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,f^^/ll.,l ^ilH. fl<5> < 



the poeseasion of the New York Historical Society.) 










PRESIDENT, ••^-l2S4f.'q 































ROBERT H. KELBY, Secretary. 

[The President, Vice-Presidents, Recording Secretary, 
Treasurer, and Librarian are members of the Executive 




From Alexander Golden. 

OxNAM Feb'y 3<» 1729. 
Dear Son 

I have yours Nov lO*** from Coldenghame about 10 
dayes ago, I hope you are sensible of & duely affected 
w* the good hand of God in the carrying of your Publick 
dispute in your favours befor the King & Council your 
thankfullnes to God for this will be not only a mean both 
of your trusting in God for the future in all your after 
affairs & of hope y* he who hath delivered will deliver but 
also thankfullnes to god for one mercie makes way for 

I desire also to see Gods gracious providence still work- 
ing for you in defeating all the attempts of your adver- 
saries in the dispute you have w* them at respect to Gov- 
ernour Burnet's character hitherto y more under paid 
work y* may be agt you & these w* you the more will the 
grace & power of god be seen in preventing the success 
yrof, you have reason to bless God y* you have the testi- 
monie of a good conscience to support you in all events. 
Studie to observe the providence of God in all things you 
meet wither prosperous or advers & afflictive a hair 
cannot fall from our heads without his pleasure he is the 
father of all our mercies in all his dealings w* his own 
people he deals well w* them all flowes from love to ther 
persons & w* a designe of ther spiritual & eternal good tho 
they may not apprehend it in the tyme of some afflicting 
dispensations yet in the issue they will be obliged to 
acknowledge the same to the praise of his rich & free 
grace & imortall Love in Jesus Christ yt far still hope in 
his mercie & fear his name he taketh pleasure in such, 
trust in him at all times shew your trusting in him by 
acknowledging him in all your wayes & he will direct your 
paths pour out your heart befor him in prayer he will be 
your refuge & a Verie present help in the time of trouble 
Committ your way to him your thoughts to him & he 

2 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

will bring it to pass resigne your selfe to his disposing 
will & resolve to make welcome whatever tis all be his 
holy & good will in his providence this will fill your heart 
with pecae y* passes understanding when you have cast 
all yourbuhrdens & cares upon the Lord & have left all 
events to him, I hope the Lord is teaching you by such 
trying dispensations the beautie of y« world & discribeing 
to you the hidden coruptions of your heart is humbhng 
you & drawing you to him selfe by Jesus Christ w* the 
cords of his love manefested in directing you in breaking 
temptations & in helping you to cleave to duty & shuning 
all sinfull means to carry your defence & in appearing 
in his providence in bringing to Nothing all the devices 
& attempts against you & I hope also y* as hitherto so 
now ye shall have occasion to set up your Ebenezer 
hitherto the Lord hath helped me, if your mothers prayrs 
& mine may be of any use to you in your present circum- 
stnces they are dayly put up for you. 

I look upon it as a mercy from the Lord y* you have 
all kept your health so well last summer & fall & y* you 
are all especially the children so fond of your Countrie 
retirment. I longe wish for a letter from you befor I got 
the last & Was almost w*out hope of getting any at this 
season after I heard from from the News papers y* the 
Bever was taken by the Spanish privateers. 

Your mother keepes her health verie well since the 
cold weather came in I have had more health in the frost 
then befor, but about a forthnight ago I went in a cold 
frostie wyndie day some miles in the parish to Visit sick 
persons & catechizd 2 oyrs [others] at Plendirleith next 
day & then the day following Which was also Verie cold 
w* a frost I came home then I catched a severe cold w* 
a cough y* I am not altogether free of to this day yet 
still I have preacht once a day & have more strength & 
life then than any time els. I hardly ever found my 
bodyly strength more gone then the day when I went to 
the nook to visit a sick ^son my upper coat was so 
heavie y* I could hardly bear it & had much to do to get 
thither & return again which obliged me to think upon 
riding to the nook & now for the future, so y* I have grown 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1 730-1742. 3 

to apprehend my dayes in this world are drawing quitely 
to an end, I know I shall never see your face now or 
any more as I have never seen the faces of your dear 
children my grand children so I have no hope of seeing 
them in this world It is & shall be my prayer to the Last 
of my life y* both you & the dear children & we may be 
in Christ purifyd by his blood sanctifye by his spirit & 
guided in the way of truth & holynes unto the end, yt 
when we dy we may have the well grounded hop of meet- 
ing together in Glorie & of being together for ever w* the 
Lord, I pray you notw*standing of the distance of Col- 
denghame from New York you will be carefull to let me 
hear from you as long as I live, you know not how reviv- 
ing it is to me to have a letter from you & to hear of Gods 
kinde providence towards you & your famlie 

I heard from your brother James Last week he his 
wife & children wer all then in health, tho they have 
been fearing the small pox which hath prevaild in this 
Countrie in this parish last fall & in this Winter by which 
great Numbers of Children have been taken from ther 
parents by death, your brother hath (we wrote in my 
last to you) three sons Alex' George & Cadwallader all 
of them pleasent children your mother was greatly pleased 
when she heard the last called Cadwallader & designes if 
he live to have him w* her I baptizd Alex' & Cadwallader 
& M' Byres the other grandfather baptizd George, Sandie 
was w* us but is now at Whitsome but we expect him 
againe here in the spring if I Uve till then, I wrote you in 
my last (as I suppose) y* M' Lautie M' James Christies 
father in law is dead & y* M' Walter Douglass Late min' 
at Lenton is also dead & now I can tell you y* he is suc- 
ceeded in that church by M' George Hall who was at 
Abbotts Rule, I hear also your old Acquaintance M' 
William Oghvie late min' at Ennerwick dyed lately within 
these few weeks. 

Your mother hath sent three webs of Linnig & 2 peices 
of Gilly Mankie a peice of Silk Camlet to your daughter 
& grandchildren to London & she knows not if they be 
gone from London for New York she was informd y* they 

4 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

wer safe at London she employd a Merchant in Berwick 
to send them to his correspondent ther who is to put y" 
into some ship for New York. 

I would be glade to have a hne from Sandie only tyme 
paper & health will not allow me to write to him no was I 

I am glade he is come y* lenth as to be in capacitie so 
near to bear you company to New York, that the Lord 
may bless you & our dear daughter & grandchildren w* 
all spiritual blessings in Jesus Christ is & shall be the 
earnest prayer while I live of dear Son 

Your most tenderly affectionat father 

[Indorsed] AlEX': CoLDEN. 

To Cadwallader Golden Esq" 

at New- York 

To be Left at the Sun Goffee house 
behind the royal exchange London 

From James Alexander. 

Dear Sir 

Yours of the 9*** instant with the incloseds I have 
As you was Surprized of Letellier's account So I Suppose 
you'll be no Less by the inclosed which is a Coppy of the 
account Entered Lately by M' Heath Since his return in 
the Cash book, which with the Leger he yesternight Sent 
me by M'^ Soumain & Silvester when they insisted upon 
their note up which I refused them till your Answer & 
till we knew Sufficiently that no more was paid than 
what he has given Credit for 

They told me he would appear abroad in a few Days 
& that he had only one person to make up with & that 
then he would give all the assistance in his power to putt 
M"" Hunt in a way to get in the outstanding Debts by 
Coppying the accounts for that purpose or otherwise & 
that if you'll give him Leave to receive them he will 
Answer for them but as the Advertisement put up to pay 
no further to him hinders him from receiving them it 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 5 

cannot be Expected that he Should answer for further 
than he has actually received, in which indeed there's 
Some weight, for if you make him answerable he must 
not be barred of receiveing 

I Should have first told you that your Letter to him 
I thought was very proper to be delivered & I gave it to 
M' Hunt & desired him to Consider of it if he thought it 
proper which he thought also & accordingly it was de- 
livered & the deUvery up of the Leger & Cash book is in 
Consequence thereof 

The Security I had for Heath I Send you a Coppy of 
it under the Coppy of his account by which you'll See its 
not So full as you imagined & as we had put an advertise- 
ment to pay no further to Heath it would not be insisted 
upon to be Larger than for the moneys actually received, 
its true, that Heath is therby freed from the Obligation 
of further receiveing which is a trouble taken off his 
hands & brought on yours or M' Hunts, but in Such cases 
people are very willing to take Such Security as they can 
get, & this is the utmost I could get, & I beUeve the utmost 
that could have been got had the Extent issued agt Heath 
for no Contract with you but his actually receiveing the 
Kings moneys made him Lyable to that process & con- 
sequently only So far as he had received them 

You'll Consider whether it be prudent to Suffer Heath 
to receive any further of the moneys which they Say he is 
willing to do in order to the deserving his Salary if you 
do, you must also Consider, that Semain & Silvester are 
not by what they have given answerable for Such receipts, 
& whether they will further undertake to be So, I much 
doubt, (I really forgot to ask them whether they would) 
How Heath comes intitled to so much Porteridge you'll 
also consider & Explain 

I am Sorry for your Late indisposition, but I think it 
happy you did not Adventure hither for in all probability 
it would have been much more, you need make no apoli- 
gies for not comeing for I have no Less pleasure in Serving 
you than you can have to desire me, for I think Life 
would be Stript of its greatest pleasures if those of obUdge- 
ing & being Oblidged were taken away 

6 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Todd the Tavernkeeper is the only one that has 
hitherto offered for your house, & he has offered £28 for 
the whole, I Scrupled Letting it because of the greater 
hurt that a Tavern must do to the house than a privat 
family, but to that he promised to Leave it in as good 
repair when he Left it as when delivered to him, but talk- 
ing of the wearing of the Floors, he Said he meant only 
as to breaking or Spoiling anything, it was on Thursday 
Last he talkt of this & I referred him to this week to Con- 
sider of it & to advise with Mr Kennedy & M' Hunt also 
about it, which I Shall doe, & I think if no better offer 
happens to Embrace this I Shall keep him in hands as 
Long as I can without a final agreement in hopes I may 
have your own thoughts on it 


So far as before was wrote about a fourtnight agoe to 
goe by this bearer who Said he would then return & that 
being two days after Syms went I deferred writting by 
him On that account, this bearer tells me he goes to 
morrow morning & I being just going abroad have Litle 
time to add further than that on Monday Last M» Brown 
paid a quarters rent & my wife tells me that Sometime 
before She paid her a quarters rent but forgot to tell me 
of it together are £9-0-0 I also Let the house to a jew as 
p' the Receipt wherof under is a Coppy, he has no family 
but a wife & one Servant & it would not Suit him to give 
any higher rent than £20 & the rest of the house besides 
your room was Enough for him. Its the man that came 
Last Summer & took Cap* Peirces house where M' Ken- 
nedy formerly Lived, hebrought a Considerable Cargoe over 
with him So I Suppose there will be no doubt of the rent 
being in hast I Remain Yours 

Nyork Febry 4.^^ JA^ Alexander. 


Received of Zachariah Pollack a pistol in part of twenty 
pounds rent for one year of D' Colden's house joining M" 
Parmyters (Excepting the room one pair of Stairs up in 
which his books & goods now are which is reserved to 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 7 

him) Commencing the first of May next & the rent to 
bee paid quarterly to D' Golden or his order Jan'^ 27*'* 
1729/30 by j^ Alexander 

by order of D' Golden. 
I acknowledge to have taken the above mentioned 
house according to the terms above mentioned 

5B Zachariah Pollack. 

From James Chrystie 

MoRBATTLE February 28 1729. 
D. B. G. 

I received yours of the 8th of July from Goldenghame 
wherein you give me the agreeable account of the Issue 
of some of your Disputes about your publick affairs, and 
that they had Succeeded according to your wishes. I 
Shall be heartily glad to hear that your other differences 
which you wrote of, and the Decision of which, you Say, 
will be considerable either for or against you, are termi- 
nated as much to your Satisfaction. I perceive Faction 
and Party Differences prevaill all the World over; and 
your Remote parts are as much disquited with them, 
as ours at home; from which I am oblidged to conclude 
those people the happiest who have the least concern in 
them. And I observe by your way of writeing that you're 
heartily tired of them, and have no great fondness for 
those preferrments which naturally inveigle men into 
those disturbances. It gives me a great deal of pleasure 
to hear you all ways expressing the peculiar Satisfaction 
you have in enjoying Yom- Self & Your family in your 
country-retirement. Long may my Dear Ahe and your 
Ghildren give you pleasure; And may the agreeable enter- 
tainment you find at home be allways preserved by you 
to all your Gourt-amusements. I am glad to hear that 
you are in so good terms with your New Governour, and 
that you have had Such Assurances of his friendship. 

I perceive by your letter that my Father gave you an 
account of the Birth of our little Sarah; It has pleased 
God in his Soveraign Providence to take her from us again. 
She has been allways weak and tender, & was cutt off by 

8 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

a Fever about a fortnight ago. All my four Children are 
Just now in the Small Pox. That Disease has been very- 
mortal to a great many children in this Country this 
Season. But I have great reason to be thankfull, that 
mine are in an extraordinary good Condition and in all 
Appearance, in no Sort of Danger, Davie [torn] quite free 
of them; & had but a very few. Katie & Alie have fallen 
into them Within these 10 Days. They have both of 
them very few likewise, & have been all ways free of the 
fever, ever Since the Eruption. They are very hearty 
and well, as we could desire them to be in their present 
Circumstances, Gibbie has but broke out of the Pox 
Yesterday, but appears to be in a very hopefull condition, 
only we apprehend he is likely to have the greatest Num- 
ber of Pox. We Saw your Mother here at our little Sarahs 
burial. She told us your Father was then in his Ordinary 
health but that day was So unseasonable & Cold, that he 
did not inchne to Venture this far. We hear Your Brother 
James & his Wife & 3 Children are all in perfect health. 
We have frequent letters from Norway, whereby we under- 
stand that Davie & his wife & 6 Bairns are all Well. As 
likewise Andrew & his Wife & Daughter. Both our Nor- 
wegian Brethren tell us their Wives give them the pros- 
pect of the further increase of their families in a little 
time. My Father continues in Perfect good health 
(Blessed be God) He was with us last Summer for three 
Weeks. I convoy 'd him back to Ed', And have Seen 
him there Since in November. He is Still lively & Chear- 
fuU, & as vigorous as I ever knew one of his age. It 
affords me always a great deal of pleasure to hear of the 
Prosperity & thriveing of Your Children Pray fail not 
always to Say something of each of them in Particular. 
My Sarah Remembers You and Alie with all imaginable 
affection. We both wish all blessings and happiness to 
your Dear Bairns. Tell Alie, I think She has become 
extremely lazie in Writeing. I know not when I had the 
Satisfaction of Seeing any thing written by her hand. 
The throng you tell me She was in about her butter & her 
Cheese, will not be Sustained by me as an excuse for her 
Silence. I expect She'l give me the pleasure of a letter 

THE GOLDEN PAPER&— 1730-1742. 9 

from her Self in Particular, tho' one Cheese should happen 
to be Spoil't in the Making. That The Divine Blessing 
& Protection may ever attend you & her is the Sincere 
and earnest Prayer of 

D. B. C. 
Your most affectionate Brother and humble Servant 

Ja: Chrystie. 


Cadwallader Golden Esquire 

at New York America 
To be left at The Sun: Gofifee: house, Behind 
The Royal Exchange. London 

Articles of agreement for working the lead mine at 
Rochester, N. Y. 
THIS INDENTURE of agreement made the twentyeth 
day of may in the third Year of the Reigne of our Sov- 
erigne Lord George the second by the grace of god of 
Great Brittaine france and Irland king Defender of the 
faith, &c, and In the Year of our Lord Christ one thousand 
seven hundred and thirty, WITTNESSETH that whereas 
anthony Rutgers, Cadwallader Colden, Comehs Home- 
beck, Lode wick Hornebeck, Albert Pawling Gilbert Liv- 
ingston, Jan Rosevelt, Petrus Rutgers Jan Scoonmaker 
and Gerardus Hardenbergh owners and proprietors of 
a Certaine mine lying and being in the township of 
Rochister near a place Called Nepenagh have agreed 
to work the said mine at the joint Charge of the said 
owners in the following proportions according to the 
shares they have in the said Mine that is to say Anthony 
Rutgers one ninth part, Cadwallader Colden one ninth 
part Cornells Hornebeck one ninth part Lode wick Horne- 
beck one ninth part, albert Pawhng one ninth part, Gil- 
bert Livingston one ninth part Jan Rosevelt one ninth 
part, Petrus Rutgers one ninth part, Jan Schoonmaker 
one Eighteenth part and Gerardus Hardenbergh one 
Eighteenth part, the said Anthony Rutgers, Cadwallader 
Colden, CorneUs Hornebeck, Lodewick Hornebeck, albert 
Pawling, Gilbert Livingston, Jan Rosevelt Petrus Rutgers 
Jan schoonmaker and Gerardus Hardenbergh Covenant 
Promise and agree Each with the others that they will 
meet on the first Tuesday in Every month the first meet- 

10 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

ing to be at the house of Cornells De wltt In the said 
Towne of Rochister on the first Tuesday In the month 
of July next and the next following meetings to be at such 
place in the said County of ulster as the partners when 
meet or the Major part of them shall think most fitt and 
Convenient for the next following meeting and at Every 
of the said meetings to Consult & agree upon such things 
as shall be Necessary for the Carrying on & Discharging 
the Debts & Expences of the said work and what Ever 
shall be Resolved on by the major part of the owners 
then appearing the owner or owners of Every Ninth part 
to have one vote for Every Ninth part shall be binding 
on the whole and Every one of the said owners do Cove- 
nant Promise and agree each for himselfe but not for the 
others that he will pay such Sum or sums of moeney as 
shall be orderd by the majority of owners aforesaid to be 
paid for the dischar[g]ing the debts and further Carrying 
on of the work of the said mine to be paid by Each of the 
said owners in proportion to the share he has in the said 
mine Provided no greater sum be orderd at one time then 
what may Reasonably be thought Necessary for the 
Carrying on the work for one month after the said orders 
are given UNLESS ALL the owners be Personably Pres- 
ent when the orders are made and it is further agreed by 
the owners aforesaid that if any of them Cannot at any 
time attend such persons may depute and Make any 
other of the owners his Proxy to Vote for him for that 
time when he cannot attend and it is further agreed by 
the owners and proprietors aforesaid that in case any one 
shall neglect or Refuse to pay his proportion of the money 
orderd as aforesaid for three months then notice Shall be 
given him by two Credible persons of such Neglect or 
Refusall and demand made of the money in their pres- 
ence and if not then paid Publick notice shall be given by 
a writting affixed on the court house at kingston and on 
the City hall of the City of new york that such a persons 
Share of said Mine is to be sold by pubhck out cry on 
such a day at kingston Provided that the time of sale be 
not less than six weeks after the demand made as afore- 
said and money not paid when Demanded Provided 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 11 

Lykewise that the owners may at any time pay his debt 
Before the day of sale and that the time of such sale shall 
not be in the months of December January February and 
March and Each of the s<* owners and Proprietors doe 
hereby Empower and authorise the major part of the 
other owners to sell and dispose of his share when he the 
said owners shall neglect for three months to pay any sum 
or sums orderd as aforesaid to be paid by him for the 
Carrying on the work of said mine which sale shall be 
good against the owner so Neglecting and his hiers for- 
ever and Each of the owners do covenant Promise and 
agree to warrant such sale of his share against all Persons 
Claming by from or under him and the said owners do 
Covenant Promise and Agree Each with the others that 
the Money arising Shall be Imployd towards dischar[g]ing 
the debts due by the person whose share is sold for Carry- 
ing on the work of the said mine as aforesaid and the 
Charges of such sale and if any over plush be shall be 
Restored to the Persons whose share is sold as aforesaid 
and it is further agreed by and between the owners afore- 
said that if any person Neglect to pay his proportion of 
the Charges as aforesaid for one month he shall pay at 
the Rate of one p'' Cent for Every Month the same is so 
Neglected to be paid untill Demand be made of the same 
as aforesaid in order that his share be sold if any further 
Neglect be made of the payment as aforesaid which In- 
terest of one p' Cent by the month shall be paid to such 
person or persons as shall have advanced the sums 
Necessary to Cary on the work or to the workman if they 
have been Delayed the payment of their wages by such 
Neglect and the said owners do agree Each to pay five 
pounds for one ninth part and so In proportion for a 
smaller or a greater share to wards Carrying on the work 
of the said mine till the first Tuesday in July next which 
SUMS of five pounds shall be paid to Cap* CorneUs 
Hornebeck and by him to be disbursed for the Necessary 
Charges of working the mine for that time, It is the true 
Intent and meaning of these presents is that when any 
of the owners is diffident in his payment the other owner 
shall take his share of the oar that is already digged or 

12 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

shall be digged up at the time of such difficiency at the 
rate of fifteen pounds p' Tun if none of the owners offer 
more for it and apply the same to the payment of What 
such person owes and if such persons share of the oar at 
the rate of fifeen pounds per Tun shall not be sufficient 
for three months to pay his difficiencey and he Neglect 
to pay the same as is above Mentioned than his share of 
the mine shall be Exposed to sale as aforesaid and not 
otherwise and it is further agreed that all Resolutions 
and orders Made and agreed to at the several Meetings 
of the owners as aforesaid shall be fairly Enterd in a book 
to be keept for that purpose Naming the persons present 
and subs[c]ribed at Leas by the major part of the persons 
agreeing to the same and that the persons at any time 
Entrusted with the Companies money Shall render at 
Every such meeting an account of the Recepts and dis- 
bursments of the same which accounts shall be lykewise 
Entered in another book to be Likewise kept for that 
purpose to which books all and Every of the owners shall 
at all Reasonable times have free access which books 
Shall be Lodged with such person and for such time as 
Shall be agreed on by the major part of the owners at 
thier meetings as aforesaid and Each of the said owners 
do severally Covenant Promise and agree with the others 
for themselves thier hiers and assigns but not the one 
for the other that they will truly observe the several 
articles above writtan and that if the major part of the 
owners aforesaid shall at any time think it necessary to 
have the same drawne out into any better or fuller form 
as they shall be advised by thier Council learned in the 
Law so that the same be Consonant and agreable to the 
true Intent and meaning of these presents that then the 
several Parties shall Execute such deeds as shall be so 
Reasonably advised AND that in the mean time this 
present agreement shall be Lodged in the hands of Coll, 
Abraham Gaasbeck Chambers not to be Delivered to any 
person without the concent of all the owners above 
written IN WITNESS here of the Parties to these pres- 
ents have here unto sett thier hands and seal the day and 
year first above writtan, the above mentioned anthony 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 13 

Rutgers having put the name and seal of Petrus Rutgers 
and John Rosevelt here unto by Vertue of authority from 
them for that Purpose, 

Anthony Rutgers s 

Cadwallader Golden s 
Albert Pawling s 

Cornelis Hornebeck s 
Petrus Rutgers s 

John Rosevelt s 

Gil: Livingston s 

Signed sealed & deUvered in 
the presence of us by an- 
thony Rutgers, Gadwallader 
Golden albert pawling, Gor- 
neUs Hornebeck, Gilbert Liv- 
ingston and anthony Rutgers 
in behalfe of Petrus Rutgers 
& John Rosevelt 
Henry Rowe 
Job Gompton 

A True Goppy Examm'* by the Original 

^ Gil: Livingston. 
This is to Gertifie that the within named Gornelis Horn- 
beck has Gonveyed unto the within named Gerardus 
Hardenbergh one full ninth part of y« Within mentioned 
Lead mine So that the s** Hornbeck is to have but one 
Eightenth part Instead of A ninth as within mentioned 
and the Said Hardenbergh one ninth part Instead of 
one Eighteenth part there of witness our hands y« Eight 
day of July 1730. 

Gornelius Hornbeck 
G: Hardenbergh 
Signed Sealed & deUvered 
by y« within named Lode- 
wick Hornbeck and Jan 
Schoonmaker on the 7 day 
of July 1730 in y« presence 
of us 
TOBISIES horenbeek. 
Thomas Thong. 

14 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 


WHEREAS IT may be apprehended that the heirs 
Or assignes of the Late Coll: Jacob Rutsen & others 
may Commence a Suit in Law or take Some methods 
to Get Possessions of the Lead mine now in the possession 
of the within named Anthony Rutgers Cadwallader 
Colden Lodewick Hornebeek albert Pawling Cornehs 
Hornbeek, Jan Rosevelt Petrus Rutgers Gilbert Livingston 
Gerardus Hardenbergh & Jan Schoonmaker Covenant 
Promise and agree, Each with the other for our Selves 
Our heirs and Assignes and with the heirs & assignes 
of the others that wee will at all times Joyn In defending 
our rights Title & possession of the s"^ Lead mine by 
all Such Lawfull ways & means as Shall be Agreed on 
by the major part of us the Owners and partners aforesaid 
and of our heirs and Assignes (Every ninth part having 
one vote) or Shall be advised by our Council Learned 
in the Law against all persons whatsoever & more par- 
ticularly against the heirs & Assigns of the s^ Coll: 
Rutsen And against the Late Lewis bovie deseased his 
heirs or Assignst & against all person Claiming by from 
or under them the s*^ Rutsen & bovie & that We will 
Each of Us Contribute and pay our Share of the Charge 
of Such Defence In proportion To the Share we in the 
Said mine Wittness our hands and Seals this Eight day 
of July in the fourth year of his majesties reigne Anno 
Dom 1730 

John Schoonmaker 
cornelis hoornbeek 
Gilbert Livingston 
Signed Sealed & deUver'd Cadwallader Colden 
by y ^persons above named John Roosevelt 
Except Antohny Rutgers Petrus Rutgers 
and Albert Pawling in the Lodewick Hornbeek 
Presence of us Gerardus, Hardenbergh 

Jacobus Van der willige 

Thomas Thong. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 15 

From James Alexander. 

New York, june 5*^, 1730. 
D' Sir 

Yours of the 27*^^ of May I have but the one you 
mention to have Sent before, I never Received, I have 
twenty times resolved on writting to you before & Since 
receit of yoiu-s but have always by Something or other 
been hindered, & now am straitned in time but was 
unwiUing to miss this opportunity by M' Alsop 

As to Lewis's affair I know nothing about it but 
what is known to Every body, I forwarded yours to 
M' Pople & gave cautions as proposed, but had not 
time to draw your memorandums for a State of the case 
in form, I wish you would as yet do it your self. 

I heartyly wish you joy of yoiu- mine at Rochester 
& that it may Answer your Expectation to the full ours 
at Waywayands I think has given us Sufficient Encourage- 
ment not to neglect it tho the greatest part of the oar 
be iron yet theres Some Copper in it & the miners Say 
the more the further down they go, but its a Lottery 

John Parker gave me a five pound bill for you about 
a fourtnight ago at Amboy, the Assembly Sits there & 
by their address it would Seem they will agree but I hear 
they are to have grieveances redressed Some of which 
are Coll Morris & me of the Council Liveing out of the 
province & me as Surveyor Gen^^ Liveing out of the 
province which things I Suppose will be gone into to 
be redressed, by Complaints against us I am in haste 


Ja: Alexander. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

att Coldingham 
p' M' Alsop 

16 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From James Alexander. 
D' Sir 

On my return Last week from the jersey assembly 
I had yours of June 28*^ which is only the Second I have 
had from you Since I Saw you 

I am really Concerned to find by yours that your 
distemper has been so hard on you of Late & hope your 
Judgment in Chuseing & resolution in takeing proper 
remedys may Effect a thorough Cure 

I agree with you in the Commendations of the married 
State & believe where it hits right it yields the greatest 
Satisfaction in this Life & where otherways the Contrary 
you & I are happy in the first I wish none of our friends 
were unhappy in the Last 

I agree to accept MaccuUoms father in Law for Secur- 
ity for his debt to be paid at Such time as you please 

His Excellency got the Support Setled for five years 
in jersey on his consenting to permitt the assembly to 
address the King for a Separate Gov' after his Com" 
Determines which they have done, & he returned here on 
Thursday was Seven night 

Before this I Suppose you had a Letter from Quinby 
or some of his Company who propose to petition for a 
patent for Some of the Equivalent Land on the Connecti- 
cut Line its but within these few days that they proposed 
to me to be Concerned for them & with them which I 
have Consented to they tell me they have by their Letter 
some time agoe proposed it to you 

The Ridgefield people intended to have opposed 
Quinby's Company but they have agreed & are to join 
in petitioning, M' Clark agrees to join & by what W°» 
Smith tells me, he Seems to be Sincere in it, for the 
blocks in the way I think he has pointed out & also ad- 
vised the best means of Obviating them 

One great Block is the Line not being determined 
which must be before the grant is had, & as to that he 
proposes that it be done with the greatest expedition 
possible & with the Least charge, And in order to Effect 
it is desireous of your Comeing doun as Soon as your 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 17 

Convenience can pemiitt & desires he may be Sent for 
So Soon as you come & he will come doun to Concert 
With you W"" Smith & I the best measures to be taken, 
W"* Smith & I send you herewith a Separate Letter for 
comeing doun to which I referr 

If George be Sincere as Smith assures me he is, not- 
withstanding Phillipses pretensions, which George is well 
apprized of, more good Consequences may come of this 
than at first Sight are to be Seen, but Least he was not 
Sincere I would not go to him tho desired along with 

The charge of Obtaining the patent will be pretty 
great Even if the most Saveing way be taken to Obtain 
it for the petitioners must Expect to be at the whole 
charge of running of the Line, yet they think it will be 
worth their while to prosecute the matter for there's a 
Considerable quantity of good Land in the Equivalent 
whose value is increased by the proximity of the Con- 
necticut Setlements, & if worth their whiles, it must be 
much more worth yours Seing the fees that will be comeing 
to you in the matter will far Exceed your part of the 

My brother in Law John Spratt is gott concerned in 
interest with M' Rutsens by means of a mortgage, & has 
Some time agoe made pretty Large offers to me to be 
concerned both in interest & as Council for them along 
with M"" Murray who is retained for them, I Desired 
time to think of the matter for in a matter of Such mo- 
ment one ought not rashly to Engage, I Shall not finally 
answer them till I hear from, or See, you, when I Shall 
be glad of your opinion in the matter 

Hopeing quickly to See you here what further I have 

to Say I shall reserve to that time, Please to give my 

wifes & my best respects to M" Colden I am 


^.^ ,, Ja: Alexander. 

New York 

July 25*^^ 1730 


To Cadwaixadeb Golden Esq' 

att Goldingham 

18 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From James Alexander. 
Dear Sir 

I was much Concerned that by Coll Mathews I did 
not answer your Last of Dec' 8th for M' Hunt brought 
me it & promised to Call for my answer before Coll 
Mathews went & I heard no more Either of him or 
Coll Mathews till I heard that Mathews was gone 

As to the matter of the Equivalent Lands I referr 
you to a joint Letter herewith from M' Smith & me 

I have no answer from Paris which I wonder at for 
David Barclay acknowledges the Receipt of that Letter 
in which Paris's was inclosed, I have now desired Paris 
by the Last Ships to answer that Letter but have not 
Sent him a Duphcate for some reasons 

on the 23*^ of December Last his Excellency Sent for 
me to acquaint me that I held the Naval office of him 
which he beUeved my Circumstances did not want & 
that M' Lindsey was Strongly recommended to him & 
in want & he knew no other way of provideing for him 
& therefore intended to give him that office. I therupon 
thanked his Ex^ for the past continueing me in that office, 
& had no objection to his granting it to whom he thought 
proper & accordingly it was the next day granted to 
M' Lindsey 

M' Boyle has told me that the Gov was Extremely 
prest to it by M' Delancy & his Son, & it was only their 
importunities that prevailed on his Excellency to grant 
it, & that M' Clark denyed to have any hand it it Saying 
he was under Obligations to me, you have it as I have it, 

M' Kennedy favoured me yesterday with the Sight 
of yours by Capt Bayard by which I am Extremely glad 
to find that Mrs Colden is on the Recovery & do heartyly 
wish She may Soon be restored to her perfect health, 
in which my wife heartyly joins & in her Service to 
you & her 

I know of no news whatsoever worth your hearing 
so remain 

Your most affectionat & most humble Servant 

Ja. Alexander. 
New York Jan'y 12th 1730/1. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 19 

From James Alexander. 

New York March 26th 

Dear Sir 

Two days agoe Obadiah Hunt Surprized me by 
acquainting me that his Son was taken into Custody 
for Debt & Desiring me for you to take the weighhouse 
into my care & that he might be hereafter freed from 
the Obligation he Lay under to you for his Son 

I told him I had no authority from you to accept of 
any Such thing & that he must do the best he could to 
keep the weighhouse by the help of the man that was met 
till you came down or gave directions which he promised 
to do 

Should you think of appointing another which You'll 
be under a necessity of if Hunt Compounds not with 
his Creditors & gets his father to Continue his Security 
for him I thought of putting you in mind of M' Dugdale 
who would Certainly be a most Excellent officer but I 
have neither Spoke of it to him nor will without your 
Directions, I doubt nothing but he would gladly accept 
of the office Being in haste 

I Remain 

Ja. Alexander. 
P. S. March 29*'' 1731. 

M' Burhans was with me this day (haveing hitherto 
had no opportunity to Send you the above) & he tells 
me that if you'll appoint M' Heath again, that he will 
Encourage the weighhouse as much as in his power is, 
& he Says he can prevail on all, the Esopus boat men 
to do the Like on Heaths account I Leave it to you to 
Consider what's most your interest M' Dugdales an 
officer you & all the world may depend on & if you ap- 
point him he possibly by his faithfuUness may in time 
bring as great Reputation & Encouragement to the 
weighhouse as M' Heath can, & the Vanhorn's I believe 

20 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

you might also Depend on upon his account to Encourage 
the weighhouse, But as before I have neither hinted the 
Least of this to M' Dugdale nor will I till you first 
Resolve what's most to your own interest 

I am 


Ja. Alexander. 


To Cadwalladbr Golden Esq' 

att Goldingham 
S' Ft Harrison Esq' Q. D. G. 

From James Alexander. 
Dear Sir 

I have the favour of yours without Date, the Equiva- 
lent affair is brought to a better & quicker issue than I 
expected in So far as the patent was paid for & delivered 
on Monday Last the Ridgefield Releases are Executed 
proved & Exchanged, & the County folks deeds are all 
Executed, & to be Delivered in the Country accounts are 
Setled & the Country folks have paid their Quotas' Ex- 
cepting the 40/ for division which Some could not raise 
the money for but have given bond to Jacobus Bruyn 
to have the half of it to pay him at Cornelius Flamens 
on the Last of August & the rest on the Last of October, 
the Deeds from W"" Smith are near ready but won't be 
Dehvered til Each Execute a Covenant to pay their pro- 
portion of the quitrents & indemnify Every other person 
from the payment thereof & from all Damage for the 
want of payment 

Ireland Thomas & Birdsell we had not a Litle Diffi- 
culty with to get them to Convey to Smith; Clark, Smith 
& my Self Left them not from the time they came to town 
till it was done which was this Day was Seven night at 
twelve at night when they also Executed the Release to 
Ridgefield & James Brown was dispatcht with it to get 
Ridgefield folks to Execute theirs with which he got back 
here on Sunday M' Clark Spent four Compleat days with 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 21 

the Country folks in Setleing matters & was very helpfull 
& Smith & myself have spent six Compleat days with 
them the quotas came up £40-4 a thousand, & yet Several 
things were forgot to be brought into the Computation, 
the way by which the quota came so high was this 

it was Esteemed to be about £35 pr 1000 when you 
went upon the Lines this Spring. Since which the 
marking by Jacobus Bruyn is agreed on to be 40/ pr 
1000 more 

the indian purchase in the former Computations was 
Laid on the whole 50000, but Ridgefield haveing pur- 
chased their own before there was no reason for them to 
pay any part of it but on the Contrary they were allowed 
£4-10 for their Indian purchase of the first Eight Lotts, 
now the Indian purchase amounted to near 100 pounds, 
which advanced our Shares above 10/ pr 1000, the 
drawing the deeds recording Six of them that are general 
& Some other articles brought up the quota's as before 
to the Countiy folks, as to the matter of deeds with 
Smiths company its as yet to Setle & will not be much (if 
any) Less than the Country folks, the ten pounds you 
demanded was allowed which with your 20/ pr day while 
Last out & horse hire Such as jacobus Bruyn charges 
added to your former credits & the payments to you being 
Substracted there remained £ 158 I think & some odd 
ShilUngs ballance to you, nobody haveing any account 
from you other than what was in the book before with 
the Letter Left to Smith & me, which will come near 
paying your proportion 

M"" Heath was present at drawing the Lotts for you 
& I suppose Sent you them that were drawn for you 
my Lotts are N° 7, 14, 15, 21, 42, & 64. If you would 
take the trouble of giveing me your opinion of the quahty 
& value of them I should be obhged to you. 

The letter from your Aunt was Delivered to my wife 
while I was abroad with the Country folks & when I came 
home she gave it me & I Left it on the table in my room, 
going out again to draw the Lotts I told Mr Heath there 
was a Letter for you which I desired him to Send for, and 
comeing home, I found Letter Ruffled a Litle as if some 

22 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

body had been Endeavouring to See what was in it, which 
I was very angry at & told my wife of it, thereupon she 
told me that the person who had Left it had told her 
there was money in it, which Still the more Encreased 
my concern, fearing the rufHeing of the Letter was to take 
the money out, & the rather for that of Late we have 
mist Sundry moneys that we were certain of, at one time 
a £ 6 jerseybill, this very Last week two pistols & 12/ a 
few months agoe there was found in my room a £3-4 bill 
which my wife knew to be hers which had been dropt by 
accident by Some body that had stole it, & about a 
month agoe we mist a bill of £10, these accidents you 
may Easyly think made me fear the money was taken 
out of your Letter, wherfore I resolved immediately to 
Send for M' Heath & to open it in his presence & if taken 
out immediately to Search every one in the house & 
Every place in it, but when he came to our Satisfaction 
it was there Still, this reason I hope will Sufficiently 
Excuse the opening of it, for while I had room to Suspect 
the moneys being taken out it would hardly have con- 
sisted with honesty to have delivered the Letter, to run 
a further risque without comeing to the Certainty of 
the thing 

My wife tells me she has given the 3^ oz silk to M"" 
Heath which with her & my Service to M" Golden & 
your self in haste I remain 

Ja. Alexander. 
June 23 d 1731 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

att Goldingham 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 23 

From James Alexander 

Newyork July 3<^ 1731. 
Dear Sir 

on the first instant at 4 in the morning died his Ex- 
cellency our Governour who yesternight was Buried 

My wife was dehvered on the first instant at night of a 
Daughter who I hope is in a good way of Recovery she 
has gone a full month beyond the time she Expected M' 
Heath gave me one from you yesterday the Substance 
of which I answered by my Last to which referr 

What I am now going to tell you will Surprize you 
as it has done us here viz. that M"" Leheup writes to the 
Speaker on the 8'^ of May which came Last post via 
Boston & acquaints him that Letters patent were past 
the Seals for granting to the Duke of Chandois Micajah 
Perry & Sundry other great men all the Lands comeing 
to the Crown from Connecticut by vertue of the Agree- 
ment in 1683, if so we must Expect if we would hold it 
to be at great charge, Equity I conceive must be clear in 
our favour, & if the patent be before the Surrender by 
Connecticut the Law will also be so 

M' Clark seems much concerned at it & beUeves its 
occasioned by the Same man who Endeavoured to Ob- 
struct here & for reason Says that that Gentleman had 
some years agoe a Letter from the Duke of Chandois 
desireing his opinion whether there would be Encourage- 
ment for the affrican Company to trade to these planta- 

Should these Letters patents happen to be dated 
between the time of the Surrender & the date of our 
patent they would have the Law on their Side I am in 


Ja. Alexander, 


To Cadwalladbb Golden Esq' 


24 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From James Alexander. 
[Not Dated] 
Dear Sir 

I had the favour of yours incloseing your Letter to 
Micajah Perry who I Doubt whether he be an antagonist 
of ours because the name of the Perry who is a patentee 
of the Equivalent is Jonathan however I will forward 
it by Dunining who talkt of Sailing the begining of 
next week 

The Small pox have taken from me my Son James 
& my negro jupiter all the rest of my family I hope are 
past Danger tho they are afflicted with Boyles, the 
Small pox was at the height on Sunday Last on the 
Last of my family, untill which time from the time you 
Left this place I had my mind wholly taken up in the 
care of the Sick of my family 

Monday Last was the first of my thinking of any 
business when Mr Smith & I went to Jamaica to meet 
Mr. Clarke who came here to us, we Communicated 
to him four points Either of which we conceived intitled 
us to Relief agt the patent to S' Joseph Eyles tho the 
Same be dated the 15th of May with which he Declared 
himself Satisfied that they Showed Suff* cause for Relief 
we then proposed to enter into the agreement for mutual 
defense but he made the former Excuse, we proposed 
to him to take So much of his at the prime cost as to 
bring Each of us two up Equal to him in quantity & 
then as we were Equal in quantity to Go Equal in the 
charge but he declared he would not part with it so 
cheap nor had he any thoughts of parting with any 
but he hoped the partners would think it in time proper 
to permitt him to defend 2000 acres & pay charges 
accordinglj'", & perhaps he may not be mistaken 

we proposed retaining of Murray for us, as also to 
State our case home for advice of Council & to retain 
Some Council at home for us which he approved of, he 
approved also of your Letter, he thinks it possible the 
matter may be brought to an amicable conclusion, by 
undeceiveing the English Grantees as to the great value 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 25 

they have imagined the thing must be of, & that an 
Equivalent of So much Land they may have granted to 
them in another place & particularly above Saragtogo, 
That these means are first to be tryed before bringing 
any Suit or putting our Selves to charge wherin we 
conceived he was not much in the wrong, we talkt of 
getting Connecticut assembly to represent in favour of 
our grant & of getting all the partners to respresent & 
Sign their case & the hardships therof which might 
induce the King to Endeavour to cause the grantees 
in England accept of other Lands that is the chief of 
what was talkt of but nothing was put into writting 

M' Harrison had kept up M' Clarks Letters from 
England till Monday Last when as we were going into 
the ferry boat the Clerk of the Secrys office gave me a 
Letter which I saw was M"" Harrisons writing to deliver 
to M' Clark which when delivered to M^ Clarke he read 
& it was makeing a Cold Excuse for not Sending the 
inclosed Letters sooner M' Clark did not open these 
Letters till most of whats before was talkt & then M' 
Smith told him that possibly the incloseds might con- 
tain Some account of the English patent, whereupon 
he read them to himself & would talk Litle afterwards 
but soon Left us & we got home about midnight 

the next day Smith & I took the courage to ask 
M' Harrison for a Coppy of his patent offering him a 
Coppy of ours or any of our papers he pleased which he 
assented to give & he accordingly gave it to M' Nichols 
to coppy for us in whose hands we have read the original 
& we think as to the boundarys its much better Expressed 
than well could have been imagined, Its granted upon 
the petition of the patentees, & they in their petition 
Suggest many benefites to Brittain by the grant of their 
request particulary the raiseing of pitch tarr turpintime 
&c which I believe is a false Suggestion & a Deceit of 
the King in so far as I cannot Learn that there's any 
pines upon the Land I should be glad to know of you 
if there be any & what tract of Ground is pine Land 
upon it 

Theres a Saveing to all persons of former rights titles 

26 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

& interests by patent or Grant before the date therof; 
Sh'd this been before notice here, of that Grant, it would 
have been agreeable to justice & for not being So, I take 
it that the grant is voidable or void in so far as the King 
without that may be guilty of the breach of his promise 
in the Gov" Comm"" that the Gov^^ Grants so & so made 
shall he good & the King must have been Surprized or 
Deceived to run the risque of that 

Smith is getting three hundred Coppies of our patent 
printed to which is to be added the Clause of the Gov" 
Comm' by virtue of which its granted, the whole charge 
will be under £4 which is Less than the cost of makeing 
three coppys of it in writting which would have at Least 
been necessary for to have Sent home for advice of 

M"" Nichols promises to get us the Coppy of the 
English patent to morrow 

yesterday a new Collector came to york (for Burlington 
in the room of Hull removed to New London) who came 
by the way of Boston from London & says that yesterday 
it was ten weeks Since he left London, that about a week 
before he Left it the news of M"" Montgomeries death 
was arrived, that there were Several competitors for 
the Government particularly Lord Forbes & Brigadier 
Sinclare that he heard not that any one was appointed 
I am in hast 


Ja. Alexander. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

att Goldingham 

Cadwallader Golden to Micajah Perry. 
[Not Dated] 

When I wrote to you last summer I did not imagine 
that you ever would have any particular Interest in this 
Country but that you might be desirous to know some- 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 27 

thing of this as well as of the other Plantations so far as 
we are of any use to our Mother Country & I was in hopes 
to renew our old Acquantance by giving you such Infor- 
mation as you may think usefull to you that way But 
soon after I had wrote that letter I heard of your being 
concern'd in a Grant of a Large Tract of Land in this 
Country which instead of giving me pleasure (as in any 
other case it would) gave a good deal of uneasiness be- 
cause thereby my Interest is become opposite to yours. 
However I believe you will not be displeas'd with an ac- 
count of some Circumstances that are Material in con- 
sidering the Validity of our Grant or yours as I am inter- 
ested in the affair & shall confine my self to such Facts 
as are well known & can be ardently made appear, in 
doing this I must likewise confme my self to the bounds 
of a letter 

You have heard no doubt of the agreem* enter'd into 
by Com" from this Gov* & from the Corporation of Con- 
necticut in the year 1683 & y* in pursuance of that 
Agrem* & a Survey of part which was made the next 
year a Tract of 61440 Acres of Land was to be added to 
the Province of New York which Agrem* & Survey are 
upon the Council Books in England From that time 
Several attempts were made in vain by this Gov* for 
running the Partition hues between this Province & Col- 
ony of Connecticut in pursuance of that agrem* & at last 
an Act of this Gov* passt with the Royal approbation 
impowering our selves to run those lines ex parte if Con- 
necticut should refuse to join But that Gov* could never 
be brought to join till the year 1725 that we came to a 
new Agrem* on the Foundation of the old one made in 
the year 1683 I had a considerable share in making this 
new Agrem* being at that time one of the Com" on the 
part of New York & Surveyor Gen' of the Province & 
can inform you fully of every thing relating to that new 

The Com" of Connecticut at their Conferences with 
us said that their Com" in 1683 were under threats & 
Compulsion when they enter'd into that agrem* it being 
made at a time when the King & his Governours in Amer- 

28 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

ica endeavour'd at Despatch & Arbitrary powers & when 
they were threatned to have their Charter taken from 
them & that the Agrem* was never confirm'd by the Cor- 
poration. That the Agrem* was contrary to their Rights 
& the Determination of the Com" sent from England soon 
after the Restoration for sethng the Boundaries between 
the Several Colonies in North America That no Act of 
the Gov* of New York tho confirm'd by the King can 
prejudice their Right or bind them without their consent 
We found like wise a great Difficulty on our own parts if 
we should run the fines ex parte viz That it was Imprac- 
ticable if not impossible to run them according to the 
words of the Agrem* so as not to give just Exception to 
what should be done 

These reasons induced us to come into the New 
Agrem* which is caU'd the Agrem* of 1725 & was after- 
wards confirm'd by both Gov*^ In this the Gov* of New 
York gave the Corporation of Connecticut some assur- 
ance that the Town of Ridgefield should have a Grant of 
so much of their lands as shall upon the Survey that was 
to ensue that Agreemt fall into the Province of New 
York to which Lands they claim'd a right by Purchase 
from the Indians & by the Title of Connecticut & we be- 
Heve the Colony of Connecticut would never have come 
into any agrem* without this assurance 

From the year 25 till last year nothing was done for 
want of money on the part of New York to defray the 
charge of the Survey & probably would have continued 
so if the Inhabitants of Rigefield had not pusht on that 
affair in order to get their lands secur'd to them For this 
purpose they join'd with a considerable number of the 
Inhabitants of this Province to defray the charge of run- 
ning the lines on Condition of having a Grant of 50000 
Acres of the Lands to be giv'n up by Connecticut and ac- 
cordingly an Agreem* was made with this Gov* in the 
Month of August 1730 In pursuance of which a great 
part of the Work was actually perform'd the first of 
December & the whole Compleated in the Spring After 
these people had perform'd their part to the Satisfaction of 
this Gov* they took out their patent for the said 50000 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 29 

Acres & all this was done without the least knowledge or 
Suspicion of any Grant being thought of in England for 
the same lands. I accepted of a Share in the Lands to 
ease the people in the large Sums they were obUged to 
advance a considerable part of which would have other- 
wise been paid to me for my Services as a Commiss' & 
Surveyor Gen' & if there was any favour in the grant of 
these lands I thought my self intitled to some share of 
it considering that I was the principle Instrument of put- 
ting an end to a Dispute that had lasted between two 
considerable Colonies upwai'ds of 40 years & of bringing 
them to an Amicable Agreem* 

Mr. Harison (as I am credibly informed) wrote in the 
Month of December to the Duke of Chandois in order to 
obtain the Kings Grant in England of the same Lands 
Notwithstanding that he perfectly well knew of the Agrem* 
made with the Gov* here & the great Charge the people 
had been at in performing their part of the said agreem* 
& notwithstanding that he had join'd as a partner for a 
share in the Grant here tho' he did not obtain so great a 
share as he desir'd or expected 

These matters of Fact are sufficient I think to set this 
affair in a proper Ught to you & I shall not further len- 
then this long letter by drawing Conclusions that naturally 
flow from them for I am well satisfied that if it appear 
unjust or dishonorable to insist on your grant to the pre- 
judice & ruin of Innocent & poor people you will not do 
it tho it were of ten times the value it really is & I cannot 
forbear thinking that these lands must have been repre- 
sented at above ten times their Value otherwise you & 
the great men join'd with you would never have taken 
the trouble to sollicite such a Grant. I know the lands 
as well as any one person the whole Survey of them hav- 
ing been performed in my presence & under my Direction 
but I am not wiUing you should receive any thing in this 
case merely upon my authority Only I may tell you that 
before the lotts were drawn Some were sold at 2 pistoles 
the thousand Acres over the charges & the highest that 
I remember at 20 pistoles. That above 20000 Acres mil 
not in the age of any person Uving be worth the Quitrents 

30 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

& that taking them one with another, they do not exceed 
the common lands granted every day for the usual fees 
What M' Harisons views were is only known to himself 
but you know that in Companies the Du-ectors often grow 
rich while the Company grows poor If you desire to know 
his Capacity you may learn it from several person now 
in London from New York for he is generally enough 
known here 

Notwithstanding that I have thus declar'd my self in 
a different Interest from you I am not suspicious of loos- 
ing any friendship you ever had for me & I hope for your 
favour in recommending me to the Gentleman who prob- 
ably is before this time apointed our Governour I am 
New York 

To Micajah Perry Esq. Merchant in London. 

Cadwallader Golden to Micajah Perry. 

Your kind letter of gave me the greatest pleasure 
to find that fortune has it not in her power to alter the 
generous Sentiments you Intertain towards your friends 
which must gain you that Confidence that Neither Riches 
nor power can gain. I now live in the Country & wrote 
my first letter from thence at the time a ship was to sail 
for London but it came too late & the person who had 
the care of it sent it sometime afterwards by way of 
Bristol I wrote again to you last fall concerning some 
lands in this Country lately granted in England it being 
then generally thought that you was concerned in it but 
we have since discover'd our Mistake the person's name 
being Jonathan Perry that is nam'd in that grant This 
last letter likewise if it come at all to your hand will be 
of an old date because as several others were concern'd 
with me in the subject of that letter I would not take 
upon me to write without their Approbation & sent it to 
them from the Country for their perusal & it remaind 
some time before the ship sail'd that was to carry it 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 31 

It is probable that you may be acquainted with the 
principal persons concern'd in the Brittish Grant We 
cannot Imagine what advantages have been propos'd to 
them but we are told that it is chiefly from the Mines 
Minerals Pitch Tar Masts & the Fur Trade We that 
are concern' d in the New York grant will cheerfully yield 
them all those Profits or advantages out of the Lands we 
claim provided we be otherwise Quieted & I'l further 
affirm that tho we who live upon the Spot may make 
some profit of these lands they will never be of any Value 
to them tho the title were not Disputed but on the Con- 
trary a loss or pick pocket & some persons who no way 
deserve it will only be the gainers. We wish that they 
would appoint some person they can confide in to examine 
into the truth of this & then I am persuaded they will 
not give the poor people here any further uneasiness 

It will be of no purpose for me to write now on the 
subject you was pleas'd to entertain me because that 
affair i^ now over but the dispute I hope has brought this 
advantage that the Plantation affairs are now better un- 
derstood than formerly they were by the Generality of 
ev'n those concern'd in the Govern* of the Nation 

I persuade my self that so much has been discover'd 
by this Dispute that the Pari* for the future will think it 
adviseable to give the Plantations an Opportunity to 
make their objections before any Acts of great Conse- 
quence pass that may affect the Colonies The Contrary 
practise has had an ill effect some acts have been passt 
upon private Information & Influence discover'd so con- 
trary to the Brittish Interest & Natural Justice that the 
Govern* has never thought fit to put them in Execution 
These things so much lessens the Opinion which the Peo- 
ple ought to entertain of the Wisdom of the Legislature 
that it cannot be too much avoided 

As there seem to be several projects on foot for mak- 
ing the Colonies more usefull to great Brittain I please my 
self with the hopes that some General Hints on the State 
of this Country so far as they may be applied to this pur- 
pose will not be disagreable to you or your friend Mr 
Barnard. And in the first place I may observe That no 

32 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Manufacture carried on in Europe which requires much 
labour can turn to advantage in this Country because of 
the dearness of Labour & want of hands and that it will 
remain so for at least one age is more than Probable 
The reasons of this are first The high rate at which 
Negro's are sold being at about double of their Value in 
the West Indies & Secondly the Great Charge of men- 
taining them especially in cloaths by reason of a long 
Winter in which time likewise they can be of little use & 
it being a considerable while before new Negroes can be 
made fit for the labour of the Country which requires 
skill & dexterity as well as strenth whereas in the West 
Indies & Virginea also little more is requisite but strenth 
& a litle slight [skill?] in useing a how [hoe]. But our 
chief loss is from the Want of White hands notwithstand- 
ing of the great numbers which every year come into the 
Country The hopes of having land of their own & be- 
coming independent of Landlords is what chiefly induces 
people into America & they think they have never an- 
swer'd the design of their coming till they have purchased 
land which as soon as possible they do & begin to improve 
ev'n before they are able to mentain themselves This 
they never fail to do notwithstanding that they every day 
& every where see the miserable state in which these new 
Settlers Uve & that they cannot get in many years the 
tenth part by their labour on their own lands that they 
can by wages if they would work for others but such is 
the desire of being independent & of leaving a certain 
estate to their children that it overcomes all other Con- 
siderations As we have a vast continent for one age at 
least land cannot be wanting at very reasonable prices 
to satisfie the desire of all that come into the Country or 
are born in it. I concluded that there is no danger of our 
Rivalling great Brittain in any of our Manufactures un- 
less the people of this Country be forced upon it by de- 
priving them of their branches of Trade & Manufactures 
by which they are unable to Purchase the Manufactures 
of Great Brittain In the next place that no Manufacture 
can succeed in this Country that are carried on in the 
Northern parts of Europe where labour is so extremely 
cheap & for that reason all our Indeavours of supplying 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 33 

England with Hemp are to no purpose The low prices 
of Grain here has put many on raising hemp & tho' the 
price of Hemp has never been so low as to prevent the 
Importation of European Hemp they that have made 
trials of raising Hemp give it over as of no profit Cer- 
tainly if the Hempen Manufacture can not be carried on 
with profit in the Northern parts of Brittain & Ireland 
where labour is cheap we can have no hopes of it here 
We have very httle land that will raise Hemp with out 
Dung & such as will at first do it is soon wore out & re- 
quires dung as much as in Europe So that our lands give 
us no advantage above the Europeans in this particular 
But we may hope to succeed much better in such things 
as require much land & little labour & for that reason I 
think it would be more for the advantage of Brittain to 
incourage our Raising of Provisions especially of Beef & 
Pork by discourageing the same in Ireland while the 
Hempen Manufactures are by all means incouraged in 
that Kingdome The Incouragem* of our Lumber Trade 
seems to promise the most naturally of any thing to suc- 
ceed well because in the cleaning of our Lands we are 
forced to destroy a great deal of Timber & that at a 
considerable charge so that we desire more than to be 
paid for the labour of cutting it up into such seizable stuff 
& of Transporting it to the sides of the Rivers where the 
shipping can take it in We have many Saw Mills & 
understand them well so that we can furnish all Europe 
with boards & Plank of all sorts and all sorts of Square 
Timber & Scantling Stuff as well as Masts of all seizes 
So that if large fly boats were sent to the Plantations as 
the Dutch do to the Northern & Eastern Countries I am 
persuaded it would succeed well because as I observ'd be- 
fore this Trade is adapted both to the Nature of the Coun- 
try & the Humour of the people that are bent upon clear- 
ing of New Lands. But then Traders ought to be im- 
plor'd here to have the ships loadings all ready at the 
Rivers side before the ships sail from England & to put 
the people upon carrying their timber the prices of all 
sorts of timber should be made publick & their money 
paid so soon as brought to the Landings & the prices 
offer'd at first should be as large as the Trade will bear 

34 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

after the Country has generally fall'n into this Method 
of Trade the prices may fall if the profit be found too 
small for the Merchant This Method I think can be 
attended with htle risque to the Merchant & will be the 
most effectual means of setting the Country to work 

There are some other things that our Chmate may be 
pecuharly suited for that will not grow to advantage in 
Europe of which sort I believe Rheubarb may deserve our 
thoughts It grows in Tartary in much such a Climate as 
ours is there is a great Consumption of it & is sold at a 
very high rate & I cannot think but out Turky Merchants 
may find ways of having it Transported to iVmerica by 
the seed or if that will not do ev'n by taking care to send 
fresh roots & it would well Answer the charge The Dutch 
have now transplanted the Coffee tree to Surinam & are 
allready all most able to serve all Europe from thence 
The French have transplanted the Cocoa tree to Mar- 
tanico [Martinique?] & raise considerable quantities of 
that fruit. I wish our Islanders would Imitate them in 
Industry & Labour & they would have no reason to com- 
plain I cannot think it impossible to get the Spices of 
the East Indies transplanted to the West but rich people 
too often chuse rather to gain with ease & laziness by 
Monopoly & abridgeing our Trade than by inlargeing it 
with Industry 

I designed to have mention'd some things more pecu- 
liarly suited to our Climate & that are not of European 
grouth but I have allready trespassed so far on your 
patience that I cannot otherwise excuse it than that by 
lenth of my letter have endeavour 'd at least to show how 
desirous I am of intertaining you & that want of Capacity 
not want of will prevents me from doing it more to the 
purpose If there be any thing you want to be more par- 
ticularly inform'd of or any thing wherein I can serve 
you I will receive your Commands with the greatest pleas- 
ure for I am very desirous that you believe me to be as 
I really am 

Your very affectionate & obed* 

humble serv* 


Copy of a Letter to 
Alderman Perry 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 35 

To Mrs. Cadwallader Golden. 
My Dear 

I have yours by the Bearer M' Nottingham I have 
nothing to inform you off but that I am in good health 
& that I at present know of nothing to detain me after 
Saturday if I then can have a passage. You may tell 
Coll Mathews that we have more good chances as to 
the Equivalent lands than I thought we had before I 
came doun Remember me to the Children I am 
Your Most affectionate 

Cadwallader Colden. 

New York 
Aug IV^ 1731 


To M" Golden 

at Goldenghame 


From James Alexander. 

Newyork Nov 22 «» 1731. 
Dear Sir 

I had the favour of yours concerning the boards but 
it came So late that none of the Albany Sloops then here 
resolved this Season to come down again, so that it waa 
hardly possible to get them to Deliver them as you 
desired, if you write to Mr Collins he can dureing this 
winter make a bargain for delivering them in the Spring, 
my Share of charge concerning Newburgh pursuant to 
our articles I shall be ready to pay upon Sight of any 
order for that purpose 

Yours of the 9*^ instant I had on Fryday night when 
I returned from a meeting at whitestone with persons 
appointed in behalf of our partners of the Equivalent 
Lands, where that matter of Blagg was had under our 
Consideration & all the means we could think of proposed 
for Counterplotting Harrison in that matter Either by 

36 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

fair means with Tinsdale & to cause them to Lease under 
our title &c if not then to get them peaceably by art 
moved off 

We were at whitestone a great part of two days where 
was also M"" Clarke, all the time, & much more frank than 
at the former meeting with him which I acquainted you 
of, for Since that time he assured us by Letter that he had 
wrote to the EngUsh patentees rehnquishing & refuseing 
to accept of that 2000 acres was offered under their 
patent & is resolved to Stand & fall by our title for which 
& other Services he can be of to us he Lets us know that 
he Expects to be considered in the charge of our defense 
but how much he ascertains not 

Att that meeting M' Smith & I acquainted them with 
what Steps we had taken for the publick benefite which in 
Substance were these 

We prepared for England Coppies 1 of the bounds of 
Connecticut patent 2 those of Newyork, 3 coppy Setle- 
ment of Line of 1664, 4 agreement & Survey of 1683 & 4, 
5thiy agreement & report of 1725, Q^^^^ Surrender of 14*'' 
May 1731, 7^^^^ Eyles's patent S^^^^ our own patent, 
9*^'y answer to Mr Harrison Advertisement lO**'^^ coppy 
of your Letter to M' Perrie. Upon which M' Murray 
M' Smith & I with our best thinking stated 24 Questions 
& Sent all to M' Paris, with 25 guineas in order to Retain 
two of the best Council of England for us & one Laborious 
Council to Consider the Said papers & answer the Queries 
with his reasons & book cases that Sway his opinion I 
made two plans as well as I could one to Express the 
Situation of the Connecticut & York patents the other to 
Express the Lines of 1664 1683 & 1731 with whats re- 
markable in the transactions about the matter in ques- 
tion, to help the imagination of the Council who should 
answer the questions, of which preceeding the persons 
mett approved 

four of our Queries were concerning the Kings promise 
in the Gov" Commission which Queries wt the answers 
to them we desired M' Paris to Lay before the Governour 
acquainting him now nearly that matter concerned his 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742 37 

We inclosed a Coppy of our patent & advertisement 
in your Letter to Micajah Perry & coppies of these we 
sent to Each of the English patentees in blank Sheets of 
paper disireing M' Paris to deliver all we also desired him 
to reprint the advertisements in one or two of the London 
Newspapers we Sent him also Loose Half a Dozen Cop- 
pies of our patent & of the printed Advertisements here 

Att that meeting at Whitestone we agreed upon the 
form of an agreement for mutual Defense to be Executed 
by all Concerned in the Equivalent Lands which is what 
I beUeve you have Seen in my hands but Sundry amend- 
ments are made to it Ireland & Thomas carried it with 
them in order for the approbation of the Country partners 
& getting Ridgefield to join in it, but with Directions not 
to accept of Ridgfield without agreeing to pay as much 
for one acre of theirs as we for the Defense of two of ours 

Smith & I raised the Spirits of our partners mett by 
buying Lott N° 13 of Wnan [?] Roots for what it Cost him, 
wMch convinced them of the Sincerity of our opinions of 
the goodness of our own & badness of our Antagonists 
title, we should be glad to know your opinion of that Lott 

Tho' Eyles's patent as to the bounds is as well worded 
as could have been done, yet the Last Clause of our ad- 
vertisment with our discovery of the agreement of 1664 
which we knew not of when I Last wrote to you, will 
Show you that we don't think Eyles's patent does include 
the Lands in question but what's there granted must be 
to the westward of the Line of 1683 & to the Eastward of 
the Line of 1664 or of the first West bounds of Connecti- 
cut, our Advertisement shows some of our Sentiments as 
to the Deceit of both the King & grantees in that patent 

At White Stone meeting we agreed that after Signing 
our agreement the next Step of moment should be for all 
Concerned to Sign a Representation of our Case to the 
King & to get the General Court of Connecticut to Address 
the King in our behalf beseeching his Majestys interces- 
sion with the EngUsh patentees that we may be quieted 
Either by their releaseing to us or by haveing their patent 
declared void by scire facias or otherways 

The Substance of the Connecticut Address we think 

38 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

may be Setting forth the bounds of what was granted 
them how for peace Sake in 1664 they Quited with above 
9/10*'>« of their bounds that by their fears & Superior 
power of the Duke of york their Comrs were Led into the 
agreement of 1683 which they never would have confirmed 
had it not been that in 1725 it was verbally agreed that 
the people Setled by them should have had the grant of 
their improved Lands & that the Govr* of Newyork by 
the act of the Gov' & Council on S'^ Sep' 1730 did agree 
accordingly to grant those Lands & then & not till then 
they by the act of their body of October 1730 Did con- 
firm the past transactions about their bounds without 
which act his Majesty could not have made title to the 
Lands in question, & as their intention was by that their 
act that their people Should be Setled in peace, humbly 
hope that his Majesty will interpose to remove Every 
thing that may obstruct their intention or disturb those 
people in their possessions 

This we thought also you was most capable to put 
into Such a Light as maybe of use to us, & will best go 
down with the general Court, for you by your Conversa- 
tion w* their Com" on these heads best know the truth of 
those facts & their Sentiments, & should be glad at your 
Leisure you would prepare a Draught of Such an address 
& transmitt it to us by the pass this winter that we may 
in March have it Communicated to the Connecticut 
Demagogues for their approbation before the meeting of 
their General Court in Aprile 

We should be glad you would also make a draught of 
our Representation to the King & Send it at Same time 
if you have not & want the agreement of 1664 I shall 
Send you a Coppy of it, & also of the bounds of Connecti- 
cut & york patents 

Smith & I had Some chat with Claws about Draining 
the Waywayanda drowned Lands I remember to have 
had Some with you about them, & Advised Claw's as he 
is going your way in a week or two to talk with you about 
it & if possible to get you to trye with a water Levell 
what Solid quantity of Rock is to be taken away in order 
to give outLett Enough to the water, for without that it 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 39 

was impossible to know whether it was practicable or not, 
for tho it might Look Practicable & Easy to be done by 
inspection, yet when you come to Computation the thing 
might Look with a Different face & to give him an 
Example, I Supposed that one man might bore four times 
12 inches deep in the rock in one day, that at Each time 
a piramed was blown out whose base was a Square foot & 
highth a foot which was i^ of a Solid foot, & so a mans 
work for a day was a whole Solid foot, & Suppose also 
the place to be dug was ten chains Long fourty foot wide 
& 20 foot deep, it will be found by Computation that 100 
men will not do the work in Seventeen years allowing 
them to work 300 days in a year & thats more than they 
could do by 34 at Least, If you find the thing practicable 
to be done for 8 or ten thousand pound charge I think it 
might be worth while to think upon the matter & to 
Secure the Lands (for the greatest part of them Lye in 
jersey) & to get a Company of about 20 able persons to 
join in the work, & would that Sum defray the charge I 
think it would be the most beneficial to the province & 
to the partners of any undertakeing that can be thought 
of for that a [torn] would yield hemp Enough to keep 
the ballance of trade with England on the Side of this 
province which could we once Effect, we should soon flow 
with money, I am Yours 

Ja. Alexander. 

From James Alexander. 

Newyork Decern' 23*^ 1731. 
Dear Sir 

I have the favour of yours of Decern' 6*^ & 10*^ had 
either of us thought it would not have been to your Like- 
ing to have Sent a Coppy of yours to Paris I am well 
assured we would have been Loath to have done it had 
we been never So well assured of the Service of it to the 
Cause, but as you Submitted it to our judgements whether 
the original should be Sent to M' Perry if we thought it 
proper, and as M' Perry it Seems is not the Perry who is 

40 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

concerned ag* us we thought it of use for the cause to 
Send a Coppy of it to M' Paris, & to Submitt the original 
to him & the Council he Should advise with to deliver it 
or not as they should think it most adviseable we Saw no 
further care nor Caution that could be wanting as to that 
Letter, & I do not believe you'll upon the most Serious 
Consideration find any thing amiss in it or that all the 
world may not See 

As to our Sending the printed advertisement to 
England & haveing it printed there Murray Smith & 
myself were clear of the mind that it was of use, & our 
partners mett at Whitestone unanimously approved it, 
possibly it may be wrong but if it had been so, yet we 
should have acted wrong not to have done it, while 
we thought it of use, and have not altered that opinion 
as yet 

Nor have I altered my opinion as to the propriety 
of the Sending coppies of the papers themselves to be 
advised upon & as to the Confusion that may arise from 
Such a method I think & we all thought it was cured by 
the Queries referring each of them to the particular 
paper & papers & parts of the papers necessary to be 
Considered for the Solution, we well know the Conse- 
quence of cases Stated, & that opinions upon them are 
but precarious being Lyable to two possible defects 
whereas the other way is but Lyable to one the two 
defects are mistakeing, & mistake in opinion on the 
State, wheras the other is but Lyable to the Last, a few 
words in a Deed overseen by the Stater of the Case as 
immaterial, often does very much alter the case. 

I am very Glad to hear of that paper of reasons you 
mention for the agreement in 1725, but do not Remember 
ever to have heard that there was Such a paper filed in 
the office, but have understood (& how I came to do so 
I cannot tell) that there was a Letter from the Comm" 
to Gov Burnet for his opinion whether they Should 
Consent to the Demands of Connecticut &c, & that in 
answer you had his approbation before you Consented, 
I heartyly wish you had been here to have put us in 
mind of that paper & to have Set us to rights in Every 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 41 

thing that you think amiss in what we have done, for 
I am Sure could we have done anything better we would 
have done it, & as to the mode of Expression in the 
advertisement we thought it most prudent to Submitt 
it to M' Murray a person cool & disinterested in the 
matter Excepting his fee 

The heads of the address from Connecticut is all that 
I think is needfull; but these ought to be So full & in 
Such order as that a few words altered may turn it into 
an address, & at Whitestone it was the unanimous & 
Serious of opinion of Every one there that you should 
draw it as in my former I told you as also that you 
Should draw the representation, & why it Should more 
Look Like banter to desire those things of you, than it 
would have done to have desired them of anybody Else, 
I am Sure I am at a Loss to See for we are all well assured 
you know more of the transactions of this matter than 
any body concerned, and therfore I think the fittest 
person to do them & if you don't theyll probably remain 
undone, that very fact concerning these reasons is a 
very material thing which we have no knowledge of & 
doubtless you know many things from your Conversa- 
tion with the Comm" that we are as yet Strangers to 
wherfore I beg for your own & all our interests that 
you'll not turn Serious things into banter & therby 
prejudice our Cause, how I wrote about these things in 
my Last I cannot now tell for it was in Some hurry & 
I have no Coppy, but Sure I am that I had no thoughts 
of banter in the matter 

M' Mathews has desired no Assistance of me in the 
matter you mention, if he does, I shall readyly do whats 
in my power 

As to the matter of the drounded Lands Claws is a 
13*^ owner of them & has Such a notion of them that he 
is resolved not to Sell but will readyly Endeavour to 
buy out others, So that should he prove a bad partner 
yet there will be no getting quitt of him, I have heard 
the Same matter talkt of in toun here amongst Some of 
our Chief merchants, where they thought it might be 
Easyly done all that was necessary to give a vent, for 

42 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

they Said they were well assured it was not above half 
a mile that would be necessary to be dug, But that 
assurance had a very contrary Effect upon my thinking 
viz that if there was half a mile to be dug & that probably 
in hard rock, it was beyond the reach of all the pockets 
in the province to perform it. I find there are So many 
that have a notion of the great value of the thing which 
will undoubtedly render the purchaseing dear, that I am 
Cooled as to any further thinking of the matter Especially 
Since I have heard that it would require half a miles 
digging & probably it is more than Less 

Theres no material news by the bever or Since but 
what's in the publick newspaper only this that by the 
Last Boston post we heard that a Ship which had Sailed 
from London about the midle of October gives an account 
that the Competition Still remained for the Government 
of New York undetermined, & as that was the Last Ship 
Expected there this winter possibly we shall have no 
news of his appointment till he brings it himself 

I heartyly wish your family may avoid the Small 
pox till M" Colden is well again, for it would certainly 
be terribly to come in your family while she is in that 
Condition, however Some have got over it here where 
even the mother her Self has been taken with it while 
big, which is a worse case than M" Coldens for she 
certainly had had it her Self, Inoculation takes mightyly 
upon Long Island I have been told today that upwards of 
Seventy have been inoculated within this fourtnight 
there & that about fifty are to be inoculated next week, 
about three weeks agoe I heard Seventy persons Coimted 
in this toun Morrisania & Jamacia who had been incou- 
lated & not one had died, & hitherto I have not heard 
of one that has died of inoculation, & this Experience 
I doubt not would soon induce you to inoculate your 
family were it not for the particular Circumstance of 
it. My wifes & my humble Service to M" Colden I am 


Ja. Alexander. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

att Goldingham 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 43 

Survey of six tracts of land in Orange County, N. Y, 

Pursuant To A warrant Dated The Sept' 26**^ 1730 
And to me directed by His Late Excellencey John mont- 
gomerie Esq' Captain Generall and Governour in Chief 
of the province of New-york 

Survey'd By my Deputy Charles CUnton for Gabriel 
Ludlow And William Ludlow Gentlemen The Six tracts 
or parcells of Land herein after mentioned Scituat Lying 
and being in The County of Orange being Some of the 
vacated and Reassumed Lands Late of Captain John 
Evans The first of The Said Tracts or parcells of Land 
is lying and being in The Highlands near part of the 
Dunderbergh hill which Lyes back in The woods from 
Hudson's River; And Beings At a Whitewood Tree 
mark'd with three notches on four Sides Standing near 
the Southerly Side of a Ridge of Rocks lying on the South 
Side of a Brook there Called by the Indians Sickhassen 
Kill & by the Christians Stoney Brook Which Brook 
Runs into An other Brook there Call'd Puplop's Kill 
and The Same Tract Runs from The Said white wood 
Tree South fourty five Degrees west Sixty five Chains; 
thence South Seventeen Degrees East Eighty Chains; 
Thence South Sixty Seven degrees West Seventy Six Chains 
thence North thirty Seven Degrees West one Hundred 
And twenty One Chains Thence North fifty Eight Degrees 
East one Hundred And Seventy Chains and Thence 
South thirty Degrees East fourty two Chains to The 
place where the same Tract of land Began Containing 
one Thousand four hundred and thirty Seven Acres of 
Land And the usuall allowance for Highways The Second 
Tract of the Said Tracts & parcells of Lands Lyes in 
the Highlands Near the Said first Tract of Land and 
begins at a white Oak tree marked With Three Notches 
on four Sides Standing on the Northside of the Said 
Brook Call'd puplop's Kill, Back from Hudsons River 
into the woods at a place where the aforeSaid Sickhasan 
Kill (or Stoney Brook) Runs into the Said Puplops Kill 
or Brook; And the Same Second tract Runs from The 

44 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Said White Oak tree East Seventeen Chains Thence 
north E Twenty Degrees East Sixty Chains Thence 
North Eleven Degrees West fourty two chains Thence 
West thirty Four Chains; Thence South fifteen Degrees 
west Sixty Seven Chains Thence South Seven Degrees 
East thirty five Chains And Thence East Seventeen 
Chains to the place where the same Second Tract of 
Land Began Containing four Hundred And Seven Acres 
and ye Allowance which is usual for high wayes. The 
Third of the Said Tracts or Parcells of Land is Lying 
and being in the Highlands And Begins At the End of 
Thirty one Chains Distance (measured on a Streight 
Line A Southerly Course along the Bank of Hudson's 
River) From a place there CalFd the Stoney point Opposit 
to martlers Rock, And Runs from the End of the said 
thirty One Chains (Along the Banks of the Said River 
southerly in a Streight Line) One Hundred And Twenty 
five Chains Thence north west one Hundred And Thirty 
two Chains Thence North Twenty Seven degrees East 
fourty One Chains thence South Eighty one degrees 
East one hundred And Thirty two Chains to the place 
where the same third tract of Land Began Containing 
nine hundred ninty and one Acres besides the usual! 
aUowance for Highwayes. THE FOURTH of the Said 
Tracts or parcells of Land (being part of the Highlands) 
Begins On The South Side of the next Hill that Lyes 
to the Southward of Butter Hill (one Chain to the North- 
ward of a Small Run of Water that Runs into Hudson's 
River) at a pine Tree marked with three notches on one 
Side Standing near the Same River and Runs from The 
Said Pine Tree along the Said River as it Runs (a Course 
near South thirty Degrees west) Sixty Chains Thence 
North fifty Eight Degrees west Sixty one Chains Thence 
north thirty Degrees East Sixty Chains And thence 
South fifty Eight Degrees East Sixty one Chains to the 
place where The Same fourth tract Began Containing 
three Hundred and fourty nine acres and The XJsuall 
allowance for Highways THE FITH of the Said Tracts 
or parcells of Land is Lying and being in the Highlands 
and begins at two pine Trees marked with three notches 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 45 

on three Sides Standing on the South Side of Butter hill 
near Hudson's River And Runs from the Said two pine 
trees Along the Said River as it Runs (a Course near 
South thirty five Degrees East) fifty Chains thence 
South fifty five Degrees west Sixty five Chains thence 
North thirty five Degrees west fifty Eight Chains thence 
North fifty five Degrees East Sixty five Chains to the 
Said River and Thence along The Same River Eight 
Chains to the place where The Same fifth Tract of Land 
Began Containing three Hundred and fifty nine Acres 
of Land and the usuall Allowance for High-wayes And 
the Sixth of the Said Tracts or Parcels of Land Begins 
at the End of Seven Chains Distance (measured on a 
Course South fifty five Degrees west) from Two Large 
pine Trees mark'd with three notches on three Sides 
Standing on the south Side of a Brook that Runs through 
the Easterly Comer of Pattrick McGregory's Pattented 
Lands where an other small Run of water Runs into 
The Said Brook And The same Sixth Tract Runs from 
The End of the Said Seven Chains South thirty five 
Degrees East fifty one Chains Thence north fifty five 
Degrees East Seventy five Chains Thence North thirty 
five Degrees west Sixty four Chains Thence South fifty 
five Degrees west Seventy five Chains and Thence South 
thirty five Degrees East Thirteen Chains to the place 
where the Same Sixth tract of Land Began Containing 
four Hundred and fifty Seven Acres of Land and the 
usual allowance for highways Given und"" my hand this 
fifteenth Day of October 1731. 

From Micajah Perry, 

London, Dec 27»»' 1731. 

Cadwallader Colden Esq' 
I was very agreeably surprized, not long ago, with 
your Letter of the 29*'' Jime it had a long passage for it 

46 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

did not reach me till the last month It brought to my 
remembrance an acquaintance of many years Standing 
which without a complement I shall be very desirous 
of renewing. I had heard indeed that you was settled at 
New York, I hope you have met with success in your 
undertakings, which I shall be glad to hear of, if I can be 
able to do you any service you may very heartily com- 
mand me; I am obliged to you for your offers to let me 
into the knowledge of y affairs of your province. I wish 
you had done it already, for I doubt before I can receive 
your answer The mischief will be done, last year when 
the Sugar Islands presented their petition it was a good 
deal of surprize to me to find no advocate in The House 
of Commons for the Continent but my self, & I very un- 
equal to such a task, however I ventured to deliver my 
sentiments as well as I was able, & had the good fortune 
to bring over to me one M' Barnard a Colleague of mine 
& one whose name I am pers waded has reached you, with 
that Genf^ assistance I made as good a stand as I was 
able I will not Entertain you with the History of our 
proceedings, as They are in print so I make no doubt 
but that you have already seen them, many & Various 
were the argum*^ that were used, but amongst others it 
was laid down as a fundamentall that the Islands were 
the only usefuU Colonies we had & that the Continent 
was rather a nusance it happned a little unluckily that 
I had at that time in my hands an account from the 
Custom house of the amount of the duty on Sugars im- 
ported from all the Islands & I made it appear that I 
paid more duty on Tobacco singly, than they all did upon 
their importation, I had also an acco* of their Exports & 
it appeared that my family have Exported more of the 
Manufactures of this Country to the Continent than the 
Island of Barbados Ever took off in one year, when I 
examined their number of shipping There was no pro- 
portion, no more than there was in The Ballance which 
the Severall commodities brought from the Continent & 
sent into severall parts of Europe produced that the 
french have greatly increased their sugar plantations 
is too evident & it even to be wished that some method 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 47 

could be found out to prevent it, but whether the way 
they now are in, will not be productive of more evill than 
good consequences is a doubt with me there is a good deal 
to be said about the molasses as they have no plantations 
or very few of their own, it must in probabillity be thrown 
away, if your people did not take it but then if you are 
prohibited, it seems very naturall to me that they will 
fall to distilling it themselves & supply the whole fishery 
at Newfoundland with it, then I am in doubt whether 
if the french Molasses be forbid whether the Islands can 
supply you with a quantity equall to your wants, & if 
they do it will be at a very high rate in that case Know- 
ing your Country very well, its plain to me that you will 
grow Barley & provide yourselves with spirits within your 
selves which I should think would be attended with worse 
consequences to the Sugar Islands than the present, as to 
the other part the prohibiting of Lumber, I own it ap- 
pears to me in a ridiculous light it will only put them upon 
being supplyed from Quebeck, Cape Briton & the Missis- 
sipi which however difficult it may appear necessity will 
make Easy, these were the two principall points aimed at 
last year & I have good reason to apprehend will be 
attempted & Carried in this ensueing Session there was 
nobody appeared of any Consequence for any part of 
the Continent but New England Except my self for 
Virginia, who you employ I do not know, but if you will 
supply me with any materialls if they come in time I will 
make the best use of them I am able I shall allways think 
my self obliged to support the intrest of the Continent 
of America from whose favour & good will I very grate- 
fully own, I owe the little fortune I am Master of; there 
is a Gent° lately settled in your place an old friend & 
acquaintance of mine one M' Daniel Horsmanden he 
practices the law, if you can be able to give him any 
assistance in his profession I shall be obliged, I think if you 
are not already known to him you will be pleased with 
his acquaintance there is another Gent" M' Arbuthnot 
who I fear is hardly living, if he is you will do me the 
favour to present him my service as also to M' 
Horsmanden I have I doubt tired you with my long 

48 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Epistle, if there are any of our old Philadelphia ac- 
quaintance Liveing you will present them my Compli- 
ments to accept of my Sincerest wishes for your Health 
& prosperity very truly 


Your most humble Servant 
MiCAJAH Perry. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 
at New York 
under Gover to Jn" Moore Esq' of Philadelphia. 

Cadwallader Golden to Gilbert Livingstone. 

Jan"^ 17t»' 1731/2. 

I have not heard any thing of our afifairs at Rochester 
for several months & must therefore beg the favour of 
your informing me what you know of it 

My business last fall would not suffer me to wait on you 
& since that I have heard that the small pox was in every 
house at Kingstone which made me apprehend my Visit 
might be troublesome & incovenient & my going there 
would have made my own family uneasy. I must desire 
you to direct to M' Bruyns care because otherwise I know 
not how it may come safely to my hands. Please to offer 
my humble service to our Partners I am 

Your humble serv* 

Gadwallader Golden. 



at Kingstone 

From James Alexander, 
Dear Sir 

I Received this post a Letter from Van Schelluyne at 
Albany wherein he Offers for our Land in the Mohawks 
Country five hundred pounds and Says if we will Ac- 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 49 

cept of it he will Come by the first sloop in the Spring 
and bring the money 

I have wrote to him to this purpose that we intend to 
Sell the Low Land which is 93 Acres or there abouts, and 
also the piece of Swamp which is joining upon it & 
reckoned almost as good as the Low Land, and is esteemed 
to contain near 30 Acres, And also as much of the upland 
that adjoins to it as we sold Vanalste and Scrimley & if he 
inclines for 100 or 200 Acres more of upland, we should 
not stand out upon it: But the mines that may be dis- 
covered in it with Necessarys for digging & working them 
must be Reserved as in the Deed to Scrimley and Vanalste 

But another person made offers for it Last fall, and I 
promised not to Sell it till the first Sloops in the Spring, 
when that person promised to Come down and Resolve, 
So all that I can promise is that if that person comes 
not by the first or Second Sloop in the Spring, or when 
come if he gives not more than you'll do then you shall 
have my Consent to have it for a Little more than You 
offer, and I now write to Doctor Colden for his consent 
to the same and whichsoever of you will give most ready 
money shall have it. 

The above I say is the Substance of what I now write 
to Schelluyne & I hope for your approbation of it by the 
first opportunity and should I conclude a Bargain I shall 
send them to you to Sign the Deed as they return to 
Albany and with half the Consideration money sold for 

To this business I suppose it will not be unacceptable 
to add a little News, and all the foreign worth mentioning 
that I know of is, that one Capt Lawrence Arrived here on 
Saturday last from Barbadoos, who says he Sailed from 
thence the 12*^ of January, and that Ships from London 
of the beginning of December were then Arrived there 
who give a Certain Account that Coll Cosby is appointed 
Governour for this place, he is a Gentleman of a good 
Character, is married to the Earl of Hallifaxe's Sister & 
has Children, he was before appointed Governour for the 
Leeward Islands, & was fallen down the River to go to his 
Government, but on the News of M' Montgomeries 
death, he returned to London and Chose this Govern- 

50 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

ment, its said Captain Pearce is appointed for the Vir- 
ginia Station and to Come in the Spring and if so very 
probably he may Come with him 

As to Domestick news I send you below a Coppy of 
Some Objections made by James Delancey to drawing 
for the Sole Salary to the president, which delayed the 
Signing of the presidents warrant, of December 1«* till 
the 7*** Instant dureing which time the president got Coll 
Morris's opinion & he clearly answered in my opinion to 
it without Answering particularly the 5^^ 6*^ & 7*^ Rea- 
sons, but tho' his reasons were Convinceing to me, yet 
that no part might remain without a particular Answer, 
I drew an Answer to these three, which answers being 
read in Council, Clarke being present it was voted by all 
except Delancey that the president should have the whole 
Salary Kennedy was not present he being of Opinion 
with Delancey. 

The Substance of the answers was this that the Com- 
mission gave the President Like powers with the Gov- 
ernour, and therefore were there no Instruction, no reason 
could be shown why for Like Services the Like reward 
should not be, but the Instruction directs only the Halfe 
in Case of Absence and not in Case of Death therefore 
the Case of Death remains as if no such instruction were: 
And with this, that the whole was formerly agreed to by 
the Fullest Council that could be got, Summoned on pur- 
pose, and without any Objection from the then Sitting 
Assembly whose opinion by their Speaker was askt in the 
matter and had they any objection, it was their duty to 
have said so; and being once so settled it ought not 
without Clear reason to be Altered especially by a Lesser 

As to the matter of the Equivalent, our printed ad- 
vertisment with other Steps taken by us has not only 
revived our Country partners who had Desponded but 
also has Encouraged a Company of New England people 
to go in the Spring and take a view of the Lands at New- 
fairfield which James Brown is to show to them, & to 
endeavour to purchase for them from the Several persons 
to whom they belong, the buyers will not insist upon a 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 51 

warranty but only upon Security in Case of Eviction to 
refund the purchase money with Six ^ cent Interest, as 
to which M' Clarke thinks that either the Security ought 
to last but for a Certain Number of Years as 25 or 30 
Years at least that the Interest should stop at a Certain 
Number of Years, because they will be enjoying the 
profits of the lands which will after a certain number of 
years sufficiently pay them their Interest, and it would 
be unreasonable that they should be doubly paid it, I 
very well approve of the thought if they will agree to it 
but I would rather than not Sell & Setle, do as they 
desire for in all probability if there be no Eviction in 
20 Years there never will be, and the Longer its delayed 
and the more the Land is Settled the Less Chance is there 
of an Eviction — witness Connecticut Barbadoos, &c. 

James Brown was here since we received Yours to 
Wolcot he says he is pretty sure he can obtain the address 
to be made by the Governour and Council of Connecticut 
but as to the Assembly he says its so many headed a body 
& so tickhsh there's no Certainty in deahng with them 
and better not trouble about them, & we think from the 
Governour & Council will be Sufficient Theres one part 
of your Sketch of the Address which Smith Brown Clarke 
and I think had better be Altered viz that part which 
Supposes the English Patentees to have a grant of the 
Lands in question, which we think ought to be amended 
Smith is now gone to Amboy, and as soon as he returns 
we shall agree upon the way we think it may be altered 
and send it to you by his Brother whom he expects down 
soon I am 

Your most humble Serv* 
New York Febry 21 «* Ja. Alexander. 

P. S. This day arrived Capt 
Row from Antigua who Says 
that the President of Antigua 
had a Letter from England 
acquainting him of Coll Cos- 
bys being appointed for this 

52 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742, 

Indian Deed to John H. Lydius. 

THIS INDENTURE made the first Day of February in 
the Year of our Lord One thousand Seven hundred & 
thu-ty two Between Caregohe Tejonjagarawe Cannerag- 
taharie Egnitee Tewagnidoge Testarrarie Tejase Carog- 
jarageon Ragsotjata Canadagaie and the Cheif Mohawks 
with their People Living on the Mohawk River a Branch 
of Hudson's River of the One part, and John Henry 
Lydius of Albany in the Province of New York Gent" 
Son of the Rev^ M' John Lydius Late Minister of the 
Word of God in Albany af ^^ of the other Part WITNES- 
SETH that the said Caregohe Tejonijagarawe Canner- 
agtaharie Egnite Tewagnidoge Tetarrarie Tejase Carog- 
jarageon Ragsotjata Canadagaie and with the advice & 
Consent of their People In Consideration of the said 
John Lydius his Ten Years Service among them, In- 
structing them in the Christian faith, And Performing 
all the offices of a Minister of the Gospel among them 
As also in Consideration of the Great Pains & Dihgence 
of the s** John Henry Lydius in instructing several of 
them to Read and Translateing & copjdng Several of 
David's Psalme for them His frequent Visits, And many 
Christian & friendly Offices Performed & to be Performed 
for them have GIVEN granted Aliened Enfeoffed & Con- 
firmed & by these Presents DO give grant Alien Enfeoff 
& Confirm unto the said John H. Lydius his Heirs and 
Assigns for Ever. Two Certain Tracts of Land Lying to 
the Northward of the EngUsh Colonies of New England 
near the Lake of Champlane viz One Tract Lying On 
Otter Creek containing about Six Dutch Miles in Width 
& fifteen in Lenth. And Bounded as follows viz Begin- 
ing at the Mouth of Otter Creek & thence Running Six 
Dutch Miles Easterly, From thence Running Southerly 
to the uppermost Falls of Otter Creek Being about fifteen 
Dutch Miles as af "^ be it more or less From thence Westerly 
Six Dutch Miles And from thence Running Northerly to 
the first Mentioned Boundarie Being About fifteen Dutch 
Miles as af <* be it more or less; And the Other Tract lying 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 53 

on Wood Creek and Bounded as follows viz Beginning 
Two & a half Dutch Miles Due North from the Place 
Called Cinjequagtenock or Falls in Wood Creek And 
from thence Running Ten Dutch Miles & a half Westerly 
to the Falls on Hudsons River goeing to the Lake S* Sac- 
rament & from thence down the said Hudsons River five 
Dutch Miles & from thence Running Easterly five Dutch 
Miles from thence Running Southerly three Dutch Miles 
& a half & from thence Running Easterly five Dutch Miles 
& from thence Running Eight Dutch Miles & a half 
Northerly to the first Boundarie With all the Parts 
Members Priviledges & Appurtenances thereof TO HAVE 
AND TO HOLD the two Tracts & Parcells of Land Be- 
foremention'd with their Appurtenances unto the said 
John Henry Lydius his Heirs and Assigns for Ever To 
the Only Proper Use & Behoof of the said John H. Lydius 
his heirs and Assignes forever and the said Caregohe 
Tejonijagarawe Canneragtaharie Egnite Tewagnidoge 
Testerrarie Tejase Carogjarageon Ragsotjata Canada- 
gaje By & with the Advice & Consent of their People 
for themselves their Heirs Executors Administrators & 
Assigns & for every of them Do Covenant Promise and 
Grant to & with the said John H. Lydius his Heirs & 
Assigns by these Presents in Manner & form following: 
That is to Say that at & Immediately Before the Sealing 
& Delivery of this Present Indenture They are the Sole 
true & LawfuU Owners & Proprietors of the said two 
Tracts of Land with the Appurtenances, And are Solely 
Rightfully & Absolutely Seized thereof as of an Abso- 
lute Indefeasable Estate of Inheritance in fee Simple & 
that they have Good Right & LawfuU Authority to Con- 
vey the Same as afores<^ & that the said John Henry 
Lydius his Heirs & Assigns shall at all times hereafter 
Quietly & Peaceably Hold & Injoy all the Lands & 
Premises above Conveyed Takeing all the Issues & 
Profitts thereof Without Any Lett or Molestation of 
them the said Caregoha Tejonijagrawe Canneragtaharie 
Egnite Tewagnidoge Testarrarie Tejase Carogjarageon 
Ragsotijata Canadagare and their Heirs or Assigns or 
any Other Person from by or Under them or any of them 

54 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Also that the Lands & Premises above Conveyed are & 
shall Continue free from all Incumbrances Whatsoever 
Made or Suffered by them or any of them And Lastly 
that they s** Caregoha Tejonijagarawe Canneragtaharie 
Egnite Tewagnidoge Testarrarie Tejase Carojarageon 
Ragsotijata & Canadagare and their Heirs shall & will 
at any time or times hereafter upon the Reasonable 
Requests of the S"* John H. Lydius his Heirs or Assigns 
Make & Execute all such further & Reasonable Assur- 
ances & Conveyances in the Law for the Assureing & 
Confirming of the said Lands & Premises to him or them 
as he or they by his or their Council Learned in the Law 
shall Reasonably Devise Advise or Require. IN WIT- 
NESS whereof the Said Caregoha Tejonijagarawe Can- 
neragtatjarie Egnite Tewagnidoge Testerrarie Tejase Car- 
agjarageon Ragsotijata Canadagare and With the Advice 
& Consent of their People Testified by the Covenant 
Subscriptions & Seals of Many of them Have hereunto 
annexed their Hands & Seals the Date above written 

Was Sign'd Sealed with the Respective Marks 

& Seals of the said Indians 
A True Copy Examined & Compared with the 
Original this third Day of April 1750 
P' me 

John Colden Clerk of the City of Albany. 
Seal'd & Delivered In Pres- 
ence of Barend Vroman Vol- 
kert Dow jun"" 

Cadwallader Colden to Major Woolcot. 

CoLDENGHAME March e*'^ 1731/2. 

I often reflect on the Pleasure I had in your Conversa- 
tion & as often have thought it one of the greatest mis- 
fortunes of my Scituation in the Country to be deprived 
of that Correspondence with my Friends which my being 
at New York would give me It is with much pleasure 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 55 

therfore I am assured that this will have a certain Con- 
veyance to your hands & that if you will favour me by 
directing yours to Mr Alexander's Care at New York 
yours likwise will come safely to me. Nothing gave me 
more Satisfaction than to remember with what Unanimity 
& I fear hints that affair we were then about was carried 
on because it seldome happens so in publick affairs where 
clashing Interests & diferent humours commonly meet & 
I believe you will be no less pleased to have the ends & 
purposes of our agreement fully compleated with That 
there should be an end to Contention & strife with the 
people of both Colonies incouraged in their Settling & 
improving that part of the Country especially that the 
poor people of Ridgefield should be quieted [torn] Posses- 
sions which I remember was one principal view on your 
part in this Agreemt in 1725 I know likewise how much 
you abhor Deceit & Cunning & the throwing a Country 
into Confusion to serve private Interest or Resentment 
& that you will readily give your assistance to defeat 
such sinister Designs 

Your Govern* I saw has had the Condition of the poor 
People of Ridgefield so much at heart that I flatter myself 
you will not be displeas'd with any proposal in their 
favour while they are under their present distress espe- 
cially when what I am to propose for their relief cannot 
properly come any way but from your Governm* because 
we in this Governm* cannot use the same Arguments that 
you may tho' I think them some of the Strongest that can 
be used in their favour which may be done by a Repre- 
sentation to the King from your General Court or if that 
cannot be obtain'd easily from your Governour & Coun- 
cil & if it succeed (as I make no doubt of its Success) will 
be the easiest & quickest relief they can find And as I 
think I cannot so effectually perswade you to this as by 
running over the Arguments which you may use on this 
Occasion I beg leave to take this Method of doing it 
You may set forth how you readily acquiesced in the 
Settlement of the Hues of Devision & Boimdary between 
your Colony & that of New York made by Commiss" 
apointed by King Charles the 2^ the 4*'' day of December 

56 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

1664 tho by your Charter your claims might have been 
extended much farther westward That the said Boundary 
remain'd uncontested till about the Year 1683 when the 
Duke of York had the Chief Administration of Affairs 
& set up a Despotick & Arbitrary form of Government in 
his Dominions in America at which time you were 
threatned with the Destruction of your Charter & of all 
your Privileges That under these threats & others more 
particularly used with your Commiss" in 1683 while they 
were at New York they agreed to a New Boundary several 
miles more to the Eastward within the lands which your 
People had fairly purchased & had actually cultivated 
& improv'd That your Commiss" gave up two entire 
Tounships & agreed likewise to give an Equivalent of 61 
440 Acres of Land for the same Quantity comprehended 
within some other of your Tounships which fell within 
the claim of the Duke of York. That the People of your 
Colony believing that these Concessions had been obtain'd 
of their Commiss" by Compulsion & that all the lands 
so deliver'd up were truely part of the lands granted to 
you by the Royal Charter You did for many years refuse 
to confirm the Acts of your Commiss" which occasion'd 
Disputes between the two Governm*^ & an Appeal to the 
Kings Authority. You having however no ambitious 
views of possessing large Territories but being desirous 
to show your Submission to the Crown by relinquishing 
some part of what you thought your Right That your 
People might be quieted in their just Possessions & that 
great Tracts of Land which by reason of these Disputes 
remain'd uncultivated in both Colonies & entirely useless 
might be improv'd & become profitable to the King & his 
People You did come to a New Agreemt in 1725 & 
confirm'd the same in the Year 1730 by an Authentick 
Act of your Corporation as soon as you had receiv'd full 
assurance from his Majesties Governour of New York 
(who had sufficient Authority for that purpose) that your 
People who inhabited the lands to be deliver'd up should 
not be hurt in their private Properties but have them 
confirm'd to them they yielding the same rents & obedi- 
ence to his Majesty which the Inhabitants of New York 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 57 

do for indeed you may have thought it base & want of 
compassion in you to have given up your People without 
such assurance That the Governour of New York did so 
far mentain his Majesties honour in who's name & by 
who's authority these [torn] were transacted that he did 
every thing that was promised to be done on the part of 
New York. But before these things were fully compleated 
some Persons in England (as no doubt you have been told) 
did obtain a grant under the Great Seal of Great Brittain 
by Virtue of which they lay claim to the lands so deliver'd 
up by your Colony which Grant they obtained privately 
& without informing his Majesty of these things in which 
his Majesties Honour & the Rights of his Subjects are so 
much concern'd & in order to induce his Majesty to such 
grant to them & their associats they did suggest that they 
(the Petitioners in England) would thereby greatly pro- 
mote the Brittish trade by makeing of Turpentine Tar 
& Pitch & by carrying on the Fur Trade with the Indian 
Nations None of which things by reason of the soil of 
these lands & of the Scituation can be done That there- 
fore these false Suggestions must have been used with 
design to deceive his Majesty & that these Petitioners 
under the Colour of his Majesties Grant might rob your 
poor people of the Benefite of that Industry & hard 
labour in which they have spent the greatest part of their 
lives with hopes thereby to support themselves & their 
Children For as these lands have no other advantage 
of other lands in America which are in his Majesties power 
to grant & are otherwise of no greater Value there can be 
no other motive but this cruel Avarice for desiring these 
lands preferable to the others especially since these are 
the least proper of any to yield the Advantages which the 
Petitioners in England propose As the dispossessing of 
these poor People would be accompanied with the greatest 
Cruelty & Injustice in ruining poor laborious People 
merely because they have been Industrious & laborious 
& would likewise be a Breach of all the Promises made by 
his Majesties officers empower' d by his Majesty to make 
such Promises These things considered I say You can 
not but hope from his Majesties Honour in performing 

58 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

all just Promises made by his Authority from his Justice 
& Love to his People from his Compassion & Pity of the 
Distressed & from his abhorrance of all Acts of Cruelty 
that his Majesty will give such Orders & Directions as 
will effectually secure these poor laborious People his 
faithful & loyal subjects in their Rights & Possessions 
who without his Majesties Assistance may be utterly 
ruined & undone & that his Majesty will deterr even the 
most powerfuU from all attemps to oppress & ruin the 
meanest of his Subjects 

Perhaps some Expressions may be thought too strong 
but as you act in a publick Capacity as the Fathers of 
your Country without private Views or Interest or Peek 
but only with a generous View to Assist your own People 
in their Distress these cannot be taken a miss in you & 
it may be thought your Duty to set these things in the 
strongest light you can. I have allready presum'd so 
much upon your Patience that I must break off with 
begging you to offer my most humble Service to M' Laws 
& to Major Eells & M' Lewis who no doubt will contribute 
all they can to bring the Work to the desired Perfection 
which has cost so much time & Expence to Accomplish 
I am with much affection 
Your obedient humble Sevt 

Cadwallader Colden 


Copy of Letter 

sent to Major Woolcot. 

THE GOLDEN PAPER&-1730-1742. 59 

From James Alexander. 
D' Sir 

I had yours of the S*** instant with Major Wolcots 
inclosed which this day is forwarded inclosed to James 
Brown to Deliver. Mr. Brown Sent down his Negro here 
to acquaint us that Mr. Harrison has been upon the 
Equivalent Lands near New fairfield & is about to 
Setle a number of Runaways & thieves there who have 
promised to him, & that next week he and they are to 
return & begin a Setlement Mr Smith and I have advised 
at the Expense of the Compy to Send Some people & to 
keep them off of our Lands & if they will intrude by 
force to repell that force by force 

This news of M' Harrisons Setleing upon the very 
Land that the Company he had got was going to view 
has discouraged them from going, we have sent him the 
best arguments we could think on to Encourage them & 
begged his Endeavour not only to get that place Setled 
but if possible to get Some to Setle at Convenient Dis- 
tances on the Equivalent in order that we may prevent 
being Surprized by M' Harrisons Setleing 

We have no foreign news as yet & Litle home news 
Coll Gilbert & Mr. Horsmanden were Sworn Attorneys of 
the Supream Court Last week who to Distinguish them- 
selves at their first Entrance Did on Fryday Last move 
for & had a Mandamus to the Corporation to restore M' 
Kelly to practice in the Mayors Court returnable the 
first day of next term, which with M' Horsmanden's barr 
gown induced a very numerous audience to the motion 
& makes up a good part of the Discourse of the toun 

Capt Rigs was married Saturday Last to Molly Wats 

Inoculation of the Small pox has had Success beyond 
Expectation both on Long Island & round about Amboy 
& the people get to inoculating themselves, it begins to 
prevail among the Dutch in Kings County, where it has 
been Extremely mortal in the natural way above one 
third haveing Died of them that had it there, Van brunt 
inoculated 17 of his family on Fryday Last, I think of 

60 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

nothing further necessary to add but my wifes & my 

humble Service to M" Golden & all your family 

New York I am 

March 2S^ Yours 

1731/2 Ja. Alexander. 


To CadwaIiLader Golden Esq' 

att Goldengham 

From James Alexander. 
D' Sir 

I have got Phillip Livingston to Engage to buy 120 
inch & half pitch pine boards & to cause them to be 
Landed at Newburgh for the Store houses, tho I remember 
of no Engagement I Entered into concerning that mat- 
ter, & indeed I am Loath at this time particularly to 
Launch out money that way I have So many other uses 
for it. However what in reason is incumbent on one to 
do, I will never be backward in Doing 

you are not Deceived in your opinion of the industry 
of the one man, compared with ours as you'll find by a 
memorandum with James Brown this week whereof a 
Coppy is inclosed, & by which you'll also find that James 
Brown is almost the only one of our Side who takes 
Effectual pains: he haveing on purpose come to this 
place to concert what's there & resolves as far as in his 
power to push the matter and to keep off & putt off those 
whom Harrison has decoyed, & to take the opportunity 
of running our Division Lines for the doing it 

I have obtained the warrant to Survey mentioned in 
the memorandum & am to Send it to him by the post 
tomorrow, & he is to Send a man to you with it to indorse 
it to Jacobus Bruyn on the former agreement with him, 
& in the mean time youll Speak to Bruyn to get ready to 
go as Soon as he Sends 

We have Since heard from Ridgefield that one if not 
more concerned under our patent there has Signed to 
Harrison, & that the young men who have Signed there 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 61 

have been Countenanced by their fathers (who are con- 
cerned with us) in the doing it : This is a piece of manage- 
ment & art that we could hardly have imagined he would 
have carried; If our articles of agreement be not got 
quickly Executed I am afraid he will have art Enough to 
break all our measures by Drawing the Ridgefield people 
off from us, the Delay of Executeing the articles is all 
owing to the Westchester people who Still insist that he 
who had but one Lott at the time of that partition Shall 
have an Equall vote with one that had Eight or any 
quantity, which I think one cannot come into while we 
have our Senses, As to the people of Rigefield they gave 
up this, and would have Executed with us. But how 
Long they will Stay in that mind is what I cannot Say, 
however M' Brown is to Endeavour to push the matter 
with all the vigour possible with the Westchester people 
& if they wont consent then to Send the articles to us to 
be Executed & then to be returned to him & he Doubts 
not but he may prevail on the Ridgefield people as yet 
to Execute 

I wrote to you Some days agoe every thing material 
that we had from England I am 

Yours most humble Servant 
Ja. Alexander. 
New York April SO*"* 


To Cadwalladeb Coldon Esq' 

att Coldingham 

James Alexander. 
Dear Sir 

our Doubts who was our Governour are now Resolved 
Coll Cosby haveing kissed the Kings hand for Newyork 
& Newjersey in January last, & has Sent his privat Secre- 
tary & Some other Servants (by Downing who arrived 
the 20*'') to prepare the house & all things for him, his 
privat Secretary & his wife Lodge at M' Ashfields 

62 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

The Governour was to Saile with Capt Long by the 
tenth of this month & proposes to be here in May, he 
has desired the president to Continue paying the companys 
till he arrives, he writs very rationally & oblidgingly he 
is a man about 45, & gay, has the E of Halifax's Sister for 
his wife, 2 daughters almost women, & a Son. 

I have got Sir John Eyles petition from Mr Paris & 
first order thereon is in March to a Committee of the 
Council that Committee referred it same month to the 
board of trade they report it to the Council & the Council 
report to the King & the King the 4*^ of May orders the 
attorney Gen^' to prepare the grant of all which he has 
also Sent Coppy Examined by two people who came by 

M' Paris has retained for us the Attorney & Soil' 
Gen" & would have Sent Councillor Ryders answers to 
our queries had it not been that he was taken up in oppose- 
ing the Sugar Island act, which we are in hopes will not 
pass Tho its Said they have neglected no Step by money 
or otherways to carry it thro. Nay Even bribed two of 
the best writers for the Northern Colonies of Last Session 
to be of theer Side this, his Excellency writes that he has 
used his utmost Efforts agt it, & makes no Doubt of its 
being rejected 

I wrote to you by M" Niellie that Scrimleys bond come 
to my hands 

Van Schelluyne is not come yet about our Maquat 
river Land I fear my Letter to him miscarried & therefore 
now Send a Coppy of it to him 

Inclosed is an English Letter for you I am in haste 

Ja. Alexander. 
New York Aprile 24*"^ 



To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 


THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 63 

From James Golden. 

Whitsom 27**' April 1732. 
D B 

I had your Last when at Oxnam which Gave us a 
great deal of Satisfaction, nothing you may be sure can 
give us more pleasure, than to hear that you and your 
family prosper but your last to my father gave us Some 
uneasiness, on the account of the prevaling of the Small 
pox with you you was then pleased to tell my father 
that the Smal pox had been inoculat in Some at New-york 
with success, but that you was not inclinable to use that 
opperation, which I am very pleased with and I wish you 
may neither trie that opperation your Self nor encourage 
it in others for tho it becomes us with patience to Submit 
to the holy will of God, in all his dealings with us and 
whatever appHcations he thinks fit to Send upon either our 
Selves or families, yet I can not See what peace we can 
have in our minds in bringing any upon our Selves for 
these afflictions are more properly of our own procuring 
than of his Sending. So as we can have but little hope of 
his assistance to bear us up under them, nor does that 
opperation always answer the end, for there are in- 
stances in England, of person who took the pox again 
after they had had it by inoculation and one Nobleman had 
his only Child inoculat and died of the pox given by 
inoculation you was pleased in one of yours to my father, 
before you got notice my mothers death, to desire him to 
give her thanks for Some tokens She designed, your chil- 
dren, I know not what these may be, for she never Spoke 
of any Such to me, Save half a dozen silver Spoons, 
which She desired me to convey Safe to you which shal 
be carefully done if I live after my father, for I think he 
should have the use of them while he lives, and as for 
the other things, I desire you may let me know what they 
are, and they shal be safely Sent to you, by any hand you 
shal think fit to direct provided they are to be had for the 
house being in Great Confussion at her death, and my 
wife not knowing where my mothers things Lay, Some 

64 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

things wer lost but I found in her drawer a purse with two 
pieces of Gold and 3 or four rings, in it, which I suppose 
may be the tokens she designed, they shal be taken care 
of for your use. You may assure your self that as I hate 
every y" that So much as looks Hke injustice. So I shal 
be particularly carefuU that you shal never suffer dam- 
mage by my means, but wU rather wrong my Self as you. 
I give you hearty thanks that you was pleased to deal 
with your Indian friend, in order to perswade him to Send 
over one or two of his children to be Educat here, but am 
Sorry you could not privall our publick affairs both Civil 
and Ecclesiastick are in very Great confusion and our 
party heats dayly encrease so as there can be but litle 
Satisfaction to a Good man to be concerned in the pub- 
lick. I think I Some time wrot to you to know how 
land was purchased with you and what might be the 
expense of making a purchess of a piece of your uncultivat 
land for I would be Glad to employ any thing I could 
Spare that way that if things Should come to that hight 
that I should be obliged to retire I might have Some 
plan to retire my Self to where I might be beyond the 
reach of these disturbances that are like to be very Great 
here I would have wrot to you long before this but tho* 
that it would be more agreeable that my father Should 
writ at one time and I at another than that we would 
write both at the same time and I was the more inclined 
to delay writing because I hoped I should have then the 
oppertunity of Giving you an account of the Increase of 
my familie which I can now do my wife was safly deliv- 
ered of a daughter on Wednesday was eight days about 
1 of the clock in the morning whom we Named Katherine 
She recovers very well and the Child as all the other 
Children thrive very well I Sent a Sev* to Oxnam on 
monday last who returned and brought a letter from my 
father wherein he told me that he having been last Sab- 
bath at Eckford at the Sacrament and Sitting without in 
the tent he took a faintish fit which obhged him to Go 
home that Night and tho he was better yet he durst not 
venture out to Baptise my Daughter my Greatest con- 
cern now is about him who being Now alone can take 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 65 

but very litle care of him Self and I living at a Distance 
from him can not be so much with him as I would tho I 
am as much as possible and my wife is every much as 
carefuU of him as I can be She is resolved to Go up as 
Soon as She can travil and take the child with her and 
Stay a month if not more with him I beg it of you to 
writ as of [ten] as you can to us which you would not fail 
if you knew with what extraordinary pleasure we receive 
all yours when you See my Aunt pray Say for me what I 
ought to do my Self my wife Joyns with me in Giving our 
Sincerest love to you and Our Sister and your dear 

Your most tenderly affectionat Brother 

James Golden. 


To M' Cadwalladbr Golden Esq' 

of New York 
to be forwarded by the first Ship to 
New York or Boston North America 

Agreement between the Patentees of the Equivalent Lands. 

Articles of Agreemt made indented & concluded be- 
tween the subscribers here to the 18**^ day of May 1732 

Whereas his Maj^ by letters patent bearing date the 
S*-^ day of June 1731 Granted unto Thomas Hauley & 
others 5000 Acres of land part of the lands called the 
equivalent lands lately surrendered by the Colony of 
Connecticut to the Province of New York as by the s** 
letters patent enterd of record in Secr^" office of New York 
in Lib. 10 fol. 5 & the Original deposited in the hands of 
WilUam Smith Gent'' Attorney at Law for the use of all 
concerned relation being thereunto had may more fully 
& at large appear And whereas by release bearing date 
the IS*** day of June afors<^ 4250 Acres of the afores*^ 5000 
as the same is deUneated in the Margin hereof were 
released to Adam Ireland John Thomas & Benj'* Birdsel 
three of the Patentees in the s^ patent mentioned by all 

66 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

the rest of the patentees as by the same release recorded 
in the Secr^^ office of this province in Lib. N Fo. 302 & the 
Orignal desposited in the hands of the s<* Wilham Smith 
may appear And whereas tho the Estate in Law of the s'^ 
4250 Acres of land was in the s'* Adam Ireland John 
Thomas & Benj"* Birdsel yet it was in trust to make 
partition thereof between the Subscribers hereto & to 
make conveyances to the persons to whom by lot the 
respective parts thereof should fall And whereas pursuant 
to the Tenor of Agreement between the Subscribers or 
those under whom they claim the s'^ 4250 Acres were 
divided unto 80 lots nearly of 500 Acres each numberd & 
Scituate as in the Map thereof in the Margin hereof & 
such & so many of the s'* lotts fell to the Subscribers 
hereto or to those under whom they claim as those to 
which the names of the Subscribers hereto or those under 
whom they claim are annexed in the Margin hereof 
which Lotts respectively have been convey'd to the 
persons for whom they fell by Leases & Releases as 
by the leases recorded in the Secretaries office in Lib 
N & the Releases in the hands of the Subscribers to 
whom they were made or their assigns may appear 
And whereas it is agreeable to equity that in case 
of an eviction of any of the parts divided that Satis- 
faction be made to the persons ousted to prevent com- 
ing to a New Division of the remainder which otherwise 
were equitable & therefor it is highly the Duty & Inter- 
est of every one to preserve & support every other person 
in the possession of the lotts fallen to him by being a pro- 
portionable part of all charges & expences necessary for 
a just defence & in case of eviction by paying to the per- 
son or persons evicted a proportionable part of the Value 
of the part evicted Now in order thereto it is agreed first 
that in case any suit or suits shall be commenced by any 
person or persons whatsoever against any of the s*^ sub- 
scribers their heirs or assigns or under Tenants by which 
the title of the Premises can any way come in Question 
or be prejudiced Then upon a Months notice at least to 
be given by the persons sued or molested as follows viz 
as to Adam Ireland John Thomas & Benj^ Birdsel & 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 67 

all persons claiming under them excepting William Smith 
& persons claiming under him by sending a letter with 
the Notice by the Post (or otherwise if safely deUver'd) 
to Cornelius Flamen at Rye or to Such other person 
or persons as at any meeting shall be apointed And 
as to the other patentees & persons claiming under them 
by sending a letter with the notice by the Post to James 
Brown at Norwalk or such person or persons as at any 
meeting shall be appointed And as to the persons claim- 
ing under Wilham Smith by advertising the time of meet- 
ing in the publick News papers It is agreed that the 
Subscribers their Heirs & assigns by themselves or by 
Proxy shall meet in such publick house in New York 
& on such day as the person sued or molested shall 
apoint & when sixty six votes are so met according 
to the s*^ notice such a number of the persons met as 
have two thirds of the Vote mett hereby are impowered 
to assess & rate upon every lot of the premisses such an 
equal & reasonable sum for the owner thereof to pay as 
they shall esteem to be necessary for the defence of the 
person so sued or molested & to fee & employ such & so 
many Council Attorneys & solHcitors for that purpose 
as they shall think fit to appoint the time or times & 
place or places for the paying of the moneys so assessed 
& rated & a person or persons to be Treasurer or Treasurers 
(who is or are part owners of the premises) who is to re- 
ceive & again to pay out & discharge & account for the 
same moneys in such method as they shall direct And 
afterwards from time to time during the continuance of 
such suit & of the appeal & appeals that may be made 
to the Judgemt or decree therein the person molested or 
the Treasurer so apointed shall give notices for further 
meeting for assessing such further moneys as may be nec- 
essary when he with the advice of such council or attor- 
neys as are concerned shall think it necessary 

Secondly Its agreed that in case any persons or per- 
sons whatsoever has or have entered or shall enter or 
threaten to enter upon any part of the premisses or shall 
possess any part thereof & who refuses to remove without 

68 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

a course of Law to oust or eject him or her then the 
owner of such lot or part so enterd upon or possessed who 
is threatened or disquieted shall give such notice of a meet- 
ing of the subscribers their heirs & assigns as is agreed 
upon in the first case & sixty six votes being met two 
thirds of them who are so met shall have like powers as 
in the first case to rate & assess moneys to order the re- 
ceiving & paying out thereof & to do every thing requisite 
& necessary in the case for ousting the person so intruding 
& for quieting the possession of the person or persons 
threatned or disquieted as they are impowered to do in 
the first case but no person disquieted barely by threats 
without actual entry shall give such notices as aforesaid 
till the proprietors of twenty lotts have by writing under 
their hands testified that they esteem such notice neces- 
sary to be given 

Thirdly in case an actual eviction or failing of Recov- 
ery by Decree or Judgemt in Equity or law & upon 
such appeal from them as by the Majority of Votes at 
such meetings shall be agreed on to be brought or defended 
to prevent setting aside the Division & Partition afore- 
said in Equity It is agreed by all the parties afores^ for 
themselves their heirs & assigns excepting the Proprietors 
of the 9750 Acres released to Hauley & others to accept 
of Satisfaction for the land so evicted or not recovered 
which the other persons agree to pay to prevent any 
Disputes or suits concerning what shall be satisfaction 
it is agreed that five pounds per hundred acres with in- 
terest at 4 ^cent from the date of the letters patent 
aforesaid to the time of pajmaent shall be satisfaction 
& so in proportion for a greater or lesser quantity 
of land & in order to the raising such satisfaction the 
Treasurer or Treasurers SolHcitor or attorney who has 
the managemt of the s"^ suit or suits or the person evicted 
or faihng of recovery upon the first certain notice of such 
eviction or faihng of recovery shall give such notice for 
the meeting of the persons concerned as in the first case 
who are hereby impowered to assess & rate the s*^ satis- 
faction in proportion & to order the payment thereof 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 69 

Fourthly it is agreed that two parts be made of these 
Articles one whereof to be kept in New York in the hands 
of William Smith Gent" & in case of his Death or other 
apointment (by the Majority of the Votes of the Sub- 
scribers met upon such a notice as herein before is men- 
tioned) then to be put into & kept in the hands of such 
owner of part of the premisses at that time as by the 
Majority of the Votes of them that shall be met shall be 
apointed & in like manner to be put in another hand 
from time to time upon such apointmt And that part in 
West Chester County to be kept in the hands of Corne- 
lius Flamen but in case of his Death or other apointment 
as afores"^ than in the hands of such person as shall be 
apointed in like manner as before agreed on for that part 
in New York And it is agreed that the Subscribers 
hereto & their heirs or Devisees or execu" shall continue 
to be esteemed owners of or answerable for to pay for the 
lotts for which they subscribe (which they now do for all 
the lotts to which their names are respectively affixed 
in the Map in the Margin hereof unless otherwise specially 
expressed here in at signing & pay their proportions rated 
on these lotts untill (but no longer than till) such time as 
such person or persons have bonafide have bought the 
same or other sufficient person shall subscribe in his 
place for the lot or lots or number of Acres purchased 
either in that part of these articles kept at West Chester 
or that part kept in New York & seal & dehver that part 
so subscribed in the presence of two witnesses signing 
as witnesses to the sealing & Delivery and the Keepers of 
the several parts of these articles shall yearly on the 25*'' 
day of March exchange a fist of the subscribers for the 
past year which lists shall be annexed to the parts of these 
articles respectively in order that the owners of the 
premisses may at either place be known & it is hereby 
declared that every assign or new signer that shall so 
seal & deUver either parts of these Articles shall by his 
signing sealing & dehvering thereof be as much bound 
thereby to every other person who has then sign'd or 
shall hereafter sign either part of these articles as the 
person in who's place he signed was before his signing & 

70 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

all other subscribers shall be m like manner bound for 
him or her 

Lastly|each subscriber hereto binds himself his heirs 
Exce" & admin" to every other subscriber of either of 
the parts of these Articles & more particularly to such 
subscriber as from time to time may be apointed treas- 
urer in the penal sum of two hundred pounds for every 
five hundred acres of land for which he subscribes & is 
in proportion for a greater or less quantity of Acres for 
the true pajmaent of such money as pursuant to these 
Articles shall be assessed or rated for him to pay & that 
to such person & at such times as by Virtue of these 
Articles shall be apointed order'd directed assessed or 
rated & for the true performance of every other thing in 
these Articles on him or her incumbent to perform & in 
order for the more certain payment of the s"^ money each 
subscriber grants covenants & agrees to & with every 
other subscriber his or her heirs & assigns that each five 
hundred Acres lot of land which he hereby subscribes 
hereto as owner of & every part of the s"^ Ridgefield lands 
shall be & hereby is made & every part thereof is made 
subject to liable to & charged with the payment of the 
Moneys that shall from time to time be assessed or rated 
upon the owner or owners thereof to pay by Virtue of 
these presents in whosoever hands the same hereafter 
may be & doth grant that from time to time the said 
money shall & may issue out of the same & that it shall 
& may be lawfull by virtue of these presents to every 
other subscriber of either of the parts of these articles 
his or her heirs & assigns & more particularly to such 
subscriber or subscribers as from time to time shall be 
apointed Treasurer or Treasurers by him or themselves 
or their Bailiffs agents or servants from time to time & so 
often as the said moneys so assessed & rated shall be 
behind & unpaid after the days appointed for the pay- 
ment thereof to enter into & upon the same & by distress 
& sale to levy the s"^ moneys & arrears of the same with 
lawfull Interest thereof from the time the same ought 
to have been paid until the same is fully paid together 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 71 

also with the reasonable charges of the distresses & 
sales & its hereby declared that in all rates & assessments 
each hundred Acres is to be rated & assessed alike so that 
none is to pay more nor less than another. 

It is declared that nothing in these Articles shall be 
constructed to extend farther than the defence & sup- 
port of the right of the subscribers under the said letters 
patent agt all persons who claim or defend by titles op- 
posite to that right & no disputes between persons claim- 
ing the s"^ letters patent are within the meaning hereof 

In all meetings each subscriber to have one vote for 
each 800 Acres & these The articles in force as to all suits 
that shall be commenced within five years unless sixty 
six votes or more agree & then to continue as further 
shall be agreed. 

From James Brown 

NoRWALK May: y« 24*»' 1732. 

I have here in Closed the Warrant under y« seal of the 
Government as you May see to your selfe or deputy I 
have ye last Week Ben at New York and ye gentle Men 
Concerned there for ye Equvelent Lands desire you with 
out faile forth with to come or send your deputy to Mark 
out and distinguish the lots to Each person according 
to draf * and Release at lest those Lots against Newfairfield 
for M' Harrison hath been persuading some persons to 
enter on some part of y« Lands thereby Leases under 
him and In case we should sufer them to be quiet there 
it May Cost us Trouble and Charge to Remove them 
and therefore Its Thought best to prevent there Carreing 
on any Improv*" there under him by pulling down cuting 
up & I have some Money in My hands Which y« Gentle- 
men Concerned in New York have sent up to answer y" 
charges and if any thing be wanting the West Chester 
people will supply us with it who ever Coms I will Meet 
them at Ridgfield and assist them In Caring on ye afair : 

72 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

y*: there is one thing Which give uneasiness to y^ Ridg- 
field people and y* is thay find as they say that with In 
y« Bounds of there Release there is wanting of y« quain- 
tity of Lands mentioned in the Release the Sum of 
Eight hundred acres but how that Matter is I cant tel 
But M' Burt y^ Bearer here of Can Give a Better ace* 
of the Thing than I can I pray you to Look In to the Thing 
and Least Justice be done them by giving directions to 
set up a Line between y^ Ten Miles Released to Ridg- 
field and y« upper lands so y* thay May have y^ Quantity 
Mentioned In y« Releases to them y* I Re Joyce that I have 
Lately had y* pleasure to here of y^ welfaire of your selfe 
and family; and Now Tel you y* Both My selfe and 
Mine are by the divine goodness In good helth all tho 
one of My Children Laboreth under y« paine of a Brocken 
Bone S' I am with due Regards Your very Hum'''*' 


James Brown. 


Cadwallder Golden Esq' 

att Coldengham New York Province 
^ M' Burt These 

From Alexander Golden. 

OxNAM Aug. 5, 1732. 
My dear Son 

I have had no letter from you since y* I had after 
you had notice of your dear mothers death Dated Sept. 
23, 1731 I have another of yours to your brother dated 
in October yr after and since another to your brother in 
law M' James Christie in all y" you manefest your filial 
affection and concern for me in my lonesome condition 
in my old age, whereof I desire to be verie sensible and 
to bless god for, I doubt not of your sympathie w* me 
& of your prayers for me, I am daily more & more sensi- 
ble of the loss of my dear & affectionat wife & do fre- 
quently dream of her you have great reason to bless the 
Lord for the continuance of that conjugal affection y*» 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 73 

between you & dear Allie, and that the Lord was grac- 
iously pleased to restore her to her health to you and 
your children when he was threatning to remove her from 
you I have not been a Uttle anxious about you and your 
famihe because I have not heard from you this season, 
I was longing for some time to hear from you and ex- 
pected to have the satisfaction of it, when I found several 
times news papers from London, that ther wer ships from 
New York come to England, after all Mr Scott (I think 
a nephew S"" Patrick Scott) came last week to this coun- 
trie from New York, he sent word to me y* he was come & 
y* he was desirous to see me, Last monday upon notice of 
this I and your brother (who was then with me) went to 
Ancrum in hopes to have seen him ther, but befor we 
reacht it, he was gone for Edinburgh, and by him I send 
this it was verie satisfying to me to hear from those y* 
he conversed with w* y* when he left New York you and 
your familie wer in health — I apprehend y* you have 
not known of his coming to Scottland els no doubt you 
would have written by him, q* maybe the cause you have 
not written to me Last Spring I cannot conjecture 

According to your desire I wrote to the Marques of 
Lothian to recommend you to your new governour Coll: 
Cosbie, when he came down Last april as commissioner 
to the g^all assembly of this church, he told me y* you wer 
strongly recommended to him by my Lord Hay, & I 
think he said also by ye duke of Argyle w* his desire, & 
also got Coll: Cosbies ladie friend [who is sister to the 
Earle of Hallyfax] to recommend you & y* they said you 
might be verie usefull to the Coll : he being a stranger to 
the affairs & people of New York & y* in particular one 
Mr. Hill comptroller who wer to see y™ & his lady take 
shiping was ingaged to put y™ in minde of you when he 
was to part with him. So y* you see the Marques hath done 
all in his power in your behalfe, he told me also y* you 
had written to himself. 

as to my own case & condition Last winter I fell 
into some verie great faintish fitts, one night at church 
it was in November, 7*'' day before I had been at the 
prespytie, & came home to Oxnam & came home w* M' 

74 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Kirleloun [?] in a fair moonlight night in my ordinary- 
health but about seven of the clock at night was suddenly 
siezed w* a coldnes in my stomack, went to my chamber & 
called for some of the drops of conpound lavender, but 
before the Serv* maid came up I fainted away & fell doim 
on ye floor & was surprized when I came to myselfe to find 
my selfe upon the floor, I was all in a cold sweat & was 
readie to starve for cold before and after I went to bed 
then I mist my dear wife, I have not fallen into the 
hke since, anyr night after I fell under such difficulties of 
breathing in a hot sweat y* I apprehended I was dying, I 
went to bed & it wore off, in Aprile Last I went to assist 
M' Noble at his communion, I stayed there all Saturday 
night, but slept litle y* night, on y^ lords day I thought 
my selfe as well as ordinarly I used to be, I heard the 
active sermon did partake & served two tables w*out 
intermission & after y* I was I thought well, but sud- 
denly in the text I was seized w* a faintish fitt which 
made me leave it & go to M' Noble cause it was verie 
severe which continued long & made me apprehensive 
I was dying, & when I found it begin to abate I took my 
horse & came home fearing I might dye ther, & then I 
took up a resolution to go to no comunicat hereafter but 
where I might come home at night to my bed before that 
I thought I had recovered more strength of bodie, than 
ever I expected in this world, but since y* time, I have 
not had y* strength & freedome from faintishness & op- 
pression of spirit as befor, yet in the begining of June 
Last I advertised to celebrat the Lords Supper here & 
the Lord was graciously pleased to carry me through the 
whole work incumbent on me, not only w*^ bodyly strength 
but I hope inward & spiritual strength on y^ Monday 
before dinner I was not a litle affected w* y® remembrance 
of my dear wife whom I then mist & considerd I had never 
during my whole ministry a communion or Mondays din- 
ner w*out her, my son & his wife were with me my Ladie 
Cranstoun was pleased to come and dine w* us, & told 
me y* she resolved to do it, tho I had not invited her, 
since June in my apprehension I grow weaker in my bodie 
& sometimes almost whole weeks I am under oppression 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 75 

of my spirit which is discouraging yet alwise after sermon 
y* I preach my self I have most spirit and ease, for which I 
desire to bless y« Lord, I may wonder y* the Lord con- 
tinues me so long in the Land of y^ living, when he is tak- 
ing others of the ministry as M' McClay, last September 
M'' Sandilands M' Miller & M^ Grierson all late ministers 
of Edinburgh and M' Douglas late minister at [illegible.] 
M' Telfair a young man late minister at Hawick & M' 
Armstrong at Castletoun all within this last year & pray 
much for me y* I may be carryd through y« last part of 
my Hfe w*out spot & in the future to the glorie and edifica- 
tion of y« people I had almost forgot to acquaint you 
w* the death of M' Thos. Boston amongst others I had 
a letter from M' Stirling one of the Ministers of Glasgow 
wherein he signifys to me, y* I am the oldest Minister in 
this church in y« exercise of the ministerial function, Mr 
Turnbull minister at Tinninghame in east Lothian, & M' 
Robisone (who wer both in the same class with me at 
the Colledge) have diminished ther ministry which I am 
loth to do so long as I am in any capactie for my minis- 
terial work yet I am affraid (if I live till [No]vember) 
of being alone and dying when non with me but ser- 
vants & my asistant for your brother cannot leave y« 
parish except it be now & then in y^ winter & it may 
happen to be such weather then y* he cannot come to 
me w*out hazard of his life yet I desire to resist these fears 
& to commit my selfe to the disposal of a gracious holy & 
wise God who hitherto hath dealt well with me, & I hope 
will do so to the end, his mercy never faileth 

Your brother & his wife were with me since later end 
of May till the week, he indeed went doun to pray, in his 
own church, as my helper went for him now in the sum- 
mer time, I have two of their children still w* me Alex' & 
Cadwallader both pleasant children & diverting to me 
Sandie reads the new testament well, & can repeat the 
whole lesson catechism & some petitions. James would 
fain have me to direct & come & stay w* them at Whit- 
some, but this I cannot think of as long as I am in a 
capacitie for preaching I am also desirous y* my bodie 
may ly in y« grave near to your mothers (tho ther he no 

76 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

communion in y* state) if it should please the Lord so to 
order it. 

In July you wrote that then your aunt my sister in law 
was alive in health & continued her motherly affection 
to you & yours I long to hear how she is & if she received 
your brothers letter informing her of her sisters death I 
am desirous to keep up a correspondence w* her as long 
as we live, if I knew how to do it, pray in yours forget not 
to inform me how she is y* I may know she is alive & 
may continue my prayers for her I never forget you nor 
my dear daughter nor yours my dear grandchildren tho I 
have not y* desirableness of seeing them & I think never 
will, I say I never forget you both & them night nor day 
in my prayers to God & I hope never will so long as I am 
capable to pray for my selfe, I give thanks also to God 
for the comfortable account you give of them all, I had 
my fear about them after I heard the small pox was so near 
you, but do rejoice the Lord hath preserved them to you 
seeing you write nothing in yours to M' James Christie of 
the small pox being in your family I entreat you as a dying 
father you will not ommitt sacrifice of writing to me & 
letting me know how it is with you & yours & studie to be 
wise useful to make sure the one thing needful y* shall 
never be taken from you, except by faith [torn] change 
of your hail by the inhabitation of the spirit, pardon of 
sin, reconciliation w* God through the Saviour & Media- 
tion of the Lord Jesus, the alone Meditator between God & 
sinners, grow to hate sin & to be above y^ world, grow to 
know love fear & obey God in Christ & to trust him w* 
all your [word illegible] temporal & spiritual in the way of 
dutie, living so truly religiously & godly in his present 
world, evolving for the blessed home, choosing the greatest 
of afflictions rather than least of sin indeavour in a depend- 
ance in God Jesus Christ to be usefuU in your station the 
Gospel of Christ by the presence of gospel holyness to 
Christs image & example endeavoring in the use of ap- 
parent means to grow in grace & to the knowledge of the 
Lord Jesus Christ, breathing after communion w* God 
in Christ in all providences & ordinances y* you may 
taste how good & gracious God is in Christ, may have 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 77 

some blessings of heaven in your soul, & may they be 
taught to be above the world & earthly things & find 
satisfaction enough in God in the ways in the faith 
of y^ truths revealed in Gospel & worldly in y« way of 
this precept by the guidance & assistance of his holy 
spirit, pray much for the reservation of your children y* 
they may be born again, may partake of life may be 
received unto the number of Gods children, y* he may 
be a father to yours & thers & y* they may bear his image 
may honor him in prayer as he may call them, & may be 
heirs of y* inheritance y* unsettled incorruptible & fades 
not away & is justice for all Gods children & for which they 
are kept by the power through such let not your wordly 
business push out the worship of God out of your famiUe 
induce nothing w*out acknowledgeing the Lord in all your 
wayes & he will direct your paths, so remitt the issue of 
all your affair to his pleasure be ready to make welcome 
the comeing w*ever it is, take care y* that your familie 
sanctify the Lords day pray alwise to be in a praying 
house keep your heart w* all dihgence make sensore of 
your words ever give thanks in all you meet w* whether 
mercie or afflictions, we will profit by being in mistifying 
corruption especially the sin y* easyly befel you, look to 
Christ for Grace to know and do all he requires, so as you 
may be accepted according to the tenor of grace for 
all y* required is also promised in that everlasting coven- 
ant make not haste to be rich, having food & to a general 
endeavor to be y* with content Godlyness w' content- 
ment is great gain be not expressly concerned about the 
provision of your children, endeavour to educat them 
for God & he will care for them & affix them y provi- 
sion y* he sees best for them, your brother and you have 
been well provided & cared for tho I had laid up nothing 
for you, God does not forsake the righteous nor their 
seed do not hazard the loss if God forbear to give you 
the favour of men, let it be your chief aim to have the Ught 
of his countenance, if he smiles you need not care who 
frowns in his favour is life studie & sincerely respect to 
all Gods commands w*out exception or reservation hateing 
very false way that you may have the rejoicing of a good 

78 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

conscience signifying for you y* you have had your con- 
versation in y^ world in sympathie & godly sincerity & 
not w* fleshly influence mark y^ perfect & behold the up- 
right for the later end of that man is peace hold on in y* 
way & thus you will wax stronger & stronger, the way of 
the Lord is strength to y« upright, make religion your 
chief business & all other things only your by works often 
be taking a view of the world and the things of it so as 
you will seed when you are taking an everlasting farewell 
of it delay not making religion your chief business our 
time host & verie uncertain Christ often comes in an 
hour wherein he is not lookt for, walk not after the cus- 
toms & manners of your independant neighbours walk 
with God tho you should walk alone these are with trials 
and temptations afflictions, look not for your cross here 
whosoever will come after Christ must deny themselves 
take up his cross daily and follow him, think it not strange 
when you meet with them think not the worse of God 
nor of religion upon the account of them Moses choosed 
the afflictions of the people of God rather than the pleas- 
ure of sin y* are but for a season a sanctify'd affliction 
as y^ badge of our adoption, weerie not in well doing let 
no* your goodness be as the morning dew & y« early 
cloud y* soon passes away, shake off spiritual flesh, think 
not to get to heaven sleeping, we must strive to enter in & 
labour for the meat that endureth it over all life they are 
not the means of grace but rest in the [torn] but empty 
things in y" selves until the Lord fill you by his spirit, 
attend on Y°» in obedience to Gods commands and in 
faith believing y^ accomplish of his promise to come and 
bless y^ people where he now is avoided do not limit him 
as to the accomphshment of y* promise to your time, 
wait at wisdoms page, look not for the blessing from the 
messenger but from his master that sends him, when the 
Lord comes by y" spirit to convince and humble you to 
enhghten you to draw you from self sin and y" world do 
not resist him but pray for grace to comply perfectly with 
these motives lest you provoke y® Lord to depart and strive 
no more with you, hold fast that you reserve & improve 
the same, this will be y® way to hurry and increase the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 79 

same, if you be one sincerely ingaged in y« way of religion 
you will not find it an easy thing you will find it above 
y* power of nature & will see the necessitie of super- 
natural grace then you will see the need of anothers 
righteousnes then your own of another fight then your 
own of another strength then your own, then you will see 
the need of a Saviour who is both god & man & he will 
become precious to you, & you will see that grace is well 
ordered in all things. I am affraid you will hardly read 
this letter I had a bad pen & had spectacles it would been 
fatigueing to me to write it over again, I hope you y* 
are so well acquaint w* my hand writing will be better 
able to read it than another, Mr. Thos: Bell is ordaind a 
minister of a [torn] in Northumberland, I have thought 
of going to Whitsom next week to assist James at [torn] 
If I grow not worse later end of y" last week I was under 
such oppression of my spirit & [torn] hardly walk but I 
bless God I am better this week, I am affraid I may be 
suddenly taken off, the [torn] the Lord be done, if M' 
Scott had not come to this Countrie having no letters 
from you by the ships y* arrived in England from New- 
york my uneasiness w* respect to you would been growing 
upon me I wrote no letters to you after your Mothers 
death it seems you have not received the Last I then in 
my last letter desired you to inform me w* tokens of her 
love she wrote to you She designed to leave to your child- 
ren which you insinuate in yours which desire I repeat 
by this, & if they be in my house, they shall be sent to 
you, your mother spoke nothing to me or your brother 
with respect to these, halfe a dozen of Silver Spoons are 
here & shaU be God wilUng secured for you I designed to 
order some when Of my affection to my Grandson Alex' 
your oldest Son, you know I cannot manage the world I 
have the Maintaince & wages of an assistant upon me 
beside the maintaince of three servants & my two grand- 
children by your brother, so y* I am apprehensive I may 
have little to leave any I look upon it as a great mercie y* 
I am free of debt, I have been sometimes too much con- 
cerned about your mothers my dear wifes provision after 
my death, the Lord provided well for her all her life & at 

80 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

her death. I thank God y* both you and your brother are 
provided for without me I pray heartyly y* God himself 
may be your God & father y* God father Sone & Holy 
Ghost may be not only the God & father to you and my 
dear Daughter your wife but the God & father of your 
dear children and then you both & they shall be close in 
tyme at death & for ever in heaven & I hope we shall 
meet together ther & know one another ther according 
to the opinion of some great & grave devines, and that the 
meantime our prayers for one another ther may meet 
daily at the throne of grace & may be sharers of the same 
spiritual blessings tho at a distance from one another, 
that the God of all grace & of all comfort May bless you 
both and yours continually by guiding & teaching you & 
them in all things — Ever doing all things y* be fall you 
in his province for his own Glorie & your spiritual & 
loving God is & shall be the prayer of 

Your most tenderly affectionat 

& aged father 
Alex Golden. 


Cadwallader Golden Esquire 

at New York America 

From Lewis Morris. 

New York Sep* 24*»' 1732. 

I should be Extreamly glad it lay in my Power to 
conununicate any thing agreable to you at this Juncture 
but thats Impossible for my weekly company are made 
up of the Dull flegmatick, and Designing the worst com- 
position in The world, and my greatest Difficulty is to 
manager as To render my Self agreable to them all I 
think I have in some measure prevailed being (according 
to the parlimentary Dialect) well heard I shall always 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 81 

aim at what I think The publick good Independent of any- 
private views and I hope of resentment too but the weak- 
ness of human nature I fear will Sometimes Prevaile how- 
ever My Endeavours Shal not be wanting to arm myself 
against so Dangerous Evils. 

Our Present poleitical views are To give the gov- 
ernour his Support the Support bill is now before us 
and on wensday next will be Sent up To the councile we 
have Taken a new method of carrying our bills To the 
upper house that is instead of carrying them To the gov- 
ernour as usual we carry them to the council Deliver 
them at The lower End of the Table and Desire their con- 
currence without Taking any notice of The governour att 
all which method was Introduced about Ten Days Since 
The governour : was Extreamly Displeased and Expressed 
his resentment in a very Laconick Manner To a member 
of the house upon the Delivery of the bill. James 
De Lancey and Alexander were of oppinion that he had 
no right To act with The council in paying of bills, and 
upon Declaring their Sentiments he rose from The Table 
put all The bills in his pockett and Left them however 
Since he has Thought better of it and called his councill 
passed all The bills and Sent them back to the house we 
Still continue The Same method believeing it may be a 
means of redeeming of you from Slavery and makeing of 
You of some weight Quasi a part of the Legislature 

Your Letter To M' Rutgers came Too late tho the 
Committee now Think You Right M' Rutgers was for 
The bill, but as Soon as Mathews's back was Turned 
Gaasbeck & Pawling Turnd Taile and so did his worthy 
colleague M' Haring So the bill Dropt and another 
past not worth Two penc Mathew^ is much To warm 
and was never by nature formed for the Station he 
is in, we received Two Petitions from the Inhabitants 
against The bill upon a Surmise that it was Designed To 
Stop up the old roads, which I really believe Induced 
Them To Sign it M"" Morrison's Spirit of opposition and 
integrity is omnibus motif: and his character is so well 
known that all his art never will make him either con- 
siderable or honest in The Eyes of his country men 

82 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

I shall not faile speaking to M' Heath or Doing any- 
thing Else in which you think I can serve you 

Our premier Minister Still Continues his Station and 
nothing but a Disolution will shut his Eyes and open The 
governours. Except as the Indians most Elegantly 
Express it he was Born Blind 

Cap* Pearce Sailes on wensday next, I have made 
your compliments after the best manner, I was able and 
he Desired me To return his I must beg my regards To 
M" Colden you may Depend upon hearing farther from 
me when any thing offers worth committing To paper — 
and In the mean time beg Leave To assure You That 
I am 

Your sinceer friend 
& Very humble Servant 
Lewis Mokris Jun'. 

John parker Died the 22 <* Instant 
at two of the clock in The morning 

Capt riggs is to fill up the Vacancy 
at Your Board but Some people are so 
wicked To Say That one vacancy 
never filled up another as it is a piece 
of naturall philosophy we leave it 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 
att Goldingham in Ulster county these 

From Edward Collins. 

I have Rec"* y Last by m' Livingston I Send you 
down y ace" fairly and honestly drawnout, from the 
Beginning to the last; In the first place you have y rec* 
of all that I have performed since I have been y Deputy 
2^ an Ace* of all that I have rec^ and thirdly an Ace* 
what is y due of the moneys Standing Out which Sum 
Amounts to Thirty Pounds Six shillings and Eight pence 
which I Shall Endeavour to procure as soon as possible 
you Can plainly perceive by the Ace* that I act honestly 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 83 

with you, I have been Obliged to go through my Books 
from the Time I have been y Deputy for through Care- 
lessness, I had not given y^ Ace* Cre'^*Assoon as I had 
made a person D' for any Service, however they are at 
present Stated as you See the Acc*^ & I know not that I 
have wronged you of a Penny; As to the Sum of Two 
Pounds One Shilling & a penny which I am at this p^'sent 
Justly in arrear to you I Don't think that worth my 
while to Send it before I Receive more, I Send you here 
Inclosed m' Livingstons Acceptation for what you Ow'd 
him, I shall proceed as I wrote to you last ag* M" Schuyler 
but how I shall find out what y Interest was in the Lands 
of the High Germains I Cannot tell, I Therefore Send 
you back a Copy of his Note so that you may be the 
better able to Instruct me in y next I Suppose you have 
a Bond of him as you have of the rest of y Deputys and 
by that Bond he may be brought to an Ace" I am Sure 
he has rec^ before now, I Can do nothing with him by 
fair means so pleas to Send me up that Bond and then 
I Can deal with him & Compell him to do the thing that 
is fair & Honest I have a Capias out ag* him at p'sent 
upon his Note, he has Stun'd the Sheriff upon Ace* of the 
Attorney Gen' by reason of his being One of Our Justices 
But I believe that is Over now, I have Sent you down 
the Money of Peters some Time ago for which please to 
Send me a Rec* Inclosed in y next Letter I shall take 
Care to Procure y Declaration in Trust of the Lands 
behind y Patent, I have been a long time in the Country 
so hope you'l Excuse my not Sending down the Ace** 
before I Begg Leave to Conclude and remain with the 
greatest regard 

y most Obed* 

Hum*''^ Serv* 

Ed. Collins. 
Albany Octob' !!*•" 


84 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From Cadwallader Golden to Elizabeth Hill, 


I came from home last friday morning & left my wife 
& children in the Country & in good health & found Sandy 
& Betty in good health in this place My wife wrote to you 
from the Country but we have not heard from you since 
you wrote to me when I was last in this place I was ex- 
tremely concerned to find that you was not pleas'd with 
our sending the children to toun We had no design be- 
sides giving them some Education that they cannot have 
in the Country & to rub off some of that country awkward- 
ness which is a great disadvantage to young people that 
expect some time to be in Company & our sending them 
to the dancing school was only in compliance with the 
customs of the Country which we cannot bring to our 
own humours and with which we must comply if we live 
in the Country where such manners are used They are 
both now of those years as they must be in Company 
unless they were to be meared up in the woods and give 
up all hopes of advancing themselves in the world. I 
never had the least thoughts of making a Priest of Sandy 
but his learning latin with the minister last Winter will 
be of use if he Apply himself either to Law or Phisick & 
indeed in allmost all affairs or Business of Life My house 
in the Country is under Cover & I hope to have the 
Kitchen finished so as to be of use before Winter after 
which I shall give over all work at it till next Spring or 
summer. Pray let me hear from you by the return of 
the post for otherwise we may not hear from you this 
Winter if you delay writing much longer It gives us a 
great deal of Concern that we can be of no use to you 
under the infirmities of old age by reason of our distance 
from you I thought that it would have given you some 
Satisfaction to have seen me & Sandy & for that reason 
I was resolv'd to have carried him with me this fall to 
pay our Duty to you but you have forbid it in such a 
manner that I shall not attempt it without your leave I 
hope none of us have done any thing to disoblige you It 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 85 

would give me the greatest grief if you intertain'd the 
least that of our want of Duty especially if you should 
think so of me for you must at the same time think me 
the most ingratefull man to the kindest Relation I must 
again beg of you to write to me that I may not have any 
reason to suspect that Your love to me is lesson'd for 
really I cannot bear the thoughts of it I design to return 
home in the beginning of next week. Sandy & Betty pray 
that you will accept of their Duty to you All my friends 
give me a good account of their Behaviour & Betty is 
taken much notice of by the best familes in the Toun 

I am 
New York Madam 

Oct' 23'* Your most dutyful nephew 

1732 Cadwallader Golden. 


To M" Elizabeth Hill 

at Philadelphia 

From George Clarke. 

Q. Jamaica Dec 1«* 1732. 

as I was going to Jamaica this morning I received 
Mr Mathews's letter and yours which inclosed our re- 
lease to Tenbrook and his petition for a 1000 acres which 
I shall faithfully endeavour to render effectual to him by 
all the good offices within my power: I have executed 
the releases and return it to Mr Morris to be sent to 
you I hope by your Son I am very well pleased with the 
agreem* you have made and shall readily advise in the 
laying out the land in proper forms and filling them when 
it is done wherein I shall rely on you (and Mr Mathews, 
if you join in opinion about it; as for the other parts of 
your letter I have not time now to consider of them and 
it will be time enough in the spring when I hope we shall 
see one another in the meantime pray give my service and 
thanks to Mess" Collins and Mathews and be assured 
that I am q. 

Y' most obed* 

[Indorsed] humble Serv* 

To Cadwallader Colden Esq' ^ ^ 

at his house in Ulster Coiinty UrEO. ULARKE. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From Archibald Kennedy 

New York 

Jan: 20*1^ 1732/3. 
Dear Doctor 

I Just now had the favour of yours by which we are 
glad to understand you are all well, The Governour has 
mentioned the North West line to me Severall times but 
as I was much a Stranger in the affair I refered him to 
the Minister of Council which I believe he has perused 
you may depend upon it there shall be nothing wanting 
in my power to foreward that affair. How we shall suc- 
ceed in the Court of exchequer now estabhshed for those 
purposes is what I have some doubts about As for newes 
we have none, our merchants have had some meetings 
about petitioning the corporation for establishing search- 
ers &c of flower I hope It will not affect your office as to 
other matters we are just as you left us. The Gover* 
familly passed an evening with us in the Holydays and 
we dined & pass'd two evenings at the fort. It is an 
agreeable family, with whom I shall take all opportuni- 
ties to doe Justice to you & yours to whom we wish very 
many happy New Years and remain D"^ Sir very much 

Your Humble Servt 
Arch''^ Kennedy. 


M' Kennedy 
To Cadwallader Golden Esquire 

From William Cosby 

The 19th March 1732. 

Wanting much to see y^ I desire you'l on rec* of this 
make the best of your way to Town w^ will oblige 
D"" Colden Your humble Serv* 

W Cosby. 


To Gadwallader Golden Esq' 

Surveyor Generall of the province of New York. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 87 

Indian Deed to Johannis Halenbeeck. 

present writting Shall or may Come Greetings, know 
ye that Wee Nacapin, Schawenackie Tatakeem and 
Mameitageeck Indian Inhabitant In the County of 
albany and In The province of New York Do hereby for 
the Consideration of Seaventeen pounds and Ten Shillings 
Currant money of New York to us In hand paid before 
the Ensealing and Delivery of these presents by Johannis 
Halenbeeck of Said County and Province afore Said The 
Receipt whereof wee do hereby acknowledge and our 
Selfs therewith fully — Satisfyed and Contented, and 
thereof and from Every part and Parcell thereof do 
Exonerate acquitt and Discharge the Said Johannis 
Halenbeeck his heirs Executors administr^ or assigns for 
Ever, by these presents, Have given. Granted, Bargained 
and Sold and by these presents do hereby give Grant, 
Bargain and, Sell, unto him the Said Johannis Halenbeeck 
his heirs and assigns for Ever, one Certain Tract of Land 
Lying and being In the County and Province aforeSaid 
at or upon a Certain Creek Called and known by the 
Name of Caterskill and begining by the Grote Vals kill 
and the Land Lying on boath Sides of the Caterskill 
Containing by Estimation Three hundred Acres Shall 
and may more fully and att Large appear by a Cer- 
tain Pattent or writting Giving and granted To the Said 
Johannis Halenbeeck by our Late Govenour Wilham 
Burnett. Late of the province of New York Deceased 
and wee Indian Nacapin, Schawenackie, Tatakeem and 
Mamatageeck Do hereby give grant bargain, and Sell 
unto Johannis Halenbeck his heirs and assigns for Ever 
The aforeSaid Tract of Land according to the Instant 
and Meaning of the aforesaid pattent : and wee do hereby 
acknowledge to be the True owners of the above per- 
cell of Land: and wee the Said Nacapin Schawenackie, 
Tatkeem and Mamatageeck Do hereby Give grant bar- 
gain & Sell and also Give to the Said Johannis Halenbeck 
his heirs and assigns for Ever free Liberty to possess or 
In joy the Same And In his full and peaceable possession 

88 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

IN TESTIMONY whereof wee Nacapin, Schawen- 
ackie, Tatakeem and Mamatageeck have hereunto Sett 
our hands and Seals the Ninth Day of february In the 
Sixth Year of his majesties Reigne Annoq Dom 1732/3 


Signed Sealed & Delivered 



In the presence of us 




Cornelis X knickbacker 







Thomas X Jons 





Martin Hoffman 





These Indians are wittness of these 

presences here under Subscribed 

Sachaes X 


Emancimone X 


Memorandum That the Within 
mentioned — Indians Nacapin Shaw- 
anachke tatakim memactrheck Naga- 
yan pit Tap and Jacob Did oppenly 
Declare before us the Subscribers that 
they had Sold we are fully paid for the 
Island on the Cateracks Kill Lying on 
the West Side of Trin Clos Platts and 
of the falls and Land with in Men- 
tioned and Did for Ever Quit all man- 
ner of Claim to the Said Lands or any 
part thereof att the house of Mindert 
Sen' in the County of Albany this 
Twelfth Day of May annoq 1733 

Martin Hoffman. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 89 

Wee pet Tap Nagayon: Jacob part 
owners of the Island on the Cateracks 
Kill Lying on the West Side of Trin 
(Clos Platts and of the falls and Land 
with in Mentioned Doe hereby Declare 
that wee are fully Satisfied contented 
and paid for the Said Lands and Doe 
hereby Quit all manner Claim to the 
Said Lands or any part thereof In 
Witness whereof Wee have hereunto 
Set our Marks this Twelfth Day of May 
Seventeen Hundred and Thirty Three 

Maetin Hoffman Naqayon X 

deWit Piet X Tap 

Hendryck Schut Jacob X 

Abraham Post 
JoHANNis Schut 

From J. Warrell. 

New York 

March 20 1732/3. 

The Govern' being petitioned by a Number of Inhabi- 
tants and others claiming Tracts of Lands under the N 
West Line Dispute, He is very desireous to have that 
affair Settled with all Expedition, not only for y^ Safety 
and Ease of the Subject but for the Honour and Advan- 
tage of the Crown: No body can be So instrumental in 
bringing this Manner to bear as your Self The present 
Controversy being whether Mr W"" Grahams Line or 
your own be right, Yours gives the Crown a vacancy of 
many thousand Acres of Land to Grant M' Grahams 
I think, none So 'tis very Natural to Suppose the Govern' 
is desireous to have your Line Supported of his Right, 
tho' there are various Reports about the value and 
Quantity of Land to be Patented if your Line takes place 
Some of the Govern" Friends tell him there will be great 

90 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Quantity's of valuable Lands to be Granted, others tell 
him the Contrary, and that the Late Gov: Presid* & 
Counc" were not at all Sollicitous about it but granted 
away to Such as Blagg & people lately of no Interest 
what was worth takeing up: I shall be proud of your 
Sentiments in this affair the sooner the better, & So 
calculated as I may show it to the Govern' as an answer 
to mine: I have the pleasure of receiving daily Markes 
of favour from the Gov and wishes to lett me in to be 
concem'd in Lands that may turn out to my advanage. 
Your Freind M' Kennedy gives his Service & begs you 
will give us all the Information you can: I have just now 
waited on M" Golden & your Daught' to introduce them 
to M" Gosby at y« Fort where they were reced very 
handsomly and kindly — The Gov. was rode out So had 
not an opportunity of Speaking to him but M" Cosby 
told us that she understood he had wrote for you to come 
down immediately I wonder he did not tell me of it, 
however it will occasion me to End this Trouble a Uttle 
abruptly. If you come down immediately pray let me 
See you before you See the Gov. M' Clarke is in Town 
& I perceive Agrees to have the N W Line run amicably 
I Suspect Something may be behind the Curtain. & 
shall learn it in the mean Time: We were just prepareing 
a Bill in Chancery. Clowes had consented to be made a 
Def* Lewis's Morris from Staats' represetitives,[?] but I 
found it stuck[?] with those concern'd in M' Sharpas's 
Patent. If you should not come down very soon pray 
write by the very first opportunity being 

Y' very humble Serv* 

J. Warrell. 


To D' Cadwall' Golden Esq' 


THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 91 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

N. Y. AprU the !•» 1733. 
Dear Sir, 

I wrote to you last Week by the Att" Gen' pretty 
much at large but as I am in Expectation of Seeing You 
Soon & being Hkewise Streightned in Time I Shall be 
brief now, & only informe you, that last Week S"^ Rob* 
came to Towti & the Lawyers being then upon W. Chester 
Circuit a L^e came f°» The Secretary s Office to M^ Forster 
directing him to give Notice to the Members of That 
County That the Assembles are to sit according to Ad- 
journm* the 3<^ Tuesday of this month: I presimie you 
will have Notice fm proper hands as well as M' Mathews 
But I hope you will be here punctually at that time, for 
many Reasons, & among the rest, because I have heard 
some Exceptions taken concerning Members of The 
Council living at a great Distance out of Towne. & w*** 
what view I could not but guess 

I am with humble Service to all your good Family 
D' S' 
Your most assured F^ & hble Serv* 

Dan Horsmanden. 

I beg you'l give my Service to 
M' Mathews &c. 


To The Hon''''' Cadwallader Golden Esqr 


From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York June 28*"* 1733. 

I had the pleasure of yours by Your Son & had an- 
swered your former to the Atty General & me, had I been 
furnished with proper materials, to ground my Opinion 
upon the Affair under Considerat"; but have 'til just now 

92 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

wanted a Sight of the Indian purchase to see what Lands 
were comprehended in Evan's Patt* which were vacated 
by the Act of Assembly, & the perusal of them has put 
me at a full Stop for the present; that I can say no more 
about the Subject of that L^e as yet, Than that your 
Account concerning the Lines was very intelligible & Sat- 
isfactory when I have fully considered it, I will give you 
my Sentim*^ upon the whole w"*' I had much rather do by 
word of Mouth than in writing, because there will be 
many partic" to discourse upon. I cannot but take the 
offer of your good offices most kindly and if you can find 
out a good parcell of Land vacant worth application for 
a Grant, I shall esteem that a most ^tic Service; But 
for myself, it is very much out of my way, tho' I want 
very much to talk to you abo* Some particulars of that 
Sort. Our Governour has hitherto been unsuccessful 
with his Jersey People, Nothing done by the Assembly as 
yet, they have been Sometime Since adjourned to the 
l?*** of July, & tis found there will be no better Success 
at their Returne, I am 


Your Obliged humble Servant 
Dan Horsmanden. 
My humble Service to 
M" Golden 


To The Hon'''* Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

Phaadelphia ^ 7*'' day of agust 1733 

From Elizabeth Hill. 
Loving Cou" 

I Received thyne dated June y^ 18 last & was Glad to 
heare of all your healths and am plesed with those few 
lins from thy Children you all Seemed plesed with your 
hops of my coming to Stay with you when you Received 
my Letter which gave you an ace" of y^ trunk which I Sent 
I take it kindly but am very Easey where I am at present 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 93 

and as to thy Giving me a Visitt I Shall Leave that as thy 
affairs will admitt of there is a youngh man a merchant 
and a neare neighbour of thy Fathers Latley arrived 
heare from Scottland which brought mee letters from 
thy father & brother as allso y^ inclosed which he desired 
me to Convey to thee and when thou wrights to thy 
father Give him an ace" y* I Received his letter and allso 
to thy brother that I have two from him which I Received 
Kindly from them & desire my Kind love to be Remem- 
bred In thy nex to you I am plesed y« Gives me Still an 
ace" of thy affairs and hope that thou wilt Continue 
so to do for theare is nothing more pleasing to mee than 
to heare that thing gos well with thee my habitation at 
present is at Francis Knowles which is near our meeting 
hous whose Kind respects with his wiff is to you both I 
desire thee will wright to me pr first opportunity yt I may 
heare of your health So Shall Conclud with my Love to 
thee and thy wiffe and Children and Remain thy afifec- 
tionat aunt 

Elizabeth Hill. 


Thes For Docktr Couldon 
To bee Left with Samuell Heath 
In New york for Convayan' 

From Samuel Wrath. 

New York Oct' y-S^ 1733. 
M' Colden 

S' I reced yours and DeLiver'd y« Enclosed to M"" 
Kirstead, and Suppose sent the things to my house y» 
writ for, which I have put on board M' Beekman w*'' y« 
three Locks, Inform'd M"" Morris of what y« wrote to me 
about but before I had an oppertunity to do it M' Hazard 
had Spoke to him about the Land, M"" Morris told him 
if he Lost y® Land it was his own fault for that he had at 
Several times reminded him of what he had Done that 
he should take up the Land, Lest some person or other, 
would pray for it & bid Low If he made slight of it & was 

94 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Sure nobody would take it up for it was good to no person 
but himself, Yet he made application to the Gover'^'" about 
it, but would not Come to the Govern" offers, And 
Left y« Governour, with, he might use his pleasure for he 
thought it would not be worth y« Intt and Charges this is 
what M' Morris Informs me Accroding to your Directions 
I went to M' Hazard and takt to him about y« Land, he 
Did not Deny what M' Morris Said, Yet he is wilUng to 
have the Land and Says he has Imploy'd M' Warrell to 
Sohcite for him and rather then he will Lose y* Lands he 
will Comply with y« Governours proposalls he made to 
him I can nott yet tell whether he has had an answer by 
M' Warrell, M' Morris tells me he beheves his Sohciting 
will be to the purpose I spoke to M' Morris he tells me he 
will take Care to gett y Patent you wrote about doun 
this week. I have been w*'' M' Wendover Several times 
about the bootes & Shoes he says he will doe them this 
week. I have Enclosed 2 News paper & 1 Letter please 
to Give my humble Service to Mad™ Colden & Except 
The Same from S' 

Your Humble Serv* To 

Sam" Wrath. 


To Cadwalladeb Golden Esq' 

Att Goldengham 
To the Gare of M' Denmark at 
Newbergh Near y High Lands 

From John Alsop. 

M' Colden 
According to your Request, I Send a plan of The Land 
of M' Mcintosh Deceased, & also of the Land that has 
been Sold, & as Joseph Reeder is Impatient to have the 
Land that he has Agreed for Surveyed, Begg the favour 
that after you have perused the Enclosed you will by the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 95 

Next Oppertunity Signifie your Consent to what part 
of the Said Land may be Sold, Wherein you'll Oblige 
S' Your Humble 
Dec y« 12*'» John Alsop. 



To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

at Goldingham 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

N. York Decern' 30*^ 1733. 
Dear Sir, 

At my returne hither I was Surprized with an Account 
That M' V Dam had presented his Excellency with a 
Copy of 30 odd Articles of Complaint ag* him, w<=^ he has 
sent home, by w"^ you will Judge, they have accumulated 
in their Charge as much matter as possible: One Item 
is for the recomending me for a Councellour, as being 
contrary to the Instructions, without Estate in the 
Country: I think their maUce is carryed to the greatest 
Length, For I am not conscious that I've given any of them 
just Occasion of Offence. You will find by one of the 
Journals they've printed a List of the Councillours, (as 
they say) usually Summoned to Council, but have omitted 
M^ V Home & M' Courtland, who have (I beUeve) al- 
ways been Sumoned; But the incerting them 'tis pre- 
sumed wo** have been an offence to their Dutch Friends: 
They have set forth the Gent"^ Sumoned to be all men in 
place, & to include me as such they say I am one of the 
Gov'^ Council in V. Dam's Case: As to H Lane they 
don't know any place he has Besides: Inuendo, I presume 
Whisperer : These artles were sent by Bryant who I am 
sorry was Saild before I came back. M'' Mathews's Com- 
pany made the Journey very pleasant to me, we got Safe 
thro' the Highlands, but his horse faUing Lame, I was in 

96 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Some Danger of being put out of humour by riding abo* 
an hour & 3^ in the Dark. 

Since my Returne my good Friend Capt" Long has 
been asking me, whether some Scheme about Lands could 
not be tho* of to propose to S' Cha' Wager, a Gent"* 
at the head of the Admiralty, One of the Ministry & of 
Great Int, that has endamaged his Estate in the Service 
of the Crown, & never yet askt any thing as a Recom- 
pence. Last Sunday M' Kennedy put into my hands 
by great accident a State of the Case as to the 3 Lower 
Countys, w"** he had prepar'd for the Gov to look into 
the Affair abo* the Quitrents : I thought this very luckie, 
because 'tis more particular than yours, & took the Lib- 
erty of Copying it, w<=^ I enclose to you. And upon further 
consideration of the Case I'm persuaded it is stil more 
worth recomending, & from Longs hints I cannot but 
think S' Cha" a very fit ^son to ask for it, he having so 
just a pretention to ask a favour Therefore if it meets 
with your approbation I am of Opinion as to that ^tic 
To join him with the D of Chandois as to the Recomendat" 
of this Affair, but I Sho"^ be glad to know your Sentim** 
upon it as soon as possible if Blag were to be Trusted there 
wo*^ be a good opportunity, but I beg you will contrive 
Some other way (as soon as possible) of writing & I will 
write home by way of Boston w"'^ is the Dernier Resort 
for a Conveyance at this time. 

Since I wrote thus far, I have perused the Articles 
between L"* Baltimore & Penn & am apprehensive that 
the main part of The Dispute between them will turne 
upon these 3 Lower Countys: & Perhaps L'^B^: Claime 
might be the thing that principally hindered L"^ Souther- 
lands Success: You knowing the Geography of the 
Country & the best able to Judge w* Construction must 
be put upon the Bounds, may be able to give me further 
Light into This mre : But I Observe That these 3 Countys 
being Settled by the Dutch in K. Cha^ i«* time he w^ not be 
Supposed to Grant any part of them And they were not re- 
duced by the English 'til 1661 . I beg you will send me your 
Opinion at large upon the affair as soon as possible & 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 97 

returne me the Articles; because it may be proper to 
Copy them & Send 'em home 

And now I must assure y° I am extremly Obliged 
by the Confidence you have reposed in me upon so Short 
an Acquaintance & that you may depend on my honour 
& Sincerity, in all our Intercourse of Correspondence & 
my utmost endeavours to cultivate & improve that Friend 
Ship comenced between us w^ I hope will turne to Our 
Mutual Satisfaction & Advantage 
I am 

Your most Sincere & Obhged F'^ & Serv* 

Dan Horsmanden. 

My humble Service to M" Colden 
Miss & the rest of your Family to 
whom I am much indebted for the 
Hospitable & kind Entertamn' I reced. 

P. S. 

Janry 5'^ 1733/4. 

M' Mathews having been detain'd by a very bad Cold 
it gives me an Opp" of enlarging You may keep all the 
Coppys I enclose you for your own private uses I have 
sent you Copys of the Bounds of the Charters of Mary- 
land & Pennsylvania So must beg your opinion at large 
upon them. I mentioned the Affair of Kingston to the 
Gov and y* you had been so kind as to let me in for a 
Share All the Answer I could get was that things must 
come on in their Turne But find he is Determined to take 
mony in Lieu of Dirt for the future: I will take the 1** fair 
Oppy of pushing this upon the Concemm* of his honour 
& See What Effect that will have & further as to doing 
me a Service in it w that will have any weight with him. 
But I am apprehensive M' C. has got Such hold of him, 
that nothing can be done without his having a Share. 
Pray let me know the Value of Lead Oar ^ Ton w"** I 
forgot to fill up in y« Draught of my Lre to M' Watts. 

My Short hand Book was lent to a Gent'* who has been 
out of Towne ever Since my Returne. 

98 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Golden to Horsmanden. 

Copy of part of a letter in answer to the above, in Colden's 
writing. Not dated. 

Since I wrote what is on the other side I find that I 
have time to add something in Relation to the Lower 
Counties The paper you had from M' Kennedy I be- 
lieve he receiv'd from me some years since but then I did 
not know the Boundaries of Maryland & Pennsylvania 
as I now do by the copies you send me. It is well known 
that a Degree of Latitude in the Globe contains a Tract 
of Land of something better than sixty nine Statute miles 
in breadth & goes in lenth round it As Maryland is 
bounded by the 40*'' degree of Latitude you Gent'' of the 
law can best determine whether my lord Baltimore can 
claim any part of that degree. But as M ^ Penn's southerly 
bounds are to extend to the beginning of the 40*^ degree 
there can be no Question of his Patents including it were 
it not that the line of his southerly bounds is to terminate 
in the Circle of twelve miles round New Castle but that 
Circle will in no place reach the beginning of the 40*^ 
degree because New Castle hes not far from the midle of it 

If the 40*'' degree of Latitude be not taken as a term 
of art but in the Vulgar Acceptation of that Word then 
Maryland will comprehend all the 40*** degree but this M' 
Penn will dispute to the utmost I have observ'd on Dela- 
ware with a brass Quadrant that had Telescopick sights 
& I know of what consequence the Dispute is Upon the 
whole I think there is no room for any to come in between 
them & it will be best for you to advise your friends of 
this as soon as you can to prevent their appearing in a 
thing that they must afterwards drop I think that the 
agreemt between my Lord Baltimore & the Penns is fav- 
ourable to my Lord Baltimore if he cannot extend to the 
40*'' degree Compleat as the word is taken in the Vulgar 
Acceptation but if he can it is extremely prejudicial The 
40*'' degr Compleat is in the wishes of Delaware The 
beginning of it is on the Bay of Delaware. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 99 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York Janry y« S'^ 1733/4. 
Dear Sir, 

M^ Mathews being detain'd thus long in Towne, has 
given me a temptat" of Setting pen to paper again: I 
wish with all my heart, that you Uv'd within reach of a 
Days Journey: I sho'^ be less troublesome to you in this 
manner than I Shall now find my Self under the Necessity 
of: I just now press'd the affair of Kingston to the Gov 
as far as I could in Decency, & insinuated a Temptation to 
him to dispatch that affair, by Suggesting that they might 
perhaps have Something further to discover, when this 
was finished, and that he might probably have ready 
mony for the Share he demands: but all without Effect; 
For he Says he cannot think of it, 'til the Spring & he 
intends then to be up there himself, what he means by 
this he best knows. He tells me that for the future he 
intends to take mony instead of Lands : 

Whether any thing can be done with him in Such 
matters I am not able to Say; but he has often promised 
both Capt'* Long & myself each a good Lump of Land at 
once, I have hinted So much to M' Mathews w"'' I de- 
sired him to informe you of: And if 6 or 8000*^ acres can 
be discovered worth asking for, we are determined to push 
it at once; Capt° Long I am Sure, he is exceedingly 
ObUged to, & I think he is indebted something to me for 
my Services; And if he do's not think proper to Grant our 
Request we Shall neither ask nor expect any thing for the 
future; we can ask nothing but thro' your Information, 
& we Sho^ be glad to be concernd with you & such as you 
think proper in Such an Affair, I am Sure you'l recomend 
nothing, that is not worth while; The quantity & manner 
of proposing it we leave to your discretion; the County 
where it lyes need not be known. 

I am with Sincere Respect 
Your most assured & faithfull 

Friend & Serv* 
Dan Horsmanden. 

100 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

I have Sent away our Lres for Eng- 
land via Boston by the Safest method 
I could think of: I got M' ElUson to 
enclose 'em to the Survey Genl in his 
pacquet Mathews has a whole pac- 
quet of those to joke with y° upon 


To The Hon'''' Cadwallader Golden Esq"" 


From Lewis Morris. 

New York Jan' 17*'* 1734. 

I saw a Letter From you To James I really cant Imagin 
what refined politicks they Intend To make use of by 
their giveing out they will have a new assembly I am 
pretty sure (Except they fal upon the method of makeing a 
majority by their new mannours) it must Infalibly Turn 
against them; tho that is a method I have Long Dreaded, 
and I think Should be prevented whenever The assembly 
meets if possible 

I yesterday Received a Letter from my Sister pearce 
in Virginia who gives me an account That one James 
Brudnell is appointed Governour of this province She 
further Says that who is appointed for Jersie She does not 
know this James Brudnell is uncle to Lord Cardigan who 
married the Youngest Daughter of The Duke of Montague 
he refused the government of Jamaica Some Time ago 
because he did not Like the climate, 

The Account comes by Letters to cap* Pearce from 
his Brother by a Ship who Left London the Latter End 
of November which gives him also an account That war 
is at present the talk that 30,000 Seamen are Kept in pay 
this winter 

My Sister further Tels me that my father wil have all 
the assistance that Virginia can give him, and that Since 
our Last Letters the proceedings of Gov Cosby is one of 
The Topicks of All The coffee Houses in London 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 101 

we have a Sort of an account Via Jamaica of Cap* 
Peyton's arrival but I cant say it is much To be Depended 

My hearty service to Honest Vincent Mathews, I 
observe he has been Superceeded in all his posts, I fancy 
he Reaps more real Satisfaction then he would To Enjoy 
any post of honour that this administration can give 

My Regards to your good Spouse and Son and 
Daughter we cant be Long now Ere you hear of my 
fathers arrival you may Depend upon hearing of it from 
me as soon as I can Depend upon it. James Alexander 
is Much out of order with a violent cold but I beleive he 
will be so well as To write To You 

I forgot to tell you that this Brudnell has a post of a 
£1000 p'ann which I suppose will be given To cosby he is 
a member of ParUament no Soldier nor Sailor a man of 
Letters and one who has Dipped pretty much in The 
Study of Laws, he is at Present Recorder of The Town 
of Chichester So that I flatter my Self that in the next 
Reign pohte Literature will be Introduced Instead of a 
God Dam y«. 

old M" Walter Died Last week I am D' Su- 
Your Sincere friend & 

Very hum*'^ Servant 

Lewis Morris Jun'. 


To Cadwalleder Golden, 

one of his Majesties [torn] 

of the Province of New 

York at the High Lands These. 

Cadwallader Golden to Mrs. Elizabeth Hill. 

CoLDENGHAME Jan'^ 19*^ 1733/4. 

I designed to have wrote to you soon after my wife 
was brought to bed but as it happened after our common 
conveyance was stopt I did not know of any opportunity 
of writing but as chance persons go past my house to New 

102 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

York & any time I then had I was obUged to use in writ- 
ing upon Business that could not without prejudice be 
delayed & which I presume you will allways allow for an 
excuse My wife was brought to bed on the 23'* of Novem- 
ber of a Boy She had as hard a labour I beUeve as ever 
woeman had when both Mother & child were saved & 
she recovered after it much sooner than I expected tho 
she had for some time a violent fever Both she & the 
child are perfectly well. We have call'd him David my 
Father in Law's name My wife has received yours with 
the silver Spoon for Kattie. Every fresh token you give 
us of your Love gives us much pleasure for there is noth- 
ing we disire more than the continuance of it. 

There is no need of renewing my commissions upon 
the arrival of a new Governour because they run in the 
Kings name & are under the great seal of the province & 
thereby continue good during the Kings pleasure but as 
he signifies his pleasure by his Governours our commis- 
sions depend too much upon the will of a Governour. It 
is too true what you hear of the uneasinesses the people 
of this province are under at this time There is a Com- 
plaint gone home against the Governour & probably by 
next spring it will be known what effect it is Uke to have 
As to my part I cannot value my self upon any great share 
in the Governours friendship & for that reason I cannot 
place any security in it but it is said to be some comfort 
to have many under the same misfortune However the 
distance I am at from New York frees me from a good deal 
of uneasiness that could not be avoided were I there at this 
time My indeavour shall be to mentain the Character 
of an honest man & while I do that I hope never to forfeit 
your esteem & love It will be the greatest support & 
comfort to me under what ever misfortunes may be fall 
me I have taken all the measures which I think prudent 
to guard against any attempts that may be made & I hope 
they will be successfuU but they will create me some 

My wife & the children are all in good health but most 
of us have been troubled with colds Caddie & Johnie had 
both fevers with it for some days but we are all now well. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 103 

We have had hitherto a very mild Winter indeed we think 
it too mild because we trust to do a great [deal] of work 
upon the snow of which we are like to be disapointed My 
Wife & children join with me in our Duty to you By the 
time you can answer this probably the boats will be again 
passing on the River & we beg of you to let us hear from 
you I am very affectionately 

Your DutyfuU Nephew 

Cadwallader Golden. 


To M" Elizabeth Hill 

at Philadelphia 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York Janry the 24**' 1733/4. 
Dear Sir, 

You have very much Obhged me by the favour of 
yours of the 17*'' Ins* w"** I received last Night, & was 
determined to lose no time in acknowledging of them 
Whatever Danger may be apprehended from the Cor- 
respondence (tho' at present I'm not aware of much 
prejudice) yet be the Consequence what it will, I am 
determined inviolably to maintain & improve on my 
part the F^Ship comenced betw us, w"'* proceeds from 
my Real good Opinion & Sincere Inclinations towards 
you, more than Self Int; Tho really I have liv'd long 
enough in the World to Judge from the frailty & neces- 
sitys of human Nature; That no Friendships are so 
strongly cemented as those carry'd on by mutual Int & 
Services; Nay indeed the very nature of Friendship is 
such; and tho' it may not be in my power, to contirbute 
equal Services, yet be assured that my Inclinations & 
Sincere endeavours Shall not be wanting: And as to Cere- 
mony in Friend Ship, I agree w*'' you, it must be laid 
aside. Your professions with respect to my Friend the 
Capt° & myself, we both think ourselves exceedingly 
Obliged to you for & ^tic'^y as to the Land you reco- 
mend, w^ lyes Intervening between the 20*'' patt*^ & the 

104 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Oblong we must beg Some further Acco* of it, what Quan- 
tity you may guess it contains, whether there is not a very 
fine Swamp in it or peice of Water w^ may turne to very 
good — Acco* by Draining &c. But what I apprehend is 
this; That if we Sho'* have Int enough {w^ we much 
Doubt) to prevail for a Grant we may thereby entail such 
Law Suits upon us with the 20*^ Patt^®' as wo'^ be ^chas- 
ing a very heavy Incumbranse, And I apprehend at 
present that nothing can prevent this but The Runing a 
Line Similar to the River at 20*^ Distance in every part w"'* 
I look upon to be a thing almost impracticable : Therefore 
must desire your further advice upon this mre, before I 
think of taking any Steps, & if we Sho** Succeed in this or 
in any other thing of your Recomendation you may de- 
pend upon being equally Interested with ourselves. 

I had heard of this land before & knew that the Gov 
had Intelligence of it nay I had Spoke to him my self about 
it & found I was not the first 

I'm sorry you had so much Reason to put me out of 
Conceit with the aff ' of the 3 Lower Countys Insomuch 
that for the present I must let that Affair remain in 
Suspence, but must have a little further discourse upon 
it when we meet. 

You sit stil by your Countrey fire, enjoying yourself 
& family w*^ the utmost peace & Satisfaction while we 
are in the midst of f^ty flames, & where things will End 
I'm not prophet enough to foretell I Sincerely wish you 
& yours all health & happiness I am 
Dear Sir 
Your most assuredly affect*' 

Dan Horsmanden. 
Capt° Long gives his hble Service./ 

Febry the 4*»' 1733/4. 
P. S. 

I have ever Since the Date of the otherside kept this 
in Reserve for an Opp^ of sending it: last Saturday we 
had Lres from England by a Ship just arriv'd f°^ Boston 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 105 

I can find no very remarkable News and more than the 
arrival of the Prince of Orange in England & that the 
match was soon to be Consumated with the Princess 
Royal. That a Fleet was to be sent up the mediterranean 
of abo* 50 Sail in Conjunction betw^ England & Holland 
& Various acco*« & opinions pro & Con touching Englands 
being drawn into a War 

As to Blaggs being employed abo* L"^ Carberrys affair: 
I do assure you I have no Reason to imagine it it is only 
possible it may be so 

If M' Ralph Wilburnham has the Chief Direction as 
Some have not with* some grounds Surmized I think twil 
be the Rock of Rocks that the Deluded man will Split 

Febry the 5*^. 

I think I have now a very good Opportunity of Send- 
ing this w"^ is by a Servant of the Att^ Gen w^ he is 
sending up to his Land; And is to call at your House & 
his Ma' gave me Notice of it & promised me he Shall 
Deliver it So I Bid you heartily farewell 

D: H. 
I trouble you with the enclosed for my Fellow Traveller. 


To The Hon»''« Cadwallader Golden Esq'' 


From Micajah Perry. 

London March 19*^ 1733/4. 
Cadwallader Colden Esq' 

I am favoured with yours, in which you seem to 
reproach me, but I must say very unjustly, for that 
Letter you mention to have wrote never came to my hands, 
nor did this till a very few days ago, when it was delivered 
me by M' Parish I could wish with all my heart that I 
could serve you in the Matter you there desire for I have 
bin applied to from another quarter to the same purpose. 

106 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

but it is my misfortune at present to be so much out of 
favour, so that my appearance at y Council board would 
rather do you hurt than good, I am sorry M' Cosby 
should carry things to such a length, which when they 
come to be set in a true light I think cannot be supported, 
you are Extreemly wanting in not haveing a good agent 
all the other Colonie have & I wonder you have none such 
a person would effectually serve you, whereas without 
one you never will be served, I shall be truly glad if I can 
be at any time of use to you & would in this instance if 
I could be of service for I am without reserve 

S' Your most Humble Servant 
MiCAJAH Perry. 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York March the 25*»» 1734. 
Dear Sir, 

Yours dated f^" Albany I reced the ll*** Ins* But not 
time enough to prevent the request of Capt° Long & my- 
self of the Gov concerning the 3000" recomended by M' 
Mathews w'''' was made 2 days before, but with what 
Success it will End, I cannot yet possitively Determine: 
I wish I had reced y" time enough, I wo'* have punctually 
Observ'd y Directions, but The Capt'' & myself were 
resolv'd to make our utmost Efforts in the Request of 
So Smal a pittance & to try w* Regard That Gent wo* 
Show to his own repeated & voluntary promises. We de- 
termined to ask for y« 3000* as for Our Selves, for w""* 
Reason we feignd as if The Country man had offered to 
discover The Land upon Our obtaining a Warrant of 
Survey & Lodging 20 Pistoles in a 3** ^sons hands to be 
p** him upon Our approbation of the Land: & in this 
manner I first opened the mre to his wo^^: I told him 
that the Quantity was too large for me to ask for myself 
agreable to his Instructions & Therefore I chose to take 
Capt° Long in a partner whom I understood he had made 
a promise of Land to as well as myself, he s'* there was 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 107 

nothing in that he wo** have granted it to me But that he 
must have his 3"*" & he wo •* pay 7 Pistoles for his Share & 
6 more for me & Capt° Long the rest. This was with an 
air of Generosity to me but Capt" Long was to pay more 
than a proportion: Now you must know we did not 
think it wo*^ be any Crime considering whom we were 
deaUng with to put it upon this footing, for we had not 
the least Imagination That he who was to do us a favour 
wo<* insist upon his S^" w"^ if we Submitted to was doing 
him a favour instead of his favouring us, but perhaps you 
will say we were out in our Polliticks & indeed I wish we 
had not taken that Method: For afterw^" we found our- 
selves under a Necessity of telhng y* Truth of the Case 
That now the Country man insisted on an Equal Share 
with the Capt° & myself & I told him Since this was the 
Case I did not think 'twas worth while to meddle with it : 
But Capt"* Long attaigned him afterw*' & askt The Grant 
of the whole to us two as we were to give a Declaration of 
Trust to The Country man for lOOO"^ acres w^ he readily 
promised him w'** as was imagained he could not with 
any sort of Grace refuse him, tho he certainly would to 
me: After this pass'd with the Capt" I saw him again, 
& he seemed to be Somewhat netled, & askt me who this 
Country man was for he s** I might tell him as the Coun- 
try man had broke his word with me but I answered him, 
as I sho** have said I told him before that I had Engaged 
my word & honour not to discover him & I was ^suaded 
that if I gave his Ex"^ one Instance That I was capable 
of forfeiting so Solemn an Engagem* th* I must Give him 
a very bad opinion of Me & that he might expect I might 
Do it however to himself Therefore beg'd to be Excused 
whereupon he went off in a huff & s<* twas a Trick to cheate 
him of his 3"^' & has lookt cooly upon me Since, but I 
intend to desire his Explanation as The Declaration was 
general as to the ^son he Suspects of it, & to battle it out 
with him: The Capt° has just been with me & as the 
Gov. s** to me that there was an End of it he intends to 
insist upon his word with him & I beUeve considering all 
Circumstances w*^ Respect to past favours or rather more 
for the Sake of w* they have farther to ask he'll not runn 

108 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

the Risque of forteiting his Friendship with the additional 
Reproach of breaking his word. 

I have since I wrote to you last mentioned The Afif' 
of Kingston at Esopus abo* y" 8000* but I am from his 
Conduct in that mre induced to think That he intends to 
lay his paw upon the whole for himself. For in the Case 
of his S'*' as above he told me That the profitts of his Gov- 
ernm* were so inconsiderable That he was Obhged to 
make the most of everything & y* 'twas customery for 
Gov" to take their 3*^" of all Grants: But 'tis never the 
less my humble Opinion That every ^son upon his 
petitioning the Gov & Council has a Right to have that 
pat" heard & I beUeve wo*^ be thought at home to have a 
Right to have the Land discovered Granted to him: I'm 
Sure that is the Opinion of Gov & Council in other 
Colonys I know it is so in Virginia & I believe if such a 
practice as taking 3^« was to be laid open, or taking any 
Com" in lieu, it wo*^ be thought Somewhat Criminal 

The Capt" is now returned & informs me That the 
Gov Fathers the Contrivance upon me, & he knows 
the Land & 'tis very valuable, 'tis in Westchester, & 
upon the River & 'tis for the Morrissania family: And 
that I don't use him well in not discovering the Author. 
And that there is an End of the Affair that he'll do noth- 
ing in it: So that you may judge how mres are Uke to go 
betwixt us: you are proved a true Prophet, & indeed my 
Apprehentions that you would be so, were very Strong 
before, but now I see no Room to doubt but that all at- 
tempts for favours will be vain & ineffectual notwith- 
standing the Pretentions of any Service. I am much 
obUged to you for your thoughts of me with respect to the 
Warrant for two thousand acres: I am just taking horse 
for W: Chester Therefore must Conclude myself 
Dear Sir 
Your most assured f ** & Serv* 

Dan Horsmanden. 

My hble Service to all the Good fam- 
ily & M' Mathews & his Capt" Long 
joins in Respects with me 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 109 

I want much to talk with you The Assembly was 
adjourned I think to the 3** Tuesday in April The 1»* day 
of Our next Supreme Court w° It will then sit I know not 
but S' R W comes to Towne this week, we have just reced 
from Albany an address f™ That Corporate concern* 
Fortifications in Genl receomended & Intimat" of their 
appehentions of a war desiring leave to put up Stockados 
w"'* they have prpared by subscription: Likewise a Lre 
by way of Address f*" the Coun'' of Indian Aff" w^*^ was 
refer'd to a Coun^' of Council for advice It Sets forth 
That they have Intelligence That the French Emissarys 
have been amongst the Senekeys this Winter & are hkc 
to come there for the English Int. we have advised sending 
up an Interpter &c. I want time to be more full 
To D' Colden. 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York August y 27'*' 1734. 
Dear Sir. 

Yours of the 25*** of June was dehvered me by M' 
Heath some time Since: I am almost ashamed to Say 
how long; but this I have to say for myself, that nothing 
material as I know of has happened here worth com- 
municating, & as to the Subject matter of your Lre M' 
Clarke has been laid up with y« Gout (whether Political or 
not I cannot Say) So that I have not had an Opp^ of 
being inform'd whether he had put it upon any footing 
with the proper person, But the Gov' going to the plains 
the other day, I took that course to write to him upon it, 
the fruits whereof I shall informe you of by & by: 

But I must informe you first of all That the Report 
Coll Morris told you of concerning my writing to M' 
Perry that he was dead & applying for his place, upon 
that Suggestion; had given Capt" Morris Such a Spleen 
ag* me that nothing less than my Destruction could, I 
Suppose Satisfy his Resentm* So that he procured (not 

110 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

without some Industry I have reason to think) a power, 
of Attorney from some Creditor of mine to Sue me here, 
& this was reported in Town imidiately upon his arrival 
w*** the addition of all the opprobrious Language that 
Bilhngsgate could furnish, tho' upon Enquiry this fact is 
denyed, & 'tis said only That he had it offered but Re- 
fused the Office; I presume if he had it the Morrisanias 
family, have advised him better than to own it; But for 
an Instance to Share that Providence brings good out of 
Evil, The Gov has upon this occasion Shown the hand- 
somest kind of Resentm* upon his Returne from the plains 
by assuring me that my Enimys Shall not have their 
Ends: That he will do every thing in his power to make 
me easie & has promised me that as soon as his pattents 
are passed for the German's Lands, I shall have 2000* of 
them convey'd to me without any expence & any other 
Lands I could get IntelUgence of that wo** answer my 
purpose I should have granted me & then told me M' 
Clarke had mentioned This 6000" & ordered me forthwith 
to prepare the Pet° for the Indian purchase & he wo** 
have a Council in a day or two & it Sho** be done promised 
me the Recordership when Harrison Lays down w"** I 
told you he had thoughts of doing Some time agoe; In 
Short his Behaviour upon this occasion has been ex- 
ceeding kind, & handsom, & the Lycence I have got ac- 
cordingly w"*' I enclose y". If you can do me any Service 
upon the Warrant you have already, or in recommending 
any other ^cell of Land wh may be of Service to your- 
self as well as me, now is the time to Strike whilst the 
Iron is hot, pray let me know by the first opportunity 
whether you Shall be from home any time next month 
for I shall be tempted (I beUeve) to take a 2** Race over 
your high Lands in order to Confer with you upon these 
weighty matters. Im in a very great Consternation that 
I have not yet heard from my F^ M"" Watts or M' Perry 
upon the Subject of my Lres in Janry sent by way of Bos- 
ton, I very much fear that they have miscarry'd by this 
Long Silence But I have wrote Several times this Sum' 
& given Such hints as may be Suff* for them to write back 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. Ill 

As to Harrissons 2** Trial you have a Trusty hand to 
mforme you concerning it; therefore think it needless 
for me to touch upon it. 

Lord Augustus & his Lady are gone home in Stevens 
by whom I hkewise wrote to M' Watts & before by Tom: 
Smith So that 'twil be hard if we fail of hearing this fall 
f "^ them 

I am, with humble Service to M" Golden Miss & 
the Rest of y« Family 

Dear Sir 
Your Sincere f '^ & Servant 

Dan Horsmanden. 

I beg you'l make my Complem*" at 

P. S. I have drawn the Declaration of Trust in a con- 
cise form. I think tis Suff* for the purpose If you don't 
I will alter it when I see you 


To The Hon''''' Cadwallader Golden Esq' 


From Micajah Perry. 

London August 30**' 1734. 

I rec* yours of the 8*'* June, I am concerned to see 
such a Scene of Villany Transacting in America, we have 
had abundance of such doings with us, but I was in hopes, 
it had reached no farther than our own Island, I am 
particularly sorry My old friend M' Horsmanden, had 
any share in the publick negotiation of it, though I am 
perswaded from a long Knowledge of him, it must have 
bin from an iU impression that was made upon him of 
that affair; you mention a letter you wrote to me in 
concert with that Gent° in December last it never came 
to my hands, neither am I in any sort acquainted with 

112 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

the contents of it, it must have miscarried; the dis- 
turbances in your Government makes a good deal of 
noise hear & find most people blame M' Cosby & I should 
think if you pushed that matter vigourously before y" 
Council, he would not be able to stand it the story of 
Lord Hows makeing an exchange with him, I have heard 
nothing of, but that is no reason why it should not be 
on the anvil for I am in great disgrace with the present 
powers & by consequence in none of their secrets though 
I am inchnable to think there is not much in it, we are 
here in an ugly diflBculty, between peace & Warr, M' 
Walpole is now at the Hague, trying his Skill, how he 
can reconcile the Contending parties if he effects his 
purpose it will be a master peice for in the light I see 
things, France can never make peace without Stanis- 
laus is fixed in poland which y« Elector of Saxony is in 
possession of nor should I imagine that y Empire would 
ever consent to part with Italy, which the Spaniards are 
possessed of, so that the affairs of Europe seem to me to 
be a good deal perlexed, & what adds to y^ difficulty of 
y® whole the Dutch are become jealous of us, on y« Prince 
of Oranges account & seem resolved to risque everything 
rather than go into a Warre which they apprehend will 
be The Establishing him Stadtholder, I do intend If I 
have time to write to M^ Horsmanden, but least I should 
not, I desire you will present him my Complements, & 
believe me your Self to be Very truly 

your most humble Servent 
MicAjAH Perry. 

From Edward Collins. 

I have yours now before me of the 29* Augt: Last 
Wherein You Seem to be Very much out of humour that 
I have taken an Assignment on Yours and M' Mathews's 
bond, if I had known that I Could As Well have made 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 113 

M' Lindesay pay me down in money, for It was Ready 
money he had in hands of mine and All my Own fees but 
Could I Imagin or Any body else that this was not a regard 
paid by me to y bond and that you would not be obliged 
to me for the Same and Could I tell what agreements you 
and M"" Mathews had With one an other About the pay* 
thereof, and is there Such a mighty difference In the 
Case of this Spring or this fall of the payt of my note of 
hand, which I gave you this Spring When We made up 
our Accounts did I not then also promise to pay you out 
of Groesbecks money, and that as Soon as I Could, and 
you are paid Since 20 £ by the governour on my Ace* It's 
true I did promise to pay for you 24 £ to Allexander or 
Send It Down as Soon as I came up and Could make up 
the money but will any man Judge me In the Wrong In 
doing of this Since this bond is payable to you and 
Mathews both Jointly and Severally, I don't think you 
Ever had a Deputy that has been So true a friend to 
you as I have been And such a Slave uppon All Accounts 
nor has Done more to keep Your favours, but Do assure 
you I Do not Care to be Wrote to In Such a Manner as 
you have Done Nether Am I conscious to myself that I 
Deserve It however shall Write to M"" Alexander about 
the Affair and if he'll Accept of me for the money payable 
In 14 Day or 3 Weeks I shall Send It and Also tell him 
the Mistake happend between me and you but not tell 
him that I have used You ill As you Intimate I Should 
Do but I shall make him Easey and When we meet if 
you can give me any just reason for being So much out 
of humour With me, and you think You can meet With 
Any other In Our County, that Will Show you more 
regard and Acknowledge the favours you done Me With 
more Sincerity than I have Done, you may depute him 
and I Shall Fhng up, and give you a Just acct of the 
warrants now before me, for I fear not having All the 
Employmt In this County relateing to the Sureyors 
Office Except Warrants and then what I get is my own 
and the fouth part of that which I now give you I belive 
Will do me more good than the benefit of y^ Warrants, 
But I Do not think I Deserve to be used So, or Do I Desire 

114 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

that you Should but, if It Cannot othewise be then It 
must be so 

I am S' Your Very hum^* 

Ed Collins. 
Alby y 5 Sep' 1734 

Enclosed is a Copy of what I Write to M' Alexander 
and I begg y Answer Signifying the R* hereof but hope 
It Will be more Agreeable to him who has Alwais En- 
deavoured to pleas and Serve You and is Still So 


To Cadwalader Golden Esq' Surveyor 
General] of the province of New York 
at Coldinham or N. York 

From Alured Popple. 

Whitehall, Nov 1"* 1734. 

My acknowledging your Letter to me of the 4*** of 
December last, will I fear give you Reason to beUeve, 
either, that I am very negUgent of my Friends, or that 
I do not care for your Correspondance, for you cannot 
think, that I have not, since your last, had time to write 
to you: I must therefore Speak Truth, & leave you to 
make your own Judgement. In the first Place, my time 
is realy chiefly taken up at the OflBce, and when that is 
over, I am glad of a Httle Country Retirement, where I 
go every Night; But this has not been the Reason of my 
Silence: The true one is, that having heard from other 
Hands the same Account that you sent me, altho' not 
so Succinct, having likewise receiv'd Letters from the 
Governor upon the same Subject, And knowing at the 
same time that those matters lay before the Council as 
Complaints against the Governor, I was wiUing in my 
Answer to Yours, to have sent you, what were the Reso- 
lutions of the Council, upon those Complaints: But as I 
find that Matter may yet draw into Length I chose 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 115 

rather to write, altho' not in direct Answer to your Letter, 
than to waite any longer. 

I will not at present enter into the Merrits of the 
Complaints againsj the Governor because as he has 
given his Answer to them, the Complainants will soon 
press for some Resolution upon them: But so far I will 
venture to Say, that upon Account of my Friendship to 
him, when he went to New York, I desir'd of all things, 
that He would create an intimate Friendship with you, 
because I knew he had much to expect from the Friend- 
ship of a Man, with your Knowledge of the Nature of the 
Government, and of the Temper, and different Inclina- 
tions of the People he was to govern. As I judg'd this, 
to be the most effectual Way to prevent Complaints, I 
wish he had follow'd my Advice, because I am well assur'd 
you would have led him into no Scrape. 

A Governor has at first a pretty difficult Lesson to 
learn, and if he falls into right Hands, he may certainly 
pave the Way for a peaceable, and an agreeable Way of 
making his Fortune; But otherwise he opens the Door 
to Complaints, & it may be, some cannot easily be wiped 

You see S' I avoid giveing any Opinion upon what 
you have said, concerning the Complaints against Col° 
Cosby, as I am sure you would do, in my Case, had you 
not heard very minutely what each Side had to Offer: 
But notwithstanding that, I am very much oblig'd to you 
for the Confidence you have plac'd in me, by writeing so 
freely upon the Subject, And as I beg you will always be- 
leive that no Inducement will ever tempt me to give up a 
Friend, So upon this Consideration, I must desire You 
will not discontinue your open way of writeing upon a 
proper Occasion, it may be of Service to you, and always 
is so, to me. I am very Sincerely, 
Yours most humble Servant, 

Altjred Popple. 

116 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

N. York Novemb' the ll*"* 1734. 
Dear Sir. 

You are happy who hve in Retirem* & I'm glad of it 
Resentm*^ are carryed to that Length here that all 
Charity & Humanity are laid aside! I have within these 
few days felt Another Instance of the Severity of party 
Rage in Print by a Book said to be printed at Boston 
wherein are contained V: Dam's Articles of Complaint 
The Councils Lre to the D. of Newcastle & Remarks & 
Observations by way of Reply whereby Reference is made 
to an Affidavit of my very good Friend Confidant & 
Trustee Rich<^ Ashfield To prove the Arcle relating to my 
being in Necessitous Circumstances, Which Affidavit 
as I have Since been informed was made & sent home 
with those Arcles this time 12 month, tho it has been a 
Secret to me & my friends til the appearance of this 
Extraordinary ^formance w^ has been disperssed with 
great Industry. The ^fidiousness of so base an Action 
the Deponent himself has been so Conscious of as possi- 
tively to Deny the fact to my Friend Capt" Long, tho' 
I am confidently Assured f™ good hands, that tis true: 
& what ^swades me of the ReaUty of it is; Th* 2 days 
before the pubUcation of this famous fiformance I reced 
a Lre f " Ashfield, Threatning me That if I did not pay 
the money he was Trustee for within 24 hours he wo"* 
proceed to the Sale of my Books Goods & c w'''^ I had Con- 
vey 'd to him for the Security of: To informe you by 
what means this Debt arose wo"^ be a Story too long 
for a Lre tho' but one Instance of those many Severe 
Strokes of fortune w'''' I have Laboured under but in 
short all the money which remain'd in my power I had 
ordered into the hands of 2 Brothers Tobacco merch** in 
England Between 4 & 500£ And this money being p"* 
according to Order Abo* this time 2 year I drew for be- 
tween 3 & 400£ But as my 111 Stars wo'^ have it, They 
failed before my Bills come to England & they were all 
protested, For securing whereof I was put under the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 117 

necessity before hinted : But this is not the only Calamity 
I Labour under for the inveterate Malice of my Voluntary 
Enimys here, as I'm Inform'd take indefatigable pains 
in Tradeing & Villifying my Character in marking me out 
as a ^son unsafe to Converse with, as if I were a Spy & a 
Betrayer of Confidence (of w"'^ M"' Mathews may informe 
you more) in order to bring me upon a Level w*^ y^selves 

This Scandalous & Villainous Treatm* has made the 
Gov^ Senceible, that I have not been, the ^son he Sus- 
pected me to be from those good Offices I have endeav- 
oured to do to these who are become my proposed Enimys, 
And has therefore Engagd himself to pay a cons*''" part 
of the Debt And has in the most Solemn manner Assured 
my f'"^ whom I prevaild with to Sollicit this matter with 
him. That whatever Lands I can get Intelligence of w"** 
may be for my ^pose likely to Sell & raise money upon 
he will Grant them to me if tis 6 8 or 10,000£ I am 
^suaded of your Friendship & good Inclination & In- 
tention to Serve me. Yourself & M"" Mathews are the only 
ITde ^ch J (ja^jj hope for any Service of this kind from. I 
am sencible That whatever you may be so good as to 
Comunicate in ^suance of this Request may probably 
be what he & you might most reasonably have designed 
to have found Some Account in yourselves w"'' by apply- 
ing to my urgent occasions you may so far preclude your- 
selves of y* Benifit Nevertheless if you Sho'^ be so gener- 
ous & friendly to Serve me in this Instant I hope you are 
^suaded of my Disposition, tho' f"' A Short acquaint- 
ance, not to be ungratefull, but that I shall hereafter 
evince my Sincerity, in making all the Returnes that may 
be in my power to Show That I am unfeignedly 
Dear Sir 

Your most Affectionate F"^ & 
obliged humble Servant 

Dan Horsmanden. 
P. S. 

I believe I have Stumbled upon some 
^tic" w"'' will Overset & Defeat all 

This may Seem a little Difficult to 

118 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

to apprehend but upon cons° you may- 
unfold the mistery 

My hble Service to M" Golden & all 
the Good Family. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 


From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York Nov y« U*** 1734. 

Dear Sir, 

M' Mathews Spent the Evening with me last Night, 
when we co"^ not fail to remember yourself, & family in 
Our Cups; he told me he had an Opportunity of writing 
to you, by a Safe hand, who was to Sett out abo* noon, 
accordingly I wrote a Lre of Grievancey w"^ as I de- 
hvered to his Sister, as I was hurrying to Council, She 
told me her Brother had this morning reced Lres fm you 
& one enclosed for me, w"^ he had in his pocket: & at my 
Returne, I accordingly reced it: this furnishes me with 
further occasion of Setting pen to paper not only in 
answer to yours, but to observe something w"'* for want 
of time in the morning I was Obliged to omit: I am glad 
to hear that our worthy friend M^ Perry is well. But am 
exceedingly Surprized, That he has not your Lre w"^ 
Inclosed in 2 pacquets I sent by way of Boston in Janry 
(ie a DupUcate in one) The Surveyor Gen' M"" Peagrum 
actually recvd them, & Dispatcht 'em from thence in 2 
Ships what almost Confirms me in my fears, is the not 
having one word of Intelligence of them from M' Perry 
M"" Watts or one Line from His Grace by the Ships lately 
arriv'd; nor with respect to my 3 Lres to Watts sent by 
Ships from hence that Sailed in June, July & Aug* in 
every one of w"*" I gave M^ Watts Suff* hints of the Scheme 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 119 

& the Signification desired preparotory to the Com- 
municating the Same; All my hopes remain in Smith 
who is not yet arriv'd, by whom I wrote more ^ticularly, 
& gave the pacquet into his own hands, w"'' he promised 
to DeUver himself for M' Watts at the Sun fire Coffee 
house w** is near his Walks, by the Exchange: If I don't 
hear by him I shall imagine The Devil himself has been 
engag'd for the Disappointm*: The postscript of yours 
gave me great Consolation as to the Value of the Land 
Collins is Surveying (as I hope) but not a word f"" him. 

You pretty well know my Sentiments, as to y» 
Equivalent that the L*^' are not worth my Clyents Strug- 
ling for; But if they differ in opinion & ^sist; I do think 
your Grant must for many Reasons be destroyed, & that 
it might & probably wo"^ be Defeated; if the English 
Grant was out of the Case, and tho' (as some use the 
phrase) I am paid for thinking I think I must Declare so, 
if I were not: my Reasons at present must be to myself 
but hereafter ^haps you may have 'em at large; I know 
of no Decrees before hand nor wo"^ I: you will know them 
soon enough before they are put in Execution; If they 
sho«* Decline at home Your associates may ^haps be 
easie for some time. 

In the morning, I gave you Some Specimens, with 
respect to party Rage by w"'* I am a cons'' •« sufferer & 
with Respect to my Circumstances Unless providence is 
pleas'd to throw Some unforeseen assistance in my way 
to enable me to get entirely out of their clutches, I can 
expect nothing humane f"* them; I shall ever Remember 
your kind proposall at Our parting with respect to the 
6000* Collins has the Survey for But in my present 
Anguish of mind I did in the morning entreat your further 
kind assistance w°^ may in strictness be thought bearing 
too hard upon your good Nature: But if you Should 
think so I yet flatter myself from your Fdship & Candour 
that you will excuse it from the urgency of my Affairs at 
this Juncture: As to any thing further of News nothing 
occurs to me at present in this Distraction of thought: 
But that there is Uttle (or I may say no) Hopes of Old 
Morris's being Restored Therefore nothing remains for 

120 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

him but to doe what Little Mischief more may be in his 

I am 

Dear Sir 

Yours most obliged & 
faithful F^ & Serv* 

Dan Horsmanden. 
My Respects to all the family. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 


From Daniel Horsmanden. 

Sunday Morning Nov the 17*'' 1734. 

N. York. 
Dear Sir, 

I am now quite out of all hopes as well as patience. 
For The Beaver is arriv'd & not one Line from my Friend 
Watts M' Perry or his Grace. It is very Strange & Sur- 
prizing being fully ^suaded That had they reced any 
of my Leres either those sent in Janry via Boston or the 
Several Lres I wrote this Summer I should have had 
answers f™ some of them: Tom. Smith assures me he 
deliv* my Pacquet I intrusted him with for M' Watts 
at the Sun Fire Insurance Office of w^^ he is a Director & 
^suant to his own Orders were to be left there, tho' 
Smith indeed Did not See him Sure it is next to impossible, 
that they should be Intercepted in England; tis beyond 
my apprehention to conceive what should be the mean- 
ing of this! If you can any ways account for it I beg you 
will Communicate your thoughts abo* it: There is a 
Ship Sails to morrow & I will make one attempt more 
by giving Suff* hints necessary for the ^pose: I sho'* 
be glad to know if you have reced any Lres concerning 
those matters by the Beaver, ^haps you have been wrote 
to and that maybe Sufficient, w"** I wish may be the Case 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 121 

When M' Mathews comes up I will write to you at 

I am with humble Service to all the family 
Dear Sir 

Your most assured & affectionate 
friend & Servant 
Dan Horsmanden. 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

N. Y. Novemb' the 19*'' 1734. 
Dear Sir, 

Our friend Mathews yesterday Surprized me with an 
Acco* That on Saturday Evening last You were Suspended 
from your Office of Survey Gen" If it be true, 'twas done 
in Such privacy, that I knew not one Syllable of it It 
could hardly be done in Council for I believe there were 
not at that time a Suff* number in Towne with* me & 
there was no Council in the Evening that I heard of & I'm 
Sure 'twas not done in the morning for we all broke up & 
went away together: If this be true (& I have long 
found that all the Secrets Transacted there Soon come 
to Light) You no doubt will Determine to goe home the 
first Opportunity In order to Doe yourself Justice & now 
two or 3 Ships are going. 

A Particular friend of yours has ever Since you went 
been most Importunate w*^ me for the Dr* of the Bill in 
Chancery, his Scheme opens to me plainer every Day: 
Great fraud & Collusion is Charged upon the Agreem* 
1725 To w'''^ he himself is a party; for w^ Reason I have 
likewise made him one to the Bill ; I asked him, between 
him & myself, how he came to come in to it if 'twas Such 
as he seems now so grossly to explode, he s*^ he believed 
he was bewitcht: 'tis most ungratefuU task to me, to have 
it fall within the Duty of my profession that I am obliged 
even in a Bill of Equity to Charge my friend whom I am 
^suaded of being a man of Sence & Honour with Epithets 
that are odious to him & myself But you know they are 

122 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

words of Course in Such Cases, thrown in at the will of 
the Clyent or in Complyance with the comon forms, & 
you are in very Good Company. M" Clarke Kennedy 
A. V. Home, Vincent Mathews Alexander & Smith &c. 
who will have a Share with you: But I am ^suaded That 
f*" your good Sence & Experience of Business you will be 
of Opinion that you cannot take the thing amiss at my 
hands in the manner it Shall pass from me & I do assure 
you it Shall not have my Consent to undergoe any altera- 
tions w'''^ may be calculated to thro' other Dirt or Scandall 
than the common suggestions w''^ by men of no experience 
in Business of that Nature, may be tho* to do : But if this 
matter be true That you are actually Suspended: I am 
aware of ano' Drift of your Adversarys in pressing & 
hastening this Bill So much w^ if the Design be as I 
Surmise will be in Effect Tying up your hands to cut 
your throat (i. e.) If the Bill Sho** be filed time enough, & 
you Sho<^ be preparing for England To endeavour to Stop 
you by a Ne exeat; for w"^ Reason I do assure you I will 
stay my hand as long as possible, & if there is any Danger 
in that, you Shall not fail of knowing it: & 'tis but keep- 
ing over at Hoebuck whilst your Son by your Directions 
prepares your things here & so to go on Board from 
thence: This, nothing less than the Sacred Tyes of 
friendship & the Value I have for you & the Confidence 
& Trust I repose in you could have prevailed on me to 
Communicate for I cannot be so calm & cool a friend as to 
Secrete f"^ you Such Villainous attempts & you may be 
assured: That whatever I can Imagine hear or think of 
w"*^ may be for your Service to know Consistent with my 
honour & Consience to impart you Shall have from me. 
For I shall always endeavour to approve myself 
Your Sincere & FaithfuU Friend 

Dan Horsmanden. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 


THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 123 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

N. York Nov y« 27t'' 1734. 
Dear Sir, 

I could not omit writing by M"" Mathews whereby I 
can depend upon Security but am sorry I've been dis- 
appointed in my Expectations of answer to my 2 or 3 last 
Lres. Since my writing last A Certain worthy good friend 
of y" in Conjunction w*^ ye Sec^^ has propos'd a Scheme 
for Granting away all the Remaining Vacant Lands in 
Evans Grant, & in order to make it goe down the better 
some of the Council were offer'd to be Lett in for 2000" 
a peice. And tho' I am not well pleas'd to see it going in 
this manner Yet I could (as I otherwise wo<^) have Re- 
fused for Several Reasons. The Gov Seeming pleas'd 
with the thing is one & others you may easily guess at. 
But I am apprehensive of many Difficultys attend^ it 
& Law Suits not the least of them, But a pet"* has been 
presented & Granted & Warr* of Survey ready to Sign & 
Directed to y^self w"^ was more than I expected But I 
am in hopes the Report concerning You is Groundless: 
The Bill in Chancery I shall keep in my hands as long 
as possible tho' I'm teazed to Death abo* it & when it 
goes from me The Attorney must pass it W^ will take him 
no little time. I am in great hast just going to Council 
& In expectation the Assembly will be up today So must 
Conclude with humble Service to all the family 
Your most Sincere F'^ & ObUged hble 
Dan Horsmanden. 

I shc^ be glad to hear w you've 
any news f"* M' Perry by the Beaver. 


To Cadwalladeb Golden Esq' 


124 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From John Chambers. 

New York March 23<» 1734/5. 

M"" Collins tells me he has not as yet Received the 
Warrant of Survey to Kettelhuyn and others for a Tract 
of Land in Albany which I gave you when you were last 
in Town and I think you promist to give it to M' Collins 
this winter 

I therefore desire you will please to Send it to him or 
some other of your Deputys at Albany by the first Op- 
portunity otherwise it is ten to one but some great Cain 
man or other will get the Land from us. Your fees shall 
be punctually paid you; I am with my humble Service 
to M" Colden, Sandy and Miss Betsie 

S' Your most Humble Servant 

Jn: Cham'bers. 


To Cadwallater Golden Esq' 

in Ulster Gounty 

Col Morris to the Marquiss of Lothian. 

I was taken so ill with a Violent Purging some time 
after I had the hon' to Deliver D' Coldens Letter to your 
Lordship that I have not been able sooner to Comply 
with your Lordships comands in Furnishing you with 
some hints that might be of use to the Doctor and Enable 
your Lordship to Say or do Something in his favour as 
Occasion might offer. 

The Doctor is Surveyor Generall of the Province of 
New York the duty of that officer is not only to Survey 
and truely Set out and Bound such Lands as are from 
time to time Granted by the Crown to the Subject and 
take care that the Grantees take to themselves only the 
Lands intended to be granted and not others but there is 

THE COLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 125 

a farther trust reposed in him that he Set out and Survey- 
all Lands in such manner as the King has directed by 
his instruction to his Governor so that by the Nature of 
his Office he is not only a check upon the people to prevent 
them from imposing upon the Crown but also a Check 
upon the Governours to prevent them from granting of 
Lands in other manner than the Crown intended they 
should be granted which Governours (with whom Avarice 
is too often the most Darhng Passion) can be some times 
prevaild upon to do, he is farther a Check upon the 
Governour by being one of His Majesties Councill for 
that Province which makes an honest and bold man who 
Strickly adheres to his duty Obnoxious to the resent- 
ment of a Governour who would be free from all re- 
straints in the pursuits of Wealth, this being his case he 
has reason to fear the resentments of a Person who can 
beare no Opposition whatever and thinks himself Secure 
by the great interest of the Dukes of New Castle, Moun- 
tague and Lord Halifax to be protected in the doing 
of Every thing he Judges most conducive to his pur- 
poses and tho' I believe those Noble Lords will be far 
from using any endeavours to Support M' Cosby in any 
unwarrantable or even unkind Action and should he dis- 
place or Suspend the Doctor would rather try to get him 
restor'd and check the Governour for so rash and im- 
prudent a procedure than use their power and interest 
with the King to Justifye the Governour Yet the Very 
Displacing or Suspending of such an Officer (Should he 
be afterwards restored) is not only taking at once from 
him all the benefitts of his Office the only Support he has 
for a Large Familly but adding to the injury a necessity 
of bearing it rather than Engage in the plague and Ex- 
pence of a Solicitation to get himself restor'd againe a 
Sufficient discouragement this to prevent any Officer 
from Opposing a Governour so remote from England 
tho' the officer should in so doing be doing his indispen- 
sable duty. 

When I last heard from the Doctor he was not then 
displaced but Apprehended he would be as soon as the 
Ships intended for this place had left New York. I faintly 

126 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

hope the Doctors Apprehensions may be wrong but I 
know M^ Cosby so capable of doing any harsh thing that 
I fear the Doctors Apprehensions are too well Grounded, 
he cannot Accuse himself of doing any thing to deserve 
it but knows M' Cosby has those about him who have 
been Proved in Open Court not to be incapable of Saying 
or doing any thing as your Lordship may See in the Tryall 
between Francis Harrison Esq"" one of the Councill there 
and one truesdale added to the End of a Print herewith 
Sent Entitled a Indication of James Alexander &c And 
against Such there is no guard tho' he knows that the 
Strict adherence to his Duty renders him Obnoxious to the 
Governour and will be the true reason for his removing 
him yet that true reason will never be given for the doing 
of it but feigned ones made use of which the Doctor has 
Endeavoured to discover as well as he can and he is told 
they are to be what follows. Viz*: Reason 1^* that Colden 
should say in some Companeys that the Governours bills 
had been protested. Answer if Colden had Said so and 
truely or falsely that is no Sufficient reason for displacing 
of him: but Colden positively denyes that he Ever did Say 
so or heard any Body Else Say so. 

Second reason that Colden revealed the Secretts of 
the Councill by giving me and those concerned with me a 
Copy of the Councills Letter to the Duke of New Castle — 
Answer this I know to be a mistake for I had that Letter 
given me by a Merchant of New York nor did I then or do 
I yet know from whom that Merchant had it nor would he 
tell me and this was when Docotr Colden was at this 
House in the Country nigh Sixty Miles from New York 
and I believe long before M'' Colden knew any thing of it 
himself neither was it Ever communicated to him by the 
Councill or was he a party to it nor was it a thing in its 
nature to be a Secret Except it was to Screen the Writers 
from the Scandall Justly due for the Writing so many and 
notorious untruths, M' Colden had it from his Deputy 
but have it how he would he never did disclose it. Third 
that the Doctor is a Jacobite — Answer this he Says Your 
Lordship knows to be false as any thing can be for he went 
with your Lordship from London to Scotland and on the 

THE CXDLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 127 

News of Mclntoshes Landing on the South Side of the 
Firth of Edinborough he brought upward of Seventy Men 
from the Parish where his Father lives and continued 
with your Lordship under Arms at Kelso several dayes. 
I know the man and I believe your Lordship doth so well 
that it is as soon to be believed he was a Turk as a 

it may perhaps be Objected against him that in his 
Oflflce of Surveyor some persons names have been made 
use of In Trust for him in the Grants of Lands or that 
he has taken a part of the Lands Granted for his fees. 
I don't know that this is or can fairely be Objected 
but to this it is Answered that if it be true it is no crime 
the Governour and all the Officers have done and dayly 
do the same nor is it more Criminall for Golden to take a 
Grant of Land from the Crown paying the usual Quit 
Rents fees and Services for the Land than for any Body 
else but I think Golden has more to Say for himself in 
this case than other Folks for he has no Sallary annexed 
to his Office the profit of it consist only in Fees and if 
those who take up Land are willing to pay him A share 
or part of the Land for his Fees which it is an Ease for 
them to do I can See nothing in reason or good conscience 
that can hinder him from taking of it these things my 
Lord are what I guess will be said against him as reasons 
for his removall, tho' I do but guess so and he has had 
some hints of it perhaps to fright him into becoming what 
he should not nor will not be Your Lordship may per- 
haps from the Duke of New Castle learn if these or other 
things are laid to his charge if he is not accused he needs 
no defence if he is it would seem hard to deprive him of his 
place before the accusations are made out after an oppor- 
tunity given him to defend himself for that would be 
punishing perhaps of an Innocent person or at best mak- 
ing a person Suffer the Punishment of a guilty Person 
before it can fairly be known whether he is guilty or not, 
not unlike what is mentioned by one of the poets castigat 
Indicatque it is my own case being displaced for reasons 
to be fish'd for after it was done but I hope it will not be 
the Doctors or anybodyes else and that the Ministry 

128 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

will take some care that no Officer in that Government be 
punished till he has had an opportunity to defend him- 
self and full proof made that he has done something to 
deserve such a treatment. I send your Lordship what 
is there said to be the letter to his Grace and the answer 
to it with some other papers relating to the contests in 
that Government and begging Your Lordships pardon 
for the Length of this I am &c. 
Dukes Court S' Martins Lane 
March 26*»> 1735 

[Indorsed in Colden's handwriting] 

Coll Morris Letter to the Marquiss op lothian. 

Cadwallader Golden to James Alexander. 

March 27*'^ 1735. 

On the 20*'* of this month Worster came to my house 
& served me with a Subpena to appear in Chancery the 
10*^ of April It was dated the 10*^ of March & sign'd 
Will Sharpass. Jacobus Bruyn Jun"- & Vin Matthews 
were in the same subpena with me It had been serv'd 
the Day before on M"" Bruyn & afterwards on the same day 
on M" Mathews with whom he left the Subpena I sup- 
pose it to be in the usual form & was listed by W"" Cosby 
Esq^ Captian Genl &c in Chancery No doubt you have 
had the hke serv'd on you, I have expected this for some 
time past & did not think any more of it but to refer my 
self wholly to you & the other Gentlemen that are on 
Council in this case But Since that I could not help 
thinking more particularly what method will be best 
in this case where I suppose we are all resolv'd to deny 
the Authority of the Court. I have no books nor skill in 
the Law to direct me I can judge no otherwise than by 
what my reason suggests & I am affray'd likewise you 
cannot have many if any cases to the point in your Law 
books because that in a Country where the Courts of 
Judicature have been so long established as in England 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 129 

& their Jurisdiction well known such a case as this cannot 
well happen & I'l presume therefore to give my Thoughts 
of it & then leave it absolutely to you 

In Disputes of Jurisdiction These remarkable Distinc- 
tions & Differences may happen, when a Court is Legally 
established & the Judges Duly apointed & Qualified but 
in some particular case exceed their Jurisdiction 2 when 
a Court is legally established but the Judges Commissions 
are not legal or are under some Disability in a particular 
case & 3 when the Court it self is not legally established 
or when there is no such Court but men take upon them- 
selves without sufficient authority to erect a Court & act 
as officers of that Court. This last case I suppose to be 
our present state of the Chancery. 

In the first case a Plea to the Jurisdiction I believe is 
the Regular Method In the second Exceptions to the Judge 
But in the last case I know not how either a Plea or Ex- 
ception or even a Prohibition can lye for Entering an ap- 
pearance & acknowleging the Court & by Pleading or 
Excepting you allow the Court to have Authority more 
or less & even a Prohibition supposes that it is a Court & 
that they are officers of that Court so that your Pleading 
in a manner destroys it self. Now I can see no other 
Method but to bring Actions at Common Law against the 
persons who disturb & molest us with a pretended Author- 
rity & by bringing writs of Habeas Corpus in case they pro- 
ceed to attachments By this means the Authority of the 
Court of Chancery in this Province may be brought to a 
legal trial — but what power a Judge has in this case when 
a Habeas Corpus is before him you know but what he will 
do perhaps he himself knows not at present tho what he 
ought to do I think I can guess at & therefore the Conse- 
quences of his Will as well as his Power ought to be con- 
sider'd carefully before we begin so as to be prepared on all 
events. But again are not all the persons who thus 
take upon themselves or exercise an illegal Authority 
subject to presentment & Inditement & are not Ukewise 
the Council who sign the Bill & advise the commencing 
such suits in pretended Courts that have no authority are 
they not I say Ukewise liable to be Indited. Would not 

130 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

this be the cheapest way of trying this case & likewise 
most proper that such a suit be rather at the pubUck 
charge than at private persons Expence & that every 
man who is desirous of having this so long disputed point 
brought to a fair Issue will incourage the most general 
& effectual way of determining it since the Determina- 
tion may be of such consequence to the Country For if 
the suit be carried on at a private expence only private 
persons may be tired out or they may compromise matters 
& the thing remain under termined One objection to this 
last method may be that if this shall be thought dis- 
agreable to the Court the Sheriff will take care of the 
men that are summon'd on Grand Juries But if those 
that were formerly against a Gov" Chancery will join 
with those that are now of the same mind it will be diffi- 
cult for a Sherriff to prevent it especially if the Grand 
Jury know that the Inditement is brought not so much 
to punish the person as to try the Authority of the Court. 
And May not such Inditement be brought in Any other 
County where Subpenas are serv'd as West Chester or 
Queens County where the Sheriffs may have no such 

An Inditement will have more weight at home in case 
it be removed on Error than the case of a private person 
who may be supposed to be willing to avoid Justice or 
Equity because an Inditement will show the Opinion of 
the People of the Country so that on many account so 
far as I can judge it will be the most proper & effectual 

At the same time I should think it proper for one 
or more of the persons concern'd to petition the Gov- 
ernour & Council to give Orders to stop all proceedings 
in Chancery till the Legahty of the Court be tried 
at Law & such person's name should be chosen as may 
give least offence & who has not been ingaged in any of the 
late pubHck disputes or in any private Disputes with the 
Governour If it be proper for him to desire to he hear'd 
by Council I suppose M' Murray will readily undertake it 
If such Petitions were likewise put in from the Cor- 
poration of New York & from several Grand Juries in 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 131 

several parts of the Country it would be of use to make 
the trial at Law more Solemn & would make it to be more 
cautiously consider' d at home in case of removal upon 
Error. If a new Governour be expected there is the more 
reason to push this effectually at this time. The Sug- 
gestions in the Petitions I think may be to this purpose 
That whereas the General assembly of this Province did 
on the 25*^ day of November 1727 Resolve that The 
Erecting or exercising in this Colony a Court of Equity 
or Chancery (however it be termed) without consent in 
General Assembly is unwarrantable & contrary to the 
Laws of England & a manefist Oppression & Grievance to 
the Subjects & of perniceous consequence to their Liberty 
& Properties & that the like Resolves had been made by 
several proceeding assemblies. And whereas since the 
making of the said Resolve no proceedings have been in 
the Court of Chancery till very lately & it is strongly 
imprest upon the Peoples minds that the Court of Chan- 
cery as lately exercised is illegal & may be of ill Con- 
sequence to their Liberty & Property They humbly pray 
his Excellency & Council for the quieting of peoples 
minds & preserving the Peace of the Country to order 
all proceedings in Chancery to stop & cease till such time 
as the Court of Chancery shall be erected & established 
with Consent in General Assembly or till the Authority 
or Legality of the Court of Chancery as lately exercised 
be determined by a fair & publick trail at Law I think 
the attorney General is the proper person to be endited 
& the Grandjury in their address or Petition to the Gov- 
ernour may set forth that they have indited him with 
Intention to have this matter fairly & solemnly tried at 
Law But however as I said before I am so ignorant of the 
Law that I must leave these things entirely to you & the 
other Gentlemen that are our Council but I think this 
way will show that we do not act out of peek or resent- 
ment & seems to me likely to be most usefull every way 
both here & at home In the mean time pray do for me 
what is proper & give me all the necessary Directions 
what to do & trust nothing to my own knowlege for in 
matters of form no man can be more Ignorant than I am 

132 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York April y 2^ 1735. 
Dear Sir, 

I receiv'd y" of the 11*'* March abo* 10 d' Since, 
wherein you Seem gently to reprove me for not having 
wrote oftener to you this Winter, & that from a Con- 
fession of my own, that it was not for want of matter, tho 
(if I forget not) my Expression was. Not altogether for 
want &c, & indeed I had the greatest Reason for express- 
ing myself in that manner, for I never new a greater bare- 
ness of News, for so many Mo« together, If I could have 
informed you of any thing for your Services I Sho** not 
have failed of doing it; tho' f"^ the IntelHgence I had 
f™ Young Mathews here I was ^suaded it wo^ indeed 
have been an Adventure, when he informed me th* Lres 
had been broken open w^ had been sent to his Fa' & yrself 
by the same Opportunity I have ^posed to have made 
use of: But now M"^ Mathews himself is come down 
(upon an odd Sort of Errand in my Opinion) I think I may 
with Security Observe Some things to you w^ otherwise 
'twould have been prudence to have kept longer. As to 
the Oblong Bill, my Dr* of it was finished before Xtmas; 
But Machiaval & I disagreed abo* many ^ticl" in it 
wherefore when 'twas got f"^ me, it was thought proper 
to be altered & new molded accord^ to his own Scheme 
in Such manner that 'twas not thought proper to Trust 
me with a Sight of it, for fear I sho*^ have Reason to pro- 
duce Suff* to Convince others concerned, that mine was 
right & his wrong, Wherefore according to his usual 
method of proceedings recourse must be had to an In- 
direct way of compassing his Ends, by procuring a 
meeting of all Lawy" concern'd & So to have a Cursory 
Reading of the Dr' & thrust it down their throats & ex- 
tort an approbation & it happened very well for him & 
me; th* I could not be present at the meeting, w^ Spared 
me some Trouble, as well as the Necessity of Showing 
some Resentm* from such ill Treatm* For in a Regular 
way of Business most certainly the Dr* Sho<^ have been 
Return'd me, with Reasons in Support of the Alterations 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 133 

& Information by whom such Alterations were made & 
in point of Good Manners my Dr* Sho*^ not have been 
altered, but proposalls upon Separate paper with Refer- 
ences to such places offered to be altere'd, this is not 
Ceremony in me, but the Regular method of doing 
Business; however it is engross'd & fyled, without my 
seeing it, & I have now the Satisfaction to Declare to you 
in Strict Confidence that the Child is none of mine, But 
thus much I durst not have ventured to Say, but when I 
could Depend upon the Safety of the Conveyance. M' 
ColUns is now here whom I have Spoke with & he informs 
me the same you wrote me, as to the ^chase &c of the 
6000" beyond Albany. Capt° Long is ordered home & 
will be SaiUng in 10d« if you have a mind to write by him: 
There is a Ship arrived at Boston from England by which 
we have the Kings Speech &c Reason to believe England 
will Stear Clear of War this y The latest Lres by him 
Dated 13*^^ Janry. but no ^ticl' News. 
I am upon all Occasions 
D' S' 
Your most assured f "^ & Serv* 

Dan Horsmanden. 
My humble Service to M" Colden & 
the rest of the Good family 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 


From George Clarke. 

N York april b"^^ 1735. 

M' Collins being in town I have had an opportunity 
of talking to him ab* Surveying my Six thousand Acres 
near Oriskeny and have accordingly aggreed with him 
to do it, if you please therefore depute him instead of 
Nicholas Schuyler you will obhge 

y most humble ser* 

Geo. Clarke. 

134 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From James Alexander. 
Dear Sir 

This comes by Coll Mathews who on Monday last 
was intirely Discharged of that illegal Caption, to the 
general Satisfaction of our friends here the particulars I 
referr you to himself for 

M' Smith and 6 on Fry day last had a meeting with 
the prop" of the Oblong at Capt Ralls in Kings Street 
Rye where it was unanimously agreed to Defend against 
the attorney Generals bill to the Last, and a further Quota 
of 15/ for Every five hundred acres was agreed on to be 
forthwith Collected & paid towards the charge of the 

We intend on the IS*'' to enter appearance for all 
Liveing within the Government & for them to file Ex- 
ceptions to his Excellency's jurisdiction the first Excep- 
tion is to his Excellencys power to judge alone in Equity, 
which Exception is to be introduced with a historical 
narration of the Exercise of the powers of Equity in this 
province Since the act of 1683 which Established them 
in Gov & Council the Second intended Exception is 
that G(w" are interested in the vacating of patents & there- 
fore cannot he judges in that case & this is to be introduced 
with an account of the method of Granting Lands in this 
province & of the Large Sums that Gov" usually receive 
for makeing patents & that 750 was actually paid to his 
predecessor for this patent. K third Exception Because 
vacating of patents in a Court of Equity is without more 
than one Single precident and that was the case of Coll 
Vernon in the time of K James the Second the prece- 
dents of which time are rather to be avoided as Racks 
than to be Coppied after, and that the Consequence of 
following such a precedent will be Subjecting the real 
Estates of all the people of this province to the will of 
him who shall be judge of Equity for the time being, and 
Depriveing them of the tryal by their peers, as to the most 
valueable part of their properties. 

As the Gov has with the Council by the act of 1683 
power to judge in Equity and as the Gov" have for 25 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 135 

years past taken cognizance alone in Equity me thinks 
it would be DisrespectfuU to Stand in Contempt till we 
showed to the Gov^ & all the world (which by printing 
our plea we shall) the reason why we refuse to Submitt, 
and Should the Gov overrule this plea then (I think) we 
may appeal to the King & Council upon it, & Stand his 
process of Contempt, or if Even we Should by Com- 
pulsion afterwards Submitt yet I conceive we shall Stil- 
have the benefite of his want of jurisdiction on the final 
appeal as we have thus Excepted to it before we Sub- 
mitted, & did not Submitt voluntaryly but by Compul- 

On fryday arrived a Ship from Lisbon by which came 
a Letter from Pachew to Depeysters, which mentions 
that on the 2^ of Febry Coll Morris & his Son were both 
in good health, there's no other vessel (but Snelling to 
Boston) as yet from London but we dayly Expect vessels 
to Boston Philadelphia & this place Capt. Stevens was to 
Sail for this place by the 10*^ of february and if he did 
so it can't be Long before he arrives 

Inclosed are the Last journals not before Sent, as to 
all other things I referr you to Coll Mathews, and am 
D' Sir 
Your most humble Servant 

Ja. Alexander. 
Newyork Aprile S*"" 



To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

att Goldingham 

From Lewis Morris. 

London Aprill ll*** 1735. 

I not being able to keep Coppyes of the letters I write 
cannot tell whether I have wrote to you or not Since my 
Arivall in this place but either to my Son or Alexander I 
sent an account how far I had proceded in your affaire. 

136 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

I talk'd with Paris who Told me nothing was to be Ex- 
pected from y« Marquis of Lothian for that y« Marquis 
had told him on Speaking to him concerning you that he 
was Very much incUned to do you all the Service in his 
power but frankly own'd y* he had not interest enough 
to do you any but must go as the duke of Argyle went be 
w"** way it would. I lik'd that opennes in y* Marquis 
but concluded if there really was such a dependance & 
friendship the marquis must have aproportionable influ- 
ence on the duke who I behev'd would never Engage him 
but in some matter of a greater consequence than such 
a trifle as every body here (even his own friends) agrees 
M' Cosby to be and therefore resolv'd to wait on him 
w"** I did after Severall dissappointed Essayes by his being 
from home, he profess'd a great friendship for Your 
father whom he knew to be an honest worthy man & said 
he would do You all the Service in his power and desired 
I would give him hints to furnish him if anything was 
offer'd against You what to say said he would talk with 
the duke of New Castle about it. I sometime after wrote 
the inclosed letter to him and Sent the papers which he 
said he would carefully observe the contents of. the 
Duke of Argile has been long ill as I am told and its 
whisperd that he declines business I have been confin'd 
60 much to my chamber by illness and writing together 
y* I have not been able to apply myself to one use of my 
time as I would have done had I been able but however 
have done So much as Promises me hopes of Success un- 
less the whole ministry Should Joyne in Cosbys favour 
w'*' I have reason to beheve they will not do: or if they 
should at this time of day perhaps it may not be attended 
with a Success like what might have been Expected Some 
time Since but this 1 leave to time if it Ever comes that 
length. A war as things appear at Present Seemes in- 
evitable this will make a mighty alteration in the face 
of things and we have that good Opinion of our Vallour 
as to beUeve we shall make a better figure in the camp 
than the cabinet. I have given M' Perry Your Letter 
who Said he had got it before when I give it him he 
pointing to the H of Cms Said we had few friends there. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 137 

I suppose he meant the Plantations he kindly invited me 
to his house which I have not yet had the Opportunity 
of making use of. nor of that of my Lord Carterets from 
whom I received the same but hope to make good use of 
these & many more of the same Kind when I have a Uttle 
health. I am Apt to believe that while I am here M"" 
Cosbyes feares and his friends prudence will prevent him 
as much as by these he can be prevented from doing of 
rash Acts least they should be complain' d of here & I hope 
you may be safe Enough in your office. I pray give my 
hearty Service to the good wife and bearnes. I hope this 
will find you & them in A good State of health, give my 
Service to honest Coll" Mathews I am not quite ripe Yet 
to Enter on his Affairs his treatment has been so flagrantly 
ill that the Governour if he is any degree Short of a mad 
man will not persist wch tho it may prove chargeable to 
M' Mathews will in Probability prove fatall to him. I 
know you will not be wanting in Endeavours to make our 
Assembly think — rightly One Petition to the King or 
adress from them would be of use should other means faile 
whereas Petitions from others tho' a great body of the 
People dont appeare with Such an air of the whole as from 
their representatives but give me leave to Say I take this 
to be the reason Viz that an assembly petitioning against 
A Governo' he is to expect nothing from them and un- 
fikely to mend himself by a new choice and therefore wont 
answer the End of sending of him Viz the making of his 
fortune and therefore must be sent somewhere Else to try 
the Experiments and another Sfent in his room to do what 
he could not ; but while he has the assembly on his Side 
tho the whole people Should growle and complaine of 
his and their conduct yet that perhaps is no ill Scituation 
of his affairs for he must continue the Same men for his 
own Sake & they for that reason will be glad to pay for 
their being continued: but if providence or the people 
make a Small alteration So as to make the ballance pre- 
ponderate on the Other Side he must Seek A new habita- 
tion. I find by the publick news here y* he has asked 
leave to come home but I doubt the Entry of it is a piece 
of artifice by his friends to make complaints against him 

138 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

thought needless I cant as yet learn anything of the affair 
of the D of Chandois you mention he has the reputation 
of an honest Sencible man but said to be reduced by his 
Projects to circumstances that renders Such an under- 
taking impracticable by him as present. God Protect 
you from Your Enemies & lend his help to Dear Sir 
Yours heartily 

Lewis Morris. 


To the Hon''''' Cadwalladek Golden Esq" 
One of his Majesties Gouncil for the province 
of New York 


Via Philadelphia. 

From Matthew Norris. 

New York April the 26*'' 1735. 

The bearer tells me that Several of his Neighbours 
are Desirous to purchase my Tract of Land near Wile- 
mans, which I spoke to you of when last in Town; I have 
Desired they would make their proposals to you, & if 
you think them any ways worth my acceptance you'll 
favour me with your advice, & I shall be ready to treat 
with them Accordingly; if nothing of this happens, the 
bearer is desirous to Settle upon the Land as my Tennant, 
you'll please also to Consider of his offers, & herein I 
should have a pleasure in being advised by you: Lewis 
has wrote you the News by Payton, which I hope will keep 
your Spirits, & I think everything will turn out well, 
Stevens is not yet Arrived: M" Norris Joins in our 
Comp*^ to M" Golden yourself & family & I am D' Sir 

Your most oblid^^ & Hum'''* 

Matt' Norris. 


To Doctor Gad"<* Golden Esq 


THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 139 

From William Sharpas. 

I lately acquainted you by Stephanus Chrest of the 
Bargain made with Stephanus Chrest the sale of my lott 
No 17 for one hundred and fifty five pounds to be paid 
the fifth day of July next whereof he has paid me ten 
pounds, and the Remaining £ 145 I have agreed to be 
paid at two several payments with Interest from the said 
fifth day of July & Inclose two Bonds accordingly to be 
Executed by Stephanus Chrest Henry Chrest Matthias 
Meltypach and M' Zachariah Hofman who you will per- 
ceive by his Inclosed letter has proposed to be bound with 
them and have also Inclosed a Lease of one & twenty 
years to Stephanus Chrest, Henry Chrest & Matthias 
Meltypach, with a Covenant to Release & Convey to 
them the Inheritance thereof in fee simple at any time 
thereafter &c : which Method I thought the most Ex- 
pedient for their Benefit, the framing whereof was found 
Expence of time and trouble. I have Executed my part 
of that Lease which I desire you to keep as Escrow until 
they have Executed & delivered to you the Counter part 
thereof with the Inclosed Bonds for my use & then to 
deliver it to them. 

I should advise them and their Countrymen under 
the like Dissabilitys to procure their Naturalization the 
first session of Assembly, which will Cost them Money 
but theirs no help for itt. As soon as that is done I 
shall Grant them an Absolute conveyance Stephanus 
Chrest must pay me Nine Shillings and four pence 
now, being the Interest of five pounds sixteen ShilHngs 
for a year Else I shall loose it by reason of one of the 
Bonds not being payable until the 5*^ of July 1737. 
I insist upon itt, the Bargain being for ready Money 
& it is for their Ease I have Condesended to take 

Sir I ask you ten thousand pardons for giving you 
this trouble. I shall allways ChearfuUy receive your 

140 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Commands & Endeavour to Demonstrate how much 
I am 


Your Most Obedient 
and Obliged 

Humble Servant 
Will Sharpas 
New York June 
y« SO*'^ 1735 

I pray when you have a safe Convey- 
ance to send me M' Hofmans Letter, 
the Bonds & the Counter part of the 
Lease when Executed if your son could 
be a Wittness to the Counter part of 
the Lease it would be the better. 


To Cadwalladeb Golden Esq' 
Surveyor General of the Province of New York. 

From Alured Popple. 

Whitehall Sep' the le*'* 1735. 

I have receiv'd yours, of the 12*^ of June last, in rela- 
tion to the difference which has lately Subsisted — ^be- 
tween Col. Cosby & you, in answer to one that I had wrote 
to you, as I likewise had done to him, and at the same 
time upon that Subject. By what you have wrote, I can- 
not forbear remarking that Col. Cosby, has had so much 
regard, for what I had recommended to him, as to take 
the first Step, towards renewing a Friendship with you 
and I am inclined to believe, that my Endeavours for a 
reunion, between you two might have succeeded, had 
you not opposed his measures particularly with regard to 
the holding a Court of Chancery, at New York. 

Upon this Occasion I cannot help being Surpriz'd that 
you who was so strenuous for it as appears by the Minutes 
of Council of the 5*^ of Decem' 1727, should now oppose 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 141 

the holding that Court. However different you may be 
in opinion, from what you then were of Col: Cosby will 
certainly Stand justifyed, In having pursued the direc- 
tions, of his Commissions and Instructions in this respect; 
This Court was estabhshed at New York in the very 
Infancy of that Colony by the Crowns undoubted Right 
signifyed to the then Governor under the Broad Seal of 
this Kingdom: Successively confirm' d under the Broad 
Seal in every Governors Commission that has been ap- 
pointed since, and which must therefore consequently be 
deemed an Essential part of the Constitution of that 
Province. And if the assembly, will but consider that 
they set only by the same Authority, that Supports the 
Court of Chancery Viz: His Majesty's Royal Directions 
signifyed to His Gov under the Broard Seal, surely they 
would not have ventured to oppose the one since at the 
same time they effectually strike at the Foundation of 
the Other. 

I have in this manner endeavour'd to set the affair of 
the Court of Chancery in its true Ught: and If I am 
happy enough to have said anything that may be con- 
vincing, I am the rather pleased because as your differ- 
ence with Col° Cosby relates chiefly to his Estabhshing 
that Court, this may tend to the renewing of your Friend- 
ship To which good end I hope, slight punctillios will 
never be a hindrance. I am 

Your most humble Serv* 

Alured Popple. 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York Decemb' y 19*^ 1735. 
Dear Sir, 

Whether I'm indebted to you a Letter or you to me 
according to The Ceremonial I know not, but setting forms 
apart, I'm resolv'd not to miss this Opportunity by Gate- 
house, but after so long a Cessation To attacque You in 
your Winter Quarters. I presume it can be no News to 
You, how much the Town has been alarmd by The Gov" 

142 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Indisposition, & you may easily imagine, how great have 
been the hopes & fears concerning him from different 
Quarters, nor can you hitherto be a Stranger to V. Dams 
Suspention from the Council by the Gubernatorial power 
at the Begining of the illness w^ has now continued 27 
days, with Various Turns & Symptoms, & by the best 
Accounts I can get from the Drs y^selves he is now far 
from being out of Danger, how unhappy a Circumstance 
would it be at this Juncture, if it Should please God to take 
him from us ! 

Jerry The Agent has had 300£ Sterl. Bills protested 
So that the Oblong aff "■ seems at present to be in Suspence. 
No Soul here has heard a word from F. Harison (as 'tis 
said) not so much as his wife or family : Blaggs two Sons 
who, as reported went over upon his Invitation in pros- 
pect of Preferm* are Return'd without Seeing him. tho 
Several times at his Lodgings & Left Letters for him in- 
forming him of their Returning, that he might send 
Letters & tho they were told of his Receiving 'em never 
had a word in answer, Don't be Surprized if the next News 
is that he's turn'd Monk in a Monastry abroad for the 
Sake of Good Living: Pray make my Complim*^ to all 
your family & the Mathew's I heartily wish you a merry 
Xtmas & many happy N years & am 
D Sir 
Your Sincere friend & hble Servant 

Dan Hoesmanden. 

G. Clerk prays heartily & hopes in 
God The Gov will do well. Great Dis- 
sentions have arisen between his Family 
& The fort from the female Quarters. 
Freeman has forbid them his House 
with this Declaration Th* he looks on 
M' Clerk to be the greatest Enimy 
The Gov has This he joins with the 
Women in proclaming to all who come 
near them Thus things work ! 


To Cadwallader Golden Esqr 

at Coldenham in Orang Gounty. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 143 

From Archibald Kennedy. 

Deer 22 d 1735. 
Dear Sir 

I embrace this opportunity cheerfully of wishing you 
and the family many happy years, M' Gatehouse will tell 
you all the newes The Doctors have still hopes of the Gov 
there is a separation in his water Tho' his fever which 
is nervous and of the malemory [?] kind has never in- 
termitted, The returns to all messages has been, that he 
is much better, he is only Seen by the most intimate. 
His suspending M"" Vandam created a most terrible out 
ciy but they are much cooler M"" Gatehouse will tell you 
of a most dreadful breach between M" Cosby M' Free- 
mans family & M"" Clarks M" Hide held forth half an 
Hour upon the subject at my House the other night to 
M" Alexander M" Tallard and Her daughter, my wife is 
so much better that I will endeavour to perswade Her to 
amuse M" Golden with an Acct of it. M' Dunbars Bills 
are all protested, M^ Harrison has wrote to nobody, Her 
Head has been shaved and a Bhster put upon it. It is 
Susposed D'' John Stone is to be married this night. Thus 
D' Doctor my Bridget is out, once more Give us leave to 
wish you all a merry Christmas & many Happy years being 
with much Sincerity 

Your very Huble Serv* 

Arch*^ Kennedy. 
I have a mind to purchase M" Bretts 
House doe me the favour to talk to M' 
Wildeman & Her upon the Subject. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York January y« IQ*^ 1735/6. 
Dear Sir, 

Yours of the 28*^ past came to my hands this morning; 
I could have wish'd you had enlarg'd a Uttle in answer 

144 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

to my last according to your Design, because of the Op- 
portunity of Conveying it by a Safe hand. The Gov 
stil continues in a dangerous & almost Desperate Con- 
dition: D' Standard (whom the Gov' has Surnam'd 
Stand-Buff by Reason of his plain & free Speaking) it is 
said, has little hopes of him, being of Opinion that his 
Lungs are ulcerated, as to w^"^ he long Since has Declared 
his apprehentions ; the other two Doct" Seem to express 
their Opinions, that he will Recover: But this is agreed 
on all hands, that every two or three days he has Returns 
of Coughfing fits, by w'^'* he discharges a great deal of 
Stuff, some people call Fleam, other matter, w^ has a bad 
Smell, & his fitts of this kind often throw him into Diliri- 
ums, in w"*^ it is said he has sometimes talkt most Sensibly 
w*^ tho a Seeming paradox is capable of Explanation from 
being a Contradiction for it is whisper'd that he upbraided 
Madams Conduct in Such Lively Colours, that She fell in 
a Swoon : In Short I saw her a few days ago & She Seems 
to give so much Credit to D"" Standbuffs Opinion that She 
talkt in a manner despairing of his Recovery So much 
for this particular The Consequences whereof are of great 
Expectation: I find the new president pays great defer- 
ence to the last mentioned D" Judgm* & is not unwilling 
to beheve him prophetical. 

As to the pacquet, it has been sometime Since open'd 
& brought forth a letter from the Board of Trade, It was 
Suppos'd The Governess had peep'd into it, long before 
She own'd it to have been opened before The Gov for it 
was Sometime before Reported from her (as Suppos'd) 
That V. Dam & Alexander were out of the Council, And 
that The Mandamus's for Swearing in Moor & Richard 
were in the pacquet: But the Burthen of the pacquet 
appear'd to be a Letter from three L<^« of Trades (viz) 
L^ FitzWaller, T Pelham & H. Plummer, to the Gov 
Intimating, That they had Recomended the above to be 
Displac'd from the Council & the others in their Room. 
So that the Kings Letters for that purpose Remain Stil 
in Expectancy: This the Novices in polUticks took to be 
The unum necessarium, w"** they were afterwards un- 
deceiv'd in. However this was Shown about to a great 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 145 

many & amongst the rest I happen'd of a Sight of it, & it 
has something of the Chancery upholding the Jurisdiction 
as formerly & approving The Conduct in not Suffering The 
Exceptions to be argued in The Oblong Affair; w"'' Since 
I have mentioned I may Observe to y° Remains at present 
in Suspence for want of Cash. 

Thus I was willing to make use of The Opportunity 
you advertis'd me of & I shall Deliver this to Gatehouse 
for that purpose, & wish it Safe in your hands as any 
thing extraordinary falls out I shall let you know by the 
next Opportunity I may do with Security Who am 
Dear Sir 
Your most Affectionate hble Serv* 

Dan Horsmanden. 

My humble Service to all the Family 
& Neighbourhood & tell the Coll" I 
expect to see him once more at N. Y. 
with a pleasant Countenance. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

at Coldengham in the County of Ulster. 

From Archibald Kennedy. 

Jan: IT*"* 1735/6. 
Dear Sir 

We acknowledge the favour of yours by M' Gatehouse 
and have verey litle to add, of news to the papers, M' 
Bradford has Blundered out, I realy believe a peice of 
truth in Relation to the Govr Tho' one wou'd think from 
appearances it was otherwise they seem cheerfull about 
the Fort, and they all dance as usuall, M" Cosby ex- 
cepted. If M'' Henderson writes as he told me he would 
you will know the truth If it is true that M' Clark has 
sent in his Ace* viz £ 1000 for fees you may Guess at the 
rest It is certain the Ladys declare openly of the Side of 

146 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

the Black Horse where there is to be a Grand Supper next 
Monday being the princes Birthday according to M' 
Bradfords Ace* in opposition to which there is to be an 
other at Tods on Tuesday being the princes Birthday 
according the EngUsh Ace* They are happy that have 
the least to doe on either side, My wife seems to be a 
good deal better and I hope will be more & more so as the 
Sun approches, She has not made use of y' medicine being 
unwilling to change her appothecary Tho' there is still 
some yellow specks about her eyes But as we doe not 
know how soon you may be down She proposes to take 
nothing but old weomens Reciepes till that time There 
are a pritty many vessells fitting out with provisions for 
the fleet at Lisbon among others Ja: Graham, M' Walters 
made a good Hand of His Bread but His wheat was bad. 
My wife says She'l write by the next opportunity how- 
ever that her best wishes will ever attend you as well as 
those of D' Doctor 

Your faithful 

Humble Servant 
Arch'd Kennedy. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esqr 

From William Douglass. 

Boston 17*'' Feb' 1735/6. 
D' S' 

Your country retreat has for some time deprived me 
of the happiness of your correspondence. Lest perad- 
venture you may be now in Town I could not omit this 
opportunity of saluting you ^' the hands of my good 
friend D' Clark in his way to Philadelphia. You may re- 
member that some years ago you proposed the forming a 
sort of Virtuso Society or rather correspondence : We have 
lately in Boston form'd a Medical Society of which this 
Gentleman a Member thereof can give you a particular 
account. We design from time to time to pubhsh some 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 147 

short pieces; there is now ready for the Press N° 1 with 
this Title page. 

N*' 1 

Medical Memoirs 


1. A Miscellany Practical Introduction 

2. A History of the Dysentry Epidemical in Boston 

ct. 1734 

3. Some accounts of a Gutta Serena in a Young 


4. The Anatomical inspection of a Spina Ventosa 

in the Vertebrae of the Loins in a young man 

5. Some Practical comments or remarks on the 

writtings of D' Thomas Syderham 

Published by a Medical Society in Boston N. Engl^ 

when published I'll take care to transmit you a Copy 
if you transmit to us any thing servicable in our Design 
we shall esteem it a great favour. My humble service 
to M' Kennedy & family I am 

Your most humble Serv* 

WiL. Douglass. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

in New York 

From Charles Williams. 

New York Feb' 27*^ 1735/6. 

As we believe y« warrants of Survey for some lands 
at Schorie in y^ names of W"" Cosby Jun' Henry Cosby Jn"*. 
Felton & others & another tract at Canajorie in Capt 
Dick Jn°. Lindesey &c. are in your hands & as M' Clarke 
will be so good to inform you particulary the Necessity 
there is (in case of y^ Gov" Death) for y« Return of w* 
warrants you have for y* Good of His Familly I dont in 

148 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

the least doubt of your ready complyance and it will be a 
particular favour done to M" Cosby & y« Family w"^ 
otherwise Contrary to His Excellancys will (if we have 
not y« Patents made out before he should dye) go to his 
Eldest son so y* y^ rest of the Familly will be sufferers 
by it therefore must once more intreat you to make w* 
Expedition you can that y^ man may come back soon. 

Last night the Docters apply'd a costick to y® swelling 
under the Gov" breast & after Launcing it Some matter 
appeared but when w*^ scissors they made y^ orifice larger 
there was a discharge of at least a pint & a half of matter 
and continued discharging greatly all night & this morning 
and y« Gov' much Easier & a vissible alteration for y 
better so y* its believed he will do well but as this is an 
affair of concern to His Familly it was thought proper 
not to Neglect it 

I am Sir 
Your most obliged hum'''« Serv* 

Cha" Williams. 

To Cadwalladeb Golden Esq' 

From James Alexander. 

New York Apr 30 1736. 

Yesterday this City Express'd a great deal of joy on 
occasion of the Declaration inclosed, & the Glorious 9 
was I Doubt not often drunk in a Bumper, the persons 
who composed the 9 I have numbered, other three hesi- 
tated, one of them Hutchinson, actually followed the nine 
& went with them tho he did not Speak out in the house, 
Merrill its Said Spoke privatly that he thought it not 
Safe to Act Rutgers Said nothing for nor agt in the 
house, but afterwards upon the Docks I am told he 
pubUckly declared his Sentiments that it was Van Dams 
right to be president which was going further than the 
Declaration — In the afternoon M' Clark I hear pubHshed 
another adjournment of the assembly till Tuesday next 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 149 

what effect that will have we can't tell but think it im- 
probable that he can then make a house because we hear 
that Piatt, Lott, Lecount, Phill: Schuyler, & Vancleek, 
are all of the Sentiments not to act & as Coll Morris is 
absent there can remain but 12 more who cant make a 
house there being 13 & the Speaker necessary to make 
a house 

I am 

Your humble Servant 

Ja. Alexander. 


To Cadwallader Golden, Esq' 

att Coldingham 

From George Clarke. 

New York May the 10**' 1736. 


Inclosed I Send you a copy of M' Storke and M' 
Peter Van Brugh Livingston's Address to the Lords of 
Trade on their petition to his Majesty for a Grant of 
Lands in the Mohauks Country, whereon I was comanded 
to Send to their Ldps my opinion and observations at 
large concerning the petition, particularly whether some 
part of the Lands be not allready granted to some other 
persons, whether the Mohock Indians be not Setled on 
part thereof, and whether the Mohawk Flatts Surrendered 
by the Mohocks in Trust for themselves be not contained 
in that Tract petitioned for to enable me to give their 
Lordships The satisfaction they expect from me, I desire 
you will look back on the Surveys and returns of Lands 
granted in the Mohawks Country, and on camparing them 
with the Description of the Land petitioned for in the 
Inclosed, That You will inform me, whether any part and 
how much of these Lands have been allready Granted to 
any other person and to whom Whether any of the 
Mohawks are allready Settled on any part of it, and 
whether the Mohawk Flatts or any part of them be com- 
prehended in the Tract petitioned for 

150 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

For my own part I can not make out the Tract 
petitioned for, to be a Tract of about Six Miles Square, as 
It's called in the Letter which inclosed the petition. I 
rather think there is an Omission of a hne, And that as it 
is described in the inclosed, It is difficult (to me at least 
it is) to guess how much Land there maybe within these 
hues, I don't know what to make of THE SAID NORTH- 
MOST SPRING, nor of what follows, AND FROM 
CREEK AFORESAID If you do. Be pleased to explain 
it to me 

If this practice of granting Lands at home prevailes. 
It will deprive us in a great measure of the meanes to 
Subsist our familys, and make our Officers of litle valine, 
It will Chargrin the Indians to See their Lands granted 
before they are purchased and discourage people from 
applying for Grants here, least in the meantime they 
Should be granted at home, And I think it highly nec- 
essary for you, the Attorney Generall and M' Morris in 
behalf of my Office to make Some representation on it 
but this I leave to your consideration 

Is not this the same Tract that ColUns is now going 
to lay out and divide in two thousand acre lotts, if it be 
CoUins may go on to finish it and make his return out 
of hand, for I am perswaded when their Lords know that 
it has been purchased before Storkes petition was pre- 
sented and that all the regular Steps have been taken 
here in order to obtain a Grant and that at a great Ex- 
pence, they will make a favourable Representation of it 
to his Majesty, and if a petition be Sent to their Ldps by 
the persons for whom Collins is now laying out the Land, 
It may have a GOOD EFFECT, if You approve of it, 
Be pleased to Send me all the names as they Stand in 
The Warrant of Sm-vey 

You will be pleased likewise to See whether the Lands 
granted to Butler Miln Scott & WiUiams be not part of the 
Lands petitioned for by Stork & Livingston and be as 
particular as you can that I may give the Lords of Trade 
a full Information 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 151 

I for my part think, there can be No Lands ungranted 
on the Mohocks river, to the Eastward of Canada Creek 
to which CoUins adjoyns: there must be another Canada 
Creek higher up in the Mohocks Country, or I can't 
understand Glen's purchase of the Lands that ColUns is 
now to Survey for us. The Description of it in the Indian 
Deed being thus viz A TRACT OF LAND lyemg and 
being on the North Side of the Maquase river about forty 
eight miles above Schenectady begining below the falls 
at the comon Landing and So up along the River to the 
Kennedy Kill and from thence Northwest into the woods 
thirty miles, and from thence to the head of the afore- 
said Kill or Creek, and from thence East twelve Miles 
and from thence in a direct line to the place where it 

The Canada Creek upon which CoUins adjoins and 
Stork mentions, must be below the falls, but of this you 
are a better Judge, and from You I hope to be fully in- 
formed; If Stork's petition cannot reach Glen's purchase, 
I may very well Grant that Tract to Glen &c but if it does 
interfere with it, I cannot grant it 'till the Eangs pleasure 
be known 

I am 
Sir your most 

humble servant 

Geo. Clark. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esqr 
Surveyor General of the province of New York. 

From Daniel Horsmanden 

New York July the 23<^ 1736. 
Dear Sir, 

I receiv'd your kind Letter by your Son & am ex- 
ceedingly Obliged for your friendly offer of Assistance 
in the Disposing of the Land, I should no Doubt be glad 
to get Chaps for it, at any Reasonable Rate: M' Butler 
was talking to me about it & offered to do me all the 

152 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Service in his power, towards getting purchasors, & says 
further That he knows several people that are desirous of 
Bjdng part of those Lands, & That he doubts not but he 
shall be able to get 50 or 60 pounds ^c* for them That he 
thinks 'twil be proper to Divide the Land into 150* Lotts 
& most likely to sell to advantage by that Method, The 
people he has in View desiring Such Quantitys & able to 
pay ready money for them: I readily accepted his Service 
and if to him you will join Your Assistance when up in 
those parts it will much add to The ObUgations I am al- 
ready under to you, and shall always be acknowledged. 
But you must hkewise Excuse me asking this particular 
favour of w"'^ I apprehend may be of Great use to me: 
That you will be so good, at your Leisure (If you shall 
have any before you set out on your progress) and if you 
have Draught of the 8000" of w^ mine is part, To Divide 
my 2000* into 13 parts upon a paper (viz*) 12 shares of 150* 
each and one of 200* w*** 200* I sho<^ be desirous of having 
Laid out about the middle where the Stream devides. 
And that is what I should propose to keep (if any part of 
it) And so to Number each Lot & give them their particu- 
lar Boundarys upon each other. This is what I imagine 
may be done upon the Draught, as well as the Setting out 
to each person his 2000* as in The Certificate, But at the 
Same time I own it Requires a very great Appology, for 
requesting you to Enter upon so Troublesome a Jobb, 
But I flatter myself from the instances of your Friendship 
& Good IncUnations toward me from the first of Our 
acquaintance That I may be excused in your Opinion 
especially when you Consider, that it will be so great a 
Service that you do me. 

Captain Warren has made a very Great purchase of M" 
Cosby at Boston 13000* of The Gov" Land at Troken- 
onder Hill for 110 £ How she became so Infatuated I 
know not, Sure it could be so Trifling a Sum ready money 
That Bewitchd her but so it is Which being done I Suppose 
The Capt° will have no thoughts at present abo* getting 
any other Tract, & I understood as much from The Chief 
Justice the other day talking upon This Subject. 

Therefore if you are perswaded That The Residue of 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 153 

the Indian purchase at Connajohaire is good Land I 
should be glad if I co'^ have a good Slice of it with yourself 
& other friends. For as Lands are at present the best View 
I have of making money I would willingly make the 
proper use of the Presidents friendship who is well Dis- 
posed to doe me any Service in his power: For when a 
New Gov comes such favours may be rated at too high a 

M" Cosby reced English Lres at Boston whereby we 
understand That Morris is out of all hopes as to his SoUici- 
tations That those Great men who were his patrons before 
are now Convinced That his Complaints proceeded Rather 
from Spleen & Malice than any thing else This is all the 
News that occurs when any thing further happens you 
may be Sure of hearing from me who am 
Yo' most Assured & affectionate 
friend & humble Servant 

Dan Horsmanden. 
My humble Service to M" Colden 
Miss & all the family. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esqr 


From Edward Collins. 

Enclosed you have a Copy of Hoseck draught as you 
desire It belongs to John Van Ness of whome I have bor- 
rowed it to Send down this I must Observe to you that 
the Hoseck Patent Says they have the Land two miles 
on Each Side of the Creek, Our Land Lyes all to the 
Westward of that Patent and you See by this draught 
that Wallumscake Creek is on the East Side of this Creek, 
youll also observe y* where the Patroons Line Crosses 
this Patent it is 16 miles and a half distant from Albany 
river; and the place where the Patroons Line Crosses a 

154 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Certain riverlet Called Tomhenack is the upper bounds 
of the return I made to you for John Schuyler and Bratt 
which Joyns uppon the Patent of Myndert Schuyler or Jo. 
Depeyster on the Same Creek of Tomhenach, I think this 
is Satisfaction Enough for the Chief Justice y* this 
Patent does take none of his Land or Wallumscake Hoseck 
Patent Lying between us & them, Glen & Butler Say I 
must stay till they Come back from New York before 
they Can Survey their Lands. All that I can Say It shall 
be ready whenever they ask, I had Some thought of Alter- 
ing Kelly returnes but having Since Spoke With Kellee 
and Seeing he is Settled, already on Some of the Lands. 
I thought to have Left out, I Cannot Answer the Doing 
of It however I shall keep my bargain With M' Sandy if 
he Lykes it to whome pray give my Service As also to all 
y family. I shall remember Every thing you told me at 
the falls. I am S' With all respect 
Excuse haste 

y most hum Ser. to Comand 

Ed. Collins. 
Albany Oct' [?] y« 7'^ 1736 


Sir. pleas to send the Draught back 

as soon as you have done. E. C. 

From Johannis R. Bleecker. 

Honoured S' 

Hier with a Coppie of my field Boock and the Draught 
of the Land Surveyed By your order, the Indians were 
nott wilUng at first to go with us so that I went up to the 
Castle and Gott them to go along with Us, it has Nott 
Been in my Power To Runn the Lines a Cross the Land 
the Chain bearers Being UnwilUngly to Serve me any 
Longer By Reason of the Badd Weather haveing Con- 
tinually Rain and Being of a Saturday Against the Sab- 
bathday the Land is Most Part Very good By My one 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 155 

observation and By the Report of others I am with due 

Your most humble Serv* 
Albany Johannis R Bleecker. 

12 Octo''' 1736 

I Send this By 
Jacob ten Eyck. 

From Charles Clinton. 

I Have Been this Last Week upon the Survey you 
ordered me to perform, There is a Tract of Ab* Six or 
Seven hundred Acres upon Shangunk River Through 
which I have Run Several travers Lines in Order to view 
it, I find ther is About 40 or 50" or may be more of Low 
Land in it Exceeding well Timber'd with very Great 
whilewood Beech maple &c it Lies on both Sides of the 
River in three or four pieces; The Rest of the tract is for 
the most part a very Dry Swamp or Else a flat Dry Ridge 
Resembleing Swamp full of timber Some Spotts Stoney 
but the Greatest part Good plow Land & not Stoney 

I have Run Several Lines Through all the Rest of that 
vacancy, I find the Best part of it Lies on y« Side Joyning 
the 8000" where the Remainder maybe found of verry well 
timber'd Good Land, but not so free of Stones as I could 
wish it, tho for that matter (I think) it is no worse than the 
Greatest part of the Country, & None of it Near So bad 
as our part of the Country in this Neighbourhood, I In- 
tend to Survey the piece that Lies west of Israel Rogers 
& see what can be had there When the Survey is finish'd 
please to Let me Know Whether it is best to Send it to 
you or Defer it till your Return. Samuel Sampson ab.[?] 
Strong is Gone with M' Stringham to York, if he were at 
home perhaps he Could Direct me where to find Some 
Good Spott on that Side of the River Such as he found 
for m' Stringham — 

S"^ If you Expect to Return to the Country Soon I 
would be Willing to Defer makeing up the Survey till 

156 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

you are pleas'd to Give your advice about it I shall be 
willing to Spend time and take all necessary pains to 
make the best choice 

I am 

Your very Humble Ser* 

Char Clinton. 
S**' the 17*»' 1736 

From Edward Collins. 

Canajoharie y« 17*'' 0' 1736. 
D' S' 

Waganer Comes here to me and desires the favour of 
You in behalf of Himself and y« rest Concerned in his 
purchase, that you would not returne the Survey As 
made by my Brother John Bleeker for that the One half 
and more of the best Land in his purchase is not yet 
Surveyed, And that the Indians here Since Said Survey so 
made, have Consented that the remainder Shall also be 
Surveyed, which I have Undertaken to do for him out of 
hand And Seeing my brother John has not Crossed what 
he did Survey in Any place he also beggs of You not to 
make any division of Said Tract. I am S' with all due 
respect your Sincere friend and most humbl Servt 

Ed Collins. 
P. S. pray when you write to me 
here Lett me have a Little hint how 
matters go on at present at New York, 
No I pressed uppon Buttler before he 
Went Down to finish his Survey At 
Schohare but he told me as Soon as He 
came back. What he means I Cannot 
tell I Suppose he is gon Down About 
an other South Sea stock, pray forward 
our patent With Kettell I shall pay 
you my fees — 

Waganaer has Wrote a Letter to 
John Groesbeek to the Same purpose 
who I Suppose Will Speak to you — 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 157 

From Edward Collins. 
[Not Dated] 

High Lands tuesday Night. 
D' S' 

I have here the Minutes of the Councill upon Our 
Proposalls and is Very Will Liked so Pleas to Send me 
your Warrant and directions this Winter by the post So 
that I may be able to proceed on my Voyage in the Spring. 
I do not doubt but It Will Answer my Intents Very Well 
and the Assembly perhaps Will be more generous than 
We think I Shall be Very Exact in Every Individual! 
thing and Shall practice the Quadrant before I go pray 
S"" Lett me hear from you by y« first post. My Brother 
Phill is now Settled at the High Lands at Cortland s point 
came down about 10 Days ago So that if you have Any 
Warrantt Comes to hand for Our Parts hope youll Re- 
memb' me and depend upon It You Shall Always find 
me Very Punctuall in readily paying You Your Due, I 
desire You Would Send me a Copy of Your Instructions 
Relating to the Ensueing Head (Viz) if the Lenght be an 
EngUsh mile along the River Side then how deep in the 
Woods and So in proportion, if there be any Such In- 
struction I need Say no More On this head you Know 
what Instructions are Requisite for me This S' is With 
my hearty Love and Respects to all your good family and 

Your Very humble 
Sert: to Comand 
Ed Collins. 

I am in great Haste and It is a fresh gale so hope You'll 
Excuse my bad writeing which I am obliged to do by 
fire Light. 


To Cadwalader Golden Esq'^ 
at his house. 


158 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

To the Honourable George Clarke 
Esqr Lieutenant Governor of the Prov- 
ince of New York &c. 

The Memorial of Cadwallader Golden Esqr 
Surveyor General of Land of the s'^ Province 

Humbly Sheweth 

That your Mem«* in the execution of his office did in 
the months of August & Sept' last repair to the Mohawks 
Country in order to Survey several large Tracts of Land 
within the Bounds of larger Tracts said to be purchased 
of the Mohawk Indians by several of the Inhabitants of the 
County of Albany in pursuance of Licences granted them 
for that purpose That when your Mem** went to the s*^ 
lands the Indians would not suffer your Mem"* to Survey 
the same alledging in some cases that they had not sold 
the quantity of land discrib'd in the Deeds of Purchase 
from them but a vastly smaller quantity according to 
other Boundaries describ'd to your Mem"* by s"^ Indians 
in other cases that they had only sold 3 or 4 farms to be 
taken at the Election of the Purchasers within the 
Bounds describ'd in the Deeds of Purchase That your 
Mem"* has been inform'd that the Gov & Council granted 
those Licences of Purchasing & afterwards consented to 
the granting a certain quantity of the Lands so purchased 
to the person's who had purchased the same in considera- 
tion of their having purchased a much greater quantity 
of Land for the Benefite of the Crown & in order to facili- 
tate the Improvem* & Settlem* of the Country. Your 
Mem"* begs leave further to observe that the Deeds thus 
obtain'd from the Indians are in the EngUsh Language 
& your Mem"* has been inform'd that the Indians have 
been perswaded to sign these Deeds without having them 
interpreted by persons sufficiently Skill'd in the Enghsh 
& Indian languages & without being sworn to interpret 
truely And likewise that the Boundaries of the Lands said 
to be so purchased are in several cases expressed by points 
or Degrees of the Compass & by EngUsh Measures which 
are absolutely unknown to the Indians. These Con- 
siderations made your Mem"* give Credit to the Complts 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 159 

the Indians made to him whilst he was among them of 
their being cheated or deceiv'd in several pretended pur- 
chases made of their lands & as your Mem"* found them in 
some cases highly exasperated he in order to quiet their 
minds for the present promis'd to inform your Hon' of 
their Complaints Your Mem"* conceives from what has 
happen'd to the Eastward of Boston by such Disputes 
with the Indians that the Quieting the Indians minds by 
doing them Justice may be of the greatest Consequence 
not only in SettUng & improving the Lands in that part 
of the Country but likewise in preserving the Peace of 
this Province & securing it from Invasions & incursion of 
other Indian Nations your Mem"* therefore begs leave 
humbly to propose in order to prevent Such Impositions 
or Deceits on the Indians for the future That all lands to 
be purchased of the Indians be surveyed in their presence 
before any Deed for the same he sign'd That some proper 
person be directed to examine the Deed that it be con- 
formable to the S** Survey & to see the Consideration 
mentioned in the Deed fairly paid & that the Deed be 
truely & fully explain'd to the Indians before the same be 
exectued your Mem"* begs leave 

In the last place to observe that he has been likewise 
informed that many inconveniences & delays happen on 
the purchasing of Lands in the usual method of granting 
Licences to private persons & of late by a kind of jobbing 
or selUng of shares by the Opposition they often make to 
each other that whereby the price of Lands is very much 
enhanced and many inconveniences happen which ob- 
struct the speedy settlement of that part of the Country 
which Inconveniences your memoralist conceives may be 
avoided for the future by recalUng the Licences aUready 
issued & by intrusting the purchasors of Lands from the 
Indians with one particular person & The purchase how- 
ever your Mem"* conceives may still be made at private 
charge & for the Benefite of any person who shall think 
proper to advance the purchase Money on the Faith 
of the Government to have some certain quantity or 
proportion of the land granted to him & to remove all 
mistrust of the Person who shall be appointed the per- 

160 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

son who advances the money or some other person at 
his appointment be permitted to be present to see the 
Bargain made with the Indians according to his liking & 
the purchase money bonafide paid all which is hmnbly 
submitted by S' 

your Honours 
most Obedient & most humble Serv* 
New York Cadwallader Golden. 
Nov S^ 1736 

From John Alsop. 

The Unhappy Misunderstanding that has been be- 
tween us is the Occasion of my present writing, lest by 
waiting on you in person Should not Only be Disagreeable, 
but render My Journey fruitless, as for my part as farr as 
Shall here after be in the power of My Small Capacity, 
Will demonstrate an innocent and reconciled behaviour 
(Altho I know the Contrary would Uttle affect you) and on 
account of the following Subject I hope You will pardon 
My freedome, A few Days past I received a letter from 
John Sacket of Dover in Duches County, An Abstract 
is as follows viz : 

in October I was with his Hon' M' Clarke concerning 
Some land in Duches County, by Some believed to be 
Vacant, and Showed his Hon' a Draught that I had of your 
Making which after he had perussed Directed me to write 
to you to Acquaint Doctor Colden thereof and if you 
Could Demonstrate the affair Clear to him and upon his 
moveing I would Do what was proper) this being the 
Substance S' if you Shall think the trouble not too Great 
to hear what I have to offer, and will Signifie your likeing 
to it, I will wait upon You as You shall Appoint. I am 
S' With Due Respect 

Your Most Humble 
Dec 12*^ 1736 Jn" Alsop. 


To Cadwallader Colden Esq' 
one of hia Majesties Councill for the 
Province of New York at Coldengham, 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 161 

From Frederick Morris. 

Decemb' the 10*'» 1736. 


I now send by M' Haywood four Certificates one for 
M' Noxon one for M' Sackett, one for y« Chief Jus- 
tice & Comss" & y° other for M' Heath & one & two 
Warrants of Survey, One for Cap"^ Cosby and M' Clinton 
and y« other for the Chief Justice, as to y" Return for M' 
Heath I wo'd now had time permitted have sent a 
Draught of a Deed of partition but M' Clinton told me 
he beUeved when the patent was past wo'd Suite as well 
he intimated to me Something of a Declaration of Trust 
farther than what was allready done: that or anything 
else You Shall please to require shall be punctually done 
But as you have been pleased to tell me that the Letter 
M' Heath and, I had the Honor of writing to y™ was a 
Suffic* Deed till the patent past I beUeved there wo'd be no 
Immediate Necessity of Sending y« Draught now but 
shall send it by the Next opportunity M"^ Sackett with 
whom M' Clinton left our return pritty much Scrupled 
delivering it without an order in writing from you M' 
Clinton thought at First that he had lost it tho upon find- 
ing it he was pleased to leave it with M"" Sackett 

Nothing would be more gratfuU to me if I may have 
the hberty of So Saying, than the pleasure of bearing 
your service or Commands Being with the highest respect 
S' Y' 

most obed* humble 
Fred''. Morris. 

From George Clarke. 

I have the favour of your letter of the 29*^ of Nov 
by Mr Haywood, who seems to be pretty well acquainted 
with the places that he thinks will ascertain the bounds of 
Evans's grant and to Incourage him to go on w*^ his In- 

162 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

quiry and discovery I have promised him the Reward 
you mention with which he seemed well pleased: Blagg 
came w*^ him who was about to make some overtures as I 
apprehended on the facts of Haywoods discoveries, but 
I stopt him by telling him that you having wrote to me 
about those Lands, I could say nothing to him: Before 
Haywood came to me Noxon was with me telling me 
that there was a friend of his in Town who had made 
some discoveries wherein the North west line might w*"* 
certainty be finished and proposed a Grant for himself 
his friend and me I excused myself from being concerned 
w*^ him and told him who ever expected a Grant must 
be at the Charge of finishing that Une, this he said he 
and his friends would do, whom I then and not before 
understood to be this Haywood, who he told me had a 
letter from you to me. What use he will make of that dis- 
course I can't tell its probable he may think it a promise, 
and if he and some others will be at the charge of ascer- 
taining Evans's bounds it may not be amiss to let them 
have a reasonable Tract, but of this I shall have an op- 
pertunity of speaking with you or of hearing from you 
before anything be done; If there be no need of running 
that N West line further he can have no Colour to ask 
for a Grant from what I have said to him: Had Hay- 
wood been w*^ me first I could have stopt his mouth as I 
did Blaggs, but it maybe Noxon concerted with Hay- 
wood who is the bearer of this and of the Lycense to pur- 
chase wherein I wish you Success: Two Germans who 
lived on your Lot at Caters Kill are in Town, to petition 
for a Tract near it. 

James Stringham has brought me your letter, and 
petition of the people for Manuells[?] Grant, Stringham 
has promised to find M' Nicolls a Tract of more value I 
promised to Grant it to him and hope when I see him to 
make the thing easy that Manuells[?] grant may pass with- 
out diflSculty and I choose as farr as I can to give every one 

Stringham has brought Hajrwood to me offering to 
bear part of the charge of finishing the Northwest line 
if he might have a Grant of part of those lands which 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 163 

they both say are very good: But I don't see what 
Evan's first purchase has to do with that hne, for wher- 
ever it happens to touch any hne of the first purchase I 
think it must stop: And what we have to do is to ascer- 
tain by proof an oath (which I hope you will take when 
Haywood brings the men to you) the partition hne or 
places between the Claims of the Sopus and Minisinck 
Indians, which Haywood says is a West hne; or more 
properly we are to ascertain the bounds of Evans's first 
tract (for I don't find that the Indians from whom the 
Minisinck pateentees purchased are called the Minisinck 
Indians as Haywood imagined and I have now read over 
those Indians Deeds) and in ascertaining those bounds I 
doubt you will meet w**' Some difficulties. Evans's first 
tract runs from the Dance Chamber westward to pitkis- 
kaker thence southerly along the stream to a pond in- 
cluding the lands at Chawangen [Shawangunk] poconisink 
[Peconasink] Gettalawagh [Gillatawagh] &c the difficulties 
that appear to me thereon are those first to fix what course 
that westward is from the Dance Chamber and then to 
ascertain the extent of those lands at poconisink [Pecona- 
sink] Gettalawagh [Gillatawagh] &c it appears very clear 
to me that wherever Minisink patent touches Evans's it 
must from thence run round his south and west bounds to 
go to the Hunting house where it begun which Haywood 
tells me lyes to the Westward of the hills called pitkis- 
kaker: Haywood supposes that the Minisink patent 
touches Evans's at the Wall Kill where your N west hne 
Crosses that Creek, and where it likewise cuts the west line 
from Murderers Kill, but then I think it must be proved 
that all the lands to the Northward of that West line and 
between the Wall Kill, poconisink [Peconasink] &c which 
are different names in different places for the same River, 
are comprehended in Evans's first Tract and that can be 
as I take it no otherwise than by proving that the Gen" 
words comprehending all the Lands of poconisink [Pecona- 
sink] &c do include all to the Wall Kill for I suppose a line 
westward from the Dance Chamber will not go so farr 
southward as to touch y« N West line at or ab* the Wall 
Kill I am sensible I write confusedly of this affair besides 

164 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Haywood waits that I can't explain my meaning better; 
be so good as to excuse me who am 

S' y most ob* humble Serv* 

Geo. Clarke. 
Dec 10*'' 1736 


To the Hon'''9 Cadwallader Golden Eaqr 

Survey' Gen" 

From Daniel Horsmanden. 

New York Decemb' 22 * 1736. 
Dear Sir, 

I have the favour of yours by Coll" Mathews, & wish 
I had any thing to entertain you with in Return: Every 
thing is very Quiet at present & 'tis so dead a time of 
year as you know, that Since poHtical Disputes are 
Susided, your expectation of News cannot be very great: 
His Honor has had a Congratulatory address from the 
Officers Civil & millitary as in Queens County wherein 
they have had the Ingenuity to acknowledge that Some 
of them had unwarily been misled by some artfuU & 
factious Spirits or to that purpose w=^ you will See in 
Bradford: I hope this pattern will be foUow'd by other 
Countys. Zenger is perfectly Silent as to polliticks his 
Correspond*^ I beheve heartily Crop Sick, and Old Morris 
retired to Hell Gate to eat his own Sapan & Milk, & 
says the Devil may take 'em all; But if his natural dis- 
position will let him be at rest, I'm mistaken in the Man. 

Im very much Obhged by the Map & your Sons Ob- 
servations upon the Survey 'tis not in my power to 
gratify him as to such Books as he seem'd to desire if it 
had I sho*^ have chosen that Method rather than ready 
money w'^ is a rare Commodity at least with me: I sho<* 
be glad to Oblige him or any of yours in any thing in my 
power at any time. 

As to any thing you can Serve me in Abo* Lands, I 
must rely entirely upon your friendship & Generosity, 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 165 

it is not in my way to find out Such Land as will answer 
my present purpose to get a Grant of If you can Serve 
me in that respect in the Spring, you'l lay a very great 
obligation upon me w^ I shall do my utmost endeavours 
at all times to retaliate being 
Your most obliged & affectionate 
friend & Servant 

Dan Horsmanden. 

My humble Service to all the fam- 
ily with the Complim*" of the Season 
I wish I could come & have a hearty 
Laugh with y° at the Coll°'» Returne. 


To the Hon'''* Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

at Goldingham 

From William Sharpas, 

M' Mathews gave me your Obliging letter of the 
15*^ Instant with the News papers and am glad they 
afforded you some Amusement my daughter is infinely 
obUge to you for your kind Remembrance of her and if 
it falls in your way to Recommend her to any thing that 
may answer her purpose tho' not Speedily, she shall 
allways acknowledge the favour & hopes it will be such 
as is clear from all Claim & Contention, to which she has 
the greatest aversion or to be Concern'd with Partners 
which often prove troublesome, & tho' she has not hitherto 
made any application above yet she hopes when you 
think it proper for her so to do, she may not be defeated, 
her Request is intirely left to your goodness 

The day before M' Mathews came hither I sent you 
what News we have by M' Gatehouse Since which 
Nothing has Occur'd worth Your Notice. Ratsey from 
Jamaica & Hinson from Curacoa are Since Arrived but 

166 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

nothing Remarkable. We Expect the Posts to Morrow 
but little hopes of News by them. 

My Gierke is indisposed and has not been at the 
Office Since Saturday last, the weather extream Cold 
or some pubUck business has hapned which has put me 
under some uneasiness & difficulties to perform, by reason 
of the Intense Cold. God be thanked we are very quiet 
and Easy here, and am perswaded it is the Governours 
principal Study to make us so, and to render himself 
Agreeable to the People in General to bury all Resent- 
ment &c you know Sir his Talents and great abilities to 
perform his Intentions 

M' Dunning has his Commission for Sheriff of Orange 
County and I hope both he and M' Mathews will use 
their utmost Endeavours to Reconcile their Contending 
Neighbours & lett party heats no longer prevail among 

Mine with my Daughter & M" Roberts due Regards 
to M" Golden, Miss Golden and all the children wishing 
you and them all hapiness and prosperity and a Merry 
Christmass & plentifull New Year which Concludes me 
with great Regard 

Your Most Obhged 

Humble Servant 
Will Shakpas. 

M' John Drummond Sheriff of Am- 
boy died lately of the Stone 
New York December 
y« 24*1^ 1736 

I think I wrote to you by John Haywood, but am not 
sure. Neither do I remember the Subject my Memory is 
so impaired & my senses froze up with this Severe Cold 
which is very grievious to me. I pray your pardon for 
the Defects hereof. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esqr 
Surveyor Generall of the Province 
of New York at Goldenham 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 167 

From George Clarke. 

N York Dec^ 24'^^ 1736. 

I have the favour of y" of the IS''* instant by Coll 
Mathews who Need not have taken this journey upon 
Dunnings acco* to whom I should have given that cannon 
an I or Coll Mathews's letter when the time I gave Coll 
Herring expired as it now is, I make no doubt of his 
behaving in his office as he ought and shall be pleased to 
find every officer of my appointment do the like. I 
Readily aggree to what those two Germans propose 
for their grant, and shall be willing enough to lump it 
w*^ others of small tracts when they propose it I have had 
no council since they left the town M' Kennedy and M' 
Van Horn having been out of Town: You may be sure 
M' Elhson and every one of y recommendations will 
find incouragement when they apply to me. 

I am obliged to you Sir for your information of the 
Tracts at Susquehanna Burdet[?] was going for Bristol! 
the day after I reced it, and by him I have wrote about it 
what will be thought of it I can't tell but you may be 
sure that I have and shall always have an eye to your 
interest whatever be done in it I for my part have a very 
good opinion of it nor do I think it should be slighted by 
us if Gentlemen of fortune at home should, for if the 
Germans or others take a run there they will make it 
worth our while to secure a part for ourselves, I hope to 
hear in the Spring what those to whom I have wrote 
will do, and then I will let you know, its possible you may 
this winter get some more particular information for the 
Tract being so large and so remote they will not be 
afraid of telHng what they have discovered I presume it 
lyes to the westward of Hardinberghs Grant and to 
the northward of pensilvania, clear of all presumptions 
and as Such I have represented it I must doubt whether 
they have found a practicable place for a Road over the 
mountains to Esopus but if my notion of that part of the 
country be right, a road may be found by or through our 

168 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Land behind Salisbury I heartily wish you a merry 
Christmas and am 

Sir y most obed* humble Serv* 

Geo. Clarke. 


To the Honoble Cadwallader Golden Esqr 
Surveyor Gen" and one of his Maj*'" Gouncil 
for the province of New York. 

From Alexander C olden. 
Dear Son 

I wrote to you about a fourthnight before I received 
yours Nov 14**" & sent inclosed in a letter from John 
Young in Counsetoun [?] to his brother Andrew at London 
which I hope y* will take care of, I have lately yours w*'* 
my dear daughters Alice to her father who gives a very 
comfortable account of the state of your famiUe for 
which I desire to bless the Lord and that I could look 
upon the same as in answer of your & our prayers every 
mercie y* comes to us in answer to our prayers tho a 
common and temporal mercie is blest & will encourage 
us to go on in prayer and excite love to a sin pardoning 
& a prayer hearing God ther is hardly a better evidence of 
Gods Grace & favour towards any than his holy spirit 
helping our infirmities in prayer and his interceeding in 
us w* sight & groans that cannot be uttered (obHterated) 
when we know not what to pray for nor how & even then 
the Lord knowes the mind of the spirit 

I am sorrie to hear that the differences in your 
province are far from being over the Lord hath wrought 
wonders for you hither to & hath helped you I hope in 
fiducial dependence in him to endeavour to walk uprightly 
before him committing the issues of all to his wise and 
most holy & just pleasure, who hath the managing & 
ordering of all things in his hands even the minutest & 
in all designs his own glorie the manesfestation of his 
infinitely glorious excelliences & perfection & y« salva- 
tion of his chosen & affectually called ones, give God the 
glorie of all the good you have or do enjoy & trust in him- 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 169 

self cleaving to what is pleasing in his sight and watching 
against any temptations to take crooked ways look not 
for caprices from the enjoyment of any creature or crea- 
tures but in all things under the sun are but to amuse 
vexation of spirit and I hope the Lord is making you by the 
difficulties you have been exercised with experience the 
same & hath been taking your heart from these broken 
Cysterns that can hold no water and inclining your heart 
to himself who is the fountain of living water y* will never 
run dry and is still the same y" enough in God in Christ to 
make you & yours to caprice here & forever, resolved & 
endeavour that do others what the will y* you & your 
house will serve the Lord, you will find him a good master 
be fervent most & with all honorable & pleasant & y« more 
you go on in it it will become the sweeter honorable & 
easier, the way of the Lord is strength to the upright, his 
yoke is easie & the burden is light blessed is the man y' 
seeks the Lord & delights in his commandments the gener- 
ations of the upright shall be blessed, the just man walks in 
his interest & his seed are blessed after him look for noth- 
ing from god of these blessings y* are loving but in & 
through the Lord Jesue in whom alone he is well pleased 
with funds & to whom the father giveth Christ he giveth 
not him all things, all the mercie & good we receivd from 
the father is in & through the hands of the mediater 
Christ into whose hands he hath committd the ordering 
of all things in the church & in the world, nothing we 
can do y* is pleasing to the father but what is wrought in 
us by the spirit of Christ & what we do even by the aids 
of the spirit as it comes from us even the best of us while 
here who are but imperfectly sanctifyd & in whom cor- 
ruption still remains & mercie it selfe in our best desires 
could not be accepted if it wer not through the media- 
tion of Christ at the fathers right hands, in whose hands 
all the sincere Godly do leave ther prayers & other duties 
to present them to the father that being performed by 
the innocense of his mercie they may be accepted & whil 
they are helped in the exercise of faith to do so the Lord 
is pleased often times to assure ther hearts of his accept- 
ance & therby to strengthen ther souls in his service & 

170 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

to endeavour to do all w* a single eye to the pleasing of 
him who ever be displeased & when they experience God 
w* them then they fear not who can be against them may 
the Lord fill you w* his holy spirit may be lead you into all 
truth may he hold up your goings in the paths of holy- 
nes & righteousnes may he when your foot is ready to 
shp by his mercie hold you up & in the multitude of your 
thought may his comfort delight your souls may father 
son & holy Ghost be your portion & the portion of my 
dear daughter & of all your children may he be your & 
ther father who will not lett one who is able and willing to 
take care of all his children in Christ & will prepare them 
& make them meet for the heavenly inheritance the in- 
joyment of himself in glorie Mr Christie was lately here 
& showed me my dear daughters letter to her father & 
yours to him they wer all in health then he was then 
designing to write to you who will in his give you a more 
particular account of his father and familie y° I can do, 
I had a letter yesternight from your brother who tells me 
y* his youngest daughter Jane hath had the measles & 
that the other two who have not had them and are yet 
in health & have not been seized with that distempter 
which he wrote hath been so verie mortal in the Merse 
the measles are in this parish both amongst old & young 
few have died by it your nephew & namesake Cad who 
is w* me now hath not had them & is to this day preserved 
from them what the Lord designs to do I know not but 
desire to committ my self to him & all to his holy & 
gracious disposing will, I have reason to bless God y* the 
child is dayly more inchnd to his book and reading of the 
Bible & can give some tolerable account of w* he reads in 
the Historical part of it Sandy the oldest son of your 
brother is at Keep school & is much comended by his 
master for his dihgence & proficiency in his learning of 
latin & hath written two letters to me with his own hand 
I have had my health better this winter y°- the last yet I 
find my bodily strength sensibly failing & the infirmities of 
old age growing notwithstanding of which I have now 
not only to preach or lecture every Lords days but also to 
preach in week days in some of the remote parts of the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 171 

parish & baptize children & sometime nearer home when 
the children are weak & cannot be brought out for which 
I desire to be thankful to God for his enabling me in the 
last degree to go about any part of the work he calls me 
to in my present circumstances, I am verie sensible of & 
affected w* your child hke affection to me & concern 
about me it is verie refreshing to me to hear from you as 
long as I live & do expect you will ommitt no opportunitie 
of writing to me, I have had some expectation of seeing 
your eldest son is as I think to go abroad merchandizing 
you might send him to Britton y* I might see him & his 
other grandfather & uncles might see him but I dare not 
advise to it whatever be y^ event if since a voyage and in 
all probabihty he might miss the sight of both his grand- 
fathers Y' hath been great sickness & death amongst 
young & old in y» parish of late & still remain which is 
a call to me to prepare, I hop I will not want your nor 
my dear daughter prayers y* I may be useful while I Uve & 
may finish my course & my ministrie with joy that the 
Lord may multiply his blessings in Christ Jesue upon 
you all may he be the God and the guide of you my dear 
daughter Alhe & all my grandchildren with you even unto 
death that if we never see one anothers face here we may 
meet w* another in heaven & maybe altogether with the 
Lord ther forever, I am 

Dear Son 
Your most tenderly affectionat father 

Alex. Golden. 
Oxnam March 9*'' 1737 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

at New York 
to be Left at the Sun Goffee house 
behind the royal exchange 

172 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Commission for settling the Boundary between Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire. 

GOD of Great Britain France & Ireland King Defend' 
of the faith &c TO our Trusty & wellbeloved George 
Clarke, Francis Harrison Cadwalader Colden Abraham 
Van Horn and Philip Livingston Esq" Members of the 
Council in our Province of New York in America, Our 
Trusty & wellbeloved John Hamilton John Wells John 
Reading, Cornelius Van Horn & William Provoost 
Esquires Members of the Council in our Province of New 
Jersey in America, Our Trusty & well beloved William 
Skene William Sherriffe Henry Cope Erasmus James 
Philip & Otho Hamilton Esq" Members of the Council 
in our Province of Nova Scotia in America & to our 
Trusty and wellbeloved Samuel Vernon John Gardner 
John Potter Ezekiel Warner & George Cornel Esq" 
Members of the Council in our Province of Rhode 
Island in America GREETING WHEREAS we have 
been informed that a Dispute hath been long subsisting 
between our Province of the Massachusets Bay & New 
Hampshire in America relating to their respive Boundarys 
KNOW YE therefore that we reposing especial Trust 
and Confidence in your Abilities, Discretions & Integritys 
HAVE Nominated Authorized and appointed & by these 
presents DO Nominate Authorize & appoint you the s^ 
George Clarke Francis Harrison Cadwalader Colden 
Abraham Van Horn Philip Livingston John Hamilton 
John Wells John Reading Cornelius Van Horn William 
Provoost William Skene William Sherriffe Henry Cope 
Erasmus James Philips Otho Hamilton Samuel Vernon 
John Gardner John Potter Ezekiel Warner & George 
Cornel or any five or more of you to be our Com" for 
Settling Adjusting and Determining the Respective 
Boundaries of our S** Provinces of the Massachusets Bay 
and New Hampshire in America in Dispute as afs<^ OUR 
WILL & pleasure therefore is that you repair by the first 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 173 

Convenient Opportunity to the Town of Hampton within 
the s^ Province of New Hampshire as being most Con- 
veniently Scituated for that Purpose & there hold your 
1«* Meeting on the 1^* day of August in the year of our 
Lord Christ 1737 from wch Day & any future Days of 
Adjourment you may Adjourn to such time & times as 
may be most Convenient for you And in Case five of you 
Shall not be present on the s"^ P* day of August or on any 
other Day of Adjournm* then Such or a Majority of Such 
of You as shall be present Shall & may Adjourn the fur- 
ther Execucon of this Comission in manner afs"^ and that 
at your first Meeting you do make Choice of one or more 
Clerk or Clerks to Enter your Minutes & ^ceedings 
As also of one or more Skillfull ^sons to prepare Draughts 
or Plans of the Country or Boundarys as there shall be 
from time to time Occasion And that you do Administer 
to Such Clerks or other ^sons as you Shall employ an 
Oath or if they Shall be of the People Called Quakers an 
affirmacon for the due & faithful execucon of their Trusts. 
And that of the Com" present at any Meeting He who 
is first Named in the List of y^ Com" Shall preside at 
Such Meeting & Shall Issue out the Necessary Summons 
for Such Witnesses as either party s Shall require AND 
WEE DO hereby direct & Command that you our s^* 
Com" do use all Convenient Dispatch in this affair 
And that all Determinations be made by a Majority of 
the Com" who shall be present at any Meeting Provided 
there shall be then present five or more of the s'^ Com" 

that in Case either of the s^ two Provinces whose Bound- 
arys are to be Setled Shall Neglect to Send to you at 
your first Meeting the Names & places of Abode of two 
of their Publick officers residing in their respective 
Provinces on either of whom or at whose Places of abode 
any Notices Summons or final Judgm* of you Our s** 
Com" may be Served or left And in Case either of the 
s'* Provinces Shall also Neglect to Send to you our s<^ 
Com" at your first Meeting a plain & full State of their 
Demands or pretensions in Writing Describing where & in 
what places the Boundaries on the Southern & Northern 

174 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

part of New Hampshire ought to begin And what Courses 
& how farr the same ought to run respectively To the 
End that copys thereof may be mutually Exchanged in 
Order to ^vent any unnecessary delay & that each party 
may come fully prepared (that then you our s^ Com" or 
any five of you in either of these Cases Do ^ceed Exparte 
AND WE DO further direct & Comand that no Witnesses 
be allowed by you to give Evidence but such as shall 
be sworn or shall take a Solemn afiirmation (being of the 
People Called Quakers) before you in Open Court wch 
you are hereby impowered to Administer And that the 
whole of what such Witnesses Shall offer to you be put 
in writing by the Clerk in the presence of You and of the 
respective witnesses And that the same be read to & 
Signed by the respective witnesses AND we do further 
order & direct that Entrys be made of all Papers Evidences 
Deeds Charters and Proofs Received by you in this affair 
& of all your ^ceedings & resolutions throughout the same 
And that Plans or Draughts of Such Boundary Lines as 
shall be agreed upon by you be Annexed thereto & made 
parts thereof AND OUR further will & pleasure is that 
when you shall have made your final Determination & 
Signed the same a Copy there of Shall be sent to Such 
Publick ofl5cer or oflicers in each respective Province as 
beforemen*^ as likewise Notice of Another Meeting to be 
held by you at the Distance of Six weeks or at such further 
reasonable time as you Shall appoint not Exceeding three 
Calender Months at wch s** Meeting either of the s** 
Provinces who shall find themselves Aggrieved may enter 
their Appeal to us in our Privy Council with a Declaration 
what parts of the Determination of you the said Com" 
they abide by or appeal from But if neither of the s** 
Province do enter their Appeal or Exception ag* your 
Determination at Such last Meeting OUR will is that 
then in such Case no Appeal or Exception Shall be after- 
wards reced or Admitted and Such Determination of you 
Our Com'« being Confirmed by us Shall be final & Con- 
clusive to both the said Provinces AND FURTHER 
our will is that each of the s** Provinces be permitted to 
take out at their Own Expense Copys of the whole 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 175 

^ceedings in this affair to be attested by tho-ee or more 
of you our Com'* IN WITNESS whereof we have caused 
these our Letters to be made Patent WITNESS our Self 
at Westm®' the 9*^ day of April in the Tenth year of our 

By Writt of Privy Seal 

BissE Bray. 


9 Apr. 1737. 

Commission for Selling the Boundarys 
between y« Province of the Massachu- 
sets Bay and New Hampshire. 

QUERIES relating to his Majestys Province of New York. 

N. 1 What is the Scituation of the Province under your 
Govornment the Nature of the Country Soil and 
Climate the Latitudes and Longitudes of the most 
Considerable Places in it or the Neighboring 
French or Spanish Settlements. Have those Lati- 
tudes and Longitudes been Settled by Good Ob- 
servations or only by Common Computations 
and from whence are the Longitudes Computed. 

2 What are the reputed Boundaries and are any 
Parts thereof Disputed 
What Parts and by Wliom — 

a true copy of the original Queries 
sent from the Lords of Trade and 
by an order of his Honor the Lieut 
Govern and Council of the 5th 
of Jan'y 1737— referred to His 
Ma[jes]ties Surveyor General of 
Land for him to give an Answer 

Examd ^ 
Fred^ Morrice D. CI Council 

176 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From Andrew Chrystie 

Dear Brother and Sister. 

Your agreeable letter of November 24th, arrived by- 
post from London y« 26th of Aprile last, but who has putt 
it in y« post house there and paid franco to Coppenhagen 
(as all letters must be) I can't tell, as there is no direction 
on the letter to any there. I observe y« reason of your 
long silence, q*'^ I shall take as [torn]. I wrott you from 
BristoU last year of June 7th and again from Morbattle of 
October 1st [both O : S :] qrin desired you to direct to the 
care of Mr. John Collett Merch** living in Danish Church 
Square London, q"** direction, if you will now please 
to keep. Your letters will never faill to come to me, as 
oft as you incUne to write. In y* of Oct 1st O: S: I gave 
you Ace" of my wife's having been in child bed att 
her Sisters att Morbattle, of a Girle Sarah, and of our 
Intention in sailing shortly after that. We accord- 
ingly came to Berwick from Morbattle the 17th of 
Oct' and sail'd from thence on y^ 25th and arrived, 
after an easy passage, att our house the 4th of N[ov]., all 
New stile, having with us our little Sarah, and James's 
oldest son David, with a Serv* Maid to take care of y« 
child: You think it was a cold attempt to go to sea so 
late in the year with my wife, after 6 weeks being in 
child bed and such a young Infant, which I cannot deny, 
but as my wife did not incline to stay behind me, neither 
would she hear of leaving them to be nurst in Scotland 
we resolved to it and trusted in providence for the Issue, 
q"^ fell out to admiration, as we mett with such an easy 
passage, as perhaps any have mett with at such a late 
time of y« year; When we came home, we found our 
boy Davie and Daughter Kattie perfectly well, as we 
are all now att present. Davie going att the latin 
School, Kattie pratling 2 Languages she speaks more 
Novie than Enghsh, but seems to Understand equally, 
Sarah still sucking, qrin my wife takes such a pleasure that 
I cannot gett her to wain her, altho a Lusty, thriving fatt 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 177 

Hussie and almost 10 month old. Our Nephew David is a 
Youth, diligent, carefull, and appliable to any thing. 

The last we had from Morbattle was of Ap: 12th, 
which we received 15th of May, att which time our 
Brothers family were all in perfect health, as also our 
Aged father, but y* his weakness and feebleness increased 
dayly on him. I hope you will not be so long in writting 
again, qrin give us a particular Acct of your family, 
what our Nephew Alexre makes of y« Merchant trade, and 
if our Niece Betty is Uke to gett a Sweetheart yett. 

The trade in England is very Dull, not nigh so much 
building as in former Years, and whole Streets newly 
built in London almost Vacant for want of Lodgers, 
q**^ affects our trade so much in this Country, y* it was 
never worse. 

By last, Ace" from Brevieg, our Brothers widow and 
her 10 Children were all well; She keeps up still y* 
Trade as well as she can poor woman. 

Lett my kind Love and affection be remembered to 
all y« Children. I am 

Dear Brother & Sister, 
Your Most Affectionat Brother 
& Humble Serv* 
Andr. Chrystie. 
Moss June 27th N. S. 

P. S. My wife who thought to have wrott her Sister a 
few hues, sends her Love to you both and the Children, 
desiring this time to be excused, as the Captn of the Ship 
who brings this to London is Just for going on board, and 
will give her no time. 


To Cadwallader Golden Eaqr. 

In New York America. 
To be left att the Sunn Coffee house 
Behind the Royall Exchange London. 

178 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From the General Assembly of Massachusetts Bay 

Province of the ) 

Massachusetts Bay ) 


The General Assembly of this Province now sitting 
have directed me to Acquaint Your Honour, That a 
Quorum of His Majesty's Commissioners for Settling the 
Boundaries between this Province and the Province of 
New Hampshire are Met at Hampton in Pursuance of His 
Majesty's Commission, The Assembly being well assured 
that Letters from White-Hall on this Affair directed to 
Your Honour, and the rest of the Commissioners at New 
York and New Jersey, arrived in New Hampshire five 
or six weeks ago, They fear that those Letters have some 
way or other been delayed or are Miscarried, And the 
Matter being of great Importance, They have appointed 
Thomas Berry Esquire (A Member of the Council) and 
Mr. Rowland Cotton a Member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives to wait on your Honour and the rest of the 
Commissioners of your Government with their Earnest 
Desires that you would be Pleased to repair to the Town 
of Hampton as soon as maybe, Hoping that the afore 
mentioned Letters are come to Hand by this time. 
I am 


Yo' Hon" most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

J. WiLLARD Secry. 
Boston Aug. 6 1737. 

The Hon. Cadwalder Golden Esq» 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 179 

Cadwallader Golden to Mrs. Golden. 

New York Sept' 11th 1737. 
My Dear 

I wrote yesterday in the time of the pole thinking the 
sloop would have gon but since it still remains I now can 
acquaint you that by the Pole Mr Phihpse has carried 
it by 15 votes Such a strugle I believe was never in 
America and is now over with a few bloody noses Mr 
Vanhorne expects to carry the Election upon the Scrutiny 
which is to begin to morrow But the most considerable 
News came last Night by the Post The Gov' has a letter 
from Lord De la Ware informing him that my Lord does 
not design to come over till after the next Session of Parlia- 
ment so that Mr. Clarke will continue in the Administra- 
tion for one year at least and it is thought my Lord will 
not come to America but Act by Deputy and Mr Clarke 
the most likely to be the man This makes a vast Altera- 
tion in the present state of affairs here. I am 
Your most affectionate 

Cadwallader Colden. 

Betty & I are both perfectly well & 
dine at the Fort this Day. 

The sick the lame and the blind were all carried to 
vote they were carried out of Prison and out of the poor 
house to vote such a strugle I never saw and such a 
hurraing that above one half of the men in town are so 
hoarse that they cannot speak this day the pole lasted 
from half an hour after nine in the morning till past nine 
at night there was upwards of 800 persons poled Mr 
Clarke has orders to pay the Soldiers The Assembly of 
Pennsylvania has given 600 pounds to Mr Logan 


To Mrs Golden 
at Goldenghame. 

180 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Cadwallader Colden to Mrs. Colden. 

New York Sept' 27th 1737. 
My Dear 

I have yours of the 20*'* & 23<* from Newburgh I am 
exceedingly sorry that you should have the Affiction of 
your Childrens sickness at a time when you have so much 
other trouble that cannot be avoided and I am affray'd 
some other uneasiness that you do not mention if it 
be as I suspect the cure of that lyes entirely in your own 
mind by an outward discreet compHsant behaviour & 
by suffering nothing to have more than its proper weight 
in your own breast. The greatest men in the world are 
often obUged to behave in this sort & therefore you need 
not think your case worse than common in case it be such 
as I suspect. If the pain of Johnies knee be not fully 
remov'd mix some powder of the Arum roots in the 
poultis that is laid to it & let him take of my drops. I 
hope Sandy will be more with you than formerly & that 
you will for my sake take care of your self & guard against 
all uneasiness of mind w^ is best Don by sometimes 
diverting your thoughts by conversing with your friends 

Tell Sandy to send down the Survey he made for John 
Wemp in the Mohawk's country & if possible let it come 
by Galatian He must send the Copy of the Map of that 
land likewise They must be sent as soon as possible. 
Our party Disputes are as high as ever while some are 
endeavoring to widen the vent others are endeavoring 
to patch it up What will be the Issue it is difficult to tell. 

This comes by Mr. Th. Burnet who promises to leave 
it at Newburgh as he goes to Mr. Hashels. Betty & I are 
both in good health You may be sure we will stay here 
as short while as possible but it is impossible for me to tell 
when I shall leave the place & affairs are in such a state 
that I cannot at this time purpose leaving it without 
disobliging perhaps all my Friends. Otherwise I would 
not leave you one Moment under the uneasiness I appre- 
hend you have: But I trust to your Prudence & Reso- 
lution of mind to make your self entirely easy in my 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 181 

Absence As to my Farm Affairs I can give no particular 
Directions I am fully Satisfied that every thing is done 
with all the care & to all the advantage possible. Pray 
remember me DutyfuUy to my Aunt & I make no doubt 
of your doing every thing to make her present state of 
Life agreeable to her if any thing be in my power here to 
contribute to it I shall have a pleasure to know it & do it. 
Remember me affectionately to our dear Children It is 
hard that I cannot write one letter without being again 
& again interrupted & you will excuse many omissions 
upon this Account. My Dear take care of your self as 
you have regard to the ease & Satisfaction of 
Your most affectionate 

Cadwallader Golden. 


To Mrs Golden 
at Goldenghame. 

From Alexander Golden. 
Dear Son 

The Last letter I had from you was dated May 21, 
1737 you Say y* you had not heard from me Last Spring 
is not my fault for becaus many of my letters come not 
to your hand I delayed writing till I had a merchant in 
Jedburgh going to London, I sent in March or April Last 
by him a letter to you which he said he delivered w* his 
own hands in at Sun Coffee house behind the Royal 
Exchange which I hope you have received you are never 
forgot by me night nor day I cease not pray for you & my 
dear daughter nor your children, I also remember in 
prayer my sister your aunt, I am glad to hear by yours 
to your brother y* she is with you, I doubt not of your 
concern to make her life in her Last dayes as comfortable 
as you can & will commend the virtue of the Gospel to 
her by a gospel conversation and duly keeping up the 
worship of God in your famihe & putting such books in 
her hands as may be instructive to her in the way of 
salvation by faith in a crucifyd & exalted Redeemer, if 
you [have] a book intitled A trial of loving interest in 

182 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Christ by mr William Gutherie, the Lord hath been 
pleased to bless y*^ litle book to many parishioners, one 
Edition of it is recommended by the late Bishop Burnet, 
he subscribes his recommendation only by G, G, B, 

I am glad y* you have hopes that the evil dissentions 
which have prevailed in your province so long may be 
extinguished by the prudent managment of your present 
Lieu* Governour & y* you are in so much friendship with 
him, notice I pray you the good hand of God in this, & 
if you have been praying for this, no doubt you will be 
acknowledging the grace & mercie of God in it & giving 
him the glorie of it, & will be concernd to improve that 
mercie in the pubhck station you are in by the gracious 
providence of God, this is the best way of expressing your 
thankfullnes to God for it & will be the ablest mean of 
the continuance of it, many mercies have you had since 
you left me let the Goodness of God ingage you to serve 
him in all relations you are in & encourage you to keep his 
way & trust him for direction & assistance in the same & 
acceptance through Jesus Christ notwithstanding of all 
the imperfections & defects y* may attend your sincere 
endeavours to please God in all things, especially when you 
are helped to discover these imperfections & do lament & 
bewail them befor the Lord. 

We have from the news in the London prints heard 
of several that were designed for the Government of New 
York the Last was my Lord Delaware but now we hear 
he is not to go, but hath got a regiment at home, we do 
not hear from the news in the London papers that anyone 
since named for that post I have been praying to God y' 
he may send you such a Governour as may be for the 
good of that province & if you were all thus employed at 
the throne of grace I am persuaded y* you should experi- 
ence y* God to the hearer of prayers. 

I bless the Lord for so giving you so many children 
& y* they are so hopefull & y* you have so great satisfaction 
in them be cheifly concernd y* they may remember ther 
Greater in the dayes of ther youth, & that they may 
daily seek the Lord & may devote themselves to the 
service of God Father Son & Holy Ghost may choose him 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 183 

for ther portion & all, & then he will take care of them 
protect them provide for them and communicat his grace 
& love to them, give them access into his presence in Holy 
dutyes & sweeten all the dispensations of his providence 
w*^ respect to them, whither of mercie or judgment Blest 
are they y* fear the Lord, they shall want nothing y* God 
sees good for them that fear him, indeavour to be a good 
example to them yourselfe put them on diligently to read 
the scriptures to prayer & sanctifying of the Lords day, 
& keep in good company. Pray much for them y* they 
may be born again of the spirit may by faith be united to 
the Lord Jesus Christ & may be sealed by the Holy Spirit 
& received into the number of Gods children & be heirs 
of his Heavenly inheritance rather y* they may be rich 
or great in the world all sublunary things here but [?] & 
vexation of spirit & cannot make us happie here & we can 
carry nothing home, we must leave all at death but blessed 
are they that die in the Lord whatever was ther life in 
this world, nay often y^ obey have or begin heaven here 
y* joy comfort & satisfaction from the exercise of grace, 
access to God in prayer & see in the well grounded hopes 
of glorie y* all others are strangers to, & when injoyd is 
beyond ther expression to others & fills y" w* wonder & 
realization of the free immortall & invincible love of God 
to them in Jesus Christ & y by come to know y Election 
to grace here & glorie hereafter. Eye hath not seen nor ear 
heard nor can the heart of man conceive whatever in this 
life God hath prepared for them y* love him all the saints 
more or less sometime or other have experience of this & 
can bear impress to it & after in a dying hour I have had 
more health the last summer than formerly I was able not 
only to preach Monday but to go abroad in the parish & 
baptize & preach in remote parts of the parish and to go & 
assist at communions in parishes in the neighbourhood, 
but since September my old distemper hath returned 
this health y* I in joyed last summer should not make me 
secure or put death further from me for I have experienced 
this verie summer of two old men one of them an Elder 
& minist the same age w* myself y* for some moneths 
befor they sickend & died they had more health & vigor 

184 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

of bodie than they had some time befor which is a warn- 
ing to me, I have nothing y* should make me desire to Uve 
except y* I may have fm-ther opportunitie of serving God 
in the work of the ministrie being deeply sensible of my 
great short comings in the same, & yet often fear I may 
be less usefull if I should live any time longer & it will be 
certainly so, if the Lord be not with me & return not to 
me w* wonted aids of his holy spirit. I have been often 
thinking to diminish my charge becaus of the infirmities 
of old age & to the success I observe of my labours in the 
ministrie yet I dare not do it so long as I am in any 
capacitie to serve the Lord in his own work he hath 
called me to & do experience any degree & measure of his 
assisting grace w* me pray much for me, for we have 
here many difficulties to graple w* divisions in our church 
grow daily so pray much for me y* I may be able to stand 
in an evil day & may nether turn to the right lane nor 
left but may be upright & straight in the way of the 
Lord whatever I may be called to suffer, blessed be God 
he hath never altogether left me & I am persuaded will 
not leave me nor forsake me & will be my God & my 
guide even unto death, I have at some seasons visits of 
love from the Lord some shillings of his face which are 
reviving cordially to my soul bless y« Lord w* me for the 

I expect your brother here this week, I heard from 
him last week, he & his family wer then in health & all 
his five sons wer w* me in the harvast time. Cad your name 
son is a sharp boy, hath a good memorie especially of the 
historical part of the scriptures, the 2 youngest of your 
brothers sons are still w* me, they prove diverting to me, 
in my solitary condition since your mother died its y" 
more difficult now to be alone when the bodyly infirmities 
grow upon me having non about me except servants & 
my assistant, I have no hopes of seeing you or my dear 
daughter nor any of your children my dear grand children, 
nor can I desire any of them to hazard a dangerous 
voyage at sea to come to see me because I may be dead 
before they come I desire to be present with you all in 
my spirit & daily to send up petitions for you all not 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 185 

forgetting my sister w* whom I desire to sympathize 
being in the same circumstances w* myself everywaye 
y* in y« day of the Lord we may all be of the mmiber of 
them y* shall be gathered together & meet the Lord in the 
air & be ever w* him & w* one another neglect no oppor- 
tunitie of writing to me, ordinarly y"^ I begin to long to 
hear from you & then receive a letter from you may the 
father of all grace & consolation bless you all you & my 
dear daughter & your children & my sister w* all spiritual 
blessings in Christ both temporal spiritual & eternal I 
give my sincere thanks to my sister for her kindnes to you 
& your brother & believe the Lord will reward her I incline 
to have written to her but feared she would not read my 
writing, & I fear you will easily do it for I am now past 
writing, my sight begins to fail, I enter this moneth into 
the 84**' year of my age w"*' in the greatest probabiUtie 
will be the last, I am 

Dear Son 
Your most tenderly affectionat father 

Alex' Golden. 
Oct. IS'^ 1737 
P S 

My assistant was at Morbattle yes- 
terday old Mr. Christie is verie infirm 
Mr Christie designs to go to Mr 
Lynch this day. 


To Cadwallader Golden of Goldinghame Esq' 

in New York America 
To be Left at the Sun Goffee house 
Behind the Royall Exchange London. 

From William Smith. 

New York December 31»* 1737. 

After Several Meetings Pubhshed in the New York 
Journal pursuant to the Articles of Agreement The 
Proprietors of the Oblong have Yesterday Compleated 

186 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

the Setlement of the accounts of What has been Ex- 
pended in their Defence by the Chancery Suits, apphca- 
tion of the assembly, by remittances to Great Brittain 
Interest of moneys borrowed for those Purposes and all 
other things that have been found necessary for mutual 
Defence Since the Third Day of November 1732 (When 
their first Quota was Settled) and found the Whole to 
amount to £13-3-7 P' 1000 acres as by the accounts 
Entred in their books in my hands and Signed by them 
Do appear and according thereto Your account in the Said 
books is Charged of which you herewith have a Copy. 

As there was an Absolute necessity to remitt Sundry 
Sums of money to England on the Companys Service 
and it being found impossible to raise it from So large 
a number of persons being in places remote from Each 
other within the Short times that the exigency of those 
affairs allowed therfore the Company judge the necessity 
of Borrowing that money unavoidable and it was accord- 
ingly borrowed and Still remains upon interest unpaid 
and this is the reason of the Charge of Interest on the 
respective Quota's of the Parties To which there must 
Still be made a further addition of Interest from the 
first of this month to the time you Pay your account 
which the Company requests may be as Speedily as 
Possible paid to me whom they have Directed to pay it 
to the Several persons from whom moneys have been 
borrowed on the Credit of both Quota's and to whom 
its Due that there may be as little necessity as Possible 
of makeing a further Charge of Interests thereon which 
a Delay must necessarily occasion 
I am 

Yours humble Serv* 

Wm Smith. 


To the Hon'''' Cadwalladbr Golden Esq' 


THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 187 

James Alexander and William Smith 
To the Debtors of the Equivalent Company 

New York December 31"* 1737. 

On the Thirty first Day of December 1737 WilHam 
Smith wrote to each of you Particularly with the Bal- 
lance of your Account Concerning the Equivalent Setled 
to the first Day of December 1737 requesting Speedy 
Payment thereof with Interest from the Day to which 
they were Setled in Order to the Dischargeing those Large 
Sums of Money that were Borrowed for the Use of the 
Company by Order and Approbation of Sundry Legall 
Meetings to Persons to whom the Money Owing was due 

The Delay of Complying with that his Request has 
Occasioned the Letter from M"^ Murray Whereof Copy 
is Inclosed for which we cannot Blame him nor ought 
you to Blame us that We request of you Either to Pay 
the Ballance due from you of which you was informed 
as above with interest from the first Day of Dec. 1737 
and a Proportion of the Costs occasioned by M"" Mur- 
ray's Suits and that before the tenth Day of March Next 
or Secondly if you cannot Pay it by that Day that you 
will Come and give to us your bonds for what Shall then 
be due Payable in a Short time after or Thirdly if you are 
not satisfied that you are so justly indebted that you 
will be pleased to transmitt to us by that Day the war- 
rant of Attorney inclosed Signed by you If Neither of 
which of these Propositions you shall think Proper to 
Comply with we hereby give you Notice that as Soon as 
Possible after the Tenth of March Next we will Issue 
Process against Every Person failing to Compell the Pay- 
ment of his Just Debt with Interest and Costs 

We are 
To the Debtors of the Your humble Serv*» 

Equivalent Company. , » 

Ja. Alexander. 
Wm. Smith. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

att Coldingham 

188 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From Philip Livingston. 

Albany 3^ January 1737/8. 

There is about 10 a 12 acres of Low Land & 350 acres 
of upland of litle value to the north of Burnetsfield which 
lyes within the Palatine Purchase, but as the Indians do 
not Conceive themselves devested of any Lands unless 
it be Surveyed, they have given this Spot to a palatine 
Girl who is now marryd with one Timothy Magin who 
has been my Servant, I understand that Johan Joost 
Petri has petitioned for this same Spott (after he heard 
that y* Indians had made this gift) — and that you have 
gott the Survey of it, but he doth not sue for a grant I 
have spoake to the Gov in the mans behalf who has 
promist that he Should have it. If you will be pleased on 
a warrant of Survey to Return it I shall prefer a petition 
for it in name & for T. Magin. you would do me a peice 
of Service to favour the man in this. I think he may be of 
Service to make Some of the purchases of land I have in 
view. I write to y^ Gov for another lycence in which I 
hope you will be pleased to be concerned tho' I have made 
no man' of progress in purchaseing y* Lands I intended 
by Reason our winters proves So very bad as soon as I 
have Effected any shall inform you. 

I wish you would Inform me whether I could gett 
some wheat next Spring from your Son & M' Brown at 
what price they Receive now with my best Respects to 
you & Lady I am 

Sir Y' obed* Servant 

To CaU: Golden Esq- Ph LIVINGSTON. 


For The hon'''^ Gadwallader Golden Esq' 

att Goldenham 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 189 

From Pen Hyde. 

perhaps you will be surprised when I tell you that 
I have Intentions of becoming a petitioner for land in the 
Mohawks Country but it is really true the Gov' having 
been so good to promise me and some of his Children a 
grant if we can find out that which is worth patenting, 
here is six of us that intend to joyn which with you or any 
of one of your family which you will please to name will 
require 14000 Acres at least, the great difficulty is how 
to find good land which is Vacant Which difficulty no 
one can Surmount but yourself, and as you are going to 
that Country its possible you may meet with that which 
is good Which if you can do and make a purchase of it 
from the Indians to be paid upon obtaining a Lycence for 
that purpose Which we shall do upon Notice we shall 
readily comply with such agreement as you Shall think 
fitt to make on our behalf I need not say more to you on 
this head but heartily wish you a good Journey and Suc- 
cess being Sincerely 

Your Mosf* 

obliged & 

very Humble Ser* 

Pen Hyde. 
Fort George 
March the 22nd 1738 

John Armitt to Mrs. Elizabeth Hill 

Philad. 23<* of 1st mo 1737/8. 
Esteemed Fr"^ 

Thine I reed, by the Post & were all glad to hear from 
thee after so long time of Silence in writing. I reed, a 
letter from thy Cousen Hill advising of his punctuall 
receiving y« bill of £50 for w"** he returns thee his hearty 
thanks. I went to Peter Evans this day & he tells me 
Jones brought another ^Son with him & Confest Judg- 

190 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

ment so that he says thy mony is very Safe & Hopes to 
receive it Soon & Septimus Robisson desires stay of Exe- 
cution he tells us they are setthng y^ affair of Baker & is 
Hkely to pay us soon the delay of Execution in some 
measure as Peter Informs me is from y« delitoriness of 
y« Sheriff, he being in hopes of being paid sooner than 
if put into his hands. I have put out all thy mony as 
fast as I have reed, it both Principle & Interest and I 
think Secure Tho^ Shute still promises me to bring those 
men I am glad thy Neece hath so Agreeably Altered her 
Condition to y^ generall Satisfaction of her friends. 
Francis Knowles is got hearty again & my Mother is 
as well as usuall. Brother Stephen has been very ill of a 
Nervous fever & beyond Expectation of y^ Doctors or any 
of his friends is bravely recovered again his wife lay in 
at the Same time with a fine boy whom they call John 
Armitt. Old Doctor Jones of Merrion & Joseph Kirbride 
are lately dead. Marg* Prestons Son John Langdale 
Stole a wedding with Young William Hudsons Daughter 
and in less than 3 months have got a daughter born 
which gives the old people much trouble. I should be 
glad to hear from thee oftner Father Mother & my Wife 
F. Knoles M. Calvery E. Morris & many more remember 
their Love to thee and please to Accept the same from 
thy Assured Fr- John AKMirr. 

Poor Esther Clare has kept house many months and 
is Still very poorly being much afflicted with the Gravell. 


For Elizabeth Hill 

to the Care of Samuell Heath 

at the Weighhouse in New York. 
John Armitt 
23 Ml" 1737-8 

From James De Lancey. 


I received yours of the 19*^, I was desired to write no 
otherwise to you than I did lest the letter should mis- 
carry and some people should take umbrage at it. I am 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 191 

not willing to give more than one hundred pounds for the 
lands, I gave Lyndesay no more. I expect to hear from M' 
Lansingh, as you charge other people, I'll take care you 
shall be paid in the same manner by him. Your letter 
will remove any objection, if it should be made, on that 
head. Mr. Livingston is concerned with me in one share 
of Glen's purchase, so that I cannot do anything in that 
affair till I have heard from him, I am inclined to have a 
separate patent for my share, being convinced from the 
experience of others, that it is much better to have lands 
in severalty, than to hold in common or jointly with 
others. I am 

Your most obedient humble Serv* 

James De Lance y. 
N York 
24 July 1738 

When I have a proper opportunity, 
you shall hear more fully from me. 


For the Hon*"'* Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

From James Golden. 
Dear B' 

I would not have delayed this so long but that I 
waited till I should see what turn Mr. Christie's dis- 
temper would take, he hath been Long ill, and his dis- 
temper took several turns. And there were several times 
hope he would have got the better of it. but I am per- 
suaded the great disturbance he had from his parish- 
ioners encreased it. but he is now got beyond all these 
contentions, he died friday last and was buried monday 
I went up to the burial tho it was a very stormy day, 
and my constitution is considerably broke with the 
gravil. yet I could not think of neglecting the last testi- 
mony of respect I could show him I was detained in that 
Country all Tuesday and Saw Mrs. Christy Wednesday 
last, when I found her as well as could be expected in her 

192 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Circumstances. She had not then been able to write to 
you but will do it as soon as possible and therefore I shall 
leave you to her letter for particulars. I have been uneasy 
that I heard nothing from you this Spring, as I have now 
no friend but you, and as God in his holy providence hath 
Seen meet to place us at Such distance, that I have no 
hope of Seeing you. I ask it as the greatest act of kind- 
ness you can do me that you will let me hear from you as 
of [ten] as possible. I persuade my Self if you knew what 
extraordinary Satisfaction your letters give me you 
would omit no opportunity. The Corns giving a very 
low price this year makes my fathers effects come to very 
litle. but there is not much in that he was as the best of 
men So the best of parents, and as I thought my Self 
obhged to give him a handsome burial, So I resolved to 
erect a monument to his memory, but I cannot find the 
year when he was ordained, if my Aunt could remember 
the year when my Uncle came over to Ireland it would 
give me a neer guess which if she can I desire you may 
write me in your next. I wrote you that my father had left 
your Son Alex' twelv pound Sterling and that my mother 
had Six Silver Spoons which she desired me to transmit 
to you and I shall take care to send them to London to 
any hand you shal direct me my wife desires to be duty- 
fuUy remembered to my Aunt & affectionatly to you our 
sister and the Children I am obliged to break off being 
under such lowness of Spirits as unfits me quite for writing. 
Please Say for me to my Aunt Sister and your Children 
as I ought myself that God may bless you and them and 
have you always under his almighty protection, in the 
earnest prayer of 

D B 
Your tenderly Affectionate B' 
Whitsom 23 March James Colden. 



Cadwallader Golden 
New York North America 
to be left at the Sun Goffee house 
behind the Royal Exchange London, 
to be forwarded by the first ship 
sailing for New York North America. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 193 

From James Alexander. 

New York April Q'^ 1739. 
D' Sir 

I have the favour of yours of March 31«* p' James 
Hunter with the Map of his Land for which I have given 
him a Deed bounding on his brother & on Kid 

I observe by the map you Sent that Millikens 100 is 
bounded on John McNeal & on James Hunter & is 27 
chain broad & Consequently the Length Should be 37 
chains & 1/3 of one Link & then the Lenghts along 
that Line of the patent Stand thus 

chain links 
First Grant to Arichbald Hunter 

was 40 

2^ Grant more upon that Line 

was 5 

Now James Hunter is 29 

if Alex' Millikens be 37 OOi 

John M-'Neale at South East 

Corner is 40 

151 OOi 
But my patent calls that Line . . 158 chains 

7 nearly 

Therefore by this means there would seem a Deficiency 
of 7 eh in its Length 

The back line of the patent is 174 

This will Create a Deficiency of 

Acres 1218 

I observed heretofore that there was very bare 
Measure in my Patent so bare that I found it would be 
Deficient 11-6/10 Acres Supposing the Lines held out 
their Lengths & Supposing an allowance for highways 

194 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

but if this Seven chains should be wanting also you must 
think it would be a great hardship upon me 

The Error I fancy must arise by John McNeals 
South East Corner being taken 7 chains short of my 
Corner — his bounds are begining on my South East 
Corner & running N 24* E 25 chains &c 

I should be glad of your thoughts on this head, & 
how the matter maybe rectified that justice maybe done 
to everyone 

You say Right that what was called the Country 
party is very weak in this assembly but I hope they'll 
Study the interest of the Country & if that they do to 
the best of their ability, Its very indifferent of what 
party they have Been. 

I cannot Say that I have any Curiosity for Judicial 
Astrology, or knowledge of futurity the Sentiments that 
Susan puts in Cato's mouth 

Quid Quereris Labiene &c are so impressed in my 
mind that no room is there left for the other. 

Any news that are worth repeating to you as occasion 
offers I shall give you 

I Join in your wish that none may have occasion to 
trouble themselves in their private Stations with poli- 
ticks I am Sure my inclinations are so and unless an un- 
avoidable necessity oblidges me I am resolved to stick 
to them. 

I am 


[Indorsed] Ja. ALEXANDER. 

To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

att Goldengham 

From Philip Livingston. 

Albany 17 April 1739. 
D. Su- 

I am hon"^*^ with y favours of y^ and am concernd to 
find you are displeased with me I dont know wherein 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 195 

I have offended you. I am for doing the just part. I 
send now Mr. Brown his money and take up M' 
Lindesays & my note on you pray Send me word what 
your fees comes to, to Make Return of that Survey I shall 
pay you for y« whole on y« Receit thereof let it but 
be log'd at New York or where Else you please. I am 
with Esteem 


Your most Humble Serv 

Ph. Livingston. 

Elizabeth De Lancey to Mrs. Elizabeth Hill. 

New York Aprile 19th 1739. 

It is so long since I perform'd my duty of writing 
to you I am allmost at a loss what excuse to make, but if 
saying I shall be more punctual in my Duty that way 
for the future, will be any amends, I promise not to be 
so negligent hereafter, & I hope you will forgive what 
is past Tho' I have been so backward in writting, I often 
have had the pleasure to hear by some of the family of 
your wellfare, & dont fail to remember you often in my 
thoughts. If you want any thing from town I hope 
Madam you will be so good to let me know it, & if in any 
thing I can serve you, I shall be glad to show by my 
readiness in doing it, how sensible I am of the many 
obligations I am under to you. Mr. De Lancey desires to 
remember'd kindly to you. My little Son Stephen was 
well the day before yesterday I am Mad"" 

Your most dutifuU & obedient Niece 
Eliz. DeLancey. 


To Mrs Hill 
att Coldenghame 

196 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From William Douglass. 

Boston 12*^ Nov 1739. 

The pleasure of yours of 22 <* ultimo is now before me 
your excuse for not writting I can not accept of, but 
your repentence and promise of amendment are a full 
Satisfaction. Although I have no excuse of duty or 
publick business, yet by way of amusement and as a 
voluntier I am now busy in reducing all our Paper cur- 
rencies to a regular obvious Scheme, and our Province 
to an exact Map from the Several actual Surveys lodged 
in the Secretary s office. I beg of you as soon as possible 
some acct of your Province Bills & of those of the Jerseys, 
The Several times of their emissions upon what funds 
or loans, and when cancelled or to be cancelled: as 
also the particulars of your lines as settled with Conecti- 
cut, and how you think it ought to be settled with us: 
when you have done this pennance you shall have abso- 
lution. I am ready to spare not only an hour, but a week 
when desired to obUge and serve you. I should have 
answered yours sooner but as you requested of me to be 
large and particular o'late having no occasion to think 
concerning this Illness it required time to pursue & 
digest what was intermixed with other observations in 
my Diaries. 

I can not acct for the general invasion of this Dis- 
temper; it was not imported; it affected only some 
particular Towns here and there & neighbourhoods but 
not progressively or by Spreading. In the Same Town 
it Seized familys as it was at random without infecting 
the neighbourhood or visitors who without any reserve 
did frequently see their sick neighbours: where it enters 
a family constitution, scarce any of the family escape 
being seized: in some family constitutions it is generally 
mortal in others very favourable — Some fear I observed 
in the common way of judging Received it by personal 
infection. — Our Towns that suffered most, were 1"* the 
fishing towns Marblehead Kittery &c 2^ Uliginose or 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 197 

Ferry Towns that lie near great River Ponds Swamps or 
Woodlands, Newburg Hampton-falls &c. S''^ great porke 
eaters Kingstone Exeter &c all which dispose to a practice 
of the Habit. This may be called an acute malignant 
Fever: it is not uncommon with many Persons in Town 
and Country of a Feverish habit (which seems to be the 
Endermial temperament in this Province and its neigh- 
boiu-hood) in all Seasons and years upon catching cold, 
to have infiltrations on the Tonsils and Fauces with 
Phlyctenular, but of no fatal or permanent consequence. 

Many of the Symptoms varied in the various Towns 
Thus in Boston ct. 1736 it was happily acompanyed with 
a Miliary Fever, which rendred it very favourable. In 
Kingston (where it first appeared) there was a consider- 
able infiltration inflammation even to strangulation with 
impostunations of fauces and neck. Marblehead first 
seizure ct. 1736 had also the Eruptive Fever & very few 
died but their 2^ seizure 1737 had no miliary eruption & 
bad regimen and proved very mortal In Maiden in 1738 
no milliary Eruptions but a slow putrid fever Phagedenick 
Ulcers frequent in the habit besides the Ulcuscule in the 
Throat — As no two faces are in all respects alike, so there 
are no two human distempers exactly the same : there is a 
complication of the constitution and of the soil or Terroir 
— The Subjects of this Illness are generally those under 
the age of Puberty some adults even old people have been 
seized and died of it. Inspecting some of the dead anato- 
mically, we could not discover any particular Viscus 
affected the lungs appeared as in the peripneumonial but 
a general putredo with stench and inteneration of the 
Oeconomy. — Where the Miasm is so strong, or nature so 
weak, that no Fever or Strugle can happen, the patient 
soon dies of a general Necrosis 

The seminium Seems to be hatching some time in 
the blood before the Distemper notoriously discovers it 
Self. (Nay some children previously do languish and 
their Issues become phagedenick: some few had putrid 
Ulcerations in the habit, previous to the Fever. — When 
the Distemper becomes obvious, it begins with the com- 
mon Symptoms of a Fever (any constitutional complaint 

198 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

is also revived) but not Nausea, a putrid heat different 
from the parched Skin of common fevers, pulse not high 
but inconstant, a languid countenance, great prostration 
of strength no considerable thirst, tongue much fever'd 
Tonsils and other parts of the Fauces infiltrated and 
Speck'd, throwing up from time to time thick cream col- 
oured sloughs (in those who were very bad, from parts 
further than the Eye can reach in Some Mump like 
Swellings Tumors & impostumations on the chops, in some 
phagedenick ulcers Submaxillary behind the Ears, on 
the Extremities, on Pene, Scroto, Vagina, Vulva & other 
parts. The slough casting off from time to time, if the 
ulcer appears of a mellow red the patient may do well; 
but if of a fiery raw excoriated like red colour the patient 
generally dies: blackish crusts or Seals, or hemorrhage 
upon the least scratch are fatal omens. Some had putrid 
ulcers in other parts of the body, without any effection of 
the throat; in a few the soreness of the throat came after 
the other ulcers of the habit The last complaint is of an 
oppression and stricture in the upper part of the chest 
(from the failure of Vis Vitse to carry on the circulation) 
asthmatick breathings, a deep pulmonary hollow hoarse 
cough, ending in a loud strangled countenances & death 
The Swallow continues good to the Last. 

Now we come to the most material part, the Regimen 
& Method of Cure. The Brain and Nerves not being 
affected, and no sickness, was the occasion of that 
fatal mistake of allowing the patients to walk about 
in the open air I visited some of the Country Towns 
to investigate the cause of their great mortalities: I 
found the Country practitioners had no regard to Regi- 
men (which here is chiefly to be attended to but only 
Medicinal adminstrations, which with them were only 
V.S., Catharticks & other [concoctions] which evacuate or 
destroy the vis Vitse : while at the same time they use Spirits 
and other hot driving medicines to expell the malignity 
as they express it, whereby they put nature in a greater 
fuss & confound or exasperated her: in Marblehead where 
the patients were under no regimen, but allowed to use 
plentifully ''Rums, fly's & Punch, and to walk about in the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 199 

free air; Those patients generally died the 4**^ or 5*'^ day 
of Illness: in Maiden where they were more confined, 
but too much evacuative used, they generally died the 
12*'' a 15*^ day, rather of weakness then properly of the 

In this distemper the Oeconomy seems to be so in- 
tenerated for the time that it can bear no excess in vio- 
lence of catching cold, fermented liquors. Fish or Flesh: 
yet on the other hand the natural heat is to be kept up 
with great care therefor the Vis Vitae is not to be impared 
by V. S. & other evacuations unless where some excretive 
quality is principally designed. Catching of any consid- 
erable cold, kills effectually: thus some who were in a 
fair way of getting well, by a Sudden cold received, the 
whole run of the Malignity was to the Lungs and the 
patient dies soon : without catching cold, by being exposed 
to the frost air as if in health therefor keeping a Bed in a 
gentle breathing perspiration is very advisable, many died 
who other ways would have recovered, and in others the 
distemper was on that account protracted. Upon catch- 
ing cold before the Putrid heat was quite gone, several 
relapes (N. B. after a year or two Some Second Seizures 
but with some variation in the symptoms) As in all put- 
rid Heckticks from Ulcers in the Lungs Liver &c Flesh, 
Fish and Spirituous Liquors increase this putrid fast; so 
it was very apparent in this Illness by Killing some, and 
by protracting the distemper to some weeks in others. 

V. S. is not to be used, unless some particular Symp- 
toms do plainly require it. I observed some in this dis- 
temper who would have survived if not repeatedly V. S. 
We all know that V. S. is hurtfull in the Mortifications, 
putrefactions or where the Vis Vitae is much abated. 

Ulcers in any other part of the body were a great re- 
lief to the Throat, hence Blistering relieved many: where 
the oeconomy was mortified or Sphacelated the least scratch 
produced a hemorrhage, and any visication putrified or 
mortified and the patient died. This gave a bad reputa- 
tion of Blistering with the short sighted not considering 
that those Patients must unavoidally have died or suffered 
long under wrong management 

200 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Mercurials especially Calomel or L. D. well levigated, 
were of the greatest use, being particularly specifick in all 
foulness of the habit Mercurials with Camphire prove 
Diapharetic carrying all the virus that way and are in 
some measure succedaneous to our Solutary Boston mil- 
liary emiptions 

Dilution with plenty of tepid small Uquors, has a great 
share in the cure of all putrid disorders, and accordingly 
were of great use here. 

From the hint of Cortex Peru being lately used in Eng^ 
with success in Mortifications, we tried it here but with- 
out any apparent usefullness. 

Proper Gargles by way of Topicks to the Throat, are 
not to be neglected, but the cure of a putrid disorder in 
the Habit, can not consist in gargling only. My 
Service to all friends I am 

Your most humble Serv* 

WiL. Douglass. 
P. S. If you think these in- 
formations may be of any 
benefit to your neighbours, 
you may pubUsh them in any 
manner you see fit. 

Petition of Lauchlin Campbell to Lt. Gov. George Clarke. 

To the Hon''i« George Clarke Esqr Lieut Gov of the 
Province of New York and territories thereon Depending 
in America in Councill 

The humble Petition of Lauchlin Campbell Gent" in 
behalf of himself and Simdry Protestant familes lately 
arrived into this Province of New York from North 

That whereas his late Excellency WiUiam Cosby Esqr 
Capf* Gen^ in Cheif of the said province of New York 
and Seven of the Gen*** of his Majestys Councill for the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. * 201 

said Province in Councill at fort George in said Province 
did issue forth a certain advertisement Notice or procla- 
mation and caused dated the 5th of November 1734 The 
same to be printed setting forth that whereas several! 
Large Tracts of good and profitable Lands within the 
said Province of New York in North America did remain 
uncultivated and unimproved by reason that no grants 
for the same have been made by his present Majesty or 
any of his Royall Predecessors Thereby Inviting and 
giving Notice that if any Person from Europe desirous to 
Settle themselves or familhes and be at the Expense of 
Transporting themselves from thence to New York in 
America Every Such familly should receive his Majestys 
Royall Grant for two hundred Acres of Vacant and un- 
improved Lands and that the said Lands were purchased 
from the Indians for such famillies without any Charge 
or Expence to the Intended Grantees and that they should 
be at Liberty to take up the said Lands in said Proportion 
either in one or More Tracts and by one or more Grants 
as the heads of Such famillies should think proper — Pro- 
vided that from the time such families who shall first 
arrive here and shall aply themselves to the Gov in Coun- 
cill for such Grant or Grants and shall have their Propor- 
tion of the Lands aforesaid laid out to them that then 
such others as shall next arrive should have their share or 
proportions laid out next and adjoining to the first Settle- 
ment made in such Vacant Lands otherwise in such near 
parts adjacent as will afford a Comfortable support to the 
Settlers untill the full quantity of one hundred thousand 
Acres be granted and laid out that the grants to the said 
persons be made without fee or reward except only that 
such settlers are to be at the Charge of Laying out and 
Survejdng the same and to be granted to them under the 
Quitrent of £0.1. 914 SterUng and whereas the said Ad- 
vertisement doth further sett forth that the said Lands 
are near to a Navigable River convenient for Transporta- 
tion of goods to and from a Considerable Town where 
there is a Constant Market for the Sale thereof Reference 
unto the said Publick printed advertisement and the 
Minutes of this Hon^^« board being had, to which your 

202 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Petitioner Doth Refer himself it Doth more fully appear 
and whereas your Petitioner relying on the faith and 
encouragement of this Gov in the said above recited Pub- 
lick Printed Advertisement offered and promised at Sun- 
dry times to witt in August last 1737 Arrived here with 
Sundry Persons and more particularly in 7''" 1738 he 
caused not only his own familly to be transported from 
North Brittain but also Sundry other Persons to the 
Number of 153 and in this last August 1739 he brought 
from the same place into this Province 180 passengers 
among whom are 70 famillies being Protestants and 
whereas your said Petitioner has not only been at great 
Charge and Expence in transporting and bringing into 
this Province the said Persons and famillies but has also 
undergone several Inconveniences and hardships all which 
your Petitioners is ready to verify and prove. 

Therefore your Petitioner most humbly prayeth that 
so much of the Lands in the said Advertisement mentioned 
may be laid out and Surveyd and granted to your Peti- 
tioner as head of the 70 familUes in proportion to their 
Number pursuant agreable to the Condition Savings and 
with the Advantages in the said Advertisement as to your 
Honour by and with the advice of the Gen*"" of his Majestys 
Councill shall seem meet and your Petitioner as in Duty 
bound shall Every Pray 

Lauch Campbell. 
The Petitioner humbly prays 
that Whereas he intends in a 
few Days to Depart this 
New York Nov^ 27 in Province for great Brittain 

the Nineteenth year of his necessary Business call- 

his Majestys reign Anno ing him there humbly prays 

Dom 1739 an Answer to this his Peti- 

tion in a Day or two or as 
soon as conveniently may be 
Lauch Campbell. 
Petition of Lauchlen Campbell 
Nov- 27 1739 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 203 

Joseph Murray to the Equivalent Land Proprietors. 

New York December 20th 1739. 

You May Remember that I did considerable Services 
to the Company concerned in the Equivalent at your 
Request as well in the Suit against Your patent as Other- 
wise for Which have only Received a Retaining fee. 

You know also at your request I Lent you Considerable 
Sums of Money on your Two Bonds Which you Borrowd 
from me on Interest for the use of the Equivalent Com- 
pany and You gave me hopes that not only the Moneys so 
Lent and the Interest due thereon but also my fees 
Should Long Ago have been Gratefully Paid. 

I am Sorry that the Delay Obliges me to remind you of 
this and to request your Appearance at Next Supream 
Court Which will begin on the Third Tuesday of Janu- 
ary next to two Declarations at my Suit against you the 
one in an Action of the Case for my Fees and Services 
done the other in an Action of Debt on your Severall 

I am Gentlemen Your humble Servant 

Jos Murray. 

♦ Cadwallader C olden to [James Alexander 

and William Smith] 


Jan^^ 22d 1739/40. 

In answer to yours of the 31 of last month I must own 
my negligence in not looking more particularly into the 
Accts you mention when I was at New York tho some- 
times M"^ Smith being out of town while I was there & 
other business either prevented my doing it or made me 
forget it. I have no objection to my paying my propor- 
tionable share of the Charges but only to be satisfied 
in the Accts which no doubt you think reasonable I 

204 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

should & which shall be delay'd no longer than the first 
time I come to New York I hope you will not put those 
that are willing to pay to any unnecessary charge by 
Prosecution. I am satisfied of the necessity of proceed- 
ing in Mr Murrays case for the Debt but I am ashamed 
that he should sue for his fees & I wish for that reason 
that his suit for his fees were delay'd a little that we may 
satisfy him in a more generous manner & according to 
the Gratitude we owe him for his Service As to my part 
I shall be far from declining my part of a handsome 
reward & shall likewise do all in my power to forward it 
with others & for that reason I would again desire that 
his action on that case be delay'd some time 
I am 

From William Douglass. 

Boston 12t»^ May 1740. 

I rec^ Your kind letter of the 21«* Jan. last, with the 
information at large concerning the Paper currencies 
of New York and Jersies, which were of Special use to 
that point of our Colonies currencies which I pubhshed 
Soon after, and sent to your Self and M' Alexander 
copies The throat Distemper so called I hope has left 
your parts, having heard nothing concerning it lately 

We are advised that our Province hues with New 
Hampshire is lately determined at home very much to 
our loss. The old Massachusets Colony (I do not include 
Old Plymouth Colony & Province of Main) is reduced 
to the extent of about 42 miles from N to S and 130 
miles from E to W; New Hampshire having obtained 
out of our claim a very large tract of land reaching to 
New York E line and is about 60 miles from N to S its 
N Une 65 miles, its S line about 90 miles 

This comes or is forwarded by my particular good 
friend D' Thomas Moffet Physician. He travels with 
his Unkle Mr Smibert to see the Country and for the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 205 

benefit of his Health. Desiring to hear from you fre- 
quently. I am 

D' S' 

Your most humble Ser* 

WiL. Douglass. 

Cadwallader Golden Esq'' 

From George Clarke. 

New York Decem' the 15th 1740. 

A few Days ago I received a Letter from the Lords 
of Trade, wherein they inform me that a Conmiission 
is to be passed under the Great Seal of Great Britain 
appointing You and Abraham Van Home, Phillip Liv- 
ingston, Archibald Kennedy, and James De Lancey 
Esq^ of this Province: John Hamilton, John Wells, John 
Reading, Cornelius Van Home, and William Provoost 
Esq"^ of the Province of New Jersey; And WiUiam Skene, 
Wilham Sherriff, Henry Cope, Erasmus James PhilUps 
and Otho Hamilton Esq'' of the Province of Nova Scotia, 
Commissioners for marking and sethng the Boundaries 
between the Province of the Massachusets Bay and the 
Colony of Rhode Island Eastward, care being taken that 
private Property should not be effected thereby. And 
pursuant to their Lordships Directions therin signifyed 
to me I inform you that the time and place intended to be 
appointed in the said Commission for the first meeting 
of the Commissioners is to be at the Town of Providence 
within the said Colony of Rhode Island on the first Tues- 
day in April next where you are to be at that time, from 
which day and any future days of Adjourment of said 
Comm" may adjourn to such Time and Times as may 
be most convenient for them. And I do, as I am 
directed, recommend it strongly to you to attend that 

I have acquamted M' Kennedy M' Chief Justice and 

206 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

M' Livingston to attend with you on the part of this 
Province I am 

Sir your most obed* 

Humble Servant 

Geo. Clarke. 


To the Honorable Cadwallader Golden Esq' 
one of his Majestys Gouncil of The Province of 
New York at Goldenham 

George Graham to Mr. Collinson. 

Mr. Collinson. 

It has been found from repeated experiments that this 
Gentlemans Ingenious contrivance of a Quadrant will not 
answer expectation when reduced to practice. The late 
D^ Hook of Gresham College had the same thought above 
70 years ago, which induced Mr. Flamstead to Screw the 
outward Limb of his large Mural Arck of 7^/^ feet radius 
which he made at the observatory at Greenwich in y« 
year 1689. In a little time he found the Screw Work dam- 
maged by wearing to that degree that render'd it less 
exact than the divisions upon the face of the Limb. Of all 
Sorts of Motions there are none that have a greater fric- 
tion than a Screw, it communicates Motion only by slid- 
ing, and whether with or without oil it wears very much 
if any considerable force is upon it, or if it be frequently 
used. It will do very well in the Nature of a Micrometer, 
where the pressure is Small and the Motion of the Male 
or female Screw is in a direct line; but in a circle or Quad- 
rant the radius would by the wearing of the Screws, be 
continually altering. The Quadrants so much and so 
unjustly, commended by Leadbetton are still worse, 
being imperfect from the very Nature of their Construc- 
tion, which consists of a pendulum moving wheelwork to 
enlarge the Scale. Besides the friction of the axis of the 
pendulum in its holes, the wheel work to be moved by the 
pendulum prevents its finding the perpendicular; so that 
by this contrivance when the Index shows you to Seconds 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 207 

of a degree, the pendulum itself may be several minutes 
from the perpendicular. 

If any Instruments should be wanted for taking the 
Latitude, or finding a Meridian and continuing its direc- 
tion to any distance, I know of no person whatever that 
makes them to that degree of exactness as Mr. Sisson 
Mathamatical Instrument Maker in the Strand. If any 
Sort should be desired, if it happens in my time, I should 
very readily give him my opinion with relation to the 
execution of them. If what I have said may afford any 
Satisfaction to your friend it will be a pleasure to 
yours most humble Servant 

Geo: Graham. 
Fleet Street 
Feb. 17 1740/1 



From Peter Collinson 

London, March 5th 1740/1. 
Resp^ Friend 
Doc Golden 

In returning my thanks for your obligeing present {w^ 
I much admire) It gives mee a pretence to Trouble you 
with a few Lines & to enclose M"^ Grayhams opinion of y 
Scheme for a Quadrant his remarks Seeme to mee very 
Rational but as I am not Skilled in those matters shall 
Submitt them to your Better Judgement. 

Wee are in hopes you will oblige the Curious w*'* the 
other ^* of the Histoy of the Five Nations the first gave 
such an Idea of the Nature & Constitutions of them w'^'* 
are very informeing & Entertaining the Second no Doubt 
will Further Illustrate that matter and very possible the 
reader may reape some Benefit from its Delay by Some 
Aditions that you maybe able to make both as to the 
Increase & advantages of trade of Further Discoveries & 
^haps some more peices of Natural Histy Tretises of this 

208 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

kind where they may be rely'd on are much in Request & 
Demand Here — and if you don't choose to print it y self 
there is those In London will Readyly do It and as the 
First part is quite out of print, what if It Suffer a Revisal 
or Aditions & Both come out together that would make 
the Work very compleat — one thing as an Englishman I 
beg leave to add that whilst We are most agreeable In- 
formed of the progress & Increase of Trade no hints may 
be given to the French to our Disadvantage who are Ever 
on the Watch — I Rely on your Candor & Goodness to 
Excuse these Hints — I wish I could otherwise recommend 
myself to y Esteeme then by offering you my Services — 
If I can do you any it will be a Real pleasure 

to y Sincere Friend 


I beg y acceptance of a Small 
Tract on the Yellow Feaver — 
it has been well Received 
here M' Alexander will send 
it to you. 

P. S. 

If an Ingenious Man and a great teacher unto Nature 
Named John Bartram of Pensilvania should wait on you 
please to give him what Information you can on those 
things he may inquire of You, he has been a Considerable 
Traveller in y World and Is employed by a Sett of Noble- 
men & others to Colect Seeds & Curiosities for them — 

y P. c. 


To Doc' Golden 


Cadwallader Colden to Peter Collinson. 

I receiv'd yours of the 5th of March at Providence in 
New England where I now am in Execuition of a Commis- 
sion under the Great Seal to me & others for settUng the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 209 

Boundary Between the Province of Massachusets Bay & 
Colony of Rhode Island. You have been so very kind 
in answering what I desired by M"" Alexander that I think 
it my Duty to acknowledge the obligation without delay 
No doubt your desire to promote any thing that may be 
generally usefuU has made you take the trouble you have 
allready taken & it makes me presume that you will not 
be displeased v/ith my adding more upon the same sub- 
ject. We have but too much reason to be sensible in the 
great Defects of the Geography of North America not 
withstanding that in many cases it must be useful and in 
some necessary to our Ministers to have a true Account 
of our Coasts & of the most considerable plans on it as 
well as our Merchants. The design of my thinking & 
writing on the Composition of a New Kind of Quadrant 
was in order to discover whether one could be made port- 
able & at the same time sufficiently accurate so as that 
any curious Gentleman may as he travels from place to 
place without much trouble correct the Geography of the 
plans through which he passes the usefuUness of the De- 
sign I hope will excuse the (perhaps fruitless) trouble that 
I give you in the pursuit of it. Tho' M"" Graham has 
fully convinced me that the Method by a Screw work will 
not succeed in practise yet what he adds that D' Hook 
& M"" Flams tead had formerly intertain'd the same 
thoughts gives me the vanity to observe that my error is 
not greater than what Gentlemen of Great Judgement in 
those matters have likewise fallen into 

I wrote last Fall to M"- Alexander of the Advantages 
which I thought would arise by dividing a circle by some 
kind of clock work above what the common Quadrants 
or Sextants have in the Common Method of Dividing the 
Limb but that letter came too late to his hands to go by 
the ships to London. I shall desire Mr Alexander to 
forward it to you if in his Judgement it contains any 
thing that deserves to be communicated that tho' I may 
not have hit upon a good method of pursueing that 
design it may give hints where some skillful person may: 
for I have often observ'd that a blundering understanding 
has sometimes given an accedental hint that a Skillfull 

210 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

person has improved to great advantage. I shall in as few 
words as I can add something to this purpose which has 
occurr'd to me since I receiv'd yours It is this let a Brass 
circle of Sufficient Solidity & Diameter be made but that 
towards the limb it be thinn'd off so as to be no thicker 
than the wheel of a Watch & this Umb indented with 
teeth as small as those of a Watch wheel & that proper 
sights be fixed to this limb Now if to this Umb Watch 
work be applied with indexes properly adopted to mark 
the degrees & minutes thus Indented the most minute 
alteration of the position of the circle may be made sensi- 
ble to the eye by the Indexes In this I suppose that 
Artists know or can discover a Mechanical method by 
which the limb of the circle can be equally & accurately 
indented Now Mr. Graham understands every thing of 
this kind so perfectly that I am satisfied he can upon the 
once reading of what I wrote last fall together with this 
hint with great certainty say whether it be practicable 
or not. As my Business has at several times carried me 
over a great part of North America I might have had many 
opportunities of Correcting the Georgraphy of this Coun- 
try with such an Instrument as I propose & some other 
may after this have the Hke I am told that when the 
French Ministers send any officer to Distant Countries 
they furnish him with Instruments for observing accu- 
rately their Scituation tho his Business be of a different 
nature & by that means have obtain'd a knowledge of 
what we are shamefully ignorant I mean of our own 
Colonies in America They thereby prevent us in many 
useful designs & are better Judges of any proposals made 
to them relating to foreign Countries than we can be 
This furnishing of Skillfull persons with the necessary 
Instruments obtains a knowledge to the publick at a 
small expence & yet this expense is often too great for a 
private person who has no greater interest in it than 
satisfying, his curiosity 

You have S' engaged mj^ thoughts on revising the 
History of the Indian Nations a thought which I had 
entirely laid a side by reason that my Business carrying 
me from home allmost three quarters of the year my 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 211 

private affairs necessarly takes up the remainder & the 
distance of my house 90 miles from Albany & 60 from 
New York occassions a considerable difficulty in obtain- 
ing the Materials for such a work however I am resolv'd 
to attempt it again this winter that it may be more useful! 
by being more correct & complete & therby more worthy 
of your acceptance as a Testimony of my desire of making 
any return in my Power for the Frank & obliging trouble 
you have taken for one an absolute stranger to you 

If I have the happiness to see M' Bartram I shall 
cheerfully do him any Service in my power I thank you 
for Dr Warren's book which I hear Mr. Alexander has 
sent to my house from whence I have been absent ever 
since the first of April. The want of leisure at this time 
has made this letter longer & more indistinct than per- 
haps it otherwise would have been pray therefore excuse 
it I conclude I must beg leave to observe that as I take it 
the theory on which I propose these new kind of Quad- 
rants remains undisputed but that the Methods I have 
proposed before this cannot with sufficient certainty be 
reduced to practise as I can see nothing impracticable 
from the nature of the thing I think sufficient skill is only 
wanting to reduce it to practise & therefore I hope to be 
excused in giving these hints for the assistance of those 
that have Skill. I have had so much experience of the 
Difficulty in making accurate astronomical and Geographi- 
cal observations with small instruments that I cannot 
help thinking that the minuteness which the French pre- 
tend to in their late observations in Lapland with a 
Quadrant of two foot radius has more ostentation than 
of reality 


Ruflf Draught of a Letter to Mr Collinson 

212 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Petition of Lauchlin Campbell to Gov. George Clarke. 

To the Hon'"'' George Glark Esq' Lieut Governor & Commander In Ghief 
of the Province of New York and Territories Theron Depending in America 
&c In CouncU 

The Petition of Lauchlan Campbell 
on behalf of himself and 
Humbly Sheweth That pursuant to the Encouragement 
given by his late Excellency WilUam Cosby Esq"" late 
Govenour of this Province and Council And afterwards 
by y* Honour Your Petitioner Lauchlen Campbell at 
very great expence and Hazard did in the year 1738 
Transport himself and familly together with 30 famillys 
more (consisting of 153 person being all protestants from 
North Brittain to this Province 

And in the Month of August in the year 1739 your 
Petitioner Did also (at a very great expence on the afore- 
said encouragement) Transport from North Brittain 
aforesaid to this province 41 famillys more consisting 
of 180 persons who are also protestants. 

That in the month of November last your Petitioner 
at a farther great Expence Did transport and bring unto 
this province from North Brittain aforesaid twelve more 
protestant familys which Consists of 94 persons 

That your Petitioner since his arrival in this Province 
has been at a very great Expence in Supporting many of 
the Persons so by him brought over besides the Charge 
of their Transportation aforesaid 

That Since your Petitioners arrivall here he has not 
obtained any Grant of Lands Either for himself or any 
of the famillys or persons so by him brought Over 

That the Settlement of your Petitioner and famillys 
so by him brought over upon the Lands so proposed to be 
settled by the Late Gov Cosby & y Honour & Council 
will not only Encourage many other Protestant famillys to 
come over and settle there But will also be a good Barier 
and safe Guard to all those already settled in the County 
of Albany and to the whole Province 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 213 

Your Petitioner therefore most humbly prays your 
Honours to grant to your Petitioner and persons by him 
brought over in fee simple his Majesty s letters Patent 
under the Great Seal of this Province for one hundred 
Thousand Acres of Vacant and unpattented Land, in the 
County of Albany proposed to be granted to Protestant 
famillies as aforesaid next Adjoining to the Lands Already 
Petitoned under such Moderate Quittrents Reservations 
and Provisoes as other Lands are usually Granted in this 
Province but free of all other Charges & Expence agreea- 
ble to the aforesaid Encouragement & your Petitioner 
as in Duty bound shall ever Pray y* 


Lauchlin Campbell 2000 

Daniel Campbell 2000 

Geo Campbell 2000 

James Campbell 2000 

Rose Campbell 2000 

Margaret Campble 2000 

Lihe Campble 2000 

James Henderson 2000 

John Mclver 2000 

Anthony Duane 2000 

John Nickoll 2000 

Peter v Brugh Livingston 2000 

Robert Livingston Jun' 2000 

John Grusbeck^ 2000 
Thomas Bohanna [Buchanan] 2000 

Neil Campbell- 2000 

Edward Graham 2000 

Lauchlan McLean 2000 

John McCunnell 2000 

Duncan M^Collum 2000 

Alex^ Campbell 2000 

Arch'^ M^Eowen 2000 

Mallcollum McEowen 2000 

Alex' Campbell 2000 

^Probably the Gaelic compound word "Gunnish beach" meaning a man 
with a ghostly appearance. This would conform with a common High- 
land custom. 

214 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Patrick Green 


W"^ Adair 


Alex"^ Mountgomerie- 
Ronald M«Dougald 
Duncan Campbell 
Robert Fraser 


Charles M^Kellare 


Archd McKellare 


Archd Johnston 


John Shaw 


Donald Shaw 


Aich^ M<=Dowgald 
John Smith 


Malcolm Smith 


Donald M" Cloud 


Arch^ M^Duffie 


James Nutt 


Alex' Graham 


Duncan Gilchrist 


Alex' M<=Naught 
James Campble 
Alex' Gillis 1 


Duncan Taylor V 
James Gillis J 


Patrick M«Ai-thur 


Neil M ''Arthur 


Duncan [&] Alex' M^arthurs 
Duncan M^Dougald 
Allan M^Dougald 
Donald M'^Mullen 





John Porter 


John M'^Quarie 
Patrick Anderson 


Hugh McDouglad 
Mallcollum M-'Duffie 



Duncan Reede 



Petition of Lauchlin Camp- 
bell for Grant of Lands Aprili 
15 1741 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 215 

Petition of Lauchlin Campbell to Lt. Gov. George Clarke, 

To the Hon''^® George Clarke Esqr his Majestys 
Lieut Governor and Commander in Cheif of the 
Province of New York and Territories thereon De- 
pending in America &c In Council 

The Petition of Lauchlan Campbell in behalf of himself 
& Several Others whose Names are hereafter mentioned. 
Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas your Petitioner has already at Three 
Several times brought over Eighty Three Families Con- 
sisting in the whole of four hundred & twenty Eight Per- 
sons, most of which are now in this Province besides some 
Children who are bound out for a time, few exceeding 
five years. 

That your Petitioner and y« said Families & Persons 
as well as Several others who are ready to come over are 
willing and desirous to Settle themselves in this Province 
And your Petitioner having been inform' d that there is a 
Certain Tract of Land in the County of Albany contain- 
ing about one hundred thousand Acres of Vacant and 
unpatented lands next Adjoining to the Lands already 

Therefore most humbly prays your Honours to 
grant to your Petitioner and the Rest of the Persons 
concerned with him his Majestys Letters Patent 
for the Tract of Land aforesaid under Such moder- 
ate Quittrents Reservations and Provisoes, as other 
lands are granted in this Province so that the 
whole Charge and Expence of Surveying &c do 
not Exceed thirty Shillings ^r thousand Acres See- 
ing his Excellency the Governor has been pleased 
to forgive his part of the said fees and Expences 
upon your Petitioners giving Satisfactory assurance 
that they will imediately, and from time to time 
within Seven years after passing of the Grant enter 
upon and Settle the Said Lands, and your Petitioner 
as in Duty bound shall ever Pray &c 

216 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Lauchlan Campbell 


Donald Campbell 


George Campbell 


James Campbell 


Rose Campbell 


Margaret Campbell 


Lillie Campbell 


Duncan Campbell 


W- Campbell 


Arch<* Campbell 


John Campbell 


W"" Campbell Sen' 


Alex' Campbell 


Mm-dock Hamuli 


Duncan Campbell 


Neil Campbell 


Edward Graham 


Lauchlan McLean 


John M^Cunnell 


Alex' Campbell Merch 


Arch<^ M'^Eowen 


Malcollum M<=Eowen 


Alex' Campbell Joiner 


Duncan MCollum 


Patrick Green 


W*" Adair 


Alex' Montgomery 


Ranald M-'Dougald 


Duncan roy Campbell 


Robert & Charles Erasers 


Duncan M^Dougald 


Robert M "Alpine 


Allan M^Dougald 


Donald M ''Mullen 


Charles Mc Kellar 


Archibald M«Kellar 


Archibald Johnson 


John Shaw 


Donald Shaw 


THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 217 

Archibald Mc Dowgald 


John Smith 


Malcollum Smith 


Archibald M-'Duffie 


Donald M'^Land 


James Nutt 


Alex"- Graham 


Duncan Gilchrist 


Alex' M ''Naught 


James Campble Sen'' 


Alex' Gilhs ) 

Duncan Taylor - 


James GilUs 

Patrick M^Arthur 


Neil M "Arthur 


Duncan & Alex' M ''Arthurs 


John M-'Quarie 


Patrick Anderson 


Malcollum M=Dufl5e 



i'et" of Lauchlin Campbell 

for 100,000 Acres of T,R,Tid 


22<i AprU 1741 Indorsed on 

back side Petition 

To the Honourable George Clarke Esq his Majes- 
ties Lieuten* Governour and Commander in Cheif 
of the Province of New York and the Territories 
thereon depending in America &c 
The humble Petition of Lauchlan Campbell Gentleman 

That your Petitioner upon the Encouragement of this 
Government hath at a very Considerable Charge and 
Expence to himself lately Imported into this Province 
forty heads of Famillys from North Brittain in order to 
Settle upon Cultivate and Improve some of the Vacant 
and impatented lands within the same That your Peti- 
tioner is informed that there is now vested in the Crown 
a Certain Tract of Land at or near the Wood Creek in the 
County of Albany The Peopling & setthng of which part 
of the Country Your Petitioner most humbly conceives, 

218 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

and is informed will be of great Advantage to the Province 
in General by Strengthening Securing and Enlargeing 
not only its frontiers but its Trade And as your Petitioner 
hath on the Encouragement of this Goverment brought 
Such a Considerable Number of Heads of Famillies into 
this Province in order to settle and Improve these remote 
parts of it. 

Your Petitioner therefore most humbly prays 
your Honour will be favourably pleased to grant 
your Petitioner & to such Persons as he shall name 
to be Inserted in said Grant the Quantity of thirty 
thousand Acres of the Lands so as aforesaid vested 
in the Crown And that under such Quitrents Pro- 
visoes Limitations & Conditions and in such Man- 
ner as to your Honour shall seem fit 
And your Petitioner as in 
Duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Lauch: Campbell. 


Pet' of Lauchlin Campbell for 30,000» 

at the Wood Creek vested in y« Crown 

22<» April 1741. 
Com"' of Council 

Petition of Lauchlan Campbell. 

1) The Situation of the 100,000'^ Acres prayed for 
Should be assertained & Set forth in the Petition 
& wether it Hes in one or more parcells 

2) It is not Set forth in the Petition wether the lands 
are vested in the Crown And the Comittee know 
of no such Tract containing the Quantity of 
100,000 •* Acres that is vested in the Crown and 
are of the Opinion 

3) That the Petition sho^ be for Lycense to pur- 
chase of the Indians 

4thly Before the Com" can advise your Honour to 
Grant him such Lycense of purchase for 100,000 «* 
or any other quantity of Lands they think it 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 219 

necessary That they sho^ see some Agreement 
Signed by the Several Persons who propose to 
Settle the Lands to be Granted & that they sho<* 
be informed of the Number of Persons in each 
familly as they think it advisable to grant to each 
person in a familly the Quantity of 50^ only 

5thly That when the Petitioner gives in a List of the 
fisons Names & the Particular Heads in their 
famillys the Comittee do think it necessary That 
they sho<^ be called before them & examined 
touching their proposalls for Settling That the 
Comittee may be Satisfied as to the Reality of 
their Intentions for makeing such Settlement And 
that the Grant be made to them respectively in 
the proportions before mentioned 

6thly That the Comittee wo ^ Expect that the Petitioner 
sho'^ preserve this method upon any new Petition 
he was Sufficiently informed during the Course 
of his Examination before them upon his last 
Petition and are therefore surprised to find that 
he has not acted conformable thereto 

Lastly That as to that part of the prayer of the Petitioner 
w^ desires the whole Expence of Surveying &c 
do not exceed 30/ ^' thousand The Comittee 
Observe That they have nothing to do w*^ hmit' 
or giving away Officers fees. If they think the 
Petioner deserves any Such favour at their Hands 
no doubt they are at Liberty to do as they please 
in that Respect. But the Comittee cannot but 
observe That the Petitioners behaviour in the 
like applications has seemed to them so un- 
acountable & Disatisfactory That they are al- 
together at a loss how to make any tolerable Con- 
struction of it in his favour 


A Copy of a rough Draft in Mr Hor- 
mandens hand Writting of a Report 
of Comittee on Lauchlan Campbell's 
Petition Arpl 22'i 1741 but wether 
enter"* in the Minutes of Councill in 
the very words or not have not had 
an op'y to examine 

220 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

The Report of the Comittee to whom the Petition of 
Lauchhn Campbell was referred 

In Pursuance of an order of Councill referring to us 
the Petition of Laughlin Campbell the Comittee having 
read & considered thereof proceeded to examine the 
Petitioner as to the first allegation of his Petition who 
did Confess that from North Brittain he arrived first 
in the Year 1737 in Pensilvania, where upon inquiring 
Concerning the Terms on which he could obtain grants 
of Lands in that Province he found that they were rated 
at £15 ^' hundred besides officers fees for the Grant & 
Quitrent &c That then in the same year he came to this 
Province to make Inquiry concerning the Terms on which 
he could get Lands granted here And on discoursing 
thereupon with the Gov & Survey Genl he was — in- 
formed 100,000 Acres Advertised in the time of the Late 
Gov' Cosby to be granted to any Protestants that should 
come over to Settle in pursance of that Advertisement and 
Encouragement therein were then Already Granted But 
that they would engage that the Petitioner should have 
lands granted here at the rate of £3 ^"^ hundred In- 
clusive of the Charges of Indian Purchase Survey & 
all officers fees and other Expences 

The Petitioner did likewise further Confess that 
after this he took a Journey to Maryland to Inquire 
upon what Terms he could Obtain Grants of Lands in 
that Province 

But at last did Determine to Transport A Number of 
Familys into this Province upon the Encouragement of 
the foregoing Discourse with the Gov & Survey' Genl 
Accordingly in the Year 1738 he brought Over thirty 
families Whereupon The Proposalls in a Printed paper 
produced to the said Comittee whereof a true Copy 
is hereunto Annexed were made to the Petitioner by 
his Honour the present Gov 

The Petitioner did likewise further Confess that 
after his Said Arrivall he was offered a Grant of 19000 
Acres free of all fees except Survey and Quitrent which 
the Comittee find« the Petitioner neglected to take 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 221 

That afterwards he returned to Europe and in Aug* 
1739 brought over forty one famillys more (as in 2^ sug- 
gestion in his Petition) Severall of which have left him 
without paying their passage that some have paid, But 
that all the said Famillys were bound for the payement 

It appears to this Comittee that on the 17th Oct"" 1738 
a Petition from Alex"^ Montgomerie, Alexander Macnaught 
Peter McArthur & Daniel Carmiehell in behalf of them- 
selves and 26 other Heads of Familyes Praying 17200 
Acres of Land, Also a Petition from John McNeal for 1000 
Acres of Land and a Petition from Ronald Campbell for 
1000 Acres (the said Petitioners being all of them per- 
sons brought over by the said Campbell) were presented 
in Councill and the Councill advised the Granting the 
Prayer thereof But the Petitioners neglected to pro- 
ceed further thereon Since which time it does not ap- 
pear to this Comittee that any further Application has 
been made by the Petitioner or any Persons brought over 
by him to the Governour and Councill on such Account 

The Comittee observe that in the List Annexed to this 
Petition there are Inserted the Names of Several Persons 
for 2000 Acres each whom this Comittee well know to 
have resided long in this Province before the Petitioner 
ever transported any Person hither or can himself into 
this Province The Comittee observe further that in the 
said List annexed to the said Petition that there are 34 
persons nominated for 2000 Acres Each and 23 persons 
for 1000 Acres Each and only one for 500 Acres Whereas 
as this Comittee conceives it was the Intention of the 
Government to Grant to each family at the Rate of about 
50 Acres for each person therein. 

Upon the whole it is the Opinion of the Comitee that 
the Allegations in the said Petition contained with regard 
to any Expectation concerning the 100000 'i Acres adver- 
tised in Governour Cosbys time or with Respect to any 
Discouragement that the Petitioner, or any Others 
brought from North Brittain hither, have received from 
the Government are false and Groundless However that 
when proper Aplication shall be made to the Government 

222 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

by the Petitioner or the persons alheady brought over 
or that shall hereafter be brought over by him all Due 
encouragement should be given to their Settlement in 
this Province upon their giving Satisfactory Assurance 
that they will Imediately after a Grant passed enter upon 
and Settle the Lands 

All which is humbly Submitted 
by order of the Comittee 
New York Danl Horsmanden Chairman. 

18th Aprl 1741 

Encouragement Given for People to Remove and 
Settle in the Province of New York America 

The Hon^'« George Clarke Esq L* Gov & Comander 
in Cheif of the Province of New York Hath upon the 
Petition of Mr LanchUne Campbell from Isle North 
Brittain promised to grant him thirty thousand Acres 
of Land at the Wood Creek free of all Charges excepting 
the Survey & the Kings Quitrent which is about one 
Shilling and Nine Pence farthing Sterling for each hun- 
dred Acres AND ALSO to grant to thirty famillys already 
Landed here Lands in proportion to Each familly from 
five hundred Acres unto one hundred and fifty only pay- 
ing the Survey and the Kings Quitrent And all Protestants 
that Incline to come and Settle in this Colony may have 
Lands — granted them from the Crown for three pounds 
Sterling per hundred Acres and paying the yearly Quitrent 

George Clarke. 
Dated in New York this 
11 Day of December 1738 


Report of the Comittee to whom the 
Petition of Laughlin Campbell was 
referred 18 Aprl 1741 
Com" Sat 15 April 1741 

Cadwallader Golden to Mrs. Golden. 

My Dear 

I wrote to Betty by the first post after I arrv'd at 
Newport & to you by the last post from Boston Last 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 223 

night I had the pleasure of yours & Cad's of the 4th of 
this month with one of the 7th on the same paper from 
Betty I was become anxious to hear from you which 
was very agreably removed by the receipt of yours 
Tho' your Ancle be so easy I would advise you to use the 
Tinct: Polychrist. I can likewise give you the pleasure 
of assuring you that I have not of many years had my 
health better than at present. Pray take all the care 
you can of your health that we may have a joyful 
meeting Tell Cad that I do not think it advisable to 
bum the Hassocks because the fire will destroy the 
grass round them & and I would try to rot them & turn 
them dung. Tho' I have wrote to Cad before I receiv'd 
yours I would have you again assure him that I am much 
pleas'd with his Diligence You may assure your self I 
shall not be longer from you than I cannot avoid being 
The Chief Justice is here he behaves to me like a kind 
relation. My Duty to my Aunt Remember me affect- 
ionately to our Children to Coll Mathews Mr Clintone 
Mr Markham & our Neighbours as you see them I am 
Your most affectionate 

Cadwallader Colden. 
May 22^1741 

This goes by Capt° Riggs inclos'd to 
our Son in law 


To Mrs Golden 

at Goldenghame 

From Philip Livingston. 

Albany 25 July 1741. 

I hope you arrivd safe home and found y good family 
in ^fect health to whom please to make my Services ac- 

I make no doubt but you have been mindfuU to make 
y^ Return to y^ Gov for y« land below Lindesays accor- 

224 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

ing your Promise, it seems dispatch at this time is nec- 
essary, wherefore hope it may meet with no delay. 

The bearer Cap* Winne has y^ Survey for the 2000 
Acres of land at Burnetsfield, the Islands I desire you will 
be pleased to add in the Return, you are to make for y« 
allowance as usuall or if that should happen to be too 
much y" to take it off at the north end of y« largest 
tract. I am told that there is ab* 6 a 700 Acres of Land 
more that may be of use for me at s'* place which I hope 
you will be so good to make Return of for the Twenty 
pistols which Cap* Winne has promist to pay you for me 
for this Return I would be glad you could send it ^ him 
if not direct it to my Son John who I write to solicite 
for y^ Patent. I Expect my Sons Rob* & Peter with their 
wives & Children at y^ mannor my works go on with 
Speed I am in great Expectation to meet with success 
having exceeding good prospects to Suceed I find the 
Charge will be much larger y° I imagined tho' hope to 
rubb through to Reape the Sweat of my Labom-s. My 
wife joins with me in our Regards to you & good family 
& am 

Your Most Humble Servant 

Ph. Livingston. 
M' Shirly has wrote me for 4 Coach 
horses but have not heard yet y* his 
Commission is come over 

To the hon'''' Cadw: Golden Esq' 

From Daniel Horsmanden 

From on Board Admiral Winne near the 
Mouth of the Highlands 

August the 7th 174L 
Dear Sir 

After a long cessation of Corespondence I take the 
Liberty of resuming the pen, partly with design of Ap- 
pologizing & also not without view of provoak* you to 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 225 

renew the Combat, w<=^ may be engag'd in with honour 
without Loss of Blood. Ever Since the fire at the Fort 
w''^ was on the 18''^ March I've been engag'd in perpetual 
hurry, insomuch that I've been forced to dedicate part 
of my resting time to the pubhck Service in presenting 
an Enquiry into y^ rise & occasion of Our Late Disorders 
in the City of New York, but I think the Labour be- 
stowed has not been in Vain; for tho' the Mystery of 
Iniquity has been unfolding by very Smal & Slow Degrees, 
it has at length been discovered that popery was at the 
Bottom, & the Old proverb has herein also been verifyed 
That there is Scarce a plot but a priest is at the Bottom 
of it, or as the like pert priest (Ury) said upon his Defence 
at his Trial (tho Sarcastically) "according to the vogue 
of the World where there is a plot, the first & last Link 
are usually fastened to the priests — "girdle;" but he 
must excuse us in his case, if the last Link be fastened 
to his Neck, for he is Convicted as one of the Principal 
Conspirators, & is Condemmed to be hanged on next 
Saturday Sev'night. 

He appears to have been a principal promoter & 
encourager of this most horrible & Detestable piece of 
Villany a Scheme w^^ must have been brooded in a Con- 
clave of Devils, & hatcht in the Cabinet of Hell; so 
bloody & Destructive a Conspiracy was this, that had 
not the mercifull hand of providence interposed & Con- 
founded their Divices, in one & the Same night the In- 
habitants would have been butcher'd in their houses, by 
their own Slaves, & the City laid in ashes; & this was to 
be perpetrated under the Obhgation of an infamous Oath 
amimistred to the Conspirators, (Most Negroes, & Some 
Soldiers & other Whites, the more's the Shame,) by 
Jn° Hughson, now in Chains, & this Ury the priest, by 
whose craft they were perverted, and in expectation of 
a (fools) paradize. Baptized into the most holy Roman 
Catholick Faith, & under Colour of Absolution & pardon 
of Sins, past present & to come; & while they were go- 
ing to Sacrifice to the Devil were made to believe by 
distroying of Hereticks they would do God good Service. 
Tantum Religio Potuit Luadere malorum! 

226 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

And tho' we have been So Successful! in prying into 
this Scene of Darkness & horror As to bring to Light near 
90 Negroes & I think about a Dozen Whites Engaged 
to be actors in this black Tragedy, of the former whereof 
30 odd have been executed, & this priest makes the 
4th White, And tho' the Town were well pleas'd with the 
first fruits of Our Labours & inflicting the deserved pun- 
ishment on the Offenders. Yet when it comes home to 
their own houses, & is hke to affect their own propertys 
in Negroes & Cosinship in others; then they are alarm'd 
& they cry out the Witness must needs be perjured; & 
so we come under a Necessity of making a Sort of Stand, 
for the present, & it is almost incredible to Say, that great 
pains has been taken by Some amoung us, to bring a 
discredit upon Mary Burton the Original Witness, whom 
providence one would think had designed for the happy 
Instrument of all this Discovery & whose Testimony 
has been confirmed by Several Negroes in Flames who 
obstnately denyed their guilt til they came to the Stake 
to be burnt. So Soon have her Services been forgotten! 
& a stop affected to be put to her doing any further! 

As to the characters of other witnesses who have been 
Accomplices in this wickedness designed against us, 
what can be expected to be said for them they are Such 
as the Wisdom of the Law allows to be Legal & Good 
Evidences & that from the Necessity of the thing. For 
how can a Discovery of Such works of Darkness be ex- 
pected but from some of the Confederates y^selves; & 
if the witnesses are kept apart & Examined apart as most 
of them have been in both Instances upon most if not all 
the Trials, & their respective Testimonys Tally & agree, 
what better Evidence can be desired or expected? 

And tho' Mary Burton has from the begining been 
an unwilhng witness thro' the Terror of having her life 
threatned both by Blacks, & Whites, & tho' she has 
declared from the begining. That should She tell all she 
knew that people would not believe her; And tho' 
She has been prevailed upon after being threatned to be 
imprisoned upon her Standing mute & Obstinately re- 
fusing to name any names tho' She confess'd She knew 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 227 

more; Yet, when She did name them we could not but 
be Shockt, the persons mentioned being beyond Suspition; 
& the Consequence followed, that great Clamor has 
thence been raised against her & now, by Some, She must 
be esteemed a person of no Credit: I do think her Case 
is attended with Singular hardships, & at the sametime, 
the things She Says, cannot but Stagger ones belief in 
Some measures; but I must observe, this is not the First 
time her Examinations have had th* Effect upon me, but 
Several times, from my first taking her in hand, yet til 
now, every thing that has come from her, has in the 
Event been confirmed; but here must be a Suspension 
of Credit for a while, & time only can clear the matter up : 
I must own I'm glad I've got an Opportunity of a little 
Relaxation from this intricate pm-suit, tho' at the same 
time from the length of my Letter you may take occasion 
to imagine I'm not quite tired of it, but if my design of 
this imperfect narrative by way of Amusement may be 
thought to answer that Intention, it will at the Same 
time in some measure Appologize for Former Defects & 
also vindicate my Sincerity. 

And now 'tis almost time to release you; but a few 
words more & I have done. 

Peter Winne desires me to informe you That as to the 
Land at Anthonys Nose, he forgot to carry down the 
Indian Deed with him, for want whereof he could not get 
the Certificate w"^ he was to send to you, but he'll Send 
the Deed down by the return of the Vessell, in hopes you 
will Soon be at York & that the Gov' may See it & the 
Business be forwarded. 

And as to Sakendagah Affair the Gov' said that 
could not be proceeded in 'til he was informed of all the 
names in the petition w'''' he was not able to do by 
memory I am 

Dear Sir 
Your most Affectionate Fr & 

humble Serv* 
Dan Horsmanden. 
My humble Service to Mrs Colden 
& all the Family. 

228 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

I hear you are returing Soon 
upon the Business of The 
Commission to Connecticut, 
so I'm afraid I shall not have 
the pleasure of seeing yo 'til 
after your Returne being go- 
ing to Albany upon a Com- 
mission of Goal Delivery, I 
hope to be down in less than 
three weeks. 

A New Gov I presume is 
no News to Y° 

To the Hon'''* Cadwallader 
Colden Esq' 


The Hon'''" Cadwalladee Golden Esq' 
at Coldengham 

From James Alexander. 

New York Nov^ 16 1741. 

I wrote to you Some days agoe, in order to be sent 
by your Son, who has not called for it as yet, which gives 
me this opportunity to write further 

I remember that Some years agoe you told me that 
Some certain person who Lived not far from your fathers 
in Scotland, was intitled to half of a propriety (as you im- 
agined) of East Jersey & I think you Said you had also 
Seen the deeds 

As there are Several Shares of property thereof 
whereof the owners are not known here, that possibly 
may be one of them, which has not been represented by 
any body in this Country these fourty or fifty years, and 
as the proprietors here are about to make Compleat 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 229 

Divisions of all the undivided Lands, of which Some 
years agoe they pubhshed advertisements in many of the 
British news papers, in order that all concerned might 
come & assist in the partition or appoint attorneys to 
represent them for that purpose, for that if they neglected 
So to Do, they were to blame themselves, if only the 
worst Lands were at last Left for their Shares 

Now as that may happen to be the case with that 
Share of propriety, by which it may come to be of very 
little value Seeing theres above 100,000 acres in East 
jersey, the value whereof will hardly pay for the Sur- 
veying, it will in you be a kind act to the owners of that 
Share of propriety to acquaint them of this their danger, 
in order that they may Either come themselves or ap- 
point Some person or persons to Lay out their Shares & 
to Enable the person so to do, by Either remitting to him 
Effects or authourzing him to draw bills of Exa° for the 
Charge of doing it, which will be pretty Considerable. 

But if they incUne to Sell it, & can make a good title 
to it, I shall be wiUing to become a purchaser thereof, 
and as Such affairs are in my way and can probably 
make more of it than any body I will be willing to go so 
far as £300 Sterling for half a propriety or l/24th part 
of £600 for a whole l/24th part which is a higher price 
than I beUeve was ever given for Such a Share of pro- 
priety upon which no Lands had before been Located 
but upon Condition that the bargain be Compleated, 
& the Conveyances here within two years from hence 
forth for if I can't have them by that time, there's but 
little good Land will fall to that Share of propriety 

Now in order that I may know whether they can 
make a good title it will be proper that they Send you 
over an account or brief of the title Setting forth of 
every deed, the names of the persons granting & to 
whom granted, the dates, the share of propriety therby 
granted, the names of the person or persons now having 
title thereto & whether they have it by heirship or how 
otherways, if it be a married woman, then what her 
husbands name as well as hers. 

Now Sir if you'll take the trouble of writting to the 

230 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

people to this purpose, it may be of great Service to 
them, & possibly Some to me, and at least I will take 
it as a particular favour, you may also direct them to 
inclose there answer to you in a blank Sheet directed to 
me, & Send it by the Post up to London to the Care of 
Mess" Rodregs Pacheco & Benjamin Tavarez & by 
that means it will come safe to you — ^We Expect Bryant 
Dayly in, Farmar talks of Sailing in 3 weeks & Bryant I 
hope may Sail Soon after what may be good opportu- 
nities for Sending your letter — I am 
Your most humble Serv* 

Ja. Alexander. 
P. S. 

below is a Memorandum of Some of 
the Lands D^ by Burnett Ex" to Wm 
Brown which I am afraid are worth 
nothing — if you think otherwise I 
should be glad of your advice & as- 
sistance, & where they Uve &c 

No 3 R. Kirklands bond penalty £7 4 date 28 Sep' 1730 
Condition payable May 1"* £3 12 

No 4 Dan Macklesters penalty £8 16 date 28 Augt 1730 
Cond"^ May 1"* 1731 4 8 

7 John Bayards note pay" 1 May 1731 for 12 

8 Wm Wards D° date & payll 9 6 


To Cadwalldek Golden 

at Goldengham 

Cadwallader Golden to John Swinton, 
[Unaddressed Copy] 

Dec 15*»> 1741. 

No doubt you remember that Several years since 
you wrote to me about some Lands you thought you 
had a right to in New Jersey I then advised with M' 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 231 

Alexander a considerable Lawyer likewise a Proprietor 
of New Jersey & Surveyor General of the lands there 
as the person most capable to inform you of what you 
desir'd & soon after wrote his opinion to you But I have 
now forgot the particulars I lately receiv'd a letter from 
M"" Alexander (for I now Hve in the Country) wherein 
he puts me in mind of my having consulted him formerly 
on your affair but had forgot every particular & tells me 
that the Proprietors of New Jersey being resolved pur- 
suant to several Notices they had given in the Enghsh 
News papers to come to an entire partition of all the 
lands of East New Jersey if there were not some person 
impower'd to appear for you your share might be of 
little or no value by the worst of the lands (mountains 
or barrens) being left by the others for you & others 
who have not agents to appear for them That your agent 
be impower'd to draw Bills of Exchange for the Expence 
of the Partition which will be pretty considerable. 

At the same time he inform'd me that if you in- 
cUned to sell he is willing to purchase if you can make 
a good title & offers £300 SterUne for a half propriety or 
£600 Sterhne for a whole propriety or 1/24*'' part which 
he says is a higher price than any hitherto given but as 
this lies more in his way than in anothers he can afford 
to give more but it was upon that condition that the 
Bargain he compleated & the Conveyances here within 
two years He desir'd me therefor to write to you to send the 
detail of your Title for he had entirely forgot the par- 
ticulars for answer to his I sent him your letter in which 
your title is particularly enough set forth & in return to 
that I receiv'd the inclosed letter M' Alexander is a 
man of very considerable Estate & great honour with 
whom you may safely deal If I can serve you I shall 
very cheerfully do it in any thing & if you think proper 
to write to me on this affair please to direct yours for me 
under cover directed to James Alexander Esq at New 
York to the care of Mess" Rodrigo Pacheco & Benja- 
min Tavarez Merchants in London It may be sent by 
the Post to them & they will take care to forward it to 
New York. My Wife & I will be exceedingly pleased 

232 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

to have a particular account of the prosperity of your 
family & of your Brothers & Sisters & my wife desires 
to be affectionately remember'd to your Sister Mrs 
Vitch By some misfortune I have not heard from my 
brother in two years please to inform me of him My 
family is in good health. 

From James Alexander and William Smith. 

New York Dec 1741. 

We are in hopes that at Some of the times your- 
self proposed for setling what was due from you towards 
paying the Debts Contracted by us & others for the nec- 
essary uses of the Equivalent Company that you would 
have setled the same and paid or given your bond for 
what was Justly Due that we might have part of in pay- 
ment to Some of these Creditors — M"^ Murray has 
Judgment against us for Some of Whats so due & Actions 
are now bringing by other Creditors Whom we cannot 
blame for so doing Seeing its Betwixt Six & nine Years 
Since the Contracting those Debts which is much too 
long to let money lye on Interest without Receiving 
Interest, & its only upon our promise of paying Mr 
Murray Interest for his Interest at Reasonable times 
that we could or Did Ask of him a Delay of Execution 
against us — Now Sir we have often told you and you well 
know that M' Kennedy & Coll Matthews Depend upon 
what you do and that we cannot without the Greatest 
Reluctance & necessity take process against either 
of you and to take the process agreed on by the 
Articles of Agreement Against the Rest and not ag* you 
will be said to look like partiaUty Wherefore we Begg 
you to Consider That this our regard for you Kennedy 
& Matthews tyes our hands from taking the legal Course 
which we Could Otherwise take for relieving ourselves 
from these Judgments and suits Against us, And as now 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 233 

the fourth Year is almost at an End Since the Accounts 
were Setled and those moneys should have been paid 
According to the Articles of Agreement not withstand- 
ing reiterated Letters to Every Debtor we find, we 
must Either pay three or four Hundred pounds out of 
our pocketts or take the Steps the Law Allows Against 
the Debtors and which had it not been for the Reason 
before we should three Years Ago have done And are 
Resolved this Winter to do upon your answer to this 
or a Reasonable time & opportunity of Answer, & if the 
Charge be Heavy we can't help it, for an End we are 
Resolved to have of it 

Inclosed is your Account Stated according to the 
Articles of Agreement with Interest to the first of this 
Month and Inclosed is also a bond for you to Execute 
for the Sum thereof payable at any time in a year with 
Interest from the first Instant which we beg you to 
Execute and to Send us that we may say you have paid 
what was Due from you; Inclosed also you have Coll 
Matthews Account and a bond for the ballance in like 
manner Which we beg also that you would lay before 
him with a Sight of this Letter and to Request him to 
Execute it and Send it Down 

And that neither of you may have any Reasonable 
Objection to this we do promise to you both that the 
Accounts Setled according to the Articles of Agreement 
shall be open to you when you please or Either of you 
that if any Just Objection you have to any part of 
them we will do as far as in us lyes whats Just and Reason- 
able and if you and we cannot Agree the Objection we 
shall be willing to referr it to Arbitration, or if we cant 
Agree on Arbitraitors Will trye the points in difference 
at Law And hereby promise you to Repay all that by 
Either of these ways shall be found to be too much in 
your respective hands with Interest provided that with 
in a year you do whats Reasonable on your part toward 
Determining the matter If this our Reasonable Re- 
quest you and Coll Matthews will comply With we 
make Little Doubt of Compelling Every Other person 
in a Very Short time to pay what they Justly Owe with 

234 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Costs, to make up for the Costs we have been already or 
shall be put to by the Actions against us. 

But if you will not Comply with this our Request we 
hope after the pains we have taken to Avoid Law Suits 
we cannot Justly be blamed for Commenceing them in 
Jan^ next when we have time to think of this matter 
& for Laying Down to ourselves the Steps we are to 
take which if we should Delay longer doing our other 
Affairs will soon after that be pressing all our Attention 
and occasion another Years Delay of Commenceing the 
Suits We are 

Ja. Alexander. 

W™ Smith. 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

Att Coldingham 

Day Book 

11 Cadwallader Colden 


17 To his Quota 

£32 8 6 

P' Contra C' 

6 By William Smith 

8 03^ 

12 By James Brown 

4 00 

12 0% 
ByBall«Due 20 8 5H 

To Above Ballance 

To Interest of £12 8 53^ To Dec' P* 

1736 -19 
To his Quota of Excess of N° 79 35 acres 
To Interest of Ballance 12 8 5^ To 

Dec' l^t 1737 
















THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 235 

P' Contra C' 

29 By W°^ Smith Cash pd him 8 

By W"" Smith for Excess of his Charge 
of patent as Appears by his acco* of that 
£ 5, and 10 viz 1/4 34 & 26/3^ 

Ballance due by Colden on 1«* Quota 

£25 2 43^ 

1 7 


9 7 
15 14 



To prop" Ridgefield Deficiency 23 
To 2<i Quota 26 

To Brown and Ridgfield more on 
his Quota in Ridgfield 2 

To Ridgfield 2^ Quota 23 

P^ Contra 

25 By Prop" for 1/3 Expences of Messen- 

ger to Norwalk £20 — 

26 By Prop" for Cash p^ Sec*y» 

Office £ 3 10 6 

For his Trouble ab* Excep- 
tions & Answer 10 - - 

Ballance Due on 2'' Quota 

2 5 
53 3 



55 9 



1 12 
- 11 

2 12 



4 16 





£13 10 6 

14 7 
41 1 


£55 9 


236 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

1737 D' 

Dec 1"* To the Totall then due by D' Col- 
den £61 12 5% 61 12 5 
To 4 years Interest thereof pursuant 
to Articles 19 14 S}i 

£81 6 9 

Ballance 1"* Quota £15 14 S}^ 

2d D° 41 1 11^ 

Ridgfield 4 16 9% 

£61 12 5% 

Cadwallader C olden to James Alexander, 

COLDENGHAM Dec 14th 1741. 
Dear S' 

I have just recev'd your letters & as my Son tells 
me that the Vessel which brought them goes away to 
morrow morning & the weather not hkely to suffer a 
delay I have had little time to write the inclosed to M' 
Swinton if any thing be omitted you may add it by way 
of postscript or otherwise. If the weather permit I in- 
tend to wait on Coll Mathews tomorrow with the letter 
directed to him but it is very uncertain when an answer 
can be sent as you & M' Smith desire If I live & nothing 
happen that I do not foresee I shall be down early in the 
Spring. My neglect in this affair till last spring I cannot 
well excuse but since that time my absence in New 
England & the sickness in my family & Contageous dis- 
temper in the Neighbourhood I hope may excuse I am 
very much obUged to you & M' Smith for the regard you 
show to me but as I have not time now so much as to 
look into the accounts which I formerly had & which I 
suspect differ from the inclosed & as I have no certain 
conveyance even of this to you any delay now given to 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742 237 

what you expect I hope will not be attributed to negU- 
gence or willfull delay I hereby however promise to pay 
to you or M' Smith the ballance due by me on the ac- 
count of Equivalent lands with Interest from the first 
of this month on the terms proposed in your joint letter 
of this month within a year after the date of this. This 
I hope will be sufficient to allow you to proceed against 
the others without any Imputation of partiality After 
I have seen Coll Mathews I shall write more fully Neither 
of you can desire more earnestly to have an end to this 
than I do & therefore as I said before I intend to be early 
down for this purpose only 

Know all Men by these presents that I Cadwal- 
lader Golden Esq"- am held and firmly Bound 
unto James Alexander and William Smith of 
the City of New York in the Sum of One hun- 
dred and Sixty two pounds thirteen Shillings 
and Six pence Current money of New York to 
be paid to the said James and William their 
Executors Adm" and Assigns for the payment 
of which I Do Bind my Self my heirs Exe" and 
Adm" Firmly by these presents Sealed with my 
Seal and Dated this 

Day of in the fifteenth 

year of the Reign of King George the Second 
Anno Dom 1741. 

The Condition of the above obligation is Such that 
if the said Cadwallader Golden Shall well and 
Truely pay or Cause to be paid to the said James 
and William or Either of them on their assigns the 
Sum of Eighty one pounds Six Shillings and Nine 
pence Money aforesaid with Lawfull Interest from 
the first Day of December 1741 within a year from 
the date hereof then the said ObHgation to be void 
otherwise to Remain in full Force Effect & Virtue. — 

Sealed and Delivered 

in the presence of 

238 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Memorandum in Colden's handwriting. 

Whereas £32-8-6 is charged on the first Quota, error 
of 40 s. 

Object to the whole of £20:12:2 I find no order for 
it in the minutes till now present but those who were to 
receive by it In allmost every mans account some un- 
reasonable or unnecessary articles & the accounts allow'd 
by those who were to receive benefite by them M' Alex- 
ander Smith charging law fees upon consultations with the 
partners & in sending copies to them unreasonable & at 
their meetings & setling accts. 

The money to be sent to England for Paris charged 
£56: when £52 sufficient at 175 ^c & the money to pay 
this with interest charged fol. 20 borr^ of M' Murray or 
to what use was that money 

The persons who allow the charges on the Defence of 
the Equivalent lands & thereon settle the Quotas due are 
the same who bring in those charges for services done by 
themselves & are therefor not proper Judges in the case 
neither do I beheve that any agreem* (however the words 
may seem to bear such a sense) will or can make them 
competent judges for thereby a man would become Judge 
of his own cause And in my Opinion the insisting on such 
a point must necessarly infer that the persons who en- 
ter'd into it were Ideots or not compos at the time or that 
it was procured by Fraud. 

I know of no reason for allowing of Interest on an un- 
settled account for services done, for money bona fide ad- 
vanced it may be reasonable & for such only I suppose is 
intended by the agreem* Interest upon Interest less allow- 
able unless for so much Interest as is actually paid. 

If a man have affairs in which he is equally concern'd 
with a Lawyer & that Lawyer can insist upon Lawyers 
fees every time they consult together on their common 
business & in every service for their joint Interest they 
must have a great advantage over the rest of mankind & 
few will desire to have concerns in common with them 

That the persons who advised & gave the £100 to 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 239 

Lewis Morris be obliged to demand an account in what 
manner that money was imploy'd for the Companies Ser- 
vice & to have the whole or part repaid if not applied to 
that purpose 

I know no reason for allowance to the partners that 
meet on their own Business & to transact their own affairs 

It is a Question whether any charge can be made for 
Consultations between any of the partners & less if these 
meetings & consultations were before entring into the 
Q Is the running of Townsends Lot a proper Charge 

Payment of M' Murray not clear 
The whole of M"^ Paris's acct charged & afterwards in fol. 
25 £20 charged as borrow'd for this use so there is a 
double charge of that sum 

The charges on Truesdale & Harison suppose in a great 
Measiu-e recover'd & no Credit for it 
I think my self not chargeable with any allowances to 
Ridgefield since I have made satisfaction otherwise 
In case the charges of attending on the Company Meet- 
ings be insisted on I have a right to Charge every time 
my proxy attended as if I had attended my self 
Q Whether while accounts stand open any person can be 
barr'd bringing in his charge 

No interest due by me but so far as the money I paid in 
comes short of money actually advanced 

Memorandum in Colden's Handwriting. 
Prop" of Equivalent Lands Cr 

To meeting & Consulting at signing 
the Articles 6 days 

To coming down on purpose in Dec' 
with gen* & 2 horses at the desire 
of M' Alex' to meet & consult 
at Coll Morris going to England 
10 days 

240 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

To coming down to consult with coun- 
cil & sign the exception & attend- 
ing at hearing & consultation 
whether to appeal upon the over- 
ruhng 20 days 

To coming down attending Council on 
the answer while the right draft 
was making engrossing fair & put- 
ting in 30 days in all 
66 days at 12/ ^ days is £ 39 :12 :— 
Ridgefeld charge to 
be satisfied Other 
wise 7: 2:3^ 

To An overcharge of 46:14:3^ 
Interest their Ser- 
vices being don be- 
fore y* 2 d Quota 14 :19 :— 

23:11 5M 


By the Ballance of Acct dd by Wm Smith £81: 6:9 
by my share of s-^ £39 :12 :— 3 :18 

85: 4:9 

Ballance due by CC 23 :11 :5M 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 241 

Cadwallader Colden's Account in the Books of the Oblong 


To his jfirst Quota £ 

to Interest of £12 :8 :5}4 to Dec 1736 

To his Quota of No 79 35 Acres . 

To Interest of 12.8.53^ to Dec 1737 

To Prop" Ridgefield Deficiency 

To 2^1 Quota 53: 

To Brown & Ridgefield or his Ridge- 
field Quota 

Ridgefeld 2^ Quota 


£ 32: 


: 6 

) 3 

























The first Quota £320: — : — 

The Second Quota 550: 2: 7 

By W°» Smith £ 8: - 

By Ja Brown 4 : - 

By William Smith Cash paid him . . 8: - 
By Wilham Smith Excess of Charge 

of Patent 1: -7: 8 

By 1 /3 of Messanger to Norwalk. ... : 16 : 8 
By Cash P'^ Secretaries oflSce 
£3 : 10 : 6 & his trouble about ex- 
ception 10—: 13: 10: 6 

Ballance 35: 14: 10 

Several Services omitted to have Credit for as par- 
ticularly my assistance in drawing the Answer & Search- 
ing all the papers relating to the transactions of the 
Com" for settling the Boundaries And attendance at 
New York at several times particularly soon after Coll 
Morris went to England at the Exception to the Juris- 
diction & hearing thereon & at putting in the answer 

242 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

I suppose that I paid my proportion of the £108 to 
Lewis Morris Jun' Some objections to the charges as for 
example The Building the house on Alex' & Smiths land 
not reasonable to be equally born by all since they had a 
greater advantage & several other charges liable to 

From John Alsop. 

New Windsor Dec' 24*'' 1741. 
I beg yo' pardon my boldness in what I conceive 
Necessary to offer for your Approbation, in the life time 
of Mr Phineas Mcintosh, he Mess" Sackett, Hazard 
and My Self on one part, Samuel Seely and John Rose 
of the other part Enter'd into certain Agreements and 
Covenants which Covenants we conceive were not per- 
formed by said Seely and John Rose by means whereof 
an Action hath accrued to us, and for remedy my Sur- 
viving partners have Ordered me to prosecute Said Seely, 
And Since M' M^'intosh is deceased, and You are one of 
the Surviving Executors Named in the Will of the Said 
Deceased, it Appears to me (notwithstanding you have 
Renounced the Executorship) that the Law makes it 
absolutly necessary (for Safety of the Action) to make 
use of your Name in the writt, wherefore I Entreat on 
behalf of my Self and Said partner, that without offence, 
and to be by us Kept indemnified from all trouble Dam- 
ages, Cost and Charges what so ever that your Name 
May be made use of as one of the Surviving Exe°" which, 
with your Concurrance hereto Signified by a line from 
your hand is the humble request of 

Yours most 

Humble Servant 

John Alsop. 


To The Honourable Cadwallader Golden Esq'' 

at Coldengham 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 243 

Cadwallader Golden to John Alsop. 

Dec 28*'^ 1741. 

I know not whether the law requires all the Executors 
to be plaintiffs in any Action notwithstanding that some 
of them have renounced the Executorship if it be so I 
should be far from refusing my name in any case or to 
any person where it is a requesite formahty for his ob- 
taining his right & in such case tho' my name were used 
and without any formal authority from me I would be far 
from taking advantage of the neglect to any persons 
prejudice But in this case before I can give my consent I 
must be not only Satisfied that my name is necessary but 
likewise that the Claim is just & reasonable & the suit 
for the Benefit of M' Mcintosh's estate because its 
probable that estate must bear a proportionable share 
of the Charge that may attend it whatever the issue of the 
suit be 

From Philip Livingston. 

Albany lO*'^ February 1741/2. 

I did my Self the Honour to Write to you in the begins 
of this Winter, in Answer to the Kind Letter you was 
pleased to Send me last fall, wherein you was so good as 
to give Me the offer of being your Deputy in this County, 
I then Wrote you that I would gladly accept the Same 
and desired to know the Conditions upon which you 
designed I should Serve you I repeat this much of the 
purport of my Letter, by reason that as I have received 
no Answer from you, I think you have not received the 
Same, Wherefore I now again Take the freedom to 
desire you to Appoint me your Deputy According to 
your Own kind offer, you may depend I shall acknowl- 
edge it in a suitable Manner and serve you faithfully and 

244 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

I have in Company with Several People here obtained 
a lycence to purchase 32,000 Acres of Land lying on a 
branch of the Hudson River Above Saraghtoga and have 
agreed with the Indians for the Same. I would now beg 
the favour of you to Send me by the bearer hereof of a 
Deputation to Survey the Same in order that the deed 
May be Certifyed and Signed by a Justice as the Order 
of Councill Directs and that we May be Enabled thereby 
to obtain A Warrant of Survey for the Said Lands in 
hopes of a favourable Answer I remain Sir 

Your Obliged Humble Servant 

Philip Livingston Jun' 

To The Honourable Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

For The Honourable Gadwallader Golden Esq' 
one of his Majesties Gouncill for the 
Province of New York &" 

Att Goldenham 

Cadwallader Colden to Philip Livingston. 

CoLDENGHAM Feb'^ IS*'^ 1741/2. 


I have yours of the lO''^ of this month by M' WiUiams 
& I receiv'd yours which you mention to have wrote 
last fall but it came so late to my hand that I had no 
opportunity to answer it as I certainly otherwise should 
have done. I am very glad that the offer of a Deputation 
is acceptable to you I shall very cheerfuly imploy you 
as occasion offers being very confident of your Integrity 
& honour in every respect & you may assure your self 
that next to my own children there is not any person that 
I will prefer to you. The Terms are the same as M' 
Collins had viz one third to me of the fees & Profits 
arising from the Deputation which I suppose you will 
not scruple & I make no doubt but that you will be more 
punctual with me than he has been. But as there has 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 245 

been a practice of sending Warrants to my Deputies 
without letting me know of them when these warrants 
often required particular directions from me & I have 
been often laid under the Difficulty of putting the per- 
sons concerned either to the charge of a resurvey or to 
pass the Survey in a manner not so proper & comforma- 
ble to the Kings Instructions as I thought was requesite 
in those cases I intend for the future to endorse a Depu- 
tation on every Warrant that I may have an opportunity 
at the same time of sending such Instruction as I shall 
think the case may require. As to the survey for the 
purchase you mention it is on a branch of Hudsons where 
I am an utter stranger to the nature of the land & ad- 
jacent Country I think therefor of going upon the spot 
my self that I may be the better enabled to give proper 
Directions in all future Surveys in that part of the 
Country. I expect therefor that the Petitioners will in- 
form me as soon as they can of the time that will be most 
proper to go on that work & I shall endeavour to comply 
with the time. I intend to be at New York some time 
next month as soon as the season of the year will permit. 

From Peter ColUnson. 

London March 7 1741/2. 

You have much obliged Mee ^ y" of the 22 '^ June 
and I am glad to find my Little offices were Acceptable 
to you 

I communicated y Letter & project to M' Grayham 
whose answer I inclose he has also been So good as to gett 
M' Sissons proposal to make an Insrum* that will be 
Suiteable for y purpose 

I also Lent M"" Grayham y History of the five Indian 
Nations, He was mightyly pleased with It & hoped you 
would obhge the World with the Second part for that 
He had not read any that had gave Him that Satisfaction 
& information that yours Did, because he was ^swaded 

246 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

He could depend on your Veracity — you Really Delight 
Mee In hopes of Seeing the Second ^art but pray take 
your Time and Do it at y Leisure 

Pray have you thought or can you give a Conjecture 
how America was peopled Or was it a Separate Creation; 
most of your Vegetables & many of y animals are Dif- 
ferent from ours, and yett you have some Exactly Like 
ours of which I have Specimens by Mee for I have a Large 
Collection considering my years & Station of Natural 
Rarities & Some Artificial from most ^*^ of the World, 
which I am ObUged to my Distant Curious fr"^ for Send- 
ing Mee They afford Mee great Entertainmt att my 
Leisure Hours and In the Country If I may boast my 
garden can show more of your Vegetables then ^haps 
any in this Island which I have been Collecting some 
years from Seed & growing plants Sent Mee by my 
Friends in y World So that I am no Stranger to America 
being pretty well acquainted with most of Its pro- 
ductions Wether animal, Vegitable, Mineral & Fossil 
^haps beyond w^ you can Imagine the uses I make of 
them is to admire them for the sake of the Great & all 
Wise Creator of them to Enlarge my Ideas of his Al- 
mighty power & Goodness to Mankind In Makeing 
So many things for his profit & his pleasure I reason on 
their Natures & properties so far as I am or Can be In- 
formed I compare them mth ours In short I Esteeme 
the regard I pay them as a piece of adoration Due to the 
Great Author of them 

Thus my D^ Fr'i you See I open all my mind to you 
and tell you how I Imploye all my Leisure Hours I may 
Say Minutes from Business I hate to be idle & think all 
Time Sadly lost that is not usefully Imployed for which 
Reason, Clubbs, Taverns, & Coffee Houses, Scarsly 
know Mee Home is the most DehghtfuU place to Mee 
where I Divide My Houres in Business in Innocent 
Amusements and in the Dear Society of a Tender Kind 
Good Woman A Boye & Girle 

I may now say with Milton I have now brought you 
to the State of Earthly Bliss and Sincerely Wish all Man- 
kind as Happy 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 247 

I had a Letter from J. Bartram He much Laments 
the Disappointment of not Seeing you, I am ^s waded 
you would have been pleased With Him, you would have 
found a wonderful Natural Genius considering his Edu- 
cation & that He was never out of America but is an 
Husbandman and Lives on a Little Estate of his own at 
5 or 6 miles from Philadelphia on the River Skulkill. 
He really Surprised Mee with a Beautiful! Draught on a 
Sheet of paper of the falls of Mohocks River w"'' He took 
when he was there with a ^ticular account of It and also 
a Mapp of His own Makeing of Hudsons River Delaware 
Katskil & the bay which takes in the provinces of New 
York, Jerseys, Pensilvania, MaryH & Virginia for He 
has travelled all over these Countrys y« Uninhabited 
^ts beyond the Mountains as well as the Inhabited ^ts 
along the Bay & the Sea Shores from the Capes to y 
province His observations and accounts of all Natural 
productions that happened in his Way (& I believd few 
Escape Him) — are much Esteem'd Here for their Truth 
and He wants not terms to Express himself w**^ Some 
accuracy and I have procured Him Some assistance 
from Some Curious ^sons Here to Enable Him to make 
Further Discoveries — 

Now my D"" F'^ I rely on your Candor to Receive 
this Rambling Epistle as It is entended in Friendly part 
From a Man much Engaged in Business Correctness is 
not to be Expected for Really I am obliged to write a 
parage now & then subject to many Interuptions 

My Best Wishes attends you when leizure offers give 
a line to your Sincere fr*^ 



To DoC Cadwallader Golden 

Albany New- York 

March 7th 1741/2 

248 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From James Colden. 
D. B. 

Yours of last June came to my hand in De"" and was 
one of the wealcomest letters I ever received for having 
heard nothing from you I was filled with the greatest anxiety 
from which your last gave me a most Seasonable and agree- 
able reUefe. I would have ans""*^ your's long before this but 
as our publick disputes appeared just at their Crisis I 
waited till I should See what turn they would take, 
which appears Still uncertain those of the country party 
Seam to have a Smale majority. S' Rob* Walpole 
resigned his places and hath taken his Seat in the house 
of pears and Some of the country party are received 
into high offices but our last newes bear that the Duke 
of Argyle hath again given up all his officers the true 
cause of which is not certainly known In yours to me the 
ans' to which hath not come to your hand, tho I thought 
I was Sure of its Safe Conveyance, having givn it to a 
gentleman going to Phyladelphia, and who promised 
to transmit it safe to New York in that I had particu- 
larly ans'*^ yours but as that letter hath Someway or 
other miscaryed I shal now ans' the only two particulars 
that you can be much concerned about. The one was that 
I should Speak to the Marqiss of Lothian and desire that 
his Lordship would grant you his patronage, and alow 
you to write to him when you might need his Assistance 
if his L: had then been in this Kingdome I would have 
immediatly have waited on him, but he hath Since that 
time been for the most part at court, unless when he 
came down to mannage the Election of the majestrates 
of Jedburgh and he was Gennerally gone before I heard 
he was come down tho I had taken the present Ministers 
of Jedburghs promise to send me notice so soon as he 
came. But as His L: interest at court depends on the 
Duke of Argyle and he having of late taken the opposite 
Side from his grace in the pubHck disputes his interest 
is not thought to be much which made me conclude 
would not make for your interest to put you under his L: 
patronage: because the opposition betwixt the two 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 249 

parties is Such to have it known you trust to one as 
your friend, is the sure way to have [the] other as your 
ennimy. I have therefore as yet keeped my Self free 
from either and yet I hope in pretty good tearms with 
Some of both that might be of use to you in case of need. 
My Lady Cranston I am informed hath a good deal to 
Say, not only with her brother, but with the Duke of 
Argyle, and I can fully depend on her using her interest 
with both on your account if ever it be needfull. It is 
gennerally thought that the Earle of Stairs will be very 
much in favour with the King, which if it should be So 
I hope I might obtain you his interest in case you should 
need it. Seeing there is a neer relation of his who hath 
an estate in this parish, and who hath on all occasions 
givn me all the marks of kindness I could desire and 
as I intend to wait on him, you may be Sure I will not 
fail to do all I can to Serve his interest for you. The 
other was as to your Son making my Son a compUment 
of the twelve pound my father Left him you may be 
Sure that every mark of respect that comes from you, 
or any of yours will always be thankfully accepted by 
me, and I hope by all mine my Son wrot to yours which 
I inclosed in mine M' John Rutherford Eldest Son to S' 
John Rutherford of Edgerton comes over to command 
an independent company with you as there was a very 
great intimacy betwixt his father and our dear father 
I make no doubt but you will show him all the respect 
you can, and contribute to make his abode with you as 
agreeable as possible my Eldest Son hath now been 3 
Sessions Studying Mathematicks and is like to prove a 
very good Scholar George doth very well at his trade 
and hath the happness of a very good Master. Cad 
appears to have a fine genious but hath not yet got 
quite free of the Scrofulous tumors on one of his Legs the 
rest of them keep their health very well and appear as 
yet no way unpromising may our gracious God who was 
eminently present with out Excellent Father and hath 
hitherto bestowed many favours on us his Children on 
his account pour down his best blessings on you my 
Sister and all your posterity I hope you will Say for me 

250 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

as I ought to my Aunt, Sister and all your dear Children 
whom I pray God may make a blessing to you both 
I am 

D. B. 
Your most tenderly Affectionate brother 

James Golden. 
Whitsom 26*'' March 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 
of New York 
to be forwarded by the first ship sailing 
for New York or Boston in North America 
Whitsom 26t»' March 1742 

Cadwallader Golden to Mr. Collinson. 

New Yobk April 9th 1742. 

I now send you the greatest part the Indian History 
continued to the peace of Reswick which I presume to put 
under your tutelage because I may truely say that it is 
owing to you that ever it had a Birth by your giving me 
your approbation of the first part & desining it to be 
continued as a work which you thought may be useful 
for I had for several years laid aside all thoughts of it 
I must now leave it to your Judgement whether it deserve 
to appear in pubUck or remain with you in private & in 
this you may give the most sincere testimony of Friend- 
ship viz : the preventing a mans exposing his weakness to 
the pubUck Thereby I will receive a pleasure more sub- 
stantial than that which attends the Vanity of appearing 
as an Author for as by writing so many sheets of paper I 
show that I am desirous to make some return to the 
favours you have done me so by your covering my 
nakedness I shall persuade my self that I enjoy no incon- 
siderable part of M' Gollinsons Friendship. I hope there- 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 251 

for S"" & I must beg of you that you'l act the part of an 
impartial judge in this case 

If your Judgement be in my favour you'l draw upon 
your self a request that will give you more trouble that is 
to correct the faults by striking out superfluous words 
helping obscure or languid expressions which I beheve 
every man is less sensible of in his own writing which I 
make no doubt will too often occur to you in reading 
it but above all by striking out any impertinent or weak 
reflexions that have dropt from my pen. 

I must beg your excuse of the hand in which the Copy 
is wrote I had not time to copy it with my own & I had 
no better amanuensis with me in the Country Six or Seven 
Sheets remain'd to be copied when I left home which I 
shall send by the next ship to London. 

As I would by no means have the book printed 
unless you be persuaded that it will be so far acceptable 
to the publick as to bring a profit to the Bookseller so 
my circumstances are such as will not suffer me to despise 
a share in it which I propose to lay out on books or some 
such other means of acquiring knowledge to my self or 

You see S"" you have brought upon your self a great 
deal of trouble too often the consequence of a good 
natur'd friendly action & which I should not have pre- 
sumed to have don had you not given me reason to hope 
that it will not be disagreable to you & I am confident 
if I have in any manner succeeded in my Design of making 
it usefuU to the publick or to you in private will thereby 
easily obtain your pardon. You cannot do me a greater 
pleasure than by imploying me in any thing that can be 
usefull to you or contribute in any manner to your 
amusement that I may thereby in some measure — merit 
the continuance of your Friendship for I am very affec- 
tionately S' 

Yours most obedient 

humble Ser*. 


Rough Draft 

Letter April 9th 1742 

Copy of a Letter to Mr Collinson. 

252 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

From Andrew Chrystie. 

Moss Apr 10'^ 1742. 
Dear Brother & Sister 

Both your kind obliging Letters of Aug* 6*^ last 
Year arrived by Post from London ye 4th of January, 
ye agreable Ace" of your Childrens & Grand Children, 
is very refreshing I am sorry for y^ Miscarriage of My 
Letter of Aug* 16 1738, in answer to Yours of May 25*^ 
Same Year. I Suspected it when I wrote of Sept"" 21 — 
1740, which you write you have received. If my Letters 
henceforth be not punctually answered, I shall Impute 
it to y® same Reason, and shall not therefor desist in 
letting You hear from Us, which shall from henceforth 
be more frequent. Our family are in perfect health. 
My Wife Increased it by Another Daughter y* 20**^ of 
Aug* Last, whom we called Marjory after her. She 
Continues to be an excellent Nurse, and y child thrives 
to Admiration. All y« 4 Girles She has nurst herself, 
Uncommon in this Country, are so healthy, thriving, 
and every way qualified for their Ages, that they are y® 
Admiration of y^ town & Country: My eldest Daughter 
by first Marriage, begins to be a httle Useful in y* Family 
Affairs. David is still at Dunbar School, I intend this 
Summer to take him home, expecting by that time He 
will be pretty well fixed in his Latin, I intend to learn 
him Bookeeping, & Employ him in my Own Way. I 
was well pleased with y« progress he had made in his 
learning & Writing when I was at Dunbar last Summer 
finding him a good natured Boy, and much liked by all 
that knew him. I went over to Inform my Self in their 
Way of Building their Malt Works, having got a Privi- 
ledge from y® King of Denmark, that when I build a 
Malting after y« English fashion, none else to my Prej- 
udice shall be allowed in y^ Southern District of Nor- 
way. People of fashion in this Countrey have allwise 
been for Enghsh Malt, Which having been prohibited 
to Encourage the importation from Denmark, made 
Me resolve on the project Which I hope in time will 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 253 

turn to Ace** The Buildings are AUmost finished and 
after Summer I intend to make a Beginning. I made 
but a short Stay when I was over, and was a few Days 
with Sister Sarah at Dunbar, who was very well with 
y« Children She had at home, and was really doing 
above Expectation in y« Shop Business, and if she be 
Spared I doubt not but She will be able to bring up her 
Children till they can Do for themselves. Her Daughter 
Alie was at Ed"^ learning y« Milhners Business, and 
David has been with Me Since y« End of 1740. I was 
this winter at Brevieg When Our Sister and 9 Children 
were in health. She had the Misfortune to have her Son 
James removed by a Voilent fever on y« 23 Aug* Last, 
after 8 Days Sickness, It was a great afiiction to her to 
lose him when arrived to Such an age that he Could help 
her in her Business; Hans her eldest is Doing for her, 
David has been at Sea these 2 years. Jorgen at y« latin 
but I fancy he is rather for the Sea, AMe, Anna, Amber, 
Karen, Martha, & Boletta are all at Home with her. 
You wrote Me in yours of May 1738 that you did not 
understand the Meaning of her Subscribing herself, 
Karen Sal David Chrysties, Karen is her Christned 
Name and Cassie is only used as being shorter to Pro- 
nounce Sal is used by Widows who Subscribe their 
deceast Husbands name. 

The ace** you give of y« horrid Plot at New York is 
enough to make one tremble that reads it, I think if 
either You or Your Daughter De Lancy take these 
Negroes in their Service from that time they will be to 
Blame, I think my self an old Man now When I am Be- 
come a Grand Uncle altho only 45 years, I bless the 
Lord I have a Course of good health a Sound Constitu- 
tion, and having a Country Seat about half an Enghsh 
mile from town, I am very oft walking to and from it 
which is a good help to my health, especially I am be- 
come pretty Corpulent. It is one of y^ finest and pleas- 
antest Spots that We or any have seen in this Country 
with fine flowers & Kitchen Gardens and fish Ponds, and 
y^ Situation so fine with a Prospect to the Sea and hes 
so near it that We have a Salmon Fishing on y^ Ground. 

254 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

My Wife and Children are frequently there in y^ Sum- 
mer, and it is a new Life to them after Our Long Cold 
Winters are over. Broy^"" James poor Man was Charmed 
with it, as also Sarah When they were here in 1738. We 
can go thither in Our Boats, Chaise, or Walk it which 
Way we please. 

Our Trade at present is very precarious and has 
stood these 3 years on an Uncertain Bottom, if War 
Break out betwixt France and Brittain which is now 
more likely than hitherto has been We Expect it still 
worse. I need not give you Ace** of y^ Change of y® 
British Ministry, and what Alteration there is like to be 
in y® European Troubles on y* Ace" as You have with- 
out Question a full Ace** thereof Befor this Can reach 
You. I have taken y^ first Opportunity of writing by 
Shipping whereof will Send Copies from time to time, in 
case again of Miscarriage with addition of any thing 
worth writing & My Wife desires with y^ Children their 
kind Love be presented to you both and your pretty 
family, not forgetting Our Neice De Lancy when you See 
or write them. 
I am in all Sincerity 

D^ Broy*^' & Sister 

Yoiu- most affect Brother & 

Very hble Servant 

Moss July 21*^^ 1742. 
D Broyr & Sister 

The above is a Copy of w* I wrott you on y^ lO*** 
Aprile, qrin being so full ab* our family and our other Re- 
lations I took a Copy of it, and have Caused David to 
transcribe it, to be sent by a Ship we have load for Glas- 
cow: I have Uttle to Add since my last nothing of 
moment having hapned: We had lately a letter from 
Sarah of May 8**^ wherin she writes she was in a very 
feeble state of health, and was att Whittingam drink- 
ing Goat Whey, She says her Daughter Kattie was att 
London, but in w* Station we know not, whereof she had 
wrott fully in former letter, and thereto referred but it 
was miscarried. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 255 

My David is still att Dunbar his Master wrott me y* 
he is Learning French and Dancing, and Says it will not 
be proper he should come home before y^ harvest. Sister 
Gassie's & family by a letter last week are all in health. 

We are all in perfect health here. I am with my wifes 
and Childrens Love to you both & Children 
D B Sister &c 

Moss Septr IS*** 1742. 
D Broyr & Sister 

You have herein a Copy of a letter of Apr lO*"* Sent 
to London not an Addition of July 21«* sent to Glascow: 
This I send by a Vesell we have load for Plymouth, 
q«=^ I have done in case of miscarriage, and it would 
be much if some of them do not come to hand. Since 
my last, nothing of Moment has hapned: we had a few 
days agoe a letter again from Cassie wherein she writes 
they were all well, and y* She has had fine business by 
Shipping, y« Seasone, and altho the times are trouble- 
some, we can't complain here, having had as many Ships, 
as the dry Summer has allowed us to cutt deals to. My 
wife & 5 Children att home are all well & fine thriving 
Bairns. My Son David not yett arrived. Nephew David 
I intend to Send to France very soon, as Super Cargo in a 
Frigate I have lately bought in y^ Country. I hope you 
will take example by me in writting Some w* frequent, in 
case of miscarriage I am w* my Wifes and Childrens Love 
to you all 

Dear Broyr & Sister, 
Your Most Affectionate Broyrs 
& humble Serv* 

Andr: Chrystie. 

P. S. I think it needless to give you 
any publick News, knowing you have 
more full Acctts than we. The Sweeds 
stand a poor chance in their war w* 
Russia, being lately driven out of Fin- 
land, so y* French project as well as the 
rest seem to be vastly bafled: 

256 TBDE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Cadwallader C olden to James Alexander. 

Copy of part of a letter to M' Alexander 

May 1«* 1742. 

I now send by my son the Deed I had from Ridgefield 
As I give this Deed up meerly to make all things easy so 
I expect that it may make me easy in my turn That 
Ballance of my Quotas on the Equivalent land account 
be finally settled as was done with you when I was last 
at New York as I have paid it & that your delivering 
up that Deed to Ridgefeld shall be accounted a full 
Settlement of that afifair accordingly & a bar to any 
further demand 

Proprietors of the 50000 Acres of Equivalent 
lands subscribing the Articles of Agreement 


To several Services perform'd by & expences of Cad- 
wallader Colden for which he has no Credit in their 
Accts the £10 allow'd to him not being sufficient for his 
trouble alone in collecting ordering reading the several 
Papers & writings in his hands of which copies were 
demanded & in drawing the first rough draft of the 
Answer to the greatest number of the Facts charged in 
the Bill for the use of Council viz 

To meeting & consulting at signing the Articles 6 
days from home coming down at M' Alex" desire when 
Coll Morris went to England in December to consult & 
write letters to some persons of Distinction in London 
10 days coming down to consult with council on the ex- 
ceptions signing them attending the Hearing & after- 
wards while an appeal was under consultation 20 days 
attending council while the rough draft of the answer 
was framing & engrossing & putting it in 30 days in all 
66 days at 12 s ^ day is £ 39:12:— 

Charged to him on Acct of Ridgefield Defici- 
ency & otherwise on their account for 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 257 

which he makes satisfaction in a different 

manner 7: 2:3^ 


To the Interest of the s** sum for four years 
to him the s<* Services being don before lay- 
ing the said Quota 14 19 : — 

ToBallance 23 11:5^ 

85: 4:9 


By the Ballance of the Acct dd by 
Mess' Alexander & Smith 81 :6 

By D' Coldens proportion of 
£39:12:— 3:8 


Cadwallader Colden to Peter Collinson 


May 1742. 
Dear S' 

I never received any thing with more pleasure than 
yours of the 7th of March last when I perceiv'd by it 
that I had gain'd so great a share of your Friendship & 
that by such means as I had reason to fear might have 
deterd you from Continuing any further correspondence 
by the trouble it has given you & on a subject which 
proves fruitless any otherwise than to show how carefull 
a man should be not to be fond of any Notions he con- 
ceives or any subject which he does not perfectly under- 
stand & how necessary & usefull it is to consult those who 
are Skillfull M' Graham in three hues (Master hke in 
Mechanics) not only shows that my Notions cannot be 
reduced to practice which I only before suspected but 
that they are likewise faulty in theory in that respect. 
Pray S"" return my most humble thanks to him I can 

258 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

have no hopes of making him any return otherwise I 
should with a great deal of cheerfulness offer my Service 
to him in this Country. However I still so far continue 
my opinion of the Difficulties of making small instru- 
ments especially if they be in any manner compounded 
& hkewise of the difficulty to observe with them to a 
sufficient accuracy that I cannot as yet intertain a 
sufficient esteem of M'" Sissons Instrument because of 
the difficulty of discovering the errors & correcting them 
when an entire circle is not used otherwise than by a long 
series of observations made with the greatest accuracy. 

Last Winter I imploy'd the greatest part of my 
leisure time in revising the first part of my History of 
the five Nations & in putting into some order the materials 
which I had collected about the year 1725 for the con- 
tinueing of it & I left so much of it as I could then get 
copied with M' Alexander in March last to be sent to 
you by a ship which proposed to sail for London soon 
after that time & since that I have got the remaining 
part of it copied which I now send to him to be forwarded 
to you. I am truly ashamed that I could not have it 
copied in a better hand but in the Scituation I am in I 
could not help it. My chief view in that work I may 
truly say is to do you a pleasure however if you think 
it may be usefull to the pubhck You have my full 
consent to pubhsh it in what manner you think fit tho' 
I have no great fondness to appear as an Author while 
I am sensible how much more a man is likely to suffer 
from the malevolent tempers of many readers than to 
gain any applause or benefite from those that are more 
candid & indulgent where the design of writing appears 
to be usefull tho it be weakly performed. Every man in 
my opinion owes so much to his country that he should 
patiently submit to Scoffs & Jests & revihngs when he 
thinks he cannot avoid them by being usefull & I hope 
it will appear my design is as it really was in writing That 
History to be in some degree usefull to my Country 
If it be so I shall truely gain my end without any further 
view besides that of endeavoring to give some pleasure 
& amusement to you 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 259 

I once had intertain'd hopes of inlarging my knowledge 
of the Indian affairs & manners by spending some time 
among them but as I did not understand their language 
& could have no interpreter but at a considerable expence 
more than I could bear I was forced to lay aside that 
design & now I have little or no hopes of gaining more 
information than what I allready have. I might have 
put in several more particulars to show upon what grounds 
I have more than once blamed the mismanagement of the 
Indian affairs in this province but I did not think it proper 
to be too particular as it must throw severe reflections 
upon particular persons or families now in this Province. 

I may venter to give you in private some particular 
facts which it is not proper by any means to be made 
publick & several more such instances can be given. One 
Instance is of the Scandalous attachment of the 
first Dutch setlers to the getting of Money of which 
I have again & again been assured to be a truth & of 
which strong proofs remain still in being in their families 
viz. that sometimes when an Indian came into some 
of their houses to trade rather than that he should go 
to try the market at a neighbours house they would suffer 
the Indian to turn into bed to their wives. Another 
is while Kingstone was besieged by the Esopus Indians 
& the Place reduced to great distress the Dutch of Al- 
bany came to the Indian camp & supphed them with 
all kind of ammunition tho it did enable the men in the 
Indian lands to destroy their own Countrymen Since 
the settling the trade & Garrison at Oswego a Dutch 
man still living sold a great number of Cags of Rum to a 
far distant nation of Indians who had never before 
traded with the English Indians who after they had 
carried their cags above two hundred miles found them 
fill'd with nothing but Water The man was by the 
Government order'd to be prosecuted but a New Election 
for assembly men happening soon after he was chosen 
by the Dutch near Albany their Representative in the 
assembly (& he was truely so) in order to avoid that 
prosecution & accordingly obtain'd of the Governor a 
Nole Prosequi That very man whos debts I mention to 

260 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

have been paid by the Indians about the time I was last 
among them cheated them so grossly that if I had not 
interposed they would have put him to Death And yet 
it is to these sort of men that the management of our 
Indian affairs is allmost wholy committed except when 
the Governor goes once in two or three years to Albany 
& upon more extraordinary occasions. These practises 
have rais'd so great diffidence of us in the minds of the 
Indians that nothing but their natural emnity to the 
French & the repeated presents given them from time 
to time has preserv'd their Friendship but these can never 
make them our hearty Friends. The Indians tho' they 
will on no occasion trust an Albany man are not naturally 
diffident as honest men seldom are till they have been 
deceiv'd I have had several instances of it with respect 
to my self in things which the people of Albany thought 
it ridiculous to expect & of which no instances had been 
before that given among them They often by signs 
lamented that I could not understand them nor they me 
& at the same time made me undestand that they could 
not trust the Interpreter & I believe they had reason 
I have trusted my self alone with them in the woods 
when they would not consent that any Albany man should 
go with me & never any person took more care of their 
dearest relation than they did of me at that time. I have 
observ'd the same respect to M' Barclay their present min- 
ister on several occasions & it appears by the History 
what confidence they had in Coll Dungan & Coll Fletcher 
two Gov" who preserved the interest of the country. 
These things I mention to you to show how easy matter 
it would be to raise among the Indians a perfect con- 
fidence in us & you will perceive by the History of what 
consequence such a confidence may be of & how danger- 
ous the loss of it may be But in this country every thing 
gives way to present interest & we make a jest of distant 
views however just & beneficial to the publick which in any 
measure obstruct our present profit. The Richest men 
among the Indian Traders are not in the least ashamed in 
having the basest cheating of the Indians discover'd & this 
so far prevails that it has allmost entirely destroy'd the 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 261 

Morals of that part of the Country so that they are become 
a proverb in other parts of the Country further than he 
has an interest with them & no man has any confidence 
in an Albany Jury. But who knows how far this in- 
fection may spread if all sense of shame be destroy'd & 
they be suffer 'd to injoy the sweat of the sin & avoid the 
punishment justly due to it. 

I look upon it as one of the happy incidents in my 
life that I have had the good fortune to fall into a cor- 
respondence with you because I take you to be one much 
of my own taste such I have often wished for to com- 
municat some thoughts in natural philosphy which have 
remaind many years with me undigested for we scarcely 
have a man in this country that takes any pleasure in 
such kind of Speculations. Your communicating to me 
your private manner of Ufe is the strongest instance of 
your friendship & in some measure makes up the loss of a 
personal acquaintance which I cannot hope to obtain 
& this incourages me to give you some account of my 
self believing you may expect it as I hope that you in- 
tend to continue your correspondence. I was educated 
in Scotland by my parents with a view to be settled in the 
church there & I had as great incouragement in that way 
by my fathers interest who was a Minister of that Church 
as any young man could have for my Father was ad- 
quainted with & had gain'd the Esteem of many of the 
Nobility & Gentry not only of those who thought as he 
did in respect to religeous principles but likewise of those 
who differ'd widely from him but my taste & Inclinations 
led my thoughts another way I applied my self to the 
Study of Physick & as my Fathers fortune was not 
sufficient to enable me to push my fortune in England & 
Scotland I went over to Pennsylvania in the year 1710 
where I had some Relations. When I came first into 
America I was very young & tho' I had some knowlege of 
Books I was absolutely a stranger to the World The 
incouragement to a meer Schollar is very small in any 
part of North America & I had little sense of the Value 
of Money at that time when it would not have been 
difficult for me by trade to have rais'd my fortune as 

262 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

others did about the same tune I had sufficient for my 
present occasions & I had not then learn'd to be concern'd 
for the future. In the year 1715 I married & my family 
soon began to increase which gave me some care that I 
had not before Soon after this going out of curiosity to 
see New York. I fell into Brigadier Hunters convera- 
tion who was then Gov^ of that place he gave me an 
Invitation to settle in New York with an ofifer of his 
Friendship which I accepted By his interest I was made 
Surveyor Gen' of the Kings Lands in this Province. M' 
Burnet soon succeeding him in the Gov* I likewise gain'd 
his Friendship & he recommended me to be of the Kings 
Coimcil for this Province in which two offices I have 
continued ever since. My family being considerably in- 
creased I left the City at the time Mr Burnet was remov'd 
from the Gov* & settled them in the Country where I 
now hve as being less expensive. I have been enabled 
to hve above want to keep free of Debt so as never to 
suffer a labouring man to go from my house without his 
wages & I hope to be able to put my children in a way to 
provide for themselves by their own Industry which often 
proves more advantageous to them than leaving such 
Estates as that they can hope to hve without thought or 
care. My eldest son has for some years kept what we call 
a store in this part of the Country near my own house & 
which I suppose you know of what kind of Mercantile 
business it is by your general knowlege of America. My 
eldest daughter is married as to fortune beyond what I 
could expect in regard to my own to one of the late Mr 
De Lancys sons. I doubt not you have heard of his 
Father he having been one of the most noted Merchants 
in America. My younger children give me reasonable 
hopes of their doing well in the World as they grow up 
by their Industry & Virtue My removing to the country 
I beheve has been of no disadvantage to my children as 
it has freed them from many Temptations to vice 
to which youth is exposed in the City. My chief pleasure 
like yoiu"s is in my own family with my wife & children & 
I wish I could hve so as never to be from them. I have 
allways had a view to be usefuU to my Country tho' I 

THE GOLDEN PAFERS— 1730-1742. 263 

have had sometimes my Designs that way grossly mis- 
interpreted & I have taken most pleasure in speculation 
for that end I cannot say how far T have succeeded But 
none now deny the Benefit of the Trade at Oswego in the 
forming of which Scheme & reducing it to practise I had a 
considerable share. I have made a small spot of the 
World which when I first enterd upon it was the habi- 
tation only of wolves & bears & other wild Animals now 
no unfit habitation for a civilized family so that I may 
without vanity take the comfort of not having been en- 
tirely useless in my Generation. I once intended to have 
attempted the Natural History of this Province & Mr. 
Burnet for my Incouragement annexed a small Sallary 
to my office of Surv Gen" to be paid out of his Majesties 
Quitrents But M"" Ho. Walpole at the same time having 
procured an additional Sallary as Auditor of his Majesties 
Revenue in America mine was taken off to make way for 
his & I was left without any thing besides the per- 
quesites of my office which often are very precarious 
This obUged me to lay aside all kind of Study that was 
attended with expence of time & money I hope not- 
withstanding of this to be able to intertain you from time 
to time with what may prove no disagreeable amuse- 
ment according to your own taste. I have at this time 
too far presumed on your patience but It now begins to 
be difficult for me to leave of while I write to you for I 
really am Dear S"" Your most obhged & affectionately 
humble Serv* 

Cadwallader Golden to Pat Liihgow. 


7*^ Aug 1742. 

I received yours of 30 May & seriously considered 
the contents and now I give you the very Lowest terms 
upon which I can compound with and discharge you from 
the Legacy due to your brother viz that you make over 

264 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

four hundred acres of your third part of that tract of wood 
Land to him so you will have something to discharge your 
other debts with, if this will not do I know not what will 
you must not blaim me if I proceed against you as the 
Law directs and I am sure your brother will not thank 
me for this condessention pray Let it be don with all ex- 
pedition that I may writ to him by our fall Ships this is 
the Last offer I shall give Let me have your Answer 
Speedily and you'l obhge &c 


Affidavit of James McClaghry. 


Then appeared before me Cadwallader Golden Esq' 
one of his Majesty's Council for the Province of New York 
James McClaghry aged eighteen years & voluntarly made 
oath on the holy Evangelists of Almighty God That in 
the spring of the year 1741 on the day on which James 
Burn of Little Brittain Blacksmith rais'd his shop Luke 
Barington who then kept school in Little Brittain being 
in Company with his Deponent & several others Peter 
MuUender being there likewise present drank King 
George's health to the s*» Luke Barington who taking the 
Bason with the Uquor into his hand Drank either King 
Phillip of Phillip of Spains health this Deponent doth not 
remember which After some discourse between the said 
Luke Barington & some others in Company This Depo- 
nent told the said Luke that it was wrong in him to Drink 
the King of Spains health in this Company especially that 
it was war with Spain & that if any would inform against 
him he might be hang'd on that tree pointing to a tree 
near by On which the said Luke answer'd that he scorn'd 
to Dissemble for any body that King Phillip was his 
King & that if he would come over with his Army he 
would take up Arms for him & knock all the Enghsh on 
the head or words to this purpose. That the said Luke 
staid that night the next day & next night & then left the 

THE COLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 265 

neighbourhood & this Deponent hath not seen him since 
& further this Deponent saith not. 

James McClaghry. 
Sworn before me 
Cadwallader Golden 


James McClaghry 's affidavit, 

concerning Barington 

Cadwallader Golden to Peter Mullender. 

Luke Baringtone was in the Country some time be- 
fore well dressed & passed under the name of Hamiltone 
Came up to this part of the Country in the Fall of the year 
1740 & teached School till about the 23"* of April when 
James Burns's raising was the next day he went away 
when he told James M "entire that he would go because 
he had the night before drank King Phillips Health this 
examinant says that he was informed he had afterwards 
about the begining of Harvest been at Robert M<=Cords 
under the name of Singleton & passed there for a Preacher 
& that he either preached or pray'd there to a number 
of People 

Cadwallader Colden to Lt. Gov. George Clarke 

CoLDENGHAME Aug 24**" 1742 to the L* Governor. 

You may remember that about this time twelve 
month I Informed you to the purpose of the affidavit a 
copy of which I now enclose & that Luke Barington the 
person named in the affidavit had about two months after 
he left this been seen about ten miles from this under the 
Character of a Methodist preacher & had preached or 

266 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

pray'd with a considerable number of People under that 
Character Upon which I wrote to the Neighbouring 
Justice to have him taken up but I heard nothing of him 
till last Saturday when I receiv'd a letter by a man passing 
my house from the Sheriff of this County to inform me 
that two Justices of Rochester had committed a man to 
Jail on suspicion of his being the man mentioned in my 
letter his person agreeing with the Description of it 
Since which one of this Neighbourhood who knows Luke 
Barington tells me that he saw him in Kingstone Jail so 
that there remains no doubt with me of his being really the 
man. Before he made this Discovery of himself in his 
Drink he was suspected to be a Romish priest by his 
frequent meeting in private with numbers of the Irish 
servants in this neighbourhood who are many of them 
professed papists but I could never procure any evidence 
of his being a Priest neither do I believe that tho' he 
realy were that any of these poplish servants would give 
any evidence of it. He had to severals in this neigh- 
bourhood own'd himself to be of the popish rehgeon & 
that he had been in Italy. I am hkewise told that he has 
been in several parts of this Country under different 
Characters & names that at first he was well dressed & 
went under the name of Hamilton, while he passed for a 
Methodist preacher he went by the name of Singleton 
S' I believe it is usual for the Romish Church to send 
forth young men into the Protestant countries in different 
Characters & for different purposes who are promised 
preferment upon their return after a certain number of 
years service according to the Service they do in their 
several imployments That they choose men of very dif- 
ferent characters & some of very bad morals as best 
fitted for some purposes That these are not acquainted 
with the whole design of their mission but are from time 
to time to take their directions from others History gives 
us several instances of such Uke plots carried on by the 
Romish Church & therefor as I before inform'd you I 
thought it proper that this Luke Barington should be 
taken up in order to be examin'd & perhaps he may by 
some means be induced to make some discovery For 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 267 

which purpose I am humbly of opinion that it may be 
proper now he is in custody that directions be given to 
the Sheriff to have him carried to New York to be 
examined before you in Council which however is entirely 
submitted to your Judgement on what I now send I am 

Cadwallader Golden to the Chief Justice. 
Same day To the chief Justice 



About this time twelve months or more I inform'd the 
Governor to the purport of this affidavit a copy of which 
is inclosed [the rest as in the letter to the Gov] 

Cadwallader Colden to Daniel Horsmanden. 
Same day to M' Horsmanden 



I was last Saturday inform'd by a letter from the 
Sheriff that Luke Barington the man of whom at your 
desire I gave you some account in my last to you was 
committed to Jail by two Justices on a letter which I 
wrote about this time twelve month. As I wrote to you 
in my last the particulars I had against that man I think 
it needless to repeat them but only to inform you that I 
have sent a Copy of an affidavit to the Governor & an 
other copy to the Chief Justice that if they & you think 
proper the Sheriff may be order'd to have him carried to 
New York for further examination 

268 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

Cadwallader Colden to the Sheriff of Ulster Co. N. Y. 
Same day to the Sheriff of Ulster 

I have yours of the 16^^ of this month & yesterday 
Schoomnaker told me that he saw the man mention'd in 
your letter to be in jail & knows him to be Luke Bar- 
ington I now inclose a copy of an affidavit for your Justi- 
fication in detaining him in Jail but you must keep 
secret from him the nature of the affidavit & the persons 
name who makes it & I write this day to the Governor & 
chief Justice an account of this matter from whom I ex- 
pect you will receive orders what to do 

From Villars Roche. 

Kingstown Goal Aug* the 25*^ 1742. 
Honour'd S' 

Relying on y known principles I Thus let you under- 
stand that I am not Such a person as you are pleas'd to 
have me Apprehended for, no Spy Sent in by the Pope & 
Spain, but on the Contrary the Unhappy son of ROCHE 
Lord Viscount formerly, [?] Note I have been Sent to 
Nurse to A poor Woman Who had some Yearly Consider- 
ation from my Brother Who Enjoys a Remnant of the 
Estate left by my Father, When I grew to Some Years of 
Matin-ity I Expected a Position from Said Brother but was 
pleas'd to put Me off with Small Trifles, time after time 
Which I lookt upon As mear Inhumanity, therefore Went 
with a Complaint to the Hon''^^ John Villars, Earl of 
Grandisson. Where I met every kind Reception his Lord- 
ship was pleas'd to bid me Welcome to the Company & 
Table of his Children As long as I pleas'd to Continue. 
W'''' I thankfully Accepted, & liv'd there upwards of two 
Years, and Ingratiated my Self into his Lordships favour 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 269 

So far that I [procur'd]? An Oppertunity to Goe to College 
to England in Company With The Young Mast' Where I 
behav'd indifferently Well the time of Three Years, 
Then Sought Oppertunities to get out of the College At 
Unseasonable Hours, dehghting in Rude & [torn] But 
soon discover'd & Expelld cou'd not put on [torn] Lord 
Grandisson, but Struggl'd in England till quite reduced 
to Poverty, Having no Refuge or Sanctuary, Was Neces- 
sitated to make The best of my Way to Ireland, Visited 
my Brother Who wou'd Not afford me a kind look, I 
Then bid him farewell telHng that I never Expected to 
See him any more Went to the County Tippiary In order 
to bid [torn] Nurse farewel who gave me a little money 
To Defray Charges on my Journey, Note I set out 
and Came to the City of Waterford took a Lodging 
in a Publick House Where in a Short Time I spent all, & 
became indebted to the Innholder the Sum of Seven 
Pounds Odd Money, for w'^'' he Arrested me having no 
friend I must Away to Jayl, Where I lay Some Con- 
siderable time &c 

One Sheriff Roche of Said Waterford was pleas'd to 
pay Said Debt And gave me Considerable money to help 
me to my Brother, but Being Born under the Influence 
of some fatal Planet, I never Inclined to do Any thing 
that might redound to my Service or Advantage, foolishly 
Staid in Town till I became As poor as When In England, 
att length heard of Cap* Tho' Eels intending to Sail for 
New York came Where I had an oppertunity to Speake 
to Him Telling that I had a Great IncUnation to Travel 
in Order to Imbetter my Condition, He immediately told 
a heap of Notions About N. York and the like With 
Abundance of talk too tedious To particularize Which so 
greatly Encourag'd me that I sign'd Indentures, and 
Came under the Circumstances of A Serv^ but to make 
the Matter Short, after our Arrival to N. York I heard 
Abundance about the hard Usage that poor Servants 
suffer & find during their Servitude Which altogether 
Discourag'd me Thinking that it would Seem very hard 
to me never being Brought up under any Hardships, So 
I thought I wou'd Venture to Swim at Night to Shore 

270 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

rather than live under the frowns or rebukes of Strangers, 
the next night I Safely got to Shore Chang'd my Name 
lest pursu'd by Said Cap* Eels or by his friend and Ac- 
quaintance, M' Henry Lane Who I beUeve Has kept Said 
Indentures to this Day, The Great God who Only knows 
the intents & Secrets of all Hearts Knows that I have 
Wrong'd no Man any more than Going a Way somewhat 
Indebted to a few of Y' Neighbours So I have no more to 
Add but beg that I may be realeas'd I rather live in 
Servitude Seven Years than Suffer this Imprisonment 

ViLLARs Roche. 

N/B I went by the name of Luke Barrington 
While I taught School in Y' Neighbour- 
hood lest I should be Enquired after by 
Said H. Lane 


To Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

One of His Majesties Hon''''' Gouncils 
for the Province of N. York. 

Att Goldenham 

From George Clarke. 

New York September the 14*'' 1742. 

I was upon the point of leaving the Town when I 
received the favour of yours of the 24*** of August which 
however I communicated to the Council before I went 
who directed M"" Moore to write to the Sherif to keep 
Barrington in safe Custody for if he be brought hither, 
imles it be by Habeas Corpus, it must be (and so he must 
be returned) at the Expence of the Government and you 
know I cannot draw for a Shilling, if he be brought by 
Habeas Corpus he maybe bailed, M' Horsmanden who is 
gone to Albany to try a Man, will, if he can, touch at 
Kingston and examine Barrington who perhaps if he has 
no other prospect than of remaining in Prision till next 
Summer, may squeak. 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 271 

Your Letter of the 7^^ Instant I have hkewise com- 
municated to as many of the Council as are in Town, 
for there are but three who are of Opinion that what 
is akeady done is as much as can be done at present, when 
M' Horsmanden returns, if he Examines the Man, they 
will then consider farther of it I am 


yours most humble Serv* 
Geo. Clarke. 

The Honbi« Cadwallader Colden Esq' 


To The Hono''''' Cadwallader Golden Esq' 

at Goldenham In Ulster Gounty 

From P. Collinson. 

Lond Sep' 3, 1742. 
Dear Fr 

I cannot Enough Acknowledge the favour and Friend- 
ship Shown Mee in Sending Mee the Tracts of your 
Studies & Observations I shall Treasure them up for 
the first Leisure to give them a Candid perusal tho I 
have not the least doubt but the Second ^* will be as 
Informing and as Entertaining as the First I shall be 
very CarefuU and Tender in this affair & shall not be 
Rash & Hasty how I expose my Fr'* to the World & 
its Censures I shall not take my own opinion but that 
of a Learned fr'^ or Two tho Our Common Yr^ J. A. has 
almost Determin'd Mee to putt it to the press with- 
out further Delebration Butt as you are So good as to 
place your whole Confidence in Mee I will take such 
carefull steps as I hope will lead Mee to y approbation 
I must confess to you My Dear Friend that I am not 
a Little pleased to find myself So much in your Es- 
teeme and yett on the otherhand I am ready to blame 
myself when I reflect How much Trouble I have putt 
you too I hope my Good Intentions will Excuse for It 

272 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

I am now very much Engaged Shiping Goods for your 
province w*='' prevents Mee in a ^ticular Man' from 
answering Both y kind Letters the Contents are In- 
stances of your great Regard & Confidence to Mee att my 
First Leisure shall consider them Fully 

Butt as you have encouraged Mee to be free with you 
I cannot close these few Lines without Inquireing if you 
have made Observations on the WonderfuU order that 
is Shown in regulateing the Increase of Noxious Animals 
that the Males by much Exceed the Females w<=^ proves 
a check to their Increase Else ^haps by this Time the 
World would have been overrun with Lions, Tigers &c 
Bears Wolve & Foxes this Last comes within my knowl- 
edge as also polecatts, that they have but one Female 
to 3 or 4 Males, pray How is this with you I have 
heard you have Some years plenty of Bears and I have 
been told it is rare to Kill a Female the party imagin'd 
by their not being Seen that they had a Stronger Faculty 
of Sleeping or was better Instructed to provide for them- 
selves than the Males I shall be obliged to you to know 
what you have mett with on this Head 

My Dear Fr<^ I rely on y Candor to take these 
Imperfect Lines & Hint in good part and believe me 
to be as I really am y Sincere 

& afifectionate Fr*^ 


P. S. there was no need of makeing any apology for 
y Book for it is very Intelligible 


To Doc Cadwallader Golden 

att Goidengham New York. 

From John Bartram 

Respected Friend Doctor Golden 

A few days past I received A very Malancholy letter 
by y« way of New York which gave me an account of y» 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 273 

death of my great & good friend Lord Petre being iti y 
30*'' year of his age & left but one son behind him & he but 
9 months ould So that his fine improvements which is y« 
admiration of y^ curious is very hke to be laid waste be- 
fore his son be in A Capacity to look after it: this Noble 
Lord was one of y* greatest promoters & encouragers of 
botany & gardening & embellishing of rural seats with 
exotick varieties of forrest trees & shrubs that perhaps 
ever lived in Europ & who was my Chief supporter & 
encourager in my botanical inquiries This thee may sup- 
pose was but disconsolatory news to me who was but be- 
gining to recruite from A fit of sickness which Seised me 
upon y® banks of Susquehana so that I was constrained 
to return home while I had A httle strength left to sup- 
port me : but now to wave this unpleasant discourse I will 
enter into our afairs of mutual friendship y« thought of 
which & y« agreeable Conversation I had y^ happy en- 
joyment of then in thy presence hath since afforded me 
many pleasant Amusements in Solitude. But now to 
give thee A little taste of y^ regards I have for thy per- 
ticular Satisfaction or interest : I will proceed 

Mr. Brown after we left thy house concluded to put 
me in y^ shortest way to Sopus went with me along A 
path leading to y« right hand of Wilemans & when we 
came to A new Settlement where A Cart road Crossed 
this path Along which road Brown turned on y« left hand 
to go to Wilemans who directed me to continue this path 
about two miles farther & when this path divided in A 
plain to take y« right hand path y other leading near 
browns farm accordingly I folowed y« right hand path A 
Considerable way when being upon A plain I observed A 
large quantity of Seneca snake root growing on both 
sides y« path near A great dead oake on y° left hand 
marked as in y^ Margent & A little fore ward on y« right 
hand A clump of aspin trees near the foot of y hill still 
riding along I soon Came to A swampy place which I 
rode over then directly under a ash tree partly bent 
partly broke over y^ path thence over A little plain y« 
snake roots still continuing this path soon lead me to y« 
Duch setlements & thence to y^ Palt^ By these direc- 

274 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

tions I hope thee may easily find these roots which I take 
October to be y^ properest month to gather them in for 
medicine dear friend my hand is so weake I can hardly 
hold my pen pray accept these few lines thay being sent 
in love from him who sincerely desires thee & thine health 
& Prosperity 

John Bartram. 


y« 25'^ of Sep' 

P. S. I am obhged to thee for thy care in sending those 
two boxes thay are come safe to Wilham Aliens I hope to 
send one of them back full of walnuts thine as before JB 


For Doctor Cadwalader Golden 

Surveyor General living near y High Landa 

From John Bartram 

October y« 2S<^ 1742 
Respected Friend Doctor Golden 

I received thy kind letter of September y« 25 which 
was all very agreable Amusement to me as well as A 
demonstration of thy generous & Comunicative dispo- 
sition with so much Sincerity as if thee desighned rather 
to inform thy friend by rational Conclusions from acurate 
& mature observations of facts then to impose upon him 
with incredible & wonderful relations from y« reports of 
those whose observations penetrated no deeper then y* 
superficies of nature. 

Thy remarks upon y^ Britanica as being A good anti- 
scorbutick yet not to be depended upon in A genuin 
Cancer appears very reasonable but I am pleased with 
thy acount of y« Phitolaca I wish it may be Confirmed by 
A successfuU practice on A ulcerated Cancer pray make 
further enquirey of y« certainty of it. It hath A great 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 275 

volatil purgence while fresh but upon drying it looseth its 
emetick & cathartick virtue in a great degree I know 
not of any plant from my own observation that hath 
been used with greater success in ulcerated Brests then 
what Gronovius in flora Virginia calls Laururus yet 
Nothwithstanding I dont believe that it would cure an 
inveterate ulcerated Cancer & now to enlarge further 
upon specificks let me tel thee I have known y« root of 
Colinsonia have a surprising efect in y" Cure of womens 
after pains & if they please to accept of A report of an 
extrordinary Cure performed on y** bite of A rattle snake 
thee shall have it as Cheap as I had it but ye accounts 
of y^ many cures by so many plants of very different 
natures I percieve hath shocked thy ascent to so many 
specificks as well as mine. As I was A travailing with 
our chief interpreter which is one of thy brother turtles 
& reconed A cincear honest man he tould me he was once 
with some Indians when one of thair squaws was bit by A 
(rattle Snake) to whome y® Indians applyed many reme- 
dies to none effect she still growing worse untill she was 
unsensible & y^ Indians said she would die then he de- 
sired leave of them to try if he could cure her which was 
readily Granted then he gathered some of y« leaves of 
Colinsonia (he showed me y^ plant) & boiled them in water 
& gave her y« direction to drink & presently after she 
made sighns for more & that she felt y poison to go from 
her heart however as he tould me she soon got well 
But to return to y« Britanica I a few days ago perused 
A folio volum of botany which gave A perticular account 
of two species of britanica first y« Europian exhibiting 
A act with A perticular discription thereof quoated 
Abraham Hunting who enlarged much upon y« virtues 
of it: & after gave A Curious discription of y* American 
or Virginian Britanica which for thy Curiosity I send A 
coppy of it to thee that thee may if thee please Compare 
thy Britanica with it 

The American or Virginian Britanica hath A root 
consisting of A head thick & gouty but not of A round 
tuberous body like y^ former from which head grows 
downward into y^ earth several arms or branches which 

276 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

are thick brownish without & yelowish within from this 
root riseth one upright stalk of several feet high which 
hath allso joynts upon it like knees from whence come 
forth very long & large leaves strong & hard not much 
unlike to monks rubarb but that these are much longer 
y« stalk which is very Uke that of other docks riseth up 
sometimes to A considerable hight about y« midle of 
which it sends forth A great number of branches not 
much unlike y^ europian which have some few leaves hke 
y other upon them but less y« flowers grow in vast num- 
bers upon all these branches single & each upon A short 
foot stalk even from thair begining up to thair very tops 
set in spaces at certain distances in A seeming uniform 
manner after y« flowers are past away y^ seed comes which 
is contained in A chafy husk like ye first & differs not 
much from it neither in shape color nor magnitude: thus 
far my author I have in my Journey to Susquehana heard 
surprising discourses about y« retreat of y« bears in win- 
ter into dark Caverns in y« mountains I am tould that 
they purge themselves until their guts is wholy clean 
from any excrements after which their fundeament is 
naturaly stoped up & that they then repose in these 
caverns in A sort of Lethargick state during y« winter 
season & are as fat at spring as in y fall, but as to their 
manner of breeding I can learn very little of our hunters 
thay affirm never to have killed A bear with young ones 
in her: Now whether y« she bears as soon as they are 
impregnated retires into dark recesses until they have 
brought forth their young & reared them big enough to 
run about with them in search after prey And that y* 
bears that appears in y« winter & are called runners are 
y® males or such which are not impregnated 

Pray if thee can set me right it would oblige me to 
inform me in this knotty point which makes me uneasy 
under these doubtfull ruminations 

Dear friend I am to set out tomorow morning towards 
egg harbour & cape may being A Httle recruited from A 
grievous fit of sickness I did not know of going so soon un- 
til this evening since which I have scrabled over these 
few hues in hast my kind respects to thy dear spouse & 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 277 

children This comes in sincear love from thy obliged 

John Bartram 

P S I hope thee hath received my letter with directions 
where to find y^ Seneca root I have received y« two boxes 
& contents in good order from my friend Mr Allen one 
box I intend to send full of our black wallnuts to York for 
thee by first opertunity after they are dry enough to send 


For Doctor Cadwaladar Golden 

at Goldenham near y* Highlands 

Cadwallader Golden to Mr. Peter Collinson. 

COLDENGHAM NoV 13*'^ 1742 

Dear S' 

I have your very kind letter of the S'^ of Sept' If I 
have had the good fortune to gain your esteem in any 
degree & thereby a share in your Friendship I shall 
think my self well rewarded for any thing I have don & 
when I consider the trouble you take & the concern you 
have for the htle reputation I can hope to obtain I may 
flatter my self that I have gain'd no small share in both. 
This encourages me to go on in communicating to you 
what thoughts have occurr'd to me which I think can be 
any way useful in the world or amusing to you I cannot 
deprive my self so far of all self esteem but to hope that a 
life of 50 years a great part of it spent in some kind of 
Speculation or other may produce something worthy 
your inspection at leisure hours & therefor I shall con- 
tinue to communicat some thoughts which have at 
times occurr'd to me on every opportunity I shall have of 
writing to you. But even while I take this resolution I 
receive a check least I become like a fond lover who by 
too earnest a desire of pleasing his Mistress becomes 

278 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

intoUerable to her. but even in this case I trust much to 
the sincerity of your Friendship that you'l curb me in 
my career & guide me in the way that will be most agreable 
to you 

The Observation you made in your former that we 
have in America many different Species of Plants & 
Animals from those found in Europe or other parts of the 
World tho' under the same chmate is certainly true & I 
think we may likewise add that we have different species 
of Men This naturally enough leads to the Question 
you put whether they be the effects of a different Crea- 
tion But Dear S' I dare not pretend to give any answer 
in a matter so high & out of my reach. It is a subject 
fit to be treated only by first rate Philosophers & Divines 
I should be glad to know your Sentiments on it. 

In your last you observe the Wonderful order that is 
shown in regulating the increase of Noxious Animals 
that the Males much exceed the Females in number 
which proves a check to their increase You add that the 
truth of this as to Foxes & Pole-catts comes within your 
own observation that they have but one female to 3 or 4 
males This never came within my observation & it is 
the first time I have met with it made by any other I am 
even out of hopes of being able to assist you from hence 
with any sufficient number of accurate observations to 
confirm a Theorem the evidence of which depends on a 
very great number of Facts for none of our Hunters are 
any way curious in observation. An Indian brought to 
my house the other day a female Raccoon with two young 
ones one a male & the other a female The Raccoon seems 
to be of the Fox kind I Say S"" a long Series of Observations 
are necessary to confirm your thoughts for a considerable 
number of Facts are not sufficient considering what is 
observ'd every day among our selves & Domestic Animals 
One woman brings forth a number of boys without in- 
terruption another a number of Girls & one of my Neigh- 
bours lately complain'd to me that his ewes for some 
years had brought almost all Ram lambs. If it be allowed 
to reason theorically on a Proposition the proof of 
which certainly depends on fact You must allow me to 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 279 

remain Sceptick for some time on this Point According to 
the Conceptions I have of the Method of Generation the 
impregnating of the Female with Males or Females is 
entirely casual & it is for this reason that there is so great 
a Profusion & Waste of the impregnating matter both in 
Animals & Vegetables Nature where it can be avoided 
never trusts any thing to chance & where there is no 
chance but a certain consequence there can be no use of 
Profusion Wherefor since the Profusion is manefest in 
the impregnating of Animals & Vegetables I conclude 
that there must be much of chance in it & that it cannot 
be avoided from the Nature of things 

Since I have fallen on the Subject of Impregnation 
I shall tell you an observation I made last spring & which 
staggerd me not a httle in my theory I observed a much 
greater number of Female Willows near my house then 
Males & yet all the Females impregnated tho' sometimes 
no Male near them In this case the impregnating matter 
of the Male must be Wafted by the Winds What a vast 
profusion then must there be of it & how exceedingly 
subtile to cover allmost the whole surface of the earth 
for a considerable space round. Otherwise a great num- 
ber of the female Ovaria must have remain'd not impreg- 

If you will allow me again to speak from conjecture 
I shall assign another reason for the small increase of 
Beasts that Uve only on Prey for Bears & Raccoons &c 
eat corn aples Acorns & all sorts of Nuts as well as Flesh 
& it is only when the Mast fails in the more northern 
Climates that we are visited by great numbers of Bears in 
the Fall of the year Now Beasts of Prey by their own 
natures cannot be so prolifick as the social Animals for as 
they Uve only by hunting & running down their prey 
when the female grows heavy with young & when she 
cannot so well endure fasting either while big or giving 
suck she & her young must often perish from want of 
food. These beasts of prey never assist either the female 
or the young in their wants Nature has denyed them The 
Love to their own offspring observed in social animals 
If this be true as it seems probable there is no need to 

280 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

swerve from the common Method of Generation & to 
produce a kind of Miracle on account of Noxious Animals 
suppose then it be true that many more Male Bears are 
killed by hunters at the times they come among us than 
Females it may as well serve to prove my Conjecture 
as yours for they are generally very lean when they come 
first among us & it may be supposed for the reason's 
I have given & that many more of the females have 
perished by Want than of the Males. 

I had the pleasure of seeing M"" Bartram at my house 
this summer. It is really surprising what knowledge that 
man has attain'd meerely by the force of Industry & 
his own Genius He has a lively fancy & a surprising 
Memory & indefatigable Disposition. I warn'd him with 
some concern against his exposing himself so much to the in- 
clemencies of our Climate as he does & tho' he thought his 
constitution proof against it I find by a letter which I 
lately receiv'd from him that I had too much reason for 
my advice for he writes that he was taken very ill since I 
saw him on the Banks of Susquehana & had hardly strenth 
to return. He happening to see some of the Bush Squash 
here for it seems they have it not at Philadelphia he told 
me that you desired some of it I promised to send you 
some of the seed & it now goes with this 

I now make haste to your Seat of earthly BUss I am 
easily persuaded that you taste pleasures there which were 
never felt either in a Coffee House or in a Tavern No not 
at the Grecian nor at Will's nor at Pontacks. There is a 
pleasure in your little family as you describe it that can be 
known no where else. I shall not speak of those incom- 
municable pleasures you receive in the communion of the 
dearest relations such as you have painted in my Imagi- 
nation but only of that of your Garden I must Dear S"" in- 
treat you to give us some share of that pleasure by pub- 
lishing a Description of the Plants in it for I cannot hope 
to partake with you in any other manner. The use you 
make of it in admiring the infinite variety & Beauty of the 
Works of the Creator comprehends only one half of our 
Religeous Duty contain'd in Christs first Command to 
his Disciples It is properly the Speculative part of Re- 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 281 

ligeon which fits us for & incites us to the practical part 
or obedience to his Second Command That of loving our 
neighbour as our Selves. The practise of the second 
command gives no less pleasure to a good man than the 
Speculations of the first. You have a great deal S' in 
your power that of being useful to allmost one half of the 
world to all America We are very poor in Knowlege & 
very needy of assistance Few in America have any taste 
of Botany & still fewer if any of these have abihty to form 
& keep a Botanical Garden without which it is imprac- 
ticable to give compleat Characters of Plants. In short 
I may positively assert that not one in America has both 
the power & the will for such a performance. Such a 
work is necessary it will be a lasting benefite to mankind 
it has all the motives to it which can incite a good man to 
any performance attended with trouble. I am sensible 
how much your time is taken up with Business But at 
the same time I cannot doubt of your obtaining assistance 
from curious persons perhaps much at leizure. I told 
M"" Bartram of the Design I have of intreating you He 
was exceedingly pleased with it & promises all the assist- 
ance in his power. The hopes of perswading you to this 
has made me send you the inclosed sheet on a New Method 
of printing as I believe it may be as usefuU in this Design 
as in any. A work of this kind is so extensive that it can 
hardly be compleated in one life & admits of perpetual 
additions now the method proposed if it be practicable 
as I persuade my self it is may encourage you to give us 
speedily as much as you can since such a manner of pub- 
Hshing will be no hinderance to the making it more com- 
pleat afterwards but rather a means of procuring all the 
assistance possible to make it so. How much labour & 
how many valuable Collections in Botany more than in 
any other Science have been lost to the World by delay 
& an Indeavour in the Author to compleat his work be- 
fore it appeared in publick 

I shall not presume to give my thoughts on any par- 
ticular of the Method to be observ'd in this work because 
I have but a very Superficial Knowlege in Botany I shall 
only say that I wish it to be in Enghsh, tho' I know that 

282 THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 

it is more difficult to do it in this language than in Latin. 
To incourage you in this I inclose a Description in English 
of two American plants not as patterns but to convince 
you what may be don if I who have so little skill in Botany 
have been able to make them toUerable. One of them I 
have for many years taken notice of as one of the signs of 
a Fertil soyl but of late I cannot pass it without paying a 
particular regard to it The reason of my choosing the 
other will appear in the Description of it. But to return 
to the reasons I have for desiring your work in English 1 
We have nothing in Botany toUerably well don in English 
so far as I have seen 2 it will thereby be more usefull in 
America where the learned languages are little under- 
stood 3 It may set many who do not understand latin the 
Ladies especially on amusing themselves with this study 
& thereby procure more assistance in bringing this knowl- 
ege to perfection The Ladies are at least as well fitted 
for this Study as the men by their natural curosity & the 
accuracy & quickness of their Sensations It would give 
them means of imploying many idle hours both usefully 
& agreably As I cannot doubt that M" CoUinson has 
the same taste of pleasures with you I am fond to believe 
that she will with pleasure save you some trouble in such 
a work as I propose. 

No doubt your correspondents inform you of the uses 
of several plants I wish something of that may be added 
for as most of the Plants are new to us the use of them 
must be so likewise Indeed a Plant may be long known 
& the use but a late Discovrey. 

This brings to my memory what I have read in AUex" 
London Dispensary under the Word Ipecocuana of a 
root from Maryland which in most of the Shops had been 
substituted in place of the true Ipecocuana the use of 
which was forbid by the College of Physicians on S' Hans 
Sloans information that it was a kind of Apocynum No 
doubt the College was in the right to forbid the sub- 
stituting of one plant in place of another but I am not 
well satisfied with the reasons giv'n by S"" Hans as de- 
liver'd in that book viz That it is a poisonous plant being 
a kind of Apocynum Now to this I object That it is 

THE GOLDEN PAPERS— 1730-1742. 283 

doubtful! whether any of the Plants which are now known 
by the name of Apocynum be really the Apocynum of 
Dioscorides by who' Authority alone our Apocynum are 
branded so far as I know with the Character of Poysons. 
Again supposing Dioscorides plant to be truely an Apocy- 
num it does not follow that all the Species in America 
rank'd under that Genus are in like manner Poysonous. 
Dioscorides say that his apocynum has a very offensive 
smell I know an American species who« flowers smell 
very agreably & may not there virtues likewise differ as 
much I think we have strong reasons to Judge that the 
Kind of Apocynum substituted in place of Icuanapeco 
cannot be poisonous otherwise it could not so generally 
have taken place S' Hans likewise affirms that the roots 
of a kind of Apocynum are commonly vended in New 
Spain for Ipecocuana if so I doubt the greatest quantity 
of Ipecocuana in the shops is from thence. I have in- 
quired of M' Bartram & others to discover this Maryland 
Ipecocuana but can discover no roots under that name 
but two both of them taken notice of by M'' Clayton in 
Gron — Flora — Virgin. Neither of them can be the 
plant substituted for Ipecocuana because the one hardly 
works with double the dose of the true Ipecocuana & the 
other (an Esula) works violently with half the dose. 
You will obhge me by describing the Species of Apocynum 
substituted in place of Ipecocuana as S' Hans affirms or 
what ever other American plant it be I have presum'd 
I'm affray'd too far upon your time & patience but when 
I consider that I'm grown old before I had the good for- 
tune of any acquaintance with you & that I can have but 
few opportunities of continung it & that only for a short 
time I cannot forbear making the most I can of the op- 
portunities granted me & beg you'l excuse 

To Mr P. CoUinson 


Abbotts Rule, Scotland, mentioned, 

Adair, William, mentioned in Lauch- 
lin Campbell's petition, 214, 216. 

Admiral Winne, ship, mentioned, 

African Company, mentioned, 23. 

Albany, N. Y., mentioned, 48, 52, 
83, 88, 106, 114, 124, 133, 153, 
154, 155, 188, 194, 208, 223, 243, 
247, 259, 260. The people of, 
not in favor with the Indians, 
259-261; sloops of, mentioned, 35, 
their petition for fortifications, 
mentioned, 109. 

Albany County, N. Y., tract of land 
in, petitioned for by Lauchlin 
CampbeU, 215, 217. 

Alexander, James, letters of, to Cad- 
waUader Colden, 4, 15, 16, 18, 19, 
20, 23, 24, 35, 39, 48, 59, 60, 61, 
134, 148, 228, 232; letters to, from 
Cadwallader Colden, 128, 203, 
232, 236, 256; his business rela- 
tions with Colden, 4-6, 48-49; 
rents Colden's city house to 
Zachariah Pollack, 7 ; his interest 
in a mine at Waywayanda, N. Y., 
15; complained of as living out of 
the Province of New Jersey while 
Surveyor General there, 15; dis- 
cusses the Equivalent lands with 
Colden, 16, 17, 18, 20-21, 23, 
24-26; the Naval office held by 
him, granted to Mr. Lindsey, 18; 
suggests Mr. Dugdale to take 
charge of the Weighhouse in 
place of Mr. Hunt, 19; relates his 
suspicions of certain letters being 
rifled of their money contents, 
21-22; mentions the birth of his 
daughter, 23; his son James dies 
of the smallpox, 24; prepares the 
claim of the New York Patentees 
to the Equivalent lands, 35-;-38; 
discusses his action in the Equiva- 
lent land dispute, 39-41; esti- 
mates the labor and cost of drain- 
ing the Waywayanda lands, 38- 
39, 41-42; relates to Colden the 

dispute in Coimcil concerning the 
President's salary, 50; objects to 
the Governor's acting with the 
CouncU in the payment of bills, 
81; mentioned, 101, 113, 114, 126, 
135, 204, 208, 209, 211; men- 
tioned in Bill of Equity, 122; 
Colden outlines to, a method of 
trying the authority of the Court 
of Chancery, 128-131; relates 
to Colden the action taken at a 
meeting of the Oblong Proprie- 
tors to defend their title, 134r- 
135 ; reported suspended from the 
Council, 144; relates to Colden 
the opinions of some members 
of the Council as to VanDam's 
right to be President, 148-149; 
letter of, and WiUiam Smith to 
the debtors of the Equivalent 
Company, 187; writes to Colden 
concerning a deficiency of land 
in his patent, 193-194; offers to 
purchase a part of the half pro- 
priety of East New Jersey, 228- 
230; Colden writes to the owner 
of the half propriety in New 
Jersey lands forwarding the offer 
of — to purchase a part of the land, 
230-232; letter of, and William 
Smith, requesting Colden to pay 
his indebtedness to the Equiva- 
lent Land Company upon penalty 
of their proceeding against him, 
232-234; Colden gives his bond 
to, and WiUiam Smith, for the 
Equivalent land indebtedness, 
236-237; mentioned in Colden's 
Equivalent land accounts, 238- 
242, 256-257. 

Alexander, Mrs. James, mentioned, 

Alexander, James, Jr., dies of the 
smaUpox, 24. 

Allen, WilUam, mentioned, 274, 277. 

Alsop, John, letters of, to Cadwal- 
lader Colden, 94, 160; letter of, 
to Cadwallader Colden, concern- 
ing the use of Colden's name in 
an action, 242; letter to, from 



Cadwallader Golden, concerning 
the use of his name, 243; men- 
tioned, 15. 

Amboy, N. J., mentioned, 15, 51, 59. 

America, Colden's description of the 
manufacturers and natural re- 
sources of, 31-34; shortage of 
white help in, commented upon 
by Golden, 32; trade with Great 
Britain, 32-33, 46-47; defects in 
the geography of, commented 
upon by Golden, 209-210; map of 
several of the Provinces in, made 
by John Bartram, mentioned, 

Ancrum, Scotland, mentioned, 73. 

Anderson, Patrick, mentioned in 
LauchUn Gampbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

Anthonys Nose, land at, mentioned, 

Antigua, W. I., mentioned, 51. 

Arbuthnot, Alexander, mentioned, 

Argyle, Duke of, recommends Gol- 
den to Gov. Gosby, 73, men- 
tioned, 136, 248, 249. 

Armitt, John, letter of, to EUzabeth 
Hill, 189. 

Armstrong, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 

Ashfield, Mr., Gov. Gosby 's Secre- 
tary lodges with, 61. 

Ashfield, Richard, threatens to pro- 
ceed against Daniel Horsmanden, 

Augustus, Lord, mentioned, 111. 

Baker, Mr., mentioned, 190. 

Baltimore, Lord, his boundary dis- 
pute with WilUam Penn, men- 
tioned, 96, 97, 98. 

Barbadoes, W. I., mentioned, 46, 49. 

Barclay, David, mentioned, 18. 

Barclay, Rev. Mr., well treated by 
the Indians, 260. 

Barnard, Mr., mentioned, 31, 46. 

Barrington, Luke, affidavit of James 
McGlaghry concerning, 264-265; 
alias Hamilton, is mentioned as 
having taught school, 265, 266; 
aUas Singleton, is mentioned as a 
preacher, 265, 266; his arrest as 
a spy or priest caused by Golden, 
265-267; Golden writes to Lt. 
Gov. George Glarke concerning, 
265; to be taken to New York for 
examination, 267; Golden writes 
to the Ghief Justice of New York, 

Daniel Horsmanden and the 
Sheriff of Ulster Go., N. Y., con- 
concerning — 267-270; alias Villars 
Roche, writes to Gadwallader 
Golden, denying the charges 
against him, revealing his Ufe 
history and asking to be released 
from Gustody, 268-270; Lt. Gov. 
Glarke writes to Golden concern- 
ing, 270-271. 

Bartram, John, recommended to 
Golden by Peter Gollinson, 208; 
mentioned, 211, 280, 283; is 
praised by Gollinson as a Natural- 
ist, 247; map of several of the 
provinces in America, made by, 
mentioned, 247; letters of, to Gad- 
wallader Golden, 272-274, 274- 
277; illness of, 273; finds the 
Seneca Snake root in the High- 
lands, 273, 277; his observations 
on certain plants and their medic- 
inal benefits, 274-277; relates 
the cure of a rattle snake bite, 275; 
his observations on the nature of 
bears, 276. 

Bayard, Gapt., mentioned, 18. 

Bayard, John, mentioned, 230. 

Beaver, ship, mentioned, 42, 120, 

Beekman, Mr., mentioned, 93. 

Bell, Rev. Thomas, ordination of, 
mentioned, 79. 

Berry, Thomas, appointed to wait 
on the New York Boundary 
Gommissioners, 178. 

Berwick, Scotland, mentioned, 176. 

Birdsell, Benjamin, mentioned in 
setthng Equivalent land releases, 
20; land released to, 65, 66. 

Black Horse, tavern, supper at, 
mentioned, 146. 

Blagg, Mr., mentioned, 35, 90, 96, 
105, 142; mentioned in Evans 
Patent Boundary line discussion, 

Bleecker, Johannis R., letter of, to 
Gadwallader Golden, 154; makes 
report on his surveying land for 
Golden, 154. 

Boston, Mass., Medical Society in, 
formed, 146; Fever Epidemic at, 
in 1736, 197; mentioned, 26, 42, 
96, 100, 105, 118, 120, 133, 135, 
146, 152, 178, 196, 204, 250. 

Boston, Thomas, death of, men- 
tioned, 75. 

Botany, Seneca Snake root found by 
Bartram in the Highlands, 273, 


277; Aspin trees, mentioned, 273; 
observations by Bartram on cer- 
tain plants and their medicinal 
benefits, 274-277; the need for a 
work on, relating to American 
plants observed by Golden, 280- 
282 ; Colden's observations on the 
Opecocuana and Apocynum 
plants, 282-283. 

Boundary, commission for settling 
the, of Massachusetts and Rhode 
Island, 205, 209; dispute on the 
Northwest line of New York, 
mentioned, 86, 89-90, 92; dis- 
pute on the Pennsylvania and 
Maryland, 96-98; commission for 
settling the, between Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire, 172- 
175; settlement of the Mass. and 
N. H., commented upon, 204. 

Bovie, Lewis, heirs of, expected to 
commence a suite in law, to get 
possession of the Rochester lead 
mine, 14. 

Boyle, Mr., mentioned, 18. 

Bradford, William, mentioned, 145, 
146, 164. 

Bratt, Mr., land of, mentioned, 154. 

Bray, Bisse, signs commission for 
settUng the Boundary of Massa- 
chusetts and New Hampshire, 

Brett, Mrs., Archibald Kennedy 
desires to pm-chase her house, 143. 

Brevieg, Norway, mentioned, 177, 

Bristol, Eng., mentioned, 30, 167, 

Brown, James, is dispatched to 
Ridgefield, Conn., 20; to show a 
company of New England people 
the Equivalent lands, 50; men- 
tioned, 51, 59, 61, 67, 188, 195, 
234, 235, 241, 273; to keep Mr. 
Harrison off the Equivalent lands, 
60; letter of, to Cadwallader Col- 
den, concerning the Equivalent 
lands, 71. 

Brown, Mrs., mentioned, 6. 

Brown, WUliam, land deeded to, 
by Gov. Burnet's Executors, men- 
tioned, 230. 

Brudnell, James, reported appointed 
Governor of Virginia, 100, 101. 

Bruyn, Jacobus, equivalent land 
owners give bonds to, 20; his 
charges agreed on, 21 ; mentioned, 
48, 60. 

Bruyn, Jacobus, Jr., mentioned in 

Subpena with Golden, 128. 
Bryant, Gapt., mentioned, 230. 
Bryant, Mr., mentioned, 95. 
Buchanan, Thomas, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Bm-hans, Mr., asks that Mr. Heath 

be again appointed to take charge 

of the weighhouse, 19. 
Burn, James, of Little Brittain, 

mentioned, 264, 265. 
Burlington, N. J., collector for, 

mentioned, 26. 
Burnet, Bishop, mentioned, 182. 
Burnet, Thomas, mentioned, 180. 
Burnet, Gov. William, mentioned, 

1, 40, 87; Golden gained the 

friendship of, 262, 263. 
Burnetsfield, N. Y., mentioned, 188, 

Burt, Mr. mentioned, 72. 
Burton, Mary, principal witness in 

the Negro plot trial, mentioned, 

Butler, Mr., land granted to, men- 
tioned, 150, 154; offers to assist 

Horsmanden in disposing of his 

land, 151-152; mentioned, 156. 
Butter Hill, mentioned, 44, 45. 
Byres, Mr., mentioned, 3. 

Calvery, M., mentioned, 190. 
Campbell, Alexander, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

213, 216. 

Campbell, Archibald, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Campbell, Daniel, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Campbell, Donald, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Campbell, Duncan, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 216. 

Campbell, George, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

213, 216. 
Campbell, James, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

213, 216, 214, 217. 
Campbell, John, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Campbell, Lauchlin, petition of, 

to Lieut. Gov. George Clarke 

asking for a grant of land for 


himself and the seventy famihes 
he assisted in emigrating to 
America, 200-202, 212-218; re- 
port of the Committee to whom 
the petition of Lauchhn Camp- 
bell was referred, 218-222. 

Campbell, LilUe, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
213, 216. 

Campbell, Margaret, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
213, 216. 

Campbell, Neil, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
213, 216. 

Campbell, Ronald, his petition for 
land, mentioned, 221. 

Campbell, Rose, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
213, 216. 

Campbell, William, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Canada Creek, mentioned, 151. 

Canojoharie, N. Y., land at, men- 
tioned, 147, 153, 156. 

Cancer, the cxire of, discussed, 274- 

Cape Briton, N. S. mentioned, 47. 

Cape May, N. J., mentioned, 276. 

Carberry, Lord, mentioned, 105. 

Cardigan, Lord, mentioned, 100. 

Carmiehell, Danield, his petition for 
land, mentioned, 221. 

Carteret, Lord, invites Col. Lewis 
Morris to his house, 137. 

Castletoun, Scotland, mentioned, 75. 

Cateracks kill, mentioned, 88, 89. 

Caterskill Creek, N. Y., mentioned, 

Chambers, John, letter of, to Cad- 
wallader Colden, 124. 

Chancery, Court of, authority of, to 
be tried, 128-131; is upheld by 
Alured Popple, 140-141; men- 
tioned, 145. 

Chandos, Duke of, equivalent lands 
reported granted to, 23, 29; men- 
tioned, 96, 138. 

Chichester, Eng., mentioned, 101. 

Chrest, Henry, bond of, mentioned, 

Chrest, Stephanus, purchases land 
from Will Sharpas, 139. 

Chrystie, Alie (daughter of David), 
mentioned, 253. 

Chrystie, Alice (daughter of James), 
mentioned, 8; is learning milli- 
nery, 253. 

Chrystie, Amber (daughter of 
David), mentioned, 253. 

Chrystie, Andrew (Colden's brother- 
in-law) mentioned, 8; letters of, 
to Cadwallader Colden, 176, 252; 
builds Malt Works, 252-253; 
comments on New York's negro 
plot, 253. 

Chrystie, Anna (daughter of David), 
mentioned, 253. 

Chrystie, Boletta (daughter of 
David), mentioned, 253. 

Chrystie, David (son of Andrew), 
mentioned, 8, 176, 252, 254, 255. 

Chrystie, David (son of David), 
mentioned, 253, 255. 

Chrystie, David (son of James), 
mentioned, 8, 176, 177, 253. 

Chrystie, Gilbert (son of James), 
mentioned, 8. 

Chrystie, Hans (son of David), men- 
tioned, 253. 

Chrystie, James (Colden's brother- 
in-law), letter of, to Cadwallader 
Colden, 7; mentioned, 3, 72, 76, 
76, 176, 254; death of, 191; his 
widow and family, 253. 

Chrystie, James (son of David), 
death of, mentioned, 253. 

Chrystie, Mrs. James, mentioned, 

Chrystie, Jorgen (son of David), 
mentioned, 253. 

Chrystie, Karen (widow of David), 
her family, mentioned, 253, 255. 

Chrystie, Karen, (daughter of 
David), mentioned, 253. 

Chrystie, Katharine (daughter of 
James), mentioned, 8, 176, 254. 

Chrystie, Marjory (daughter of 
Andrew), birth of, 252. 

Chrystie, Martha (daughter of 
David,) mentioned, 253. 

Chrystie, Mr., mentioned, 170, 185. 

Chrystie, Sarah (wife of James), 
mentioned, 8; her family, 253, 

Chrystie, Sarah (daughter of 
James), mentioned, 7, 176. 

Clare, Esther, mentioned, 190. 

Clark, Dr., mentioned, 146. 

Clarke, George, to join in with 
Quinby's Company in petitioning 
for Equivalent lands, 16, 17; de- 
clined to advocate the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Lindsey to the Naval 
Office, 18, assists in settling mat- 
ters concerning the equivalent 
lands, 20, 21, 25, 36, 51; is con- 

cerned about the report of the 
granting of the equivalent lands to 
the Duke of Chandos and others, 
23, 24; favors the full payment of 
the president's salary, 50. 

Letters of, to Cadwallader Golden, 
85, 133, 149, 161, 167, 205; men- 
tioned, 90, 109, 142. 145, 147, 160; 
is mentioned in a Bill of Equity, 
122; asks Golden to survey lus 
land near Oriskany, 133; dispute 
with Mr. Freeman, mentioned, 
142, 143; adjourns the Assembly, 
148; asks Golden's opinion as to 
certain tracts of land, 149-151; 
memorial of Gadwallader Golden 
to, concerning the transferring of 
lands by the Indians, 158-160; 
discusses the boundary line of 
Evans patent, with Gadwallader 
Golden, 161^164; thanks Golden 
for information concerning tracts 
of land at Susquehanna, 167; 
appointed a boundary commis- 
sioner, 172; to continue the ad- 
ministration of New York, 179; 
petition of Lauchlin Campbell to, 
200-202, 212-218; sets forth the 
conditions upon which Lauchlin 
Gampbell and those associated 
with nim may take up lands, 222 ; 
Golden writes to, concerning Luke 
Barrington a supposed spy or 
priest, 265-267; letter of, to 
Golden, concerning Luke Bar- 
rington, 270-271. 

Claws, Mr., mentioned in the matter 
of draining the Waywayanda 
lands, 38, 41. 

Clayton, Mr., mentioned, 283. 

Clinton, Charles, surveyor of six 
tracts of land in Orange Co., 
N. Y., 43; letter of, to Gadwalla- 
der Golden, 155; makes report on 
his siu^eying land for Golden, 
155-156; his warrant of survey, 
mentioned, 161; mentioned, 223 

Clowes, Mr., mentioned, 90. 

Cocoa tree, transplanted to Martin- 
ique by the French, 34. 

Coffee tree, transplanted to Surinam 
by the Dutch, 34. 

Golden, Alexander (father of Cad- 
wallader Golden), letters of, to 
his son, 1, 72, 168, 181; illness of, 
64-65, 73-75. 

Golden, Alexander (son of Cadwal- 
lader), mentioned, 4, 79, 84, 85, 
124, 154, 177, 180, 192. 

Golden, Alexander (son of James), 
mentioned, 3, 75, 170. 

Golden, Gadwallader, his business 
relations with James Alexander, 
4-6, 48-49; his city house to be 
rented as a tavern, 6; Zachariah 
Pollock rents his house, 6-7; a 
proprietor of the lead mine at 
Rochester, N. Y., 9, 13, 14; is 
asked to appoint a successor to 
Mr. Hunt in charge of the weigh- 
house, N. Y. City, 19; numbers 
of lots drawn for, in the equiva- 
lent lands, 21; relates the history 
of the Equivalent lands patent to 
Micajah Perry, 26-30; gives some 
general hints on the state of 
America, 30-34; Daniel Hors- 
manden introduced to, 47; in- 
quires about the Rochester mine, 
48; part of his address concerning 
the Equivalent lands to be al- 
tered, 51 ; outlines to Major Wool- 
cot the argument to be used by 
the Government of Connecticut 
in petitioning the king in reference 
to the patent for the Equivalent 
lands, 55-58; is requested to call 
on Gov. Cosby, 58; silver spoons 
left by his mother to be sent to, 
63, 79; his brother James inquires 
about purchasing land in Ameri- 
ca, 64; his father's illness, 64-65; 
is asked to mark out the lots in 
the Equivalent lands, 71; is well 
recommended to Gov. Cosby, 73; 
explains to his Aunt the reasons 
for sending his children to the city 
to be educated, 84; the northwest 
boimdary line of New York laid 
down by, in dispute, 86, 89-90; is 
informed that exceptions have 
been taken concerning Council 
Members living out of town, 91; 
his opinion asked in the dispute 
between Lord Baltimore and Wil- 
liam Penn, 96-97; gives his opin- 
ion of the boundary dispute of 
Lord Baltimore and William 
Penn, 98; birth of his son David, 
102; holds his oflfice by the kings 
pleasure and is not in the favor of 
Gov. Cosby, 102; Edward Collins 
remonstrates with, 112-114; Gov. 
Cosby should have cultivated 
the friendship of, and avoided 
trouble, 115; is appealed to by 
Horsmanden for a parcel of land, 
117, 119, 164; reported suspended 


from the office of Surveyor Gen- 
eral, 121; is charged in a bill of 
Equity, 121-122; Horsmanden 
offers to assist, 122; letter of Col. 
Morris to the Marquis of Lothian, 
explaining Colden's duties as 
Surveyor General and asking his 
assistance in preventing his re- 
moval from that office by Gov. 
Cosby, 124-128; is accused of 
being a Jacobite, 126-127; served 
with the Marquis of Lothian 
under arms at Kelso, 127; is 
subpened with others to appear 
in the Court of Chancery, 128; 
discusses with James Alexander 
the method of procedure to try 
the authority of the Court of 
Chancery, 128-131; is requested 
by George Clarke to survey his 
land near Oriskany, N. Y., 133; 
Alexander relates to, the inten- 
tion of the Oblong proprietors to 
defend their title, 134-135; Col. 
Morris relates his activities at 
London in the interests of, 135- 
138; is censured for opposing the 
authority of the Coiu-t of Chan- 
cery, 140-141 ; Dr. Douglas teUs, 
of the forming of the Boston 
Medical Society, 146-147; is 
requested to return certain War- 
rants of Siu-vey in the interests of 
Mrs. WiUiam Cosby, before the 
death of Gov. Cosby, 147-148; 
his opinion asked as to lands in 
the Mohawk Country, 149-151; 
Memorial of, to Gov. Clarke on 
the transferring of lands by the 
Indians, 158-160; George Clarke 
discusses the Evans patent bound- 
ary line with, 161-164; is in- 
formed by Clarke that his recom- 
mendations will be encouraged, 
167; boundary Commissioner, 
172, 205, 208; queries relatmg to 
the province of New York, re- 
ferred to, 175; describes an elec- 
tion in New York m 1737, 179; is 
notified of the cost of defending 
the Eqvdvalent land title and his 
payment requested, 185-186; will 
be proceeded against unless the 
Equivalent debts are paid, 187; 
is requested by Pen Hyde to find 
good land in the Mohawks Coun- 
try for which he can apply, 189; 
the Quadrant invented by, not 
approved, 206-207; is urged by 

CoUinson to continue his Indian 
history, 207-208, 245-246; John 
Bartram is reconamended to, by 
Peter Collinson, 208; his reasons 
for the need of a new quadrant, 
209-211 ; comments on the defects 
of the Geography of America, 209, 
210, thinking of revising his 
Indian History, 210-211; visits 
Newport and Boston, 222; writes 
to the owner of the half propriety 
of East New Jersey forwarding 
the offer of James Alexander to 
purchase part of the land, 230- 
232; letter of James Alexander 
and William Smith to, requesting 
him to pay his indebtedness to 
the Equivalent land Company 
upon penalty of being proceeded 
against, 232-234; an account of 
his indebtedness to the Equiva- 
lent land Company, 234-236; 
gives his bond to James Alexan- 
der and William Smith for his 
indebtedness to the Equivalent 
land company, 236-237; memo- 
randa concerning the Equivalent 
land debts, 238-242, 256-257; is 
requested for the use of his name 
in an action, 242, 243; Philip Liv- 
ingston asks, to appoint him his 
Deputy in Albany Co., 243-244; 
appoints Philip Livingston his 
deputy and states terms, 244-245 ; 
is asked by Collinson to give his 
opioion as to how America was 
peopled, 246; his brother James 
to speak to various people to gain 
their patronage for, 248-249; 
forwards the continuation of his 
history of the Indians to Peter 
Collinson for comment and pub- 
lication, 250-251 ; relates the mis- 
management of Indian affairs, 
and recites several cases, 259-261 ; 
tells Collinson of the pleasure his 
correspondences affords him and 
relates his autobiography, 261- 
263; says his removing to the 
Country avoids the vice tempta- 
tions of city life for his children, 
262; affidavit of James Mc- 
Claghry before, concerning Luke 
Barrington a supposed spy or 
priest, 264-265; writes to Lt. 
Gov. Clarke, Chief Justice of 
New York, Daniel Horsmanden 
and the Sheriff of Ulster Co., 
N. Y., concerning Luke Barring- 


ton, 265-268; VUlars Roche alias 
Luke Barrington writes to, deny- 
ing the charges brought against 
him and asks to be released from 
custody, 268-270; letter of Peter 
Collinson to, concerning the In- 
dian History and asking Colden 
for data relating to male and 
female species of animals in Amer- 
ica, 271-272; his observations on 
animal and vegetable generation 
and the need of a work on botany 
relating to American plants, 277- 
Letters written by, to 

James Alexander, 128, 203, 232, 

236, 256; 
John Alsop, 243; 

Lt. Gov. George Clarke, 265, 270; 
Peter Collinson, 208, 250, 257; 
Mrs. Elizabeth Hill, 84, 101; 
Daniel Horsmanden, 98, 267; 
Pat Lithgow, 263; 
Gilbert Livingston, 48; 
Philip Livingston, 244; 
Peter MuUender, 265; 
Micajah Perry, 26, 30; 
Mrs. Cadwallader Colden, 35, 

179, 180, 222; 
Sheriff of Ulster Co., N. Y., 268; 
William Smith, 203, 232; 
John Swinton, 230; 
Major Woolcot, 54. 
Letters written to, by 
John Alsop, 94, 160, 242; 
John Bartram, 272, 274; 
Johannis R. Bleecker, 154; 
James Brown, 71; 
John Chambers, 124; 
Andrew Chrystie, 176, 252; 
James Chrystie, 7; 
George Clarke, 85, 133, 149, 161, 

167, 205; 
Charles Clinton, 155; 
Alexander Colden, 1, 72, 168, 181; 
James Alexander, 4, 15, 16, 18, 
19, 20, 23, 24, 35, 39, 48, 59, 60, 
61, 134, 148, 187, 193, 228; 
James Colden, 63, 191, 248; 
Edward Collins, 82. 112, 153, 156, 

Peter Collinson, 207, 245, 271, 

William Cosby, 86; 
James De Lancey, 190; 
William Douglass, 146, 196, 204; 
General Assembly of Massachu- 
setts Bay, 178; 
Daniel Horsmanden, 91, 95, 99, 

103, 106, 109, 116, 118, 120, 
121, 123, 132, 141, 143, 151, 
164, 224; 
EUzabeth Hill, 92; 
Pen Hyde, 189; 

Archibald Kennedy, 86, 143, 145; 
Philip Livingston, 188, 194, 223, 

Frederick Morris, 161 ; 
Col. Lewis Morris, 135; 
Lewis Morris, Jr., 80, 100; 
Matthew Norris, 138; 
Micajah, Perry, 45, 105, 111; 
Alured Popple, 114, 140; 
William Sharpas, 139, 165; 
William Smith, 185, 187; 
John Swinton, 230; 
J. Warrell, 89; 
Charles Williams, 147; 
^ Samuel Wrath, 93; 

Colden, Cadwallader (son of James), 
mentioned, 3, 75, 170, 184, 249. 

Colden, Cadwallader, Jr., men- 
tioned, 102, 223. 

Colden, Mrs. Cadwallader (Alice 
Chrystie), mentioned, 7, 8, 17, 18, 
22, 42, 73, 82, 92, 94, 97, 111, 118, 
124, 133, 138, 143, 153, 166, 168, 
227; letters to, 35, 179, 180, 222; 
introduced to Mrs. Cosby at the 
Fort, 90. 

Colden, David (son of Cadwallader 
Colden), birth of, 102. 

Colden, Elizabeth (daughter of 
Cadwallader Colden), mentioned, 
84, 85, 124, 177, 180, 222, 223; 
dines at the Fort, 179. 

Colden, George (son of James), 
mentioned, 3, 249. 

Colden, James (brother of Cadwal- 
lader), mentioned, 3, 8, 75, 79; 
letters of, to Cadwallader Colden, 
63, 191, 248; birth of his daughter 
Katherine, 64. 

Colden, James (brother of Cad- 
wallader), inquires about pur- 
chasing land in America, 64. 

Colden, Jane, mentioned, 170. 

Colden, John (son of Cadwallader), 
Clerk of Albany, N. Y., 54; men- 
tioned, 102, 180. 

Colden, Katherine (daughter of 
James), birth of, 64, mentioned, 

Coldengham, N. Y., mentioned, 1, 
3, 7, 15, 17, 20, 22, 23, 26, 35, 42, 
54, 60, 61, 62, 72, 82, 94, 95, 101, 
114, 135, 142, 145, 149, 160, 165, 
166, 179, 181, 185, 187, 188, 194, 



195, 206, 223, 228, 230, 236, 242, 
244, 264, 265, 270, 271, 272, 277. 

Collett, John, London merchant, 
mentioned, 176. 

Collins, Edward, letter of, to Cad- 
wallader Golden, 82, 112, 153, 
156, 157; mentioned, 35, 85, 124, 
150, 151, 244; is vexed at Colden's 
attitude towards him, 113; sur- 
veys land for Horsmanden, 119, 
133; to survey George Glarke's 
land near Oriskany, 133; tells 
Golden he "will practice the 
Quadrant," 157. 

GoUins, John B., mentioned, 156. 

Gollins, Philip, settles at Gortlandts 
point, 157. 

Gollinson, Peter, letter of George 
Graham to, respecting Golden's 
Quadrant, 206-207; letter of, to 
Cadwallader Golden urging him 
to continue his Indian History, 
207-208; letter to, from Gad- 
wallader Golden, concerning the 
Quadrant, the Geography of 
America and his Indian History, 
208-211 ; letter of, to Gadwallader 
Golden, asking for information 
concerning the Natural History 
of America, and relating the pleas- 
ure he takes in the study of 
Natural History, 245-246; praises 
John Bartram for his work in 
America as a Naturahst, 247; 
Golden submits the continuation 
of his Indian History to, for cor- 
rection, comment or pubhcation, 
250-251, 258; Golden relates to, 
the mismanagement of our Indian 
Affairs, 259-261; letter of, to 
Gadwallader Golden concerning 
the Indian History and asking for 
data relating to male and female 
species of animals in America, 
271-272; letter to, from Gad- 
wallader Golden concerning vege- 
table and animal generation and 
his botanical observations, 277- 

Gompton, Job, witness, 13. 

Gonnecticut Golony, outline of an 
argument to be used by the Gov- 
ernment of the, in petitioning the 
king in reference to the patent for 
the Equivalent lands, 55-58. 

Gope, Henry, boundarj'^ commis- 
sioner, 172, 205. 

Gopenhagen, Denmark, mentioned, 

Gomel, George, boundary commis- 
sioner, 172. 

Gortlandts Point, N. Y., mentioned, 

Gosby, Gapt., warrant of survey, 
mentioned, 161. 

Gosby, Henry, land warrant of, 
mentioned, 147. 

Gosby, GoL, WiUiam, report of his 
appointment as Governor of New 
York, 49, 51 ; gives up his appoint- 
ment as Governor of the Leeward 
Islands, 49; his secretary and ser- 
vants arrive in America, 61; to 
sail with Gapt. Long, 62; Golden 
is strongly recommended to, 73: 
is provoked at a meeting of the 
GouncU, 81 ; asks Golden to call 
and see him, 86; dines with 
Archibald Kennedy, 86, com- 
plained of, by Van Dam, 95; is 
talked about in London, 100; 
mentioned, 101, 106, 137; de- 
mands one third of all grants of 
lands issued by him, 107-108; 
promises Horsmanden a grant of 
land and the Recordership of the 
Gity, 110; is blamed for the dis- 
turbances in the Golony, 112; 
complaints against, before the 
GoimcU, 114; should have culti- 
vated Golden's friendship and 
avoided trouble, 115; engages 
himself to pay part of Horsman- 
den's debts, 117; letter to the 
Marquis of Lothian to prevent, 
from removing Golden as Sur- 
veyor General, 124^128; subpenes 
Golden and others to the Court 
of Chancery, 128; Golden gains 
favor at London in his dispute 
with, 136; reported that, has 
asked leave to come home, 137; 
Alm-ed Popple upholds, in the 
authority of the Court of Chan- 
cery, 140-141; illness of, 141-142, 
143, 144, 148; Golden is requested 
to return certain warrants of 
survey in the interests of the fam- 
ily of, 147-148; Lauchlin Gamp- 
bell petitions for grants of land 
in accordance with the proclama- 
tion issued by, encouraging imi- 
gration, 200-201, 212, 220. 

Gosby, Mrs. WiUiam, receives Mrs. 
Golden at the Fort, 90; mentioned 
143, 144, 145, 148, 153; seUs land 
to Gapt. Warren, 152. 


Cosby, William, Jr., land warrant 
of, mentioned, 147. 

Cotton, Rowland, appointed to 
wait on the New York boimdary 
commissioners, 178. 

Cranstown, Lady dines with Rev. 
Alexander Golden, 74; her patron- 
age for Golden assured, 249. 

Curacoa, W. I., mentioned, 165. 

Dance Chamber, mentioned, 163. 

De Lancey, Elizabeth (Golden), 
letter of, to Mrs. Ehzabeth HUl 
her Aunt, 195; mentioned, 222, 
223, 253, 262. 

De Lancey, James, prevails upon the 
Governor to appoint Mr. Lindsey 
to the Naval Office in place of 
Alexander, 18; delays the signing 
of the president's salary warrant, 
50; objects to the Governor's 
acting with the Council in the 
payment of bUls, 81 ; letter of, to 
Cadwallader Golden, concerning 
land, 190-191; boundary Com- 
missioner, 205. 

De Lancey, Peter, mentioned, 195. 

De Lancey, Stephen, mentioned, 

De La Ware, Lord, postpones his 
coming to America, 179, 182. 

Denmark, Mr., mentioned, 94. 

DePeyster, John, patent of, men- 
tioned, 154. 

DePeyster, Mr., letter to, mentioned 

DeWitt, Gornehus, proprietors of 
the lead mine at Rochester, N. Y., 
to meet at the house of, 10 

DeWitt, Mr., witness, 89. 

Dick, Capt., land warrant of, men- 
tioned, 147. 

Dongan, Gov. Thomas, Indians con- 
fidence in, commented upon, 260. 

Douglas, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 75. 

Douglass, Rev. Walter, mentioned, 

Douglass, William, letters of, to 
Cadwallader Golden, 146, 196, 
204; tells Golden of the formation 
of the Boston Medical Society, 
146-7, describes a fever epidemic 
in New England 1736-8; 196-200; 
comments on the settlement of 
the Massachusetts and New 
Hampshire Boundary, 204. 

Dover, N. Y., mentioned, 160. 

Dow, Volkert, Jr., witness, 54. 

Downing, Capt. brings Gov. Cosby's 

Secretary to New York, 61 ; men- 
tioned, 62. 

Drummond, John, Sheriff of Am- 
boy, death of, 166. 

Duane, Anthony, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Dugdale, Mr., is suggested to suc- 
ceed Mr. Hunt in charge of the 
Weighhouse, N. Y. City, 19, 20. 

Dunbar, Mr., mentioned, 143. 

Dunbar, Scotland, mentioned, 252, 
253, 255. 

Dunning, Mr., appointed Sheriff of 
Orange County, 166; mentioned, 

Dunderbergh Hill, mentioned, 43. 

East Indies, spices of the, 34. 

East Jersey, James Alexander offers 
to purchase a part of the half 
propriety of, 228-229; Golden 
forwards Alexander's offer to the 
owner of the half propriety of, 

Edinburgh, Scotland, mentioned, 
73, 75. 

Eells, Major, mentioned, 58. 

Eels, Capt. Thomas, arrives at New 
York, 269-270. 

Egg Harbor, N. J., mentioned, 276. 

Ellison, Mr., mentioned, 100, 167. 

Ennerwyck, Scotland, mentioned, 3. 

Epidemic, in New England, 1736-8, 
described by Dr. Douglass, 196- 

Equivalent lands, to be petitioned 
for, 16; boundary of, to be deter- 
mined, 16, 17; mentioned, 18; 
patent for, delivered, 20; charges 
for settling matters concerning 
the, 20-21; reported granted to 
the Duke of Ghandos and others, 
23; patent for, disputed, 24-26, 
35, 36-38, 39-41, 51; patent for, 
being printed, 26; history of the, 
related by Golden, 26-30, 31 ; New 
England people interested in 
settling on the, 50-51 ; outline of 
an argument to be used by the 
Government of Connecticut in 
petitioning the king in reference 
to the patent for the Equivalent 
lands, 55-58; English patent to 
the, obtained by false statements 
concerning the lands, 57; Mr. 
Harrison to settle runaways and 
thieves upon, 59; Mr. Brown to 
keep ]\Ir. Harrison off the, 60, 



71; articles of agreement between 
the patentees of the, 65-71 ; Hors- 
manden's opinion of the, dispute, 
119; meeting of the Proprietors 
of the, decides to defend their 
title, 134; affairs of, in suspence, 
142, 145; cost of defending the 
title of, 186; letter of James Alex- 
ander and William Smith to the 
debtors of the Equivalent Com- 
pany, 187; proprietors of, sum- 
moned to Court by Joseph Mur- 
ray for debt, 203; letter of Cad- 
wallader Colden concerning the 
debt of the proprietors of the, 
203-204; Colden gives his bond 
to cover his indebtedness for the, 
236-237; memoranda of Colden's 
concerning the indebtedness, 238- 
242, 256-257. 

Esopus, N. Y., boatmen are ex- 
pected to encourage the weigh- 
house, 19; mentioned, 167, 273. 

Evans, Capt. John, lands of, men- 
tioned, 43. 

Evans, Patent, mentioned, 92; war- 
rant for granting all vacant lands 
in the, mentioned, 123; bounds 
of, discussed, 161-163. 

Evans, Peter, mentioned, 189 

Eyles, Sir, Joseph, his patent for 
equivalent lands disputed, 24, 
36, 37; copy of his petition sent 
Alexander by Mr. Paris, 62. 

Farmar, Capt., mentioned, 230. 

Felton, John, land warrant of, men- 
tioned, 147. 

FitzWaller, Lord, letter of, men- 
tioned, 144. 

Flamen, Cornelius, mentioned in 
Equivalent lands dispute, 20, 67, 

Flamstead, Mr., mentioned, 206, 

Fletcher, Gov. Benjamin, Indians 
confidence in, commented upon, 

Forbes, Lord, mentioned as succes- 
sor to Gov. Montgomery, 26. 

Foreign Affairs, discussed by Mica- 
jah Perry, 112. 

Forster, Mr., mentioned, 91. 

Fort George, N. Y. City, fire at, 
mentioned, 189, 225. 

Eraser, Charles, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Eraser, Robert, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 216. 
Freeman, Mr., dispute with George 
Clarke, mentioned, 142, 143. 

Gaasbeck, Col. Abraham, to hold 
the articles of agreement for work- 
ing the lead mine at Rochester, 
N. Y., 12; mentioned, 81. 

Gardner, John, boundary Commis- 
sioner, 172. 

Gatehouse, Mr., mentioned, 141, 
143, 145, 165. 

Gilbert, Col., sworn in as attorney 
of the Supreme Court, 59. 

Gilchrist, Duncan, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

Gillatawagh, N. Y., mentioned, 163. 

Gillis, Alexander, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

Gillis, James, mentioned in Lauch- 
lin Campbell's petition, 214, 217. 

Glasgow, Scotland, mentioned, 75. 
254, 255. 

Glen, Mr., his purchase of land, 
mentioned, 151, 154. 

Graham, Alexander, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

Graham, Edward, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

213, 216. 

Graham, George, letter of, to Peter 
CoUinson, respecting Colden's 
Quadrant, 206-207; convinces 
Colden that his Quadrant will 
not succeed, 209, 257; mentioned, 
210; is pleased with Colden's 
Indian History, 245-6. 

Graham, Jamee, mentioned, 146. 

Graham, William, mentioned in 
boundary line dispute, 89. 

Great Britain, maniifactures of, can- 
not be rivalled in America, 32; 
trade with America, 46-47. 

Green, Patrick, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 216. 

Grierson, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 75. 

Groesbeek, John, mentioned, 156. 

Groesbeck, Mr., mentioned, 113. 

Grote Valskill, mentioned, 87. 

Grusbeck, John, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Gutherie, William, book by, men- 
tioned, 182. 


Halenbeeck, Johannis, Indian deed 
to, 87. 

Halifax, Earl of, brother-in-law to 
Gov. Cosby of New York, 49, 62, 
73, 125. 

Hall, Rev. George, mentioned, 3. 

Hamilton, John, boundary Commis- 
sioner, 172, 205. 

Hamilton, Otho, boundary Commis- 
sioner, 172, 205. 

Hampton, N. H., boundary Com- 
mission to meet at, 173, 178. 

Hamuli, Murdock, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Haring, [Cornelius], mentioned, 81. 

Hardenbergh, Gerardus, a proprie- 
tor of the lead mine at Rochester, 
N. Y., 9, 13, 14. 

Hardinbergh Patent, mentioned, 

Harrison, Francis, mentioned in 
the Equivalent land patent dis- 
pute, 25; referred to as having 
written to the Duke of Chandos 
to obtain the Kings Grant in 
England of the Equivalent lands, 
29-30; ways discussed for coun- 
terplotting, 35-36; intends to 
settle runaways and thieves upon 
the Equivalent lands, 59; to be 
kept from the Equivalent lands 
by Mr. Brown, 60; is persuading 
some people to settle on the 
Equivalent lands, 71; to be suc- 
ceeded as Recorder by Daniel 
Horsmanden, 110; trial between, 
and Mr. Truesdale, mentioned, 
126, 143; disappearance of, 142; 
boundary Commissioner, 20, 172, 

Hashels, Mr., mentioned, 180. 

Hauley, Thomas, grant of part of 
the Equivalent lands to, 65, 68. 

Hawick, Scotland, mentioned, 75. 

Haywood, John, mentioned, in 
Evans patent boundary line dis- 
cussion, 161-163. 

Hazard, Mr., to apply for a grant 
of land, 93-94; mentioned in an 
action, 242. 

Heath, Samuel, mentioned, 4, 5, 22, 
23, 82, 93, 109, 161, 190; is sug- 
gested again to take charge of 
the Weighhouse, 19; present at 
drawing lots for Equivalent lands, 

Hell Gate, N. Y. City, mentioned, 

Henderson, James, mentioned in 
Lauchhn Campbell's petition, 

Henderson, Mr., mentioned, 145. 

Herring, Col, mentioned, 167. 

Hide, Mrs., mentioned, 143. 

Hill, Mr., to remind Gov. Cosby of 
Colden upon parting from Eng- 
land, 73. 

Hill, Mrs. Elizabeth (Colden's 
Aunt), letter to, from CadwaUa- 
der Colden, 84, 101 ; letter of, to 
Cadwallader Colden, 92 ; stopping 
with Colden, 181; letter to, from 
John Armitt, 189; letter to, from 
Elizabeth De Lancey, 195. 

Hinson, Capt., arrived from Cur- 
acoa, 165. 

Hoffman, Martin, witness, 88, 89. 

Hofman, Zachariah, bond of, men- 
tioned, 139, 140. 

Hook, Dr., of Gresham College, 
mentioned, 206, 209. 

Hornebeck, Cornelius, a proprietor 
of the lead mine at Rochester, 
N.Y., 9, 11, 13, 14. 

Hornebeck, Lodewick, a proprietor 
of the lead mine at Rochester, 
N. Y., 9, 13, 14. 

Hornebeck, Tobias, witness, 13. 

Horsmanden, Daniel, introduced to 
Colden, by Micajah, Perry, 47; 
sworn in as attorney of the Su- 
preme Court, 59; letters of, to 
Cadwallader Colden, 91, 95, 99, 
103, 106, 109, 116, 118, 120, 121, 
123, 132, 141, 143, 151, 164, 224; 
recommendation of, as Coimcel- 
lor, complained of, 95; thanks the 
Colden family for his hospitable 
entertainment, 97; seeks the Gov- 
ernor's approval for a grant of 
land, 97, 99; letter of Cadwallader 
Colden to, 98 ; professes his friend- 
ship for Cadwallader Colden and 
asks particulars concerning a 
grant of land he is seeking, 103- 
104; applies for a grant of land 
106-108; Col. Morris's emnity 
towards, 109; Gov. Cosby promi- 
ses a grant of land to, 110; to be 
Recorder of the City, 110; men- 
tioned, 111, 112; relates to Colden 
an attack made upon his charac- 
ter, 116-117; his opinion of the 
Equivalent lands dispute, 119; 
appeals to Colden for assistance, 
119; hears that Colden has been 
suspended from the office of 



Surveyor General, 121; offers to 
assist him, 122; tells Golden of 
the scheme to have all vacant 
lands in Evans Patent granted, 
123; drafts the "Oblong" bill, 
132; asks Golden to lay out his 
land in lots, to facilitate his dis- 
posing of them, 152; applies for 
more land believing it the best 
source for getting money, 153; 
tells Golden the news and asks 
him to advise him of some land 
for which he can apply for a grant, 
164-165; drafts the Report of 
the Committee on the petition of 
Lauchlin Gampbell, 219, 222; 
describes the negro plot in a letter 
to GadwaUader Golden, 225-227; 
letter of GadwaUader Golden to, 
concerning Luke Barrington, a 
supposed spy or priest, 267; to 
stop at ffingston and examine 
Luke Barrington, 270. 

Hoseck Patent, mentioned, 153. 

Hudson River, Map of, made by 
John Bartram, mentioned, 247. 

Hudson, William, mentioned, 190. 

Hughson, John, a principal promo- 
ter in the Negro plot, 225 

Hull, Mr., Gollector for Burlington, 
N. J., mentioned, 26. 

Hunt, Obadiah, mentioned, 4, 6, 
18; his son arrested for debt, 19; 
desires Alexander to take the 
Weighhouse into his care, 19. 

Hunter, Archibald, land of, men- 
tioned, 193. 

Hunter, James, land of, mentioned, 

Hunter, Gov. Robert, invited Gol- 
den to settle in New York, 262. 

Hutchinson, Samuel, mentioned, 

Hyde, Pen, letter of, to GadwaUader 
Golden asking to advise him of 
good land for which he can apply 
for a grant, 189. 

Hay, Lord, recommends Golden to 
Gov. Gosby, 73. 

Indian Purchase of Equivalent 
Lands, mentioned, 21. 

Indians: mentioned, 188, 189; deed 
land to John H. Lydius, 52; two 
children of, sent to Eiu-ope to 
be educated, 64; deed land 
to Johannis Halenbeeck, 87; re- 
ported that French Emissarys 
have been amongst the Seneca, 

109; memorial of GadwaUader 
Golden to Gov. Glarke on the 
transferring of land by the, 158- 
160; claims of the, in the Evans 
Patent, mentioned, 163; Golden is 
urged to continue his history of 
the, 207-208, 210; Golden for- 
wards the continuation of his 
history of, to Peter GoUinson, for 
comment and publication, 250- 
251, 258; the mismanagement of 
Indian affairs related by Golden, 
259-261; are cheated by mer- 
chants, 259-60. 
Ireland, Adam, mentioned in set- 
tling Equivalent land releases, 
20, 37; land released to, 65, 66. 

Jamaica, L. I., people of, inoculated 

for smallpox, 42; mentioned, 85. 
Jamaic, W. I., mentioned, 100, 101, 

Jedburgh, Scotland, mentioned, 181, 

Jew, rents Golden's city house, 6-7. 
Johnston, Archibald, mentioned in 

Lauchlin GampbeU's petition, 

214, 216. 
Jones, Dr., of Merrion, death of, 

mentioned, 190. 
Jones, Mr., mentioned, 189. 
Jons, Thomas, witness, 88. 

KeUy, Mr., mandamus to restore 
him to practice in the Mayor's 
Gourt, secured, 59; land of, men- 
tioned, 154. 

Kelso, Scotland, mentioned, 127. 

Kennedy, Archibald, mentioned, 6, 
18, 90, 167; objects to full pay- 
ment of the president's salary', 50; 
letters of, to GadwaUader Golden, 
86, 143, 145; entertains Gov. Gos- 
by, 86; prepares case about Quit- 
rents for the Governor, 96, 98; 
mentioned in Bill of Equity, 122; 
desires to purchase Mrs. Bretts 
house, 143; boundary commis- 
sioner, 205; mentioned, 232. 

Kennedy, Mrs. Archibald, men- 
tioned, 147. 

Kennedykill, mentioned, 151. 

Kerstead, Mr., mentioned, 93. 

Kettelhuyn, Mr., warrant of survey 
of, mentioned, 124. 

KetteU, Mr., mentioned, 116. 

Kingston, N. Y., mentioned, 10, 
97, 99, 108, 270, 273 ; Luke Barring- 
ton confined in jail, 266, 268. 


Kingston, N. Y., epidemic of small- 
pox at, 48; besieged by the In- 
dians, mentioned, 259. 

Kirbride, Joseph, death of, men- 
tioned, 190. 

Kirkland, Mr., mentioned, 230. 

Knickbacker, Cornelis, witness, 88. 

Knowles, Francis, mentioned, 93, 

Lane, Henry, mentioned, 95, 270. 

Langdale, John, mentioned, 190. 

Lansingh, Mr., mentioned, 191. 

Lautie, Mr., mentioned, 3. 

Lawrence, Capt., mentioned, 49. 

Laws, Mr., mentioned, 58. 

Leadbetton, Mr., mentioned, 206. 

Lead mine, articles of agreement 

for working the at Rochester, 

N. Y., 9-14, mentioned, 15, 48. 

Lecount, John, mentioned, 149. 

Leeward Islands, Col. Cosby re- 
called as Governor of the, 49. 

Leheup, Mr., reports the granting 
of the Equivalent lands to the 
Duke of Chandos and others, 

Lenton, Scotland, mentioned, 3. 

Letellier, Mr., his account men- 
tioned, 4. 

Lewis, Mr., mentioned, 58. 

Lindsey, John, land warrant of, 
mentioned, 147. 

Lindsey, Mr., is granted the Naval 
Office held by Alexander, 18. 

Lindsay, Mr., mentioned, 113, 191, 

Lindsaj^, Mr., land of, mentioned, 

Lisbon, Portugal, mentioned, 135, 

Lithgow, Pat, letter to, from Cad- 
wallader Colden stating terms up- 
on which he may discharge an 
obUgation, 263-264. 

Little Brittain, N. Y., mentioned, 

Livingston, Gilbert, a proprietor 
of the lead mine at Rochester, 
N. Y., 9, 13, 14; letter to, from 
Cadwallader Colden, 48. 

Livingston, John, mentioned, 224. 

Livingston, Mr., mentioned, 82, 83, 

Livingston, Peter, mentioned, 224. 

Livingston, Peter VanB., mentioned 
in Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Livingston, Peter VanB., his pe- 

tition for a grant of land referred 
to Colden, 149^-151. 

Livingston, Phihp, to buy lumber 
for James Alexander, 60; bound- 
ary Commissioner, 172, 205; 
letters of, to Cadwallader Colden 
concerning land, 188, 194, 223. 

Livingston, Philip, Jr., letter of, to 
Cadwallader Colden, asking to 
be appointed as Colden's Deputy 
in Albany County, 243-244; 
letter of Cadwallader Colden to, 
appointing him his deputy, 244- 

Livingston, Robert, mentioned, 224. 

Livingston, Robert, Jr., mentioned 
in Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Logan, James, mentioned, 179. 

London, Eng., mentioned, 26, 30, 
42, 45, 49, 100, 105, 111, 135, 168, 
171, 176, 177, 181, 182, 230, 231, 
245, 252, 254, 255, 271. 

Long, Capt., to bring Gov. Cosby to 
America, 62; mentioned, 96, 99, 
103, 104, 116; his partnership with 
Daniel Horsmanden for a grant 
of land, 106-108; to sail, 133. 

Lothian, Marquis of, tells of Col- 
den being in favor with Gov. 
Cosby, 73; letter to, from Col. 
Morris, asking his assistance in 
preventing Colden's removal from 
the office of Siu^eyor General, 
124-128; is willing to assist Col- 
den in his dispute with Gov. 
Cosby, 136; Colden's desire to 
gain the patronage of, mentioned, 

Lott, Johannis, mentioned, 149. 

Ludlow, Gabriel, six tracts of land 
in Orange Co., N. Y., surveyed 
for, 43. 

Ludlow, William, six tracts of land 
in Orange Co., N. Y., surveyed 
for, 43. 

Lumber trade, of America, its pos- 
sibilities, 33; mentioned, 47. 

Lydius, Rev. John, mentioned, 52. 

Lydius, John H., land deeded to, by 
the Indians, 52. 

Lynch, Mr., mentioned, 185. 

McAlpine, Robert, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

McArthur, Alexander, mentioned 

in Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 217. 


McArthur, Duncan, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

McArthur, Neil, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

McArthur, Patrick, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

McArthur, Peter, his petition for 
land, mentioned, 221. 

McClaghry, James, affidavit of, 
before Cadwallader Colden, con- 
cerning Luke Barrington, a sup- 
posed spy or priest, 264-265. 

McClay, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 75. 

McCloud, Donald, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

McCoUum, Duncan, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
213, 216. 

McCords, Robert, mentioned, 265. 

MaccuUom, Mr., his security for a 
debt accepted, 16. 

McCunnell, John, mentioned in 
Lauchhn Campbell's petition, 

213, 216. 

McDougald, Allan, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 216. 

McDowgald, Archibald, mentioned 

in Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 217. 
McDougald, Dimcan, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 216. 
McDougald, Hugh, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

McDougald, Ronald, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 216. 
McDuffie, Archibald, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 217. 
McDuffie, Malcollym, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 217. 
McEowen, Archibald, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

213, 216. 
McEowen, MalcoUum, mentioned 

in Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

213, 216. 
McGregory, Patrick, mentioned, 45. 
Mcintosh, Mr., land of, mentioned, 


Mcintosh, Phineas, mentioned in 

an action, 242, 243. 
Mclntoshes, their landing at the 

Firth of Edinborough, mentioned, 

Mclntyre, James, mentioned, 265. 
M elver, John, mentioned in Lauch- 
lin Campbell's petition, 213. 
McKellar, Archibald, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition 214, 

McKellar, Charles, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 216. 
Macklester, Daniel, mentioned, 230. 
McLand, Donald, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

McLean, Lauchlin, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

213, 216. 

McMuUen, Donald, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 216. 

McNaught, Alexander, mentioned 
in Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217, 221. 

McNeal, John, land of, mentioned, 
193, 194. 

McNeal, John, his petition for land 
mentioned, 221. 

McQuarie, John, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

Magin, Timothy, land of, men- 
tioned, 188. 

Manufactures in America, cannot 
succeed if carried on in Evu-ope, 
reasons for, 32-33. 

Markham, Mr., mentioned, 223. 

Martlers Rock, mentioned, 44. 

Massachusetts Bay, letter of the 
General Assembly of, to Cad- 
wallader Colden requesting the 
attendance of the New York 
Boundary Commissioners at 
Hampton, N. H., 178. 

Massachusetts Boundary Commis- 
sion for settling the; between 
Mass. and New Hampshire, 172- 
175; settlement of, commented 
upon, 204; Commission for set- 
tling the Rhode Island and, 205, 

Mathews, Vincent, mentioned, 18, 
35, 41, 81, 85, 91, 95, 97, 99, 100, 
101, 106, 108, 112, 113, 117, 121, 
123, 132, 134, 135, 137, 164, 165; 
166, 167, 223, 232, 233, 236, 237, 


spends an evening with Horsman- 
den, 118; mentioned in Bill of 
Equity, 122; mentioned in Sub- 
pena with Golden, 128. 

Medical Society of Boston, formed, 

Meltypach, Matthias, bond of, 
mentioned, 139. 

Merrill, Richard, mentioned, 148. 

Milliken, Alexander, land of, men- 
tioned, 193. 

Miller, Rev., Mr., mentioned, 75. 

Miln, Mr., land granted to, men- 
tioned, 150. 

Mine, articles of agreement for 
working the lead, at Rochester, 
N. Y., ^14; at Rochester, N. Y., 
mentioned, 48. 

Minisinck Patent, mentioned, 163. 

Mississippi, mentioned, 47. 

Moffet, Dr. Thomas, mentioned, 

Mohawk Country, petition for, 
grant of lands in the, mentioned, 

Mohawk River Falls of, drawn by 
John Bartram, mentioned, 247. 

Montague, Duke of, mentioned, 
100, 125. 

Montgomerie, Alexander, his peti- 
tion for land, mentioned, 221. 

Montgomery, Alexander, men- 
tioned in Lauchlin Campbell's 
petition, 214, 216. 

Montgomery, Gov. John, death of, 
mentioned, 23, 26, 49; mentioned, 

Moore, John, of Philadelphia, men- 
tioned, 48. 

Moore, Mr., mentioned, 144, 270. 

Morbattle, Scotland, mentioned, 7, 
176, 177, 185. 

Morrice, Frederick, mentioned, 175. 

Morris, E., mentioned, 190. 

Morris, Frederick, letter of, to Cad- 
wallader Golden concerning land, 

Morris, Col. Lewis, complained of 
as living out of the province of 
New Jersey while council mem- 
ber there, 15; mentioned in 
salary warrant dispute, 50; his 
emnity towards Horsmanden, 
109-110, 119; letter of, to the 
Marquis of Lothian, 124; and 
his son in good health in London, 
135; letter of, to Cadwallader 
Golden, 135; relates his activities 

in Golden's interests at London, 
135-138; is invited to the homes 
of Micajah Perry and Lord 
Carteret, 137; reported that he 
has lost hope concerning liis appeal 
at London, 153; retires to Hell 
Gate, 164; mentioned, 90, 93, 94, 

Morris, Lewis, Jr., letters of, to 
Cadwallader Golden, 80, 100; 
mentioned, 239, 241, 242. 

Morris, Mr., mentioned, 85. 

Morrisania, N. Y., people of, inocu- 
lated for smallpox, 42. 

Morrison, Mr., mentioned, 81. 

Moss, Norway, mentioned, 177, 252, 
254, 255. 

Mullender, Peter, mentioned, 264, 
letter of Cadwallader Golden to, 

Munting, Abraham, mentioned,275. 

Mm-derers KiU, N. Y., mentioned, 

Murray, Joseph, retained as Covm- 
cil in patent dispute for the 
Equivalent lands, 24, 36; men- 
tioned, 17, 40, 41, 130, 204, 238, 
239; to proceed against the 
delators of the Equivalent Com- 
pany, 187; letter of, to the Equi- 
valent Land proprietors request- 
ing their appearance in the 
Supreme Court on account of 
their indebtedness to him, 203; 
has obtained judgment against 
the Equivalent Land Company, 

Natm-al History, GoUinson asks 
Golden for data concerning the 
male and female species of Ani- 
mals of America, 272; Seneca 
Snake root found by Bartram 
in the Highlands, 273, 277; Aspin 
trees, mentioned, 273; observa- 
tions by Bartram on certain 
plants and their medicinal bene- 
fits, 274-277; Bartram's observa- 
tions on the nature of bears, 276; 
Golden's observations on vege- 
table and animal generation, 278- 

Negro Plot in New York City, 
described by Horsmanden, 225- 
227; mentioned, 253. 

Negroes, mentioned, 24, 59; high 
cost of, in America, 32. 

Nepenagh, N. Y., mentioned, 9. 

Newburgh, N. Y., lumber to be 



landed at, for building store 
houses, 60; mentioned, 35, 94, 

Newcastle, Duke of, mentioned, 
116, 125, 126, 127, 136. 

New England, fever epidemic, 1736- 
8, in, described by Dr. Douglass, 

New England, and Virginia only 
colonies represented at Parlia- 
ment session, 47. 

New Fairfield, Conn., land at, to 
be shown to a company of New 
England people, 50; mentioned, 

59, 71. 

Newfoundland fisheries,rmentioned, 

New Hampshire Boundary Commis- 
sion for settling the, between, 
and Massachusetts, 172-175; set- 
tlement of; commented upon, 

New Jersey, East, James Alexan- 
der offers to purchase a part of 
the half propriety of, 228-229; 
Colden forwards Alexander's offer 
to the owner of the half propriety, 

New Jersey, politics, 15, 16, 92. 

New London, Conn., mentioned, 26. 

New Windsor, N. Y., mentioned, 

New York City, mentioned, 6, 15, 
17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 35, 39, 46, 48, 

60, 71, 80, 85, 86, 89, 91, 93, 95, 

99, 100, 103, 106, 109, 116, 118, 
120, 121, 123, 124, 132, 133, 135, 
138, 140, 141, 143, 147, 148, 149, 
151, 160, 164, 166, 167, 179, 180, 
185, 193, 195, 202, 203, 206, 222, 
228, 232, 250, 270; Weighhouse, 
Mr. Dugdale and Mr. Heath are 
suggested to succeed Mr. Hunt 
in charge of the, 19; mentioned, 
190; Black Horse and Tods 
Taverns, mentioned, 146; Hell 
Gate, mentioned, 164; Fire at 
Fort George, mentioned, 225; 
Negro plot, described by Hors- 
manden, 225-227; mentioned, 253. 

New York, pohtics, 18, 80-82, 86, 

100, 109, 112, 121-122, 132-133, 
148-149, 164, 166, 179; the dis- 
pute in Council concerning the 
salary of the president, 50; North- 
west boundary line of, in dispute, 
86, 89-90, 92; assembly of, to 
meet, 91; queries relating to the 
province of, 175. 

Nichols, Mr., mentioned, 25, 26. 
NicoU, John, mentioned in Lauch- 

lin Campbell's petition, 213. 
Niellie, Mrs., mentioned, 62. 
Noble, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 74. 
Norris, Matthew, letter of, to 

Cadwallader Golden, 138; asks 

Colden's advice about selling his 

tract of land, 138. 
Norris, Mrs. Matthew, mentioned, 

Norwalk, Conn., mentioned, 67, 71, 

235, 241. 
Nottingham, Mr., mentioned, 35. 
Noxon, Mr., mentioned in Evans 

Patent boundary line discussion, 

Nutt, James, mentioned in LauchUn 

Campbell's petition, 214, 217. 

Oblong bill, draft of, mentioned, 

Oblong, see Equivalent Lands. 

Ogilvie, Rev. William., mentioned, 3. 

Orange County, N. Y., survey of 
six tracts of land in, 43^5. 

Orange, Prince of, arrives in Eng- 
land to marry the Royal Prin- 
cess, 105; mentioned, 112. 

Oriskany, N. Y., George Clarke 
requests his land near, to be sur- 
veyed, 133. 

Oswego, N. Y., trading post at, 
mentioned, 259, 263. 

Otter Creek, N. Y., mentioned, 

Oxnam, Scotland, mentioned, 1, 63 , 
72, 171. 

Pacheco, Rodregs, London mer- 
chant, mentioned, 230, 231. 

Pachew, Mr., letter of, to Mr. De- 
Peyster, mentioned, 135. 

Palatine Purchase, mentioned, 188. 

Paris, Mr., has not answered Alex- 
ander's letter, 18; Equivalent 
land claims forwarded to, 36, 37, 
39, 40; retains counsel in England 
for New York Equivalent land 
patentees, 62; mentioned, 136, 
238, 239. 

Parish, Mr., mentioned, 105. 

Parker, John, mentioned, 15; death 
of, 82. 

Parmyter, Mrs., his house men- 
tioned, 6. 

Pawling, Albert, a proprietor of 
the lead mine at Rochester, N. Y., 
9, 13, 14; mentioned, 81. 


Peagrum, Mr., Surveyor General at 
Boston, mentioned, 118. 

Pearce, Capt., mentioned, 50, 100; 
sails, 82. 

Pearce, Mrs. (sister of Lewis Morris, 
Jr.), mentioned, 100. 

Peconasink, N. Y., mentioned, 163. 

Perrce, Capt., mentioned, 6. 

Pelham, T., letter of, mentioned, 

Penn, William, his boundary dis- 
pute with Lord Baltimore, men- 
tioned, 96, 97, 98. 

Perry, Jonathan, a patentee for the 
Equivalent lands, 24, 30. 

Perry, Micajah, London Merchant, 
Equivalent lands reported granted 
to, 23; not the Perry mentioned 
in the patent, 24; Colden's letter 
to, concerning the Equivalent 
lands, patent, 26-30; Colden's 
letter to, concerning some gen- 
eral hints on the state of America, 
30-34; mentioned, 36, 37, 39, 110, 
118, 120, 123, 136; letters of, to 
CadwaUader Colden, 45, 105, 111; 
represents Virginia at Parliament 
session, 47; introduces Daniel 
Horsmanden to Colden, 47. 

Peters, Mr., mentioned, 83. 

Petre, Lord, a promoter of the study 
of Botany, death of, mentioned, 

Petri, Johan J., petitions for land, 

Peyton, Capt., his arrival, 101, 138. 

Phaladelphia, Pa., mentioned, 48, 
85, 92, 103, 135, 138, 146, 189, 
247, 248, 274. 

Philip, Erasnus J., boundary Com- 
missioner, 172, 205. 

PhUipse, Mr., wins in the election, 
179, mentioned, 17. 

Pitkiskaker Creek, N. Y., men- 
tioned, 163. 

Piatt, Epenetus, mentioned, 149. 

Plendirleith, Scotland, mentioned, 

Plummer, H., letter of, mentioned, 

Plymouth, England, mentioned, 

Pollack, Zachariah, rents Colden's 
city house, 6. 

Popple, Alured, letters of, to Cad- 
waUader Colden, 114, 140; regrets 
that Gov. Cosby did not cultivate 
Colden's friendship and avoid 
trouble, 115; is surprised at Col- 

den's opposition to the Court of 
Chancerv when he formerly up- 
held it, i40-141; mentioned, 15. 

Porter, John, mentioned in Lauch- 
lin Campbell's petition, 214. 

Post, Abraham, witness, 89. 

Potter, John, boundary Commis- 
sioner, 172. 

President of the Council, his salary 
in dispute, 50. 

Preston, Margaret, mentioned, 190. 

Providence, R. I., Commission for 
settUng the boundary of Mass. 
and R. I. to meet at, 205, 208; 
mentioned, 223. 

Provost, Wilham, boundary Com- 
missioner, 172, 205. 

Puplop's Kill, mentioned, 43. 

Quadrant, letter of George Graham, 
respecting Colden's invention of 
a, 206-207; the need of a new, 
related by Colden, 209-211, 258. 

Quebec, Canada, mentioned, 47. 

Quinby, Mr., to petition for some 
of the Equivalent land, 16. 

Quit Rents, Case of, mentioned, 96. 

Ralls, Capt., of Rye, N. Y., meeting 
of the Oblong proprietors held at, 

Ratsey, Capt., arrived from Jamai- 
ca, 165. 

Rattle Snake bite. Cure of, 275. 

Reading, John, boundary Com- 
missioner, 172, 205. 

Reede, Duncan, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

Reeder, Joseph, wants his land sur- 
veyed, 94. 

Rheubarb, cultivation of, in Amer- 
ica, advocated by Colden, 34. 

Rhode Island Boundary Commis- 
sion for settling the Mass. and, 
205, 209. 

Richard, Mr., mentioned, 144. 

Ridgefield, Conn., people of, to 
join in with Quinby's Company in 
petitioning for Equivalent lands, 
16; releases by the people of, 
executed, 20, 21; to have a grant 
of land in the Equivalent lands 
settlement, 28; mentioned in 
Equivalent lands dispute, 37, 55, 
60, 61, 70, 71, 72; mentioned, 235, 
236, 239, 240, 241, 256. 

Riggs, Capt., marries Molly Watts, 
59; mentioned, 82, 223. 


Roberts, Mrs., mentioned, 166. 

Robisone, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 75. 

Robisson, Septruins, mentioned, 190. 

Roche, ViUars (alias Luke Barring- 
ton), letter of, to Cadwallader 
Golden, denjdng the charges 
against him, revealing his hfe 
history and asking to be released 
from custody, 268-270. 

Rochester Ulster Co., N. Y., articles 
of agreement for working the lead 
mine at, 9-14; mine at, men- 
tioned, 48. 

Rochester Ulster Co., N. Y., men- 
tioned, 266. 

Rogers, Israel, land of, mentioned, 

Roots, W., sells his lot of the 
Equivalent lands, 37. 

Rose, John, mentioned in an action, 

Rosevelt, Jan., a proprietor of the 
lead mine at Rochester, N. Y., 9, 
13, 14. 

Row, Capt., reports Col. Cosby's 
appointment as Governor of New 
York, 51. 

Rowe, Henry, witness, 13. 

Rutgers, Anthony, a proprietor of 
the lead mine at Rochester, N. Y., 
9, 13, 14; declares in favor of 
Van Dam, 148. 

Rutgers, Mr., Colden's letter to, 
mentioned, 81. 

Rutgers, Petrus, a proprietor of the 
lead mine at Rochester, N. Y., 9, 
13, 14. 

Rutherford, John, to command an 
independent company, 249. 

Rutherford, Sir John, of Edgerton, 
mentioned, 249. 

Rutsen, Col. Jacob, the heirs ex- 
pected to commence a suit in law 
to get possession of the Rochester 
lead mine, 14; mentioned, 17. 

Ryders, Mr., his answers to Equiva- 
lent land queries, mentioned, 

Rye, N. Y., mentioned, 67; Oblong 
Proprietors meet at, 134. 

Sacket, John, abstract of a letter of, 

Sackett, Mr., mentioned, 161 ; men- 
tioned in an action, 242. 

Salary of the President of the Coun- 
cil, disputed, 50. 

Salisbmy, N. Y., mentioned, 168. 

Sampson, Samuel, mentioned, 155. 

Sandilands, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 

Saratoga, N. Y., mentioned, 25, 244. 

Schenectady, N. Y., mentioned, 151. 

Schoharie, N. Y., land at, men- 
tioned, 147, 156. 

Schoonmaker, Jan, a proprietor of 
the lead mine at Rochester, N. Y., 
9, 13, 14. 

Schut, Hendryck, witness, 89. 

Schut, Johannis, witness, 89. 

Schuyler, John, land of, mentioned, 

Schuyler, Mrs., mentioned, 83. 

Schuyler, Myndert, patent of, men- 
tioned, 154. 

Schuyler, Nicholas, mentioned, 133. 

Schuyler, Philip, mentioned, 149. 

Scott, Mr. (nephew of Sir Patrick 
Scott), returns to England, 73, 79. 

Scott, Mr., land granted to, men- 
tioned, 150. 

Scott, Sir Patrick, mentioned, 73. 

Scrimley, Mr., purchased land, 49; 
his bond received, 62. 

Seely, Samuel, mentioned in an 
action, 242. 

Seneca Snake root, found by Bar- 
tram in the Highlands, 273. 

Shangunk River, mentioned, 155. 

Sharpas, William, mentioned, 90; 
signs subpena, 128; letter of, to 
Cadwallader Colden, 139 165; 
sells landto Stephanus Chrest, 139. 

Shaw, Donald, mentioned in Lauch- 
lin Campbell's petition, 214, 216. 

Shaw, John, mentioned in LauchUn 
Campbell's petition, 214, 216. 

Shawangunk, N. Y., mentioned, 

Sherriffe, William, boundary Com- 
missioner, 172, 205. 

Shirley, Mr., mentioned, 224. 

Shute, Thomas, mentioned, 190. 

Sickhassen KUl, mentioned, 43. 

Silvester, Mr., mentioned, 4, 5. 

Sinclare, Brigadier, mentioned as 
successor to Gov. Montgomery, 

Sisson, Jonathan, mathematical in- 
strument maker, recommended, 
207; will make an instrument for 
Colden, 245; Colden is not pleased 
with his work, 258. 

Skene, William, boundary Commis- 
sioner, 172, 205. 

Sloan, Hans, mentioned, 282, 283. 

Smallpox, inoculation for, men- 
tioned, 42, 59, 63. 


Smibert, Mr., mentioned, 204. 

Smith, John, mentioned in Lauchlin 
Campbell's petition, 214, 217. 

Smith, Malcolm, mentioned in 
Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 
214, 217. 

Smith, Capt. Thomas, mentioned, 
111, 119, 120. 

Smith, William, mentioned, 16, 18; 
to assist in determining the 
boundary of the Equivalent lands, 
17; to deliver deeds for Equiva- 
lent lands, 20; assists in settling 
matters concerning the Equiva- 
lent lands, 20-21, 24, 25, 26, 36, 
37, 38, 40, 51, 59, 67, 134; men- 
tioned in Bill of Equity, 122; 
original of the Letters Patent of 
the Equivalent lands deposited 
with, 65, 66, 69; letter of, to 
Cadwallader Colden informing 
him of the charge for defending 
the Equivalent land title and 
requesting payment, 185-186; 
letter of, and James Alexander to 
the debtors of the Equivalent 
Company, 187; letter of Cad- 
wallader Colden to, in the matter 
of the Equivalent land debt, 203; 
letter of, and James Alexander 
requesting Colden to pay his 
indebtedness to the Equivalent 
Land Company upon penalty of 
their proceeding against him, 232- 
234; mentioned, 234, 235, 236, 
237, 240, 241, 242, 257; Colden 
gives his bond to, and James 
Alexander for his Equivalent 
land debt, 236-237. 

Soumain, Mr., mentioned, 4, 5. 

Spratt, John, mentioned, 17. 

Stairs, Earl of, his patronage for 
Colden possible, 249. 

Standard, Dr., attends Gov. Cosby 
in his illness, 144. 

Stevens, Capt., mentioned, 111, 135, 

Stirling, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 75. 

Stone, Dr. John, to be married, 143. 

Storke, Mr., his petition for a grant 
of land referred to Colden, 149- 

Stringham, James, mentioned, 155, 

Sugar Islands, an act concerning 
the, mentioned, 46, 47, 62. 

Sun Coffee House, London, Eng., 
mentioned, 4, 9, 170, 177, 181, 
185, 192. 

Surveyor General, duties of, ex- 
plained, 124-125. 

Susquehanna, tracts of land at, men- 
tioned, 167. 

Swinton, John, letter of Cadwalla- 
der Colden to, 230; mentioned, 

Syderham, Dr. Thomas, mentioned, 

Tallard, Mrs., mentioned, 143. 
Tavarez, Benjamin, London Mer- 
chant, mentioned, 230, 231. 
Taylor, Duncan, mentioned in 

Lauchlin Campbell's petition, 

214, 217. 
Telfair, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 75. 
TenBrook, Mr., his petition for 

1,000 acres, mentioned, 85. 
Ten Eyck, Jacob, mentioned, 155. 
Thomas, John, mentioned in settling 

Equivalent land releases, 20, 37; 

land released to, 65, 66. 
Thong, Thomas, witness, 13, 14. 
Tinninghame, Scotland, mentioned, 

Tinsdale, Mr., mentioned, 36. 
Todd, Mr., tavern keeper desires to 

rent Colden's city house to use 

as a tavern, 6. 
Tods tavern, mentioned, 146. 
Tomhenack Creek, mentioned, 154. 
Trade, of America and Great Bri- 
tain, discussed, 33, 46-47. 
Trin Clos Platts, mentioned, 88, 89. 
Trokendonder Hill, land at, sold by 

Mrs. Cosby, 152. 
Truesdale, Mr., trial between, and 

Francis Harrison, mentioned, 126; 

mentioned, 239. 
Turnbull, Rev. Mr., mentioned, 75. 

Ulster Co., N. Y., letter to the 
Sheriff of, from Cadwallader 
Colden, concerning the detention 
of Luke Barrington, a supposed 
spy or priest, 268. 

Ury, John, mentioned as the prin- 
cipal promoter in the Negro plot, 

Van Alste, Mr., purchased land, 49. 
Van Brunt, Mr., inoculates his 

family for the smallpox, 59. 
Van Courtlandt, Mr., mentioned as 

Councillor, 95. 
Van Dam, Rip, complains of Gov. 

Cosby, 95; his complaint printed, 

116; his suspension from the 



Council, mentioned, 142, 144; his 
right to be President declared, 

Van der Willige, Jacobus, witness, 

Van Home, Abraham, mentioned as 
Councillor, 95; mentioned in Bill 
of Equity, 122; mentioned, 167; 
boimdary Commissioner, 172, 
205; expects to carry the election, 

Van Horn, Cornelius, boundary 
Commissioner, 172, 205. 

Van Horn, Mr., is expected to en- 
courage the Weighhouse, 19-20. 

Vankleek, Johannis, mentioned, 

Van Ness, John, mentioned, 153. 

Van Schelluyne, Mr., offers to pur- 
chase land in the Mohawks Coun- 
trj-^, 48, 49; does not arrive, 62. 

Vernon, Samuel, boundary Com- 
missioner, 172. 

Villars, John, Earl of Grandisson, 
mentioned, 268. 

Virginia, mentioned, 32; represented 
at ParUament session by Mica j ah 
Perry, 47. 

Vitch, Mrs., mentioned, 232. 

Vroman, Barend, witness, 54. 

Waganer, Mr., mentioned, 156. 

Wager, Sir, Charles, of the Admi- 
ralty, mentioned, 96. 

Wall Kill Creek, N. Y., mentioned, 

Wallumscake Creek, mentioned, 

Walpole, Horace, mentioned, 263. 

Walpole, Sir Robert, mentioned, 

Walters, Mr., mentioned, 146. 

Walter, Mrs., death of, mentioned, 

Wards, William, mentioned, 230. 

Warner, Ezekiel, boundary Com- 
missioner, 172. 

Warrell, J., letter of, to Cadwallader 

: Colden, 89; mentioned, 94. 

Warren, Capt., purchases a tract of 
land from Mrs. Cosby, 152. 

Watts, Molly, married to Capt. 
Riggs, 59. 

Watts, Mr., mentioned, 97, 110, 111, 
118, 119, 120. 

Waywayanda lands, draining of dis- 

' cussed, 38-39, 41-42. 

Waywayanda, N. Y., mine at, men- 
tioned, 15. 

Weighhouse, N. Y. City, Mr. Dug- 
dale and Mr. Heath are suggested 
to succeed Mr. Hunt, in charge 
of the, 19. 

WeUs, John, boimdary Commis- 
sioner, 172, 205. 

Wemp, John, mentioned, 180. 

Wendover, Mr., mentioned, 94. 

West Chester, N. Y., mentioned, 

West Indies, mentioned, 32. 

Whitehall, Eng., mentioned, 114, 

Whitestone, L. I., mentioned, 36, 
37, 40, 41. 

Whitesome, Scotland, mentioned, 3, 
63, 192, 250. 

Wilbumham, Ralph, mentioned, 

Wildeman, Mr., mentioned, 143. 

Wilemans, Mr., mentioned, 273. 

Willard, J., Secretary of the Prov- 
ince of Massachusetts Bay, 

WiUiams, Charles, letter of, to 
Cadwallader Colden, 147; asks 
Colden to return certain warrants 
of surveys in the interests of Mrs. 
Wilham Cosby before the death 
of Gov. Cosby, 147-148. 

Williams, Mr., land granted to, 
mentioned, 150; mentioned, 244. 

Winne, Capt., mentioned, 224. 

Winne, Peter, land of, mentioned, 

Wolcot, Mr., mentioned, 51. 

Wood Creek, Albany Co, N. Y., 
tract of land near, petitioned for 
by Lauchhn Campbell, 217, 218, 

Woolcot, Major, letter to, from Cad- 
wallader Colden, requesting him 
to have the Connecticut Govern- 
ment petition the King in refer- 
ence to the patent of the Equiva- 
lent lands, 55-58; mentioned, 

Worster, Mr., serves subpena on 
Colden, 128. 

Wrath, Samuel, letter of, to Cad- 
wallader Colden, 93; Yellow 
Fever, tract on, forwarded to Col- 
den, 208. 

Young, Andrew, mentioned, 168. 
Yoimg, John, mentioned, 168. 

Zenger, John Peter, silent as to 
pohtics, 164,