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Full text of "Collections of the Georgia Historical Society"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/collectionsofgeo10geor 



Collections 

of the 

Georgia Historical Society 



Vol. X 



The Proceedings and Minutes of the Governor and Council of 

Georgia, October 4, 1774, through November 7, 1755, and 

September 6, 1779, through September 20, 1780. 

Edited by 
LiLLA M. Hawes 




SAVANNAH, GEORGIA 

THE GEORGIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

1952 



To 

DOLORES BOISFEUILLET FLOYD 

Whose Appeeciation of the 

Value of Manuscbipts Saved 

This and Others in the 

Geobqia Historical Society's Library 

FOE Posterity 



INTRODUCTION 

One of the most important of the manuscripts in the library 
of the Georgia Historical Society is "The Proceedings and Min- 
utes of the Governor and Council, from October 4, 1774 through 
November 7, 1775 and from September 6, 1779 through Sep- 
tember 20, 1780," in two books. A-luch information, hitherto un- 
known, pertaining to Georgia and Savannah under the Royal 
government during the Revolution is contained in these minutes. 

The manuscript supplements Vol. XII of The Colonial Records 
of the State of Georgia'^ which contains "Proceedings and Min- 
utes of the Governor and Council from August 6, 1771, to 
February 13, 1782." Many sessions of the Council in 1774, 1775, 
1779 and 1780 that are missing in Vol. XII of The Colonial 
Records are in this manuscript and vice versa. It is interesting 
to note that of the one hundred sessions covered by this 
manuscript, only fifteen have heretofore been published, and 
in some instances there are important differences in the two 
versions. These duplicate sessions and differences are noted in 
the following pages. 

The history of this manuscript is not known, but it has long 
been in the possession of the Georgia Historical Society. It is 
mentioned in the minutes of the Society, in a report of the 
Committee on Printing and Publishing, February 12, 1904.^ 

The cover of the first book is missing but the second book has 
a paper cover bearing the notations "No, 2" and "Georgia Papers 
brought from [illegible] by Mr. Graham, 12 May, 1788." The 
two books are in different handwriting. 

The minutes are published with spelling and capitalization as 
they are in the original. Certain clarifying changes have been 
made in punctuation and all raised letters have been lowered. 

We are indebted to E. Merton Coulter, Editor of The Georgia 
Historical Quarterly, for permission to reprint these minutes 
which appeared in the issues of September and December, 1950, 
and March, June and September, 1951. We are indebted also to 
Walter C. Hartridge, whose interest and encouragement made 
this pubhcation possible. 

LiLLA M. Hawes, 
Editor 



1. Allen D. Candler, ed., The Colonial Records of the State of Georgia (At- 
lanta. 1907). XII. 

2. Minutes of the Qeor^a Historical Society, Book 3, pp. 66, 58. 



PROCEEDINGS AND MINUTES OF 

GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL. 

Book i. 

GEORGIA At a Meeting of the Council held in the Council Chamber 
in Savannah on Tuesday 4th Octr 1774 

Present, 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Bart. 
Honble 

James Habersham John Graham 

Noble Jones Henry Yonge 

James Mackay John Stuart 

James Edwd Powell Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston Clement Martin 

Esqrs 

His Excellency laid before the Board a Talk which he lately 
received from some Head Men and Warriors of the Lower Creeks, 
also a Talk from Emistisego a Principal Head Man in the Esechaws 
dated the 20th day of last Month Acquainting his Excellency that 
He Intended coming to Savannah to See his Excellency. 

After which his Excellency Informed the Board, that he had been 
waited upon by Capt. Elbert of the Grenadier Company, and Cap- 
tain Netherclift of the Light Infantry Company who severally offered 
to March with a detachment of their Respective Company's as farr 
as the Ehoopy river to meet the Indians and Escort Them to Savan- 
nah, which service his Excelly. said he had Accepted, and that they 
were to leave Town Tomorrow as he expected the Indians would be 
at the Ehoopy river by Sunday next at farthest: That he had given 
the necessary orders to Mr Nunas the Interpreter to provide some 
proper place for Lodgeing the Indians during their stay, and to 
Engage Pasturage for their Horses. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber in Savannah the 5th Octr 1774 

Present 
His Excell Sir James Wright Bart. 
Honble 

James Habersham Clement Martin 

Noble Jones Lewis Johnston 

James Mackay John Graham 

James Edwd. Powell Henry Yonge 

Esqrs 



Agreeable to a resolution of the Board of the 6th day of Septem- 
ber last requiring the several Persons having Caveats depending 
to Attend this day to be heard on their respective Caveats. The fol- 
lowing Persons did Attend and being heard the Board resolv'd as 
follows John McLean agt. the Exrs. of John McLean deceas'd, 

Resolved, That one Moyety of 500 Acres of Land on the Southside 
of Great Satilly heretofore granted to John McLean deceased, and 
by him Willed to his Sons Andrew McLean and Jervey McLean be 
granted to John McLean, the said Jervey McLean having died before 
his Father John McLean. 
Perret agt. Grierson, 

Perret Attended and was heard, and sundry Affidavits were pre- 
sented and read in support of Greirsons Claim, and the Board taking 
the several Vouchers and allegations into consideration, Resolved 
that 200 Acres of the land in dispute to Include the Mill built there- 
on by Perret be granted to him in part of 500 Acres Ordered him 
the 2nd day of March 1773 And that he the said Perret Reimburse 
and Pay Greirson all Reasonable Expences he has been at in pro- 
curing an Order for, Survey, Plat &c of the said Land. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah Monday 
17th Octr 1774 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Bart. 

Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Edwd. Powell James Hume 

Lewis Johnston John Stuart 

Henry Yonge, Anthony Stokes, James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency Acqainted the Board that the Reason of his Call- 
ing them together this day was to Consult with them and have 
their Opinions respecting the demand he should make of the Indian 
Chiefs now in Savannah on Account of the Murders lately com- 
mitted by some of their People, As he Intended to meet them tomor- 
row in the Court House to hear what they had to say, And then 
His Excellency put the following Questions to the Board — Whether 
he should Insist upon their Putting the two remaining Murderers 
Homata and Sofeea who fled to the Cherokees to death, as soon as 
they could get them in their Power, and whether upon their en- 
gageing to do so, the Trade with them should be immediately opened. 

The Board taking the same into consideration were Unanimosly 
of Opinion that his Excellency should Insist upon the two remaining 
Murderers being put to death as soon as they could be found, and 



that upon the Head Men engageing to do so his Excelly should 
promise them that the Trade with them should be immediately 
Opened. His Excellency then Acquainted the Board, that he had 
been Informed, that one Peter Randon formerly an Indian Trader 
had setled a Cowpen on the Southside of the Ocony River on the 
Indian's Lands, and had promised the Indians that as soon as the 
Trade was opened he would send up a large supply of goods to 
Trade among them, Whereupon his Excelly desired the Opinion of 
the Board what should be done to prevent the said Randon from 
proceeding in so Unlawful a Manner. 

The Board taking the Matters aforsaid into consideration Unani- 
mosly advised his Excelly, to acquaint the Indians therewith, and 
desire them to break up the said Settlement themselves and to pre^ 
vent any Trade being carried on there, as it would draw their People 
down too near the Settlements and Interfere with their Trade in 
the Nation. Then his Excellency read to the Board the substance 
of a Treaty which he had drawn up, as necessary to be Entered into 
with the Creek Nation, and desired the Opinion of the Board there- 
upon. And the Board having duly considered the several Stipulations 
and Agreements contain'd in the said Treaty, Unanimosly approv'd 
the same. His Excellency then laid before the Board a deed or In- 
strument of writing Signed by sundry Head Men and Chiefs of the 
Creek Nation conveying to Jonathan Bryan and his heirs a large 
Tract or Body of Land Situate in the Province of East Florida, and 
the same being read his Excellency directed Mr Attorny General 
to Consider of, and report his Opinion on the said Conveyance, and 
whether Mr Bryan is within the Act of Assembly, for having made 
the said Purchase of Land from the Indians. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah 24th Octr 
1774 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Bart. 

Honble 

James Edwd. Powell Henry Yonge 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

John Graham John Stuart 

Esqrs 

His Excellency Acquainted the Board that Peace being now Es- 
tablished between the Inhabitants of this Province and the Creek 
Indians, He had at the request of the said Indians agreed to permit 
Traders to carry goods among them as usual, Wherefore his Ex- 
cellency desired the Opinion of the Board Whether it will not be 



proper to Issue a Proclamation Notifying the said Peace being con- 
cluded, and requiring all his Majesty's Subjects in this Province 
henceforward to Treat the said Creek Indians in a kind and Friendly 
manner; and the better to prevent any further disputes with them, 
that none of his Majestys Subjects do presume upon any pretence 
whatever hereafter to settle any Stocks of horses or Cattle, or to 
hunt upon the Indians Lands. And also Notifying in the said Pro- 
clamation that his Excellency will now Grant Licences to such Per- 
sons as are properly Entituled to the same, to Trade with the said 
Creek Indians. His Excellency also proposed for the Consideration 
of the Board whether it would not be proper that he should also 
Issue a Proclamation Respecting the Ceded Lands, and that Copys 
thereof should be Transmitted to the different Provinces to the 
Northward as far as Pensilvania, And his Excellency laid before 
the Board draughts of such Proclamations which he had prepared, 
and the Board taking the same into consideration Unanimosly 
Approv'd the same. 

His Excellency then proposed the following Questions for the con- 
sideration of the Board respecting the future Regulation of the 
Indian Trade Vizt — 

First, whether the Lycences to be Granted in future should give 
the same Powers as formerly to the Persons Lycenced, to Trade 
by themselves their Agents or Servants, without Mentioning the 
Number or Names of such Substitutes or Servants, or, Whether the 
Names of the several Persons to be Employd as Substitutes should 
not be Endorsed on the Back of the Lycences. On which the Board 
was of opinion that the Names should be Endorsed. 

Whether the Penalty of the Bond to be given in future by the 
Traders which was formerly only one hundred Pounds Sterling 
should not be Enlarged, Whereupon the Board were of Opinion that 
the Penalty of the Bonds to be given by the Traders in future should 
be three hundred Pounds Sterling. 

His Excellency then desired the Opinion of the Board whether 
it would not be Improper to grant any General Lycences to the 
Traders in Future, and Whether the Lycences should not Confine 
the Traders to Particular Towns. Upon which the Board Unani- 
mosly advisd his Excelly to desire the Several Gentlemen at Augusta 
who are concerned in Carrying on the Indian Trade to agree among 
themselves upon a division of the Towns for which Each House is 
desirous of obtaining Licences, and if they will not agree upon an 
Equal division of the Towns, That Then his Excellency Grant ly- 
cences to them Severally for the Respective Towns they may apply 
for. 



At a Council held in the Council Chamber on Tuesday the 1st 
Novr 1774 

Present 
His Excelly Sir James Wright Bart 

Honble 

Noble Jones James Read 

James Mackay Henry Yonge 

John Graham Anthony Stokes 

James Edwd. Powell James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency Informed the Board That Moniack the Indian In- 
terpreter, who by Agreement made with him in April last to return 
with Emistisego to the Creek Nation and to Continue there, in or- 
der to Collect and Communicate such Intelligence from Time to Time 
respecting the disposition and Intentions of the Indians as should 
he in his power, Untill the differences with them could be setled, 
and for which Services his Excellency had promised to pay Him 
fifty pounds Sterling, and had now applied for it. His Excellency 
also Acquainted the Board that he had received an Account from 
Capt. Barnard Amounting to Fifty pounds five shillings Sterling 
the Expence which had Attended the Building of a Fort in the Town 
of Wrightsborough during the Late disturbances with the Indians, 
and desired the Opinion of the Board Whether the aforesaid sums 
should not be paid out of the Money provided by the General As- 
sembly for defraying the Expence Attending the Militia Building 
Forts &c. And the Board taking the said Accounts into Considera- 
tion Unanimosly advised his Excellency to direct the Treasurer to 
Pay the said Accots of the Money provided as aforesaid. 

Ordered That the Consideration of the following Petitions be 
postponed untill the first Tuesday in december next in order that 
the petitioners may have full time to Examine whether They or any 
of Them have had any Land granted them in lieu of any of the 
Warrants or Precepts by them delivered up and be thereby Enabled 
to Take the Oath Usually administred to petrs in the like Cases. 

Jonathan Bryan John Fox 

Edward Telfair John & Wm Fox 

John McLean William Fox 

Ordered That the Clerk do Inform the petitioners aforsaid with 
the foregoing Resolution, either by writing or in Person as soon as 
may be. 



At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah the Sixth 
deer 1774 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Bart. 

Honble 

James Habersham James Read 

James Edwd Powell Henry Yonge 

Clement Martin James Hume 

Lewis Johnston Esqrs 

Sundry petitions for Land which were postponed at the last meet- 
ing of the Board, in order to give the petitioners further Time to 
appear and prove their Respective rights to the Land petitioned for, 
were now read; And the petitioners not Attending tho' due Notice 
for their so doing had been given for one Month last past, the said 
Petitions were Rejected. 

Read the petitions of Luke Man, Hepworth Carter, and Thomas 
Morris, Severally praying that Lands might be granted Them within 
the Boundary of the Lands lately Ceded to his Majesty by the Creek 
and Cherokee Indians and lying between the Alatamaha and Oge- 
chee Rivers. 

And the Board taking the said Petitions into consideration, and 
having fully Informed themselves of the Quality and Situation of 
the lands petitioned for and finding by the Plan that the whole 
Cession between the aforsaid Rivers contains 674,000 Acres of Land 
31,000 Acres only of which is plantable the remaining 643,000 
Acres being pine Barren, fit only for feeding Stocks of Horses and 
Cattle, It was therefore the Opinion of the Board that as the Small 
Quantity of Plantable Land aforsd cannot Accomodate any Con- 
siderable Number of Setlers who may remove into this Province 
from other Parts, Therefore in order to Encourage the Encrease 
of Cattle and raising Stocks, that such lands being merely Range 
and not plantable might be disposed of to such Persons as already 
have setled in the Province without any Infraction of the General 
regulations for the Sale of the Ceded Lands, or any Impediment 

to the Settlement of the Province , And it was 

further the Opinion of the Board, that such of the said Lands as 
are of a good Quality and fit for Cultivation and Improvement by 
Setling Plantations thereon ought not to be sold to any Persons 
who are already Inhabitants of this Province; but only to such as 
may remove in here agreeable to the Terms setled and Mentioned 
in his Excellencys Proclamation: and therefore if the Lands petition- 
ed for by the said Man, Carter and Morris, are of the latter Quality 



they may be sold and granted to them; but if the same are fit for 
Setling Plantations upon that then the said Petitions should be re- 
jected as the Petitioners are already Inhabitants of this Province. 

The Petition of Moses Nunas Entered in the Minutes of Council 
of the 16th May last and postponed for the further Consideration 
of the Board, was this day again read, and the Board taking the 
same into consideration were Unanimosly of Opinion, that as it ap- 
pears that no deceit has been used by Nunas in obtaining a Grant 
of the Land Mentioned in his Petition, the Prosecution Commenced 
against him in Consequence of a presentmt. of the Grand Jury 
should cease, and Unanimously advised his Excellency to direct 
that a Nole Prosequi be granted to Nunas. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that he had been applied 
to, to Appoint Commissioners of the Road for the Parish of St 
Philip, in the Room of Isaac Ford, James Eastlake and Richard 
Burford, who have Removed out of that Parish. Whereupon it was 
Resolved That William Belcher, Thos Mills and Benjamin Laniere 
be appointed Commissioners of the Roads in said Parish in the 
Room of the said, Ford, Eastlake and Burford. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber on Tuesday the 3d 
Janry 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Bart. 

Honble 

Noble Jones Henry Yonge 

Lewis Johnston Anthony Stokes 

John Graham James Hume 

James Read 

Esqrs 

His Excellency laid before the Board sundry Accounts of Ex- 
pences Incurr'd on Account of the Congress lately held with the 
Creek and Cherokee Indians, Amounting in the whole to £1033 . . 
6 . . 1 Sterling, in part of which the Honble John Stuart Esqr his 
Majestys Superintendant has under taken to pay £455 . . 12 . . 10 
which leaves the sum of £577 . . 13 . . 3 unpaid, Whereupon his 
Excellency desired the Board would consider of the most proper 
Method for dischargeing the aforsaid Sum and give him their Opin- 
ion thereon at their next Meeting. 

His Excellency also laid before the Board an Order of his Majesty 
in Council dated at St. James the 19th October 1774 respecting the 
Non Exportation of Gunpowder or any sort of Arms or Ammunition 
from Great Britain without leave or Permission in that behalf first 
obtained from his Majesty or his Privy Council. Also a letter from 



the Right Honorable the Earl of Dartmouth Concerning the same, 
and desired the Opinion of the Board how he could most Effectually 
carry the said Order into Execution. 

His Excellency then addressed himself to the Board on the Sub- 
ject of the Unhappy differences Subsisting bet[w]een Great Britain 
and the Colonies, and after making some observations on the Pro- 
ceedings of the Congress held at Philadelphia and the General dis- 
position which appeared amongst the Inhabitants of this Province 
to Approve the same; desired the Board would seriously Consider, 
Whether it would be proper in the present Posture of Affairs to 
permit the General Assembly of this Province to meet on the 17th 
Instant Agreeable to Prorogation, or whether the Assembly should 
be further Prorogued, And added that as this is a Matter of Mo- 
ment, he desired the Board would Consider of it Untill Monday 
next when he Intended to meet them again in Council. 

His Excellency Informed the Board that he had received a letter 
from David Tait Esqr the Commissary in the Creek Nation Ac- 
quainting him that the People belonging to Tuskeege Town had not 
received their Proportion of the Presents ordered Them in June 1773, 
And desired their Opinion Whether it would not be necessary he 
should send up Presents to them in proportion to what the other 
Towns had received and that the Expence there of should be paid 
out of the Monies Arising by the Sale of the Ceded Lands; Which 
proposal the Board Unanimously Approvd. 

Read a petition of Thomas Brown and James Gordon praying 
a further Reserve of the Lands Ceded to his Majesty in Addition to 
the Lands Already Ordered them. And the Board taking the prayer 
of the said petition into Consideration were Unanimously of Opinion 
that the same should be rejected. 

Read a postponed petition of Wm Moss of Savannah Merchant 
praying that a Small Island of March [Marsh] opposite to Savan- 
nah may be granted him for the purpose of Erecting a Wharf and 
other Buildings thereon, Read also a Petition of James Mossman 
Respecting the said Island setting forth that it had a Communica- 
tion at Low Water with his plantation on Hutchison Island where- 
fore it would be very Injurious to him should it be granted to Mr 
Moss or any other Person for the purposes set forth in Mr Moss's 
Petition, Therefore praying that the said Island should be granted 
to him. The Board having duly considered the prayers of the said 
petitions It was Resolved that the same be rejected. 

Read a postponed petition of George Prissick setting forth that 
he had serv'd as Masters Mate in his Majestys Service during the 
late Warr in America, therefore prayed That 2000 Acres of Land 
may be granted him on Bounty Agreeable to His Majestys Royal 

8 



Proclamation, The Board taking the said petition into consideration, 
were divided in Opinion, as to the Quantity of Land a Masters Mate 
is Intituled to under his Majestys Proclamation, and therefore re- 
quested his Excellency would write to his Majesty's Secretary of 
State for an Explanation of that part of his Majestys Proclamation 
wch Respects Non Commission [e]d Officers. 

At a Council held in the Council at Savannah Tuesday 9 th. Janry 
1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Bart. 

Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Edwd Powell James Read 

Clement Martin Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board whether the 
Surveyor General should not be directed in the future Surveys on 
the Ceded lands, to Cause not less than two hundred Acres to be 
left Vacant betwixt the Tracts to be laid out, and the Board taking 
the same into Consideration, Advised that the Surveyor General 
should be ordered to give directions to his deputys Accordingly. 

The Presentments of the Grand Jury at last december Sessions 
were presented and read, but contained nothing which it is in the 
Power of this Board to redress. 

Mr Attorney General was directed to prepare the form of a proper 
Grant to be given the Purchasers of Ceded Lands, to be laid before 
the Board for Consideration, 

His Excellency then Addressed himself to the Board upon the sub- 
ject Matter proposd to them for their Consideration at the last 
Meeting respecting the unhappy differences still subsisting between 
Great Britain and Her Colonies, and desired the Opinion of the 
Board whether they now thought it would be proper and expedient 
to permit the General Assembly to Meet on the 17th Instant agree- 
able to Prorogation, or whether it would be more Elegeable to 
prorogue the Assembly to a further Time. Whereupon the Board 
Unanimously advised his Excellency to prorogue the General As- 
sembly untill a further time. 

His Excellency proposed to the Board that some Person or Per- 
sons should be Appointed to Examine Adjust and Settle the Ac- 
counts of all Merchants, Traders and others, haveing any Claim and 
demand on the Creek and Cherokee Indians, and Recommended 
Alexander Wylly and Andrew Robinson Esqrs for that purpose. 

9 



The Board taking the. same into consideration Approved of the 
above Gentlemen, and it was resolved that they should be paid 
at the Rate of One and a half percentum on the several Sums so 
adjusted and allowed, out of the Sales of the Ceded Lands, for 
their Trouble therein. 

Read a petition of William Manson, praying that 7100 Acres 
of the lands lately Ceded to his Majesty might be Granted to him 
upon Reserve for twelve Months. Whereupon it was the Opinion 
of the Board that no Reserve can be made, but that it may be 
recommended to the Commissioners, that they avoid allowing any 
Entrys for the said 7100 Acres of Land if they can Conveniently 
do so, Untill Accounts are received from Manson. 

Resolved that all future Surveys of Ceded Lands on Rivers and 
Navigable Creeks be run four Chains back for one Chain in front. 

Read a petition of Rebecca Lee and others praying that 45 Acres 
of Land heretofore ordered to Isaac Terrian deceased, may be 
granted them. 

Resolved that the said Petition be referred to Mr Attorney Gen- 
eral to Report his Opinion thereon what is proper to be done. 

At a Council held in the Council chamber at Savannah the 7th 
Febry 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 

Noble Jones James Read 

James Edwd Powell Henry Yonge 

Clement Martin Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

John Graham Esqrs 

Read a petition of George Walton Esqr Complainant, against Rob- 
ert Knox, Lessee of George Dresler for a Writ of Error. 

His Excellency thereupon observed upon the Nature of Writs of 
Error, and how and where they lie by different Acts of Parliament, 
and that there is no Act of Parliament, or Provincial Law, for al- 
lowing Writs of Error to the Governor and Council, but that by 
his Majestys fifty second Instruction to him, he is directed to Ad- 
mit of an Appeal to him and the Council from any of the Courts 
of Common Law, and that such Appeals may be petitioned for to 
be heard and determined by his Excellency and the Council, pro- 
Tided that the Sum or Value Appealed for is upwards of three hun- 
dred pounds Sterling. And the said Instruction being read and Con- 

10 



sidered, It was the Opinion of the Board That a Writ of Appeal 
be framed and Issued as nearly as possible Agreeable to the said 
Instruction. 

Read a petition of James Greirson setting forth that he had de- 
manded from John Ferret Reimbursement of the Moneys Expended 
by him in procureing an order for and Surveying 300 Acres of Land 
200 Acres of which was since ordered to the said Ferret, but that 
the said Ferret absolutely refused to repay him Notwithstanding 
the Order of the Honble Council Whereupon it was ordered that 
the Clerk do give notice in writing to the said Ferret, that unless 
he do forth comply with the former Order of Council respecting 
the land in dispute between him and Greirson, a grant of the land 
will be passed to Greirson. 

Also Resolved, That if Ferret do Comply with the Order of Coun- 
cil aforsaid. Then Greirson shall have a Warrant to survey 300 
Acres of land Elsewhere in lieu of the land ordered to Ferret. 

On a Caveat depending between George Galphin and James Gray 
respecting a Tract of Land in St Fauls Farish, and both Farties 
Attending and being heard, It was Ordered that the Several Tracts 
of Land granted or Claimed by Galphin and in dispute between the 
party's in the Farish aforsaid, be resurveyd by Edward Barnard 
Esqr and James Brown Surveyors Named by the said Galphin and 
Gray, and that they return the said resurveys and report to this 
Board within three Months, Whether the land Claimed by Gray was 
Vacant at the time it was ordered Gray, or Whether the same was 
under grant to Galphin or to any Ferson from whom he purchased 
It. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah the 10th 
Febry 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

Noble Jones James Read 

James Edwd Fowell Henry Yonge 

Lewis Johnston Anthony Stokes 

John Graham James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that by the Publick Fapers 
received in the last Facket from England it appeared that the 
House of Commons had addressed his Majesty in Answer to his 
speech to both Houses on the State of Resistance and disobedience 
to the Laws which had prevaild in the Frovince of the Massa- 
chusets Bay and of the unwarrantable Attempts in that and other 
Provinces to obstruct the Commerce of the Kingdom, and that his 

11 



Faithfull Commons will use every means in their Power to Assist 
his Majesty in Maintaining entire and inviolate the Supreme Au- 
thority of the Legislature of Great Britain, over all the dominions 
of his Crown, and his Excellency also added that from a letter he 
received from the Earl of Dartmouth and from Several private Let- 
ters, he was positively assured that the King Lords and Commons 
would all Unite and were fully determined to support maintain and 
enforce their Authority over all their Dominions in America; and 
his Excellency further observed that as he was apprehensive that 
the Commons House of Assembly would enter into Similer resolu- 
tions with some other Provinces to Adopt the proceedings and 
Association of the Continental Congress, and also confirm the reso- 
lution of a Provincial Congress lately held and unlawfully Assem- 
bled at Savannah which measures he thought would greatly In- 
jure the Interest and welfare of this Province, and might bring 
them under the same Predicament as some other of the Provinces 
to the Northward of us, by their Unlawfull Combinations. And 
therefore propos'd to the Board for their Consideration, whether 
it is not necessary and Expedient at this Time to prevent the Com- 
mons House Entering into such Proceedings by Adjourning them 
to a future day. 

And the Board having Maturely considered the several matters 
laid before them by his Excellency Unanimously Approved of his 
Excellency's Adjourning the General Assembly, Whereupon his Ex- 
cellency sent the following Message, by the Clerk, to the Commons 
House 
Mr Speaker and Gentlemen of the Commons House of Assembly, 

I do hereby Adjourn the Commons House of Assembly Untill 
Thursday the Ninth day of May next, then to Meet for the dispatch 
of Business. And it is Accordingly Adjourned Untill Tuesday the 
Ninth day of May next. 

Given under my hand at Savannah the tenth day of February 1775 

Ja: Wright 
To the Honble. Speaker and Members 

of the Commons House of Assembly 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah 21st. Feb- 
ruary 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Bart. 

Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Edwd Powell James Read 

Lewis Johnston Anthony Stokes 

Clement Martin James Hume 

Esqrs 
12 



His Excellency Informed the Board That the reason of his Call- 
ing them together this day was to lay before them sundry deposi- 
tions taken by Mr Chief Justice Stokes, Concerning a Riot which 
hapned on Wednesday Night last on the Wharf of Andrew Elton 
Wells, about a Quarter of a Mile from Town, in which James Adgar 
a Tide Waiter was Stripped Tarr'd and feathered, and one David 
Martin a Sailor belonging to his Majesty's Armed Schooner the St 
John was thrown into the Water and is Supposed to be drown'd. 
And eight hogsheads of Mallosses and Six hogsheads of French 
Sugars which had been seized the day before by the Collector of 
his Majesty's Customs for being landed without Entry or Payment 
of his Majesty's Duty's forcibly taken and Carried away: which 
several depositions being read his Excellency desired the Opinion of 
the Board Whether he should not Issue a Proclamation Offering a 
Reward for discovering the Persons concerned in the said riot and 
rescue, in order that they may be brought to Trial for the said Of- 
fences, and to deter Persons in future from Committing the like 
Crimes. Also his Majesty's Pardon to anyone Concerned who will 
discover and give Evidence against any other of the Offenders. 
After which his Excellency sent for Mr Thompson the Collector, who 
Attended Accordingly. His Excellency Asked him whether he had 
any Authority to pay a Reward to any Person who would give In- 
formation against the Person or Persons concerned in Assaulting 
the Waiter and Rescueing the Sugars and Mallosses aforsaid, upon 
Conviction of the Offender or Offenders; And being Answerd in the 
Negative, his Excellency and the Board recommended it to the Col- 
lector to offer a Reward of Fifty pounds Sterling, and to Acquaint 
the Commissioners of his Majesty's Customs that he had done so 
on the Recommendation of the Governor and Council. Whereupon 
Mr Thompson agreed to Offer a Reward of Fifty pounds for the 
purposes Aforsaid. 

Mr Robertson and Mr Wylly laid before the Board a State 
of James Greirsons Accounts against his Traders to the Creek 
and Cherokee Nations, which they had Examined and deducted 
therefrom every article which appeared to them, not to be goods, 
usually sent to those Nations to Trade amongst them; And also a 
State of the debts due by the said Indians to the respective Traders 
of the said Greirson Severally Sworn to, and which they had As- 
signed over to the said James Greirson; And the said Accounts be- 
ing carefully Examind by the Board his Excelly [requested] their 
Opinion thereon. 

Whereupon the Board were Unanimosly of Opinion, That as the 
Traders Expend part of the Goods which they Carry among the In- 
dians in presents to Head Men and others, and In purchasing pro- 



13 



visions during their Residence in the Indian Country, that there- 
fore a deduction of ten p[er] Centum should be made from the 
Merchts Accounts against the Traders for Indian Goods. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Tues- 
day 7th March 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 

James Habersham John Graham 

Noble Jones James Read 

James Mackay Anthony Stokes 

James Edwd Powell James Hume 
Clement Martin 

Esqrs 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that he had received An- 
swers to his Letters from the Governors of East and West Florida, 
respecting the Trade now opened and to be Carried on with the 
Indians; and also produced a Copy of the Instructions and regula- 
tions he had received from Patrick Tonyn Esqr Governor of East 
Florida which he had Adopted and setled for that Purpose, which 
was read and approvd of by the Board. 

His Excellency also Communicated to the Board a Letter which 
he lately received from John Thomas and Peter Shand Justices for 
the Parish of St George, Setting forth that the Business of that 
Parish being very Troublesome to them on Account of the few 
Acting Justices in that Parish, they found themselves under the 
necessity of requesting his Excellency to Appoint some additional 
Justices and recommended Stephen Smith and Joel Walker as 
proper Persons to be put in the Commission of the Peace being Men 
of Ability, and well attached to Government. 

Whereupon it was Resolved That Stephen Smith and Joel Walker 
be appointed Justices of the Peace to Act as such in and for the 
Parish of St George. 

Ordered, that the Clerk do deliver a Copy of the foregoing Reso- 
lution to Preston and Pryce the Clerks of the Crown and Pleas with 
whom the Commission of the Peace is lodged, in order that they 
may enter the Names of the said Stephen Smith & Joel Walker 
therein. 

His Excellency laid before, the Board an Affidavit of James Her- 
bert of St. Georges Parish respecting an Engagement entered into 
by a Number of Persons there, not to suffer any Writ or Process 
to be served against them; and also an Affidavit of James Barran 

14 



Marshals Bailiff to the same Purpose, and that he had been pre- 
ventd by them from serving several Writs he had Sent him by the 
Provost Marshall. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board a Carolina News Paper 
Published by Peter Timothy in which was Contained a Copy of the 
Association of a Provincial Congress held at Savannah in January 
last, which was read to the Board. Whereupon his Excellency de- 
sired the opinion of the Board, Whether it would not be necessary 
and proper for him to take due Notice of the same. 

The Board taking this Matter into Serious Consideration, were 
of Opinion that as this Copy of the Association sent to Charlestown 
for Publication, did not appear to be by Order of the Committee 
of the said Congress nor even Signed by their Clerk, No Notice 
should be taken at present respecting the Affair. 

Ordered, That the hearing of the Appeal of George Walton, 
agaist Robert Knox Lessee of George Dresler, which was to have 
come on this day, be further postponed 'till the 4th day of April 
next. 

An Account of John Nutt Esqr Merchant of London and Assignee 
of John Tinckler late of Augusta Merchant deceased for sundry 
Goods sent for Sale into the Creek and Cherokee Nations was this 
day Carefully examined by the Board and it appeared that the 
sum of Four thousand and forty five pounds eleven shillings and 
ten pence Current Money of Georgia is justly due to the said John 
Nutt as Assignee aforsaid and payable out of the Monies arising by 
the Sale of the Lands Ceded to his Majesty by the Creek and Chero- 
kee Indians. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah the 9th 
day of Marh. 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Bart. 

Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

Esgrs 

In Consequence of two Affidavits which were read at this Board 
at the last Meeting, respecting the Unlawfull Assembly of Several 
Persons in the Parish of St. George who opposed and prevented 
the Serving of Writs in that Parish, His Excellency Produced a 
Letter he had wrote to John Thomas and Peter Shand Justices in 

15 



the said Parish recommending it to them, all other Majestrates and 
such reputable Inhabitants as were well disposed to Order and 
Government to prevent as much as their Power such riotous and 
disorderly Meetings &c. in Future, which Letter the Board Unani- 
mously Approvd of. 

His Excellency then proposed to the Board that the Provost Mar- 
shall should be furnished with Bench Warrants and Immediately 
go and Apprehend Humphrys and one or two more of the Ring 
Leaders Concerned in the late Tumult in Order to bring them to 
Justice, which Measure the Board Approv'd of. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah the 21st 
March 1775. 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 
James Edwd Powell James Read 

Lewis Johnston Anthony Stokes 

John Graham James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency Signed Seven Grants for Lands sold being part 
of the Lands Ceded to his Majesty by the Creek and Cherokee In- 
dians. 

Stephen Smith Esqr of the Parish of St George who was Nominated 
a Justice of Peace for the said Parish on the 11th Instant, now 
Attended and was Qualified to Act by Taking the Usual Oaths. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a letter which he received 
from Henry Hunt Esqr respecting the Valuation of Sundry Tracts 
of the Ceded Lands heretofore ordered and surveyed for him. 

The Board having duly considered the purport of the said Letter 
and the proposals thereby made, were of Opinion that the Commis- 
sioners are the proper Persons for Ascertaining the Value of the 
said Lands, but as Mr Hunt Mentions the price set upon the Lands 
laid out for Harris, Coleman, and Downs, directions may be given 
to the Commissioners to have in View the Quality and Valuation 
of the Lands of the said Harris, Coleman and Downs at the Time 
they Value the Lands for Mr Hunt. 

Sundry Accounts were this day laid before the Board by Capt 
Edward Barnard for Houses Built and other Work done at Fort 
James and for Building a Stockade Fort at Hogeeche which were 
severally Read Examined and approv'd Amounting in the whole to 
One hundred and Eleven pounds thirteen shillings Current Money 
of Georgia. 

16 



At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Mon- 
day 27th March 1775. 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 
James Habersham James Read 

James Edwd Powell Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

John Graham 

Esgrs 

A Memorial of Sundry Merchants and Traders having demands 
against the Creek and Cherokee Indians and the Lands lately Ceded 
by them to his Majesty, was received and read in the words follow- 
ing viz 

To his Excellency, Sir James Wright Baronet, Captain General 
Governor and Commander in Chief in and Over his Majestys Pro- 
vince of Georgia, Chancellor Vice Admiral and Ordinary of the Same, 
And to the Members of his Majestys Honorable Council, 

The Memorial of Sundry of the Merchants and Traders having 
demands upon the Lands Ceded to his Majesty on the first day of 
June 1773 by the Creek and Cherokee Indians for the payment of 
their debts to the said Merchants and Traders. 

Humbly Sheweth, That your Memorialists truly Thankfull to 
your Excellency for the Indefatigable pains you have Taken, to 
promote the Means of their obtaining from the said Creek and 
Cherokee Indians that Justice and relief, which their Circumstancs 
required, from their having been many Years engaged in Carrying 
on a precarious and Expensive Trade to the Countries of the said 
Indians the Ballance of which they have found to be greatly against 
them. 

Have taken into their Serious Consideration the Numberless Ob- 
stacles that have already Accrued and which still present them- 
selves, to retard the Sale and Settlement of the Ceded Lands Agree- 
able to his Majestys directions, Your Excellency's Plan, and the Ex- 
pectations of your Memorialists; And your Memorialists from their 
Extreme Necessity of some Speedy and Substantial relief from the 
aforsaid Cession of Lands, to Enable them to Satisfy their Creditors 
both in this Country and Great Britain, beg Leave to make the fol- 
lowing proposals to your Excellency 

1st. That having good reason to believe that the Generality of 
People who have applied for the said Lands are either Unable or 
find it Inconvenient to Comply with the Terms of Payment, directed 
by your Excellency, your Memorialists propose, that you will be 

17 



pleased to Grant unto Each of them, so much of the said Lands, in 
Tracts not less than five thousand Acres, as may be Equal to the 
Respective Sums which shall appear due and owing to them upon 
the Liquidation of their Accompts, 

2nd. That the said Lands when Granted to your Memorialists 
as aforsaid be Valued According to the Quality, such Value to be 
Agreed upon between your Excellency and them. 

3dly. That in Consequence of Lands being Granted to your 
Memorialists they will engage to Settle or procure the Settlement 
of them as Speedily as they possibly Can, and to Comply with such 
Conditions as your Excellency shall be pleased to Stipulate with 
them for, "Within Five years from the date of the Grants. 

These proposals, your Memorialists Conceive, will put it in their 
power to make such Conditional Sales to Persons inclineable to be- 
come, purchasers and Setlers of those Lands, as may be Attended 
with an Immediate Advantage to Them, and at the same time easie 
to such Setlers. 

Should you Approve of and Comply with the request of your 
Memorialists, They Submit it to your Excellency and Honors, 
Whether the Views of Government will not be more Effectually 
Answered, as well as the Expectations and Necessities of your Me- 
morialists, by Permitting them as soon as possible to obtain War- 
rants of Survey for Lands in proportion to their Liquidated debts 
as aforsaid. In Consequence of their being possessed of Grants, they 
can Adopt and pursue the most eligeable Method of procuring Set- 
lers, and on Contracting with such Setlers, be Enabled immediately 
to Convey to them. 

14th.March 1775 Signed, Robert Gouedy 

Roger Kelsal for Self & Co George Baillie, Atty 

John Caldwell for Edward Keating 

Edward Wilkson & Co Andrew McLean for 

Robert Mackay & Co James Jackson & Co 

Wm. Goodgion, for David Holmes, for 

Martin Campbell & Son Spalding Holmes & Co 

James Greirson Roger Kelsal for 

George Galphin Spalding & Kelsal, 
John Jameison 

After which his Excellency made Several remarks and observa- 
tions to the Board on the Nature of the propositions and requests 
contained in the said Memorial, and desired the Gentlemen would 
Consider the same, and give him their Opinion at the next Meeting 
of the Board. 



18 



At a Meeting of the Council held in the Council Chamber at Sa- 
vannah 4th April 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 
James Habersham John Graham 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell Henry Yonge 

Clement Martin Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston 

Esqrs 

The Memorial of Sundry of the Merchants and Traders having 
demands against the Creek and Cherokee Indians and the Lands 
Ceded by them to his Majesty, which was postponed at the last Meet- 
ing of the Board for further Consideration, was again read. After 
which his Excellency Asked the Gentlemen; Whether they had fully 
Considered the Several Matters Contained in the said Memorial, 
and were ready to give their Opinions thereupon, and on the Sev- 
eral Questions proposed by Him, And being Answered in the Af- 
firmative, the Board Unanimosly gave their Opinions on the Several 
Matters as follows Vizt 

1st That the Commissioners Appointed or to be Appointed for 
that Purpose, do Value the Several Tracts of Land which may be 
laid out to the Memorialists respectively, at the same price or Value, 
and in the same Manner as has been Customary in Valuing such 
of the Ceded Lands as have been heretofore disposed of, such Valua- 
tion being Nevertheless Subject to Alteration by this Board. 

2nd That only three years be allowed for Setling the said Lands, 
and that the Memorialists respectively shall bring into this Pro- 
vince, and Settle so many Families on their respective Tracts of 
Land within one year, after the Lands shall be laid out as will be 
Sufficient to settle one third part of the same agreeable to the 
Tenor of his Excellency's Proclamation of the 24th of October 1774, 
and also shall bring in and settle the like Number of Persons with- 
in the Second Year and also the like Number of People within the 
third Year, so that the whole shall be Compleatly Setled agreeable 
to the Proclamation aforsaid within three years, And that such of 
the said Lands as are not so setled within the time Aforsaid, shall then 
revert to the Crown Subject nevertheless to the Claims of the Party's 
for such ballance as may remain due them respectively. 

3dly. That the Prayer of the Memorialists cannot be Granted 
or Recommended unless each and Every of the Claimants or Persons 
having demands as aforsaid do agree to take Lands for the whole of 
their demands. 

19 



4thly. That in order to defray the Expences of the Congress &ca 
on taking the Cession and other Expences Incurr'd and to be In- 
currd, Each of the Persons having demands as aforsaid shall pay 
into the hands of the Person Appointed to receive the Money's Aris- 
ing by the Sale of the Ceded Lands at the Rate of Ten pounds per 
Centum on their Respective demands and shall take Lands in pay- 
ment for the same, Subject to the same Conditions of Settlement 
as the Lands to be Granted them in payment of their debts; And 
that the said ten p[er] Cent shall be paid as follows Vizt. 

Five p[er] Centum at the Time of the Warrant Issuing to Survey 
the Lands for each Person, and the other five p[er] Cent within 
Six Months after that Time. 

5thly. In order to prevent any Inconveniencies to the Publick by 
not Complying with the Terms of Settlement, or otherwise, It is pro- 
posed that the Grants do not pass absolutely to the Partys them- 
selves, but that the same be granted to Trustees for the purposes 
aforsaid, and that they reconvey to the Crown all such part of the 
said Lands, as are not setled agreeable to the aforsaid Proclamation 
within Three years. 

And it was the Unanimous Advice and Opinion of the Board, that it 
will be for his Majesty's Service and the Interest of this Province if such 
Lands as may be Sufficient to Satisfy the Several demands thereupon be 
granted to the Several Party's on the Terms and Conditions above 
Mentioned and that if the Several Partys agree to the Terms afor- 
said that then his Excellency do Transmit a Copy of the said Me- 
morial and of the Proceedings thereupon to his Majesty's Secretary 
of State, and humbly request his Majesty's Royal Permission to 
Grant the said Lands on the Terms and Conditions above Specified. 
Whereupon his Excellency Ordered that the Attorny General do 
forthwith Prepare a Fiat for a Grant of Lands in Trust as aforsaid, 
and that the Memorialists have a Copy of the same, and of the above, 
that they may Give their Answer thereto without delay. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Tues- 
day the 2nd May 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 
Noble Jones John Graham 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston 

Esqrs 



20 



His Excellency Informed the Board that he had heard it was 
doubted Whether the Members of the Commons House of Assembly 
would meet agreeable to the late Adjournment; And then desired 
the Opinion of the Board, Whether it would not be proper for Him 
to Issue a Proclamation requiring their Attendance in General 
Assembly on Tuesday the Ninth Instant agreeable to Adjournment 
in order to proceed upon and finish the several Matters Recom- 
mended to them at their last Meeting. 

The Board taking this Matter into Consideration Unanimously 
Advised his Excellency to Issue his Proclamation requiring the At- 
tendance of the General Assembly Agreeable to Adjournmt. 

The Clerk laid before the Board sundry Accounts of demands 
against the Creek and Cherokee Indians which have been Examined 
by Mr Robertson and him and the proper deductions made there- 
from, and which Accounts were Afterwards reexamined by Mr 
Powell and Mr. Read. 

And the Board again Carefully Examining the said Accounts Re- 
solved as follows Vizt 

That there is due George Galphin for himself and sundry other 

Persons who have Assigned over their debts to him and Impow- 

ered him to receive the same the Sum of £9791 . . 15 . . 5 

To Robert and John Hannah 44 . . 10 . . 1 

Estate of James Cussins 275 . . 1 . . 1 

Job Wiggin 347 . . 1 ..7 

Stephen Forrester 149.. 0..9 

Estate of Lewis Surnam 179 . .10 . . 5 

Estate of Richard Strickland 50 . . 9 . . 1 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Tues- 
day the 11th May 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 

Noble Jones Henry Yonge 

James Edwd Powell James Read 

Lewis Johnston Anthony Stokes 



John Graham 



Esqrs 



His Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board, Whether he 
should not Immediately Prorogue the General Assembly of this 
Province as the Members of the Commons House have Neglected 
to Meet According to Adjournment, and his Excellency's late Pro- 
clamation requiring Their Attendance to proceed upon the Publick 

21 



Business. The Board taking the same into Consideration Unani- 
mously Advised his Excellency to Prorogue the General Assembly 
untill Tuesday the Seventh day of November next. 

The Clerk laid before the Board sundry Accounts of demands of 
Edward Keating agt the Creek and Cherokee Indians which have 
been Carefully Examined by Mr Robertson and him and the proper 
deductions made therefrom, and since re-examined by Mr Powell 
and Mr Read and approv'd by them. The Board taking the said Ac- 
counts under Consideration. 

It was the Unanimous opinion, that only two thirds of the Indians 
debts to him be Allow'd as they Amount to above one third more 
than other Merchants or Traders Accounts do upon an Average for 
goods supplied the Indians, And as the Trade with the Indians has 
always been represented as a losing Trade, therefore unless the 
Party's Claiming the same, shall produce better Evidence of their 
demands within Six Months, only two thirds is to be allow'd and that 
James Butlers and such other demands for which the said Keating 
has not produced any Assignment or power of Attorny to receive, 
be setled Separately, and the Ballances Entered as due to the re- 
spective Party's; and remain untill proper powers are produced, 
and that when any of the Party's are dead their Wills must be pro- 
duced, or letters of Administration taken out; And with respect to 
the Accounts not Vouched one third must be deducted as Usual, 
the deductions made by the Examiners not Amounting to one third 
part thereof. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Friday, 
the 12th. May 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 
James Habersham James Read 

Noble Jones Henry Yonge 

James Edwd Powell Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston 

Esqrs 

David Montaigut Esqr the Powder receiver Acquainted his Ex- 
cellency and the Board, that the Publick Magazine was broke open 
and robb'd last Night of the Powder remaining, all but about 500 
lb. which was not taken away. 

Whereupon his Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board, 
Whether or not a proclamation should be Issued Offering a Reward 
to any Person who would discover the Offender or Offenders And 

22 



the Board taking the Matter into Serious Consideration, Unani- 
mously Advised His Excellency to Issue his Proclamation Offering 
a Reward of One hundred and fifty pounds Sterling to any Person 
•who will give Information of the Person or Persons Concerned in 
the said Robbery to be paid upon Conviction of the Offender or 
Offenders. 

His Excellency then proposed to the Board that the Patrole be 
ordered to do duty in the Town of Savannah during this Time of 
publick disputes, in order to prevent as much as may be the Violent 
and unwarrantable behavior of Riotous and disaffected Persons to 
Government. To which the Board Unanimously agreed, and advised 
that the Patrol duty should be done while the present disturbances 
continue. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah the 22nd 
day of May 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 
James Habersham John Graham 

Noble Jones Anthony Stokes 

James Edwd Powell James Hume 

James Read 

Esqrs 

His Excellency laid before the Board a report from Mr Attorny 
General relating to the Information of Samuel Thomas, against 
Francis Lewis and others for Trading with the Creek Indians with- 
out Licence, and also on the Matter Stated in a letter from John 
Walton and John Howard Esqrs Recommending the Appointment 
of Justices and the Establishment of Inferior Courts within the 
Lands Ceded to his Majesty by the Indians. 

Resolved, That James Gordon Andrew Robertson John Douglas 
and William Downs be Justices of the Peace and Enabled to Act 
as such within that part of the Ceded Lands, Situate from the Mouth 
of Little River to the line on the North Fork, thence to the Line 
Tree on Savannah River; the Court to be held at Dartmouth. And 
that Samuel Harris, Henry Graybell, William Harris and James 
Harris be Justices and Qualified to Act as such within that part of 
the said Lands beginning at Ogeechee Fort and Extending from the 
line on the Southside of the North fork of Little River, to the line 
down Ogeechee, and along the Old Boundary line And that the 
Court be held at Ogeechee Fort. 



3S 



At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah the Sixth 
day of June 1775 

Present 

His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 

Nobles Jones John Graham 

James Mackay James Redd [Read] 

James Edwd Powell Henry Yonge 

Clement Martin Anthony Stokes & 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency Acquainted the Board that He had reason to be- 
lieve, a Considerable Quantity of Gunpowder, the property of Mer- 
chants here would soon Arrive here in some Ships which were soon 
Expected from London, and therefore desired their Opinion, whether 
it would be proper to have the same lodged in the Publick Maga- 
zine, Agreeable to the Act of the General Assembly, or Whether (as 
the Magazine has been lately Robbd and may again) the Persons 
to whom the Powder belongs may not be permitted to receive the 
same and keep it themselves. 

The Board taking this Matter into serious Consideration Were 
Unanimously of Opinion, that as Matters are at present Circum- 
stanced in this Province it will be Adviseable to permit the Mer- 
chants to receive their powder into their own Charge and Care, untill 
further Orders be given respecting the same. 

A Petition of Sundry Persons Inhabitants of the Parish of St 
George who were Charged with having Entered into an Association 
to Stop the Course of Law Proceedings, and on which Account Bench 

24 



Warrants had been Issued Against them and Several of Them taken 
Into Custody and Bound over to appear at the next Court of Ses- 
sions, was Read Setting forth that the Petitioners had been Unwarily 
Engaged in the said Association by some designing Men, that they 
had not considered the Unlawfulness of the Act, but were now Con- 
vinced of their Error and truly Sorry for what they had done, and 
therefore praying that his Excelly will order the proceedings of 
Court against them to be Stopt. 

The Board taking the said petition into Consideration, Unani- 
mously advised his Excellency to direct that a Nole Prosequi should 
be granted, and that all further proceedings against the said peti- 
tioners should be Stopped. 

His Excellency then Acquainted the Board that William White the 
Commander of a Vessell now in this Harbour had Informed him, 
that Several Persons had Called upon him that he must depart from 
this Province within Seven days, or abide by the Consequence which 
would Attend his Noncomplyance; his Excellency also Informed the 
Board that he had been Informed that Letters had been sent to Capt 
Law, and others to the above Effect, but not Signed by any Person — 
Whereupon his Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board what 
ought or could be done to Punish such Offenders, and to deter others 
from the like practices. 

Whereupon the Board Unanimously advised his Excellency, that 
the Matters Complained of be referred to Mr Chief Justice and Mr 
Attorney General for Consideration and such proceedings be had 
thereupon against the partys Complaind of as the Law will Warrant. 

Read the Applications of the Several Persons whose Names are 
after Mentioned, made to the Commissioners appointed to receive 
Applications for the Ceded Lands the following Warrants of Sur- 
vey were Ordered to be Issued Vizt 

Acres Acres 
To 

Nicholas Smith 100, Abner Segal 150 

Thomas Richard 100, Joel Sanders 100 

John Philson 200, Silas Pace - 100 

Ceaser Hoskin 300, William White 200 

Edward McGeary 100, Lewis Powell Junr 100 

Thomas Wadsworth 100, Jesse Tew [Pew?] —200 

James Germany 300, Henry Curl 500 



25 



At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Mon- 
day the 12th day of June 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

Clement Martin John Stuart 

Esqrs 

His Excellency and the Board resumed the further consideration of 
the Memorial of the Merchants and Traders having demands on the 
Creek and Cherokee Indians and Mr. Attorny General presented the 
form of a Grant which he had prepared, agreeable to Order, and 
the same being taken into Consideration, and some Alterations made, 
it was postponed for further Consideration. 

The following Accounts of demands against the Creek and Chero- 
kee Indians which have been Examined by Mr Robertson & Mr 
Wylly were this day presented to the Board, and the same being 
Carefully Re examined the following Sums were Allowed to be 
justly due and owing by the said Indians Vizt. 

Robert Mackay 

& Co £4681. .9. .10 

Williams & Mackay 2434. .13. .8 
Theophilus Ferryman 464..2..6 
Stephen Smith 107. .1.. 6 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Friday 
the 16th day of June 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell James Hume 

Lewis Johnston 

Esqrs 

The Clerk presented the following Accounts of demands against 
the Creek and Cherokee Indians which have been Examined by Mr 
Robertson and him, and every proper deduction made therefrom, 



26 



To 




Robert Goudy 


£940. .19 


Thomas Kelly 


45..14 


Henry Lucas 


14..6..4 


John Bench 


96. .10 


Joseph Cornell 


50..5..2 



and the same being Severally Carefully re examined by the Board, 

the following Sums were Allowed to be due Vizt 

To 



James Jackson & Co. £7791. .3 

Andrew McLean 

Admr of Daniel Grant 83. .0.. 8 



Samuel Candy 
William Burgess 
Christopher Smith 
Hallat & Hallat 
John Hallat 
Abraham Norman 
Tally, and Tapley 
Jno. Adam Tapley 
Francis Steeds 
Thomas Waters 



129..1..2 

4. .18. .10 
46..15..1 
79. .14. .9 
44..19 
33..10..2 
80. .11. .8 
102..9..2 
161..15..3 
1262. .17 



Nicholas Black 
Robert Anderson 
James Jervis 
Robert Ferguson 
Isaac Atwood 
Edward Keating 
John Tally 
Gray and Kidd 
John Payne 
Rae & Compy 
Rae Elbert & Co. 
Isaac Atwood 



£593. .14. .2 
715. .14. .10 
51. .6. .7 
46. .6. .11 
486. .10. .4 
3010. . 18. .1 
73. .9. .2 
54..1..10 
18. .10.. 4 
1272. .4. .7 
2688. .18. .6 
58. .10 



At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Tues- 
day the 4th July 17751 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell Anthony Stokes 

Clement Martin James Hume 

Lewis Johnston 

Esqrs 
Sundry Accounts for Contingencies were this day laid before the 
Board and the same was Audited and passed. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a letter which he received 
from Governor Tonyn of East Florida in Answer to a letter which 
he wrote him sometime since "desiring he would lend him one 
thousand pounds weight of Gun powder for the Use of this Pro- 
vince," wherein Governor Tonyn says, "He has not more than Eight 
hundred pounds weight in Store, for which reason he cannot spare any 
at present, but Adds that he expects a Store Ship will Soon Arrive 
there from England and then he will lend his Excellency as much 
as he can spare, he further says that the Merchants there are in 
daily Expectation of receiving a Quantity of powder from England, 
and to purchase as much as his Excellency may require. Whereupon 
his Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board, Whether he should 



1. The minutep of this eession are also in Allen T). Candler, ed., The Colonial 
Records of the State of Georgia (Atlanta, 1907), XII, 411-14. This account Is 
fnller. 



27 



write to GoTernor Tonyn to purchase any and what Quantity of 
Powder for the use of this Province, and how the same should be 
paid for. The Board taking the same into consideration Unanimously 
advised his Excellency to write to Governor Tonyn and request he 
will be pleased to Order five hundred pounds of Gunpowder to be 
bougt for the Use of this Province and to give a Certificate for the 
Cost of the same. 2 

An Affidavit of James Kitchen Esqr Collectors .... and also 
and Affidavit of Isaac Antrobus Comptroller for the Port of Sun- 
bury4 were Severally read Setting forth that they had Seized a Sloop 
from the West Indies for having on Board upwards of one hundred 
Cases of Jyn, that on the day following the seizure a Party of 
Armed Men Entered on Board the said Sloop and forcibly put the 
Officer who had possession of her on Shore, after which they Con- 
ducted the Vessell to Sea. 5 Whereupon his Excellency desired the 
Opinion of the Board what steps he should take to punish the Per- 
sons Concerned in the Rescue Aforsaid. And the Board taking 
the Several Matters set forth in the said Affidavits into Considera- 
tion were Unanimously of Opinion, That as the powers of Govern- 
ment are at present Totally Unhinged, that therefore prosecutions 
would be Useless, And recommended that his Excellency would Im- 
mediately Transmit Copys of the said Affidavits together with this 
Minute to Great Britain. 

George Baillie Esqr the Commissary General Attended and In- 
formed his Excellency and the Board, that a Number of Men were 
now removing the Cannons and other Stores belonging to his Majes- 
ty from the place where the same were Stored, Whereupon His Ex- 
cellency directed Mr Baillie to Acquaint them that the Kings Stores, 7 
and to forbid them at their Peril to remove any part of them, and 
if they Persisted therein, to take a list of the Persons Concerned. 

Mr Baillie withdrew, and having returned Acquainted his Excel- 
lency that he had delivered his Message but that the People still 
continue to remove the Cannon Carriages and shot, and that they 
told him when they were done, they would give him a list of their 
Names, and of what Stores they had taken. Whereupon his Excel- 
lency desired the Opinion of the Board what could be done to put 
a Stop to such Lawless Proceedings. And the Board taking the 
same into Consideration, were of Opinion, that as his Excellency has 



2. The foregoing two paragraphs are not contained in the minutes for this 
session. Hid. 

3. Reads "Collector of his Majesty's Customs for the Port of Sunbury. ' Hid., 

411. 

4. Reads "Comptroller and Searcher of his Majesty's Customs for the said 
Port." Ibid., 411-12. 

5. Details of affidavit not given, Ibid., 412. 

6. Reads "Cannon Carriages, Shot." Ibid. 

7. Reads "That the Guns and other Articles were the Kings Property. Iota. 

28 



no Force at all to preveut such daring and Unlawfull Proceedings 
nothing more can be done at present but to take Affidavits of the 
Matters aforsaid and to Transmit them to his Majesty's Secretary 
of State to be laid before his Majesty. 

A Letter from William Bennet a deputy Provost Marshal directed 
to Joseph Farley Esqr Acting Provost Marshall, also an Anonimus 
letter directed to said William Bennet were read, Whereby it Ap- 
pears that the said Bennet has been threatned with Punishment 
if he serves any Writ or process against any of the Persons Con- 
cerned in rescuing the Vessell and Cargoe lately seized at Sunbury 
or any other Process whatever. 

His Excellency also Acquainted the Board that he was a few days 
ago Informed by a Person of Credit that he lately had met with 
Mr Barnard Elliot of South Carolina, at a place Called Buck Creek 
in this Province, distant about Sixty Miles from Savannah, that he 
was Informed Elliot was a Captain in one of the Regiments now rais- 
ing in South Carolina, and that the said Elliot told him that he 
had Come into this province to Enlist Men for that Service, that he 
saw four Recruits which Mr. Elliot had Enlisted who wore ribbons 
in their Hatts of Blue and Orange Colours, that Mr Elliot further 
told the Informant that he was going up among the People Lately 
setled on the Lands Ceded to his Majesty where he expected to get 
a good many Men. 

The Informant further Acquainted his Excellency that he had 
lately seen a Commission from the General Committee in Charles- 
town Appointing three Persons to Superintend and regulate the 
Trade Carried on with the Creek Indians. And the Board taking 
these Several Matters into Serious Consideration Unanimously ad- 
vised his Excellency to Transmit a State of such Extraordinary pro- 
ceedings to his Majesty's Secretary of State to be laid before his 
Majesty. 

The Clerk of the Crown Attended with the presentments of the 
Grand Jury made at last June Sessions, and the same were received 
and read. 

The Board taking the same into Consideration were of Opinion 
that there is nothing therein Containd which this Board can remedy. 

His Excellency Acquainted the Board that he had been Informed 
by the Clerk of the Crown, that there Is not room in the Commission 
of the Peace to add the Names of any more Justices of the Peace 
should any be nominated- Whereupon the Board advised his Ex- 
cellency to give orders for preparing a New Commission. 

His Excellency Communicated to the Board a letter he received 
from David Tait Commissary in the Creek Nation Enclosing an In- 
formation agt. Balllie for having Carried on a Pernicious & Unlaw- 

29 



full Trade. Whereupon the Board Advised his Excellency to With- 
draw his license from said Bailly.s 

At a Council held at his Excellencys House in Savannah on Fri- 
day the 7th July 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 

Noble Jones Lewis Johnston 

James Edwd Powell James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency Communicated to the Board an Application which 
he this day received, dated in Provincial Congress the Seventh day 
of July 1775, Signed Archibald Bulloch President. 

Praying that his Excellency will be pleased to Appoint a day of 
Pasting and Prayer, to be observed throughout this Province, that 
a happy Reconciliation may soon take place between America and 
the Parent State, and that under the Auspicious Reign of his Ma- 
jesty and his descendants, both Countries may remain United, Vir- 
tuous, Free and happy untill Time shall be no More. 

Whereupon his Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board with 
respect to the said Application And the Board taking the same into 
Consideration, were Unanimously of Opinion; that tho' they cannot 
Consider the People now met in Congress to be Loyally or Constitu- 
tionally Assembled - yet as their request is Conceived in very duti- 
full and Loyal Terms; They Unanimously Advised his Excellency to 
Comply therewith. And his Excellency Appointed Wednesday the 
Nineteenth Instant as a day of Fasting and Prayer for the Purposes 
Mentioned in the Aforsaid Request. 

At a Council held at his Excellency's House in Savannah on Mon- 
day the 17th July 17759 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

Noble Jones James Read 

James Edwd Powell Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

John Graham 

Esqrs 
His Excellency Communicated to the Board an Address which he 



8. Foregoing four paragraphs not In minutes for this session. Thid.. 411-14. 

9. The minutes of this session have been published (Ibid., 414-19), which 
account is fuller than the above. Affidavit of Joshua Smith and opinion of the 
board not in this version. 

30 



received from the Provincial Congress whicli was read and is as 
follows Vizt 

To His Excellency, 
Sir James Wright Bart. 
Captain General and Governor in Chief in 
and over his Majesty's Province of Georgia, 
Chancellor and Vice Admiral of the same. 
May it please your Excellency 

We his Majestys dutiful and Loyal Subjects the delegates of this 
Province in Provincial Congress met, beg leave to Address your 
Excellency. 

In these very Critical and Alarming times the good People of this 
Province found Themselves under an Absolute necessity to take 
some measures for the Security and Preservation of their Liberties 
and every thing that is near and dear to them and they have Ac- 
cordingly Chosen a large Number of Persons to meet together at 
Savannah to consult on the Means to obtain redress under our many 
and very heavy Grievances, these being Accordingly met (to dis- 
tinguish from the Usual Representativesio) have Stiled themselves 
a Congress, and from the Number and Character of the Names which 
your Excellency may see in Our last Gazette, Your Excelly will be 
Convinced the Province never was more fully represented in any 
Assembly, tho' possibly this Measure never would have taken place, 
had we not from Several Successive Prorogations or Adjournments 
had too much reason to fear your Excellency had received very 
Strong Instructions not to suffer the Assembly to enter into any 
Measures to Secure the rights of America, or even to petition for 
Relief, unless in Terms which would have been giving up the rights, 
and fixing lasting disgrace on the Petitioners. 

Altho' there is no doubt but a great Majority of the Inhabitants 
of this Province, always look'd upon the Claim of the Parliament 
to take away the property of Americans as Illegal and Oppressive, 
yet from a Variety of causes, not unknown to your Excellency, this 
Province in the American Chain has hitherto been the defaulting 
link. We have now joynd with the other Provinces in the Continental 
Congress. We have sent a petition to his Majesty, Appointed Dele- 
gates to the American Congress, and Entered into such Resolutions, 
which we mean inviolably to adhere to, as will Convince the Friends 
and Foes of America, that we would not live Unworthy of the Name 
of Britons, or labour under the Suspicion of being unconcerned for 
the rights and Freedom of America. 

Extracts of some Letters which are Inserted in Parliamentary 
Proceedings, widely differ from what must appear to every unpre- 



10. Reads "Representatlon.'Vftid., 416. 

31 



judiced Person the real State of this Province. We are not Acquaint- 
ed with an Individual in Georgia, who looks upon the Claims of 
Parliament as just, and all Men Speak with abhorrence of the meas- 
ures made use of to enforce them; Our fellow Subjects who for- 
merly entered a dissent which we find was transmitted to the Min- 
ister in Terms that Bespeak the great pleasure it gave the Trans- 
mitter now generally say they never differed with America as to the 
reality of Grievances, but only in the Mode of obtaining redress. 

Tho' Candor must Allow these Mutilated Extracts laid before 
Parliament were probably rather destin'd by the Minister to Screen 
himself and justify his own Measures, than to give a just and true 
Account of what information he might have received, yet we cannot 
help observing the General Purport of these Letters, seem to have 
a much greater regard to the designs of the Minister than to give 
an Impartial Account of the Real State of things. Other Provinces 
no doubt if they find themselves mentioned in any part of them, 
will view them in what light they may think fit, but as to any preju- 
dical informations they may contain against many Person in this 
Province, while its not to be expected they will give up their Feel- 
ings as private Men, Your Excellency may be assured we shall al- 
ways pay due respect to his Majesty's representative, and shall with 
great pleasure acknowledge every Service your Excellency may here- 
after render to Great Britain and America, whose Interest we know, 
and whose Connections we wish to be forever inseparable. 

Your Excellency may be assur'd these are objects we have greatly 
at heart, and shall ever do what in us lies towards a reconciliation 
with our Parent State on Constitutional Principles, as well as en- 
deavour to preserve the Peace and good Order of this Province. 
By Order of the Congress 

Archibald Bulloch Presidt 

Whereupon his Excellency observed to the Board that the said 
Address Contained sundry Charges against him which he thought 
were without any just foundatn. And desired their Opinions whether 
the Charges against him in the said Address were Sufficiently found- 
ed or not And the Board taking the several Matters contained in the 
said Address respecting his Excellency into Consideration were 
Unanimously of Opinion that the Charge against his Excellency for 
not permitting the General Assembly to Sit, is not justly founded, 
for the following Reasons: 

For that the House did meet on the 17th day of January last when 
it was hoped the two Branches of the Legislature would have agreed 
to Petition his Majesty and the Parliament relative to the Unhappy 
disputes, between Great Britain and America, that Petitions were 
given in to the Lower House by Several Parishes for that purpose, 

32 



I 



That a Message was also sent by the Upper House to them on the 
Subject, and desiring a Conference, all which prov'd ineffectual, and 
that it was well known they meant to take up the Matter of the 
Resolves &ca. of the Continental Congress in September and October 
last, and there was great Reason to believe that those proceed- 
ings and the proceedings here in January last would have been 
Approvd of, which made it adviseable to Adjourn them at that time 
to the Ninth of May. And that for some days before the time to 
which the Assembly was last Adjourned, a report prevailed, which 
was generally Credited, that the Members of the Commons House 
did not intend to Meet, which induced his Excellency with the Advice 
of the Council to Issue a Proclamation requiring their Attendance; 
Notwithstanding which, the three first days there was not a suf- 
ficient Number of Members to make a House, and then they Ad- 
journed over from the Eleventh to the fifteenth, and it then be- 
ing generally understood that they did not Intend to make a House 
or to do Business, it was the Opinion and Advice of the Board that 
his Excellency should prorogue Them. 

His Excellency then read the Extracts of his several Letters to 
the Earl of Dartmouth respecting the State of Affairs in this 
Province as Published, dated the 25th July. 13th and 24th August, 
13th October, and 13th december 1774, and on Each Letter as it 
was read, desired the Opinion of the Board, Whether the Matters 
therein Mentioned were true or not, and whether he had Misrepre- 
sented any thing therein; 

And the Board duly considering the said Extracts and the several 
dates thereof, were Unanimously of Opinion, that the Accounts 
Transmitted by his Excellency respecting the State of Affairs, 
and the then disposition of the People of this Province, were founded 
on Facts, are True, and that no Misrepresentation appears therein. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Tues- 
day the 25th day of July 1775ii 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 

Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell Henry Yonge 

Clement Martin Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

Esqrs 



11. In the other version of the minntes of this session, only that portion 
relating to General Gage's letter is Included. Ibid., 420. 

33 



His Excellency Communicated to the Board a letter which he 
lately received from Mr Andrew McLean of Augusta, Acquainting 
him that the Creek Indians are in general much discontented at 
not being supplied with Gunpowder as Usual, and that he was very 
apprehensive, that when they come to know that the powder which 
was lately Imported into this Province for the Indian Trade is 
Stopt in Savannah Numbers of them will come down to know the 
reason of it's being Stopt. Whereupon his Excellency desired the 
Opinion of the Board what can be done in this Matter and how it 
would be possible to get a Supply of Powder for the Indians; the 
Board taking the same into Consideration, were of Opinion that 
it is not possible at present to get a Supply of Gunpowder at present 
for the Indians and Unanimously advised his Excellency to send 
a Talk to the Creek Indians, Acquainting them that there is very 
little Gunpowder in Savannah, and that the greatest part of what 
has come in, is Stopt by some People here on Account of a dif- 
ference between them and the People in England, but that more 
Ships are soon Expected, and he hopes they will bring Powder and 
if they do he will endeavour that they shall be Supplied by the 
Traders as Usual, and in the meantime all other goods will be Car- 
ried among them sufficient to supply them. 

The Board also recommended it to his Excellency to write to Mr 
Tait the Commissary in the Creek Nation to use his Utmost En- 
deavours to prevent any Number of the Creek Indians from Coming 
to Savannah in Case he should hear that any Intended to Come, 
and that he should Acquaint Governor Tonyn with the present State 
of Indian Affairs. His Excellency also Informed the Board that 
he had received an Order from General Gage to the Commanding 
Officer at St Augustine to send an hundred Soldiers with the 
proper Officers to Command them, from St Augustine to Savannah; 
And thereupon desired the Opinion of the Board, Whether as Mat- 
ters have been for sometime and are at present Circumstanced, 
he should send for the said Soldiers. The Board taking the Matter 
into Consideration were Unanimously of Opinion, as formerly, that 
one hundred Men are by no Means a Sufficient Number to Support 
Government, or reestablish Peace and good Order in this pro- 
vince, but on the Contrary so small a Number of Men most probably 
would Inflame the people and that they would be subject and 
Exposed to Insult and danger. 

His Excellency Acquainted the Board that he had been waited 
upon by the Reverend Mr Smith the Rector of this Parish, who 
Informed him that a Committee of five Persons from the provincial 
Congress had Called upon him on Saturday last and read a Paper 
to him sent from the Congress, Setting forth, That in Consequence 
of his having refused to preach a Sermon on Thursday the 20th 

34 



Instant agreeable to an order of the Continental Congress, he should 
not be permitted to preach in the Church of Savannah or Officiate 
as a Clergyman, and further added that the Committee to ring 
the Church Bells, as he would Answer the Contrary at his Peril; 
that in Consequence thereof the Bells were not rung nor the 
Church doors opened which prevented him from doing his duty. 
His Excellency thereupon desired the Opinion of the Board what 
can be done in this Matter. After sometime Mr Smith was sent 
for and Attended Accordingly, and produced sundry letters which 
had passed between him, and the Committee which were read, he 
also related some Conversations which had passed between them, 
and the Board taking the whole into Consideration Unanimously 
advised that Affidavits of these Extraordinary proceedings may be 
taken to fix the Facts, as the only Step that can be taken, all powers 
of Governmt. being obstructed. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Tues- 
day the 1st August 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

Noble Jones John Graham 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell Henry Yonge 

Clement Martin Anthony Stokes 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

Esqrs 

The Honorable John Graham Esqr receiver of the Monies Arising 
by the Sale of the Lands Ceded to his Majesty by the Creek and 
Cherokee Indians, laid before the Board an Account of the Sums 
received by him, and also an Account of the Application and Ex- 
penditure thereof, and of other Monies of his own advancd towards 
the payment of the demands of sundry Persons against the said 
Ceded Lands; which Accounts with the Vouchers being Carefully 
examined it appeared to the Board that Mr Graham has only re- 
ceived three thousand eight hundred eighty eight pounds eight 
shillings and eleven pence from the Sale of the said Lands, and 
that he has paid the sum of Four thousand four hundred and Sixty 
two pounds four Shillings and eleven pence by which he is now 
In Advance on that Account the Sum of five hundred and Seventy 
three pounds Sixteen shillings Lawfull Money of this Province 
Exclusive of his Charge of Commissions on the aforsaid Sum of 
£4462. .11. And the said Accounts were passed Accordingly, and 
Ordered to be Entered in the Book or Minutes Relative to the 
Proceedings on the Ceded Lands. 

35 



HiB Excellency Communicated to the Board a Letter which he 
received from John Stirk, late a Captain of one of the Town Com- 
panys of Militia, the Commd of which he resignd on the 28th Ulto. and 
requesting his Excellency will appoint him to the Command of 
the EbenEzar Company, and also to Appoint John Fieri a Lieut, 
and Jenkin Davis Ensign in the said Company which letter was 
read and is as follows vizt 

Savannah 29th July 1775 
Sir: 

The Men who belong to the fifth Company of Foot have often 
Solicited me to Command them, as their present Capt neither knows 
or ever Attempts to Train them in the Militia Art, and lately they 
understood that the Provincial Congress had resolved to recommend 
It to the different Company's to Elect their own Officers, if those 
Already appointed should be thought Incapable or Unfit; Not doubt- 
ing but that your Excellency would Confirm such Election by 
Granting Commissions, more especially as your Excellency has 
made frequent declarations of being Continually disposed to Serve 
the People of this Province. The People of that Company, therefore 
did Assemble and Elected me to be their Captain, John Fieri Lieut, 
and Jenkin Davis their Ensign, and directed me to Apply for Com- 
missions; from these considerations therefore I am Emboldned to 
Solicit your Excellency to Grant us Commissions. 

If it should be thought Necessary I, Affirm to your Excellency 
that the People will, Almost to a Man, back the Application; I 
have the Honor to be 

Your very humble Servant 
John Stirk 
To his Excellency, 

Sir James Wright Bart. 

Whereupon his Excellency Informed the Board that the present 
Officers are Jacob Myer Capt, John Wertch Lieut and the said John 
Fieri Ensign, and that he does not know of any Vacancy or Want 
of Officers in the said Company, nor has he received any Complaint 
against the said Capt or Lieut, other than in the above Letter and 
therefore he Considered this Application as very Singular, and 
desired the Opinion of the Board upon the Same and what Notice 
he should take thereof. 

The Board taking the said Letter into Consideration, observed 
that it is mentioned, that the Provincial Congress had resolved to 
recommend it to the different Companys to Elect Officers to Com- 
mand Them, if those Already Appointed should be thought Incapable 
or unfit, and this Application seems grounded on the said Resolu- 
tion of the Congress and therefore very Irregular and Improper, 
But if It was regular and Proper, yet they are Unanimously of 
Opinion that as no Complaint has been made against any of the 

86 



Present Officers of the Eben Ezar Company of Militia, His Ex- 
cellency Cannot Comply with Mr Stirks request. 

His Excellency then Acquainted the Board, that Mr William 
Stephens a Lieut and Mr William Johnston an Ensign in one of the 
Savannah Company's of Militia had waited upon him on Friday 
last, and Informed him that the Company to which they belong 
had been drawn out on that day, and that they were Asked whether 
they had, or, would assign an Association to abide by the orders 
and direction of the Continental and Provincial Congress, and that 
upon their Answering in the Negative, they were told that they 
would not be Allowed to Act any Longer in that Company as Of- 
ficers, and that then such of the Company as were present pro- 
ceeded to the Choice of other Officers in their Stead. Whereupon 
it was Ordered that the Clerk of the Council wait upon those Gentle- 
men and desire them to reduce the said Information into Writing 
and that the same be laid before the Board. 

At a Council held in the Council Chamber at Savannah on Tues- 
day 15th August 177512 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

Noble Jones Clement Martin 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd Powell Henry Yonge 

Lewis Johnston Anthony Stokes 

John Graham James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency laid before the Board an Application he received 
dated the 8th Instant signed by Several Persons Members of what 
they Call the Council of Safety which was read in the Words fol- 
lowing Vizt 

May it please your Excellency, 
Sir 

In times, like the present, when the powers of Government 
seem to be greatly relaxed and Legal Proceedings diverted from 
their Accustomed channel, it behoves every good Member of the 
Society, to Unite, i3 with his fellow Citizens for the preservation 
of Peace and good order, and the General protection and defence of 
the whole. Influenced Sir by Motives like these, and reflecting upon 
the present distracted and disorderly state of the Province, and 
fearfull of the Consequences which a continuance of such unhappy 



12. The minutes of this session have been published. Ibid., 421-37. The texts 
are almost identical, but the order of business is reported differently In the two 
accounts. 

13. Reads "write." IHd., 421. 

37 



times may produce, we beg leave to lay our Sentiments and 
this Application, before your Excellency; not doubting but that the 
Ordinary Modes and forms of Address will be forgot in the Contem- 
plation of the Important Ends proposed. 

We have been Informed Sir, that many of the Commissioned 
Officers in the Militia, are disagreeable to the People over whom 
they Command; and if this be true, we conceive that such Officers, 
in respect of the danger of the times, ought to be removed; as no 
set of Men could be Expected to fit under Banners, for which they 
had no good Opinion or respect. 

Probably it may Occur to your Excellency, that Delicacy alone 
should forbid the dismission of any Officer without regular Com- 
plaint and Legal Tryal, a proceedure which we think only to be 
Justified by Necessity, a principle which we would wish to Con- 
vince your Excellency should govern upon this Occasion. 

This is a Frontier Province, bordering upon the Indian and too 
near the Spanish Settlements both of which e'er long may be our 
declared Enemies. 

It is extensive, without Populous Habitation, and a dreadful! 
Enemy within its Bosom, and an Assault from Either of these might 
be an excitement to the others, and would reduce the Inhabitants 
to the Miserable Alternative, either of being Sacrificed or evacuating 
the Province; Hence we Conceive the Necessity of putting the pro- 
vince in the most secure State of defence possible; and to this End 
we think some Military regulations will greatly Contribute. 

The people throughout the Province desire to be Commanded 
by Officers of their own chusing, a measure which your Excellency 
has heretofore expres'd your Approbation of; and in the Name, 
and in the behalf of the People, we intreat that your Excellency 
will be pleased to grant Commissions to such Persons as they shall 
recommend to you. 

We beg leave to Assure your Excellency, that in this Application 
we exclude every the most distant Idea of an Attack upon the 
prerogatives of our most gracious Sovereign; It is grounded upon 
a mere principle of Necessity; upon Apprehensions of danger to 
the lives and properties of the Inhabitants of this Province. Nor 
do we mean to Impeach the Courage Conduct or Integrity of any 
Officer now in Commission having nothing to object against them 
but the Voice of the People. 

We are, Sir with the greatest respect, 
Your Excellencys most 
Obedient Servants 
Savannah 

8th August 1775 

38 



(Signed) 
George Walton William Ewen 

William Le Conte John Glen 

Francis H. Harris Samuel Elberti* 

William Young Basil Cowper 

George Houstoun Joseph Clay 

To his Excellency, Sir James Wright Baronet, Captain General, 
Governor &c of his Majesty's Province of Georgia. 

His Excellency observed to the Board that this Application ap- 
pears to him to be of a very extraordinary Nature and to have a 
dangerous Tendency, that the whole is founded on the resolution 
and direction of the Provincial Congress, That it seems Calculated, 
to wrest the Power and Command of the Militia from the Crown, 
and out of his hands and to Vest it in the Congress and Committees; 
As Signing the Association is the only Test, and not the characters 
and abilities of the Officers. And that all who sign the Association 
bind themselves to do whatever the Continental, or Provincial Con- 
gress may think proper to direct or Recommend, by which those 
people would have the Entire direction of the Militia; And he fur- 
ther observed that altho' the Executive powers of Government are 
relaxed, and wrested out of his hands, and exercised in a most 
Arbitrary and Tyranical Manner by Committees as they call them- 
selves yet it is these very people who now Apply, that have been 
the Cause of the whole, and who are now themselves Committing 
and Encourageing many Acts of Violence and oppression. That 
saying Several of the Militia Officers are disagreeable to the People 
is a mere pretence; for the only Test is Signing the Association as 
Appears by Several Letters from the Officers Objected to. That 
he sees no necessity for any reform in the Militia now, and if any 
thing should happen from Indians or domesticks, he thinks it will 
proceed intirely from their own Misconduct or Imprudence, and 
that these very people will bring it upon the Province. And if there 
was any real danger; he does not know better Men, than those 
objected to. It may have been thought proper and very right when 
a New regiment was forming, or a large Company divided into 
two Company's to permit the People to recommend Officers, but 
that is not the Case at present, and the well known reason of this 
Application is what he has before Mentioned. How farr it may be 
meant as an Attack on the Kings Prerogative, his Majesty will be 
the best Judge, when these Matters are Transmitted and laid before 
him; And that he is of Opinion, that it does not Appear to be the 
Voice of the People but the Voice of the Congress. Because he is 
Informed that the Men declared they had no objections to their 
Officers if they would sign the Association: And then his Excellency 



14. Reads 'J. Blbert." Ibid., 423. 

39 



desired the Opinion of the Board upon the said Application. After 
sometime the Board (Mr Chief Justice Excepted) Unanimously gave 
their Opinion and Advice as followsio 

We have Maturely considered the several papers laid before 
us this day by your Excellency one purporting to be an Application 
from Several Persons whose Names are thereunto Subscribed, who 
we apprehend are part of a Body of Men apppointed by the Pro- 
vincial Congress under the Title of a Council of Safety, others. Let- 
ters from Several of the Militia Officers. With respect to the Ap- 
plication made to your Excellency for appointing other Officers in 
lieu of those said to be disagreeable to the People, We cannot 
Avoid observing, that we agree with the Applicants, that the powers 
of Government are greatly relaxed, and we must add almost totally 
Annihilated in this Province, But cannot think the remedy pro- 
posed of Superseding Officers, who hold Commissions under his 
Excellency is an Adequate one, especially as no Charge of Miscon- 
duct is Alleged against those Gentlemen, and that they are to our 
Knowledge at least equally well Qualified to serve their Country 
as Officers of Militia as those said to be chosen by the People. 
It further appears, Clearly to us from the Letters to his Excellency 
from those Officers that the true reason for rejecting them was 
their refusing to sign a paper called an Association, which we Ap- 
prehend they could not sign consistently with their Allegiance 
to our Most Gracious Sovereign, as the Associates bind themselves 
by the most Solemn Ties, to Abide by, and Carry into Execution 
as farr as they can, whatever may be recommended by the Con- 
tinental, or Resolved on by the Provincial Convention; some of those 
Resolutions already Entered into being in our Opinion Inconsistant 
with that Allegiance. Upon the whole we Conceive the Tendency 
of the Application is to wrest the Command of the Militia out of 
the hands of Government, to lodge it in the Continental and Pro- 
vincial Congresses. We are therefore Unanimously of Opinion that 
the Commissions desired of his Excellency for those Gentlemen said 
to be Chosen by the People should not be granted. 

After which Mr Chief Justice Stokes gave his Opinion and Advice 
as follows.i8 

"I have Maturely considered Several Papers laid before the Board 
by your Excellency, one of them purporting to be an Application, 
from several Persons who I apprehend are part of a Body of Men 
In this Province Called a Council of Safety, the Intent of which 
application, is to obtain from his Excellency Commissions in the 
Militia, for several Persons who have been chosen Officers by the 
Companies of Militia in order to oust the Officers appointed by 



15. This sentence is not in the other version. /6<d., 429. 

16. This sentence Is not in the other version. Ihid., 430. 

40 



his Excellency, the other papers are letters to his Excellency from 
Several Militia officers (in the Room of whom others have been 
Elected) who do not think themselves displaced by such Illegal 
Elections. With respect to the application I do readily Agree with 
the Applicants, "That the powers of Government are greatly re- 
laxed, and Legal Proceedings diverted from their Accustomed Chan- 
nel, nay further that the powers of Government have in a great 
Measure wrested out of the hands of his Majesty's Officers, by 
Several Bodies of Men Unlawfully Convened; who are known by 
the Names of a Provincial Congress; a Council of Safety, and 
parochial Committees: and as if it was not thought Sufficient to 
overturn the Civil Establishment, the Rector of Christ Church 
hath been Silenced by the Authority of the Provincial Congress, 
for refusing to perform divine Service, on the day appointed to be 
kept as a Fast, by the People called the Continental Continental 
Isic] Congress, and if I am not misinformed a Layman has been 
appointed to Preach in Christ Church, by the Committee of Christ 
Church Parish, of which I apprehend some of the Members are 
Persons professing the Jewish Religion, and others Members of the 
Independent Meetings in Savannah. 

"If the State of this Province is distracted and disorderly, and 
if there is any prospect of an "Indian War, or an "Insurrection 
of the Negroes, the Applicants have themselves and their Coad- 
jutors to thank for it, by takeing into their hands the Powers of 
Government, Giving a loose to the Inferior orders of People, Fit- 
ting out an armed Vessell to Board a British Ship on the High 
Seas, and afterwards Seizing the Gunpowder on Board of Her, 
which was Intended for the Indian Trade; by which means the 
Indians will not have their Usual Quantity of Ammunition; a 
Circumstance that may greatly enrage them, and bring on an Indian 
Warr. 

I appprehend that the Officers of the Militia, Intended to be 
displaced, are Gentlemen of more distinction and better reputation, 
than those Elected by the People, and the Allegation "That they are 
disagreeable to the People they Command is founded on a pro- 
ceeding Notorious in the Province; the Provincial Congress entered 
into an Association and directed the same to be presented to the 
Inhabitants to be signed. By this Association the Subscribers thereto, 
"Associate to Endeavour to Carry into Execution, whatever may be 
recommended by the Continental Congress, or Resolved on by the 
Provincial Convention, and in all things to follow the Advice of 
the General Committee respecting the purposes (in the Association 
Mentioned)" the Preservation of Peace and good order, and the 
Safety of Individuals, and of Private Property." How farr Peace and 
good Good [sic'\ order, and the Safety of Individuals have been pre- 

41 



served, will appear from the Fate of Those who have undergone the 
Severe discipline of being Tarrd and Feathered, from the Threats 
of using others in the like Manner, and from other Enormites [sic] 
well known. The Officers intended to be displaced, have refused to 
Sign the Association, and therefore others have been Chosen in their 
Room out of those Men who have signed the Association "Whereby 
they engage to endeavour to Carry into Execution whatever may be 
recommended by the Continental Congress, and one of their Recom- 
mendations, is the Taking up Arms against his Majesty's Authority: 
I therefore consider the Association as a Test to distinguish those 
who are ready to take up Arms against his Majesty, from those 
who are not; to evince which it may be proper to observe that 
when I lately refused to Bail a Man who appeared to be inlisting 
recruits for the Carolina Service (as it is called) a Number of 
People broke open the Goal, and let out the Prisoner, and the next 
day he openly went about the Town of Savannah beating up for 
Recruits, I therefore apprehend that the only reason why the 
officers Intended to be displaced are said to be disagreeable to 
the People they Command "is that they are not willing to take up 
Arms against his Majesty, and upon the whole I am perswaded 
that the Application made to his Majesty nothwithstanding the 
Clumsey Artifice and Misrepresentation with which it is penned is 
intended to obtain from his Excellency Commissions fromiT Men 
who are ready to take up Arms against the King, whenever they 
are Called upon by their Leaders, and to give a Sanction to such 
Conduct. 

To say "that I advise his Excellency not to grant Commissions 
to Officers who are Elected by the People, in prejudice of Men 
whose only Crime, (in the Idea of the Applicants) is Loyalty to their 
Sovereign," would be almost an Affront to his Excellency, as he 
has already given his Opinion of the Application, and expressed 
his disapprobation of it. As in the course of my Office of Chief 
Justice, some things have come to my knowledge which the Gentle- 
men of the council may not be Acquainted with; I have presumed 
to give my Opinion Separately, with the reasons on which it Is 
ground'd And I flatter myself that his Excellency, and the Gentle- 
men of the Council, will pardon the Liberty I have taken. 

Anthony Stokes. 
After which It was ordered that the Clerk do write a a [sic] 
letter In Answer to the said application in the following words, 
Vlztis 



17. ReadB "for." Ihid., 433. 

18. This sentence and letter following are not in the other version of these 
minutes. Ibid., 421-37. 



42 



Gentlemen, 

I am directed by his Excellency the Governor to Acquaint 
you, that he laid your Application before his Majestys Council on 
Tuesday last, and that for many very Substantial reasons, he can- 
not comply with your request to Grant commissions to such Per- 
sons as the People may Elect, and recommend as Militia Officers. 
Savannah 17th. August 1775, 
To William Ewen Esqr and the other 
Gentlemen who signed the 
Application to the 
Governor the 8th Instant. 

Savannah 3d August 1775 
Sir 

Agreeable to your desire, We beg leave to Inform your 
Excellency, that on Friday the 28th Ulto, the Drum belonging to 
the first Company in the first Regiment of Foot Militia, was by 
order of the Commander Quintin Pooler Esqr, beat to Arms. Agree- 
able to our Duty as Commissioned Officers in the same, We re- 
paired to the usual place of Parade, and was there told by Mr 
Pooler "that he had Called out his Company by order of the Council 
of Safety, that the Men might Elect their Officers, and that no 
Person was Qualified for, or could hold a Command in that Com- 
pany, unless he had sign'd an Association entered into, by the 
Provincial Congress, and Subscribed by many of the Inhabitants 
of this Province." As it was known that we were not bo Qualified, 
William Jones and Peter Lavein were Recommended to the Men, 
and were by them Elected to Act in the Station to which we are 
Appointed, and Mr Pooler was continued their Captain. 

As we are no way Sensible of having misbehaved in any respect 
as Officers, shall therefore continue to look on ourselves as Lieu- 
tenant and Ensign to the said Company, and will always be ready 
as far as in our Power to do our duty as such We are 
Your Excellencys 

Most Obedt Servants, 
John Charles Lucena 
John B. Randall 

Sir, 

Mr Wylly having Informed us that It was your Excel- 
lencys pleasure that we Commit to writing, what we thought our 
Business personally to acquaint you, respecting our duty, hold- 
ing Commissions under your Excellency, as Lieut, and Ensign of 
the fourth Company of Militia under the Command of Capt. Stirk; 
Observing that the Company was ordered to Appear on the 28th 

43 



day of July last, as was our duty we repaired to the place of Pa- 
rade and after some few Manoevres, the Captain Informed the 
Company It was the direction of the Congress and Council of Safe- 
ty "that they the company Elect their Officers, and that those of- 
ficers, be Men, who had signd, or would sign the Association, he 
Informed them that for his part it was not convenient for him 
longer to remain in a Company in Town and Intended resigning 
his Commission, he being Elected Captain of a Company at Ebenezer, 
and Recommended the Lieut as a person proper to Succeed him 
in Command of that Company, also the Ensign to be raised to a 
more elevated post or Continued in his present Station; Being 
severally asked by the Captain and several of the Company Whether 
We had signed the Association, We Answered in the Negative, and 
being further asked whether we would sign it made no direct Answer 
yea or nay upon which the Company proceeded by Ballot to Elect 
other Officers, and a Number of Candidates appearing the Majority 
were in favour of Messrs John Martin, William Moore and William 
Evans, as Capt. first, and Second Lieutenants. This happening, and 
knowing the Captains Intention to resign his Commission, we 
thought it proper to Apprize your Excellency of it, least any re- 
flection might have fallen upon Us, had any duty been ordered, 
and we not have it in our power to Command the Men, as we from 
such measures only enjoyed an Ideal Authority and naturally con- 
cluding the Men would not be Commanded by any other Officers 
but those of their own Choosing. 

Thus Sir have we Stated the Facts as they happened; at the 
same time assuring your Excellency, that since we had the honor 
of holding your Commissions, we have not failed to do the duty's 
required therein. 

We are with Respect, 
Your Excellency's, 
Savannah 9th Augt 1775 Most Obedt Servts 

William Stephens 
William Johnston 

To His Excellency, 

Sir James Wright Bart. 

Sir 

Having the Honor to hold your Excellencys Commission as Cap- 
tain of the Light Infantry company of this Province, I think it my 
duty to lay before you some proceedings of the Men under my Com- 
mand on Friday last the 4th. Instant which was the Monthly Muster 
day. The Company being assembled, one of the Men produced a 
paper which he called an Association; he addressed me, and said 
that he was directed by the Congress, or Council of Safety, ( I do 

44 



not recollet which) to offer the same to me to approve of and 
Subscribe, my reply to this proposition was, that I declined sign- 
ing the Association, because it was contrary to my political Prin- 
ciples and that I was determined not to serve in a Military Capacity 
under any other Authority than that of the Kings representative, 
and that I held it as Incompatible, to be an Associate at the same 
time I bore your Excellencys Commission. I was then told that 
some of them had orders from the Congress or Council of Safety, 
in case of my refusal to become one of them, as they term'd it, 
to Elect a person of their own choice to supersede me in the Com- 
mand, and was further Informed that the few Men who joynd me 
in opinion, as well as myself, were no longer considered as a part 
of the Light Infantry Company; since which time the revolters 
as I stile them, have made choice of Mr Francis Harris to Com- 
mand them, as Captain, but under what Authority I do not know. 
I shall recruit my Company as fast as I can, in which I have 
made Considerable progress, 

I am very respectfully 
Savannah 10th Augt 1775 Sir 

Your Excellencys most Obedt Servt 
Thomas Nethercllft 

To his Excellency 

Sir James Wright Baronet. 
May it please 

Your Excellency, 

Agreeable to your desire I take the Liberty 
to inform you that on the Eleventh day of August, Instant the 
Eighth Company of Foot Militia under the Command of Captain 
George Walton being met agreeable to Summons, the Captain Ac- 
quainted the Company he had called them together by direction 
of the Council of Safety in order to approve of the present, or 
choose other officers Agreeable to themselves, which they accord- 
ingly did by ballot, and made choice of Mr Walton for their Cap- 
tain, Doctor David Brydie for their first Lieutenant and Mr Seth 
John Cuthbert for their second Lieutenant to the exclusion of Mr 
James Ross and myself who hold Commissions under your Excel- 
lency as Ensign and Lieutenant of that Company. 

the Men under Arms declared they could not make Choice of us 
as we had not entered into and signed the Association recommended 
by the Provincial Congress Notwithstanding the above Transaction 
Mr Ross and myself will continue to hold our Commissions unless 
your Excellency gives orders to the Contrary 
His Excellency, I am very Respectfully 

Governor Wright Your Excellencys Most Obedt Servt 

Savannah 14th August 1775 Jas. Robertson 

45 



After which his Excellency laid before the Board a letter he re- 
ceived from James Greerson Lieutenant Colonel of the Augusta 
Regiment dated the 6th August relating to some disturbances, 
which lately hapned there, with an Application made to him from 
the Committee to order out the Regiment of Militia to their Assist- 
ance. i» 

Upon which his Excellency observed that he thought Coll. Greir- 
son had Acted very properly and that he proposed in Answer to 
the said Letter, to direct him not to take Notice of any such ap- 
plications or to order out the Militia on any such occasion as men- 
tioned, without his Express direction, and that whenever his Ex- 
cellency shall receive proper Application and Information of any 
Matter that may be thought to require the Aid of the Militia, he shall 
consider of the same and give such orders thereupon as may appear 
proper and Necessary. Which the Board approv'd. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board a letter he received 
from Mrs Haven in Behalf of her Son Stephen Haven a Minor about 
Sixteen years of Age, who had received his Majesty's Sign Manuet 
to appoint him Naval Officer of this Province, and requesting to 
Appoint William Brown Esqr to act as Naval Officer during the 
Minority of her Son. Whereupon the Board Unanimously advised 
his Excellency to direct Mr Attorney General to prepare such Com- 
missions or Appointnts as20 

[Here the manuscript breaks off, as some pages are lost. The 
volume contains no proceedings between August 15, 1775 and 
October 31, 1775.] 

and Her Colonies, and we may possibly receive some Assistance, 
and be able to Support Government and good order again. 

At a Council held at his Excellency's House in Savannah on 
Tuesday the 31st Octr 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

James Edward Powell James Read 

Lewis Johnston Anthony Stokes 

John Graham James Hume 

Esqrs 

His Excellency Acquainted the Board that he had lately received 
several letters from Augusta and the back Settlements relating to 
the Situation of Affairs with the Indians, with some Talks from 
them and that in General they complain of the obstruction Given 



19. Col. Grierson'e letter is printed. Ibid., 434-35 

20. The foregoing paragraph la not In the other version of these minntes. 
Ibid., 421-37. 

46 



to their Trade, by not being supplied as Usual with Powder, Am- 
munition, and Trading goods as was repeatedly promised them, 
and agreed upon in October last, And his Excellency observed fully 
on the Conduct of the Congress, in obstructing the Usual Course 
of the Trade with the Indians, and the dangerous Consequences 
attending it; And Acquainted them, that as the whole Gunpowder 
and Ammunition was in the hands and power of the Committee 
People here, and as he had reason to believe that if some was not 
immediately sent to the Indians the Province might probably be 
Involved in a Warr with the Indians, he had sent for two of the 
Committee People as Private Persons, and Stated the whole Mat- 
ter to them in presence of Messrs Johnston and Graham two of his 
Majesty's Council, and that the said Persons said they were clearly 
of opinion, that the Trade with the Indians should be Immediately 
Opened and the Supply's go as usual, which was approv'd of by 
the Board. 

His Excellency also Acquainted the Board that he had received 
Information that a Party of the Inhabitants near Wrightsborough 
and the Ceded Lands had gone out against an Indian Town on the 
Oakmulgee River Called the Standing Peach Tree on Pretence that 
those Indians had Stolen some Horses from them, and declared that 
if they did not get Satisfaction, or restitution of their Horses from 
the Indians, they intended to take it by force, and would kill the 
Indians, if any opposition was given them. 

His Excellency observed on the great danger Attending a Step 
of this kind, and that as things are at present Circumstanced he 
does not see any thing in his power to do to prevent it, the Powers 
of Government being Unhinged and Usurped by Councils and Com- 
mittees of the People own Chusing. And the Board were Unanimous 
in Opinion that his Excellency could not do any thing in the case. 

At a Council held at His Excellencys House at Savannah the 
Seventh day of Novembr 1775 

Present 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet 
Honble 

James Mackay James Read 

James Edwd. Powell Henry Yonge 

Lewis Johnston James Hume 

John Graham 

Esqrs 

A Memorial of Sundry Persons having demands against the 
Creek and Cherokee Indians was received and read in the words 
following Vizt 

47 



Georgia 

To his Excellency, Sir James Wright Baronet, Governor and Com- 
mander in chief of his Majestys Province of Georgia. 

The Memorial of sundry Persons who have claims against the 
Lands Ceded by the Creek and Cherokee Indians, Sheweth, 

That your Memorialists having no prospect of receiving the re- 
spective sums due them from the Sale of the lands as at first ex- 
pected, by reason of the Slow Sale of them to Inhabitants coming 
into this Province as purchasers; would propose as follows — 

To take Lands within the said Cession to the Amount of their 
respective debts, to be Valued by Persons who shall be Sworn for 
that Purpose. 

That for the payment of the expences already Incurr'd in and 
about the Cession of the said Lands they are willing to take Lands 
to the Value of Ten p[er] Cent upon their debts for which they will 
make payment in a reasonable time, 

That grants shall be made out to the respective Claimants In 
Separate Tracts not Exceeding 5000 Acres in one Tract. 
And your Memorialists shall pray &ca. 

Samuel Elbert, for Rae's Elbert fe Company and Rae Whitfield & Co 
T. Netherclift for John Gordon & James Grierson 
Robert Mackay & Co. 
James Jackson & Co. 
John Graham, Attorney for John Nutt 
Spalding & Kelsal. 

The General Assembly being prorogued to meet on this 
[End of this Volume of the Manuscript.] 



48 



Book 2. 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Monday, the 6th Day of September, 1779. 

Present: 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor; 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor; 
The Honorable Lewis Johnstone, 

John Hume, 

Martin JoUie, 

James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 

Hisi Excellency represented to the Board, that it was necessary 
there should be a further Supply of Negroes to work at the Fortifi- 
cations of Savannah; and that it appearing several of Those formerly 
ordered to send Negroes for that Purpose, had omitted doing so; 
therefore recommended the Same to their Consideration, and pro- 
posed that an Order of Council should issue to those Persons, to en- 
force a further Supply. The Board having fully considered the 
Matter agreed unanimously that an Order should be Immediately 
Issued to that Effect, and a Summons to each Person, having charge, 
as Owners or otherwise, of the several Plantations from which Ne- 
groes had not been sent. 

And the Clerk was ordered to issue the Order and Summons ac- 
cording to the following Forms: 

Order of Council, 
Whereas the Negroes who have been employed on the public Works 
In and about the Town of Savannah, have not yet completed the 
Same: And whereas, it is absolutely necessary that the Fortifica- 

49 



tions in particular should immediately be put in Repair and Fin- 
ished: And whereas the several Persons undermentioned have neg- 
lected to send the Negroes formerly ordered, they are therefore 
hereby directed and required to send the Number of Negroes men- 
tioned [in] the underwritten List; who are to appear at the Barracks 
on Tuesday Morning the; 7th Instant at Sunrise, to follow the Orders 
of His Majesty's Chief Engineer for six working Days; and to bring 
with them Hoes, Axes, and Spades, also cooking Utensils; — which 
Work will be accepted in Liew of working on the Roads this Season. 
Provisions will be found them. 

Negroes 
Mrs. Morell, and the Executors of the Estate of John 30. 

Morell 
Nathaniel Hall 10. 

William Fox 5. 

John Fox 5. 

The Executors of Benjamin and George Fox 10. 

Mrs. Joseph Gibbons and Thomas Gibbons 25. 

Mrs. William Gibbons and Sons 25. 

William Strothers and William Jones 20. 

James Deveaux 20. 

Summons. 

Savannah, 6th September, 1779. 

You are hereby required forthwith to send thirty (and so on 

mutatis mutandis) working Negroes, at least two thirds Males, to 

work on the Fortifications for six working Days agreeable to an 

Order of Council, herewith shewn You. 

To Mrs. Morell and Executors of John Morell G. D. 

(and so on mutatis mutandis). A. C. C. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Wednesday the 8th Day of September, 1779. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Lewis Johnstone, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board, on the Exped- 
iency of declaring Martial Law, in the present Situation of Public 
Affairs, there being no Communication with the Country, and the 
Town blocked up by the Enemy, both by Sea and Land. 

The Board having maturely considered the Matter, were unani- 
mously of Opinion, that as the Powers consequent on declaring mar- 

50 



tlal Law could only respect the Militia within the Lines, who were 
already embodied and under Arms; and that as the Powers usually 
exercised in Time of Martial Law, were wholly in the Hands and 
Command of the General of His Majesty's Troops in this Province; 
they therefore thought for these Reasons, the declaring the Same, 
was unnecessary at this Time. 

His Excellency then thought proper to order the following Copy 
of a Letter, wrote by Him to the General commanding His Majesty's 
Troops In this Province, to be entered on the Minutes. 

Savannah, 10th September 1779. 
Sir, 

I have this Morning had a Conversation with the Gentlemen of 
the Council on the Situation of Affairs here, and we are all clearly 
of Opinion, that it is absolutely Necessary, and for His Majesty's 
Special Service, that Information be given Immediately to the Ad- 
miral or Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Ships in the West 
Indies of the French Fleet being at this Place; and also to Sir 
Henry Clinton and Admiral Arbuthnot, at New York: And as we 
are informed there is a Privateer at Sunbury under the Direction 
of Colonel Moore, which is ready for the Sea; and also a very good 
Vessel here, We are of Opinion that they ought to be Forthwith 
pressed into the King's Service to carry Intelligence as Above. And 
the Gentlemen of the Council desired me to acquaint Your Excellency 
of their Opinion, and that they apprehend Intelligence of this Im- 
portance, Ought not to depend on One Conveyance: It is not with 
Respect to Affairs in this Province, but to His Majesty's Service, 
and the General Cause of Great Britain. 

I am, &c J. W. 

P. S. A Copy of this is wrote for Capt. Henry, which is now 
sent to Your Excellency, and I request that it be forwarded to him 
the first opportunity. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, In Savannah, on 
Thursday, the 23d Day of September, 1779. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnstone, 
Martin JoUie, Esquires. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that Mr. McCulloh, the 
Collector of the Customs, had waited upon Him, and represented to 
Him: That he had received upwards of £400 for Duties due to His 
Majesty; That he did not think it safe to keep so large a Sum by 

51 



him, at this particular Juncture, and therefore had requested the 
Liberty of issuing it in Payment, of Money then due to His Majesty's 
Provincial Troops, to whom he is Paymaster; and that he might 
be allowed, to place the amount in Bills of Exchange, on the Pay- 
master at New York, in the Hands of such Persons as to His Ex- 
cellency should seem proper. 

The Board having maturely considered the Matter unanimously 
approved of what Mr. McCulloh requested and advised that Bills 
should be taken for such Monies as he may be answerable for as 
Collector; and that the Bills should be drawn as proposed, in equal 
Sums, payable to His Excellency the Governor, and the Honorable 
John Graham, Esq. Lt. Govr. the Honble Lewis Johnstone and Mar- 
tin JoUie, Esquires, and delivered to them respectively. 

Ordered the Clerk to send an Extract of this Minute to Mr. Mc- 
Culloh. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on Fri- 
day, the 22d Day of October, 1779.1 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 
James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 

His Excellency observed to the Board, that He considered the 
late Deliverance and Preservation of this Town, Garrison, and In- 
habitants, from the formidable combined Force of French and Rebel 
Enemies who came against us, as an act of divine Providence, and 
therefore desired the Opinion of the Board, Whether it be not proper 
to appoint a Day of Public Thanksgiving on that Occasion; which 
the Board unanimously approved of, and advised His Excellency, 
that a Day of Public Thanksgiving be appointed for that purpose. 

And Friday the 29 th Instant was ordered accordingly, for a Day 
of public and General Thanksgiving; the Clerk to notify the Secre- 
tary to prepare a Proclamation to that Effect. 

His Excellency then acquainted the Board that He had been in- 
formed, that several persons who on the Reduction of this province 
In December last, and who were before in Rebellion, then surren- 
dered themselves to Colonel Campbell, took the Oaths of Allegiance, 
and obtained Protection, had since taken up arms against His 
Majesty and been guilty of other Treasonable Practices; and there- 



1. The minutes of this session have been published in Allen D. Candler, ed., 
The Colonial Records of the State of Georgia (Atlanta, 1907), XII, 449-51. The 
texts are almost identical. 

52 



upon desired the opinion of the Board what Method should be taken 
to punish and make Examples of such Offenders; And proposed for 
the Consideration of the Board whether Depositions should not be 
forthwith taken, and Prosecutions commenced against all such Of- 
fenders: Which the Board unanimously approved of and advised 
should be done. 

His Excellency further informed the Board, That several of the 
Inhabitants, who were absent, previous to the late Investiture of the 
Town, tho' their Residence is near it, were now, after the Defeat and 
Retreat of the Enemy, coming into Town; as were also Inhabitants and 
other persons residing at a greater Distance, but under the Cir- 
cumstance of being absent at that particular Period: On which con- 
duct He2 proposed that all such Persons without Distinction should 
be examined upon Interrogatories before the Attorney General, or 
some other Magistrate, to discover, whether they had aided or as- 
sisted the Enemy during the Siege; that any suspected of Rebellion, 
or other Treasonable Practices should be committed to Prison, in 
order to be brought to Trial; or bound over to their Good Behavior, 
themselves in £100 and Two Securities in £50 each; And that all 
such Persons should take the oaths of allegiance &c and Sign the 
Tests, on which they may be allowed to go at large. 

Which Matters the Board taking into Consideration unanimously 
approved of, and advised to be done. 

It was then proposed that Mr. Isaac Baillou should be put into the 
Commission for keeping His Majesty's Peace, in the parish of Christ 
Church, which was agreed to, and ordered accordingly. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Monday, the 25th Day of October, 1779.3 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 
James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 

His Excellency ordered the following Petition received by Him, 
to be read, and desired the Opinion of the Board thereon: 

To His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor and 
Commander in Chief of His Majesty's Province of Georgia. 

The Petition of sundry Inhabitants of Savannah, [an]d4 Parish 
of Christ Church, humbly sheweth, [tha]t a Number of Slaves ap- 



2. Foregoing four words not In other version, rbid., 450. 

3. The minutes of this session have been published. Ibid., 451-52. The texta 
are almost Identical. 

4. Corner of manuscript torn off and parts of words missing. 

53 



pear In Arms and behave [wl]th great Insolence, joined by some 
white persons who [do no]t appear to act under any legal Au- 
thority, commit great Outrages and plunder in and about the Town. 
Your Petitioners thinking it unnecessary to point out the dreadful 
Evils that must arise, if such Proceedings are not checked, without 
the least Loss of Time, and convinced that the Consequences must 
be obvious to every Person of Thought and Property, humbly pray, 
That all Slaves may be immediately disarmed, and no white person 
be suffered to trouble or molest any other without legal Authority. 

And Your Petitioners as in Duty bound will ever pray. 
23d October, 1779. 

J. J, Zubly. Benjamin Farley. 

James Mossman. Ja. Buchanan. 

Th. Gibbons. Thomas Tallemache. 

James Graham. I. Baillou. 

Philip Moore. George Fox. 

R. W. Powell. Wm. Ross. 

Alex. Wylly. Jo. Murray.o 

John Wallace. Wm. R. Kelsall. 

Owen Owens. Wm. Jones. 

The Board having maturely considered the Petition unanimously 
advised His Excellency to send a Copy of it, to the General, in Order 
that He may give such Satisfaction to the Petitioners as to Him shall 
seem proper: Which was ordered accordingly. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah on Wed- 
nesday the 27th Day of October, 1779.6 

Present, 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 

James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 
His Excellency informed the Board that three Negroes belonging 
to Mr. William Fox7 had got the Small Pox, and were then at 
Bowen's plantation; that He had examined the Small Pox Act, and 
found the 6th Clause thereof, directs "that the Master of a planta- 
tion, where this Disease may break out shall notify the Same, by 
fixing in the Public Road nearest to the Plantation, an Advertise- 
ment signifying that the Small pox is at such Plantation; and fix 
a white Cloth at the Gate or Entrance to the Plantation; and an- 



5. Reads "Js. Murray ; Wm. Kelsall." Ibid., 452 

6. Minutes of this session have been published. Ihid., 453-94. The texts are 
almost Identical. 

7. Reads "a Mr. Fox." Fbid., 4B3. 

54 



other Advertisement at the Church or Chapel nearest; on pain of 
forfeiting £10 Sterling for each Neglect." 

The Board having considered the Matter, unanimously advised 
that the Clerks should be ordered to write to the Owner of said 
Plantation, acquainting him or her with the Above, and ordering 
that strict Attention be paid to the Clause aforesaid on the Penalty 
therein mentioned. And the same was ordered accordingly. 

His Excellency then acquainted the Board He had received In- 
formation, that as soon as the French were gone from the Coast, 
the Carolinians intended sending some Gallies or Armed Vessels 
thro' Augustine Creek, and along the Rivers as far as Sunbury, 
in Order to plunder, and carry off Negroes, &c. 

On mature Consideration of the Same, the Board unanimously 
advised His Excellency to write to Capt. Henry commanding Hia 
Majesty's Naval Force here, to know what Assistance he could give 
to counteract any Attack that may be made or attempted by the 
Rebells. 

The Honorable Anthony Stokes, Esquire, proposed Mr. David 
Montaigut to be put into the Commission for keeping His Majesty's 
peace in the Parish of Christ Church; which was approved of, and 
ordered accordingly. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, on Friday, the 29th 
Day of October, 1779.9 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 

James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 
His Excellency laid before the Board a petition received by Him, 
as follows, on which He desired their opinion. 

Georgia. To His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor 
and Commander in Chief, in and over the Province of 
Georgia, and Vice Admiral of the Same, and the Hon- 
orable the Council of the said Province. 
The Humble Petition of Abigail Minis of Savannah, in the said 
Province, widow, and her Daughters, Leah, Hester, Judy, Hannah, 
and Sarah Minis. 
Sheweth, 

That your Petitioner Abigail Minis is seized and possessed In her 



8. Reads "Clerk or ABslBtant Clerk of the Coancll, should write." Ibid. 

9. The minutes of this session have been publlsbed. Ibid., 454-5«. The texts 
•re almost identical. 

66 



own Right of a small Plantation near the Town of Savannah, and 
of a House in said Town, some Negroes and other personal Prop- 
erty. And your other Petitioners are seized and possessed of some 
Lots of land and Premisses in said Town, and Personal Property. 

That some prosecution of late has been entered against your 
Petitioners, are desirous the same may be withdrawn, and be per- 
mitted to go to Charles Town South Carolina, to reside for some- 
time, and that they may carry with them this personal property. 

That your Petitioners desire Permission to appoint one or more 
Attorneys or attorney to rent out or otherwise manage their Said 
Real property in Georgia for their sole Use and Benefit. 

That Your Petitioners hope by Means of removing to Charles 
Town the same will not be deemed or looked upon as a Forfeiture 
of any Part of their said Real Property. 

Your Petitioners therefore most humbly pray Your Excellency, 
and Your Honorable Board, will be pleased to grant them the several 
Matters stated and set forth, in this their Petition, and that You 
will be further pleased to grant or Order, a proper Vessel to convey 
them and their personal Property, with a Flag by Water to Charles 
Town. 

And your Petitioners as in Duty bound will ever pray. 

Abigail Minis. 
Leah Minis. 
Esther Minis. 
Judy Minis. 
Anna Minis. 
Sally Minis. 

The Council having maturely considered the said Petition advised 
unanimously, that with the Consent of the Attorney General, the 
Petitioners may be permitted to go to Charleston there to remain 
untill the Rebellion is over, and may carry with them such personal 
Property as they can make appear to be Bona Fide their own: That 
they may appoint any Person or persons, who have taken the Oaths 
and are well affected to Government as their Attorney or Attor-. 
neys, for looking after their Real Property while absent: That such 
Removal to Charlestown will not work a Forfeiture of the same: 
That they must provide a Vessel to carry them to Charlestown at 
their own Expence: That this Matter be referred to the Attorney 
General, to agree to the Same, if he has no Objection in Point of 
Law, or in the Execution of his Duty: And that they may have a 
Flag of Truce to enable them to depart from this Province. And 
the Clerk was ordered to copy this Minute & the petition referred 
to for the Attorney General. 

56 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Saturday the 30th Day of October, 1779.10 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnstone, 
Martin Jollie, 
James Wright, Junior, Esquires. n 

His Excellency represented to the Board, that Great Complaints 
were made of the present high Price of Merchandize and the Articles 
of Provision; and proposed that the same should be inquired into, 
that Redress in the Premisses should be given as far as possible. 

The Board having taken the same into Consideration unanimously 
advised that the Prices of Beef, Pork, Bread, Flour, Butter, Mer- 
chantable Rice, Rough Rice, Indian Corn, Rum, Wine, and Lumber, 
be settled in a just and equitable Manner; and proposed the Revd. 
Mr. Edward Jenkins, 12 Mr. Porteus, Mr. Paumier, Mr. Mossman, Mr. 
John Simpson, Mr. McCuUoh, Coll. Mulryne, and Mr. James Graham, 
as Persons fully competent to the Performance of this Business, and 
against whom no Objection would lay. Also that a Proclamation 
be issued as soon as possible, declaring the Prices of the articles 
aforesaid according to the Determination of the Said Gentlemen, 
if the Same shall be approved of: And at the same Time that the 
Proclamation strictly enjoin all Merchants and others to sell such 
Goods as are not above mentioned, at just and reasonable Rates: 
And that all who extort or demand Exhorbitant Prices for such 
Goods, will do it at the Peril of being prosecuted to the utmost Rigor 
of the Law: And to this End all Persons whatever, who shall pur- 
chase any Goods, 13 and may think themselves aggrieved should be 
requested to lodge an Information with the Attorney General. Or- 
dered that the aforementioned Gentlemen be requested to act ac- 
cordingly, and with all convenient Expedition. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the following State 
or Representation for their mature Consideration: That by His Com- 
mission He is authorised to call an Assembly of the Freeholders in 
Order to join in the making of Laws and Ordinances for the better 
Government of the Province, &c: That by His 12th Instruction, He 
is empowered to issue Writs in the King's Name directed to the 
Provost Marshal, or other proper Officer in the several Towns and 



10. MinntPS of this session have been published. Ibid., 457-60. The texts are 
almost identical. 

11. .Tohn Hume listed among those present, md., 457. 

12. Reads "the Reverend Mr. Jenkins," Ibid. 

13. Foregoing five words not in other version. Ibid.. 458. 

57 



Districts, requiring them to summon the Freeholders in the said 
Towns and Districtsi4 to meet at some convenient Place within the 
Same, to choose and elect such Persons as shall be thought proper 
by the Majority of the said Freeholders to be their Representative 
in a General Assembly to be held at such Time and Place, as He 
with the Advice of the Council shall judge proper and convenient for 
the King's Service, and for the Convenience of the Inhabitants: That 
the 13th Instruction directs, that the Assembly shall consist of 19 
Representatives: viz. 4 by the Freeholders of Savannah including 
the Villages of Highgate and Hamstead, and the Settlementsis 
on the East and West of the Town; 1 by the Freeholders of Vernon- 
burg; 1 by the Freeholders of Acton; 1 by the Freeholders of Aber- 
corn and Goshen; 3 by the Freeholders of Ebenezer; 1 by the Free- 
holders of Halifax; 2 by the Freeholders of Augusta; 2 by the Free- 
holders of Great and Little Ogeechee; 1 by the Freeholders of Med- 
way River; 1 by the Freeholders of Darien; 1 by the Freeholders 
of Frederica; and 1 by the Freeholders of the Islands of Skidoway, 
Willington, Tybee, and Green Island: That in Governor Ellis's Time 
by Leave from Home the Number was increased He thinks to 24 
or 25 and so stood when He came: That after the Extension of the 
Province from the River Alatamaha to St. Mary's, which was by 
Law declared to contain 4 new Parishes; He wrote for Leave to 
issue Writs for Members to represent them, and was permitted to 
do so, for 1 in each Parish, so that the last Assembly consisted of 
28 or 29 Members: That He had examined the Election Acts the 1st 
Section of which directs the Manner of issuing Writs; the 2d the 
Qualification of the Voters; the 3d is to prevent Frauds in Elections; 
the 4th when Votes are to be taken; the 5th what persons are quali- 
fied to serve in Assembly; is the 6th how Vacancies are to be filled 
up, the 7th what Oaths the Provost Marshal may administer to Per- 
sons offering to vote; the 8th the provost Marshal not to return 
himself; the 9th no Force or overawing on the Day of Election; the 
10th no Process to be executed, &c; the 11th declares that this Act 
shall not take away any Privilege any General Assembly before had, 
&c: That He thinks this Law only directs the Mode of Election and 
Qualifications of the Electors and Elected: That the Powers depend 
intirely on His Commission and Instructions; and He well remem- 
bers that this Law was only made in Aid of those; but proposed 
that it should be looked into more at large: And that on this State 
of the Matter He would put the following Queries for the Consid- 
eration and Report of the Chief Justice and Attorney General, viz: 



14. Foregoing twelve ■words not In other version. Ibid. 

15. Reads "Settlements on the River to the East and West of the Town." 
Ittid. 

16. 5th section not In other version. Ibid., 459. 

58 



1st. Whether an Assembly can be called without issuing Writs of 
Election for all the Parishes and Districts? 

2nd. If the Provost Marshal returns for one or more Parishes or 
Districts, that he gave the Notice required of the Election, and on 
going there, he did not find any Inhabitants in the Parish or Dis- 
trict; or that None appeared to him; or came to the Place, and at 
the Time appointed, to make such Election, i7 and therefore none 
could be made; or if he should return, that a Number of Rebels had 
assembled at or near the Place appointed, and therefore he durst 
not venture to the Place, to receive the Suffrages of the Electors; 
or that for any other Reasons which he may give, it was not in his 
Power to proceed to take the Election, &c: on a Supposition that 
this might happen to be the Case, and that Members are only re- 
turned for part of the Parishes and Districts say 3/4ths or 2 /3ds, 
and None for the Rest; Then whether an Assembly consisting of 
Members from Part of the Parishes or Districts only, will be a Law- 
ful Assembly or Representation of the Inhabitants of the whole 
Province? 

3d. And whether such a Partial Assembly or Representation of 
the People may legally proceed on Business in Assembly, and join in 
making Laws, &c? 

The Board having attentively considered the said State or Repre- 
sentation, unanimously agreed. That it was of the utmost Conse- 
quence and Utility to both the Crown and People, to have an As- 
sembly: That His Excellency had clearly represented in his State 
of the Matter, every Point on which any Difficulty could occur in 
accomplishing so desirable an object; and advised the Same be re- 
fered as soon as may be to the Chief Justice and Attorney General 
for their Opinions; how far it may be practicable: under the Queries 
therein set forth. And the same was ordered Accordingly. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Wednesday, the 3d Day of November, 1779. 

Present: 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 

James Wright, [Junior] Esquires. 
His Excellency laid before the Board the following Report of the 
Attorney General, on the Petition of the Minis's, &c. 
May it please Your Excellency, 



17. Foregoing four words not In other version. Ibid., 460. 

59 



I have attentively perused the Petition of the Mrs. Minis and hex 
five Daughters, as also the Minute of Your Excellency in Council 
thereon, and considering thereof, and the Circumstances of their 
Case, I have no Objection in point of Law, or in the Execution of 
my Duty against the Determination of Your Excellency and Council 
thereon - And do consent and agree to the same. 
I have the Honor to be 

Your Excellency's 

most obedt hble Serv. 
J. Robertson, Atty. Genl. 
Savannah, 31st Oct. 1779. 

The Time of their Departure I have fixed at ten days exclusive of 
the Day of Notification which was given on Saturday last the 30th 
of October. 
Govr. Sir James Wright, Bart. 

Ordered thereon that the clerk notify to the Secretary to make 
out a Passport under the Great Seal of the Province, for the Pass- 
age of the said Minis and her Daughters, in the Schooner General 
Brown, Robert Farquhar, Master. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board, that Application had been 
made to Him, by Elizabeth Wright, and Margaret McDonald and 
Margaret Meurong, for Leave to depart this Province and go to 
South Carolina; And refered the same to the Board for their opinions 
thereon. 

Ordered that a Common pass, be issued, for them to proceed with- 
out Delay to Purrysburg, in South Carolina. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah on Fri- 
day the 5th Day of November, 1779. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable John Hume, 

James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 
His Excellency acquainted the Board, that Levi Abrahams of St. 
Eustatius, had applied to Him for Leave to be included in the Pass- 
port, ordered to be issued to the Minises. 

Ordered that the Clerk notify to the Secretary to include the said 
Levi Abrahams, in the Passport for the Minises. 

His Excellency then informed the Board, that several of the 
Bridges in the Public Roads near the Town having been destroyed 
by the Rebels the Public Service required that the Same be repaired 
without Delay; and proposed that orders be given in that Behalf, 
to such as would undertake that work, and that the Charge thereof 
be disbursed out of monies arising by Duties. 

60 



The Board highly approved of the Same, and recommended to 
His Excellency to pursue such Measures therein, as might best ef- 
fect that End, in the present Juncture. 

His Excellency then acquainted the Board, that He had received 
several Complaints of Armed Negroes going about the Country, to 
the Terror and Distress of the Inhabitants; and proposed that Or- 
ders be given to the officers of the Militia for suppressing all Dis- 
orders of that Nature, in Conformity to the Patroll and Negro Laws. 

The Board unanimously approved thereof and advised that Or- 
ders be given to carry the Same into Execution. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Tuesday the 9th Day of November, 1779. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnstone, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 

James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 
His Excellency acquainted the Board, that Representations had 
been made to Him, relating to the present unprotected State of this 
Province, and requesting something might be done by the Govern- 
ment thereof, in that Behalf; on which, he proposed whether the Horse 
Patrolls formerly agreed upon in Council, as necessary to be es- 
tablished, (and which were interrupted from being carried into 
Execution, by the Intervention of the late Invasion, and Siege of 
the Town), Should not on the present occasion be re-established, 
as far as the Circumstances of the Case require and desired they 
would fully consider the same, against a future Meeting. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Mon- 
day, the 15th Day of November, 1779.18 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnstone, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 

James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 
His Excellency laid before the Board the following Report of the 
Chief Justice and Attorney General, on his Representation concern- 



18. MinutPS of this session have been published. Ibid., 463-66. Texts not 
identical ; some proceedings omitted in this account. 

61 



ing the calling an Assembly of the Province which was read as fol- 
lows: 

W^ have considered the several Queries stated to Us by His Ex- 
cellency the Governor, as fully as we could, without the Assistance 
of Books, that treat on the Subject (all the Chief Justice's Law 
Books, except 4 volumes, being burnt during the Siege, and the 
Attorney General's being chiefly at St. Augustine); and we are of 
opinion, that when His Excellency with the Advice of His Council 
thinks fit to call th^ General Assembly, Writs of Election ought 
to be issued in the usual Form, for all the Parishes and Districts, 
that sent Members to the last Assembly, which was lawfully con- 
vened under the King's Writs; and if there should be any Parish 
or District without Freeholders qualified to elect, or if thro' the 
Invasion, or Vicinity of the Rebels, the Provost Marshal cannot 
venture, to proceed to an Election, then he must return such Special 
Matter along with the Writ of Election, and Verify it by Affidavit: 
Such a Commons House of Assembly convened with the precautions 
above mentioned, we conceive would be a lawful Representation 
of the whole Province, and might proceed to join in making Laws: 
For when the Executive Branch of Government has done every 
Thing it could to obtain a complete Representation of the whole 
Province, if for want of Inhabitants in some Districts, or of the 
Vicinity of the Rebels to others. Elections cannot be held there; 
the Representatives convened under such Circumstances, form, as 
Complete a Representation, as the Nature of Things will admit of; 
and must therefore of Necessity be a lawful Representation of the 
Whole province. But as fast as Districts become peopled, or the 
Rebels remove to a Distance, it is the Duty of the House of Repre- 
sentatives to petition the Governor to issue Writs for such Districts. 
In the Meantime as many of the Inhabitants of Savannah, and of 
other Places in the province, may have Freeholds in those Districts 
which are either in the Possession of Rebels or so near them that 
no Election can be held: In the meantime untill the Rebels retreat, 
an Act of Assembly may be passed to enable the Provost Marshal 
to hold the Election, for such disturbed Districts, and the Free- 
holders to vote, in some District that is in Peace, upon giving proper 
Notice in the Gazette. 

Anthony Stokes, 
James Robertson. i9 
Savannah, 11 November 1779. 

After reading the Report which was intirely approved of. His 
Excellency observed that He apprehended, the presents© Situation of 



19. The foregoing report is not in other version. Ibid., 464. 

20. Reads "accepted.'^ JbUi. 

62 



Affairs in this province would not admit of carrying this Measure 
into Execution Immediately; but that He thought a more favorable 
opportunity might be soon expected, particularly when a Reinforce- 
ment should arrive; at which Time He did not doubt, but the at- 
tention of the Enemy would be wholly taken up; and that the Pro- 
vince would be rendered more secure, and the Measure more effec- 
tuallysi carried into Execution. 

Which was unanimously approved of by the Board, who advised 
that the Issuing Writs of Election should be postponed for some- 
time. His Excellency then mentioned that the present List of Jus- 
tices of the Peace is very deficient, from Some refusing to serve, 
and Objections arising against others; it was therefore very diffi- 
cult to convene a sufficient Number to transact the Necessary Busi- 
ness. When after Consideration the following Persons were proposed 
to be added to the Commission: Basil Cowper, William Jones, Sam- 
uel Farley, Robert McCullogh, William Ross, and the Revd. Mr. 
Zubly, for the Parish of Christ Church; 22 on which the Clerk was 
ordered to notify to the Secretary to insert the Same in the Com- 
mission and the Same was ordered accordingly. 

His Excellency then laid laid Before the Board the following 
Memorial of the Deputy Provost Marshal, which was read as follows. 
To His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet, 
Governor, &c of the Province of Georgia, the 
Honorable the Lieutenant Governor, and the Hon- 
orable Council. 

The Memorial of Pinkethman Hawkins who is appointed Goaler. 

Humbly sheweth, 

That at this Time Bread at the Bakers is Sixpence per pound, and 
Beef at Market three pence; That the Law of this province allows 
two pounds of Bread and one pound of Flesh to every prisoner; And 
allows only ten pence three farthings per Day; Wherefore Your 
Memorialist prays Your Excellency and Honors will take the Same 
into Your wise Consideration, and give him such Relief as You in 
Your wisdom shall think meet and convenient; And Your Memorialist 
as in Duty Bound shall ever pray. 23 

The Board approved of the prayer of the said Memorial, and ad- 
vised, that what was necessary for the purpose mentioned, should 
be charged and paid out of Monies arising by Duties. 

His Excellency also informed the Board that the Clerk of the 
Council had made application to Him, concerning his attendance on 
the Parties, (examined on Interrogatories in Consequence of an Or- 
der of Council), to administer to them the State Oaths and take 



21. Rearts "eventunlly." Jhid. 

22. Isanc Bnlllou nlsn on Hat In other verHlon. Ibid. 

28. Forei^oliic motnorlal is not in other version. Ibid., 466. 

63 



their Subscription to the Declaratory Tests; that no Provision for 
such Duty was made in the Fee Act; and that he prayed it might 
be considered. 

The Board were unanimous the Request was reasonable and re- 
commended that the Clerk should be directed to charge in his ac- 
count with the Public for each person attended in that Manner a 
Fee of two Shillings.24 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Thursday, the 18th Day of November, 1779.25 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
His Excellency laid before the Board the following Letter, 26 ad- 
dressed to Him. 
Sir, 

The Small pox having unhappily broke out in my Plantation, and 
altho' I have taken every Method in my Power to prevent the spread- 
ing of that Disorder, yet I find the Infection is communicated to 
80 many of my Negroes, that I have Reason to apprehend it will 
be impossible to keep it out of my Family of six small Children. I 
therefore request the favor of Your Excellency's Permission to make 
use of Inoculation, as the most probable Method of preserving the 
Lives of my Children. 

I understand that the Law, relative to the Small Pox is expired, 
but I would not on any Consideration, take a Step on this Occasion, 
which might be disapproved of by Your Excellency. 

The Situation of my Place of Abode being very remote (there 
being no Thoroughfare, or public Road within a considerable Dis- 
tance) may be a Means of confining the Small Pox to my own Fam- 
ily and Negroes, than if it was more exposed. 
I am most respectfully 

Sir 

Your Excellency's very obedient 
Servant, T. Netherclifft. 
Savannah 18th Nov. 1779. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet. 

On reading which Letter and examining the Law for preventing27 



24. Blank in other version. IMd., 466. 

25. Minutes of this session were published under date of 8 November, 1779. 
Ibid., 461-63. Texts not identical. 

26. Text of this letter not included in other version. Hid., 461. 

27. Reads "examinations the Law for Procuring." Ibid. 

64 



Inoculation &c. His Excellency proposed that the Clerk of the Coun- 
cil should answer the Same, and acquaint Mr. Netherclifft, that he 
was at Liberty to inoculate his Family under the Circumstances 
mentioned by him in his Letter, provided he regulated his Conduct 
agreeably to the Laws of the province respecting the spreading of 
the Small Pox and other Contagious Disorders; which Laws were 
yet in Force. 

The Board approved thereof, and advised that the Clerk be or- 
dered to write to that purpose: And the same was Ordered accord- 
ingly. 

His Excellency then informed the Board He had received many 
applications from People in the Country in Favor of certain Per- 
sons, whom they pray may have Commissions as Militia Officers, 
being Men of Character and welaffected to Government: That He 
had made Inquiry concerning the Characters28 of both the Petition- 
ers and the Persons proposed for Officers, but without obtaining 
so full and clear Satisfaction as He wished: But yet He thought it 
was very necessary to commission some officers without Delay, such 
being much wanted in several Parts of the Province, to collect the 
Inhabitants, many of whom are well disposed and willing to act 
in Defence of Government: And on considering the Petitions of 
these people, and the Exigency29 of Affairs, it was advised that Cap- 
tains Commissions be forthwith made out for the following Dis- 
tricts: viz. 

Edward Pilcherso to command as Captain of the Militia from 
Brier Creek in &t. George's parish, to extend 5 Miles above Mac- 
bean's Creek, and across Southerly to Ogeechee River. 

Daniel Howel to command in like Manner, from the Mouth of 
Horse Creek on Ogeechee River, and from thence on the North Side 
of Buckhead, up to James Black's, and from thence across to Brier 
Creek, and from thence down to the old Court House. 

Charles Creech, to command in like Manner, from the Fork be- 
tween Buckhead and Ogechee, and on both Sides of the River, as 
far up as Bark Camp.si 

And the Clerk was Ordered to notify to the Secretary accordingly. 
His Excellency next acquainted the Board that Lieutenant Colonel 
More of the North Carolina Loyalists, had made proposals to Him 
that if he was commissioned as a Lieutenant Colonel of the Militia 
the upper Districts in this province, where he was under a Neces- 
sity of going on other Military Duty, that he conceived with the 



28. Reads "Conduct." Tbid., 462. 

29. Reads "Grievancy." Ibid. 

30. Reads "Pitcher." Ibid. 

31. Assipnments of districts ia foregoing three paragraphs not in other 
version. Ibid. 

65 



well affected Militia, lie should be able to do considerable Service 
in seizing upon or driving away the Rebels. 

Whereupon the Lieut Colonel was sent for, and examined in CJoun- 
cil, and having given a very satisfactory account of his Views and 
Intentions: The Board were unanimously of Opinion that the Pro- 
posals of Lt Coll More might prove greatly for His Majesty's Ser- 
vice and the Public Good, and advised that a Commission should 
be given him to command as Lieut. Coll. the Militia from Reister's 
plantation near Ogeechee River, and to extend from thence across 
to Mount pleasant on Savannah River, and from thence to Augusta 
and the Keokas.32 

And the Clerk was ordered to notify to the Secretary accordingly.33 

His Excellency then informed the Board that David Swanson34 
the Deputy Prevost of the Garrison had applied to Him for Payment 
of the Expences he had been at, in maintaining sundry Prisoners 
committed to the prevostss prison by warrant from the Chief Justice, 
and for which Expences, His Excellency had promised at the Time 
to be answerable to him. 

And the Deputy Provost's account amounting to £ [blank] being 
produced was approved of, and the Board advised it be discharged 
out of Monies arising by Duties. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Sat- 
urday the 20th Day of November, 1779. 

Present, 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
His Excellency acquainted the Board that He had been informed 
the Collector of the Customs received the Duty on Tea, and some 
Doubt arising with Respect to collecting that Duty, proposed that 
the Matter be referred to the Attorney General to report His Opin- 
ion, whether the Act of Parliament imposing the Duty on Tea is not 
repealled. 

Which being approved of, the Clerk was ordered to notify to the 
Attorney General, to that purpose. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the Instructions, He 
had prepared for Lt Coll. Moore — Also for Captains Howell, Pil- 
cher, and Creech, commanding Troops of Horse Militia for Patrol 



32. Limits of commission not given in other version. Ibid. 

33. This sentence not in other version. Ibid. 

34. Reads "Shat Swanston." Ibid. 
36. Reads "present." Ibid. 



66 



Duty. Which were Unanimously thought highly proper for regulat- 
ing the Conduct of those Officers respectively. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Tuesday the 23d Day of November, 1779. 

Present, 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency represented to the Board that Major General Pre- 
vost had ordered Military Posts to be established at Sunbury and 
Abercorn; and He understands One is also to be established at 
Ebenezer: And observed thereon, that the Men at those Posts being 
only Foot Soldiers it is not to be supposed that they can go far from 
their respective Posts in Pursuit of any Small Parties of Rebells, 
or others who may come to, or be in the Province, distressing the 
Loyal Inhabitants, and plundering them, relative to which He re- 
ceived almost daily Complaints: In Remedy therefore of these Evils, 
He conceived that if Horse Patrolls were established in particular 
Places, they might be of the greatest Utility in co-operating with 
the Military, preserving the Peace of the Province, and protecting 
the Loyal Inhabitants: He therefore proposed to the Consideration 
of the Board, the propriety of this Measure, and how far it would 
be conducive to His Majesty's Service and the Public Good. And if 
they approved of the Same, He proposed for their further Consid- 
eration, whether Parties of their Numbers, and posted as follows, 
be not proper. A Patroll by a Party of the Militia from the neigh- 
bourhood of Ebenezer and upwards, to the Amount of 30 Men and 
Officers, to patroll across the Country towards Ogechee River, and 
up towards Hudson's, or as far that Way, as they may think it safe 
to go: Another Patroll Party of 15 Men and Officers, to go from 
the South Side of Ogechee River across the Fork to Canoochee 
River, and round the Settlements there: Another Patroll Party of 
fifteen, to go across the Country from Canoochee River through the 
Parish of St. Johns: And another Patroll Party of fifteen to go 
across St. Andrew's Parish to the River Altamaha. These three last 
Parties in the Whole not to exceed 50 Men including Officers. 

The Board having maturely considered the Several Matters pro- 
posed by His Excellency, Are of opinion that the different Patrolls 
mentioned, will be attended with the Best Consequences, and serve 
to co-operate with such of the King's Troops, who are or may be, 
stationed at the different Outposts; and greatly contribute to pre- 
vent the many plundering Parties of Rebells who are infesting the 

67 



Province: And therefore do unanimously recommend to His Ex- 
cellency to carry the Measure forthwith into Execution. And as the 
Board well know that His Excellency the Governor has no Fund 
for defraying the Expence of the said Patrolls, they are of Opinion 
that the Whole Matter should be laid before His Excellency Major 
General Prevost, and Application made to Him for Pay and Pro- 
visions for the Subsistence of the said Patrolls. And the Clerk was 
ordered accordingly to copy this Minute for the General. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board a petition & other Papers 
from Saml; nunez, praying he may be discharged from the Prosecu- 
tion for felony now carrying on against him, by Mrs. Gibbons, in 
taking away several Cattle, &c for His Majesty's Service, belonging 
to her; and in proof of his being employed in that Service, referring 
to the Affidavits annexed, to his Petition. 

The Board having heard the petition and other papers read, were 
of Opinion, that the Clerk should be ordered to obtain the Affidavit 
of Mrs. Gibbons, in the Case, and send it with the Petition & other 
Papers on the Table to the Attorney General, to hear the Parties 
and determine thereon as the Subject requires, and then Report 
his Opinion to His Excellency and the same was ordered accordingly. 

His Exclly next represented to the Board that Application had 
been made to Him by several of the Inhabitants of Queensborough, 
requesting certain Persons of that Part of the Country may be made 
Justices of the Peace, and others, Officers of the Militia. 

The Board having considered the Application advised that Joseph 
Marshal Matthew Lyle and Samuel Montgomery, be inserted in the 
the isic'] Commission of the Peace for the parish of St. George, and 
that Matthew Lyle be appointed Major of Militia. And the Clerk 
was ordered to notify to the Secretary accordingly. 

His Excellency further represented to the Board that Application 
had been made to Him from several of the Inhabitants of Rocky 
Comfort requesting certain Persons may have Commissions as Militia 
Officers. 

On which the Board advised, from the Circumstances attending 
the Application, that the same be referred to future Consideration. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the following Petition 

Georgia. To His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Captain 

General, Governor, and Commander in Chief, of His 

Majesty's Province, and the Honorable Council of the 

Same. 

The petition of Mary Morell Humbly Sheweth: 

Your Petitioner having a large Family of Small Children, and 
being informed of the Small Pox having broke out in Mr. Nether- 
clifft's Family at Montgomery; is very desirous of obtaining Your 

68 



Excellency's permission to Inoculate her Family as she is very ap- 
prehensive the Infection will be communicated, if not already done, 
her Situation being so very adjacent to Montgomery it will be im- 
possible to prevent the Negroes going to and from thence. 

Therefore prays Your Excellency will grant her Permission to 
have her Family inoculated, and Your Petitioner will ever pray. &c. 

Mary Morell. 
November 22d 1779. 

On reading which the Board advised that the Clerk of the Council 
be ordered to write to Mrs. Morell, and acquaint her, that it was 
their unanimous opinion, the spreading of the Small Pox should 
be prevented as much as possible, and therefore the Prayer of her 
petition cannot be at present granted, as her Family is not yet in- 
fected; But when that takes place as in the Case of Mr. Nether- 
clifft's Family, that then permission shall be granted. And the Clerk 
was ordered to acquaint her therewith. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Sat- 
urday the 27th Day of November 1779. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 

James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 
His Excellency acquainted the Board that Mrs. Bryen Wife of 
Jonathan Bryen, formerly of this Province, but now absent, and in 
Rebellion, had petitioned Him, for Protection and Leave to reside 
in this province. 

The Board advised thereon, that the Clerk Should acquaint her 
that His Excellency had laid her Application before Them, and It 
was Their Unanimous opinion that no Notice ought to be taken 
thereof, as She had entered the Province without Permission from 
His Excellency or the General: But that She might be assured, as 
long as she remained therein, and conformed strictly to Govern- 
ment, she should be unmolested. And the same was ordered accord- 
ingly. 

His Excellency then informed the Board, that several Persons 
had certified in favor of the Character of Jacob Cronenbergh, as a 
person, who is to their Knowledge a Good Subject, whatever he 
might imprudently have done, during the Usurpation here. 

The Board advised that he should give Security in £500 for him- 
self with two Securities in £250 each for his good Behavior for 
Twelve months to the Attorny General in Behalf of the King. 

69 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Mon- 
day, the 6th Day of December, 1779. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency observed to the Board that some short Time be- 
fore the Invasion by the French, a New Commission of Claims, was 
ordered to be made out, and to include with the present Commis- 
sioners, Roger Kelsal and John Tunno, Esquires, He also observed 
that since the Defeat of the Enemy the Matters which were the Ob- 
ject of that Commission were much altered, for that the General had 
required all the Houses in Town which are deemed Rebel property 
to be appropriated for the Use of the Army, as Winter Quarters; 
and that 250 of the Captured & Refugee Negroes were embodied as 
a Pioneer Corps; and that these Events together with the Depreda- 
tions of the Enemy, had greatly diminished the expected Fund on 
that occasion; and also very much lessened the Business and Trouble 
of the Commissioners; and therefore desired them to consider and 
give their opinions, whether the expected Fund will answer the Ex- 
pence of a Salary of £300 per annum, to each Commissioner; and 
whether as both Fund and Trouble are much reduced from what it 
was before thought they would be, the Salary or allowance should 
not be reduced in Proportion. 

The Board having maturely considered the Matter were of opinion, 
that the expected Fund appearing at present to be greatly reduced 
in Prospect, and from the above Circumstances, and the Attendance 
and Trouble incident to that Appointment being also reduced, the 
Recompence to the Gentlemen appointed, ought not to exceed in all, 
What was allowed at first, that is £600 among the 4 Commission- 
ers: And that as soon as the Commission is prepared by the Secre- 
tary, Notice thereof should be given the Parties by sending to each 
of them a Copy of this Minute. 

Ordered accordingly, that the Clerk notify to the Secretary to 
prepare a New Commission; and that the parties be informed of 
their appointment. 

His Excellency next acquainted the Board that Thomas Jones, 
had petitioned to be allowed to Settle in this province promissing 
to behave himself as a Loyal Subject. 

The Board having considered the petition advised that he should 
be allowed to come and settle here, on giving Security for his Good 
Behavior for 12 months, himself in £500 & two Securities in £250 

70 



each, and taking the Oaths and subscribing the Tests, to Govern- 
ment. 

His Excellency then proposed the making out a New Commission 
of the Peace but that as several who were in the present Commis- 
sion had not attended to qualify therefore before their Names are 
inserted in the New Commission, He thought it proper the Clerk 
should write to them to know whether they intend to qualify and 
act as Magistrates. 

Which was intirely agreed to by the Board, and the Clerk was 
ordered to write as aforesaid, and notify to the Secretary to pre- 
pare the Commission. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the following Report 
of the Attorney General. 
May It please Your Excellency; 

I have considered the Reference made to me, by your order In 
Council of the 20th november Instant, to report whether the Act 
of Parliament imposing the Duty on Tea is not repealed: And I find 
by a late Act of parliament, for removing all Doubts and Apprehen- 
sions concerning Taxation by Parliament, in the Colonies &c So 
much of the Act as imposed a Duty on Tea, imported from Great 
Britain into any Colony or Plantation in America, or has Relation 
to the said Duty, Is repealed. 

I have the Honor to be. 

Your Excellency's 

Most obedient 
humble Servant. 
J. Robertson. 

Atty Genl. 

Sava. 27th Nov. 1779. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Bart. &c. 

Which being read, the Clerk was ordered to send a Copy thereof to 
Robert McCulloh, Esq. the Collector of the Customs. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Wednesday, the 8th Day of December, 1779. 

Present, 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
ThQ Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin JoUie, Esquires. 
His Excellency represented to the Board his having received an 
Application from Hugh Lowry, an officer in the North Carolina 
Royal Volunteers, for a Commission as a Magistrate, to enable him 

71 



to attest the Recruits he may inlist, in an Expedition, he is now 
under Orders to perform, for recruiting that Corps. 

Which the Board having considered, agreed was incompatible 
with the Views he mentions, and totally inadmissible on that Condi- 
tion; and that the Clerk be ordered to inform him thereof. And the 
same was ordered accordingly. 

His Excellency then acquainted the Board, that He was informed, 
the Small Pox was in great Danger of spreading, from a Neglect or 
Ignorance of the Laws made, for preventing the spreading of that 
Disorder; and proposed the issuing of a Proclamation setting forth 
the Laws in that Case provided, and warning all Persons to conform 
thereto, on the penalty therein set forth. 

Which was approved of by the Board, and the Clerk ordered to 
notify to the Secretary to prepare a Proclamation for those Pur- 
poses. 

His Excellency next represented to the Board, His having received 
Information that the Circumstances of many of the People whose attend- 
ance would be required at the ensuing Sessions of the General Court, 
as Jurors or Witnesses, were such, from the Depredations of the 
Enemy and the unhappy Situation of the Country has been thrown 
Into by the War, that they are wholly incapable of supporting them- 
serlves in this place, while attending those Duties; and proposed to 
be considered by them, the propriety of affording that Relief, the 
Necessities of these people would require, while attending this public 
Service. 

The Board having maturely considered the Representation, unani- 
mously approved of it, and advised that 3 /s. per Diem during that 
attendance was not more than sufficient to support each person, at 
this Time: And that this allowance should be given only to those, 
who would swear that they were incapable of supporting themselves. 

His Excellency laid before the Board the following Report of the 
Attorney General 
May it please Your Excellency, 

Agreeable to Your Order on the Petition of Samuel Nunes, I 
have summoned Mrs. Gibbons his Prosecutor, who attended me 
with two Witnesses, whom I have carefully examined, and now in- 
close Your Excellency their Examinations, with Mrs. Gibbons's An- 
swer, to two Questions I put to her. 

And upon the whole I am of Opinion, that the Evidence is not 
sufficient to convict Nunes of Felony, nor does his Conduct appear 
to me, to have had any Felonious Design; And to prosecute him for 
that offence so circumstanced, and when his general Conduct has 
been approved of, and the injured Party may have ample Satisfac- 
tion by a Civil Suit, will carry an appearance of Malice in the Prose- 

72 



cutor. The offending Parties certainly acted wrong on the Whole, 
but more particularly, in suffering the Negroes to kill the Qeese, 
and carry them off, Yet as they neither assisted, or encouraged it, 
nor does it appear they received any Part of them, they are for that 
Conduct more censurable then Criminal I conceive. 
I have the Honor to be 
Your Excellency's 

Most obedient humble Servant. 
J. Robertson, Atty. Genl. 
Sava. 7th Deer. 1779. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Bart. 

Which being read, the Board advised a Copy thereof be forthwith 
sent to General Prevost, and the Clerk was order accordingly to 
transmit the Same. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on Mon- 
day, the 13th Day of December, 1779.38 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
ThQ Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
His Excellency represented to the Board, that Isaac Antrobus, 
Esquire, Collector of the Customs at the Port of Sunbury, had re- 
quested of Him, to know whether he was as formerly to draw on the 
Board of Customs for his Salary, or whether he was to deduct it 
from the Duties he receives, which by a latQ Act of Parliament are 
now to be paid into the Treasury of the Province where collected; 
And thereupon desired their Advice for the Direction of the Collec- 
tion. 

The Board having taken the Matter into Consideration, advised 
that Mr. Antrobus should draw on the Board of Customs as formerly, 
and that their Resolution on the Case, would be a Rule for his Con- 
duct in Future. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Fri- 
day the 24th Day of December 1779. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, 
ThQ Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, 
James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 



36. Minutes for this session have been crossed out In the manuscript, bat are 
Included here for the Information contained therein. 

73 



His Excellency acquainted the Board that agreable to their ad- 
vice on a former Day He had wrote to General Prevost, inclosing 
him the Minute of Council relating to Horse Patrolls, and request- 
ing an Answer to the Points therein mentioned concerning the Pay 
and Provisions necessary for them: An answer to which Letter he 
has now received and the General therein agrees to the article of 
Pay, but declines the Article of Provisions. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Tuesday the 28th Day of December 1779. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, the Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, Esquires 

His Excellency laid before the Board a petition from Mrs. Mary 
Morell of Bewley praying Leave to inoculate her Family with the 
Small Pox as by the Certificate of a Surgeon of the General Hospital, 
it appears to have broke out, on a Servant belonging to the Military 
quartered there ,and is now in an advanced State. 

Whereupon the Board advised the Clerk should be ordered to 
write to Mrs. Morell and acquaint her, that she is at Liberty to 
inoculate her Family and Negroes on the said Plantation. And the 
same was ordered accordingly. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the presentments of 
the Grand Jury as follows: 
Georgia ss. 

The Presentments of the Grand Jurors for the Province aforesaid, 
at the Court of Sessions of Oyer and Terminer and General Goal 
Delivery, begun and holden at Savannah on Tuesday the 14th Day 
December 1779, before the Honorable Anthony Stokes, Esquire, 
Chief Justice, and the Honorable Martin Jollie, Esquire, Assistant 
Judge. 

We the Grand Jurors of Our Sovereign Lord the King, for the 
Body of the said Province, upon our Oaths, Present: 

1. As a Grievance, the ruinous Condition of the chimnies in the 
Town of Savannah, whereby the Lives and Properties of the In- 
habitants, and others, are exposed to constant Danger from Fire 
and other Accidents. 

2. We present, as a Grievance, the Filth and nastiness of the 
Streets, and the many Slaughter Houses in the Town. 

74 



3. We present, as a Grievance, the Indecenct practice of burying 
dead Bodies in various parts of the Town and its Environs, and not 
confining it to the usual place appointed for that solemn Purpose. 

4. We present, as a Grievance, the great Number of Negroes, that 
are suffered to stroll about, both in Town and Country, many with 
Fire-arms, and other offensive Weapons, committing Robberies and 
other Enormities, to the great Terror and Annoyance of the Inhabi- 
tants thereof; and we recommend that those employed upon public 
Service should wear some Badge or Mark of Distinction whereby 
they may be known. 

5. We present, as a Grievance, the Want of a House of Confine- 
ment and Correction for Negroes. 

6. We present, as a Grievance, the present ruinous Condition of 
the High Roads and Bridges, and the Want of proper Boats and at- 
tendance at the public Ferries. 

7. We present, as a Grievance, the want of a Place for the Re- 
ception of the Poor, from which Want the Community loses a Num- 
ber of useful People, who pine and die in the utmost Distress, desti- 
tute of attendance and the Common Necessaries of Life. 

8. We lament the Want of an Assembly, whereby all our Griev- 
ances might be redressed, and the Civil Establishment fixed in its 
proper channel. 

And lastly, we return our Thanks to his Honour the Chief Justice 
for His Excellent Charge delivered at the opening of the present 
Sessions, and request that the Same, together with these our pre- 
sentments, be published in the next Gazette. 

John Murray, Foreman 

Patrick Crookshanks 

Thomas Tallemache 

John Henderson 

Alexander M'Gown 

John Mllner L. S. James Stephens L. S. 

James Buchannan L. S. James Butler L. S. 

December 18th 1779 

The following Orders were made by the Court on the foregoing 
Presentments: 

Ordered, That the Attorney General do turn as many of the said 
Presentments into Bills of Indictment, as the Nature of the said 
several presentments will admit of. 

And it is further Ordered, That the Clerk of the Crown do cause 
a Copy of the said Presentments, with these Orders, to be laid be- 
fore His Excellency the Governor, the Honorable Council, and be- 

75 



L. 


S. 


Alexander Wylly 


L. 


S. 


L. 


S. 


Robert-Williams Powell 


L. 


S. 


L. 


s. 


Owen Owens 


L. 


s. 


L. 


S. 


John Daniel Hammerer 


L. 


s. 


L. 


s. 


William Duguid 


L. 


S. 



tore the next General Assembly: and do also cause a Copy of the 
Same to be inserted in the Gazette. 

By the Court 

John Simpson, P. & C. C. 
Crown Office, 20th December 1779. 

Which presentments being read, the Board after due Considera- 
tion thereof, advised that the Clerk be ordered to make out Copies 
of the 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th Presentments, and that His Excellencjr 
be requested to send them to General Prevost, desiring the General 
will be pleased to give such Orders as he may think necessary there- 
in so as to remedy and prevent the Evils complained of in Future: 
That the Matter of the 5th presentment is necessary, but must be 
postponed untill a proper Fund can be established for the Purpose. 
That the 2d and the 6th Presentment be referred to the Attorney 
General and that after he has examined the Road Law and Town & 
Common Law, he report his opinion, in what Manner the Commis- 
sioners of the High Roads, and of the Town & Common, are ap- 
pointed or filled up. 

That in Regard to the 7th Presentment, It be desired of the Revd. 
Mr. Edward Jenkins, the Rector of Christ Church, to inquire and 
endeavor to find out such a House or place, as may be proper for 
the Accomodation of the poor. 

All which were ordered accordingly. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Wed- 
nesday the 5th Day of January 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, the Lieut. Governor. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a Report taken at His In- 
stance, and desired their opinion thereon, whether Inoculation should 
be permitted, as Circumstances are stated, or whether the Same 
should still remain prohibited. 

The Board having maturely considered the Report, and likewise 
the Consequences of Inoculation in General, as the Country is cir- 
cumstanced, advised that Inoculation be absolutely prohibited, and 
every necessary Precaution taken to prevent the Small Pox spread- 
ing for the present, and that the same be notified to the public, at- 
tested by the clerk, as follows: 

Whereas it has been industriously reported that several Persona 
had got the Small Pox in the Town of Savannah, and that the said 

76 



Distemper was In many Houses in the said Town; on which it became 
necessary to make Inquiry into the Truth of such Reports, that it 
might be determined what was most salutary and proper to be done, 
for the Welfare of the Inhabitants and General Good of the Pro- 
vince. In order to which Doctor Donald MacCleod and James Moss- 
man Esq. one of the Church Wardens for Christ Church parish were 
desired to examine all the Houses in and about the Town of Savan- 
nah; and which they did in a very careful Manner on Monday the 
3d Instant, and on Tuesday the 4th, as appears by the following Re- 
port made by Order of His Excellency the Governor. "That they 
had visited and carefully examined all the inhabited houses in Sa- 
vannah and its Environs, and found that no individual Person was 
then affected with the Small Pox; but that at the House of Captain 
Hanlock, his Son and two Daughters, and one Negroe Fellow, have 
lately had the said Disease, but are now perfectly recovered and 
well." Which Report being this Day laid before the Honorable Coun- 
cil by His Excellency the Governor, It was resolved that the same 
should be published in the Gazette, for the Information and Satis- 
faction of the Inhabitants in both Town and Country. And it was 
also resolved that every means be used, and the Directions given by 
law duly observed, in order to keep out, and prevent the said Dis- 
temper from getting into the Town: And if unfortunately it should 
break out, and be discovered In any House In Town, the person in 
whose House the same may be, is hereby required to advertise the 
Same Immediately, as the Law directs under the Penalty thereof. 



77 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on Mon- 
day the 10th Day of January, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, Lieut. Governor. 
The Honorable John Hume, and 

Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency laid before the Board General prevost's answers 
concerning the 4 presentments of the Grand Jury referred to His 
Consideration by a former Order of the Board, as far as the Same 
relate to the military. 

On which it was the opinion of the Board that with Respect to 
the 2d Answer, Slaughter pens have usually been kept on that part 
of the Common, which lies between the Lines and the Abbatis, and 
have been made by the respective Butchers, who had occasion for 
them, and where any Person may now make the Same. And with 
respect to the 3d, a place for burying the Dead has been established 
by Law, and was railed in, and if there is not Room within that 
place, then the Dead must be buried adjoining thereto on the South 
Side. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Wed- 
nesday the 19th Day of January 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham,, Esquire, the Lieut. Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

78 



His Excellency represented to the Board that notwithstanding 
the Several Regulations hitherto made to prevent the Progress of 
the Small Pox, yet it had broke out again, and was now in diverse 
Houses in Town, and that He was affraid it could not be kept from 
spreading: Therefore desired they would consider the. Same, and 
if they are of opinion that it is impracticable to prevent the Dis- 
temper from spreading, that then they would give their opinions 
whether it may be proper to permit Inoculation for a limitted Time. 

The Board having maturely considered the Matter unanimously 
declared, that however it may be wished an effectual Stop could 
be put to the spreading of the Small Pox, yet it appeared to them 
to be wholly impracticable, and therefore they were of Opinion 
that advantage should be taken of the present favorable Season, 
and that, if the General had no Objection on Account of the Army, 
a Proclamation be issued immediately to allow of Inoculation, but 
limitted to the 1st of March. 

His Excellency then referred to the Board a Letter to Him from 
Mr. John Tunno on the Exportation of Rice, observing thereon, that 
from the best Information He could get, there would not be above 
2000 barrels of Rice beat out for Market this Season, and therefore 
He apprehended none ought to be exported, as the Navy and Army 
might have Occasion for that Quantity and more. 

The Board agreed in the same Opinion, and it was ordered that 
the Clerk should write to Mr. Tunno, that it doth not appear, there 
will be Merchantable Rice brought to Market sufficient to serve 
the Navy and Army; and therefore none ought to be exported: That 
a prohibition was laid on in april last, and as His Majesty's Servicei 
will require all that can be cleaned out of the last Year's Crop or 
more, no Reason appears for discontinuing that Regulation. 

His Excellency next laid before the Board a petition to him from 
Michael and peter Ritter praying a Special Court for immediately 
bringing to Trial James Johnson, charged, with having murdered 
their Brother John Ritter. 

Ordered thereon that the Clerk notify to the Attorney General 
[to] prepare a Commission for the Secretary to pass in Form, for 
the purpose prayed for. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board a Memorial from Mr. 
Richard Davis Clerk of the Market at Savannah, complaining of irregu- 
lar Behaviour from the Butchers &c; ordered thereon that He publish 
in the Gazette his appointment, and also state such Matters re- 
quired by the Market Laws, as he thinks most liable to be trans- 
gressed, and give Notice that from and after 20 days from the pub- 
lication thereof, all offenders will be proceeded against for the 
Penalties inflicted by the said Laws. 

79 



His Excellency referred to the Board, the Case of certain Soldiers 
of the Garrison, found guilty of petit Larceny, and sentenced to be 
whipped. 

On which the Board, advised, they might be pardoned. 

His Excellency referred to the Board, an application in Behalf 
of one Clubb, taken up and bound over on Suspicion of Horse Steal- 
ing. 

Ordered that the Matter be sent to the Attorney General to re- 
port his opinion thereon. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Tuesday the 25th Day of January, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnstone 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
His Excellency acquainted the Board that agreeable to a former 
Resolution of Council, he had wrote to General prevost, to know 
how far it might correspond with His Majesty's Military Service, 
the admission of Inoculation for the Small Pox in General, at this 
Time in the Province; and that in Answer he had received the fol- 
lowing Letter. 

Savannah, 19th January 1780. 
Sir 

I received just now the Honor of Your Excellency's Letter, Gen- 
eral Leslie being present at the Time, He joins with me in Opinion 
that it would be very proper to wait the arrival of the Commander 
in Chief, as it might prove of bad Consequence and impede the 
Service he may wish to be immediately carried on, by this Disorder 
introducing itself among the different Corps, that are along with 
him. 

I have, the Honor to be with Regard 
Your Excellency's most obedient most 
humble Servant 

A. Prevost 
His Excellency 

Sir James Wright, Bart 

Governor &c &c. 

His Excellency then observed that altho' it was the opinion of 

the Board at that Time, the Admission of a General Inoculation 

should depend on the General's Answer; It was notwithstanding 

necessary some Steps should be taken to provide for the many un- 

80 



happy Wretches (particularly Negroes) who having no Place or 
Residence may be exposed to the Danger of this Distemper, and per- 
haps perish thro' want of Care. 

The Board taking the Matter into Consideration unanimously ad- 
vised, His Excellency would give orders for providing a House and 
other Accomodation necessary for so humane and salutary a pur- 
pose, at the Public Expence. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Fri- 
day the 28th Day of January, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, the Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, and 
John Hume, Esquires. 
His Excellency laid before the Board the following Memorial of 
Capt. Moore in Behalf of a Negroe Condemned to be burnt, and 
desired their opinion thereon. 

To His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor, and 
Commander in Chief, in and over His Majesty's province of Georgia, 
&c &c &c. 

The Memorial of Thomas William Moore, Captain in His Majesty's 
Service and Barrack Master of Savannah. 
Humbly setts forth 

That a Negroe, man who calls himself Sambo, and who came from 
Carolina some Months past, has been employed by your Memorialist 
on a Farm called Elberts on the White Bluff Road, under the Man- 
agement of Jonathan Prindle. 

That some Day last Week the said Negroe Sambo was brought 
to Goal in this Town, on a Suspicion of having murdered a Son of 
Mr. Peter Young at Acton, and was tried and Condemned (as Your 
Memorialist understands) to be burnt to Death. 

Your Memorialist begs that Your Excellency will grant a Respite 
of Execution untill another Hearing can be had, as from the In- 
formation of prindle and another White Man, an Alibi can be proved. 
Your Memorialist's being fully of opinion that on another Trial 
the Negro will be found Innocent, induces him to apply in his Be- 
half, humbly soliciting a Grant of the Prayer of 
Savannah 25th Jany. 1780. 

Your Excellency's 
most obedient and 
most humble Servant. 
Thomas Will Moore. 

81 



To His Excellency the Governor 
&c &c &c. 

The Board having maturely considered the Prayer of said Memor- 
ial, and the Evidence given against the Negroe, unanimously ad- 
vised that a Reprieve be granted for 10 Days to be reckoned from 
Monday next ensuing: And That in the Interim and as soon as may 
be the Memorialist produce such Evidence as he may have in Behalf 
of said Negroe, to the Justices who sat on the Trial; That such evi- 
dence as they may give on Oath, be taken in Writing to be laid 
before His Excellency; And also that the said Justices give their 
opinions on the Whole Matter, how far they think the said Negro 
an Object of Mercy or punishment. 

His Excellency observed next, that a most daring Robbery had 
been committed at the Plantation of the Lieut Governor by sundry 
persons unknown, whereby upwards of 100 Slaves were carried off 
belonging to him and Mrs. [?] Stuart; And proposed that a pro- 
clamation should issue, offering a Reward of 50 Guineas for dis- 
covering, and bringing to Justice any of the Ring leaders or per- 
petrators of so attrocious an Act. 

Which the Board unanimously approved: And the Clerk was or- 
dered to notify to the Secretary accordingly. 

His Excellency then represented his having been applied to, by 
John Schick for the sum of £25 which he prayed might be allowed 
him, for payment of the Cure of Wounds received by him in De- 
fence of Savannah when besieged by the French and Rebells; and 
which was confirmed by the Testimony of Coll. Robertson and Capt 
Somerville. 

The Board thought the Application was reasonable, and were of 
Opinion that the said Sum, should be paid by the Public. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Friday the 4th Day of February, 1780.1 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, the Lieut. Governor. 
The Honorable John Hume, 

Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
His Excellency acquainted the Board, that He had agreeably to 
the Tenor of General prevost's Letter to Him, on the Subject of a 
General Inoculation, mentioned that Matter to Sir Henry Clinton 
on his Arrival, who declared he had no objection thereto, as far as 
related to the Military: In Consequence of which His Excellency 



1. Only the portion of these minutes relating to deserted estates is in the 
other version. See Allen D. Candler, ed., The Colonial Records o/ the State of 
Georgia (Atlanta. 1907), XII, 467. 

82 



said He had ordered the Secretary to have ready a Proclamation for 
that Purpose, and desired their opinion, how long such permission 
should last. 

The Board on considering the Matter approved of the Proclama- 
tion and advised the Term of Inoculation should end on the 20th 
of March next ensuing, instead of the 1st of that Month as first 
proposed on account of the Time now elapsed. 

And the same was ordered accordingly. 

His Excellency laid before the Board an Account of Repairs on 
the church and Goal, which was given in to Him by Thomas Ander- 
son amounting to £16. .2. .9. and desired their opinion on the Same, 
whether payment should be ordered. 

The Board having examined the Account, it was ordered to be 
passed for payment. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board an Account of Andrew 
Robertson amounting £10.18. for Work done about the Parsonage 
house, which was also examined and ordered to be passed for pay- 
ment. 

His Excellency now observed that He found on examining the 
Minutes of Council of May last, Martin Jollie, James Mossman, Alex- 
ander Wylly and William Jones, Esqrs were then appointed Com- 
missioners of the Town and Common of Savannah; and further ob- 
served that the Law for regulating the Town & Common directs the 
Church Wardens to appoint a Beadle, whose Office is among other 
particulars to see to the Cleansing of the Lanes and Streets of the 
Town: and proposed that the Clerk should write to the Gentlemen 
appointed as aforesaid to know whether they will act, and to the 
Church Wardens to direct their choosing a Beadle: 

Which the Board having approved of, the Same was ordered ac- 
cordingly. 

His Excellency next communicated to the Board, part of a Letter 
He had received from His Majesty's Secretary of State, relative to 
the deserted Estates in this Province, supposed to be Rebel prop- 
erty; and that His Majesty's most Gracious Instructions2 may be 
carried into Execution, as far as possible. He proposed that an 
Order be made for the Commissioners of Claims forthwith to lay 
before Him a full Account of their proceedings on the several Com- 
missions given them, so that a clear State of the said Property may 
be known. 

The Board having maturely considered the Matter, advised that 
the Commissioners should be wrote to by the Clerk, requiring them 
to report their whole proceedings to the Governor without Delay. 

And the Same was ordered accordingly. 



Reads "Intentlone." Ibid. 

83 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Tuesday the 8th Day of February 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, the. Lieut. Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, and 
James Wright, Junior, Esquires. 
His Excellency laid before the Board the following Memorial and 
desired their opinion thereon. 

To His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Captain General, 
& Governor in Chief, in and over His Majesty's Province of Georgia, 
and Chancellor, vice admiral, and ordinary of the Same. 

The Memorial of Anthony Stokes, Barrister at Law, Chief Justice, 
& Martin Jollie, Esqr. Assistant Justice of the said Province. 

Sheweth, 

That the Commissioners appointed by Act of Assembly of this 
Province, for the Purpose of building a Court-house, did when the 
Same was finished, lay it out in the following Manner, vizt. the 
large Room up Stairs for the Court Room, the other Room up Stairs 
for a Judge's Room; one of the three Rooms down Stairs for the 
Prothonotary's office, a second for the Grand Jury, and a third for 
the Petit Jury. 

That a Rule of Court was made some Years ago, ordering the 
Prothonotary & Provost Marshal to keep their Offices at the Court- 
house, and thereupon the Provost Marshal kept his office in the 
Grand Jury Room, and the said Officers continued to do Business 
at the Court-house, to the Great Ease & Satisfaction of the Suitors 
and Attornies, who were sure to find the Prothonotary & Marshal 
under the same Roof at Office hours: And the Chief Justice also 
Exercised his Office in the Judge's Room, untill he apprehended 
that the Court-house was in danger of being burnt, from the Fires 
which were kept to accomodate the Dancing Assemblies, and there- 
upon the Chief Justice removed his Library to his own House. That 
the Chief Justice on his Return to this province, did on the Return 
Day of last October-Court, go to the Court Room to hold the Court, 
but he found the Same filled with Soldiers & their Wives, and in 
a very disagreeable Situation, whereupon with the Approbation of 
the Memorialist Mr. Jollie, the Court was adjourned to his House 
for the Reasons mentioned in the Minute of Court hereunto annexed. 

That the, Court continued to be held at the Memorialist Mr. Jollie's 
House, untill he and his Furniture were turned out by Major Gen- 
eral Leslie, when the Court was adjourned from thence to a Room 

84 



at Major Barrow's Quarters, where the Chief Justice at present 
lives. 

That the Acting Provost Marshal did live at the Judge's Room In 
the Court-house untill he was turned out by the Military and he 
now lives at the Hamlet of Ewensburg to the great Inconvenience of 
the Suitors & Attornies. 

That the Bench & Bar at the Court house and most of the Sashes 
being burnt by the Soldiery, and the Court Room totally unfit in 
its present Situation, for the Judges to sit in; it was agreed that 
the Soldiery should have the Same, and that the Barrack Master 
should clear out, repair, & deliver up the House belonging to one 
Lauchlin Mcintosh a person in Rebellion against His Majesty; And 
the Chief Justice considering that the Commissioners of the Court- 
house had the same Power over Mr. Mcintosh's House, so long as 
it was used for the present purpose, as they had over the Court 
house, and he being one of those Commissioners, he did conceive 
that he had a Right to one Room there in lieu of the Judge's Rooin 
at the Court house, and he proposed to order the Prothonotary & 
Marshal to keep their Offices there agreeable to the Rule of Court. 

That the South Room up Stairs in Mcintosh's House is the only 
Room there proper for the Court Room, and the Chief Justice con- 
ceived that there was nothing more wanting than to repair the 
Damage sustained by the Siege, they never had been finished, since 
the House was built, and that it would take a considerable Sum of 
Money to put the Same in proper Condition, even if Materials could 
be obtained for that Purpose. 

That there are two Prisoners to be tried for High Treason and 
several for High Misdemeanors, and the Room in Mcintosh's House, 
in which the Court last sat, is too small, & a very improper Place 
to proceed to the Trial of Criminals in. 

That there is a large Brick Building the Property of a Person 
in Rebellion, at present inhabited by Mr. Tunno a Merchant, which 
has a Room in it as capacious as the Court Room, & is used for 
no other Purpose, as the Memorialists apprehend than to accomo- 
date the Dancing Assemblies, and Mr. Tunno having as the Memorial- 
ists are informed sold off the Remainder of his Cargo, & being a 
Bachelor, it is conceived that the large Room in the said Brick 
Building might without any Inconvenience to the Army be Appro- 
priated for the use of a Court Room and the other Rooms, which 
Mr. Tunno now occupies will answer the Purposes of a Judge's 
Room, & of offices for the Prothonotary & Marshal in lieu of those 
at the Court-house, which the Military have the Benefit of. 

That as Mr. Tunno is a Commissioner of Claims & Agent for the 
Army, it is conceived that he will not obstruct His Majesty's Service, 

85 



and the decent and regular Administration of Justice by refusing 
to deliver up the House (if General Prevost will permit him so to 
do); more especially as the House is the Property of a Refugee 
Rebel. And in lieu of that House Mr. Tunno may have Mcintosh's 
House, in which there are two Rooms in good Repair, & lately in- 
habited by a Hessian Colonel. 

That, the Commissioners of Claims have it not in their Power to 
allot a House for holding the Courts, as General Prevost has taken 
out of their Hands all the Houses called Rebel's Houses, which are 
the most in Number and the best Buildings in Town. 

That, the King, having been graciously pleased to re-establish 
a Civil Government here, and the Military being in Possession of 
the Court house, it is conceived that the Judges and their Officers 
have a Claim to be accomodated by the General with a Court-room 
& proper Offices; and it grieves them to observe that the largest 
and best Buildings in Town have been delivered up to Mrs. Smith 
for a Tavern, and to Mr. Tunno for a Store; whilst the King's Courts 
are bandied about from House to House to the Great Concern of all 
who are well affected to His Majesty and his Government; but to the 
Joy of the Rebels, and their Adherents. 

The Memorialists therefore request Your Excellency to apply to 
General Prevost for the House in which Mr. Tunno lives for the 
purposes aforesaid; and the Memorialists will ever pray, &c. 
Savannah Jany. 10th 1780. 

Anthony Stokes, Chief Justice. 

Martin Jollie, A. J. 
We concur in the above Memorial. 

James Robertson, Atty. Genl. 

Saml. Farley, Atty. at Law. 

John Simpson, Prothonotary. 

P. Hawkins, Acting Prov. Marshal. 

Willm. Stewart, Atty. at Law. 

Wm. Jones, Attorney at Law. 

The Board having taken the said Memorial into Consideration 
were unanimously of opinion, that in the present Situation the Town 
is in, no better place can be had for holding the Courts than Mr. 
Mclntoshe's House which has been procured for that purpose: and 
that the Same must continue to be held there untill the Public 
Court house or some part of it can be repaired for that purpose: 
And advised that workmen be forthwith employed to begin and 
make such Repairs as are most necessary. 



86 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Thursday the 10th Day of February, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency laid before the Board the following Report and 
desired their Opinion thereon. 
Georgia, 

We James Robertson and Samuel Farley two of the magistrates 
who sat on the Trial of a negro Fellow named Sambo charged with 
the murder of George Young beg Leave to represent to His Excel- 
lency the Governor that We conceive the Evidence produced in 
Court, being only presumptive was insufficient in Point of Law to 
prove the Charge against him; And as such Proofs should at all 
Times be cautiously admitted, so more especially in Case of Life; 
We therefore recommend the Prisoner as a proper object of Mercy, 
for better it is that ten guilty Persons should escape, than the Blood 
of one Innocent Man be shed. 

Savannah J. Robertson. J. U. [?] 

Feby 9th 1780 Saml. Farley. 

The Board having considered the said Report, unanimously ad- 
vised that as the Evidence against the Prisoner was only presump- 
tive a Reprieve should be issued to suspend his Sentence, untill it 
shall be further considered, what may be necessary to be done in 
that Behalf. And the same was ordered accordingly. 

His Excellency then laid a petition from David Newsom, and a 
Certificate therewith, before the Board; which was ordered to be 
postponed. 

Ordered that the following notification be published in the Ga- 
zette relative to the Property referred to by the Secretary of State 
in the Minutes of Council of the 4th Inst. 

Council Chamber, 10th Feby 1780. 

His Excellency the Governor having received His Majesty's Com- 
mands to see that due Care be taken of all the Real and personal 
Property in this Province, that hath been deserted, in Order that 
the Produce thereof may be applied for such Purposes as His Ma- 
jesty already hath directed, or hereafter may direct, and amongst 
other Things, to make some Provision for the Subsistence of such 
of His Majesty's Subjects as have suffered by the present Rebellion, 
for their Loyalty and Attachment to the King: And several Gen- 
tlemen, under the Name of Commissioners of Claims, having been 
heretofore appointed for the Purpose of securing such Real and Per- 



sonal Property, and they having frequently complained to His Ex- 
cellency the Governor that, notwithstanding the Endeavors they 
have used to secure such Property, by placing Overseers on the de- 
serted Plantations, to take an Account of the Slaves, produce, Stock, 
and other Personal Property, which have been abandoned by the 
Owners, and to return Inventories thereof to the Commissioners, 
yet such Plantations have been plundered, and a vast personal Prop- 
erty hath, from time to time, been carried away, against the Will 
of such Overseers, and in Defiance of the Authority of the said 
Commissioners: It is therefore hereby strictly forbidden all persons 
whatsoever to intermeddle with any Real or Personal Property in 
this Province, that hath been abandoned by the Owners as aforesaid, 
without the Licence or Authority of the Commissioners of Claims 
for that Purpose first obtained or by due Course of Law, as such 
Delinquents will answer the Contrary at their Peril. And all Per- 
sons who can prove such Depredations or Waste as aforesaid are 
hereby required to attend some Justice of the Peace, and make 
Affidavit thereof, to the End that the same may be returned into 
the Crown Office, and the Offenders punished according to Law. 
And all Magistrates, and others His Majesty's loyal Subjects what- 
soever, are required to be aiding and assisting to the said Commis- 
sioners in the several Matters aforesaid. 

Ordered by His Excellency the Governor in Council, that the 
Notification aforesaid be forthwith made public. 

Extract from the Minutes of Council, by His Excellency's Command 

Geo. D'Erbage, Assistant 
Clerk of the Honorable Council. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Wednesday the 16th Day of February 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board, That the Time of the Pa- 
trole under Captain Howell, from Ogeechee to Canoochie; And that 
under Captain Corker from Canoochie to Newport; would Expire 
on the 21st Instant, and that they all desire to be discharged: And 
desired the opinion of the Board whether the Patrole formerly in- 
tended to be established from Ebenezer across to Ogechee, should 
be carried into Execution. 

The Board having fully considered the Subject, unanimously ad- 
vised, that a Patrole of 25 Men be forthwith employed between Sa- 

88 



vannah and Ogechee Rivers: And Jacob Behler being proposed as 
* proper person for that Service, was accordingly approved of. 

His Excellency then desired the Opinion of the Board on the 
Method to be followed in the Court of ordinary, as far as relates to 
making public the Citations issued in Consequence of Petitions for 
Letters of Administration; the Custom having been to publish 
them, by the Rector of the Parish of Christ Church during Time 
of divine Service: But as he was now absent, His Excellency pro- 
posed the Channel of the Gazette for that purpose, the Expence to 
be borne; by the Parties. 

Which the Board unanimously approved of. 

His Excellency next represented to the Board, that a Prospect 
Seemed approaching when Writs for Electing Members for an As- 
sembly, might issue with Great Propriety; And proposed as Sir 
Henry Clinton with his Army had landed near Charlestown, and the 
Army here under General Pattison would shortly move up the Coun- 
try, to second the Operations of the Commander in Chief of His Ma- 
jesty's Forces in America, That the Secretary should be ordered to 
prepare the Writs, that they may issue, when the Army moves from 
hence. 

The Board were unanimously of opinion, no Juncture could be 
more favorable, for that Purpose, and advised that the Clerk notify 
the Secretary to prepare Writs of Election. And the Same was or- 
dered accordingly. 

His Excellency then informed the Board, application had been 
made to him by Pinkethman Hawkins, late Messenger of the Coun- 
cil, requesting such a Salary as Shall be thought fit, may be allowed 
for his Attendance on that Duty. Which the Board advised should 
be done, as soon as the Same could be ascertained. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Monday, the 24th Day of February, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency laid before the Board the Affidavit of William 
Oldis, Tiddeman Carr, and Benjamin Butler, taken by His Honor 
the Chief Justice, testifying against Ichabod Higgens, one Trevor, 
George Cooper, Richard Butler, Matthew McCummber, a Lieutenant 
Frisby, one Reid, and others, as concerned in making them pris- 
oners, and carrying off several Negroes, and Effects, on Board of 
certain Boats under the pretended authority of the Rebel Governor 

89 



Rutlege: of South Carolina, within the Jurisdiction and Limits of 
this Province: Which being read His Excellency desired the opinion 
of the Board how far with the present State of public Affairs, the 
Parties now in Custody should be prosecuted at Law, for the Crimes 
stated against them in the said Affidavits, with Safety to the Indi- 
viduals now prisoners to the Rebells. 

The Board advised that General Prevost be applied to, and if 
possible keep in Custody the Parties: And if not, that they then be 
committed to the Common Goal. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the following Accounts, 
which were approved of, and ordered for Payment. 

Pinkethman Hawkins Account for sundry Business done for the 
General Courts, £5..0..4. 

James Johnstone (the printer), for printing, one Account 
£12..0..6. Another Accot. £32..8..0. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that He was informed that 
certain Persons, at this Time in the Province, are and have been 
very much suspected of Misbehavior, giving Intelligence to the 
Rebells, and being inimical to Government; on which He desired 
the opinion of the Board. 

On which the Board unanimously advised His Excellency would 
be pleased to write to General Prevost, to know on what Footing 
these people are here, whether as prisoners on Parole, or as having 
received protection from Him: And if the Former that they be re- 
moved or exchanged, as soon as possible, as it is highly necessary, 
such Persons should be suffered to go at large. 

His Excellency then informed the Board that He had been pe- 
titioned by the prisoners confined in the Common Goal, for Relief, 
both from the Distress they are in from the Closeness of their Situa- 
tion (there being but one Small Room), and likewise from the Want 
of Provisions: Which Petition being read. 

The Board were of opinion, that a Copy of the Petition should 
be refered to the Provost Marshal to report thereon, as far as re- 
lates to his office; and that he be desired to acquaint the Prisoners 
that Steps will be taken to procure a Ship for their better Accomo- 
dation. And the Clerk was ordered accordingly. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Monday, the 28th Day of February, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Lewis Johnston, 

John Hume, and 

Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

90 



His Excellency acquainted the Board that the Coroner had re- 
ported to him, the Situation in which he found the Negro Man Sambo 
under Sentence of Death for Murder, and who hath been reprieved 
in Consideration of certain alleviating Circumstances (as set forth 
in former Minutes) untill further Order be given, being in great 
Misery from an ulcerated Leg, and both a Nuisance to himself and 
Other prisoners in so crowded as well as small a place of Confine- 
ment. Which being read. His Excellency observed that it was highly 
improper the Negro should be allowed to return to the Plantation, 
or to remain in the Country, but if Capt. Moore would engage to 
Ship him forthwith out of the Province, never to return. He thought 
the Negro should be delivered up to him on that Condition; and 
the Goaler be authorized to deliver the Negro up to Capt. Moore, 
for that purpose. 

Which the Board approved of, and it was ordered that the Clerk 
send a Copy of this minute to Capt. Moore, and that the Goaler de- 
liver up the Negro to him or his order. 

The Petition of Pinkethman Hawkins, late Messenger of the Coun- 
cil (laid before the Board by His Excellency the 16th Instant) be- 
ing resumed; on Consideration, it was resolved, that he should be 
allowed at the Rate of £50 a Year; for the Time he acted as such. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on Wed- 
nesday the 8th Day of March 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Lewis Johnstone, 

John Hume, and 

Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency represented to the Board, that He had clearly 
understood, that the Army left here by the Commander in Chief, 
under the Command of General Patison, was to have marched to- 
wards Augusta, on which He had proposed, and the Board were then 
of Opinion, that Writs for electing Members of Assembly should be 
issued, when the Army began their March: But He was sorir to 
acquaint them, that the order of March had been since altered, and 
the Army was to take the nearest Route to Charlestown. Therefore 
desired their opinions whether under such Circumstances, the Writs 
should issue, the Country being in the same Situation as before; or 
be postponed untill the Reduction of Charlestown or some more 
favorable Crisis. 

The Board unanimously advised, that the issuing of the Writs of 
Election should be postponed for some time. 

91 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah on Wed- 
nesday the 15th Day of March 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The, Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnstone, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

His Excellency observed that it was absolutely necessary some 
Steps should be taken to cleanse the Town of Savannah, of the 
Filth and other nuisances at present so greatly prevailing and de- 
sired the opinion of the Board on the propriety of allowing an ade- 
quate Encouragement to a proper Person to act as an Overseer under 
the Direction of the Commissioners of the Town and Common; as 
likewise for the Hire of Carriages and Labourers. 

The Board unanimously approved thereof, and advised that an 
Allowance be made for the purposes observed; and that they thought 
such a Person should be allowed 5 /or 6 /per Day. 

His Excellency then acquainted the Board, that the Commissioners 
of Claims had requested to be informed at what Rate the Negroes 
under their Direction ought to be hired out, with an Allowance to 
the Parties hiring, for what necessary Cloathing, the Slaves may 
be in Want of. 

The Board on Consideration of the Matter, agreed in the opinion 
that £5 per annum was a Reasonable Rate, at which to fix the 
Hire of an able working Negro, subject to the Deduction of Cloath- 
ing, and any Time lost in the Small Pox, and other Expences attend- 
ing that Decease. 

The petition of Nicholas Neilson of Hilton Head in South Carolina 
for Leave to be taken under His Majesty's Protection, setting forth 
that he had never acted against Government from Choice, but 
through Necessity, and that he had since, as far as possible con- 
formed to the orders of General Prevost. 

The Board were of opinion that the Consideration of the said 
Petition should be postponed to a future Day, and that the elk 
should be ordered to notify the petitionor accordingly. 

His Excellency observed that the Attorney General had repre- 
sented to him, "That on the 24th Day of January last, he reported 
that Mr. Montaigut the prosecutor of Club on a supposed Matter of 
Felony, had signified to him by Letter his Consent to discontinue that 
Prosecution, on Club's paying the Costs, since which nothing has 
been done in the Matter, And he wishes to know His Excellency's 
pleasure." 

Which representation being read, it was the opinion of the Board, 

92 



that the Attorny General Should enter a Nolo prosequi in the said 
Cause of the King against Club. 

The following Accounts were passed and ordered for payment 

An account of the Honorable Lewis Johnstone Esq. during his 
Presidency of the Council £10..!.. 8. 

An account of J. D. Hammerer for printing, for which an order 
was formerly granted, but lost during the Siege, before Payment 
as certified by the Treasurer, for £14. .7. .6. 

Ordered, That the Clerk notify to the Attorney General to report 
his Opinion on the Mode of appointing Constables and the Readmis- 
sion of attornies in the Superior Courts. 3 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Tuesday the 21st Day of March 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, the Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnstone, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
His Excellency laid before the Board the Petition of John Brown 
and Benjamin Moxey, of New Providence, in the Bahamas, prayg. 
leave may be given them to carry from hence for that place in the 
Schooners Dispatch and Flying Sally a few Tierces of Rice for the 
Support of the Inhabitants of that Island and His Majesty's Troops 
there, as they apprehend they will be shortly in a starving Condi- 
tion. Also the memorial of George Haist, Commander and Part 
Owner and John Wood, of Savannah, Merchant, other part Owner 
of the Ship Rodney, praying permission to take on Board the Quan- 
tity 6 or 700 barrels of Rice, about half the Lading of the said Ves- 
sel, to enable her to proceed without Loss to Europe immediately, 
to return with Supplies, and for other Reasons set forth. 

Which petitions being read. His Excellency observed. That He 
was well informed. Rice was not at present wanted by the Commis- 
sary General for the Use of the Army, and that it was the same in 
the Naval Department, that the Prohibition to export Rice from this 
Province was chiefly laid for the Benefit of His Majesty's Forces; 
Which Reasons no longer subsisting it remained now to be con- 
sidered whether the Prohibition should not cease, either wholly or 
under Regulations. 

The Board advised that the Prayer of Brown and Moxey be grant- 
ed, but not to exceed 60 barrels & to be shipped in the Vessels 



3. The foregoing paragraph Is crossed out in manuscript. 

93 



therein mentioned, and for the Bahamas only: That the Prayer of 
Haiste and Wood be postponed for further consideration: And on 
considering an Act of Assembly formerly passed, empowering the 
Governor with the advice of the Council, to prohibit the Exportation 
of Indian Corn, when the Price exceeds 2/6 Per bushel, and it ap- 
pearing that the price of Corn and Pease doth exceed that Sum, the 
Board therefore advised the Governor to prohibit the Exportation 
thereof; and that the clerk be ordered to notify the Collector to 
give no Clearances to any Vessels to export Corn Peas, &c untill 
further Orders. 

And the same was ordered accordingly. 

It was also further ordered that the Clerk do cause to be inserted 
in the Gazette the following public Notice: 

Council Chamber, 21 March 1780. 

"Whereas, by an Act of the General Assembly of this Province, 
entitled, "An Act to prohibit for a certain Time the exportation of 
Indian Corn," it is enacted, by the 4th Clause thereof, as follows: 
"And whereas it may be necessary after the first day of September 
aforesaid, to prohibit the exportation of Indian Corn at a Time when 
the General Assembly of this province cannot, without manifest In- 
convenience, be called together, be it therefore enacted: That it shall 
and may be lawful to & for the Governor or Commander in Chief, 
for the Time being, at any time or times after the said first Day of 
September during the Continuance of this Act, when the Market 
price of Indian Corn shall exceed two Shillings and six pence per 
bushel, by and with the advice and Consent of His Majesty's Coun- 
cil, either by proclamation or order in Council, to restrain and pro- 
hibit the exporting or carrying without the Limits of this province, 
either by Land or Water, any Indian Corn for such Time, and under 
the Several Penalties by this Act inflicted, or such others as to him 
and them shall appear most necessary and likely to enforce such 
prohibition." And whereas the Market price of Indian Corn is now 
greatly risen above the Price specified: Therefore, for the many 
good purposes intended by the Act aforerecited. It is ordered. That 
from the Date hereof all Exportation of Indian Corn be prohibited, 
from being exported or carried without the Limits of this Province 
either by Land or Water, under the Penalties set forth and intended 
in the said Act, untill further Order be made in this Behalf. And 
that no person or persons may plead Ignorance thereof, public No- 
tice is hereby given of the same. 

By order of the Governor in Council. 
Geo. D'Erbage A.C.C. 



94 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on the 
[blank] Day of March 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Govr. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Govr. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Lewis Johnston, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
His Excellency represented to the Board that He had received 
from General Prevost a Proclamation issued by Sir Henry Clinton, 
K. B. His Majesty's Commissioner for restoring Peace and Good 
Government in the several Provinces in Rebellion in North America, 
offering Pardon for all Treasons and treasonable offences, heretofore 
committed, to all Persons, who shall speedily come in, and return to 
their Allegiance and Duty: And His Excellency observed that the said 
Proclamation seems to be of a very General and Extensive Nature, and 
may possibly be construed to Give Colour to former Inhabitants of this 
Province who were most active in the Rebellion, and who held consid- 
erable Offices Civil and Military under the Rebell Poivers, and even to 
those who had sat as Judges &c, and acted as Jurors in Cases of Life 
and Death, to claim their Pardons under the said Proclamation and 
desired the opinion of the Board thereon. 

The Board having maturely considered the Representation of His 
Excellency was of opinion that if Persons in the above Predicament 
should be intitled to their Pardons, the Same will involve this Province 
in the Greatest Difficulties, and be attended with very injurious Conse- 
quences to His Majesty's Service and the Peace and Welfare of the 
Province, and unanimously advised that Sir Henry Clinton's Proclama- 
tion should be refered to the Attorney General to report his opinion 
how far the same may operate in this Province. 
[Blank space in manuscript] 

Memm. this Entry was sent round, & is without Date, & in the 
Govrs. hand. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Fri- 
day, the 24th Day of March 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet, the Govr. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Gov. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 



95 



His Excellency laid before the Board the following Report of the 
Attorney General. 

[Blank space in manuscript] 

Which being read His Excellency observed that on th^ Resolution 
of the Board to refer the Proclamation to the Attorney General for 
his Report, the Board was then of opinion, that under the Circum- 
stances resulting from such a General Pardon, the Province might 
be filled with Rebells claiming under that Pardon, the Rights and 
Privileges of Subjects, and would thereby from the Operation of 
such a Pardon have an Opportunity, of getting into the Assembly 
whenever called, which Event might totally destroy the Ends pro- 
posed of establishing the King's Government here, and render it of 
little or no Effect; that in Consideration of such obvious Conse- 
quences should the Pardon hereafter operate so generally as is ap- 
prehended His Excellency conceived that it would be proper issue 
Writs forthwith, and desired their Opinion on this very important 
Affair on which so much depended. 

It was the unanimous Opinion of the Board that Writs of Elec- 
tion should be issued immediately: And the Secretary was ordered 
to prepare them accordingly. It was also the opinion of the Board 
that His Excellency should write a Letter to Sir Henry Clinton on 
the Subject Matter of the aforesaid Proclamation. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board several Applications 
from Prisoners confined in the Common Goal, praying to be removed 
from the Same, as being either Sick, or in great Danger from the 
Small pox, and other loathsome Disorders, contracted from the Small- 
ness of the Place. 

The Board having considered the Same, was of opinion that Mr. 
Farley the Provost Marshal should be desired to engage a Physician 
to attend the Sick in Confinement; which they apprehend was all 
that could at present be done for their Relief. And that the Peti- 
tions of Maule and Gibson be refered to the Attorney General that 
in Case he has not strong objections in Law to the prayers thereof, 
that they be allowed in Consideration of the Situation of the Goal, 
and the Same was ordered accordingly; and that Newsom should 
be allowed to take the Oaths to Government on giving Security. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on Sat- 
urday, the 1st Day of April 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esquire, the Lieutenant Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 

96 



Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
Josiah Tattnall, Esquire, attended with His Excellency's Ap- 
pointment as a Member of His Majesty's Council of this Province; 
and the State oaths and Oath of Councillor being administered to 
Him, He took his Seat at the Council Board next to the Honorable 
Lewis Johnston, Esq. agreeable to former Precedency. 

His Excellency then acquainted the Board that He understood Mr. 
Thompson Collector or of the Customs at the Port of Savannah, and 
Mr. McCullogh the late Collector had raised Doubts whether the 
Duties arising here and payable to His Majesty should be paid into 
the Hands of the public Treasurer, or whether they should not be 
remitted to London to thq Commissioners of the American Board of 
Customs? He therefore desired the would consider the Whole Mat- 
ter and report their opinions thereupon. 

This the Board unanimously approved, and advised should be 
done. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Mon- 
day the 3d Day of April 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. Lieut. Governor. 

The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 
His Excellency laid before the Board a petition from several of 
the Inhabitants on Medway and Canoochy Rivers, setting forth, the 
distressful Situations, they are in, from being exposed to the con- 
tinual Depredations of the Rebels, who frequently plunder and mur- 
der the Settlers, and praying to have a party of Horse for their 
Protection, or some other Assistance. 

Which Petition the Board having considered. Advised that an Ab- 
stract thereof should be made, and that His Excellency would trans- 
mit the same to General Prevost, and desire his Assistance in put- 
ting a Stop to these Disorders. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Wed- 
nesday the 5th Day of April, 1780.4 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 



4. Minutes for this session have been published. Thid., 468. The texts are 
almost identical, but names of those present are not listed in other version. 

97 



The Honorable John Graham, Esqr. the Lieut. Govr. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Lewis Johnston, 

Josiah Tattnall, 

John Hume, and 

Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board, that agreeably to their Ad- 
vice at the last Meeting, He had wrote to Genl. Prevost inclosing an 
Extract of the Petition from the Inhabitants of Canoochie and Mid- 
way, concerning the Depredations of the Enemy in those Parts and 
praying Protection: that a Copy of that Letter, the Petition, the 
Answer of the General, and His Reply to it, He now laid before 
them, for their Opinion. 

The Board having taken the same into Consideration, concurred 
with His Excellency the General in lamenting, that he could not 
spare any of the Troops under his Command, for the purpose of es- 
tablishing a post to the Southward as was prayed for: That after 
the numerous Depredations and Murders which have lately been 
committed in this Province, by the Rebells, the Protection of His 
Majesty's Loyal Subjects here, becomes a Business of immediate 
attention, but as the Mode of Protection is a Matter of a Military 
Nature, the Council are not competent to give an Opinion in what 
way that Duty may be best effected; nor whether it should be done 
by the Troops now here, or by embodying others for that Purpose: 
In the Meantime they are unanimously of Opinion, at least some- 
thing further should be done without Delay for the Protection of 
the Settlements below Ebenezer between Savannah and Ogeechee 
River, but in what must be submitted to the General. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Mon- 
day, the 10th Day of April 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. Lieut. Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
Vide paper A. 

The Revd. Mr. John Joachim Zubly, Clerk, being proposed to be 
inserted in the Commission of the peace for the Parish of Christ 
Church. 



98 



It was approved of, and the Clerk ordered to notify the Secretary 
accordingly. 

The Account of Hawkins, as Messenger and Door keeper to the 
Council, being examined, was passed and ordered for payment, 
amount £37. ,13. .5, 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the petition of Richard 
Graves, Reuben Gilder, Thomas Cannon, and John Newson, prison- 
ers in the Common Goal of Savannah, praying to be enlarged on 
Condition of serving in His Majesty's Land Service as Soldiers. 

Which petition being read, together with the Attorney General's 
Notification of the Charge against them and their Characters; the 
Board advised that the Clerk be ordered to inform the Attorney 
General to enter a Noli prosequi in Behalf of all, except Guilder, on 
the Terms they offer; and that Newson as formerly ordered, may 
be otherwise enlarged, if he finds Security for his Good Behavior. 

And the same was ordered accordingly. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Fri- 
day the 14th Day of April 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham Esq. the Lieut. Gov. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, and 
Martin JoUie, Esqrs. 
Ordered for Payment by the Publick Treasurer the Sum of 
£1..15..0. to the Estate of James Muter for Sundries for the Court 
house. 

Ordered for payment by the Treasurer the Sum of £25. .12. .6, to 
Nicholaus Krupp being his Charge for attendance and Cure of John 
Shick, wounded in the late Siege, which was allowed to be a rea- 
sonable Charge on a former Resolution. 

Ordered for Payment by the Treasurer the Sum of £5 to Thomas 
Eppinger for Bricklayer's Work on the Goal. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that He had received Com- 
plaints of Abuses, committed by Butchers and others, for want of 
Commissioners of the Market, and that in and by an Act of the 
General Assembly of this Province, and sundry additional Acts there- 
to, diverse good and wholesome Regulations are settled and estab- 
lished for the Management of the Same, and the Conduct of the 
Butchers and others; and that certain Commissioners are thereby 
appointed to enforce, and see that the same are duly observed and 
attended to; and that it is thereby enacted if any of the said Com- 

99 



missioners shall die, depart the Province, or refuse to act, the Gov- 
ernor and Council may appoint others; and that as the several Com- 
missioners are at present either dead, or absent from this province; 
He therefore proposed that Commissioners should be now appointed 
agreeable to the Powers vested in the Governor and Council: Where- 
upon it was Ordered, that John Simpson, Alexander Thomson, & 
David Zubly, Esqrs, Messrs. James Johnston, William Ross, David 
McCredie, Thomas Flyming, and Matthew Stewart, be appointed, and 
they are hereby appointed Commissioners of the Market, with full 
Authority to use and exercise, all the powers contained in any of 
the Laws relative to the Market, and that the said persons so ap- 
pointed be each of them Served with a Copy of this Order. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Wed- 
nesday the 19th Day of April 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, and 
Martin Jollie, Esquires. 

Ordered for payment an Account of Abimeleck Hawkins for Arti- 
cles to repair the Common Goal. £0..18..0. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Mon- 
day the first day of May 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 

His Excellency represented to the Board that the Writs issued 
for electing Members of Assembly were returnable on the 5th In- 
stant; that He thought it a Matter of Consideration, whether the 
Assembly should then meet, or be prorogued untill the Surrender 
of Charles Town; and the Attack reported as intended to be made 
by the Rebells on the Settlements in this Province, be more fully 
ascertained, or the Country in greater Security from their Depre- 
dations: He therefore desired they would consider the Same and 
give their Opinion thereon. And He further desired their Advice, 
where the Assembly should meet, as the State house from having 
been used as a Military Hospital was at present a very improper 

100 



Place for the Purpose, and besides could not be repaired or put in 
Order for their Reception in a short Time. 

The Board having maturely deliberated on these Propositions, 
advised unanimously, That the General Assembly should at all 
Events meet at the appointed Time, as in Case of any Public Dis- 
turbance, they could empower and enable His Excellency to act in 
Securing the Public Peace, agreeable to the Exigency of the Times, 
and give a Sanction and Encouragement to the Efforts of the In- 
habitants. And in Regard to the Place of Meeting, they were of 
Opinion, the Parsonage House would afford sufficient Room and 
Accomodation, both for the Council and Assembly, for the present 
Juncture. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Thursday the 4th Day of May 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 

His Excellency laid before the Board the following Reports from 
the Commissioners of the Board of Police, and the two former as 
well as present Boards of Claims: Which Reports were made to 
Him, agreeably to an order of Council, issued for that Purpose in 
Consequence of a Letter from His Majesty's Secretary of State, rela- 
tive to the Disposal and Management of the Estates Real and Per- 
sonal of absentees both Loyalists and Rebells in this Province. 

After the said Reports were read, and fully examined, the Board 
was unanimously of opinion, that they were Sufficient to give every 
Information of the Property under the Charge of the Commissioners 
and recommended their being sent to the Secretary of State. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's house in Savannah, on Fri- 
day the 5th Day of May 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Gov. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
The several Writs of Election bearing Date the 25th March last. 



101 



for electing Members to serve in General Assembly for this Pro- 
vince were this Day returned into Council as follows: 

5th API. 1780. Saml. Farley. Jas Moss- | ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^.^^^.^^ 
man, John Simpson, & I ^^ savannah 
Jas. Robertson, Esqrs. \ 

6th Apl. Wm. Jones Esq For the Dist. of Little 

Ogeechee in Christ 
Church Parish. 

7th Apl. Jas. Butler & Thos. Gold- ^ For the District of Gr. 

smith & Simon Munro, Esqrs. L Ogeechee & St. Phillip's 

J parish. 

8th Apl. John Irvine & Joseph For Midway & St. John's. 

Fox, Esqrs. 

10th Apl. Saml. Douglass, Esq For the Dist. of Goshen 

& Abercorn in St. 
Matthew's. 

11th Apl. Alex. Wright, Bazil Cowper, 1 For the Dist. of Ebenezer 
& Nathl. Hall, Esqrs. | & St. Matthew's. 

12th Apl. David Zubly, Esq For the Village of Acton, 

in Christ Church Parish. 

13th Apl. Bazil Cowper, Esq For the Town of Vernonburg 

in Christ Church 

14th Apl. Philip Yonge, Esq For the Islds. of Wilmington, 

Tybee, Skiddaway, and 
Green Islands in Christ 
Church. 

15th Apl. Robt. Baillie & Jas. 1 ^ a* a ., 

„ .,. _ L For St. Andrew s. 

Spalding, Esqrs. f 

17th Apl. Wm. Panton Esq For the Town of Frederica 

& St. James's. 

19th Apl. Saml Douglass, Esq For St. David's. 

2l8t Apl. Robt. Porteous, Esq For St. Patrick's. 

24th Apl. Simon Paterson, Esq For St. Thomas's. 

26th Apl. Wm. Ross, Esq For St. Mary's. 

28th Apl. Alexr. Wylly & John 



} 



„ , _ _ For Halifax & St. George's. 

Henderson, Esqrs. 



102 



The Writ for Augusta & St. Paul's Parish, was returned by the 
Provost Marshal, not executed for the Reasons set forth in an Affi- 
davit of the Returning Officer, annexed to the said Writ, and certi- 
fied by the Provost Marshal; the Substance of the Affidavit being 
as follows: "That He the Deponent Abimelech Hawkins (a Deputy 
authorized by the Provost Marshal to execute the said Writ) received 
on the 25th of April last past, from the Provost Marshal of the 
Province, A Writ of Election for two Representatives to serve in 
General Assembly for the Town of Augusta and Parish of St. Paul, 
with Directions to proceed to Wrightsborough, and to hold the Same 
on the 1st of this Instant, May, That accordingly he set off and after 
proceeding as far as Abercorn, found from universal Report, it was 
impossible to reach the Place of Election without the Utmost Risque 
to His Person, and the Writ he carried; and that under these Cir- 
cumstances he thought it prudent to return. 

Ordered, 

That the said several Writs be given to the Secretary to be de- 
livered to the Clerk of the Commons' house of Assembly. 

Mr. John Mulryne Tattnall attending the State Oaths & Oaths of 
office were administered to him as Clerk of the Commons' house 
of Assembly. 



103 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Tuesday the 9th Day of May 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Gov. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Lewis Johnston, 

Josiah Tattnall, 

John Hume, 

Martin Jollie, and 

James Wright [Junior], Esqrs. 

His Excellency observed to the Board that after several Adjourn- 
ments of the Members of the Commons' house of Assembly, as no 
more had qualified than 15, that it was apprehended more could not 
presently qualify, there being several Members absent, besides some 
Double Returns, And one District had not returned any Member 
tho' intitled to send three, That by Resolutions of the Commons' 
house the Number constituting a Quorum was after several Varia- 
tions, fixed by them at 18 Members with the Speaker, That He 
therefore desired they would consider the Matter and give their 
Opinions, whether such Variations from the Original Quorum, are 
constitutional or not, That if not, whether the House should not be 
taken as formed with the present Number, or if it is not, that then, 
whether from the Necessity of the Thing, they should not be taken 
as a House, and proceed to Business, or whether He should not pro- 
pose to the Members that when they had formed a House, they 
should immediately acquaint Him therewith. 

The Board unanimously concurred in Opinion that the last Propo- 
sition would answer every purpose. 

104 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on 
Tuesday the 16th Day of May 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Gov. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lt. Gov. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
John Hume, 
Martin JoUie, and 
James Wright [Junior], Esqrs. 
Sundry Accounts against the Public, were examined and ordered 
for Payment. 

Joseph Farley, Esq. as Prov. Mars, for maintenance of Prisoners 
£45. .19. .4. 

The Honble. M. Jollie, Esq. for Negro & Cart hire & spades, for 
cleansing the. Town of Savannah £10. .13. .8. 

Donald Eraser, Esq. for holding Elections £3 8. 

Frederick Fahm, for Smith's Work on the Common Goal of Sa- 
vannah £5. .7. .6. 

John Todd, for Negro Work, for cleansing the Town of Savannah, 
Ordered 11th May last £32..14..0. 

George Kidd, for overseeing the Cleansing of the Town of Savan- 
nah, Ordered 11th May last £9..0..0. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Monday the 29th Day of May 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Govr. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, 
Martin Jollie, and 
James Wright [Junior], Esqrs. 
Ordered for payment James Humphrey's Accot. as Sexton of 
Christ Church £13. .6. .8. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Thursday, the 1st Day of June 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Govr. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 

105 



Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 

Ordered, that George Sloan and David Russell, be appointed to 
keep His Majesty's Peace in the Parish of St. George. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a Petition from Moses Nunes, 
requesting His Certificate to enable him to receive his Salary as 
Interpreter of the Creek Nations; which the Board approved as very 
reasonable. 

George Kidd's Account for cleansing the Town of Savannah or- 
dered for Payment £6..9..0. 

Ditto another Account for ditto, ordered for payment £4..5..0. 

John Todd's Accot. for cleansing the Town aforesd. ordered for 
Payment £14. .15. .8. 

The Honble.. Josiah Tattnall, Esq. Account for Timber & Car- 
penters to fence in the Cemetary £14. .18. .4. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Friday the 9th Day of June 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Govr. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Josiah Tattnall, and 
John Hume, Esqrs. 
His Excellency represented to the Board, that He was informed 
Mr. Glen, Rebel Chief Justice of the pretended State of Georgia, 
intended to have embarked on Board a Vessel at Charles Town in 
order to come to this Province, but was then prevented by Accident: 
His Intention of coming being however thus known, He therefore 
desired the Opinion of the Board what Conduct should be pursued 
by Him towards Mr. Glen, as it would be a precedent in such Cases, 
for as many as may come into this Province under the like Circum- 
stances of having borne Offices under the Rebel Government, or 
otherwise favored it. 

The Board having maturely considered the same, Unanimously 
advised that the Matter should be refered to the Attorney General 
to report thereon his Opinion, and that as soon as possible. 
And the Same was ordered accordingly. 

Ordered that James Downie, Esq. & Charles McDonald Esq. be ap- 
pointed to keep His Majesty's Peace in the Parish of St. Andrew. 



106 



At a Council held at His Excellency's house in Savannah, on Sat- 
urday the 10th Day of June 1780.1 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Govr. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lt. Gov. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Josiah Tattnall, and 
John Hume, Esqrs. 
His Excellency laid before the Board the following Report from 
the Attorney General, on the Matter proposed at the last Council. 
May it please Your Excellency 

I have considered the Subject Matter of the Minute of Council 
of Yesterday refered to me: And I am of opinion, Mr. Glen the 
Rebel Chief Justice, should not in Decency be suffered to remain 
here unmolested; but that the same Conduct, as is observed to lesser 
offenders, should I humbly conceive be pursued as to him, and every 
other Offender; particularly those, who held Offices under the 
Rebel Powers, and such, whose Rank, and Influence, gave them an 
Ascendancy over the Multitude. 

I have the Honour to be Your Excellency's 
most obedt. hble. Serv. 
James Robertson, Att. Genl. 
Sava. 10 June 1780. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Bart. &ca 

Which being read the Board was of Opinion, that the Clerk should 
be directed to acquaint the Attorney General, to take such Measures 
as he shall think proper and the Nature of the Case may require in 
Regard to Mr. Glen and others now arrived in Town who have borne 
offices or been otherwise Active in Rebellion. 
And the same was ordered accordingly. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the Petition of William 
Bryan praying to be permitted to take the Oath of Allegiance to His 
Majesty, and to be admitted to the Privileges of a Good Subject, 
being fully sensible of the Errors of his past Conduct in opposing 
His Majesty's Government. 

On which Petition the Board, was of Opinion, that in Considera- 
tion of his having come in, before the Surrender of Charles Town, 
provided he can bring a Recommendation signed by some of His 
Majesty's Loyal Subjects, persons of Character in his Behalf; And 
further give Security for his Good Behavior for 12 months, as done 
by Others; he may be permitted to take the oaths to Government. 



1. Not rrported as a session of Council. Only the letter of James Robertson 
is included In other version. See Allen D. Candler, ed.. The Colonial Records oj 
the State of Oeorgia (Atlanta, 1907), XII, 475. 

107 



At a Council held at His Excellency's house in Savannah, on 
Monday the 12th Day of June 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Gov. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lt. Gov. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 

His Excellency laid before the Board the Petition of John Glen, 
John Sutcliffe and Dr. James Houstoun, shewing that they (the 
Petitioners) arrested and in Confinement under a Warrant and 
Mittimus issued by the Honorable Anthony Stokes, Barrister at Law, 
Chief Justice of the Province, for Treason, and adhering to His 
Majesty's Enemies in Rebellion. That they (the petitioners) are 
willing to take their Trial for the offence aforesaid. And for that 
purpose have tendered and offered Bail or Security for their Ap- 
pearance at the next General Sessions of the Peace, But as the Attor- 
ney General conceives, that they (the Petitioners) cannot be bailed 
without the Consent and Approbation of His Excellency. They there- 
fore pray His Excellency will be pleased to take their Case into Con- 
sideration, and Consent to their being bailed to appear at the next 
Sessions of the Peace at Savannah, to take their Trial for the Offence 
af foresaid; or any other Charge that may be then and there exhibited 
against them, or otherwise as to His Excellency may seem meet. 

On the prayer of which Petition His Excellency observed. That 
He conceived it was not the Intention of the Crown at any Time to 
make the Situation of any Person, under a Charge of Criminality 
more difficult or distressing than may be absolutely necessary; And 
that all which is meant is, that Common Right and Justice be done 
to the Crown and Country; That He conceived these Matters lay 
not with Him, but as far as they may, He proposed it should be left 
to the Attorney General, to use his Discretion, as the Circumstances, 
of the Case shall appear. 

The Board on full Consideration of the Subject, advised that the 
Matter be left to the Discretion of the Attorney General, whether 
the Parties may be admitted to Bail or not, as the Nature of the 
Case may appear, considering at the same time the Heat of the 
Season and the Confined State of the Common Goal. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the Petition of several 
Seamen under Confinement in the Common Goal, on a charge of 
Piracy, praying to be brought to a speedy Trial. 

Which being read, the Board was of opinion, the Same should be 
refered to the Attorney General. 

108 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Wednesday the 14th Day of June 1780.2 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Gov. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Gov. 
The Honorable Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency laid before the Board a Letter and Petition from 
Mr. John Glen, 3 also a Certificate of several Inhabitants in favour 
of him: On which His Excellency made some Observations, and re- 
fered them to the Board. 

The Board having considered the Subject, unanimously advised 
That the Clerk should write to Mr. Glen that he may be admitted 
to take the Oath of Allegiance &c, to His Majesty whenever he 
pleases, but it is conceived the Governor has no Right to grant a 
Pardon or stay proceedings in Cases of High Treason; the Com- 
missioners appointed by His Majesty for restoring Peace in America 
are invisted with full Powers to grant Pardons, for all Offences 
committed against the Crown during the Rebellion: And that Mr. 
Glen should apply to the said Commissioners for Relief, it not being 
in the Governor's Power to grant the Prayer of his Petition in that 
Particular. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Sat- 
urday the 17th Day of June 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, Governor 
The Honorable Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency represented that many Complaints had been made 
against a Set of Men called McGirth's people, for robbing, murder- 
ing, distressing, and breaking up the Settlements in this Province, 
that it appeared to him highly necessary to issue immediately a 
Proclamation, and not only call upon the Country to seize upon and 
bring to Justice these people so offending, but offer both pardon 
and Reward for that purpose on their Conviction. 

The Board unanimously approved of the same and advised the 
Reward should be £50. And the Secretary was ordered to prepare 
a Proclamation accordingly. 



2. Minutes of this session have been published. Ibid., 478. Texts are almost 
Identical, but names of those present not listed in other version. 

3. Mr. Glen's "Memorial and petition" is included in other version. Jhid., 
476-77. 

109 



The following Accounts were examined and ordered for Payment, 
Benjamin Wright's Accot. for carting Wood for Bonfires £0..14..0. 
Colin McLachlan's Accot. for cheese for the Militia. 3..3..0. 
Tallemache's & Wallace's Accot. for Rum for the Soldiers and 
Populace, on the Reduction of Charlestown 26. .7. .2. 

Cecil & Wood's Accot. for Bread & Rum for the Militia 8. .6. 
Todd & Kidd for Wood &c 4. .16. .4. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's house in Savannah, on 
Thursday the 2 2d Day of June, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 

His Excellency laid before the Board a petition, from John Sut- 
cliffe praying to be admitted to take the Oaths to Government & 
to be discharged from Custody, in Consideration of the peacableness 
& Inoffensiveness as he alledges of his past Conduct. 

On Considering of which Petition, the Board advised that the 
Clerk be directed to acquaint him, that his Petition had been con- 
sidered and that he may whenever he pleases be admitted to take 
the oaths to Government; but in Regard to proceedings at Law, 
against him, the Governor cannot interpose, nor can he grant a 
Pardon for High Treason; none but His Majesty's Commissioners 
for restoring peace, being authorized for that Purpose in North 
America. 

His Excellency then represented to the Board, the Necessity there 
was of putting the Public Buildings in Repair, and at the same 
the Difficulty of obtaining Materials and Undertakers, and proposed 
that a notification be inserted in the Georgia and South Carolina 
Gazettes to that Purpose. 

Which the Board unanimously agreed to and the following Notifi- 
cation was Ordered accordingly. 
Georgia. Council Chamber, June 22, 1780. 

Ordered, That the Court-house in the Town of Savannah, in the 
said Province be forthwith Repaired. 

Ordered, That a Common Goal and Work-house, be forthwith 
built in the said Town. 

Ordered, That public notice hereof be given in the Georgia and 
South Carolina Gazettes. 

In Consequence of these Orders, all Persons willing to contract 

110 



for furnishing Materials, and finishing in a workmanlike manner 
any or all of the premises aforesaid, are hereby desired to send their 
proposals without Delay, under Cover, sealed up, and directed to 
George D'Erbage, Esq. Assistant Clerk of the Council, at the Secre- 
tary's office in Savannah, with their direction or Address, in Case 
their Proposals are approved of. 

Geo. D'Erbage A. C. C. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Thursday, the 29th Day of June 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor 
The Honorable Josiah Tattnall, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqr. 

His Excellency observed that the Commons' house of Assembly 
on a Memorial of the Revd. Mr. Brown, the officiating Clergyman 
of Christ Church parish, had made several Resolutions in his Favour 
in which they offer to make good the Sum of ten Guineas Monthly 
if approved of by His Excellency, in order the better to enable him 
to fulfill his Clerical Function. 

Which Resolutions being read, and the Memorial of Mr. Brown, 
the Board, highly approved of the same, and advised the Sum of 30 
Guineas be advanced to him, by Mr. Robertson, out of such public 
Money as he may have in his hands. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board a Petition of Elizabeth 
Graham convicted of having feloniously harbored and concealed, 
with Intention to convey the Same out of the Province, two Negro 
Slaves belonging to Thomas Fenwick, Esq. and praying to be par- 
doned the Penalty, on Condition of transporting herself from this 
Province never to return. 

Which being read, and the Nature of the Prayer considered, the 
Board was of opinion. That a Pardon should be granted on the 
Terms aforesaid. 

His Excellency next acquainted the Board, that it was necessary 
to fill up all the Vacancies in the Commissioners for the several 
Roads throughout the Province, and proposed that John Mulryne, 
The Honble. Josiah Tattnall, George Baillie, James Irvine, Robert 
Porteous, Philip Yonge and Robert Reid, shall be Commissioners for 
the Orphan House Road and Skiddoway, and that William Jones, 
Charles Younge, David Johnston, Robert McCormick and Nicholas 
Hayner, shall be Commissioners for the White Bluff Roads, and that 
William Jones, Isaac Baillou, Joseph Fox, John Fox, and Stephen 
Millen shall be Commissioners for the Road to Ogechee Ferry, and 

111 



that James McKay, James Butler, Walter Brown, Roger Kelsall, 
Simon Munro, Benjamin Baker, and Thomas Goldsmith, shall be 
Commissioners for the Road from the other Side of Ogechee Ferry 
to Midway, Newport, and Sunbury; and that Robert Baillie, Rod- 
erick Mcintosh, Charles McDonald, William Ross, and James Downie, 
shall be Commissioners for St. Andrew's Parish; and that Thomas 
Gibbons, Benjamin Farley, Joseph Fox and John Fox, shall be Com- 
missioners for the Newington Road; and that Lachlan McGillivray, 
John Murray, Basil Cowper, Nathaniel Hall, and Samuel Douglass, 
shall be Commissioners for the North west Road as far as Christ 
Church Parish extends; and that the Revd. Mr. Christopher Fred- 
erick Treibner, Thomas Flyming, Nathaniel Polhill, Jacob Behler, 
and John Goldwire shall be Commissioners for the said Road in 
the Parish of St. Matthew; and that Matthew Lyle, David Russell, 
Samuel Montgomery, David Woods, George Sloane, and Robert 
Irvine, shall be Commissioners of the Roads in St. George's parish; 
and that James Grierson, Joseph Maddock, Jonathan Sail, James 
Seymour, and William Goodgion, shall be Commissioners for the 
Roads in St. Paul's Parish. 

All which was unanimously approved of by the Board, and it was 
Ordered. 

That the said several Persons be, and they are hereby nominated 
and appointed Commissioners of the said several Roads; and it Is 
strongly recommended to them that they forthwith give notice to 
all Parties concerned, that they work upon the several Roads at 
and for such Time and Times as the said Commissioners shall judge 
necessary and proper. 

And it was further Ordered, 

That this appointment be published in the Gazette. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's house in Savannah, on 
Tuesday, the 11th Day of July 1780. 

Present, 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Govr. 
The Honorable John Hume, and 

Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
Mr. James Grierson, attended the Board with Sir Patrick Hous- 
toun and Mr. Andrew McLean, and the following Declarations made 
by the last two were taken and ordered to be entered. 

Sir Patrick Houstoun, Baronet, being desired to explain his Con- 
duct during the late Rebellion in this Province, declared as follows: 
That he parted with His Excellency sometime in January 1776, 
and went immediately to the River Saint Mary, in Search of a Vessel 

112 



in Order to load the Same with Rice, and proceed to England there- 
in; that having found a Vessel, he proceeded with that Intention to 
his Plantation on the River Alatamaha; but at that Time the Pro- 
hibitory Act of Parliament being passed, and received in this Pro- 
vince, the Vessel was seized by Capt. Grant, Commander of the 
King's Armed Schooner Saint John; that every Endeavor to recover 
the Same being ineffectual, he remained unmolested during that 
Year in the Southern Parts of the Province, when a dropsical Com- 
plaint occasioned him to follow the Advice of changing the Climate; 
in pursuance of which, he was sometime in making Journeys in dif- 
ferent Parts as far as Philadelphia, Albany and Boston, merely on 
that Account; that he returned to this Province in November 1777, 
and in December 1777, or January 1778, having made a Purchase 
on the Carolina Side near Augusta, he retired there, leading a pri- 
vate Life; and that he had never borne Arms or accepted any Office 
Civil or Military under the Rebellion; but on the Invasion of the 
French, he received peremptory Orders to go down with the Army 
to the Siege of Savannah, as a Militia Man, but carried no Arms, 
except Pistols, which he generally rode with. All which, was cor- 
roborated by Mr. James Grierson and Mr. Andrew McLean, who 
further declared that the Rebels always regarded Sir Patrick Hous- 
toun as a Tory, and that they had been severely questioned and 
treated for going to dine with him. 

Mr. Andrew McLean, being desired to explain his Conduct during 
the late Rebellion in this Province, declared as follows: 

That he neither carried Arms, or gave, or received Orders, from 
the Rebells; that he had been always considered by the Rebells as 
a Person inimical to their Party; that however General Mcintosh 
on the Invasion of the French sent for him, and acquainted him 
with the Force Savannah would be invested by, and observed that 
his Intention in sending for him was merely to save him, as his 
Principles were regarded in an unfavorable Light by the Party, that 
now the Prospect of being presently in Possession of Savannah was so 
certain, he (the General) wished he would think properly of his Situa- 
tion, and come down with the Army to Savannah, and he should be at 
Liberty to act or not as he (McLean) might think fit; This proposal 
offered merely to serve him in the embarrassed Circumstances, he 
was then in, induced him to come down with the Rebell Army, but 
with a firm Resolution to take no active Part in Favor of Rebellion, 
but to use all his Endeavors to assist the Inhabitants of Savannah, 
in Case that Place had been taken, which every appearance made 
then too probable. 



113 



At a Council held at His Excellency's house in Savannah, on 
Monday the 17th Day of July, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the. Lieut. Governor. 
The Honorable John Hume, and 

Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency laid before the Board from the Attorney General 
Drafts of the Form of Proceedings to be followed by the Parties 
named in the Disqualifying Act, who may solicit to be freed from 
the Inabilities they are under, by Virtue thereof. 

Which being examined were approved of, by the Board, and Or- 
dered to remain with the Clerk to be followed in such Cases. 

His Excellency then observed that Mr. D'Erbage as the Deputy 
Secretary waited for Orders, about the Publication of the Acts 
passed in the late Sessions of the General Assembly, whether there 
ought not an Edition thereof to be published forthwith. 

Which the Board approved of, and advised that the Printer should 
be ordered to print off, as many Copies of the said Acts as are neces- 
sary to furnish the Governor, the Members of both Houses of As- 
sembly, and the Officers of Government with each a Copy. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House, in Savannah, on 
Monday the 24th Day of July 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Governor. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency having represented to the Board the urgent Neces- 
sity, there was for continuing or reviving the Commissions of the 
Loan Office & Pilotage; proposed that Mr. Wylly, should be wrote 
to by the Clerk for such Information as he may be able to give in 
either Case, it appearing that he formerly acted as a Commissioner 
in both Offices. 

And it was ordered accordingly. 

The petition of Mr. Andrew McLeane of Augusta, Merchant, was 
read, setting forth, that his Conduct during the late Rebellion in 
this Provce. had been greatly misrepresented, for that so far from 
being actively concerned in the said Rebellion or any of the un- 
lawful Proceedings carried on in the province, he was always es- 
teemed a suspected Person by the Rebells, and a Friend to the 

114 



King's Government, and that he had suffered Imprisonment on that 
Account, of all which he can give such Proofs as he hopes will be 
satisfactory; And therefore prays to be restored to the Rights of 
a Loyal Subject. 

In support of the said petition an Affidavit of the said McLean, 
and an Affidavit of the Honorable Lewis Johnston Esq. also a 
Declaration of James Grierson, Esq. were read, tending to prove 
the Allegations of the said Petition. 

His Excellency now desired the Sense of the. Board: When they 
were unanimously of Opinion, that the said Andrew McLean had 
discovered and proved himself to the Satisfaction of the Governor 
and Council to be deserving of having the Disqualifications imposed 
by the said Act, removed and taken off in th^ Whole, and to be re- 
stored to all the Advantages, privileges and Immunities which he 
heretofore enjoyed. 

And it was ordered that an Order of Council agreeable to this 
Minute and the Draft prescribed for this Purpose be prepared by 
the Clerk, and given to the said Andrew McLean in Confirmation 
of the Above. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on 
Tuesday the 1st Day of August 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Governor. 
The Honble. Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board whether it was 
not necessary to fill up the Vacancies in the Commissioners of the 
Loan Office: And the same being thought adviseable, the Honorable 
Lewis Johnston, Josiah Tattnall, and Martin Jollie, Esquires, to- 
gether with Alexander Wylly and James Robertson, Esquires, were 
proposed to be Commissioners of the Loan Office of the Province of 
Georgia. 

And the said several Persons are hereby nominated and appointed 
Commissioners as aforesaid. 

Ordered, That the Clerk of the Council notify the same to the 
said several Persons, and also that this Appointment be published 
in the Gazette. 

His Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board whether it was 
not necessary to fill up the Vacancies in the Commissioners of Pilots 
and Pilotage: And the Same being thought adviseable, Messieurs 

115 



John Wood, Owen Owens, John Wallace, Samuel Douglass, William 
Ross, John Storr, and Patrick Crookshanks, were nominated to be 
Commissioners of Pilots and Pilotage of the Province of Georgia. 

And the said several persons are hereby nominated and appointed 
Commissioners as aforesaid. 

Ordered, that the Clerk of the Council notify the same to the 
said several Persons, and also that this Appointment be published 
in the Gazette. 

Ordered, on an application from the Dep. Secretary, concerning 
the proper person, to make the marginal References or Notes, to 
the late Acts of Assembly, when the same are to be published. That 
the Dep. Secretary do make out the Same, and Charge the public 
for his Trouble. 

Ordered, on an application from the Assistant Clerk of the Coun- 
cil, requesting that the Rough Minutes of Council, during the late 
Clerk of the Council's holding that Office, be copied out fair by 
him, That the Assistant Clerk do write to Mr. Wylly and acquaint him, 
that His Excellency in Council, desires he will forthwith have the 
said Minutes copied fair. 

Ordered, on an application from the Assistant Clerk of the Coun- 
cil, setting forth that there appeared nothing in the Fee Act, for 
the extraordinary Business in his office incident to the Disqualify- 
ing Act, and requesting he may be allowed some Consideration for 
such Trouble, That the Assistant Clerk do charge the Parties as far 
as the Fee Act may set forth, and otherwise take Fees agreeable 
to the Nature of the Business done. 

A Petition from William Murphy setting forth the distressed Sit- 
uation of himself and Family, and praying Relief, being Read, to- 
gether with a Letter from Mr. Nathl. Hall to His Excellency in 
behalf of said Murphy. Ordered that 4 Guineas from the Charitable 
Fund be given to the said Petitioner. 

The Blank Forms & Rolls of the State Oaths being reported by 
the Deputy Secretary to be ready, agreeably to Order of Council 
for the assistance of the Magistrates in executing the Disqualifying 
Act: Ordered that 2 Rolls of the State Oaths be sent to each of the 
Parishes of St. Paul, St. George, St. Andrew, St. Philip, and 1 Roll 
to the Parish of St. Matthew; and that the Blank Forms be dis- 
tributed among the Magistrates. 

His Excellency now laid before the Board a Petition from the 
Inhabitants of the Ceded Lands, the said petition being wrote, and 
also subscribed in the Names of the said Inhabitants, at their desire 
by William Manson, in Truth of which the said Manson has an- 
nexed his Affidavit properly executed. This petition in Substance 
the Same with that from the Inhabitants of Augusta being read, His 

116 



Excellency desired the Opinion of the Board thereon; When after 
due Consideration thereof, It was Ordered that the same Answer 
be returned as was to the Augusta Petition. 

Ordered, that the Revd. Mr. Zubly be authorized to pay Dr. Meyer 
for the Cure of Christian Dasher 10 Guineas. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on 
Monday the 7th Day of August, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Governor 
The Honble. Anthony Stokes, 

Josiah Tattnall, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency desired the opinion of the Board, whether it was 
not necessary to fill up the Vacancies in the Commissioners for 
Great Ogeechee Ferry: And the same being thought adviseable, 
James Mackay, James Butler, Roger Kelsall, William Struthers, 
Isaac Baillou, and Joseph Fox, Esqrs. were nominated to be Com- 
missioners of the said Ferry. 

And the said several Persons are hereby nominated and appointed 
Commissioners as aforesaid. 

Ordered, That the Clerk of the Council notify the same to the 
said several Persons, and also that this appointment be published 
in the Gazette. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on Sat- 
urday the 12th Day of August, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. Lieut. Governor. 
The Honble. Anthony Stokes, and 

Lewis Johnston, Esqrs. 
Ordered, that the names of the Revd. James Seymour, Clerk Wil- 
liam Goodgion, Andrew Johnston, Andrew McLean, and Isaac parry 
[sic] be inserted In the Commission of the Peace as Magistrates for 
St. Paul's Parish. 

Also the names of Thomas Waters and John Howard, as Magis- 
trates for the Ceded Lands. 

And also the Names of the Honorable Josiah Tattnall, Esq. and 
Thomas Brown, Esq. Superintendant of Indian Affairs as Justices 
of Quorum. 

Ordered, that Commissions be made out for the following Gen- 

117 



tlemen, in the 2d Regiment of Foot Militia commanded by Colonel 
Grierson. 

Alexander McLean, Captain, James Stewart, Lieut, and James 
Wetherby, Ensign, in the 1st Company, or the Augusta District. 
George Downs, Captain, Edward Ashton, Lieut, and Isaac Skinner 
Ensign, in the 2d Company or the District above Reas Creek. Theo- 
philus Daes, Captain [blank] McNear, Lieut, in the 3d Company 
or the District of Eugee Creek. 

Lewis Gardner, Captain, Rheese Howard Lieut, in the 4th Com- 
pany or the District above Eugee Creek. 

Isaac Perry, Captain, in the 5th Company or District of the Kiokas. 
James Bishop, Captain, Samuel Hart, Lieut, in the 6th Company or 
District of Wrightsborough Township, from the Town upwards. 
George Phillips, Captain, David Dawson, Lieut, in the 7th Company 
or District of Spirit Creek. 

Jacob Watson, Captain, James Coates, Lieut, in the 8th Company 
or the District of Wrightsborough Township from the Town down- 
wards towards Augusta. 

George Nichols, Captain, John Lang, Lieut, in the 9th Company 
or District of Wrightsborough Township, about Williams Creek. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on Mon- 
day the 21st Day of August 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Governor. 
The, Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Lewis Johnston, 

Josiah Tattnall 

John Hume, and 

Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 

Read a petition from several of the Inhabitants in Saint Philips 
Parish, representing the Inconveniency they are under in attending 
Militia Duty, at a very great Distance from their respective Resi- 
dences; and praying that Luke Mizzel may be appointed Captain 
of the Militia for their District. 

Ordered, that the clerk write to Lt. Coll. Lyle, to inquire into 
the Merits of the Petition, and into the Character of the said Mizzel 
and how far he is proper for the Service. 

Read an Account of Coll. Philip Moore against the Public for 
Necessaries supplied at his Expence for the Use of the Militia during 
the Siege of the Town. 

Ordered that the Clerk write to Coll Moore, to acquaint him that 
the Account is allowed, excepting the article of the Sails used for 

118 



Tents; which being no more than was generally done from the dif- 
ferent Vessels, and without any Charge being brought for the Same, 
a partial allowance cannot be made on that Accot. to him, for a 
Service so generally gone into. 

Read a petition from John Stacey praying to be admitted to take 
the Oath of allegiance to His Majesty, and receive Protection. Also 
read a Letter from the Revd. Mr. Zubly in that Behalf. 

Ordered that a Letter be sent to the Revd. Mr. Zubly to acquaint 
said Stacey, that on his complying with the Forms of the Disqualify- 
ing Act, before a Magistrate having the State Oaths prescribed, he 
may on calling at the Clerk of the Council's Office, see the Form of 
the Petition where Indulgence from these Disqualifications is de- 
sired. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's house, in Savannah, on Mon- 
day the 28th Day of August 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. Lieut. Governor. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency laid before the Board a Letter from the Commis- 
sioners of Pilotage, on the Allowance to the Pilot for a Boat, and 
desired their opinion on the Subject. 

On which the Board was of opinion that the application with 
Respect to the Pilots not being answerable for the £150 in Case 
of the Boat, being taken or lost, while on actual Service, must be 
made to the General Assembly, and does not lye with the Governor 
and Council to determine upon. 

His Excellency then desired the opinion of the Board on a Letter 
from Mr. Mossman, in Behalf of Mr. James Houstoun's coming into 
this Province. Which being read, the Board was of opinion, the Gov- 
ernor ought not to interfere in that Matter. 

Ordered, that the clerk write to the several Magistrates having 
Rolls of the State Oaths, and strongly enjoin them peremptorily to 
carry the Disqualifying Law into Execution, agreeably to the Tenor 
thereof, which allows of no Discretionary Powers, but in the Gov- 
ernor and Council, to whom all applications for Relief in that Re- 
spect must be made. 

Read a Letter from Daniel Crawford proposing to undertake the 
Brickwork of the Public Buildings in Savannah. 

Ordered, that Mr. Crawford be advised to come to Savannah, as 

119 



his proposals cannot so well be understood, unless he be present, 
and that he may depend on meeting with Encouragement, at the 
same Time that he inquires whether any Person of his Acquaintance 
will undertake the Carpenter's Work; and that he brings such Per- 
son with him. 

Also Ordered, That the Direction and Inspection of such Public 
Works, be. under the Honorable Lewis Johnston, Josiah Tattnall 
and Martin Jollie, Esquires; and that such Engagements as it may 
be necessary to make or enter into with the Workmen be made and 
done by them or any two of them. 

His Excellency observed to the Board that He had frequent Com- 
plaints of Masters of Vessels carrying off Negroes in their Vessels, 
which had been very much practiced of late, and which seemed to 
be a growing Evil: He therefore desired their opinion and proposed 
that the Attorney General be desired to examine the Laws relative 
to this Matter, that he draw up a Notification of the Penalties in 
such Cases; and that the same be published in the Gazette, that no 
Person may plead Ignorance thereof. All which the Board unani- 
mously approved of. 

Ordered,4 that Commissions be made out for the following Per- 
sons as Officers in the 4th Regiment of Foot Militia, commanded 
by Lieut. Coll. Matthew Lyle. 

William Corker, Capt. John Johnston, Lieut, and Edward Corker, 
Ensign, in the 1st Company, or the District from Walker's Mill 
Creek, up Briar Creek to the Line in St. George's Parish. 

John Morrison, Capt. John Ervine, Lieut, and James Archer, Ens. 
in the 2d Company or District from Livingston's Fording to the Head 
of Buckhead and in a direct Line from that to Richard Burney's on 
Lambert Big Creek. 

Edward Pilcher, Capt. Benjamin Brantly, Lieut, and Edward Cas- 
well, Ens. in the 3d Company or the District on the north Side of 
Briar Creek from Reas Road and upwards. 

Daniel Howel, Capt. Jerry Atkison, Lieut, and Jonathan Wood 
Ens. in the 4th Company or the District from the Lower Part of the 
Parish of St. George, up Ogeechee to the Mouth at Bark Camp, and 
from thence to the old Indian Road on Buckhead. 

William Read, Capt. Robert Woolfington, Lieut, and Thomas 
McCroon, Ens. in the 5th Company or the District from Sandy Run 
up the New Road to Rocky Creek to the head thereof, and to Walk- 
er's Mill Creek. 

James Lambert, Capt. Jacob Thompson, Lieut, and Peter Oglevie, 



4. This paragraph and those following to the end of this session are crossed 
out in the manuscript. 

120 



Ens. in the 6th Company or the District on the Southside of Briar 
Creek from the Beaver Dams to Sandy Run. 

John Wilson Capt. John Montgomery Lieut, and David Cavenah, 
Ens. in the 7th Company or the District from the Mouth at Bark 
Camp to Livingston's Fording on Buckhead, with a direct Line to 
the Head of Black Jack Branch. 

John Fleming, Capt. John Brown, Lieut, and John Martin, Ens. 
in the 8th Company or the District from Lambert's Big Creek to 
the Fork of Rocky Comfort. 

Henry Ferguson, Capt. in the 9th Company or the District in the 
Fork between Savannah River and Bryar Creek. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on Fri- 
day the 8th Day of September, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
John Hume, and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 
His Excellency acquainted the Board that He had received a 
Letter from Coll. Grierson at Augusta, by which it appears that 
none of the Magistrates assigned to keep the Peace in the Parish of 
St. Paul and District of Augusta, had qualified but the Revd. James 
Seymour, Clerk, and William Goodgion: And that he recommends 
the following Persons for Officers to serve in the Militia in his Regi- 
ment, viz. in the 4th Company Robert Story, as Captain, and Benja- 
min Upton as Ensign, in the 5th Company David Crook as Cap- 
tain, James Waters, as Lieut, and John Coombs as Ens.; in the 6th 
Company William Phelps as Capt. & Randal Ramsay Junr. as Lieut.; 
in the 9th Company Joseph Wilder as Capt. Richard Beaufield as 
Lieut.; And William Goodgion to be Lieut. Colonel and Andrew 
Moore, the Major. 

On Consideration of which, the Board advised that Colonel Grier- 
son be desired to recommend such other Persons for the Magistracy 
as are willing to act: And that Commissions be made out for the 
several Persons recommended as Militia Officers, except Andrew 
Moore, who being in the disqualifying Act, that must be postponed 
for further Consideration. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board a List which He had 
received from Lt Coll. Lyle of Persons recommended by him and 
the Magistrates of St. George's Parish, as proper for Militia Officers 
in that Parish, with the several Districts thought most convient 
for the Different Companies in the said Regiment and parish. Which 

121 



the Board having considered, recommended their being commissioned 
accordingly, Except John Wilson proposed as a Captain, as there 
is such a Name in the Disqualifying Act, it must therefore be de- 
layed untill Inquiry is made whether it be the same Person or not. 
And the several Districts or Divisions of the Companies were ap- 
proved of. 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that He had received an Ap- 
plication from Thomas Brownhill, Overseer on the late Revd. Mr. 
Zuberbuhler's plantation (which Plantation was devised to Trustees 
for certain charitable uses, and those Trustees are in some Instances 
subjected to the Direction of the Governor and Council) who in- 
formed him that there were no Provisions on the Plantation for the 
Support of the Negroes. And His Excellency further acquainted the 
Board that He was informed by Brownhill at the Same Time, that 
he had been served with an Attachment for a Debt said to be due 
from Mr. Zouberbuhler in his Life time; and that all the Executors 
or Trustees of the said Mr. Zouberbuhler, were either dead or ab- 
sent from the Province; the said Mr. Brownhill therefore desired 
to know how he should conduct himself on the Occasion. His Ex- 
cellency also acquainted the Board, that He had perused a Copy of 
Mr. Zouberbuhler's will, and that it appears thereby that James 
Habersham, Francis Harris, Grey Elliott, James Read, Joseph Clay, 
John Smith, and Noble Wimberley Jones, were appointed Executors 
and Trustees: That there is a clause in the said Will empowering 
the Governor and Council of this Province for the Time being in 
Case of the Death or Refusal to act, &c, of any one or more of the 
said Executors or Trustees, to nominate and appoint one or more 
Persons to act in the Room of those dying or renouncing; and that 
all future Vacancies which might happen should be filled up in like 
Manner. His Excellency likewise acquainted the Board, that the said 
James Habersham, Francis Harris, and James Read are dead; that 
the said Grey Elliott, resides in England, and never acted as He 
apprehends; and the said Joseph Clay, John Smith, and Noble Wim- 
berley Jones were in Rebellion, and their Names are accordingly 
included in an Act of Assembly past the last Sessions usually called 
the Disqualifying Law. His Excellency then observed that Mr. Zouber- 
buhler's Will directs that the Executors and Trustees should yearly 
lay their Accounts of Receipts and Payments &c relative to the 
Plantation produce, before the Governor and Council: But altho' 
the Testator died in the Year 177_-_-, yet He does not recollect or be- 
lieve that any Accounts have ever been laid before the Governor and 
Council. His Excellency having observed that He had purchased pro- 
visions for the Negroes, proposed that the Copy of the Attachment 



122 



should be sent to the Attorney General to act therein as he might 
judge proper. Which was approved of. 

His Excellency also observed that as three of the Trustees were 
dead, as one of them resided in England, and had never acted, and 
as the remaining three had abdicated their Trust by joining in Re- 
bellion, and leaving the Province, so that, there was at present no 
one to represent the Estate, that therefore it became necessary that 
Trustees should be appointed by the Governor and Council agreeably 
to the Powers given by the said Will; And that it should be referred 
to the Attorney General to draw up the Form of an Appointment 
of Trustees accordingly; And also that the Attorney General should 
report his opinion with Respect to the said Clay, Smith and Jones; 
and whether as they are in Rebellion, are absent from the Province, 
and are included in the Disqualifying Law, they should not be con- 
sidered as having abdicated their Trust; and whether on these Con- 
siderations the Governor and Council should not put others in their 
Room. All which was approved of; and it was Ordered that a Copy 
of the Will, and of this State of the Case be sent to the Attorney 
General to report his opinion thereupon. 

His Excellency laid before the Board, a Letter from the Public 
Treasurer, setting forth, that he had Good Reasons for believing the 
payment of the Country Duties was greatly evaded; and the usual 
Attendance on the public offices wholly omitted by Masters of Ves- 
sels, on that Account: that notwithstanding the Fort at Cockspur 
may be of some Service in this Case, it appeared to him, that it would 
be more effectual to the Purpose of securing the Country Duties, If 
the Naval Officer, had Directions not to enter or clear any Vessel 
except under certain Restrictions from the provincial Offices, which 
it seems is the practice in the West-india Islands, and likewise was 
adopted in Charlestown. And the said Letter being read. His Excel- 
lency desired the Opinion of the Board, on the propriety of giving 
such Orders to the Naval Officer, as desired by the Public Treasurer, 
and which the present State of the Country Duties requires. 

The Board unanimously agreed that it was very proper and neces- 
sary to give such Orders to the Naval Officer, more especially as that 
practice is observed in the West indies, and used to be formerly ob- 
served in South Carolina, and no ill Consequence can result from 
it either to King or Country: The Board therefore advised that the 
following Order be sent to the Naval Officer signed by the Clerk, 
agreeably to the Representation of the Public Treasurer: And they 
further advised for the better securing the Country Duties that a 
Country Waiter should be appointed to assist the Public Treasurer. 
Order in Council to the Naval Officer. 



123 



At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Fri- 
day the 8th Day of September, 1780. 

Present. 

His Excellency the Governor in Council 

On the Representation of the Public Treasurer, that the Payment 
of the Country Duties was greatly evaded, to the Detriment of the 
Public Revenue of this Province, particularly by Masters of Vessels 
not reporting their Cargoes and Vessels at his Office, as in Duty 
they ought to do: It was thereupon ordered, that the Naval Officer 
of this Province, or his Lawful Deputy or Deputies or Person or 
Persons acting as Naval Officers, do forthwith, enter or clear no 
Vessel whatever at his Office, unless upon the Master's coming to 
enter, he, produces a Certificate of Entry, signed by the Public 
Treasurer and Indorsed by the Secretary of the Province or his law- 
ful Deputy; and upon the said Master's coming to clear out, he pro- 
duces the Public Treasurer's Clearance; which Certificates respec- 
tively are to remain on File with the Naval Officer, who is to govern 
himself by this Order accordingly. 

His Excellency also acquainted the Board that He had received 
Information that Mr. John Houstoun the late Rebel Governor of this 
Province was at Purysburg, and it is expected he will soon come to 
Savannah. His Excellency then directed that the Minute of Council 
of the 9th June last, should be read, and the Attorney General's 
Report thereupon. He then observed, that as He apprehended the 
said Reference to the Attorny General and the Order thereupon, 
were not confined to Mr. Glen and some others, who came in at the 
same Time but were meant to serve as Precedents in all similar 
Cases, and to be observed with Respect to such Persons as might 
thereafter come into this Province under the like Circumstances of 
having borne Offices of Distinction &c, under the usurped Rebel 
Government, He therefore thought it would regularly and officially 
lie with the Attorney General to take due Notice of all such Persons, 
who may come into this Province under the Circumstances afore- 
said, more especially as the Attorney General has long resided in 
this Province, and from his extensive Practice in the Law, must be 
well acquainted with the Characters and Conduct of most Men in 
this Country. 

The Board was of the same Opinion and recommended that a 
General Direction should be now sent to the Attorney General to 
take Measures to inform himself from Time to Time of the Arrival 
of such Persons, who have held Commissions or Appointments of 
Consequence under the Usurpation of the Rebels or who may appear 
to him to endanger His Majesty's government here, by the signal and 
desperate Part they took in the Rebellion; And with Respect to De- 

124 



linquents of those Descriptions, that he do proceed against them in 
such Manner as the Regard he has always manifested for the Sup- 
port of His Majesty's Government and the Laws of the Land may 
direct. 

All which was ordered accordingly; and the Clerk was directed 
forthwith to send the Attorney General a Copy of the Recited Minute 
of Council, & his Report thereon; also a Copy of this Minute and 
Order. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah on Fri- 
day the 15th Day of September 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor. 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Governor. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 

Lewis Johnston and 
Martin Jollie, Esqrs. 

His Excellency laid before the Board the following Letter of the 
Attorney General. 
May it please Your Excellency, 

Several Persons are bound over to appear at the next Sessions, 
charged with treasonable Practices. It is probable, some of them, 
may be brought to Trial next Court, and altho' highly Criminal, it 
appears to me, it will be difficult, to convict them of High Treason, 
the Laws in that particular, granting prisoners great Indulgences 
and particularly requiring, two Witnesses to every Species of Trea- 
son, and giving the offender a peremptory challenge, to thirty five 
of the Jurors, by which Means he can have on his Trial, any twelve 
of the Jurors impannelled, he thinks fit. On the Contrary if in- 
dicted for a Misdemeanor, he has none of those Indulgences, and 
the Consideration, that a Conviction does not affect Life, renders 
a Prosecution of that Nature, more certain of Success, and in the 
End, may be attended with better Consequences, than a Miscarriage 
in a Capital Prosecution, and on the Whole seems more Conformable, 
to the lenient Measures adopted by Government. I have therefore 
to request Your Excellency will favor me with Your Sentiments on 
this Head, as it will have all due Influence on my Conduct at the 
same Time, I presume Your Excellency will agree with me, that 
whatever Mode of Prosecution may be adopted, should be kept a 
profound Secret. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

James Robertson, A. G. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Bart. &c. Sav. 11 Sep. 1780. 

Which Letter being read, the Board was of opinion that the 

125 



Matter should be, left to the Attorney General to use his Discretion 
therein, and to commence and carry on such Prosecutions as the 
Nature of the Evidence in the respective Cases may appear sufficient 
to support, and as he may judge most advisable and for His Ma- 
jesty's Service. 

His Excellency observed to the Board that many Inconveniences 
are complained of from Negroes occupying Houses, under no Controul 
from any White Person; selling and otherwise dealing or trading 
without any Limitation or Check; and that many were skulking 
about in the Woods, who have no apparent Means of Subsistence, 
but the Plunder of the adjoining Plantations; with many other Enor- 
mities, contrary to the Laws and Good Policy; and that it was highly 
proper a Stop should be forthwith put to the growing Disorders, and 
proposed that the Attorney General be directed to examine the Negro 
Laws, and the Patroll Laws, and to draw up an Extract therefrom 
relative to the Matters here complained of that the same may be 
published in the Gazette for the better Information of the Magis- 
rates and Others. 

Which the Board approved of; and the same was ordered accord- 
ingly. 

Ordered, that Joseph Williams be put in the Commission of the 
Peace for the Parish of Saint Paul. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Mon- 
day the 18th Day of September, 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Governor. 
The Honble. Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Josiah Tattnall, 
Martin Jollie, and 
James Wright [Junior], Esqrs. 
His Excellency represented to the Board, that He had received 
Intelligence from Augusta, that the Rebels had attacked Lt Coll. 
Brown's Corps at that Place, and having defeated him, had shut 
him up in a kind of Fort; that on the Arrival of this News He called 
on Lt Coll. Clark the Commanding Officer in this Province, in order 
to confer with him; but that Gentleman being very unwell and in 
a dangerous Way, and unable to attend to Business, desired He 
would consult with the Gentlemen of the Council, and whatever 
should be advised as proper to be done in the present Emergency 
the Coll. said he would chearfully concur in: His Excellency added 
that He proposed to the Colonel the sending off an Express to Coll. 

126 



Balfour, commanding Officer at Charlestown, but as He was not 
then so well informed of the Facts, He wished it postponed untill 
something more could be learned, in order to send the fullest In- 
formation to Charlestown: Since this His Excellency further added, 
that He understood from some Persons who had been in the Action, 
that Colonel Brown after a severe Engagement (in which the In- 
dians who were there on Treaty behaved very well,) had been 
obliged to retire to a work of very little or no Defence, that the 
Enemy were numerous, and with the Assistance of a piece of Ar- 
tillery they had taken might very probably overcome Colonel Brown 
and his Small Corps, in which Case the Country must be exposed to 
their Depredations, unless the securing of their Plunder (which in 
Indian Presents will be very valuable) may induce them to move 
off, or they are prevented by a proper Force from South Carolina: 
That He had now prepared a Letter to Coll. Balfour, in which He 
had stated the Facts as above, the present Military Force here, and 
the Circumstances of the Militia, and He now desired the opinion of 
the Board on the propriety of the Letter, and in the meantime He 
observed that one Harris was dispatched by Him towards Augusta 
for further Intelligence. 

The Board having read the Letter was unanimous in approving 
of the Same, and in the Measures taken to procure Intelligence. 

At a Council held at His Excellency's House in Savannah, on Wed- 
nesday the 20th Day of September 1780. 

Present. 
His Excellency Sir James Wright, Baronet, the Governor, 
The Honorable John Graham, Esq. the Lieut. Governor. 
The Honorable Anthony Stokes, 
Lewis Johnston, 
Martin Jollie, and 
James Wright [Junior], Esqrs. 
His Excellency laid, before the Board the Petition of James In- 
gram of Augusta, Which was ordered to be postponed untill he can 
attend in Person. 

His Excellency then laid before the Board the petition of Matthias 
Lepina, with two Certificates in his Favor signed R. Kelsal and S. 
Munro, the whole setting forth his being a Foreigner, that he had 
been sometime in the Province, and without taking any Part in 
the present Disturbances, was forced into the Fort at Sunbury, where 
he was taken by the King's Troops, and admitted to give his parole, 
that in Consideration of his Case and some Services he had rendered 
those Gentlemen and others, Friends to Government, he was allowed 
by General Prevost to go at large, but he was now apprehensive of 

127 



being under the Disqualifying Act therefore prayed he might be 
allowed the same Liberty as before, or such as His Excellency should 
think expedient. 

On Consideration of the Case, the Board was of opinion that he 
should be at large, on giving Security for his Good Behaviour, him- 
self in £100 and each Security in £50. 

His Excellency next represented to the Board, that Capt. Isaac 
Baillou of the 1st Regiment of Foot Militia, had reported that sev- 
eral of his Company pleaded Exemption from Militia Duty, on pre- 
tence that they had given their Parole to the Rebels; that this Case 
appeared to Him to deserve serious Consideration, & therefore de- 
sired their opinion thereon. 

The Board after Deliberation on the Matter, was of opinion, that 
it is highly necessary a Stop should be put to such Practices, par- 
ticularly as at this Time, there was not the Shadow of any Au- 
thority even on the Principles of Usurpation and Rebellion to ren- 
der such Parols binding; and that it would be proper to order the 
Clerk to write to Capt. Baillou, to send such of his Men as had writ- 
ten proofs immediately to the Attorney General, and such of his 
Men as had none to attend His Excellency forthwith. 

All which was ordered accordingly, and that Capt. Baillou send 
the name of the Person proposed by him for the Ensigncy of his 
Company. 

His Excellency then resumed the Business of Augusta, and the 
present State of the Province, and desired the opinion of the Board 
thereon, and whether they thought under the present Laws & Cir- 
cumstances, any effectual Assistance could be given by the Country 
to the Military Force here, or whether it would not be proper to 
call the Assembly on a short Day, to consult on the best Means of 
strengthening Government on this Emergency. 

After mature Deliberation the Board was unanimously of opinion, 
that nothing Effectual could be done without the Sanction of the 
Legislature, and advised that a Proclamation be issued immediately 
to call a meeting of the General Assembly on Monday next. Which 
was ordered accordingly. At the same Time the Board requested, 
that His Excellency would see Lieut. Colonel Clark, the Command- 
ing Officer, and confer with him on the present defenceless State of 
the Town, and know if any Thing can be done by the Military in 
that Behalf. 

His Excellency laid before the Board the Petition of Sir Patrick 
Houstoun, Baronet, setting forth his being included in the List of 
names of persons disqualified by the Late Act for being active or 
concerned in Rebellion, that the Description was not applicable to 
him, as he had the Honor to state before to His Excellency in Coun- 

128 



cil, which State of his Conduct during the late Usurpation he re- 
peats, and can prove to the Satisfaction of His Excellency and the 
Honorable Board, Therefore prays the several Incapacities imposed 
on him by said Act may be removed and done away. 

The petition being read and the Declaration of the Petitioner re- 
fered to, it was admitted, especially as Mr. Andrew Maclean was 
ready to prove the Conduct of the said petitioner to have been 
friendly to Government in the opinion of the Rebels. But Sir Pat. 
Houstoun not being present, the petition was ordered to lay untill 
his Arrival. 



129 



INDEX 



ABATIS, mentioned, 78 

ABERCORN, number of representatives 
in General Assembly, 58; military 
post to be established, 67; represen- 
tative elected to General Assembly, 
102 

ABRAHAMS, Levi, applied for permis- 
sion to leave Georgia, 60 

ACTON, number representatives in 
General Assembly, 58; representative 
elected, 102 

ADGAR, James, tarred and feathered, 
13 

ALATAMAHA (Altamaha) RIVER, 
mentioned, 6, 58, 67, 113 

ALBANY, mentioned, 113 

AMERICAN BOARD OF CUSTOMS, 
Commissioners of, mentioned, 97 

AMERICANS, Thanksgiving Day pro- 
claimed on defeat of, 52; destroy 
bridges, 60; depredations of, 67, 97- 
98; rebels own best buildings in 
town, 86; attack by rebels expected, 
100; report of attorney general on 
return of rebels to Georgia, 106, 107; 
rebels attack at Augusta, 126-127 

ANDERSON, Robert, account against 
Indians approved, 27 

ANDERSON, Thomas, account for re- 
pairs to church and jail, 83 

ANTROBUS, Isaac (Collector at Sun- 
bury), affidavit on seizure of vessel, 
28; salary paid from customs, 73 

ARBUTHNOT, Admiral Marriot, to be 
notified of presence of French fleet, 
51 

ARCHER, James, commissioned ensign, 
120 

ARMS AND AMMUNITION, orders re- 
specting non-exportation, 7-8; stolen 
from King's Stores, 28-29; in hands 
of Committee people at Savannah, 47 

ARMY, to be quartered in confiscated 
rebel houses, 70; to march to Charles- 
town, 91 

ASHTON, Edward, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 118 

ASSEMBLY, see General Assembly 

ASSOCIATION, fears of its adoption in 
Georgia, 12; published in South Caro- 
lina paper, 15; discussions over sign- 
ing, 39-45 



ATKINSON, Jerry, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 120 

ATTORNEY GENERAL, see Robert- 
son, James 

ATWOOD, Isaac, accounts against In- 
dians approved, 27 (2) 

AUGUSTA, mentioned, 4, 15, 66, 113, 
118, 121, 127; affairs with Indians at, 
46; disturbances at, 46-47; number of 
representatives in General Assembly, 
58; army not to be sent there, 91; 
election writs unexecuted, 103; peti- 
tion of inhabitants, 116, 117; action 
of rebels at, 126-127, 128 

AUGUSTA DISTRICT, militia officers 
commissioned, 118; magistrates have 
not qualified, 121 

AUGUSTINE CREEK, mentioned, 55 

BAHAMA ISLANDS, rice to be shipped 
to, 93-94 

BAILLIE, , accused of un- 
lawful trade with Creeks, 29-30 

BAILLIE, George (Commissary Gen- 
eral), attorney for Edward Keating, 
18; reports robbery of King's Stores, 
28; commissioner of roads. 111 

BAILLIE, Robert, elected to General 
Assembly, 102; commissioner of 
roads, 112 

BAILLOU, Isaac, appointed justice of 
peace, 53; signs petition on slave 
depredations, 54; commissioner of 
roads. 111; commissioner of Great 
Ogeechee Ferry, 117; reports claims 
of exemptions from military duty, 
128; to recommend ensign for his 
company, 128 

BAKER, Benjamin, commissioner of 
roads, 112 

BALFOUR, Col. Nlsbet, to be informed 
of defeat at Augusta, 126-127 

BARK CAMP, mentioned, 65, 120, 121 

BARNARD, Capt., account for build- 
ing fort, 5 

BARNARD, Edward, directed to re- 
survey lands, 11; accounts for work 
on forts, 16 

BARRACKS, court house used for, 84- 
85 

BARRAN, James, affidavit, 14-15 



130 



BARROW, Maj., court held at bis quar- 
ters, 85 

BEADLE, to be appointed; duties, 83 

BEAUFIELD, Richard, commiSBioned 
lieutenant, 121 

BEAVER DAMS, mentioned, 121 

BEEF, price of, 63 

BEHLER, Jacob, approved for patrol 
service, 89; commissioner of roads, 
112 

BELCHER, William, commissioner of 
roads, 7 

BENCH, John, account against Indians 
approved, 26 

BENNET, William, threats against, 29 

BEWLEY (Beaulieu), mentioned, 74 

BISHOP, James, commissioned captain, 
118 

BLACK, James, mentioned, 65 

BLACK, Nicholas, account against In- 
dians approved, 27 

BLACK JACK BRANCH, mentioned, 121 

BOSTON, mentioned, 113 

BOWEN'S PLANTATION, smallpox at, 
54-55 

BRANTLY, Benjamin, commissioned 
lieutenant, 120 

BREAD, price of, 63; account for, for 
militia, 110 

BRIDGES, destroyed by rebels, to be 
repaired, 60; ruinous condition of, 75 

BRIER CREEK, mentioned, 65, 120 (2), 
121 (2) 

BROWN, James, directed to resurvey 
land, 11 

BROWN, John, petition, 93-94; commis- 
sioned lieutenant, 121 

BROWN, Lt. Col., corps defeated at Au- 
gusta, 126-127 

BROWN, Rev. Mr., salary as clergyman 
Christ Church Parish, 111 

BROWN, Thomas, petition for land re- 
jected, 8; justice of quorum, 117 

BROWN, Walter, commissioner of 
roads, 112 

BROWN, William, suggested as acting 
naval officer, 46 

BROWNHILL, Thomas, overseer, Zoub- 
erbiihler's plantation, 122 

BRYAN. Jonathan, purchases land from 
Indians, 3; petition for land post- 
poned, 5; rejected, 6; mentioned, 69 

BRYAN, Mrs. Jonathan, petition, 69 

BRYAN, William, petition, 107 

BRYDIE, Dr. David, elected 1st lieu- 
tenant, 45 

BUCHANAN, James, signs petition on 



slave depredations, 54; member grand 

jury, 75 
BUCK CREEK, mentioned, 29 
BUCKHEAD, mentioned, 65, 120 (2), 121 
BULLOCH, Archibald, application for 

day of fasting and prayer, 30; sends 

governor address from Provincial 

Congress, 31-32 
BURFORD, Richard, removed from St. 

Philip's Parish, 7 
BURGESS, William, account against 

Indians approved, 27 
BURNEY, Richard, mentioned, 120 
BUTCHERS, complaints of abuses, 

commissioners of market appointed, 

99-100 
BUTLER, Benjamin, affidavit, 89-90 
BUTLER, James, accounts against In- 
dians, 22; member grand jury, 75; 

elected to General Assembly, 102; 

commissioner of roads. 112; of Great 

Ogeechee Ferry, 117 
BUTLER, Richard, accusation against, 

89-90 

CALDWELL, John, signs memorial on 
ceded lands, 18 

CAMPBELL, Col. Archibald, mentioned, 
52 

CAMPBELL, Martin. & Son. sign me- 
morial on ceded lands. 18 

CANDY. Samuel, account against In- 
dians approved, 27 

CANNON, Thomas, petition, 99 

CANOOCHEE RIVER, mentioned, 67, 
88; petition of inhabitants for pro- 
tection, 97-98 

CARR, Tiddeman, affidavit, 89-90 

CARTER, Hepworth, petition for land, 
6, 7 

CASWELL, Edward, commissioned en- 
sign, 120 

CAVENAH, David, commissioned en- 
sign, 121 

CECIL & WOOD, account for bread 
and rum for militia, 110 

CEDED LANDS, proclamation respect- 
ing, 4; extent and condition of, 6; 
regulations for selling, 6-7; mentioned, 
8, 10, 29, 47; money from sales to 
be used for Indian presents, 8; form 
of grant, 9, 26; regulation for sur- 
veys, 9, 10; money from to settle 
accounts of Indian traders, 15; tract 
to be evaluated, 16; grants sold, 16; 
traders demands upon, 17-20; regula- 
tions for settling, 19-20; inferior 



131 



courts to be established, 23; justices 
of peace appointed, 23; petitioners for 
grant, 25; account of money from 
sales of, 35; proposals for settling 
claims from sale of, 48; petition from 
inhabitants, 116-117; magistrates, 117 

CEMETERY, complaints of burials in 
various parts of town, 75; established 
by law and fenced in, 78; account for 
fence, 106 

CHARLESTOWN, mentioned, 15, 29, 
56, 106, 127; army landed near city, 
89; army to go there, 91; surrender 
expected, 100; surrender mentioned, 
107; celebration on reduction of, 110; 
practice in collecting duties, 123 

CHARLESTOWN GENERAL COMMIT- 
TEE, commission from to regulate 
Indian trade, 29 

CHEROKEE INDIANS, mentioned, 2, 
6, 16, 35; account for congress with, 
7; claims against, 9-10; accounts 
against, 13, 15, 21, 22, 26-27, 47-48; 
traders' memorial, 17-20, 47-48; see 
also Indians 

CHIEF JUSTICE, see Stokes, Anthony 

CHIMNEYS, ruinous condition of, 74 

CHRIST CHURCH, minister banned by 
Provincial Congress, 34-35, 41; war- 
dens mentioned, 77; beadle to be ap- 
pointed, 83; rector mentioned, 89; pay 
of sexton, 105; salary of minister. 111 

CHRIST CHURCH PARISH, some 
members of committee are Jews and 
Independents, 41; petition of inhabi- 
tants, 53-54; justices of peace, 53, 55, 
63, 98-99; representatives to General 
Assembly, 102; road commissioners, 
112 

CLAIMS COMMISSIONERS, appointed, 
salary, 70; account on deserted es- 
tates called for, 83; account of pro- 
ceedings requested, 83; jurisdiction 
over abandoned property, 87-88; ask 
rate for hiring out Negro labor, 92; 
reports on property read, 101 

CLARK, Lt. Col., ill, 126; to be con- 
ferred with on defenseless state of 
Augusta, 128 

CLAY, Joseph, signs application of 
Council of Safety, 39; executor Zoub- 
erbuhler estate, 122; under disquali- 
fying law, 122, 123 

CLINTON, Sir Henry, to be notified of 
presence of French fleet, 51; no ob- 
jection to inoculation, 82; army near 



Charlestown, 89; proclamation offer- 
ing pardons, 95, 96 

CLUBB, , suspected of horse 

stealing, 80; prosecution dropped, 92- 
93 

COAST, expected to be plundered by 
Carolinians, 55 

COATES, James, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 118 

COCKSPUR, fort at of service in col- 
lecting duties, 123 

COLEMAN, , lands mentioned, 

16 

COLLECTOR OF CUSTOMS, Savannah, 
see McCulloch, Robert; Thompson, 
Mr. 

COLLECTOR OF CUSTOMS, Sunbury. 
see Antrobus, Isaac; Kitchen, James 

COLONIES, differences with Great 
Britain mentioned, 8, 9, 11-12, 31-32 

COMMISSARY GENERAL, see Baillie, 
George 

COMMISSIONS AND COMMISSION- 
ERS, see name of commission 

COMMODITIES, measures to control 
prices of, 57 

COMMONS HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY, 
see General Assembly 

CONTINENTAL CONGRESS, mention- 
ed, 8, 12, 31, 35, 37, 39, 41, 42 

COOMBS, John, commissioned ensign, 
121 

COOPER, George, accusation against, 
89-90 

CORKER, Capt., desires discharge from 
patrol duty, 88 

CORKER, Edward, commissioned en- 
sign, 120 

CORKER, William, commissioned cap- 
tain, 120 

CORN, price rises ; exportation pro- 
hibited, 94 

CORNELL, Joseph, account against In- 
dians approved, 26 

CORONER, report on condition of 
Negro, Sambo, 91 

COUNCIL OF SAFETY, application for 
militia to elect own officers, 37-41 ; 
directs election of officers, 43, 44, 45 

COUNTRY DUTIES, see Duty 

COUNTRY WAITER, appointed, 123 

COURT OF ORDINARY, citations of 
letters of administration to be pub- 
lished in newspaper, 89 

COURT HOUSE, old court house men- 
tioned, 65; memorial on condition of, 
84-86; used as barracks, 84-85; account 



132 



for snndries for, 99; to be repaired, 
110 

COWPER, Basil, signs application of 
Council of Safety, 39; justice of peace, 
63; elected to General Assembly, 102 
(2) ; commissioner of roads, 112 

CRAWFORD, Daniel, proposes to do 
brickwork on public buildings, 119- 
120 

CREECH, Charles, commissioned cap- 
tain, 65, 66 

CREEK INDIANS, Lower Creeks send 
talk, 1; convey land to Jonathan 
Bryan, 3; treaty of peace, 3-4; trade 
with, 3-4; licenses for trade to be 
granted, 4; mentioned, 5, 6, 16, 23, 
29, 34, 35, 106; account for congress 
with, 7; commissary mentioned, 8; 
persons appointed to settle claims 
against, 9-10; accounts against, 13, 
15, 21, 22, 26, 27, 47-48; traders' me- 
morial, 17-20; 47-48; persons appoint- 
ed to regulate trade, 29; to be stopped 
from coming to Savannah, 34; dis- 
satisfied with supply of gunpowder, 
34; see also Indians 

CRONENBERGH, Jacob, certified as 
loyal subject, 69 

CROOK, David, commissioned cap- 
tain, 121 

CROOKSHANKS, Patrick, member 
grand jury, 75; commissioner of pilot- 
age, 116 

CURL, Henry, land grant, 25 

CUSSINS, James, account of estate 
against Indians approved, 21 

CUSTOMS, see Duty 

CUTHBERT, Seth John, elected lien- 
tenant, 45 

DAES, Theophilus, commissioned cap- 
tain, 118 

DANCING ASSEMBLIES, fires from 
endanger court house, 84; held in 
large brick building, 85 

DARIEN, number representatives in 
General Assembly, 58 

DARTMOUTH, inferior court to be held 
at, 23 

DARTMOUTH, Earl of, writes to Gov- 
ernor Wright, 8, 12; letters from Gov- 
ernor, 33 

DASHER, Christian, fee for treatment 
of. 117 

DAVIS, Jenkin, elected ensign, 36 

DAVIS, Richard, memorial, 79 



DAWSON, David, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 118 

DAY OF FASTING AND PRAYER AP- 
POINTED, 30 

DECLARATORY TESTS, fee for ad- 
ministering, 64 

D'ERBAGE, George, assistant clerk 
council, 88, 94, 111, 114, 116 

DESERTED ESTATES, see Claims 
Commission 

DEVEAUX, James, Negroes of ordered 
for public works, 50 

DISPATCH (Schooner), mentioned, 93 

DISQUALIFYING ACT, drafts of forms, 
114; fees to be charged and forms for 
executing, 116; to be carried into exe- 
cution, 119; mentioned, 122, 123, 128 

DOUGLAS, John, justice of peace, 23 

DOUGLASS, Samuel, elected to General 
Assembly, 102 (2) ; commissioner of 
roads, 112; commissioner of pilotage, 
116 

DOWNIE, James, justice of peace, 106; 
commissioner of roads, 112 

DOWNS, , lands mentioned, 16 

DOWNS, George, commissioned captain, 
118 

DOWNS, William, justice of peace, 23 

DRESLER, George, mentioned, 10, 15 

DUGUID, William, member of grand 
jury, 75 

DUTY, disposition of, 97; payment of 
country duty evaded, 123-124; see also 
Tea Duty 

EAST FLORIDA, mentioned, 3, 27; 
governor of, see Tonyn, Patrick 

EASTLAKE, James, removed from St. 
Philip's Parish, 7 

EBENEZER, number representatives in 
General Assembly, 58; military post 
to be established, 67; mentioned, 88, 
98; representatives to General Assem- 
bly, 102 

EBENEZER COMPANY, see Militia 

EHOOPY RIVER, mentioned, 1 

ELBERT, Capt., offers to escort In- 
dians to Savannah, 1 

ELBERT, J., mentioned, 39n 

ELBERT, Samuel, signs application of 
Council of Safety, 39; petition for 
land grant, 48 

ELBERT'S FARM, mentioned, 81 

ELLIOTT, Barnard, recruiting in 
Georgia, 29 

ELLIOTT, Grey, executor Zouberbuhler 
estate, 122; residing in England, 122 



133 



ELLIS, Gov. Henry, mentioned, 58 

EMISTISEGO, intends to come to Sa- 
vannah, 1; returns to Creek Nation, 
5 

ENGLAND, mentioned, 27, 113 

EPPINGER, Thomas, account for work 
on jail, 99 

ERVINE, John, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 120 

ESECHAWS, mentioned, 1 

EUGEE CREEK DISTRICT, militia of- 
ficers commissioned, 118 

EUROPE, petition to ship rice there, 
93-94 

EVANS, William, elected lieutenant, 44 

EWEN, William, signs application of 
Council of Safety, 39; letter to, 43 

EWENSBURG, mentioned, 85 

FAHM, Frederick, account for smith's 
work on jail, 105 

FARLEY, Benjamin, signs petition on 
slave depredations, 54; commissioner 
of roads, 112 

FARLEY, Joseph, letter to mentioned, 
29; ordered to engage physician for 
sick prisoners, 96; account for main- 
tenance of prisoners, 105; see also 
Provost Marshal 

FARLEY, Samuel, justice of peace, 63; 
concurs in memorial on court house, 
86; report on Sambo, 87; elected to 
General Assembly, 102 

FARQUHAR, Robert, master schooner 
General Brown, 60 

FENWICK, Thomas, mentioned. 111 

FERGUSON, Henry, commissioned cap- 
tain, 121 

FERGUSON, Robert, account against 
Indians approved, 27 

FERRIES, boats and attendants needed 
at, 75; see also Great Ogeechee Ferry 

FLEMING, John, commissioned cap- 
tain, 121 

FLERL, John, elected lieutenant; al- 
ready an ensign, 36 

FLYING SALLY (Schooner), men- 
tioned, 93 

FLYMING, Thomas, commissioner of 
market, 100; commissioner of roads, 
112 

POOD, measures for control of prices, 
57 

FORD, Isaac, removed from St. Philip's 
Parish, 7 

FORRESTER, Stephen, account against 
Indians approved, 21 



FORT JAMES, account for work done 
at, 16 

FOX, Benjamin, Negroes of estate or- 
dered for public works, 50 

FOX, George, Negroes of estate ordered 
for public works, 50; signs petition 
on slave depredations, 54 

FOX, John, petition for land postponed, 
5; rejected, 6; Negroes of ordered for 
public works, 50; commissioner of 
roads, 111, 112 

FOX, John & William, petition for land 
postponed, 5; rejected, 6 

FOX, Joseph, elected to General As- 
sembly, 102; commissioner of roads, 

111, 112; commissioner of Great 
Ogeechee Ferry, 117 

FOX, William, petition for land post- 
poned, 5; rejected, 6; Negroes of or- 
dered for public works, 50; Negroes 
of get smallpox, 54 

FRASER, Donald, account for holding 
elections, 105 

FREDERICA, number representatives 
in General Assembly, 58; representa- 
tive elected, 102 

FRENCH, fleet at Savannah, 51; 
Thanksgiving day on defeat of, 52; 
departure of fleet expected, 55; inva- 
sion by mentioned, 70, 113 

FRISBY, Lt., accusation against, 88-90 

GAGE, Gen. Thomas, orders soldiers 
from St. Augustine, 34 

GALPHIN, George, claims against 
Gray, 11; signs petition on ceded 
lands, 18; account against Indians 
approved, 21 

GARDNER, Lewis, commissioned cap- 
tain, 118 

GAZETTE, notices to be published in, 
31, 62, 75, 76, 77, 79, 87, 89, 94, 110, 

112, 115, 116, 117, 120, 126 
GENERAL ASSEMBLY, question of cal- 
ling, 8; prorogued, 9; adjourned, 12; 
proclamation requiring meeting, 21; 
prorogued, 21-22; reasons it did not 
meet, 32-33; instructions for electing 
members, 57-58; number elected from 
each district, 58; questions as to le- 
gality of elections, 59, 61-62; elections 
postponed, 63; lack of lamented, 75; 
mentioned, 76; writs of election to be 
prepared, 89; writs postponed, 91; 
writs to be issued, 96; discussion on 
calling and place of meeting, 100-101; 
state house used as military hos- 



134 



pital, 100; to meet In parsonage house, 
101; members elected, 102; question 
of quorum, 104; resolutions on 
minister's salary, 111 ; acts to be print- 
ed, 114, 116; minutes to be copied, 116; 
must be applied to for allowance in 
cases of boats being tal^en or lost, 119 

GENERAL BROWN (Schooner), men- 
tioned, 60 

GEORGIA, situation of affairs in, 31- 
33, 51, 67; military regulations need- 
ed, 38; province extended, 58; de- 
fenseless situation, 61 

GERMANY, James, land grant, 25 

GIBBONS, Mrs., felony case against 
Nunes, 68, 72-73 

GIBBONS, Mrs. Joseph, Negroes of 
ordered for public work, 50 

GIBBONS, Thomas, Negroes of ordered 
for public work, 50; signs petition 
on slave depredations, 54; commis- 
sioner of roads, 112 

GIBBONS, Mrs. William, Negroes of or- 
dered for public work, 50 

GIBSON, , petition, 96 

GUILDER, Reuben, petition, 99 

GLEN, John, signs application of Coun- 
cil of Safety, 39; returns to Savannah; 
action against, 106, 107, 108, 109, 124 

GOAL, see Jail 

GOLDSMITH, Thomas, elected to Gen- 
eral Assembly, 102; commissioner of 
roads, 112 

GOLDWIRE, John, commissioner of 
ronds, 112 

GOODGION, William, signs memorial 
on ceded lands, 18; commissioner of 
roads, 112; justice of peace, 117; com- 
missioned lieutenant colonel, 121; 
magistrate, 121 

GORDON, James, petition for land 
grant rejected, 8; justice of peace, 23 

GORDON, John, on memorial for ceded 
lands, 48 

GOSHEN, number representatives In 
General Assembly, 58; representative 
elected, 102 

QOUEDY, Robert, signs memorial on 
ceded lands, 18; account against In- 
dians approved, 26 

GOVERNOR OF EAST FLORIDA, see 
Tonyn, Patrick 

GOVERNOR OF GEORGIA, see Wright, 
Sir James 

GOVERNOR OF WEST FLORIDA, let- 
ter from, 14 



GRAHAM, Elizabeth, petition for par- 
don, 111 

GRAHAM, James, signs petition on 
slave depredations, 54; on committee 
to settle prices, 57 

GRAHAM, John (Lieutenant Governor), 
attends council, 1 (2), 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 
11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 
26 (2), 27, 30, 33, 35, 37, 46, 47, 49, 50, 
51, 52, 53, 55, 57, 59, 60, 61 (2), 64, 
66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 73 (2), 74, 76, 78 (2), 
81, 82, 84, 93, 95 (2), 96, 97, 98 (2), 99, 
105 (3), 106, 107, 108, 109, 112, 114 (2), 
115, 117 (2), 118, 119, 125, 126, 127; 
account of money from ceded lands, 
35; governor discusses Indian trade 
with, 47; attorney for John Nutt, 48; 
receiver of sums from duties, 52; plan- 
tation robbed, 82 

GRAND JURY, presentments, 9, 29, 74- 
76; room in court house, 84 

GRANT, Capt., seizes vessel of Sir Pat- 
rick Houstoun, 113 

GRANT, Daniel, account against In- 
dians approved, 27 

GRAVES, Richard, petition, 99 

GRAY, James, Galphins's claim against, 
11 

GRAY AND KIDD, account against In- 
dians approved, 2T 

GRAYBELL, Henry, justice of peace, 
23 

GREAT BRITAIN, differences with 
colonies mentioned, 8, 9, 11-12, 31- 
32; mentioned, 28 

GREAT OGEECHEE DISTRICT, num- 
ber of representatives in General As- 
sembly, 58; representatives elected, 
102 

GREAT OGEECHEE FERRY, commis- 
sioners appointed, 117 

GREAT SATILLA (Satilly), mentioned, 
2 

GREEN ISLAND, number representa- 
tives in General Assembly, 58; repre- 
sentative elected, 102 

GREERSON, see Grierson 

GREIRSON, see Grierson 

GRENADIER COMPANY, see Militia 

GRIERSON, Col. .lames, Perret's claim 
against, 2, 11; accounts against In- 
dians examined, 13; signs petition on 
ceded lands, 18; letter on disturb- 
ances at Augusta, 46; on memorial for 
grant, 48; commissioner of roads, 
112; attends council, 112; corroborates 
declarations of Houstoun and Mac- 



135 



Lean, 113, 115: commands 2d Regi- 
ment Foot Militia, 118; asked to rec- 
ommend magistrates, 121 ; recommends 
militia officers, 121 
GUNPOWDER, order respecting non- 
exportation, 7-8; stolen from maga- 
zine, 22; expected from England, 24; 
to be left in merchants' care, 24; to be 
obtained from East Florida, 27-28; 
intended for Indian trade, stopped in 
Savannali, 34; seized from British 
vessel, 41; in hands of committee 
people In Savannah, 47 

HABERSHAM, James, attends conncil, 
(1), (2), 6, 14, 17, 19, 22, 23; executor 
Zouberbuhler estate, 122; death men- 
tioned, 122 

HAIST, George, petition, 93-94 

HALIFAX, number representatives in 
General Assembly, 58; representatives 
elected, 102 

HALL, Nathaniel, Negroes of ordered 
for public works, 50; elected to Gen- 
eral Assembly, 102; commissioner of 
roads, 112; recommends William Mur- 
phy for relief, 116 

HALLAT, John, account against In- 
dians approved, 27 

HALLAT & HALLAT, account against 
Indians approved, 27 

HAMMERER, John Daniel, member 
grand jury, 75; acount for printing, 
93 

HAMPSTEAD, number representatives 
in General Asembly, 58 

HANLOCK, Capt., smallpox in family, 
77 

HANNAH, John, account against In- 
dians approved, 21 

HANNAH, Robert, account against In- 
dians approved, 21 

HARRIS, , lands mentioned, 

16; sent to Augusta, 127 

HARRIS, Francis, elected captain, 45; 
executor Zouberbuhler estate, 122; 
death mentioned, 122 

HARRIS, Francis H., signs application 
of Council of Safety, 39 

HARRIS, James, justice of peace, 23 

HARRIS, Samuel, justice of peace, 23 

HARRIS, William, justice of peace, 23 

HART, Samuel, commissioned lieuten- 
ant, 118 

HAVEN, Mrs., letter in behalf of son, 
46 

HAVEN, Stephen, appointed naval of- 



ficer, 46 

HAWKINS, Abimeleck, account for ar- 
ticles to repair jail, 100; unable to 
take writs of election to Augusta, 103 

HAWKINS, Pinkethman (Acting Pro- 
vost Marshal), memorial, 63; concurs 
in memorial on court house, 86; ap- 
plies for salary as messenger of coun- 
cil, 89; account for business for 
courts, 90; account as messenger, 91, 
99 

HAYNER, Nicholas, commissioner of 
roads, 111 

HENDERSON, John, member grand 
jury, 75; elected to General Assem- 
bly, 102 

HENRY, Capt. John, notified of pres- 
ence of French fleet, 51 ; assitance to 
be asked in preventing plundering 
on coast, 55 

HERBERT, James, affidavit, 14, 15 

HIGGENS, Ichabod, accusation against, 
89-90 

HIGHGATE, number representatives in 
General Assembly, 58 

HILTON HEAD, South Carolina, men- 
tioned, 92 

HOGEECHEE, see Ogeechee 

HOLMES, David, signs memorial on 
ceded lands, 18 

HOMATA, wanted for murder, 2 

HORSE CREEK, mentioned, 65 

HORSE MILITIA, see Militia 

HORSE PATROLS, see Militia 

HOSKIN, Ceasar, land grant, 25 

HOSPITAL, Military, see Military Hos- 
pital 

HOUSE OF COMMONS, Great Britain, 
stand on disturbances in colonies, 11- 
12 

HOUSTOUN, George, signs application 
of Council of Safety, 39 

HOUSTOUN, Dr. James, arrested; peti- 
tion for trial, 108; letter in behalf of, 
119 

HOUSTOUN, John, expected in Savan- 
nah ; discussion, 124-125 

HOUSTOUN, Sir Patrick, declaration 
on activities during war, 112-113; re- 
garded as tory, 113; petition to be 
removed from disqualifying act, 128- 
129 

HOWARD, John, recommends justices 
of peace and inferior courts for ceded 
lands, 23; appointed magistrate, 117 

HOWARD, Rheese, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 118 



136 



HOWELL, Capt., desires to be dis- 
charged from patrol duty, 88 

HOWELL, Daniel, commiBsioned cap- 
tain, 65, 66, 120 

HUDSON'S, mentioned, 67 

HUME, James, attends council, 2, 3, 5, 
6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 23, 
24, 26 (2), 27, 30 (2), 33, 35, 37, 46, 
47 

HUME, John, attends council, 49, 50, 
52, 53, 54. 55, 57n, 59, 60, 61 (2), 
64, 66. 67, 69, 70, 71, 73 (2), 74, 76, 78 
<2), 80, 81, 82, 84, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 
93, 95, 97 (2), 98 (2), 100, 101 (2), 104, 
105 (2), 106 (2), 107, 108, 109 (2), 110, 
111, 112, 114 (2), 118, 121 

HUMPHREY, James, account as sexton 
of Christ Church, 105 

HUMPHRYS, , warrant for ar- 
rest, 16 

HUNT, Henry, letter on valuation of 
land, 16 

HUTCHINSON (Hutchison) ISLAND, 
mentioned, 8 

INDIAN CORN, see Corn 

INDIAN ROAD, mentioned, 120 

INDIAN TRADERS, accounts examined, 
13-14, 21, 22; memorial, 17-20 

INDIANS, treaty approved, 3; unlaw- 
ful trade to be prevented, 3; murders 
committed by, 2-3; trade to be re- 
sumed when murder charges satis- 
fied, 2-3; regulations for trade, 4, 14, 
22, 29; disturbances mentioned, 5; 
presents mentioned, 8; mentioned, 39; 
war prospects, 41, 47; troubles with 
at Augusta, 46-47; trade obstructed, 
47; good behavior at Augusta, 127; 
plunder valuable as presents for, 127; 
see also Cherokee Indians, Creek In- 
dians 

INFERIOR COURTS, to be established 
in ceded lands, 23 

INGRAM, James, petition postponed, 
127 

INOCULATION, see Smallpox 

IRVINE, James, commissioner of roads, 
111 

IRVINE, John, elected to General As- 
sembly, 102 

IRVINE, Robert, commissioner of roads, 
112 

JACKSON, James & Co., signs me- 
morial on ceded lands, 18, 48; account 
against Indians approved, 27 

JAIL, at Savannah, broken open, 42; 
accounts for maintenance of prisoners, 



63, 105; accounts for articles for re- 
pair, 83,100; distressing conditions, 
90; prisoners petition, 90, 96, 99, 108; 
account for smith's work, 105; seamen 
confined on charge of piracy, 108; to 
be built, 110 

JAMIESON, John, signs memorial on 
ceded lands, 18 

JENKINS, Rev. Edward, on commit- 
tee to settle prices, 57; to find suit- 
able place for poor house, 76 

JBRVIS, James, account against In- 
dians approved, 27 

JOHNSON, James, accused of murder, 
79 

JOHNSTON, Andrew, justice of peace, 
117 

JOHNSTON, David, commissioner of 
roads, 111 

JOHNSTON, James, accounts for print- 
ing, 90; commissioner of market, 100 

JOHNSTON, John, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 120 

JOHNSTON, Lewis, attends council, 
1 (2), 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 
17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 26 (2), 27, 30 (2), 
33, 35, 37, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 57, 61 (2), 
66, 74, 78, 80, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95 (2), 
96, 97, 98 (2), 99, 100 (2), 101 (2), 104, 
105 (2), 109, 110, 114, 115, 117, 118, 
119, 121, 125, 126, 127; governor dis- 
cusses Indian trade with, 47; receiver 
of money from duties, 52; account as 
president of council, 93; mentioned, 
97; commissioner of loan office, 115; 
corroborates declaration of Andrew 
MacLean, 115; director and inspector 
public works, 120 

JOHNSTON, Ensign William, report on 
election of officers, 37, 43-44 

JOLLIE, Martin, attends council, 49, 
50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 59, 61 (2), 64, 
66, 67, 69, 70, 71, 73 (2), 74, 76, 78 (2), 
80, 82, 84, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 
95 (2), 97 (2), 98 (2), 99, 100 (2), 101 
(2), 104, 105 (2), 106, 108, 109 (2), 110, 
111, 112, 114 (2), 115, 117, 118, 119, 121, 
125, 126, 127; receiver of money from 
duties, 52; mentioned, 74; commis- 
sioner for town and common, 83; me- 
morial on court house, 84-86; house 
used for court, later appropriated by 
Maj. Gen. Leslie, 84; account for labor 
and supplies for cleansing town, 105; 
commissioner of loan office, 115; di- 
rector and inspector public works, 
120 

JONES, Noble, attends council, 1 (2), 



137 



2, 5. 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 20, 21, 22, 
23, 24, 26 (2), 27, 30 (2), 33, 35, 37 

JONES. Noble Wimberly, executor of 
Zouberbuhler estate, 122; under dis- 
qualifying law, 122, 123 

JONES, Thomas, petition, 70-71 

JONES, William, elected officer, 43; 
Negroes of ordered for public works, 
50; signs petition on slave depreda- 
tions, 54; justice of peace, 63; com- 
missioner for town and common, 83; 
concurs in memorial on court house, 
86; elected to General Assembly, 102; 
commissioner of roads, 111 (2) 

JUDGE'S ROOM, in court house, 84 

JUKORS, to be paid living allowance 
while attending court, 72 

JUSTICES OF PEACE, new commis- 
sions to be made out, 71; for Parishes 
see name of Parish 

JUSTICES OF QUORUM, appointed, 
117 

KEATING, Edward, on memorial on 
ceded lands, 18; accounts against In- 
dians, 22, 27 

KELLY, Thomas, account against In- 
dians approved, 26 

KELSALL, Roger, signs memorial on 
ceded lands, 18; commissioner of 
claims, 70; commissioner of roads, 
112; commissioner of Great Ogeechee 
Ferry, 117; certificate in favor of 
Matthias Lepina, 127; see also Spald- 
ing & Kelsall 

KELSALL, William, mentioned, 54n 

KELSALL, William R., signs petition 
on slave depredations, 54 

KEOKAS. see Kiokas 

KIDD, George, account for cleansing 
town, 105, 106; see also Todd & Kidd, 
Gray & Kidd 

KING OF ENGLAND, order respecting 
ammunition, firearms, 7 

KING'S STORES, cannon, etc., remov- 
ed from, 28-29 

KIOKAS DISTRICT, mentioned, 66; 
militia officers commissioned, 118 

KITCHEN, James (Collector at Sun- 
bury), affidavit, 28 

KNOX, Robert, petition of George Wal- 
ton against, 10, 15 

KRUPP, Nicholaus, account for at- 
tendance on John Shick, 99 



LAMBERT, James, commissioned cap- 
tain, 120 

LAMBERT BIG CREEK, mentioned, 
120, 121 

LANG, John, commissioned lieutenant, 
118 

LANIERE, Benjamin, commissioner of 
roads, 7 

LAVIEN, Peter, elected officer, 43 

LAW, Capt., asked to leave province, 
25 

LeCONTE, William, signs application 
of Council of Safety, 39 

LEE, Rebecca, petition for land grant, 
10 

LEPINA, Matthias, petition, 127-128 

LESLIE, Major-General, mentioned, 80; 
appropriates Mr. Jollie's house, 84 

LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION, to 
be published in Gazette, 89 

LEWIS, Francis, trading with Indians 
without license, 23 

LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR, see Gra- 
ham, John 

LIGHT INFANTRY COMPANY, see 
Militia 

LITTLE OGEECHEE DISTRICT, num- 
ber representatives in General As- 
sembly, 58; representative elected, 
102 

LITTLE RIVER, mentioned, 23 

LIVINGSTON'S FORDING, mentioned, 
120, 121 

LOAN OFFICE COMMISSION, to be 
revived, 114; commissioners appoint- 
ed, 115 

LONDON, mentioned, 97 

LOWER CREEKS, see Creek Indians 

LOWRY, Hugh, application for magi- 
strate, 71-72 

LOYALISTS, North Carolina, men- 
tioned, 65 

LUCAS, Henry, account against Indians 
approved, 26 

LUCENA, John Charles, letter on elec- 
tion of officers, 43 

LUMBER, price to be controlled, 57 

LYLE, Matthew, justice of peace and 
major of militia, 68; commissioner of 
roads, 112; to investigate Luke Miz- 
zel, 118; in command 4th Regiment 
Foot Militia, 120; recommends militia 
officers for St. George's Parish, 120- 
122 

McBEAN'S CREEK, mentioned, 65 



138 



Mccormick, Robert, commissioner of 
roads, 111 

McCREDIE, David, commissioner of 
market, 100 

McCROON, Thomas, commissioned en- 
sign, 120 

MoCn.I^OCH, KohiTt, Collector at 
Savannah), requests permission to is- 
sue duties in payment to troops, 51- 
52; on committee to settle prices, 
57; justice of peace, 63; questions on 
repeal of tea duty, 66, 71 

McCUMMBER, Matthew, accusation 
against, 89-90 

McDonald, Charles, justice of peace, 
106; commissioner of roads, 112 

McDonald, Margaret, applies for per- 
mission to leave Georgia, 60 

McGEARY, Edward, land grant, 25 

McGILLIVRAY, Lachlan, commissioner 
of roads, 112 

McGIRTH'S PEOPLE, accused of 
depredations, 109 

McGOWN, Alexander, member grand 
jury, 75 

McINTOSH, Gen. Lachlan, discussion 
on use of his house as court house, 
85-86; induces Andrew MacLean to ac- 
company army to Savannah, 113 

McINTOSH, Roderick, commissioner of 
roads, 112 

MACKAY, James, attends council, 1 (2), 
5, 14, 15, 19, 20, 24, 26 (2), 27, 33, 35, 
37, 47; commissioner of roads, 112; 
commissioner of Great Ogeechee Fer- 
ry 117 

MACKAY, Robert & CO., signs me- 
morial on ceded lands, 18, 48; account 
against Indians approved, 26; see also 
Williams & Mackay 

McLACHLAN, COLIN, account for 
cheese for militia, 110 

McLEAN, Andrew, inherits land from 
father, 2; signs memorial on ceded 
lands, 18; acount against Indians ap- 
proved, 27; letter on Creek Indians, 
34; attends council, 112; corroborates 
declaration of Houstoun, 113, 129; 
declaration on conduct and loyalty, 
113; removed from disqualifying act, 
114-115; Justice of peace, 117; captain 
of militia, 118 

McLEAN, Jervey, Inherits land from 
father; death mentioned, 2 

McLEAN, John, caveat against execu- 
tors, 2; petition for land postponed, 
0; rejected, 6 



MacLEOD, Dr. Donald, investigates 
Savannah for smallpox, 77 

McNEAR, — , commissioned lieutenant, 
118 

MADDOCK, Joseph, commissioner of 
roads, 112 

MAGAZINE, see Powder magazine 

MANN, Luke, petition for land, ()-7 

MANSON, William, petition for land, 
10; petition of inhabitants of ceded 
lands, 116 

MARCH ISLAND, see Marsh Island 

MARKET COMMISSIONERS, need for; 
appointed, 99-100 

MARKET LAWS, mentioned, 79 

MARSH ISLAND, petitions for grant 
of, 8 

MARSHALL, Joseph, justice of peace, 
68 

MARTIAL LAW, discussion on de- 
declaring, 50-51 

MARTIN, Clement, attends council, 1 
(2), 6, 9, 10, 12, 14, 19, 24, 26, 27, 33, 
35, 37 

MARTIN David, supposed drowned, 13 

MARTIN, John, elected captain, 44; 
commissioned ensign, 121 

MASSACHUSETTS BAY, resistance and 
disobedience in mentioned, 11 

MAULE, — , petition, 96 

MEAT, see Beef; Pork 

MEDWAY RIVER, number represent- 
atives in General Assembly, 58; peti- 
tion of inhabitants for protection, 
97-98 

MERCHANDISE, measures for control 
of prices, 57 

MEURONG, Margaret, applies for per- 
mission to leave Georgia, 60 

MEYER, Dr., pay for curing Christian 
Dasher, 117 

MIDWAY, representatives to General 
Assembly, 102 

MIDWAY RIVER, see Medway River 

MIDWAY ROAD, commissioners ap- 
pointed, 112 

MILITARY HOSPITAL, in state house, 
100-101 

MILITIA, Grenadier and Light Infan- 
try companies mentioned, 1 ; officers 
elected in: 5th Co., Ebenezer, 36-37, 
44; Savannah Co., 37; 1st Co. of let 
Regiment Foot Militia, 43; 4th Co., 
43-44; Light Infantry Co., 44-45; 8th 
Co., Foot Militia, 45; no need for re- 
form in, 39; Augusta regiment men- 
tioned, 46; officers commissioned, 65; 



139 



horse patrols established, limits, 67-68; 
Gen. Prevost agrees to pay horse pa- 
trols, 74; payment for cheese for, 110; 
officers commissioned in : 2d Regi- 
ment, Foot Militia, 118; 4th Regiment, 
Foot Militia, 120-121; Col. Grierson's 
regiment, 121; pleas of exemption 
from military duty, 128. 
MILLEN, Stephen, commissioner of 

roads. 111 
MILLS, Thomas, commissioner of 

roads, 7 
MILNER, John, member of grand jury, 

75 
MINIS, Abigail, petition to leave Sa- 
vannah, 55-56; report of attorney gen- 
eral on petition, 59-60 
MINIS, Hannah, petition to leave Sa- 
vannah, 55-56, 59-60 
MINIS, Hester, petition to leave Sa- 
vannah, 55-56, 59-60 
MINIS, Judy, petition to leave Savan- 
nah, 55-56, 59-60 
MINIS, Leah, petition to leave Savan- 
nah, 55-56, 59-60 
MINIS, Sarah, petition to leave Savan- 
nah, 55-56, 59-60 
MIZZEL, Luke, recommended as cap- 
tain, 118 
MONIACK (Indian Interpreter), applies 
for pay for sending intelligence on 
Indians, 5 
MONTAIGUT, David (Powder receiver), 
reports public magazine robbed, 22; 
justice of peace, 55; drops prosecu- 
tion against Clubb, 92-93 
MONTGOMERY, mentioned, 68, 69 
MONTGOMERYi,^ John, commissioned 

lieutenant, 121 
MONTGOMERY, Samuel, justice of 
peace, 68; commissioner of roads, 112 
MOORE, Andrew; recommended as ma- 
jor of militia; deferred, 121 
MOORE, Col., privateer under his com- 
mand ready for sea, 51 
MOORE, Col. Philip, signs petition on 
slave depredations, 54; account for 
supplies for militia, 118-119 
MOORE, Capt. Thomas William, me- 
morial, 81; asked to remove Negro, 
Sambo, from province, 91 
MOORE, "William, elected lieutenant, 44 
MORE, Lt.-Col., granted commission in 

Georgia militia, 65-66 
MOREL, John, Negroes of estate or- 
dered for public works, 50 
MOREL, Mary (Mrs. John), Negroes 



of ordered for public works, 60; pe- 
titions for permission to inoculate 
against smallpox, 68-69; granted, 74 

MORRIS, Thomas, petition for land, 6-7 

MORRISON, John, commissioned cap- 
tain, 120 

MOSS, William, petition for grant of 
Marsh Island, 8 

MOSSMAN, James, petition for grant 
of Marsh Island, 8; signs petition on 
slave depredations, 54; on committee 
to settle prices, 57; investigates small- 
pox in Savannah, 77; commissioner 
for town and common of Savannah, 
83; elected to General Assembly, 102; 
letter on behalf of James Houstoun, 
119 

MOUNT PLEASANT, mentioned, 66 

MOXBY, Benjamin, petition, 93-94 

MULRYNE, Col., on committee to set- 
tle prices, 57 

MULRYNE, John, commissioner of 
roads. 111 

MUNRO, Simon, elected to General As- 
sembly, 102; commissioner of roads, 
112; certifies in favor of Matthias Le- 
pina, 127 

MURPHY, William, petition for relief, 
116 

MURRAY, John, signs petition on slave 
depredations, 54; foreman of grand 
jury, 75; commissioner of roads, 112 

MURRY, Js., mentioned, 54n 

MUTER, James, account for sundries 

for court house, 99 
MYBR, Capt. Jacob, mentioned, 36 

NAVAL OFFICER, appointment of, 46; 
instructions to on duties, 123-124 

NEGROES, prospect of insurrection, 41; 
summoned for work on fortifications 
of Savannah, 49-50; attempts of Caro- 
linians to carry them off expected, 55; 
laws mentioned, 61 ; depredations, 
counter-measures, 61, 75; infected by 
smallpox, 64; captured and refugeed 
Negroes embodied as Pioneer Corps, 
70; badge of identification recom- 
mended, 75; house of confinement 
needed, 75; accommodations to be 
provided in Savannah, 81; carried off 
in boats, 89-90, 120; rates for hire 
of, 92; complaints against, 126; ex- 
tracts of laws to be published, 126; 
see also Slaves 



140 



NEILSON, Nicholas, asks protection, 
92 

NETHERCLIFT, Capt. Thomas, offers 
to escort Indians to Savannah, 1; 
letter on election of militia officers, 
44-45; signs petition for ceded lands, 
48; small pox at his plantation, 64-65; 
68, 69 

NEW PROVIDENCE, mentioned, 93 

NEW ROAD, mentioned, 120 

NEW YORK, mentioned, 52 

NEWINGTON ROAD, commissioners 
for, 112 

NEWPORT, mentioned, 88 

NEWPORT ROAD, commissioners for, 
112 

NEWSOM, — , allowed to take oath of 
allegiance, 96 

NEWSOM, David, petition postponed, 
87 

NEWSON, John, petition, 99 

NICHOLS, George, commissioned cap- 
tain, 118 

NORMAN, Abraham, account against 
Indians approved, 27 

NORTH CAROLINA LOYALISTS, men- 
tioned, 65 

NORTH CAROLINA ROYAL VOLUN- 
TEERS, mentioned, 71 

NORTHWEST ROAD, commissioners 
for, 112 

NUNES, Moses, to prepare accommoda- 
tions for Indians in Savannah, 1; pro- 
secution against dropped, 7; petition 
for salary as interpreter of Creek Na- 
tion, 106 

NUNES, Samuel, accused of felony, 68; 
report of attorney general, 72-73 

NUTT, John, account against Indians 
approved, 15; on petition for ceded 
lands, 48 

OCMULGEE (OAKMULGEE) RIVER, 

mentioned, 47 

OCONEE (OCONY) RIVER, mention- 
ed, 3 

OGEECHEE FERRY ROAD, commis- 
sioners for, 111 

OGEECHEE FORT, built, 16; inferior 
court to be held at, 23 

OGEECHEE RIVER, mentioned, 6, 23, 
65, 6C, 67, 88, 89, 98, 120 

OGEECHEE RIVER DISTRICT, num- 
ber representatives In General As- 
sembly, 58 

OGLEVIE, Peter, commissioned ensign, 
120-121 



OLD BOUNDARY LINE, mentioned, 

23 
OLD INDIAN ROAD, mentioned, 120 
OLDIS, William, affidavit, 89-90 
ORPHAN HOUSE ROAD, commission- 
ers appointed, 111 
OWENS, Owen, signs petition on 
slave depredations, 54; member grand 
jury, 75; pilotage commissioner, 116 

PACE, Silas, land grant, 25 

PANTON, Wiliam, elected to General 
Assembly, 102 

PARDONS, offered to all who promise 
allegiance, 95-96 

PARISHES, four new ones created, 58; 
see also names of Parishes 

PAROCHIAL COMMITTEE, mentioned, 
41 

PARRY, see Perry 

PARSONAGE, account for repairs of, 
83; to be meeting place for General 
Assembly, 101 

PATERSON, Simon, elected to General 
Assembly, 102 

PATROL AND NEGRO LAWS, see 
Negroes 

PATTISON, Gen. , army to move 

up country, 89; goes to Charleston 
instead of Augusta, 91 

PAUMIER, Mr., on committee to settle 
prices, 57 

PAYNE, John, account against Indians 
approved, 27 

PEAS, exportation prohibited, 94 

PENNSYLVANIA, mentioned, 4 

PERRETT, John, caveat against Grler- 
son, 2, 11; mill mentioned, 2 

PERRY, Isaac, justice of peace, 117; 
commissioned captain, 118 

PERRYMAN, Theophlllus, account 
against Indians approved, 26 

PEW, Jesse, land grant, 25 

PHELPS, William, commissioned cap- 
tain, 121 

PHILADELPHIA, mentioned, 8, 113 

PHILLIPS, George, commissioned cap- 
tain, 118 

PHILSON, John, land grant, 25 

PILCHER, Edward, commissioned cap- 
tain, 65, 66, 120 

PIONEER CORPS, composed of cap- 
tured and refugeed Negroes, 70 

PILOTAGE COMMISSION, to be re- 
vived, 114; commissioners appointed, 
116; letter requesting opinion on allot- 
ment and pilot for boat, 119 

PIRACY, seamen charged with, 108 



141 



PITCHER, Edward, mentioned, 65n 

POLHILL, Nathaniel, commissioner of 
roads, 112 

POLICE COMMISSIONERS, reports 
read, 101 

POOLER, Quintin, calls out troops, 43 

POOR HOUSE, needed in Savannah, 75; 
suitable place to be found, 76 

PORTEUS, Robert, on committee to 
settle prices, 57; elected to General 
Assembly, 102; commissioner of 
roads, 111 

POWDER MAGAZINE, broken into, 
22-23; not safe for storage, 24 

POWDER RECEIVER, see Montaigut, 
David 

POWELL, James Edward, attends 
council, 1(2), 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 
14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 
26 (2), 27, 30 (2), 33, 35, 37, 46, 47; 
reexamines Indian accounts, 21, 22 

POWELL, Lewis, Jr., land grant, 25 

POWELL, Robert Williams, signs pe- 
tition on slave depredations, 54; 
member grand jury, 75 

PRESTON, — , notified of appointment 
of justices of peace, 14 

PREVOST, Maj.-Gen. Augustin, orders 
military posts established, 67; asked 
to pay for horse patrols, 68; reply, 
74; sent report on Gibbons-Nunes 
case, 73; sent presentments of grand 
jury, 76; reply, 78; opinion on in- 
noculation, 80, 82; to be asked for 
house for court rooms, 86; to keep 
custody of prisoners, 90; opinions 
asked on status of persons suspected 
of treason, 90; mentioned, 92, 127; 
gives governor proclamation on par- 
dons, 95; assistance asked in stop- 
ping disorders, 97-98 

PRICE CONTROL, measures for, 57 

PRINDLE, Jonathan, manager of El- 
bert's farm, 81 

PRISON SHIP, to be procured, 90 

PRISSICK, George, petition for land, 
8-9 

PROPERTY, real and personal, noti- 
fication regarding abandoned prop- 
erty, 87-88; report of claims com- 
mission read, 101 

PROTHONOTARY, office in court 
house, 84; to have office in Mcintosh 
house, 85; see also Simpson, John 

PROVINCIAL CONGRESS, unlawfully 
assembled at Savannah, 12; Associa- 
tion published, 15; mentioned, 30, 37, 



39, 40, 43; reasons for convening, ad- 
dress to governor, 31-32; refuted, 32- 
33; bans minister of Christ Church, 
34-35, 41; directs militia companies 
to elect own officers, 36, 44, 45; rec- 
ommends signing Association, 45; ob- 
structs Indian trade, 47 

PROVINCIAL TROOPS, to be paid 
out of customs duties, 52 

PROVOST MARSHAL, mentioned, 15, 
57, 58, 62; directed to arrest Hum- 
phrys, 16; office in court house, 84; 
ousted by military, 85; to have room 
in Mcintosh house, 85; asked to re- 
port on petition of prisoners, 90; re- 
turns unexecuted writs of election 
for Augusta, 103; see also Farley, 
Joseph ; Hawkins, Pinkethman 

PRYCE, — , notified of appointment of 
justices of peace, 14 

PURRYSBURGH, S. C, mentioned, 60, 
124 

QUEENSBOROUGH, inhabitants re- 
quest appointment of justices and 
militia officers, 68 

RAE & COMPANY, account against In- 
dians approved, 27 

RAE, Elbert & Co., account against In- 
dians approved, 27; petition for land 
grant, 48 

RAE, Whitfield & Co., petition for land 
grant, 48 

RAMSEY, Randal, Jr., commissioned 
lieutenant, 121 

RANDALL, John B., letter on election 
of militia officers, 43 

RANDON, Peter, to be restrained from 
unlawful Indian trade, 3 

READ, James, attends council, 5, 6, 7, 
9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 
22, 23, 24, 26(2), 27, 30, 33, 35, 37, 46, 
47; reexamines Indian accounts, 21, 
22; executor Zouberbuhler estate, 122; 
death mentioned, 122 

READ, William, commissioned captain, 
120 

RBAS CREEK DISTRICT, mentioned, 
118 

REAS ROAD, mentioned, 120 

REBELS, see Americans 

REDD, James, see Read, James 

REID, — , accusation against, 89-90 

REID, Robert, commissioner of roads, 
111 



142 



REISTER'S PLANTATION, mentioned, 
66 

RICE, exportation prohibited, 79; pe- 
tition for exportation of, 93-94 

RICHARD, Thomas, land grant, 25 

RIOT, in Savannah, 13 

HITTER, John, murdered, 79 

RITTER, Michael, petition, 79 

RITTER, Peter, petition, 79 

ROADS, ruinous condition of, 75; ac- 
tion of council, 76; commissioners 
appointed, 7, 111-112 

ROBERTSON, Andrew, appointed to 
examine Indian accounts, 9; examines 
accounts, 13, 21, 22, 26(2) ; justice of 
peace, 23; account for repairs of par- 
sonage, 83 

ROBERTSON, Col., testifies in behalf 
of John Shick, 82 

ROBERTSON, James (Attorney Gen- 
eral), opinion asked on purchase of 
land from Indians, 3; form of grant 
for purchase of ceded lands, 9, 26; 
petition on land grant, 10; Indian 
traders, 23; complaints referred to 
him, 25; election of militia officers, 
45; commission for naval officer, 46; 
Minis petition, 56, 60; to be informed 
of price offenses, 57; elections, 58-59, 
62; law books removed to St. Au- 
gustine, 62; tea duty, 66, 71; Nunes- 
Gibbons case, 68, 72-73; mentioned, 
69; bills of indictment, 75; present- 
ments of grand jury, 76; case of 
Clubb, 80, 92-93; concurs in memorial 
on court house, 86; case of Sambo, 87; 
appointment of constables and re- 
admission of attornies, 93; pardon 
proclamation, 95; petition of Maule 
and Gibson, 96; elected to General 
Assembly, 102; return of rebels, 106, 
107, 124, 126; petition of prisoners, 
108; forms to use in disqualifying 
act, 114; loan office commissioner, 
115; Zouberbuhlor will, 123; requests 
advice on treason trials, 125-126; 
Negro and patrol laws, 126 

ROI'.KKTSON, Mr. luitified to pay min- 
ister's salary, 111 

ROBINSON, Andrew, see Robertson, 
Andrew 

ROCKY COMFORT, inhabitants request 
appointment of militia officers, 68; 
mentioned, 121 

ROCKY CREEK, mentioned, 120 

RODNEY (Ship), mentioned, 93 

ROSS, James, ensign, 45 



ROSS, William, signs petition on slave 
depredations, 54; justice of peace, 63; 
commissioner of market, 1(X); elected 
to General Assembly, 102; commis- 
sioner of roads, 112; on pilotage com- 
mission, 116 

RUM, price to the controlled, 57; ac- 
count for, for celebration of reduc- 
tion of Charleston, 110 

RUSSELL, David, justice of peace, 106; 
commissioner of roads, 112 

RUTLEDGE, John (Governor of South 
Carolina), mentioned, 89, 90 

SAILS, used as tents during seige of 
Savannah, 118-119 

ST. ANDREW'S PARISH, horse patrol 
established, 67; representatives to 
General Assembly, 102; justices of 
peace, 106; road commissioners, 112; 
mentioned, 116 

ST. AUGUSTINE, soldiers ordered to 
Savannah, 34 

ST. DAVID'S PARISH, representative 
to General Assembly, 102 

ST. EUSTATIUS, mentioned, 60 

ST. GEORGE'S PARISH, justices of 
peace, 14, 16, 68, 106; unlawful as- 
sembly in, 15-16; mentioned, 14, 65, 
116, 120 (2) ; petition of some inhabi- 
tants repudiating association, 24-25; 
representatives to General Assembly, 
102; militia officers appointed, 65, 
120-122; road commissioners, 112 

ST. JAMES'S PALACE, mentioned, 7 

ST. JAMES' PARISH, representative 
to General Assembly, 102 

ST. JOHN (Armed Schooner), mention- 
ed, 13, 113 

ST. JOHN'S PARISH, horse patrol 
established, 67; representatives to 
General Assembly, 102 

ST. MARY'S PARISH, representatives 
to General Assembly,, 102 

ST. MARY'S RIVER, mentioned, 58, 112 

ST. MATTHEW'S PARISH, represent- 
atives to General Assembly, 102 ; com- 
missioners of roads, 112; mentioned, 
116 

ST. PATRICK'S PARISH, representa- 
tive to General Assembly, 102 

ST. PAUL'S PARISH, mentioned, 11, 
116; no representatives elected to 
General Assembly, 103; commlBslonera 
of roads, 112; justices of peace, 117, 
126; magistrates have not qualified, 
121 



143 



ST. PHILIP'S PARISH, commissioners 
of roads, 7; representatives to Gen- 
eral Assembly, 102; mentioned, 116; 
petition that Luke Mizzel be appoint- 
ed captain, 118 

ST. THOMAS' PARISH, representatives 
to General Assembly, 102 

BALL, Jonathan, commissioner of roads, 
112 

SAMBO, condemned for murder, 81; re- 
prieved, 82; report of magistrates on, 
87; report of coroner; deportation, 91 

SANDERS, Joel, land grant, 25 

SANDY RUN, mentioned, 120, 121 

SAVANNAH, mentioned, 8, 29, 31, 34, 
41, 56, 98, 113, 124; Provincial Con- 
gress held at, 12, 15; disturbances in, 
13, 22-23; patrol ordered to duty in, 
23; soldiers from St. Augustine re- 
quested for defense of, 34; Negroes 
summoned for work on fortifications, 
49-50; blocked by sea and land, 50; 
returning inhabitants to be exam- 
ined for loyalty, 53; petition of in- 
habitants against slave depredations, 
53-54; number of representatives in 
General Assembly, 58; houses of 
rebels appropriated for army, 70; con- 
dition of, 74-75; smallpox reported in, 
76-77; complaints of market clerk, 79; 
church repaired, 83; commissioners 
for town and common, 83; cleansing 
streets and lanes duty of beadle, 83; 
rebels have most and best houses, 86; 
to be cleaned, 92 ; representatives elect- 
ed, 102; accounts for cleaning town, 
105, 106; public buildings to be re- 
paired, 110-111, 119-120 

SAVANNAH, Siege of, arrival of French 
fleet, 51; defeat of French and Ameri- 
cans, 52; mentioned, 53, 61, 70, 82, 
85, 93, 99, 113; account for supplies 
for militia, 118-119 

SAVANNAH PORT COLLECTOR, see 
McCulloch, Robert; Thompson, Mr. 
SAVANNAH RIVER, mentioned, 23, 
66, 88, 89, 121, 

SECRETARY OF STATE, Great Brit- 
ain, reports sent to him, 29, 101; let- 
ter on deserted estates, 83; mention- 
ed, 87 
SEGAL, Abner, land grant, 25 
SEYMOUR, Rev. James, commissioner 
of roads, 112; justice of peace, 117; 
qualifies as justice of peace, 121 



SHAND, Peter, asks appointment of 
additional justices of peace, 14; di- 
rected to prevent disorders, 15-16 
SHICK, John, wounded at Savannah; 

petition, 82; account for care of, 99 
SIMPSON, John, on committee to settle 
prices, 57; signs orders as clerk of 
court, 76; concurs in memorial on 
court house, 86; commissioner of 
market, 100; elected to General As- 
sembly, 102; see also Prothonotary 

SKIDAWAY ISLAND, number repre- 
sentatives in General Assembly, 58; 
representative elected, 102 

SKIDAWAY ROAD, commissioners ap- 
pointed, 111 

SKINNER, Isaac, commissioned ensign, 
118 

SLAUGHTER PENS, complaint, 74; lo- 
cation of, 78 

SLAVES, petition against depredations 
of, 53-54; stolen from Graham plan- 
tation, 82; rates for hiring out, 92; 
see also Negroes 

SLOANE, George, justice of peace, 106; 
commissioner of roads, 112 

SMALLPOX, breaks out, 54, 64, 68, 74, 
76-77, 79; laws governing advertising 
of, 54-55; law on inoculation, 64-65; 
inoculation requested, 64, 68-69; regu- 
lations mentioned, 72; inoculation 
permitted, 74, 79, 80, 83; inoculation 
prohibited, 76; opinion of Gen. Pre- 
vost on inoculation, 80 

SMITH, Christopher, account against 
Indians approved, 27 

SMITH, John, executor Zouberbuhler 
estate, 122; under disqualifying law, 
122, 123 

SMITH, Mrs. uses one of best build- 
ings in town for tavern, 86 

SMITH, Nicholas, land grant, 25 

SMITH, Rev. Mr., banned by Provin- 
cial Congress, 34-35, 41 

SMITH, Stephen, recommended as jus- 
tice of peace, 14; qualifies as justice 
of peace, 16; account against Indians 
approved, 26 

SOFEEA, wanted for murder, 2 

SOLDIERS, found guilty of petit lar- 
ceny; sentenced, 80 

SOMERVILLE, Capt., testifies in be- 
half of Shick, 82 

SOUTH CAROLINA, recruiting men for 
service, 29, 42; plundering by Caro- 
linians expected, 55; mentioned, 60, 



144 



90; force from needed to prevent dep- 
redations, 127 

SOUTH CAROLINA GAZETTE, Asso- 
ciation of Georgia Provincial Con- 
gress published in, 15; notice pub- 
lisiied in, 110 

SPALDING, James, elected to General 
Assembly, 102 

SPALDING & KELSALL, memorial on 
ceded lands, 18, 48 

SPALDING, HOLMES & CO., memorial 
on ceded lands, 18 

SPANISH SETTLEMENTS, mentioned, 
38 

SPIRIT CREEK DISTRICT, miUtia 
officers commissioned, 118 

STACEY, Jolin, petitions to take oath 
of allegiance, 119 

STANDING PEACH TREE, trouble 
Indians at, 47 

STATE HOUSE, used as military bos- 
pital, 100-101 

STATE OATHS, fee for administering, 
63-64; rolls distributed, 116 

STEEDS, Francis, account against In- 
dians approved, 27 

STEPHENS, James, member grand 
Jury, 75 

STEPHENS, Lt. William, report on 
election of officers, 37, 43-44 

STEWART, James, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 118 

STEWART, Matthew, commissioner of 
market, 100 

STEWART, William, concurs in me- 
morial on court house, 86 

STIRK, Capt. John, requests appoint- 
ment to command Ebenezer Company 
of militia, 36-37; resigns command; 
elected captain Ebenezer Company, 44 

STOKES, Anthony (Chief Justice), at- 
tends council, 1, 2, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 
14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 
26, 27, 30, 33, 35, 37, 46. 51, 52, 
53, 54, 55 57, 59, 61(2), 64, 66, 67, 
69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 76, 78, 80, 81, 84, 
87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95(2), 96, 
97, 98 (2), 99, 100 (2), 101 (2). 104, 105 
(3), 106, 107, 108, 110, 114, 115, 117 (2), 
118, 119, 121, 125, 126, 127; depositions 
on riot, 13; matters referred to him, 
25; opinion on election of officers, 40- 
42; recommends Montalgut as justice 
of peace, 55; questions on elections re- 
fered to him, 58-59, 62; opinion on 
calling Assembly, 62; law books lost 
in siege of town, 62; mentioned, 66; 



received grand jury presentments, 74; 
thanked by grand jury, 75; office in 
court house, 84; library removed from 
court house, 84; memorial on court 
house, 84-85; lives at Barrow's quar- 
ters, 85; takes affidavit of Oldis and 
others, 89; warrants for treason, 108 

STORR, John, commissioner of pilot- 
age, 116 

STORY, Robert, commissioned cap- 
tain, 121 

STRICKLAND, Richard, account of 
estate against Indians approved, 21 

STROTHERS, see Struthers 

STRUTHERS, William, Negroes of or- 
dered for public works, 50; commis- 
sioner of Great Ogeechee Ferry, 117 

STUART, John, attends council, 1, 2, 
8, 26; to pay part of cost of con- 
gress with Indians, 7 

STUART, Mrs., mentioned, 82 

SUNBURY, privateer at, ready for sea, 
51; mentioned, 55; military post to 
be established, 67; fort at, mentioned, 
127 

SUNBURY PORT COLLECTOR, see 
Antrobus, Isaac; Kitchen, James 

SUNBURY ROAD, commissioners ap- 
pointed, 112 

SURNAM, Lewis, account of estate 
against Indians approved, 21 

SURVEYOR-GENERAL^ given direc- 
tions for surveys of ceded lands, 9 

SUTCLIFF, John, arrested; petition 
for trial, 108; petition to take oath 
of allegiance, 110 , 

SW ANSON, David, account as deputy 
provost of garrison, 66 

SWANSTON, Shat, mentioned, 66n 

TAIT, David (Commissary in Creek 
Nation), requests presents for Tus- 
kegee Town, 8; letter accusing Baillie 
of unlawful trade, 29-30; directed to 
keep Creeks from coming to Savan- 
nah, 34 

TALLAMACHE, Thomas, signs peti- 
tion on slave depredations, 54; mem- 
ber grand jury, 75 

TALLAMACHE & WALLACE, accounts 
for rum, 110 

TALLY, John, account against Indians 
approved, 27 

TALLY AND TAPLEY, account against 
Indians approved, 27 

TAPLEY, John Adam, account against 
Indians approved, 27 



145 



TATTNALL, John Mulryne, takes oath 
as clerk Commons House of Assem- 
bly. 103 

TATTNALL, Josiah, appointed to coun- 
cil, 97; attends council, 97(2), 98(2), 
99, 100 (2), 101, 104, 105, 106 (2), 107, 
108, 109 (2), 110, 111, 115, 117, 118, 119, 
126; account for cemetery fence, 106; 
commissioner of roads. 111; loan office 
commissioner, 115; justice of quorum, 
117; director and inspector of public 
works, 120 

TEA DUTY, question of its repeal, 66; 
report of attorney general, 71 

TELFAIR, Edward, petition for land 
postponed, 5; rejected, 6 

TENTS, made of sails during siege of 
town, 118-119 

TERRIAN, Isaac, death mentioned, 10 

TEW, Jesse, land grant, 25 

THANKSGIVING DAY, proclaimed to 
celebrate defeat of French and Ameri- 
cans at Savannah, 52 

THOMAS, John, asks appointment of 
additional justices, 14; directed to 
prevent disorders, 15-16 

THOMAS, Samuel, information on il- 
legal trade with Creeks, 23 

THOMPSON, Jacob, commisioned lieu- 
tenant, 120 

THOMPSON, Mr. (Collector at Savan- 
nah), directed to offer reward for 
information on rioters, 13; asks guid- 
ance on disposition of duties, 97 

THOMSON, Alexander, commissioner 
of market, 100 

TIMOTHY, Peter, publisher of Caro- 
lina newspaper, 15 

TINCKLER, John, account against In- 
dians ; death mentioned, 15 

TODD & KIDD, account for wood, 110 

TODD, John, account for labor for 
cleansing town, 105, 106 

TONYN, Patrick (Governor of East 
Florida), sends instructions and reg- 
ulations on Indian trade, 14; reply 
to request for gunpowder, 27-28; to 
be acquainted with state of Indian 
affairs, 34 

TREASON, to be punished, 52-53; rec- 
ommendations of council for persons 
suspected of, 90; difficulty of obtain- 
ing conviction for, 125 

TREASURER, Public, points out eva- 
sion of duty payments; recommenda- 
tions, 123-124 



TREVOR, — -, accusation against, 89-90 

TRIEBNER, Rev. Christopher Freder- 
ick, commissioner of roads, 112 

TUNNO, John, commissioner of claims, 
70; letter on exportation of rice, 79; 
building of recommended for court 
house, 85-86; commissioner and 
claims agent for army, 85; uses one 
of best buildings in town for store, 86 

TUSKEEGBB TOWN, people have not 
received presents, 8 

TYBEE ISLAND, number representa- 
tives in General Assembly, 58; rep- 
resentative elected, 102 

UPTON, Benjamin, commissioned en- 
sign, 121 

VERNONBURG, number representa- 
tives in General Assembly, 58; rep- 
resentative elected, 102 

WADSWORTH, Thomas, land grant, 25 

WALKER, Joel, justice of peace, 14 

WALKER'S MILL CREEK, mentioned, 
120(2) 

WALLACE, John, signs petition on 
slave depredations, 54; commissioner 
of pilotage, 116 

WALTON, George, appeal against Rob- 
ert Knox, 10, 15; signs application of 
Council of Safety, 39; in command 
8th Co. Foot Militia, 45 

WALTON, John, recommends justices 
of peace and inferior courts for 
ceded lands, 23 

WATERS, James, commissioned lieu- 
tenant, 121 

WATERS, Thomas, account against In- 
dians approved 27; appointed magis- 
trate, 117 

WATSON, Jacob, commissioned cap- 
tain, 118 

WELLS, Andrew Elton, mentioned, 13 

WERTCH, Lt. John, mentioned, 36 

WEST FLORIDA, letter from govern- 
or of, 14 

WEST INDIES, vessel from seized at 
Sunbury, 28, 29; mentioned, 51; prac- 
tice in collecting duties, 123 

WETHERBY, James, commissioned en- 
sign, 118 

WHITE, William, asked to leave pro- 
vince, 25; land grant, 25 

WHITE BLUFF ROAD, mentioned, 81; 
commissioners appointed, 111 



146 



WIGGIN, Job, account against In- 
dians approved, 21 

WILDER, Joseph, commissioned cap- 
tain, 121 

WILKSON, Edward, & Co., signs me- 
morial on ceded lands, 18 

WILLIAMS, Joseph, justice of peace, 
126 

WILLIAMS & MACKAY, account 
against Indians approved, 26 

WILLIAMS CREEK, mentioned, 118 

WILMINGTON ISLAND, number of 
representatives in General Assembly, 
58; representative elected, 102 

WILSON, John, proposed as captain, 
121-122 

WINE, price to be controlled, 57 

WITNESSES, to be given living allovc- 
ance while attending court, 72 

WOOD, John, petition, 93-94; commis- 
sioner of pilotage, 116 

WOOD, Jonathan, commissioned en- 
sign, 120 

WOODS, David, commissioner of roads, 
112 

WOOLFINGTON, Robert, commisioned 
lieutenant, 120 

WORK-HOUSE, to be built, 110 

WRIGHT, Alex., elected to General 
Assembly, 102 

WRIGHT, Benjamin, account for cart- 
ing wood for bonfires, 110 

WRIGHT, Elizabeth, applies for per- 
mission to leave Georgia, 60 

WRIGHT, Sir James (Governor of 
Georgia), attends council, 1(2), 2, 3, 
5, 6, 7, 9, 10. 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 
19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26(2), 27, 30(2), 
33, 35, 37, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 
55, 57, 59, 60, 61 (2), 64, 66, 67, 69, 
70, 71, 73(2), 74, 76, 78(2), 80, 81, 82, 
84, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95(2), 
96, 97(2), 98, 99, 100(2), 101(2), 104, 
105(3), 106, 107, 108, 109(2), 110, 111, 
112, 114(2), 115, 117(2), 118, 119, 121, 
125, 126, 127; adjourns Commons 
House of Assembly, 12; address from 
Provincial Congress, 31-32; letters to 
Earl of Dartmouth, 33; application 
from Council of Safety, 37-39; letter 
to General Commanding British 



forces in America, 51; receiver of 
money from duties, 52 

WRIGHT, James, Jr., attends council, 
49, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 59, 60, 61(2), 
69, 73, 84, 104, 105(2), 126, 127 

WRIGHTSBOROUGH, fort built, 5; 
mentioned 47, 103 

WRIGHTSBOROUGH DISTRICT, mi- 
litia officers commissioned, 118 

WRITS OF ERROR, acts governing, 
10-11 

WYLLY, Alexander, appointed to ex- 
amine accounts against Indians, 9; 
examines accounts, 13, 26; mentioned, 
43; signs petition on slave depre- 
dations, 54; member grand jury, 75; 
commissioner for town and common 
of Savannah, 83; elected to General 
Assembly, 102; asked for information 
on loan office and pilotage commis- 
sion, 114; commissioner of loan office, 
115; ordered to have council min- 
utes copied, 116 



YONGE, 

2, 3, 5, 

35, 37, 
YONGE, 

sembly, 

111 
YOUNG, 

ed, 81, 
YOUNG, 
YOUNG, 

Council 
YOUNGE, 

111 



Henry, attends council, 1(2), 
6, 7, 10, 11, 19, 21, 22, 24, 33, 
47 

Philip, elected to General As- 
102; commissioner of roads, 

George, murder of mention- 

87 

Peter, son murdered, 81 

William, signs application of 

of Safety, 39 

Charles, commission of roads. 



ZOUBERBUHLER,, Rev. Bartholomew, 
plantation left in trust for charitable 
purposes; provisions of will, 122-123 

ZUBLY, David, commissioner of mar- 
ket, 100; elected to General Assembly, 
102 

ZUBLY, Rev. John Joachim, signs pe- 
tition on slave depredations, 54; jus- 
tice of peace, 63; commissioner of 
peace, 98-99; authorized to pay Dr. 
Meyer for cure of Christian Dasher, 
117; writes in behalf of John Stacey, 
119 



147