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Full text of "Collections of the Georgia Historical Society"

Collections 

of the 

Georgia Historical Society 

Vol. XV 

The Reuben King Journal, 1800- 1806 
Edited by Virginia Steele Wood and Ralph Van Wood 




savannah, GEORGIA 
THE GEORGIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

197I 



The Unkich Bonnell Phillips Memorial Fund 

Has Made Possible the Publication of This 

Volume 



INTRODUCTION 

REUBEN King (1779- 1867), by trade a tanner, was one of 
the many New Englanders who migrated to Georgia after 
the Revolutionary War. In the pages of his Journal, we have an 
account of everyday life by a young man seeking his fortune 
without benefit of money or fame. His travels from Sharon, 
Connecticut, to Pittsburgh, mostly on foot, and later from Balti- 
more to Georgia by ship, illustrate how relatively easy it was to 
go south during this period. His comments on sickness and weather, 
business and social life give us an interesting glimpse of life in a 
small coastal Georgia town. Antedating a Darien, Georgia, news- 
paper by more than a decade, the Journal's record of local people 
and events makes it the sole source for certain happenings in that 
area. 

A visit to Connecticut in 1806 did not dissuade Reuben King 
from making Mcintosh County, Georgia, his home. Six years 
later he was married to Abigail, daughter of Joseph Austin of 
neighboring Liberty County. During the War of 181 2, he was 
a private in Capt. Joseph O'Neal's Company of Infantry, Georgia 
Militia, Regiment of Colonel John Pray. In 1822 he was elected 
Alderman of the City of Darien, and was Mcintosh County 
Surveyor, 1832-36. Sometime between 1830 and 1840, the family 
moved from Darien into the 22nd District of Mcintosh County, 
where Reuben King, already a slave owner, became a successful 
planter. By i860 his accumulated real and personal estate was 
valued over forty thousand dollars. 

George King ( 1754-183 1), eldest brother of Reuben, and men- 



tioned in this Journal, evidently went from Windsor to Sharon, 
Connecticut, in 1784. "He had previously been connected with the 
commissary department of the army, and at the close of the war 
established himself as a merchant, in company with Eli Mills. He 
prosecuted business with great success for many years, and ac- 
cumulated a large and valuable estate." 

Roswell King (1765-1844), also an older brother of Reuben's 
and frequently mentioned in this Journal, probably went to Geor- 
gia from Connecticut in the late 1780's. Leaving Mcintosh Count)'- 
he founded the town of Roswell, Cobb County, Georgia, about 
1837, and established the first cotton mill in that county. 

Reuben King died at the age of eighty-eight years, having lived 
through a fascinating period in American history. In the end he 
saw almost total destruction of Darien, his adopted home, and the 
beginnings of post Civil War reconstruction. Reuben and Abigail 
(Austin) King had two daughters, some of whose descendants 
are living in Georgia today. 

Sarah Amanda King, bom 26 July 1817 and died 13 May 1876; 
was married 23 May 1839 in Darien, Georgia, to her cousin, James 
Walker of Homer, New York, son of the Rev. EInathan Walker 
and Aurelia (King) Walker. Both James and Sarah (King) 
Walker were buried at Upper Mill Cemetery, Darien, Georgia. 

Elizabeth Aurelia King, bom 2 September 1824 and died 20 
November 1892; was married to Octavius C. Elopkins, of Mc- 
intosh County, Georgia, son of Francis and Rebecca (Sayre) 
Hopkins. Both were buried at the Hopkins Cemetery, Crescent, 
Georgia.* 

Care has been taken to transcribe the Journal exactly as it was 
written, following the original spelling, capitalization, and punctua- 

*Darien [Georgia] Gazette, 6 June 1822; J. B. R. Walker, Memorial of 
the Walkers of the Old Plymouth Colony (Northampton, 1861), 55, 83; 
Walker family records, courtesy of Miss Leonora Quarterman, Savannah, 
Ga., Mcintosh Co., Ga. headstone inscriptions, copied by the editor; Charles 
F. Sedgwick, General History of the Town of Sharon, Litchfield, County, 
Conn., (3rd edition, Amenia, N.Y., 1898), 136-37; Sarah Blackwell Gober 
Temple, The First Hundred Years, A Short History of Cohh County in 
Georgia (Atlanta, 1935), 111, 115; Caroline Price Wilson, Annals of Georgia, 
Vol. I, Liberty County Records (New York, 1928), 18; Federal Census 
Schedules, Mcintosh Co., Ga., 1820, pp. 27-28; 1830, p. 122; 1840, p. 88; 
1850, p. 210; 1860, p. 21. 



tion. In general, the manuscript is in fairly good condition, but 
we have indicated torn or partially missing pages as [torn]. In 
places, missing words, parts of words, and punctuation have been 
supplied in brackets. Completely illegible words or phrases are 
indicated . 

The journal was first published in The Georgia Historical 
Quarterly y June 1966 through March 1967. 

We are deeply indebted to Mrs. Lilla M. Hawes, Director 
of the Georgia Historical Society, who first introduced us to 
the Reuben King Journal, who made valuable suggestions re- 
garding some of the footnotes, and who volunteered to do the 
laborious job of proofreading our transcription. In addition, she 
frequently checked our notes against source material available 
at the Historical Society. 

Most of our research on Connecticut people mentioned in the 
Journal was undertaken at the Connecticut State Library, Hart- 
ford. We acknowledge, with appreciation, the invaluable help 
given us by Miss Frances Davenport, Chief of Public Services at 
the Library. 

The following people gave us assistance with some of the foot- 
notes: Mrs. Mary Givens Bryan (now deceased), former Director 
of the Georgia Dept. of Archives and History; Mrs. Phillip W. 
Bryant, Surveyor-General Dept., Georgia Dept. of Archives and 
History; Mrs. Susan B. Tate, Special Collections, University of 
Georgia Libraries; Mrs. Linda S. Sasser, P. K. Yonge Library of 
Florida History, University of Florida; David M. Ludlum, Ameri- 
can Meteorological Society and editor of Weatherwise, Princeton, 
N. J.; Joseph I. Waring, M.D., Historical Library, Medical Col- 
lege of S. C; T. Lassen, Curator, Udvandrerarkivet, Aalborg, 
Denmark; Mrs. Alene Lowe White, Librarian, The Western 
Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio; and Dr. T. H. Spence, 
Jr., Executive Director, Historical Foundation of the Presbyterian 
and Reformed Churches, Montreat, N. C, Miss Myrtle M. Jillson, 
Waterbury, Conn.; Mrs. Thomas C. Hart, King House, Sharon, 
Conn.; Mrs. Ralph M. Payne, Atlanta Georgia; Mrs. Mark A. 
Cooper, Sr., Rome, Georgia. We are indebted to Mrs. Arthur 



J. Estes, Greensboro, N.C., and Mrs. A. O. Townsend, Brunswick, 
Georgia, for help given the editors in locating and copying grave- 
stone inscriptions in Mcintosh County cemeteries. 

We are also grateful for asssitance given us by staff members 
of the following libraries: New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, Boston; Widener and Houghton Libraries, Harvard Uni- 
versity, Cambridge; Congregational Church Library, Boston. 

Several people have been most generous in sharing with us 
manuscript material in their possession concerning various Georgia 
citizens whom Reuben King met in Mcintosh County. Without 
this help identification of these people would have been far less 
complete. We are indebted to Mrs, Eugene A. Stanley, Miss 
Leonora Quarterman, Miss Lillian desVergers, all of Savannah, 
Georgia;James D. Gould, Brunswick, Georgia; Miss Mildred R. 
Gould (now deceased), Greensboro, N. C; Alfred L. Hartridge, 
Boston; Mrs. Janie Kicklighter, Mcintosh Co., Georgia; Mrs. 
Clinton Martin, Summerfield, Florida. 




THE REUBEN KING JOURNAL, 1 800-1 806 

1800 Sharon [Connecticut] 

[Thursjday February the 13 My prenticeship being out I ordered 
rum & sugar to be got for a fredom frolic but my [brotjher^ being 
dangerously sick I thought it improper [for m]e to corouse with them. 

[Friday] [14] [was] a stormy day I stayed Most of the time 

with [my] Brother went on arrants some his situation was a little 

favourable. 

[Saturday] [15] [I wa]s with my Brother most of this day and 
spent [some] time in reading. 

[Sunday] [16] [I wa]s some what fatigued by the want of [sleep] 

watching the night before was the occasion. [My] Brother at 

about 9 oclock in morning was taken more ill [and] continued to grow 
worse. 

[Tuesday] [18] [A]t twelve oclock he expired after all scilfull 
means was tried for his relief 

The funerl was appointed at 2 oclock & performed by 16 bearers 
with black crape on the left arm like the 

Monday Feby. 3 my Brother was taken sick the Doctor boarding 
in the same house the [ver)'-] best attention was paid him I did not 
know his particular situation untill Wednesday which was a rupture 
in or near the right grine [groin?] the breach being strecht [?] the 
inte[stine] had sliped through to such a quan[tity that it could] not 
be reduced his situation [became so] critical the Doctor proposed 

th[e] operation to him & his friends w[ould not] yet consent too 

Thursday the 6 he was taken with the culic [colic?] 

pa - - - — - ing the contents of his bowels [that] he consented 
to an operation wh[ich was perform] ed in the fore noon by Doctr. 

Saml. with accuracy. The bowels was found [in such a mor]tified 

state the Doctor thought it [best] not to reduce them all expecta- 
tion [s for] his recovery were lost Monday the 10 [th] in the morning 



the mortified part [gave] way & the contents of his bowels [came 
through] the breach. 

[Thursday] [20] I went to work for Hunt & Lines 

time I had lost. Brother Palmer & [came] here on a visit. Tryphena^ 

came from 

[Frijday 21 I went to Timothy's Shop with my [brothers] Hunt 
& Palmer — I received a letter from - - - dated the 20 [th] inst in 
which he informs [me he] had heard of the death of my brother. 

[Satur]day 22 Was appointed to comemorate & celebrate upo[n 
the] death- of Genl. Washington which was done [in] Salsbury, an 
oration was delivered by the Re[vnd.] Crosman.^ 

[Sunday] 23 The Revnd Mr Smith'* preached a funeral ser[mon 
on the] death of my Brother he being absent the day [of the] 
Burial. 

April 1800 Thursday 3 I made one pair of shoes at evening I 
went to Mr. Robberts with Ichabod Rogers^ 

Friday 4 I made one pair of shoes 

Saturday 5 Ichabod Rogers went home to Nobletown" 

Sunday 6 I went to meeting as useal at evening I went down to 
Mr. Braments 

Monday 7 Was town meeting throughout the state of Connecti- 
cut. Mr. Benjamin Lines went to Newmiford [New Milford] I re- 
ceived a letter from Emanuel RusseP at Woodbury. 

Tuesday 8 At evening I finished the fourth voUum of Capt. James 
Cooks voages. 

Th[ursday] 10 I made one pair Shoes. [My] deceased Brother's 
estate was inventoryed^ & prazed [appraised] [Dan]iel Gay and Abra- 
ham Beacher [Beecher] Commissioners George King Administra- 
tor. 

[Sunday] [13] was appointed a day of fast by his Excellency 
Jonathan Trumble Governor of the state of Connecticut. After 
meeting I went to the Peck house to see some of my acquaintance 
that were there at evening I went to my Brothers and staled all night 
with my Nephew George^ on purpose to go a Pegion hunting early 
the next morning. 

[Monday] [14] According to our intent went early in the morn- 
ing but had ill luck and caught no pegions. 

[Tuesday] [15] was a stormy day there was but few people at 

meeting I began a book called the Ladies & Gentlemen 

gazetteer the intent of this meeting was to get a coleague for the 

Rev. Mr. Smith Emanuel Russel came from Litchfield we lodged 
to gether at night and verbally agreed to a partnership — his appren- 
ticeship will not be out untill the 14 August next. After that time 



has expired he has agreed to go to the westward I am to write to him 
from Pittsburg. 

Wednesday i6 I made 3 shoes 

Thurs. 17 I slept with my Partner the 2 preceeding nights and 
having come to a fair understanding with each other. He left here 
for Litchfield. 

Friday 18 Major Hunt unfortunately fell from a horse & [was] 
taken up senceless and remained in [that] state one half hour he was 
some brused but no bones brok[en] 

Saturday 19 I went to Capt. Canfields settled my a[ccounts] I 
have made 37 pr. shoes 

Sunday 20 I spent most of the day in writing 

Monday 2 1 I finished cuting out all my shoes & sold leather for 

4 yds tow cloth at 34 cts per yd. I got 42 cts for making frock and 
trowers which was ma[de] of the cloth. 

Tuesday 22. I bought 2 '/z lb. flax at 12 ct pr pound. I bought a 

to put my shoes in for 37 cts. I received a letter [from] Dan Eno^^ 
at Colebrook in which he expressed [sin] cere wish for my futere 
welfare. 

Wednesday 23 I went to my Brother's he asked me if [there was 
any]thing that our deceased Brother had [that I] wanted at the price 
prazed [appraised] at I told him [I had ?] before taken monitor 
earnings 

Thursday 24 Out of Morse's geography I got [a map] and thought 
it would be best for me to go from Newyork to Pittsburg by land. 

Friday 25 I received a letter from Emanuel Russell at Bethlem 
dated the 18 Inst 

Saturday 26 I finished making my shoes 

Sunday 27 I wrote to E. Russell & promised to write to him 
betwixt here & Pittsburg 

Monday 28 I put up my shoes & what few tools I have 

Tuesday 29 I trimmed Apple trees for Major Hunt, attended the 
vandue bought a ca - - blet cloke at 5 Doll[ars] 

Wed[nesday] 30 I settled my little Debts about town 

May 1800 Thurs [day] i I left Sharon for Poughkeepsie after some 
long debates concerning my undertakeing my departure was very 
much aginst the advice of my best friends which gives me some 

disagreeable although I was steadfast in my oppor[tune u]dertak- 

ing yet I was sorry to [have it] said I rejected good advice — Thare 
was [a dis]pute about a bank bill which I had lent to Mr. Brament. 
The bill was imagined not to be a good one — 

Friday 2 Was a Spare day as the sloop did not sail untill the next 
day I went up into the town of Poughkeepsie bought some bisket — 



in my way to the Sloop I went into Saddlers shop after some descorce 
1 found his name to be Benedick Davis a notorious rascal I had often 
heard He asked me if I wanted to get work I told him know he said 
he had some work engaged more than he could do as I was naturally 
inclined to be busy I went to work at carriage harness I soon used 
up his shew thrd. [thread] as I could do no more I took supper with 
him and then went to the sloop but could not get lodgeing aboard 
I went to an inn to lodge 

Saturday 3 I assisted in loading & at half past 4 oc we started for 
Newyork the wind being against us we made but little headway 
unrill Nine when it came in our favour — 

Sunday 4 We arrived at New York about eight oc I went Church 
wrote to my Bothe[r] George^ 

Monday 5 At 9 oc. in Morning I went aboard the stage boat at 
Whitehall slip for South Amboy I arrived there at 2 oc. in afternoon 

1 went to the ferry house stayed thare untill the next morning at 
4 

Tuesday 6 I started in the stage for Borden [town] mbury took 

breakfast arrived at i oc. in afternoon went aboard the sta[ge for] 

Wedne[sday] 7 Philadelphia at 2 oc. there was little or I arrived 

at Philadelphia at 5 oc. in the mor[ning] — from Newyork to 
Philadelphia costs 3.00 c[ts] 150 cts from Newyork to South Amboy 
45 Miles [by] carriage from thare to Bordentown 40 M[iles] land 
carriage from thare to Philadelphia 30 M[iles] by water It was a 
rainy day. Fattended upon the Market wen[t] about the City &c. 

Thursde[y] 8 I got my trunk & box into James Culverson['s] 
waggon for Pittsburg at 6.00 cts pr. C wt. I had — wt. of bagage I 
forgot to mention that I bought a Scoch hone of Wm Zane 3d Noth 
Street No. 53 at 25 pr lb 

Frida[y] 9 Thare was three men hung for Piracy opisite this city 
on the Isleand. I went to the wharf & saw them Executed. 

Saturday 10 at about twelve oc. We started for Pittsburg about 

2 oc. & at night we put up at Miller's Inn 9 miles from Philadelphia. 
We proceeded on our journey as far as Downingtown 30 miles from 
Philadelphia 

Sunday 1 1 I was unwell troubled with a colic & disintery however 
we proceed on our journey traveling in this country on Sunday is 
common. I wrote Emanuel Russel from Waggontown about 4 oc in 
the afternoon the Waggoner was stoped by a justice of the Peace 
for traveling on the Sabbath day & fined 400 cts for traveling & 75 
for takeing an oath. We proceed on as far as Hamleton's tavern 19 
miles from Lancaster & 43 from Philadelphia and there put up the 
Night 



Monday 1 2 I was almost out of money I traveled before the waggon 
and tried to get work on the way but could not. I [arrived] at Lan- 
caster at 4 oc P.M. & tried to get work at [shoeijng taning & curreing 

but could not either I had not been long in this place 

before [up] came a little boy to me and begged for a pence he 

said his mother was sick & his Father had gone av/ay and left a family 
of small children I gave him a little money and bid [him] to follow 
me to the waggon (which was then standing at a little distance) 
I devided my bread & gave him the leargest piece I stayed the night 
in Lancaster. 

Tuesday 13 Was a warm day we went two miles west of 
Elis[abeth]town about 19 miles from Lancaster. 

Wedne[sday] 14 I started on before the waggon in company with 
Abraham Forst a taner by trade we came too Harrisburg about 1 1 oc 
A.M. it is a country town situated on the east bank of the Susque- 
hana I crosed this River about 2 oc P.M. went to one Baumans 
tavern 3 miles from Harrisburg I waited thare for the teem to come 
up but Abraham Forst did not after drinking one quart of milk 
together we bid other adue the teem came up at half past 7 oc. We 
stayed here all night 

Thursda[y] 15 Early in the morning I shaved and shirted me and 
started with the waggon we came too Carlisle a very pretty inland 
to\vn 120 miles from Philadelphia — we came 7 miles from there and 
stayed the following night 

Friday 16 We came to Shiperstown [Shippensburg] 21 miles dis- 
tant from Carlisle. The waggoner James Culbertson is a native of this 
place he stoped here to repair his waggon & get his horses shod. I tried 
for work but could get none 

Saturday 17 I tried to get employ but could not — we put up at 
Mr. Rohm but I got most of my board at the bakers 

Sunday 18 I went to meeting in the afternoon — I wrote to my 
Brother RoswelP at Darien [Georgia] 

Monday 19 I carried the letter to Mr. Cranes We left 

Shipperstown at 2 oc P.M. [Reached Stras]burg 10 miles from Ship- 
perstown & pu [t up for the night] 

Tuesday 20 Fifteen years ago my Mother died [I left] early in 
the morning before the waggo[n and reached] Littleton 14 miles 
from Strasburg & put up at Inn 33 miles from Bedford. 

Wednesday 2 1 About noon I crossed the River Juniata in a canoe 
feriyage 3d it is 182 miles distant from Philadelphia I went on to 
Bedford 14 miles from Juniate it is a country town the houses are 
mostly built of logs 

Thursday 22 I got work at James Williams i Yz mile from Bedford 



he told me that he did not want to employ I told my Situation that 
I must wait 2 or three day untill the waggon came up 

Friday 23 I bought a pr. of soles & soled my shoes the price 
tape 25 Ct. 

Saturday 24 I left A4r Williams & fell in company with the 
waggoner he appeared to be a man of benevlin and hospi [table] 
disposition. We put up 3 miles from the Allegany Mountain 

Sunday 25 Was a rainy day we went to the top of Alegany 
Mountain about 18 miles from bedford & put up 

Monday 26 I had not proceeded far before I meet a man on horse 
back without any Saddle I mistrused him to be a horse thief it was 
not long before I meet two men in pirsuit of him they over took 
him & brout him back to shistown [?] at the place whare I put 
up he confesed the theft & was sent to Summerset goal 

Tuesday 27 I left Shistown before the waggons & put up on 
Chesnut nigh 27 miles from Shistown & 45 from Pittsburgh 

Wednesday 28 I reached Pittsburgh & put up at Wm. Irwin a 
taner by trade 

Thursday 29 I tried to get work but found it very dificult to get 
imploy I at last got in at Frances Freers for tw^o or three day time 
untill my baggage came up — I went to the Post office to see if 
thare were any letters for me but thare was none. Thare was a letter 
for my Brother Thomas^ which had lain thare for some time — As I 
ware walking about the town I meet some men that I had got 
acquained with on my way to this Place one was Wm Makee who 
was on his way too Kentucky to a place caled Kmestone 

[Frijday 30 I saw a Connecticut man who had inlisted in the 
American Service & was stationed at this Place he knew some people 
at Sharon his name was [blank in MS] 

Saturday [31] I went over the Monongahela River to get work 
but could not get imploy — I expected the waggons but they did 
not come 

June 1800 Sunday i Was a rainy day the waggons came in before 
dark 

Monday 2 I went to the waggon & shifted my close & then went 
to Mr. Colwells a taner to get work He was indifferent a bout em- 
ploying me I told him my Situation & wished him to give me work 
accordingly he told me I might come & with him one fortinate we 
agreed upon no price I told him we should not differ about that 
He had been recommended to me to be a very good man & I put 
more confidence in him than I Should otherwise done — But I 
fortunenately got 8 Dollars offered me by Wm. Ir\vin for one Month 
I excepted the offer & immediately wrote to Mr Collwell Mr. Culbert- 



son now demanded a settlement but I was not able to pay his unjust 
demand wich was 3.50 cts his just due was 2.19 cts I borrowed 2.25 
cts of Mr. Irwin which he took after a long harrang I offered him 
shoes at an under value but he would not take any thing but the 
money I was thus completely Sold for my passage I had 3 1 cts in 
my pocket which was all the ready Money I had this I keep unbe- 
known to any body I this day put on a new pr shoes — Before I 
proceed any further I will give a small description of the country 
through which I traveled — The land between Sharon & Hudsons 
River is most excellent for Wheat — The water at Newyork is poor, 
the land between South Amboy and Bordentown is poor except a 
few miles on the bank of the Delaware which to appearance is good — 
the water at Philadelphia is bad the land from thare to Strasburg is 
level & good to appearance — From Strasburg to greensburg it is 
hilly and poor except some valleys which are tolerable good The 

Allegany Mountain is 15 miles acrost it is flat and stoney on the 

top — From Greensburg to Pitts [burgh] is 32 miles the land is hilly 
but tolerable good 

Teusday 3 I began to work for Wm Irwin 

Wedney 4 After I had done work I went to Mr. Freers to get 
my cl[othes] that were thare to be washed I got one of my shirts & 
left the rest, 

Thursde 5 At evening I went to the Garrison on my return I 
went to Mercer's Inn he told me that Mr Collwell was displeas[ed] 

Friday 6 I saw several waggons go by which I supposed were 
from New England I went at evening and made some enquirery 
but could not get information of them 

Satur[day] 7 After work I went to Mr. Freers to get the re- 
mainder of my close on my return I went to an Apothecaries Store 
and got 6 cts worth of anguintum^^ 

Sunday 8 I dressed for meeting but was informed that the[v] 
very seldom had preaching here I wrote Emanuel Russell 

Monday 9 I ground and shaved Bark 

Tuesday 10 I took out of the lime 3 hides 2 calf skins unhaired 
them and fleshed them put them in the grainer 

Wednesday 1 1 Was marketday this day and Saturday are set 
days for market 

Thursday 12 Was exceedingly hot and I believe that I hurt my 
Self by drinking cold water at evening I went to the bam to give 
the horses hay as I lifted a forkful I was caught Math the cramp 
in the Small of my back which continued to be sore & painfull 

Friday 1 3 I wrought for Mr. Davis at geting bark from the River 



Saturday 14 I shaved bark and did some small jobs about the 
house at evening I went to the river to work with John Brakin a 
young man that has engaged with Mr. Irwin for one year at 144,00 
cts he has the care of the yard. He appears to be a very clever youn 
man he tells me that he was twenty and one years old the 5th of 
May, 1800. 

Sunday 15 I went to meeting and to wards evening I walked 
about the town to see the situation. I went to the post office but it was 
not open on Sunday 

Monday 16 In the morning I was much surprised to meet Esqr 
Judson Canfield^^ at the door after the useal ceremony was past he 
told me that my relations was well at Sharon and that he was on his 
way to New Conneticut^^ I desired him to give my compliments 
to my acquainta[nces] there and to Mr. Waldo & his wife in par- 
ticular. He said he expected to return here about the 20 of July & 
if I had any thing to send to Sharon he would carry it. this good 
man who is allways ready to do good recommended me to two men 
of his acquaintance William Steel & James Dunlop both merchants in 
this place What recommend he gave me I know not but they told 
me if I wanted any assistance to call on them and they would assist 
me. 

Tuesday 17 We built a bark shed it was rainy 

Wednesday 1 8 We turned a fat of Soaleather & skins it rained some 
in the afternoon. 

Thursday 19 Mr. Duning a neighbouring blacksmith informed me 
that he has a brother on Presque Isle that carrys on the tanning 
business and that he had been much in want of a Journeyman he ex- 
pected him in this place soon 

Friday 20 I staked bark 

Saturday 21 We cleared away the tan and ross that was in the 
yard By the fall of a board I brused my heal 

Sunday 22 The soreness of my heal prevented my going to meet- 
ing at evening I went to Mr. Steele's and made an addition to our 
Small acquaintance 

Monday 23 The Country court sat in this place. I mised my ear- 
rings [earnings?] I made search for them but could not find them I 
suppose they were stold out of my pocketbook. 

Tuesday 24 I packed [?] bark and made hay 

Wednesday 25 I made hay It rained some in the afternoon 

Thursday 26 I made hay It rained some 

Friday 27 I received a letter from E. Russell dated 18 May at 
Goshen it came in the Mail. I exposed my self to the law by riding 
too fast Mr. Dunlop spoke to me and said dont ride so fast I 



afterwa[rd] informed my Self that it was 67 cts fine to ride upon 
the canter in the town 

Saturday 28 I shaved bark and went to the race ground at this 
time thare was a purse of one hundred subscribed to be run for the 
2d July It rained some in the afternoon. 

Sunday 29 I went to meeting in the afternoon I had some con- 
ference with Mr. Dunlap 

Monday 30 I shaved bark 

July Tuesday i I helped John Davason raise a currying Shop 

Wednesday 2 The races began at 3 oc Peries gray horse took a 
purse of 50 Dollars he distanced all the first heat My month was now 
out with Mr. Irwin. 

Thursday 3 I settled with him He said he expected another 
month I told him that I could not work for so low wagers — he 
then said I had imposed on him I asked him wharein I had done it — 
he said I promised to stay another month I told him I wished to 
stay but could not for so low wagers — yel yel said he thare is your 
money take your money clear yourself begone (he was now in 
pashion) "When I first came to live with him he told me he would 
keep me one month untill I could find me a place I told him that 
I must look around me & see what I could do I told him if he was 
necesiated for help I would Stay with him three or four days longer — 
I had no expectation of geting better wagers any whare else but 
was in hopes by leaving a short time he would offer me more wages 
accordingly I left him and went to Turtle Creek to see the situation 
of the country and try for work at night I returned to Mr. Irwins 
called for supper and lodgeing I now thought my Self in a bad 
Situation I was doubtful that he would not give me what he offered 
in the morning. 

Friday 4 By the help of Mr. Seman [?] Magrue I got into work 
with him again he was much offended at my leaveing him called 
me a rascal & I was no doubt slandered much by him I had no 
acquaintance to speak in my behalf I was sensible that I could say 
nothing that would merit me esteem because I was an alien in the 
place 

Saturday 5 I began this day to work with him — John Mcnight 
gave me the cuting of pr trousers Mr Mcferson made them for 50 cts 
We turned a fat of leather 

Sunday 6 I went to meeting 

Monday 7 I made hay about i mile from the town thare is con- 
siderable shewmaker near thare 

Tuesday 8 I made hay 

Wednesday 9 I made hay at evening I had a conference with Mr. 



Dunlop he told me my recommend to him was as good as any bodys 
could be as I told him that probably I should want his assistance in 
giving me advice he told me that he would assist as a Brother 

Thursday lo I made hay we had rain and thunder at evening 

Friday 1 1 I shaved some leather wrought some in the yard Put a 
new edge on my courrying knife. Thare was some rain 

Saturday 12 I broke hides we put the princepal part into the lime 
It rained some 

Sunday 13 In the morning I went to work at the hides being 
afraid of their spoiling I spent the remainder of the day in reading and 
writing 

Monday 14 I made hay it rained 

Tuesday 15 I made hay I formed some acquaintance with A4r. 
[blank in MS] a native of Connecticut 

Wednesday 16 I wrought at hay 

Thursday 17 I wrought at hay 

Friday 18 We finished hay makeing 

Saturday 19 I wrought at courrying — Esqr Canfield returned 
from New Connecticut with his Brother Harmon^^ and Bradford 
Waldo^^ they told me that the people of my acquaintance thare was 
well they put up at Mr. Sturgeon's Inn. They informed of the Death 
of Mrs. Smith^ the wife of Rev. Mr. Smith and Walter Burr^^ both 
of Sharon 

Sunday 20 In the Morning I went to the river with Mr. Waldo 
to wash I wrote to Majr Hunt by Esqr Canfield he left here for 
Sharon about 7 oc A.M. Harmon Canfield and Mr, Waldo left 
here about 10 for Ncav Connecticut Mr. Waldo insisted upon my 
comeing to see him I told him it was probable I would in the fall. 
I went to meeting thare was but one exercise it rained 

Monday 21 I wrought at courrying and put edge on by currying 
knife. Thare was three of us in the Shop When a boy came in by 
the name of Jones about twelve years old (a Son of Sheriff Jones) 
He had the boldness to take a pen knife out of my vest pocket that 
hung in the room and some small money He was detected confessed 
the theft he had hid the knife betwen two logs. 

Tuesday 22 I wrought at currying 

Wednesday 23 I oiled nine sides of bridle leather and shaved bark 

Thursday 24 I ground bark 

Friday 25 We laid away one fat of soaleather out of the handler 
No 7-32 sides Thare was a man by the name of Jonathan Church 
by the way of A4r. Dunlap he came to see me he is a tanner by trade 
he lives at Howland" in New Connecticut he was from New London 



XO 



Saturday 26 We stufed out 18 sides of shewleather and 5 keep 
[kip] skins 

Sunday 27 I went to meeting in the court house 

Monday 28 I raked and bound oats 

Tuesday 29 We hailed oats 

Wednesday 30 I hailed wood and ground bark 

Thursday 3 1 We took out of the lime 3 whole hides 1 6 sides 3 keep 
[kip] skins 31 calf skins i dog -do- 

Augst Friday i I ground bark 

Saturday 2 We turned fat of so leather No 2-40 sides and laid 
on the top 6 sides of upper leather My month was now out with 
Mr. Irwin 

Sunday 3 I went to hear the Revr. Mr. Henderson [.] Calvin 
Tobias^^ and Ichobud Atwood^^ were boath in this Place and on their 
way to New Connecticut 

Monday 4 I began another Month with Mr. Irwin 

Tuesday 5 I wrought at courreing 

Wednesday 6 I wrought the hides and skins that ware in the bate 

Thursday 7 I ground bark 

Friday 8 I worked the hides and skins that ware in the bate and 
put them in the bark it was late before I got them done I went 
to the river to wash returned and hung my frock and trousers on the 
fence in the yard 

Saturday 9 Early in the morning I went into the yard my trousers 
were mising I made some search for them but all to no purpose 
Part of a side of leather also was mising. I went to Mr. McClerys [?] 
and bought me a pair of trousers for one dollar. We turned fat N08 
containing 38 sides of soleather 

Sunday 10 I heard three sermons one Episcopalian one Presby- 
terian and one Roman Catholick. I forgot to mention — on Saturday 
I received a letter from Russell — also on the Night of the same day 
Mr. Hamshare had a still and worm stold Mr. Shaw also had about 
200 wt of Iron stold. On the same Night my trousers were stold Mr. 
Files [?] the shewmaker had two apprintice boys run away and stold 
some trifling articles 

Monday 1 1 I wrought at courreing 

Tuesday 12 At evening I went to Mr. Brakeneye's book store to 
buy me a gazeatteer but he had none of a late addition I bought a 
speling book for John Irwin. Previous to this even from the expira- 
tion of my apprinticeship I made a declaration in my own mind in 
case I shoul[d] be blessed with property more than enough for my 
own surport to give the sixteenth of my earnings For the Support 
of religion or to the poor or to encourage children to learn or any 

H 



public use that I should deem most proper — This to be done annually 
and a Bill of the same to be keep on the last page of my joumall 

Wednesday 13 I shaved leather in the afternoon I was troubled 
with a rheumatic pain in my back between my shoulders prior to this 
I had been troubled with a pain thare and yesterday I strained my 
self lifting at a barrel of water. 

Thursday 14 I was unable to work I took a portion of salts I pre- 
pared some rosin in whiskey for a medicine I spent most of the day 
in writing & reading 

Friday 15 I was not able to work I borrowed a book of Mr. 
[name torn off] to read and drank most of medicine 

Saturday 16 The whiskey and rosin was beneficial no doubt. I 
felt some better but thought it imprudent to go to work 

Sunday 17 In the morning I took a portion of salts and they had 
the desired effect 

Monday 18 I was able to go to work we turned one fat of leather 
No 1 1 Mr. Alcorn tole me of a Medicine that would cure (He said) 
any strain or rhemuatic complaint Which was this take ears of com 
suitable to roast boil them propper for to eat take the liquor when 
hot and bath % of an our as hot as can be indured 

Tuesday 19 I worked at cureing I put confidence in John Braken 
as a friend I spoke my mind freely to him and gave him the liberty 
to make any inquiries into my business with as much fredom as he 
pleased he told me that he would assist me as far as was in his power 
to do He said thare was a man up the Monongahale about 30 miles 
from this place by the name of Coldwell a Tanner and Saddler by 
trade and had a distillery also he said he would try to get me a job 
in thare the proceeding Winter 

Wednesday 20 I wrought at curreing 

Thursday 21 I wrought at curreing 

Friday 22 Thare is a man now to work for Mr. Irwin at shew- 
making by the name of Carmel from near Meadville he told me that 
thare was was a probability of my geting work thare and that he 
thought my shoes would sell well thare for hides He informed me 
of Philoman Beacher^" said that he had got in to office at Meadville 
and that he expected he would be at Pittsburgh the next court 

Saturday 23 I hailed Yi tun hay for Mr. Brakenredge 

Sunday 24 I went to meeting 

Monday 25 I worked upon the road Jacob Nigly was supervizer 

Tuesday 16 I put in shiff [?] 18 sides of shewleather and 3 kip 
skins 

Wednesday 27 We turned a fat of soleather No 4 Containing 52 
sides 

12 



Thursday 28 We hailed a way tan Mr. Braken was unable to work 
by haveing a ringworm on his arm. William Irwin hired a man by 
the name of Joseph Harrisson for 9 dollars per month 

[Friday] 29 I ground bark 

Saturday 30 I received a letter from my Brother George King 

Sunday 3 1 I wrote two letters one to Brother George the other to 
Roswell 

September 1800 Monday i We turned fat No 3 - 2d laing [laying?] 
took out of the lime 23 hides and 9 Calves skins 

Tuesday 2 I unhaired the above mentioned hides Mrs. Irwin was 
put to bed with a boy 

Wednesday 3 I fleshed them 

Thursday 4 We put them in the bate 

Friday 5 We laid away out of the handler into fat No 6-16 sides 
5 hides 4 kip skins 5 calves skins i Hog skin. My month was now out 
with Irwin. 

Saturday 6 I was waiting to git my wagers I walked about the 
town some but did no work of any consequence 

Sunday 7 I went to church I wrote to Russell 

Monday 8 I formed some little acquaintance with Mr Willm. 
Cowin a Saddler he works with Mr. Siscle [ ? ] 

Tuesday 9 I received my wagers which a mounted to 16 Dollars 
I prepared my self to depart from Pittsburgh and left the care of my 
things to John Bracken I left a box of shoes containing 35 pair one 
dollar to pay the postage of letters and the key of my trunk 

Wednesday 10 I left Pittsburgh early in the morning in company 
with Simion Brown from Readstone and Mr. Hope of Meadvill I 
had some expectation to get work at Robert Read^^ 48 miles from 
Pittsburgh on the Franklin road I had a letter for him from his 
brother John Read. When we had proceeded about ten miles we met 
Robert Reed I gave him the letter in it was something wrote con- 
cerning me I soon agreed with him for one Month for ten dollars 
we parted and I proceeded on with my company we killed several 
blak snakes and heard the howling of wolves we traveled 23 miles 
and put up at Boges Inn near brake neck creek 

Thursday 1 1 My companions feet had become very sore we started 
early and traveled on slow we had the curiosity to kill a rattle snake 
We arived at Robert Reeds about 7 oc. in the evening 

Friday 12 I have been much troubled with the colic and disentery 
the night and day past My companions left me here and proceeded 
on to Meadvill. They wanted me to call and see them if ever I came 
to that Place. I began to work for Mr. Reed he returned home from 
Pittsburgh at evening 

13 



Saturday 1 3 I felt unwell but I keep at work we made a pinblock 
and did some small jobs about the house. Before I proceed any 
further I will give a small descrition of the country. Pittsburgh is 
situated at the head of the Ohio river and between Alonongahcla and 
Alagany rivers it contains about 200 houses mostly brick it is a place 
of considerable trade the inhabitants are mostly Irish The country 
through which I traveled the first day is much broken with hills 
the next day we found the land more level and tolerable good to 
appearance 

Sunday 14 My disorder became quite allarming I getherd some 
Winter green or mountain tea called I eat considerable of it 

Monday 15 My di[s] order began to abate I wrought at curring 

Tuesday 1 6 I was quite releived and wrought at curreing 

Wednesday 17 I wrought at curreing 

Thursday 1 8 I wrought at curreing 

Friday 19 I wrought at curreing 

Saturday 20 I wrought at curreing I was taken with sore eyes 

Sunday 2 1 My eyes pained I had a pain in my head also 

Monday 22 My eyes grew worse I wrought at curreing we turned 
a fat of leather No. 4 

Tuesday 23 I was unable to work my [eyes] was exceeding sore 
and painful 

Wednesday 24 I shaved bark 

Thursday 25 I wrought at courreing. we took out of the lime 14 
sides and 4 skins 

Friday 26 I unhaired hides 

Saturday 27 I fleshed hides. Mr. Reeds family were inoculated for 
the Small pox 

Sunday 28 I Spent most of the day in reading 

Monday 29 I Shaved bark We turned fat No. 3 containing 55 
Sides 

Tuesday 30 I ground bark 

October Wednesday i We turned fat No 2 containing 46 sides of 
Soleather 

Thursday 2 We turned fat No i containing 48 Sides of Soleather 

Friday 3 I shaved wet leather 

Saturday 4 I shaved wet leather 

Sunday 5 It rained exceeding hard all day 

Monday 6 I shaved bark in the Night I was taken with a violent 
turn of the colic I got some relief by drinking Whiskey and black 
pepper 

Tuesday 7 I was unable to work but little 

Wednesday 8 I Shaved leather 

14 



Thursday 9 I Shaved leather 

Friday 10 I ground bark 

Saturday 1 1 We turned fat No. 4 Containing mostly upper leather 
the 2d laing 

Sunday 1 2 I went to meeting It is Seldom that we have preaching 
here Mr. Boyd^^ delivered too Sermons at Mr. Hertleys there was a 
contribution for him I bestoed 12^4 cts. 

Monday 13 I Shaved leather I received a letter from E. Russell 

Tuesday 14 Was held as general election Albert Gallatine^^ was 
run for Congress and got all the votes at this place 

Wednesday 15 My Month is this day out with Mr. Reed 

Thursday 16 I began another month with Mr. Reed we have 
agreed for ten Dollars pr month 

Friday 1 7 I wrought at courreing I sent a letter to John Braken 

Saturday 18 I Shaved bark. Robert Camron was here on his way 
to Meadville from Pittsburgh 

[Part of page missing from Sunday, 19 October - Monday, 27 
October 1800I 

Tuesday 28 I wrought at courreing at evening we went a hunting 
but cought nothing 

Wednesday 29 I wrought at curreing 

Thursday 30 I wrought at curreing 

Friday 3 1 I wrought at curreing and took 4 hides and 4 Skins out 
of the lime 

November Saturday i 1 wrought at curreing and unhaired the hides 

Sunday 2 I spent most of the day reading and writing 

Monday 3 Matthias Hollenbeck returned from Pittsburgh but did 
not bring my Shoes or boot legs only my coat & pair of Stockings. I 
wrought at courreing 

Tuesday 4 I curried 

Wednesday 5 I curried 

Thursday 6 I curried 

Friday 7 I curried 

Saturday 8 I curried and grained the hides 

Sunday 9 I Spent some part of the day in reading 

Monday 10 I curried 

Tuesday 1 1 I curried 

Wednesday 1 2 I put the hides in the bark 

Thursday 13 I curried 

Friday 14 The Snow fell about 2 inches deep but melted a way 

Saturday 1 5 In the morning the snow was the same depth but soon 
melted away. I began another month with Mr. Reed 



15 



Sunda i6 In the morning the ground was covered thinly with 
snow but the storm turned a smoky rain and forebode warm weather 

Monda 17 Thare was much thunder and havy rain. Col. Reed had 
his Settlement Surveyed. I made me a pair of mogisins [moccasins] 

Tuesday 1 8 I took out of the lime 5 hides 2 horses hides 1 kip sldn 
and 5 calves skins 

Wedne 19 Was very cool the hides froze upon the beam 

Thursday 20 Was more cool I Shaved bark 

Friday 21 I curried 

Saturday 22 It began to Snow 

Sunday 23 It Snowed 

Monday 24 I Sent an order to Pittsburgh for my shews boot legs 
great coat and mittins. It Snowed 

Tuesday 25 In the morning I went a fox hunting but cought none 
It snowed 

Wednesday 26 Was warm foggy and smoky I worked in the yard 

Thursday 27 I fleshed the hides at evening the snow was mostly 
gone 

Friday 28 We turned fat No. i containing 41 sides of soleather 
At evening soled my shoes 

Saturday 29 I grained the hides in the afternoon it hailed and the 
wind blew hard 

Sunday 30 I Spent the day much as yousal in this place The fall 
months are now over the weather has been more temporate than 
common consederable smoky weather 

December Mon. i Was a pleasant day I put the hides in the bark 

Tuesday 2 I worked green hides 

Wednesday 3 I packed the beef 

Thursday 4 I mended the dam and shaved bark 

Friday 5 In the morning Mr. Reed and I went afox hunting. I 
ground bark 

Saturday 6 I left here for Pittsburgh on business for Col. Reed and 
had Wm. Megrues company we went to Moses Bolton [?] an ac- 
quaintance of Megrues and stayed that night 

Sunda 7 We arrived at Pittsburgh about sun set and put up at 
John Reeds Inn I immediately went to Wm. Irvins where I found 
my old acquaintance John Braken & Robert Camron I received 4 
letters one from each of my Brothers and one from Russell I went 
to the Jail and found a man thare by the Name of Smith Reynolds 
he says he was formerly from Sharon and that his Parents live thare 
now he was put in goal for Robing a boat of about 200 Dollars 
his trial most likely will be next June. I saw Bradford Waldo and 



16 



Eleazer Gilson^* the latter told me that he had lost his older Daughter 
by death 7 days ago. 

Monda 8 I missed 5 pr of Shoes which I had left with John 
Braken for sale I took the remainder of them away 

Tuesda 9 Early in the morning I left Pittsburgh and took my 
shoes and boot legs I reached Boweres [?] Inn that day 29 miles from 
Pittsburgh 

Wedns 10 I arrived at Coin. Reeds at about 2 in the afternoon 

Thursde 1 1 I wrought at curreing it rained 

Frida 1 2 I wrought at curreing it Snowed 

Saturde 1 3 About 11 A.M. I left here for oil Creek after Seneca Oil 
I reached Franklin at 7 oc in the evening it snowed the whole day 

Sunda 14 I did my business at Franklin 8 miles this side of oil 
Creek and returned in company with Aln. Small I got 3 54 gallon of 
Seneca oil from Mr. Hulins. The snow was about i foot deep 

Monday 15 I went a hunting and cought a black fox My month 
was now out Mr. Reed could not pay me my wagers as he promised 

Tuesday 16 I did not agree for any longer time I thought it not 
best untill I got my wagers I still continued work I wrought at 
curreing My face began to swell which caused my teeth to ake 

Wedna 17 I Shaved and ground 

Thursda 18 We laid a way the handlers into fat No. 2 containing 
in all 64 Sides and Skins, at about 3 oc P.M. I left my work my face 
was much Swelled and painfull 

Frida 19 I polticed my face with wheat bran wet with vinegar 
I did no work this day 

Saturday 20 I wrought at courreing the warm weather and rain 
has melted away most of the Snow took out of the lime 13 hides i 
calf skin & i Deer skin 

Sunde 2 1 I wrote to Emanuel Russell 

Monde 22 I courried 

Tuesda 23 I was sick with the colic 

Wednes 24 I shaved the hides 

Thurs 25 Was Crismas I put in shiff [?] 9 Sides of upper Leather 

Friday 26 I was unwell with the colic I wrote to my Brother 
George 

Satur 27 I worked the hides and put them into the bark 

Sunda 28 I sent the 2 letters that I had wrote by the Post Mr. Ash 

Monde 29 I covered three fats for the winter 

Tuesday 30 I curried 

Wednes 31 I courried 

January 1801 Thursde i In the morning I went a hunting with 



17 



Coin. Reed & Frederic Peal we cought one Raccoon at evening I went 

to the frolic at Mr. AlcSparins 

Friday 2 I mended my close and made in Readiness to leave here 
Saturde 3 Coin. Reed settled with me for 3 Vz months Labour which 

amounted to 35 dollars I had now Ready money about 51 Dollars 

1 Sold him 27 pr. Shoes 2 pr. bootlegs for 2 Watches 3 Raccoons and 

2 fox skins This was an extreme cold day 

Sunda 4 I had now all things in prepariation for a departure I was 
now determined to go to my Brother in Georgia Let it be remem- 
bered that I promised to write to Robert Reed 3 years from the i of 
Janure. in 1801 

Monde 5 Accordingly I left Mr. Reed and proceeded towards 
Pittsburgh 20 miles and put up at Ambersons Inn 

Tuesde 6 I arrived at Pittsburgh very much fateauged and put up 
at Wm. Irwins Inn 

Wednesde 7 I wrote to my Brother Roswell I agreed to work for 
Wm Irwin a few days. I also received a letter 

Thursde 8 I began I shaved bark 

Frida 9 I got my trunk into Bias Hobbs Waggon bound for Bal- 
timore 

Saturda 10 I made new handlers. In the afternoon I cut & Salted 
meat 

Sunda 1 1 I spent the day in reading 

Monda 12 I Shaved bark 

Tuesday 13 We turned fat of leather No, 6 containing Soleather 
and Skins 

Wednesde 14 We turned fat No. 7 containing 32 Soleather 

Thursde 15 I fleshed hides 

Friday 16 We turned fat No. 8 containing 38 sides Soleather. I 
broke the cristal to my watch 

Saturda 17 We laid away out of the handler 44 Sides of Soleather 
into fat No. 10 

Sunda 18 I departed from Pittsburgh for Baltimore at about 10 oc 
in the morning and was accompanied by John Braken nine miles 
on horse back which he provided for me we parted after wishing 
each other health and prosperity seamingly with a tender affection 
on boath Sides. I proceeded on to Johnstons Inn i8'/4 [14'/^?] miles 
from Pittsburgh and put up for the night 

f Let it be remembered that I promised to write to John Braken 
I I year from the ist Jany A.D. 1801 

Monde 19 I fell in company with Wm Black. I traveled 24 miles 
and put up at Craigers Inn 



Tliursde 20 Traveled 30 miles and as far as Shestown put up at 
Poiesleys Inn 70 niiles from Pittsburgh 

[Wednesday] 21 We traveld a crost [across] the Allegany Moun- 
tain and as far as Bedford a county town and 100 miles from Pitts- 
burgh the day was clear from fog and Smoke I had a fine Prospect 
of the country which seemed to hills with narrow valleys. My feet 
ware very sore haveing traveld faster for several days than I should 
have done without company. 

Thursde 22 I parted with my comrade 18 miles from Bedford 
I then took the Baltimore road traveled 4 miles and put up at Beck- 
worths Inn on the East side of Sideling hill 

Fride 23 I traveld through McConleytown and Mercersburgh the 
two towns are 10 miles distant (All the country west of McConley- 
town is hilly) I put up 2 miles out of the town at Scotts Inn and 
traveled 21 miles 

Satade 24 I traveled through greencastle which is 10 miles from 
Mercersburgh and a large country town. I passed through Wanes- 
burgh a newtown and 9 miles from greencastle. I traveled 25 miles 
and then put up at Mores Inn on the top of South mountain 

Sunde 25 I traveled into Amitsburgh and went to a roman meeting 
in that place. This town is 52 miles from Baltimore. I then proceeded 
on though [through] Tawneytown the towns are 9 miles distant I 
traveled 2 1 miles and put up at Scriners Inn 

Monda 26 I traveled through Winchester which is 30 miles from 
Baltimore I traveled 24 miles and put up at Fishers Inn in Roister- 
town 17 miles from Baltimore 

Teusde 27 I arrived at Baltimore put up at David Hostaters Inn 
howard Street 

Wedny 28 I wrote to Emanuel Russell at Wilkesbarre the waggon 
arrived with my trunk 

Thury 29 I went to the harber in Search of a vesel bound to Sa- 
vanah but could find none I thought it best to get work a few days 
untill the arrival of the Savanah paket which I understood was ex- 
pected daily — Accordingly 

Frida 30 I went to work with George Hussey a quaker. I shaved 
Bark 

Saturde 31 I shaved bark 

February 1 80 1 Sunday i I went to a quaker meeting — at evening 
I went to a methodist meeting 

Monda 2 I shaved Bark 

Teusday 3 I shaved Do [ditto] 

Wednesda 4 I shaved Do 

Thursda 5 T shaved Do 

19 



Friday 6 I agreed with Capt. Martain to go to Charleston S. C. in 
Schooner Boby pr. 20 Dollars. I Shaved Bark 

Saturde 7 I Shaved Bark 

Sunday 8 I spent the day in writeing and reading 

Monday 9 I Shaved bark 

Teusday 10 I Shaved bark 

Wednes 1 1 We had a cold Storm of Snow. I Shaved bark 

Thursda 12 The Capt. expected to Set sail but was prevented by 
the bad weather. I Shaved bark 

Frida 13 I Was 22 years old. We had a severe snow Storm. I 
Shaved bark 

Saturd 14 Was extream cold weather — the harber was now froze. 
I Shaved bark 

Sunda 15 I attended the Methodist meeting 

Monda 16 Was extreame cold. I shaved bark 

Teusda 17 The weather began to moderate It began to rain in the 
afternoon. In the evening news came to town that Mr. Jeferson was 
elected president and Mr. Burr Vice president 16 Cannon were fired 
from the litehouse. I shaved bark 

Wednesda 18 Cannon were fired in all parts of the harber in 
honnor of the President Jefferson I shaved bark 

Thursde 19 I wrote to John Braken at Pittsburgh. I bought one 
of Morses Gazetteers pr 1.25 cts. I took my trunk to the Schooner at 
Smiths wharf 

Frida 20 I left Mr. George Husseys he gave me 3.00 cts for what 
work I [didl for him. I lived with Mr. Hussey upon these conditions — 
to stay with him as long or as Short a time as I pleased with out any 
charge on either Side 

Saturday 21 I bought of Hussey & Fisher 6 pr. half bootleg price 
80 cents pr pair. At 4 oc in afternoon they ware ready to sail but 
thought it best to lie too untill morning 

Sunda 22 We had a head wind and lay too untill evening and they 
towed over too the pint and cast anker 

Monda 23 We lay too had a head wind 

Teusda 24 At 12 oc We left the harber haveing 5 passingers on 
board we Sailed to the had [head] of the bay and cast anker in three 
fathom water at about 4 o.c. P.M. 

Wednsde 2 5 We had a head wind and made but Slow way at about 
10 o.c. A.A4. we ran a ground but fortunenately at lower water. We 
cast anker at about Midnight 6 miles below Anopalis and 36 from 
Baltimore 

Thursda 26 We had a strong head at S. S. W. 

Frida 27 We had a light breaze in our favour 

20 



Satur 28 The Same wind continued. At 8 o.c, in the evening we 
was East of Cape Henery lite house 

March Sunday i We had a head wind I was a Uttle Sea Sick 

Monda 2 I was very sick we had a strong head wind 

Teusda 3 In the morning at a bout i o.c. the wind shifted into 
the N. W. and by observation at 12 o.c. we ware East of Cape 
Hatteres 

Wednsd 4 Thomas Jefferson came in to command the united 
States as President. By observation at 12 o.c. we were in lattitude 33" 
39' noth 

Thursde 5 We had a Strong wind from S.E. we lay too 24 hours 
I was very Sea Sick 

Friday 6 By observation we ware 10 miles South [North?] of 
Charleston 

Saturde 7 We arrived at Charleston half after 1 2 o.c. I immediately 
went in Search for a vessel that was going [to] Savanah and found 
one that was going to Sail the next morning — Sloop President of 
Newbedford Capt Peckham master pr [price?] for pasage 400 cts 
and 30 cts pr. day for board. I Settled with Capt Martin took my 
trunk put it on board the Sloop. 

Sunday 8 At about nine o.c. we made Sail but before we got out 
of the harber the wind turned in to the S. E. and we came back and 
ankered in the harber again 

Monda 9 W^e had a head or South wind. I traveld about the town 
and got Some washing done 

Teusday 10 I wrote to Br Thomas at Darien [Georgia] the wind 
blew Strong from the S. E. I began to board with Capt. Wm Peckham 

Wednesda 1 1 I traveled about the City 

Thursde 12 This day was celebrated by the gentlemen of this 
town in honor to the President and vice President of the U. S. A. 

Friday 1 3 Most of the day I stayed on board 

Saturda 14 The sun was eclipsed at 36 m. past 10 O. C. A.M. it 
made but little alteration on the weather it is very Smoky and has 
been for many days past 

Sunday 15 The wind shifted into the East 

Mon. 16 The wind was N. E. we wayed anker at 8 o. c. in the 
morning and beat out of the harber and crossed Charleston bar at 10 
o. c. and ankered in Savanah river the litehouse bearing South at 
Eleven in the evening 

Teusda 17 Which is St. Partericks day. We made Sail at about 
Sun rise and ankered before Savanah town at 10 o. c. in A.M. I 
went on Shore made enquiries for Richard F. Williams-^ was informed 
that he was in the West Indies I went to his Brothers Thomas Wil- 

21 



Hams he invited me to dine with him wich I did he informed that 
one of Coin. Bissels sons (of Connecticut) had been in Savanah but 
could not learn which of them it was but suppose it to be Oliver-'^ 

VVednesda i8 I settled with Capt. Wm. Peckham his bill was 6 
Dollars. I had found a vessel that was going to Darien — the Sloop 
three Sisters of Brunswick Capt John O'Brien. I took tea with Mr. 
WiUiams, and then went on board. It was high water at about 
midnight we left Savannah at that time there was 14 pasengers on 
board we went the inland passage 

Thursde 19 The wind blew from the West we got along mostly 
by tide at low water I went on shore 

Frida 20 The wind blew from the Same quarter and we proceed 
on Slowly with the tide at low water I went on Shore got plenty 
of oysters 

Saturd 21 I [Our] Captain was taken Sick with the flux and 
haveing but one hand to help him I assisted him my Self I went to 
Jones plantation whare was to be dilivered 170 Bushels of corn 

Sund 22 They came with thare boat for the corn and took a way 
90 bushels I went with his servent after water to Mr. Walbrooks 
[Waldburg's?] plantation I bought 3 doz eggs 12V2 cents pr dozen 
and one quart rice at iiYz cents. This evening was litening thunder 
and rain 

Monde 23 I came with thare boat and took 40 bushels corn 
the Captn. waited for them to come for the remainder of the corn 
several hours but they did not come he took the advantage of the 
tide and made Sail at about 3 o. c. p. m, and got into St. Catherines 
Sound before dark the wind blew from W. N. W. very hard we had 
the misfortune to Spring the mast the Wather teakle [tackle] gave 
way but we made it fast with out much dificulty 

Teusde 24 We came through Moll Clarks river and came into 
Sapelo Sound at about sun set 

Wedne 25 We stopt at Sapelo pint and landed some passengers 
by the name of Buffee 

Thursde 26 We went up Sapelo river as far as Surtherlands 
[Sutherlands] bluff thare is but one house and store here 

Fride 27 I went on Shore in Order to go by land to Darien at 
night I s[t]ayed at the above mentioned house Mr. Deloneys^'^ 

Saturd 28 In the morning his negro ferry ed me over the river 
after I had crossed this river I was 12 miles from Darien I got dinner 
at Mr. Phebeans [Fabian's] and arrive at Darien about 4 o. c. P.M. 
and found my Brothers family-^ all well him self excepted Darien is a 
Small town pleasantly situated on the east bank of the Altamaha 

22 



j^jygj.29 J 5 niiles from the mouth thare is three stores keep here and 
about eight dwelling houses 

Sunda 29 I wrote to my Brother at Sharon. Thare is no place for 
public worship in this place. I went after honey 

Monday 30 By the appearance of the trees I Judged it to be the 
time to peal bark I tryed several trees but it did not peal — in the 
afternoon I walked over to Mr. Bayleys Br. Roswell went to court 

Teusday 31 Brother raised him a boat house 

April Wednesday i I went to doboy [Doboy Island or Sound] 
for Austers [oysters] 

Thursday 2 We intended to go up the river after bark but the 
weather fore bode rain and we did not go 

Friday 3 We went up the river 5 in number we arrived at 
Barrington^^ a little after dark which is 20 miles from Darien — thare 
was formerly a garrison kept here but at present there is but one 
dwelling house and store here and a ferry keep 

April 1 80 1 Saturday 4 We had a heavy Shour of rain we reached 
an old clearing three miles from the narrows and enkampted for 
the night 

Sunday 5 We went up to the narrows which is 40 miles from 
Darien we did all our business thare and returned to Barrington 

Mond 6 My brother bought a Steer of A4r. Harper butchered 
it thare and left Barrington at about 5 o. c. P.M. and came down 
to Mr. Linders which is 1 1 miles from Darien and stayed thare all 
night 

Teusday— We arrived at Darien before Breakfast and after breakfast 
I went to pealing bark we cut and pealed 17 trees 

Wednesd 8 We cut and pealed 20 trees 

Thursday 9 We cut and pealed 22 trees 

Friday 10 We cut and pealed 12 trees 

Saturda 11 We cut and pealed 10 trees. Mr. Gibbs' es Negro man 
was drowned at Morrissons Wharf 

Sunda 1 2 Was rainy 

Monday 13 We pulled the flat in peaces Mr. Clark & Stephen 
helped 

Teusday 14 I went up the river with Mr Clark Job & Ephraim 
Drigers & Stephen to peal bark we stoped about Vi mile below Mv 
Linders cut down and pealed 8 trees we then left thare went about 
one mile above Mr Linders cut down and pealed 3 trees pitched 
the tent encamppt for the night 

Wedny 15 We cut & pealed 19 trees 

Thursd 16 We cut & pealed 16 trees this day at noon Job Drigers 
left off work on the account of a sore leg 

23 



Frida 17 We cut and pealed 4 trees it rained we returned to 
Darien 

Saturd 18 I made a vice bench I got some timber to make 
utensils about the tan yard 

Sunday 1 9 My Brother thought it proper to conclude in the manner 
we should proceed in the taning business but post poned it for further 
consideration 

Monda 20 I piled bark & in the afternoon Mr Clark helped me 

Teusda 21 We finished pileing the oak bark and pealed six trees 

Wednes 22 We went up the river about 2 miles 4 of us in number 
to git a boat hull wefell a tree a bout 6 in diamiter thare was an 
old Bear and 2 young ones at the time the tree fell we cought the 
young ones. I wrought for my Brother 

Thurs 23 I wrought for my Brother at the boat. I planted mul- 
berys 

Friday 24 I wrought for my Brother at the boat 

Saturda 25 I wrought for my Brother at the boat 

Sunday 26 I wrote to Majr. Hunt 

Monday 27 I went up the river after the boat and brought it down 

Teusda 28 We went up the river with Mr. Clark and Stephen 
to pile bark between Mr Linders and Clarks bluff 

Wedny 29 We pileed bark Thomas left here for St. Marys 
[Georgia] 

Thursd 30 We finished pileing at this place pealed 6 trees and 
then went up the river about one mile and pitched our tent 
May Friday i The bark at this place did not peal and we concluded 
to go home we Stoped below A'lr Linders piled what bark thare was 
and returned to Darien but did not cover it 

Saturde 2 In the forenoon we finished pileing bark about Darien 
which consisted of 1 8 heaps 3 up at Cathead and 1 1 below the town 
of oak and 4 of bay in all computed to be 10 cords. Thare is 8 piles 
of bark above A4r Linders and two piles below reckened to contain 
in all 1 1 I /2 I planted 6 rows of mulburys my Brother went a fishing 

Sunday 3 I went to Capt Fultons by water Mrs King and children 
went after mulburys we got a plenty of boath sorts and gethered 
Some to plant 

Monda 4 I planted 8 rows of White mulbery and 4 of black 
I have now planted 24 rows and 20 of them is white I put the first 
hide into bark 

Teusday 5 I wrought some at the boat for my brother and cut 
away bushes for the cow pen but made no charge of it 

Wedne 6 I wrought for my Brother at the boat. Mr. McDonald 
brought a hide 

24 



Thursde 7 I wrought for my Brother at the boat 

Friday 8 I went a fishing in the salt water but cought no fish 

Saturd 9 I went down the river after rangeing timber 

Sunday 10 I went up to Capt Fultons after mulburys by land 

Monday 1 1 I went over to Broughton Isleand to Capt Phebeans 
plantation after rice 

Teusda 12 I went up the river after timber for the tan house we 
went up Lewises Creek cut some hollow trees for tan flats and then 
went up to Clarks bluf piled 6 trees of bark and encampted for the 
night 

Wednesday 13 We went up to Mr Collins'^ whare we got our 
timber and began to hew 

Thursday 14 We began to git the sils which are 40 by 25 

Friday 15 We hewed timber 

Saturday 16 We hewed timber I planted Some Mulburys in Mr. 
Collins garding 

Sunday 17 We went a fishing 

Monday 18 We hewed timber 

Teusday 19 We finished hewing our timber and hailed Some of 
it to the river Mr Powel helped us 

Wednesday 20 We finished hailing 

Thursday 21 We rafted our timber and came down as far as 
Barrington 

Friday 22 We left Barinton [Barrington] at day break - we got 
a ground at about 12 o. c. i mile above Mr Linders and had to wait 
for the flood tide we came down in the night with the ebb within 
about 4 miles of Darien 

Saturday 23 In the morning we got our raft fas [fast] to a limb 
about I 1/2 mile from Darien we left it and came home, in the after- 
noon I went over to Newhope [plantation] in Mr. Cranes flatt 

Sunday 24 I went a fishing down to Little St. Simons [Island] 
we caught 2 drum fish the largest waid 39 lb 

Monday 25 We got the raft home My Brother began to make 
brick Mr. Brantly brought me a hide to tan it had been limed 

Teusday 26 I put the hide into bark it was alittle tainted Mr 
Brantly brought a barrell to put it in 

Wednes 27 I helped my brother make brick it rained some in the 
afternoon I bought me a knife at Mr Morrises price 3 1 Cents 

Thursday 28 I went to St. Simons Iseland with Saml. Wilkins 

Friday 29 I laid away my first hide and helpe[d] my Brother 
make brick 

Saturday 30 I helped my Brother make brick Robert Clark struck 
2000 



25 



Sunday 3 1 I had the curosity to eat of cucumbers 

June 1 80 1 Monday i 1 helped my Brother make brick 

Teusday 2 I helped my Brother make brick in the fore noon in the 
afternoon we went and cut rafters for the tan house 

Wednes 3 Mr Clark and Stephen went to help Mr Thornton get 
Cedar timber they returned without doing any thing 

Thursday 4 I left here for Doboy [Island] in the sloop Friendsliip 
Capt Randolph we went about 3 miles and got a ground 

Friday 5 We arrived at Doboy about 2 o. c. in the afternoon it is 
8 miles from Darien 

Saturda 6 We began [to] load the vesel with lime It was exceeding 
hot I was now to work for Mr Thornton 

Sunday 7 We re turned home I was much fatigue with yesterdays 
labour and rested myself most of the day upon the bed 

Monda 8 We left Darien up the river after boat hulls 4 of us 
in number my Brother Mr Clarck my self & Stephen we stayed 
all Night oppesite Clark's bluff upon the sand beach three miles 
below Barrinton 

Teuda 9 We Stoped at Barrington and at Sansaville we went up 
Finholaway Creek as far as Mr Mondays Stayed thare all Night 

Wedne 10 We went up Creeck as far as dead river went up that 
as far as George Johnsons whare John Hendrakes was to work 
built us a camp made preparation to go to work the next day at 
Connoes [canoes] 

Thursda 1 1 We began to work at Connoes 

Frida 12 Mr Deane one of Mr Hendrakes [men] was sick we 
turned over the Connoe called the snake in the morning to mould it 

Saturda 13 We turned over the poUy to mould and did con- 
siderable at it 

Sunday 14 I stayed in the tent most of the day being some what 
fatteagued by the last weeks work 

Monday 15 In the morning we turned over the big Connoe 
moulded it put the gage pins in to it and the polly 

Teusde 16 We almost finished howeling them boath out 

Wedne 17 I haweled on a little Connoe No i 

Thurs 18 I howeled on a little connoe No 2 much the same Size 

Friday 19 We howeled hull No i 

Saturd 20 We moulded hull No 2 Mr Obry [O'Berry] left my 
Brother after labring for him nine days 

Sunda 21 My Brother and I went a fishing and cought a few fish 

Monday 22 We howeled out hull No. 2 I did most of it my Self 

Teusday 23 We went over the river to work and left hull No. 3 
partly ruff dug 

26 



Wednes 24 I hoed com for Mr Johnson thare was a fine shower 
in the afternoon which revived every thing much it has for a long 
time past been exceeding dry 

Thursd 25 We worked on hull No. 4 over the river it rained a 
Shower 

Friday 26 We ruff dug it rained Some 

Saturda 27 We ruff dug No. 3 in the mean time they have an 
other hull began over the river No. 5 

Sunday 28 I went up to Mr. Philps three miles from whare I was 
at at work got plenty of water melon from the genourous old man 
Mr Hendrakes and Clark went down to the ellection which was 
to be at Mr. Collinses 

Monda 29 Was ellection and Abraham PoweF^ was ellected Capt. 
of the Militia My Brother began a small Connoe for himself I was 
taken with a disiness but not so as to leave my work 

Teusda 30 In the morning I felt tolarable well but when the 
sun got up to Shine hot it brot on a head ach I continued to work 
untill about 4 o. c. P. M. and quit 

July [1801I Wednes i My Brother advised [me] not to labour 
I lay by most of the day towards evening I did a little 

Thursda 2 In the morning I worked untill about nine o, c. and 
left off did no more the remainder of the day Mr. Hendrakes and 
Clark returned after haveing a high frolic Clark turned over the 
connoe lost 2 bushels of corn and a gug of rum and Sundry other 
articles I had a hot fever in the evening 

Frida 3 My Brother got his connoe in to the water and made 
preparation to go home the next day 

Saturda 4 Was the dfay] of independence We Started early in 
the morning for Darien went to Mr Copelands I was very much over 
come with the heat when I got thare I rested my Self an hour or so 
and we Started and came down to Barrington we stoped thare a 
short time and then started for home we was over taken by a 
Shower and got wet we came down as far as Mr Linders and Staved 
all night 

Sunday 5 In the morning got home and found all well before 
night I was taken with a fit of the ague in the evening I went to bed 
after drinking a Strong dish of Sweat wead tea I Sweat powerfully 
I received alerter from E. Russell 

Monday 6 In the morning I felt weak but free from any fever 
or pain I felt tolarable all day 

Teusday 7 My Brother went to Saint Simons about 3 o. c. P. M, 
I was taken with afit of the agure it held me 2 hours and left me 
with Some fevor 

27 



Wednd 8 I felt my self weak and drank sage tea for constant 
drink which I have drank for several days - I wrote to my Brother 
at St Marys 

Thursda 9 About 1 2 o. c. I was taken with a fit of the ague which 
I broke by runing up and down Stairs 

Friday 10 I went out with my Brother into the woods and 
gethered some some fever and ague root - I felt more like eating this 
afternoon than I had done for Some days 

Saturday 1 1 I had a fit of the agure much lighter than any I have 
had my Brother went up the river I wrote to E Russell 

Sunday 12 I had a fit of the argure 

Monday 13 I had a fit of the ague Capt. Randolp returned from 

Savannah - The mail boat by accident did not return until 

Thomas wrote me a letter 

Teusday 14 I had a fit of the agure though a very light one 

Wedn 15 I had the agure lightly which took me about 12 o. c. 
the fever soon sot in and held me untill night 

Thursday 16 I was taken much the same way but the agure 
more violent 

Friday 17 I was taken with the agure about 12 o. c. I took some 
sulpher and rum wheather it gave me any relief or not I can not tell 

Saturday 18 Was exceeding hot and I had the severest turn of the 
fever I had ever felt 

Sunday 19 Mr McDonald and his Sister made us a visit I had 
the agure and fever but lightly - I got me Some wild cherrytree bark 
put it into water for medicine 

Monday 20 James Mulrynes^^ Servant took 10 Bushels of corn 
and left 1 5 dollars in payment pr 1 50 cts pr bushell 

Teusday 2 1 I had the agure harder than common caused I suppose 
by the days being wet and cold but the fever was lighter than 
common 

Wednesd 22 I had ague and fever much as youseal [usual] 
thinking this would never do I was determined to try some physic 

Thursday 23 Accordingly I took a portion of tartar which 
operated tolarable well 

Friday 24 I took a portion of Jallop [jalap] which operated not 
very well 

Saturda [25] I took [some] pepper pods put them in to water 
and drank the licker a ague was comeing on it seemed to Shorten 
my fever and ague 

Sunday 26 I took the same which seamed to give me an appetite 
but my agure was not lessoned 

28 



Monday 27 I drank the Same my agure and fever was lighter than 
common althoug[h] it was wet and rainy 

Teusday 28 I went a fishing and cought a fish I had my ague 
and fever on the water but it was not very Severe I continued 
drinking by peper and water 

Wednesday 29 I drank my pepper as youseal and my agure and 
fever was much the Same in the afternoon I was taken with a disiness 
in my head in the afternoon my feet sweled very much 

Thursday 30 My agure was very hard I had the Same disiness as 
the day before 

Friday 31 I had the agure very hard the fever lasted 6 or 7 ours 
but in the afternoon I felt pretty well I went after Some grapes 

August [1801] Saturday i I had the agure and fever very hard 
it come on Sun about one our high in the morning 

Sunday 2 I had the agure and fever as hard as I ever had it my 
Brother came down from up the river Abraham Powel and his came 
down with him 

Monday 3 They began [to] frame the tan house I went over to 
Butlers Isleand 

Teusday 4 My agure come on in the night and very Severe my 
appetite failed me 

Wednes 5 I had my fever as youseal but could not eat any [thing] 

Thurs 6 My appetite quite failed I could not eat any thing 

Friday 7 I was much in the Same I was more determined to take 
some physic 

Saturday 8 Accordingly I took a portion of tartar but it operated 
very bad it left a pain in my stomach. They raised the tan house 

Sunday 9 I took a large portion of Jallop which opperated five 
times 

Monday 10 I began to have an apetite and felt some Stronger - 
I went out a hunting a short time 

Teusday 11 I felt Some Stronger I took a ride in the morning 
but I felt Sleepy and Stupid all day my agure comes on early and 
earlyer it came about 8 o. c. in the evening 

Wednesd 12 I felt very weak and Sleepy I went down to Mr 
Morrises and got Some wine 

Thursda 13 I felt dull and Sleepy all day my agure come on at a 
little after Sun Set but was very light 

Friday 14 I felt much the same and sle[p] considable 

Saturday 15 My agure was very light and come on about Sun Set 
my appetite began to grow better and I felt Some Stronger 

29 



Sunday i6 I was much the Same my agure come on Some time 
before Sun Set 

Monday 17 My Brother went to work upon the roads also about 
50 Negroes I had the agure light but the fever was violent 

Teusday 18 I had agure and fever but not hard 

Wednesd 19 Mr Clark and I made prepareations to go to Doboy 

Thursday 20 About sun rise we started for Doboy we got thare 
at eleven o. c. we got some oysters made up a fire cleaned out the 
well - boath of us being weak we were over come with fatague 

Friday 2 1 We rested our Selves considerable at low water we went 
for oysters - In the afternoon we hunted for grapes but found none 

Saturday 22 We made prepareation for to leave Doboy but the 
wind blew a head and we could not 

Sunday 23 In the afternoon we left Doboy we had not proceeded 
far before the wind came a head with rain but we got to Darien 
before bed time but fatagued It was this evening that [I] heard of 
Mr Thorntons Death which Surprized me very much 

Monday 24 I returned again to Doboy with Clark and Mr. 
Littlejohn we got thare about 4 o. c. P. M. and got Some oysters 
for Supper 

Teusday 25 Before day in the morning they both went a fishing 
and cought nearly one 100 fish mostly mullet - I had not much of 
an apetite for fish 

Wednesda 26 Before day in the morning I went a fishing with 
Littlejohn we cought but few the wind blew hard - We returned 
home in the afternoon made a Sail of a blanket and come home with 
great ease 

Thursday 27 I was a little werried by fishing and rested my-self 
some upon the bed the agure and fever never left me a day while 
at Doboy 

Friday 28 My Brother mended his castnet for to go a fishing 
I felt my Self very weak 

Saturday 29 I went a fishing with Mr Webb 

Sunday 30 I thought myself weaker than I had ever been Brother 
Thomas Sent V2 Barrell flour to us the thougt of which revived me 

Monday 31 I felt my Self weak I undertook to mend my Shoes 
I mended one 

Septm [1801] Teusday i I wrote to my Br Thomas at St. marys 
I had a very high fever 

Wednes 2 Mr Jones come from Savannah - My agure about 12 
o. c. 

Thursday 3 Mr Jones began to take the amount of his goods 

30 



that are in Mr Thorntons store (who is deceased) My Br helped him 

Friday 4 I was very weak fever hard 

Satur 5 I was Some better I went into garden and down to Mr 
Jones Store felt midling well for me 

Sunday 6 I received Some bark^"* which I sent for at St. Marys 
took some of it 

Monday 7 I took it very plentyfuly had the agure fever very hard 

Teusday 8 I had no ague or fever this was the first day that I have 
escaped Since the 8th of July 

Wed. 9 I wrote Brother Thomas I had no ague or fever but felt 
very weak 

Thursday 10 I had neither ague or fever I went to Mr Morrises 
and left 2 Bridles thare for Sale 

Friday 1 1 I began to think my Self clear of the ague or fever - 
I received a letter from E. Russell 

Saturday— I wrote to E. Russell 

Sunday 1 3 I took the last of my bark of Peru - The mail boat did 
not come 

Monday 14 Mr Gilmot^^ came forward as administrator to Mr. 
Thorntons estate and took an inventory of the property - I mended 
my Shoes 
Teusday 15 I wrote to my Parents - I felt weak and low Sperited 

Wedned 16 The mail boat at lengh arrved and was detained by 
bad weather - At evening the boys took up a hive of bees I eat 
plentyfuly of the honey 

Thursday 17 I felt unwell before night I was taken with the 
disentery very violent my Brother went a fishing 

Friday 18 I kept my chamber most of the day 

Saturd 19 I began to get better of my disorder but very weak 

Sunda 20 I felt much better Mrs. Randolph^^ took the Stage for 
Savannah 

Monday 21 I had put a stop to my disorder and got to be in a 
very costive way. It was a very pleasant day 

Teusday 22 It was also pleasant - Sister [sister-in-law] had a 
quilting 

Wednesd 23 We made apian for the tanyard containing 20 vats 
for bark and four handlers. I felt a little agueish 

Thursda 24 I Spent Some part of the day in writing I took a 
walk down to Mr. Morris's 

Friday 25 I Spent most of the day in writing 

Saturday 26 I Spent most of the day reading Lord Chesterfields 
ad vice to his Son My eyes were yet weak but could read most of 

SI 



the time - Mr Paten is now very Sick he was taken Sick Monday 
last and has eate nothing Since worth notice 

Sunday 27 I Spent this day much as the day before I felt much 
better as to my health 

Monday 28 I began to do alittle work but found my Self too 
weak to do much 

Teusday 29 Was windy and chilly I felt aguriesh and Sick at my 
Stomach and pain in my head 

Wednes 30 Was a very rainy day which made me keep the 
house I spent the day in readind and writing 

Paten died about 4 o.c. P. M. 

October [1801] Thursd i Was buryed I attended the burying I 
bought one quart of wine of Morris I was unwell with the Collie - 
I sot out Some Inions [onions] for to try experiment 

Friday 2 I Spent the day reading and writing I drank my wine 
with Horseredish 

Saturd 3 I felt better than any day and exersise more 

Sunda 4 I felt a little down by yesterdays fatigue but Spent 
the day in walks and reading 

Monday 5 My Brother went to the General Election at Newport 
The gentlemen Elected for the house of esembly were [left blank] 

Teusday 6 I went a hunting with Clark 

Wednes 7 I went to Doboy for oysters - Robert Clark took his 
trunk and went to St. Simons 

Thursd 8 I traveled the woods after nuts - We had oysters for 
dinner Mr Rosseter^'^ dined with us 

Friday 9 I Spent the day mostly in the woods 

Saturday 10 In the fore part of the [day] it was rainy in the 
afternoon I went after nuts 

Sunday 1 1 Mr Rossetter went to Savannah I Spent most of the 
day in readind Gouldsmiths Animated Nature 

Monday 12 I gerthered about 8 quarts of murtle berrys 

Teusday 1 3 I helped my Brother underpin his house - It was very 
warm and not being used to [it] I was taken with the headach in 
the afternoon and a fever accompaned all night 

Wednes 14 I felt very Sore and had a fever in the evening 

Thursday 15 My fever was more violent than it had been the 
proceeding days 

Friday 16 I felt myself some better I exercised considerably 

Saturd 17 I went to the Isleand of St Simons with the Bucher 

Sunda 18 I helped him Sell his beef - In the afternoon I went to 
Mr Harrises and got Some Oranges 

32 



Monda 19 I hired a horse and went to Major Buttlers^^ Tan 
yard - Mr Holstine oversees the business 

Teusday 20 We left Old town^^ in the morning as Soon as day 
lite the wind blew hard a head which prevented us from Saveing 
the tide we came as far as Buttlers Isleand and waited for the next 
flood tide and arirved at Darien in the evening 

Wednes 21 I went into the woods after Cattle went up as far as 
Mr Harpers he unhappyly lost a child about 3 years of age the 
same day We returned as far as Mr Walkers and Stayed all night 

Thursd 22 We hunted for Cattle all day and found but one that 
we wanted drove it down to Angris [Angus] Mc Donalds and Stayed 
all night 

Friday 23 Early in the morning it began to rain we Started the 
steer for Darien he run in to the Swamp and got away from us We 
went to Norman McDonalds^*^ Stayed the remainder of the day and 
night 

Saturd 24 It continued raining we left thare early in the morning 
for Darien without any Cattle 

Sunda 25 The rain continued I spent the day in Readin 

Monday 26 It rained Most of the day powerfully at evening we 
had the appearance of fair weather 

Teusday 27 The rain continued 

Wedne 28 Early in the morning I took a cold hearth or a bucket 
of cold water poured on my head Some rain fell but not in so 
great abundance as in the proceeding days 

Thursd 29 The Moon quartered and the weather changed and 
became pleasant - I helped my Brother build [a] chimny 

Frid 30 I went with Mr Persons to hunt Cattle 

Saturday 31 I gerthered some Myrtle burys 

Novm [1801] Sunday i Mr. Friss [Frist?] returned from St Marys 
with the mail Sick with the yelow fever he died in a bout 12 hours 
after he arrived The mail brought news that my Brother was Sick 
at that place 

Monday 2 I went to Sapelo main or Brora [Broro or Bruro] Neck 
I stayed at Esqr. Deloneys at Night 

Teusda 3 I returned home Stoped at Norman McDonalds and 
got Dinner 

Wedns i I suned my hides my Bother return [ed] from up the river 
with Shingles 

Thurs 5 We framed the rafters to the tan house 

Friday 6 We shaved Clabboards and Shingles 

Saturd 7 I suned 20 hides that we bought of Mr Swiley 

33 



Sunda 8 John Bell moved into Darien with his family 

Monday 9 I went up the river with my Brother to clear a fishing 
place about 8 miles from Darien 

Teusd 10 It rained We did but little 

Wedne 1 1 Mr Linder and his Negro helped us 

Thurs 12 We quit work and returned to Darien 

Friday 13 We worked at the tan house puting on laths 

Satur 14 We finished puting the laths 

Sunda 15 I read Goldsmiths animated 

Mon 16 We be gan to Shingle the tanhouse 

Teusd 17 We finished Shingleing it 

Wed 18 I bought i pr. shores of Mr Rosseter they were charged 
to my Brother pr 1.12 cts 

Tliurs 19 I went up the river with my Brother as far as Ezekel 
Cogburns'*^ to Survey land 

Fride 20 In the fore noon we went over the river to find Some 
old lines - we returned I helped Carry the Qiain on the line between 
Cogbum & Winwood Mclntoshes^^ tracts 

Saturde 21 I dug potatoes for Mr Cogbum 

Sunday 22 I Spent the day in reading 

Monday 23 In the forenoon I dug potatoes in the afternoon 
I helped carry the chain for Mr Ward 

Teusday 24 We left Mr Cogbum came down to Mr Collinses 
filed our boat with com and borrowed Mr Glyns boat loaded it with 
140 pumpkins towed the two boats and came down in Mr Glyns 
flat we came as far as Barington staye[d] the Night 

Wedns 25 On our way we met Henery Green with Store good - 
we camped at the fishing place 

Thursd 26 We arrived at Darien on loaded [unloaded! the corn 
and pumkins 

Frida 27 I made Some utensels for the tan yard 

Saturda 28 I also made utensels for the tanyard 

Sunda 29 I wrote to John Bracken at Pittsburgh according to 
promice - Doctr Thuston preached a Sermon 

Mon 30 Schoner Polly of Stonington Capt Stanton arrived here 
from Savanah 

Decem; [1801] Teusd i The personal estate of Elem Thornton 
was Sold at publick Oction - I went up the river to cut off alog 
for a wharf 

Wedns 2 I went into the woods to hew timber - TTie first news 
of peace in Europe^^ 

Thurs 3 I hailed timber with my brothers horse 

34 



Frida 4 Mr Crane came here to work - I Sawed Some blox to 
put under the tan house 

Saturda 5 We cleared away a place for a wharf 

Sunday 6 Doctor Thuston preached a Sermon - After meeting 
I went with the Bucher after a Steer 

Monday 7 John McMillen came here to work one month for 13 
Dollr - In the forenoon we hewed timber in the afternoon we raised 
up the tanhouse 

Teusda 8 We wedged up the house I borrowed 30 rails of my 
Brother for lay bark on my Brother went to St. Marys 

Wednes 9 We filled in and about the tan house with sand and 
made prepareations to go up the river after bark 

Thursd 10 We wheeled Sand into the tan house Stephen helped 
me in the evening we went up the river with the Flat after bark and 
got a ground on the top of high water Mr McMuUin and Stephen 
were with me 

Friday 11 In the Afternoon we got off the Flatt and carryed it 
up within one mile of Linders left it went up to Linders and stayed 
all night 

Saturda 12 We got the Flaat up to the bark cleared paths and 
made prepareations to Load it on Monday 

Sunday 13 Bought of James Holland one quarter of Venison 
in the evening I went down to Linders 

Monday 14 Mr Linder hired to me Sirus and Jemima to carry 
bark and Sold me one bushell of potatoes we loaded the flat with 
seven piles of bark the bark some of it was spoilt we left thare about 
dark at high water and came down below pine Island with the same 
tide 
Teusday 15 We got down to Darien and mostly on loaded flat 

Wednesday 16 We on loaded the flat and made prepareations to 
go again but the wind blew from the N. W. and we could not go - 
my Brother received a letter from Connecticut by which we were 
informed that E. Russell was to leave thare the 20 Novem. for 
Georgia 

Thursda 17 We left Darien about 2 O. C. in the morning with 
the flat and got up to Westly Horn and stayed thare most of the 
day waiting for the tide as soon as the tide made we went up as far 
as the bark and encampt 

Friday 18 We got in all the bark and Started for home came 
down as far as Westley-hom and waited for the tide we started 
again about 10 O. C. and came home the Same tide 

35 



Saturda 19 We got home at 4 O. C. in the mornind - on loaded 
the bark in the course of the day 

Sunday 20 I dined at Mr Brantleys - my Brother returned from 
St. marys in the mail boat 

Monda 2 1 We filled up the tan house with Sand 

Teusday 22 We wnt up the river after timber for a wharf - It 
rained in the afternoon my Brother went to Sapelo 

Wedne 23 Arrived here in the stage Emanuel Russell from Sa- 
vanah he left Connecticut the 20 Novem and left friends all well 

Thursd 24 Mr Russell and I went to Buttlers Island - Mr Allen 
Bayley Died on St. Simons 

Friday 25 Crismas a great hollowday in this Country - Mr 
Bayley was buried 

Saturd 16 I spent the day hunting 

Sunday 27 Emanuel Russell left here for Savanah in the Stage 

Monda 28 I cut logs for a wharf 

Teusday 29 Was very cool in the morning we began the wharf 

Wednesd 30 We went with the mail boat for St. Marys my 
Brothers Mr McMillen and 3 Pasingers we went as far as Fradereca 
[Frederica, St. Simons Island] and waited for the tide 

Thursd 3 1 We left thare at 5 o. c. in the morning went to Bruns- 
wick and then to the Plumborch [plum orchard] 

January 1802 Friday i We arrived at St. Marys at 10 O. C. in 
the morning We left St. Marys in the evening and came below 
St. Peter [Point] 

Saturd 2 We came to Fraderica 

Sunday 3 We arrived at Darien before 9 O. C. in the morning 

Monday 4 I mad[e] some ores for the mail boat 

Teusd 5 I made a pair of haims [hames] 

Wednes 6 I went up Cathead Creek for the flat - E Russell came 
in the Stage Mrs. Randolph also 

Thus 7 We went up the river after timber for trushoops 

Frida 8 I cut wood for a wharf 

Satur 9 I cut wood for a wharf Mr McMillin helped me 

Sunday 10 I went up to Mr Webs a hunting 

Monda 1 1 John Broker came to live with my Brother we went 
up the river after staves 

Teusday 12 We cleared out the fishing place Duett Holland 
the two Linders and thare boy Jo assisted 

Wednesday 13 We began to get Staves 

Thursd 14 We got staves and heading Linders Jo helped both 
days 

36 



Friday 1 5 We cut timber at the f ishin place for a house 

Saturd 16 We came home in the evening I went up Lewisses 
Creek after Spelerses flat 

Sunday 17 We brot it into Darien river 

Monda 18 I cut timber for a wharf Mr Brooker helped me 

Teusday 19 I got home some bark Brooker helped me 

Wednes 20 I went to St Marys 

Thursd 2 1 We got to the Plomb orched 

Friday 22 We arrived at St. Marys by 8 O. C. in the morning and 
left thare at three 

Saturda 23 We came to Gaskins [Gascoigne's] bluff before sunset 

Sunday 24 We arrived at Darien 

Monday 25 Capt. Twining had a vandue [vendue] I bought a 
Matress at 3.75 cents 

Teusday 26 I went to Hampton point on St. Simons carried Mr 
Brown 

Wednesda 27 I went to Gaskines bluff by land got 54 lb Inch 
rope returned to Hampton point and came home the night following 

Thursday 28 I went up to the fishing place with my Brother - 
Lesle Crane and Russell we hailed the sain once 

Frida 29 We hailed the sain all day and cought a few fish 
my Brother returned home 

Saturda 30 I went up to Mr Duetts [Dewitt's?] the night folowing 
I stayed at Mr Linders 

Sunday 3 1 We hailed the sain several times and cought a few fish 

February [1802] Monday i We began to clear a spot at the 
fishing place and hailed the sain a few times George Linder assisted^^ 

Teusday 2 We continued clearing and cought a few fish George 
Linder assisted 

Wednes 3 We hailed the Sain a few times and cought some fish 
in the evening James Persons^^ came from Barrington and camped 
with us all night 

Thurs 4 Mr Persons helped up hall the sain twice and cought 
one Shad Stephen went up to Mr Duetts got 13 1/2 lb of bacon 

Friday 5 We hailed the sain but cought no fish worth notice 

Saturday 6 We returned to home 

Sunday 7 I bought a pr Shoes of J. K. Holzendorph^® I went to 
Abraham Powels 

Monda 8 I went up to the fishing place Abraham Powel went 
up to mend the net We hailed the sain twice and cought a few fish 
Teusday 9 We cleared up land 

37 



Wednes lo We cleared land at evening we hailed the sain 
Mesrs Linders helped us 

Thursd 1 1 We fished all day Mesrs Linders helped us 

Frida 12 We came home 

Saturd 13 We went after the old flat Brother went [to] St. Simons 

Sunday 14 I read Goldsmiths 2 voUun 

Monday 15 I worked in the garden 

Teusday 16 We nocked the flat to peaeces 

Wednes 17 We went to the fishing place 

Thurs 18 Br Roswell and Powel came up 

Frida 19 We caught a few fish and come home 

Saturda 20 We began to make a Small flat for fishing 

Sunday 21 E Russell David Ranger and my Self went to Doboy 
for Oysters on our way the wind blew from N. W. fresh and fair 
on our way back we lost our way and went to Samuel Gayries on 
Herds Isleand We was very well entertained by Mr Gary 

Monday 22 We left Garies early in the morning intending to go 
round the Isleand by Mihall but the wind blew fresh from the N. 
we come too at the East end of the Isleand went to Mr Garies and 
stayed 

Teusday 23 In the morning about 10 O. C. we got home and 
found my Brother Thomas thare from St. Maries [Marys] the wind 
blew from the N. W. 

Wedne 24 We worked at the fishing flat 

Thursda 25 We put in the timbers and began to cork it 

Friday 26 We finished it and put it in to the water - Thomas 
started for St. Maries in Cranes boat Russell went with him the 
wind blew from the N. W. We sot out some cabbages at the S. E. 
Comer of the garden 

Saturday 27 We went up the river to fish cought 7 Shad and 
the 2[nd] hall and a nother hall a Sturgeon 

Sunday 28 We cought a few shad and a rock fish 

March [1802] Monday i Brother and Stephen went home in the 
evening Mr Powell [,] Webb^"^ and Stephen came up we fished in 
the evening but cought no Shad 

Teusday 2 We fished untill half Ebb we cought a few shad and 
Powel and Webb went home I sent 5 shad down with them 

Wednesda 3 George Linder helped us fish we hailed the sain 9 
times and cought but one shad some few rock and trout 

Thursday 4 Mr. Harden on his way to fort James^^ stopt and 
helped fish we cought some shad and other fish in the evening Mr 
Duett came up from Darien 

38 



Friday 5 In the morning we hailed the sain twice but cought no 
fish of account the remainder of the day we cleared land 

Saturday 6 We hailed the sain three times and cought 6 Shad 
We wrought at clearing untill Ebb tide and then came home - I 
received a letter from St. Maries from Russell 

Sunday 7 Capt Randolph came from Savannah Brought a box of 
saddles for Russell freight 3 Dollr 

Monday 8 We went up to the fishing place Capt Randolphs 
Romeo went with us we cought no fish worth note we cut the 
Live Oak - the wind blew from E. 

Teusday 9 We turned the sain end for end and cought a few fish 
the wind blew from N. W. 

Wednsd 10 We hailed the sain 8 times and cought 3 Shad and 
a Rock fish we came home brot home the sain and tools In the 
evening we went a fishing with the cast net We cought 79 fish 
mostly mullet 

Thursday 11 I put cloths to two Womens saddles of Russels for 
my sister in law and Miss McDonald - we hung up the sain 

Friday 12 It rained some part of the Day I planted Seeds in the 
garden at this time I was lame with the rheumatism in my right 
knee wich has been troublesome near two weeks 

Saturday 13 Miss McDonald came for her saddle left 24 Dollr 
for Russell for it - Brooker and myself went to Doboy for Oysters 
but got none the wind blew strong from N. E. it rained 

Sunday 14 We returned with out fish or Oysters Capt Randolph 
left Darien for Savannah 

Monday 15 I went up to the fishing place to peal bark John 
Brooker and Stephen went with me 

Teusday 16 We began to peal bark cut up the tree tops and 
prepare the land for fireing Joseph Brooker came 

Wednesday 17 We continued pealing and clearing Joseph Brooker 
helped us - The wind blew from the west 

Thursday 18 Joseph Brooker Stayed with us untill about 10 O. C. 
in the morning John Brooker Stayed untill evening and then [went] 
to Darien we pealed bark and cleared as the days before 

Friday 19 We pealed Bark as youseal Spellers came up from 
Darien on his way to the Ocone[e River] with a boat He and the 
boats crew Stayed all night - yesterday we borrowed 6 quarts of 
com of Mr Linder 

Saturday 20 We came home brought home all utensels James 
Persons left at the fishing place a corse [coarse] pr trousers an shirt 
I brought them home 

39 



Sunday 2 1 I spent the day in reading and writing in the afternoon 
I walked out witli Mr Russell - We hung up the Sain 

Monday 22 We got all the plank off the old flat and out of the 
Water - I began to write some letters to Send to Connecticut by 
Russell 

Teusday 23 I wrote 2 one to my Brother and another to my 
Sister 

Wedn 24 My Brother went to Sapelo^'' to Battalion muster 

Thurs 25 In the afternoon I helped Mr Street move his com 

Friday 26 I finished writing my letters I wrote to Isaac Hunt [,] 
Sister Hunt [,] Palmer Bates [,] George King Jun [,] B Lines 

Saturd 27 Mr Russell and my self went up to Mr Rays after 
Honey but got none - My Brother gave me one Hive of Bees if I 
would take care of his I gave Russell the first Swarm that they 
do produce 

Sunday 28 Russell left this for Connecticut - One year this day 
Since I came to Darien - Mr Brantly is very Sick with Plurisey or 
Billions Complaint 

Monday 29 Ephraim Pasons and myself agreed to enter in to a co 
partnership In the Buchering and taning business for the term of 
three years drowed writings but did not sign them 

Teusday 30 I wint up to Mr Linders with my Sister in law and 
returned 

Wednesday 31 Brother and myself Setled - For my years service 
he is to give me the hides and bark that is now on hand and the use 
of the tan house free and r\vo lots for the term of 3 years - I made 
a Coller for the horse 

April 1802 Thursday i Brother went to Doboy for Oysters - I 
ahlled Some wood 

Friday 2 I mad[el a Leimer [limer] My Brother worked at his 
Chimny Mrs Sturling came to Darien 

Satur 3 I went to the A4uster or Election Norman Mc Donald 
resigned Wm Bassetr^" elected Captain John L. K. Holzendorph 
Leutenant and Allen PoweP^ Insign 

Sunday 4 I was Stung with 5 bees they pisoned me much and 
inflamed my body all over Mrs Sturling went home my Brother 
went to Savannah 

Monday 5 I began to currie some bellows leather for Moses 
Moody 

Teusday 6 I began to peal bark back of Darien it rained in the 
afternoon I Shaved Leather 
Wednesday 7 I pealed bark Steven [Stephen ?] helped me 

40 



Thursday 8 I pealed barck 

Friday 9 In the forenoon I pealed barck in the afternoon I went 
to Doboy for Oysters Dunham went 

Saturday 10 We returned with Oysters 

Sunday 11 As yuseal I washed myself wrote and read Some 

Monday 12 I Borrowed a flat of Mr Street and went up the 
river for barck 

Teusday We got to the fishing place put in the bark left thare 
for home 

Wedn. 14 We returned home in the morning on loaded the barck 

Thursda 15 I helped my Brother finish his chimney 

Friday 16 I began to make me a pr of shoes 

Saturday 17 I finished them my foot was sore with a boil on the 
instrip Moses Moody left Darien Supposed to go off in an unbe- 
comeing way it is imegined he has gone to Florida 

Sunday 18 I was very lame I got Some Salts at Rossetters store 

Monday 19 Mr Pours [Powers ?] a carpenter come to M^ork with 
us aft] 20 % pr. month I took Some Salts - I worked at lathing a little 
room up Stair 

Teusday 20 I worked at lathing 

Wednesd 2 1 I went to Doboy for Oysters 

Thursday 22 I hailed bark 

Friday 23 In the forenoon I hailed bark - in the afternoon I 
went to St Simons with Mr Abrahams we had a Strong wind from 
the E and got blowed into the Marsh in Butter milk Sound 

Saturday 24 I returned with three pasingers from Old town 

Sunday 25 Brother went to Savannah - I went to Mrs Sturlings 
with A4rs King 

Monday 26 I hailed barck 

Teusday 27 I hailed barck 

Wedns 28 I hailed barck in the forenoon in the afternoon I went 
up to the fishing place and sot the Cainbrake [canebrakel on firee 

Thursd 29 We burnt as many logs and brush as we could and 
began to plant - at evening I went up to Mr Linders 

Friday 30 Burnt more of the logs and planted some more - took 
the last of the Ebb [tide! went down to the Honey gall Creek after 
a flat of Mr Brantleys but did not get it - it rained very hard in the 
evening I came home and got very wet 

May [1802I Saturday i Mr Cook^^ ^y^^ gt Darien he Dined with 
us - He and my Brother maried sisters I never saw him before he 
has the appearance of a genteel man his manners are slow and easy 

41 



Sunday 2 A4rs King [,] Mr Cook and myself walked up to Mr 
Powels 

Monday 3 I went up to the fishing place to plant Jo Pours went 
up with me we almost finished planting and returned 

Teusday 4 I made a gangway to the tan house and got some 
timber for clamps 

Wedne 5 Mr Cook left here - I got some Sypruss timber for 
clamps Brother returned from Savannah 

Thursda 6 I began a Wharf to set the waterpool on we began 
to make the waterpool 

Friday 7 Allin Powel helped me he wrought at the water pool - 
(Mr Pours worked for Mr Powel six days an I was to be paid in 
labour again) 

Saturd 8 We finishe[d] the waterpool 

Sunday 9 Ferrils boat left here I went as fer a[s] pine Isleand 
with him Mr Street & yarbougrough went also on our return we 
stopted at the Ceder Landing for plumbs 

Monday 10 I piled bark that was in the tan house - Pours began 
upon an other vatt and put it to gether 

Teusday 1 1 He weged it and put it into the ground at evening 
Mr Generalac [Gignilliat ?] and Mr Holmes came here Staid with 
us al Night 

Wednesday 12 I got timber for the barck mill floor 

Thursday 13 I laid the timber for the mill 

Friday 14 Stephen went up to Benjamin Lisles to carry a letter 
and [heard] the News of his [brother ?] Thomas Lisles^^ death 
he died on Teusday last very sudden in Savannah Br Thomas was 
thare at the time - I cut timber for a wharf 

Saturday 15 I went to Little St Simons [Island] after fish Mr 
Yarboughrough Dunham Coopper and Pours went also Found Ros- 
well my Brother thare and Majr Buttler The wind blew so violent 
we cought no fish at night we had but a poor Shelter the wind and 
rain made the night horrid the musquetoes and Sand flies made 
a great addition to our bad Situation 

Sunday 16 In the morning when the rain abated Mr Yarbough- 
rough and myself walked up the beach about 2 miles found some 
spunges and curious looking shells we returned to our camp and 
then Started for home without fish or Oysters 

Monday 17 I began to git lumber for a barck Wheel up Cathead 
Creek - In the afternoon I took my horse went to horse Creek to 
hunt an other tree foun one and returned 

Teusday 18 Capt Stanton Delivered from on board the Schooner 

42 



Polly I Hdds Molasses I put it in to Mr Rositers store - We finished 
the stick of timber up Cathead - Stephen and Numan went up the 
river or fishing place to hoe the com and pu[mp]kins 

Wednes 19 Three of us went to horse Creek to git timber 
Allyn Powel helped us we hewed too peaces 20 in [?] by 15 

Thursd 20 We made pr. block wheels for to hall the timber 

Friday 21 I got Mr Powel horse to help hall the timber we made 
a trail broke the geers and quit - got some small timber 

Satur 22 We hailed the timber for the barck wheel Went up 
to Ceder landing after plumbs got a plenty Stephen returned from 
the fishing 

Sunday 23 I drawled off one barrel of molasses for my Br. 
Roswell out of a hogghead and Robert Powers^'* hed [had ?] the 
remainder which was 69 gallons at 75 cts pr gallon I put it into 
Curries flat 

Monday 24 We went to horse Creek for a stick of timber Live Oak 
6 feet long 15 by 16 inches 

Teusday [25] We went up Cathead Creek for some hicery timber 
for coggs to the barck wheel 

Wednesd [26] We went to Horse Creek for one stick of timber 
Pours complaned of being sick We went up to the Ceeder landing 
for plumbs 

Thursday 27 Powers was Sick Abraham Powel gave him phisic - 
My business was now alittle out of order I hoes Some in the garden 
and made prepareation for to go up the river for Brantleys old 
flat Pours was Sick 

Friday 28 Pours was sick and Stephen was sick - I went up the 
river alone The flat was up the Honeygall Creek I cut off a big 
log and got out the flat at high water came down with the ebb 
tide in the night which was very darck and rainy in the morning 
I found myself back of Butlers Isleand 

Saturday 29 In the morning I found myself about three miles 
out of my way and the f)at on a root at high water I could not git 
it off left it and came home Thare was a court at our house between 
Mrs. Dunham and [a] Negro girl - I bought a bandanah handkerchief 
of Br Roswell pr 125 cents 

Sunday 30 I went after the flat Mr Roach went with me; we 
returned without the flat took dinner and went after her again 
Pours went with us we got it at the mouth of Darien River and 
left it 

Monday 3 1 Pours went to work he has lost four days Wednesday 

43 



Thursday Friday and Saturday - We went after the flat it took us 
most of the day to git it home 

June 1802 Teusday i We nocked Some part of it in pieces and 
worked at the barck wheel some 

Wednesd 2 We got most of the plank off and out 

Thursday 3 We got the remainder out work some at the wheel 

Friday 4 We made the mortices and dowels 

Saturday 5 We helped Rob Pours get a cable that was fast at the 
bottom of the river but with out Success 

Sunday 6 I went into the river to swim I helped Rob. Powers 
to git us a cable 

Monday 7 Roach began to work for me at 1.25 cents per Day 
We began to lay the bark millfloor put the timber for the wheel 
into the tanhouse 

Teusday 8 We finished laying the floor - and made Some coggs 
for the bark wheel Brother went to St Simons 

Wednesd 9 He returned he ha[d] agreed to Superintend Majr. 
Buttlers business but upon what conditions I have not lernt I received 
a letter from Eman. Russell We dabed [daubed?] over the bark 
mill floor and made Some coggs 

Thursday 10 We put the bark wheel together 

Friday 1 1 Roach worked for himself and Pours helped him at 
Morises I went up the river to hoe the corn and pumpkin but foun 
the Corn all destroyed by the squirrels I returned leaveing the 
pumpkin to shift for themselves 

Saturday 12 B. Roswell bought of M. Street two Hoggheads of 
damaged tobacco for eight dolars I helped him repack it Pours 
worked for Roach 

Sunday 1 3 I spent the day as common in reading and writing 

Monday 14 We wrought at the barkmill 

Teusday 15 Pours was Sick with the kine pox [cow pox] we 
worked at the bark mill 

Wednes 16 Brother went to the I[s.] St Simons Roach was Sick 

Thurs 17 Roach worked at the barck wheel We put it up 
Pours was sick 

[Frijday 18 Roach began a Vatt his arm was Sore with the kine 
pox he left off work about the middle of the afternoon I began a 
gangway into the tan house loft 

Saturd 19 Roach did not work was sick I finished the gang way 
Roach has work[ed] four days this week and 4 last week 

Sunday 20 News was early in the morning that Capt Jonathan 
Fabian^^ had Shot himself my brother immediately went thare with 

44 



several more and found the report too true he Shot himself with 
a pistol and left another loaded with Nine Shot this terable Suiside 
was done last Night between Sunset and dark He Shot himself on 
top of his head the contents of the pistol most probably went into 

his body (being no signs of Shot) Mary McDonald was at our 

house 

Monday 21 I worked by myself at the bark mill - Pours and 
Stephen went up the river to make a Canoe 

Teusday 22 I worked by by myself at the bark mill - Pours came 
home 

Wednes 23 I went to St Simons to git some Blaksmiths work 
done Pours went to work for me - Roack went to St Maries in 
Domingos Boat 

Thursday 24 I fished in the forenoon in the afternoon I went to 
see Mr Holstien the Tanner 

Friday 25 We came home I got no work done Brother Now had 
the care of Majr Butlers property 

Saturd 26 Pours and I Dressed some plank and put them up aloft 
to dry 

Sunday 27 The mailboat did not return the Stage went on without 
I began to read a Book called The new Mirror 

Monday 28 I went up the river to help make a Connoe one mile 
below the fishing place I went to the fishing and began to hoe the 
pumpkins 

Teusday 29 I finished the pumpkins and work Some at the Cannoe 

Wednesday 30 We had returned from the river - J Pours borrowed 
Mr Webbs Connoe to go up the river after timber He went in the 
afternoon up to Dewitts - I made me a Shewmaker Seat Brother 
went to St. Simons - 

July Thursday i I put Coggs into the barckwheel - I mended 
my shoes 

Friday 2 I put coggs into the barckwheel Brother returned from 
St Simons brot two iron bands and one guggeon [gudgeon] 

Saturd 3 I finished puting in coggs 

Sunday 4 Independance of the United States of America declared 
twinty six years past - I spent the day in reading and writing 

Monday 5 Roach came to work 

Teusday 6 Brother went to St Simons Capt Morgan and his wife 
went with him 

Wedned 7 We put down a tan vatt 

Thursday 8 I began a pump Mrs King gave Roach one dollar 

Friday 9 Roach did not work I worked at the pump 

45 



Saturday lo Roach has worked 5 days this week - Br Thomas 
came from St MsLrys in the Alailboat - Miss McDonald was here 

Sunday 1 1 I wrote an agreement between Roswell and mySelf 
but did not Sign it After th following manner 

State of Georgia Mcintosh County 
Darien A. D. 1802 

This certifieth that Roswell King and Reuben King do hereby 
agree to enter into a copartnership in the taning business and the 
various branches of Manifacturing leather and all business appertaining 
tharetoo Said Reuben is to have the care of the whole business and 
to act according to the best of his judgment for the good of boath 
for the term of three years Said Roswell and Reuben are to Share 
equal in the loss or gain arrising from Said business inporpotion to 
the separate Stock advanced Said Reuben is to have a salary of three 
Hundred thurty and three Dollars pr. year and common board and 
washing 

Mond 12 Roach worked it rained 

Teusd 1 3 We put a vatt together it rained 

Wedns 14 We put it in the ground for a lime vatt - Roach went 
to St Marys in the mail boat as a hand I wheeled Sand around the 
vatt 

Thursday 15 I wheeled durt into the barck house and dug a 
drean [drain] Brother went to Island of St. Simons 

Friday 16 I made me i pr Shoes or Casimier slippers 

Saturd 17 I wheeled durt Roach worked 2 Days this week 

Sunday 18 I Spent the day common about home - Rufus King 
Brother Roswells oldest Son is now Sick with a fever He was taken 
with a head ach Last Thursday he began to complain 

Monday 19 Thomas left here for St Marys Roach worked 

Teusday 20 We put down an other vatt and moved another 
Sammuel Roach has worked for me 15 Day at 125 cents pr Day 
Settled found Due Saml Roach 6, 63 cents 

Wednesd 21 Rufus was Dangerously Sick Bro Roswell went to 
St Simons I wheeled durt I sot up the latter part of the night with 
Rufus He vomited and purged blood 

Thursday 22 I paid Saml Roach Six Dollars I sot up with Rufus 
part of the night 

Friday 23 At about half past 4 O. C. in the morning Rufus Died 
In the tenth year of his age Four day before his death He was 
derillious most of the whole time Brother returned from St Simons 
found his Son Dead 

46 



Saturday 24 He was buryed about 11 O. C. in the morning 
The inhabitants paid a Due respect &c 

Sunday 25 John Giagnallact [Gignilliat]^^ Mrs Sturhng Mrs. Ran- 
dolph Dined here 

Monday 26 I bought of John Swiley one flat price eight Dollars 
I let him have a Saddle at 16 $ there was a ballance of 8 $ Due him 
for hides the Saddle made an even Settlement - I began to dig a hole 
to put Down a waterpool 

Teusday 27 I dug all day the quick Sand run in fast 

Wednesda 28 I finished diging the hole put down part of it - 
my fore finger on the left hand began to be Sore 

Thursday 29 I finished puting down the waterpool my finger 
was painful I did no more 

Friday 30 I did nothing the felling [felon] on my finger was 
panful 

Saturda 31 Stephen Went up the river with Mr Haden I Settled 
with Roach and ballanced all accounts Mr Kenada came down the 
river with a new boat loden with Gotten 

August 1802 Sunday i My finger the inflameation in it has abated 
I Spent the Day as common Reading and writing 

Monday 2 I put the first hides into soak I put in 26 hides 2 bits [?] 
and 5 Skins thus is the beginning of my taning 

Teusday 3 I went to Doboy for lime found the skift 

Wednes 4 I worked the hides and put some of them into the lime 

Thursday 5 I worked the remainder of them and put all but 4 
into the Lime - Mr Webb killed a Calf for Brother 

Friday 6 I put the remainder of the hides into the lime 

Saturday 7 We put up a temporary Shead to work under over 
the beam - I put in Soak 24 hides and 4 poor Deer Skins 

Sunday 8 I wrote too Brother George the Contents were My 
good health The ill health of Bro. Thomas the Death of Rufus 
The begining of the taning The futer prospect of Darien and the 
produce of this County - &c 

Monday 9 I had been previously warned to work on the Road 
all the week this day I attended and bought my time the remainder 
of this week for two gallons of poor Brandy I worked hide[s] 
some part of the day 

Teusday 10 I worked hides and Skin and put Some in Lime 

Wednesday 1 1 1 put the remainder of them in Lime - I went 
out upon the Road to see how they managed 

Thursda 12 I went out again I began a Rim for the barck mill 

Friday 13 I finished the Rim for the barck Mill 

47 



Saturday 14 Was Company Muster under Capt Wm Bassett 
Leut. Holzendorf Insn. Powel all new commissioned Officers I at- 
tended and was very well pleased at Captn. Bassetts performance - 
I rode to the Muster ground and back again behind Mr Street 

Sunday 15 I went up the river after plumbs and grapes 

Monday 16 I korked the flat and made prepareations to burn a 
lime kill 

Teusday 17 I went up Cathead Creek after wood to bum the 
kill I got some wood that belonged to the Estate of E Thornton 
I returned laid the bottom of the kill 

Wednesday 1 8 We carried sheels [ ? ] from the kitchen - Norman 
McDanold sent one Steers hide to tan marcked N. M. C. Brother 
went to the [blank in ms,] 

Thursday 19 Weeks came to work with me for 6 bus[hel]s Lime 
per Day We went for wood 

Friday 20 We finished the lime kill and Sot it on fire I Sot up 
by the kill the most of the night 

Saturday 21 I Wrote to Isaac Hunt the Contents ware my good 
health and the Sale of his Saddles &c Joseph Powers came down with 
his Raft 

Sunday 22 In the morning I went up to the Ceder lan[d]ing to 
hunt I returned before in the afternoon I went after plumbs and 
grapes 

Monda 23 I began to grind barck broke the mill in the afternoon 
I repaired it I went [up] the river and brought Down lime Drifted 
Ceder 

Teusday 24 I worked Some Skins ground some barck Kenada's 
Ocone[e] boat came down here from Savanah 

Wednesda 25 I wrote to Thomas concerning a horse 

Thursday 26 Brother went to St. Simons two big oared boats 
Came up with him to move his Family to the Island 

Friday 27 He returned With the boats &c I ground barck 

Saturda 28 He moved down with his Family - Mr. Hunt moved 
in to his house I went to Jeremiah Brantley's^'^ to board at three 
Dollers pr week - I found my own lodgeing - Brother left Stephen 
with me to work I got a room of Mr. Hunt to Sleep and to keep 
my close and beding 

Sunday 29 Joseph Powers traded at Rossitter & Streets store 
4.12 cents on Roswell King Account I took a bill of the Same I went 
[to] St Simons took down the goats Parks Littlejohn and Johnson 
went with me 

48 



Mond 30 We went down to Little St. Simons and fished hailed 
the Sain Cought some and returned home 

Teusday 31 I took 25 hides out of the Lime with Stephens help 
I haired them and fleshed them 

September 1802 Wednesday i Stephen went to St Mary's in the 
mail boat for 4 $ 

Thursday 2 I grained the hides 

Friday 3 I filled up a tan vatt with water put in barck 

Saturda 4 I grained the hide again My Brother came up from 
the Isleand We settled with Joseph Powers he worked 45 Days for 
the Co Partnership at 20 Dollers pr Month which amounted to 34.62 
Cent The Co Partnership paid 5.75 Cents Roswell King paid the 

remainder 28.87 Cents I Wrote to Russell I worked the hides 

over on the Grain 

Sunda 5 I wrote and read as common - My Brother Roswell re- 
turned to St. Simons 

Monday 6 I put in barck 50 sides took out of the lime 50 Sides 
more Stephen went up to Clarks Bluff I un haired some of the hides 

Teusday 7 I finished un hairing the hides - Hailed 500 Clabboards 
for Domingo for one Dollar 

Wedne 8 Domingo paid me one dollar I lost out of the tan house 
one Short Coat one Steiped Vest and one pair of Nankeen overhalls 
Mr. Holzendorphs Store was broken open about 18 Dollars Cash 
and Some Shoes were stold Suposed to [be] Mr Couper's Negroes 
I got 4 letters out of the post for John McMilin price 85 cents At 
evening I went & slep with Mr Street He is sick with the Fever 

Thursday 9 We cut and hailed timber for a wharf at Night I slep 
With Mr Street he had a high fever 

Friday 10 I grained the hides and ground barck Stephen Com- 
plaine of being un well 

Saturd 1 1 He was Sick I work at the wharf I laid away 50 Sides 
in fat No. i firs[t] layor - I Stayed with Mr Street at Night 

Sunday 12 We started to go to Doboy in the mailboat Capt 
F er Park and miself It rained we returned 

Monday 1 3 Stephen ground barck I put in barck 50 Sides of leather 
took out of the lime 12 Sides 2 butts 2 Calf Skins 7 Poor Deer skins 
I Alegator Skin 

Teusday 14 I work at the wharf my Brother came up from the 
Isleand 

Wednes 15 I hailed timber for wharf 

Thurd 16 John Hunt raised the Store for Mr Dunham I started 
for Barington I went as far a[s] Capt. Fulton's and stayd all night 

49 



Thare was an express come from the Govemer Josiah Tatenall 
Junr^^ that the militia should muster imediately I was autherised 
to worn the inhabitants at Barington 

Friday 17 I went to Barinton took Breakfast at Mrs. Powers 
I did some business for my Brother with Harper and Powers - Mr 
Harper engaged to fetch down 10 or more steers for my Brother 
(or Major Butler) Leonard Harper was married the night before 
too Susanah Brothers I came from Barington by water Wm. Hozen- 
dorph [Holzendorf] Rode the horse back I Stoped at Linders got 
an empty jarr for Capt Randolph Stoptd [at] the Fishing place 
got some punkins and got home about 4 oc in the afternoon 

Saturd 18 I ground mill full of barck in the forenoon and then 
went to muster I was drafted to go under the 2nd drafted Serjent 
John Aicintosh the Serjen't has the command of 8 men they are 
to go in a gunboat to gard the Fronttiers of Georgia 

Sunday 19 I worked all day I hired a Negro boy to roll durt to 
bank up the fats I put in bark 1 2 sides 8 skins 

Monday 20 I took up the leather that was laid away It was unhurt 
I took 4 sides out of the Lime 

Teusday 21 We wheeled durt for the wharf Mr. Brantley let 
me have one Calf Skin 

Wednd 22 We wheeled durt for the Wharf considerable rain fell 
I put in bark 4 Sides 

Thursd 23 It rained [I] did not do much. Mr. Parks began a tan 
fatt 

Friday 24 I went up the River after Mr. Streets flatt but did not 
find it I brought down 50 punkins 

Saturd 25 John Hornsby brot i hide and 2 Deer Skins for to be 
taned I bought i q[uarter] venison of Hornsby price 44 Cents 

Sunday 26 The Moon changed the weather was wet and windy 
wind N. the Mailboat did not return 

Mond 27 We sunk a tan vatt that Erastus Park made it leaked 

Teusda 28 I went to St. Simons to carry John Gordon down a 
Molatter [mulatto] down He gave me three Dollars I returned in 
the evening - The mailboat did not come 

Wedn 29 Leonard Harper brot to Clabboard bluf 10 Steers for 
Maj Buttler - i five year old steer 2 four yr. old and 7 three yr. olds 
I Rececited the Steers after this manner 

Darien Sept. 2 - 1802 
Recivd of Leonard Harper one five yr old Steer two four yr. old 

^0 



Steers Seven three yr. old Steers and promice to Deliver to Roswell 

King of his order 

Reuben King 
I Sent Stephen after the horse he brot him and told me the horse 
had been Shot in the tail I examined it according to the best of 
judgment it was Shot with a rifle ball and I believe it was done by 
Webb or A Powell Webb denyed it 
Thursd 30 I went up to Clabboard bluff saw the cattle in the flat 

October 1802 Frida i I ground bark laid away 50 Sides of leather 
the first layor 

Satd 2 I went to Sapelo or Court House to Battalion Muster 
under Majr. Montford and Agitant Carleton The day was rainy We 
was on the perrade but a few moments the Roll was not called - We 
was well treated by the Commissioned Officers 

Sund 3 It rained My Brother Came from St Simons left his 
family well 

Mond 4 Was very rainy I did but little John Colder^^ Sent 5 
Hides I Deer Skin to be tanned 

Teusd 5 I began to knock to peaces a flat for Wm Dunham 
[Dunham] which I had sold unto him for 13 Dollars - Yesterday 
I took out of the lime i hide i Calf skin 2 Deer Skins - Mr Street 
was very sick at this time I selep in his Store alone three Nights past 
my Brother went to Jacob Woods^® 

Wednes 6 I knocked planks off the flat and did some few things 
about the tan yard 

Thurs 7 I took all the planks off the flatt - Corked one of the 
tan vatts with ocum - took up 12 peaces of Ceeder in the river - I 
recevd a letter from E Russell dated Pokeepsie [Poughkeepsie, N. Y.] 
12 Septr. Brother went to St Simons 

Friday 8 I took up and put down a tan fat and [g] round part 
of a mill of barck 

Satd 9 Stephen went up the river after punkins brought down 100 
I [sold] I dozen to jon Hunt and one dozn. to Mr. Holzendorph 
I Dollar pr Dozn. 

Sunday i o Stephen went to Barington after Cattle for Ge. Morrice 
Brother Thomas Came from St Maries in the mailboat He went to 
Savannah in the Stage 

Monda 1 1 I laid away 20 Sides of leather 2 buts 2 Calves Skins 
5 Deer Skins i Aligator skin went after a flat for Mr Street I Saw 
Majr. Butler's Schooner at broughton Isleand - I went to the flat 
at Alagator Creek took the ebb tide went into Buttermilk Sound 
intending to come through three mile Cut 

Teusda 12 The wind blew from the east and I had to return 

51 



the wind blew very hard brought the [flat] to the upper end of 
Alagator Creek and left it - returned home 

Wedn 13 Stephen went in the mail boat - I worked for J Hunt 
at Shingleing 

Thurs 14 I hired Mr McCarter to go with me after the above 
me[n]tioned flat We got thare before low water and Stayed untill 
the comeing tide took the flood tide come to the head of Brouton 
[Broughton] Isleand waited for ebb tide took the tide came into 
mud river waited for the flood 

Frid 15 We took the flood came to the head of Gener [General's 
Island] Isleand and waited thare for the ebb tide took the tide came 
to Darien about Sun set 

Saturd 16 In the morning I went after the horse found him in 
Mcintosh's field I ground barck corked a tan fat 

Sunday 17 I Settled with Rossitter & Street & Ballanced all ac- 
counts With said Copartnership - I Received a letter from John 
McMillin He wrote me that he was well Also wrote that he had 
received 5 letters from me which letters I had taken out of the post 
office for him for the 5 letters I paid 105 cents which is hole 
postage I dined at Mr Hunts upon oysters 

Mond 18 I made 2 brooms hailed some Ceeder timber for my Self 
Hailed 4 pieces for Mr Brantly I charged him 50 Cents At about 
5 O. C. in the afternoon I was told that [Wm. ?] James Smith had 
shot Thomas Weeks at the Store now ocopyed by Rossetter & Street 
I immediately went to the Store found Weeks Rooling [rolling] in 
his blood neer the Store Door We laid some boards on the groun[d] 
and removed him from about the Door he asked for water to Drink 
We gave him Some He was Shot under the left brest about 4 Inches 
with Small Shot 2 of them came through under his right arm - 
the gun Supposed to be 4 feet from his breast when Shot - He 
lived about 45 minnutes after the shot He was removed soon after 
into my tan house - Smith was bound and put under keepers E^qr. 
McDanold was sent for - I slep in the s[t]ore with Mr. Street he 
being unwell 

Teusday 19 A Juror [jury] of twelve men Namely J. L. K. 
Holzendorf - Wm Holzendorf Wm. Coopper - Wm Horton - 
E Rustler [Butler ?] - J Brooks - S Turner - A F Powel - A. B. 
Powel - J Hunt S Roach and myself was held over the Dead 
body the Jurors verdict was Wilfull Murder by the hand of said 
Smith - Weeks was buried - I went to Mr Morrisses to Keep gard 
over Smith I went on gard half past 10 O. C. in the evening Stephen 
began to board at Brantlys 

Wedney 20 I was relive [d] at 6 o. c. in the morning - I felt 



not fit for work did but little I Sent a letter in the mail Boat di- 
rected to Eliza Cooke St. Augustine 

Thursday 21 I hailed 6$ [?] plank to Jer Brandy's for a floor 
to his out house a place for Stephen to Sleep occasionally - I ground 
bark Stephen Sick 

Friday 22 I receive a letter from Wm. Dunham by his Wife 
informing me that he wanted the [room ?] I ocopied I moved my 
beding and trunks into Rossetter & Streets store in the upper loft 
Mr Street told me I was welcome to it as long as I pleased for a lodge- 
ing room At this time I had fixed a room for Stephen to Sleep in 
at Mr Brantly's I took out of lime 12 s[ides] 2 skins 

Saturda 23 In the morning Wm. Dunham had arrived in a small 
Schooner called the Malepert of Sapelo He brot his house furniture 
John Hunt put his furniture and tools on board Said Schooner for 
Sunbury Went by land himself and Family 

Sunday 24 I wrote to E Russell Poughkeepsie the sum and sub- 
stance as follows My good health the suck [c] ess in business and 
Confidence in his Friendship to me - Br Roswell came from the 
Isleand - I was summonsed to go on gard over Wm. Smith accord- 
ingly I went in the evening Brother went over to the tide Isleand 

Monday 25 Wm. Smith was Sent to jail I fleshed some hides 
Stephen worked for J Brantly 

Teusday 26 I ground Mill full of barck worked 12 Sides 2 Skins 
and put them in the barck Stephen worked for J Brantly 

Wedn 27 I went up the river after punkins at the fishing place 
Brought home all Shot one Duck Br. Thomas came here from 
Savannah in the Stage on his way to St Mary's I did not see him 
Stephen worked for J Brantly 

Thursd 28 I worked for Mrs Keton built up her Chimney 
Stephen worked With me 

Friday 29 I took up a fat of leather fat No 3 made a table to 
Scour leather on 

Saturde 30 Stephen worked for G Morrice I Scoured leather 

Sunday 31 I read in the Geography most of the day - J Brantly 
returned from Barrington brought word that Mr Harper was to 
drive down to Clabboard bluff 10 or more steers for P Butler I 
wrote a letter to Bro. Roswell concerning the Cattle 

Novembr. [1802] Monda i I went over to the tide Isleand 
Mr Street went over with me We returned laid away vatt of 
leather containing 50 Sides flesh up 2d layor 

Teuday 2 I went into the woods cleared paths to my barck 
belov/ Darien Stephen went after Wm. Dunhams horse found him 

53 



Wednesda 3 I was lame with a bile [boil] on my ancle I mended 
my Close Bro. Roswell came from St Simons 

Thursday 4 I Hailed some barck - Wm Dunham bought and 
butchered a Steer of Robert McDonald^^ I bought the hide at 1.25 
Cn. Nathaniel Beal^^ moved to Brunswick 

Friday 5 I hailed barck and ground brack Mr Harper came 
from Barrington with Cattle for Majr Butler 

Saturday 6 I Corked vatt No. 2 ground some barck - Stephen 
went up the river with his mother 

Sunday 7 Capt Smith came from Savannah Schooner Polly of 
Stonington Cne. [Connecticut] Capt Stanton also lying here Sloop 
Lucy 

Monday 8 I Went up to Capt Fultons after a beef for J Brantly 
I went up by water and brought the beef down in a Connoe 
Stephen was with me He gave me the hide for my Services 

Teusday 9 Wm. Dunham yesterday Received an assortment of 
European and West India goods which he now offers for Sale und[er] 
the Firm of Dunham McCloud & Miller &c - I worked some at the 
wharf — Uncommon high tide - Damage Done at Broughton Isleand 

Wed 10 I Went over to Butlers Isleand to cut the 2d groath rice 
for fodder Stephen was with me It began to rain about 2 OC P.M. 
I returned home ground barck 

Thursd 1 1 I went into the woods to get timber for a house 24 
in length 16 in breadth with poast sot in the ground 

Frida 12 I went into the wood Ukewise and finished geting the 
post 

Saturd 13 I went over to the Isleand to cut rice again brought 
some home got Stoped in the Cut off on the ebb tide came through 
the Swamp opposite Darien called for a Cannoe and went a crost - 
At this time the River is very low — I am now all most Discouraged I 
am without Money without Credit and Nothing to Sell Hides are 
to be bought for half their real value &c Brother Roswell has certainly 
used a flattering tonge to me I have all ways depended on him for 
a supply of money to carry on this tanning business and have yet 
some hopes of his assistance in this way If he does not I must content 
my Self with Small gains 

Monday 1 5 I Yesterday or Sunday I spent the day in Reading and 
writeind - I took out of the lime 12 Sides and 3 skins - I took the 
hair off in the afternoon I hailed posts for my house 

Teusde 16 I wint over to the tide Isleand to cut rice I brought 
home 100 Sheaves of it 

Wedne 1 7 I went over to the Isleand finished cuting brought home 
100 sheaves 

54 



Thursd i8 I Settled with J Brantly for a flat and all other charges 
against me except my board - Went to the Isleand after more fodder 
Recevd of Wm Dunham Five Dollars Cash - 

Friday 19 I went to the Isleand bound up all my fodder and 
brought home a conoe load of it 

Saturd 20 I settled with John Hunt he gave me 50 Cents for the 
fowls he had of my Brother 

Sunday 2 1 Domingo Taldo Married to Peggy Tucker by Norman 
McDanold Esqure Thare was a good Dinner provided - at evening 
five gallons of wine was drank and a Number of good toasts given 

Monday 22 I took out of the lime 8 sides and 8 Deer Skins 
Went into the woods after a face for a curring beam and got one of 
Dogwood I Bought 2 Hides of James Duff 

Teusday 23 Capt Smith arrived from Savannah - Mr Morris has 
been told by Thomas Grant that Stephen Bug [?] Swore that he 
would set the house on fire (Supposed to be Gear Morrises house) 
Thomas Grant saith He will swear the above also saith that Betsy 
Summerlin heard the Same words - I was called uppon by Mr Morris 
We examined Mr. Grant and Miss Summerlin Grant said he would 
swear to the above Miss Summerlin said she knowed nothing of it - 
Mr Morrice said Stephen should not come about his house He also 
discharged Grant and sent him away 

Wednd 24 In the morning I went to the Isleand brought home 
the last of the fodder Stephen went to St Marys in the mail boat 
I worked in the tan yard 

Thursd 25 I worked in the tan yard 

Friday 26 I Ground 2 mills of Barck - Put in barck 8 sides and 7 
Deer Skins 

Saturday 27 I settl with Wm Dunham and found due to Wm 
Dunham 2.81 1/4 Cents The Account is drawn off and filed with 
my papers - I took up fat leather No. 4 [,] 50 Sides and made 
prepareations to go into the woods for Wm Dunham 

Sund 28 I Sent [spent] the day in writing and reading I gave 
W Dunham Cr i, 33 3/4 cents and Charged the Same to Mr Brantly 

A4onday 29 I wint in to the woods after boards and paleing with 
Mr Park & Wm Dunham brought home 90 

Teusday 30 I went int othe Swamp to work with E. Park for 
Wm Dunham got and brought home no palings and Colebboards 

[December 1802] Wedn 31 [i] I went into the swamp after 
boards for Wm Dunham Stephen went with me brought home 146 
and brought home the tools 

Thursd i [2] White frost [I] Bought of Reuben Obry^^ i Hide 

55 



loo cents I went into the pine Barron after palings for Mr Dunham 
He agreed to give loo cents pr hundred We sawed 5 Cuts and boatted 
them 

Friday 2 [3] I settled with John McMillin I paid him 3 Dollars 
and thare is yet a ballance due to him of 10 Dollars which I agreed 
to Send him in a letter if he requested it by the first day of Alarch 
Next - I went into the woods after paleing 

Saturd 3 [4] Was muster by the Order of Capt Bassett - I went 
with Capt Turner to carry Murdoc^^ and John McLeod^^ to Little 
Santilly [Satilla] price 12 D We went as far as Gascines [Gascoignes] 
Bluff and stayed all Night (the night was rainy) in the morning 

Sunda 4 [5] early we proceed on our Journey we over took a 
boat at Jeykel [Island] below Mr Parsonses - McLeod did his business 
with them in the boat and then we re turned back (I borrowed a 
Courreing knife of Mr Parsons) as far as Gaskines Bluff and stay 
untill Flood tide which was about 1 2 O. C. and then started for Darien 

Mond 5 [6] Before the day we got into Buttermilk Sound the 
wind blew So hard from N. W. we was obliged to go to Fivepoun [ ? ] 
and stay untill the next flood tide and thin we started got home 
before Sun Set 

Teusday 7 I hailed paleings 

Wedna 8 I hailed paleings yesterday and today 500 paleings for 
Wm Dunham at i Dollar pr hundred 

Thursd 9 I cut and sawed timber for paleing for Rossitter & Street 
at evening I was taken with an itching I supose I got pisoned in the 
woods 

Friday 10 I itched Continually and my body was inflamed all over 
I helped A4r Dunham Shingle his smoke house - in the afternoon I took 
Some Salts for my Complant which was at this time increasing 

Saturd 1 1 In the morning my head was Swelled arms and boddy 
also I did but little work in the afternoon I eat 4 Sour oranges and 
soon after my Complaint Mostly abated 

Sunday 12 John H Mcintosh^^ came to Darien brought with him 
three Carpenters Natives of Connecticut names as follows Reuben 
Peat Wmt Peat (Brothers) and Elias Foot thay are to build some 
houses at Darien - I am much swelled the Iching has left me 

Mond 1 3 I worked for Wm Dunham at makeing fence 

Teusda 14 I Shaved leather being the first at this place 

Wednesd 15 Mr Park began a tan vatt I worked with him 

Thursday 16 We put it into the ground - called at persent fat 
No 5 Bro Roswell was here 

Friday 17 I filled in Durt about the tan vat and worked on the 

56 



flesh [ing] 8 Sides that I took out of the Hme on Teusday last - 
and some hides I bought of Isaac Monday^'^ 

Saturda i8 I wrote a letter [to] Isaac Hunt the Contents as follows 
Firstly my opology for not writing oftner - the Sale of his Saddles - 
My exspectation of taning concidable the comeing year I liveing 
separate from my Brothers and the uncertainty when I Should be 
at Connecticut &c &c I Wrote to John Bracken at Pittsburgh The 
contents much as follows of my health my prospect of taning con- 
sidable that I had received a letter from his Brother and that I had 
a Brother inlaw living near lake Erie by the name of Bates &c &c 
I bought of Benjamin Brown i Hide 

Sunday 19 A[t] this time thare was a Number of Small boats down 
the river Some with Butler some with meat others with Corn Mr 
Sutton was down with a raft of Steaves [staves?] 

Monday 20 I Sold to Mr Brantly 400 - three feet Shingles - I made 
a pinblock 

Teusda 21 I packed Cotten for Wm Dunham Bro Roswell came 
from the Isleand I put in barck 8 sides of Leather 

Wedned 22 I put a new Shaft into the barck wheel packed i bag 
of Cotten for Wm Dunham - In the evening I went over to the tide 
Isleand after Straw for Wm Dunham and for a flat to go to Clab- 
board bluff after two Steers belonging to L Harper 

Thursda 23 I came round Generis Isleand with Straw Mr Holzen- 
dofs boys were with me Isaac & George^^ - Harpers Cattle got 
out of the pen I did not go up to the bluff 

Friday 24 Prepareation were making for Crismas - I went to St 
Simons to keep Cry [s] mas with my Brother and his family 

Saturda 25 Crismas day I was at St Simons the wind blew fresh 
from N. E. I went a hunting burds I killed a Number of kinds and 
returned to my Brothers before Diner after which I Spent the day in 
reading - 

Sunday 26 It rained Some after Diner I left the Isleand leaveing 
my Brother and his family all well - I came to the tide Island Bor- 
rowed Mr Russells Connoe and came home 

Monday 27 I took up a fat leather No 3 [,] 50 Sides took out for 
to Curry I ground barck 

Teusday 28 I Shaved leather Bought of Rosseter & Street Shoe- 
maker tools - 

Wedned 29 I Shaved Skins and scoured them laid away fat 
No 3 - forty sides - Bought of Rossiter & Street one Gallon of oil 
and Jug at 1.75 cents 

Thursd 30 George Morris had a fit fell into the fire and burnt 

57 



his feet his wright foot was very much Burnt He has been troubled 
with these fits before - I Put in Stuff 17 Deer Skins 2 poor Calves 
Skins and one Otter Skin 

Friday 31 I finished of 2 Deer Skins I took i of them for a Seat 
to a Saddle of R Streets - Major Butler came to Darien Decemer - 
the last Some few remarks 1 have Not been Sick one day this year 
with a fever. Thare is five Stores in Darien Morris [,] Rossiter & 
Street [,] & Holzendorf [,] Dunham and Harford The town of 
Darien is held in Dispute between the State of Georgia and John H 
Mcintosh [John Houstoun Mcintosh] The last seting of the assembly 
considered it as land belonging to the State - and I believe after a 
long dispute the State will hold it 

January 1803 Saturd i The Commencement of a new year leads 
me to consider the Shortness of time and the uncertainty of Ufe - 
Time rools [rolls] on and Sweeps 

Us all to the grave, Man 

With out power to Save! 

This day was pleasant & George Morrice was crazy his feet looked 

very bad - Mr Barker stayed with him - I receive aletter from E 

Russell - I took out of the lime 16 Sides 2 deer Skins 

I Reckoned with J Brantly 

Jeremiah Brantly Cr Dol 

By 18 Weeks Board at 3,00 cents pr week 54.00 

Dr 
Dr To Sundries 16,62 Yz Cents 16.62 Yz 



Ballance due J. B. 37.37 

At evening I went to stay with Mr Morris he was Crazy but knowed 
people called them by Name &c He desired us all to go home saying 
he wanted to Sleep We left him by him Self except a small Boy 

Monda 3 Early in the Morning I went to Morrises I suppose 
before any person had been thare found him lying behind the Shed 
room Door with his feet bare and bleeding He had blooded the house 
from Door to Door - I Did some work in the Tanyard - Towards 
evening I went over to Broughton Isleand I with Wm A. Dunham^* 
after Potatoes in mail Boat We returned about 8 O. C. in Eve- Soon 
after I returned I heard Morris was Dead suposed to Dy in a fit 
or Soon after haveing one Also Peter Sylva Dyed about 2 hours 
before Morris He Died with a dropsical Complaint at the house 
ocopied by Domingo Taldo - at Night I wached with the Corpse 
of Morris 

Teusde 4 Stephen went to Savanah after Benjamin Morris - In 

58 



the afternoon the corpse of George Morris and Peter Sylva were 
decently buried - I felt for the want of Sleep 

Wednes 5 I bought of John Lot 12 Hides at one Dollar each 
Received a letter from Isaac Hunt I worked in the yard I wrote to 
Br Thomas 

Thursda 6 I bought of [blank] Ward one Hide at 100 Cents I 
worked some in the tan yard 

Friday 7 I worked hides 

Saturd 8 I worked hides - The weather is extreem cold for This 
Country - Benjamin Morris came here from Savanah to examine 
the papers of his Deceased Brother - Mr Williams came with him 

Sunda 9 I spent the day in reading 

Monday 10 I spent the day in some in the yard 

Teusday 1 1 Put in Barck 1 6 Sides and 2 Deer Skins 

Wedna 12 I Started for St Marys in the mail boat with Saml, 
Roach we hired the boat of Doming Taldo for 3 Dollars we had 6 
pasengers to to Old Town 

Thursday 1 3 In the morning we went up to Brunswick and at Sun 
set we ware almost at St Andrews Sound the wind blew so hard we 
could not cross 

Friday 14 We crossed St. Andrews Sound the wind being a head 
we did not arrive at St. Marv^s untill six O. C. in the evening I found 
my Bro. Thomas in good Health I eat Supper with him at Mr 
Woodroofs'^" We left St Marys at about 12 O.C. with a good breeze 
at W. without any passengers the wind dying away we got within 
3 miles of the plumb orchard and Stayed till day light 

Saturday 15 We got at Cumberland high point before 12 O. C. 
The wind blew \W N. W. we got into St. Simon's Sound little after 
Sun Set it was then low water We took the flood from thare to 
Broughton Isleand and then against tide to Butlers Isleand and Stayed 
untill Day light 

Sunday 16 We arrived at Darien about 8 O. C. in the morning 
With out any passengers all the pasingers we had was from Darien 
to St. Simons after reckoning the the expence of the Boat I found I had 
made Nothing only did my business at Brunswick and Saw my Brother 
at St. Marys 

Monday 17 I began to frame me a house 24 feet long 16 Wide 

Teusday 18 I worked at framing the house 

Wedned 19 I worked at the house and put up some part of it 

Thursd 20 I worked at the house 

Friday 21 I worked at the house put up some of the rafters 

59 



Saturd 22 I finished puting up the frame - Worked in the tan yard 
Corked tan fat No 5 

Sunday 23 I Wrote to E Russell at Poughkeepsie the Contents as 
follows The improvement made at Darien in building - the land 
being clamed by the public - And things concerning my own private 
affairs. The sale of his Saddles or them that he left [torn off] to 
Hunt & Lines - The Death of George Morris 

Monday 24 I went over to the tide Isleand after clabboards - Bro 
Roswell haveing 5000 thare I have my choice out of them for my 
Shop Shaved and Straitend some of the claboards 

Teusd 25 I Shaved and Straitened Clabboards 

Wene 26 Stephen went in the mail boat as a hand to St. Marys 
I began to put on clabboards on the shop 

Thursda 27 I put on clabboards cased the windows &c 

Friday 28 I took out of Lime 34 sides and one Calf skin and 
worked Some at the Shop 

Saturd 29 I ground Barck - Dressed a bear Skin with the hair on 
and finished weather boarding the gable end to the Shop nex to the 
river 

Sunday 30 I wrote and read as yuseal - Thare is now a rise of 
water in the River Several large flats have come down ledon [laden] 
with Corn - 

Monday 31 I unhaired hides - took up vatt No i - 50 Sides 

February [1803] Teusday i Laid away Vatt No i - 50 Sides 
worked some at Weather boarding the Shop - 

[Wednesday] 2 Leonard Harper brought to Darien 3 beeves 2 
for P Butler i for Brantly & Holzendorf the wt of Brantly & Holzen- 
dorf 326 lb Neat - P Butler 2 beeves Neat wt. 754 - I receited the 
same to L Harper and delivered it to Woster Major Butlers Negro 
with the of fall - I wrote to Thomas at [St Marys] 

[Thursday] 3 [4] I worked at Weather boarding and shaveing 
and jointing boards 

[Friday] 4 [5] I laid away fat No 2-26 Sides first laor [balance 
of page, perhaps 4 lines, missing] 

Teusday 8 Puting on the ears Skin of the nose and tail 

Wedne 9 I measured 250 Bushels Salt for W A Dunham - I 
worke some in the tan yard 

Thursday 10 I Put in barck 34 sides i Calf skin into Vatt No 5 

Friday 1 1 I worked some in the yard ground barck Went into 
the woods after a Stick of timber to make plank for to repair a boat 
with 

Satu 12 It rained most of the Day 

60 



Sund 13 Was my Bearth day 24 years old I have not time to 
menshon a number of the things that have hapened the last year 
which are worth Notice But as to my own Private affairs they look 
Prosperous at present 

Monday 14 Last Thursday The Brig Maringo was cast away on 
the Pelican Bank near St Little St Simons The Ships Crew all arrive 
here this day [illegible] in number Capt Nicalau Master laden with 
Mohogany from St Domingo Bound to [blank] under French Coulers 
Hail & Snow fall this Evening the first I [saw] in this State of Georgia 

Teusday 15 Domingo Talder [Taldo] and my Self Entered into 
a writen agreement with the Capt and [Master of] said Brig [blank] 
Capt Nicalau [&] Charles [illegible] Mate - the Writen agreement 
in the hand of Domingo Taldo [remaining lines on page, about 3 or 4, 

missing] We found on little St. Simons 112 Mahogany an some 

other things of value 

Friday 18 We gethered some of the wreck Spikes Bloc[s] 

Saturd 19 I went to my Brothers on St Simons to git s[ome] 
Iron work done Domingo Talder went with me [we] bought of 
Majr Butlers Negroes 26 lb of Iron in proper Shape for our use at 
22 Cents pr lb 

Sunday 20 We tried our Iron cant Dogs which we found answered 
a very good purpose in rolling the Mahongany timber 

Monday 21 I returned to Darien Capt Charles Proffit and John 
Gorman also Left Domingo [,] Parks and Littlejohn to work 

[Tuesday] 22 I made prepareations to go down again I hired 5 
Men Wm Peat Reuben Peat Elias Foot John Gorman Jaf a 

Negro all at two dollars a day pr - and John Th [blank] at 20 

Dollars pr Month 

[Wednesday] [23] We all the above mentioned persons left 
Darien for Little St Simons also Capt Ehr Profit - I went to 
Gascines Bluff to Mr Coopers [Couper's ?] after the Necessarys 
wanting at Little St Simons I got some things to the amount of 
30,06 % Cents and arrived at Little St Simmons about 12 O. C. in the 
Night 

[T]hurs 24 We got off some timber but the tide not being 
favourable we did but little 

[Friday] 25 The Weather was so bad we could do [nothing ?] 

[Saturday] 26 The [weather] was so we could do — — — 
Capt Nicalau came from St. Marys georgia [Remainder of this line 
and two others so worn as to be illegible] was cold and rainy I made 

prepareations go back to the Isleand Was clear the wind blew 

fresh from N. W. [I left] Darien for little St Simons I arrived thare 

61 



before Night - I inclosed a ten Dollar Bill in a [letjter and directed 
it to Malcholm Alcmillan Fayettville North Carolina Brother to 
John Mcmillan to [who]m the Bill was Due - the bill when Received 
justly ballances all accounts between John Mcmillan and my Self 
up to this Date - I Delivered the said bill into the hand of Henery 
Green now acting as Post Master 

[March 1803] Wedn 2 We got but one piece of Mehogany in to 
the Creek 

Thurs 3 We got in 13 pieces into the Creek 

Fride 4 We got 3 pieces into the creek - Domingo and Peat 

left the Isleand for Darien - Foot and Peat have been hired for eight 
Days 

Saturd 5 We got 5 pieces into the Creek 

Sunda 6 Domingo and his Wife 2 hired men - Gorman and 
Stephen came down - Gorman absent 3 day from work - I came up 
to Darien with me 

Mond 7 I did some work in the yard but Did not fell well I 
suppose to have cought cold by wadeing in the water and Strained 
myself by lifting 

Teuday 8 I worked in the yard 

[Wednesday] [9] I fleshed hides and Dear Skins ground barck 

Thur 10 I laid a way fat No 2 60 Sides flesh up 4 Deer skin I 
keep skins i calf skin i Alagator skin 

Frid[ay] [11] I went to Little St. Simons Wm went with me 
we got some mahogany into the Creek 

[Saturday] [12] We got in 8 Sides [Two remaining lines so worn 
as to be illegible] 

Tuesda 15 — — — appointed by the House of Assembly at 
Louisvill for certain Commissioners app[ointe]d in Mcintosh County 
to sell Public land near Darien the money to be appropriated for the 
[use] of an Academy in said County - The Com[mis]sioner met at 
Darien - Jacob Wood Thomas Spaulding"^^ [blank] Nephew [blank] 
Balie 

They [ ] no land Ajoumed - Stephen is now very sick with a 

fever - I hired [blank] Prichard to work in the tan yard a few Day 

Wedn 16 I worked some in the yard made prepareations to go 
down to the Isleand 

Thursd 17 Early in the morning I Started for the Isl[eand] 
John Gorman & [blank] Broocks went with me [we went] Down 
about 9 O. C. in the morning got all [the] pieces into the Creek except 
2 which we [re] for Majr Butler 

62 



Frida i8 We returned to Darien Leaving one man on the Isleand 
to take care of the timber 

Satur 19 I Settled with Rossetter & Street found Due a ballance 
of 17.90 Cents in their favour 

Sunday 20 I lent Rossetter & Street 14.00 cents 

Monday 21 I wrought in the yard 

Teusd 22 I went to St. Simons Charles Dunham"^^ went wi[th 
me] 

Wedn 23 We went over to Wolf Isleand to hunt we found 

the teller [tiller] to the Brig A4oringo of Mahogany took it from 

that Isleand - - - We endevored to git the piece into t[he] 

the means we filled the boar bailed the boat and toed 

[towed] the pri[ze] 

Thursd 24 The wind S. W. We went 

[Friday] [25] We returned to Darien brought one piece of Ma- 
hogany and some old iron bras and Lead 

[Saturd] 26 We divided with the Capt the Iron brass and lead 
the whole was valued at 10.00 Cents the Captains share was 5 Dollars 

[Sunday] 27 I had some writings to Do which I did Accounts 

[Monday] 28 I took up fat leather No i Ground barch Shaved 

Leather put in barck 22 Sides 2 Keep skins 

[Tues]day 29 I laid away fat No 4 50 Sides flesh up 

W[end] 30 I went into the Swamp to get posts and poles to 

in the yard 

[Thurs]d 31 I Settled my account with W A Dunham Ballance 
due me 77 Cents - I worked at the yard fence and some in the yard - 

[April 1803] [Friday] i I worked at the fence. Stephen went up 
to Barrington after Some Boats belonging to Br. Roswell 

[Saturday] 2 I felt unwell John Loyd is now sick with the 
meesles - The Bees Swarmed I hived them in a Sugar barrel] Abraham 
Powel assisted me - 

Sunday 3 I sold to Joseph Nicolau my Wright and Claim of the 
Cargo and wrek belonging to the Brig Morin[go] for 300 Hundred 
Dollars and I am to pay Yz of th[e] exphences all ready exspended 

Monday [4] I worked in the yard and made Some prepareations 
to go up the River to peal Barck [wen]t to Horse Creek to examine 

the woods I wor [worked? ] bridge on the Said Creek 2 Yz 

males from on the Savannah Road Then down the 

to Cathead Creek finding as I passed timber 

[Last line so worn as to be illegible] 

[Evidently some of the pages following April 4 were lost or de- 
stroyed] 

R3 



Sunday 24 1 received a letter from St Simons from Catherine 
King my Sister inlaw enquiring if I had heard any thing from my 
Brother Roswel She informed me she had not heard from him since 
He left St. Simons for Savannah 2 Weeks ago I wrote h[er] I was 
informed that He was in Savannah Waiting for the Schooner I also 
Informed her that I was then sick with the Measles 

Monday 25 I was very sick had a violent fever Drank pelenty of 
Brandy to drive out the Measles which had the desired effect towards 
evening I was broke out considerable thick 

Teusday 26 My fever began to abate I Drank porter which I 
believe to be very good 

Wedn 27 I was able to walk out I went to the tan yard and to the 
Post Office 

Thursd 28 Smith and Stephen went up the river to peal barck 
I walked about Darien Drank frely of Porter 

Friday 29 I have regained my appetite Still have a bad - - - 
[weight?] and sore eyes 

Saturday 30 I went to work ground barck and did part of one Days 
work - Vegetation wants rain 

May [1803] Sunday i Three ye[ars] [edge of page torn 

off] on a new Made by John Co 

Monday 2 I went to Work in the Did some Necessary 

work 

Teusday 3 I worked in the tan yard 

Wedn 4 I worked in the tan yard Emanuel Russell 

Dated Stephen came Down 

Thursda 5 I went up to Clerks bluff to I went up to 

Hollands It rained a gentle shower 

Friday 6 Smith a hired man I have wanted to go into some part 
of Glen [Glynn] County to transact some business for him Self his 
month is not out into one Day He promiced to meett me at Clarks 
bluff on Monday next I Slept in the woods last night - I returned 
to Darien did some work in the yard - Stephen was taken Sick 

Saturday 7 In the morning I went to my Cornfield I took break- 
fast at Mr Webbs The Crows were troublesome to my Corn I 
bought 50 cents worth of twine I strung the cornfield round with 
the twine being told that it would prevent the crows from lighting 
in the field - James Hunt the Sage [stage] Driver has been very 
troublesome in Darien yesterday and to Day threatening to take life 
or loose his own and to tear down Betty and Patty Keatons house - 
It appears that Wm. Shields has rented the house and that those girls 
wished him to pretect it Accordingly He went to Defend the house 

64 



in the evening It appears that James Hunt came to the house of 
Betty and Patsy Ketons about 7 O.C. in the evening Threatening 
evil threats against the house and People Wm Shields told him stand off 
and not trouble the house Hunt then rushed toward the Door Shields 
then Shot off his gun they Strove for the gun and S[h]ields asked 
for assistance which he soon got - John Gormon with the help of 
others took away the gun and parted them Shields took his gun and 
went immediately towards home Hunt followed him Shields turned 
around Struck with the brich of his gun knocked him down and 
then repeated the blow Hunt was taken up and carried into the house 
whare Shields lived Henery Hartford'^^ bleed him and some other 
exertions were made He Hved but a few moments after he was 
Struck - Shields made his escape 

Sunda 8 A Jury of inquest was held over the Body I was one of 
the twelve Henery Hafford [Harford] was foreman of the Jury. 
The accusation against Wm. Shields was brought in Man Slaughter 
In Self defence - Hunt was decently buryed &c 

Monday 9 I went up the River to pack Barck - Stephen Sick He 
went to J Brantlys to board I began to pack Barck Smith worked Vz 
Day 

Teusday 10 I packed barck some rain Smith worked V2 day his 
month is now out 

Wedn. 1 1 Smith and Peter Linder helped pack barck & split laths 

Thursd 1 2 I finished packing Barck - Smith and Peter helped me - 
Smith left me - I started for home stayed all Night at Mr Linders 

Frid 1 3 I came home in the Morning went to work in the yard 

Saturd 14 I worked in the yard Laid away vatt leather No 5 
50 sides 2 keep skins and 2 Deer Skins - The bees Swarmed I got 
Stung attempting to save them thare was two swarms both lost 

Sunda 15 My face was swelled by the sting of the bees - I wrote 
some and read in Morses Geograpa 

Mond 16 I worked in the tan yard Carried 9 pieces Leather E 
Parks began me a tan vatt Foot worked with him Bror Roswell 
was at Darien I got Lingamvity [Lignum vitae] for a curraing beam 

Teusd 17 John Colders wife dyed - I worked in the yard - Sawed 
a stick of Lingumvity - Parks & Foot worked at the tan vatt 

Wedne 18 I put down the 6th Tan vatt - The price of making 
Six Dollars I shovel'd durt around it 

Thursd 19 I took out of the Hme 42 Sides 2 horse Sides 13 Deer 
skins 5 calf Skins i Bear skin i bit hide in all 64 pieces I banked 
around my tan fatt 

65 



Frida 20 I took out vatt leather No 4-50 sides Soleather Taned - 

Damaged leather I Stretched and packed it 

Saturd 21 I unhaired 64 pieces I went to my cornfield 
Sunday 22 I spent most of the day in Reading and writing 
Mond 23 I began [to] Hoe corn - The Carpenters began to raise 

a large store for John H Mcintosh 
Teusda 24 In the morning I was taken with the Collie I vomited 

a number of times I applied to Henery Harford for assistance He 

brot me a phial of the tincture of Rubarb I took 2 spoonfulls of it 

and was relived in a few moments my bowels felt sore and weak 
Wend 25 I was not able to Do much work 
Thursda 26 I Went to work in the yard Grained 64 pieces 
Friday 27 I worked in the yard part of the Day - Roswell my 

Brother was from the Isleand 

Saturd 28 In the forenoon I worked in the yard - I was afterward 

taken with the Collie and went to bed 

Sund 29 I hived a Swarm of bees that swarmed yesterday 
Monda 30 I hived another Swarm I worked in the tan yard 

J H Mcintosh finished raising his large Store - I hired a man by the 

name of Jacob Hammons a Molatto He and Stephen helped raise for 

Mcintosh 
Teusda 3 1 I worked in the yard put in barck 42 sides 2 horse sides 

1 3 Deer Skins 5 Calf skin 
June [1803] Wedn i I worked in the yard put in some damaged 

Deer skins for Hafford [Harford] 
Thursd i [ 2 ] I took out 5 Sides of leather for Mr Colder I writed 

the roof of the Tan house 

Friday 2 [3] I worked Some in the yard on Some laths on the 

rood of the shop 

Satur 3 [4] I helped Mr Cole raise a house for Hamden Mcintosh*^^ 
Sunde 4 [5] I began with John Loyd to Siper [cipher] - some 

rain 

Mond 5 [6] In the morning I went down to the old fort bluff 
(so called) one mile below Darien to help Mr Cole finish raising 
Hamden Mcintosh's 2 Story house 20 feet by 40 - I returned and 
went to work in the yard 

Teusday 6 [7] I put [to] Soak 28 Hides 4 Deer skins - I worked 
in the yard 

Wedn 7 [8] I worked in the yard broke hides 

Thursd 8 [9] I worked in the yard broke Hides 

Frida 9 [10] I ground bark worked hides Laid away fat No 5 - 

66 



50 Sides 41 Deer Skins 2 Calf Skins Note. Vatt now No 5 and No 4 - 
Abraham Powels Negro worked for me hoed Corn 

Saturd i o [ 1 1 ] I went to Muster I rode with J Brantly on our 
return we got plenty of Hucclebarys and black barys 

Sunday 1 1 [ 1 2 ] I spent the Day in reading most of it with John 
Lloyd Clerk to Wm A Dunham we have made a practice of reading 
or Siphering every Night until late bed time this week past 

Monday 12 [13] I bought of Robert powers 10 Hides for 9.00 
cents - I worked in the yard ground bark 

Teusday 13 [14] I laid away fat of leather No 4-42 sides 2 horse 
sides 5 calf Skins 13 Deer Skins 

Wednesd 14 [15] I worked Some hides Stufed a Saddle for Dctr. 
Salmon and Did Different things about the yard 

Thursd 15 [16] I Put in barck 8 sides 48 Deer Skins or bits - 
I went over to Butlers Isleand I got 100 feet of plank delivered by 
my Brother I have in all 2,00 feet 

Frida 16 [17] I ground bark laid away vatt 3 [33?] - 44 sides i 
Deer Skin 

Saturd 1 7 [ 1 8 ] I went up to my Cornfield worked in the forenoon 
I returned did some work in the yard 

Sunda 18 [19] Brother Roswell went in the Stage to Savannah - 
John Cuningham is very unwell has been for some Weeks it [is] 
supposed He will not live many Days Mrs Holzendorf is unwell 
I This day had an opportunity of perusing some of Wm, A Dunhams 
books his libra [ry] is not large but has a number of good Books 
suitable to my taste My intent has been for a Number of years to 
git Knoledge by reading The most of my time has ever been taken 
up in Laborious exercise except Sunday which I commonly Devote 
to reading and writing 

Aionda 19 [20] I worked in the yard put some Deer Skins in Stuff 

Teusday 20 [21] I worked in the yard took up fat leather No. 6 - 
50 Sides and some Skins I ground bark 

Wednes 21 [22] I laid away vatt No. 6-57 Sides 2 Calf Skins 
I Deer Skin laid away 48 Deer skins and i Bear Skin in a hoggshead - 
took out of the lime 40 Sides i calf Skin 4 Deer Skins John Coldyers 
young Child Died - John Cuningham'^^ Died a few hours after with 
the Consumption He has lived in Darien about 5 Months He has 
left a Wife and a Son to lement him 

Thursd 22 [23] I worked in the field hoed corn Stephen worked 
in the yard unhairing hides - I went to the buring of J Cuningham 

Friday 23 [24] I Hoed Corn Stephen also 

Saturd 24 [25] I Hoed Corn Stephen worked in the yard 

67 



Sunday 25 [26] Cyphering and Reading took up most of the Day 

Monday 26 [27] I worked in the yard 

Teusday 27 [28] I worked in the yard worked Hides 

Wednes 28 [29] I worked hides Put in bark 40 Sides i Calf Skin 
4 Deer Skins into vatt No. 2 

Thursda 29 [30] I began to hill up my corn 

[July 1803] Friday 30 [i] I Skived leather put in stuff 6 Sides 
leather 

July Saturd 2 I Skived leather 

Sunday 3 I Went to Barington With John Lloyd by the way of 
Norman AlcDanolds I had no other business than to accompany Mr 
Loyd He did his business with Mr Harper we returned by Capt 
Fulton's Stoped thare a few moments left thare came down as far 
as Mr. Rays He gave us a late Diner we got home about 8 O. C. in 
the evening 

Monday 4 The Day of American Independence the day was 
celebrated by some of the in inhabitants of Darien 16 guns were fired 
in the morning I have previously been warned to a Battalion muster 
to appear at Mcintosh Courthouse on this Day by order of Major 
Muntfort [Montfort] I accordingly went but nothing was done 
through the Neglect of the Officer 

Teusday 5 I worked in the yard 

Wednesd 6 I took out of the lime 40 Sides i Calf Skin 

Thursda 7 I laid away in vatt No i - 40 Sides i Calf 52 Deer Skins 
I also worked the hides 

Friday 8 I hired Wm Kidd and his Negro Ben at 2 Dollars pr Day 
and found [for] the Negro Kidd worked part of the Day I worked 
part of the Day in the yard - I went to Butlers I went to Butlers 
Isleand with my Brothers Roswell and Thomas I saw Thomas' wife 
the first time He was Married last June to Sally Meers of St Marys 
She appears to be an agreeable Person and about 18 years of age 
I am informed She is a native of Hartford Connecticut 

Saturd 9 Kid worked Part of the Day I worked in the yard 
We had a shower of rain 

Sunday 10 I read Doct Rush'es Essay - Mrs Holzendorf John L K 
Holzendorfs Wife is very ill of a consumptive complaint - Wm A 
Dunham left Darien for New Providence Sloop George [,] Russell 
Fowler Master laden with Cattle 

Monda 1 1 I worked in the yard Kidd worked part of the day 
Shaveing board his Negro worked in the field 

Teusday 12 I worked in yard Kidd worked at Weather boarding 
part Day 

68 



Wedne 13 My two Brothers and thare wifes came to Darien - 
I wrote to Erastus Parks [at] St Marys - I put in bark 40 Sides i Calf 
Skin in vatt No 2 

Thursd 14 I worked in the yard - I went to Butlers Isleand after 
board and plank Stayed all night with my Brothers 

Friday 15 I shaved leather - Mrs. Holzendorf Died^^ about half 
past 7 O. C. in the morning She was unwell some months 

Saturday 1 6 I worked in the yard - Atended the burying at 5 O. C. 
Mr. Jones Read the ceremony at the grave - at evening I went to 
Mr Holzendorfs Mrs Sturling and her Daughter was thare they had 
been thare constantly some Days before her Death - Her Husband 
bore the loss with great fortitude and her Father still greater 
Thus we see that sudden Deaths are the Most greiveous 

Sunday 17 I spent the Day in reading and Writing 

Monday 18 I Worked in the Tan yard Put up Scaffold in order 
to Shingle my shop - Kidd worked at covering the Shop 

Teusday 19 Four almost finished shingleing the Shop 

Wedn 20 I finished shingling the Shop Benjamin Edward began 
to work with me and is to be paid in work again He worked at the 
windowsheters [window sheathes?] Kidd worked with him I made 
one window sheter and worked some in the yard 

Thursd 21 I bought of Mr Merritt 4 Hides 20 Deer skins price 
of the whole $ 1 1 Dollars an fifty Cents I also bought of Mr Harden 
by Mr Hoges 15 Hides from Fort James I Sent in return 9 pr Shoes 
and one Side Soalleather - price of shoes and leather 16 Dollars 
Edwards and Kidd worked at the windows and Door 

Friday 22 I worked Hides Kidd and Edward hung the Door and 
windows 

Saturda 23 I Helped Mr Edward about a wharf he is building 
for Wm. A Dunham I worked some in the yard 

Sunday 24 I did some writing I Read some in Rushe's Essays 

Aionday 25 I worked in the yard 

Teusday 26 I worked in the yard Put in bark 18 sides and 2 skins 
Benjm. Edwards worked for me laying the upper floor in the Shop 
which He agreed to do for 3 Dollars 

Wednesd 27 I Wrote a few lines to Parks at St Marys I worked 
some in the yard 

Thursda 28 I worked in the yard 

Friday 29 I built a temporary chimney to my Shop 

Saturd 30 I worked some in the yard worked some at laying 
the floor of the Shop 

69 



Sund 31 I finished reading Rushe' Essay I esteem the principle 
work of the book it is also wrote in an easy stile 

August [ 1 803 ] Mondy i I worked in the yard 

Teusday 2 I worked in the yard Took out of the lime 20 sides 

Wed 3 I worked in the yard Laid away fat No 2 I Reced a 
letter from E Russell at Poughkeepsie 

Thursd 4 I put in bark 20 Sides of Soalleather made a Bridle 

Frida 5 I worked in the yard Laid away Vatt No 3-20 Sides 

Saturday 6 I worked in the yard 

Sunday 7 I Sent a letter to E Russell Stating to him the prospect 
of Sadling & Shoemakin in Darien 

Monda 8 I worked in the yard 

Teusday 9 I Worked in the yard Put in bark 42 Deer Skins 

Wedne 10 I began to courry some uper leather Stephen returned 
from St Simons with one Jug of oil 

Thursda 11 I worked at Courring [and] in the yard also 

Friday 1 2 I cut out 5 pair bootlegs worked some in the yard 

Saturd 13 I took out of the lime 34 Sides 

Sunday 14 I Read John Adam's Defence wrote some &c 

Monday 15 I worked in the yard The people in general worked 
on the Public road repairing bridges and Cosways 

Teusday 16 I was not very well - troubled with a rheumatick 
complaint - I Rode out on the Road to see the repairs &c I Stayed 
all Night at Mrs Sturlings 

Wedned 17 In the morning I returned to Darien - Stephen went 
to work on the road I worked some in the yard unwell with the 
Rheumatism 

Thursday 18 I went on the road in the morning returned home 
worked some in the yard 

Friday 19 I worked in the yard Stephen came off the road after 
working 3 Days 

Saturday 20 I laid away leather vatt No i vatt No 3 

Sunday 21 We Had large showers of rain I spent some part of 
the Day in reading 

Monday 22 I worked in the yard Turned vat of leather No 4 

Teusday 23 I worked in the yard 

Wednes 24 I worked in the yard Turned fat leather No 2 

Thursday 25 I Put in Stuff 13 Deer Skins 3 Calves Skins Wm. 
A Dunham returned from Nassau 

Friday 26 I made a pair of Shoes for Myself 

Saturd 27 I mad[e] a pair for Stephen - I Setled with Jeremiah 

7n 



Brandy found Due to him 64.12 '/4 Cents - one year this Day since 
I went to board with him 

Sunday 28 I finished reading the first vollum of John Adams's 
Defence a Book wrote on pohticks of Foren Nations 

Monday 29 I worked in the yard 

Teusday 30 I worked in the yard 

Wedne 31 I worked in the yard Bror. Roswell came in the 
Stage from Savannah John Lloyd went in the mail Boat to St Marys - 
I was fined 7 Dollars for not working on Roads 

September [1803] Thursda i I began to gether my fodder the 
weather was good 

Friday 2 I worked in the yard gethered some fodder 

Saturd 3 I worked in the yard Brot home some fodder - a large 
shower of rain in the afternoon 

Sunday 4 I spent the Day in reading The flower of History or 
the Anchient History of Greese & Rome 

Monday 5 I worked in the yard 

Teusday 6 I worked in the yard Brott home all my fodder which 
was in all about 400 wt. 

Wedn. 7 I worked for Mr Dunham making garden fence 

Thursd 8 I worked for Mr Dunham at the fence 

Friday 9 I worked for Mr Dunham at the fence 

Saturd 10 I worked for Mr Dunham at the fence and finished it 
A-luch rain feel [fell] about these Days. 

Sunday 1 1 I went to Mr Whites with Mr Brantly It rained most 
of the Day very hard 

Monday 12 I shaved leather 

Teusday 13 I worked in the yard 

Wedn 14 I worked in the yard I Settled with Stephen A4onday 
He fell in my Debt 2.87 Yz cents Stephen went to St Marys 

Thursday 15 I worked in the yard 

Friday 16 I worked in the yard 

Satur 17 Thare was a Sailor landed or Sot on shore bv Capt. 
Robertson of the Schooner York yesterday the Sailor Complained 
of being hurt by a fall some Day previous He dyed this morning 
about 8 O. C. Thare was a Jury held I was one It is supposed the 
Man (his Name is Not known any more than Tom) died a natural 
Death or rather an accidental one - This Statement is wrong it was 
the 1 1 Inst 

Sunday 18 Jeremiah Brantly left here for Savannah I read some 
in morses Georgraph 

Monday 19 James Prichard and myself jointly bought of 

71 



Elizabe[tlh Cooppcr and Patsy Keating that house now ocopied 
by Wm Shield for the sum of one Hundred Dollars Wm A Dunham 
wrote the bill of Sale and witnessed the Same - Rain all day 

Teusday 20 We made Some repairs on the house or made good 
the damage done last Saturday Night - principally by Benjamin 
Edwards He tore off about 15 or 20 Clabboards and nocked down 
the windows 

Wedn 21 I worked some in the yard Br Roswell was at Darien 

Thursd 22 I worked some in the yard 

Frid 23 I worked at Shoes 

Saturd 24 I worked at Shoes and made some prepareations for 
house keeping 

Sunday 25 James Prichard and my Self began to keep house as 
it is called hireing Elizabeth Cooper at one Dollar pr. Week to Dress 
our Victtuals and wash for us 

Monday 26 I began to gether my Com to prevent its being de- 
stroyed by the Nabours horses 

Teusda 27 I gethered com brought home 2 load in Mrs Cuning- 
ham ['s] horse Cart 

Wedn 28 I finished the Corn - Mr Webb having I third part & 

Thursda 29 I did some work for Mr Dunham on his Wharf 

Friday 30 In the morning about 4 o. c. I got up in order to go at 
work the moon being about 3/4 of one hour high in the west it shone 
bright a dark cloud being over head and in the East threatening 
rain the light of the Moon formed a compleete rainbow this was a 
curiosity I never saw before Nor never read of the like - '^'^ I worked on 
W A Dunhams Wharf 

July [September] Thursd 21 I also bought of Mr Harden by Mr 
Hoges 15 Hides from Fort James - I sent back in return 9 pr Shoes 
and one Side of Soalleather the whole amount of Shoes and leather 
16 Dollars 

Miss Wrote 

October 1803 Saturd i I worked on Mr Dunhams Wharf Re- 
markable high Tides at this time 

Sunday 2 This Day was the highest [tide] I ever knew in Darien 
I put a high water mark on a sweet Gum Bush Standing in the 
Wharf of Wm Dunham 

Monda 3 Was General Election for the State of Georgia - in 
Mcintosh County was Elected as members Thomas Spalding Senator 
George Bailie Representative'^^ - I Did not attend I Did not attind 
the election — 1 finished Wm Dunhams Wharf 

72 



Teusda 4 I went into the woods got some Slepers for my Shop 
and hailed part of them to the Shop 

Wedn 5 I Hailed some Clabboard for Wm Shield and the re- 
mainder of my timber to the Shop I hired Abrahams Powels Horse 
one Day for to Do the hailing I gave him 2 Bushels of ears Corn pr. 
Day 

Thursday 6 I sold to Daniel Holstien 30 Hides at 125 pr piece 8 
Small Hides or Skins at 62 '/2 pr piece I went over to Butlers Island 
saw my Brother Rosw[ell] - stayed all Night 

Friday 7 I stayed till after Diner returned to Darien - Bought 
of Robert Powers 4 Hides 

Saturd 8 I helped Wm. Shields lay a floor to his house 

Sunday 9 I spent the Day in writing & Reading I had some 
difficulty with Stephen my apprintice &c 

Monda 10 In the Morning I had some talk with Stephen concerning 
his conduct He appeared to be Sorry for What had past &c I worked 
at layin a floor in the Shop Moreover I promised Stephen if He 
would behave himself I would learn him to read if he wished he 
answered in the affirmative after some debate I told him unless he 
left off to use bad language It would be of no Service to him 

Teusda 1 1 I went to Sapelo to buy Hides and sell Shoes &c also an 
arrant from John Lloyd to Doct. Salmon 

Wednesd 12 I Salted a beef that James Prichard brought down 
the River last Night for him and myself - I finished the uper floor 
to the Shop - bought 10 Hides a letter from George King 

Thursda 13 I leathered a Sursingle [surcingle] for Mr Ray dug 
a dreen [drain] for Wm Dunham back Sid[e] of his Store 

Friday 14 I made some prepareations to go up the River Did 
some work about the yard 

Saturd 15 I started with the fat [flat] Stephen & miself after my 
bark got up above pine Island Stayed till Sunday morning 

Sunda 16 I got up as far Mr Linders I Stayed thare Sunday Night 

Monday 17 In the morning I cleared Road to my bark I got 4 
Hands from Mr Liles to help me I got about 2/3ds of my bark in the 
flat 

Teusday 18 I got the remainder of the bark in the flat - Mr Liles 
charged me 50 cents pr Day for his hands which amounted to 300 cs 
I Sold him one pr. Shoes at 1 2 5 cents - I Started for Darien 

Wedn. 19 Early in the morning I got home - I got out abou[t] 
one half of my bark into the tan house it rained some 

Thursd 20 I got it all into the tan house 

Frida 2 1 I began to dig Shells for a lime Kiln 

73 



Saturd 22 I laid the foundation for a lime Kiln in Webbs field and 
dug some Shells and began pileing them it rained I Shaved leathe[r] 
in the afternoon - I engaged to James Nephew'''^ 60 pr. Negro shoes 

Sunda 23 It rained some The wind blew hard from N. E. I wrote 
and Read some I went to Butlers Isleand Stayed all Night Doctr. 
Rogers went and returned with me Daniel Shermon has been for 4 
or 5 Months allmost blind dct Rogers last Friday made an incision 
on one of his eyes 

Monday 24 I returned from the Isleand The Doctr. with me 

Teusda 25 I worked in the Shop made one pair of Shoes Sowed 
them with a leather string sold them to Mr Parks at one Dollar 

Wedn 16 I worked in the Shop at Shoes 

Thursda 27 I worked in the Shop Stufed a saddle for Doer. 
Salmon made a cloth for it - 

Frida 28 I bought a saw of Elizabeth Couper I gave her one 
Dollar for it I Sawed some boards for the Shop floor & began to 
lay it 

Saturd 29 I worked at the floor all Day Fine pleasant weather 

Sunday 30 I Spent the Day in writing & Reading &c 

Mond 31 I worked laying my Shop floor - In the afternoon I 
went up the river in a flat after Com for Wm. Dunham 

[November 1803] Teusday i About 10 O. C. in the morning I got 
up to Liles's - Where I was to receive the Com We divided the Com 
and loaded the flat - The whole Crop of Com and the Division as 
follows The whole 354 '/4 Bushels 

Put in the flat 259 bhuls [bushels] 

Left for use 18 Vz Do 

Used before 21 Do 

Benjamin Liles's share 56 Do 

This is an estimation of Shelled Corn 

I started for Darien with 6 Hands aboard 

Wedn 2 I got home early in the morning Slept some part of the 
Day 

Thurd 3 I worked at my shop floor 

Frid 4 I made a pair of shoes for Mr. Webb - Worked some 
at the Shop floor 

Saturd 5 I worked some in the yard 

Sund 6 I did read some in Johnathan Mayhew's Sermons Last 
Night out of the few Inhabitants of Darien was two Deaths - one 
was Margaret Wilson a young Woman She died at Abraham Powels 
I went to her buring The other was an infant female of Wm. A. 
Dunhams - I had a light fit of the ague 

74 



Monda 7 I worked in the yard - in the middle of the Day I had 
the fever that is common in this Country 

Teusd 8 I went to work in the yard in the Middle of the Day 
I was taken with a violent fever and head ache I lay in bed about 
4 hours 

Wedn 9 I went to work in the yard Drank frely of porter and 
had a light touch of the fever 

Thursd 10 I worked in the yard laid away fat No i - 54 Sides 
flesh up 3d lay or - I had no fever 

Frida 1 1 I worked in the Shop at Courring 

Satud 12 I worked in the Shop at Courring - Last Wednesday 
Elizabeth Couper went up the River with Mr Crane I paid her 
her wagers which amounted to 6.50 cents the same Day we hired 
John Hustens wench Cloe at one Dollar pr. Week 

Sund 1 3 I went to Doboy after oysters James Prichard went with 
me we returned with a boat load of oysters 

Monda 14 I worked some at Curring 

Teusd 15 I worked in the yard and Some at Courring 

Wedn 16 I worked a[t] Curring 

Thursd 17 I worked at Shoes 

Frida 18 I worked at Shoes 

Saturd 19 I worked at Shoes I finished a pair for my self 

Sunday 20 I went up the Alatamaha [River] with George Street^'' 
hunting of ducks we killed four and returned about sun set 

Monday 21 I curried some worked some in the yard took out of 
lime 48 Deer Skins 2 Dog Skins one wolf Skin 

Teusd 22 I worked in the yard and Some at Shoe making 

We. 23 Wednesday I worked at Courring I wrote to Thomas 
my Bro- for a jug of Oil 

Thursd 23 [24] I worked in the yard some 

Friday 24 [25] I courried most of the Day 

Saturd 25 [26] I worked at curring 

Sunday 26 [27] I went over to Butlers Isleand to Roswell my 
Brother and Dined with him and returned to Darien 

Monda 28 I worked in the yard put in bark 38 Deer Skins 2 Dog 
Skins one wolf skin James Prichard I[s] now very sick Henery 
Green also 

Teusda 29 Prichard apply ed to Doct. Plyme for medicine 

Wedn 30 Prichard Died about one O. C. P.M. From Sunday 
Morning untill his Death Nothing that he took would Stay on 
his s[t]omach even one Spoonfull of water would vomit him 

December [1803] Thursday i He was buried in the common 

75 



buring [g] round of Darien Jacob Furgison made his Coffin Prichard 
and myself from the 25 Septm. lived togeather and keeped house 
He was a man that Drank freely and Died Insolvent - Henery Green 
Died^'^ at Jerimiah Brantly about 8 O. C. this evening the supposed 
complaint was an abscess on the lungs He was Sick about 2 Weeks 

Friday 2 He was buried at about 4 O. C. P.M. For 3 Day[s] past 
I have done but little 

Satur 3 I worked some at Curring and some at Shoes 

Sunday 4 I wrote to my Brother George at Sharon the contents 
were chiefly Concerning my own affairs 

Mond 5 I worked at Shoemaking 

Teusd 6 I worked at Shoemaking - Put in bark 40 Sides 

Wedn 7 I worked at Shoemaking 

Thursd 8 I worked at Shoemaking 

Friday 9 I worked at Shoemaking 

Saturd 10 I worked at Courring I hailed some wood 

Sunda 1 1 I Read some in Morse's geography Wrote some 

Mond 12 I Dug up some Stumps near the tan yard 

Teusday 13 I worked [at] Shoe making 

Wednes 14 I worked Some at Shoemaking and Some at Curring 

Thursd 15 I worked at courring Sold to Daniel Holstien 40 
Hides at 1,25 cents 

Friday 16 I worked at Courring 

Saturd 17 I Made some raw hide whips 

Sunday 18 I went with George Street a hunting We dined at 
Mr Coles 

Monday 19 I worked at Shoemaking Made a pair for Wm. Mc- 
Danold 

Teusday 20 I Shaved leather 

Wed 21 I oiled some leather worked some at Shoe making 

Thursd 22 I worked some at Shoe making 

Friday 23 I worked at Shoe making 

Saturd 24 I worked about the yard 

Sunday 25 Crimus [Christmas] I went to St Simons Dined with 
my Brother his Family well &c 

Monda 26 I went to Frederica on horse back on my return I went 
[by] Mr Coupers^^ Dined with Mr Parks and returned back to my 
Brothers 

Teusda 27 Went to Mr. Coupers and then returned back again 
to my Brothers Mr Parks with me We Dined thare but not with 
him He and his wife and A4iss Taylor Went to Mr Coupers at a 
Ball appointed After Diner I Started for Darien Mr. Parks with me 

76 



We Stoped at Butlers Island Stayed all Night with Capt Shermon 

Wednes 28 In the morning I went home at Darien Mr Parks 
went no farther I left him at Capt Shermons - I gave Stephen one 
week 

Thursd 29 I went to work in the yard 

Friday 30 I worked at Shoemaking made 2 pr. 

Satur 31 I worked in the yard Much rain about these Days 

Jan[uary] 1804 Sund i Was a pleasant Day - thare has been but 
3 frosts this Autim and Winter 

Mond 2 I Worked in the Shop made 4 Halters I have resolved 
to trust no person this year on Book Account and not to tan on 
Shares In my Opinion it is an imprudent thing for Merchants or 
Mecanicks to give Credit in this Country Thare is a number of 
Sole vagabonds that git thare living by Swindling or rather by 
runing in Debt without an intention to pay &c - This Country 
differs from many others The inhabatants are generally liberal and 
a Man well dressed passes for a Gentleman with out further ac- 
quaintance - 

Teusd 3 I Shaved Deer Skins - I wrote 3 letters one to Coin 
Robert Reed Butler County to the Care of John Reed Pittsburgh 
Pensylvania - another to Mr Settles on Cumberland Island Concerning 
a Cannoe of mine and one to Wm Roberts requesting him to Settle 
a Small Note Ammount 14.25 Cents 

Wedn 4 I Shaved Deer Skins - I wrote to my Brother Roswell 
informing him [of] my immediate want of Money 

Thurs 5 I worked in the Shop made and repaired Ieath[er] work 
for the Stage for Capt Twining 

Friday 6 I worked some part of the Day at Shoe making 

Satu 7 I worked at Shoe making 

Sunday 8 I Spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monday 9 I \^'orked at Courring put some leather in Stuff 

Teusda 10 I helped Rossetter and Street Raise a Dwelling house 
Wedn 1 1 I worked at Couring & cutting out Harnness 

Thur 12 I worked in the Shop Made 2 Collets Patsy Keating 
went to Mr Rays to See her Sister - 

Friday 1 3 I worked at Shoes 

Satu 14 I worked in the yard - Cold Day 

Sund 15 I Receivd from Roswell King an order on Hunter & 
Minus [Minis] Savannah for 100 Dollars payable Ten Days after 
Sight - I Reckened with Rossetter & Street fell in Debt to them 
about 75 Dollars 

Mond 16 I worked in the yard 

77 



Teusda 17 1 worked in the yard ground bark 

Wedn 18 I worked in the yard laid away fat No 4-60 Sides ist 
layor 

Thur 19 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Friday 20 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Satur 21 I finished laying My Shop floor - Jonson from New- 
london came to Darien with Shoes and Saddles for Sale Stored them in 
my Shop 

Sunday 22 I read some got my horse and rode a Short Distance 

Monda 23 I worked in the Shop at Couring blacked leather &c 

Teusd 24 I went Down to the three Mile cut to Pilate up Mr 
Harfords vessel the Seahorse commanded by Capt Griffing 

[Wed] 25 I[n] the Morning I got within one Mile of Darien 
I left the vessel came home Laid a way fat No 5 the 3d layor 

Thursd 26 I sot a Hme Kiln on fire I went up beyond Mr Webbs 
with a horse cart brot home a load of old bricks to build a Shop 
Chimney 

Frida 27 I brot home annother load of brick mended harness for 
Capt. Twining worked some at Curring 

Satd 28 I worked at Curring 

Sund 29 I Went a hunting with Capt. Griffing 

Monday 30 I worked at Curring 

Teusday 31 I worked at curring 

Febru [1804] Wedn i I worked at Shoe makeing 

Thursd 2 I began to build a Chimney to my Shop I Dud [Dug] 
up old bricks for the purpose in Mr Mcintosh's old field Some Days 
past Mr. [blank] Allen Died^^ in Darien with the pleuricy or Pleuritic 
complaint 

Friday 3 I went to the buring - Fleshed Some hides 

Satur 4 I worked at my Chimney 

Sunday 5 I formed a Small acquaintance with Thomas Maxwell 
Mate of the Schooner Sea Horse with a privelige of perusing Some 
of his books 

Monda 6 I worked at my Chimney 

Teusd 7 I worked at my Chimney in the forenoon and afterwards 
worked hides 

Wedn 8 I worke[d] in the Shop at Shoes 

Thurs 9 I worked in the Shop at Shoes Did some work in the yard 

Friday 10 I put in bark 6 sides 4 Kip skins - mended the Stage 
Harness fo[r] Capt Natl. Twining 

Satu II Turned vatt No 6 78 sides Flesh up - I Sot out Some 
jnions in my garden 

78 



Sunda 1 2 I Spent the Day in reading 

Monda 13 This is my hearth Day being twenty and five years 
old according to the record of my Father - Born Febu 13 - 1779 - 
I worked in the Shop at curring blacked Some thick upper leather 

Teusda 14 I worked at Courring blacked Some Deer Skin boot 
legs 

Wedn 15 I bought of Turner Ivy 450 lb of Pork Suitable for 
bacon at 8 Cents pr. lb. I washed it and hung itt up for driing 

Thurs 16 I worked at Cureing 

Frida 17 I worked at Curreing 

Satur 18 i Worked Curreing 

Sunda 19 I spent the Day in writing and reading 

Mond 20 I worked at Courring 

Teusda 2 1 I worked at Saddleing 

Wed 22 I worked at Saddleing 

Thurs 23 I worked a[t] Saddleing 

Friday 24 I worked at Saddleing 

Sata 25 I worked at Saddleing 

Sund 26 I wrote 4 Letters for Silas Johnson also Did some writing 
for myself 

Mond 27 I worked at Curring 

Tusda 28 I undertook to brake 2 Mules for Henery Harford 
They ware both young and very obstinate I had some Dificulty in 
catching them but at length got them tied - Accidintaly in the 
business I hurt my hand in So bad a manner that I was Not able to 
labour untill the 8th Day of March 

Wed 29 I went to Butlers Island with my Brother & Sister 
Stayed all Night Saw the rice Machine work 

March [1804] Thu i I returned from Butler Island and spent 
the remainder of the Day in reading and writing with my left hand 
the last of the two I preformed but poorly 

Frida 2 I Spent the Day much the Same as yesterday 

Saturd 3 I Spent as yesterday in reading &c - My hand appearantly 
grew worse I applyed to Doctr. Salmon for a Medicine he gave me 
a composition to anoint it with consisting of Camphor Spirits of 
Wine and Harts horn 

Sunda 4 I Went to Mr, Rossetter and Spent the time in reading 
very Cold weather for the Season 

Monday 5 I went to Sapelo Bridges with Mr Brantly - I went 
after Some horses that Strayed from Mr Rossetter I found them 
brought them home &c 

79 



Teusday 6 I was yet unable to work on the account of my lame 
hand my leasure time I occopied in reading 

Wedn 7 I Spent in the Same way 

Thursda 8 I began to Do a little work such a[s] cut out Shoes 

Frid 9 I did Some work of a light kind 

Satur lo I did Some work my hand [was] weak [and] not able 
to Do much 

Sunda 1 1 I had no other employmnet than reading and writing 

Mond 12 I cut out a harness for a horse cart for Mrs. Spalding 
but was unable to do anything more to it 

Teud 13 I worked Some at my yard fence 

Wed 14 I ground bark 

Thurs 15 I got some paleings [and] finished my yard fence 

Friday 16 I made Some repair on Mr Dunhams garden fence 
I am yet unable to Do any kind of labour that jars my hand 

Satu 17 I Did some writing 

Sund 18 I wrote a letter to Isaac Hunt [at] Sharon in answer to 
one I received yesterday Dated 17th Feb The weather is cold for 
the Season 

Mond 19 I went to work at some collers for Mr Harfords Mules 
my hand being yet lame I Sowed them with a leather String 

Teusd 20 I finished them worked some on a Harness for Mrs 
Spalding sowed it in the same way 

Wed 21 Wm Gibbs came up from St. Simons took possession 
of that house which I bought in Moi[e]ty with James Prichard the 
19th Sept 1803 Prichard Dying the 30th of Novm following left 
me in posesion of the house I rented it at 3 Dollars pr. month - I 
made some Gin bands for Mr Henery Harford His gin was Set a going 
for the first time 

Thursd 22 I altered the gin bands the gin was Started he had 
my horse to use with his Mules - I made a window and Shelter to the 
Shoemaker Shop Chamber 

Frida 23 I worked some at Harness 

Saturd 24 I Did some work about the Shop cut out Some Shoes 

Sunday 25 I spent some part of the Day in reading I sold a 
Cannoe to Fredc Suttle for $8.00 payable in thirty Days 

Mond 26 I hired a Man John Bowth [Booth] a taner for 2 Days 
I settled with Wm A Dunham found my self Due to him $194.01 i4 
I gave him my Note paiable in six Months 

Teusd 27 I cut out Some Shoes Mr Brailsford^^ sent a Negro 
Boy to me on trial as a Shoemaker the Boy Antony has but one leg 

Wedn 28 I employed John Bwoth for one month to work at 

80 



the taning business at i6 Dollars pr. Month Turned fat No 5-80 
Sides for the last layor 

Thursd 29 I worked Courring and Did some work in the yard 

Friday 30 Turned vatt No i, 54 sides the 5th Layor 

Saturd 31 Turned vatt No 6 78 sides i Kip skinn - Made preparea- 
tions to peal Bark groun[d] my axes &c 

April [1804] Sunday i I wrote a letter to my Sister Catherine 
King an answer to one received Friday last from her. She wrote me 
an animadvartive letter accusing me of keeping a bad house and other 
bad conduct with unjust reproof concerning the Keating Guirls 

Mond 2 I went to pealing Bark on Horse Creek with Mr Hampden 
Mcintoshes libirty - At Night I reproved Stephen for his miscon- 
duct Some of which had been very offensive to me I told him that 
he Stayed with me no longer than during good behaviour and that 
he must go to Roswell King to whom he is bound that I had no 
power to correct only to advise him Stephen is a molatter bom 
free and bound to my Brother posessed of a revengefuU disposition 
and a profane tunge 

Teusda 3 Stephen wint to my Brother at St. Simons - I went 
into the woods to peal Bark with Mr Bwoth the weather forebode 
rain 

Wedn 4 I went into the woods to peal Bark It began to rain about 
10 O. C. and we left off work in the wood and did some work in the 
yard Stephen returned from St. Simons and sea[m]ed willing to confess 
his faults I was willing to take him back on certain conditions of 
good behaviour which I intend to propose to my Brother the first 
opportunity 

Thus 5 I sent Stephen with Mr Booth into the wood but did not 
go my self I worked at Curring It began to rain and they returned 
from the wood 

Friday 6 I worked in the Shop at Harness 

Saturd 7 I worked in the Shop at Harness went to Butlers Island 
with Bro. Roswell and Capt Waye 

Sunda 8 I returned home Capt Shermon eat Dinner with me 

Mond 9 I made some prepareations for hailing bark proped up 
the tan house 

Teusda 10 I began to hall bark I hailed 4 load 

Wedn 1 1 I hailed 4 load 

Thursd 12 I hailed 3 load 

Friday 13 I hailed 3 load 

Saturday 14 I hailed 2 load of bark 



Sunday 1 5 I read sum returned a book of Mr Gibb's Blairs Sermons 

a very good book 

Monday 16 I Hailed bark 4 load 

Teusday 17 I hired Abraham Powels horse to hall bark I hailed 

4 load 

Wedn 18 I hailed 4 load of Bark 

Thurs 19 I hired Allen Powels horse to hall bark I hailed 4 load 

Frida 20 I hailed i load It began to rain I worked Some in the Shop 

Saturda 21 It rained I worked at my wharf 

Sunday 22 I went in a Sailing Boat Down to Mr Coles with 

Mr Freland & Mr Rogers 

Mond 23 I worked at currieing Shaved some green Skins 

Teusd 24 I hailed 3 load of bark with Allen Powels Mare 

Wed 25 I settled with John Booth for a Months labour I worked 

Some in the yard 
Thur 26 I hailed 3 load of bark 

Frida 27 I worked at Currieing put in S[t]uff 20 Deer Skins 
Sata 28 I hailed 2 load of bark and did some work about the yard 
Sund 29 I Spent the Day in reading 
Mon 30 I hailed 4 load of bark 

May [1804] Teusd i It rained I worked in the Shop 
Wed 2 It Did not rain Much I worked in the Shop Most of the day 
Thur 3 I hailed 4 load of bark 

Frida 4 I hired Mr Harford horse I hailed 4 load of bark 
Satu 5 I worked in the Shop cover [ed] an old Saddle - 
Sund 6 I read Most of the Day in a Philosophical Dictionary 
Mond 7 I worked in the Shop put a pad to a Saddle 
Teusday 8 It rained I have now about 4 Cord of bark out Standing 

by the trees - I Did Some work in the yard worked at currieing 
Wed 9 I took out 10 Sides of Soaleather worked some at courring 
Thursd 10 Put in bark 15 Sides i Kip Skin 10 Deer Skins I Bor- 
rowed of Mr Gibbs Morse's universal geography 

Friday 1 1 I hailed i load of bark I found it too wet to hall 

Satd 12 I Did some work in the yard Gound one mill full of bark 

Sund 1 3 I went to Mr Rays got Some mulburys 

Monda 14 I worked Some in the Shop I hailed 2 load of bark 

Teusd 15 I worked in the yard I hailed i load of bark - 

Wedn 16 I hailed 3 load of bark It rained some - 

Thur 17 I hailed 2 load of Bark Did some work in the Shop 

Frida 18 I hired Allexander Powels^^ Horse I hailed 4 load of bark 

Satur 19 I finished hailing all the bark pealed was one load 

I have almost forgot to mention that last Sunday Night the House 

82 



in Darien belonging to the estate of Elam Thornton caught fire and 
was burnt 

Sund 20 I spent most of the Day in reading Morse's geography 

Mond 21 I worked some in the yard took out of the lime 14 Sides 
I Kip skin 3 Deer Skins 

Teusd 22 I worked some in the yard and some in the Shop 

Wedn 23 Laid away fatt No 4 60 Sides grain up 

Thurs 24 Laid away fat No i 54 Sides 

Friday 25 Laid away fat No 6 F[a]t up 76 Sides the 5th layor - 
My Brother Roswell and his wife came to Darien I did some work 
for Mr Harford 

Satur 26 I keep as a hallowday I went fishing with Mr Rossetter 
we caught four trout - I went to his house and eat Super 

Sunday 27 I read in Morses geography 

Monda 28 I worked some in the yard I hailed 2 load of bark - 
My Brother went over to the Island 

Teusd 29 I worked some at currieing took out 8 Sides of Soalleather 

Wedn 30 I worked at Courrieing Put Sides in S[t]uff 

Thursd 31 I made a bridle for Mr Powers 

June [1804] Frida i I salted [?] a Saddle for Mr Powel 

Satur 2 I mad[e] a pad and worked Some in the yard laid a way 
in fat No 3-22 Sides and 20 Kip Skins 

Sunda 3 I went with Mr Johnson up to A'lr Rays and Dined thare 
it was remarkable warm 

Mond 4 I worked at Courring put my axes in order to go into 
the woods to peal bark 

Teuda 5 I went into the woods to peal bark Stephen complaining 
of being unwell I quit it - 

Wedn 6 I went a fishing with Mr Rossetter up Miner's Creek 
we cough [t] only 6 trout Shot one Duck and one poke skonk 

Thursd 7 I worked Some hides cut out some Shoes 

Fri 8 I took out of the lime 10 Sides unhaired them ground bark - 

Satur 9 I worked in the yard It is understood that Mr Hodge is 
to preach a sermon tomorrow the first that has been preached in 
Darien in 2 years 

Sund ID Mr Harford wanted me to go to St. Simons as a pilot 
on board the Schooner Betsy of Philadelphia Capt. Marrchew Master 
We took the tide and got into the three Mile cut 

Mond 1 1 at about i O. C. in the morning we got under way and 
arrived near Frederaca [Frederical at 2 O. C. P.M. I got a boat to 
return to Darien I Started in the evening an came to Darien that 
night 

83 



Teusd 12 I felt fatagued took a Knap of Sleep and afterwards 
went to work in the yard Put in bark loo Sides 

Wedn 13 I went to Sapelo on some business for Wm. A. Dunham 
concerning John Gormon and a Wench named Peggy in Gormons 
posession - I returned to Darien and did some work in the yard 

Thurd 14 I worked in the yard took out of the lime 10 Sides 

Frida 15 I worked and put in bark the above mentioned 10 Sides 

Satu 16 I worked in the yard Jacob Wood and Wm. A. Dunham 
Esqures requested me to Notify the inhabatants of this District to 
work on the roads and to appear the fourth Monday in July it being 
the 23d Day Which I agreed to Do. It exempts me from doing duty 
on the roads 

Sunday 17 I Spent most of the Day in reading in the afternoon 
I went up the river on a boat with Mr Rossetter and His Wife 
Mr Holzendorf & his Sister with some others we returned at about 
sun set 

Mond 18 I worked in the yard took out of the lime all of the 
hides and skins in number 12 Sides i Kip and 7 Deer skins I Do 
not expect to put any more hides in lime before the first day of 
Septr - Stephen has been Sick and unable to work ever since the 9th 
instant He has got the venerial Disorder and is now under the care 
of Doct Salmon 

Teusd 19 I worked in the yard 

Wedn 20 I worked in the yard I bought of Mr Rossetter a Bay 
Horse for which I agree [d] to give him Soalleather to the amount 
of 100 Hundred Dollars payable the first day of Next Septr the 
horse has three white feet and a small grey star in his forehead 

Thursd 21 I ground bark and did Some writing - last Thursday 
Mr Thomson came to work with Mr Johnson a[t] Shoe makeing 

Frida 22 I Did some writing I went up to Mr. Webbs 

Saturd 23 I worked some in the yard 

Sunday 24 Mr Hodge preached the Sermons in Darien I was at 
the meeting 

Monday 25 I went to Sapelo Bridge Summoned some people to 
work on the road I felt somewhat unwell I went to Mrs Sturlings 
Stayed all night 

Teusd 26 In the morning I went from thare to Mr Suttons from 
thare to Darien - I worked some in the yard - 

Wedn 27 I worked in the yard 

Thursd 28 I worked in the yard I ground bark 

Friday 29 I worked in the yard and Sot out Soalleather 

84 



Sat 30 Previous to this I have engaged to paint Mr Dunhams new 
house I worked some on the house at painting 

July [1804] Sunday i I Spent Some part of the Day in reading 

Monda 2 I w^orked some in the yard - 

Teusday 3 I went to big Sapelo Island to notify the people to 
work on the roads I stayed at Mr. Clarks all night 

Wedn 4 After doing my business with Mr. Clark I returned to 
Mr Mcintoshe's whare I had borrowed a cannoe to go to Sapelo 
I eat Dinner at Mr A4cintoshes and then returned to Darien It being 
the fourth Day of July or the Day of Independance of the United 
States of America according to Custom it was to be celebrated 
accordingly at it I went 

Thu 5 I went to work in the yard 

Frida 6 I worked in the yard - 

Satu 7 I worked some in the yard and worked some at painting 
on Mr Dunhams house 

Sunday 8 I went in company with Mathew Jones [ ? ] to Barring- 
ton or near thare I had some business to Do with Mr Harper & Walker 
I left thare about 3 O. C. P.M. and went to Mrs. Sturling Stayed all 
Night 

Monda 9 I left Mrs. Sturling's in the Morning I went to Wm. 
McDanold's [,] Moses Young's^^ Mr Ash's [,] Daniel Youngs & 
Murdoc McLeod and from thare to Mrs. Sturlings and took Dinner 
thare I also had one or two hours agreeable conversation with Miss 
Mary McDonald (a daughter of Mrs Sturlings) I have had some 
acquaintance with her before but never had so much conversation 
with her at one time I think she is a Woman of an unspoiled Car- 
riacter and of a very Mild Disposition I mite say more in her behalf 
but I Shall omit for the present I returned to Darien in the evening 

Teusda 10 I regulated my business in order to go up the river as 
far as Mr Linders to receive Some bark that they have pealed for me 
I went up in Mr Hardens boat 

Wed 1 1 I did not get to Mr Linders untill this morning I examined 
the bark they had got for me found somewhat Damaged but Did 
not like to complain to them of its badness for I had rather encourage 
bark pealing &c thare fore I put up with the loss Mr Linder has got 
about Six Cord of bark Mostly bay bark which I agreed to give him 
4 Dollars pr. cord Delivered on the bank of the river I left seven 
Dollars and a half with Mr Heartsuck a man that helped Mr Linder 
peal the bark Stayed all night at Jacob Linders 

Thursd 12 I returned to Darien in the afternoon I worked at 
painting on Mr Dunhams house 

85 



Friday 13 I worked at painting 

Saturday 14 I worked at painting 

Sunday 15 I went to Mr Colders with Mr Freland took Dinner 
thare and from thare we went to Mr Webbs from thare home to 
Darien 

Monday 16 I worked at painting Mr Dunhams house 

Teusday 17 I worked at painting 

Wedna 18 I worked at painting finished the sides and ends of Mr 
Dunhams house 

Thursd 19 I worked in the yard ground bark took up fat No 3 

Friday 20 I Laid away fat No 3 with about 20 Sides 20 Skins 

Saturda 2 1 I helped make a Sail for Mr Rossetter at evenig I went 
over to Butlers Island to see my Brother & Sister but they were a bed 
I stayed thare all night but did not sleep because the musketoes were 
so bad - 

Sunday 22 Early in the morning I left the Island and did not see 
my Brother or Sister and returned to Darien got my breakfast and 
went to my Sundays employment - I found by examination that Joseph 
Thomson a jumeman Shoemaker of Mr Johnsons had left his work 
and by making search found he had stole some thing - Mr Johnson 
being sick at this time and at Mr Coles I went to Johnson and after 
examining into the affair of Thomsons found that he had unlocked 
Johnsons chest and taken 10 Dollars in money and some clothes from 
Johnson and gone toward Savannah - He told me that he was 
Brother to John Thomson in New York an inspecter of Pot & Pearl 
Ash 

Monda 23 I worked some in the yard My Brother & Sister came 
over from Butlers Island the Negroes in this county began to work 
on the roads It rained in the afternoon 

Teusday 24 I ground bark it rained laid down some leather 

Wedn 25 I finished laying down 32 Sides i Kip 10 Deer Skins in 
fat No 5 first layor on top of some taned leather Also laid away in 
a Hoggshead about ten Deer Skins 3 bear Skins i Sheep Skin - I 
Shaved some leather 

Thursd 26 I put Sone leather in Stuff 

Frida 27 I worked at painting the roof of Mr Dunhams house 

Saturda 28 In the morning I went to see Mr Loyd who is at this 
time very ill He has been complaining since Sunday last his complaint 
is a Billions one - the Doer (Salmon) think [s] his case to be critical 
at about 11 O. C A.M. Mr Dunham told me that the Doctor has no 
expectation of Loyd's living I soon went to see him I found him 
much altered and to appearance but a Short time to live which 

86 



was truly the case He Dyed between 2 & 3 O. C. P.M. at Mr Dunhams 
in Darien He had no relations in this place He has told me that 
he was bom in Virginia in Mecklenburg County He has been living 
in Darien about one year and Nine Months with Mr Dunhams most 
of the time as a Clerk in the Store I had an opportunity of being 
well acquainted with him I allways found him boath ready and willing 
to oblige me - It is true he had his foibles which are common to those 
of his age - But in general gave Satisfation to his employer and 
had no Doubt a Desire to be boath punctual and honest But alas 
he is no more he is Dead and gone No kindred here to view his 
pleasant corps and mourn^^ 

Sunda 29 He was buried at about 7 o. c. A.M. He dyed with an 
inw^ard mortification and the Doctor thought it most proper to bury 
him in the morning - the corps was put into the Coffin last evening 
I sat up most of the night with Messrs Cray Respress Shavar and 
Capt Griffing - as the Custom is to watch with the Corps - after 
the buring was over I Spent Some part of the Day in reading and 
some part of the time I slept 

Monda 30 I worked at courreing 

Teusday 31 I worked at courring 

August 1804 Wednes i I sold to Daniel Holstien 38 Hides they 
all amounted to $43.50 I ground bark 

Thur 2 I [laid away] fat No 4-60 sides flesh up the fourth layer 

Frid 3 I cut out Some Shoes and did some work about the Shop 
as well as I remember we have had rain every Day this week 

Saturda 4 I t rained I Did but little work read Sum &c 

Sunda 5 I wrote 2 letters one to Mr McCall and one to Mr Settle 
boath on Cumberland Island concerning a Canoe 

Monday 6 I made a Shelf in my Courieing Shop put up a pair 
of Small Scales made Some weights 

Teusday 7 I made a pair of Stairs in the Currieing Shop worked 
some in the yard it [rained] Most of the day 

Wednes 8 This morning bid fare for a pleasant Day I may 
here observe that we have had rain every Day more or less 
of it for two weeks as the Day was likely to be fair I went to work 
at painting Mr Dunham's house But thare came up a Shower 
about on[e] O. C. P. M. and of cours [I] left off work - This Day 
thare has Died two elderly Men in this sickly place Mr Wm Holzen- 
dorf fifty-five years old Died at about 12 O. C. he has been unwell 
several A^onths with a dropsical complaint he has lived in Darien 
about 2 years and was much respected^^ - Coin. Abraham Thomas 
Died at about half past eleven O. C. P. M. with a billions complaint 

87 



and was unwell about 7 or 8 Days and I suppose was about 52 years 
old has lived in this place about 4 Months and kept a grocer Store 
I sat and nursed him the Night he Died and helped lay him out 
I sat up with the Corps untill morning^" 

Thursa 9 In the morning I lay down and got about one hours 
Sleep the bureing of Coin. Thomas was at about 11 O. C. I attended - 
The burying of Mr Holzendorf was at about 5 O. C. P.M. I also 
attended his buring and it was performed with Decency - Mr Rossetter 
with his wife and family and some others left here in a boat to spend 
a few Days on the Salt water and Sea beach Mr Rossetter being 
unwell at this time he requested me to sleep in his Store Nights 
during his absence accordingly I Did 

Frida 10 Was a rainy Day I Stayed in Store most of the Day 

Satu 1 1 I worked in the Shop made Some Halters Mr Rossetter 
returned and the others also - 

Sund 1 2 I spent most of the day in reading 

Monda 13 I finished painting the roof of Mr Dunham's house 
the side next to the River only 

Teusda 14 I went up above Mr Webbs whare formerly stood 
an old house and dug some bricks found but few and quit diging 

Wedn 15 I worked in the Shop at Saddleing 

Thursd 16 I worked in the Shop at Saddleing Mr Rossetter and 
3 or 4 Days for his health He left me the care of his Store 

Frida 17 I worked in the Shop Saddleing 

Saturda 18 I worked in the Shop at Saddleing 

Sunday 19 I rode with Mr Brantly to Mrs. Sturlings took Dinner 
thare 

Monday 20 I worked in the Shop at Saddling 

Teusda 21 I worked in the Shop - 

Wedne 22 I worked in the Shop - I wrote to my Brother Thomas 
at St. Mary's requesting him to send me Some buckles Saddle tacks 
and Shew threat [thread? ]in all to the amount of about 10 Dollars - 

Thursd 23 I worked in the Shop 

Friday 24 I worked in the Shop 

Saturd 25 John Hale came to live with me as an Apprentice 

and the indentures ware drawn after the following manner 

This Indenture made the twenty-fifth Day of August in the year of 
our Lord one thousand eight Hundred and four between William 
Ray as guardian for John Hale of A4cintosh County and State of 
Georgia one the one part and Reuben King of the Same State and 
County on the other part Witnesseth that the afforesaid William 

88 



Ray as Guardian for the said John Hale with his advise and vol- 
untary consent have put and placed the said John Hale an apprintice 
to the said Reuben King with him to dwell and serve from the Date 
of these presents for and during and unto the full end and term 
of Six years and Six Months during all which term the said Apprintice 
his Master faithfully Shall Serve in all lawful business according 
to his power and wit and ability - Honestly orderly and obediently 
and in all things well and truly conduct and demean himself as 
an apprintice - and the said Reuben King for himself his heirs 
executors and Administrators doath covenant promise and agree to 
and with the Said William Ray for the time being that he the Said 
Reuben King the Said apprintice in the art and mystery of a tanner 
and currier which he now useth Shall and will teach and instruct 
or cause to be taught and instructed in the best manner he can and 
shall and will during all the term aforesaid find provid[e] and allow 
unto the said apprintice good and sufficient meat drink and apparrel 
lodging and washing and all other things fit and nessary for an 
apprintice during the said term and at the end or experation thereoff 
will supply furnish and diliver unto the said John Hale Thurty Dollars 
Cash or to that amount in Qoathing I am also bound to give the 
said John Hale learning that is to lern him to read an write - As im 
[I am] determined to learn the boy I bought him a Spelling book 
and intend he shall read every day during his apprintice Ship Mr 
Dunham the Magistrate was not at home and the indentures wer[e] 
not signed 

Sunda 26 I spent the day in reading and writing 

Monda 27 I put in Soke about 12 Hides I worked in the shop at 
Saddling 

Teusday 28 I worked hides 

Wedn 29 I worked hides and put them in the lime 

Thurs 30 I worked in the Shop Seting out leather - Mr. Ray came 
to Darien we had the above indentures Signed and Sealed 

Frida 3 1 I worked some in the shop took up fat No 2 - supposed 
to be 33 Sides and 2 Kip skins 

Septer [1804] Saturd i I laid away fat No 2 supposed to be 33 
Sides and 2 Kip skins 2d. layor 

Sunday 2 I spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monda 3 I worked in the Shop and yard 

Teusd 4 I worked in the Shop at Courrieing 

Wedn 5 I Worked in the Shop 

Thursd 6 I worked in the Shop 

Frida 7 I worked in the yard and Some in the Shop 

89 



Saturd 8 I worked in the yard it rained very hard but my work 
\^'as such that I was obliged to work in the rain the wind blew from 
N an[d] N.E. about twelve O. C. the wind increased and blew very 
hard about 2 O. C. it threatened destruction to all the houses in Darien 
it Still increased broke and blew up trees tore of[f] the roofs of 
Some Small houses and others blew down at about 4 O. C. the wind 
abated and the Storm appeared to be nearly over but in about 30 
Minnutes the Mdnd shifted in to the S. E. and blew more violent 
than before and to appearance bid total Destruction - The tide at Sun 
Set was four feet higher than it was ever Known before at which time 
it aught to have been more than half ebb - My tan house blew down 
at about Sun Set and every thing seamed to be going to destruction - 
the tide was over my tan vats at least 3 feet the tide and waves 
washed away almost every thing that was in thare reach wharfs boats 
lumber of every description went a drift every thing was in confusion 
The inhabitants with terror in thare countinance stood waiting the 
terable event - I lent my assistance to those who seemed to be most 
in nead and I think I may Safely add that I did all in my power 
to save and preserve all that I could - at about midnight the wind 
abated^i 

Sunda 9 I spent most of the Day in looking at the Destruction 
the wind and tide had made 

Monday 10 I went to work in the yard I took out most of my 
taned leather and foun[d] it to be much injured filled with durt 
and sand after takeing all thing [s] in to consideradion I think I have 
lost at least one thousand Dollars 

Teusd. II I worked at my leather laid down a part of a fat 
of leather with hole bark 5 of my vatts are in a very leaky condition 

Wedn 12 I geathered from the ruins of the tanhouse Some nails 

Thurs 13 I worked at geathering nails out of the Shingles and 
laths 

Frid 14 I worked at currieing 

Satur 15 I went to St Simons Robert Armstrong went with me 
we left Darien at sun rise and arrived on St Simons at my Brothers 
at about 10 O. C. 

Sunday 16 I wrode uppon St Simons I took Breakfast with Mr 
Holstien after Spending Some part of the Day with him I returned 
to my Brothers 

Monda 17 At about 2 O, C. in the morning I Started for Darien 
and came home at about 8 O. C. in the morning Mr Holstien came 
with me I Sold to him hides out of the lime to the amount of thurty 
Dollars 

90 



Teusda 1 8 I worked in the Shop at currieing 

Wend 19 I worked in the Shop at currieing 

Thursd 20 I worked in the Shop at currieing 

Friday 21 I worked in the Shop at currieing 

Satud 22 I worked in the Shop at currieing 

Sunday 23 I spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monday 24 I worked in the Shop at currieing 

Teusd 25 I worked in the Shop 

Wed 26 I worked in the Shop 

Thurs 27 I hailed some lumber for Mr Dunham 

Frid 28 I helped raise Mr Dunhams horse Stable and worked Some 
in the Shop 

Saturd 29 I mended up my bark mill and went and burnt Some 
bushes that were lying where I intended to erect a tan yard upon 
Cathead Creek 

Sunda 30 I spent the Day in reading and writing 

October [1804] Monda i The Day of General Election was held 
at the court house James Nephew was Chosien as Senetor and 
Normon McDanold Representative I Did not attend the election - 
I worked in the yard - I corrected Stephen for being Idle he was 
not not pleased thare with and went to my Brother for redress to 
whom he he is bound He is bound to my brother by his Mother for 
seven years his Mother supposeing him to be 14 years old at the time 
whether she knowed his exact age or not is uncertain but it may be 
supposed that Parents have the best right to know the age of their 
Children Stephen I believe has an idea that he bound to[o] long and 
finding no just provication to leave me of late he very carelessly 
attends to his business and seams to have a wish to idle away his 
time; this seams to be his plan to gain his liberty he can make a 
common course Shew [show] a better chance to learn no boy can 
have I have imployed Mr Johnson to instruct him which costs me at 
the rate of 3 Dollars pr. month or the use of the Shop 

Teusday 2 I worked some in the yard and some in the Shop 

Wedn 3 I worked at Shoemakeing 

Thursda 4 I worked at Shoemakeing 

Frida 5 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Saturda 6 I worked in the yard 

Sunday 7 I began to Keep house with Benjamin Crane we rented 
a house of W^m. A Dunham for 350 cents pr Month each of us haveing 
an apprintice boy makes four in the family 

Monday 8 I went to Sapelo Island to summons the people to work 
on the roads I left Darien at about 12 O. C. in company with Mesrs 

91 



Holzendorf, Cray Shavoo we stoped at Doboy and Stayed all night 

Teusday 9 In the morning early we went to the lower end of 
Sapelo or South end we got some clams and fish and gethered some 
curositys as Shells &c 

Wednes 10 A4r Shavoo and myself wen[t] to summons the people 
we went part of the way in a connoe and then by land we did our 
business to the best advantage that we could and then returned to 
our camp we left the Island at sun set and went up to Doboy and Stayed 
all night 

Thursd 1 1 After breakfast we returned to Darien 

Friday 12 I worked in the tan yard 

Saturd 13 I worked in the tan yard. The weather has been very 
pleasant this week the wind southward and westward 

Sunday 14 I spent most of the Day in reading 

Monday 15 I hired a man by the name of Mcin to currie for me 
I worked in the Shop at Shoemaking 

Teusda 16 I worked at Shoe Making 

Wedn 17 I worked at Shoe Makeing 

Thursd 18 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Friday 19 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Saturd 20 I worked at Shoe Makeing 

Sunday 2 1 I spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monday 22 The inhabitants of this District began to work on the 
Public road - I worked at Shoemaking 

Teusday 23 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Wedn 24 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Thursday 25 I worked at Shoemaking 

Friday 26 I worked at Shoemaking 

Saturd 27 I worked at Saddleing 

Sunday 28 I went with Mr Freland to Mr Colders took Dinner 
thare returned and found Doctor Plyme very unwell I stayed with 
him part of the night 

Monday 29 I went to St Simons to Pilot the Sea Horse to Darien 
I went aboard of her about i O. C. P.M. lying in Hampton Creek 
the wind blew strong from N. E. we did nothing I went to my 
brothers and stayed all night 

Teusday 30 We got the vessel under way but went but a short 
dystance the wind blowing strong from N. N. E. Stayed at my 
brothers all Night 

Wedn 31 We got up the creek a small Distance the wind being 
in the same quarter as yesterday 

92 



November [1804] Thursd i I got the vessel about one mile further 
the wind blowing very strong a head 

Friday 2 The wind blew in the same direction we made but little 
head way 

Saturday 3 The weather grew more favourable we got out of 
hampton Creek and through Buttermilk Sound 

Sunday 4 We got within 3 miles of Darien (came through the 3 
mile cut) 

Monday 5 Mornin[g] we arrived at Darien at a bout 9 O.C. 

Teusday 6 I worked at Saddleing 

Wedn 7 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Thursd 8 I worked at Shoemaking 

Friday 9 I worked at Shoemaking 

Saturday 10 I worked some at Shoemaking The weather was cool 
in the morning 

Sunda 1 1 I went down to Mr Coles with Mr Johnson - returned 
and did some writing 

Monda 1 2 I worked at Shoe making 

Teusday 13 I worked at Shoe makeing - Doctr. A. Plyme Died 
in Darien at about i O.C. P.M. I suppose He was fifty years of age 
or more - a native of Denmark and had the advantage of a good 
education. He Died with a pleuritic complaint^^ - I went over to the 
Tide Island with my Brother Rosw[ell] stayed all night 

Wedn 14 I staye[dl with him most of the Day walked on the 
plantation and viewed the ruins caused by the hurricane I returned 
to Darien toward evening Doctr A Plyme was buried 

Thursd 15 I worked at Shoes 

Frida 16 I worked at Shoes - 

Saturda 17 I worked at Shoes 

Sunday 18 I spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monday 19 I worked at Shoe Making 

Teusday 20 I worked at Shoe Making 

Wedn 21 I worked at Shoe Awaking 

Thurs 22 T worked at Shoe Making^ - at Night I watched with Mr 
Brantlv He being very unwell at this time and out of his sences 
and to all appearance must submit to Death Soon 

Friday 23 Jerimiah Brantly Died at about half past eleven 
O.C. A.M. after liveing intemperate for about 18 Days And out of 
the 18 Days he was sick about 5 Days 

Saturd 24 He was buried at at about 3 O.C. P.M. - He was not far 
from fifty years of age He left a Wife but no Children and was much 
Missed by the inhabitants of Darien 

93 



Sunday 25 I Spent Some part of the Day in reading and writing 

A-londay 26 I worked at Shoe makeing 

Teusday 27 I worked att Shoe making 

Wednesday 28 I worked at Shoe making 

Thursd 29 I worked at Shoe making 

Friday 30 Was appointed by Judge Jones Judge of the Superior 
Court held in Mcintosh [County] on the first Monday in this month 
as a day of execution for 2 criminals Names as follows Wm. Smith 
found gilty of murder Macurcine Neal found gilty of ravishment - 
I went to the courthouse the place appointed for execition; they were 
not executed, thare life is prolonged untill January Next I left the 
Court house and returned as far as Mrs. Sturlings and Stayed all Night 

December [1804] Saturday i Early in the morning I left thare 
went to Mr Rays took breakfast thare and returned to Darien - I 
rented my Keating house to Mr Gibbs for one year at the rate of 
six Dollars pr Month 

Sunday 2 I wrote to my brother george - I received a letter from 
him by the last Mail and by the contents thereoff he earnestly wishes 
me to return to Connecticut 

Monda 3 I repaired the Chimney to the Keating house 

Teusday 4 I worked for Mrs. Brantly made a hog pen - made a 
partision do[o]r to the Keating house 

Wedn 5 I worked at Shoes Made a Settlement with Crane I fell 
in his debt 10 Dollars He agreed to board me the week out 

Thursd 6 I hunted Cattle with Mr. Webb found a Steer which 
Mr Crane bought 

Frida 7 I worked at Shoes 

Saturd 8 I worked at Shoes made some prepareation to live with 
Mr Dunham for one year for the sum of 300 Dollars which he has 
previously agreed too give me 

Sunday 9 I went to Wm A Dunhams to live for one vear to make 
his house and home and to use what freedom I thought proper also a 
room for myself - I considered this with my salery to be a liberal 
offer tharefore resolved to be contented for this year thinking perhaps 
some thing would offer in the corse of the year that would be more 
profitable - 

A4ond 10 I went to work did some little work about the house 

Teusda 1 1 I worked some in the garden at diging up stumps 

Wed 12 I worked some in the garden as yesterday 

Thursd 13 I worked some about the house in the afternoon I went 
over the river into glenn [Glynn] County to Mr Holzendorfs planta- 
tion after some fodder for Mr Dunham Stayed all night at the plan- 
tation 

94 



Frida 14 I loaded my boat with 66 small pumpkins and 63 lb 
fodder and returned to Darien 

Satur 15 Was an other election for Militia officers a Captain and 
ensign were to be elected Wm A Dunham was elected Captain 
George Street ensign the election was held at the Muster ground called 
Kings oldfield 

Sunda 16 I spent Most of the Day in reading 

Monda 17 I began to build a fowl house 

Teusday 18 I worked at the fowl house 

Wednes 19 I finished the fowl house 

Thursd 20 I worked with Mr Walker - helped him lay a piazza 
floor for Mr Dunhams house 

Frida 2 1 Robert Shanklin Died after 2 Days Sickness He has lived 
in Darien about Six Months and was a brick layor by trade He lived 
very intemperate drank to excess which no doubt was the cause of 
his sudden Death - I judge he was about 35 years of age a native 
of Ireland - I shall here Mention the Death of Wm Shields WTio 
Died last Sunday about 8 miles from Darien after a lingering illness 
of about 3 Months - I suppose he was about 40 years of age left a Wife 
and one child in Darien which was his proper place of a bode his 
occupation was Mostly Shoe makeing - I went over the river after 
pumpkins for Mr Dunham at Mr Holzendorfs plantation brought 
home sixty 

Saturd 22 Mr Dunham and A Powel began to cut a road or caused 
it to be Done leading from the blacksmiths Shop runing near Mr 
Powels house on the North side an eastardly course untill it strikes 
the Savannah road - John L. K. Holzendorf gave the lumber Measuring 
business to me this far he gave me leave to Measure and to receive 
the profit ariseing from Said business 

Sunda 23 I spent the Day in reading and writing - I have for some 
length of time made a practice to read at Night 

Monday 24 I inspected and Counted Shingles to the Amount of 
2.50 cents I Did some work about home 

Teusday 25 Being Chrismas I did no work Mr Hampton Mcintosh 
Dined at Mr Dunhams - I sold my horse to Mr Dunham 

Wedn 26 Mr Dunham and his Wife and her sister went to Mr 
Woods and Pined thare - I Did but little work stayed in the house 
read some &c - 

Thursd 27 I hewed some posts for a Negro house 

Frida 28 I worked part of the Day at hewing posts - My Brothers 
Roswell and Thomas came to Darien Stayed all Night at Darien at 
Mr Dunhams - for some time past I have Slept in Rosseter and Streets 
store with Mr Freland 

95 



Saturd 29 I went to the Island of St Simons with my Bothers 
Mr Mears [,] Brother Thomas' Wifes Father [,] was with us also 
stayed at Darien last Night - When I arrived at Hampton I found 
my two Sisters (by marriage) and their Children in good health - 
and had the pleasure of seaing a young Nephew a Child of my Br. 
Roswells and a Niece of my Br. Thomas for the first time Thomas's 
is the oldest and about 3 Months old I spent the Day with some de- 
gree of Satisfaction I had considerable conversation with my Brother 

Sunda 30 I spent the Day in conversation on different subjects 
with my Brothers 

Monda 3 1 I returned to Darien with Mr Holstien I sold him some 
hides Last Monday there was a man drowned in the river near 
Darien by the name of Taylor he was a man of a Family and lived 
near Barrington 

January 1805 Teusda i I worked at frameing a Negro house 

Wedn 2 I worked at the Negro house 

Thursd 3 I went over the River to Mr Holzendorfs plantation after 
fodder for Mr Dunham I brought home 135 lb 

Frida 4 I worked at the Negro house 

Satur 5 I worked at the Negro house I may here with all propriety 
remark some things relative to the last year - The planters in the 
lower District of Georgia have lost most of their Cotton By the 
Catipiller The Hurricane which happened on the eight of Septr. 
Destroyed much property the planters Merchants and Mecanicks 
all Suffered with out Destinction business now is in a very dull 
State Merchants and tradesmen are much in want of money - The 
inhabatants of Darien increase thare is now I suppose about 145 
Inhabatants in this place and some new building partly finished &c 

Sunday 6 I spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monda 7 I worked at the Negro house 

Teusday 8 I worked some at the Negro house 

Wed 9 I worked at the Negro house 

Thursd. 10 I helped Kill and Dress four hogs - I wrote to Brother 
Thomas at St Marys - Benjamin Edwards was married to Mrs. Allen 

Friday 1 1 I helped raise a house for Mr Dunham one Story and 
a half high Standing N. E. of Mrs. Brantlys about 16 rods 

Saturday 12 I finished covering the Negroe house 

Sunda 1 3 I spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monda 14 I began to make a board Chimney for the Negro house 

Teusda 15 I finished the Chimney and worke[d] some at makeing 
[a] Door 

Wed 16 I finished the house - 

Thursda 1 7 I made a pair of Stairs for the Stable loft Mr Dunham 

96 



end Mrs Dunham went to St. Simons to a Ball at my Brothers - I 
worked some in my garden 

Frida i8 I made some prepareations to set out some grape vines 
on a lot that I have lately bought of Mr Dunham lot in Darien No 
loo - In fixing for to plant I dug a trench lo feet long 4 broad 2 Vi 
Deep I filled the bottom with oak bark then I put leaves and rubish 
filling the hole with such as will make rich manure 

Satur 19 I worked in the garden - 

Sunday 20 I Spent the Day in reading & writing 

Monda 21 I worked Some at gardening - 

Teusda 22 I measured Cedar being duly Sworn to Measure 
lum[be]r 

Wed 22 I measured lumber - Cedar 

Thursd 24 I measured Cedar - I hired Mr ufford to keep tallio 
[tallies ?1 at I Dollar pr. Day 

Frida 25 I measured Cedar - I hired Mr ufford 

Satur 26 I measured Cedar - Mr Dunham went to Savannah last 
Wedn with Mr Mcintosh 

Sunday 27 I Spent Most of the Day in reading 

Monday 28 I Measured Cedar - 

Wednsd. 30 Wm. Roberts Died this morning at about 4 O.C. A.M. 
He was a blacksmith by trade and a Native of the State of Newjersey 
was about 35 years of age lived intemperate and at times Drank to 
excess - About six weeks ago he made a small wound in his knee 
with a knife it got inflamed and swelled and he was obliged to lie 
in bed this unnatural confinement the pain of his knee and the 
debilitated state of his boddy after reducing him to a Skeleton put 
an end to his life - I attended the buring at 4 O.C. P.M. 

Thursd 31 I measured lumber 

February 1805 Friday i I measured plank and Boards for Mr 
Brunson 

Satur 2 I measured lumber for Mr Brunson - 

Sunda 3 Was an extrem[e] cold Day I spent the Day in reading 
Morses geography 

Monda 4 Was the Coldest Day I ever knew in the State of Georgia 
The Sun has Shone all Day and yet it has froze in the Shade - I 
Measured a small raft of Cedar for Luke Lot - I worked some in the 
garden sowed some lettice prepared some ground for to sow or plant 
Inions - 

Teusday 5 I Did but little planted some potatoes - Mr. Paul H. 
Wilkins^^ made himself known to me He lives in Liberty County 

Wednesda 6 Mr Dunham and his Wife and her Sister Harriot^* 

97 



went into Liberty County to Mr Henery Harfords wedding - I 
measured boards for John Lot - 

Thursday 7 This day was appointed for Mr Harfords wedding - 
I measured boards for Mr John lot - 

Friday 8 I worked some at the carpenters business with Mr Walker 

Saturday 9 I worked some at the carpenters business - I measured 
one Raft of Ranging timber belonging to James May 

Sunday 10 I spent the Day in writing and reading Mr Dunham 
and his Wife returned from Sunbury with the two Miss Mans 
Sisters to Mrs. Dunham - the wedding feast being over - 

Monday 1 1 In the forenoon I finished fencesing in a small garden 
Spot in the afternoon I Measured Staves for Mr. Powers and kept 
talla [tally?] 

Teusday 12 I finished Counting and Culling boath Staves and 
Shingles the admeasurement Amounted to $ 12.12 Vz cs - 

Wednesday 13 I am this Day 26 years of age 5 years I have been 
out of my Aprinticeship I have not accumilated much property for 
that length of time It may justly be observed that a Single man 
Seldom obtains property so fast as one married allowing them to be 
equally Industrus I have been fully in this belief for five years and 
at this time I have no particular Woman in view How frequently 
Mankind are deceived by the pleasing and flattering hope of future 
enjoyment but alas! we always find it transfered - If thare is any 
such thing as happiness in this life the person who enjoys is possest 
with a virtuous and contented mind - I have alway[s] followed the 
dictates of my own reason and for the want of experience I have 
frequently erred - I have Divided my life into four parts Provided 
it be the will of kind PROVIDENCE to prolong my life - as the length 
of my life only by Him is known my will ought to be His will - 
I may perhaps have mentioned something of this Kind in my Journal 
before but wheither or Know I shall mention that I con[si]der the 
first part of my life from the age of 21 years untill 31 being ten 
years which time I think will be the Most Laborious part of my Life 
as much industry as I can use without injuring my health is my 
intension and all leisure hours or half hours (which I some time have) 
to spend trying to git useful knoledge either by reading Writing or 
an agreeable conversation; the conversation of the aged is generally 
the most agreeable to me tharefore I make it a point to frequent their 
company in preference to any other - With a flatterring Idea at the 
end of this term I shall be so independent as to labour only when 
it is agreeable Should tliis be the case - the Next term of time from 
thurtyone unto fortyone I shall with moderate labour Spend my time; 
prepareing to spend the remainder of my Days as comfortable as I 

98 



can calculating at all times to live within the bounds of my income; 
if at the expiration of this time I should be able to live comfortable 
without labour I will the following ten years if called upon serve the 
public - and after that live retired. - But alas; who can tell the path 
he is to walk or the misfortunes he is to encounter - Tharefore it is our 
duty to live as if we ware to Die Shortly; and prepare to live in this 
world always - I measured boards for James Alston 
Thursda 14 I measured boards for Mr Alston 
Friday 15 I bought some refuse bords of Mr Alston - sold the 
same to Josept Luder - took as payment a note on the estate of 
Jerimiah Brantly to the amount of 25 Dollars 
Saturda 16 I measured boards and Staves - 
Sunday 17 I spent the Day in writing and reading 
Monday 18 I measured Cedar for Thomas Watts 
Teusda 19 I kept an account of Staves for George Webb 
Wedn 20 I counted Staves for George Webb 
Thursda 21 I measured Staves Sawed Some plank for the garden 
fence 

Frida 22 I worked at the garden fence - Measured Some 2 Inch 
plank for Dunham & Jones &c - Also some scantling 

Saturda 23 I measured and culled Shingles & Staves for Lewis 
Linder^^ 

Sunday 24 I spent the Day mostly in writing - Mrs. Delony and 
her Daughter Patsy are now at Mr. Dunhams - Mr Dunham left here 
for Bryan County this morning 

Monda 25 I worked at the garden fence borrowed Mr Mcintoshes 
Cart and Jacob hailed some Boards 

Teusday 26 I measured board for Mr Spillers the boards was 
landed at Darien old fort bluff - Jacob worked with me 

Wedn 27 I measured board for Mr Spillers - Jacob worked with 
me 

Thursda 28 I measured boards for Messers Hemp & Birds loooo 
feet 
March [1805] Friday i It rained some I piled Staves & Shingles 
Saturd 2 I piled some Staves and measured some boards 
Sunday 3 I spent most of the Day in reading - 
Monday 4 I finished Measureing boards for Messers Bird & Hemp 
Teusday 5 I measured boards and Staves 
Wedn 6 I measure board for John Sharp - 
Thursday 7 I measured board for John Sharp and finished 
Friday 8 I trimed some Shade trees about Mr Dunhams house 
Dug up a stumt [stump] for Mr Rae 



09 



Saturd 9 I measured some Staves for Mr Henderson 

Sunday 10 I spent Most of the Day in reading 

Monday 1 1 I worked some in My garden - Measured some boards 
for Mr. Gould 

Teusday 12 I measured board for Mr. Harden 

Wednesd 1 3 I measured Cedar for Messrs Brown & Balie 

Thursda 14 I measured shingles for Mr Love 

Frida 15 I Measured board for Mr Harden - 

Saturda 16 I measured Cedar for Mr. Pinkham and Balie 

Sunday 1 7 I spent most of the Day in Reading - 

Monda 18 I went up Cat head Creek after a flat that had gone 
a Drift but did not return with it 

Teusda 18 [19] I went after the flat and brot it home to Mr 
Dunhams 

Wedn 19 [20] Mr Glynn delivered some Com to Mr Dunham 
I keept tally 

Thursday 20 [^i] I went after a raft belonging to Mr Harden 
found it in Mihall Creek The tide being Spent I tyed [it] secure and 
left it returned to Darien in the evening I went for it 

Friday 22 In the morning I got the raft within 3 Miles of 
Darien tyed and left it 

Saturd 23 I went to the raft left two boys to fetch it along with 
the tide and returned to Darien and measured board for Mr Gould 

Sunda 24 I spent Most of the Day in reading 

Monda 25 I measured some board for Mr Gould went [and] 
brought Mr Hardens [raft] near to Darien 

Teusda 26 I measured some board for Mr. Gould - and brought 
the raft to Darien 

Wedns 27 I measured some board for Mr Glenn - I began to 
inclose 2 lots joining Mr Dunhams Kitchen belonging to him 

Thursda 28 I finished seting nearly all the posts 

Friday 29 I worked at puting on board 

Saturd 30 I worked at puting on board - Last Night we had a 
fine Shower of rain which was much wanted - 

Sunda 31 I spent most of the [day] in reading Zimmerman on 
Solitude 

April [ 1 805 ] Monday i I worked at the garden fence 

Teusday 2 I worked at the garden fence 

Wedn 3 I worked at making a Cow pen in one comer of the 
garden and finished it all except making the bars 

Thursday 4 I made the bars to the Cow pen and settled some 
business with Benjamin Ufford and Wm. & Reuben Peet 

Friday 5 Was appointed battalion Muster by Major Jacob Wood 

100 



I attended Biggade Majr. Fosh [Fauche] reviewed the Battalion - 
I rode in a chair with Capt Dunham 

Saturday 6 I worked at making fence 

Sunday 7 I spent the Day much as yuseal in reading &c 

Monday 8 This week I have taken to take out and turn my 
leather I took up vatts No ^ 8c 6 

Teusday 9 I hired Joseph Major to work for me We dried and 
sot out Soalleather I Shaved some upper leather - about 4 O.C. P.M. 
I left off work in the Shop went with Capt Alston to Broughton 
Island to pilate his boat he had about 400 bushels of Com for Mr 
Brailsford 

Wednesd 10 I worked in the Shop at Courrieing 

Thursda 11 I hired Erastus Parks to help me peal bark and lay 
away a fat of leather Containing about 40 Sides mostly Soalleather. 

Friday 12 I worked some in the yard Shaved some wet leather 

Saturday 13 I worked [at] Currieing put some leather in Stuff 

Sunday 14 I rode with Mr Duhurst up to Wm. Rays he was not 
at home; we returned and took Dinner at our homes 

Monday 1 5 I hired a Man to work for Mr Dunham by the Name 
of Johnson at 1.50 Cents pr Day Johnson found his own Board - I 
also hired Erastus Parks to work at 2.00 cents pr day and he find own 
board - Capt W. A. Dunham left here Teusday for Agusta [Augusta, 
Georgia] and will probably Stay 2 weeks from this time - I worked 
some in the garden and had some boards hailed I also did some work 
at currieing 

Teusday 16 I worked some with Mr Parks & Johnson at the 
carpenters business - I Measured some plank for Martin Harden Which 
went on board Mr Bigalows Sloop - 

Wednesday 17 I measured Some Scantling and Boards for Mr 
Harden Which Mr. Brailsford took - I worked some little at Currie- 
ing - 

Thursday 18 I worked at the Carpenters business 

Friday 19 I worked at the Carpenter's business 

Saturday 20 I went into the woods to hall some small timber 
which Wm. and John Reddock hewed for Mr Dunham Number of 
pieces 52 Mr Johnson Hailed them all before Dinner Johnson has 

worked 5 Yz Days this week Parks has worked 4 Days this 

week I had a settlement with Mr Harford and found Due Nine 

Dollars 75 Cents which amount I took out of the store and a full 
settlement completed - 

Sunday 21 I spent most of the Day in reading I began to read 
the history of America Written by Winterbothom 



101 



Monday 22 I measured some Lumber for Mr Gould - and for Mr 
Bucanan &c 

Teusda 23 I measured some boards and scantling for Mr Gould 

Wednesda 24 I worked with Mr Parks at the Carpenters business - 

Thursda 25 I also worked with Mr. Parks 

Friday 16 I worked with him also 

Saturda 27 I plained boards - Mr Dunham returned from Agusta 
and somewhat unwell - Mr Parks has worked three Days and a half 
this week at the Carpenters business - Capt Hammons saled from 
this place bound to Philadelphia in a Sloop laden with flooring planks 
and Staves Mr John Bigalow owner 

Sunday 28 I Spent Most of the Day in reading 

Monday 29 I worked With Mr Dunham made a paleing under 
the Sills of his house 

Teusday 30 I worked at Making fence from the house to the 
garden 

May [1805] Wednesday i I worked at the Carpenters business 
with Mr Case [?] 

Thursda 2 I worked with Mr Case - 

Friday 3 I Culled Stave for Mr Sharp 

Saturda 4 I Went and cut some grass with Mr Dunham - Counted 
some staves Received a letter of E Russell 

Sunday 5 I spent the Day in reading 

Monday 6 I Culled Staves - This week I took to labour for my- 
self finish off my leather &c 

Teusday 7 I Shaved some leather and counted some Staves 

Wednesd 8 I Shaved some leather Scoured and Stufed it 

Thursday 9 I worked amongst my leather - 

Friday 10 I worked Some at Currieing counted Some posts 

Saturday 1 1 I worked at Currieing I bought of Joshua Sharps Son 
77 Cedar posts more or less as may be for the Sum of ten dollars lying 
at Cat Head 

Sunday 12 I wrote a letter to my Brother George and to Emanuel 
Russell both of Sharon Connecticut - 

Monday 13 I took 1000 feet of board that belonged to Martin 
Harden for Mr. Dunham 

Teusday 14 I went to Sapelo After some cows but Mr. Collins 
[said?] The said Cows belong to Wm. Keneda [Kennedy ?] and 
was to be Delivered to Mr W A Dunham as a payment I Did not 
see Keneda - returned to Darien without the Cows 

Wednesday 15 I worked for my self Curried leather 

Thursday 16 I worked for Myself Curied leather 

102 



Friday 1 7 I worked for Myself - Curried leather Mr Dunham and 
his Wife went to St Simons - 

Saturda 18 I laid up a lime kiln - 

Sunday 19 I read Winterbothums Geograph[y] 

Monday 20 I worked in the Shop Made 2 Bridles - Mr Dunham 
With his Wife and her Sister Mrs. Heath went last Friday to St. 
Simons on a visit to Mr. Page^^ 

Teusday 2 1 I Moved some lumber from My tan yard up Cat-Head 
Creek 

Wednesd 22 I began to lay an upper floor in Mr Dunhams Stable 

Thursday 23 I finished the floor - 

Friday 24 He returned from St Simons Mr. Page came with him 
I trimed some Shade trees about Mr Dunhams house and began 
to clear a place to land some lumber 

Saturda 25 I had 3 Sides of leather Sold at au[c]tion at [t] ached 
by the Sherriff to Satisfy an execution of three Dollars for not 
attending the battallion Muster in Jani last the Cost in all Amounting 
to 4 Dollars - I cleared a place to hall out some Rangeing [ ? ] timber 
and hailed out 16 piece that Mr. Sutton brought down Cat-head 
Creek with the assistence of Some Negroes 

Sunday 26 I spent Most of day in writing - The day was Showery 
Some considerable rain fell - 

Monda 27 I began to git a Small frame for an out house for Mr 
Dunham - In the afternoon I went down to Mcintosh bluff and 
delivered some boards for Mr Rae to Mr Brailsford 

Teusday 28 I delivered some more boards and in all 7631 feet of 
good boards 1588 feet refuse - I returned took the flat loaded it with 
timber took it from the tan yard and caried it up Cat Head Creek - 

Wednesd 29 I worked at the frame which is 8 feet Square 

Thursda 30 I worked at the frame 

Friday 3 1 I worked at it some 

June [1805] Saturd i I finished frameing it, I took Dinner with 
Mr Mcfall Mr Crossman and Hall left Darien for the State of 
Massachusetts 

Sunday 2 I Spent the Day by writing 

Monday 3 Capt Dunham trained his Company I did duty rode 
to the parrade ground in the Stage 

Teusday 4 I raised the small frame above mentioned and lathed it 

Wedn 5 I began to Shingle the roof which is hipt or square roof 
and Slow to Shingle 

Thursday 6 I worked at Shingling - I Slept at Frelands Store first 
Nite 

Friday 7 I worked at Shingling - in the evening My two Brothers 

103 



Roswell and Thomas came to Mr Dunhams Stayed all night - the 
three Days past has been very hot - 

Saturda 8 I spent the fore part of the Day with my two Brothers 
in the afternoon I finished Shingling 

Sunday 9 I spent the Day in writing and reading I wrote to 
Thomas Mendenhall Jr"^ for the first time 

Monday 10 I worked at weather boarding the above mentioned 
building part of the Day and did some other work about the house 

Teusday 1 1 I worked at weather boarding 

Wednes 12 I worked at weather boarding part of the day and 
laid a floor in said house 

Thursd 13 I worked Most of the Day at triming trees near 
W Du[nhams] House - Robert Freeland was Married to Miss Nelly 
Webb 

Friday 14 I went over to Butlers Island to measure some lumber 
for James Gould^^ &co brought Down the river by Mr Lee and Vince 
and Delivered to Majr Butlers agent Roswell King - Raft of plank 
sawed for i *4 Inch thick Containing 10118 feet good boards 5558 
feet refuse 

Saturd 15 I finished Measuring the above mentioned plank and 
[blank] O.C. [re] turned to Darien - yesterday Mr Freeland invited 
the inhabitants of Darien to come and partake of the Weding preparea- 
tion at eleven O.C. which consisted of bread and ham ready sliced 
and plenty of punch every one helped himself - 

Sunday 16 I Spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monday 17 I Worked [at] the carpenters business 

Teusday 18 I worked at the carpenters business and counted some 
staves 

Wedn 19 I counted and culled staves for Mr Stripling 

Thursday 20 I worked some with the carpenters I took a flat 
from Cathead creek to Dunhams Store for some boards 

Friday 21 I took 1345 feet of good [boards] & 86 feet Refuse 
Dit[t]o borrowed from Mr Rae 

Saturd 22 I with the carpenters Worked 

Sunday 23 I Spent Most of the Day Writing reading &c 

Monday 24 I took this Day to work for myself I worked at 
Saddleing 

Teusday 25 I worked with Mr Gill the Carpenter working for 
Mr. Dunham 

Wednes 26 I worked at the Carpenters business 

Thursday 27 I worked with the Carpenters 

Friday 28 I worked with the Carpenters I made prepareations to go 

104 



to St Marys on a viset and to celebrate the forth Day of July with 
my Brother Thomas 

Saturday 29 I left Darien went to St Simons with Brother Roswell 

Sunday 30 We left St Simons for St Marys stoped [at] Gaskines 
[Gascoignes] Bluff where we took Mr. Wm McGee and Richard 
Wall and carryed them to St Marys - I was very unwell with the head 
ach We crossed St Andrews Sound in the evening stopted near the 
mouth of plumb orched [Plum Orchard] Creek and stayed till 
morning 

July [1805] Monday i We arrived at St Marys before sunset 

Teusday 2 I spent the Day in St Marys renewed some old ac- 
quaintance &c 

Wednesday 3 I went with my brothers up St Marys River about 
12 miles to Steam sawmill - on our way we stope[d] at Rowes Bluff®* 
in Florida went on board a Spanish Prise Ship - The Spanards have 
lately taken two vessels from the English [A] Ship and a Brig after 
being condemed at Augustine were brought here for Sale - The 
steam saw mill was going when we arrived thare the Saws went 
extreamely well I was much pleased at the Simplisity of the Ma- 
chanery four Saws went appearently with the greatest ease we 
Stayed thare about 4 hours took Diner thare with Mr Sands We re- 
turned to St Marys left the mill at about 4 O.C. P.M. I was troubled 
with the head ache and flow fever 

Thursday 4 I was Still more unwell [had] a violent head ache - 
The Inhabitants of St Marys celebrated the Day; The Gentlemen had 
a Dinner prepared for them at Mr Homers my Brothers were of the 
party; I was unwell and did not attend 

Friday 5 We left St Marys at 8 O.C. after biding our friends 
adieu Mr. Mc Gee & Wall returned with us: We arrived at Gaskines 
Bluff late in the evening went to Capt. Wilsons and stayed untill 
morning 

Saturday 6 I took breakfast thare with the rest of my company 
left thare about 10 O.C. Stoped at Frederica and arrived at Hampton- 
point before sunset With a flow fever 

Sunday 7 I spent the Day in reading 
Monday 8 I returned to Darien with a view to return back to St 
Simons the following week and stay untill I found myself Sufficiently 
Strong to undergo hard labour 
Teusday 9 Spent the Day in reading and writing 
Wednesday 10 I spent this Day much as yesterday 
Thursday 1 1 I have had no fever since Monday I sent by the Mail 
boat Six Baskets to Bro Thomas also wrote 

105 



Friday 12 I spent the Day in reading and sleeping and attended to 

little or no business 

Saturday 13 I spent the Day Much as yesterday 

Sunday 14 I spent the Day in reading and writing 

Monday 15 I measured about loooo feet lumber Delivered to Mr. 

Devereaux 

Teusday 16 I measured plank for Mr Dunham and the same 

Dilivered to Mr. John Cowper St Simons 

Wednesd 17 I measured plank in Differen[t] parts of Darien 
Thursd 18 I Measured What plank was wanting to be Measured 

this week Which amounted to about 50,000 feet - the above quantity 

I have measure [d] within four Days being in bad health at this time 

I was in some Measure over come with fategue and thought it proper 

to refrain from labour the remainder part of the week 

Friday 19 Accordingly I did but little Spent my time in reading 
Saturday 20 I Spent Aluch as yesterda[y] Wm Hunts Wife Died 

yesterda[y] or on the evening of the 18 th at Hampden Mcintoshes 

plantation i mile from Darien 
Sunday 2 1 I spent the day in Reading and writing 
Monday 22 I Did but little work - made some prepareation to go 

to St Simons on a viset 
Teusday 23 I left Darien for St Simons - I went with Thomas 

Miller of St Marys He landed me at St Simons Pikes Bluff from thare 

I walked to Mr Holstiens He lent me his horse and I rode to my 

Brothers before sun set 

Wedn 24 I spent the Day at my Brothers with his family He was 

not at home I went a fishing and the other part of the day I spent 

in reading Plays or tragedy 
Thursday 25 I spent Most of the Day in reading about 5 O.C. 

1 left St Simons for Darien being too late on the tide I only got within 

2 or three miles of Darien tied my Connoe in the marsh and Stayed 
untill the next tide 

Friday 26 I got home early in the morning Spent most of the Day 
in reading 
Saturday 27 I Did some little work in the lumber way 
Sunday 28 I spent the Day in reading and writing 
Monday 29 The inhabitants of this District have been sumoned 
to work on the Public Roads this week - The Inhabitants of this 
place (Darien) are to work in the town cut the bushes and trim the 
trees &c Accordingly I worked at triming trees and pileing bushes 
Teusday 30 I worked at pileing bushes 
Wednesday 31 I worked at pileing and burning bushes 
August [1805] Thursday i I worked much as yesterday 

106 



Friday 2 I worked at trimming trees &c 

Saturda 3 I trimed a few trees in the morning about Mr Dunhams 
house I then went to work with other hands cuting Down trees &c 

Sunday 4 My Brothers ware here Roswell & Thomas I Spent most 
of the Day with them they returned to the Islands 

Monday 5 I made prepareations to paint the roof of Mr Dunhams 
house borrowed of Mr Harford 23 lb red ochre for to mix with tar - 
I got the tar boiled Down and mixet 

Teusda 6 I began to paint - Mr Dunham & Holzendorf went to 
Sansavilla to see the sawmill 

Wedn 7 I boiled tar and measured some lumber and piled it - 
the remainder of Mr Hardens Raft - Mr Dunham returned from the 
mill 

Thursda [8] I painted some 

Friday [9I I finishe[d] the roof 

Saturda [10] Mr Dunham and his Wife went to Liberty County 
on a viset Air Dunham intends to go to Savannah before he returns - 
I worked at cuting wood and makeing prepareations to burn a lime 
Kiln helped Crane raise Rafters 

Sunda 11 I got a horse from Benn Cray and Rode to Mrs Sturlings 
took Dinner thare and returned to Darien Mrs. Sturling is unwell with 
the common fever - her son Normn Mc Danold is also complaining 

Monday 1 2 I worked at cuting wood and pileing brush 

Teusday 13 I worked much the same as yesterday 

Wednesday 14 I worked with the two Boys Diging Shells for lime 

Thursday 15 I worked at Diging Shells 

Friday 16 I worked at burning Bushes and carrying wood to the 
lime 

Saturday 17 I went to Butlers Island Mr Dunham returned from 
Savannah left his Wife at Ogeechee 

Sunday 18 I spent Most of the Day in writing and reading 

Monday 19 I made prepareations to go with Mr McKay to Sapelo 
and measure a Raft of boards and plank - In the forenoon I hailed 
wood for a lime kiln - I[tl was nearly Night before we left Darien 
with the raft Mr McKay in the behalf of Mr Tho Spalding took one 
square of plank or about 7000 feet this plank belong to James Gould 
and by his order Mr Spalding took them from me or rather I 
Delivered them to Mr McKay the first ebb tide took us Down to 
Black Island some rain fell and made the Night very Disagreeafble] 
in an open boat in the morning we left two negro boys on the raft 
for to go on with [the] tide - I went with Mr MaKay to his house 
on black Island and took Breakfast with him 

Teusday 20 After taking breakfast We persued the raft and over 

107 



took it about V2 mile above Doboy - The flood tide began to make 
We fastened the raft and went to Doboy Mr A^cKay went with Mr 
Spalding to Black Island and left me with those boys to Manage 
the Raft, it being without oars we had to manage The tide was very 
high The ebb made strong - The Raft broke loose after all our 
exertion to keep it fast lost 3 poles haveing but one left we could do 
but little but by the greatest activity we landed the raft at Doboy 
landing Stayed thare all night Wrote a note to Mr McKay and sent 
the boys to Black Island to Diliver it - 

Wednesd 21 Waiting for Mr McKay and hands - Went after 
oysters & Crabs He came about 3 O.C. P.M. - went a fishing caught 
Nothing but a Shark we had it skined some Stakes cut off and fryed 
them with some pork eat hearty of them and think them to be equal 
to almost any fish - The tide made ebb at Sun set Mr McKay thought 
proper to go with the first of the tide but unfortunately we was not 
able to git a cross the sound - We had 3 Small boats a towing finding 
that we could not git to shore [we] let the raft go - I slept on the 
beach of Sapelo that Night 

Thursday 22 Early in the morning I took a larg[e] boat with Six 
hands went round Wolf Island hunting for the Raft I returned with- 
out any success. Went to Mr Spaldings took breakfast thare at about 
12 O.C. I then took my Cannoe made the best of my way to Darien 
whare I arrived before Sunset 

Friday 23 Rained most of the Day I did but little work spent 
the Day reading &c 

Saturda 24 I Measured some lumber and Delivered to Mr De- 
busque in behalf of Air Page about 6000 feet board which I sold for 
Mr. Harden 

Sunday 25 I made out some bills of Lumber &c About 12 o.c. I 
felt cold and a little like an ague I lay Down was cowled [called] 
to Dinner got up eat and lay Down again and Slept untill almost 
Night I had a little fever appearently 

Monday 26 I went to work early in the morning diging Shells 
haveing Some to Do with with Mr Holzendorf I went to his store after 
breakfast & I returned felt Weak the sun shone very warm I went into 
my room and stayed a short time I went out thinking to go to work 
but soon returned and lay down upon my bed Mr Dunham advised 
me to take a dose of Salts accordingly I did and I believe thev operated 
once or twice - Agreeable to the best inform [ation] I can git from 
this time Nine or ten Day lay in a Senceless State or at least untill 
Wednesday the 4 th of Septem I Do not remember of taking Medi- 
cine but twice untill I found myself with an apetite to eat - The 
medicine that I remember takeing was a doase of bark and some Pills 

108 



that smelt and tasted like Musk I remember of having blister Plasters 
pulled off and put on about the same time that I took the pills - I 
am inclined to believe that the quantity of opium that I took was 
the cause of my lying stuped so long after having recovered my 
Sences - I had not had any Idea of having been Sick more than two or 
three Days was anxious to walk about but soon found myself to[o] 
weak - 

September [1805] Sunday 8 Mr Dunham let me ride his horse to 
Mr Cranes which was in the morning McKay carried me back on 
his horse in the evening - and what more passed for two Days I do 
not remember rightly but believe I took some Medcine from Mr 
Dunham 

Wedn 1 1 Untill this time 1 could not Keep the Day of the Week 
and had little or no Knoledge of what had passed in Darien - I was 
told that: Gill a carpenter was Dead He came from Savannah to Darien 
about 4 Months past I believe he was a native of the State [of] New 
Jersey he was in Virgil Vivions^°" employ when he Died and I suppose 
36 years of age - also Mrs Scofield Died at Free Vicies of what com- 
plaint I Do not know She was a woman I suppose of 55 years 
of age and had formerly lived on St. Simons Island - Most of the 
inhabitants in this place are Sick Doctr Lymon Salmon who has 
attended me in my sickness (and no doubt by his means my life was 
prolonged) is as am told very Sick and that No medical aid can save 
his Life^°^ In my Sickness I do not remember of the Doctr coming 
to see me more than twice or three times and seamingly all in one day 
or one evening and Morning I am apt to conclude that he never made 
me a visit after the 4 [th] Day this Month - Br. Roswell was with me 
some part of 3 or four days and tells me he had his Doubts about 
my living - He sent me his Negroe wench Bellow to nurse me She 
stayed with me more than a week - / had all the attendance that was 
necessary Mr. Dunham & his Wife was very attentive - My Br. sent 
a boat from tide Island for me to St Simons I wint to the tide Island 
and then went with him to St Simons whare I was well nursed and 
my living was more agreeable than it could be made at Darien - 
From this time untill the 20 of the A4onth I was troubled with an 
inward complaint similar to the Disentary which keeps me weak - 
I have rode on horseback three or four times within this week as far 
[as] Mr Holstiens 

Saturday 21 I rode to Frederica and back which is 6 miles from 
my Broth - Mr Holstien rode with me 

Sunda 22 I fatigued myself too much yesterday by riding kept my 
room most of the Day I felt sore &c 

109 



Monday 23 I went to Darien with Mr Holstien to see in what 
Situation my things were in 

Teusday 24 We returned to St Simons I took my trunk of papers 
with me in order to post up my small acpt - I Spent the remainder 
of the week writing hunting riding and by imprudence hot weather 
&c I got the fever and the following I was sick 2 or 3 [days?] very 
unwell indeed I took Peruvian bark and found relief and soon well 
of the fever 

[October 1805] Wedn 9 I went to the Tide Island with my Bro. 
from thence to Darien I found that the inhabitants were geting thare 
health but few complaining Mr Thomas McFall Died last Friday 
He was taken with the fever a few Days after myself He has told me 
that he was a native of the State of Connecticut A Carpenter by trade 
and was in Mr Vivion employ appeareantly was about 30 years of 
ageio2 _ ]\/[i.s Shields a Widow lost her only Daughter Jane about 
Six years of age but I do not know the complaint that the Child 
Died With - I went to Mr Dunhams his [wife] told me that he had 
gone to Agustia. I took Dinner at Mr Halzendorfs [Holzendorfs] 
I went to Mr Brantlys and Stayed all Night 

Thursday 10 I settle my accpt with Mr Gibbes Mr Street and 
Mr Crane At evening I went to the tide Island with my Bro. stay 
all Night - 

Friday 1 1 I returned to St Simons 

Saturday 12 I felt fatigued and spent Most of my time in my 
room - Wm Holzendorf lost by Death a Child a few weeks old 
Not many Days Since - Bror. returned from tide Island after I was 
in bed 

Sunday 13 I spent Most of the Day reading Mr Holstien was 
at my Bro 

Monday 14 I went to Mr Holstiens made a bridle Sirsingle and 
Cruper for him Stayed all Night with him 

Teusday 15 I Spent the whole Day in writing in Making out my 
Jurnal 

Wedn 16 I spent the Day in Writing 

Thursday 17 I spend the Day in Reading writing & Cyphering 

Friday 18 I went to Mr Holstiens Spent the afternoon with him 

Satur 19 I went to the town of Frederica with Mr Holstien 
The wind N. blew very fresh - Appearance of rain 

Sunda 20 Rain with a heavy Wind - I spent the Day in reading 

Mond 21 It was rainy and a very Disagreeable Day 

Teuda 22 The weather cleared off cool wind N W Nath Patch^^^ 
came from Darien to St Simons 

Wedn 23 Thare is a frost this morning I went to little St Simons 

110 



with my Brother and Mr Patch they went to hunt for clay suitable 
for brick iMaking - I took a gun with me to hunt but Killed nothing 
I returned and went to Mr Holsteins bought 20 pr Coarse shoes at 
150 Cents pr pr - 20 pr. Negro Shoes at 100 Cents and gave a receipt 
for 50 Dollars 

Thursday 24 I went to Holstien yard with my Bror and cut out 
Some Straps for elevators to the Rice Macheane at tide Island 

Friday 25 I left St Simons came home with my Brother & his wife 
or to Mr Dunhams which I call my home as yet 

Saturda 26 I attende to my own business ground my tools &ca. 
I rode to Mr Wm Ray after some Butter for Mrs Dunham but got 
none - I bought 5 V2 lard I Received a letter from E Russell 

Sunda 27 I wrote to Russell Directed the letter to N York - He 
wrote me that he was comeing to Darien with Some Cider wine 
apples and other Nothard Notions I exspect to join with him in a 
grocery Store this comeing winter - 

Monday 28 I worked at Saddleing and fixed my Shop board &c 
Teusda 29 I worked at Saddling - and measured some Cedar for 
Mr Sharp 

Wedn 30 I measured some Cedar - I worked some in the Shop 
Thursda 31 I worked Some at Saddleing - Made prepareations to 
go to Savannah after Mr Dunham now on his way from Agustia 

[November 1805] Friday i Early in the morning I started for 
Savannah I went as far as Majr Prays^°^ in Bryan County Stayed all 
night He is Bror. to Mr Dunham by Marrige 

Saturday 2 Majr Pray lent me a horse to ride to Savannah I arrived 
thare about one O.C. found Mr. Dunham at Doer Herralds^"^ took 
Diner thare I spent i Vz hours in Savannah and returned to Mr Prays 
Mr Dunham Doct Herrald & Doer Porter also 

Sunday 3 Before Sunrise I left Mr Prays with Mr Dunham and 
proceeded on our way to Darien We over took Mr Vivien at Rice- 
borough and took breakfust at Mr Mells^"^ left thare half past 1 1 O.C. 
in company with Mr Vivion - We Stoped and took Dinner at Mcintosh 
Court house from thare to Darien 

Monday 4 I worked Some at Saddleing I rented the Shop which I 
built for Currieing - of Mr Vivion (He bought the lots No 10 & 
No 9 and last July took posession) for one hundred Dollars pr year - 
I intend to keep a grocers store in said shop 

Teusday 5 I settled with W A Dunham and gave him my due bill 
for thurty Dollars - I began to board at Mr Cranes for 3 Dollars pr 
week 

Wed 6 I worked some in the Shop - & settle some business &c 
Thursday 7 I took out i fat of leather which is the remainder or 

111 



[of?] all my leather I have to take out - I bought some boards of 
Mr. Rae to finish off a store room 

Frida 8 I worked some at Sealing the room 

Saturda 9 I work at cealing the store room 

Sunda 10 I Spent in reading & writing - very pleasant weather 
for [this] Season 

Monday 1 1 I put up Shelves in my Store room Mr Crane helped 
me Mr Holstien came here from St. Simons 

Teusday 12 I spent the Day with Holstien He returned I did but 
little work 

Wednesda. 13 I hung out Soalleather to Dry - was taken with a 
fever in the afternoon which lasted untill Night - 

Thursda 14 I made a counter in my Store room - 

Friday 15 I made me some small weights and fixed up my Scales 
I was taken with a sickness and pukeing which ended with a fever - 
I have reason to believe that too much exercise and the warmness 
of the weather is the cause of my illness 

Saturda 16 I felt as well as yuseal worked some in the shop at 
harness making. I Measured some boards for G Street - 

Sunda 17 I wrote to E Russell Directed my letter to Savannah 
I suppose he has arrived thare by this time from New York 

Monda 18 I worked in the Shop at Harness making 

Teusday 19 I Worked in the Shop part of the day Measured some 
lumber for G. Street - 

Wednesd. 20 I worked in the shop at harness Making 

Thursda 21 I went over to Butlers Island to see my Brother his 
wife and four of his children was thare 

Friday 22 I returned to Darien - Culled some Shingles for Josh. 
Morgan 

Saturda 23 I hung out my Soalleather to dry worked some in the 
Shop - The 15 Inst. Mr Mulryne lost a Daughter about 8 years old 
by Death his family have all been sick this fall 

Sunda 24 I spent the Day reading & writing 

Monday 25 I bought of Geoe. Street a pair of Scales & Weights at 
8 $ - 148 lb. tobacco at 8 ct pr lb - I was taken with a dizziness in 
my head bad cold &c I went to bed 

Teusda 26 I was very unwell kept my bed part of the Day 

Wedned. 27 I took medicine calomel & Rheubarb it operated 
very well I slept at Cranes 

Thursda 28 I was weak by the operation of the medicine went 
to bed - 

Frida 29 I felt Much better troubled with the colic some 

Saturda 30 I felt unwell and had some fever - The Battalion 

112 



mustered under Ma jr. Wood I did not attend I Received a letter 
from Brother Hunt 

December [1805] Sunda i Brother Roswell and Family ware at 
Darien 

Monda 2 I bought of Vivon & Howard some grocerys and some 
of them to my Shop 

Teusda 3 I got some more things Mr. Dunham sent a cart for 
them I began to sell Speritous liquor without license not haveing 
a convenient opportunity to git license 

Wednes 4 I kept my Shop open Sold some things 3 or 4 $ amount 

Thursda 5 I measured some boards for G Street part of Raft 
belonging [to] Mr. Stripling 

Friday 6 I measured boards from the same raft - I also Delivered 
to Mr Daniel Sherman for Majr. P. Butler 1352 feet good boards 
387 Refuse Do - measured & sold for James Gould &c 

Saturday 7 I finished measuring Striplings Raft - Bough some 
more goods of Vivon & Howard - 

Sunday 8 A number of the inhabitants of this place meet together 
to spend the Sabbath in a morral way being the first time of meeting 
in this way Mr Dunham read a Sermon Majr Hopkins^^'^ read prayers 
I spent the hour with Satisfation hopeing Such meetings on the 
Sabbath would continue 

Monda 9 I worked some in the Shop 

Teusda 10 I worked in the Shop also I Sold to Capt Mc Conel 10 
hides at 125 cts bought of him 200 orranges at 3 Dollrs pr 100 I also 
bought 800 limes to make Srub [shrub] 

Wednesd 1 1 I worked in the Shop - 

Thursda 12 I did but little work - rain wind S E - last thursday 
I received by mail boat 2 barrels of apples as a present one barrel 
from my Brother in law Hunt and one from Br. George also a 
barrel potatoes from George 

Friday 13 I squeezed my limes for Srub - Rain most of the Day 

Saturd 14 I measured some lumber bought one cag of tobacco 
of Ray Sent 1 1 Dollars to Mr Bailey by Mr Street for licence 

Sunda 15 Thare was a meeting held Mr Dunham Read a sermon 
Mr Gibbs Read prayers - 

Monda 16 I measured some board for James Gould Sold to Vivion 
& Howard I began to make a yard fence for W. A. Dunham 

Teusday 17 I culled some staves for Reuben Ross 

Wednesd 18 I was in my Store most of the day - I worked some 
at Mr Dunhams fence 

Thursda 19 I Stayed in my Store all Day - at Night I took an 
observation of the Noth Star found it, elevated 32° 51' - last June 

113 



when the Days were at the longest I took an observation also and 
found the Noth Star elevated according to my Calculation 29° 56' 
By deviding the 2 extreme parts which is the Difference of the two 
parts and add one half of it to 29° 56' and it will make 31° 23' 30'' 
Which I suppose to be the elavation of that Star when the days & 
Nights are of a length and of course the latitude of the place Darien - 
this is the Second time that I have tryed my wooden instrument and 
find it correct enoughf to afford me some amusement - 

Frida 20 I Stayed in the Store most of the Day 

Saturd 21 I Stayed in the store 

Sunda 22 I went to meeting Mr Gibbs read prayer Doer Drake 
read a Sermon 

Monday 23 I worked some in the Shop 

Teusday 24 I Stayed in my Store - at evening I went to Mr. 
Holzendorfs a number of my Neighbors was meet thare and we en- 
joyed the time by drinking and smokeing a Crismus eve we walked 
to Hampden Mcintoshes and partook of bread & cheese on our 
return we Stoped at Mr Dunhams 

Wedn 25 I stayed in the Store most of the Day at evening - I wint 
to Mr Dunhams took a dish of coffee stayed a short time returned 
home I then went to Mr Grays lost a Dollar at playing Lue [loo] 
returned to my Shop at a yuseal hour and went to bed 

Thursd 26 I Stayed in my Store most of the Day - 

Frida 27 I stayed in the store most of the Day I bought of Mr 
Sillwell I Barrell fish i Barrell Store bread 6 Cags Bisket 

Satur 28 I stayed in the store most of the Day Culled some Pipe 
Staves for Mr Horn and found 20/100 Cullins 

Sunday 29 I left my Store with an intention to go to meeting 
but Did not 

Monday 30 I Stayed in my Store 

Teusda 3 1 I Stayed in my Store 

January 1806 Wedn i I Stayed in my Store bough [t] of Vivion & 
Howard 15 gan [gallons] gin 

TTiursda 2 I Stayed in the Store Settled with D Holstien 

Friday 3 I Stayed in the Store worked some at Harness - 

Saturday 4 I worked some at harness - Very warm for the season 

Sunday 5 Thare was no meeting the Day was pleasant 

Monda 6 I stayed in my store 

Teuda 7 Some rain - I stayed in the Shop bought 15 Gallons 
Jamaca rum of Vivian [&] Howard 

Wednesd 8 I stayed in my Store the evening was cold 

Thursda 9 The morning was uncommonly Cold abundance of 

114 



Ice Some hail & Snow fell the evening Cold Brother Thomas arrived 
here from St Marys by land with some mules Mr Parker in Company 

Frida lo I Stayed in my store worked some at harness 

Saturda 1 1 I bought a lease of E Parks for a lot of land lying in 
Darien No. 59 

Sunday 12 I rode With my Brother Thos to Majr Hopkins - 
we returned I stayed in the Store most of the Day - 

Monda 13 Brother Thomas left here for Savannah left two Mules 
with me for Brother Roswell 

Teusday 14 Some rain fell - in the fore noon in the afternoon the 
Sun Shone 

Weda 1 5 Was Clear & cool I stayed in the store 

Thursda 16 Was extream Cold I stayed in the store 

Friday 17 The weather began to Moderate I made prepareations 
to attend a ball in Darien at Ross [?] & Streets House accordingly I 
did and without a partner - I spent the evening in cheerful Company 
but Did not Dance Br Thomas was thare 

Saturday 18 The Company meet and Dined on the remains of last 
Nights Supper - after Dinner I attended to my own business - I 
counted some staves for Mr Danl Mackleduff The weather begins to 
Moderate 

Sund 19 Brother Thomas has returned here He did not go to 
Savannah He wint no farther than Liberty County I rode with him 
to Majr Hopkins - I returned spen[t] the remainder of the [day] 
in my store - 

Monda 20 I Stayed in the Store 

Teusda 2 1 I Stayed in the Store 

Wedn 22 I Stayed in the Store 

Thursda 23 E Russell came in the Stage He is in good health and 
lately from the Nothard He has brot on sundree articles suitable for 
the Georgia trade - Capn Woodworth is taking in a load of Cedar 
for Thomas to carry to Charleston 

Frida 24 I stayed in the store 

Saturda 25 Thomas left here for Charleston went to St Simons 
& I suppose Roswell will go with him to Charleston in the schooner 
Sea Horse 

Suna 26 I stayed most of the Day in the shop 

Monda 27 I stayed in the shop - 

Teusday 28 One of Thomases Mules died - was sick about 2 days 
had probably eat too Much Corn and got kicked by Capn Twinings 
horses - I got a horse of Capn Twining to ride after the Mules I 
called at John Fabians^^s ]vir Mc Calls^^^ Stoped at Coin Coop- 

I 1 Fi 



ers^^° stayed all night I heard that the mules had gone to Turkey 
Camp plantation 

Wedn 29 I Could not find my horse I Borrowed a horse of Mr 
Hyson [?] Rode to Turkey Camp was informed that the Mules 
had left thare I returned to Darien was informed that my horse was at 
Coin Coopers after Dinner I rode & got my horse returned home 

Thursda 30 I found all the Mules at Darien Capt Twining took 
four of the Mules to work & take Care of 

Friday 31 I Stayed in my Store 

February [1806] Satturda i I Stayed in my Store 

Sunday 2 The inhabitants of Darien were informed that Judge 
Clay^^^ would preach at Mcintosh Court house accordingly [a] 
Number of the inhabitants went - but wire disopointed - The Judge 
did not Come of course there was No Sermon I went & come in the 
Stage 

Monda 3 I Stayed most of the Day in the Store 

Teusda 4 I Stayed in the Store 

Wedn 5 I Staied in the Shop Most of the Day in the Shop 

Thursda 6 I wrote a letter to Joseph Parker at St Marys requesting 
him to Send a box of Orranges to me Majr Butler was at Darien 
I promised to bring Thomas's Mules up tomorrow for him to look at 

Frida 7 Accordingly I brot the mules the Majr Come [to] Chose 
and took two of them - I made some prepareations for to attend 
Mustee [Muster] on Monday Next at Mcintosh Courthouse by order 
of Majr Wood I equipt myself with a Musket Bayonet Carterick &c 

Saturda 8 I hired Norman McDanolds oxen to hall some lumber 
for me I worked in the forenoon with the team and boy and gave 
1.25 cents for the labour 

Sunda 9 I rode in the Stage to the Court-house with an expecta- 
tion to hear a Sermon from Mr Clay but was Disappointed - I stayed 
all night at the Court house in order to do Malitia Duty - 

Monda 10 We ware called at about 1 1 o.c. - stayed on the parrade 
until 2 o.c. - Governor Milledge^^^ & Majr Fosh [Fauche]^^^ came on 
the parade I expected the Governor would have addressed the Battalion 
but He did not I Dined at the Court house and returned home in 
the Stage - 

Teusda 1 1 I worked on my leased lot cut & grubed up the Bushes 
&ca 

Wedn 12 I went [to] Mr Mc Calls to Colnl Coopers & to Mr 
Nephews I got a recept of Coin Cooper for 5 mules I rode Mr Grays 
horse I returned between 7 & 8 O.C. - 

Thursd 13 I am this day 27 years old I am now doing business 

116 



smallly in the grocery line I have bought about $350 Dollars worth 
of goods on a Credit for Messrs Vivian & HoM^ard - 

Frida 14 I Stayed in the Store - 

Sund 16 I stayed in the Store Mr Russell went after oysters - 

Monda 17 I stayed in the Store Most of the Day - I bought of 
George bucanan &ca Boards to the amt. of 30 Dollars and one Cask 
of gin 2 1 Dollars 

Teusda 18 I got a horse & cart & hailed some boards & posts up to 
the Talder House 

[Wed] 19 I worked with B Crane Building a Shed room at the 
Talder House 

Thursday 20 I hailed boards & posts to the Talder Lot for a fence 

Friday 2 1 I worked at making a fence - on the Talder lot - 

Saturda 22 I worked at the fence 

Sunda 23 I stayed in the Shop - 

Monda 24 I finished the front of my Garden fence 

Teusda 25 I worked at hewing posts for my house at the Parks lot 

Wednesd 26 I Stayed some part of the Day in the Store & some 
part of the Day I worked at the Carpenter business 

Thursda 27 I sot out some French Mulbury trees for a Shade on 
the Talder lot Mr Russell helped me 

Friday 28 I worked some at the Carpenters business 

March [1806] Saturda i I Stayed in the store part of the Day 
I attended the vandue of Doer A Plyme Decesd - his things were 
Sold by his admistr consisting of Medcine wareing apparell &ca - I 
bought to the Amt $8.45 % - I settled with Bejn Crane for board & 
House rent but Did not take his receipt - I fell in his Debt $7-25 cts 

Sunda 2 I stayed in the Shop Most of the Day took a walk with 
Mr Divherst^^* up Cathead Creek - 

Monda 3 I counted Shingles for Messrs Brocton & McDonald 
I took the oath of a Constable to serve under Esqr Hopkins 

Teusda 4 I Stayed in the Shop Most of the Day I Bought a barrell 
bread of Mr. Stillwell 

Wedn 5 I Received a letter from Brother Thomas He informs 
me that He received a letter from Bror George and was informed 
thereby that Br Palmer was Dead Says nothing of his illness but that 
he has been unwell for some time and Died the last of Janua - 
He was a good looking Man. I believe he was about 38 years old 
He married my Second oldest Sister and [they] have been married 
about 16 years but Never had any Children They had a Snug prop- 
erty and enjoyed a good living He was a carpenter by trade Lived 
in Simsbury - Connecticut - Brotr. Thomas wrote requesting me to 



117 



Deliver 2 Mules to Mr Wyche accordingly towards evening I went 
in Mr Wyches boat to Clarks Bluff to Deliver 2 Mules Cap Twining 
Had in possession 

Thursda 6 I Delivered the Mules got the order my Brother had 
given for the Mules returned to Darien on my way I got 6 peach 
trees at Linders plantation brot them home set out 4 of them gave 2 
to Mrs. Dunham - Emanul. Russell left here for St Marys proposed 
to be back in about 2 Weeks - 

Friday 7 I Stayed in my Store - bargined with James Person for 
9000 shingles at 2.50 cts pr thousand 4 Dollars to be paid in Cash the 
remaindr in trade 

Satu 8 I Settled with G Street was Due to him $2-62 J^ Lumber 
Measuring and all & all other Acts [Accounts] recconed and Settled - 

Sunda 9 I Settled with James Person for Nine thousand of Shingles 
I was very busy all Day tradeing with the Negroes - 

Mond 10 I Bought of Vivian & Howard 15 Gain, of rum and 15 
Gallons gin 38.93 % cts I paid him for the same 

Teusda 1 1 I traded but little in my Store I Counted Shingles 
for Mr John Buie 

Wensda 12 I finished Counting and Culling Mr Buies Shingles 
which amt to 19,625 - 

Thursday 13 I Stayed in My store Most of the Day Mr Crane 
worked for me under took some time past to frame a house for me 
24 feet in length by 16 ft. for 12 Dollars - 

Friday 14 I rode to Mcintosh Court-house with W A Dunham 
and home by the way of Mr Nephews - On our way we stoped at the 
Court house and a number of other places I had some business to 
transact as Constable which I Did. The Day was not cold altho I 
felt Cold and chilly and to-wards night felt quite unwell we returned 
home could eat no supper went to bed after drinking some Sling 
in to Sweat which I did freely - 

Saturda 15 After giting up I felt unwell could eat no breakfast - 
in the course of the Day I got some medcine from Doctr Drake 
which he prosed to have me take the next morning 

Sunda 16 I took the medicine which he told me was Calomil & 
Rheubarb It operated an emetic & carthartick both after that I con- 
tinued to vomit - Nothing that I drank or eat would stay on my 
Stomach 

Monda 1 7 I continued vomiting the Dctor put a blister on my back 

Teusda 18 I continued vomiting I then told the Doctor I must 
take something to Stop it he prepared me some Medicine which he 
told me I Must [take] I tasted of it after he had prepared about 
one quart which I believe was made of Sago & wine mostly after 

118 



tasting I told him it would vomit me after some talk with an angry tone 
on my part I told him I would take three Dishes of it and if either 
of the three remained on my Stumach I would continue to take his 
medicine otherwise I would take no more of his Medicine I vomited 
up the first cup also the other I then told him I would take no more 
of his medicine 

Wedn 19 I employed Doctor Graham he gave me some Medicine 
which relieved me of my pain and vomiting 

Thursda 20 Doctr Graham was attentive and stayed with me 
part of the Day 

Friday 21 I felt myself some better Majr Hopkins requested me 
to go and Stay at his house 

Saturd 22 Accordingly I did so Mr Russell got a chair and I rode 
with him to Maj Hopkins - 

Sunda 23 A4rs Hopkins was very attentive to me and every thing 
with the greatest readiness and with an air of cheerfulness I think 
any one would git well of a common illness by being in the presence 
of her cheerfuU Smiles - Bror Roswell came from St Simons with 
a boat to carry [me] to his house but the weather was so windy 
& rainy I did not go he Dined at Majr. Hopkins 

Monday 24 Bror left here for St Simons the weather was cold & 
rainy and windy - I remained at Majr Hopkinses untill [blank] 

Thursd 27 And found myself Much better Mr Holstien came 
to see me told me I could go to St Simons with him acordingly I 
left Majr Hopkins's went to Darien on horse back his boats as Mr 
Holstien expected did not come I stayed with Mr. Ho[l]zendorf all 
Night - 

Frida 28 Mr John Cole of Darien Died He was unwell about 4 
Days taken with a pleuretic complant - left a wife & 3 sm.all children 
to lement his loss^^^ 

Saturda 29 A4r Cole was buryed with the honors of freemaisontry 
I attended the burying and afterwards went to Butlers Island Stayed 
all Night 

Sunda 30 I went from thare to St Simons found my Brother and 
family well I Stayed with my Brother untill [blank] 

April [1806] Teusda 8 At this time found myself able to attend 
to my busness and very anxous to return to Darien I got a pas [s] age 
from P[i]kes bluff in Mr Sneeds boat and returned home found my 
affairs much as I left them 

Weda 9 I opened my Shop and Staye[d] thare most of the Day - 
trade is now very Dull and the River low No Corn or lumber for 
sale in Darien. I gain Strength Daily and flatter myself that I Shall 

119 



be well in a few Days - I continued Most of the time in the Shop 
untill [blank] 

Frida 13 I did some work repairing the Keating house Mr Gibbs 
moved thare when I was on St Simons to Riceboro but [he?] left 
the house rent with Mr Johnson Which I Reed - 

Saturday 19 I Stayed in the Shop Mr Vivian and my Self had 
some conversation concerning the taning business - I think we shall 
probably join in Said business for a length of time - 

Sunda 20 I Stayed in my Shop 

Monda 21 I Stayed in the Shop 

Teusda 22 I Hailed some bricks for the Talder house - A4ajr 
Hopkins lent me his horse to work and keep 

Wedn 23 I hailed some more bricks 

Thursday 24 I Stayed in the shop Most of the Day 

Frida 25 I am about to move my goods to the Keating house 
I worked some thare making repairs - 

Saturd 26 I Stayed in my Shop Most of the Day 

Sunda 27 I Stayed in the Shop 

Monda 27 I worked at repairing the Keating [house] 

Teusda 29 I finished my Store room - 

Wedna 30 I Moved some of my goods 

May [1806] [Thursday] i I moved the most of my good[s] 
Some leather & Cider [cedar?] yet to move Slept at the Keating house 

Thursda 2 [ i ] I Stayed in the Shop and moved up some more of 
my things 

Frida 3 [2] I Stayed in my Shop which I have lately moved too 
and made and put my things in proper order 

Satur 4 [3] I made a pair of steps to go up stairs and prepared 
some thing convenient - 

Sunday 5 [4] I rode to Mcintosh Court house stopt at Mr Mc- 
Danolds untill evening 

Monda 6 [5] Unfortunately my horse got away - I did some 
business and returned to Darien with John Wallice [Wallace] in his 
Chair in the evening I went after my horse I Stayed all Night at Mr. 
McDanolds 

Teusdav 7 [6] In the Aborning I rode to the Court house found 
my horse and returned home Stayed in the Shop 

Wedn 8 [7] I bought of John Rae one Hogshead rum Containing 
T I o gain at 6^ cts 

Thursday 9 [8] I Stayed in my Shop - 

Frida ro [9] I Hailed bricks 

Saturda 11 [lo] I Stayed in my Shop - 

Sunday 12 [11] I rode with Capn Fulton to Mr Nephews took 

120 



Diner thare on our way home Stoped at Coin John Coopers - The 
weather had the appearance of rain - 

Monda 1 3 [ 1 2 ] I Stayed in my Store 

Teusda 14 [13] I Stayed in my Store Bought of Vivian & Howard 
15 Gain Gin at 1.3 1 !4 
Wedn 15 [14] I Stayed in my Store bottled off Some beer 

Thursda 15 I bought of Dunham & co 97 Gain Mollasses at 48 cts 
Amt 46.56 % - 

Frida 16 I Stayed in my Store the weather Cool & some rain 

Saturd 17 I Stayed in my Shop some part of the Day I hewed 
Some posts Some rain fell - 

Sunday 18 Much rain fell I Stayed in the Shop Most of the Day 
and Spint the time in reading 

Monda 19 I received 2 letter one from Brother Thomas the other 
from Russell - The weather Showery 

Teusda 20 Showery Weather I hewed some posts for Garden fence 

Wedned 21 I hewed some posts sot some in the ground Wrote 
to Brother Thomas 

Thursd 22 I worked at my fence cut some bushes &ca - 

Frida 23 I Stayed in my Shop worked Some 

Saturd 24 I Stayed in my Shop - 

Sunda 25 I rode with Mr Dunham we went to Barrington from 
thare to EUix [?] Creek to look at his Sawmill found plenty Water 
but the mill not complete nor the dam - when those are completed 
I think it will afford a Small profit to the owners We returned back 
to Barington Stayed all night with Esq Powers 

Monda 26 We left Barington early in the Morning and took 
breakfast at Mr McDanolds from thare to Darien 

Teusda 27 Being an idle day I Dug up Some Stumps before my 
Door 

Wedn 28 I stayed in my Shop and some prepareations to go 
hunting Cleaned my gun &c - 

Thursd 29 I did some writing got 15 Gain rum from Vivian & 
Howard 

Friday 30 I Staye[dl in my Store 

Saturd 3 1 I Stayed in my Store 

June [1806I Sunday i I Staved in my store Business very Dull 
at this time No lumber or Com for sale at Darien 

Mond 2 I Stayed in my Shop - Showery weather 

Teusda 3 I Stayed in my Shop weather showery - 

Wednes 4 Was a rainy Day very little business Done 

Thurs 5 I Stayed in my [shop] Most of the Day and amused 
my Self Sudy [by study ?] 

121 



Frida 6 I made prepareations to go to Muster Show[ery] weather 

Saturd 7 I attended Battalion Muster at Aiclntosh Courthouse 
rode in a chair with Mr Johnson Showery in the afternoon returned 
without geting much Wet 

Sunda 8 I Stayed in the Shop Most of the Day Showery weather 

Monde 9 Some Days past the board of Commisoranus [Commis- 
sioners] for the town of Darien had a meeting and established laws 
for the regalation thereof - Viz W. A. Dunham Virgil H. Vivian 
John L. K. Holzendorf George Street and Scot[t] Cray Commisioners 
Saml Duherst Treasurer, the laws were advertised and to be in full 
force after the 10 Day of said Month. By the said laws trade on the 
Sabath day is forbid and licence for retailing Spiritous liquors Must 
be obtained - I Stayed in my Shop Most of the Day the weather 
showery - 

Teusday 10 I got Licence from Saml Duherst Clark [clerk ?] 
and Treasurer for the town of Darien price $5.50 Thare is at this 
time about 80 white inhabitants 

Wedn 1 1 This day may be considered as the first institution of 
this town [of] Darien and is my opinion that some Day it will be a 
place of great trade but at this time the inhabitants are generally poor 
and may be called indolent in comparison to other parts of the United 
States 

Thursd 12 I Stayed in the Shop - 

Friday 13 I Stayed in my Shop business dull 

Saturd 14 Mrs. Sturling Died after a lingering illness of six or eight 
months I Suppose she was between 50 & 60 years of age She left a 
respectable Son & Daughter to lement her - 

Sunda 15 I went to the buring and after the ceremony was past 
we were invited to Dine after Dinner we had a large Shower of 
rain toward evening I returned home 

Mond 16 I Stayed in my Shop Most of the Day 

Teusda 17 also I Stayed in my Shop 

Wedn 18 also, times dull and the weather warm - Capt. Harden & 
Embury with two rafts lumber consisting Mostly of Boards 

Thursda 19 T measured part of one raft boards they were sold to 
George Bucanan &ca 

Frida 20 Capt Emberys raft (jot away and the lumber scatered 
I measured none - Benjamin Collins^^^ had his left leg cut off the 
operation was preformed by Doctor Drake as principle Surgeon 
Doctor Bartlett & Doc Price attendants the opperation was preformed 
at 7 o.c. in the Morning 

Satturda 21 I Measured lumber Martin Harden left here Joseph 

122 



Parker came here from St Marys with a boat loaded with Salt belong- 
ing [to] Brother Thomas 

Sunda 22 I Spent most of the Day with Mr Parker at Esq Mulryne 
the Day showery 

Monday 23 I Measured lumber from morning till Night 

Teusday 24 I finished Measuring the two rafts the Day showery 

Wednesd 25 Much rain fell Mr Parker left here went up the 
River with his boat intending to exchange his load for Corn & bacon 

Thursda 26 I wrote to brother Thomas - that Parker had pro- 
ceded up the River - yesterday Mr Alexanr. Powell had his right 
leg Cut off the operation was preformed by Doer Drake I Did not 
see the operation 

Frida 27 I Stayed Most of the Day within the shop 

Satu 28 I Stayed in my shop Most of the Day at Night I went 
to black Island with Wm McKay Stayed with him - 

Sunday 29 I went from Black Island to Herds Island took Break- 
fast with Mr Newton^^'^ on my way back took Dinner at A'lr McKays 
and then returned to Darien took Supper at Mr Dunhams - Previous 
to this I agreed to Board with him at 3.00 cents pr week I have been 
Much Displesd with Mr Cranes Board I Settled with him yesterday 
he owes me a few Dollars - I now make it my home at Mr Dunhams 
whare I hope to spend my time very agreeable He has a libra [ry] 
of excelent Books - 

Monday 30 The River at this time is high Mr Gould has a 
quantity of lumber on the river and allready arrived at this place 
I measured some lumber - 

July [1806] Teusd i Was extreeme hot I measured lumber 

Wedn 2 I measured lumber the weather hot - 

Thursda 3 Silas Johnson left here and now is on his way to 
Connectticut 

Frida 4 Last Night I spent boath with the Dead and the Sick 
Mr Stuart from ogeechee ferry lately moved to this place to Keep a 
boarding house was taken ill Died last evening after a few Days illness 
his Widow is unwell an[d] confined to her bed. after Shaving and 
dressing the Corpse I got about 2 Hours Sleep - I spent Some part 
of the Day in reading - And after the funerl ceremony was was over I 
Spent the evening [in] social company 

Saturda 5 I attended to my business Measuring lumber at Night 
I had a wish to go to bed at an early hour 

Sunday 6 Spent the Day in reading 

Monda 7 I Spent most of the Day in my Shop - I measured some 
lumber - TTie Day Showery - 

Teusda 8 I went to help raise a dwelling house for W A Dunham 

123 



down at the lower Bluff - After working some time [I] had occasion 
to lift more than I ought to have done strained my back it became 
painfull I returned home 

Wednd 9 I felt very stiff and sore I measured some lumber 

Thursda 10 I measured lumber for Mr Gould and Nephew - 
went up Cathead Creek after a raft got wet 

Frida 1 1 I Stayed in my Shop Sold Daniel Holstien 43 hides 
and Some Skins - took shoes for pay - I went to Butlers Island with 
my Brother returned home 

Saturd 12 I went up to Mr Nephews plantation on Cathead to 
measur raft boards 

Sunda 13 I made out Some bill [for] lumber for Mr Nephew 
I Spent Some part of the Day in reading 

Monday 14 I Spent Most of the Day in my Shop - in the evening 
I wint with Mr. Dunham to hunt a place Suitable to burn a lime Kiln - 

Teusda 15 I Stayed in my Shop most of the Day 

Wedn 1 6 I Stayed in my Shop - 

Thursda 17 I Served 5 Summons's as Constable - In the evening 
I went to Mr McDanold Stayed all night - 

Frida 18 I went on my Business to Sapelow I took breakfast at 
Mr McLeoads from thare I went to Harrisses neck took Dinner at 
Mr Abernatha's Did my business with him returned towards home 
Stayed all Night [at] Mr Cambells 

Saturd 19 I returned home I rode Mr Hecavers [?] horse He 
charged me Nothing for the use of him 

Sunda 20 Took Breakfast and Dinner at Esqr Murynes [Mulrynes] 
Joseph Parker Came Down the alatamaha with Corn 250 bushells 
belonging to him & Bro Thos. I walked to Mrs Coles took tea there - 
I Reced a letter from E Russell Dated New york I this evening con- 
clude to Settle my business and go to Connecticut on a visit 

Aionda 21 I made all the prepareations that I could Sold some 
of my goods to Joseph Parker Settled some of my accounts 

Teusda 22 I was very busy Sold some things Settled some ac- 
counts went to St Simons with Mrs. Gordon Stayed at Mr Wm 
Clubbs^^^ - Mr Parker and Sherwod in Company Mrs Gordon went 
on to St Marys with her boat Mrs Gordon is a Woman that I am 
pearshall to her ways are agreeable and her conversation Sensable - 

Wedn 23 I walked from old town to my Brothers Took Breakfast 
with my Brother and bid my Sister in law good by and in haste 
came with my Brother I came to tide Island from thare got to Darien 
Settled some of my business - 

Thursday 24 I Sold off a number of things prepared my Qothes 
Settled some accounts - last teusday Doct Bartlett Dyed after a short 

124 



illness quite in putrid state left a wife and 3 Children he has lived in 
this Place about six months - has lived in Hartford in Connecticut 
some year past^^^ Mrs Bartlett has sent 2 letters by me to her friends 
thare Mr. George Patten is a particular friend of hers request me 
to call and see his Mother Lucretia Bartlett - Mrs Bartlett gave me 
five Dollars to [buy] Lottery tickets for her Daughters in N. York 
either in half tickets or !4 tickets - Doctor Saml Drake gave me a 
letter of Recomendation to his Brother in law Duncan McCall comer 
of libberty and Washington Street^^" 

Frida 25 I rented part of my Shop to Joseph Linder for 3 Dollars 
pr Month - the other part I have stored my things in and left the Key 
with Samuel Duherst. I have settled my business as far as the Small 
length of time would permit - am in want of more Money to bear my 
expenses than I shall be able to colect 

Saturd 16 I expect to leve here to Day with Mr Scot Cray go 
on board Sloop George Capt Russell Fowler^^i Master now lying in 
Sapelo River after biding my Neybours good by took Dinner left 
Darien 2 o.c. in a chair with Mr Cray Stayed at Sapelo brige all Night 

Sund 27 We left Capt Camels after breakfast went to Airs Barbara 
JVlcintoshe's^"- gave two Dollars for boat and hands to take us and 
trunks to Surtherlins [Sutherlands] Bluff whare the Sloop is lying 
put our trunks on board went a shore took Dinner at Mr Kirks^^^ and 
was yused with much politeness took supper at Mr Kurks Slep on 
board 

A'londa 28 Capt R. Fowler went [to] see his Brother James 
Fowler^^^ to bring him on board to go as passenger and his wife 
also— he returned without them took super at Mr Thom[a]s Kirks - 
Slep on board - 

Teusda 29 Sat sail run Down to Black beard Island arrived thare 
at 10 O.C. in morning - went a fishing for clams and Crabs caught 
few - 

Wednd 30 Scot Cray and my Self two hands and in a Boat wint 
after Claims caught none worth notice we caught a few Crabs was 
all- 

Thursd 31 Sailed up to or back to Sapelo high pint and went a 
shore to get some water mellions and eggs Capt James Fowler came 
on Board with his Avife and her son William A^clntosh a bov about 
8 years old - 

August [1806I Frida i We weighed ankor about 9 OC in the 
morning after waiting some time for a hand that had gone a Shore 
the Capt left him I offered to Serve in his room rather than wait 
the Capt excepted of my offer \vt maid no bargin telling him that 
[he] mite give me whatever he pleased Wind a head beat over the 

125 



bar was over at one O.C. wind Shifted to S.E. pleasant weather light 
breeze 

Saturd 2 at 12 O.C. we was in Lattitude of Savannah fair light 
breeze from S.S.W. 

Sunda 3 Fair light Breeze from S.W. at 1 2 OC we was in lattitude 
32" 18' 

Monda 4 Wind from same quarter 12 OC Lat. 33° 20' the wind 
blew strong breeze 

Teusday 5 A little past 1 2 O.C. We came in sight of Cape lookout 
run between that and the land and then shifted our course to avoid 
Cape Hatteras run N.E. 

Wedn 6 Becalmed part of the Day light breeze from S.W. 
pleasant weather 

Thursda 7 We found ourselves in Lattitude 36° 7' Shifted our 
Course run N.W. Saw 5 or 6 grampus Whales Some of them Came 
near to our vessel and the baks of them appeared to be as large as 
th[e] [bottojm of a sloop of 50 tuns 

Friday 8 We run in latitude 36° 36' Spoke a pilot boat soon 

[came]e in Sight of land early in the evening the light house on 

Cape Heniry run past it [came] to an anker at the mouth of Chesa- 
peake [Ba]y at about 12 o.c. at night 

Saturda 9 The wind ahead lifted ankor and tryed to beat made 
but little way came to an ankor the wind Shifted hoisted ankor run 
with a fair wind within four miles of Norfolk tide against us came 
to an ankor 

Sunday 10 early in the morning arrived at Norfolk went a shore 
took Some walks about the town took breakfast at the Coffee house 
went to the market which is well supplyed with Meat and fruit and 
some fish - I went with Capt Fowler and Mr Cray to a Alethodist 
meeting in forenoon after Dinner went to the Navy vard by land 
which is in Portsmouth which is on the oppisite Side of the river 
from Norfolk and about one mile distant by water and three by land 
crossing over 2 long 

Wedned 20 Cam[e in slight of Mount vernon the house of 
Gene[ral Wjashington is bautifully orimented with dif[ferenlt kinds 

of Shade tree the house is [bu]ilt of wood and not so elagant as 

I ex[pectedl the out buildings very neat and regular built I am told 
that his Nephew Mr Bushrod Washington resides in the house^24 ^j^g 
house fronts the S.E. and over looks the River which is about one 
mile wide I much pleased with the beutiful banks of this River it is 
n[ot] Mountainous but hilly 

Thursd 21 Runing past Allexandra we arrived at Washingto[n] 

126 



City six miles further up went a Shore spent the after [noon] walking 
put up at Mr Drummonds tavern 

Frida 22 I walked most of the Day with Mr Cray 

Saturda 23 Spent most of the Day in walking same rain and high 
wind 

Sunda 24 We got our trunks on Shore took them to Mr Drum- 
monds hired a hack coack [coach] rode to Georgetown returned in 
the evining - 

Monda 25 We went in the packet Allexandrea Went to the play 
house was very well entertained 

Teusday 26 Returned in the same boat spent Most of the Day 
in the navy yard took Dinner with Mr Carberry the lumber Measurer - 
toward evening went with Mr Cray to the uppe[r par]t of the town 

Wedn 27 Mr Cray got his live oak lum[ber] [an]d spent so [me] 
time in the Navy yard - did [some] writing - took Supper at Mr 
Carberry s - [Wrote] a letter to brother Roswell Did not send [it] 

Thursday 28 I settled my Boarding account [with] Mr Drummond 
hired a coach went with Mr [Cray to the] Navy office war office 
and back whare he [rece]ived his pay for the Cargo of live oak - 
Settled with Captn Russell Fowler made prepareations to leave here 
tomorrow for Philadelphia 

[Fri]day 29 We took our trunks to Stells Hotell entered as Stage 
passengers to Baltimore which is about 40 miles Distant Stage fair 
$4 - Left Washington half past 6 O.C. in the morning arrived at 
Baltimore at 5 o.c. P.M. - no places on the road Worthy of Note 
I spent the evening walking about the town it has a good market 
and appearantly much Country trade this town has groan I suppose 
on[e] 5th within five years which time has elapsed since I was here - 
Paid my Stage fare to Philadelphia which was $8.00 

Saturda 30 Left here at 4 O.C. morning past through small 
towns Crossed a number of fine Mill S[t] reams Gunpowder at the 
falls Brandywine and Susquahanah Rivers the last river we crossed 
at Haverdegrasse [Harve de Grace, Maryland] and arrived at a small 
town called Chester about four miles to the westard [east] of of Wilm- 
ington in Daleware State Started on the Stage at 5 o.c. Went through 

Sunday 31 W[ilming]ton and arrived at Philadelphia at - - - 

P[u]t up at John Frances's tavern Sit[uated si]de on queen [at] 

south-fourth [street] Dinner I went to the Museum 

-11 entertained after leveing thare --t town 

September [1806] Monday i --n& Stillwells store 

found Capt went with me to my lodging Whare he found 

Mr Cray all rejoiced to see one another took a walk Mr Stillwell 
came to See us We then walked to the Different Banks the jail or 

127 



States Prison wFiare we saw a number of Criminals at work at Dif- 
ferent Kinds of Aleccanical business some are put in for a short time 
and some for life after seeing those objects of wretchedness we went 
to the Hospital which is a large Spacious building said to be founded 
by Wm. Penn^"^ the Hospital is keep in a very cleanly Manner 
[which] far Surpassed my expectation for neatness Mr Stillwell told 
me that the greatest attention was paid to the sick by the best of 
Phisians and nursing of the most attentive kind Was invited by Capt 
Keen to take dinner with him tomorrow - 

Teusda 2 After walking about the Citty some time in the Morning 
I went with Cray & Hurley to Dine with Capt Keen had a fine Dinner 
was well entertaine[d] in conversation from the Short acquaintance 
I have had with Capt Keen I think him to be one of the most worthy 
men I have ever meet with 

Wedn 3 I made prepareations to go in Stage to N York paid 
my bill at my boarding house and Stage fare borrowed of Scot Cray 

50 $ and left Philadelphia at 8 o.c. A.M. the [weather] wet and 

disagreeable the stage put up abo[ut ] from N York 

Thursda 4 Started in stage at Daylight [Hu]dson river 

and arrived at New York [p]utupat the Stage office 

keept b[y ]voost I walked about the Citty wit[h out meet- 
in ]g any boddy having some knoledge of Mr John Ross being in the 
City I found his lodgings and had the pleasure of seeing him after 
making some inquiries he told me that he was soon going to Savannah 
with his family^^^ I returned to my lodgings 

Friday 5 I found an old School mate Horrice Hensdale a Silver 
Smith keeps a shop in broad way^^'^ I was very glad to see him. In our 
conversation we brot fresh to mind many of our transaction which 
had past togeather when school boys - I engaged a passage to Pough- 
keepsie in Capt Thom Noths Sloop - I went to the Park and some 
of the gardens went to see the live Lion returned to my lodging for 
dinner 

Saturda 6 I took brakfast at Hinesdales he has been married a 
few months and keeps house - I went to the Bank got money changed 
put a letter in the post office containing one hundred dollar Bill 
done by the request of James Fowler the letter Directed to Andrew 
Fowler Guilford Connectticut^^s - I left N. York - at 1 1 [O.C] A.M. 
in Capt Thom Noths Sloop head wind 

Sunda 7 the high lands wind noth 

Mond 8 at Poughkeepsie got a passage to Phila 

his waggon within 1 5 miles of Sharon night early in the 

morning in a chair 

Teusda 9 [Arrived] Sharon at 10 o.c. A.M. I went in the 

128 



to Bro Hunts he did not know me [I told h]im my Name - 

with great Surprise - - - me unexpectedly appeared to be much 
rejoiced to see me I found my Brother and Sister Hunt & family all 
well Bror Georges family all well - three of his Children have married 
since I left Sharon Viz George to Betty Beacher [,] Tryphena to 
Williams^^^ [,] Harriet to Hezekiah Roberts^^" - Many alteration in 
the town of Sharon too numerous to mention very few people 
know me and the young men that were boys when I left here have 
grown out of my knoledge some of the inhabitants have moved a way 
others are dead I have not now time to describe many things worthy 
of note 

Wedn 10 I rode to Salsbury with my Nephew George King the 
roads in Sharon are much altered for the better a turnpike leading to 
Poughkeepsie an[d] an other to Litchfield nearly completed - 

Thursd 1 1 I spent the Day walking rideing & renewing some old 
acquaintance geathering fruit in the gardens spending time alternately 
with my friends 

Frida 12 I spent some part of the Day in [ri]deing about Some 
rain fell streets mudy - 

Saturd 13 I went to the Cider mill ra[in in the] morning went to 

see E Russell was rode home on baggage [ ? ] Spent the evening 

nt 

Sunda 14 I went to meeting heard Mr -w ordained Minister 

preach - Mr Cot [ton Mather Smit]h the former Minister has declined 
pr[eaching on] account of age and infirmity 

Monday 15 I made prepareations to go to Windsor 

Teusda 16 I rode to Windsor Bro George and his wife rode in 
chair in company we stayed at Sister Miriams She has lately Married 
to Solomon Allen of that town 

Wedned 17 I went to my Fathers found him and my step Mother 
comfortably well for people of thare age Stayed thare Most of the Day 

Thursday 1 8 Went to Hartford and to Capt Windsor - During my 
stay at Windsor I visited most of my old acquaintance 

Thursd 25 I bid my Parents Adieu thinking I should not probably 
ever see them again - I bid my Sister and Brother Allen good by then 
rode to Hartland Stayed at my uncle Reuben Bumhams^^^ 

Friday 26 I Stayed thare most of the Day went to Thomas Burn- 
hams took supper thare^^^ 

Saturd 27 I left Hartland went to Colebrook Stayed at my old 
friends Daniel Eno 

Sunday 28 I rode from thare to Canaan went to meeting thare in 
forenoon then rode to Sharon 

October [1806] [Friday] 10 I have spent the last twelve Days 

129 



amongst [my friejnds at Sharon, yesterday I Bid most [of my fjriends 
adieu with hopes of seeing the[m again the] re is a posibility but not 
a gre[at probabilitjy of it 

Saturd ii my Brother George & his family [we a]ll rode to 

Poughkeepsie in Waggon - - - [Ge]orge King Junr my Nephew 

went on Thomas Noth Sloop and Started [for New] York 

and arrived thare Mon[day] morning 

Monday 13 I arrived here [New York] nothing remarkable on the 
pasage 

Thursday 16 I left New York in the Brig Clinton Capt Dellano 
for Savannah after taking leave of my Nephew when in York I 
put up at Hagermans Choonches Slip Spent 2 Nights at the playhouse 

Monda 27 I arrived at Savannah Nothing remarkable on our 
pasage I left a small trunk one cag of Cherry brandy one cag of 
preserves and 2 beaming knives with Mr Woodruff [at] Boltons 
wharf to be sent on with Capt Gage 

Wedn 29 I left Savannah for Darien in the Stage 

Thursd 30 I arrived a[t] Darien found my friends all alive but 
have been very sick Most of them I began to board at Mr Dunhams 

Notes 

iTiraothy King, of Windsor, Coun., died 18 Jan. 1812, aged 84 years. 
He was married 1st on 19 April 1753 to Sarah Fitch, also of Windsor, 
who died 20 May 1785, aged 50 years. She was the daughter of Joseph 
Fitch, III, and Sarah (Shaler) Fitch, and sister to John Fitch, inventor 

of the steamboat. Timothy King was married 2nd to Martha . 

No record of the marriage has been found to date, but "Mrs. Martha King, 
wife of Timothy" was admitted to the Bloomfield, Conn. Congregational 
Church on 4 Nov. 1798. Timothy King's will, written 14 Dec. 1807 and 
probated 12 Mar. 1812 is on file at the Connecticut State Library, Hart- 
foM. He mentioned his wife Martha, four sons, and three married daughters. 
Known children of Timothy and Sarah (Fitch) King: 

1) George King, born Windsor, Conn., 25 Jan. 1754 and died 21 Nov. 
1831; was married 1st 13 Aug. 1776 to Triphena Latimer who died 
16 Feb. 1812, aged 53 years; was married 2nd to Anna Piatt who 
died 28 March 1843, aged 83 years. All were buried at Hillside 
Cemetery, Sharon, Conn. 

2) Timothy King, born Windsor, Conn., 14 Oct. 1755 and died Windsor, 
Conn., 17 June 1758. 

3) Reuben King, born Windsor, Conn., 8 May 1758 and died "on his 
return from captivity in New York," Jan. 1777. (Bloomfield Cong. 
Church Records). 

4) Sarah King, born Windsor, Conn., 17 June 1760; was married 8 Sept. 
1779 at Bloomfield, Conn, to Aaron Bates of Hartland, Conn. 

5) Timothy King, died 8 Sept. 1765, " age about 32 mo." (Ibid.). 

6) Roswell King, born Windsor, Conn., 3 May 1765 and died Roswell, 
Ga., 15 Feb. 184 4, buried at the Old Cemetery, Roswell, Ga. He was 
married ca. 1792 to Catherine Barrington who died 23 April 1839, 
aged 63 years, 2 mo. and was buried at Blue & Hall Road, near 
Darien, Ga. 

130 



7) Miriam King, baptised Congregational Church, Bloomfield, Conn., 30 
Aug. 1767. She may have been the daughter who was married ca. 1790 to 
Palmer Bates who died in Jan. 1806. By Sept. 1806 she had married 
Solomon Allen, Jr. of Windsor, Conn. 

8) Thomas King, born Windsor, Conn., 18 Sept. 1770. His will was 
signed 28 March 1842 and recorded 6 Dec. 1845 in Jackson Co., Fla. 
Thomas was married 1st in June 1803 at St. Marys, Ga. to Sarah 
Meers of Hartford, Conn., who died during the yellow fever epidemic 
on 30 Sept. 1808, aged 25 years; buried at Oak Grove Cemetery, St. 
Marys, Ga. She was the daughter of Solomon and Sarah (Daggett) 
Meers, and the granddaughter of President Naphtali Daggett of Yale 
College. Thomas King was married 2nd in the fall of 1811 to Jerusha 
Starr of Litchfield, Conn., the daughter of Daniel and Rachel (Buell) 
Starr. She was born 5 April 1789 and probaby died in Twiggs Co., 
Ga. on 12 Nov. 1870. 

9) Abigail ("Nabby") King, baptised Congregational Church, Bloom- 
field, Conn., 31 Jan. 1773 and died 16 Oct. 1863; was married 31 
Mar. 1793 at Bloomfield to Isaac Hunt who died 21 April 1822, 
aged 58 years. Both were buried at Hillside Cemetery, Sharon, Conn. 

10) Reuben King, born 13 Feb. 1779, baptised Congregational Church, 
Bloomfield, Conn., 7 Mar. 1779 and died in 1867; was married 12 
Dec. 1812 to Abigail Austin who died 13 July 1863. Both were buried 
at the King Cemetery, Pine Harbor, Mcintosh Co., Ga. (A marriage 
record dated 5 April 1811, Liberty Co., Ga. shows that a Reuben King 
was married to Rosanna Hamilton at St. Simons Is., Glynn Co., Ga. 
by John Cooper. Tto date it has not been proven that this was a first 
marriage for Reuben King, author of this Journal). 

11) Timothy King, died Sharon, Conn., 18 Feb. 1800, aged 20 years. 
Buried at Hillside Cemetery, Sharon, Conn. 

The following manuscripts pertaining to Connecticut are found at the 
Connecticut State Library, Hartford: Bloomfield Congregational Church 
Records; Barbour Index to Connecticut Vital Recods, Windsor Vital 
Records, Vol. 2, pp. 167, 245, 370, 371; Litchfield Vital Records, Vol. 
1, p. 201; Will, Bond, Inventory in estate of Timothy King, 1812, Hart- 
ford Probate District; Charles R. Hale Collection, Headstone Inscriptions. 
See also Roscoe Conkling Fitch, History of the Fitch Family (Haverhill, 
Mass. [1930?]), II, 209; Sarah Blackwell Gober Temple. The First Hundred 
Years, A Short History of Cobb County. In Georgia (Atlanta, 1935), 829; 
Samuel Bradlee Doggett, A History of the Doggett-Daggett Family (Boston, 
1894), 118, 121; Burgis Pratt Starr, A History of the Starr Family of New 
England (Hartford, 1879), 147-150; J. B. Whitfield, Directory of the State 
Government [Florida], County Officers in 1885, Jackson Co.; Columbian 
Museum & Savannah Advertiser, 25 June 1803; St. Marys, Camden Co., Ga., 
Oak Grove Cemetery Inscriptions, MS (St. Marys Womens Club, 1953) at the 
Georgia Historical Society, p. 26; Will of Thomas King, Jackson Co., Fla., 
Estate Book B, pp. 341-42; Liberty Co., Ga., Ordinary, Loose Papers, 1784-1896 
(marriage record of Reuben King and Rosanna Hamilton), microfilm, Ga. 
Dept. Archives and History; Caroline B. Hart, King House, Sharon, Conn., 
1769-1965, MS, copy at the Georgia Historical Society. 

2E3vidently meant commemoration of birth of George Washington. 

sProbably the Rev. Joseph Warren Grossman, born Taunton, Mass., 7 Aug. 
1775; died Salisbury, Conn., 13 Dec. 1813; grad. Brown Uni., 1795; married 
Lucy Strong of Conventry, Conn. He served as pastor of the Congregational 
Church, Salisbury, Conn, from 1797 until his death. Rev. Emerson Davis, 
Biographical Sketches of the Congregational Pastors of New England, IV, 
377-78, MSS, Congregational Library, Boston, Mass.; Ecclesiastical History of 
Connecticut (New Haven, 1861), 473. 

4The Rev. Cotton Mather Smith, son of Dea. Samuel and Jerusha 
(Mather) Smith, born Suffield, Conn., 16 Oct. 1731; died Sharon, Conn., 

131 



2fi Nov. 1806; grad. Yale College, 1751; settled in Sharon, Conu. where 
he was ordained pastor of the First Congregational Church 23 Aug. 1755, 
and served until his death; Revolutionary War chaplin at Ticonderoga and 
Canada in 1775. He married Mrs. Temperance (.Worthington) Gale, born 
S April 1732; died Albany, N.Y., 26 June 1800; widow of Dr. Moses Gale 
of Goshen, N.Y., and daughter of the Rev. William Worthington in Say- 
brook, Conn. Rev. and Mrs. Smith were buried at Hillside Cemetery, 
Sharon, Conn. According to Dexter, ". . it could truthfully be said of him 
at the close of his life that probably no minister ever had in a greater 
degree the confidence and affection of his flock". Ibid., 475. Franklin Bow- 
ditch Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Gradvates of Yale College, (New 
York, 1898), II, 169-71. 

BPerhaps the Ichabod Rogers who was married 15 Oct. 1776 at Sharon, 
Conn, to Sarah Gillet. Lawrence VanAlstyne, Born, Married and Died, In 
Sharon, Connecticut, from 1721 to 1S79 (Sharon, Conn., 1897), 107. 

«Now Hillside, Columbia Co., N.Y. 

^Probably the Emanuel Russell of Litchfield, Conn., who died 18 Jan. 
1865, aged 85 years. He was married 2 Nov. 1801 at Sharon, Conn, to Betsey 
Williams of Sharon. Buried New Britain, Conn. Litchfield, Conn, Vital 
Records, Vol. 2, p. 28; Hale MSS, see note 1. 

8The inventory of Timothy King's estate, dated 10 April 1800, is on file 
at the Connecticut State Library, Hartford. Bond, dated 8 April 1800, was 
signed by George King and Isaac Hunt, both of Sharon, Conn. To judge 
from the inventory, Timothy King was a cabinet maker or carpenter. 

9Probably the George King, son of George King, bapt. Congregational 
Church, Bloomfield, Conn., 12 Jan. 1777. 

loprobably the Daniel Enos (Eno), son of Samuel and Mercy (Gillet) 
Manly Enos, born Windsor, Conn., 12 Jan. 1780; died 9 Mar. 1860; was 
married 23 Dec. 1800 to Chloe Mills of Colebrook, Conn. She died 8 Mar. 
1854, aged 73 years. Both buried Center Cemetery, Colebrook, Conn. 
Windsor, Conn. Vital Records, Vol. 2, p. 330; Hale MSS, see note 1. 

iiProbably unguintum, a general term for a variety of ointments in com- 
mon use at the time. 

i2The Hon. Judson Canfield, son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Judson) Can- 
field, was born at New Milford, Conn., 23 Jan. 1759 and died in New York 
City, 5 Feb. 1840; graduate of Yale College, 1782; was married 5 March 
1786 to Mabel Ruggles of New Milford, Conn. Judson Canfield went to Sharon, 
Conn, in 1786 where he enjoyed a successful law practice for 28 years, served 
in the Connecticut House of Representatives, 1791-1809, and was Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas for several years. In 1815 he removed to Can- 
field, Mahoning Co., Ohio which had been named in his honor in 1798. New 
Milford, Conn. Vital Records, Vol. R, p. 10; Samuel Orcutt, History of New 
Milford and Bridgewater, Conn., 1703-1882 (Hartford, 1882), p. 682; Sedg- 
wick, Town of Sharon, 116, 187-88. 

iSAlso known as Western Reserve, in what is now Ohio. 

i-iHerman Canfield, son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Judson) Canfield, was 
born at New Milford, Conn., 19 May 1771 and was married to Titia Bost- 
wick. In 1805 he settled in Canfield, Ohio and established the second per- 
manent mercantile business with Zalmon Fitch. New Milford. Conn. Vital 
Records, Vol. R, p. 10; Orcutt, New Milford, 683; History of Trumbull and 
Mahoning Counties [Ohio]) (Cleveland, 1882), II, 12-13, 18. Mrs. Gertrude 
Van Rensselaer Wickham, ed.. Memorial to the Pioneer Women of the West- 
ern Reserve (1896), Part 3 pp. 388, 390. 

isprobably the Bradford Waldo, son of Cyprian and Hannah Waldo, who 
was born at Sharon, Conn., 30 Dec. 1773. In 1803 Bradford Waldo settled in 
Canfield, Ohio, remaining only a few years before moving on to Portage Co., 
Ohio. "He was noted as a wit, and had a gift for making impromptu doggerel 
verses, which were sometimes extremely amusing." Hist. Trumbull, 12, 13; 
Sedgwick, Town of Sharon, 159: VanAlstyne, Born, 132. 

132 



leWalter Burr, son of Col. David Burr of Fairfield, Conn, and Eunice 
(Osborne) Burr, was born 25 Dec. 1752 and was married 17 Sept. 1778 at 
Sharon, Conn, to Mabel St. John. "Walter Burr was from Fairfield. He 
lived at what is called the Burr place . . . and owned a very valuable farm, 
portion of which is in the State of New York." Charles Burr Todd, The Burr 
Family (New York, 1902), 158, 186. Sedgwick, Town of Sharon, p. 115. 

ifThe township of Rowland, near Warren, was located in what is now 
Trumbull Co., Ohio. 

isProbably the Calvin Tobias, who died 20 April 1812, aged 42 years. 
Buried Ellsworth Cemetery, Sharon, Conn. In 1801 he settled in Canfield, 
Ohio. Hale MSS, see Note 1; Hist. Trumbull, 12. 

i9Ichabod Atwood, Revolutionary Soldier. He settled in Canfield, Ohio, 
and in 1801 purchased a sawmill, then under construction, which he com- 
pleted and ran in 1802. Buried at Canfield Village Cemetery, Canfield, Ohio. 
VanAlstyrae, Born, 7; Frank D, Henderson, compiler. Soldiers of the Ameri- 
can Revolution Buried In the State of Ohio (Columbus, 1929), 21; Hist. 
Trumbull, 12, 13, 17. 

2opiiilemon Beecher was born in Kent, Litchfield, Conn, in 1775 and died 
Lancaster, Fairfield Co., Ohio, 30 Nov. 1839 where he practiced law until 
his death. He studied law, was admitted to the bar and removed to Lancaster, 
Ohio in 1801. Member of the State House of Representatives in 1803, 1805-07 
(Speaker in 1807); Unsuccessful candidate for election to U.S. Senate; Judge 
of the Ohio Supreme Court; Major-General in State Militia; elected as a 
Federalist to the U.S. Congress, 1817-1821. Biographical Directory of the 
American Congress, 1111^19^9 (Washington, D. C, 1950), 832-33. 

2i"Colonel Robert Reed, who came here from Cumberland county, Pennsy- 
lyvania, was the first settler of this township, and also the first tavern 
keeper in Butler county, having opened a house of entertainment on the 
Franklin road in 1797, when there was only one other house on the trail to 
Franklin. He died in 1849, after having achieved a reputation as a good 
tavern keeper, an efficient militia officer and an expert woodsman and 
hunter". History of Butler Co., Pennsylvania (1895), I, 634. 

22Probably the Rev. Abraham Boyd, who was born in Ireland, Dec. 1770 and 
died ca. 1855. He first settled in Westmoreland Co., Penn. with his father, 
John Boyd, and was educated at Canonsburg Academy. Licensed to preach in 
June 1800 by the Presbytery of Ohio, he was located in Allegheny Co., Penn. 
for many years. He established the Westminster and Buffalo Presbyterian 
Churches in Butler Co., Penn. and was a well known minister in that area. 
Ibid, II, 760; Alfred Nevin, ed., Encyclopaedia of the Presbyterian Church in 
the United States (Philadelphia, 1884) 89; Records at the Historical Founda- 
tion of the Presbyterian and Reformed Churches, Montreal, N. C. 

23Albert Gallatin, born Geneva, Switzerland, 29 Jan. 1761 and died Astoria, 
Long Island, N. Y., 12 Aug. 1849; Revolutionary Soldier; U. S. Senator and 
Representative from Penn.; Sec. of the Treasury, 1801-14, under Presidents 
Jefferson and Monroe; founder of the American Ethnological Society. Richard 
B. Morris, ed.. Encyclopedia of American History (New York, 1961), 712. 

24Eleazer Gillson, of Goshen, Orange Co., N. Y.; Revolutionary Soldier; died 
Canfield, Ohio in 1841, aged 87 years; presumably married to Mary Brockway, 
In the fall of 1799 the Gillsons removed to Maghoning Co., Ohio and were the 
third family to settle in Canfield. According to Wickham, "He was one of the 
first emigrants to Ohio, and the first mail carrier on the post road between 
Pittsburgh and Cleveland. He carried the whole mail in his pocket on foot". 
The daughter who died may have been Fanny Gillson, bapt. in the Sharon, 
Conn. Congregational Church, 12 Aug. 1792 with five other Gillson children. 
Sedgwick, Town of Sharon, 127; VanAlstyne, Born, 51; Connecticut Observer, 
17 April 1841; Wickham,Pioneer Women, 389; Henderson, Soldiers, 158. 

25Richard F. Williams was a resident of Chatham Co., Ga. in 1802. He died 
in Savannah, Ga., 2 June 1836, aged 55 years. His brother may have been the 
Thomas F. Williams, also a resident of Chatham Co. in 1802. He died in 

133 



Savannah, Ga., 18 Nov. 1816, aged 44 years. Virginia S. Wood and Ralph V. 
Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery (Cambridge, Mass, 1964), 378; The Geor- 
gian (Savannah), 8 June 1836, p. 2, col. 5; Caroline Price Wilson, Annals o/ 
Georgia, Vol. Ill, Mortuary Records (Savannah, 1933), 117. 

26Probably the Oliver Bissell son of Samuel and Mary (Kibbe) Bissell, born 
Windsor, Conn., 13 Oct. 1753; served during the Revolutionary War with the 
Massachusetts Line; was a resident of Washington Co., N. Y. in 1818. 

Revolutionary War Pension Record, S44624, National Archives, Washington, 
D. C; Henry R. Stiles, Ancient Windsor, Connecticut, 1635-1891 (2 vols., 
Hartford, 1892), I, 631; II, 81. 

^7Possibly the William Delony, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. in 1802. Wood, 
1S05 Georgia Land Lottery, 90. 

^sThe family of Roswell King, at this time, included his wife, Catherine 
(Harrington) King and their children: Rufus King b. 1793; Roswell King, 
Jr., b. 1795; Barrington King, b. 1798; Catherine King, b. 1799. Other 
children were: Ralph King, b. 1801; Thomas King, b. 1803; William 
King, b. 1804; P. Butler King, b. 1806(?^; Eliza Barrington King, b. 1808; 
Catherine Barrington King, b. 1810. Joseph Gaston Baillie Bulloch, History 
and Genealogy of the Habersham Family (Columbia, S. C, 1901), 81; Temple, 
Vobh County, 831, 8S3, Simpson Collection, microfilm, Georgia Dept. Archives 
and History, Atlanta. 

29Alatamaha is the old spelling for Altamaha River. 

30Fort Barrington was located on the Altamaha River about twelve miles 
west of Darien, and Colonial records indicate that it was under construction 
during the late summer and fall of 1760. DeBrahm drew a plan of the fort 
after receiving his commission as Surveyor-General for the Southern Dis- 
trict of North America in 1764. During the Revolutionary War the name was 
changed to Fort Howe, but William Bartram referred to it as Fort Barring- 
ton during his travels, published in 1791. Allen D. Candler, ed.. The Colonial 
Records of the State of Georgia (Atlanta. 1904-16), XIV, 454; Colonial 
Records, MSS, Vol. 28, Pt. 1, p. 458, in Georgia Historical Society Library; 
John Gerar William DeBrahm, History of the, Provience of Georgia; with 
Maps of Original Survey, ed, George Wymberley-Jones (Wormsloe [Georgia], 
1849); Lilla M. Hawes, ed., 7'he Papers of Lachlan Mcintosh, lll^-llOO. Col- 
lections of the Georgial Historical Society, Vol. XII (Savannah, 1957). 21; 
William Bartram, Travels Through North i& South Carolina, Georgia, East d 
West Florida (Philadelphia, 1791), 10. 

3iPos3ibly the John Collins who received land grants in Mcintosh Co., 
Ga. between 1800-1812; resident of the county in 1802. Index to headright 
and bounty grants, in Ga. Dept. Archives and History. Wood, 1805 Georgia 
Land Lottery, 70. 

32Probably Abraham F. Powell, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. in 1802. 
According to McCall, he was the brother of Allen Beverly Powell and re- 
moved to Telfair Co., Ga. where he died. Mrs. Howard McCall, Powell Family, 
1942, MS, in Ga. Dept. Archives and History; Wood, 1805 Georgia Land 
Lottei-y, 279. 

33James Mulryne (also Mulrine), died 1807; married in Liberty Co., Ga., 
1791 to Mrs. Jane Hill Bishop, widow of Peter Augustus Bishop. James Mul- 
ryne served Mcintosh Co. as sheriff, 1795-1799; Justice of the Peace, 1799, 1805. 
Mcintosh Co., Ga. folder, MS, in Ga. Dept. Archives and Hist.; Wood, 1805 
Georgia Land Lottery, 250; Caroline Price Wilson, Annals of Georgia, Liberty 
County Records (New York, 1928), I, 11, 97, 100. 

34Chinchona bark, from which quinine is extracted. 

35In Glynn Co., Ga., Francis Guilmett applies for administration of Elam 
Thornton's estate. Columbian Museum d Savannah Advertiser, 7 Sept. 1801. 
cited in The Georgia Genealogical Magazine, No. 6 (Oct. 1962), 319. Here- 
after referred to as Col. Mus. and Ga. Gen. Mag. 

seperhaps the wife of John F. Randolph, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. 
in 1802. Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 286. 

134 



37Evidently the Appleton Rossiter, born circa 1772, son of Dr. Appleton 
Wolcott Rossiter and Mary (Denison) Rossiter of Stonington and Norwich, 
Conn. Ibid., 299; E. Glenn Denison, Josephine Middleton Peck, Donald L. 
Jacobus, Denison Genealogy (Stonington, Conn., 1963), 56. 

38Major Pierce Butler, son of Sir Richard Butler, Baronet and Henrietta 
(Percy) Butler, was born at County Carlow, Ireland, 11 July 1744 and died in 
Philadelphia, 15 Feb. 1822. As a British officer, he came to America in 
1766, and in 1771 he was married to Polly Middleton, S. C. heiress, the 
daughter of Thomas Middleton. During the Revolutionary War, Pierce 
Butler sided with the colonists, and was elected to the U. S. Senate as a 
Federalist in 1789. During the 179 0's he purchasted Butler Island, Mc- 
intosh Co., Ga., where he made a fortune from sea island cotton. His 
Georgia property also included Hampton Point on St. Simons Island, 
Glynn Co. Roswell King, Sr. became manager of Butler Island in 1802, 
and was administrator of Pierce Butler's estate in 1822. 

The greater part of this estate was inherited by Butler's unmarried 
daughter Frances and his grandchildren. One of these grandchildren. 
Pierce Mease (1810-1867), son of Dr. James Mease and Sarah (Butler) 
Mease, inherited his grandfather's Georgia estates in 183 6 at the death 
of his aunt Frances Butler. He changed his name to Pierce Mease Butler. 
In 1834 he married Frances Ann Kemble, the well known British actress. 
It was during a visit to Butler Island that Fanny Kemble Butler wrote her 
Journal of A Residence on A Georgian Plantation in 18S8-1SS9. It contains 
references to Darien, some of its inhabitants, Roswell King, Sr. and his son 
Roswell King, Jr., who continued to manage the Butler estate after his 
father left the area. A reprint of the Kemble Journal, edited by John A. 
Scott (New York, 1961), has notes and explanations. See Dictionary of 
American Biography ; also, Margaret Davis Gate, "Mistakes In Fanny Kem- 
ble's Georgia Journal," in Georgia Historical Quarterly, XLIV (March 1960). 

390n a visit to St. Simons Island, Ga. in 1804, Aaron Burr described Old 
Town in a letter to his daughter. "Frederica, now known only by the name of 
Old Town, is on the west side of the island, and about midway between its 
northern and southern extremities. It was first settled by Governor Ogle- 
thorpe, and was, about fifty years ago, a very gay place, consisting of perhaps 
twenty-five or thirty houses. The wall of several of them still remain. Three 
or four families only now reside here. In the vicinity of the town several 
ruins were pointed out to me, as having been, formerly, country seats of the 
governor, and officers of the garrison, and gentlemen of the town. At 
present, nothing can be more gloomy than what was once called Frederica. 
The few families now remaining, or rather residing there, for they are all 
newcomers, and have a sickly, melancholy appearance, well assorted with the 
ruins which surround them. The southern part of this island abounds with 
fetid swamps, which must render it very unhealthy. On the northern half I 
have seen no stagnant water". 

Fort Frederica is now a National Monument managed by the National 
Park Service. Archaeological excavations have uncovered foundations of 
the early buildings, and a museum at Frederica now houses artifacts found 
during these excavations, in addition to material relating to the history of 
the Fort. Matthew L. Davis, Memoirs of Aaron Burr (New York, 1837) II, 
337; Charles C. Jones, Jr., The Dead Towns of Georgia (Savannah, 1878). 

40Charles and Margaret McDonald, born and married in Scotland, were the 
settlers of Ardock Plantation in Mcintosh Co., Ga. While trying to remain 
neutral during the Revolutionary War, Charles McDonald was "shot down 
dead in the presence of his wife and little children ..." by some of his 
acquaintances. Mrs. McDonald remarried a Dr. Sterling whom she survived 
several years. According to the King Journal, she died in Mcintosh Co., Ga., 
14 June 1806. Charles and Margaret McDonald had two children: Norman 
McDonald, served Mcintosh Co. as Justice of the Peace, 1799-1805; Repre- 
sentative in the Ga. Legislature, 1803-1804; 1810-1812. Mary McDonald, died 

135 



10 Dec. 1814; married Mcintosh Co., Ga. 18 Dec. 1806 to Gilbert Gignilliat. 
The ceremony took place at the home of her guardian, Thomas Spalding. 
Judge J. Hilton Holmes, "Gignilliat Family History", 1948 MS microfilm, in 
Uuiv. of North Carolina, Southern Historical Collection; Headstone inscrip- 
tion, St. Andrew's Cemetery, near Darien, Ga., copied by the editor; Mrs. 
Mary Givens Bryan, compiler, Georgia's Official Register, 1957-1958 (Atlanta, 
n. d.), 1175. 

4tProbably the Ezekiel Cockburn who was granted land in Mcintosh Co., 
Ga. in 1801. In 1802 he was a resident of Glynn Co., Ga. Index to headright 
and bounty grants, in Georgia Dept. of Archives and History; Wood, 1805 
Georgia Land Lottery, 68. 

42Winwood [also Wainwood] Mcintosh, died in Liberty Co., Ga., 20 Aug. 
1785, "In an advanced age". She was a sister to Roderick [Rory] Mcintosh. 
Georgia Gazette, 25 Aug. 1785. 

43Preseumably refers to the signing on 1 Oct. 1801 of the preliminaries to a 
peace treaty between France and England. The definitive treaty was signed 
at Amiens on 27 Mar. 1802. 

■Improbably the George Linder, resident of Mcintosh Co. in 1802. Wood. 
J805 Georgia Land Lottery, 207. 

^sProbably the James Persans, Mcintosh Co., Ga. registrant in the 1807 
Georgia Land Lottery. 

46John Lewis Kale Holzendorf, son of John Frederick and Elizabeth 
(Ehrhardt) Holzendorf, was born in South Carolina, 28 June 1775; died Jan. 
1856; married 1st his cousin, Sarah "Sally" Martin Holzendorf, in Savannah, 
Ga., January 1797, (the daughter of Charles William Frederick Holzendorf, 
she died in Darien, Ga., 15 July 1803, aged 27 years) ; married 2nd on 2 
April 1807 at St. Marys, Ga. to Mrs. Margaret Louise (Creichton) Fitzpatrick. 
John L. K. Holzendorf was engaged in business in Darien, Ga. for several 
years and in 1806 served Mcintosh Co. as Representative in the Georgia 
Legislature. By 1810 he had removed to Camden Co., Ga. where he served as 
Justice of the Inferior Court in November of that year. Holzendorf papers, 
courtesy of Mrs. Eugene A. Stanley, Savannah, Ga.; Kershaw Co., S. C. 
Deeds and Mortgages, Book A, p. 11. Col. Mus., 31 Jan. 1797; Wood, 1805 
Georgia Land Lottery, 166; Ga. Gen, Mag., No. 8 (April, 1863), 490. 

47Probably the William Webb, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. in 1802. Wood, 
1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 369. 

48Fort James, on the soutli side of the Altamaha River, about two miles 
above Beard's Creek, was built in 1797 as an outpost against Indian attacks. 
Letters of Benjamin Haivkins, 1196-1806 (Collections of the Georgia Historical 
Society, Vol. IX) (Savannah, Ga., 1916), 65. 

49At this time, the Mcintosh County Court House was located about 12.6 
miles north of Darien (the present county seat), on what is now Route 17. 
A marker, placed by the Georgia Historical Commission in 1957, has the 
following inscription: 

Old Court House At Sapelo Bridge 
Sapelo Bridge, on the old Savannah to Darien Road 200 yards east of this 
spot, was the seat of Mcintosh County from 1793 to 1818. Here the Court 
House and other public buildings stood; here, too, were the Armory and 
Muster Ground for the Mcintosh County Cavalry Troop, and here the Stage 
Coaches stopped to refresh the passengers and change horses. 

soprobably the William Basset, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga., in 1802. Wood 
1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 20. 

eiAllen Beverly Powell, died 2 Feb. 1844, aged 61 years; was married 
10 April 1806 in Mcintosh Co., Ga. to Mary Calder. The daughter of 
John and Phebe (Horton) Calder, she died 6 March 1867, aged 76 years. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Powell were buried in the Powell Cemetery, near Dar- 
ien, Ga. Allen Beverly Powell was a Senator in the Georgia Legislature 
from Wayne Co., 1808-11; 1813; from Mcintosh Co. 1817-19; 1822-28; 
1836-37; Representative from Mcintosh Co., 1815; 1816; 1820-21; 1831; 

136 



Pres. of the Senate, 1824-25. In Mcintosh Co. he held a variety of public 
offices between 1816-41, Including Justice of the Peace, Post Master, 
Justice of the Inferior Court, Clerk of the Superior Coui't, and Ordinary. 
During the War of 1812 he was a private in the Georgia Militia Regiment 
commanded by Col. John Pray. On 25 Jan. 1830 in Darien, Powell shot 
and killed the twenty-eight year old John Fendin Floyd, son of Gen. John 
Floyd. The event caused bitter political and personal animosity which last- 
ed many years. Headstone inscriptions, Powell Cemetery, copied by the 
editor; Georgia's Official Register, 1957-1958, pp. 880, 985-86, 1041, 1175- 
76; Widow's pension application. National Archives, Washington, D. C; 
Historical Collections of the Joseph Habersham Chapter, DAR (Dalton, 
Georgia, 1902), I, 34 6-47. 

52William Cooke, an Englishman, was born about 1766 and came to 
America by 1786. He married Eliza Barrington, the marriage contract 
signed in Glynn Co., Ga. on 17 Nov. 1791. Presumably the daughter of 
Lt. Col. Josiah Barrington and Sarah (Williams) Barrington, Eliza died 
25 Aug. 1833, aged 62 years. She and her sister, Catherine (Barrington) 
King were buried in adjacent graves at Blue & Hall Road, near Darien, 
Ga. The Cookes evidently spent some time in England, but lived at St. 
Marys, Ga. and later in Charleston, S. C. where the partnership of Scar- 
borough & Cooke, merchants, was established. According to tradition, 
William Cooke was something of a dandy — sending all his shirts to be 
laundered in England. He probably died in Charleston, S. C. where his 
will was proved 12 Dec. 1821. Glynn Co., Ga. Deed Book E cited in 
Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 8 (April, 1963), 484; Headstone inscription. Blue & Hall 
Road, copied by the editor; Charleston, S. C. Wills, Vol. 35, p. 594. Eleanor 
Lexington, "Corner In Ancestory, Barrington Family", unidentified news- 
paper article, copy in the Georgia Historical Society Liberty, Savannah. 

•'i3Death of Thomas Liles of Darien, mentioned, Col. Mus., 14 May 1802, 
cited in the Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 6 (Oct. 1962), 311. Evidently the brothers, 
Thomas, Benjamin and Henry Liles of Northampton Co., N. C. migrated to 
coastal Georgia before 1800. Benjamin Liles resided first in Glynn County, 
and later settled in Wayne County, Ga. 

Mrs. Clinton Martin, Summerfield, Fla., letter, 2 Jan. 1963, to the editor. 
See also Bessie Lewis and Minnie Tremere Martin, Some Early Settlers of 
the Altamaha Delta (Savannah, 1970). 

54Probably the Roberts Powers, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. in 1802. Wood, 
1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 280. 

55 Jonathan Fabian, according to this Journal, died 19 June 1802; married 
30 Jan. 1794 in Liberty Co., Ga. to Esther ["Hetty"] Dean Ladson. In 1797 
he served as a Grand Juror in Mcintosh Co., Ga. Administrators of his 
estate were Esther D. Fabian and John Elliott. James Stacy, Published 
Records of Midway Church (Newnan, Georgia, 1894), 79; Col. Mus, 7 Nov. 
1797, cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 3 (Jan. 1962), 134; Col. Mus., 11 May 1803, 
cited in Ga. Gen Mag., No. 6 (Oct. 1962), 323. 

seprobably John May Gignilliat, son of James and Charlotte (Pepper) 
Gignilliat. Believed to have married Jane May Pepper. In 1802 he was a 
resident of Glynn Co., Ga., and in 1821 was mentioned in the will of his 
nephew, James Gignilliat. Holmes MS. See note 40. Margaret Davis Gate, 
Our Todays and Yesterdays (Brunswick, Georgia, 1930), 267. 

57Probably the Jeremiah Brantley, resident of Glynn Co., Ga. in 1763, who, 
in July 1802, became a resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. Ibid., 244. Indian De- 
predationB, 1787-1825, Vol. II, Part 1, p. 696, MSS, in Georgia Dept. of 
Archives and History. 

BSjosiah Tattnall, Jr., Governor of Georgia, 1801-1802. 

59John Calder (also Caulder), Revolutionary Soldier who settled in Mc- 
intosh Co., Ga. after the war; died 24 Jan. 1845; was married 1st, 24 Dec. 
1787 in Liberty Co., Ga. to Phebe Haughton (also Horton) who died 17 May 
1803; was married 2nd, 15 March, 1804 to Winewood F. Richey, who died 2 

137 



Jan. 1851. Revolutionary War Pension Record, W-8578, in National Archives, 
Washington, D. C. Wilson, Annals of Georgia, I, 10. 

60Major Jacob Wood, was married 15 Jan. 1807 at Broughton Is., Ga. to 
Elizabeth Jane Brailsford, eldest daughter of William and Maria (Heyward) 
Brailsford. She died at Potosi, Mcintosh Co., Ga., 16 Nov. 1807. Jacob Wood 
was Senator from Mcintosh Co. in the Georgia Legislature, 1830-35 (Speaker, 
1833-34); Justice of the Inferior Court, 1829-33; 1837. Jacob Wood was 
evidently one of the first planters to cultivate sugar cane in the Mcintosh Co. 
area, later manufacturing syrup. Col. Mus., 21 Jan. 1807, 8 Dec. 1807, cited in 
Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 367, 376. Georgia's Official Register, 1957- 
1958., pp. 880, 986. General Catalogue, Georgia Dept. of Archives and History; 
See also index, E. Merton Coulter, ed., Georgia's Disputed Ruins (Chapel Hill, 
1937). 

eiProbably the Robert McDonald, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. In 1802. 
Wood, 1S05 Georgia Land Lottery 219. 

62Probably the Nathaniel Beal, petit juror in Glynn Co., Ga., early 1800's. 
Gate, Our Todays and Yesterdays, 242. 

63Probably the Reuben Cherry who received land grants in Mcintosh Co., 
Ga. in 1808 and 1816. Index to headright and bounty grants in Georgia Dept. 
of Archives and History. 

64Murdock McLeod received land grants in Mcintosh Co., Ga., 1801-1807; 
was county surveyor, 1799; Justice of the Peace, 1806; Representative in the 
Georgia Legislature in 1806. Georgia's Official Register, 1957-1958, p. 1175; 
Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 223. 

esprobably the John McLeod, resident of Mcintosh Co. in 1802. Ibid. 

ecjohn Houstoun Mcintosh, son of George and Ann Priscilla (Houstoun) 
Mcintosh, was born 1 May 1773 and died 9 Feb. 1836; married 20 April 
1792 at the Dutch Reformed Church in New York City to Elizabeth Bayard. 
She died 20 Sept. 1847, aged 78 years. John H. Mcintosh owned extensive 
properties in South Georgia and East Florida. In 1834 he served Camden Co., 
Ga. as Senator in the Georgia Legislature. For some years the Mclntoshes 
resided at their plantation home, "Mariana," in Camden Co., where both 
were buried. Edith Duncan Johnston, The Houstouns of Georgia (Athens, 
1950), 347, 367, 389. Coulter, ed., Georgia's Disputed Ruins. See index. See also 
Rembert W. Patrick, Florida Fiasco (Athens, 1954). 

67Possibly Isaac Munden, " a citizen of Georgia for thirty years", whose 
will was written in 1815, recorded 1816; petit juror in Glynn Co., early 
1800's Gate, Our Todays and Yesterdays, 234-44, 266. 

68isaac and George Holzendorf, sons of John L. K. Holzendorf, were 
mentioned in their father's will dated Camden Co., Ga., 30 Jan. 1856. Copy 
in possession of Mrs. Eugene A. Stanley, Savannah, Ga. 

69William A. Dunham married Martha Mann, daughter of Luke Mann 
(Revolutionary soldier) of Bryan Co., Ga. She died 13 July 1808, aged 33 
years. The Republican & Savannah Evening Ledger carried the following 
following item, dated 12 Dec. 1809, Mcintosh County: "V. H. Vivion, W. A. 
Dunham and George Street announce they have formed a partnership to do 
business in Darien as factors and commission men. They have large, conven- 
ient warehouses, and will carry general line of groceries and merchandise". 
William A. Dunham served Mcintosh Co., Georgia as Justice of the Peace, 
1803, 1816-17; Justice of Inferior Court, 1833-36; Senator, Georgia Legislature, 
1821; and Representative, Georgia Legislature, 1833-35. Col. Mus., cited in 
Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 378; No. 14 (Oct. 1964), 867. Caroline Price 
Wilson, Abstracts of Court Records of Bryan County, Georgia (Savannah, 
Georgia, 1929), 4, 7. Georgia Official Register, 1957-1958, pp. 985, 1176. General 
Catalogue, in Georgia Dept. of Archives and History. 

Toprobably the George Woodruff, resident of Camden Co., Georgia in 1802. 
Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 387. 

7iThomas Spalding, the only child of James and Margery (Mcintosh) 
Spalding, was born at Frederica, St. Simons Island, Ga., 25 March 1774 and 

13S 



died at Ashantilly, near Darien, Ga., 4 Jan. 1851; was married 5 Nov. 1795 in 
Mcintosh Co., Ga. to Sarah Leake. The daughter of Richard and Jane (Martin) 
Leake, she died 17 May 1843, aged 65 years. Both Mr. and Mrs. Spalding were 
buried at St. Andrews Cemetery, near Dairen, Ga., Thomas Spalding, who 
purchased Sapelo Island, Mcintosh Co., Ga. in 1802, became a large landhold- 
er, a wealthy and influential coastal planter. He introduced the cultivation 
of sugar cane to Georgia, and was a frequent contributor of articles in agri- 
cultural journals. In public life, he was a member of the Georgia Constitution- 
al Convention from Glynn Co. in 1798; Mcintosh Co. Senator, Georgia 
Legislature, 1803-04. 1807-10, 1813-14; U. S. House of Representatives, 1806; 
President of the Bank of Darien, 1819-26; President of the state Democratic 
conventjon, Milledgeville, Ga., 1838, 1840, 1842. E. Merton Coulter, Thomas 
Spalding of Sapelo (University, La., 1940). Charles Spalding, "Some Memo- 
randa In Relation to Thomas Spalding, Late of Sapelo Island (Mcintosh Co., 
Ga.) by His Son", MS, microfilm, in Georgia Dept of Archives and History. 
Georgia's Official Register, 1957-195S, pp. 641, 985. 

72Possibly the Charles Dunnom [Dunham], son of William Dunnom, born 
5 Dec. 1756 in Liberty Co., Ga. Stacy, Records of Midway Church, 86. 

73Henry Harford, died 27 July 1826 at Saratoga Springs, N. Y. aged 51 years 
He was married 7 Feb. 1805 at Sunbury, Georgia to Mrs. Esther Dean 
(Ladson) Fabian, widow of Jonathan Fabian. She died 14 October 1815, aged 
40 years and was buried at Midway Cemetery, Midway, Georgia. Henry 
Harford served Mcintosh Co. as Representative in the Georgia Legislature, 
1805-06; Justice of the Peace, 1818; Clerk of Superior Court, 1819; Post 
Master, Darien, Georgia, 1803-06. During the War of 1812 he served as a 
private in Capt. Thomas K. Gould's Company of Infantry. Savannah Geor- 
gian, 19 Aug. 1826. A. S. Salley, Jr., editor. Marriage Notices in Charleston 
Courier, 180S-1818 (Columbia, S. C, 1919), 19. Historical Research Project of 
the W.P.A. of Georgia, 18 Feb. 1936, MSS, p. 84 ; "Epitaphs In Midway Ceme- 
tery, Midway, Georgia, in Georgia Historical Society Library. Georgia's 
Official Register, 1957-1958, p. 1175 Service Record, 2nd Reg. (Pray's), Ga. 
Militia, War 1812 National Archives, Washington, D. C. General Catalogue, 
in Georgia Dept. of Archives and History. 

74Hampden [also Hampton] Mcintosh, son of General Lachlan Mcintosh 
and Sarah (Threadcraft) Mcintosh, was born prior to the Revolutionary War. 
He was married 6 Nov. 1806 in Mcintosh Co., Ga. to Charlotte Pepper Nephew, 
daughter of James Nephew. She died 21 Oct. 1820, aged 32 years, and was 
buried at Contentm.ent Bluff Cemetery, Mcintosh Co. Hampden Mcintosh was 
an Alderman for the city of Savannah, 1814-17. Col. Mus., 12 Nov. 1806, cited 
in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 367; Mabel Freeman LaFar and Caroline 
Price Wilson, Abstracts of Wills, Chatham County, Georgia, 1773-1817 (Wash- 
ington, D. C, 1933), 98; Headstone inscriptions in Contenment Bluff Ceme- 
tery, Mcintosh Co., Ga., copied by the editor; Thomas Gamble, Jr., compiler, 
A History of the City Government of Savannah, Ga., from 1790-1901, p. 18. 

75Headstone inscription of John Cunningham indicates that he was 59 
years old, "late of Nassau," and died 22 June 1803. Old City Cemetery, Darien, 
Georgia. 

76Notice of death of Mrs. Sarah Martin Holzendorf, aged 27 years, wife of 
John L. K. Holzendorf, died Darien, Ga., 15 May 1803. "She leaves an aged and 
tender parent, a loving and indulgent husband and a promising child". Col. 
Mus., 20 July 180i3, cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 6 (Oct. 1962), 313. See also, 
n. 46. 

77This was evidently a moon bow which occurs less frequently than a rain 
bow. "A moon bow must have part of the sky clear and part clouded. This 
takes place only with shower tj^e precipitation, and such is much less fre- 
quent at night than in daytime. Also the moon must be quite low and direct- 
ly in the west. This occurs only near the time of the equinoxes". David M. 
Ludlum of the American Meteorological Society, Princeton, N. J., letter 28 
Nov. 1964, to the editor. 

139 



78George Baillie was Representative in the Georgia Legislature from 
Mcintosh Co., 1803-04. Georgia's Oficial Register, 1957-105S, p. 1175. 

79James Nephew, son of Peter Nephew, died 2 Feb. 1827, aged 67 years. 
He was married 1st, 10 April 1787 in Liberty Co., Ga. to Mary Magdalen 
Gignilliat, daughter of James and Charlotte (Pepper) Gignilliat, whc; died 12 
Oct. 1805; was married 2nd, to Mrs. Sarah Catherine (Pelot ) Gignilliat. 
James and Mary Nephew were buried at Contentment Bluff Cemetery, Mc- 
intosh Co., Ga. James Nephew became a prominent coastal planter and served 
Mcintosh Co. as Justice of the Inferior Court, 1775 and Senator, Georgia 
Legislature, 1802-04. Bulloch, History and Genealogy, 98-99. Wilson, Annuls, 
I, 10, Georgia's Official Register, 1957-li)58, p. 985. Headstone inscriptions in 
Contentment Bluff Cemetery, Mcintosh Co., copied by the editor. Holmes MS. 
See note 40. 

soGeorge Street was born 1 Feb. 1777 and died 1 Feb. 1831, a "Native of 
Va.," buried at Upper Mill Cemetery, Darien, Ga. In 1809 ne formed a partner- 
ship with V. H. Vivion and W. A. Dunham, merchants, in Darien. Headstone 
inscriptions in Upper Mill Cemetery, Darien Ga., copied by the editor. See 
note 69. 

8iln Mcintosh Co., Jeremiah Brantley applies for administration of estate 
of Henry Greene, 24 Jan. 1804. Col. Mus., cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 
1963), 379. 

82Evidently John Couper, born Lockwinnoch, Scotland, 9 Mar. 1759, died 
Hopeton Plantation, Glynn Co., Ga., 24 Mar. 1S50; married Rebecca Maxwell 
of Liberty Co., Ga. She died 7 April 1845, aged 70 years. Both were buried 
at Christ Church Cemetery, Frederica, St. Simons Is., Ga. John Couper 
settled at Cannon's Point, St. Simons Island in the 1790's and became a 
prominent coastal planter. Gate, Our Todays and Yesterdays, 130-35, 275 
(see also index) ; Frances Anne Kemble, Journal of a Residence on a Geor- 
gian Plantation, 1838-1839. 

83jeremiah Pittman of Savannah applies for administration of estate of 
William Allen, butcher, [Mcintosh Co.], as nearest of kin. Col. Mus., 16 
Feb. 1804, cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 379. 

84Possibly the William Gibbs, petit juror of Glynn Co., Ga., early 1800's. 
Gate, Our Todays and Yesterdays, 243. 

85William Brailsfcrd of Charleston, S. C. and Broughton Island, Mcintosh 
Co., Ga. died 25 Nov. 1810 on St. Simons Is. He was married 20 June 1786 to 
Maria Heyward, daughter of Colonel Daniel Heyward and Jane Elizabeth 
(Gignilliat) Heyv/ard. She died .S April 1837 and was buried near Eulonia, 
Ga. James B. Heyward, "The Heyward Family of South Carolina," in The 
South Carolina Historical Magazine, LIX (July and Oct. 1958), 143-44; Mabel 
L. Webber, "Marriage and Death Notices From the Charleston Morning Post 
and Daily Advertiser, in South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Mag- 
azine, XX (April 1919), p. 144; Caroline Couper Lovell, The Golden Isles of 
Georgia (Boston, 1932), 183-95. 

scAccording to McCall, Alexander Powell was brother to Allen Beverly 
Powell of Mcintosh Co., Ga. McCall MS. See note 32. 

87Probably Moses Young, Sr., born 4 Oct. 1772. A Moses Young was first 
granted land in Mcintosh Co., Ga. in 1816; served Mcintosh Co. as Represen- 
tative in the Georgia Legislature, 1829, 1832. Young Family Bible (New York, 
1834), in possesion of Mrs. Janie Kicklighter, Mcintosh Co., Ga.; Index to 
headright and bounty grants, in Georgia Dept. of Archives and History; 
Georgia's Official Register, 19'}7-1958, p. 1176. 

88in Mcintosh Co., William A. Dunham, of Darien, merchant, applies for 
administration of estate of John Lloyd, as principal creditor. Col. Mus., 6 
Sept. 1804, cited in Ga, Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 380. 

89Charles William Frederick Holzendorf, son of Dr. John Frederick Holzen- 
dorf, died in Darien, Ga.. 8 Aug. 1806, aged 56 years. His wife, Mary Hol- 
zendorf, died 13 June 1800, aged 41 years. William Holzendorf was a member 
of the Executive Council of Georgia in 1777. Col. Mus., 17 June 1800; 15 Aug. 

140 



1804, cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 5 (July 1962), p. 241 and No. 6 (Oct. 1962), 
315; Holzendorf papers, courtesy of Mrs. Eugene A. Stanley, Savannah, Ga. 
Georgia's Official Register, J0o7-1958, p. 871. 

90"At Darien on 9th inst.. Col. Abisha Thomas [died], age 53 yrs." William 
A. Dunham applies, as principal creditor, for administration of the estate of 
Col. Thomas, grocer. Col. Mus., 15 Aug. 1804, cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 6 
(Oct. 1962), 315; iUd., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 380. 

9iThis gale of 1804 was the greatest huricane to hit the coastal plantations 
of Georgia since 1752. The eye of the storm passed directly over St. Simons 
Is. and Darien. At Savannah, Beaufort, and Charleston, damage suffered by 
the inhabitants was extensive. Aaron Burr, who was visiting John Couper for 
a few hours on St. Simons, wrote an account of the storm which closely 
parallels that of Reuben King. All the islands were inundated with water. 
About seventy slaves, property of William Brailsford, were drowned while 
attempting to escape from Eroughton Is. to the mainland in a boat. Major 
Pierce Butler, owner of Butler's Island, fared better due to the "faithful, 
judicious and spirited conduct" of his head slave, Morris. As the storm ap- 
proached, Morris forced the fi^antic slaves into the only building on the 
island. As a result, no lives were lost. David M. Ludlum, Early American 
Hurricanes, 1J,92-1S70 (Boston, 1963), 53-55. Davis, Burr, 338-40. Cate, Our 
Todays and Yesterdays, 148-51. Lovell, Golden Isls of Georgia, 184-85. 

^'^T. Lassen, Curator of the Danes Worldwide Archives, Aalborg, has been 
has been unable to find a record of Dr. Plyme. It has been suggested that he 
changed his Christian name from Anders or Andreas to the Anglosaxon 
form, Andrew. According to Mr. Lassen, the name Plyme is most unusual and 
one which he has not encountered in the Danish Archives. Henry Harford, 
merchant of Darien, and Dr. George Harral of Savannah apply for adminis- 
tration of estate of Dr. Andrew Plym, M.D. of Darien, deceased. T. Lassen, 
Curator of Udvandrerarkivet, Aalborg, Denmark, letter, 6 Aug. 1964, to the 
editor; Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan., 1963), 381. 

93Probably the Paul Hamilton Wilkins, Sr. or Jr., mentioned in the will 
of Hampden Wilkins of Liberty Co., Ga., 17 Jan. 1816. Wilson, Annals, I, 39. 

94Harriot Mann, daughter of Luke Mann, Sr. of Bryan Co., Ga., was married 
to Samuel Douse of Liberty Co., Ga. on 16 Feb. 1807. Bess D. Stanley, "Mar- 
riage Records of Liberty County, Georgia, 1785-1895," in The Georgia His- 
torical Quarterly, XLI (June and Sept. 1957), 201; Wilson, Bryan Co., 7. 
Name spelled Dewse. 

SaProbably the Lewis Linder, petit juror of Glynn Co., Ga., early ISOO's. 
Cate, Our Todays and Yesterdays, 242-43. 

96Evidently the home of Major William Page who died 12 Jan. 1827, aged 
63 years; married Hannah Timmons who died 29 Sept. 1826, age 67 years. 
Both were buried at Christ Church Cemetery, Frederica, St. Simons Is., Ga. 
"Near the close of the eighteenth century Major William Page and his wife, 
Hannah (Timmons) Page, having come to St. Simons to visit their friend. 
Major Pierce Butler of Hampton, were so charmed with St. Simons that 
they decided to make their home here. Accordingly, they purchased Retreat 
[plantation]. "Major Page was the son of a planter in Prince William Parish, 
South Carolina. He joined the Revolutionary forces at the age of sixteen and 
fought under Gen. Francis Marion". Cate, Our Todays and Yesterdays, 124 
(for quotation), 277. Lovell, Golden Isles of Georgia, 95. See also index. 

97Probably the Thomas Mendenhall, resident of Chatham Co., Ga. in 1802; 
Alderman of Savannah, 1808-09; 1810-13; Mayor of Savannah, 6 Sept. 1811 to 
25 Oct. 1811, resigned. His will, written 5 April 1817 Vv^as recorded 2 Feb. 1818 
in Chatham Co., Ga. Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 235. Gamble, Govern- 
ment of Savannah, 9, 17. Savannah Historical Research Assoc, Wills, Chat- 
ham County, Georgia, 1817-1826, Book F, p. 3, MS, in Georgia Historical 
Society Library, Savannah, Ga. 

98James Gould, of Rome, N.Y. and Granville, Mass., died 3 Sept. 1852, 
aged 80i years, and was buried in Christ Church Cemetery, Frederica, St. 

141 



Simons Island, Ga. He married Jane Harris who died in Savannali, Ga., in 
Jan. 1820i. After receiving liis education in civil engineering at Bangor, Maine, 
James Gould worked in N.Y. siate before going to Florida in 1796 to survey 
timber tracts. Deciding to remain on the St. Mary's River, he took charge 
of the logging and milling of square timber shipped to England. After his 
marriage, he and his family remained in Florida until forced to flee to 
Savannah during an Indian uprising in 1807. James Gould subsequently 
received a U.S. Government contract for construction of a lighthouse on St. 
Simons Is., Ga., and in 1810 President Madison appointed him its first 
keeper. Following the War of 1812, Gould bought tracts on St. Simons 
known as St. Clair and Blank Banks where he spent the remainder of his 
days as a planter of Sea Island cotton. According to family tradition, James 
Gould's portrait was painted by Gilbert Stuart in New York. The original 
was lost during the Civil War, but copies are in possession of Miss Mildred 
R. Gould, Greensboro, N.C. and Alfred L. Hartridge, Boston, Mass. "The 
Goulds of St. Clair and Black Banks, St. Simons Island, Georgia", notes col- 
lected by Mrs. Agnes C. Hartridge and compiled by James D. Gould. Courtesy 
of James D. Gould, Brunswick, Ga. ; A. L. Hartridge, Boston, letter, 1 Feb. 
1965, to the editor; Daily Georgian (Savannah), 21 Jan. 1820, p. 3, col. 2. 

89Probably Rose's Bluff, Florida, located about 4 miles from St. Marys, Ga. 
ou the St. Marys River. A. H. Phinney, "The First Spanish-American War," in 
Florida Historical Society Quarterly, IV (Jan. 1926), 119. 

loovirgil H. Vivion was married to Selina Mary Ann McCall. She was born 
3 Oct. 1789, the daughter of Thomas McOall and his first wife, Henrietta 
(Fall) McCall, and niece of Hugh McCall volume I of whose History of 
Georgia was first published in 1811. Thomas McCall was a prominent planter 
in Laurens Co., Ga. Virgil H. Vivion was a resident of Chatham Co., Ga. 
in 1802, but evidently removed to Mcintosh Co. soon afterwards and resided 
there at least until 1820. In 1830 he was a resident of Leon Co., Fla., and in 
1836 he had removed to San Augustine Co., Texas. It was from this latter 
place that he gave power of attorney to his son Benjamin S. Vivion to sell 
all his Georgia and Florida property. He may have been the Virgil Vivion 
mentioned in the Vivion genealogy by Heinemann. Capt. Hugh McCall, The 
History of Georgia (reprint Atlanta, 1909), vii; Wood, 1805 Georgia Land 
Lottery, 358; 1820 Federal Census Schedule, Mcintosh Co., Ga., 33; 1830 
Federal Census Schedule, Leon Co., Fla., 128; Glynn Co., Ga. Deed Book H, 
p. 533, abstracted in the Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 10 (Oct. 1963), 620. Historical 
Collections of the Georgia Chapters, DAR, Bible records of Lauren Co., Ga., IV 
(1932), 159-60. Bertha Sheppard Hart, The Official History of Laurens 
County, Georgia, 1801-19 U (Dublin, Georgia, 1941), 495-97. Charles Brunk 
Heinemann, "Vivion Family of Virginia," in The Virginia Magazine of His- 
tory and Biography, XLVII (Dec. 1939), 63. 

loiLeyman Salmon, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. 1802. William A. Dunham, 
administrator of estate of Dr. Lyman Salmon, late of Darien, dec'd., gives 
notice to debtors and creditors of estate. Col. Mus., 15 Mar. 1806, cited in 
Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 382; Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 302. 

i02Abraham F. Powell applies as principal creditor as administrator of the 
estate of Thomas MacFall, late of Darien, carpenter. Ibid. 

loaprobably the Nathaniel Patch who was married 27 Dec. 1813 in Liberty 
Co., Ga. to Mrs. Rebecca Johnson. Stanley, "Marriage Records," 276. 

104 John Pray, son of Job and Elizabeth (Turpin) Pray, was born in Provi- 
dence, R. I., 22 Jan. 1766, died July 1819 "on board the brig Hunter, about two 
miles below Pawtucket in the bay; was a merchant of Savannah, Ga." 
(Providence Gazette, 10 July 1819). He was married 1st on 25 May 1786 to 
Barbara Maxwell, daughter of James Maxwell, who died at Great Ogeechee, 
Ga. in July 1790; married 2nd at Great Ogeechee in Aug. 1792 to Ann 
("Nancy") Mann, daughter of Luke Mann, Sr. She died at Savannah, Ga. 
in 1827, aged 56 years. During the War of 1812, Lt. Col. John Pray com- 
manded the 2nd Regiment of Georgia Militia. He served Bryan Co., Ga. as 

142 



Senator in the Georgia Legislature 1807, 1809-13, 1816. His will, written 5 
Feb. 1819, was recorded in Chatham Co., Ga. Will Book "P" on 27 July 1819. 
The Georgia Gazette, 29 July 1790, 9 Aug. 1792. James N. Arnold, Vital Rec- 
ords of Rhode Island, 1636-1850, (Providence, 1905), XIV, 198. Edwin M. 
Snow, Birth, Marriages and Deaths Recorded in Prividence From 1636 to 1850 
Inclusive, (Providence, 1879), II, 8. Military Record, National Archives, 
Washington, D.C. Georgia's Official Register, 1957-1958, p. 906. Mann-Pray- 
Hines Papers, Keith Read Collection, in Georgia Historical Society Library. 

lOSDr. George Harrell practiced medicine in Savannah and Augusta, Ga. 
In 1807 he published the Medicine Chest Book; or Approved direction for the 
use, and A compendious account of the qualities and doses, of the medicines 
mostly wanted in families, ships and on plantations. Dr. Harrell served on the 
Board of Health of Savannah, 1805-06, 1806-07 and was an Alderman of that 
city in 1806-07, 1810-11. In April 1799 he was married to Charlotte Wright, 
daughter of Edward Wright. Robert Cumming Wilson, Drugs and Pharmacy 
in the Life of Georgia, 1733-1959 (1959), 77. Robert B. Austin, Early American 
Medical Imprints, 1668-1820 (Washington, 1961), 97. Gamble, Government of 
Savannah, 15, 83. Georgia Gazette, 18 Apr. 1799, cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., 
No. 3 (Jan. 1962), 118. Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 146. 

losseveral members of the Mell family moved from S.C. and settled in 
Liberty Co., Ga. during the 1790's. The Mr. Mell mentioned in this Journal 
may have been Thomas Mell, sou of William Mell a planter of St. Paul's 
Parish, Beach Hill, S.C. Thomas Mell was born 24 Oct. 1761 and died 17 
April 1815. He married Mrs. Sally (Sumner) Bacon, widow of William Bacon. 
Thomas Mell's home, "Laurel Hill", was located one mile from Midway 
Church, Liberty Co., Ga. Dr. and Mrs. P. H. Mell, The Genealogy of the Mell 
Family In the Southern States (Auburn, Alabama, 1897), 31-33, 36-38. 

lOTFrancis Hopkins, son of Francis Hopkins, British Naval officer, and 
Mary (Martinangelo) Hopkins, was born at Bluff ton, S.C. in Nov. 1772 and 
died in Mcintosh Co., Ga., 5 May 1821. He married in 1794 to Rebecca Sayre, 
who died 3 Aug. 1850, aged 74 years. Both were buried at the Hopkins Ceme- 
tery, Crescent, Ga. In 1804, during a trip to Savannah, Ga., . . . "Francis 
Hopkins met his friend, Mr. Thomas Spalding, of Darien, who persuaded him 
to move to Mcintosh County, Georgia, agreeing to sell to him and a Mr. 
Watts, valuable lands overlooking the South Sapelo River, known as "Bel- 
ville" [Belleville], besides several island plantations. 

"He came, 1805, with his mother, his wife, and the five children born near 
Bluffton, to Mcintosh County, and settled first on Sapelo Island, at "Cho- 
colate" ("Chatelet"), a plantation he bought, alone, from Mr. Spalding ..." 
In 1808 the family moved to the mainland and resided at "Belleville". 

Francis Hopkins was a Representative in the Georgia Legislature from 
Mcintosh Co., 1807^1814. During the War of 1812, he served as Major in the 
2nd Regiment, Georgia Militia commanded by Lt. Col. John Pray. Ida M. 
Hopkins, "Sketch of the Hopkins Family of Mcintosh Co., Ga.," Ms, 1911, 
courtesy of Mrs. Fred Grundy, Crescent, Ga. Georgia's Official Register, 
1957-1958, p. 1175. Headstone inscriptions in Hopkins Cemetery, Crescent, 
Mcintosh Co., Ga., copied by the editor; Military record. National Archives, 
Washington, D.C. 

losprobably the John Fabian, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga. in 1802. Wood, 
1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 108. 

loopossibly the Thomas McCall who was granted land in Mcintosh Co., Ga. 
in 1809. Index to headright and bounty grants, in Georgia Dept. of Archives 
and History. 

iioLt. Colonel John Cooper was married 10 April 1787 in Liberty Co., Ga. to 
Elizabeth Gignilliat, daughter of James and Charlotte (Pepper) Gignilliat. 
During the Revolutionary War, John Cooper was an active member of the 
Liberty County group which organized a "Horse Company" for their defence 
against the British. After the war this group was known as the Liberty 
Independent Troop. Stanley "marriage records" Agnes Beville Vaughan Ted- 

143 



castle, The Beville Family (Boston, 1917), 149-50; Rev. Charles C. Jones, 
Historical Address. Delivered to the Liberty Independent Troop, Upon Its 
Anniversary, February 22, 1S5G (Savannah, 1856), 8, 10, 12; Ruth Blair, 
Revolutionary Soldiers' Receipts for Georgia Bounty Grants (Atlanta, 1928), 
83, 85; Wilson, Annals of Georgia, I, 138. 

iiiJoseph Clay, son of Colonel Joseph Clay and Ann (Legardere) Clay, was 
born in Savannah, Ga., 16 Aug. 1764 and died in Boston, Mass., 11 Jan. 1811. 
He was married 25 Nov. 1789 to Mary Savage, daughter of Thomas and Mary 
(Butler) Savage of Charleston, S. C. Joseph Clay was graduated from the 
College of New Jersey (now Princeton) in 1784 with highest honors, and three 
years later was admitted to the Georgia bar. In 1798 he was a member of the 
state convention that framed the Constitution; Judge of the U.S. district 
court of Georgia by appointment of President Washington, 1796-1801; con- 
verted from the Episcopal to the Baptist Church and was ordained a Baptist 
preacher in 1804; Asst. Pastor, First Baptist Church, Savannah, Ga. until 
1807; Pastor, First Baptist Church, Boston, Mass. until his resignation in 
1809 due to poor health; honorary degree (A.M.) from Brown Univ. in 1806; 
trustee of that institution, 1807-1811. Buried in the Granary Burying Ground, 
Boston, Mass. William B. Sprague, Annals of the American Pulpit, (New York, 
1816), VI, 487-90; Dictionary of American Biography (see index). 

ii2John Milledge, Governor of Georgia, 1802-1806. 

ii3Lt. Colonel Jonas Fauche was born in the canton of Neuchatel, Switzer- 
land and died at Greensboro, Ga., 16 Mar. 1835, aged 81 years. In 1793 he 
married Polly Daniel. Leaving Switzerland for America, Fauche arrived in 
New York in 1785, and soon afterward became one of the early settlers of 
Greene Co., Ga. He fought against the Indians in 1793-94; was a delegate to 
the state convention which adopted the Constitution in 1798; Adjutant Gen- 
eral of Georgia, 1796-1806. In 1855 George White wrote, "Colonel Jonas 
Fauche, in the early settlement of Greene [County], bore a conspicuous part 
in the defence of the frontiers against the Creek Indians. H was a remarkable 
man in every respect". Georgia Journal, (Milledgeville, Ga.), 24 Mar. 1835; 
Historical Collections of Georgia (New York, 1855), 480, 483; Historical Col- 
lections of the Joseph Habersham Chapter, DAR, (Dalton, Georgia, 1902), I, 
302. 

ii4perhaps James Charles Anthony desVergers, a refugee from the slave 
insurrection in Santo Domingo, who died in Mcintosh Co., Ga. by June 1806. 
He was married 21 July 1797 in Savannah, Ga. to Martha de la Rue Duvidet, 
also of Santo Domingo. desVergers family papers, courtesy of Miss Lillian 
desVergers, Savannah, Ga. Col. Mus., 28 July 1797; ibid., 7 June 1806, cited in 
Ga. Gen Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 382. 

iisMrs. Ann Cole applies for administration of John Cole, late of the 
town of Darien, carpenter. Col. Mus., 19 July 180fi, cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., 
No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 383. 

iieprobably the Benjamin Collins, resident of Glynn Co., Ga. in 1802; petit 
juror, Glynn Co., early 1800's. Wood, 1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 70; Gate, 
Our Todays and Yesterdays, 242, 244. 

ii7Possibly the James Newton, resident of Mcintosh Co., Ga., in 1802. Wood, 
1805 Georgia Land Lottery, 254. 

iisprobably the William Clubb, 1st. Lt., Glynn Co., Ga. Militia, 1790; Grand 
juror, early 1800's; petit juror, early 180iQ's. Gate, Our Todays and Yesterdays, 
235, 242-43. See also index. 

ii9Dr. Charles F. Bartlett, a native of Rhode Island, died in Darien, Ga., 
22 July 1806, aged 40 years. ["Columbian Centinel" notes that he was 46 
years of age at his death.] He is probably the Dr. Charles F. Bartlett, seller 
of medicine and medical supplies in Feb. 1792 in Charleston, S. C. who 
planned to operate a hospital there. It is believed that he is the same Dr. 
Charles F. Barlett, author of An account of the rise and progress of the 
malignant fever, commonly called the yellow fever! which lately appeared in 

144 



Newport: — and an account of the treatment that proved most successful in it. 
(Printed at Newport, [R.I.] by Oliver Farnsworth, for the author, 1801). 
Col. Mus., 30 July 1806, cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 372; 
Columbian Centinel, (Boston), 16 Aug. 1806; City Gazette, (Charleston, S.C.), 
4 Feb. 1792, 30 June 1792. Joseph loor Waring, A History of Medicine in South 
Carolina, 1670-1825 (1964), 113, 384; Joseph loor Waring, Charleston, S. C, 
letter, 23 Dec. 1964, to the editor. Austin, Medical Imprints, 15. 

i20Duncan M'Call, boardinghouse, 138 Washington. New-York Register, and 
City Directory (New York, 1805), 304. 

i2iAccording to the Fowler genealogy, Russell Fowler, son of Andrew and 
Martha (Stone) Fowler, was born in Guilford, Conn., 5 Nov. 1777 and died in 
Alabama, 1847. Russell Fowler was Sheriff in Mcintosh Co., Ga., 1814-16. 
Christine Cecilia Fowler, The History of the Fowlers (Batavia, New York, 
1950), 592-93; General Catalogue, in Georgia Dept. of Archives and History. 

i22Mrs. Barbara (Mcintosh) Mcintosh, daughter of Colonel William Mc- 
intosh and widow of William Mcintosh of "Mala" (also "Malla" and "Mal- 
low"), Mcintosh Co., Ga. whom she married 9 Aug. 1785. Georgia Gazette, 
18 Aug. 1785; Read MS in University of Georgia Library. 

i23james Fowler, son of Andrew and Martha (Stone) Fowler, who was 
born in Guilford, Conn., 9 Nov. 1770. He married 1st Mary Lefferts, and 
2nd Mrs. Mcintosh. According to the Fowler genealogy, James Fowler died 
in Georgia in 1801. This is obviously incorrect since he is mentioned in this 
Journal as late as 31 July 1806. Fowler, History of the Fowlers. 

i24Bushrod Washington (1762-1829), son of John Augustine Washington. 
He inherited Mount Vernon from his uncle, George Washington, and made it 
his home after the death of Martha Washington in 1802. Dictionary of Ameri- 
can Biography (see index) ; Eugene E. Prussing, The Estate of George WasTi- 
ington. Deceased (Boston, 1927), 60-61. 

i25Benjamin Franklin gives credit to Dr. Thomas Bond (1712-1784) for 
proposing the Pennsylvania Hospital in 1750. The cornerstone was laid in 
1755, the western wing was first used in 1796, the central building in 1805. 
William Penn died in 1718. Leonard W. Labaree, ed. and Whitfield J. Bell, Jr., 
assoc. ed.. The Papers of Benjamin Franklin (New Haven, Conn., 1962), IV 
108-10; V, 286; Willis P. Hazard, Annals of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania 
(Philadelphia, 1879), 329-30. 

i26Possibly the John Ross of Windsor, Conn., who was married in March 
1763 to Patience Denslow.Their known children were: Roxanna Ross, born 
ca. 1764; James Ross, born ca. 1767; and Sabra Ross, born ca. 1771. Windsor, 
Conn, Vital Records, II, 513, 578 (see note 1); Stiles, Ancient Windsor, II, 
663. 

i27Horace Hinsdale, resident at 9 Cedar, New York in 1807. Between 1815 
and 1842 he is listed as a jeweler at various addresses on Broadway. See 
Neio-York Register & Directory, 1807, 1815, 1838, 1842-43. Note that a Horace 
Hinsdale, aged 75 years, died 1 June 1858 at Oyster Bay, L. I., N. Y. New 
York Evening Post, 3 June 1858. 

i28The money was probably sent to James Fowler's father, Andrew Fowler, 
son of Benjamin and Andrea (Morgan) Fowler. He was born 27 July 1728 
and died 8 Oct. 1815 and resided in Guilford, Conn. He was married 30 Oct. 
1759 to Martha Stone. James Fowler also had a brother, the Rev. Andrew 
Fowler (born 10 June 1760 and died Charleston, S.C, 29 Dec. 1850), but in 
1806 he was pastor of Grace Episcopal Church, Jamaica, Long Island, N. Y. 
Fowler, History of the Fowlers; Guilford, Conn., Vital Records, II, 164 (see 
note 1); Dexter, Graduates of Yale College, IV, 268-71. 

i29William G. Williams, died 15 Feb. 1837 aged 60 years. He was married 
16 Oct. 1803 at Sharon, Conn, to Tryphena King, who died 5 Feb. 1837, aged 57 
years. Both were buried at North Village Cemetery, New Hartford, Conn. 
VanAlstyne, Born, 78; Hale MSS, see note 1. 

i30Hezekiah Roberts was married 5 Feb. 1805 at Sharon Conn, to Harriet 
King. VanAlstyne, Born, 78. 

145 



i3iReuben Burnham, son of Thomas Burnham and Mrs. Elizabeth (Story) 
Boardman Burnham, was born 22 June 1742 and died 22 Dec. 1812. He was 
married to Chloe Fitch, daughter of Joseph Fitch, III and Sarah (Shaler) 
Fitch, and sister to Sarah (Fitch) King. Chloe (Fitch) Burnham was born 
28 May 1745 and died 27 Nov. 1814. Roderick H. Burnham, The Burnham Fam- 
ily (Hartford, Conu., 1869), 85; Stiles, Ancient Windsor, II, 128. 

i32Probably Thomas Burnham, son of Reuben and Chloe (Fitch) Burnham, 
who was born 12 Oct. 1771 and died 1854. He was married at Hartland, Conn., 
15 June 1794 to Phebe Fairchild. Hartland, Conn., Vital Records, 51 (see note 
1); Burnham, Burnham Family, 85. 

i33Thomas Kirk was a resident of Mcintosh County, Ga. as early as 1802. 
On IG Oct. 1807 his wife Ann, a native of New York, died in Mcintosh 
County, Ga. Wood, 1S05 Georgia Land Lottery, 196. Col. Mus., 23 Oct. 1807, 
cited in Ga. Gen. Mag., No. 7 (Jan. 1963), 376. 



146 



INDEX 

As Reuben King was a tanner by trade, this Journal contains 
numerous references to bark, lime, tanning vats, hides, and various 
activities connected with the tanning business. Since these activities 
occurred almost daily they are not included in the index. 

When the index entry consists of a number preceded by the 
letter "n," it refers to a footnote number, not a page number. 
These footnotes, numbered consecutively, are found on pages 
130 through 146. 



ABERNATHY (Abernatha), Mr., 124. 

ABRAHAMS, Mr., 41. 

ALABAMA, n. 121. 

ALTAMAHA River, see Altamaha River. 

ALBANY, N. Y., n. 4. 

ALCORN, Mr., 12. 

ALECK (Ellix) Creok, Ga., 121. 

ALEXANDRIA ( Allexandra) , Va., 126. 

ALEXANDIHA ( Allexandrea) , (packet), 

127. 
ALLEGHENY (Allegany) Mountain, 6, 

7, 19. 
ALLEGHENY Co., Pa., n. 22. 
ALSTON, Capt., 101. 
ALSTON, James, 99. 
ALTAMAHA River, Ga., 22, 75, 124, 

n. 29, n. 48. 
ALLEN, Mrs., marriage of, 96. 
ALLEN, Miriam King (sister of 

Reuben), 129, n. 1. 
ALLEN, Solomon, 129. 
ALLEN, Solomon, Jr., n. 1. 
ALLEN, William, death of, 78, n. 83. 
ALLIGATOR (Alagator) Creek, Ga., 

51, 52. 
AMBERSON'S Inn, 18. 
AMITSBURGH, Pa., isee Emmltsburg. 
ANNAPOLIS, Md., 20. 
ARDOCK Plantation, Ga., n. 40. 
ARMSTRONG, Robert, 90. 
ASH, Mr., 17, 85. 
ASHANTILLY, Ga., n. 71. 
ASTORIA, Long Is., N. Y.. n. 23. 
ATWOOD, Ichobod (Ichobud), en route 

to New Conn., 11, n. 19. 
AUGUSTA, Ga., 101, 110, 111, n. 105. 
AUSTIN, Abigail (wife of Reuben), 

1, n. 1. 
AUSTIN, Joseph, 1. 

BACON, Mrs. Sally Sumner, see Sally 

Sumner Bacon Mell 
BACON, William, n. 106. 
BAILLIE (Balle), ...., 62. 
BAILLIE (Bayley), Allen, death of. 36. 
BAILLIE (Bailie), George, elected State 

Kepresentative, 72, n. 78. 
BAILLIE (Bayley), Mr., 23, 100, 113. 
BALTIMORE, Md., 1, 18, 19, 127. 
BANGOR, Me., n. 98. 



BARK of Peru, 31, see also Chinchona 

Bark. 
BARKER, Mr., 58. 
BARTLETT, Dr., 122, death of, 124, 

family of. 125. 
BARTLETT, Dr. Charles F., n. 119. 
BARTLETT, Lucretia, 125. 
P.ARTLETT, Mrs., 125. 
BARRINGTON, Ga., 23, 25, 26, 27, 34, 

37, 49, 50, 51, 53, 54, 68, 85, 96, 121, 

see also Fort Barrlngton. 
BARRINGTON, Catherine, see Catherine 

Barrington King. 
BARRINGTON, Eliza, see Eliza Bar- 

rincrton Cook. 
BARRINGTON, Lt. Col. Josiah, n. 52. 
BARRINGTON, Sarah Williams, n. 52. 
BASSETT, Capt., 56. 
BASSETT, Capt. William, elected Cap- 
tain. 40 ; 48, n. 50. 
BATES, Aaron, n. 1. 
BATES. Miriam King (sister of 

Reuben), widow, 117; n. 1. 
BATES, Palmer, 2, 40, 57, death of, 

117; n. 1. 
BATES, Sarah (sister of Reuben), n. 1. 
BAUMANS tavern, 5. 
BAYARD, Elizabeth, see Elizabeth 

Bayard Mcintosh. 
BEAL, Nathaniel, moves to Brunswick, 
54 ; n. 62. 

BEARD'S Creek, Ga., n. 48. 
BEAUFORT. S. C, n. 91. 
BKCKWORTHS Inn, 19. 
Br:DFORD, Pa., 5, 6, 19. 
BEECHER, Abraham, 2. 
BEECHER (Beacher) Betty, see Betty 

Beecher King. 
BEECHER (Beacher) Philoman, 12, 

n. 20. 
BELL, John, moves to Darien with 

family, 34. 
BELLOW (slave), 109. 
BELLVILLE (BelvlUe), Ga., n. 107. 
BKN (slave), 68. 
BETHLEHEM, Pa., 3. 
BETSY (schooner), 83. 
BIGALOW, Mr., sloop mentioned, 101. 
BIGALOW, Mr. John, sloop owner, 102. 
BIRD (Birds), Mr., 99. 



147 



BISHOP, Mrs. Jane Hill, see Mrs. Jane 

Hill Bishop Mulryne. 
BISHOP, Peter Augustus, n. 33. 
BISSELL (Bissel), Col., 22. 
BISSELL (Bissel), Mary Kibbe, n. 26. 
BISSELL (Bissel). Oliver, 22, n. 26. 
BISSELL, Samuel, n. 26. 
BL.\CK Banks Plantation, Ga., n. 98. 
BLu\CKBEARD Island, Ga., 125. 
BLACK Island, Ga., 107, 123. 
BLACK, Wm., 18. 
BLOOMFIELD, Conn., n. 1. 
BLUE and Hall Road, Mcintosh Co., 

Ga., n. 52. 
BLUFFTON, S. C, n. 107. 
BOARDMAN, Elizabeth Story, see 

Elizabeth Story Boardnaan Burnham. 
BOBY (schooner), 20. 
BOGE'S Inn, 13. 
BOLTON, Moses, 16. 
BOLTON'S wharf, 130. 
BOND, Dr. Thomas, n. 125. 
BOOTH (Bowth), John, 80. 
BOOTH (Bowth), Mr., 81. 
BORDBNTOWN, N. J., 4, 7. 
BOSTON, Mass., n. 111. 
BOSTWICK, Titia, see Titla Bostwick 

Canfleld. 
BOWERES Inn, 17. 
BOYD, Rev. Abraham, 15, n. 22. 
BOYD, John, n. 22. 
BRACKEN (Braken), John. 8, 12, 13, 

15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 34, 57. 
BRAILSFORD, Elizabeth Jane, see 

Elizabeth Jane Brailsford Wood. 
BRAILSFORD, Maria Heyward, n. 60, 

n. 85. 
BRAILSFORD, WUliam, 80, 101, 103, 

n. 60, n. 85, n. 91. 
BRAKENEYE, Mrs., book store, 11. 
BRAKENREDGE, Mr., 12. 
BRAMENT, Mr., 2, 3. 
BKANDYWINE River, Pa., 127. 
BRANTLY & Holzendorf, 60. 
BRANTLY, J., 54, 55, 65, 67. 
BRANTLY, Jeremiah, 48, 53, 58, 70. 71, 

76, illness and death, 93 ; wife, 93 ; 

estate of, 99 ; n. 57, n. 81. 
BRANTLY, Mr., 25, 36, 40, 41, 43, 50, 

52, 57, 79, 88, 110. 
BRANTLY, Mrs., 94, 96. 
BREAK (Brake) Neck Creek, Pa., 13. 
BRICK making, 25, 26, 111. 
BRICKS, old, 78. 
BROCKWAY, Mary, see Mary Brockway 

Gillson. 
BROCTON, Mr., 117. 
BROOKER (Broker), John, 36, 39. 
BROOKER, Joseph, 39. 
BROOKER, Mr., 37. 
BROOKS (Broocks), ...., 62. 
BROOKS, J., juror, 52. 
BRORO (Bruro) Neck, Ga., 33; see also 

Sapelo Main. 
BROTHERS, Susannah, marrtage of, 50. 
BROUGHTON Island, Ga.. 25, 51, 52, 

54, 58, n. 60, n. 85, n. 91, n. 101. 
BROWN, Benjamin, 57. 
BROWN, Mr., 37, 100. 
BROWN, Simon (Slmlon), 13. 
BROWN University, n. 3. n. 111. 
BROWNSON (Brunson). Mr., 97. 
BRUNSWICK, Ga., 22, 36, 59. 
BRYAN Co., Ga., 99, 111, n. 69, n. 94, 

n. 104. 
BRYAN, Mary Glvens. iii. 
BRYANT, Mrs. Phillip W., ill. 



BUCANAN, George, 117, 122. 

BUCANAN, Mr., 102. 

BUELL. Rachel, sw Rachel Buell Starr. 

RUFFBE, ...., at Sapelo Point, 22. 

BUG, Stephen, 55. 

BUIE, John, 118. 

BURNHAM, Chloe Fitch (aunt of 

Reuben), n. 131, n. 132. 
BURNHAM, Elizabeth Story Boardman, 

n. 131. 
BURNHAM, Phebe Fairchild, n. 132. 
BURNHAM, Reuben, 129, n. 131, n. 132. 
BURNHAM, Thomas, 129, n. 131, n. 132. 
BURR, Aaron, elected Vice President, 

20, 21 ; n. 39, n. 91. 
BURR, Col. David, n. 16. 
BURR, Eunice Osborne, n. 16. 
BURR. Walter, 10, n. 16. 
BUTLER Co., Pa., 77, n. 21, n. 22. 
BUTLER, E., juror, 52. 
BUTLER, Frances, n. 38. 
BUTLER, Frances Ann Kemble, n. 38. 
BUTLER, Maj., 50, schooner mentioned, 

51, 54, visits Darien, 58, 62, 104, 

116. 
BUTLER, Maj. Pierce, 33, 42, 44, 113, 

n. 38, n. 91, n. 96. 
BUTLER, Mary, see Mary Butler 

Savage. 
BUTLER, P., 53, 60. 
T'.UTLER, Pierce Mease, n. 38. 
BUTLER, Polly Mlddlcton, n. 38. 
BUTLER, Sarah, see Sarah Butler 

Mease. 
BUTLER, Sir Richard, Baronet, n. 38. 
BUTLERS Island. Ga., 29, 36, 43, 54, 

59, 68, 69, 73, 74, 75, 77, 79, 81, 86, 

104, 107. 112, 119, 124, n. 38, n. 91. 
BUTTERMILK Sound, Ga., 41, 51, 56, 

93. 



CALDER (Caulder, Colder), John, 51, 

death of child, 67; n. 51, n. 59. 
CALDER, Mary, see Mary Calder Powell 
CALDER, Mr., death of wife, 65, 66, 86, 

92. 
CALDER, Phebe Horton (Haughton), 

n. 51. 
CALDER. Winewood F. Richey, n. 59. 
CAMDEN Co., Ga., n. 66, n. 68, n. 70. 
CAMERON (Camron), Robert, 15, 16. 
CAMPBELL (Camel), Capt., 125. 
CAMPBELL (Cambell), Mr., 124. 
CANFIELD, Capt., 3. 
CANFIELD, Elizabeth Judson, n. 12, 

n. 14. 
CANFIELD, Esq., returned from New 

Conn., 10. 
(ViNFIELD, Herman (Harmon), re- 
turned from New Conn., 10, n. 14. 
CANFIELD, Judson, en route to New 

Conn., 8, n. 12. 
CANFIELD, Mabel Ruggles, n. 12. 
CANFIELD, Ohio, n. 12, n. 14, n. 15, 

n. IS, n. 19, n. 24. 
CANFIELD, Samuel, n. 12. n. 14. 
CANFIELD, Titla Bostwick. n. 14. 
CANNONS Point, St. Simons Island, 

Ga.. n. 82. 
CANONSBURG Academy, Pa., n. 22. 
CAPE Hatteras (Hatteres), N. C, 21, 

126. 
CAPE Henry (Henery), Light House, 

21. 
CAPE Henry (Heniry), Va., 126. 
CAPE Lookout, N. C, 126. 



148 



CARBERRY, Mr., 127. 

CARLETON, Adjutant (Gen.), 51. 

CARLISLE, Pa., 5. 

CARMEL, ...., 12. 

CASE, Mr., 102. 

CATHEAD Creek, Ga., 24, 36, 42, 43, 

48, 63, 100, 102, 103, 104, 124. 
CEDAR Landing, Ga., 42, 43, 48. 
CHARLES, ...., mate of Brig Maringo, 

61. 
CHARLESTON, S. C, 20, 21, 115, n. 

52, n. 85, n. 91, n. Ill, n. 128. 
CHATELET ("Chocolate"), Sapelo Is- 
land, Ga., n. 107. 
CHATHAM Co., Ga., n. 25, n. 96, n. 100, 

n. 104. 
CHESAPEAKE Bay, Md., 126. 
CHESTER, Del., 127. 
CHESTNUT, Pa., 6. 
CHINCHONA barli, n. 34. 
CHOONCHE Slip, N. Y., 130. 
CHRISTMAS, 17, 36, 57, 76, 95, 114. 
CHURCH, Jonathan, 10. 
CIVIL War, ii. 
CLAPBOARD (Clabboard), Bluff, Ga., 

51 53 57 
CLARK,' Mr!, 23, 24, 26, 27, 30, 85. 
CLARK, Robert, 25, 32. 
CLARKS Bluff, Ga., 24, 25, 26, 49, 64, 

118. 
CLAY, Ann Legardere, n. 111. 
CLAY, Col., Joseph, n. 111. 
CLAY, Joseph, n. 111. 
CLAY, Mary Savage, n. 111. 
CLAY, Mr., 116. 
CLEVELAND. Ohio, n. 24. 
CLINTON (Brig), 130. 
CLOB (slave), 75. 
CLUBB, William, 124, n. 118. 
COBB Co., Ga., il. 
COCKBURN (Cogburn), Ezeklel, 34, 

n. 41. 

COLD WELL , tanner, 12. 

COLE, Ann, n. 115. 

COLE, John, death of, family men- 
tioned, 119 ; n. 115. 
COLE, Mr., 66, 76, 82, 86, 93. 
COLE. Mrs., 124. 

COLEBROOK, Conn., 3, 129, n. 10. 
COLLINS, Benjamin, leg amputated, 

122; n. 116. 
COLLINS, John, n. 31. 
COLLINS, Mr., 25, 27, 34. 
COLUMBIA Co., N. Y., n. 6. 
COLWELL (Collwell), Mr., 6, 7. 
CONNECTICUT, 35, 40, 110, 123, 124, 

see also names of specific places. 
COOKE, Eliza, 53. 
COOKE, Eliza Barrington, n. 52. 
COOKE, William, visits Darien. Ga,, 

41 ; visits Mr. Powell, leaves Darien, 

42 ; n. 52. 
COOPER, Col., 115, 116. 
COOPER (Coopper), Elizabeth, 72. 
COOPER, Elizab<>th Glgnilllat, n. 110. 
COOPER, Lt. Col. John, n. 110, 121. 
COOPER, Mr., 42. 

COOPER, Mrs. Mark A., lil. 

COOPER. Wm., juror, 52. 

COPELAND, Mr., 27. 

COUNTY Carlow, Ireland, n. 38. 

COUPER, Elizabeth, 74, 75. 

COUPER (Cowper), John, 106, n. 82, 

n. 91. 
COUPER, Mr., 49, 61, 76. 
COUPER. Rebecca Maxwell, n. 82. 
COURT House, Mcintosh Co., Ga., 51 ; 



see also Sapelo Main. 

COVENTRY, Conn., n. 3. 

COWIN, WilUam, 13. 

CRAIGER'S Inn, 18. 

CRANE, Benjamin, 91, 117. 

CRANE, Leslie (Lesle), 37. 

CRANE, Mr., 5, 25, 35, 38, 75, 94, 109, 
110, 111, 112, 118, 123. 

CRAY, Benn, 107. 

CRAY, Mr., 87, 92, 114, 126, 127. 

CRAY, Scott, 122, 125, 127. 

CREEK Indians, n. 113. 

CRESCENT, Ga., 11, n. 107. 

CROSSMAN, Lucy Strong, n. 3. 

CROSSMAN, Rev. Joseph Warren, n. 3. 

CROSSMAN, Mr., 103. 

CROSSMAN, Rev., 2. 

CULBERTSON, James, 5. 

CULVERSON, James, 4. 

CUMBERLAND Co., Pa., n. 21. 

CUMBERLAND High Point, Ga., 59. 

CUMBERLAND Island, Ga., 77, 87. 

CUNNINGHAM (Cuningham), John, ill- 
ness and death of, 67 ; n. 75. 

CUNNINGHAM, Mrs., 72. 

CUTHBERTSON, Mr., 6, 7. 

DAGGETT, Naphtali, n. 1. 

DAGGETT, Sarah, see Sarah Daggett 
Meers. 

DANIEL, Polly, see Polly Daniel 
Fauche. 

DARIEN, Ga., i, 11, 5, 21-125; descrip- 
tion of In 1801, 22-23; business dull, 
121 ; population, poverty of inhabi- 
tants, 122 ; n. 1. 

DARIEN River, Ga., 43. 

DAVENPORT, Frances, ill. 

DAVIDSON (Davason), John, 9. 

DAVIS, Benedict (Benedick), 4. 

DAVIS, Mr., 7. 

DEANE, Mr., 26. 

DEBUSQUE, Mr., 108. 

DELAWARE River, 7. 

DELLANO, Capt., 130. 

DELONY (Deloney), Mr., 22. 33. 

DELONY, Mrs., 99. 

DELONY, Patsy, 99. 

DELONY (Deloney), WUliam, 22, n. 27. 

DENISON, Mary, see Mary Denison 
Rossiter. 

DENMARK, 93. 

DEN SLOW, Patience, see Patience 
Denslow Ross. 

DESVERGERS, James Charles Anthony, 
n. 114. 

DESVERGERS, Lillian, Iv. 

DESVERGERS, Martha de la Rue 
Duvidet, n. 114. 

DEVEREAUX, Mr., 106. 

DEWHURST (Duhurst), Mr., 101. 

DKWHURST (Duherst), Samuel, 122, 
125. 

DEWITT (Duett), Mr., 37, 38, 45. 

DIVHERST, Mr., 117 ; see also des- 
Vergers. 

DOBOY Island, Ga., 23, 26, 30, 38, 39, 
40, 41, 47, 49, 75, 88, 92, 108. 

DOBOY Sound, Ga., 23. 

DOMINGO, see Domingo Taldo. 

DOUSE, Harriot Mann, n. 94. 

DOUSE, Samuel, n. 94. 

DOWINGTOWN, Pa., 4. 

DRAKE, Dr., 114, 118, performs opera- 
tion, 122. 

DRAKE, Dr. Samuel, 125. 

DRIGGERS (Drigers), Ephraim, 23. 



149 



DKIGUEUS (Drivers), Job, 23. 

DKUMMOND, Mr., 127, tavern, 127. 

DUHUKST, see Dewherst. 

DUNHAM, Capt., 101, 10.3. 

DUNHAM & Co., 121. 

DUNHAM, Charles, 63, n. 72. 

DUNHAM, McCloud & Miller, 54. 

DUNHAM, Martha Mann, n. 69. 

DUNHAM, Mr., 41, 42, 49, 56, 71, 80, 
85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 92, wife and 
sister-in-law mentioned, 95 ; and wife 
attend ball, 90 ; and wife mentioned, 
97 ; 99, 101, 103, 104, 106, and wife 
nientioued, 107; 108, 111, 113, saw- 
mill mentioned, 121 ; library men- 
tioned, 123, 130. 

DUNHAM, Mrs., 43, 97, 103, 111, 118. 

DUNHAMS Store, 58, 104. 

DUNHAM, Wm., 51, wife mentioned, 53 ; 
54, 55, 56, 57, 73, 74. 

DUNHAM, WiUiam A., 58, 60, 63, 67, 
68, 69, 70, 72, death of child, 74 ; 
80, 84, 91, 94, elected Capt. of Militia, 
95 ; as Capt., 101 ; 102, 111, 113, 
118, Commissioner for Darien, 122 : 
123, n. 69, n. 80, n. 88, n. 90, n. 101. 

DUNING, Mr., 8. 

DUNLOP, James, 8. 

DUNLOP, Mr., 9, 10. 

DUNNOM, see also Dunham. 

DUNNOM, William, n. 72. 

DUVIDET, Martha de la Kue, see 
Martha de la Rue Duvidet des- 
Vergers. 

EAST Florida, n. 66. 

EDWARDS, Benjamin, 69, 72, marriage 

of, 96. 
EHRHARDT, Elizabeth, see Elizabeth 
Ehrhardt Holzendorf. 
ELIZABETHTOWN, Pa.. 5. 
ELLIOTT, John, n. 55. 
ELLIX Creek, Ga., see Aleck Creek, Ga. 
EMBURY, Capt., 122. 
EMMITSBURG (Amitsburg), Pa., 19. 
ENGLAND, n. 52, n. 98. 
ENGLISH ships, captured by Spanish, 

105. 
ENOS (Eno), Daniel, 3, 129, n. 10. 
ENOS, Mercy Gillet Manly, n. 10. 
ENOS, Chloe Mills, n. 10. 
ENOS, Samuel, n. 10 
ESTES, Mrs. Arthur J., ill. 
EULONIA, Ga., n. 85. 
EUROPE, news of peace, 34 ; see also 

n. 43. 

FABIAN (Phebean), Capt., plantation 
mentioned, 25. 

FABIAN, Capt. Jonathan, suicide, 44. 

FABIAN, Esther (Hetty), Dean Lad- 
son, n. 55 ; see also Esther Dean 
Ladson Fabian Harford. 

FABIAN, John, 115, n. 108. 

FABIAN, Jonathan, n. 55, n. 73. 

FABIAN, Mr., 22. 

FAIRCHILD. Phebe, see Phebe Fair- 
child Burnham. 

FAIRFIELD, Conn., n. 16. 

FAIRFIELD, Co., Ohio, n. 20. 

FALL. Henrietta, see Henrietta Fall 
McCall. 

FARRELL (Ferril), Mr., boat men- 
tioned, 42. 

FAUCHE, Lt. Col. Jonas, n. 113. 

FAUCHE (Fosh), Maj., 101, 116. 



FAUCHE, Polly Daniel, u. 113. 
FAYETTEVILLE, N. C, 62. 
FERGUSON (Furgison), Jacob, 76. 
FILES, Mr., 11. 
FINHOLAWAY Creek, Ga., see Phin 

Holloway Creek, Ga. 
FISHERS Inn, 19. 

FITCH, Chloe, see Chloe Fitch Burn- 
ham. 
FITCH, John, n. 1. 

FITCH, Joseph, III (grandfather of 
Reuben), n. 1, n. 131. 
FITCH, Sarah, see Sarah Fitch King. 
FITCH, Sarah Shaler (grandmother of 

Reuben), n. 1. n. 131. 
FITCH, Zalmon, n. 14. 
FITZPATRICK, Margaret Louise Crelch- 

ton, see Margaret Louise Crlechton 

Fitzpatrick Holzendorf. 
FIVEPOUND (Fivepoun), Ga., 56. 
FLORIDA, 41, 105, n. 98, see also East 

Florida. 
FLOYD, Gen. John, n. 51. 
FLOYD, John Fendin, n. 51. 
FOOT, Ellas, 56, 61. 
FOOT, ...., 62. 
FORT Barrington, 23, n. 30, see also 

Barrington. 
FORT Frederica, St. Simons Island, 

Ga., n. 39, see also Frederica. 
FORT Howe, n. 30. 
FORT James, 38, 69, 72, n. 48. 
FOWLER, Andrew, 128, n. 121, n. 123, 

n. 128. 
FOWLER, Andrea Morgan, n. 128. 
FOWLER, Benjamin, n. 128. 
FOWLER, Capt. James, wife mentioned, 

125; 128, n. 123, n. 128. 
FOWLER, Alartha Stone, n. 121, n. 123, 

n. 128. 
FOWLER, Mary Lefferts, n. 123. 
FOWLER, Mrs. James, n. 123. 
FOWLER, Capt. Russell, 125, 127. 
FOWLER, Russell, 68, n. 121. 
FRANCES, John, tavern mentioned, 127. 
FRANKLIN, Benjamin, n. 125. 
FRANKLIN, Pa., 17, n. 21. 
FREDERICA, St. Simons Island, Ga., 

33, 36, 76, 83, 105, 109, 110, n. 89. 

n. 71, n. 82, n. 96, n. 98, see also 

Old Town. 
FREELAND (Freland), Mr., 82, 86, 92, 

95. 
FREELAND, Nelly Webb, 104. 
FREELAND, Robert, marriage of, 104. 
FREELANDS (Frelands) Store. 103. 
FREER, Frances, 6. 
FREER, Mr., 7. 
FREE Vicies. Ga., 109. 
FRIENDSHIP (sloop), 26. 
FRIST (Friss), Mr., death of, 33. 
FROST, Abraham, 5. 
FULTON, Capt., 24, 25, 49, 54, 68, 120. 



GAGE, Capt., 130. 

(JALE, Dr. Moses, n. 4. 

GALE, Temperance Worthlngton, see 

Temperance Worthlngton Gale Smith. 
GALLATINE, Albert, in Congressional 

election, 15 ; n. 23. 
GARY (Gayrie), Samuel, 38. 
GASCOIGNE (Gaskins) Bluff, St. 

Simons Island, Ga., 37, 56, 61, 105. 
GAY, Daniel, 2. 

GENERALS Island, Ga., 52, 57. 
GENEVA, Switzerland, n. 23. 



150 



GEORGE (sloop), 68, 125. 

GEORGIA, 18, see also names of specific 

places. 
GEORGETOWN, Va., 127. 
GIBBS (Gibbes), Mr., 23, 82, 94, 110, 

113, 120. 
GIBBS, William, n. 84. 
GIBBS, Wm., 80. 
GIGNILLIAT, Charlotte Pepper, n. 56, 

n. 110. 
GIGNILLIAT, Elizabeth, see Elizabeth 

GinrnlUiat Cooper. 
GIGNILLIAT, Gilbert, n. 40. 
GIGNILLIAT, James, n. 56, n. 110. 
GIGNILLIAT, Jane Elizabeth, see Jane 

Gignilliat Heyward. 
GIGNILLIAT, John, 47. 
GIGNILLIAT, John May, n. 56. 
GIGNILLIAT, Mary McDonald, n. 40. 
GIGNILLIAT, Mary Magdalen, see Mary 

Magdalen Gisnilliat Nephew. 
GIGNILLIAT, Mr., 42. 
GILL, Mr., 104, 106, death of, 109. 
GILLET, Mercy, see Mercy Gillet Manly 

Enos. 
GILLET, Sarah, see Sarah Gillet 

Rogert. 
GILLSON (Gilson), Eleazer, death of 

daughter, 17 ; n. 24. 
GILLSON, Fanny, n. 24. 
GILLSON, Mary Brockway, n. 24. 
GILMETT (Gilmot), see Gullmett. 
GLYNN (Glyn), Mr., 34, 100. 
GLYNN Co., Ga., 64, 94, n. 35, n. 38, 

n. 41, n. 57, n. 62, n. 67, n. 84, n. 95, 

n. 118. 
GORDON, John, 50. 
GORDON, Mrs., 124. 
GORMAN, John, 61, 62, 65, 84. 
GOSHEN, N. Y., 8, n. 4, n. 24. 
GOULD, James, 104, 107, 113, n. 98. 
GOULD, James D., iv. 
GOULD, Jane Harris, n. 98. 
GOULD, Mildred, iv. 
GOULD, Mr., 100, 102, 123, 124. 
GOULD, Capt. Thomas K., n. 73. 
GRAHAM, Dr., 119. 
GRANT, Thomas, 55. 
GRANVILLE, Mass., n. 97. 
GRAY, Mr., 116. 
GREAT Ogeechee, Ga., n. 104. 
GREEN. Henry, 34, 62, 75, death of, 76. 
GRBENBURG, Pa., 7. 
GREBNCASTLB, Pa., 19. 
GREENE Co., Ga., n. 113. 
GREENE, Henry, n. 81. 
GREENSBORO, Ga., n. 113. 
GRIFPING, Capt., 78, 87. 
GUILFORD, Conn., 128, n. 121, n. 123, 

n. 128. 
GUILMETT, Francis, administrator, es- 
tate of Elam Thornton, 31, n. 35. 



HA DEN, Mr., 47. 

HAGERMAN'S (inn?), 130. 

HALE, John, apprentice to Reuben, 88. 

HALL. Mr., 103. 

HAMLETON'S Tavern, 4. 

HAMMON. Capt., 102 

HAMMONS, Jacob, 66. 

HAMPSHIRE (Hamshare), Mr., 11. 

HAMPTON Creek, Ga., 92, 93. 

HAMPTON Point, St. Simons Island. 

Ga.. 37, 96, 105, n. 38, n. 96. 
HARDEN, Capt., 122. 
HARDEN, Martin, 101, 102, 122. 



HARDEN, Mr., 38, 69, 72, 85, 100, 107, 

108. 
HARFORD, Esther Dean L a d s o n 

Fabian, n. 73. 
HARFORD, Henry, store mentioned, 58 ; 

65, 66, 79, 80, wedding, 98 ; n. 73, 

n. 92. 
HARFORD, Mr., 78, 82, 83, 101, 107. 
HARPER, L., 57. 

HARPER, Leonard, marriage of, 50 ; 60. 
HARPER, Mr., 23, death of child, 33 ; 

50, 53, 54, 68, 85. 
HARRELL, Charlotte Wright, n. 105. 
HARRELL (Harrall, Herrald), Dr., 

111. 
HARRELL (Harral), Dr. George, n. 92, 

n. 105. 
HARRIS, Jane, see Jane Harris Gould. 
HARRIS, Mr., 32. 
HARRISBURG, Pa., 5. 
HARRIS (Harrisses) Neck, 124. 
HARRISON (Harrisson), Joseph, 13. 
HART, Mrs. Thomas C, lii. 
HARTFORD, Conn., 68, 125, n. 1. 
HARTLAND, Conn., 129, n. 1, n. 132. 
HARTRIDGE, Alfred L., iv. 
HARTSUCK (Heartsuck), Mr., 85. 
HARVE de Grace, Md., 127. 
HAUGHTON (also Horton) Phebe, see 

Phebe Horton Calder. 
HA WES, Lllla M.. iil. 
HEATH, Mrs., 103. 
HECAVER, Mr., 124. 
HEMP. Mr., 99. 
HENDERSON, Mr., 100. 
HENDERSON, Rev. Mr., 11. 
HENDRICK (Hendrake), John, 26. 
HENDRICKS (Hendrakes), Mr., 27. 
HERDS Island, Ga., 38, 123. 
HERTLEY. Mr., 15. 
HEYWARD, Col. Daniel, n. 85. 
HEYWARD, Jane Elizabeth Gignilliat, 

n. 85. 
HEYWARD. Maria, see Maria Heyward 

Brailsford. 
HILL, Jane, see Jane Hill Bishop 

Mulryne. 
HILLSIDE, N. Y., n. 6 ; see also Noble- 
town, N. Y. 
HINSDALE (Hensdale), Horace, 128, 

n. 127. 
HOBBS, Bias, 18. 
HODGE, Mr., 83, preaches sermon in 

Darien, 84. 
HOGES, Mr., 69, 72. 
HOLLAND, Duett, 36. 
HOLLAND, James, 35. 
HOLLENBECK, Matthias, 15. 
HOLMES, Mr., 42. 
HOLSTIEN, D., 114. 
HOLSTEIN, Daniel, 73, 76, 87, 124. 
HOLSTEIN, Mr., oversees Butler tan 

yard, 33; 45, 90, 96, 106, 109, 110, 

112, 119. 
HOLZENDORF, Charles William 

Frederick, n. 46, n. 89. 
HOLZENDORF, Elizabeth Ehrhardt, 

n. 46. 
HOLZENDORF, George, 57, n. 68. 
HOLZENDORF, Isaac, 57, n. 68. 
HOLZENDORF, John Frederick, n. 46. 
HOLZENDORF, Dr. John Frederick, 

n. 89. 
HOLZENDORF, John L. K., 37, elected 

lieutenant of militia, 40 ; juror, 52 ; 

death of wife, 68 ; 95, Commissioner, 
122; n. 68, n. 76. 



151 



HOLZBNDORF. John Lewis Kale, n. 46. 

HOLZENDORF, Lt., 48. 

HOLZBNDORF, Margaret Louise 
Creichton Fltzpatrlck, n. 46. 

HOLZENDORF, Mary, n. 89. 

HOLZENDORF, Mr., store robbod, 49 ; 
51, store mentioned, 58 ; sister men- 
tioned, 84 ; 92, plantation mentioned, 
94, 96; 107, 108, 110, 114, 119. 

HOLZENDORF, Mrs., illness, 67; deati 
of, 68, 69. 

HOLZENDORF, Sarah (Sally) Martin 
Holzendorf, n. 46, n. 76. 

HOLZENDORF, Wm., 50, juror, 52 ; 
death of, 87 ; burial, 88 ; death of 
child, 110; n. 89. 

HOMER, Mr., 105. 

HONEY Gall Creek, Ga., 41, 43. 

HOPE, Mr., 13. 

HOPETON Plantation, Glynn Co., Ga., 
n. 82. 

HOPKINS, Elizabeth Aurella, see Eliza- 
beth Aurella King. 

HOPKINS, Francis, ii, n. 107. 

HOPKINS, Major, 113, 115, 119, 120. 

HOPKINS, Mary Martlnangelo, n. 107. 

HOPKINS, Mrs., 119. 

HOPKINS, Octavius C, ii. 

HOPKINS, Rebecca Sayre, ii, n. 107. 

HORN, Mr., 114. 

HORNSBY, John, 50. 

HORSE Creek, Ga., 42, 43, 81. 

HORTON (also Haughton), Phebe, see 
Phebe Horton Calder. 

HORTON, Wm., juror, 52. 

HOSTATER, David, inn mentioned, 19. 

HOUSTOUN, Ann Priscilla, see Ann 
Priscilla Houstoun Mcintosh. 

HOWLu\ND, New Conn., 10, see also 
Howland, Ohio. 

ROWLAND, Ohio, n. 17. 

HUDSON River, N. Y., 128. 

HULINS, Mr., 17. 

HUNT, Abigail King (sister of Reuben), 
40, family mentioned, 129 ; n. 1. 

HUNT & Lines, 1, 2, 60. 

HUNT, Isaac, 2, 40, 48, 57, 59, 80, 
113, 129, n. 1, n. 8. 

HUNT, J., juror, 52. 

HUNT, James, 64, killed by Wm. 
Shields, 65. 

HUNT, John, 49, moves family to Sun- 
bury, 53 ; 55. 

HUNT, Major, 3, 10, 24. 

HUNT, Mr., 48. 

HUNT, Nabby, see Abigail King Hunt. 

HUNT, Wm., death of wife, 106. 

HUNTER & Minis (Minus), 77. 

HUNTER (brig), n. 104. 

HURRICANE of 1804, description of, 
90, n. 91. 

HUSSEY, George, 19, 20. 

HUSSEY & Fisher, 20. 

HUSTEN, John, 75. 

HYSON, Mr., 116. 

IRELAND, 95, n. 22, see also county 
Carlow. 

IRWIN, John, 11. 

IRWIN, Mr., disagreement with Reuben 
over wages, 9 ; 12. 

IRWIN, Mrs., 13. 

IRWIN, William, 6, 7, 13, 16, inn men- 
tioned, 18. 

IVY, Turner, 79. 



JACOB (slave?), 99. 

JAF (slave), 61. 

JALAP (jallop), 28. 

JAMAICA, Lonfr Island, N. Y., n. 128. 

JEFFERSON, Thomas, elected Presi- 
dent, 20 ; election celebration in 
Charleston, S. C, 21. 

JEMIMA (slave), 35. 

JEYKEL Island, Ga., 56. 

JILLSON, Myrtle M., lit. 

JO (slave), 36. 

JOHNSON, ...., 48, 78. 

JOHNSON, George, 26, 27. 

JOHNSON, Mr., 83, 84, 86, 91, 93, 101, 
120, 122. 

JOHNSON, Rebecca, see Rebecca John- 
son Patch. 

JOHNSON, Silas, 79, 123. 

JOHNSTON'S Inn, 18. 

JONES, Judge, 94. 

JONES, Matthew, 85. 

JONES, Mr., 30, 69. 

JONES, Sheriff, son apprehended for 
stealing, 10. 

JUDSON, Elizabeth, see Elizabeth Jud- 
son Canfield. 

JUNIATA River, Pa., 5. 



KEATING girls, 81. 
KEATING house, 94, 120. 
KEATING (Keaton), Betty, 64, 65. 
KEATING (Keaton, Keton), Mrs., 53. 
KEATING (Keaton), Patty, 64, 65, 72. 

77. 
KEEN, Capt., 128. 
KEMBLE, Frances Ann, n. 38, see also 

Frances Ann Kemble Butler. 
KENNEDY (Kenada), Mr., 47. 
KENNEDY (Kenada), ...., Oconee boat 

mentioned, 48. 
KENNEDY (Keneda), Wm., 103. 
KENT. Conn., n. 20. 
KIBBE, Mary, see Mary Kibbe Bissell. 
KICKLIGHTER, Janie, Iv. 
KIDD, Wm., 68. 
KIDD, ...., 69. 
KING, Abigail (sister of Reul)en), see 

Abigail King Hunt. 
KING, Abigail Austin (wife of Reuben), 

i, 11, n. 1. 
KING, Aurella, see Aurelia King 

Walker. 
KING, Barrlngton (son of Roswell), 

n. 28. 
KING, Betty Beacher (Beecher), (wife 

of George, Jr.), 129. 
KING, Catherine (daughter of Roswell), 

n. 28. 
KING, Catherine Barrington (wife of 

Roswell), 24, has quilting party, 31; 

39, 40, 41, 42, 45, 64, accuses Reuben 
of bad conduct, 81 ; 96, n. 28. 

KING, Eliza Barrington (daughter of 
Roswell), n. 28. 

KING. Elizabeth Aurelia (daughter of 
Reul>en), ii. 

KING, George (brother of Reuben), i, 
ii, administrator, estate of Timothy 
King, 2 ; 4, 13, 40, 47, 73, 76, 94, 
102, 113, 117, family mentioned, 129, 
130, n. 1, n. 8. 

KING, George, Jr. (son of George), 2, 

40, marriage of, 129 ; 130, n. 9. 
KING, Harriet (daughter of George), 

see Harriet King Roberts, 129, n. 130. 



152 



KING, Jerusha Starr (wife of Thomas), 
n. 1. 

KING, Martha (step-mother of Reuben), 
129, n. 1. 

KING, Miriam (sister of Reuben), see 
Miriam King Bates Allen, n. 1, and 
Miriam King Bates. 

KING, Nabby (sister of Reuben), see 
Abigail King Hunt. 

KING, P. Butler (son of Roswell), n. 28. 

KING, Ralph (son of Roswell), n. 28. 

KING, Reuben (deceased brother of 
Reuben), n. 1. 

KING, Reuben, sketch of, 1, ii ; ap- 
prenticeship ends, 1 ; describes ill- 
ness and death of brother Timothy, 
1-2 ; travels from Sharon to Pitts- 
burgh, 3-6 ; describes territory between 
Sharon and Pittsburgh, 6-7 ; works in 
Pennsylvania, 6-18 ; illness of, 13, 
14, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 64, 66, 74, 

75, 105, 108-09, 110, 112, 118, 119 ; 
describes area around Pittsburgh, 14 ; 
travels from Penn. to Ga., 18-23 ; 
works in Darien, Ga., 23-125 ; visits 
St. Marys, Ga., 37, 59, 105 ; dis- 
couraged about business, 54 ; juror, 
65 ; determines not to extend credit, 
77 ; purchases a horse, 84 ; engages 
an apprentice, 88-89 ; describes hur- 
ricane, 90 ; visits ruins of hurricane, 
93 ; describes poor economic condi- 
tions of the area, 96 ; contemplates 
future plans, 98-99 ; describes cold 
weather, 97, 114-15 ; takes celestial 
measurements, 114 ; prepares for trip 

to Conn., 124-25 ; departs from Darien, 
Ga., 125 ; visits Norfolk, 120 ; visits 
Washington, 126-27 ; visits Phila- 
delphia, 127-28 ; visits New York, 128 ; 
visits family and friends in Conn., 
128-30 ; returns to Darien, Ga., 130. 

KING, Roswell, sketch of , ii ; 5, 13, 
18, family mentioned, 22, 24, 48, 57, 

76, 95, 112, 113, 119 ; 23, considers 
tanning business, 24 ; makes brick, 
25-26 ; 27, 28, 29, 31 ; attends elec- 
tion at Newport, 32 ; builds chimney, 
33 ; clears fishing place, 34 ; visits 
St. Marys, 35, 36; 38, attends Bat- 
talion muster at Sapelo, 40 ; visits 
Savannah, 40, 41, 42 ; 43, agrees to 
superintend property of Maj. Pierce 
Butler, 44, 45 ; considers co-partner- 
ship with Reuben, 46 ; Illness and 
death of son Rufus, 46, 47 ; moves 
family to St. Simons Island, 48 ; 49. 
50, 51, 53 ; criticized by Reuben, 54 ; 
55, 56, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 
69, 71, 72, 73, 75, 77, wife men- 
tioned, 79, 83, 86, 95, 111, 124 ; 81, 
90, slave Stephen bound to Roswell, 
91 ; 93, 104, 105, 107, 109, 110, 115, 
127, n. 1 ; n. 28; n. 38. 

KING, Roswell, Jr. (son of Roswell), 

n. 28, n. 38. 
KING, Rufus (son of Roswell), illness 

and death, 46 ; funeral, 47 ; n. 28. 
KING, Sarah (sister of Reuben), see 

Sarah King Bates. 

KING, Sarah Amanda (daughter of 
Reuben), 11. 

KING, Sarah Fitch (mother of Reuben), 
mentioned, 5 ; n. 1 ; n. 120. 

KING, Sarah (Sally) Meers (wife of 
Thomas), 68, 96, n. 1. 



KING, Thomas (brother of Reuben), 
6, 21, leaves Darien for St. Marys, 
24 ; 28, sends flour to Reuben and 
Roswell, 30 ; 31 ; illness of, 33 ; visits 
Darien, departs for St. Marys, 38 ; 
42, 46, 47, visits Savannah, 51 ; re- 
turns to Darien, departs for St. 
Marys, 38 ; 42, 46, 47, visits Savan- 
nah, 51 ; returns to Darien, departs 
for St. Marys, 53; 59, 60, 68, 69, 75, 
88, wife and child mentioned, 95 ; 
n6, 104, 105, 107, 115, 116, 117, 121, 
123, 124, n. 1. 

KING, Thomas (son of Roswell), n. 28. 

KING, Timothy (brother of Reuben), 
illness and death, 1, 2 ; funeral, 2 ; 
shop mentioned, 2 ; n. 1, estate of, 
n. 8. 

KING. Timothy deceased brother of 
Reuben), n. 1. 

KING, Timothy (father of Reuben), 31, 
129, n. 1. 

KING, Tryphena (wife of George), 2. 

KING, Tryphena Latimer, see Tryphena 
King. 

KING, Tryphena (daughter of George), 
see Tryphena King Williams. 

KING, William (son of Roswell), n. 28. 

KING'S Old Field, 95. 

KIRK, Ann, n. 133. 

KIRK (Kuck), Thomas, 125, n. 133. 

LADSON, Esther "Hetty" Dean, see 

E:;ther "Hetty" Dean Ladson Fabian. 
LANCASTER, Ohio, n. 20. 
LANCASTER, Pa., 4. 
LASSEN. T., ill. 
LATIMER, Tryphena (wife of George 

King), see Tryphena Latimer King. 
LAUREL Hill, Liberty Co., Ga., n. 106. 
LAURENS Co., Ga., n. 100. 
LEAKE, Jane Martin, n. 71. 
LEAKE, Richard, n. 71. 
LEAKE. Sarah, see Sarah Leake 

Spalding. 
LEE. Mr., 104. 
LBFFERTS, Mary, see Mary Lefferts 

Fowler. 
LEGARDERB, Ann, see Ann Legardere 

Clay. 
LEON Co., Fla., n. 100. 
LEWIS Creek, Ga., 25, 37. 
LIBERTY Co., Ga., 1, 97, 107, 115, 

n. 33, n. 42, n. 55, n. 72, n. 79, n. 82, 

n. 94, n. 103, n. 106. 
LILES, Benjamin, n. 53. 
T.ILES (Lisle), Benjamin, 42, 74. 
LILES. Henry, n. 53. 
LILES, Mr., 73. 
LILES (Lisles), Thomas, death of, 42, 

n. 53. 
LIME kiln, 48, 73, 74, 78, 103, 107, 

124. 
LIINIE loading for brick making, 26, 107. 
LIMESTONE, Ky., 6. 
LINDER, George, 37, 38, n. 44. 
LINDER, Jacob, 85. 
LINDER, Joseph, 125. 
LINDER, Lewis, 99, n. 95. 
LINDER, Messrs., 38. 
LINDER, Mr., 23, 24, 25, 27, 34, 35, 

37, 39, 40, 41, 50, 65, 73, 85. 
LINDER, Peter, 65. 
LINDER'S slave, mentioned, 36. 
LINES, B., 40. 
LINES, Benjamin, 2. 
LITCHFIELD, Conn., 2, 3, 129, n. 1, 



153 



n. 6. 
LITTLEJOHN, Mr., 30, 48. 61. 
LITTLE Satilla (Sautllly) River, Ga., 

LITTLE St. Simons Island, Ga., 25, 42, 

49, (il, 62, 110. 
LITTLETON, Pa., 5. 
LLOYD (Loyd), John. 63, 60, 67, 68. 

71. 73. 
LLOYD (loyd), Mr., illness. 80; death 

of. 87 ; n. 88. 
LOCKWINNOCH, Scotland, n. 82. 
LOT. John, 59, 98. 
LOT, Luke, 97. 
LOUISVILLE, Ga., 62. 
LOWER Bluff, Ga., 124. 
LITCY (sloop), 54. 
LTIDER. Joseph. 99. 
LUDLUM, David M.. iii. 

MACKLEDUFF. Danl., 115. 

MARTIN, Mrs. Clinton, iv. 

McCALL, Duncan, 125, n. 120. 

MeCALL, Henrietta Fall, n. 100. 

McCALL, Hugh, n. 100. 

McCALL, Mr., 87, 115, 116. 

McCALL, Selina Mary Ann, see Selina 

Mary Ann McCall Vivion. 
McCALL, Thomas, n. 109. 
McCALL, Thomas, n. 100. 
McCARTER, Mr.. 52. 
McCLERY, Mr., 11. 

McCONNELL (McConel), Capt.. 113. 
McCONLEYTOWN. Pa.. 19. 
McDonald, Angus (Angris), 33. 
McDonald, Charles, n. 40. 
McDonald, Esq.. 52. 
McDonald. Margaret, n. 40 ; see also 

Mrs. Sturling. ^ ^^ 

Mcdonald, Mary, 28, 39, 45, 09, 85, 

n. 40 ; see also Mary McDonald Gig- 

nilliat. 
Mcdonald, Miss, 46. 

Mcdonald. Mr.. 24. ii7, 120, 121, 

124. 

Mcdonald, Norman, 28, 33, resigned 
as Capt., 40; 48, 55, elected Repre- 
sentative in Georgia Legislature, 91 ; 
107, 116. n. 40. 

Mcdonald. Robert, 54, n. 61. 

Mcdonald (McDanold), Wm., 76, 85. 

McFALL (Mcfall), Mr., 103. 

McFxVLL, Thomas, death of. 110 ; 
n. 102. 

McFERSON (Mcferson), Mr., 9. 

McOEE, Mr., 105. 

McGEE, Wm., 105. 

McGREW(Magrue), Seman, 9. 

McGREW (Megrue), Wm., 16. 

McIAN (Mcin), ...., 92. 

McINTOSH, Ann Priscilla Houstoun, 
n. 66. „ ^ 

McINTOSH (Mcintosh), Mrs. Barbara, 
125. n. 122. 

McINTOSH Bluff, Ga., 103. 

McINTOSH County Academy. Commis- 
sioners, 62. 

McINTOSH County Court House, 68, 
111, 116, 118. 120, Battalion muster. 
122'; n. 49, see also Sapelo Bridge. 

McINTOSH County, Ga., i, ii, iii, Iv, 
21-125, 130, n. 1, n. 27, n. 31, n. 32, 
n. 33, n. 36, n. 38, n. 40, n. 41. n. 44. 
n. 45, n. 46. n. 47. n. 49. n. 50. n. 51, 
n. 54, n. 55, n. 57, n. 59, n. 60, n. 61, 
n. 63, n. 64, n. 65, n. 60, n. 71, n. 73, 
n. 74, n. 78, n. 79, n. 83, n. 85, n. 86. 



n. 87. n. 88. n. 100, n. 101, n. 107, 
n. 108, n. 109, n. 114, n. 117, n. 121, 
n. 122. 

McINTOSH, Charlotte Pepper Nephew, 
II. 74. 

McINTOSH, Elizabeth Bavard, n. 66. 

M'lXTOSH, George, n. 06. 

McINTOSH, Hampden (Hamden), 66, 
81, 95, plantation mentioned, 106, 
114, n. 74. 

McINTOSH, Sgt. John, 50. 

McINTOSH, John H.. 56, builds store 
in Darlen, 66. 

McINTOSH, John Houstoun, land dis- 
pute with State of Georgia, 58, n. 60. 

McINTOSH. Gen. Lachlan, n. 74. 

McINTOSH, Jlargery. see Margery Mc- 
intosh Spalding. 

McINTOSH, Mr., 85. 97, 99. 

McINTOSH. Mrs., n. 123. 

]\IcTNTOSH Old Field, 78. 

McINTOSH. Roderick (Rory), n. 42. 

McINTOSH. Sarah Threadcraft. n. 74. 

McINTOSH. William, son of Mrs. James 
F'lwler, 125. 

McINTOSH, Col. William, n. 122. 

McINTOSH, William of Mala, n. 122. 

McINTOSH, Wlnwood (also Wainwood), 

34, n. 42. 
McTNTOSHS field, 52. 
McKAY, Mr., 107. 109. 
McKAY, Wm.. 123. 
Mcknight (Mcnlght). John. 9. 
McLEOD. John, 56. n. 65. 
McLEOD (McLeoad), Mr., 124. 
McLEOD, Murdock (Murdoc), 56, 85, 

n. 64. 
McMillan (McMllln, McMlllen). John. 

35. 49. 52. 56. 62. 

:McMILLAN. Malcolm (Malcholm). 62. 

McMillan (McMillen), Mr., 36. 

Mcpherson, see Mcferson. 

McSPARRAN(McSparin), Mr., 18. 

:\IADIS0N, President, n. 98. 

MAHONING Co., Ohio, n. 12, n. 24. 

MAJOR, Joseph. 101. 

MaKEE, Wm., 6. 

MALA (also Malla, Mallow). Planta- 
tion, Ga., n. 122. 

MALEPORT (schooner), 53. 

MANLY. Mercy Gillet, see Mercy Glllet 
Manly Enos. 

MANN, Ann "Nancy," see Ann Mann 
Pray. 

MANN, Harriot, 97; see also Harriot 
Mann Douse. 

MANN, Luke, n. 69. 

MANN, Luke, Sr., n. 94, n. 104. 

MANN, Martha, see Martha Mann 
Dunham, n. 69. 

MANN sisters, 98. 

MARIANA Plantation, Ga., n. 66. 

MARINGO (brig), 61, 63. 

MARION, Gen. Francis, n. 96. 

MARRCHEW (Marceau?), Capt., 83. 

IMARTIN (Martain), Capt., 20, 21. 

MARTIN, Jane, see Jane Martin Leake. 

MARTIN, Mrs. Clinton, iv. 

MARTINANGELO, Mary, see Mary 
Martinangolo Hoijkins. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 103 ; see also names 
of specific places. 

MATHER. Jerusha, see Jerusha Mather 
Smith. 

MAXWELL, Barbara, see Barbara Max- 
well Pray. 

MAXWELL, James, n. 104. 



1.S4 



MAXWELL, Rebecca, see Rebecca Max- 
well Couper. 

MAXWELL, Thomas, 78. 

MAY, James, 98. 

MAY Hall Creek, Ga., see Mllhall Creek. 

MEADVILLE, Pa., 12, 13, 15. 

MEASE, Dr. James, n. 38. 

ME.VSE, Pierce, n. 38 ; see also Pierce 
Mease Butler. 

MEASE. Sarah Butler, n. 38. 

MECKLENBURG Co., Va., 87. 

jNIEERS, Sarah, see Sarah Meers King. 

MEERS, Sarah Daggett, n. 1. 

MEERS (Mears), Mr., 96. 

MKERS, Solomon, n. 1. 

MELL, Mr., 111. 

MELL, Sally Sumner Bacon, n. 106. 

MELL, Thomas, n. 106. 

MELL. William, n. 106. 

MENDENHALL, Thomas, n. 97. 

MENDBNHALL, Thomas, Jr., 104. 

MERCERSBURGH, Pa., 19. 

MEItCER'S Inn, 7. 

MERRITT, Mr., 69. 

MIDDLETON, Polly, see Polly Middle- 
ton Butler. 

MIDDLETON, Thomas, n. 38. 

MIDWAY. Ga., n. 73, n. 106. 

MILLHALL (May Hall?) Creek, Ga., 
38. 100. 

MILLEDGE, Gov. John, 116, n. 112. 

MILLER, Thomas, 106. 

MILLER'S Inn, 4. 

MILLS, Chloe, see Chloe Mills Enos. 

MILLS, Eli, li. 

MINERS Creek, Ga., 83. 

MOLL Clarks River, Ga., 22. 

MONDAY, Isaac, 57 ; see also Isaac 
Munden. 

MONDAY, Mr., 26. 

MONONGAHEL.\ River, Pa., 6, 12. 

MONTFORD (also Muntford), Capt., 68. 

MONTFORD, Maj., 51. 

JNIOODY, Moses, 40, leaves Darien, 41. 

MOON bow, description, 72, n. 77. 

MOORE'S Inn, 19. 

MORGAN, Andrea, see Andrea Morgan 
Fowler. 

MORGAN, Capt., 45. 

MORGAN, Josh., 112. 

MORRIS, Benjamin, 58, 59. 

MORRIS, G., 53. 

MORRIS, Gear, 55. 

MORRIS (Morrlce), George, 51, burned, 
57 ; death of, 57, 58 ; burial, 59 ; 60. 

MORRIS, Mr., 25, 29, 31, 32, 52, 55. 

MORRIS, store mentioned, 58. 

MORRIS (slave), n. 91. 

MORRISON'S (Morrisson's) wharf, 23. 

MT. Vernon, description of, 126 ; n. 124. 

MULRYNE, Esq., 123, 124. 

MULRYNE (also Mulrine), James, 28, 
n. 33. 

MULRYNE, Jane Hill Bishop, n. 33. 

MULRYNE, Mr., death of daughter, 
112: family mentioned, 112. 

MUNDEN, Isaac, n. 67 ; see also Isaac 
Monday. 

NARROWS, The, 23. 

N.ASSAU, 68, 70, n. 75; see also New 

Providence. 
NBAL. Macurcine, 94. 
NEPHEW, ..... 62. 
NEPHEW. Charlotte Pepper, see Char- 

liftte Pepper Nephew Mcintosh. 



NEPHEW, James, 74, elected Senator 
in Georgia State Legislature, 91 ; 
n. 74 ; n. 79. 

NEPHEW, Mary Magdalen GlgnilUat, 
n. 79. 

NEPHEW, Mr., 116, 118, 120, 124. 

NEPHEW, Peter, n. 79. 

NEUCHATEL, Switzerland, n. 113. 

NEW Britain, Conn., n. 7. 

NEW Connecticut, 8, 10, 11 ; see also 
Western Reserve. 

NEW Rnglanders, i. 

NEW Hartford. Conn., n. 120. 

NEWHOPE Plantation, Ga., 25. 

NEW Jersey, 97, 109. 

NEW Jersey College, n. 111. 

NEW London, Conn., 10, 78. 

NEWMAN (Numan), ...., 43. 

NEW Milford, Conn., 2, n. 12, n. 14. 

NEWPORT, Ga., election held, 32. 

NEW Providence, 68, see also Nassau. 

NEWTON, James, n. 117. 

NEWTON, Mr., 123. 

NEW York, N. Y., 3, 4, 7, 86, 111, 112, 
124. 125, 128, 130, n. 12, n. 66, n. 113, 
n. 127. 

NICOLAU (Nicolau), Capt., 61. 

NICOLAU, Capt., 63. 

NIGLY, Jacob, 12. 

NOBLETOWN, N. Y., 2, see also Hill- 
side, N. Y. 

NORFOLK, Va., 126. 

NORTHAMPTON Co., N. €., n. 53. 

NORWICH, Conn., n. 37. 

NOTH, Capt. Thom., sloop mentioned, 
128, 130. 

O'BERRY (Obry), Mr., 26. 
O'BERRY (Obry), Reuben, 55, n. 63. 
O'BRIEN, Capt., John, 22. 
OCONEE (Ocone) River, Ga., 39. 
OGEECHEE Ferry, 123. 
OGEECHBE River, Ga., 107. 
OGLETHORPE. Gov., n. 39. 
OHIO. n. 13, see also names of specific 

places. 
OIL Creek, Pa., 17. 
OLD Fort Bluff, Ga., 66. 
OLD Town, Ga., 33, 41, 59, 124, n. 39 ; 

see also Frederica, St. Simons Island, 

Ga. 
O'NEAL, Capt. Joseph, 1. 
ORANGE Co., N. Y., n. 24. 
OSBORNE, Eunice, see Eunice Osborne 

Burr. 
OYSTER Bay, L. L, N. Y., n. 127. 

PAGE, Hannah Tlmmons, n. 96. 
PAGE, Maj. William, n. 96. 
PAGE, Mr., 103, 108. 

PARK (Parks) , 48, 49, 61, 69, 101. 

PARK (Parks), E., 65, 115. 
PARK, Erastus, 50, 69, 101. 
PARK (Parks), Mr., 50, 55, 56. 74, 

76, 77. 
PARKER, Mr., 115, 123. 
PARKER, Joseph, 116, 122, 123, 124. 
PARSONS, Mr., 56. 
PA SONS, Ephraim, discusses co-partner- 

sliip with Reuben, 40. 
PATCH, Nathaniel, 110, n. 103. 
PATCH, Rebecca Johnson, n. 103. 
PATTEN (Paten), George, 125. 
PATTEN (Paten), Mr., illness and 

death, 32. 
PAWTUCKETT, R. I., n. 104. 
PAYNE, Mrs. Ralph M., iil. 



155 



PEAL, Frederic. 18. 

PEAT ..... 62. 

PEAT, Reuben, 56, 61, 100. 

PEAT (Peet). Wm., 56. 61. 100. 

PECK house. 2. 

PECKHAM. Capt. William, 21. 22. 

PEGGY ..... 84. 

PELICAN Bank, 61. 

PENN, Wm., 128. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 4-19; see names of 

specific places. 
PENNSYLVANIA Hospital. 128 ; n. 125. 
PEPPER, Charlotte, n. 110 ; see also 

Charlotte Pepper GignilUat. 
PEPPER, Jane May, n. 56. 
PERCY, Henrietta, see Henrietta Percy 

Butler. 
PERSONS (Person, Persans), James, 37, 

39, 118, n. 45. 
PERSON, Mr., 33. 
PHEBEAN, see Fabian. 
PHILADELPHIA. Pa., 4, 7. 83. 102. 

127, 128, n. 38. 
PHILLIPS (Phllps), Mr., 27. 
PHIN Holloway (Flnholaway) Creek. 

Ga., 26. 
PIKES Bluff, St. Simons Island, Ga., 

106, 119. 
PINE Harbor, Ga., n. 1. 
PINE Island, Ga., 35, 42, 73. 
PITMAN (Pittman), Jeremiah, n. 83. 
PITTSBURGH, Pa., i, 3, 6-13, garrison 

mentioned, 7 ; Irish mentioned, 14 ; 

description of, 14 ; 15, 16, 17. 18, 20, 

34, 57, 77, n. 24. 
PLUM Orchard (plumborch), 36. 37. 

59. 
PLUM Orchard Creek. Ga., 105. 
PLYME. Dr.. 75. 92. 
PLYME, Dr. A., death of, 93 ; estate 

of, 117. 
PLYME, Dr. Andrew, n. 92. 
POISELEY'S Inn, 19. 
POLLY (schooner), 34, 43, 54. 
PORTAGE Co., Ohio, n. 15. 
PORTER, Dr., 111. 

PORTSMOUTH, Va., Navy yard men- 
tioned, 126. 
POTOSI (Plantation), Ga., n. 60. 
POUGHKEEPSIE, N. Y.. 3, 51, 53, 60, 

70, 128, 130. 
POURS. J., 42, 45. 
POURS, Mr., 42, 43, 45. 
POURS, Rob, 44. 
POWELL (Powel), A., 51, 95. 
POWELL (Powel), A. B., juror, 52. 
POWELL, Abraham, elected Capt. of 

militia, 27 ; 29, 37, 43, 63, 67, 73, 

74, 82. 
POWELL, Abraham F., n. 32, n. 102. 
POWELL (Powel), A. F., juror, 52. 
POWELL (Powel), Alexander, 82, leg 

amputated, 123; n. 86. 
POWELL, Allen, elected Ensign, 40 ; 42, 

43, 82. 
POWELL, Allen Beverly, n. 32, n. 51, 

n. 86. 
POWELL, Ensign (Insn.), 48. 
POWELL, Mary Calder, n. 51. 
POWELL, Mr., 25, 38, 42, 83. 
POWERS .-, 50. 
POWERS, Esq., 12. 
POWERS, Joseph, 48. 
POWERS, Mr., carpenter, 41, 83, 98. 
POWERS, Mrs., 50. 
POWERS, Robert, 43, 67, 73, n. 54. 
PR.\Y, Anil "Nancy" Mann. n. 104. 



PRAY, Barbara Maxwell, n. 104. 

PRAY. Elizabeth Turpln, n. 104. 

PRAY, Job, n. 104. 

PRAY, Col. John, 1, n. 51. 

PRAY, Lt. Col. John, n. 104, n. 107. 

PRAY, Maj., 111. 

PRESIDENT of New Bedford (sloop), 

21. 
PRESQUE Isle, 8. 
PRICE, Dr., 122. 
PRICHARD ...., 62. 
PRICHARD, James, 71, 72, death of, 

75 ; 76. 80. 
PRINCETON University, n. 111. 
PRINCE William Parish, S. C, n. 96. 
I'ROFFIT, Capt. Charles, 61. 
PROVIDENCE, R. I., n. 104. 



QUARTERMAN, Leonora, Iv. 



RANDOLPH, Capt.. 26. 28, 39, 50. 

RANDOLPH, John F., n. 36. 

RANDOLPH, Mrs., 31, 36, 47. 

RANGER, David, 38. 

RAY (Rae), John, 120. 

RAY (Rae), Mr., 40, 68, 73, 77. 82. 83. 

94, 99, 103, 104, 106, 112. 
RAY, William, guardian of John Hale, 

88-89; 101, 111. 
READSTONE (Pa,?), 13. 
REDDOCK, John, 101. 
REDDOCK, Wm., 101. 
REED. Col.. 18. 
REED (Read). John, 13, inn mentioned, 

16; 77. 
REED, Mr., employs Reuben, 15. 
REED (Read), Robert, 13, family In- 

noculated for small pox, 14. 
REED, Col. Robert, 16, 77, n. 21. 
REISTERTOWN, Md., 19. 
REPRESS ...., 87. 
RETREAT Plantation, Ga., n. 96. 
REVOLUTIONARY War Soldiers men- 
tioned, n. 19, n. 23, n. 24, n. 26, 

n. 59, n. 69, n. 96. 
REVOLUTIONARY War, mentioned, 1, 

n. 30, n. 38, n. 40, n. 74, n. 96, n. 110. 
REYNOLDS, Smith, 16. 
RHODE Island, n. 119 ; see also names 

of specific places. 
RICE, cutting, 54 ; machine. 111. 
RICEBORO (Riceborough), Ga., Ill, 

120. 
RICHEY, Wlnewood F., see Winewood 

F. Richey Calder. 
ROACH ...., 44, 45, 46. 
ROACH, Mr., 43, 44. 
ROACH, S., juror, 52. 
ROBERTS, Harriet King (daughter of 

George), 129, n. 130. 
ROBERTS, Hezekiah, 129, n. 130. 
ROBERTS, Mr., 2. 
ROBERTS, Wm., 77, death of, 97. 
ROBERTSON, Capt., 71. 
ROGERS. Dr.. 74. 
ROGERS, Ichabod, 2, n. 5. 
ROGERS, Mr., 82. 
ROGERS, Sarah Gillet, n. 5. 
ROHM, Mr., 5. 
REISTERTOWN (Rolstertown), Md., 

19. 
ROME, N. Y., n. 96. 
ROMEO (slave), 39. 
ROSE'S (Rowes) Bluff. Fla.. 105. n. 99. 
ROSS ..... 115. 



156 



ROSS, James, n. 126. 

ROSS, John, family mentioned, 128 ; 

n. 126. 
ROSS, Patience Denslow, n. 126. 
ROSS, Reuben, 113. 
ROSS, Roxanna, n. 126. 
ROSS, Sabra, n. 126. 
ROSSITTBR (Rossetter), Appleton, 32, 

34, store mentioned, 41 ; n. 37. 
ROSSITTER, Dr. Appleton Wolcott, 

n. 37. 
ROSSITTER, Mr., store mentioned, 43 ; 

79, S3, 86, 88; wife mentioned, 84, 88. 
ROSSITTER, Mary Dennison, n. 37. 
ROSSITTER & Street, store, 48 ; 52, 53, 

50, 57, 58, 63, 77, 95. 
ROSWELL, Ga., founded by Roswell 

King, ii ; n. 1. 
ROWES Bluff, Fla., see Rose's Bluff, 

Fla. 
RUGGLES, Mabel, see Mabel Ruggles 

Canfield. 
RUSSELL ..... 11, 13, 16, 121. 
RUSSELL, Betsey Williams, n. 7. 
RUSSELL, E., 8, 15, 27, 28, 31, 35, 36, 

38, 40, 49, 51, 53, 58, 60, 70, 111, 

112, 115, 124, 129. 
RUSSELL, Emanuel, 2, 3, 4, 7, 17, 19. 

36, 38, 44, 102, 118, n. 7. 
RUSSELL, Mr., 57, 102, 117, 119. 



ST. Andrews Sound, Ga., 59, 105. 

ST. Augustine, Fla., 53. 

ST. Clair Plantation, Ga., n. 98. 

ST. Domingo, 61. 

ST. John, Mabel, see Mabel St. John 

Burr. 
ST. Pauls Parish, Beach Hill, S. C, 

n. 106. 
ST. Peter Point, Ga., 36. 
ST. Marys, Ga.. 24, 30, 31. 33, 35. 36, 

37. 38, 39, 45, 46. 49. 53, 55, 59. 60, 
61. 08. 69. 71, 88. 96, 105, 106, 115, 
116, 118, 123, 124, n. 1, n. 46, n. 52, 
n. 99. 

ST. Marys River, n. 98, n. 99. 
ST. Simons Sound, Ga., 59. 

38, 41, 44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 51, 54, 57, 
61, 63, 64, 70, 76, 80, 81, 83, 90, 92, 
96. 97, 103, 105, 109, 110, 115, 119, 
120, 124, n. 39, n. 85, n. 91, light- 
house, n. 98. 

ST. Simons Island, Ga., 59. 
SASSER. Linda S., lii. 
SPENCB. Dr. T. H., ill. 
STANLEY. Mrs. Eugene A., iv. 
SALISBURY, Conn., 2, 129, n. 3. 
SALMON, Dr., 67, 73, 74, 79, 84, 86. 
SALMON, Dr. Lyman (also Leyman), 

109. n. 101. 
SAN Augustine Co., Texas, n. 100. 
SANDS, Mr.. 105. 

SANSAVILLE. Ga., 26, sawmill men- 
tioned, 107. 
SANTO Domingo, slave insurrection, 

n. 114. 
SAPELO. Ga., 51, 53, 73, 84, 103, 107, 

see also Mcintosh Co., Ga. Court 

House. 
SAPELO Bridge, 79, 84, 125, see also 

Mcintosh Co., Ga. Court House. 
SAPELO High Point, 125. 
SAPELO Island, Ga., 36, 40, 85, 91, 

108, 124, n. 71, n. 107. 
SAPELO Main. Ga., 33. see also Broro 

Neck. 



SAPELO Point, Ga., 22. 

SAPELO River, Ga., 22, 125. 

SAPELO Sound, Ga., 22. 

SARATOGA Springs. N. Y., n. 73. 

SAVAGE, Mary, see Mary Savage Clay. 

SAVAGE, Mary Butler, n. 111. 

SAVAGE. Thomas, n. 111. 

SAYBROOK, Conn., n. 4. 

SAYRE, Rebecca, see Rebecca Sayre 
Hopkins. 

SAVANNAH, Ga., 19, 21, 34, 36, 39, 
40, 41, 42, 48, 53, 54, 55, 58, 59, 64, 
67, 71, 77, 86, 97. 107, 109, 111, 112, 
115, 126, 128, 130, n. 25, n. 46. n. 83, 
n. 91, n. 92, n. 97, n. 98. n. 104, 
n. 105, n. 107, n. Ill, n. 114. 

SAVANNAH Road, 63, 95. 

SCARBOROUGH & Cooke, merchants, 
n. 52. 

SCOFIELD, Mrs., death of, 109. 

SCOTLAND, n. 40, see also names of 
specific places. 

SCOTTS Inn, 19. 

SCRINBRS Inn, 19. 

SEA Horse (schooner), 78, 92, 115. 

SEMECA oil, 17. 

SETTLES, Mr., 77, 87. 

SHALER, Sarah, see Sarah Shaler 
Fitch. 

SHANKLIN, Robert, death of, 95. 

SHARK, 108. 

SHARON, Conn., 1, 1, 3, 6, 8, 10, 16, 76, 
80. 102. 128, 129, n. 1, n. 129, n. 130. 

SHARP, John, 99. 

SHARP. Joshua, son mentioned, 102. 

SHARP. Mr., 102. 

SHAVER ...., 87. 

SHAVOO, Mr., 92. 

SHAW, Mr., 11. 

SHERMON, Capt., 77, 81. 

SHERMON. Daniel, 74, 113. 

SHERWOOD, Mr., 124. 

SHIELDS, Jane, death of, 110. 

SHIELDS, Mrs., death of daughter, 110. 

SHIELDS, Wm., 64, kills James Hunt, 
65 ; 72, 73, death of wife and child, 
95 

SHIPPENSBURG, Pa., 5. 

SHISTOWN, Pa., 6, 19. 

SHRUB, making of, 113. 

SILLWELL, Mr., 114. 

SIMSBURY, Conn., 117. 

SIRUS (slave), 35. 

SISCLE, Mr., 13. 

SMALL, Aln., 17. 

SMALLPOX, Innoculatlon, mentioned, 
14. 

SMITH ..... 64, 65. 

SMITH, Capt., 54, 55. 

SMITH. Rev. Cotton Mather, n. 4. 

SMITH, James, 52. 

SMITH, Jerusha Mather, n. 4. 

SMITH, Rev., 2 ; death of wife men- 
tioned, 10. 

SMITH, Deacon Samuel, n. 4. 

SMITH, Mrs. Temperance, death of, 10. 

SMITH, Mrs. Temperance Worthington 
Gale, n. 4. 

SMITH'S Wharf, 20. 

SMITH, Wm., jailed for killing Thomas 
Weeks, 53 ; found guilty of murder, 
94. 

SNEED, Mr., 119. 

SOMERSET (Summerset), Pa., goal, 6. 

SOUTH Amboy, N. J., 4, 7. 

SOUTH Carolina, n. 46. n. 106 ; see 
also names of specific places. 



157 



SOUTH Sapelo River, n. 107. 

SPALDING, James, n. 71. 

SPALDING, Margery Mclutosh, n. 71. 

SPALDING, Mrs., 80. 

SPALDING, Sarah Leake, n. 71. 

SPALDING, Thomas, 62, elected Sena- 
tor in Georgia Legislature, 72 ; 107, 
n. 40, n. 71, n. 107. 

SPANISH prize ship, displayed at Rose's 
Bluff, Fla., 105. 

SPILLERS (Spelers) ..... 37, 39, 99. 

STANTON, Capt., 34, 42, 54. 

STARR, Daniel, n. 1. 

STARR, Jerusha, see Jerusha Starr 
King. 

STARR, Rachel Buell, n. 1. 

STEEL, William, 8. 

STKLLS Hotel, 127. 

STEPHEN (slave), 23, 24, 26, 37, 38. 
40, 42, 43, 45, 47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 
53, 55, 58, 60, 62, 64, 65, 66, 67, 70, 
71, 73, 81, 84, bound to Roswell King, 
91. 

STILLWELL, Mr., 117, store mentioned, 
127. 

STONE, Martha, see Martha Stone 
Fowler. 

STONINGTON, Conn., 34, 54, n. 37. 

STRASBURG, Pa., 5, 7. 

STREET, G., 112, 118. 

STREETT, Geoe., 112. 

STREET, George, 75, 76, elected En- 
sign of militia, 95 ; Commissioner of 
Darlen, 122; n. 69, n. 80. 

STREET, M., 44. 

STREET, Mr., 40, 41, 42, 48, 49, 50, 51, 
52, 53, 110, 113. 

STREET, R., 58. 

STREET'S house, 115. 

STRIPLING, Mr., 104, 113. 

STRONG, Lucy, see Lucy Strong Cross- 
man. 

STUART, Mr., death of, 123. 

STURGEON'S Inn, 10. 

STURLING, Dr., n. 40. 

STURLING, Mrs., 40, 41, 47, 69, 70, 
84, 85, 88, 94, 107, death of, 122; 
son and daughter mentioned, 122 ; 
see also Margaret McDonald, n. 40. 

SUFFIBLD, Conn., n. 4. 

SUMMERLIN, Betsy, 55. 

SUNBURY, Ga., 53, 98, n. 73. 

SUSQUEHANA River, Pa., 5, 127. 

SUTTON, Mr., 57, 84, 103. 

SUTHERLANDS (Surtherlins) Bluff, 
Ga., 22, 125. 

SWILEY, John, 47. 

SWILEY, Mr., 33. 

SYLVA, Peter, death of, 58; burial, 59. 



TALDER (Taldo?), House, 117, 120. 
TALDO, Domingo, boat mentioned, 45 ; 

marriage, 55 ; 58, 59, 61, 62. 
TALDO, Peggy Tucker, 55. 
TANEYTOWN (Tawneytown) , Md., 19. 
TATE. Mrs. Susan B., ill. 
TATTNALL (Tatenall), Gov. Joslah, 50, 

n. 58. 
TAUNTON, Mass., n. 3. 
TAWNEYTOWN, Md., see Taneytown, 

Md. 
TAYLOR, Miss, 76. 
TAYLOR, Mr., drowned, 96. 
TELFAIR Co., Ga., n. 32. 
TH ., John, 61. 



THOMAS, Col. Abisha, n. 90, see also 

Col. Abraham Thomas. 
THOMAS, Col. Abraham, death of, 87, 

88 : burial, 88. 
THOMSON, John, 86. 
THOMSON, Joseph, 86. 
THOMSON, Mr., 84. 
THORNTON, E., estate of, 48. 
THORNTON, Elam, death of, 30; store 

mentioned, 31 ; estate of, 34, 83, n. 35. 
THORNTON, Mr., 26. 
THREADCRAFT, Sarah, see Sarah 

Threadc-raft Mcintosh. 
THREE Mile Cut, Ga., 51, 78, 93. 
THREE Sisters (sloop), 22. 
THURSTON (Thuston), Dr., 35. 
TIDE Island, Ga., 53, 54, 57, 60, 93, 

110, rice machine mentioned, 111 ; 

124. 
TIMMONS, Hannah, see Hannah Tlm- 

mons Page. 
TOBIAS, Calvin, en route to New 

Conn., 11 ; n. 18. 

TOM sailor, death of, 71. 

TOWNSEND, Mrs. A. O., ill. 
TRUMBLE, Gov. Jonathan, 2. 
TRUMBULL Co., Ohio, n. 17. 
TUCKER, Peggy, see Peggy Tucker 

Taldo. 
TURKEY Camp Plantation, Ga., 116. 
TURNER, Capt., 56. 
TURNER, S., juror, 52. 
TURPIN, Elizabeth, see Eliza- 
beth Turpin Pray. 
TWIGGS Co., Ga., n. 1. 
TWINING, Capt., 37, 77, 115, 118. 
TWINING, Capt. Nath., 78. 



UFFORD, Benjamin, 100. 
UFFORD, Mr., 97. 
UNGUINTUM, n. 11. 



VINCE ...., 104. 

VIRGINIA, n. 80 ; see also names of 

specific places. 
VIVION & Howard, 113, 114, 117, 118. 

121. 
VIVION, Benjamin S., n. 100. 
VIVION, Mr., 110, 111, 120. 
VIVION, Selina Mary Ann McCall, 

n. 100. 
VIVION, V. H., n. 69, n. 80. 
VIVION, Virgil, 109. 
VIVION, Virgil H., Commissioner, 122; 

n. 100. 



WAGGONTOWN, Pa., 4. 

WALDO, Bradford, 10, 16, n. 15. 

WALDO, Cyprian, n. 15. 

WALDO, Hannah, n. 15. 

WALDO, Mr. and wife, 8. 

WALKER, Aurella King, 11. 

WALKER, Rev. Elnathan, 11. 

WALKER, James, li. 

WALKER, Mr., 33, 85, 95, 98. 

WALL, Mr., 105. 

WALL, Richard, 105. 

WALLACE, John, 120. 

WANESBURGH, Pa., see Waynesboro, 

Pa. 
WAR of 1812, i, n. 51, n. 73, n. 98, 

n. 107. 
WARD, Mr., 34. 
WARING, Joseph I., M.D., 111. 



158 



WARREN, Ohio, n. 17. 

WASHINGTON, Bushrod, 126, n. 124. 

WASHINGTON City (D. C), 126. 

WASHINGTON, Gen., 2. 

WASHINGTON, President George, 126, 
n. 2, n. Ill, n. 124. 

WASHINGTON, John Augustine, n. 124. 

WASHINGTON, Martha, n. 124. 

WATTS, Mr., n. 107. 

WATTS, Thomas, 99. 

WAYE, Capt., 81. 

WAYNE CO., Ga., n. 53. 

WAYNESBORO (Wanesburgh), Pa., 19. 

WEBB, ...., 51. 

WEBB, George, 99. 

WEBB, Mr., 30, 36, 38, 45, 47, 64, 72, 
74, 78, 84, 86, 88, 94. 

WEBB, Nelly, married, 104. 

WEBB, William, n. 47. 

WEBBS Field, 74. 

WEEKS, ...., 48. 

WEEKS, Thomas, shot and killed, 52. 

WESTERN Reserve, n. 13 ; see also 
New Connecticut. 

WESTLY Horn, also Westley-horn, 35. 

WESTMORELAND Co., Pa., n. 22. 

WHITE, Mr., 71. 

WHITE. Mrs. Alene Lowe, Hi. 

WHITEHALL slip, N. Y., 4. 

WILKES Barre (Wilkesbarre), Pa., 19. 

WILLIAMS, Betsey, see Betsey Wil- 
liams Russell, n. 7. 

WILLIAMS, James, 5, 6. 

WILLIAMS, Mr., 59. 

WILLIAMS, Richard F., 21, n. 25. 

WILLIAMS, Sarah, see Sarah Williams 
Barrington, n. 52. 



WILLIAMS, Thomas, 21, 22. 

WILLIAMS, Thomas F., n. 25. 

WILLIAMS, Tryphena King (daughter 
of George), 129, n. 129. 

WILLIAMS, William G., n. 129. 

WILMINGTON, Del., 127. 

WILSON, Capt., 105. 

WILSON, Margaret, death of, 74. 

WILKINS, Hampden, n. 93. 

WILKINS, Paul H., 97. 

WILKINS, Paul Hamilton, Jr., n. 93. 

WILKINS, Paul Hamilton, Sr., n. 93. 

WILKINS, Saml., 25. 

WINCHESTER, Md., 19. 

WINDSOR, Conn., i, 129, n. 1, n. 126. 

WOLF Island, Ga., 63, 108. 

WOOD, Elizabeth Jane Brallsford, n. 60. 

WOOD, Jacob, 51, 62, 84, 100, n. 60. 

WOOD, Maj., 113, 116. 

WOOD, Mr., 95. 

WOODBURY, Conn., 2. 

WOODRUFF, George, n. 70. 

WOODRUFF (Woodroof), Mr., 59, 130. 

WOODWORTH, Capt., 115. 

WORTHINGTON, Rev. William, n. 4. 

WOSTER (slave), 60. 

WRIGHT, Charlotte, see Char- 
lotte Wright Harrell. 

WRIGHT, Edward, n. 105. 

WYCHE, Mr., 118. 

YALE College, n. 1, n. 4, n. 12. n. 128. 

YARBOROUGH, Mr., 42. 

YORK (schooner), 71. 

YOUNG, Daniel, 85. 

YOUNG, Moses, 85. 

YOUNG, Moses, Sr., n. 87. 



ZANE, Wm., 4. 



159