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Collections, Volume XX 


Edited by 

Albert Sidney Britt, Jr. 


Anthony Roane Dees 

Savannah: The Society, 1980 



Government 4 

Military 31 

Legal 68 

Industry, Trade and Commerce 107 

Indian Affairs 136 

Miscellaneous j.jg 

Biogi-aphy 174 

Index 179 

Reprinted troni Georgia Historical 

Society Collections, V^olurae XX 

(c) Georgia Historical Society 




This Volume of The Collections is composed of transcripts of 
18th century manuscripts, through 1790, in the Georgia Historical 
Society's Library which have not hitherto been published. Other 18th 
century collections are planned for publication in later volumes. The 
editors have transcribed these documents truly and faithfully. As far 
as possible and reasonable, the original punctuation and spelling has 
been preserved. Material supplied by editors is given in brackets. 
Explanatory notes are in smaller type set. Though one purpose of 
this book is to obviate the necessity of referring to the original docu- 
ments, nevertheless, each item bears the manuscript call number in 
the catalogue. 

The collections are arranged by subject (i.e. Government, Military, 
etc.), then within subjects they are arranged chronologically. However, 
where continuity of several documents is important, they are kept 
together. The whole work is indexed and there is a short biographical 
section which identifies some of the many people whose names appear 
in these pages. 

Several items reproduced in this work were copied from photo- 
copies. In each case the editors have noted this fact and where known 
the location of the original is given. In a few instances, the original 
was at one time in the Society's Library but has since disappeared. 

This volume is published jointly by the Georgia Historical Society 
and the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Georgia. The editing 
was done by Albert Sidney Britt, Jr., Historian of the latter Society 
and a former President of the Georgia Historical Society, and Anthony 
Roane Dees, Director of the Georgia Historical Society. 

Albert Sidney Britt, Jr. 

Anthony Roane Dees 
November 7, 1980 





In America there are fertile lands sufficient to subsist all the useless 
Ix)or in England, and distressed Protestants in Europe, yet thousands 
starve for want of mere sustenance. The distance makes it difficult 
to get thither: the same want that renders men useless here, prevents 
their paying their passage; and if others pay it for them, they become 
servants, or rather slaves for years to those who have defrayed that 
charge; therefore money for passage is necessary, but is not the only 
want; for if the people were set down in America, and the land before 
them, they must cut down trees, build houses, fortify towns; dig and 
sow the land, before they can get in a harvest; and till then they 
must be provided with food, and kept together, that they may be 
assistant to each other for their mutual support and protection. 

The Romans esteemed the sending forth of Colonies amongst 
their noblest works; they observed that Rome, as she increased in 
power and Empire, drew together such a conflux of people from all 
parts, that she found herself over burthened with their number, and 
the Government brought under an incapacity to provide for them, 
or keep them in order. Necessity, the mother of invention, suggested 
to them an expedient, which at once gave ease to the Capital and 
increased the wealth and number of industrious Citizens, by lessening 
the useless & unruly multitude; and by planting them in Colonies on 
the frontiers of their Empire gave a new strength to the whole; and 
this they looked upon to be so considerable a service to the Common 
Wealth that they created peculiar officers for the establishment of 
such Colonies, and the expense was defrayed out of the public 

* His Majesty having taken into his Consideration the miserable 
circumstances of many of his own poor subjects, ready to perish for 
want, as likewise the distress of many foreigners who would take 
refuge here from persecution and having a princely regard to the 
great dangers the Southern frontiers of South Carolina are exposed to 
by reason of the small number of white Inhabitants there, hath, out 
of his fatherly compassion towards his subjects been graciously pleased 
to grant a charter for incorporating a number of gentlemen by the 

From the Charter. 


name of The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of Georgia in 
America. They are empowered to collect benefactions and lay them 
out in clothing, arming, sending over and supporting Colonies of tlie 
poor, whether subjects or foreigners in Georgia. And his Majesty 
further giants all his lands between the Rivers Savannah and Alta- 
maha, which he erects into a Province by the name Georgia, unto the 
Trustees in trust for the poor and for the better support of the 
Colony. At the desire of the gentlemen, there are clauses in the 
charter restraining them and their successors from receiving any 
salary, fee, perquisite or profit whatsoever by or from this undertaking; 
and also from receiving any giant of lands within the said district 
to themselves, or in trust for them. There are further clauses granting 
to the Trustees proper powers for establishing & governing the Colony 
and liberty of conscience to all who shall settle there. 

The Trustees intend to relieve such unfortunate persons as cannot 
subsist here, and establish them in an orderly manner so as to form 
a well regulated town. As far as their fund goes they will defray the 
charge of their passage to Georgia; give them necessaries, cattle, land, 
& subsistence till such time as they can build their houses, and clear 
some of their lands. They rely for success, first upon the goodness of 
Providence, next upon the compassionate disposition of the people of 
England; and they doubt not that much will be spared from luxury 
and superfluous expenses by generous tempers, when such an op- 
portunity is offered them by the giving of twenty pounds to provide 
for a man or woman, or ten pounds for a child forever. 

In order to prevent the benefactions given to this purpose from 
being misapplied, and to keep up as far as human precaution can the 
spirit of disinterestedness, the Trustees have established the following 
method. That each Benefactor may know that what he has contributed 
is safely lodged and justly accounted for, all money given will be de- 
posited in the Bank of England & entries made of every benefaction 
in a book to be kept for that purpose by the Trustees, with the Bene- 
factors names, or, if concealed, the name of those by whose hands 
they sent the money. There are to be annual accounts of all the 
money received & how the same has been disposed of laid before the 
Lord High Chancellor, the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 
the Master of the Rolls, the Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, 
& the Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, or two of them, and printed 
copies of the said accounts will be transmitted to every considerable 

By such a Colony many families who would otherwise starve will 
be provided for & made masters of houses and lands; the people in 


Great Britain, to whom these necessitous families were a burden, will 
be relieved; numbers of manufacturers will be here employed for 
supplying them with clothes, working tools, and other necessaries; 
and by giving refuge to the distressed Saltzburghers K: other perse- 
cuted Protestants, the power of Britain as a reward for its hospitality 
will be encreased by the addition of so many religious & industrious 

The Colony of Georgia, lying about the same latitude with part of 
China, Persia, Palestine and the Maderas, it is highly probable that 
when hereafter it shall be well peopled and rightly cultivated, England 
may be supplied from thence with raw silk, wine, oil, dies, drugs and 
many other materials for manufacturies wdiich she is obliged to pur- 
chase from Southern Countries. As towns are established and grow 
populous along the rivers Savannah and Altamaha, they will make 
such a barrier as will render the Southern Frontier of the British 
Colonies on the Continent of America safe from Indians and other 

All human affairs are subject to chance, that there is no answering 
for events; yet from reason and the nature of things it may be con- 
cluded that the riches and also the number of inhabitants in Great 
Britain will be increased by importing at cheap rate from this new 
Colony the materials requisite for carrying on in Britain several manu- 
factures. For our manufacturers will be encouraged to marry and 
multiply when they find themselves in circumstances to provide for 
their families, which must necessarily be the happy effect of the in- 
crease & cheapness of the materials of those manufactures, which at 
present we purchase with our money from foreign countries at dear 
rates; and also many people will find employment here on account 
of such farther demands by the people of this Colony for those manu- 
factures, which are made from the produce of our own Country, and, as 
has been justly observed, the people will always abound where there 
is full employment for them. 

Christianity will be extended by the execution of this design; since 
the good discipline established by the society will reform the manners 
of those miserable objects who shall be by them subsisted; and the 
example of a whole Colony, who shall behave in a just, moral and 
religious manner, will contribute greatly towards tlie conversion of 
the Indians, and taking off the prejudices received from the profligate 
lives of such, who have scarce any thing of Christian but the name. 

The Trustees in their general meetings will consider of the most 
prudent methods for effectually establishing a regular Colony; and 
that it may be done is demonstrable. Under what difficulties was Vir- 


ginia planted? The coast & climate then unknown, the Indians 
numerous and at enmity with the first planters who were forced to 
fetch all provisions from England; yet it is grown a mighty Province, 
and the Revenue received 100,000 pounds for duties upon the goods 
that they send yearly home. Within these fifty years Pennsylvania was 
as much a forest as Georgia is now, and in those few years, by the 
wise economy of William Penn and those who assisted him, it now 
gives food to 80,000 Inhabitants, and can boast of as fine a City as most 
in Europe. 

This new Colony is more likely to succeed than either of the 
former were, since Carolina abounds with provisions, the Climate is 
known, and there are men to instruct in the seasons and the nature 
of cultivating that soil. The Indian families live in perfect amity with 
the English; Port Royal, the station of his Majesty's ships, is within 
thirty & Charles Town a great mart, is within one hundred and twenty 
miles. If the Colony is attacked, it may be relieved by sea from Port 
Royal, or the Bahamas, and the Militia of South Carolina is ready to 
support it by land. 

For the continuing the relief, which is now given, there will be 
lands reserved in the Colony, and the benefits arising from them is to 
go to the carrying on of the Trust. So that at the same time the 
money by being laid out preserves the lives of the poor, and makes 
a comfortable provision for those whose expenses are paid by it 
defray'd; their labor in improving their own lands will make the 
adjoining reserv'd lands valuable, and the rents of those reserv'd 
lands will be a perpetual fund for the relieveing more poor people. So 
that instead of laying out the money upon Lands, with the income 
thereof to support the poor, this is laying out the money upon the 
poor, and by the relieving those who are now unfortunate, raises a 
fund for the perpetual relief of those who shall be so hereafter. 

There is an occasion now offered for every one to help forward 
this design, the smallest benefaction will be received and applied 
with the utmost care; every little will do something and a great 
number of small benefactions will amount to a sum capable of doing 
a great deal of good. 

The above manuscript of 9 pages and cover appears to have been %\Titten 
before the settlement of Georgia and after the approval of the Royal Charter 
establishing the Trust for settling Georgia, June 5, 1732. Much of it is a precis 
of the charter and appears as if it was written with a view to soliciting contribu- 
tions to the trust. Possibly it was a talk. The handwriting is clear, paper still 
in good condition. The nine pages and cover are bound by string along the left 
margin. See note of the following document for a possible source of this document. 




Monies received by a Collection made by Mr. Samuel Eveleigh 
and Mr. Gabriel Manigault from the Inhabitants of Charlestown in 
South Carolina for the benefit of the Inhabitants of the Colony of 

1734, April 11 £ 1,164 : 6 : 3 

- - 26 75 

May 6 12 

The General Assembly of South Carolina, having passed an Act 
the ninth day of June, 1733, for the speedier & more effectual relief 
of his Majesty's subjects of Georgia, and for continuing the duty of 
Three Pence a Gallon on Rum imported from the first of December 
1733, for raising and paying Eight Thousand Pounds current money, 
for the use of His Majesty's Subjects of His Colony of Georgia, and 
the said duty as received, being to be paid over Quarterly from the 
first of December 1733, to and for the only use, benefit & support of 
his Majesty's said subjects of Georgia, and to and for no other use, 
end, interest or purpose whatsoever. And Messrs Jenys and Baker of 
Charleston in South Carolina, being authorized to receive the same 
and transmit to the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia in 
America their Accompts thereof duly certified, the said Trustees have 
charged themselves from such Accompts. 

1. s. d. q. 
1734, Sept. 6. The Amount of the first Quarter 
of the Receipts for the said duty on 57,499 and 
half Gallons of Rum imported from the first of 
Deer. 1733 to the first of March following; as by 
the Treasurer's Accompt — — — — — — — — 718 14 10 2 

The amount of the second Quarter's Receipts 
on 16,295 & half gallons of Rum imported from 
the first of March 1733 [1734 ?] first of June 1734, 
as by the Treasurer's Accompt 203 13 10 2 

Jany. 10. The amount of the third Quarter's 
Receipts on 45,259 Gallons of Rum imported from 
the first of June 1734 to the first of September 
following, as by the Treasurer's Accompt 565 14 9 


The amount of the fourth Quarter's Receipts 
on 41,150 Gallons of Rum imported from the first 
of September 1734, to the first of December follow- 
ing, as by the Treasurer's Accompt. 514 7 6 

Total of all the Monies received of South Carolina Currency, 
according to the Accompts thereof which came to England within 
the time of this Accompt £. 3,254 : 7:3 

Which total currency of South Carolina is in 
Sterling Money the sum of £ 464 : 18 : 2 

Effects received in America for use of the Colony of Georgia at the 
times and from the several persons hereafter mentioned. 
1732 January. Pettiauguas were provided at the charge of the Public, 
pursuant to a resolution of the General Assembly of South Carolina, 
to carry the new settlers to Georgia with their effects %i:. the Artillery 
and ammunition on board the Ship Anne then at Port Royal. Febru- 
ary. Col. Bull came to Savannah with four laborers, and assisted 
the Colony for a month, he himself measuring the Scantlings & 
setting out the work for the Sawyers, & giving the proportion of 
the houses; & also gave the work of his foiu- servants for the said 

Capt. Macpherson with 15 of the Rangers, pursuant to a resolu- 
tion of the General Assembly of South Carolina, covered & protected 
the new Settlers until they enforted themselves, and as they had 

The Scout Boat at Port Royal attended the new Settlers as 
occasion required, pursuant to a resolution of the General Assembly 
of South Carolina. 

Twenty barrels of Rice were sent to the Colony by order of the 
said Assembly. 

Mr. Bellenger at Purysburg by order of the said Assembly de- 
livered to the Colony fifty eight cows with their calves, and four 
Bulls, making together one hundred & twenty head of cattle. 

Mr. Whitaker and his friends sent the Colony one hundred head 
of Cattle. 

Mr. St. Julian came to Savannah and staid a month, directing the 
people in building their houses and other works. 

Mr. Barlow and Mr. Woodward came to Savannah to assist the 
new Settlers. 

Mr. Hume gave a Silver Boat & Spoon for the first child born in 
Georgia, which being born of Mrs. Close, were given accordingly. 


March. Mr. Joseph Bryan himself with four of his sawyers gave 
two months work in the Colony. 

The inhabitants of Edistow sent sixteen sheep to the Colony. 

Mr. Barnwell sent four sheep to the Colony. 

Mr. Hammerton gave a Drum. 

Coll. Bull came to Savannah with several of his relations and 
sixteen servants belonging to himself and his family (while Mr. 
Oglethorpe was at Charlestown) and gave a month's work. 

1733, April. Capt. Odingsell and Mr. Grimball sent four Sawyers for 
fourteen days and gave their work in the Colony. 

Mr. Thomas Drayton sent a pair of Sawyers and Mrs. Anne 
Drayton sent two pair of Sawyers to work in the Colony one month, 
their labor valued at 60 1. South Carolina Currency, were part of the 
subscription in Saint Andrew's Parish. 

May. Mr. Whitaker and his friends gave fifty head of Cattle to the 

Capt. Odingsell, Mr. Grimball, Mr. Hamilton and other in- 
habitants of Edistow, gave fifty head of Cattle to the Colony. 
July. Coll. Bull, and Mr. Bryan came to Savannah to assist with 
twenty servants whose labor they gave to the Colony. 

1734, April. Capt. Odingsell and the other Inhabitants of Edistow 
gave fifty more head of Cattle 

His Excellency Robert Johnson, Esqr. gave the Colony seven 
horses, value 25 1. South Carolina Currency each. 

The Rangers were increased first to twenty, & afterwards to thirty, 
and the Scout Boat ordered to continue another year. Of which in- 
crease of Rangers, ten men part thereof is taken at £ 1,680 Current 
money part of £ 4,000 to be levied & raised upon the several in- 
habitants of the Province of South Carolina by an Act of the General 
Assembly of the said Province, entitled. An Act to provide for the 
better security of that Province against the incursions of the Indian 
Nations, wherein it is enacted, that 1. 8,500 current Money be raised 
and levied by the Inhabitants of the said Province for the erecting a 
Garrison in the Upper Creek Nation, & for the maintaining twenty 
four men in the said Garrison for the first year after the same is 
erected, and thirty men for the second year then next ensuing. To be 
paid to the use of the Trustees for establishing the settlement of the 
Colony of Georgia, viz. 1. 4,000 to be levied and raised upon the 
several inhabitants as the usual taxes for the support of the Govern- 
ment shall be appointed for the year 1734. And the further sum of 1. 
4,500 to be levied and raised for the year 1735 and to be part of the 
several estimates for the said years. Provided the said Garrison shall 


be then erected and guarded by the said numbers of men severally & 
respectively as aforesaid; & that the reinforcement of ten men to the 
Company of Rangers be made & maintained for one year after the 
ratification of the said Act, and be taken in lieu of 1. 1,680 current 
money part of the 1. 4,000 to be levied & raised for the 1734 being 
1. 14 a month for each of the said additional ten men for thirteen 
Lunary months. 

This abstract appears to have been prepared in England but for what use 
and how it came to America is not known. A number of the enumerated contribu- 
tions in kind are also contained in Historical Collections of Georgia, George "White, 
New York, 1854, the companion of White's Statistics of the State of Georgia. The 
date of the abstract is unknown, nor is there a signature. The writing is clear and 
even, the manuscript consists of Si/g sheets with a printed left-hand margin, the 
whole bound with a string on the left margin. The question arises: is this a part 
of the twenty-two volumes of manuscripts which the Reverend Howard obtained 
from the State Paper Office, London, in *1839? That collection of manuscripts has 
been thought to ha\e been lost in its entirety in the fire in Professor Scomp's home 
in 1891. 

942 (1) 



Welcome! thrice welcome to our Land, 
Georgia break forth in rapt'rous strain; 
Great George our Sovereign is our Friend, 
Be thankful and forget thy Pain. 

How has this infant Province shook, 
Under a lawless tyrant's sway; 
But lo! the iron rod is broke, 
Ellis is come to cheer our Day. 

Ne'er was the Sun more welcome known. 
To bless a weary Land's Increase; 
Too long in Triumph Vice has shone, 
and Discord harrow'd up our Peace. 

•See The Search For Georgia's Colonial Records, published by the Georgia 
Historical Society, 1976. 



Laughter no more shall Drop a Tear, 

Ellis the Patriot bids rejoice; 

A long adieu to ev'ry Fear, 

Let Jo. Paans [?] tune your Voice. 

Thanks to our Sovereign great and good, 
His royal Hand is swift to save; 
Destruction seem'd a coming Flood, 
Ellis our guardian stems the Wave. 

942 (1) Cont. 



T's done at Length, the tumults past. 
The storm that threat'ned is blown o'er; 

R Id's Power has breath'd it's last, 

Littl's vile Threats® are heard no more. 


The Planter now, his Hopes elate, 
Pursues the rural Healthy plan; 
Foretels our Georgia's prosperous State, 
The great Idea charms the man. 

Our Judgement Seat no more shall sigh, 
Polluted with a murd'rer there; 
Under our present Guardian's Eye, 
Virtue her due Reward shall share. 

^Philanthropos with a patriot Zeal, 
Pleasing receives the high Command; 

«threatening the inhabitants with martial law. 
^Greek word for Philanthropists. 


Faction and Discord vanquish'd fall, 
Party, that Hydra, quits her stand. 


Thus have I known a stormy night. 
Strike each beholder with dismay; 
Joyful Relief from dire affright. 
Behold a calm unclouded Day. 


The abo\e are photocopies of poems, the present locations of originals are 
not known. However, Governor Ellis arrived in the Colony 16 February 1757 and 
it is believed that these poems were probably written about that time. White's 



the 4th day of December 1758 


The King's most Excellent Majesty 

in Council 


Whereas there was this day read at the Board, a Representation 
from the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, dated 
the 29th of last month, setting forth, that Henry Ellis, Esqr. His 
Majesty's Governor of the Province of Georgia, hath represented to 
them, that his Health has been much impaired by the extraordinary 
Heat of the last Summer, and requested, that he may have His 
Majesty's Permission, in case he shall find it necessary, to repair to 
some of His Majesty's Northern Provinces during the hot months of 
the ensuing Summer; The Said Lord Commissioners therefore propose 
that His Majesty would be graciously pleased to giant the said 
Governor the same permission as is constantly given to the Governors 
of His Majesty's Islands in the West Indies, of quitting their Govern- 
ment, and repairing to any Northern Colony on the Continent of 
America, whenever it is necessary for the recovery or Preservation of 
their health. His Majesty having taken the same into Consideration, 
and approving of what is above proposed, is hereby pleased, with the 
Advice of his Privy Council, to permit and allow the said Henry 
Ellis, Esqr., Governor of the Province of Georgia in all times of 


sickness, to repair to the Province of New York, or any of His 
Majesty's Northern Phmtations, and there stay for such space of 
time as Recovery of his Health may absolutely require. 

/s/ W. Sharpe 



The narrative of Henry Preston of Savan'h Joint Prothonotary & 
Clerk of the Crown for the Province aforesaid. Declares, That in 
the Morning of the 23d of Jan'y 1776, about Seven of the Clock Adam 
Trich of Savannah came to my House & knock'd at the Door, that 
I being in bed immediately got up — when the Following Message 
was delivered by the said Trich. "The Gentlemen of the Council of 
Safety (I believe he meant Congiess) gave their Compliments to me, & 
beg'd the favor of the all the keys of the Court House, as the Assembly 
Room, was to small, the Congiess, was going to sit in the Court 
room" — or words to purport. 

That I answered the said Trich, I had not the Keys of the Court 
House, but the Keys of my own office, which I was determined, no 
man should have, for them I would keep. 

That the said Trich then further ask'd me if I knew where they 
were, or who had them, to this I answ'd I had them not — he further 
ask'd if I had not a private or back door key to go in when I pleased 
to this I answered, I had a back door key ^ some time ago could go 
in when I pleased — but If I had the Keys of the Courthouse, I had 
orders not to deliver them." he then asked me if he should deliver 
the above answers to the Congiess. I told him, Yes, he entreated me 
a good deal to deliver the Keys — & hoped I would Excuse him — & 
went away — towards the Assembly room. That between the hours 
of tenSc Eleven of the Clock of the forenoon of the same day, then 
came to my house, Messrs Geo. Walton, William Ewen & John Wereat 
all with swords who desired to speak to me. & we all retired to the 
back piazza of the house. 

That Mr. Walton said to me We are informed that you have 
got the Keys of the Prothonotarys Office — I answered Yes I had — he 
then said they were come for them (& think said by order of the 
Congress — thin I am not certain of) & must have them — I answer'd 
that I was sorry it was not in my power to deliver them for I told 
them, no man Whatever, should keep the keys of that office but my- 
self — this I had also told the Chief Justice. That Mr. Walton said 


they were come Via et Amis, & By God they must [have] them, it was 
in vain, to attempt to keep them — I told him that I would keep them 
be the consequences what they would, he also asked me if I had 
them about me, I answered No I had not — Mr. Ewen said if they 
were in my Waistcoat pocket they could in a minute take that from 
he, & would return me Waistcoat again, he also entreated me to 
deliver the Key, as it would be best for me, alledging that it would 
save the Country the Expense of Nuo Doers & C [?] for they were 
determined to be in to the Court House at all Events. That Mr. 
Walton then spoke seemingly in a passion. That it was needless to 
evade any longer. They were come for them & have them they would. 
That I told him I could not deliver them. It was contrary to my duty 
& my Oath. That I could not even suffer any person to go into that 
office, without my Consent that he will. Therein the Oath of Office 
I had taken as — also the Oath of Allegiance — &: I thought it wrong 
to ask one to break that Oath, which if I did give them the Keys, would 
certainly be a breach of my Oath — he said it would not be a breach 
of my oath if they were to take them by force, which they intended 
to do — & also desired a final answer whether I would or would not 
give the Keys or shew them to them — if I did not, I might depend 
on it the Commanding Officer, would (or should) have orders to 
take me into Custody, with a file of Musketeers — & was going away. 
That Mr. Wereat Then [? indistinct] spoke nothing more, than en- 
treating & recommend to me let them take the Keys, as it would be 
better for me — that as they were going thro the House, Mr. Walton 
again said in the hearing of Mr. Preston — that a file of Musketeers 
would take me into Confinement, & all went out of the house — to 
this I answer'd that I must abide by the Consequences, be what they 

That in the Course of the foregoing Conversation — I told the 
aforesaid Gentlemen — that if they did break open the Office & take 
the record, without which they could not get them, that I would 
attend as a private person k direct them how & in what manner, to 
take them down, so as not to be greatly injured, or much mislaid — 
or words to that effect — 

That about an hour afterwards, Adam Trich came and told me 
that the Gentleman desired to speak to me at the Court House, I 
sent word I would wait upon them in five minutes. Upon my Entering 
the portice of the Courthouse I saw the front door open & was stopt 
by a Continental — I told him to call to some person in the Court- 
house to acquaint the Gentlemen that sent for me that I attended 
(not knowing who it was, but rather apprehended it was the Congress, 


as Trich had told me they were to sit there.) & Trich I think told the 
Continental to let me go in. 

That upon my entering the Courthouse I percieved our 
office broke open, but by whom I know not. The padlock hanging 
to the staple, & the Staple drawn, & the Lock of the door brok'd. k I 
believe, not one paper wreck'd or removed untill I went — That Mr. 
Walton told me they had sent for me as I [a ?] private Gentleman to 
direct how to take the papers down from the Cases where they were — 
in proper order which I accordingly did — also thinking it part of my 
duty to see them as much taken care of as I possibly could. 

That as one large trunk was already packed full I told them that 
these papers in the trunk were the proper paper to begin with — 
which they did. fe continued to pack in a large Case, untill all the 
papers. Books & other records to the Office of the Prothonotary & 
Clerk of the Crown were removed & packed up in two large Cases, 
near [indistinct] square — & one smaller trunk. 

That they behaved very politely & gave me every paper & other 
matter I asked for that either belonged to myself or P. P. 

That the people that I saw active & who I believe were the 
Committee appointed by the Congress for the aforesaid business — 
were George Walton, John Wereat, William Ewen and Ambrose 
Wright of Savannah, together with Adam Tich — who acted as 

That in the Evening of the same day Mr. Era's Harris came to my 
House, & asked me if I was going out of town. I told him Yes. He then 
said he was sorry to prevent me that he [received] orders to ask for my 
parole of having not to go without the limits of the twon, until 
leave from the Commanding Officer. I promised that I would not 
without leave, or words to that or the like Effect. 

That foregoing Narrative is as nearly as I can recollect, or at least 
the substance, of the whole Conversation — tho perhaps not ver- 
batim — Dated at Savannah the 25th Jany 1776. 

The following note or postscript appears in the margin of the first page: 

That in the Even'g of the 23d I was informed by a Gentleman that 
the Keys of the Office would be demanded of me in the morning. I 
told they would not be delivered — he then said that there be a 
provincial Key got — & ask'd me if I would attend at the office, to see 
the records taken down & properly placed — I ans'd I would as a private 
Gentleman, but not as an Officer the P. that was all they wanted, they 
did not suppose I would attend as an Officer, 


648 (Folder 358) (2) 

Richard Howly Esqr 

Sir, August 5th 1781 

Agieeable to your request, I have waited untill this time to know 
the Result of Mr Waltons determination, Respecting my account 
against him, as I am to leave town Tuesday next, therefore will be 
glad to have a final answer. 

I must Request that you will assist me with as much Money as 
will bare my Expenses — too and from Baltimore 
I am, Sir, Your Most Ob't Serv't 
Geo Melven 

On the back of this letter appears the following list, in a different hand and 
which appears to have been written later. Part of the last name on the list is 
written on the seal of the letter. The purpose or meaning of the list is unknown; 
however, most of these men were senior officers in the Revolutionary War. 

1. W. McKean 

2. Gov'rReed 

3. Thomas Savage 

4. Geo. Walton 

5. Col. Brisbane 

6. Mr. Carroll 

7. Col. Grayson 

8. Col. Pinckney 

9. Col. Bland 


We return your Excelly our hearty thanks for the very satisfactory 
Answer you have been pleased to give to our address of the [blank] 
from which it clearly appears that your Excelly. hath done every 
thing in your power towards procuring for us that assistance our 
alarming situation required & which we conceive upon every principle 
of Justice & sound Policy ought to have been afforded us; but since 
unhappily for these loyal Inhabitants of Georgia, your repeated & 
earnest applications to the Commanders of his Majestys Forces in 
America have been so far neglected that no adequate assistance hath 
been given us & that in consequence of it there is the gieater danger 
of the Province being totally lost, We therefore at this alarming 
Crisis think it an indispensable duty we owe to ourselves & Con- 
stituants to state to your Excelly & thro' you to our most Gracious 
Sovereign, from what causes we conceive those evils have originated 


which hath reduced this Province to its present humiliating & miser- 
able situation, and to show that it hath not been owing to any want 
of attention or exertions on the part of the Civil Government or of 
the loyal Inhabitants; & in order to do this the more clearly We beg 
leave to trace this interesting subject from the Reduction of the 
Province in Jany 1779 to this time 

That the Inhabitants of Georgia were in general well affected to 
his Majesty's Government appears pretty clearly from the considerable 
numbers who voluntarily came in & made their submission upon Lt. 
Col. Campbells taking possession of Savannah & from the ease & 
celerity wt. which he reduced the whole Province, it being so far 
compleated in the space of two months from his first Landing, that on 
the 4th of March 1779 He thought proper to Re-establish Civil 
Government, an Event that gave the most general & sincere satisfac- 
tion to the whole Province & which, had it been supported Sc pro- 
tected in any degree equal to the assurances repeatedly given & which 
sound Policy dictated would assurdly been attended with the most 
salutary effects not only to this Province but would have greatly 
contributed to the success of the British cause thro' the whole of the 
Revolted Colonies, as it showed in the chosen point of view that 
notwithstanding high & wanton provocation Great Britain had reed, 
from America Our Gracious Sovereign & the British Parliament 
wish'd & intended to make no other use of Victory than to restore to 
the Deluded Americans the inestimable Blessings of that Govern- 
ment they had by their unprovoked rebellion so justly forfeited. 

We are sorry that truth obliges us to turn our view from those 
pleasing prospects which at that period open'd upon us, to advert to 
facts Sc measures of a very different complexion & wch. began very 
early to damp our hopes & have been operating in various degrees 
ever since. 

The first Sc we think the most fertile source from wch. most of 
our misfortunes have originated; we conceive to have been that 
illiberal spirit of Jealousy, which very early manifested itself in the 
Military with respect to the Civil Government, wch. prompted them 
too often to impede its operations & to endeavour to render con- 
temptable an Authority which it was their duty to support. The 
pernicous tendency of this conduct was early forseeing & carefully 
guarded against by those at the head of the Civil Department, by 
anxiously shunning whatever might create disputes & by overlooking 
many things very justly exceptionable. 

In May 1779 the gieat object of securing the full & peaceable 
possession of this Province was so far foregot that in the prosecution 


of that ill concerted & unfortunate expedition against Charlestown, 
the Province was stript of all its Troops except a weak Garrison left 
for the Defence of Savannah tho' Genl. Lincoln was then at the head 
of the Rebel Army on the North bank of Savannah River near 
Augusta & actually crossd over to this Province while Genl. Prevost 
was on his March thro' South Carolina; happily for us & perhaps 
for the whole southern Army he recross'd the River & march'd to the 
Relief of Charlestown. Had he march'd directly to Savannah It must 
in its then defenceless state have fallen & with it perhaps our Army 
before Charlestown as they were in no condition to succeed in their 
attempt against them totally unprovided as they were of every thing 
necessary for carrying on a Seige, under what difficulties & at what 
great risk they at last effected their retreat is well known. This was 
the first & a very early instance in this part of America of that 
ruinous desultory way of carrying on the War wch had before in the 
Northern Provinces & has since in this part of America been attended 
with the most fatal consequences. 

In September 1779 The Invasion of this Province & Seige of 
Savannah by the French Fleet & Army in conjunction with the Rebels 
took place, the Event of which proved so highly honourable to His 
Majestys Troops & to the loyal Georgians. This Providential De- 
liverance & the Reduction of Charlestown k soon after of almost 
the whole of the Province of South Carolina open'd the most flattering 
prospects to all the friends of Government in America Sc afforded 
the finest opportunity of totally extinguishing the Rebellion in both 
Provinces, as nothing seemed further wanting for that purpose than 
employing the Southern Army in protecting the Inhabitants & pre- 
serving order & good Government; but unhappily this opportunity 
was lost in this Province by withdrawing all the Troops except the 
garrison in the Town of Savannah & a small Post at Augusta, by wch. 
the Province was left exposed to partys of Rebels who made incursions 
from the back parts of South Carolina plundering & murdering with 
impunity the defenceless Inhabitants. The March of the Southern 
Army into North Carolina & Virginia & soon the consequent revolt 
of South Carolina, was follow'd by the loss of the important Post of 
Augusta which left the whole Province open to the Rebels. The fatal 
event of the unhappy expedition into Virginia is too well known & 
too painful a subject for us to dwell on, it will be sufficient to say 
that in consequence of it every Port we held in South Carolina & 
Georgia the Capitals excepted were either taken or evacuated & the 
few Troops left in both Provinces being disgracefully shut up in 
Charleston & Savarmah, the Rebells were left in great & full possession. 


the friends of Government either Murder'd or obhged to fly for pro- 
tection within our narrow Lines & many well affected, compell'd to 
join the Rebels as the only means left them to save their own lives & 
their helpless families from total Ruin. 

By those who wish to paliate the Series of blunders (to call them 
by no worse name) by which the Cause of Britain hath been dis- 
graced & ruin'd in America, other causes than those we have aluded 
to will be assigned for the loss of South Carolina & Georgia. The ob- 
stinate & determined Spirit of Rebellion which neither harsh nor 
lenient measure could conquer will be largely insisted on & painted 
in the strongest colours; how far this hath operated in So. Carolina 
it is not our Business particularly to inquire into, tho' from the 
knowledge of what hath happen'd there, we cannot allow it in that 
degree that by one set of men it is contended for, on the contrary 
we are convinced that many in that Province who are now with the 
Rebels would have been ^vell satisfied & thought themselves happy to 
liave remain'd under His Majesty's Government, had that attention 
been paid towards conciliating their affections wch. good policy 
dictated, & to protect them which they had a right to expect. But 
whatever may be alledged with respect to them, general disaffection 
cannot with even a shaddow of Justice be imputed to the People of 
Georgia who have given the strongest & most unequivocal Proofs in 
the power of Men to give of their firm attachment to the British 
Government, witness the great number who have submitted to every 
species distress the most shocking to human nature rather than depart 
from their Loyalty. For that reason only upwards of 200 Men in the 
Province have within these last 12 Months been cruelly murdered in 
cold blood by their inhuman Enemies attended with circumstances of 
wanton barbarity that would disgrace a savage. Many more have been 
obliged to take refuge in Swamps where numbers continue hid to this 
hour, & since the fall of Augusta not less than [blank] of Men, Women 
& Children from the interior parts of the Country, have been obliged 
to fly from their comfortable Habitations, to Savannah naked, & 
destitute even of the necessaries of Life. The distress & misery they 
have been exposed to since they came here notwithstanding the 
assistance Government has given them at a very heavy expence, hath 
been so complicated &: great as to shock every person who is not totally 
callous to all the feelings of humanity. Of the above number upwards 
of [blank] have been enrolled & done duty in the Horse & foot 
Militia; many from Age or infirmaties being unable to bear Arms & 
others from a Religious principle (being Quakers) averse to it. Thus 
it uncontestably appears that a very large proportion of the In- 


habitants of Georgia have given every proof in the |X)wer of Men 
to give of their attachment to their King k the cause of Great Britain. 
Proofs we take upon to say that would have done honour to Patriots 
in the most [virjtuous of Times; & yet those Men with many others 
equally deserving (we speak with indignation k anguish of heart) are 
after all their suffering likely to be left a prey in hands of their 
enraged & relentless Enemies, from the want of that assistance which 
ought & might have been given them. This much we thought it our 
duty to say in justice to the good People of this Province & if we have 
express'd ourselves with warmth, we trust the occasion will plead our 
excuse. But this is not all we have to lament on this melancholy subject; 
it is not only the loss & ruin of so many good and faithful Subjects, but 
also we fear the loss of a very valuable Province; on which subject 
we beg leave to add a few Words, as it is the language of many, 
that it is not worth the Expence it hath cost to protect it. There are 
few Countrys in the World that can boast a greater variety of useful & 
valuable Article for Commerce, than our Soil & Climate are adapted 
to produce, such as Rice, Indico, Lumber of all kinds, Pitch, Tar & 
Turpentine, Tobacco & Hemp Provisions & live stock in the greatest 
abundance The value of Soutli Carolina is well known & acknowledged 
&: yet great as it is we will venture to say it is short of what is capable 
of being made. With respect to Rice wch is consider'd as the Staple 
of both Provinces, it hath been found on an enquiry made several 
years ago by Persons very capable judges that our Rice Lands are 
not only more in quantity, but also superior in quality, as consisting 
of a much larger proportion of rich River Swamps or Tide Lands; a 
Soil not to be exhausted by a continued Cultivation for Ages. The 
fertile high Lands in the back parts of the Province, of which there 
are very large quantities, have been found exceedingly well adapted 
for the Culture of Indico & a discovery made a few years ago could 
not have failed of extending the Cultivation of that valuable Com- 
modity to a considerable Degiee, wch. was that our Tide Lands were 
as well adapted to Indico as Rice it growing on them with the greatest 
luxuriancy Tobacco was lately introduced in the interior parts of the 
Country by some Planters from Virginia 8c was found to answer beyond 
expectation, the quantity produced from an Acre being equal to the 
best lands in Virginia & the quality rather superior, in so much that 
numbers were encouraged to go upon it & it would soon have made a 
considerable figure in the Exports of this Province, had not this as well 
as every other improvement, been put a stop to by the Rebellion. 

In the Article of Lumber Georgia hath for many years been 
unrival'd, from the superior goodness of our Timber, gieat abundance 


of it & tlie vicinity of tlie Lands producing it to navigable Creeks &: 
Rivers, in so much that Georgia Lumber bore a higher Price in the 
West India Islands than that from any other part of the Continent. 

The quantities of Naval Stores were not so considerable, tho' our 
Pine is almost entirely of that kind that abounds in Turpentine, 
owing to this cause, that the Planters found they could employ their 
hands to greater advantage in making Lumber The numbers of 
Horses, Cattle &: Hogs with which our Woods swarmed was almost 
beyond belief which besides an abundant supply for home consumption 
furnish'd no inconsiderable quantity for Exportation to the West 
India Islands. 

From the foregoing observations on our Lands & Produce, the 
great value of the Province of Georgia will incontestably appear & 
for the truth of which we appeal to your Excelly who has had ample 
opportunities & spared no pains to make yourself master of this 
Subject. It is true those observation show rather what may be done or 
expected, than the state of its actual improvement of & Produce. 
Even this proof we will not decline. In the Year 1772 our Exports 
amounted to £ 121,677 Sterg as appears by a very accurate Acct. made 
out from the Custom House Books; this compared with the Value 
of the Exports at the time Georgia became a Royal Government well 
show the very rapid Progiess it made; for from that period we must 
date its progressive state both as to Population & Cultivation, since 
for many years before, it had been on the decline, owing to many 
defects in its original Plan of Government & absurd restrictions on its 
Trade. In the Year 1752 the amount of Her Exports did not exceed 
£ 1000 which gives an increase of £ 120,677 in the course of 20 years 
To this we beg leave to add that had it not been for the check it 
met with from the present unnatural Rebellion, there is no doubt 
that by this day our Exports would at least have been twice as much 
as they were in the year 1772 

Notwithstanding all our sufferings & losses in the course of those 
unhappy disputes, yet such are our natural advantages & resources, 
that the Province would very soon have r[each]'d [its] former flourish- 
ing state, if after the Re Establishment of Civil Government in March 
1779 it had been properly supported & protected; as a proof of this 
we must observe that from the 1st of Jany. 1780 to 1st Jany 1781 not 
less than 100 Vessels Enter'd in &: Cleared from the Port of Savannah, 
a great part of wch were loaded with Lumber & Naval Stores This 
Country from that period might have proved a happy Azylum to 
great numbers of loyal subjects who being cruelly persecuted under 
the Rebel Government would have gladly taken Refuge amongst us 


SO that by this day our strength and numbers would in all probability 
have been greater than they ever were before in our most prosf)erous 
state. This is not matter of meer conjection, many People of this de- 
scription having actually come in & many more ready to follow them 
at the time our Province from the causes before mention'd was over 
run by the Rebels. 

All those Evils wch. this Province has suffer'd since its reduction in 
1779 (of wch. the above is but a slight & imperfect sketch) might we 
have no doubt been prevent or remedy'd if that attention had paid 
to your excellys. repeated earnest Representations of the state of the 
Province, & application for assistance wch. the importance of these 
matters required. On this occasion we should be wanting in candour & 
gratitude if we [hesitajt'd to expres[s] the warm sense we entertain of 
your Excellencies unremitting attention to & strenuous exertions for 
the safety of the Province during this very difficult & critical Period; 
& have only to lament that you had it so little in your power to render 
them effectual. 

Having thus stated as briefly as the extensiveness of the subject & 
its importance would admit of, what we conceive to have been the 
sources of all our misfortunes, & from that justice to the Province & 
the loyalty of its Inhabitants which both a regard to truth & Duty 
dictated to us. We now beg leave to advert to the means used by us as 
Representatives of the People in General Assembly, for the safety & 
defence of the Province, from which we trust it evidently appear that 
every thing hath been done on our part that could be expected in 
the weak & impoverish'd state the Province was reduced to. 

(Here I think should be briefly mention'd the several Acts pass'd 
for supporting his Majesty's Government & strengthening the hands 
of Government. Also the substance of the several addresses on the 
same subject & of the Governors Answers. The Expence of the works 
abt. Savannah & Ebenezer & the Pay due the Militia &c should be 
mentioned as debts incurr'd by the Province on this occasion) 

The folloAving incomplete paragraphs appear on a separate page after the above. 

untill the 21st. Octr. when the French Troops embark'd & left the 
Coast, having lost a gieat number of men in their attempt to Storm 
our Lines on the 16th. of Octr. [1779]. 

In March 1780 Writs were issu'd for the Election of a Commons 
House of Assembly returnable on Friday 5th May & on the 9th 
they made a House & proceeded on Business 

About the end of Deer. 1781— The Rebel Army under Genl. Green 
march'd into Georgia & from that time untill the Evacuation of the 



Province the Town of Savannah was so closely blockaded by the Rebel 
Army that it dangerous to go without our Lines. 

On the 14th. June 1782 orders were reed at Savannah for the 
Evacuation of the Province 


Copy Lord Mayors & Petition & 2 Motions of Sir Ja's Lowthers in 
the House Commons, &c. 

Titles of the Acts of Assembly passed in the Session at Jackson- 
burgh 1782. 

Names of persons who are Banished, their Estates Confiscated & 
Amerced, Obnoxious, &c. 

Note: only a portion of the items described in this caption are now extant in 
this document. 


Adam Thomas, Heirs or devisees 

Boon Thomas 

Brice Fisher Linwood &c 

Baily John 

Bremar John 

Bull Fenwick Heirs &c 

Baker William Sir do. 

Burn John do. 

Balmer [?] Capt. do. 

Brown Tho's Col. 

Colleton Mrs. Heirs &c 

[torn] Colli[n] 

Crockett [torn] 

Dean Rob't Capt do 

Deas, Brailsford Hodse 

[House ?] — Land 
Douglass Samuel 
Eyecotts Heirs or devisees 
Fullalove Thomas 
Gibb Dct'r Heirs &c 
Greenwood & Higginson 
Gibbons Thomas 

Holmes Robert 

Hatley Roger P [?] Heirs &c 

Hill Richard do 

Hammerton John do 

Hume John do 

Hunter George do 

Hall Nath'l 

Irwin Lt. Gov. 

Knott Jeremiah Heirs &c 

Kincaid George 

Lamblon Richard Heirs &c 

Lorimer Cha's rcc'd [?] 

Montague Cha's Lord 

Mayne Cha's Heirs &c 

Mansel Walter 

Murray John (of Phillip Haugh) 

Michie [?] James, Heirs &c 

McKay Patrick 
Nesljit }olin Sir 
Ord CJapt. of the Navy 
Ogilvie George 
Ogilvie William 
Osmond — Heirs &c 




Rugely Rowland do 

Philips Ralph Major 
Reeves Henry 

Raper Robert Heirs & devisees 
Roberts Barony Proprietors 
Savage John 

Simpson John (of Georgia) 
Simond Peter 
Stuart John Heirs &:c 
Saxl/v George 

Tliorpe Barony Pro})rietors 
Taylor Peter 
Wright Charles 
Wright J army n 
Wright James Sir 
Wells Robert 
Wilson Lt. of Army 
Owners of Lott. Corner of Broad 
Street and Gadsden Alley 

N 0/2 

Addressers to Sir Henry Clinton 

Anenum William 
Baker Benjamin Heirs &c 
Burt William 
Buckle Thomas 
Bru[sh?] David [torn] 
B[torn, 3 lettersjle Tho's Jun'r 
Brown, Archibald 
Beard Robert 
Cook James (Carpenter) 
Cameron William 
Dupont Gedion Jun'r 
Deruis Richard 
Duncan James 
Downes Arthur 
Eustace Thomas 
Fitz Simons Christopher 
Fisher John 
Gibbs Walter John 

Hambelton Paul Sen'r 

Hobbs [?] Joel 

Hare Edward 

Harty [?] John 

Harvey Alexander 

Legge Edward Jun'r 

Loocock Aaron 

McBeth Alexander 

McKinny William 

Makee James 

Nisbitt William 

Price Hopkins & Heirs &c 

Petrie Edmund 

Sailor David 

Valentine William 


Petitioners to be imbodied 

Atkins Charles 

Cooke George 

Davis John 

Greenwood William 

Glen William 

Hopton John 

Inglis Alexander 

Johnston Robert 

Kingsley Zephaniah 

Lindsay Robert 

McKinsey Andrew 

Phepoe Thomas 

Philip Robert 

Rugge James 

Rose John 

Reid John 

Smyth John 

Tunno John 

Valk Jaco!) 

Wragg John Br. Street 

Wain Ricliard 

Wright Alexander 

Williams Robert 



Wilson Rob't Dct'r. 

Wills John Jun'r N 0/2 

Wagner John N 0/2 

Ward John Taylor N 0/2 

Willeman Christopher 
Winstantly Thomas 

N 0/4 

Congratulators of Lord Cornwallis 

Brisbane James 

Cooper Basil 

Carne Samuel 

Clitheral James Dct'r. 

Deveaux Jacob 

Fenwicks Edward 

Glen John 

Garden Alexander Dct'r. 

Hinds Patrick 

Johnston Charles 

Perrenneau Robert 

Rose Alexander 

Scot John (son of Jon'a. 

N 0/5 

Holding or having held 

Commissions Civil or Military 
Ash Richard of Beaufort 
Adamson John 

Anderson John Cap't (of Hickelly) 
Ball Elias Wambaw 
Ball Elias (Comingster) [?] 
Ballingall Rol^ert 
Brown Malcolm 
Bosseau James 
Brockington John Jun'r 
Blair Robert 
Bellen Jon'a 
Brown Hugh 
Buckingham Elias 
Black Joseph 
Cape Bryan 

Cunningham Robert 

Cassels James — Georgetown 

Capers Gabriel 

Cunningham Patrick 

Carey James 

Cunningham William 

Cunningham Andrew 

Clarey Daniel of 96 

Commander Thomas 

Cunningham John 

Deveau Andrew Jun'r 

Dorrel William 

Dawkins [torn] 

[torn] Camden District 

English Robert 

Elfe William 

Fisher John (Orangeburgh) 

Fenwicke Thomas 

Frazor James Doct'r 

Flechall Tho's. Coll. 

Floys Matthew 

Fanning John 

Foissing Elias 

Ferguson Henry 

Fardoe Jno. Geo. 

Fyff Charles Dct'r 

Gaillard Theodore 

Gordon James Geo Town 

Gaillard John 

Gibbs Zachariah 

Gray Robert 

Guest William Tyger-River 

Gregory Benjamin 

Grierson Geo. Waxhaws 

Geiger Jacob 

Hibben Andrew 

Holmes James Heirs &:c 

King Richard 

Kirkland Moses 

Legg Benjamin 

Linder John Jun'r 

Lynah Ja's Dct'r 



Macklemunay Patrick 
Musgrove John Heirs kc 
McGilvray William 
Neilie Christopher 
Oneal Henry 
Oglevie Charles 
Poaher Philip 
Penda [?, one letter] ais 

Plumber Daniel 
Rowe Samuel 
Robertson Joseph 
Rees William 
Rees Benjamin 
Rhems Joseph 
Rugely Henry 
Smythe James 
Seabrook Joseph Jun'r 
Steven William Saluda 
Wigfall John 

Wafford Benjamin 
Yarborough Capt 
Turner David 

N 6 

RichardDeveaux Andrew San'h 

Ellis Edmund 
do Fryday David 

do Guerard David 

Harrison Nathaniel 

Julin Geo. New Acquisition 

Linder John Sen'r 

Murrel Rob't 

Spense Doct. Peter 

Willard George 

Williamson A[ndr]ew 

Wilson [torn] Geo Town 

Zubly John Joachim Heirs 

All those who had joined the Enemy previous to the fall of Charles- 
town & neglected to avail themselves of two Proclamations Issued by 
the Gov'r offering pardon to those who should return to their 

The Estates of all those who were Banished for refusing to take 
the Oath of Fidelity & Excepting the Estates of those who by Death 
were prevented from Disposing of their Estates, 10 per cent on the 
value of their Estates — of all those were Excluded by the Gov'rs pro- 
clamations & who have notwithstanding come out and surrendered 
themselves before the passing of this Act & who were pardoned on 
the above Terms. 

The Subscribers the Raising and Equiping Troops of Horse or: 
any other forces against America— Amerced 30 per cent on the value 
of their Estates Real & personal. 

Amerced 12 per Cent on the value of their Estates. 

Allison Robert 
Blake William 

Blaikenhorn Henry 
Bentham James 



Clark James (Edisto) 

Campbell McCartin 

Chisholm Alexd'r 

Cater Stephen 

Carey Nathaniel 

Corbett Thom's 

Delyou Isaac 

Deas John & lor Wm. Chisholms 

Del [torn] John Dct'r 
Doughty William 
Frear John 
Garden Benjamin 
Horry Daniel 
Harleston John Coll. 
Hannahan William 
Jenkins Joseph Col. 
Kintoch Cleiland 
Kerr John (Savannah) 
Legg Edward Sen'r 
Laroch John Capt. 
Lambert Lance 

Meggott William 

Matthews Benjamin 

Muncrieff Richard & Jr. 

Mattliews William 

Moore Isham 

Owen John (Fish [?] 

Pinckney Charles Sen'r 

Price William 

Rippon Isaac (Wadmalaw) 

Radclif Tho's Jun'r 

Simons Maurice 

Sabb William 

Scott Jonathan 

Steward Charles Augustus 

Sams William 

Seabrook Joseph Sen'r 

Stukes William 

Tobler John Capt. 

Wily Alex'r 

Webb John 

Wells John Dct'r 

Tobler Will: Capt. 


Honorable Major General Greene 

Savannah December 1st 1782 
Dear Sir, 

The several letters with which you have honored me, were duly 
received. A long and dangerous illness from which I am just recovering 
prevented me from communicating my sentiments at an Earlier period 
to you on the subject of the purchase made for you at the public 

If the general asscmbl) will percicve things in the light I do, 
there will not be any difficulty attending the matter of the balance. 
Your merits and desires on this occasion are fully met by my Wishes; 
and I think I am only doing an act of Essential Justice when I con- 
sider in the most liberal and grateful sense the important services 
you have rendered tlie Southern States. 

In Conformity to these Ideas, I will recommend a grant of the 
balance, and ardently wish an adoption of the measure. — is Charles- 


town on the eve of an evacuation? What news from the Northward, 
or Europe? Are negotiations for a peace in any forwardness? We are 
tolerably quiet here at present. I am inclined to think if affairs will 
permit you, in the course of January to come in, your presence would 
have a great tendency to promote what we both have so much at 

I am, Dear, Sir, with the most perfect Esteem, Your most humble 
& obedient Servant, 

/s/ Rich'd Howley 

This letter is not signed with a title but the tone indicates that the writer was 
in a position to introduce legislation. He was elected Governor of Georgia in 1780 
and was appointed Chief Justice of Georgia October 1, 1782 — two months before 
this letter was written. (Refs. Whites Historical Collections of Georgia, p. 211-212; 
and Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1961, US GPO, p. 1086. 
Further, in a footnote in Whites, a cjuotation from the Charleston Royal Gazette, 
24 October 1781, implies that Richard Howley was not then still Governor 
of Georgia. Nevertheless, the measure was introduced and the State gratefully 
gave the hero of the Revolution Mulberry Grove, on the Savannah River 
a few miles above Savannah. Governor Howley was concurrently a member of the 
Continental Congress and because of the circumstances, the organization of the state 
government was likely lacking the formality of other times and Mr. Howley may 
have continued to act in the capacity of Governor in some respects, even though 
his successor in office, John Martin, had been elected (Whites, p. 214). See also 
Stevens' History of Georgia, Vol. I, p. .S26 and 335. 


House of Assembly February 20th 1784 
Whereas the late General James Screven, Served as Colonel in the 
Georgia line of the Continental Army for a Considerable time and 
afterwards distinguished himself by repeated exertions as a Militia 
Officer, against the Common Enemy, and at last fell Bravely fighting 
for his Country 

Therefore Resolved that liis two only surviving Daughters vizt., 
Hester and Mary be entitled to a Grant of one Thousand Acres of 
Land each. To be run and Surveyed on some part of the Lands re- 
served for the Officers of the Army. 

Extract from the Minutes 

John Wilkinson C. G. c A. 

On the reverse side: 


To his Honor the Governor and Executive Council 

The petition of Charles Adingells Executor of James Screven deced 


Humbly prays that two Warrants for one thousand acres each may be 
ordered to the daughters of the said James Screven agreeable to the 
within Resolution 
Jany 4th 1784 . and he will pray 

/s/ Charles Adingells 


[Stephen Heard, President] Executive Council 

This moment the inclosed Letter was put into my Hands — as 
the Writer is named on the Bill of Confiscation and Banishment I am 
at a loss what line of Conduct to pursue Watts is the first person that 
has made application since the definitive Articles of Peace — I shall 
be glad to be favored with the Opinion of the Executive on this 

I am your Obed. Serv. 

/s/ Sam'l Stirk / Atty Gen 

Tuesday Morning 

On the re%erse appears the following: 

15th June 1784, Sam'l Stirk, Esqr. respecting Ch's [Charles] Watts. 
Confiscated property 

One of the provisions of the Treaty of Paris ending the American Revolution 
was that the Federal Government would recommend to the various states that their 
laws respecting the confiscation of properties belonging to loyalists be rescinded — 
Georgia was one of the states which did not choose to conform to the recommenda- 


































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For hire of the Ship Success for the 
Defence of the Harbours during and 
since the late Invasion of Georgia 
and other Charges of the said Ship 

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Forwards Paym't of which there has 
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By Deduction of 2 s. a Man in a Week 

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We the underwritten Coxswain and Men on Board his Majesty's 
Boat the Prince George stationed at Frederica in the Province o£ 
Georgia for the Use of the Detachments from the three Independent 
Companies in South CaroUna to preserve the Possession thereof and 
for carrying Provisions allowed to such Detachments Do acknowledge 
to have received of Benjamin Martyn Agent for the Colony of Georgia 
by the Hands of Messieurs Harris & Habersham the several sums sett 
against each of our Names or Marks in full for the Times of Service 
hereafter mentioned from the 28th November 1759 to the 27th May 
following both Days inclusive amounting to the Sum of one hundred 
fifty seven Pounds fifteen Shillings and six Pence, say one hundred 
fifty eight Pounts one Shilling, Sterling and we do also hereby 
acknowledge to have received our full Provisions and all other our 
just Demands for the said Time. 



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608(9) Cont'd. 

Dr. Messieurs Harris & Habersham for Sundrys as under delivered 
Capt. David Cutler Braddock and paid for the use of the Prince 
George Guard Boat. 

to Thomas Rasberry 

December 31st Paid Freight of a Grapnel & Hanser 

[hawser ?] from Charles town 0. 2. 

Febry 11th lib bees Wax . . 10. . , 251bGunpowder. . . a. 

19. ... 39/7 2. 0. 5 

I Cod Line 2/4 1 hambro' 

Line 2/2 0. 4. 6 

1 quire cartridge Paper 1/8 1 quire 

whited brown ditto 6 

61b white Rope a. 8d 4/ 

27th 1 Cod Line 

March 1st 61b Brimstone 

May 5th 1 pr. trace Chains 4/3 1 Pad- 
lock 1/6 

1 Tar Brush 6 1 Flask oyl 2/4 

Paid Thomas Bailey for Blacksmith Work 








2. 13. 


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7. 6. 


£10. 4. 6 

Received of Benjamin Martyn Esqr. by the hands of Messieurs 
Harris & Habersham Ten Pounds four Shillings and Six Pence sterling 
in full for the above account 

/s/ Thomas Rasberry 

These are to certify that I David Cutler Braddock Coxswain of the 
Prince George Guard Boat have received all the articles above 
mentioned of Mr. Thomas Rasberry amounting to Ten Pounds four 
Shillings and six Pence Sterling for the use of the said Prince George 
Guard Boat/ 

David Cutler Braddock 

Pay the Contents to 
Mr. William Thomson 
Merchant in London 

/s/ Harris & Habersham 



The Honble General Maitland 


The Island of Madeira August 27th 1775 
Dear Sandy, 

Pray let me hear from you directed to me at Portsmouth. You knew 
the Ship was detain'd six weeks at Portsmouth by desire of Lord 
Dartmoutli, and we was at that time in expectation of sailing every 
day. In short I have not such temper to wait upon this Subject, if I 
am not Redress'd by this time pray Complain on, for Redress I will 
have one way or other. We sail tomorrow again instead this day I 
believe Compliments to all with you So God Bless you Your Most 
affe't Brother 

/s/ John Maitland 

The above and succeeding letters from John Maitland are transcribed horn 
photocopies of original in possession of the 17th Earl of Lauderdale. All are written 
to his brother Alexander. Though these letters do not pertain directly to Georgia, 
Colonel Maitland reinforced the Savatniah garrison by bringing his 71st Regiment 
from Beaufort just before the Battle of Savannah in 1779 and he is generally 
credited with saving the city for the British. He died shortly after the battle and is 
biuied in Savannah's Colonial Cemetery. 


To The Honble 

General Maitland 
Welbeck Street 

Boston October ye 9th 1775 
My dear Sandy 

I got Hear this day, and find that one of the Majors that was made 
before me did, [died ?J I have wrot to P. Sandwich only acquainting 
him I am Hear and asking his protection but have said nothing as to 
Chudleighs death. We have had a Nine Week Pasag and a bad Ship. 
General Gage is to sail tomorrow and this letter is to go by his Ship, 
God Bles you. I leave with the Captain of the Scharbro: to be put 
aboard of General Gages Ship when it passes, fare you well Ever your 
most affect Brother & c 

/s/ John Maitland 



The Honble General Maitland 
Totter idge 
by: Barnet 

Camp on the Heights of Charles Town 
2d Dec'r 1775 
Dear Sandy, 

I received yours and by Letters I received besides I find you have 
been very Active in Assisting me while Absent I would have given 
up the Service at Plymouth had it not been for Colonel Bell, Colo. 
Carruthers and the other Officers my friends there, who beg'd I should 
not leave the Service, but continue and assist the Corp[s] I belong to, 
they said many things to me, much more than I deserve. And got 
Captain Barrington, and Admiral Amherst to speak to me, not to 
retire all this would not have done had I not thought that in a little 
time I should have got my Rank and that by going out I should 
possibly only hurt my self and we Younger Brothers of the Nobility 
cannot well afford to thro' away 300£ a year the King I know is 
good and means well to us all, and its the Ministers Business to point 
out the Measure to him, in this we have failed thro' the Ignorance 

of the Minister, I dont accuse Lord S of any intention to do me 

harm, but he did not understand the practice of the Army, the desire 
that preferment should go on the Spot, has in practice amount'd to 
more than this, that Nobody should be brought in from other Corps 
upon these serving here, and the Consequence has been that every 
officer absent except my self has had their regular preferment, one 
strong Instance of this is, that on Colo. Abercrombies Death, Major 
John Campbell who was on his passage and the Regiment not on the 
Spot was made Lieut. Colonel so neither he nor the Regiment were 
in America, consequently the preferment going to people on the Spot 
falls to the Ground, Except with regard to the Capts. the Admiralty 
are the Stupidious people in the World with regard to Army Matters, 
and he is an Unlucky fellow who unfortunately happens to be under 
their Command. I might have been free of them long ago, and was a 
fool for not quitting the Marines, but I like our people Very well and 
they are very good to me, and I really have an Affection for the Corps 
I serve in, but at the same time am damnably ill Used so— I shall say 
no more about it, we are still in Camp and the Weather is Really 
much Colder than in England, but the Men have so much to do in 
building Barracks and throwing up Redoubts upon these Heights 


that it has been hitherto impossible for the Gen'l to bring us into 
Winter Quarters. Clinton is our General over here and Pigot our 
Brigad'r both of whom are Extremely Civil to me, and desires their 
best Compliments to you, our Army is too small to Act offensively 
and we are therefore in some Degiee besieged only three Companies 
of the 17th are yet arrived and what are become of the rest of the 
five regiments from CORK we do not know, there is a Brig with 
Ordnance Stores 50 field pieces 3 thirteen Inch Mortars &c 8cc which 
we are afraid have fallen into the Hands of the Rebels if this be the 
Case we shall have very Hott Work this Winter— for the Rascals may 
Burn the Town about our Ears. Two Ships of War have seen her, the 
Cerberus was in Company with her Nine days and parted with her in 
a Gale of Wind and thinking the Kings Ship in Danger from the 
Weather made the best of his Way in here the Mercury has since been 
in Company with her and parted with her also in a Gale of Wind, and 
the Captain also thinking the Ship in Danger made the best of his 
Way in, but in my oppion— who am certainly a Very bad judge, these 
two Captains wou'd have Acted better had they bor'd a hole in their 
Two Ships Bottoms and sent them both down, and put their Men on 
Board the Brig and brought her in, if the Admiral and all His Fleet 
were in the Bottom of the Sea it would not be half the Consequence 
that, that Brig falling into the hands of the Enemy will be, the 
Rebells sent us Word by Flag a Truce last Night that they had 
taken the Brig, I hope it is a Lye but if it be true 'tis a bad Matter, 
we are come to a poor pass when the Navy of England Cant keep 
the SEA, when Every Rascally privateer from the Rebels are out. 

There has nothing Material happen'd here since the 17th June the 
Men do their Business with Chearfullness and the Corps I belong to, 
remarkably so. the Whole Army are very Sickly you will be surpris'd 
when I tell you the Number we Can produce if we were attack'd to 
Night which if the Rascals know'd what there about, they ought to 
do, we could not bring out anything Near 1,000 men this is the Truth 
tho' Major Dilkes will deliver this may not know it, nor indeed is it 
fit that it should be Generally known in this Army Your Regiment is 
a very pretty one all Young Lads, and I believe the strongest Regi- 
ment here. Thorn Dundas's Lady Jennetts Son is here and Very well 
but I cant prevail upon him of going home, for which he is a fool, 
as he is Heir to 3000£ pr. year— and His father and Mother, desires of 
his return and very Uneasy about it but all I can say he Laughs and 
wont harken to me but is in every respect a very worthy Young man 
and will do us Hons. I beg my best Compliments to Mrs Maitland 


and all with you. What is become of Sandy You should get him out 
of the Marines as soon as you Can if he comes here I shall take a 
most fatherly care of liim, I need not recommend to you to take care 
of my affairs, I know you'll do that without my desiring it, send to Sir 
Thomas Mills and tell him that his old friend has been most 
barbourously used and bid him speak to Lord Mansfield in respect 
to it. 'tis a cruel case that the Nobility of Scotland sho'd be worse 
used than the Nobility of England there is not a Boy here who has 
not connected with the Nobility of England in the most Distant De- 
giee who is not a Major or Lieut. Colonel and many Boys has that 
Rank here who have no Family Connections at all, I know Mills will 
do anything to serve me who am his real friend Charles Ogilvie 
knows him very well and will go to him if you desire it, I am sensibly 
I am very bothersome to you, but I know I need not make any 
Excuses I am Dear Sandy, Ever your affectionate Brother Sec 

/s/ John Maitland 


The Hon: General Maitland 
Welbeck Street 

Halifax Nova Scotia June 8th 1776 
My Dear Sandy. 

Your Son Arrived here in the Senturian Three days ago, and im- 
mediately join the 49th he is On Board the same Transport with Sir 
Henry Calder we could not with any sort of Propriety send him 
home at present, but Sir Henry & I will endeavour to do it soon by 
getting him a Lieut'cy in a Reg't that is soon to go home or some- 
thing of that sort. 

The Gen'l has given me the Command of the Second Batt'n of 
Light Infantry. We expect to sail today but where we are going cant 
tell you, I shall write you as things occur I never saw Sandy looking 
so well in my life. One Transport of the 42d arrived yesterday that 
is the only reinforcement we had from England for many months no 
appearance of the Foreigners as Yet.— I am excessively hurried More 
to do than I am able to manage at present. Sir Henry Calder is very 
well he is to Write to you if he can find a moment to do it in 
Compliments to all you So God Bless you ever, Your most affectionate 
Brother &c 

/s/ John Maitland 



Tlie Honble General Maitland 
3 Welbeck Street 
Charles Neck Staten Island New York Province July 8th 1776 
Dear Sandy 

We arrived here from Halifax the 29th last Month & landed & took 
possession of this Island July 2nd at 8 o'Clock at Night, we the Light 
Infantry & the Grenadeers Took possession of tlie heights & lay on 
our Arms all night, the next morning we marched on & got possession 
of the Island without opposition that signified, it is a very pretty 
Island about 16 Miles long 8c 6 or 7 broad & just by the Town of 
New York, Your Son Sandy is in perfect good health as is Sir Henry 
Calder & the 49th the Army is very healthy we have not one sick 
Man in the 2d Batt'n of Light Infantry, wc expect the Guards &: 
Germains every hoiu-, I wish tliey were come with all my iiart & that 
the War was over. The Americans are tlie Vilest rascals I ever knew 
such ingiatitude as theres never was known since the Creation of the 
World, I beg my Compliments to all with you. I ever am Your most 
Affect Brother &c 

/s/ John Maitland 


Turtle River 24th March 1776 
Colonel Mcintosh 

Sir I received your Orders of the 14th Instant by the hands of 
Capt. John Mcintosh five or six days after date. The contents I have 
particularly noted and mean as far as in my Power lies to Comply 
with Sec. 

I have here sixteen Recruits. How many I may have in Savannah & 
Elsewhere I am not able to tell or inform You of at the time I re- 
ceived Your Orders. 1 was at the Altamaha on my way to the Ceded 
Lands to Recruit, as since my last to you I altered my mind of going 
to tlie So. Wards. I was very far from being in order to sett out on such 
a hasty & unexpected Expedition. The Recruits which I here have I 
expected to have sent shortly to Savannali, when they would have 
been properly Accrutrifyd (say) such of tliem who has need of proper 
Arms, which is near half of them, I have with much Difficulty; made 
up the Quantity of Arms for the present Occasion, & am just now 
on point of setting of with them to the So. Ward, With as many 


Volunteers from St, Davids as will make the Number near About 

thirty men kc. The Volunteers with myself think the 

force Small Enough to Answer the Purpose of Your Orders &c. 

I observed on the back of Your Orders that you Desired Capt. 
John Mcintosh to Inform me that it was your Orders that I should 
Immediately send the Recruits from hence to Darien, under the 
Command of Lieut. Lachlan Mcintosh, which would have been 
complied wdth could I have collected a sufficiency of Men for the 
present purpose without them. This I informed Capt. Mcintosh of and 
at same time informed him it was not in my power to Comply with 
Your Orders of Proceeding to the So. Ward unless I carry d my Re- 
cruits; he told me for Answer that it was Your Verbal Orders, I should 

take them with us if necessary. I therefore hope I shall 

not act Contrary to Orders, if I should its not my fault, & I also 
observed that in part of your Orders you Mention the Prohibiting of 
any kind of Stock being drove to E. Florida. I believe that practices 
of this kind are almost daily going on to the So. Ward of this place. 

Which cannot be prevented by footmen Some Stocks on 

this Quarter I can and have Effectively prevented from being drove 

I am of Opinion that the Province (say this Quarter of it) might 
be much the better of having a small Party of my Company Con- 
verted into horsemen, in order to Effect any such Orders that may in 

future Reach me. I can Immediately Enlist a number of 

such men if it be thought proper to be done (as horsemen) which if 
allowed me to do it will be in my power to make up my Company 
fully in a very short time. 

Since my last to you I have Enlisted four men which makes the 
number Twenty[.] I shall Immediately proceed to St. Mary's, if I find 
nothing worth doing there or on my way I shall discharge the Volun- 
teers as soon as Possible and shall Cruise with the Recruits between 
Altamaha & St. Mary's until further orders. 

I am Sir Y'r most Ob't & Hble Serv. 
/s/ A. Carney 

On the reverse side appears a list of names, many of whom were then or later 
became officers of the Georgia Continental Line or the Georgia Militia. The list 
is as follows: 

John [unreadable] 

Wm. Mcintosh 
Geo. Mcintosh 
Ben. Andrews 
John Elliott 


James Maxwell 
Jos. Clay 
Ambrose Wright 
John Bryan 
- Stirk 

Note: There is another version of this letter in slightly different form but the 
same content, probably a retained copy. 

I am of opinion that the Province (say this Quarter of it) might 
be much better of having a small party of my Company Converted 
into horsemen in order to Effect any such Order that may in future 

Reach me I can Immediately enlist a number of such 

men if it be thought proper to be done (as horsemen) which if 
allowed of me to do it will be in my power to make up my Company 
fully in a very short time 

Since my last to you I have Enlisted four Men which makes this 
Number twenty. I shall immediately proceed to St. Marys if I find 
nothing worth doing there or on my way I shall discharge the 
Volinteers as soon as Possible and shall Cruise with the Recruits 
between Allatamah & St. Marys until further Orders. 

I am S'r. Yr. Most Ob't. & H'ble Serv't 
/s/ A. Carney 

At the bottom of the letter appears a list of names, very indistinct, 
of officers identified with the Georgia Continental Line. The list is 
written in different hand from that of the letter and signature, The 
names of those which are decipherable are: Wm. Mcintosh, John 
Elliott, Thomas Maxwell, Ambrose Wright, Jos. Bryan, Stirk. 

The above was copied from a photocopy; location of the original is not known. 


The Publick of Georgia TO — 

Levi Sheftall 

1775 July 4th To 500# beef at 21/2 5. .-3.-2 

this beef was for the Liberty Schooner 
1775 July 18th To 29# beef a 21/2 for some Indians O....6....O1/2 

The above was d[elivere]d by 

Major Habersham verbal order to me £5.9 21/2 

Errors Excepted 

/s/ Levi Sheftall 


Savannah 15 June 1776 
Sworn before me 

William Erven AJ 


This item is a fragment of a letter which was originally addressed to "Coll. 
Lachlan Mcintosh" and signed by '"A. Carney, September the 10 1776" and de- 
livered by "fav'r Mr. Demere". This letter is more personal than other such letters 
from Carney in this collection: 

"I am able to ride so fair I "; " see you in 

a few days Mrs. Carney [joins] in Compli- 
ments to you & Family you injoy your health. I Remain 

most obn't & humble serv't. 

/s/ Ar'r Carney 
There is also a fragment of a postscript, as follows: 

"[Lash]lan Mcintosh all in my power to serve the 

tow[n] Mr Ross and Mr. Demere and the Parrishes 


/s/ Ar'rC 

A notation on the reverse side is as follows: "Letter from Capt. Carney 10th 
Sept'r 1776. w'th Copy of Letter of same date to Mr. Bullock ab't confining Tonyin. 


To Lachlan Mcintosh, Esqr. 
Commander in Chief of the 
Georgia Forces Sec 

Fort Barrington 5th November 1776 

With Difficulty I've Sent Lieut. Serimsger with the party Yester- 
day Late, furnished him with Two Horses Two Axes, and Sundry 
other Materials, I have Nothing in Particular to acquaint you with 
only the foot Party under Lieut. Morrison arrived here about 2 o'clock 
today I understand from Corp'l Lowers they have been at Doctors 
Town [about 40 miles up the Altamaha River from Darien]. But 
made no other discovery but one Track which they Suppose Might 
Probably be an Indians. I also Lern'd that Lieut. Morrison Has gone 
with the Horsemen of his Command to Carney's Cowpen and these 
men that has returned Met the Light Horse (who Crossed the River 
the Evening you were here) within nine miles of the Doct's Town 
(Below) but Could not Learn from them how far They Intended up 



the Altamaha. Our Residence here being Something disagreeable and 
made Worse by having nothing to drink but River Water. The 
former Article we Cannot Expect you Can Redress, but the Latter 
part, Hope you'll Soften by Sending if Convenient by the Bearer 
Two Bottles Rum, having Sent the Bottles by the Bearer. I am, Sir, 

With Respect your Humble Serv't. 
/s/ Thomas Chisholm 

On the reverse side of lliis letter appears the lollouinu; notation: "Capt Chisholm 
5th Nov'r 1776 w'th Acct's Mr. Laurens Rice, latter End 1776." In addition there 
are many tabulations in a hand other than that of the lettervvriter, as follows: 

6th Nov'r 1776 from James Baillie 

Brot on old crop unthrash'd 
New Crop as do. 300 or 
rough Rice gr. Pot's 1350 bus[hel]s 

do. Fulton 180 

Clean Rice at Fultons abo't 

New Hope unthrashed abo't 120) 
new aop near 200) 









£ 870. - 





3 or 400 bushels Corn 



shels pease 



. potatoes 


Georgia. In Convention, November 28th, 1776 

Resolved, that such Men as shall enlist after this day in any of the 
Battalions, Troops of Horse, [torn, ? one or two words] Companies, & 
Row Gallies, for the defence [torn, ? two or three words] — ing the 
War, agieeable to the late [torn, ? two or three words] [Cont]inental 
Congress, shall receive [torn, ? two or three words], as [an ?] addi- 
tional Bounty to what is [torn ?, one or two words] [al]llowed by the 
said Continental Congress. 

Saturday Dcc'r 21 1776 

The House proceeded to ballot for Field Officers for the 1st Battalion. 
Joseph Habersham Esqr was elected Colonel, 


Francis Henry Harris Lieut Colonel & Oliver Bowen Major— 

A true Copy from the Minutes 
/s/ Edward Langworthy, Secy. 

Addressed on verso to Peter Tarling 

The above resolutions appear to refer to the Georgia Continental Line 


Copy 17tii Feb'y 1777 Ch's Town 

S'o Carolina 
Whereas in November last there was neither Commissary Genl 
or pay master Gen'l in the State of Georgia, and I acted as such by 
order of Gen'l Howe and having no fund Established for such pur- 
poses was obliged to take up such money as was necessary on the 
Credit of the Public and accordingly Mr. Philip Minis advanced for 
the pay of the third North Carolina Regiment the sum of Two 
hundred and Twenty two pounds fifteen shillings and six pence; for 
White's Volunteers Sixty two pounds Ten shillings and Six pence 
and for the Virginia 8th Regiment Six hundred and fifty three pounds 
two shillings and two pence and Seven Inmdred and Ninety one 
poinids twelve shillings and six pence for the purchase of provisions 
for the whole of the Continental Troops then in the said State. The 
whole amounting to Seventeen hundred and Twenty nine pounds 
Eighteen shillings Georgia Currency or Ten Thousand Nine hundred 
and nineteen and half dollars which said sum is now due to the said 
Minis from the continent of America 

(signed) Will Kennon 

The above sums were advanced by Mr. Minis as set forth in this 

(signed) Robert Howe 

I John Troup Notary Publick duly admitted and sworn dwelling 
in Broad Street in Charles Town in the State of South Carolina do 
hereby certify to all Whom these presents concern that the before 
written Certificate signed Will Kennon with the three under written 
Certificate signed Robert Howe are true and full copies of the 
Original Certificates produced and shewn to me by Mr. Jacob Read 
Attorney for Mr. Philip Minis on this seventeen day of May in the 
Year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and seventy seven 
with which said Original Certificates I have carefully Compared the 
same. Thus done and certified by me the said Notary at Charles 


town this seventeenth day of May in the Presence of Thomas Rad- 
cliffe Jun'r and Jacob Read-witnesses. In faith and Testimony 
whereof 1 have hereunto affixed my Seal and Subscribed my name 

/s/ John Troup 

Oct. 31st 1778 give a Receipt to Michael Halligan [?] Esqr. 
Treasurer for six thousand and nine hundred & nineteen & half Dollar. 

Memorandum that this 24th Deccm'r 1778, Edw'd Telfair settled 
the sum of Six thousand Nine hundred & Nineteen Dollars & one half 
being the sum he received of the Treasury of the United States on 
my account. 

69191/2 Dollars /s/ Phil. Minis 


May it please your Excellency 19 Feby 1777 

I this day was at the musketfield when the express to you from 
Capt Bostick passed by, he brought an open letter addressed to the 
inhabitants exhorting them to turn out in defence of their Country 
and informing them of the necessity therefor, it was wrote very am- 
bigious but from comparing circumstances as related therein, I con- 
clude if [indistinct] the fort at Ft Fillies [?] is Evacuated & not Sur- 
rendered — If the Enemies numbers is so great as related I tremble for 
Col Harris. Col Sandiford of the militia was then present, he Im- 
mediately issued orders for a part of his regiment to turn out they 
are to rendevous tomorrow at Capt Mays at 12 oclock & I suppose 
will be at Barrington in the evening. I intend to march with them & 
of course the command will devolve on me, I shall use every possible 
means to prevent the Enemy from falling on the settlements. But if 
Col Harris is [s] ent off (which God forbid) & the garrison at Ft [torn, 
possibly Fillies, as above] made prisoners I am apprehensive we shall 
not be able to maintain our ground unless Speedily & Strongly re- 
inforced for I do not think we Shall have above 70 or 80 of the militia 
from this 2nd regiment — I hope I shall be so happy as to meet with 
your approbation in my marching witli the Militia The urgency of 
the case, & the possibility of the command at Barrington devolving 
on a Militia officer & knowing that they were fond of being under my 
Command, Induced me to take this Step without your Orders — I am 
with great respect y'r most 

Obt & Hum Servt 

/s/ James Screven 


PS I am informed that Capt Bostick has sent orders to those men 
at beards Bluff to retreat to Cochrans, a step I by no means approve 
of for I think we ought to endeavour to make a Stand at the Altamaha 
& prevent the Enemy from Crossing that river, I think of ordering 
them back k form a Line along that river; happy s[houl]d I be if I 
now knew y'r opinion — . 

Copied from a photocopy by permission. Original in the collection of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 


These four Habersham letters are essentially personal but they are included 
with the military manuscripts because of their military content. 


[Mrs. Isabel]la Habersham 

Ashley River [5 May 1778] 

My dear Bella, 

Colonel Harris going to Town affords me an opportunity of en- 
quiring after your Health and that of our dear little Girl, I hope you 
won't neglect writing by your Brother I expect to have the pleasure 
of seeing him in a few days. Pray send me two or three Linen Waist- 
coats by him 

A Number of Indians that our Merciless Enemies intended to let 
loose amongst us and who were on their way to join them, have been 
defeated by Colonel Hammond the whole party have returned to the 
Nation it was those was the greatest Reason to expect that Major 
Pickens would come up with a party who were on their Return before 
Hammonds affair & that they will also be defeated this is a very provi- 
dential Circumstance More especially as the Indians were given to 
understand by the Enemy that they would meet with no Opposition 
in joining them, they say they have been deceived and are returning 
in great wrath. I hope it will have a good Effect on those who remain 
at Home. This may be depended on as Wm.son [Williamson ?] sent a 
particular account of the action to General Lincoln There were eight 
scalps taken 3 prisoners besides a Number of wounded who must 
have got of — 

Another action between a party of Wmsons men and the Enemy 
happened near McBean in which the latter were defeated. The 
notorious Hal Sharp and a Major Spraggins Kill'd so much on the 
Head of News [?] 


General Lincoln has proposed at my Request to exchange Major 
Fleming for my Brother which [?] he thinks will take place no Answer 
has yet been received. 

I believe we shall return in the course of a few days as we shall be 
obliged to be at the Convention of the Georgians which is to meet 
the 19th of this month within a few Miles of General Lincoln Head 
Quarters so that our intended jaunt up the Country is at present given 
over — our Horses have been missing since Yesterday. 

Give my Love to Mrs. Habersham k compliments to Mrs Clay 
Mrs LeConte Miss Harris Sec 

I am my D'r Bella Your affectionate 
No Wafers /s/ Jos Habersham 

Mr Smiths Black se[rvant] 5th [torn] 


Mrs Isabella Habersham 


Camp on the So. Side of Satilla River 
the 17th June 1778 
My dear Bella, 

I wrote you a few lines from Heads Bluff on the Altamaha ac- 
quainting you with my Arrival there, which I requested a Man who 
was going to Mrs Gibbons's to deliver to her and desire her to forward 
it to you by the first Opportunity — We are now a part of us on the 
South Side of Satilla, within 15 Miles of Fort Tonyn, which place it 
is by all thought will be abandon'd on our Approach as they appear 
to be entirely unacquainted with our situation or even being in 
their Neighbourhood Gen Howe with the Carolina Brigade will be 
here this Even'g and the Governor with the Militia was on Tuesday 
last at Reads Bluff, so that I hope we shall very shortly be able to 
give a good Account of Col. Brown and his Scouts unless he should 
prudently make his Escape to his good Friends the red Coats who I 
fancy will hardly risk a Battle on this Side of St. Johns — a Party of 
our People went out Yesterday and came up with a party of the 
Floridians, we took eight good Horses and Five Saddles & Bridles, 
besides their Blankets and one of themselves, the others made their 
Escape as they were on the side of a deep Swamp and discover'd us 
before we saw them, the Prisoner says Brown has only 300 Men and 
three Months Provisions and that he knew nothing of our being here. 


as to his Provisions and Men I am confident they are exaggerated as 
its well Known the People of Florida before the Scovolites joined 
them were much put to it for want of Provisions and all Accounts 
say that the Scovolites are on Trout Creek near St. Johns River and 
Browns Party never exceeded Two Hundred at most — We are 
considering all Things pretty healthy and I am in want of nothing 
but Soap, if you could hear of an Opportunity to the Army pray 
send me two or three Pounds and if you can send any thing else 
without incomoding the Person who brings it, pray send some 
Biscuits Coffee & Brown Sugar, but at any Rate endeavour to send 
soap as we begin to want scowering — I long most ardently to hear 
from you and that you enjoy your Health let me entreat you to be 
attentive to it, you shall hear from me by all Opportunity Your 
Brother is very well and desires his Love to you in which my Brother 
joins him — Col. Elbert is hearty he frets a little [on ac]co't of Howe & 
the Gov'rs Tardin[ess] [torn] give my Love to Mr & Mrs Clay and 
when y[ou] hear of any Opportunity endeavour [to] procure and send 
[two or three words, torn ?] Newspapers — God bless you, and pre- 
serve your Health — I am my D'r Bella Your Affectionate Husband 

/s/ Jos Habersham 

give my Love to my Brother & Sister tell my Brother I shou'd have 
wrote to him but that Eustace setts off immediately. 


[To Mrs Isabella Habersham] Fort Tonyn tlie 5th July 1778 

[no salutation] 

I wrote to you my dear Bella two days ago, and I fancy you have 
found me a very constant Correspondent on the whole; the Governor 
and the Militia are to join us today, and I hope the Captain and Major 
General will lay their Heads together so that we may go on or return, 
for I am tired of staying here — Col. Harris continues to get better 
of his Wound and will as soon as he can conveniently be moved go 
down to the Gallies, a very experienced Surgeon will accompany him, 
you may assure Miss Harris that he is entirely out of Danger — Col. 
Williamson and his men we were told are on Satilla about 15 Miles 
from hence, we expect him to join us in a clay or two — 

You complain of being lonesome in Savannah I think you had 
better go oftener into the Country, suppose you are in Town two or 
three days every 7 or 10 days. — Lowry must have sent you the Chas 


[Chaise ?] and I dare say the Horses must be in pretty good order, Take 
a Ride every now and then to Mr. Clays only be sure not to ride but 
early in the Mornings about an hour before Lunch and be careful 
not to fatigue yourself. — 

I wrote to my Brother yesterday and recommended it to him to 
advertise for an Overseer, I wou'd rather have a single Man, tho' if a 
prudent good Woman cou'd be got I should have no Objection as 
she might be useful on the Plantation — in your last you mention 
the Negroes which leads me to hope they are better, when you write 
again let me know how ihey are and pray give me all the News such 
as Deaths Marriages Births &c &c. 

Commodore Bowen with two of the Gallies are up here, he says 
that a Tender to a Man of War was taken by a Privatier out of 
Sunbury, the Tender was from Philadelphia and the Master of her 
reported that he left the Delaware the 17th June that General Howes 
troops had left Philadelphia and gone on Board the transports about 
70 Miles below that City that the Commissioners were landed at 
Philadelphia and that the Congiess was to meet them there the 25th 
June and that a Cessation of Arms had taken place previous to their 
Meeting. I do not vouch for the Truth of the above tho' there is a 
probability of it 

My Brother desires his Love to you, give mine to my Brother & 
his Wife. God bless you my Dear Bella and believe me 

Your most Affect Husb. 
/s/ Jos Habersham 


Head Quarters Ebenezer 

27th March 1779 

The General has ordered me to acknowledge the receipt of your 
letter, & wishes you had informed him of your situation sooner; by 
this opportunity the Commissary of Prisoners receives directions to 
set you at Liberty any thing you can point that can be done further, 
I am persuaded the General will be glad of Serving you. 
I am. 

Your most Obedient & Humble servant 
/s/ Aug Prevost 

in pencil— "in hand of SON" 


addressed as follows 

Mr. Colomb 

on board of the Whitby 

Aug Prevost 

509(3) Copy 

Doctor Lynah 2d of June 1779 

of Col. Hory Regiment at [?] 

I have received the honour of your Letter and I think you 
kindly for the bottle bitters that you has send me. I will do myself the 
pleasure to see you and your affairs when I'll go to the Camp. Please 
to Present my complts to Colonel Hory and to the officers of your 

I have the honor to Ije sincerely 

Your most humbel & obdt Servt 
/s/ Count Pulaski 


[To: General Benjamin Lincoln Oct. 2, 1779] 
Dear General 

I have the honor to inform your Excellency that I have out 
maneuvered a detachment of British troops commanded by Capn 
French of Delanceys battalion who with five vessels were strongly 
posted at Mr. Savage's point on Ogeeche. Being a supernumary Colonel 
and not willing in times like these to be an idle spectator, have (with 
Six Volunteers including my Servant) at llo'clock last night, by un 
coup de main, made all of them prisoners of War, and at the same 
time have captured Two privateers, a Sloop of 14 guns and one of 
Ten Guns with all their officers and crews, as also three merchant- 
men. Inclosed I have sent you the Articles of Capitulation which I 
hope will meet with your Excellency's concunence As they were 
drawn in the night (having chose that as the properest time to storm— 
at the same time to conceal my Numbers) and when men want Light 
they make but bungling work. I shall at all times be happy to put into 
execution any orders you may judge necessary to honor me with, and 
am, with the most profoiuid respect dear Gen'l your Obedient humble 

/s/ J. White Col. 4th G B 


The following notations appear on the original in pencil in General Lincoln's 

One hundred & forty one 

141 pris'rs taken Moses Kirkland among y"' 

The abo\e is copied from a handwritten copy of the original made by Mr. 
Forest H. Sweet, a dealer in autographs (probably in New York City), who sent it 
to Mrs. Lilla M. Hawes in 19.54. Mrs. Hawes was then Director of the Georgia 
Historical Society. Mr. Sweet suggested that she try to obtain the original, or at 
least a photocopy. At that time, the original was in possession of Colonel Preston 
Davie, 42 Park .Avenue, New York Citv. 


Belfast, the 16th October 1779 

Plantation south of Savannah 

I do myself the honor to inclose your Excellency the two Certificates 
of Exchange you sent Colonel Walton — those names which were not 
inserted by the British Commissary are now filled up with those of 
the Officers whose right it is to be exchanged. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Mmiro is a Prisoner to the United States — I 
flatter myself if he was offered for me, that General Prevost would 
not hesitate at accepting this proposal; Tho if the difference of rank 
is considered too great, it is not my wish to injine the Army. Forgive 
me, Sir, for troubling you at this critical moment with business relat- 
ing only to myself, and attribute it the earnest desire I have to share 
the fate of my bleeding Countrymen. 

I am, with perfect respect, Sir, Your Excellency's very 
obedient servant 

/s/ John Habersham 


Head quarters Savannah December the 8th 1779 
Ever Honoured father and Mother 

I take this oportunity to Let you know that I am well at Preasent 
and hoping these may find you and Brothers and Sisters in the same 
state Brother Peter is with Colonel more of the Melitia about 70 
miles from thense on Ogeche Near Moseles ferry and was well about 
a weecke ago as I had a Letter from him then. I have had a Sertain 
account that Brother Sammuel had made his Escepe from Charles 
Town prison Las Sunday was a wick, with about one hundred more 


with him and I understand he intends for Bush River William Harris 
and John fanner is arrived here part of the same Compiny and a 
many others. Captain Robert Turner is here and well and desires if 
possible to send word to his wife Like wise the fieldes William and 
Joseph. Likewise Let my wife know that I am well and Likewise 
Joseph Every and wife this day news is come to town that our fleet 
is arrived and if so you may depend on seeing us soon if god permits 
we have had perhaps as hard Sege as Ever has Been sinse the Re- 
belion began. We are Brocked [Blocked] up both by Land and water 
from the 10th of September untill October the 18th During which time 
a giate part was taking up in Cann[on]ading and Ball Bumbarding 
from Both sides the[y] throw upwards of a 1000 Shells into our works 
Beside some thousands of Balls and a quantity of Carcages [Cartridges 
?] in order to burn the town October the 9th the[y] made a general 
atact on us about the Brake of day which Lasted about an our and 
half after which time the[y] thought proper to Retreat Leaving up- 
wards of four hundred of their Best troops on the giound the Loss 
on our side did not Exceed fifty killed and wounded I am Ensign in 
Captain Robert Parris Company of the South Carowlinah Royalest I 
had a very Bad Spill of the flux about the Beginning of September But 
after about two wicks sikness through gods Mercy I Recovered my 
health again We are in giate Sperits and hope to Return to our homes 
again in a Short time We have as good wheat Bread and porke and 
Butter and Rum and a great Plenty of it as perhaps Ever was made 
use of I have not Eaten one mouthfull of Corn Bread sense I Left 
home goods is very plenty here altho Midling deer as is all ways the 
case in war time I heard from my wife about two wicks ago and 
She was well then William Nicols and Simon Nicols and Icac Varnum 
is all well So no more at Present but Remain your Loving Son whilst 

Moses Buffington 

take Care how you Conduct your Selves as I heard that some of your 
Nighbours has Been tasting of the forbiding fruit which Perhaps 
the[y] may be sorry for in a day when its two Late which had the[y] 
stayed with us when the[y] hat the opportunity perhaps it might 
Been as well 
Addressed on outside 

To Peter Buffington Senr 

Living on Matdox Settlement 
These (?) 



We the Undersigned Continental & Militia officers and other 
prisoners of war on parole in Sunburry do Solemnly and Religiously 
promise upon our honour to Lieut. Colnl. Cruger Commanding officer 
for the time being of his Majestys troops in Sunburry, That we will 
not Suffer our Selves by any person whatsoever to be Carried or re- 
moved from the town of Sunburry (if in our power to prevent it) or 
Should force or violence be made use of to take us or any one of us 
away from the the parole of honour we are now Under, that we will 
Exert our Utmost endeavours to be returned as Soon as possible to tiie 
Commanding officer of his Majesties troops in Savannah or Sunburry 
and Should we not have it in our power to affect the Same, We do 
further promise that we will not untill we are legally Exchanged take 
up arms or in any respect Directly or Indirectly aid abbet advise or 
act Against his Majesty King George's forces, and for the faithful per- 
formances of the above Conditions we pledge our Sacred words and 
lionour as Gentlemen officers — 


In pencil below there is a notation in brackets — 1779 ? 


St. Johns, Antigua 
16th December 1779 
May it please your Excellency, 

We the subscribers Continental Officers, now prisoners of war in this 
Island, beg leave to lay before your Excellency and the Honorable 
Members of Congress the following Narrative, which we humbly hope 
you will be pleased to take into consideration, and giant us sucli relief 
as the nature of our situation requires. 

We are some of those unfortunate men who became prisoners of 
War at the time that the [torn, one word, possibly — British] troops 
took possession of the State of [torn, probably — Georgia, and one or 
two other words] we Remained on our Paroles as [torn two or three 
words] of Sunlierry in said State inuil the 17th Day of October last, 
when we were left without any kind of protection, or any things to 
subsist upon, subject to the incursions of Savages, and the depreda- 
tions of tlie Irregulars, who had fled at the approach of the American 
Army and who returned as soon as his Excellency General Lincoln 
had called in his out posts — threatening Vengeance on all those who 


might fall into their liands. In this situation, having first obtained His 
Excellency General Lincoln's letter approving of our removal from the 
then Local circumstances of the State and the situation of the Com- 
bined Army before the Town of Savannah, then for the reasons before 
recited, we embarked on Board the Briganteen Bessy Commanded by 
Capt. Samuel Spencer, bound for Charles Town in So. Carolina, and 
sailed over Sunberry Barr on the 24th of October, and on the next 
morning when taken by a British Frigate called the Gaudaloope and by 
her brot to this port, where we are detained by the Governor who 
has admitted us on our parole restricting us to this Town — and who 
tells us that it is not in his power to Exchange us, unless he should 
get orders from his Sovereign for that purpose. This together with the 
want of every necessary to make life comfortable is our deplorable 
situation, there being no Cartel Established here. And there being 
now as we are informed upwards of seventy of our Countrymen on 
Goals for whose situation we [3 or 4 words torn] or in our power to 
be of Service [torn, one to three words]. 

We therefore pray Your Excellency and the Honorable Congress 
will be pleased Endeavor to facilitate our Exchange with the Com- 
manding officers of the British Troops in New York, upon whose 
notice [?] of such Exchange, signified to the Governor of this Island, 
our Liberation may be Effected and we once more permitted to Return 
to our Native Country and friends. 

We are with all due defference & respect Your Excellency's most 

Humble Servants 

Unsigned; this was probably a draft from which the original was copied, if 
indeed it was sent. It is addressed to Samuel Huntington, President, Continental 

His Excellency 
Samuel Huntington 

648 Folder 358 (1) 

His Excellency Rich'd Howley Esq'r 

Governor k Commander in Chief of the 
State of 

Fav'd by ) 
Major Moore) 

Swift Creek March 8th, 1780 


Dear Sir, 

After sincerely congratulating you, and my fellow Citizens, for 
their judicious Election (in not only placing a Whig, at the head 
of my Country, but one who is in all respects so well qualified, to 
render it happy, and save it from imj:>ending ruin) I most earnestly 
beff to be remembered admidst the bustle of business, and more 
weighty Cares of State; and if at any time, I may be thought 
servicible; pray Command me — 

I need not mention, how servicable the establishment of a Partizan 
Corps of Horse, would be to the State, the utillity, and advantage it 
would reap by such a Corps, is obvious, and I think an industrious & 
active officer wou'd with ease, in a small space of time, be able to 
raise three or four Troops, which wou'd be sufficient for the present 
occasion — I know of no person more capable or is equal to the task, 
as Major Moore, the bearer, whom I know to be a brave, vigilent, and 
a Judicious officer, and one who you may be assured, will with honor 
acquit himself, of what ever he undertakes, at all events I wish your 
Excellency may secvne him in the State Service — as he has had 
offers much to his advantage from the State of Virginia &c but like a 
true soldier seems rather inclined to serve those he thinks in most 
distress — The loss of such [illegible, 1 or 2 words] a Whig too) at 
such a time would be great [illegible] I therefore beg you will fall 
upon some measure to fix him ours.— 

I have the honor to be, with wishing you all happiness, Your 
Excellency's respectful and 

obd't h'ble Serv't 

/s/ J. White, Col. 

648, Box 26, Folder 298. (1) 

His Excellency 

Governor [Abner] Nash 

Camp, 26 June 1780 

The Bearer Mr. Travels thinks he can raise a sufficient number 
of men to Compose a Troop, but cannot mount the Whole of them. 
He also thinks he could procure Horses proper for the Service on his 
being impowered to impress, Will your Excellency direct me to give 
orders for this purpose? 

Most of the Officers come without Commissions, those you were 


pleased to furnish me with are Chiefly filled up, I believe fifty more 
will not be a greater number than will be wanted 

I am, Sir, your Excellency's Most Obedient Servant, 

/s/ R. Caswell 

Richard Caswell 


To His Excellency the President of Congress. 

The Memorial of Mordecai Sheftall, Sheweth, 

On the twenty-ith day of July, in the year 1778, your Memorialist 
was appointed deputy Commissary-General of Issues, for the State of 
Georgia, and continued to act as such until the twenty-ninth day of 
December following, when he was made a prisoner at Savannah, with 
Sheftall Sheftall, his son, who had acted as a Deputy in that office 
for a longer term. 

When the seige was raised before Savannah, being exposed to much 
danger and want, at Sunbury, where They were confined, Your 
Memorialist & his son, with others, embarked & sailed for Charles- 
Town, but was unfortimately blown off, and taken by the Enemy 
[and] carried to the West Indies, where they suffered gieatly, and 
are just returned to the Continent, [remainder torn] 

The above memorial, probably dated 1780, is apparently a retained copy. It is in- 
complete, part having been torn off. 


WHEREAS His Excellency Governor Burt has been pleased to 
give us leave to depart from the Island Antigua where We are at 
present Prisoners, upon Condition, that We give our Parole of 
Honour, that We will quit the said Island and immediately upon 
our Arrival at New York will surrender ourselves to the Governor or 
Commander in Chief at that Place, and that We will not directly or 
indirectly bear Arms or otherwise serve against HIS BRITANNIC 
MAJESTY until a due Exchange for us shall have taken place and be 
properly completed. 

WE DO therefore hereby declare that We have given our 
PAROLE of HONOUR accordingly. 

Dated at St. John's in Antigua this 11th 
day of April 1780. 

Signed/ Mordecai Sheftall 


Antigua September the 5th 1780 

By Order of His Excellency William Matthew Burt, Esqr. the 
above named Mordecai Sheftall is Released from his Parole in this 
Island, of which the above is a true Copy & is acknowledged to be 
Exchanged for Jacob Jarvis, Esqr. of this Island. 

ENTERED Jany 5th 1781 in my /s/ Jno. Rose 

Public Notary Register Dep'y. Prov't Marshal 

Witness my Hand and Notorial of Antigua. 

Seal of Office. Jno. Ord [?] 

Not'y Pubc 

The above was transcribed from a photocopy; the original is in the possession 
of Mrs. Marion A. (Mrs. B. H.) Levy, of Savannah. 


Memorandum that I this 19 of December 1780 presented my Parole 
canceld as I received it from Antigua 

/s/ Mordecai Sheftall 
My Son's Parole was 
presented at same time 

War Office Dec. 18th 1780 
/s/ Ben Stoddert 


To Guillam Aestesen [?] Jun'r Assistant Paymaster to the Board of 
War and Ordnance 

Pay to Sheftal Sheftal Flag Master of the Sloop Carolina Packet, 
three thousand six Hundred forty Seven Dollars and 68/90 of a Dollar 
in Gold and Silver, to be by him delivered unto General Moultrie or 
Superior Officer of the American Troops prisoners of War at Charles 
Town; for the benefit and relief of the American Officers there; for 
which this shall be your sufficient Warrant. 

Given at the War Office this 28th day of December Anno 
Dominie 1780 and in the fifth Year of our Independence 
By order of the Board 

One the reverse side: 

Received December 28th 1780 of Guillam Aestesen [?] in the 
absence of Joseph Carleton paymaster to the Board of War and 


Ordnance, three thousand six Hundred forty seven Dollars and sixty 
eight Ninetieths of a Dollar specie, which sum I promise to deliver 
unto By order General Moultrie or superior Officer of the American 
Troops, prisoners of war at Charles Town South Carolina for which 
have signed duplicate Receipts 

3647 68/90 Dollars/specie /s/ Sheftall Sheftall 

Flag Master of the , 
Carolina Packet 

I certify that the above sum has been paid unto General Moultrie 
as directed, agreeable to his receipt of the 21 February last, lodged 
in my Hands 

/s/ Jos Carleton 
Bd of War & Ord. 
Warrant for 3647 68/90 dllrs in Gold and Silver favor Sheftal Sheftal 

Deer 28 1780 


On Board of the Sloop Carolina 
Pickett Flag of Truce Feb'y 8th 1781 
Hon'ble Brig Gen Moultrie 

I am happy to inform you of my safe arrival in this flag (of 
which I have the honour of being flag Master) she is loaded with 
flour Cloathing and other necessarys. I have also a sum of Money in 
Specie. I therefore await your orders respecting the Delivery of the 
same and to whom. 

I am with all due respect, Sir, your Most Ob'dt h'ble 

/s/ Sheftall Sheftall 
Hon'ble Brig Gen'l Moultrie or the Superior Officer of the troops of 
the United States of America prisoner of war at or near Cha Town So 


The above was transcribed from a photocopy; the original is in the possession 
of Mrs. Marion A. (Mrs. B. H.) Levy, of Savannah. 



Savannah 29 Novr. 1780 
Col. Jas Grierson 

My Dear Sir, 

I wrote you by Young & you will now receive the one which was 
stopt by Mr. Seymour. 1 think I was pretty full in that as to every 
part of your letter of the 14th. The Governor has also wrote you 
fully, & I am hopeful in every respect satisfactory. 

Yours of the 19th alarmed us much — & we were for some days 
in the most anxious state of suspense. When you found things were 
not so bad as you then expected, it would have been well to have 
run another express to have relieved us from the apprehension we 
were in about you. 

I have sent by the Boat a Barrel of Irish Beef R: hope it will prove 

Brig[adier] G[eneral] Benefield & Prisoners in Clias 'town arc 
teiring [?] us to bring this trial. Pray exhibit the Charges against 
them. I am sorry Major Moore sent down the Indico. It had better 
have taken its Chance at Augusta, for they look upon it as entirely 
taken from them. 

I am with great regard. Dr. Sir, Your most sincerely, 
/s/ John Graham 

On the cover. 

No. 3. 
29th Novr. 1780 
The Honorable Jno. Graham, 


Savannah March 21st 1782 
Orders to be observed by the non commissioned officers of the 
provost guard — You are not to suffer any person whatever to Con- 
verse with the prisoners in the goal without a permit for that purpose, 
from the governor. Chief Justice, or attorney General and then only 
in your presence, you are to stop and examine all letters going to 
them and if they contain anything improper you are to send them 


Directly to the Chief Justice for liis Inspection, this the Commandants 
orders that the above is strictly complied with — 


Walter Cliffe 

Major of Brigade 

On the reverse side, the following: 

Orders to the officer of the Guards — 


Camden 16th August 1781 
Honored Sir, 

My indisposition has been such that I have been confined to my 
bed 'til yesterday. It is with regiet I spend my time in so useless a way 
at a time when the publick calls upon us for Every Exectation, this 
day is the Election of Our Representatives in the State of Georgia 
which I wish to be present, and I am very desirous to accompany Col, 
Mackintosh in his return to Augusta. If it could be convenient for 
your truly to [provide ?] an escort of four or six Horse to accompany 
us through the country to that place it would lay me under Infinite 
Obligation, as I am told there is some danger in passing the Country. 
I [illegible ?] endeavour to make this little escort of some use to Your 
Excellency by every Intelligence worth communicating. I take my 
leave with my sincerest prayers for Excely, Welfair of success of 
[illegible ?] to subscribe myself your Most Obedient Servt. 

/s/ Jona. Bryan 
Turn over 
The Bearer Col. Mackintosh, a young man of [illegible ?] of a Dis- 
tinguished family whose uncle Genl. Lachlan Mackintosh has lately 
been [illegible ?] a bond, but am not doubtful a future day will again 
Distinguish his worth 

I am Worthy Sir, Your 

Transcribed from a photocopy of the original in the Caroliniana Library, Uni- 
versity of South Carolina. Colonel John Mcintosh, referred to above, served with 
distinction in the Revolutionary War and served as Major General in the War 
of 1812. Died 1825. Ed. 



To Mr. Mord. Sheftall Jan'y 3rd 1782 

The Delegates of the State of Georgia request The Court to 
arrange the Evidence to be taken in the case of Major Gen'l 
Howe in the following manner ? 

At the commencement of the invasion of the State of Georgia in 
the latter end of the Year 1778 — what steps were taken by Major 
Gen'l Howe to prevent the enemy Landing — where did the enemy 
Land? Was the place known in time, and was it defensible; — what 
force was stationed there, and the resistance made? where was the 
Army posted; and were the passes leading in directly to the Town 
secured. In what manner did the enemy approach, and what resistance 
was made. — when and in what manner did the Army retreat, — how 
many were taken and in what manner — could it have been pre- 
vented, and by what means? How many Cannon and what Stores were 
lost, and by what means — when did this Army cross Savannah River, 
and in what manner. Were the Troops at Augusta ordered to leave 
the State, and by whos orders, were the Troops at Sunbury Ordered 
to leave the State, and by whom, and do you know if the Orders were 
to leave the State? 

On the reverse side: 

The Delegates of the State of Georgia Send the foregoing 
questions that will be proponded to him by the Court Martial in 
the Case of Gen'l Howe in Behalf of the State? 

The above is written in the hand of Edward Telfair. Unsigned. 


The deposition of Mark King a deserter from Savannah, belonging to Major 
Wrights corps. 

The following appears between the foregoing and the beginning of the next 

he left Savannah 22 Dec'r 1782 

r [?] 5 Jan'y 1782 [probably old style calendar] 

A reinforcement has arrived to Savannah from Charles Town of the 
7th Reg't consisting of about 150 men, he further says that Major 
Wright's Corps consists of about 35 men fitting for duty, about 40 in 
the whole, . . . Tliat the Enemy is making every preparation for a 
seige, they are making two redoubts, one at the Spring hill the other 
at the Trustees Gardens, the Citadel has twenty four guns, of twenty 


lour and twelve pounders. Coll. Campbell corps has about 36 men 35 
of which does constant duty, . . . [interlined above this entry is the 
tollowing:] as dragoons. Coll. Browns corps has about 25 dragoons 
and about 40 infantry, many invalids . . . Delanees corps about 25 
men, infantry. Coll. Fannings Corps about 40 men . . . About 300 
Hessians commanded by Gen'l Proback. . The present commander 
in Savannah Lt. Coll. Clark Commandant. About 200 militia men in 
Savannah. The commander he does not know. About 150 Negroes 
armed and equipt as infantry, commanded by Coll. Brown . . . The 
Enemy has eight Platforms round the lines of Savannah with 4 guns in 
each, 12 pounders . . . Four Row Galleys in the River and but very 
indifferently manned. They are obliged to man them with men from 
the different Regiments. The men on the return of the Galleys to 
Savannah repair to their corps, [the following has been lined out: He 
is American born, has been in the British Service about 4 months, 
taken on Ogeechee by one [this word was obliterated, but readable] 
Wm & Henry Cooper below horse creek. End of quote] The Troops in 
Savannah are in general very dissatisfied, [again, the following is lined 
out: his reason for enlisting was that he was threatened to be put on 
board of a Prison ship, and sent to the West Indies . . . End of quote.] 
. . There was about 5 weeks ago 100 Indians Cherokees & Creeks in 
Savannah and returned to their nation with a large quantity of Am- 
munition . . There are four Brigs in the Harbour, there is a guard at 
Cock Spur consisting of 12 men, two small redoubts on the Island of 
cockspur, the guard relieved weekly from Savannah . . . There is a 
post at Ogeechee, likewise one at Habercorn [sic] consisting of about 
25 men . . . Pork 8 d./ pound in Savannah. Salt one dollar per 
bushel . . In reguard of the different corps he is entirely ignorant off; 
The Troops in Gen'l are dissatisfied. 

On the reverse side of item 1, appears the following: 

An account given by the Head Warrior of the Tallasees. 

That he hears that Mcintosh [probably the British Indian Agent 
of the period of the American Revolution] has (or is) collecting a 
number of Indians at the Standing peach tree, from whense he 
intended to make excurtions on the back parts of this State, that 
Mcintosh has informed the Indians that Brown was to meet them 
at Augusta and if they was to come down and get what goods they 

That he says that he saw some days ago where four Indians had 
camped, that there appeared to him that they had the scalp of some 
white men with them by the appearance at the Camp. 


below is inscribed the following: 

Military Papers 


These two statements are unsigned. The cataloguer makes the notation "con- 
temporary copy?". No information has hern found on tliis Mark King. 


A Pay Roll of the first division of Captain John Mclntoshs Company 
in [blank] Batallion of Militia of Liberty County 

Names f^ U ^ ^ &h < 

1 John Mcintosh Jr Capt. 

2 Will. Harris, Jr Private 

3 Will. Mazo ditto 

4 Will Askins ditto 

5 James Askins ditto 

6 John Askins ditto 

7 Will. Hornby ditto 

8 James Grant ditto 

9 Arthur Adkins ditto 

10 Joseph Peannon ditto 

1 1 a Negro Fellow Serv't 


John Mcintosh Esqr. Capt of the 7th Company of the Liberty 
County Regim't appeared in Person, who being sworn deposeth that 
the above Pay Roll is just and true to the best of his Knowledge and 

Sworn to before me) 
This 1789) 

The foregoing appears to be a form which was not filled out, or a retained 
copy which was not completed. 


Government House Augusta 3 December 1790 


The Rank and arrangement of the MiHtia of Chatham County are 
esteblished this day in the following order 

James Gunn esqr Colo 12 August 1786 c 

Frederick Shick esqr Lieut Colo 
Josiah Tatnal esqr Major 

West Company 

Joseph Welcher Captain 13 August 1786 c 

Benjamin Sheftall 1 Lieut 13 Sept 1787 c 

Joseph Roberts 2 Lieut 

East Company 

Robert Montfont [?] Captain 
James Jones 1 Lieut 
William Moore 2 Lieut 

White Bluff 

John McQueen Captain 

Benjamin Butler 1 Lieut 3 May 1788 c 

Michael Densler [?] 2 Do 20 June 1788 c 

Sea Island 

Solomon Shad first Captain 
William Barnard 1 Lieut 
Robert Barnard 2 Lieut 

Little Ogechee 

William Thompson Captain 

John Taylor 1 Lieut 1786 c 

James White 2 Lieut 

Great Ogechee 

Joseph Day Captain 

William Maxwell Jun'r 1 Lieut 14 October 1788 c 

Meshack Butler 2 Lieut 

Cherokee Hill 

Isaac Young Captain 14 October 1788 c 

John Hallfest 1 Lieut 

Thomas Gibbons Jun'r 2 Lieut 


Artillery Company 

Edward Lloyd Capt - 4 July 1788 c 

Thomas Elfe [?] 1 Lieut Do c 

State House Augusta 3 Decem 1790 


That the Secy of the State prepare Commissions bearing date this 
3 day of December for the several Officers that are not already Com- 
missioned agreeably to the foregoing arrangement 


/s/ J Meriwether Sy E D 
Note those Marked c have been Commissioned 

The above is a negative photocopy; location of original is unknown. 



This item is a printed form of bond which was posted for the administrator, 
Andrew McCorrie, of Hallifax in St. George Parish, Province of Georgia, who acted 
as Administrator of the estate of John Cannad, deceased. Others who signed the 
bond with McCorrie were: Alexander Wylly, Esqr, and Lewis Johnson, both of 
Sa\annah. The bond is dated 10 December 1761 and the signatures were witnessed 
by John Talley. 



Mr. John Douglass 
Morton Hall 

Augusta 1 December 1766 
Dear Sir, 

inclosed I return you the duplicate of your letter to Mrs. Cashell 
with my affidavit; your former letter to her was safely delivered. I 
sent it over by one of our Negroe boys [one word torn] not inform 
mc that it was necessary that some white person see it delivered or 
otherways I would have done it myself, and acq[uaint] you, however 
I ho}>e this will answer and be a means of effecting your Business. I 
am much hurried and hope you'll be kind enough to accuse [torn, one 


or two words] to your Mother and Sisters, if at any time I can be of 
[torn, two or three words] in this place you may readily Command 
him who is— 

Dear Sir, your most humble Servant, 
/s/ Edward Keating 


Captain Lang/ 



You have now under your Command the Ship Elizabeth, Loaded 
with Rice, Skins and Indigo; with which you will proceed, with all 
Expedition, to Cowes, where, upon your Arrival, you will with all 
haste send my Letter, directed to Basil Cowper & Comp'y Esquires, 
to London, and follow their Orders in every respect whatsoever 
providing they are lawful either in proceeding to a Market, or going 
to London, to unload. If the Ship should be sold put no Decorations 
whatsoever ujx»n her, nor make any purchase of any Stores, and so 
forth: but if she comes out again on my account get a Head and 
Galleries on her, and Paper the Cabbin, and get your Hause Holes 
leaded, and some light Carved Work upon her stern, (I am positive 
the whole may be done with frugality for less than Eighty pounds 
Sterling) Also get Sheering Sails below and Aft, with a spare Fore 
Sail, and Fore-top Sail, also a nine inch Cable, which I think will be 
sufficient, for her Out Fits with what other cordage he may want. 
Pray use all Frugality and Economy in every respect whatsoever which 
is the Basis of all Trade, and without which no Trade can be 

So, Wishing you a prosperous Voyage, 1 remain. Sir, Your most 
Humble Servant 

/s/ John Wand 
Savannah March 2d 1771 

I acknowledge to have received the day of the date hereof the above 
as my Instructions, and will duly observe them in every respect; and 
also such further Instructions as may from time to time be given 
me by the above named Basil Cowper & Comp'y. 

/s/ William Lang 
Savannah March 1771 



To Basil Cowper Esquire 

New Broad Buildings No 28 
in London 


Savannah Georgia 4 March 1771 

not having the Pleasure of any Personal Acquaintance with Your 
Self but the Long Connections I have had in Your house Indiiceth me 
to Take the Liberty of adressing my Ship Elizabeth William Lang 

Master to Your Directions I have Likewise per your 

Edward Telfair Sent you a Power of Atty & as Your Edward who was 
the promoter of my Scheme into Georgia and knowing my affairs 

well in Every Circumstance Relative to my business well 

acquaint You of my being Largely Indebted to Benjamen Graham 
Esquire, So that if The Vessell Can be Sold without Considerable Loss 
/ Realy ivould have her sold to pay him off & have wrote him fully on 

that Subject and Given him my Reason for Adressing 

the Ship to any Other Person but himself which I think 

on his Perusall no umbrage Can be taken, as we have always had a 
Very Good imderstanding together, I hope it well [torn, one word] 
Subsist, But now having put my Business into Your hands, he must 
at all Events be Settled and Paid off, as I Cant in the Least Expect any 

further Lenity from him Your Edward will Lay his 

Proposal before You which if tJie Ship Cant be Sold nigh her Value 
to pay Graham all her freight and procure a Load of a further Sum 
to Discharge the luhole, at Least to fall on Some Method of Giving 
Graham Satisfaction untill She makes another trip back here, which 
would we Think Enable me not to be So Great a Looser by her 

She is too heavy a Charge on One Individual 

Upon the whole all I can Say about the Matter is that 

I Expect You to act with Such Prudence as I have always found in 
Your house So that I may Get Graham Paid which will Give me In- 
finite Pleasure. 

I am with Regard Yours most Respectfully 

/s/ John Wand 






2277/ 7/ - 


That I Mr. John Wand of St. Johns in the Island of Antigua in 
the West Indies am held and firmly bound and obliged unto Mr. 
Will'm Thomson Merchant in London to be received there by himself 
or here by his lawfull Attorneys Basil Cowper William Telfair and 
Edward Telfair or either of them in the full and just Sum of Two 
Thousand Two himdred and seventy seven Poimds seven Shillings 
Money of this Province to be paid to the said Mr. William Thomson 
or to his Attorneys Basil Cowper William Telfair and Edward Telfair 
or to either of him or their certain Attorney, Executors, Administra- 
tors, or Assigns: For which Payment, well and truly to be made and 
done, I bind myself my Heirs, Executors, Administrators, or Assigns 
For which Payment, well and truly to be made and done, I bind 
myself my Heirs, Executors, Administrators, or Assigns and every of 
them, firmly by these Presents. Sealed with my Seal, and dated the 
Twentieth Day of April in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven 
Hundred and seventy One and in the Eleventh Year of his Majesty's 

THE CONDITION of the above Obligation is such, That if the 
above-bound Mr. John Wand his Heirs, Executors, or Administrators, 
or any of them, shall and do well and truly pay, or cause to be paid, 
unto the above-named Mr, William Thomson or to his Attorneys 
Basil Cowper William Telfair and Edward Telfair or to his or their 
certain Executors, Administrators, or Assigns, the full and just Sum 
of One Thousand One hundred and thirty eight pounds thirteen 
Shillings and six pence money aforesaid with lawful Interest from 
the date on or before the first day of January next without Fraud 
or further Delay, then this Obligation to be void and of non Effect, 
or else to remain in full Force and Virtue. 

Signed, Sealed, and Delivered 
in the Presence of 

/s/ John Wand 
/s/ Alex'r McGoun A true Copy taken 30 November 1771 by me 

/s/ Tho. Shruder 

Notary Public 


N.B. what part of this Bond is paid in London. It is agreed that a 
discount of Eight per Cent shall be allowed. 

On the reverse side: 

GEORGIA. Parish of Christ Church to wit. 

On the 30th November 1771 appeared before me, Thomas Shruder 
Notary Public duly admitted and sworn dwelling in the Town of 
Savannah in the Parish aforesaid, Alex'r McGown subscribing Witness 
to the Original Bond (of which a Notorial Copy transcribed and certi- 
fied by me Notary is on the other side of this half Sheet) who made 
Oath upon my exhibiting to him the said original Bond that he saw 
John Wand sign seal and as his Act and Deed deliver the same for 
the purpose therein mentioned and that he the Deponent subscribed 
his Name as a Witness thereto. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto 
set my hand and seal the day & Year first before written 

/s/ Tho Shruder Not'y Public 


To Messrs Basil Cowper & Co, 

Savannah May 17 1771 

We wrote you the 11th Inst., to which we refer you as also to Mr. 
Thomsons of this date, which you have herein, Inclos'd; what skins 
We can procure will be Shipped you by Fox, should they not arrive in 
time for Colville, which we much doubt, Ross is now up tlie Country, 
and I expect to hear from him in a few days. Sharp & Keating's are 
all We liave any dependence on, which will, I expect, amount to Three 
hundred pounds, and, upwards; What rice I may have on hand, that 
can't be ready, to be Shipt by Fox, Will ship by the first Vessel that 
offers, and give timous advice. 

By the arrival of Joseph Farley from Antigua, I had the melan- 
choly accounts, of poor Wand, being intircly broke up in that Island 
by his Creditors taking the advantage of his absence, and having 
every thing sold, this you may be assured, put me upon taking every 
method, to acure [secure ?] his effects, in this Province & have ac- 
cordingly attach'd the House, Wharf, & Negroes the latter, of which 
you know is under a lease to Watts for three Years at £ 316 per annum, 
they remaining in Carolina, obliges us also to attach, in that Province. 
I'm in hopes, the freight of the Elizabetli which, as Creditors, in 
possession, you have a right to detain, in Your own hands; if not also 


the Ship. Which with what, is in this Province will fully Secure us; 
us; although the whole debt is very considerable being two thousand 
pounds Stg. particulars as under W. T. Jaunt to bloody jx)int for the 
Negroes has given him, a touch of the fever, which prevented his 

writing so fully, as he other ways would have done 

I remain Gent'n Your most h'ble Serv't 

/s/ Will'm Telfair 

Bond 1138-13-6 

Bills 502 - )drawn on Mr. Wand in Antigua 

)which will no doubt be rec'd 
400 bal'ce of house to Capt Powell 


To pay this debt, in this province are House, Wharf & Eleven 

On the reverse side appear the following notes, etc. 

Savannah 17 May 71 William Telfair ab't John Wands affairs & 

what he owes £2040-13-6. 

Rec'd per Matty Jackson the 6th July 1771 

/s/ B. C. 


This part of the collection consists of three parts: 1st, a power of attorney; 2nd, 
a deposition by the Telfair-Cowper Clerk; and 3rd, a copy of the account of John 
Wand, as kept by the clerk, which is an enclosure to the deposition. The first two 
parts (particularly the first) are in poor condition. The copy of Wand's account 
is on ja better grade of paper and is in good condition. Because of the poor 
condition of Part 1, the information will be summarized; the other parts will be 

[Part 1. — William Telfair appoints James Carsan of Charlestown, 
Province of South Carolina, to be my "[tr]ue and lawful attorney for 

and in the name of Basil Cowper and Edward Telfair 

my copartners to ask demand and sue for, recover and receive of and 
from John Wand formerly of the Island of Antigua but late of the 

Province of Georgia all and every such Sum and Sums 

of Money Debts and Demands whatsoever which now are due and 
owing to " the Telfairs and Cowper. The document is dated 16 may 
1771, signed by Will. Telfair and witnessed by Alex'r McGown and 
Geo. Walton. 


The other parts follow in turn.] 

Alexander McGoun Clerk to Messrs Basil Cowper William Telfair 
and Edward Telfair of Savannah in the Province of Georgia merchants 
maketh Oath that the Account herewith annexed and Signed by the 
said Cowper & Telfairs is a just and true account in every particular 
taken and extracted from and out of the Books of Account of the 
said Basil Cowper William Telfair and Edward Telfair Deponent 
[states] that [from the] Book [examined] it doth plainly appear that 
John Wand formerly of the Island of Antigua but late of the 
Province of Georgia aforesaid is and stands justly and truly indebted 
unto the said Basil Cowper William Telfair and Edward Telfair in 
the Sum of One Thousand and Seventy One Pounds Eight Shillings 
and four pence as by the said Account hereunto annexed doth and 
may appear AND FURTHER this Deponent Saith he doth verily 
believe that the Said Sum of One Thousand and Seventy One pounds 
Eight Shillings and four pence is still justly due and owing to the 
said Basil Cowper William Telfair and Edward Telfair and that they 
the said Basil Cowper William Telfair and Edward Telfair have not 
nor either of them as this Deponent believes had received or been 
paid the said Sum of One thousand and Seventy one pounds Eight 
Shillings and four }3ence or any part thereof giving for reasons of 
such knowledge and Belief in the Premises that he hath been Clerk 
to the said Basil Cowper William Telfair and Edward Telfair and 
conversant in their Affairs and Dealings for a considerable time past 
last AND LASTLY this Deponent saith that he was present and did 
see William Telfair Sign Seal and Deliver the Letter of Attorney 
hereunto also annexed bearing Date the Sixteenth Day of this Instant 
month of May and made to James Carsan of Charleston in the 
Province of South Carolina Merchant to and for the Uses and Purposes 
therein mentioned and that thereupon he this Deponent together 
with George Walton DID Set and Subscribe their names as Witnesses 
to the Execution thereof, as thereby doth and may more fully appear.— 
Sworn before me this l[6]th day of May 1771 
In Testimony whereof I [have] hereunto Set 
[etc, torn] 

/s/ N Jones /s/ Alex'r McGoun 



Dr.-Mr. John Wand— In Acct. Current with-Cowper & Telfair's Cr. 


January 1 

To Amo't of Acco't to 
this day det'd you 
To Interest on £550 Stg 
being the two first pay- 
mts made to James Edw'd 
Powell Esqr on Acct of 
the Purchase, of the 
House, from 12th Jan'y 
1770, to 12 Jany 1771 is 
1 year @ 8 pcent per 

To Amo't of Lumber drift 
ed from the Island of 
Cockspur, intirely lost, 
Amo't to £81-16-3, your 
half is 
April 19 

To Amo't of Acct from 
1st Janr'y last 

To Invoice of Sundrys ) 
shipped in the Plain ) 
Narrative & P. Cracker ) 

To George Johnson for 
his Acco't 

To Peter Paris for his 

' 1768 

3289-13- 734 March 30 

By Neal proceeds of a 
Negroe Woman, 8 hh'd 
rum, & 11 hh'd sugar 
per a/S [?] 
44- - 

October 5 

By Cash reed for your 
bill on Capt Wells 

By Our order on you, 
in favr Mr Poble[?] 

Decemr 20 

By William Belcher, 
40-18- I1/2 Assumed 

By Neal proceeds of 
803- 19-11 1/2 3 Negroe Men 

By repairing, the 
Long Splice per a/c 
235- 6-3 

Janr'y 8 

Bv our bill in favor 
11-9- 41/2 Mr Lovell 


216- 8- 

26- 5- 51/2 

2- 8- 6 

12- 4- 5 


50- - 


October 10 

By so much allow'd 
you by LeConte for 
rafting Lumber 


) 10- - 


By William Sanders's 

17- 5- 4 

April 15 

By The Brig'tne Polly 

sold Mr Hamer 

450- - 

May 8 

By 2 Negroes sold 
Mr Fox 

100- - 

June 10 

By 1 ditto sold 
James Moore 

45- - 

Aug't 17 

By 5 ditto sold 
James Butler 

310- - 

Decem'r 30 
By the Island 

351-18- 734 

Febr'y 17 

By 8 iJVegroe Men 
& Long Boat 

600- - 



£4425-18- 41/4 

By our bill in 
fa\or of Langford 

75- 1- 


By Our d'o in favor 
of Wilock & Mason &:c 



By our d'o in Fav'r 
William Muir 

145- .0- 


[arch 8 
By Rob't Watt's bond 

140- - 

By 3 Negroe Men 

180- - 

By a parcel of 

80- - 

By James Johnson, 


By Capt Dundas ditto 

7- - 

By John Taylor ditto 

8- 4- 

By Willm Telfair, 
for house rent 

60- - 

By Balance due Cowper 
& Telfairs 





April 20 
To Balance bro't 

down, settled with 

himself this day 

1038-13- 6 

By Amo't Carried 




To Brydie & Irvine for 

their acco't omitted 

9- 2- 6 

To Thomas Flyming for 
his do 


To Doctor James Houstoun 

for do 

5- - 

To Sundrys, del'd 
Cummings yx Mate 

1- 7- 

To 21b Sail twine @s/[?] 



1059- -10 




To Amount bro't Forward£1059- -10 

April 22 

To James Nicols for his 

1- 6 


To Jno Doors (Barber) for 2- - 

To Levi Sheftall for his do 1- - 6 

To 6 Galls rum @ 2/6 1 keg -U 

3/ for Yr people 


To 1 Doz sail needles - 1- 



To Cash paid at the Fort -10- 

To ditto paid Tower Hill - 5- 

To do paid Mr Dobbs - 5- 

May 7 

To John Smith for his 

Acco't 2- 6- 

Sterling £1071- 8- 



So Carolina Currency 7499: 18;4 
Savannah 17th May 1771 
Errors Excepted Cowper & Telfair's 



Basil Cowper Esquire 

New Broad Buildings 
No. 28 in London Antigua 18 June 1771 


No doubt but it will Surprise you to find I have given a power to 
Willock & Morgan to see the Ship Sold [? one word] was very far 
against my Inclination but what I was obliged to do to satisfy my 
creditors and by giving them such satisfaction as I observed would 
Contribute to my dysadvantage as I am fully convinced of your firm: 
and good Connections Likewise of your dis emteresstedness [dis- 
interestedness — this word appears more clearly in the copy of 10 
July] in giving up many points to Serve me [you had a right to 
charge — [one word unintelligible giving this power is really is a very 
great hardship on me and What I would never have Consented to: 
but my being so long off the Island and Graham sending his acco'ts 

out here to be sued for Likwyse Some evil minded person Spreading 

a report of my Death made every one I owed Sue me, and do there 


worst I Laid your acct's before them and Showed them I was 

very Largely indebted to you: and w'tout such assistance as you gave 

me the ship could never have gone to Sea I am only sorry Capt 

Thompsons bond was not made payable the first of this instant in- 
stead of the first of January ensuing I have wrote yours William 

this day by Capt McCoys sloop Relative to my affairs here — every 
one except Grahame's att'y have granted Iter [letters ?] of licence for 
one year [which ?, one word unintelligible] is really all I want as that 
time will give me time to collect and get things to rights as I am 

sure I can pay every one and still have a sufficiency left I have 

advertized 15 mares and some horses I have little occasion for w'h 

[which ?] will go a good way Likewise the Sloop and Schooner as 

Ships is now Sailing from lience one almost every week I shall take 
the liberty of writing you as Reason requires but shall write you the 
first opportunity more fully, 

I am Gentlemen w't the greatest Regard your most obliged Hu'ble 

/s/ John Wand 

On the reverse side: 

Antigua 18 June 1771, John Wand ab't his affairs & hav'g given a 
power to Willock & Morson & co. 
Received 26th July 1771, B.C. 


Note: this letter is a copy of the preceding letter, but since it is not verbatim 
and there is some information contained here that is not in the earlier letter, it is 
being reproduced in full. 

To Messrs Basil Cowper & Co. Esqrs 
New Broad Building No 28 
w favor Capt King/ 
Gentlemen — 

Antigua July 10 1771 
original dated June 18 
No doubt youll be surprized to find I have Signed a power of 
attorney to Willock and Morson to See the ship sold w[hich] was very 
far ag[ains]t my inclination but it was what I was obliged to do to 
Satisfy my creditors and by giving them Such satisfaction I observed 
would contribute a great deal to my disadvantage — as I am fully 
convinced of your firm and good connections and even of your dys- 


interestedness in giving me many points to serve me that you had 

right to, only your willingness for my interest this is a very great 

hardship on me as the voice of those I owed was nobody but myself 
any thing of the house, I laid your acco'ts before them to show how 
much I was indebted to you and that w'tout your assistance I had 
been unable to compleat or send the ship Home — I am only sorry 
Mr. Thomsons bond was not made payable at thirty days sight and 
am afraid there will be trouble in stopping of it — I wrote your 
William 8cis [?] last month w[it]h a full power to lodge a Mortgage in 
Moadies office on Powells house Wharf and the Slaves hired to Weeks 
w [hich] hope will be done Graham sent his acc't long out before my 
arrival and Sued for it Which have made every body do the Same I 
have now got a 12 mo's time to settle w[ith] them is setling [?] I think 
pretty fast I have sold 13 [?] slaves w[hich] has turned out to a poor 
advantage however I think when Lestys [?] horses and some others 

are Sold will go a great way in paying them off I have wrote you 

this opportunity by Maitland and Bodmyton who Willock and Morson 
sent there power of Atty to be [? one word] the ship setting forth the 
different sums of money I owe you in all besides what you have paid 
Grahame about 1600 pounds [? one word] I cant think you have a 

right to give the ship yr notice you are paid I have not rece'd a 

single line from the ship since her Departure from Georgia only a line 
from Graham that she arrived the 25 April at Gopport but said 
nothing concerning his acco't. 

I am Gentlemen with truth your most obed Servt 

/s/ John Wand 


Subsequent to the exchange of letters in this collection preceeding, Messrs 
Cowper & Co. referred the matter to Messrs. Gregg and Potts, Solicitors of Loncoln's 
Inn, for a legal opinion of their position. The two opinions rendered follow below. 
To avoid repetition, the recitation of the letters which have been copied above 
will be omitted and a note placed in their stead. 


Mr. John Wand of Antigua having in 1770 formed an Intention 
of Building at Savannah in Georgia on his own Account a Ship of 
Considerable Burthen applied by Letter to Mr. Benjamin Graham of 
London Merchant and requested him to procure and send to him in 
Georgia a large parcel of Iron Work Sails Cordage and other Materials 
to be used in Building the Ship which Order Mr. Graham Executed 
to Wands Satisfaction and for the same and on some other Matters 


in Trade Transacted between them Wand became and now stands 

Indebted to Mr. Graham in about £1300. 

It was understood and expected by Mr. Graham and (it is pre- 
sumed) Intended by Wand that when the Ship was finished she should 
be Consigned to Mr. Graham for the purpose either of receiving such 
Freight as might be made or in order to her being Sold in Case Wand 
should be desirous of a Sale, But instead thereof, Mr. Graham in the 
beginning of May 1771 Received the following Letter from him, Viz't. 

Letter from Mr Wand to Mr Graham Dated at Savannah the 28th Feb'y 1771. 

Sir — The last I had the pleasure to write you of the 13th Instant 
to which you will please refer to, I have since that time Entred upon a 
Settlement of Accounts with Messrs Cowper & Telfairs for this three 
years past who have been on the whole Considerably in Advance for 
the Ship, and have been so friendly as to load her with the utmost 
dispatch in this Critical Juncture and they have also given up points 
of Commissions, and Interest which really is of no small Consequence 
their Business being Extensive & connections good, they have given 
their full promise to continue the Ship in their Employ and to load 
her in the Crops there free of Commissions or any other Gratuity for 
their Trouble for which reasons I could not do less than Address the 
Ship to their House and you may be well assured that nothing but 
such Motives would liave Induced me to send her to any other 

person but yourself and I am persuaded you will readily agree 

with me that a Ship of her Burthen and heavy Expense ought not to 

lose so Valuable a prospect But notwithstanding those Advantages 

with the Provizor Every thing is not done to your satisfaction it is my 
firm resolution to disjx)se of the Ship if such step can be taken 

without considerable disadvantage to me I have given positive 

Instructions to that purpose in order you may be fully paid and 

at all Events those Gentlemen have fully promised me to pay into 
your hands after deducting the Portage Bill the full Balance of the 

Freight which youl please pass to my Credit This was all I could 

possibly hope from them and in this they have given up a point to 

oblige me on the whole I wish sincerely the Ship may come to a 

good Market that my Accounts with you may be wholly paid for I 
am really sorry the many disappointments I have met with have 
obliged me contrary you know to my Inclination to Infringe on your 

goodness Mr Edw'd Telfair who goes home passenger with the 

Ship will be able to fall on some Method to give you further Relief 
and will certainly do every thing to y'r Satisfaction I shall Sail for 
Antigua on or about the 20th March from hence and depend I shall 


quickly keep in View of putting you in Value and on this Head pray 

write me that I may regulate my Affairs Accordingly. 

On the 25th April 1771 Messrs. Cowper & Co. (mentioned in the 
above Letter) received from Mr. Wand the following Letter 

Letter from Mr. Wand to Messrs Cowper & Co at London Dated at Savannah 
the 4th day of March I77I. 

A copy of this letter appears above as item number 834 (2). 

The Power of Attorney from Wand ment[ione]d in this Letter 
is Dated 23rd Feb'y 1771 and is in the usual Form Authorizing Mr 
Basil Cowper to receive and sue for all Money Goods or other things 

belonging to Wand in Great Britain or Ireland To settle adjust 

and Balance all Accounts and to Compound Compromise Arbitrate 

and Agree all differences To give Acquittances and Discharges 

with other Gen'l & usual powers. 

At the time of the Ships Sailing Wand delivered to Capt. Lang 
the Commander the following Instructions in Writing of which he 
Transmitted a duplicate with Capt. Lang's original Undertaking Sub- 
joined to Messrs Cowper & Co. in the form hereafter Stated 

Mr Wands Instructions to Capt Lang Dated at Savannah 2d March 1771 
A copy of these instructions and Capt. Lang's acknowledgement appears above 
as item number 834 (1). 

Mr. Graham upon receipt of the afs'd Letter of the 28th Feby 1771 
addressed to him Applied to Messrs Cowper requiring them to Comply 
with Wand's Orders for the Sale of the Ship, and out of the Money 

to arise by such Sale to pay his Balance They Acquiesced in the 

propriety of Mr. Graham's Application but Conceiving that it would 
be for the Advantage of Wand that previous to the Sale of the Ship 
she sh'd make a Voyage to Petersburgh, which then offered they pro- 
posed such Voyage to Mr. Graham who assented to it upon their 
Engaging to make the Sale on the Completion of such Voyage and 

in the mean time to make a sufficient Insurance on the Ship 

AccorcUngly for his Satisfaction and Security they on the 12th of 
May 1771 wrote and Delivered to him the Following Letter Viz't. 

Letter from Messrs Basil Cowper & Co to Mr Graham Dated the 12th day of 
May 1771 

London 12th May 1771 — Sir — In consequence of a power from 
Mr John Wand to our B G and directions to sell his Ship the Eliza- 
beth, in order to discharge his Account with you, we have determ'd 
to order Capt. Lang to proceed with the Ship to Petersburgh (after 
the final discharge of her present Cargo Rice at Rotterdam) for a 
Freight of Hemp and Iron for London and after her Arrival here we 


propose to Expose the Vessel to Sale and out of such Sale to pay or 
otherwise satisfy the Balance due you by Mr Wand upon Account 
Current to the 1st March last with Interest from that date and upon 
such Settlement having your Obligation to adjust and make good 
any Error Mr Wand may point out therein We shall Insure £2000 
on the Ship for the Voyage Intended from Rotterdam to Petersburgh 
& London for further Security of ourselves and you. — 

On the 12th July 1771 Messrs Cowper received from Mr Wand 
the following Letter — Dated at Antigua the 31st May 1771 

Letter from Mr Wand to Messrs Cowper & Co Dated at Antigua 31st May 1771 

Gentlemen — I Expected some of yours here before now I hope 
the Ship Elizabeth is arrived safe with you long ago as Mr. Graham 
has acted with me very unbecoming the Honour of a Merchant in 
flying off from his Verbal Agreement and suffering my Bills to come 

back protested and even sending his own Account Sued for it 

which have put every Individual I owe a Shilling to do the same 
which layeth me under very severe hardships as our Agreement was 
to have him entirely paid off I beg you'd have it done to stop his 
proceedings here: I beg you would have the Ship Sold as I shall be 
obliged to draw Bills on you very soon but sliall be as careful of that 

as I can Inclosed you have Graham's Account he have Sued me 

for there is not the premium for Underwriting the Ship Charges which 

will be to be Added pray make no delay in sending out his Receipt 

The Sloop and Schooner is safe Arrived I wrote you off but desired 
your Wm to write you to prolong time to save the premium if possible 
but having a long passage I am afraid it could not be done with 

propriety the Crop is very bad here that most of the Ships will 

not get above half load — I shall write you more fully the next Ship and 
am in the Interim, &c. 

The Proceedings attributed to Mr. Graham and alluded to by 
this Letter were some steps that his Attorneys in Antigua had thought 
it prudent to take in order if possible to Compel payment of Mr. 
Graham's Balance, on percieving as they thought Wand's Insolvency 
Approaching — The Bills ment'd in this Letter to have been refused 
Acceptance by Graham are Bills which Wand without any Authority 
had drawn on him and which therefore of Course prudently de- 
clined to Accept. 

Notwithstanding Wand by his last Letter of the 31st May 1771 Re- 
peats and Confirms the Orders and Authority he had before given to 
Messrs Cowper for selling the Ship and paying off Mr Graham Yet 
it now appears that within 2 or 3 days afterwards he made a formal 


Assignment thereof to Mr Maitland to whom he stood Indebted, and 

by whom it is Imagined he was hard pressed This Assignment has 

been sent over to England and notified to Messrs Cowper & Co by Mr 
Maitland's Correspondent who have also Intimated their Intentions 
of Seizing and taking Possession of the Ship by Virtue thereof. 

The Ship is not yet returned from her Voyage to Petersburgh but 
is daily Expected — 

Messrs Cowper Sc Co have some small Demands, Incurred in re- 
spect of the Ship, which they Consider as a Lien thereon Mr. 

Graham requires them to sell the Ship on its arrival and to apply the 
produce according to their afs'd Engagement of the 12th of May 1771 
in Satisfaction of his Balance, which they are desirous of doing, if it 
can be done without Subjecting them to Ans'r for the produce to Mr 
Maitland whose Agents Insist that by the Assignment the Ship is now 
absolutely Vested in him and that they will act Accordingly — Wand 
is since become Insolvent 

Mr Graham and Messrs Cowper conceive. That a Ship as a mere 
personal Chattle is a Property of such kind as will pass by the mere 
Delivery of Possession in like manner as an Horse or any piece of 

Household Furniture without a formal Assignment in Writing That 

the Delivery of the Possession of the Ship to Messrs Cowper under 
the Circumstances before Stated Vested in them a property for 
special purposes Viz't To Sell, and apply the produce in satisfying 
Mr Graham's Balance — That such property is still vested in them 
is not to be destroyed or defeated by any Subsequent Act of Wands, 
and that they having Entred into an Engagement with Graham to 
sell at a time when they had full power from Wand to sell he Could 
not afterwards revoke such power after it had been in part Executed, 
and that therefore they are now at full liberty to perform in every 
respect their said Engagement of the 12th May 1771 Entred into by 
them to Mr Graham under Wand's Authorities to them. 

Q. [Question] 

You are therefore (on the behalf of Mr Graham and Messrs 
Cowper & Co) desired to Advise the latter how they should Conduct 
themselves on the Ships Arrival, And Whether they can proceed to 
sell the Ship and apply the produce in payment of Mr. Graham's 
Balance; Or, can Mr Maitland maintain an Action of Trover for the 
Ship or by any other proceeding, at Law, in Equity, or in the Court 
of Admiralty, Avail himself of the Assignment to him in such manner 
as to defeat Mr. Graham in Obtaining payment out of the produce 
of the Ship; Or, will Mr Maitland only be Intitled under his Assign- 


merit to come in lor what may remain of the produce after satisfying 
the Demand of Mr Graham & Messrs Cowper & Co. thereon. 

Opinion, written in a different hand. 

I think that under the Circumstances of this case Messrs Cowper 
& Co have a Lien on this Ship for the amount of the Engagements 
they have enter 'd into on Mr Wand's behalf & under his authority; & 
that Mr Maitland, whose Assignment can put him in no better Condi- 
tion than Wand himself was, can only claim the Ship subject to that 
Lien & has no right to take her out of the hands of Cowper & Co 
without discharging what is due to them including Mr Graham's 
balance: but as the assignment may be thought a revocation of any 
future Power over the ship from W and to Cowper & Co from the 
time they had notice of it a Purchaser may perhaps scruple to take 
the Ship without the concurrence of all Parties in the Sale It seems 
most adviseable therefore for Messrs Cowper & Co on the Ship's arrival 
to give notice to Mr Maitland that they are ready to give her up to 
him on being paid Mr Graham's Demand & their own, or to put 
her up to sale 2c [? one or two words] with him for the surplus of her 
Produce: And if neither of these Proposals are accepted their safest 
course will be to file a Bill in Equity to have the Claims of all Parties 
adjusted & the ship sold to satisfy them 

/s/ J. Dunning 
Lincoln's Inn 
9 Aug. 1771 


This document is a duplicate of item 834(8) except for the opinion which was 
written by a different Solicitor, John Madocks. Only the opinion is transcribed 
below, as follows: 

CASE [extracted] 

The legal property of the Ship is either in Messrs Cowper & Co. or 
in Maitland, for all Mr. Grahams claim is, to be paid out of the 
produce after she is sold, so that at most he can set up no other right 
than to a Trust for his benefit. The Ship was consigned to Messrs 
Cowper 8c Co as agents for Wand with directions to sell her. Whilst 
the orders were subsisting & before the Ship was sold a Bill of Sale of 
the Ship was made to Maitland, & I presume the grund [ground ?] 
bill of Sale originally made to Wand & in his Custody was delivered 
to Maitland. This put Maitland in the place of Wand. And as before 


the making of the bill of sale Wand had an authority to countermand 
the orders for Sale so after the Bill of Sale Maitland had the like 
authority & the sale being countermanded by his Agent I see no Im- 
pediment to Maitlands recovering the Ship in an action of Trover 
ag'st Messrs Cowper & Co upon a Tender of such Demand as they 
have a Lien upon the Vessel for. If Maitland can recover the possession 
of the Ship at Law, a Court of Equity will not Deprive him of his legal 
right unless he can be affected with Notice that the Ship was con- 
signed to Cowper &: Co upon Trust to sell & pay tlie produce to 
Graham in part of the Debt due from Wand to him, If Maitland can 
be affected with such Notice I think he cannot in Equity countermand 
the Sale & that a Court of Equity wo'd compell him to join in y[e] Sale 
to make a good Title to a purchaser. If there should be a Surplus after 
paying Graham Maitland wo'd be entitlled to it. 

/s/ John Madocks 

Lincl Inn 6 Aug't 1771 

(see the Back) 

Upon revising this Opinion & reconsidering this position, that 
Wand had an authority to countermand the Orders for Sale; upon 
which the whole point at Law depends I rather think that the orders 
were not countermandable. For if money is delivered to A. to be paid 
to B. in satisfaction of a Debt, the payment is not countermandable, 
which appears to be the opinion of the Court in Harris v. Revoice in 
2 Roll Rop 440, if B. agrees to receive it. And therefore it seems to 
me that a Court of Law can in an action of Trover look to the 
purposes for which the Ship was ordered to be sold (viz) to pay the 
produce to Graham, and an agreement afterwards being made that 
the Ship sho'd be sent to Petersburg!! & sold at her return, & this 
before any Countermand the special property of the ship for the 
purpose of selling her seems to me to remain with Cooper & that she 
cannot be recovered by Maitland in Trover. When slie is sold there 
is no doubt but the money belongs to Graham. 

/s/ John Madocks 

Linen Inn 13 Aug't 1771 


On the Thirtyeth day of September One thousand Seven hundred 
and Seventy one Before me David Ewart Notary Publick Sworn and 
Admitted dwelling in London Personally appeared William Lang 


Master of the Ship called the Elizabeth and declared that the said 
Ship being laden with Hemp Iron and Tallow at St. Petersburg 
Sailed from thence on the Ninth day of this instant September bound 
for London and that in the Course of such Voyage on the twenty third 
instant the said Ship being in Latitude fifty six degrees forty minutes 
North and Longitude Seven degrees twenty four minutes East from 
London was overtaken with a hard Gale of Wind from about East 
South East which continued for the Space of about twenty four hours 
during which time the Sea ran very high and the said Ship being 
mostly under close reefed Topsails — Shipped much water and 
Labored and made Water That afterwards the said Ship proceeded 
and arrived in the River of Thames and Came to her Moorings off the 
Redhouse Deptford on Saturday last and fearing damage may have 
happened to the said Ship and Cargo. Therefore he the said appearer 
Requested me Notary to protest as by these presents I do protest 
against the Seas and bad Weather for all Loss and damage happened 
to the said Ship and Cargo to be had and recovered in time and place 
convenient and further this appearer declared that at the time the 
said Ship Sailed from St. Petersburgh aforesaid she was tight Staunch 
and Strong had her Hatchways well Caulked and Covered and was 
well manned Tackled and provided with all things needful for such a 
Ship and Voyage That during the aforesaid bad weather the said Ships 
Crew constantly tryed her pumps and used their utmost endeavours 
to preserve the said Ship and Cargo from Damage So that what Loss 
and Damage hath happened to the said Ship and Cargo was intirely 
Occasioned by the means aforesaid and not thro' any insufficiency in 
the said Ship Neglect of him appearer or any of his Mariners Thus 
done and protested in London the day & Year aforesaid./. 

/s/ William Lang 
David Edwar Not. Pub. 

William Lang Master of the Ship Elizabeth in the aforegoing 
protest mentioned and John Davidson Chief Mate on board the said 
Ship during the Voyage aforesaid Severally make Oath that the 
Contents of the said Protest are in all points just and true./. 
/s/ Wm Nash /s/ William Lang 

Mayor /s/ John Davidson 


London 30th Oct. 1771 Capt Wm Lang's Protest for Demurrage Sec 


Ship Elizabeth 
On the Thirtieth day of October 1771 Before me David Ewart 
Notary Publick Sworn and admitted dwelling in London Personally 
appeared William Lang Master of the Ship Elizabeth and declared that 
by charter party dated the Seventeenth day of May last made between 
him appearer of the one part and Joshua Smith and Drummond 
Smith of London Merchant Freighters of the said ship of the other 
part for a voyage to Petersburgh and London The said Freighters did 
Covenant (amongst other things) that the said Ship should be dis- 
charged of her Cargo of Iron and Hemp at London in twenty running 
days or in default thereof that they would pay for her further deten- 
tion on Demorage ton days [lay days ?], Four pounds Sterling per day 
as by the same Charter party more fully appears And the said appearer 
further declared that the said ship was accordingly loaded at Peters- 
burgh with Iron & Hemp and arrived therewith and was reported at 
the Custom house London on the thirtieth day of September last But 
that altho' the twenty days limited for discharge and ten days allowed 
for her detention on Demerage are this day fully Run out and expired 
yet that gieat part of the said Ship's Cargo is not taken out and dis- 
charged by the said Freighters in breach of their Covenant above 
mentioned Whereupon I the said Notary did this day attend the 
said Master to the House of the said Freighters and there speaking 
to their Clerk did demand payment of Forty pounds for the said 
Demerage and also gave him notice that I was ordered and did protest 
for all Loss Costs Damages and Interest Suffered and to be suffered 
on account of the Matters aforesaid who answered that the said 
Messrs Smiths were not within and that he could not say any thing 
to the payment of said Demorage or about the Matters aforesaid 
Therefore Sec 

[unsigned copy] 


To the Kings most Excellent Majesty 

In council 

The H'ble Petition of Wm Lang Master of the Ship Elizabeth 
from St. Petersburg 

That your Petitioner received on board his said Ship in her said 
Voyage a cargo consisting of Iron Hemp & Tallow, upon Freight & 
fifteen Small bund'e of Narrow Linens for his own private account & 


four loose Bolts of Canvas for his Said Ships use the which Linens & 
Canvas your Petitioner Bought in a publick Shop at St. Petersburg 
as the manufacture of that City in or about the middle of July last & 
haveing seen the whole thereof measured & packed sent the same 
on board his said Ship at Cronstadt from whence he departed with 
her & her said cargo on the Seventh day of Sept'r last past & arrived at 
London & reported, at the custom House their, the thirteenth of the 
said month since which he hath unload on three fourths & upwards of 
said cargo 

That your petitioner on friday last received an order from the 
Officers of his Majestys Customs to proceed to Standgate Creek in 
order to Perform quarantine by reason of her haveing on board the 
said Linins and Canvas 

That as the said Linens & Canvas were bought in a publick Shop 
at St Petersburg as the manufacture of that place & no Epidemicall 
Distemper or other Contagous disorder had appeared their or in any 
other part of the Russian Dominions as far as your Petitioner knows 

during the time of being at St Petersburg & Cronstadt aforesaid 

And as the sending of your Petitioners said Ship which at the time 
of receiving Said order, was Stript — unmanned & in a great measure 
unriged to Standgate Creek will be attended with a Considerable & 
great Loss & detriment to your Petitioner & his Owner. 

Your Petitioner therefore most humbly prays your Majesty that 
his said Ship with the said Linins & canvas may be discharged from 
the order before mentioned or that your Petitioner may have such 
other relief as your Majesty in your great wisdom shall seem most 

And your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c kc kc 

/s/ W. L. 

William Lang Master of the Good Ship or Vessel call'd the Elizabeth 
arrived at London from St Petersburg maketh Oath that the Contents 
of the Petition annexed are in every particular thereof true & contain 
nothing but the truth as God shall help him this Deponant 
Sworn this 16th day of Dec 1771 before me in London 

W. L. 
Signed Wm Nash Mayor 

Note— there is a second copy of this petition in another hand. 




THE 17 DAY DEC'R 1771 


The Lords of His Majestys most Honorable Privy Council 

Whereas there was this day read at the Board the Humble jDetition 
of Wm Lang master of the Ship Elizabeth from St Petersburg!! now 
under Restraint of Quarentine in the River, setting forth; amongst 
other things, that the said Ships cargo when first arrived, consisted 
of Hemp, Iron, Tallow, fifteen small bundles of Narrow Linnens and 
four loose Bolts of Canvas for the Ships use. Which Linnens & Canvas 
the petitioner bought in a publick shop at Petersburgh, in July last, 
and Saw the Whole thereof measured and packed; That the Only 
part of the said ships cargo remaining on board consists of the follow- 
ing Articles viz't 

Hemp Linnen & Canvas Enumerated 

Iron Non Enumerated 

That by Order in council dated the 11th of this Instant, the said 
ship was directed forthwith to proceed to Standgate Creek to open & 
air her said goods for a fortnight, and at the Expiration of said time 
the Ship and her cargo to be discharged; That in Regard the Ship 
is Striped, Unmanned, and in a great Measure Unrigged, and that 
the Linnen & canvas was bought & packed at Petersburgh as afore- 
said, the petitioner humbly prays that the said ship with the Linnens 
and canvass may be discharged from the aforementioned Order in 
council or/or other Relief — Which petition together with an affidavit 
of the Master verifying the facts therein Stated, being taken into con- 
sideration. It is hereby ordered in Council that the said Hemp, 
Lennen & Canvass be taken out of the said ship Elizabeth, & put on 
board a Lighter or other proper Vessle to be by such Vesle taken down 
to Standgate Creek, and there Unpacked opened & aired for the 
space of a fortnight on board Such Lighter or the Lazarett or other 
pro}:>er Vessle, and at the Expiration of the said time that the said 
Lighter or Vessle together with the said Hemp, Linnen & Canvass 
be Discharged from Quarentine — 

And it is hereby further Ordered that the said ship Elizabeth to- 
gether with the said Iron be forth with Discharged from any farther 

Restraint on acct. of Quarentine And the Right Honorable the 

Lords Commissioners of His Majestys Treasiny and the Lords Commis- 


sioners of the Admiralty are to give the necessary Directions herein as 

to them may Respectively Appertain 

Signed Phil: Sharpe 

On the reverse side appears the following: 

Answer From the Lords of His Majestys Most Honorable Privy 
Council to the Petition of William Lang 17 Dec'r 1771 

Note — there are two copies of this document in this collection, one of which 
is marked: "A Copy". 


Copy of Minutes from the Elizabeths Log Book & of Jos'a Smith's 
Letter to Messrs Glen & Gilbert at St. Petersburg 

Also a statement of account including demurrage charges. This item is in poor 
condition and because the ink bled through the paper, It is very hard to read. A 
copy of the extract from the log book of the Elizabeth has been, apparently 
contemporaneously, copied on another sheet of paper, entitled: Abstract of Sundrys 
from Ship Elizabeths Logg Book. Accordingly, the log extracts will not be copied 
in this item (834(14)) but will appear in the next item, (834(15)). 

London 23d May 1771 
Messrs. Glen & Gilbert 
St Petersburg 


The Bearer of this will please God by Capt Lang Mast'r of the 
Elizabeth whom I have Freighted for your port and address by whom 
I have agreed by Charterparty You should load the following Goods 
in 35 running days after her arrival Viz't 250 Tons of Clean Hemp 
being part of the 1000 You purchased for me, also 110 Tons of Iron 
but this article not being for my Acco't I must beg leave to refer you 
to Mr. Gilbert who will write you particularly on that head. I recom- 
mend to your care Whatever concerns my Interest and that you will 
give the Ship the necessary dispatch. I remain with much respect & 
esteem Sir, your mo obt Serv't 

(signed) Joshua Smith 

On the first two pages appears the extracts from the log; on the back page, 
appears the following accounts: 

20th Oct to 12 Nov'r 22 days @ £ 4 per day 88 

12 Nov'r to 7 Jan'y 56 days @ 2 per week 160 248 

Allow 4 days to discharge Tallow 16 

Charges [? one word] to Standgate Creek 32 48 


200 [sic] 
a week det'd Pet'n King & Council Cr[?] 20 

Above is the principle on ■w[hic]h 
arbitration settle I suppose 190 

London 30 Sept'r 1771 
Joshua Smith Esq'r Com'y 

To Freight &c p[er] Elizabeth Lang a St. Petersburg 

tons [abbreviations for 3 columns 













Demurrage from 20 Oct 1771 to the 
7th Jany 1772 is 79 days @ £4 per day 





• 8- 


£ 865-8-4 


Abstract of Sundry Remarks from the Log Book of the Ship 
Elizabeth viz't Munday the 30th Sept'r 1771 Reported the Ship in 
the Customhouse 


3d — first Lighter came on board & same day delivered Into her 34 bales hemp 

4th— Delivered into a lighter sent by Mr Wm Raikes 
5 th- Do Do Do 

7th— Do Do Do 

15th— 2d Lighter came alongst Ships side, Delivered into her 
16- Do Do 

17th-3d Lighter Do Do Do 

18th- Do Do 

Ship Enters Upon Demurrage this day by charterparty 
20 th 
X . . . 21st Delivered the remaining part of Mr Raikes Tallow 
22d— 4th Lighter came alongst side delivered Into her 
23d Do Do 

25th-5th Lighter Do Do Do 

26th Do Do 

30th Protested against Joshua Smith the 10 Days of 

Demmrage conform to Charter party being Elapsed 
31st 6th Lighter came alongst side delivered Into her 

4tli 7th Lighter Do Do Do 

5 th Do Do 

11th 8th Lighter Do Do Do 

12 Do Do Do 

50 Casks Tallow 

80 Casks Do 

30 Casks Do 

7 Ba 

les hemp 










14 ba 

les hemp 







24 bales hemp 










at same time a surveyor came on board and Ordered to stop work 

12th Received Orders from the Customhouse to get the ship ready to proceed 
to Standgate Creek to perform Quarentine Immediately Sett about getting 
the Ship Rigged &c 
18th Obtained Orders from the Privy Council for the Ship not to Proceed to 

Standgate Creek 
20th Shipped 17 Small bundles of Linnens & 4 Bolts Canvass on board of the 

Ships Pinnace & sent them to Standgate Creek with 2 men 
21st Got the 9th Lighter alongst side and delivered into her 20 bales hemp 
23rd Do Do 13 Do 

24 th Do Do 15 Do 

Same day this Lighter put off from alongst side in order to proceed for 
Standgate Creek She haveing on board the Last of the Hemp 
Wednesday Dec'r 25th 1771 

About Six in the Evening there came a Lighter alongst the Ships side for the 

Iron but no Order from the Custom house. N. B. Mr. Powley (to whom 

the Iron belonged) had made his Entry of the Iron in the Customhouse in a 

Wrong name as if the Iron had been on board of another Ship. 

Decem'r 26th they took the above Lighter away from the Ships side 

31st at 5 In the Evening a Lighter came alongst side for the Iron 

1st Delivered Intf) said Lighter 1240 Barrs Iron 






2nd Lighter 









3d Lighter 




7 th 




ing the Last of the Ships Cargoe 




Mr Smiths observations concerning Capt Langs Demand for Demorage 

The Charterparty allows twenty days It is with difficulty a large Ship loaded 

to load the Cargo & the same time to with Hemp 8c Iron can receive & dis- 

unload charge her cargo in so short a time, even 

tho' there should be no obstruction, till 
last Year the lay days were thirty at each 
place & some few Ships ha\e been allow'd 
that number this Year. 

If the Ship is detained & there So large a Fleet of Ships were never 

should be a Quarentine the Charter- known to arrive together at any one time, 
party fixes the Demorage at £20 per which made it impossible to procure 

Week Lighters to discharge the Ships within 

the number of days limited by the 
Charterparty, it is well known the Ships 
were not detain'd for the convenience of 
the Merchant but from the necessity of 
getting Lighters at the time, in which 
case ought not the penalty of the Charter- 
party to be look'd upon, as the penalty of 
a Bond for reco\ering what Damage the 
Ship may have really sustained 


Capt Lang had Bale goods on board This Ship was intended to be sold as 

which was the sole reason of his Ship soon as her cargo was delivered, Capt Lang 
being ordered to Stangate Creek to in his Petition upon Oath to the Privy 
perform Quarcntine, his Ship being in Council says among other things, that his 
the condition described by his Oath, Ship was strip'd uiiman'd & in a great 

the prayer of his Petition was granted measure unrigged , so as not to be 

that he might be permitted to send his able to go to Sea, not even to Standgate 
cargo to Standgate Creek in Lighters Creek to perform Quarentine if what he 

to perform Quarentine has sworn be really true what Damage 

can this Ship have really sustained 

Mr. Smith having been obliged to send 
his Hemp to Standgate Creek at a very 
heavy expense & damage to the goods, 
who ought this expense to fall upon, being 
occasioned entirely by Capt Langs having 
Bale & Canvas goods on board for him- 
self or some other person which was not 
taken out of the Ship till the last day 

Under these circumstances it is submitted to your decision whether 
Capt Lang is entitled to any Denorage the Ship laying here for Sale 
at little or no Expense, and at whose charge & risk the Hemp was sent 
to Standgate Creek, the Hemp being sold on arrival Mr Smith lost 

one months Interest on the amount Mr Smith has enclosed a 

copy of Capt Langs Petition on Oath to the Privy Counsell 


KNOW ALL MEN by these presents that I Joshua Smith of 
the City of London Merchant am held and firmly bound to 
William Lang late Master of the Ship or Vessel called the 
Elizabeth in the penal Sum of Two Thousand Pounds of good 
and lawful money of great Britain 

The above is the beginning of a form executed by Joshua Smith binding him to 
arbitration for the settlement of claims arising out of demurrage on the ship 
Elizabeth as filed by her Captain William Lang. The form is printed, bears an im- 
pression of the Royal seal which shows a charge of one shilling. The form requires 
that the arbitration is binding on both parties and the award is to be announced 
in writing by the arbitrators by the 20th April 1772. The decision of the arbitrators 
"shall be made a Rule of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench at Westminster." The 
arbitrators named are: George Curling of Goodmans Fields London Merchant John 
Wilkinson of Thames Street London Broker and \\'illiam Greenwood of Queen 
Street London Merchant; the form prescribes that any two of them can make a 
determination. The document is signed by Joshua Smith and witnessed by John 
Winter. Dated 3 April 1772. 


To all to whom these presents shall come Greeting Whereas 


differences have arisen and are still depending between Joshua Smith 
of the City of London Merchant of the one part and William Lang 
Master of the Ship or Vessel called the Elizabeth of the other part 
For determination whereof they the said parties in difference did by 
Mutual Bonds of arbitration under their hands and seals bearing 
date the Third day of April One thousand Seven hundred and Seventy 
two become hold and firmly bound the either to the other in two 
thousands pounds Conditioned in all things well and truly to stand 
to obey abide observe perform fulfill and keep the award order 
arbitramont final end and determination of George Curling of Good- 
mans Fields London Merchant John Wilkinson of Thames Street 
London Broker and William Greenwood of Queen Street London 
Merchant or any two of them arbitrators indifferently elected and 
named as well on the part and behalf of the said Joshua Smith as of 
the said William Lang to arbitrate award order judge and determine 
of and concerning all and all manner of action and actions cause and 
causes of action Suits Bills Bonds Specialties Covenants Contracts 
promises Amounts Reckonings Sums of Money Judgments Executions 
Extents Quarrels Controversaries Trespasses damages and demands 
whatsoever both in Law and Equity at any time theretofore had been 
moved brought commenced Sued prosecuted Committed or depending 
by or between the said parties or either of them so as the said award 
of the said arbitrators or any two of them be made in writing under 
their hands and Seals or under the hands and Seals of any two of them 
ready to be delivered to the said parties in difference or such of them 
as shall desire the same on or before the Twentieth day of this instant 
April, as by the same Bonds more fully appear 

NOW KNOW YE that we the said George Curling and John 

Wilkinson having taken upon us the charge and Burthen 

of the said arbitration and having heard and Considered the several 
allegations of the said parties in difference relative to the matters 
aforesaid Do make and publish this our award of and concerning the 
premises in manner and form following (that is to say) We do by 
these presents award and order that the said Joshua Smith do and 
shall on the Sixteenth day of May next ensuing the date hereof 
between the hours of one and two of the Clock in the afternoon 
of the same day at the Office of David Ewart Notary Publick in 
Birchin Lane London Well and truly pay or Cause to be paid to the 
said William Lang the sum of One hundred and Eighty pounds of 
lawful Money of Great Britain for Demorage and [? torn, about four 
or five words] and besides the freight of [? torn, one or two words] 
Elizabeth agreeable to Charterparty and and we do [torn two or three 


words] and order that upon the payment aforesaid the said William 
Lang and Joshua Smith shall Mutually Execute and deliver to each 
other General Releases of all actions Suits claims and demands what- 
soever from the beginning of the World to the third day of this 
instant April In Witness whereof We the said George Curling and 
John Wilkinson — have to two parts of this our award (both of the 
same tenor and date) Severally Sett our hands and Seals the eighteenth 
— day of April One thousand Seven hundred and Seventy two./. 

/s/ Geo. Curling 
/s/ John Wilkinson 
Dealed and delivered 
in the presence of 

David Ewart Not.Pub. 


The John W'antl papers were gi\en to the Georgia Historical Society by Miss 

Margaret McLaughlin in 10 . What connection she or her family may have had 

with any of the people named in these papers or how the papers came into her pos- 
session is not known. There are numerous documents in the Chatham County Court 
Clerk's Office in the names of various people mentioned in the John Wand papers; 
whether they relate to the particular individuals named in the collection is not 
known. The Society has a list of citations to these documents. For those who may be 
interested, this list will provide a point of departure for further research. 


John Houstoun Esqr. 

24 Sept'r 1773 
D'r John 

I find I cannot be in Town next week as I intended I have not 
been well since I came here & cannot under take the Journey just 
now especially as the roads are very bad. Douglass's behaviour when 
I was in Town I think had more the appearance of a design to retard, 
than to bring matters to a conclusion Therefore unless he will give 
you such assurances as you can firmly rely ujx)n that it is his serious 
intention to end the affair in the manner he proposed I will be 
obliged to you if you will prosecute the suit in the way that will 
determine it with the most despatch for I am heartily tired of it 

If you can depend upon Douglass I shall be glad to have the affair 
settled by arbitration in that case appoint the time that will be most 
convenient for Mr. Young & acquaint me of it & I will be Town I 


have desired Mr Young to let you know his Time I would not clioose 
to go to Town before the 20th of next month 

I have not yet been able to go to your Plantation I shall go & see 
what they are about tomorrow or next day, If Douglass will not assu[re] 
to prolong the time for the arbitrators to make their award or to the 
same terms of payment as formerly let the suit go on. I doubt much 
if he had any other intention when he proposed the arbitration than 
to put me off a little longer 

I am D'r Br' Yours Affect'y 
/s/ Pat Houstoun 

Get some of your friends in the House to 
make an excuse for me if I am missed 

On the reverse side: 

Sir Pat. Houstoun Bar't 24th Sep'r 1773 to John Houston. [In 
addition, there is an inscription as follows: I. K. T. June 25/35; indi- 
cating that I. K. Tefft added this item to his collection of autographs 
25 June 1835. This is one of several of Tefft's large collection which 
have come to the Georgia Historical Society. Tefft was the Society's 
long-time Corresponding Secretary.] 


EXTRACT of Writ. 

GEORGIA George the Third, To the Provost-Marshal 

of our Province of Georgia We command you that you 

cause to be made of the Goods and Chattels, Lands and Tenements, 
of Henry Yonge Junior one of the Attornies of our General Court 
otherwise called Henry Yonge the Younger of Savannah in the 
Province of Georgia Esquire as well as a certain Debt of Four Hundred 
and Twenty Pounds lawful Money of our Province aforesaid which 
Stephen Britton lately in our General Court, before our Justices at 
Savannah, recovered against him as seven pounds Eleven Shillings & 
Eight pence which the said Stephen in our said Court were adjudged 
for his Damages which he hath sustained by reason of detaining that 
Debt, and have you that Money before our Justices at Savannah, on 
the first Tuesday in December next, to render to the said Stephen for 
his said Debt and Damages, whereof the said Henry is convicted: And 
have there this Writ. Witness Anthony Stokes Esquire our Chief 


Justice at Savannah, the Twenty second Day of September 

[1775] . 

/s/ W. Young Atty for P[laintiff ?] 
Issued 26 Sept 1775 


Mr. Pendleton requests Mr. Clay and Mr. Stephens will please 
give their Opinion on the following questions 

1. Considering the nature and terms of the agreement between 
Mrs. Charlotte Pierce and the proponent, whether the Executing 8c 
delivering Titles to the Lot No 9 with usual covenants, and a general 
Warranty accompanied by Possession, and such titles Deeds as Mr. 
Pierce has relating thereto is not a compliance with the terms thereof 
by Mr. P. ? 

2. Whether under the circumstances of this case, Mrs. Pierce is 
not safe in accepting the Titles now offered Considering that there is 
only an Equity of redemption on a mortgage forfeited, so long ago as 
the 1 of April 1774, whereon £700 is due, and that Equity of Redemp- 
tion in the State? There was a report of Committee, that this mortgage 
should be cancelled, which was not acted on by the House of Assembly. 
Last Session there was another report of a Committee agreed to by 
the Lower House but not sent to the Senate, from some neglect The 
next Assembly will certainly do it. Mr. P. submits to mortgage 11 
negroes to Mrs. P. and give her his Bond to secure her in this 

Unsigned and undated; probably Chatham County. 

648-Folder 367(1) 

KNOW ALL MEN by these presents that I Peter Regan of 
London Mariner Have made ordained Constituted and appointed 

and by these presents do make and appoint Richard 

Leake of Savannah in the Province of Georgia merchant my true 
and Lawful attorney for me the said Constituent and in my name 
and behalf and for my use To ask Demand Sue for Recover and Re- 
ceive of and from James Habersham Junior of Savannah aforesaid 
Merchant his Heirs Executors administrators or whom Else it may 
Concern all and Singular Such Sum and Sums of money due and 
to grow due to me the said Constituent by Virtue of one Certain 
Promissary Note duly Subscribed by the said James Habersham Junior 


payable to me the said Peter Regan or order, on Demand Dated 
Savanah in Georgia 3th July 1775 for the Sum of one hundred and 
forty Seven pounds thirteen shillings and five pence Current money 

of the said province [one and one half page of redundant 

wording omitted] In Witness whereof I the said Peter Regan 

have hereunto Set my hand and Seal the fourteenth day of March 

one thousand Seven hundred and Eighty. 

Sealed and Delivered) /s/ Peter Regan 

in the presence of ) 

/s/ Will'm Simpson 

/s/ Wilson Forster Not Pub 


Richard Howley, Esquire 

Queensborough [Georgia] 
June 9th, 1782 

Upon Mr. Campbells receiving a Letter the other day from Mr. 
McQueen informing him of the situation of liis affairs at Augusta, 
at tlie same time telling him how much lie was indebted to you, for 
your Friendly interposition in his favor, at the meeting of the 
assembly; induced me Sir to leave Town in expectation of seeing you 
at Mr. McQueens, where I might in his name as well as my own, have 
thanked you — personally for your goodness: but not having that 
pleasure, permit me Sir, by Letter to express to you our great sense 
of the services you have rendered us: and tho I am well persuaded you 
did nothing but what you thought just and right, yet there are so few 
that think of the absent sufferers; that I cannot sufficiently express to 
you, my true idea of your goodness and generosity — Mr. Campbell 
was on the list to be sent out with the last from Town; but Doctor 
Garden & Baron, relating his situation to the Commandant, that if he 
was to leave Town at this season of the year, it would be fatal to 
him; & therefore upon that footing, he got leave to stay a little 

I have the lionor to be, 


Your most obedient servant 

/s/ Sarah Campbell. 

Richard Howley was a Reprostiitaiive in the Coiitiiieiilal Congress at this time. 



This collection consists of five petitions to the Chief Justice of Georgia, George 
Walton, and the Assistant Judges for the County of Chatham. Some of these are 
printed forms, filled in, others are entirely manuscript. All are signed by George 
Walton as Chief Justice; some show Jury findings; and all originated in Chatham 
County Superior Court. Each petition is extracted below, giving the names ot 
individuals concerned and pertinent facts. 


Plaintiff (Petitioner): Jonathan Clarke. Plaintiff's attorney: Jackson. 

Defendants: James Field, Alexander Allison, John Spencer and 
Lachlan Mcintosh. 

Cause: " by their certain writing obligatory and sealed 

with their seals dated [the 28 September 1782] acknowledged 

themselves held and firmly bound and obliged unto 

Shilby Jones of North Carolina in the sum of 

[£499-6-8] in specie Dollars [to be paid on request] 

he the said Shilby to wit at Savannah assigned over 

the said writing obligatory to your petitioner. Yet 

after requested [the plaintiffs] have not nor hath 

either of them paid the same to his damage ten pounds specie. 

Other signatures appearing: E. Lloyd, C.C. receipting for document 

12 Febry 1783 

Action: "Let process issue", /s/ Geo. Walton, Chf Justice 


Plaintiff: Noble Wimberly Jones. Plaintiff's attorney: Jackson. 

Defendant: Ellenor Patton. 

Cause: " indebted to your petitioner for three years rent 

of a certain Messuage or Tenement in the Town of Savannah 
equal to three hundred pounds specie Yet altho often requested 
she the said Ellenor Patton hath refused and still doth refuse to 
pay the same to the damage of your petitioner six hundred 
pounds specie." 

Other signatures: E. Lloyd, C.C.C. receipted for document 

2 February 1783. 

Action: "Let process issue" /s/ Geo Walton Chf Justice 

Jury findings: "We find for the Plaintiif One Hundred and Twenty 
five pounds for fifteen Months rent, ^vith cost of suit." 

/s/ Rich'd Murray fore Man 



Plaintiff: Mary Lancaster, administratrix of estate of Charles Cope who 
died intestate, and her husband, Jeremiah Lancaster. 

Plaintiff's attorney: Pendleton, signed Sept'r 13th 1783. 

Defendant: Lewis Cope, of Chatham County. 

Cause: " that Lewis Cope on the twenty third 

day of november one thousand seven hundred and Seventy eight 
was indebted to the said Charles in his life time. Thirty six 
poimds six shillings, and one half penny, for sundry butchers 
meat, and money lent, delivered to the Said Lewis at his Special 
instance and request. In consideration of which, the said Lewis 
undertook and faithfully promised to pay the said sum of 
[£36-6-01/9] whenever the said Lewis should be re- 
quested tho' often requested, hath not paid the 

said Charles in his life time nor your Petitioner since his death 
to the damage of your Petitioner Thirty pounds 

No further actions shown. 


Plaintiffs: Peter Wikoff and Isaac Wikoff. Plaintiffs' attorney: W 

Stephens, dated 16th Sep'r 1783 
Defendant: Peter Taarling, administrator of the estate of Jonathan 

Cause: Plaintiff "is indebted to your Petitioner in the sum of Four 

Hundred Dollars on a Bill of Ecchange, or order 

drawn by the said Jonathan in his life time, on the Twentieth 
day of September in the year of our Lord one Thousand Seven 
Hundred and Seventy Seven, in favor of Your Petitioners on John 

Wereat Esqr which he refused to pay to the damage 

of your petitioner One Hundred pounds specie." 
Other signatures: Edw'd Lloyd CCC, receipted 16th Sept'r 1783 
Action: "Let process issue" /s/ Geo Walton Chf Justice 
Jury findings: "We find for the Plaintiff the sum of seventy two 
pounds two Shillings and sixpence three farthings specie with 
cost of suit, /s/ Rich'd D Murray 



Plaintiff: Mathias Ash. Plaintiff's attorney: W. Stephens dated 5th 
Sept'r 1783 

Defendant: Francis Paris of Chatham County. 

Cause: Defendant "is indebted in the sum of Thirty Nine 

pounds, eight Shillings Specie, on a note of hand bearing date 
the eleventh day of December, one thousand seven hundred and 
eighty two, and which the said Francis, hath frequently refused 
to pay, although requested so to do by the said Mathias, To his 
damage Eighty pounds Specie. 

Other signatures: Edw Lloyd, SCC, receipted 6 Sept 1783. 

Action: "Let Process issue" /s/ Geo Walton Chf. Justice 

On the reverse is this statement: "I confess Judgment for Forty one 
pounds fifteen Shillings and four pence Specie with costs of suit 
and stay of execution until the first Monday March next. 

/s/ Franc Paris 

648-Folder 367(2) 

Extract and summary of letters dismissory in Probate Court. 

By Thomas Baker, Register of Probates, Liberty County, Georgia. 

Administration of the estate of Clement Martin the Elder who dies 
intestate. Richard Leake appointed Administrator by Thomas Baker 
on 2 July 1783. The legal requirements having and the Administrator 
requests "final Dismission", Register Baker grants "unto the said 
Administrator final and absolute Dismission." Dated 11 May 1785. 


By Thomas Baker Register of Probates for the County of Liberty 
and State aforesaid. Thomas Baker R. P. To all whom these Presents 
shall come Greeting 

Whereas Administration of all and singular the goods and Chattels, 
Rights & Rights of Clement Martin the Elder, deceased, who died 
Intestate was by me granted unto Richard Leake on the Second Day 
of July Anno Domini, one Thousand seven Hundred and Eighty three, 
And whereas the said Richard Leake by his Petition bearing Date the 
22d December 1784, represented to me that agreeable to the Powers 
derived to him from me, he had in due Form of Law, administered 
and disposed of the Goods, and Chattels of the said Deceased, which 


had come to his hands, and humbly pray'd that a Day might be ap 
pointed for receiving the Accounts of his Administration, and auditing 
the Same, to the end that he might obtain Letters dismissory, and be 
legally discharged therefrom; WHEREUPON a Citation was issued 
from me as Register aforesaid bearing date the third Day of January 
last past, citing, and admonishing all singular the Creditors, next of 
Kin, and all others any ways interested in the Estate of the said 
Clement Marten the Elder, deceased, to be and appear before me at 
my Office on the thirteenth of Jan'y following to shew Cause if any 
they could why the Accounts of the said Administrator, of his Ad- 
ministration should not be allowed, and passed, and he be finally 
dismissed, and discharged of all Suits, and Demands whatsoever in 
the said Court concerning the Same, AND WHEREAS the said Cita- 
tion was duly published in the said County from the date thereof 
until the Time prescribed AND WHEREAS no Caveat was entered 
against the passing of the said Accounts nor did any Person whatsoever 
appear to oppose or contest the Same, AND WHEREAS an Affidavit 
respecting the Estate of the Deceased; and also the Accounts of Sale 
of the said Estate and the proceedings thereon had by the said Ad- 
ministrator; were this day laid before me, with an humble Request 
that I would be pleased to audit the Same and grant the said Ad- 
ministrator final Dismission thereof AND WHEREAS I have duly 
and carefully examined all the said several Accounts, Vouchers, and 
the Matters exhibited by the Party aforesaid, and having taken the 
Same under serious Consideration, and being fully satisfied of the 
Truth, and Authority of the several Vouchers, produced; And that 
the Goods, Rights, & Credits of the said Clement Marten the Elder, 
which came to the hands of the said Richard Leake have been duly 
administered and disposed of, I do THEREFORE by these Presents, 
by virtue of the Power, and Authority, to me Delegated grant unto 
the said Administrator final and absolute Dismission of, and from the 
said Administration, and all Accounts, Reckonings, and Demands 
relating thereunto, in so far as the Same may in any wise be Cognizable 

by this Court. 

IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF I have hereunto set my Hand and 
Seal at my Office the Eleventh Day of May in the ninth Year of the 
Independence of the United States of America, and in the Year of 
our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred & Eighty five. 

Signature and seal on this document appear at the beginning. 


648-Folder 433(2) 

The H'ble Jacob Reed 

Philadelphia ye 24th of X'"^ 1783 

having been formerly settled in South Carolina & Shared with 
many other Good Citizens the Dreadful Havock which War has 
Spread there before & after the Surrender of that State, I do Reach 
elow [?] the moment that will Compleat our Ruin or Recall Sc Save the 
Sole [?] of our Properties not Destroyed by the Enemies, which Some 
People Endeavours in this time to keep Wrongfully. 

Mrs. De Buffy my Wife impowered by me, is gone to Charleston, 
nine weeks ago on order to make a Gurridick [?] reclamation for the 
Same under Messrs Ax'der [Alexander] Moultrie Sc Piqueny's Auspices: 
They Both have already acknowledged the Legitimacy of our Claims 
which they Presumes to Establish Triumphantly in the Court of 
Chancellary; nevertheless, to inlighten & Strengthen their Defences 
Some more Eclaircissements are Wanting; You May alone, Sir, afford 
those Satisfactory Lights as having been the Publick Officer who Drew 
up the first Original tittle that Ascertains our propriety, this is the 
Ground of the Letter Which I have the honour to Write you being 
firmly Convinced that you would not refuse me Every Notion on the 
Matter that Lays in your Power. 

I beg, Sir, you Would be pleased to Call to your Mind a Certain 
house known in Charlestown under Sarazin's Corner's Denomination 
which James Leesson Merch. of the Same City Sold Sometime in the 
year 1779 to Madame Magdaline Beaulieu a Widow, Whom 
I Married Little While after, this house having been intirely Paid 
to James Leesson, then I Sold it by a Peculiar instrument of Writing 
under My own hand to a Certain French Merch't called Laffiteau 
Gimon for the Sum of 40000 # Livres tournois to be paid at the Cessa- 
tion of Hostilities, & 2000# livres tour's interest, payable Every Year 
till the Epocha of Peace. This Indenture Expressing & bearing Es- 
pecially a Mortgage upon the Said house for our Security, has been 
Recorded by me in the Publick Registers of M. Georges Sheed's office; 
but unhappily, Guided by an inconsiderate honesty, & not being 
acquainted with the laws of the Country, when I Sold the 
Said house to Laffiteau Gimon I have Delivered to him every titles & 
quittances Belonging thereof. Because We Blindly Thought this De- 
livery Was a Necessary form in Selling Whatever propriety, Though not 
yet Paid, a few months after this, the Said James Leesson First Vendor, 
who had observed our Good Faith & imprudence, & Consequently 


Meditating Some Knavish trick, Went to treat with Laffiteau Gimon 
about Buying again the Said house. Though he knews perfectly Well 
we had not yet Received a single farding farthing for it. it is fully 
acknowledged to day that Leffiteau is a rogue & by all means not able 
to Pay, So we Claim our propriety in virtue of its Mortgage Duly 
registered, & we would been already restored in possession of it without 
the Less Difficulty, had we not parted with our firm Title made by 
James Leesson to Madame Beaulieu which (as I told you before) we 
Delivered to Laffiteau, & which is Missing now. 

as I Know that the Said Leesson recurred Likewise to your Ministry 
for transacting this Business between Laffiteau & himself, I do intreat 
ou Most earnestly that you Would Endeavour to recollect Every Point 
you May be acquainted With in regard of this last operation, to know 
where Laffiteau has Lodged the First Original Indenture & quittances 
he received from me, is a Matter of Great importance to us; So, there 
Follows the Particulars which Messrs. Moultrie & Piqueny Request you 
to relate if Possible. 

1°. What Kind of Settlement has Laffiteau Gimon made with 
James Leesson? 

2°. has James Leesson required from Laffiteau the Remitment of 
all the tittles & quittances Given formerly by him (J'as Leesson) to 
Mad'mc Beaulieu} has the return of those Papers realy been effectu- 
ated? — this point, if true, would prouve Extorsion. 

3°. in What Manner is the obligation from Leesson to Laffiteau for 
the said house Stipulated 

4°. Supposing We could not Succeed in the recovering of Mad'e 
Beaulieu's first indenture, could you Certify that this Missing Tittle 
has been Lawfully Draw by you. When James Leesson sold first his 
house to the said Mad'e Beaulieu? 

I hope. Sir, you Would condescend to my Prayer & that you Will be 
pleased to honnour me with your Satisfactory answer on every desired 
points; it will be the Greatest Service confer'd on honest & suffering 
Persons whose heart shall be Thankful for ever. 

I remain most respectfully. Sir, Your most obedient & very humble 

/s/ Le Droit de Buffy 
at Lt. Coll. Wm. Will Esq. in Second Street 



KNOW ALL MEN by these presents that we Henry Putnam and 
Nathaniel Brownson are held and firmly bound unto Anthoney Walton 
White and Raymond Demere Esquires their executors, administrators 
or assigns in the full and Just sum of thirteen thousand pounds lawful 
money of the said State for the payment of which we bind ourselfes, our 
heirs, executors and administrators firmly by these presents. Sealed 
with our seal and dated this eighth day of July one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty five — 

The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bound 
Henry Putnam and Nathaniel Brownson their heirs, executors or ad- 
ministrators, shall Save and keep harmless the above mentioned 
Anthoney Walton White and Raymond Demere their heirs, executors 
and administrators from a Judgment obtained ag'st the said Anthoney 
Walton White and Raymond Demere in March court last in the 
County of Chatham at the suit of the Governor of the said State for 
the Sum of three hundred and twenty poinids Sterling, being the 
interest of a bond passed by the Said Anthoney Walton White and 
Raymond Demere to the Governor or his Successor in office for the 
undivided half of the Island of St. Catherine, so as that the property 
of the said Anth'y Walton White and Raymond Demere, or either of 
their heirs, executors or administrators should not be levied on or 

Sold under the Said execution AS ALSO that the Said Anthoney 

Walton White and Raymond Demere or either of them, or either of 
their heirs, executors or administrators should never after be put to 
any expence for the principal or interest of the said undivided half 
of the Island of St. Catherine for the payment of which the said 
Anthoney Walton White and Raymond Demere passed their bond 
to the Governor of the said State — then and in that case this obliga- 
tion to be void, and of no effect, otherwise to remain of full force and 


/s/ Henry Putnam 
/s/ N. Brownson 
Sealed and delivered in the 
presence of 
/s/ James Meriwether 
/s/ J. Hammond 



This item is a standard (for that time) form for posting a bond. William 
Gibbons, Jr., is bound to pay John McCullough the "full and just sum of Eighty 
five Pounds Stg. in sound money or good rice at the sound money price." There 
are terms and conditions which extend the payment period from the date of the 
instrument (the thirtieth of July 1789) to the first of January 1796. This considera- 
tion is in payment for "a Mulatto Girl named Sal." The instrument is witnessed by 
Jacob Cohen. Both principles are identified as of Chatham County. 


Wm. Hasell Gibbs 

Bon aventure 11th May 1789 
Dear Sir, 

I did myself the pleasure to address you a few weeks past on the 
subject of Mrs. Tattnalls property in the Court of Chancery and re- 
quested your opinion of the time I should expect the interest to be 
paid that is due upon the several sums ordered her by the Court: I 
find calculating the amount of the annuity previous to marriage, and 
the interest the Sum accrueing to be upwards of £1000, this being 
[? indistinct] the interest due Mrs. T. I presume there cannot be any 
objection on the part of the Court to the discharge of it. Conceiving 
this to be the case I have made several contracts of no small advantage 
to my family [?] in this place, relying upon assistance from that quarter 
to enable me to compleat them fully. Of this number is one with 
Capt. Muntford of Savannah, and to whom Mrs. T. & myself have 
given a draft for £120. Should the [? indistinct] agreeable to the first 
installment enable you to answer the same or the part of the Court 
[?] it will be obliging us very materially [?]: if not immediately in the 
course of a little time, it may probably answer the end: the purchase 
I have made is of a Lot of Land that is an object with my family, if 
it is in your power to oblige us on this point, it will be an accommoda- 
tion of some [?] moment — I am Dr. Sir, Your most obedt servt 

/s/ Josiah Tattnall Jun'r 

The above is a negatixe photocopy, quite indistinct in places. 

648-Folder 433(5) 

Jacob Read, Esqr 

Beaufort 11th August 1789 
Dear Sir, 

Being only recovering from a severe fit of illness and weak, I can 


give but a short answer to your letter; — I can only say that Mr. 
Leeson was paid by myself — and his receipt in full taken, he sued 
Mr. William Carson when the British were here, as Executor to Dr. 

Carson, but was cast at the board of Police 

/s/ Jas. Stuart 

On the reverse side, the following: 

Thomas Winstanly Esqr 
Attorney at Law 
to be left at ) 
Jacob Read Esqr) 

11 Aug 1789 
Jas Stuart Esqr respecting 
Acct. of Joseph Leeson 




(Extract from "A Treatice on the Mulberry tree & silk worm, and 
on the production and manufacture of Silk. By John Clarke. Phila. 

"In the early settlement of Georgia, in the year 1732, a piece of 
ground belonging to Government was allotted as a mulberry planta- 
tion for white mulberry trees. Lands were, also granted to settlers on 
condition that they planted 100 white mulberry trees on every ten 
acres when cleared, and ten years were allowed for their cultivation. 
Trees, seed, and the eggs of the silk worm were sent over by the 
Colonial Trustees; and Episcopal Clergyman and a native of Pied- 
mont were engaged to instruct the people in the art of rearing the 
silk worms and rearing the silk. (In order to preserve the spirit of the 
silk culture, and to keep the views of government present before the 
people, the public seal had, on one side of it, a representation of silk 
worms, with this appropriate motto, "Non Sibi, sed Aliis, not for our- 
selves, but others." McCall's Hist, of Georgia, Vol. 1, pp. 22, 29) By 
the manuscript Record of those Colonial Trustees it appears that the 
first silk received from Georgia was in the year 1735, when eight pounds 


of raw silk were exported from Savannah to England, where it was 
woven & presented to the Queen. It apj^earing desirable to the 
Government that the home consumption of raw silk should be supplied 
from the Colonies, rather than be dependant on foreign states, an act 
was passed in 1749 for encouraging the growth of Colonial silk, under 
the provisions of which all that was certified to be the production of 
Georgia and Carolina was exempted, on im|X)rtation, from the pay- 
ment of duty. A bounty was also offered for the production of silk. 

In a collection of Essays published by Dr. Jacob Elliot of Hilling- 
worth, Connecticut, we find many interesting particulars in relation 
to the early introduction of silk culture in America. From his writings 
we learn that, under the administration of Gen'l Oglethorpe, Georgia 
first embarked in the pursuit. He says, By a late account from 
Georgia it appears that the silk manufactory is in a flourishing way. 
In the year 1757, the weight of the silk balls (cocoons) received at the 
filature was only 1052 pounds; the last year produced 7040 pounds, and 
it is very remarkable that the rare silk imported from Georgia, sells 
in London from two to three shillings more than that from any other 
part of the world." — At the time when Mr. Elliot wrote, 1759, Georgia 
was increasing in the silk business. A severe loss was sustained by 
those who had embarked in this enterprize in Georgia in the year 
1758, by the filature and store house taking fire and being consumed, 
together with a quantity of raw silk, and eight thousand weight of 
cocoons. The quantity destroyed enables us to form some judgement 
relative to the success of the silk business at that early day. Mr. Elliot 
says that in the year when his Essay was written, those who had given 
their attention to the production of silk, informed him that "it was 
more profitable than any other ordinary business." 

It appears from other authorities that the filature was erected in 
1757, by order of the Colonial Trustees. The exports of silk from 
1750 to 1754 amounted to the value of $8880. In 1757 one thousand 
and fifty pounds of raw silk were received at the filature. In the year 
1759 the Colony exported upwards of 10,000 weight of raw silk. Ac- 
cording to an official statement of William Brown, controller of the 
customs of Savannah, 8829 pounds of raw silk were exported between 
the years 1755 and 1772, inclusive. The last parcel brought for sale to 
Savannah was in the year 1790, when upwards of 200 weight were 
purchased for exportation at from 18 shillings to 26 shillings per 
pound. "There is no doubt that the cotton plant proved so ad- 
vantageous to the planters in Georgia as to become, at the period 
when the bounty was suspended, a superior temptation." ("A paper 
was laid before the Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, by about 


forty eminent silk throwsters and weavers, declaring that having 
examined a parcel of about 300 lbs of Georgia raw silk imported in 
February last, they found the nature and texture of it truly good, 
the colour beautiful, the thread even and clean as the best Piedmint, 
and capable of being worked with less waste than China silk." — 
London Magazine for 1755) 

The silk culture, it is asserted, commenced in South Carolina about 
the same time, 1732, as in Georgia, and began at once to be, as it 
should be, a fashionable occupation. The Ladies of South Carolina 
("In the year 1755 Mrs. Pinckney, the same Lady who about ten years 
before, had introduced the Indigo plant into South Carolina, took with 
her to England a quantity of excellent silk, which she had raised and 
spun in the vicinity of Charleston, sufficient to make three dresses; 
one of them was presented to the Princess Dowager of Wales, and 
another to Lord Chesterfield. They were allowed to be equal to any 
silk ever imported. The third dress, now (1809) in Charleston, in the 
possession of her daughter, Mrs Horry, is remarkable for its beauty, 
firmness, and strength" Ramsay's Hist, of So. Carolina, V. 1. p. 221.) 
hesitated not to devote their attention to what had, from time im- 
memorial, constituted the case of a long line of Empresses of the 
Celestial Empire. Though the quantity of silk produced, during the 
first epock of its culture in Carolina was small (in the years 1742, 
1748, 1749, 1750, 1753, 1755. - Dodsley's Annual Register, 1761.-), 
yet we have the highly credible testimony of the celebrated Sir 
Thomas Lamb that its quality was excellent, & equal to any pro- 
duced in Italy, ("An impartial inquiry into the State of Georgia. 
Lond. 1741. p. 79.) 


The Trustees proceeded as vigorously as it was possible in the 
execution of every part of their scheme; and, having, with such un- 
wearied diligence, provided for the settlement of a new colony, and 
for the security of its frontiers, they began next to employ their skill 
and pains to promote all kinds of improvements; and were especially 
solicitous to obtain from thence some specimens of the possibility of 
raising in that country the commodities that were expected from it. 
They very well knew that this required hard labour, and that nothing 
had accrued to Great Britain, worth speaking of, from any of the 


Colonies in America in many years longer than this colony of Georgia 
had been made, But, on the other hand, they also knew that the 
English nation was naturally impatient; that great sums of money had 
been issued for the service of this Colony; that great expectations 
were had of it; and that, if nothing soon appeared, however certain 
in themselves, and just in their nature, no excuses would prevail. 
They therefore, recommended it to their servants in Georgia to use 
their utmost skill & diligence in promoting the culture of mulberry 
trees & silk, so that it might be, at least, demonstrated that they were 
not deceived in their exjDectations; but that in due time, and with 
reasonable encouragement, the nation might hope to see a full return 
in that commodity For the expence she had been, and must be, at in 
bringing the colony of Georgia to perfection. For they persuaded 
themselves that, from the methods they had used in sending over 
higher persons for the management of that business, their demands, 
with a due degree of care and diligence in their servants, might be 
answered, which would afford them an answer to all objections. 

A parcel of raw silk was accordingly bought this year (1738) from 
Georgia, by Mr. Samuel Augspourger, who made an affidavit, before 
a Master in chancery that he received it from the hands of Mr Thomas 
Jones, the Trustees' Store keeper at Savannah, who told him it was 
the produce of Georgia. And the said Samuel Augspourger, who 
resided in the southern part of the Province, said that when at 
Savannah he saw the Italian family there winding off silk from the 
cocoons. The silk was shewed at the Trustees' office to Mr. John 
Zachary, an eminent raw silk merchant, and Mr Booth, one of the 
greatest silk weavers in England, who declared that it was as fine as 
any Italian Silk, and it was worth, at least, twenty shillings a pound. 
(Harris's Voyages, Vol, II. page 336.). 

SILK "On the 2d of Apr. 1735 was landed from on board the 
James, Capt. Yoakley, from Georgia directly, a trunk w'h raw silk, 
which was deposited in the King's warehouse at the Custom House. 
Next day the Commissioners of his Majesty's Customs had the 
curiosity to view the same, & were mightily pleased to see such fine 
specimens of raw silk raised in his Majesty's dominions. After which 
they ordered it to be del'd to the Trustees for establish that Colony, 
The silk consisted of 3 sorts, ordinary, fine, & superfine. The worms 
had been carried over & taken care of; & the silk wound up accordly 
to the best Italian manner by some Piedmontese, who had been sent 
over for that purpose at the expence of the Trustees. The same ship 
bro't over from that Plantation 1000 weight of Rice; besides several 
other commodities, wh'ch shews that they have made a most extra- 


ordinary progress, considering the short time they liave Jjeen settled." 
(Pohtical State, XLIX. p. 458). The silk arrived sometime ago from 
Georgia has been organized by Sir Tho. Lambe's engine, at Darby, 
from whence the Trustees had the following accounts from Sr. 
Thomas — "The silk proves exceedingly good thro all the o}:>erat'ns" 
&c The silk after pass'g thro' the proper manufacture at these mills, was 
sent up to London, and on the 18th of Aug't 1735 the Trustees, 
accompanied by Sir Tho. Lambe waited on her Majesty & shewed her 
the same and her Majesty was pleased to express great satisfact'n at 
learning that a British Colony had produced such fine silk, & chose, 
at the same time a most beautiful pattern according, to which it is 
to be WTought up into a piece for her Majesty's use." (ib. L. p. 241) 
under the date of November 1735 

on the 2 1st of September some of the Trustees, with Sr Tho. 
Lambe, & Mr Booth, the silk weaver, waited on her Majesty with a 
piece of silk the produce of Georgia, fe manufactured in England, 
which her Majesty rec'd most graciously, and was pleased to express 
a gieat satisfaction at the beauty & fineness of the silk, the richness 
of the pattern, & at seeing so early a product of that Colony. And as a 
further testimony of her satisfaction both w'th the produce and the 
manufacture, her Majesty ordered a suit of clothes for her own wear 
to be made up immediately out of that piece, in which she appeared 
on his Majesty's birth day last. (Polit State L. p. 469). 

"The Merchant hence the unwrought silk imports. 
To which we owe the attire of Queen & Courts." 

"New Voyage &c p. 61. 

Mr Moore, giving a description of Savannah in Febry 1735, re- 
marks. In the Squares between the walks were vast quantities of 
Mulberry trees; this being a nursery for all the Province, & every 
planter that desires it has young trees given him from this nursery. 
These white mvdberry trees were planted in order to raise silk, for 
which purpose several Italians were brought, at the Trustees expence, 
from Piedmont by Mr. Amatis They have fed worms and wound silk to 
a great perfection as any that ever came out of Italy. But, the 
Italians falling out, one of them stole away the machines for winding, 
broke the coppers, and spoiled all the eggs which he could not Steal, 
and fled to South Carolina. The others who continued faithful, had 
saved but a few eggs when Mr. Oglethorpe arrived (this Spring) 
therefore he forbad any silk should be woinid, but that all the 
worms should be suffered to eat through their balls, in order to have 


more eggs against next year. The Italian women are obliged to take 
English girls apprentices, whom they teach to wind and feed and 
the men have taught our English Gardeners to tend the mulberry 
trees, and joyners have learned how to make the machines for wind- 
ing. As the mulberry trees increase, there will be a great quantity 
of silk made here." (Voyage, p. 30.) 

1739. Mr Augspurger, a Swiss brought over from Georgia a parcel 
of raw silk, & deposed before a Master in Chancery that he rec'd it 
from Thomas Jones, the Trustees' store keeper at Savannah; who 
told him that it was the produce of Georgia. Which, being shewn to 
an eminent silk weaver, an a raw silk merchant, they declared it as as 

fine as any Italian silk, & worth at least 20 shillings a pound. 

Feb. 26, 1763 The State of the Colony of Georgia was taken into 
consideration at a board of Trade and plantations, and it appeared 
that the Colony produced upwards of 17,000£ worth of raw silk since 
jan'y 1752; besides what is not yet come to the notice of the board. 

In the year 1757 one thousand and fifty two pounds weight of raw 
silk balls were received at the filature in Georgia, and the next year 
produced no less than seven thousand and forty pounds weight 
thereof; and in 1759 there has been received at Savannah, the Capital 
of Georgia, considerably above ten thousand pounds weight of raw 
silk, although the season has not been favorable. The great increase 
of that rich, new, and valuable production in that province is owing 
to the increased number of hands in raising the same. Anderson's 
Hist, of Commerce, III, 603. 

In the year 1757, 1052 weight of raw silk balls were received at the 
filature in Georgia; (The writer must have mistaken the weight of the 
cocoons, — what he calls "raw-silk-balls" — for the weight of merchant- 
able raw silk. — "There was an account, published in the news papers 
of 1763, of 15,000 pounds of cocoons l^eing brought to the filature in 
Georgia, which was held out as proof of the great advantage of that 
culture, and of the prosperity of the Province. The writer of that 
paragraph was not aware of the great number of pounds of cocoons 
required to make one pound of silk." Macpherson 377.) and the next 
year produced no less than 7040 pound weight thereof. And this year 
(1759) there has been received at Savannah the capital of Georgia, 
considerably above 10,000 pounds weight of raw silk, though the 
season has not been favorable. This gieat increase of that rich, new, & 
valuable production in these Provinces, is owing to the increased 


number of hands in raising the same." (Annals of Commerce, by David 
Macpherson, Lond. 1805, 4 vol. 4.20 Vol. 3d. p. 314.) 

In 1761 & 1762 — Parliament granted 1000£ bounty for the cultiva- 
tion of silk — as before; appropriated for the purchase from the culti- 
vaters the cocoons of silk worms: &: for the further encouragement 
of that branch of Industry. Mr. Otbolengi an Italian was appointed 
with a proper Salary, to instruct the colonists in the management of 
silk worms and silk, (ib, 346.) A. D. 1769. "The encouragement hitherto 
held out to the cultivators of silk in the Southern American colonies, 
by purchasing the cocoons for government at a price above their value, 
having been found to effect no considerable exertions in the produc- 
tion of that article, it was now determined that the encouragement 
should be in the form of a bounty upon the importation of Silk 
produced in America into Great Britain in vessels regularly navigated, 
as follows: 

from 1st Jan'y 1770 to 1st Jan'y 1777 a premium of 25 per cent 
" " - 1777 - - - 1784 - - 20 do. 

" " _ 1784 - - - 1791 - - 15 do. 

on the value of the silk. (9 Geo. III. c. 38. Macpherson, III 488 

We had public advices in the year 1750 from Charleston, South 
Carolina of a very hopeful prespect in that Province of the gradual & 
considerable progress & increase of the production of raw silk there, 
and in the adjoining province of Georgia, — viz — "In the year 1757, 
one thousand and fifty two pounds weight of raw silk balls were 
received from the Filature in Georgia; and the next year produced 
no less than seven thousand pounds weight thereof; & that in the year 
1759 there has been received at Savannah the Capital of Georgia 
considerably above ten thousand pounds weight of raw silk, although 
the season has not been favorable. This great increase of that rich, 
new, & valuable production in those provinces is owing to the increased 
number of hands in raising the same." Anderson's Hist, of Commerce, 
Vol. 3. p. 603 ed. 8.00 Dublin 1790 

1762 "There have been brought this season to the Filature in 
Georgia upwards of 15,000 lbs weight of cocoons, which is 3,000 
pounds more than were ever produced in any former year." An. Reg. 
V.5 p. 104. 

The raw silk then exported from Georgia sold in London from 
2s. to 3. s. a pound more than any other part of the world. Holmes II 97. 
"On July 4th 1758, a fire broke out in the public filature or store-house 
in Savannah which destroyed the whole building, about 350 lbs. of 


wound-silk were saved, and between two & three thousand weight of 
cocoons destroyed, with other goods of vahie: and it was with the ut- 
most difficulty that the Council house & public records &c were pre- 

Boston News Letters, Augs't 24 1758 

Extract from Cluny's "American Traveller", Lond. 1769. 4. to 
The climate of Georgia has been found to agree in every respect 
with the silk worm. The vegetables which merits natural food, are 
indigenous to it; k the silk that has been produced there has proved 
equal in quality to the best that can be purchased any where. The 
only obstacle, then, that appears to oppose the pursuit of so ad- 
vantageous an object, is the want of a sufficient number of hands to 
prepare it in such quantity as may deserve public attention. But even 
this obstacle lessens, when taken into nearer consideration. 

The only hands required for fit the work of the silk worm for trade 
are these of women, and children before they arrive at age and 
strength for more laborious occupations. That the application of these 
to this branch will not interfere with any other that can be of public 
concern is obvious as it is also a known fact that the number of people 
increases in proportion to the increase of the support which they can 
earn by their industry. While the men, therefore, turn their attention 
and time to such business as they only can execute, that part of their 
families which would otherwise be a burden upon their industry & 
keep them in continual want & dependence of spirits, will, by the 
means here [?], reverse the whole scene, filling tlieir habitations with 
plenty and their hearts with gladness, the true and never failing sources 
of population. That this is not visionary speculation, & that this 
trade is capable of producing the effects here ascribed to it, appears 
in all covmtries where it is pursued, which, though labouring under 
many difficulties and discouragements, unknown in the dominions of 
Great Britain, are still full of a healthy and cheerful people." 

p. 103. 

At the first settlement of this Colony sanguine expectations were 
formed with respect to cultivation of vines k silk; & in 1735 a specimen 
of Georgia silk was sent to London, & declared by eminent merchants, 
who dealt in that commodity, to be as good as any raw silk imported 
from Italy. The inhabitants of the Province however, being but a 
few, & their attention chiefly directed to the cultivation of the ground, 


this manufacture, wh'ch might prove so beneficial, was neglected, nor 
has any attempt hitherto been made towards reviving the prospect. 

Carver 605. 

This item is a hand-written pamphlet of twenty four pages, stitched together. 


Mr. Geo. Cornell 

To Moses Nunez Dr £13.9.0 

to paid Rece'd & Nossman [?] for sundrys 

2 years interest thereon 2.3.0 

£15 .12 . 
Savannah Febr'y 16th 1768 Received the above Contents at the hands 
of Cowper & Telfairs 

/s/ Moses Nunez 


John Houston, Esqr. 
Attorney at Law In 

Savannah July the 22 1773 


I Rec'd yours and am obliged to you to aquant me of Mr. Helves- 
tons desire tho I dont vallua him of aiding [.] he is as grate a Villian 
as any Living [.] I can prove I bought the Cattl from him &: that he 
sold them to two others since and hais ben Paid for them [.] I offered 
him Payment for them. I bought them at 15/ per head and he wanted 
me to Pay £2 per head [.] I shall be in Savannah soon and will let you 
[k]now the hole [.] I am Sir you're ob'd svt. 

/s/ A. Carney 
[Arthur Carney] 


Received Savannah 8th 1774 of Messrs Joseph Clay & Co. Six 
Pounds on Account of Messrs. William & John LeConte. 

£6.0.0 /s/ A Carney 

On the reverse side, as follows: 
£2 : 15 : 
Received Savannah the 13 Sept 1776 of Joseph Clay & Co. 



Twenty three Shillings 

£1:3:0 /s/ Wm. Feaster 

Note: the £2:15:0 appearing in the upper left hand corner probably belongs 
to the account above this one, as this is apparently torn from a ledger. 


Edward Telfair Esqr 

Jan'y 20 To 

1 keg butter 71 lbs. @ 7 d. 
1 bbl flour 263 lbs @ 21/ 
6 lbs Soap [torn] 
IO14 G[al]s Brandy @ 7/ 
per keg 

Febr'y 22 To 






1 baking pan 

1 bushel Salt 
40 Ditto 
32 Ditto 

@ 2/6 


10 Ditto 

[?] doz Cups & Saucers 
3 bunches Onions 
2 Gro: Corks 6 

To Philip Minis Dr. 

To Interest from 1st Jany 1777 to 
1st May 1788 deducting 31/2 years 
is 7 years & 1 1 Mo. @ 8 P. Ct. 

On the reverse appears the following: 

Accot [Mi]nis 
to be examined & 
sent to Mr. Minis 



15 . 9 8 




1 . 10 



£20 . 14 


£33 . 16 . 8 

Ed. Telfair, Esqr. 


London 26th June 1779 

Mr. John Inglis 

Inverness (Darien) 
Dear Sir, 
Your favor of the 6th Inst, came to hand the 22nd but found me so 


much engaged that I shant be able to look for — "the light things" 
you want & a Coat Pattern, 'till next week, when I will do my best 
& acquaint you. 

My last letter of the 17th advised the arrival of Mr. Wm. Telfair 
& some thing of Affairs in Georgia. Since then we have heard more & 
much better news from thence & from Virginia, by way of New York. 
The account in the Papers is confirmed by private letters & informs 
you of every circumstance that I have yet learnt. It will make Sir 
Jas. Wright [one word torn] happy on his arrival, & notwithstanding 
the war wath Spain which is the only circumstance against us, Mr. Wells 
&: the Carolineans are confident that Government will keep possession 
of Georgia at all events. God grant it may be so! for the general good,— 
for our sakes, & those who are connected with us. 

Harry Yonge & T. Forbes are expected home — they probably come 
in the Vessel with Prevost's Dispatches — Moss was in Augustine, we 
may hear from him soon. 

Two nights ago I sent a letter to you from Georgia. It had been 
unluckily detained in Bristol & at Buckingham Gate, yet I still ho}X? 
your answer may be in time for Mr. Tattnell Sc c. Pray let me know 
who it's from, Sc if it concerns our joint Interest. 

I have wrote Mr. Wraxall for his further advice & opinion on having 
our Requisition drawn by an Attorney. I thought with you that we 
could do it ourselves, but I am convinced Mr. W. must have reasons 
for what he says. It shant be delayed Sc I will inform you of its progiess 
in every stage. 

nine at night 

Since writing the above I rec'd the inclosed letter from Bristol and 
another to myself. Your Cousin only tells that he was just ready to 
sail to Savannah & offers his services there. I dont know which way it 
came, nor a word of News, inform me if you can. 

I have taken Mr. Barnes' Receipt for Seventy Pounds on a/c of 
Mr. William Inglis Sc shall the remainder as you direct. 

The Duke of Richmond Sc the Earl of Harrington's Offer to raise 
[one word torn] Regiments is accepted, but the Duke of Ancaster 
[Lancaster ?] is refused because he insisted on appointing /ill the 
Officers, government would allow but half. 

Yours in haste, 

/s/ S. H. Jenkins 




To Hon. John Houstoun, Esqr. 

Round O 
Favor of 

Mr. Jennet 
Dr. Sir, 

I am sorry that I [? one word] not have sent the Negroes to the 
Vendue as the Weather was very Bad then next day after they came & 
the Holly days has prevented any since. However [? indistinct] I have 
sold them for £ 41666 payable in a month with Int. which hope will 
meet Yr. approbation. I have the promise of a schooner to go to the 
Burroughs if I can get a load their (say 100 Bbls Rice) I have desired 
Capt. Penary to send y'r 4 hhds. Tob'o with my 8 bbls. — Mr. Alex'r 
Kane [Kase ?, indistinct] says he wants a pair of good horses but thinks 
20000 dollars is too much, he says he will call next week and see them. 
If he buys them [? given and surnames too indistinct to read^ is to have 
a Comiss'n as he told me of the Chap [?] & I promised it to him. 

1 am your humble servant 
Phil'p Minis 
Cha's Town 
31 Dec. 1779 

On the reverse side appears the following, (probably filing information). 

31st Dec. 1779 
Philip Minis 
informing [indistinct] 
he had sold 5 negroes 
for £4 1666 


Mordecai Sheftall, Esqr. 

Fav'd by 

[illegible, torn] 

Charleston Jan'y 14 1780 
Dear Sir, 

Inclosed I have sent you a copy of Certificates given me for stmdry 
Articles provision, Sec, Sec delivered the Allied Army when before tlie 
lines of Savannah in September 1779 immediately after the Surrender 
of this Town to the British I gave the Original Certificated to General 


Lincoln who promised to have settled and paid, but the Communica- 
tion between Philadelphia and this place being totally stopt [I] have 
not heard from him. 

I have since made application to Col. Wylly the then Acting 
Quarter Master General for a settlement of the same, he informs me 
he cannot do anything in the matter unless the original Certificates 
were here. 

I have to request that you will make particular Enquiry of General 
Lincoln or any officer who may have the papers belonging to this de- 
partment in their possession for them, and use every method to 
obtain the money, in case you should obtain it I must request you 
to lay it out or to do with it as will turn out best for my Interest. — in 
case nothing can be done to the Northward with them please to find 
or keep them until I can receive them without risque. 

Myself and daughters present our Compliments 

I am your obed. serv. 
/s/ Abigail Minis 

On the reverse side appears the following notation in pencil: Pick'd up among 
some MD papers at home 1867, 

/s/ R. P. Myers 

below which signature appears another word in pencil in another handwriting 
which appears to be: Sastrlyla. Meaning unknown. 


To Alexander McGown, Esqr. 
in Savannah 

Augusta 10th August 1780 
Forwarded by. Your humble 
& Obedient Servant 
J. Grierson 
Leesburg August 8th, 1780 
Dear Sir, 

Tw^o days ago I received your letter dated the 14th of July tho it 
had been broke open and had been canseld through all the frontiers 
of Carolina before it came to my hand. Wherein you mention the En- 
gagements made by me to Edward Telfair, Esqr. and Company must 
be Immediately complyd with. — I can only assure you that I never 
had any Engagement with you or Mr. Telfair but what I ment to 
Comply with. It is out of my Power just now to pay you in hard 
cash as no such money has circulated on our quarter lately nor no law 


in the Country or at least whare I livs to collect old debts, but you 
may depend that every expectation that lies in my power shall be 
made to get your money and I mean to pay you and the Company 
honestly and am able to do it as I make no doubt but what you have 
heard that I have not moved a farthing of property out of this province 
nor dont mean to do it so that it dont show as if I wanted to Defraud 
my creditors and all the money I owe in the world is to your company 
and John Graham, Esqr. which I am wiling and able to pay if you will 
give me a little time. And as for the Long Indulgence you mention 
that you gave me, if Revolution of Government had not a took place 
in this Country I should have paid you long ago, but you may depend 
I shall loose no Time now till the matter is settled as I would choose 
rather to pay money when I have it than to pay Interest for it. If there 
is any article of produce in the country that you should want I would 
be much obliged to you if you would write me a few lines and direct 
it to the care of Colo. Grayson in Augusta whare I shall [go] to get it, 
and I will Indeavor to provide it for you. I expect to be in Savannah 
myself by the 1st day of December when I hope I shall have the 
pleasure of seeing you in Friendship and settling the whole of. I am 
also happy to hear you are come to Savannah once more to live as it 
would a been much better for me you never had left it. 

I have the Honor to be. Sir, your very humble servant. 

/s/ John Dooly 

P.S. You will please to deliver the Inclosed to John Grayham, Esqr. 
and I will be much obliged to you for the favor. 

I am your etc /s/ J.D. 

This letter is particularly interesting because it was written while the British 
were in full command of Savannah and yet Colonel Dooly a Patriot, says he plans 
to go to Savannah in December. The location of Leesburg of that time is not 
known. However, there is a Leesburg today, the County Seat of Lee County, about 
200 miles west of Savannah and about the same distance Southwest of Augusta. 
Since this was formidable Indian territory during the Revolution, it appears most 
unlikely that the two towns were the same. 


Mr. Seth John Cuthbert 
Merchant in 

Augusta 1th January 1782 
Dear Sir, 

This will be handed you by Mr. Bowtrs, by whose Boat I have 
ship'd as much of what produce I had on hand as he would take in. 


having his Boat mainly loaded with his own corn. I have inclosed a 
copy of the receipt of every particular sent by him, and hopes you will 
receive them all safe, and good order. 

Mr. Milledge has been up since you left Augusta, and says it will 
not be in his power to have the corn beat out by the time I exjjcct 
Lamar's boat to call for it, so I thought the best way I could do, would 
be to hire hands to do it immediately. I accordingly went to Lamar, 
and lie says he will have it done by his Boat hands, and settk the 
matter with you. 1 have been obliged to let Mr. Milledge have one of 
the smallest Keggs Butter, as we promised to purchase one for him and 
he pressed me so hard for one of those on hand, but I shall charge 
him fifteen pence for it. 

I have got two Hh'd Tob[acclo bro[ugh]t to Colo. Hammond's, but 
as Bower's Boat was heavy loaded, he could not go up there for them. 
However I mean to forward them by Lamar's which will go in about 
four or five days, in mean time I expect to have the Tobacco bro[ugh]t 
from Major Middleton's which shall be sent by same opportunity. 
Mr. Davisoyi will please observe that most of the Flour sent this time, 
consists of what I bo[ugh]t of them North Carolinians while you was 
up, so I think it will be unnecessary to be at the Trouble of weighing 
any more than what Barrells is marked RM and UA. 

I have received no remittances from Mr. Middleton since you left 
us, but am under an expectation of having some Flour from Wimbusli 
in the course of a few weeks. I have not yet had any opportunity (that 
1 thought any thing safe), of writing to Mr. Garrett, on the sul)ject 
you mentioned to me, am about making out the inventory of the 
Goods on hand, and shall endeavor in every respect to observe the In- 
structions you left with me. 

I am, Dear Sir, Your Most Obedient Servant, 
/s/ Jereh Kendall 

[Jeremiah Kendall,] 


You will see the receipt given [torn] 
Keggs Butter, as I forgot to retain [torn] 
Mr. Milledge, but wrote Bowen after [torn] 
had started, to leave on at his house [torn] 

J. [torn] 



To Majr. Cuthbert, Merchant, Savannah 
By Boat. 

About Sept. 14, 1782 
Dear Sir, 

You will seal the Inclosed &: Deliver it to the Governor & Desire 
him to give you an answer. I am desirous to go to North Carolina for 
which I think it will be attended to our advantage. I have made it 
my business to lend to every Person that makes tobacco & has it all 
Ingaged, therefore you may Depend that I would not leave this place 
if there was now any thing to be made. There is no man that has 
Purchased 1 H[ogshea]D tobacco but myself in this place. I shall 
conduct myself in such a manner that will gain the good will of 
every Back Covmtry Planter. I expect in a few days to Deal with Sam. 
Wimbuch for 10 HD. from Fort Charlst. Send up some nails. From, 
Dear Sir, Your etc etc 

/s/ John Garrett 


Mr. Seth Jno. Cuthbeit 


Savannah By Capt. Booker 

Augusta September 16th 1782 
Dear Sir, 

Since writing you by the Boat, J have heard that there is 120 
Pimcheons of Rum arrived to Savannah. You will be pleased to Pur- 
chase a little for the use of this store & send uj> by tlie Boat some 
Sugar, Coffee & if your Expections has arrived from Charles Town 
you will send me up a sostible [?] Cargo as I am fully persuaded that 
I can git 100 p.c. more in Salisbury than hear and the cash for every 
Article. If you should send up those Articles by the Boat you will head 
them up in Hhs. and put them at the bottom of the Boat. I am 
informed by Mr. Jinsey that you have Bought the Prize Sloop which 
I am very glad off. 

I should have sent some thing down for to load her if I had not 
understood that you had Provided a load for her, but am in hopes 
by the time she returns the full load of Flower will be had from this 
store. I have some which you will receive by the First opportunity. 
We are a gitting in a way now that will attend to our interest to 
Provide Hands & a Boat which I am informed you may git a Boat 


in a fortnight by speaking to Hudson, I am in hopes you will not 
neglect it after Paying the Prices they ask for Freight from Savannah. 
You may promise your self all the Produce from this Quarter in the 
corse of the Winter. I have not bought any corn nor do not think it 
will answer us as long as we can git Flower for our Goods. Perhaps 
I may take some com after it is gathered. I have heard there has 
been a small regulation [?] in Savannah, which I am sorry for. I am 
in hopes you will git this Produce upon better terms as they have set 
Prices upon your Marchendize. Be leave me, Dear Sir, your Friend 
& Humble Servant, 

/s/ John Garrett 
NB if their is any Boots in Savannah you will be kind enough to 
send me one pair if you think they will fit me. 


Augusta 8th November 1782 
Mr. Johnson Davison 


This will be handed you by Mr. James Rae who brings you in his 
boat Thirty two Barrels of Flower which is all he could take in for 
us, but I shall ship the remainder of what I have on hand bv Lamar's 
Boat, as he has hired his boat and hands for a Trip down & up, and 
it is to be referred to Mr. Cuthbert to settle the payment of whatever 
he thinks proper to allow him. You will observe that eight of the 
barrells was tak-^n in at the weight house and I dont know whether 
they have any marks on them or not, but Mr. Rae will show them, & 
you will send the weight of them Separate. 

Mr. Garrett desired me to acquaint you that he does not chuse 
Mr. Rae's boat to be loaded up for us, as we can have salt brought 
much cheaper than he brings. I expect to have it in my power to 
send down a load or two of Corn in the course of ten days — and 
perhaps Five Thousand weight of Flour & some Tobacco. Please give 
my best compliments to the Major if he is returned fiom Charles 

I am. Sir, Your Most Obedient Servant 

/s/ Jeremiah Kendall 



Mr. Seth John Cuthbert 

Merchant in 
Favored by Mr. Keating 

Augusta 17th November 1782 
Dear Sir, 

I am happy to hear of your return to Savannah, and hopes you 
have been successful in your undertakings, while absent. I have Shipped 
on board of Mr. Lamar's Boat fifteen barrels of Flower, six of which 
(tho' marked BT by mistake) belongs to Captain Key. I expected to 
have loaded Lamar down with Corn, and should have done it, had he 
not disappointed me as he has by taking in freight for other People, 
after he had partly agreed with me to hire his boat &: hands to us for a 
Trip. However, I shall make use of the first opportunity to send some 
down, as there is a Thousand or twelve hunched Bushels ready to be 
taken in, whenever called for. 

I think Mr. Garrett told me you would send me up sugar, Coffee 
Sec, if to be had; now as there is not a poimd of either of those articles 
to be got in this place at present, I think they cannot fail being very 

As Flour groes Scarce and salt gits plenty in this quarter, I doubt 
there will be but very little more to be got under a Bushel salt pr. 
Hundred. So I will be glad to know if you are willing I should give 
that for it; and what would be the highest price you think I might give 
for Pork, because it is exceedingly Scarce this season. I am apprehensive 
it will be very high. 

I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, 
/s/ Jeremiah Kendall 


No addressee shown on this letter. Probably to Cutlibcrt, to whom most of this 
series is addressed, or to Davison. 

Augusta 19th January 1783 
Dear Sir, 

Your two letters of the 3rd & 11th of this Instant both came to 
hand and I hope by Wednesday or Tuesday next Lamar's Boat 
will git down with a load of Corn, tho' I fear not so soon as you 
wanted it. However I hope you will not think it my fault, as I imder- 
stood the Corn was on the river, where it might very handily have 


been got to the boat, and did not expect, (nor neither did Lamar) 
that it would take above three days to load, but they have been near 
ten days at Milledge's and never got ready till yesterday morning. 

I gave you my reason in my last for not sending the tobacco down 
in Lamar's boat, as I expected to have got it carried by Rae, who 
partly promised to carry it for us, but finding he had a deeper load 
than he expected, would not on any Consideration take it aboard. 

I am not under the least apprehention of Bonner's parting with 
his Corn to any body else, and thinks when everything is rightly 
considered, it was best to take Milledge's Corn first. You will see the 
Inventory inclosed, the amount of which is £451-2-11-3/4. I have put 
every article at the original prices and the Advance they were pur- 
chased at upon them, as [per ?] the diff[eren]t Invoices. As near as I 
can guess the amoimt of the sales from the conclusion of the account 
given you to the time the Inventory was taken, amounts to as good 
as £200, a great part of which sum is on Credit, tho in pretty good 
hands. So you can see the Sales would be brisk enough if we was to 
continue that Stroke. However, agreeable to your directions had laid 
aside all Credit. As Mr Garrett will write you by same opportunity, I 
need not trouble you at this time with further account of our proceed- 
ings in this quarter, but remain. 

Sir, Your Most Obedient Servant, 

/s/ Jeremiah Kendall 

Rum, Sugar, Coffee & Salt continues to sell at the same price you 
left them at when you went down, and most of the goods in the store 
I sell at 20 or 25% lower than they were at first. 


Mr. Seth John Cuthbert 

Merchant by Colonel Burns. 


Augusta January 20th, 1783 
Dear Sir, 

I am just now got down to trouble you with a few lines by Colonel 
Burn which I did not know of his setting off down so soon. I expected 
he woud not go before Wednesday which you may expect to hear fidl 
from me by Captain Parish which will set of in two days. I got Whome 
[?] a Satturday, Jerry is now from Whom [?] collecting of Tobacco. I 
have 7 Hhd. at Hammond's to send by the first opportunity, which I 
expect by the first to send down 25 Hhd., That will stop the Gent'l 
mouth that is so imeasy about the tobacco. I have bought 8 Hhd. 


since my return Sc what Jerry will do I cant tell, but shall refer you 
to the next letter from me, as I have not time to Wright fully on, 
matters now. Colonel Burns is now upon his Horse aweighting on me. 
I will Wright to Mr. Greenhowe in two days. From, 

Dear Sir, your very humble servant, 
/S/ John Garrett 


Shipped by the Grace of GOD, in good Order and well conditioned, 
by John Inglis in and upon the good Ship called the William whereof 
is the Master, under GOD, for this present Voyage, John Mercier and 
now riding at Anchor in the River Savannah and by said God's Grace 
bound for London to say. Seventy three Casks Sago Powder 
Nr. a 73 

being marked and numbered as in the Margin, and are to be de- 
livered in the like good Order, and well conditioned, at the aforesaid 
Port of London (the Danger of the Seas only excepted) unto 

John Nutt, Esqr. Merchant there 
or to his Assigns, he or they paying Freight for the said Goods, one 
penny per Pound Nett at the Kings Beam with Primage and Average 
accustomed. In witness whereof the Master or Purser of the said 
Ship hath affirmed to three Bills of Lading, all of this Tenor and Date; 
the one of which three Bills being accomplished, the other two to 
stand void. And so GOD send the good Ship to her desired Port in 
Safety. AMEN 
Dated in Savannah Georgia 29 December 1785. 

/s/ John Mercier 

The Bill ot lading is a printed form with the pertinent information filled in. 
Above the number in the left hand margin is a symbol — a square with a cross 
through it, the arms of the cross extending beyond the square, the whole being 
rotated 45 degrees. The symbol has a Chinese character appearance and might 
have developed from the character "chung" with a horizontal cross through it. 

648 Folder 446(1) 

Savannah 2 1st April 1786 

On or before the twenty first Day of May next I promise to pay 

to Messrs Harris & Delyon or their order twenty six pound Eighteen 


Shillings & Six pence Sterling with interest from the first day of 
January Last for value Received as is witness my hand— 

Levi Sheftall 

Note — the signature above is scratched out. On the reverse side appears the 

Harris & Delyon 
Principle £26:18: 6 

Int to 23d Feby 11: 1: 6 


Reed on acc't of the within Prin'l & Interest of Thirty five pounds 

Note Pd to Harris G. D. Pendleton 

& Delyon for Tho's Gibbons 


23 Feby 1791 


Mar 16 Rec'd three pounds being the balance due upon the 

within note — 

/s/ G D Pendleton 

for T. Gibbons Esqr. 


The Hon'ble Edw'd Telfair, Esqr 

Gov'r of Georgia 

Savannah the 30th May 1786 
Dr. Sir, 

Mr Gate writes me that the Estate of Mr McLean is in debted 
to Coll Jack & that T. E. & Co. [?] as well as C. L. & Co are in debted 
to the Estate & proposes to take up the notes due us from Coll Jack — 
I informed Coll Jack I would send you the Notes and possibly you & 
he might accommodate the business, to which purpose I have enclosed 
them to you Mr Clark has been very busy removing our goods from 
the Altamaha, n/th [north ?] he has effected by dint of great labour — 
I received a line from him yesterday informing every thing was on 
float, except about Sixty Bushels Salt, and a parcel of Bulletts, su/ch 
he could not bring — & the Boats were well guarded I hired & sent out 
five men from here, w[hich] with the people about the house &: I 
suppose makes them above 12 strong besides some smart Negroes — a 
Fellow Ledbetter and one Broughton Killed two Indians near the 


Stores as you will see by Barnards Letter — this is the Ledbetter that 
came in from the Nation, Scott (who lives w[it]h us) is just returned 
from the Soward, he Says no Person ever Saw the Indians after they 
were Killed, nor do they doubt their having committed the Fact — 'tis 
supposed two or three good Horses su/ch they the Indians had, 
prompted them to do the Mischief — I should suppose these Fellows 
are punishable — they are somewhere to the Soward — I am with great 
regard. Dr. Sir, Your most Obed Serv 

/s/ Joseph Clay 


Edw'd Telfair, Esquire 

Augusta Savannah 15th May 88 

Dr. Sir, 

I forgot to mention to you yesterday that I desired Mr. Seaborn 
Jones to attach in the Treasurer's hands at Augusta £136. 1. 1/2 princ & 
Interest for a debt due me on a Note from Capt. Sam'l Stone, as you 
have been kind enough to serve me on a similar case I beg leave to 
trouble you in this, & try & Get the money for me for which please 
to give a rec. — Excuse trouble and oblige — Yr Most ob't Serv't 

/s/ Philip Minis 


Dr Messrs Edw'd Telfair & Co. In a/current with Ph. Minis Cr 

1779 Aug't 1 

To ball'ce p Settlement \ £22.13.6 By ball'ce due 1.16.8 

To Interest from - Aug't 1779 to Istl 9. 7. 43^ Clay Telfair & Co. 66. 7. 834 

May 1788 deducting 31/2 years is 5/ Ball'ce due 

yrs & 2 mos @ 8% ) P. Minis 

To 9 bushels Salt not Credited in j 1. 7. 

the settlement (2 April 1776) per ^ 
order @ 3/ 1 

To half barrel beef not Credited \ .15. 

in Settlement D'd, Capt. Wardlo t 
in 17 April 1776 f 

To 10 months short Credited in 1 .4.10 

A. McGowan's note i 

To Am't of E. Telfair's a/c 33.16. 8 

£68. 4. 4s/t £68. 4. 43/4 

Errors Excepted 

Savannah 14 May 1788 
[Philip Minis' signature nearly obliterated] 



Mr. George Baillie, Junr. 


Nassau 24th May 1787 

Dear Sir, 

As it may be some time before we have a direct conveyance for 
Savannah, I take the chance of this hitting you at Charleston or 
reaching you in Georgia to advise that you ought to come here or 
there will be nothing got I doubt from your Father's claim — Your 
Uncle will no doubt advise you of what he does in London but no 
report I conceive will be obtained upon it from the Commissioners 
before you or your Mother or both are examined as the Act of 
Parliament directs — I wish you likewise to advise James Spalding of 
this circumstance as I know not how to write to him. It rather sur- 
prises me that I had no answer to a letter I wrote Sandy Forrester at 
the time I wrote you last. Since that date I have received Panton, 
Forbes & Co.'s books & papers from St. Augustine & shall be able 
from them to see exactly the balance due them by you & your Father's 
Estate — Whatever agreement Mr. Panton made with you must I no 
doubt be fulfilled, but it seems reasonable to me that we ought to 
be paid for the Land from one quarter or the other — I make no 
doubt that you will do what is right in the matter & therefore am 
with esteem 

Dear Sir 

Your very obedient & humble servant, 
/s/ Thos. Forbes 

On reverse side of page, begins the following. 

29 May 1787 
Dr. Sir, 

I sent the original of the foregoing letter to Charleston but under 
cover to the care of Messrs. Stephens — In my former to you of the 
14 Feby. I mentioned particularly an affair put into my hands by 
Dr. Sutherland against Wade Stubs — In the intermediate time I had 
obtained a new judgement and execution against the latter for the 
whole amount of the old judgement obtained at St. Augustine— before 
the property siezed by the Marshall was brought to sale Mr. Sutherland 
presented me with the contents of your letter to him of the 13th 
Decem. last with an account admitting the discount contended for by 
Mr. Stubbs, which reduces the balance to nothing. This being the 
case and your neglecting altogether to mention the matter to me, leaves 


me uncertain how I am to act. At some time, I understand that a 
power of attorney has been sent against you by Mr. Slater or by Stubbs 
& Slater to recover the demand in dispute between you. As I am not 
much acquainted with this mode of doing business 1 will be much 
obliged to you for some explanation of the matter. ]f I only receive 
the balance as [per] account at foot (which is agreeable to your late 
letter to Mr. Sutherland) I shall be disappointed of a considerable 
payment which I thought secured beyond any manner of dou[bt]. 
I am, Dear Sir, your obedient [servant] 

/s/ Thos. Forbes 
Mr. Stubbs, Dr. 

To Baillie due the Estate of R. Baillie 

as stated by Geo. Baillie, Junr. £57:16:S 

Deduct this sum he paid (?) 

Dr. Sutherland £48: 0:0 

Balance due £ 9:16:8 

[addressed] George Baillie Junr. Esqr. 

at Sapelo 

State of Georgia 


Mr. George Bailie, Junr. Nassau 14th July 1788 

Dear Sir, 

I sometime since was favored with yoias of the 7th March from 
Charleston Sc Mr. Leslie sent me yours to him of the 22nd April from 
Frederica, I have received a letter from Mr. Spalding on the subject 
of Lumber k have this day wrote him fully in answer. I cannot be any 
means think of sending a vessel up beyond the Port of St. Simons to 
load with Lumber &: I percieve the price of scantling with you (90/ M) 
is just 10 Shillings higher than Mr. Tattnall charges for it in the 
neighborhood of Savannah where Boards are likewise procured at 
from 45/ to 50/M. feet: To these strong reasons you must impute my 
delay in answering yoiu' Letter sooner. I have wrote to Mr. Stephens 
to press a settlement of those amounts which you & him were so kind 
as to undertake for mc. Netherclifts ballance especially which is a large 
one &: I fear in a doubtful way. I have much dej^endence upon your 
attention to these matters whenever the Laws of Georgia are strong 
enough to compell Justice. If I knew the Boundaries & descriptions 
of these two tracts of Land upon St. Marys & at Frederica I would 
have titles made out liere to you or Mr. Stephens in the way you 


mention — See if you can procure me this, & also enquire of Stephens 
to what Period they must be antidated. Cannons Tract I am told is of 
considerable value. If your Uncle Alexander has actually cutt the 
lumber you mention, it must be brought to the same spott with Mr. 
Spaldings & a Memorandum of the quantity sent me. In that case I 
will send a vessell for it but you must smely be convinced that I 
cannot send a vessell to one place for a Pilot & then hunt one of your 
Rivers perhaps for a fortnight before she comes to the Lumber — it 
is an article that cannot bear the expense. With best Compliments 
to your Mother & family, I am, Dear Sir, 

Your Very Humble Servant, 
Dear Sir, The foregoing is duplicate of my last & the present goes by 
Mr. Burnett to whom I must refer you for many particulars. Had I 
known exactly the quantity and situation of the lumber provided by 
your Uncle and Mr. Spalding, it is probable that I should have taken 
this opportunity of sending for it, but having no answer to my letters 
I have determined to put off that matter untill I can hear from you 
and be informed of the situation S: state of tilings in Georgia. The 
enclosed extract & remarks are of importance to your Florida claim 
which may yet suffer if not attended to. If you can go to the British 
ConsuU at Savannah and claim a certificate from him declaring your 
allegiance and that you have taken no oaths to any other State, the 
matter in that case will be plain and easy, as the Consul's certificate 
will sufficiantly vouch for your continuing a British subject; but if 
you have put that out of )our power by taking the State oaths in 
Georgia, the claim must take its chances as it is, or you must become 
resident in the British dominions where they cannot legally deny you 
the privileges of your birth right if you had taken the oaths in all 
the States of America — 

You will observe however that the Comm[issioners] do not exact 
the same rigorous terms of your Mother, and that they will in any 
event report her share which I presume will amount to one third 
of the sum reported by them. I request my compliments to your good 
Mother and family and am with esteem 

Dear Sir 

Your very obedient 
humble servant 
/s/ Thos. Forbes 
[addressed] George [mutilated] Jmir. Esqr 

Black Island 

near Frederica 
By favor of 

[?] Burnett, Esqr. 



St. Augustine, E. Florida 
lOOctr. 1788 
Dear Sir, 

By Capt. Stoo, who came no further I believe than St. Marys, there 
was no opportunity of acknowledging your favor of 4th Augt.. Your 
former letter about the lumber, I forwarded to Nassau, & have since 
understood from Mr. Forbes, that he had written you, which is all he 
says to me about it. So that I must presume he has ere now sent a vessel 
for the lumber. We have none at this place except small craft, noways 
suitable for the purpose, but I will send Mr. F. your last letter & if 
not already arrived, or on the way, he will doubtless send you some 
vessel without further loss of time. Meanwhile I would have you 
correspond with him on the subject, via Savannah or Charleston, 
which (being the only route by which I have the means of writing 
liim) will save time. 

We are obliged for your attention to the accots. [accounts (?)] you 
took to look after from Nassau, I doubt nothing of your doing what 
you can for the recovery of them; in which its to be hoped your en- 
deavours will not prove altogether fruitless. 

I have heard nothing further, more than you, regarding your com- 
pensation business; but am persuaded that hitherto, no actual pay- 
ment has been made on them. It would however be satisfactory, if we 
could even hear that the report of tlie Commrs. had been favorable. 
It would give me great pleasure to do any thing acceptable to you, or 
useful to your family, but in the instance of taking your Brother 
James as a clerk, I am sorry it cannot be brought about here. The 
Govermt. would doubtless be averse, to our taking in new hands 
from a foreign protestant country; & the difficulty I forsee in this 
respect, appears almost insurmountable. Moreover the confined state 
of our business here would not furnish employment for any additional 
hands. & the language wherein our business is transacted, being un- 
known to your Brother, is another obstacle, which it would require a 
length of time to remove. At Savannah I shoidd think you might get 
him eligibly situated. &: moreso perhaps at Charleston. When you 
next write Mr. Forbes, you might mention the matter to him; James 
would be much better & see a great deal more, & greater variety of 
business there in a month than here in six; & I am certain if Mr. 

Forbes has room for him [last page mutilated] 

and if he shoidd be 

other respectable houses 

a young gentleman 


as a valuable 

with respectfu 

& the young Ladies 

D. Y 

P. S. Your Care of the 

will be obliging 

requested me to 

Some friend in 

Note: there is no signature. In pencil Mrs. Hawes wrote: John Leslie ?. 

[addressed] Mr. Geo. Baillie, Junr. 


London August 26, 1789 
Mr. George Baillie 


I was in hopes that some convenient opportunity would have co- 
operated with your intention, to have paid me the ballance of the 
judgment obtained at St. Augustine in the April Court of 1783 against 
your late Father's Estate. But I suppose the distance of time, and place, 
and our mutual ignorance of each others Residence have been the 
principle and indeed I flatter myself the only Bar to this necessary 
and desirable end. 

However I am happy now to congratulate you on your being allowed 
By the Commissionors of the East Florida Claims, the sum of Five 
hundred Pounds for your late fathers estate of Morrisham in that 
Province. I have therefore, pending upon searching the Record of the 
Court of Common Pleas that Mr. Marten have not wrote anything of 
the judgment and persuming [sic] that you may be ignorant of what is 
paid from the length of time, taken the liberty of sending you my 
account showing a state of this business by which you will perceive a 
small balance due to me of £45-1-0 with interest since that time not 
doubting but you will most cheerfully embrace so favorable an op- 
portunity of discharging it By sending an order on your agent here 
who is, or must, be appointed and empowered to receive this money. 

I have taken such care that this should get to your hand that I 
shall no doubt be as speedily as possible furnished with a proper 
answer to my requests, which will spare me the Pain and Trouble, 
and you the expense of my availing myself of the opportunity the law 
of this Country and my own situation have thrown in my way and 


which I hope you will not be displeased at my embracing if you do 
not order this money to be Paid. 

I am. Sir, our most obedient & Humble Servant, 
/s/ Robert Payne 

No. 75 Watling Street 
Mr. George Baillie 
For Estate R. Baillie 

To Robert Payne 
April To amount of a judgment obtained 

in St. Augustine £369-13- 1/2 

To interest allowed and the law expense 40- 7-II1/2 

£410- 1- 



10 Jany. By cash Reed, from Mr. Marten £95 
20 Feby. do. from Daniel Sutherland 35 
24th F. do. do. 50 

18th April do. from Wilm. Moss 185 365 

By ballance due Robert Payne 45- 1 

To six years interest on do. from 
April 84 to April 90 is 13-10 


Errors excepted — London 
25th August 1789 

/s/ R. P. 


Mr. John Mcintosh 

per fellow Bob 
Dear Sir 

having altered my mind as to my stay here think it will be needless 
to trouble yourself procuring a horse in Savannah if your intention is 
to pass this way in your boat in all 15 Days hence as I shall be here 

that time 

Your Obed't Serv. 

/s/ John Sutcliffe 


Tuesday Evening 
16 Sepfr 1788 

The reply is written at the bottom of the above letter; it is undated and is as 

Your boy this morn sel'd a Message requesting a horse the only one I 
own is in the Cart and i[s] poor as well as very unfit for riding and my 

seconds are drop'd so fast I cannot spare him Your 

compass and Chain shall be taken suitable care of 

/s/ Y'rs J Mc 

This John Mcintosh was a son of General Lachlan Mcintosh. 


Shipped in good Order and well conditioned, by Robert Henderson 
in and upon the good Schooner called the Sally whereof is Master for 
this present Voyage, John Towers and now riding at Anchor in the 
River Delaware and bound for Savannah. To say Fifty Quarter Casks 
Gunpowder. (On accat & risk of Joseph J. Miller). 

Being marked and numbered as in the Margin, [Mla50], and are 
to be delivered in the like good Order and well conditioned, at the 
aforesaid Port of Savannah (the Danger of Seas only excepted) unto 
Mr. John Marshall or to his Assigns, he or they paying Freight for the 
said one Shillg. [?] Cury. per Quarter Caske. with Primage and Aver- 
age accustomed. In Witness whereof the Master or Purser of the said 
Schooner hath affirmed to Three Bills of Lading, all of this Tenor and 
Date; one of which being accomplished, the other Two to stand void. 
Dated at Philadelphia 20 July 1790. 

/s/ John Towers 

This is a printed form filled in by hand. The first letter of this little form is a 
beautifully illuminated "S", probably a wood-cut showing a ship sailing the seas, 
flying the American flag through a large letter "S". 




Governor Ellis 

Fort Moore 25 January 1760 

I wrote to your Excellency after my arrival here from the Creek 
Nation under date 30th of last month; and having missed two oppor- 
tunities, it was sent afterwards by an express of your own, whereof 
Colonel Barnard was so kind as to send me notice the 12th instant. 
Having on the 3rd received from Governor Lyttelton advice of his 
having accommodated matters by Treaty with the Cherokees, I dis- 
missed my men whom I had engaged again all but three. The Ockfusky 
Captain, to whom together with the other Creeks who came with me, 
I communicated the Articles of the Treaty, could not help expressing 
a great deal of satisfaction that the Creeks had not taken part with the 
Cherokees, which he did acknowledge he believed the Lower Town 
men would have done, had they not been prevented by my Talks in 
the Nation. He undertook to go home & make a Report of the 
Articles of the Treaty. And I recommended it very strongly to him to 
put the Creeks upon their Guard, by making known more particularly 
the 6th Article whereby the Cherokees engage to apprehend any white- 
man or indian who shall bring messages to them for the French, or 
hold discourse in their favor. 

I must beg the favor of your candid Opinion touching a proper 
Pay to Mr. Wright as linguist to me while in the Creek Nation; the 
same being become in a manner necessary for his satisfaction, as well 
as my own. After my arrival at Augusta from Savannah, I acquainted 
him by letter of your recommendation of him to me & of my Disposition 
to employ him in that character. He came twice from Talsey to Euchee, 
with a view to meet me and the last time he stayed there sometime 
for that purpose. At my first interview with the Indians near & at 
Cussihta, His mouth was made use of between them & me without any 
previous Terms, or formal appointment. He attended me at two 
different times in the Lower & Upper Towns, 5 months in the Whole. 
I endeavored before he parted from me the first time (when he went 
home to look after his own affairs, k Stephen Forest was to attend me 
thro' the rest of the Lower Towns.) to ascertain his allowance, & again 
before he parted from me the last time at Ockfusky, but without effect. 
He had conceived an opinion, that there was a handsome pay (ten 
shillings sterling per diem) allowed by the King, which I told him was 
a very great error, for that there was none at all named; & I had no 


rule to govern myself l)y but custom; beyond which I could not 
countenance him in flattering himself; and could only say that I was 
disposed to allow whatever I could justify. This was what he said, as 
well the first as the last time of our talking upon the subject. As for 
Precedents to guide me; The South Carolina Assembly, as I told him, 
did resolve to allow me fifteen Pounds per month. Their currency 
for an Interpreter for 6 months, which I refused as insufficient. They 
did allow £20 per month to Mr. Germany as such, who served Captain 
Pepper when he went Agent from that Province. More than that 
monthly I never heard of. To be sure it is not enough, to induce any 
Master Trader to neglect his own Business. A small occasional at- 
tendance in the Nation as linguist for a few days, has l^^en allowed 40 
shillings per diem. But that is I think out of the question. He quoted 
in this case for a precedent. His expectations being so much beyond 
what I could venture to comply with, I proposed to leave it to the 
opinion of the traders. But that he waved. And therefore as I have a 
sincere intention to pay him what I may justify I had no other course 
left to take, than to propose to be determined by the opinion of 
Governor Lyttleton and yourself; and chuse it should be in sterling 
money. I have the more reason to be thus cautious, as it is my own 
money that I am advancing. 

I cannot help repeating something of the necessity there is not 
only for revoking Spencer's license, but for punishing him. It is in my 
opinion of the utmost consequence to the King's service to stop him 
effectively from going again to the Creek Nation, or to take measures 
immediately for fetching him back. The latter is more eligible for 
the effect it would have among the Indians. His horses set off with 
goods as I hear last Thursday or Friday. And he is preparing to follow 
himself, with intent to settle again at his old store in the woods (which 
the Wolf always declared against) breathing nothing but mischief to 
others; to give a good Trade to the Indians, that is, to ruin it for 
other Traders. You will have perceived by the Treaty made with the 
Albahma Indians that they are confined to trade at the Towns of 
Mocolussas and Little Talsey only among the Creeks. Little Ockchoy 
(6 houses) seem to have been inserted in his former Licences, like the 
Savanoes, our very worst enemies, inadvertently & without any design 
only because it was asked. I dread also his making confusion among 
those Licenced Traders associated for carrying on the Chactan Trade 
according to Treaty in company (upon my Plan, whereof you shall 
be fully acquainted) as he attempted to do when I was present. The 
Chactan talk with a Wing which the News Papers say he brought from 
Mucculassa for you and Governor Lyttoelton is a most impudent false- 


hood; & shews what he is capable of, so great a liar as he is reputed to 
by even by Indians, I should not be surprised to see any thing whatever 
come from him; and would take his word as soon as his Oath. The heir 
of Patrick Brown, who came from Charleston in company with him 
did as I am well informed declare in hearing of many publickly in 
Augusta on the 2nd Instant being the day after a great falling out 
between them, "That he could ruin Spencer & would stop him from 
going to the Nation; for that he had done more than he could answer; 
and he Brown had it in his Power to make it known; for that he had 
kept a copy of all that Spencer had wrote to both Governors against 
Mr. Adkins, & would expose him & make him knuckle to the Agent." 
But thro' Mr. McGilivrary's means. The difference was made up by 
Spencer's asking pardon of Brown. 

I have an interview both with Governor Lyttelton & yourself very 
much at heart, in which I will bring to bear so soon as possible; and 
shall then, having all my papers with me, be al^le to give you needful 
information & satisfaction &c. consult upon what will be most proper 
for the Service. In the mean time it is fit I should inform you, what I 
did for immediate Service while in the Creek Nation, with respect 
to stopping the Trade of any place; I know not any Disapprobation it 
met with from the Traders. The stopping the Trade with the Albahma 
Towns, soon produced the happy & timely effect I mentioned in my 
last. The doing the same to Ockchoy, which was become absolutely 
necessary & could not be delayed, kept the rest of the Upper Towns in 
awe when our Affairs were at a Crisis, 8c helped gieatly to bring the 
Mortar & Gun of that Town, who were the heads of the French Party, 
to terms. It was your desire that I should demand satisfaction for the 
Murder of a white Family in your Western settlements, committed by 
the Euchees. When I came to their Town, considering the ticklish 
Posture in which I found our affairs in the Creek Nation, & the 
Nature of my Errand, judging it as others did not prudent at that 
time to enter upon a Talk of Blood, it was my Intention to wave any 
mention of that matter, until my Return from the Upper Creek 
Towns. But King Jack, the Euchee King or Mico, imhappily intro- 
ducing the subject himself, in order to make an Apology at his first 
Interview with me, brought me imder the Necessity of declaring at 
last in his Square, that while the Indian who was the most guilty of 
that Murder was living, I should never look upon the Euchees as 
Friends. He endeavored tlien to bring other things on the Carpet, 
which concerned only the Creeks, some of whose headmen were present, 
in order to ballance the Demand, & equivocated so much that I left 
his square, saying that if they set so little account by the lives of 3 


white people (1 only of the Murderers having been put to Death) I 
knew not any Business white People had to be among them. As he 
continued sulky & obstinate, & never made his Appearance again, this 
was productive of a great deal of trouble in Negotiation afterwards, 
to bring the Affair to a proper termination. The Fellow had withdrawn 
himself among the Savanoes at Townicola near Mocolussah, where he 
had a wife, but easily to be come at if King Jack pleased. I gave him 
till the Busk to consider of it, cautioning him not to let his People 
haunt our Settlements, as they constantly do, especially about Mount 
Pleasant; and I sent him word that no more goods should come to his 
Town in the mean time; giving Notice accordingly to Mr. Randon & 
Mr. Galphins substitute, John Miller. The former who had little or 
nothing left, lodged his fresh supplies at Cussihta near at hand; The 
latter had enough goods on hand to bring about the Spring coming. 
King Jack did not shew himself even at the Busk Festival. Some of 
his headmen would fain have left it to me, as the man was gone from 
them to Townicola, to do as I would myself, about taking him off. As 
I took care to avoid having a hand in doing that, which seeing they 
had let him escape, it was their proper Business to get done after 
evading a final answer 2 or 3 times, they sent me word, "That the 
English owed the Creeks 2 Men, and if the Euchees owed us two, we 
were now even." By which I understood that they had a mind to revive 
the Memory of the Affair at Ogechee. The French endeavoured by 
Messages to them, to improve this incident to their own purpose, & 
invited them to remove to near the Albahma Fort. But the Point k 
Hitcheta People cautioned them against leaving their town. In the 
end it was left by some of the Euchee Headmen to Aleck, to consult 
with the Wolf privately about getting the fellow to be killed, which 
accordingly they did at the General Meeting at Tookybahtchy. Before 
my parting with the Wolf in November he told me "That a spy he had 
out after him could not find him. He feared he was gone to hunt for 
Honey in the English Settlements. But being expected back to his wife 
at Townicola (just by him) he would take care he should not live 
long." And indeed it is not fit he should, for it is most certain that he 
has threatened to kill another White man for the Euchee who was 
killed by his own Unkle on account of the family murdered. King 
Jack with 20 of his people were at the Albahma Fort in October, to 
get land to settle upon the Spring coming. And a Piece was shewn 
to them near Conessahty. But whether He & a part of his people 
will really remove or not, is a question. Satisfaction is still to be given. 
In the mean time Mr. Galphin & Mr. Randon I believe both intend 


to send fresh goods to Euchee, for fear of each otlier. Undoubtedly they 
ought to fare ahke, whatever is resolved on. 

Pallachucola has of late Years misbehaved greatly, and bad Talks 
have been carried to & brought from the Lower Cherokees by their 
Second man Issulgy. On the 21st August he brought one from them 
inviting the people of that Town to do as they did, & kill White 
People. The Beads brought with that Message being not sent back, it 
was adjudged by the Upper Town Headmen an Acceptance of the 
Proposal. And they ordered them to be sent back, but not by the same 
man. I also ordered the Trade out of that Town. Whereupon they 
offered to comply & I gave leave to their Trader so soon as they should 
do that to trade as before. A letter was delivered by me to be carried 
at the same time to Lieutenant Coytmore at Fort Prince George. But 
the Letter & beads were delivered back to Issulgy himself, to return 
to the Cherokees, as not being able to get any other to do it. His own 
Brother Sahlegey, The Head Warrior of Ousetchee stopt him there as 
being an unfit person for the Purpose. After which the String of Beads 
breaking at a Ball Play, other beads like them were got together in 
their stead, which were objected to as not being the very same; and 
Aleck took Charge of my letter. He arrived here the day before 
yesterday with that Sahlegey, Craneneck, a head warrior of Cussihta & 
others. He pleads that the Palachucola young men being out hunting, 
there was none but Issulgy at home to carry the letter & Beads. That 
the Cherokee talk was not taken and that the Cherokees may have no 
Grounds to think it is taken, he will undertake still to send the Letter 
with other Beads & a Message to the Cherokees at his Return home, 
when their Hunters will be coming in. Thus stands that afair. I 
suppose the Trader Robt. Hannah substitute of Mr. Gassings is trading 
as before and Alshenar proposes to do the same. 

As to Coweta, the Trade was not withdrawn from it before I 
entered the Nation, on account of the English Scalps received in that 
Square. And they have done nothing yet to deserve its being restored. 
I can scarce speak bad enough of those who bear sway there. The 
French have not better Friends any where among those who pretend 
to have any connection with us. Those who are really well affected to 
us among them, I have scarce any other view than of separating from 
the rest. It would be too long a story to tell you all their infamous 
Behavior, their slights & opposition to me upon my first arrival in 
their Neighborhood, & the Favour & Countenance shewn at the same 
time to French Indian Agents & Frenchmen in Coweta while I resided 
near by at Cussihta. A Deputation of Headmen did apply to me before 
I left it, in order to get their Trader again; and made by words sub- 


mission. But as Scochaby or the Lieutenant, the Chief Warrior & 
greatest offender about the affair of the scalps, eldest of the 4 vile 
Brothers owners of the Town Ground & who overrules all when on the 
Spot was then absent from home, rambling, & therefore nothing could 
be done eflfectively without him, it was agreed between those Headmen 
& me to defer the Determination about the Trader until he should be 
at home, at the time of the Busk as expected, & then answer for him- 
self. He did appear at that Time but as he had done before so hath 
lived ever since like a Renegade, not coming once home while I was in 
the Nation. Two of those very headmen before named, who came as 
Deputies from Coweta to the General Meeting at Tookybahtchy be- 
haved excessively ill. One of them after private consultation whh the 
Heads of the French Party, departed home before I made my speech. 
Another, one of Scochaby's Brother, second man, called the French 
Officers by the time it was well ended, set off to the French Fort & 
then to Mobile & New Orleans, from whence he returned as I was 
coming from Ockfusky. Surprizing Instances can be given of the Deceit 
of that man, as well as of the Twins son & of their firm attachment to 
tlie French. But I forbear to say more at present upon that head. Many 
of that town being trained up in a French School, their thoughts, 
words & actions are the reverse of each other. 

When I was at Cussihta a Report that Captain Carr's son was 
coming to settle at the Fork of Altamahaw gave a sort of Alarm to the 
Creeks. I offered for their Satisfaction ?c my own to send a Whiteman 
with any of their People to examine into the Truth of it. But the 
Headmen at last waived it & proposed to let the matter rest a little. 
I heard afterwards some imperfect Relations that he was at the Fork. 
But before I left the Nation, the uneasiness revived and on the Path 
coming down here I had information given me that Kennard had a 
Sum of Money offered him to carry some Indians down to you to 
speak in behalf of some Persons, among whom was Edm'd. Gray, that 
they might have a House built at the Fork, And that the said Kennard 
having carried out about 20 Indians of Hitcheta the Point &:c, had 
endeavored in the Woods either to purchase some Land in the Fork 
from them or their leave to build there. It is needless to remark 
upon so foolish a foimdation. It could be productive only of confusion. 
There are always to be found some Indians who for pay woidd furnish 
such a pretext, and some young Fellows & Renegades whom such a 
thing would suit, & who would countenance & support it so far as 
they could. But any settlement at that Fork at present is against the 
sense of the Creek Nation, & of the Headmen in general. The natural 
Jealousy of the Nation is raised within a few late Years with regard to 


Land to a Pitch almost beyond imagination. Aleck told me "that 
Captain Can's son now lives at the Fork, having a House built there, 
a stock of Hogs, and he believes of cattle also by this time. That this 
house was built while I was in the Upper Towns, & has been heard 
of now 3 moons ago. That all their Headmen are gieatly displeased 
that their people owe a great deal already to our Traders in the 
Nation and they go & lay out their Skins there wherewith they should 
pay their Debts. The Euchees in general & many of the Creek Towns 
being at this time gone to trade there. That as I came to set every 
thing right for them, all their Headmen would have him come to me 
to acquaint me of this affair; and that this was a part of his Business 
to me. He asked me if you had given a Paper to (Japtain Car's son to 
live at the Fork. I told him I did not believe you had. But that I heard 
Mary Bosomworth had bid him to go & live there; for that she lay 
claim to the Land." He replied, "It is not hers. It belongs to all the 
Red People. She has no business to go & live there." 1 asked him if the 
Headmen had sent word to Mr. Carr not to stay at the Fork, to which 
he answered, our Headmen told me to come to you Sc make haste home 
again. I shall hunt homeward and after all our People come in from 
their Hunts in the Spring (in about 2 Moons) we shall talk of it 
again. I will then go myself to the Fork & tell Carr not to stay there." 
I promised him, as that man is one of your People to write to you 
immediately about it. My own opinion is that unless the Nation is 
made entirely easy upon tliis Head, it will in the end be attended 
with the worst Consequences. 

I take this occasion to inform you that while I was at Cussihta i 
could not overlook the Deserts of this Aleck, who is a Mico of that 
Town, chosen speaker for all the Lower Towns, and bearing much 
sway among them. He had commonly spent much of his time in our 
Settlements among the White People; for whom he appeared to have a 
sincere Regard. He stayed at Cussihta from the Fall before my arrival, 
in expectation of my coming and was very serviceable, by helping to 
suppress bad talks which were then plenty. But he talked of returning 
to our settlements, so soon as I shall leave tlie Nation. In Truth he 
was poor k unable to maintain his Family in his own country in the 
manner they had lived. His wi\es therefore were often complaining 
that they did not live so well there as they had done. I considered 
that his living in the Settlements would be the means of drawing 
others that way, than which in my opinion there cannot be a worse 
thing. And as others thought as I did, that he could be of great Service 
were he to stay in the Nation constantly. I sounded him what he 
himself thought sufficient to support him & to induce him to do so. 


Arul he answered 20 cows k calves or a s(ock ol 10 Head of cattle 
little & big. Such a stock Mr. Galphin said might be bought of Mr. 
Shaw in his Neighborhood for about £5 or perhaps 4:10:0 per Head. 1 
then tliought it, & do still, well worthwhile for the two Provinces to 
join in making such a purchase for him, in order to fix him at home. 
Governor Lyttelton to whom I recommended it has consented to it. 
And as I told Aleck that I would use my endeavors to get such a stock 
for him from both Governors. I hope you will consent to it likewise 
seeing it tends so much to the Advantage of your Province. This not 
being a proper time of year for his driving cattle up to the Nation, I 
have told him that Mr. Galphin when he goes up in the Spring will then 
bring him word what he has to depend on. I hinted to him that it was 
reported hereabouts that he was going to live in the Georgia Settle- 
ments, somewhere near Medway. He said he heard the same 
himself as he came along, but that it is not true and that when he can 
get the cattle he will come & drive them home & stay there. 

When I was at Cheehaw, I heard of a Negroe Man there belonging 
to Captain James Mackay which had been taken up in the Summer 
1758, by an Indian of that Town known by the name of Guild Halls 
Old Son, at Conochy on this side Altamahaw River. I demanded him 
to be delivered up but the Indian was then out himting who claimed 
payment for his trouble & none would interfere in it. When I Avas 
leaving the Nation, I sent again to tell him, that if he did not care 
to deliver up the Negro for the pay stipulated by Treaty (a gun if 
taken on the East side of Altamahaw, Sc 2 guns or the value if taken 
on the West side & delivered either at Fort More or Palachuco Garri- 
son) then to send or carry him down himself to Captain Mackay. The 
Indian & the Negro both happened to be out in the Woods. John 
Hallett living with Macoy & Brown said that the Indian had said that 
he would carry home the Negio, or else he would have paid the 
Reward. Aleck has now undertaken to get it done. 

I am respectfully. Sir, Your Excellency's most 
obedient humble servant, 
/s/ Edm'd Atkin 
Edmund Atkin 


To The Kings beloved Men and Head Warriors of the 
upper and lower Creek Nations — 9th of February 1760 
Friends and Brothers, 

When I came first to this Country, I brought the Great King's 


talk with me which I delivered to you two years ago. The Great King 
charged me to take care of you; to hear your Complaints, to do justice; 
to be kind to you, and in all things to treat you as his Children; and 
my Brothers. I put the King's words in my heart, & that I never once 
forgot them. I call yourselves to Witness. 

When you met me last we mutually renewed our old Treaties, 
settled all differences then depending; strengthened and brightened 
our chain of Friendship; and made the path straight between us. 
You then declared we should be one People for ever; you engaged 
that our Friends should be your friends, and our enemies, you would 
treat as your enemies. I have not sent you one bad or Bloody Talk 
since I have been resided here. I have had no quarrel with the Red 
People; I never desire to have any. We live upon one ground; I wish it 
may be kept white; but my good disposition cannot, it seems, secure 
my People from Troubles. In the beginning of Winter some head men 
of the Cowetas and Cussetas came to see me, I told them the Chero- 
kees intended to do mischief and Bloody the path with the white 
People. That your hunting giounds lay in this Province and your 
people were always amongst us; that if the Cherokees should un- 
provokedly spill the Blood of my People, we should be obliged to 
avenge it; and we could not distinguish between the Indians of the 
two nations, I was afraid some Creeks woidd be killed by mistake, 
instead of Cherokees; and therefore desired you would not suffer the 
Cherokees to do any mischief on this side the Savannah River; and 
as the Cherokees Quarrel was only with the People of Carolina and 
tlie other Provinces, I forbid your friends going on the other side of 
that River, least they might be destroyed as Enemy Indians. The 
Head men of your nation accepted my Talk; and promised that if the 
Cherokees distiubed the People of Georgia or spoilt your Hunting 
grounds therein, they would resent it by making War upon them; I 
was satisfied with this promise and depended upon it. Your beloved 
men then told me that some of my People had settled beyond our 
Limits and desired they might be removed; I readily complied with 
tlieir requests and delivered them my Orders for that purpose to 
carry to those settlers which they did, and my people obeyed them. 
In this just and friendly manner I have always behaved to the Creeks. 
I never turned my back on them, not suffered them to leave me with 
empty hands, or troubled Hearts; I hope you will now remember 
these things and act accordingly. The Cherokees had no Quarrel with 
me; how the present Troubles with them began, I need not relate, 
for you know already, but ought to tell you that they lately made a 
Treaty of Peace with the Governor of South Carolina, and bound 


themselves therein to give full satisfaction for some white people they 
had recently killed. This Treaty the Governor was willing to believe 
they would observe and perform; but agreeable to their usual 
Treachery, he no sooner turned his back than they broke out War; 
murdered their Traders; and fell upon the back settlers, who depend- 
ing on that Treaty, were unguarded, apprehending no danger; many 
of them they have killed, with their wives and children; and to spoil 
your good name, and bring Trouble upon you; they have every where 
called themselves Creeks; and even in defiance of what the Head men 
of your Nation Engaged to me concerning the Cherokees; they have 
likewise come into this Province and killed several White People. This 
is what compells me to call upon you at present; I do it for your 
sakes as well as our own; It is impossible our People can carry on their 
Trade with you unless you protect them from their Enemies. While 
we are thus disturbed, it is impossible you can hunt in these parts 
without being exposed to danger; for our Warriors will soon be out; and 
the Cherokees say they will kill some of your People and make you 
believe the white People did it. Your Fathers were wise men, they held 
fast by the English; they desired you to do the same, hitherto you 
have done so, and no mischief has come upon you. You will not now 
I hope turn fools and mad; You will not give up your trade; spoil your 
name; suffer yourselves to be interrupted in your Hunting Grounds; 
expose yourselves, and your Families to Danger; bring trouble upon 
your Nation; forsake your friends; and forget your Promises, for the 
sake of the Cherokees, your old enemies; who still hate you in their 
hearts; on the contrary, if you would show yourselves men. Friends to 
the English; to your-selves, to your Wives and to your children; you 
will join with us upon this occasion to punish the madness and 
Treachery of the Cherokees. This will make your name dear to us; 
This will prove you Brothers indeed I This will make the Great King 
and his beloved men stand by assist and regard you and your Children, 
in War and in Peace; as long as the Sun Shines and the Rivers run 
into the Sea. 


I never threw your Words away and I earnestly desire you will 
not cast away mine: but accept my Talk and Take up the Hatchet in 
Defense of the white People, agreeable to your own interest and the 
Many Treaties you have concluded with them: The spirits of your 
Friends and country men formerly murdered by the Cherokees, are not 
satisfied; and the blood of our People cries loudly for Revenge. If you 


want anything to begin with, I have ordered the Traders to supply it: 
so I bid you Farewell. 

/s/ Henry Ellis 


Friends and Brothers, 

Robert French is just come from your Nation and reports that 
several Traders in the Upper Towns have, at the Instigation of our 
Enemies, been killed by some of your mad People. I hope you re- 
member. Brothers, that in our Treaties with you it is agreed that if 
the red or white People shall have any Thing to complain of each 
other, they are in a friendly Manner to apply for Redress; the red 
People to me, and I to the Head Men of your Nation. If you have any 
real Cause to be dissatisfied with the white People I desire you will 
let me know it to the end that it may be removed and not suffer your 
mad People to go on killing our Traders, as French say they have 
done. Hearken to me. Brothers! I advise you as your true Friend not 
to throw away the white People, but hold them the faster by the 
Hand the more our Enemies endeavour to separate Us: And though 
some of your People may have done a mad Thing, yet Friends may 
overlook it, and make all straight again: Which that we may the 
sooner do, send down an head Man with your answer to me who shall 
meet with no harm but return safely to you; and you may be assured 
that though there are many of your People now amongst Us, none of 
them shall be molested for we love to live in Peace with the red 
People, Brothers do not throw away this Talk of your Friend. 
Given under my hand and seal at Arms at 
Savannah in the Province of Georgia this twenty 
sixth Day of May 1760. 

/s/ Henry Ellis 
To the Micos, Head-Men and Warriors of the Creek Nations, 
The Governor of Georgia sends Greetings. 

Copied from a photocopy. Location of original is unknown. 



THIS INDENTURE, made the Twenty Eighth day of October in 
the year of our Lord one thousand and seven hundred and seventy four 


and in the fifteenth year of our reign of our Sovereign Lord George the 
third by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King 
defender of the faith and so forth. BETWEEN Chehaw, Meco Houtle- 
poak Chehaw Tustonice, Osoche, Chookohate Emahtla Cheahaw 
Mikan Tlakou Cussetta Chesca Meco, Cusseta Tesconache Cusseta 
Yaka Tusconatche Cusseta Esphan Tusconache Cusseta Yakene, 
Meko Cusseta Estechaco Talase Cusa Meko Cusseeta Estechaco Tolase 
Cusa Meko Cusseeta Toheettle Cusseetee Tonapeahowchie Cusseta 
Tolopeochoosa Osocliee, Yalioola Meko Cussetta Etome Hawchu 
Cusseeta Pliosatchee Hawche Cusseta Ochcancana Hulata Tukebatche 
Cretale Ematla Thlathlee Hawchee. Head Men warriors chiefs and 
kings of the lower and upper Creek Nation of the one part and 
Jonathan Bryan of the Province of Georgia Esquire of the other part. 
WITNESSETH that they the said [for brevity the names of the Indians 
are not repeated here and hereafter as they are repeated in the original; 
however, note that the spelling of the names as repeated in this in- 
denture and in the signatures is not consistent though it appears that 
they are intended to be the same and the variations are probably 
due to errors of the scrivener in translating the names phonetically] 
for and in consideration of the sum of One hundred pounds lawful 
Money of the Province of Georgia to them in hand paid at or before 
the sealing and delivery of these presents the receipt whereof is 
hereby acknowledged and also for and in Consideration of the great 
regard they bear to the said Jonathan Bryan have and each of them 
hath in behalf of themselves their heirs and successors and in behalf 
also of the rest of the Creek Nation demised [devised ?] Granted and 
to farm letten and by these presents do and each of them doth 
demise Grant and to farm let unto the said Jonathan Bryan, his Heirs, 
Executors and Administrators, All that Plantation tract or parcel of 
Land known by the name Lockeway and the Appelache old fields, 
bounded to the West by the Gulph of Mexico and the Apalachinla 
River to the North by the line drawn part of the said River where 
the Cattaowchee an drawn from part of the said River where the 
Cattaowchee an[d] Flint Rivers meet to the source of Saint Marys 
River, and from thence in a South West course on a direct line to 
the Gulf of Mexico being part of the lands in and belonging to the 
Creek Nation together with all the premises and appurtenances there- 
unto belonging TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said tract or parcel 
of land and premises before mentioned with the Appurtenances unto 
the said Jonathan Bryan, his heirs Executors Administrators and 
Assigns from the day of the date of these presents for and during, and 
until the full end & term of four Score and ninteen Years from thence 


next ensuing and fully to be compleat and ended. Yielding and paying 
therefor yearly and every year during the said term unto them the 
said [names of Indian grantees] their Heirs or Successors the rent of 
One hundred Bushels of Indian Corn to be delivered on some con- 
venient part of the said tract or parcel of land. And the said Jonathan 
Bryan for himself his heirs Executors Administrators and Assigns doth 
covenant promise and Grant to and with them the said [names of 
Indian grantees] their heirs and successors that he will well and truly 
pay and deliver or cause to be paid and delivered unto them the 
said [names of Indian grantees] their Heirs and successors the said 
yearly rent of One hundred Bushels of Indian Corn above reserved in 
the manner and form as above expressed and agreeable to the true 
intent and meaning of these presents. And they the said [names of 
Indian grantees] for themselves their heirs and Successors, and for 
the rest of the Creek Nation do and each of them doth covenant 
promise and grant to and with the said Jonathan Bryan his heirs 
Executors Administrators and Assigns paying the said yearly rent of 
One hundred bushels of Corn shall and may peaceably and quietly 
have hold use occupy possess and enjoy the said tract or parcel of Land 
and premises above mentioned or intended to be hereby demised and 
every part and parcel thereof with the appurtenances for and during 
the said term hereby granted and without any interuption or denial 
of them the said [names of Indian grantees] their heirs Successors or 
of any other or others of the Creek Nation or of any other person or 
persons whatsoever lawfully claiming or to claim any right Title or 
Interest from by or under them any or either of them. In Witness 
whereof the said head Men, Warriors, Chiefs and Kings of the said 
Creek Nation of the one part and Jonathan Bryan of the other part 
have here unto set their hands and seals for the purposes aforesaid 
the day and year first written. 
Sealed & delivered 
in tiie presence of: 

/s/ each of 21 Indian signatories by mark. 
/s/ James Adair 
/s/ Hugh Bryan 
/s/ Seaborn Jones 


Personally appeared before me Adrian Mayer Esquire one of his 
Majesties Justices, assigned to keep the peace for the County of 
Granville in the Province of South Carolina aforesaid James Adair and 
Seaborn Jones who being duly sworn say that they saw the within 


named; [names of Indian grantees], and for the rest of the Creek 
Nation of one part, and Jonathan Bryan of the other part sign seal and 
as their Act and deed deliver the within instrument of writing for the 
purposes Therein mentioned and also that these deponents together 
with Hugh Bryan subscribe their names as Witnesses thereto. 
Sworn to the 
10th 1774 

Before me 

/s/ Adrian Mayer, J. P. 

/s/ James Adair 
/s. Seaborn Jones 


Secretary's Office 24th Deer. 1794 
I do hereby certify that the annexed five sheets contains a true 
copy from the Record in C.C. of Conveyances fo. 729 a 732 — which 
record bears date the 22nd day of August 1776. 

/s/ Jno. Milton, Secy. 

Note: The Hopewell Treaty was negotiated with the Cherokees and all other 
Indian Southward of them within the limits of the United States, as of that time 
(1785), by a United States Commission consisting of: Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew 
Pickens, Joseph Martin and Lachlan Mcintosh, also present were agents appointed 
by the states of North Carolina and Georgia (William Blount of North Carolina 
and John King and Thomas Glascock of Georgia). At the time this conference was 
an important attempt to reconcile the constant pressure of the American Settlers 
who were encroaching upon the Indians' hunting grounds, and the Indian Nations 
which represented most of the Indians in the area who had been allies of Great 
Britain in the American Revolutionary War and who stubbornly and fiercely re- 
sented the inroads made by the white men into their territory. The Congress of 
Hopewell is well reported in Stevens' History of Georgia, Vol. II, pp. 417-429. The 
site of the Congress was near Seneca, an Indian town, in South Carolina about 
fifteen miles above the junction of the Kiowee and Tugaloo Rivers. 



Part of letter from Edmond Brailsford to his father ca. 1710. 

The Truth of any Evil you had heard of her as to have En- 
quired into it which I know you could not have done but would have 
found it to have been false & I make no doubt but that she will at 
the Last day appear to the Confusion of those who have done me & 
her [? one short word] this hurt / Now Sr if what I have been Speaking 
to were your reasons (k none less I think can be reasons for Parents 


are not causeksesly to Fret their children) The Last as it was [? about 
half a line] and for the first however it might seem to you heretofore 
it cannot surely be of any great [? one word] with you now, for had I 
had your consent in what Sr could you have blam'd my marriage Do 
but ask your heart (when it is least against me) that question & I dare 
abide by what it says./ 

Tha same Fact has not always the same Guilt, different circum- 
stances may so alter it that it may be alike in nothing but the name./- 
I have been Disobedient which nothing can justifie, but should hop€ it 
has as few accidents to aggravate it as a Crime of that nature will 
admit: none as Less more than what a father's affection might forgive: 
& was not your heart Estrang'd from me I [? about half a line] in my 
favor which it [? one word] not me to mention, for it is a nice Thing 
to speak, of oneself k as dangerous to Implead a Father [? one short 
word] if this brings nothing to your mind I must not Sj^eak more 
plain / all I shall say farther is. That if you had been pleas'd to have 
forgiven me & I had been to you as your other Children I should ever 
have acknowledg'd it as of your Indulgence, ])ut as it is I surely have 
[? probably "some" or "more"] Reason to Complain/ I know not that in 
anything else I ever offended you more than your other Children & to 
throw me away for one Transgression betrays a great willingness to 
part with me It is however my duty still to sue to you for Forgiveness 
which I do with my prayers to Almighty God for you [? one word] &c. 
under Cover of Mr Geo Brailsford 
per Cap't Perhallowy 

This document is a whole short letter and a mutilated portion of another, all on 
what appears to have been originally one piece of paper. 


document is a whole short letter and a mutilate 
)pears to have been originally one piece of papi 

London Feb'y 7 1726/7 
Dear Son 

I dont tloubt but iliat your Wife has given you an account of the 
death of your Aunt & what she has left yoin- Son Edward & the Execu- 
tors hatli desire he may be sent to England & I do require the same 
upon my Blessing & if he should desire to return to you again I will 
give my consent to it, my Sister has left to your other 4 Sons £50 each 
to be paid after my death for your good thinking it may be an Ad- 
vantage to you I am willing to let you have the £200 pounds paid you 
as you shall direct me to pay it giving me a discharge for the same 
I desire Ted may see this letter/ Your Affac Father Ed. Brailsford 



Hono'd Sir, 

The 5th May I reed yours under cover of one from Mr Rouse to Mr 
Rhett acquainting me the decease of my Aunt Brailsford, & the Will 
of my Son's Guardians that he should return to England/ In the first 
place, I do not think that any Bequest can cover a Title to any 
person to Supersede that propriety & Jurisdiction the Nature of the 
relation gives a parent in & over his Child./ And I am as far from 
thinking THE LOSING HIS TIME HERE, good reason for the 
so sending for him; because, Whether he has Lost his time, or has 
not, is a matter utterly impossible to be known to those persons who 
make it an argument./ But when S'r you know, that he did Lose his 
time in England, & I know that all he does [? one or two words] from 
me, it turns the argument for his continuing here./ It is not therefore 
that I think the [Executors ha]ve any right to call him from me, or 
that For so plainly as they see, that it will be for his [advantage] to 
return, that I determine to send back (for Less reasons) to remove 
all occasion of thinking Evil, & to shew that I dare have my honour 
enquir'd into of that very person on whose account it is arrang'd./ 
Thus far, S'r to you as in Concert with the Executors Sc 1 now turn to 
you as my father, beseeching you to hear me patiently & with an un- 
prejudic'd mind: with Supposals that I may have been unkindly used, & 
may not have merited those doubts & questionings of Comon honesty in 
me/ And because we do not readily part with an opinion once receiv'd, 
I must prevail with you to Lay this aside, 'till you can in some measure 
bring your self so to do./ 

I will not enquire S'r what reason you should think it necessary 
but I may ask whereof you should do so suspect my concealing the 
receipt of that letter a[nd] send it under cover of another's for witness, 
or that I should need be ordered to LET MY SON [see] THAT 
LETTER./ Before I receiv'd this (for Mr Rhett would not send it by 
the [? two words] my other letters from Town) I read to my son 
what my Wife wrot in relation to my Aunts decease & told him if I 
found the Executors so earnest for his return to England, as she &: 
Mr Rhett seem'd to say, he should go./ So that there did not happen 
to be any excuse for that great Caution or Severe injunction./ And as if 
all this fore-cast were not enough Mr Rouse (at the desire I suppose 
of Mrs Webb) writes Mr Rhett to acquaint my Son therewith./ It is 
hardly justifiable in Mrs Webb to think Evil of a Man she knows not 
but by name, but to express her jealousie in such a way, is striking at 
my Character, & in an indirect manner telling the people here, that 


whatever fair opinion they may have of me, the few who know me 
better know better things. 

It will be needless S'r, to say to you why I expected to have been 
remembered by my Aunt in her Will; because though you do not 
know all that she has said to me on that Score, yet you do know that 
I had all the reason in this world [? two or three words] word of a 
person so devotedly religious could give./ And therefore, when from 
[? four or five words] an Executor my N[ame] [? one word] mention'd 
which [?] distinguish between my Child [? one word]; & when farther 
one of [? one word] is taken fr[om] [? six or eight words] your home- 
stead prompt to do something for [? half a line] anything to do therein. 
I have [? one line missing] argument is mine./ And to make this good, 
I will tell you S'r a truth I should not dare, but that I expect to have 
it confirm'd by my Son & it is, That he could not when he came 
to me read a Chapter in the Bible./ I must return to my former proof, 
Ask him, S'r./ Ask him if I have not heard him as a child, & with 
great patience attended to his repeating a word for (it may be) fifty 
times together to inure his mouth to the proper pronounciation./ Now 
S'r you know that he has had from his Infancy all the ordinary means 
of Learning. (I have heard you say (I think) more than ordinary) & 
is not this having Lost his time? Losing it where he is now sent for to? 
Or is there, who will take more care that he does not now, than you 
have heretofore done? 

It is not my design to say more of, or enquire farther into things 
than may just serve to acquit myself & I shall therefore leave this, with 
this: & speak a word or two to an accusation of Mrs Webb's; [? one or 
two words] cause in your hearing deserves that notice./. Her words 
(my Wife writes me) are Madam [? a whole line is unreadable] [err]ands 
& waiting on his Brothers, that he was made a perfect Lackey, & sent 
from one end of the Town to the other, & then to Mrs Thorp's to 
dinner/It is to say S'r beside my purpose to give you trouble more 
than what the acquitting my self to you makes necessary; & I therefore 
pass immediately to the accusing part./ I may I think send my Son on 
my errands without being said Why to by anyone./ 

But it is false in fact: (in the sence I mean it is spoke of) I had no 
Errands to send him on 'till the Time of my preparing to come hither, 
& that was rather going with, than being sent by me./ If he came to 
the house where I was so Kindly Entertain'd, he was I dare say always 
ask'd to meal, & I shall not forget, as kindly Entreated to stay when 
he made offer of going./ Some times we parted at a different part of 
the Town, k if at these ti[mes] he did go home to Eat what he paid 
for, it might have been put up without being made a [? one or two 


words] from my Cousin Thorp, or matter of accusation from Mrs. 
Webb./ For Waiting on [? one or two words] return to my old argu- 
ment, ask him./ 

The above is a much deteriorated letter, which has been laminated; pieces are 
missing and parts of the writing, over the past 250 years, have rubbed off. 

648-Folder 433(1) 

[Jacob Read, Savannah] 

My Good Sir Smithfield Bars London 4th Aug'st 1775 

I am now to acknowledge the Receipt of your two Favors Dated 

the 15th of May and 21st of June for both which I most Sincerely 

thank you I was not Nor had any Right to be Angry — with 

You or any of my Friends for not writing but I was really Concern'd 
every Day Convinces one of the Instability of Friendship and how 
Valuable a Sincere Friend is Such I have found. You and those Friends 
I Complained of — Several Vessels arriving and not a Line from those 
I had so much Reason to Esteem I fear'd I had quite Tired You all But 
I will Quit this Subject as I have now had the pleasure of hearing from 
my three Friends and have no Reason to Doubt the Continuance of 

their Friendship Your Son Call'd on me the Latter End of April 

and Gave me a memorandum to get Shoes for You Your Son George 
Miss Read and Betsy But my Dear Sister was taken 111 Just at that 
time and Continued so till the Seventh of June She kept Her 'Bed two 
and thirty Days — In Her I have Lost the best of Sisters a most Af- 
fectionate Sincere Friend and Companion I shall have reason to 
Lament Her as Long as I live But I am Obliged to Exert myself and 
appear Cheerful when my Heart is Truly Distressed for my Brother is 
as much Concerned at the Loss of Her that — He has been in a very 
Indifferent State of Health ever Since You know I told you He was 
the Most Affectionate of Brothers whenever I am Deprived of Him 

the Measure of my Woe — will be full This Affliction I doubt 

not you will — admit a Sufficient Reason for my not Writing by 
Rainier I beg'd the Good Coll' to tell you and His Son the Trouble 
I was in and that I would write by Mac Gillvray He was to have sail'd 
this Week but Mr Clark tells me He has such Disagreeable Accounts 
per the Georgia packett that He will not send Him till He hears 
further from Georgia so that I know not when I shall be able to send 
this but am Willing to have it Ready in Case He should Change His 

mind your Son has had Yours Georges and the Leather Shoes for 

miss Betsy to send by Rainier since which I have not had the pleasure 
of Seeing Him But hear He is gone to France I have got the Shoes made 


tor Your Daughters but Am Advised not to Attempt sending anything as 

it is not Doubt'd Here but Your Port is Shut up 1 have wrote to 

every one that sent to me for Goods my Reasons for not sending them 
I hope Mrs. Lloyd will approve of it I have done for Her as I would for 

myself 1 was in ho{:>es of seeing Your Son made me not send the 

Shoes to Him as soon as finish*t Mrs Carne was with me about a fort- 
night ago She was then well and tells me Mr. Read will be gone two or 

three Months I am Obliged to you for some pickled pork which 

Mrs. Carne at Your Sons Request sent me in May Last She sent me the 
Six Spare Ribs two Legs and two Joints all of which was very Good 

You and Mrs. Read will I hope Accept my thanks for it I am 

Affraid I shall have some trouble with Isaac Young if I cannot Obtain 
the Grant of the surpluss measure (I have wrote to the Coll' about 
it I suppose He will Show You that part of my Letter) I must Intreat 
You my Friend to Assist in getting the Grant for me if possible I will 
willingly pay the Expense of geting it to have done with a Man who 
has made gieat professions of Friendship to me but has now Convinced 
me He is quite Unacquainted with what Friendship really is He never 
wrote one Single Line to me since I have been in England but His 
Wife writes me if I cannot get the Grant I must return the Money 
but that Mrs. Farley will Let me into the Light of it Farley has not 

yet Call'd on me It would put me to great Illconveniency to 

return the Money for my Income is but small Mr Elliott drew 

the Writings and says I need not be Uneasy but that He would have 

me by all means get the Grant if possible I hope the Confusion 

You are now in at Savannah will not prevent its being Granted 

Do You think it Necessary for me to write to Capt Powell about it 

The Land was bought by Mr. Vincent of Him I should have 

been very Uneasy at the Death of Barnard had not Coll' Jones Wrote 
me when He sent me His Last Bill of forty pounds & Capt Rainier 
that Barnards Debt was so well Secured that Could He get Bills He 
would remit it altho He had not Received it This makes one hope 
You are Mistaken and that the Coll: is very Safe with Regard to that 
Debt — It is a Debt of Long standing for I have been upwards of 

five Years in England The Coll' writes that You will Assist in 

Buying Skins for Jermyn Wrights Debt (Will it be possible to Buy 
Skins now and if you do will you have an Oppertunity of sending 
them) I have had so many proofs of Your Friendship that I did not 
in the Least doubt Your kind Assistance in that or any thing Else to 
Serve me and You See I am constantly Troubling You. 

I did not send Your Son the Bills of the Shoes He Has had for 
You but will for them and those I have now by me when He returns 


from France I have r.oi seen him since the Latter End of June He was 
then very well 

I am truly Distressed at the Melancholy Situation all America is 
in I am so great a Lover of Liberty that I glory in the Spirited Be- 
haviour of the Americans God Almighty will I hope protect all my 
particular Friends and keep the Seat of Warr far Distant from them 

I believe Government will if possible Subdue America Our 

Ministry have no feeling for their Fellow Creatures or they would not 
Continue sending Troops to be Cut to pieces as I doubt not will be 

the Case of those sent to the Northern Provinces I hear some is 

to be sent to Georgia and Carolina I suppose neither of the Provinces 
will be able to prevent their Landing I tremble for all my Friends 
should Troops be sent and they should Oppose them — Be so kind to 
let me hear how You go on in Savannah as often as Convenient My 
Brother Joins me in Hoping this will find you, Mrs Read and all 

Your Family well with thanks for Your Remembrance of Him 

I fear I have tired You with this Tedious Epistle so will Conclude 
with Assuring You no person Living Can more Sincerely wish You 
and Yours Health and that Happier times may attend You all I am 

Your Sincere and Obliged Friend 
Hannah Vincent 
I am Surprised at Mac Gillvrays Sailing but as I have not seen Mr 
Clark I cannot account for it He positively told me He should not 
Sail till He heard further from Georgia I hope He had more pleasing 
Accounts since I see Him Capt Inglis I hear is to Sail at Same time 
I write to Mrs Cowper per Inglis 

On the reverse side: 

Hannah Vincent Lond 4th Augs't 1775 Ans [Hands ?] pr. Rainier 


[To L's. Richards] [29 Feb. 1776] 


I had the pleasure of perusing the letter you sent Mr Adamson my 
father in law and am glad to hear of your welfare. Health is a 
blessing which I think [we] never can be thankful enough for, es- 
j>ecially when I reflect on those who lie on beds of sore distress & 
languishing with pain can scarce utter one sign for the immortal part, 
the soul, but all their cry relief from pain for the body. I once thought, 
O may it be forgiven me, that a death bed was time enough to repent: 
but it was the Lord's will to convince me of my error, by throwing 


me into a severe collit [this word is crossed out] for three days which 
time 1 was incapable of thinking about time or eternity, so that I 
found I could not repent when I pleased, for I really thought I shou'd 
have died, yet I could take no thought about death. When I re- 
covered I thought on those words "I also will laugh at y'r calamity & 
I will mock when Y'r fear cometh— Then shall they call on me, but I 
will not answer: they shall seek me early but [they] shall not find me. 
I can't say but they oppress me, still at times, but thro the Lords & 
mercy I remember'd his ever precious promises "Look unto me & be 
ye saved, all the ends of the earth for I am God & there is none else. 
The prophet Isiah is to beautiful about the coming of our Blessed 
Lord & Saviour Jesus Christ that I delight much to read his prophecy. 
I think his words is very comforting to an afflicted soul & may be 
applied to the present situation of America, where he says, if I mistake 
not. Oh thou afflicted: tossed with tempest & not comforted! behold, 
I will lay thy stones with fair collours, & lay thy foundations with 
sapphires. When I reflect upon the condescention of the great God 
who was infinitely happy in himself, I am lost to think how he came 
to die for sinful guilty worms, that can make no recompense, it is 
amazing — yet I find after all that He hath done for me [these two 
words are lined out] my heart is so dreadful hard & cold towards him 
that I know not what to do I long to love my Jesus my Jesus, if I may 
call him mine, for what he hath done does & because he's in himself 
lovely, when others can speak of what he hath done for them, I am 
obliged to hold my peace. So far I cant say one word my heart is so 
deceitful & desperately wicked, that was I to say any thing I fear it 
wou'd be nought but hypocrisei. 1 often thought of speaking to you 
at Mr Hill, about Jesus but finding myself so Ignorant, I was afraid I 
could not be able to answer you to any questions you should have 
proposed, I am very plain. I hope you will pardon me. I will give you 
a short account of a very alarming, what shall I call it accident I 
cannot, but judgment rather. A fire broke out a Sabbath Night it 
consumed a number of dwelling houses besides other out buildings it 
burnt both sides of the street which led towards the bay So furious, that 
it was out of the power of man to stop it. 1 was very much alarmed. I 
could not help meditating upon the day when the world shall be on 
fire, O if I am found naked, not cloth'd with the righteousness of the 
blessed Lamb, how shall I be able to abide his coming. I fear I have 
been presumptuous laying hold of the promises when I have no right 
to them, dear Mr W- came & reasoned with me at the time of ye fire, 
I was ashamed to let any one know I was frightened. He ask'd me what 
had I to fear if I had Jesus, but oh Mr Richards was I sure that Jesus 


was mine I wou'd not fear earth or hell. But it is a shocking thing to 
deceive myself at the expence of my soul k vast eternity. Examine me 
O Lord and prove mc; try my veins & my heart. Shew me thy ways, O 
Lord; teach me tliy paths. I write as one bewildered I believe but I 
beg you will pardon me. I shall no longer intrude upon y'r good 
Nature with this troublesome epistle, only implore you to remember 
me in all Your Petitions & intercessions to the throne of grace. 

I presume I shall be very bold, if I beg an epistolary correspondence 
with you Sir, however I hope you will be rewarded if you grant my 
request. By the great rewarder, & my soul Edified by y'r epistles, Please 
to present my love to Mrs Richards, tho I am not so happy to be Ac- 
quainted with her. May you live. Sir, to see your labours crowned with 
success may you see of the travail of the Saviours Soul thro y'r means, 
and be Satisfied, Is the sincere desire & wish of Sir your humble 


Mary Bum 

On the back is this note, in apparently the same hand. 
Sent the Contents to Mr Richards feby 29 1776 


Note — this manuscript is badly damaged at the folds and portions are un- 


Mrs Mary Burn 
Meeting Street 

Charles Town High Hills March 20th 1776 

Dear Madam, 

Yours of the 27th of last Month I receiv'd Second inst. for which 
Epistle I heartily thank you I should have answer'd it immediately 
if Providence hadn't called me from Hence. You say you shall be very 
bold if you beg an Epistolary Correspondence with me; not at all 
Madam, I am willing to oblige you in any thing of that [? one or two 
words] what I fear is, my Epistle will not be worth your reading, 
for I am too dead in my own Soul, as well as Full of Sin: when I desire 
to do good; evil is present with me. when I am before God in Prayer, 
even then Satan is a tiny tight [?] hand, accusing me to God; saying 
see how black his Garments are. There [?] I may take shame to myself 
and say I am black but comely, my belov'd is white and ruddy, the 
chiefest among Ten Thousand, indeed Madam it is well for me, I 
have a Jesus to go to at all times, for I too often defile myself (to my 


sorrow 1 must say it) blessed be God, for the Fountain that is opened 
for Sin & for Uncleanness. You say the Lord has enabled you to read 
his glorious Promises &c. indeed they are glorious sure enough, glorious 
things are spoken of thee, Oh thou City of God. Glorious things are 
spoken of them, who are ye habitation of God thro' ye Spirit, and I 
believe you are one of those that has tasted y't ye Lord is gracious 
indeed, what gieat cause have you Madam to bless God for thus enabl- 
ing you to lay hold of his Promises, which are yea 8: amen in Christ 
Jesus, there are many deluded Souls that are alwa) s iiearing and never 
come to ye knowledge of ye truth, a lamentable thing to think of. 
This is not the case with ye Elect, for Christ by grace makes them 
wise unto Salvation. I have thought of late, what great Reason be- 
lievers has to rejoice in God, as well as to glorify him even in the Fires. 
Christ hath bought us at a dear rate, even with his own Blood. O 
there is no Love like his Love, it is free and pure, as well as from 
Eternity. This is a matter of consolation to us Madam I will never leave 
thee, nor forsake with Jesus. Farther all things shall work together 
for good to them that love God which is the case with you, altho' 
you seem to doubt it, for you say you are afraid you were too pre- 
sumptuous in laying hold of Promises when you had no right to them, 
as to this assertion, I ask you, how could you be too presumptuous 
when God commanded, as well as enabled you to believe in them; 
you did no more than your Duty: and therefore it is no presumption, 
it is owing to ye remainder of sin in a believer that he doubts; — were 
we without sin we should never doubt at all [for about 1/3 page the 
center portion at the fold is obliterated] 

You observe farther in your letter was you sure that Jesus is yours 
you would not fear Earth or Hell, it appears to me in this assertion, 
you have faith of a Triumphant Nature, by your saying you would not 
fear Earth nor Hell which shews plainly you believe Jesus is stronger 
than both, and will make you more than a Conqueror, by your saying 
you would not fear &c. — however, that you may have satisfaction in 
your own mind, and to know whether you are in Christ or no: I 
propose the following Questions viz: do you remember ye time when 
Jesus was not yours, neither had you [? 1 word] desire y't he should, do 
you remember when you saw no comeliness in Christ? neither did you 
converse about him because you was a stranger unto him. do you re- 
member, if you were once well pleased to go in Sin? and if ye Lord 
made you sensible of it by sending his Word with power into your 
Conscience so as to make Sin a burden to you, yea too heavy for you 
to bear, till you were obliged to cry out Lord save me I perish, and 
did not the Lord enable you by by faith to look luito Christ, who is 


tlie end of the Law for Righteousness and does not ye spirit of God, 
bear witness with your Spirit, that you are a Child of God if ye Spirit 
of truth sanctifies your heart and gives you a desire to love Christ 
above all things, it is evident to me you have passed from death unto 
life, and would advise you by all means to hold fast that you got, let 
no one take your Crown from you. The present Calamities, we struggle 
vmder, distresses me much, but I shall hope God will ere long visit 
our Land with the Day star from on high, when we shall learn War 
no more. Blessed be God, the Day is coming when ye weary shall be 
at perfect rest Pray God grant that you Sc me may stand at his right 
hand, in the day that [? 2 words] up his jewels. Oh! The true Peace & 
happiness the Christian finds [? 1 or 2 words] it is a secret Joy & con- 
solation in ones own Breast [the next 17 lines are unintelligible] just 
dawning upon America, when the cloud is dispers'd. I trust you'll re- 
member and mine in your Prayers at the [? 1 word] of Grace! Mrs. 
Richards and myself join in love to you 

I am dear Madam, Your Sincere Friend & humble Servant for 
Christ sake &c. 

/s/ L's Richards 
April 23d 1776 

Note that there are two dates on this letter. In addition, on the back is a nota- 
tion: "Recei\ed 25 April 1776." 


Mrs Mary Burn 

near the White Meeting House 

Charlestown Savannah 19 August 1776 

Dear Madam 

According to your request, I now sit down to write you a few lines, 
although I have nothing very particular to acquaint You of, only mis- 
fortunes! which was my lott, from the beginning to the end of my 
Journey. The morning I left Town I got no farther than Porpon, where 
I stop'd till Monday Morning on account of the badness of the weather, 
I Preach'd twice on Sunday, and when I had my Horse brought from 
the pasture in which he was put, I found him so lame, that he could 
not put one foot to the ground, what w^as the matter with him I 
cannot tell, but I fear by some means or other he had put his Shoulder 
out. I was obliged to leave him, and purchase another and he was so 
weak and f[ai]nty, that he almost gave out the first day, tho' I rode 
but 28 miles, the next day I proceeded to Purishburgh, about 24 miles 
on Wednesday morning I set off for Georgia, and happened to overtake 


some of my friends, for which I was very glad, we crossed Savannah 
River together after that, thro' an exceeding boggy Swamp, of three 
miles and half across, and a gieat number of bridges which we were 
to mend, before we could venture on. [? three or four words] in when 
three Horses were upon it, all which had like to have been drown'd 
so before we were able to help them, from that we went but a little 
way the road being so exceeding bad, the waters being so very much 
in the paths, on Thursday morning we set out for Savannah, but such 
difficulty I never met with by land before, here the Bridges were all 
gone, I with the rest were obliged to strip, an[d] go in to mend them, 
before we could pass after such difficulty we got safe to Savannah in 
the afternoon, where I found my Friend Capt. Roberts, with many 
others well, he desires liis best compliments to you, Mr & Mrs Adamson, 
Generals Leed How arrived here Last Saturday, on Sunday I Preached 
to the Military Gent, from 2 Chro. 20. 17. and shall preach again this 
evening. I have seen Mr & Mrs Cosson, who desire to be remembered 
to you all I had like to forgot to mention that a great number of 
Troops, arrived the same day with the Generals, who had been waiting 
at Purishburgh for their arrival, they were received he[re] by a dis- 
charge of the Cannon, on Saturday before I arrived here Independency 
was declared, and KIXG GEORGE the THIRD BURIED. So that his 
name will no more rise here, but I think I have said enough to tire 
your patience, however I hope you will bare with me a little longer 
while I dwell a little upon another subject. Methinks I hear you say, 
that is all my delight, to hear of Jesus, and what he has done for such 
poor Sinners as I am, I know you will be cry[ing] out [? one word] too 
unworthy, but that cannot be, none can or can be too unworthy; for 
such Jusus died, and is become a Fountain in which poor sinners (tho' 
as black as Hell) may wash and be clean from all their filthiness — 
cannot you say then, since he's a fountain there I'll bathe, let not the 
Tempter draw your mind from resting upon your Jesus, you must 
press like the poor woman, thro' all the crowd of [?] sin. Temptations, 
ever keep upon your watch Tower, than some of these Things will 
ever be able to move you from your Confidence, Live upon the presence 
[?] of Jesus every moment, I know of nothing short of this can satisfy 
a heaven iDorn Soul, altho' the proud hosting Pharisee thinks he never 
offended God. The wicked & profane think God will pass by their 
transgressions thus tliey go on deceiving themselves, but there is a 
reality in true religion, which will be made productive of much fruit, 
so that a good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, therefore it matters 
not tho' a Man had all knowledge, all gifts, all Eloquence, all Learn- 
ing, and tho' their profession should be [one small word] most 


splendid, it is good for nothing if Charity is wanting for s[aid] St. 
John "if a man say he loveth God and [? one word] Brother he is a 
Her," for if we love not our brother whom we have seen, how can we 
love God whom we have not seen." Where God is there is love, and 
he that loveth is born of God, but where God is not, there is nothing 
but hatred, Malice, wrath, Thif [?], Where ever you see these Things 
be assured the[re] is no Christ, no Grace, in the Heart. But I am per- 
suaded better Things of you and things that accompany Salvation, tho' 
I thus speak. Such may [? 3| or 4 words] You which I have been Mention- 
ing. Therefore you may always set them down for wicked persons I 
must now come to a close having swell'd my Scrall beyond the 
common bound & that Jesus may bless, guide guard, and ever keep and 
strenthen you in his ways, is and shall be the earnest prayer of, Madam, 
Your Souls friend and wellwisher in our Common Lord Jesus 

Thos. Hill 
S L. Please give my best respects to Mr & Mrs Adamson, Mrs 
Smoakes, & family, with all Friends, & enquirers, pray write to me as 
soon as you receive this. I hope if possible you will also procure a 
paper with all Things new. Excuse my Scribbling. I have not time 
to write scarce Legible so you can read it I shall be glad adieu. 



A remarkable [? one or two words] of Gods' providence to me on 
Saturday night 10 clock, as my step father sat cleaning his gun it went 
off, & the bullet just scaped me & went through the door March 2d 
1776. remarkable indeed O Lord is my life precious in thy sight that 
thou didst preserve me amidst dangers O Lord if the life I now live 
be precious O Lord my God let my immortal part be under thine Al- 
mighty arm. D'r Lord save me & give me an heart of thankfulness. 
Deutteronomy the XX & vs 2d where Rev'd Mr Hill justified the 
Ministers for interfering in publick & political affairs at this present 

Mr Hill set out for Robert Witherspoons at Williamburg Town- 
ship, or direct to Murrays ferry or Lenoos ferry or Indian Town 
March 22, 

Isiah Ch 54-7-8, - 11 Jeremiah Ch XIII. vs 16 Give Glory to ye Lord 
your God before he cause darkness & before your feet stumble upon ye 
dark mountains. & while ye look for light, he turn it into ye shadow of 
death, and make it gross darkness. 


friday ye 17 of May 1776 being ye day appointed by the Honorable 
& Continental Congiess, as a day of fast and prayer to humble ourselves 
before Almighty God on account of our sins, & to implore his mercy 
& forgiveness for our manifold offences & to cry unto him in this day of 
war Sc tumult. Help Lord, for vain is ye help of man. ye following 
Ministers preached from the following texts — Mr Percy from Jere'h 
XIV - 7-8 & 9 Mr Edmunds Jere'h VJII part of ye 6 vs What have I 
done? Mr Tennent from Psalm ye 46 Vs 11 Mr Richards from James 
IV & part of vs 8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you: 
Mr Martin pastor of ye German Church from 1 Kings XXI & Vs 27 k 
29 Mr Hill from Lamentations Ch V 21 vs Joel Ch 2d &: 32d verse. 

On tuesday 28th May 1776 went up ye path with Mrs Tucker & a 
number of others with an intent to pass the day in mirth, but a thunder 
storm arising prevented us, doing as we intended, at the same time a 
sailor on board the Brigt Comet was struck dead with the lightning, 
Mrs T. & myself was somewhat startled at the severity of ye thiuider. 
tliought it was a judgment on our folley not being on our watch, 
neither of us expressed our thoughts to each other till on our way 

June 2d Sabbath morn 6 oclock. An alarm fired from fort Johnston, 
between 30 & 40 sail being seen of the bar, ye drums immediately beat 
to [w]arn the militia drawn up in broad street under arms, but the 
wind which for three days since had been to ye east, shifted to ye 
West k tlie men of war could not get in, Thy way is in the [? 2 or 3 
words] who is so great a God as our God. deep are thy ways & past 
finds [? one word]. Thou, even thou art to be feared. They way is in ye 
sea, & Thy path in ye great waters, & thy footsteps are not known. 
Thou has saved us this day when thou mightest have left us to bewail 
our fathers husbands & bretheren which might have been slain in our 
streets was it not for thy Mercy, O Lord to us belongeth confusion 
of face [? indistinct] because we have sinned against thee, but to the 
Lord our God belong mercies & forgiveness [even ?] though we have 
rebelled thee. 

The same evening all the Militia & country men drew up along 
meeting street & was reviewed by the President R - c & General arm- 

[Gap to 1777] 

Friday February 7 1777 Mr Tennent preach'd a sermon preparatory 
to the Lords his text Psalm LXXXIst vs 10 open they mouth wide, & 
I will fill it; Where lie shew'd me plainly, that I enjoyed no more con- 
fort from God, because my desires were so cold ' langeu'd [languid ?], 


would not open my mouth wide i.e. would not enlarge my desire 
towards God so as to be filled. 

Sabbath march 2d, being about to Commemorate the death of our 
L'd Mr Tennent preach'd from those words "For by one offering he 
hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. Heb's Xth & 14th, 
after sermon assembled around the table 1 was obliged to go with my 
hard heart to Jesus there to get it wash'd & soften'd, & to get refreshed, 
but Alas! the coldness of my affections, debar me of the comforts of 
his Holy Spirit Lord give me thy Holy Spirit that it may shed a broad 
a Saviours love in the frozen guilty heart of mine. I return'd disconso- 
late to vex'd with [? 1 word] for Secret sins & coldness, but still admir'd 
the goodness of God, that suffus'd me, to be under the droppings of 
his sanctuary. In the afternoon Doc'r Rogers preach'd from Lamen's 
the Ill(h) &: vs 24 The Lord is my portion saith my soul, therefore 
will I hope in him; he shew'd what an excellent portion the Lord is 
to the rightous, how highly to be desir'd above all things else. Methinks 
I could now say the Lord is my portion saith my soul &c. He preach'd 
evening lecture, from romans VIII & vs 9 Now if any &c my mind 
was with the fools eyes to the end of the earth, in the beginning of his 
discourse, but thanks be to God I heard some of it even so here he 
entreated we would beg of God his Holy Spirit, & to call him to our 
aid in every thing we would offer to do so as before [? 1 word], he took 
his leave of us that eve & departed next day for Philadelphia. When I 
return'd from Meeting I entreated the Lord for Christ Sake to give 
me some tokens of his love by some promise that I might get some 
peace as to my state; this night if it be his Blessed will, k God was 
graciously pleas'd to enable me to rest upon this sweet & glorious 
promise "Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white as snow; 
Though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool." Blessed be 
the God & Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has given me some 
small hope, Never Suffer me O Lord to despise the day of small things! 
but may I be thankful for present mercies & then ask for more. O Lord 
wilt thou for Christ Sake give me grace & faith to keep those things 
once deliver'd 

The manuscript terminates at this point. 


Reverend Sir, 

I receiv'd a most \alued letter from you dated 23d inst, and am 
greatly indebted to you Sir for it. I hadn't the pleasure of seeing the 
Person that brought it as he delivered it to one that has been in town 


this month we made enquiry but could not learn where the Gentleman 
stay'd. [? 2 or 3 words] complain of deadness of heart. Oh I will lament 
to be of ye Laodicean Spirit: Oh [? torn, 1 word] I was fervent in spirit 
serving ye Lord. May we not borrow something from the Poet & say.— 
"Oh for an humbler heart, and prouder song Thou my much injured 
themes with that soft eye. Which melted o'erdoom'd Salem, deign to 
look Compassion to the coldness of my breast;&" Methinks it is Im- 
possible for any one to be so lifeless as I am & insincere O if I had a 
sincere heart, I would Love my Jesus in Sincerity and truth but my 
heart is so deceitful that it is impossible for me to tell, whether I have 
ever been Sincere with Jesus, sometimes I think I am, at others I seem 
to be mistaken; what tho' I weep. Ye Poet observes "Some weep in 
earnest, yet weep in vain! O is this not my case? To the questions you 
was so kind as to propose, and for which I am greatly obliged to you 
Sir: first I will remember when Jesus was not mine Oh y't I was now 
sure that he is mine, Oh that the Lord wouldst rent ye heavens y't he 
would come down y't the mountains of my sin might flow down at his 
presence, & y't he would dwell for ever with me & enable me to read 
my title clear to mansions above the sky, but I have now a desire a 
great desire, my Soul longeth for Jesus to be mine, 2nd 1 remember 
when I had no pleasure in the company of those that were speaking of 
Jesus but it is from thence I derive all my Joy now. lastly, ye burden 
of sin I cannot bear it if fetch'd God's Eternal Son from heaven, who 
knew no sin neither was there guile found in his mouth no not on 
earth, I say if the sins of his people cry'd so loud for vengence as to 
bring him down "Him whose falling drop puts out ye sun, Whose sigh 
earthsdeep foundation shakes was it vengence or was it Love that 
brought him down. Father of Angels! but the friend of man, well may 
you say Sir, There's no love like his Love. O how omnipotence is lost 
in love, how beautiful does Doc'r Young express, his ye dear Emmanuels 
Love in his Complaint or Night thoughts, when he is speaking of 
praise, I think he may well say 

"Eternity too short to s{:)eak thy praises 
"Or fathom thy profound of love to man! 
"To man of men the meanest, ev'n to me! 
"My sacrifice! My God What things are then: 

Lastly, I so desire [? 1 or 2 words] Christ above all things it is 
one of the great things I desire, to have my afflictions set on things 
[? half a line missing] see no pleasure in it, draws me off my duty & 
watch so often [? 1 or 2 words] stand amazed, when I reflect on ye 


forbearance of a jealous God. that withholds so long from striking me 
lower than the grave when I deserve it every moment of my life. 

I thank you kindly Sir for your good opinion of me, you write me 
as if I was a Christian. I wish I was, I am no more, & have got no more 
yet, than a desire of becoming one, but Mr Winchester told me it 
was good to be thankful for small things. 

You say you sometimes long to depart and be with Christ, O it is 
far better indeed, I too do long for the happy hour to come when I 
shall bid Adieu to this transitory world — yet I dread it. "O for an over- 
coming faith to chear my dying hours, for Jesus to be with & support 
me in y't trying moment. "O may my soul be found in him, and of 
his righteousness partake. 

Methinks had you search'd ye Poet throughout you could not have 
found more comforting words. When sin shall no more controul 
[controU ?] kc. the whole psalm is indeed beautiful, especially where 
he says — "What sinners &c Lord 'tis enough that thou are mine, 
transporting thought! God all in all. well may we say. Lord tis &c 
when once we are sure the great All is ours, I wrote you by Mr Cook 
ye 20 inst where I told you the regulars had left Boston, it is con- 
firm'd: they're actually fled. Truly ye Lord made them to hear a 
mighty rumour so as to make them flee. What a glorious victory 
glorious, because it was without a further effusion of our mistaken 
brethren's blood. O may we with all our brethren learn to be thankful 
to JEHOVAH for his loving mercies & wonderful works to the children 
of men! May ye law of gratitude be written on our hearts 

The above letter is unsigned, undated and without address. The tone seems 
somewhat like that of Mary Burn; the handwriting has some similarity to letters 
signed by Mary Burn. There is a pencil notation "1777 ?" 


[Rev. Edmund Botsford] [1785 ?] 

Reverend and Dear Sir 

This comes fraught with my love and best wishes to yourself, Mrs 
Botsford, and y'r children, trusting it will find you all in health & 
your souls prospering in the Lord, Through the great goodness of God 
I am once more raised up from a bed of sickness & great distress, of 
all creatures I ought to be the most humble, penitent & thankful 

For sure never one experienced more of the mercy and goodness 
of God, and still reamin'd so hardened, O my heart: my sinful heart 
what shall be done unto thee for thy Obduracy & Surely if my days 
had been cut off in my late sickness, I should have been done sinning 


against the gieat Creator, even it my Portion had been eternal woel 
which would have been just had it been the case, but giacious Heaven 
ever Propitious! has still lengthened the thread of life 2c I am yet on 
praying ground. Oh for a heart to pray and to Praise, but never in my 
life since I began to pray (if ever I have prayed) have I been more 
careless and hardened, O Pray for me, that I may not be given over to 
a hard heart of unbelief: I greatly fear it; and have no spirit of earnest- 
ness to pray against it, well knowing how richly 1 deserve the lowest 
pitt in hell: but what do I say? There need not be any other hell than 
being everlastingly absent from Christl this is too great to bear, yet 
the blackness of my soul Bode's some such portion for me, I can't see 
why I am raised from the jaws of Death without it is to fill up the 
cup of wrath, I can do no good thing. I am altogether sin my outward 
life & conversation is such, that if I attempt to speak of religion, it 
seems to paint me a hypocrite, it is then, this rings in my ears "God 
hates thee for thy Hypocrist, the world for thy Pretensions, But my 
outward life &c is not my greatest greif; suffer me again to complain 
of a Heart which is so vile, that it is impossible for pen to describe it. 
It is only known to the ALL SEEING EYE! My d'r Sir I need to clap 
my hand on my mouth and my mouth in the dust and cryl Unclean, 
Unclean, Guilty; before Godl on acc't of my most secret thoughts, I 
am at times a Majormissabib a terror to myself, and can but admire 
the Mercy of god in forbearing to strike such a wretch into the lowest 
region of despair; 

Surely were the Children of God to see it as it is, they would 
[? I word] despise me. how then must it appear before that PURE 
and HOLY BEING who cannot behold sin but with the utmost ab- 
liorrence! — O Sir I wish, I earnestly desire to have High, Holy & 
Exalted thoughts of the Majesty of Heaven of his love & kindness to 
mankind, and to know the love of Christ; which passeth all under- 
standing, his living, his dying, his exalting Love. I would see Jesus 
desirable above all things & the only chief Good, (though strictly 
speaking I believe the Godliead, Father, Son & Spirit the only chief 
good) dwelling in me & I in him by his Holy Spirit. I wish to see the 
exceeding sinfulness of sin, and to flee from every appearance of evil 

But I shall tire your patience, no doubt but you expected to see 
this Scrall filled with praise, instead of complaint. Indeed I have gieat 
reason to be always praising and it is a great trouble to me that I have 
not a due sense of all Gods Mercies, two great and particular Blessings 
& Mercies I must not omit, which is Mr Furman & my Daughter 
Nancys being Inoculated for the Small pox, and are both of them 


happily recovered; except a swelling in Mr Furmans shoulder which 
I hope will soon be brave 

It pleased the Lord to have mercy on him & not on him only, but 
on us also, for I greatly feared lest the disease should prove Mortal to 
him, his life being necessary and useful made me often expostulate & 
say Why should his sun go down so soon? can the grave praise Thee O 
thou Great Jehovah! if not, then spare him that he may be a means of 
turning many to righteousness, help us to praise God for his sparing 
Mercy in preserving him at such a critical juncture But whither am 
I led; I have far exceeded the bounds of a common letter, if you have 
Patience to read this through I shall be glad. 

I trust your Goodness will Pardon every imperfection, I cou'd say 
much more but must conclude And that Jehovah may ever keep, direct, 
prosper you in his own work is and shall be the Prayer of 

Your Sincere friend and humble Servant 
/s/ M McD 
PS. My Mother, Sister & Daughter Dolly 
desires their Special Love to you & 
Mrs Botsford 



Rec'd this 8th day of August 1785 at Sunbury from Maj'r John 
Lucas a Certificate for others Funding amounting to 576£ sterling 
taken from the Treasurer Mr. Cuthbert in my Name & receipted for 
by Maj'r Lucas 

Witness my hand 

/s/ Mich'l Rudulph [?] 

Mich'l Rudolph is not identified with the Society of the Cincinnati in the 
State of Georgia. Probably this document has no connection uith the Society. 


Rules and Regulations for the go[verning] of the Georgia State 
Society of the Cincinnati 

1st The Propositions and Rules transmitted by Major Generals 
Heath and Stuben, respectively to Major General Mcintosh, on the 
20th day of May and [blank] June last, are acceded to by the Society 
of this State, subject to such alterations, additions, and amendments 
as may hereafter be found necessary. 


2d All officers of the American Army, either in the Line or Staff, 
who have served three years with honor, and whose appointments 
have been confirmed by Congiess, [and have not professed allegiance 
to the King of Great Britain at a?iy time since the Declaration of 
American Independence]* are entitled to be Members of this Society, 
and their next male heirs, either in the lineal or collateral lines after 
their deaths, and also the Male Heirs of such as have been slain or 
died in the Service, shall be [second page missing, a note states that it 
was mutilated] taking the next deserving one in his place. 

3d This Society shall have four General Meetings viz:, on the 4th 
July, which shall be the Anniversary Meeting, on the I6th October, 
on the 3d Jan'y and the 10th April, on which days the Members shall 
wear their Med[als] and dine together. And if the President shall 
a[t] any other time (be of opinion that the affairs of the Society re- 
quire it) [inter-lined above this parenthetical clause appears the follow- 
ing "deems it necessary"] he is empowered to call extra General Meet- 
ings, always giving fourteen days notice of such Extra General Meet- 
ings: and no business can [interlined "shall"] be transacted at any 
General Meeting unless one third of the Members in the State are 
present, who shall be compleat to transact all business, except that 
of electing honorary Members, and all questions proposed in the 
Society shall be determined by ballot. 

4th Country Members not attending a quarterly Meeting shall 
forfeit half a Dollar each; Town Members not attending a quarterly 
Meeting shall forfeit one Dollar each. On extra General Meetings 
Members within forty Miles of Town shall forfeit one dollar; those 
beyond that distance shall forfeit half a dollar, and Town Members two 
dollars each. And a penalty on the absence of any of the officers of the 
Society shall be double the sum of that to which any common Member 
in the same situation is liable. The penalty for non attendance on An- 
niversary Meetings shall be double the penalty imposed for non at- 
tendance on a quarterly meeting; reasonable excuses to be admitted on 
the next ensuing 

General Meeting of the Society and in case of the absence of both 
the President and Vice President the Members present may choose a 
Chairman to preside for that meeting. 5th At every Anniversary Meet- 
ing of the Society [? one short word] the officers thereof shall be balloted 
for; k the quarterly meeting on the 3rd Jan'y shall be the day for 
electing Delegates for representing them in the General Society, whose 
powers [remainder missing] 

The original of the abo\e is probably a draft of the original organizational 

•This material was crossed out of original. 


paper of the Society of the Cincinnati in the State of Georgia and it is probably 
based on the suggestion of General Heath to General Lachlan Mcintosh. The 
organizational meeting was held in Capt. Lucas's quarters in Savannah (thought 
to be on the northeast corner of Bull Street and Oglctliorpe Avenue) on 13 August 
1783. The interlining on the original is in the hand of General Mcintosh. The 
original of this document was in the Lachlan Mcintosh collection in the Georgia 
Historical Society around 1970 when a photocopy was made for the Society of the 
Cincinnati. The original is now missing and the above was copied from the 
photocopy in the Cincinnati collection. 


A List of the Names of the Members of the Cincinnati Society of 
Georgia, who have paid unto John Lucas Treasurer Two Dollars Each 
for the purpose of procuring their Diplomas signed by Gen'l Wash- 
ington Savannah 19th Feb'y 1787 

1 Major John Berrian paid Returned 4th May 
2. Doct'r Nathen Brownson paid 

3 Benj. Tetard two Dollars 

4 S. Elbert two dollars paid 
5. Rich'd Wyley paid 

6 Major Forsuth [Forsyth] paid 

On the back are two notations: "Acct of Cincinnati Medals", and "Subscribers for 
Diplomas". The sheet appears to have been torn at the bottom, and perhaps the 
missing half contained the list of those who paid for their medals. If so, it is now 
entirely missing. 


Received from Major John Lucas, Treasurer of the Cincinnati 
Society established in this State, the following Certificates, Viz. 


1 Final Sett's Certificate No. 92901 for — 1,210 

1 do do — 92908 125 

Sundry Interest Certificates asn'd to 330 


Amounting in the whole to One thousand six hundred and sixty 
five Dollars, for which I promise to be accountable to the said Major 
Lucas, or the Society. 

Savannah, May 20th, 1789. — /s/ John Habersham. 

Sect'y Cin. Society 




Inventory of the effects of Major John Lucas deceas'd taken by 
James Jackson at New York August 18 1789 — 
Cash, Sixty four french Crowns 

three half Johanneses, one Guinea and one Dollar 

Final Settlements 

Indents for interest — 

No 92853 

Jno. Lucas 

15 Of 25 Dollars each 

17 - 


19 - 


16 - 


9 - 


10 - 



8 - 


8 - 


344.7 2/30 

2723. 5/4 [?] 












C 120" 3"4Stg. 
£202" 16" 2-3/4 Stg 

£ 87 

£ 100 

£ 100 

1 Bond Sign'd Nathan Brownson, payable to 

Peter Lanier [?] & John Kean, for 
1 Bond, James Houston to Jolin Kean 
1 Note Alexander Mclver to J. Lucas 
1 Bond Michael Rudolph to J Lucas for 

officers Certificates to be signed by Pierce. 
1 Note John Walton & Edward Telfair to for 
1 Note T. Washington for £286" 5. final Settlements 
1 Receipt T. Washington for £115 Certificates 
1 Receipt T. Washington, £30"18"3 Certificates 
1 receipt Seth J. Cuthbert Treasurer for £30" 17" Certificates 
1 order for £ 10,000 feet inch boards on Jno Blain Signed S. Elbert 
6 Lottery Tickets Signed Tho. Proctor No. 1665 to 1670 inclusive— 
1 receipt Signed Jno. Habersliam for 1665 dollars Certificates, the 

property of the Cincinnati Society in Georgia — 
1 Order T. Washington or Mr. [?] Simpson in favor J Lucas for 

£ 3 Stg. 
1 Small memorandum book containing small charges & against Sundry 



a reel morocco pocket book 

I receipt book — & Sundry papers of small account 

1 Silver Watch, 1 Gold broach, 1 Cincinnati medal, 1 paste Stock 

buckle I pair Silver knee buckles 
1 pair Pistols 
1 Small sword, given on his death bed to Col Thomas Proctor. — 

We the underwritten being called on by General Jackson im- 
mediately after the death of Major Jno Lucas, did carefully examine 
all his baggage & trunk, and do certify that the above is a true in- 
ventory of all his property of value in this place his trunk of wearing 
apparel excepted, New York I8th August 1789 

/s/ Sam'l B. Webb 
/s/ Geo Mathews 
/s/ A. C. Thomas 


God free Sovereign and Independent To the Honorables Major 
General Lachlan Mcintosh, Brigadier General John Twiggs and 
Colonel Elijah Clark, esquires. 

WHEREAS in and by the tenth clause of an act of the General 
Assembly passed at Savannah on the twenty second day of February 
last past, entitled "an act to amend and alter some parts, and repeal 

other parts, of the several Land acts in this State" It is Enacted 

as follows, "AND, in order to ascertain and determine the Lines be- 
tween the White people and the Indians of this State, BE IT 
ENACTED by the Authority aforesaid. That his Honor the Governor, 
by and with the advice and Counsent of the Executive Council, shall 
nominate and appoint three fit and discrete persons on this side and 
in behalf of this State and shall send up to the Creek Nation, which 
[?] invites them to appoint persons on their side, and in behalf of their 
Nation; which said Commissioners on both sides shall, as soon as 
possible, meet and in Conjunction run the said Lines, agreeable to 
Treaty, and according to Law" 

IN PURSUANCE whereof, and of the assurances We have of your 
Fidelity, Integiity and abilities, We do hereby nominate, Constitute 
and appoint you the said Lachlan Mcintosh, John Twiggs and Elijah 
Clarke Commissioners on the part and behalf of the State for the 
purpose mentioned and contained in the above in part recited. 

WITNESS our Trusty and well beloved Samuel Elbert, esquire, our 
Captain General Governor and Commander in Chief under his hand, 


and our Great Seal, at Augusta, this fourteenth day of October in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty-five, and of 
our Sovereignty and Best Independence the tenth. 
By His Honors Command 

/s/ Jno Milton Sec'ry 

The above is a photocopy (negative) of a document which is probably in the 
Department of Archives of the State of Georgia. 


Major Habersham 
Soc'ty Cincinnati 
Now sitting — 

Capt John Copp to the Secretary March 31st 1788 
on the reverse side by the address 


When I proposed to become a Member of the Cincinnati, I was 
positively assured from a Number its Georgia Members, that from 
my just Claims, there could not be the least Objection to my being 
numbered amongst you. — I cannot help feeling for myself through 
this Day's Business, as I should not have appeared without the fullest 
Confidence and Assurance of meeting your thorough Approbation So 
far am I from relinquishing my Claims through this Day's Procedure, 
I am persuaded that I shall in a short Time be enabled to produce 
before your respectable Body every requisite Certificate. — Please 
inform the Mode I am to conduct myself by; and if any Assurance 
from Governor Clinton, or Officers you may point, who now reside 
in New York will be satisfactory to your next Meeting. — Capt'n 
Schermerhorne sails with the first fair Wind, & you will doubtless con- 
cieve the Anxiety I have at heart to establish my Right, & remove 
every Prejudice against me. — 

I am with the utmost Respect your obed't servt. Sir, 
/s/ John Copp 

Savannah 31 March 1788 
P. S. I wish this letter could be read — and answered. 


[To General Henry Knox] Paris November the 26th [1786] 

My dear friend 

Having written to you by a Gentleman who returns to America, 
I shall only inclose the Copy of a letter Containing commercial ar- 


rangements, and refer you to my letter to Mr Jay, which I hereby beg 
him to Communicate to you — I think it was well placed, as I was 
speaking of my plans of a journey, to touch a word of my warm desire 
to be employed if Congress wanted the Exertions of the Servants of 
America. I will write to you also about the Algerire Scheme — it seems 
to me such a Confederacy would be very Cheap, very Useful, and very 
Honourable to the Nation that would have promoted it — at all events 
I think power ought to be given to Mr Adams and Mr Jefferson in 
case opportunities did offer. 

I cannot forbear once more mentioning my deep affliction of the 
public, and private loss we Had to Mourn — poor Greene! What an 
Honour to His Country — What a satisfaction to His friends — I have 
written to Mrs. Greene, and will write Again lest my letter should 
miscarry. My Respects Wait on Mrs. Knox — Remember me to the 
family and all friends 

Most affectionately 

/s/ LaFayette 

I am more and more charmed with Mr Jefferson — the affairs of 
America could not be in the hands of a more able. Honest active and 
Universally beloved and Respected Minister it would be improper 
in me to Bestow a public approbation on a character too well known 
to need my praises — But between us I can say anything. 


The Reverend Mr. Thomas Jones 
Great Valley [?] 

The care of Mr Curriston Market Street 

Savannah, 21st March 1789 
MY Honored Couson: 

I hope this letter will find you and your aged companion in as good 
state of health as at your years you have reason to expect, I have 
enjoyed a good state of health since I left you. Thanks be to God. 

I wrote to and received letters from Wales since I saw you. My 
Father has buried his Wife and is now married to the third Wife. He 
has joined the Baptist Church at Penyvai. The Baptists have gieatly 
spread in Wales, especialy in the West and North parts of the Princi- 
pality. The Baptist have Built a fine Meeting house at Nottage in the 
place where Matthew Harry's house stood, two other houses of worship 


have been erected, one at Neath and the other on the Riverlay. The 
Methodists have built a hansome house at Pyle. 

I was the latter part of the last year in the Custom House as 
Deputy Collector. I left it the last month and am now entered into 
the Vendue and Commission business. 

I lost my Election for Comptroller of this port by one vote in the 
House of Assembly. We were both very popular, he having forty one 
and I forty votes. 

Although I have entered into business, I have reason to expect an 
appointment from Congress in the Custom House of Savannah, as I 
am well assured of powerful support from both the Senators from 
Cieorgia. The honorable James Gunn Esqr., and the Honorable 
VV^illiam Few Esqr, who are both my particular friends, and I have left 
it to the discretion of the Honorable William Few what plan to pro- 
pose me for Wherefore I should thank you to find some of your 

friends to recommend me to the Senators from your State, The Honor- 
able Robert Morris and William McClay Esquires 

Notwithstanding it was so expensive to me when I was at the 
Northward; yet I received more pleasure and satisfaction than I had 
done for many years, and I am not without hope that I shall see you 
once more before you die, and talk over the Country which gave us 
birth, our common Relations and Old Neighbors, and the times and 
places where we have spent our tender years. 

My most respectful compliments wait on my aged Couson your 
wife Mrs. Davis her sons and daughters, and all others my Cousons and 

I am your Affectionate 
Cradock Burnell 
Direct to Cradock Burnell 

Savannah, Georgia. 


Baillie, Gior(,e, Jr. (17(i'^-1791). Son of Robert Baillie (1734-1782) and Anne 
Mcintosh Baillie (b. 1737 — ). She was a daughter of John Mohr Mcintosh (1700- 
1763) and Mary Lockhart Mcintosh. Both Robert and George Baillie %vere merchants 
and were Loyalists during the Revolution. 40 

Brownson, Nathan. (1742-1706). Physician, Liberty Co., Ga. Surgeon Georgia 
Brigade; Original member Society of the Cincinnati. Member Continental Congress 
(1777 and 1783); member state legislature various times 1781 to 1791. Governor 
(President of the Council) 1781. (Heitman, Whites, Congressional Directory) 97(2) 

Bryan, Jonathan. (1708-1788). Member Provincial Congress of Georgia and of 


Council of Safety; Acting Vice-President and Commander-in-Chief of Georgia 1777. 
(Men of Mark; I. R. Redding, Life and Times of Jonathan Bryan, 1708-1788, Savan- 
nah, 1901.) 98 
BuFFiNCTON, Moses. (1751-). Ensign in Robert Parr's South Carolina Royalist 
Company. {The Magnolia; or Southern Appalachian, Vol. 2, p. 378 (1843)). 101 (1) 
Campbell, McCarten (c. 1748-1793). Son of Martin Campbell, firm of Macartan 
(Francis) and Campbell of Augusta. He continued the firm after deaths of father 
and Francis Macartan. '20 
Campbell, Sarah Fenwick (1762-1822). Dau. Edward Fenwick of South Carolina 
and wife of Macartan Campbell. (Wormesloe, E. M. Coulter, p. 209). 121 
Carney, Arthur. Captain 1st Georgia Regiment, 1776 to 1777, when taken 
prisoner on St. Simon's Island. Subsequently joined the enemy. (Heitman) 

608 Folder 276 (3) 
Caswell, Richaro. (-1789). North Carolina Colonel and Major Gen (Militia) 
in Revolution. Also Governor. (Heitman). 648 Box 26, Folder 298(1) 

Clay. Joseph. (1741-1804). Merchant and Justice of Chatham Co. Deputy Pay- 
Mastcr General, Continental Army. Trustee for establishing a university 1785 (this 
became Univ. of Ga.), Member Continental Congress. (Heitman, Congressional 
Directory, Men of Mark.) 1308(1) 

Colombe, Pierre de la. French officer who served in the Georgia Line; taken 
prisoner at Battle of Savannah. Released and became Aide-de-Camp to Gens. La- 
fayette and DeKalb. (Heitman). 164(1) 
Copp, John. 1st Lieutenant and Captain, New York Continental Line. Resigned 
1779. (Heitman). 608(6) 
Cuthbert, Seth John. (-1788). Native S. C. Merchant in Savannah. Member 
Georgia Provincial Congress and of Executive Council. Major Ga. Militia Treasurer 
of Georgia. 191 
DooLY. John. (-1780). Colonel, Ga. Militia. Commanded at Kettle Creek where 
British were turned back. He and family killed by tories in August 1780. (Heitman) 

Ellls, Henry. (1721-1806). Hydrographer and explorer. Second Royal Governor 
of Georgia, 1756-1760. 941 

Gibbons, William. (1726-1800). Prominent attorney. He owned several rice 
plantations on the Savannah River. Was a member of the "Sons of Liberty," 
Council of Safety, Provincial and Continental Congresses, and the Ga. House of 
Rep., where he was speaker. Served as Pres. of the Ga. Constitutional Convention 
of 1789. Was also an .Associate Justice of Chatham County. (Congressional Di- 

Graham, John. (c. 1718-1795). Planter, Merchant, Lt. Governor of The Province 

of Georgia, and a Loyalist. 320 

Grierson, James. Colonel who commanded 2nd Regt. of Foot, Georgia Militia. 

Killed 1781. 320 

GuERARn Family. Of South Carolina and Georgia. Descend from Guerard who 

with Rem- Petit brought a Colonv of French Protestants to Charles Town in 1679. 


Habersham, John. (1754-1799). Major Georgia Continental Line. Member 

Continental Congress, collector of the Port of Sa\annah. (Men of Mark, Heitman, 

Congressional Directory). 1195(4) 

Habersham, Joseph. (1751-1815). Postmaster-General in Administrations of 

Washington, Adams and part of Jefferson. Delegate to Continental Congress; 

Colonel. Continental Line. (Heitman, Congressional Directory, Whites). 1195(1) 

Hml, John. Lived in Savannali in the late 18th century. Probably a physician. 


HousTOUN, John. (1744-1796). Member Continental Congress, Governor of 

Georgia, Chief Justice Georgia Supreme Court. (White's, Congressional Directory. 

The Honstouns of Georgia, (vide post)). 566 ("L") 


HousTOUN, Patrick. (1742-1785). Sixth Baronet, son of Sir Patrick Houstoun and 
Priscilla (Dunbar) Houstoun. Register of Grants and Receiver of Quit Rents, and 
member House of Assembly. Loyalist during Revolution; left Georgia for England 
in 1784. Died there 1785. {The Hoiistoiins of Georgia. E. D. Johnston, Athens, 
1950). 1007 (1) 

Holmes, John. Member of the Council of East Florida 1764 through the American 
Revolution. Commissioner for the peace and (1769) appointed Clerk of the Crown 
and Common Pleas. St. Augustine. 392 

Hopkins, David. South Carolinean served as an officer with British. 393 

HowLEY, Richard. (1740-1784). Attorney in St. John's Parish (liberty Co.). 
Member Continental Congress 1780-1781, Governor of Georgia 1780, Chief Justice of 
Georgia 1782-1783. (Whites, Congiessional Directory). 402 

Inglis, John. Merchant in Savannah; his partner in London was S. H. Jenkins. 
Inglis was a commissioner of roads in St. Andrews Parish in 1772. Being a Loyalist, 
he was named in Georgia Act of Attainder, 1778, and the firm's lot, warf and 
stores were confiscated. 415 

Irwin, Jared. (1751-1818). Officer Revolution (probably militia), member Georgia 
Legislature, Commissioner for several Indian Treaties. Served twice as Governor, 
1796-1798 and 1806-1809. (Whites) 417(5) 

Jones, John. (d.c. 1813). Brother of Seaborn Joned, q.v. below. Served in Georgia 
Legislature from Montgomery and Burke Counties 1788 variously to 1802. Colonel 
Georgia Militia in the Revolution. (Whites, Heitman). 

Jones, Noble Wimbfrley. (1723-1805). Physician and planter. Delegate to 
Continental Congress. (Whites, Men of Mark, Congressional Directory). 

LeConte, John Eatton. (1739-1822). Physician, planter and naturalist of Liberty 
County. 1195(1) 

Lynah, James. (1735-1809). Born Ireland, commissioned Surgeon in British 
Navy. Resigned and settled in Charleston about 1765. Served with various S. C. Regi- 
ments during Revolution. Present at Battle of Savannah where he extracted the 
fatal bullet from Count Pulaski. (Stevens, Vol. II). 509(3) 

Maitland, John. (1732-1779). Son of the Earl of Lauderdale. Commanded 71st 
Regt. in British Garrison at Battle of Savannah, 1779. Died in Savannah shortly after: 
Buried in Savannah's Colonial Cemetery. 954 (1) 

Mathews, George. (1739-1812). Born in Virginia, served as Colonel during 
Revolution. Moved to Georgia in 1785 and served twice as Governor. (White's, 

McDonald, Charles. (1745-1819). Scottish born importing merchant in Charles- 
ton, where he married Mary (Adamson) Burn (d. 1817). A child, Charles James 
McDonald became governor of Georgia in 1839. (White's). 522 

Melvin, George. Captain 3rd Georgia Regiment, captured at Charleston 1780, 
exchanged and retired in 1782. (Heitman). 648 Folder 358(2) 

Mercer, Samuel. A tanner by trade, he arrived in Savannah 23 August 1733. 
Appointed Second Constable in 1738. Elizabeth Mercer, his third wife, was a widow 
of John Tisdale. 554 

Mills, Thomas (also known as Thomas Moullin). (—1790) Merchant in 
Savannah (1774) on the Bay; Lieutenant of Militia (1776); large land owner; Harbor 
Master in Savannah. (Thomas Mills, by Diana E. A. Smith). 562 

Minis, Philip. (1733-1780). Son of Abraham and Abigail Minis. He was first male 
white child born in Georgia. A merchant in Savannah. 566 

Noel, John Young. (1762-1817). Born in New York, he practiced law in 
Elizabethtown N. J., where he married Sarah C. (Dennis) Stites, widow of Richard 
States. Family moved to Savannah where he became prominent in public affairs. 
Mavor of Savannah 1796-1797 and 1804-1807. 

Panton, William. " William Panton, a Scotsman by birth, a 

Spaniard by interest, a merchant by profession, and a member of the great 
commercial firm of Panton, Leslie 8: Co., of Florida, " (Quoted 


from Stevens). 749(1) 

Preston, Henry, (-c. 1783). Joint Prothonotary and Clerk of the Crown for 
the Pro\ ince of Georgia. "^* 

Scott, John. Major, Jefferson Co. Militia. May be the same as General John 
Scott referred to in White's and for whom Scottsborough was named. (White's). 

Screven, James. (1750-1778). Member Georgia Provincial Congress, Colonel 
Georgia Continental Line, Brig. Gen. Georgia Militia. Killed 22 Nov. 1778 in 
Battle of Midway. (White's, Heitman). 715(1) 

Shaffer, Balthasar. (c. 1741-1811). A German who came to Georgia 1770. Served 
in the Revolution; member Chatham Artillery. 722 

Sheftall, Mordecai. (1735-1797). Son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Sheftall. 
Served as Magistrate of Chatham County. 725 (1) 

Sheftall, Sheftall. (1762-1847). Son of Mordecai Sheftall of Savannah. 726 

Spalding, James, (c. 1740-1794). A Scotsman who settled at Frederica and be- 
came an important land owner, merchant/ trader in Georgia and Florida. William 
Bartram mentioned his courtesy when he visited Spalding in 1773. He married 
Margery Mcintosh, daughter of William Mcintosh of South Newport. Their son, 
Thomas became the noted Thomas Spalding of Sapelo. 749 (1) 

Stirk, Samuel. Judge Advocate, Southern Department, Continental Army; 
member Continental Congress. (Heitman, Congressional Directory). 763 (2) 

Sltcliffe, John. A Storekeeper in Savannah who was appointed Captain and 
Assistant Deputy Quartermaster-General, Southern Department, Continental Army. 

Tarling, Peter. Represented St. Andrew's Parish in the Georgia Provisional 
Congress which met at Tondee's Tavern 4th July 1775. Colonel, Deputy Quarter- 
master General Georgia Militia. 784 (I) 

Tattnall, Josiah. (1740-1811). Merchant of Savannah. Married Mary Mulryne. 

Tattnall, Josiah. (1764-1803). Son of Josiah Tattnall (above). Member U. S. 
House of Representatives and U. S. Senate. Governor of Georgia; Brig. Gen. Ga. 
Militia. Died at Nassau, New Providence, BWI. (White's, Congressional Directory). 


Telfair, Edward. (1737-1807). Member of firm of Cowper and Telfairs, mer- 
chants of London and Sa\annah. Twice Go\'ernor of Georgia, Member Continental 
Congress. (White's, Congressional Directory, Men of Mark). 1308 (1) 

Telfair, William. Member of firm of Cowper and Telfairs. Father of Edward 
Telfair (above). 

Tennille, Francis. (Surname variously spelled). Capt. 2nd Regt. Georgia 
Continental Line. (Heitman). 

TiLLETT, Giles. Capt. British Militia during Revolution. 799 

Wereat, John. (c. 1730-1798). Lawyer, member Council of Safety, president 
Executive Council, member House of Assembly, acting Governor, and state Auditor. 
(White's, Men of Mark). 854(1) 

White, John. Served in British Navy. In 1775 joined American .\rmy as Capt. 
N.C. 2nd Regt, Cont. Line. In 1777 was Lt. Col. 4th Ga. Battalion. Taken prisoner in 
Battle of Savannah; he escaped and died soon after. (Heitman). 859 (1) 

Williams, John. (-1793). Born in England, he was an attorney, one-time deputy 
surveyor (1759). 870(1) 


Where no source references are given, the information probably came from the 
catalogue. For those reference sources which are repeated frequently, abbreviations 
have been used as follows: 

Congressional Directory: Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 
1774-1961. GPO 1961. 

D.A.B.: Dictionary of American Biography. Edited by Allen Johnson, 1964. 


Heitman: Historical Register of the Continental Army, by Francis B. Heitman. 

1914. With addenda by Robert H. Kelby, 1932. Republished 1967. 
Men of Mark: Men of Mark in Georgia, edited by William J. Northern, 1907. 
Stevens: A History of Georgia, by William Bacon Stevens in two volumes. Vol. 

I, 1847 and Vol. II, 1859. 
Whites: Historical Collections of Georgia, by The Rev. George White, M. A. 1855. 




Additional information supplied by 
followed by n denotes the indexed item 

Abercorn see Habercorn 

Abercrombie, Colo 39 

Adair, James 148, 149 

Adam, Thomas 24 

Adams, John 173 

Adamson, John 26 

Adamson, Mr 155, 160, 161 

Adamson, Mrs 160, 161 

Adingells, Charles 29, 30 

Adkins, Arthur 66 

Adkins, Mr 133 

Aestesen [?], Guillan, Jr 60 

Albahma Indians 137 

Albahma Towns 138 

Aleck 139, 140, 142, 143 

Alexander, Uncle 131 

Algerire Scheme 173 

Alshenar 140 

Allen, Samuel 36 

Allison, Alexander 99 

Allison, Robert 27 

Altamaha 127, 141, 143 

Altamaha River ... 5, 6, 42-46, 49, 50 

Amatis, Mr. Ill 

Amherst, Admiral 39 

Ancaster, Duke of 117 

Anderson, John, Cap't 26 

Anderson's History of 

Commerce 112, 113 

Andrews, Ben 43 

Anenum, William 25 

Anne, [ship] 9 

Antigua, Island of 56, 59, 60, 

71-73, 77,80, 82 

Apalachinla River 147 

Appelache old fields 147 

Arbuthnot, Marriot, Admiral 25 

Armstrong, General 162 

Ash, Mathias [Attorney] 101 

Ash, Richard 26 

Ashley River 49 

Askins, John 66 

Askins, Will 66 

Atkin, Edmund 143 

Atkins, Charles 25 

Augspourger, Samuel 110, 112 

Augusta [Citv of] 19, 32, 62- 

64, 66, 68; 119-125, 128, 136, 138, 172 
Augustine see St. Augustine 

Bahamas, The 7 

Baillie, George, Jr. . . 129-131, 133, 134 

Baillie, James 46, 132 

Baillie, R 130, 134 

Baily, John 24 

the editors is in brackets. A page notation 
is contained within a note on that page. 

Baker, Benjamin 25 

Baker, Sir William 24 

Baker, Thomas 101 

Ball, Elias (Comingster) 26 

Ball, Elias Wambaugh 26 

Ballingall, Robert 26 

Balmer, Capt 24 

Bank of England 5 



Barlow, Mr " 

Barnard 128, 154 

Barnard, Colonel 136 

Barnard, Robert, 2nd Lt 67 

Barnard, William, 1st Lt 67 

Barnes, Mr H^ 

Barnwell, Mr 10 

Baron, Dr 98 

Barrington, Capt 39 

Beard, Robert 25 

Beard's Bluff [Altamaha Watershed] 49 

Beaufort, S.C 106 

Beaulieu, Mrs. Magdaline . . 103, 104 

Belcher, William '5 

Belfast Plantation 54 

Bell, Colonel 39 

Bellen, Jon'a 26 

Bellinger, Mr 9 

Benefield, Brig. Gen 62 

Bentham, James 27 

Berrian, John 169 

Bessy, Brigantine 57 

Black, Joseph 26 

Black Island (near Frederica) 131 

Blaikenhorn, Henry 27 

Blain, John I'O 

Blair, Robert 26 

Blake, William 27 

Bland, Col 17 

Blount, William 14911 

Bob 134 

Bodmyton '9 

BonAventure Plantation 106 

Bonner 125 

Booker, Capt 122 

Booth, Mr. 

[English silk weaver] .... 110, 111 

Boon, Thomas 24 

Bosomworth, Mary 142 

Bosseau, James 26 

Bostick, Capt 49 

Boston [Mass.] 165 

Boston: 38 

Heights of Charles Town 39 

Boston News Letters 114 

Botsford, Edmund, Rev 165 

Botsford, Mrs 165, 167 



Bowen, Oliver 

[Elected Major] 47 

Commodore 52 

Bovvcn see Bowers 

Bowers, Mr 120, 121 

Braddock, David Cutler 36 

[Coxswain, also Capt.] 37 

Brailsford, Aunt 150-152 

Brailsford, Edmond 149, 150 

Brailsford, George 150 

Bremar, John 24 

Brice 24 

Brisbane, Col 17 

Brisbane, James 26 

Bristol 117 

British Museum 34n 

Britton, Stephen 96 

Brockington, John, Jun'r 26 

Broughton 127 

Brown 143 

Brown, Archibald 25 

Brown, Col 65 

Brown, Hugh 26 

Brown, Malcolm 26 

Brown, Patrick 138 

Brown, Patrick, heir of 138 

Brown, Thomas, Col. [Loyalist] . . 24, 


Brown, William 108 

Brownson, Nathan 169, 170 

Brownson, Nathaniel 105 

Brush [?], David 25 

Bryan, Hugh 148, 149 

Bryan, John 44 

Bryan, Jonathan 63, 147-149 

Bryan, Joseph 10 

Brydie & Irvine 76 

Buckingham, Elias 26 

Buckingham Gate 117 

Buffington, Peter 54 

Buffington, Peter, Senr 55 

Buffington, Moses 

[Ens., S. C. Royalist] 55 

Buffington, Samuel 54 

Buckle, Thomas 25 

Bull, Col 9, 10 

Bull, Fenwick 24 

Bullock, Mr 45n 

Burn, John 24 

Burn, Mary 157, 159, 165n 

Burnell, Cradock 174 

Burnett, Mr 131 

Burns, Colonel 125, 126 

Burroughs 118 

Burt, William 25 

Burt, William Matthew 

[Gov. of Antigua] 59, 60 

Bush River 55 

Busk Festival 139, 141 

Butler, Benjamin, 1st Lt 67 

Butler, James 75 

Butler, Meshack, 2nd Lt 67 

C. L. & Co 127 

Calder, Sir Henry 41 

Camden, [S.C] 63 

Cameron, William 25 

Campbell, Col 18, 65 

Campbell, John, Major 39 

Campbell, McCartin 28 

Campbell, Sarah Fenwick 

[Mrs. Macartan Campbell] 98 

Campbelton 58 

Cannad, John 68n 

Cannons Tract 131 

Cape, Bryan 26 

Capers, Gabriel 26 

Carey, James 26 

Carey. Nathaniel 28 

Carlton, Joseph 60, 61 

Carne, Samuel 26 

Carne, Mrs 154 

Carney, Arthur, Capt 43-45, 115 

Carney, Mrs 45 

Carney's Cowpen 45 

Carolina 7, 108, 109 

Carolina Brigade 50 

Carolina Sloop 60, 61 

Caroliniana Library, 

Univ. of S.C 63n 

Carr, Captain [son of] 141, 142 

Carr, Mr 142 

Carroll, Mr 17 

Carruthers, Colo 39 

Carsan, James 73, 74 

Carson, Dr. 107 

Carson, William 107 

Carver 115 

Cashell, Mrs 68 

Cassels, James 26 

Gassings, Mr 140 

Caswell, Richard 

[Maj. Gen., N.C. Militia] 59 

Gate, Mr 127 

Cater, Stephens 28 

Cattaowchee River 147 

Chactan 137 

Chancery Court, [Chatham Co.] . . 106 

Charleston [also Charles Town] .7 

8, 10, 19, 27, 28, 47, 54, 57, 

60,61,64, 73, 74, 103, 109. 

113. 118, 122, 123. 129, 130, 

132, 138, 157, 159 

Charter— see Royal Charter and 

Trustees* Charter 
Chatham Co. 67, 99-101, 105, 106n 
Chatham Co. Court Clerk's Office 95 

Cheahaw 147 

Cheehaw 143 

Cliehaw 147 

Cherokee Hill 67 

Cherokee Indians 65, 136. 140, 

144. 145, 149n 

Chesca 147 

Chesterfield. Lord 109 



China 6 

Chisholm, Alexd'r 28 

Chisholra, Thomas 46 

Chisholm, Wm 28 

Chookohate 147 

Christianity 6 

Christ Church Parish 72 

Chudleigh 38 

Cincinnati Society 

see Society of the Cincinnati 

in the State of Georgia 
Cincinnati Medals 169n 

Clarey, Daniel 26 

Clark, James (Edisto) 28 

Clark, John (Phila. 1839) 107 

Clark, Lt. Col 65 

Clark, Mr 127, 153, 155 

Clarke, Elijah Col 171 

Clarke, Jonathan 99 

Clay, Joseph 44, 52, 97, 128 

also Joseph Clay & Co 115 

Clay, Mrs. 

[Probably Mrs. Joseph] 50, 51 

Clay Telfair & Co 128 

ClifFe, Walter (Brigade Major) . 63 
Clinton, [George] Governor 

[N.Y.] 172 

Clinton, Sir Henry 25 

Clinton, [Sir Henry, Maj. Gen.] . 40 

Clitheral, James Dct'r 26 

Close, Mrs. 9 

Cluny's American Traveller 114 

Cochran, Jonathan 100 

Cochrans 49 

Cockspur Island 65, 75 

Cohen, Jacob 106 

Colleton, Mrs 24 

Collins, Cornelius 36 

Colomb, Mr 53 

Colville, [Ship] 72 

Comet (Brigantine) 162 

Commander, Thomas 26 

Conessahty 139 

Congress [Georgia] 14-16 

Conochy 143 

Continental Congress 162 

Cook, James (Carpenter) 25 

Cook, Mr 165 

Cooke, George 25 

Cooper, Basil 26 

Cooper, Henry 65 

Cooper, Wm 65 

Cope, Charles 100 

Cope, Lewis 100 

Copp, John 172 

Corbett, Thomas 28 

Cork, [Ireland] 40 

Cornell, Geo 115 

Cornwallis, Lord 26 

Cosson, Mr 160 

Cosson, Mrs 160 

Cotterman, Thomas 36 

Council of Safety [Georgia] 14 

Coweta 140, 141 

Cowetas [Indians] 144 

Cowes [England] 69 

Cowper, Basil, & Co., also Cowper & 
Telfairs .... 69-74, 76-78, 80-85, 115 

Cowper, Mrs 155 

Coytmore, Lieutenant 140 

Craneneck 140 

Creeks [Indians and Nation] 65, 

136-139, 141, 143-149, 171 

Cretale 147 

Crockett 24 

Cronstadt [Kronstadt] 88 

Cruger, Lt. Col 56 

Cummings, Mate 76 

Cunningham, Andrew 26 

Cunningham, John 26 

Cunningham, Patrick 26 

Cunningham, Robert 26 

Cunningham, William 26 

Curling, George 

(London Merchant) 93,95 

Curriston, Mr 173 

Cusa 147 

Cusseeta 147 

Cusseetee 147 

Cusseta Indians 144, 147 

Cussihta 136, 139-142 

Cuthbert, Seth John .... 120, 122-125. 

167, 170 

Darien, Town of 45 

Dartmouth, Lord 38 

Davidson, John, Chief Mate 86 

Davie, Preston, Col 54n 

Davis, John 25 

Davis, Mrs 174 

Davison, Johnson 121, 123, 124n 

Dawkins 26 

Day, Joseph, Capt 67 

Dean, Rob't. Capt 24 

Deas, Brailsford 24 

Deas, John 28 

DeBuffv, LeDroit 104 

DeBuffy, Mrs 103 

Delaware River 135 

Delyou, Isaac 28 

Demere, Mr 45 

Demere, Raymond 105 

Densler [(?)], Michael 67 

Deptford [England] 86 

Deruis, Richard 25 

Deveau, Andrew, Jun'r 26 

Deveaux, Andrew (Sav'h) 27 

Deveaux, Jacob 26 

Dilkes, Major 40 

Dobbs, Mr 77 

Doctors Town 45 

Dodslev's Atmual Register 109 

Dooly, John 120 

Doors, John (Barber) 77 



Dorrel, William 26 

Doughty, William 28 

Douglass 95 

Douglass, John 68 

Douglass, Samuel 24 

Dovvnes, Arthur 25 

Duncan, James 25 

Dundas, Capt '.'..: 76 

Dundas, Thorn 40 

Dunning, J. (Lincoln's Inn) 84 

Dupont, Gedion, Jun'r 25 

Ebcnezer ;: 23, 52 

Edistow (S.C.) . . ..^..... ■•;;.:!.... 10 

Edmunds, Mr. ..... 162 

Eighth (8th) Va. Regt 47 

Elbert, Samuel 51, 169-171 

Elfc, Thomas, 1st Lt r- 68 

Life, William 20 

Elizabeth (Ship) 69, 70, 72, 82, 86, 

Elliott, Jacob, Dr. 108 

Elliott, John 43 

Elliott, Mr .-. 154 

Ellis, Edmund 27 

Ellis, Henry (Royal Governor 

of Georgia) 11-13, 36, 136, 146 

Emahtla . . 147 

Ematla . . .' 147 

England 5, 12. 83, 108, 111 

English, Robert 26 

Erven, William 45 

Esphan '..'..... 147 

Estechaco 147 

Etome 147 

Euchee 136, 140 

Euchee (Indians) 138, 139, 142 

Eustace i 51 

Eustace, Thomas 25 

Eveleigh, Samuel 8 

Ewart, Da\id (London Notary 

Public) 85-87, 94, 95 

Ewen, William ... 14, 16 

Eyecotts 24 

Falcon (.Sloop) j. 31 

Fanning, Col ^ . . . ;. 65 

Fainiing, John 26 

Fardoe, Jno. Geo. ....... .•.' . : . . ... 26 

Parish, Captain . . . . . .'. .'. 125 

Farley, Mr .'.:.. 154 

Farley, Mrs 154 

Farley, Joseph 72 

Fanner, John . 55 

Feaster, Wm.> 116 

Fenwicke, Thomas 26 

Fenvvicks, Edward 26 

Ferguson, Henry 26 

Few, William ,. . .'. . 174 

Field, James ■ .':.;. ........ .'. 99 

Field, Joseph -. 55 

Field, William 55 

Filiaturc 112, 113 

Fisher 24 

Fisher, John 25 

Fisher, John (Orangeburgh) 26 

FitzSimmons, Christopher . 25 

Flechall, Tho's, Colonel 26 

Fleming, Maj 50 

Flint River 147 

Florida 34n, 43, 51, 131-133 

Floys, Matthew 26 

Flyming, Thomas 76 

Foissing, Elias 26 

Forbes, Thomas 117, 129, 132 

Forest, Stephen 136 

Forrester, Sandy 129 

Forster, John 36 

Forsyth, Major 169 

Fort Albah(a)ma 139 

Fort Argyle (Bryan Co. on 

Ogeechce R.) 32 

Fort Barrington (on Altamaha 

River) 45, 48 

Fort Charlst. [on?] 122 

Fort Fillies [(?)] 48 

Fort Johnston [(S.C.?)] 162 

Fort Moore (S.C.) 136, 143 

Fort More see Fort Moore 

Fort Prince George 140 

Fort Tonyn (on St. Mary's River) 50, 51 

Fox, Mr 72, 75 

Frazor, James, Doct'r 26 

Frear, John 28 

Frederica 35, 130, 131 

French, Capt. (Delancey's Bn.) .... 53 

French, Robert . 146 

Fryday, David \ ....... . 27 

Fullalove, Thomas 24 

Fultons 46 

Furman, Mr . 166, 167 

FyfF, Charles, Dct'r 26 

Gage, Thomas, Maj. Gen. . : '. 38 

Gaillard, John 26 

Gaillard, Theodore 26 

Galphin, Mr. [George] 139, 143 

Garden, Alexander, Dct'r 26, 98 

Garden, Benjamin 28 

Garrett, John 121-126 

Geiger, Jacob 26 

George II (King of Great Britain and 

Ireland) 4, 5, 11, 13, 17 

George III (King of Great Britain and 

Ireland) 96, 147, 160 

Georgia . 4-14, 17-23, 30, 31, 35, 30. 

56, 59, 64, 68, 70-73. 79, 96, 97, 105, 

107-114, 117, 127, 129-131, 133, 143, 

144, 146, 147, 149n, 153, 155, 159, 

171, 174 

Georgia Historical Society lln, 95n, 96n 

Germanv, Mr 137 

Gibb, Dict'r 24 

Gibbons, Mrs 50 


Gibbons, Thomas 24, 127 

Gibbons, Thomas, Jr., 2nd Lt. ... 67 

Gibbons, William, ]r 106n 

Gibbs, Walter John 25 

Gibbs, William Hasell 106 

Gibbs, Zachariah 26 

Gilbert, Mr 90 

Gimon, Laffiteau 103, 104 

Glascock, Thomas 149n 

Glen & Gilbert, Messrs 90 

(ilen, John 26 

Glen, William 25 

Gopport 79 

Gordon, James [Geo. Town] 26 

Go\ernor of South Carolina 
, see Lyttleton, William Henry 

Graham, Benjamin 70, 77, 79-85 

Graham, John 62, 120 

Grant, James 66 

Granville County, S.C 148 

Gray, Edm'd 141 

Gray, Robert 26 

Grayham, John ... see Graham, John 

Grayson, Col 17, 120 

Great Britain 6, 81, 93, 94, 

109, 113, 149n 

Great Ogeechee 67 

Great Valley, Pa 173 

Greene, Mrs. [Nathanael] 173 

Greene, Nathaniel, 

Maj. Gen 23, 28, 173 

Greenhowe, Mr 126 

Greenwood 24 

Greenwood, William 25 

Greenwood, William 

(London Merchant) 93, 94 

Gregg & Potts, Solicitors 79n 

Gregory, Benjamin 26 

Grierson, Geo (Waxhaws) 26 

Grierson, J 119 

Grierson, Jas 62 

Grimball, Mr. (of Edistow, S.C.) . . 10 
Guadaloope, Frigate (British) .... 57 

Guerard, David 27 

Guest, ^Villiam (Tyger-River) ... 26 

Guild Halls Old Son 143 

Gunn, James 174 

Gunn, James, Col 67 

Habercorn (Abercorn?) ..... 65 

Habersham, James, Jr 97 

Habersham, John, Major 44, 54 

Habersham, John 169, 170, 172 

Habersham, Joseph, Colonel 46, 50-52 

Habersham, Mrs. Isabella 49-51 

Halifax, Nova Scotia 41 

Hall, Nath'l 24 

Hallett, John 143 

Hallfest, John, 1st Lt 67 

Hallifax, St. George Parish, Ga. . . 68 

Halligan, Michael, Esqr 48 

Hambelton, Paul, Sen'r 25 

Hamcr, Mr 75 

Hamilton, Mr. (Edistow, S.C.) 10 

Hammerton, John 24 

Hammerton, Mr 10 

Hammond, Colonel [probably Leroy 

Hammond, Col. S.C. Militia] 49, 

121, 125 

Hammond, J • • 1^5 

Hanley, Gilbert ; 36 

Hannah, Robert ; .......... 140 

Hannahan, William 28 

Hare, Edward 25 

Harleston, John, Coll 28 

Harrington, Earl of [Philip 

Stanhope] 1^7 

Harris v Revdice (Court Ruling) . 85 
Harris, Francis Henry (elected 

Lt. Gov.) 16,47-49, 51 

Harris, Miss 50 

Harris, William 55 

Harris, Will, Jr 66 

Harris & Delyon 126, 127 

Harris & Habersham . 35-37 

Harris's Voyages • • HO 

Harrison, Nathaniel 27 

Harry, Matthew 173 

Harty [(?)], John : 25 

Harvey, Alexander . . . 25 

Hatley, Roger P . • • • 24 

Haugh, Philip 24 

Hawchee 147 

Hawchu 147 

Hawes, Lilla M. (Mrs. Foreman) 54n 

Hawkins, Benjamin 149n 

Head of News 49 

Heads Bluff (Altamaha R.) ...... 50 

Heard, Stephen - 30 

Heath [William] Major 

General 167, 169n 

Helveston, Mr • 115 

Henderson, Robert .-:..'. . .-- 135 

Hibben, Andrew 26 

Higginson 24 

Hill, Richard 24 

Hill, Thomas, Rev 156, 161, 162 

Hinds, Patrick 26 

Hitchcta People 139, 141 

Hobbs [(?)] Joel 25 

Holmes, James 26 

Holmes, Robert . . . • 24 

Hopewell Treaty 149n 

Hopton, John 25 

Hornby, Will 66 

Horry, Daniel, Col. (S.C.) 28, 53 

Horry, Mrs 109 

Houston, James 170 

Houston, James, Dr 76 

Houston, John 118 

Houston, Sir Patrick (Bart.) 96 

Houstoun, John 95, 115 

Houtlepoak 147 

Howard, Charles Wallace, Rev. lln 



Howe, Robert, Maj. Gen. . . 47, 50-52, 

64, 160 
Howley, Richard [Gov. of 

Georgia] 17, 29, 57, 98 

Hudson 123 

Hulata 147 

Hume, John 24 

Hume, Mr 9 

Hunter, George 24 

Huntington, Samuel [Pres. 

Continental Congress] 57 

Indian Town 161 

Indians 6, 7 

(see also specific tribes) 

Inglis, Alexander 25 

Inglis, Captain 155 

Inglis, John 116, 126 

Inglis, William 117 

Inverness (Darien) 116 

Ireland 81 

Irwin, Lt. Gov 24 

Issulgy 140 

Italy 109, 111 

Jack, [Samuel ?] Coll 127 

Jackson, (Attorney) 99 

Jackson, James 170, 171 

Jackson, Mattie 73 

Jacksonburgh [S.C. ?] 24 

Jarvis, Jacob (Antigua) 60 

Jaunt, W. T 73 

Jay, John 173 

Jefferson, Thomas 173 

Jenkins, Joseph, Col 28 

Jenkins, S. H 117 

Jennet, Mr 118 

Jenys and Baker, Messrs 8 

Jerry 125, 126 

Jinsey, Mr 122 

Johns, William 36 

Johnson, George 75 

Johnson, James 76 

Johnson, Lewis 68 

Johnson, Robert 

(Gov. South Carolina) 10 

Johnston, Charles 26 

Johnston, Robert 25 

Jones, Colonel 154 

Jones, James, 1st Lt 67 

Jones N 74 

Jones, Noble Wymberly 99 

Jones, Seaborn 128, 148, 149 

Jones, Shilby 99 

Jones, Thomas (Trustees 

Storekeeper) 110, 112 

Jones, Thomas (Rev.) 173 

Julin, Geo. (New Acquisition) . 27 

Kane, Alex'r 118 

Kase, Alex'r (see Kane, Alex'r) 

Kean, John 170 

Keating 72 

Keating, Mr 124 

Kendall, Jeremiah 121, 123-125 

Ktnnard 141 

Kennon, Will 47 

Kerr, John (Savannah) 28 

Key, Captain 124 

Kincaid, George 24 

King, Capt 78 

King. Jack 138, 139 

King, John 149n 

King, Mark (Royalist Deserter) 64, 66ii 

King. Richard 26 

King's Bench, Westminister 93 

King's Council 13 

Kingsley, Zephaniah 25 

Kintoch, Cleiland 28 

Kiowee River 149n 

Kirkland, Moses 26, 54 

Knott, Jeremiah 24 

Knox, Henry 172 

Knox, Mrs 173 

LaFayette, Marquis de 173 

Lamar 121, 123-125 

Lamb, Sir Thomas 109, 111 

Lambert, Lance 28 

Lamblon, Richard 24 

Lancaster, Mary 100 

Lang, William, 

Ship Captain . , 70, 81, 81n, 85-95 

Lanier, Peter 170 

Laroche, John, Capt 28 

Lauderdale, Earl of 38n 

Laurens, Mr 46 

Leak, Richard 97, 101, 102 

Leconte 75 

Leconte, John 1 15 

Leconte, Mrs 50 

Leconte, William 115 

Ledbetter 127, 128 

Lee County, Ga 120n 

Leed, General 160 

Leesburg 119, 120n 

Leeson, James 103, 104 

Leeson, Joseph 107 

Lcgg, Benjamin 26 

Legg, Edward, Sen'r 28 

Legge, Edward, Jim'r 25 

Lcnoos Ferry 161 

Leslie, John 130, 133n 

Lesty [(?)] 79 

Levy, Marion A. (Mrs. B. H.) 60n, 61 n 

Liberty Co 66, 101 

Liberty (Schooner) 44 

Lincoln, Benjamin. 

Maj. Gen. .19, 49, 50, 53, 56, 57, 119 

Lindcr, John Jr 26 

Linder, John, Sen'r 27 

Lindsay, Robert 25 

Linwood 24 



Little Ockchoy 137 

Little Ogeechee 67 

Little Talsey 137 

Lloyd, Edward Capt 68, 99-101 

Lloyd, Mrs 154 

Lockeway 147 

London 69, 70, 72, 78, 81, 82, 

85, 87, 88, 90, 93, 94, 97, 108, 113. 

114, 116, 126, 129, 133, 134, 150, 

153, 155 

London Magazine 109 

Loocock, Aaron 25 

Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer 5 
Lords Chief Justice of the 

Common Pleas 5 

Lord Chief Justice of the 

King's Bench 5 

Lord High Chancellor 5 

Lorimer, Cha's, Lord 24 

Lovell, Langford 76 

Lovell, Mr 75 

Lowers, Corporal 45 

Lowry 51 

Lowthers, Sir Ja's 

(House of Commons) 24 

Lucas, John, Major . . 167, 169, 170, 171 

Lynah, James, Doctor 26, 53 

Lyttleton [William Henry] Governor 

of (S.C.) 136-138, 143-145 

McBean 49 

McBeth, Alexander 25 

McCall's History of Georgia 107 

McClay, William 174 

McCorrie, Andrew 68n 

McCoy, Capt 78 

McCullough, John 106 

McDonald, Dolly 167 

McDonald, M 167 

McDonald, Nancy 166 

McGillivray, Alexander 153, 155 

McGilvray, William 27 

McGoun, Alexander 71-74 

McGowan, A 128 

McGown, Alexander 119 

Mcintosh, George 43 

Mcintosh, John Col. (Later Maj. Gen.) 

(Son of William) 42, 43, 63 

Mcintosh, John 134, 135 

Mcintosh, John Jr. Capt. (Son of 

Gen. Lachlan) 66 

Mcintosh, Lachlan, Lieut. 

(probably son of William) . 43 
Mcintosh, Lachlan, Maj. Gen. 42. 45n, 

63, 99 
135, 149n, 167, 167n, 171 
Mcintosh, William (British Indian 

Agent) 65 

Mcintosh, William, Lt. Col 43 

Mclver, Alexander 170 

MacKay, James, Captain 143 

McKav, Patrick 24 

McKean, W. 17 

McKinny, William 25 

McKinsey, Andrew 25 

Macklemurray, Patrick 27 

McLaughlin, Miss Margaret .... 95n 

McLean, Mr 127 

Macoy 143 

.Vlacpherson, Capt 9 

MacPherson's Annals of Commerce 113 

.McQueen, John Capt 67 

McQueen, Mr 98 

.\Iaderia Island 38 

.Maderas, The 6 

.Madocks, John (Lincoln's Inn) 84, 85 
Maitland, Alexander, General . . 38, 39. 

41, 42 

Maitland, Alexander, Mrs 40 

Maitland, John (Lt. Col.) . . 38, 41, 42 

Maitland, Mr 79, 82-85 

Makee, James 25 

Manigault, Gabriel 8 

Mansfield, Lord 41 

Mansel, Walter 24 

Marshall, John 135 

Marten, Mr 133, 134 

Martin, Clement, The Elder . . 101, 102 
Martin, John (Governor of 

Georgia) 29n 

Martin, Joseph 149n 

Martin, Mr 162 

Martyn, Benjamin 35-37 

Master of the Rolls 5 

Matdox Settlement 55 

Mathews, Geo 171 

Matthews, Benjamin 28 

Matthews, William 28 

Matty Jackson [(Ship ?)] 73 

Maxwell, James 44 

Maxwell, Thomas 44 

Maxwell, William, Jr. 1st Lt 67 

Mayer, Adrian 148, 149 

Mayne, Cha's 24 

Mays, Capt 48 

Mazo, Will 66 

Medway see Midway 

Meggott, William 28 

Melven, Geo 17 

Mercier, John 126 

Meriwether, E. D 68 

Meriwether, James 105 

Methodists 174 

Mexico, Gulf of 147 

Michie [(?)], James 24 

Middleton, Major 121 

Midwav 143 

Milledge, Mr 121, 125 

Miller, Jolni 139 

Miller, Joseph J 135 

Miller, Nicholas 36 

Milton, John 149, 172 

Minis, Abigail 119 

Minis, Philip 47, 48 

Minis, Philip, Dr 116, 118, 128 



Moadies .> 79 

Mobile 141 

Mocolassas 137 

Montfont [Montfort ?], 

Robert, Capt 67 

Moore, Isham 28 

Moore, James 75 

Moore, Mr Ill 

Moore, Major 57, 58, 62 

Moore, William, 2nd Lt 67 

More [(?)], Col. Mil 54 

Morris, Robert 174 

Morrisiiam 133 

Morrison, Lieut 45 

Morton Hall 68 

Moss, William 117, 134 

Moultrie, Alexander 103 

Moultrie, William, Maj. Gen. . . 60, 61 
Moultrie & Piqueny 

[Pinckney ?] 103, 104 

Mount Pleasant 32, 139 

Mucculassa 137 

Muir, William 76 

Mulberry Grove J ...... . 29 

Muncrieff, Richard .:...... 28 

Muncrieff, Richard, Jr. 28 

Munro, Lt. Col 54 

Muntford, Capt 106 

Murray, Hugh 36 

Miuray, John 24 

Murray, Rich'd D, .. 99, 100 

Murrays Ferry 161 

Murrel, Rob't 27 

Musgrove, John 27 

Myers, R. P 119 

Nash, [Abner], Governor, 

[N.C.] 58 

Nash, Wm 86,88 

Nassau ..;.:. 129, 130, 132 

Neal 75 

Neilie, Christopher 27 

Neath, [Pa.] 174 

Nesbit, Sir John 24 

Netherclift 130 

New Orleans 141 

New York 14, 170, 171 

New York City 54n, 59 

Nicols, James 76 

Nicols, Simon 55 

Nicols, William 55 

Nisbitt, William 25 

North Carolina .... 19, 99, 122, 149n 

Nottage 173 

Nutt, John 126 

Nossman [(?)] 115 

Nunez, Moses 115 

Ochcancana 147 

Ockchoy 138 

Ockfusky 136, 141 

Ockfusky, Captain 136 

Odingsell, Capt. 

(Edistow, S.C.) 10 

Ogechee 139 

Ogeechee Ri\er 53, 65 

Ogilvie, Charles 41 

Ogih ie, George 24 

Ogilvie, William 24 

Oglethorpe, James Edward, (General 

and Governor of the Colony of 

Georgia) 10, 31, 32, 108, 111 

Oglethorpe's Regiment [42nd Regt. 

of Foot] 33, 34n 

Oglevie, Charles 27 

Oneal, Henry 27 

Ord, Capt., (Navy) 24 

Ord [(?)], Jno. (Antigua) . . 60, 61 

Osiiuind 24 

Osoche 147 

Osochee 147 

Otbolengi, Mr. (silk culture) .... 113 

Ousetchee 140 

Owen, John [(Fish ?)] 28 

P. Cracker (Ship) 75 

Palachuco Garrison 143 

Palachucola , 140 

Pallachucola ......= , 140 

Palestine 6 

Panton, Forbes & Co. 129 

Panton, Mr 129 

Paris 172 

Paris, Franc (Chatham Co.) 101 

Paris, Peter . 75 

Parris, Robert, Capt 55 

Patton, Ellenor 99 

Payne, Robert 134 

Peannon, Joseph 66 

Penary, Capt 118 

Penda [(?)], Richard 27 

Pendleton, (Attorney) 100 

Pendleton, G. D. 127 

Penn, William 7 

Pennsyhania 7 

Peinisylvania Historical Society . 49n 

Penyvai 173 

Pepper, Captain 137 

Percy. Mr 162 

Perhallowy, Captain 150 

Perrenneau, Robert 26 

Petrie, Edmund 25 

Piiepoe, Thomas 25 

Philadelphia 52 

103, 118, 119, 135, 163, 173 

Philip, Robert 25 

Philips, Ralph, Major 25 

Phosatchee 147 

Pickens, Andrew 149n 

Piedniontese [Italian] 110 

Pierce 170 

Pierce, Mrs. Charlotte 97 

Pigot, Brigadier 40 

Pinckney, Charles, Sen'r 28 

Pinckney, Col 17 


rihckney, Mrs 109 

Piqueny [(Pinckney ?)] 103 

Plain Narrative [Ship] 75 

Plumber, Uaiiiel 27 

Plymouth, [Devonshire] 39 

Poaher, Philip 27 

Poble [(?)], Mr 75 

Phint People [Indian tribe] . . 139, 141 

Polly, (Brigantine) 75 

Porpon 159 

Port Royal, [S.C] 7, 9 

Portsmouth, [England] 38 

Powell 79 

Powell, Captain 154 

Powell, James Edward 75 

Powley, Mr 92 

Preston, Henry 14, 15 

Pl'evbst, Aug[ustine], [Gen.] 52 

Price, Hopkins 25 

Price, William 28 

Prince George (Guard Boat) 37 

Privy Council 13, 89, 90, 93 

Proback, Gen. 65 

[(i.e. Frederick de Porbeck)] 

Probate Court, Liberty Co lOI 

Proctor, Thomas, Col 170, 171 

Protestants (In Europe) 4, 6 

Prothonotary Office 14, 16 

Pulaski, Count 53 

Pulishburgh 159, 160 

Putnam, Henry 105 

Pyle 174 

Quakers 20 

Qvieensborough [Ga.] 98 

RadcUffe, Thomas, Jr 28, 48 

Rsmsay's History of South 

. Carolina 109 

Rangers, [Company, S.C] 9-11 

Raper, Robert 25 

Rasberrv, Thomas 36, 37 

Read, Jacob . 47, 103, 106, 107, 153 

ke'ad's Bluff 50 

Rcdhouse Deptford 86 

Rac, James 123, 125 

Rainier, Captain . . 153, 155 

Randon, Mr 139 

Read, Betsy 153 

Read, George 153 

Read, Miss 153 

Read, Mr 154 

Read, Mrs 154, 155 

Reed, Gov't 17 

Reed, Jacob [(probably Read)] 103 

Recs, Benjamin 27 

Rees, William 27 

Reeves, Henry 25 

Reid, John 25 

Regan, Peter (London Mariner) 97. 98 
Revdice (see Harris vs. Revdice) 

Revolutionary War I49n 

Reynolds, John 12 

[Royal Governor of Georgia] 

Rhems, Joseph 27 

Rhctt, Mr 151 

Richards, L's 155-157, 159, 162 

Richards, Mrs 157, 159 

Richmond, Duke of 117 

Rippon, Isaac (Wadmalaw) 28 

Rivcrlay 174 

Roberts (Barony Proprietors) .... 25 

Roberts, Captain 160 

Robertson, Joseph 27 

Roberts, Joseph, 2nd Lt 67 

Rogers, Dr 163 

Roman Colonies 4 

Rome 4 

Rose, Alexander 26 

Rose, Jno., (Antigua) 60 

Rose, John 25 

Ross 72 

Ross, Mr 45 

Rotterdam 81, 82 

Round O 118 

Rouse, Mr 151 

Rowe, Samuel 27 

Roval Charter, Establishing the 

Trust (June 5, 1732) 7n 

Rudolph, Michael 167, 170 

Rugge, James 25 

Rugley, Henry 27 

Riigley, Rowland 25 

Ru.ssia 88 

Rutledge, John 162 

Sabb, W^illiam 28 

Sahlegey 140 

Sailor, David 25 

St. Augustine 33, 117, 129, 132-134 

St. Catherines Island 105 

St. Davids 43 

St. George Parish 68n 

St. James, Court of 13 

St. Johns, Antigua 56, 59, 71 

St. Johns River 50, 51 

St. Julian, Mr 9 

St. Marv's [Ga.] 130, 132 

St. Mary's River 43, 44, 147 

St. Petersburgh, Russia 81-83, 85, 91 

St. Philip (Sloop) 31 

St. Simons Island 130 

Salisbury 122 

Sally (Schooner) 135 

Saltzburghers 6 

Sams, William 28 

Sanders, William 75 

Sandiford, Col 48 

Sandwich, P 38 

Sapelo Island 130 

Sastrlyla 119 

Satilla River 50 

Savage, John 25 

Savage, Mr. (on Ogeechee) 53 

Sa\age, Thomas 17 



Savannah (City) 16. 24, 28, 36, 

38n, 42, 45, 54, 56, 59, 62, 64, 

65, 69, 70, 72, 73, 96, 106, 108, 

112, 113, 115, 117-120, 122-132, 

134-136. 146, 153n-155, 159, 160, 


Savannah River 5, 6, 64, 

126, 144, 160, 
Savannah, Siege of .... 19. 20, 24, 38 

Savanoes 137, 139 

Saxby, George 25 

Scarborough, Ship 38 

Schermerhorne, Capt'n 172 

Scochaby 141 

Scomp, Professor (Emory 

College) 11 

Scot, John 26 

Scot. Jon'a 26 

Scott 128 

Scott, Jonathan 28 

Screven, Hester 29 

Screven, James, Genr'l 29. 48 

Screven, Mary 29 

Seabrook, Joseph, Jun'r 27 

Seabrook. Joseph. Sen'r 28 

Sea Island 

[(Wilmington Is. ?)] 67 

Seneca, S.C 149n 

Senturian [(Centurian ?)] (Ship) . 41 

Serimsger, Lieut 45 

Seymour, Mr 62 

Shad, Solomon, Capt 67 

Sharp '2 

Sharp, Hal 49 

Sharp, W 14 

Sharpe, Phil 90 

Shaw, Mr 143 

Sheed, Georges 103 

Sheftall, Benjamin, 1st. Lt 67 

Sheftall, Levi 44. 77. 127 

Sheftall, Mordecai .... 59, 60, 64, 118 

Sheftall, Sheftall 59-61 

Shick, Frederick, Lt. Col 67 

Shrudger, Tho 71, 72 

Silk, Georgian 109-114 

Silk, Italian 110, 112 

Simons, Maurice 28 

Simpson, John (Georgia) 25 

Simpson, Mr 170 

Simond, Peter 25 

Slater, Mr 130 

Smith, John 77 

Smith, Mr 50 

Smith, Drummond 87 

Smith, Joshua (London 

Merchant) 87, 90-95 

Smoakes, Mrs 161 

Smyth, John 25 

Smythe, James 27 

Society of the Cincinnati in the 

State of Georgia 167-172 

South Carolina 4, 7-9, 19-21, 

34.35,47.57,61,72-74, 103, 
109, 111, 148, 149n, 155 

South Carolina Assembly 137 

South Carolina General 

Assembly 8-10 

Spalding, James 129-131 

Spencer 137, 138 

Spencer, John 99 

Spencer. Samuel, Capt. (Navy) .... 57 

Spense, Peter, Doct 27 

Spraggins, Major 49 

Spring Hill Redoubt 64 

Stack. Peter 36 

Standgate Creek (Thames 

Estuary) 88-90, 92. 93 

Staten Island, N.Y 42 

Stephens, W. (Attorney) . . 97. 100. 101 

Stephens, Mr 129-131 

Steven, William (Saluda) 27 

Steward, Charles Augustus 28 

Stirk 44 

Stirk, Samuel 30 

Stoddert, Ben 60 

Stokes, Anthony (Royal Chief 

Justice, Savannah) 96 

Stone, Samuel 128 

Stoo, Captain 132 

Stuart, Jas 107 

Stuart, John 25 

Stubbs & Slater 130 

Stubbs, Wade 129, 130 

Stuben, Major General 167 

Stukes, William 28 

Success, Ship 3$ 

Sunbury 56, 57. 59. 64, 167 

Sutcliffe. John 134 

Sutherland, Daniel 129, 130, 134 

Sweet, Forest H 54n 

Swift Creek 57 

Swiss 112 

T.E. & Co. [(?)] 127 

Taarling, Peter 100 

Talase 147 

Tallasee Indians 65 

Talley, John 68 

Talsey 136 

Tarling, Peter 47 

Tatnal, Josiah, Maj 67. 106 

Tatnall. Mr 117, 130 

Tatnall, Mrs. Josiah, Jr 106 

Taylor, John 76 

Taylor, John, 1st Lt 67 

Taylor, Peter 25 

Tefft, I. K 96n 

Telfair, Edward 48, 70, 73, 74. 

80, 116, 119, 127, 128, 170 
Telfair, William 71, 73, 74, 76, 79, 117 
Tennent, Mr. (Minister) .... 162, 163 

Tesconache 147 

Tetard, Benj 169 

Thames River 86 



Third N.C. Regiment 47 

Thlathlee 147 

Thomas, A. C 171 

Thompson, William, Capt 67 

Thomson, William 37, 71-79 

(London Merchant) 

Thorp, Cousin 153 

Thorp, Mrs 152 

Thorpe, (Barony Proprietors) ... 25 

Tlakou 147 

Tobler, John, Capt 28 

Tobler, Will, Capt 28 

Toheettle 147 

Tolase 147 

Tolopeochoosa 147 

Tonapeahowchie 147 

Tonyin, [Patrick, Gov. of East 

Florida] 45n 

Tookybahtchy 139, 141 

Totteridge, Hertforshire 38, 39 

Toweres, John 135 

Townicola (Near Mocolussah) .... 139 

Townsend, William 36 

Travers, Mr 58 

Treasury of the U.S 48 

Treaty of Paris 30n 

Trich, Adam 14-16 

Troup, John 47, 48 

Trout Creek 51 

(St. John's Tributary) 
Trustees' Charter (See also 

Royal Charter) 4 

Trustees for Establishing the Colony 

of Georgia in America, 

The 5, 10, 107, 108, 111 

Trustees Garden 64 

Tucker, Mrs 162 

Tugaloo River 149n 

Tukebatche 147 

Tunno, John 25 

Turner, David 27 

Turner, Robert, Capt 55 

Tusconache 147 

Tusconatche 147 

Tustonice 147 

Twiggs, John 171 

Upper Creek Nation 10 

Valentine, William 25 

Valk, Jacob 25 

V'arnum Icac [Isaac?] 55 

Vincent, Hannah 155 

Vincent, Mr 154 

Virginia 6, 19, 21, 32 

W , Mr 156 

Wafford, Benjamin 27 

Wagner, John 26 

Wain, Richard 25 

Wales 173 

Walker, Schooner 31 

Walton, George 14-17, 54, 

73, 74, 99-101 

Walton, John 170 

Wand, John (Merchant of Antigua 

and Savannah) 69-74, 79-82, 

84, 85, 95n 

Ward, John Taylor 26 

Wardlo, Captain 128 

Washington, George 169 

Washington, T 170 

Watts, Charles 30 

Webb, John 28 

Webb, Mrs 151-153 

Webb, Sam'l B 171 

Welcher, Joseph Capt 67 

Wells, Capt 75 

Wells, John Dct'r 28 

Wells, Mr 117 

Wells, Robert 25 

Wereat, John 14-16, 100 

West Indies (British) 13 

Whitaker, Mr 9 

Whitby (Ship) 53 

White, Anthony Walton 105 

White Bluff (Chatham Co.) 67 

White, James 67 

White, John, Col 53, 58 

Whitehall 89 

White's Volunteers 47 

Wigfall, John 27 

Wikoff, Isaac 100 

Wikoff, Peter 100 

Willock & Morson 76-79 

[Various spellings] 

Wilkinson, John 29, 93-95 

Will, William, Lt. Col 104 

Willard, George 27 

Willeman, Christopher 26 

William (Ship) 126 

Williams, Robert 25 

Williamsburg Township [S.C.] . . 161 
Williamson, Andrew, [Brig. Gen., Ga. 

Mil., Traitor 1780] 27, 49, 51 

Wills, John Jn'r 26 

Wilson, (Geo. Town) 27 

Wilson, Lt. (Army) 25 

Wilson, Rob't, Dct'r 26 

Wily, Alex'r 28 

Wimbush, Sam 121, 122 

Winchester, Mr 165 

Winstanly, Thomas 26, 107 

Winter, John 93 

Witherspoon, Robert 161 

Wolf, The 137, 139 

Woodward, Mr 9 

Wragg, John 25 

Wraxall, Mr 117 

Wright, Alexander 25 

Wright, Ambrose 16, 44 

Wriglit, Charles 25 

Wright, Sir James 25 

[Last Royal Gov. of Ga.] 117 




Wright, Jarmyn 25 

Wright, Jerrayn 154 

Wright. Mr. (linguist) 136 

Wyley, Rich'd 169 

Wylly, Alexander 68 

Wylly, Col 119 

Yahoola 147 

Yaka 147 

Yakene 147 

Yarboroiigh, Capt 27 

Yoakley, James, Capt 110 

Yonge, Harry 117 

Yoiige, Henry, Jr 96 

Young, Dr 164 

Young, Issac, Capt 67 

Young, Isaac 154 

Young, Mr 95, 96 

Young, W. (attorney) 97 

Zachary, John 110 

Zubly, John Joachim 27