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The Journal of the 

Reverend John Joachim Zubly 

A. M., D. D. 

March 5, 1770 through June 22, 1781 

Edited by Lilla Mills Hawes 

Director Emeritus 
Georgia Historical Society 


JU 4^cv--^-^ 

A Sesquicentennial Publication 

Savannah, Georgia 

The Georgia Historical Society 


For Rita Trotz 

With much affection and gratitude for all the help she has 

given me in preparing this manuscript for publication. 

Manuscript Journal of the Revd. John Joachim Zubly 

From March 5, 1770 to 9 April 1781 

presented to 

George Wallace Hunter, March 1828 by Archibald Smith, Jr., 

Grandson of Mr. Zubly — 8c by G. W. Hunter to the 

"Georgia Historical Society" 

Savannah, June 3rd, 1839 

Inasmuch as Zubly's Journal is being published in 1989 and 
the manuscript was presented to the Georgia Historical Society 
at its organizational meeting in 1839 it seems particularly ap- 
propriate to designate this publication as a Sesquicentennial 



My heartfelt thanks 

To Brenda Williams Long, now of Augusta, for her help in 
proofreading my first typed draft and in assembling the 
journal in chronological order. 

To Lee Alexander who also helped with proofreading. Her 
sharp eye for detail and her experience in reading manu- 
scripts were of great assistance. She also helped in research 
for material for footnotes. 

To Gordon B. Smith who read the typescript and made many 
helpful suggestions. 

To Rita Trotz who helped me in so many ways it is impossible 
to delineate them. 

To the Rev. Raymond Davis for his help in interpreting many 
religious symbols. 

To Dr. John D. Duncan for the loan of some of his South 
Carolina books. 

And, to the Georgia Historical Society staff for their always 
cheerful assistance in getting books for me, in photocopying 
materials and in typing letters and this journal. 



Acknowledgements iv 

Illustrations vi 

Foreward vii 

Preface viii 

The Journal 1 

Appendix 102 

Bibliography 113 

Index 124 


Pliotogiaph ot Zubly's entry tor October 24, 1775 .... xix 

Map tiacing Ziiblv's journey from Philadelphia to 

Savannah .....' 62-63 



It is my hope that the publication of the journal of the Rev. 
John Joachim Zubly will lay to rest the calumny that he was a 
traitor or turncoat, when in reality his only offense was loyalty 
to his King. The legend of his traitorous activities has persisted 
since his own time and has been many times in print. 'Tis true 
that some 20th Century historians have written that he was not 
a traitor but the legend lingers on. It is not at all uncommon 
that a statement, once it has appeared in print, is thereafter 
accepted as fact. 

It is my belief that the members of the Georgia Provincial 
Congress, on a hot July 4 afternoon in Savannah, went to sleep 
or dozed and did not really listen to Zubly's long and rambling 
"Law of Liberty" sermon. Had they paid close attention to what 
he was saying he probably never would have been chosen a 
delegate to the Second Continental Congress. 

His place in American history rests chiefly upon his atten- 
dance at the Continental Congress and not upon his career as 
a dissenting minister in Georgia and South Carolina. His jour- 
nal, I think, puts him in proper perspective. It shows the man 
as he was — a clear thinker, steadfast in his beliefs, devoted to 
his God, his church and his family. The political aspect of his 
career was an accident of history. He should be remembered 
and respected as the outstanding and good man that he was. 

Lilla Mills Hawes 
Director Emeritus 
Georgia Historical Society 



The manuscript journal of the Rev. John Joachim Zubly, 
March 5, 1770 through June 22, 1781, was given to the Georgia 
Historical Society by George Wallace Hunter on June 3, 1839.' 
Mr. Hunter had received it as a gift from Archibald Smith in 
March 1828.- April 9, 1781, is the final date of the journal as 
given in the presentation inscription. That date is incorrect. 
The error was probably due to the disordered state of the 

In a letter dated March 27, 1853, to Israel K. Tefft, Corres- 
ponding Secretary of the Society, Archibald Smith,=* Zubly's 
great-grandson, expressed surprise that the Society had the 
journal as he also had a journal and other papers of Zubly's. 
Mr. Smith's journal would have been of an earlier period. It 
is presumably lost as Arthur M. Smith,^ a descendant of the 
Archibald Smiths, wrote to Lilla M. Hawes, then Director of 
the Georgia Historical Society, on October 30, 1953, saying he 
did not have the journal and did not know of it. 

'George Wallace Hunter was born April 15, 1806, probably in Savannah. He was 
Assistant Cashier of the Marine and Fire Insurance Bank of Savannah and was one of 
the founding members of the Georgia Historical Society. At the formal organizational 
meeting of the Society on June 4, 1839, he was elected treasurer, which position he 
held until he resigned on September 14, 1840. His gift of the Zubly journal is recorded 
in the Society's minutes of July 8, 1839. He continued attending meetings of the 
Society until October 11, 1841, the last time his name appears in the minutes. His exact 
death date is unknown. The slab on his vault in Colonial Park Cemetery had so badly 
deteriorated at the time of a cemetery survey in the early 1900s that the death date 
had disappeared, though the birth and death dates of his wife were still legible. The 
inscriptions have now completely disappeared. He probably died shortly after Sep- 
tember 1843 for that is the last date he is listed in the newspaper indexes. There is no 
record of him in the vital records or the wills and administrations in the Chatham 
County Courthouse. Minutes of the GHS, Book I, 1839-1868, passim.; contemporary 
newspapers; Colonial Park Cemetary Paper, Ms. Coll. #1011, pp. 34-35. 

^Archibald Smith married Helena (Nelly) Zubly, daughter of JJZ's son David in 
1796. The journal undoubtedly came into his possession through his wife. His will is 
dated July 21, 1829, probated in 1830. Georgia Gazette, Nov. 3, 1796, p. 3, col. 3; 
Chatham County Will Book "G", 1827-1839, p. 14. 

'Archibald Smith, son of Archibald and Helena Zubly Smith, was born in Savannah 
on March 2, 1801, and died in Roswell, Ga. on Jan. 3, 1886. His father's will referred 
to him as a planter. Savannah Morning News, Jan. 14, 1886, p. 2, col. 5; Cordle, "Will 
of JJZ," in G//Q (1938), XXn:384-390. His letter to Tefft is in the GHS Manuscript 
Collections, #392, Item 4. It is copied in the Appendix, supra. 

■•The letter of Arthur M. Smith is in the correspondence file of the GHS. 


The journal is significant because it is, so far as has been 
ascertained, the only unpublished journal or diary of a delegate 
to the Continental Congress. It adds very little to the informa- 
tion in published journals of the Congress and personal diaries 
and accounts by other delegates. It is perhaps more significant 
because of the glimpses it gives of the Calvinist church in colo- 
nial Georgia and South Carolina, the troubles endured by a 
minister who was a dissenter from the established church,^ and 
who as a Loyalist during the Revolution was banished from 
Georgia. Bereft of his congregation he preached in various 
places in lower South Carolina. When he returned to Savannah 
after his banishment he found that his property and even his 
church had been vandalized by the people who banished him. 

John Joachim Zubly 

John Joachim Zubly, son of David and Helena Zubly, was 
born in St. Gall, Switzerland, August 27, 1724. He was ordained 
in the German Church (Dutch Reformed) in London on 
August 19, 1744, at the age of 20.*^ He was extremely well edu- 
cated and could read and speak in German, French, Latin, 
Greek, "Syriak" (Hebrew?). He was later honored by the New 
Jersey College (Princeton) with a Master's degree in 1770 and 
again with a D. D. degree in 1774.^ 

A petition by some of the inhabitants of Vernonburg, Acton 
and adjacent hamlets** to the Trustees of the Colony of Georgia 

yjZ, in a letter written in June or July 1773 to an unnamed correspondent, tells 
of the locations of churches of various denominations in Georgia and points out in 
some detail the hardships endured by dissenting ministers. He wrote, "it once hap- 
pened to me that I was oblig'd to speak at my own Child's Grave, because the Rector, 
whom I had invited & expected, as being my particular friend, did not chose to attend." 
He also pointed out "the dissenters Indifference to their own principles." Mass. Hist. 
Soc. Proc, 1864-1865, pp. 214-219. 

•^The personal details are from a note by his daughter, Ann Zubly Seagrove, which 
is in the Appendix supra. Other information is from Strickland, Religion and the State 
in Ga., pp. 1 16-1 17. 

'The title of his doctoral dissertation was Exercitatio Theologica de Nubis Virginis 
(Carlopoli: 1775) (Dissertation on the Theology of the Virgin Birth (Charleston: 1775)). 
Muhlenberg, yourna/i, ll:663n. 

^These hamlets, along with Hampstead, were south of Savannah. They had been 
settled by Swiss and German immigrants. 


dated February 6, 1742, stated "And whereas the Revd John 
Joachim Zubli of St. Gall in Switzerland — (Son of David Zubli^ 
of Purrisburgh in Carolina) is well known to many of us to be 
a truly Pious and Prudent, a Learned and Conscientious Man, 
Orthodox in our Religion and very desirous of coming amongst 
us; We therefore Humbly pray your Honours to Indulge us in 
this, even to Appoint the said Revd. John Jochim Zubli, of and 
now residing in St. Gall in Switzerland to be our Pastor, and to 
send him to us — The granting of this Request will Sweeten all 
our Comforts." The petition was presented to the Trustees by 
Zubly himself on January 16, 1743/4. Zubly again attended the 
meeting of the Trustees on January 23, 1743/4, at which time 
he was asked what he requested of them for going to reside in 
Georgia as minister at Vernonburg and Acton. He proposed 
£50 per annum and his expenses for going there. This proposal 
was rejected by the Trustees; they felt they were not able to 
maintain him and considered him too young and inexperi- 

Despite the rejection by the Trustees, Zubly sailed for South 
Carolina on board the John in July 1744'* shortly after his ordi- 
nation. He was preaching in Georgia at Vernonburg, Acton 
and Hampstead by July 1745.'2 On December 29, 1746, the 
Trustees recommended that the Rev. Bartholomew Zouber- 
buhler, Minister at Savannah, make an allowance of £10 per 
annum to the Rev. Zubly as his assistant for those villages. In 
addition to the salary he was to receive income from lands set 
aside for the church.'^ 

'David Zubly settled in Purrysburg, S. C. in the 1750s. He died there in 1757. 
Meriwether, Expansion of S. C, p. 39. 

">Col. Recs. Ga. 1:440-442, 490; V:713; XXXI:8. 

''Ibid., XXX: 598-599. 

'^Historians W. B. Stevens and P. A. Strobel state that he went first to Frederica on 
St. Simons Island, Ga. and preached there for several years. Extant records do not 
bear this out. He probably preached in Frederica occasionally over a period of years. 
The John Joachim Zubli listed in Strobel as a resident of Ebenezer in 1741 was the 
uncle of JJZ. Stevens, Hist. ofGa., 1:359; Strobel, The Salzburgers ^ their descendant's, p. 

"Co/.ftm. Ga., XXXI: 104, 106, 107. 


Zubly left Georgia for South Carolina in March 1747.'* He 
preached for a while in the Lutheran Church in Amelia Town- 
ship, Orangeburg District, S. C, then accepted a call to the 
Independent Church at Wando Neck (Wappetaw) in Christ 
Church Parish, S. C. Two or three times a year he revisited 
Georgia and preached to his former congregations "to whom 
he is greatly attached, and they to him,"'^ 

On November 10, 1746, he married Ann Tobler, daughter 
of John Tobler, one of the earliest settlers of the Swiss colony 
in Purrysburg, S. C. By her he had several children, three of 
whom survived to adulthood. They were David (usually refer- 
red to as Jr. because of his uncle of the same name), John and 
Ann. His wife died on July 29, 1765, and he later married Ann 
Pye, also of Purrysburg.'^ 

Zubly received a call to the Independent Church, or Meet- 
ing House, in Savannah on April 25, 1758, but he did not 
become its full-time pastor until 1760." He remained in this 
charge until his death, though he spent some years in South 
Carolina during his banishment from Georgia. He returned to 
Savannah for the last time in April 1781 where he died three 
months later. His will requested that he be buried "just at the 
Entrance of the West Door of our Place of Worship and a plain 
stone to be laid over my Grave or fixd in the Wall with such 
inscription as will be found among my Papers and which my 
son will alter, if my Desire be thought improper and bury me 
near my Children, should it please God that I should die at or 

"Ibid., 186. 

'^Howe, Hist. Presby. Ch. in S. C, 1:266-267. 

"*Ann Pye Zubly died Dec. 14, 1781. David, as a Loyalist, went to East Florida and 
then to the Bahamas where he died July 14, 1792. John was born July 21, 1754, and 
died July 15, 1790 in Beaufort, S. C. Unlike his father and brother, he was a Patriot 
in the Revolution which caused an estrangement in the family. Ann married (1) Peter 
Bard, physician and merchant in Savannah and later in New York. Peter Bard died 
late in 1785 and Ann married (2) James Seagrove, Indian Agent. This information 
comes from contemporary newspapers, wills in Chatham County Courthouse, wills 
and other records in S. C. and notes of Ann Seagrove in the Appendix supra. David 
Zubly is not listed in Siebert, Loyalists in East Florida. 

"Zubly was this congregation's first pastor. The church was officially named the 
Independent Presbyterian Church some time after Zubly's period. Axley, Holding Aloft 
the Torch, passim. 


near Savannah at the Discretion of my Wife and Son..."'^ He 
was buried in Christ Church Parish Burying Ground (now 
Colonial Park) in Savannah.'^ There are no stones to any of the 
Zublys among the surviving stones in that cemetery. 

He was highly successful as a minister in Savannah and his 
congregation became the largest and most popular in Geor- 
gia.-" As shown in his journal he preached in English, German 
and French, depending upon the nature of his congregation. 
He accumulated a large fortune in land and slaves and derived 
some income from the public ferry he operated across Savan- 
nah River between South Carolina and Georgia.^' 

Dr. Zubly was so highly regarded in Savannah that at the 
outbreak of the Revolution he was chosen as a delegate to the 
Provincial Congress from the town and district of Savannah. 
On its first meeting day, July 4, 1775, the Congress adjourned 
to Dr. Zubly's Meeting House where he preached a sermon on 
the "Law of Liberty." Taking as his text James 2:12, "So speak 
ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty," 
he defined the law of liberty, discussed at some length the inter- 
relationship of it and the gospels, saying that it sets conscience 
above human authority; he cited the causes that gave rise to 
the formation of the Provincial and Continental Congresses 
and pointed out the duty to the King and that "our interest lies 
in perpetual connection with our Mother Country. "^^ 

He did not accept the appointment as a delegate to the 
Continental Congress until his congregation had given its con- 

Zubly arrived in Philadelphia on August 12, 1775, and pre- 
sented his credentials to the Congress on September IS.^"* A 

"*The will is given in full with biographical and genealogical notes in C. G. Cordle, 
"The Will of John Joachim Zubly," in GHQ XXIl:384-390. 

"See notes of his daughter, Ann Seagrove, supra. 

2"Jones, Biog. Sketches..., p. 203. 

^'Many grants of land are recorded in Col. Recs. Ga. His will and letters refer to 
slaves and other property. See note 46, below, on his ferry. 

'^'^The Law of Liberty. A Sermon on American Affairs... 

2'Axley, Holding Aloft the Torch, p. 12. 

^■•Zubly's attendance and his debates are recorded in Journals of the Cont. Cong., 
1774-1789, III, passim. Zubly's journal also records attendance in Congress and Com- 


few days later he was appointed to the Committee on Claims. 
He took an active part in the debates of the Congress and was 
outspoken in his opposition to some of its proposals, especially 
that for a break with Great Britain. 

His opposition to separation is very clear in the Journals of 
the Congress and in his own journal. His journal entry for 
September 16 states, "I made a point of it in every Company 
to contradict 8c oppose every hint of a desire for Independency 
or of breaking our conexion with Great Britain." In the Con- 
gress on October 6 he declared "I came here with two views; 
one, to secure the rights of America; second, a reconcilliation 
with Great Britain." On October 24 he wrote, "A Separation 
from the Parent State I wd dread as one of the greatest evils &: 
should it ever be proposd write pray & fight against it."^^ And 
on November 3 he wrote, "if Breach of peace and Separatn was 
the Sense of Congress it was time for himself to take himself 

The Agreement of Secrecy was signed by the delegates 
(Zubly did not sign) on November 9, 1775, and Zubly left the 
next morning to return to Georgia. He did not leave abruptly 
as has been stated in some accounts. He had evidently been 
planning to leave Philadelphia for he recorded in his journal 
on October 19 that he bought a horse and carriage, and he 
noted the purchase of a horse on October 24. 

He travelled home by horse and carriage. The journal gives 
a detailed account of his journey from Philadelphia to Savan- 
nah, which he reached on December 15, 1775. 

Zubly was taken into custody by the Council of Safety of 
Georgia in July 1776.^*^ He refused to take the oath of al- 
legiance; though willing to swear allegiance to Georgia he did 
not want to swear allegiance to other states which were not 
bound to support Georgia." He was banished and half his es- 
tate confiscated.^^ He went to South Carolina where he 

^^This statement has been quoted in several published accounts of JJZ. 
^"■Rev. Recs. Ga., 1:147-148. 

"J. J. Zubly. To the Grand Jury of the County of Chatham... 

2*See "Act of Attainder..." in Rev. Recs. Ga., 1:326-347; Watkins, Digest of the Laws 
ofGa..., pp. 208-219. 


preached in various places, often to the Negroes at Black 
Swamp which was near his Middlesex home. He returned to 
Savannah after the city was retaken by the British in December 
1778 and while here he preached to his former congregations. 
He was in Savannah during the siege of and attack on the city 
by American and French forces in October 1779. In November 
of that year he was appointed a Justice of the Peace. He went 
back to Charleston in that month and remained there until his 
final return to Savannah in April 1781 where he died on July 

Historians have accused him of treason or disloyalty while 
he was in the Continental Congress. Three delegates who have 
left records of the proceedings in their journals and diaries did 
not make any such accusation. They were John Adams of Mas- 
sachusetts,^" Richard Smith of New Jersey,^' and Samuel Ward 
of Rhode Island. ^^ Another delegate, Ezra Stiles of Connec- 
ticut, on hearsay evidence and after the fact, wrote that "Zubly 
left the Congress last fall abruptly, because they would not 
come into his plan of petitioning again, and because he was 
against Independency which he plainly saw the Congress was 
resolved on. The Congress fearing that he might do mischief 
sent one off after him. It is said that Dr. Zubly had been de- 
tected in Correspondence with Ld. Campbel, Gov. of So. 
Carolina, and thereupon was taken into custody. "^-^ 

It appears that the Georgia historians were chiefly responsi- 
ble for the accusations of treason. Hugh McCall, in the first 
published history of Georgia in 1816, says "...Mr. Zubly, a 
member from Georgia, was charged with treason by Mr. Chase 
of Maryland, by having disclosed the subject of deliberation to 

^'Zubly's movements are from his journal. There is, however, no extant journal for 
1776, May 31-Dec. 31, 1778, Jan. -May 1779, Aug.-Mar. 1779-1780. His appointment 
as Justice of the Peace is in Col. Recs. Ga., XII:464. 

^" Adams, Works, 11:421. 

'■Smith, Diary, in Amer. Hist. Rev., I:288ff. 

'^Ward, Diary, in "Mag. of Amer. Hist.", I:438ff. 

"Stiles, Literary Diary 11:10. Stiles' statement is partly true. The one sent after Zubly 
is alleged to have been John Houstoun of Georgia. This could not be true for the 
Journals of the Congress show that he was attending up to December 1775. 


Governor Wright of Georgia, in a letter. Zubly denied the 
charge of treason, and demanded the evidence on which he 
was accused. While Chase was collecting the proofs, Zubly dis- 
sapeared."^^ This accusation has been used with some variations 
by later historians; e.g., George White, ^^ W. B. Stevens, ^^' C. C. 
Jones," down to the present time. Extant records do not sup- 
port the charge of treason. George White added this intriguing 
embellishment, that after Zubly returned to Savannah he "to 
avoid the indignation of the people, for some time lay con- 
cealed in the cellar of a Whig lady, Mrs. Smith, the grand- 
mother of A. Smith, Esq., of Roswell." Zubly's own house in 
Savannah had been vandalized and what would be more natu- 
ral than that he should stay in the home of his own grand- 
daughter, Helena Zubly Smith? She was, by the way, the 
mother, not grandmother, of Archibald Smith of Roswell. 

No description of Zubly's appearance has come down to us 
and the only known portrait was destroyed by fire many years 
ago.^^ There are occasional flashes of wry humor in his journal, 
and Henry Muhlenberg noted "his usual lively cheerfulness."^^ 

His last years were very sad. Racked by illness, pain, despair 
and separation from his beloved family for many of these years, 
he became dependent upon ever increasing doses of laudanum. 
But he never lost his steadfast faith in his God and he prayed 
often for the release he was certain death would bring him, 
free at last to go to his "Eternal Home." 

Zubly is memorialized in Savannah by a tablet in the Inde- 
pendent Presbyterian Church; St. Gall Ward was named for his 
native town (most of his property was in this ward), and 
Joachim, Zubly, and Anne Streets in St. Gall Ward were named 
for him and his wife. 

"McCall, Hist, of Ga., 11:88-89. Note that he says Governor Wright of Georgia and 
not Governor Campbell of South Carolina. Other accusers also mention Wright. 
'^White, Hist. Colls. Ga. 11:88-89. 
'•^Stevens, Hist. ofGa., 11:120. 

"Jones, Hut. of Ga., 11:204, and Biog. sketches..., pp. 203-211. 
"Muhlenberg, yoMrraa/j, 11:595. 


Description of the Journal and Editorial Problems 

Largely because it is so difficult to read, the journal has 
never been published, though excerpts relating to Zubly's at- 
tendance at the Continental Congress have been quoted in 
some publications. German was his native tongue, and though 
the journal is largely in English, his Germanic script makes it 
extremely difficult to decipher. Some passages are in German 
or Latin with a scattering of French. He used his own abbrevi- 
ations and symbols for many words. 

The journal is a small vellum bound book. The pages meas- 
ure 3-7/8" by 5-5/8" and most of them are written on both sides. 
Due to the brittleness of the paper most of the pages are loose 
and many of the corners and top lines have been broken off 
and lost. There are, however, a few pages that are still stitched 
together. Because of careless handling of the loose pages the 
arrangement became haphazard and the journal was not in 
chronological order when this transcript was begun. 

There are gaps in the journal, years or months missing, 
which are more probably due to the fact that Zubly was not 
always diligent in entering his daily activities, rather than that 
the pages have been lost. What is extant fills the binding. The 
gaps are noted in the transcription. 

Fortunately Zubly used some year dates and more often the 
names of the months, but the most helpful device in rearrang- 
ing the journal in chronological order was his use of astronom- 
ical signs for the days of the week. With these signs and the aid 
of a perpetual calendar^" it was possible to rearrange the pages 
in order. As few printers have typefaces for these signs, and 
also to help the reader, these signs are herein designated as 
Sun., Mon., Tues., and so on in angle brackets, < >. He used 
the Greek letter psi for Psalms; this symbol is spelled out and 
enclosed in angle brackets. His unique symbols for "the" and 
"etc." and his abbreviation "Lue" for "Luke" have been spelled 
out without brackets as they would clutter the pages unneces- 
sarily. Words where he used a dash over a letter such as "m" 

'^"Clark's Famous 250 Year Perpetual Calendar. Astronomical signs can be found in 
Webster's International Dictionary and in books of signs and symbols. 


or "n" to indicate a double letter have been spelled out. He 
almost always placed a period after a numeral. All supplied 
information is within square brackets, [ ]. The passages within 
parentheses, ( ), and slashes, / /, are as Zubly wrote them. Punc- 
tuation, spelling and capitalization are as in the original. In 
some abbreviated words, however, omissions have been 
supplied in square brackets for clarification. 

Zubly's recording of baptism is confusing; he made no dis- 
tinction between names of children and parents except an occa- 
sional dash or /. Sometimes a given name is repeated in the 
line. In such cases only has "children of ?", "son of ?", "daugh- 
ter of ?" been supplied in brackets. Other entries have not been 

All Bible references have been checked to be certain they 
were transcribed correctly. 

An attempt was made to identify all of the persons men- 
tioned by Zubly, but many of them could not be found. Places 
mentioned as stops on his journey from Philadelphia to Savan- 
nah have been identified by state in the index listing. Some 
obscure places in South Carolina have been more fully iden- 
tified for many of them are found only on old and rare maps, 
in old gazetteers and in contemporary accounts. 

Transcribing the journal has been a challenging task. I had 
to put it aside many times due to the pressure of work. The 
transcription still contains too many gaps due to illegible words. 
Despite the gaps, the journal as it now stands presents a coher- 
ent story of the man and his career in the last years of his life. 
No one has yet been found who can translate the German and 
Latin phrases in toto. The handwriting is the main obstacle, 
18th century German is another. A couple of years ago the 
German passages were shown to Consistorialrat Dr. Herman 
Wende of Goslitz DDR when he visited Ebenezer, Georgia. He 
said the passages are religious in nature — hymns and religious 
philosophy. This is understandable as many of the English pas- 
sages are also religious philosophy. 

Only the resources of the Georgia Historical Society's li- 
brary and a few books in private collections in Savannah were 


used tor information in the footnotes. Perhaps, had I gone 
afield 1 could have identified more of them. 


The Georgia Historical Society has copies of some of Zubly's 
letters and other letters pertaining to his family and to his jour- 
nal. These papers are included in this publication as an appen- 

L. M. H. 


.-^ • ' %^ 

^umJu^ ^ ..e^. V£^, t',Ct^ u, . /Z< ^'^ ~-'^^ 

^M^f J^Ci^U ^tttU^ i.^^'^^^JtO^j/ 


<Mon.> March 5, 1770. [Remainder of line torn off] 

Set out for Charlestown the designs of my Journey: To do 
the needful for Mr Jacob Waldburgers'*' Estate in taking out a 
dedimus to prove his Will — an Administration on the Estate of 
Geo HouseKnecht^^ — & to sell a tract of Land in order to dis- 
charge my Carolina debts & to avoid any further uneasiness 
with Dr Cuthbert^^ — the hopes of seeing many friends & of 
being through Grace of some Use to them makes every other 
Intention less disagreeable — 

got to P[urrysburg]^^ by Way of McKay's Creek^'^ — 
<Tues.> Went to my ferry^^ — found the river falling though 
still very high — The ferry will be very easily made on the 
Carolina side — the Road to the King's Road^^ need not exceed 

"'Jacob Waldburger of St. Peter's Parish, Granville County, S. C. was born in Swit- 
zerland. His will was dated January 9, 1769 and probated on March 22, 1770. JJZ was 
one of the executors. Moore, Abs. Wills S. C, 11:129. He also preached the funeral 
sermon: The Christian's Gain in Death:. ..1770. 

"^George Houseknecht lived in the Purrysburg area of S. C. He died in 1770 and 
JJZ bought some of his property. 

"'Dr. James Cuthbert owned property on the north side of the Altamaha River in 
Georgia. He died in October 1770. Colls. GHS VI:91; Col. Recs. Ga., XI:32. 

""Purrysburg is on the Savannah River in Beaufort District, S. C., opposite Clyo, 
Ga. It was settled by Swiss under Jean Pierre Pury in 1733. It is now a "dead" town, 
though the old cemetery is at the site. A marker was placed on the river bluff by the 
Huguenot Society of South Carolina. Though named for Pury, Purrysburg is the 
accepted spelling for the town. It appears on several old maps. 

"^De Braham's map shows property of Patrick Mackay between Ebenezer and 
Savannah, but does not name this creek. 

"•'Zubly's Ferry was operated on the Savannah River between sites near Ebenezer, 
Ga., and Purrysburg, S. C. It connected with the present Union Road near Purrysburg. 

On February 12, 1770, JJZ petitioned the Georgia Commons House of Assembly 
for permission to operate a ferry between Georgia and South Carolina on his property 
which he named Middlesex Island. In his petition he said he had built a bridge over 
a large creek, established a boat and wanted it to become a public ferry. The petition 
set forth the rates and described the operation. It was passed by the House on January 
24, 1 77 1. An Act establishing a public road to Middlesex Island Ferry was passed on 
September 29, 1773. Col. Recs. Ga., XV:274-275; XIX:, pt. 1:258. 

Zubly's Ferry is shown on Campbells map (1780) and on a map of the Revolutionary 
period in South Carolina in Pruitt, Rev. War Pension Applicants S.C. It appears as Beck's 
Ferry in Mills, Atlas of S.C. (1825). 

Middlesex Island was separated from the mainland by the large creek Zubly men- 
tioned. It is not in the main stream of the river and appears on maps as a point of 
land. The name Middlesex Island was perculiar to Zubly; it is not on any of the old 
maps or in the old atlases. 

"'The Kings Road was probably the Union Road of the present time. 


2 ZuBLY Journal 

a mile &: a half. — got to Mr Pelot's^^ by dinner time and by a 
new but round about road — 

7. parting with Mr P he said something about Mr A[li]son'*^ 
which I must Speak to him about — we should not harbour hard 
thoughts against one another — without taking pains to clear up 
what is wrong — got to Mr Simpson's^" by dinner — he informed 
me of the intention of [top of page torn and parts illegible] to 
form a N York Synod — which I hope will have good Effect 
perhaps also have [one illegible word] 

reachd Mr J's Jordans""' — 

8. Spent the Evg agreably with Mr Maltby'^^ who appears 
comfortably settled & I hope to the Advantage of his people — 

With these 3 friends I had much to talk about Bethesda^^ 
who all advise [me] to bear my testimony — 

^"There were too many Pelots in this area of South Carolina to make a positive 

'"Hugh Alison (d. 1781), Presbyterian minister. He was Chaplain at Fort Pitt in 
1760, graduated from Princeton, 1762, and taught in Charlestown, S. C. for a time. 
He was minister at Williamsburg, S. C, 1761-1766, at Salem Church, Sumter District, 
S. C, 1769, and James Island, S. C, 1768-1781. Weis, Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, 
p. 71. 

'"Archibald Simpson, Presbyterian minister, was born in Scotland in 1734/.^5. He 
came to South Carolina in 1753 and served at Willtown, Stoney Creek, Beaufort, 
Saltketcher (Salkehatchee), Colleton County, successively, 1754-1772. He returned to 
Scotland in 1772. Ibid., p. 90. 

"■'James Jordan was a planter and a member of the Willtown Presbyterian Church. 
He died in 1772. A James Jordan appears on the muster roll of the 6th Co. Chehaw 
Dist., St. Barthholomew's Parish. S.C. Hut. Mag., LXn:47, 70, 237. 

^yohn Maltby, Presbyterian minister, was born in New Haven, Conn, in 1727. He 
graduated from Yale in 1747, was a tutor at Princeton, 1749-1752. He received the A. 
M. degree at Princeton and was ordained at Elizabethtown, N.J. in 1751. He served on 
Bermuda, 1752-1768 and at Willtown, Colleton County, S. C, 1768-1771. He died in 
Hanover, N. H. in September 1771. Weis, op. cit., p. 84. 

^'Bethesda Orphan House was founded by the Rev. George Whitefield in 1740. It 
was located near Savannah on the same site as the present Bethesda Home for Boys. 
On September 18, 1764, Whitefield submitted a memorial to the Governor and Council 
of Georgia suggesting that the Orphan House be enlarged as a school for boys of the 
upper class; it was to be modelled on Princeton. Such a school would alleviate the 
problem of having to send Georgia boys to the North for their education. The Gover- 
nor and Council approved the memorial with its sanctions before the Lords Commis- 
sioners of Trade. He presented another memorial to Privy Council. These proposals 
were referred to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Whitefield's death on Septmeber 30, 
1770, and the almost total destruction of the Orphan House by fire in 1773, prevented 
the plan from becoming a reality. Jones, Hist. ofGa., L408-413. 

In the James Habersham Papers, Ms. Coll. #337, Folder 4, in the Georgia Historical 
Society there is a 4-page fragment of the comments of an unidentified person on 
Whitefield's charter for the proposed college. 

ZuBLY Journal 3 

9. got to Chtown before dinner but greatly fatigued — 
Mrs Moody something better — Mr Gadsden^* wd Speak 

about Bethesda — I can't but hope my Memorial has been of 
Service — 

expounded Heb 5. with the fever upon me — 

10. Mr Gadsden explains Mr W's [George Whitefield]^'^ In- 
tentions — an Act to be passed in Georgia on the most Catholic 
plan — & exceedg unexceptionable I thank God for it, whatever 
may have brought this Alteration, for an Alteration it most 
certainly is — may God so Speed it as the original design is arrivd 
at 8c promoted — I shall with great pleasure promote Measures, 
the reverse of those I had thought my duty to oppose — 

offerd my Land to Mrs [Messrs] Midleton^*^ &: Rutledge,^' 
the last to bid for me as far as £4. 

Thos' Bonds promissary Note put into Mr Parker's^^ hands 

Whitefield referred to Bethesda as the Orphan House Academy in his will. 

^^Christopher Gadsden (1724-1805), Charleston merchant. Served for many years 
in the South Carolina House of Representatives and in the Continental Congress, 
1774-1776. He left the Congress to take command as Senior Colonel in the newly 
organized South Carolina forces. He became a Brigadier General in the Continental 
Army but resigned his command in 1778. DAB, IV:82-83. 

"George Whitefield (1714-1770), minister of the Church of England, arrised in 
Savannah on May 7, 1737, to succeed John Wesley as Minister at Savannah. He had 
been told by Wesley of the great need for an orphan house in Georgia so in 1740 he 
established Bethesda Orphan House on land granted him by the Georgia Trustees. In 
the following years he became an itinerant minister, preaching in many places in 
America and raising money for Bethesda. Four times he went back to England for 
extended stays. In 1764 he proposed that the Orphan House be changed to an academy 
or college for young men but did not live to see this plan carried out. He died in 
Newbury Port, Mass. on Sept. 30, 1770. Information from various biographies and 
sketches of George Whitefield. 

^•^Probably Arthur Middleton (1742-1787), son of Henry Middleton (1717-1784). 
He was born at Middleton Place on the Ashley River near Charleston, educated in 
England and read law at the Middle Temple. He was a prominent political and Revo- 
lutionary leader and a Signer of the Declaration of Independence. During the Siege 
of Charleston in 1780 he was taken prisoner and exchanged in 1781. He was re-elected 
to the Continental Congress in 1782. DAB, VI:599. 

"Edward Rutledge (1749-1800), Signer of the Declaration of Independence and 
Governor of South Carolina. He studied law in England. He was a member of the 1st 
and 2nd Provincial Congresses, 1775-1776, and a member of the 1st and 2nd Continen- 
tal Congresses, 1774-1776. Earlier he had served in the S. C. Commons House of 
Assembly. At the fall of Charleston in 1780 he was taken prisoner and later exchanged. 
After the Revolution he continued to take a prominent part in politics and in the courts 
of South Carolina. Ibid., VIII:258. 

^«Probably John Parker of St. James Goose Creek Parish, S. C. (1736-1802). He was 
prominent in South Carolina politics. Reynolds and Faunt, Biog. Dir. of Sen. S. C, p. 

4 ZuBLY Journal 

[Top of page mutilated] 

Mr T Savidge [Savage]^^ desires I would leave all the papers 
relating to Midlesex ferry in his hand & he makes no doubt of 
obtaining £700 but hopes £1000 will be given — 

Some germans apply to me to administer the Lords Supper. 
11. preachd for Mr Thomas'^" on Rom 8:2, for Mr Hart'^' 
Rom 7:24 and a Lecture on the Gospel of peace Eph 6:15. 
Blessed be God for attentive hearers 8c his gracious Assist- 
ance — 

wrote a Letter to Geo W[hitefield] which I shewed Mr 
Gadsden; he approvd it greatly — but in the Evg thought I bet- 
ter not send it — I am told everything is right, it makes me 
unhappy that I think I ha[ve] too much Cause against tacitly 
I now learn 
that Mr E[ccles]*^^ is not to be President will only teach 

that Mr W[right]*^^ is to be only at the Expence of materials 
but that the workmen have begd him to let them build it 
and they would charge nothing for their Work — 
that all the profits [remainder of sentence missing] are to 
go to [remainder of sentence missing] 
That Mr W[hitefield] designs the number of trustees shall 
be equally or nearly made up of church people & dissen- 
ters — 

^^Thomas Savage (1738-1786), was born in Bermuda. He migrated to S. C. and 
became a successful merchant and large landowner in S. C. and Ga. He held many 
offices, both public and militia. Edgar and Bailey, Biog. dir. S. C. H. of Reps., pp. 

™John Thomas (1746-1771), Presbyterian minister, born in Wales. He preached in 
the Independent Presbyterian Church in Charleston, S. C, 1767-1771. Weis, op. cit., 
p. 92. 

"'Oliver Hart (1723-1795), Presbyterian minister. He preached in Charleston, 1749- 
1780, and Hopewell, N. J., 1780-1795. He occasionally preached at Midway, Ga. Ibid., 
p. 79. 

•^^Edward Eccles was Chaplain at Bethesda in 1773. He apparently moved elsewhere 
after the Orphan House burned in that year; no further information has been found 
on him. Colls. GHS, VI:223, 224, 225, 228, 229, 231. The given name comes from the 
index to Savannah newspapers, 1763-1799. 

*'Mr. Wright was one of three brothers, Ambrose, Robert and Jacob, all of whom 
were connected with the building of two wings at Bethesda in 1769-1770. Most prob- 
ably it was Ambrose who was long associated with the Orphan House. Ibid., passim. 

ZuBLY Journal 5 

Number about 40. 
That he will give £1200 more toward it — 8c that he has the 
Promise of the Govr^"* if a Majority in the house favor the 
passing of such an Act. 

12. rainy morning. Mrs Berel desirous to return to G[eor- 
gia] offered to advance her Passage. 

tried Amman's**"* method of teaching the dumb to speak 
upon a child of Mr T. Screven about 8 yrs. old — she became 
sensible of the Conexion between A. Sc the sound A 8c nearly 
uttered it, but too childish yet — 

Spent the Evg with Dr Garden**** [2 words that look like 
queen guard] Academy Bethesda, Me cum sentire depre- 
hendo — 

13. Mr Laurens**' kindly presented my Memorial**^ &: a Com- 
mittee was appointed on the same immediately 

Mr Laurens desired to be informed of particulars tomorrow 

my Land was put up 8c sold to Mr Andrew Lord^^ for £4 
[per] acre to be resurveyd and paid for according to the Quan- 
tity it contains — 

preachd in the Evening on Rom 3:17. 8c spent the remain- 
der with Mr John Scott jun'*' very agreeably, a Gentn present, 
Valton", related of Dean Lynch'^ who had considerable church 

•^Governor Sir James Wright (1716-1785), 1st baronet, third and last royal governor 
of Georgia. DNB, XXI: 1022-1024; Abbot, Roy. Govs. Ga., pp. 84-183. 

•^yohn Conrad Amman (1669-c. 1730), Swiss physician. One of the earliest writers 
on instruction of deaf mutes. Encyc. Brit.(l958), 1:815. 

•^"Dr. Alexander Garden (c. 1730-1791), naturalist and physician, son of the Rev. 
Alexander Garden (1726-1748); born and educated in medicine in Scotland; came to 
Prince William Parish, S. C., ca. 1753; Loyalist in the Revolution; member of the Royal 
Society of London. The flower, gardenia, was named for him. DAB, IV: 132-133. 

•^'Henry Laurens (1724-1792), leading merchant of Charlestown and a planter. He 
took a prominent part in the affairs of South Carolina, serving at various times in the 
Provincial Congresses, Councils of Safety, House of Representatives, etc. He was also 
a delegate to the Continental Congress, 1777-1779 and was its president, 1777-1778. 
He had been a Lt. Colonel of militia against the Cherokees in 1761 and was often 
referred to as "Colonel." He retired from politics in 1785. DAB, VI:32-35. 

'^^This was probably JJZ's memorial for the South Carolina side of Middlesex Ferry. 

**'Andrew Lord, merchant of Savannahh, died in May 1781. Roy. Gaz., 5/31, 1781, 
p. 1 col. 3. 

™John Scott, Jr. was a merchant in Charlestown. SCH Mag., LXXIV:210, 255. 

"Probably Peter Valton of Charlestown, son-in-law of Peter Timothy, the printer. 
He was a member of the S. C. House of Commons. Edgar and Bailey, Biog. Dir. S. C. 
H. of Reps., 11:675, 721. 

'^ohn Lynch, Dean of Canterbury. Acct. SPCK, p. 17. 

6 ZuBLY Journal 

Revenues that when he reckond ["counted" written over 
"reckond"] the Money as he receivd it he would always say 
"The best constituted church in the World the best <etc.> he 
had golden proof of it ["] 

14. waited on Col Laurens; he does not seem to expect that 
the Assembly will give any money 8c I told him unless assisted 
to do the Work I should not choose to have a Law — visited by 
Mr Calhoun" — in the Assembly room saw the new map of S. 
Carolina (3. miles to an Inch) the division of parishes being in 
agitation'^ — The Comittee on my Bill Mr Laurens Col 
Thompson^'^ Mr Williamson^'^ Mr Calhoun Mr Drayton" 

preachd in the Evg to the germans on Tit 2.11-12. 

Mr Lord it seems bought my Land for himself gave Mr 
Ellis^« my Bond for £280 for flow^^ payable on Jany L 1771. 

Communicated Orphanage titles to Dr A Garden who 
thinks with the author. 

Terms of my Sale. The titles to be made for 750 Acres more 
or less, but the Land to be exactly surveyd 8c to be paid for 

"Patrick Calhoun (1727-1796), father of John Caldwell Calhoun. He was born in 
Ireland and migrated with his parents first to Virginia then to Granville County, S. C. 
in 1756. He served in the Royal Assembly from Prince William's Parish, 1769-1771, in 
the 1st and 2nd Provincial Congresses, 1775-1776, and in the General Assembly, 1776- 
1788. Edgar and Bailey, Biog. dir. S. C. H. of Reps., 11:133-135. 

■'^Probably "A Map of South Carolina fron an actual survey to the Hble. Peter Majiigault, 
Esq. and the Hble. the Commons House of Assembly... By Tacitus Gaillard [and] James Cook, 
Feby. 1770." Gumming, S. E. in early maps, p. 389. 

"William Thomson (Tompson) (1727-1796), of St. Matthew's Parish; member of 
the Royal Assembly, 1765-1771, of the 1st Provincial Congress, 1775, of the General 
Assembly, 1776-1777, State Senator from St. Mathew's Parish, 1779-1780. 1782; Colo- 
nel of the 3rd Regt. of S. C. Continental forces. Edgar and Bailey op. cit., pp. 669-671, 
DAB, IX:489. 

™William Williamson, member of the S. C. House of A.ssembly, 1760-1785, son-in- 
law of Peter Timothy, the printer. Edgar and Bailey, op. cit., pp. 720-721. 

"There were several Draytons who were active in S. C. politics at this time. Stephen 
Drayton (1736-1810) of Granville County was the only one who was a member of the 
S. C. Commons House of Assembly in March 1770. He served there from 1769-1771, 
then moved to St. John's Parish, Ga. where he was a road commissioner in 1773. He 
became a member of the Georgia Council of Safety in 1775 and went into the Continen- 
tal Army in that year with the rank of Captain. By 1778 he was a Major and Aide de 
Camp to Gen Nathanael Greene. He was appointed Deputy Quartermaster of the 
Southern Department with the rank of Colonel. After the Revolution he became in- 
volved in the Citizen Genet controversy in 1793. He died in Charleston. Ibid., pp. 

"Possibly William Ellis, merchant. Warren, 5. C. Jury Lists, p. 53. 

"Flow: a small amount. Now obsolete. 

ZuBLY Journal 7 

according to its full Quantity of Acres, the Seller warranting all 
within the Lines — Interest to begin in a Month from the day 
of Sale — £50 to be paid with Interest in 3 Months 8c remaindr 
Jan. 1. 1771 giving good Security. The Property not to be al- 
tered till the Conditions are complied with 

15. dind with Mr D L'Egare"*' — promisd Correct Copy of 
Acts[Accounts] — agreed with Mr Lord that Savoury shall own 
the Land — 

a fire Broke out in Mr Crossly's house but was soon sub- 
dued — 

preached for Mr Hart on Eph 1:13. 

16. dind with Col Laurens — the Comittee on my Memorial 
altered the name and made it a petition have not yet made 
their Report — but 'tis probable will require an Estimate of the 
Expence — 

expounded in Mrs Moody's room on Job 5: [blank] fin — 
Spent the Evg with Dr Garden — 

17. Govr. BulF' chose to confine the dedimus to Mr 
Giroud^^ — Canot dispose of a Bill upon London — 

preachd a preparation Sermon to a few germans, on Luke 
22: 19 it seems the germans were willg I should preach in their 
church but one Man opposd it — 

an Alarm of fire which proves false and in a few Minutes 
another which proved true but at some distance from the town 
Gate — I walkd there &: now feel myself unable to study write 
or think — 

how easily Sc strongly does a certn irregularity beset me — 
Lord make me free indeed — 8c may I be engagd in thy Services 

'^''Daniel Legare' (L'Egarc') (1711-1791), planter of Christ Church Parish, S. C. 
Tram. Hug. Soc. S. C, #46:72-81. 

"'William Bull (1710-1791), colonial Governor of S. C, son of Lt. Governor William 
Bull who aided James Oglethorpe and the colonists in the settlement of Savannah. He 
studied medicine at Leyden and was the first native born American to receive the M. 
D. degree. He did not practice medicine but became active in agriculture and politics. 
He served in the S. C. Commons House of Assembly and was twice elected Speaker. 
He was appointed to Council in 1759 and was chosen Lt. Governor in that year. He 
was a Loyalist in the Revolution but was replaced as Governor by Lord Campbell in 
1775. He left S. C. with the British troops in 1782 and spent the rest of his life in 
London. DAB, 0:252-253. 

"^Daniel Giroud (b. between 1744 and 1750, died after 1789), shipwright. He was 
a prominent citizen of Purrysburg. Trans. Hug. Soc. S.C., #48:38-39. References in 
Savannah newspapers indicated that he also built ships in Georgia. 

8 ZuBLY Journal 

at all times & assisted tomorrow to do my Work faithfully 8c 
under the Smiles of my God 

18. hoarse — preachd to the germans &: administered the 
Lords Supper to 2 1 . persons — they heard with great Attention 
&: the rest I must leave with God, who has sometimes afore 
years made me find a blessing where it had been least expected. 

heard Mr Thos pray and preach on Matt 20:1-14 & knew 
no room for Complaint — 

preachd p.m. for him on Rom 12:1 & a Lecture in the 
Evening to a large audience on 2 Pet 3:9. 

Now blessed be God for all his goodness to me in this 
place — for many opportunities to preach, & many friends that 
express a very kind regard — 

Under many fierce assaults of the Enemy this has been a 
good day for my own soul — I trust God will deliver me also 
from every evil &: receive me into his heavenly Kingdom & 
before that I never desire to be at home. 

[Top corner of page torn off and one or two words are 
missing.] Mr H Perroneau"^ — I find here also people are left 
to think that Bethesda is Mr Whf private property — 

A Majority of the Assembly it seems have promisd to vote 
for Mr W['s] Academy & the Govr. promisd his Consent with 
a securing Clause. 

[August 1 770 begins in the middle of a page without a break 
from preceding paragraph] 

<Mon.> 13. Mr. Dl LEgare arrivd & brought me News 
from my dr family — my daughter had been very sick and Dr 
Meyers"^ children imported in a very troublesome distemper. 

Sat off about 1. P.M. accompanied by Revd. Mr Hart & 
reachd Mr Maltby's After Night — taken with the fever & a vio- 
lenet Cold continues — 

19. preached at Wiltown^^ meeting on Eph. 4:30. 
reachd Mr Js Jordans in good time — 

"'Henry Perroneau (1729/1730-1813/1814), Charleston merchant, Commissioner 
and Justice of the Peace, Member of the Royal House of Assembly, Public Treasurer, 
1770-1776; Loyalist. Ibid., #89, p. 56. 

"^Dr. Frederick Meyer who lived in the Middlesex-Purrysburg area. 

•^-'Willtown (Wiitown) was in Beaufort District, just east of Pon Pon River. Mills, Atlas 
ofS. C. (1825). 

ZuBLY Journal 9 

20. dind at Mr Pelots Sc got to Pburg about Sunset. 

21. the River being still high and the Wind blowing hard at 
W[illtown] did not go over my ferry — 

qualified as Extr to Mr J W before Daniel Giroud Esq. the 
Widow took the oath at the same time. 

Messrs L[egare] 8c Meyer made some proposals about their 
dispute with Waldburger — but I canot think they will persist in 
what they pretend — 

Could not prevail at Mr Burkes to get a boat for Mr Bul- 
lochs^*^ — so was obligd to go to Abercorn^' — we were 1-1/2 
hours going up the Creek — got home after seven — 

Blessed be my God for the Mercies of the Journey, 8c the 
blessing of a house — May I always visit my habitation 8c not 
sin — Lord fit 8c help me for the Remainder of my race 8c re- 
ceive me in thy own time with all mine 8c thine to an everlasting 
home — 

[August 27] My Birthday very dully kept, no muster except 
2 Companies, the officers havg taken disgust at the promotion 
of a person contrary to their choice — find some persons misin- 
formed in affairs between me 8c my Br[other]^^ 

humbly blessed be thy name my fath[er] 8c God for all the 
Mercies 8c blessgs that attended my stay in this place — forgive 
all my sins 8c follies 

I hear the Roads are very bad &: all the Rivers overflown — 

Guide me O father & at last receive me 

<Wed.> 5. Sat off from Charlestown — dind with Mr Ran- 
towle^^ — great 8c general Complaints thro the province of the 
Loss of Crops by excessive rains — with difficulty passd at Par- 

"•^Archibald Bulloch (1729/30-1777), 1st president of the Provincial Congress of 
Georgia, lawyer and planter. He was born in Charleston; his family moved to Georgia 
ca. 1750. He was active in Georgia politics before and at the beginning of the American 
Revolution. He had a plantation on the Savannah River. DAB, 11:257. 

"'Abercorn was a colonial settlement on the Savannah River a few miles above 
Savannah. It is now recalled as one of Georgia's "dead towns." 

''"This could be either of JJZ's brothers, David or John. 

^Probably Alexander Rantowle (d. 1780), of Stono, one of the owners of the 
schooner Stono built on James Island in 1753. SCH Mag., 74:269; Webber, Death notices. 
p. 161. 

There is a settlement called Rantowles on U. S. Highway 17 between Savannah and 

10 ZuBLY Journal 

kers ferry^° — Ponpon^' impassable — reachd Mr Ellingtons''^ 
Parsonage but did not find him at home — Mr Lambert^^ talks 
of removing to Georgia — 

<Thurs.> 7.^^ Spent the Evg agreeably with Mr Pelot — 

<Fri.> 8. found the River very high at the ferry got home 
in health Sc except the Cattle found all my family well 

Bless the Lord O my soul! [This is the end of a page. The 
next page begins with May 1771,] 

May 25. 1771. Chtown. 

Sat out last <Tues.> 21. from Savannah to Charlestown to 
settle for Land I sold to Mr Lord, do some business for W 
Estate, 8c hope to have a heart & opportunity to be employed 
in my ministry, got to Pburg. 

22. visited my Sister^^ at the ferry — River still high — gave 
her an ordr for every necessary to fit out of the house, which 
I am to be repaid for — Brick layers begun the chimney of the 
house — 

got to Mr Pelots — 

23. dind with Mr Simpson — great rains p.m. but got to Mr 
Ellingtons with whom I had much cautious talk about Mr W['s] 
Will with which he did not approve but said it was written in 
hurry &: without perhaps being read over after writing. Mr E. 
determind if the Bps [Baptists] say anything to him to say some- 
thing to the Bps — insist Mr W Tabernacle was not licensd but 
conceivd at. 

^"Parker's Ferry is a settlement on U. S. Highway 17 between Savannah and Char- 

"'Pon Pon is a settlement on U. S. Highway 17 between Savannah and Charleston. 

^^Edward Ellington (1745-1795), Episcopal minister, was born in England and sent 
to America as a missionary by the Society for the Propogation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts. He was in Augusta, Ga., 1767-1770; St. Bartholomew's Parish, Colleton County, 
S. C, 1770-1772; St. Helena's, Beaufort, S. C, 1772; St. James's Parish, Berkeley 
County, S. C. and at Goose Creek, 1775-1793. He went to Savannah in 1793 and died 
there in November 1795. He was buried in Christ Church Burying Ground (now 
Colonial Park). Weis, Col. Clergy Md., Dela., Ga., p. 90; Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, 
p. 76. 

"'John Lambert, Presbyterian minister, then living in St. Paul's Parish (Richmond 
County, Ga.) He removed to Newport in Liberty County, Ga., where he spent the rest 
of his life. He left his estate there to trustees for religious and charitable purposes. 
Howe, Hist. Presby, Ch. S. C, L468-469. 

^■•The symbol for this day and the next are incorrect. Sept. 7 and 8, 1770, were on 
Friday and Saturday. 

''^This could be Mary Zubly Nail or Helen Zubly Tobler Bell. GHQ, 22:384-389. 

ZuBLY Journal 11 

24. reachd Cht. invited by Mr Gadsden 8c Edwards***^ to 
lodge with them but Mr D.L.Egare claimed a prior promise. [6 
or 7 Latin words follow] 

25. Spent the day among many friends Surprizd at an at- 
tempt to bring Mr Caldwell^' into our meeting in which he was 
far from being passive & which I pray God may not still cause 
a division [etc.] 

In Mr debrahms^^ plan I observd that the mouth of S May 
[St. Marys ?] is in Latitude [blank] the River there runs N[orth] 
[blank] &: then turns of[f| South to the Latitude of [blank] 

26. visited Luke hinds a Criminal under Sentence reprievd 
till the 29. — professing his Innocence extrememly uncon- 
cerned — 

preachd for Mr Hart John 21:17. 

The Criminal being brought to meeting on Job 3:18-b he 
requested to hear it again in the Evening but that being imprac- 
tical I promised to preach a [illegible symbol] before his^^ 
Execution which Mr Pinckney'°° kindly consented to — 

dined with Mr Edwards with one Mr Sadler"" 8c reed many 
useful Informations especially about Mr Mauduit who has 
lately wrote to me 

Mr Whf Will & proceedings was mentioned — [3 Latin words 
follow] preachd a Lecture on Job 3: 18. a. 

a very rainy day. 

^•^Probably John Edwards, Jr., merchant in the Beaufort District. Edgar and Bailey, 
Biog. Dir. S. C. H. of Reps., 11:215. 

''James Caldwell (1734-1781), Presbyterian minister, born in Cubb Creek, Virginia, 
graduated at Princeton, ordained in 1761 and settled in the Parish of Elizabethtown, 
N.J. He was an ardent supporter of the American cause in the Revolution and became 
a Chaplain of a N. J. Brigade. When the British offered a large reward for his capture 
he removed to Conn. He was appointed Asst. Commissary General. He fled at the 
approach of British forces in 1781, leaving his wife behind. She was murdered by a 
British soldier; he was shot by a sentinel of N. J. militia at Elizabethtown Point, Nov. 
24, 1781. Headly, Chaplains, pp. 217-232. 

^M Map of South Carolina and a Portion of Georgia... comp. by William De Brahm. 
London, T. Jeffreys, 1757. 

''This symbol appears to be a chrismon but it could not be positively identified. 

"^Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1745/46-1825), soldier, statesman, diplomat, 
lawyer; served in the Senate and House of Assembly of S. C, Chief Justice of S. C. 
1789-1791. DAB, Vn:1789-1791. 

'"'There was a John Sadler in Capt. William Gaston's Company of Horse in 1775 
in the Catawba-Broad River area; also a John Sadler on the pay roll of Capt. Joseph 
Warley's Company in the 3rd Regt., Aug.-Oct. 1779. SCH Mag.', 11:8; V:149. 

12 ZuBLY Journal 

27. visited the Criminal who seemd not quite insensible 

28. dined with Mr Holmes'"^ — asked whether I thought Mr 
C[aldwell] sound replied I believe he doesnt think me so 

Spoke to Mr A. P.'°^ about E. H. who very chearfully offered 
his house if J. Z. [John Zubly ?] should think propr to visit [etc.] 
8c his approbation if they 2. could make it out — 

It havg raind very hard put off the Lecture to <Thurs.> 
Eveng by which more are disappointed. 

29. preachd to Luke Hinds — not altogether unconcerned 
but not confessing the fact — on Act 8:22-29. 

invited to preach in the lutheran Church on friday — 

30. wrote to Mr Caldwell — 

"I am now in Cht where you are respectfully remembered 
by many friends it seems you have discoverd some Inclina- 
tion to setle here but as you did not choose to mention any 
thing of it to Mrs [Messrs] Gadsd[en] or Thomas perhaps 
that may be a mistake. I canot think you could be active in 
such a Scheme behind the Back of the pastor of the Con- 
gregation at a time when you are fixd in an importt charge 
yourself — such a Step I dare say wd be attendd with 
trouble to yourself 8c perhaps very bad Consequ[en]ces to 
the peace of the Congregation I am afraid the bare men- 
tioning of it has been of no service to you nor the people. ["] 
preachd for Mr Hart on Job 21:17.b. 

<Friday> 31. preachd in the lutheran church on Matt 
16:26. They expressd their desire I shd preach there whenever 
in town — read their Prayers — 

observd there were baptizd last year in that Congregation 
15 boys 19 girls — died Men 18. women 19. children [blank] 
maried 7 couples. 

visited Mr Da Costa'"^ who kindly thankd me for my Letter 

'°yohn Holmes (1745-1795), Episcopal minister, educated at Oxford; came to Geor- 
gia in 1773 and was in St. George's Parish, 1773-1777. He returned to England as 
rector of St. Mary Whitechapel, London, where he died. Weis, Col. Clergy Md., Dela., 
Ga., p. 90. 

'"^A. P. was probably Arthur Perrnoeau (early 1700s- 1774), merchant of Charles- 
ton, brother of Henry with whom he had a business partnership. Trans. Hug. Soc. S. 
C, #89, p. 53. 

"^Isaac Da Costa (1721/22-1781), born in London and came to Charleston in 1750 
where he became a prominent merchant. During the Revolution he was an outstanding 
patriot. In Charleston he established a trust for a Jewish community cemetery. Stern, 
First Amer. Jewish families, p. 44; Americans of Jewish Descent, p. 34; Levy, Savannah's Old 
Jewish Community Cemeteries, p. 7. 

ZuBLY Journal 13 

& Jachiel'"^ — sd what Jachiel saw was sufft to convince him but 
not another — that a Man must be convince! eith by reason or 
[two or three illegible words] manner — that himsf had con- 
stantly attendd on [one illegible word] objected to the athana- 
sian Creed — could not conceive how 3. 8c 1 [illegible word], wd 
not make 3 Gods but allowd that the Godhead was inexplicable 
that the Jews as a Nation were not now guilty of greater Sins 
than formerly neith could he support that they were guilty of 
greater Sin as individuals — which I pressd in hopes of over- 
comg the obj[ection] that Sin [illegible word] the Com[in]g of 
Messias — 

preachd a preparation sermon on 1 Cor 11:31. 

visited Mr Thomas — shewed driggers Case to Mr Lam- 

visited Miss Haynes in distress which she will not disclose 

Spent the Evg with Mr Edwards where I carefully abstained 
from speakg about late Mr W[illegible], here tho Mr Sadler 
made some remarks which I could not but admitt 
Pon Pon <Friday> Oct. 4. 1771 

At the Request of the church under the Care of my Dr Br 
the Revd J Thomas, I set out on <Tues.> 1. Oct. to supply in 
his place in his absence &: more especially at their desire to 
administer the sacred ord of S[acra] C[oena]'°^ — but greatly 
allarmed at the News [by] Mr Smith yesterday that Mr Thomas 
is dead — this appeard probable 8c asserted with equal Confi- 
dence as the deaths of Mssrs Turking [Turquand]'"^ of St An- 
drews — Poore'"^ of Beaufort — and by the same account Mr 
Simpson was also given over — what a dying World — &: I am 
Spard — determind not to give the least Encouragement to any 

'"^The reference is to JJZ's pamphlet, An Account of the Remarkable Conversion of 
Jachiel Hirshel, 1770. 

'"•'Probably Thomas Lamboll (1694-1774) of Charleston, prominent merchant and 
active in colonial government. He was an amateur horticulturist and correspondent of 
John Bartram, as was his wife, Elizabeth Pitts Lamboll. Edgar and Bailey, Biog. Dir. S. 
C. H. of Reps., 11:387-388. 

""Hereinafter this sacrament will be transcribed S. C. as Zubly wrote it. 

'"''Paul Turquand (1735-1786), Lutheran minister. He preached in St. Matthew's 
Parish (Berkeley County, S. C), 1768-1786. Tram. Hug. Soc. S. C. #38, pp. 33-36; Weis, 
Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, p. 93. 

'"^Possibly J. W. Poore who came from Barbados to S. C. Neuffer, Names in S. C, 
XI: item 54. 

14 ZuBLY Journal 

app[ea]l that might be made to me to quitt the town im- 
mediately if any probability should appear of being applied to 
to [illegible word] 

found Mr Rabenhorst"" sick tho not dangerous — 

got Safe over Midlesex fery tho by the wrong direction of 
the Negro got wet to my midle just by the house — 

<Wed.> 2. Could not sett off till P.m. reach Mr Pelots in 
good time — & happily found the news of Mr Th[omas's] Death 
not confirmed — 

<Thurs.> 3. happy in meeting Mr Simpson riding out — he 
had been sick well nigh unto death but after 17 days God re- 
bukd the fever — he is still low — mentiond that Mr Edwards 
had actually been thought dead but wa^ now recovering, & that 
useful Man Mr Richardson'" of the Waxhaws,"^ his mental 
powers it seems had been declining but he was never confined 
to his bed or room, on his dying day he had Company 8c argued 
freely — when they expected him to dinner & he did not come 
one of the Company opend the door 8c found him on his knees 
holdg to a chair with one hand stretched out, in an ordinary 
posture — stiff dead — they that were in the room below not per- 
ceiving the least of any disaster 

swift was his flight 8c short his road 
he closd his eyes &: saw his Lord — 

[7 Latin words follow] 

My Successor it seems had some business affair which well 
nigh parted him and his Congregation — and of which when 1 
get to Cht I would neither speak nor hear — 

visited Mr Ammon to give his some friendly hint — find the 
road very long — overtaken by rain 8c right thankfully acknowl- 

""Christian Rabenhorst, Lutheran minister, ordained at St. Anne's Church, Augs- 
burg. He was one of the pastors at Ebenezer and became involved in a dispute with 
Pastor John Christian Triebner over church affairs. The Rev. Henry Muhlenberg 
came to Ebenezer in 1774 to settle this dispute. Rabenhorst died at Ebenezer in 1777. 
Jones, Salz. Saga, pp. 121-122. 

'"William Richardson (1729-1771), Presbyterian minister, born in England, edu- 
cated at the University of Glasgow, came to Philadelphia in 1750. He was a missionary 
to the Cherokees, 1750-1758. He settled at the Waxhaw Church, Lancaster County, S. 
C. and also preached at Fishing Creek and Rocky Creek, 1759-1771. Weis, Col. Churches 
and Clergy of Mid. and Sou. Cols., p. 89. 

"'■^Waxhaws was a Scotch-Irish settlement in Lancaster County, S. C, near the North 
Carolina border. McCrady,Hvit. S.C. 11:313-318; in:519. 

ZuBLY Journal 15 

edge the goodss of God in getting safe to Ashepoo"' & to a 
publick house — 

<Fri.> 4. a very boisterous 8c blowing rainy morning — 8c 
in all the mire had a Bridge to mend which in the night could 
be fatal to any Passenger — 

Crops every where very backward. 

reachd Mr Jos Bee's"^ 

<Sat.> 5. thro the kindness of him who maketh his sun to 
shine got to charlestown — about 1 — happy to hear Mr Thomas 
better of[f] which accounts have been receivd this very after- 
noon — may he be restord to perfect health 8c great usefulness — 
8c while so many have been visited with Sickness &: some are 
gone may I be humbly sensible of unmerited health 8c that my 
Life has been graciously preservd — 

and now may my God graciously keep me that my Soul may 
never go astray that my eyes may not wander 8c that I sin not 
with my tongue — may I be zealous in his Cause & successful in 
his service — 8c to return home in peace 8c meet mine with Com- 
fort — my Lord &: my God make use of me where thou will 8c 
as thou will only let me be thine 8c thine forever. 

<Sun.> 6. preach in a temporary Pulpit the Meeting being 
much altered from Heb 11:6 P.m. on Matt 11:28 &: in the 
Evening for Mr Hart on Job 1 1:20. 

baptizd Daniel Jos Sar L'Egare 

<Mon.> 7. prayd applied to to administer S.C. to germans 
which I promisd — 

<Tues.> 8. preachd at Mr Hart 2 P 2:16. Surprizd by an 
account of the death of Revd Mr Frink"^ whom I had left in 
florid health 8c who died 4. inst. May I who have been Spard 

"'Ashepoo, a post village in Colleton County, S. C, 35 miles west of Charleston. It 
is on the Ashepoo River. 

"''Joseph Bee (1746-ca. Dec. 1799), a resident of St. Paul's Parish, Colleton County, 
S. C. He served in the S. C. Senate from St. Paul's Parish, 1781-1782. Reynolds and 
Faunt, Biog. Dir. Sen. of S. C, p. 179. 

"^Samuel Frink (1735-1771), Episcopal minister. He served in Augusta, Ga., 1765- 
1766, and in Savannah, 1767 until his death in Oct. 1771. Weis, Col. Clergy Md., Dela., 
Ga., p. 90. 

JJZ had difficulties with Mr. Frink as evidenced by his remark and by his publica- 
tion: A Letter to the Reverend Samuel Frink, A. AI., Rector of Christ Church Parish in Georgia, 

16 ZuBLY Journal 

so much longer & have outlivd most Ministers in the 2 pro- 
vinces be so much more in earnest 8c do what I have to do with 
all my might — may his place be supplied with one that 
preacheth the strict truth as it is in Jesus! 

9 Oct. 

at Mr Bee's table it was mentiond that 60 of the N.C. reg- 
ulators"*^ were killd by Govr tryon"^ — some also on the Gover- 
nors side &: some officers, they offerd to disperse it seems, but 
the Govr. insisted on their delivering up the ringleaders — Col 
Wadel"^ was surrounded by them. 

Thus the Govr. has a palace"^ built with blood for the tax 
laid for this sumptions needless building is these peoples' pre- 
tence 8c Grievance 

at Mr Da Costa's saw the picture of his Grfather to whom 
the King of Spain gave the title of Tasp[illegible] 8c the 6 G[il- 
legible] of oran for his service in preserving oran agst the 

Mr Da Costa showed me some letters wrote by a Jew more 
sensible than any thing I ever saw from a Jew. he wanted to 
find a letter on Isa 13 but could not however he showed me 
one on Isa 7:14 which amounted to no more than that Almah 
signifies any young woman &: that the Prophecy was given as a 
present Sign 8c consequently must be 8c was fulfilled then he 
excused himself from giving a copy, he saith Bethulah is the 
propr word for Virgin which I thought the diminutive of Beth; 
he seems open to Conviction'^" 

'"^The reference is to the Battle of Alamance, N. C. in May 1771 between forces 
of Gov. Tryon and the N. C. Regulators which was the culmination of the opposition 
to Gov. Tryon between 1768 and 1771 because of real and alleged abuses of govern- 
ment. The Regulators were met at Alamance by forces of Gov. Tryon and repulsed. 
Wheeler, Hisl. Sketches M C, 1:59, 11:16. 

'"William Tryon (1729-1780) was appointed Lt. Gov. of N. C. in 1764 and Gov. in 
1765. He became Gov. of New York shordy after the Alamance affair. DAB, X:25-26. 

'"'Col. John Waddell of Brunswick County, N. C. He took part in the Stamp Act 
revolt of 1765 and served also in 1788-17891. Wheeler, Hist. Sketches N. C, 1:51; Davis, 
Ga. citizens and sols, of the Rev., p. 222. 

"^Gov. Tryon's palace, completed in 1770, was called the most beautiful building 
in colonial America. 

'^°JJZ wrote a letter to Da Costa commenting on this letter written by his Jewish 
correspondent. In his letter JJZ refutes what he considered a false interpretation of 
the prophecy of Isaiah on the Virgin birth. A copy of JJZ's letter to Da Costa is in the 
Rev. Henry Muhlenberg papers in the Lutheran Archives Center in Philadelphia. 
Muhlenberg, yoMrna/.$, 11:685. 

ZuBLY Journal 17 

<Thurs.> 10. preachd at Mr Harts on Ap [Apocalypse; 
i.e., Revelation] 6:17. 8c greatly disturbed by rude Behavior of 
some out of doors — 

<Fri.> 11. begun the Instructions of some young persons 
desirous to partake of the Sacrament — 

preachd the preparation Sermon <Psalms> 119:132. 

<Sat.> 12. a Report spread about Letters passd between 
Mr Bullman"'-'' 8c me, tho I never sent him a Letter I indeed 
wrote on his behavr at Meeting Mr Purcel'^'^ a very prophane 
man proposd to go to Georgia 8c succeed revd Frink. 

preachd to the germans in the luth meeting Act 16:30. 

<Sun.> 13. Bless the Lord O my Soul — this day I hope to 
speak in the name of my God — to celebrate the dying Love of 
my Redeemer. O that it may be with a blessing to myself 8c to 
all that shall hear [Latin words follow] 

We wait for the promise of the father 8c that this may indeed 
prove one of the days of the Son of Man — 

preachd on Job 13:1. 8c administerd S.C. P.M. on Jer 38:17 
8c in the Evening at Mr Harts on Ap 6:17.b. 

<Mon.> 14. Sorry to hear of uneasiness in Mr Simp[son]s 
Congregation abt his courting — how melancholy is it to hear of 
so many uneasinesses in Congregations — Give me O my God 
to walk wisely in all things — 

<Tues.> 15. felt myself indisposed but preachd a Lecture 
at Mr Harts on 1 Cor 15:57 with some fever hanging about 
me — 

<Wed.> 16. Wednesday Evening my fever returned 8c 
<Thursday> appeard in the shape of a abukle [?] tertian — 
which I had < Friday > night pretty greatly &: seemed to turn 
to a quotidian on <Saturday> — but on <Sunday> I missd it 
8c have ever since till now <Wednesday> 23 been on the Recov- 

The Georgia Historical Society obtained a copy of JJZ's letter to Da Costa from the 
Lutheran Archives Center and this copy is now filed with the Society's Zubly papers. 

'-'John BuUman, Episcopal minister, came to S. C. ca. 1770 as assistant rector at St. 
Michael's Church in Charleston where he served until 1774. He was dismissed as a 
Tory and returned to England in 1775. Weis, Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, p. 73. 

'■^■^Probably Robert Purcell (b. 1732), Episcopal minister, who came to S. C. in 1769 
and served at St. Philip's Church, Charleston, until he returned to England in 1775. 
Ibid., p. 80. 

18 ZuBLY Journal 

I bless God for the Comfort of his Love the Kindness of my 
friends &: his blessg on the means prescribd by Dr. Garden — 

Accounts come from every where of the melancholy Effects 
of the rain on <Saturday> last 8c all bridges being carried away 
& the roads impracticable I am confined here till Providence 
will open a way. 

<Sat.> 26. my friends persuade me not to preach Spent 
the week visiting & bless God for many friends who interested 
themselves in my health when the Dr forbid my receiving any 
Company — 

dismal accounts from all the Country — Waters of Stono 8c 
Ashley joind 

This week Session one Irvin found guilty of a very cruel 
murder on his wife — 

8c this day Dr Haly's'-^'^ Tryal came on — the Crowd was too 
great to see or hear any thing — the Tryal began in the Morning 
8c I hear the Judge is now (near 8 pm) giving his charge. 

Jury being out but a few minutes brought Dr Haly in guilty 
of manslaughter 

<Sun.> 27. Thro the goodness of God preachd again Matt 
ll:28.b. baptizd Cath. John E fullerton <Psalms> 23:25-26'2^ 

a Lecture at Mr Harts 1 Job 2:28 

8c now blessd be God for all his Mercies — tomorrow I hope 
to go homeward — what I have been enabled to Speak in the 
name of God I Committ to his mercy — my God forgive all my 
sins lead me in the right way 8c receive me to heaven at last — 

[Gap in the diary between Oct. 1771 and June 1772] 

<Sat.> 20 June [1772] 

To consider the Practicality of printing 
[German sentence] 

<Sun.> 2. [August 1772] preachd for Mr Thomas on 1 
John 3:16. Spoke about trouble. 

'^'Dr. John Haly (Haley) of Charleston killed Peter DeLancy in a duel on August 
22, 1771. He was found guilty of manslaughter in October 1771, but eventually acquit- 
ted. Waring, Hisl. of medicine in S. C, p. 241; Trans. Hug. Sue. S. C, #90, pp. 72-76. 

'-'^This Biblical reference is given as it appears to be in the manuscript. However, 
Psalms 23 has only 6 verses. Psalms 25 has 22 verses and Psalms 2 1 has 24 verses. 

ZuBLY Journal 19 

dind with Rev Mr Smith who mentiond to me Expressions 
of Mr Caldwell which ascribe very much to the power of Mary 
I believe he will hardly ever get into our meeting tho it seems 
he took more pains for that purpose than I should have ex- 

Mr Jas Smith''^^ will not send his son to Bethesda but carries 
him himself to Elizabethtown. 

preachd for Mr Hart on Hos 13:14: I will redeem them 
from death; &: a Lecture for Mr Thomas on Tit 2:13. to what 
numbers has a Chtown minister an opptty to be useful by 
preachg Evening Lectures — 

* on <Saturday> answered Mr Martins address to the dis- 
senters of which I do not expect to see any great Effect — 
neither can I hear of any that are hearty to join him in it. 

<Mon.> 3. breakfasted with Mr Holmes — Mr D[illegible] 
had some hint or suspected what passd between me 8c A. P. (I 
sd in them you will leave this family to repent) but proposd to 
them that he &: Mr Holmes wd be glad of such a Conexion 
<etc.> for I had open [illegible words] 

Mr Bee thinks Mr W['s] Extors may safely sell under the 

<Tues.> 4. Mr Rutledge not having made out the titles 
detaind me this whole day 

pressd Mr Th's [Thomas] to the puttg on his gown again 
the puttg it of[f] which affrontd the giver 

[The next page of the diary is entirely in German. It is 
headed 9 a.m. Toward the bottom the dates <Wed.> 9 and 
<Thurs.> 10 are clear.] 

<Sat.> 14 Nov. 1772. I am now thro divine Mercy at N[ew] 
W[indsor]'-*^ in the house of my own Brother 8c reed among 
my friends with warmth — my greatest — my only Cause of Com- 
plaint is within myself — alas how unworthy 8c how unfit for any 
good work — how dull how lifeless how dissipated 8c unaf- 
fected — In such a frame 8c dispostion I think of the Work that 
is before me tomorrow preachers of difft kinds in abundce visit 

'^yames Smith of Beaufort District. There were so many James Smiths at the time 
that it is impossible to make a positive identification. 

'-"New Windsor, S. C, was a Swiss settlement on the S. C. side of the Savannah 
River. It was in the New Windsor District. 

20 ZuBLY Journal 

this place. O my God look on me & these people in Mercy — 
make me faithful in thy Cause 8c Look on my Soul & pity me — 

<Sun.> 15. preachd in german in the morning Luke 19:4 L 
engl. where fort Moore'-' formerly stood in the afternoon 

[Top of page torn off; one line and first part of second line 

Mr Seymour'-** Minister of St Paul's was my bearer &: sd he 
wd have given notice in his Church had he known it — 

baptizd [blank] 

16. baptizd 

___tha [Martha ? Jeptha ?] John Daniel childr of John 8c 
Mary Hicks — a grown Daughter of his (being uninstructed [)] 
I prevaled with him to let her be instructed first 

baptizd David Else [?] John [blank] Potter [?] 

preachd in german Luke 13: [blank] 

baptizd David Val [Vol ?] [blank] Rivers [?] 
Emma John [one illegible name] 

17. preachd a funeral sermon for Daniel Nail on Jer 13:16 
at his house — 

baptizd Mary Danl [David ?] [blank] Miles 
<Wed.> 18. preachd at Mr Galphins'-"* place on Mar 7:37. 
enlargd on Infant Baptisms and baptizd Mary Wm Jane Dickey 


The following List I copied from a Bill of Mortality printed 
at Trogen 8c shewing the great Decrease in that [illegible] Can- 

born died 

Trogen 52 223 

Herisau 178 515 

Huttwyl 52 265 

'"Fort Moore was a colonial fort at Beech Island near Augusta, on the S. C. side 
of the Savannah River. Neuffer, Names in S. C, VII: 16. 

'^"James Seymour was the Episcopal minister at St. Paul's Parish, Augusta, 1771- 
1779. He was imprisoned as a Tory in 1779, was a refugee at Savannah, 1780-1782 
and in Florida, 1783. He died in 1784 on his way to the Bahamas. Weis, Col. Clergy 
Md., Dela., Ga., p. 92. 

'^^George Galphin came to Ga. from Ireland ca. 1752. His home place was at Silver 
Bluff on the S. C. side of the Savannah River. He had a large grant of 50,000 acres 
and with John Rae promoted Irish immigration to Georgia. Mathew Rae of Drumbo 
was their agent in Ireland. Belfast News Letter, 1763-1776. 

ZuBLY Journal 21 

Urnaschen 71 287 

Grub 14 116 

Teufen 77 404 

Gaysr'=*o 44 183 

Speicher 44 239 

Walzenhausen 26 91 

Schwelbrun'3" 50 219 

Heiden 24 236 

Wolffhalden 32 278 

<Thurs.> 19. preachd at Mr Turkinds [Turquand] on 
Rom 5:14 Spoke at his son Philips Grave 

In the afternoon preachd at Fort Moore on Luke 13:23-24. 

went over to Col Bernards [Barnard]'^' — found all augusta 
busy about electioneering. [Daniel] Marshal'^^ a baptist Sepa- 
rate was at Col Bernards [he] insisted on washing of feet & the 
holy kiss as necessary Practices had much polemical discourse 
with that weak Man. 

<Fri.> 20. the Election at Augusta — Marshal in the midst 
of a crowd <etc.> prayd in the open place 2 or 3 men attendg 
&: I suppose wd have preachd had people gatherd around him. 

agreed with Mr Heron'^^ for the Cutoff for £300 lbs. Stlg. 
payable at difft times 8c Interest from the Date. 

""Unable to verify the names Gaysr and Schwelbrun in gazetteers, travel books or 
on maps. They may have been mistranscribed. 

'^'Edward Barnard (1722-ca. 1775) came to America with his brother John in 1743. 
He was granted land near Augusta where he settled. He was commissioned a Lt. of 
militia by Gov. Henry Ellis in 1757 and by Gov. Wright a Capt. to raise a Troop of 
Horse to guard the area in 1773. He became Lt. Col. of Militia and commissioner of 
fortifications. In addition to the military he held other public offices: assistant surveyor, 
surveyor of supplies and a member of the colonial Assembly from St. Paul's Parish for 
a number of years. His working career was equally varied: he started out as a baker's 
apprentice, became a fur trader, a grist mill operator and a ferry proprietor. He also 
served as chief warden in place of a regular minister at St. Paul's Church. Commission 
BookB-1, pp. 67, 93, 207-209, 211; Cashin, Story of Augusta, pp. 18-20. 

'^^Daniel Marshall (1706-1784), Baptist minister, was born in Windsor, Conn, and 
was a deacon in a Congregationalist Church there for 20 years. He was a missionary 
to the Indians in N. Y., 1753-1754. He was ordained at Abbot's Creek Church, N. C. 
in 1757 and served there until 1760. He served at several churches in S. C, 1760-1771. 
He went to Kiokee Creek Church in Ga. and remained there until his death. Weis, Col. 
Clergy Md., Dela., Ga., p. 91; Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C. p. 84. 

''^Possibly James Heron of St. Paul's Parish, Ga. He died in 1774. Abs. Col. Wills 
Ga., p. 67. 

22 ZuBLY Journal 

Tuiley [?] &: McKee who maried my Cousin Smith Spoke to 
me — were civil 8c disclaimed every pretence to the Cutoff. 

<Sat.> 21. let Mrs Shaw a poor Widow have a tract of Land 
belonging to Estate of J W for £75; more might be got but this 
is the Value 8c I canot serve orphans at the Expence of orphans 
& Widows. 

Mr Seymour sd that G. E. lately went thro the whole 
manage service between E. T. & J. Z. S. of Savannah a serious 

<Sat.> 21. [sic] preachd a Preparation sermon on 1 Cor 
11:28 — baptizd Mary Patrick Lettice Muck[enfuss ?] 

my Br D Z in my services Came forwd professg sincere 
sorrow for every known sin 8c sincere Willgss to obey the Lord 
in every duty <etc.> &: spoke to me about partaking of S.C. I 
trust I dealt faithfully with him, 8c pray God that Grace may 
compleat what I'd hope Grace began. 

Spoke to Dr St [?] about Highriders''^^ affairs but he seems 
too much impaired to be Capable of any Businss. 

[Latin sentences follow here] 

read Dl. Nails'^'^ Will — very vague 8c undetermind. 

<Sun.> [22] preachd at my Bros in german on Mar 13:35- 

[A] Meeting being proposed to be built in this Neighbour- 
hood we had much discourse about it pleasd to see the people 
in general desirous to have the preaching of Gospel fixd among 

A violent Pain in my Back continues 

<Wed.> 25. preachd at Mr Galphins on Matt 6:30. 

Justice Savage 8c Castlet'^*^ on their Return from Sessions at 
ninety six'^^ were present 8c obligingly thankd me for my Ser- 

' '^Unable to identify unless he was the John Heighrider who was a Chactaw (Choc- 
taw) agent in 1750. Jour. Commons House, S.C. 1750-51, p. 199. 

'"Daniel Nail was a blacksmith of New Windsor township. His will was probated 
Nov. 27, 1772. Moore, Abs. Wills S. C, 1760-1784, p. 184. 

'^•■Edward Savage, Assistant Justice, appointed in 1771 and Matthew Castlett, Assis- 
tant Justice, appointed in 1772. Charleston Year Book, 1885, p. 324. 

'^'Ninety-Six was a strategic outpost in Greenwood County, S. C. It derives its name 
from the fact that it was 96 trail miles from the Indian town of Keowee. It was the 
scene of a battle on Nov. 19-21, 1775, in which the fort, defended by Major William 
Williamson, was attacked by Capt. Robert Cunningham and Joseph Robinson with a 

ZuBLY Journal 23 

mon. they & pple in genl very attentive — dind with them at Mr 

My Pain in the back prevents my setting off 8c I am afrayed 
will prevent my going to Queensbrough'^" as I promised 8c 

a very raw Day threatening Snow <etc.> 
<Thurs.> 26. The Weather very unexpectedly cleard up, 8c 
my Pains mitigating preachd once more in german on Heb 
4:9-11 8c took my Leave — 

one who saith he was maried before a Justice but saith the 
Justice was drunk, doubted of the Validity of his mariage, ac- 
cordingly maried Kendal Savage &: [illegible] Bolton who prob- 
ably [illegible word] were never maried at all. 

And now I bless God for all his Mercies to me in this place 
a comfortable Continuance among my relations — assistance in 
preaching 8c ordinances — Some of my Congregation I hope 
were mortified — as to the rest 8c myself 8c all I thought said or 

Miserere moi chere Dei 
<Fri.> 27. The River being considerably risen could not cross 
it at Mrs Nails — but was obligd to go to the Mouth — 

Mr Heron there met me 8c I offerd him at last to take 3000 
Bushels of Corn payable in 3 years &: to have the first Year's 
Bond without Interest — gave him time to consider of it till he 
should come to Savannah. 

at Mr Morses''-' Mill found people waiting to hear me 
preach which I did on <Psalms> 139:3. baptizd one * [blank] 

got to Mr Raes'^° Cowpen by a very rough chair road in 
good time 

force of 1,000 men plus Tories. 3,000 militiamen arrived to aid the fort's defenders. 
A truce was called on Nov. 22. Casualties were light on both sides. This battle has been 
called the first real battle of the Revolution. Landrum, Hist, of Upper S. C, pp. 224-231; 
Ivers, Col. Forts, pp. 64-65. 

""Queensboro (Queensborough), now a "dead town" was a trading post in 1769, 
settled by Scotch-Irish. It was two miles from the present town of Louisville, Ga. 
Knight, Std. Hut. Ga. is' Gris., 1:242. 

""Unable to identify. The name could be Morse, Moss, Mosse. 

'^"John Rae (d. prior to 1774), planter, owner and builder of Rae's Hall Plantation 
on the Savannah River 5 miles northwest of Savannah. He was associated with George 
Galphin in the promotion of Irish emigration to Georgia in the 1760s. Belfast News 
Letter, 1763-1765; Savannah Writers' Project, Savh River Plantatioiu, pp. 340-355. 

24 ZuBLY Journal 

<Sat.> 28. To Mr Lewis'^' about 8 miles from Mr Raes — 

A great part of the day disagreeably spent some men being 
with Mr Lewis with a horse & Crg 3 years old that appears a 
dirty Contrivance 

heard much of Marshals Crazy Behavr & his intruding him- 
self every where to hold forth 

<Sun.> 29. preachd on Rom 2:3. 
baptizd several whilst David worked on the contrivance 

<Tues.> 16 Martin [March] 1773. I am in the name of 
God setting out for Ch'town — to setle some important ac- 
counts — but I would wish to make it my principal Care to be a 
good Sower of J. & there 8c in every place — Mr Tennent'^'- 8c 
I exchange — Presdt Piercy'^' 8c chaplain Eccles may probably 
preach in my Absence 8c I mean also to visit my former now 
destitute Congregation — May my God be with me &: direct all 
my steps 8c return me to my own in Health & Comfort — 

I calld on Mr Rabenhorst who saith his people are unwilling 
to suffer him to quitt Ebenezer that there will be a division in 
the Congregation &: they are resolvd once more to write to the 
fathers intimating their design of separating from Mr 
Triebner,'^^ but that in Case of his amendmt all should again 
be as before — 

very safely passd my ferry in the chair 

<Wed.> 17. dind with Mr Pelot — Mr Hart 8c he just re- 
turnd from the ordination of Mr. Bates [illegible word] at Rob 

'^'John Lewis (174L1784), Episcopal minister. He was rector at St. John's Parish, 
1769-1773, and St. Paul's Parish. 1773-1784, both in Colleton County, S. C. As a 
patriot, he was imprisoned from Aug. 1780 to May 1781. Weis, Col. Clergy Va., N. C. 
and S. C, p. 80. 

'^■'William Tennent (1740-1777), Presbyterian minister, the third of that name. He 
was born in Freehold, N. J., graduated from Princeton, licensed to preach in 1761. He 
came to the Independent Church in Charleston in 1772 and served there the rest of 
his life. He was a member of the S. C. Provincial Congress. He died at Santee, S. C. 
and there is a highway marker to his memory at the junction of U. S. Highways 78 
and 378 and S. C. Highway 261, in the Santee area. Headley, Chaplains, pp. 1 15-120; 
DAB, IX:370-371; Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. Colonies, p. 327; Col. clergy Va., N. C. and S. 
C, p. 92. 

""Richard Piercy, Episcopal minister, came to Bethesda Orphan House after the 
death of George Whitefield. He arrived in Georgia ca. 1773 and was still at Bethesda 
in 1784. Colls. GHS., VL 196-243; VIU: 196-198, 200, 201. 

'^^Christian Friedrich Triebner (d. after 1784), Lutheran minister, born in Ger- 
many, pastor at Ebenezer, 1769-1779. He was the other pastor at Ebenezer involved 
in the dispute of 1774 (see Rabenhorst, above). He was a Tory and left Georgia for 
England. Weis, Col. Clergy Md., Dela., Ga., p. 92. 

ZuBLY Journal 25 

Hudsons'^"^ — Mr Pelot told Mr B what I observd as to his 
preaching on Gen 29:25. he will not take my Remark amiss but 
for the future when he preacheth in the Back Country always 
speak as tho his hearers were learned men — 

got to Mr T. Hutsons'"*^' who was not at home — one Mr 
Killpatrick'^^ [Kirkpatrick] is now their minister, 

<Thurs.> 18. Mr Hart over took me at Ashepoo — saith Mr 
Bryan'^** desired Mr Myne [Mein ?] to give him a Copy of Mr 
Mn's Letter to me which missive [was] found among Mr Hut- 
sons papers — Mr Rutledge it seems told him that I assisted him 
on a Sunday in my ansr to the Bill against me in chancery — 

we slept at Mr Jos Bee's 

<Fri.> 19. breakfasted with Mr Martin — disputed much 
about Mr Bellamy's'*^ Scheme — Mr M said I had scolded Mr B 
but had no ansr that I might say of the Reformers, what Mr B 
did (tho he doubts of their Sincerity 8c calls them manicheans). 
I spoke of scholastick Divinity with disapprobation — I askd him 
how many Schoolmen he had read — or even knew the names 
of — he mentioned none but Jurastus.'^*^ 

one of my horses being sick left him at Haircomes'^' — arrivd 
in town about Night — 8c took my Lodging at Mr Tennents — 

<Sat.> 20. it seems Mr Pilmore'^^ is gone some Lengths to 
make a Party in town 8c even proposd the getting of a house 

'^■^Possibly Robert Hudson (Hutson), dry goods merchant in Charleston. 1732-1737. 

""^Probably Thomas Hutson (1750-1789) of Beaufort District, S. C. He was an 
officer in the state militia and a member of the Constitutional Convention of the U. 
S. in 1788. SCH Mag., 9:128. 

'^^Probably the Rev. Mr. Kilpatrick, Presbyterian minister, who preached at Stoney 
Creek, S. C, 1773-1774. Weis, Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, p. 82. 

'^"There were too many Bryans in the area to make an identification. 

""Joseph Bellamy (1719-1790), theologian. He graduated from Yale in 1735 and 
preached in several churches in Conn. He went in Nov. 1738 to the newly organized 
parish of Bethlehem, Conn, where he was pastor until his death. He developed a new 
theology called the New Light Theology. He wrote several theological treatises and 
from 1762 to 1770 he wrote a series of pamphlets "in opposition to the. ..Halfway 
Covenant which the New Light Theology has made superfluous." DAB, 1:165. 

'^"Possibly Thomas Erastus (1524-1583), German-Swiss theologian, and professor 
of ethics at Basel. He advocated the Zwinglian doctrine of the Lord's Supper. Ency. 
Brit., 11th ed., IX:732-733. 

'■^'Unable to identify Mr. Haircome. There were several Hairston's in this area at 
this time. 

'"Joseph Pilmore, Methodist Episcopal clergvman. Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. and Sou. 
Cols., p. 129. 

26 ZuBLY Journal 

for Strange Ministers (i.e. Mr Wesley's)'^' to preach in — I con- 
tinued such as came in my Way — 

I resolve to be upon my Guard what &: to whom I shall say 
any thing about Bethesda, but it seems impossible to be silent — 
Such I would be altogether with regard to that Plan of a new 
meeting house, i e two Congregations 8c only one church. 

<Sun.> 21. prayd publickly for 2 persons at the point of 
Death — Mrs Holmes dies in the afternoon — preachd all day for 
Mr Tennent morning and P. M. on <Psalms> 42:1 1 &: a Lec- 
ture on Rom 3:17. 

this morning & Evening was a good deal of Rain & some 
thunder — 

<Mon.> 22. Sent for early to one in trouble who had wrote 
a Letter to me some time ago which she now put in my Hand 
& to which she was sensible my sermons yesterday were an end 
Sc signet forever. 

Mr Bee thinks I may take up money for W Estate &: pay for 
Negroes we bought without any Risk. 

preachd in the Evg at Mr Harts on Luke 15:2. 

<Tues.> 23. Col Beale died — dind with mr H. P. [Henry 
Perroneau] who heard Mr Piercy shd declare he wd have no 
Conexion with me — he agreed with me in Sentiments about 
Bethesda — 

preachd on Rom 3:19 [or 17]. 

<Wed.> 24. buried Mrs Eliz Holmes — Spoke in the pulpit 
on Luke 16:25 — now he is comforted 

at Supper it was mentiond Ld. Charles'^^ Spent not less 
than £200 Stg p[er] month in powder at Salutations when he 
went to 8c from town. 

Could not obtain a dedimus for Margte Henry's [Henri] '^^ 
will not havg the Will with me — 

'"John Wesley (1703-1791), Episcopal clergyman, founder of Methodism. He was 
in Savannah as a missionary, Feb. 5, 1735/36-Dec. 1737. DNB, XX: 12 14- 1224; Weis, 
Col. Clergy Md., Dela., Ga., p. 92. 

'^"The reference is probably to Lord William Campbell, Governor of South 
Carolina, 1773 to his death in Sept. 1778. DAB, 0:454-465. 

"■^Margaret Jean Henri of Purrysburg. Her will was probated 23 April 1773. In it 
she names Minister Zublin of Savannah as executor and left the residue of her estate 
to him. Moore, Abs. of Wills S. C, 1760-1784, p. 199; Abs. of Col. Wills Ga., p. 67. 

ZuBLY Journal 27 

<Thurs.> 26. dind with Mr Lamboli — his argts agst a new 
meetg I will not reply to — 8c think they will not admitt any — he 
thinks Lady Huntington'-'*^ & every Heir at Law have only their 
Lives & only as trustees in the 0[rphan] H[ouse] Land 

Col Beale was buried with great pomp & against his express 
orders in the Church burying ground — 

preachd late on John 5:42. 

<Fri. & Sat.> 27 & 28. [Should be 26 & 27] very unwell. 

Mr Tennent returnd from Georgia little pleasd with the 
Proceedings at Bethesda — I find they begin again with Enter- 
tainments & preachg 

<Sun.> 29. [Should be 28] Was enabled to preach in ger- 
man on Luke 23:27-31— in engl on 2 Tim 3:4 & Provs 3:17. 

<Mon.> 29. waited on the Chief Justice'" — the Inhabitts 
of Chstown last year were 5536 whites — 

<Tues.> 30. Mr Rutl. promisd to get my Bill dismissed 
before going out of town — saith he wd not have took any Cash 
had I died as it was his fault it was not sooner fmishd 

<Wed.> 3L my Beach Island'^^ Lands which were set up 
at Vendue yesterday did not sell — 

Mr Bee thinks MTH Deed of Gift invalid advises to prove 
&: qualify in Georgia 

Sent out my man for one of my horses which had Strayd — 
he came back without finding or hearing of him — as I went to 
preach he told me my best horse dropt down & as I came out 
of the pulpit 1 heard he was dead. 

preachd on John 8:52. 

[Several German sentences follow. They appear to be set up 
in the form of a verse or hymn.] 

<Fri.> Apl. 2. preachd in german on Luke 23:32-34 — 

I promisd to administer S.C. on <Thurs.> next — preachd 
a preparation Sermon P.M. on 1 Chron 29:17 

Misere moi Dei Jesu! 

'■^'^Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon (1707-1791), benefactress of George 
Whitefield and Bethesda Orphan House. DNB, IX: 133-135. 

'"Thomas Knox Gordon was Chief Justice of S. C. 1771-1776. Cliarleston Year Book. 
1885, p. 323. 

'••"Beech Island was a town in Aiken County, S. C. on the Port Royal River, not far 
from Augusta, Ga.. Lippincott's Gazet., p. 186. 

28 ZuBLY Journal 

<Sat.> 3. Went on to Wando Neck.'^^ 

<Sun.> 4. preachd on 2 Cor 5:18-20— 

happy among my old attentive hearers to whose Request I 
yielded & promisd to return 8c administer S.C. next <Sunday> 

disappointed in the Boat came too late for a Lecture a dis- 
agreeable passage against a Strong head wind in a large Boat 

<Tues.> 6. Mr McQueen'^" kindly offerd to assist me with 
a horse to return home — 

at Mr Lambols met one Mr Bartram'*^' sent out by Dr 
Fothergill'*^^ to gather all sorts of natl [?] Curiosities 

Mr Lambol thinks a Jury wd set Saussys'*^^ Deed of Gift 
aside — &: that it has every appearance of fraud — 

preachd after short notice on Thren [Threnody; i. e., 
Lamentations] 3:24: 

NB. baptizd <Thurs.> Apl. 3 Eliz Th Mary Barksdale 4. 
John Rich Martha Jay 

<Wed.> 7. preachd a preparation Sermon to the germans 
on Luke 22:[blank]. 

<Thurs.> 8. [Several sentences in Latin and German com- 
plete this page of the diary and continue through the first part 
of the next page.] 

administered S.C. to 20 Persons after preaching on Luke 

admitted after previous Instructn [several names, none of 
which are legible except Juliana and David.] 

[Four sentences in German follow.] 

preachd in the Evg on Matt 2:10 

The Jews Passover Mr DaCosta observd that the Jews at 
Jerusalem still keep it but 7 days & that the Reason why others 
keep it 8, is lest they shd make a Mistake in the full moon. 

i59\Yando Neck was probably the neck at the confluence of Wando River and 
Cooper River. It shows as Daniel's Island in Mills, Atlas (1825). Wappetaw Church was 
on Wando Neck. SCH Mag., 71:147. 

"^'Probably John McQueen whose plantation was situated south of the Ashley River. 
Neuffer, Names in S. C, XXVII: 16. 

'«'John Bartram (1699-1777), first native American botanist. DAB, 1:26-27. 

'*yohn Fothergill (1712-1780), English physician. He had an interest in botany and 
maintained a large botanical collection. John Bartram, above, was a close friend of 
Peter CoUinson and his plants found their way through Collinson and into Fothergill's 
collection. DNB, VII:506-508. 

'^^Probably David Saussy who was a landowner in Purrysburg. 

ZuBLY Journal 29 

The Thought that a Sacrifice was necessary to obtain for- 
givss &: that the Jewish System seems evidently built on this, 
seemd to affect him. 

bought a Horse of Saloin Pollack"'^ for £42. & drew on Mr 

went over to Wando Neck & [blank] 

<Sat.> 10. preachd a Preparation Sermon on Luke 22:15 

admitted Mrs Mary Barksdale 

Mr Paul Nuvill [Neufville] 

baptizd Anne John [blank] Huggins 

<Sun.> 11. preachd on XT [Christ] deliverg us from Wrath 
to come administerd S.C. to about 25 Communicants two thirds 
of which receivd formerly by me. 

In the afternoon on 2 <Thess.> [JJZ used the Greek letter 
theta] 1:1 to 6 & a Lecture for Mr Tennent in the Evening on 
Judd [Judges] 21. [blank.] 

[Several sentences in Latin follow.] 

<Mon.> 12. I thank thee my God for all thy mercies to me 
in this place — for all thy help & assistance — for all the kind- 
nesses of many friends — 

I humbly beg forgiveness for all my sins — in Word thought 
Imagination & otherwise 

Direct my Steps Guide me with thy Council & at last receive 
me to thyself — 

[August] 22. administerd S.C. to 121 servants given [three 
illegible words] D[avid] Z[ubly] Jas Nail Cath Sturzenegger 

preachd on 1 Cor 11:26. 

the P.M. on the Bluff on Col 3:4. 

taken in preaching with a violent disordr in the Bowels Sc 
Back but held out thro mercy. 

baptizd [several illegible names] 

P.M. enlarged on the Subj of Baptisms Sc baptizd 
James John Mary Bradley 
Wm Wm Anne Tr[remainder of name faded] 
Anne Wm. John Jane Ashbery Mary Enoch Esther 

"^^Probably Solomon Pollack (Pollock), originally from Newport, R. I., who was an 
express rider in Charleston, S. C. in the Revolutionary period. Elzas./ewy of S. C, p. 

30 ZuBLY Journal 

Elizabeth Brisbane Johan Sturz[enegger] 

after service feeling myself better went to Col Bernards — 
who had been out preaching — 8c after having had much Con- 
versation on the Subject & intimated a Desire to be ordained 
among us. 

[Six or seven Latin words here.] he tells me he dislikes &: 
preacheth against the baptist Doctrine. 

<Mon.> 23. preachd at Augusta on 1 Cor 6:11 Mr 
Seymour was present 

The Judges that came from ninety six detained Col Bernard 
& perhaps some others. 

My disorder very painful. 

Col. Bernard mentioned a Spring in the neighbourhood 
which will transpire thro a common Bottle 8c has been found 
Salutary — 

[Gap in the journal between April 12 and August 22, 1773 
and between August 23, 1773 and March 1774] 
March [blank] 1774 

sat of[f] from Savannah for Chtown chiefly to do business 
for J[acob] W[aldburger] Estate — got to Mr Rhorss [Ross]'^"^ — 
who 1 am afraid is in a declining Way — 

<Tues.> [8] passd the ferry — 8c found the Road very toler- 
able for Cariages — Mr Bee sent to me to Girouds that I shd 
come 8c see him but I declind — but told him I shd stay 1/4 of 
an hour longer at Rhs to give him a opptty to see me at Mr 
Girouds — 

got to Mr Pelots — 

<Wed.> [9] reachd Mr Martins who relates his Conversa- 
tion with Mr Roberts somewhat different from Rs Letter to 
me — 8c said he himself disapprovd of Lay preaching — 

<Thurs.> [10] Mr Martin 8c 1 rode together to Chtown 

<Sun.> 13. preachd for Mr Hart on Thren [Lamentations] 
3:24 Tenent Rom 5:4 Job 18:14 

<Tues.> 15. preachd at Mr Tennents on Job 16:23 

<Wed.> 16. at Mr Harts <Psalms> 34:6 

'^^Rhorss (Ross). Could be John, William or Daniel Ross who were living in the 
Berkeley and Beaufort areas at this time. 

ZuBLY Journal 31 

18. preachd in german Matt 26:36-45 8c for Mr Tenent on 
1 Cor 3:13. 

at Supper Revd Mr Smith related that Govr Wright was 
made one of the Lords of trade & Govr Shirely"^** to succeed 
him &; that the mail was taken from Muckenfuss"^^ 8c Govr 
Wrights Letter to the Secty of State tore in two pieces 

19. baptizd at Wando Neck 
Elizabeth Jos Sarah L'Egare 
(8c a slave) 

20. preachd on Micah 7:14 Ap [Apocalypse; i. e., Revela- 
tion] 7:19. 

8c in the Evg a Lecture for Mr Tennent Heb 10:38 
25. [illegible word] Mr Scott agt Mr Lichtensteger to write 
to him with an offer to leave to arbitration if he returns the 
negroes before Apl 15. & gave him a State of the Case. 

also gave him my titles to Mr Lord with Constituting of 
Sale — &: a Letter from J Graham "^"^ to setle it for me. 

[Gap in the journal between March 1774 and March 1775] 

March 6, 1775 

In the name of God I am now to set out for Charlestown, 

my Business is 

1. to assist at the ordination of Mr Moses Allen"^^ having 
been particulary requested thereto by an express Mes- 
senger & Message from my former Congregation — &: in 
this I engage reluctantly as being of opinion it had better 
been put off some time longer to give him time to study & 
the people to know. 

"^''Probably Thomas Shirley, Governor of the Bahamas, 1767-1800, son of William 
Shirley, former Governor. DAB IX: 120. 

"^'Muckenfuss was a messenger in Georgia during the Revolution. 

"•''John Graham (1718-1795), was born in Scotland and came to Ga. in 1753. He 
was in the import and export trade. He was also a planter and established Mulberry 
Grove Plantation on the Savannah River. He was a member of Gouncil and became 
Lt. Gov. in 1776. As he was a Loyalist he left Ga. for Fla. after the Revolution. DAS, 

There was also a James Graham of the same period. He was a merchant, associated 
with Basil Cowper. 

"'"Moses Allen was a Congregationalist minister at Wappetaw, S. C., 1772-1775. He 
was installed by the Revs. Zubly, Edmonds, and Tennent. He was drowned escaping 
from a British prison on Feb. 3, 1779. Weis, Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, p. 71; 
Headley, Chaplains, pp. 331-340. 

32 ZuBLY Journal 

2. I am to procure a Power to sell the negroes belonging 
to Waldb Estate as it is impossible for me to manage the 
affairs of that Estate being now the only Exr left in any 
other Way. 

It is also my Wish I may be able to do something in Cht for 
myself that I may not be obligd to earn my daily bread any 
longer by planting which way of Hfe I am so unfit for but may 
Contract all my secular Business 8c devote my last days entirely 
to my Ministry & Works of Charity. 

This I trust is my sincere Wish but as earnest 8c reasonable 
as it seems I'd have one greater — father thy will be done 

<Tues.> 7. preachd at Pb [Purrysburg] on Luke 10:41-42. 

went to Dr Vaudins 

<Wed.> 8. visitd Revd Mr Gourlay'"^ who had a Letter of 
Recommendatn from Dr Witherspoon'" 8c I invited him to be 
present at Mr Aliens ordination but it did not suit him. 

a horrid house Robbery committed in the neighbourhood. 

<Thurs.> 9. at Mr J. Bees visited by Mr Rees'^^ who applies 
to be ordaind. Saith his church will have no more to do with 

I advised him to considr well, but wd give no further ansr 
than that upon applicn from his Church wd do what shd ap- 
pear my duty. 

<Fri.> 10. an Invitation fiom the Committee of Willtown 
Congregation to ordain Mr O Reese — 

Mr Allen visited 8c we fixd the day of oi dination on thurs- 
day next — 

Some uneasiness in Mr Tennents church on acct of the 
Wando Congregation applying he should be sent as a Mes- 
senger from the Church with anoth Messgr 8c inclined to speak 

""James Gourlay (1732-d. ? in Scotland), Presbyterian minister, native of Scotland. 
He preached at Walterboro, 1774-1780 and at Stoney Creek, S. C, 1774-1802. Weis, 
op. cit., pp. 78-79. 

"'John Witherspoon (1722-1794), prominent Presbyterian minister, president of 
Princeton, 1768-1794; member of the Continental Congress, 1776-1782; Signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. He was the first Moderator of the General Assembly of 
Presbyterian Churches, 1789. Weis, Col. clergy mid. cols., pp. 346-347; Headley, Chap- 
lains, pp. 280-286. 

"■^Oliver Reese (Rees) received his A. B. at Princeton in 1772. He was ordained at 
Willtown, Colleton County, S. C, in 1775 and died there in 1776. Weis, op. cit., p. 88. 

ZuBLY Journal 33 

of this matter whenever I had opportunity as too importantt to 
give any Uneasiness in my view. 

<Sat.> 11. wrote to Mr Lord as Copy: [blank] 

<Sun.> 12. preachd for Mr Hart Phil 4:6 & felt the Subject 
applicable — necessary to me undr my uneasiness to be obligd 
to earn my Bread by planting. 

for Mr Tennent on Luke 22:31 8c Luke 10:40 

<Tues.> 14. preachd for Mr Tennent on [blank] 

<Wed.> 15. a pleast sailing to Mr Js LEgares'" where 
examind Mr Allen for ordinatn which was agreed upon, undr 
the Conditn he shd go thru a study of Divinity Sc preach on it 
undr directn of Mr Tennent — 

was chosen Moderator — 

<Wed.> 15. a Vote passd the Comittee to land some horses 
& furniture bought for a Gentlemens own use which Vote was 
obtaind by the casting Vote of the Chairman — this occasiond 
great Allarm — on < Monday > 20, it was reconsiderd 8c by the 
Majority of one Vote the horses are not to land — had they been 
landed it seems to have been determind to destroy them — 
21. Mr Timothy'"^ informs the Swiss''^ was bought up in one 
day &: had 3 Editions 

<Thurs.> 16. preachd the ordination sermon on 2 Tim 
2:15 opend the ordination 8c prayd much, the laying on of 
hands — 

happy to be heard with attention & recing tokens of Affec- 
tion from my old friends — 

a Motion was made to print the sermon — 

Mr Allen thankd me for my trouble — [five Latin words fol- 
low] — 

"'James Le Gare (Legare) (b. 1762) of John's Island, S. C. was commissioned 2nd 
Lt. in the 2nd Regt. S. C. under Lt. Col. Francis Marion, Oct. 9, 1779. SCH Mag., 
17:68; 26:174; Trans. Hug. Soc. S.C. #46. 

'"•Peter Timothy (d. 1782) succeeded his father as printer to the colony of S. C. 
and was, after the Revolution, printer to the state. He remained in Charleston during 
the siege of the city in 1780 and was taken prisoner by the British when the city 
surrendered. He was sent as a prisoner to St. Augustine, exchanged in 1781, delivered 
at Philadelphia where he remained until late 1782. He embarked with two daughters 
and a grandchild for St. Domingo, but the vessel foundered in a gale off Delaware 
and everyone on board perished. Thomas, Hist. Print, in America, pp. 568-569. 

"■"The reference is to the appendix to the Law of Liberty sermon: "With an appendix, 
giving a concise account of the struggles of SwLsserland to recover their liberty." 1775. 

34 ZuBLY Journal 

they revisd the meeting [grounds] 20 feet East which takes 
in my fathers Grave. 

<Fri.> 17. returnd — preachd in the Evening on <Psalms> 

<Sat.> 18. fever & purging all day — kept my Bed 

<Sun.> 19. preachd once on Luke 22:32. 

<Tues.> 20 [should be 21] preachd for Mr Tennent Mark 
10: [blank] 

Mr Timothy saith the Swiss was sold off in one day & run 
thro 3 Impressions 

<Thurs.> 22 [should be 23] preachd for Mr T. on 2 Sam 

<Sun.> 26. for Mr Smith Eph 5:15 Hart 1 Pet 2:6 Tennent 
Eph 6 Ult. I thank God for his assistance & all his mercies in 
Ch'town my trials 8c temptations have been less violent my mind 
frequently composd &: devout in Prayers 8c the desiring of an 
et[erna]l home — 

I desire to submit to the Necessity of earning Bread by 
planting another year. 

J W Affairs I found an amiable suit would cost £600 so take 
the Lawyers Advice 8c sell the negroes witht an ordr in the 
doing of which they tell me I am safe — 

[2 sentences in German follow] 

<Mon.> 27. Set out 8c reachd Mr Abm Hayne's"^ early — 
examined Mr O Reese for the ministry — Mr Edmonds"' Mod- 
erator — it seems from some difficulties raisd by Mr Stobo'^" the 
Wiltown people gave over all hopes of Mr Reese's ordination, 
but on a promise made him no Alteration shd be made in the 
Constitution of the church & funds he acquiesced — 

28. very uneasy lest now or hereafter there shd be a division 

'™Abram Haynes (1732-178-) of Colleton County, S. C. SCH Mag., 5:169. 

'"James Edmonds (Edmunds) (1790-1793) Presbyterian minister, born in London, 
ordained in Charleston, S. C, 1755 and preached in the Independent Church there 
1765-1767. He was in Georgia: Altamaha River, Sunbury, Midway, 1767-1770, and 
was a missionary and supply pastor in Presbyterian churches in S. C. until his death 
in Charleston. Weis, Col. Clergy Md., Dela., Ga., p. 90; Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, 
p. 76. 

"''Probably James Stobo, planter of St. Paul's Parish, S. C. He was the son of the 
Rev. Archibald Stobo (1697-1741). Bulloch, Hist, and Gen. of the Families of Bulloch, 
Stobo..., p. 34; Salley, S.C. Provin. Troops, pp. 51, 55. 

ZuBLY Journal 35 

in the Church on acct of the ordination — I talked matters over 
friendly with Mr Stobo I hope to a good purpose 

the Candidate preachd on Job 6:44. 

P.M. he was ordained 

I preachd on 2 Cor 4:5. I prayd while hands were laying 
on Mr Edmonds gave the Charge 8c Mr Tennent right hand of 
fellowship all was done overtly & without any one's objecting. 

<Thurs.> 10 [August 1775] [The first sentence of this page 
is practically illegible. It apparently concerns the end of his 
voyage from Savannah to Delaware on his way to Philadelphia. 
The following words can be read: Port Penn, allow, light, Is- 

<Fri.> 11. in a Stage to New Castle — where we learn the 
Captn of the Man of War is remarkably inoffensive — & close 
to the Newkilns we sat off in the Pilot Boat, made some stay at 
Marcushook — 

<Sat.> 12. about 3. in the Morning safely reach Philad[el- 
phi]a — the News of our Coming 8c Errand had been here long 
before us found the Congress adjourned 8c Dr Hall''^ departd 
for Georgia. 

visitd Mess[rs] Muhlenberg*^*^ King'^' Wienberg'^^ for all 
whom promisd to preach — as also for Mr Sproat'^^ — 

"'Lyman Hall (1734-1790), was born in Conn., became a Congregadonalist minister 
but gave up the ministry to study medicine. He joined with the Congregationalists who 
migrated to S. C. then to Midway, Ga. He was a member of the Continental Congress, 
a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, Governor of Ga., 1783. He promoted 
the founding of a state university of higher learning which became the University of 
Ga. He was a planter in Burke County, Ga., when he died. DAB, IV: 139- 140. 

'**"Henry Melchior Muhlenberg (1711-1787) was born in Germany and graduated 
from a German university. He taught at Halle and came to America in 1742 as pastor 
of the Lutheran Congregations in Pa. He visited Ebenezer, Ga. in 1742 on his way to 
Pa. and again in 1774 to settle a potential schism in the congregation there. Zubly saw 
him on both visits to Ga. Muhlenberg has been called the virtual founder of the Luthe- 
ran Church in America. Ibid., VII:310-311; Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. Cols., p. 279. 

""Probably John King (1740-181 1), D. D. who preached at Montgomery, Pa., 1769- 
1808. Ibtd., p. 252. 

"*^Casparus Diederus Weyberg (Weinberg, Wyberg) (1734-1790), minister of Dutch 
Reformed Church, who came to Philadelphia in 1763. He received the A. M. degree 
from the Univ. of Pa., 1780, and the D. D. from Princeton, 1788. He preached in the 
1st German Reformed Church in Philadelphia, 1763-1780 and other near by churches 
at the same time. He was a chaplain in the Rev. army. Ibid., p. 343. 

"*^James Sproat (1722-1793), Congregationalist and Presbyterian minister. He was 
educated at Princeton, preached in Conn., 1743-1767, and in Philadelphia, 1769-1793. 
Ibtd., p. 319. 

36 ZuBLY Journal 

wrote to Dr Rodgers'"^ & Dr Bard'*^^ — 

<Sun.> 13. preachd in the Morning for Mr Weyberg in the 
prettiest church I think I ever saw on 2 Cor 5:20. at Diner he 
gave me an account of most of our Colo[nial] Ministers. 

P.M. preachd for Mr Sproat Job 22:21. 

<Mon.> 14. dind with Mr Sproat — Mr P was mentiond — 1 
wish I could say nothing about him — visited Mr Stillman'"*^ who 
left Boston just after the Battle of Lexington & ad interum 
settles here — 

<Tues.> 15. Mr Duffield'"^ & Mr Hill visitd <etc.> waited 
on the former who was gone from home — am Surprizd at the 
genl pleasure it gives my friends that I come as a Delegate. 

<Wed.> 16. agreed with Mr H Miller'"" to print 2 Ser- 
mons'"^ — £3 per Sheet exclusive of paper. 

preachd for Mr Weyberg Job 33:29-30 

<Thurs.> 17. Sat off early for N York— Met Mr W. Ten- 
nent at Maidenhead who much approvd of my being Delegate 
&: said that where God has given us difft Talents he sometimes 
makes use of one 8c sometimes of another — 

dind with the provincial Congress at Trenton — who greatly 

'"■•John Rodgers (1727-181 1), Presbyterian minister. He was ordained at St. George, 
Del., 1749, received the A. M. at Princeton in 1760 and at the Univ. of Pa. in 1763. 
He was a trustee of Princeton, 1765-1807, and vice-chancellor of the Univ. of the State 
of N. Y., 1787-1811. He preached in various churches in Dela., 1749-1765, and in N. 
Y., 1765-1807. He was a chaplain in a N. Y. regt., 1776-1777, and a member of the 
N. Y. legislature, 1776-1777. Ihid., p. 299. 

'"Teter Bard, physician and merchant. He married JJZ's daughter Nancy (Anne) 
in 1774. He died in Savannah on July 22, 1785. Ga. Gaz., 3/2 1774, p. 2, col. 2; Gaz. 
Stale Ga., 7/28 1785, p. 3, col. 1. 

'"**Samuel Stillman (1737-1807), Baptist minister, was born in Pa. and ordained in 
Charleston, S. C. in 1759. He preached on St. James's Island, S. C, 1759-1761; in N. 
J., 1762-1763; in Boston, 1765-1807. Weis, op. at., p. 320. 

'"George Duffield (1732-1790), Presbyterian minister, graduated from Princeton 
in 1752; licensed to preach in 1756. He was called to the Third Presby. Church in 
Philadelphia; commissioned as chaplain in Pa. militia. After the Revolution he returned 
to his congregation in Philadelphia. Headley, Chaplains, pp. 350-360; Weis, op. cit., p. 

'""Henry Miller (1702-1782), printer, was born in Waldeck, and was apprenticed to 
a printer in Basle. He had printing shops in various places in Europe. He came to 
America in 1741 and worked with Franklin in Philadelphia. He returned to Europe 
in 1742, came again to America in 1751; went again to Europe in 1754 where he 
remained until 1760. He came back to Philadelphia and continued printing until 1780. 
Thomas, Hist. Print, in Amer., pp. 387-389. 

"*^The Law of Liberty...; Pious Advice: A Sermon on the Faith. 

ZuBLY Journal 37 

approvd of the Petition to the King. Dr Rodgers met me at the 
Stage 8c kindly invited me to lodge at his house 

saw 8c lodgd with Presdt Witherspoon whose health I pray 
God to restore &: confirm. 

<Fri.> [18] Spoke with Mes[srs] Caldwell &: McWhorter^^" 
arrivd at New York by night 

A Report that Genl Gage'^* is about quitting Boston &: com- 
ing to New York — this Report Gen. W[ashington] mentions. 

<Fri.> [Should be Sat.; the date is faded out and cannot 
be read. It is probably the 19th.] saw Dr Bard <etc.> 

a Report that the Port of Boston was or would be opend 

saw Mr Livingston Presidt'^' of the N Y. Congress — 

Every thing I hear makes me wish & pray for a Speedy 
Reconciliation — 

<Sun.> 20. preachd for Dr Rodgers 2 Cor 5:20 

Spoke to a Compy going to Ticonderoga Rom 8:11 Eph 

<Mon.> 21. at Mr Vardmans it was mentiond that the Pdt 
of Kings College'^^ wanted a new Charter under the name of 
the American University 8c with the Privil of sending 2 mem- 
bers into Assembly 

<Tues.> 22. preachd for Dr Rodgers Luke 10:42 

<Wed.> 23. [blank] 

<Thurs.> 24. about midnight the city began be to allarmd 
by Drums 8c firing — the Inhabitants receiving the guns from 
the Battery — there was firing from the Man of War Bask which 
the people returnd 8c it seems killd a Man & wounded others — 
after several other Guns the Asia fired a whole broad side — 
which damagd several houses, but by a singular Providence 

"•"Alexander McWhorter (1734-1807), Presbyterian minister, delegate to the Conti- 
nental Congress. DAB, VI: 175; Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. ^ Sou. Cols., p. 125. 

'^'Thomas Gage (1721-1787), military officer, came to America with his regiment 
in 1754; distinguished military career in America and Canada; became commander in 
chief of North American forces with headquarters in N. Y. in 1761. He became Gov. 
of Mass. in 1774, and was active in military and political affairs throughout the Revo- 
lution. DAB, lV:87-88. 

'^^Philip Livingston (1716-1778), merchant in N. Y. and active in city politics. Pres- 
ident of the N. Y. Provincial Congress, 1775, member of Continental Congress, signer 
of the Declaration of Independence. DAB, VI:316-318. 

''"Benjamin Moore (1748-1816), Episcopal Bishop of N. Y., president pro tem of 
King's College, 1775-1784; later became president. DAB, VII: 115-1 16. 

38 ZuBLY Journal 

hurted no body tho a number of persons had almost miracul- 
ous escapes. 

This overneedless Act of Severity will probably provoke the 
people to do something rash — & this zeal however honest it is 
to be feard may become very dangerous — 

preachd in french Act 26: 1 8. a. 8c in the Evg for Mr Muhlen- 
berg in german 1 Pet 5:6. 

<Fri.> 25. breakfasted with Dr Livingston inter alia he gave 
me a Charge as a Delegate to be attentive to the religious Lib- 
erty of A[meric]a &: thought it was probable that this was the 
design of Providence in my being sent to Congress — 

numbers of people moving out of town — 

Letters passd bet Capt Vandepeck &: the mayor'^^ [of] the 

Govr. Tryon visited all the damagd houses wrote to the 
Captn. &: behaves with Tenderness 8c regard to the people 

a noble Spirit among the people if it can be retaind within 
proper bounds. 

<Sat.> 26. It is supposd yesterday 8c this day 1000 families 
have been moving out of town 

Govr. Tryon met Congress 8c Comittee & Spoke friendly 
except that he mentiond a pardon — 

<Sun.> 27. german <Psalms> 85:9 
gallic Act 26:1 8-b 
eng Hos 10:12 

<Mon.> 28. saw 2 Battalions in uniform who made a very 
good appearance <etc.> 

<Tues.> 29. visited Kings College, the vice Presdt shewed 
me the library not very numerous was very well arrangd — 

<Wed.> 30. left N Y. & reachd Elizabeth town point in 2 
hours figure 1/6 Mile in p.m. 

<Thurs.> 31. being the usual hour for Prayer in [illegible 
word] C. Congregatns — in the present situation of Affairs 
preachd <Psalms> 50:15. 

""Whitehead Hicks was mayor of N. Y., 1766-1776. Natl. Cyclop. Amer. Biog.: Con- 
spectus, p. 149. 

ZuBLY Journal 39 

found it impossible to visit Mr Tennent'^'^ from E'town on 
account of the Intricacy of the Road which Mr Boudinot'^^ 
compared to the Deserts of Arabia &: furness of hades — 

Sept. 1. got to Princeton — 

<Sat.> 2. took a view of the College with Mssrs Bulloch 8c 
Houstoun'-'^ — 

<Sun.> 3. preachd at Princeton Jer 48:18. Job 9:4 

<Mon.> 4. waited on Mr Hancock'^^ 

dind with Judge Stockton'^'^ who strongly advises the print- 
ing of Address to Lord D[artmouth]'^''° 

<Tues.> 5. one of the Collegians was my Pilote to Revd Mr 
Tennent at freehold — 22 miles 

<Wed.> 6. Mr Tennent brought me to Mr Schenk's^"' at 
allentown. Mr Schenck seems nearly persuaded to go to Mid- 

<Thurs.> 7. Mr Tennent brought me to Bordentwon /8.m/. 
Cross the River & recomendd me to Mr [blank] who kindly sent 
me in his Chair to Bristol — 

'^^William Tennent (1705-1777), Presbyterian minister, second ot that name. He 
was born in Ireland, came to America in 1718. He settled in Freehold, N. J. and 
preached there until his death. He was the father of William Tennent of S. C, supra. 
Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. Cols., p. 326. 

'^•^Elias Boudinot (1740-1821), prominent attorney and statesman of Philadelphia. 
He was a trustee of Princeton, a member of the Continental Congress and of the U. 
S. Congress after the Revolution. He was also Director of the Mint. DAB, 1:477-478. 

""John Houstoun (1744-1796), son of Patrick Houstoun, was a prominent lawyer 
of Savannah. He was active in support of the American cause in the Revolution, was 
one of the "Sons of Liberty" of Ga., member of the Provincial Congress, 1775, of the 
Continental Congress, 1775; member of the Executive Council of Ga., 1778; elected 
Governor of Georgia in 1779 and reelected in 1784. He was Chief Justice of Ga. in 
1786, and Judge of the Superior Court of the Eastern Circuit, 1792. Northen, Men of 
Mark, 1:167-172. 

'^"John Hancock (1736/37-1793), merchant and politician. He was born in Mass., 
graduated from Harvard, member of the Continental Congress and Signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. He was the first Governor of the State of Mass. and 
served nine terms. He presided at the Convention to ratify the Federal Constitution. 
DAB, IV:218-219. 

'^^Richard Stockton (1730-1781), lawyer, jurist, trustee of the College of N. J. 
(Princeton); elected to the Continental Congress in 1776 and was a Signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. Ibid., IX:45-47. 

-""William Legge (1731-1801), 2nd Earl of Dartmouth. In August 1772 he suc- 
ceeded Lord Hillsborough as Secretary of State for the Colonies. DNB, XI:858-860. 
JJZ's "The law of liberty" sermon was addressed to the Earl of Dartmouth. 

^"'William Schenck (1740-1827), minister of the Dutch Reformed church. He was 
born in Marlborough, N. J., received an A. B. from Princeton in 1767, setded in 
Allentown, N. )., 1771-1777. He was chaplain in the Revolutionary War. He died in 
Ohio. Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. & Sou. Cols., pp. 306-307. 

40 ZuBLY Journal 

took a View of the Chalybeate Waters — dind with Dr La 
Nonianche'^"^ [?] 8c reachd Philad in the Evening — 4 

<Fri.> 8. confind to my room & chiefly to my Bed. 

<Sat.> 9. this being the last day for Exportation every body 
extremely busy — 

of the many favorable Reports so much I hope is true — that 
we may expect a favorable turn of Affairs. 

waited on Mr Hancock who expressd himself very kindly in 
the joining of Georgia — & has great hopes of a favorable Issue. 

<Sun.> 10. preachd for Mr Sproat Eph 5:15 

Davidson2«3 John 8:31 
Wynberg Act 16:30 

<Mon.> 11. [Tuesday] 12 attended Congress but could not 
make a board — 

<Wed.> 13. took Seat at the Congress — preachd for Mr 
Weinberg Act 16:31 — & agreed D[eo] V[olante] to preach every 

<Sat.> 16. I made a point of it in every Company to con- 
tradict & oppose every hint of a desire of Independency or of 
breaking our Conexion with Great Britain [monetary note illeg- 
ible except for 3 1/2 shg £9] 

went home with Mr Shlatter.^"^ 

<Sun.> 17. preachd at Germantown Heb 11:6 
Sproat 1 Cor 11:31. 
Muhlenberg Jer 48:ult. 

baptizd Anna [illegible names] 

<Mon.> 18. attended Congress very indisposd 

<Tues.> 19. could not attend 

<Wed.> 20. thro Mercy recovering attended Congress & 
preach for Mr Weyberg Act 16:3 l.b. 

^"^Unable to decipher and therefore unidentifiable. It could be De rather than Dr. 

^'Robert Davidson (1750-1812), Presbyterian minister. He was ordained in 
Philadelphia and preached in the Presbyterian Church there, 1773-1784. Weis, Col. 
clergy mid. cols., p. 204. 

'■^'"Michael Schlatter (1716-1790), Dutch Reformed minister, born in St. Gall, Swit- 
zerland and educated in Switzerland and Germany. He was ordained in 1739 and 
preached in Swiss churches, 1744-1746. He came to America in 1746 as agent to the 
German churches in Pa. He preached in various places in Pa. and N. J., I746-I777. 
He was superintendant of Charity Schools in the colonies, 1754-1757, and was an army 
chaplain, 1757-1759, 1764. Ibid., p. 307. 

ZuBLY Journal 4 1 

<Thurs.> 21. attended Congress 

<Fri.> 22. Do. wrote Mr finley^"'' 

<Sat.> 23. Do. 

<Sun.> 24. for Mr Weyberg Heb 12:14 

bapt [illegible names] 

for Mr Duffield Heb 3: 13. a 
for Mr Sproat Act 24:25. 

<Mon.> 25. attended Congress, put on the Comittee to 
examine accounts. 

<Tues.> 26. attended Comitee & Congress 

<Wed.> 27. attendd Comittee & Congress 

preachd for Mr. Stillman Matt 8:25 

<Thurs.> 28. At the Invitation to the Comittee of the City 
the Congress saild in the Row Gallies to see the Preparations 
to stop up the River, but Wind &: tide being Contrary could not 
effect it — saild to Point &: no Point — the Galley aboard which I 
was caried away her fore mast. 

It was observed that the Thermometer this summer has 
risen at Philada to 96. 

<Fri.> 29. attended Comittee 8c Congress — 

<Sat.> 30. frost & very cold. 

dispatchd Packet to Mr Tennent with Letters to Committee 
<etc.> at Savannah — 

<Sun.> 1 Oct. Mr Weyberg 1 Cor 1 1:26 SC 
Mr Duffield Heb 3:13 
Mr Stillman Math 8:26 

<Mon.> 2. attended Congress at the Masons Lodge 

<Tues.> 3. attdd Comittee & Congress — 

<Wed.> 4. Do. 

my Sermon advertisd Q. F F S. 

preachd for Mr Stillman 1 Cor 6:17. 

very disagreeable weather — 

<Thurs.> attndd Comitee &: Congress 

<Fri.> 5. Do. 

<Sat.> 7. attended Congress — 

™^Alexander Finlay (Finley) (d. 1783), Episcopal minister. He was in Georgia in 
Sept. 1770, went to S. C. in 1771 and preached in St. Stephen's parish (Santee, S. C), 
1773-1783. Weis, Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, p. 77. 

42 ZuBLY Journal 

Letters from home — 

in very rainy Weather went to Germantown. 
<Sun.> 8. [Sentence in German] 
preachd in german Joh 5:7 

engl. Joh 4:4 
got too late to town to preach 8c Lecture — 
<Sat.> 14. all Week attendd Comittee & Congress — 
<Tues.> 10. wrote to Comittee of Safety & D Z also to Dr 
Witherspoon 8c Mr Tennent also Mr Schenk. [The entry for 
the 14th was at the bottom of a page; JJZ put this entry for the 
10th at the top of the next page.] 

<Sun.> 15. preachd for Mr Weyberg 1 Tim 4:18 
Sproat Prov 22:9 
Muhlenberg Prov 14:32 

16. attended Congress — -joind in Letters to Georgia Comit- 

17. attended Comittee 8c Congress — 
wrote to wife D Z P Bard 

sent 100 sermons to Dr Rodgers 100 home — 

18. attended Comittee 8c Congress — 
preachd for Mr Stillman 1 Thess 5:17. 

19. bought Cariage 8c horse £40 Sterg 
<Fri.> 20. attended Congress — 
<Sat.> 21. Do. 

<Sun.> 23 [Should be 22]. preachd for Mr Muhlenberg 
Matt 19:16 

Sproat Joh 19:4 
Weyberg Gal 6:17 

<Mon.> 23. Peyton Randolph^"*^ Esq. having suddenly died 
yesterday the Congress adjourned — 

went to see Mr Schlatter — 

<Tues.> 24. bought a horse 

attended the funl of Mr Randolph — Mr Duche^"' preachd 
Col 4:5. wrote to Mr Caldwell 

2»«Peyton Randolph (1723-1775), Virginia statesman. Presided over the the Va. 
Provincial Congress in 1774; president of the 1st and 2nd Continental Congresses, 
1774-1775. DAB, ¥11:367-368. 

™'Jacob Duche (1738-1794), Episcopal minister, was educated in America and or- 
dained in England. He returned to preach in Philadelphia. He served as Chaplain of 

ZuBLY Journal 43 

A Separation from the Parent State I wd dread as one of 
the greatest evils & should it ever be proposd will pray & fight 
against it. Some good men may desire it but good men do not 
alv^ays know what they are about. I have more than a litle 
thought in this Matter, being borned 8c bred in a Common- 
wealth should not be unacquainted with republican Govt but 
wish never to see the day when the Qs [Question] whether we 
ought to Separate shd be agitated. Hints of this kind arm our 
friends & Enemies in G[reat] B[ritain] against us 8c are perni- 
cious in the highest degree. I would rather enlarge than retract 
my Vote. There is a lack of Confidence in America which Al- 
larms me we are too haughty to look unto God & all our publick 
papers rather talk of presenting Law to a conquerd people 
than defending ourselves under great disadvantages against 
one of the greatest forces of the universe — 

<Wed.> 25. attended Comittee 8c Congress — 

wrote to Mr Caldwell — 

<Thurs.> attended Comitee [crossed out] &: Congress 

<Fri.> 27. attended Comitee 8c Congress 

wrote to Dr Bard wf [wife] Wm E[we]n^"^ Esq. 

<Sat.> 28. attended Comittee 8c Congress 

<Sun.> 29. 2 Pet 3:13 Mr Weyberg 

Phil 1:27 Mr Duffield 
Phil 3:20 Mr Muhlenberg 

<Mon.> 30. attended Comittee &: Congress — 

Spent the Evening agreeably with Mr Kirkland^"^ the Indian 

the Continental Congress and when Philadelphia tell to the British he wrote Gen. 
Washington urging him to abandon the American cause and resign his command of 
the Continental Army. Duche consquendy fled to England but returned to Philadel- 
phia in 1790 and died there four years later. Headley, Chaplains, pp. 83-88. 

208Yvilliam Ewen was born in England and came to Ga. ca. 1733 as an apprentice 
to the Trustees. He was associated with William Stephens, the Trustees' Secretary in 
Ga. in the 1750s. He was a member of the Ga. Council of Safety in 1775 and became 
its President during the Revolution. He died ca. 1776/77. Northen, Men of Mark, 1:73- 

^"''Samuel Kirkland (1741-1808), Congregationalist minister; Indian missionary 
near Oneida Lake, N. Y., 1766-1808; chaplain in Continental Army, 1775-1783. After 
the war he returned to the Oneidas. He made a census of the Six Nations and helped 
in effecting a permanent treaty between the Indians of the Five Nations and the U. S. 
Headly, Chaplains, pp. 239-255. 

44 ZuBLY Journal 

<Tues.> 31. attended Comittee 8c Congress 

Nov. 1 attended Congress — 

heard of the late Arrival of Capt. Brunner at Savannah 
whom I had given up for lost — 

dind with Col Juliensen [?] 

(NB. Nov. 1. had an Evg Conversation with J.Zb. [John 
Zubly ?] & shewed him my Plan — 

joind in a Letter to the Comittee of Safety. 

[The remainder of this page is badly faded and parts of 
words are missing. These missing parts have been supplied in 
brackets where possible.] 

<Fri.> 3. Attended Comittee & Congress — 

in express & most formal terms disclaimd — [illegible sym- 
bol] — 8c acclaimed for [reconcili]ation — because we must [ri]ght 
a wrong [?] — 

Z. warmly opposd — appeald to Protestn on 1st Reflectn — 8c 
sd that if Breach of [pe]ace and Separatn was the Sense of 
[Congre]ss it was time for hmf [himself] to take hmf away. 

C. G[adsden] 8c Lee [?]^'" cried agreed agreed sd that Ale 
[?] was their [?] — but never no more 8c very overbearing — 

I declared every man at Liberty to speak of what I said 8c 
claimd the same Liberty V.C. [vera causa] 

<Sat.> 4. attended Comittee 8c Congress — 

declard my Doubt as to a Battalion 8c wishd it referrd to Cn 
of G [Council of Safety of Georgia ?] 

[The following paragraph is written in Germanic script and 
is almost indecipherable. Only the following words can be 

r C [Chase]^" opposd — That some friends of pro- 
posed it but were by some not friendly Mo- 

dind with Isr Pemberton^'^ — goiiig ^ way of moderate man 

^'"Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794), Virginia statesman, member of the Continental 
Congress; Signer of the Declaration of Independence. DAB, VI:1 17-120. 

^"Samuel Chase (1741-1811), prominent attorney and Revolutionary leader; 
member of 1st Continental Congress, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
Justice of U. S. Supreme Court. DAB, 11:34-37. 

^'^Israel Pemberton (1715-1779), Quaker merchant and philanthropist. He was op- 
posed to the Revolution and was imprisoned for his beliefs, 1777-1778. Ibid., VII:412- 

ZuBLY Journal 45 

quite indisposd took a Vomitt. 

<Sun.> 5. preachd for Mr Muhlenberg 1 Pet 4:17 
Sproat Math 22:42 
Weyberg Luke 21:36 

<Mon.> 6. attended Comittee 8c Congress — 

<Tues.> 7. do. happy in a Visit from Revd Mr Tennent — 

<Wed.> 8. attended Congress — 

preachd for Mr Stillman Jude 21. 

<Thurs.> 9. attended Congress — 

Nov. 10. Sat of[r| from Philada on my Return — dismal 
roads &: disagreable Weather — the chair overturned but thro 
Mercy without any hurt done to myself or horse &: Cariage — 

reachd the Kings Arms a litle before night — 

disagreable & even dismal road but it leads towards home — 

This Journey is a thorny Maze may I march upwards still — 

<Sat.> 11. Sat off early — reachd Lancaster after Sun 
down — again overturnd in the Chair 8c receivd no damage the 
Jolting was so violent that it broke the Glass to my wifes minia- 
ture in my pocket book — 

some Snow 8c fair — 

made myself known to some Germans 8c offerd to preach 

<Sun.> 12. The Elders of our church visited me 

preachd in german on Jer 48:18, Act 2:37- &: in the Evg in 
the lutheran church in english Luke 19:42 

Spent the Evening very agreably with the Revd Mr Hel- 

8c now I am afraid I shall not soon have another opportu- 
nity to preach — bless God for the opportunities of this day — 
passed in hope — 

<Mon.> 13 crossd Susquehanah in an overloaded boat 
high fresh 8c high Wind 

reachd Yorktown 8c spent the Evening very happily with 
my old friend Revd Mr Kunz^'^ 

'^"Justus Henry Christian Helminth (1742-1825). Lutheran minister, born in Ger- 
many, lived in Lancaster, Pa., 1769-1779. He received a D. D. degree from Princeton 
in 1787. Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. Cols., p. 237. 

^"'John Christopher Kunze (1744-1807), Lutheran minister. He was born in Saxony 
and came to N. Y. in 1770. He settled in Philadelphia where he was pastor of St. 

46 ZuBLY Journal 

a fair cold day — River 1 mile 12 Rods — 

<Tues.> 14. disagreable Weather passd Cordres Bridge^''^ 
dind at Mr Culliessen^'^ Hanover town & got as far as Litles 

<Wed.> 15. much rain in the Night — 

baited at Taney town King of Prussia-'" 

crossd 2 bridges pipe Creek-"^ & reachd Bentleys tavern-'^ 
early 8c found my horse had drawn me 14 miles bad road (in 
part) in litle more than 2 hours — 

Crossd Monacassee [Monocacy] fery — here the Water runs 
to the left — till now all runs to the right. 

reachd Fredk an hour by Sun — still known by some who 
heard me 21 years ago — the Colonist minister absent — 

Roads not quite so bad hitherto — 

<Thurs.> 16. Sat off from fredk for Nowlands ferry the 
Road being blind cross Monacassee instead of Potowmock, 
turnd back 2 miles an ugly run near the ferry the Water came 
up to the chair — & wetted every thing poled over Potk in a high 
Came to Leesborough 8c was agreably entertaind in a seri- 
ous family — 

<Fri.> 17. dind at a place calld the red house — a Report 
that one Trigg^'-'" acted the part of a Clerk [illegible word] — 

reachd Widow Neals — she rememberd to have heard me 21 
years ago — happy in an opptty to pray in her family — she said 
our Lord ordaind 7 churches but only one Religion — 

<Sat.> 18. passd Germantown, [4 Latin words] 

Michael's and Zion Churches, 1770-1784. He was also professor of German and Orien- 
tal languages. Ibid., p. 255. 

-'■^Cordres Bridge was near Hanover, Md. 

'"'Could be Joseph, Joseph, Jr. or James CuUissen who lived in St. Mary's County, 
Md. Brumbaugh, Md. Records, 11:73. 

^"King of Prussia was a tavern on Market St., Philadelphia. Orvin & Rohrbach, 
Stagecoach East, p. 62. 

-'"Pipe Creek enters the Monacacy River on the boundary line between Carroll and 
Frederick Counties. 

'■^'^Bentley's Tavern was in Springs, Md. 

2™Stephen Trigg (b. ca. 1710), killed at Battle of Blue Licks, Ky., member of the 
Virginia Assembly, 1775-1776, and member of the Convention of July 1775. Tyler, 
Ency. Va. Biog., L345. 

ZuBLY Journal 47 

a most dismal road, blind rocky <etc.> which I never could 
have found witht a Guide that very providentially fell in my 
Way 8c piloted me over Stony ford — forded 

Got to Bradleys a good house very disagreable Company — 

<Sun.> 19. a very raw Morning — 

forded Rapidan at Raccoon fork — 

This is to me a silent Sabbath — blessed be God that it is the 
only one so in this whole Journey — 

I thought on them that could not preach being driven from 
home 8c their flocks scatterd — 

[Latin sentence follows here.] 

when I came to Parten [Porter, Porten ?] — they took me for 
a Dr a man had been stabbd there in a fray last night, in both 
his thighs 8c no Dr coming I dressd his Wounds — 

offerd to preach, sine Effelta [?] — 

reach orange Courthouse early but for Want of a proper 
Stage further on, put up here 

a good afternoon — 

<Moii.> 20. Thro the great goodness of God I have now 
performd near one third of my Journey in good health 8c 
hardly fatiqued at all — how sweet will home be even with the 
Expectation of domestick trials 8c publick disturbances — how 
much sweeter Heaven where no friend or Comfort will be mis- 
sing 8c all Confusion 8c grief be vanishd for ever — 

<Tues.> 21. cloudy — crossd James River 8c might have 
made a good days Journey among all the perplexing accounts 
8c directions of the road but my chair springs had given way 8c 
I thought it a Mercy that they did just by a Smith Shop, in any 
other place such an accident would have been very trouble- 
some — a litle snow P.M. Saw an Advertist Mr Smiths^^' Acady 
just opend in Prince Edwards's 

Memodum: To read Lefore's Commentaries de Emigration 

^2'Samuel Stanhope Smith (1750-1819), Presbyterian minister. He was a graduate 
of Princeton and was ordained in October 1775. He established Prince Edward 
Academy in Prince Edward County, Va., in Nov. 1775. The Academy later became 
Hampden-Sidney College. Ibid., 11:175-176. 

^•'^Unable to identify. The author's name is almost illegible and could have been 
transcribed incorrectly. 

48 ZuBLY Journal 

The history of the disolution of the T [Transalpine ?] pro- 

<Wed.> 22. a most pleasant day &: very good roads, traveld 
near 50 miles with Ease & reachd the Revd Mr Smith near 
Prince Edwards Courthouse before they went to dinner 

Spent the Evg most agreably. 

[Latin sentences here] 

Thus far my God has led me on — May Mercy & truth con- 
tinually guide me & receive to Heaven at last — ubi esse Patria 

<Thurs.> 23. Thermom 38. 

Mr Smith kindly accompanied me about 12 miles — passd 
Charlotte C.H. near which is a most agreable prospect — the 
blue mountains at a distance — got to Mr Caldwell who gave me 
directns to proceed &: informed of some disturbances near 96 — 

Lead me my father Sc my God in the Way in which I should 
go for thy Name's sake — 

24. passd Stanton River a branch of Roanoak people in 
general ford it — 

The K. [Kalmia PJ^^s trees serve as a genl directn for the 
Carolina road. 

Genl. Complaints of the Want of Salt Pins Wool lard — I was 
obligd to stop at Mr McDaniels but the Weather looking unpro- 
mising I got to Halifax 

[Latin sentence] 

25. part very bad Roads, discoverd flaws in my Cariage 
which with difficulty got badly mended — some bother 8c Ex- 
pence — 

enjoyd a good night in a lonely Cottage & poor Accomoda- 
tions — 

<Sun.> 26. reachd Dr A [R ?] by noon, now informd that 
the roads are good, Salisbury dist 200 Chtown 300 miles which 
I fear falls short of the Truth 

Accounts of a Batle likely to be fought near 96 
got to Mr Js Fery about night — exhausted — 
<Mon.> 27. Sat off early — Stopd at one stuble field a drun- 
ken man seizd me to take me up — the rest interposd all in a 

-^'The K. trees were probably the Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) which are 
abundant throughout the area. Elliott, Botany, 1:480-481. 

ZuBLY Journal 49 

ready way to be as Drunk as himself — passd two Branches of 
Haw River very scenic 8c within a mile of one another — at ready 
[Reedy] fork I intended to stop but a traveller persuaded me 
to go as far as Guilford CourtHouse which I did &: arrivd at 
Sunset — he tells me a Batle was fought at 96 & 7 men killd also 
a skirmish in Cht — 

upon a couple of Eggs in the morning, I walked some heavy 
miles up-hill 8c Down hill 8c thro divine Mercy am now here 
very litle fatigued — 

I please myself with the pleasure of ariving at home how 
dear is that pleasure bought — how litle will it Cost — this is not 
my rest nor do I wish it to be so but blessed be God we that 
believe do enter into rest 8c shall rest forever — 

<Tues.> 28. a most dismal day. Ice 8c sleet all day long 8c 
the pleasure of advancing homewd absorbed in the pleasure of 
being safe in a dry house, tho Roads &: seasons are every day 
likely to grow worse — 

Much indisposd in my Bowels. 

The Report of a battle at 96 contradicted heard that Hen- 
derson^'-^ who bought Land of the brokers found a province 
under the name of Transylvania, that people gathered fast had 
formed 3 Setlements &: planted about 500 Acres of Corn. 

<Wed.> 29. beyond Expectation the Weather this day 
proves moderate part of it a very good 8c part a dismal road — 
the forenoon promising fair Weather 

Snow 8c threatening in the afternoon with partly very hilly 
8c rocky roads 

at the place I intended could find no Lodgings but met a 
man who came from Augusta 8c saith 

That <Sunday> there was a Batle between Col 
Thompson & fletchal,'-^ that the former fired 3 days on 
the latter, who at last sorely returnd the fire having a 

^^^Richard Henderson (1735-1785), North Carolina lawyer and land speculator. In 
1775, with trade goods, he purchased from the Cherokees a large tract of land south 
of the Kentucky River. He and his associates, including Daniel Boone, established 
settlements and organized a government which they named Transylvania. The legisla- 
ture of Virginia annuled the purchase and the State disappeared. Harper's Ency. of U. 
S., IX:100-101. 

^^■^Col. Thomas Fletchall was commander of one of the provincial militia regiments. 
Landrum, Hist, of Upper S. C, passim. 

50 ZuBLY Journal 

Breastwork 8c Canon, that about 5 were killd by fletchal & 
400 by Hendersons people, that the people from Char- 
lotte, Salisbury, & Camden marchd to his assistance 8c that 
this fellow traveller was hardly permitted to pass, that it 
would be impossible for me to go that Way 

reachd one Sprechers who received me kindly 

NB Dr Lindsey had reed Informatn that about 12 miles off 
the people had gatherd last <Saturday> & were writing in 
favor of G.B. 

<Thurs.> 30. Crossd two bad creeks, the first calld Sweam- 
ing Creek got to ford only — crossd Adkin [Yadkin] R at falls 2 
Branches — same forded at the same time tho deep & cold — 

reachd Salisbury a pretty inland place — Spent the Evg at 
Col Osbornes^^*^ with several Gentn of the Law The people pre- 
paring to go to 96 — from all the various Accts it would seem 
that 500 americans were in danger of being persecutd by 2000 
that call themselves Kings men &: obtaind a Cession of Arms 
for 20 days by giving up the swivels — 

at Cht 'tis here sd that they sunk Vessels on the Barr fird 
upon by the Govt Sc returnd the fire without any Damage — 

The Weather fair but very cold &: Ive never entirely thawed 
most of this Week. 

<Fri.> Dec 1. Mr Avery kindly accompanied me part of 
the Way — overturnd in the Chair in a very dangerous Man- 
ner — blessed be the great God with no hurt to myself & no 
great Damage to the Cariage — 

met Col Pfeiffer who insisted on my Staying all night — left 
some printing with him — he Sc Mr Pattison who knew me ad- 
visd me a nigher & better but very solitary road — the people 
all preparing to march to 96 — alas! the evils that are come & 
coming — May God in Mercy prevent the shedding of Blood — 

<Sat.> 2. a cloudy threatening Morning — 

at the Persuasion of Col Pfeiffer &: Mr Pattison took the 
road by roby River — calld on Revd Mr Balch,^'' declind staying 

226PossibIy Col. Alex Osborn whose name appears on a Rowan County muster roll 
in Nov. 1766. Clark, Col. Soldiers of the So., p. 786. 

2"Hezek.iah James Balch (1746-1776), Presbyterian minister, received his A. B. and 
M. A. at Princeton and was ordained in 1768. He settled in Poplar Tent and Rocky 
River Center, N. C, 1770-1776. He was a signer of the Mecklenburg Declaration of 
Independence. Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. Cols., p. 174. 

ZuBLY Journal 51 

& preaching as the Weather threatening &: road to be fear 
impracticable — missd the Road, by following directions I never 
missd but when told there was no Possibility of missing — the 
Evening rainy — the road very boggy — arivd at a private house 
after night — 

<Sun.> 3. the Morning proving very bad &: rainy I proposd 
to preach, some few of the nearest Neighbours attended & 
heard me with attention on Ap [Revelation] 14:7. after Sermon 
Sat off, 8c thro the Goodness of God it cleared up, 8c I reachd 
a lonely hut about 15 miles distant by means of which I am told 
no Creek will now prevent my proceeding. 

Perhaps this delay was for some one's benefit — I am told I 
must expect the most dismal road still 

most of the men in this Neighbourhood gone to the troops 
about 96. 

<Mon.> 4. arose with the unaccoutable notion that some 
thing wd happen this day to my Cariage which however I easliy 
put out of my mind 8c traveled with less Anxiety than comon 
in such bad roads — but after going on about 20 miles without 
any accidt but snapping a Spoke which I repaird, one wheel 
runs into a deep rut 8c the other against a Limb, instantly the 
left wheel was crushd, my foot caught in it & I lay under the 
body most providentially I had presence of mind kept the reins 
8c held in the horse who was ready to run away 

Thus the Cariage broke but blessed be God I remain un- 
hurt — reachd the hanging Rock^^^ — &: the man is now going in 
a Waggon for my Chair about 5 miles off — dismal dangerous 

O that I may be sensible of mercies of my escape. 

[German sentences in verse form] 

Ellerby^-'' went with a Waggon for the Wreck of my Chair, 
some Waggoners wanted to robb it — he brought it safe before 
9 oClock 

<Tues.> 5. hired Waggon <etc.> to carry my Chair to 
Camden — rode there on a trotting horse 8c was happy to find 

^^''Hanging Rock is a village in S. C. near the Kershaw and Lancaster County line. 
It takes its name from a rock formation. Baldwin and Thomas, Gazetteer. 

'■^■^^Thomas or William, Sr. EUerbee lived near Camden, S. C. Warren, fury Lists, p. 
52. J . f 

52 ZuBLY Journal 

a man that undertook to repair it — the Waggoner asked only 

£6. I gave him a Guinea — 

Great Cause of thankfulness that I was not taken up dead 

or brought off with broken Limbs 
[German sentences in verse form] 
in Company with Mr Will &: Mr Lee sat off dind at Sut- 

tons^^" — reachd Camden — 

I bless God for all his kindness 8c trust he will guide & 

preserve me thro the remaining difficulties of the Way Sc re- 
ceive me to an everlasting home at last — 

<Wed.> 6. Mr Philip Will D[ebto]r— lent him half a Joe^^' 

Do Do —1/4 Joe- 
Sought & found opportunity to preach, which I did in a 

pretty litle meeting house on "Be ye reconciled to God["] 2 Cor 


The Work man busy to repair my chair 8c wheel — 
Report that two Men of War are arivd in Chtown & one 

with a transport in Cape fear River 

I am happy that my time has not been entirely lost — 
<Thurs.> 7. News that 5. of Cunninghams Captns'-^^*'^ had 

surrenderd — 

500 men were gone from Georgia to 96 — 

Crossd Wat[e]ree &: after riding 12 computed very long 

miles find I am not advanced in my Distance but am told shall 

have better roads 
got too Hunters 

<Fri.> 8. cloudy &: rainy Morning — dind at Westover — 
found the Santee River Swamp at Mr Corleys ferry very 

passable, a man lay there dead who had come from the Camp 

as a Guard to some prisoners, reachd Col Thompsons a most 

pleasant situation where kindly reed 8c treatd 

""Possibly Joseph Sutton who came to Camden with the Chesnut family in the 
1760s. He had been a frontier ranger in Virginia. Kirkland and Kennedy, Hist. Camden, 

^"Joe or joey, a 4 pence coin. English slang, now obsolete. 

^^•'Robert Cunningham who came to the S. C. back country from Pa. and settled at 
Island Ford on the Saluda in 1770. He became a ferry proprietor and justice of the 
peace. He became an active Tory and in 1780 Lord Cornwallis made him a brigadier 
general in command of the Tory militia in the Ninety-Six District. He left S. C. in 1782, 
traveled to East Florida, Nova Scotia and England. He finally settled in Nassau in the 
Bahamas. He died in 1813. Brown, S. C. Regs., p. 203. 

ZuBLY Journal 53 

<Sat.> 9. Sat off too late — rainy day — reachd Bordels [Bur- 
dells]2" in good time, but the distance seems to increase upon 

all accts from Cht very allarming. a very rainy afternoon — 
got to Bordels — 

<Sun.> 10. Weather very unpromising, an excessive hot 
night 8c sultry day — found the benefit of good horse &: reachd 
Moncks Corner long before Sunset — 

[German sentences in verse form] 

<Mon.> 11. a very bad Road to Mr T Broughtons^^^ where 
I dind 8c he kindly sent his Boy to put me into the Dorchester 
Road, where arrivd early, &: the Century asked me for fire 
Arms, &: it seems offers to fire on them that will not deliver. 

<Tues.> 12. at breakfast with Mr Cook,^^^ heard of the 
death of Mrs Mauve^-^*^ & [Mrs] Hewat,^" at Mr Haynes of Revd 
Mr Rees a hopeful young man at whose ordination I preachd 
in April last {8c myself still left — ) at Ashepoo heard of many 
more deaths at Savannah, in this dying World I still survive, &: 
thro great mercy am comfortably brought thus far on my way 
home, in the midst of distress &: confusion O may our Eye learn 
to look unto God 8c God look on us in mercy — 

heard of the Arrival of my John — the Sickness of my wife — 
the Death of a grandChild my Soul wait thou only upon God — 
all our pleasures &: Expectations have their Allay happy the 
man who has the God of Jacob for his portion 

<Wed.> 13. reachd Allisons^^^ 

one day more may bring me home — but this is not our 
rest — blessed be God for what there is of it &: the hopes of 

"'Burdell's (not Bordels) was a stop on the road near Eutaw Springs. Orvin, Berkeley 
County, p. 108. 

^^''There were several Thomas Broughtons in St. John's Parish, Berkeley County. 
S. C, at this time. Orvin, Berkeley County, S. C, index. 

235There were several Cooks in St. John's Parish, Berkeley County. S. C, at this 
time. Ibid. 

2*'*Jane Mauve, widow of Mathew Mauve. Her death was reported in the Georgia 
Gazette, 9/20, 1775, p. 3, col. 1. 

2''Mrs. Andrew Hewat, whose death was reported in the Georgia Gazette, 11/29 
1775, p. 2, col. 2. 

^^^'Mrs. Allison's boarding house was in the vicinity of Pocotaligo. It shows on the 
Mouzon map of 1777. Ebenezer Hazard wrote of this boarding house as a "mean 
looking house, where I got good entertainment and my horse fared well; she has 
several handsome daughters whose behavior is polite, though they may have been 
brought up in the woods." SCH Mag., 73:187. 

54 ZuBLY Journal 

better — May I be prepared for what awaits me 8c get but safe 
to heaven at last — 

[The following pages of the diary are JJZ's outline of his 
return journey from Philadelphia to Savannah, November 10 
through December 14, 1775. The first two manuscript pages 
are a table of mileage between towns and taverns in Pennsyl- 
vania, Maryland and Virginia. The narrative account does not 
indicate that he stopped at all of these places. The remaining 
pages are a tabulated account, with names of places and 
taverns, miles traveled and expenses. There is also some inci- 
dental information that is not in the narrative account. There 
are a few errors of addition in the mileage totals. 

[In this transcription JJZ's format has been reset in a few 
places in the mileage column for clarification. The figures 
noted [forward] indicate the beginning of a new page in the 
diary. The tabulation ends near the middle of a page and the 
narrative begins again with December 15.] 
[A Table of Mileage] 

Baltimore 107 

Hoes ferry Potk 90 

Portroyal Raphk 12 

Podenbourg239 89 





York town 


Mr Culeissens 


Taney town 




Nolands ferry 




German town 


detour to Cooper 


Orange C. House 


Birds ordinary 


Goochland CH 


Lunenbourg do 


Taylor Branch 


Baltm 107 

Alexandria 56 

Fredkbourg 52 

Richmond 72 

Chester 15. Wilmington 12 christena [Christiana] 8. 35 
Head of Elk 8. N East 7. chs town 3. 22 

Susquehannah 6 Harford 12 chines^^" 12 

^'^Possibly Poden City, now in West Virginia. 

^^"Unable to identify or locate Chines and Spurgeon on maps or in gazetteers. 

ZuBLY Journal 55 

Baltimore 13 Patapsco 5 Elk ridge landg 3 
Spurgeons 7 Snowdens iron works^^' 9 
Bladensbourg 13. Geo town Potk 8. 

Enquire the best way to New gate said to be nearer way than 

New gate to B Harrisons^^^ 
Elk run church 8 

Normans ford 10 

Bradleys 10 

Raccoon ford 8 

orange C.H. 12 

Cross Roads at Beals 10 
Watsons ordinary on 
the 3 notched road 
the Byrd ordinary 3 

Paynes do 1 

Woodson 12 Jefferson Elk Island 10 

[The following is a recapitulation of Zubly's journey from 
Philadelphia to Savannah, including mileage, expenses, etc., 
Nov. 10-Dec. 15, 1775.] 

Schuylkill ferry 
Buck-^^ — 4 qts oats 





Swan dinner 



Kings Arms Sup bfast 




break fast <etc.> 



[3 or 4 illegible words] 





to Susquehannah 
ferriage 2 horses 8c Chair 




Cross River [illegible words] 
<Mon.> 13. York town B[ed] & b[oard] 
8c horses one night 1 1 



-^'Snowden's Iron Works, i.e., Patunxant Iron Works in Prince George County, 
Md. Magruder, Md. Col. Abs., 11:74. 

'•^^^Possibly Benjamin Harrison (1726?- 1791), Virginia statesman. Revolutionary pat- 
riot, Governor of Va. The family home was "Berkeley" in Charles Citv County, Va. 
DAB. IV:330-331. 

^^'There was a Buck tavern near the Schuykill River. Melish, Trav. Dir., p. 54. 

56 ZuBLY Journal 

at the horse^^^ [illegible 



Tavern baited 


Mr Culliessen 


1 horse shoe 





To Litles town 


night & morning 



Taney town baited 






do <etc.> 



Nov. 15. to Monacassee 

ferry 7 


To Fredktown at Grants 4 


16. Supper 8c breakfast 




bought gloves woollen 



Norlands ferry ferriage 


Virginia money 



To the ferry 


James Swamp [?] 



12. 26. 

Supper 8c breakfast 



17. To Goose Creek 


chiefly bad road 

Wests tavern 




to the red house 

dinner etc. 



to a run 




take to left 

Nevils, a by-road 


11. 36 

Supper 8c breakfast 



18. To fields tavern 


a bridge 







Bradleys a left 




Supper 8c breakfast 


2^^There was a Black Horse [tavern] near York, Pa. Ibid., p. 57. Owen and Rohrback, 
Stagecoach East, p. 20, place it in Lancaster, Pa. 

ZuBLY Journal 


19. Racoon fork 8 
Parten [Porter, Porten ?] 
follow the river 5 sandy — 

& rest hilly 8 21. 

263 [forward] 

20. orange Courth Supper 8c breakfast 
at Col Boswels Diner etc. 

To Boswels 16. 

(fork of road 10.) all roads 
to left To the Byrd 

ordinary 14. 30 

roads all to the right 

2 1 . To Paynes ordy 1 2 . 
James River 15. 

a tavern _\_ 28 

dinner <etc.> good roads 
mending Chair 
Expences night & morn 

22. To Georgetown 15. 

Say 46 

a tavern 



Prince Edd.C.H. 



Mr. Venables 


<Thurs.> 23. lide 

Roanoak bridge 
Mr Moreton 


Charlotte Courth 


Mr Caldwells Cubb 



<Fri.> 24. To Staunton 

R[illegible word] 
To Cubbs 




Banister R 8c Bridge 
Halifax old town 






3 — 

7 — 



58 ZuBLY Journal 


430 [forward] 
To a Bridge 6. Sandy 

Creek 6 

very hilly 8c rooty 

[illegible] 4 2 

To a Smith mending 

Chair 1-1/2 8 

my Landlord relates that he lost 

a child the day before; her Belly 

swelld to a Degree to burst near 

the backbone — the [illegible] visible 

8c the Vains like pipe shanks by 

stroking of which the Blood ceasd 

8c they appeard white 8c then the 

Blood returnd — 
<Sun.> 26. To Dixen ferry 

on Dan 15. 22. 5 

Crossd Dan River fordable feriage N. Car — 
to Mr James Ferry 6 6. 

<Mon.> 27. To 

Stuble fields 7 2. 

To a house near 

ford 1 1 

To Haw River two 

branches 6 

To ready ford 8 

To Guilford Courth 

lost the way rooty 8 40 

The Road I dreaded most very tolerable — 

28. a very bad day snowy <etc.> Ice 

29. To first Branch 

of deep R 7 15 

To deep R 5 12 

Spent at Linseys 
To Brussels Creek — 
[illegible place name] 


ZuBLY Journal 59 

part of the roads excessive hilly — 

& rooty 14. 

Waters run to the left to deep 

R then to the right — 
To Sprechers 2. 16 

deep waters 28. 

sometimes meet measured miles — but 

no Certainty from whence nor whither — 
30. To Chr 

Sprebers[?] 2 4 — 

To Sweaming Creek 5 
Beaver Dam 1 

fords ordy 3 2 6 

To Adkin 6 



Salisbury 7 


Dec. 1. mending chair 


Expences at the George 


To Grahams 9 

Pfeiffers 11 


<Sat.> 2. To Rocky 

R 8 


To Shelby 8 

To the Post now 

take Clear Creek 5 

570 [forward] 

To Math Stuarts 6 


Deep woods about 30. 

The Roads hilly, miry full of 

Creeks — Waters run to the left 

To mending the Chair 


<Sun.> 3. Expences at : 



To a Guide 


To Mr Jacksons Branch 



<Mon.> 4. to the hanging rock 

road very bad 



To Hill who assisted to 1 

fetch Chair 


<Tues.> 5. To Suttons 





ZuBLY Journal 

To Ellerby bringing the Chair 

To Camden 7 27 

lent Mr Will 3/4 Joe £2.14 Stlg 

<Thurs.> 7. Spent at Camden 

mending chair wheel 

a [illegible word] 

Mr Thomas Lee Dr half a Joe 

ferriage over the Wat[e]ree^^^ 

ToWateree 1-1/2 

To Hunters 12 13 










<Fri.> 8. 


To Litles 


677 [forward] 




_1 _2 


Roads good but some hills 

ferriage at Santee 

Mr Cordes^''*^ 




To Col Thompsons 









good road 

To Serj Campbells-'^" 14 

come into the Congree road 

chiefly good 

To Bordels 



30 1 



<Sun.> 10. To 

Eutaw Springs 




To Martins^^^ 





^■•^Wateree and Congaree are small towns between the Wateree and Congaree Riv- 
ers not far from their confluence where they form the Santee River. The town of 
Santee is several miles southeast on that river. 

"•^Cordes ferry was on the Congaree River just above its confluence with the 
Wateree. Map of S. C. in Pruitt, Rev. War Pensions. 

•''"Probably Gimberly as there were some of that surname living in this area. 

^^'There were several Campbells living in this area at this time. 

^^^Martin's tavern was owned by Peter R. Whitten (or Witten). It was near Eutaw 
Springs, and was also known as the Forty-five Mile House. Neuffer, Names in S. C, 
VI V, no. 29; Orvin, Hist. Berkeley County, p. 108. 

ZuBLY Journal 


To Moncks Corner 





<Mon.> 11. To Mr 



To Mr Davies's'-^"^" 


To Dorchester 





<Tues.> 12. To 

Parkers ferry 



To Mr Haynes 


To Ashepoo 





819 [forward] 

<Wed.l3.> To Godfreys 




To Vanbibers^s' 







Mrs Allisons 



To Midlesex 


To Savannah 




<Fri.> 15. Last Evening I arrivd Safe — found my Wife 
mending — 

I humbly desire to bless God for all the mercies of the Jour- 
ney — a safe arrival at home — and now my God prepare 8c fit 
me for the duties & trials of my Station. Give me prudence in 
all things & receive me at last, to dwell with thee forever. 

[No Journal is extant for 1776 or for January-October 

<Sun.> 9. Nov. 1777. [Latin sentence] 

adm [illegible word] — to Mr H G. 

<Mon.> 10. with Mr Hll in the Evg to Mrs R 

<Tues.> 11. crossd the ferry — saw A M. &: the Comittee 
meetg — informd A M. that I had no obj to the oath <etc.> & 
got in the Evg to Black swamp-'^'^ 

'■^■^"Probably John Davies of St. James Goose Creek. Ibid., p. 75. 

'"'Vanbibbers was a tavern at Pocotaligo, operated by Jacob Vanbibber (Vanbebber) 
who was postmaster. "He keeps an excellent house," wrote Ebenezer Hazard. SCH 
Mag., 73:189. 

"^Black Swamp was on the S. C. side of Savannah River above Ebenezer. Map in 
Pruitt, Rev. War Pensions. 


ZuBLY Journal 


r- — ' 











ZuBLY Journal 


64 ZuBLY Journal 

<Sun.> 16. preachd to a very attentive h[ouse] Matt 16:26. 
baptizd Elizabeth Wm Anne Stafford 
Wm Jos [Jas ?] Elizab Daniel 
Alfred [Children of ?] 
Seth John [and] Sus Stafford 


Richd — [son of?] Richd [and] Mary field. 
P.M. very indisposd. 
Nov. 21. baptizd 
Janvius — Winifrey Abn [Absolon ?] James Breler [?] 
Mary Elizabeth Lewis Eliz Walter 
23. preachd on Act 16:30 

30. preachd agreable to Request at Mr Lewis' meeting house 
on 2 Cor 1:20. 

8c in the afternoon heard one Mr Reeves 
Dec. 7. preachd at Mr Smith's Act 16:31. invited to preach 
every other Lords day in a Meeting house in this neighbour- 
hood built for the Use of any that preach the Gospels 
baptized Gaston [Gorton ?] 
John [children of?] Gaston [Gorton ?] [and] Eliz Bachler 
Susanne Aquila Harriette milby 
11. exceeding happy in the gracious assistance of God & in 
attentive Auditors Heb 12:15 
[German sentence] 

may I but have opportunities to preach &: a Blessg attend 
my poor Endeavours 

[Two Latin and/or German sentences] 
20 negro children viz 
David — Benjamin — Amelia — Isaac — Pat — Wm — Mary — 
Gordon — John — Mary — Jane — John — Penelope — 
Brown — Anne — Elizabeth — Mary — Jesse — Mary — Bussby 

Resolutions, Dec. 14, 1777. 
Should it please God to bring me back to Georgia from 
whence I have unjustly been driven, I resolve to his Grace to 
watch against every Notion of Revenge, & to Comitt all /as I do 
my Return/ unto him that Judgeth righteously — tho I do not 
mean to deny myself Justice, I would guard against Passion 

ZuBLY Journal 65 

Revenge 8c hatred; if restored to my Congregation I pray that 
I may be more diligent 8c more faithful especially toward Chil- 

NB. To import Watt's different Cathechism &: have stated 
hours to inculcate them into the minds of young ones. 

Dec. 16. To resolve from day to day to be upon my guard 
against all needless Prosecutions to cause sufferings &: pray for 
those to whom I perhaps intended 8c believe might be Imagi- 

<Thurs.> 18 Dec. A Proclamation for a [corner of page 
torn off] Thanksgiving day having been issued [torn off] it was 
expected one to the same pur[port] would be published in this 

preachd at meeting on <Psalms> 10:50 ult 8c find Govr. R. 
did not issue any 

<Fri.> 19. baptizd Henry John Eliz Garvey 
Thomas — Susanne — James — Isaac Eliz People 
Henry — Catherine Thos Sarah Clark 
Sarah Richd Anne Winn 

Mary — Anne — Richd [children of ?] Richd [and] 
Anne Dudley 

Catherine Thos Ravenel [?] Govaby [?] 
<Sun.> 21. preachd at Mr Smiths Tit 2:11 

general meeting of the Baptists in the neighbourhood 

<Thurs.> 25. Christmas day preachd at the meeting Luke 

baptizd Joseph Peter Anne Roberts 
Harriette Abraham Hart Ravot 

one of the Patrole observd that he would not swear to take 
no Protection even from the turk because no one' knows what 
may happen, 

<Sun.> 28. [This entire page is in Latin.] 

[Top corner of page torn off] [ba]d Weather preventing my 
preaching [in the mee]ting as I had promisd I was going to 
desire Mr S. Negroes to attend when one of them came 8c in 
behalf of the rest beggd a sermon — 

I preachd to as attentive hearers as I could ever wish to 
have 8c who knows but that I may have been driven from Geor- 

66 ZuBLY Journal 

gia to be of some service to some poor Negros in Black 
Swamp — preachd on Act 10: [blank] &: fixd upon an hour to 
preach to them every Lords day 

I bless God for the Mercies of my Banishment 

<Mon.> 29. at the Request of Mr Dobbins went to 
Middlesex to bring his Wife & preachd a funeral sermon in the 
church <Psalms> 90:12. read also the funeral service over a 
stillborn child of J. HolzendorfP^^ — 

<Tues.> 30. baptizd Joseph — [son of?] Lewis Mary Winkler 

<Wed.> 3L Dec 1777. 

Thus I conclude a painful year of my Pilgrimage, in such 
Circumstances as God knows, 8c I will not comitt to Paper I 
desire to be thankful for Mercies without Number, & I trust I 
may number my Afflictions among my mercies. 

I partly heard & know that word may be designed against 
me, but having obtaind help of God, I am continued &: hope — 
forgive O my God the many 8c great sins of a whole Year, Enter 
not into Judgment for I canot stand. Pardon all my sins my Dr 
Redeemer 8c in thy faithfulness 8c Mercy deliver me from all 

Thou knowest O my God that I would look upon a trial 
so[o]ner than Sickness or Death than to be deprivd of the Exer- 
cise of my ministry but in this also thy Will be done. 

O thou who hast redeemd me from the Extremity of Woes, 
8c thro the tribulations will conduct me to an Eternity of Bliss, 
blessed be thy name — why should I be discouragd 8c why 
should I fear what man can do unto me — I know not what 
awaits me, do thou but enable me to look to thee alone — to 
glorify thee in the fire 8c all is well. 

Lord I wait for thy Salvation. Come quickly even so come 
Lord Jesus! 

[Two sentences in German, set in verse form] 

<Thurs.> l.Jan 1778. 

Thus thro the Mercy of God I begin another Year, had an 
opportunity to preach on <Psalms> 9:15-27 — 8c I trust I had 
a Token for good in Gods gracious assistance & in such a frame 
of mind for which I ought to be highly thankful — 

^"There was a John Holzendorff at Ebenezer at this period. Eben. Rec. Bk., p. 82. 

ZuBLY Journal 67 

I look backward 8c have reason to be ashamd 8c yet also to 
be thankful — 

I think on the present &: desire to be submissive 8c to look 
unto God who is my Salvation 

I look forward 8c Lo 'tis a dark [illegible word] that [illegible 
word] is my father &: will override all for good — 

I look around me &: find still a few friends &: pray God to 
reward them 8c bless my Enemies 8c thus do good to those that 
have done me evil without Cause. 

The Prospect of things is exceeding dark 8c it is sometimes 
darkest just before the break of day — 

I look for a Kingdom which canot be shaken — 
I am separated from all mine 8c probably we may yet be 
more scattered — 

Lord Jesus I lay all mine 8c thine at thy feet — Have Mercy 
on us especially on my dear Congregation 

<Sun.> 4. preachd in the family Eph 5:16 8c P.M to the 
Negroes Act 10: [blank] who seemd to hear the word gladly — 

<Thurs.> 8. preachd at N. Johnstons^^-* Math 19:16. bap- 

Jane — Lily — Helena — Jacob — Amos — [children of ?] Nathan 
[and] Eliz Johnston 

Ezekiel Jack [?] Martha Stafford 
Thomas Joseph Sarah Garnett. 
<Fri.> 9. Sent my tax List to Sav 
18 Negroes 

Lands including Plantations possessd by my son 8c son in 
Law 2720 Acres 

the Brickhouse now usd as a Hospital 
trust Lott &: wharf contiguous to Mr Clay^^^ for Estate 
of J. W 
Say 1250 Acres of Land 

^^''Probably Nathan Johnston of Beaufort Dist. Warren, S.C. Jury Lists, p. 74. 

2'*^Joseph Clay (1741-1804), prominent Savannah merchant; named Deputy 
Paymaster in Ga. by the Continental Congress; delegate to the Continental Congress, 
1778-1780; Treasurer of the state of Ga., 1782; one of the Trustees for establishing 
the University of Ga. Colls. GHS, VIII:7-11. 

68 ZuBLY Journal 

a Lott in the Village of St Gall'-^^'' unimprovd & £2000 
at Interest 

The above is as just 8c true Acct as at this distance I can 
make out the Collector I suppose will excuse my not personally 
attending to attest it 


<Sun.> 11. a very bad day could only Speak at the family 
<Psalms> 84:[blank] 

18. interested to have heard Mr Lewis but some people 
meeting here preachd on 2 Cor 7:29-30 in the Expectation of 
havg a most immediate Call to put this desire into Practice. 

21. DZjun arrivd &: his mother & he returned for Sav 21-22. 

in Conseqce of Letters this day /24/ gave up now all thoughts 
of returning 8c endeavrs to remove <etc.> 

<Sun.> 25. preachd at Meeting 2 Pet 3: 1 Br David arrivd 

28. baptizd Jane [daughter of?] James [and] Jane Scott 

[The next entry is dated Sunday Feby [blank] and is in Ger- 
man, which is continued throughout the following page. The 
first three lines of the page after that are in Latin.] 

<Wed.> 28. Jany. 

my Petition having been laid upon the table for 3 months 
i.e. refused — I have now done all I could to preserve myself to 
my Congregation &: as it provd in vain mean now to remove 
my family &: /if permitted/ my moveables as far as I can — 

I wd neither demean myself by my Stooping to Injustice 
nor harbour Resentment agst those that so unjustly persecute 
me — I wd think on Jas 1:12-13 8c Pet 3 : 1 4 & wd neither cringe 
nor provoke — I wd pray for mine Enemies rather than comp- 
lain against them — 

In my time I trust I have endeavord to Speak for God may 
I now learn if he [illegible word], for his sake also to be silent — I 
am not utterly friendless but my Soul wait thou only upon God 
from him Cometh my Salvation. 

preachd on Rom 8:25 

Some talk about building a Meeting House it had been 
proposd before now by Mr Smith which I strongly discouragd 
as quite improper at present — 

^'*'^St. Gall was a suburb on the west side of Savannah. The property was originally 
owned by JJZ and he named it for his native village. 

ZuBLY Journal 69 

<Tues.> 3. went to Midlesex to confer with my Son on the 
Confirmation Bill. 

<Wed.> 4. baptizd Elizabeth Anne Richd Mary Stevens 

5 Elizabeth [daughter of] Lewis [and] Elizab Vaigneux 

met some Nward Gentn who informd me of many of my 
friends — 

<Sun.> 8. the morning exceeding stormy did not expect 
any wd be at meeting — expounded in the family <Psalms> 27. 
I since learnd there was a full house & that Mr Scott preachd 

<Fri.> 13. baptizd Sophia [illegible] Turquand 
Catherine Melchior Sophia Humbert. 

<Sun.> 15. preachd at Midlesex Job 22:21 & the people 
expressing themselves desirous promisd to preach from time 
to time. 

<Wed.> 18. my wife arrivd, most of our things being 
moved I resign every wish of return to Ga look upon my Re- 
moval as a mercy greatly overballancing my troubles & hopes. 

heard Mr D Marshall Ez 37:9. he prayd that God would 
prosper us in what was right & Cross [word torn off] assure us 
in what was contrary to his Will. 

preachd at Mr Lewis' Request I <Thess> 5:3. 

<Mon.> 23. Some Conversation with Mr Lewis, to whom I 
promisd to be a Subscriber &: who invited me to preach at his 
meeting at Pipe Creek. 

<Thurs.> 26. maried Wm Mauier — Azenath May 
<Sun.> March 1. preachd at Midlesex <Psalms> 73:28. 

<Thurs.> 5. maried Charles Fousche' Mary Eliz Jeaneret. 

<Sun.> 8. heard Mr Lewis who prayd for the Suffg &: 
persecuted [illegible word] 8c preachd on Job 6:11 

preachd Luke 21:36. 

I have read 8c Transcribed the Act in which I am declard 
[banished] 8c all my Estate confiscated without any other Emo- 
tion I trust but that of Pity &: Contempt for the makers. It was 
long my publick prayer <PsaIms> 7:11 & eer long God will 
awake save the oppressed 8c break the Arm of the wicked. 

The worst I will wish to my worst Enemies is that by any 
means they may be brought to Repentance &: if not reformd 
may be restraind. 

baptizd Jane [daughter of ] James [and] Jane Scott [repeat 
of entry for Jan. 28 above] 

70 ZuBLY Journal 

<Tues.> March 17. Many 8c exceeding great are thy Lov- 
ing Kindnesses unto me O my God! 

I bless thy name that some of my sorest 8c longest tempta- 
tions decrease. 

I trust I bear my Injuries with Composure 8c without a 
Desire of Revenge. 

I have hope in God and shall see his Salvation meanwhile 
in silence 8c hope may my strength be! 

as thou wilt dispose of me, what thou wilt be done, my 
father 8c God only direct my steps that I may not slide 8c receive 
me at last — 

Even now I praise thee who are the Light of my Counte- 
nance 8c my God. 

I trust I may be thankful for afflictions 8c why should I 
Complain when thro great mercy they are but light 

<Fri.> 20. hearing A.M had some orders about me I went 
to him when he shewd me a letter from Mr Colcock^^' to ad- 
minister the oath of State, the Commission being dated Dec. 15 
and not arriving till March 6 he sent it back because the Govt 
was alterd. I told him I was ready but he sd he should do 
nothing on it. The Commissn it seems was directed to him 8c 
C Dupont.25« 

<Sun.> 22. preachd at Midlesex John 14:27. 

baptizd Joseph Lewis John Christian Raymond 
David Lewis also Mary Keal 
Mary John Jos Keal 
Daniel Jeremy Lawrence Mary Coke 
Thomas Wm Valery Gibbons 

<Sun.> 29. preachd at Pipe Creek Meeting on 2 Chron 

baptizd Margarette Basil Mary Cowper 

<Fri.> April 3. Ice. 

I am now going V.D. [Volante Deo] to Midlesex with a view 
to prepare some Lodge for a Habitation on what I still may call 

^^'Unable to identify Mr. Colcock. There were too many of that surname. 

^^^Cornelius Dupont, born in Purrysburg, d. 1800, rice planter in St. Peter's Parish. 
He held various positions in the parish, was a member of the 1st Provincial Congress 
in 1775; House of Representatives, 1778-1780; Senator, 1781-1784. Reynolds and 
Faunt, Biog. Dir. Senate S. C, p. 210. 

ZuBLY Journal 7 1 

my own. Every Circumstance at present seems to render this 
prudent 8c necessary 8c if my God pleaseth it will also be safe. 
I feel myself quite resignd 8c contented in the way of Duty to 
have no certain Dwelling place, abundantly satisfied with the 
Hopes of an everlasting house. Gracious God I adore thee who 
in Condescension to my great Weakness hast made my Banish- 
ment 8c trials very easy to me. I trust I may number them 
among the blessings of my Life. I had rather have no home 
than sit uppermost in the Congregation of the violent — 1 trust 
for the very men that now deprive me of every thing they can 
deprive me of I would now be willing to Spend 8c be Spent for 
the good of their Souls — 8c what is my [illegible word] to friends 
&: foes. 

qui dedit — ill novit. 

Be it enough for me to be any where with a gracious God 
aut nil Colo aut in Colo — 8c to suffer 8c do any thing that Christ 
may be glorified in Life or in Death. 

I have no reason to repine, thousands to be thankful. O my 
God pity the poor distracted Country that has driven me away 
<Psalms> 7: 1 1 &: soon make an End to our present Calamities 
as is most for thine own Glory 8c the eternal good of all that 
are thine own. Grant me opportunities to speak & enable me 
to be faithful. 

I think I feel some beginnings of an Asthma which may be 
owing to that want of Exercise of my Breast 8c Lungs which for 
such a number of years has been my Work 8c Delight. 

[Four sentences in German, set in verse form] 

News of some Revolution at Sav 8c [corner of page torn off] 
to fall upon measures to repeal the Confiscation Act frorrrwich 
I expect all that can be expected from people who concurrd or 
at least acquiesced in every Act of Villany 8c Injustice till they 
thought there might sooner be greater danger on that side of 
the question than any other 

& that I view them in this light perhaps I might have taken 
more pains to conceal. 

<Sun.> 5. preachd at Midlesex 2 Pet 3:14. 

baptizd Philip [son of ?] Philip [and?] Eliz Martinangel 
Jacob Mary Holbrook 
Abraham Melchior Mary Vickers. 

72 ZuBLY Journal 

maried John Meyerhoff Mary Winkler. 

<Mon.> 6. begun to keep house again ourselves at Mid- 

7. begun to build an Addition to the house with a Design 
to make the upper Story at Midlesex a temporary Home. 

receivd the news of my house at Savannah being burnt 
down < Monday > night, the people with difficulty escaped in 
their Shirts — most people I've seen ascribe it to Design. I bless 
God that I was not in the House with my family that most of 
my things had before been moved [corner of page torn off] 
more left than lost, tho much is in the Power of my professd 

that I am enabled to submit with Composure tho I find 
trifling matters often affect me much more than greater — 

that my wife also graciously supported 8c above all that I 
hope for a House not made with hands where the wicked cease 
from troubling 8c the weary are at rest. 

I trust I set out with a Resolution to submit to any Loss 8c 
trouble so I may preserve Conscience. 

In the midst of these varied trials my God has been most 
kind &: gracious to me for ever blessed be his holy name. 

<Thurs.> 9. buried Jacob Winkler & preachd Job 14:10. 

<Fri.> 10. Drought terminates in blessed showers. 

<Sat.> 11. preachd at Black Swamp meeting Luke 19:42. 

From <Thursday> 16 April to <Saturday> May 9 at Mid- 

April 19 preachd at Midlesex 1 Cor ll:[blank] 

<Mon.> 20. waited on Col Garden^^^ gc took the oath /of 
which I made a memdum/ observing that the case was very 
clearly stated in the Act mutually — Allegiance 8c Protection 8c 
at his Request promisd to preach in church on a fast day. 

<Wed.> 22. preachd on <Psalms> 7: 10-1 1 & tho I fancied 
some personal Prejudices around, yet I sincerely wish for a 
better Effect of my preaching. 

^^^Benjamin Garden of Black Swamp. He was the son of the Rev. Alexander Gar- 
den, Commissary in the Revolution. He was Lt. Col. of a militia regt. of Granville 
County, S. C. He was captured at the fall of Charleston in 1780, taken prisoner and 
exchanged in 1781. He returned to the Beaufort District and was made Brig. Gen. of 
the 4th Militia Brigade. He was later Maj. Gen. of the 2nd Div. of Militia and a state 
senator. SCH Mag., H:55. 

ZuBLY Journal 73 

<Fri.> 24. Col G dined with me & caried it with great 
Candor & Politeness in giving me an opportunity to clear my- 
self against very base Aspersions 

<Sun.> 26. preachd again on Eph 6:13 &: Mr Dillon from 
one of the violent opposers now professing Satisfaction &: be- 
ing chosen church warden offering me the church I preachd 
<Sunday> May 3. on Jer 17:7 Col G giving some hints about 

[May] 4. baptizd James Jones [?] Cath Brown 

May 10. preachd at Black Swamp Luke 15:10. 

May 17. Thro the great mercy of God my Preserver 8c De- 
liverer I am still alive & desire as I have abundant cause to be 
very thankful. 

The last week I began a Course of Medecines but no 
medecine can reach my Case — To thee I look my father & God, 
in thee alone is my Salvation. I trust I wait 8c long for it — O 
may thy Grace dayly prepare me that Sin may be more and 
more mortified 8c what remains of life be spent in the service 
of my God. 

Heard Mr Lewis on Math 25:46 8c preachd Phil 3:20. 

being Spoke to 8c Mr Lewis offering the place perhaps a 
door may open to celebrate the ordinance of the Lords Supper. 

forgive me O my God all my follies 8c sins 8c Direct me in 
the Way in which I should go 8c bring me to an everlasting 
home — 

Remember my Congregation in mercy 8c all theirs &: mine 
for good. 

May 20. went to Midlesex &: broke in the Cheese in the 
Whey maried young Benj Jefferson Sar Winband [Winburn ?] 

24. preachd in the church a M. 1 Pet 3:13 P.M. 2 Tim 2: 10 

The men refusing to go to Ga Maj Bourquin''^'' requested I 
would take notice of it in my sermon so I observd that it was 
always bad to be at War, but best to keep it at the greatest 
distance, but I find the militia will not muster 8c only 34 turn 
out Volunteers. 

-•"'Probably David Francis Bourquin, born 1739 in Chatham County, Ga.; served in 
Pulaski's Legion in the Revolution. He was a son of Benedict Bourquin who emigrated 
from Switzerland to Purrysburg, ca. 1732 and later moved to Ga. D. F. Bourquin was 
a Justice of the Peace in Chatham County. Davis, Some Hug. Families; also Supplement 
No. 3 (1940). 

74 ZuBLY Journal 

Every account from every where is distressing 8c the amaz- 
ing Levity & Carelessness 8c Insensibility every where prevailing 
renders it still more so. how long O Lord how long 

Arise 8c save all the needy 8c oppressed — 

30. preachd at the funeral of Adrian Mayer^t^' on Eccles 9:5. 
He died &: gave no sign. 

An Express passd with news from Congress which implies 
a further spreading of the flames of War. Quonsque Deo 

[Five sentences in Latin] 

3L a blessed rainy Day preventing the going abroad ex- 
pounded at home <Psalms> 65:[blank] 

[No diary entries between May 3 1 and December 31,1 778] 

Dec 31. 1778. 

Thus then I conclude another remarkable year of my Pil- 
grimage in Circumstances which demand my highest Gratitude 
&: Praises. 

In many respects happier in the End than in the beginning 
8c in all respects under infinite obligations to the God of my 

I enjoy more health &: have recovered some bodily 
Strength — 

I am in my own &: convenient Habitation 

I never wanted one Meals Victuals & by my many troubles 
lost but one Nights Sleep. 

I had opportunities to preach & tho I see no fruit am heard 
with attention 

My Enemies have been amazingly restraind by an invisible 
Hand & tho I often spoke more than prudence /that looks 
more to safety/ would warrant I have been preservd. 

The latter part of the year I have been enabled to follow 
my studies & have wrote several things for the Press. 

I had many opportunities to return Good for evil 8c trust I 
have not misimprovd them 

^^'Adrian Mayer of Purrysburg. He was a member of the Granville and Colleton 
County regiments of militia and was a juror in St. Peter's Parish in 1767. Warren, S. 
C. Jury Lists, p. 84. 

ZuBLY Journal 75 

I tasted this day a singular pleasure — Ben Andrew^'^^ 
came — I asked him to breakfast I remembered how much God 
had forgiven me I recollected [11 or 12 German words] I took 
him in my chair /I could have taken him in my Bosom/ to fetch 
his sister but he does not seem to feel that he ever did me any 

but this was a happy Business. 

my wife enoyd more health than in former times — 

I have a Grand child born me. 

O that I might ever remember my many mercies &: never 
think on my troubles but be thankful for them &: the gracious 
help of my God. 

Bless the Lord therfore O my Soul & forget not all his 

Still I have Bread to eat 8c Raiment to put on 

8c my Conscience does not reproach me for the part I acted. 

8c I trust I chose affliction rather than sin. 

In this year I had some few that avowd themselves my 
friends 8c 1 pray God ever to reward my Benefactor John Smith 
8c bless him and all his. 

Within these two days Georgia is chiefly in the Hand of the 
j^ifjg263 — jj^jg j^^y ^jgQ affect me 

forgive O my God the Sins 8c Neglect of the past year, 
especially my impatience 8c Inability. 

Deliver me from all my sins make me not a Reproach of the 

8c at the End of Life receive my soul. 

[No diary is extant between December 31, 1778 and May 8, 

<Sat.> 8. of May [1779] I sat off from Midlesex to Savan- 
nah when nearly there Mr Bulloch informd that all the Kings 
troops were removing from Pb. to join the main army &: that 

2'^'^Benjamin Andrew (1730-1791), was born in Dorchester, S. C. and moved with 
others to Midway in Ga. in the 1750s. He was a member of the Ga. Council of Safety, 
1 776- 1 784; President of the Provincial Congress; member of the Continental Congress; 
member of the Ga. Executive Council, 1782; member of the Ga. House of Asembly 
from Richmond County, 1791. Northern, Men of Mark, 1:1-3. 

^•*^Savannah was captured by British forces on Dec. 29, 1778. 

76 ZuBLY Journal 

Capt Th— In had advisd him & every body to quitt for fear of 
the injustice 8c ill treatment from the Americans. 

waited on Col Allen Commandant, who treated me very 

<Sun.> 9. preachd [for] Mr Jenkins264 ^^ ^ Tim 3:15. & 
preachd in the A[ssembly] house our own Meeting being too 
much out of repair on Deu 2:20-21. heavily &: oppressd in 
mind tho to attentive hearers. 

& all I can hear see & learn presents Views of distress Sc 

<Mon.> 10. &: now my God do thee pity me — thou hast 
helpd me thus far that I canot sufficiently & abroad aclaim thy 
kind & gracious Providence — I throw myself upon thee — thou 
will not reject a poor Wretch desirous to know &: to do thy will 
& to be useful in some shape to his fellow Creatures. 

I resolve therefore thro the grace of God not to look to men 
of no Kind or party but to look to my God & my duty. 
& this I apprehend to be my Duty 
to prevent all the sins &: evils I can much as I may & to 
promote the Restoration of Peace & order & Religion by 
my Discourses writings & every means in my Power. 
Grant me thy help in this my gracious father suffer me not 
have any [illegible word] or take any false Steps or expose my- 
self to Suffering new losses but grant me fortitude to look to 
thee alone. 

Long ago I had fainted unless I had believd & now O Lord 
I believe help my unbelief & take Care of my family restore me 
to my Congregation & them to me & O forever blessed be thy 
Name for the hope of a heaven of eternal rest. 

Teach me to do thy will thy spirit is good Lead me in the 
Land of uprightness. 

<Tues.> 11. baptizd John [blank] Jane Griggs 
&: Moses Vollaton 

Anne Mary Andrew Elizab Knowland 
Catherine [blank] Wright 
[blank] Galache 

^"Edward Jenkins (1744-died in England after 1819), Episcopal minister. He was 
rector at St. Bartholomew's Parish, Colleton County, 1772-1776 and at St. Michael's 
Church, Charleston, 1797-1817. He was elected Bishop of S. C. in 1804 but declined. 
Weis, Col. Clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, p. 81. 

ZuBLY Journal 77 

preachd in english 2 Cor 1:2 to a few attentive people 

<Thurs.> 13. Ascension day. 

O thou who art ascended on high Look on me 8c all thine 
here below — blessed be thy name that I may once more cele- 
brate the day — 

my soul is bowd down — there is none that enquireth after 
God 8c this is the worst of these worst times. 

Thro thy Grace I am still willing to do or to suffer O may 
my last be my most useful days 8c my soul be with all thine 8c 
mine at last. 

Once more I preachd at Acton to my dear People most of 
whom I trust heard the word gladly Joh 14:2-3 

Looked at the ruins of my brick house Mrs Hopkins said 
she wd give me mine whenever she could get another 8c that 
she had a right to a house — I told her Every body had a right 
to his own house. 

<Sun.> 30. May. very happy in preaching to attentive Hes- 
sians Joh 3:[blank] 8c P.M. in Engl 1 Tim 2:1-2. thus I begin 
again! I would help to build the Walls of Jerus in troublesome 
times. The Prospect is exceeding allarming but I would look to 
God 8c run some risk in being faithful, teach me my God what 
I am to do — leave not a poor Creature to himself truly willing 
to know 8c do thy Will — Pity all mine 8c receive me at last. 

<Sun.> 1. June, preachd at Mrs Gibbons^*^^ <Psalms> 

baptizd Mary James Judith Campbell 

4. baptizd Richd Robt Cath Laton 

6. preachd at Acton Luke 16:29:ult P.M. Jer 8:13-14. 

7. and 8. attempted to cross the River but found freshet too 

<Fri.> H. this day I have taken Possession of a Place of 
my own 8c am now here waiting the Will of God, 8c wishing for 
Peace Safety 8c that all my family may be restord to our former 
Blessgs. Have Mercy on me 8c mine O Lord &: on this whole 
Land 8c heal our Breaches O give Peace on our days 8c give it 

'^•^^Probably Mrs. Sarah Gibbons of Whitehall Plantation on Savannah River, widow 
of William Gibbons. Savh Writers' Proj. Savh. River Plants., p. 319. 

78 ZuBLY Journal 

<Sat.> 12. I feel exceeding indisposd — have mercy on me 
my Lord & my God. May I be enabled tomorrow to go thro the 
Work of the day & meet with a day of thy blessing. 

<Sun.> 13. preachd German Luke 14:[blank] 

baptizd Margt — John — J' Agnes Armstrong Mr McLeod 

preachd P.M. 

Letters from Midlesex — 

<Fri.> [18] buried Mary Wilson [out of chronology] 

<Mon.> 14. Distress on every side — no rest in sight 8c scant 
hope this side Eternity — yet every reason to be thankful that a 
rest remaineth 8c if not [3 illegible words] will endure forever. 
<Psalms> 42:11 [5 Latin words] 

<Tues.> 15. [12 German sentences.] 

<Sat.> 19. thus ends a distressing melancholy 8c tedious 
Week & in the end of it, in the midst of distress I will acknowl- 
edge that it is the Lords Mercy that I am not confined 8c that 
his Mercy has been new every Morning. 

June 21. 79. J. [illegible] senr. 

Agreable to yr Desire you may go 8c live at the ferry 
whenever you please only taking care of my Property while 
you stay. 

Pray take Special Care of my Books &: Medecines which 
I suppose none else will Covet. 

<Sun.> 20. preachd in the morning in german in our own 
meeting on Luke 10:1-10 but it being rainy 8c the house very 
Earthy P.M. engl in the Lutherans [church]. 

baptizd Anne — [daughter of?] Abraham [and] Anne Ful- 

27. at Acton Luke 6:36 — in our meeting Luke 17:13. 

On Tuesday my family fled from the fear Violence of the 

With difficulty I savd part of my things 

my Library is now lost &: there I am wounded in the ten- 
derest parts. 

the Hope of a Crop is gone at Midlesex 

son &: grandchild very unwell. 

but my Wife is safely arrivd — flesh &: heart fail. 

the Expedition against S.C. appears to be given up 

ZuBLY Journal 79 

but orders from home establish the Civil Laws as a great 

Many have been my sins 8c follies O my God forgive them all 

restrain 8c forgive my bitter unjust Enemies 

be gracious unto my flock 8c family. 

O may I be useful tomorrow 8c before I die 

Prepare me dayly for that solemn moment &: graciously 
receive me at last. 

&: my soul shall praise thee forever. 

Mr Glen-*^*^ tells me B A. [Benjamin Andrew] professes Re- 
pentance for his sin in promoting the Confiscation Bill O that 
God would give them all Repentance unto Life — 

Wrote to my Br by Ben Bowen 8c expressd my hope of 
seeing him at Midlesex the last of the month also wrote to Dr 
Bard and my Dr Nancy by Dr Hudleston. 

Direct O Lord my last steps, keep me from every sin folly 
& mistake — I trust I am weand from the World may I be so 
more 8c more 8c at last receivd unto Heaven. 

<Sat.> [July] 17. Thus I conclude another Week of my 
pilgrimage blessed be God for every step that brings me nearer 

This week I sensibly mended but at present am in no severe 
pain. O that I might bear it 8c improve it better — 

O that I may be enabled faithfully to preach tomorrow 8c 
the pulpit ever be my seat of happiness 

alas! for so many poor souls that scorn to hear — Pity them 
O Lord. 

<Sun.> 18. Last night restless 8c painful — yet I was enabled 
to preach on Rom 5:L & bless God that I came to Cht were it 
only to preach that sermon. 

a very painful afternoon 8c Evg — 

Wrote to Mr Simpson 8c sent a Sermon <etc.> 

Thus I am not laid aside altogether — perhaps what I pub- 
lish may also be of some Use — 

^•^Probably John Glen (d. 1799), lawyer, chairman of the Provincial Congress, 1775; 
member of the Council of Safety, 1775; Chief Justice of Ga., 1776; mayor of Savannah, 
1797; judge of Superior Court, 1798. Northen, Men of Mark, 1:110-111. 

80 ZuBLY Journal 

Into thy hands I comitt my Spirit — I would be weand yet 
willing to stay, labour to my last Breath 8c then my dr Lord I 
ever fall down in thy Presence &: praise thee forever. 

<Fri.> 23. a painful Week preparing for home 8c yet sensi- 
ble how far I shall be from home even when I reach my Habi- 
tation — Blessd be God for a house not made with hands — 

In this tabernacle we groan <etc.> 8c when sin 8c folly is 
still alive — 

Sent sevl things home — Blessed be God who provides for 
me that I can yet provide a little for my dr family 

When shall I come &: appear before God? 

<Sat.> 24. Thus ends a Week of pain — a Week is gone but 
pain & sickss remains, be of good Courage O my soul eir long 
Pains will be gone forever 8c thy days of Bliss neither end nor 
be interupted anymore — 

Remember O Lord that I am but Dross — O that I may be 
enabled to deliver a faithful testimony tomorrow 8c O not in 
Vain — 

May my son soon 8c safely arrive &: I be guided 8c preservd 
in my Return — 

my God forgive all my sins 8c follies — 
In Mercy receive me at last — 

<Sun.> 25. I will bless the Lord from day to day — 
this was a Day of Pain but had yet a happy hour in the 
pulpit Luke 19:41-42. 

1 desire to be exceeding thankful — perhaps some of my 
hearers also may find Cause for it — 

I looked in vain for my son may he come soon 8c safe 

[Nodiary is extant between July 25, 1779 and March 14, 1780.] 

<Tues.> 14. [March 1780] Complaind to Col Porbeck^'^' 
that the hessians damagd my house on which he promised they 
should be turned out. 

<Wed.> 15. they movd but not without carying off boards 
<etc.> belonging to the house — 

''^'Lt. Col. von Porbeck, Hessian officer. He was field officer of the day on the right 
flank during the attack on Savannah on Oct. 9, 1779, by American and French forces. 
Lawrence, Storin Over Savh, p. 92. 

ZuBLY Journal 8 1 

<Thurs.> 16. Maj Endeman-^'^*^ looked at it & wishd to live 
in it — offerd to help to repair, to which I readily consented — 

<Fri.> 17. The Maj sent his Cart & horse with a Man to 
fetch Stuff from the house I sent Cyrus & a horse with them 
8c they brought a Load — 

wrote the Maj as in Copy book 

March [blank] sett at Work to stop up Garett Cupola &: 
front & w of 2d story. 

a second Talk with Capt Moore^^^ who said if I repaird no 
body would be billetted upon me — that it lay with the Civil 
Power — &: was very Civil & liberal in thinking me hardly up. 

<Tues.> April 4. Maj Barnard"^' rode to the house 8c lookd 
in it but passd without speaking to me. 

Cht. Nov 1780. 

[This entire page is in German. It begins with the date, 
Sunday, 19. The next date is 21, followed by symbols for Satur- 
day and Sunday.] 

<Sun.> 26. a.m. [4 Latin words] 

Still O Lord thy loving kindness is better than Life. I am 
sensibly better in my Body than at my arrival on <Sunday> 
last 8c this day fortnight the Symptoms of Death seemed the 
more prevailing. Bless the Lord my soul. 

a Silent Sabbath! O the rich undeservd Mercy of God that 
my silent Sabbath bear so real a proportion among those I have 
been indulged with — too — too many of which I have misim- 
provd. truly I ever was most unworthy to Speak for God. 

This has been the longest Interruption, at a Time when 
there is the greatest Call to preach, 8c so very few to be faithful, 
at a time when men generally harden their hearts 8c there are 
few or none to call 8c witness 8c thus I am silencd — God thy way 
is holy! O for a perfect Composure &: Resignation to thy holy 

26K^j3J Endeman was a Hessian officer at Savannah. 

^''^Capt. Thomas William Moore, Barrack Master at Savannah. Roy. Ga. Gazette, 1/3 
1782, p. 2, col. 2. Ford, Brit. Officers Serv. in Amer.. p. 131. In a copy of one of JJZ's 
letters in the Appendix the name is spelled Moon. 

""John Barnard, 3rd son of Col. John Barnard, Major in the Revolution; member 
of the Provincial Congress in 1775. He was captured by the British and later ex- 
changed. He setded on Wilmington Island near Savannah. Burt, Barnard, pp. 21-23. 

82 ZuBLY Journal 

Let my Soul live that I may praise thee! Endurd another 
stroke given to the Wretches that delight in War ought to excite 
our Gratitude & Hope — Than that in [illegible word] 8c War 
Let the Wickedness of the wicked come to an End — 

baptizd Mary James Martha Wiggins — 

Teach me O Lord the Continual Practice of looking con- 
tinually into thee 8c unto thee alone — 

<Thurs.> 30. To others 8c myself especially the Dr I ap- 
peard mending — in Hopes soon to preach — yesterday 8c today 
very low — I have no doubt of a Special providence bringg me 
to this place — God knows his Designs — I know I ought to be 
faithful — 

the P.M. Exceeding weak 8c low! 

The first a Brisk day Come 8c Come quickly dearst Lord 

<Sat.> 2. Dec. In Lecto. 

Thus ends another Week, I am alive surrounded with Mer- 
cies, in Pain 8c Sickness yea I trust Sickness itself is my Mercy 

I will not groan "Lord how long?["] but bless God who for- 
giveth all my sins 8c healeth all my Diseases. 

I have little Prospect of Health work or usefulness Gods 
ways are in the deep, but I canot help lookg on my being here 
as singularly providential. 

<Sat.> 24. a day of Mercies. Bless the Lord O my soul! I 
preachd Prov 1 : 32-33. 8c trust it will not be altogether in vain — 
few desire to hear — &: of my old friends next to none — O the 
Blindness 8c Infatuation of a Sullen hardend People — 

My bodily health has been rather better but truly I am ex- 
ceeding weak — I wish to live to be useful, perhaps I might be 
more so by suffering than by activity — 

I wish not for the Vigor of Youth — but Let not the Lord be 
angry with the Request that as my day is such may my strength 
be also — [3 or 4 words in Latin] Into thy hands I comitt my 
Spirit Abba father thy will be done 

<Sun.> 25. a silent Christmas to me &: much do I feel my 
Weakness 8c Disorder. 

[12 sentences in German] 

<Fri.> 29. most of this Week I spent in Bed & in pain, but 
feel a lide lively this Evg — 8c yet I have nothing but mercies to 

ZuBLY Journal 83 

record — My God indeed made my Bed in my Sickness his Lovg 
Kindness is better that health or Life 8c yet he is also the health 
of my Countenance 8c my God. Bless the Lord O my soul — 

I trust even now that I am not altogether useless with my 
Pen, 8c hope 8c pray that I may be made an Instrument of good 
in the Pulpit — my Return — my Life — my Death — my sickness 
or health my family 8c Congregation I comend with friend & 
foe into thy hand 

Let me praise thee in Sickss — Let me praise thee forever — 

<Sun.> 3L Dec 1780. 

This last day of the Year has provd a blessed day to me, 8c 
thus I conclude a Year of Sickness &: Affliction, absent from 
my family 8c very low in Body with the voice of Joy 8c thanksgiv- 
ing — I trust the last day of my Life will be still happier. 

I have been enabled to preach Thren [Threnody; i.e., 
Lamentations] 3:22 with great freedom, 8c have been heard 
with singular attentn. I bless God who brought me to this place 
were it only thus to bear my Testimony, 8c pray it may prove 
a foreruner of Death unto Death to none. 

It is amazg to myself that after so many Vicissitudes I should 
conclude the year in Cht 8c with a testimony necessary for the 
times — Surely the Hand of God is in all this! &: tho I canot see 
his Design nor would presume to think he has any thing great 
to do by poor me, yet I am the only Dissenter with a legal 
Capacity to preach, 8c who did or would Speak out upon that 
occasion — [4 Latin words] — Our own people universally shun 
me 8c my preaching yet they canot hinder me to pray for them 
O Lord recover those that are fallen — gone astray &: hardend. 
Pity the ignorant that are out of the way &: let thy Salvation be 
near them that fear thee 

I have also been enabled to visit a man under Concern for 
his soul, a rare spectacle — Lord heal him 

and thus a Year that seemd so likely to conclude my Life, 
concludes, 8c with Symptoms of Recovery. I dread the thought 
of returning to the busy scenes of Life 8c perhaps to long Sick- 
ness 8c Pain at last — forgive O Lord my Infirmity. I trust undr 
the Hope of Prospect of being yet useful, every disagreable 
Prospect vanisheth, thus the Close of the Year nothg but Hope 
8c mercies 8c trust remain. 

84 ZuBLY Journal 


Jany 1. Mane [In the morning] 

Thy years O Lord have no End with me this day another 
Year begins I begin it after a comfortable nights rest, with an 
abating disordr some flow of animal Spirits &: I trust with an 
humble chearful Dependence on the God whose my Breath is 
in & in whose Hands are all my Ways. 

The view of Death centers every object in one — I shall be 
forever with the Lord 

The prospect of the Life presents various new of trials 
Hopes fears duties temptations, perhaps long Pain & Sickness 
at last — 

I begin the Year I hope desirous to be useful in active Life, 
8c happy had I that prospect; but to be confmd to Languishing 
&: to glorify God by Patience in Suffergs, like my late dr Br 
Osgood^^' alas! Lord have mercy on me a Sinner 

My father thy Will be done! & O deliver me from every 
thought, keep me from every word &: action Contrary to thy 
good & perfect Will 

<Thurs.> 4. waited on the Comandt at his Request — he 
proposd from Ld. C. [Lord Cornwallis?] that I shd come to Cht 
take charge of Scotch Churches, & superintend with a hand- 
some Salary — 

Salary & Engagt I found no difficulty to decline [2 illegible 
words] & Spendg part of my time for God (my King[)] 8c this 
poor place 8c my deluded friends any where, where I may be 

In my prest low state litle can I do yet has my Coming to 
this place so far contributed to my Recovery that I have been 
able to make attempts from the pulpit 8c from the Press. 

Lord whose my Breath is 8c in whose hands are all my 
ways — shew me thy ways — Let me not mistake — with a full pur- 
pose of mind may I cleave to 8c follow after thee. 

I thank thee Lord in the deepest Humility for any pro- 

^^'John Osgood, Congregationalist minister, was born in Dorchester, S. C. He was 
ordained there in 1736, and preached there, 1735-1752. He was with the group that 
left Dorchester and settled at Midway, Ga. in 1752, where he preached until his death 
in 1773. JJZ preached the funeral sermon: "The Faithful Minister's Course is Finished." 
Weis, Col. clergy Va., N. C. and S. C, p. 86. 

ZuBLY Journal 85 

videntl appearance designing me for further Use — God forbid 
God forbid that I should hestitate for a moment to do or to 
suffer what may come in the way of my duty. 

to be patient, 8c faithful — O give me to hope & to wait — all 
my Desires are known to thee O direct them all in the right 
Last night when I prayd the Gospel might be restord to this 

place — me thought the ansr was "the people do not want it" — 
Thou that hast receivd gifts for the rebellious O create a willing 
People by thine almighty Power. 

1 will not fix my hope of departing nor of preaching — Thy 
will be done! 

deliver me from thoughts that are worse than Disease. 
Take Care of my dr family at home & where they are scat- 

terd — 

Let me be a Witness for thee in Life 8c Death & graciously 
receive me at last. 

<Fri.> 5. Last Sabbath after 2 violent days of my disorder 
(to which the Inclemency of the Weather perhaps contributed) 
I appeard to myself nearly dying — O the Solemn Word even 
undr every [illegible word] Circumstance — a Calm night how- 
ever succeeded 8c the next day tho still in pain &:c yet the [page 
ends abruptly] 

<Sun.> 7. the Weather not permitting my going out ex- 
poundd at home 1 Pet 3: [blank] with methinks a sensible In- 
crease of bodily Strength — 

1 wish this day may not open a new trial of a very distressing 

I would not look to foe nor friend 
but friend 8c foe to thee commend 
Have mercy on them both. 
O that Nothing, nothing may move me from duty &: that at 
last I may finish my Course with Joy. 

In weakness pain 8c Grief — my soul wait thou only upon 

<Tues.> 9. Letters from home importg J. T. killd but wait- 
ing on the Commandt there is room to hope it is a false Re- 
port — he has rather pleasg accts. 

Dr G. begins a new Course with me this day — Pain 8c weak- 

86 ZuBLY Journal 

ness notwithstandg I gather flesh 8c strength — the Prospect of 
returning back is far from sweet 

my God keep me from flagging in the last Stage of my 
Pilgrimage or shrinking away from any place or duty. 

at Mr Tts [Tennents] they have that an american &: british 
Genl are gone hence to make peace actg [illegible word] — 
Ephraim feedeth upon Wind — [Hosea 12:1] 

1 bless God for his Mercy to my family in my absence &: 
especially for the Blessg of havg a Son who is a support to it — & 
I trust truly religious — 

My Continuance here since <Sunday> last has assumd 
another Complexion May I learn to behave properly in any 
trials that may still be behind & come from unexpected proba- 
bly undesigning Quarters — Bless my friends &: foes, keep or 
turn them from ways of sorrow &: lead me in the Way everlast- 

<Fri.> 12. another day past — Blessed be God that these 
days of trouble pass away. O that they might be abridgd also. 

My Body rather mends — my mind suffers instead of wishg 
to fix I am rather tempted Jerem 9:2. My situation is not easy 
because it gives Uneasiness, — O the blessg of having quiet 8c 
eating one's own Bread — 

what Rancour what hardness what Bitterness do I see pre- 
vailing — 

Sent Letters to my family by Mr Miller 8c Tunno^'^ — reducd 
the terms of printg my thanksgivg sermon^'^ in writg — upon 
large Paper — type such that a sheet may contain it — 200 copies 
to be printed in a fortnight. 

visited Mr Perroneau, &: saw a new proof of the necessity 
of [3 Latin words] — O the Bitterness of the times! 

<Sat.> 13. another Week is gone — difficulties of the beging 
of it are not diminishd — 

Blessed be God for the hope of eternal Rest, the sweeter 
because I see no prospect of any short of it — 

^'^Probably Adam Tunno who had a coffee house on Tradd St. in Savannah. Neuf- 
fer, Names in S. C, XXVII:21. 

-''This sermon was probably never published. It is not listed in any of the JJZ 

ZuBLY Journal 87 

O that I may be enabled faithfully to preach tomorrow 8c 
not in vain. 

<Sun.> 14. much indisposd in the morning 8c Evg had a 
happy Intervall to preach 1 Tim 2:1-2 8c I trust not altogether 
in vain 

<Mon.> 15. a busy &: partly painful day — wrote an Addss 
to N.C. may it prevent some mischief 8c do some good. 

baptizd Wm Jacob [children of?] Jacob [and] Elizab Thomas 

<Tues.> 18. [16] after a severe Evening enjoyd a quiet 
Night 8c moderate day — I bless God that I heard from my fam- 
ily — but concerned that my Br is a Prisoner — may he soon be 
releasd 8c be at his intended station to our mutual Benefit. 

<Wed.> 17. visited Revd Mr Smith — 

<Sat.> 20. Thus another Week of Life is gone, the God of 
my Life be praisd. my disorder is rather abated 8c my strength 
increasd but I seem almost a Stranger to the Idea of health 8c 
to the Wish of Life — the Will of God be done! May this be my 
sole sincere 8c hearty Prayer — This Week publishd an Address 
to N.C. may it not be altogether to no purpose — 

<Sun.> 21. Thro the great Mercy of God I preachd tho in 
much Weakss on Eph 5:15. how few alas to hear! 8c scarce any 
of those who formerly delighted to hear. 

Thy Judgts O Lord are a broad 8c [illegible word] in the 
Infatuation of those we hope are thine own — arise in mercy 8c 
visit us with thy Salvation 

by a genl Permission of the Comandt to marry anyone I 
should think proper maried Joseph Hutson Anne McAuley 

<Mon.> 22. wrote to Mrs Gibbons &: DZ by Prior — a very 
stormy afternoon 8c my Disorder tolerable — troops saild for 
Capefear yesterday — 

<Tues.> 23. walkd as far as the Bay 8c found myself 
stronger — wrote DZ by Wallace 

<Wed.> 24. more indisposd &: yet not losing strength — 
The gracious Will of God be done — May I be useful while I live 
8c live to be useful — 

Mr Smith chooses to have his Bond paid in Contl Dollars 
which I am therefore to get. 

<Thurs.> 25. visited Mrs H Perroneau &: Mrs Cooper, my 
strength rather increases — I am alive but not lively & yet in my 

88 ZuBLY Journal 

very low Estate Blessed be God I speak 8c warn — preach & 
write & print I hope not altogether to no purpose — 

[7 or 8 words in German] 

agreed at last with Bruce^^^ he is to print 18 Quires of my 
thanksgiving sermon for £8 — money I can ill spare & yet wish 
8c rejoice to leave some monument of deliv[eran]ce 8c Gratitude 

my Return home canot but at times occupy my thoughts — I 
am not fit to go nor can I continue here — In this also a gracious 
God will direct — when shall I be restord to mine 8c when shall 
I appear before God — 

my father all my days have been days of Mercy — May 
what remains be Days of gratitude, & I at last dwell with thee 

1 am very weak — &: litterally poor 8c in such want but I have 
enough — Bless the Lord O my soul! 

<Fri.> 26. my Disordr gains upon me afresh — O for hum- 
ble submissive Patience to the Will of God — I wait for thy Salva- 
tion Lord with stong Desires I wait — 

when shall I come 8c appear before God — Every news 
that threatens to prolong the War affects me &: I fear the temp 
of the People. I am afraid Peace is not so near. 

Mrs Scott much prejudicd spoke to me. I thought I could 
discover the Remains of former Christian friendship — 

1 pray for Mercy 8c for myself 8c all my friends &: foes — 
Lord how long? Shall I ever get home again, 8c when to my 

true 8c eternal home — my soul hope stays in God — I shall yet 
praise him. 

<Sat.> 27. Blessd be God for the Mercies of another 
Week — tho every loss 8c disaster we meet with in War deeply 
affects me — 

Private troubles are continuing to increase — my son John a 
Prisoner, probably a fugitive, my Brother a Prisoner with his 
whole family in the hands of the enemy. 

Have Mercy on them O Lord, preserve them 8c restore 
them — 

O may I be able to be faithful 8c reach at last my eternal 

"^George Bruce, native of Scotland, a printer in Charleston. Thomas, Hist, of Print, 
in Amer., pp. 570-571. 

ZuBLY Journal 89 

<Sun> 28. Thro the great Mercy of God after rather a 
painful night, found myself strengthend this day & preachd on 
Eph 5:17. It is a melancholy that there are so few to hear so 
many that scorn the Gospel — yet I bless God for the attention 
of those that did hear & that the number does not decrease — 
my bodily stength returns O may I become more faithful & 
useful than ever! 

maried John Courtney Mary Taylor. 

<Thurs.> 1. Feb. Some painful days — my disorder increas- 
ing — yet will I wait on thee my Lord 8c my God — when shall I 
be deliverd from this body of Death. 

wrote home by Quaro — to Dr Bard &: A Bacot^" 8c Jno 
Simpson Esq. 

<Fri.> 2. somewhat better — visited a Person under Con- 
cern for his soul — 8c Mr Hinds"*^ who Kindly offerd me the 
Use of his Chair 8c horse 

<Sat.> 3. a sore night — took a puke which did not work 
kindly — 

forgive me O Lord 8c heal me — may I be enabled faithfully 
to preach tomorrow 

<Sun.> 4. preachd on <Psalms> 73:25-26. blessed be God 
for his kind assistance — some negroes seen affected — the poor 
have the Gospel preachd unto them while haughty siners refuse 
to hear — 

I am to try to rest without Laud[anum] but dread the Ex- 

<Mon.> 5. The first 8c last part of last night I had good 
natural Rest &: a most painful in between — this afternoon I am 
in an agony — O merciful God thy will [5 or 6 German words] 

Abba father thy Will be Done! 

<Tues.> 6. Last night took again Laud which composd my 
Pain (17 drops in the Evg & 2 at midnight) kept awake by 
pleasing thoughts — but had some rest 8c more hope — I desire 
to resign myself continually into the hands of my gracious 
heavenly father — I begin to think much of home — but when or 

2"A. Bacot was a merchant in Charleston with Dewar & Bacot, dry goods, coffee, 
tea, rum. 

"•^Possibly the Rev. John Hinde, Episcopal minister, rector of Christ Church Parish,, 
Charleston. SCH Mag., 21106; Weis, Col. Clergy Mid. and Soil Cols., p. 120. 

90 ZuBLY Journal 

how I know not — In Gods good time I may reach home, &: bless 
the Lord O my soul at last I shall reach the true home 8c be 
forever with the Lord. 

<Wed.> 7. enjoyd natural rest, 8c a tolerable day blessd be 
God — I think of home — Lord direct me in all things — heard 
from my family whom I thankfully comend to they further 

<Thurs.> 8. A restless night 8c chiefly a painful day — ex- 
ceedg weak &: exhausted I wait O Lord for thy Salvation — 

wrote home to go by Prior. 

<Fri.> [9] a day of ease. May the Night be like it — paid off 
Mr Smiths Bond at their own Desire in Contl Dolls — I had 
offerd to pay in hard money at 100 for one — but bought at £10 
for one 

<Sat.> 10. a moderate day after the natural nights rest — 
surprizd with a Lettr from the Cdt 8c the Prest of the C[ouncil 
?] (truly unexpected) 

I felt much lower in my sight after I receivd it — but thought 
on Bgs kindly in a more serious Case "I accept this form of 

I am glad to give an opinion on a certain Petition. Lord 
Jesus Look on me in Mercy — O that I may be enabled to be 
faithful &: useful tomorrow — 8c blessed be God who careth for 
me — 

<Sun.> 11. Laud only kept me quiet. 

The Weather unfavourable Spoke to the family on Heb 
12:1-4. I always look upon it as a frown when I canot go out 
but perhaps the day was not lost — 

<Tues.> 13. partly a very sore night — &: not without much 
pain this day — 

My sermon came out of the Press, may it answer some good 

Maried Robert Smith Janett Royal 

<Wed.> 14. heard that the Char[acter] JZ (John Zubly ?] 
publicly gave of me was — the best divine, best politician & the 
greatest mortal in the Country — 

<Thurs.> 15. begun some discreet preparation for my Re- 
turn which yet canot be soon 8c in my Inclination will be by 
Land — 

ZuBLY Journal 91 

Letters from home — Mr Cowper-^" came by and met no 
Enemy but allarmd — 

wrote to Dr Bard &: sent him my sermon — 

visitd Mrs Hart, rara Avis, a very thoughtful prudent 
Woman — She sd Mr Hart fared out with his Bible under his 
Arm, & said he never bore any other Arms. 

<Fri.> 16. Last Night my Disordr very sever[e] I must have 
again recourse to Anodyne tho the day was so favorable that I 
dind at Mr Hinds — 

<Sat.> 17. By the help of Laud rest at Night & a pretty 
good day — 

Thus another Week quickly gone — 8c blessed be God I am 
the nearer home — 

I hope een now all my time is not lost — O may God be with 
me tomorrow enable me to be faithful & seal it with his Blessg — 
When will my Sabbath come? 

maried Serj Malcolm Heard — [illegible] McGuire 

<Sun.> 18. a moderate Dose of Laud gave me rest — 
preachd on <Psalms> 27:ult — 

intolerable day as to my Disordr I hope not altogether a 
useless one in other respects — wrote to Revd Mr Hart to go 
with the flag. 

<Mon.> 19. buried in the Baptist Yard Dr Milligan"^ Thus 
I who have so long been on the Borders of the Grave bury 

<Wed.> 21. Last Night I seemd dying 8c wishd to die in 
the Presence of my absent family. I feel somewhat better, but 
had a poor day. The Will of God be done, but methinks it 
would be a Mercy if I could close my Eyes among my own — yet 
I trust I feel no Reluctance to die when 8c where God pleaseth. 
May I but dayly be fitted for my Change. I see litle Prospect of 
my Return, but I resign myself 8c this &: all my concerns into 
thy hands gracious heavenly father — Guide me &: mine 8c re- 
ceive us at last. 

"'Probably Basil Cowper, merchant, who came to Ga. ca. 1768. He was with the 
firm Cowper & Telfairs, 1769-1775, and in 1779 with John Graham in London. He 
was a member of the Ga. House of Assembly in 1780, and as a Loyalist he was banished 
from Ga. in 1782. Col. Recs. Ga., X:406, 407, 919; Xn:441ff; XV:610; Rev. Recs. Ga., 

"^Possibly Dr. John Milligan. SCH Mag., XIX; 142. 

92 ZuBLY Journal 

<Fri.> 23. mending — but no idea of health — nor wish of 
long Continuance — O that I may but be enabled to do & suffer 
all that remains — 

Wrote to Mr Knox^''' per Copy — with Gazette &: sermon to 
go with the [illegbile word] also sent a sermon to Baldwin & a 
Lettr to [illegible word] 

<Sat.> 24. ] To Messrs Battier 8c Tomlin 
Secy of Soc for promotg religious 
Kraftt with Letters to [illegible names] 

Letters from home. 

<Sun.> 25. Thro the Mercy of God preachd on 2 Cor 
5:14 — baptizd James Williams Alexr Anne Davidson 

Letters from home inform me of the Illness of my wife I 
hope it is not dangerous unto Death May God in Mercy spare 
Sc heal her &r receive us both in his good time — I am very low 
8c weak, but the Lord is the strength of my Life — Abba father 
thy will be done — I pray I may be all Submission — 

<Wed.> 28. Wrote to my dr Wife & Son by Mr Clarke 8c 
sent a pair of Stands &: 5 padLocks — 

Last Night I slept well without any Anodyne, but this was a 
painful day — O thou God of my Life thy Will be done — purge 
me that I may bring more fruit or take me home to sin no more 
& be with thee forever — direct all my Steps 8c let me constantly 
look unto thee alone — O be gracious unto all mine — may they 
be all thine 8c we meet 8c abide before thee forever 

<Thurs> 1 March. The afternoon very painful — I long to 
be with my family 8c yet can only expect new affliction if my 
dr Wife should not be relievd — 8c in this World it seems I have 
nothg to expect but change of trials — The Will of God be 
done — 

Last Night notwithstandg Laud quite restless. May this be 
more comfortable. 

"^Probably William Knox, Presbyterian minister, who came from Ireland to S. C. 
and preached in Indian Town, 1767, Black Mingo, 1 768- 1 800 and Salem Church, 
Black River, ca. 1768. Weis, Col. Clerg. Va., N. C. and S. C, p. 82. 

2**"This was the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge. The GHS has a 
copy of the Account of the SPCK for 1 748. On p. 1 it lists the Rev. Thomas Broughton 
and the Rev. William Watts as Joint Secretaries. 

ZuBLY Journal 93 

Lord make me to [be] willg to suffer & to work & O Deliver 
me from what is worse than Death 

I comend all mine to thee — Abba my father I am sick, low, 
in great pain. Thy Will be done! 

<Sat.> 3. Last Night the Laud taking no effect thoughts 
much affected me, 8c the situation of my dr Wife & family left 
me no rest — Why art thou disquieted O my soul? a Letter from 
my son mentioning nothg about his mother gives room to 
hope — also that my Br is recoverd & J. T. 

The Comandt sent for me &: shewed me good News from 
Ld Cornwallis whose advance is very rapid & hopeful — 

Thus another Week is gone, loaded with Mercies 8c fatherly 
Corrections — O my Lord & my God — Let thy holy good 8c per- 
fect Will ever be done — Deliver us from evil &: deliver me from 
the temptations worse than Pangs of <Sunday> tho not dis- 
pleasg to corrupted Nature 

May I be enabled to preach faithfully 8c successfully tomor- 
row, meet my own Congregation in due time with renewed 
strength 8c hope 8c at last be for ever with the Lord — 

<Sun.> 4. Blessed be God, 20 drops of Laud gave me a 
comfortable night 

preachd 2 Cor 6:14. There was some Expectation from last 
Sundays sermon that some of my old friends wd attend, but 
they hold out to a man and almost to a Woman — My soul is 
grievd for them — they love Rebellion more than the Gospel — 
Pity them O Lord, hedge up their Way to shame 8c bring them 
back <etc.> 

baptizd Maryann [blank] — [blank] Johnston — 

My thoughts 8c my Desires bend homewards — O that thou 
will direct all my steps. Give me to be faithful to friend 8c foe 
submissive to thy Will in all things 8c let me dwell with thee for 
ever. All mine I comend unto thee. 

<Mon.> 5. Tho the night was pleasant 8c day better than 
tolerable yet Pain 8c groans are my dayly Companions — I think 
much of home but see litle Prospect of my Return, at the same 
time that I canot help straing upon the goodness of my friend — 

I know my prospects at home too, should my dr Wife con- 
tinue sickly — 

94 ZuBLY Journal 

Abba father thy Will be done — O let me learn that Lesson 
properly 8c all is well — 

<Wed.> 7. a weakly day after a Sleepless night tho I took 
18 drops of Laud. 

Letters from my dr family — to rejoice 8c to grieve but above 
all to hope 8c to pray — Look on me in mercy 8c receive me at 
last — 8c let thy Mercy rest on all mine. 

Mr Edmonds declard "he would take the oath but that the 
matter passd between Dr R & me as I related he would sign 
before Witsses — he was to see me again on < Monday > next 
but appears so extremely restless in my Company that I shall 
save him the trouble — 

<Thurs.> 8. preparing gradually for my Return — Direct O 
Lord all my steps &: guide me 8c defend me in thy Ways — O 
when shall I reach home? 

<Sat.> 10. Thus I conclude another Week alive but in pain 
8c Infirmity — my father thy Will be done! 

May I not be permitted to long for home 8c more for 
heaven — when thou will as thou will what thou wilt — 

O that I may be able tomorrow to preach the Gospel of 
Peace — Lord who is sufft &: who Less than I? Pity poor souls 8c 
let thy word come with Life 8c Power — O that I might be of 
some Use in this place &: before I die 8c my gracious father 
forgive thy poor Child 8c receive me at last — &: if it be thy 
pleasure soon — Amen! 

<Sun.> IL March, a day of Mercy — when I enterd the 
Meeting I almost fainted 8c so again when I came out the Pulpit, 
but in preaching I was graciously assisted — O my God by these 
things may I live — 2 Cor 5:20. I doubt not but to some the 
Word of Reconciliation has been a Blessg — Would to God the 
nonattendance of so many arose only from Prejudice to the 
Preacher — arise O Lord &: visit us in Mercy — 

maried Alexr Mcpherson Catherine Mcpherson 

<Mon.> 12. Waited on Comandt who so kindly promisd if 
he could not furnish me with a good Waggon to send me home 
in a good Boat &: let me know in a few days. 

This most important Business I pray my God to direct — 
keep me here or bring me home so I may but at last safe get 
to Heaven — O may all my Desires center there! 

ZuBLY Journal 95 

Baptizd Robt Agnes — [children of?] James [and] Mary Jer- 
vey [?] 

<Tues.> 13. wrote to DZ by Mcintosh with Hewats^"' [illeg- 

<Thurs.> 15. an easy day after a good Night /24 drops L./ 
but not free from pain, which has now long been my Compan- 
ion — 

forgive O my God all my Infirmities Impatience Sin Sc fol- 
lies — 

Direct my Steps & in thine own time bring me safe to mine 
& to heaven at last — 

<Mon.> 26. The pleasg News of a great Defeat given the 
Rebels by Ld Cornwallis-'*'^ — since nothg will do with an un- 
happy deluded obstinate People but shedding of Blood may 
the last Blood be shed soon! & Peace & tranquility once more 
be restord — 

By the safe arrival of my dr Son I also have the Prospect of 
returning soon home — Blessed be God that he came in Safety. 
May I next visit my Habitation in Peace & at last enter into that 
rest which remaineth for the People of God — 

<Wed.> 28. happy to find that the Cariage orderd for me 
by the Comandt is just ready — 

a severe storm of Wind this Evening which I fear has done 
Damage — 

Look on me Lord in my low Estate. I am poor 8c needy to 
thou take Care of me — 

31. March. 

another Week concludes, in which my Mercies have been 
very many, & my health rather increasd — 

Took my leave of the Comandt who treated me very kindly 
indeed 8c provides for my Journey 8c requested my Return. 

In all things may the Will of God be done! 

[7 Latin words] 

O that I may be enabled tomorrow to preach with Life 8c 
power 8c with a lasting Blessing! 

28'Probably Andrew Hewat. There are many references to him in the index to the 
Georgia Gazette, 1774-1783. 

■■'^'^Probabiy the defeat of Gen. Nathanael Greene at Guilford Courthouse, N. C., 
March 15, 1781. 

96 ZuBLY Journal 

I have not promisd to return till the heat is over, 8c if then 
required Sc this large thoughtless hardened place destitue of 
the Gospel I canot see how I can refuse it — 

Interim aliquid fit [?] — I resign myself into the hands of 

<Sun.> 1 April P.M. 

What shall I render to the Lord? 

Tho weak in the morning & in great Pain this afternoon I 
preachd on Luke 21:36 to an attentive Congregation Sc thus 
Contrary to all appearances I have been enabled to bear a tes- 
timony for God in Chtn — alas in poor Charlestown! 

that it may not be lost altogether — 

forgive O Lord if my Imprudence has been an obstacle to 
any — 

1 trust it was my sincere Aim to do every one any kindness 
in my Power — 

<Mon.> 2. Aprillis — In the Name of God set out on my 
Return, a cool morning — delays 8c the Cariage not as it should 
be one of the horses tired before we reachd the Quarterhouse 
so am obligd to stay here — the Waggon masters passing by pre- 
vented further trouble, & perhaps the horses now furnishd, at 
a slow rate may do — 

May I learn in all things to look only unto God — In my 
going to Cht. several cross things seemingly provd no disadvan- 
tage in the End — May I learn to trust God at home — abroad in 
my Journey — in Life 8c Death — My father Guide me Sc let me 
follow hard after thee Sc at last receive me to Glory — 

<Tues.> 3. At Stono heard much about plunderers — that 
they had been at Midlesex 8c many places. 

The Lords whose my breath is are also all my Ways, he 
preservd my outgoing Sc I trust will also my Return 

reachd the 13 mile house, as much as the horses wd well do. 

<Wed.> 4. In 4 hours came to Jacksonborough'^"'^ — May 
this slow travelling but be safe at last — 

^"yacksonboro (Jacksonborough), a post town in Colleton County, S. C. on the 
Edisto River, 35 miles west of Charleston. 

ZuBLY Journal 97 

at Ashepoo met Revd Mr Harrison'^"^ [illegible word] he 
said he was apprehensive, (& I find such a nodon here strongly 
prevailing) that the scene of the War would be here this Sumer 
merely because the Northward was exhausted in provisions 
<etc.> I told him I looked upon the Congress &: their friends 
as the very worst men 8c that they were not able to raise another 
Army to which he replied he was very happy to see me 8c wishd 
me a very good night. 

<Thurs.> 5. got to Mrs Mains — disappointed in not meetg 
Mr Gourly 8c much more so to hear he was not sufferd to 
preach. I am afraid he is swayd by motives inconsistt with Loy- 
alty which in the present scarcity of Gospel preachers, is the 
more to be lamented. I am almost alone — 8c grievously disap- 
pointed that Mr G. should not bear me Company 8c that the 
rebels shd have any shadow of reason to call such a man theirs, 
how strong 8c how general is the destructive delusion! 

<Fri.> 6. having information giving me reason to hope 
there was no Danger, we contrarily proceeded — opposite Mr 
Roses [Ross ?] we were Stoped &: attackd — I believe there were 
6 or 8. I fell into their hands first 8c they demanded my money 
which I gave — my son D. 8c negroes came up next as there was 
no escaping — they took what they pleasd in apparent fright &: 
hurry — David pleaded for a horse for me only as I was sick 8c 
old. They said it was very hard but could not give up any — 
otherwise they were not rude — drunk to our health &: good 
Journey 8c wishd us well — they said: they were the People calld 
Rebels. I told them: may be not — then I had above 4 miles to 
walk to Mr Pelot 8c to my surprise performd it without much 
Difficulty — We may value our Loss at [blank] Guirteas, which 
comes heavy after so many other Losses — but — this also did not 
happen by Chance 8c as they neither made us Prisoners, put us 
under no Parole or personally abusd us there is muc1i Cause 
to be thankful — We were robbd but escapd 

<Sat.> 7. Mr Pelot kindly furnishd us with a yoke of oxen 
to go to Purisburg — but a litle beyond Col Heywards they took 

-'"^James Harrison (1726-1788), Episcopal minister. He came to S. C. in 1752 as a 
missionary and settled in St. James Parish, Colleton County, 1752-1774. He preached 
at St. Bartholomew's Parish in the same county, 1776-1784. Weis, Col. Clergy Va., N. 
C. and S. C, p. 79. 

98 ZuBLY Journal 

into the marsh & one broke loose so were obligd to Stay 8c 
receivd very humanely. 

<Sun.> 8. Mr Pelots oxen having broken away, I was again 
disabled from preaching when Mr Heyward most kindly sent 
a Boy &: oxen to help us to my ferry — Stopt at Mr Midletons 8c 
baptizd Wm John [blank] Roberts. John Conrad Cornelia 
Hanes [Haynes ?]. 

about 4. we reachd the ferry in Safety 8c thus with more or 
less almost constant pain 8c trouble I have thro divine Mercy 
performd this Journey also, perhaps the last of my Life — found 
my overseer had also been plunderd 8c could procure no boat 
to go to Savannah 

<Mon.> 9. no Boat being to be had sat off for Savh in my 
flatt 8c notwithstanding a strong contrary Wind arrivd Safe 
about 3 o'clock — found my Wife better than when we parted. 
8c O that I may ever retain a lively &: grateful sense of this &: 
every other Mercy — 

and now when I look back on the few Weeks 8c Months past 
they appear to be the most remarkable period of my Life — 

[There are no entries for May 1781.] 

[June 1781] 

Disordr did not increase — 

<Tues.> felt much better &: [blank] 

<Wed.> 6. 1 1 a.m. thro the Mercy of God, I amend & can 
keep out of Bed. 

O that if I return it may be to Labour 8c Usefulness 8c that 
among a hardend infatuated People God may give me an open 
Door successfully to testify the truth 8c to persuade men to be 
reconcild to God — I wish to preach 8c feel how unworthy 8c 
unfit I am, alas! I am the only Dissenter that can be admitted, 
arms from most Divisions are still preferd even by Ministers to 
Peace with G B. how long O Lord? 

In the Evg reed agreable Letters of the Arrival of my son 
8c the health of my Wife &: family. (Tho my dr Wife still Com- 
plains). Blessed be God. 

<Thurs.> 7. Waited on the Comandt 8c was I think cor- 
dially reed — have some Prospect of preaching 8c on the whole 
had a most favorable day — some of my Books were returnd 

ZuBLY Journal 99 

me — which H [?] gave as himself "receivd" it have been "when" 
at my ferry [partially illegible] 

<Sat.> 9. Thus I conclude another Week of Life &: under 
signel Mercies 

I have heard from my dr family 8c in partic from my Daugh- 

I hope a door is now open for my preaching on <Sunday> 

I am apparently mended, in health — many &: exceeding 
great O Lord are thy blessgs. 

may I live to work to be useful to be thankful. 
& at last enjoy an eternal Sabbath — 

<Sun.> 10. read the Dialogue about a family Curse in the 
family — & prayd — Sc hope 

The Weather unfavorable 

<Thurs.> 14. Mane since <Sunday> I rather mended — 
Things preparg for my preachg in the Scotch meeting-^^^ on 
which I think with anxious Hope & fearful Joy — O my unfit- 
ness — Pity me O Lord — O may there be again be a beging 
again of Gospel preachg & Gospel Blessg from which I am 
afraid our Congregation is further off than any other — 

Letters from home — Support O Lord my dr Wife 8c hear 
our mutual Prayers. 

<Fri.> 15. mane. 

1 would begin to prepare for Sunday next — how solemn is 
the Prospect — Weak, 8c low I would Speak to a people that 
have long rejected neglected 8c sinned away the Gospel, 8c who 
in my opinion would still rather have Independency 8c papist 
Conexions than the Gospel 8c their former acknowledgd happy 
Conexions with G B & who in partic maner are prejudicd 
against me in the highest degree, the Infatuation seems to be 
more with the once serious People that with any others. 

however I trust I am willg to preach the truth at Rome also, 
bearing a testimony for God Religion 8c our Country is a great 
thing even tho in the End it should only leave (as I fear now) 
their Blood on their own Heads. 

^*^The Scotch meeting was the Presbyterian Church in Savannah. It was founded 
by Scots, hence the sobriquet. It was JJZ's church to which he was returning. 

100 ZuBLY Journal 

I would wish to gain first the attentn & next the Convictn 
& amendt of [illegible word]. I would neither flatter nor imitate 
8c God keep me from preaching myself, or my own cause — next 
to the Salv of Souls that we may lead a godly & quiet Life 
<etc.> shall be the unpopular aim of my preachg who is Suffi- 
cient for these things? 

Jesus Master here I am! if at any rate in anything by any 
means I might be of some Use before I die — my soul shall 
praise thee & perhaps thanks may be given by many. Tunnos 
<Psalms> 85:[blank and] 90:[blank] 

<Sun.> 17. This I look upon as a day that calls for my 
humble chearful Gratitude above many in my Life — after being 
silencd by Sickss &; Infirmity since [blank] last I was once more 
permittd to preach & since the Banisht of truth Gospel 8c the 
very appearance of Religion, as well as Loyalty I was enabled 
to preach such truths as I think most necessary in this place 

I am in my great Weakness most mercifully assisted & heard 
with great 8c general attention <Psalms>l 19:75. 

May all that is within me Bless the name of the holiness. 
What a source of Mercies has been my Sickness to me — how 
many Blessgs favors 8c Benefits have my litle Suffergs been 
productive off, 8c infinitely greater in Expectation when almost 
in View. 

Now Abba father — to live or to die as thou pleaseth 8c when 
thou pleaseth — 

My old friends have almost universally /not above 1 or 3 
Exceptions/ turnd their back on my preachg — O pity them &: 
help those that curse me. 

I comit all mine 8c all my Concerns unto thee Graciously 
receive me at last. 

8c Rebuke thy Enemy 8c his temptations. 

<Fri.> 22. yesterday Evg I had again a sore attack 8c how 
to defend myself against Cold which severly affects me I know 

Between Dissolution 8c Recovery another tertian "a long 
perhaps painful Sickss" this morning probably my last &: alas! 
that in the Enjoyment of so many Mercies I should dread any- 
thing my father may see fit to send me 

I was brought to 8c for a while continued in Cht with the 
Symptons of Death — 

ZuBLY Journal 101 

Had I known several things which I found out 8c felt after- 
wards I should not have gone — this was kept from me — I had 
some trial in 1779 what it is to be beholden for Bread 8c the 
Pity of friendship of Persons of difft sentiment — but I was not 
then so sick 8c helpless as in Chtown. 

The kindness of Mrs Thomas made me often think on I 
Reg [Kings] 17:9. 

Before I left Savannah Act 23:1 1 made a strange 8c sudden 
Impression on my mind which I then strove against. I have 
since been enabled to bear my testimony in Cht was heard with 
attention &: I doubt not with some Blessg those that refusd to 
hear I doubt not in their day will feel. God look on them in Pity. 

Tho robbd & plunderd I still found friends to help me on, 
8c am again on my own station waiting what God has appointed 
for me to do or to Suffer, to either I desire to be willing &: 

I am Surprizd I am alive &: afraid I am almost the only loyal 
preacher. O that I may now &: ever learn not to look on foes 
or friends but to God alone 

8c thro his Grace may every Resolution formd on a Sick 8c 
apparently dying bed which I now solemnly renew of devoting 
all to my Masters service be carried into full Execution 8c God 
work in me both to Will 8c to do according to his pleasure — 

Many things look gloomy — Look up unto God O my soul 8c 
he that has been thy sure 8c present help will be thy God 
forever — 

Memorandum [undated] 

[2 sentences in German] 
[Acrostic on the inside of the back cover. The first three lines 
are illegible.] 
H omo 
E leutherus 
L liber 

V verax Veridicus 
E [blank] 
T enat [illegible] 
J ustum 
U [blank] 
S obrius Tenex 
[Helvetius: Latin for Switzerland.] 

102 ZuBLY Journal 


The following are all of the letters of John J. Zubly in the 
collections of the Georgia Historical Society. None of them are 
originals. The first letters were copied from Zubly's copy book 
by a sister of Mrs. Archibald Smith and sent by Mr. Smith to 
Israel K. Tefft, at that time Secretary of the Society, with a 
letter relating to Zubly's papers. Archibald Smith was a grand- 
son of Zubly; his letter to Tefft, dated March 27, 1853, is in- 
cluded with these letters. 

The other letters are in the hand of I. K. Tefft who was one 
of the founders of the Georgia Historical Society and a noted 
autograph collector. They are from his own collection. 

Extracts of letters &c. found among the 
papers of Rev. John J. Zubly D. D. 

From the copy of a letter to -Esqr. Glasgow 

I received two letters from you & congratulate you on your 
marriage — You mention also some trials &: difficulties, they are 
our portion at all times, 8c in times like the present they are 
unavoidable. How glad w'd I have been to be at liberty to 
preach the gospel in yours, mine, or any country, tho' without 
the hopes of more than one morsel of bread at a time; & only 
clothes to appear in without indecency, rather than be confined 
to a distracted unhappy country, whose inhabitants seem to be 
bent upon nothing else but destroying themselves & their fel- 
low creatures. Since it pleased God, I shd survive to see the 
miseries I predicted, blessed be his name that I thus far weath- 
ered the storm; I lost nothing, but what property could be 
burnt, destroyed or taken; my library-^^ among the rest which 

^^'^The Rev. Henry H. Muhlenberg on his visit to Savannah in Oct. 1774 wrote this 
description of JJZ's library: "Dr. Z[ubly] has a fine collection of old and new books, 
the like of which I have seldom seen in America. The external appearance of his 
library and study is hardly inferior to that of the most famous in Europe. The books 
all stand up straight according to the principium indiscemibile like trees that cast their 
fruit and leaves in the autumn and cover the ground with them, for here, too, one 
found innumerable printed leaves, whole and half tracts, manuscripts, etc. on the 
floor. It reminded me of the polyhistor M[orhofius] and our venerable von Bogatzky, 
whose studies are said to have presented the same appearance because they would 
never permit the scrupulous housewives to do any cleaning in them lest they cause 
disorder." MuhXenher^, Journals, 11:596. 

ZuBLY Journal io3 

the barbarians tore in pieces without regard to Bibles or reli- 
gious books of any kind, &: threw in the river: At my time of 
life this is an irreparable loss, but for the same reason a loss 
which I shall not feel long. I have been injured, banished, at- 
tainted & condemned to be hanged, without even as much as 
a charge bro't against me. 

I however saw the tears in Gen'l [blankj's eyes when on a 
Fast day, I from the pulpit looked him full in the face, & said 
"If you do wickedly you shall perish, you & yr. State:["] he 
asked me to dine nevertheless, but I excused myself, "I do not 
dine out on Fast day." Since May I am again with the small 
remains of my congregation I preach 8c speak as I am enabled. 
The friends of God are not sensible of their mercies; Religion 
as to the very appearance of it seems nearly annihilated 8c every 
species of injustice prevails Assure yourself it is not the Rebels, 
but the Appointment in England 8c the officers in the service 
who wish to gain by the war, (which many of your country 
people publicky profess) that keep it up: and God only knows 
how much longer men may suffer these plagues. South 
Carolina 8c Georgia in general are subdued but I assure you I 
cannot shew a single professor of religion, of whom I do not 
fear that he would rather run every risk to be easy 8c preserve 
property than sacrifice every other consideration to the dictates 
of his conscience. Heavy judgments are brought in the Land, 
among which an almost total cessation of public worship 8c 
faithful preaching is least regarded 

(This copy bears no date but the year may be easily determined 
from its contents.) transcriber. [The letter was probably written 
in June 1779. See entries in his Journal for that month, supra.] 

Extract of a letter to Mr. Thomas Sept: 28th 
This goes by Capt. Warner, who has lived with me nearly a 
twelvemonth, to my no small inconvenience; 8c he certainly 
heard me say much against the cause in which he was engaged, 
8c probably is still; but if he had no other support but from the 
friends of his cause, I need not be afraid of what I often meet 
with, an unkind return. 

Thro' the mercy of God I rather continue to recover. I see 

104 ZuBLY Journal 

my good friend Mr. Allison is also gone; why am I, the oldest 
& most despised of all my brethren still left — I conceive it is 
that I may bear a testimony, which none else could bear — May 
I be enabled to do it faithfully, endure patiently, 8c at last finish 
my course with joy. You will live my dear M. that tho' a friend 
seemed the only, he will not at last appear the greatest fool in 
these Provinces; &: that he acted & suffered from principles, 
those that cast him out in general are strangers to — 

Yrs. &c. J. J. Z. 

To Mrs. Thomas. Oct: 23d. 1780. 

Dear Madam, My disorder so baffles all the power of 
medicine, that nothing but a change of air seems to promise 
any relief: The indisposition of my dear wife 8c many other 
considerations present this only as a very painful remedy, but 
the duty to preserve ourselves to any hope of usefulness, must 
outweigh even the desire "to be with Christ — which is far bet- 
ter." In you my dear Madam Providence has preserved me a 
friend, whose rare &: generous friendship may either be blessed 
for my recovery, or afford me the satisfaction that in endeavor- 
ing to act a consistent part, I found a trusty friend to close my 
eyes while absent from my family. I trust I can look to either 
of those events, with no other wish but that the will of God be 

done I despise the tho't that my life is necessary for the 

service of my Master, but may for me that while I live, I may 
be active 8c useful, or glorify his name by sickness & silence &: 
suffering. Nothing but the most unbounded confidence, in a 
friendship which I know has no bounds, could have permitted 
me to use this freedom; 8c from the same I expect, that if the 
situation of your health & family should be an obstacle, you will 
be so good as to let me freely know it. Adieu my dear friend, 
however Providence may dispose of me, assure yourself I was, 
8c in the best of bonds ever shall be unfeign'dly 

Yours J. J. Z. 
Oct. 23d. 1780. 
Mrs. Thomas, Charleston, S.C. 

ZuBLY Journal 105 

To the Secretary of the Society for promoting religious 

knowledge among ye poor 
Sir, Some years ago I had the honour to be admitted a 
member of your most respectful &: useful Soc. 8c am informed 
by my worthy correspondents that they have continued my sub- 
scription — I have always looked upon this kind of charity, with 
a predilection & never was a louder call 8c greater necessity for 
it than at this time in America. The destruction this unhappy 
war has made, so many books 8c libraries pillaged 8c ruined, is 
a most cruel breach. My own collection of above 2,000 vols, fell 
chiefly in such barbarous hands, 8c while my loss at my time of 
life, 8c from the Society 8c value of some of the books is irrepar- 
able, it seems to hurt me still more when some poor negroes 
apply to me for bibles, 8c psalms 8c hymns &c. I am not able to 
gratify their request. In whatever light the virtues of America 
may be presented, the friends of religion may be assured as in 
the presence of God, that in America at least in these Southern 
Provinces, most professors have thrown off the appearance, 
hypocrites the very mark of religion, that common honesty, 
humanity and a regard for an oath, is little known 8c the publick 
worship of God in all denominations almost totally set aside or 
neglected. If in such circumstances, the Society would send out 
a number of useful books, it might be a publick blessing, 8c 
would be gratefully acknowledged at least by Sir, your most 
humble servant 

J. J. Zubly. 

To Rev: J. Edmonds. 
Rev: Sir, As you are determined not to take an oath to bear 
witness to truth, upon serious tho'ts I think it needless to give 
you the trouble to call on me on acct. of what passed in yr. 
presence between [blank] Rodgers. I hope soon to quit this 
place, &: as we may probably not see one another again before 
we meet at the tribunal of our common Judge 8c Master former 
connexions 8c present feelings engage me to write to you once 
more. I meditate on an address to all serious persons ministers 
of the gospel who keep up the war in favour of Separation 

106 ZuBLY Journal 

from Great Britain & in support of France 8c papers which 
perhaps may be published & prove a testimonoy after my de- 
cease which I have daily looked for this long time: On that 
principle I acted. Mrs. Scott told me "when one shepherd bids 
us do so & another otherwise, what shall the poor sheep do?" 
I believe God pities poor harmless sheep, that are led astray Isa 
3: 12. but what will he do with their shepherds & rulers? It was 
once a national question in Israel whether to submit (not to 
their natural, but) to a heathen king & conqueror, or resist him 
at every risk; poor Jeremiah advised against the last but the 
popular was the opposite side & all the prophets took it — The 
message sent to the chief of them was very awful Jer 28:15, 16, 
17. Jeremiah was persecuted but not forsaken & had his life 
given him; the heathen acknowledged, &: Israel felt, there had 
been a prophet among them — 1 should not support any cause 
that extinguishes all friendships &: is attended with manifest 
disregard to an oath &: contempt of 8c neglect of the gospel 8c 
every thing sacred 

May a gracious God guide direct 8c succour you my own 
dear Brother &; let the lines be a testimony that you still have 
a sincere will-wisher in J. J. Z. 

Copy of a memorandum from Mrs. A. Seagrove's 
pocket book. 
John Joachim Zubly D. D. son of David 8c Helena Zubly was 
born at St. Gall in Switzerland Aug: 27th 1724. 
Ordained Aug. 19th 1744. 

Married Anne daughter of John 8c Anne Tobler 

Nov. 12th 1746. 
Died July 23d. 1781. 

The family are under the impression they were told by Mrs. 
Seagrove that her Father was buried in Savannah 8c that she 
pointed out to them in the graveyard near the North side an 
old grey gravestone which had been considerably mutilated by 
shot during the last war with Great Britain. 

[End of Mrs. Seagrove's copy book] 

ZuBLY Journal 107 

From the Collection of I. K. Tefft.^^"^ 

/No date/ [July 1775 ?] 
Dear Sir 

The first thing now necessary I now conceive to be an Ad- 
dress to the Inhabitants to make them sensible of the present 
alarming state of things and that the friends of Liberty at 
Savannah are in earnest to join in the common Cause — this 
ought to be done immediately 

As the Congress it might be proper to send such an Ad- 
dress — propose an Address to the G [Governor ?] I have one 
ready for the purpose — a Petition to the King would make 
members join that may not otherwise 8c I think they better join 
halfway than be entirely against us 

In Carolina every Person that paid tax was allowed to vote 
for delegates — 

to Dr [Noble Wimberly] Jones^^^ 

No date* [Nov. 9, 1775] 

I am now setting off for Georgia greatly indisposed. You 
will doubtless reach home before me tho you should not depart 
these ten days, in case of my prior arrival I think not to make 
any Report to our Coucil of Safety till we are all present. 

^^'Israel Keech Tefft (1794-1862) was born in Smithfield, R. I. and came to Savan- 
nah in 1816. He ran a hardware store, 1816-1819 and became owner and editor of 
the Georgian, 1819-1822. He was a clerk in the Bank of the State of Georgia, 1822-1848, 
and was its cashier, 1848-1862. He was internationally known for his autograph collec- 
tion. He was one of the founders of the Georgia Historical Society in 1839 and was its 
corresponding secretary until his death in 1862. From the Minutes of the GHS, news- 
papers, etc. 

^**'*Noble Wimberly Jones (1723-1805), physician. He was born in London and came 
to Georgia with his family in the first ship of settlers in 1733. He was Speaker of the 
House, 1768-1772, and at the outbreak of the Revolution was an ardent supporter of 
the American cause. He was a member of the Georgia Provincial Congress in 1775 
and was a delegate to the 1st and 2nd Continental Congresses. After the capture of 
Savannah in 1778 he went to Charleston where he was taken prisoner on the fall of 
that city in 1780. He was sent to St. Augustine, exchanged and went to Philadelphia 
where he was again a member of the Continental Congress. He was one of the founding 
members of the Georgia Medical Society in 1804. Northen, Men of Mark, 1:208-218. 

108 ZuBLY Journal 

I have left my case with Spirits at my Lodgings (having a 
smaller one) which I advise you to take with you well filled if 
you do not mean to drink whiskey &c by the way, it will either 
suit you or Mr Habersham. 

Should I arrive before you I will not fail to acquaint your 
friends, but I can only travel slow. 

I wish you a pleasant journey 

I am your humble Servt 
Messrs [John] Houston & [Archibald] Bulloch 

To the Honble John Houstoun Esq 
at Mrs Jacobs — 
*This letter was supposed to have been written the Evg before 
he left Phild for Geo. Judge Chase charged him with treason 
8c was to have produced the proof the morning the Dr left 

May it please your Excellency, 

It being reported that your Excellency is now to take your 
departure from this place I beg leave to represent to your Ex- 
cellency — That our place of worship which we had but just 
repaired at a considerable expense was made use of during the 
siege as a magazine which brought upon it heavy fire from the 

I beg therefore the same may now be immediately repaired 
& restored to us for divine service. That my brick house, one 
of the best in the place, has for near this twelve months been 
made use of as an hospital 8c is almost totally ruined. I have 
applied to your Excellency for the restoration 8c repair of these 
two buildings before the siege 8c your Excellency was pleased 
to give a favourable answer, of which I soon hope to feel the 
effects, as my family is exposed to great inconveniences for 
want of my house & fire-places under the approaching severe 

Another of my buildings that I rented at £12 per an has 
been used as a Lazaretto 8c is nearly destroyed I have also 
suffered greatly in other buildings to me belonging — 

ZuBLY Journal 1 09 

Few men have suffered more from the rebels, or more sev- 
erly felt the distresses of siege and army — I beg leave to men- 

That for a number of my negroes employed in the service, 
about Ebenezer &:c I never could receive pay nor certificate 8c 
have some under the same predicament now actually in the 
service — 

That during the siege 8, or more of my slaves were con- 
stantly in arms, for which I would not expect any pay but wish 
that something by way of encouragement as they have risk'd 
their lives might be allowed to themselves — 

Myself 8c son have also deliver'd all our horses, saddles &: 
carriages to the army, which at my time of life has subjected 
me to great hardships 8c the loss of our property in South 
Carolina — 

I enclose an account of the same duly attested 8c credited, 
all which I must humbly submit to your Excellency's favourable 

most respectfully remain Sir 
J.J. Zubly 
Nov. 30, 1779. 
[To Governor Sir James Wright] 

St Gall, near Savh 
April 9th 1780 

Since my return from Banishment 8c placing myself again 
under his Maj Government, I wrote you several times, but as 
several vessels 8c the Jan 8c Feb mails are lately arrived, I con- 
cluded they did not come to hand, and am happy once more 
to renew our Correspondence, the more so because I am as- 
sured by Mr Kneipt who is now with the army before Chas 
Town that you kindly enquired after me when he was in Eng- 
land last. I have not seen him as yet, but hope he may be fixed 
at Savh, partly that I may have the pleasure of his Company 8c 
partly that an honest Swiss may do King and Country justice 
in the Commissary Department. 

Many strange things have I seen since my losses are consid- 

1 1 ZuBLY Journal 

erable 8c I was attainted for Treason by the late usurpers. I can 
forgive them the more freely as I really was a thorn in their 
flesh as long as I was suffered among them. I have lost nothing 
but property 8c tho the loss of my Library really affects me, yet 
I have lost when in the course of nature I could not expect to 
enjoy much longer. I trust all that is truly valuable is still left 
me 8c nothing is so, but what no enemy can ever deprive me 
of. During the late siege myself and family have been happily 
preserved, the present generation will know the greatness of 
our danger 8c deliverance. Assure yourselves it is not owing to 
American prowess, money, skill, or members, or French assist- 
ance that the war continues so long, very different men 8c 
causes protract it. The Providence of God has interposed in 
our favour in such a manner that even professed infidels would 
blush to disown, nay solemnly confess it. I never preached a 
Thanksgiving sermon with greater pleasure, it was on Psal 
66:7.8. We expect every day to hear of the reduction of C 
Town 8c I trust the utmost efforts of one 8c the greatest inactiv- 
ity of others, would not be able were they to meet to spin it out 
much longer. 

As I am uncertain whether the money that ought to have 
been remitted to you from Switzerland is received, I shall only 
beg you would send me the London Mag. &: last Reviews since 
1776 & as I am really in want of literary food you will oblige 
me greatly by sending by the first packet any odd magazines, 
Gent 8c London excepted, (since 1760[)]. I am told there is a 
shop in Holborn 8c Grays Inn, at a penny a piece. I would wish 
to have 40, or 60 sh. worth Amusement of this kind. Tho all 
was taken from one that could be taken, I still have bread to 
eat, — raiment to put on, more due to me than I owe, peace in 
my mind 8c can bear to look within myself 8c have a heart to 
assist those in want, my enemies not execpted. A nephew of the 
Bp of St Davids lies as a wounded prisoner in my house ever 
since Oct last, he is an inoffensive lad, his Capts Commission 
only excepted. 

Yours &:c 
J. J. Zubly 

ZuBLY Journal 111 


You would doubtless think it a very indecent supposition 
that his Majesty authorized any of his officers to turn or keep 
his loyal subjects out of doors & destroy their habitations before 
their faces & expose them to great hardships for the want of 
it, needlessly 8c without any address [redress ?], this however I 
conceive has been my very hard case 8c if the fact is doubted, 
or such a right should be insisted upon, the sooner 8c more 
solemnly this question is decided the better for all loyal subjects. 

I shall accordingly wait ten days 8c if in that time proper 
Bonds are not signed to submit it to two or three impartial 
persons to be chosen between us, whether or what Indemnifica- 
tion I ought to be allowed for the injury I think I sustained, I 
shall make use of the undoubted right of every subject to seek 
redress by Law, 8c do not wish to have any altercation by word 
or letter on this subject. 

Yours &c 
J.J. Zubly 
10th Aug 80, to Capt Moon [should be Moore] 
[End of Tefft copies] 

Archibald Smith to I.K. Teffi 

Roswell Cobb Co. 27th Mar. [18]53 
Dr. Sir. 

Yours of the 21st inst is received but I am afraid I will not 
be able to give you much assistance in your effort to rescue the 
memory of Dr Zubly from oblivion. Mrs. Seagrove who resided 
in St. Marys was his Daughter and had many of his papers, but 
they were nearly all destroyed in 1812 by the British when they 
took the place. 

The few papers left I value very highly as a relic of an 
honored Ancestor; and only entrust them to you because I 
have full confidence in your care; 8c from a remembrance of 
your attention to my Father. 

From a memo, of Mrs. Seagroves you will be able to ascer- 
tain correctly the date of Dr Zubly's birth ordination &:c. My 
wifes Sister has copied from a quire book of copies of letters. 

112 ZuBLY Journal 

a few extracts, which may be useful to you. And I send you the 
rest of said book containing 10 leaves; those from which the 
extracts were taken have been retained as having contents of a 
private nature. You will perceive from the "Letter book" that 
the Doctor wrote several hands; and it will thus authenticate a 
part of a sermon which I send (4 leaves only can be found) and 
which I lay great value on, as explaining the political course 
taken by him, in withdrawing from the cause of the Colonies 
as soon as they took up arms. And altho we cannot agree with 
his judgment we must certainly honor his conscientous 

I send you 135 pages of his Journal;'-'"'^ it has always been 
impossible for me to decypher it, but I can make out, that it 
was sometimes written in Latin, 8c sometimes in English 8c 
perhaps French and German. 

You speak of having parts of his journal; how you could 
have got them I can not think as I have always tho't highly of 
it, unless they were among some sermons which I once gave to 
George Hunter. I am however glad that they have got into such 
good hands. 

The Revd. Geo. White once applied to me for these papers, 
but as I did not like to let them go out of my hands, I asked 
him to come over from Marietta to look at them; he answered 
that he had seen some of the Doctors writing, but could not 
make it out and he would not come to see them. I hope you 
will be more successful as I suppose you are ere this an adept 
at Autographs, and perhaps can obtain the aid of some learned 
German to whose eye the German text of the journal may be 

Having a good private conveyance by the hands of Mr. 
Henry Stiles I have embraced it instead of the mail, and return 
herewith the P. O. Stamp. 

With much esteem 
To L K. Tefft Esqr. Yours truly 

Savannah Archd. Smith 

[Corresponding Secretary 

Georgia Historical Society] 

■■^"^The memo of Mrs. Seagrove and the copies and extracts from JJZ's "Letter book" 
are those copied in the Appendix. The Georgia Historical Society does not have the 
10 leaves from the "Letter book," the 4 leaves of a sermon or the 135 pages of JJZ's 

ZuBLY Journal 1 1 3 



Commission Book B-1, 1754-1776; Commission Book B-2, 1781- 
1827. Photocopies at GHS of originals in the Georgia Depart- 
ment of Archives and History. 

Colonial Park Cemetery Paper; GHS ms. coll. #1011, pp. 34-35. 

Georgia Historical Society correspondence and manuscript file 
for letters of the Smith family. 

Georgia Historical Society Minute Book I, 1829-1868. 

Habersham Papers; GHS ms. coll. #337, folder 4. 

George Whitefield's Will, March 22, 1770. Certified copy signed 
by Gov. Sir James Wright and Thomas Moodie, Secty. GHS 
ms. coll. #430. 

Legislative journals 

Candler, Allen D., ed. The Colonial Records of the State of Georgia. 

Atlanta, State printers, 1904-1916. 26v. plus 14 v. in type- 

Herein cited as Col. Recs. Ga. with appropriate volume and 

page numbers. 
, The Revolutionary Records of the State of Georgia. 

Atlanta, Franklin-Turner, 1908. 3v. 

Herein cited as Rev. Recs. Ga. with appropriate volume and 

page numbers. 
Journal of the Commons House of Assembly, 23 April 1 750-31 August 

1751. ed. by R. N. Oldsburg. Columbia, University of S. C. 

Press, C.1974. 
Library of Congress J oiirnals of the Coyitinental Congress, 1774- 

1789. ..V. Ill, 1775, September 21 -December 30. Washington, 

Govt. Print. Off, 1908. 

Other primary printed sources 

Abstracts of the Colonial Wills of the State of Georgia. Spartanburg, 
S. C, The Reprint Co., 1981. 

An Account of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Lon- 
don, J. Oliver, 1748. 74pp. 

Brumbaugh, Gains Marcus. Maryland Records. Lancaster, Pa., 
William & Wilkins Co., 1915-1931. 2 v. 

114 ZuBLY Journal 

Burnett, Edmond C, ed. Letters of Members of the Continental 
Congress. V. I, August 29, 1774, to July 4, 1776. Washington, 
Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1921. 

Cordle, Charles C, ed. "The Will of Dr. John Joachim Zubly". 
GHQ 22:384-390. Contains some personal and genealogical 

Coulter, Ellis Merton, ed. A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia, 
ed. by E. M. Coulter and A. B. Saye. Athens, University of 
Ga. Press [1949] 

A Digest of the Laws of the State of Georgia, from its First Establish- 
ment as a British Province, Down to the Year 1798, Inclusive..., 
by Robert and George Watkins. Philadelphia, R. Aitken, 

Ebenezer Record Book. Trans, by A. G. Voight; ed. by C. A. Linn. 
Savannah, C. A. Linn, 1929. 

Faust, A. B. List of Swiss Emigrants in the Eighteenth Century to the 
American Colonies. Washington, National Genealogical Soci- 
ety, 1920- 1925. 2v. 

Force, Peter, ed. American Archives. 4th ser. v. 2, col, 1557-1567. 
This contains JJZ's "Law of Liberty" sermon. 

Ford, William Chauncey, comp. British Officers Serving in the 
American Revolution, 1774-1784. Brooklyn, N.Y., History 
Printing Club, 1897. 

Georgia Historical Society. Collections. Savannah, Pub. by the 
Society, 1842-1980. Herein cited as Colls. GHS with appropri- 
ate volume and page numbers. 

Great Britain — War Office. A List of all the Officers of the Army... 
War Office, 30 June 1780. 

[Hazard, Ebenezer] yowr/za/ of Ebenezer Hazard, ed. by H. Roy 
Mehrens. SCH Mag. 73:177-193. 

Historical Records Survey. Wills, Chatham County, Georgia. 1817- 
1826, Book F; 1827-1839, Book G. Typewritten manuscripts 

Holcomb, Brent H. Probate Records of South Carolina. Vol. 2. 
Easley, S. C, Southern Historical Press, c. 1978. 

, South Carolina Marriages, 1699-1799, Baltimore, 

Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980. 

Knight, Lucian Lamar, comp. Georgia's Roster of the Revolution. 
Atlanta, Index Printing Co., 1918. 

ZuBLY Journal 1 1 5 

Magruder, James Jr. Maryland Colonial Abstracts, 1772-1777 . 

Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968. 
Moore, Caroline T., comp. and ed. Abstracts of the Wills of South 

Carolina, 1760-1784. Columbia, R. L. Bryan Co., c. 1969. 

This book must be used with caution. There are many errors 

in transcription of personal and place names. 
Muhlenberg, Henry Melchior. The Journals of Henry Melchior 

Muhlenberg. Trans, by T. G. Tappert &: J. W. Doberstein. 

Published by Evangelical Ministerium of Pennsylvania and 

Adjacent States. Philadelphia, Muhlenberg Press, 1942-1958. 

Pruitt, J. C. G. Revolutionary War Pension Applicants who Served 

from South Carolina. [Fairfax County, Va., Pub. by the author, 

Salley, Alexander S., comp. Death Notices in the South Carolina 

Gazette, 1732-1775. Columbia, South Carolina Historical 

Commission, 1917. 
, Marriage Notices in the South Carolina Gazette and 

its successors (1732-1801). Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing 

Co., 1965. Reprint ed. 

South Carolina Provincial Troops. Baltimore, 

Genealogical Publishing Co., 1977. Reprint ed. 
[Smith, Richard] Diary of Richard Smith in the Continental Co7i- 

gress, 1775-1776. Amer. Hist. Rev., I (Jan. 1896); pp. 288ff. 
[Stiles, Ezra] The Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles, ed. by F. B. Dexter. 

II (1901), p. 10. 
[Tobler, John] John Tobler's Description of South Carolina (1753), 

trans, and ed. by W. L. Robbins. SCH Mag., 71:141-161, 

[Ward, Samuel] Diary of Governor Samuel Ward/ Dele gate from 

Rhode Island/... Mag. of Amer. Hist. I (July 1877), pp. 438ff. 
Warren, Mary Bondurant. Citizens and Immigrants — South 

Carolina, 1768. Danielsville, Ga., Heritage Press, 1980. 
, South Carolina Jury Lists, 1718 through 1783. 

Danielsville, Ga., Heritage Press, c. 1977. 
Webber, Mabel L., comp. Death Notices in the South Carolina 

Gazette, 1766-1774. Bound with Salley, Death Notices... op. cit. 
Whitefield, George. Works of the Rev. George Whitefield. London, 

1771. V. III. 

116 ZuBLY Journal 

Zubly, John Joachim. The Christians Gain in Death, Representing 
a Funeral Sermon, Preached at Purysbourg, in South Carolina, 
Jan. 28, 1770, at the Interment of Mr. Jacob Waldburger. Savan- 
nah, James Johnston, 1770. 

, An Account of the Remarkable Conversion ofjachiel 

Hirshel, from the Jewish to the Christian Religion. Savannah, 
James Johnston, 1770. 

The Faithful Minister's Course Finished. A Funeral 

Sermon Preached on August the 4th, 1 773, in the Meeting at Mid- 
way in Georgia, at the Interment of the Rev. John Osgood, A. M., 
Minister of that Congregation. Savannah, Ga., James Johnston, 
The GHS has a copy of this publication. 

The Law of Liberty. A Sermon on American Affairs, 

Preached at the Opening of the Provincial Congress of Georgia, 
Addressed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Dartmouth. With an 
Appendix Giving Concise Account of the Struggles of Swisserland 
to Recover Their Liberty. London, Reprinted for J. Almon, 

The GHS has a copy of this reprint edition; the original 
edition was published in Philadelphia by H. Miller, 1775. 
, A Letter to the Reverend Samuel Frink, A. M., Rector 

of Christ Church Parish in Georgia, Relating to Some Fees De- 
manded of Some of his Dissenting Parishioners. [Savannah, James 
Johnston, 1770 ?] Reprinted in Philadelphia by H. Miiller, 

To the Grand Jury of the County of Chatham, State 

of Georgia. Savannah, October 8, 1777. 2 page leaflet. 
The GHS has a copy of this publication. 

The Wise Shining at the Brightness of the Firma- 

ment... A Funeral Sermon, Preached at Savannah in Georgia, 
November 11th, 1770, on the Much Lamented Death of the Rev. 
George Whitefield, A.M. Savannah, James Johnston, 1770. 

"A Warm ^ Zealous Spirit:" John Joachim Zubly 

and the American Revolution. A Selection of his Writings, ed. by 
R. M. Miller. Macon. Ga., Mercer University Press, c. 1982. 

ZuBLY Journal 117 

Secondary sources 

Abbot, William Wright. The Royal Governors of Georgia, 1 754- 

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Axley, Lowry. Holding Aloft the Torch: a History of the Independent 

Presbyterian Church of Savannah, Georgia. Savannah, 1958. 
Bailey, J. D. Some Heroes of the American Revolution. Spartanburg, 

S. C, Band & White, 1924. 
Bolton, C. B. and R. P. Bolton. The Family of Bolton in England 

and America, 1100-1894. N. Y., Privately printed, 1895. 
Brown, Richard Maxwell. The South Carolina Regulators. Cam- 
bridge, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1963. 
Bulloch, James Gaston Baillie. History and Genealogy of the 

Families of Bulloch, Stobo, De Veaux, Irvine, etc. Savannah, Braid 

& Hutton, 1892. 
Burt, V. B. and W. F. Barnard. Barnard: History of one Branch 

of the Barnard family. Gordo, Ala., Barnard Printing Co., 

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Clark's Famous 250 Year Perpetual Calendar Covering the Years 

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Bibliography, Easley, S. C, Southern Historical Press, 1981. 
Daniel, Marjorie. "John Joachim Zubly — Georgia Pamphleteer 

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Davis, Henry Alexander. Some Huguenot Families of South 

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Elliott, Stephen. 
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Schenck, 1817-1824. 2v. 

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Elzas, B. A. The Jews of South Carolina. Philadelphia, Lippincott, 

Fisher, Charles F., comp. Catalogue of the Entire Collection of Au- 
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Hanger, G. D. The Tragic Career of Peter De Laney, Jr. Trans. 
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Headley, J. T. The Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution. N. Y., 
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Hewat, Alexander. An Historical Account of the Rise and Progress 
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Part One, Colonial and Revolutionary. Camden, S. C, Kershaw 
County Historical Society, 1936. Reprint ed. 

Landrum, J. P. O. Colonial and Revolutionary History of Upper 
South Carolina... Greenville, Shannon &: Co., 1897. 

Lawrence, Alexander Atkinson. Storm Over Savannah... Athens, 
University of Ga. Press, c. 1951. 

Leiding, Harriette Kershaw. Purrysburg, a Swiss-French Settlement 
in South Carolina on the Savannah River. Trans. Hug. Soc. of S. 
C. #39, pp. 27-29. 

ZuBLY Journal 119 

Levy, B. H. Savannah's Old Jewish Community Cemeteries. Macon, 
Ga., Mercer University Press, c. 1983. 

McCall, Hugh. The History of Georgia. Savannah, Seymour & 
Williams, 181 1-1816. 2v. 

McCrady, Edward. The History of South Carolina. N. Y., Macmil- 
lan, 1897-1902. 4v. 

Martin, Roger A. John J. Zubly: Preacher, Planter, and Politician. 
A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the University 
of Georgia in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Doctor 
of Philosophy. Athens, Ga., 1976. Authorized facsimile pro- 
duced by microfilm xerography in 1977. 

The author relied heavily upon a rough unfinished draft 
of an early transcript of JJZ's journal. Where he used quota- 
tion marks his transcripts are accurate. Unfortunately he em- 
bellished the material with commentary of his own which 
distorts the character of JJZ. 

Meriwether, Robert Lee. The Expansion of South Carolina, 1729- 
1865. Kingsport, Tenn., Southern Pub., 1940. 

Neuffer, Claude Henry, ed. Names in South Carolina, 1954-1983. 
Spartanburg, S. C., Reprint Co., 1983. 30v. in 4v. 

Orvin, M. C. Berkeley County, South Carolina, 1671-1900. Char- 
leston, Comprint, c. 1973. 

Orvin, W. Holmes and Peter Rohrbach. Stagecoach East: ... 
Washington, Smithsonian Institute Press, 1983. 

Perkins, Eunice Ross. "John Joachim Zubly, Georgia's Con- 
scientious Objector". GHQ, 15:313-323. 

Rogers, George C, Jr. The Huguenots of the old Beaufort District. 
Trans. Hug. Soc. of S. C, #85, pp. 1-13. 

Savannah's Writers Project. Savannah River Plantations. Savan- 
nah, Georgia Historical Society, 1947. 

Siebert, Wilbur Henry. Loyalists in East Florida, 1774-1785... De- 
land, Fla., Florida State Historical Society, 1929. 2v. 

Smith, H. A. M. The Administration of Justice in South Carolina. 
Charleston, S. C. Year Book, 1885, pp. 314-330. 

Stern, M. H. First American Jewish Families, 1654-1977. Cincin- 
nati, American Jewish Archives, 1978. 

, Americans of Jewish Descent. Cincinnati, Hebrew 

Union College Press, 1960. 

120 ZuBLY Journal 

Stevens, Willam Bacon. A History of Georgia. N.Y., Appleton, 

1847. V.l. 
Strickland, Reba C. Religion and the State in Georgia in the 18th 

Century. N. Y., Columbia University Press, 1939. 
Strobel, P. A. The Salzburgers and Their Descendants... Baltimore, 

Kurtz, 1855. 
Thomas, Isaiah. The History of Printing in America, N. Y., Weath- 

ervane Books, 1970. Reprint ed. 
Tyler, Leon Gardner, ed. Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography... N. 

Y., Lewis Publishing Co., 1915. 5v. 
Waring, Joseph I. A History of Medicine in South Carolina, 1670- 

1823. [Charleston] South Carolina Medical Association 

Wheeler, John Hill. Historical Sketches of North Carolina from 

1384 to 1834. Baltimore, Regional Publishing Co., 1964. 2v. 

in Iv. Reprint ed. 
Weis, Frederick Lewis. The Colonial Churches of the Middle and 

Southern Colonies, 1607-1776. Lancaster, Mass., Society of De- 
scendants of the Colonial Clergy, 1938. 
, The Colonial Clergy of Maryland, Delaware and 

Georgia. Lancaster, Mass., Society of Descendants of the Co- 
lonial Clergy, 1950. 

The Colonial Clergy of the Middle Colonies: New 

York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 1628-1776. Worcester, 
Mass., American Society of the Colonial Clergy, 1957. 

The Colonial Clergy of Virginia, North Carolina and 

South Carolina. Boston, Society of Descendants of the Colo- 
nial Clergy, 1955. 
White, George. Historical Collections of Georgia... 3d ed. N. Y., 
Pudney &: Russell, 1853. 

Maps, atlases and gazetteers 

An Accurate Map of North and South Carolina with their Indian 
Frontiers... From actual surveys by Henry Mouzon and 
others. Paris, 1777. 

A Map of South Carolina and a Portion of Georgia... Composed 
from surveys taken by the Hon. William Bull [et al] and the 
author, William De Brahm.. .London, T.Jeffreys, 1757. 

ZuBLY Journal 121 

A Map of South Carolina and Parts Adjacent, Shewing the Movements 
of the American and British Armies. In Pruitt, /?^y. War Pensions. 

Sketch of the Northern Frontiers of Georgia, Extending from the Mouth 
of the River Savayinah to the Town of Augusta. By Archibald 
Campbell. London, Wm. Faden, 1780. 

Southern Section of the United States Including Florida ^c. By John 
Melish, 1816. 

Baldwin, Thomas and J. Thomas. A New and Complete Gazetteer 
of the Ujiited States... Philadelphia, Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 

Chapin, William. A Complete Reference Gazetteer to the United States 
of North America... N. Y., Phelps & Ensign, 1840. 

Cumming, William Patterson. The Southeast in Early Maps... 
Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1958. 

Fisher, R. S. A New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States of 
America... N. Y., J. H. Colton, 1853. 

Gannett, Henry. A Gazetteer of Maryland and Delaware. Balti- 
more, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. Reprint ed. 

Lippincotfs New Gazetteer... of the World... ed. by Angelo and Louis 
W. Helprin. Philadelphia, Lippincott, ca. 1912. 

Melish, John. The Traveller s Directory Through the United States... 
Philadelphia, Printed for the author, T. & G. Palmer, Print- 
ers, 1816. pp. 51-70, 75-86. 

Mills, Robert. Mills Atlas of South Carolina: an Atlas of the Districts 
of South Carolina in 1825. Comp. by Robert Mills... Columbia, 
Robert Pearce Wilkins and John D. Kells, Jr., c. 1965. Re- 
print ed. 

Morse, Jedidiah and Richard C. Morse. A New Universal Gazet- 
teer, or Geographical Dictionary... 4th ed. rev. and corrected. 
New Haven, S. Converse, 1823. 

Encyclopedias, bibliographies and biographical compilations 

Appletons Cyclopaedia of American Biography, ed. by J. G. Wilson 
and John Fiske, 1888. 

Coleman, Kenneth and C.S. Gurr, eds.. Dictionary of Georgia 
Biography Athens, University of Georgia Press, c. 1983. 2v. 

Dictionary of American Biography. N. Y., Scribners for the Amer- 
ican Council of Learned Societies, 1964. 11 v. plus Iv. index. 

122 ZuBLY Journal 

Herein cited as DAB with appropriate volume and page 

Dictionary of National Biography. N. Y. and London, Macmillan, 
1908-1909. 21v. plus 2 Supplements. 

Herein cited as DNB with appropriate volume and page 

Edgar, W. B. and N. L. Bailey. Biographical Directory of the South 
Carolina House of Representatives, 1692-1775. Columbia, Uni- 
versity of S. C. Press, 1977. 

Encyclopaedia Britannica. Chicago, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 
Inc., 1958. 24v. The 11th ed., 1910-1911, was also used. 

Gould, Christopher and Richard Parker Morgan, comps. South 
Carolina Imprints, 1731-1800. Santa Barbara, CA., ABC-Clio 
Information Services, 1985. 

Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History... N. Y., Harper 
Bros., 1902. lOv. 

Knight, Lucian Lamar. A Standard History of Georgia and Geor- 
gians. Chicago, Lewis Publishing Co., c. 1917. 6v. 

The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. N. Y., James T. 
White & Co., 1898-1920. 17v. plus Index and Conspectus 

Northen, William J., ed. Men of Mark in Georgia. Atlanta, A. B. 
Caldwell, 1907-1912. 7v. 

Reynolds, E. B. and J. R. Faust, comps. Biographical Directory of 
the Senate of the State of South Carolina, 1771-1964. Columbia, 
South Carolina Archives Dept., 1964. 

Sabin, Joseph, et al. Bibliotheca Americana... Amsterdam, N, Is- 
rael (Publishing Department), 1962. v. XXIX. 

Newspapers and periodicals 

Belfast News Letter. 

Photocopy of extracts from this newspaper, 1763-1776, rela- 
tive to the Irish immigration to Georgia. 

Gazette of the State of Georgia, July 28, 1785. 

Georgia Gazette, Sept. 20, 1775; Nov. 29, 1775; Nov. 3, 1796. 

Royal Georgia Gazette, April 12, 1781; July 26, 1781; July 28- 
Aug. 1, 1781. 

Savannah Morning News, ]?in. 14, 1886. 

ZuBLY Journal 1 23 

The Georgia Historical Quarterly. Savannah, Pub. by the Georgia 

Historical Society, 1917 to date. 

Herein cited as GHQ with appropriate volume and page 

numbers cited. 
Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings, 1864-1865. Boston, 

Pub. for the Society, 1866. pp. 214-219. 
South Carolina Historical Magazine . Charleston, Pub. by the S. C. 

Historical Society, 1930-date. 

It was formerly the South Carolina Historical and Genealogical 


Herein cited as SCH Mag. with appropriate volume and page 

Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina. Charleston, 

Pub. by the Society, 1885(?)-date. 

Herein cited as Trans. Hug. Soc. of S. C. with appropriate 

volume and page numbers. 


ZuBLY Journal 


Abrahams, Anne, 76 

Acrostic, Helvetius, 101 

Acton, ix, X, 77, 78 

Adams, John, xiv 

Adkin River. See Yadkin River 

Alamance, NC, 16n 

Alexandria, VA, 54, 55 

Allen, Col., 76 

Allen, Moses, 31, 32, 33 

Alison (Allison), Hugh, 2, 104 

Allison, Mrs., 53, 61 

American University, 37 

Amman, John Conrad, 5n 

Ammon, Mr., 14 

Andrew, Benjamin, 75, 79 

Anne Street (Savannah, GA) xv 

Armstrong children, 78 

Asbury children, 29 

Ashepoo, SC, 14, 25, 61, 97 

Ashley River, SC, 18 

Asia (man of war), 37 

Augusta, GA, 21, 30 

Avery, Mr., 50 

Bachler children, 64 

Bachler, Elizabeth, 64 

Bachler, Gaston (Gordon?), 64 

Bacot, A., 89 

Balch, Hezekiah James, 50 

Baldwin, Mr., 92 

Baltimore, MD, 54, 55 

Banister River and Bridge, VA, 57 


Abraham, Anne, 76 

Armstrong: Margaret, John, J , 

Agnes, 78 
Ashberry: Anne, William, John, Jane, 

Mary, Enoch, Esther, 29 
Barksdale: Elizabeth, Thomas, Mary, 

Bachler: Gaston (Gordon?), John, 64 
Bradley: James, John, Mary, 29 
Breler (Breher): Janvius, Winfey, 

Absolom, James, 64 
Brisbane, Elizabeth, 30 
Brown, Catherine, 73 
Campbell: Mary, James, Judith, 77 
Clark: Henry, Catherine, 65 
Coke: Daniel, Jeremy, Lawrence, 

Mary, 70 
Cowper: Margarette, Basil, Mary, 70 
Daniel: William, Jos(eph), Elizab(eth), 

Davidson: Alexander, Anne, 92 
Dickey (?): Mary, William, Jane, 20 

Dudley: Mary, Anne, Richard, 65 

Field, Richard, 60 

Fulford, Anne, 78 

Fullerton: Catherine, John E., 18 

Garnett: Thomas, Joseph, Sarah, 67 

Garvey: Henry, John, Elizabeth, 65 

Galache (?), , 76 

Gibbons: Thomas, William, Valery, 70 
Govaby: Catherine, Thomas, Ravenel, 

Griggs: Jane, John, 76 
Hayne (Hane): John, Conrad, 

Cornelia, 98 
Hicks: Martha, Daniel, 20 
Holbrook: Jacob, Mary, 71 
Huggins: Anne, John, 29 
Humbert: Catherine, Melchior, 

Sophia, 69 
Jay: John, Richard, Martha, 28 
Jervey: Robert, Agnes, 95 
Johnston: Jane, Lily, Helena, Jacob, 

Amos, 67 
Jones (?): James, 73 
Keal: John, Joseph, Mary, 70 
Knowland: Anne, Mary, Andrew, 

Elizabeth, 76 
Laton (?): Richard, Robert, Catherine, 

Legare: Daniel, Joseph, Sarah, 15; 

Elizabeth, Joseph, Sarah, 31 
Lewis: Joseph, David, 70 
McLeod, Mr., 78 
Martinangel, Philip, 71 
Milby: Susanne, Aquila, Harriette, 64 
Miles: Mary, Daniel (David), 20 
Muckenfuss (?): Mary, Patrick, Lettice, 

Negro children, 64 
People (Peeple): Thomas, Susanne, 

James, 65 
Potter: David, Else (?), John, 20 
Ravot: Harriette, Abraham, Hart, 65 
Raymond: John, Christian, 70 
Rivers: Daniel, Val (Vol?), 20 
Roberts; Joseph, Peter, Anne, 65; 

William, John 98 
Scott, Jane, 68, 69 
Stafford: Elizabeth, William, Anne, 

Alfred, Seth, Ruth, 64; Ezekiel, 

Jack (?), Martha, 67 
Stevens: Elizabeth, Anne, Richard, 

Mary, 69 
Sturzenegger, Johan, 30 
Thomas: William, Jacob, 87 

ZuBLY Journal 


Trenholm, William, 29 

Turquand, Sophia, 69 

Vaigneux, Elizabeth, 69 

Vickers: Abraham, Melchioi , Mary, 

Vollaton, Moses, 76 

Walter: Mary, Elizabeth, 64 

Wiggins: Mary, Jane, Martha, 82 

Williams, James, 92 

Winkler, Joseph, 66 

Winn (?): Sarah, Richard, Anne, 65 

Wright, Catherine, , 76 

Bard, Ann Zubly (daughter of J.J. Zubly), 

xi, 79 
Bard, Peter, xin, 36, 37, 42, 43, 79, 89, 91 
Barksdale children, 28 
Barksdale, Mary, 28 
Barnard, Edward, 21, 30 
Barnard, John, 81 
Bartram, John, 28 
Bask (man of war), 37 
Bates, Rev. Mr., 24, 25 
Battier, Mr., 92 
Beale, Col., death of, 26, 27 
Beal's Crossroad, 55 
Beaver Dam, NC, 59 
Bee, Joseph, 15, 16, 19, 25, 26, 27, 30, 32 
Beech (Beach) Island, SC, 27 
Bell, Helen Zubly Tobler (daughter of J.J. 

Zubly), lOn 
Bellamy, Joseph, 25 
Bentley's Tavern, MD, 46, 56 
Berel, Mrs., 5 
Bernard. See Barnard 
Bethesda Orphan House (Savannah, 

GA), 2, 3, 4n, 5, 8, 19, 24, 26, 27 
Bird Ordinary. See Byrd Ordinary 
Black Horse Tavern, PA, 56n 
Black Swamp, SC, 61, 66, 72, 73 
Bladensburg, MD, 55 

Bolton, , 23 

Bond, Thomas, 2 

Bordels. See Burdells 

Bordentown, NJ, 39 

Boston, MA, 37 

Boswell's, Col., VA, 57 

Boudinot, Elias, 39 

Bourquin, Maj., 73 

Bowen, Ben, 79 

Bradley children, 29 

Bradley's House, VA, 47, 55, 56 

Breler children, 64 

Brisbane, Elizabeth, 30 

Bristol, PA, 39 

Broughton, T(homas), 53, 61 

Brown, Catherine, 73 

Bruce, George, 88 

Brunner, Capt., 44 

Brussels Creek, 58 

Bryan, Mr., 25 

Buck (Bucks) Tavern, PA, 55 

Bull, William, 7 

Bullman, John, 17 

Bulloch, Archibald, 9, 39, 75, 108 

Burdells (Bordels), 53, 60 

Burke, Mr., 9 

Byrd (Bird) Ordinary, 54, 55, 57 

Caldwell, James, 11, 12, 19, 37, 42, 43, 
48, 57 

Calhoun, Patrick, 6 

Camden, SC, 50, 60 

Campbell children, 77 

Campbell, Charles, Lord (Governor of 
SC), xiv, 26 

Campbell, Serg., 66 

Cape Fear River, NC, 52, 87 

Casdet, Matthew, 22, 30 

Chalybeate Waters, PA, 40 

Charleston (Charlestown), SC, men- 
tioned, 1, 3, 9, 10, 11, 15, 19, 24, 30, 
31, 32, 79, 100, 101; Luthern Church 
statistics, 12; population in 1773, 27; 
skirmish at, 49, 50. 

Charleston, MD, 54 

Charlotte, NC, 50 

Charlotte Courthouse (Charlottesville), 
VA, 48, 55 

Chase, Samuel, xiv-xv, 44, 108 

Chester, PA, 54 

Chines, 54 

Clark children, 65 

Christiana (Christena), DE, 54 

Clark, Sarah, 65 

Clark, Thomas, 65 

Clarke, Mr., 92 

Clay, Joseph, 67 

Clear Creek, NC, 59 

Coke children, 70 

Colcock, Mr., 69 

Commodities, scarce in countryside, 48 

Congaree River, SC, 60 

Cook, Mr., 53 

Cooper, 54 

Cooper, Mrs., 87 

Coosawhatchee, SC, 61 

Cordes, Mr., 60 

Cordres (?) Bridge, MD, 46 

Corley's Ferry, Santee River, SC, 52 

Cornwallis, Charles, Gen., 84, 93, 95 

Council of Safety, (GA) xiii, 42, 44, 90 

Courtney, John, 89 

Cowper, (Basil), 91 


ZuBLY Journal 

Cowper children, 70 

Crossly's (Crosby) house, 7 

Cubb's and Cubb Creek, VA, 57 

Culliessen, Mr., 46, 54, 56 

Cunningham, Robert, 52, 84, 85 

Cuthbert, James, Dr., 1 

Cyrus (servant), 81 

DaCosta, Isaac , 12-13, 16, 28-29 

Dan River, VA and NC, 58 

Daniel children, 64 

Davidson children, 92 

Davidson, Robert, Rev., 40 

Davies, (John?), 61 

DeBrahm, John Gerar William, map of 

SC, 11 
Deep River, NC, 58 
Delancy, Peter, 18n 
Dickey children, 20 
Dillon, Mr., 73 
Dixen (Dixon) Ferry, VA, 58 
Dorchester, SC, 53, 61 
Drayton, Stephen, 6 
Driggers case, 13 
Duche, Jacob, 42 
Dudley, Anne, 65 
Dudley children, 65 
Dudley, Richard, 65 
Duffield, George, 36, 41, 43 
Dupont, Cornelius, 70 
Ebenezer, schism mentioned, 24 
Eccles, Edward, 4, 24 
Edmonds (Edmunds), James, 34, 35, 94, 

Edwards, John (?), 11, 13, 14 
Elizabethtown, NJ, 38, 39 
Elk, Head of, VA, 54, 55 
Elk Ridge Landing, 55 
Elk Run Church, VA, 55 
Ellerbee (Ellerby), Mr., 51, 60 
Ellington, Edward, 10 
Ellis, William (?), 6 
Endeman, Maj., Hessian officer at 

Savannah, 81 
Erastus, Thomas, 25 
Eutaw Springs, SC, 60 
Ewen, William, 43 
Ferry (Eery), James, 48, 58 
Field, Mary, 64 
Field, Richard, 64 
Fields Tavern, VA, 56 
Finlay (Finley), Alexander, 40 
Fletchall, Thomas, 49 
Fords Ordinary, NC, 59 
Fort Moore, SC, 20, 21 
Fothergill, John, 28 
Foushe, Charles, 69 

Frederick (Fredericktown), MD, 46, 54, 

Frink, Samuel, 15, 17 
Fulford, Abraham, 78 
Fulford, Anne, 78 
Fullerton children, 18 

Gadsden, Christopher, 3, 4, 11, 12, 44 

Gage, Thomas, Gen., 37 

Galache, , 76 

Galphin, George, 20, 22, 23 

Garden, Alexander, Dr., 5. 7, 18, 85 

Garden, Benjamin, Col., 72-73 

Garnett children, 67 

Garvey children, 65 

George, The (tavern), NC, 59 

Georgetown, MD, 55, 57 

Georgia, in the hands of the British, 75, 

Germantown, PA, 40, 45, 54 

Gibbons children, 70 

Gibbons, Sarah (?), 77, 87 

Gimberley's, SC, 60 

Giroud, Daniel Lewis, 7, 9, 30 

Glen, John (?), 79 

Godfrey's Savannah, SC, 61 

Goochland Courthouse, VA, 54 

Goose Creek, VA, 56 

Gordon, Thomas Knox, 27 

Gourlay, James, 32, 97 

Govaby children, 65 

Graham, John or James, 31 

Grahams, NC, 59 

Greene, Nathanael, Gen., 95n 

Griggs children, 76 

Guilford Courthouse, NC, 49, 58, 95n 

Habersham, John, 108 

Haircome, Mr., 25 

Halifax, VA, 48, 57 

Hall, Lyman, 35 

Haly (Haley), John, Dr., 18 

Hampstead, ixn, x 

Hancock, John, 39, 40 

Hanging Rock, SC, 51, 59 

Hanover, MD, 46 

Hartford, MD, 54 

Harrison, Benjamin, 55 

Harrison, James, Rev., 97 

Hart, Oliver, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15, 17, 18, 
19, 24, 25, 26, 30, 32, 34, 91 

Hart, Oliver, Mrs., 91 

Hastings, Selena, Countess of Hun- 
tingdon, 27 

Haw River, NC, 49, 58 

Hayne, Abram, 34, 50, 58, 61 

Hayne (Hane) children, 98 

Hayne, Miss, 13 

ZuBLY Journal 


Heard, Malcolm, 91 

Helmuth, Rev. Mr., 45 

Henderson, Richard, 49 

Henri, Margaret Jean, 26 

Heron, James (?), 21, 23 

Hessians, in Savannah, 77, 80 

Hewat, Alexander, 95 

Hewat, Mrs., death of, 53 

Heyward, Mr., 97-98 

Hicks children, 20 

Hicks, John, 20 

Hicks, Mary, 20 

Hicks, Whithead (Mayor of New York 

City), 38 
Highrider, Mr., 22 
Hill, Mr., 36, 59, 61 
Hinde (Hinds), John, 89, 91 
Hinds, Luke, II, 12 
Hirshel, Jachiel, 13 
Hoes Ferry, (MD?), 54 
Holbrook children, 71 
Holmes, Elizabeth, death of, 26 
Holmes, John, 12n, 19 
Holzendorff, John, 66 
Hopkins, Mrs., 77 
Horse Tavern (?), MD, 56 
Housekneckt, George, 1 
Houstoun, John, xivn, 39, 108 
Hudleston, Dr., 79 
Hudson (Hutson), Robert, 25 
Huggins children, 29 
Humbert children, 69 
Hunter, George Wallace, iii, viii, 112 
Hunter's Place, SC, 52, 60 
Hutson, Joseph, 87 
Hutson, Thomas, 25 
Independent Presbyterian Church, 

Savannah, GA, xi, xv, 76, 99 
Irvin, Mr., 18 

Jachiel. See Hirshel, Jachiel 
Jacksons Branch, 59 
Jacksonboro (Jacksonborough), SC, 96 
James River, VA, 47, 57 
James Swamp, VA, 56 
Jay children, 24 
Jeaneret, Mary, 69 
Jefferson, Benjamin, 73 
Jefferson Elk Island, 55 
Jenkins, Edward, Rev., 76 
Jervey children, 95 
Jervey, James, 95 
Jervey, Mary, 95 
Jews, DaCosta re beliefs of, 13, 16, 28-29 

Johnston, , 93 

Johnston children, 67 
Johnston, Elizabeth, 67 

Johnston, Nathan, 67 

Jones, Charles Colcock, xv 

Jones (?), James, 73 

Jones, Noble Wimberly, 107 

Jordan, James, 2, 8 

Julienson (?), Col., 44 

Jurastus. See Erastus, Thomas 

K trees. See Kalmia Latifolia 

Kalmia Latifolia, 48 

Keal children, 70 

Kilpatrick (Killpatrick), Rev., 25 

King, John, 35 

King of Prussia Tavern, PA, 46 

Kings Arms Tavern, PA, 45, 55 

Kings College, New York City, 37, 38 

Kings Road, SC, 1 

Kirkland, Samuel, 43 

Kneipt, Mr., 109 

Knowland children, 76 

Knox, William, 92 

Kraftt, Mr., 92 

Kunze, Rev. Mr., 45 

Lambert, John, 10 

Lambol (Lamboll), Thomas, 13, 27, 28 

Lancaster, PA, 45, 54, 55 

La Nonianche, Dr., 40 

Laton children, 77 

Laudanum, J.J. Zubly taking, 89, 90, 91, 

92, 93, 94, 95 
Laurens, Henry, 5, 6, 7 
Lee, Richard Henry, 44 
Lee, Thomas, 52, 60 
Leesburg (Leesborough), VA, 46, 54. 56 
Lefore's Commentaries, 47 
Legare children, 15, 31 
Legare, Daniel, 7, 8, 9, 11 
Legare, James (?), 33 
Legge, William, Lord Dartmouth, 39 
Lewis children, 70 
Lewis, John (?), 24, 64, 67, 69, 73 
Lexington, battle of, mentioned, 36 
Lichtensteger, Mr., 31 
Lindsey (Linsey, Lindsay), Dr., 50, 58 
Little's Place, SC, 60 
Little's Town, MD, 46, 53 
Livingston, Philip, 37, 38 
Lord, Andrew, 5, 6, 7, 10, 31, 32 
Lunenburg, VA, 54 
Lynch, John, Dean of Canterbury, 5 
McAuley, Anne, 87 
McCall, Hugh, xiv, xvn 
McDaniel, Mr., 48 
McGuire, Elizabeth, 91 
Mcintosh, Mr., 95 

McKee, , 22 

McLeod, Mr., 78 


ZuBLY Journal 

McPherson, Alexander, 94 
McPherson, Catherine, 94 
McQueen, John (?), 28 
McWorter, Alexander, 37 
MacKay's Creek, 1 
Maidenhead, NJ, 36 
Mains, Mrs., 97 
Maltby, John, 2, 8 
Marcushook, DE, 35 

Bolton, mar. Kendall Savage, 

Courtney, John mar. Mary Taylor, 89 
Fouche, Charles mar. Mary Elizabeth 

Jeaneret, 69 
Heard, Malcolm, Serg. mar. Elizabeth 

McGuire, 91 
Hutson, Joseph mar. Anne McAuley, 

Jefferson, Benjamin mar. Sarah 

Winburn (Winband), 73 
McPherson, Alexander mar. 
Catherine McPherson, 94 
Maurier, William mar. Asenath May, 

Meyerhoff, John mar. Mary Winkler, 

Smith, Robert mar. Janet Royal, 90 
Marshall, Daniel, 21, 24, 69 
Martin, Mr., 19, 25, 30 
Martin's Tavern, SC, 60 
Martinangel, Elizabeth, 71 
Martinangel, Philip, 71 
Mauduit, Mr., II 
Maurier, William, 69 
Mauve, Mrs., death of, 53 
May, Asenath, 69 
Mayer, Adrian, death of, 74 
Meyer, Frederick, 8, 9 
Meyerhoff, John, 72 

Middlesex, SC, Zubly's home, xiv. In, 4, 
14, 61, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 78, 79, 96 
Middlesex Island Ferry. See Zubly's Ferry 
Middleton, Arthur, 3 
Middleton, Mr., 98 
Midway, GA, 39 
Milby children, 64 
Miles children, 20 
Miller, Henry, 36 
Miller, Mr., 86 

Milligan, John, Dr., death of, 91 
Moncks Corner, SC, 53, 61 
Monocacy (Monacassee) Ferry and River, 

MD, 46, 56 
Moody, Mrs., 3, 7 
Moore, Benjamin, 37 

Moore, Thomas William, 81, III 
Moreton, Mr., 57 
Morses Mill, 23 
Muckenfuss children, 22 
Muckenfuss (messenger), 31 
Muhlenberg, Henry Melchior, xv, 35, 38, 

40, 42, 43, 45, I02n 
Myne (Mein?), Mr., 25 
Nail, Daniel, death of, 20; will, 22 
Nail, James, 29 
Nail, Mary Zubly (daughter of J.J. Zubly), 

I On, 23 
Neal (Neil?), widow, 46 
Negro children baptized, names of, 64 
Negroes, preaching to, 66-67 
Neufville (Nuvill), Paul, 29 
Nevil's, VA, 56 
New Casde, DE, 35 
New Gate, 55 
Newkilns, PA, 35 
New Windsor, SC, 19 
New York, fired upon, 37-38 
Ninety Six, SC, 22; Battle of, 48, 49-50, 

51, 52 
Norman's Ford, VA, 55 
North Carolina Regulators, 16 
North East, PA, 54 
Nowlands (Norlands, Noland) Ferry, VA, 

46, 54, 56 
Orange Courthouse, VA, 47, 54, 55, 57 
Osborn (Osborne), Alexander, 50 
Osgood, John, Rev., 84 
Parker, John, 3 
Parkers Ferry, SC, 9-10, 61 
Parten (Porten, Porter), 47, 57 
Patapsco, 55 

Patunxant Iron Works, MD, 55n 
Pattison, Mr., 50 
Paynes Ordinary, VA, 55, 57 
Pelot, Mr., I, 9, 10, 14, 24, 25, 30, 97, 

Pemberton, Israel, 44 
People (Peeple) children, 65 
People (Peeple), Elizabeth, 65 
People (Peeple), Issac, 65 
Perroneau, Mr., 86 
Perroneau, Arthur, 12, 19 
Perroneau, H., Mrs., 87 
Perroneau, Henry, 8, 26 
Pfeiffer, Col., 50, 59 
Philadelphia, J.J. Zubly reaches, 35, 40; 

summer temperature, 41 
Piercy, Richard, Rev., 24, 26 
Pilmore, Joseph, 25 
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, 1 1 
Pipe Creek, MD, 46 

ZuBLY Journal 


Pipe Creek, SC, 69, 70 

Podenbourg, 54 

Point No Point, MD, 41 

Pollack, Saloin, 29 

Pon Pon, SC, 10 

Poore, (J.W.), 13 

Porbeck, Col., 80 

Porten. See Parten 

Porter. See Parten 

Port Royal, Rappahannock Co., VA, 54 

Potomac (Potomock) River, 46 

Potter children, 20 

Prince Edward Academy, VA, 47n 

Prince Edward Courthouse, VA, 47n, 57 

Princeton, NJ, 39 

Prior, Mr., 90 

Purcel, (Robert), 17 

Purrysburg, SC, 1, 9, 10, 32, 75, 97 

Pury, John Pierre, In 

Quaro (servant), 89 

Quarterhouse, The, SC, 96 

Queensboro, GA 23 

Rabenhorst, Christian, 14, 24 

Racoon Fork, 47, 55, 57 

Rae, Mr., 23, 24 

Randolph, Peyton, death of, 42 

Rantowle, Alexander, 9 

Rapidan River, VA, 47 

Rappanahannock County, VA. 54 

Ravot children, 65 

Raymond children, 70 

Red House Tavern, VA, 46, 56 

Reedy (Ready) Fork, NC, 49, 58 

Reese (Rees), Oliver, 32, 34, 53 

Reeves, Mr., 64 

Rhorses (Ross?), Mr., 30 

Richardson, William, 14 

Richmond, VA, 54 

Rivers children, 20 

Roanoke (Roanoak) River, 48, 57 

Roberts children, 65, 98 

Roberts, Mr., 30 

Roby River, NC, 50, 59 

Rogers, John, Dr., 36, 37, 42, 105-106 

Rose (Ross), Mr., 97 

Royal, Janet, 90 

Rutledge, Edward, 3, 19, 25, 27 

Rutledge, John, 65 

St. Gall, Switzerland, 106 

St. Gall ward (Savannah, GA) xv 

Sacra Coena, 13 

Sadler, John, 11, 13 

Salisbury, NC, 48, 50, 59 

Sandy Creek, VA, 57 

Santee River, SC, 60 

Santee River Swamp, SC, 52 

Saussy, David (?), 28 

Savage, Edward, 22, 30 

Savage, Kendall, 23 

Savage (Savidge), Thomas, 4 

Savannah, 10, 30, 101; J.J. Zubly arrives, 
53, 6 1 ; trouble in, 7 1 ; capture of, 79n 

Savoury, Mr., 7 

Schenck, William, 39, 42 

Schlatter, Michael, 40, 42 

Schuylkill Ferry, PA, 55 

Scots Meeting House. See Independent 
Presbyterian Church 

Scott, Mr., 31 

Scott, Mrs., 88, 106 

Scott, James, 68, 69 

Scott, Jane, 68, 69 

Scott, John, Jr., 5 

Scott, Richard (?), 69 

Screven, T(homas), 5 

Seagrove, Ann Zubly (daughter of J.J. 
Zubly), ixn, 106, 111 

Seagrove, James, xi 

Seymour, James, 20, 22, 30 

Shaw, Mrs.. 22 

Shelby, NC, 59 

Shirley, William, 31 

Simpson, Archibald, 2, 10, 14, 17, 79 

Simpson, John, 89 

Smith, Archibald, iii, viii, xv, 102 

Smith, Archibald (II), iii, vii. 111 

Smith, Archibald (III), viii, 111-112 

Smith, Arthur M., viii 

Smith, Cousin, 22, 31 

Smith, Helena Zubly (daugher of J.J. 
Zubly), viii, xv 

Smith, Js (James?), 19 

Smith, John, 75 

Smith. Mr., 13, 34, 64, 65, 68, 90 

Smith, Richard, xiv 

Smith, Robert, 90 

Smith, Rev. Mr., 19, 87 

Smith, Samuel Stanhope, 47, 48 

Smith's Academy, VA, 47 

Snowdens Iron Works, 55 

Society for Promoting Christian Knowl- 
edge, 92, 105 

South Carolina, map of, 6; militia will not 
muster, 73; expedition against SC 
given up, 78; in the hands of the 
British, 103 

Spreber, Chr., 59 

Sprecher, Mr., 50, 59 

Sproat, James, 35. 36, 40, 41, 42, 45 

Spurgeon, 55, 56 

Stafford children, 64, 67 

Stafford, John, 64 


ZuBLY Journal 

Statiord, Susan, 64 

Stanton River, VA, 48, 57 

Stevens children, 69 

Stevens, William Bacon, xv 

Stiles, Ezra, xiv 

Stiles, (William) Henry, 112 

Stillman, Samuel, 36, 41, 42, 45 

Stobo, James (?), 34, 35 

Stockton, Richard, 39 

Stono, SC, 96 

Stono River, SC, 18 

Stony Ford, VA. 47 

Stuart, Math., 59 

Stubble Field, VA, 48, 58 

Sturzenegger, Catherine 29 

Sturzenegger, Johan, 30 

Susquehannah River, PA, 45, 54, 55 

Sutton, Joseph (?), 52, 59 

Swans (Tavern?), PA, 55 

Sweaming Creek, NC, 50, 59 

"Swiss", The, 33, 34 

Swiss Cantons, mortality lists, 20-21 

Taneytown, MD, 46, 54, 56 

Taylor Branch, 54 

Taylor, Mary, 89 

Tefft, Israel Keech, viii, 102, 107 

Tennent, William, 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 
31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 86 

Tennent, William II, 36, 39, 41, 42, 45 

Thanksgiving Proclamation, 65 

Thomas children, 87 

Thomas, Elizabeth, 87 

Thomas, Jacob, 87 

Thomas, John, 4, 8, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19, 

Thomas, Mrs., 104 
Thomson (Thompson), William, Col., 6, 

49, 52, 60 
Ticonderoga, NY, 37 
Timothy, Peter, 6n, 33, 34 
Tobler, Anne, 106 
Tobler, John, xi, 106 
Tomlin, Mr., 92 
Tracy Landing, MD, 55 
Transylvania, 49 
Trenholm, Anne, 29 
Trenholm, William, 29 
Trenton, NJ, 36 

Triebner, Christian Fredrich, 14n, 24n 
Trigg, Stephen, 46 
Tryon, William, Gov., 16, 38 
Tryon's Palace, NC, 16 
Tuiley (?), 22 
Tunno, Adam (?), 86 
Turking. See Turquand 
Turquand, Paul, 13, 21 

Turquand, Philip, 21 

Turquand, Sophia, 69 

Vaigneux, Elizabeth, 69 

Vaigneux, Lewis, 69 

Valton, Peter (?), 5 

Vanbibers Tavern, SC, 61 

Vandepeck, Capt., 38 

Vardman, Mr., 37 

Vaudin, Dr., 32 

Venable, Mr., VA, 57 

Vernonburg, ix, x 

Vickers children, 71 

Vollaton, Moses, 76 

Waddell, John, Col., 16 

Waldburger, Jacob, estate, 1,9, 10, 13, 
19, 22, 26, 30, 32, 34 

Wallace, Mr., 87 

Walter children, 64 

Walter, Elizabeth, 64 

Walter, Lewis, 64 

Wando Neck, 28, 29, 31, 32 

Ward, Samuel, xiv 

Washington, Gen., 37 

Wateree River, SC, 60 

Watkins, VA, 57 

Watson's Ordinary, SC, 55, 60 

Watt's Cathechisms, 65 

Waxhaws District, SC, 14 

Wesley, John (?), 26 

Westover, SC, 52 

West's Tavern, VA, 56 

Weyberg (Weinberg, Wyberg), Casparus 

Diederus, 35, 36, 40, 41, 42, 43, 45 
White, George, xv, 112 
Whitefield, George, 3, 4, 8, 1 1 
Wiggins children, 82 
Will, Philip, 52, 60 
Williams, James, 92 
Williamson, William, 6 
Willtown (Wiltown), SC, 8, 9, 32, 34 
Wilmington, PA, 54 
Wilson, Mary, death of, 78 
Winburn (Winband), Sarah, 73 
Winkler, Jacob, 72 
Winkler, Joseph, 66 
Winkler, Lewis, 66 
Winkler, Mary, 66, 72 
Winn children, 65 
Witherspoon, John, 32, 37, 42 
Woodson, 55 
Wright children, 76 

Wright, James, Sir., xv, 5n, 31, 108-109 
Wright, Mr., 4 

Yadkin (Adkin) River, NC, 50, 59 
Yorktown, PA, 45, 53, 55 
Z,J (John Zubly?), 90 

ZuBLY Journal 


Zouberbuhler, Bartholomew, x 
Zubly, Ann Pye (wife of J.J. Zubly), xi 
Zubly, Ann lobler (wife of J.J. Zubly), xi, 

Zubly, David (father of J.J. Zubly), ix, 34, 

Zubly, David (brother of J.J. Zubly), 9, 29, 

68, 79, 87, 88, 93 
Zubly, David (son of J.J. Zubly), xi, 24, 

42, 68, 69, 80, 87, 92, 95, 97 
Zubly, Helena (mother of J.J. Zubly), ix, 

Zubly, John (son of J.J. Zubly), 53 
Zubly, John Joachim, iii, viii, x; life of, 

ix-xv; letter re religion in GA, ixn; 

doctoral dissertation, ixn; call to 

Savannah, xi; elected to Provincial and 

Continental Congresses, xii; activities 

in Congress, xiii; returns to GA, xiii; 

arrested and banished, xiii; removed 

to SC, xiv; alleged treason, xiv-xv; 

death and memorials in Savannah, xv; 

journal, description of, xvi-xvii; 

memorial for ferry, In; sister men- 

tioned, 8; brother of, 9, 19; goes to 
Philadelphia, 35; meets NJ Provincial 
Congress, 36; attends Congress, 40- 
45; debates in Congress, 40, 43, 44; 
leaves Philadelphia, 45; Journey 
home, details, 54-61; arrives in Savan- 
nah, 61; resolutions 1777, 64-65; reac- 
tion to Act of Confiscation and 
Banishment, 66-67, 69; tax list, 1778, 
67-68; house used as hospital, 67; pe- 
tition refused, 68; removal to SC, 69; 
house in Savannah burnt, 72; adds to 
house at Middlesex, 72, 81; takes Oath 
of Allegiance, 72; birth of grandchild, 
75; family fled, 78; library lost, 78, 
102-103, 105; in Charleston, 84-96; ad- 
dress to NC, 87; Thanksgiving sermon 
to be published, 88; robbed, 96; 
preaching in Savannah, 99, 103; let- 
ters, 102-111; vital records, 106; suf- 
ferings from the war, 108-110. 

Zubly Street (Savannah, GA) xv 

Zubly's Ferry, In, 10, 98