood, Ephraim, 222. 
Lockwood, Isaac, 158. 
Lockwood, Jabez, 35. 
Lockwood. Samuel, 37. 
Lockwood, Lieut. Timothy, 3- 
Long, Peter, 165. 
Loper, Samuel, 184. 
Lord, David, 160. 
Lord, John, 38, 40, 162. 
Lord, Nathan, 42. 
Lord, Solomon, 38, 40, 171. 
Lothrop, Cora, 40. 
Lothrop, Ezra, 151. 
Lothrop, Samuel, 39. 
Loveland, Jonathan, 185. 
Loveland, Jos., 179. 
Lovelane, Zebu, 42. 
Lovjoy, Oliver, 39. 
Lownesbury, Benjamin, 188. 
Lucas, Richard, 182. 
Ludinton, Nathaniel, 37. 
Lull, James, 152. 
Lumis, Ebenzer, 152. 
Luther, Benjamin, 164. 
Lyman, Jos., 170. 
Lyman, Joseph, 34. 
Lyman, Gen. Phineas, 150, 
Lymans, James, 170. 
Lyon, Abeel, 39. 
Lyon, Eliphat, 169. 



Lyon, Henry, 169. 
Lyon, Jacob, 35. 
Lyon, Joseph", 35. 
Lyon, Robert, 162. 
Lyon, William, 173. 

McCarev, William, 183. 
McCarter, Daniel, 37. 
McCormack, Ephn, 222. 
McGunnegill, Henry, 153 
Mack, Orlando, 183. 
McLinnon, Samuel, 152. 
McNeil, James, 37. 
McNeil, Archibald, 157. 
Magrah, James, 177. 
Mallery, Jonah, 178. 
Mallery, Ogden, 155. 
Mallery, Oliver, 176. 
Mallison, Samuel, 151 
Malton, Joseph, 157. 
Maning, David, 37. 
Manning, Jos., 172. 
Manning, Phinehas, 38. 
Manning. Phineas, 166. 
Manor, John, 167. 
Mansfield, Uziel, 182. 
Marchant, Esra, 178. 
Marcy, Samuel, 153. 
Markham, William, 166. 
Marrum, Jonathan, 156. 
Marshall, Thomas, 181. 
Martin, Moses, 171. 
Martin, Robert, 175. 
Martin, Samuel, 175. 
Marting, Samuel, 37. 
Mason, David, 183. 
Mason, John, 170. 
Mason, Noah, 173. 
Mason, Peter, 151. 
May, Daniel, 171. 
Maynerd, David, 39. 
Mead, Gershom, 37. 
Mead, James, 222. 
Mead. Mathew, 34. 
Mead, Stephen, 37. 



INDEX OF SOLDIERS. 



415 



Meason, John, 39. 
Meeker, Jonathan, 37. 
Meechem, Samuel, 183. 
Meeck, John, 42. 
Mercy, Samuel, 34. 
Merehouse. Elisha, 156. 
Merrick, Jabez, 184. 
Merrill, Thomas, 163. 
Merrills, Eliakini, 150. 
Merrit, John, 17S. 
Merrit, Joseph, 17S. 
Merritt, Charles, 167. 
Messenger, Joseph, 152. 
Middleton, William, 167. 
Miles, James, 175. 
Miles, John, 37. 
Miles, Samuel, 33. 
Miles, Thomas, 175. 
Miller, John, 41, 165. 
Miller, Joseph, 42. 
Miller, Lieut. Robert, 42, 
Miller, Valentine, 15T. 
Millet, Jonathan, 42. 
Mills, John, 188. 
Mills, Joseph, 181. 
Mills, Moses, 150. 
Mills, Simeon, 160. 
Minard, Eliah, 164. 
Minard, Lemuel, 164. 
Miner, Serg. Joshua, 41. 
Miner, Silvester, 41. 
Minett, Jonathan, 173. 
Mire, Alexander, 156. 
Mitchel, George, 167. 
Mitchel, Samuel, 222. 
Mix, James, 150. 
Mix, Timothy, 35. 
Miser, Isaac, 160. 
Mobbes. Sears, 166, 
Monson, Thomas, 155. 
Moody, John, 152. 
Moore, Ens. Abel, 163. 
Moorey, Simeon, 171. 
More, Abel, 41. 
Morgan, Caleb, 156. - 



Morgan, Jonathan, 153. 
Morgin, Charles, 37. 
Morrin, Stephen, 158. 
Morrison, Amos, 35. 
Morry, John, 157. 
Morse, Lieut. Isaac, 186. 
Morse, Solomon, 39. 
Mosier, Naman, 151. 
Mosier, Samuel, 164. 
Moss, Nehemiah, 179. 
Mourhouse, David. 35. 
Mulkins, John, 151. 
Munger, Lewis, 187. 
Munsen, Moses, 184. 
Murdock, Amos, 34. 
Murphy, William, 153. 
Murrain, Daniel, 177. 
Murren, Joseph, 158. 
Murwin, Ebenezer, 222. 
Murwin, Lieut. Stephen, 221. 
Musphey, Robert, 37. 

Nacjnes, Jesse, 169. 
iN'appin, Samuel, 162. 
Negro, Ambo, 150. 
Negro, Caesar, 162, 165 
Negro, Jupiter, 166. 
Negro, Prince, 157. 
Negro, William, 152. 
Nelson, John, 41. 
Newitt, Robert, 184. 
Newlon, Christopher, 178. 
Newton, Ezekiel, 35. 
Nicholas, Joseph, 156. 
Nicholds, Joseph, 36. 
Nichols, Benjamin, 156. 
Nichols, John, 151, 181, 188. 
Nichols, Nehemiah, 18S. 
Nichols, Richard, 182. 
North. John, 185. 
Northrup, Jonathan, 35. 
Northrup, William, 36. 
Norton, Bethuel, 166. 

O'Cane, Jeremiah, 179. 



i6 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Ogdin, John, 35. 
Oles, Stephen, 164. 
Olmsted, Justus, 22 r. 
Olmsteed, Samuel, 37. 
Orcutt, William, 40. 
Orduay, John, 34. 
Orects, Simeon, 166. 
Ormsbury, Ephraim, 39. 
Osbone, Abraham, 179. 
Osborne, Alexander, 165. 
Osbern, Samuel, 156. 
Osborne, Jeremiah, 182. 
Osborne, John, 170. 
Osborne, Timothy, 187. 
Osburn, Eliezer, 35. 
Osterrout, Isaac, 185. 
Oviate, Alexander, 177. 
Oviate, Thomas, 177. 
Oviatt, Thomas, 35. 
Otwell, Thomas, 41. 
Owen, Daniel, 156. 
Owen, Elijah, 160. 
Owen, John, 185. 

Page, David, 162. 
Page, Eliphalet, 163. 
Palmer, Daniel, 37. 
Palmer, James, 34. 
Palmer, Thomas, 183. 
Parish, Elisha, 171. 
Parish, William, 38. 
Park, James, 37, 
Parke, Lieut. Daniel, 36. 
Parker, Abel, 160. 
Parker, Dennis, 170. 
Parker, Elisha, 155. 
Parker, Enos, 177. 
Parker, George, 38. 
Parker, James, 152, 169. 
Parker, Jonathan, 34, 165. 
Parker, Zachariah, 152. 
Parmeley, Hezekiah, 35. 
Parsons, Ezra, 152. 
Partilo, Amos, 181. 
Partilo, Jehiel. 181. 



Patchin, James, 35. 
Paul, William, 168. 
Pavers, Solomon, 168. 
Pawl, Benjamin, 41. 
Paybody, Benjamin, 162. 
Payne, Daniel, 179. 
Peabody, Isaac, 39. 
Pearse, Jonathan, 186. 
Peary, Eli-ha, i 56. 
Pease, Abner, 170. 
Pease, Hezekiah, 170. 
Peck, Lieut. Jathleal, 39. 
Peck, Jeremiah, 37. 
Peck, Samuel, 35, i57- ' 
Peck, Thomas, 176. 
Penoyar, William, 222. 
Perego, William, 39. 
Perigo, Robert, 41. 
Perkins, Daniel, 40, 41. 
Perkins, William, 153. 
Perot, John, 37. 
Perry, Ephraim, 169. 
Perry, Obadiah, 169. 
Perry, Robert, i6g. 
Pettigrew, Alexander, 158. 
Pettingatt, Solomon, 171. 
Pevy, John, 42. 
Phelps, Alexander, 160. 
Phelps, Asariah, 160. 
Phelps, Shadrick, 150. 
Phelps, William, 160, 163. 
Philipse, Benjamin, 164. 
Philipse, Elisha, 173. 
Philipse, James, 171. 
Phillips, James, 38. 
Phillipse, Ebenezer, 173. 
Philops, Abiel, 37. 
Philops, Isaac, 37. 
Pidge, Jonathan, 153. 
Pierce, Daniel, 39. 
Pierce, Levi, 157. 
Pierce, Capt. Thomas, 184 
Pike, David, 150. 
Pike, Eliah, 163. 
Pillock, Samuel, 1S7. 



INDEX OK SOLDIERS. 



417 



Pinney, Aaron, 161. 
Pinney, Jos'ah, 160. 
Pitkin, Ens. James, 161. 
Piatt, Isaac, 35. 
Plant, James, 189. 
Plant, Timothy, 182. 
Pogonak, Daniel, 39. 
Poley, William, 183. 
Pollard, Joseph, 167. 
Pollerd, Jeremiah, 163. 
Pollerd, William, 162. 
Pomeroy, Samuel, 152. 
Pomroy, Benjamin, Jr., 40. 
Pond, Charles, 177. 
Ponsons, Charles, 170. 
Pope, Elnathan, 172. 
Pope, Ichabod, 34. 
Porter, Isaiah, 170. 
Porridge, Annanias, 38. 
Portman, Ritchard, 36. 
Potter, Joel, 35, 182. 
Powers, Jonas, 155. 
Pratt, Stephen, 158, 222. 
Prentes, Ens. Samuel, 40. 
Preston, Aaron, 163. 
Preston, Isaac, 169. 
Preston, Joseph, 157. 
Preston, Joshua, 185. 
Prevoss, Samuel, 188. 
Pride, Assa, 163. 
Pride, Esra, 171. 
Pride, Paul, 41. 
Pride, Peter, 41. 
Priest, Darius, 171. 
Priest, Squire, 171. 
Prindle, Abijah, 176. 
Prindle, Eliadah, 155. 
Prindle, James, 155. 
Prindle, Nathan, 179. 
Prindle, Samuel, 187. 
Pritchard, Abraham, 179. 
Pritchard, Gains, 179. 
Pritchard, Jonathan, 156. 
Prout, John, 156. 
Pulford, Abijah, 37, 178. 
27 



Pumham, Joseph, 152. 
Punderson, Charles, 33. 
Putnam, Lieut. Col. Israel, 38. 

QuorcHUKs, Jacob, 172. 

Raiment, Mathew, 150. 
Ralph, Nathaniel, 170. 
Ramsay, Ens. David, 176. 
Randle, Jos., 164. 
Randle, Lemuel, iSS. 
Randle, William, 167. 
Ranney, Stephen, 153. 
Ransom, Isaac, 164. 
Ransome, Isaac, 42. 
Rapenaer, John, 161. 
Rathbon, William, 42. 
Ray, Daniel, 157. 
Ray, Elisha, 184. 
Raymond, Daniel, 158. 
Raymond, Uriah, 188. 
Readfield, Ebenezer, 155. 
Redfield, James, 36. 
Redington, Daniel, 38. 
Reed, Aaron, 40. 
Reed, Enoch, 42. 
Reed, Jeremiah, 42. 
Reed, Jonathan, 37. 
Reeves, Benjamin, 186. 
Reiley, Josiah, 161. 
Reminton, Stephen, 37. 
Rexford, Benjamin, 189. 
Reynolds, Daniel, 37. 
Reynolds, Elj, 180. 
Reynolds, John, 187. 
Reynolds, Jonathan, 181. 
Ribly, Jacob, 152. 
Rice, John, 161. 
Rice, Thomas, 153, 162. 
Rich, Solomon, 42. 
Richards, Charles, 158. 
Richards, James, 153. 
Richards, John, 185. 
Richards, Stephen, 151. 
Richardson, John, 38. 



4i! 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Richardson, Joseph, 183. 
Richardson, Ens. Stephen, 169. 
Richmond, Philip, 172. 
Rider, Benjamin, 166. 
Rider, Daniel, 166. 
Ridge, Solomon, 167. 
Ringlead, Andrew, 180. 
Ripley, John, 38, 171. 
Rising, Amos, 152. 
Risley, Benjamin, 150. 
Rislev, George, 161. 
Ro, Aaron, 169. 
Roach, William, 183. 
Robens, Jehel, 3S. 
Roberts, Abiel, 180. 
Roberts, Ebenezer, 176. 
Roberts, Ezekiel, 161. 
Roberts, Nathan, 1S3. 
Robertson, Sergt. Elijah, 38. 
Robeson, Isaac, 172. 
Robinson, Abner, 38. 
Robinson, Jehu, 182. 
Robinson, John, 42, 165. 
Robinson, Samuel, 34. 
Rochford, Jabez, 176. 
Rockwell, Ebenezer, 37. 
Rockwell, John, 185. 
Rockwell, Joseph, 188. 
Roeminer, Lieut. William, 151. 
Rogers, Ezekiel, 41. 
Rogers, Gustus, 151. 
Rogers, Jeff, 35. 
Rood, Abijah, 33. 
Rooker, Joseph, 170. 
Root, James, 1S7. 
Root, Thomas, 34. 
Rose, William, 178. 
Rosh, James, 163. 
Ross, John, 160, 169. 
Ross, William, 160. 
Rostbone, William, 163. 
Rothbun, Isaiah, 166. 
Roundy, Robert, 38. 
Rouse, Joseph, 42. 
Rowley, Daniel, 179. 



Rowley, Ephraim, 183. 
Rowley, Israel, 41. 
Royce, Benajah, 166. 
Royce, Clerk, 187. 
Royce, John, 15S. 
Royce, Joseph, 40. 
Royce, Josiah, 187. 
Royce, Moses, 166. 
Rudd, J., 151. 
Rudd, Joseph, 163. 
Rude, Jacob, 167. 
Rude, Robert, 172. 
Ruggles, Abijah, 35. 
Ruggles, Timothy, 181. 
Rundell, Samuel, 37, 
Rundle, Joshua, 180. 
Runsey, Daniel, 35. 
Russell, David, 172. 
Russell, John, 169. 
Russell, Nicholas, 35. 
Russell, William, 158. 
Rust, Nathaniel, 42. 

Sabbins, William, 163. 
St. John, Isaac, 36. 
Sampson, Samuel, 37. 
Samson, Ephraim, 153. 
Sancrow, James, 151. 
Sanderson, William, 175. 
Sandford, Oliver, 155. 
Sandford, Stephen, 177. 
Sandford, Thomas, 182. 
Sandford, William, 182. 
Sanford, Nathaniel, 33. 
Satterle, Lieut Bennadick, 42. 
Sanson, Nathaniel, 222. 
Savage, Abiah, 165. 
Savage, Daniel, 165. 
Savage, Samuel Stow, 165. 
Sawson, Abiah, 166. 
Saxton, Ebenezer, 175. 
Scarritt, James, 177. 
Schofield, David, 36. 
Schofield, Hezekiah, 3O. 
Schofield, Peter, 37. 



INDEX OF SOLDIERS. 



419 



Schofield, Reuben, 36. 
Scofield, Joseph, 222. 
Scoffield, Peter, 188. 
Scovel, Joseph, 184. 
Scovel, Stephen, 175. 
Scripture, Eleasar, 166. 
Scrivener, Seth, 188. 
Seaton, John, 173. 
Seaton, Joshua, 168. 
Seaton, Samuel, 39, 172. 
Seeker, Peter, 176. 
Seeley, Justus, 178. 
Seely, Abner, 186. 
Selden, Thomas, 151. 
Serantum, Stephen, 164. 
Sesson, Oliver, 40. 
Seton, Samuel, 41. 
Sexton, Jehiel, 155. 
Seymour, Joseph, 156. 
Sharp, Elijah, 39. 
Sharp, Uriah, 33. 
Sharpe, John, 176. 
Shaw, Ebenezer, 38. 
Shaw, Minor, 167. 
Shaw, William, 153. 
Shelden, James, 221. 
Shelly, Lemuel, 167. 
Shepard, Benjamin, 172. 
Sherman, Benson, 176. 
Sherman, David, 35. 
Sherwin, Charles, 162. 
Sherwin, Joshua, 150. 
Sherwood, Nehemiah, 181. 
Sherwood, Samuel, 36. 
Shone, Simeon, 167. 
Shuter, Naphtali, 185. 
Sickles, Samuel, 169. 
Silkrig, Nathaniel, 175. 
Sill, Ens. Fithin, 41. 
Simmonds, Ely, 170. 
Simmons, John, 39. 
Simons, James, 163. 
Simster, John, 161. 
Sina, Joseph, 42. 
Skinner, John, 187. 



Skinner, Thomas, 156. 

Slade, Ebenezer, 171. 

Slade, John, 161. 

Slawson, Deliverance, 36. 

Slawson, Jacob, 37. 

Sloan, David, 37. 

Sloane, Alexander, 188. 

Sloson, Ebenezer, 156. 

Small, Lieut. John, 34. 

Smedley, Lieut. Col. James, 155. 

Smith, Benjamin, 182, 1S4. 

Smith, David, 164, 173. 

Smith, Dow, 155. 

Smith, Ebenezer, 36, 188. 

Smith, Elisha, 187. 

Smith, Israel, 36. 

Smith, Jesse, 36, 15S. 

Smith, John, 169, 181, 182. 

Smith, Ens. John, 172. 

Smith, Jordan, 175. 

Smith, Joshua, 152. 

Smith, Josiah, 164. 

Smith, Lieut. Josiah, 168. 

Smith, Nathaniel, 41, 179. 

Smith, Obiah, 169. 

Smith, Richard, 163, 173. 

Smith, Samuel, 172. 

Smith, Thomas, 180. 

Smith, William, 34. 

SmoUey, David, 172. 

Snell, William, 162. 

Snow, John, 39, 151. 

Snow, Moses, 40. 

Snow, Samuel, 38, 40, 166. 

Spalding, Ezekiel, 173. 

Spalding, Capt. John, 172. 

Spaulding, Abel, 39. 

Spauldmg, Ens. John, 38. 

Spaulding, Jonathan, 39. 

Spaulding, Timothy, 40. 

Spencer, Gideon, 169. 

Spencer, Hezekiah, 151. 

Spencer, Jonathan, 157. 

Spencer, Timothy, 1S4. 

Spencer, Zach., 170. 



420 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Spier, Samuel, i8o. 
Spolden, Stephen, 185. 
Sporge, Pelez, 150. 
Spragge, Ebenezer, 166. 
Spragge, James, 16S. 
Spragge, Jonathan, 166. 
Squire, Abither, 178. 
Squire, Daniel, 152. 
Squire, John, 176. 
Squire, Solomon, 158. 
Squnlup, Benjamin, 39. 
Stairs, Cornelius, 152. 
Standish, Israel, 40. 
Standley, John, 183. 
Standley, Marshall, 161. 
Stanton, John, 167. 
Stanton, Capt. John, 151. 
Stanton, Joseph, ifig. 
Stanton, Peter, 169. 
Staples, John, 162. 
Staples, Jos., 162. 
Stark, James, 166. 
Starkweather, Jabez, 39, 42. 
Starling, Stephen, 42. 
Starr, Caleb, 176. 
Starr, Lieut. William, 164. 
Start, Stephen, 185. 
Start, Timothy, 152. 
Stebbins, Ens. Joseph, iSo. 
Stebbins, Lieut. Josiah, 36. 
Stedman, John, 751. 
Steel, Aaron, 170. 
Stephens, Ens., 33. 
Stephens, Cyprian, 42. 
Stephens, Nathaniel, 37. 
Stevens, Ep., 162. 
Stevens, Jesse, 157. 
Stevens, Robert, if 5. 
Stevens, William, 39. 
Stewart, Lieut. Charles, 1S8. 
Stewart, Ens. James, 178. 
Stewart, Joshua, 37. 
Still, Elisha, 161. 
Still, William, 162. 
Stillson, Daniel, 158. 



Stillson, Elijah, 155. 
Stockwell, Samuel, 39. 
Stodard, Benjamin, 39. 
Stodard, David, 39. 
Stodard, Jonathan, 39. 
Stoel, David, 39. 
Stone, John, 222. 
Stone, William, 173. 
Storking, Zebulon, 165. 
Story, Eliah, 1G3. 
Story, lush., 171. 
Story, Thomas, 163. 
Stow, Abraham, 177. 
Stow, Simon, 150. 
Stow, Timothy, 177. 
Stowit, Daniel, 172. 
Stratton, David, 178. 
Strickland, Samuel, iSo. 
Strong, Adoniah, 185. 
Strong, Lieut. John, 151. 
Stuard, Charles, 221. 
Stuart, Phineas, isr. 
Studwell, Abraham, 181. 
Sturdefunk, Perez, 15S. 
Sturges, Nathan, 36. 
Summers, Lieut. Benjamin, 176. 
Summers, Mark, 37. 
Sunsiman, Jonas, 171. 
Surtis, John, 168. 
Susis, Jacob, 162. 
Swaddle, Jesse, 168. 
Swaine, Walter, 176. 
Swan, Thomas, 18S. 



Talmor 

Tamlins 

Tanner, 

Tanner, 

Tanner, 

Tatson, 

Tat son, 

Tayler, 

Taylor, 

Taylor, 

Taylor, 



SE, Joseph, 175. 
;, Stephen, 177. 

Amos, 39. 

Ebenezer, 39. 

Thomas, 1S6. 

John. 41. 
Thomas, 42. 
Stephen, 166. 
Elijah, 37. 
John, 170. 
Joseph, 183. 



INDEX OF SOLDIERS. 



421 



Taylor, Ens. Levi, 37. 
Taylor, Lieut. Levi, 18S. 
Terril, Asahel, 33. 
Terry, Thomas, 170. 
Tetson, William, 164. 
Thayes, Meplub., 173. 
Thomas, Abraham, 167. 
Thomas, Ebenezer, 166. 
Thomas, Enoch, 176. 
Thomas, James, 182. 
Thomas, John, 35, 180, 222. 
Thomas, Samuel, 1S5. 
Thomas, Timothy, 1S2. 
Thomlison, Eli, 35. 
Thompson, Eliphelet, 35. 
Thomson, David, 40. 
Thomson, Lieut. Isaac, 163. 
Thomson, Capt. Jabez, 179. 
Thomson, John, 182. 
Thomson, William, 40, 152, i(>4. 
Thomson, Ens. William, 165. 
Thorne, Isaac, 167. 
Thornton, Thomas, 173. 
Thorp, Hezekiah, 155. 
Thorp, Rael, 35. 
Thorp, Ens. Stephen, 35. 
Thorp, William, 35. 
Thorpe, Daniel, 181. 
Thorpe, Livius, 180. 
Thorpe, William, 176. 
Thrall, Benjamin, 170. 
Tibbels, Nathan, 155. 
Tiffiney, Luther, 41. 
Tinker, Elihu, 38. 
Tinker, Nehemiah, 40. 
Tinney, Aaron, 150. 
Toby, Simon, 39. 
Todd, Charles, 175. 
Todd, Gideon, 180. 
Tolas, Amos, 33. 
Tolls, Eliah, 186. 
Tolys, David, 167. 
Tolys, John, 168. 
Torey, James, 38. 
Towner, Jehiel, 187. 



Towser, Eliakim, 163. 
Toyce, John, 181. 
Tracey, Daniel, if)2. 
Tracey, Eliah, 172. 
Tracey, Perez, 153. 
Tracey, Thomas, iS6. 
Tracy, Benajah, 39. 
Tradewell, Joseph, 178. 
Tread way, David, 166. 
Tredwell, Jacob, 35. 
Trickner, Daniel, 1S5. 
Truscott, Savage, 165. 
Truydill, Jonathan, 153. 
Tryon, Samuel, 36, iSS. 
Tubbs, Jos., 166. 
Tubbs, Nathan, 1S6. 
Tubs, Abisha, 41. 
Tubs, Abner, 42. 
Tucker, Benjamin, 150. 
Tucker, David, 39. 
Tucker, Zepheniah, 35. 
Turner, Ephraim, 184. 
Tuttle, Abraham, 35. 
Tuttle, James, 35. 
Tuttle, John, 1S3, 222. 
Tuttle, Joseph, 1S3. 
Tuttle, Reuben, 176. 
Tuttle, Timothy, 155. 
Tuttle, William, 180. 
Tuttle, Zabez, 179. 
Tyler, Lieut. Abraham, 1S4. 
Tyler, Ezra, 157. 
Tyler, Samuel, 35. 
Tyler, William, 180. 

Uncas, Noah, 39. 

Uneas, (Uncas) Samuel, 163. 

Underwood, Isaac, 172. 

Vansek, Abraham, 186. 
Vining, Abijah, 165. 
Voyce, Adam, 179. 

Wade, Elisha, 41. 
Wade, Joel, 188. 



422 



FITCH PAPERS. 



Wakeley, David, 178. 
Wakely, Assa, 177. 
Wakeman, Daniel, 37. 
Walker, Elisha, 187. 
Walker, Lieut. Josiah, 35. 
Walker, Obadiah, 40. 
Wallops, Tom, 35. 
Wallrouse, Samuel, 183. 
Wandsworth, Samuel, 1S3. 
Ward, Abijah, 39. 
Warden, Silvester, 151. 
Warner, Abraham, 152. 
Warner, Joseph, 35. 
Warner, Moses, 161. 
Warner, Samuel, 170. 
Warner, Thomas, 184. 
Warner, William, 170. 
Warren, Enoch, 158. 
Warters, William, 151. 
Washbond, Stephen, 33. 
Waterbury, Maj. David, 36. 
Waterbury, Phineas, 36, 188. 
Waterbury, Samuel, 188. 
Waterman, Daniel, 157. 
Waterman, Ens. Ezekiel, 40. 
Waterman, John, 40, 41. 
Watkins, Henry, 170. 
Watkins, Phineas, 173. 
Webb, Eliph., 172. 
Webb, Jonathan, 188. 
Webb, Joseph, 188. 
Webb, Samuel, 157, 180. 
Webber, Chris., i68. 
Webber, Richard, 34. 
Webster, Levi, 167. 
Wedge, Daniel, 167. 
Wedge, Thomas, 167. 
Weeb, Jonathan, 36. 
Weed, Ebenezer, 36. 
Weed, Elijah, 222. 
Weed, Enos, 36. 
Weed, Guilbod, 36. 
Weed, James, 222. 
Weed, Nathaniel, 36. 
Weed, Silas, 222. 



Weed, Youngs, 36. 
Welch, Ebenezer, 162. 
Welch, Hopslell, 38. 
Welch, Hospital, 163. 
Welch, Ens. Jos., 162. 
Welch, Lieut. Partrick, 38. 
Weld, Abel, 180. 
Wells, Lieut. Eliphat, 182. 
Wells, John, 39, 162. 
Wells, Lieut. Jonas, 152. 
Wells, Joshua, 167. 
Wells, Thomas, 41. 
Welsh, John, 42. 
Welton, Elisha, 156. 
Welton, Ezekiel, 175. 
Welton, Ens. Oliver, 179. 
Welton, Stephen, 180. 
Welton, Thomas, 35. 
Wenn, Theophilus, 187. 
Wentworth, Ebenezer, 152. 
Wey, Ralph, 162. 
Wheadon, Jared, 177. 
Wheadon. Jehoida, 175. 
Wheeler, David, 178. 
Wheeler, Isaac, 39. 
Wheeler, Job, 185. 
Wheeler, Nathaniel, 171. 
Whelar, David, 36. 
Whiple, Jos., 170. 
Whipple, Nathan, 152. 
White, Ezekiel, 170. 
White, Mathew, 165. 
White, Reuben, 155. 
White, William, 40. 167. 
Whithead, Jehiel, 177. 
Whiting, Col. Nathan, 174. 
Whiting, Capt. Samuel, 36, 178. 
Whitley, Isaac, 41. 
Whitney, Aaron, 169. 
Whitney, Assa, 187. 
Whittaker, Samuel, 186. 
Whittle, Isaac, 168. 
Whittles, Isaac, 40. 
Wickv^^ire, Ezekiel, 34, 183. 
Wilcox, Ebenezer, 182. 



INDEX OF SOLDIERS. 



423 



Wilcox, Edward, 179. 
Wilcox, John, 182. 
Wilcox, Roger, 157. 
Wilcox, Samuel, 151. 
Wilder, Aaron, 153. 
Wilkinson, David, 186. 
Wilkinson, John, 172. 
Wilkinson, Jonathan, 172. 
Wilkinson, Lewis, 186. 
Willey, Thomas, 153. 
Williams, Benjamin, 175. 
Williams, Daniel, 180. 
Williams, David, 40, 186. 
Williams, Hezekiah, 155. 
Williams, Isaac, 163, 1S4. 
Williams, James, 163. 
Williams, John, 40, 150. 

Williams, Joseph, 177. 

Williams, Samuel, 173. 

Williams, Thomas, 161. 

Williams, Thomas, Jr., 161 

Willson, Jonathan, 172. 

Willson, Joseph, 151. 

Willson, Thomas, 153. 

Willson, William, 153. 

Winter, Obadiah, 155. 

Winters, Obadiah, 175. 

Wise, Joseph, 182. 

Wise, Stephen, 153. 

Wockkett, John, 41. 

Wolfe, Mathew, 170. 

Wood, David, 153. 

Wood, Eber, 176. 

Wood, Joseph, 186. 



Wood, Philemon, 38. 
Wood, Thomas, 152, 177. 
Wood, William, 164. 
Woodams, Ichabod, 162. 
Woodcot, Eliah, iSo. 
■^Voodruff, Josiah, 152. 
Woodward, Eliah, 169. 
Wood worth, David, 186. 
Woodworth, Jedediah, 34. 
Wood worth, Obadiah, 169. 
Woolcot, Joseph, 156. 
Wooster, Ens. Edward, 34. 
Wooster, Col. David, 34. 
Wooster, Henry, 176. 
Workings, Samuel, 169. 
Worshburn, David, 153. 
Wottle, William, 37. 
Wright, Abel, 34. 
Wright, James, 36, 181. 
Wright. Jonathan, 33. 
Wright, Miles, 178. 
Wynnes, Samson, 162. 

Yale, Miles, 222. 
Yale, Nathaniel, 156. 
Yale, Street, 222. 
Yarrington, Roger, 179. 
Yemmons, John, 150. 
Younge, Jos., 170. 
Youngman, Cornelius, 153. 
Yurrington, William, 38. 

Zachery, John, 42. 
Zachre, John, 3q. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Abercrombie, Maj. Gen. James, mentioned, 9, 133, 137. 

Account of bills exchange drawn on colony's agent, 353. 

Acklom, Jonathan, letter written by, 64. 

Acts of Parliament, expected for indemnity of penalties under stamp 
act, 397; mentioned — for protecting the king's woods, 70, "Mo- 
lasses act", 284, relating to bills of credit, 299, stamp act, 284; 
proposed and discussed — for quartering soldiers in America, 343, 
relating to America, 335; received — for bounty on hemp, 282, 
for duty on beaver skins, 282, for encouragement of whale fish- 
ery, 283, for improvement of revenue of customs, 247, for pre- 
venting frauds in postage, 282, for repealing stamp act, 397, for 
securing dependency of colonies, 397, relating to fort of Senegal, 
282, to prevent bills of credit being declared legal tender, 282; see 
Parliament. 

Adams, Pygan, letter written by, 309; letter written to, 294; mentioned, 
216. 

Admiralty office, letter written from, 119; see Lords of the admiralty. 

Vice admiralty. 
.Africa, mentioned, 268, 269, 270, 283, 331. 

Agent for Connecticut, appointment of, 82. 

Alabama river, settlers near ordered to remove, 233, 238. 

Albany, letters dated at, 19. 22, 25, 65, 68, 73; mentioned, 5, 6, 9, 11, 19, 
48, 52, 53, 58, 61, 62, 63, 67, 96, 98, 113, 117, 129, 130, 131, 259. 

"Albany" sloop, mentioned, 54. 

" Alcide" ship, letter dated from on board, 137. 

Aldfen, Mr., mentioned, 131. 

Alexander, James, appointed judge of Court of vice admiralty, 72. 

Allen, Edward, document .'signed by, 92. 

Allen, Maj. Edward, mentioned, 217. 

Amherst, Maj. Gen. Sir Jeffrey, directed to examine and adjust col- 
ony's demand, 138; directions by, 206; document written by, 206; 
letters written by, 5, 7, 9, 12, 18, 19, 22, 30, 42, 47, 50, 52, 58, 61, 62, 
64, 65, 67, 73, 78, 79, 91, 99, 104, 109, 112, 119, 126, 130, 146, 148, 198, 
199, 200, 202, 207, 209, 229, 231, 237, 241, 245 ; letters written by men- 
tioned, 199, 256; letter written by quoted, 208; letters written to, 
I, 5, 6, 10, 16, 17, 20, 45, 57, 63, 66, 74, 89, 103, 107, 117, 128, 136, 
146, 206, 223, 243; letters written to mentioned, 224, 233, 237; 
memorial addressed to, 29; mentioned, 17, 33, 51, 149, 154, 159, 
174, 190, 201, 206, 257, 259, 274, 276. 



426 FITCH PAPERS. 

Amyand, Claudius, letter written by, 99. 

Anderson, John, petition by mentioned, 327, 330. 

Antigua, mentioned, 229, 272. 

Antrobus, Charles, letter written by, 392. 

Apthurpe, Charles, money shipped from England to, 140. 

Armorers, providing of discussed, 17, 18. 

Arms, men encouraged to use their own, 5; payment to be made for 

lost in service, 53, 102; to be collected and put in condition, 5, 49, 

53, 102, 193, 199; to be sent from England, 49. 
Ashford, mentioned, 152, 162, 16S, 169, 171, 173. 
Assistants, list of, 215. 
Avery, Christopher, mentioned, 216. 
Avery, Col. Christopher, mentioned, 217. 
Avery (Evory), Lieut. John, to recruit for service with regular troops, 

207. 

Backus, Ebenezer, document signed by, 364. 

Bacon, Edward, letters written by, 113, 233, 234, 236, 238, 253, 255, 281. 

Baldwin, Maj. David, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 221 ; roll of 

company of, 177. 
Bank of England, business methods of, 139. 
Barbadoes, mentioned, 272. 
Barr, see Burr. 

Barre, Col. Isaac, opposes stamp duties, 316, 320, 321, 322, 323. 
Bassinghall, mentioned, 83. 
Bartram, Job, memorial signed by, 347. 
Beach, Abel, petition signed by, 345. 
Beach, Abijah. petition signed by, 345. 
Beard, James, document signed by, 92. 
Beaver skins, act relating to duty on received, 283. 
Beckford, Mr., opposes stamp duties, 316, 321, 334. 
Bedford, Duke of, mentioned, 222. 

Beers, Nathan, document signed by, 92; petition signed by, 345. 
Beers and Tomlinson, petition signed by, 345. 
Bernard, Gov. Francis, letters written by, 331, 348, 384; letter written 

to, 349- 
Bettesworth, John, mentioned, 329. 
Bills of credit, act to prevent their being declared legal tender received, 

283; amount and purposes of issues of discussed, 298, 300; issue 

of mentioned or voted, 15, 24, in; issued, 60; list of issued ordered 

prepared, 282. 
Bills of exchange, account of drawn on colony's agent, 353. 
Bilboa, mentioned, 265. 
Bird, Samuel, document signed by, 92. 
Birdsey, Nathan, document signed by, 92. 



GENERAL INDEX. 427 

Bishag, Jean, mentioned, 286. 

Bishop, Mr., mentioned, 72. 

Bissell, Hezekiah, document signed bj', 364, 

Blair, W., order signed by, 237. 

Blake, Daniel, commission carried by destroyed, 122; complaint by 

about treatment received, 122 ; his trouble as deputy surveyor of 

the king's woods described, 69; mentioned, 71, 123; sworn into 

office, 124. 
Bolton, mentioned, 150, 160. 
Bonora, Nicolas, mentioned, 287. 

Boquet, Col. Henry, has overcome and made peace with Indians, 308. 
"Boscowen" ship, mentioned, 340. 
Boston, documents dated at, 262, 273; letters dated at, 2, 5, 261, 284, 331, 

348, 384; mentioned, 2, 3, 4, 5, 66, 140, 143, 212, 266, 267, 26S, 269, 

314, 321, 329, 335, 340, 377. 385, 386. 
Boston commissioners, mentioned, 314, 315. 
Boston merchants, letter written by, 261. 
Bostwick, Bushnal, mentioned, 216. 
Boundary line controversy with Massachusetts, mentioned, 56, 57, 137, 

211, 238, 243. 
Boundary line controversy between Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 

mentioned, 243. 
Bouquinville, Col., mentioned, 80. 
Bowdoin, William, mentioned, 328, 329. 
Bradley, Mr., mentioned, 71, 72. 
Bradley, Richard, appointed king's advocate, 72. 
Bradley, Samuel, Jr., memorial signed by, 347; mentioned, 347. 
Bradstreet, Col., mentioned, 63. 
Brainard, Capt., mentioned, 229. 
Branford, mentioned, 174, 175, 176, 182, 187. 
Brimfield, mentioned, 166. 
British, mentioned, 277, 278. 279, 284, 285. 
Brooks, David, petition signed by, 345. 
Brooks, John, petition signed by, 345. 
Broqueri, Mons. de la, captured, 78. 
Brown, Nicholas, letter written by, 290. 

Browne, Mr., mentioned, 375; see Hinton, Browne and Son. 
Browne, Capt., Henry, mentioned, 149, 154, 158, 159. i73. i74. 189. 
Buckingham, Daniel, document signed by, 92. 
Buenavides, Salvadoe, mentioned, 286. 
Bulkeley, Jonathan, memorial signed by, 347. 
Bull, Caleb, document signed by, 364. 
Bullion, sent in trade to French settlements, 77. 

Burr, (Barr), Judge Andrew, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 216. 
Burr, William, petition signed by, 345. 



428 FITCH PAPERS. 

Bush, David, mentioned, 327. 

Bush, Justus, mentioned, 327. 

Bush, William, mentioned, 327. 

Bushnell, Benajah, document signed by, 364. 

Bushnell, Jonathan, Jr., document signed by, 364. 

Butler, Capt. Zebulon, roll of company of, 42, 163. 

Byles, Mather, letter written to, 197. 

Byles, Mather, Jr.. letter written by, 197. 

Byles, Rebecca (Becca), mentioned, 197, 198. 

Bryon (Biron), Lord, trial of mentioned, 343. 

Cadiz, mentioned, 265, 

Canada, mentioned, 28, 32, 47, 48, 50, 52, 53, 59, 60, 87, 209, 214, 341, 
352; reduction of by capitulation described, Si. 

Cannon, LeGrand, petition signed by, 345. 

Canterbury, John, archbishop of, declaration by, 329. 

Canterbury, Thomas, archbishop of, letter written by, 84. 

Canterbury, mentioned, 150, 161, 162, 168, 171, 172. 

Canterbury, extract from records of prerogative court of, 329. 

Cape Breton, mentioned, 79, 81. 

Captain's islands, jurisdiction over discussed, 327, 330. 

Carew, Simon, document signed by, 364. 

Cargo, items of from Martinique to Connecticut, 229. 

Carrying place, letter written from camp at, 26. 

Carts, purchase of mentioned, 61, 62, 63. 

Casco bay, mentioned, 266. 

Chandler, John, petition signed by, 345. 

Chandler, Joshua, document signed by, 92. 

Chapman, George, petition signed by, 345. 

Chapman, Maj. Jedediah, mentioned, 217. 

Charles, Robert, mentioned, 335. 

Charlestown, mentioned, 335. 

Charlotte, Princess of Mecklenburg Strelitz and Queen of George III., 
king demands her in marriage, 134; married, 143; mentioned, 194, 
218; to be named in prayers, litanys and collects, 144. 

Chauncey, Elihu, document signed by, 92. 

Chauncy, Elihu, mentioned, 216. 

Chauncy, Lieut. Col. Elihu, mentioned, 217. 

Cheesebrough, Maj. Nathan, mentioned, 217. 

Chester, Col. John, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 215, 217. 

Chester, Jonathan, document signed by, 364. 

Chester, Eng., mentioned, 316, 320, 321. 

Chinn, Mr., mentioned, 87. 

Christophers, Christopher, mentioned, 216. 

Church, Silas, document signed by, 364. 



GENERAL INDEX. 429 

Clap, Rev. Thomas, document signed by, 92 ; letter written to men- 
tioned, 369. 

Clelland, Robert, letter written by, 313. 

Cleveland, John, letter written by, 119; letter written to, 127. 

Coit, Joseph, document signed by, 364. 

Coit, Nathaniel, document signed by, 3(14- 

Coit, Col. Samuel, mentioned, 217. 

Colchester, mentioned, 152, 153, 165, 166, 1G7, 182, 183. 

Colden, Gov. Cadwallader, appointed lieutenant governor of New York, 
142; government devolves upon 76; letters written by, 76, 142, 
201, 327, 357; letter written to, 330; mentioned, 100, 367, 3S0. 

Colden, David, letter written by, 367. 

Colfax, George, document signed by, 364 

Collector of customs for Connecticut, appointment of, 280; nomination 
for, 64. 

Colman, Mr., mentioned, 384. 

Colonies, rights of discussed, 291. 

Colville, Lord, mentioned, 363. 

Commanding officers of regiments, letter written to, 30; memorial 
written by, 29. 

Commissioners for trade and plantations, answer to heads of inquiry 
sent to, 211; colonial correspondence to be addressed to, 253; de- 
sire account of occurrences transmitted to them, 354; directed to 
prepare list of bills of credit issued, 281 ; information regarding 
colony to be sent to, 113; instruction regulating correspondence 
with, 235; letters written by, 32, S3, 113, 233, 234, 236, 238, 253. 
255, 281, 282, 354; letters written to, 59, 93, 210, 251, 258, 259, 298, 
378; letter written to mentioned, 300; memorandum written to, 
72 ; mentioned, 81, 82, 87, 95, 120, 127, 128, 136, 392 ; report by men- 
tioned, 237; representation of mentioned, 227; text of document 
laid before, 203 ; see Pownall, John. 

Commissioners of admiralty, instructions by mentioned, 24S ; letter 
written to, 120; mentioned, 119, 121, 128; see Cleveland, John. 

Commissioners of customs, authority from stated, 247; letters written 
by, 99, ■sSo, 400. 

Commissioners of treasury, direct that aid be given distributor of 
stamps, 356; mentioned, 127, 132, 136, 138, 140 

Committee of council for plantation affairs, letters written to, 233, 238; 

order by, 237; report of, 227; report of mentioned, 392. 
Conant, Col. Shubael, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 212, 216, 217. 
Connecticut, account of duties collected in, 360; address of to king, 88; 
address of to parliament, 307; address of to parliament sent to 
England, 305 ; advice as to behavior in consideration of repeal of 
stamp act, 397; amount of revenue of, 214; answer in detail to 
heads of enquii-y about, 211; appointment of agent for, 55; 



430 FITCH PAPERS. 

authority of governor of New York as commander of military- 
forces of discussed, 394; colony greatly in debt, 275; command- 
ing officers from named, 29, 30; commiss-ioner appointed by to 
warn settlers from Susquehannah, 25S; complaints against 
stated, 227; compensation for expenses to be asked for, 56; 
compensation promised for expenses of war, 24; controversy 
over money granted by England to America, 140; demand of 
for payment to be examined and adjusted, 138; demands pay 
for victualing certain troops, 131; detached militia troops of 
held ready for service, 133; directed to raise men for warfare 
against Indians, 257, 259, 260; disposed to exert herself in the 
war, 7; division of parliamentary grant discussed, 253, 254: 
drained of men by enlistments, 25 ; enlistment of troops from into 
regulars desired, 190, 199; expenses of campaign to be borne by, 
90, 193 ; extent of under charter, 203 ; government of described, 
214; governor of New York announces himself commander of 
military forces of, 386; heads of enquiry relating to, 114; implores 
royal favor and assistance, 25; imports into, 212; instructions to 
agent of, 56; letter dated at, 210; letter relating to settlement at 
Susquehannah from mentioned, 237; letters written by, 89, 210, 
366; letters written to, 4, 32, 47, 50, 76, 81, 82, 83, 84, 89. 113, 134, 

136. 143, 144, 145. 190, 19^ 195, 202, 222, 22r., 228, 234, 236, 247, 253, 

255, 256, 279, 281, 282, 289, 353, 354, 362, 391, 397: list and amount 
of duties collected in, 360; list of documents or instruments used 
in, 292, 296 ; list of exports from, 277; manufactures of, 212; may 

expect compensation for expenses, 101; map of described, 

360, desired, 288, promised, 354, sent to England, 370, 373; 
memorial in behalf of merchants and traders in, 275 ; military 
officers of, 217; military quota of, 394; mines in 213; money bor- 
rowed by mentioned, 140; money belonging to transferred to new 
agent, 57; money for received from England, 2; money for re- 
ceived by colony's agent, 3, 138, 301 ; money shipped to, 3 ; natural 
products of, 213; need of vice admiralty court in discussed, 120; 
New York desires to enlist troops in, 201 ; number of Indians in, 
214; number of militia in, 213; number of troops raised by, 117; 
oath to enforce " Molasses act " taken by governor, 303; officials 
of named, 215 ; petition of against proposed stamp act men- 
tioned, 317, 341, sent, 371; population of, 213; proclamation of pro- 
claiming George III. king, 92 ; raising and equipping troops a heavy 
burden on, 21 ; recommendation to be made by for compensation 
for expenses, 49, 193; recommended not to fix term of service of 
troops, 44; relies on receiving compensation for expenses, 61 ; re- 
quested to prepare for next campaign, 43 ; rights of under charter 
and royal approval, 394; royal instructions to, 86, 144, 218, 235, 240; 
salaries of officials of, 217; sends congratulatory address to king. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



431 



88; settlement at Delaware river by people from discussed, 97, 
224; settlement at vSusquehannah or Wyoming by people from dis- 
cussed, 96, 226, 227, 229, 231, 232, 233, 238, 244, 246, 250, 252, 258; 
settlers from at Susquehannah ordered to remove, 239, 240; ship- 
ping of, 212; to address correspondence to commissioners for 
trade and plantations, 253; to appoint commissioner to stop set- 
tlement at Susquehannah by people from, 249; trade of, 211, 277, 
379; treasurer of to receive money from England, 3; urged to 
prepare to carry on war, 52, 100, 199; value of exports from. 213; 
see Bills of credit. General Assembly, Susquehannah, Vice ad- 
miralty. 

Connecticut river, mentioned, 69, 70, 120, 211. 

Connecticut troops, additional encouragements to hasten inlistments, 
66; additional number ordered raised, 21; are fewer than was 
voted, 73; are marching, 129; commissary sent with, 21; desires 
of as to length of service, 107; directed to march as soon as possi- 
ble, 113, 117, 119; dissatisfaction with number voted, 109; en- 
couraged to enter service, 105 ; hastening completing levies of 
urged, 62, 63, 64; hastening marching of urged, 19, 20, 65; have 
been discharged, 46; information as to service of desired, i, 103; 
inlistment of into regular troops discussed, 199, 209; levies slow 
in filling, 62; marching of discus.sed, 18, 19, 22; mentioned, 17; 
method of completing quota of discussed, 68; money received 
from England for services of, 3 ; new levies of to be recommended, 
46; no determination to raise for service against Indians, 276; 
none unserviceable to be inlisted. 9; not to be raised by impress, 
66; number expected, promised, required, voted, raised, or in ser- 
vice. 10, 12, 14, 24, 43, 50, 52, 57, 58. 61, 74, 89, 100, 107, III, 146, 
147. 148, 191. 192, 199. 200, 209; number requisitioned for service 
against Indians, 274; ordered to march as soon as possible, 25, 67, 
221; pay for victualing demanded, 131; payment of after inlistment 
has expired discussed, 244, 245 ; raising of discussed, 23 ; request 
that they be dismissed from service early, 147; request that they 
continue in service during winter, 43, 136; rolls of, 33, 149, 154 
159. 174. 221; royal approval of services of, 42, 45; service of 
during winter desired, 130; some to travel by water, 59, 105, 
113; special provision for old, 10: statement of encouragements 
to desired, 6; supplies for mentioned, 9; terms of inlistment of, 
10; to be inlisted for winter service, 147; to be paid billeting 
money, 105, 113; to be retained in service after inlistment has ex- 
pired, 241; to be supplied with necessaries and comforts, 21, 23, 
108; urgent request that full number voted be sent, 73; urging of 
raising of, 5; voted to raise for warfare against Indians, 279; 
what part of expense of to be borne by crown, 48, loi ; see Con- 
necticut, Troops. 



432 FITCH PAPERS. 

Connecticut vessell, amount decreed to crew of stated, 328. 

Conway, Henry Seymour, directed to write to governors of colonies, 
392; directs that correspondence be addressed to him, 353; letters 
written by, 353, 354, 362, 391, 397; letters written to, 359, 370, 384; 
mentioned, 333. 

Cooper, Grey, letter written by, 400. 

Correspondence, to be addressed to Commissioners for trade and plan- 
tations, 235, 253. 

Council for plantation affairs, report of committee of, 227; report of 
mentioned, 239. 

Coventry, mentioned, 150, 151, 152, 153, 162, i6g, 170, 171, 183. 

Crary, Capt., men in company of, 42. 

Crown, see under Connecticut troops, Troops. 

Crown Point, documents dated at, 29, 221; fort being built at, 27 ; let- 
ters dated at, 30, 87, 134; letter from mentioned, 231; mentioned, 
26, 28, 29, 31, 133, 147, 148. 242: surrender of described, 26; trouble 
over command of troops at, 135 ; vessel being built at, 28. 

Cruger, John, mentioned, 366. 

Cuba, mentioned, 287. 

Curtis, Ephraim, petition signed by, 345. 

Curtiss, Stiles, document signed by, 92. 

Cushietunck, mentioned, 97, 98. 

Cushing, Thomas, letter written by, 284. 

Cushman, Capt., mentioned, 131. 

Customs, small amount of revenue collected in America, 255; surveyor 
general of for northern America appointed, 136. 

"Cygnet" frigate, mentioned, 393. 

Daggett, Napthali, document signed by, 92. 

Danbury, mentioned, 176, 177. 

Danish, mentioned, 278. 

Darling, T., document signed by, 92. 

Darling, Thomas, mentioned, 216. 

Dartmouth. Earl of, letter written by, 354; mentioned, 359. 

Davenport, Abraham, documents, signed by, 219, 274. 

Davis, Capt., mentioned, 367. 

"Defence" ship, mentioned, 329. 

DeLancey, Lieut. Gov. James, death of noted, 7(>. 

Delaware company, settlement by discussed, 126, 129. 

Delaware Indians, complaints by stated, 227; have made peace, 30S ; 
mentioned, 227, 240, 274, 276. 

Delaware river, mentioned, 98; settlements being made near by Con- 
necticut people, 97, 224. 

Denbigh, Earl of, letter written by, 84. 

Derby, mentioned, 156, 176, 179. 



GENERAL INDEX. 433 

Deserters, pardon for suggested, i6; proclamation for pardon of men- 
tioned, i8. 

Deshon, Richard, document signed by, 364. 

D'Estaing, Mons.. mentioned, 349. 

Dickinson, John, mentioned, 366. 

Doctors Commons, mentioned, 72. 

Documents used in Connecticut, list of, 292; list of requested, 289. 

Douglass, Nathaniel, document signed by, 364. 

Dudley, Gov. Joseph, judgment by mentioned, 310. 

Dudley, mentioned, 161. 

"Duke of Cumberland" brig, mentioned, 28. 

Dummer, Mr., mentioned, 198. 

Dunk, George Montagu, see Halifax, Earl of. 

Durell, Admiral, mentioned, 15. 

Durell, Capt., mentioned, 393. 

Durham, Conn., mentioned, 163, 177, 17S. 

Durham, England, mentioned, 316. 

Durham, bishopric of, mentioned, 320, 321. 

Durkee, Mr., mentioned, 27, 

Durkee, Maj. John, men in company of, 41 ; roll of company of, 162. 

Durkee, Capt. Robert, roll of company of, 16S. 

Dutch, mentioned, 204, 263, 268, 278. 

Duties, list and amount of collected in Connecticut, 360. 

Dyar, Elijah, document signed by, 364. 

Dyar, John, mentioned, 216. 

Dyer, Col. Eliphalet, letter forwarded by, 290; letter sent by mentioned, 
303; mentioned, 205, 216, 217, 230, 351; statement by about Sus- 
quehannah affairs, 203. 

Dyer, Col. John, mentioned, 217. 

Dyson, Jeremiah, letters written by, 281, 354. 

"Earl of Leicester" packet, mentioned, 50. 

East Greenwich, England, mentioned, 30. 

East Haddam, mentioned, 152, 166. 

East India, mentioned, 346. 

East Jersey, mentioned, 127. 

Eastern governments, mentioned, 277. 

Edgerton, Benjamin, document signed by, 364. 

Edwards, Mr., mentioned, 87. 

Edwards, Daniel, death of mentioned, 356; documents signed by, 92, 
292; mentioned, 216. 

Edwards, Pierpont, statement by about Susquehannah affairs, 205. 

Egremont, Earl of, appointed secretary of state, 145 ; correspondence to 
be addressed to, 196; letters written by, 145, 190, 191, 195, 210, 
222, 223, 224, 226, 228, 247; letters written by mentioned, 229, 



434 FITCH PAPERS. 

230, 233, 237, 244, 246; letters written to, 196, 200, 231, 249; men- 
tioned, 199, 227, 240. 

Elderkin, Maj. Jedediah, mentioned, 217. 

Eliot, Lieut. Col. Aaron, mentioned, 217; in command at Crown Point, 

135- 
Eliot (Elliot), Edward, letters written by, 238, 28 1. 
Elmer, Capt. Samuel, roll of company of, 185. 
Ely, Maj. Daniel, mentioned, 217. 
Enfield, mentioned, 152, 153, 162, 169, 170. 
England and English, mentioned, 3, 8, 49, 53, 56, 138, 141, 142, 203, 205, 

212, 220, 229, 243, 262, 267, 273, 274, 276, 277, 278, 279, 285, 286, 302, 

303, 314. 319. 335, 338. 344, 355, 385, 388. 
"Essex" sloop, mentioned, 28. 
Europe and European, mentioned, 264, 265, 268, 336, 344, 346. 

Fairchild, Robert, petition signed by, 345. 

Fairfield, memorial dated at, 347; memorial of merchants of, 347; men- 
tioned, 155, 176, 177, 178, 347. 

Fairfield County, officials of named, 216; petition of merchants of, 345. 

Falmouth, mentioned, 100, 375. 

Fanning, Thomas, document signed by, 364. 

Farmington, mentioned, 150, 152, 161, 162, 170, 17O, 180. 

Ferris. Capt. Reuben, roll of company of, 37. 

Finisterre, Cape, mentioned, 336. 

Fisheries of Massachusetts, statement of, 262. 

Fishery, see Whale Fishery. 

Fitch, Capt. Asel, roll of company of, 182. 

Fitch, Col. Eleazer, document signed by, 40; letters written to, 30, 130; 
mentioned, 216; men in company of, 40; memorial signed by, 29; 
return of men not mustered in regiment of, 40; roll of regiment, 
and company of, 38. 

Fitch, Hez, document signed by, 92. 

Fitch, Jabez, mentioned, 216. 

Fitch, Jonathan, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 216. 

Fitch, Samuel, mentioned, 216. 

Fitch, Gov. Thomas, account of bills of exchange drawn by, 353 ; address 
of to Parliament against Stamp act sent to England, 305, 307; 
affidavit by, 123; appointment by, 207; bill of, 219; certificate 
signed by, 123; commission to for drawing bills of exchange dis- 
cussed, 219; documents signed by, 55, 82, 92; extract of letter 
written by, 232; grant to for drawing bills of exchange, 219, 220; 
letters written by, i, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 13, 16, 17, ig, 20, 24, 45, 57, 
59, 60, 61, 63, 66, 74, 87, 93, 95, 103, 107, III, 117, 124, 128, 136, 146, 
196, 200, 206, 208, 210, 232, 243, 249, 251, 254, 259, 276, 279, 284, 290, 
294, 296, 298, 303, 307, 312, 330, 331, 354, 356, 359, 370, 378, 379, 381, 



GENERAL INDEX. 435 

387, 393, 396; letters written by mentioned, 72, 300; letters to, 2, 5, 
7, 9, 18, 19, 20, 22, 42, 47, 52, 58, 6r, 62, 64, 65, 68, 73, 76, 78, 79, 91, 
96, 99, 104, 106, 109, 112, 119, 126, 130, 137, 142, 146, 148, 189, 198, 
199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 206, 207, 208, 209, 224, 226, 229, 231, 237, 238, 
241, 245, 253, 258, 259, 260, 280, 284, 285, 287, 290, 300, 308, 309, 311, 
313, 316, 317, 327, 331, 332, 340, 342, 343, 348, 349, 352, 355, 356, 358, 
368, 373, 375, 377, 382, 383, 386, 388, 390, 392, 400; letters written 
to mentioned, 223, 231, 233, 237; mentioned, 5, 87, 207, 215, 220, 
279, 366; proclamations by, 11, 87, 92, 194. 

Fitch, Thomas, Jr., document signed by, 92. 

Fitzherbert, William, letter written by, 354. 

Fleet, at sea to attack French vessels, 28 ; see Vessel. 

Fletcher, Gov. Benjamin, mentioned, 394, 395. 

Florida, East and West, mentioned, 278. 

Fontainbleau, mentioned, 223. 

Fort Amherst, letter dated at, 28. 

Fort George, N. Y., letters dated at, 201, 357, 367, 386. 

Fort Levis, mentioned, 80. 

Fort Pitt, mentioned, 102, 308. 

Fort William Augustus, mentioned, 80. 

Fort William Henry, sending of troops to mentioned, 131, 138. 

Four Islands, mentioned, 28. 

Fowler, Col., mentioned, 28. 

Fowler, Lieut. Col. Joseph, mentioned, 217. 

France, mentioned, 8i, 85, 92, 195, 223, 226, 279, 341; see French, Ver- 
sailles. 

Franklin, Benjamin, mentioned, 203, 324. 

French, are dispossessed of certain lands, 29, 31 ; mentioned, 26, 28, 29, 
32, 48, 53, 60, 262, 263, 266, 272, 273, 278, 303, 349; see France. 

French and Indian war, commanding officer asks allowance for ex- 
penses, 231; compensation for expenses of requested, 15; discus- 
sion about provisions and marching expenses, 6, g, 132; inlist- 
ment for service in requested, 191 ; losses in described, 80; move- 
ments of army described, 78, So; number of troops required. 48; 
peace proclaimed, 228; payment of troops after time of inlist- 
ment discussed, 245 ; plans for carrying on described, discussed, 
orded, urged, 13, 47, 49, 50, 52, 57, 58, 60, 89, 100, 105, iii, 199; 
preliminary peace ratified and signed, 222, 223; reduction of 
Canada by capitulation described, 81; rolls of soldiers in, 33, 
149, 154, 159, 174, 221; to be retained after inlistment has ex- 
pired, 241, 244; treaty of peace signed and ratified, 226, 229. 

French army, defeat of mentioned, 32 ; thanksgiving day because of 
defeat of, 59. 

French fort, captured, 79. 

French Islands, illegal trade said to be carried on with, 77; mentioned, 
112, 143- 



436 FITCH PAPERS. 

French prisoners, desire to engage in service, loS; not to be inlisted, 

118; opposition to inlisting, no. 
French settlements in America, illegal trade sai'd to be carried on with, 

77; mentioned, 214. 
French troops, surrender of described, 81. 

French vessel, captures boat's crew, 29 ; in danger of being attacked, 28. 
French war, action of vessels of French and English, 28. 
Fuller, Mr., mentioned, 333; offers petition, 332; opposes stamp duties, 

316. 

Gage, Maj. Gen. Thomas, appointed to command forces in America, 
259; letters written by, 259, 260, 274, 308; letters written to, 276, 
312; mentioned, 363. 

Gale, Joseph, document signed by, 364. 

Gardiner, David, document signed by, 364. 

Gardiner, John, document signed by, 364. 

Gardiner, Samuel, Jr., document .signed by, 364. 

Gardner, V., document signed by, 221; letter written by, 220; men- 
tioned, 221. 

Garth, Mr., mentioned, 324; offers petition, 335. 

Gascoyne, Bamber, letters written by, 234, 236, 238, 281. 

"Gaspey" cutter, mentioned, 367. 

Gaudaloupe, mentioned, 229. 

General Assembly, approves of petition to be sent to England in op- 
position to Stamp act, 366; memorials addressed to, 275, 364; 
petition of Fairfield County merchants to, 345 ; petition of Fair- 
field merchants to, 347 ; reports of committees of, 274, 292 ; special 
session of called, 356. 

George, Prince of Wales, mentioned, 86, 92. 

George II., see King George II. 

George III., address to from Connecticut, 88; document signed by, 218; 
form for proclaiming, 85 ; instructions to Connecticut by, 86, 144, 
218, 240; proclamation proclaming him asking, 92; proclamation 
by, 228; see King George III. 

Georgia, -governor of mentioned, 233, 238; mentioned, 79, 81, 366. 

Germany, mentioned, 137. 

Gibson, Roger, document signed by, 364. 

Glastonbury, mentioned, 161, 162. 

Gold, see Bullion, Money. 

Gordon, Maj., mentioned, 42. 

Goshen, mentioned, 158, 187. 

Government by representation, discussed, 369. 

Gower, Earl of, letter written by, 84. 

Granada ("The Grenades"), mentioned, 229. 

Grant by England to American colonies, amount of stated, 137; contro- 
versy over shipment of, 140; division of discussed, 253, 254; re- 
ceived and invested or placed in bank, 138. 



GENERAL INDEX, 437 

Granville, Earl of, letter written by, 84. 

Granville, mentioned, 150. 

Graves, Rev. Matthew, mentioned, 314. 

Gray, Capt. James, mentioned, 221, 222. 

Gray, Thomas, letter written by, 284. 

Great Britain, great seal of mentioned, 113; letter to king of mentioned, 
310; mentioned, 15, 52, 55, 56, 57, 77, 85, 92, 115, 190, 195, 212, 263, 
265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 279, 283, 287, 291, 300, 313,329, 
330, 342, 344. 350, 351. 366, 368, 372, 385, 392, 397, 398. 

Green, Jos., letter written by, 261. 

Green, Thomas, document signed by, 364. 

Green, Timothy, mentioned, 87. 

Greenland, mentioned, 283. 

Greenwich, mentioned, 177, 180, 181. 

Gregg, John, mentioned, 327. 

Grenville, George, mentioned, 284, 317, 319, 321, 324, 325, 336. 

Grevillian party, mentioned, 3S9. 

Grey, Ebenezer, statement by about Susquehannah affairs, 205. 

Griswold, John, mentioned, 216. 

Griswold, Matthew, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 215. 

Groton, mentioned, 151, 167. 

Guilford, mentioned, 184. 

Guinea, coast of mentioned, 212. 

Haddam, mentioned, 184. 

Hait, Jonah, mentioned, 216. 

Hait, Capt. Joseph, roll of company of, 221 ; see Heit, Hoit. 

Haldimand, Col., mentioned, 81. 

Halifax, Earl of, letters written by, 32, 83, 84, 256, 285, 289; letters 
written by mentioned, 274, 276, 292; letters written to, 279, 286, 
294, 296; mentioned, 349, 360; resignation of mentioned, 353. 

Halifax, mentioned, 133, 242, 267, 335. 

Hall, Col. Benjamin, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 215, 216, 217. 

Hall, Maj. Elihu, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 217. 

Hall, Capt. Nathaniel, roll of company of, 34. 

Hamilton, Gov. James, letter written by, 96; letter written by men- 
tioned, 126: letters written to, 124, 249 ; letter written to mentioned, 
128; mentioned, 102, 226, 258; royal instruction sent to, 240. 

Hamilton, W. G., letters written by, 32, 83. 

Hamlen, Judge, Jabez, mentioned, 216. 

Hamlen, Lieut. Col. Jabez, mentioned. 217. 

Hamlin, J., document signed by, 92. 

Hanbury, John, see Tomlinson & Hanbury. 

Hancock, William, document signed by, 364. 

" Happy Return" ship, money shipped on, 2. 3. 

" Harriot " packet boat, mentioned, 229. 



438 FITCH PAPERS. 

Harrison, Mr., mentioned, 388. 

Harrison, Joseph, has resigned as collector of customs, 400; nominated 

as collector of customs, 64. 
Harrison, Peter, appointed collector of customs, 400. 
Hartford, letters dated at, 20, 66, 128; mentioned, 3, 4, 9, 12, 33, 58, 61, 

62, 63, 130, 150, 161, 162, 232, 243, 244, 251, 340, 347, 356. 
Hartford County, officials of named, 216. 
Harwich, mentioned, 143. 
Harwinton, mentioned, 162. 
Havanna, mentioned, 286. 
Heads of inquiry relating to Connecticut, answers to sent, 210, 211; 

schedule of, 114. 
Hebron, mentioned, 150, 183. 

Heit (Halt, Hoit), Capt. Joseph, roll of company of, 188; see Hoit. 
Hemp and flax, act for granting bounty upon importation of received, 

283. 
Hendrick, mentioned, 204. 

Heralds at arms, proclamation ordered published by, 195. 
Hierlihy, Capt. Timothy, roll of company of, 164. 
Hill, Thomas, mentioned, 216. 
Hillhouse, Mr., mentioned, 309, 310. 
Hillhouse, Rev. James, land purchased of Mohegan Indians by, 310; 

mentioned, 294. 
Hillhouse, James Abraham, mentioned, 294. 
Hillhouse, William, mentioned, 294. 
Hillsborough, Earl of, letters written by, 253, 255, 281. 
Hinman, Lieut. Adam, document signed by, 33. 
Hinman, Maj. Benjamin, mentioned, 217. 
Hinman, Elisha, document signed by, 364. 
Hinton, Brown and Son, agent places colony money with, 139; their 

account mentioned, 32S. 
Hitchcock, Capt. Amos, roll of company of, 181. 
Hobby, Capt. Thomas, roll of company of, 180. 
Hoit, Col. Jonathan, mentioned, 217. 
Hoit, Capt. Joseph, roll of company of, 221; see Heit. 
Holmes, Capt., men in company of, 41. 
Hooper, Edward, letters written by, 99, 280, 400. 
Hopkins, Stephen, letters written by, 238, 253, 290. 
Hopkins, Gov. Stephen, letters written to, 65, 243, 254; mentioned, 51, 

65; quotation from letter written by, 189. 
Horseneck, mentioned, 156. 
Horsey, Benjamin, document signed by, 364. 
Housatonic river, mentioned, 211. 
House of Commons, account of discussion of proposed Stamp act in, 

332; address to mentioned, 305; mentioned, 316; resolve of, 281; 

resolve of mentioned, 291, 298. 



GENERAL INDEX. 439 

Hubbard, Lieut. Col. John, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 216, 

217. 
Hubbard, John, Jr., document signed by, 92. 
Hubbard, Leverett, document signed by, 92. 
Hubbard, Russell, document signed by, 364. 
Hubbard, William, letters sent by, 197, 19&. 
Hughes, Mr., agitates opposition to Stamp act, 3S5. 
Hull, Joseph, death of mentioned, 280. 
Huntington, Andrew, document signed by, 364. 
Huntington, Hezekiah, document signed by, 92. 
Huntington, Judge Hezekiah, mentioned, 216. 
Huntington, Lieut. Col. Hezekiah, mentioned, 217. 
Huntington, Isaac, mentioned, 216. 
Huntington, Jedediah, document signed by, 364. 
Huntington, Samuel, document signed by, 364. 
Hurlbut, George B., document signed by, 364. 

Illicit trade, act passed by Parliament to prevent, 247; directed to be 
sought out and punished, 77; information relative to requested, 
290; mentioned, 295; no evidence of by Connecticut found, 112; 
receipt of orders for preventing acknowledged, 249; said to be 
carried on, 77, 142; to be guarded against, 255; with enemy re- 
ported, 200. 

Indians, attack by mentioned, 251; behaviour of mentioned, 126; com- 
plaints by stated, 227; conditions of peace with, 308; conditions 
for opening trade with, 309; devastations by mentioned, 259; on 
Ohio river have made peace, 308 ; hazard of a war with discussed, 
224; massacre by described, 258; men to be raised for warfare 
against, 259, 260; mentioned, 98, 129, 193, 204, 230, 234; number 
of in Connecticut, 214; peace with discussed, 312; proposed expe- 
dition against mentioned, 276; prospect of peace with, 280; terms 
of peace proposed by, 274, 276; troops to be raised and sent 
against, 274, 279; war with imminent, 257; see Delaware, Hen- 
drick, Iroquois, Mohawk, Mohegan, New Jersey, Oneida, Shaw- 
nee, Six Nations, Susquehannah, Uncas, Zachery. 

IngersoU, Jared, account of transactions of as agent, 137; arrival of in 
England mentioned, 312; document signed by, 275; his "Letters 
relating to the Stamp act" mentioned, 317, 332; instructions to, 
156; letters written by, 69, 120, 131, 137, 202, 317, 328, 332; letter 
written by mentioned, 120; letters written to, 61, 307, 357, 367; 
memorandum written by, 72; memorial by, 275; mentioned, 56, 
119, 205, 279, 284, 302, 304, 305, 306, 317, 323, 342, 368, 387, 396. 

Inner Temple, letters dated at, 300, 316, 340, 343, 368, 373, 375, 377, 383 
390; see Temple. 

Instruments used in Connecticut, list of, 292, 296. 

Invalids in Col. Phineas Lyman's regiment, roll of, 149. 



440 FITCH PAPERS. 

Invalids in Col. Nathan Whiting's regiment, roll of, 154. 

Ireland, mentioned, 85, 92. 

Iroquois Indians, land purchased from, 124; mentioned, 204, 319, 336, 

344. 
Isaacs, Isaac, document signed by, 92. 
Isle au Noix, mentioned, 81. 
Isle Royal, capture of described, 79. 

Jackson, Richard, account of with the colony discussed, 368, 373, 375, 
378, 382, 384, 387, 396; appointment of as agent, 55; discusses his 
service as the colony's agent, 300; instructions to, 56; letters 
written by, 279, 287, 290, 300, 311, 316, 340, 342, 343, 349, 358, 368, 
373. 375. 377. 382, 383, 390; letters written to, 284, 290, 303, 331, 
354, 366, 370, 387, 396; mentioned, 57, 308, 320, 321, 324, 328; offers 
petition, 333; papers delivered to, 141; salary of discussed, 279, 
284. 

Jacobson, Capt., mentioned, 340. 

Jamaica, letter dated at, 349, mentioned, 269, 272. 

Jenckes, Daniel, letter by, 290. 

Jenyns, Soame, letters written by, 32, 113, 233, 234, 236, 23S, 253, 255, 
281. 

Jewell, Thomas, document signed by, 364. 

Jewett, Mr., mentioned, 314, 315. 

Johnson, Gen. Sir. William, his expenses recounted, 189; letters written 
by, 189, 226; letter written by mentioned, 230; letter written 
to, 232; mentioned, 98, 204, 231, 234, 314; report by mentioned, 
227; to settle terms of peace with Indians, 308. 

Johnson, William Samuel, document signed by, 92. 

Kene, Capt., roll of company of, 40. 

Kennedy, Capt., mentioned, 368. 

Kennedy, mentioned, 162. 

Kent, mentioned, 178, 179, 187. 

Killingly, mentioned, 150, 153, 161. 162, 171, 172, 173. 

Killingvvorth, mentioned, 182. 

King Charles I., mentioned, 230. 

King Charles II., mentioned, 283. 

King George II., address of Connecticut to mentioned, 106; death of 
announced, 82, 83, 84, 85; death of mentioned, 92, 93; instruc- 
tions from, 235. 

King George III., address of Connecticut to, 88; coronation of and 
queen announced, 144; declares his resolution of marriage, 134; 
directed to be proclaimed king in Connecticut, 84 ; form for pro- 
claiming, 85 ; forms for proclaiming are being prepared, 82 ; men- 
tioned, 315; letter written to mentioned, 313; marriage of an- 
nounced, 143; petition to against Stamp act approved, 366; pro- 



GENERAL INDEX. 441 

ceedings at proclamation of as king over Connecticut described, 

93; proclamation proclaiming him king over Connecticut, 92; 

proclamation of peace by, 228; to be proclaimed, 83; see George 

III. 
King Henry III., mentioned, 320. 
King William III., mentioned, 395. 
King, Capt. Seth, roll of company of, 169. 

King in council, appeals to discussed, 306; proceedings of, 239. 
King's advocate, appointment of for Connecticut requested, 71, 72; 

little occasion for in New York, 70. 
King's woods, trespass in discussed, 121; trespass in mentioned, 120; 

mentioned, 140. 
Kinnoul, Lord, difficulty with mentioned, 139; mentioned, 140. 

Lake Champi.ain, sloop of war to be built on, 26. 

Lake Ontario, mentioned, 78. 

Land between Crown Point and Number Four, proposal for settling, 

30. 31- 
Landing place, mentioned, 27. 
Lathrop, Azariah, document signed by, 364. 
Lathrop, Daniel, document signed by, 364. 
Law, John, letters written by, 25, 87. 
Law, Richard, letters written to, 25, 328. 
Law, Mrs. Richard, mentioned, 328. 
Law books, ordered prepared for sending to England, 95 ; request for 

from England, 81. 
Lebanon, letter addressed to, 27; letter dated at, 130; mentioned, 156, 

157. 166, 169, 171, 172, 183, 314, 315- 
Lechmere, Nicholas, document signed by, 92. 

Lechmere, Thomas, superseded as surveyor general of customs, 99. 
Ledlie, Mr., letter sent by, 368. 
Ledlie, Capt. Hugh, roll of company of, 171. 
Leffingwell, Andrew, document signed by, 364. 
Leffingwell, Benjamin, document signed by, 364. 
Leffingwell, Christopher, document signed by, 364. 
Leffingwell, Elisha, document signed by, 364. 
Leffingwell, Thomas, document signed by, 364. 
Leffingwell, Thomas, Jr., document signed by, 364. 
Legard, William, document signed by, 329. 
Leicester House, letter dated at, 84. 
"Leicester" packet, mentioned, 100. 
Lester, Daniel, document signed by, 364. 
Letters to governors, text of, 42, 47, 50, 52, 65, 79. 
Letters of marque, ordered granted, 196. 
Levis, Mons. de, mentioned, 80. 
Lewis, David, petition signed by, 345. 



442 FITCH PAPERS. 

Liberties of the colonies, defence of discussed, 291. 

"Liegoner" boat, mentioned, 28. 

Life, Thomas, appointment of as agent, 82; mentioned, 141, 368, 374, 

384; salary paid to, 302. 
Liquor, supplying of to troops forbidden, 23. 
Lisbon, mentioned, 212, 265. 

Litchfield, mentioned. 9, 12, 58, 157, 15S, 176, 1S6. 
Litchfield County, officials of named, 216. 
Livingston, Peter Van Brugh, letter sent by, 382. 
Livingston, Robert R., mentioned, 366. 
Live stock, to be purchased, 131. 
Lockwood, Lieut. Col. James, mentioned, 217. 
London, letters dated at, 99, 280, 286, 317, 328, 332, 388, 400; mentioned, 

2, 55, 56. 57. 83, 137, 139, 203, 329, 335, 358, 359, 374. 381. 389; 

merchants of mentioned, 317, 326; petition in behalf of merchants 

of mentioned, 332. 
Long Island, mentioned, 203, 211. 

Long Island sound, jurisdiction of islands in discussed, 327, 330. 
Lord, Ebenezer, document signed by, 364. 
Lord, Elisha, document signed by, 364. 
Lord, Richard, mentioned, 216. 
Lord's day, protest against troops working on discussed, 208 ; protest 

against work on by troops, 203, 206. 
Lords of admiralty, see Commissioners of admiralty. 
Lords of treasury, see Commissioners of treasury. 
Loring, Capt., mentioned, 197. 
Loudoun, Lord, mentioned, 132, 133, 137. 
Louisbourg, mentioned, 133, 266. 
Louisiana, mentioned, 214. 

Lowndes, Charles, letter written by, 356; letter written to, 381. 
Lydice, mentioned, 98. 
Lyman, Col. and Gen. Phineas, document signed by, 159; has small 

pox, 243; letters written by, 27, 388; letters written to, 30, 61; 

letter written to mentioned, 63; memorial signed by, 29; men- 
tioned, 22, 64, 107, 154, 207; refers to criticism of himself, 27; 

roll of company of, 160; roll of invaHds in regiment of, 149; roll 

of regiment of, 159. 
Lyme, mentioned, 151, 163, 164. 
Littleton, Gov. William Henry, letter written by, 349; letter written 

by mentioned, 348. 

MacNiel (McNeal), Capt. Archibald, roll of company of, 186. 
McTaggart, Capt. Peter, mentioned, 2, 3, 5. 
" Maidstone " ship, letter dated on, 392. 
Mair, Arthur, document signed by, 206. 
Majorvi, Port of, mentioned, 287. 



GENERAL INDEX. 443 

Mallory, Mr., mentioned, 20. 

Maltbie, Maj. Jonathan, mentioned, 217. 

Mansfield, mentioned, 152, 168, i6(j. 

Manwaring, David, document signed by, 364. 

Map of Connecticut, see under Connecticut. 

Marsh, Col. Ebenezer, mentioned, 216, 217. 

Marsh, Jonathan, document signed by, 364. 

Marten, Samuel, letter written to, 131. 

Martinique, letter dated at, 229. 

Maryland, text of letters to governor of, 50, 99. 

Mason, E., attests document, 124; letter signed by, 122. 

Mason, John, bond by mentioned, 310. 

Mason, Jo"., mentioned, 314. 

Mason, Samuel, claim of mentioned, 349; details of dealings by in 
Mohegan Indians lands, 309; has arrived in England, 317; has 
sailed for England, 306; mentioned, 294, 314, 331; Mohegan In- 
dians land sold by, 310. 

Massachusetts, appointment of agent by discussed, 376; commanding 
officers from named, 29, 30; mentioned, 211, 243, 333, 366, 394; 
money borrowed by mentioned, 140; orders to be sent to, 49; 
orders sent to, 91; orders sent to mentioned, 193; petition of 
against bill to impose stamp duties mentioned, 324 ; petition of 
offered against proposed stamp act, 341 ; petition of to be pre- 
sented to House of Commons, 317; opposition to stamp act in 
mentioned, 392; text of letters to governor of, 42, 50, 52, 65, 99; 
see Boundary line controversy. 

Massachusetts House of Representatives, letter written by committee 
of, 284. 

Massachusetts trade and fisheries, statement of, 262. 

Massachusetts troops, at Crown Point, 135; have left service or refuse 
to do duty, 242. 

Masseran, Prince, letter written by, 286; letter written by mentioned, 
294. 

Mast ship, sailmg of mentioned, 306. 

Mast timber, being cut by private persons, 70; location of and method 
of procuring discussed, 69. 

Master of rolls, mentioned, 311, 312. 

Masts, yards and bowsprits, contract for cargo of mentioned, 120; may 
be procured through Connecticut, 72. 

Mead, Samuel, letter written by, 99, 280. 

Mechlenburg Strelitz, Duke of, mentioned, 134; see Charlotte Princess. 

Mediterranian, mentioned, 212. 

Memorials to General Assembly, 347, 364. 

Minisink, mentioned, 204. 

Merchants, discussion of "Sugar act" by, 261, 262 ; petition of of Fairfield 
County, 345 ; see Boston, New London. 



444 FITCH PAPERS. 

Merchants and traders, memorial in behalf of in Connecticut, 275. 

Meredith, Sir. William, mentioned, 321; offers petition, 333; opposes 
stamp duties, 316. 

Merwin, Lieut. Stephen, document signed by, 221. 

Middlesex County, England, mentioned, 329. 

Middletown, mentioned, 123, 153, 164, 165, 16S. 

Milford, mentioned, 155, 177, 178. 

Miller, John, document signed by, 364. 

Mills, The, mentioned, 27. 

Mississippi, mentioned, 143, 278. 

Mississippi river, mentioned, 77. 

Mobile river, mentioned, 77. 

Mohawk Indians, land reported purchased of, 96: mentioned, 315. 

Mohawk river, mentioned, 107. 

Mohegan case or controversy, action in expected, 342 ; details of 
dealings by Samuel Mason in lands of the Indians, 309; dis- 
cussed, 306, 309; information about desired, 294; mentioned, 56, 
57. 137, 331. 349- 378, 384; to be renewed, 317. 

Mohegan Indians, action in stirring up against Connecticut described, 
313; one has arrived In England, 317; mentioned, 314, 315. 

"Molasses act" or "Sugar act," copy of received, 282; mentioned, 282, 
287, 303 ; oath to enforce taken by governor, 303 ; see also "Sugar 
act." 

Money from England, received in Boston, 2; received from England to 
be transfered by agent, 56; shipped from England to Connecticut, 
3 ; transfered from Boston to Hartford, 5 ; see Bullion. 

Montegue, Edward, mentioned, 333. 

Montreal, calamity in described and contribution for sufferers asked, 
352; letter dated at, 79; mentioned, 48, 53; surrender of described, 
81. 

Moore, Sir Henry, announces his appointment as governor of New 
York, 377; letters written by, 377, 386; letters written to, 379, 393. 

Morris, Corbyn, letter written by, 400. 

Morris, Judge Lewis, mentioned, 70; said to have resigned as judge of 
Court of vice admiralty, 72. 

Morris, Gov. Robert Hunter, letter written by mentioned, 96; men- 
tioned, 98. 

Mortier, Mr. money paid to, 140. 

Mosely, Increase, mentioned, 216. 

Mott, Mr., agitates opposition to stamp act, 385. 

Mumford, David, document signed by, 364. 

Mumford, J. , document signed by, 364. 

Mumford, Thomas, document signed by, 364. 

Murray, Gov. James, letter written by, 352; mentioned, 81. 

Musgrave, Sir William, letter written by, 400. 



GENERAL INDEX. 445 



Muskingum river, mentioned, 308. 
Mustering officer, letter written to. 



Navy Board, letter written to, 120; mentioned, iig. 

Neate, Mr., mentioned, 375. 

Netherland.s, mentioned, 32(;, 330. 

Neville, Mr., mentioned, 226. 

Nevis, mentioned, 272. 

New England, mentioned, 107, 341, 369, 370, 393; woods in mentioned, 
69. 

New England governments, act relating to bills of credit of mentioned, 
299; mentioned, 274. 

New Fairfield, mentioned, 180, 187. 

New Hampshire, mentioned, 349, 366; money borrowed by mentioned, 
140; orders to be sent to, 49; orders sent to, 91; orders sent to 
mentioned, 193; text of letters to governor of, 42, 50, 52, 99; text 
of letter to governor of mentioned, 199; text of order sent to com- 
manding officer of troops of, 241. 

New Hampshire troops, at Crown Point, 135. 

New Hartford, mentioned, i6r, 162. 

New Haven, account of duties collected at, 361 ; collector of customs at 
appointed, 400; documents dated at, 92, 218, 219, 274, 275, 292; 
letters dated at, 146, 231; mentioned, 87, 93, 94, 103, 155, 156, 174, 
175, 176. 180, 181, 182, 231, 275. 

New Haven County, officials of named, 216. 

New Haven harbor, mentioned, 211. 

New Jersey, mentioned, 70, 107, 366; orders to be sent to, 49; orders sent 
to, gi ; orders sent to mentioned, 193; text of letters to governor 
of, 42, 50, 52, 65, 99; text of orders sent to commanding officer of 
troops of, 241 ; see East Jersey. 

New London, account of duties collected at, 361 ; battery at mentioned, 
214; collector of customs at appointed, 280; document dated at, 
277; letter addressed to, 25; letters dated at, 197, 309, 313; men- 
tioned, 87, 142, 143, 151, 163, 164, 170, 173, 294, 311, 314, 329, 385, 
393- 

New London County, officials of named, 216. 

New London harbor, mentioned, 211. 

New London merchants, letter written to, 261. 

New London river, mentioned, 211. 

New Milford, mentioned, 158, 186, 187. 

New York, document dated at, 206; letters dated at, 7, 9, 12, 18, 20, 42, 
47. 50, 52, 57, 58, 62, 64, 76, 99, 104, 109, 112, 119, 126, 142, 229, 231, 
241, 245, 308, 327; mentioned, 19, 66, 70, 87, 130, 301, 315, 321, 332, 
335, 355. 366, 371, 376, 377, 382, 385, 386; see Fort George. 



446 FITCH PAPERS. 

New York province, authority of governor as commander of military 
forces of Connecticut discussed, 394; desire to enlist troops in 
Connecticut, 201 ; governor of announces himself commander of 
Connecticut military forces, 368 ; mentioned, 70, 72, 107, 121, 127, 
128, 204, 211, 212, 274, 331, 377, 379, 394, 395; military quota of, 
394; orders sent to, 91; orders sent to mentioned, 193; orders to 
be sent to, 49; text of letters to governor of, 42, 50, 52, 65, 99; text 
of orders sent to commanding officer of troops of, 241. 

New York currency, bounty and reward offered in, 199, mentioned, 8, 
II, 190. 

Newbury, mentioned, 266. 

Newcastle, Duke of, letter to, 64. 

Newfoundland, mentioned, 263, 268, 269, 270. 

Newton, Roger, document signed by, 92. 

Newton, Judge Roger, mentioned, 216. 

Newton, Col. Roger, mentioned, 217. 

Newton, mentioned, 176, 177. 

Niagara, mentioned, 79. 

Niantic, mentioned, 314. 

Nichols, Phip., petition signed by, 345. 

Nichols, Theophilus, petition signed by, 345. 

Nichols, William, document signed by, 364. 

North Carolina, mentioned, 366; text of letter to governor of, 99. 

North Palace Yard, letter dated at, 69, 131 ; memorandum dated at, 72. 

Northam, Timothy, authorized to enlist troops in Connecticut, 201. 

Northampton County, Pa., mentioned, 97; settlements being made in 
by Connecticut people, 97. 

Northern colonies, mentioned, 118, 133, 275, 278, 279. 

Northern governments, letter to mentioned, 52. 

Northfield, mentioned, 33. 

Norwalk, letters addressed to, 313, 358, 377, 388; letters dated at, i, 3, 6, 
10, 13, 16, 17, 24, 45. 59. 60, 63, 74, 87, 93, 95, 103, 107, 109, 117, 124, 
196, 200, 208, 243, 249, 251, 254, 258, 276, 279, 294, 296, 298, 303, 312, 
330, 356. 359. 370, 378, 379. 381, 387- 393. 396; mentioned, 158. 

Norwich, mentioned, 150, 151, 153, 162, 163, 166, 203, 208, 309, 386. 

Nova Scotia, mentioned, 268, 269. 

Noyes, John, document signed by, 92. 

Noyes, Joseph, document signed by, 92. 

Nugent, H., letter written by, 84. 

Number Four, N. H., Connecticut troops to march by way of, 221; 
documents dated at, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 149, 154, 159, 174, 
221; letter addressed to, 220; list of soldiers mustered and vict- 
ualed at, 33; mentioned, 29, 31, 40, 149, 154, 158, 170, 174, 221; 
number of troops mustered to march by way of, 220. 



GENERAL INDEX. 447 

OccoM, Samson, action of to stir up Mohegan Indians against Con- 
necticut described, 313; activities of described, 314; letter written 
by mentioned, 313; mentioned, 315, 366. 

Ohio river, mentioned, 276, 308. 

Olcott, Samuel, document signed by, 364. 

Oliver, Andrew, letters written by, 2, 5; letter written to, 4; mentioned^ 

3. 4- 
Oliver, Thomas, document signed by, 364. 
Oneco, Mohegan Indians land sold by, 310. 
Oneida Indians, mentioned, 314. 
Order in Council, mentioned, 227. 

Orwell. Lord, letters written by, 233, 234, 236, 238, 253, 281. 
Osborn, Seth, memorial signed by, 347. 
Oswald, James, letter written by, 32. 
Oswegatchie, mentioned, 78. 

Oswego or Oswego I'oad, mentioned, 79, 107, 108, no. 
Otis, James, letter written by, 284; mentioned, 366. 
"Ottawawa" vessel, captured, 78. 
Oxen, purchase of mentioned, Oi, 62, f)3. 

Palmes, Edward, document signed by, 3^14- 

Paper money, see Bills of credit. 

Pardon, suggested for deserters from regular troops, 16. 

Paris, mentioned, 226. 

Parliament, address of Connecticut to, 307 ; address of Connecticut to 
sent to England, 307; address to mentioned, 304; discussion of 
proposed act to impose stamp duties described, 318; list of Acts 
of, 282; mentioned, 132, 140, 276; petitions of Connecticut sent to, 
371 ; petition to be sent to approved, 366; representation of people 
in, 351 ; see Act of Parliament, House of Commons. 

Partridge, Col. Richard, bill of exchange drawn on, 353; case against 
estate of mentioned, 311; claim against estate of paid, 342, 343, 
374; debt from estate of mentioned, 301, 378; lawsuit with execu- 
tors of mentioned, 139; letter written by mentioned, 3; men- 
tioned, 2, 56, 57, 368; receipt of money from estate of mentioned, 
369, 382. 

Payne, Edward, letter written by, 261. 

Payne, Capt. Thomas, roll of company of, 1S4. 

Peace, proclamation of, 228; proclamation of published in Connecticut, 
250; treaty of signed and ratified, 226, 229. 

Peek, Joseph, document signed, 364. 

Pedlars, additional license fee for requested, 346. 

Pelham, Henry, letter written by, 99, 280, 400. 

Penn, William, mentioned, 204, 205. 

Pennington, Joseph, letter written by, 280. 



448 FITCH PAPERS. 

Pennsylvania, complaints, against stated, 227; discussion over settle- 
ment in by Connecticut people, 96; governor of mentioned, 233, 
241, 252, 258; mentioned, gj, 125, 126, 204, 240, 241, 249; text of 
letters to governor of, 50, 99. 

Peril, John, document signed by, 364. 

Perkins, Jabez, document signed by, 364. 

Perkins, Jacob, Jr., document signed by, 364. 

Petition to General Assembly, 345. 

Philadelphia, letter dated at, 96; mentioned, 102, 258, 335, 385. 

Phipps, Sir. William, mentioned, 394, 

Pierce, Maj. Ezekiel, mentioned, 217. 

Pierpont, James, document signed by, 92. 

Pine woods, location of producing mast timber, 69. 

Pirates, complaint of violences by, 285, 286. 

Piracy, mentioned, 294; report of mentioned, 331. 

Piscataway, mentioned, 344. 

Pitkin, Elisha, document signed by, 364. 

Pitkin, Col. Joseph, letter written to, 87; mentioned, 21G, 217. 

Pitkin, Dep. Gov. William, document signed by, 92, 292; letter written 
to, 356; mentioned, 215, 216. 

Pitkin, Maj. William, Jr., mentioned, 216, 217. 

Pitt, William, letters written by, 4, 13, 47, 76, 89, 106, 134, 143, 144; 
letters written by mentioned, 5, 8, 12, 50, 52, 103, 105, 107, 109, 
117, 119; letters written to, 24, 60, 87, 109; mentioned, 52, 137, 
196, 205; retires as secretary of state, 145. 

Plainfield, mentioned, 153, 171, 172, 173. 

Plantation office, document dated at, 86. 

Point du Baril, mentioned 78. 

Pomfret, mentioned, 150, 161, 162, 172. 

Port Principe, mentioned, 286. 

Port of Trinity, mentioned, 286. 

Porter, Capt. , mentioned, 130, [31. 

Porter, Nathaniel, letter written by, 28. 

Portsmouth, N. H., letter dated at, 122; mentioned, 69. 

Portugal, ambassador of mentioned, 226; king of mentioned, 228; men- 
tioned, 303, 336, 344. 

Post, conveyance of letters by to be facilitated, 287 ; facilities for de- 
scribed, 295. 

Post office, fees of mentioned, 337. 

Post Master General, mentioned, 288. 

Postage, act for preventing frauds in received, 283. 

Pouchot, Mons., captured, 79. 

Pownall, John, document signed by, 86; letters written by, 81, 82, 127, 
136, 202. 

Pownall, Gov. Thomas, letters written to, 42, 69, 95, 119; mentioned, 
54, 65. 



GENERAL INDEX. 449 

Prayers, litanies and collects for royal family, alteration of form of, 
144; instruction for alteration of form of, 86; proclamation for 
altering form of, 194. 

Prentis, Capt. John, abstract of will of, 329; mentioned, 328, 330; sum 
decreed to crew of vessel of which he was captain, 328 ; terms of 
will of discussed, 328. 

Preston, mentioned, 151, 153, 167, 168, 171, 172, 175. 

Princeton, mentioned, 203. 

Prindel, Abel, document signed by, 92. 

Privy Council, letter written by, 84; mentioned, 83; proposal to submit 
question of jurisdiction of certain islands to, 327, 331. 

Proclamation, by Fitch about prayers for the royal family, 194; contin- 
uing officials in office published, 94; continuing old officials men- 
tioned, 84, 85; for altering prayers for royal family mentioned, 
94; for day of thanksgiving mentioned, 32; for establishing new 
governments in America mentioned, 255; for general pardon 
mentioned, 18; for trading with Indians mentioned, 313 ; issued 
to encourage enlistment, 11 ; of peace with Indians to be publish- 
ed, 309; of peace after French and Indian war, 228; proclaiming 
George III. king over Connecticut, 92; receipt of mentioned, 59, 
260; sent from England to Connecticut, 255. 

Providence, R. I., mentioned, 173, 287. 

Provisions, difficult to be procured, 202; embargo on export of request- 
ed, 202; magazines of to be established, 54; magazines of not to 
be established, 58; not to be shipped from ports of Connecticut, 
200; pay to be given in lieu of, 58; reported being supplied to 
the enemy, 200. 

Public transactions, list of documents used in, 296. 

Punderson, Ebenezer, document signed by, 92. 

Putnam, Col. Israel, men in company of, 41 ; roll of company of, 38, 161. 

Quebec, letter dated ^t, 352; mentioned, 26, 32, 59, 81, 266. 

Ravelo, Manual, mentioned, 286. 

Read, Col. John, mentioned, 216, 217. 

Rennaud, Mr., mentioned, 143. 

Rhode Island, letter dated at, 290; mentioned. 189. 211, 253. 349, 393; 
orders to be sent to, 49; orders sent to, 91 ; orders sent to men- 
tioned, 193; text of letters to governor of, 42, 50, 52, 65, 99; text 
of letters to governor of mentioned, 199, 202; text of orders sent 
to commanding officer of troops of, 241 ; see Boundary dispute. 

Rhode Island General Assembly's Committee, letter written by, 290. 

Rice, George, letters written by, 114, 233, 235, 236, 238, 253. 

Richards, Mr., mentioned 198. 

Richards, Guy, document signed by, 364. 

Ricla, Count de, letter written by mentioned, 286; mentioned, 287. 



450 FITCH PAPERS. 

Ridgetield, mentioned, i8o, i8i. 

Roberts, John, letter written by, 354. . 

Robertson, Patrick, document signed by, 364. 

Rockenhani, Marquis of, mentioned, 389. 

Rogerines, disturbance by related, 197. 

Rogers, Jonathan, Mohegan Indians land purchased by, 310. 

Rogers, Theophilus, document signed by, 364. 

Rogers, Zabdiel, document signed by, 364. 

Roll, of Col. Eleazer Fitch's regiment, 38; of Capt. Joseph Halt's com- 
pany, 221 ; of invalids in Col. Phineas Lyman's regiment 149; of 
Col. Phineas Lyman's regiment, 159; of Col. Nathan Whiting's 
regiment, 33, 174; of invalids in Col. Nathan Whiting's regiment 
154; of Col. David Wooster's regiment, 33. 

Rowland, David, mentioned, 216. 

Roxbury, mentioned, 197. 

Royal family, alteration of form of prayers, litanies and collects for, 
86, 144, 194, 218; birth of a prince announced, 210; see George 
IL, George IIL, King. 

Royal Highland regiment, mentioned, 222. 

Royal instruction, for removal from Susquehannah of persons from 
Connecticut settled there, 240; receipt of mentioned, 251 ; text of 
to Connecticut, 218. 

Royal navy, supplies for mentioned, 120. 

Royal Point, mentioned, 221. 

Ruggles Col. approval of service of, 43. 

Ruggles, Capt. Benjamin, roll of company of, 33. 

Ruggles, Col. Timothy, letter written to, 30; memorial signed by, 29; 
mentioned, 366. 

St. Domingo, mentioned, 349. 
St. Eustatius, mentioned, 272. 
St. James, document dated at mentioned, 251; letters dated at, 256, 

285, 287, 289, 353, 354, 362, 391, 397; mentioned, 143, 194, 195; 

royal instruction dated at, 218. 
St. Johns, mentioned, 2b. 

"St. Joseph and St. Helena" snow, case of mentioned, 56, 57, 137. 
St. Kitts, mentioned, 272. 

St. Lawrence river, letter dated from, 78; mentioned, 283. 
St. Martins in the Felds, mentioned, 329. 
Salem, mentioned, 266, 268, 269. 
Salisbury, mentioned, 187. 
Saltonstall, G., document signed by, 364. 
Saltonstall, Gurdon, letter written to, 261; memorial in behalf of, 275; 

mentioned, 217. 
Saltonstall, Roswell, document signed by, 364. 
Saltonstall, Winthrop, document signed by, 364. 



GENERAL INDEX. 45 I 

Samson, has induced Mohegan Indians to favor Samuel Mason, 310. 

Sandys, Lord, letter written by, 113. 

Saunders, Sir Charles, commander of ships employed in North Ameri- 
can. 4; information to be transmitted to, 4; mentioned, 267; to 
be supplied with sailors and workmen, 4. 

Saybrook, mentioned, 157, 184, 185. 

Sayre, Stephen, account of Susquehannah affairs written by, 203 ; 
sketch of, 203. 

Scituate, mentioned, 173. 

Scotland, mentioned, 137. 

Scotch commissioners, mentioned, 314, 315. 

"Seaflower" sloop, mentioned, 143. 

Seamen, act of Parliament for government of inentioned, 203; en- 
couraged to enter service, 15. 

Sears, Mr., letter written by mentioned, 385. 

Senegal, act relating to fort of received, 2 S3. 

Shapley, Adam, document signed by, 3(^. 

Sharon, mentioned, 157, 185, 186. 

Sharpe, Phil., document signed by, 239. 

Sharpe, W. , document signed by, 227. 

Shaw, Nathaniel, letter written to, 261. 

Shaw, Nathaniel, Jr., document signed by, 364. 

Shawnee Indians, have made peace, 308; mentioned, 274. 276. 

Sheaffe, Edward, letter written by, 2S4. 

Shelburne, Earl of, letters written by, 233, 234, 236, 238. 

Sheldon, Elisha, mentioned, 216. 

Sherman, Daniel, mentioned, 216. 

Shirley, Gen. William, mentioned, 140; troops raised at request of, 131. 

Silliman, Mr., mentioned, 351. 

Silliman, Ebenezer, documents signed by, 92, 274; mentioned, 215, 216. 

Silver, see Money. 

Simsbury, mentioned, 150, 152, 160, 161, 170. 

Six Nations of Indians, covenanted not to sell lands, 96 ; deputies from 
discuss settlement at Susquehannah by people from Connecticut, 
244, 250; land purchased from, 124, 128; mentioned, 98, 204, 232, 
240, 258, 274, 276. 

Slaves, purchase of mentioned, 278. 

Sloper, William, letter written by, 83. 

Sluman, Joseph, letter written by, 229; mentioned, 136. 

Sraedly, Lieut. Col. James, documents signed by, 92, 149, 154; men- 
tioned, 154, 217, 220, 221 ; roll of company of, 35, 176. 

Smith, Capt., men in company of, 41. 

Smith, Joseph, document signed by, 364. 

Soldiers, cannot be made by the methods now used, 27; see Roll. 

Somers, mentioned, 152, 170. 



452 



FITCH PAPERS. 



South Carolina, governor of mentioned, 233, 238; text of letter to gov- 
ernor of, 99. 

Southern governments, letter to mentioned, 52'; mentioned, 274, 276, 
359; orders to be sent to, 49; orders sent to, 91; orders sent to 
mentioned, 193. 

Spain, Spaniard and Spanish, king of mentioned, 28; mentioned, 137, 
195, 223, 278, 279, 280, 303, 33O; war declared against, 195. 

Spanish ambassador, letter written by mentioned, 285. 

Spanish settlements, mentioned, 214. 

Spanish subjects, complaint of violences against, 2S5, 286. 

Spalding, Capt. John, roll of company of, 172. 

Spencer, Maj. Joseph, mentioned, 217. 

Springfield, mentioned, 2, 170. 

Squier, John, memorial signed by, 347. 

Squier, Samuel, Jr., memorial signed by, 347. 

Stafford, mentioned, 152, 153, 165, 166, if)7, 170. 

Stamford, mentioned, 158, iSi, 188. 

Stamp Act or stamp duties, act repealing received, 397; address of Con- 
necticut to Parliament against sent to England, 304, 307 ; advice 
concerning behavior in consideration of repeal of, 397 ; aid directed 
to be given distributors of stamps, 356; care and disposition of 
stamped paper discussed, 357, 367 ; directions given for preventing 
opposition to, 392; discussed, 304, 316, 350, 376; discussion of in 
Parliament described, 318, 340; distribution of stamps and resig- 
nation of distributor of stamps discussed, 3S1; disturbances be- 
cause of deprecated, 362; duties of distributors of stamps, 356; 
effect of absence of stamped paper discussed, 364; list of docu- 
ments or instruments to be stamped, 292, 296; list of documents 
to be stamped received in England, 354; matter of stamped paper 
for Connecticut remaining at New York discussed, 380; meeting 
of delegates from the colonies to consider mentioned, 355, 356; 
memorial to General Assembly concerning, 364; mentioned, 262; 
opposition to described and discussed, 355, 385; passed, 340, 342, 
350; petitions of Connecticut against sent to Parliament, 371; 
proposed repeal of discussed, 3S3, 390, 392; progress of bill for 
described, 332; proposed, 279; "Reasons against" sent to Eng- 
land, 304, 307 ; repeal of in progress and discussed, 389 ; resolve 
taken to lay on the colonies, 316; resolution to enact announced, 
289; result of proposed discussed, 284, 291; stamped paper for 
Connecticut remains at New York, 377 ; stamped paper ordered 
returned, 400. 

Stamp act congress, proceedings of described and discussed, 366, 371, 

376- 
Stanton, Capt. John, roll of company of, 167. 
" Sterling Castle " man of war. money sent to America on, 140. 
Stewart, Duncan, appointed collector of customs, 280. 



GENERAL INDEX. 453 

Stewart, W., document signed by, 364. 

Stone, Col. Timothy, mentioned, 216, 217. 

Stonington, mentioned, 151, 162, 167, 168. 

Straits (" Streights ") The, mentioned, 265. 

Stratford, mentioned, 155, 156, 158, 178. 

Stratford river, mentioned, 211. 

Stuart, John, document signed by, 364. 

Sutheld, mentioned, 150, 151, 152, 160, 161, 170, 171. 

"Sugar act," memorial against proposed renewal of, 275; mentioned, 
335; proposed renewal or revival of discussed, 261, 262, 277, 284; 
see also " Molasses act." 

Sugar Islands, mentioned, 267, 273, 27S, 279. 

Sumner, Hezekiah, mentioned, 123. 

Surinam, mentioned, 2(18, 272. 

Surveyor general of customs, mentioned, 2S0. 

Susquehannah, commissioner appointed by Connecticut to warn settlers 
from, 25S; commissioner to be appointed to stop settlement at, 
249; letter relating to settlement at mentioned, 237; settlement at 
by people from Connecticut discussed, 96, 124, 128, 223, 224, 227, 
229, 231, 232, 233, 238, 244, 246, 250, 252, 258; settlers at from Con- 
necticut ordered to remove, 239, 240; see Wyoming. 

Susquehannah Company, account of affairs of, 203 ; agrees to discontinue 
attemps to settle lands, 244; purchases by described and discuss- 
ed, 124. 

Susquehannah Indians, mentioned, 96. 

Su.squehannah river, mentioned, 96, 124, 12S, 204. 

Sutlers, extravagant demands of mentioned, 108; to be excluded from 
following troops, no. 

Talcott, Maj. Elizur, mentioned, 217. 

Talcott, Joseph, letters written to, 3, 5; mentioned, 4, 216. 

Talcott, Joseph, Jr., money delivered to, 5. 

"Tamer" sloop, mentioned, 100. 

Taxation of colonies, discussed at length, 372. 

Taxes for redeeming bills of credit, described, 298. 

Teedyuscung, mentioned, 97. 

Temple, Lord, letter written by, 84. 

Temple, Mr., letter written to mentioned, 400. 

Temple, John, appointed surveyor general of customs, 99; letter 
written to mentioned, 280. 

Temple, Thomas, appointed surveyor general of customs, 136. 

Temple, letter dated at, 311; see Inner Temple. 

Thacher, Oxenbridge, letter written by, 284. 

Thanksgiving day, appointed, 32; observed, 252; ordered, 236; pro- 
clamation received for, 59. 

Thomas, Edmond, letter written by, 113. 



454 FITCH PAPERS. 

Ticonderoga, capture of described, 25; fort being repaired, 27; letter 
dated at, 27; mentioned, 29; surrender of mentioned, 26. 

Tiley, William, document signed by, 364. 

Tomlinson, see Beers and Tomlison. 

Tomlinson and Hanbury, controversy and error regarding money 
shipped to America by, 140. 

Tomlison, Agur, petition signed by, 345. 

Tomlison, Gideon, document signed by, 92. 

Tompot, mentioned, 150. 

Torrington, mentioned, 187. 

Townsend, Charles, mentioned, 321, 322. 

Tracy, Capt., mentioned, 314. 

Tracy, Elisha, document signed by, 364. 

Trade, conditions for opening with Indians, 309 ; conditions of described 
and discussed, 345, 347; impositions laid on mentioned, 291; re- 
marks on of Connecticut, 277; revision of laws of promised, 398; 
with Indians discussed, 313; see Illicit trade. 

Trade and navigation laws, mentioned, 99. 

Trade and fisheries of Massachusetts, statement of, 262. 

Trade of America, repeal of bill regulating to be sought, 303. 

Trade of Connecticut, remarks on, 277. 

Traders from other colonies, additional duty requested on goods brought 
in by, 346, 347. 

Trapp, Samuel, document signed by, 364. 

Treasury chambers, letter dated at, 356. 

Trinity, city or port of, mentioned, 286. 

Troops, bounty to be paid for enlisting in regulars, 201 ; Connecticut 
men have inlisted into regulars, 14 ; desired to inlist into regulars, 
190, 199, 209; discontent of at Crown Point, 135; expenses of pro- 
viding for discussed, 17; expenses of subsisting to be borne by 
the Crown, 131 ; inlisting officer for regulars appointed, 207: losses 
of described. So; movements of described, 78, 80, 241 ; number to 
be enlisted for regular service, 201 ; officers to have rank accord- 
ing to their commissions, 193; provinces expected to levy clothe 
and pay, 7 ; regulars who have deserted will rejoin if pardoned, 
16; required for service against Indians, 274; sufficient number 
cannot be raised in Great Britain, 190; what will be supplied them 
by the Crown, 8, 18; see Connecticut troops. 

Trumble (later Trumbull), Col. Jonathan, letters written by, 130, 355; 
letters written to, 26, 27, 28, 134, 229; mentioned, 215, 216, 217. 

Trumble, Mrs. Jonathan, mentioned, 135. 

Trumble, Joseph, mentioned, 136. 

Turks Island, settlement to be made for damages sustained on, 349. 

Turner, Dr. Philip, declines to again enter service, 208; document 
signed by, 364 ; letter forwarded by, 203 ; letter written by, 208. 

Tyler, Capt., men in company of, 42. 



GENERAL INDEX. 455 

Uncas, John, bond by mentioned, 310. 
Union, mentioned, 16S, i6q. 

Vallet, Jeremiah, bond to mentioned. 310. 

Van Dam, Anthony, letter written by, 20; letter written to, 19. 

Van Vleck, Mr., mentioned, 375. 

Vaudreuil, Marquis de, mentioned, 80. 

Versailles, mentioned, 192, 223. 

Vessel, being built, 28; launched, 27; see Fleet. 

Vice Admiralty, Court of, account of, 72 ; application made for a judge 

of for Connecticut, 61 ; establishing of in Connecticut requested, 

123; judge of located in New York, 70; judges of named, 72; 

need of in Connecticut discussed, 69, 72, 120, 121, 127. 
Virginia, mentioned, 203, 333, 366; petition of offered against proposed 

stamp act, 341 ; text of letters to governor of, 50, 99. 
Voluntown, mentioned, 153, 172, 173. 

Wadsworth, Jonathan, document signed by, 364. 

Wales, Prince of, mentioned, 85, 218. 

Wales, Princess dowager of, mentioned, 86, 144, 194, 218. 

Walker, Lieut. Col. Robert, document signed by, 92; mentioned, 216, 

217. 
Wallingford, mentioned, [50, 158, 175, 177, 179. 180, i3i, 182, 187, 189. 
Waterbury, Maj. David, roll of company of, 36. 
Waterbury, mentioned, 1(4, 166, 175, 176, 179, 180. 
Wattlas, William, document signed by. 364. 
Way, Ebenezer, Jr., document signed by, 364. 
Weasenham, England, letter dated at, 358. 
Webb, Maj. Gen. Daniel, mentioned, 133, 137. 
Weggery, John, mentioned, 143. 
Wentworth, Gov. Benning, letter written by, 122; letters written by 

mentioned, 71, 120, 121; letter written to, 99; mentioned, 51, 69, 

102, 123. 
West, Joshua, mentioned, 216. 
West, Zebulon, mentioned, 216. 
West India or West Indies, exports to mentioned, 212; illegal trade .said 

to be carried on with, 77; mentioned, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 

268, 269. 270, 271, 272, 273, 277, 278, 279, 285, 332, 333, 400. 
Westfield, mentioned, 170. 
Westminster, mentioned, 144. 
Wethersfield, mentioned, 162. 

Whale fishery, act for encouragement of received, 283. 
Whately, Thomas, mentioned. 325, 326. 
Wheat, Samuel, document signed by, 364. 
Wheatly, Capt. John, men in company of, 41 ; roll of company of, 39. 



456 FITCH PAPERS. 

Wheeler, mentioned, 315. 

Wheelock, Rev. Eleazer, mentioned, 314, 315. 

Whitehall, document dated at, 227, 237; letters -dated at, 4, 47, 76, 81, 
82, S3, 89, 106, 113, 127, 134, 136, 143, 144, 145, 190, 191, 195, 202, 
210, 222, 223, 224, 226, 228, 234, 236, 247, 253, 255, 281, 354. 

Whitfield, Mr., mentioned, 314. 

Whiting, John, document signed by, 92. 

Whiting, Col. Nathan, documents signed by, 92, 174; letters written by, 
26, 134, 203, 206, 231. 

Whiting, Nathan, letters written to, 30, 208; memorial signed by, 29; 
mentioned, 107, 129, 159, 206, 221, 222; ordered to command troops 
at Crown Point. 134; orders issued by, 221 ; orders issued by men- 
tioned, 220 ; roll of company of, 174; roll of invalids in regiment 
of, i5j; roll of regiment of, 33, 174; states reason for asking 
special allowance for his expences, 231. 

Whiting, Capt. Samuel, document signed by, 92; roll of company of, 
36, 178. 

Whitmore, Daniel, breach of peace by described, 123. 

Whitne, Lieut. Col. David, mentioned, 217. 

Whittelsey, Charles, document signed by, 92. 

Whittelsey, Chauncey, document signed by. 92. 

Whittelsey, Elisha, document signed by, 92. 

Whittemore, Daniel, document signed by, 364. 

Willard. Col. Abijah, approval of services of, 43; letter written to, 30; 
memorial signed by, 29. 

Williams, Mr., mentioned, 130. 

Williams, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 28. 

Williams, Lieut. Col. Ebenezer, mentioned, 217. 

Williams, Judge John, mentioned, 216. 

Williams, Thomas, document signed by, 364. 

Willington, mentioned, 152, 165, 166. 

Willoughby, John, petition signed by, 345. 

Windham, mentioned, 152, 153, 168, 169, 171, 172, 386. 

Windham County, officials of named, 216. 

Windsor, mentioned, 150, 151, 152, 153, 160, 161, 165, 166, 170. 

Wine, mentioned, 20. 

Winshipp, Joseph, document signed by, 364. 

Winslow, Joshua, letter written by, 261. 

Wiseton, letter dated at, 64. 

Witmore, Seth, mentioned, 216. 

Wolcott, Capt. Giles, roll of company of, 165. 

Wolcott, Oliver, mentioned, 216. 

Wolcott, Gov. Roger, letter written to, 122 ; letters written to mentioned, 
96, 120; mentioned, 123, 243. 

Wolcott, Roger, Jr., death of mentioned, 243. 



GENERAL INDEX. 457 

Wolcott, William, mentioned, 216. 

Wolf, Gen. James, mentioned, 26. 

Woodbridge, Mr., mentioned, 230. 

Woodbury, mentioned, 176, 187. 

Woods, Mr., letter written by mentioned, 15. 

Woods, statute for prosecuting trespass in king's mentioned, 72 ; see 
Pine woods. 

Woodstock, mentioned, 153, 172, 173. 

Wooster, Col. David, document signed by, 92; letter written to 30; 
memorial signed by, 29; mentioned, 73; roll of regiment and 
company of, 34. 

Wright, Gov. Sir James, mentioned, 233. 

Wyllys, Lieut. Col. George, documents signed by, 55, 82, 2ig, 274, 292; 
letter written to, 290; mentioned, 216, 217. 

Wyoming, massacre at described, 258; mentioned, 227, 233, 238, 239, 
240, 249, 252, 258; settlement at by people from Connecticut dis- 
cussed, 226; settlers reported going to, 96; see Susquehannah. 

Yale College, benefaction to mentioned, 369. 

Yale University Library, mentioned, 87. 

York, Duke of, mentioned, 204. 

Yorke, Mr., speech by mentioned, 333. 

Yorke, John, letters written by, 234, 236, 238, 253, 255. 

Zackery, Indian, mentioned, 315. 

Zuill, Alexander, petition signed by, 345. 









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