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Full text of "Collections on the history of Albany : from its discovery to the present time ; with notices of its public institutions, and biographical sketches of citizens deceased"

P'i'kXJTiHi.rE . 



Etbrarg 

Darlington Memorial Library 







E] 



COLLECTIONS 



HISTORY OF ALBANY, 



FROM ITS 



DISCOVERY TO THE PRESENT TIME, 



Notices oi its |3ui)Uc ^nistitutions, 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF CITIZENS DECEASED. 



VOL. II. 




ALBANY, N. Y.: 
J. MUNSELL, 82 STATE STREET. 

18G7. 



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PREFACE 



Tins second volume of tlie Historical Collections, the pub- 
lisher trusts, will be found to be a successful continuation of 
the new series, and of its predecessor, the Annals of Albany. 
Although the present and the past have been intermingled, 
as in the previous volumes, with little regard to time or 
subject, yet by the aid of the index, which embraces every 
name and topic mentioned in the work, it may be readily 
consulted for any thing it contains. The City Records are 
brought down to the close of the year 1788, and show, among 
other matters of interest, the first efforts of the city govern- 
ment for the promotion of public education. The ISTotes 
from the E'ewspapers embrace the annals of four years, from 
1861 to 1864. In these the records of the victims of the 
late war have been more brief than could be wished, as 
they were taken from the reports of the press, which being 
hastily forwarded by telegraph, were often vague and unau- 
thenticated, and the dates so indefinitely expressed, that 
frequently the time of death could not with certainty be 
ascertained, much less other desirable facts. But the monu- 
ment which the Rev. Dr. Clark has contributed to their 
memory in his Heroes of Albany, fortunately answers more 
fully the desired end than could possibly have been attained 
in this work under any circumstances. The descendants of 
Anneke Janse, it will be seen, are not wholly overlooked, a 
genealogical list of a portion of them having been kindly 
contributed by Prof Pearson, of Union College. A list of 



iv Preface. 

the baptisms in tlie Dutch church in All)any, from 1683 to 
1800, with the names of the parents and sponsors, which 
was also prepared for this volume by Prof. Pearson, has 
been deferred to the next, for the purpose of giving it a 
more careful revision, and of adding important notes and 
explanations, which will render it of great service to their 
posterity, as well as to the r,-enealogist, particularly in nume- 
rous instances where family names have undergone radical 
changes. It would be very satisfactory to the publisher if 
he could present accounts of a greater number of the exist- 
ing and active institutions of the city. He respectfully sug- 
gests to the curators and managers of such institutions, that 
they avail themselves of future volumes to place the history of 
their organizations, whether religious, charitable, literary, sci- 
entific, or commercial, upon record. If, also, the friends of 
deceased citizens would furnish sketches of their personal his- 
tory, it would be a public benefit, as well as an act of piety 
to the memory of their kinsmen. The sketches contained in 
these volumes have been gathered from the newspapers, and 
though the best that could be had, may perhaps, in some 
instances, be regarded by their friends as meagre and unsatis- 
factory; yet they serve the purpose of an index to those events, 
pointing to further research. With these brief remarks, the 
volume is respectfully submitted for the public approbation, 
with the hope that the countenance it shall receive will 
afford sufficient encouragement to publish additional historical 
materials as they accumulate, and thus preserve them from 
the chances of destruction. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

Albany Fifty Years ago, 9 

The Albany Theatre, 32 

Notes from the Newspapers, 68 

Albany Medical College, 219 

Meeting of the Scientific Association, 229 

University of Albany — Department of Law, 230 

Medical Society of the County of Albany,... 232 

The Rev. John N. Campbell, D.D., 234 

Dudley Reformed Protestant Church, 225 

The City Records,...; 236 

Pinkster Festivities in Albany Sixty Years ago, 323 

Albany as seen by Tourists, 328 

The Rev. Isaac Fidler — 1832, 328 

Reginald Fowler, Esq., sojourns in iVlbany, 329 

Dr. Charles Stuart sees Albany, 331 

Fearon's Report of Albany, 333 

Benjamin Silliman Inspects the City — 1819, 335 

Charles Mackay in Albany — 1858, 340 

George Combe in Albany — 1838-1840, 343 

William Chambers in Albany — 1853, 353 

A Citizen of the World in Albany — 1829, 355 

Journal of Jasper Dankers and Peter Sluyter — 1680, 358 

Diary of Rev. Samuel Chandler — 1755, ... 373 

Albany Sketched by Kingdom, 375 

Fanny Fern fuit Fort-Orange, 376 

The Conflagration of 1793, 378 

Character and Eccentricities of the Slave Pomp, 382 



vi Contents. 

PAGE. 

Albany Churches in the Olden Time, 384 

Albany African Church, 387 

The Capitol at Albany, 388 

Dr. William Adams, o 389 

The Hill in Olden Time, 390 

West Albany — 1862, 391 

Early Temperance Movements, 397 

State Bank — Elkanah Watson's account of its Origin, 398 

The Tale of the Whale, 405 

Halenbeek Burial Ground, 410 

Hendrik Halenbeek's Will, 412 

Halenbeek Genealogy, 415 

Origin of the Baptist Church in Albany, 417 

John Barclay, 418 

Albany in 1800 419 

Albany in 1820, 420 

Captain Webb, 421 

Anneke Janse and her Posterity, 422 

Albany Canal Celebration, 428 

Mount Hope, 475 

Albany Stage Coaches, 477 

Beef Packing in Albany, 479 

Ralfe Clench, 479 

Sacred Music Society, 480 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Mount Hope, Frontispiece. 

State Street looking east, 12 

St. Peter's Church in State Street, 13 

The Wendell House, 15 

The Stevenson House, 15 

North Pearl and State Streets, 17 

The Vanderheyden Palace, 18 

North Pearl Street, 19, 20, 23 

Market Street, 24 

The Old Dutch Church, 25 

The Old Pulpit, 26 

Court and Market Streets, 27 

Market Street, now Broadway, 28, 29 

Residence of Col. Lansing, 31 

Green Street Theatre, 34 

Pearl Street Theatre, 35 

Silhouette of Andrew Jackson Allen, in a favorite character, 59 

Andries Herbertson's Stained Window, 113 

Portrait of Hon. John Taylor, 169 

Bazaar for the great Sanitary Fair, 190 

Portrait of Col. Lewis Benedict, 198 

do. Col. John Wilson, 200 

do. Maj. Charles E. Pruyn, 202 

do. Capt. John DePeyster Douw, 213 

Albany Medical College, 221 

Albany Hospital, 227 

Portrait of Rev. J. N. Campbell, 234 



viii Illustrations. 

TAGE. 

Map of Lands under Water belonging to the City, 293 

Miller's Plan of Albany, 371 

Map of a portion of North Market Street, .* 377 

New York State Bank, 402 

Tale of the Whale, Illustrations, 405, 407, 409 

Halenbeek Burial Ground, 410 

First Boat Built for the Erie Canal, 430 

Entrance of the Canal into the Hudson at Albany, 448 

Slow Coach, 1790, 477 

Stage Coaches, 1818, 1828, 478 




ALBANY PAPERS. 



ALBANY FIFTY YEARS AGO. 



[Under this title a writer in Harjjer's Magazine of April, 1857, pub- 
lished some interesting reminiscences of Albany. The Messrs. Harper 
have very generously permitted me to copy the article and its embellish- 
ments. The engravings are mostly from drawings by Mr. James Eights, 
who has for a long time given much attention to the subject of restoring 
on canvass the appearance of the dwellings about the city in the early 
part of this century; copies of which, very skilfully executed by him, 
adorn the walls of many houses. They were first engraved for Hca-per's 
3Iagazine, and are here reproduced by electrotype from the originals in 
that work. A few notes have been appended, either further to illustrate 
subjects, or to give what others claim to have existed, differing somewhat 
from the author in the text.] 

I am an Albany Knickerbacker — a Dutchman of purest Belgic blood — 
and I justly claim to be heard, as the last as well as the most loyal of the 
fading cocked-hat generation, who mourn over the barbarisms of despotic 
fashion and the hot haste of society in these degenerate days, when steam 
and iron have usurped the power of honest breath and muscle, and the 
lightning has become the obedient chariot of thought. 

Albany, the Beverwyck, the Willemstadt, the Fort Orange of colonial 
times — the oldest city in the United States except St. Augustine — has a 
claim to the reverence not only of every true-hearted Dutchman who 
loves his pipe, his krout, and his freedom, but of the universal Yankee 
nation, which has no geographical limit this side of Saturn's rings. 

Standing still, as a Dutchman ought, I have become a second Columbus, 
for I have discovered a New World indeed in the changes wrought around 
me during the last fifty years. I am a bachelor of eighty, erect as a 
liberty-pole, and I thank Heaven fervently that I have neither sons nor 
daughters to mortify me with the absurdities of this absurd hour in our 
social retrogression, as I call what zealots name progress. My hair is like 
the snow or the hoar-frost, and no longer needs the aromatic powder of 

IfisL Coll a. 2 



10 Alhany Fifty Years Ago. 

the good old time. So far, good ; but when I look at the dear old three- 
cornered hat upon the peg in my chamber, how I doubly loathe the glist- 
ening stove-pipe I am compelled to wear upon my head in winter and in 
summer, in deference to the god of the tailor and the milliner. And 
when I contemplate my velvet small-clothes, with the bright silver 
knee-buckles, or even the Wellington boots and graceful tassels of a later 
day, how I sigh for the restoration of the elegant breeches and the 
abolition of the dangling pantaloon. 

Well do I remember the great innovation when cocked hats and long 
bodices were doomed. It was after the French Revolution had given 
free reign to extravagant fancies in politics, religion, and social life, that 
the mighty overturn in the world of fashion commenced, and the costumes 
in which our fathers fought and our mothers suffered for freedom, were 
banished from our best society to give place to the mongrel modes of 
French fanatics and servile English imitators. The phenomenon appeared 
even in the staid Dutch city of Albany, where French politics could find 
no rest for the sole of its foot. I was then a gay young man, and had 
been accustomed to adore the ladies (as I do yet) in ample skirts, waists 
showing Hogarth's line of beauty, flowing sleeves, and faultless head- 
dresses, albeit their hair was sometimes thick with pomade or frizzled 
into a bush. As suddenly as the bursting of a balloon did the ladies' 
dresses seem to collapse from the longitudinal display of our own time to 
the economical dimensions of a white covering for a bean-pole. The 
bodice disappeared, the cincture went up directly under the arms, and the 
immense Mademoiselle Parpluies became nobodies, and might sing : 
" Shepherds, I have lost my waist, 

Have you seen my body ? 
Sacrificed to modem taste, 

I'm quite a hoddy-doddy. 
Never shall I see it more, 

Till common sense, returning, 
M3' body to my legs restore, 

Then I shall cease from mourning." 

Nor were the fair creatures solitary sufferers. Cocked hats, powdered 
hair, elegant wigs, exquisite queues, and even the breeches of the gentle- 
men were proscribed, and at last were compelled to succumb towards the 
close of the century. The hat assumed all sorts of shapes, but the pre- 
vailing absurdity was a very small crown and a very wide brim turned up 
at the sides. 1 remember turning out of State street into Market street 
one morning in September, walking arm-in-arm with my old friend (iene- 
ral Ten Brneck, then mayor of the city, when a young married couple 
belonging to one of our most aristocratic families, who had lately returned 
from their wedding tour in Europe, appeared just in front of John Van 
Schaick's elegant three story mansion, displaying the new fashions to the 
fullest extent ; indeed that couple were the pioneers of the innovation at 
Albany. The husband's hat was of orthodox dimensions. His coat, with 
narrow skirts, fitted closely, and so did his pantaloons, while his legs were 
encased in enormous Hessian boots. His cravat was full and high, and 
in his bosom was a magnificent linen frill. The lady had "lost her 
waist," and her dress — something like a petticoat tied around her neck, 
with her arms put through the pocket-holes — was a rich lilac color. 
Upon her head was a small hat, not unlike her husband's in form, over 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 11 

which was piled in profusion a great bunch of wheat-ears, the wearing of 
straw having then become the rage abroad. Well did the epilogue satirize 
this fashion : 

" What a fine harvest this gay season yields ! 

Some female heads appear like stubble-fields. 

Who now of threatened famine dare complain, 

When every female forehead teems with grain ? 

See liow the wheat-sheaves nod amid the plumes ! 

Our barns are now transferred to drawing-rooms ; 

While husbands who delight in active lives, 

To fill their granaries may thrash their wives !" 

I remember seeing a fine caricature by Grillray at about that time, 
representing John Bull in the act of being dressed in the large-appearing 
but really tight-fitting French coat of the day, by a Paris tailor, who 
exclaims, " Aha ! dere my friend, I fit you to de life I — dere is liberie ! — 
no tight aristocratical sleeve to keep you from do vot you like ! — aha ! — 
begar ! dere be only vant von leetle national cockade to make look quite 
a hi mode de Paris !" John stands in stifi" Hessian boots, evidently very 
uneasy, and exclaims, " Liberty, quoth'a I why zounds, I can't move my 
arm at ail, for all it looks so woundy big I Ah ! damn your French a la 
mode, they give a man the same liberty as if he was in the stocks I Give 
me my old coat again, say I, if it is a little out at the elbows !" And so felt 
our bride and groom very soon, for the people stared, and the boys gig- 
gled, and the dogs barked at them as they passed by. Yet they had 
planted the infection in the goodly city of my birth ; and from the hour 
of their advent the doom of the cocked hat, at least, was pronounced. 
Long and faithfully I defended the cherished ornaments of my young 
manhood, but my queue daily dwindled, my velvet breeches elongated 
and turned into broadcloth or nankeen, my chapeau rounded and loomed 
up, and after ten long years of fruitless opposition, and when all my com- 
peers were vanquished by the tyrant, I yielded. Ever since I have 
followed loyally in the train of the conquerer. Vive la hagatelle ! 

Nor was it upon personal adornment alone that change, iconoclastic 
change, then commenced to work. There seemed to be a spirit of unrest 
abroad early in the present century, and a wonderful impulse, for weal or 
woe, was given to commerce and social life in Albany, which has since 
swept away almost every vestige of its external appearance and domestic 
simplicity, so familiar to me in the days of my young manhood. Albany 
to-day, with its almost sixty thousand inhabitants, and its twenty millions 
of dollars worth of real and personal property, and Albany of fifty years 
ago, with its seven thousand people and its fifteen hundred houses, are as 
unlike as a rural village and a metropolitan city. 

All my life I have been fond of the arts of design. Even now, when 
my eyes are becoming somewhat dim, and my fingers are less supple than 
they were a score of years ago, I delight in using the pencil in delineating 
objects of interest, thus impressing their images indelibly upon my own 
memory, and preserving them for the benefit of posterity. My full port- 
folios attest this taste and industry ; and now, when the storms are abroad, 
or the hot sun smites, I amuse myself, hour after hour, in my snug little 
library, within a quiet mansion near the Capitol, in looking over these 
pictorial records, and recalling, by association, the scenes and incidents, 
the men and things, of other days. Come, take my arm, dear reader, and 



12 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



go with me to my study, and I will show you some sketches of streets and 
buildings in Albany as they appeared fifty years ago. This way, if you 
please. Be careful of your footsteps on these winding stairs. Sit down 
in this arm-chair with green velvet cushion. Here are slippers and a 
cricket, and on this quartette table we will lay the portfolio. Like the 
exhibiter of a panorama, I will give an explanatory lecture as we proceed. 
Let us take the drawings up in numerical order. 




.?f/ ^n^f 





I. State street looking East. 

No. I is a view of State street in 1805. We are supposed to be 
standing near the head of the street, in front of St. Peter's Church, and 
on the site of old Fort Frederick, a strong quadrangular fortification, with 
a bastion at each corner, which stood upon a high liill there. The alti- 
tude of its heavy stone walls was equal to that of the roof of St. Peter's 
at the present day. It was built when Cornelius Schuyler was mayor^ of 
Albany, before the French and Indian war. Its northeastern bastion 
occupied the site of St. Peter's, a portion of which is seen on the extreme 
left of the picture. We are looking eastward, down the then rough and 
irregular, but now smooth and broad street, and see the old Dutch Church 
at the intersection of Broadway. Beyond the Hudson river are seen the 
hills of Clreenbush, which form a portion of the Van Eenssehier manor. 

St. Peter's, known in earlier times as The English Church, stood in 
the middle of State street, opposite Barrack (now Chapel) street, as 
represented in the engraving No. II. It was built of stone, and was 
erected in 1715. The tower was wanting when Peter Kalm, the 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



13 




II bt PLtti ^ Church m Stxte Sii t 1 • > 

Swedish naturalist, visited Albany, in 1749. Peter, by the way, had a 
very poor opinion of the Albanians at that time. He says they fleeced 
strangers unmercifully; and he lias recorded his opinion, that if a Jew, 
who can iicnerally get along pretty well in the world, should settle among 
them, " he would be ruined." In my good old cocked-hat times they 
were diiferent, but I will not vouch for them in these degenerate days. 
I remember the church, with a tower which my father told me was built 
in 1750. The next year a fine bell was cast in England, and sent over 
and hung in the tower.' The road, since my recollection, passed up the 
hill on the south side of the church and fort, and in the rear of the 
latter it passed over Pinkster hill, on which the State Capitol now stands. 

Pinkster hill ! What pleasant memories of my boyhood does that 
name bring up ! That hill was famous as the gathering-place of all the 
colored people of the city and country for miles around, during the Pink- 
ster festival in May. Then they received their freedom for a week. 
They erected booths, where gingerbread, cider, and apple-toddy were 
freely dispensed. On the hill they spent the days and evenings in sports, 
in dancing, and drinking, and love-making, to their heart's content. I 
remember those gatherings with delight, when old King Charley, a darkey 
of charcoal blackness, dressed in his gold-laced scarlet coat and yellow 
breeches, used to amuse all the people with his antics. I was a light boy, 
and on one occasion Charley took me on his shoulders and leaped a bar 
more than five feet in height. He was so generously treated because of 
his feat, that he became gloriously drunk an hour afterward, and I led 
him home just at sunset. When I look into the State Capitol now when 
the legislature is in session, and think of Congress Hall filled with lobby- 
ing politicians, I sigh for the innocence of Pinkster hill in the good old 
days of the woolly heads. 

A word more about St. Peter's. Under the chancel of the church, in 
a leaden coffin, are the remains of Lord Howe, who was killed near Ticon- 
derogain 1758. His friend, Captain (afterwards General) Philip Schuy- 
ler, conveyed his body to Albany and placed it in his family vault. 

1 This bell was in use until 1859, when the second church was demolished. 



14 Alhaiiy Fifty Years A<jo. 

Many years afterwards, when it was removed to the church, the coffin was 
opened, and Lord Howe's hair, which was short at the time of his death, 
had grown to long and flowing locks, and was very beautiful. 

No\v let us turn again to No. I. The house seen on the left is that of 
Philip 8. Van liensselaer, a younger brother of the Patroon, who was 
mayor of Albany from 1799 to 1814. 

The two houses next to Van Rensselaer's belonged to the brothers 
AVebster, the early printers in Albany \ and the frame building next to 
them was their office, and was familiarly known as The Webster Corner. 
They were twin brothers. Charles commenced business in 1782, as a 
newspaper publisher, and in 1784 he established the Alhamj Gazette.^ ^ It 
lived until 1845, a period of almost sixty years. A complete file of it is 
preserved in the State Library. They also published books ; and from 
that noted corner cart-loads of Noah Webster's spelling books were scat- 
tered over Northern and Western New York by those enterprising men. 

Next below Webster's is seen the Livingston House and elm tree, and 
the Lydius House, occupying opposite corners, and delineated in detail 
in No. V. A house with gable in front, just below the Lydius corner, 
yet remains, and is occupied by the State Bank. Pearson, a tobacco- 
nist, and Doctor Dexter, i a druggist, occupy the next taller buildings. 
Almost in front, and at the steepest part of the street, is seen one of 
the old well-curbs of the city, used before the construction of the 
water-works, which now supply the inhabitants. They are all gone now, 
and will be entirely forgotten when another generation shall have taken 
our places. All the old travelers and tourists described the well^ water 
of Albany as peculiarly offensive to the taste, it being filled with insects 
which, on account of their size, might have lookei down with contempt 
upon the infusoria. 

The old Dutch Church seen near the foot of the street we will consider 
presently. The tall house seen over its angle on the lel't belonged to the 
Kanes, well-known merchants who made a large fortune by dealings with 
the white people and the Indians of the Mohawk valley. A greater por- 
tion of their dwelling and store house in the valley may yet be seen near 
Canajoharie. An anecdote is related, in connection with the Kanes, 
which illustrates the proverbial shrewdness of the New Englanders, and 
the confiding nature of the old stock of Dutchmen in that region. A 
Yankee peddler was arrested for traveling on Sunday, contrary to law, 
and was taken before a Dutch justice. The peddler pleaded the urgency 
of his business. At first the Dutchman was inexorable, but at length, on 
the payment to him of a small sum of money as a bribe, he agreed to 
furnish the Yankee with a written permit to travel on. The justice 
requested the peddler to write the j^ass. He wrote a draft on Messrs. J. 
& A. Kane, for fifty dollars, to be paid in goods, which the unsuspecting 
Dutchman signed. The draft was presented and duly honored, and the 
Y^ankee went on his way rejoicing. A few days afterward the Dutchman 
was called upon to pay the amount of the draft. The whole thing was a 

1 The site of the store of Dr. Dexter is now 57 State street, whicli is supposed 
to be the seat of a mysterious power, located up stairs, that has a wonderful con- 
trol of political machinery. Next east of this building was the Tontine Coffee 
House, in the height of its fame at this period, but which the reminiscent has 
entirely overlooked. 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



15 



mystery to the magistrate, and it ^ 
was a long time before he could ^ 
comprehend it. All at once light 
broke in, and the victim exclaimed 
vehemently, in bad English, "Eh, 
yah ! I understand it now. Tish 
mine writin', and dat ish de tam 
Yankee pass." He paid the 
money, and resigned his office, 
feeling that it was safer to deal 
in corn and butter with his hone!?t 
neighbors than in law with Yan- 
kee travelers. 

The house on the right of the 
church, in range with the most 
distant lamp-post, belonged to Dr. 
Mancius, and there the city post- 
office was kept. The perspective 
in the drawing in thisstreetview, 
of this side, is so nearly on a 
straight line that the forms of 
the buildings in the lower pait 
of State street can not well be 
defined. In the portion of the 
street opposite the Livingston elm 
were two noble but dissimilar 
buildings : one of them was 
erected bv Harman Wenrlell in 




John 




IX. The StevL'Dsou House. 



16 Albany Fifty Years Ago. 

Stevenson, and completed in 1780. The former was in the ancient 
Dutch style. The owner was a rich fur trader, and many a traffic with 
the Indians was made within its walls. The Stevenson House was then 
a wonder in architecture, it being in a style quite diiferent from any thing 
in Albany. It was purely English throughout, and it was known as The 
rich man's house. Both of these buildings were demolished in 1841. 

Coming up State street, on the south side, we find the spacious brick 
mansion of Greorge Merchant,i over which six birds are seen. Mr. 
Merchant was^ a fine scholar, and for some time occupied the Vander- 
heyden Palace, on North Pearl street, as an academy. There many boys 
of Revolutionary times learned their Greek and Latin, under Mr. 
Merchant's instruction. Among them was my elder brother, who 
figured quite conspicuously in public affairs at the time when the Federal 
Constitution was under discussion throughout the country. He made a 
patriotic speech at the dinner in the great Federal Boioer (erected where 
the State Capitol now stands), on a hot August day, in 1788, at the close 
of the great procession in honor of the ratification of the Constitution. 
The peaks and chimneys beneath the single bird are those of the old 
Geological Hall, which stood back of Merchant's house, and occupied the 
site of the present Geological Rooms. The building with a projecting 
ridge for hoisting, was a carpenter's shop ; and the last one seen on the 
right of the picture, was the chair fVictory of Mr. M'Chesney, a Scotch- 
man, who died a few years ago at an advanced age. He always had his 
timber sawed in front of his establishment. 

No. V exhibits the corners of North Pearl and State streets, looking 
up Pearl. The most conspicuous objects are the ancient building known 
as the Lydius House (G), with its terraced gable, and the adjoining 
mansion (7) of William Pitt Beers. The corner house was built ex- 
pressly for a parsonage, to accommodate the Reverend Gideon Schaets,2 
who arrived in Albany in 1652, and became the pastor of the Reformed 
Dutch Church. The materials for the building were all imported 
from Holland — bricks, tiles, iron, and wood-work. They came over with 
the church bell and pulpit in 1657. When I was quite a lad I visited 
the house with my mother, who was acquainted with the father of Bal- 
thazar Lydius, the last proprietor of the mansion. To my eyes it appeared 

1 ]\Ir. Merchant was a native of Germany ; his name was Koopman, which he 
Anglicized on adopting a citizenship here. 

■^ Mr. Isaac Q. Leake thinks that this is a mistake ; that there may have been a 
house on that site in which Dom. Schaets lived, but that the Lydius house was 
coeval with the last Dutch church built in State street, and was erected for the 
accommodation of Rev. .John Lydius; that when the house was altered to accom- 
modate the upper rooms to the purposes of a printing office for Cantine & Leake, 
state printers, in 18l21, a pewter plate was found attached to the timbers which 
disclo.sed the fact that the beams which supported the floor were brought from 
Holland for the church, but were found to be too short, and were used in building 
this house. The plate he says was appropriated by one of the workmen. Mr. 
Lydius came here in 1700 and left the ministry in 1709. The exact date of the 
erection of this edifice is therefore involved in some doubt. The premises having 
been in the posses^sion of a Lydius would seem to confirm a part of the conjecture 
of Mr. Leake, founded upon his recollection of the plate, and further corroborated 
by the tradition recited by Judge Benson; .«till it may have been the parsonage 
in which Dom. Schaets was succeeded by Dellius, and finally by Lydius, whose 
heirs retained possession of it. 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



17 



-f 




V. North Pearl aud State streets. 

like a palace, and I thought the pewter plates in a corner cupboard were 
solid silver, they glittered so.. The partitions were made of mahogany, 
and the exposed beams were ornamented with carvings in high relief, 
representing the vine and fruit of the grape. To show the relief more 
perfectly, the beams were painted white. Balthazar was an eccentric old 
bachelor, and was the terror of all the boys.i Strange stories, almost as 
dreadful as those which cluster around the name of ]31uebeard, were told 
of his fierceness on some occasions; and the urchins, when they saw him 
in the streets, would give him the whole sidewalk, for he made them 
think of the ogre growling out his " Fee. fo, fum, I smell the blood of an 
Englishman." He was a tall, thin Dutchman, with a bullet head, 
sprinkled with thin white hairs in his latter years. He was fond of his 
pipe and bottle, and gloried in celibacy until his life was in "the sere and 
yellow leaf" Then he gave a pint of gin for a squaw, and calling her 
his wife,- he lived with her as such until his death, in 1815. His fine 

1 Balthazar Lydius wa.s the grandson of tlie domine, and the son of Col. John 
Henry Lydius, who resided in the same house, and was a man of great ability 
and intrepidity, but, imperious and unscrupulous. He had two sons, Balthazar 
and Martin, neither of whom left posterity. In this house the wounded Col. 
Henry Van Rensselaer and a British officer lay together in the summer of 1777, 
after the battle near Fort xVnne, in which tliey fought. 

-There is a different version of this affair, in which it is said that be bought a 
white woman named Lctty Palmer for a bottle of rum, pound of tobacco, and a 
silver dollar. Tiie husband repented of his bargain, and called on Letty, but 
was met by Balthazar, who soundly horsewhipped liirn for his interference.' 

HisL Coll n. 3 



18 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



old mansion was demolished in 1832, -when it was believed to be the old- 
est brick building in the United States. The modern Apothecaries' Hall 
was erected upon its site. 

On the opposite side of the street is seen the frame building (1) known 
as Webster's Corner, already alluded to as their printing office. The 
white house (2) next to it was the site of the residence of Philip Living- 
ston, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.! The elm-tree 
(yet standing on the corner of Pearl and State streets) was planted by Mr. 
Livingston about one hundred years ago. It was then merely a twig ; 
and it is said that Mr. Livingston severely rebuked a young sailor, one 
morning, who was about to cut it down for a switch or a cane. To the 
minds of us Albanians, in summer, that now noble tree forms a grateful 
monument to the memory of its planter. 

Looking up Pearl street, we see a large building (3) with two gables 
in front, which was known as the Vanderheyden Palace. It was just 




XT. Vanderlieyclon Palace. 

below IMaiden lane, on the site now occupied by the Baptist Church. It 
was erected by Johannes Beekman, one of the old burghers of Albany, 
in 1725. The bricks and some of the other materials were imported 
from Holland, and it was one of the finest specimens of Dutch architec- 
ture in this country. The Beekman family occupied it until a short 
time previous to the revolution, when the proprietor had been dead more 
than a dozen years, and his daughters were all married. Jacob Vander- 
heyden purchased it in 1778, but it continued to be used as an academy 
by Mr. Merchant and others until the great fire in 1797, after which Mr. 
Vanderheyden. whose dwelling had been consumed, made this his resi- 
dence. There he lived in the style of the old Dutch aristocracy, until 

1 These Webster buildings have recently been demolished, and the splendid 
pile of Tweddle Hall now occupies their site. 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



19 



his death in 1820. His family left it soon afterward, and from that time 
it was used by a variety of people for miscellaneous purposes until its 
demolition in 1833. This old mansion figured in Washington Irving's 
story of Dolph Heyliger, in Bracehriclye Hcdl, as the residence of Heer 
Antony Vanderheyden. The iron vane, in the form of a horse at full 
speed, now occupies the peak of the southern gable of Snnvyside^ the 
delightful residence of Mr. Irving on the Hudson river. That gable is 
almost a fac-simile of the one of Vanderheyden Palace, over which the 
vane turned for more than a century. 

A little beyond the l*alace is seen the homestead of the Pruyn 
family, a Dutch house (4), with terraced gable fronting the street. l3r. 
Hunloke Woodruff, an old and eminent physician, owned the next (5) 
more modern residence, on the corner of Maiden lane and Pearl street. 
Adorned with yellow paint, it made a conspicuous and favorable appear- 
ance among the dingy Dutch houses of that quarter — the brick gables of 
an earlier date. 




Vll. North Pearl street, from Maiden laue, uorthward. 

Xo. VII presents a continuation of Pearl street, from Maiden lane 
northward. The Woodruff House (1) is first seen, and the smaller build- 
ing (2) next to it was Dr. Woodruff's office. At that time dentistry, as 
a distinct profession, was not practiced in Albany. Physicians usually 
connected it with their own. I well remember when I went tremblingly 
up these steps, sat in the Doctor's leather cushioned chair, and thought 
my neck was broken when the huge turnkey drew an aching molar from 
my jaw for the first time. Next to the Doctor's office was a stately Dutch 



20 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



building (3) erected by Mr. William Eights, of the city of New York. 
Being a Whig, Mr. Eights was compelled to leave the city when the 
British took possession "of it, in the autumn of 1776. He erected this 




VIII. North Pearl street. 

mansion soon afterward, and resided there for some time. The frame 
building adjoining was long occupied by Dick Thompson, as he was 
familiarly called, who was quite celebrated as a waiter. He used to serve 
parties at the houses of the Albany gentry, half a century ago. The 
next house, with terraced gable (6), was the dwelling of Widow Sturte- 
vant, ' in the immediate rear of which is seen the present church edifice, 
over the congregation of which the Rev. Dr. Sprague is pastor. This is 
much more modern than the other buildings, and is introduced, in outline, 
to show to the eyes of the present generation their relative position. 

The tall yellow building (7) nest to Widow Sturtevant's was then 
occupied by Dr. C. C. Yates; and its quite fanciful companion of the 
same color was the residence of Brower, the renowned sexton and bell- 

1 There seems to be some discrepancy here in the description of the remi- 
niscent, or in the memory of some persons who recollect these houses. One says 
that fifty years before these reminiscences were written, a Scotchman named 
Hall lived in the house designated as No. 3, and kept a blacksmith's shop in the 
cellar. That No. 4 was a brick front, and was occupied by David Groesbeeck ; 
that Thompson did not move into it until 1819, when he occupied only the 
basement; that No. 6 was occupied by a Dutch cooky baker, the widow Sturte- 
vant moving in about 1820. This last was long the bakery of McCaffrey & 
Holmes, and still stands adjoining the Female Academy on the south, a modern 
front having been recently put to its ancient body. 



Alhany Fifty Years Ago. 21 

ringer of the old Dutch Church,! of whom I shall speak presently. The 
next building (9) was painted a load color. It was the famous Uranian 
Hall, then the great school of Albany. It was erected by the Society of 
Mechanics, whose children were educated there. The school was sup- 
ported partly by the funds of the society, and for a long time it was the 
best institution of the kind in the city. On the site of these three last 
named buildings (8, 9 and 10) the edifice of the Albany Female Academy 
now stands. That institution was founded in 1814, under the title of the 
Union School. The Academy was incorporated in 1821, and its first 
president was the late Chancellor Kent. The present building was erected 
in 1834. 

No. VIII is a continuation of No. VII, showing a portion of North 
Pearl street. This section will appear familiar to some of my Albany 
friends who were boys fifty years ago, for they will recognize in 15 the 
little district school-house and its surroundings, where they went to get 
whipped, and to be seated upon a hard high bench six or seven hours 
each day. The first house in this sketch (10) was the dwelling of Dr. 
William M'CIellan, an eminent Scotch physician.- In the next (11) broad 
and spacious house dwelt the very distinguished John B. Romeyn, D.D., 
of the Presbyterian Church. Dr. llomeyn was quite remarkable for his 
obesity.-J An anecdote connected with him is related, which exhibits the 
often lurking humor of the grave and taciturn Indian. One very hot 
day in July, during the administration of Governor Jay, the doctor was 
present just at the conclusion of a council with Mohawk and Oneida 
Indians, at Schenectady. The Indians have a custom of adopting white 
people of eminence into their tribes, and giving them significant names, 
and the honorary title of chief. At the Doctor's urgent solicitation he 
was adopted by the Oneidas. The day was excessively sultry, and he sat 
there perspiring at every pore. When the ceremony was ended, he in- 
quired what was his new name. With great gravity the old sachem gave 
it in the Iroquois language, while not a muscle of the face of his dusky 
companions was moved. The Doctor wished an interpretation, and the 
sachem, with equal gravity replied, The Great Thaw. The Indians 
sat unmoved, while the whole white portion of the audience roared with 
laughter. 

1 This person, it is claimed, was Cornelius Brower, some time baker, and 
afterwards a sort of cartman, but never a sexton at all. 

2 This was many years previous the house and store of Henry Bleecker, an 
Indian trader, the store occupying the room with a single window. Customers 
entered the hall, and made their purchases at an aperture in the partition. The 
shop was opened by swinging a door up and fastening it against the ceiling. 
Business was done in an unostentatious way in those days — no thrusting of goods 
out on the side walk, no opening the whole front to the street. The entrance to 
some places of business is said to have been through an alley at the side of the 
house. Mr. Bleecker was badly wounded by an Indian while on a trading expe- 
dition up the Mohawk, which, although he lived some years after, hastened his 
death. 

3 The reminiscent seems to have made a great mistake here. This house was 
built and owned by John Nicholas Bleecker, who had been a commissary in 
either the French or Revolutionary war. Dr. Romeyn married a daughter of Mr. 
Bleecker, and resided in tlie house a very short time. So far from being obese, 
he was a i;pnrem.-An. Tlie anecdote must relate to his father, who is represented 
to have been a portly man, of a very fine presence, but hardly answering to the 
description here given. 



22 Albany Fifty Years Ago. 

Next to Dr. liomeyn's stood a house of more ancient pattern (12) in 
which resided Nicholas Bleecker, one of the wealthiest merchants of the 
city. Peter Elmendorf, an eminent lawyer, dwelt in the adjoining house 
(14) ;i and between that and the little school house (15) was the play- 
ground for the boys. Looking over that inclosure, and among the trees, 
IS seen the top of the old family mansion or homestead of the Bleeckers, 
at the corner of Chapel and Steuben streets. There Harmanus Bleecker, 
our minister at the Hague a few years ago, resided at the time of his 
death. I believe the property has since passed out the possession of the 
family. I remember seeing there, during the latter years of the late Mr. 
Bleecker, a fine portrait, cabinet size, of John Randolph of Roanoke, 
painted by Ward of Philadelphia. Bleecker and Randolph were warm 
friends while they were in Congress together in 1811 ; and, as a token of 
that friendship, they exchanged portraits with each other. 

The last house (16) was the residence of John Andrews, a well known 
police constable, who was the terror of evil-doers in the good old Dutch 
city fifty ye:\rs ago. He might always be seen at the polls on election 
days, with a stout leather cap, similar to those worn by firemen, and an 
ugly looking hickory cudgel with two huge knobs on the larger end. 

° No. IX is a continuation of the west side of Pearl street, from Fox 
(now Canal) street to Patroon street. These buildings possess very little 
special interest, except the church with its two steeples. They have all 
long since passed away. They were of wood, all painted red, and gave 
a very dull appearance to the street. On the left is seen (1) a portion of 
the Vandeberg mansion. Adjoining it was the shop (2) of John 
Bantam, a white-and-blacksmith. The smaller building next, was occu- 
pied by a little crabbed Irish schoolmaster named Crabbe, who made it a 
religious duty to whip the whole school at least once a week, so as to be 
certain that no sinner had been deprived of the necessary chastisement. 
He generally commenced the duties of the day by imbibing a mug of flip 
at Jemmy Fleet's, a countryman of his, who kept a few groceries and a 
great deal of liquor in an adjoining building. Back of these (4) is seen 
the tool house of the church ; and upon the distant eminence beyond, 
then known as Arbor Hill, is seen the country seat (5) of General Ten 
Broeck, of the revolution, who was mayor of Albany from 1796 to 1799. 
Arbor Hill is now occupied by Thomas W. Olcott, president of the 
Mechanics and Farmers' Bank of Albany. Next to the last of the small 

' Peter E. Elmendorf lived in the house No. 12, attributed to Nicholas Bleecker, 
and in the next house resided Gerardus Lansing, brother-in-law of Gen. Ten 
Broeck, and formerly an Indian interpreter. A house has been omitted which 
stood next to No. 13, built and occupied by Jolin Rutger Bleecker, a surveyor. 
These discrepancies are not much to be wondered at, when we consider what 
disputes sometimes arise where property is accurately described. No. 12 was the last 
of the old houses in that row, and wns taken down but a few years ago. The site is 
now occupied by the free stone front dwelling of William S. Learned, Esq. This lot 
is said to have belonged originally to Maria Sanders, daughter of Robert Sanders 
and wife of Philip Van Rensselaer. It descended to her daughter Betsey, the 
first wife of Peter E. Ehnendorf. From Mrs. Elmendorf it descended to her 
daughter Maria, wife of Peter Sanders, still living; and was conveyed by her to 
William White, and by him to the present owner. In this house Burgoyne was 
entertained at a large dinner party while he was in Albany, by Mr. Philip Van 
Rensselaer. Peter E. Elmendorf afterwards lived in a house nearly opposite to 
this lot, where stands the house built by Mr. Thomas W. Olcott, at present owned 
by Azariah E. Stimson. 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



23 



buildings in tiie direction of the church was then occupied by ]Mc- 
Gourghey, a celebrated chocolate manufacturer ; and in the last (7) the 
sexton of the church resided. 




The most prominent as well as the most elegant of all the buildings 
seen in No. IX is the edifice of the North Reformed Dutch Church, 
with two steeples. It was erected in 1798, and Rev. John Bassett, an 
associate with Dr. Westerlo in the old State street church, became its 
first pastor. He was succeeded in 1804 by the learned and eloquent 
John Melaucthon Bradford. The heart of many an old Albanian will 
glow with delight at the mention of his name. 

Fox creek formerly flowed across the street, (now under it) where the 
fence is seen, adjoining 7 ; and so between the trees Opposite the church 
is seen a small building, with a door and window, which was then occu- 
pied by Becking, a very celebrated cake baker. The light from his oven 
at night was reflected by a window in one of the steeples of the church, 
and for a long time, the origin of the illumination being unknown, the 
story was current that the church was haunted. The superstitious were 
afraid to pass it in the night, and some would not go to the bakery after 
dark. The two little figures in this picture represent a fashionable couple 
in Albany in 1805. The lady has not yet " found her waist," and the 
gentleman has his roundhead hat, his narrow-skirted coat, and huge 
white-topped boots, then just beginning to be worn by the ton. 

Here we will leave Pearl street, where not a house of all that we have 
seen now remains ; and we will go down to Broadway (formerly Market 



24 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 




X. Market street. 

street) where as great changes have since taken place. Our first view in 
No. X is that portion of Market street, east side, from State street to 
Maiden hxue. The public market, which gave the name to the street, is seen 
in its centre; and at the extreme right is the old Dutch Church in the 
middle of State street. Beginning on the left, we have a view of the 
residence (1) of Paul Hochstrasser, a wealthy German merchant in 
Albany fifty years ago. The next (2) on the corner of Maiden lane, 
was the house in which General Peter Gansevoort, one of the most active 
of the Revolutionary officers, in the Northern department, was born. The 
larger house (3) adjoining it was occupied below by Hill, a glover and 
leather-breeches maker. In the upper part, Fairman, the eminent 
engraver, started business ; and there Murray, a Scotch peddler, first met 
him, and afterwards became his business partner. The more stately 
brick mansion (4) was the residence of }\r. BassettJ while pastor of 
the North Dutch Church ; and next to that, and partly concealed by 
the market (5), was the store of Barent and John R. Bieecker, eminent 
merchants at Ihat time. The terraced gable of Ford's carpet store is 
seen next beyond it ; and then, looming above all, is the grand mansion 
of David Fonda (7), a merchant who kept dry-goods, groceries, and 



1 Tlii.s house was built and occupied by Thomas Hun, agent of the patroon, 
and afterwards by his son, Abraham Hun, who was also agent of the patroon. 
Mr. Bassett married the sister of Abraham Hun, and may have lived in the house 
a short time. It was occupied as the post office about thirty-five years ago. 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



25 



liquors for sale, next door to General Ten Broeck, some twenty years 
earlier. At this time lie was a retired merchant. That mansion was 
long known as the City Hotel. i 

Passing the market, we see the auction store of John Jauncey ; and 
rising above it (9) is seen a large brick building, the store and dwelling 
of the brothers Kane (John and Archibald) already mentioned. Back 
of these is seen the roof of a building, now the site of the Exchange. 
Archibald Kane had his hand very badly shattered by the discharge of a 
gun at Canajoharie, where it was amputated by Dr. Jonathan Eights. I 
remember seeing him frequently in fiis store after the accident with his 
arm in a sling made of stuff resembling mohair. Next to Kane's we see 
Dr. Mancius's apothecary store, where, as we have already noticed, the city 
post office was kept ; and more prominent than all others is the old Dutch 
Church edifice (11), which we will consider presently. 




XI. The Old Dutch Church. 

The Market house was built in 1791, at an expense of £222 sterling. 
It was removed several years ago, long before the street was named 
Broadway. That market was a great gathering place for the inhabitants 
of the neighborhood, at the period in question, on warm afternoons, when 
the butchers had departed. They would take their chairs there, and 
smoke and gossip for hours. With many the privilege of leisure to 
enable them to enjoy such a luxury was highly prized; and it became a 

1 It occupied the site of Ransom's iron-front store. 

Hist. Coll. a. 4 



26 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



saying expressive of independence, " If I had a thousand pounds^I could 
afford to sit in the market, and would not call the Patroon uncle." How 
many political schemes have been concocted and discussed under the 
broad roof of that old market house ? How many plans which controlled 
the destinies of the Empire state may have been matured in these daily 
social councils ! 

We will now, in No. XIII, stand in Court street, south of State street, 
and look northward up Market street. Here we have a near view of the 
old Dutch Church, and a distant one of the market j and some of the 
houses we shall describe in Nos. XIV and XV. On the extreme left (1) 
is the stove and iron store of John Stafford ; the next to it (2) is the 
store of Stafford and Spencer, coppersmiths. The adjoining building 
was the store of John D. P. Douw, a hardware merchant; and the one on 
the corner (4) with gable in front, is now known as Douw's Building. 
It was occupied fifty years ago by James Clarke, dry goods merchant. 
On the left is the English hat store, kept by an Englishman named 
Daniels. That was the great emporium of the modern abominations. 
There I purchased, on a Christmas eve, my first stift" round hat, and then 
I hung up my cocked hat for ever. 

The smaller building near, painted yellow, was the store of Richard 
Dunn & Son, English merchants ; and the large peaked gable (9) was the 
store of the ratlier eccentric Henry Lansing, who kept teas and dry goods. 
I remember bini well half a century ago — an old, thin, tall Dutchman, 
with a three cornered hat and remarkable queue. He would seldom allow 
his customers to enter his store. He would take to the door whatever 
was asked for, and sell it there. It was a strange whim, and had its 
origin in his doubts of the honesty of most people. Adjoining his brick 
store was a frame building erected over a brook, and occupied by Thomas 
Gould, a hardware merchant, with whom my esteemed townsman, the 
earnest advocate of temperance, Edward C. Delavan, was a clerk for a 
while. But the most interesting object in this picture is the old Dutch 
Church. We are looking at its south front, in which was its entrance. 
This edifice, built of stone, was erected in 1715, over a smaller one built 
in 1656, at the intersection of Jonker and Handelaer streets, now State 
street and Broadway. The old church within was occupied until the 
walls and roof of the new one were com- 
pleted, and so there was an interruption in 
the stated public worship for only three sab- 
baths. The pulpit and bell were sent over 
from Holland ; and in the window near the 
north-east corner of the edifice were the 
arms of the Van Rensselaer family, wrought 
in stained glass. The portion of the window 
containing the arms is now in possession of 
General Stephen Van Rensselaer, the pro- 
prietor of the old manor house at the 
northern termination of Broadway. The 
history of this church during a cen- 
tury and a half is exceedingly interesting, 
;ivc it. I may only give a general descrip- 
Tt was a curious one inside. There was 




XII. Pulpit. 



but I have not time to \ 
tion of the edifice itself. 



Alhany Fifty Years Ago. 



27 




XIII. Court aud Market streets. 

a low gallery; and the huge stoves employed in heating the building were 
placed upon platforms so high that the sexton went upon them from the 
galleries to kindle fires. Perhaps in those days heat descended, instead of 
ascending, as in these degenerate times. The pulpit was octagonal in 
form, made of oak, and in front was a bracket upon which the minister 
placed his hour-glass when he commenced preaching. The pulpit with 
the bracket may yet be seen in the North Dutch Church. The bell rope 
hung down in the centre of the church, and to that cord hung many a, 
tale of trouble for Mynheer Brower,' the bell ringer, who lived in North 
Pearl street. Every night at eight o'clock he went to the church, pursu- 

1 Cornelius Van Schaack, not Mynheer Brower, was for a great many years the 
bell ringer of the church, and lived in North Pearl street, on the east side, above 
Maiden lane. There are several anecdotes related of the old sexton similar to 
the one here given, none of them authentic, perhaps ; but another may be added 
to this as a set off: One dark night some mischievous boys or young men opened 
the door and led a white cow 'down the aisle, fastened the bell rope to her horns, 
and placed on the floor a bundle of hay. Every time the cow would lower her 
head to get a mouthful of hay the old bell would send forth its notes on the mid- 
night air. Soon the old sexton was aroused, and down he went to the church to 
see who had the audacity to ring the bell. Raging with anger, with the authority 
of a judge and the boldness of a general, he grasped the latch and opened the 
door — when — a sound as from the tomb broke upon his ear. He looked — gave 
one screech, and ran as if for life. He swore he beheld a monster dressed in 
white. Nobody dared to enter the churcli, but next morning old aunty some- 
body's white cow was found taking it easy in the aisle. It is believed that this 
story is also told of some students in a college. It remains to be settled where 
it truly belongs. 



28 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



aut to his duty, to ring the suppaan bell. This was the signal for all to 
cat their suppaan, or hasty-pudding, and prepare for bed. It was equiva- 
lent to the English curfew bell. On these occasions the wicked boys 
would tease the old bell ringer. They would stealthily slip into the 
church while he was there, unlock the side door, hide in some dark corner, 
and when the old man was fairly seated at home, and had his pipe 
lighted, they would ring the bell furiously. Down he would go ; the 
boys would slip out of the side door before his arrival, and the old man 
after some time would return thoughtfully, musing upon the probability 
of invisible hands pulling at his bell rope. He thought, perhaps, those 

"People, ah, the people, 

They that dwell up in the steeple 

All alone ; 
And who, tolling, tolling, tolling, 

In that mufHed monotone, 
Feel a glory in so rolling, 

On the human heart, a stone ; 
They are neither man nor woman — 
They are neither brute nor human — 
They are ghouls!" 

The dead were buried under the old church ; and only a few years ago 
some of the coffins were exhumed by workmen when excavating for 
water pipes. That venerable building was demolished in 1806, and the 
stones were afterwards used in the construction of the Second Reformed 
Protestant Dutch Church, which was built on the ancient grave yard in 
Beaver street. 




et, now Broadway. 



Nos. XIY and XV present the appearance of Market street (now 
Broadway) in 1805, and will give the people of Albany to-day an oppor- 
tunity for perceiving the great changes that have been wrought within 
the last fifty years. It has been almost total. First, on the extreme 
left (1) we have a corner of the old Dutch Church ; then (2) a low, 
yellow building, known as Robison's corner, where the loftier edifice of 
the Albany Museum now stands. Next (8) was the fine brick dwelling 
house and store of my kinsman, John Van Schaick, then an eminent 



Mhany Fifty Years Ago. 



29 



merchant. In the two-story white frame building (4) David Waters sold 
groceries ; and in the adjacent brick building (5) lived David Newland, a 
Scotch settler. Elbert Willet lived in the next brick building ; and in 
the taller one adjoining it was the Albany Bank, incorporated in 1792. 
This was the first banking institution in Albany. Its nearest neighbor 
was the spacious brick dwelling-house of John Maley, one of the merchant 
princes of Albany. It survived the battles of change, and was long- 
known as the Mansion House hotel. AbramR. Ten Eyck's book store was 
next to Maley, and the smaller house, with a huge chimney, belonged to 
Peter Douw, a merchant. His neighbor (11) was Barent Gr. Staats, also 
a merchant. 

In the small building on the corner of Maiden lane, and next to the 
last one in the sketch, lived Teunis Van Vechten, a wealthy burgher, 
whose son Teunis (then a student at law) I well remember, was secretary 
of a meeting of young men whu were preparing for the bar, convened on 
account of the death of Alexander Hamilton, in July, 1804. Nowhere 
did the death of Hamilton make a more profound impression than in 
Albany, and nowhere was the hatred toward Burr, his destroyer, more 
intense. 

The last house (13) seen in the sketch we are considering was built 
of brick imported from Holland. It was a double house, having two 
gables, originally, which were afterwards carried up and covered by one 
roof. On the corner dwelt Richard Lush, and in the adjoining part 
John Brinkerhoff had a hardware store. Next to this was a two story 
house, seen in the next view (No. XV), which was of wood, and here 




XV. Market street, now Broadway. 

Jjhn Meads resided for a while, and was succeeded by Lawson Annesley 
in 1814 with a looking glass store. The next house (15) painted red. 
belonged to Martin Beeckman, and was occupied by Richard Dunn & 
Sons before they removed to Court street. No. 16, painted blue, was 
occupied by John Jacob Lansing in the beginning of this century ; he 
died in 1808, aged 92, having been long blind. The tall building adjoin- 
ing (17), was the residence of Barent ]31eecker, another of the merchant 
princes of Albany. It was painted yellow, and appeared very gay by the 



30 Albany Fifty Years Ago. 

side of its neighbor (18), a dull red house, built in the antique Dutch 
style, of Holland brick, and then occupied by General John II. Wendell, 
a Revolutionary ofiicer. Adjoining it was the office of Stephen Lush, 
an eminent lawyer, whose daughter was the wife of the Rev. Dr. 
Bradford, already mentioned. Looming above all was the grand house 
(19) of my excellent friend Dr. Samuel Stringer, who was one of the 
most eminent men of the day, and who adhered to the cocked^ hat as 
long as there was a shred left by the destructive hand of fashion. I 
reniember seeing the foundation of his house laid about the year 1804, 
I think. Then, for the first time, white marble was used in Albany as 
sills and caps for windows, and attracted great attention. The house 
was demolished in 1856 to make way for stores. Next to it was Dr. 
Stringer's office, separated by an alley from the large brick house (20) 
of Andrew Brown. Dudley Walsh occupied the old Dutch house, of 
Holland brick, next to Brown ; and on the corner of Steuben street is 
seen the old brick house of Sanders Lansing, a celebrated cake-baker of 
that day. He particularly excelled in making dead cakes, as they were 
called, for funerals. These were thick discs about four inches in diame- 
ter, and similar in ingredients to our New Year's cake. They were dis- 
tributed among the attendants at funerals after their return from the 
grave, when a glass of spiced wine was also handed to each. The dood 
koeJcjes were often kept for years — sometimes through two generations — as 
mementoes of the departed, like the wreaths of immortelle in France. 
Very recently I saw one of these cakes at the house of an old friend in 
Westerlo street, which bore the monogram of Sanders Lansing. It ap- 
peared like an old acquaintance, for they were common in my youth and 
young manhood. 

Opposite the cake-baker's is seen the fine old brick residence of Chan- 
cellor Lansing, who was mayor of Albany from 1786 to 1790. With 
this we close our views in Market street (Broadway) in the olden times ; 
then, as now, one of the principal business streets of the city. 

Here is a smaller view. The fine old dwelling-house upon the side 
hill, on the north-east corner of Pearl and Columbia streets, was the 
residence of Col. Jacob Lansing.' It was especially distinguished as the 
lodging place for the Indians when they came to Albany for the purpose 
of trading their furs, too often for rum and worthless ornaments. There 

1 I have taken a liberty -with the text here. The author places the wiJow 
Visscher in this house. Her residence was on the north-west corner of Canal and 
Pearl streets. She afterwards removed to the old yellow house in Columbia 
street, nearly opposite James, where she died. This house was probably built 
by the father of Col. Jacob Lansing, a pi-ominent character in the Revolution. 
His son, Jacob Lansing, occupied the house till his death, which was brought on 
by his efforts at the great lire in 1797. The late Judge Jacob Lansing was the 
third in descent from Col. Jacob, and was born in it. It is said to have been built 
in 171U, at which time it wasoutside of the city stockades. Itwas so constructed 
that the floors of no two rooms were on the same level. In stepping out of one 
room it was necessary to ascend or descend two or three steps to the next room. 
The window panes were in the form of diamonds, about four inches in diameter, 
set in leaden sashes. The ceilings were not latli-and-plastered, but the beams 
and sleepers were polished; and the jambs of the fire places were faced with 
porcelain, ornamented with scripture scenes. A Mrs. Wilson kept school in the 
wing early in the century. It is the purpose of Mr. Pcmbcrton to preserve this 
edifice as long as he lives. 



Albany Fifty Years Ago. 



31 



many stirring scenes transpired, when the Indians held their powwows, 
and becaoie uproarious under the influence of strong drink. The house 
has survived the general sweep of so called improvement. It is now 
owned by John Pemberton, and is occupied *as a grocery and_ provision 
store. 




XV. Kusideiicc of Colonel Lauaing. 

And here we will close the portfolio. I have enjoyed these reminiscences 
of the past most heartily, and I trust you have not spent the hour 
unpleasantly or unprofitably. A little while and I shall be like those old 
buildings — prone among the buried things of the past ; and yet a little 
while, and you, too, will be a forgotten item on the day-book of the 
living. Eut it is better to laugh than to weep, and so I will close my 
sermon here at the end of the text. Here is a glass of fine old Khenish, 
imported by my friend Barent Blcecker. We may never meet again on 
the earth ; so with the sparkling goblets in our hands, I will say, God 
bless you ! Adieu ! 



[32] 



THE ALBANY THEATRE. 



The first information we have of theatricals of any sort in Albany, is 
that which Mrs. Glrant communicates in her American Lady, as having 
been performed by the ofiicers of the British army in the time of the 
French war, about 1759. These gave such offence to the Dutch Re- 
formed clergyman, the Rev. Theodorus Frelinghuysen, that he made them 
the subject of severe censure in his pulpit; but instead of effecting any 
reform, a very singular suggestion was made to him to depart. He found 
at his door on Monday morning a staff, a pair of shoes, a loaf of bread, 
and some money. This so wrought upon his feelings that he left his 
charge, crossed the ocean, and was never more heard of. 

Mr. Dunlap says the first theatricals in Albany were enacted by a 
company of comedians from New York, who gained permission for one 
month only from the governor. They occupied the Hospital, which 
stood about where the Lutheran Church now is, on Pine street. The 
first play was Venice Preserved, Jn\j 3, 1769. 

In 1785 the Hospital was again fitted up for theatrical purposes, 
and opened on the 14th December with Cross Purposes and Catharine 
and PetrucJiio ; between which was a dance a la Polonnaise, and an 
Etdogy on Freemasonry. Tickets were sold at Lewis's Tavern, i as no money 
would" be taken at the door. Boxes $1, gallery 50 cts. A vigorous effort 
was made to prevent the continuance of the performances by a number of 
influential citizens, but the common council determined by a vote of 6 to 
4 that they had no legal right to prohibit theatrical exhibitions. A 
whole number of the Albany Gazette is occupied with the controversy, to 
the exclusion of every thing else. The Hospital was built in the time of 
the French war, probably, and may then have afforded the British ofiicers 
facilities for those theatrical displays which were the cause of so much 
alarm to Domine Frelinghuysen. 

In 1803 a company calling themselves the Old American Company, 
gave an entertainment at the Thespian Hotel in North Pearl street. 
They opened on the 2d of August, and continued their representations 
several weeks. This house, a Mr. Hayman seems to have had pos- 
session of in 1810, who opened it on the 14th November with the 
comedy of The Poor Gentleman, Mr. Bates speaking the prologue. This 
being the first cast of characters we have met with, it is here given : 
Dr. Ollapod, Mr. Bates. Farmer Harrowhy, Mr. Hayman. 

Frederick, Mr. Morgan. Humphrey Dobbins, Mr. Hayman. 

.Sir Robert Bramble, Mr. Southey. Miss Lucretia McTab, Mrs. Bates. 
* Lieut. Worthington, Mr. Taylor. Emily Worthington, Miss Edwin. 
Sir Chas. Crossland, Mr. Anderson. Dame Harrowby, Miss Cowley. 

Corporal Top, Mr. Lucas. 

iThe Lewis Tavern here spoken of is said to have been in Washington street, 
corner of Swan, the site of the Methodist Church, and not the more famous one 
in State street. 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 33 

The epilogue was spoken at the end of the comedy, and was followed 
by the farce of The Lying Valet. Boxes ^1, pit 50 cts. This was 
the era of private currency, in the shape of printed promises to pay, 
and gentlemen were requested to bring change with which to purchase 
tickets. This company concluded the season on the 28th May, 1811. 
The edifice in which these performances were exhibited was first known 
as Angus's Long Room, where the clti/ assemhlies^ as they were called, 
were held — in other words, it was a dancing room. In 1801 the United 
Presbyterian Church, of which Mr. Angus was a trustee, held their 
meetings there, for a short time after that society was organized. It 
seems to have been a convenient place for almost any public purpose ; 
but was finally taken down about 1835, and a building erected upon its 
site for a classical school, under the Rev. Samuel Center ; which in its 
turn gave place to the present dwelling house of Mr. Lansing Pruyn. 

It is said that John Bernard, decidedly the best low comedian that ever 
appeared in Albany, had an excellent company at this place for one or 
two seasons before the Green Street Theatre was erected. Mr. and Mrs. 
Young, Horton, Anderson, Johnson, and Clraham belonged to that com- 
pany, and Mrs. Young acquired her great popularity in this city at that 
theatre, in the character of Adelgitha. Hop. Robinson and Dwyer ap- 
peared here as stars ; and the Forty Thieves was first produced here, in 
which William Robinson personated Hasserack, the last of the forty 
thieves. Here also were introduced as stars, many of the most celebrated 
actors of the day. Holman and his daughter, afterwards Mrs. Gilfert, 
made their first appearance here; John Howard Payne, author of Home, 
Siveet Home, and of several dramatic pieces, appeared on this stage. 

Theatrical performances were also given at a house fitted up at 140 
State street ; and in a wooden building on the southeast corner of Green 
and Division streets, Bliven carried on a theatre, which was known at one 
time as the Pavilion, and was afterwards the site of a circus, and mena- 
gerie, made memorable by the death of an elephant there. 

The first edifice erected for the purposes of a theatre, was begun in 1811 
in Green street, near Hamilton, which is still standing. It was of brick, 
56 by 110 feet, Lewis Farnham builder. It was the enterprise of a joint 
stock company, consisting of John Van Ness Yates, Isaac Hansen, George 
Sharp, Isaac Q. Leake, John I. Godfrey and others. It was opened by 
John Bernard, and an excellent company, 18th Jan., 1813, with The West 
Indian and Fortune's Frolic. The opening address was written by Solomon 
Southwick. In this company the notabilities wei'e Mr. Waring, Mr. Tyler, 
Mr. Southey, Mr. Dwyer (who died here a few years ago), Mr. Young, 
Mr. Hopkins Robinson, tragedian, Mr. Placide, and William Robinson; 
Mrs. Bernard, Mrs. Lewis, Mrs. Wheatley, and Mrs. Young. The prices 
were, boxes $1, pit 75 cts., gallery 50 cents. Mr. Young died here, and 

his widow retired from the stage. She afterwards married the Hon. 

Hughes, and was the mother of Charles Hughes, late clerk of the court 
of appeals. She afterwards returned to the stage, under Burton in New. 
York. Many of the habitues of that theatre will remember her admira- 
ble rendition of the characters of Mrs. Toodles and Lady Sowerby Creamly, 
in which she was unequaled. On the death of Mr. Burton she retired to 
a farm in Washington county, where she now resides at the age of 76. 

This theatre proved to be a good speculation during the war with Great 

Hist Coll. a. 5 



34 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

Britain, after which there was a general depression of business, and it 
remained some time unoccupied. i In June, 1818, it was sold to the 




Greeu street Theatre. 

Baptist society, and was dedicated 1st January, 1819. The Baptists 
occupied it until 1851, when it was sold to a new society called the 
People's Church. This organization was of short duration, and in 1852, 
having passed into private hands, it was sold to a theatrical company for 
$6,000, and was opened 5th July, under the lesseeship of William S. 
Preston. On the 12th August following the performances were brought 
to a close by the sheriff, who took out the scenery. On the 20th De- 
cember it was again opened, greatly improved and decorated, by Madame 
de Marguerittes ; was soon after again carried on by Preston ; and on the 

1 A most laughable incident is told by a person wlio was one of the partici- 
pants. During the first year of its existence, a number of the then wild young 
fellows, wished to enter the theatre without paying, and entered the alley way 
from Green street, on the north side of the building, and had proceeded as far as 
the entrance to one of the rooms under the stage — the play that evening was 
Hamlet — accidentally fell against a door, it burst open, and there one side of the 
room stood the ghost of Hamlet's father, industriously engaged in quietly sipping 
a mug of beer ! One of them was incontinently seized by the nape of the neck 
by the mipc who was with the ghost, and hurled out of the room, making 
tracks for the street and crying murder at the top of his voice. The others of 
the party, whose fright was but temporary, rushed to the side of the ghost, seeing 
he was a live man, and followed liim on the stage. They were standing in the 
wings, when one of them discovered his father and mother in one of the pro- 
scenium boxes ; he was shortly after slapped on the shoulder by Bernard, the 
manager, and told to bring a table off the stage. Here was a dilemma, but he 
dare not refuse, for he then would disclose himself; so covering the side of his 
face with one of his hands, he went on and carried off the table. It was his first 
and last appearance on any stage, although it was upwards of half a century 
ago. — Alhain/ Evening Times. 



Tlieatriccd Reminiscences. 



35 



8tli Feb , 1853, was sold by the sberiiFfor $6,975. It was again opened on 
the 28th March by Edmund S. Conner, who married Charlotte Barnes, 
the daughter of the old comedian ; but it was in the end a losing con- 
cern. A great many attempts were afterwards made to carry on the 
drama successfully at this place, till it finally sank to a very low grade, 
and was closed in despair. It was in the fall of 1865 converted into a 
pork packing establishment, immediately after which the rear wall fell 
down, for the owner a disastrous finale to its inglorious career. 




Pearl street Theatre. 

The next theatre erected exclusively for the representation of the legiti- 
mate drama, was the edifice in South Pearl street, now occupied for the 
same purpose, and known under the sugar-coated appellation o^ Academy 
of Music. It was erected by a joint stock company of some of the most 
eminent capitalists' in the city in the year 1825, and was at the time one 
of the most elegant theatres in the country. It was 116 feet deep, 60 
feet wide, and 40 feet high. The auditory consisted of a pit and three 
tiers of boxes, a portion of the upper tier being used as a gallery. The 
stage was 52 by 58 feet. It was placed under the management of Charles 
Gilfert, who opened it to the public on the 18th May, 1825, with the 

iThe stockholders consisted of Stephen Van Rensselaer, Tennis Van Vechten, 
Gerrit Y. Lansing, Isaiah and John Townsend, James Stevenson, Francis Blood- 
good, Abel French, James McKown, etc. Hugh Dennison donated the lot. Large 
subscriptions were obtained payable in tickets. 



36 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 



best company that had ever been got together in the United States, and 
was greeted by a full and fashionable house, with Laugli token you Can and 
Raising the Wind; the opening address, written by Thomas Wells of 
Boston, being delivered by George Barrett.' The stock company consisted 
of Mr. Barrett, stage manager, his wife, formerly Miss Henry, a beautiful 
and accomplished woman, Mrs. Barrett senior, a majestic woman, Mrs. 
Gilfert, formerly Miss Holman, Mrs. Stone, Mr. Howard, Mr. Hyatt, Mr. 
Spiller, Mr. Anderson, etc. A fine orchestra was attached to the estab- 
lishment, and all its appointments were upon a liberal scale. Soon after 
its opening, Booth, the great star of the day, appeared in his favorite 
tragic characters, and during the season Keene, the vocalist, Miss Kelly, 
Forrest, Conway, Kean, and Hamblin made their appearance. Edmund 
Kean made his debut 8th December, as Richard III. He had previously 
been hissed off the stage in Boston, where the theatre was nearly 
destroyed by a mob. In New York also great efforts were made to pre- 
vent his playing. Here, however, he was greeted by an overflowing 
house. So great was the crowd that many retired through fear of suffoca- 
tion, and a great number that came from adjoining towns were unable to 
obtain admission. The pages which follow illustrate the history of this 
theatre. After a variety of good and bad fortune on the part of its 
managers, it was closed in 1839, and the same year sold to St. Paul's 
Church, an Episcopal organization then worshipping in the edifice now 

1 Having found a copy of the bill of the first night's performances, it is here 
given entire. 

ALBANY THEATRE. 

The inhabitants of Albany and its vicinity are respectfully informed that the 
New Theatre will be opened on Wednesday evening, 18th of May [1825]. 

Nights of performance this week, AVednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday. 

The Prize Address, written by Thomas Wells, Esq., of Boston, to be spoken by 
Mr. Barrett. 

After which the Admirable Comedy in five acts of, 

Laugh When you Can. 



Gossamer, 

Bonus, 

Delville, 

Mortimer, 

Sambo, 

Costly, 



Mr. 



Barrett. 
Faulkner. 
Lindsley, 
Anderson. 
Spiller. 
Roper. 
Dorothy, 



Gregory, 

Tom, 

Claries Mortimer, 

Mrs. Mortimer, 

Emily, 

Miss Gloomly, 

Mrs. Horton. 



Mr. Lamb. 

Singleton. 
Master Arthur. 
Mrs. Stone. 

Robertson. 

Barrett. 



The Evening's Entertainment to conclude with the admired Farce of. 

Raising the Wind. 



Richard, 

Waiter, 

Miss Durable, 

Peggy, 

le taken from 10 to 1, 



Mr. Lamb. 

Singleton. 
Mrs. Barrett. 

Robertson, 
and from 3 to 5 



Diddler, Mr. Barrett. 

Plainway, Faulkner. 

Fainwould, Lindsley. 

Sam, Hyatt. 

Scats for the lower tier of Boxes can 
o'clock. 

Tickets for the Boxes $1, Pit 50 cts.. Gallery 25 cts. 

A strong and efficient Police is established for the preservation of that order 
and regularity, which is essential in a well regulated Theatre. 

Doors to he opened at half past six, and the curtain to raise at a quarter after 
seven o'clock. 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 37 

occupied by St. Jolin's Catliolic Chui'ch, in Ferry street. It continued 
in the service of tliis church until 1862, when it was sold for $14,000,1 
and in December, 1863, was again opened as a theatre. On removing the 
floor of the church, the pit and orchestra were found to have been left 
as they stood twenty-three years before, when the edifice was transformed 
into a church. Having been fitted up in good style by Mr. John M. 
Trimble, of New York, it was opened 28th December, 1863, with The 
Lady of Lyons, which was cast as follows : 

Claude Melnotte, Mr. E. T. Stetson. Deschapelles, Mr. Sydney Smith. 

Beauseaut, Mr. F. Page. Pauline, Miss Annie AVait* 

Col. Damas, Mr. G. C. Ryer. Madame Deschapells, Mrs. LeBrun- 

Glavis, Mr. S. AV. Ashley. AVidow Melnotte, Miss A. Hampton. 

Gaspard, Mr. F. T. Murdock. 

It is only important to mention, that thus far the enterprise has been 
the most successful one ever undertaken in this city. 

About the time that the Albany Theatre was projected, another enter- 
prise was on foot for the erection on a grand scale for that day, of what 
a writer on a subsequent page terms a horse opera house. It resulted in 
the amphitheatre that occupied the site of the Garretson Methodist 
Church in North Pearl street, a few doors above Columbia street, on the 
east side. This establishment was 66 by 111 feet; it was opened in Feb. 
1826, combining a circus and theatre. Magnificent melodramas were 
exhibited here, the building being adapted for cataracts, and the intro- 
duction of large processions of horses and men, elephants even entering 
upon the scene, and marching from an apparently great distance with 
solemn tread up to the footlights. It was opened by Samuel B. Parsons, 
who had exhibited his troupe soiuewhere in the vicinity of the City Hall, 
when that vicinity had a very different aspect from that which it exhibits 
now. It is believed that Mr. Parsons found this city too feeble in 
patronage for the success of two such establishments as now presented 
themselves to the public for support. He was succeeded by Isaac O. 
Davis, who exceeded his predecessors in the splendor of the pieces he got 
up, but his success was only temporary. The evanescent glories of this 
house, and the people that occupied its stage, are depicted by another 
hand in the pages which follow. In 1828 William Duffy fitted it up for 
what he termed a spacious summer theatre, but the heat, or the apathy of 
the people, dissolved his prospects, and in 1829 it was advertised to be 
sold, and soon after became a church. The memory of the spectacles, 
whether magnificent or ludicrous, witnessed in the ring and on the stage 
of the amphitheatre during its short career, are yet vivid in the memory 
of many citizens. 



We will now introduce the reminiscences of Mr. Greorge Stone, a native 
of Albany, who began his professional life as an acrobat at the North 
Pearl Street Circus, and who afterwards visited a great portion of the 
cities and principal towns of the United States, where he became 
acquainted with the persons and scenes which he describes. He had no 
advantages of education, as will be perceived, but seems to have possessed 
an inquisitive turn of mind, and a good memory. The reader will need 

' It cost originally over $25,000, as a theatre. 



38 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

no further introduction. Mr. Stone died at Philadelphia, 18th Decem- 
ber, 1864, aged 53. These reminiscences were written in 1860, for the 
Alhavij Mornhuj Express. They will be none the less attractive, perhaps, 
by reason of the sf^le in which they are written. 

REMINISCENCES OF ALBANY THEATRICALS. 

The stock company of Charles Gilfert, manager of the Pearl Street 
Theatre, opened for the first time in the spring of 1825. This company 
was, beyond all doubt, the most talented and efficient that ever graced the 
boards of any theatre either in this or the old world. The names of the 
company were as follows : 

Charles Gilfert, manager and musical composer ; Charles Young, tra- 
gedian ; Edwin Forrest, tragedian; Anderson, tragedian ; Joe Horton, 
tragedian; Lindsley, tragedian ; Morton, tragedian, and general utility; 
George Barrett, light comedian; Rufus W. Blake, comedian; Barry, 
general business ; Faulkner, dialect and old men ; John Augustus Stone, i 
eccentric old men; George Hyatt, low comedian; Spiller, low comedian 
and vocalist; Howard, vocalist; Johnson, general utility; Mrs. Grey, 
vocalist ; Mrs. Gilfert, tragedienne ; Mrs. John Augustus Stone, tradegy 
and comedy; Miss Tilden, comedienne; Miss Neville, walking lady, 
3Iiss Robertson, chambermaid; Mrs. Barrett, comedy. 

Of the above actors I believe Barrett is still living in New York in 
extreme poverty. Forrest is now at his home in Philadelphia, a millionaire, 
and enjoying his otinm cum dignitate. Rufus W. Blake, once a slender 
looking young man, the idol of Albany upper tendom, and especially the 
female portion of it, — Rufus still lives upon the fat of the land, never 
foregoing a good dinner — doing the old man at Laura Keene's, I think. 
Miss Robertson was a beautiful woman, and one of the best actresses in 
her line that either hemisphere ever produced. She married Burroughs, 
once manager of the Pearl Street Theatre, a splendid looking fellow, and 
an unequaled melodramatic actor, and most efficient manager. She ac- 
companied him to England, and a few years since married a stage 
carpenter at Liverpool, and went to Australia. Miss R. was sister to 
Matilda Brundage, wife of the mad poet, McDonald Clark. Clark and 
wife were separated in ten minutes after marriage, a divorce shortly 
following. What an idea for a poet, — for she was very beautiful, young, 
and highly accomplished. 

Anderson, I believe, is alive at St. Louis, but must be very old. An- 
derson, you may recollect, became engaged in a wrangle with a gentleman, 
one night, at Preston's City Coffee House, which stood where the Delavan 
stands now, Anderson shooting him. He was tried and acquitted. - 

1 Author of Forrest's play of 3Ictamora. 

2 Many of our citizens — especially the old theatre goers — will doubtless recol- 
lect Anderson, who was a leading member of Gilfert's unequaled company, in the 
pnlniy days of the Pearl Street Theatre. A friend writes us from Philadelphia 
that poor Anderson — now seventy-six years old — is an inmate of the alms house 
in that city. Anderson is probably the only surviving member of the original 
stock company of the Pearl Street Theatre. He was an accomplished gentleman, 
a finished actor, and a great favorite. Our friend also informs us that Ander- 
son was a worthy member of the Amei'ican Dramatic Fund, and yet he is allowed' 
to pass his declining days in an alms house. Shame that poor Anderson should 
" to this complexion come at last." — June, 1864. 



Theatrical Henniniscences. 39 

George Hyatt died at sea, on board a whaler. He was the author of 
the ever popular song', The Melloxo Horn; but numerous mellow horns 
sent poor Hyatt on a long engagement with Davy Jones. He was decid- 
edly the most finished, accomplished and popular low comedian that ever 
graced the stage. 

Of William Duffy's and William Forrest's company (William was a 
brother of Edwin Forrest), also of the Pearl street Circus — the spot 
being now occupied by the Methodist Church — but few remain this side 
of the tomb of the Capulets. Jack Green' and his wife, I think, are 
still living. Lewy Underner, now of your Gayety, was attached to 
Dufty & Forrest's orchestra, then quite a young man. James Wallace, 
one of the company, and formerly editor of The iSnn, Philadelphia, is 
now assistant editor of a Louisville paper. He married the sister of 
Charles Durang, Miss Godey, a sprightly and beautiful little actress of 
Duffy & Forrest's company, and also for many years of the Park Theatre, 
New York. She is now dead. 

Thayer, a light comedian, and one of the very best, attached to Bur- 
roughs's company, and his wife (formerly Miss Fisher), are now playing 
at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia. Thayer was an especial 
favorite at that day in Albany ; but now he is in the sere and yellow leaf, 
doing old men admirably. Thayer was very thin and slim then ; he is 
now fat — jolly fat, and considerably over 60. Mrs. Thayer is one of 
the very best old women on the stage. Dave Eberlee, brother to the low 
comedian, Henry Eberlee, is also at the Walnut. He was at the Pearl 
Street Theatre under Burroughs. 

At the Pearl Street Circus, under the management of Parsons, I be- 
lieve, there is only one left of that immortal horse opera house, and that 
is Jim Banker, who looks as young and agile as he did twenty-five years 
ago, Jim keeps a splendid saloon on Walnut street, above Eighth, Phila- 
delphia. 

Johnny Cook, of your city — and I hope he yet lives — was a musician 
in that establishment — his wife being an actress and vocalist of a very 
pleasing and versatile character. Charley Taylor, now the veteran 
author, is living, having retired upon the Dramatic Fund in New York. 
Charley did the vocal business and juvenile lovers in those days. Charley 
was then young and gay, with locks of the raven's hue. There was also 
an actor at the old circus by the name of Henry. He was a genius in 
Ms way — a Yankee speculator, an Englishman by birth. He had been 
captain of a canal boat — preached sometimes — inventor of soap that 
would extract, as he said, grease from an old shoe, played the fiddle, made 
theatrical dresses, kept school, and finally turned actor. Some years since 
I stopped at a hotel in England. In the bar room I noticed a number of 
travelers, and among them was this Henry. He had been managing a 
theatre, but had busted — all his earthly store (wardrobe) was in a paste- 
board bandbox ! " But," says he, " I have something that will yet make 
my fortune." It was a theatre on wheels, and intended to be drawn by 
the actors — it was composed of cloth, and quite light 5 but whether the 
poor fellow ever got the actors to draic the show, I did not learn, but I 
presume that they (like the manager) never draioed. 

iJobn Green died in 1860. 



40 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

You remember Hunter, the great bare-back rider of the Pearl Street 
Circus. He left the States in 1829 for England, and became dissipated. 
He innocently took Ben. Stickney's coat one night from the dressing room 
of the Royal Amphitheatre, Liverpool. Ben, to frighten him, had him 
arrested, and was obliged to appear against Hunter. John Bull's law 
being equal to Jersey, poor Hunter was transported to Van Dieman's 
Land in 1839. It is said he has a wife and son residing in Philadelphia, 
very respectably connected. 

There was an actor by the name of Russell attached to the Pearl Street 
Circus. I saw him several years ago, playing Richard in a porh liouse, 
converted into a theatre, in Arkansas, and the way he battered old King 
Dick was never equaled by the little Greek, John Amiraille,i who used 
to do scenes from Richard in George Watson's barber shop, in North 
Market street. But the Greek was decidedly the best actor of the two, 
especially in the cfyidg scene. 

Albany at that time could boast of one of the most powerful dramatic 
companies that ever graced the boards of any theatre in either hemi- 
sphere. There was scarcely a member of that company, either male or 
female, but was far more deserving to rank as a star than hundreds who 
make pretensions in the present day to that title. George Barrett, I 
presume, had no equal as a light comedian in the world ; and his wife, 
too, was a chaste, accomplished actress. Her maiden name was Henry, a 
native of Boston, and she was said to have been the handsomest and most 
fascinating belle in that city. I believe shedied in Boston.- Miss Tilden, 
too, of Gilfert's company, was an enchanting actress, and a most amiable 
and accomplished lady. Miss Grey was a sweet vocalist, a beautiful and 
exemplary woman, and a great favorite. Mrs. Gilfert, as a tragic actress, 
had few equals. She was very highly accomplished, exceedingly modest 
and retiring, and her society much sought after by the best class of our 
citizens. After Gilfert's death she opened a school in New York, I be- 
lieve, for the instruction of young ladies in music, drawing, and other 
branches of polite education. 

There are, alas, but few of that bright galaxy of artists who graced 
the boards of the Pearl Street Theatre left — gone, gone to the tomb of 
the Capulets — and the same may be said of Duffy &^Forrest's company, 
Burroughs's and Dinneford & Blake's, -^ who succeeded Gilfert. 

In relation to Edwin Forrest, then one of Gilfert's stock company, I 
well remember when he came to this city from the southern or south- 
western theatres (though he is a native of Philadelphia), and made his 
dehut in the Pearl Street Theatre — then a young man, I should think not 
over 21 years old. He was rather a wild young fellow, what is modernly 

iJohn Amiraille came to this city from Boston, was dissipated, and fell into 
the hands of Watson, who maintained him as a butt for his customers. He 
went upon tlie stage to burlesque Richard III. His biography was written by 
John B. Southwick, the Greek soliciting the subscription himself. Most part of 
the edition was destroyed. The Greek died in the New York Alms house. 

2 Mrs. Barrett was enacting the Bavarian gii'l one evening at the Pearl Street 
Tlieatre, and, wliilc singing the broom song, approached her husband, saying, 
" Buy a broom ? Buy a little one for the baby ?" " Lord bless you," says Bar- 
rett, " 1 haven't got any babies, I wish I had, and you was the mother of tliem !" 
They were childless. 

3 Blake died April, 18G3. 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 41 

termed a fast young man, fond of fun, and a good lark now and then, 
without especial regard to the expense ; but he at once became a favorite, 
both on and off the stage, with all classes, but particularly the younger 
portion of theatre goers. He was counted a good melodramatic actor by 
some, and tip-top in anything by others, 

Forrest made his appearance here, I think, as George Barnwell — af- 
terwards playing Timour the Tartar, Earl Osmond, in the Castle Spectre, 
also in the Broken Sioord, William Tell, &c., acquitting himself credita- 
bly. On the appearance of Conway, the great English star tragedian, at 
the Pearl Street, Forrest played second. I well remember the night he 
played Mark Antony to Conway's Brutus in the tragedy of Julius Ceesar. 
The house was filled to overflowing with the fashion of the town — the 
fashion, patronized theatricals in those days in Albany. It would seem 
that, on that occasion, Forrest, to use a modern term, threiv himself, his 
speech, over the dead body of Ceesar, completely electrilying and bringing 
down the house. Everybody was astonished, taken all aback, for they 
had no idea that the vaulting young stripling had so much of the real 
mettle in him. I have no doubt that Conway felt annoyed, chagrined, 
if not Jealous, at the course things were taking. After Conway concluded 
his engagement, Forrest supporting him throughout, Forrest went through 
with Conway's role of characters, winning the good opinion of all sorts of 
people. Among the audience on the representation of Julius Csesar, was 
Major M. M. Noah, editor of the New York National Advocate, and one 
of the finest theatrical critics in America. Noah was stopping at Congress 
Hall, where Gilfert also had rooms. After the theatre was out, Noah met 
Gilfert in the drawing room, and said to him, " Clilfert, as you are about 
to open the Bowery, I advise you by all means to secure the services of 
young Forrest ; he has the germs of a great actor in him; take him to 
New York, let him go through a severe course of study, and mark my 
words for it, he will, ere long, astonish and electrify the theatrical world." 

Gilfert did strike a bargain with Forrest, and all who are at all posted 
in the history of theatricals, or of Forrest, know what the result was. 
Forrest immediately turned over a new leaf in his habits, applied himself 
to study, but continued to play nightly to crowded and enthusiastic 
audiences — in fact, carrying everything before him. Albanians claim, 
with some justice and pride, having given Ned a boost, or the first boost — 
as in this city he placed his foot upon the first round of the ladder by 
which he soon after mounted to the topmost round, leading to fame and 
fortune. 

Leaving the Bowery, he commenced a tour through the States as a 
star, playing in Shakspearian and Roman characters, with unprecedented 
success. He then made the tour of Europe, not, however, in a profes- 
sional character. After visiting all the important places on the continent, 
he returned to his native land, and again donned the harness theatrical, 
playing with eminent success in all the principal cities in the Union. 
He again visited Europe in a professional capacity, appearing at Drury 
Lane as Spartacus, in Dr. Bird's new play of The Gladiator, before one 
of the largest and most respectable audiences ever assembled within the 
walls of that vast edifice. He also appeared as Othello, and in other 
Shakspearian characters — the London critics awarding him very marked 
encomiums. 

Hist. Coll. a. 6 



42 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

As an evidence of the wonderful strength of Forrest, I will state a 
little incident that occurred while he was playing a star engagement at 
the Pearl Street Theatre. The play was The Gladiator. Old Dummy 
Allen, his costumer, was assigned the part of one of the principal gladia- 
tors — a very important part — as Spartacus (Forrest) has a long and 
severe combat with him. Just as the scene in the arena was to com- 
mence, a constable by the name of Chet. Moore entered with a warrant 
ao-ainst Allen for an old score he had run upon some former visit to 
Albany, and Chet. deeming that a good time to collect the amount, 
arrested him, without intimating to Forrest the object of his visit. 
Forrest being informed of the fix Allen was in, advanced and grabbed 
Moore, who was a powerful built man, weighing over 200 pounds, hurling 
him several feet from him, against the scenes, retaining in his grasp good 
sized pieces of Chet's coat, vest and shirt. Suffice it to say, Forrest gave 
his word that all things should be made right, and the performance went 
on as though nothing had happened. 

There was one individual in Albany who took much interest in Forrest, 
and to whom he is indebted for much of the finish so necessary in the 
histrionic art. I allude to James Hunter, one of the editors of the Albany 
Dailij Advertiser, and one of the best theatrical critics of that day. Mr. 
Hunter would seat himself in the box nearest the stage, watch Forrest's 
every movement, action, utterance, pronunciation, emphasis, point, — and 
after the performance he would, in private, point out such faults as he was 
thought to have committed. Hunter lived to see his favorite and protege 
rise to the highest pinnacle of dramatic ftime. When Hunter died 
Forrest came on from Philadelphia, or some other distant city, expressly 
to attend his funeral, following the remains of his best and well tried 
friend to their last resting place as one of the chief mourners. 

The following facts have been gathered from some of Mr. F.'s letters, 
written thirty-two years ago, to an intimate friend from boyhood. I re- 
gret to say, however, they have not spoken or corresponded for thirty 
years, from what cause I am unable to learn. The gentleman I allude to 
is Mr. S. H. F. retired many years ago quite wealthy. He held a lucra- 
tive position, an office of honor, profit and trust, and is regarded as one 
of our most estimable citizens. 

Edwin Forrest was born in March, 1806, in Plumb (now ]Monroe) 
street, Philadelphia, and is now [1860] 54 years of age. His father was a 
Scotchman, his mother an American, very worthy and much respected. 
They were strong adherents to the Scotch Presbyterian Church. For- 
rest's father was the runner of the old United States Bank, and died in 
its service. There were six children, I believe, viz : — Lyman, Henrietta, 
Caroline, William, Edwin and Edgar. Lyman was a tanner and courier, 
his shop being in Second street, near Callowhill. It is said that in tliis 
shop Edwin Forrest gave his first recitation, on a stone table (used by his 
brother for dressing leather), for the amusement of the workmen. 

It nuiy be truly said that Edwin Forrest was born an actor. He was a 
mere child at this time. Lyman Forrest died in South America. William 
Forrest was a printer. He learned his trade in Walnut street, between 
Second and Front. Edwin recited from Shakspeare at the old Star 
Harmony Court — also before an audience at the Tivoli, in Market street. 
At this time he had inhaled exhilarating gas at an exhibition held at 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 43 

this place, and it was here his genius was brought to light. He made his 
first bow before a regular theatrical audience in 1820, as Young Norval, 
at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia. Forrest was a clerk in the 
store of Mi-. Tires, ship chandler, on the wharf, quite a lad at this time. 
He was afterwards assistant in the store of a Mr. Baker, a very worthy 
and pious man, (a Moravian), in Vine street, nearly opposite where 
McDonough's Gayeties is now located. Young- Forrest gave more atten- 
tion to Shakspeare than he did to his employer's interest, Mr. B. often 
remarking : " Edwin, this thcoratical infatuation will be your ruin !" 
Forrest's parents — being strict Scotch Presbyterians — were bitterly 
opposed to the profession he had chosen. Forrest was one of Collins & 
Jones's company of Pioneer Actors of the West. He suffered many 
privations, being obliged, on one occasion, to swim over the 3'uskingum 
river, the stream being very hiyli and funds low. He boiled corn as hard 
as Pharoah's heart, to keep up life. This was in the wilds of Kentucky. 
He played comic as well as tragic parts. His first star engagement was 
after the expulsion of Edmund Kean, 1826. 

It has been doubted by some that Forrest ever performed feats of 
agility in the circus, but there is no mistake about it. He performed in 
the North Pearl Street Amphitheatre on a wager (he was at the time at- 
tached to the South Pearl Street Theatre, then under the management of 
Gilfert), in a still vaulting act, I believe, for Bill Gates's benefit, creating 
shouts of laughter and applause from those present who knew it was 
Ned. The dress he wore on that occasion was from the wardrobe of the 
establishment. It consisted of an enormous pair of Turkish trousers, 
breast plate and fly — his feet were adorned with a pair of sheep-skin 
pumps — (whoppers in size) — the kind worn by a numerous train of 
auxiliaries. But few knew him, but much fun was in vogue at Ned's 
expense. He also made a fi3'ing leap through a barrel of red fire, for 
Charley Young's benefit, singing his eyebrows all off! This was his 
last " big leap" in the show business. Sol. Smith, in his reminiscences, 
says he saw Forrest with a show in Kentucky. " Ned was performing 
flip-flaps at the rate of 240 per minute, and the way he kicked the dust 
was a caution to owls !" Forrest played for Obe Woodhull's benefit at 
the Park Theatre before he played atGilfert's Bowery Theatre. Forrest, 
in a letter dated Albany, January, 1826, says : '' To-morrow night I do 
Tiniour for the first time. 0, tempora ! 0, mores !" This was in Gil- 
fert's company. Bob Laidly was then playing the same part at the North 
Pearl Street Circus. A letter from Forrest, dated Washington, October 
14, 1826, says: "I play Damon for the first time to-morrow night." 
He says in the same letter : " I was detained and did not reach Wash- 
ington in time. Charley Webb appeared as my suh, and played Holla 
exceedingly well." In another letter he says : " Albany is not the 
sphere for me ! I shall play with Kean," et cetera. Forrest was a great 
admirer of Kean. He commenced his star engagement at the Bull's 
Head (Bowery) Theatre, January 17, 1825[?]. 

The first circus that ever visited Albany (as far as can be ascertained) 
performed on the open lot near wV.ere Fort Orange formerly stood, now 
the steam boat landing. The riders were Mr. and Mrs. Stewart, from 
England. They had no canvas — notliing but stakes and ropes, forming 
a ring for the riders. Collections were taken up by the clown among 



44 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

the audience outside the ring. Mrs. Stewart was a fearless, graceful 
rider. 

Rickets's English Circus, after having been burnt out at the corner of 
Fifth and Chestnut streets, Philadelphia, iu 1795, proceeded north, per- 
forming in New York and Albany, and thence to England. West's com- 
pany performed at Albany in 1820, in the Colonic, back of a stone 
cutter's yard. West was £i-om England. He had one of the most mag- 
nificent studs of horses ever seen on this side of the Atlantic. His 
company performed several seasons at the Broadway circus. They first 
produced Timour the Tartar, Cataract of the Ganges, Blue Beard, &c. 
West sold out to Price & Simpson, of the old Park Theatre, and returned 
to England wealthy. He is still living at York Cottage, in Yorkshire. 
Levi North married his daughter in England some years ago. 

The palmy days of the Price & Simpson Circus began to decline in 
1826. The animals all perished in a gale of five days duration on board 
the ship Orbit, while going around by sea to Charleston from Baltimore. 
One beautiful animal was saved of the entire stud (Fanny More). It 
was described as a heart rending scene — the poor animals followed in 
the wake of the vessel until they disappeared, one after another, beneath 
the waves. After this disaster circuses seemed to have died out. 

Pepin Burchard, with a French circus, landed in Boston in 1806, from 
Spain. They performed in conjunction with West at Philadelphia. 
Pepin built the Walnut Street Theatre. One of his riders (Burt) is still 
living in Philadelphia. Pepin had a thorough military education. He 
was an officer in the cavalry of France. He was one of the most graceful 
horsemen of the time, and the Beau Nash of that day. Pepin was born 
in Albany, at the corner of North Market street and the Colonic. His 
parents were French. They left Albany for Paris when Pepin was two 
years of age. I received the above account of him at New Orleans. 

Laison had a circus at the corner of Fifth and Prune streets, in opposi- 
tion to Rickets's, in 1796, being an extensive establishment. They were 
all Frenchmen, a splendid pantomime and riding troupe. They em- 
barked for the West Indies, and were never heard of afterwards. The 
building fell down from the great weight of snow on the roof, just as a 
company of soldiers left it, being used as a place to drill in. There was 
a rumor, many years ago, that the celebrated highwayman that attacked 
the inn kept by Mrs. Pye, between Albany and Troy, vras one of Pepin's 
horsemen. He was a southerner. He certainly made a Mazeppa leap 
from the quay, on his fleet mare. He was shot, after a long chase, at 
Greenbush, by Billy Winue, it is said. The highwayman died in Albany 
jail of his wounds. 

There was a circus on the hill in Albany, just above the jail in State 
street, corner of Eagle street. Parsons was the proprietor. This was 
before he opened the Pearl street show, in 1826. It was on this spot that 
Joe Martin exhibited his wild beasts. Tippo Sultan, the great elephant, 
was the star, being the second elephant ever seen in America. Tippo 
saved Joe's life in the Bowery, New York, in 1822, under the following 
circumstances : Two tigers had got loose from their cages in the absence 
of their keepers. Martin came into the caravan at this moment. One 
of the tigers had torn the lama to pieces, and was feeding on it. The 
other tiger had attacked the lion, the lion holding the tiger in chancery. 



Tlieatrical Reminiscences. -45 

The tiger that was feeding upon the lama then made at Joe — he had a 
cane in his hand, and kept him at bay till he got to the elephant, who, 
quick as thought, with his trunk placed Joe in safety on his own back. 
Tippo threw the tiger with great violence to the roof of the building. 
The alarm was given and the animals secured. It was a most miraculous 
escape for Joe. This circus consisted of John vStickney and wife, Bill 
Gates, clown (many years low comedian at the Bowery Theatre), Jim 
Westervelt, rider (died from the effects of a fall from his horse at Syra- 
cuse), Mat De Garmo, son of Dr. De Garmo, of Albany, Jake Burton, an 
Albany boy (poor Jake died in the mines of Galena), Ned Carter, slack 
rope. The wonderful pony Billy, 30 inches high, was a great curiosity in 
those days. Old Bill Jones was the groomsman of this circus, who, I 
believe, is still living in Albany. There was also a theatrical entertain- 
ment given here. Duffy played Timour, the stage being mother earth. 
The dressing rooms were in the rear of the old jail. Mrs. Thompson 
played Zorilda — her charger flew up the steps like a cat. She sang 
comic songs and danced the slack wire. She was alive a few years ago, 
the wife of a strolling actor named Chip. Mrs. Prichard played here. 
She was an excellent actress — she was formerly Mrs. Tatnall. She mar- 
ried Ham. Hassick; the son of the celebrated Dr. Hassick, of New York. 
I have a letter in my possession from Mrs. P.; she was then in New 
Orleans. She says: " I am now about to leave New Orleans forever," 
&c., and so she did. The steam boat on which she was took fire, on Fied 
river, and she perished. She was a beautiful woman. She was born in 
Boston. Her maiden name was Pemberton. The actors boarded, at that 
day, at Foot's inn. State street, near the Capitol. 

Old Jefferson gave a theatrical entertainment in Harmony Hall. He 
painted the scenes himself, being a first class artist. 

Old Biven had a theatrical company at the Thespian Hotel, in North Pearl 
street, in 1822-23. Charley Webb was the tragedian. Webb was found 
drowned in the canal, at Washington, a few years ago. He abandoned the 
stage fora short time, and commenced an engagement in the pulpit — getting 
tired of preaching he again joined the profession. Mrs. Meline was the 
vocalist. Forbcsi and llufus W. Blake played here — both are still living. 
Alec Simpson was the low comedian. He was a printer, and served his 
time with George and Charles Webster, at the old Elm Tree corner. Simp- 
son was a great wag — a perfect original, and the author of many anec- 
dotes, songs, &c. Dr. Carr, the original Dusty Bob. in Tom and Jerry, 
sufiered much from Simpson's fun. Dr. Carr is alive and in Philadel- 
phia, in the Jew business. Biven played the old man. An amateur 
company performed here occasionally. The company consisted mostly of 
printers, and some really good acting was witnessed here. I can well re- 
member some of the names ; B. R. Spelman, James W. Parsons, John 
Visscher,- George Vance, Cornells Wendell, William Campbell, William 

1 Forbes had a most remarkable faculty of turning pale, when occasions re- 
quired, upon the stage, at will. I never heard of any one possessing such a 
conti'ol over the color of his face. His wife, a liandsome woman, used to sing 
Coming thro' the Rye, then new, with great effect. 

2 Visscher died 17th June, 1844; Vance died 23d Feb., 1843 ; Thompson died 
19th April, 1835; Webster and Cole are also dead. The others are in active life. 



46 TJieatrical Reminiscences. 

Thompson, James Duffey, Thomas Crow, Philo Webster, Philo K. Cole, 
Addison Low, etc. They must be nearly all dead now. 

Blanchavd's circus came from Quebec in 1826, and joined Parsons at 
the North Pearl Street. Blanchard was an Englishman. He died at 
Louisville, Ky., in 1837, and was buried by the Masonic fraternity. His 
son George is still living in that city. Cecelia Blanchard broke her leg 
while riding at Utica, in 1828, which had to be amputated. William, 
the bare back rider, died in Martinique (W. I.), in 1831. Blanchard 
opened the new amphitheatre, Baltimore, in 1829, and realized a fortune, 
but subsequently lost all. He opened the Chatham G-arden, New York, 
as a circus, and failed. For many years he kept a small inn on the 
Bloomingdale road. Madame Blanchard is now a French cook in New 
York. Cecelia is still living in New York. The immortal Nosey Phil- 
lips, of free lunch memory, was Blanchard's right hand man at this time. 
I he.or he is defunct. Well, if he is dead, he has paid one debt at all 
events. So peace to his gags ! 

Old Biven opened Vauxhall Garden, in North Pearl street, 1826. 
Here ice cream, fire works, and Doty's paintings flourished for a while and 
caved in. Franklin sang the Hunters of Kentucky, in that day a song 
that was all the go. Le Febre ballanced guns on one tooth, &c. A 
small stage was erected in front of a fountain, and on those boards strut- 
ted the African champion, Ilcwlet. This darkey was some in Richard 
and Othello. On the stage he tore King Dick to flinders, and of a hot 
summer's night the audience kept a respectful distance from the foot 
lights (penny dips), in consequence of the strong goat-like odor diifused 
over the garden. Shakspeare's proud representative, as Hewlet styled 
himself, was detected in New York in 

•'Taking things what wasn't hizzen, 
Then arrested and sent to pi-izzen." 

Richard Riker, recorder of New York, gave Hewlet a star engagement 
at Bellevue for one year, with a clear benefit at the expiration of the 
time. After receiving sentence, Hewlet placed himself in a theatrical 
attitude, exclaiming, " Lead me back to my straw," — "I have done the 
state some service," &c. Riker replied by saying " he should do the 
state some more good service." Old Hays, the renowned high constable, 
dropped the curtain, and Hewlet was led back to his straw ! 

Trowbridge's Museum, corner of South Market and Hudson streets, 
was a great show in the olden time. Here was to be seen the rope that 
hung Hamilton, for shooting Major Birdsall, on the green near the Little 
Basin, in 1813. The ghost of Samuel, made of pine wood, popped his 
whitewashed head out of the tomb, in the third story, the melancholy 
scene being enlivened by the antics of three clowns. Then there was the 
Phantasmagoria, pickled babies and reptiles, execution of Louis the Six- 
teenth, Daniel Lambert, Washington's wife weepingi — x think I can now 

lit was a melancholy spectacle to see the properties of this ancient Museum, 
the old Turtle, Helen Mar, Daddy Lambert, Charlotte Temple, the Witch of 
Endor, .Jesse Strang, .Jane McCrea, Gen. Jackson, and a hundred other worthies 
that had been the admiration of so many thousands for half a century, thrown 
promiscuously upon a common cart, and dumped into a canal boat, in which they 
were transported to the western lakes, and down the Ohio and Mississippi, where 
they are now the wonder of the southwestern country. 



Tlieatrical Reminiscences. 47 

see the large glass tears glued to her venerable cheeks — and last, though 
not least, that ever memorable onjan that discoursed such sweet music ! 
How often did that soothing instrument pour forth, of a hot summer's af- 
ternoon or in mid winter, that soul stirring air of MoUi/^ Hang the Kettle 
On. I presume its ancient body has been numbered with the dead. It 
must have actually been ground to death I 

There was a show shop at the corner of Division and Green streets. 
Theatricals, circuses, &c., flourished here for a short time, in 1823 - 24. 
Old Vilalave and family danced the rope here. 

The amphitheatre of Parsons, in North Pearl street — where the Meth- 
odist Church now stands — was probably one of the most spacious and 
perfect in all its appointments in the Union. The ring and stage were 
immense. The rear of the building was constructed with an opening 
into a garden over a hundred feet in depth, thus affording a grand dis- 
play in getting up such spectacles as the (Jataract of the Ganges.^ Blue 
Beard., the Siege of Montgatz, etc., with processions of men, horses and 
elephants, producing a grand and truly imposing effect. 

The following are the names of some of the dramatic company at- 
tached to this establishment : Messrs. Kenyon, Thompson, Lamb, Laidley, 
Stevenson, Henry Eberlee, Somerville, C. W. Taylor, Logan (father of 
Eliza Logan, the celebrated American tragedienne, lately retired with a 
fortune), Avery, Roper, Mrs. Hatch, Mrs. Johnny Cooke, Miss Eberlee, 
Miss Hatch, Mrs. Lamb, Miss Robertson, &c. 

The equestrian corps consisted of West, ring master, Masters Jake 
Burton, Rockwell, W. and J. Bancker, Calahan, Bill Grates, clown (after- 
wards first low comedian at the Bowery Theatre), Mrs. Williams, f^'wes 
trienne, Hunter, the greatest bare back rider in the world, Stickney, &c. 
The Cataract of the Ganges, and spectacles of the like character, were 
brought out here in a style of splendor probably never equaled. The 
stud of horses was not surpassed in number, splendor and dexterity. The 
celebrated horse White Surrey was one of the most graceful, beautiful, 
learned creatures that ever entered the ring. Surrj did the leading bu- 
siness in tricks, storming fortresses, dashing up cataracts, and other won- 
derful feats. 1 

I have some interesting incidents connected with the Green Street 
Theatre, furnished by one of the company attached to that theatre, who 
has been dead for many years. I hope you will excuse the imperfect 
manner in which I have thrown these show reminiscences together. The 

iMany will remember the Cataract of the Ganges, and the real water, and the 
precipice up which Mrs. Cooke rode through the spray, upon that wonderful horse. 
Alter this business came to an end, Johnny Ccoke opened a gai-den at a farm 
house, a great way out of town, near where the State Street Presbyterian Church 
now is. Pavements have seemingly made a great difference in distances. He 
made very little money there, but was of some service to agriculture in the line 
of irrigation, in this way : He used to exhibit fire works at this place, and it 
was only necessary to post up his bills to announce the fire works, to bring on a 
shower, that generally terminated in settled rain. The clerk of the weather 
seemed to have had a special grudge against .Johnny, and the windows of lieaven, 
which had not before been opened since the deluge, seemed to liavc been situated 
directly over his garden. He served in the war of 1812, in the Mexican war, and 
in the war of the rebellion, returning from the latter minus an arm, and still re- 
sides in the city, his wife having died many years ago, a devoted member of the 
Methodist church. 



48 Theatrical Remmiscences. 

dates, and many incidents, I have collected from the notes of some old 
stagers, that have long since made their " final exit from life's busy 
stage." 

DuflFy & Forrest's company are, I believe, nearly all dead. Forrest 
was a printer. It is a little strange that most of the actors of the olden 
time, especially Americans, were printers. They bowed and strutted 
their " brief hour " before the immortal Ramage press, and then were 
heard of no more as printers. I was one of a theatrical company some 
twenty-one years ago, the whole establishment was fully represented by 
the craft. This company was a strolling troupe, and traveled through the 
interior of Pennsylvania. Charley Porter, the veteran actor (still living) 
was a printer ; also, Harry Henkins, who learned his trade with the 
Harpers. T. B. Johnson, then a novice but not a stick., for he has since 
made a good impression. Joe Gilbert, who afterwards married Mary 
Duff, and Peter Logan, were printers. The latter died on board a steam 
boat on the Ohio river a few years ago. The ladies consisted of Charlotte 
Cushman, Susan Cushman and Mrs. Logan. 

The fate of poor DuiFy is too well known to need comment. William 
Forrest died in Philadelphia in 18B4. The last part he played was the 
gliost in a burlesque called High, Low., Jack and the Game, in the Arch 
Street Theatre, Philadelphia, and exclaimed (his last words), as he 
descended through the stage, "D. I 0." — (damn me, I'm off). Forrest 
died suddenly that night. ^ Harry Quinn was one of that company; like 
Alec Simpson, he had lost his memory The last night he ever appeared 
on the stage was at the Arch Street Theatre. His dress was half off — 
he stood bewildered — Joe Horton apologized for him, and Quinn was led 
off the stage. He died shortly afterwards at Blakely Hospital. Eossiter, 
who played small parts, afterwards ended his life in deep tragedy — he 
committed suicide in the theatre. Col. James Wallace is still living — 
he was editor and proprietor of the Daily Sun for many years. IJe is 
now assistant editor of one of the Louisville papers. The colonel mar- 
ried the sister of Charles Durang. She was formerly Mrs. Grodey, a most 
excellent actress, attached to the old Park Theatre for many years. 
Fielding, of that company, died in the West. The last I saw of him 
was in Kentucky. He had made a firm resolve to abandon the profession, 
as times had become desperately bad. Fielding was missed — no person 
knew of his whereabouts, not even his lavdlord I 1 chanced to be travel- 
ing through the country one day, and discovered Fielding hoeing corn. 
It was a very hot day. In his left hand he held a pocket umbrella, in 
the right his hoe, a three cornered Panama hat on his head, buff stage 
boots on his feet, with a pair of fashionable eye-glasses over his nose. 
He informed me that he had got along finely that day. for he had hoed 
foui- hills! His manager (the farmer) was a Methodist preacher, and a 
very humane man. He owned a distiller)/, and was part owner of a stud 
horse, that Fielding was to take charge of and manage in the fall and 
spring. 

Hardy and Hart were in this company. They formed a partnership 

1 William Forrest was not eminent in his profession. His favorite character 
Avaa Robin Roughhead, in Forivne's Frolic. When Duffy was absent and busi- 
ness devolved upon him, Fortune's Frolic was sure to be put on the bill. 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 49 

and managed a theatrical troupe in Georgia. Hart became very unpop- 
ular, which he richly deserved. He had chartered a steam boat to carry 
his company to a small town in Florida. A small tug steamer had hove 
in sight of Hart's vessel with a signal of distress flying. The unfortu- 
nate passengers and crew were in a state of great suffering. Hart saw 
all this, and refused to give succor to those on the tug, for the reason, he 
said, that " he would be too late for the performance, which would take 
place the next night, and he must lose no time !" The tug, however, 
was brought to the port of Mobile in safety, in spite of this heartless Hart. 

Who remembers old Sam Jones '/ Sam was in this company. He is a 
Philadelphia book binder by trade. He left the stage some years ago, 
and is still living. I heard him make a political speech in front of the 
State House, Philadelphia, and a very good one it was. Sam was " sound 
on the goose question." I don't think that he ever heard the sound of 
the goose (hisses) in his show days, as he was really a fair actor. 

John Kent and his sisters were attached to this company. Mrs. Her- 
bert (Ellen Kent) is the oldest of the sisters. The youngest (Eliza) 
married little Harry Kni'ght,' a low comedian, at Quebec. Knight had 
his leg cut off on the rail road between Baltimore and Philadelphia, in 
18o'J, and died from the effects. His widow married George Mossop — a 
divorce followed, and she married a Mr. De Costa, a merchant of Phila- 
delphia, and retired from the stage. Mossop then married the divorced 
wife of Harry Hunt, the vocalist. She was once a juvenile prodigy 
(Miss Lane), daughter of INlrs. Kinlock, formerly attached to the Albany 
Museum company. After Mossop died she married John Drew,- one of 

1 Knight used to sing The Poachers, and as opportunities to sing his favorite 
song did not occur frequently enough to satisfy him, he used to go into the upper 
boxes and call for Knight ; whereupon the pit would take it up, and he would scud 
around behind the scenes, and answer the call. 

2 John Drew died May 21, 1862, aged 35. He was the greatest Irish comedian 
since Powers's time. Mr. Drew died at his own residence, in Philadelphia, at half- 
past four o'clock Wednesday afternoon, probably from disease of the heart. He was 
about thirty-five years old, was born in Dublin, Ireland, and entered the British 
navy when a mere boy. When vei'y j^oung he went upon tlie stage, and by 
degrees attained a world wide reputation in Irish characters. In Europe, 
America and Australia he was equally popular. Only a few months ago, after 
concluding a splendid engagement with ^Ir. Bourcicault. in England, he returned 
to this country, and two weeks since completed an engagement of one hundred 
and one nights at his wife's Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia. Last week Mr. 
Drew was in New York, feted by all the members of his profession. In June next 
he proposed to return to England to play a starring engagement. Man proposes 
and God disposes. Nothing but a lifeless corpse remains to us of Julin Drew — 
the popular actor, (he polished gentleman, the Irish Yorick, the fast friend, the 
good fellow — except his pleasant memory. Tlie funeral was attended by a vast 
concourse of persons of both sexes. He was followed to Glen Wood Cemetery by 
the Masonic fraternity, the Actors' Order of Friendship, citizens, &c. Many of the 
theatrical profession from New York were present. Mrs. Drew is a widow for the 
third time. What changes of scene has this lady seen since she bore the name of 
Louisa Lane, then the infant prodigy at the Park Theatre, and at a later date, at 
the Pearl Street Theatre in Albany. iMrs. Drew will continue to conduct the 
Arch Street Theatre, as heretofore. The complimentary benefit which was being 
arranged for Mr. Drew, will be gotten up for his widow. John Drew was married 
to Mrs. Mossop, formerly Mrs. Hunt, in 1850, in Albany. This engagement 
was no doubt the luckiest one John ever made, for on that instant he could com- 

Hist. Coll a. 7 



50 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

the best comedians of the age. Mrs. Drew is now performing at the 
Arch Street Theatre, and is a great favorite, and an unequaled general 
actress. 

John Green, who recently died in Nashville, Tenn., was born in Phila- 
delphia in 1795, of Irish parents, was a printer, and learned his trade in 
Shippen, near Fifth street. Old Jack was one of the pioneer actors of 
the west. His personation of Irish characters could not be excelled, 
and this was the opinion of the critics of the day. His wife was a 
talented actress, and a most amiable and accomplished lady. She was 
subject to deafness, which annoyed her much on the stage, as she could 
hear but very indistinctly the words of the actors. Mrs. Green was the 
original Lady Randolph to Forrest's Young Norval. John Green was a 
good hearted man, and was the worst enemy to himself. He was a mem- 
ber of the American Dramatic Company for a number of years. He has 
a daughter living in Philadelphia. Edwin Forrest and John Green were 
warm personal friends from earliest boyhood. The last I saw of John 
Hamilton, who killed Mr. Duffy, was in Louisville, Ky., twenty-three years 
since. He was subject to fits of insanity — duiing their paroxysms he 
would rave like a manacled maniac, his friends holding him with all their 
strength. He imagined the form of Duffy was gazing upon hija in a sup- 
plicating manner, and fiends, with serpents entwined around their heads, 
were about to convey him to hell ! These scenes were truly horrifying 
to all persons present. Hamilton married old Dyke's daughter, a stroll- 
ing manager of the west. She was quite young, the widow of an actor 
by the name of Robinson. Hamilton died in one of his ravings, in an 
obscure village, I think, in Tennessee. Hamilton was also a printer, and 
worked in various offices in Albany. He would sub it during the day, and 
play at the theatre at night. He generally played second old men, as- 
sisted in choruses, and was what is termed a general utility man. 

mand an engagement at any theatre in tlie country, such was the popularity of 
this versatile, charming and accomplished actress, who, we venture to assert 
without fear of conlradiction, had not then an equal in this or any other country — 
and it is doubtful whether she now has an equal as a general actress. Mrs. 
Drew was for a long time the "bright particular star" and universal favorite, at 
Harry ^leech's Museum. 

John Proctor, the prompter, well known in Albany, in the South Peai-1 Street 
Theatre, was one of tiie massacred at the battle of Williamsburgh. lie, as well as 
his companions in arms, begged for quarters, but in vain. 'Ihe rebels tired eight 
bullets through the body of poor Proctor, and beat his brains out! He was 
buried from his I'esidcnce in Piiiladelphia. The Williamsburgh just mentioned is 
the place where the first theatrical representation by a regular company of come- 
dies took place in America. This was Hallam's company. The first piece played 
was tlie Merchant of Vcnica, in 1752. During the revolution they occasionally 
played at Piiiladelphia, and in Nassau street, New York. 

Tlie Drew family, which has become well known to the public on account of 
the talent possessed by its members, and which has been chiefly directed to the 
profession of the stage, has experienced a sad mortality among its male members. 
Mr. .)ohn Drew died on the 21st of i\Iay. His brother, Edward Drew, captain in 
Berdan's regiment of sharpshooters, Avas killed on the 22d of July before Rich- 
mond, while gallantly leading his men in battle. A third brother, Gtorge Drew, 
died on the 17th of August at Fortress iMonroe, of typiioid fever, incurred while 
on duty with the Forty-Ninth New York. Of four brothers who were alive four 
months ago, the only survivor and only male representative of the family is Mr. 
Frank, at present filling an engagement at the St. Louis Theatre. — Troy Times. 



Theatrical lieminiscences. 51 

John Leslie was scene painter for DufFj & Forrest. He was also at 
the North Pearl Street Circus, with an Italian scene painter named 
Aperasso, an excellent artist. He painted the scenes for Parsons's Thea- 
tre, in Orange street, near the river, while the new building was being 
erected. Aperasso was a genius in his way. He was tall, Don Quixotte 
looking, and very absent minded. He received several severe falls while 
decorating the dome. He was determined to make himself safe, after 
that, if ropes could aid him. He accordingly fastened a strong rope 
around his waist, and ascended to the scaffold in the dome. The other 
end of the rope he had fasfeued in fhej^it ! Suffice it to say, poor Ap- 
erasso came down that day in a hurry, with paints, pots and brushes. He 
never fully recovered from the effects of this fall. John Leslie is on his 
farm in Kentucky. He was a sea-faring man in his younger days, and his 
marine views were much admired. 

Frimbly played in the Pearl Street Theatre. His style of acting was 
not much admired. He stood in the position of ancient statuary — not 
an interesting exhibition at the best. He was also a great dancer — and 
especially in sailors' hornpipes was unequaled. Frimbly met an untimely 
death in New Orleans, in 18:'5 — being shot in a duel in the most 
cowardly manner, by an actor by the name of Spencer, and died in a few 
hours afterwards. Frimbly being much agitated, and his nervous system 
greatly deranged, he could scarcely hold the pistol in his hand. Spencer, 
on the other hand, was an excellent shot, cool and calculating. Frimbly 
expired in the most excruciating agony. The funeral was postponed for 
an hour, at the suggestion of old DeCamp, of the St. Charles Theatre, 
for the purpose of having an investigation by the coroner. It was clearly 
shown that Spencer fired before the time. The burial took place after 
dark, out at the swamp. There was a strong demonstration to lynch 
Spencer that night, but he escaped to Texas, and joined Fanning's party, 
and was afterwards killed by the Mexicans. Spencer was the vocalist at 
the Bowery Theatre in 1832, and made his appearance about the same 
time with Hadaway, the low comedian. They were both from England. 
The following comprised Duffy & Forrest's company, at the Pearl 
Street Theatre : John Green,' Wallace, Proctor (now starring it in 
Europe), John Herbert, lliley, John Kent, W. S. Walton, Bobby Meer, 
John Hamilton (who killed J)uffy), (Jorey, Fielding, Lansing (Lans. 
Dougherty), James, Frederick, Parkinson, Harry Knight, Harrison, Mc- 
Conachy, Master Meer, Mrs. Greene, Mrs. Meer, iMrs. DeGrouch, Miss 
Woodhull, Miss Virginia Monier, Miss Ellen Kent, Miss Eliza Kent. 

Wemyss played here, and was considered a very good light comedian 
at that day. He was an Englishman, and manager of various theatres in 
the United States. He wrote a history of the stage, full of egotism and 
nonsense. He also published a chronology of the American stage, full of 
error — for instance, he says, Ingersoll died in St. Louis. He died at 
Nashville, Tenn., of inflammation of ihe brain, on the 5th of June, 1837. 
Ingersoll was a great favorite at the Bowery, a man of amiable manners, 
good heart, and capable of aioving in the first walks of the profession. 

1 Green was at a later day stage manager for Duffy. Ilis favorite character 
was Jclin Lump, in Irishman in London, and wlien Duffy was absent that farce 
was always sure to be put on the bill. 



52 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

Scores of other gross errors occur in Wemyss's book. Wemyss died in 
New York. He was one of the officers of the American Dramatic Fund. 

Jack Collins, with his roiind, red and good natured phiz, strutted on 
the Albany boards. Jack was a good fellow and a fiiir actor. He was 
the son of Lord Dacres, with whom the Yankees contended on the broad 
Atlantic. Collins died in New Orleans. 

Henry Rockwell, a beautiful boy, from Utica, was one of Parsons's 
apprentices at the North Pearl Street Circus. i He was manager of 
various companies in the United States. He erected a theatre in Cin- 
cinnati, and at one time was quite wealthy — he failed in the business, 
and died shortly afterwards. A gentleman by the name of Jiagely, of 
Albany, was his guardian. His life was strange and romantic. It never 
was rightly known who his parents were. I will relate an incident that 
occurred some twenty-five years ago, which may be interesting. I was 
standing in company with Rockwell one cold night, on the corner of 
Camp and Poydras streets. New Orleans, in the fall of 1836. An Eng- 
lish woman approached us with two small boys, about five and seven years 
of age. She seemed weighed down with grief She asked if we knew 
of any humane person who would take her children and rear them — she 
had married a second husband, who was a Balize pilot, and she resided 
with him at the South West Pass of the Mississippi river. This spot is one 
of the most dreary. Godforsaken places I eversaw, the pilot's house being 
erected on piles and svirrounded by swamps, drift logs, alligators, &c. The 
poor mother informed us that her husband had formed an ill feeling 
towards her children, and she had come up to the city, at his request, to 
get rid of them, or never return herself Rockwell took the oldest boy. 
and a man by the name of Outlmc, a constable, took the other. It was a 
heart rending scene to see the mother and children i^art forever I Out- 
law, being a man of dissolute habits, neglected the child that was given 
to him. It died soon afterwards, I learned, of yellow fever. Rockwell 
well trained the other little fellow in the arts and mysteries of the ring, 
and he soon became a great favorite. The company commenced its tour 
through Florida and x\labama. Little John, that was the youthful rider's 
name, was taken sick — physicians pronounced it a hopeless case — the 
company was obliged to leave for other towns northward, and we were re- 
luctantly compelled to leave him, and, as we supposed, forever, in the 
hands of strangers. Many years passed, and the fate of Little John re- 
mained a mystery. I happened to be in New Orleans on another occasion. 
One night, at a masquerade ball, a rough, sea-faring man approached me 
and asked my name, and if I knew one Rockwell. He was the step- 
father of John C. He informed me that his wife had been dead many 
years. Before she died she had received a letter from her son in Ala- 
bama. This was Little John. He recovered from his sickness, and, like 

1 Mention is clue, in these reminiscences, to Henry P. Madigan, theatrical and 
circus manager, and father of Rose Madigan, the famous equestrienne, who died 
at Kingston, Jamaica, in 1863, at the age of forty-eight. Mr. ^ladigan was born 
in this city. He commenced his circus career at the North Pearl street establish- 
ment, now the North Pearl Street Methodist Church. He performed here in 18:^6, 
under manager West, with ]\Ias(er Burton, Blanchard, Herr Kline and others. 
Madigan was a most daring and graceful rider — one of the best that this country 
ever produced. 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 63 

Oliver Twist, had fallen into the hands of a good Samaritan, the daughter 
of his benefactor. Now the curtain drops on this strange dranui. The 
youthful rider I have spoken of was one of the fillibustering party under 
Lopez, who was captured and garroted at Cuba, a few years ago. 

In the orchestra of liiven's Theatre, North Pearl street — near the 
corner of Patroon, was an old Frenchman by the name of Mons. Mallet 
(pronounced Malla). This was the identical person from whose history 
Hackett, the actor, first conceived the idea of forming the play of Mons. 
3IaUet. This Frenchman was ardently attached to Napoleon, and after 
the exile of the emperor. Mallet was obliged to flee to the United States, 
leaving behind him an only and beautiful daughter. He took up his 
abode in an obscure New England village. He called daily at the post 
office for a letter from his daughter, asking for a letter for Mons. 31aUa. 
He was of course answered in the negative, the clerk seeing no such name 
as Malla (spelt Mallet). The poor Frenchman was nearly insane at 
the disappointment — -still he called at the post office daily, and received 
the usual answer of " no letter for Mons. Malla." By accident the letter 
was discovered by a person who understood French, and the old French- 
man received the joyful news of his daughter's safety. She shortly after- 
wards arrived in the United States. Mr. Hacketti was playing Mons. 
Mallet many years ago in Boston. Judge of his surprise when he was 
informed that the hero of this play was then in the orchestra ! 

I became acquainted with two young men in the southwestern country 
some twenty-two years ago. They were both Albanians, and had em- 
braced the theatrical profession. They passed through the most thrilling 
scenes I ever heard of on the stage of life. The first one's name was 
James Low. He was the low comedian at the Louisville Theatre, under 
the management of Mrs. Drake. Madame Celeste was at that time play- 
ing the French Spy. Low was playing Toney, the comic part in the 

1 Hackett pevfornied Falstaif for three successive nights at Tweddle Hall, 
Albany, in Marcli, 1864, under the announcement of his last appearance before 
retiring from the stage. The company that supported him was a very weak one, 
and there being great attractions elsewhere, among them the Army Relief Bazaar, 
(he attendance was not great. Yet Falstaflf was well represented. The following 
item was published at the time in the papers : " Mr. James H. Hackett, who was 
announced to play before the public of Albany for five nights, has retired from the 
field after having made his appeai-ance three times before audiences so small as to 
fall far short of paying expenses. Not a little comment has been excited by the fact 
that he came here to play, after having been announced upon the lecture course 
of the Young Men's Association for two successive years, and failed in both in- 
stances to keep his engagement. It might be natural to suppose that there was 
no definite arrangement as was implied by the announcement. The public ought, 
therefore, to be informed that there was a positive promise to come, and that Mr. 
Hackett has exhibited an indifference to the fulfillment of his engagements which 
is as discreditable to him as it lias been embarrassing to lecture committees. His 
flippancy in breaking engagements has only been equaled by his readiness and 
apparent sincerity in making them. Though there has been no explanation of 
this before, the public seems to have had an intuitive appreciation of the circum- 
stances of the case, as Mr. Hackett has learned to his mortification. Had he kept 
his faith, he might have had the satisfaction of appearing before an audience as 
large as Tweddle Hall will hold, but he chose another course, and, as a result, 
has ample food for reflection. Similar associations in the western cities of the 
state, which have been treated by him in the same manner, will read of his expe- 
rience here with no little interest." 



54 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

piece. In the fighting scene Touey rushes on the stage with a bayonet 
in his right hand — he pretends to be killed, and lies down as if dead — ■ 
he suddenly rises to his feet and hurries oflf the stage hachwards. In 
this manner poor Low rushed off the stage, clinching the instrument of 
his death ! His hand came in contact with one of the wings with great 
force, and ran the bayonet deep into his groin, and he staggered into the 
green room. I was near him when he expired. His last words were, 
" Mother .'" The scene was truly horrible. The contortions of the 
painted face, while in the agonies of death, can never be effaced from the 
memory of those who witnessed this melancholy sight. The performance 
proceeded notwithstanding. 

The other person was Lansing Dougherty, son of Counselor Dougherty, 
of Albany, who was attached to Duffy k Forrest's company, under the 
name of Lansing. He started with a theatrical company for Texas from 
New York, on board a schooner. The vessel, during a severe gale in the 
gulf, was capsized, with keel up, at midnight! All the passengers and 
crew were lost except Dougherty and another young man, whose name I 
have forgotten. They mtmnged to hold on to their births for two days, in 
their living tomb, there being just room enough between the decks for 
their heads to remain out of water. The sea had finally become calm, and 
they had as much light as if in a diving bell. They could distinctly see 
the sharks playing about and devouring their companions ! They re- 
solved to make one desperate dive for the companion way, and reach the 
keel of the vessel if possible. Dougherty's companion was to dive first, 
and, if successful, was to give a loud knock on the planks. He made the 
first dive, and was successful. In a few moments Dougherty heard the 
knock. He also made the fearful dive, and reached the keel of the ves- 
sel. But here fresh horrors and sufferings awaited them. For three long 
dreary days they clung to the vessel in the broiling sun, with no clothing 
but their shirts ! Their bodies became full of blisters and sores from the 
heated copper on the keel. They were finally picked up by a vessel and 
brought to New Orleans — the most miserable looking subjects the eye 
ever beheld. I obtained the account from Dougherty shortly after be 
came out of the hospital. I last saw Dougherty at Cincinnati, playing 
old men in John Young's company. 

Miss Pelby, an excellent actress, played at this theatre. She was from 
Boston, and the daughter of manager Pelby. Her mother, a very tal- 
ented lady, modeled the group of wax statuary The Trial of Christ. The 
Mestayer family are related to the Pelbys. Mrs. Mestayer and Mrs. 
Pelby are sisters. Mrs. C. Thorne — wife of Charley Thorne, the actor, 
who has just received an immense fortune from his father's estate, in New 
Yoi'k — is niece of Mrs. Pelby. The Mestayer family were all connected 
with the stage. John was a low comedian — he is dead. Lewis played 
old men. Charley is dead. His widow is Barney Williams's wife. Old 
Mestayer is dead. Harry Mestayer was connected with the circus. He 
was an excellent violin player. 

The first tight rope dancer of any note flourished in the reign of 
Charles the II. His name was Johnny Hall. Ducrow was a famous 
rope dancer and rider. Herr Cline was born in London. His brother 
Andrew, a Herculean performer, was born in Germany. Thomas, another . 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 55 

brother, was a melo-dramatic actor of the Old Franklin Theatre, New 
York. His daughter was Jerry Merrifield's' wife. 

GoflP, the man monkey, was one of Ducrow's productions. The bills of 
the day metamorphosed GofF into a Frenchman, known as Mons. Goffe. 
He was a London cockney, and came as near imitating the monkey as any 
human being could, on or off the stage. He performed in Albany. He 
came to the United States with Fletcher, the statue man. Fletcher mar- 
ried Miss Geer, of Duffy & Forrest's company. 

Edmond S. Connor is living in New York. He married Charlotte,'' 
daughter of Jack Barnes. Connor was at one time manager of the Gl'een 
Street Theatre, Albany. Old Mrs. Barnes — once a star of the first mag- 
nitude — is still living. She w^is sister to Mrs. Walstein, who played old 
women equal to Mrs. Barrett, of Gilfert's company. Mrs. Walstein was 
attached to Biven's company — the theatre being in Division street, near 
Green. 

Mr. Danfield had out flaming posters that he would give a grand exhi- 
bition of fireworks on the hill, in Washington street, near the old hay 
scales, I think, in 1824 or '25. Fireworks had been i')layed out, in a man- 
ner. Several exhibitions of that kind had been given by a Mr. Buck- 
master. iMr. B. had declared that he would astonish the Bucktails at 
one of his firey exhibitions (many years before the display intended upon 
the hill), old Buck astonished himself, as well as the doctors. He was 
foolhardy enough to fire one of the rockets with a lighted cigar held in 
his mouth. Buck retired a wiser and better man, being terribly burned. 
Danfield's exhibition was a miserable failure, from the following curious 
reason : About this time a hen's egg was found in a nest in the neigh- 
borhood of Isaac Dennison's mansion. On the egg, in bas relief letters, 
was this strange inscription : " Oh, ye sinners, repent, for the loorld tvill 
be burned on the tenth day of November !" Very few persons thought 
of amusement — the excitement ran high. There were no spiritualists 
or Millerites in those days, and, if there had been, they would have been 
thrown far in the background. Knots of sinners could be seen on the 
corners of the streets, discussing the coming event. Some folks fairly 
howled with fear and trembling. Some became as patient as lambs 
about to be led to the slaughter, and awaited the coming of the " general 
muss " with Christian resignation. A poor devil, a barber, became so 
nervous while shaving a customer, that he actually shaved one of his ears 
off! Old grandfather Tweed Dcde, of the Lancaster school (who never 
flogged the urchins), was minus of scholars for many a day. The fightino- 
youtiis of the hill and Foxes creek ceased to batter each other with'brick^ 
bats during this awful suspense. Hitetites had played out. Jim Board- 
man, who '' built stronger than the mason," and who was always on hand 
to assist the coroner in rifling the pockets of drowned persons, declared 
that the '' folks were crazy, when they might escape the conflagration by 
putting for Lower Canada." Old Penny, a demented street preacher, 

1 Jerry Merrifield was found dead in his bed at St. Louis, Au<Tust, 18G2. lie 
was well known in Albany, was an excellent comedian, and a clever fellow £>:eue- 
rally. 

2 Cbarlotte Mary Sanford Barnes, wife of Edmond Shepherd Connor, died in New 
York, April 14, 1863, after a short illness. 



56 Theatrical Reminiscences. 

pitched into the sinners right and left, and warned all hands to keep their 
eyes skinned for the fatal 10th of November ! John Winne and Lew 
Mcintosh,! typos, said "The 10th naight come and be damned. They 
had received nothing but lottery tickets for their services (the boss gave 
lottery tickets to the jours in lieu of cash). They had drawn nothing 
but blanks for six months, and had become desperate !" Johnny Felt- 
man gave them ftitherly advice, and with tears in his eyes begged them 
to "repent, and remember the little scores on his slate before the lOth." 
The affair, of course, turned out to be a decidedly had egg. The hoax was 
got up by a shoemaker, by preparing the shell of the egg with a strong acid, 
after putting on the letters. Hence this grand hubbub among the weak 
minded and credulous ! 

Old Piatt a magician, performed slight-of-hand and ventriloquism on 
public occasions in the summer. Among some of the interesting experi- 
ments performed by the professor were running pins and needles in various 
parts of his body, biting and licking a red hot poker. A collection was 
then taken up for old Piatt's benefit. He could generally be seen on 
Finkster dai/,- among the darkies, with his violin, on the hill — Pinkster 
hill — south of the Capitol. Pinkster day was a great day, a gala day, 
or rather week — for they used to keep it up a week — among the 
darkies. The dances were the original Congo dances, as danced in their 
native Africa. They had a chief, Old King Charley. The old settlers 
said Charley was a prince in his own country, and was supposed to have 
been one hundred and twenty-five years old at the time of his death! 
On these festivals old Charley was dressed in a strange and fantastical 
costume — he was nearly bare legged, wore a red military coat, trimmed 
profusely with variegated ribbons, and a small black hat with a pompoon 
stuck in the side. These dances and antics of the darkies must have 
afforded great amusement for the ancient burghers. As a general thing 
the music consisted of a sort of drum, or instrument constructed out of 
a box with sheep skin heads, upon which old Charley did most of the 
beating, accompanied by singing some queer African air. Charley gene- 
rally led off the dance, when the Sambos and Philises, juvenile and anti- 
quated, would put in the double-shuffle-heel-and-toe-breakdown, in a man- 
ner that would have thrown Master Diamond and other modern rork-omons 
somewhat in the shade. These festivals seldom failed to attract large 
crowds from the city, as well as from the rural districts, affording them a 
huge amount of unalloyed fun. Negro minstrelsy has held its own down 
to the present day, it now being in full feather, and is likely to continue 
for years to come. 

Thirty-five years ago a sort of menagerie opened in the stable opposite 
Bowlsby's Hotel, in North Market street, southwest corner of Van Tromp 
street. The lower part of the building is now occupied as a stove store, 
&c., and the upper part by several families. Bowlsby's was considered a 
first class hotel in those days, equal to Skinner's and Rockwell's, after- 
wards called the City Hotel and 3Iansion House, the sites of those two 
celebratod hotels now being occupied by those magnificent structures 
Marble Hall and Ransom's Building. Bowlsby's Hotel was previously 

'Lew died prematurely of bad habits, and was buried by tbe printers. 
2 Pinkaterdag, Whitsunday, or Penticost. 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 57 

kept by Reuben Smith, uncle to Captain Henry Smith, a brave young 
officer, aid to General Scott, in his Mexican campui<in, in which Captain 
Smith lost his life. Members of the legislature, and other dignitaries, so- 
journed at this house. But to the show — it consisted of two cub bears — 
Dandy Jack, a gloomy looking monkey, was the star — a calf with two 
heads, and a monster that was thrown upon the beach at Staten Island — 
at least so the showman informed the audience. It was drawn on four 
wheels, and was about twenty feet long — it was a sort of What is if. Its 
tale resembled that of a whale — its body was black and smooth, the 
head square, with a pair of eyes resembling two bung holes in a large 
sized hogshead. Dr. Latham was the manager. Stevens, in his travels 
in South America, speaks of finding a small ranche on the Andes, I think, 
and was greatly astonished to discover human beings living in this re- 
mote region. He hailed, in Spanish, two men, but judge of his surprise 
when he was answered in English^ by two ^/Ve Yankees, viz: Dr. Latham 
and his partner, who were trapping wild beasts ! 

This menagerie I have spoken of was destroyed by a mob at Waterloo, 
in the western part of the state. The manager had changed the critter 
to a %Dliale. The show folks besmeared it through the day with a very 
rancid kind of oil — the odor having the effect to keep the meddling au- 
dience at a respectful distance, as close examination would be fatal to the 
whale stock. A prying, meddlesome lawyer — a Yankee, of course — 
felt extremely anxious to ascertain the exact thickness of the whale's 
liide. He accordingly took out his knife, regardless of the whale-y smell, 
and cut a large hole in the side of the monster. The lawyer was com- 
pletely dumbfounded. The monster of the deep had a body made of wle- 
leather ! — his tail was the only thing that was Simon pure about his 
whaleship. The manager and his assistants carried their wardrobe, 
trunks, etc., in the whale's belly — (probably taking the idea from old 
Jonah) ! The head of the whale was portable, or comeoffahlc. Suffice 
it to say, as soon as the trick was discovered, the mob harpooned the en- 
tire show. This was sometime previous to Barnum's day, and the art of 
humbugging had not arrived at such a pitch of perfection. 

But I am wandering too far from Albany — so I will resume the remi- 
niscences of old Gotham. Charley Parsons played at the South Pearl 
Street Theatre, after Borroughs's time. Burroughs, a splendid melo- 
dramatic performer, managed for Sandford. Mrs. Hamblin, wife of Tom 
Hamblin, of the old Bowery, was the leading woman in this company. 
Parsons was an inferior actor, especially in tragedy — he was of Her- 
culean frame, round shouldered, and had a voice like artificial stage 
thunder ! He was a great favorite, however, in the southwest. He 
played Roaring Ralph Stackpole to perfection. Had Dr. Bird seen 
Ralph and Parsons he would have been puzzled to distinguish one from 
the other. It was actually worth the price of admission to see Parsons 
as Ralph, without his uttering a word. Parsons being a speculative 
genius, he left the stage and went to preaching in the Methodist church 
at Louisville, but he soon slid backwards, and finally slid on the stage again 
— but the spec wouldn't pay; he made a failure, and so Roaring Ralph 
abandoned the devil's frying pan (the stage), and was once more received 
to the arms of his deserted flock. I heard him preach the next Sunday 

IlisL Coll. a. 8 



58 Tlieatriccd Reminiscences. 

after he left the stage, but it was Roaring Ralph all through the sermon, 
the prayer, the benediction. 

A'liong the celebrities that appeared about this time at the bouth 1 earl 
Street Theatre, was (]lara Fisher, who was the prodigy of her time. She 
was the youngest sister of Mrs. Yernon. A'ernon had the management ot 
the theatre for some tijie, till he lost his voice, and retired to a farm, 
where he died. He was the architect of the first St. Paul's Church, in 
Ftrry street. The sonss that came upon the st:i :e at this time were the 
Hunters of Kenfuck///WhaUbe King but CJiarki/, The Dashing White 
Senjeant, sung by Miss Twibill ; Coming thro' the Rye, sung by Mrs. 
Forbes. Sloman introduced Kitty Clover, and other popular comicalities. 
Miss Fisher sang with much effect Fall not in Love, dear Girls heioare. 
The songs soon wore out, and those who sung them had as brief a career. 
The fate^f Duffy, one of the last managers of this theatre, is not forgotten. 
He was a native of Albany, eminent in his profession, but died by the 
hands of an assassin at the early age of 34. 

Miss Twibill, a beautiful girl, who played at the Pearl Street Theatre, 
was the daughter of Twibill^ an actor and vocalist, who was unequaled in 
nautical songs, such as the i>\/^ o/i?isc«y, The Waterman, Harry Bluff, 
&c. It was said that Twibill treated his daughter very cruelly at times. 
During one ofTwibill's fits of anger, the gallant Tom Flynn, comedian, in- 
terfere'd with her heart, hand and fortune, and one day made the pretty 
and fascinating Miss Twibill Mrs. Flynn. Flynn was a genius in his way. 
He was engaged to play at the Pearl Street Theatre, and was to open as 
Young Rapid, in Cure for the Heart Ache. Night approached, the boat 
from New York was detained on the bar. A^ernon, I think, was substi- 
tuted for Flvnn, but at the end of the first act Flynn arrived and finished 
the play. Old Jack Barnes and his wife were playing here at the time. 
Old Jack made an apology to the audience for Flynn, in his own peculiar 
style, which was as good as a first class farce, and the performance went 
ott' with immense eclat. Roberts, an excellent comedian, played that 
night. His rendition of Bailey Nichol Jarvie, in Roh Roy, was probably 
never equaled in either hemisphere. His French, Scotch, Irish and 
Cockney dialect was smooth, natural and perfect. He was in every sense 
of the word a gentleman and a scholar, amiable, and beloved by the pro- 
fession, as well as by all who were fortunate enough to become acquainted 
with him. Roberts succeeded Gates at the Bowery. He died in Charles- 
ton. Roberts was a printer, and an excellent one, too. 

Speaking of Tom Flynn reminds me of an incident of some import- 
ance. Tom broke the nose of the celebrated tragedian Lucius Junius 
Booth, with a fire poker or tongs, at a hotel, I think, in Charleston, S. 
C., which was the cause of that very marked nasal sound in Booth's ut- 
terance. Previous to this unfortunate mishap Booth's face was very 
handsome — a perfect model — his nose was prominent, but not too much 
so, and a little inclined to acquiline. His face, as all who ever saw it 
well remember, was strangely beautiful, and remarkably expressive. His 
eyes were of a dark blue, full, rolling, and as bright and piercing as the 
eagle's. Booth had one great failing, that of indulging too freely in the 
bowl — that is, at times — he would abstain from it for weeks, even 
months. Liquor would frequently produce upon him a state of frenzy 
that was sometimes terrible, and when these fits were on, he would as 




A. J. ALLEN, 



In a lavoiite character. 



Tlieatrical Reminiscences. 59 

soon attack friend as foe. Even when Booth was himself in his palmiest 
days, so deeply would he be engrossed in the character he represented, 
and be so completely carried away with it, that his brother actors were 
rather shy of him, being well on their guard, lest he should play real 
tragedy with them. While Booth was playing Kichard at the old Park 
Theatre, he chased, with sword in hand, an actor, who played Richmond, 
out of the back door of the theatre, into the park. Richmond, however, 
being the swiftest on foot, eluded him. Booth came very near killing 
Miss Johnson (afterwards Mrs. Hilson), at the Park Theatre. He was 
playing Othello, she Desdeniona. In the scene where Othello is sup- 
posed to smother Desdemona, by placing a pillow over her face, while she 
is in bed. Booth bore down the pillow with such force as nearly to suffo- 
cate her. The actors behind the scenes, however, fearing he was carrying 
the joke too far, or acting a little too natural, rushed to the bed and ex- 
tricated the fair Desdemona from her perilous situation 

But to return to the breaking of Booth's nose. Booth and Flynn, it 
appears, roomed together. In the course of the night, when in one of 
his fits, Booth attacked Flynn, having just returned from the theatre with 
the dress of lago on, exclaiming, as he approached him, in the language 
of lago : 

" Nothing can or shall content my soul 
'Till I am even with him, wife for wife; 
Or failing so, yet that I have put the Moor 
At least into a jealousy so strong, 
That judgment cannot cure." 

Flynn, in self-defence, grabbed the fire poker or tongs and struck Booth 
over the nose, breaking it ! Flynn ever regretted the act, and would 
actually shed tears whenever allusion was made to the affair, as he abso- 
lutely idolized Booth. 

Andrew Jackson Allen was Avell known to the citizens of Albany, from 
the days of the old Green Street Theatre until his final exit from life's 
bu.sy stage. He was born in the city of New York, A. D. 1788. Al- 
len's deafness was occasioned by a severe cold at sea. Dummy, as he was 
familiarly called, was a costumer, but occasionally acted. His taste and 
experience as costumer rendered him au fait in getting up stage cos- 
tumes. /Vllen accompanied Forrest (Jhe Boy, as he called him), to Eu- 
rope, as costumer to the great tragedian. 

Many anecdotes are told of Allen. He was (in theatrical parlance) 
an inveterate gag. He would manage to draw a house for his benefit, 
when everybody else would ftxil. Many years ago he advertised a grand 
balloon ascension from a stable on the hill, somewhere in Washington 
street. Two distinguished personages were to be the asronauts, viz : 
Mons. Gageremo and Madamoiselle Pmsiremo ; this announcement of 
course drew a crowd. The balloonists were two torn cats, dressed in the 
height of fashion, strapped tight under the balloon. On all such occa- 
sions Dummy got the proceeds of the exhibition first safe in his breeches 
pocket ! The aeronauts ascended a short distance, and then came down 
to mother earth, landing somewhere in Foxes creek, minus of life ! His 
benefit took place at the Pearl Street Theatre, during Vernon's manage- 
ment. Dummy produced a grand Harlequin pantomime, he acting clown, 
for this night only, at the request of the F. F. A.'s (first families of Al- 



60 Tlieatrical Reminiscences. 

bany). At the conclusion of the grand pantomime a balloon was to 
jiscend from the back of the stage to the dome of the theatre, and then it 
was to mske a " brilliant burst." The balloon was filled with lottery 
tickets, and the audience were to draw "several valuable prizes," made of 
silver leather — (Dummy being great on the manufacture of this article) 

— invented by the beneficiare, Andrew Jackson Allen. A miniature 
balloon was hauled up with a string after the alnresaid excruciating pan- 
tomime was concluded. Some person stationed above, at a given cue, 
emptied a bag of folded bits of paper upon the heads of the audience 

— all hlanks! Dummy, at this time, was at home, snugly in the arms of 
Morpheus, enjoying goliJen dreams. 

Sol. Smith, in his reminiscences, relates many anecdotes of Allen. 
Dummy was hard up, funds were low, at a small town in the valley of 
Virginia. His silver leather had become exhausted, and so he deter- 
mined to give the Virginians an invaluable treat, viz : a grand balloon 
ascension, assisted by Gageremo^ &c. A great rush of people from the 
surrounding mountains was the result. Such an exhibition had never 

been seen in those parts before, or since ! The balloon was about to 

be inflated, when Dummy, to his horror, discovered several rents in the 
paper! Presence of mind, and a tight grip upon the proceeds never for- 
sook the inventor of silver leather. Mumoiy mounted a cider barrel, and 
informed the multitude that certain chemicals had become exhausted, and 
that it was necessary for him to post off to the next village to procure 
some of those important ingredients that his gas required for the success 
of the balloon and the daring navigators. He appealed to them as " Vir- 
ginians, the noble descendants of Pocahontas, to wait one hour for his 
return. He should ever feel proud, as the fether of the American stage, 
for the kindness he had received from the most noble race America had 
ever produced," i. e., Virginians. Dummy started for the chemicals, on 
horse back, exclaiming, as he waved his hand, '' Dam Vivimus Duinnie- 
romo !" It is needless to say the father of the American stage outstrip- 
ped the far-famed Johnny Gilpin. After riding many miles he made a 
halt, and from a high mountain he had a fine view of the village he had 
recently departed from. Dummy had an impediment in his speech, and 
spoke like a person having a severe attack of influenza. In relating this 
incident, he said " It loas the dahdest fide sight he ever seed. The huhbug'd 
ad disappoidted fellows hurdt the host hagdificedt hallood ever codstructed. 
The fire shootig ?f/> to the horizod was sublibe." The father of the Ame- 
rican stage, suffice it to say, never again visited the descendants of Poca- 
hontas in that section of Virginia. 

Allen was a great admirer of General Jackson. He declared that it 
was through his (Allen's) influence that the people of the United States 
made the general president. Dummy was a great epicure. He kept 
bachelor hall, and took the world easy. He invented many fancy dishes, 
one in particular, which he called calapash, another calapee. This he 
served to his customers, at his eating house he called the Divan., in Dean 
street. The calapash was made of ancient cheese, codfish, onions, mus- 
tard, rum and wine. The calapee was the same, with the addition of 
cahhagr. Behind the bar was to be seen hanging to the wall the " iden- 
tical Ilichard's dress worn by George Frederick Cooke, the great trage- 
dian ;" but this, however, it was strongly suspected, was one of Dummy's 



Theatrwal Reminiscences. 61 

innumerable gags^ as some of his silver leather was plain to be seen sewed 
to the dress ! Mr. Durang tells numerous anecdotes of Allen iu his ad- 
mirable History of the American Stage. A characteristic anecdote of 
him, showing how he served up turtle soup for the epicures of Albany, 
may be found in the Annals of Albani/^ vol. v, p. 276. 

Dummy had a wonderful penchant for " running up a score " among 
his acquaintances. He had borrowed a sum of money from an old friend' 
in Green street, who dunned Dummy for it whenever he met him, but 
was always put off with some plausible excuse — he must " wait for his 
benefit," or for something else to " turn up," when he would certainly 
pay it. They were passing in Green street, one morning, Dummy on one 
side and his creditor on the other side; when opposite Beraent's Recess 
the creditor hailed, and beckoned Dummy to come over the street. It was 
a peculiar trait with Dummy, when dunned, io feign more than his usual 
deafness. "I say," said creditor, " Mr. Allen, can't you pay that little 
score now ?" Dummy, in the coolest and politest manner possible, re- 
plied, " Tank you, tank you, I nebber takes any ding (thing) pefore 
preakfast !" and marched on. 

Capt. Page opened a circus in Beaver street, between Green and South 
market streets, in 1829-30. John Simpson kept a billiard saloon in the 
rear of the circus. At the house of Simpson many a sparring exhibition 
took place. Jim Sandford and Bill Delong taught the manlij art at 
Simpson's. Delong is still living; he has been an officer in the fifth ward, 
Philadelphia, for niany years, and is much respected as a worthy, up- 
right man by all political parties. Delong was an excellent boxer and a 
splendidly formed man. Sandford was a small man, but as tough as Say- 
ers. Among the fancy at Simpson's was Harry Webb, a Herculean figure, 
and as finely put together as a marble statue, and heaven protect him 
that received a feir dose of Harry's bunch of fives. Then there was Harry 
Jewell, cousin of Joe, now the superintendent of the Point Breeze Course, 
Philadelphia. Uncle Joe has fallen off some in weight — from 275 pounds 
to 390 in his dancing pumps! Charley Low and Jewell set to at Samp- 
son's one night. Charley received a tremendous teller from Jewell over 
the conck. Camphor and brandy were in active demand for some minutes 
after that. 

Capt. Page's company went on a tour to Lower Canada. Here a mob 
tore his circus down, or nearly so. It was a wooden building, situated on 
McGill street, Montreal. The time worn circus play oi Billy Button^ the 
Unfortunate Tailor, was the sole cause of the riot. At this time there 
were hundreds of Irish tailors in Montreal, who imagined the production 
of Billy Button was an insult to their trade and all connected with it. 
The enraged tailors gave the fearful war cry, led on by Captain DeGrady. 
Old West had just entered the ring in the character of Billy Button, when 
showers of brickbats greeted him from all directions. The war then be- 
gan in good earnest, and was kept up for days and nights. The contend- 
ing parties, the tailors and the Billy Buttonites, contested every inch of 
ground. Button met the foe, and they were his. The tailors got awfully 
hasted by the Cannucks, who were furnished by the citizens with ammu- 
nition. Barrels of rum, with their heads knocked in, were swallowed in 
less than no time. ]jy the friends of Button these barrels were placed in 



62 Theatrical Reiimiisceiices. 

the centre of McGill street. Several persons were killed, amono; the 
number a Mr. Lyaiau, a very estimable citizen. The military were finally 
called out, and peace and quiet once more restored. Tlie circus then em- 
barked for Quebec — here the riot was renewed with redoubled fury ; but 
the military being on the alert, it was promptly put down. A number of the 
rioters were transported, and so was Billy Button transported ^ but with 

Page had a fair theatrical company with his circus. It consisted of 
Harry Knight, Wells and sister (afterwards John Sefton's wife), and 
after that Mrs. Russell, of the Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia, the great 
tragic actress. Miss Emery, George Glale (Mazeppa), Tom Grierson, Shin- 
notti, Barney Burns, Leslie, Shadgut (what a name !), John Kent and his 
sisters, Helen and Eliza, and many others. Page then opened the Thea- 
tre Pvoyal, Montreal, and went by the board. I believe this company are 
all dead, with the exception of the humble clironicler of these brief lines, i 
Page knew no such word as fail. He visited every part of the globe that 
white men have seen. He searched the jungles of the East Indies for 
show stock. He penetrated the regions of scorching Africa, searched all 
the fairs of Europe, and furnished more ivhat is it? for the American 
market in the shape of giants, red eyed negroe^;, glass spinners, and other 
sights too numerous to speak of, than any other showman. The last I saw 
of the captain was in Philadelphia, and he was far advanced in the sere 
and yellow leaf. He had just returned from South America with Aztec 
children, and was on his way to Europe. The captain was a Yankee, 
could speak several languages, was full of enterprise, had great knowledge 
of the world, but dame fortune smiled but seldom on the captain. 

1 The following appeared in one of the Albany papers in 1857: ".J. W. 
Bancker, formerly Master Bancker, of the North Pearl Street Circus, called on ua 
yesterday and posted us up in a few reminiscences. Bancker first rode in this 
city in 1823, at a circus located on the corner of Eagle and State streets. The 
North Pearl Street Circus opened in 182(3. Bancker belonged to the first com- 
pany, and rode the first horse and threw the first somerset in the house. The 
company consisted of the following persons : Mannger, Sam. Parsons ; Trea- 
surer, Edward Tucker ; Assistant Manager, Sam. McCracken ; Clown, William 
Gates; Fading Master, J. W. Bancker; Riders, Dan. Champlin, Jacob Burton, 
Edward Carter, Alexander Downie and John Shay. Miss Mary Piobinson was 
the leading melo-dramatic actress. Miss K. was a very talented woman, and 
played her parts with great power. After leaving Albany she went to England 
with Burroughs, the actor. Thi.s was in 1828. In 1830 she left Burroughs and 
London, and went to New South Wales, where, we believe, she died. Downie 
died in the West Indies. Gates attached himself to the Bowery Theatre, and 
died in New York in 1843. Champlin died in Mobile. Burton joined the army 
and died in Florida. Carter is also dead. McCracken died in Springfield, Ohio; 
he married a Miss Brown, who lived opposite the circus, in North Pearl street. 
Of the company existing in 1820 Bancker is the only one living. The North Pearl 
Street Circus was built by Sam. Parsons, and cost $22,000, horses included. It 
failed to pay in 1820, and then passed into the hands of S. J. Penniman. Mr. 
Penniman sold it to the Methodists, who have sinceusedit as a church. In 1827 
Bancker took a benefit, on which occasion E. Forrest made a bet with Freden- 
ricli, the butcher, that he would enter the ring and perform with the acrobats. 
He did so, but got awfully hissed. lie won his bet, but lost his temper for the 
next two days. Bancker liad three apprentices while in this city — Harry Madi- 
gan and George and Wni. Stone. He is at the present time agent for Sloat & 
Shephard's circus. 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 63 

Jim Bancker^ opened a circus on the same spot in Beaver street that 
Page liad occupied in 1831. This was a very guod company. Among 
the performers was a young man by the name ot" John Weaver. He was 
Herculean in appearance — he was beautifully formed, and was called the 
American Sampson. He performed some astonishing feats of strength. 
He was a native of Philadelphia, and was much respected for his amiable 
disposition and goodness of heart. He had formed an attachment for a 
young lady of Philadelphia, a marriage vow being the result between the 
lovers. Weaver was to abandon the profession forever, the next fall, and 
retire with his young and beautiful wife. The company started on its 
tour. At t!:at day, in some of the western towns, there was great diffi- 
culty at times to procure a license. There appeared to be a very bitter 
antipathy by the religious community, that such innocent amusements 
should take place in our free count ry ! — the exercise of horsemanship 
being considered demoralizing and a sin ! This was the opinion of this 
class of citizens. Many law suits were the result, but the circus non- 
suited the jNIawworms. In some instances the commonwealth contrived 
to convince the jury that these wicked shows were prompted by the devil, 
and a mist was cast before the eyes of the audience by the incantations 
of the showman. The standing on a horse, when at full speed, was 
deemed by them a base deception — and a load-intone was used to make 
the man stick to the said horse's back ! The clown was one of the devil's 
imps, etcetera; but the disciples of blue laws failed to convince the jury. 
Theatricals fared no better in some of these benighted regions. The 
company made a halt at a small village for two days. Whitchcraft and 
law breaking were charged against the unfortunate performers. Weaver 
was about to be arrested, and not wisliing to be detained; as he was on the 
eve of embarking homewards to Philadelphia, he made his escape, with 
Ihe intention of proceeding to the next county, where he could be safe, 
but the night being dark and rainy, he lost his way in the woods — be- 
coming bewildered, he was not found for two days. The weather bein"- 
cold, and Weaver thinly clad, he took a violent cold, which terminated in 
billious fever, and in a few days after he died, at Fort Niagara, and was 
buried in an old church yard, on the banks of Lake Ontario. 

John Gossin, about this time, joined Bancker's troupe, in Little York, 
Upper (Canada. John was a native of Pittsburgh, Pa. He was with 
Sam. Nichols's company, that performed in the amphitheatre in Dallius 
street, Albany. Gossin and Jack May both performed in this company, 
and were a whole team, as clowns. Nichols had a superb equestrian and 
theatrical company, and for two seasons in succession did an immense bu- 
siness, the establishment being patronized by first class people. The last 
time Forrest appeared in Albany,'^ was at the Nichols's amphitheatre, 
then under the management, I think, of Jackson — familiarly known as 
Black Jack. Josephine Clifton, the majestic Josephine, as she was called, 
played an engagement with Forrest at the same time. Scandal was busy 
with this association. In this company was also a person by the name of 
Vail. He was the successor of Weaver in feats of strength. He was a 

lAs before stated, the author himself died soon after this was written. 

2 Since the above was written Forrest ajipeared at the Academy of Music, Oct. 
31, 1864 



64 Theatrical Eeminiscefices. 

powerful man, and a native of Mansfield, Ohio. His early days were oc- 
cupied as a boatman on the western rivers. Vail had many hair-breadth 
escapes from death. He performed his feats of strength on a pole that 
supported the large pavilion. It was crowded one night in a town in In- 
diana. Vail was suspended by his knees to the pole, which was some ten 
feet from the ground — in his hands he held two anvils, and by his teeth 
he held several fifty-six pound weights. At this moment one of those feai^ful 
tornadoes that we so often hear of in the west, suddenly came up, the pa- 
vilion was blown to atoms, the seats fell with a fearful crash — the howl- 
ing of the wind and the screams of women and children were terrible — 
the pole on which Vail was suspended was broken, and he fell, with the 
great weights of iron he was grasping, head foremost to the ground. A 
number of persons were killed. Vail was picked up for dead among the 
mass of weights. He was badly injured, but survived his fearful fall. 
Vail had a fortunate escape from death during an earthquake at Mar- 
tinique, in the West Indies. The sides of the house that he occupied fell 
outwards. Vail was just in the act of leaping from one of the windows. 
He fell safely in the street, the window frame passhu] over his head avd 
shoulders! So close was he to the falling beams that his foot became 
entangled in the fldling mass, and drew his leg from the boot, as he said, 
with a patent bootjack! After this occurrence he was shipwreckeil. 
He abandoned the profession, and became very wealthy at one of the 
West India islands. Port Royal. He married a quadroon, as rich as 
Croesus, and as lovely as a sunflower. He is now located at Yankee Sta- 
tion, California, and is k-nown as Squire Vail, Justice of the Peace, &e. 

Young Calahan also amused the Albanians with his elegant and superb 
horsemanship. He was a native of the city of New York. Most of his 
days were passed in Mexico and South America. Calahan died in his 
native city — New York. 

Joe Blackburn also performed on the Beaver street lot. Blackburn 
was the clown of the American arena. He was a man of extraordinary 
ability. He possessed a good education, and figured as a poet of no ordi- 
nary pretensions. His letters from Europe were perused with much in- 
terest, and were published in the New York Spirit of the Times, and other 
popular journals of the day. Blackburn was a Baltimorean. His uncle 
left him his entire fortune; but, poor fellow, while on his way from 
New Orleans to Baltimore to inherit his wealth, he sickened and died on 
board the steamer Express Mail, near Horse Shoe Bend, and was buried 
at Memphis, Tenn., in 1841. 

The old North Pearl Street Amphitheatre began to give up the ghost about 
the year 1828. Nosey Phillips tried his hand in this place as well as at 
the South Pearl Street Theatre. Like all other projects that Nosey un- 
dertook, somebody Avas the suff"erer. Nosey was as mad a wag as we shall 
never look upon his like again. His style of financiering were plans 
only peculiar to himself. He was the sole author and inventor of many 
shrewd and curious dodges. Moses' — that was his Christian name — 
opened a theatre in Providence, K. I. — he procured an excellent com- 
pany from New York, and with the aid of Providence he pocketed quite 

iHis name stands in Scott's Albany Directory, of 1828, Kosnj. He was one of 
the children of Israel. Phillips and Barnes used to play the two dromios, and un- 
der the pencil, resembled each other exactly in features, figure, and voice. 



Theatrical Reminiscences. 65 

a sum. He owed several small scores to the inhabitants, as well as the 
actors. Nosey promised that all bills against him should be liquidated 
on Monday^ without fail. The bills of the day were issued, and the lamps 
all trimmed, and actors " all up in their parts," and sundry creditors 
awaited the important moment; but the eagle-eyed, as well as eagle-?<ose(i 
Nosey, had fled to New York with all the vochs in his fob ! Arriving in 
that city, he had no difficulty in finding an old sufferer that he owed a 
long standing bill. Nosey brought his wits to working order, knowing 
that in a few hours he would be seized for debt, and be placed in du- 
rance vile. (There was a law for imprisonment for debt in those days). 
He induced said old sufferer to sue him, which he did. Nosey ac- 
knowledged the debt, and was committed to jail. The enraged creditors 
from Rhode Island arrived only to be disappointed. Nosey was already 
caged for debt, and in a few days all excitement had subsided. Nosey 
settled the score with his lucky friend, and once more he buckled on 
his armor for fresh adventures. Cincinnati was the scene of many of 
Nosey's jokes. Here he enlivened the audience of Fog & Stickney's 
Circus by enacting the clown in a time worn scene called the Peasant's 
Frolic. Nosey was astride a beautiful black horse, telling some ste- 
reotyped Joe Millers, when all of a sudden the horse flew around the 
ring as if a sky-rocket was fast to his tail. The ring master could not 
stop him. Nosey's lungs were brought into requisition — he appealed to 
the man with the whip, at the top of his voice, " Stop him, for God's 
sake !" " A good joke," says the ring master. " Go it, Nosey." yelled 
the boys. Nosey went it loose, heels over head into the pit, striking an 
honest Jack tar in the eye with his hand. Nosey's skull cap and a small 
portion of his scalp were missing. The sailor was enraged to find his eye 
blackened. " Well," says Jack, " that fellow with a big handle on his 
mug is the damdest wust clown I ever did see." Nosey left the ring as 
soon as possible, as his tights had come down. A law suit was the result ; 
but the ring master declared it was a joke, and, besides that, he could not 
stop the horse. Nosey was accordingly non-suited. 

His grand wind-up, however, took place in New Orleans, in 1842. 
Caldwell, manager of the St. Charles Theatre, despatched an agent to New 
York with full power to engage the best talent to be found, and in par- 
ticular to engage Aaron Phillips — who was a good actor and a worthy 
man — for his prompter. Caldwell's agent being a stranger in the 
capacity of theatrical negotiator, committed a sad mistake. He wrote 
a note, directing the same to 3Ir. Fhillips, comedian. Nosey's hawk-eye 
discovered the letter, and received the contents with unspeakable joy, but 
mum was the word. He certainly ivas Mr. Phillips, comedian, and was a 
prompter. The agent never was instructed to engage any other person 
for prompter but Mr. Phillips, hence the mistake. Nosey was placed un- 
der binding articles of agreement, ivhich he signed. The other party 
agreed to give said Phillips the sum of $30 per week, and a benefit at the 
expiration of six months. What was the surprise of Caldwell, the actors, 
and everybody, when the immortal Nosey arrived in New Orleans ! Cald- 
well was in for it. Nosey was sent to Mobile, but he got all the agree- 
ment called for. 

The last days of the North Pearl Street Amphitheatre was rather an 
up hill business. Isaac 0. Davis was manager, I believe. At the grand 

Hist Coll. a. 9 



66 TJwatrical Reminiscences. 

finale, old Turnbull, father of Julia, the danseuse, produced an abolition 
drama, full of woolly-headism. I have forgotten the name of the piece. 
It was quite affecting, however ; the author himself cried in some of the 

most tender points. It had a fine run of one evening! For some 

cause or other the manager on the next evening was obliged, as he said, 
to dismiss the audience in consequence of some of the artists rebelling and 
refusing to play. While the manager was making this moving speech 
the ticket seller smelt a good sized rat, and there being just $18 due him, 
he blew out the lights in the office and vamosed with all the funds, $18, 
all in small change. The manager threw himself upon the hind indul- 
gence of the audience, and informed them that they could step to the box 
office and have the money refunded them ! The ticket seller was non est, 
and a free fight was the result. The chandelier was broken, as well as 
the manager, who made his escape through a sewer ! The scene ended 
by old John Meigs, high constable, and his posse capturing some dozen 
canaalers and two soldiers from the rendezvous. The old theatre soon 
wound up its earthly career. i Bill Lawson was engaged here about this 
time. Lawson is spoken of in Dui-ang's History of the Stage. He came to 
the United States with West, the bell ringer. Lawson was a fine looking 
man. He could neither read nor write, yet he could play the part of a 
sailor in excellent style. His Mat Mizzen was the best ever produced on 
the American stage in that day. He played Joe Steadfast equally well, 
in the Tumfihe Gate. Joe was the first victim to the cholera in the 
summer of 1832 ; he died in a wretched cellar, in Catharine street. New 
York. Near the same locality, and equally as miserable. Miss Emery, the 
great English tragic actress, died. Her acting of Bianca was a most 
thrilling picture. Her untimely end was much regretted. 

Yankee Hill (George) was a native of New England. His father was 
a teacher of music, tuned pianos, &c., in Philadelphia, for n)any years — 
he was very poor, but managed to gain a livelihood, struggling hard 
through life, and finally died. George, or Yankee Hill, was a paper 
hanger by trade, and worked for a long time in Albany. He commenced 
his career as a comic singer in Trowbridge's Museum, corner of South 
market and Hudson streets. After singing a while at the Museum, he 
appeared at the South Pearl Street Theatre, in Yankee characters. I 
think he appeared first in the musical piece of the Forest Rose. Hill was 
an inimitable flute player. He rose very rapidly in the profession, and 
was very successful both in the United States and Europe. He succeeded 
Hackett. He accumulated a handsome competency, but he could not 
bear prosperity — became an ardent devotee of Bacchus as well as of 
Venus, squandering all. He finally abandoned the stage, and studied the 
profession of dentistry. He died at Saratoga. Hill owned, at one time, 
a beautiful villa at Batavia, in western New York; his wife resided there 
while he was starring it through the United States and Europe. 

As I am speaking of Yankee characters, I will say a few words of the 
lamented Dan Marble. I think he was born in New York. He made 

1 The history of the Albany theatre, as will have been seen, is a significant his- 
tory of the conversion of play houses into churches — the only three edifice? 
erected expressly for dramatic purposes having had a very short career as such, 
and then their walls echoed with a difi"erent class of sounds. Even the wooden 
building erected by the Thespian Society, in Orchard street^, was converted into, 
a Methodist church. 



Theatrical Memmisce^ices. 67 

his first appearance at the old Chatham, in the farce of Forfuiies Frolic, 
Dan playing Robin Roughhead. He was greatly annoyed with the tooth 
ache that night — the pain of the tooth, and the first smell of the foot 
lights, the gaze of the fiddlers, and a view of the audience, caused Dan's 
knees to shake terribly. I stood by him as he stepped for the first time 
before the audience. At first he was quite bewildered. He finally fright- 
ened the tooth ache away, and played the part as well as if he had been 
an old stager. Dan was full of fun ; he told many original stories that 
would draw a laugh from the ghost of old Job Gould. He was an excel- 
lent comedian, and an immense favorite wherever he visited. He died in 
Louisville, Ky. Dan was a great wag, and loved fun, no matter in what 
manner it was dished up. His benefit was to have taken place the night 
he died. The bill read as follows : " Benefit and last appearance of Dan 
Marble. This evening will be presented Cure for the Cholera!" Poor 
Dan died of cholera on the same night. 

In the orchestra of the North Pearl Street Amphitheatre was to be seen 
and heard a remarkable personage — his name was Paddy Burns, and he 
was one of the best Kent buglers of that day. Paddy, of course, was a 
son of the Emerald Isle — he was in the British service most of his daya 
■ — his regiment was stationed opposite Fort Niagara, Canada. Paddy had 
made up his mind " solid," as he said, to Yankceize himself, as Uncle 
Sam's dominions were only on the opposite side of the Niagara river, 
some nine or ten miles below Niagara Falls. Burns was suspicioned, and 
was consequently watched very closely, so that an attempt to escape was a 
dangerous experiment; but he tried it, and succeeded. One fine morn- 
ing Paddy held an innocent confab with the sentinel, whose station was 
near the bank of the river. A few drops of the " crathur " cemented the 
bonds of friendship closer than wax — the sentinel got three sheets in 
the wind, while Paddy Burns was as sober as the pope. He managed 
to pour some of the liquor into the vigilant soldiers gun, unperceived. 
Paddy then retired from the presence of his friend, behind a rock, tied 
his bugle on his neck, and plunged in the river, and had swam a great 
distance from the shore before he was discovered. The alarm was given, 
— the sentinel's gun flashed in the pan, and Paddy arrived safe in the 
" Land of the Free, and the Home of the Brave," amid the loud huzzas 
of the spectators on the American shore, who had watched the proceed- 
ings with the most intense anxiety. Burns then mounted a high eleva- 
tion, and played Yankee Doodle and Hail Columbia in the very teeth of 
John Bull ! Paddy was liked by all who knew him. He died in Ohio. 

At the temporary building on the corner of Green and Division streets 
Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Williams played. They were both eminent perform- 
ers. Mrs. Williams, after Harry's death, married Maywood, the Scotch 
actor. There was an actor, an Englishman, who performed here — his 
name was Russell — he had no fear of strychnine — he was never seen 
sober, and he became completely acclimated to the hissing process. Rus- 
sell was famous for addressing the audience — he made apologies every 
night. Mrs. Williams was playing Jane Shore — Russel was to kneel 
over the dead body in the last scene, but being top heavy he fell with all 
his weight on the corpse of Jane Shore. This brought the dead Shore 
to her feet — Russell, as usual, attempted |an apology. Stale eggs went 
up from ten cents per dozen to $1.50. Russell made a stampede ! 



[ 68 ] 



NOTES FROM THE NEWSPAPERS. 



[The following notes were gathered almost exclusively from the Evening Journal 
for the year 1861 a^d part of 18G2, after which they were taken from all the city 
papers ]. 

1861. 

Jan. 1. New Year's day, with its smiles within doors and its sunshine 
without, its hours of festive gayety to some and mournful reflections to 
others, has come and gone ; and the newly arrived 1861 will pursue, un- 
disturbed, the routine of its predecessor, just deceased; — illustrious, 
alas ! in withering the heart's brightest hopes, by consigning to the tomb 
those of whose life we formed a part — the idolized husband, the cher- 
ished wife, the nestlings of our hearth-stones. We will not dwell on the 
sad theme. We will speak of the joyous faces and kind interchange of 
courtesies that the day brought forth. The ceremonies attending the 
inauguration of the governor and lieutenant governor, were unusually im- 
pressive. The Burgesses Corps were in attendance, with full ranks, and 
also a delegation from the Troy Citizens' Corps, and a large number of 
citizens. The governor received his friends in the executive chamber, 
and the other officers of state at their respective dwellings. Mayor 
Thacher kept up the ancient custom, by receiving calls from the city 
officials and his friends. But the most important feature of the day was 
the renewal of friendship and the interchange of social feelings among our 
citizens. The ladies, as usual, were to be found at home, and during the 
afternoon and evening "joy unconfined " held full carnival in many a 
dwelling. The young men embraced the opportunity ofi'ered in the day 
to increase the number of their female acquaintances ; and the ladies, 
doubtless, were gratified in thus increasing their catalogue of friends. — 
Evening Journal For some time efi"orts had been made by our fire- 
men to find some machine that could throw a stream of water over the 
"•ilded ball on the top of the flag stafi" on the City Hall. The steam fire 
engines of Troy were brought down, tested, and failed. Nos. 7, 8, 10, 
11 and 13 had been tried, and, although several of them threw handsome 
streams of water to nearly its height, yet they did not fully come up to 
the mark. The crowning eff'ort was made by Mountaineer Engine No. 5, 
made by Button, of Waterford. Taking the water from her suction she 
threw a handsome stream of water over the ball, so beautifully that some 
contend that the water reached a height of from ten to fifteen feet above 

the ball The Scottish national game of curling was played on the ice 

in the river yesterday. The ice was too rough to exhibit the game in its 
perfection ; but it was well played, nevertheless. Mr. James Dixon was 
the champion of the day The lumber trade for the year past was sat- 
isfactory to manufacturers and dealers. Although prices were high, they 



1861. Notes from the Newspapers. 69 

were steady, and sufficient for a fair remuneration. The supply was equal 
to the demand, though hemlock and spruce were scarce during most of the 
year, caused by the want of the usual freshet to bring down the loos cut 
last winter. The fall freshets, however, brought down enough for the 
diminished demand in the last month of the season. A large "amount of 
common pine was received from Michigan and Wisconsin, wlien only the 
better qualities are sent this way ; but nearly all has been sold, though at 
prices which rendered but a small, if any, profit to the manufacturers. 
The receipts for the year have been about ten millions of feet of boards 
and scantling more than in the previous year, and the total amount, 
301,022,600 feet, is a larger quantity than has been received at any other 
market. Albany received the past year over three hundred million feet 
of lumber, the value of which, with staves and shingles, is nearly six 
million dollars. The handling of this amount of property gave employ- 
ment to a small army of men, and the business transactions connected with 
It are among the largest in the city. Her position at the termination of the 
canals and on the Hudson river, with the ample slips and basins in the 
Lumber district, gives her unrivaled fticilities for receiving, storing, sell- 
ing and shipping the lumber annually marketed here, and she still main- 
tains her position as the largest lumber mart in the world Archibald 

Mclntyre Henderson died at Jersey City, aged 27 ; grandson of the late 
Archibald Mclntyre, of this city. 

Jan. 2. Miss Knapp resigned the charge of her Ragged school, which 
she had maintained several years with admirable self-devotion. " My re- 
ceipts at the beginning of the last year being unusually large, I immediately 
set about making those repairs and improvements which I deemed indispen- 
sible. About $560 thus passed out of my hands. Arrears of interest with 
that of the past year, amounted to about $400. Over $100 has been paid for 
assistance in the house. About $260 for groceries, &c., including all the 
corn meal, butter, rice, beans, molasses, &c., consumed in thirteen^months 
Over $100 for bread ; $60 for milk ; $1.5..S0 for gas : coal, $17.62 (the re- 
mainder being donated) ; shoes about $15. Total receipts from Dec 1st 
1859, to Jan. 2d, 1861, about $1,570. Expenses for the same period 
about $1,590. In this condition of my affairs is plainly indicated the 
closing up of my work in Albany. The failure of means is God's si^-n to 
which I have uniformly referred, as marking the period of suspension ; 'for 
the idea of debt is intolerable." It is believed that this statement brou<vht 
out the charitable citizens, and means were provided for continuint^ the 
school. ° 

Jan. 3. Mary Aloysa Coogan, wife of Lawrence Devlin, died, aged 27. 

Jan. 4. Fast day ; the banks and many stores and other places of busi- 
ness were closed. Neither house of the Legislature was in session. Ser- 
vices appropriate to the day were held in the churches James Han Ion 

died, aged 75. 

Jan 5. Samuel L. Van Vechten died, aged 27 ; only son of Rev. Jacob 
Van Vechten. 

Jan. 6. James W. Thompson died, aged 33. 

Jan. 7. The chief of police, Amos Adams, made the following report 
of the business of his department for the year ending Dec. 3f, I860 : 
Number of arrests, 4,698 ; bench warrants executed, 62 ; search warrants 
executed, 46; burglaries committed, 25; persons conveyed to and from 



70 Notes from the Newspa;pers. 1861. 

jail for examination, 818 ; subpoenas for courts and grand juries, 1,600 ; 
lost children returned to parents, 125; coroner's inquests, 45; accidents 
to persons, 87; fires, 36; persons rescued from drowning, 5; lodgers m 
station houses, 2,628 ; complaints for violating city ordinances, 225 ; sui- 
cides, 1 ; money taken from persons arrested and returned, ^3,782 

A lecture was given at Tweddle Hall by Prof. Araasa McCoy, on the Cu- 
rious and Humorous Phases in the History of Temperance, and a City 
Temperance Society organized, consisting of the following persons : 
President, Rev. Dr. I. N. Wyckoff. Vice Presidents, Rev. Dr. H. N. 
Pohlman, Rev. Dr. E. Halley, Rev. B. R. Stratton, Rev. A. D. Mayo, 
Rev. Dr. R. Palmer, Rev. Dr. E. P. Rogers, Rev. Dr E. L. Magoon, 
Erastus Corning, Gideon Hawley, Gen. Amos Pilsbury. Executive Com- 
mittee, Dr. R. P. Staats, John C. Ward, Dr. J. E. Pomfret, Rev. A. A. 
Farr, Rev. S. T. Seelye, J. C. Crocker, John G. Treadwell, Thomas 
Schuyler, Louis D. Pilsbury. Corresponding Secretary and Agent, Jacob 
T. Hazen. Recording Secretary, Wm. Headlam Jr. Treasurer, Wm. 

McElroy. Auditor, Philip Phelps There arose a mania for skating 

at this time, and everybody and his wife and sisters were laboring to ac- 
quire the art. Three skating parks were formed ; one above the patroon's 
residence, on the Watervliet turnpike, an artificial pond ; another on the 
liver at the foot of Hamilton street ; and another on the basin, above Co- 
lumbia street bridge. Hilarity prevailed. 

Jan. 8. The Rev. De Forest Porter was ordained in the Christian min- 
istry, and installed pastor of the First Universalist society of Albany, at 

the church in Green street Mrs. Catharine McCluskey died, aged 68. 

Jan. 10. William Fowler died at his residence in Broadway, aged 87. 
Mr. Fowler came to reside in Albany near seventy years since, when a 
very young man. At an early period he took a prominent position as a 
business man, and by his industry and integrity acquired a competent for- 
tune. For the last thirty years he had lived in a quiet retirement. Few 
men among us have exemplified more perfectly than he did the character 
of a good citizen and the humble and unobtrusive Christian. But it was 
in the family circle that his virtues were preeminent. As a husband and 
father he was considerate, generous, tender and afiectionate, and his me- 
mory will ever be precious to his surviving friends. 

Jan. 11. The Two-mile House, on the Schenectady turnpike, occupied 
by George Stackhouse, took fire and was entirely destroyed. The fire 
took in the upper part of the building, as the roof was first discovered to 
be in flames. A high wind prevailed at the time, and the flames spread 
so rapidly that before water could be procured the entire roof was on fire. 
During the stage coach and rail road opposition between this city and 
Utica, this tavern was the stopping place of the former for a change of 
horses after the tiresome run up Capitol hill, and was built about fifty 
years a^'O. The building belonged to Sebastian Scace. 

Jan. 13. The early risers on this Sunday morning were saluted with a 
very keen atmosphere, and upon consulting the thermometer the mercury 
was found to touch ten degrees below zero. Even as late as ten o'clock 
the weather had but slightly moderated, and then the mercury indicated 
three deorees below zero. As might have been expected, the attendance 
at the churches was slim, and in some, owing to the inability of those in 
charge to make the buildings comfortable, the congregations dismissed 



1861. Notes from the Newspa^pers. 71 

without the usual services. During the day the weather continued very 
cold, the thermometer, for the most part, remaining within a few degrees 
of zero. The branch water pipes at various points in the city were seri- 
ously affected by the cold, and at several points bursted, from which the 
water ran, overflowing the streets. The main leaks were found opposite 
the Cathedral, in Lydius street, at the corner of Broadway and Clinton 
avenue, and in Hamilton street, a short distance below Pearl street. The 
keen atmosphere penetrated even the gas pipes, and caused the gas to 
burn quite dim through the city. The Arc/us office was suddenly left in 
darkness by freezing of the pipes, and they were obliged to work by can- 
dle lights to enable them to get out their paper Monday morning. The 
wind was from the noith, although the breeze was light Agnes Eg- 
berts, widow of Henry Adams, died at Cohoes Harriet Leonard, wife 

of Thomas Olcott, died John Tripp died, aged 50. 

Jan. 14. Susan Hutchinson died, aged 38. 

Jan. 15. James Rhatiga died, aged 69. 

Jan. 16. Great snow storm — the Springfield train fourteen hours in 
getting through. 

Jan. 18. Daniel Fisher died, aged 28. 

Jan 19. The Albany Zouaves elected the following officers : Captain, 
Frederick Townsend ; 1st Lieutenant, John S. Barnes ; 2d Lieutenant, 
Cuyler Van Vechten ; 8d Lieutenant, Frank S. Pruyn ; Orderly Sergeant, 
T. W. P. Kendrick ; 2d Sergeant, James H. Goss ; 3d Sergeant, Alex. 
McRoberts; 4th Sergeant, Daniel S. Benton ; 5th Sergeant, John H. 
Russell; 1st Corporal, Wm. N. S. Saunders; 2d Corporal, Wm. C. Haw- 
ley; od Corporal, Charles Townsend; 4th Corporal, Dave H. Craver. 
They took possession of their new armory in Van Vechten Hall yester- 
day. They have a drill room, reading room, meeting room and smoking 
room, all of which will be handsomely fitted up. 

Jan. 21. This evening was held the second carnival, as it was termed, 
at the Van Rensselaer skating park, which was thus described by one who 
saw it: The park was alive on Monday night, and such a night ! Not as 
at carnival the first,'dim with falling snow, but light as a the silver palace 
of Valhalla to the dying Norseman. The moon, " sweet regent of the 
sky," was enthroned splendidly, with only a light lace veil that she let 
fall occasionally as if in mercy to the great bonfire, which, having reigned 
undisputed, the red moon of the first festival glared now from ihe snowy 
hill in the midst as if determined on angry mischief. The managers had 
added also four rows of blazing opals. I say opals, for they seemed so at 
the first glimpse of the park from the road. In fact, a fairy garden 
seemed glowing there, amidst the snowy moonlit landscape. Entering the 
park through the building (which was thronged with eager bustling life), 
the reality appeared. The opals turned into many colored lanterns alter- 
nating with tall torches. And there were the merry skaters weaving 
themselves into myriad figures ; — now into groups, now into many lines ; 
and now scattering like beads from a string. On the park, the moonlight 
and bonfire had a struggling time of it throughout, but it was kept up 
much against odds by the latter. For a considerable space around the fire 
turned the ice into a golden pavement, over which the dark figures 
glanced quite picturesquely, but the broad reaches of silver light else- 
wjiere showed that the moon was queeiv Th^re was a spectre Qii the 



72 Notes from the Newspapers. 1861. 

white mound of the bonfire, feeding the crackling flame, that would have 
looked well in a painting, and the sparks streamed ofi" upon the dark air 
like millions of fire-flies. The noble elms, too, near the mound, with their 
naked architecture, shaped like the Greek Amphora, seemed in the tinge 
of the fire as if sculptured in gold, while long vistas of red light stretch- 
ing from the mound looked each like the path of the sunset upon water. 
Still the quiet beauty of the moonlight, as before observed, was too much 
for the crimson crackler. How the moonlight gleamed over the white 
surfaces ! how it reached up into the little nooks of the banks, and all 
along the edges, blending almost insensibly with the whiteness of the 
borderino- snow ! And there the delicate beams found the blazing lamps 
and lanterns, but, melting through them, it went off" to bask upon the hill 
sides. There was one place where the moonlight found a foe. This was 
where frowned the grove of evergreens at the patroon's. If a goblin had 
stole out and had mingled with the gay company it would scarcely have 
been surprising. Although the night was not as cold as in tlie Arctic re- 
gions, still the warm touch of the bonfire on the cheek was grateful. And 
that explained why the skaters adhered so to the space immediately 
around the blaze. There, the skate irons flashed so continuously, it seemed 
as if lightning was playing along the ice. But it was still more delight- 
ful aftei- feeling the warm glow, to launch out into the cold, clear moon- 
light of the farther spaces, and whirl and dart like a swallow on the wing 
in the luxury of the pure, healthful winter air. This mania for skating 
was introduced at the Central Park in New York, and soon pervaded 
every village and city on the Hudson. A couple of citizens of Catskill 
having occasion to visit Albany, brought their skates, and went home on 
them, thirty miles. 

Jan. 22. A time ball on the Capitol was daily dropped by electricity 
emanating from the Observatory, exactly at 12 M., within the fraction of 
a second. At the same time a bell was struck in the senate and assembly 
chambers, giving correct time to the members of both houses. 

Jan. 23. James H. Conklin died, aged 32. 

Jan. 24. A heavy snow storm began in the morning, which appeared to 
have extended over a large tract of country in every direction. The rail 
road trains were all detained by the storm, the Harlem was a day behind 
time. 

Jan. 25. Valentine Goodelet died, aged 44. 

Jan. 26. John Scoon, who came to this city from Scotland in 1801, 
died at Seneca, Ontario county, aged 90. 

Jan. 27. Mrs. Lydia Pritchard died, aged 85. 

Jan. 29. Mrs. Elizabeth B. Allen died, aged 59. 

Jan. oO. Jane Barber, widow of Solomon Southwick, died, aged 89. 

Feb. 2. Henry L. Wilson died at Chicago, youngest son of John Q. 
Wilson, of this city William H. Anderson died, aged 20. 

Feb. '3. Elisabeth Herzog, wife of Peter Kampf, died, aged 21. 

Feb. 6. Bridget Tobin died. 

Feb. 7. The coldest night for many years. Mr Joel W. Andrews, 
who officiates as clerk of the weather, at 42 High street, 100 feet above 
tide water, says : At noon the standard barometer was observed down to 
a threatening position among the elements — 28.887 inches — the lowest 
point on my record during the last three years. Between noon and 1 p. 



1861. Notes from the Newspapers. 7 3 

M. it commenced rising rapidly, followed by a heavy gale of N. W. wind 
— changeable sky, dark flying clouds — air filled with billing snow — 
followed by clear sky. The gale of wind continued with violence the 
greater part of the night. The thermometer at noon stood at 88 degrees ; 
at 6 P. M. at zero; at 11 P. M. 10 below zero; at 7 A. M. on the morning of 
the 8th, 28 degrees below zero, as observed by the registering thermome- 
ter — showing a fall of 66 degrees in 19 hours, and the lowest point on 
my record since the winter of 1855, when the same thermometer, in the 
same position, marked 27 degrees below zero. The barometer rose about 
la inches during the same time — reduced to the freezing point and tide 
water level James E. Marble died at Nassau, Bahama islands. 

Feb. 9. Besides the Van Kensselaer skating park, there was the Central 
skating park and the Tompkins skating park. The latter had a carnival 
on this evening, and it was said in the papers that there were not less 
than three thousand people, male and female, on the park, and double 
that number of spectators on the dock and pier. It was a splendid affair, 
and a success in every point of view. The illumination, consisting of 
myriads of variagated Chinese lanterns, lamps, rail road reflectors, and 
bonfires, extending around the entire park, was admirably arranged, and 
produced a fairy like scene. Fort Sumter and Gen. Scott's headquarters 
presented a very imposing appearance, being elaborately and tastefully 
decorated with flags and illuminated with variegated lamps. The brigade 
band discoursed excellent music, and the skaters, as well as the thousands 
of lookers-on that thronged the pier, enjoyed the scene in the best possi- 
ble manner. The principal manager, George M. Griff'en, and those under 
him, are certainly entitled to great credit for the liberality displayed, as 
well as for the admirable order which they labored to preserve. The fire 
works were of the most brilliant character, and were the attractive 

feature of the evening's entertainment On Saturday our respected 

and venerable citizen, .Jacob H. Ten Eyck, celebrated, at his mansion, 
is eightieth birthday. The dinner is said to have been the most 
sumptuous, for a private affair, and the accompaniments the richest and 
most rare that were probably ever served up in old Gotham. The party 
consisted of twenty-four of Mr. Ten Eyck's relatives — there being none 
others present, except the Kev. Dr. Rogers, of the two steepled church, 
and his lady. The remarks made on the occasion by Mr. Rogers are 
said to have been truly eloquent, pathetic, appropriate — causing the un- 
bidden tear to flow from more eyes than one. Notwithstanding Mr. Ten 
Eyck's advanced age, to see him in the bank — he being at this time 
president of the Bank of Albany — or to see him moving about the 
streets, few, if any, acquainted with him, would take him to be over fifty, 
so elastic and firm in his step, so vigorous and healthy in his general ap- 
pearance. Time has indeed dealt gently with him, having only sprinkled 
silver grey tell tales on his head. As he belongs to the pure old Dutch 
stock, it is not impossible that he may yet count a century. — Express. 

Feb. 11. The mild weather of Sunday and Monday caused a rapid de- 
composition of the snow, both in the city and the country, and a sudden 
rising of the mill streams in this vicinity. Last evening a drizzling rain 
storm set in, and during the night and this morning a considerable quan- 
tity of water fell. The thaw and the rain alarmed the occupants of ware- 
houses in the vicinity of the river, and fearing an inundation those on the 

Hist, Coll a. 10 



74 Notes frcmi the Newspapers. 1861. 

pier and dock commenced this morning to prepare for high water. La- 
borers were engaged all the morning in removing property from the first 
floor, which consisted of flour. 

Feb. 12. Eveline S., wife of Charles S. Harvey, died, aged 27. 

Feb. 13. The worst fears entertained yesterday by the produce dealers 
and those interested in the navigation of the river ;and canals were real- 
ized. During last evening information was received that the Mohawk 
river had broken up, and that it was rushing into the Hudson with fear- 
ful rapidity. Later intelligence was brought that the river was rising 
rapidly at Troy, that the docks there were submerged, and that the water 
was rising at a fearful rate. About midnight it was ascertained that the 
ice had moved at Troy, but was again stopped ; that this stoppage had 
thrown the water back, and that the river was rising there at the rate of 
from four to six feet an hour. Although the ice in front of our city was 
known to be very thick and strong, yet experienced river men knew that 
it could not long hold out against such a pressure as that which was con-. 
ceutrating against it above, and that it would soon yield. Early this 
morning the ice again started ofl' in the vicinity of Troy, and, coming 
down, banked up just above Bath, forming an immense dam, which ex- 
tended from shore to shore, and over the island in front of the Lumber 
district. For several hours the barrier withstood the pressure from 
above — the river at that point being several feet higher than it was at 
Bath, the water finding a vent through some narrow passes of the land. 
About ten minutes past 8 o'clock this morning the barrier yielded with a 
terrible crash, and passed down the river. When opposite the Boston 
depot it was stopped by the ice which had during the winter formed a 
roadway to the rail road depots. This stoppage caused the water to rush 
through the cut opposite Maiden lane, and over the upper pier, with such 
force as to carry all the craft in the middle basin with it, destroying boats 
and bridges, thus causing the loss of an immense amount of property. 
The barrier opposite to the city, however, speedily yielded to the press- 
ure, which alone saved the storehouses on the pier from being demo- 
lished, for experienced river men assert that at that time had the water 
been one foot higher no power on earth could have prevented the moving 
of the steam tugs, barges and canal boats down the river. They would 
have necessarily come in collision with the buildings on the pier, which 
could not have resisted the pressure of the ice and water. In less than 
one hour after the ice commenced moving above Bath, the water rose six 
feet at the foot of Maiden lane, and was still rising at a fearful and rapid 
rate. The ice had not gone through far, for at 10 o'clock a barrier was 
formed at Jolly island, a mile below the city ; but the water had found 
an outlet behind the island, in front of the Abbey, thence along the dyke 
near Van Wie's point, and on the opposite shore through the Schodac 
creek. Below Van Wie's point, and to the Nine-mile tree, the ice in the 
river was very thick, and the principal barriers to river navigation are be- 
tween these places. The river fluctuated considerably during the morn- 
ino-, rising and falling several feet in a short space of time. About 11 
o'clock the water was within four feet of the memorable freshet of 1857. 
The basin, between the Columbia and Hamilton street bridges, had been, 
during the winter, completely filled up with river craft, most of which 
had ur^dergone repairs and were in readiness for the opening of spring 



1861. Notes from the NeiDsjxipei's. 75 

business. Soon after the ice moved, and the fearful crash had subsided, 
the steamers, barges and boats presented a deplorable looking sight, jam- 
med into each other and carried upon the dock and the abutments of the 
bridges. It appears that by the rush of water and ice through the cut, 
the vessels were carried against the State street bridge, when the super- 
structures of the bridge gave way. This caused the vessels from above 
to break from their moorings, and a general crash ensued. Two of the 
spans of the Columbia street bridge were carried off. The entire carriage 
way of the State street and a portion of the Hamilton street bridges were 
destroyed. The former had just been repaired at an expense of 812,000, 
and was a total wreck. The steam-tug L. D. Collins was carried upon 
one of the abutments of the State street bridge, where she lay in immi- 
nent danger of being broken in two. Payne's mud machine and three or 
four canal boats were also forced upon the abutments. Two steam-tuo-s 
were in the basin, the Austin and Ohio, and were whirled around at a 
frightful rate during the crash. Four barges were forced upon the dock, 
and two of them into the sheds recently erected by the Central rail road 
between Columbia street and Maiden lane. Between Maiden lane and 
State street four canal boats were on the dock, one of which was forced 
against the brick warehouse on the corner of Exchange street with such 
violence as to carry away a portion of the southeast corner of the building, 
in which there was stored a large amount of property. The stem of the 
Hudson river rail road ferry boat was knocked off to the water's edge. 
Between State and Hamilton streets there were forced upon the dock 
B'lcClure's floating elevator, the steam-tug Wm. H. Taylor, the barge 
Mayflower, and two canal boats. The Bath ferry house, a frame building, 
was carried down the river soon after the ice started off". The entire 
lower part of the city was inundated, and, in fact, all along the line of the 
river the warehouses could only be reached in boats, as the docks were 
submerged to the depth of from four to six feet. The basements of 
buildings in South Broadway, and even those on some portions of Liberty 
street, were inundated. South Broadway was navigable for skiffs and 
yawl boats from Hudson street to below the Steam boat lauding, and the 
dock was in navigable order for first class steamers. The Central rail road 
passenger depot could only be reached by means of boats, from the side- 
walk on Maiden lane alongside of Stanwis Hall In fact, there was 
scarcely a building east of Broadway but which was inundated, and there 
were very many on that line of street in the same condition. The State 
street bridge was a complete wreck. From the top of the Exchange 
building the scene was awfully grand. For miles around the hills looked 
black — scarcely a particle of snow remaining upon them. From them 
were rushing streams of water foaming down the ravines into the Hudson. 
The ice was passiug down the river at a rapid rate, opposite to the city, 
and damming up near the dykes. The vessels in the basin lay in a con- 
fused condition, while those stranded on the bridge appeared as if they 
were about making a plunge, or breaking in two. The panorama presented 
to the eye was magnificent. But a few minutes before the breaking up 
of the river, a party, consisting of some six or eight persons, left the Bos- 
ton depot for this city. They reached the pier, when they separated ; 
four of them ran and barely got over the State street bridge before it was 
swept from its foundation, while the other two started down the pier for 



76 Notes fr<ym tlie Nevusj^apers. 1861 

the Hamilton street bridge. Just as tliey reached this bridge the crash 
commenced, and almost in an instant they were surrounded by water 
which swept over the bridge. Finding themselves hemmed in, they 
rushed upon the ice which had been used as a skating park (Tompkins), 
and on it they were conveyed down the river. The ice being very strong, 
and the current towards the western shore, they ran against the South 
Ferry slip and were rescued. A man in the employ of the Boston rail 
road was on the ice which started, and was not since heard of. Abra- 
ham I. LaGrange died, aged 64. 

Feb. 14. Elizabeth Van Rensselaer, daughter of Eensselaer Westerlo, 
died in New York. 

Feb. 15. Silas B. Hamilton died, aged 68. He came to this city iu 
1848, as the agent of several of the strongest eastern insurance compa- 
nies. He at once secured a large business, and was recognized as one of 
our most upright and honorable citizens. He represented, for several 
years, the Fifth ward in the board of supervisors, and was always active 
and influential in public affairs. He took a leading part in the organiza- 
tion of the Commercial Insurance Company, and was its president. He 
had been ill for some months, and he died as he lived — an upright, con- 
scientious Christian, leaving behind him a family who loved him for his 
gentleness and virtues. 

Feb. 16. The ice barrier just below the city still maintained its position, 
although the weather was mild and the atmosphere clear. The sluggish 
movement of the water was a source of vexation and great annoyance to 
the occupants of warehouses on the quay and pier. From about 5 
o'clock last evening until nearly noon to-day the river had receded only 
about six inches, leaving a depth of four and a half feet of water still on 

the first floors in the houses on the dock and pier James Wolft" died, 

aged 16. 

Feb. 18. President Lincoln arrived in the city by the Central rail road 
train. The train reached West Albany at 2:20, which was the signal for 
a salute of twenty-one guns, by Arch. Young, from the Observatory 
grounds, and which occupied the time taken by the train to reach and 
pass the point from which the salute was fired. On reaching the Broad- 
way crossing the train was stopped, and the president was received by the 
common council, headed by the mayor, by the 25th regiment, and a large 
crowd of citizens. The mayor welcomed him in an address, which was 
responded to by the president. He visited the legislature, and was the 
guest of the governor. In the evening Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln had a citi- 
zens' reception at the Delavan House. The party left the city the next 
morning at half-past 7 o'clock, by the Hudson river rail road, escorted to 

the cars by the Burgesses' corps, and a concourse of citizens The 

river continued to recede but very 'gradually. From noon Saturday until 
about the same hour to-day the water had fallen only about eighteen 
inches, still leaving a depth of two and a half feet on the first floors of the 
warehouses on the pier. The ice in front of the city yesterday moved 
quite a distance, but the movement was only in the centre, the shore ice 
remaining perfectly stationary. This doubtless was caused by the wearing 
away of the ice at the dam, which was replaced by others. l)uring Satur- 
day night we were visited by a rain storm, which finally changed into 
snow. The streets were in a very disagreeable condition yesterday, and 



1861. Notes from the Neicsijapers. 77 

the atmosphere raw and chilly John M. Bradford died at Chicago. 

He was a son of the late Rev. Dr. Bradford, of this city. He studied his 
profession in Albany, and was for many years in the practice of law at 
Geneva, where he established a reputation for talents and integrity, and 
where he was greatly esteemed. He had been for two years in declining 
health, and died suddenly from a fusion of water in the chest. 

Feb. 20. There was still a foot in depth of water upon the floors of the 
stores on the pier. The water was falliug only about six inches in twenty- 
four hours. The crossing on the ice was attended with great risk of life. 

Feb. 21. John Skinkkle died, aged 91 Mary A. Walker, wife of 

Warren S. Low, died, aged 53. 

Feb. 22. The anniversary of the birthday of Washington was cele- 
brated by a parade of the military and firemen ; and in the evening the 

rooms of the Burgesses' Corps were opened for a public reception 

Andrew A. Carriston died, aged 30 Annie M. Smith, wife of Jona- 
than Brownell, died, aged 27. 

Feb. 23. Margaret Dillon died, aged 15 Mary, wife of Amos Starr, 

died. 

Feb. 24. William H. Wayne died, aged 31. 

Feb. 27. Joseph Donnelly died, aged 27. 

Feb. 28. For two weeks the traveling public had been greatly annoyed 
by the breaking up of the river, by which the ice was wedged in opposite 
to this city in such a manner as to render crossing over it quite hazard- 
ous if not utterly impossible. This, together with the swollen condition 
of the river, compelled those going east or south by railway to travel 
twelve miles out of their v/ay by going to Troy. Happily this annoyance 
no longer existed, for there was now an unobstructed water communication 
between this city and the eastern shores of the Hudson river. At an 
early hour this morning the ice in the river opposite to this city com- 
menced moving slowly but steadily, and before 7 o'clock the Bath steam 
ferry boat got up steam and was running. As the line of the Hudson 
river rail road runs through that village, and within a few feet of the 
ferry landing, passengers were speedily transferred from the boat to the 
cars. The ferry boat has since, and during the entire morning, been ply- 
ing regularly between this city and Bath. The weather was mild, the 
ice moving away rapidly, and a great number of men in the employ of 
the rail roads were assisting nature in her efforts. 

March 2. Henry Rowland died, aged 66. 

March 3. Charlotte A. Hall died, aged 30. 

March 4. The ice barrier below the city maintained its position. The 
water receded rapidly on Saturday, and the weather being mild on Sun- 
day the water last evening was some distance below the carriage way on 
the quay. During the night a reaction occurred, and this morning the 
quay and pier were partially inundated. It was doubtless caused in part 
by the rain which fell during the night. During the morning the river 
continued to rise, and at noon the water was within a few inches of 
reaching the first floor of the warehouses on the pier. The westerly 
winds will doubtless tend to drive it dawn, and our merchants may not 

again be put to the inconvenience of another prolonged freshet Owen 

T. Gates died, aged 56. 

March 5. The docks and pier were about three feet under water ; the 



7 8 Notes from the Neivspajjers. 1861. 

atmosphere being quite cool, checked the inundation begun the day be- 
fore The Scotch Presbyterian Church, corner of Chapel and Canal 

streets, was sold and converted into a stable, the congregation having re- 
moved to their new church in Lancaster street Othniel W. Edson 

died, aged 43 Patrick McDonough died, aged 40. 

March 6. The steam boat Hero, Captain Ilancox, arrived from New 

York at 8 o'clock in the morning, the firstboat of the season Cornelia 

E. Swartwout died, aged 16. 

March 7. The slight fall of snow yesterday afternoon was followed by 
heavy winds from the northwest, which continued throughout the night, 
the atmosphere steadily increasing in severity. This morning the ther- 
mometer marked zero, and the cold blast had a freezing effect on animate 
and inanimate nature. The steamer New World reached here about 9 
o'clock this morning, having left New York last evening. Captain St. 
John reported the passage up as one of the most disagreeable he had ever 
encountered on the river. The wind blew almost a hurricane, and the 
extreme coldness of the atmosphere not only strengthened the old, but 
formed new and dangerous ice to cut through. The river in front of this 
city was this morning covered with new ice of greater solidity than that 
formed upon the close of navigation last fall, and experienced boatmen were 
of the opinion that twenty-four hours of just such weather as was ex- 
perienced last night will be sufficient to close the river. Throughout the 
morning the atmosphere was very keen, and our streets presented a de- 
serted appearance. Such weather might be expected in January, but is 

not generally looked for in March Isabella Hinkley gave a concert 

on her return from Europe, which filled Tweddle Hall Anna, widow 

of John Eamsey, died, aged 8G. 

March 8. Elizabeth R. Kelderhouse, wife of Augustus Vaduey, died, 
aged 25. 

March 11. Sarah Ann, wife of John W. Chase, died, aged 47. 

March 12. Bridget Holland, wife of John Maloney, died, aged 32. 

March 13. Hannah Jane, wife of John Lee, died, aged 54. 

March 14. Mrs. Mary Cottrell died, aged 77. 

March 15. Snow fell to the depth of several inches last night, and this 
morning the ground was covered as with a whitened sheet. The atmo- 
sphere was cold, and out of the rays of the sun the snow did not melt. 

March 18. It was intensely cold last night, the wind at times blowing 
almost a gale from the northwest. This morning the thermometer ranged 
in the neighborhood of zero. The river was covered with anchor ice, al- 
though not sufficient to obstruct navigation. 

March 19. The temperature ranged from five to seven degrees above 
zero, and ice formed rapidly in the river, seriously threatening navigation. 

March 20. Navigation was temporarily suspended. The river was 
covered with heavy floating ice, which was extremely dangerous. The 
steam boat New World left last evening, but none reached us from be- 
low. The ferry boats continued to run regularly. During the night the 
thermometer ranged in the neighborhood of ten above zero, and ice formed 
very rapidly. At noon the temperature had ascended to 27. 

March 21. Snow fell during the morning, and the river was closed by 
ice for many miles below. The weather continued wintcrish in tempera- 
ture Mrs. Ellen Dwyerdied, aged Gl. 



1861. Notes frcnn the Newspajpers. 79 

March 22. For several days past the atmosphere was as keen and pene- 
trating as any experienced during the winter. Fierce winds from the 
north prevailed, which at times resembled hurricanes. At their lull early 
yesterday morning asnow storm set in, which lasted throughout the day, 
the white flakes coming down thicker and ftister as evening approached! 
About sunset a stiif breeze from the west came over the hills, which at 
twilight had increased in violence and grew more severe as night ap- 
proached. A perfect tornado appeared to rage at times, carrying the 
snow from the house tops into the streets, forming snow drifts that were 
very heavy. Throughout the night snow continued to fall, and the wind 
at the same time kept up a terrible howling, making it the most severe 
and disagreeable night ever experienced by the patrolman. It has been 
by far the mast severe storm of the season — snow fell to the depth of 
full twelve inches, with a very keen atmosphere and high penetrating 
winds. During the height of the storm, about 7 o'clock last evening, an 
alarm of fire was sounded ] but the contradictory peal of the bells caused 
the firemen to become wild with excitement. The bells alternately sounded 
the third and the fourth district, while there would be one bell which 
pealed out an uncertain district — the first, third or fourth. The firemen 
ran in all directions, but none of them were able to find a fire. The cause 
of the alarm, as near as we can ascertain, was the burning of a chimney 
on Willett street. While the storm was raging with unabated fury, an- 
other alarm of fire was sounded about 3 o'clock this morning. It was 
caused by the firing of three two story frame dwellings on Mo'i-ton street, 
near Eagle, that were unoccupied. They belonged to^Reuben 11. Thomp- 
son, and were entirely destroyed. They must have been set on fire, as 
there had been no use for fire in them for several months. With the 
break of day the storm abated, the wind ceased blowing, and before sun- 
rise the sky became clearer and the snow was not seen in the air. The 
streets this morning were covered with snow to the depth of several 
inches, and the air still being cold it wasted away very slowly. The storm 
must have extended over a large section of country, for the rail road 
trains due here last evening were all kept behind. The Central sufi'ered 
the least detention, for the train due at 9:30 p. M. was only an hour be- 
hind. The trains on this road to-day were all run up to time. The 
Hudson river train due here at 10:45 P. M., was reported as having left 
Tivoli at 10 o'clock this morning, and reached East Albany at noon to'-day. 
The express train which left New York at 7 o'clock this morning was re- 
ported at Yonkers at 8 o'clock, showing conclusively a heavy road and 
slow rail road traveling. Although there is less floating ice in the river 
in front of the city than there was yesterday, yet from Castlcton down a 
distance of full forty miles the ice is formidable, and in some places sta- 
tionary. The severe snow storm of yesterday, and the extreme cold 
weather of the past three days, formed a barrier. 

^ March 24. The south wind of the previous day broke up the ice bar- 
rier which had formed at Castleton, and the steam boat Vanderbilt arrived 
this day, opening navigation again Hannah, widow of Josiah Sher- 
man, died at Naugatuck, Conn., aged 83 Charles H. Philleo died at 

Red Wing, Minnesota, aged 23. 

March 25. The atmosphere was unclouded, and the sun invigorating; 
po ice perceptible in the river Dollie Dutton, 10 vears old, 29 inches 



80 Notes from the Neimj^a'pers. 1861= 

high, and weighing 15 pounds, the tiniest hviman being ever seen, was 

exhibited at Tweddle Hall. Orville Luther Holley died after a short 

illness, at the age of 70. Mr. Holley was born in Salisbury, Conn., May 
19, 1791 ; the eighth child of a family of nine, all of whom he survived. 
Among his brothers were the well known Hon. Myron Holley and Rev. 
Horace Holley, of Hollis Street Church, Boston, afterwards president of 
Transylvania University, Kentucky. Few among the eminent families of 
Connecticut can present a more favorable array of genius, culture and 
moral worth than his own. Mr. Holley was a graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege, and during several years of his early life was employed in the lite- 
rary pursuits so congenial to his nature. He removed to the state of New 
York, and studied law while yet a young man, and practised his profes- 
sion successively at Hudson, Canandaigua,- and the city of- New York, 
His tastes led him at an early period of his career to journalism, and he 
was successively editor of an Anti-Masonic Magazine., published in New 
York, the Troi/ Sentinel and the Albans/ Daily Advertiser. He superin- 
tended the publication of the New York Steitc Register for several years, 
and bestowed much time and labor on the arrangement of valuable histo- 
rical papers in the State library. In January, 1838, Mr. Holley was 
chosen surveyor general of the state, and during the last ten years has 
occupied a position in the State Hall, connected with the department of 
secretary of state. For the last twenty years of his life severe bodily in- 
firmities have compelled him to forego to a great extent the labors of public 
position. His great solace during years of infirmity has been the literary 
studies, by which he was most distinguished ; and his life of Benjamin 
Franklin, written during a period of severe suffering, is unequaled as a 
chaste and comprehensive biography. His acquirements in history were 
equaled by few men ; he was a close student of medical science ; few 
clergymen of eminence were so well versed in theology ; while his ac- 
quj'iutance with English polite literature was exhaustive. No man who 
has listened an hour to his conversation on topics connected with general 
culture can forget its remarkable accuracy, richness and force. We re-, 
member no man whose conversational powers in this direction excelled 
his own. 

March 26. Georgianna A. Todd, wife of Dr. Levi Moore, died, aged 29. 

March 28. The shipping portions of the city were again inundated, the 
water being on the floor of the warehouses on the pier to the depth of six 
inches. This disaster was brought about by the recent heavy snow storm 
and the mild atmosphere and heavy rain storm of yesterday. Although 
not unexpected, it was of serious inconvenience, and attended with no 
trifling loss to those who were driven from their places of business. 
During the morning the river continued to rise at the rate of an inch an 
hour, though at noon it was thought that the then prevailing northwest- 
erly winds would check the progress of the inundation and confine it 

nearly within the space then covered with water Mary Ann, widow 

of Nelson Salisbury, died, aged 37. 

March 30. Sarah, wife of George Adams, died, aged 60. 

March 31. I'etcr Ilinson died, aged 42, 

April 1. The population of the county of Albany was reported at 
113,919, which was considerably under the true figure, no doubt. 

April 2. The past winter was severe, the earth having been coverec^ 



1861. Notes frmn the Newspapers. 81 

with snow during the greater part of the three months, with a keen, pene- 
trating atmosphere. March was even more severe than either of the 
winter months, the weather, for the most part, being cold and stormy, ac- 
companied witla boisterous winds. With the opening reign of April a 
snow storm came, equal to any that was experienced during the winter. 
The early retirers to rest last night were surprised, upon awakening this 
morning, to find the ground covered with snow to the depth of nine inches. 
The storm continued through the day, and at night a foot of snow had 
fallen. 

April 3. Daniel W. Mills died, aged 68 Michael Dower died, 

aged 38. 

April 5. Mary Ann Graham died, aged 62. 

April 6. Hester Gansevoort, widow of Conrad A. Ten Eyck, died at 
White Hall, aged 66. 

April 7. George Maseord died, aged 35. 

April 8. The proprietors of the pier memorialized the common council 
on the subject of the State street bridge, which was destroyed by the 
breaking up of the river, in which it was set forth that at the time of the 
breaking up of the ice in the Hudson river, in February last, the bridges 
across the basin at Columbia, State and Hamilton streets were, in conse- 
quence of the opening in the pier opposite the foot of Maiden lane, car- 
ried away and destroyed. That the said opening in the pier was made, 
not at the instance or for the benefit of the pier proprietors, but for the 
accommodation of other interests connected with the commerce and other 
business of this city. That the original opening was made in pursuance 
of an act of the legislature, passed April 14th, 1836, by which the corpo- 
ration of Albany was authorized to make an opening between the State 
street and Columbia street bridges, of sixty feet in width, the expenses of 
which opening shall be assessed and apportioned among the property 
benefitted, by three commissioners to be appointed for that purpose by 
the governor of this state ; the seventh section of this act provides that 
" if, at any time thereafter, the said pier, or any part thereof, or the build- 
ings and property thereon, or the bridges crossing the Albany basin, 
should be destroyed, or in any manner injured, in consequence of the 
opening hereby directed to be made between the State and Columbia 
street bridges, it should be the duty of the said mayor, alderman and 
commonalty, and they are thereby required to rebuild such part thereof 
as might be destroyed, or to repair the same if injured, in a substantial 
manner," and the expense thereof is directed to be assessed and appor- 
tioned among the property benefitted, by commissioners to be appointed 
as aforesaid. By another act passed April 20th, 1841 (Laws of 1841, 
chap. 113, page 80), the said mayor, aldermen and commonalty were di- 
rected to cause the said opening to be enlarged to the width of not less 
than one hundred and twenty-six feet, the expense of which was to be 
apportioned by commissioners in the same manner as above mentioned. 
By the 7th section of this latter act, the same provision substantially as 
that contained in the act of 1836 was reenacted, making it the duty of the 
city to rebuild and repair the bridges in case of their destruction or injury 
in consequence of the original or of the enlarged opening, with a proviso, 
however, that no part of the expense should be assessed against or charged 
upon any property upon said pier. By another act passed April 11th, 

JlisL Coll, a. ' 11 



82 Notes from tlie Neiospapers. 1861. 

1849 (sess. laws of 1849, chap. 429, page 589), the said mayor, akler- 
men and commoualty were authorized to make a further enlargement of 
said opening, and in pursuance of this act it was enlarged to its present 
width. By the 4th section of this act, the said 7th section of the act of 
1841 is reenacted and made applicable to the enlarged opening thus di- 
rected to be made, with the modification only that the said commissioners 
shall be appointed b}?^ the mayor's court instead of being appointed by 
the governor. Your memorialists are advised, and believe, that by the 
acts of the legislature above referred to, the duty of rebuilding the bridges 
which have been destroyed as aforesaid, is clearly imposed on the city, 
and your memorialists believe that your honorable body will agree with 
them in the opinion that the immediate reconstruction of these bridges 
is imperatively demanded by the interests of our citizens generally, and 
especially by the interests of that portion of them whose business is con- 
nected with the pier and basin. Your memoi'ialists therefore respectfully 
ask that your honorable body will take the earliest practicable action in 
the premises, so as to cause the said bridges to be rebuilt without delay. 

Abraham F. Lansing died, aged 77. He had been librarian of the 

Young Men's Association for nearly a quarter of a century Edward 

Halpin died, aged 19. 

April 9. Stephen Van Rensselaer Jr., died in New York, aged 37. 
He was buried from the Manor House on the 11th. 

April 10. Peter Cure Cheney died, aged 35. 

April 11. Miss May Snowdon, late of Albany, died at Cincinnati, 0. 
Bridget McCann died, aged 75. 

April 12. Mary Kerker died, aged 61 Margaret Russell died, aged 

21 ..Bridget Mahar died, aged 73. 

April 14. War was the great topic of the day, and active measures 
were taken to raise volunteers to put down the rebellion of the southern 
states. 

April 17. The rain storm which set in yesterday morning lasted through- 
out the day, and during the night turned into snow. This morning the 
ground was covered to the depth of several inches with snow, making the 

streets and sidewalks very unattractive to pedestrians Joanna P. 

Armsby, wife of Dr. Alden March, died, aged 62. 

April 19. There was such a demand for hunting that the price doubled, 
and many patriotic people were forced to resort to any thing that could 
be made to imitate stripes, for flags. Flag staflfs were erected upon public 
and private buildings, and the city never presented such a gay appear- 
ance James Merrifield died in New York, aged 40. 

April 20. Fannie, wife of Nicholas Rull, died, aged 64. 

April 21. Mary L. Coates, wife of Thomas Trainor, died. 

April 22. About 1 o'clock this afternoon the 25th regiment, under 
command of Col. Bryan, left the armory and were escorted to the Hudson 
river ferry boat by the entire fire department of the city, under command 
of Chief Engineer McQuade, and Company B, Capt. Ainsworth. The 
march through Eagle, State street and Broadway was a complete ovation. 
The streets were densely packed with human beings, and the houses and 
house-tops were lined with our citizens. Cheer after cheer rent the air, 
and at times the wildest excitement pervaded the dense assemblage. 
From the windows the ladies waved their handkerchifs, while from the 



1861. Notes from the Neiospcvpers. 83 

tops of houses guns and pistols were fired amid the vociferous cheers of 
the spectators. The regiment, on their march to the cars, halted in 
front of Stfinwix Hall, on Broadway, for the purpose of receiving the flag 
from Mrs. Mayor Thacher. The street was densely crowded, and after 
quietness had been restored Mayor Thacher came forward and spoke. 
Upon Mrs. Thacher delivering the flag over into the hands of the stand- 
ard bearer, the band struck up the star spangled banner, amid the vo- 
ciferous cheers of the vast multitude. Col. Bryan, in behalf of the regi- 
ment, accepted the flag. Immediately after the presentation of the flag 
the regiment resumed their line of march, and as they flanked into Maiden 
lane the wildest excitement ensued. Cheer after cheer reverberated 
through the street, and the soldiers left the city amid the booming of ar- 
tillery The old Albany Republican Artillery, which had served in 

two wars, now numbered 104. Among the veterans was Capt. John Cook, 
who had served in the war of 1812 and in Mexico. He came back with 
the loss of an arm. 

April 23. Charles A. Harvey died, aged 24. 

April 24. Daniel D. Barnard died, aged 68. Mr. Barnard had for 
more than thirty years occupied a prominent position in this state. He 
was born in Berkshire county, Mass., and graduated at Williams College in 
1818. Thus early he gave promise of a distinguished future. He was admit- 
ted to the bar, in the city of New York, in 1821. Soon afterwards he removed 
to Rochester, and was elected district attorney of Monroe county in 1825. 
In 1836 he was elected to congress from the Monroe district, and served to 
the close of the session of 1829. Mr. Barnard soon afterwards removed to 
this city, where he at once took rank among the most eminent members of 
the legal profession. In 1838 he was elected to the assembly from this 
county, and was subsequently elected to congress, thrice in succession — 
from 1 839 to 1845. His commanding ta!ents, as a lawyer and debater, gave 
him a leading position in congress, which he occupied with eminent 
fidelity and usefulness. In 1850 Mr. Barnard was appointed minister to 
the court of Berlin, where he rendered efiective service to the cause of 
religious liberty by being prominently instrumental in securing withheld 
rights to the previously persecuted baptists in Germany. Since his return 
from diplomatic service Mr. Barnard has taken but little part in public 
afi'airs. His leisure was passed with his books and friends ; and, with them, 
life's evening glided quietly away Richard Barry died, aged 18. 

April 30. D. H. Beyo died. 

May I. The Museum building was nearly destroyed by fire John 

Wachter died, aged 45 Anthony Blanehard died at Salem, Washing- 
ton county, aged 60. 

May 2. The building on the southeast corner of State street and Broad- 
way, together with the two houses adjoining, were rapidly being torn down 
to give place to more substantial structures. During the war of 1812 in 
the old corner was a drug store, kept by Jacob Mancius, and in the rear 
of it, in a room seven by nine, was kept the city post office. Mr. M. had 
only one clerk in his employ, who attended the drug store and to the 
opening and puttir.g up of mails, and the delivery of letters and papers. 
During the season of river navigation sail vessels brought the mails to 
and from New York. In the winter they were conveyed by land carriage. 



84 Notes frmii the Newspapers. 1861. 

The post office was a one horse concern, but then, as now, everybody was 
anxious to learn the latest war news. 
May 3. John V. Bailey died, aged 39. 

May 4. Thomas Kellett died, aged 35 Elizabeth, wife of Thomas 

Warnham, died, aged 37. 

May 5. The corner stone of St. Aloysius's Hall was laid in JeflFerson 
street, with appropriate ceremonies. 

May 6. There were about thirty-one hundred soldiers quartered in this 
city, of which fifteed hundred were stationed at the Industrial school bar- 
racks, and the remainder at the several rendezvous in the city. Some 
of the companies comprising Gen. Townsend's regiment had taken posses- 
sion of the new building west of the Industrial school, and those in the 
course of erection in the vicinity were calculated to a'^Drd abundant quar- 
ters for the entire regiment. The officers at this posr, were Gen. John F. 
Rathbone, commanding; Capt. Richard M. Strong; Capt. James McKowu, 
acting assistant adjutant general ; Col. Charles Strong and Benjamin F. 
Baker, quartermasters ; Dr. Swinburne, surgeon, and Dr. Hoff, examin- 
ing surgeon. The barracks were under strict military law, and the guard 
duty was performed by Company B, Capt. Ainsworth, and the Albany 
Zouaves. 

May 7. At a meeting of the common council the following officers were 
appointed for the ensuing year : Clinton Cassidy, city attorney ; Martin 
Delahanty, clerk of common council; Bartholomew Judge, city marshal; 
Dr. Thomas Smith, alms house physician ; W. L. Osborn, overseer of 
the poor; Wm. C Birmingham, clerk of city superintendents; Wm. T. 
Wooley, inspector of weights and measures; Reuben H. Bingham, city sur- 
veyor ; James Brown, assistant city surveyor. 

May 8. Elias Classen died Matthew Brown Jr. died, aged 31. 

May 9. A new liberty pole was erected at the intersection of State 
street and Broadway. The flag staff" was 130 feet high. 

May 11. The Bank of Albany failed ; its capital, ^500,000, was a total 
loss, and 60 per cent besides was called for from its stockholders to pay 

its liabilities. It was the oldest bank in the state but one David Bur- 

hans, formerly of Albany, died at Bethlehem, aged 88. 

May 14. The flag was raised upon the liberty pole in State street with 
the ceremony of firing of cannon, prayers, singing and speeches Jo- 
seph Cain died, aged 50. 

May 15. Margaret Drought died, aged 27 Erastus Hills died, 

aged 75. 

May 16. Sophronia E. Witherell died, aged 20. 

May 17. The weather was cold enough to render overcoats a comfort. 

Harmon Ten Eyck died, aged 68. 

May 18. The Bank of the Capitol, with a paid up capital of 8519,000, 
closed its doors and went into liquidation. The suspension of this bank, 
locking up about $200,000 in its savings bank, created a panic among the 

depositers in other banks, and there was a rush upon them for money 

Michael Gill died Colonel Townsend's regiment left for the seat of 

war. 

May 19. Abraham Sickles, long known as an efficient officer of the 
city police, died, aged 81. 

May 21. The Bank of the Interior suspended payment. 



1861. Notes from the Newspapers. 8 5 

May 22. Helen E. Burroughs,, wife of Theodore V. Van Heusen, died, 

aged 26 .Eleanor Gray, wife of Stephen B. Congdon, died Mary 

Thomas, widow of Amos Walker, died, aged 60. 

May 23. The National Bank closed its doors, and decided to go into 

liquidation^ the fourth bank, and the last, that failed Mrs. Ellen 

Howe died, aged 26 Laura Fuller, wife of F, J. Hosford, formerly of 

Albany, died at Brooklyn. 

May 24. Oliver Steele died, aged 61. 

May 25. Halsey Woodruff died, aged 80 John Murphy died, aged 

26 Henry Gardner, of Co. A, Albany Republican Artillery, died at 

Washington, aged 26. 

May 27. The ramains of Col. Ellsworth, killed at Alexandria, reached 
this city by the steam boat, and were conducted to the Capitol in the morn- 
ing. The obsequies will form an era in our local history. As a pageant, 
nothing more imposing has been witnessed for many years. The funeral 
cortege must have occupied at least fifteen minutes in passing down State 
street, while the side-walks, the house tops and windows were thronged 
with spectators. The remains, after lying in state at the Capitol until 9 
A. M., were conveyed to their final resting place at Mechanicsville. 

May 80. Temperature so lov/ as to require the use of overcoats in the 
open air, and of fires in the house. 

May 31. John Sheridan died, aged 22 G. T. Bratt died, aged 78. 

June 4. The flags of the city were all at half mast as a mark of respect 
to Senator Douglass, whose death was recent. 

June 5. Jacob Fredenrich died, aged 57. 

June 7. Jane Foot, wife of L. Stuart Rose, died, aged 29 .Mrs. 

Azubah Helme died, aged 63 Philip Gorman, aged 50, fell dead in 

the street while attending a funeral. 

June 8. Eveline Best, wife of M. Campbell, died, aged 48. 

June 17. Eliza, wife of F. Hoag, died, aged 40. 

June 19. Capt. William T. Wooley, of the 25th regiment, died at 
Washington, aged 34. 

June 20. Sergt. W. C. Cady, killed at the battle of Great Bethel, Va., 
was buried from the Arbor Hill M. E. Church. The remains were en- 
closed in a metalic colfin, which was completely covered with flowers, and 
at the foot lay the stars and stripes. The religious services were of the 
most impressive character. The church was crowded to its utmost ca- 
pacity, and the deepest feeling was manifested by all present. The Zouave 
Cadets, Capt. Van Vechten, acted as military escort to the tomb, accom- 
panied by Schreiber's band. The members of the Arbor Hill Young 
Men's Association followed as mourners. The remains were deposited in 

the vault on State street A laborer named Patrick Gleason, aged 22, 

while weeding a barrow of staves on board the barge Inspector, lying in 
the river just above Columbia street, made a misstep and fell into the 

river. Before assistance was rendered he was drowned Mary Ray 

died. 

June 25. Elizur Kirkland died, aged 66 John Black diedatBall- 

ston, aged 44 John Coleman died, aged 60. 

June 26. Gilbert L. Wilson, treasurer of the New York Central rail 
road, threw himself from the third story of his residence and was taken 
up in an insensible condition ; his legs were found to be broken, blood 



86 Notes from the Neimpapers. 1861. 

■was oozing from his ears. He had been very much depressed for some 
time past, by reason of losses sustained in his private affairs from changes 
in the value of property ; while he had long been a sufferer from dyspepsia. 

June 28. Maria Eliza, wife of Harvey Wendell, died, aged 29. 

June 30. Jane, wife of Henry Latour, died, aged 58 David Black 

was found dead. 

July 1. An extraordinary comet suddenly appeared with great bril- 
liancy, puzzling the astronomers to identify it Gilbert L. Wilson died. 

July 2. The body of a man was found drowned in the pond on Arbor 

Hill, between Clinton avenue and First street Peter Adams died, 

aged 23. 

July 3. The steamer New World sunk on her trip up, about 18 miles 
below the city Julia Ann Azier died, aged 28. 

July 4. The usual celebration of the day took place Henry Cran- 

nell died, aged 49. 

July 5. The passenger and freight depots of the Western rail road were 
burnt about 7 o'clock in the evening ; loss about ^500,000. Several per- 
sons were dangerously injured, and William Fairchilds died of his inju- 
ries. 

July 7. 0. J. Shaw died at Portsmouth, N. H., aged 48. Mr. Shaw 
was known to most of our citizens chiefly as a teacher and composer of 
music. Those only who knew him best can estimate rightly his scholarly 
tastes, his rare simplicity of character, his warm and genial social dispo- 
sition — the excellencies which captivated — while his musical acquire- 
ments and ability commanded respect. 

July 9. Patrick Kennedy died, aged 38. 

July 10. William W. Matthews died, aged 46. 

July 12. Charlotte Pemberton died, aged 40. 

July 13. Mary, wife of Jeduthan Loomis, died, aged 41. 

July 14. Sarah, wife of Thiel Batchelder, died, aged 74 Mary 

Scott died at Norwalk, Conn., aged 84, 60 years a resident of Albany. 

July 15. Elizabeth, widow of Robert Todd, died. 

July 15. Ellen G. Forby died. 

July 17. Adeline Mitchell died in Lansingbnrgh James Hodgens 

died, aged 18 Hannah Clinch, widow of G. V. S. Bleecker, died. 

July 18. The corner stone of the State Street Presbyterian Church was 

laid Paul Hefiirhearn died, aged 35 Dr. Thomas Foster Phillips 

died, aged 61. 

July 19. The rain and hail storm was very severe in this city and vi- 
cinity, and serious damage was done by the hail. For upwards of half 
an hour the rain fell in torrents, pouring down hail as large as ordinary 
sized walnuts. The wind blew a gale, and at times the lightning was 
very sharp. From the Capitol westward to the half way house, on the 
Schenectady road, the storm was severely felt. Trees were blown down 
and the crops destroyed. Fields of cabbages were riddled as if volleys of 
musket balls had been fired upon them. One of the largest trees on the 
road to the alms house was severed to the roots, and hundreds of younger 
ones cut off as if severed by an axe. The storm gave much employment 
to glaziers, for many public and private buildings suffered by the de- 
destruction of glass. Almost every light of glass in the windows facing 
the west in the Penitentiary, Industrial School building, Insane Asylum 



1861. Notes from the Neiuspapers. 87 

and the Alms House were broken. At West Albany the hail came down 
in showers, and after the storm had partially subsided the ground was 
covered with them, and likened unto a snow storm. The flag staff on the 
Tenth District School House, on Washington avenue, was struck by light- 
ning, and the pole shattered, but no material damage was done to the 
building. 

July 20. Mrs. Sarah M. Olin, aged 59, was killed by being thrown 
from a carriage. 

July 21. Polly Flemings, sister of the late Abraham Sickels, died, 
aged 91 John Strain died, aged 23. 

July 24, John Waterson, orderly sergeant Co. A, 18th regiment, died, 
aged 23. 

July 25. Johannah Dorothea Christina Wasserback died, aged 74. 

July 26. David P. Winne died, aged 37 Hugh C. Lamb died, 

aged 24. 
"July 27. Sarah Dunn, wife of Thomas Fisher, died, aged 30. 

July 28. The 25th regiment returned, and were received by an im- 
mense crowd. Preparations had been made to escort them to the armory, 
but the mass of people that crowded upon them for recognition, at times 
completely stopped the procession. The regiment had not been in any 
engagement during its absence. 

July 29. Mrs. Ellen Johnston died, aged 64. 

July 30. The body of James Leahy was found in the basin ; he had 
been missing since the 27th, 

July 31. A German named Turner, aged 70, was found dead on the 
side walk in Cherry street. 

Aug. 1. Sarah Catharine Dutton, wife of John B. Holt, died, aged 22. 

Aug. 2. Daniel McAllister died, aged 70 Baynton W. Knowlson 

died, aged 38. 

Aug. 4. The 25th regiment was called out to be mustered out of service. 
About 4 o'clock they marched from the armory to the Capitol park, where 
they were met by Capt. Sedgrave, of the United States army, who was 
detailed for the service, but the money not being on hand, all the compa- 
nies except the Worth Guards and Burgesses Corps refused to be mustered 
out. They were told that the company muster rolls would have to be sent 
to Washington for revision before payment, but the men could not under- 
stand this, and, under the impression that they would have a stronger 
claim on the government for their just dues if not mustered out until 
paid, they refused to submit to the ceremony, and marched back to the 
armory. 

Aug. 5. The Ptev. Dr. Pitkin left the city for the East Indies For 

the past two days the weather was uncomfortably warm ■ — by for the 
warmest of the season. On Saturday and Sunday the thermometer ranged 
from 94 to 97 in different localities, and last night the heat was very op- 
pressive. To-day the weather was quite warm, although the mercury in 
the thermometer did not range as high as it did yesterday or the day be- 
fore. Yet it was what the farmers call smart corn growing weather 

Catharine Sherlin, wife of John Kerr, died, aged 40 John Butler 

died suddenly. 

Aug. 6. Lewis R. Gregory died, aged 46 Mrs. Anna Chester died 

in New York. Dr. C. H. Carrell died at Pensacola. Florida ; formerly a 



88 Notes from the Newspapers. 1861. 

student of medicine with Dr. Jolm Swinburne. At the time of his death 
he was acting in the capacity of assistant surgeon in the fleet off Pensa- 
cola. He was a graduate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of 
New York ; for a term resident physician of the Children's hospital of that 
city, and subsequently resident physician at Bellevue hospital. _ 

Aug. 8. Rhogenia Baumis, wife of Nathaniel Adams, died in Bethle- 
hem, aged 57. 

Aug. 10. Mary, wife of John A. Smithezer, died, aged 57. 

Aug. 12. Mrs!^ Paulina Wright died, aged 63. 

Aug. 14. Edward MeCarty died, aged 29. 

Aug. 15. T. Lawler died of a fall upon the pavement. 

Aug. 16. Elenor Herner died John Percill died of grief, because 

his only son enlisted and went away. 

Aug. 18. Adam Westfall, aged 27, was found dead ; supposed to have 

committed suicide John L. Crew died, aged 19. 

Aug. 19. Catharine L. Kline, wife of George A. Rankin, died, aged 35. 

Aug. 20. Louise, wife of Prof. 0. M. Mitchell, died Andrew J. 

Murtaugh died, aged 19. 

Aug. 22. George 0. Merrifield died, aged 46. He was a native of 
this city, and occupied an honorable place among its citizens. His amia- 
ble and gentle deportment secured to him friends in all classes. He 
started the cabinet business, in a small way, in early life, and by industry, 
honesty and perseverance he, with his partner, Mr. Wooster, had placed 
themselves about at the head of that business in this city. A year ago 
he had a severe attack of bleeding at the lungs. From that time he has 
gradually failed in health. About three months ago he became aware 
that it was necessary for him to arrange his temporal affairs, feeling that 
his life in this world was near to an end. About six weeks ago he got 
all his business in good shape, and settled, and had nothing, in a pecuniary 
point of view, to disturb his mind. He had long been a devoted ('hristian, 
and in that respect was at peace with his God. After getting his busi- 
ness settled, in company with his wife, he went about eighteen miles to a 
quiet place in the country, where he remained four weeks, hoping to im- 
prove his health, and returned home last Monday, but no better in health. 
On Thursday, at half past 12 o'clock, he departed this life, it is presumed 
at peace with God, at peace with the world, and deeply mourned by an 
aged mother, wife and four children, and a large circle of relatives and 
acquaintances. 

Aug. 24, William McGowan died, aged 20 Ellen Sands died, 

aged 28. 

Aug. 26. Jane Muckle died, aged 65. 
Aug. 27. William Cook died, aged 36. 

Aug. 29. Rachel, wife of Alonzo Crosby, died, aged 74 Eliza, wife 

of Noah St. John, died, aged 49 Abraham Myers was found dead in 

the Lumber district... Benjamin Yates senior died at Staten Island, 

aged 74. 

Aug. 30. Aaron L. Hamburger died, aged 57. 

Aug. 31. Jenet, wife of David Ramsey, died, aged 64 Catharine 

Cavanagh died, aged 79 Charles Coates died in Brooklyn. 

Sept. 1. Angelica Bogart, wife of Gen. George Talcott, died, aged 72. 
Sept. 3. Much excitement existed in some localities, occasioned by the 



1861. Notes from the Newspapers. 89 

death of a servant girl at Stanwix Hall, and the sickness of another, an 

epidemic being feared ; nothing less than yellow fever William C. 

Locherty died, aged 61. 

Sept. 5. Cornelia Ann, wife of L. B. Palmer, died, aged 33. 

Sept. 7. Angeline Rebecca McChesney died, aged 16. 

Sept. 9. Robert Simpson died, aged 69. 

Sept. 10. Lemuel B. Bailey died, aged 56 Margaret Coyley died, 

aged 22 Eleanor, widow of Stephen Higgins, died, aged 70. 

Sept. 11. Mrs. Elizabeth Sickman died, aged 93. 

Sept. 12. John Kinsley died, aged 27. 

Sept. 15. Lawrence B. Vrooman died, aged 66. 

Sept. 16. Soon after 6 o'clock p. M. the 43d regiment of volunteers, 
under command of Col. F. S. Vinton, wheeled from Washington avenue 
into State street, under escort of two companies attached to the People's 
Ellsworth regiment, and Schreiber's band. They embarked on a barge in 
tow of the McDonald. All along the streets through which the regi- 
ments passed immense crowds of people had collected, and cheer after 
cheer rent the air in honor of the brave defenders of our country's flag. 
The men embarked, and supper having been prepared for them on the 
boats, partook of it heartily, and about 7 o'clock bid adieu to old Albany, 
amidst the most vociferous cheering from the thousands of spectators who 
had collected on the wharves to witness their departure and bid them 
God speed Helen, wife of Henry Murphy, died, aged 61. 

Sept. 19. Robert Townsend, having off'ered his services to the govern- 
ment, was immediately put in command of the Harriet Lane, and left the 
city this day for his vessel. 

Sept. 20. Adam Van Aernam died, aged 28. 

Sept. 22. Jessup Townsend died, aged 71. 

Sept. 23. The friends of Samuel Streeter, the old colored preacher, 
were informed that he was sufi"ering from what would probably prove a 
fatal disease; — that his wife was approaching imbecility, and that they 
were in great temporal want. 

Sept. 2-1. At the annual election of officers of the First Great Western 
Turnpike Company, the following were chosen directors for the ensuing 
year : Directors — Jacob H. Ten Eyck, W. C. Miller, J. TaylerCooper, 
Robert H. Pruyn, Robert J. Hilton, Stephen Groesbeeck, James D. Was- 
son, Peter McNaughton, Andrew E. Brown, Angelo Ames, Cornelius Ten 
Broeck, Richard Van Rensselaer, J. V. L. Pruyn. Inspectors — Rich. 
V. De Witt, E. J. Miller Patrick Ryan died. 

Sept. 25. Fast Day had a very strict secular observation. Never be- 
fore have we seen a more thorough closing of places of business. It 
looked like Sunday in Broadway and State street. Even the hawkers 
and butchers were compelled to yield to the popular feeling and vacate 
the street after 10 o'clock — the usual religious service hour. During 
the afternoon there was but little movement, and in the evening the streets 
were almost deserted — scarcely an individual being seen out after 10 

o'clock River men had now as much business as they could turn their 

hands to and forward as rapidly as promised. Both the up and down freights 
were enormous, and every river craft was brought into service. The 
current rates to-day to New York are 8c. on flour 3c. on wheat, 22C. on 
corn and barley, 2c. on oats, and SI per ton on tonnage property. These 

Hist. Coll. a. 12 



90 Notes from the Neivs;papers. 1861. 

prices will prevail until Monday next, when a further advance will be 
established here of 2c. upon flour, and ^c. upon all kinds of grain, as 
previously agreed upon by all the fowarders. Freights on the canal are 
now handsomely paying fowarders and boatmen, and are stimulating the 
latter to extra exertions in getting to tide water as speedily as possible. 

Sept. 27. Soon after sundown quite a strong southerly breeze sprang up, 
which, as evening advanced, appeared to increase in violence until it assum- 
ed the character of a violent gale. When night had fairly set in the howl- 
ing winds became powerful, rocking frail tenements on the hill tops in 
the city, to their foundations, and making the chimneys of the more stately 
mansions to fairly groan and some of them to topple. It was during " the 
witching of night," when ghosts are supposed to roam, and "when church 
yards yawn," that the gale assumed its most terrific force. It was then 
as violent as any previously experienced — fully equal to that which 
occurred some eight years ago, but not so destructive to property. Dur- 
ing the gale the air was balmy, but in gusts it was powerful and terrific. 
Awnings were torn to shreds, chimneys blown down, and bricks scattered 
like chafi' before the wind ; trees were shorn of their branches — some of 

them were uprooted, while others were laid prostrate upon the earth 

Thomas Goldwait died at Fort 3IcHenry, of typhoid fever. 

Sept. 28. Kev. P. McCloskey, pastor of St. John's church, died aged 
55. He had sufi'ered from attacks of a dropsical character, for several 
years, and it was by one of these attacks that the good man was finally 
taken to his rest. His death has carried mourning into thousands of 
households ; for few men have ever more beautifully magnified their ofiice, 
in all the duties of counselor, benefactor, pastor and priest, than Father 
McCloskey. His flock recognized in him the thoughtful shepherd, who 
cared for, and sympathized with them, in all their" trials, and who was 
ever ready to comfort and cheer them in their hours of suffering and sor- 
row. Father McCloskey was educated at Georgetown College, Md., and 
entered upon the sacred duties of the priesthoo'd in 1833. He was sta- 
tioned at Schenectady for twelve years, and came to this city fourteen 
years since, where he has served with great acceptance and usefulness. 

Sept. 29. Jacob Ray died in the street of apoplexy, aged 28. 

Oct. 1. William H. Wood died, aged 30. 

Oct. 2. Hugh Hendrick died suddenly Almira, wife of Levi Phil- 
lips, died at Williamsburgh, Mass., aged 60. 

Oct. 4. Absalom Townsend died, aTged 75. 

Oct. G. The friends of Capt. Wm. L. Vanderlip, of Company G, Ells- 
worth Ilegiment, presented him with a sword, sash, belt, and other equip- 
ments. The address was made by Justice Parsons. Capt. V. responded 

briefly, and was followed by Dr. Seelye, who spoke at some length 

James Scott died, aged 22. 

Oct. 7. Stewart Coulter died, aged 42 Sarah Smith, wife of Charles 

L. Pease, died. 

Oct. 8. Cornelia, wife of Isaac Kent, died, aged 42 Francis Joseph 

Stevenson died, aged 2(3 .John JJunn died,"tiged 17. 

Oct. 11. Mary, wife of William Feily, died, aged 44. 

Oct. 12. James (Jray died, aged 64 Jane McKembly, wife of Pat- 
rick Doyle, died, aged 28. 

Oct. 14. The Ellsworth regiment made a parade, which was witnessed 



1861. Notes from the Neimpa])ers. 91 

by an immense concourse of people. They made an imposing appearance, 
and went through the manual and various evolutions in a very creditable 
manner. The loading and firing especially by companies, platoons, and 
by the entire line, was admirably done, and elicited great applause. At 
the close of the parade a newly invented battery was brought on the field, 
— truly a terrible instrument of destruction. It consists of five guns, and 

will discharge sixty balls a minute Caleb Willis Sauford died in New 

York, aged 32. 

Oct. 17. Mary, widow of Isaac Van Buskirk, died, aged 79. 
Oct. 18. Ceremony of the presentation of a sword and other articles to 
Lieut. Col. Rice, of the 44th or Ellsworth regiment, at the house of A. 

McClure Esq. The presentation was made by Mrs. Emily Barnes 

On Sunday night we had the first visitation from Jack Frost. The old 
fellow pinched pretty sharply. Our farmers long since expected his com- 
ing, they were prepared for him, and of course no injury has been sustain- 
ed. This is the first time since 1835 that frost has delayed so late in 
the season. On that year, the first white frost fell on the 1st of Novem- 
ber. The weather, however, continued very pleasant, until the 21st day 
of the month, when it suddenly turned around cold, and in three days' 
time the river was frozen over Charles C. Crandall, formerly of Al- 
bany, died at Peoria, 111., aged 19. 

Oct. 20. James Hennessey died, aged 30 Charles Utter died, aged 

22. 

Oct. 21. The Ellsworth regiment, consisting of picked men, left the 
barracks for the south. When the centre of the regiment was opposite 
the house of Hon. Erastus Corning, the line was halted to receive the 
regimental banner from the hands of Mrs. Corning. It was very elegant, 
and when put into the hands of the standard bearer it was received with 
enthusiastic cheers by the regiment. The ceremony was deeply interest- 
ing. While the gun squad of the Burgesses Corps were firing a parting- 
salute in honor of the Ellsworth regiment, one of their number, Sergeant 
Charles F. Clapp, was very seriously injured by the discharge of the can- 
non. He had placed the cartridge in the piece, when his attention was called 
from the gun, and in an instant after he was blown ten or twelve feet. 
He was, in fact, carried over the planking of the dock, and fell on the 
deck of a canal boat lying beside the dock. He was picked up and carried 
into a saloon near by, and medical attendance at once obtained. It was 
found that the injuries sustained were on the left hand and arm, the thumb 
being broken, the fleshy part of the hand badly lacerated, the smaller 
bones of the wrist badly fractured, and that the larger bones of the arm 
above the wrist and near the elbow were also broken. His attending 
physicians were Drs. P. P. and C. P. Staats. 

Oct. 23. Egbert Dumont died, aged 32 William Fuhr died, aged 

78 Patrick Curran died, aged 60. 

Oct. 24. Snow squall, first of the season Sarah, wife of Stephen 

Storm, died, aged 67. 

Oct. 25. A stranger named Thomas Davidson, on his way from the 
east for Toronto, took passage on the Northern rail road, but before the 
train started it was discovered that he was too weak, from illness, to pro- 
ceed. He was taken to the Exchange Hotel, where he was kindly cared 
for, and recovered so far as to give his name and tell that his object in 



92 



Notes from the Nev^spapers. 



1861. 



traveling was to see his mother, who lived in Toronto. The next morning, 

however, he was found dead in his bed Franklin Austin died, aged 23. 

Oct. 26. The Havelock Company was mustered into service under Capt. 
Von Puttkamer Hon. John I. Slingerland died, aged 57. 

Oct. 29. Samuel E. DeyErmaud died, aged 33. 

Oct. 30. Sarah Beals died, aged 70 Michael Kirby died, aged 43. 

Oct. 31. Bridget Doran died, aged 56. 

Nov. 1. The city finances for the year ending this day are exhibited in 
the following table : 

Expenses. 

City "Water Works, $22,784 40 

City Water Debt interest ac- 
count, 51,000 00 

Alms House, 28,791 48 

Assessments for streets and 

drains, 9,893 71 

City Poor, 18,669 42 

Contingents, 44,070 35 

Police Department, 40,781 64 

Fire Department, 20,807 21 

District Schools, 53,809 82 

Interest, 41,648 46 

City Hall 4,666 80 

Court of Special Sessions, ... 100 00 

Police Court, 3,450 00 

City Debt, 20,000 00 

Street Contingents, 16,294 63 

Markets, 1,204 08 

Ferry, 08 05 

Surveyor's Office, 1,892 44 

Justice's Court, 2,972 67 

Printing and advertising,... 2,719 42 

Redemptions, 108 57 

Salaries, 9,900 00 

Industrial School, 118 55 

County of Albany, 5,266 78 

Elections, 2,028 87 

City Lamps, 22,036 75 

Wells and Pumps, 1,228 00 

Costs on assessments, 69 00 



Income. 

City Water Works, $82,680 23 

Alms House, 617 59 

Assessments for streets and 

drains, 8,857 35 

City Poor, 687 15 

Contingents, 15,811 06 

Police Department, 68 81 

Fire Department, 396 68 

District Schools 18,187 28 

Interest 12,906 12 

Court of Special Sessions,.. 785 50 

Police Court, 1,628 00 

848 31 

49 54 

342 43 

838 50 

2,250 00 

75 00 



3 57 
61 00 



Eents and quit rents,... 

Street Contingents, 

Commutations, 

Markets, 

Ferry, 

Surveyor's Office, 

Justice's Court, 1,417 62 

Redemptions, 179 27 

Bonds and mortgages, 2,949 00 

Real estate, 762 56 

Dividends, 200 00 

City Taxes, 225,547 69 

County of Albany, 40,766 97 

City Lamps, 

Costs on assessments, 

First Company Great West- 
ern Turnpike, 143 60 

$419,060 83 

$427,506 10 

Andrew Cunningham, formerly of Albany, died at Rochester, aged 42. 

Nov. 3. The ladies of Dr. WyckolF's church presented him with a silver 

pitcher on the 25th anniversary of his pastorate The rain storm 

which set in on Saturday morning continued that day and until after mid- 
night, when the wind commenced blowing a gale, and increased in vio- 
lence as night advanced. About three o'clock this Sunday morning the 
blow was very severe, but not equal to that which passed over this city a 
few weeks since. The storm soon after abated. It is said that within a 
circuit of fifty miles much damage has been done in the breaking down 
of trees, fences, &c., while in this city we hear of chimneys toppled over, 
roofs partially carried away, awnings torn to shreds, and shutters torn from 
their fastenings. The gale was also very severe on the river. The Isaac 
Newton encountered the heaviest of it in the Highlands, but sustained no 



1861. Notes from the Newsjxijjers. 93 

injury. The rain storm caused aland slide on the Hudson river rail road 
near Sing Sing, which debarred the up express train several hours. The 
telegraph line between this city and Hudson was prostrated, and much 

damage was done Stephen Henry Haskell died, aged 19. 

Nov. 4. John Norton Many died, aged 19. 
Nov. 5. Daniel Halpen died, aged 29. 

Nov. 6. James Rice, of Capt. John Hasting's company, 18th regiment, 
was shot while doing picket duty ; his age was 17. 

Nov. 9. The steam boat Armenia lett on her last trip ; the last of the 
day boats. 

Nov. 11. William A. Jackson, colonel of the 18th regiment N. Y. 
volunteers, died at Washington, of typhus fever, aged 30. The deceased 
thus cut off in the prime of life, was a young man of no ordinary promise. 
Of an exterior remarkably prepossessing, frank, gay and genial in tem- 
perament, gifted with a bright and versatile intellect, eloquent both with 
tongue and pen, his early loss will be deeply mourned and ,loug felt by 
his numerous friends and acquaintances in this city. He graduated with 
honor at Union College (in which institution his father has for many 
years filled with distinction the chair of mathematics), in the summer of 
1851, and soon after came to this city to pursue the study of law. After 
his admission to the bar he formed a law partnership with his relative 
General Frederick Townsend, now major in the United States army, which 
continued until, at his country's call, he abandoned his profession and en- 
tered upon that of arms. Appointed by Gov. 31organ, at the commence- 
ment of the year, inspector general of the state, he held that office until 
on being elected colonel of the 18th regiment of volunteers early in the 
summer, he resigned it. He was immediately afterwards ordered to 
Washington with his regiment, where he has been ever since actively en- 
gaged, until prostrated by his last illness, in the duties of his new posi- 
tion. At the battle of Bull's Run he behaved with gallantry and credit 
to his state, and in the final retreat brought his regiment off the field in 
good order. As a soldier, though not having the advantage of experi- 
ence, he nevertheless rapidly won golden opinions. By the unwearied 
application of a quick and vigorous mind, and constant and unremitting 
attention to his duties as a commander of a regiment, both in the camp 
and on the field, he was fast learning to master all difficulties, and had 

already become a useful and accomplished officer George Traver died 

aged 58. 

Nov. 16. Margaret Vosburg died John Forby died, aged 73. 

Nov. 18. There was a large gathering at Tweddle Hall to witness the 

presentation of a military outfit to Lieut. Col. Henderson Rev. Syl- 

vanus Reed, the first pastor of the Church of the Holy Innocents, resigned 

the rectorship, which he had held twelve years Anna E. Plumb "wife 

of Rev. S. J. Dorsey, died at Ripley, Chautauque county, N. Y. 
Nov. 19. Ann, wife of Patrick Murphy, died, aged 68. 
Nov. 20. Capt. James Wilson died, aged 47. 

Nov. 22. Mary, widow of Rev. John M. Bradford, died Dr. James 

M. McAllister died in Philadelphia. 

Nov. 24. Mary, wife of Henry Wilsay, died, aged 41. 
Nov. 26. Sarah, widow of Philip Vanderlip, died, aged 69. 

Nov. 27. John Smith Harrison died, aged 39 Susan, widow of 

Thomas Towusine, died, aeed 35. 



94 Notes frmn the Newspapers. 1861. 

Nov. 28. Maria, wife of Hugh Owens, died, aged 37. 

Dec. 1. The first winter month entered upon its mission with icy chills. 

Dec. 2. Eliza C, wife of Gideon Shepherd, died, aged 41. 

Dec. 3. Both the river and canal were partially obstructed with form- 
ing ice, and the skating park was in fine order. What a delicious day, 
too, it was ! The sun shone as if kissing the brow of June, and the air 
was balmy as the breath of flowers, and the skating world of Albany was 
out. So great was the mob that the managers were carried nearly off 
their feet. In the first place, Mary Ann (so a dashing youth, with a hat 
like a soup plate, and the tip of a nose peeping through a moustache, in- 
formed me), was there. She wore a green plaid skirt and a black inverted 
wash bowl, with a wreath of black feathers. " And a confounded nice 
girl she is, too !" added young Moustache, cutting a spread eagle. Then 
little Leolina was there, with her red skirt. " That's her, tumbling !" 
said the Moustache again, grinning. " I'd help her up, only I've not been 
introduced," and away he launched upon the ice, smooth as a mirror. 
And the little Leolina picked herself up and went off melting into the 
most beautiful attitudes. Sarah Jane was there with her beau, John 
Jones, who was in a suit of brindle. Sarah Jane is stylish — that's the 
word, stylish. She is tall, and very expansive. Hattie was there. " Some 
people think she's handsomer than Mary Ann," said Moustache, again 
dashing up, and then sculling backwards in a circle; "but T don't see 
it. She's good looking, though, that's a fact !" and, catching his skate, 
he fell backwards in a spasm of kicks. And what a west at length 
shone ! The sky blazed with the vivid coloring. A pink pavilion of 
cloud seemed spread by the angel of the sunset for the lustrous advent of 
the crescent moon. And not till the dusky twilight was mingling the 
feature of the frozen landscape did the blithesome devotees of the park 
seek their homes. 

Dec. 5. There was snow all about us. At the north there has been 
good sleighing for the past ten days, and over in Eensselaer county and 
Massachusetts the sleighing is excellent. At Ballston Spa this morning 
the sleighing was fine — never better seen there. The canals were to 
all intents and purposes closed for the season. Ice formed upon them 
sufficiently strong to bear persons skating. Between twenty and thirty 
boats were frozen in between here and Schenectady. The steamer 
New World, which left New York last evening, came through in good 
season, landing her passengers here at 6 o'clock this morning. She en- 
countered anchor ice for a distance of fifty miles, reaching from Bristol to 
this city, some of which were quite formidable, being full an inch in 
thickness. Since sunrise there has been a gradual softening down of the 

atmosphere, and the ice is fast melting away Margaret, wife of James 

Bennett, died, aged 53. 

Dec. 6. An explosion of gas in a house corner of Lydius street and 

Broadway, by which one person was killed and several injured 

Thomas Smith died, aged 58 Abby Eaton, wife of Peter Putman, 

died, aged 4G. 

Dec. 7. Charles E. Woolverton died, aged 39 Charles C. Williams 

died, aged Gl. 

Dec. 8. Navigation of the canal, which was impeded and almost en- 
tirely obstructed by the ice which formed the early part of last week, was 



1861. Notes from the Neivsjxijjers. 95 

resumed again. The mild weather caused the ice to disappear, and the 

boats were struggling to get through James Vane died, aged 39 

Charles E. Billow died, aged 35. 

Dec. 9. For the past three days the river has been shrouded with a 
fog so dense as to render navigation very dangerous, if not impossible. 
On Saturday, in New York, the ferryboats could only be run at intervals, 
and even then it was attended with great hazard. On account of the fog 
the steamer Isaac Newton did not leave her dock in that city until 2 
o'clock Sunday morning, and consequently she did not reach here until 4 
o'clock yesterday afternoon. Again this morning the fog on the river 
was quite dense, rendering it difficult for even the ferry boats to run. 
The river was entirely free of ice, and navigation as free as in midsum- 
mer Susannah C, wife of John L. Staats, died, aged 70 Julia K. 

Babcock died, aged 59. 

Dec. 10. Mrs. Lucina Scovill died, aged 73 Sarah, wife of John 

Wakefield, died, aged 53. 

Dec. 11. Elizabeth McWilliams died, aged 78. 

Dec. 12. Mary Hartuug, convicted of the murder of her husband, was 
discharged by Judge Wright, after a long imprisonment. 

Dec.l3. Dollie Dutton, the littlest of little folks, was at Tweddle Hall. 
Although lOii years of age, her weight was but 15 pounds; yet well 
formed, of pleasing features and address Emma Cooper died; aged 17. 

Dec. 15. Elizabeth Van Hovenburgh died, aged 75. 

Dec. 17. Harmanus Bleecker Jr. died, aged 69. 

Dec. 18, John L. Wendell died at Hartford, Conn. Judge Wendell 
was for many years a resident of this city. In February, 1823, he was 
elected first judge of Washington county, which office he held until 
April, 1825, shortly after which he came to this city. On the appoint- 
ment of Esek Coweu to the office of circuit judge, in 1828, Judge 
Wendell was appointed reporter of the supreme court and court of er- 
rors, which position he held until the year 1842, when he was succeeded 
by the late Nicholas Hill. Judge Wendell then went to New York, 
where he resided with his daughter, Mrs. Robert B. Minturn, and subse- 
quently removed to Hartford, where he died at a ripe old age Morgan 

Lewis died, aged 48. 

Dec. 19. Caroline Goffe, wife of Charles Angus, died, aged 46 

John H. Perkins, formerly of Albany, died at Washington. 

Dec. 20. The 91st regiment left the barracks for the seat of war, under 

the escort to the boat of Capt. Cuyler Van Vechten's Cadet Zouaves c. 

Mrs. Hartung was again arrested and sent to jail. 

Dec. 21. The cold snap of last night, together with the recent high 
winds, tended to impede river navigation. This morning the river in 
front of the city was covered with what boatmen call dangerous anchor 
ice, and the stiff northwesterly winds had blown the water down to so low 
a mark as to render it difficult for laden boats to float over the bar at 
Castleton. At high water this morning the steamer New World was 
aground on the bar. 

Dee. 22. During portions of the day ice was stationary in front of the 
city. The wind, however, changed to the south, and the atmosphere was 
several degrees warmer. In the evening a snow storm set in, and during 
the night several inches of snow fell Mary Chambers died, aged 75. 



96 Notes from the Neiuspapers. 1861. 

Dee. 23. Tte atmosphere was of a moderate temperature, but the rain 

that fell congealed upon the walks Maria Jacobsen died, aged 89. 

Dec. 24. The steam boats grounded upon the bars, the water being at 
the lowest point reached this year. The New World lay upon the Coey- 
mans bar; the Isaac Newton on Shad island bar, about two miles above, 
and the Constitution a short distance above the Newton. Here they be- 
came immovable from the quantity of ice that gathered around them, and 
were in a very precarious position. They passed the Christmas holiday 
in these tight places. It was several days before they were got into safe 
winter quarters in the neighborhood. 

Dec. 25. The river was now closed to navigation, the ferries alone keep- 
ing a channel open. 

Dec. 26. The thermometer at 8 o'clock this morning stood 8 degrees 
below zero — a good, healthy winter atmosphere. This, together with 
fine sleighing, imparted to the streets a lively appearance. The flying 
steed, the jingling bells, the creaking snow, and the merry laugh, re- 
minded of the return of the good and happy times of sleigh riding. The 
ferry boats were still running, and the steam tugs with their tows having 
all reached their destination, the freighting business was successfully 
brought to a close. 

Dec. 27. Eliza A. Clarke, wife of Henry H. Van Dyck, died, aged 53. 
Dec. 30. The Lumber Trade of All any during the year 1861 partook 
of the depression of all kinds of business not connected with army sup- 
plies or foreign demand. In the spring sales were made at fair prices ; 
but when the mammoth dimensions of the rebellion were realized in the 
summer, the amount of building was sensibly decreased, the demand was 
light, and prices fell below cost of production on many kinds of lumber. 
Small quantities were sold for the ordinary wants of the country ; but 
the principal demand was for foreign ports, stimulated by low prices. 
This sustained the market and enabled dealers to sell down very close, 
the comparatively .small receipts of the season leaving the stock on hand 
less than for many years. The receipts of lumber for 1861 were down 
138,000,000 feet less than in the previous year, but shingles, square tim- 
ber and staves were about the same. The following table exhibits the 
receipts at Albany during the years named : 

Boards and Shingles, Timber, Staves. 

Scantling, ft. M. C. ft. lbs. 

1850 216,791,890 34,226 28,832 150,51.5,280 

1851 260,238,003 34,186 110,200 115,087,290 

1852 317.135,620 31,636 201,714 107,961,289 

1853 393,726,073 27,586 19,916 118,066,750 

18-54 311,571,151 24,003 28,909 135,805,091 

1855 245,921,652 57,210 24,104 140,255,285 

1856 223,345,545 36,899 14,533 102,548,492 

18-57 180,097,629 70,104 85,104 153,264,629 

18-58 267,406,411 31,823 119,497 135,011,817 

1859 291, ■571,762 48,756 70,381 114,570,503 

I860 301,022,600 41,222 46,888 148,735,369 

1861 162,9-52,527 31,782 44,754 143,784,471 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 97 

The following table exhibits the valuation of the receipts during the 
years named : 

Boards and Scantling. Shingles. Timber. Staves. 

1850 $3,251,878 $119,791 $4,325 $677,319 

1851 4,119,568 121,524 19,010 546,655 

1852 5,495,960 110,726 52,509 507,418 

1853 6,299,617 99,585 3,386 569,600 

1854 4,985,139 86,981 6,649 611,123 

1855 4,426,589 228,840 4,854 631,149 

1856 3,573,529 129,147 2,616 461,468 

1857 2,881,560 248,515 15,218 689,691 

1858 4,412,205 111,383 20,314 540,047 

1859 4,887,177 170,646 11,965 458,282 

1860 5,042,128 144,277 7,971 594,942 

1861 2,729,454 111,237 7,697 575,138 

Although there has been a very considerable decrease in receipts and 
valuation at Albany, yet they are larger than at any other point, and the 
superior facilities here afforded for receiving and shipping still maintains 

for her the position of the largest lumber market in the world Dr. 

John H. Trotter died, aged 49 Addison J. Fellows died at Hall's 

Hills, Va., of typhoid fever, aged 22. 

1862. 

Jan. 1. The midnight gun announced the departure of the old and the 
advent of the new year — a custom that for nearly a century has been 
kept up in many of the provinces of Europe, and which is gradually 
being instituted in this country as a marked feature by our German citi- 
zens. From midnight until the day dawned the firing of artillery and 
the explosion of powder kept the uneasy sleeper in remembrance of the 
dawn of a new year. The day was ushered in mild and pleasant. Al- 
though the sun was for a time hid, the genial breeze from the south wafted 
over the city rendered out door walking pleasant. Call making com- 
menced early, and was kept up with considerable zest until the storm 
drove the callers into close quarters. About noon the volunteers sta- 
tioned at the barracks started from their quarters with a view of giving 
our citizens an opportunity of seeing how a regiment of soldiers looked 
decked out in their winter uniform. The military consisted of the 76th 
regiment (Colonel Green), the 93d regiment (Major Butler), and Captain 
Von Puttkammer's artillery company. On their march through the 
city they halted at the Capitol, and, upon Gov. Morgan appearing at the 
south door, each regiment, in turn, saluted the commander-in-chief. Re- 
suming their march, and, after passing through several streets, they came 
to the Delavan House, where the order was given to halt. Upon coming 
to a rest the volunteers called lustily for Col. Mulligan, who obeyed the 
summons and spoke to them at some length. After paying their respects 
to some citizens the volunteers returned to the barracks. While social 
calling and the renewal of acquaintances were being carried on in the 
city, hundreds upon hundreds of boys and girls, men and women, were to 
be seen amusing themselves upon the river — some of them whirling 
about on skates, and others flying over the ice in frail vessels borne on- 
ward by the winds. Among this mottly multitude there was to be seen 
quite a number of females — some of whom were not only called good, 

Hist. Cotl. a. 13 



98 Notes from the Newspapers. 1862. 

but, by the proficient, scientific skaters. As the day advanced the genial 
breeze of the south was felt as well upon the river as in the city; While 
the snow in the streets was rapidly wasting away, blackening, rendering 
riding upon runners irksome, the ice on the river became covered with 
water, rendering skating unpleasant. Neither the callers nor the 
skaters were to be driven off by the frowns of nature, for they kept up 
o'oin'^ and coming, some till the dark clouds began to roll up from the 
west, warning them to seek a shelter, while others tarried until the tornado 
burst upon us. The setting of the sun was followed by a change of wind 
from the south to the west, accompanied by a short but copious shower of 
rain. During the evening and most of the night the winds roared, and 
at times the gusts were so violent as to do trifling injuries to houses on 
the hills. During the evening calling was attended with danger to 
life and limb, and many who neglected to make their calls during the 
day did not venture out of their houses in theevening Nancy Jacob- 
son, wife of John H. Gardner, died, aged 56. 

Jan. 2. Maggie J. Carley died, aged 17 Annie Coates, wife of 

Charles Snell, died, aged 25. 

Jan. 3. Gerrit Y. Lansing died, aged 79. Mr. Lansing was a son of 
the late Abraham G. Lansing, of this city, well known in the early polili- 
cal history of the state, who, among other public posts, held that of state 
treasurer in the year 1803, and again in 1810. His mother was a daughter 
of Abraham Yates Jr., a gentleman who was prominently identified with 
our revolutionary history, having, among other official positions, held that 
of president of the provincial congress of New York, and mayor and re- 
corder of Albany. His uncle, John Lansing Jr., was a member of the 
constitutional convention of this state in 1788, a delegate from this state 
to the convention which formed the constitution of the United States, and 
afterwards chancellor of this state. The subject of this notice was born 
in this city in the year 1783. He graduated at Union College about the 
year 1 800, then read law, and was admitted to the bar about the year 1806. 
Mr. Lansing had at various periods held many public offices and trusts. 
He was clerk of the assembly of 1807. In 1816 he was appointed judge 
of the court of probate, which office he held until it was abolished by 
the constitution of 1821. He represented the Albany district in congress 
from 1831 to 1837. In 1829 he was appointed by the legislature one of 
the regents of the university, and in 1849 was elected chancellor of the 
board, which office he held at his death. In addition to these public 
trusts, Mr. Lansing had been a director of many corporations closely con- 
nected with the business of the city, and had frequently, in middle life, 
been a member of our common council. At the time of his death he was 
president of the Albany Insurance Company and of the Albany Savings 
Bank. It is hardly necessary to say to those who know anything of the 
history of our city, that Mr. Lansing was of the old Holland stock. He 
inherited, in a marked manner, the virtues and characteristics of his 
ancestry. Simple in his habits, just in his dealings, true in all the 
relations of life, he passed through a long course of years, doing his 
duty in all his relations to society without fear and without reproach, 
leaving a memory to be respected by all who knew him, and beloved by 
an endeared family circle.... ..Catharine Magee, wife of Adam McMenamy, 

died, aged 35. 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 99 

Jan. 4. The Hudson river rail road ferry boat was laid up yesterday 
afternoon, and tte Boston rail road boat last evening. The ice on the 
river is now very strong, being from eight to ten inches in thickness and 
very solid. With the exception of a small space opposite to the foot of 
Herkimer street, it is safe to cross the river within sight of the city, even 
with laden vehicles. A plank roadway has been constructed on the ice, 
leading from the pier to the Hudson river rail road depot, with the requi- 
site bridges at both termini. Another rcadway will be laid on Monday 
from the foot of Maiden lane to the Boston depot. When this is completed 
there need be no detention for passengers or freight on either side of the 
river. There was really superb skating on the river. Notwithstanding 
the severity of the atmosphere this morning, there was a goodly number 
of skaters on the ice, including a few females. A few sail boats on run- 
ners were to be seen flying before the wind, but those who manned the 
boats found it rather cold work. 

Jan. 5. A snow storm set in at night, which afiforded good sleighing. 

Jan. 6. The carnival at the Van Rensselaer skating park in the evening 
was well attended, and the skaters merry. What, with the brilliant array 
of head lights in the centre of the park, and the general illumination 
around it, the occasional bursting of rockets and other pyrotechnic dis- 
plays at various points, the enlivening music by the band, the wholesome 
winter atmosphere out of doors, and the good cheer provided by Blake 
within, there was nothing left to be wished for save that rude Boreas, 
blustering railer, would cease when so many ladies are out skating. 

Jan. 8. Stanwix Hall passed into the hands of Francis Rider, late of 
the St. G-ermaine Hotel, New York ; L. L. Britton having taken the 
Everett Elouse, in the latter city. 

Jan. 9. Thomas Kelly died, aged 63. 

Jan. 10. James Seary was killed by the caving of a bank of sand upon 
him Joseph P. Martin died in Philadelphia, formerly of Albany. 

Jan. 11. Mary, wife of James Kearns, died, aged 50 Dudley I. 

Tyler died, aged 19. 

Jan. 15. James McRoberts died, aged 21. 

Jan. 16. Charles Veazie died, aged 42 Mrs. Elizabeth Bogart died 

in Greenbush, aged 80 MaryA. Guider died, aged 22 J. Eugene 

Jagger died in Oregon, aged 27 Rhoda Ann Groesbeck, wife of John 

F. Pruyn, died, aged 38 ; not a resident of the city. 

Jan. 18. On Friday a snow storm set in, and a goodly amount fell, and 
since that time there were alternate falls of snow and rain. Upwards of 
a foot of snow has fallen since Friday night, clogging up the roads and 
streets, but not blocking them up. The trains on the Central rail road 
were this morning in on time, but on Saturday night there was considerable 
detention on the Hudson river, not so much from the quantity of snow 
that had fallen, but from the sleet which fell upon the rails, making them 
slippery. Here there was much snow upon the ground, a larger quantity 

than fell all last winter Elizabeth Swarts, wife of Dr. R. J. Burton, 

died. 

Jan 20. Carolines. Ford died William H. O.sborne died, aged 20. 

Jan. 21. Margaret Graham died, aged 74. 

Jan. 22. Dennis Fisher died, aged 28 Patrick Tiernan senior, of 

Co. G, 43d regiment N. Y. S. V., died at Washington, aged 56. 



100 Notes from the News2M2jers. 1862. 

Jan. 25. The heavy fall of snow, sleet and rain of this and the preced- 
ing- day, and the severe gale which followed blocked the rail roads and 
put them all out of time. The streets became almost impassable, and the 
roofs groaned under the weight of the snow. Some of the light timbered 
buildings of the city could not stand the pressure, and those who neg- 
lected to have the snow removed from off them awoke on Sunday morn- 
ing to fiud them broken in. There were several of these and similar 
disasters about the city. ^ , ,. 

Jan. 26. Encke's and Tuttle's comets were now visable Cathahna 

Bleecker, widow of Barent Sanders, died, aged 76. 
Jan. 27. Mrs. Pheby Lavender died, aged 49. 
Jan. 28. Amelia Irwin died, aged 20. 
Jan. 29. Marizaret Gumming, widow of Thomas Angus, died, aged 78. 

Jan! 30. John Ireland died, aged 21 Michael McGrath died, aged 

74 James K. Strathorn died at Alexandria, Va., of typhoid fever, 

aged 19. 

Feb. 1. Thomas Smith Jr. died, aged 35 William M. Diamond 

died, aged 92. 

Feb. 2. James Gourlay died, aged 91 James M. Rawson died in 

Chicago. 

Feb. 4. At the annual election the following gentlemen were chosen 
officers of the Board of Trade for the ensuing year : B. H. Mills, Presi- 
dent ; T. W. GriflPen, 1st Vice President; Jeremiah Waterman, 2d Vice 
President; William Lacy, Recording Secretary; William F. Preston, 
Corresponding Secretary; George M. GriflFen, Treasurer; Charles T. 
Smyth, Cornelius W. Armstrong, Thomas P. Crook, Moses Patten, T. 

McCre'ady, Reference Committee John Hale died, aged 23. 

Feb. 5. At the election of the Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons 
of the state of New York, M. E. George H. Thacher, of Albany, was 
elected Grand High Priest ; E. John 0. Cole, Grand Secretary for the 
38th year, and E. William Seymour Grand Treasurer for the 14th year. 

Feb. 7. The rain of last night and the mild atmosphere of this morn- 
ins; have given employment all day to every class of citizens. Crowbars 
and shovels, pickaxes and hoes were brought into requisition in removing 
ice and snow from sidewalks and opening gutters for the water to run off. 
Many buildings about town are groaning under the weight of snow upon 
the roofs, and many of the laboring class have been employed in relieving 
them of the burden. Should the present mild weather continue many 
hours our streets will become almost impassable from the slush and mud. 
We have not for a long time seen such a general turning out, and so much 
work accomplished as has been done to-day. It was much needed, for our 
sidewalks were never in so dangerous a condition as they were yesterday. 

Abram V. A. Morris died, aged 65. 

Feb. 8. Edward Lansing Fruyn died at San Francisco, aged 19. 
Feb. 15. Snow in abundance and to spare, and still coming. The 
winter not severe, but the quantity of snow that had fallen immense. In 
the narrow streets it was difficult for loaded vehicles to move safely on 
account of the depth of snow and the ruts that had been formed. 

Feb. 16. Lieut. Col. William Erwin, of the 20th Illinois regiment, was 
killed by a six pound cannon ball as he was gallantly leading his regiment 
in its last desperate and successful charge upon the enemy. He was born 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 101 

in this city in 1823 — removed to Illinois just before the Mexican war 
— served as a lieutenant under the brave Col. Hardin — was a hero at the 
battle of Cerro Gordo — had been in a great many fights and skirm- 
ishes in Missouri, and died, as a soldier would wish to die, at Fort Donel- 
son. He leaves a wife and two children to mourn his early death. His 
remains rest at Joliet, 111., where he lived, in the employ of the St. Louis, 
Alton & Chicago rail road, when the present war broke out. 

Feb. 17. Gertrude, widow of Josiah Eaton, died at Charlotte, aged 76. 

Feb. 18. Samuel Pruyn died, aged 63. Col. Pruyn was one of our 
most estimable citizens. Descended from a family which has been iden- 
tified with the city from a period long anterior to the revolution, no man 
was better acquainted with its local history, or with the men and inci- 
dents of the past. He was himself, in all his habits, thoughts and asso- 
ciations, an Albanian — linking the past with the present, and partaking 
of the highest and noblest qualities of both periods. While known to and 
respected by all our citizens, he was intimate with but few ; and while all 
who knew him will deplore the death of an holiest and upright citizen, 
those intimate with him will mourn the loss of a warm hearted, genial 
friend, whose sedate manner in public gave but few tokens of his kindly 
temper and overflowing mirthfulness in the social circle. Although 
greatly absorbed by business cares from early manhood — as merchant, 
bank director, supervisor, inspector of the penitentiary from its inception, 
and the prudent guardian of his own large estate — he devoted many hours 
of every day to the careful study of standard literature. He was profound 
in chronology, history and biography, and his library was adorned with 
many of the best and rarest works in these several departments. — Journal. 

He took great interest in the Annals of Alhant/^ aud was always con- 
sulted on doubtful statements which had been gathered from the journals 
of the day, under the head of Notes from the Newpapers, his memory 
and knowledge of facts being accurate and reliable, and he was also able 
to add much to those gleanings which he was cognizant of. 

Feb. 19. Francis H. Harvey died, aged 17 Mrs. Letitia McMicken 

died, aged 77. 

Feb. 20. An addition of five inches was made to the vast body of snow 
which had ftillen during the last two months. The roadways in the nar- 
row streets were piled up to the height of from three to four feet, and, 
owing to the deep ruts in Broadway, laden teams were compelled to move 
very slowly. The present was likened unto the season of 1836, when our 
city fathers caused the snow to be removed from a large number of streets, 

in order to enable vehicles to pass through them Mary, widow of 

Hosea P. Spencer died, aged 65. 

Feb. 21. Margaret, widow of John Cassidy, died, aged 76. 

Feb. 22. The anniversary of the birth of Washington was ushered in 
by the booming of cannon, and soon after, upon the sun arising from be- 
yond the eastern hills, the national flag floated from the top of every flag 
stafi", public building, and many private residences. As the day advanced 
other demonstrations of joyous feelings were manifested throughout the 
city, in which the old as well as the young participated. Fire arms and 
powder were freely used, and our streets soon became thronged as during 
a 4th of July celebration. At an early hour the various military organi- 
zations assembled at their respective headquarters, aud were speedily 



102 Notes from the Newspapers. 1862. 

placed in martial array tinder tlieir respective commanders. The proces- 
sion passed up State street and through Washington avenue in the follow- 
ing order, headed by a detachment of the police, under command of 
Lieut. Grillespie : 

The 25th Regiment N. Y S. M., Col. Bryan. 

Cooke's Albany Brass Band. 

Company A, Captain Eredendall. 

" E, " Huber. 

<' R, " Kingsley. 

C, " Gray. 

" a, " Mulholland. 
" B, " McDermott. 
" H, " Barnard, 

" D, " Marshall. 
" L, " Neudorf. 

10 Regiment N. Y. S. M., Captain Ainsworth, Commandant. 
Brigade Band. 
Company B, Captain Ainsworth. 
" C, Lieut. Thompson. 
" D, Captain Dodds. 
" E, " McFarland. 
" F, " Strevel. 
" A, " Van Vechten. 

The regiments made the entire circuit of the city, passing through every 
street laid down in the programme. They made a fine appearance, and 
were cheered at various points on the march. Their ranks were well 
filled, considering the numbers that were absent in the army. The fire- 
men were not in line, and the only civic association that followed on the 
left of the military was the time honored Hibernian Provident Society, 
who were out in full regalia and carrying the national ensign. The exer- 
cises were held at Tweddle Hall, where the prayer was offered by Father 
Wadhams, and Washington's Farewell Address was read by James Brice 
Esq. The carmen had a procession of their own, headed by a band of 
music. The closing features of the day — the grand illumination — sur- 
passed anything of the kind ever before attempted in this city. Soon 
after evening set in it became evident to the most casual observer that 
extensive preparations had been made during the day for a brilliant dis- 
play and a pretty general illumination. About 8 o'clock the city pre- 
sented an appearance of grandeur never before seen by human eyes. All 
the public buildings on Capitol square were lighted up with candles, in- 
cluding the Capitol, State Hall, Academy and City Hall. Behind each 
light of glass in each window — front, rear and sides — was a lighted 
candle, blazing from the first floor to the top window beneath the dome, 
throwing a ray of light over the entire square, and presenting a brilliancy 
that, we venture to assert, was not excelled by any of our sister cities. 
It reminded us of the accounts we have read of the lighting up of St. 
Peter's Church at Rome, and of the gaudy appearance it must present 
upon a similar occasion. Looking down State street, the buildings on 
that avenue and those that surround the square presented a novel and 
really beautiful sight, evincing a commendable liberality on the part of 



1862. Notes from' the Newspapers. 103 

our citizens, and a patriotic desire to honor the day in accordance with 
the recommendations of the president. It would be impossible to particu- 
larize the hundreds of buildings, public and private, that were blazing 
with light, and we must, therefore, content ourselves with giving a general 
and hasty sketch of what was to be seen. From the Capitol to the 
Merchants' Exchange (the latter building included) almost every build- 
ing on State street was lighted up in as many conceivable ways as there 
are buildings on the street. 3Iuch good taste was exhibited in lighting up 
private residences throughout the city by gas light. Tri-colored tissue 
papers were spread over the plated glass, some in chequered form, and 
others in representation of our flag; but in a manner producing a fine 
effect. Chinese lanterns of every conceivable shape and color were ex- 
tensivsly used, and not unfrequently jets of gas in forms of stars and let- 
ters were displayed at various places. The illumination was not confined 
to any locality, but extended throughout the city. Many of the streets 
were festooned with lanterns, some of which were of a very attractive 
character. That in Broadway, the lanterns, of star form, bearing the 
name of Washington, was peculiarly attractive: But when so much was 
done — and so well done — it would be invidious to particularize. Suf- 
fice it to say that it eclipsed all previous efforts of our citizens. During 
the illumination the avenues were literally alive with people, some of them 
so densely crowded that the sidewalks would not contain them, and the 
masses even occupied the carriage ways. Fireworks were set off in dif- 
ferent sections of the city during the evening, and the day closed as aus- 
piciously as it opened Daniel N. Bromley died at Baldwinsville of 

putrid erysipelas, aged 53. 

Feb. 2o. Koyal Shaw, late of Albany, died at Springfield, Mass. 

Feb. 24. At 7 o'clock this morning the mercury in the thermometer 
stood at 37, the rain pouring down in torrents and the water running down 
the hills as freely as in midsummer. As the morning advanced the rain 
continued to descend, at intervals likened unto a summer shower, the at- 
mosphere continuing to moderate up to 12 M., when the thermometer 
marked 46 above zero. During the two following hours no important 
change was felt, but over head there were indications of a speedy reaction. 
Soon after 2 o'clock thiC wind changed from the south to the west, and by 
3 o'clock the mercury fell down to 32, a change of fourteen degrees in 
less than three quarters of an hour. The wind soon became fierce and 
biting, and by 6 o'clock the mercury fell ten degrees, the thermometer 
denoting 22 above zero. The immense liberty pole erected last summer 
by the liberality of our citizens was an object of much interest, alike to 
those interested in it as well as those occupying buildings in the immedi- 
ate vicinity. Before the almost stunning blasts from the west it staggered 
to and fro, and bent as if a " reed shaken by the wind." Fortunately it 
withstood the blast, but for a time its waverings were a terror to those in 
the neighborhood, who, fearing its fall, imagined the destruction of 
property that would result from such a disaster. The wind was particu- 
larly destructive to swing signs, window blinds, and even stationary signs. 
The mammoth sign of the American Bank Note Company, which was at- 
tached to the Exchange building, was torn from its fastenings, and in its 
descent broke all of the telegraph wires at the corner of Exchange street. 
Peter Van Buren died, aued 63 Theodore L. Philleo died at 



104 Notes from the NeiDsimpers. 1862. 

Kensselaerville, aged 26 Catharine Kow, wife of Michael Dugan,'clied, 

aged 48. 

Feb. 25. During the night it gradually grew colder, and with a clear 
sky this morning at 7 o'clock the thermometer stood six above zero — 
thus showing a change of over thirty degrees in 24 hours. 

Feb. 26. James Bryce, known as Chancelor Brice, died at Pierrepont 

Centre, aged 64. ^^ c 

Feb. 27. Laborers were employed in cutting down the huge ridges of 

snow, and placing all on a level. Another snow storm set in during the 

day.. '..... William McCracken died, aged 27 Celia Canavan died, 

aged 26. 

Feb. 28. The bill authorizing the construction of a horse rail road 

through Broadway and the Watervliet turnpike passed the senate 

Gertrude Carr, wife of George Wicken, died, aged 33 James C. Gould, 

of 3d Artillery, died at Hancock, Md., aged 26. 
March 1. Charles S. Hickcox died, aged 46. 

March 2. Sergt. W. D. Spriuks, of Co. A, 43d regiment, who died at 
Camp Griffin, Va., was buried from the Washington Avenue Methodist 

Episcopal Church James E. Morrill died, aged 24 Alice Hepin- 

stall, wife of Albert T. Emery, died at Chicago. 
March 4. Maria Smith died, aged 76. 
March 5. Patrick McLaughlin died, aged 47. 

March 8. Col. Benjamin Jessup, formerly of the Columbian Hotel, died 
at Schodack, where he had been long an agent of the Boston rail road 

company, aged 62 Mary Jane, wife of Thomas Coulson,died, aged 53. 

March' 12. Kobert Mather died, aged 39. 

March 14. Egbert Van Schaick, formerly of Albany, died at Spencer- 
port, aged 45. 

March 16. Andrew P. Moore died, aged 74. 

March 18. Herman Gansevoort died at Northumberland, Sar. Co 

Andrew White died, aged 26. 

March 19. Catharine, widow of William Ward, died, aged 75. 
March 20. John Campbell died, aged 19. 

March 22. The Boston ferry boat opened a channel in the ice and suc- 
ceeded in maintaining a communication. The passengers from New York 
were still crossing on the ice. The ice was firm half the way to New 
York. 

March 23. George Garlin died, aged 55. 

March 25. Mary E. Parnell, wife of Joseph C. Barnes, died, aged 21. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Overton died, aged 56. 

March 26. Margaret, widow of John Todd, died, aged 80. 
March 29. Elizabeth Brown, wife of Richard Griswold, died, aged 20. 
March 30. The south ferry boat succeeded in cutting a channel through 
the ice, but the whole body of ice above moved down and closed it up. 
A storm of snow came on in the evening, accompanied with vivid light- 
ning and as heavy thunder as is heard in summer. Snow continued to 

fairduring the night James a Phillips was buried. 

March 31. P^lizabeth J. Campbell, wife of Richard Norris, died, aged 44. 
April 1. Mrs. John Q. Wilson was buried. 

April 2. The body of Patrick O'Toole, who had been missing since 
Thanksgiving night, was found in the river, near the old distillery, at the 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 105 

foot of Broadway. It is supposed that lie walked off tlie dock in the 
darkness. 

April 3. The southerly gale which prevailed last night, together with 
the accompanying smart shower of rain, did up the work which the steam 
boat men were loth to undertake, by removing the ice embargo below the 
city. About 8 o'clock this morning the steamer New World came steam- 
ing up the river and rounded to at her dock. ......Ellen, wife of George 

CuUen, died, aged 52 John J. Jenkins died, aged -J-2. 

April 4. Oliver W. Mink died, aged 44 W'illiam Tuton died at 

West Milton, aged 38 Mary Haggerty died, aged 71. 

April 5. At the Rev. Mr. Traftou's M. E. Church it was announced at 
the close of the service that the annual collection for the support of su- 
perannuated ministers would be taken up, and the church had been assessed 
fifty dollars, which must he raised before tie congregation was dismissed. 
The baskets were passed, but, on counting up, only ^28 were raised. 
Members wei'e then asked to call out their names with the amount they 
were willing to give. Several persons gave their names with " two dol- 
lars," "one dollar," &c., till no more names or money seemed forthcoming. 
At last a stranger in the congregation said, ^' put me down for five dollars." 
" What name," was asked. '■'■Dr. Colton' [the laughing gas man], re- 
plied the stranger. The doctor counted out his five, to save the trouble of 
collection. The clergyman asked if they had not two more such friends. 
The balance was immediately subscribed, and the services closed by sing- 
ing " Praise Grod from whom all blessings flow." Dr. Thomas Smith, 

alms house physician, died, aged 45. 

April 6. George W. Roberts died at Utica Catlyna Pearscn, wife 

of Gen. Joseph M. Totten, died at Washington, D. C, aged 68. She was 
a native of Albany, daughter of George Pearson, and niece of the late 
Mrs. Archibald Mclntyre. Many of our older citizens still remember the 
incidents connected with her romantic marriage, during the war of 1812- 
15, to Capt. Totten. She was a very lovely woman, and an ornament to 
society in all the relations of life. During the half century of her mar- 
ried life she had the unhappiness to see a number of her children taken 
to untimely graves. In all other respects her career was happy and 
prosperous, and her house a seat of refined hospitality. 

April 7. Michael P. Cippcrley died in the city of Mexico. 

April 8. City election; Eli Perry, elected mayor by a majority of 2,400, 
had before held the office. Mr. Nugent was elected justice of the justices' 
court by a majority of 2,300. He had filled the same office for a good 
many years, and to the satisfaction of the public. The democrats had 
seven of the ten aldermen and supervisors, with a like proportion of the 

minor officers Mary E., widow of Jubal T. Russell, died^ aged 40 

Joseph A. Whalen died, aged 27 Mary Calahan died, aged 60 

Capt. John Boyd, formerly of this city, died at Brooklyn, aged 63. 

April 9. Patrick McGinnis died, aged 74. 

April 10. James D. Shaver died, aged 39. 

April 13. AVilliam Marvin Delavan died, aged 18. 

April 14. Maria Chatterson, wife of W. I. Mattice, died, aged 65. 

April 15. There was a freshet in the river, the deep snows in its valley 
beginning to %i(u/a<e Louis Hartmann died Stephen B. Flag- 
ler died, aged 30. 

Hist. Coll. a. 14 



106 Notes from tlie Neiv8pa]jers. 1862. 

April IG. The river was above the pier, having risen two and a half 

feet in 24 hours Maria Antoinette, wife of H. CI. Gilbert, formerly of 

this city, died at Milwaukee. Mrs. Gilbert was the daughter of the late 
John E. 'Bacon, and spent her earlier and later years in this city. It was 
here that she established a character that commanded the confidence, re- 
spect and esteem of very many of our citizens. Acting ever upon the 
hitihest and purest principle, possessing a highly cultivated mind and a 
heart full of human sympathies, her friendsbips were warm and lasting, 
and her attachments strong and tenacious. The poor and needy found in 
her an unfailing sympathizer, and her largeness of heart was ever prompt- 
ino- her to afford them substantial aid. Tbe blessed memories that sbe 
ha^ thus left behind her are the surest harbingers of the bliss of an bere- 
after. Her piety was sincere and unpretending. She leaves a husband 
and several children to deplore their sudden and irreparable loss. 

April 17. The Dudley Eef. Prot. Dutch Church was sold by auction 
under a mortgage to the builders, subject to a mortgage of |4,000 for the 
purchase money of the lot. It was bid in by the builders at S13,500, 
although it was estimated to be worth ^35,000. St. Paul's Church sold 
at the same time for $12,100, subject to a mortgage of $9,140. The edi- 
fice cost originally $25,000. The congregation of this church subse- 
quently purchased the Dudley church Louisa M. Herrick, wife of 

Hon. Deodatus Wright, died. 

April 18. Throughout yesterday the atmosphere was full up to summer 
lieat — the thermometer ranging in the neighborhood of eighty — and the 
snow in the country rapidly dissolved, flooding every tributary to the 
Hudson. Last evening we were visited by a slight thunder shower, and 
during the night a considerable quantity of rain fell, thus materially in- 
creasing the flood. During the night the river rose eight inches, and has 
continued to rise at the rate of two inches an hour. The inundation spread 
over the easterly portion of the city, and particularly in the lower wards. 
The water was this morning within four feet of the second floor of some 
of the warehouses on the dock. As yet but little damage has been done 
by the flood, beyond the tearing up of the plank walks on the dock and 
the usual destruction to property by inundation. The lower basin was 
covered with broom corn from the Mohawk valley, which pressed heavily 
against the Hamilton street bridge. It was packed in at that point to the 
depth of from six to ten feet, and so strongly matted together that persons 
could stand upon it with safety. The passenger boats from New York last 

evening did not reach here until 10 o'clock this morning Philip 

Lynch died, aged 44. 

April 19. The water at noon was fully ten inches higher than at the 
same hour yesterday. About 8 o'clock last evening a rain storm set in, 
and for upwards of an hour copious showers of rain fell. Notwithstand- 
ing a favorable change of wind, the river, throughout the morning, con- 
tinued to rise slowly but steadily. A portion of South Broadway was 
covered with water, and business was suspended. In the vicinity of Di- 
vision street, and at the Steam boat landing, it was navigable for skifi"s 
and flat bottomed boats. The basements of nearly every building south of 
Hudson street, and east of Green street, were inundated. 
April 20. John Lyons died, aged 45. 
April 2L The common council ordered a contract to be entered into 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 107 

with Aid. Owen Golden to discharge the duties of superintendent of the 
Alms House for three years from the 1st of May. It Avas very generally 

supposed that Mr. Hurst would be continued in that office The water 

in the river had fallen seven feet since the 19th. 

April 22. The following clergymen were appointed by the Methodist 
conference to the Albany pulpits of that denomination : Hudson street, 
Rev. Mark Trafton ; North Pearl street, Kev. J. E. Bowen ; South Ferry 
street, Ptev. S. D. Brown; Arbor Hill, Pev. P. H. Pobinson ; Washing, 
ton avenue, Pev. S. M. Merrill; Broadway, S. McChesney; Lydius 
street, E. Gross Noah St. John died. 

April 23. The legislature adjourned after a session of 108 days, and the 

enactment of about 500 laws. The docks and pier were still inundated. 

Mary A. McGowen, wife of Emmerson W. Keys, died, aged 24 

Mrs. Elsie Bradt died, aged 78. 

April 24. The water in the river was now out of the stores and nearly 
off the dock. This was by far the most troublesome inundation that was 
experienced here for a long period of time. It left the warehouses in a 
very filthy condition. Shovels and hoes were brought into requisition to 
remove the mud from the floor, which had accumulated to the depth of 
from two to three inches, of the most filthy kind. 

April 25. Gen. George Talcott died, aged 76 Mrs. Phebe Jay died, 

aged 72. 

April 27. The fastening of the bell in the North Dutch Church gave 
way while the sexton was ringing it for afternoon service, and it fell a 
distance of two feet, upon timbers. The bell is one of the heaviest in the 
city, and the occurrence not only attracted the attention of those in the 
immediate vicinity in the street, but the crash was heard several blocks 
off. The bell was found to be uninjured. 

April 28. The Pev. E. P. Pogers, who, for six years, had filled the 
pulpit of the North Dutch Church, resigned the pastorate, having accepted 

a call from New York city Eliza Blackall, wife of Nelson Rogers, died, 

aged 52. 

April 30. Ann Davis, wife of Horace P. Wheeler, died, aged 48 

John F. Prentice died. 

May 1. The water in the canal reached the eastern level above the 
city. 

May 2. Catharine, widow of John B. Visscher, died, aged 83. 

May 3. The sharp lightning, which was speedily followed by a thunder 
clap so terrific as to startle every person on Capitol Hill, struck the new 
three story brick hotel, built by Mr. Smith, on the Schenectady turnpike, 
opposite Gallup's Hotel, doing considerable damage. 

May 4. Eva Mcintosh died, aged 64 James M. Southwick died, 

near Warwick Court House, Va , and was buried here on the 21st. 

May 5. At a meeting of the new board of common council, Eli Perry 
was appointed mayor ; Martin Delehanty, clerk; Clinton Cassidy, city attor- 
ney; Cuyler Ten Eyck, marshal; R. H. Bingham, city surveyor. 

May 6. Thomas Gill died, aged 53. 

May 6. John Calvorley, of Co. F, 44th reg., died at Yorktown, aged 20. 

May 8. Philip S. Van Rensselaer died at St. Louis, Mo. 

May 9. Eliza, widow of S. S. Peck, died, aged 54 Catharine Cottam, 

wife of Robert L. Noyes, died in New York. 



108 Notes from the Newspapers. 1862. 

May 10. Mary Eliza, wife of James A. Harris, died, aged 33. 

May 12. Mrs. Charlotte Dewey died, aged 79 Mr. John N. Cutler 

was drowned, aged 70. 

May 15. Fire in A. McClure & Co.'s Store, 76 State street; insured, 

$21,000 on goods Erastus Corning Radley, of Co. G, Ellsworth reg., 

died, aged 19. 

May 16. Among a drove of cattle that was being driven down Wash- 
ington avenue and through Eagle street, this morning about 10 o'clock, 
was a wild steer, which seriously, if not fatally, injured an infant child in 
Eagle street. As the drove was passing the Capitol Park the steer ran 
upon the walk and towards a willow wagon containing a child. The 
mother of the child was by the wagon when the animal rushed upon them, 
and before she could secure the child the steer had pierced the wagon with 
its horns, and in an instant after had thrown them into the street. The ani- 
mal again made for the chi d and wagon, and was trampling upon them, 
when a man rushed at the steer and cut his throat. The child was then 
rescued, and soon after the steer fell dead in the street. The driving of 
cattle through some of our streets has become an intolerable nuisance, 
especially on Sunday, when such populous streets as Lydius, Grand and 
Westerlo are almost covtinuaUy blocked iqy by the immense herds con- 
stantly passing through them. To say nothing of the great risk of limb 
and life incurred by ladies and children, particularly on that day, the 
sidewalks are rendered unfit for use — houses filled with dust, and the 
quiet of Sunday gives place to the sights and sounds appropriate to a 
cattle fair. 

May 19. Yesterday the air was quite summer like, the thermometer 
ranging in the neighborhood of 80, while the sun's rays were penetrating. 
Since yesterday the mercury fell full twenty degrees, and early this morn- 
ing it was quite chilly. Such changes of weather at this season are not 
conducive to health Mrs. Mary K. W. Turner died. 

May 21. Soon after 10 o'clock at night a violent storm of rain set in, 
accompanied with lightning and high winds. The storm continued to in- 
crease in violence until after midnight, the rain at times pouring down 

in torrents and the wind howling terribly Fanny, widow of Jacob 

Van Ness, died, aged 80. 

May 22. The steamer New World, which left New York last evening, had 
not reached here at noon to-day. When the steamer Chicopee passed the 
World was lying opposite the nine mile tree, with her head down the river. 
The tows were aground at Castleton, filling up the channel so that it was 
impossible for the World to pass. Most of her passengers were taken by 
small boats, conveyed on shore and brought to this city on the Hudson 

river rail road The citizens of Troy acknowledged the receipt of 

$8,000 from the citizens of Albany, for the relief of the sufferers, by the 
great fire in the former city. 

May 23. James Cunningham died, aged 60. 

May 21. Anthony Fisk died Ann Bowler, widow of Joseph Fry, 

died, aged 85. 

May 26. The steam tug Cayuga reached the city with 67 boats in tow, 

the largest tow ever brought up the river Christina Sharp died, 

aged 41 Catharine Scott died, aged 72. 

May 27. The heavy tax annually imposed upon the owners of real estate 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 109 

oa Broadway, in the necessary repairs of the carriage way, has induced 
them to try an experiment. The cobble stone pavement will not stand the 
pressure of the trucks that are daily being drawn over it, consequently a 
more substantial roadway has become necessary. The experiment about 
being tried by Messrs. Jacob H. Ten Eyck, H. H. Martin and Charles 
Van Benthuysen, is in laying a section of Broadway between Beaver and 
Hudson stseets, with what is called the BuiFalo pavement. This pave- 
ment is formed by the laying of curb stone edgeways across the street, 
the stone to be fourteen inches in depth and four inches thick, thus giving 
a good foothold for horses, and a solid bed for trucks to be drawn over. 
The stones are laid lengthwise across the street and close together, form- 
ing, as it were, a solid stone pavement fourteen inches in depth. 

May 28. William J. Walker died, aged 25 William Stead died in 

New York, aged 78. 

May 30. Joseph M. Babcock died in Troy. 

June 1. Thomas W. Olcott Esq., president of the Albany Cemetery 
Association, offered a lot for the burial of such soldiers from this cit}'- as 

shall have fallen in battle or died from disease or accident Sergt. 

Maj. Luther A. Hill, 34th regt., died at Fair Oaks, aged 26 Wm. 

Harbeck, killed at the battle of Fair Oaks Jesse D. Van Hagen, died 

of wounds received at battle of Fair Oaks, aged 22. 

June 2. Statement of receipts and disbursements by the Joint Relief 
Committee, through the treasurer, J. C. Y. Paige Esq., Chamberlain, viz : 

RECEIPTS. 

Received from Citizens' Finance Committee, at sundry times,. $20,479 00 

Sundry appropriations by Common Council, 30,000 00 

Received from other sources, 130 50 



$50,609 50 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

Am't paid for relief of 22,632 families was, 650,295 84 

Paid expenses of Allotment Committe to Washington, in 

June, 1861, 158 00 

Printing, 21 60 

Press, die, &c., 9 00 

Appropriated for burial and other extreme cases in charge 

of special committee, 125 06 



$50,609 50 
John Chapman, died, aged 36. 

June 3. The 25th regiment left for New York in the cars, marching 
under a drenching rain. 

June 12. A coroner's inquest was held on the death of Mrs. Mary Ann 
Fox, who came to her death from the effects of arsenic voluntarily taken. 

June 13. George Black was drowned while bathing in the river 

Frank Marble was drowned in the Genesee river, near Portage. He was 
buried from the residence of his father at the Orphan Asylum. 

June 15. Ann A., wife of Hiram Scripture, died, aged 32 Peter 

O'Connor, 2d lieut. Co. F, 61st. regt., died in hospital at Philadelphia, 
of a wound received at the battle of Fair Oaks. 

June 16. Rufus B. Scovel died at Detroit, aged 28. 



110 Notes from the NewspaiJers. 1862. 

June 17. Jennet Angus, widow of David Putnam, died, aged 83 

John Josepli Ryan died, aged 21 Catharine, widow of Samuel Street- 

er, died, aged 83. 

June 18. Thomas B. Wheeler died, aged 42. 

June 20. Patrick McQuade died, aged 80. He was a gentleman who 
was universally respected by all classes of our community. He came to 
this city in the year 1810, since which time he has made it his home. 
In 1812, when the war with England broke out Mr. McQuade was one of 
the first to turn out in defence of his adopted country. He took part in 
that memorable struggle. 

June 21. The steam boat Elm City arrived this morning about 3 o'clock, 
with 346 sick and wounded soldiers, under the direction of Col. Bliss, of 
New York. Most of them came from White House, and were wounded 
in the various battles and skirmishes of the past month. Some, however, 
were put on board at Fortress Monroe, where they had been for some 
time. They were all kindly taken care of by the Medical Staff, under 
the direction of Dr. Ellis. The order was to bring all placed on board to 
Albany ; and although many of them lived in New York, it was not prac- 
ticable to leave them there until after the disembarkation here. At six 
o'clock scores of carriages and wagons were at the landing to convey the 
sick and wounded to the hospitals — our citizens having, seemingly, placed 
all their carriages at the disposal of the soldiers. Many, however, had to 
be conveyed on litters, their wounds being such as to preclude them from 
riding. By 10 o'clock, all were comfortably quartered in the hospital, 
except those to be returned to New York — about 100, mostly from Penn- 
sylvania. The preparation for the reception of these brave men was ample. 
The hospitals are delightfully located, and everything needed was furnished. 
Dr. Vanderpoel had been indefiitigable in his labors. A number of ladies 
were in attendance to give their services in the distribution of lint, ban- 
dages, &c Matthias H. Ten Eyck, one of our most respected citizens, 

died. About a week ago his arm suddenly became much swollen and very 
painful. On examining it a pimple was discovered whichjiad been scratch- 
ed and poisoned. Whether the poison was from the bite of a spider or 
decomposed animal matter, is not known. The deceased was a tallow 
chandler, and the supposition is that he scratched his arm while at work, 
and that the poison was thus communicated. He received all the atten- 
tion that skillful surgeons could bestow, but their efforts to save his life 
were futile. 

June 22. The Rev. Alexander S. Twombly, formerly of Cherry Valley, 
was installed pastor of the State Street Presbyterian Church. It was a 
very interesting and solemn ceremony. The congregation at present wor- 
ship in their large and commodius Sunday school rooms, which were filled 
to overflowing. Dr. Halley preached the installation sermon; Dr. Sprague 
delivered the charge to the pastor, and Mr. Goodall, of Amsterdam, 
the charge to the people. Rev. Dr. Palmer and Rev. B. H. Pitman also 

participated in the exercises Dennis Ryan died , aged 22 Thomas H. 

Carson, formerly of Albany, died, aged 57 Nancy, widow of Dr. Guy 

Spaulding, died, aged 69 Mary, wife of Wm. B. Wood, died, aged 44. 

June 23. Henry W. Coulter died, aged 21 Edward Best died, a^ed 

49 Mary Lucretia Lovett, widow of John R. Peters, died in New 

York Ann O'Callahan died, aged 38. 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. Ill 

June 24. Elihu Russell died, aged 78. He came here in 1813, aud 
had been in active business until within a few mouths, occupying, during 
the entire of this long period, the same store in Broadway. He was a man 

of unblemished character Adam Russ died, aged 87 Joseph Lord 

died, aged 73. 

June 26. Until quite recently there has been but one church within 
the bounds of the tenth ward, the most extensive and populous in the 
city, and that in its extreme northeastern limit. The only mission in the 
ward was in the small building, well known as Deacon Wilson's School 
house, on Lydius street, where, on sabbath mornings, a school had been 
conducted under the auspecies of the ^lethodist Sunday School Union, 
and in the afternoon the building liad been occupied by an independent 
union school. The schools were entirely inadequate to meet tlie wants of 
the ward, which contained, according to the census of 1855, 1,977 chil- 
dren between five and fifteen years of age, and 945 between that age and 
twenty years. The total number of children now in the ward between 
five and fifteen, cannot be less than 2,500, of which number we doubt if 
over six hundred are gathered in the schools within its limits, and from 
the best information we are able to obtain not over six hundred between 
the same ages, from this ward, are in the schools on Washington avenue 
and Hudson street. In addition to these, the Cathedral school numbers 
about three hundred under fifteen. Thus, if our figures are correct, there 
are 1,000 children in this ward not now in any school. This seems in- 
credible, and the figure may be too large, yet the fact is established, that 
there are several hundred children in the ward not connected with any 
Sunday school. Persons conversant with sabbath school work can form 
their own estimate of the number of children between fifteen and twenty 
years of age in these schools. We have chosen the former number as our 
limit in making the above estimate, because it is well known that at that 
age, for some cause, many children leave sabbath school, and it is a prob- 
lem for the solution of Christian parents and Sunday school instructors, 
how to remedy the evil. To meet this destitute condition of the tenth 
ward, various efforts have recently been put forth. United and State Street 
Presbyterians having already entered the field, and St. Paul's preparing 
to do so. Another enterprise, also, has been silently and energetically 
carried on by the Methodist mission now occupying Lydius Street School 
house, in the erection of a large building on the corner of Lydius and 
Lark streets, the house they now occupy being entirely too contracted for 
their present numbers and the continual applications for admission they 
receive, and also clogging any efforts for increased membership they might 
desire to put forth. The building is being erected mostly by voluntary 
contributions of labor and material, and the children are actively engaged 

soliciting contributions James Kinnear was killed at the battle" of 

James Island. James Kinnear was universally known and liked. He 
was a noble hearted man — happy and kind in his domestic relations ; 
amiable and generous socially, and active, disinterested and patriotic as a 
citizen. No man among us had more friends, and none was more deserving 
of friendship. He was one of those characters often found in the humblest 
walks of life, who command the respect of all classes by their quiet effici- 
ency, their unostentatious usefulness and their unwavering fidelity, truth- 
fulness and integrity. He loved his country with all his heart, and has 



112 Notes from the Nev^spaijers. 1862. 

sealed that love with his life. At the opening of the rebellion he consulted 
with his friends in regard to his duty. He was ready to assume any 
position ; but having had experience as a ship carpenter, and the country 
needing men skilled in that service, he was advised to take the post of 
carpenter in the navy. He consented to do so, and was at once commissioned 
and detailed to the United States ship Preble, where he served while she 
remained on duty at the mouth of the Mississippi. But the service was 
not sufficiently active or perilous to suit him, and he accepted a commission 
as lieutenant in the 79th Highlanders, then at Beaufort. He at once 
became popular with his command, and was foremost in all the perilous 
adventures of that gallant regiment. It was the heighth of his ambition 
to join the expedition against Charleston ; and in the letter wliich we 
published from him a few days since, he expressed his pleasure at the 
prospect of being detailed for that service. When it was announced that 
the 79th was in the battle on James Island, and that that regiment, as 
usual, was among the foremost in " the deadly breach," all those who knew 
him feared the result. And their fears were well-founded. He fell, 
where all knew he would be found, in the thickest of the fight; and his 

name will be forever enrolled among his country's heroes David 

Chambers died, aged 37. 

June 29. Charles B. Chapman died, aged 27. He was a printer, at- 
tached to the Ellsworth regiment. He received a wound in the breast, 
in one of the battles before Richmond. 

June 80. Catharine, wife of Samuel T. Rosekrans, died, aged 28. 

July 1. Robert McDermot died, aged 34 Mary, widow of John 

Bellew, died, aged 55. 

July 3. Batson Coggle died, aged 70 John Carey died, aged 82 

Richard McGlinn died, aged 65. 

July 4. The anniversary was celebrated with unusual festivity. Col. 
J. W. Harcourt was grand marshal. Declaration read by Jacob C. Cuy- 
ler; oration by Henry Smith Terrence xMcGee died, aged 63. 

July 5. Isabella Hinkley Susini died. Her remains were brought to 
this city, her birth place, and where her early life was passed, and fu- 
neral services held at St. Paul's Church ; of whose choir, and where her 
extraordinary musical talent first attracted attention some years since, 
she was a member. The impressive burial service of the Episcopal 
church was conducted by Rev. Dr. Rudder; the friends of Miss Hinkley, 
and those of the gifted Madame Susini, uniting in the last sad tribute to 
her gentleness and worth, by their presence. Of the brilliant career of 
Miss Hinkley in the musical world the readers of this paper have been 
fully advised. Endowed with natural gifts rarely excelled, instruction 
and study from and with artists abroad, developed one of the finest vo- 
calists of the age. In Italy, as in her native country, she was a favorite. 
But especially in this city, where her youth was passed, where her fjither 
died while she was prosecuting her studies abroad, was she ever welcome, 
and a cord of sympathy rendered the attachment more enduring. She 
was married to the basso Susini over a year ago, and gave birth to a 
daughter on the 2d of June. Her accouchment was followed hy puer- 
peral fever, which terminated fatally. 

July 6. The obstructions in the river at Castleton were removed, and 
the ]''eople's Line of steam boats resumed their trips, which had been 
temporarily suspended. 




>■'!'' ^ii'ii'iiiiijw^ '' la w 



^3vl 





1862. Notes from tlie Neiinsfaj^er 8. . 113 

July 7. Silver and gold, and even eoppei' coin, had long since disap- 
peared, and in the absence of small change, private individuals were 
issuing tickets and promises to pay, under the name of sltinplasters, as 
well as copper tokens ; all of which was an illegal currency, but was 
tolerated as a necessity. Postage stamps were also used for the same 
purpose. 

July 9. John Reid died, aged 59 Harriet E. Coonley, wife of Peter 

Ten Eyck, died, aged 21. 

July 10. Meeting of the Albany County Sabbath School Convention; 
A. J). Robinson in the chair, W. S. Kelly secretary. An election was 
held for choice of officers, which resulted as follows : Samuel Anable, 
president; Robert H. Wells, corresponding secretary; Oakley Osborn, 
recording secretary ; William 31. Wollett, treasurer; John Reid, John 
McIIarg, J. H. Coughtry, A. E. Willis, B. N. Newton, Henry March, 
Abraham Kirk, S. W. Larcher, George Dawson, John Templeton, Jo- 
seph Kennedy, James Erwin, John P. Livingston, Leonard G. Ten 

Eyck, vice-presidents Messrs. John Taylor & Sons, brewers, of this 

city, notified their workmen (some two hundred), that those wishing to 
enlist in the army might do so, and that one-half of their salary should 
be paid them while absent, and their situations retained for them until 

their return Gerrit Yates, formerly a merchant, and a prominent 

member of the First Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, died, aged 78. 
While a clerk for Volkert P. Douw, hardware merchant, near the corner 
of State in South Market street, he watched the progress of taking down 
the old Dutch Church, in order to save the window pane of Andries 
Herbertsen, which he thought was the rightful property of his mother, 
who was an Egberts, under the impression that the family name had 
undergone a change. But five panes of this sash remain, which, fortu- 
nately, enable us to give a fac-simile of every portion of it but the crest, 
which is left blank in the accompanying plate. 

July 12. John Pruyn died, aged 72 Hugh Reed died, aged 36. 

July 13. Lieut. Edward Bayard Hill, of the 1st T^ S. Artillery, died, 
aged 28. He was attached to Randall's (14th U. S.) battery, and was 
wounded in one of the battles before Richmond. The wound, though 
severe, was not deemed mortal, and he was conveyed to New York, where, 
at the Brevoort House, he had every attention which kind friends 
could give. Lieut. Hill was a young gentlema-i of fine mind and heart. 
He was commissioned soon after the commencement of the war, and at 
once entered upon active service. He distinguished himself in the dis- 
astrous battle of Bull Run, and has since shown remarkable adaptation 
for the work of a soldier. He was prompt and fearless, and had won the 
esteem and love of his officers and men. Up to the moment that he was 
disabled on the field he exhibited the coolness and courage of a veteran. 

July 14. A storm of considerable magnitude prevailed in this vicinity 
for a short time in the evening. The rain fell in torrents, accompanied 
by thunder and lightning. It was more severely felt east of us, and in 
the vicinity of Greenbush. Trees and fences were prostrated, and the 

crops were slightly injured The Zouave cadets held a meeting on 

occasion of the death of Edward B. Hill, and resolved that they would 
ever remember with pride and regret the modest bearing and determined 
spirit, the urbanity of deportment and cultivated intellect, and, in a word, 
Hist . Coll. a. 15 



114 Notes from the Newsimpers. 1862. 

all those noble and admirable qualities which distinguished their de- 
parted comrade as a man and a soldier, which ever claim for the honored 

dead a place in the memory of the living News was also received that 

Capt. McRoberts, of Company K, Capt. Vanderlip and Lieut. Becker, of 
Company G, Ellsworth regiment, were all wounded and prisoners at 
Savage's Station. McRoberts was wounded in the foot; Becker in the 
foot, "and will probably lose a leg; Vanderlip in the leg by a shell, 
which tore the flesh badly. He was carried from the field a distance of 
six miles, and was left at Savage's Station, where all of the wounded 
were under the charge of Dr. Swinburne, who was also a prisoner. 

July 15. Lewis Benedict died, aged 77. Mr. Benedict was a native 
of Saratoga county, but moved to this city with his father in early life ; 
and here have been passed the years of his manhood and his decline. 
He engaged early in mercantile life; and, after a long course of honora- 
ble, and for the most part successful business, retired a few years since to 
pass his latter years chiefly in the bosom of domestic quietude. He has 
been very intimately connected with the political movements of this state, 
and though he has borne his part without noise or display, he has exerted 
an influence scarcely second to that of any of his cotemporaries. He has 
always evinced a large public spirit, cheerfully cooperating for the pro- 
motion of objects which he regarded as bearing propitiously on the 
interests of society. He was a man of indomitable firmness of purpose, 
and never even seemed to yield a point contrary to his well matured con- 
victions. He had been accustomed to mingle extensively with some of 
the most distinguished men in the state and in the country ; and his 
uncommonly vigorous and discerning intellect, and minute acquaintance 
with the politics of the day, made him fully at home in such society. 
With his untiring energy he united warm and generous sensibilities, 
rendering him one of the kindest of husbands, fiithers and brothers. He 
was earnestly devoted to the interests of his country, and watched daily 
the progress of the terrible conflict with the deepest interest; and when 
his son, who is probably destined to learn his bereavement in an enemy's 
country, signifled his purpose to join the army, the proposal met from him 
a hearty, encouraging response. It is but a few months since that now 
desolate dwelling was the scene of a most joyous meeting of his friends, 
on the occasion of his golden wedding. Mr. Benedict belonged to a 
class of merchants that made Albany, during the first half of the present 
century, an important commercial city — a class now almost extinct, and 
without succession. Not that merchants of the present day lack intelli- 
gence or enterprise, but because the conditions and circumstances of 
business have undergone such changes that merchants and professional 
men, instead of standing out from and up above their fellows, form lines 
in which their individuality is merged. But forty years ago there was a 
dozen or more mercantile houses here whose enterprise and high standing 
contributed largely to the prosperity of the city. One by one, in the 
course of nature, the brothers Russell, Townsend, Boyd, Marvin, Cook, 
William James, Friend Humphrey, Peter Bain, D. S. Gregory, John 
Spencer, James Clark, Alex. Davidson, &c., &;c., of the senior class, 
have balanced and closed their earthly ledgers. Of their cotemporaries 
few indeed remnin ; prominent among whom are Jacob H. Ten Eyck, 
Erastus Corning, Rufus H. King, and Ralph Pratt. Mr. Benedict com- 



1862. Notes from the Neivspajjers. 115 

inenced business, we believe, with the late Spencer Stafford, whose 
daughter he married in 1812, and who survives him. Though subject 
to the cares, trials and solicitudes which that relation brings to the head 
of a numerous family, thei/ enjoyed all the compensations which devoted 
and enduring affection, mutual confidence and common sympathies could 
confer. Mr. Benedict was most emphatically public spirited. To every 
project or enterprise which promised advantage to the city he gave all 
the energy and zeal which characterized his devotion to his own business. 
He was active in obtaining the charters of the Commercial bank and the 
Utica and Schenectady rail road, and for many years was a director in 

both James Donovan died, aged 19. 

July 16. Catharine, wife of John C. Hare, died, aged 20. 
July 17. A meeting of the common council was held, to take into 
consideration the issue of fractional notes, to supply the want of small 
change. The finance committee, consisting of Erastus Corning Jr. John 
Tracy and A. A. Wemple, recommended the issue of ^50,000 in bills 
of lU, 25, and 50 cents, redeemable on demand in city bills in suras of 

S5, which was adopted by the board Peter Coleman died, a^^ed 23 

July IS. Archibald Wliite died, aged 18. 

July 21. Catharine, wife of Daniel 31cGraw, died, aged G2 John 

Vickers died, aged 66 Mrs. Catharine Slaughter died, aged 75 

Mary Harris died, aged 17 John Topp died, aged 54. 

July22. Alfred Siggs died, aged 36 John McCIintock Jr. died at 

Washington, aged 25. 

July 24. Martin Van Buren, some time a resident of Albany, died at 
Kinderhook, aged 80. His residence, while governor of this state was 
the Stevenson House, represented on page 15 of this volume. 
July 25. Elizabeth, widow of James Waugh, died, aged 81. 
July 26. Jacob Ten Eyck died, aged 91. He was bora on the 17th of 
February, 1772, and had therefore reached the extraordinary age of 
ninety years, five months and nine days. Mr. Ten Eyck was born in 
Montgomery street, Albany, in the house subsequently occupied by the 
Rev. Mr. Mayer. He lived in that house until the 6th of March, 1795, 
when he married Miss Magdalina Gansevoort. When about twenty-three 
years of age he experienced religion, and became attached to the Dutch 
Church, then standing at the foot of State street. Since the demolition 
of that structure he has been a constant attendant at the North Dutch 
Church, and a communicant full sixty-seven years. About 1800 Mr. Ten 
Eyck took up his residence at the mansion at Whitehall (which is onlv a 
short distance from this city), where he has ever since lived. In his early 
years he occupied some important positions in society, but for fifty years 
he has lived to enjoy life with his family and friends. During 1800, 
1801, 1802 and 1803 he represented this county in the state assembly', 
and in 1807 he was appointed judge of this county, which position he held 
until 1812, a period of five years. Since then he has frequently been 
called upon to represent his town in the board of supervisors. 

July 28. Adjt. John H. Russell died at Philadelphia of wounds re- 
ceived in battle, aged 26 Mary Russell, wife of Dr. Peter Van 

OLinda, died, aged 57 John D. Brown died, aged 25 Bradford 



W. Hand died at Hartland, N. Y., formerly alderman in this city 
July 29. The supervisors held a meeting and resolved to \ 



pay |p50 



116 Notes from the Newspajpers. 1862. 

bounty for enlistments in addition to the state and government bounty 

John Anderson died, aged 50 Timothy Cronau died, aged 47 

Capt. A. P. Springer died, aged 54. 

July 31. Parson Brownlow, so called, lectured on his sufferings among 

the rebels This evening about 7 o'clock a terrific storm of rain and 

hail passed over this city from the north. It raged for upwards of half 
an hour, and was productive of considerable damage to the crops and fruit 

trees in the country. The hail stones fell thick and fast William C. 

Russell died, aged "^38 Frederick Delamater died at West Township, 

aged 51. 

[From this date the facts and occurrences are gathered from all of the city pa- 
papers. Credit is usually given for long articles taken wholly from a single paper.] 

Aug. 1. A meeting of the regimental war committee was held at the 
City Hall, at which Mayor Perry presided, for the purpose of nominating 
a colonel for the Albany regiment, at which, on motion of Judge Alex. 
S. Johnson, Lieut. Lewis 0. Morris was selected for the position, and Major 
John T. Sprague recommended for promotion to brigadier general. Capt. 
Hale Kingsley was nominated for lieutenant colonel of the regiment. At 
the same time a large and enthusiastic meeting of the third and fourth wards 
was held at the Steam boat square, for the purpose of dedicating a ivigwam 
to serve as a recruiting station. Dr. Peter P. Staats presided, and addresses 

were made by Messrs. Clark B. Cochrane and Isaac Vanderpool 

Clarence H. Stevens, son of Cyrus Stevens, died at Harrison Lauding of 
wounds received in battle. He was a member of Co. I, 54th regiment N. 
Y. S. Volunteers, and was aged 19 years 25 days. 

Aug. 2. l)r. John Swinburne, who was captured by the Confederates 
at Savage's station and taken to liichmond, returned to this city. He 
was in charge of the general hospital when it was taken by the enemy, 
and determined to accompany the sick and wounded, with whom he re- 
mained until he could be spared. 

Aug 3. Louisa F. Mickle, wife of Theodore Townsend, died at Bay 
Lawn, near Flushing, Long Island, and was buried there. 

Aug. 4. The company first filled under the call of the president was 
that of the eighth ward. The commissions of its officers were issued this 
day, as follows : Joseph M. Murphy, captain ; Abram Sickles, 1st lieu- 
tenant ; John B. Bead, 2d lieutenant Margaret Cullins died, aged 45. 

Aug. 5. The Rev. A. A. Farr, chaplain of the 18th regiment, returned 
home in ill health. Unable to obtain a furlough he was forced to resign 

his oflice, much to the regret of the regiment Temperature reached 

9G degrees in the shade; the warmest day of the season Lieut. Col. J. 

J. Peforest, of the 81st regiment, dangerously wounded at the battle of 
lair Oaks, was so far recovered as to be able to join his regiment on the 

James river, and was promoted to the colonelcy in place of Col. Rose 

A severe and by far the most terrific storm of the season passed over this 
city, from east to west, between 4 and 5 o'clock in the afternoon. The 
rain fell in perfect torrents, accompanied with hail and frequent peals of 
thunder, and almost incessant flashes of lightning. The streets were 
flooded, resembling creeks, and considerable damage was done in diflferent 
sections of the city by the inundation of cellars and the washing away of 
pavements. The brick dwelling No. 71 South Pearl street was struck by 



1862. Notes from tlie Newspapers. 117 

iiglitning. At the intersection of Daniel and Hudson streets a large sec- 
tion of pavement was carried away, and in several places in State street 
large holes were made. Paving stones were carried by the flood as though 
they were chips, and after it had subsided they lay heaped in the more 
level streets, completely filling the gutters. A large elm tree in Maiden 
lane, west of Pearl street, was shattered. The cellars in State, Canal and 

Beaver streets were flooded. — Journal A span of horses driven by 

Abram Fondey got frightened by the breaking of a bolt, ran down State 
street, disengaged themselves of the wagon at Broadway, and made a clean 
jump of fifteen feet into the river, clearing a raft of logs moored to the 
dock. The horses were valuable, and were saved by being conducted 

across the river to a place where they could be safely got out Hugh 

Tracey died, aged 63 David Goddeu died, aged 49. 

Aug. 6. Samuel Harmar died Michael J. Connorton died, aged 29. 

Aug. 7. Alexander B. McDoual died, aged 19 Wessel Gansevoort 

died at Danby, Vt., aged 80. He was a son of Gen. Peter Gansevoort of 
the revolution, and was buried from the residence of his brother in 
Washington street William Campbell died, aged 27. 

Aug. 9. Edward Gay sailed for Europe to pursue the study of painting, 

in which art he had already acquired notable skill The tenth ward 

company, Capt. Wni. J. Thomas, numbering 85 men, was mustered into 
service. First lieutenant, John Morris; Second lieutenant, Howard N. 

Rogers James Bogue was killed at Mono, California, by the caving 

of a bank of earth in a mining claim. His age was 25. He was for- 
merly employed here by the Central rail road, and was a man of 

exemplary habits, and esteemed by his acquaintances Francis Henry 

Battersby died, aged 25. 

Aug. 10. Mary Ann Dewey, wife of S. G. Chase, died, aged 54 years, 
4 months, 13 days David Bringold died, aged 48. 

Aug. 11. A meeting of military exempts was held at the City Hall, to 

form a regiment of citizens between the ages of 45 and GO At a 

meeting of the directors of the Commercial Bank, Eliphalet Wickes was 

elected cashier in place of Visscher Ten Eyck, resigned Patrick M. 

McCall, formerly alderman of the 8th ward, died, aged 58. A meetino- 
of the common council was held in the evening, which passed resolu- 
tions commendatory of the character of the deceased, and directed the 
council chamber to be draped. 

Aug. 12. Daniel Turner died, aged 60. 

Aug. 13. It was announced that 75 printers and 13 bookbinders had 
volunteered under the call for 300,000 recruits, which was full one-third 
of the whole number engaged at those trades in the city. The regiment 
required of this county was now more than full, and enlistment was 

suspended, except that which was carried on to fill up old regiments 

Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer had been one of the most liberal of our 
citizens in his contributions in aid of the war. The fact is not generally 
known, for he is not one of those who trumpet their good deeds. We 
hear from a citizen of the seventh ward, who knows, that he contributed 
enough money to obtain thirty recruits for that ward ; and we also learn 
from another quarter that he has contributed one thousand dollars to the 
war fund in the town of Watervliet. We presume he has given more in 
other directions. 



118 Notes from the Neimpojpers. 1862. 

Aug. 14. Francis E. Thompson died, aged 75 Maria, wife of Paul 

Moore, died, aged 49 Charles H. Dougherty, son of the late William 

W. Dougherty, formerly of Albany, died at Orange, N. J., aged 50, and 
was brought to Albany for interment. 

xiug. 15. Thirty recruits left the city to join the Havelock battery. 

Aug. 16. The barbecue given by the citizens of the eighth ward to 
Capt. Murphy's company, on the grounds adjoining St. Joseph's Church, 
in Ten Broeck street, this afternoon, was a very successful and pleasant 
aifair. In the afternoon the company, carrying a banner inscribed, Com- 
pany A — Eighth Ward the Banner Ward, marched through the principal 
streets and thence to the pleasant grounds selected. Here a large tent 
was erected, capable of accommodating from 800 to 1,000 persons, which 
was filled to its utmost capacity. The tables, which accommodated two 
hundred at a time, were filled with a profusion of substantial and deli- 
cacies, and decorated with fruits and flowers, contributed by the ladies of 
the ward, whose efforts and presence made the afi"air an entire success. 
After ample justice had been done to the bountiful feast, John Costigan 
was named for chairman, and H. N. Wickes for secretary. Mr. Costigan, 
on taking the chair, made a few stirring remarks, congratulating the ward 
on raising the first company for the Albany regiment. Mr. C. concluded 
by introducing Isaac Edwards Esq., who, in a neat speech, presented 
swords, belts, &c., to Capt. Murphy and Lieut. Reed, each of whom ap- 
propriately acknowledged the compliment. Addresses were also made 
by a returned soldier, whose name we did not learn, and by H. B. Has- 
well Esq . The party then dispersed, and the company then reformed 
and marched through the grounds of Thomas W. Olcott Esq., and thence 
throughout the ward. More than twelve baskets of excellent provisions 
that had not been touched were gathered from the tables and sent to the 
barracks. The whole affair reflected credit upon the citizens of the eighth, 
and more especially upon the ladies under whose judicious management 
it was consummated. — Times. 

Aug. 17. The funeral of Lieut. James Kinnear, who died at James 
Island from wounds received at the battle of that place, took place this 
afternoon. It was attended by the 10th regiment, Col. Aiusworth, and 
by the entire fire department, who turned out with full ranks, besides 
the 1,'avidson Hose Co., an independent organization. The pall bearers 
were members of No. 6, to which company he formerly belonged. The 
funeral procession was unusually large and imposing. In the line were 
three bands of music — Schreiber's, the brigade, and Cooke's. It was a 

fitting demonstration of respect to the memory of the gallant dead 

Bishop McClosky having returned from Europe, pontifical high mass was 
celebrated at the Cathedral. The spacious edifice was crowded to its ut- 
most capacity. A very interesting discourse was preached by the bishop, 
in which he gave an account of his visit to Rome and the imposing cere- 
monials at the recent meeting of the clergy there from all parts of the 
world. The music was superb, and the exercises throughout were of the 

most interesting character George H. Morrcll died, aged 20 

Thomas P. Murphy died, aged 57 Mary, wife of Daniel Lacy, died, 

aged 50. 

Aug. 18. The ('ity of Hudson steam boat, which had been running a 
few day Ijetwcen this city and ('atskill. was taken fur government use, 



1862. Notes from the NeiD8pa])ers. 119 

much to the loss of trade and the inconvenience of residents along the 
river Lemuel Jenkins died, aged 72. 

Aug. 19. The board of supervisors held a meeting to consider the pro- 
priety of continuing the bounty of |50 to volunteers ; but on discussing 
the resolutions in favor of the measure which had been introduced, a con- 
troversy grew up about some local matters which resulted in an adjourn- 
ment without any action being taken on the business before the meeting. 

They met again in the afternoon, and voted the bounty The steam 

boat New World was disabled, on her way up the river, by the breaking 
of a crank pin, and her passengers arrived about 11 o'clock on the Heu- 

drik Hudson The 113th regiment, raised in Albany county, departed 

for Washington at 8 o'clock in the evening. The streets through which 
they marched were thronged with people, who cheered them at every 
point. The following are the officers, the lieutenant colonel not having 
been selected : Colonel, Lewis 0. Morris ; Major, Edward A. Spring- 
steed ; Adjutant, Frederick F. Tremain ; Quartermaster, Willard Smith; 
Sergeant Major, William Stevens. Line officers : Captains, Murphy, 
Jones, Morris, McCulloch, Moore, Bell, Shannon, Pruyn, Maguire, Ana- 
ble. 1st Lieutenants, Sickles, Kennedy, Rogers, Shurr, Lockrow, Wright, 
O'Hare, McEwen, Dushame, Barclay. 2d Lieutenants, Reed, Orr, Bell, 
Coulson, Mount, Mullen, Ball, Hobbs, Pettit, Krank. 

Aug. 20. Elizabeth, widow of the late John Thornton, died, aged 67. 

Aug. 22. The remains of Gen. — — - Williams, who was killed at Baton 
Rouge, passed through this city. He was born in Albany in 1815, the 
family having moved hither from Detroit at the breaking out of the war of 
1812. He was the son of Gen. John R. Williams, who emigrated to Mich- 
igan early in the pi-esent century. The deceased hero graduated at West 
Point in 1838, and served in Florida, Mexico and Utah. He held Fort 
Hatteras, N. C., until Gen. Butler's expedition was got up. He accom- 
panied that expedition, and took a leading part in all that has since been 
accomplished in that region. His remains passed through this city on 
Thursday, having arrived by the day boat en route to Detroit. Ignorance 
of the fact of their coming alone prevented proper demonstrations of re- 
spect to his memory by our citizens Margaret Van Wie died, aged 79. 

Aug. 23. AVilliam Burns died, aged 29. 

Aug. 24. Frederick Becher died, aged 71 Daniel F. Williams, re- 
cently a conductor on the Central rail road, died at Pomfret, Conn. 

Aug. 25. A large number of merchants closed their stores at 3 o'clock 

in the afternoon, to assist in recruiting for the army Julia, wife of 

John Lanigan, died, aged 67 Anna Wilbur died, aged 79. 

Aug. 27. Dier Xewton died, aged 79 years, 5 months and 21 days 

Elizabeth, wife of Dennis Donovan died, aged 32. 

Aug. 28. Lyiuan Chapin, of the late firm of Rathbone k Chapin, died 

at Long Branch, of apoplexy, af>ed 69 ..Stephen M. Clarke died, aged 

42. 

Aug. 29. Thomas Dunnigan, a sergeant in the 30th regiment, was killed 
in battle by a shot through the head. 

Aug. 30. Col. E. Frisby, of the 30th regiment, was killed in action near 
Centreville, Va. He was at the head of his regiment on the memorable 
Saturday when the second battle of Bull Run was fought, urging his men 
forward, they having received an order to charge at double quick. While 



120 Notes from the Neicsjjapers. 1862. 

thus discharging his duty a ball struck him on the lower jaw, passing 
through his face. He did not fall from his horse but grasped the reins 
firmly" Major Chrysler, noticing that his colonel had been wounded, 
hurried to his side arid said to him, " Colonel, you are hit !" Col. F., the 
blood streaming from his shattered jaw, immediately responded, " Major, 
to your post I" and, brandishing his sword, started his horse up. Scarcely 
had he uttered the words of command, when he was struck on top of the 
head with another ball, which passed through and came out on the oppo- 
site side, killing him instantly. He dropped from his horse, and the 
remnant of his regiment, which had been in the hottest of the fight, was 
forced to fall back, leaving the remains of their heroic commander on the 
field of battle. Four days after his body was interred by the surgeon of 
the 22d N. Y. S. Volunteers. When the common council committee 
reached Washington, Monday morning last, they learned that the body 
had been interred on the battle field, and that a regiment had been sent 
out to bury our dead. No intelligence was received from the regiment 
during Monday, and Col. Harcourt then resolved to go to the battle field. 
He procured the necessary passes for himself and Major Chrysler, and 
early Tuesday morning left the city in a carriage. They proceeded as far 
as Bailey's Cross Roads, where they met the regiment returning with the 
body of Col. Frisby. The body of Col. F. was found in the precise spot 
where the surgeon of the 22d stated he buried it, with a board at the head 
marked Col. Frisby. On arriving in Washington the committee at once 
made arrangements for embalming the body, a process which required 
some considerable time. They left Washington Wednesday afternoon at 
5 o'clock, and came direct to New York without stopping, arriving there 
yesterday morning, too late for the early train. The remains were re- 
moved to the Hudson river rail road depot, when the committee was in- 
formed that the body could not be sent forward without permission from 
the city inspector. Col. Harcourt, after considerable running and hard 
work, succeeded in procuring the document, and left New York. — Ex- 
press Private John McDonald, of the 30th regiment, N. Y. S. Volun- 
teers, was instantly killed in action on the oOth of August. He died as 
a true Albany boy, with his back to the field and his face to the foe, 
young, handsome and brave ; all who knew him lamented his death. 
Hardly fifteen years of age in April, '61, he marched with the 25th to 
Washington, and upon its return enlisted in the D'Epeneul Zouaves, and 
uncomplainingly shared their privations and mishaps in the voyage to 
Hatteras, and when disbanded joined the 30th regiment, in whose ranks 

he bravely battled and nobly died William Gleason died, aged 40. 

Aug. 31. This was probably the most remarkable Sunday ever witnessed 
in Albany. Large crowds of both sexes were gathered in State street, 
where Mr. Mayo, of the Unitarian church, and Messrs. Fulton and Strat- 
ton, of the Methodist church, and Hon. Clark K. Cochrane, addressed 
them. The recruiting stations were all open, and war was the universal 
theme. Bounties ran as high as #250, and a considerable number of re- 
cruits came forward and enrolled their names Harriet Van Rensselaer 

Bouw died at the Manor House, aged 21 Ellen, wife of Patrick 

Brady, died, aged 03 Ijcmuel Sherman died, aged 56 Marilla B. 

Petrie, wife of Sebastian M. Craver, died, aged 25 Christopher Little 

died, aged 65. 



1862. Notes from the Newspai^ers. 121 

Sept, 1. We make the following synopsis from the quarterly report of 
the Alms House superintendent, Mr. Owen G-olden : 

Total number of weeks' board furnished during the months of 
May, June and July, 5,717. 

Number of inmates in the institution on May 1st, 542 

Since admitted, 268 

810 
Since discharged, 398 

Remaining, 412 

Expenditures for the different months : 

May, $3,979 77 

June, 1,505 01 

July, 2,069 48 

$7,554 26 
Receipts for months of June and July, $80.60. 

The whole number of persons treated at that institution for diseases was 
342, of whom 253 were discharged, 14 died, and 75 remain. In the ly- 
ing in department there were 7 births and no deaths. In the children's 
department 69 cases were treated and 5 died. In the insane department 

33 patients were admitted, 30 were discharged and 3 died John K. 

Wylie died, jjged 33 Thomas Oliver, aged 42, fell from the pier and 

was drowned Capt. Philip S. Van Vechteu, youngest son of the late 

Teunis Ten Broeck Van Vechten, died at Shanghai, China, of dysentery. 

Sept. 2. Elizabeth Reid died, aged 79 Charles Traver died, aged 

83 Lieut. James Reid died, a member of the 25th regiment, N. Y. S. 

M., in the first three months' call. Upon the return of that regiment he 
joined the D'Epineul Zouaves as a sergeant. When that regiment was 
disbanded his company attached themselves to the 17th regiment N. Y. 
S. v., with young Reid as second lieutenant. Reid was formerly a clerk 
with Van Heusen & Charles. 

Sept. 3. Amos Adams resigned the office of chief of police, and G-eorge 

B. Johnson was elected There was a considerable frost, the first of 

the season, in the neighborhood of the city, which damaged many tender 
vines. The temperature in some places was 3 degrees below freezing 

point Captain Vanderlip, of the 44th regiment, wounded in June at 

the Hanover Court House fight, reached home badly crippled John 

Clinton De Witt died at Fairfax Seminary hospital, in Virginia, of ty- 
phoid fever, aged 25. 

Sept. 4. A fire broke out before 1 o'clock in the morning in the cooper 
shop of John Pennie Jr., in Herkimer street, which destroyed that estab- 
lishment and four houses on South Lansing street A meeting of citi- 
zens of the 4th ward was held at the Baptist Church in North Pearl 
street, where $3,100 were subscribed to the support of the families of volun- 
teers in the army Mary, wife of Peter Fitzpatrick, died George 

K. Sparhawk died, aged 2J. 

Sept. 5. Anthony Donohoe, aged 33, was killed by the ftilling of a pile 

of boards upon him at a lumber yard John Lee died, aged 06 

Beecher B. Bradwell died, aged 18 Margaret Riley died, aged 75. 

Sept. 6. William Ogden Mclntyre was drowned, aged 18 William 

P. McEwen, aged 39, died at New Orleans, where he had resided 18 years. 

Hist. Coll a. 16 



122 Notes from the Newspapers. 1862. 

Sept. 7. Isabella, wife of Samuel Paul, died, aged 53 Lieutenant 

Charles B. Pierson, of the 22d regiment, died at Washington of wounds 
received at the battle of iManassas. aged 25. He was wounded in the 
neck on Saturday, and laid on the field till the following Tuesday. His 
funeral took place here on the 15th, and was attended by Co. B and the 
Masonic fraternity. 

Sept. 9. The firemen of the city presented to the chief engineer, James 
McQuade. a silver trumpet weighing 92 ounces, value $500, as a token of 
appreciation and esteem. 

Sept. 10. William McClaskey died. 

Sept. 11. Col. George W. Pratt, of the 20th N. Y. S. Militia, died in 
this city, whence he had been brought from the battle field. His death 
resulted from paralysis caused by the explosion of a shell near his person 
in the action of August 29th, while he was gallantly leading his regiment. 
No wound was inflicted, but his whole system was paralyzed, and he was 
insensible most of the time after he was stricken down. He died at the 
residence of his mother-in-law, Mrs. Benjamin Tibbits, corner of Hawk 
and Lancaster streets. He was a young man of great promise. He had 
served as state senator with ability and integrity. He was a merchant of 
enterprise and wealth. He was of cultivated understanding and engaging 
manners. He had a knowledge of many different languages, and was a 
member of the leading scientific societies in this country and in Europe, 
and had received the degree of LL.D. from a leading German University. 
His library, in the department of eastern literature, was the best in the 
country. He had the Bible in thirty-two languages. His military am- 
bition and his patriotism called him to the field on the outbreak of the 
civil war, and he hastened to the support of the government at the head 
of the 20th regiment, of which he was colonel. He was only called to a 
three months' service ; but he enlisted for the war, and had served with 
distinction through the long campaign, when he received his fatal wound, 
on the disastrous field of Manassas. He was beloved and confided in by 
his soldiers ; and the army will miss him, for he was one of the class most 
needed — a high-toned, conscientious and gallant soldier. He was but 

thirty-two years of age. — Argus Harmin W. Visscher died at the 

hospital in Georgetown, D. C., aged 23. Upon the breaking out of the 
rebellion he joined the Burgesses Corps, and accompanied them to AVash- 
ington in defence of the national capital, where he remained until the 25th 
regiment, to which the corps was attached, was discharged. He returned 
to his home and the city of his birth full of military ardor, and the day 
previous to the departure of the 44th he joined that regiment, to which 
he was attached up to the time of his death. He was shot through the 
breast and was left on the battle field for dead, and remained there for a 
long time, until conveyed to the hospital. In a letter to his parents, dic- 
tated by himself and written by a friend, he appeared sanguine of his ulti- 
mate recovery, but a note appended by his nurse gave them but little to 
hope for. He was a true patriot and a brave soldier. He was a young man 
of excellent attainments and was universally esteemed. It may be grati- 
fying to his numerous friends to know that his mother was with him in 

his last moments The remains of Col. Frisby were brought to the city 

by steam boat, and conveyed to the residence of his family without cere- 
mony Thomas F. Finn died, aged 19. 



1862. Notes from the Newsimpers. 123 

Sept. 12. Funeral of Col. Edward Frisby. The military escort took 
the cars at North Ferry street for the cemetery. During the movement 
of the funeral cortege all places of business were closed, the flags were 
flying at half mast, the bells were tolled, and minute guns fired, the 

streets meanwhile being densely crowded with spectators William 

Nordin died, aged 32 Elizabeth C., widow of Gen. Isaac M. Scher- 

merhorn, died in New York. 

Sept. 13. John Reiley died, aged 43 Louisa Linsenboltz died, aged 20. 

Sept. 14. Rev. Daniel Waldo, from Syracuse, preached in the Second 
Presbyterian Church. He was 100 years of age on the 11th of the 
present month, and enjoying the faculties of his mind and body in vigor, 
was an extraordinary instance of human longevity, which called together 

a large and attentive audience Funeral of Col. Gr. W. Pratt. The 

day was pleasant, and an immense concourse of people were in the streets 
to witness the imposing pageant. Flags were hung at half mast; guns 
were fired during the day, and the bells were tolled during the funeral 
march. The remains were buried from St. Peter's Church, where im- 
pressive services took place, under direction of Rt. Rev. Bishops Alonzo 
and Horatio Potter. The procession moved from the church in the fol- 
lowing order : 

Detachment of Police. 
Military Escort. 
Band. 
10th Regiment, N. Y. S. N. G., including the Albany Burgesses Corps, 
Col. Ainsworth commanding. 
HEARSE, 
Flanked by Pall Bearers and the Masonic Lodge of Kingston. 
Horse of deceased, led by private servant. 
Col. Wright and Stafi". 
Brig. Gen. Sampson and StaiF. 
Historical Society of Kingston. 
Mayor and Common Council of Kingston. 
Mayor and Common Council of Albany. 
Masonic Order. 
Friends of the deceased residing in Kingston and Catskill. 
Family and friends of deceased, in carriages. 
Citizens. 
The whole was under the command of Col. Bryan, assisted by Lieut. 
Col. Chamberlain and Quartermaster Rathbone, of the 10th regiment. 
The line was formed on the south side of State street, right resting on 
Chapel street, at half past one o'clock. The procession moved down 
State street to Broadway, up Broadway to Ferry, where a halt was made 
to allow the military and other associations to take the cars for the ceme- 
tery. The steamer Manhattan arrived yesterday morning from Rondout 
with some six hundred citizens of that place, Kingston and vicinity. 
Among them were the Masonic lodges of those places, which, with the 
lodges of this city, constituted one of the most imposing features of the 
procession. The pageant was a fitting demonstration of respect to the 
memory of a young and gallant ofiicer and citizen of intellectual and 
moral worth. Following so closely upon the burial of another of Albany's 
gallant dead, it brought home, in an impressive manner, upon the citizens 



124 Notes frmn the Newspapers. 1862. 

of Albany, the horrible realities of war. — Times & Courier George 

Martin, of Co. K, 18th regiment, was shot through the heart at the battle 
of Crampton Gap. He was well known in this city. He had passed 
through all the battles of the Peninsula with McClellan's army. Ho 

leaves a wife and child and many friends to mourn his loss James 

Dignum died, aged 62. 

Sept. 15. Between 7 and 8 o'clock in the evening Archibald Young 
commenced firing a salute of one hundred guns, and at the same time all 
the bells in the city commenced ringing, in honor of the brilliant victory 
achieved by Gen. McClellan and his gallant army. The people through- 
out the city at once directed their steps towards State street, and in ten 
minutes' time that avenue was literally packed with people. Bonfires 
were kindled at diiferent points, and fireworks were discharged throughout 
the city. The bells were rung for an hour, and such a scene of wild en- 
thusiasm was never before witnessed in this city. Old and young, male 
and female, joined in the impromptu jubilee. It was an eventful occa- 
sion, one that will long be remembered, and showed how deeply all our 

people are interested in the events now transpiring. — Journal John 

C. Irvine died, aged 22. 

Sept. 16. Peter Watts died, aged 37 Honora Sullivan, wife of John 

St. Clair, died, aged 33 John McCaffrey, a lieutenant in the 104th 

regiment, died at Washington of a wound received in battle. He had 
been foreman of Engine Co. No. 12. His remains reached the city on 
the 24th, and were buried on the 26th. 

Sept. 17. The funeral of Harmin Visscher Jr. was attended by the 
Burgesses Corps and other military companies, and the entire fire de- 
partment Col. Corcoran, who had distinguished himself in the war, 

and was long detained a prisoner by the confederates, visited Albany, and 
was received at the ferry by a detachment of the 25th regiment and the 
war committee, and conducted to Congress Hall. In the evening a meet- 
ing was held in the park, which was addressed by Col. Corcoran and 

others James Lacy was killed at the battle of Antietam, in Maryland. 

He was one of the first to volunteer, and passed through the campaign on 

the peninsula David Armour, aged 21, was also killed at Antietam. 

Martin Dunn died, aged 87 James L. Maguire died, aged 23. 

Sept. 18. Margaret, wife of John Manning, died, aged 76 Mary, 

wife of John Peacock, died, aged 34 Francis L. McGuire died, aged 

23 Peter Golden died, aged 78. 

Sept. 19. Five companies, recruited in this city to fill up the 43d regi- 
ment, left in the evening for the seat of war Mrs. Jane Bogert, widow of 

Killiaen N. Van Rensselaer, late of Albany, died at Milo, Yates county, 
aged 80. 

Sept. 20. The first locomotive was put on the track of the Albany and 
Susquehanna rail road, of which about two miles of track were completed. 

A party of five soldiers from the barracks hired a coach and went to 

Troy. On their return, being intoxicated, one of them insisted on driv- 
ing, and, during a scuffle with the driver for the reins, the coach was 
backed into the canal and four of them droAvned, as well as the horses. 

The men belonged to the town of Berne Carlton Edwards died, aged 

33. He was the eldest son of James Edwards, graduated at Union Col- 
lege, and studied law; but having a predominant taste for literature, he 
abandoned the law, and in 1854 became the editor of the Albany Morning 



1862. Notes from ihe NeiDspapers, 125 

JExjjress, which he conducted with distinguished ability. He had been 
associate editor of the New York Evening Mirror^ and was afterwards one 
of the editors of the Journal of Commerce, in which position, as night 

editor, he sacrificed his health, and was cut down in the prime of life 

Rev. Joseph A. Schneller, formerly pastor of St. Mary's Church, died in 
Brooklyn, aged 66 (or 69). 

Sept. 21. The congregation of St. Paul's Church occupied their new 
house of worship in Lancaster street for the first time ; service by the 
rector. Rev. Dr. Rudder. 

Sept. 22. Clara Gannet, wife of Alonzo K. Yates, died James 

O'Hara died, aged 26 Dr. Frederick C. Adams died, aged 40 

Catharine, wife of A. D. Chadwick, died, aged o6. 

Sept. 23. Minot Henry Pease died, aged 19. He was born at Albany, 
N. Y., August 19, 1843. One month after he reached his eighteenth 
year he obtained the consent of his father to enlist, which he did at Fort 
Snelling, on the 23d of September, 1861, in Co. D, 2d regiment Minne- 
sota Volunteers. He was in the battle of Mill Springs, and was one of 
those who met the enemy face to face, and fought hand to hand over the 
fence. Lieut. Tuttle writes his father : " Your son went into the battle 
at my side, and fought like a man. He has gained a name with the 
2d regiment.'' He was also in the entrenchments at Fort Donelson, and 
brought home some trophies after presenting his officers with a handsome 
secesh port folio. He was taken with typhoid fever at Louisville, from 
which he partially recovered, and, being anxious to keep up with his regi- 
ment, joined in the march of Gen. Buel from Nashville to Pittsburg Land- 
ing, and was on that bloody field just after the fight. The fatigues and 
exposures of this forced march were too much, and he was reduced by 
chronic dysentery, and forwarded by Lieut. Moulton to the Pacific Hos- 
pital, St. Louis, with the first load of wounded from that sanguinary field. 
On the 30th of April last he obtained a furlough, and came home to die 
among his kindred. He received his discharge for disability on the 16th 
of July. Since then he has suffered extremely, and at last his disease ran 
into insanity, from which he only partially recovered, and which termi- 
nated his life. 

Sept. 24. The body of John R. Dickson was found in the river. 

Sept. 25. 100 Confederate prisoners arrived from Washington for im- 
prisonment in the Penitentiary. About 40 of them were negroes 

Richard A. Stringer, member of Co. K, Fire Zouaves, diedatsea, aged 19. 

Sept. 26. Peter Van Buren died, aged 76 James H. Monaghan 

died, aged 16. 

Sept. 27. The trial trip of the new steam boat Smith Briggs was made 
with a company of invited guests. The boat is 135 feet long, 28 feet 
beam, and 72 feet hold, and has a beam engine. 

Sept. 28. Margaret L. Kimbark, wife of Harry Gibson, formerly of 
Albany, did at New York. 

Sept. 29. Albert F. Goodwin died, aged 32 John G. Walley, of 

Co. F, 44th regiment, died at Newport, R. I , aged 20, and was buried in 
Bethlehem. 

Sept. 30. The following is the number of arrests, as reported to the 
chief of police, made by the police department of this city during the 
quarter ending September 30, 1862 : Arrests made by officers attached 



126 Notes frwn the NeiospaiJers. 1862. 

to the Police court, 431 ; First Police district, 288 ; Second Police dis- 
trict, 334 ; Third Police district, 108 ; Fourth Police district, 193 ; total, 

1,354 Charles F. Hughes died at Buffalo, and was buried from the 

house of his father-in-law, 27 Dallius street John Porter died, aged 37. 

Oct. 2. Michael Welch died, aged 89 Harriet R. Sheridan died, 

aged 32 John C Koch fell dead while at work in a foundry, from 

apoplexy. 

Oct. 4. John McCaughan died, aged 46 Margery Clary, wife of John 

Dobbs, died, aged 56 Patrick Clary was drowned by falling overboard. 

Oct. 6. Maria S. Rice, wife of William S. Gill, died, aged 34. 

Oct. 7. Caroline Lee died, aged 34 James Dorney died, aged 35. 

John Stewart died, aged 40. 

Oct. 8. Thermometer above 90 degrees; said to have been the highest 
temperature that had been known in October during 30 years. 

Oct. 9. E. A. Higham died at the hospital in Alexandria. He first 
went to the war as a member of the 25th regiment, and soon after its re- 
turn from Washington joined the 20th regiment, commanded by the late 
Col. Pratt. He was severely wounded in the leg at the last battle of Bull 
Run, and remained on the field for two days without assistance or nourish- 
ment. He was then removed to the hospital, but all eff"orts to enable him 
to rally sufficiently to admit of amputation proved unavailing. 

Oct. 10. A number of boys playing war near St. Joseph's Church 
broke one of the splendid windows representing the immaculate concep- 
tion, presented by Peter Cagger Esq. — Standard A fire took place 

in the frame building corner of Quay and Maiden lane, which was much 

damaged Robert Smith, one of the oldest engineers on the rail road 

from this city to Boston, died at Greenbush, aged 45. He was reared 
among the Thousand islands, in the St. Lawrence, and was in the battle 
of the Windmill in the Patriot war, as it was called, in 1838. 

Oct. 11. Ann Delehanty died, aged 61 James A. Gibson died in 

New York, aged 57. He was formerly a pilot on the Hudson river, and 
was interred here. 

Oct. 12. The State Street Presbyterian Church was dedicated. It was 
first opened for the purpose at 7:30 p. M. The service was begun by an 
invocation by Rev. Dr. Seelye, of the 4th Presbyterian Church ; then fol- 
lowed a hymn ; residing of the Scriptures by the Rev. Dr. Halley, of the 
3d Presbyterian Church ; dedicatory prayer by the Rev. Dr. Campbell, 
of the 1st Presbyterian Church ; hymn ; sermon by the pastor, the Rev, 
A. S. Twombly ; prayer by the Rev. Dr. Palmer, of the Congregational 

Church ; hymn ; benediction The remains of Lieut. McConnell, of 

Co. K, 63d regiment, N. Y. S. V., who was killed at Antietam, arrived 
in this city and were interred in Cathedral cemetery. He was adjutant 
of the regiment at the time of his death Moses Doyle died, aged 68. 

Oct. 13. Lewis Slawson died, aged 24. 

Oct. 14. IMary Thompson died, aged 60 Hannah Redden died, aged 

21 Margaret Hamilton died, aged 26 Catharine Dempsey died, 

aged 26 John Cowieson died at Havana, Cuba, aged 27. 

Oct. 15. William F. Campion, killed at the battle of Antietam, was 
buried from the residence of his father. He was a member of Co. B, 8th 

regiment Ohio Volunteers, and was 23 years of age Jane Walsh died, 

aged 27. 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 127 

Oct. 16. Capt. Kimball left the city with his company, composed of 
Normal school students principally, to join the 44th or Ellsworth regi- 
ment. This was a soldierly body of men, and numbered over 100 

John Doran died, aged 28. 

Oct.17. MichaelBarry died, aged 39 Lawrence Pickett died, aged GO. 

Oct. 18. Lizzie J. Baldwin died, aged 26 Mary Leath, wife of 

Joseph Courtney, died, aged 37 Margaret M., wife of Theodore W. 

Sanders, formerly of this city, died at Saratoga, Howard county, Iowa. 

Oct. 19. At the close of the exercises of the State Street Presbyterian 
sabbath school, the superintendent announced that ten of the scholars had 
joined the 10th regiment, and they were each presented with a Bible and 

rubber blanket Stephen C. Kellum died, aged 49 Louisa, wife 

of Charles D. P. Townsend, died, aged 25. 

Oct. 20. Jaranah, widow of Alexander McLeod, died, aged 95 

Lany, wife of John Smith, fell dead, supposed from heart disease. 

Oct. 21. St. Paul's Church, in South Pearl street, was sold by auction 
to Solomon Luke, at $14,900. The building occupied the whole lot, 65 
feet 5 inches front and rear, and 116 feet deep from Pearl to William st. 

Oct. 24. The 162d regiment, N. Y. S. Volunteers, left Biker's island 
for the seat of war, under Col. Lewis Benedict, Lieut. Col. J. W. Blanch- 

ard and Major James H. Bogert, Albanians Maria Hilton, wife of 

Matthew Hendrickson, died, aged 54 Bridget, wife of Hugh McCann, 

died Jane, wife of Theophilus Irwin, died, aged 72. 

Oct. 25. The post office was removed from the Exchange Building to 
No. 64 State street, for the purpose of making changes in the interior ar- 
rangements of the former edifice for better accommodations. 

Oct. 26. Rev. John Miles, who some time before took his second leave 
of the Bethel on account of ill health, resumed his position there, and 
preached to a numerous congregation. When he first went into the 
Bethel it was in a populous portion of the city, and 3Iontgomery street 
was a desirable avenue for residences ; but now the Central rail road had 
bought up and demolished almost everything in that region but the 

Bethel, which was owned by Clark Durant, and could not be bought 

Mary, wife of Michael Simon Buckley, died, aged 37 John Ellis died, 

aged 20 Funeral of James DeLacey, killed in battle Inquest on 

the body of Catharine Harrington, aged 23; verdict, an over dose of 
laudanum Frances Poland died, aged 46. 

Oct. 27. Mary, wife of William Little, died, aged 35. 

Oct. 28. Thomas Higgins died, aged 42; formerly alderman 

Geoge W. Gladding died, aged 50 Patrick McLaughlin died, aged 

75 Catharine McGinn, wife of Owen Golden, died Martha, wife 

of Charles K. Tibbitts, died, aged 20. 

Oct. 29. The following will serve to illustrate the rise which took place 
in a great many articles of necessity and luxury: For once Albany has 
gained an advantage over Troy. Tobacco took a sudden rise yesterday. 
Some Albany dealers got wind of the fact, came to Troy, and bought all 
the solace tobacco in the hands of our retail dealers at S6 per gross. This 
was a good price for yesterday; to-day the article is valued at $12 per 
gross. Nearly every tobacconist sold out to the Albanians, who made the 
plausible excuse for their wholesale operation that they were anxious to 
fill a large order without going to New York. Smokers and chewers look 



128 



Notes from the Neiuspapers. 



1862. 



rather blue to-day, as tliey have to pay about one third more than the 

usual price for their cigar and quid. — Troy Times Patrick Farrell 

died, aged 70 Hugh McCafferty died at Brooklyn, aged 30. 

Oct. 30. Nicholas Bensen died, aged 52 Harvey Barnard, formerly 

of Albany, died at Utica, aged 62. 

Oct. 31. Betsey Cooper died, aged 76 Bernard McClaskey died, 

aged 45 Esther, wife of Capt. Demming, died at Jersey City, aged 60. 

°Xov. 1. A few days of most beautiful autumnal weather, thus alluded 
to by the editor of the Times and Courier : "The halcyon days of the 
Indian summer are upon us. The hazy atmosphere, the subdued and soft- 
ened sunlio'ht, and the balmy air, all betoken the approach of those sweet 
days denominated Indian summer. Earth and air, water and sky, as well 
as leaf and fruit, all show the appearance of this delightful but brief 
season of the year, which, although all nature wears a melancholy look, 
is still like a dream of summer. No portion of the world but the North 
American continent is favored with this brief interlude of sunshine and 

calm before the commencement of stern and hungry winter." DeWitt 

C. Ramsay died, aged 23. 

Nov. 2. Mary Donoher died, aged 20. 

Nov. 4. State election ; Horatio Seymour and the democratic candi- 
dates throughout the city and county elected by considerable majorities. 
Erastus Corning received 15,715 votes for congress, and was elected by a 
majority of 5,050. The following is the ofl&cial canvass : 





=2 






a 






ls 






a 








1 


^ 




H 




i 








u 






WARDS AKD TOW:SS. 


II 

a 

1 


1 


1 


1 


li 


1 
1 





i 

11 




a 

6 
3 


11 

.25 


1" 


1 


WARDS. 


















690 75 


615 


690 
656 
596 
291 


74 
169 


616 

487 


689 


75 


614 
494 
431 
1.52 


658 
596 
291 


74 
191 
174 
145 


615 


S D ... 


659: 168: 491 
596: 164 432 

291 144 147 


6.58 164 
595 164 
291 139 


467 


2d Wara, E. D 


1631 433 

144 147 


4'?2 


W.D 


146 


3d W^ard E D 


342! 97! 245 
502 249 253 
299; 157! 142 


34:: 


96 247 


342 93 


249 
251 
144 


341 
502 
295 


96 
251 
156 


"45 


W. D 


504' 257: 247 1 502; 251 


251 


4th Ward, E. D 


2971 157 140 


! 298 154 


138 


W.B ... 


44.3, 245 I92I1 443' 2491 191 


443 234 

1.37i 38 


208 
99 


443 
1.37 


247 
51 


194 


5th Ward, E. D 


1341 491 84 


136 i 51 85 


K5 


W.D 


203 107: 96 
6261 308 317 


205 1 109 96 
625 307 1 317 


204 1 99 

626 287 


105 
.3.39 


205 
627 


108 
,314 


97 


6th Ward 


.313 


7th Ward, E. D 


519! 94 425 


519 95 424 


5191 84 


435 


517 


99 


4-A5 


W. D 


55C 166; ,3.34 


549 165 384 


5.50: 1r,4 


396 
369 

477 


547 
754 
636 


163 


384 


8th Ward, N. D 


758 
640 


402 i .356 


760 4011 359 :i 7551 386 
640 171 1 468 639! 162 


374 


S. D 


171 


469 


4.57 


9th Ward, E. D 


424 


25S 


166 


425 258! IU7I 424 214 


179 


42S 


27t 


144 


M.D 


. 493 


21 IS 


2S4 


490 208: 282 ; 493 20-^ 


2.S9 


491 


202 




yv.T) 


551 


205 


346 


551 205! 346;! 551 i 201 


3.50 


551 


205 


,346 


lOth Ward, E. D 


534 


2.S.S 


245 


5.33 287, 246,! 536 2SC 


256 


532 


28^ 


248 


M. 1) 


498 


235 


259 


494 2411 252, i 496 23(. 


266 


496 


23H 


257 


W D. 


580 
10332 


|287 
'4-^7 


j 291 
6239 


580 288, 292 ) 580 1 282 
10327,4095 6226' 1 10328 3925 


6-100 


580 
10311 


295 
4124 


"83 




6179 




1 


1 16 


1. 


lol- 


3 






1 8 





















.Charles C. Mosely died, aged 39. 



1862. Notes from the Neiospapers. 129 

Nov. 6. Joseph Winsby died. 

Nov. 7. The large steam boats Isaac Newtou, on her trip up, and the 
New World, on her trip down, grounded near each other on the bar at 

Coeymans, and did not get off till afternoon About 2 o'clock in the 

afternoon a snow storm began, which increased in fury till night, when 
several inches of snow had fallen, and the wind cast it into heaps. The 
storm began at Boston and Washington at 7 o'clock in the morning. Rail 
roads and steam boats were for the time obstructed by the storm and low 
water. This storm began in Georgia, where it fell on the 26th October ; 
reached Virginia November 2, and extended to Canada ; and from the 
Atlantic 500 miles inland. The following record of snow and ice was 
given in the Evening Journal at this time. It will be found to disagree 
somewhat with the observations published in the Annals : 

First Snow. First Ice. 

1848, November 7 November 8. 

1849, " 2. 

1850, " 17.... " 10. 

1851, " 4 " 11. 

1852, " 14 " 21. 

1853, " 7 " 6. 

1854, " 15 , " 5. 

1855, October 25 " 22. 

1858, Novemberl5 " 12. 

1859, October 26 October 21. 

1861, November 15. 

After all these dates, at which the temperature fell to the ice and snow 
point, or several degrees below it, there followed a term of genial and 
delightful weather, interrupted only by an occasional short storm, during 
which the range of the thermometer was near twenty degrees higher — 
say about 50 degrees at midday. 

Nov. 8. The snow of the previous day resolved into a slight rain, and 

the fleecy deposit nearly disappeared under a modified temperature 

Patrick Clark died, aged 23. 

Nov. 9. Kev. C D. W. Bridgman, who had accepted the call to the 
pastorate of the Pearl Street Baptist Church, preached his introductory 

sermon Mrs. H. A. Edmonds died, aged 31 Catharine, wife of 

John Savage, died, aged 31 Emma Jane Thomas died, aged 16. 

Nov. 10. Emily Tuttle died, aged 18 : Leonard da Boy died, aged 

66 Mary Meads died, aged 53. 

Nov. 11. At the annual meeting of the Albany County Medical Society, 
the following officers were elected for the ensuing year : Dr. Howard 
Townsend, president; Dr. Joseph Lewi, vice president; Dr. Oscar H. 
Young, secretary; Dr. Henry March, treasurer ; Dr. John V.Lansing, 
delegate to State Medical Society ; Dr. F. G. Mosher, Dr. J. M. De La 
Mater, and Dr. John P. Whitbeck, delegates to American Medical Asso- 
ciation; Dr. L. G. Warren, Dr. Levi Moore, and Dr. Samuel H. Free- 
man, censors Stephen R. White, of the marine artillery, died of 

malarious fever at Roanoke Island, N. C., aged 22. 

Nov. 12. Eunice Featherley died, aged 82 Rev. Tobias Spicer 

Hist. Coll a. 17 



130 Notes from the Newspapers. 1862. 

died at Troy, aged 75 Jacob Van Alen, of Co. 8,_ 113th regiment, 

N. Y. S. v., died in hospital near Washington of typhoid fever. 

Nov. 13. At a stated meeting of the St. Andrew's Society, held at the 
American Hotel, November 13, 18G2, the following persons were elected 
for the ensuing year : James Duncan, president; Thomas McCredie, 1st 
vice president; Donald McDonald, 2d vice president; Rev. E. Halley, 
D.D., chaplain ; Dr. L. G. Warren, physician ; James Nelson, treasurer ; 
Peter Smith, secretary; John McHafBe, assistant secretary; James Dick- 
son, Hugh Dickson, William Manson, Daniel Cameron, Robert McHaffie, 

managers James Tomlinson died, aged 26 Henry Dwight died, 

aged 50 Amos Adams, late sheriff of Albany county and chief of 

police, died, aged 61. 

Nov. 14. William E. Brown, who had been in the service of the Cen- 
tral rail road company several years, died after a short illness. He was 
telegraph operator at the freight depot, and much respected. 

Nov. 15. The religious society worshiping for the last few months in 
Gibson's Hall, No. 1 Clinton avenue, under the name of Congregational 
Methodists, have recently held a meeting and unanimously resolved to 
connect themselves with the Congregational church. This society is com- 
posed mostly of persons who were not satisfied with the itinerant and 
episcopal features of the Methodist Episcopal church, and left that con- 
nection last spring, formed the present organization, and have since been 
worshiping at the above named place. Since their separation they have 
received several members by letter from other Evangelical churches, and 
number now over seventy members. Finding the articles of faith which 
they have accepted to be essentially the same as those of the Congrega- 
tional church, they have, for purposes of Christian fellowship and useful- 
ness, with perfect unanimity, concluded to apply ft)r reception and recog- 
nition by the Congregational association of churches. Their present place 
of worship, though small and inconvenient of access, is comfortable. 
They have a good and growing congregation, a thrifty and well conducted 
sabbath school, which is well supplied with books and papers, and an 
earnest corps of teachers. The choir numbers about twenty well disci- 
plined and excellent singers, under the conductorsbip of R. J. Patton, 
most of them having been his pupils for several years, and under whom 
it has become one of the best choirs of the city. This society will he 
hereafter known as the Second Congregational Church of Albany. Rev. 

R. B. Stratton is the pastor Mary Ann Boardmau died, aged 58 

Samuel R. Swain died at Warrenton Junction, Va., aged 17. 

Nov. 16. The Cathedral was densely crowded on the occasion of the 
blessing of the bells for the Cathedral chimes. The interesting ceremo- 
nials were witnessed with profound interest by the vast audience. A 
large number of clergymen assisted, and Bishop McCloskey preached a 
most elegant and appropriate sermon, explanatory of the origin and offices 
of church bells. The text was taken from a portion of Psalms, 28th. 
No. 1. E Flat; weight 3,042 lbs.; inscription: '•'• Johan: ep : Alhan : 
om : benefac : nostr : 2Jax." No. 2. F ; weight 2,188 lbs. ; inscription : 
" ^. F. Wadhams, past: jEdit:" and name of committee. No. 3. G; 
weight 1,558 lbs.; inscription: " aS. Joseph, in IwrCi mort : ora pro 
nobis." No. 4. A Flat; weight 1,199 lbs. ; inscription : " Ex dono praet : 
ct concil : com: Alban." No. 5. B Flat; weight 896 lbs.; inscription: 



1862. Notes from the Neiospapers. 131 

" SS. Mlcliael Angeliq: oust: ad clef en : nost : venite." No. 6. C; 
weight G68 lbs. ; inscription : " S. Patricii laiides sono." No. 7. D ; 
weight 452 lbs.; inscription: ^^ Laudate pueri Bominum." No 8. E 
Flat; weight 366 lbs. ; inscription: ^'- Festa decor o." In addition to the 
above, for the purpose of giving greater scope to the ringer of the chime, 
another bell is cast, called a flat seventh ; the letter is D Flat ; weight 560 
lbs. ; and it bears the following patriotic inscription :_ '■'■Domine salv : 
fac Rempuhlicam." The religious service of blessing the chime of bells 
at the Cathedral was performed by the Right Rev. Bishop McCloslcey, as- 
sisted by the reverend clergy of the city. The service commenced by 
singing selections of the Psalms of David, in which God is asked to for- 
give us our sins and to sanctify the hearts of his people by the infusion of 
the Holy Spirit. During the recital of the Psalms by the bishop and 
clergy and the singing of the choir, water was blessed for the washing of 
the bells. This lustration reminds us of the virtue of purity, which we 
received in the regenerating waters of baptism, and admonishes us that as 
the inanimate sound, which is to declare the praises of God, comes from 
bells consecrated by holy rites to his service, so must we appear before 
him with pure hearts. After this purification the bishop anointed the 
outside of the bells seven times, in allusion to as many hours of prayer to 
which Christians are called at difi'erent hours, and he anointed them four 
times within, to indicate that the sound of bells, like the preaching of the 
apostles, is to go forth to the four parts of the earth — "Their sound has 
gone forth into all lands, and their words unto the ends of the world." — 
Ps. xviii, 5. The incense which is burned during the service of the conse- 
cration signifies that our prayers and the sweet odor of a holy life should as- 
cend like incense, continually to the throne of God. At the end the deacon 
sings the gospel which treats of Martha receiving our Lord into her home 
and entertaining him there, while her sister Mary sat at his feet to hear 
his words. Thereby we are taught to hear cheerfully the word of God in 
the church, to which we are summoned by the sound of the bells. 

Nov. 17. Joseph Lacy, the brave drummer boy who accompanied the 
25th regiment, and afterwards the Ellsworths, to the seat of war, who was 
present at all the battles of the Peninsula, died at the United States Hos- 
pital in Newark, N. J., of chronic diarrhoea, contracted last summer, aged 
18. His body was brought to this city, and the funeral took place from St. 

Patrick's Church Mary Ann Lynch died, aged 27 Heinrich Gar- 

raht died, aged 39. 

Nov. 18. Rachel Anna, widow of Edwin T. Bedell and daughter of 
Philip Phelps, died, aged 32. 

Nov. 19. George N. Westeen died, aged 55 Edward Owens died, 

aged 53. 

Nov. 20. The initiatory movement for establishing a new theatre in this 
city was made. A large number of our most wealthy and enterprising 
citizens assembled at the Delavan House, when the meeting was organized 
by the appointment of Dr. Thomas Hun chairman, and Jacob I. Werner 
secretary. The object of the meeting was briefly stated by the chair, and 
the following committee appointed to forward the same : Messrs. Peter 
Cagger, Alfred Wild, W. L. Learned, Howard King and E. Corning Jr. 

Nov. 21. Lawrence Noud died, aged 62 John Dowd died, aged 23. 

Nov. 22. A second meeting of citizens favorable to the erection of a 



132 Notes from the Neicspapers. 1862. 

theatre, was held at the Delavan House, to hear the report of the commit- 
tee appointed at the previous meeting. Dr. Hun presided. After a full 
and free interchange of views, it was resolved that a committee of twelve 
be appointed to solicit subscriptions to a capital stock of $30,000, for the 
purpose of erecting an Academy of Music ; that the committee proceed 
at once to work, and that application be made to the legislature for an act 
of incorporation. The committee consisted of Peter Cagger, J. Howard 
King, Alfred Wild, E. Corning Jr., Paul Cushman, C. W. Armstrong, R. 
L. Johnson, A. Van Vechten, William H. Taylor, Dr. L. E.. Herrick, 

James Kidd and H. J. Hastings Thomas Westrop died in Troy, aged 

26, and was buried on the 24th from the patroon's. 

Nov. 23. Georgiana G. Baldwin, wife of Myron D. Chapman, died, aged 

17 C. C. Barnhart, formerly of Albany, died at Finley Hospital, 

Washington, from the etfects of a wound received in camp. 

Nov. 24. The weather Saturday was quite as disagreeable as during the 
rest of the week. It did not rain quite as hard, but there was a good 
amount of drizzle, and a superabundant supply of mud. Saturday morn- 
ing nearly all the places of business on the docks and piers were inun- 
dated. The freshet had reached its height at midnight, and at sunrise 
began to abate, and continued slowly to recede during the day. Yester- 
day morning the water was off the pier, and nearly oflF the docks, and 
continued to fall steadily all of yesterday. The atmosphere was cool, and 
ice formed during the night. We had the satisfaction of seeing sunshine 

again, a luxury we had not enjoyed for some days post The following 

report of the finance committee was made to the common council : 
The amount necessary to be raised for the contingent expenses of 

the city for the ensuing year, ending October 31st, 1863, will be.. $44,000 

For expenses of the Fire department 23,000 

For making, cleaning, &c., wells and pumps 500 

For street contingents 12,000 

$79,500 
Amount authorized to be raised by law contingents are. 30,000 

Leaving a deficiency of $49,500 

The amount that will be required for procuring, lighting and re- 
pairing the public lamps will be $23,000 

Amount authorized to be raised by law 12,000 

Leaving a deficiency of $13,000 

The aggregate amount of apportionments and assessments con- 
firmed during the year ending October 31st, 1862, as per report 

of Chamberlain, made to the common council, is $8,108 76 

The receipts within the year on account of same are 4,012 92 

Amount unpaid $4,095 84 

Estimated receipts to close of municipal year 595 84 

Deficiency $3,-500 00 

The amount required for temporary out door relief of poor $25,000 

For payment on account of interest on the public debt 28,000 

On account of annual contributions to the sinking fund 10,'000 

For support public schools, pursuant to chap. 516, laws of 1855.. Sl'oOO 



1862. . Notes from the News'pafpers. 133 

The following is the amount required for school purposes for ensuino- 
year, exclusive of our share of the state moneys : 

For teacher's wages $21,000 

Text books and stationery 250 

Out buildings, fences, walks, &c 1,500 

Ordinary repairs 1,200 

Insurance 200 

Fuel 1,500 

Secretary's salary 200 

Contingent expenses, including heaters, wall slate, furniture, clean- 
ing 2,500 

Lot purchased in April, 18G2 for School No.l 1,235 

Deficiency for extraordinary repairs last year 1,415 



Total $31,000 

Nov. 25. Conrad Shafer, sexton of Second Presbyterian Church, died, 
aged 63 Ellen, wife of Patrick Harrigan, died, aged 37. 

Nov. 26. Edward W. Langrish died, aged"28 Warren Fuller died, 

aged 79. 

Nov. 27. A fire at 624 Broadway, a little past 2 o'clock in the morning, 
destroyed a large part of the stock of boots and shoes in the store of 

J. Lemoges ; loss estimated at $2,500, partly insured James Hig- 

ham died at Richmond, Texas, of consumption. 

Nov. 28. John Edwards died, aged 32. 

Nov. 29. Amanda Smith died, aged 63. 

Dec. 1. Frederick Moulds died, aged 44 Mary Adams, wife of 

B. P. Johnson, died, aged 55 Mrs. James Ballentine died, aged 38. 

Frederick Cook died, aged 49. 

Dec. 2. Peter H. Mayer died, aged 63. 

Dec. 3. John V. K. Bennett died, aged 37 Margaret Cruise died, 

aged 88 Margaret Scott died, aged 21. 

Dec. 4. Margaret Dolan died, aged 63 Mrs. Mary Millerd, widow 

of the late Almon H. Millerd, one of the first settlers of Lockport, died in 
this city, aged 75. 

Dec. 5. The St. George's Society, at a meeting held for the purpose of 
aiding the Lancashire operatives, appointed committees to receive sub- 
scriptions, and raised $450 among its own members as a beginning 

Wm. Jones died, aged 37 Adele D., wife of Isaac F. Waldron, died, 

aged 22 Alfred Southwick, youngest son of Solomon Southwick, died, 

aged 51 Cornelius O'Brien died at the hospital; a soldier in the 113th 

regiment William Jones died, aged 27. 

Dec 6. The horse rail road through Broadway, which every body ex- 
pected to see completed before winter should set in, was brought to a stand 
by a difi"erence between the company and the contractors about the quality 

of the timber used to lay the iron rails upon James B. Riley died at 

Detroit Isabella Forbes died, aged 67. 

Dec. 7. The chime bells were first rung in the Cathedral for the after- 
noon service A fire in Washington street damaged Houck's Hotel; 

some of the inmates had a narrow escape with their lives The canals 

and river were closed by ice. The snow storm on the 5th was followed by 
a cold wind, and the mercury fell to 6°. Skating was first enjoyed this 
day. It was the most sudden suspension of navigation that had been 
known for many years. The two large boats were grounded and frozen 



134 Notes from the Neivs})a]_)ers. 1862. 

in on tlie Castleton bar, and liuudrecls of boats of all kinds, and sloops, 
laden for New York, were unexpectedly laid up to await a change of 

weather, with very little probability of its being such as they desired 

Kate Cameron died, aged 26. 

Dec. 8. Bartholomew Dinnan died, aged 55. 

Dec. 9. The Second Congregational Church was formally recognized. 
Michael Clancy died, aged 48. 

Dec. 10. The llev. Eufus W. Clark, D. D , was installed pastor of the 

North Dutch Church George B. Fredendall died in hospital of fever, 

at Fort Pennsylvania. He was a member of Capt- N. B. Moore's company, 

Ejlloth regiment John F. Strain, formerly captain of the llepublican 

Artillery, died. 

Dec. 11. HonoraMuUany died, aged GO Elizabeth, wife of George 

P. Remmey, died, aged o8 liobert J. Simpson died, aged 18 John 

Klump died. 

Dec. 12. The atmosphere was w^arm and spring like, and the ice in the 
river wasted so rapidly that the steam boats succeeded in forcing a pas- 
sage through the barriers, and opened communication with New York, 
which released a large fleet of loaded vessels of all kinds Walter Bur- 
ton died in New York, aged 29 Edward A. Thornton died, aged 34. 

Dec. 13. David W. Martin Jr. died, aged 23. 

Dec. 14. The following is a statement of the assessed and equalized 
valuation of the real and personal property in this county, for the present 
fiscal year : 

Assessed Valuation. 

Real. Personal. Total. 

1st AVard, $1,023,080 $13,000 $1,030,080 

2d " 1,172,800 18,139 1,190,939 

3d " 1,587,412 194,200 1,781,612 

4tli " 3,152,515 997,183 4,149,698 

5tli " 3,577,998 3,205,646 6,783,644 

Gtli " 1,960,828 276,293 2.243,121 

7tli " 1,249,070 51,686 1,300,756 

8tli " 1,263,975 53,200 1,317,175 

9th " east Partridge St., 1,928,460 140,900 2,069,360 

Oth " west do. to AUeu, 11,705 11,705 

9tli " westofAlleu, 55,940 26,363 82,303 

lOth " east of Partridge, 2,765,165 127,500 2,892,665 

10th " west do. to Allen, 25,900 25,900 

10th " west of Allen, 73,910 73,910 

Total of City, $19,854,758 $5,104,110 $24,958,868 

^^yff', $381,899 $84,891 466,790 

i>ethlehem, 1,898,805 149,680 2,048,784 

Loeymans, 1,024,875 185,919 1,210,794 

Guilderland, 740,780 71,272 812,052 

Knox 271,365 67,842 339,207 

Newfecotland 1,069,399 98,060 1,168,059 

Rensse aerviUe, 589,945 155,477 745,422 

VVestcrlo, 558,520 121,958 680,478 

,/^?m ' 2,1.54,480 311,400 2,465,880 

^f *^ ^^°y 1,134,620 421,765 1,556,385 

^°^«®S' 1,714,688 89,950 1,804,638 

Total of Towns $11,539,376 $1,758,814 $13,298,190 



1862. Notes from the Neiosjxqyers. 135 

Equalized Valuation. 

Cily, 

Berne, 

Betlilehem, 

Coeymans, o5 50 

Guilderland, 

Knox, 

New Scotland 

Rensselaerville, 

Westerlo, 

Watervlict, , 

West Troy, 

Coboes, 



Per acre. 


Real. 


Personal. 




$19,854,758 


$5,104,110 


$17 00 


664,071 


84,891 


57 50 


1,919,178 


149,680 


35 50 


1,088,395 


185,919 


37 50 


1,223,250 


71,272 


18 00 


471,066 


67,842 


38 00 


1,371,800 


98,660 


18 50 


681,281 


155,477 


20 50 


725,762* 


121,958 


GO 00 


2,164,054 


311.400 




1,134,620 


421,765 




1,714,688 


89,950 



Total (towns), $13,158,105 $1,758,814 

Total (city), 19,854,758 5,104,110 



Grand Total, $33,012,863 $6,862,924 

Nelson Beardsley died, aged 50 Anua J., widow of Estes Howe, 

and daughter of Elias Willard, died in Buffalo, aged 75 Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Spaulding died, aged 78. 

Dec. 16. The 10th regiment, Col. Ainsworth, left the city for the seat 

of war Mary Ann, wife of Patrick Cohen, died, aged 28 Wm. 

Geroghty died, aged 42. 

Dec. 18. A. C. Vie, private in Co. B, 3d Reg., died of disease of the heart 
at Fortress Monroe, and was buried on the 22d in this city. 

Dec. 19. The river was again closed by the inclemency of the previous 
night, all along in front of the city, although one boat succeeded in driv- 
ing through the ice, and escaped. Navigation was otherwise completely 
suspended, the ferry boat moving with great difficulty. 

Dec. 20. Jacob Wentworth, a well known fifer, residing at No. 117 
Orange street, was found on Saturday night lying on the sidewalk near 
the corner of Orange and Hawk streets in a helpless condition. He was 
picked up by some passers by and carried to his residence, where he died 

almost immediately, from intemperance and exposure, aged 65 Francis 

Duncan died, aged 22. 

Dec. 21. The weather since the 19th has been exceedingly cold. Satur- 
day morning, the 20th. the mercury marked seven degrees below zero, 
at the patroon's mansion, and in various localities it was down to three 
and four. During Saturday night the blasts from the north were exceed- 
ingly cutting, and at night those only could be found on the street who 
had business requiring their attendance out of doors. The mercury yes- 
terday morning was four degrees below zero, and, although the sun shone 
clearly throughout the day, the atmosphere was very keen and cutting. 

— Express Ezra T. Gilman, member of Co. B, 4od Reg., died, aged 

18 Sarah, widow of Russell Forsyth, died, aged 78. 

Dec. 22. Capt. John Sullivan died. The circumstances attending the 
death of this gallant and much regretted officer are peculiarly afflicting. 
He had escaped without a scratch the bloody field of Antietam, and in 
the terrible slaughter before the enemy's works back of Fredericksburg, 
he also escaped uninjured; but while marching at the head of the rem- 
nant of his regiment, in the afternoon of this fatal day, it was ordained 



136 Notes from the Newspapers. 1862. 

that he should fall. He was struck on the upper part of the right thigh 
by a round shot (12-pounderj, shockingly fracturing the bone, rendering 
amputation impossible. He was told by the attending surgeon that he 
must die ; that if the limb was disjointed at the hip he could not survive 
the operation. He received the solemn announcement with the courage 
and firmness for which he was distinguished in the fearful ordeals he had 
passed through, and declared he would not consent to lose the limb, but 
''would prefer to die with both legs on.'' He lived about fifty hours 
after receiving his wound, when his gallant spirit forsook its frail tene- 
ment and sped its way to brighter realms. No officer in the Irish 
brigade was more sincerely loved or respected than Capt. John Sullivan. 
By his cheerful and unassuming manners he endeared himself to all, and 
in the 63d regiment his loss is deeply and sincerely deplored. His body 
was embalmed, and his friends telegraphed to of the melancholy event. 
His relative, Mr. Michael Crummey, immediately proceeded to the camp, 
near Falmouth, to perform the melancholy duty of taking it home. The 
respect he was held in by the brigade was evinced by their spontaneous 
turn out at his funeral. The remnant of the officers and men of the 
69th, 88th, 28th Massachusetts, 116th Pennsylvania and 63d, formed the 
escort from the camp to the cars. The following officers acted as pall- 
bearers: Capt. Saunders commanding 69th, and Quartermaster Sullivan, 
same regiment; Capt. McNamara commanding 116th, Capt. Smith com- 
manding 88th, and Capts. Cartwright and Gleason, of the 63d. Lieut. 
Col. Cartwright and officers of the 26th Massachusetts were among the 
others of the brigade who followed in the sad cortege, testifying by their 
presence their admiration of the gallant dead, and sympathy with their 

brothers of the 63d in the loss of a true and brave soldier Walter 

Burns died, aged 39 Sally F. Romaine died, aged 81 Wm. Mont- 
gomery died at Island Hall hospital, Washington, aged 21, and was 
buried on the 31st. 

Dec. 23. Dr. Barney Fairfield died, aged 81. 

Dec. 25. Christmas morn was ushered in by a peal of bells, which was 
followed by the ringing of the chimes in the Cathedral. This occurred 
immediately after the striking of the clock at midnight. About 5 o'clock 
the Cathedral bells again pealed and chimed, thus calling the worship- 
ers to mass. The Cathedral was handsomely decorated with evergreens 
and flowers, in conformity to a time honored custom in the Roman 
Catholic churches. The services during the day, morning and afternoon, 
were of a character in keeping with the day — one of the greatest festi- 
vals observed by Catholics. The singing and music were of a high order, 
under the direction and management of R. J. Carmody. Before each of 
the services the chime of bells, with their iron tongues, reminded near 
and distant hearers of the Vesper hymn, the Portuguese hymn, and other 
tunes of ancient origin. The services of the day closed with vespers. 
At St. Joseph's church there was a high mass performed, in which large 
and eifective choir participated. In all the other Catholic churches the 
usual services of the day were performed, and all were decorated with 
evergreens. All the Episcopal churches in the city were open for 
morning services, and in several the services denoted unusual preparation. 
St. Peter's, as usual, took the lead in every particular. The edifice was 
tastefully adorned with evergreens and flowers. The chancel, communion 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 137 

table and the christening fonts were adorned with flowers of exquisite 
beauty and fragrance, and so beautifully arranged as to attract the 
attention of the most indifferent spectator. In the services of the day, 
the rector and assistant rector, Ilev. Messrs. Wilson and Tatlock, each 
participated, A good portion of the service was chanted and sung by a 
powerful and effective choir, under the direction of Mr. Marsh. The 
closing services of the day — the administration of the Lord's supper, 
were solemn, interesting and highly appropriate ; a fitting close of the 
celebration of the birth of Christ." St. Paul's church was neatly trimmed 
with evergreens. The services of the day were rendered by the rector, 
the Rev. Dr. Rudder. In the other ]<]piscopal and Dutch Reformed 
churches the services were in keeping with the day and the occasion. 
The occasion was also observed by some of the other churches, mainly 
by festive gatherings of the sabbath school children, to pluck the fruit 
of heavily laden Christmas trees, and by other appropriate exercises. 
The Second Congregational society, and the sabbath school connected 
therewith, met on Thursday evening at Gibson's Hall, to observe their 
first Christmas holiday. The pastor, officers of the school and choir, 
were all appropriately remembered. The smiling faces of the children 
was a sufficient reward for the labor of the superintendent, teachers and 
friends. The music at Grace church on Christmas morning was of the 
highest order, and was admirably performed by a double quartette choir, 
the solos being arranged by Mrs. Baker, Mrs. Colvin, Mr. Keith and Mr. 
Headlara. We were particularly pleased with the antiphonal chanting 
of the Psalter, and the Christmas cantata. The whole service was church- 
like, and the most complete ever performed in this city Mary 

Milham died, aged 74 John Murphy, an old fireman, familiarly 

known aa Deacon^ died, and was buried from the Cathedral on Sunday 
the 28th. 

Dec. 26. Sarah, wife of Frederick Coleman, died, aged 40 E. Wil- 

lard Trotter died. 

Dec. 27. Orderly Sergeant Charles Osborn, Co. K, 77th regiment, N. 
Y. S. v., of Schuylerville, Saratoga county, died at the Military hospital 
of typhoid fever. He was one of the most active of the persons engaged 
in raising Co. K, and be manifested, both by his energy and perseverance, 
characteristics which, had his life been spared, would have won for him a 
prominent name in the annals of this rebellion. During the time he was 
stationed at the barracks he won the love as well as the esteem of all with 
whom he was brought in contact. He Avas but a short time married ; an 
only and much loved son ; a very social and interesting companion, and 
sincere friend. He received all the attention that it was possible to be- 
stow upon him, by all connected with the hospital barracl.s, and much 
praise is due to Miss Cary, as well as to Major Rice and Captain Wood, 
for their unwearied exertions in his behalf. 

Dec. 28. The twelfth anniversary of the sabbath school connected with 
the First Congregational Church was held Sunday evening, and was 
largely attended. The superintendent's report was an interesting paper, 
showing the school to be in a very prosperous condition, numbering over 
350 persons, and gave evidence of doing much good. During the past 
year, by the diligent efforts of superintendent and teachers, an addition 
had been made to the school room, increasing its capacity to the number 

Hist Coll. a. la 



138 



Notes from the Newspapers. 



1862. 



of 150 children. The whole cost of the enterprise exceeding |400 had 
been raised entirely by the liberality and persevering eflforts of the teach- 
ers and scholars. Addresses were made by Captain George W. Atherton, 

of the 10th Connecticut regiment, and by the pastor, Rev. Dr. Palmer 

Catharine, wife of Thomas O'Hare, died, aged 33. 

Dec. 29. Christopher Helnry died, aged 70. 

Dec. 80. A gentle snow fell during the night and morning hours, leav- 
ing a thin mantle upon the earth scarcely sufficient for the purpose of 

sleighing Elizabeth F. Gribson, daughter of the late Joseph, died at 

Theresa, Jefferson county, N. Y., aged 17. 

Dec. 31. From the annual report of the Chamberlain, submitted to the 
common council Monday night, we extract the following figures, showing 
the receipts and expenditures of the city government during the past 
fiscal year : 



RECEIPTS. 

City water works, $88,371 8G 

Alms House, 1,454 70 

Assessments for streets and 

drains, 9,326 05 

City poor, 632 16 

Contingents, 1,079 07 

Street contingents, 1,307 12 

Fire department, 30 99 

District schools, 18,230 95 

Interest, 12,506 01 

Special Sessions, 629 00 

Police court, 1,700 30 

Rents and quit rents, 1,355 95 

Commutations, 442 00 

Markets, 1,084 19 

Ferry, 2,250 00 

Surveyor's office, 47 00 

Justices' court, 1,119 23 

Redemption, 263 25 

Bonds and mortgages, 560 00 

Real estate, 6,844 06 

Dividends, 496 50 

City taxes, 246,014 94 

County of Albany, 52,346 83 

Costs on assessments 29 00 

Joint military relief fund.. 5,508 50 

Temporary loan, 10,000 00 

A. M. Strong 20 48 

Certificates of city indebt- 
edness, 61,400 00 

$525,746 14 



DISBURSEMENTS. 

City water works $36,732 92 

City water debt, interest 

account, 51,000 00 

Alms House,! 40,756 76 

Assessments for streets 

and drains, 11,095 97 

City poor, 22,598 86 

Contingents, 21,867 53 

Street contingents, 17,088 12 

Police department, 40,432 81 

Fire department, 21,012 48 

District schools, 50,885 98 

Interest 40,769 54 

City Hall, 2,055 31 

Court of Special Sessions,. 100 00 

Police court, 3,248 64 

Markets, 887 95 

City debt, 20,000 00 

Ferry, 114 58 

Surveyor's office, 2,723 12 

Printing and advertising,.. 1,506 27 

Justices' court, 2,871 68 

Redemptions, 11 03 

Salaries, 11,375 40 

County of Albany, 5,144 29 

Elections, 2,092 25 

City lamps, 22,247 73 

Wells and pumps, 994 81 

Industrial school, 181 13 

Joint military relief fund,.. 21,159 21 
Certificates of city indebt- 
edness, 1,973 82 

Temporary loan, 10,000 00 



$463,528 19 



The disbursements for fourteen months are included in this account, viz: 

For twelve months $34,199 02 

For two months 6,557 74 



1862. Notes from the Newspapers. 139 

The following is the annual report of the trustees of the city sinking 
fund : 

To THE Honorable the Common Council : 

The undersigned trustees of the sinking funds of the city of Albany herewith 
present their annual report, showing the receipts and disbursements on account 
of the general and water debt sinking funds, for the year ending November 1, 1862. 

RECEIPTS ON ACCOUNT OF THE GENERAL DEBT SINKING FUND. 

Annual tax for the year 1861 $10,000 00 

Sales of real estate , 6,844 06 

Payments on bonds and mortgages 560 00 

Assessments confirmed prior to November 1, 1861 4,862 44 

$22,266 50 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

For redemption of city bonds $18,000 00 

Paid the Chamberlain for advances made in the 

year 1861 2,929 35 

$20,927 35 

Leaving a balance in the hands of the Chamber- ■ 

lain of $1,339 15 

Of the $20,000 of city bonds maturing July 1, 1862, two bonds of $1,000 each 
have not been presented for payment. 

No portion of the bonded debt of the city matures during the ensuing year. 
On the 1st day of May, 1864, §50,000 five per cent bonds are due and payable in 
Boston, Mass. 

RECEIPTS ON ACCOUNT OF THE WATER DEBT SINKING FUND. 

Annual appropriation §5,000 00 

Interest on investments 3,900 00 

Interest 'on deposits 232 78 

Balance on hand per last annual report 1,241 15 

Amount on deposit in bank $10,373 93 

During the past year no expenditures have been made on account of this fund. 
The investments remain the same as heretofore reported, viz : Sixty-five water 
debt bonds of $1,000 each, making, with the amount on deposit in bank, an ag- 
gregate applied or applicable to the payment of the water debt of $75,373.93. 
Respectfully submitted, V. Ten Eyck, 

Eli Perry, Mayor, 

Jos. C. Y. Paige, Chambei'lain, 

Trustees of the Sinking Funds. 
December 1, 1862. 

John Trotter died, aged 75. The funeral of the late John Trotter 

took place yesterday afternoon from his residence, No. 677 Broadway. 
The deceased was an old and respected merchant. Nearly half a century 
ago he was in business on the dock, but for many years past has not been 
engaged in active pursuits, having inherited a handsome property. He 
was one of the old landmarks of the city, now rapidly passing away. He 
was connected with the oldest families in the city, and was himself the 
head of a large family, all of whom, we believe, preceded him to the grave 
— the last, E. Willard Trotter, having died a few days since. He was 

the last of his race Edwin R. Herrick died in New York Anna 

Maria Goodrich died, aged 63. 



140 Notes froin the Newspajpers. 1863. 

1863. 

Jan. 1. A mild sunny day ; the snow melting rapidly on the housetops 

and other exposed situations along all the streets Gov. Seymour sworn 

into oflSiee at the Capitol, attended by an unusual crowd of spectators. A 
party of young men just after the inauguration, got possession of the 
cannon, Young Buck, and, after firing it in the park, proceeded to various 
parts of the city and fired it in the streets, to the great annoyance of the 
nei<'hborhoods, and the destruction of hundreds of dollars worth of glass. 
They indulged in these outrageous proceedings to a late hour at night, 
without the" interference, so far as we can learn, from policemen in any 
quarter. Among the houses which suff'ered from their visit were several 
in Dallius street, breaking seventy-five or eighty panes of gla&s. They 
theij visited Alderman Rodgers' house, in Green street, breaking many of 
the panes there and in the neighborhood. In Westerlo street they halted 
and fired in front of the residence of S. Schuyler Esq., breaking nearly 
all the windows, which were of French plate glass. Mr. S. had recently 
moved into his house, which was new, and so completely were the windows 
gutted, that, we are informed, he was obliged to move his family out of it. 
The residences of Alderman John Kennedy and John Harcourt were also 
visited, and many of the glasses were broken, rendering them almost un- 
tenantable. The glass in these houses was valuable, and, being of a pecu- 
liar make, will be difficult to replace. One poor woman, who does washing, 
had twenty-seven panes broken in her house. Alderman Delehanty, 
James Taylor, Mr. Stein and others were among the suflerers in Green 
street. In Washington avenue they broke two lights costing forty dollars 
apiece. In North Pearl street they broke several glasses in the house of 
Walter Church Esq., and three plate glass show windows, costing seven- 
ty-five dollars. At the Exchange Hotel they broke a large amount of 
glass. These are only a few of the many places which suffered from their 
visitation. Three complaints were lodged against the off"enders at the 
police office, and warrants were placed in the hands of officers; but by 
request the warrants are held, to give the parties an opportunity to settle 
the damages. 

Jan. 4. The sun shone out beautifully, and the last vestige of snow 
disappeared before it. 

Jan. 5. Patrick White died, aged 75. 

Jan. 6. Mary, wife of Daniel Flanigan, died, aged 50 Margaret 

Trainor died, aged 61. 

Jan. 7. Standard and Statesman united, reducing the number of daily 

papers to 6 The river, as far south as Castleton, was almost entirely 

free from ice. The mild, springlike weather of the last few days had 
completely broken up the ice, and melted or set it adrift. The canal, 

also, was as free from ice as it was in July James Murray died, aged 

36 Geo. Mills, of Co. F, 80th reg., N. Y. S. V., died at Bell's Plains, 

Va., and was buried at Albany on the 15th. 

Jan. 8. Ellen, wife of Nathaniel JNliller died, aged 80. 

Jan. 10. A snow storm set in about o'clock in the evening, which 
turned to rain in about two hours, and actually poured down for several 

hours Caroline A., wife of Gurdon Conkling, died, aged 54, at Conk- 

lingville. 



1863. Notes from the Newspaper's. 141 

Jan. 11. John W. Crannell died, aged 61 Martin Rouse died, aged 

32 Rev. Cornelius Gates died in Philadelphia, and was buried at 

Albany on the 14th. 

Jan. 13. Elizabeth, widow of Casper Walter, died, aged 74 Thomas 

Gough died Bridget Rourke died, aged 78 Clarence B. Remer, 

of Co. C, 44th Reg., died, aged 18 John Shaffer died in the hospital 

on the Rappahanock from the effects of an accidental wound. He was a 
member of Co. C, Ira Harris cavalry, and sustained a gallant part in 
some of the severest battles that were fought. 

Jan. 14. About two inches of snow fell before sunrise, but was fol- 
lowed by rain, which continued almost incessantly all day Elsie, 

widow of Samuel Phipps, died Thomas Brady died, aged 34 

Prof. Julien Molinard died at Rome, N. Y., aged 67. — (See Journal, 
Jan. 16). 

Jan. 15. The rain continued throughout this day also, the temperature 

being higher than on the 14th Charles J. Cunningham was drowned 

in the river. 

Jan. 16. Rain continued to descend until 4 o'clock in the afternoon, 
when the temperature had gone down to freezing point. The long con- 
tinued rain caused the sudden breaking up of the ice, which at an early 
hour broke up at Troy, and moved down slowly until it reached the narrow 
part of the river just above Bath, where it became blocked up. The 
river at this point rose rapidly, and shortly after ten o'clock it had 
reached within a few inches of the top of the docks, when the ice at 
Bath gave way, and down it came with a tremendous crash. The Boston 
ferryboat had just left her slip with a large number of passengers for 
the eastern train ; but on getting outside the cut the pilot observed the 
ice coming down, and fearing the boat would be carried down the stream, 
he struck the gong, the engine was reversed, and the vessel put back into 
the slip at double quick time. It was fortunate that the ice broke up as 
early as it did ; for had it remained an hour later, the docks would have 
been submerged, and all the stores filled with water, and a great amount 
of damage would have been done. Ice formed rapidly under the cle^r 
cold atmosphere of the night ; and the barrier, fifteen miles below the 
city, having remained firm, there was a gradual rise of water. 

Jan. 17. The river continued to rise, and by noon all the warehouses 
on the pier and dock were inundated, the water being two feet above the 
first floor. The river was full of floating ice from the Mohawk and other 
streams, while the basin, dock and pier were covered with a fresh crust 
of ice. The sun shone out beautifully, but made no impression upon the 

ice, even in the sunniest spots. Temperature at zero Gerrit Lagrange 

died, aged 75 Daniel Shane died, aged 74. 

Jan. 18. The river was again closed. The floating blocks of ice became 
stationary, and, matting together, soon acquired sufiicient strength to 
admit foot passengers to cross. 

Jan. 19. Celiuda, wife of James Davis, died, aged ^^ Henrietta 

Utter died, aged 25. 

Jan. 20. Julia M. Kidder died Maria, widow of Thomas Charles, 

died. 

Jan. 21. Snow fell sufficient to cover the nakedness of the earth, but 
as yet no sleighing. 



142 Notes from the Newspapers. 1863. 

Jan. 22. The snow again disappeared under the sun and mild tempe- 
rature, and at night it began to rain. 

Jan. 23. Wm. Davis died, aged 48 John O'Hare died, aged 20. 

Jan. 24. Saturday morning the post office was reopened in the Mer- 
chants' Exchange Building, and all day long the hall was thronged with 
spectators, many of whom could hardly recognize in the present accom- 
modations' the old post office, or anything appertaining to that once dark 
and dreary looking place. The present office is commodious and airy, 
easy of access, and so light as to dispense with the use of gas lights even 
in o'loomy weather. The whole place has been renovated and recon- 
structed after the most approved model offices in the country. The front 
entrance has been widened and made ample by the removal of the stair- 
case, which greatly obstructed the hall. The circle under the rotunda, 
around which the letter boxes are arranged, presents a beautiful appear- 
ance. This portion of the work was done by two of our best mechanics ; 
the carpenter work by John Kennedy, and the masonry by James W. 
Eaton. The floor is elegantly paved with tile by Wm. Manson, and, in 
fact, all the work is done in the neatest and best style. The German 
silver plates on the boxes are very handsome, and reflect much credit on 
the workmen' — W. J. & E. H. Scott. The neat and substantial brass 
fender-rail, running around the circle, was manufactured and modeled by 
Orr k Blair, and the gas fixtures by Mr. Shepard. The arrangements 
for the sale of stamps, and the delivery of letters and papers to gentle- 
men as well as ladies, are convenient, and just what we have long needed. 
The public have every reason to be pleased with the ingenuity and taste 
displayed by those in power, in devising the improvements, and with the 
liberality of the Exchange company in executing them. They cannot 
have cost less than ^6,000. Of the internal arrangements the Atlas and 
Argus says : " The inside arrangements for the convenient working of the 
office are greatly improved. More and better light is secured." Mar- 
garet, wife of Patrick Sinnot, died, aged 34. 

Jan. 25. A calm and sunny day, like April. A fire at 700 Broadway 

seriously damaged several buildings Ann O'Connor, wife of John 

Gofi", died, aged G2 Agnes Bowie died, aged 85 James Crawford 

died, aged 75. 

Jan. 26. Weather pleasant and springlike in the morning; rain in the 

afternoon and evening Ellen McNamara died, aged 85. 

Jan. 27. Still raining till 8 o'clock in the morning, when, the wind 
having shifted to the north, snow fell throughout the day, though the 
temperature was hardly down to freezing point. The river was rising. 

Thurlow Weed took leave of the Evening Journal., in which he had 

been concerned 33 years Jeremiah Kieley died, aged 47. 

Jan. 28. Cloudy — temperature above freezing point; a little snow fell 

in the evening Shall we have ice? — This question begins to aff"ect 

some of the owners of ice houses in this vicinity. Let us judge the pre- 
sent winter by the past. The following dates are given by JMr. Edmonds, 
of New York, as the times when he commenced cutting ice in each of the 
last ten winters, his rule being to use the first favorable opportunity : 

1851-2 Dec. 20 1853-4 Jan. 3 

1852-3 Jan. 23 1854-5 Dec. 16 



1863. Notes frorm the Newspapers. 143 

1855-6 Jan. 9 1859-60 Dec. 26 

1856-7 Jan. 6 1860-1 Jan. 15 

1857-8 Feb. 13 1861-2 Jan. 2 

1858-9 Jan. 12 

It appears by this that we have nearly three weeks to the time fixed in 
February, 1858, and we well remember that the cold continued so as to 
make good ice cutting two or three weeks later than that. To go back 
further, to the winter of 1834-5, the month of February was cold to the 
extreme in this parallel of latitude, thawing out on the 1st of March, and 
freezing again about the 10th, clear, solid ice. ten or twelve inches thick. 
On the other hand, the winter of 1827- 8 was as mild as this has been 
throughout. At Cincinnati there was no ice, and the ground was scarcely 
frozen all winter. That is a little south of New York, but not any less 
likely to lack an ice crop. We think that with only one iceless winter in 

forty years we may hope on yet Alexander Gumming died, aged 81. 

Alida Rediker died, aged 89 William Beardsley died, aged 54. 

He was formerly sheriff of Albany county, and afterwards for several years 
agent and warden of Sing Sing prison, the duties of which positions he 
discharged intelligently and faithfully. At the time of his death he was 
in the woods a short distance north of this city, on a fox hunt, with two 
or three friends, and is supposed to have burst a blood vessel from over 
exertion. 

Jan. 29. The morning light disclosed a bed of snow upon the earth, 
with the temperature a little below freezing point, and a fiir prospect of 
sleighing, which was realized. The southern trains were delayed by 
snow. The ferry boats continued their trips. They had not been laid 
up a single day during the winter. At night 8 inches of snow lay upon 

the ground John Vogel died of wounds received at the second battle 

of Bull Run. 

Jan. 30. A mild winter day, with 9 inches of snow on the ground. 

The winter remarkably free from high wind throughout Jane Nagle 

died, aged 60. 

Jan. 31. Alice, wife of Thomas Doyle, died, aged 25. 

Feb. 1. Joseph Webster, the last of the race of stage owners, died 

suddenly of disease of the heart, aged 65 Patrick Marin died, 

aged 50. 

Feb. 3. Cold day. 

Feb. 4. x\bout 5 o'clock p. m. a steam boiler exploded in the pork 
packing establishment of Weller & Smith, 24 State street. At the time 
of the explosion four men were at work within ten feet of the boiler, one 
of whom, Jeremiah Colburn, in his fright, leaped out of the window, in 
order to save himself, as he thought, from being instantly killed. He 
struck upon a pile of dressed hogs that lay upon the sidewalk, which, no 
doubt, prevented him from being badly hurt. The other men were struck 
with horror, and hardly knew what had taken place. On examination it 
was found that the building had been badly damaged, the heavy beams 
being shattered and broken, and the roof torn up. Every pane of glass 
in the front of the building was blown out by the concussion. The floor 
underneath gave way, the boiler fell through to the basement, and was 
covered up in the ruins. The damage will amount to about SI, 000.,,.,,, 



144 Notes from the Neiospapers. 1863. 

Coldest day of the season. Temperature 22 degrees below zero at the 
Manor House, and 16 degrees below at the Capitol. Several persons frozen. 

Priscilla Sydney, wife of James Nichols, died, aged 71. 

Feb. 5. At 3 o'clock in the morning a fire broke out in the grain store 
of Robert Higgins, 205 Washington avenue. The weather was so cold 
that the water froze almost as fast as it left the hose. Temperature 14 
degrees below zero in the morning, rose during the day, and snow fell in 

the evening Ann, wife of John B. Visscher, died, Mary, wife of 

George Newman, died, aged 67 Marie Magdelaine De Beau died, 

aged 67 George Kruder died, aged 47, and was buried on the Sth 

with military honors. 

Feb. 6. Rain; temperature 48 degrees above zero, a difference of 64 
deo-rees in 24 hours At the annual meeting of St. George's Benevo- 
lent Society, held at their rooms. No. 74 State street, February 6th, 1863, 
the following ofiicers were elected for the ensuing year : John Taylor, 
president; William Lacy, 1st vice president; Thomas Roland, 2d vice 
president; W. J. Dickson, treasurer; Thomas P. AVay, recording secre- 
tary; William J. Taylor, financial secretary; Rev. W. Rudder, chaplain. 
Feb. 7. Byron Guest died, aged 25. 
Feb. 8. Mrs. Mary Carter, wife of William Fleming, died, aged 37. 

Feb. 9. Hamlet H. Hickcox died, aged 73 Polly Wallace died at 

the Home of the Friendless, aged 88 Sarah, wife of C. Van Wormer, 

died. 

Feb. 10. Susan Lansing, widow of Peter G. Dox, died at Hopeton, 
Yates county. 

Feb. 12. Snow storm restored sleighing Richard J. Grant died, 

aged 45. 

Feb. 13. John G. Perkins died in the service at Nashville, aged 16, 
and was buried in this city March 13. He was the son of John H. Per- 
kins, formerly a resident of Albany Margaret Scannel died, aged 99. 

Leah, widow of John A. Slingerland, died, aged 87. Although she 

had always resided within five miles of Albany, she had never been on a 
steam boat nor a rail road car. 

Feb. 14. Cold morning — temperature - below zero Bridget Mc 

Connell died, aged 85 Arabella, widow of Gurdon Corning, of Troy, 

died, aged 82, and was buried I'rom 51 North Pearl street. 

Feb. 16. Timothy Falvey died, aged 27 Henry A. Allen died. 

He was many years teller of the State Bank, and afterwards alderman of 

the 6th ward James E. Thornton died, aged 43. 

Feb. 17. John Cahill died, aged 39 Ellen Hayner died, aged 33. 

Adaline V. Weed died, aged 37 Elizabeth, wife of Thomas 

Doyle, died, aged 38 Myers Henderer died, aged 54. 

Feb. 18. J. W. Winchell, the comedian, died at Lafayette, Indiana, of 
malignant erysipelas, aged 55. He was a native of Schenectady, but made 
his debut upon the stage in Albany, at the Pearl Street Theatre, and was 
en"-a"-ed in comic exhibitions of his own contrivance at the Museum, 
corner of State street and Broadway, for a series of years, personating a 
great variety of characters which he had observed in his travels. 

Feb. 20. John Shonts died, aged 83 Ann, widow of John Hastings, 

died, aged 40. 

Feb. 21. Temperature at zero Susan Dunham, wife of Cornelius 



1863. Notes from the Neiospajyers. 145 

Vosburgh, died, aged 60 Catharine McMahon, wife of Thomas Ken- 
nedy, died, aged 29. 

Feb. 22. A great number of cedar birds made their appearance in the 
city, preceding the snow storm, which began at the south and reached this 
city in the evening, leaving about six inches on the ground. The birds 
had a partiality to the trees surrounding the Second Dutch Reformed 
Church Patrick Morrissey died, aged 25. 

Feb. 23. A few inches of very light snow which fell during the night 
afforded some sleighing. But the severe cold abated, and the sun had a 
little effect upon the snow and ice for the first time since the 20th. The 
noon train on the Hudson river rail road was delayed till a late hour in 
the afternoon by an accident arising from the great fall of snow on that 
end of the line Catharine, wife of Adam Dahlin, died. 

Feb. 25. Maria Victoria Shufliebotham died, aged 23 Alonzo Dan- 

vers Nichols died, aged 37. 

Feb. 26. William S. Tucker died, aged 36 Bridget Fitzsimmons 

died, aged 24. 

Feb. 27. Peleg Miller died, aged 80 Catharine, wife of C. C. Vail, 

died, aged 29. 

Feb. 28. Sylvanus Kelley, late of Albany, died at Coeymans, aged 78. 
Mrs. Jane Smith died, aged 71 Horace S. Wilcox died, aged 46. 

March 1. Snow fell all day Horace S. Wilcox died, aged 46 

Patrick H. O'Neil died, aged 27. 

March 2. John Van Zandt died, aged 45. 

March 3. Robert, youngest son of the late Barent Sanders, died at 
Hartford, Ct., aged 40. 

March 4. Fine winter weather — sun by day and moon by night — 

snow below and frost above The Albany Academy completed the 

50th year of its existence. Arrangements were made for a semi-centen- 
nial celebration of the event. It was organized March 4th, 1813. The 
purpose of celebrating the occasion in some suitable way had been for 
some time considered by the board of trustees, and resulted in their ap- 
pointing a committee of alumni of the institution, and a committee of the 
board of trustees, to devise suitable arrangements for the occasion. This 
committee consisted of the following gentlemen: — Committee of Alumni 
— Hon. John V. L. Pruyn, LLD., Albany ; Hon. John Van Buren, 
New York ; Joseph Henry, LL.D., Washington ; Hon. Alexander W. 
Bradford, LL.D., New York ; Rev. J. Trumbull Backus, D.D., Sche- 
nectady; Hon. Geo. W. Clinton, Buffalo; Herman Melville, New York; 
Wm. H. Bogart, Aurora; Prof Isaac W. Jackson, LL.D., Schenectady; 
Peter Cagger, John Tyler Hall, Franklin Townsend, George W. Carpen- 
ter, David I. Boyd, Robert H. Waterman, James Cruikshank, LL.D., 
Wm. B. Sprague Jr., Charles H. Strong, John T. McKnight, Abraham 
Lansing, Frederic P. Olcott, Albany. Committeee of Trustees. — Orlando 
Meads, LL.D., Christopher Y. Lansing, Thomas Hun, M.D., Howard 
Townsend, M.D., David Murray. This committee met Wednesday even- 
ing at the Academy Library. Hon. John Van Buren was appointed 
chairman of the meeting, and Wni. H. Bogart, secretary. The purposes 
of the meeting were explained by Mr Meads, and the action already taken 
by the board of trustees. Mr. J. T. Hall moved the appointment of a 
subcommittee of seven, with full power, in connection with the committee 

Hist. Coll ii. 19 



146 Notes from the Newsimpers. 1863. 

of tlifi board, to make arrangements ; and the following committee was 
appointed: — Hon. John Van Buren, Wm. H. Bogart, John Tayler Hall, 
George W. Carpenter, Charles H. Strong, John T. McKnight, Abraham 
Lansing. Mr. Meads was appointed to prepare a historical memorial of 
the Albany Academy, to be published in connection with the proceedings 
of the anniversary. A manuscript catalogue of all the alumni of the in- 
stitution was submitted by Mr. Murray, containing in the aggregate over 
four thousand names. This catalogue, it is proposed, shall also be printed. 
The following finance committee was appointed : — Franklin Townsend, 
David I. Boyd, R. H. Waterman, W. B. Sprague Jr., Frederick P. Olcott. 
The subject of erecting some suitable memorial to Dr. T. liomeyn Beck hav- 
ing been introduced, — after full discussion by Mr. Pruyn, Mr. Meads, 
Mr. Bogart and others, — a resolution was unanimously adopted, recom- 
mending the Alpha Sigma Society — the members of which were all 
students under Dr. Beck — to undertake the task ; and requesting that 
they report the progress of their enterprise to the meeting of the alumni 
at their semi-centennial anniversary. The time for holding the exercises 
of the anniversary was fixed for the latter part of June, to be more defi- 
nitely fixed by the sub-committee of arrangements. The meeting then 

adjourned Patrick Carley died, aged 58 Hugh Swift died. He 

was a native of Ireland and came to this country about thirty years ago. 
He was a man of large influence in the city — represented his ward in a 
common council, and was member of assembly from the 1st district some 
years since. By a life of industry he accumulated a competence, and was 
much respected for his integrity and worth by his fellow citizens. 

March 5. Temperature below zero. The snow and frost scarcely yielded 

to the rays of the sun during the day Thomas Ray, Co. H, 10th 

regt , died, aged 20. 

March 6. Mrs. Blandina, widow of Charles E. Dudley, died, aged 80. 
She was a descendant of Rutger Jacobsen Bleecker, the magistrate who 
in 1656 laid the cornerstone of the First Dutch Church erected on State 
street, and in her possession remained the old stained glass window of the 
family placed in that church. She was the grand daughter of the Aunt 
Bleecker mentioned by Mrs. Grant, and the daughter of Rutger Bleecker, 
who obtained a large landed property by purchase of confiscated estates 
after the revolutionary war, on part of which the city of Utica now stands. 
She possessed great wealth, which she dispensed liberally upon religious, 
benevolent and scientific objects, among which was the large endowment 
of $100,000 to the Dudley observatory, so called in memory of her. 

March 7. Snow began to fall in the morning, and continued throughout 
the day and evening, leaving the most considerable body of snow that had 
laid upon the ground at any time during the winter. 

March 8. Snow began to fall again about 8 o'clock in the morning, and 

continued a few hours, when the sun shone forth again Matilda 

Percy, wife of John D. Hunter, died, aged 39 James Welsh died, 

aged 42. 

March 9. Capt. Bernardus B. Whalen died. He was connected with 
the police department of the city for many years; when the war broke out 
lie enlisted in the 3d N. Y. regiment, but contracted a fever at Fortress 
Monroe which terminated fatally Rev. Charles Brady died at Nor- 
wich, Chenango Co. He was formerly attached to St. Mary's church in 



1863. "Notes from the Newspapers. 147 

this city, and his remains were brought here for interment (latharine, 

wife of Amos Howes, died ; daughter of the late George. Monteath 

Edward McCauley of the 159th regt., died at Baton Rouge, aged 20. 

March 10. Charles Fredenrich of Co. B, 10th regt., died of typhus 
fever at Bonnet Carre, La., aged 21. 

March 11. Thomas Booth died, aged 50. 

March 12. Lawrence Keegan died, aged 65. 

March 13. Cold morning, temperature in some places 9 degrees below zero. 
More snow and severe weather during March than in all the previous 
winter. Though the sun shone clear throughout the day it had but 

little effect upon the snow. The sleighing excellent James Layman 

died, aged 43 Alexander Edmeston died, aged 58 Frank V. 

Harvey died, aged 28. 

March 15. Cold morning — temperatm-e 2 degrees above zero 

John Norton died, aged 38 Walter Weed, formerly of Albany, died 

at Auburn, aged 81. 

March 16. Grim winter still Edmund B. Taylor died in Boston. 

March 17. Helen, wife of Dr. Samuel Freeman, and daughter of the late 

Dr. Hunloke Woodruif, of Albany, died at Saratoga Springs Martin 

McDonald died, aged 19 Edmund Briggs Taylor died in Boston ; son 

of Hon. John Taylor. 

March 18. Joshua P. Wynkoop died, aged 33 Joseph Wright died, 

aged 68 John Franklin died at Rochester, aged 62, and was buried 

in Albany. 

March 19. The ice on the river was now much thicker than it had 
been at any previous time during the winter, and the prospect of a speedy 
resumption of navigation was quite gloomy. The sky was clear, but the 
atmosphere was cold, the mercury in the thermometer every morning for 
the past week or ten days being down to, if not below zero. The atmo- 
sphere along the entire line of the river appeared to be about the same. 
From Haverstraw bay to a point opposite Cornwall the river is firmly 
closed with ice, with the exception of two or three miles below Fort Mont- 
gomery and West Point. At Peekskill persons were skating on the river 
on Monday, and the fishermen were busily engaged with their nets. 
Newburgh bay was full of floating ice, but the ferry boat at Fishkill con- 
tinued to make her trips, though with difficulty A few minutes before 

11 o'clock the brewery of John Archer, on the western plank road, a short 
distance out of the city, was burnt. 

March 21. Emeline, wife of George Anderson, died Esther White, 

wife of George Pratt, died, aged 73 John Dwyor died, aged 47 

Asceneth B. Herring Gillespie died at Buffalo, aged 34, and was buried in 
Albany. 

March 23. Sarah, wife of John McGraw, died, aged 51. 

March 24. After more than three weeks of severe winter weather it 
began to rain ; the snow disappeared in 48 hours, and the river was greatly 

swollen Angelica Schuyler, wife of Sanders Lansing Jr., died, aged 

67, and was buried at West Troy. 

March 25. After five years' imprisonment Mrs. Mary Hartung was set 
at liberty by the judgment of the court of appeals, all the judges, eight in 
number, concurring in the opinions written by Judges Denio and Emmett, 
sustaining the decision of the court of oyer and terminer. Judge Wright 



148 Notes from the Nev^spapers. 1863. 

presiding, discharging her frora custody. A brief review of the case may 
be interesting to the public. Mrs. H. was indicted at the June general 
sessions, 1858, for the murder of her husband, Emil Hartung. She was 
tried and convicted before the court of oyer and terminer, January, 1859. 
Judgment of death was recorded against her, and on the 3d of March, 
1859, she was sentenced to have been hung on the 27th of April then 
following. Of the extraordinary proceedings of the jury that pronounced 
the accused guilty we do not now propose to speak. Most of our citizens 
remember the strange termination of the trial which excited so much 
interest in the community. On the 19th of April, 1859, a bill of excep- 
tions on her behalf was settled, signed and sealed, and on the 28d day of 
April thereafter a writ of error was issued thereupon out of the supreme 
court. That court decided that the conviction and judgment was not, in 
any respect, erroneous, and overruled each of the exceptions, and on the 
16th of December, the same year, affirmed the judgment of the oyer and 
terminer. On the 10th of January, 1860, a writ of error was issued out 
of the court of appeals, to review the judgment of affirmance rendered by 
the supreme court. The return to that writ was made on the 14th of 
February, 1860. After the allowance of the writ of error from the court, 
and after the return had been made to it, but before argument, the legis- 
lature, on the 14th of April, 1860, passed the act in relation to capital 
punishment, and thereby repealed all those portions of the revised statutes 
which provided for the punishment of death on convictions for crime. 
There was no saving clause in the act exempting frora its operations 
crimes previously committed. The case was decided, in the court of 
appeals, on the loth of October, 1860, by a reversal of the judgment of 
the oyer and terminer, and of the supreme court, but it at the same time 
declared that none of the exceptions on the part of the prisoner were well 
taken. They held, also, that neither the judgment of the oyer and ter- 
miner or of the supreme court was erroneous at the time it was rendered, 
but that the judgment had become a wrong judgment in consequence of 
the repeal of the punishment by the act of 1860. On the ITth of April, 
1861, and after the reversal of the conviction by the court of appeals, the 
legislature passed another act entitled : " An act in relation to cases of 
murder occurring previously to the 4th day of May, 1860," by which it was 
attempted to revive the provisions of the revi.sed statutes which had been 
repealed by the act of 1860. After the reversal of the judgment by the 
court of appeals the prisoner remained in custody until the September 
oyer and terminer, 1861, at which term the counsel for the people filed 
the remittitur from the court of appeals, and on the same day the prisoner's 
counsel applied for and obtained leave of the court to interpose and file 
three special pleas in her behalf, as follows : First. A plea of former 
conviction for the same offence. Second. That by that conviction she had 
o7ice been placed in jeopardy of her life, and could not, under the fonsti- 
tution of the United States, or of this state, be again legally tried upon 
the same indictment. Third. That the act of the legislature of the 14th 
of April, 1860, having repealed the punishment for the crime of murder 
theretofore committed, was, in its effect, a pardon of the crime alleged 
against the prisoner. To these pleas the counsel for the people replied, 
and to each of the replications there was a general demurrer. After 
argument the court of oyer and terminer, on the 12th day of December, 



1863. Notes from the Newspapers. 149 

1861, Hon. Justice Wright presiding, held the replications insufficient, 
and the pleas in bar good, and sufficient to preclude the people from any 
further prosecution of the indictment, and rendered judgment discharging 
the prisoner, and that she go without delay, &c. From the judgment of 
the oyer and terminer the district attorney sued out a writ of error to the 
supreme court, and rearrested the defendant, and kept her in custody 
from that time. The supreme court reversed the judgment of the oyer 
and terminer, ordered that the defendant have leave to withdraw the 
demurrers and to rejoin to the replications, or that she have leave to with- 
draw her special pleas in bar and to proceed to trial upon the plea of not 
guilty to the indictment. Without going into further details of the legal 
proceedings which followed, let it suffice to say that the case was again 
taken to the court of appeals for final judgment on the points set forth in 
the special pleas of Mrs. Hartung's counsel, W. J. Hadley, and that tri- 
bunal, the court of last resort in this state, has decided they were well 
taken, and discharged the prisoner from custody, and she is once more a 
free woman. This is one of the most extraordinary cases on record. 
To the generous counsel who has so manfully aided her with time and 
talent through five years, says the Evening Journal, she owes a debt of 
gratitude she can never repay. Undeterred by adverse decisions, and 
believing in the innocence of his client, he has fought the case from 
court to court, until his perseverance is rewarded by the success he has 
achieved, and finds his recompense in the reflection that he has been the 
means of saving his client's life and restoring a mother's love and care to 
two orphaned and unprotected children. Surely it is honorable to the legal 
profession to have so striking an exemplification of the sanctity with which 
they regard the obligations of professional duty. Though the case itself 
is closed, the moral that it points still lives. If, as some suppose, this 
woman was, in fact, made the innocent tool of a guilty and crafty man, 
her young life has been indeed a wretched one; but it speaks in thrilling 
tones of caution to the giddy and the thoughtless to beware how they take 
the first step which leads from virtue to the downward paths of vice. 
While, if the sense of secret guilt burthens her conscience, let her and 
others reflect that though they may successfully evade the responsibility 
due to outraged human laws, yet there is one tribunal where the judgment 
is yet to come, but whose decrees are unerring and irreversible, and whose 
solemn retributions may only be averted by sincere and genuine penitence 
for the past, and a resolute and inflexible purpose to lead a virtuous life 

in the future The board of trade was called together this morning to 

listen to an address by Edward C. Delavan, showing that Albany should 
be the leading manufacturing city of the country. We have the neces- 
sary water power to compete with any other location, while our river, rail 
road and canal facilities are equal to any other location. Mr. D. claimed 
that in case of a foreign war Albany is the safest city in the republic. 
During the war of 181:^ the New York banks sent their specie to this city 
for safe keeping. The vault built for its accommodation is still to be seen 
in the Mechanics and Farmers' Bank. The address was full of wise sug- 
gestions — ideas well calculated to develop the business capacity of the 
city and country. During the address Mr. D. stated that he had been a 
resident of Albany for 61 years ; that he had crossed the Atlantic fifteen 



150 Notes from the Newspai^ers. 1863. 

times ; that he was the first American merchant to visit England after the 
war of 1812. On his arrival at Bristol he found articles selling at 4 
pence each which sold in Albany for $4 each. At that time the United 
States was not a manufacturing country. Mr. D. alluded to the proposed 
improvement of the Hudson, and stated that the improvement of a river 
in Scotland had increased the population of Glasgow from 150,000 in 
1815, to 500,000 in 1862. In 1815 the depth of water at Glasgow was 
less than that found at Albany. At the present time the water is of that 
depth that a large portion of the iron steamers built in Great Britain are 
constructed at Glasgow. Mr. D. urged upon the board to be up and 
doing, as that is all that's necessary to make the city what it should be — 

Standard Joseph Adams died, aged 21 Joseph Straus died, 

aged 52. 

March 26. The river reached its highest point at 8 o'clock in the even- 
ine;, when it was over the pier, but still 4^ feet below the high water mark 
of"l857. 

March 27. Even with the present depth of water in the river it is a 
remarkable occurrence that the ice holds on, thus giving conclusive evi- 
dence of an immense barrier formed at the Castleton bar. In fact, this is 
shown by other movements of the water in another direction. It appears 
that an outlet was made Thursday night by the water flowing through 
Schodack creek. The entrance into the creek was made just below the nine 
mile tree, the water rushing through it and the channel and entering the 
Hudson river near the Upper Kinderhook light house. When the river 
broke up in January last a barrier of ice was formed on the Castleton bar, 
which, since that time, had become more formidable by the extreme cold 
weather of the past forty days. The river at New Baltimore yesterday 
was only about one foot higher than at ordinary high water, which is con- 
clusive evidence that but little water passes over the bar at Castleton. 
Since 8 o'clock Thursday evening the water hei-e has fallen about a foot 
and a half, and during the morning the river has continued to recede at 
the rate of from two to four inches an hour. At Troy the inundation has 
been greater than it was here, the water coming to within two feet of the 
great height it reached in 1857, the macadamized road in front of the 
arsenal at West Troy being covered with water to the depth of between 
seven and eight feet. At half past 4 o'clock Thursday afternoon the bar- 
rier at the Nail Works gave way, but soon after the ice stopped at the 
Fish House bar. Soon after, however, an outlet was made on the west 
side of the island, to the great joy of those residing near the river in Troy. 
Before evening had set in the water had fallen two feet at Troy, and 
during the night there was another fall of two feet — making in all four 
feet from the highest point reached yesterday. But little damage has as 
yet been done here or in Troy by the inundation. The only damage of 
any moment was the carrying away of a portion of the track and an 
embankment on the Troy and Greenbush rail road, which, we learn, has 
already been repaired. The slight movement made by the ice opposite this 
city gave conclusive evidence of its strength and the dangers that might 
have occurred if it had then gone off with its usual velocity. The heavy 
upright timbers at the Steam boat landing were broken as readily as if 
they had been pipe stems, and but for the ice breaker, formed by the piling 
up of ice at the landing, the houses below it on Quay street would have 



1863. Notes from the NewsjMpers. 151 

been demolished. The sudden change in the weathei- has already been 
felt at the north, the ground having become frozen and the streams enter- 
ing into the river becoming more sluggish. A stitt' northwesterly wind 
prevailed during yesterday, which materially aided in driving down 
the water and lessening the inundation. From what occurred Thursday, 
those acquainted with the river are of the opinion that it will take several 
days of mild weather to remove the barrier of ice formed below, or that it 
will require an immense pressure from above to carry the ice from here 
over the Castleton bar. The outlet formed through the Schodack chan- 
nel, it is feared, will prove a great injury to the navigation of the river, 
as it will cause more matter to collect on the bar and narrow the channel. 
The rail road ferry boats continue to run regularly between this city and 
East Albany depot. There is some slight detention occasioned by the 
inundation, but it is not sufficient to cause any detention from those going 
either east or south. 

March 28. Mary, wife of Thomas Donnelly, died, aged 27. 

March 29. The snow, which commenced falling on the previous even- 
ing, lay about three inches in depth in the morning Rev. Wm. H. Mil- 
ler, pastor of the Third Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, took leave of 

his congregation in a ftirewcll sermon Rev. Mark Trafton took leave 

of the Hudson Street Methodist Episcopal Church, and A. D. Mayo, 

of the Unitarian Church Theresa Kelly died, aged 27 Theresa 

Bella Burns died, aged 19. 

March 30. Clarissa D., wife of Francis Harvey, died Calvin Butler 

died, aged 70, 

March 31. A snow storm during the whole day. The river was clear 

below Coxsackie, and the water fell one foot Michael A. Kenny died, 

aged 19. 

April 1. George Burch died, aged 46 Jane Ann Sacia died 

Sarah, wife of Wm. Doyle, died, aged 54 Harriet, wife of Harvey 

Temple, died, aged 29. 

April 2. Marianna Wemple died Robert Kerr died, aged 58. 

Aprils. Capt. John Johnson died Catherine Coleman, wife of 

James McKenna, died, aged 33. 

April 4. The legislature passed a law aiding the Susquehanna rail road 
with 1500,000 "Michael Manning died, aged 20 ximanda J., daugh- 
ter of the late Wm. Beardsley, died. 

April 5. Martin Stalker died. 

April 6. The temperature was above freezing point, and the snow had 
pretty much disappeared in the streets. The atmosphere had a spring- 
like appearance Paul McQuade died, aged 47. 

April 7. The first steam boat arrived from New York Ambrose L. 

Hascy, formerly of Albany, died in New York, aged 28 Stephen D. 

Jarvis, of the 3d Wisconsin cavalry, died at Mt. Vernon, Missouri, aged 
17, youngest son of the late John J. Jarvis. 

April 8. Robert P. Wiles died, aged 49.. Edward L. Hallenbeck 

died, aged 21 Michael Degan died, aged 50. 

April 9. In the evening a very singular phenomenon was observed, 
resembling a thin cloud, completely spanning the heavens from east to 
west, about four times the width of a rainbow. It disappeared before 
ten o'clock. There was a display of aurora in the north at the time , 



152 Notes from the Neivspajpers. 1863. 

Anna Hanver died, aged 102 years, 6 months Mary Ann, daughter 

of Wm. Adams, died. 

April 10. John Irwin, formerly of Albany, died in New York 

Beverley R. Hasbrouck died, aged 41. 

April 11. First day of spring weather. The ringing of the new bell 
of the Third Dutch Reformed Church in Ferry street called out the fire 

department Henry I. Snyder died, aged 40 A stranger died in 

the rail road depot, upon whom was found the name of Philip Pierce. 

April 12. The water rose above the pier and docks, from the eiFect of 

the last two mild days Mary Spence died, aged 56 Sarah Frances, 

wife of Charles Carroll, died, aged 41 Margaret, wife of John Regan, 

died, aged 25 James Larkey died, aged 25. 

April 13. John N. Skryczniski, a Polish officer, who had subsisted for 
some years upon charity, died at the age of 64. He was accustomed to 
exhibit a prospectus for a book, to which he had procured a very large 
number of signatures, with the express avowal that he did not promise 
to deliver any book. It was a mode of taking down signatures, and 
taking in money. He had been an athletic man, and wore a military 
buckle in his hat, and an officer's blue cloak. He constantly perambu- 
lated the streets, poor and infirm Orrin F. Andrews died, aged 37 

Mary Carlin died, aged 68. 

April 14. z^ccident on the Central rail road, 20 persons injured. It 

occurred as the train entered West Albany Lucinda D., widow of 

Isaac Packard, died, aged 74 Arlond Carroll died, aged 55 

Adjt. Robert Dunlop Lathrop, of the 159th regiment, was killed at Irish 
Bend, on the Bayou Peche, aged 22. His funeral at Albany took place 
Pec. 19. 

April 15. Two fires occurred during the night Lucy Watson died. 

April 16 Esther Bennett, wife of Wm. P. Brayton, died, aged 46. 

Peter O'Hare died, aged 41 Cathalina Groesbeck, wife of Thomas 

Loriug, died at Blackwoodtown, N. J., aged 57. 

April 17. William II. Kennedy died, aged 47. 

April 18. High water, the docks submerged, to the great injury of 
business Sarah Ann, wife of Thomas Callandine, died, aged 32. 

April 19. Isabella McKay died Francis Burns, the first Methodist 

missionary bishop to Africa, died in Baltimore, aged 54. He was born 
in Albany, and had been a missionary to the people of his race since 
1834, in Liberia. 

April 20. The workmen of James Goold & Co. presented the senior 
partner with a service of silver on the half century anniversary of his entry 

upon business as a coach manufacturer in the city of Albany Eliza G., 

wife of William Cox, died. 

April 21. Elcnor, widow of Samuel Waddy, died, aged 65 Mary 

Low died, aged 84. 

April 22. Edward Staats died at Detroit, Mich., formerly of Albany. 

April 23. Uri Burt died, aged 75. He came to this city in very hum- 
ble circumstances, and by industry and energy built up a very extensive 
business. The walls of his brewery occupied the square fronting on 
Montgomery, Lumber, Colonic and Centre streets, presenting an imposing 

appearance Jane South wick, wife of A. S. Hinkley, of Coldwatcr, 

IMich., died Thomas Bray died, aged 70. 



1863. Notes from the Newspa])ers. 153 

Api-il 2-4. A presentation of flags from the battle fields took place at 
the Capitol, before the legislature. They consisted of the regimental colors 
of the volunteer regiments from this state, and were received from the 

hands of Adjutant General Sprague Alonzo Bruce died at Chicago, 

aged 50. He was born in Rutland county, Vt , and resided in Albany 
about 20 years Edward Fargang died, aged 24. 

April 26. E. E. Kendrick, late cashier of the Albany Bank arrived in 
town, and was put under $20,000 bonds to appear and answer to the charge 

of forging, &c., in the matter of that bank Bridget, wife of Daniel 

Tierney, died, aged 46 Julianna S., wife of F. B. W. Miller, died, 

aged 46. 

April 27. "William Morrell died, aged 82 David Hunter died, aged 

84 Patrick F. Buckley died, aged 84 John White, bill poster, 

who disappeared in February, was found drowned in the basin at the foot 

of Hamilton street Geo. D. Jones, formerly of Albany, died at 

Fredonia, Chautauqua county. 

April 28. 3Irs. Elizabeth Carpenter died, aged 82 James Browne 

died, aged 75 Benjamin Hansen died, aged 79 George B. Craven, 

late of Albany, died at Waterford, aged 26 A stranger, aged about 40, 

fell dead in Broadway in the evening Mary Atcherson died, aged 22. 

April 29. Alexander Fanyou died, aged 60. 

April 30. Robert Kidd died, aged 21 Charles F. Hill died, aged 

20 Mary E.Goodwin died, aged 24 Patrick Welsh died, aged 48. 

Mary, wife of Peter Weldon, died, aged 38 Joanna, wife of 

Leendert de Mol,died, aged 43. ......William Pearcey, crier of the courts, 

died, aged 79. He was formerly a copperplate printer, but for many 
years had been a constable and crier. 

May 1. Capt. William James Temple, son of the late Col. Robert E. 
Temple, died of wounds received at the battle at Chancellorsville, aged 22. 
Soon after the rebellion broke out a modest, attractive youth introduced 
himself to me at Washington, as the son of the late Colonel Temple, saying 
that he desired to adopt the profession of his father. I obtained forhim 
a first lieutenancy in the regular army, and he entered the service ani- 
mated by the aspirations which make heroes and martyrs. When a year 
afterward I returned from Europe, I inquired of Adjutant General 
Thomas, who had interested himself in securing commissions for several 
young men whom I recommended, if he knew anthing of Lieut. Temple. 
He replied: "I have kept an eye upon your boys, being partly responsi- 
ble for them. They are all doing well. Lieut. Temple is an excellent 
ofiicer. Some three weeks since I met young Temple again. He had 
been on a brief visit to Albany, and was returning to his regiment. He 
had been promoted to a captaincy, and was then just 21 years of age. He 
was the same quiet, modest, gentlemanly person I first met two years ago, 
reminding me, in his manner and expression, of an estimable lady (his 
aunt, Mrs. Tweedy) with whom his boy days were happily associated, 
and whose good precepts and bright examples imparted to children all 
that is virtuous and graceful. Yesterday, upon entering the Hudson 
river baggage car, at Xew York, my eyes rested upon a square, ominiously 
proportioned box, with " Capt. William J. Temple, 17th U. S. Infantry, 
Albany," inscribed upon its lid I And there, cold, inanimate, and dis- 
figured, lay all that remains of the gallant young ofiicer who, with beaming 

Hist. Coll a 20 



154 Notes from the Newspa'pers. 1863. 

eye, elastic step and buoyant spirit, I had so recently conversed with. 
It was a sad and startling transition, illustrating with appalling emphasis 
the uncertainty of life — the inevitable reality of death. He departed, 
in the glow of health, with an apparently bright and happy future, but 
a few days since ; and now his lifeless remains, " smear'd in dirt and 
blood," are sent home in a rude box, for interment, where all inherit alike 
their " body's length"" of earth. — T. w. 

May 2. Lucien Tuffs died, aged 55 Eunice Northrop died, aged 

86 Mary Browne died, aged 37. 

May 3. Charles McGraw died, aged 28 Hannah Anderson, wife 

of Daniel Ransom, died, aged 75 Capt. Knickerbacker and Lieut. 

Koonz were killed in battle at Fredericksburg. 

May 4. Lawrence Kip died. 

May 5. Fanny Cowen died, aged 61 James Dunlop died, aged 64. 

John Hale died, aged 51 Christiana, widow of Capt. Lewis 

Campbell, died Capt. Douglas Lodge, of the 43d regt.,died at Frede- 
ricksburg, aged 20. 

May 6. A man was killed in Montgomery street by the cars as he was 

walking on th erail road track At the battle near Fredericksburg 

several Albanians were wounded or captured. Capt. John E. Newman 
was wounded, and Capts. Wallace, Thompson and Van Patten and Lieuts. 
Hastings and Van Buren taken prisoners. Killed — Sergt. J. R. Warren- 
ton, fragment of shell passed through the body. Seriously Wounded — 
Edward M. Mann, right leg amputated below knee; Henry D. Callomay, 
fragment of shell in bowels, probably mortally wounded; Seth Patterson, 
right arm shot off ; J. W. Parnell, right leg broken. Sliglitli/ ^counded — 
Lieut. J. T. Wyatt, breast; Duncan Cameron, right leg; David D. Davis, 

face ; Lafayette Murry, right ankle ; Chas. M. Swane, left shoulder 

Mary S. Barnard, wife of Wm H. Manley, and daughter of the late 
Daniel D. Barnard of Albany, died at Montreal, aged 30. 

May 7. The sun came out in the morning after a rain of 48 hours dura- 
tion Sarah Elizabeth llorabach, wife of James H. Seaman, died aged 

21 George W. Cowell died, aged 29 Elizabeth, wife of Patrick 

Grattan, died, aged 60. 

May 8. Honora Freney died, aged 37 Jeremiah Foley died, aged 

78 Dennis Moss died, aged 74 Matilda F., wife of Richard Van 

Rensselaer, died. 

May 9. David Nye died, aged 78 Fannie Nason, wife of Linthal 

Davis, and daughter of the late E. B. Slason, died at Waterbury, (Jonn. 

May 11. John Meads died, aged 60 Mrs. Phoebe Watrous died, 

aged 66 Ann Welder, Avife of Thomas Clinc, died, aged 60 Daniel 

H. Aldrich died, aged 19 Visscher Denniston died, aged 20 John 

Q. Wilson died at Chicago in his 83d year. He was sometime judge of 
Albany county. 

May 12. Recruiting tents were again erected in State street Adjt. 

Richard M. Strong died at Camp Bonnet Carre, La., of typhoid fever, 
aged 28. Adjutant Strong was a son of Anthony M. Strong Esq., of 
this city; and at the time it was intimated the government would accept 
volunteers for nine months he abandoned the legal profession, of which 
he was a highly respected and promising member, and devoted his time, 
means and cner<rics to the organization of the 10th regiment, in order 



1863. Notes from the Neiosj)a])ers. 155 

that it might be placed on a war footing, and rendered acceptable to the 
authorities. Those who knew him best need not be reminded of the 
deep interest he manifested in the success of the undertaking, in which 
he engaged with such extraordinary zeal. His labors were assiduous and 
untiring. Even when obstacles, seemingly insurmountable, presented 
themselves, he did not flag in his eflbrts. They appeared only to de- 
velop more clearly the energy of character for which he was noted among 
his more intimate friends, and to induce more determined efi"orts to 
accomplish the object in view. By his devotion to the interests of the 
organization, his kind and generous treatment of its members, and his 
soldierly bearing, he became endeared to all, even before the regiment 
left our city. Those noble traits of character which rendered him so 
deserved a favorite among both officers and men were only made more 
apparent to all on the field of active duty ; and it was not strange that 
he should have been held in such high esteem by those with whom he 
was associated. He was in all respects a young man of the most ennobling 
qualities of heart and mind — the perfect embodiment of honor and 
integrity. He sacrificed the ease and comforts which he enjoyed at 
home, surrendered his position as a professional gentleman, to enter the 
service of the country. He was actuated by the purest patriotism, and 
has laid down his life on the blood-stained altar of his country, while 
striving with the tens of thousands of patriots and heroes whom the 
country must ever honor, to restore the union and uphold the constitution 

and the laws Robert Shankland died at Newburgh, aged 87 

Catharine, wife of Patrick Phillips, died, aged 63. 

May 14. The IGth regiment arrived from the Potomac, and had a 
public reception. After parading the streets under escort they were 
addressed by the governor at the Capitol. They left here on the 25th 
June, 1861, 800 men, and lost in ten battles about 500. It belonged to 

the counties of Pranklin and St. Lawrence Magdalena H., widow of 

Jacob Ten Eyck, died at Whitehall Place, aged 86 James Jackson died. 

May 15. The 3d regiment returned. It left Albany on the 16th 
May, 1861, 780 strong, under Col. Townsend. 422 returned of the 796 
belonging to the regiment; the remainder, partly new enlistments for 

three years, were on duty at Fortress Monroe Magdalen Van Ben- 

thuysen, formerly of this city, died at Geneva, aged 72 Peter Ben, 

many years crier of lost children, died, aged 63 Charles Courtright 

died at Baton Rouge, La., aged 19. 

May 16. More regiments returned from the Potomac, and were es- 
corted through the streets by the firemen ; who, although they had 
performed that service three days in succession, still made a good show 

of numbers Rev. Garret Sheehan, assistant pastor of St. Joseph's 

Church, died in New York, and was buried in this city. After the 
funeral services on Tuesday morning, 19th, his remains were placed 
upon a hearse and conveyed to the burial ground of the church. The 
funeral cortege that accompanied them was large and imposing, and 
embraced some twenty-five priests and a number of boys in robes. As 

they passed through the streets they chanted a requiem Mary S. 

Hill, wife of John E. Eaton, died, aged 52 Charles A. Haskell died 

at Bonnet Carre of typhoid fever, aged 18. 

May LS. Norton Phillips died, aged 30. 



156 Notes frcmi the Newspapers. 

May 19. Nicholas Bulson died, aged 65 Daniel Twomey died ^ aged 

65 Henry Sayre died at Bonnet Carre of fever, aged 22. He was a 

member of Company B, 177th regiment N. Y. S. A^olunteers. Was 

buried at Albany, March 22, 1864 Henry Sager also died as above, 

aged 22. 

May 20. Mary Churchill died, aged 74. 

May 21. Very warm day — first of the season. 

May 22. Warm day. Four inquests on persons who lost their lives 
in various ways. 

Maj' 23. Temperature 94 deg Gen. McClellan arrived in the city 

as the guest of Hon. John V. L. Pruyn. In the evening he attended a 
special meeting of the common council, and was addressed by Mayor Perry 
and Gov. Seymour, and then escorted to the steam boat by the firemen 
with lighted torches, and a display of Roman candles, and surrounded by 

an immense multitude Caroline E., wife of James H. Thomas, died, 

aged 26 Caroline Rockwell, wife of John I. Olmsted, died. 

May 24. Great depression in temperature during the day, resulting in 

rain Darby Hanley died, aged 29 A letter received in this city 

from a member of the 177th regiment, N. Y. S. Y., under date Baton 
Rouge, May 24th, relates the following sad occurrence : " Our company 
and company E got orders to go off on a scout, with three days' rations. 
One of the corporals in our company was shot dead on this scout by Cor- 
poral Teator of our company. It seems that the two corporals and a 
private were standing on the same post, when Corporal Thomas Davidson, 
seeing a fire in the woods, started off to inform Lieut. Bantham of the 
fact. On returning, he lost his way, and instead of returning on the right 
road, he took the road the rebels would have taken had they moved. 
Teator seeing him coming, and taking him to be a rebel, leveled his rifle 
and shot him. He survived about three hours, and we buried him under 
a large tree where he died." Davidson was a harness maker by trade, 
and while in this city was in the employ of Lyman J. Lloyd Esq. He 
was about twenty years of age, and a young man of exemplary habits, social 
bearing, religious turn of mind, and beloved by all who knew him. 

May 25. John Follett died, aged 65 Funeral of Capt. Temple at 

St. Peter's Church. The remains were escorted to the cemetery by the 
City Volunteers. 

May 26. Thomas Lyman died, aged 38 Rose, wife of Sampson 

McCann, died, aged 72. 

May 27. Nancy Corcoran died, aged 37 Abram Hoagdied, aged 72. 

May 28. Nancy Gage died, aged 78 Stacy P. Stiles died, aged 48. 

Caroline Wilhclmina, widow of George Kreuder, died, aged 34. 

May 29. Lt. Wm. P. Shear, quartermaster of tbe 2d regt , committed 
suicide at the Marshall infirmary, Troy, by cutting his throat with a pen- 
knife. " The deceased was in good circumstances at the outbreak of the 
rebellion, but enlisted in Capt. Olmstead's company, on the formation of 
the 2d regt., to gratify a taste for military life. He was ai'terwards trans- 
ferred to Capt. Tibbitts's company, promoted to the rank of quartermaster 
sergeant, and eventually advanced to the important position of quarter- 
master. He served faithfully with the regiment from the time of his 
appointment until its return to Troy. He yielded too eagerly to the 
temptations of city life, and began a career of dissipation which alarmed 



1863. Notes from the Newspapers. 157 

his friends. Lieut. Col. Olmstead caused him to be sent to the Marshall 
infirmary, and it was supposed that he had fully recovered. In a day or 
two more he would have been discharged. The deceased formerly re- 
sided in this city, and was engaged in a lucrative business. 

May 30. Robbery of ^1,600 at Squires's brokers' office The 30 regt. 

was received on its return from the war, and in the evening a procession 
was made, accompanied by fire-works, and a welcome at the Capitol by 
Gov. Seymour. The regiment was mustered in in May, and left Albany 
(Col. Frisby commanding) in June, 1861, with 741 enlisted men and a 
full complement of officers. In the fall of the same year 132 were raised 
for the unexpired term of the regiment. In the fall of 1862 268 recruits 
were enlisted for three years, making in all 1,123 enlisted men. For 
several months after the regiment left home it was stationed near Wash- 
ington ; but when the peninsular campaign was opened, it was as a part of 
McDowell's corps moved to the Rappahannock. On the 18th of April, 
1862, the 30th with the rest of Cen. Auger's brigade, took possession of 
Fredericksburg, driving the enemy across the river, and was only pre- 
vented from pursuing him by the burning of the bridges over the Rappa- 
hannock. The regiment remained there until August. During that time 
the brigade to which it belonged made several brilliant reconnoissances, 
one of which was towards Spottsylvania Court House, when Stuart's 
cavalry attacked them in their rear, taking several of their number 
prisoners. After which ~our men attacked the rebels and drove and pur- 
sued them about seven miles. On the 10th of August the regiment left 
Falmouth and marched to Culpepper to reinforce Gen. Pope after the 
battle of Cedar mountain and reached there on the 11th. Next morning 
preparations were made to attack the enemy, but on the skirmishers being 
thrown out, it was found that the enemy had retreated. They lay at 
Cedar mountain until about the 17th, when Gen. Pope was ordered to fall 
back across the Rappahannock. From Culpepper the 30th brought up 
the rear of the army, and was the last to cross the river. For three days 
and nights at the Rappahannock, the regiment was constantly under fire, 
and was successful in holding the enemy in check, at this point; and was 
also engaged with the enemy at Sulphur springs. On the 28th it took 
part in the short but desperate battle of Gainesville, holding the field after 
the battle. On the 29th they were engaged in the ill managed fight of 
Bull run, and suff"ered severely. On the 30th, the battle being renewed, 
the 30th was among the first to enter the fight, distinguishing themselves 
for their bravery. Owing to one of the divisions giving way on their 
left, the enemy succeeded in planting a battery which plowed through their 
ranks, making great slaughter among them. Here the heroic Capt. King 
was killed in front of his company, and the brave Colonel Frisby fell 
while leading on his men. This devolved the command upon Lieut. Col. 
Searing, who has proved himself a worthy successor of the gallant dead. 
After the battle they returned to their old camp at Upton hill. Remain- 
ing there a few days, they were ordered oif into Maryland, and took an 
honorable part in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, where 
Lieut. Campbell distinguished himself in leading his men of the Lansing- 
burgh company. They were at the battle of Fredericksburg, and under 
Franklin on the left. They were more fortunate here than in other bat- 
tles previously, losing only two men wounded. They also took part in 



158 Notes from the Newspapers. 1863. 

the second battle with Hooker, but lost no men. From killed, wounded 
and discharged from disability, the regiment has lost 493 men, leaving its 
muster out strength about 480. One hundred and fifty three of the three 
years' recruits will be left in the service. There are now seventy two sick 
and wounded in hospital. Ninety men and six ofl&cers have been killed in 
action. Two hundred and nineteen men and twelve ofiicers have been 
wounded in action. Only eight men and two officers have died of disease, 
and two men from accidental causes. Out of the original number that 
started for the seat of war, but one hundred and eighty-six remain. Co. 
B, that left Albany ninety six strong, now has but sixteen of the original 
number left. Other companies can show a similar depletion. All of the 
original officers are gone, some of them transferred to other regiments, but 
most of them martyrs to their country. Beside their services in the field, 
the 30th almost entirely built one of the forts near Washington. We 
assume that few regiments in the service have done more work, or in a more 
thorough manner; and none, we venture to say, have suffered less from 
disease, a proof that both officers and men have been discreet, careful and 
prudent. They come home, at the expiration of their term of service, 
with the proud conciousness of having served their country faithfully, and 
of having earned the heartfelt thanks of every true patriot for the sufferings 
they have endured, and the kindling smile of every eye, and the cordial 
grasp of every hand, for the glories they have won. 

May 31. Peter Riley committed suicide by jumping into the river at 
Rochester. On the arrival of the New York express train there, Sunday 
morning, a man was discovered to jump from the platform of one of the 
cars as it reached the east end of the river bridge, and spring over the 
railing into the water. He fell where the water was shallow, near the 
raceway wall; but being intent upon destroying himself, he struggled 
into the current, and the next moment was swiftly borne over the preci- 
pice before the train had crossed the bridge, and within sight of scores 
of passengers. The unfortunate man was Peter Riley, of Albany. He 
had become addicted to intemperance, which was, without doubt, the 
exciting cause of the suicide. He was for a while proprietor of a saloon 
in Rochester, and afterwards engaged in the same business at Elmira. 
He was also employed at intervals on the Central rail road, in the capacity 
of baggage master, &c., and being an accomplished book keeper had, for 
the last four years, been a clerk in the freight department in Albany. 
Riley got aboard the train there Saturday night, taking a sleeping car 
berth. The passengers observed that he was beside himself with liquor; 
and during the night he occasioned considerable annoyance by frenzied 
and startling ejaculations, such as " I never murdered a man!" "I 
never stole anything." " Rum has ruined me!" When the conductor 
passed through the cars Riley implored him to shoot him. In reply to 
inquiries, he stated that he was on his way to Kansas. He was between 

35 and 40 years of age. — Rochester paper Jacob Metz died, aged 86. 

June 1. Harriet Thompson died, aged 44 Bryan Shea died, aged 

60 Mrs. Mary Lynch died, aged 57 John B. McClaskey died at 

New Orleans, aged 51. 

June 2. James Cassidy died, aged 19. 

June 3. Tammy, wife of Brown S. Spencer, died, aged 55. 

June 4. Mary, wife of Robert McDonald, died, aged 29. 



1863. Notes from the Newspapers. 159 

June 5. Andrew C. Iletrick died, aged IC Ilattie E. Derby died, 

aged 20. 

June 6. Thomas Brown, a returned soldier, was found dead in the 
river, near the Columbia street bridge, on Saturday. He was found in a 
skiflF, wuth his head and a portion of his body in the water. Upon 
examination it was discovered that his neck was broken. An inquest 

was held, and the jury rendered a verdict of found drowned William 

Kerr died, aged 65. 

June 7. Mrs. Rachel Tryon died, aged 78 John Murray died, aged 

31 Wm. Kennedy died, aged 71. 

June 8. Omie J. Lagrange died, aged 64 John Guardenier, mem- 
ber of Co. B, 177th regiment, died at Baton Rouge of typhoid fever. 

June 10. Mary McGraw, wife of Andrew Kearney, died, aged 35 

George G. Thayer, Co. E, 177th regiment, died of typhoid fever at Bon- 
net Carre, La., aged 20. 

June 11. The 84th regiment, Col. Laflin, reached the city early in the 
morning on its return from the seat of war. They were recruited princi- 
pally in Herkimer county, and passed through this city in May, 1861, 
under Col. Ladue, 800 strong; and returned 427, after having received 
100 recruits during their absence William Baker died, aged 26. 

June 12. The Hudson river steamer Mary Powell, Captain A. L. An- 
derson, made the run between New York and Poughkeepsie on Friday 
last in three hours and forty-two minutes. Leaving New York at half 
past three o'clock p. M., she reached the latter city at twelve minutes past 
seven o'clock. Deducting thirty-five minutes consumed at landings and 
five minutes lost in getting into the stream on starting, and the actual 
running time for the seventy-five miles is three hours and two minutes — 

a feat unprecedented in the annals of Hudson river steam boating 

Catharine Dwyer died, aged 61 Patrick Phillips died, aged 62. 

June 13. Thomas Byrn died. 

June 14. Our citizens were startled on Saturday at the announcement 
that Col. M. K. Bryan, Major James H. Bogart and Captain Henry Hul- 
burt, of this city, had fallen martyrs to the cause of the Union before 
Port Hudson in the second attack on that stronghold on the 14th inst. 
Col. M. K. Bryan, in command of the 175th regiment, N. Y. S. V., at the 
time of his death, was about forty years of age. He was born in Ireland, 
and came to this country in 1834. He located in New York for a short 
time, when he came to this city and went into the employment of his 
cousin. Col. John McCardel. Subsequently he moved to New Orleans, 
where he engaged in business, and some time after he again returned to 
this city, and assumed the charge of Col. McCardel's hotel, then located 
at the corner of Lydius and Quay streets. In time he became the owner 
of the establishment, and after doing a successful business there he pur- 
chased the Pavillion in Greenbush, from whence he again removed to this 
city to take charge of Van Vechten Hall, from which place he removed to 
Hudson street, where he carried on business until his departure for New 
Orleans. Col. B. was one of the most accomplished military men we ever 
had in Albany. For twenty years past he had devoted himself to the 
service with an energy and will that won for him the respect and confi- 
dence of his fellow citizens. He held the position of private for several 
years, and went through all the non-commissioned ofiices, until he was 



160 Notes from the Newspapers. 1863. 

elected to the command of the Worth Guards, which position he held 
with honor to himself and his command until he was promoted to the 
lieutenant colonelcy of the 25th regiment, the lamented Col. Frisby being 
then in command. When Col. Frisby was appointed brigadier general of 
militia, Col. B. was promoted to the colonelcy of the regiment, and re- 
mained in command until his appointment to the colonelcy of the 175th 
regiment. When the rebellion first broke out, and Washington was 
threatened, in response to the call of the general government for imme- 
diate aid. Col. Bryan, with a patriotic ardor which all will remember, 
called his officers together, and the services of the 25th were promptly 
tendered to Gov. Morgan, who gladly accepted them. Col. B. and his 
men had not time even to arrange their business matters before orders were 
received for their departure. But they did not hesitate. They abandoned 
business, families, friends and all, and hastened to the defence of the 
capital. Arriving in Washington they were hurried across the river to 
Arlington heights, being one of the first regiments to march over the 
long bridge. They were directed to take position on the heights, which, 
at that time, was threatened by the rebels, and immediately commenced 
the erection of the fortifications now known as Fort Albany, one of the 
most formidable and best constructed earthworks in the vicinity of Wash- 
ington. The regiment remained on the heights until the expiration of its 
term of service, and then returned home, not having been engaged in 
battle, but rendering most valuable services to the country during its 
three months absence. When Washington was a second time threatened, 
and Banks overpowered by superior numbers in the valley, another call 
was made for the militia of the state. The 25th regiment was in a disor- 
ganized condition at the time, without uniforms and with thinned ranks. 
Col. B. resolved in his own mind, after consultation with some of his of- 
ficers, to again enter the field. He devoted his whole time and energies 
to filling up the ranks, and placing the regiment on a war footing, and his 
indomitable perseverance was crowned with success, for in a few days 
after orders were received he left town at the head of nearly six hundred 
men, and proceeded to Fortress Monroe, and from thence to Suffolk, Va., 
where the regiment remained for three months, and for the services ren- 
dered by it received the highest commendations of the general command- 
ing. After returning home Col. Bryan devoted himself to the reorgani- 
zation of the regiment, and was engaged in this work when Col. Corcoran 
announced his purpose to raise a brigade, having received the consent of 
the war department to do so. Col. Bryan, deeming it his duty to again 
enter the service, having received a request from Gen. Corcoran to take 
command of a regiment, promptly accepted the proposition, and again 
gave himself up wholly to the patriotic work. Those who knew the man 
best, and how unceasingly he labored to fill up his command, will bear 
willing testimony to his zeal and energy in behalf of the great cause of 
the Union. After his regiment was fully organized he received orders to 
report to Fortress Monroe, and from thence went to New Orleans, having 
been detached from the brigade. Of the services performed by him in 
command of his regiment during the Louisiana campaign it is not neces- 
sary we should speak in detail. It is sufficient to say, that he was always at 
his post, performing his duty to the satisfaction of his superior officers, and 
enjoying the entire confidence of his subordinates. The manner of his 



1863. Notes from the Newspapers. 161 

death is stated in the following letter, written by Surgeon O'Leary, of 
the 175th regiment, to the Keverened Father Wadhams of this city: 

Neav Orleans, June 18, 1863. 
Reverened Sir : It becomes my painful duty to inform you of the 
death of Col. M. K. Bryan, of your city. He was killed in an engage- 
ment before Port Hudson on Sunday morning, 14th instant. He received 
two shots; the first supposed to be a round shot, grazing the skin and 
fracturing both bones of the lower left leg; the_second, a grape shell, 
mangling the flesh and bones of the right leg, below the knee. As near 
as [ can learn, he lived about an hour after receiving his wounds. He 
seemed to feel conscious of his approaching end, and died like one going 
to sleep. I have just arrived in this city with his remains, and shall send 
them home at the earliest opportunity. Connected as I have been for the 
last two years with the military career of the departed, it was a crushing 
blow to see him laid in the cold embrace of death. A nobler man never 
lived. A braver soldier never wielded a sword. A truer Christian never 
knelt before his Maker. He has left this earth of discord and strife for 
the bright home of the saints and angels. Let us hope that his reward 
will be as great in heaven as his noble services were underrated on earth. 
May Grod have mercy on his poor family and support them in this their 
dark hour of trial. Believe me, dear father, to be 

Your very humble servant, 

C. B. O'Leary, 
Surgeon 175 regiment, N. Y. S. V, 

Not one of those who were present at the residence of the gallant sol- 
dier on the occasion of the presentation to him of his military outfit, on 
the eve of his departure for the seat of war, for a moment entertained the 
thought that he would so soon surrender his life in battling for his adopted 
country and its honor. They bade adieu to him with the full knowledge 
that wherever he might be assigned to duty he would distinguish himself. 
His devotion to the Union, and his willingness to fight for it, had been 
clearly demonstrated by the sacrifices he made when on two former occa- 
sions he abandoned his family and his business and hurried to the scene 
of danger to meet the foes of our distracted country and of liberty. If 
ever there was a pure patriot that man was Col. M. K. Bryan. He was 
actuated by no mercenary or sordid motives, and his works speak louder 
than any words we can utter. Like his lamented friend and associate — 
his tutor — Frisby, he felt that the country demanded his services, and 
he cheerfully gave them to aid in crushing out the accursed rebellion. 
Like the gallant Frisby he will be mourned by every Albanian, and the 
unbidden tears, as they trickled down the cheek of youth and the fur- 
rows of age, when the sad news was announced Saturday, were silent but 
expressive messengers of the deep sorrow that it occasioned. He died as 
a hero. His last breath was the faint utterance of the departing spirit for 
his country. His memory will he cherished with reverence by all who 
honor the brave, and fearless soldier, living or dead, and his name shall 
be inscribed on that immortal tablet which bears the record of patriotic 

devotion to country Col. Lewis Benedict writes that Major James H. 

Bogart, of the iG2-d regiment, N. Y. S. V., was among the killed in i\\Q 
assault on the 14th instant, but we have received no particulars of his 

Hist. Coll. a. 21 



162 Notes from the Neivspapers. 1863. 

death. He was formerly a clerk in the Assorting House in this city, and 
a member of the Zouave Cadets. He entered the service early in the war, 
and was subsequently appointed to the majority of the 162d. He was an 
accomplished young officer and a gallant soldier, as is attested, not only 
by his death on the field of battle, but by the willing testimony of the 

officers and men of the regiment Captain Henry S. Hurlburt, of the 

91st regiment, was also killed in the assault on the 14th. Previous to the 
breaking out of the war he was in the employ of the Central rail road. 
When the organization of the 3d regiment, under Col. Fred. Townsend, 
was commenced, he recruited Co. F, of that regiment, and went away in 
command of it. Some time after the regiment entered the service he 
resigned and came home, and the 91st regiment being in process of organ- 
ization he accepted the command of a company attached to it. He was a 
young man of fine soldierly qualities, and until the time of his death had 
escaped all the perils of battle. He had a large circle of friends and 
acquaintances in this city who will mourn the loss of the gallant soldier 

Sylvester B. Shepherd was killed at Port Hudson, aged 22. 

June 16. The laborers on the dock stopped work, demanding $1.50 a 
day for their work. They formed in procession and marched through the 

streets Nellie A., wife of Henry Broefl^e, died, aged 23 Wm. 

Lennon died, aged 54 Dorolhy, widow of John Smith, died, aged 53. 

Stephen Angus died, aged 35 Edwin A. Linsley, 177th regiment, 

N. Y. S. v., died at Bonnet Carre, La. 

June 15. The dock laborers were joined by the Central rail road laborers 
in a strike for 81.50 a day, being an advance of 37i cts. In pursuance 
of a published call, there was a large gathering of the laborers on the 
Central road at the corner of Quackeubush and Water sts. Superinten- 
dent Foster was present and announced that the road would pay ten shil- 
lings per day. The men loudly protested and refused to go to work. 
Messrs Cuttler's and AVatson's trucks were unemployed, and the depot 
presented a quiet appearance, except when an attempt was made to unload 
a car. Mr. Corning received an order for iron, IVom the west, to be 
shipped forthwith. The iron was drawn to the depot, and was thrown into 
the cars when the strikers inlerlered. Men were then sent from Mr. 
Coming's store to ]iut it in the car, l.nit they were compelled to leave. 
The parties to which it was being shipped then employed their own men, 
and the iron was jilaced in the oar, hut not without much trouble, accom- 
panied with threats. The laborers in a body walked out to West Albany, 
and paid a visit to the workshop of the (.'entral rail road. They found 
the doors closed, but they managed to get inside the buildings, and cleaned 
the shops. They retnrned to this city in the afternoon, many of them 
armed with clubs, and proceeded down State street in a body. After 
paying their respects to Mr. (Jorning they filed down South Pearl street 
with the intention of closing Davidson's sale works. Upon arrival there, 
they found the gates closed against them ; bub after remaining there a 
short time one of their sympathizers opened a side gate, when the laborers 
rushed in, and in a few moments all work was stopped. Those who were 
in Davidson's employ, and sympathized with them, left, and those who 
did not remained to renew their labors as soon as they could without fear 
of molestation. They also visited Taylor's brewery, where they burst open 
the gates, ransacking the brewing and malt houses and drove the men from 



1863. Notes from tlte Newspapers. 163 

tlieir work. They also visited Ransom's foundery and Edson's distillery. 
At llansom's they did considerable damage by stopping the men while 
pouring off the castings. They also attempted to stop the baggage men 
from working in the Ceuti'al yard, thus putting an embargo upon passenger 
travel. An attempt was made by the police to arrest two of the ringleaders, 
but they were rescued by the mob. The directors of the Central road 
met yesterday afternoon, and resolved to accede to the demands of the 
freight laborers, thus fixing their compensation at twelve shillings per day. 
The longshoremen visited barges and vessels every where and prevented 
the men from working. They could not agree upon prices among them- 
selves, and there was no disposition on the part of employers to name a 
price for them. The police were apparently powerless, and the mayor of 
the city took no steps to prevent them, although the city was virtually 

in the hands of the mob for two days The workmen employed on 

the Standard and Statesman abandoned their places, and the paper was 

not published this day in consequence Francis Masterson died, 

aged 54. 

June 17. It was fouud that a portion of the track of the Central road 
at the rocks was removed night before last, and the switches so fixed as 
to throw trains off the track. Ky these acts two locomotives were thrown 
off the track and injured. But, fortunately, it was discovered before any 
train passed over that section of the road. Yesterday morning the laborers 
reassembled with increased force, when they made a further demonstration 
on the Central road, where they drove off all the baggage handlers and 
switch tenders. They then visited the foundries of McCoy, Thatcher and 
Rathbone, and Viele's bedstead ftictory, and virtually closed them. While 
these demonstrations were being made the police force of the city was 
being assembled at the Second District station house. The mayor then 
addressed them, and said that the ringleaders of the laborers must be 
arrested. AVith the mayor and Chief Johnson at their head the police 
then started off for the scene of the most recent act of violence, the freight 
office of the New York Central rail road. Alderman Wilson, on behalf 
of the company, then took a position on the platform, and offered all who 
would go to work ^1.50 per day, and a large number came forward and 
accepted the proposition. The trackmen employed at Spencerville, who had 
been refused the same proposition, determined that the freightmen should 
not go to work unless they did, and made an attempt to enter the freight 
house and drive them from it. The police were stationed on the platform. 
As the crowd advanced they were ordered back by the mayor. Instead 
of complying with the order they commenced to hoot and yell and pelt 
the force with stones and attack them with clubs. A fight now ensued, 
lasting for some time, in which the rioters were considerably damaged 
and compelled to ftill back. In the course of the fight the mayor got 
hit in the back of the head, but without breaking the skin ; the chief 
on the back of the left hand, and officer Manning on the side of the fore- 
head, drawing blood freely. Some twenty minutes after the cessation of 
this attack Thomas Fitzpatrick, who had been in the employ of Davidson 
& Co., advanced, brandishing a clnb, and amid yells, as if to lead on 
another attach. His arrest was promptly ordered by the mayor, and 
quickly put in force by the policemen generally. Officers Scott and Ma- 
lone took him in charge and started for the Second District station house, 



164 Notes from the Newsjpapers. 1863. 

followed by a vast majority of the rioters, who commenced firing stones 
and other missiles at them. Arrived near Many & Bullock's lumber yard, 
ofl&cer Scott drew his revolver and told the crowd he would be compelled 
to use it if their demonstrations did not cease. They then passed through 
the yard, the crowd going around and getting to Orange street at about 
the same time with them. He then again warned them to keep off, dis- 
playing his revolver. Upon arriving at Maiden lane the crowd commenced 
throwing paving stones, which flew thick and fast for some time. Officer 
Malone took the prisoner in charge near the corner of Maiden lane and 
James street, to take him into the station house, the entrance of which is 
just around the corner on James street. Officer Scott remained in posi- 
tion on the corner to prevent what was believed to be an attempt to rescue 
the prisoner. He then attempted to discharge the pistol, but it failed to 
go off. The rescuers not then leaving, nor ceasing the throwing of their 
missiles, he again snapped the pistol, which this time went off, the ball 
hitting Dennis Berrigan, a printer, and one of the strikers from the 
Standard and Statesman office, who had been prominent in the firing of 
missiles all along the route, and had a stone in his hand at the time he 
was hit. The prisoner was taken to the station house and confined in a 
cell. The crowd dispersed in scattered and excited knots around the 
streets. After this occurrence some of our citizens waited upon the 
governor, and at their request he ordered down the thirty-fourth regiment 
from the barracks. Three companies proceeded to the Capitol park and 
stacked arms. They were relieved at 1 o'clock yesterday afternoon by 
the thirtieth. The twenty-fifth regiment was also called out by the sheriff, 
who sent the following notice to Col. Swift : 

Sheriff's Office, 
Albany, June 17th, 1863. 
To Colonel James Sivi/t, 2bth regiment, National Guards : 

In pursuance of provision of section 291, chapter 477, of laws of 1862, 
I do hereby make a requisition upon you for the entire regiment under 
your command to assemble immediately at the arsenal, in the city of 
Albany, and hold them in readiness subject to my order. 

Yours, H. Crandall, 

Sheriff of Albany county. 

In accordance with this order Col. Swift gave orders to his several 
captains to hold their respective companies in readiness. The reginient 
did not come out, however, as there was no necessity for their services. 
At the freight office, after the crowd had departed and the excitement 
somewhat subsided, the police cleared the space in front of the office, and 
business was quietly proceeded with, several teams loading and unloading. 
At 7 o'clock all was quiet there. At 1 o'clock the policemen were still 
on guard, the doors of the freight office locked, and work quietly pro- 
gressing. The mayor went up to the Capitol park about 3 o'clock, and 
came back with Co. A, thirtieth regiment, which formed and supported 
the police, while they cleared a large crowd from before the freight office 
and in the yards opposite. Between 4 and 5 o'clock the mayor addressed 
the crowd at the corner of Quackenbush and Water streets, informing 
them that he was authorized to say that their demands would be complied 
with. They received this announcement with cheers, and soon after 



1863. Notes from the Newspapers. 165 

dispersed. We learu from one of the directors of the Central, who reached 
here in the late morning train, that a body numbering some seventy-five 
men from this city were walking upon the track, and were within two miles 
of Schenectady. It was thought that these men would make a demon- 
stration on the company's works at that place, and compel the men to quit 
work. The delegation to Schenectady arrived there, but they did not 
interfere with the men at the Centra! freight shops. They seemed to be 
at a loss what to_ do, and confined their demonstrations to parading the 

streets of that city John Kennedy died, aged 35 Margaret Mc 

Ilvaine died. 

June 18. Quietness was in a great measure restored by the laborers 
going to work at the freight houses and on the several barge lines. The 
West Albany workmen, however, were not so fortunate, and they there- 
fore paid a visit to Mr. Corning at his residence. A committee waited 
upon him, when he was understood to say that the men should go to work ; 
that he would visit the works and communicate with them through their 
respective foremen. The crowd then dispersed. Some thoughtless person 
yesterday morning put in circulation a story that some seven hundred 
laborers were on the road coming to this city from Troy, and that they 
had stopped all the stages and vehicles on the road coming towards this 
city. Upon this representation being made to the mayor, the military 
that were under arms at the park were ordered to march to the Central 
rail road freight depot. They promptly responded to the orders of the 
mayor, and had nearly reached their destination when a halt was ordered. 
The story had been made up out of whole cloth. The stages had not been 
stopped nor was there any extraordinary number of men on the road. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Sternbergh died, aged 76 Benjamin W. Carr died 

at San Francisco, Cal., aged 30. 

June 19. William Francis died, aged 51. 

June 20. Good weather for wearing winter clothing. 

June 21. Joseph Strain died, aged 71 Charles H. Sibley, of Co. G, 

177 N. Y. S. v., died at New Orleans. 

June 22. The first appearance of the cars on the horse rail road in 
Broadway. They ran from the lumber district to the south ferry, and 

were well patronized Mrs. Margaret McGourkey died at New York 

aged 99. 

June 23. Joseph L. Harris died at Luzerne, N. Y., aged 57. 
June 24. Mary Elizabeth Lawyer died, aged 24. 

June 25. Barbara, wife of William McGuire, died Anna K., widow 

of Hiram Bromley, died at Eensselaerville, aged 39 F. S. Hurd died 

at Port Hudson ; son of the late J. N. M. Hurd. He was a member of 
Co. A, 177th regt. 

June 26. Ellen Bridgford, wife of Daniel G. Staley, died, aged 28. 

Catharine Herrle died, aged 23. 

June 27. Cyrena, wife of Hubbard Russell, died, aged 55. 
June 28. Wm. Crounse, orderly Serjeant Co. B, 177th regt., died at 
Bonnet Carre, La., aged 33. 

June 29. Mrs. Maria Harrison died, aged 87. 
June 30. Patrick Murtaugh died, aged 38. 

July 2. Ann C. Mosher, wife of P. T. Van Cott, died, aged 43 

Patrick Kearns died, aged 42 Mrs. Elizabeth Smith died, a<;ed 60. 



166 Notes from the Neicspapers. 1863. 

Michael Harrigan did at Baton Eouge,aged 18; member of 177th regt. 

Robert B. Everett of Co. E, 76th regt., was killed at Gettysburgh, 

aged 40 Wm. H.Pohlman, lieut. and acting adjt. 59th regt. was killed 

at Gettysburgh, aged 21 James 3IcGee was killed at Gettysburgh, 

aged 22. 

July 3. Thiel Bacheldor died, aged 78 Sylvester F. Shepherd died, 

aged 58 Lyman G. Scriven died at Gettysburgh. 

July 4. Carles G. Latham died at Camp Curtain, Pa., aged 27. 
July 5. Wm. H. Barlow, Co. E, 10th regiment, died at Bonnet 
Carre, La. 

July 7. A general rejoicing at the news of the fall of Vicksburgh, 
which took place on the 4th. The ringing of bells, bon fires and firing 
of cannon were kept up to a late hour ; and were accompanied by speeches, 
and fire works. 

July 8. Mary Anna Wood, wife of George W. Hogeboom, died, aged 

24 Albert Swan died, aged 27. 

July 11. Alexander Auty died, aged 63 Rebecca Yates died, 

aged 68. 

July 14. Michael Donohar died, aged 48 Mary Jane Hawley, wife 

of P]dward Fisher, died, aged 33 Andrew Lindsey died, aged 43 

Harmon N. Merriman, captain of Company H, 177th regt., N. Y. S. V., 
died at sea, from wounds received in the attack upon Port Hudson, 
aged 43. 

July 15. Phebe Cooper died, aged 84 Catharine, wife of Samuel 

Rork, died, aged 54 Arnold Nelson, formerly of Albany, died at 

Brooklyn, aged 74. 

July 16. Susan Enisly, wife of Hon. Arnold B. Watts, died at Una- 
dilla, daughter of the late Isaac Hayes. 

July 17. Good Friday for wearing winter clothing Daniel Wing 

died, aged 86 Mrs. Richard Ross died, aged 22. " , 

July 18. Peter M. Stalker died at Bonnet Carre. He was orderly 
sero-eant in Company D, 10th regiment, and was wounded in the 

shoulder at the battle of Pontachoula, which led to his death 

Nathaniel McKensie died, aged 59 Benjamin Stephens died, 

aged 25. 

July 19. Large quantities of guns in cases were received at the Arse- 
nal, and great activity prevailed in hauling them from the river and 

storing them Susan Bayard, daughter of Wm. P. Van Rensselaer, 

died at Rye, aged 28. 

July 21. A severe rain storm deluged the country, and did great 
damage to the crops. 

July 22. John N. Mead, formerly of Albany, died at Cohoes, aged 66. 

Abram S. Billson, of Company F, 177th regiment, died at Port 

Hudson of diphtheria, aged 20. 

July 23. Edward Rork died, aged 50 Patrick Murphy died, aged 35. 

July 24. Daniel Corbit died aged 35 Susan C. Babcock died, 

aged 78. 

July 25. Lizzie Anderson, wife of Charles F. Clapp, died. 
July 27. Orange R. Mosher died, aged 29. 

July 29. Johanna, wife of Patrick Bercsford died, aged 26 Samuel 

. Steele died at Strykcrsvillc, aged 79. 



1863. Notes from the Newspapers. 167 

July 31. The following is the rain record since July, 1859: 

Rain in July, 1859, 2-25 inches. 

18G0, 4-59 " 

" 1861, G51 '' 

1862, 3-69 " 

1863, 7-47 " 

Robert M. Tayler died, aged 20 Jacob Hardt died, aged 32 

Mrs. Virginia L. Ring, widow of Adam Stewart, died. 

Aug. 2. The first of a series of warm days Philip Keeler died, 

aged 28. 

Aug. 3. Annie, wife of Dr. J. M. De La Mater, died, aged 30 

Catharine Ryan died, aged 20 Judith Chambers died, aged 75 

Jerusha, wife of R. J. Harder, died, aged 60. 

Aug. 4. Mary Delavan, wife of Albion Ransom, died John Healy 

died, aged 69. 

Aug. 5. Sarah Hun, formerly of Albany, died at Oyster Bay, aged 76. 

Aug. 6. John Cahill died, aged 36 Charles Southwick died, aged 

54 Catharine, wife of Michael Lynch, died, aged 54 Albert C. 

Smith, of 177th regiment, died at Mound City, 

Aug. 7. Mrs. H. H. Crane died, aged 61 Walter Buckley, of Co. 

H., 177th regiment, died at Port Hudson, aged 25. 

Aug. 8. The first passenger train on the Susquehanna rail road ran 
out to Central Bridge, 35 miles. 

Aug. 9. William H. Fields, of Co. A, 177th regiment, died at Port 
Hudson. 

Aug. 10. James MulhoUand died, aged 30. 

Aug. 11. Temperature at 96. Great thunder storm in the afternoon ; 
Dr. Sprague's church and other buildings struck, and one person severely 
injured. Portions of the rail road were inundated and the track washed 

away Dennis Carey died, aged 38 Mary I., wife of Benjamin 

Lanehart died, aged 26 Maurice Haley died, aged 32. 

Aug. 12. John A. Coburn, master of a canal boat, was killed by Pat- 
rick Flynn in a quarrel ..Margaret McGovern died, aged 65. 

Aug. 13. At an election for colonel of the 25th regiment to fill the 
vacancy occasioned by the death of Col. James Swift, Walter S. Chui'ch 
was elected by twenty votes, being a majority of one over David Fried- 
lander Esther, wife of Henry Carey, died, aged 67 Samuel Gr. 

Loomis died at Port Hudson, aged 21. 

Aug. 14. Mrs. Hannah Benton died, aged 78 Mary A. Wooley, 

aged 25, drowned at Trenton, N. J. 

Aug. 16. Alex. F. Wheeler died at Poughkeepsie. 

Aug. 17. John M. Manny, formerly of Albany, died at Rockford, Illi- 
nois George N. Morris, of Co. I, 177th regiment, died. 

Aug. 19. E. M. Courtright died, aged 64 Mary, wife of Michael 

McLaughlin, died, aged 28 Matthews Brown died, aged 73. 

Aug. 20. Mary Brennan died, aged 22 Daniel A. Wells died, aged 

61 Mary A., wife of J. D. Turnbull, died, aged 52. 

Aug. 22. William Sherwood died, aged 65 Ellen Moakler died, 

aged 24 John Gillien died, aged 36....... Catharine, wife of Edward 

Fox, died, aged 55, 



168 Notes from the Newspapers. 1863. 

Aug. 23. John Gallien died, aged 36 Henry D. Wemple, of Co. 

A, 177th regiment, died at Memphis. 

Aug. 24. Sarah, wife of Patrick O'Rourke, died, aged 45. 

Aug. 27. Felix Kernan died, aged 57 Eliza Donahue died, aged 27. 

Aug. 28. Mrs. Julia M. Wallace died, aged 65 Patrick Leahey 

died, aged 32 Mrs. George Wright died. 

Aug. 29. Phoebe Hoffman died, aged 50 Margaret S.Graham, wife 

of James Smith, died. 

Aug. 31. Ann Lawler died, aged 85 Catharine Moakler died, aged 

31 Daniel Gallien died at Witoka, Minn., aged 26. 

Sept. 1. The 10th regiment, Col. Ainsworth. returned from duty on the 
Mississippi, and was received with much ceremony. Disease and battle 
had made sad havoc among them, and the small number that returned 
looked as though they were unfitted for business during the remainder of 
their lives. Full two hundred of the brave fellows fill southern graves, 
fifteen died on the passage home. Quite a number were left at different 
places along the route, being too seriously ill to be carried further. Of 
this nixmber scarcely any will recover. This morning we are called upon 
to announce the death of four of the poor fellows who were not permitted 
to accompany the regiment to this city — two in Rochester and two in 
Cleveland. Several members of the regiment, we regret to learn, were 
taken down with the fever yesterday, and quite a number are now suffer- 
ing very much from its debilitating effects. — Express Edward C. 

Platto, of Co. D, 177th regiment, died at Cleveland Edward W. 

Davis, of the same regiment, died on his return home, aged 18 

Elisa Ross, wife of Thomas G. Spencer, died. 

Sept. 2. Corporal John Brown, of Co. 8, 177th regiment, died, aged 

20 Henry Vanderbilt died, aged 39 (son of the late Cornelius Van- 

derbilt), member of Co. E, 12th regiment, Conn. Volunteers. 

Sept. 3. Alexander McKaig died, aged 72 Violett H., wife of 

William Barrett, died Greene C Bronson, a distinguished lawyer and 

politician, died at Saratoga, aged 74. He was a native of Oneida county, 
and practised law for a long time in Utica. In 1819 he was surrogate of 
that county ; in 1822 was member of assembly, and in 1829 was elected 
attorney general of the state, in which office he continued till 1836, when 
he became a judge of the supreme court. In 1845 he was appointed chief 
justice of that court, and two years later one of the judges of the court of 
appeals, then just organized. After leaving the bench he removed to 
New York; in 1853 was appointed collector of that port; and from 1859 
to 1863 corporation counsel. He resided in Albany nearly twenty years; 
as a lawyer, ranked among the first in the country; in politics was a 
democrat ; became a leader of the hard shell division of that party ; and 
was their candidate for governor in 1855. 

Sept. 4. Lieutenant John P. Phillips, of Co. F, 177th regiment, died. 

Gilbert Wesley Golden, of Co. F, 177th regiment, died, aged 20 

Abraham Vanderzce, formerly of Albany, was accidentally drowned at 
the Staten Island ferry. 

Sept. 5. Sarah Capron, wife of Robert Harper, died, aged 40 

Myron L. Ham, of Co. G, 177th regiment, died, aged 20. 

Sept. 6. John H. Younger, member of 177th regiment, died Catha- 
rine Moakler died, aged 67, 



'^'^-0 






1863. Notes from tlm Newspapers. 169 

Sept. 7. Mrs. Hannah, wife of James Muir, died, aged 75. 

Sept. 8. Laura Collins died Russell W. Coneys, of the 177th regi- 
ment, died. Green Hall died, aged 80 Charles Hagen died, aged 

81 Mary Ann Berthol died, aged 36. 

Sept. 9. Thomas Wardrobe died at Cleveland on his return from Port 

Hudson. He was a member of Co. F, 177th regiment Samuel Kelly, 

of Co. A, 177th regiment, died, aged 21 Jas. Claffey died, aged 23. 

Chas. C. Baker, of Co. E, 91st regiment, died at New Orleans, aged 35. 

Sept. 10. George Elder Jr., of Co. F, 177th regiment, died, aged 18. 
John Maher'died, aged 22 Ellen Daly, wife of Michael O. Hol- 
land, died, aged 23 John Kearney died, aged 21. 

Sept. 12. Robert Strong died, aged 89. Mr. Strong was a native of 
Ireland, came to Albany in the early part of this century, and was a mem- 
ber of the First Presbyterian church. He was respected for his intelli- 
gence and probity, and his old age was solaced by the prosperity of his 
sons John H. Loucks died, aged 76. 

Sept. 13. John Taylor died, aged 73. He was one of the most success- 
ful brewers in the country; was mayor of the city in 1848, and was an 
upright and benevolent citizen. Mr. Taylor was born in the county of 
Durham, England, in March, 1790, In 1791 his fiither emigrated to this 
country, residing temporally at Brooklyn, but in 1793 fixed his residence 
permanently in this city. The deceased, therefore, has resided for seventy 
years in Albany. Mr. Taylor embarked in business as a tallow chandler 
with his father as a silent partner, when he was but seventeen years old. 
In 1808 his factory was consumed by fire, by which means he was deprived 
of all his earnings, and his father gave him credit to rebuild his factory, 
and resumed business successfully, but at the end of two years the same 
devouring element left him again penniless. Soon after the last fire he 
hired a small factory, and after a few years of devoted industry paid his 
debts and accumulated a small capital. But the destroyer came a third 
time ! Undismayed, however, with the assistance of his father, he started 
again, only to be again burnt out! And now, in 1813, exempted 
from accidents by fire, Mr. Taylor's fortunes changed. About this time 
he became an arnay contractor, from which he made money. In 1822 he 
became a brewer, a business which he has prosecuted with indomitable 
energy for more than forty years, and from which he has realized an ample 
fortune. Two of his sons (one in New York and the other in Boston) as 
partners, conducted the business in those cities. They have maintained a 
high credit, and conducted their affairs with proverbial integrity. When 
Mr, Taylor was mayor of our city he owed his election more to his 
personal popularity than to the strength of his party. In speaking of Mr. 
Taylor as public-spirited, we mean to say that he cooperated actively and 
gave freely to all objects promotive of the city's welfare, the improvement 
of society, and the amelioration of the poor. His intervals from labor Mr. 
Taylor gave to reading, having accumulated a library larger and more 
valuable than any other in the city. Mr. Taylor's eldest son died a few 
months since at Boston. His widow, two sons and a daughter survive 
him. In his industry, enterprise, integrity, philanthropy and virtues, 
crowned as the}^ were with honor and fortune, John Taylor leaves examples 
which will stimulate young men to follow in his footsteps that they may 
enjoy his rewards. — Joia-nal Joel Rathbone died in Paris, aged 57. 

UlsL Coll. a. 22 



170 Notes from the Newsjpapers. 1863. 

The news of the death of Mr. Rathbone following so closely upon the 
decease of John Taylor is doubly impressive. They were each represen- 
tative men, and in their spheres have each left their impress, before 
almost any of their contemporaries, upon the business prosperity of the 
city. They were alike in their enterprise, energy and integrity, and in 
the high regard entertained for them by their fellow citizens. Both leave 
behind them the " odor of a good name," and the memories of both will 
be gratefully cherished by all who knew them in the social and business 
walks of life. Joel Rathbone was born in Suleni, Conn., August 3d, 1806. 
He came to Albany to reside in the fall of 1822, as a clerk to his brother, 
V. W. Rathbone, with whom, two years afterwards, he became associated 
in business. In 1827, as one of the firm of Heermans, Rathbone & Co., 
he commenced the wholesale stove business ; and in 1829, by the death of 
Mr. Heermans, succeeded to the business which he continued in his own 
name until 1841, when at the early age of o5, with a well earned fortune, 
he retired from active mercantile pursuits to the enjoyment of country 
life. Kenwood, which he laid out and beautified, and where for many 
years he resided, furnishes ample evidence of his cultivated and exquisite 
taste. Although he so early retired from the formal pursuits of business, 
Mr. Rathbone has been actively connected with many of the public enterprises 
and institutions of the city. He was vice president of the State Bank, presi- 
dent of the Exchange Company, and an active cobperator in, and generous 
contributor to most of the benevolent enterprises of the day. He was a con- 
scientious and consistent Christian, and a devoted and affectionate husband, 
father and friend. He will be missed most by those who were brought most 
intimately in contact with him, while his business associates and fellow citi- 
zens will mourn his departure as that of a man of the noblest virtues, of the 
highest integrity, and of the purest patriotism. Although he died in a foreign 
land, he was surrounded by most of his family, was cheered by their pres- 
ence and comforted by the assurance of an enduring rest in that other land, 

which had become to him a divine reality. — Journal Michael Gore 

died, agei 49 Anna Josephine Thayer, wife of James Redfern, died. 

Sept. 14. Richard Roessle died, aged 21 Susan Ross died, aged 

21 Ellen, wife of Thomas Brady, died in New York. 

Sept. 15. The directors of the Susquehanna rail road gave an excursion 

to Schoharie, as a formal opening of the road Bridget, wife of Richard 

O'Connell, died, aged 45 Laura S. Townsend, widow of John S. 

Walsh, died Nancy McCarty died, aged 48 Mary A. G-aniion 

died, aged 35. 

Sept. 16. Betsey, wife of Harry Tibbets, died, aged 60. 

Sept. 17. Catharine J. Green, wife of Lawson A. Scott, died, aged 24. 

Sept. 18. The common council appropriated $200,000 to pay commu- 
tation of such persons as should be drafted Albert Wing died, aged 

22 Elizabeth Tracy, widow of Lemuel Jenkins, died James Quigly 

was drowned; his body being found on the 24th at the foot of Lawrence 

street Capt. Augustus Barker, of the 5th New York cavalry, died 

near Kelly's Ford, Va., aged 22. On the 16th his regiment had moved 
from Hartwood Church and crossed to the southern side of the Rappa- 
hannock. Capt. Barker was left behind in charge of the troops picketing 
the river : and on the 17th, while on the march to rejoin his regiment, as 
he was riding with a single man some distance in front of the column, he 



1863. Notes from tlie Newspapers. 171 

was fired upon by guerrillas, concealed in the adjoining wood. Two balls 
took effect, one in the right side and the other in the left breast, each 
inflicting a mortal wound. He was immediately carried to the house of 
Mr. Harris Freeman, near Mount H0II3' Church, about one mile from the 
ford. From this gentleman and liis family the dying soldier received the 
most tender attentions. Everything in their power was done to alleviate 
his sufferings, but he survived his wounds only twelve hours. Capt. 
Barker was the youngest son of William H. Barker, Esq., and a grandson 
of the late William James, of this city. He was beloved by his comrades, 
as by all who knew him, for the manliness of his character and the 
generosity of his disposition. His promotion was the just reward of his 
good conduct and honorable service. His valor and patriotism had been 
tried in many battles, and by the more dreadful horrors of Richmond 
prisons. He survived all these to perish, in the flower of his youth, by 
the hands of rebel assassins. Capt. Barker's funeral will take place this 
afternoon, at 3 o'clock, from St. Peter's Church. — Times. 

Sept. 19. Edwin C. Hubbard, youngest son of Edwin Hubbard, for- 
merly of Albany, died at Glen's Falls, aged 17. 

Sept. 20. Van Rensselaer Jacobs died, aged 21 John Hoy died, 

aged 48. 

Sept. 21. Catharine McGovern died, aged 44 Catharine, wife of 

Stephen V. Thornton, died, aged 39. 

Sept. 22. The remains of Col. M. K. Bryan arrived in town. 

Sept. 23. The most sacred festival of the year was observed by the 
Jews — the Day of Atonement' — and was celebrated by appropriate and 
solemn religious ceremonies in tlieir synagogues. Their places of busi- 
ness were closed at six o'clock Tuesday evening, and remained so until 
six o'clock this evening. Among the strict adherents of the ancient 

faith, no food or drink was used between the hours above specified 

At the annual election for ofiicers of the Albany Bridge Company, the 
following persons were chosen: Erastus Corning, Albany; Dean Rich- 
mond, Buffalo; Samuel Sloan, New York; Chester W. Chapin, Spring- 
field; William H. Swift, Boston ; Sidney T. Fairchild, Cazenovia ; Henry 
H. Martin, Albany; John V. L. Pruyn, Albany; Leonard W. Jerome, 

New York The funeral of Col. M. K. Bryan took place, attended by 

the military and firemen. The funeral escort, consisting of the 5th 
Wisconsin volunteers, Col. Allen, and the 25th regiment, N. G., moved 
at 2^ o'clock, and passed down State street through a crowded thorough- 
fare. The hearse was flanked by the Worth Guards as a guard of 
honor, and followed by the relatives of the deceased, the ofiicers of the 
177th regiment N. Y. Volunteers, the mayor and common council in 
carriages. The fire department, under Chief Engineer McQuade, turned 
out in goodly numbers, and followed in order, together with other civic 

associations Thomas W. Van Alstyne, late sheriff of Albany county, 

died George Nash died, aged 58 Timothy Mahony died, aged 65. 

Charles ]3rown died, aged 37 Ann Johnson died, aged 35 

Dr. James Cox died, aged 54 Thomas Slatterly died, aged GO. 

Sept. 24. The new street railway company of this city was organ- 
ized by the appointment of James Kidd, president; George Dawson, 
vice president; L. D. Holstein, secretary; and C W. Armstrong, trea- 
surer; the president, vice president ex-officio, C. Comstock, H. J. Hast- 



172 Notes from the Newspa-pers. 1863. 

ings and Gr. C. Davidson, executive committee. Measures to be taken 

for the immediate construction of the road Stephen Paddock died, 

aged 6t Mary Lamb died, aged 65 Phebe, wife of Wm. Pearcey, 

died, aged 75 Matilda Ann Williams, wife of Joseph Stanton, died, 

aged 33. 

Sept. 26. Catharine Dugan died, aged 77. 

Sept. 27. Edward Burns died at Chattanooga, Tenn., of wounds re- 
ceived in battle. 

Sept. 28. The draft took place Elizabeth Flynn died, aged 17 

Caroline S. Fuller, wife of Wm. Eggleston, died at Rock City, 111., 
formerly of Albany. 

Sept. 29. Second day of the draft The remains of Richard M. 

Strong were interred in the cemetery The Rev. William Bailey was 

installed pastor of the Third Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in the 
evening The doings of the police for the quarter ending Septem- 
ber 3d, 1863, show that the number of arrests made greatly exceed 
those made in any other quarter since the organization of the depart- 
ment. This may be attributable in some degree to the fact that during 
a part of this period a special force of policemen was on duty. But it is 
traceable, to a still greater extent, to the steady growth of the city and a 
corresponding increase of crime. The force was inadequate in numbers 
to the proper performance of the many duties expected of it. The 
patrol beats were too extensive; and past circumstances clearly proved 
that, were the number of men assigned to each of them doubled, the 
advantages resulting therefrom to tax payers, in the greater security 
that would be afforded their persons and property, would greatly out- 
weigh the additional expenses incurred. 

Assault with intent to kill, 7 Petit lai-ceny 114 

Assault and battery, 364 Receiving stolen goods, 3 

Assault and battery on officer, 9 Rescuing prisoners 3 

Aiding escape of prisoner, 3 Robbery, 1 

Affray, 27 Violating city ordinance, 25 

Assault, 1 Vagrancy, 40 

Attempt to commit larceny, 2 Embezzlement, 1 

Attempt to bribe, 1 Forgery, 10 

Attempt to produce abortion, 1 False pretences, 12 

Burglary 14 Murder, 1 

Breach of the peace, 183 Pickpockets, 1 

Bastardy, 2 Search warrants, 15 

Constructive larceny, 9 Contempt of court, 4 

Passing counterfeit money, 8 Indecent exposure of person, ... 1 

Deserters, 101 Indecent language in the street, 4 

Disorderly persons, neglect to sup- Selling liquor without license, ... 2 

port families, 20 Selling liquor on Sunday, 1 

Disorderly persons, common prosti- Fugitive from justice, 1 

tutes 31 Petit larceny, second offence, 2 

Disorderly house, 11 Seduction, 2 

Defrauding the government, 1 Wilful trespass, 2 

Grand larceny, 32 

Homicide, 2 Total, 1,427 

Insanity, 16 

Intoxication, 265 Coroner's inquest, 21 

Misdemeanors, 46 Lost children, 60 

Malicious mischief, 26 Lodgers, 458 

Money taken from prisoners and returned $9,071 35 



1863. Notes from the Newspapers. 173 

Ann Ward, wife of Patrick English, died, aged 26 Henry 

Shilde, aged 33 John Gates died, aged 71 John Murphy died, 

aged 60 Thomas Jones died, aged 58. 

Oct. 1. Dr. Ebenezer Emmons died at Brunswick, N. C, aged 65. 
He was formerly a resident of Albany, and a professor in the Medical 
College. His name stands high among the men of science whom this 
country has produced, particularly in the science of geology, and is 
identified with the geological survey of the state. At the time of his 
death, which will be widely regretted, he was engaged upon a geological 

survey of North Carolina James Hamilton died, aged 71 Mary 

Ann, wife of Owen O'Neil, died, aged 45 John P. De Forest died, 

aged 52 Thomas Pagan died Richard Purcell died at Mobile, 

aged 45. 

Oct. 3. A fire destroyed the foundry of P. W. Lamb, in Tivoli Hollow, 

and two adjoining frame buildings lost Gilbert Marselus died at 

Poughkeepsie. 

Oct. 4. The dwelling house of Eev. Wm. James was entered by bur- 
glars while the family was at church, and robbed of valuables to the 

amount of 8500. The front basement door was forced Frederick 

Pforth died, aged 50. He had been supervisor of the 9th ward. 

Oct. 5. William H. Frame died, aged 34 Patrick Murphy died, 

aged 35 James Devereaux died, aged 64 Louis Reehl, orderly 

sergeant of Co. K, 177th regiment, died, aged 25. He was formerly a 
member of the 25th regiment (late Col. Bryan), and was one of the first 
to respond to the call of the country of his adoption for the defence of its 
capital. The privations he suffered and hardships he endured only nerved 
him for still greater and more active duties. He became orderly sergeant 
of Co. G, 10th regt., N. G., and discharged his duties faithfully till worn 
out by sickness and disease. He came home only to linger for a few 

short days and receive his final discharge George W. Halliday, of - 

Co. H, 177th regiment, died, aged 24 Hon. Erastus Corning resigned 

his seat in congress. 

Oct. 6. Pilgrina Staalsmith died, aged 64 Matilda Cross died, aged 

35 Kyran Hyland died, aged 60. 

Oct. 7. Daniel Behan died Mrs. Maria D. Nash died. 

Oct. 8. John Monhan died, aged 49 Richard Daniels died, aged 36. 

Oct. 9. Zelis Tavern. — This noted wooden structure on Hawk street, 
between State and Washington avenue, which for more than half a cen- 
tury has been a rendezvous for farmers, where they could put up their 
teams and get a good dinner, has at last yielded to the march of improve- 
ment, and is being torn down. In the good old days of stage coaches to 
Utica over the turnpike, it was known throughout the west as a quiet and 
well kept stopping place for travelers, and was a favorite resort for dealers 
in cattle. In a few days the old swing sign and the old yellow front will 
have disappeared to give place to another structure for state purposes. — 

Express Richard James died, aged 36 Jacob Gunther died, aged 

59 Charlotte, wife of David H. Woodruff, died, aged 53 John 

Murphy died, aged 50. 

Oct. 11. Dr. Frank J. Mattimore died, aged 29. 

Oct. 13. Mary Maher died, aged 94 Thomas Gallagher died, aged 

38 Lillj) wife of John Laughlin, died, aged 78. 



174 Notes from tlie Newspapers. 1863. 

Oct. 14. Andrew McClyment died, aged 61. 

Oct. 15. Catharine A. Quackenbush died, aged IS. 

Oct. 16. John Burns died, aged 23 James Millington died, aged 

44 Mrs. Eliza Kingsbury died, aged 75. 

Oct. 17. Mrs. Margaret Thompson, widow of Robert Orr, died, aged 
83 Edward Fox died, aged 52. 

Oct. 18. James McBride died, aged 56. 

Oct. 19. The construction of the bridge over the Hudson river at Albany 

was begun The old North river steam boat North America, formerly a 

favorite on the People's line of Albany boats, sunk yesterday at Algiers, 
opposite this city. She recently came down the river, and was lying off 
Canal street, when, from some inexplicable cause, she commenced rapidly 
sinking. She was immediately started across the river for Algiers, and 
run up on land and placed in a safe position. No cargo on board and no 

one hurt Abram H. Weaver, member of Co. F, 177th regiment, died, 

aged 22 Nathaniel Davis, formerly of Albany, died at Elizabeth, N. 

J., aged 45. 

Oct. 20. Annette E. Todd died, aged 26 Mrs. Elizabeth Oothout 

died, aged 77. 

Oct. 24. John McGraw drowned himself in the basin at the foot of 

Division street Captain Daniel S. Wasserbach died, aged 24, at Folly 

island, S. C, of typhoid fever. He enlisted as a private in the 3d regi- 
ment, and rose to the captaincy of a company Charles K. Pohlman 

died at Utica. 

Oct. 25. Dr. S. Saunders died suddenly, " from neglect and exposure." 

Oct. 26. Charles I. Shaver died, aged 65. 

Oct. 27. John Stackpole died, aged 57. He was in his usual excellent 
and exuberant health the day before, and arose as usual yesterday morning. 
About 6 o'clock he went into the yard attached to his house, and while 
there he was found prostrated by a fit. He was brought into the house 
and died shortly after. The deceased was the head of a large ftimily, and 
by his industry, integrity and intelligence had acquired a competency. 
He was an influential and respectable member of the present board of 
aldermen. In all the relations of life he bore an unblemished character, 

and his death will be widely regretted Catharine, wife of Richard 

Lawless, died, aged 44 Ellen Sullivan, wife of Luke Burns, died, aged 

32 Ellen, wife of James Chester, died in New York. 

Oct. 28. Patrick Costigan died, aged 50 Francis Berney died, aged 

23 Harvey Hermsdorf died, aged 31 Ann, wife of John Laugh- 

lin, died, aged 32. 

Oct. 29. Catharine Ford, widow of Darby Felly, died, aged 62 

Edward Reynolds died, aged 26. 

Oct. 30. Rev. James Rooney died, aged 70, chancellor of the Catholic 
diocese of Albany. This venerable clergyman was born in Leixlip. county 
of Kildare, Ireland, in January, 1794, and came to this country in October, 
1817. He soon after entered on his studies for the ministry, and was 
ordained a priest at Boston by the late Bishop Fenwick, about the year 1827. 
He went, in the course of the summer following, to Paris, where he officiated 
for eleven years — having been attached, the most of that time, to the church 
of St. Roch, in that city, enjoying the respect and regard of his superiors 
and his flock. Father Rooney returned to the United States in October, 



1863. Notes from the Newspapers. 175 

1839, and was immediately sent, by Bishop Hughes, to Plattsburgh, Clinton 
county, where he labored in the Lord's vineyard for fifteen years and six 
months. He was greatly beloved by his congregation, and highly esteemed 
and respected by all classes of citizens, who saw, with sincere regret, his 
departure from among them in the spring of 1855, when he was called to 
this city by Bishop McCloskey, by whom he had been appointed chancel- 
lor of the diocese of Albany, Father Rooney has resided here since that 
time ; and, though advanced in life, performed the active duties of his 
profession with unabated zeal — so that it may be truly said that he died 
in the harness. He was particularly venerated by the young children of 
his neighborhood, who used to crowd around him on the summer even- 
ings to listen to his words of kindness and love. Of ihe cause of tempe- 
rance he was a strong advocate, both by precept and example ; for, during 
the last thirty years of his life he never drank anything stronger than tea 
or cott'ee. Simple in his habits — mild and unassuming in his demeanor 
— profoundly imbued with a sense of his holy calling — he lived a life 
of great usefulness ; and, in his death, has richly earned the promised 
welcome : " Well done, thou good and faithful servant; enter into the joy 

of thy Lord. — Journal Elizabeth Brennan, widow of Patrick Kelly, 

died, aged 55 Bridget, wife of Patrick Lynch, died, aged 35 

Timothy Keough died, aged 40. 

Oct. 31. Patrick Borden died, aged 45 Philip Condon died, aged 57. 

Nov. 2. Ground was broken for the horse rail road in State street, from 

Broadway to the Capitol William Annesley died, aged 71 Mrs. 

Elizabeth x\rnold, wife of Col. E. Jewett, died at Utica, aged 61 

Michael Carroll died, aged 30. 

Nov. 3. Mary Sewell died, aged 36 Eliza Isdall died, aged 35. _ 

Nov. 4. James Gr. Young, formerly of Albany but late of Troy, died 
in this city, aged 68 — falling suddenly from his chair while conversing. 
Nov. 5. Rev. Wm. A. Miller died, aged 40. The deceased was the 
second son of Mr. William C Miller. He was the grandson of those 
sainted men whose memory the Dutch Church will never cease to revere, 
viz: Christian Miller, of Albany, and Isaac L. Kip, of New York. He 
graduated with the honors of the institution at Union College in 1842. 
He entered the Theological Seminary at New Brunswick in the fall of 
that same year, and was licensed to preach in 1845. His first settlement 
was over the Reformed Dutch Church at Glenham, in Dutchess county. 
With heart-earnestness and an entire consecration to his work, he gave 
himself up to the duties of his ministry. In consequence of his unwearied 
assiduity his health became impaired, and he was compelled to resign his 
call and seek rest. When in the kind providence of God his health was 
so far restored as to admit of a resumption of active labor, he accepted 
the professorship of languages in the Albany Academy, which position he 
filled with great acceptance. The presidency of the institution becoming 
vacant. Dr. Miller was unanimosly chosen to fill the post. In this choice, 
the board of trustees gave expression of their confidence in his fitness, and 
of their high sense of his Christian worth. He continued in this position, 
discharging the duties with marked ability, until, from a conscientious 
sense of his ministerial responsibility, he felt that it was his duty to assume 
again the sacred work of the pastorate. His desire was granted. ^ A call 
from the Reform Dutch Church at Rhinebeck was placed in his hand, 



176 Notes from tlie Newspa^pers. 18G3. 

which he accepted. His ministry in this church, though short, and dis- 
charged under great physical disability, was a blessed one, and his name 
is to-day cherished in that church with sacred and heart-felt love. All 
hope of being restored to health being abandoned, to the great regret of 
the church, he was compelled to resign. For several years he had resided 
in Albany, gradually declining, until at last the Master whom he loved 
and served has called him home. In every position which he has occupied, 
he discharged the duties with fidelity, energy, and success. Gifted with 
a mind weft balanced and thoroughly cultivated, he was qualified for wide 
spread usefulness. As a scholar he was accurate, well read, and fully 
equal to the standard of modern criticism. As a teacher he was thorough, 
analytical and instructive. As a preacher he was sound in the faith, clear 
in his presentation of truth, logical in his reasoning, practical in his ex- 
position, and forcible in his appeals. As a Christian he was meek in 
spirit, ardent in piety, and earnest in his endeavors to secure the salvation 
of souls. In the varied and tender relations of the home, he was all that 
the loving heart could desire, or duty might require. Hence his name 
and memory will ever be as ointment poured fourth to the wide circle of 

friends and weeping loved ones who now mourn his departure Lavina 

Van Evera Hofi" died, aged 85. 

Nov. 6. Anna, widow of Jeremiah Lawlor, died, aged 64. 
Nov. 7. Elisha W. Skinner died, aged 86. This well known, venerable 
and estimable citizen died in this city, where he has resided for nearly 
seventy years. He came from Hartford, Conn., when a boy, and served 
an apprenticeship to the printing business with C R. & Gr. Webster, in 
the old Albany Gazette ofiice. Soon after his time was out he became a 
partner with the Messrs. Webster, and, with a brief interval, continued 
thus associated until his partners died, when he continued the book busi- 
ness until 1845. Since that time, he has served as assistant in the State 
Library. He was a gentleman of the old school, and leaves a wife, 
daughter and two sons — the inheritors of his good name and unostenta- 
tious virtues Susan Cassaday, wife of the Rev. Henry N. Pohlman, died. 

Samuel Barriskill of Co. C, 7th regt., N. Y. S. V., died, aged 21 

Augusta 31., wife of P. Irwin, died, aged 29 John A. Christo- 
pher, aged 18, was killed in an engagement near Rappahannock station, 
Virginia. 

Nov. 8. Mary Duff" died, aged 45 Jacob Sandleitner died, aged 59. 

Margaret, widow of Jacob Stack died, aged 45. 

Nov. 9. Dennis Brink died, aged 70. 
Nov. 10. Abraham F. Lansing died, aged_17. 

Nov. 11. Dev. Dr. William Rudder, rector of St. Paul's Church, ten- 
, dered his resignation, having accepted a call from St. Stephen's Church, 

Philadelphia Michael liiggins died, aged 48 Michael Gallagher 

died, aged 23 Royal Coweft died, aged 61. 

Nov. 12. At a meeting of the St. Andrew's Society, held November 
12th the following gentlemen were elected officers for the ensuing year : 
James Ray, president; Thomas McCredic, 1st vice president; Donald Mc 
Donald, 2d vice president; Rev. E. Halley, chaplain; Dr. L. G. Warren, 
physician ; James Wilson, treasurer ; John McHaffie, secretary ; John F. 
Smyth, assistant secretary ; James Dickson, Hugh Dickson, Daniel Came- 
ron, William Mauson, Robert McHaffie, managers The store of C. 



18G3. Notes frcmi the Newsprqjers. 177 

Treadwell & Sou robbed of .S4,000 worth of furs Cornelius Kerasy 

died, aged 62' Wm. Martin died, aged 74. 

Nov. 14. Michael Lyons died, aged 46 Mary, wife of Daniel Cun- 
ningham died Joseph Stringer died, aged 65. 

Nov. 15. John Callahan died, aged 45 Agnes, wife of Matthew 

Hamilton, died, aged 43 A.nn Seagrave died, aged 80. 

Nov. 16. John New died, aged 42 Charlotte T. Moore died, aged 

21 Benjamin Ward died, aged 71 Daniel Leonard died, aged 92 

Mellen Battell died, aged 76. He was an Albany mechanic, who 

gave much attention to subjects of engineering and mechanics, and had 
ofiginaJ notions upon almost all the attempts made in his day for the im- 
provement of navigation and the construction of machinery to be moved 
by steam. The newspapers occasionally contained his speculations on 
these subjects. At his shop in Water street he manufactured steam en- 
gines of a construction peculiar to himself, and was the inventor of 
various labor saving machines, which did not attract atttention and were 
not successful. There was a lack of good and accurate workmanship 
about his productions. In 1822, before the Erie canal was completed, 
he appJied both the steam wheel and screw with a view to their use in- 
transportation, and at the time of the enlargement of the canal, nearly 
forty years afterwards, when experiments were again made for that pur- 
pose, he claimed that his success had been as good. He succeeded in 
making eight miles an hour in still water; but it was low water then and 
low bridges, he had to encounter the opposition of the combined packet 
interest, he says, without encouragement from the public. He published 
a couimuuicatiou on the subject in the Evening Journal, Oct. 21, 1858. 

Nov. 17. William Cleary died, aged 66. 

Nov. 18-. Gate J., wife of George R. McClelland, died, aged 28 

Miss Susannah Newton died John H. Connelly died, aged 33, mem- 
ber of 63d regiment. 

Nov. 19. Lavisa Reed, wife of R. L. Spelman, died Thomas Mc 

Govern died, aged 46 Margaret Elizabeth McNeely, wife of William 

Hunter, died, aged 88 Esther, wife of Capt. Stephen A. Sherwood, 

died at Glen's Falls; formerly of Albany James McQuade died at 

Victoria, Van Couver's Island, of congestion of the brain. 

Nov. 20. Jackson Bigelow died, aged 64 Hernianus Elias Claassen 

died, aged 69 Bernard Cain died, aged 19, of Co. E, 177th regiment. 

Catharine Pennyfeather died, aged 40 Mrs. Helen L. Parmelee, 

daughter of Dr. T. R. Beck, died at Croton. 

Nov. 21. Angeliue Thurman, wife of Lucas H. McChesuey, died, aged 

50 Julia, wife of Patrick O'Leary, died, aged 80 Marshall Scott 

died, aged 65. 

Nov. 22. Elizabeth W. Oothout died, aged 19 Harmon Campbell 

died, aged 34 Barbara Chestney died, aged 66 John W. Coughtry 

died, aged 29. 

Nov. 23. William J. Bronson died, aged 22 Bartholomew Mullins 

died, aged 49. 

Nov. 24. ]Miehael Hearns died, aged 22 Mary Savage died, aged 

68 William Nolan died, aged 18. 

Nov. 26, Thomas A. Mecgan died, aged 26, 

Hwt. Coll. a 23 



178 Notes from the Newspapers. 1863. 

Nov. 29. Mrs. Mary Higham died, aged 91. Elizabeth Riddle died, 

aged 19 Patrick Dillou ^died, aged 42 George W. Martin died, 

aged 35 Mrs. Elizabeth Conklin died, aged 63 Christopher Grim- 
wood Burn died, aged 24, member of 18th regiment, N. Y. S. V. 

Nov. 30. Charles Phillips, aged 47, was shot dead with a pistol by 

Matthew Brumaghim at the Delavan House Elizabeth Beetham 

died, aged 55 Hannah, widow of Andrew 0. McDonald, died, aged 

85 Betsey, wife of Andrew Corning, died, aged 68. 

Dec. 1. James L'Amoreux died William Walsh died William 

Faulds died, aged 27. 

Dec. 3. Ellen, wife of Thomas Murray, died, aged 36. 

Dec. 4. Clarissa, wife of Adam Lehr, died, aged 59 Timothy Fahey 

died, aged 28. 

Dec. 5. The steam boat Isaac Newton on her upward trip exploded a 
boiler, causing the death of several persons, and the loss a very valuable 

freight and the baggage of the passengers Daniel Ertzberger died, 

aged 76 Thomas Glennan died, aged 26 Francis McNaughton 

died, aged 58 James Pendergast died, aged 25. 

Dec. 6. James Smith died, aged 38 Thomas Dwyer died, aged 47. 

Ann Jane Dexter died, aged 63 Philip A. Edinger died of 

injuries received at the disaster to the Isaac Newton ; aged 40. 

Dec. 7. Sarah T. Fenn, wife of Amos Dodge, died, aged 53 Mary 

Kinsella died, aged 27. 

Dec. 8. Richard Joice died, aged 86. 

Dec. 9. George Kennedy died, aged 45. 

Dec. 10. The river temporarily closed by ice. The temperature was 

11 degrees in the morning Cornelia Ellis, wife of Josiah Carr, died, 

aged 31 Elizabeth, wife of George Smith, died, aged 38. 

Dec. 11. Cold morning; wind changed to south, and snow fell at 

evening, the first of the season A fiercely contested election for ofiicers 

of the Central rail road closed, in which 181,603 shares were represented, 
with the following result : 

OLD BOARD. OPPOSITION. 

Erastus Corning,.. 124,802 Hiram Sibly, 59,149 

Alonzo C. Paige, 121,881 Russel Sage 59,149 

Jolni V. L. Pruyn, 124,071 Thomas W. Olcott, 59,149 

Nathaniel Thayer, 122,504 Kufiis H. King 56,851 

Livingston Spralver, 122,879 Edward Learned, 59,149 

Jacob Gould, 120,991 Chester W. Chapin, 59,772 

Cornelius Tracy, 122,504 John P. Moore, 59,149 

Charles H. Russel, 121,014 Moreau Delano, 59,772 

Richard M. Blatchford, ,... 122,504 Edward G. Faile, 00,039 

Henry 11. Martin, 122,504 William F. Weld, 56,851 

Freeman Clarke, although not on the regular opposition ticket, received, 890 

Amy Clinton died, aged 78 Nancy, wife of Henry Pottenburgh, 

died John M. Johnson died, aged 49. 

Dec. 12. Rain storm, which dissipated the snow that had fallen and a 

propeller reached the city from New York during the previous night 

Joseph Hannigan died aged 23 Catharine K., wife of James 

McCounell, died, aged 35. 



1863. Notes froyn the Neicspapers. 179 

Dee. 13. Mrs. Catharine Notes died, aged 19. 

Dec. 14. Water over the docks and the river full of running ice 

Matthew Fogarty died, aged 55 Mrs. Hannah Messenger died, 

aged 94. 

Dec. 15. William Garrett died aged 22 Caroline Kendall, wife of 

Stephen J. Haskell, died, aged 42 Mrs. Auger died, aged 60. 

Dec. 16. Garret Vosburgh, aged 65, was found dead sitting in a chair. 

Dec. 17. Snow began to fall at 8 o'clock in the morning, which turned 

to hail at midday, and continued into the night Chauncey H. Wasson 

died, aged 45. 

Dec. 18. Rain Bernard Fox died, aged 59 John P. Carrigan 

died, aged 42 George W. Cower died by suicide. 

Dec. 19. Mary, wife of Philip Coyle, died, aged 39 Annie Weir, 

wife of Jeremiah Grogan, died, aged 23. 

Dec. 20. William Barrett died, aged 54 Anne Clark died, aged 45. 

Dec. 21. Ever since the completion of the rail road running from 
Albany to Cohoes, Waterford and the Junction, trains have entered the 
village of West Troy by means of the Y track, and stopped at the depot, 
a short distance from the ferry. The establishment of the horse railway, 
however, has so far diminished this business that the Rensselaer and 
Saratoga railway company concluded to discontinue the practice of 

backing down the Y, on and after this date Cornelius Hanrihan 

died, aged 82. 

Dec. 22. The edifice erected in South Pearl street for a theatre in 
1825, and occupied by St. Paul's Church since 1839, had recently been 
refitted for theatrical purposes, and was opened this evening under the 
name of Academy of llusic. For an hour before the advertised time of 
opening, the doors of the new Academy were besieged by a large crowd, 
and long before the hour of commencing the house was completely filled. 
The peformances commenced with the singing of the national anthem by 
the entire company, after which the opening address, written by James D. 
Pinckney, Esq., was finely delivered by 3Iiss Annie Waite, following 
which, The Lady of Lyons was most capitally performed. The perform- 
ers were enthusiastically received, and loudly applauded during the per- 
formance. Despite all the usual drawbacks of a first night, the commence- 
ment was a perfect success. — Times William Newton Patten died, 

aged 18. 

Dec. 23. Martin Ellis died, aged 17 Mary A., widow of John G. 

Vedder died, aged 50 John V. Bradt died, aged 63 Sylvester 

Watson died at St. Paul, Min., aged 36. 

Dec. 25, Chester Packard died, aged 65 Hiram Perry Jr. died at 

Pottsville, Pa. He was one of the first volunteers in 1861. 

Dec. 26. The State street bridge, which was destroyed several years 
ago, was now so far completed as to admit of being crossed by foot 
passengers. 

Dec. 27. The funeral of Lieuts. Rosche and Klizer of Co. K, 177th 

regt., was largely attended by several associations and the military 

John A. McKown, late of Albany, died at Troy. 

Dec. 28. John J. Roessle died, aged 17 Bridget, wife of James 

]?urke, died. 

Dec. 29. The following gentlemen were elected directors of the Albany 



180 Notes from the Neicspajpe^t^s. 1863. 

and Schenectady turnpike company for the ensuing year, viz : Jacob 
H. Ten Eyck, Stephen Van RensseUier, Richard Van Rensselaer, Volk^rt 
P. Douw, John Tayler Cooper, David I. Boyd, Orlando Meads, Nehemiah 
Smith, and Andrew E. Brown ; and for inspectors of election, Jacob H. 

Ten piyck, Volkert P. Douw, and Andrew E. Brown William C. 

Miller died, aged 66. He was one of the earliest teachers of Sunday 

schools John Conroy died, aged 85 Miles Tobin, aged 77, was 

tilled by a runaway span of horses Maria Angelina Brohm died, aged 

5g Margaret, widow of Francis Malburn, died at Freeport, Ind. 

i)ec. 30. Funeral of Hugh L. Chipman of Co. E, 177th regt., who died 
at Bonnet Carre, La., April 17, also of Charles H. Fredenrich, Co. B, 
177th regt. The following are the names of the dead of the One Hundred 
and Seventy-seventh brought home by Capt. Filkins. They all died at 
Bonnet Carre, of typhoid fever : Hugh L. Chipman, Arthur Haswell, 
William H. Crounse, Charles S. Hermance, Franklin Comstock, William 
H. Lade, Thomas Ray, Abraham Vandenburgh, William Ingraham, 
Peter C. Clute, Maurice Wood, Peter M. Stalker, William H. Coons, 
Georije R. Bailey, William H. Barlow, Charles H. Fredenrich, George 
W. Kilbourn. The body of J. B. McClaskie, of the Ninety-first, was also 

brought back for burial here Sarah Healy died, aged 47 Roswell 

Steefe died, aged 59. 

Dec. 31. The charter of the Albany City Bank expired, and was reor- 
ganized under the general banking law with the same officers and stock- 
holders. It was chartered in 1844, and has regularly divided 8 per cent 

with its stockholders, and closed with a surplus of 80 per cent The 

following named citizens of Albany returned an annual income of twenty 
thousand dollars and upwards: 

Erastus Corning $101,300 A. Ransom 31,049 

A Van Santvoord 85,376 G. C. Trcadwell 30,768 

R H Pruyn 78,370 W. Birdsall 29,474 

J J Au^^tin 75,848 D.T.Charles 27,334 

J. F. Rathbone 68,150 John A. Goewey , 26,885 

John Tracy 64,440 S. Schuyler 26,417 

J. McB. Davidson 61,931 Samuel Anable 26,168 

E. Corning Jr 60,214 S. H. Alden 25,891 

Thomas Schuyler 51,241 J. V. L. Pruyn 25,890 

David Orr 47,744 W. H. DeWitt 25,773 

F Edson..' 41,378 D. L. Wing 25,000 

C B Lansing 39,142 Eli Perry 24,805 

S H Ransom 37,154 G. H.Thatcher 23,929 

John Tweddle 36,060 S. Thomas Jr 23.486 

B, H King 30,068 Thurlow Weed 21,938 

S* Patten 31,127 D. L. Lathrop 20,310 

During the year, in the three courts we find the record gives the fol- 
lowing results : 

COURT OF OYER AND TERMINER. 

Number of indictmentsbrought,... 71 Plead guilty to indictments, 12 

Trials and convictions, none. Plead guilty to a lesser crime, 4 

Trials and acquittals none. 

COURT OF COUNTY SESSIONS. 

Number of indictments brought,.. 38 Plead guilty fo imlictmcnts 20 

Trials and convictions, 2 Plead guilty to a lesser crime, 2 

Trials and ac((uittals, 3 



1863. 



Notes from the Nev)spape7's. 



181 



mayor's court. 



Number of indictments brought,.. 

Trials and convictions, 

Trials and acquittals, 



Plead guilty to indictments,.... 
Plead guilty to a lesser crime,. 



RECAPITULATION. 

The following is the result of the entire year in all the courts: 

Number of indictments brought,.. 139 Plead guilty to indictments, 47 

Trials and convictions, 3 Plead guilty to a lesser crime, 9 

Trials and acquittals, 4 

As only sixty-three cases have been disposed of, there would seem, 
from the number of indictments brought, that a great many remain to be 

dealt with according to law Below we give, from the annual reportof 

the chamberlain, a statement of the receipts and disbursements of his 
office for the fiscal year ending November 1st, 186S : 



DISBURSEMENTS. 

City water works, §22,774 22 

City water debt, interest 

isocount, 51,000 00 

Alms House, 23,470 51 

Assessments for streets 

and drains, 47,477 78 

City poor, 33,128 57 

Contingents, 37,007 36 

Street contingents, 31,001 60 

Police department, 40,201 72 

Fire department, , 26,027 98 

District schools 48,675 84 

Interest, 39,225 00 

City Hall, 3,396 14 

Special sessions, 3,396 14 

Police court, 3,497 86 

Markets, , 1,089 00 

Ferry, _ 96 65 

Surveyor's office 2,426 50 

Printing and advertising,.. 3,414 48 

Justices' court, 3,140 48 

Redemptions, 39 90 

Salaries, 12,948 36 

County of Albany, 6,319 27 

Eleotions, 1,939 00 

City lamps 27,436 82 

Wells and pumps, 839 57 

Industrial school, 108 25 

Military relief fund for 

draft 32,900 00 

Certificate of city indebt- 
edness, 106,649 89 

Special police 8,610 59 

$607,946 69 

.Christopher Hepinstall died, aged 67 James Sheridan died, aged 



City water works, 

Alms House, 

Assessments for streets 
and drains, 

City poor, 

Contingents, 

Street contingents, 

Fire department, 

District schools, 

Interest, 

Special sessions, 

Police court, 

Rents and quit rents, 

Commutations, 

Markets, 

Justices' court, 

Redemptions, 

Bonds and mortgages, 

Real estate, 

Dividends, 

City taxes, 

County of Albany, 

Ferry, 

Military relief fund for 
draft, 

Certificates of city indebt- 
edness 



$89,737 30 
795 25 

9,275 51 

474 15 

7,432 14 

5;344 53 

78 10 

18,521 72 

13,461 11 

930 50 

1,331 82 

742 18 

480 00 

1,252 70 

1,038 59 

32 38 

4,230 50 

5,935 85 

526 95 

246,212 20 

39,361 50 

2,250 00 

100,300 00 

58,687 86 

$608,422 86 



28 Anastacia Roe, wife of William Mclntyre, died, aged 27. 

Michael Keegan died, aged 3o. 



182 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

1864. 

Jan. 1. The new year was ushered in by a rain storm ; but the day 

closed under a keen northwester The congregation of llev. Mr. 

Bridgman's church presented him with a purse containing $1,000 

Abram li. Gifford, of the army of the Potomac, died, aged 42. 

Jan. 2. E. C. Aiken died at his residence in Greeubush suddenly, aged 
GO. He had been long engaged in the flour business in this city, and was 

a man of enterprise and wealth John Brown died, aged 24 

Annie Caswell died, aged 17. 

Jan. 3. Rev. Mr. Fulton closed his labors with the Tabernacle Baptist 
Church in North Pearl street, which commenced four years before with 
30 members, and now numbered nearly 200, and a congregation above the 

average of the city churches Henry V. Ostram died, aged 19 

T. Ashley Graves, formerly of Albany, died at Troy, aged 52. 

Jan. 4. A musical event in the history of Albany occurred to-night. 
Grau's splendid opera troupe, consisting of sixty-five performers, and 
embracing some of the greatest musical celebrities of Europe, opened at 
the Academy of Music with the admired opera of Lucrezia Borgia. It is 
the first time a complete operatic performance, in costume, and with full 

orchestra, had ever been given in Albany The following persons 

were elected directors of the Albany Insurance Company for the ensuing 
year : llufus H. King, Augustus James, Jacob H. Ten Eyck, Harmon 
Pumpelly, J-ohn Tayler Cooper, Peter McNaughton, Franklin Townsend, 
Eliphalet Wickes, John H. Van Antwerp, James Wilson, Charles B. 

Lansing, Samuel H. Ransom, J. Howard King At an annual election 

of tbe Albany Republican Artillery, held at their armory, the following 
officers were elected for the ensuing year : Walter V. Colrose, 1st ser- 
geant ; James H. Chadwick, 2d sergeant; M. V. B. Moore, 3d sergeant; 
Philip H. Steine, 4th sergeant; Peter Golden, 1st corporal; Richard 
Padloe, 2d corporal ; Hiram Putman, 3d corporal ; Charles Wornham, 
4th corporal ; John S. Clark, president ; James H. Pierce, vice president ; 
M. V. B. Moore, secretary ; John Pochin, financial secretary; Thomas E. 

Williamson, treasurer Charles H. Smith died, aged 56 William 

C. Birmingham died, aged 34 Julia Pettingill died, aged 22 

Mrs. Ann Elizabeth, widow of Gov. Yates, died. She was the daughter 
of John DeLancey. 

Jan. 5. The rail road trains were obstructed by snow, and the ferry 

boat of the Hudson river rail road was laid up John Gorman was 

killed by falling through a hatchway at Taylor's brewery William 

Benedict Lansing died at Niles, Michigan, aged 27 John Palmer, 

sergeant in the U.uted States cavalry, died, aged 48. 

Jan. 6. Edward Smith died, aged 78 Edward Sheehy died, aged 50. 

Jan. 7. Cold day ; temperature 6 degrees below zero At an election 

for officers of the Albany Emmet Guards, held at the Armory, Col. Church 
in the chair, and Lieut. Col. MulhoUand and Brigade Inspector McKown 
acting as tellers, 1st Lieut. James M. Carlin was unanimously elected 
captain, in place of H. MulhoUand, promoted ; 2d Lieut. John Grady 
was elected first lieutenant, in place of Lieut. Carlin, promoted; Lieut. 
John Wickham, in place of Lieut. Grady, promoted, and Thomas Walsh, 

in place of Lieut. Wickham, promoted Anna Maria, ^ife of John 

Hagstortz, died, aged 73. 



1864. Notes from the Nev:)sixq')ers. 183 

Jan. 8. Cliarles McKinley died. 

Jan. 9. Betsey Anthony, an aged woman, found dead in her house ; 
supposed to have died of heart disease. 

Jan. 10. Adam Blake died, aged 94. Sentinel, the correspondent of 
the New York World, wrote as follows : " I do not understand precisely 
why this correspondent should be expected to be the necrologist of the 
remarkable people that die in Albany ; but I have waited to see some 
mention made of the decease of Adam Blake, a very aged colored man 
who was in many respects a representative person. Born in New York 
before the revolution, he was brought up to Albany, and for a very long 
period was one of the patroon's slaves at the manor house, with a manner 
and style that made him a remarkable man. He was of that class of his 
people who, in their way, were of that high order of good breeding which 
we vaguely call the old school, and by which we mean a thorough courtesy. 
His funeral was indicative of the respect borne to his memory — the patroon 
communicating through the Bev. Dr. Clark, of the Dutch church, his 
regret that he was prevented by indisposition from being present at the 
last scene of one of the old race of family service." His death, said the 
Times, has erased from the catalogue of men the last of his day and gene- 
ration. Born about the close of the French and Indian war, he passed 
through the revolutionary struggle and the war of 1812, and lived to see 
his native land excited by a wicked civil war. Mr. Blake was in many 
respects a remarkable man. Endowed with more than ordinary abilities, 
he by his position was enabled to gather instruction, and to attain a strict 
courtesy of manners which he observed up to his death. Mr. Blake was 
born in the city of New York, and, when a mere boy, was brought to this 
city, a slave, by Jacob Lansing. How long he remained a bondman we 
are not reliably informed, but we subsequently find him at the manor 
house, in the employ of the late Gen. Stephen Van Rensselaer. As a 
servant of the patroon, he endeared himself to every member of the family. 
In his old age, in a spirit of self satisfied pride, he asserted that he brought 
up all the children of the patroon, for he " dangled them upon his knees." 
Subsequently, we trace him in the employ of De Witt Clinton, when 
governor of the state, and also to Attorney General Hoffman, when that 
gentleman resided in this city. But wherever Mr. Blake was, he always 
commanded respect by that high order of good breeding and courtesy 
towards all, for which he was proverbial. The last fifty years of his life 
he spent with his family in Third street, but lost the partner of his bosom 
in 1841. Within the past twelve years he was only once south of the 
North Dutch church ; and then he was conveyed away from his home by 
his son, a resident of this city. During his lifetime, Mr. Blake was a 
regular attendant at the North Dutch church, and even in his declining 
years, when his strength failed, he was in attendance on communion 

Sundays. Thus passed away Adam Blake, at the age of 94 years 

Hannah M., widow of Hamlet H. Hickcox, died, aged 71 Edward 

M. Butler died, aged 18. 

Jan. 11. Ash Grove, owned and occupied by E. S. Stearns Esq., was 
sold for $24,000, to Samuel Schuyler Esq. A portion of the grounds 
are to be occupied in the erection of a splendid church and parsonage. 

The following persons were, on the 11th inst., elected directors of 

the Albany Exchange Company for the ensuing year : James McNaugh- 



184 Notes from tlie Newspapers. 1864. 

ton, Rufus H. King, James Kidd, Andrew E. Brown, Visscher Ten 

Eyck, Samuel H. Ransom, Charles B. Lansing The following figures 

show the result of the draft in this county : 

Number enrolled, 16,981 Commuted 638 

Enrolled first class, ^... 10,539 Exempt from disability, 862 

Second class, « 5,869 Exempt for alienage, 280 

Third class, 578 Exempt from all other eauses, 623 

Number drawn, 2,653 Deserted, 8 

Held to service, 974 Failed to report, 419 

Furnished substitutes, 381 Not disposed of, 52 

The number discharged for disability is proportionately much smaller 

than in any district in the state where the result has been announced 

Sentinel, the correspondent of the World newspaper, discoursed thus 
agreeably about matters and things in Albany at this time : The work 
in progress in the Academy park is a curious, as it is an interesting one. 
Workmen, in defiance of the cold and the snow, are busy in the framing 
of a huge building, to be formed like a Grecian cross — a structure for 
the February Bazaar — in which all the fashion and taste of Albany is to 
win funds for the good uses of the sanitary commission. It is already, 
in its severalities of arrangement, divided, and the effort will be made to 
make it the grouping of the eastern portion of the state, leaving the 
metropolis in its own abundant resources, and resigning to Buffalo all 
west of Cayuga lake, which is a very proper division of the state, and 
will prove itself a strong one. Of all the sections of the Bazaar, none 
promises to be of greater beauty than the proposed gathering of paint- 
ings and sculpture, which is to be arranged in the studio rooms of Mr. 
Palmer, the most appropriate of all homes for it. I hear already of one 
exquisite painting in the studies for which one of our most eminent 
artists has been at work during the last summer. This painting will be a 
luxury in itself, and it will be one of a collection which ought to attract 
to Albany the steps of those who deem it wise use of life to see the most 
beautiful, and the greater, when the beautiful is voice of entreaty for the 
good. The very upliiting of this building is a quaint and weird-like 
work. It finds its sufficient foundation in the frosty earth, which refuses 
to yield, whatever of burden may be laid on its cold shoulders. The 
busy operations seem out of place amidst the trees of the park, and in 
these days of keen winter depth. But the plan of the architect is 
gradually revealed. The masses of timbers take form, and there will 
arise, like the Empress Anne's ice crystal ephemeral, an edifice to be 
radiant with light and beauty. Albany has been for a week in the 
enjoyment of just such a winter as it almost claims for its own exclu- 
sively, and all that belongs to the sports of winter are here as nowhere 
else. Probably the best skating park in the land is here, for the ice 
remains and is renewed as it is warn. The sleighing is clear, crisp, suffi- 
cient, and a winter equipage may be safely provided for actual and 
abundant use. In literature we feel very strongly the departure — by 
ofiicial service and by removal — of Mr. Pruyn and Professor Murray; 
the former in his duties at Washington, and the latter by his acceptance 
of a professorate in llutgcrs' College. They gave to the meetings of the 
Albany Institute all that abiding interest which persevering and intelli- 
gent cooperation always secures to a literary gathering. These gatherings 



1864. Notes frcym the Newspapers. 185 

ia the library of the Academy are always gratifying. There one meets 
James Hall, the learned and elaborate geologist; Paterson, the profound 
mathematician, whose judgment of the exact sciences is of the highest 
philosophical order; Munsell, our Elzevir, whose labors in collating the 
facts of history, and skill in the delicacies of their typographical pre- 
servation, deserve to be nationally known ; nor these alone, but several 
others whose papers and observations have pre&erved Albany's place in 
science and literature — all these gave worth to the evenings at the 
Institute. It is one of the many results of the wonderful labors in all 
mental movements of that extraordinary man — Dr. Beck, I never 
weary in the look at the exterior of the St. Joseph Church in this city. 
Its locality, of all others, is most favorable. Stepped on a great terrace 
of hill, above all the north division of the city, blending its beautiful 
colors of drab and blue in the stone of Nova Scotia and of the Mohawk, 
everywhere showing in its throng of daring angles the skill and boldness 
of the architect, one sees a most irregular combination of buildings, 
of towers, and yet all softening and shaping into such regulated structure 
as give it high place in architecture. Go thou and do likewise. Let us 
who believe as well in the beauty of the form, but do not stop there, 
when we build, seek the most beautiful; not the most gorgeous, but the 
form which shall best express that, from the simplicity and truth of the 
trustfulness of faith, goes out the desire to give to the place of devotion 
whatever belongs to the most pure and true in loveliness The com- 
missioners appointed to improve the Hudson river between Troy and 
New Baltimore — Col. Harcourt, Thomas Schuyler, A. Van Santvoord, of 
Albany, and Capt. Tupper, of Troy, report the following expenditures : 

On Coeymansdyke, $47,764 91 Excavating 80,242 cubic yds. 

On Castleton dyke, 34,196 19 at Shad Island, $12,254 15 

Repairing dyke at Port Schuy- Excavating 22,420 cubic yds. 

ler, 1,17181 at Kellogg shoals, 3,973 40 

Repairing dyke below Albany, 2,341 67 Excavating 12,240 cubicyds. 

Cost of pile driver, tools, sho- at Fish House bar, 2,000 80 

veling, scows, and materials Expenses on Cedar Hill bar, 350 00 

now on hand, 3,544 25 

Miscellaneous expenses, 1,502 44 dtiQj qoa pq 

Excavating 150, 090 cubic yds. ^\6'i,6Ab b6 

at Coeymans, 25,227 01 

To complete and protect the works commenced during the past season 
will re([uire, as nearly as can be estimated, the following sums : 

Coeymans dyke, $12,000 Repair of dyke below Albany, $6,000 

Castleton dyke, 27,000 

Repair of dyke at Port Schuyler, 20,000 $65,000 

Mrs. Lucy Thompson died. 

Jan. 14. Patrick Dillon died, aged 78.. 

Jan. 16. Chas. Baumis died, aged 42 Patrick Garrity died, aged 50. 

Jan. 17. Ilev. Henry Darling, of Philadelphia, assumed the pastoral 

charge of the Fourth Presbyterian Church The funeral services of 

the dead of the Tenth regiment took place yesterday. The bodies of 
the deceased, ten in number, lay in state at the City Hall ; and between 
one and two o'clock in the afternoon the cortege moved. It consisted of 
the 25th, the 10th (in citizen's dress), the 51st (whose military bearing 

Hist. Coll. ii. 24 



186 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

under Col. Legendre, and their tattered battle flag attracted universal 
attention), the fire department, the relatives of the deceased, the com- 
mon council and members of the legislature. Col. Church was grand 
marshal, James McQuade, Capt. Shanks and James McKown, assistant 
marshals. The 25th was commanded by Lieut. Col. Mulholland. It 
was his first appearance since his election. His military bearing, and 
the appearance of his men were highly creditable. There were three 
brass bands in the procession. The bodies of the deceased were carried 
in sleighs, each with four horses attached, and were draped in the 
American flag. As the procession moved the various bells of the city 
were rang. All over the city flags were hung at half mast in token of 
respect for the gallant dead. The cortege was a very imposing one. A 
large concourse of people were gathered in State and Pearl streets, and 
other streets through which the procession passed. It was a solemn and 
imposing pageant, and everywhere the feeling of respect for the remains 
of the gallant dead was apparent. The remains were taken to the north- 
ern cars at the foot of Thacher street, where a special train was in 
waiting, and were thence taken to the cemetery. Here they were placed 
in the vault, where a volley was fired by the Twenty-fiftb regiment. The 
entire fire department were out, under command of Chief Engineer 
McQuade, and presented, as usual, a very creditable appearance. The 
honored dead numbered ten, namely : J. Gardner, A. Billson, F. Platto, 
Gr. R. Bailey, C. S. Hermance, W. H. Lade, A. Vandenberg, P. Stalker, 
S. Gr. Loomis, J. B. McClasky. The occasion will long be remembered 
by our citizens, and the respect shown to the deceased is evidence that 
the people of Albany are not unmindful of the memories of the gallant 

men who have fallen in defence of their country. — Times Edith Van 

Valkenburgh died, aged 52 John Woods died, aged 42 Rensse- 
laer N Sill died, aged 53. 

Jan. 18. Benjamin Harrison died, aged 48 Mary Sheehy died, 

aged 50 Oliva Carman died, aged 54 Bridget Moore, wife of John 

O'Brien, died, aged 48. 

Jan. 19. The rain, and the mild weather of a week's duration destroyed 
the sleighing John McCarthy dibd, aged 76. 

Jan. 20. Mrs. Mary Helms died, aged 60. 

Jan. 21. The State street bridge was completed, much to the relief of 
those who do business on the pier. 

Jan. 22. Timothy Ahearn died, aged 49 Eliza Alexander, widow 

of George Hanford, died at Galway, Saratoga Co., aged 62. 

Jan. 23. Mai-y Garrity died, aged 55 E. DeWitt Robinson died, 

in Chicago, aged 42. 

Jan. 24. Richard W. Duncan died, aged 47 Catharine Van Ness, 

wife of Dr. William Bay, died, aged 87. She was the sister of Judge 
William P. Van Ness, of Columbia county, was intellectual, accomplished 
and refined, and retained her vivacity and cheerfulness in her old age. 

Jan. 25. Fanny Fuller Riche died, aged 18 John Gilligan died at 

West Albany, aged 75. 

Jan. 26. Mrs. Maria Brower died, aged 73. 

Jan. 27. William Sheridan died, aged 45. 

Jan. 28. W. Pangburn died, aged 52 ; member of Co. E, 4th regiment, 
N. Y. Heavy artillery. 



1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 187 

Jan. 29. The Rev. William Avtliur resigned the pastoral charge of the 
State Street Baptist Church. 

Feb. 2. Mrs. Christina Bantham died, aged 60 Laura Lehman 

died, aged 17 Greorge Moyer died, aged 42. 

Feb. 3. Anna Powers died, aged 74. 

Feb. 5. Mrs. Mary Bradstreet died, aged 87 William Henry Knox 

died, aged 21. 

Feb. 6. 7* A. M., bar. 29.75 ; air 31 ; higest 40 ; lowest 31 ; wind N.; sky 
cloudy. 6 p. M., bar. 20.73 ; air 37 ; wind light air N.; sky cloudy, obscured. 

Bridget Donahoe died, aged 45 Diadama Beecher Fay, wife of 

Alanson Sumner, died, aged 51. 

Feb. 7. 7 A. M., bar. 29.70 ; air 32 ; H. 37 ; L. 32 ; wind light, N. W. ; 
sky cloudy ; rain last night 0.17 inch. 6 P. M., bar. 29.60; air 32; wind 
light; air N. ; sky clear ; sun set and star light night. 

Feb. 8. 7 A. M., bar. 29.40 ; air 30 ; H. 37 ; L. 26 ; sky cloudy. 6 P. 
M., bar. 29.60 ; air 32 ; wind N. W. ; sky cloudy, obscured ; \ inch snow 

to-day Mary E. Strong, wife of James Cooley, died Bartholomew 

Lanagan, of the 93d regiment, died in the hospital. 

Feb. 9. 7 A. M., bar. 29.76 ; air 21 ; H. 37 ; L. 21 ; wind light ; air W. ; 
sky clear. 6 P. M., bar. 29.90 ; air 24 ; wind N. ; sky changeable ; clear 

sunset and cloudy evening William C. Halse died, aged 79 

Nelson Scovel died, aged 57. 

Feb. 10. 7 A. M., bar. 30.00; air 13 ; H. 28 ; L. 12; wind N. W., sky 
thin cloudy. 6 P. M., bar. 30.21 ; air 7 ; wind N. W. ; sky clear and 

star light night Eliza Ten Eyck died, aged 22 Rosanna McCann 

died, aged 85 Maria, wife of William Davey, died, aged 49. 

Feb. 11. 7 A. M., bar. 30.30; air 4; H. 18; L. 2 ; wind N. E. ; sky 

clear. 6 P. M., bar. 29.97; air 25; wind brisk, S. ; sky thin, cloudy 

The Rev. Henry Darling was installed pastor of the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church; service by Rev. E. N. Kirk, D.D., the original pastor of the 

church Chauncey Whitney died, aged 71 James Campbell died, 

aged 34 Bridget, wife of Patrick Duncan, died. 

Feb. 12. 7 A. M., bar. 29.66; air 29; H. 29; L. 15; wind S. ; sky 

cloudy, obscured. 6 P. M., bar. 29.76; air 34; wind N. ; sky cloudy 

Patrick Keenan died, aged 46 Margaret, wife of Patrick Gorman, 

died. 

Feb. 13. Rev. Peter Bullions, D.D., died in Troy, aged 73. He was 
attacked with congestive fever, and failed rapidly. Dr. Bullions was for 
many years a resident of our city, and the classical professor in the 
Albany Academy. He was a man of marked ability, and one of the best 
teachers of languages we ever had. Soon after he resigned his charge at 
the Academy he removed to Troy, and again entered the ministry. He 
was greatly beloved and respected by all who knew him. 

Feb. 14. Henry Graves died, aged 35. 

Feb. 15. Patrick Conlan died, aged 65. 

Feb. 17. At a meeting of the Albany Emmet Guards company, held 
at their armory, for the purpose of electing non-commissioned and civil 
oSicers for the ensuing year, the following gentlemen were elected : 
Patrick McCaffrey, orderly sergeant; Patrick Kelly, 2d sergeant ; William 
Fay, 3d sergeant; Frank Cunningham, 4th sergeant; John Reynolds, 5th 
sergeant ; Thomas Quin, 1st corporal ; Patrick Sweeny, 2d corporal ; John 



188 Notes from the News^papers. 1864. 

Smith, 3d corporal; William Kelly, 4tli corporal; Charles McAuley, 
president; Patrick McGraw, vice president ; Patrick Sennott, recording 
secretary; Thomas Quin, financial secretary; John Gillogly, treasurer; 
P. McDonald, armorer. 

Feb. 17. Temperature 3 degrees at 6 A. M. ; 3 degrees below zero at 6 

P. M Catharine, wife of Patrick Powers, died, aged 54. 

Feb. 18. Temperature 6 degrees below zero George Newell died, 

ao-ed 57. He was stricken down by paralysis in his room at Congress 
Hall. During that evening and the next day he was conscious and able 
to converse, but afterwards gradually sunk and expired. Mr. Newell's 
whole life had been largely identified with public afi'airs, especially those 
of our own state — and there was hardly another man living who had a 
more intimate knowledge of the history and material interests of the state 
during the last forty years. At an early age he became a member of the 
family of Gov. Marcy, who had married his sister; and, during the whole 
career of that great statesman, was his confidential friend, sharing his 
counsels and assisting in his labors. Mr. Newell had largely participated 
in the management of the finances and the canals of the state, and was con- 
spicuous, during many years, for his sound views and faithful labors in 
reference to those subjects. From 1883 to 1889 he held the office of 
second deputy comptroller — from 1842 to 1848 that of chief clerk of 
the canal department — from 1852 to 1854 that of auditor — the office 
under these several names being substantially the same — the charge 
of the canal department. How faithfully and ably he discharged these 
duties is known by all familiar with our public affairs. The state is 
largely indebted to him for the thorough organization of the canal depart- 
ment, and for originating the system of an annual report of the tolls, 
trade' and tonnage of the canals — a volume which is now looked for 
every year with interest by staticians, as well in Europe as in this 
country. He was a gentleman of large intellectual culture and varied 
literary acquirements — enriched and rendered practically useful by exten- 
sive intercourse with society, both in this country and abroad. Since the 
death of Gov. Marcy the papers of the latter had been in his possession, 
and he had mainly devoted" his time to examining and arranging them 
with a view to their ultimate publication — and he was looked to by the 
friends and admirers of that distinguished man as better fitted than any 
one else to write his biography — a labor of love, which he would 
undoubtedly have discharged had his life been continued. After all, it is 
not the intellectual strength, the learning, the labors of the man — but 
his social nature, the virtues of his heart — that endear him to asso- 
ciates and friends, and point the anguish of parting. In these qualities, 
which bind kindred spirits together, Mr. Newell was richly endowed. 
He was not a man of general and miscellaneous friendships, but there 
was a laro-e circle of those who knew his nature, shared his confidence, 
and loved him, and now sincerely mourn his sudden loss. — Argus. 
Feb. 19. Temperature at zero at 7 A. M. 
Feb. 20. Elizabeth, wife of Benjamin Lodge, died, aged 47. 
Feb. 21. The funeral of Jacob Putman, killed on the Central rail road, 
took place at his residence, 36 Herkimer street, attended by Temple 

lodge Margaret Gahan died, aged 68 Matthew Malaney died, 

acred 44 Andrew J. Morey died, aged 32 Ann E ,wife of Edward 



1864. Notes from the Neicspapers. 189 

J. Crime, died, aged 37 Julia McNaughton, wife of L>ennison Worth- 

iugton, formerly of Albany, died at Madison, Wisconsin. 

Feb. 22. Washington's birth day was celebrated by the 25th regiment 
and the Hibernian society; oration at Tweddle Hall, by George W. 
Curtis,' and address by Gov. Seymour. The 20th regiment (late Col. 

Pratt's) arrived and was addressed by Gov. Seymour The first 

National Bank commenced operations in the rooms of the Commercial 

Insurance company The funeral of xMajor George W. Stackhouse took 

place from the City Hall, the 25th regiment acting as an escort The 

State street horse rail road commenced running. A free car had been 

running a few days of the previous week Thomas Fish died, aged 72. 

Isabella Gott died, asied 43. 

Feb. 23. Harriet Van Zandt, wife of Joseph Taylor, died, aged 34 .... 
Fardy Coogan died, aged 43. 

Feb. 24. Catharine A., wife of Elisha Ticknor, died, aged 43 

Ephraim T. Whitbeck died, aged 22. 

Feb. 25. Sarah Jane Crane died, aged 29. 

Feb. 26. Levi Rogers, who formerly carried on business in this city, 
died at Lockport, at the advanced ago of 72 years. The Lockport Union 
says that his early life was eventful, most of it being passed upon the sea 
in the service of the United States. He was taken prisoner at the siege 
of Montevideo, and remained in close confinement until exchanged. He 
served on the ocean during the war of 1812, and was three times taken 
prisoner. At the close of the war he engaged in the merchant marine 
service, but for a short time only, when, abandoning the sea, he entered 
business in the city of New York. Up to the year 1837 he had been a 
successful merchant in New York, Albany, Troy and other cities in the 
state. With thousands of others, however, in the financial crash of 1837, 
he lost the accumulations of years, and was forced to rely solely upon his 
native business talent, his energy and prudence, for a new start in life. 
About the year 1845 he became a resident of Lockport, and since then, 
up to the time of his death, has been actively engaged in the book busi- 
ness there Hugh Roch died, aged 80 Margaret, wife of Samuel 

Dare, died, aged 59 Margaret Morris died, aged 49. 

March 1. the firm of Erastus Corning & Co., which for fifty years has 
had a reputation coextensive with the country, and which indeed has 
done the largest business of any firm in the United States or Canada, has 
relinquished the hardware store, passing it into the hands of Edward 
Wilson, James Byrne and Philip Fitzsimmons, young gentlemen who 
have been brought up from early boyhood in the store. Mr. Corning 
retains, of course, his mills and factories and his other large business out- 
side the store — a business extensive enough to absorb the attention as 
well as gratify the ambition of ordinary men. The WorkVs correspondent 
has the following article in relation to the dissolution of the firm : The 
withdrawal from the hardware business of the eminent house of Erastus 
Corning & Co., is an event in the mercantile annals of the state, in all the 
region outside of New York. It has been so long known as to be con- 
sidered as identified with the trade. Rising by the succession of business 
from the firms connected with the colonial and revolutionary day, Mr. 
Corning made the name of his establishment familiar to all the business 
circles of the west, growing and advancing as the west developed. In the 



190 Notes from the Neivspapers. 1864. 

midst of all his business, any division of which was sufficient to fill the 
energies of an industrious man, he found time to give his affairs as a 
merchant his care, and to sustain his high career as among the first mer- 
chants of the nation. It has been a characteristic of Mr. Corning to find 
time for all his work, and that, too, without parade or display of industry. 
There have been days of panic and prosperity. The house of Erastus 
Corning & Co. has endured the one and sustained the other. He finds 
himself, in the close of this long and busy career, with very, very few of 
those who commenced business with him yet living men. Of those who 
gathered around the table of the Pearl Street Hotel, and who there re- 
presented the mercantile sagacity of the state, the names are reduced to 
brief roll call who survive. But these were the men who gave to the 
business of New York such vigor and honor of the conduct as has built 
the golden treasure house of modern wealth. It is not an ordinary hour 
which chronicles the retirement of this firm — and it is of its happiness 
that it finds the head of the house now, as for a life time, the same calm, 

courageous, firm and thorough going man of business Eliza Reynolds 

died, aged 26 Abraham Higham died at Utica, aged 68. 

March 2. Michael Hughes died, aged 52 John Wood died, aged 

65 Hannah, widow of Amos Fassett, died, aged 81 Julia S., wife 

of Calvin Pepper, died at Auburn Thomas Mullins died, aged 53. 

March 3. Mary E., wife of Daniel J. Gladding, died, aged 41 

Nancy Keeling died John Burns died, aged 65 Elizabeth, wife 

of Morgan L. Schermerhorn, died at Milburn, N. J. 

March 4. George Liggett died, aged 48 Elizabeth Michael died, 

aged 81 James Cahill died, aged 71. 

March 5. The ice moved down the river, leaving it clear as far as could 
be seen; but remained firm at the Castleton bar and the Nine mile tree, 
which are usually the last points to give way. 

March 6. A fire at an early hour in the morning destroyed the malt 

coffee manufactory of White & Moore; loss about 14,000 Timothy 

Scott died, aged 59 Mary Jones died, aged 52. 

March 7. James M. Cheney died, aged 41 Catharine Finn died, 

aged 22 Mrs. Maria Parks formerly of Albany, died in Troy, aged 41. 

March 8. John Heyden died, aged 80. 

March 10. "Going, going, gone ! " The auctioneer's hammer knocked 
off the fragments of the stock on hand at the bazaar, and closed up the 
business of the concern! The structure, which rose like the palace of 
Aladdin, as sudden and as beautiful within, disappears as quickly as it 
did, under the magic spell! All has gone! Qhe trophies, thecuriosi- 
ties, the refectory, the pretty waiter girls. Over the Troy booth is written 
Ilium fuit, over Scotland's Lochahar no more. The Orientals have 

Folded their tents, like Arabs, 
And as silently stolen away. 

The long tails of the Japanese are not " to be continued in our next." 
The French have taken French leave — grisettes and duchesses, peasant 
girls and all. The lion and the unicorn of England no longer fight for 
crowns — or dollars. 

The harp that once thro' Tara's halls 
The soul of music shed. 



1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 191 

is gone, and only tlie shed is left. Winona and her forest train, Meta- 
mora and his braves, are off to other hunting grounds, and will find other 
game. The gipsy queen will no longer tell our future with her lips and 
trouble it with her eyes. 

Tinsel makes an easier crown 
Than the proudest kings have worn ; 
Tho' her royal sword of state 
Be a feeble willow wand, 
Courtiers have been glad to wait 
For the pretty gipsy's hand. 

Schenectady and Kinderhook have gone into retirement; and Saratoga 
awaits our return visit at her spring and in our summer. The Yankees 
have ceased to calculate and guess. The Germans have settled up, and 
now await to see if the Schleswig Holstein affair can be settled also ! 
The Orange hoven of Holland has dropped for the nonce. The ladies of 
the Military booth, with their saucy soldier's caps, the cantinieres and the 
starry host, have, like dashing white sergeants, gone marching away. 
Where is the glory of Spain ? IDeparted. Where the merry Swiss girls ? 
Back to their mountain fastnesses. What is all this lovely vision turned 
into? It is a poem of loveliness turned into the prose of one hundred 
thousand dollars ! And that is the end of it. Was ever epic or episode 

so well translated? An exciting election for officers of the Young 

Men's Association resulted in the election of Samuel Hand for president, 
and the whole independent ticket. The competition grew out of the 

negro question James H. Terbush died, aged 21. 

March 11. The propeller John Taylor arrived from New York, the first 

boat of the season Christine E. Nash died, aged 22. 

March 12. Frederick Degen killed by being run over, aged 64 

Patrick Shearin died, aged 60. 

March 13. John Heck died, aged 19. 

March 14. Rachel Stewart died, aged 74. Catharine Connelly died, 

aged 60 John Modot died, aged 65. 

March 15. A fire destroyed the upholstery establishment of David 
Shanks, 32 Green street. Loss $12,000. 
March 16. John T. Dudley died, aged 58. 

March 17. The anniversary of Ireland's patron saint was duly observed 
in this city to-day. The Hibernian Provident society, the Emmet and 
the Corcoran guards celebrated the event by a parade, and attended pon- 
tifical high mass in the Cathedral. Services were held in the various 
Catholic churches in the morning. The military and Hibernian society 
turned out in strong force. In the evening the annual supper of the 
Hibernians was given at Stanwix Hall, which was largely attended. At 
St. Patrick's church, in the Bowery, the panegyric of St. Patrick was 
delivered by the Rev. Father Driscoll, which was listened to by a large, 
audience. Taking it all in all the day was well observed by our Hibernian 

friends, and every thing passed off in the best possible manner The 

new steam boat St. John arrived from New York. This magnificent vessel, 
built by the People's line for the express purpose of running between this 
city and New York, reached the city about 6 o'clock in the morning. 
She was under the command of Captain William H. Peck, one of the 
oldest and ablest steam boat captains on the river, and a gentleman in every 



192 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

way qualified to command this magnificent floating palace. On the boat 
there were three hundred state rooms, afl"ording accommodations for one 
thousand persons. Besides these there were sixty standee berths, each 
being nearly equal in size to an ordinary bedstead. In the main saloon 
were^two bridal chambers, fitted up with rose wood furniture and elegantly 
upholstered. Money had been lavished upon the St. John withoutstint, 
for the furniture throughout was of the costliest description and designed 
for the comfort and convenience of the passengers. She sat as graceful 
as a swan upon and glided through the water with apparent ease and 
almost noiseless. Captain Peck was compelled to yield to the pressure of 
the wishes of his host of friends and open his truly magnificent vessel to 
their inspection. It soon became noised about the city that the St. John 
was to be seen, and from the moment that the gang plank was thrown 
upon the dock up the time of leaving for New York, the vessel was 
thronged with spectators. It can be truly said^ that she was the most 
magnificent vessel afloat. She was a world within herself, with all the 
comforts of a home. Messrs. John English & Son built the hull ; the 
Allaire works, the engine; Mr. John E. Hofi'mire did the joiner work, and 
H. C. Calkins the copper and plumbing ; Barney & Styles were the painters 
and decorators. The steamer is a splendid testimonial of their skill in 
their several arts. The cost of the steamer was about $450,000. The St. 
John will return again to-morrow morning, when all who may desire can 

pay her a visit of inspection Richard W. Murphy died Mary 

Macguire died, aged 19 John Powers died, aged 52 John Quirk 

died, aged 49. 

March 19. Lewis D.Welch died, aged 38 William J. Warner died 

at Morristown, N. J., aged 57. 

March 20. Mary, wife of James Kenny, died, aged 34. 
March 21. A motion was made before the common council to purchase 
the Congress Hall property for the use of the state, in the erection of a 

new and^eularged Capitol Judge Abraham Morrell, for many years a 

resident of this city, and formerly one of the justices of the justices' court 
of this city, died at the residence of his son in Lansingburgh, at the 
advanced age of 79 years. He was born in Schenectady, January, 1785, 
entered Union College at the age of fifteen, and four years subsequently 
graduated. Shortly afterwards he commenced the study of law with Hon. 
Daniel Cady, at Johnstown, Montgomery county. While residing there 
he held the ofiices of county judge and master and examiner in chancery. 
He removed to this city in 1841, and after a short residence here was 
elected justice of the justices' court. He retired from public life in 1852. 
March 23. Col. Henry Van Rensselaer, inspector general U. S. A., and 
son of the late patroon, died at Cincinnati. It is painful to see how wars 
cheapen life. Men pass out of existence, in the din and bustle, as rain 
drops disappear in the ocean. Ordinarily such a man as Henry Van 
Rensselaer, a son of our late honored patroon, himself an honor to his 
name and ancestry, would not have died without receiving appropriate 
tributes. Though a son of the late Stephen Van Rensselaer, he resided 
only during his early youth in Albany. He was educated at West Point, 
but resigned soon after he graduated, to marry a gifted and accomplished 
dau"hte'r of the Hon. John A. King, and commenced life as a farmer in 
St. Lawrence county, where he became an enterprising, useful, and much 



1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 193 

respected citizen. In 1840, Mr. Van Rensselaer was elected to con- 
gress. When the rebellion broke out, Mr. Van Rensselaer hastened to 
Washington, tendering his services to his country. They were immedi- 
ately accepted. His first service was with Gen. Scott, as aid. When 
the general retired, he went to the field, and has been actively employed 
up to the time of his death. Colonel Van Rensselaer was, in its truest 
and best sense, a gentleman. Though " born with a gold spoon in his 
mouth" he felt early that he had duties to perform ; and preferring in- 
dustry to idleness, marked out a course which promised usefulness and 
reputation. As a citizen he enjoyed the confidence and friendship of all 
good men ; and as a soldier, dying in the service of his country, his 
memory will be cherished by those who know, as we do, how truly 
worthy he was of the reward due to a patriot and a soldier. — Journal. 

Rosina, wife of Thomas Lundy, died, aged 86. 

March 24. Catharine M., widow of William S. Wood, died, aged 64. 

Mary McKissick died, aged 18 John Doyle, member of Co. A, 

10th regiment, died, aged 20 Nicholas Coyle, chief engineer of the 

gun boat Norwich, St. John's river, Florida, died, aged 44. 
March 25. Rosy, wife of James McCarthy, died, aged 48. 

March 26. Jacob Scheik died, aged 26 John Curlin was shot at 

the barracks, by a sentinel, while attempting to run the guard. 

March 27. Rev. John N. Campbell, D.D., pastor of the First Presby- 
terian church, died of pneumonia, aged 66. The announcement of death 
even when expected, comes to us with a shock, and certainly it is so 
when the arrow falls suddenly upon a shining mark, as it has just done 
in our city. Yesterday, almost at the moment the congregation of the 
First Presbyterian church were assembling in their earthly tabernacle 
the spirit of their pastor was being carried beyond the veil into the pre- 
sence of the great Jehovah. The Rev. Dr. John N. Campbell, after a 
few days' — only a few hours' of alarming — illness, breathed his last 
just before the hour of service on Sunday morning. His congregation 
were assembling to celebrate the last sacrament of their risen Redeemer, in 
which their pastor had made every preparation to participate. Conse- 
quently it was an occasion of peculiar sacredness and of holy interest, 
and the startling announcement that he had gone from them forever was 
indeed overawing. Dr. Campbell was a man of such delicacy of physique 
as seemed incapable of resisting the wearing influence to which his mind 
of acumen and activity subjected it, and yet, though almost his whole 
life had been that of an invalid, rarely, scarcely ever did he allow his 
ministerial duties to be interrupted ; and if prevented, as he often was 
because of his feebleness, from accomplishing the more arduous avocations 
of the pastor, his teachings from the pulpit, his admonitions, his warn- 
ings, were never neglected — they were as constant as they were convinc- 
ing and irresistible. Dr. Campbell commenced his career of usefulness 
as a minister in and citizen of Albany so long ago that those who are 
now among its influential and active citizens, were then lisping the first 
lessons of their catechism. He has identified himself with the progress, 
religious, moral and morale of the city and the state, and even the cou^ntry.' 
He was ever ready to aid in every way the advancement of the temporal 
as well as the eternal interest of his fellow-men. He had long been an 
energetic and influential member of the board of Regents of the Uqi- 
HisL Coll. a. 25 



194 Notes from the Newsjpa'pers. 1864. 

versity, and the liiglily respectable position of that board and its wide- 
spread 'and beneficial influence were greatly owing to his untiring efi'orts 
in its behalf. In Dr. Campbell were added to the power of a vigorous 
intellect the polish and cultivation of the finished scholar ; and in the 
church, like Massillon, he had an original way of searching the human 
heart, its secret passions and interests, in order to arrive at the motives, 
and to combat the illusions of self love by powerful appeals to the feelings. 
He painted the passions with so much truth and such irresistible force, 
that even those whose vicious tendencies he might expose to the noon- 
day glare were constrained to respect and admire him. A week ago yes- 
terday afternoon Dr. Campbell preached his last sermon, we may now say 
his funeral oration, for he selected for his text the following verse from 
the book of Revelation : " And I heard a voice from Heaven saying un- 
to me write. Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, from henceforth. 
Yea, saith 'the Spirit, that they may rest from their labors, and their 

works do follow them." — Journal Perhaps there has been nothing yet 

written of Dr. Campbell more appreciative and discriminating than the 
following, from the Albany correspondent of the New York World :^ 
Dr. Campbell came to Albany about 1831, assuming the pastoral care of 
the First Presbyterian church, the oldest of that organization in the city. 
Around him a welcoming congregation soon gathered, and the friends 
that gave him that reception found their choice justified by all that be- 
comes a minister of the gospel. He had not lowered the standard of 
clerical rioht — the right which consists in a faithful and zealous guard 
over the purity of the church, and a long series of events justified and 
approved him. He was a preacher of remarkable power. It had its 
best proof in this well-known fact. He always occupied his own pulpit, 
waving aside assistance as he had thrust aside interference, and for those 
long, long years, meeting the same hearers day after day, and yet, the 
hushed attention, and still earnest credit that marks the absorbed and the 
impressed, were in every hour that bespoke. He never neglected to do 
whatever he had to do in the very best way that it was in his power so 
to do. He gave his ministerial service the best of himself, and in this 
he and the eloquent Bethune were examples and models to all those 
whose high place it is to preach the gospel. Dr. Campbell never preached 
the themes of political strife or question. He scorned to mingle the dust 
of this world with the most fine gold of the sanctuary j but of all men 
most fearless, he avowed the opinions he cherished of modern men or 
modern events with courage of declaration and with judgment of time 
and place. He was one of the very ablest and most distinct representa- 
tives of the old school of Presbyterians, not using that designation in any 
partizan or temporary sense, but in its historical and ecclesiastical mean- 
ing. Steadily guarding his church from the irresponsibility of Congre- 
gationalism he, as well, believed it had attained the just degree of con- 
servatism, and there he in his own department kept it — yes, he kept it — 
firmly and without dividing authority. He believed (and he was_ right) 
that the authority of the clergyman comprised all the order of its wor- 
ship, as well the organ loft as the pulpit, and he, not for an hour, even 
permitted the weakness of a diluted direction. A gentleman of courtly 
rule of dress and conduct — precise, neat, orderly, fastidious — he se- 
cured the respect of others and preserved his own. He was the concen- 



1864. Notes from the News;papers. 195 

trated representative of the minister in his own sphere, and, what is of 
intensely more worth than all the rest, he was ever, and at all times and 
under all circumstances, the minister of the gospel — the preacher of the 
one all-universe concentrating truth of the atonement. As regent of the 
university he was assiduous, bright, persevering, and especially to the 
state library, its building and its management, gave ceaseless attention ; 
but of this I write but for the moment, for, in my judgment, the clergy- 
men may wisest give all such duties to those whose lives belong to litera- 
ture. His memory is most vivid in excellence as in his own, the great- 
est of all the professions — the greatest of all the occupations of man- 
kind. In this he was of that order of men not to be forgotten, seldom 
to be seen. There is earnest and heartfelt grief that he has ceased to be. 
We felt that one of those had left ur whose life was interwoven with our 
own. "Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord.'' Such were of the 
last words which were text for his sermon. Unconsciously he was speak- 
ing to himself the words we utter over his grave ; and with these words 
of sacred blessing may, in the truth of his history, be blended those which 
Mary, Queen of Scots, said of John Knox : " Here lies one who never 
feared the face of man." — Sentinel Our community at large were as- 
tounded yesterday morning by the sad and unlocked for intelligence that 
the Rev. Dr. Campbell had closed his earthly career, just as the people 
were about assembling in their respective churches. He pi-eached twice 
the last sabbath, with his accustomed ease, nor was there anything to in- 
dicate that the effort was at all injurious to him. On Monday he was in 
his usual health, and spent a considerable part of the day in calling upon 
his friends in different parts of the city. Monday evening he stopped 
for a short time at the house of his friend and physician, Dr. Boyd, and 
though not apparently much indisposed, he expressed the opinion that he 
had taken cold. The next day the doctor was called in, and found him 
with a violent fever, and other symptoms indicating pneumonia. This 
state of the system continued for two or three days; but when the dis- 
ease yielded, it was found that the system had not vigor enough to sustain 
itself. From this time he sunk rapidly, and during his last hours was 
too feeble for any intelligible utterance. Comparatively few of his friends 
in the city, outside of his own congregation, were aware that he was not 
in his usual health, until, as they were on their way to church, or at the 
church door, they were thrown into a state of sad amazement by hearing 
that he had just before breathed his last. Dr. Campbell became the pas- 
tor of the First Presbyterian church in this city in September, 1831, 
having previously exercised his ministry both in Petersburg, Va., and 
in Washington city. He was a man of much more than ordinary powers, 
of unusual versatility of mind, of extensive and varied culture, of re- 
fined and gentlemanly mannei-s, and of great strength and decision of 
purpose. He had an uncommon share of executive ability, and performed 
much valuable service beyond the limits of his own congregation. He 
was an active and useful member of the board of regents of the state 
of New York, and the building containing the State library is, in no 
small degree, a monument of his architectural taste. His death will 
leave a wide chasm, not only in the dwelling which his presence has ir- 
radiated, not only in the congregation who loved and honored him, but 
in every institution and in every circle with which he has been more im- 



196 Notes from the Newsjpajpers. 1864. 

mediately connected. — Argus Sarah, wife of ^Frederick Ingmire, 

died, aged 64 James Isdell died, aged 68. 

Marcli 28. Catharine, wife of James Roach, died, aged 36 Louisa 

C. Ball died, aged 29. 

March 30. Daniel A. Cunningham died at Nashville, Tenn., aged 25, 
and was buried at Albany. 

March 31. A steam fire engine, built in New York for the Beaverwyck 
Club Steam Fire Association, arrived by the morning boat, and was placed 
in the house prepared for it in Hudson street. Some four months since 
a number of gentlemen of this city, among whom were several prominent 
and influential members of the fire department, met together for con- 
sultation, the result of which meeting was the formation of an association. 
At a subsequent meeting a number of other gentlemen were admitted as 
members, and the association adopted the name of the Beaverwyck Club. 
The club was organized by the election of the following named gentlemen 
as officers : John McB. Davidson, president; William A. Rice, 1st vice 
president ; Michael Delebanty, 2d vice president ; Thomas Kearney, trea- 
surer; William G. Weed, secretary; Barnet C. Humphrey, actuary; John 
McB. Davidson, Paul Cushman, Jacob C Cuyler, William A. Rice, La- 
fayette D. Holstein, William H.Taylor, Thomas Kearney, John Kennedy 
Jr., Hale Kingsley, Michael Delebanty, Barnet C. Humphrey, Daniel 
Shaw, Hugh J. Hastings, William G. Weed, board of directors. Officers 
in fire service department : Jacob C. Cuyler, foreman ; William Mix Jr., 
1st assistant; William J. Shankland, 2d assistant; Edward Leslie, clerk. 
Soon after the formation of the association a contract was awarded to Mr. 
Joseph Banks, of New York city, for the construction of a steam fire en- 
gine. Mr. Leverich, of the Ne^o York Leader, who is a practical ma- 
chinist, and has been superintendent of fire apparatuss of the city of 
New York, for the last seven years, assisted the builder in the supervision 
of the work. The steamer arrived here yesterday morning upon the 
St. John, in charge of the builder and Chief Engineer McQuade, and 
was taken to her house by the members of the fire service department, 
where she was visited by a large number of citizens during the day. The 
house is located in Hudson sti-eet, in the rear portion of tbe property of 
Gilbert C. Davidson, Esq., the whole of which, including Mr. D's resi- 
dence in Beaver street, has been purchasedby the club, and will be taken 
possession of on the 1st day of May next. ' No more desirable property 
than this for the purpose could be found in this city. The club house is 
elegant and capacious, and very little alteration has been required to 
make the engine house one of the finest in this or any other city. Its 
location is central, and the hill portion of the city can be easily and 
promptly reached by Hudson street. The steamer is appropriately named 
the James McQuade, after the present chief engineer, who, it is univer- 
sally admitted, has brought the fire department of this city up to a scale 
of efficiency never before attained. The iMcQuade was built by Joseph 
Banks, of New York, after the most approved style of steam fire engines. 
Simplicity of construction seems to have been the design of the builder, 
as well as power and beauty. She works as light and airy as a phaeton, 
and moves along as easily as our lightest hose carriages. The weight of 
the engine is thirty-five hundred pounds, exclusive of water in the boiler. 
The pump is nine-inch stroke by four and a half dianieter, and the steam 



1864. Is otes from (lie Newspapers. 197 

cylinder eight inches by the same stroke as the pmnp. The boiler is 
cased in silver, ornamented with finely finished brass mountings, made by 
the best workmen in the country. Every part of the engine is polished 
in the best manner, and as a specimen of mechanical skill surpasses any 
steam fire engine ever built. The lamps were made in Newark, N. J., 
and were presented to the company by one of our citizens. Of the work- 
ing capacity of the engine the builders say but little, as they intend to 
try her to-day and let the result show. Still it is but just to say that on 
a trial given to a committee in New York on Monday last, she threw an 
inch and an eighth stream over two hundred feet. Much better work is 
expected to day. The company are not yet prepared to do duty with their 
new apparatus, but expect shortly to enter into the field with the rest of 
the department, and do their share, at least, of preserving the city from 
large fires. They intend, of course, to become a part of the incorpor- 
ated fire department. We have devoted considerable space to an account 
of this steamer, because we believe her advent here is the inauguration 
of a system which will eventually drive out the hand engine as certainly 
as steam is more efficacious than hand power. — Times. 

April 1. A trial of the steam fire engine was had in State street, and 

a stream thrown 130 feet perpendicular through 280 feet of hose 

Ann, daughter of the late Giles W. Porter, died Christopher H. 

Boshen was killed on the rail road at St. Johnsville. 

April 3. William J. Dunn died, aged 35 Martin W^. Eysedorphe 

died, aged 31. 

April 4. The St. John proved to be as fast as she was magnificent. 
Hitherto the Vanderbilt had been deemed invincible ; but she was dis- 
tanced by the St. John. Both boats left their docks in New York, Mon- 
day evening at 4 minutes past six o'clock. They moved off" side by side, 
and, until they reached Stony Point, the Vanderbilt succeeded in keeping 
in the wake of the St. John, and was thus, as river men will understand, 
practically towed by the latter. At Stony Point, the St. John shook 
her off, and left her miles behind, reaching her dock in this city in eight 
liours and forty-four minutes. The St. John had on board besides a large 
crowd of passengers, three hundred tons of freight — a fact which ren- 
dered her time the most remarkable. No such time, with such a load, 
was ever before made on the river. The following is the memoranda of 
this extraordinary passage : Yonkers, Oh. 59m. Stony Point, 2h. 13m. 
West Point, 2h. 59m. Newburgh, 3h. 23m. Poughkeepsie, 4h. 18m. 
Kingston, 5h. lOm. Albany, 8h. 44m Samuel Gray died, of paraly- 
sis, aged 55 Wm. Barriskill died, aged 24 Mrs. Lydia ;_yander- 

lip died, aged 75 Charles Cook died, aged 28. 

April 5. Lydia Ogler died, aged 18 Wm. J. Carroll died, aged 19. 

Dorcas, wife of 0. M. Bullis, died, aged 49. 

April 6. Bobcrt Server died, aged 58, Catharine, wife of Angelo 

Barry, died, aged 38 Wm.. Klape died Margaret, wife of Pat- 
rick Baxter, died, aged 28. 

April 7. Lafayette D. Holstein died, aged 38 Mrs. Margaret Mur- 
ray died, aged 17. 

April 8. Ann Martin died, aged 44 Moses Goodrich died, aged 

81 Mrs. Johanna Gleason died, aged 74 James Robertson died, 

at Fort Reno, D. C., while on a visit to his son in the army, aged 70. 



198 Notes from the News]pa]^ers. 1864- 

April 11. James Lynch died, aged 21 The new Steam boat Mil- 
ton Martin made her first trip from Catskill, and was said to be the finest 

boat of her dimensions on the river Col. Lewis Benedict killed at the 

battle of Red River, aged 45. 

April 12. Edward H. Peck died, aged 34. 

April 13. A bill was introduced in the senate for the erection of 
a new Capitol. The bill introduced by senator Laimbeer, appropri- 
ated ^100,000 for the commencement and prosecution of the new Capi- 
tol, and the necessary expenses attending the same. The first section 
provides that whenever the city of Albany, or the citizens thereof, 
shall deposit with the commissioners of the land office, a good and 
sufiicient deed, conveying to the people of the state, in fee simple 
and unincumbered, all that certain piece or parcel of land, generally 
known as Congress Hall block, in the said city of Albany, and 
bounded northerly by Washington avenue, easterly by Park [place, 
south by Congress street, and West by Hawk street, and furnish the pro- 
per evidence that the common council of Albany has closed and discon- 
tinued that part of Park street south of Washington avenue, and that 
part of Congress (late Spring) street, east of Hawk street, and thereupon 
the streets so closed shall become the property of the state, and be in- 
cluded in and form a part of the Capitol grounds, the governor shall 
nominate and by and with consent of the senate, appoint a board of three 
commissioners, to be known as the New Capitol Commission, for the pur- 
pose of erecting a new Capitol for the use and accommodation of the ex- 
ecutive, legislative and judicial departments of the state, and such 
other objects and purposes as may be connected therewith. The com- 
missioners will take the oath of office and file the same in the office of the 
secretary of state, and proceed immediately in such manner as they may 
deem best to procure the requisite plans for a new Capitol, the necessary 
accommodations, &c. ; and, upon the approval of the plan or plans by 
the commissioners of the land office, shall proceed with the work. The 
new Capitol shall be located in the city of Albany, upon the site of the 
present Capitol, and ground adjacent thereto, as shall have been secured 
for that purpose and conveyed to the state. The present Capitol was 
not to be removed until suitable rooms were completed in the new building, 

for the accommodation of at least one branch of the legislature Mary 

Stewart, wife of David Gillen, died, aged 72 John Bay died, aged 82. 

John J. Degrafi" died, aged 73 Margaret, wife of Patrick 

Walsh, died, aged 32. 

April 14. Catharine, wife of John G. Angus, died, aged 41 

Henry Osterhout died, aged 78. 

April 15. John McClusky, who died at Washington, aged 28, was 
buried in this city John Conners died, aged 23. 

April 19. Mrs. Mary Mann died, aged 72. 

April 20. Mrs. Elizabeth Rose, aged 81. 

April 21. Mrs. Katie M., wife of A. J. Wilde, of New York, died. 

A meeting of working men was held at the City Hall, to denounce 

a bill before the legislature to restrain unlawful acts by combinations 

The printers employed in the establishment of Mr. Munsell, on State 
street, knocked off work yesterday. The strike was caused by the 
introduction by Mr. Munsell, of a couple of young ladies into said estab- 




Eng?l3yA.E.Ritc"bi&- 







1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 199 

lishment to work at the case at book work, on account of the scarcity of 
workmen, a great number having volunteered and gone to the war. 
There were nine male workmen suspended operations. — Times. Two of 
the strikers went to work in other offices at a dollar a week less than he 
had paid them. 

April 23. Patrick Riley died, aged 74. 

April 24. Cornelia Pruyn, wife of Charles Van Zandt, died Ser- 
geant Harrie Booth, late of Albany, died at camp Chris Beck, near Mem- 
phis, aged 24. He was in the 7th Indiana Cavalry. 

April 26. William C Wilson died, aged 44 Henry B. Mesick 

died, aged 61 James Welsh died, aged 74. 

April 27. L. Sprague Parsons died, aged 5 Emma Ernestine Lodge 

died, aged 19 years and 8 months. 

April 28. The water was several feet above the dock, and early in the 
morning, the rain of several days continuance turned to snow, covering 
the houses to the depth of two inches, but melting on the earth, as it fell. 
x\bout 12 o'clock at night the cabinet manufactory of Xavier Sen- 
rick on Dove street, was destroyed by fire, and Mr. Senrick lost his life, 
aged o9, by entering the building while it was in flames. 

April 30. The malt coflFee manuftictory of White & Moore, corner of 
Bleecker and Quay streets, was destroyed by fire, loss $25,000. 

May 1. Alonzo L. Blanchard died, aged 65 Cornelius McEner- 

ney died, aged 66. 

May 2. Funeral of Col. Lewis Benedict, attended by the military and 

firemen Robert Clawson died, aged 71 Henry Pattison died, 

aged 25 Ann, wife of Harry Smith, died, aged 50 Catharine, 

wife of Conrad Degan, died, aged 29 Wm. H. Morton died, aged 23. 

May 3. Caroline M. Pemberton died, aged 28 Thomas Kelly died, 

aged 63 John Harris died, aged 65 Capt. Hercules Hillman 

died, aged 48 ..Elizabeth, widow of Capt. Wro. Coughtry, died. 

May 4. Ann, wife of Cornelius Mulverhill, died, aged 25. 

May 5. Wm. J. Reilley died, aged 27. 

May 6. The temperature rose to 85 in the shade, after a long spell of 

wet and cold weather Christian Clark died, aged 85 John Bar- 

riskill died, aged 56 Clinton J. Sheldon died, aged 23. 

May 7. Rev. S. H. Norton, formerly of Albany, died atFredonia, N. Y. 

May 8. Col. James Swift died, aged 42. He served one campaign of 
three months as Lieut. Col. of the 25th regiment, and another three 
months as Colonel. 

May 9. Fanny Reynolds died, aged 28 Ground was broken for 

the Pearl street rail road to Kenwood Charles Brice was killed at the 

battle of the Wilderness, in Virginia, aged 23. 

May 10. Eveline, wife of John Campbell, died, aged 61 A fire 

in West Ferry street destroyed several houses and a valuable horse 

Ann Lush died Gen. James C. Rice killed at Spott.sylvania, in Virginia. 

Simeon H. Mann of Co. G, 121st Reg., was killed also in the 

charge in the battle of Spott.sylvania Court House, while on the top of 
the enemy's breastworks. 

May 11. Jane Ann Boyd, wife of Thomas C. Flynn, died, aged 23. 

One hundred guns were fired in the Park, by order of the governor, 

for our victories in Virginia. 



200 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

May 14. Eugene Quackenbusli died, aged 29 John Welsli died, 

aged 41. 

May 16. John Kirnan died, aged 58. 

May 17. Funeral of Charles S. Herrman, member of Co. B, 177th 

Reg., who died at Bonnet Carre John Butler died, aged 50 

Jane, widow of Henry Guest, died, aged 96 Mary, wife of Bartholo- 
mew Curtin, died, aged 58 Julia, wife of James Burns, died 54. 

May 18. Samuel Watson died, aged 59. 

May 19. The funeral of Gren. James C. Rice took place at the resi- 
dence of his brother, William A. Rice. The services were performed by 
the Rev. Drs. Palmer and Sprague. The body was then conveyed to the 
Capitol, where it lay in state till half-past four, when the military funeral 

took place Fanny A., wife of Henry Lansing, died, aged 

Harmanus Augustus Bowers of Co. C, 177th Reg., died at Friedericks- 

burgh, of wounds received in battle Capt. John A. Morris was killed 

at the battle of Spottsylvania, aged 28. 

May 20. Mary, widow of Peter Gr. Van Wie, died, aged 83. 

May 24. Lieut. William E. Orr, of the 7th Artillery, was wounded in 
battle, and died soon after, aged 22. 
• May 25. James Murphy died, aged 45. 

May 26. Mary, wife of Josiah Conklin, died, aged 49. 

May 27. A. D. Rosekrans died, aged 66 Deborah Bleecker died. 

Gilbert Utter died, aged 64 T.Patrick Skilly died, aged 26 

The body of Daniel Calhoun, who was missed since the previous autumn, 
was found in the basin. 

May 28. Mrs. Maria Jarvis, formerly of Albany, died, aged 60. 

May 29. Col. John Wilson was buried with military honors 

Abraham S. Thornton, of the 7th Artillery, who died at Washington, 

was buried from the Hudson street Baptist church James Hayes died 

aged 31 The lad Kelly, who fell down the rocks at Buttermilk falls 

on Sunday afternoon, received a severe contusion on the head, which 
rendered him insensible for twelve hours. He fell a distance of about 
seventy-five feet, and it was a great wonder that he was not instantly 
killed. He was seeking a bird's nest at the time. 

May 30. William Douglass Forsyth died in New York. 

May 31. Mary Downey, wife of John Mc Cann, died, aged 30. 

June 1. John Malone died, aged 40. 

June 2. Elizabeth, wife of Henrj Oliver, died, aged 37 Wm. E. 

Orr, acting assistant adjutant general of 7th N. Y. artillery, died of 
wounds at Washington, D. C, aged 23. 

June 3. George E. Upjohn, of Co. H. Heavy Artillery, was killed at 
the battle of Cold Harbor, Va., aged 21. 

June 4. Col. Lewis 0. Morris was killed at the battle of Cold Harbor. 
Col. Morris was the commander of the 7th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, and 
not the colonel of the 66th as reported. Dr. Vanderpoel of this city, 
his brother-in-law, received a telegram announcing his death, and stating 
that his body had arrived at Washington. Col. Morris was a soldier by 
birth. His father's monument in our cemetery records his death at 
Monterey, leading his command, after an honorable career in the regu- 
lar army. In consideration of the services of the father, the son was im- 
mediately commissioned by President Polk, in the regular army. He 



1864. Notes from tlie Newspapers. 201 

acquired position there ; and when the 113th regiment was raised in this 
city, was offered the colonelship. His regiment was among the rein- 
forcements ordered to Grant, after the battles of the Wilderness, and he 
was acting brigadier general when he fell. The Journal pays a feeling- 
tribute to his personal character : Col. Morris was no ordinary man. His 
mind naturally vigorous, was strengthened by hard study, and enriched 
by liberal culture. Strong in will, yet winning in manners, he at once 
commanded the respect and affection of those under his command. Al- 
though a strict disciplinarian, he was idolized by his men. Cool in the 
hour of danger, self-possessed when the storm of battle raged fiercest, he 
inspired, by his example encouraged the timid, and rebuked the cowardly. 
He was a stranger to fear, and died gloriously in the field and in the face 
of the rebel foe. He was an ardent patriot, loved the old flag more than 
he did life, and went into the war for its defence with his whole heart. 
In the bright roll of martyr-heroes which history will exhibit to the ad- 
miration of coming ages, few names will shine out with a serener splen- 
dor than that of Col. Lewis 0. Morris. 

June 5. Catharine, wife of John J. Van Alstine, died, aged 55 

Maria, wife of Jacob Grramm, died, aged 40 Edward Garrett died 

aged 28 Lemon Eeynolds died at Richmond, a prisoner of war. 

June 6. Walter D. Leslie died at Yorktown, Va., aged 17, and was 
buried at Albany, Oct. 26. 

June 7. The workmen upon the Albany bridge drove the first piles. 

Samuel H. Stewart died, aged 64 James Haley died Nicholas 

Williams died at Ilichmond, a prisoner of war. 

June 8. Arthur Lyness died, aged 39. 

June 9. Thomas Kavanah died, aged 25 Michael McDonouo^h 

died, aged 25 Thomas Costigan died at Chestnut Hill hospital, Phila- 
delphia, aged 23. 

June 10. William Ellis died at Richmond, Va., a prisoner of war. 

June 11. Funeral of Col. Morris. The remains of this gallant youno- 
ofiicer were conveyed from the residence of his brother-in-law, Dr. Van- 
derpoel, to the North Dutch church, where the funeral exercises took 
place. They were conducted by the pastor, the Rev. Dr. Rufus W^. Clark 
and were solemn and impressive. Among those in attendance at the 
church were a few members of the 7th artillery, who were wounded in 
the recent campaign in A-^irginia, and who can now walk by the aid of 
crutches. At the conclusion of the services in the church, the remains 
were brought out and received with military honors by the Twenty-fifth 
regiment, under command of Col. Church. The remains of Col. Morris 
were then conveyed to the cemetery. The funeral escort consisted of the 
Twenty-fifth regiment, preceded by Schreiber's band. Then followed 
the funeral car druwu by six grey horses plumed. The coffin was covered 
by the flag for which he lost his life, and adorned with white roses. The 
bearers were Generals Rathbone and Vanderpoel, and Colonels Baker 
Ainsworth, Young and Harcourt, flanked by a detachment of the Twenty- 
fifth regiment, and followed by the horse of the deceased, led by his 
groom. The mourners were followed by officers and soldiers of the army, 
who came hither to pay the last tribute of respect to the brave and la- 
mented dead. The committee of arrangements and the mayor and com- 
mon council followed in carriages, The streets through which the 

Hist. Coll. a. 26 



202 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

funeral cortege passed were crowded with spectators, and grief was de- 
picted in almost every coiintenance Isabella, wife of B. K. Miller, 

and daughter of Geo. W. Peckham, late of Albany, died at Milwaukie, 
aged 26. 

June 12. A hail storm at 11 o'clock; some of the hail as large as 

walnuts Richard Crozier died, aged 37. 

June 14. John Westover died at Richmond, a prisoner of war. 
June 15. Major Charles E. Pruyn, of the 118th, was killed in battle 
before Petersburgh, aged 23. He was the son of the late Samuel Pruyn, 
entered (he army as a lieutenant, and earned his promotion by courage in 
the field. He was buried on the 27th. 

June 16. Sarah, wife of Andrew Corcoran, died, aged 33. 

June 17. J. V. Henry McKown died, aged 32 John Wallace died, 

aged 35 John A.Johnson was killed in charging the defences at 

Petersburg. 

June 18. Sarah Niver died, aged 36 Samuel W. King died 

Clara Maria, wife of John Tweddledied Henry Clay Leslie died in hos- 
pital at Washington, aged 19 George Sanders, Sergeant of Battery 

D, 7th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, died of wounds received in the battle of 
Cold Harbor, Va. 

June 19. Samuel R. Swain of the 57th Reg., N. Y. V., was buried. 
He died at Warrenton Junction, Va. 

June 20. Capt. Robert H. Bell died. Capt. Robert H. Bell of the 
7th Heavy Artillery, died in the army hospital at Washington, on Monday. 
He was wounded in battle on the 19th of May last, and subsequently un- 
derwent the amputation of one of his limbs above the knee. From that 
moment he began to sink, and Monday death put an end to his suifering. 
Capt. Bell was one of the first to volunteer in defence of his country. 
When Washington was threatened, he enlisted in Co. R. (A. B. C's, 
Capt. Kingsley), 25th Reg., as a private, and remained with it until it 
returned to this city. He subsequently re-enlisted, and from merit and 
deeds of valor he steadily rose until he gained the position he occupied 
when he was shot down on the field of battle. We learn by a telegram 
that his body has been embalmed and will be forwarded to this city for 
interment. Capt. Bell was a prominent member of the fire department, 
at one time being foreman of engine 8 Henry Glass died at Rich- 
mond, a prisoner of war. 

June 21. The New York Post says : The new day boat Chauncey 
Vibbard, Capt. Hitchcock, commenced her regular trips to Albany on 
Tuesday. She is a fine vessel, measuring two hundred and seventy five 
feet long, and thirty-five feet beam, built by Lawrence & Folk of Brook- 
lyn. The engines make about twenty-five strokes a minute, and give the 
vessel great speed. The Vibbard is fitted up throughout with much taste. 
The Daniel Drew, which runs with her, makes the trip from West Point 
to New York in two hours and thirty minutes. These boats form the 
popular day line to Albany. The following will show the time of the Vib- 
bard, from point to point, on her first trip to Albany : New York to 
Yonkers, 42m. New York to Hastings, 55m. New York to Caldwell, 
2h. 4m. West Point to Newburgh, 26m. Newburgh to Poughkeepsie, 
44m. Rhinebeck toCatskill,lh. 6m. Catskill to Hudson, 12im. New 
York to Albany, deducting time at landing, 71 hours. Chief Engineer 



1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 203 

Gage feels confident that he can make the trip in an hour's less time, 
when everything is in perfect order. 

June 22. Mary J., wife of John S. Perry, died, aged 38 George 

L. Webster died, aged 36. 

June 23. Katie Agnes Farrell died, aged 17 Lieut. John Nolan 

of the 155th Reg., mortally wounded at the battle before Petersburg, 
died in hospital, at Annapolis, aged 33. 

June 21. Wm. Van Gaasbeek a member of the Eleventh Artillery 
(Havelock Battery), died on Morris Island, near New York. On the 
12th inst., he was wounded in the arm by a rebel sharpshooter, and after- 
wards suffered amputation of the limb at the shoulder blade. Although 
he received every attention, his physician could not rally him, and he 
sank steadily and calmly into the slumbers of death. He was a young 
man possessed of many social and agreeable qualities, and beloved by 
his comrades. He was a brave and accomplished soldier, and enlisted in 
the defence of his country with mingled feelings of patriotism and justice. 
His death will cast a gloom over a large circle of relatives and friends in 

this city, by whom he was loved and beloved Eliza Jane Williamson, 

wife of George Sanders, (whose death occui-red on the 18th), died 

Thomas Smith Jr., Co. B, Berdan's Sharp Shooters, died at City Point 
hospital, Va., aged 21. He was wounded in a skirmish before Peters- 
burg on the 16th Temperature in some localities as high as 99 de- 
grees in the shade. 

June 25. Joseph Cahill died, aged 45. 

June 26. The funeral of the late Capt. Bell, Seventh Artillery, took 
place yesterday afternoon, from the house of Engine Co. No. 8. It was 
an imposing and impressive scene. The coffin was placed on a raised 
dais, on an open catafalque, over which, from each corner, sprung an arch 
of evergreens, from the centre of which were suspended a figure 8, com- 
posed of immortelle. The coffin was shrouded with the starry banner 
for which he " nobly fighting fell." The cataftilque was drawn by four 
gray horses, plumed, preceded by Schreiber's band, and the entire fire 
department (in citizens' dress), under the direction of Chief McQuade, 
as also members of the Masonic fraternity. The body was placed in the 

cemetery receiving vault Thermometer 103 degrees in the shade 

William Brainard died at Richmond, a prisoner of war. 

June 27. Mary Reenen, wife of Christopher Benniuk, died, aged 26. 

June 28. Catharine, wife of James Finnegan, died, aged 66 

Maria Dunn, wife of Thomas Foley, died, aged 27 Sergt. Alex. D. 

Rice of the 7th artillery, died in the hospital, at Washington, of wounds 
received in battle before Richmond, aged 26. 

June 30. Bridget, wife of Michael Blanch, died, aged 27 George 

E. Seaton died, aged 41. 

July 1. Louisa A. Roof died, aged 18 Mrs. Maria, widow of Alonzo 

D. Blanchard, died, at Salem, Washington Co., aged 63, and was buried 
in Albany. 

July 2. Thomas O'Rourke died, aged 50 James Burns died, aged 

22 John Mooney died at Richmond, a prisoner of war. 

July 3. Hugh McDonell died, aged 30. 

July 4. Edgar Doolittle died, aged 18 James McDonald late of the 

Eagle street Hotel, died of injuries received by the upsetting of a stage 



204 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

July 6. James Bennet died, aged 71.." Mary, widow of Christoplier 

Hepinstall, died Oscar H. Boyd died at Sau Francisco, aged 48 

Daniel E. Swart died at Richmond, a prisoner of war. 

July 7. Robert A. Fitzgerald died, aged 45. 

July 8. Under the obituary head this morning will be found chroni- 
cled the death of two aged and respected citizens. Abram Covert and 
Charles Pohlman. The former for many years carried on a morocco man- 
ufactory in this city. He was a man of the strictest integrity, and a de- 
voted Christian. He died at the ripe age of 79 years. The latter is 
well known to our firemen. At every fire that has occurred in the city 
during the past thirty years. Old Pop Pohlman, as he was familiarly known, 
would be found battling with the flames and endeavoring to save pro- 
perty. He was employed by the insurance companies to look to their 
interests in case of fire, and he performed that duty well. He will be 
greatly missed by our firemen who " will never look on his like again." 
— Express Charles Pohlman died, aged 61. 

July 11. William B. Grourlay died, aged 49 Marcus T. Reynolds 

died aged 76. 

July 12. Mrs. Cyntha, wife of Joel Munsell, Sen., died, aged 82 

Col. James J). Visscher was killed in battle before Washington, aged 36, 
and was buried in Albany, July 24. 

July 13. Joseph Chatterson died, 65 John Van Leuvan of Co. Gr. 

N. Y. Cavalry, died of wounds at Travillion's station Mrs. Mary 

Home died, aged 86. 

July 14. Dowd B. Gardner died, aged 67. 

July 15. John A. Fee died of wounds received in battle at Petersburg, 

Va., aged 28, and was buried at Albany on the 22d Abraham Van- 

denburgh died at Fortress Monroe, aged 45 Jacob Burth died at 

Richmond, a prisoner of war. 

July 17. Joseph Cooke died, aged 72 Genevieve, wife of D. B. 

Tunniclifi", died, aged 39. 

July 18. Frances A. Knowlton died, aged 17 Philip Smith died, 

aged 80. 

July 19. The 91st regiment returned about 9 o'clock in the evening, 

and was met by an immense concourse of citizens at the depot John 

Moore died, aged 22. 

July 20. Despatches to the Rebel war department from General Hood, 
in command of the Rebel army at Atlanta, announce the death on this 
day of Major General W. H. T. AValker. General Walker was formerly 
a resident of tliis city, and married the youngest daughter of the late 
Isaiah Townsend, and sister of Hon. Franklin Townsend and Provost 
Marshal Frederick Townsend. At the breaking out of the rebellion Gen. 
W. resided at Atlanta, and, renouncing allegiance to the government of 
the United States, entered the Rebel army. He was formerly an ofiicer 
in the United States army, and was about fifty years of age. He was 
born in Georgia, entered the West Point Military Academy in 1883, and 
graduated in 1837, standing nearly at the bottom of his class. He entered 
the United States army as a brevet second lieutenant of infantry, on July 
2,1837, and was attached to the sixth regiment. At the end of the 
month he received his full rank of second lieutenant. He then went to 



1864. Notes from tlie Newspapers. 205 

Florida, and in the battle of Okeechobee, on December 25, 1837, was 
wounded severely in three places. For his gallantry and good conduct 
in that battle he was brevetted first lieutenant from that date, receiving 
his full rank on February 1, 1888. He resigned the service on October 
31, 1838 ; but after an absence of two years was induced to reenter the 
service. He was therefore reappointed first lieutenant of the sixth inftmtry 
on November 18, 1840, his rank to date from February 1, 1838. By this 
plan he was enabled to gain the promotion to a captaincy on November 9, 
1845, instead of at a later period. He served in Mexico, and was bre- 
vetted major on August 20, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct at 
Contreras and Cherubusco. He was severely wounded in the battle of 
Molino del Rey, during the storming of the works on September 8, 1847, 
and was brevetted lieutenant colonel from that date. During July. 1854, 
he was appointed commandant of cadets at West Point, and on the 3d of 
March, 1855, was promoted to the rank of major of the tenth infantry. 
On the 20th December, 1860, he resigned the United States service and 
returned to Georgia, where, although the first to leave the United States 
service for the cause of the llebels, he was allowed to remain. After 
being neglected for some time he was appointed a brigadier general of the 
provisional Rebel army, and during June, 1863, was promoted to major 
general. He commanded a division of Hardee's corps, and was shot 
through the foot in the engagement near Dallas, Georgia, June, 1864. — 

Express Samuel Patten died, aged 45 Esther, wife of Matthew 

Burton, died, aged 82 Ida, wife of Isaac May, died. 

July 22. Captain John Fee, of the 4Sth regiment, was buried. He had 

been foreman of Engine Company No. 7 Edmund S. Herrick died, 

aged 68 Charles Reynolds died, aged 66 William C. Feltman 

died Susan, wife of John Grounds, died, aged 47. 

July 28. Bishop 3IcCloskey, on leaving Albany for New York, reviewed 
his 17 years' work. When Albany was first erected into a see, there 
were within its limits only between 40 and 50 churches, between 30 and 
40 priests and a Catholic population not exceeding some 60,000. The 
Catholic churches now number more than 100, and the older churches 
have been enlarged and beautified. Meantime the number of priests has 
increased to about 90, while the Catholic population has augmented to 
nearly 200,000. Where there were but 2 asylums for orphans there now 
are 8 ; besides a hospital. Now there are 4 religious orders where there 
were none before, viz : Jesuits, Franciscans, Augustinians and the Peres 
Oblats ; twenty priests more in number, zealously cooperating with the 
devoted secular clergy in the work of missions. There are now as many 
as 40 Christian brothers charged with the education of youth in the asy- 
lums and schools in the three largest cities of the diocese. Of communi- 
ties of religious women there are now six — the Sisters of Charity, Sisters 
of St. Joseph, Sisters of St. Francis, the Grey Nuns from Canada, Ladies 
of the Sacred Heart and Sisters of Mercy, laboring with and training the 
young in almost every portion of the diocese. 

July 24. Mrs. Elizabeth Kibbee died, aged 75 John W. Baker 

died at Richmond, a prisoner of war. 

July 25. Richard Gay died, aged 00 John Finnigan died, aged 38. 

July 26. As Gen. A. Douw Lansing, was walking in Broadway, yes- 
terday about 5 o'clock p. m., he became suddenly faint, and was taken 



206 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

into the store of J. H. Rice, corner of Broadway and Orange streets, 
where restoratives were administered and medical aid sent for. He con- 
tinued insensible ; and on the arrival of Dr. Barent P. Staats, a few 
minutes after, it was ascertained that he had ceased to live. Few men 
were more widely known or better loved, in this vicinity, than Gen. Lan- 
sing. For more than forty years he has had almost exclusive charge of 
the large Manorial estates of the Van Rensselaers, and had, in many 
ways, been interested in the business affairs of Albany, and its neighbor- 
hood. He was a just and generous man, a good citizen, a christian in all 
the walks of life, and aiiectionately loved in the circle of family and 

friends Andrew D. Lansing died, aged 68 x\ meeting of officers 

of colleges and academies, in this state, was held at the Capitol, under 
the name of University Convocation of the State of New York, for mu- 
tual consultation respecting the cause of education, and a permanent 

organization was formed Mary Coleman died, aged 26. 

July 27. Susan Horner, wife of George W. Carlon, died Gilbert 

Anderson died, aged 71. 

July 28. Aaron D. Patchen, formerly cashier of the New York State 
Bank, died at Buffalo. He was born in Hoosick, in this state, in 1808. 
Left when a boy the head of a poor family, he so deported himself as to 
conciliate respect for himself and them. He proved himself a sterling 
man of business. He won the confidence of capitalists, and as a banker, 
has filled with credit, several positions of great trust, when he removed 
to Buffalo in 184-J:. His career among us is well known. His extraordi- 
nary capacity as a financier, his wonderful quickness of perception, and 
versatility of resource, and his daring and indomitable energy were well 
proven in the long closing struggle of his business life. In his domestic 
relations he was kind, judicious, firm. His nature was genial, his ad- 
dress was easy, his manners pleasing, and he always succeeded in society. 
Like most men devoted to business he was truly known to but a few, but 
those who knew him truly, admired and respected him, and there is 

among us much sincere mourning for his death Eliza, wife of Wm. 

J. Mack, died, aged 30. 

July 29. Elizabeth Moore died, aged 79 Neil McLean, wounded 

in the battle of the Wilderness, died of his wound in the hospital at Al- 
exandria, aged 47. 

July 31. The droiight of 1864 may justly be considered one of the 
most severe that has prevailed in this country for many years. From 
the 27th of May to the 24th of July, inclusive, a period of 59 days, only 
two inches and forty-three hundredths of rain fell. The rains of July 
were on the 2d, a quarter of an inch, on the 8th, a fifth of an inch, and 
on the night of the 10th, an eighth of an inch — all insignificant. Then, 
on the 25th, from 4 to 11 a. m., two and one tenth inches fell, the value 
of which was incalculable. The drought severe as it has been, has prob- 
ably not been as disastrous as some of those of preceding years, as the 
nights have been almost invariably cool up to within the last few days, 
and the dews have been in consequence remarkably copious. By way of 
comparison, the following table of some of the droughts in this vicinity 
during past years is given. 



1864. Notes from the Newspax^ers. 207 

1843 — May and June, 61 days, 2-44 

18^^ — August and September, 55 days, : .'.".'.2:42 

1846 — August, September and October, 47 days, 0-89 

1847- April and May, 53 days, ."..'.*.'.'.' .'."l:D4 

1848 — April and May, 58 days, '.'.'.'.',! 2-09 

1848 — July, August and September, 50 days, .'...'l:55 

1849 — June and July, 50 days, ........1-42 

1851 — July, August and September, 69 days, 2:14 

1854 — July, August and September, 45 days,. .1:13 

1856 — June, July and August, 60 days, '. '.!!."!!!.'2:60 

1864 — May, June and July, 59 days, !.!.!2:43 

This drought continued until August George E. Cady long propri- 
etor of Cady's Hotel in Broadway, corner of Orange street, died, aged 60. 
Alexander Gray died, aged 77 James Freeman died 72. 

Aug. 2. Alexander Niblock died, aged 74 Lawrence Kirby died 

aged 55 Anna Katharina Shadier died, aged 53 Ann wife of 

Thomas Barren, died, aged 30 Edwin C. Goldwaite died, aged 19 

John Finn died. 

Aug. 4. The following is a statement of the capital, the par value of 
shares, and the prices at which the stock last sold, of the several Albany 
Insurance Companies named : 

. ,, ^,9^PI*^^^- ^^"^ ^^^'^^ of shares. Latest price of stock. 

Albany, $150,000 50 160 

Albany City, ... 200,000 100 145 

Commerce, 200,000 100 140 

......Mary, wife of Barney Leddy, late of Albany, died at Bath, Rens- 

^^'^^^; C«-' «g«fl 26 Catharine, widow of Nathaniel Davis, died at 

Elizabeth, N. J., aged 84 John Frus died, aged 22 Price Price 

died, aged 53. 

Aug. 7. Ludwig Schaffer died, aged 53. 
_ Aug. 8. Harrison G. Clark died at Madison, Ind., aged 27.... Chris- 
tian Scheidler died, aged 26. He was one of the first volunteers in the 
war, and served in the Virginia campaign in the 25th regiment. 

Aug. 9^ James O'Hara committed suicide by drowning, aged 63. He 
walkedoff a boat lying between Maiden lane and Columbia street, into 
the basin. He shouted for help, and was rescued from drownino- by of- 
ficer Martin. The old man was then placed in charge of a boy named 
Uugan, who knew him, and he promised to go home.^ He walked alon- 
Quay street a short distance, when he pushed the boy from him, crossed 
the Quay, and again walked ofi" the dock and was drowned. He had re- 
cently returned from Ireland, and had disposed of all his property This 
act lie had since regretted, and it is supposed that this, together with 

close application to reading, had impaired his mind and health John 

Sheridan died, aged 49 Mrs. Janet P. Smith, daughter of the late 

b. J. Penniman, died at Newburg. 

Aug. 10. Ebenezer McGregor^died, aged 42. 

Aug^ 11. Stephen J. Rider died, aged 76 Asher P. Hackleydied, 

aged ^6 Nelson H. Childs died, aged 39, 



208 Notes from the News])apers. 1864. 

Aug. 13. Ann Wolohan died, aged 65. 

Aug. 14. William John Moore died, aged 38. 

Aug. 15. Sherlock Rodgers Jr., died, aged 32. 

Aug. 16. Michael Kilfoil died, aged 58 Warner Wilson died, 

aged 43. 

Aug. 17. Jane, wife of Philip Holten, died, aged 37. 

Aug. 18. Luke McKeone died, aged 66 Jacoh Hidel died, aged 46. 

Aug. 19. Christopher Foley died, aged 23. 

Aug. 20. William Webster died, aged 85 John Meigs for many 

years high constable of this city, and a terror to evil doers, died at Ja- 
maica, L. I., aged 80. 

Aug. 21. George Lawrence died, aged 68 Margaret E. Lawlor, 

wife of Edward Welch, died, aged 28. 

Aug. 23. Michael Gilmartin died, aged 88. 

Aug. 24. The board of supervisors oflered a bounty of $900 for re- 
cruits, which added to the state bounty made $1,500 Henry D. 

Brower was killed at the battle of Ream's Station, aged 24. 

Aug. 25. Capt. Nathaniel Wright of the 7th N. Y. Heavy xirtillery, 
was killed in the battle of Ream's Station. Nattie, as he was called by 
his many friends, was at the time of the organization of his regiment, in 
the employ of Woodward & Hill, as salesman, a situation he filled satis- 
factorily for over ten years ; but in July 1862, when the national cause 
looked cloudy, he decided to stay at home no longer, and united with 
Capt. Bell in raising a company for our 113th regiment. He has passed 
througli all the terrible fights unscathed, in which his command has been 
engaged subsequent to the crossing of the Rappahannock on the 17th of 
May last, only to lay down his life now with the countless braves who 
have gone before him. The deceased was about 27 years of age, and was 
a nephew of the late Nathaniel Wright. The grass which shall grow 
green over the graves of those killed in this confiict will wave over no 
more generous hearted friend or true patriot than Capt. Nathaniel Wright. 
Susan C. Flynn, wife of James Mimney, died Maggie B. Mil- 
ler died, aged 27 Mrs. Mary Ballantiue died, aged 77 Michael 

Brannigan died, aged 59 Maj. Edward A. Springsteed of the 7th 

Artillery, was killed at the battle of the Weklon rail road, in Virginia, 
where he was senior officer of the regiment, and in command of it. 

Aug. 26. Daniel Garrity died, aged 30. 

Aug. 26. Many of our citizens were awakened Saturday morning 
about two o'clock, by a discharge of Heaven's artillery. It was sudden, 
startling and almost of a deafening character. Those who have been on 
the battle field compare it to the bursting of a fifteen inch shell, the re- 
port and rumbling sound after the explosion being similar to the bursting 
of the shell and the scattering of the fragments in the air. The like of 

it has not been heard here in a long time There were 108 persons 

confined in the county insane asylum Charles Donahoe died, aged 43. 

Michael Quirk died, aged 25. 

Aug. 28. This morning Rev. Dr. Sprague announced to his congrega- 
tion that that day was the 35th anniversary of his connection with that 
church as its pastor. He referred to the circumstance in appropriate 
and touching language, stating that but few were then occupying pews 
before him, who were present at his installation, thirty-five years ago. 



1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 209 

Great changes had transpired within tliat period. He congratulated the 
congregation upon their flourishing condition and said it afforded him 
pleasure to announce that funds had been secured for the erection of a 
new and commodious lecture and sabbath school room. The arrangements 
for the building were so nearly completed, that the structure would soon 
be commenced. The discourse was an able and eloquent one, and was 
delivered with marked vigor and force. We trust the venerable gentle- 
man will be spared many years to minister to his admiring congregation. 

I^iary, wife of John Dunnigan, died, aged 32. 

Aug. 29. Jacob Boyser died, aged 53 Justin R. Huntly of Co. E, 

44th llcg., died at Whitehall hospital, Bristol Co., Pennsylvania, aged 18. 

Aug. ol. Rev. Michael Guth died, aged 62 ; one of the most vene- 
rable, hard working and unassuming, pious priests throughout this country. 
Though the number of his days were sixty-two years, yet as a faithful 
priest he ministered at the altar for upwards of thirty-eight years. Or- 
dained at Bezangon, his desires of Christian charity brought him from 
home and friends. For years he sowed the good seed in Maryland and 
along the valley of the Blue Ridge. Later on, it was his hand that up- 
raised in Northern New York many a white cross, to shine in the sun- 
light and on the ripple of Cape St. Vincent. Long before the diocese 
of Albany was established. Father Guth was unfolding the beautiful 
mysteries of our redemption, amidst the protracted winters of the 
north. Each Sunday morning he visited two distant stations, and though 
fasting and chilled by the long early ride, yet told his people in the En^-- 
lish, French and German languages, the works and ways of Divine love. 
His lonely life was endeared to him by study. Philosophy, and astrono- 
my, and music became companions, and were incentives to his commun- 
ing soul to " rise higher." Self sacrificing, unsuspecting and beloved, his 
career is closed, unsullied by impatience, avarice or pride. The vesper 
psalms were chaunted in the cathedral last evening, and inaugurated the 
oflicefor the dead. — Argus Philip Brudey died, aged 35. 

Sept. L Richard Visser died, aged 27. 

Sept. 2. Alexander Marvin died, aged 80 Patrick White died, 

aged 21 Lucinda, wife of Robert Conroy, died, aged 82 Henry 

Mann, formerly of Albany, died at Westfield, 3Iass., aged 40. 

Sept. 4. Mary, wife of Geo. W. McKnight, died, aged 58 Francis 

E., wife of Alexander G. Sheldon, died, aged 35. 

Sept. 5. James Fahrquahrson died Hannah Wetmore Treadwell, wife 

of Dr. Martin L. JMead, was killed by being thrown from a carriage at Mid- 

dlebury, Vermont, aged 22 R. B. Corliss, Jr., of Co. C, 7th Heavy 

Artillery, died at the confederate camp prison at Andersonville, aged 20. 

Sept. 6. Daniel A. Quigley died, aged 36 William Edwards died, 

aged 66 Joshua M. Babcock died, aged 42. 

Sept. 7. Catharine Ryan, wife of John Tole, died, aged 40 John 

McElveney, member of Co. E, 63d Reg., died at Alexandria, of wounds 
received before Petersburg, June 16, aged 49. 

Sept. 8. Anthony MciQuade died, aged 60 Maus Houghtalin"- 

died, aged 77- 

Sept. 10. Harriet Ann, wife of John W. Sherman, died, aged 34.. 

Patrick Mahar died, aged 42 John 3Iay died, aged 19 Wm. R. 

Rice died, aged 21. 

Hist. Coll. a. 27 



210 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

Sept. 12. Elizabeth, widow of Warner Daniels, died, aged 82 

John Jauies McClusky died, aged 34. 

Sept. 13. Mary Evans Harper died, aged 21 Isabella M. Whalen, 

wife of Lawrence Hennessey, died, aged 23 Margaret Fewer died, 

aged 19. 

Sept. 14. Derrick Van Scliaack died, aged 71. 

Sept. 15. The steam boat Chauncey Vibbard made the trip from New 
York to Albany in 6h. 42m. This is the quickest trip on record. The 
following remarkable trips have been made : 

YEAR. H.M. 

1852, Francis Skiddy, 7:30 

1860, Armenia, 7:42 

1851, New World, 7:43 

1849, Alida, 7:45 

1862, Daniel Drew, 6:50 

1864, Chauncey Vibbard, 6:42 

It is in the memory of many living men when the steam boats, after much 
careful improvement, were announced to make the trip between the two 
cities by daylight — that was in from 16 to 18 hours. 

Sept. 16. Owen Thompson, a cattle dealer, was murdered at West 
Albany. 

Sept. 17. Kichard Miley died, aged 23. 

Sept. 18. Daniel D. Shaw died, aged 64. The deceased at one time 
held the position of alderman of the old democratic 5th Ward, and af- 
terwards represented the ward in the boai'd of supervisors. Subsequently 
he was appointed collector of port, and in later years held a position in 
the post office. He distinguished himself in each of the above positions, 
discharging the duties of his office with marked ability. Honesty of 
purpose and strict business habits marked his course and tended to make 

him a frugal officer and an influential citizen Sarah Ford died, aged 

82 Mary Donovan died, aged 32 Ann, wife of Charles McAllis- 
ter died, aged 45 Jesse Barker died, aged 73. 

Sept. 19. Luther Frisbee died, aged 69 Alexander C. Grant died, 

aged 44 Patrick Ryan died, aged 22 Wm. H. Moon was killed 

at the battle of Winchester, Va., aged , and buried at Albany, Jan. 5, 

1865 John B. Carter was killed at the battle of W^inchester, Va., 

and was buried at Albany, Jan. 5, 1865 Henry Montraville was also 

killed in the above action and was buried in Albany, 22d January. 1865. 

Sept. 21. Eliza, wife of William Lynch, died, aged 52. 

Sept. 22. Marietta, wife of William B. Gilchrist, died, aged 30 

Ellen, wife of Patrick Ganam, died, aged 26 Jacob M. Settle died, 

aged 44 Thomas Bohen died Edward Downs died, aged 33. 

Sept. 23. Edwin Beebe died, aged 52. He was for many years the 

proprietor of the Franklin House Patrick Edmund Mulharan, of the 

91st regiment, died at Fort McHenry, Baltimore. 

Sept. 24. Anniversary of the taking of Fort Orange by the English, 

in 1664, when it received the name of Albany Dr. Ira M. De la 

Mater died, aged 45 John Hillmau died at Darien, Wisconsin, aged 

59. 

Sept. 25. William Scobie died, aged 56. 



1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 211 

Sept. 26. The water in the river this morning was very low — lower 
than it had been for many seasons past, or within the recollection of 
many of our river men. The Skiddy from New York last night, ground- 
ed between this city and Troy. The Vanderbilt from Troy last night 
was aground on Cuyler's bar, and the Vibbard, which left here a? 9 
o'clock, took her passengers off. This has been caused by the high north- 
erly and westerly winds which prevailed yesterday and last night. The 
water has fallen eighteen inches below the ordinary low water tide mark. 
Even vessels were aground at our docks. This is the first time this season 
that steam boats, or even vessels have grounded here or on the bars. The 
upper basin presented a very singular appearance. From the centre 
opening of the Columbia street bridge to the lock, it appeared as if a 
canal had been cut just wide enough to allow boats to pass one another 
going to and from the canal. Never before has such a sight been seen, 
and it may probably never occur again. — Journal. 

Sept. 27. The bridge was completed over the outlet to the Basin at the 
foot of Hamilton street, and vehicles first passed over it. It is superior 

in every respect to its predecessor Emil Hydeman died, aged 26. 

Frederich Mohler died, aged 30 Peter Gardiner died, aged 52. 

Alonzo Bohanan died, aged 36. 

_ Sept. 28. Our streets were unusually lively yesterday afternoon, the 
citizens turning out in large numbers to witness the return of the veterans 
of the 44th regiment. The welcome extended to them was as warm and 
generous as it was merited. It will be remembered that but a few months 
after the commencement of hostilities, a number of our of our most 
prominent citizens resolved to unite their means and efforts to raise a regi- 
ment that would, in every respect, be a model organization. The original 
plan was to accept a man from each town in the state, but unforeseen diffi- 
culties arose under this plan, and it was abandoned; and although many 
parts of the state were represented in it, our own city and county fur- 
nished a larger number than any other locality. The regiment was made 
up of picked men — men selected not only with a view to their own 
physical^ advantages, but also with regard to their moral worth; and we 
feel justified in saying that in these respects no finer regiment ever en- 
tered the army than was the Forty-fourth, when it left Albany nearly 
three years ago (Oct. 21, 1861), — they numbered ten hundred and sixty 
strong. Since then it had participated in twelve general engagements, 
and in as many more skirmishes, and always with distinguished "bravery! 
But fortunes of war had told fearfully upon its ranks. "Brigadier Gene- 
ral Rice and many others of the gentlemen who went out in its list of 
officers, gave up their lives for the cause in which they so cheerfully vol- 
unteered, fighting valiantly where the hardest and bravest blows were 
to be struck, and dying with their faces to the foe. During its service 
upwards of 700 recruits joined its ranks, and now, when 170 return to 
their homes, there are left in the field but 300. As an evidence of the 
material of which it was originally composed, we may state that about 
150 of the rank and file have been promoted into other regiments. The 
veterans of this regiment, who are returning home, number 170 men 
and 14 officers. On their arrival here, about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, 
they were received by the mayor, common council, and the citizens com- 
mittee, and under escort of the 22d Veteran corps (a neat and fine 



212 Notes from the Newspapers. 1864. 

looking body of men), and the 16th Massachusetts battery, they marched 
through a number of principal streets, exciting feelings of the warmest 
admiration among the thousands of citizens who crowded the walk. Pas- 
sing up State street, they paid Mrs. Erastus Corning, Sr., the compli- 
ment of a marching salute. When, three years ago, the regiment started 
for the seat of war, it was presented with an elegant flag by Mrs. Corning. 
This flag having been worn out was returned to the donor, and anew one 
given in exchange about the 1st of January, 1863. Arrived at the Capi- 
tol, Grovernor Seymour was introduced by Col. Conner to the men, who 
greeted his excellency with a round of hearty cheers. Governor Seymour 
addressed them briefly, alluding in feeling and eloquent terms to their 
brave departed comrades, and tendering to his hearers, on behalf of the 
state, as well as for the city of Albany, the most earnest thanks. He 
spoke of their services and sacrifices, and assured them that their deeds 
of patriotism and heroism would ever be the theme of praise on the lips 
of their fellow citizens. The regiment then marched from the Capitol 
to Congress Hall, where, as the guests of the city, they partook of a 
substantial collation, after which they were surrounded by many old 

friends, with whom they passed a happy evening. — Express Andrew 

Comstock died, aged 82. 

Sept. 29. Martin Huley died, aged 35 Hannah Sullivan died, aged 

99 Anthony Zeitler of od Reg., was killed at Jones's Landing, Va. 

He had but recently enlisted ; had been foreman of Engine No. 12. 

Sept. 30. Peter L. Houck Jr., of the 50th Reg., N. Y. Engineers, 
died at the City Point hospital, of a wound received in the entrenchment 
before Petersburg. 

Oct. 2. Olive D. Tyler, wife of Dr. Wm. H. Randell, died, aged 26. 

Oct. 3. Robert Owen died, aged 20 John Hagan died of yellow 

fever, at Newborn, N. C , aged 32. He was a member of Co. F, 12th 
N. Y. Cavalry, and formerly a printer in this city. 

Oct. 4. Martha E. Paige died, aged 41. 

Oct. 5. William M. Rapp died, aged 40, member of 61st Reg., New 
York Volunteers. 

Oct. 6. Anna Augusta Conley died, aged 21. 

Oct. 7. Mary Fitzgerald died, aged 65. 

Oct. 8. Mrs. Emma Dexter, died, aged 75. 

Oct. 9. John Ryan died, aged 18. 

Oct. 10. The following bids were made for the lease of the Green- 
bush Ferry. Henry A. Davis proposed to take the franchise and pay to 
the city annually 500 dollars. James Edwards and others proposed to 
pay the city 300 dollars annually for the same. Samuel Schuyler pro- 
dosed to pay for the same 750 dollars. John McEvoy and John Phelan also 
proposed to take the same franchise and pay 1200 dollars annually and 
run the ferry as proposed. All the propositions are made on the basis 
that the city is to put the slips and decks in good repair, and build ferry 
houses ; and the propositions provided that the proposer should keep 

these in good repair and surrender them to thecity in that condition 

The Burgesses corps held their annual election for officers which resulted 
as follows: Wm. H. Taylor, captain ; William J. Thomas, first lieuten- 
ant; Theodore Sharts, second lieutenant; Henry C. Haskell, third lieu- 
tenant; M. H.Donovan, orderly sergeant ; Robert Harris, second ser- 







(i<2-.- 






1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 213 

geant ; John M. Kankio, third sergeant; Andrew G. White, fourth ser- 
geant. The following civic officers were elected : S. H. H. Parsons, 
president; John Clemshire, vice-president ; T. Van Hovenburgh, finan- 
cial secretary; Walter Dickson, recording secretary ; B. V. Z. Wemple, 
treasurer. 

Oct. 14. Elizabeth Bowlsby, wife of Henry Rector, died. 

Oct. 15. Mrs. Hannah Salisbury died, aged 77. 

Oct. 16. Rev. Oswald Moore O'Connor died, aged 47 Ellen, wife 

of James Moran, died. 

Oct. 17. John M. Egleston died, aged 50, Catharine, wife of 

John Wren, died Daniel O'Neill died, aged 82. 

Oct. 18. Patrick Dugan died, aged 41. 

Oct. 19. Peter Steyer died, aged 37. 

Oct. 20. Hannah Williams died, aged 76 Edward Vosburgh died, 

aged 38 Patrick Morris died, aged 27 John H. Briggs of Co. 

C, 77th Reg., wounded at the battle of Winchester, died at Taylor's hos- 
pital, aged 21. 

Oct. 21. Elizabeth Coleman died, aged 28 Patrick Heme, of the 

3d Reg., N. Y. V., died in camp at Chapin's Farm, Va. 

Oct. 22. Solomon Baker died, aged 74. He commenced the trade of 
a printer, in 1808, in the office of the North Star, published in Danville, 
Vermont, and continued in it fifty-four years; the last two years he 
had been an invalid. He came to Albany and was a printer under Solo- 
mon Southwick; was afterwards for six years the publisher of the Sclio- 
harie Observer, but returned here, and has remained here ever since, 
engaged principally in the office of the Van Benthuysens, father and 
son. ^ He was a man of probity and intelligence, highly respected not 

only by the craft, but by all who knew him A notorious deserter 

known as FoUj/ Lynch, was shot for desertion, at Washington. He 
was a member of the 63d Reg., N. Y. S. V.,aud had once been pardoned 

for a like offence George S. Jupp died at Savannah, Georgia, aged 

22. 

Oct. 24. Elizabeth, wife of Charles S. Kmg, died, aged 28 Lieut. 

J. H. Hallenbeck died, aged 22. 

Oct. 26. Capt. John De Peyster Douw of the 121st N. Y. V., died at 
Winchester, Va. The deceased was a son of Mr. Volkert P. Douw of 
this city. He entered the service early in the summer of 1862, and, ex- 
cepting a short furlough of a few days, was never absent from his com- 
mand. ° His history is that of his regiment, and his regiment that of 
the celebrated Sixth army corps, to which it was attached, continuous bat- 
tles. He was wounded on the 19th of October at the battle of Cedar 
Creek Shenandoah Valley, suffered amputation of the right leg on the 

22d and died as above The Democratic wigwam on Hudson street 

was set on fire at 5 o'clock in the morning and burned down. The loss 
to the club was about 8500, and a reward of $200 was offered by the 
committee of the opposite party for the detection of the incendiary, to 
show their disapproval of the deed The friends of Charles Wain- 
right were invited to attend his funeral. 

"bet. 28. Joseph Packard died, aged 81, the last of several brothers 
who passed their lives in Albany. 



214 Notes fr(y)n the NewspaiDers. 1864. 

Oct. 29. Catharine Carlon died, aged 100 Jacob S. Whitbeck died 

at Newbern hospital. 

Oct. 30. Mary Jane White, wife of Peter Yan Patten, died, aged 17. 

Oct. 31. Sarah, wife of Fairman Andrews, died, aged 60 Sarah, 

widow of Levi Steele, died, aged 80 Plumy, wife of Wm. H. Sackett, 

died, aged 57. 

Nov. 2. Dr. R. H. Thompson, formerly a physician of this city, and 
for several years health officer of the port of New York, died at his resi- 
dence in Brooklyn. Dr. T. was a man of great energy of character, of 
high professional reputation and of attractive social qualities. As an al- 
derman of this city he originated and carried through several important 
improvements, and the intelligence of his death will be painful news to 
his multitude of friends in this city. — Journal. 

Nov. 3. Eliza Ann Lee, wife of P. H. Griffin, died Patrick New- 
man died, aged 33. 

Nov. 4. Bernard Denny died, aged 45 Alexander McHarg died, 

aged 71 Mrs. Mary Wilson died, aged 78. 

Nov. 5. Felix McConnell died, aged 69 Michael Shaughnessy died, 

aged 26, Christian Ziser died at Baltimore hospital, aged 17. 

Nov. 6. James H. Westfield died, aged 48 Jeremiah H. Lane 

died, aged 36 Wm. T. O'Brien died at Newbern, N. C. He was a 

member of the 23d New York Battery. 

Nov. 7. Martin Kelly died, aged 28. 

Nov. 8. E. A. Schloss died, aged 19 Election — Democratic ma- 
jority in the city 2,476 for McClellan over Lincoln, and 2,463 for Sey- 
mour over Fenton. 

Nov. 10. The County Medical Society held its annual meeting, an 
address was delivered by Dr. James McNaughton, the retiring president. 
The following officers were elected for the ensuing year : Dr. P. P. 
Staats, president ; Dr. Frank Gr. Mosher, of Coeymans, vice-president ; 
J. 11. Boulware, secretary; H. R. Haskins, treasurer; S. 0, Yanderpoel, 
Howard Townsend, J. P. Boyd, J. H. Armsby, J. V. Lansing, censors ; 
Levi Moore, J. L. Babcock, J. V. Lansing, delegates to State Medical 

Society At a meeting of the St. Andrew's Society held at the 

American Hotel, the following persons were elected officers for the 
ensuing year: James Roy, president; Thomas M. Credie, first vice- 
president; Donald McDonald, second vice-president; Rev. E. Halley, 
chaplain; Dr. L. G. Warren, physician ; James Wilson, treasurer; Peter 
Kinear, secretary; John F. Smyth, assistant secretary ; James Dickson, 
Hugh Dickson, Wm. Manson, Robert McHaffie, Geo. Young, Managers. 

Nov. 13. First snow storm ; depth 6 inches Humphrey Desmond 

died, aged 65. 

Nov. 14. Michael Keenan died, aged 78 Sarah, wife of Pasco Tur- 
ner, died, aged 67 George W. Baker died, aged 40. 

Nov. 14. Susan Ann, wife of Edmund T. Marble, died, aged 50. 

Nov. 16. John G. Brennen died, aged 48 Jacob J. Hilton died, a 

returned soldier Hugh Hammill died at Andersonville. Georgia, 

aged 20 ; a member of Co. E, 7th Heavy Artillery. 

Nov. 17. Butter sold in the State street market this day for 52(a),55c 
^ lb., turkeys, 22c "f lb., chickens, 20c ^ lb., lamb, 7@8c f lb., 
pork, 17(gl8c "f lb., beef, 9(a)10c f lb., apples, good quality, $4@g5 



1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 215 

'^ bbl., turnips, SI "^ bbl., eggs, 48c ^ doz Susan Russell, wife of 

Isaac Battin, died, aged 29 Catharine, widow of James Humphrey, 

died, aged 67 Thomas Hannigandied of a wound inflicted by a sharp- 
shooter, aged 20. 

Nov. 20. Eliza A., widow of Charles Traver, died, aged 73 John 

Ferguson died, aged 84. 

Nov. 22. Robert Storey died, aged 53 Mrs. David P. Winne died, 

aged 41. 

Nov. 23. Matthew Carroll died, aged 48. 

Nov. 24. James M. Alexander died, aged 57 Jacob Damm died, 

aged 33 Jerusha Van Linda died. 

Nov, 25. John C. Baker died, aged 85 George Kuhn died, aged 

67 Catharine, wife of John McCarthy, died, aged 43 Timothy 

Allen Gladding, a member of Co. B, 7th N. Y. Artillery, died at City 
Point, Ya., aged 47. 

Nov. 26. The market on Saturday in State street was decidedly active, 
with a fair supply: Buckwheat, "^ 100 S4.84(rt85; potatoes, 1^ bbl., 
$1.75@S2 ; spitzenberi?s, f bbl., S4.50(«;$4.75 ; onions, "^bbl., 86.0U@ 
6.25; cabbages, "^100, §8. 00(rt/,9.00 ; carrots, ^ bbl., ^1.25; turnips, 
^ bbl., $1 ; flax seed, f bu., $2.60 ; cider, ^ bbl., $1.84 ; rye, f bu., 
$1.75@$1.82 ; barley, ^ bu., $1.70(5)61.75 ; oats, ^ bu., 95c(«Jl ; beans, 
■^ bu., S2.50 ; Boston marrow squash, ^ 100, §4.50 ; beets, 'f bbl., 61.75 ; 
pumpkins, each, 10c; hemlock wood, "^ cord, $8; kindling wood, 
"^ load, $1.25; butter, ^ lb., 50c@52c ; eggs, ^ doz., 45c ; turkeys, 
$ lb., 18c@20c ; turkeys, live, f pair, $2.50 ; chickens, ^^ lb., 18c@20c ; 
ducks, "^ lb., 20c; geese, '^^ lb., 15c; beef, '^ lb., 9c(« He; mutton, 
"f lb., 8c(S^9c; lamb, fib., 10c(«.,llc; pork, '^ lb., 16c; haddock, 
"^ lb., 8c@10c; pike and white fish, f lb., 15c. 

Nov. 27. John Sweeney died, aged 48 Mary L. Johnson, wife of 

Elisha Cady, died, aged 26 Mary Quinu died, aged 71 Thomas 

Feily Jr., died, aged 23. 

Nov. 30. Intelligence of the death of William G. Leddy, an Albany 
boy, was received by his friends in this city. He died in the prison at 
Andersonville, Georgia. It is only about a year ago that he was in- 
veighled away from his house by some heartless substitute broker, who 
managed to get him enlisted, although he was then only fifteen years old. 
He was soon after taken prisoner, and entirely unfit to undergo the 
hardships of a soldier's life, even in its most pleasant phases, it was not 
long before he sunk under the terrible ordeal of the Anderson death pen. 
He was the son of the late Peter Leddy, a man who was much esteemed 

by all who knew him Rebecca, wife of Clark B. Cochrane, died 

Thomas Fisher died, aged 43. 

Dec. 1. Col. xMichael E. Stafi'ord, 86th N. Y. S. Y., died before Peters- 
burgh, aged 37. He died of wounds received while gallantly leading his 
regiment. Col. S. was well known in this city. He was a son of ex- 
Alderman Stafi'ord, of the 8th ward. At the outbreak of the rebellion 
he enlisted and served his country faithfully as a private in the 25th 
regiment. Returning from after a three months' campaign, he again 
enlisted and has been in the service ever since, participating in a great 
many battles, and, by the bravery evinced in several engagements, he 
worked his way up to the honored position he occupied at the time of his 



216 Notes from the Neiospapers. 1864. 

death. He was one of the originators of the Emmet Guards, and at one 

time a prominent member of the Fire department Ann Martin died, 

aged 75. 

Dec. 2. James Scott died, aged 64. 

Dec. 3. Mrs. Michael Dowd, accompanying her husband, a member of 
the 7th heavy artillery, to the cars, fell off the gang plank at the ferry 
and was drowned. 

Dec. 4. John Van Schaack died, aged 64. 

Dec. 5. Thomas Hansard died, aged 55 Robert Bradwell died, 

aged 35. 

Dec. 6. George S. Dawson, major 2d N. Y. V., artillery, died, aged 26. 
He was wounded in the leg in the assault on Petersburgh, and sustained 
an amputation. He remained in the hospital at Washington for a long 
time, in a most critical condition, but by the end of September was well 
enough to be brought home. About five weeks ago a large abscess was de- 
veloped, soon after followed by two more. Plis system was too much 
exhausted to sustain the drain upon it, and death put an end to his suffer- 
ings. He was in full possession of his faculties until within a few minutes 
of his death, and expressed full faith and abiding confidence in a happy 

hereafter. Peace to the gallant young soldier. — Express William 

Amsdell died, aged 73 Robert Gillan died, aged 29. 

Dec. 7. Thomas McCarty died, aged 55 Villeroy C. Ensign died, 

aged 21. 

Dec. 8. John Dooner died, aged 26. 

Dec. 9. Mary Jane, wife of James Reid, died, aged 88. 

Dec. 10. Snow fell during the early hours, and remained, giving good 
sleio-hino-. The rail road trains were nearly all behind time, and the 

steam boats got up late and with difiiculty. Winter was fairly begun 

In completing the record thus far of the names of the many who have 
gone forth from this city and laid down their lives in the cause of the 
Union, we are called upon to mention those of John Scahall and Fergus 
Madden. In April, 1861, ere the echo of the first gun — the signal of 
rebellious strife — had died away, Albany, in answer to the call of the 
government, had already a representative among the regiments marching 
to the defence of the national capital. Of those who volunteered to fill 
up the depleted ranks of the 25th regiment was John Scahall. His career 
as a soldier during that memorable period was honorable and meritorious. 
Ready to meet every requisition of the government for men, he again 
accompanied the same regiment in 1862, and returned after another three 
months' campaign in Virginia. In the summer of 1863, leaving a lucra- 
tive employment, he enlisted in the 7th artillery, stationed at Forts De 
Russey and Reno, in Maryland, where he remained until last May, when 
his regiment, in compliance with the request of its gallant colonel for a 
post of honor and activity, was ordered to the front, on the march to 
Richmond, under General Grant. He passed through all of the severe 
en"-a"-ements which distinguished that campaign down to the 16th of 
June, 1864, when he was taken prisoner. After having remained in 
.Richmond a short time, he was removed further south, and at last to 
Savannah, Georgia, where he died last August. The news of his death 
reached here but a few days ago, with that of his friend and comrade in 
confinement, Madden, who died three days before at the same place. Of 



1864. Notes from the Newspapers. 217 

Fergus Madden we need not speak in terms of praise — his deeds are his 
best eulogy. Like Scahall, where he was most intimately known he was 
best loved and respected as a generous and true hearted friend, manly 
and straightforward in all his associations, of an irreproachable character 
and unsullied name. He was a member of the 122d N. Y. V., having 
enlisted in August, 1862. Possessed with a laudable ambition of gaining 
a position in the profession of arms, while in daily expectation of receiv- 
ing a slight acknowledgment of his services in the field, he was captured 
on the 6th of May last, during the battle of the Wilderness. As a 
prisoner of war he conducted himself as he always did, when conscious of 
having done his duty — with " complacency, and truth, and manly sweet- 
ness." But a few months since these young men were in the midst of an 
extended circle of friends and relatives in the enjoyment of perfect health 
and all the comforts of a home, surrounded, as they were, by everything 
that tends to make home happy. But, true and patriotic, they fully ap- 
preciated the magnitude of the contest, and knew that strong arms and 
loyal hearts could alone avert the fearful calamities that threatened their 
country. With these were they literally endowed, and these they have 
dedicated to their country's service. Neither died as soldiers wish to die, 
on the field of battle, amid the shouts of contending armies. They pined 
within the dreary walls of a southern prison, far from friends and home, 
the victims of a disease that slowly but surely precludes death. Not even 
were they allowed to die beneath the starry folds of the old flag they had 
borne victorious through many a fight. It was, however, some mitigation 
of the horrors of death in their miserable abode that two such friends as 
they were from their boyhood up should cheer each other in their efforts 
to keep alive the spark of hope and lighten the evils of the disease under 
which they lay prostrate. Both died in the morning of life, ere the 
flowers of early manhood had yet bloomed and brightened to promise a 
future of honor and success. Albany may well feel proud of the 
patriotic and heroic band of martyrs who have yielded up their lives 
in the cause of liberty and union. — Times Maria De Witt, for- 
merly of Albany, died at Pittston, Pa., aged 61; daughter of Ephraim 
De Witt. 

Dec. 11. William Finkle died, aged 19. 

Dec. 12. Navigation was pretty much suspended Mary Carrick 

died, aged 69. 

Dec. 13. Chauncey Crapo died, aged 44 Elizabeth Ann ShotlifF 

Sellers died, aged 27 Mrs. Mary Bryan, formerly of Albany, died 

at Farmington, Conn., aged 80 Charles E. Passenger died at the 

hospital at Chattenooga, of wounds received near Home, Ga., aged 23 . 

Dec. 14. Patrick McDonald died, aged 70 Daniel Donnelly died, 

aged 50 Clinton I). Harvey died, aged 24. 

Dec. 15. Mary, wife of Patrick O'Brien, died, aged 38 Margaret 

A., widow of Moses Goodrich, died, aged 72. 

Dec. 16. Mrs. Mary Husted died, aged 78. 

Dec. 17. George R. Curtiss died at Hart's Island, in New York Har- 
bor, aged 34. 

Dec. 18. Mary E., widow of John Chapman, died, aged 37 Daniel 

Berry died, aged 47 George Stone died in Philadelphia, aged 53. 

Dec. 19. Alfred Gorham died, aged 36 Mary, wife of George Da- 

HisL Coll U. 28 



218 Notes frorti the Newspapers. 1864. 

vidson, died, aged 62 Lydia, wife of Frederick Damp, died, aged 

48 Bernard Riley died, aged 60. 

Dec. 22. We were visited by the severest storm of the season. Snow 
continued to fall until daylight yesterday morning, and, in the meantime 
high winds from the northwest prevailed, driving the snow in drifts on 
all the roads leading to the city, and in many of our streets. The weather 
too, the thermometer at noon marking only 18 degrees above zero, and 
the air growing colder as the evening approached. All the rail road 
trains were more or less behind time, and there were no teams in from 
the country. Snow fell to the depth of eight or ten inches, and taken 
all in all, it was the severest storm of the season, indeed we experienced 

nothing like it last year. — Express Richard Nolan died, aged 53 

Abram V. R. McDole died, aged 44. 

Dec. 23. The horse cars. These public conveyances on account of 
the heavy snow storm of Wednesday, were making all sorts of time 
" good, bad and indifferent." In fact the Pearl street cars were with- 
drawn from the road, in consequence of the entire track being completely 
covered up. The Watervliet rail road company substituted sleighs on 
the route. The latter did not make regular trips and the public are 
greatly inconvenienced thereby. Several Albanians, employed at West 
Troy, were obliged to hire a private conveyance to enable them to reach 
this city on Thursday night. The State street cars continued regular 
trips. Each car was drawn by four horses and they had hard tugging at 

that Thermometer 12 degrees below zero Richard J. Congdon 

died, aged 28 John Lynch died, aged 21. 

Dec. 24. A new bell was raised into the tower of the Middle Dutch 
church, weighing 3,230 lbs Celenda Lewis died, aged 68 Wil- 
liam Ilerrington died at Hartwick, Otsego Co., aged 58. 

Dec. 25. John Barry died, aged 43 Mary Ann Knox died, aged 

20 George E. Gordon was convicted of the murder of Owen 

Thompson, and sentenced to be hung by Judge Peckham. 

Dec. 26. Catharine Jackson died James Tevelin died, aged 42. 

Michael McGinn died, aged 75 Catharine Quinn,wife of Owen 

McCarthy, died, aged 35 Samuel H. Gardiner died at St. Louis. 

Dec. 27. Arthur Root died. 

Dec. 28. Elizabeth McKenna, wife of William Flemming, died, aged 
22 Daniel Kirby died, aged 44. 



[219] 



ALBANY MEDICAL COLLEGE. 



The history of this institution illustrates the force of individual eflfort 
and enterprise, when encouraged and fostered by an enlightened and libe- 
ral community. 

The Albany Medical College was founded by Drs. March and 
Armnby, with the encouragement and assistance of the citizens of A.lbany. 
Dr. Alden March removed to this city from Massachusetts, in 1820. 
He was the first person who suggested, and took an active part in 
the enterprise. In 1821 he commenced a course of dissections, and lec- 
tures on anatomy, to a class of 14 students. He occupied a small wooden 
building in Montgomery street, above Columbia, near the Bethel, for- 
merly occupied by the Albany Female Academy. Albany at that time, 
had a population of 15,000. The prejudice against the dissection of the 
human body was so strong, that Dr. March was obliged to transport all 
of his material for demonstration, across the country by land, from Bos- 
ton, This was attended with great trouble and expense, as he was some- 
times obliged to make the journey himself, with a private carriage, to ac- 
complish the object with safety. In 1825 Dr. March was appointed 
Professor of Anatomy and Physiology, in the Vermont Academy of Medi- 
cine, at Castleton, which office he held ten years, and was succeeded 
by Dr. Armsby. Dr. March's private courses were continued during 
the same time in Albany, where he resided, and was engaged in practice. 
In 1830 Dr. March delivered a public lecture on the " Propriety of estab- 
lishing a Medical College and Hospital in Albany." This lecture was 
published by the class, and excited much interest. Frequent petitions, 
numerously signed, were presented to the legislature for an act of incor- 
poration, which met with a determined opposition from persons connected 
with other medical institutions. 

In 1831 Dr. Armsby came to this city, as a student of Dr. March, and 
became his assistant in the medical school as dissector and demonstrator. 
Dr. March's reputation as a surgeon had at that time become eminent 
and attracted students from all parts of the country. In 1835 Dr. 
Armsby was associated with Dr. March in his private school, as teacher 
of Anatomy, while Dr. March confined his instructions to the depart- 
ment of Surgery, giving a very thorough and practical course on Operative 
Surgery, and Surgical Pathology. 

Dr. Armsby continued his connection with the Vermont Academy of 
Medicine until 1838, at the same time lecturing in Albany, in connection 
with Dr. March. He then relinquished his connection with Castleton, 
and devoted his whole time for three years, to aid Dr. March in the 
permanent establishment of the Albany Medical College. 

_ Dr. Armsby delivered several courses of public lectures, illustrated by 
dissections of human subjects, in this city, and in Troy, and other places, 
which were numerously attended. One course of his lectures delivered in 



220 Alhany Medical College. 

this city in 1837, is worthy of record, as having contributed to awalieo 
an interest in behalf of the College, and to have aided largely in the 
collection of funds for the establishment of the Institution. It was deliv- 
ered in Morange's Building, corner of Broadway and Maiden 
lane, and attended by about 800 persons, including many of our most 
prominent citizens. At the close of the lectures, complimentary resolu- 
tions were passed, and a letter addressed to Dr. Armsby, signed by the 
following gentlemen, who had attended the course : (ireene C. Bronson, 
Daniel D. Barnard, Gideon Hawley, Erastus Corning, Gerrit Y. Lansing, 
Friend Humphrey, James Stevenson, John I. Wendell, Israel Williams, 
John Meads, Robert Boyd, Henry Rector, Amos Dean and many 
others. 

On the 14th of April, 1888, a meeting of citizens was called at the 
Mansion House, to take steps for the organization of the college. This 
meeting was attended by Ira Harris, Robert H. Pruyu, Bradford R. 
Wood, George Dexter, James Goold, John 0. Cole, Thomas McElroy, 
Drs. March and Armsby, and the late James McKown, Conrad A. Ten 
Eyck, Samuel Stevens and John Davis. Dr. March stated the object of 
the meeting. The following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, that this meeting deem it expedient to establish a Medical 
College in this city, and to endeavor hereafter to obtain an act of incor- 
poration from the legislature. A committee was appointed to prepare 
a petition to the legislature, and to obtain the signatures of our citizens. 
It was prepared and signed by the gentlemen present. Judge Harris 
offered the following resolution : Resolved, that a stock of $5,000 be cre- 
ated, and a committee appointed to solicit subscriptions to aid in the 
establishment of the institution. Samuel Stevens and George Dexter 
were appointed a committee to prepare articles of association, and a pro- 
per instrument to be signed by those who should subscribe to the fund. 
A committee was also appointed to apply to the Common Council for the 
use of the unoccupied Lancaster School Building for the term of five 
years, for the purposes of the College. The late Teunis Van 'Vechten 
was Mayor of the city, and James McKown, Recorder. Both of these 
gentlemen were firm friends of the institution. Mr. Van Vechten was the 
first President of the Board of Trustees, and held that office until 1841, 
when he was succeeded by Jared L. Rathbone. Mr. Dexter who was for 
several years Alderman, gave much timeand efficienteffort to the enterprise, 
Professor Amos Dean, who had most to do in forming our Young Men's 
Association, and was its first president, was one of the most earnest friends 
of the College, and Robert H. Pruyn, late U. S. Minister to Japan, then 
attorney to the Common Council, was one of the most active and energetic 
colaborers for the Institution. 

The second meeting was called May, 1838, and was more numerously 
attended. A communication from the Common Council granting the free 
use of the building for five years, was received, and Mr. Stevens was 
authorized to execute the lease on the part of the College. Mr. Stevens 
and Mr. Dexter reported articles of association, and the names of the 
following gentlemen to compose the first Board of Trustees. Daniel D. 
Barnard, Samuel Stevens, John Taylor, Ira Harris, Robert H. Pruyn, 
Friend Humphrey, Bradford R. Wood, (late U. S. Minister to Denmark) 
James Goold, George Dexter, Thomas McElroy, Wm. Seymour, John 0. 



Alhamj Medical College. 223 

Cole, John I. Wendell, Conrad A. Ten Eyck, John Davis, Israel Wil- 
liams, Charles D. Gould, John Trotter, x\riiold Nelson, John Groesbeck, 
Oliver Steele, and Philip S. Van llensselaer. A buildingcommittee, aconi- 
mittee to prepare by-laws, to solicit subscriptions, and a committee 
to report the names of suitable persons to compose the faculty, were; ap- 
pointed at this meeting. At the next meeting in May 1838, Judge Har- 
ris reported the names of the following persons to compose the faculty of 
this college. Alden March, Professor of Surgery; James H. Arnisby, 
Professor of Anatomy and Physiology; Amos Dean, Professor of 31cdi- 
cal Jurisprudence; Ebenezer Emmons, Professor of Chemistry and 
Pharmacy; Henry Greene, Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women 
and children ; David M. McLachlan, Professor of Materia Medica. At a 
subsequent meeting, David M. Reese, of New York, was appointed Pro- 
fessor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine. At the next meeting, 
George Dexter was elected Treasurer of the Board of Trustees. Mr. Dex- 
ter has held this office 28 years, and attended every meeting of the Board 
of Trustees to the present time. The improvements on the College build- 
ing were immediately commenced by Mr. William Boardman, who has 
been the only master builder employed in the institution since its organ- 
ization. The first expenditures on the building amounted to over $6,000, 
and were increased during the next two years to about §10,000, all of 
which was cheerfully contributed by our citizens. The late General 
Stephen Van Rensselaer, then about seventy years of age, contributed 
0500, most of the trustees SlOO, each; but a large portion was raised in 
sums of $10, chiefly through the personal efl"orts of Dr. Arnisby. 
The names of the donors are inscribed on a tablet in the museum. The 
improvements on the building were completed in September 1838, and 
the museum thrown open to the public, in November following. Drs. 
March and Arnisby contributed all their collections of specimens to 
the museum, many of which remain to day, as fresh and perfect as when 
first displayed to the public. When the specimens had all been arranged 
for exhibition, the museum was thrown open and for several months 
crowded with curious and interested visitors. It has been kept open to 
the public ever since, without harm to the specimens, or injury to the 
building, and has done much to dispel the prejudice, which has so long 
existed against the dissection and preservation of the human body for 
purposes of medical education. This museum by constant and unremit- 
ting efi'orts of the faculty, has become the most extensive and valuable in 
this country, and is excelled by few in Europe. Dr. March during a 
surgical practice of almost half a century, more extensive and varied than 
that of any other surgeon in the country, has accumulated an immense 
collection of the most rare and valuable specimens of disease, which have 
been prepared and preserved at his own expense, for the benefit of the 
college. 

Dr. Armsby resided in the college during the first three years and 
devoted his whole time industriously to the increase and arrangement 
of the specimens. Drs. March and Armsby have made repeated visits 
to Europe, each time bringing home numerous additions to the mu- 
seum. Professor McNaughton's valuable collection made during twenty 
years of teaching in the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Western 
New York, are all deposited in this museum. A large portion of the 



224 Albany Medical College. 

museum of the college is now the private property of Professors March, 
Armsby, and McNaughton, and it is hoped that they will leave their 
collections permanently in the institution, as invaluable legacies to science 
and posterity. 

The first course of public lectures in the college commenced on the 3d 
of January, 1839, to a class of 57 students. The college had no charter, 
and no power to confer degrees, and found determined opposition from 
other colleges in the state, and from most of the piiysicians of this city. 
But the citizens of Albany sustained the enterprise, and united heartily 
with the trustees and faculty, in securing an act of incorporation from 
the legislature. The first Saturday of the term, Dr. March inaugurated 
his new and admirable plan of holding surgical cliniques in the college, 
and presented to the class a large number of cases requiring surgical 
operations and treatment. This new feature in medical education, 
introduced by Dr. March, has been universally adopted by medical insti- 
tutions throughout the country. Many thousand important cases have 
been presented and treated at these cliniques, which are still continued at 
the college, although both medical and surgical cliniques are held regu- 
larly at the City hospital. All indigent persons who present themselves 
for surgical treatment are attended free of charge. 

During the first few years of the College, Dr. Armsby and Mr. Dean 
delivered evening lectures to the public in the anatomical theatre, which 
were numerously attended, and created a lively interest in behalf of the insti- 
tution. These lectures were attended by our leading citizens, by members 
of the Legislature, and by strangers sojourning in Albany. They aided 
much in securing the charter and the subsequent appropriations from the 
legislature. After the act of incorporation was obtained, the trustees 
confirmed the election of the faculty, and, on their recommendation, ap- 
pointed the following medical gentlemen curators, to attend the annual 
examination of the candidates for the degree of Doctor of Medicine : 
Peter Wendell, Piatt Williams, Barent P. Staats, Thomas C. Brinsmade, 
of Troy, and Samuel White, of Hudson. 

The first annual commencement of the Albany Medical College was 
held on the 24th of April, 1839, and the degree of doctor of medicine 
was conferred on thirteen young gentlemen, students of the College. In 
June following, Professor Grreene resigned the office of Prof, of Obstet- 
rics, and Gunning S. Bedford, of New York city, was appointed in his 
place, and Thomas Hun, of this city, was appointed Professor of the 
Institutes of Medicine. 

In March, 184:0, Professors Reese and Bedford resigned their profes- 
sorships, and were succeeded by Professor James McNaughton, in the 
department of the Theory and Practice of Medicine, and Professor 
Emmons, transferred from the chair of Chemistry to that of Obstetrics, 
and Lewis C. Beck was appointed to the chair of Chemistry. At the same 
meeting Andrew Kirk and John I. Wendell resigned the office of trus- 
tee, and Archibald Mclntyre and Ezra P. Prentice were appointed. Mr. 
Prentice declined the office, and Isaiah Townsend was appointed. 

In February, 1841, John 0. Cole resigned, and was succeeded by 
Jared L. Rathbone; Israel Williams resigned and was succeeded by 
J. V. L. Pruyn. In 1841 Professor McLachlan resigned, and was succeeded 
Professor T. Romeyn Beck, in the department of materia medica. In 



Albany Medical College. 225 

]\Iay, 1841, the Legislature made an appropriation of $5,000 per year, for 
three years. This was secured mainly through the personal eflPorts of 
Dr. Armsby. It was expended in the purchase of a library, and in the 
increase of the chemical apparatus, and collections of the museum. In 
July, Dr. Armsby was elected by the trustees " Curator of the museum," 
which office he has held, in charge of the museum, ever since. 

In February, 1842, Peter Wendell and Samuel White having resigned 
the office of curator, Peter McNaughton and James P. Boyd were ap- 
pointed in their places. June, 1845, James Taylor was elected Trustee 
in the place of Jared L. Rathbonc, deceased, and Daniel Fry and Orlando 
Meads in place of J. V. L. Pruyn and Archibald Mclntyre, resigned. 
July, 1845, Daniel D. Barnard was elected President of the board of 
trustees, in place of Jared L. Kathbone, deceased. December, 1846, Joel 
A. Wing was appointed curator in place of Piatt Williams, resigned, 
October, 1847, Amasa J. Parker was elected trustee in place of John 
Davis, deceased. On the 12th of October, 1850, Daniel D. Barnard 
having been appointed Minister of the United States to Prussia, resic^ned 
the office of President, and Greene C. Bronsou was elected in his place 
At the same meeting Henry H. Martin and W. W. Forsyth were elected 
trustees, in place of Daniel Fry and Arnold Nelson, deceased. Jud^^e 
Bronson declined the office of President, as he was about leaving the city 
and Judge Ira Harris, now United States Senator, was appointed President 
of the Board of Trustees. Senator Harris is still President of the board 
and professor in the Law department of the University. At the same meet- 
ing John I. Rathbone and Watts Sherman were elected trustees, in place 
of Greene C. Bronson and William P. Van Ilensselaer, resigned. 

In September, 1852, Professor Emmons resigned the chair of obstetrics 
and Howard Townsend was elected in his place. Professor Townsend is 
a graduate of che College, and has enjoyed the advantao-es of European 
hospital practice and study. He has been unwearied in" his duties to the 
College._ In 1852, Isaiah Townsend resigned, and Franklin Townsend was 
elected in his place. 

In 1852, the College suffered a great loss by the death of Lewis C. 
Beck. Ezra S. Carr was appointed in his place. In November, 1853 
1. Romeyn Beck resigned the chair of professor of materia mediea, and 
Professor Townsend was appointed to this chair. June, 1854, Professor 
March and Dr. Beck were elected trustees in place of James Taylor and 
liriend Humphrey, deceased. Thomas W. Olcott was elected in place of 
Watts Sherman, resigned, and E. E. Kendrick in place of John Groesbeck. 
In December, 1854, Robert H. Pruyn was elected secretary of the board 
of trustees. June, 1855, Howard Townsend was elected professor of 
physiology, in place of Thomas Hun, resigned; and J. V. P. Quackenbush 
was elected professor of obstetrics and diseases of women and children 
Professor Quackenbush was a graduate of the College, and is a popular 
and efficient teacher, and practitioner. June, 1856, U. G. Bigelow was 
elected curator. June, 1857, Charles H. Porter was elected professor of 
chemistry, in place of Professor Carr, resigned. In 1859, Professor Dean, 
who had_ been connected with the institution since its organization, re- 
signed his professorship in the College, and was elected trustee. When 
the war commenced Professor Porter entered the United States service, 
his place was temporarily supplied by George H. Barker, who delivered two 
Hist. Coll. a. 29 



226 Alhcmy Medical College. 

very acceptable courses of lectures. In 1864, Jacob S. Mosher, a graduate 
of the College, and the present able Professor and Chemist, was 
appointed professor of chemistry, pharmacy and medical jurisprudence. 

Dr. March has been president of the faculty and professor of surgery 
since the establishment of the institution, and Dr. Armsby professor of 
anatomy and curator of the museum. Dr. Armsby was the first Registrar 
of the faculty, and held the oifice until July, 1842, when he was suc- 
ceeded by Dr. Hun. Dr. Hun held the office of registrar until 1853, and 
was succeeded by Dr. Townsend. Dr. Townsend resigned the office of 
registrar in 1856, on account of a contemplated tour to Europe, and Dr. 
Quackenbush was appointed in his place. Dr. Quackenbush resigned in 
1865, and Dr. Mosher, the present Registrar, was appointed. Thirty-four 
public courses of lectures have been delivered in the College ; twenty-nine 
of which were delivered in the fall, and five in the spring. Two hundred 
and forty-three graduates of this College and five of the present faculty, 
are known to have been in the United States service as volunteer surgeons, 
or as commissioned officers, during the late war. 

The following gentlemen compose the present faculty : Alden March, 
professor of Surgery ; James H. Armsby, professor of Anatomy ; James 
McNaughtou, professor of Medicine; Howard Townsend, professor of 
Materia Medica and Physiology; John V. P. Quackenbush, professor of 
Obstetrics; Jacob S. Mosher, professor of Chemistry. 

The Curators of the College, medical gentlemen of this city, who are 
present and take part in the annual examinations of candidates for the 
degree of doctor of medicine, the last day of the session, are : Barent P. 
Staats, M.D., James P. Royd, M D., Peter McNaughtou, M.D., U. G. 
Bigelow, M.D., J. V. Lansing, M.D. 

Dr. Staats, the senior curator, has held the office since the establishment 
of the institution, and has attended every annual examination. He has 
been in practice in this city nearly fifty years, a longer time than any other 
medical practitioner in Albany, and is still in full practice, as hale and 
active as most men of forty. Dr. Peter McNaughtou and Dr. Boyd have 
held the office of curator since 1841, and Dr. Bigelow since 1856. 

The College building has recently been painted and improved, the 
museum is one of the most extensive and valuable in the country. It has 
been much enlarged during the last year by a great variety of casts, models, 
specimens, and photographs, illustrating the results of military surgery — 
the collections of Dr. Armsby, while in charge of the late United States 
Army general hospital in this city. The library numbers about five 
thousand volumes of rare and valuable medical books. The working la- 
boratory is well supplied with apparatus for the use of students, many of 
of whom avail themselves of opportunities to pursue practical chemistry, 
by a regular course of experiments and manipulations. Chemistry is here 
taught as practical anatomy is, in the dissecting room. The student takes 
a laboratory ticket and devotes a portion of his time to the preparation of 
medical compounds, and to testing the purity of medicines ; to the analy- 
sis of blood, urine, and the detection of poisons, and to all the numerous 
applications of chemistry to medicine and jurisprudence. 

Five of the professors of the college are connected with the Albany 
city hospital, a noble charity, Avhich may be considered the ofi"spring of 
the college. Fifty genei'ous citizens of Albany have given each $1000, 



Albany Medical College. 229 

to this institutiou. Fifty others have given each S500, and fifty hidies of 
Albany, have given each $100. The students have admissions free of 
charge, to the cliniques, lectures, and practice of the hospital, which is 
situated in close proximity to the college. 

Professor March gives surgical cliniques in the college regularly du- 
ring the term, and performs a large number of surgical operations. 
Professor Townsend delivers a very thorough course of lectures on clinical 
medicine, in the hospital, which are much esteemed by the students. 

The Soldiers' Home, recently established in this city, through the ef- 
forts of Dr. Armsby, and Surgeon General Pomfret, affords a fine school 
in which to study the results of military surgery. 

Most of the fliculty of the college have made repeated visits to Europe 
and enjoyed the opportunities afforded in European schools and hos- 
pitals. 

Three of the Faculty, Professors Townsend, Quackenbush, and Mosher, 
are graduates of the college. A large majority of the Physicians of 
Albany are graduates of this institution. 

Two other noble and flourishing institutions of Albany, the Law 
School, and the Observatory, owe their existence to the enterprise and 
personal effort of those who founded this college. Professor Amos Dean, 
for 20 years professor of medical jurisprudence, in this college, has 
been the principal manager of the Law School, supported ably by his 
eminent colleagues, U. S. Senator L-a Harris, and Judge Amasa J. Par- 
ker, all three of whom are trustees of this college. The college 
has become one of the oldest, and most honored institutions in our city. 
It is only surpassed in age by our Female Academy, and our Boy's 
Academy, both of which have celebrated their Semi-Ceutennial anniver- 



MEETINa OF THE SCIENTIFIC ASSOCIATION. 

On the 20th of August, 1856, the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science met in this city. Great preparation was made for 
the occasion by the learned and enterprising portion of the community, 
and it was confessedly the most important meeting the Association had 
held since its organization, in all respects. The eclat of the event was in 
a great measure due to Dr. James H. Armsby, whose exertions were 
untiring for many months, to bring together distinguished strangers and 
to provide for their suitable entertainment when they should arrive. An 
immense canvas was erected in the Academy park, under which the 
ceremonies of the formal dedication of the Dudley Observatory were held, 
attended by the largest concourse of people ever seen in Albany. 



[ 280 ] 



UNIVERSITY OF ALBANY. 



DEPARTMENT OP LAW. 

This institution, like the Medical College, owes its existence and pros- 
perity to individual effort and perseverance. A few friends of education 
in this city, conceived the idea of establishing a University, to embrace 
the Medical College as the Department of Medicine, a Department of 
Law, and several other departments of special science. An act of incor- 
poration was granted by the legislature in the spring of 1851. The act 
conferred only the power of organizing and conferring degrees, but 
provided no endowments. The persons who were most influential in 
obtaining the charter and in organizing the institution were Professor 
Dean, Dr. Armsby, Thomas W. Olcott and Robert H. Pruyn. 

The Trustees met on the 21st of April 1851, and organized the Law 
Department, Thomas W. Olcott, Esq., was elected President of the Board 
of Trustees, and Orlando Meads, Secretary. Hon. Greene C. Bronson was 
elected President of the Faculty, and Ira Harris, LL.D., Amasa J. Par- 
ker, LL.D., and Amos Dean, LL.D., Professors; Judge Bronson removed 
to New York, and was succeeded by Hon. lleuben H. Walworth. The 
same offices have been filled by these gentlemen since the organization 
of the institution. The Law Faculty immediately prepared to commence 
their first course of Lectures, the following winter. They assigned to 
themselves the legal topics upon which instruction was to be given, and 
issued a circular for the first term, to commence on the third Tuesday of 
December, 1851. 

The Trustees at the same time took steps to raise a fund for the estab- 
lishment of an Astronomical Observatory, and to provide for the delivery 
of lectures on Geology and Mineralogy; Chemistry, and its application 
to scientificand practical agriculture, and on insects injurious to vegetation. 
Courses of lectures on these branches were delivered the following winter 
by Professor John P. Norton, Professor James Hall, the present eminent Cu- 
rator of our State Museum, and by Dr. Goadby, to classes of about sixty stu- 
dents. The expenses of these courses of lectures were paid by the trustees 
from a fund raised by Dr. Armsby for this purpose from our citizens. 
State aid and patronage was invoked for these much needed departments of 
science without success. The sudden death of Professor Nort(m, whose 
life was sacrificed in the cause of science, and the occupations of the 
other gentlemen, led to a discontinuance of these lectures. Professor 
Norton had been educated abroad, under Liebig and the most distin- 
guished masters of science of the old world. Like all American students, 
heretofore, he was obliged to seek, in Europe, for advantages notfurnisjicd 
in our own country. He returned a ripe scholar, with a fame already 
established by his numerous contributions to the agricultural journals oi' 
the day. He was made professor in Yale College, and entered upon his 
duties with brilliant success. But when the idea of a University in this, 
his native city, was suggested to him, he engaged in the cntcrin-ise with 
all the ardor and enthusiasm wliicii cliaractcrized his scientific labors. 



University of Albany. 231 

He performed the duties of his two professorships, lecturing six days each 
week, alternately in Albany and New Haven. These efforts were too 
much for his strength. He died soon after the close of the first winter 
session, an irreparable loss to the Institution, and to Science. 

Had his life been spared, the trustees would doubtless have realized 
long since, their plans in regard to the agricultural department of the 
University. And now, after the lapse of fifteen years, a citizen of our 
own state, with a heart full of every generous and noble impulse, is about 
founding, with more than princely munificence, a temple of learning at 
Ithaca, that will supply the great want of our country, and do honoi- to 
any age or people, t 

The Law School commenced its career by the almost unaided efforts 
of its faculty. They had no endowment, and the trustees had uo building 
to give them. There was great difficulty in finding a place in Albany in 
which to deliver their lectures. Their first lecture room was in the third 
story of the Exchange, formerly occupied by the Young Men's Association, 
and the first class numbered only twenty-three students. The rent, often 
heavy, and all the incidental expenses, have always been borne by the 
faculty, and until within the last few years they have been obliged 
to make great personal and pecuniary sacrifices. During the first five 
years the average attendance did not exceed forty-five students, and the 
income was barely enough to cover expenses. The room in the Exchange was 
required for other purposes, and they were obliged to move to Cooper 
Hall, in the third story of a building on the corner of Green and State 
streets. In 1854 it seemed as if the institution must be given up for the 
want of a lecture room, although the classes were increasing in number 
each year. Mr. Dean was appointed Chancellor of a University at the 
west, which promised a wider field for usefulness and more remunerative re- 
turn for his labors. Judges Harris and Parker were fully occupied with 
professional duties. The Law School had no local habitation. Mr. Dean left 
Albany, and organized the University of Iowa, but still clung with some 
hope to the city of his adoption. Under these circumstances the suspen- 
sion of the law school seemed inevitable. But the faculty of the Medical 
College offered the land on the south of their building for a lecture hall, 
and through the efforts of Dr. Armsby nearly sufficient money was raised 
to erect a hall, that would seat one hundred students. This was deemed 
ample for the future. But in 1860 it became necessary to enlarge the 
building, and to provide accommodations for a library. This, together 
with the librai-y and a part of the original building and furnitui^, has 
been done entirely at the expense of the faculty. Since the erection of 
this hall the classes have increased rapidly. The first two years of the war, 
by the great number of patriotic young men who entered the service, 
the size of the class very much diminished. But during the past three 
years the classes have been larger than ever before, and seem to be con- 
stantly increasing. The present accommodations are now quite insufficient, 
and the faculty are looking for a site on which, with the aid of our citizens, 
they hope to be able to erect a new and more spacious edifice. The present 
class of students numbers 140, who represent almost every part of the 
Union. One class has represented among its members twenty states of 
the Union and twenty-eight colleges. 

' Senator Cornell, of Ithaca. 



232 Medical Society of the County of Albany. 

The faculty, in the erection of a new hall, will be called upon to make 
another pecuniary contribution to the institution, which, after the long 
years of patient labor and sacrifice, they can hardly afford. But they are 
determined that no effort or sacrifice on their part shall be wanting to 
render the institution worthy of our city and the state. Most of the stu- 
dents in attendance reside in our city during the greater part of the year, 
and add to its material prosperity. 

No change has been made in the faculty since the organization of the 
institution. It commenced witli one term of four months each year, two 
such terms being required to constitute a full course, and entitle the 
graduation. After three years' experience it was changed to two terms 
a year, of twelve weeks each, and three terms were required for gradua- 
tion. Another term has since been added, and a full course of three 
terms, of three months each, is included in a year. 

By a law of the state the graduates are entitled to practice as attorneys 
and counsellors, in all the courts of this state. 

The winter term commences in November, the spring term in March, 
and the fall term in September. Each term is an independent course, 
and complete as to the instruction embraced in it. 

The students have the advantage of the immense law library of the 
state, and of all the terms of the supreme court and court of appeals. 

Senator Harris lectures on Practice, Pleading and Evidence ; Judge 
Parker on Pieal Estate, Criminal Law and Personal Right ; Professor 
Dean on Personal Property, Contract and Commercial Law. Prof. Dean 
conducts the moot courts, which are held twice regularly, during each 
week. 



MEDICAL SOCIETY OF THE COUNTY OF ALBANY. 

At a meeting of several physicians of the city of Albany on the first 
Tuesday in July, 1806, agreeably to an act entitled " An act to incorpo- 
rate Medical Societies for the purpose of regulating the practice of 
physic and surgery in this state, passed 18th March, 1806," and a suf- 
ficient number to form a quorum not appearing, they agreed to meet again 
for the above purpose on Tuesday, 29fh July following ; and the physicians 
and surgeons of the county were notified accordingly. 

Agreeably to the time appointed by adjournment, a meeting of the 
physicians and surgeons of the city and county of Albany, was held at the 
City Hall in the city of Albany, on Tuesday, 29th July, 1806, for the 
purpose of forming themselves into a Medical Society, conformably to an 
"act of the legislature of this state passed the 18th March, 1806, to 
incorporate Medical -Societies for regulating the practice of physic and 
surgery within this state." 

The following gentlemen convened, and proceeded to form themselves 
into a society : Wilhelmus IMancius, Albany ; Hunloke Woodruff, Albany ; 
William McClelland, Albany ; John G. Knauff', Albany; Caleb Gauff, 
Bethlehem; Augustus Harris, Bethlehem ; Joseph W. liegeman, Sche- 
nectady ; Cornelius Vrooman Jr., Schenectady; Alexander G. Fonda, 
Schenectady ; Charles D. Townsend, Albany. 



AThany County Medical Society. 233 

Willielnuis Mancius was elected to the chair, and Charles D. Town- 
send secretary. The members then proceeded by ballot to the choice of 
officers. Hunloke WoodruflF was unanimously elected president ; William 
McClelland, vice president; Charles D. Townsend, secretary; John G-. 
Knauff, treasurer. 

Resolved, That the board of censors shall consist of five members, 
chosen from among the physicians and surgeons of the city and county of 
Albany. And the following were elected by ballot to that office : Wil- 
liam McClelland, Albany; William Anderson, Schenectady; Charles D. 
Townscnd, Albany; Joseph W. Hegeman, Schenectady; Ellas Willard, 
Watervliet. 

The Society is still in existence, and the late Dr. Sylvester D. Willard 
published a volume of its transactions, down to the year 1851, in which 
he says : 

The Medical Society of the County of Albany has existed for more 
than half a century. Its beginning was small, and its growth has been 
necessarily slow. Its meetings have been he.d with a great degree of 
regularity, and brief records of them have been preserved. The increased 
interest that attaches to these records after so long a period and the 
importance of placing them in form for more permanent preservation, 
has induced their publication. It is to be regretted that the limits of 
the volume could only embrace the records to the year 1851, as since 
that date the society has gained new vitality, and its members are the 
active professional men of the present day. But the sphere of this volume 
is with the past, rather than with the present. It is a painful thought that 
after long lives, and useful in the walks of a noble profession, the mem- 
ory of us so soon ceases, and we are known not even by name to those 
who fill our places. It is with a view of preserving a full history of the 
Medical Society, and of placing beyond the reach of immediate forget- 
fulness, some notice of those who have been its members, that biographi- 
cal sketches of them have been written. Among the number are several 
whose names are well known all over the country, and wherever medical 
science has extended. 

The volume contains not only the complete transactions of the society 
from 1806 to 1851, but also carefully written biographical sketches of 
such members as had deceased at the time when the work was published. 
The author contemplated an additional volume, but was himself suddenly 
called upon to pay the debt of nature very soon after the issue of his 
valuable contribution to medical history, in which he sought to preserve 
the memory of the fraternity. 



Hist Coll. a. 30 



[234 ] 



JOHN N. CAMPBELL, DD. 

John N Campbell was born in Pliiladelpliia, of very respectable 
parentage, on the 4th of March, 1798. His maternal grandfather was 
Robert Aitken, well known as the publisher of the first English edition 
of the Bible in this country. After being for several years a pupil of 
that celebrated teacher James Ross, he entered the University of Penn- 
sylvania ; but from the fact that his name does not appear on the catalogue 
of graduates, it is presumed that he did not complete his collegiate course. 
He pursued his theological studies for some time under the direction of 
Dr. Ezra Stiles Ely, of Philadelphia, but subsequently went to A^irginia, 
where he prosecuted his studies still further, and became temporarily 
connected as teacher of languages with Hampden Sydney college. He 
was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Hanover, on the 10th of 
May, 1817 ; and his first efforts in the pulpit were in the heart of the 
Old Dominion. In tbe autumn of 1820 he was chosen chaplain to con- 
gress, and discharged the duties of that difficult place to great accept- 
ance. He subsequently returned to Virginia, and exercised his minis- 
try, temporarily, in several different places, until 1828, when he became 
the' assistant of the venerable Dr. Balch, of Georgetown. _ In 1824 or 
1825, he took charge of the New York Avenue church, in Washington 
citv, where his great popularity very soon crowded their place of worship. 
In"^ January, 1825, he was elected one of the managers of the American 
Colonization society, and held the office, discharging its duties with great 
vigor and fidelity, for about six years. It was during his pastorate in 
Washino-ton, that the late Chief Justice Ambrose Spencer, then a mem- 
ber of congress, recommended him to the First Presbyterian congrega- 
tion in Albany, at that time vacant, as a suitable person to become their 
pastor ; and the result was that, shortly after, he received a call, and on 
the llth of September, 1831, was regularly installed in the pastoral re- 
lation. In 1835 he was honored with the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
from the college of New Jersey. 

Durino- the whole period of Dr. Campbell's ministry in Albany, he was 
uniformly at his post, except during a few weeks in the summer, which he 
usually spent in relaxation at Lake George. He was, for many years, one 
of the Regents of the University of the State of New York — an office 
which involved a vast amount of labor in addition to his professional en- 
o-aoements ; but by great and systematic industry, he wss enabled to meet 
the varied demands which were made upon him, though he could never 
be said to enjoy vigorous health. He died, after an illness of about five 
days, on Sunday morning, the 29th of March, 1864, a few days more 
than sixty-six years of age. 

Dr. Campbell was in many respects a man of mark. With a bright eye, 
and keen and earnest expression of countenance, he united a graceful and 
agile frame, and highly cultivated and agreeable manners. He had a 




Engraved hj WLO>mshy 



Za^SuddMi)^ 



inELM lEMWV JKDMIT ITo (D^MIIPIBIEILdlL 



Dudley B. P. Dutch Church. 235 

large store of general information, insomuch that scarcely any subject 
could be introduced upon which he was not able to express an intelli- 
gent opinion. He had a fine flow of spirits, and great command of lan- 
guage, and was very likely to be the life as well as the light of any company 
into'^which he was thrown. His discourses in the pulpit were short, pithy 
and pointed, and their effect was not a little heightened by an impressive, 
graceful, and sometimes startling elocution. He had great executive 
ability, and had a measure of perseverance that never faltered before any 
obstacle not absolutely insuperable. His death was regarded as a public 
calamity. 



DUDLEY REFORMED PROTESTANT CHURCH. 

This was an off-shoot of the Third Kef Prot. Dutch Church, worship- 
ping on the corner of Green and Ferry streets. In 1860, a number of 
the^congregation went out under the Kev. Mr. Dickson, and founded a 
new church under the above title. Mrs. Blandina Dudley made a sub- 
scription of $15,000 towards the erection of a church edifice, for which 
o-round was broken on Monday, Sept. 17, I860, in Lancaster, south side, 
above Hawk. The building is one hundred and ten feet deep by sixty- 
five wide and is of brick, with two towers of an hundred and fifty feet. 
The estimated cost is $30,000. The corner stone was laid on the 29th 
Oct., 1860. Tiie following articles were deposited : " Bible, Constitution 
of the R. P. Dutch Church, Rev. Dr. Rogers' Historical Discourse, Acts 
of General Synod 1860, Minutes of Particular Synod of Albany 1860, 
Christian Intelligencer Oct. 25, 1860, Barnard's Discourse on Gen. Ste- 
phen Van Rensselaer, Albany Directory 1859, N. Y. Legislative Manual 
1859, Albany Evening Journal, Albany Evening Standard, Albany Eve- 
ning Statesman, Albany Argus, Albany Times, Albany Express, x\lbany 
Knfckerbocker, an account of the Church from its organization to the 
present time, a few coins." The box in which these were deposited was 
made and presented by C. Whitney, Esq. An address was delivered by 
Dr. Rogers, followed by the singing of two stanzas of the 118th Psalm, 
and ending by prayer by Rev. Mr. Larimore and the benediction by 
Dr. Wyckoff. The enterprise did not succeed ; the Rev. Mr. Dickson 
resi'-ned in Sept., 1861, and the edifice was sold to St. Paul's Society. 



[ 236 ] 



THE CITY RECOKDS. 



1784. 

At a Common Council held the SO^h day of January, 1784, at the City 

Hall of the City of Albany — Present John G. Beekman, Esq^, Mayor, 

Peter W. Yates, Thomas Hun, Peter W. Bouw, Abraham Schuyler, 

Esq>S Aid"", Richard Lush, Jacob G. Lansing, Matthew Visscher, 

Assistants. 

Resolved that unless the late Chamberlain within three days from this 
date deliver all the Books and papers in his Possession to the present 
Chamberlain he be Prosecuted. 

Resolved that Peter W. Yates Esqr, be directed Immediately to write 
Letters, as Attorney, to the Tenants of this Board at Schaghtekook, and 
who are lately Prosecuted, acquainting them that unless they Pay this 
Winter, the wheat stipulated in the Agreement for the stay of the suits, 
that they must depend on being prosecuted. 

Resolved that Peter W. Yates Esq^, be Directed to pay the Money 
he has Received from John Knickerbacker Jun, for this lioard, to Pe- 
ter Van Ness Esq'', on the Bond he has against this Board. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts, (to wit) : The Executors of Wessel van Schaick £3: 
0:0^ ; Gerrit van Vranken £1:18:0; Thomas Hunn £2:0:0. 

Resolved that the Treasurer be directed to Call upon M^. Isaac D. 
Fonda for the payment of the iNIoney due from him to this Board for the 
Docks last year. 

Resolved that Matthew Visscher Esq"", be and he is hereby impowered 
to Receive from any person or Persons who are indebted to this Board 
such a Sum of Money as may be sufficient to pay off the demand M^ 
James Collwell has against this Board. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain for the fol- 
lowing Quantities of Wheat — one in favour of Thomas Seeger for two 
Baggs; John J. Redlif D'^ two Baggs ; John Ostrander two Baggs; 
Jonathan Brooks two Baggs. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay Richard Lush Twenty Six Pounds 
out of the Money he is to Receive from Isaac D. Fonda, it being for so 
much money by him paid Henry Schaef for Dock Timber. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, on 

the 6t'' February, 1784 — Present M--. Mayor, Mr. Recorder, Peter W. 

Yates, Thomas Hun, Peter W. Douw, Esq^*, Aldermen, Richard Lush, 

Matthew Visscher, Jacob G. Lansing, Assistants. 

Resolved that the several Docks and Wharfes belonging to the City, be 
sold at Public Vendue, on Saturday the 28 day of February instant, at 
Ten o'clock in the forenoon at the City Hall of the City of Albany. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay 



Jolin J. Beehnan, Mayor. 237 

John Ostrander five Pounds ten shillings in Wheat, at five Shillings f 

"" th'e 2S^7Ln:^j"mt "' ''' ""^'^ '''" '' *'' ""''' '' ^'""'^^ -^ 
This day pursuant to advertisement the Income and Profits arisin- 
from the several Docks and Wharfes belonging to this Board in the ensu''- 
ing year were sold at Public Auction to Volkert A. Douw, for the sum 
ot beventytwoPounus tobe paid in two payments (to wit) : the one 
half on the first day ot August next, and the Remainder half on the first 
day of January next, and that Security be given for the payments. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, the 
24 March 1 84-Present M'-. Mayor, M''. Recorder, Peter W. Yates 
^? Eso' AH "^' "^'t- f- i'?"-/^ " ^'^"^^^^^^•' ^b-bam ScSuy: 

Bu^h^:t:^;^Si::!f "^ ^'^ ^'''^ '^*^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ -^ «-- 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain in favour 
of Thomas Seeger for six skipples of Wheat, and that the same be 
l^liarged to his account. 

Resolved that M^. Peter Sharp be and he is hereby directed to Re- 
move the House, Fences and Materials on the Lott lately purchased from 

NZCy" lri\ f'"^'^ '^'^ '^^^'^''^ next,and%hatin case of 
Neglect or Refusal, he be not permitted to Remove the same 

M' Lotteridgo the Perry Man was this day informed that in Case he 
sdiould exact any higher Rate for Ferryage than is established by the 
dinance or should be guilty of any Infraction of the Ordinancef the 
said Board would imed lately dispose of the Ferry to others 

A petition of S'.Legger Cowley praying for the use of an Acre of 
Land adjoyning tbe Barracks, was read and filed. 

fl^ff !? w'^S^V P™y«^t'^ereof be granted and that the Members of 
he Second Ward lay out the said Acre of Land in such manner as may 
DC least incommodious. ■^ 

^27.?day"o7 "ml ''' ''' ""'''' ''''' '' '''' "^''^ '' ^'"^'^'^^ '"^^ 

Resolved that a Committee of Seven be appointed to prepare an Ordi- 

Ci;vLd'th>^"'''"^^" ''V' t^'''^' "^^'^ -^^ Merc'haiidizes in tl^L 
m tie i '^T'f'- °^ '-^"y Trade or Occupation therein. The Com- 

McClalW 1 V l^' P":;PT .'^■^' ^^'- ^^'''^'^''^ Aldermen Schuyler, 
McClallen and lates and Assistants Lush, Visscher and Gansevoort 

Resolved that said Committee Report by Monday next 
Saughteiing Bussiness at any place in this City, except in the old 
fo Kill n ^m" Tr"f ^l""^' ^''''' '-'"^ ^^' ^^y ^"t^l^^r shall presume 
mvlL 'll U^' .''f ^^'•' ^' •'^'^"^ ^'' every such offence forfeit and 
pay 1^01 ty Shillings, to be Levied by Warrant, agreeable to the Charter 



238 2he City .Records, 1784. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, the 

3 day of May, 1784— Present M'. Mayor, Peter W. Yates, Thomas 

Hun, Peter W. Douw, Ph: v. Kensseler, Abraham Schuyler, Robert 

McClallen, Esq'"'^, Aldermen, Jacob Gr. Lansing, Matthew Visscher, 

Le. Gansevoort Jun'', Richard Lush, Assistants. 

Resolved that a Bond be executed by M''. Mayor and the Public Seal 
affixed thereto, to James Bloodgood for the sum of seventy four pounds 
with Interest from the first day of August last, it being in part payment 
of the Debt due from this Board to Hugh Denniston. 

Resolved that the Lotts south of John W. Wendell Lot, to the street 
at Thomas Lansings, be sold at public vendue on Monday next at Two 
o'clock in the afternoon, at the City Hall of the City of Albany, and 
that the Clerk imediately put up Advertisements in this City, and publish 
the same in next Saturdays paper, and that the same be Cash only. 

Resolved that the money ariseing from the sale of the above Lotts be 
appropriated to the payment of the Timber purchased for the Docks and 
the makeing & Repairing s'' Docks. 

Resolved all the Monies due to this Board be paid to the Chamberlain 
and be by him applied to such uses as the Board shall from time to time 
Direct. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain do, on or before the fifteenth Instant, 
Render an account of all the Rents and Monies due to this Board. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw the deed for the Lott formerly sold to 
John William Dec' to Cornelia William the Widow, and that the same 
be laid before this Board at their next meeting. 

City Hall, Albany, 10"' Ma^?, 1784. 
This day pursuant to Notice Two of the Lotts Advertised for sale, to 
wit, the two adjoyning John W. Wendell, were sold to Leonard Ganse- 
voort Esq'', the one adjoyning to Wendells containing Thirty eight feet 
Front & Rear and one hundred feet in Depth, for one Hundred and 
Twenty Pounds, and the other containing Thirty three feet in Breadth 
front & Rear and one Hundred feet in Debth, for ninety one Pounds. 
Ordered that the Clerk draw Deeds for the same. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, the 
15t' May, 1784— Present M>-. Mayor, Peter W. Yates, Robert Mc- 
Clallen, Peter W. Douw, Phi. v. Rensseler, Abraham Schuyler, Tho- 
mas Hun, Esq''% Aldermen, Matthew Visscher, Richard Lush. Assis- 
tants. 

Resolved that the Aldermen and Assistants of the second ward super- 
intend the Repairs necessary to be made to the Middle Dock. 

Resolved that the Aldermen and Assistants of the Third ward Super- 
intend the Repairs necessary to be made to the North Dock. 

Resolved that Volkert A. Douw be appointed under the Direction of 
the said Aldermen and Assistants to superintend the Repairs necessary to 
be made to the several Docks in this City, that he keep a Check ]3ook 
and particularly see that the workmen perform their work faithfully, and 
that for every Days attendance during the Repairs he be allowed four 
shillings "^ diem. 

Resolved that the Committee appointed to Tiiquidat-c and Settle the 
accounts of this Board be and are hereby impowcred to draw on the 



John J. Beehman, Mayor. 239 

Chamberlain for any Quantity of Wheat, not exceeding five hundred 
skiple, to discharge the small, and in proportion to the whole, the Lar^-^e 
accounts, and that the said wheat be issued at the Market Price. "^ 

Kesolved that the Members of the first ward be a Committee to cause 
the two Lotts lately sold to Leonard Gansevoort Esqi-, to be Surveyed 
and that the Clerk fill up the Boundries in the Deed accordingly. 

City Hall, Albany, IS''^ May, 1784. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain deliver out the wheat in payment of the 
Debts at six shillings f skiple and that he also sell the same at the same 
price or rate. 

Resolved that the stone of the Fort be appropriated to such public 
Bridges and repairs as may be necessary in this City, and that Aldermen 
Hun, lates & Rensselaer be a Committee to inspect the Fort and walls 
and Report from what part of the Fort the stone ought to be taken. 

City Hall, Albany, the 21^i May, 1784. 

Resolved that all Persons who are indebted to this Board be Prosecut- 
ed unless they pay or settle their Respective Ballances on or before the 
first day of June next. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain Imediately Call upon all Persons in- 
debted to this Board for payment, and that he be impowered to take 
Bonds and notes for the Respective Ballances, payable in six months 
alter date. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay Matthew Visscher Escr the 
amount of James Caldwells account. ' 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay the following accounts (to wit) : 
Henry, McClallen & Heury £56:8:7; Robert McClallen Esq-- £3:19. 

City Hall, Albany, 24"> May, 1784. 

The Clerk laid before the Board the Deed to Leonard Gansevoort Esqr 
for the Lotts lately sold him, and on examination, ordered that the Mayor 
sign the same and that the City Seal be thereto afixed, which was done 
accordingly. 

Resolved unanimously that Possession be taken imediately of the store 
commonly Called the New Store, and that for that Purpose a Lease be 
dnxwn to John David, for the Consideration of five shillings, to hold for 
the Term of one month from the Date. 

City Hall, Albany, IS'i' June, 1784. 

Resolved that a Committee of Six be appointed to Superintend the 
making of the Stone Bridges, to agree with the workmen and to direct 
where the Stone is to be taken from. The Committee Chosen for the 
purpose are Aldermen Yates, Schuyler, Douw & McClallen and assist- 
ants Jacob G-. Lansing & Richard Lush. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay to Alderman Schuyler Thirty two 
pounds sixteen shillings, being for the like sum by him Borrowed of 
Alderman Yates to pay for Dock Timber. 

Resolved also that the Chamberlain pay to the said Abraham Schuyler 
Esq-- the sum of Eleven pounds Eighteen shillings, being for the like 
sum by him advanced for two Bulls. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay the following accounts (to wit) : 



240 Ihe City Recorch, 1784. 

rhilip Elswortli £1:11:6; John Hall £2:12:0; Thomas Nclsou £1:4:0; 
Duncan Farguson £13:6:0; Jacob Bleeker Juu^ £8:16:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 9'h July, 1784. 

The Board being informed that sundry Persons in Possession of Lands 
adjoyning the Low Lands Belonging to this Board at Fort Hunter, intend 
to Locate the same as appropriated Property, and as the said Lands have 
previously been Located by M''. Recorder for the use of this Board : 
Therefore 

Resolved that a Committee of three be appointed to wait on General 
Schuyler and desire him not to receive any Locations on said Lands. 

City Hall, Albany, 15ii> July, 1784. 
Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay 
Glen & Bleeker the amount of their account, £11:13:82. 

City Hall, Albany, 2'"! August, 1784. 
Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts (to wit) : To Robert Lewis £45:14:0 ; Hugh Dennis- 
ton £3:6:6. 

Resolved that the Members of the second ward, or any two of them, 
be and are hereby empowered to Contract and finally agree with Sarah 
Visscher and the other Persons intrested with her for the purchase of a 
Lott of Ground which they claim, lying near Foxes Creek and adjoyning 
the street, and that they Report with all Convenient Speed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay Abel 
Mudfje and Simeon Dudley each three pounds on account, and also to 
Jonathan Brooks six pounds on account. 

Resolved that Alderman Yates be directed to obtain, for the use of this 
Board, the sum of six hundred Pounds, and that this Board will Give 
such security for the payment of the same as may be Requisite. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay each 
of the Masons Three Pounds, and each of the Attendants Forty shillings 
on Account. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of John Ostrauder, for two Baggs of Wheat. 

Resolved that the late Chamberlain do within one fortnight state his 
accounts with this Board, or that he be prosecuted. 

Resolved that the present Chamberlain do also within one fortnight 
state his accounts with this Board, and Commence Prosecutions for the 
Ballances due. 

City Hall, Albany, 3^^i August, 1784. 
The Committee appointed yesterday to agree with the Widow Sarah 
Visscher for the Lott nevx Foxes Creek, Reported that in Conferring 
with her they have agreed to Give her in exchange therefor the Lott of 
John N. Bleeker, and to Remove the stable on her Lott to the adjoyning 
Lott, and that John N. Bleeker will accept in payment for his Lott a 
Lott adjoyning the Lott of John Ostrander. 

Resolved that the Board approve the same and that Deeds be executed 
accordingly. 

The Committee also Report, that they had Conferred with Cornells 
van Schelluyne on the subject of Exchanging his ground near the Foxes 



John J. Beehnan, Mayor. 241 

Creek for the street back of Coll'^. Lansings Lott ; that upon such Con- 
ferrence they had agreed in the following manner : That the Board shall 
Convey to the said Cornelis van Scheluyne the street back of Coll". Lan- 
sings Lott and execute a Bond for the payment of £50 Pound ; That the 
said Cornelis van Scheluyne shall thereupon Convey to this Board all his 
ground which may be Contained in the Wedth of Pearl street, from 
Coll". Lansings House to the House in the Possession of M'. Gilliland, 
and at his own expence Remove with all Convenient speed all the Build- 
ings that may be thereon. 

City Hall, Albany, 9'i' August, 1784. 

Eesolved that no Repairs at any time be done or made in this City, the 
expense whereof will amount to more than Forty Shillings, without the 
Direction of this Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 23 August, 1784. 

The Commissioners of this State being about to hold a Treaty with the 
six Nations of Indians in a few days, and as it is probable the Intrest 
this Board have in Lands in Montgomery County may come in Question : 

Therefore Resolved, that the Clerk take with him all such Deeds and 
papers as are in the Possesion of this Board or any of its Officers, as in 
any manner Respect the Lands of this Board in Montgomery County, to 
be made use of and laid before the Commissioners, in Case the same 
should be Necessary. 

Resolved that the Aldermen of the first ward be empowered to cause 
the Wells, Pumps & Cisterns in the same to be sufficiently Repaired, any 
Resolution of this Board respecting Expence to the Contrary notwith- 
standing, and that they be empowered to take Stone for the purpose from 
the Fort. 

City Hall, Albany, 'i2n<i Sep^, 1784. 

Resolved that all the Timber belonging to this Board be appropriated 
to the finishing the upper Dock and that the same be compleated without 
delay. 

City Hall, Albany, 23 Sep--., 1784. 

The Mayor laid before the Board a Letter he had Received from Tim- 
othy Pickering Esq'", late Quarter Master General, dated the S^'' July, 
1784, at New York, which is on file. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts (to wit) : To David Smith & William Orson £2:0:0; 
Henry van Wie & Gerrit Bratt £0:18:0; Richard Lush £0:11:0. 

Whereas it has been represented to this Board that James Bloodgood, 
in Building a Store House in the third ward, has encroached on the 
East and south on the Public Street : 

Resolved that he be requested to remove such encroachments and 
Build in a proper Range with the Street, and that the City Surveyor 
Survey and Range the same accordingly, or that this Board will proceed 
in the premises according to Law. 

City Hall, Albany, 28ti> Sep'., 1784. _ 
Resolved that at the ensuing Election, on the 29''' Instant, an addi- 
tional Constable be Chosen in each of the Wards of this City. 

Resolved that the upper Dock, the small Dock at Truaxes, and the 
several Ice Breakers at the several Docks be finished without delay, and 

Hist. Coll. a. 31 



242 The City Records, 1784. 

that no other stone Bridges be made during this Year, but that such 
Bridges as are yet out of Repair, be repaired in such a manner as to 
make them passable for the present. 

Resolved that the two Letts of Ground lying to the south of the Letts 
lately sold to L. Gansevoort Esq', be sold at Private sale, and that the 
Clerk notify the sale in the Public paper of this City. 

Resolved that the Farm now in Possesion of William van Der Wer- 
ken, lying and being in the County of Montgomery, be sold at private 
sale, on or before the first day of November next, and if not then sold, 
to be sold at public sale, and that the Clerk Notify the same in the 
Newspapers in this City. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, the 

14th Ocf, 1784 — Present John Ja: Beekman Esqi", Mayor, Thomas 

Hun, Robert McClallen, Peter W. Douw, Peter W. Yates, John Ten 

Broeck, Esq'% Aldermen, Matthew Visscher, John W. Wendell, Jellis 

Winne, Abraham Cuyler, Richard Lush, Assistants. 

This being the day appointed by the Charter for the Quallification of 
the Officers of this Board, the above named Gentlemen were sworn to the 
execution of their Respective Offices, except the Mayor. 

James Elliott was appointed Marshall and was sworn to the execution 
of the Office. 

The ibllowing Constables were sworn : 

Jacob Kidney, and appointed High Constable; David Gibson, Elijah 
Johnson & Thomas Archard. 

City Hall, Albany, 26'i' Ocf, 1784. 

Resolved that the Fairs for the sale of fatt Cattle Commence on Tues- 
day the ninth day of November next, and be continued as long as Cir- 
cumstances may Require. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain advance the sum of Six Pounds to 
M'-. Jellis Winne, to enable him to provide Timber for the Docks, and 
that he lay a Bill of his expendature before this Board. 

Resolved that three Loads of Stone from the Fort be presented to the 
Vestry of the Church of England. 

City Hall, Albany, ll'i^ December, 1784. 

The Board proceeded to the appointment of Chimney Viewers for the 
ensuing year, and thereupon appointed the following persons : 

Cornelius Brower and William Fuller, the second ward. 

John Bogert and James Legrange, the first ward. 

Jacob Hoghstrasser and Nanning H. Visscher, the Third ward. 

Resolved that the Committee appointed to Lequidate the accounts Re- 
port by Monday next. 

City Hall, Albany, 14ti' December, 1784. 
Resolved that a piece of Land lying at Schachtekook, Surveyed by 
Jeremiah v. Rensseler Esq'", for M^. Peter Winne, Containing forty one 
acres three Roods and thirty six Perches, as "^ return thereof made 22 
July, 1773, be Granted to M^ Winne, he paying the rent Reserved upon 
the Land since the survey, and that the same be paid before the Execu- 
tion of the Deed, 



John J. Beehman, Mayor. 243 

Peter P. Winne made application to the Board for the Grant of a piece 
of Land lying on the Southwest side of the Farm of his Father, Peter 
Winne Dec ', containing about four Acres. 

A Letter from Jacob A. Vrooman, dated 7"' Dec", 1784, Read and filed. 

Resolved that Jellis Winne have the superintendence of the Hospitalj 
and that the Board will make him a Reasonable Compensation for his 
Trouble. 

City of Albany, 22 December, 1784. 

The Mayor informed the Board that he had executed a Deed to Peter 
P. Winne for the Lands Surveyed for him by Jeremiah Van Rensseler, 
pursuant to a Resolution of C. Council, passed 22 July, 1773 

Resolved that the Mayors Conduct in executing the 'said Deed be ap- 
proved of. 

_ Resolved that the Deed to Edward Coraston for the Two Letts sold to 
him, be Signed by the Mayor, and the City Seal be thereto affixed. 

Resolved that a Night Watch be established in this City, and that men 
be hired for the purpose, and a Tax laid for the payment of the same. 

M--. Gansevoort Jun'-, Moved for a Reconsideration. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, the 
24 Dec-, 1784 — Present John Ja. Beekman Esqr, Mayor, Leonard 
Gansevoort Esq^ Rec'i'-, Robert McClallen, Thomas Hun' Ph. van 
Rensselaer, Peter W. Douw, Esq'% Aldermen, Matthew 'visscher 
Richard Lush, John W. Wendell, Leo. Gansevoort Jun'-, Assistants. ' 
The Board resumed the consideration of M^. Gansevoorts I\Iotion and 
after debate the Question being put wheather the Board ao-reed to the 
Resolution of Last meeting : ° 

Resolved that the Board adhear to the Resolution of last meetino-. 
Resolved that nine Persons be hired and Employed for the purpose 
and that they find themselves with Fire and Candle Light, and they are 
to be paid four shillings for every night they are actualy on Guard: that 
three be on Guard every night; that they Call out the Hour of the 
Night and the situation of the Weather. 

Resolved that a Committee of three be appointed to draw Regulations 
for the Government of the said Watch. 

Resolved that the Clerk notify the Inhabitants of these Resolutions 



1785. 

City Hall, Albany, 17ii' January, 1785. 
Resolved that the Ground in the Rear of the Lott of Gerrit Van 
Schaick and Others be sold to them at one shilling for every square 

Resolved that the following accounts be paid (to wit) : John Stewards 
amounting to £1:16:0; David Rottery £30:9:3 ; John Steward £l-4-o' 
Abraham H. Wendell £24:12:6; Samuel Ramsey £14:15:0; Duncan 
McLearn £3:5:0; William Zoble £32:15:0; William Fraizer £14:2-0 • 
Duncan Steward £12:13:0. 

Resolved that the Lands belonging to this Board at Fort Hunter be 



244 The City Records, 1785. 

Leased under the same Eents and Restrictions for the Further Term of 
three years from the first of August nest. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on Edward Comtston, in favour 
of Jacobus Redlif, for Four Pounds in Goods, and that the same be 
Charged to the account of Jonathan Brooks. 

Resolved that all the Inhabitants of this City do, within nine months, 
Cause to be built sufficient Repositers for their Ashes under the Penalty 
of Ten Pound. 

Resolved that all the Inhabitants of the City do, within months. 

Remove all the Gutters of their Respective Houses, which Lead or Drop 
into the streets. 

Resolved that all the Ground lying to the east of the Lott of Jacob 
van Schaick and Others be sold at the rate of Six pence "^ Square Foot. 

Resolved that Isaac D. Fonda and Volkert A. Douw be imediately 
Prosecuted for the Money they are indebted to this Board. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on' the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Jacob Blooniendall, for £22:7:9. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts (to wit): Jellis Winne £ ; Christopher Bogert 

£11:15:0; Simeon Dudley £11:5:0 ; Barent Fryder £11:0:0; Abraham 
Ten Eyck £19:5:0 ; Barent Ten Eyck £6:0:0 ; Abel Mudge £35:11:0 ; Al- 
exander Smith £4:2:6; Wynant van Der Bergh £15:10:0 ; Edward Davis 
£1:6:0; Benjamin Goewy £1:16:0 ; Cornells Waldron £1:11:6; John 
Hansen £3:10:0; Thomas Low £1:2:0; Rynier van Yeveson £13:6:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 11'^ Febn-, 1785. 

Resolved that the Town Bulls be imediately brought to Town ; that 
Cornells van Deusen take them in Charge, and that he be allowed for 
Keeping them the sum of Forty shillings. 

Resolved that the Ferry between this City and Green Bush be exposed 
to sale at Public Vendue, on Friday the eighteenth day of February Instant 
and that Advertisements be put up to notify the Inhabitants thereof. 

Also, Resolved that the Terms on which the same will be sold, be as fol- 
lows : To be sold for one year, the payments to be made Quarterly, and be 
Subject from time to time to the Regulations of this Board; that the Board 
will Imediately procure one Skow and two Boats for the use of the Ferry. 

Resolved that M^. Recorder and M^. Winne be a Committee to Con- 
tract for the Building of the Skows & Boats. 

Resolved that the Docks be sold on the 18^1' day of Febo' Instant, and 
that Advertisements be put up Giving notice of the same. 

Resolved that the Clerk Draw orders on the Chambei-lain to pay the 
following accounts (to wit): To John I. Blocker £44:0:0 ; Peter Mul- 
hinch £3:9:0; James Fonda £2:7:6 ; Tennis Slingerlandt £1:18:6; Aa- 
ron Bradt £1:15:6; John Hood £1:1:9. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain deliver to each of the Watch Men two 
Bushels of Wheat, & that the Clerk Draw order for same. 

A Letter from John Kenyan and Benjamin Kenyan of Schagtikook, 
dated 11 JanO', 1785, was laid before the Board by his Worship the Mayor, 
requesting to purchase the Land now in their Improvement or to have a Re- 
newal of their Leases: Resolved that the same lay over for Consideration. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay to James Elliott, the Marshall to this 
Board, the sum of Four pounds Ten shillings, for a Quarter of a Years Salaiy. 



Jolm J. Beekman, Mayor. 245 

City Hall, Albany, February, 1785. 

A Certificate, signed by Phineas Whiteside, Leonard Cook, Richard 
Hart and Charles H. Toll, being a Committee of Cambridge, was Read 
and filed. 

]NP. Gansevoort Jun^ moved that a Committee be appointed to draft a 
Letter to the Corporation of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in 
this City, suggesting the Necessity of laying out the Pasture to the 
South of this City into House Lotts, thereby to promote the welfare of 
this City and the weal of the State ; 

Which motion being secconed, was Carrid in the affirmative, and the 
Committee appointed were, M'". Recorder, Alderman McClalien & As- 
sistant Wendell. 

City Hall, Albany, 17'^ February, 1785. 

Resolved that the persons who shall Purchase the ferry shall, out of 
the first monies that shall become due for said Ferry, Retain such a sum 
as the Building a Batteau and a Skow shall Come to, in addition to the 
Boat which M'. Winne has Contracted for. 

The Board proceeded to the sale of the Docks agreeable to advertise- 
ment, When Elisha Crane and John Batchelor Bid one Hundred and 
one Pounds, and thereupon it was struck off to them for one Year. 

They also proceeded to the Sale of the Ferry, which was struck of to 
Thomas Lotteridge & Dirk Hansen, for one Hundred and fifteen 
Pounds, for one Year. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain for Ten 
shillings, in favour of John Redlif. 

City Hall, Albany, 23 February, 1785. 

On Motion of Alderman Ten Broeck, to Prosecute the Delinquents of 
the late Accademy — Resolved that an order be Issued without Loss of 
time, to Prosecute the different accounts which M''. Abraham Ten Eyck 
of the City of Albany, may present to John Price Esqi' for that purpose. 

A Letter from M^ Baldwin was Read and filed. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Broeck, van Rensselaer and McClalien 
be a Committee to amend the proposals for Erecting an Accademy in this 
City, and that they Report by next week. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of John Tuncliff, for Forty shillings, and that the same be paid in 
Wheat. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
Cornells & John Wendell, for £2:1, being the Ballance of their account. 

City Hall, Albany, 1^' March, 1785. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain, for the 
Ballance of Simeon Dudleys account; and also one order on the Cham- 
berlain, in favour of Philip Hoffman, for Ten shillings. 

Resolved that Mi'\ Ten Eyck and Willet have Liberty to Occupy the 
Lower Room in the New Store. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of David Rottery, for Forty shillings, to be paid in Cash or Grain, on 
account. 



246 The City Records, 1785. 

Resolvod that the Ordinance for Regulating the Ferry be Revived 
with this addition — that several payments may be made as follows : The 
first payment to be made on the first day of May next; the second on 
the first day of August, and the Third on the first day of November, and 
the fourth on the first day of Jann' next ensuing. 

Resolved that M^. Recorder, Alderman Rensselaer and assistant Winne 
be a Committee to Remove the new store to the Ferry, and that the said 
Gentlemen do agree with the Ferry Men for Building the Boats. 

City Hall, Albany, 8'^ March, 1785. 

Resolved that the following accounts be paid, and that the Clerk draw 
orders in favour of Daniel Winne for £2:8:0; Henry van Hoesen £2:0:0; 
Christopher Bogert £2:0:0 ; Jesse De Foreest £1:15:0; Philip D. For- 
eest £1:15:0; William Verplank £2:0:0; Alexander Anderson £0:14:0; 
Lodewick O'Boran £0:8:0; Frederick Brown £0:8:0; Abraham Douw 
£0:8:0; Jellis Winne £0:16:0; Evert v. den Bergh £2:5:0; John Hause 
£0:12:0; Jellis Winne £1:2:4; John Heath £2:2:0; Abraham Veeder 
iE2:5:0; Michiel Rufi" £1:12:9 ; John I. Hanse £3:19:0 ; Barent Bogert 
£1:0:0; Hendrick Toman £0:8:0; Rynier v. Yeveren £0:8:0; John 
Groat £1:10:0; Frederick Brower £3:19:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 19ti> March, 1785. 

Resolved that Aldermen McClallen and Rensselaer be a Committee 
to view and examine the Lott of M^ John van Alen on Gallows Hill, 
and that they Report of their proceedings at next Common Council. 

The Petition of Daniel Tucker for the House back of the Hospital ; 
Resolved that M^ Tucker have the use of the said House the ensuing 
year ; also, a piece of Ground for a Garden, he paying for the same the 
sum of Sixteen Shillings '^ annum to this Board ; and that M''. Sim be 
furnished with an order to Remove his Timber from said House by the 
first of May next. 

Resolved that Henry I. Bogert be and he is hereby appointed a Sur- 
veyor for examining and acertaing the Tonage of the Vessels that are 
Liable to pay Dockage, and that he furnish each Master or Owner of such 
Vessel with a Certificate, under his Own Hand, what the Tonage of such 
vessel may be : for which service he shall Receive from Each master 
or owner of such vessels the sum of Four shillings. Ordered, that the 
Clerk furnish M''. Bogert with an order of this Resolution. 

Resolved that the north Wing of the Hospital be Kept for the use of 
a School. 

Resolved that the streets in this City be marked and that all the Houses 
be numbered. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Gerrit van Sante, for the Ballance of his ace' allowed, amounting to 
£22:2:3, and in favour of Rykert van Sante, as ^ acC, £4:4:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 26"' March, 1785. 
Resolved that Leonard Gansevoort Jun"" Esq'', do commence suits 
against Volkert A. Douw, Peter W. Dow and Isaac D. Fonda, on their 
Bonds to this Board; and that he also Request Mess''^ Lottridge & Han- 
sen to come to a Settlement with this Board for the Rent of the Ferry. 



JoJm J. Beehnan, Mayo)-. 247 

Kesolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chambi. in favour of the 
Watchmen, for two Bushel of wheat each, to be charged to their ac- 
counts. 

Kesolved that the Ordinance for Regulating the Ferry be Revived 
and with the following amendments (to wit) : That Two Skows and one 
Boat be built and furnished by the Mayer, Aldermen and Commonallity, 
& be constantly kept in good and sufficient Repair at the expence of the 
said Ferry Man, at his own proper Cost and Charges; and it shall be the 
Duty of the said Ferry Man, at a Reasonable time and at his own ex- 
pence, to Cause the said skows and Boats to be taken out of the water 
and Deposite them in some secure place, against the Danger of Water 
and Ice ; that^the said Ferry Man shall procure and furnish such and 
so many sufficient able Bodied Men as may be Necessary to man the said 
Skows and Boats, and that the said Skows, Boats and hands shall be Con- 
stantly employd at said Ferry. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Leonard Gansevoort Jun' , for Four shillings and Sixpence. 

Upon an information of Nanning Visscher and Jacob Hoghstrasser. 
Chimney viewers of the Third ward, of the Danger which may Result 
from the Pipes of Stoves leading through the Windows and Roofs of 
Houses: Ordered by this Board, that the Chimney viewers of Each 
ward order the Different Inhabitants of this City to Remove the said 
Pipes by the first day of May next, and that the Clerk inform the Gen- 
tlemen that this Board thank them for their Care on this Occasion. 

Resolved by this Board, that Messrs. Willet and Ten Eyck Remove 
without delay, the Stove they have in the new Store, near Fort Orano-e. 

City Hall, Albany, 2>id April, 1785. 

Resolved, in order finally to Settle the Controversy between this Board 
and Catherine & Rachel Douw, Respecting a piece of Ground Lyino- to 
the West of the House of Johannis Hooghkirk, deceased. That "the 
Honbie Robert Yates Esqr, John R. Bleeker and Jacob Ro'seboom, be 
requested to Certify to this Board, wheather any and what part of the 
Ground Lying to the west of the said Johannis Hooghkirks, is the pro- 
perty of the said Miss Douws, and that such Certificate shall be final and 
Conclusive to this Board on the Subject. 

Resolved that Matthew Visscher Esqr be Directed to procure and lay 
before the said Robert Yates Esqr, John R. Bleeker and Jacob Roseboom 
such proofs as he may think proper, in Order to support the Claim of 
this Board. 

City Hall, Albany, G'h of April, 1785. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Gisbert van Schoohoven, for five Bushels of wheat. 

Resolved that His Worship the Mayor sign the Deed to Mi-\ Cornelia 
Williams, for the Lott of Ground formerly sold to her Husband, John 
Williams Deceased, on the Gallows Hill. 

Resolved that the Aldermen and assistants of the Third Ward, Cause 
the Blacksmiths Shop of Jacob Pruyn, near the middle Dock, to be 
Removed. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay Thomas Gifford the Money he may 



248 The City Records, 1785. 

Receive from Mi". Lotteridge, being about Twelve Pounds, and Give him 
a Certificate of what may remain due to him, payable in Ten days. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of John Ostrander, for five Bushels of wheat. 

City Hall, ^Vlbany, 9th of April, 1785. 

The Committee to whom was Referred the Consideration of applying 
to the Corporation of the Dutch Church for the sale of part of the Pas- 
ture, Report the Draught of a Letter, which being Read was agreed to. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
foljowing accounts to wit : To Bastiaen Visscher & Price £28:0:0 : John 
Price £8:0:0; To Jonathan Brooks for five Bushels of wheat. 

The Committee appointed to Report proper names to be assigned to 
the Several Streets in this City, Reported the same, which on being 
Read were agreed to. Ordered that a Map be made of the City, and 
the streets thereon laid out, with the Name assigned to Each Street on 
the same. 

City Hall, Albany, 14ti' April, 1785. 

A Petition of Daniel Tucker, praying an order to take Possession of 
the House West of the Hospital and the use of the Ground in the West 
wing of the Hospital for the purpose of a Garden, was Read & filed : 

Resolved that the Clerk furnish Mr. Tucker with an order agreeable 
to the prayer of his Petition, and that he be permitted to use the Ground 
prayed for as a Garden. 

On the Application of Alderman Hun — 

Resolved that he be permitted to appropriate the Ground lying in the 
Northwest Wing of the Hospital, for a Garden. 

On Reading the Petition of Donald McDonald — 

Resolved that the said McDonald be permitted to use the Ground ly- 
ing to the South of the Hospital, as a Garden. 

The Clerk laid before the Board, the Deed to Edward Compston for 
the Two Lots lately sold him to the South of the City Hall, which being 
Read, Ordered that His Worship sign the same, and that the City Seal 
be thereto afiixed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts (to wit) : John Ostrander £25:3:6 ; Thomas Lot- 
tridge £1:1:0; Hugh Jolly £2:0:0. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain deliver Cornells van Deusen twelve 
Bushel and a half of pease ; that He Charge two Bushels thereof to van 
Deusen and the Residue to the Bull account. 

The Ordinance entitled an Ordinance for Regulating Carts and Car- 
men within the City of Albany, was this day published. 

City Hall, Albany, 16 April, 1785. 

Aldermen McClallen and van Rensselaer, the Committee appointed 
to view the Lott of Ground sold heretofore to John van Alen and report 
what abatement ought to be allowed him on account of the Lots being 
Removed farther to the eastward than it was Originally laid out. 

Report that an abatement of Five Pounds ought to be made, and that 
upon van Alens paying the Residue of the purchase money and the Rent 



John J. Beehman, Mayor. 249 

which would have been Due had the deed been executed at the time of 
purchase, Deeds be executed to him for the same. 

Alderman Ten Broeck, from the Committee appointed to inspect the 
Building in the Fort, Reported, Which Report being Read and amended 
was agreed to and ordered to be filed. 

Resolved that the Hospital be sold at public Sale, on monday the Sec- 
ond day of May next; that the Wood work only be sold, and that M''. 
Jellis Winne, Richard Lush and John W. Wendell be a Committee to 
lay the same into Lots as will best suit the Intrest of the Buyers. 

Resolved that Mr. Jellis Winne sell the Stone at Private Sale. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamb'. in favour of 
the watchmen, for two Bushels of Wheat and two Bushels of Pease Each, 
on account. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Cornells van Deusen £2:16:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 2'h1 May, 1785. 
Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamb'. in favour of 

John Tuncliff, for the sum of Four Pounds. 

Resolved that the Clerk put the Bond entered into by Gerrit Ryck- 

man, for the performance of the Trust Reposed in him as Chamberlain, 

in suit, in order to Compel him to account. 

Pursuant to a Resolution of the 16 '' of April, the Hospital was this 

day sold at public Vendue, having been previously laid into Lotts by the 

Committee appointed for that purpose. 

The Gentlemen who became purchasers are as follows : 

Jonathan Pettit Lot N". 1 Cont? 29 feet £36: 0:0 

Dr. Wilhelmus Mancius 2 25 D^ 6: 0:0 

Bastian T. Visscher 3 25 8: 0:0 

D" 4 25 7: 0:0 

Abraham G. Lansing 5 29 13: 0:0 

Archibald Campbell 6 30 10:10:0 

Maus R. Van Vranken 7 35 15:10:0 

Jellis Winne 8 35 15:10:0 

Do 9 33 8: 0:0 

Dirk Hansen 10 25 10: 0:0 

John Lansing Junr 11 28^ 15 :0:0 

Matthew Visscher 12 30 11:10:0 

John I. Bleeker 13 29 20: 0:0 

City Hall, Albany, 17"' May, 1785. 

Resolved that that part of the ordinance for Regulating the ferry 
between this City and Green Bush which relates to the price of ferriage 
and the Keeping of Boats, be published in the news papers printed in 
this City. 

Resolved that the Ordinances of this Board, which were last year in 
force, be published and declared to be in Force for the ensuing iTear. 

Resolved that the Aldermen of the first ward cause without delay the 
Bridge over Treules Kill, the stone Bridge and Other Bridges in the 
Pasture, to be Repaired. 

Hist. Coll. a. 32 



250 The City Records, 1785. 

City Hall, Albany, 27'^ May, 1785. 

Kesolved that the Clerk write a Letter to Mr. Daniel Bradt at the 
Halfway house, directing him to Remove the Loggs he has rid to make 
a fence on the East side of the hill near his Barn. 

Resolved that the Ferry Men enter into Lease for the performance of 
the Covenants respecting the Ferry. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw the Deeds to and from Cornells van 
Scheluyne for the Ground he lately Exchanged with this Board, near 
Coll". Lansings. 

Resolved that a Committee of three be appointed to prepare an Ordi- 
nance for Regulating and Repairing the Highways, Roads, Streets, 
Lanes and alleys within the Limits of this City; the Committee Chosen 
for the purpose are Alderman Rensselaer, assistants Visscher & Granse- 
voort Junr. 

City Hall, Albany, 2'>'i June, 1785. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain, in favour of 
the Watchmen, for four Bushels of wheat each, and also that the cham- 
berlain deliver to Jacob F. Pruyn four Bushels of Wheat. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw a Power of attorney to Mr. James El- 
liott to reenter on the Lands heretofore Leased to the Jessups. 

Resolved that the Farm lying at Fort hunter heretofore advertized for 
sale, be again advertized, and that publick Securities at their current 
Value will be received in pay. 

City Hall, Albany, 8"' June, 1785. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw a Cavet, to be entered against the Com- 
missioners of the Land Office, Granting the Lands Claimed by the Heirs 
of Ephraim Wemp and others, at Fort Hunter. 

Resolved that the Members of the Third ward Cause without delay a 
Pier to be made from the Midle Dock to the street leading from the 
River, between Schebolet Bogarduses House and the House of the Heirs 
of Anthony E. Bratt Dec^i. 

Resolved that a Committee consisting of a Member of Each ward be 
appointed to view the severall Docks and see what Repairs are Necessary 
to be done ; the Committee are Aldermen McClallen, Douw and assist- 
ant Gansevoort Junr. 

Resolved that the Clerk cause a Reentry to be made on the Lands 
formerly leased to Ebenezer Jesup. 

City Hall, Albany, 23rd June, 1785. 

Resolved that assistant Winne apply to the Road Masters for Ten men 
to be employed in working at the ]3ridge in the Pasture. 

Resolved that the Butchers be directed in future not to Kill any Cat- 
tle, Calves, Sheep or Lambs at their own Houses, and that they have 
Liberty to use the old Store House for that purpose. 

City Hall, Albany, 4'i' July, 1785. 
Mr. Jacob van Schaick appeared before the Board, and informed them 
that he Claimed seven feet of Ground to the south and adjoining the 
Creek back of Simon Veeders and Jannitie Lansings Lots, where the 



John J. Beehman, Maym\ 251 

stone Arcli Bridge is to be made, and prayed that the Board woukl be 
pleased to Grant him in Lieu thereof a Like Quantity of G-round in the 
Rear of his Lot; Thereupon Resolved that Alderman McClallen and 
assistant Lush be a Committee to Examine Mr. Van Schaicks Claim, and 
Report thereon with all Convenient speed, and that they be and hereby 
are empowered to Call upon the City Surveyor and Direct him to mea- 
sure such Lots, and in such manner as they may Conceive proper. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Robert Lansing, for Eleven pounds five Shillings, being the amount 
of his ace'. 

Aldermen McClallen informed the Board that M'". Abraham G. Lan- 
sing had Requested him to apply to the Board to Leave the matter respect- 
ing the Water Course thro M'^ Lansings Lot to five indifferent persons : 

Resolved that the Aldermen of the third Ward Order M''^ Lansing to 
remove the obstruction she has made in the Creek, and at the time they 
Do so, order that two Inhabitants be present, that they may bear Testi- 
mony thereof. 

City Hall, Albany, 6"' July, 1785. 

Resolved that the Lauds of this Board at Fort Hunter, Lying to the 
South of Schohary Creek, be devided into two Farms ; that John T. 
Visscher have one half and Abraham Garrison the other, provided the 
said Garrison will Cultivate the same himselfe and for his own use. 

Resolved that Arch Bridge, from the Market House to Mrs. Lansings 
House, be Cleaned and all obstructions Removed. 

Resolved that Alderman Hun, assistants Visscher and Gansevoort Junr, 
be a Committee appointed to Lease the Lands of this Board at Fort Hun- 
ter, and that the Clerk draw a Power of Attorney to them for that pur- 
pose. 

Resolved that a Stone Arch Bridge be made a cross the Creek or Run 
ot water leading from the House of Adam Fates to the Lott on the 
Opposite side to it, near the upper Dock. 

City Hall, Albany, 12'i' July, 1785. 

Resolved that His Worship the Mayor Execute the Deed prepared by 
the Clerk to Cornelis van Scheluyne, for the Street back of Coll>\ Lan- 
sings Lot and also a Bond for £50, upon Mr. Schelluynes executing to this 
Board a Deed for the Ground of his lying within the Range of the Street 
Commonly Called Pearl Street, and that the public Seal be thereto afiixed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain for the pay- 
ment of the following acc'«, to wit: To Jacob Pruyn £3:0:6 ; To Fair- 
child & Vosburgh iE2:13:4; To Robert Lewis £6:8:6. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chajaberlain to deliver 
three Bushels of Wheat to Each of the following persons : Jellis Winne, 
John Fryer, Jacob Fryer, Barent Miller, John Fingue, Jacob Bloomen- 
dale, Killiacre Winne, Tenuis Slingerlant, McDonald, and 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain to deliver 
to Each of the Watchmen two Bushels of Wheat on account. 

Resolved that the Road master be directed to lay before this Board, on 
or before the fifteenth day of July Instant, an account of the number of 
Days Yet in arrear to be Worked on the Road. 



252 The City Records, 1785. 

An Ordinance entitled an Ordinance to Kill and destroy Doggs within 
this City, was this day published. 

City Hall, Albany, 13tii July, 1785. 

Resolved that the amount of the account of Elisha Crane against Ro- 
bert Lewis, be received from Batchelor and Crane, in payment for the 
rent of the Docks. 

City Hall, Albany, IQti^ July, 1785. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain and Mr. Gansevoort Junr, without de- 
lay make an abstract of all the Rents and Debts due to this Board, and 
that upon the Completion thereof, Mr. Gansevoort Collect the same, and 
from time to time pay the money and the Securities he may Receive into 
the Hands of the Chamberlain. 

Resolved that the Constables of this City be allowed two shillings for 
every sabbath day they Respectivly attend their Duty in preserving the 
Peace and Quiet of that day. 

Resolved that the Constables inspect the Slaughter houses in this City 
and Report the state thereof at the next meeting of the Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 25 July, 1785. 
Resolved that the Stone work, beaing from the English Church to oppo- 
site to J. Sharps, be continued to the Dutch Church, and that Mr. Recor- 
der Cause the same to be compleated. 

Resolved that Gerrit van Sante, James Bloodgood and Gerrit W. Van 
Schaick be permitted to take as much Stone from the Fort as will be 
sufficient to Continue the water Run from Van Santes Corner to the 
River. 

Resolved that the Members of the first Ward be empowered to Cause 
Stone to be laid Round the Wells in the said Ward, for the purpose of 
leading the Water therefrom ; that the Stone be taken for the purpose 
from the Fort. 

Resolved that the Course of the water Run leading from the House of 
Abraham Bloodgood to the River, be altered so as that the said Run 
Empties to the South of the Dock. 

The Inhabitants of the Second Ward having agreed to procure Timber 
for laying a Drain from the Spring near the Powder house to the Pump 
near the Hospital, and to lay the Same, provided the Board will furnish a 
Carpenter to prepare the same and Boards to Lay underneath the Timber : 

Resolved that the Board do Comply with the wish of the Inhabitants. 

Resolved that a Stone Arch Bridge be made a Cross the Creek in the 
Rear of Robert Lansings Lot. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain be directed, out of the first wheat com- 
ing into his hands, to pay Richard van Sante the amount of the repairs 
he may now make, and the amount of the late Chamberlains account 
against him. 

City Hall, Albany, 15"^- Aug', 1785. 
Resolved that assistant Lush be added to the Committee appointed to 
Lease the Lands of this Board at Fort Hunter. 

Resolved that Alderman McClallen, Assistants Visscher and Wendell 



John J. Beehman, Mayor. 253 

be a Committee to View a Spot of Ground lying near the House of the 
widdow Van Sante, and Report whether the same can without any incon- 
venience be Sold. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay 
James Elliott £4:10. - ' 

Resolved that the Ordinance declaring a Penalty of twelve Shillings 
on any person who should Carry any Stone from the Fort, be and it is 
hereby Revived. 

Resolved that the Members of the Second ward be permitted to take 
such a Quantity of stone from the Fort as may be sufficient to lay a water 
Course from the Corner of Peter Sharps house to the Lower part of the 
Pump Standing in Pearl Street. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to Deliver 
Three Bushels of wheat to each of the following persons, viz^ : James 
Patterson, Joseph Welch, Peter McDougald, John Creun, William Deal, 
John David, Peter McGurchy and Hugh Lenox. 

Resolved that the Ground lying to the West of the Lot of Peter 
Sharp and Others and to the East of a straight line to be drawn from the 
South west Corner of the store House of Nicholas Bleeker to the South 
West Corner of the House now in the Possesion of John Easton, be Sold. 

Resolved that Mr. Henry Bogert be Directed to measure and prepare a 
Map of the said Ground so to be sold, and lay the Same before this 
Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 20'h Augt, 1785. 

A Petition of Guysbert Fonda and Others praying that the street 
Called Maiden Lane be Continued through the Episcopal Church Burry- 
ing Ground Was Read, and thereupon 

Resolved that the Prayer of the said Petition be Granted, provided 
the Petitioners will Level the said street and make the same passable in 
the first Instance at their own expence and Charge. 

Resolved that Aldermen Yates, Ten Broeck and van Rensselaer be a 
Committee to Confer and agree with the Vestry of the Episcopal Church 
Relative to an exchange of Ground for so much of the Bui-rying Ground 
as will be taken oft" by the Continuance of the said Street. 

Resolved that the same Committee confer with the Elders and Deacons 
of the Lutherian Church Relative to an exchange of Ground for so much 
of their Burrying Ground as will be Necessary to be taken ofi" and added 
to Washington Street, in a Direct line from the Lott of Charles New- 
man to the Lutherian Parsonage House. 

City Hall, Albany, 26"i AugS 1785. 

Resolved that in Case of Making of Drains, every person whose pri- 
vate Drain enters into the public Drain, shall aid and assist in making 
the same in proportion as their Property is to the whole, and in Case of 
Stoppage that every one Residing above the Stoppage shall in like man- 
ner open the same. 

Resolved that the Ground lately agreed to be sold to the proprieters of 
Lots adjoyning Barrack street, from the House of John Easton to the 
Store house of Mrs. Bleeker, be sold at six pence "^ foot and the two cor- 
ner Lotts at nine pence '^ foot. 



264 The Gihj Records, 1785. 

Resolved that it be a Standing Rule of this Board, that upon the De- 
termination of all Questions, if any Member Calls for a Devision, such 
Devision be Entred. 

Resolved that the Tenants at Fort Hunter be requested to Come down 
and take new leases. 

Resolved that Two Farms be Sold at Fort Hunter. 

City Hall, Albany, 30"' Augt, 1785. 

This day sold to Charles Newman, one Lot of Ground lying to the 
North of Johannis Wyngaarts Lot, Containing in Front Thirty five feet, 
and Running from thence in a Direct line to the Northwest Corner of 
the Lot of the said Johannis AVyngaart, and also one other Lot lying to 
the North of the Street and West of the Lot of the Heirs of William 
van Sante Dec'' and adjoyning the Creek, for the Sum of one Hundred 
and Twenty Pounds. 

Resolved that the City Surveyor Survey the last mentioned Lot, and 
that the Clerk draw a Deed to Newman for Both Lots, that the Mayor 
Sign the Same, and that the City Seal be thereto affixed ; Mr. Newman to 
pay one half in Cash the first day of February next, and the other half 
six months thereafter, unless the same be taken in Merchandize, then to 
be paid on demand. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay 
Alexander Smiths ace', and also the sum of Eight shillings to John I. 
Retlief. 

Resolved that Gerrit T. Visscher, Jacobus van Sante and Jonathan 
Brooks be Requested to appraize the Stable on the Land lately Belonging 
to the Jessups, and that Alderman Rensselaer have the same, he paying 
the appraized Value. 

Resolved that Alderman McClallen and assistant Wendell lay the old 
Store into Lots, and that the same be sold at public Vendue on Saterday 
next. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Deeds of Exchange between this Board 
and James Bloodgood, and also to notify the persons in Possesion of the 
old Store to Quit the same. 

City Hall, Albany, 31-^t August, 1785. 

The Board having lately made an Exchang of Ground with Mr. James 
Bloodgood, and he Conceiving that the Ground Given by the Board is 
not Equivalent to the Ground he had Given the Board ; Therefore 

Resolved that Messrs. Henry Bogert, John R. Bleeker and Gerrit 
Groesbeck be Requested to determine the Same and if they should be of 
Opinion that it is not an equivalent that they Report the Difierence. 

Resolved that it is the Opinion of this Board that the Obstruction 
made in the Creek, near the Market House, by mrs. Jannitie Lansing is 
a Publick Nuisance. 

Resolved that the matter of Right between this Board and mrs. Lan- 
sing be Submitted to Reference. 

Resolved that Mrs. Lansing be informed of the proceeding Resolution, 
and that she be requested to Remove the Obstruction she Caused in the 
Creek. 



John J. Beekman, Mayor. 255 

City Hall, Albauy, 2'"i September, 1785. 

Eesolved that it is the Opinion of this Board, that any person who may 
have Received Damage by the Obstruction made by m'^ Jannitie Lan- 
sing in the Creek running thro her Lot, Ought imediately to remove it, 
or bring an action on the Case for the Damages he may have sustained,' 
and that this Board will pay the Cost and Charges of Prosecuting such 
action. 

Upon the application of Bethuel Washburn, 

Resolved that he have the Use of the large New Store during the 
pleasure of this Board, at the Rate of Twenty shillings by the montli. 

Resolved that the Dancing assembly have the use of the middle Rooms 
in the new Store for the ensuing Season, at . 

City Hall, Albany, 5'i> of Sepr, 1785. 

Resolved that the Lands at Fort Hunter be Leased for the Term of 
three years from the 20tii of Augt last; That a Clause be inserted in the 
Deed that in Case the Corporation should within the Term sell or other- 
wise dispose of the said Lands or any part thereof, that then the Lease 
to be Void. 

Resolved that this Board will not lease any of the said Lands to any 
person or persons who have opposed the Right of this Board, or laid 
Claim to the said Lands, or have Located Such Lands as before had been 
Located by this Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 6"' Septemr, 1785. 

Resolved that the Clerk notify the Sale of the old Store for Monday 
next, at Ten oClock in the forenoon. 

A Petition of Baltis van Benthuysen offering Proposals to Remove the 
new Store and put the same up on the Lot of this Board at the Ferry 
and that he will allow £150 f annum for the Ferry until the expence 
is paid him — 

Resolved that Mr. Van Benthuysens Proposalls be accepted of, and 
that the Store be taken down and put up with all Convenient speed and 
that the same be done by Contract. 

Resolved that Alderman Yates and assistant Wendell be a Committee 
to Oversee the taking down and putting up the same at the Ferry, in the 
most Cheapest manner, and that they also Direct the mode and manner 
of the said Building. 

City Hall, Albany, 7<i' Sepr, 1785. 

Resolved that the matter of Mrs. Lansings Right to stop up the Creek 
running thro her Lott be submitted to Egbert Benson, Peter Selvester, 
Alexander Hamilton, John Laurance and Brockholst Livingston, Esqrs' 
or any three of them ; that the indeviduals who may be injured by the 
Stoppage be made parties to the Submission. 

Resolved that Mr. Recorder, Assistants Visscher and Gansevoort Junr, 
be a Committee to manage the Controversy in Opposition to Mrs. Lan- 
sings Claim. 

John Lansing Junr Esqr, appeared before the Board and agreed to open 
the Creek untill the Right should be determined, and also in Case the 



256 The City Records, 1785. 

same should be determined in favour of Mrs. Lansing, that then it should 
remain open for such a time as may be Convenient to direct the Water 
Course another Way. 

City Hall, Albany, 9>h Sepr, 1785. 
Resolved that Baltis van Benthuysen be directed to Desist from break- 
ing down the new store untill further Orders. 

A Petition of John H. Ten Eyck, Barent Ten Eyck and Others, mem- 
bers of the Dutch Church in this City, praying an exchange of the 
Ground Granted by this Board in 1760, and that in such exchange the 
Church to Surrender all the Ground lying to the north of the Schenec- 
tady Road, and the Board to Grant Certain Lands to the South of said 
Road as described in a map delivered with the Petition, was Read & filed. 
A Petition from John R. Bleeker and others praying that the Road 
leading from Jacob Bleeker Junrs house to Schenectady, be not Stopped, 
was Read and filed. 

City Hall, Albany, 10 Sepr, 1785. 
Whereas Mr. Baltis van Benthuysen, Contrary to a Resolution of this 
Board, has Yesterc^ay Broak down the Roof of the new Store house; 
Therefore 

Resolved that Mr. Van Benthuysen at his own expence Repair the 
Same, and that he begin the said Repairs on Monday next. 

This day, pursuant to notice, the old store was sold in Lotts, as fol- 
lows : 

To Squres & Th^ Bradford, Lot No. 1 £8:0:0 

James Elliott 2 5:0:0 

William Zoble 3 4:0:0 

Do 4 6:0:0 

Do 5 12:0:0 

City Hall, Albany, 12ii' Septr, 1785. 

Resolved that Mr. Jellis Winne be directed to Repair the Roof of the 
new Store with all possible speed, and that he Keep an exact account of 
the Expences. 

Resolved that the exchange proposed to made by this Board with the 
Trustees of the Lutherian Church, be agreed to, and that deeds be exe- 
cuted, and that the one on the part of this Board be Signed by his Wor- 
ship the Mayor and that the City seal be thereto afiixed, and that M"". 
John R. Bleeker, previous thereto, measure the same under the Inspec- 
tion of the Committee appointed for that purpose 

City of Albany, 17"' Sepr, 1785. 

Resolved that at the ensuing Election, on the 29''' Instant, An adi- 
tional Constable be Chosen in each of the Wards of this City. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
the following acc'% (to wit) : To Ezra Shaw £0:10:0 ; Jellis Winne £3:4:0. 

Upon the application of Coll ". Peter Yates Esqr, for the Purchase of 
Lot N'\ 1, 2 & 3 with the stony Ridge, and four acres adjoyning thereto, 
At Fort Hunter, it was proposed that the value of the same should be 
ascertained by Messrs. Gerrardus Lansing, Jeremiah Van Rensselaer & 



John J. Beehman, Mayor. 257 

Henry Oothovit ; That the payments be as follows : one fourth part of the 
appraized Value to be paid at the Execution of the Deeds, and one fourth 
part yearly thereafter till the whole is paid, with Lawful Intrest after the 
first year; Whereupon Coll'\ Yates took time to Consider as to the mode 
of payment. 

Eesolved that a fine of Eight shillings be imposed upon every Member 
of this Board who shall Neglect to attend Common Council, when duly 
warned. 

City Hall, Albany, 22'hI Sepr, 1785. 

Resolved that the Leases of the Lands at Fort Hunter be executed 
and that they be transmitted to John T. Visscher and Abraham Garrison, 
by them to be delivered to the Tenants on their executing Counter parts. 

Resolved that the Lands Reserved for van Vranken, at Fort 

Hunter, be leased to John van Acken, Jacob Seber and John Runnions, 
said van Vranken having declined accepting a lease for said Lands. 

Resolved that the Road Masters be directed forth with to Call upon 
such of the Citizens as have not worked the Number of Days which they 
have been assesed to work at the Roads, and that they proceed to com- 
pleat the said Roads as soon as possible. 

Resolved also that a Copy of the above Resolution be served on the 
Road Masters. 

Resolved that the Mayor Sign the Bond of Submission to Jannitie 
Lansing respecting the obstructions of the Creek running through the 
Lot of the said Jannitie Lansing, and that the City seal be affixed to said 
Bond. 

Resolved that Henry van Wie, the Goaler, have as much Stone from 
the Fort as maybe sufficient to Raise an Oven in the Yard adjoyning the 
Court House, and that the same be Considered as Public Property. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, the 
29'!' September, 1785 — Present, John Ja. Beekman Esqr, Mayor, Tho- 
mas Hun, Peter W. Yates, Peter W. Douw, Philip v. Rensselaer, 
Esqrs, Aldermen, Leonard Gansevoort Jum, Jellis Winne, Abraham 
Cuyler, John W. Wendell, Assistants. 

The Aldermen of the Respective wards Returned the Polls by them 
taken on this day for the Election of Aldermen, Assistants and Consta- 
bles for the ensuing Year, by which it appears that the following were 
duly elected, viz' : 

For the First Ward — Peter W. Yates, Robert McClellan, Aldermen; 
Matthew Visscher, John W. Wendell, Assistants; Jacob Kidney, David 
Gibson, Constables. 

For the Second ward — Philip van Rensselaer, Peter W. Douw, Alder- 
men ; Cornelius Cuyler, Jacob Ja. Lansing, Assistants; Elijah Johnston, 
Elijah Buswell, Constables. 

For the third Ward — John Ten Broeck, Thomas Hun, Aldermen; 
Jellis Winne, Leonard Gansevoort Junr, Assistants; William Talbut, 
William Gill, Constables. 

The Board then proceeded to the appointment of a Chamberlain and 
Marshal for the ensuing Year, when Peter W. Douw Esqr. was appointed 
Chamberlain, and James Elliott was appointed Marshal. 
Hist. Coll. a. 33 



258 The City Records, 1785. 

City Hall, Albany, 14 October, 1785. 

This being the day appointed by Charter for the Quallification of the 
Officers of the Corporation, when the following Gentlemen appeared and 
were Sworn : 

John Ja. Beeknian Esqr, Mayor, Peter W. Yates, Peter W. Douw, 
John Ten Broeck, Escp, Aldermen; Matthew Visscher, Jellis Winne, 
Cornells Cuyler, Jacob Ja. Lansing, Assistants. James Elliott, Marshall. 

llesolved that no Substitute for Constable be hereafter Received unless 
the substitute Lives and Resides in the same ward where the person who 
is Chosen Constable Resides. 

City Hall, Albany, 14'h November, 1785. 

Thomas Hun Esqr, elected one of the Aldermen of the third Ward, 
appeared in Common Council and was sworn to the due execution of his 
office. Leonard Gansevoort Junr, elected one of the assistants of the 
third Ward, and John W. Wendell, elected one of the assistants of the 
first Ward, appeared in Common Council and were Respectively sworn to 
the due execution of their Office. 

Resolved that Jacob van Schaick, Gerrit W. van Schaick and Coll^. 
Goose van Schaick have the Ground in the Rear of their Lotts at two 
pence ^^ Square foot, and which Lotts are to be surveyed before any 
Conveyances are made, and the Eastern Line to be subject to the Direc- 
tion of this Board. Mr. Jacob van Schaick appeared before the Board 
and accepted the same. 

A Petition of John Kinney, Cyrus De Hart and William Pennington, 
Propriators of the Northern Stage Waggon, praying a Regulation of the 
Ferry in their Favour, was Read and filed. Ordered that the Considera- 
tion of the said Petition be posponed. 

A Petition of William Dale, praying a Lot of Ground adjoyning the 
Lot of the Widow Glens in the second ward was Read; ordered that the 
Members of the second ward Locate a spot for the said Dale, and that in 
such Location they take especial care that it does not interfere with any 
public street, and that they Report their proceedings with all Convenient 
speed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Robert Lewis for the amount of his acc^, being £13:17:10. 

A Petition of Cornells van Deusen, one of the Watchmen, praying for 
the advancing a small sum of Money for the purpose of purchasing 
Beef was Ptead, and an application of the rest of the Watchmen for the 
like purpose, Mr. Visscher moved and was Secconed that pursuant to a 
Law of this State, the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds be Raised by Tax 
within this City for the purposes in said act Mentioned; on the Question 
being put, it passed as follows : 

For the affirmative — Aldermen Yates, McClallen, ass^ Wendell, Visscher. 

For the Negative — Aldermen Ten Broeck, Hun, ass^ Gansevoort Junr, 
Cuyler. 

The Board being equally divided, His Worship the Mayor declared 
him self for the affirmative. 

Therefore Resolved that the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds be Raised by 
tax within this City, and that the same be raised to and for the purposes 
in the said Act mentioned ; and that the Assesors be directed imediately to 



John J. Beehnan, Mayor. 259 

lay the assesment, and that the Clerk serve the assesors with a Copy of 
this Resolution. 

Resolved that Assistants Gansevoort Junr and Visscher be a Committee 
to take, on Loan, for the use of this Board, any sum not exceeding £100, 
and that if the same Cannot be had on the Security of this Board, that 
the members will Give their private Bonds for the payment of the same. 

Resolved that a Committee of three be appointed to revise the Ordi- 
nance to prevent fire in this City ; the Committee appointed were Messrs, 
assistants Visscher, Cuyler and Gansevoort Junr. 

The Board then proceeded to the appointment of Chimney Viewers, 
and therefor the following persons were appointed : 

Daniel Hewson, Marte Myndertse, For the first ward. 

John F. Pruyn, Thomas L. Wittbeck, For the Second ward. 

Gerrit A. Lansing, Maus R. v. Vranken, For the Third Ward. 

City Hall, Albany, 28 November, 1785. 

Messrs. Donald McDonald, Kennet Chisholm & John Grant, in behalf 
of themselves and about 200 others, applyed to this Board, for leave to 
Land in this City and to have the use of the Barracks to shelter them- 
selves in the Course of this Winter ; Thereupon 

Resolved that they be permitted to Land and Occupy the Barracks 
untill the first day of may next, on Condition that the said Donald Mc- 
Donald, Kennet Chisholm and John Grant make out a List of the Names 
of all the persons that may Land, and Pinter into Bonds that the said 
Persons or Either of them shall not become Chargeable to the Destrict 
of Albany, be of Good behaviour and not Committ any Waste. 

Resolved that in Case the purchasers of the old Store do not within 
six days from this Date Remove the Same, that then this Board will 
order the same to be pulled down. 

Whereas it is represented to this Board that several Persons Residing 
on the Ground belonging to Stephen van Rensselaer Esqr, Opposite the 
old Store, Live very Disorderly ; Therefore 

Resolved that His Worship Mr. Recorder be Requested to speak to Mr. 
Van Rensselaer on the subject and Desire him to Remove such Persons. 

On Motion of Mr. Visscher, 

Resolved that assistants Gansevoort Junr, Wendell, Cuyler and Lan- 
sing be a Committee for examining and Auditing all accounts that may 
be brought in against this Board until the 14i'i day of October next. 

On Reading the Petition of Messrs. Allen & Bentley, two of the Com- 
edians, 

Resolved that they be permitted to exhibit their Theritical Perform- 
ance in this City at such place and at such times as they shall think pro- 
per and Convenient. 

City Hall, Albany, 12'h December, 1785. 

A Petition of Harman Gansevoort, John Ja. Lansing and Others, was 
Read and filed. 

Alderman Hun Moved that the Comedians have not the Liberty to 
exhibit their Theritrical performances in the Hospital, and on the Ques- 
tion being put to agree to the Motion, it was Carried in the Negative, as 
follows (to wit) : 



260 ■ Tlie City Records, 1785. 

For the Motion — Aldermen Hun, Ten Broeck, Assistants Gansevoort 
Junr, Lansing — 4. 

Against the Motion — Mr. Mayoi', Mr. Recorder, Aldermen Yates, van 
Eensselaer, Douw, McClallen, Assistants Wendell, Winne,Visscher — 9. 

Resolved that in the Opinion of this Board, they have not a Legal 
"Right to prohibit the Company of Comedians in this City, from exhibit- 
ing their Theatrical performances. 

Resolved that as a Formal application was made by the said Company 
of Comedians to this Board, for leave to occupy two Rooms in the Hos- 
pital for this purpose, and as this application was notorious and not Hastily 
Granted, so that sufficient time was afforded to the Inhabitants to Express 
their Sentiments, and altho the permission was Granted in formality by a 
Majority of Members Composing the Corporation, they Conceive that it 
would be unjust at this time and forfeit their Honour to Deprive the said 
Company of Comedians of the use of the said Rooms, and Subject them 
to useless Expence. 

Resolved that the Five Mile House be sold at private sale, and if not 
sold by the first day of March next then to be leased, and that Notice 
thereof be Given in the papers accordingly. 

City Hall, Albany, 22 December, 1785. 

A Petition of John Tunnicliff and Samuel Seulthorp, praying a Lease 
for about Two Hundred Acres of Land on the South of the Schenectady 
Road, opposite the Three Mile Stone, was Read and ordered to Lie on the 
Table. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accts, to wit : Christopher Bogert 4^:17s:6(Z ; Matthew Wat>*on 
\l:12.s:M; Killiaen Winne 10/:13s:6fZ; iMaus R. v. Vranken \ll-As:Qd; 
Jacob Ja. Lansing ll-2s:M; William Fuller \l-2s:Qd; Charles Numan 
'dhbs-M; Jacob Ja. Lansing 2?:0.s:6f?; Andrew Able 0/:18s:0f?; Jacob 
Bloomendal 10^:14s:6(i? ; Leonard Gansevoort Esqr. 2.1:1 s:od ; John Davis 
5^:15s:6c/; Peter McDougald 9^:5s:3(Z; John Crum 9/:7s:6fZ; William 
Deal 10?:3s:9fZ; James McGurchy 5/:19s:3fZ; Donald McDonald IhQr.M; 
Maus R. Van Vranken Al:bs-M.; Henry Zobles 2Z:10.s:0(7; Robert Mc- 
Gurchy 2h^s-M; James McGurchy 0/:9s:0cZ ; Hugh Lenox 33/:0s:0(Z; 
James McGurchy 2/:0s:6tZ; Peter McGibbons l/:7s:0f/; James Boyd 23^:- 
{)s-M ; William Martin 2Z:0s:6r7 ; James Angus 7/:3s:0(/ ; John Tingue 
Ol:Qs-M; Tennis Slingerlandt IhlOs-.^d ; John Fryer 3/:14s:0<?; Jacob 
Fryer 2l:\0s:M; John Taylor 2l:lls:Qd; Matthew Watson ^l:Os:M; 
Joseph Welch GZ:15s:0(?; James Eckerson ll:'^s:Qd. 

Also, the following ace"' . Charles R.Webster 9Z:0s:0(Z; James Elliott, 
for 6 m". Salary 9Z:0s:0f/; James Smith ll:\s:M ; Volkert Dawson 9Z:0s:0rf; 
Eli Arnold \l:\Qs-S)d ; Jellis Winne lZ:12s:9|(^; John Mentline l/:Os:0(Z; 
Hugh Lenox 2/:13s:GfZ; Philip Hoffman 0Z:10s:0fZ; John Heath 5/:0s:2(?; 
3ohn Bleeckcr 20/:10:0(/j Peter McHarg 2U.<ds-M ; James Gifi'ord 33Z- 
15s:0f/; Robert Lansing ll-As:^d; Daniel Winne 46/:7s:6(/; Joseph Yates 
0Z:8s:5fZ; William Norton 0Z:12s:0rZ; Jellis Fonda l/:16s:0(/; John Batch- 
elor l/:15.s:0(Z; John N. Bleekcr dl-.Qs-.M; Alexander McDonald ll:\\s:Qd; 
Duncan Farguson 13/:4s:U; Maus R. van Vranken (ihlbs-.dd ; Benjamin 
Goewy l^:Os:0(Z; Edward Davis 0Z:10s:0c7; Charles Gordon QtAs-M; 



Jolm J. Beekman, Mayor. 261 

Guysbert Van Schoonhoven 12?:8s:0c?; Greorge Guise 22^:5s:3f?; Barent 
Bogert U-.Qs-M. 

Resolved that Assistants Leonard Gansevoort Jun^, Lansing & Wendell 
be a Committee to Revise the Ordinance for Regulating the Ferry. 

Resolved that Matthew Visscher Esqr Revise all the Ordinances, and 
that a Report thereof be made with all Dispatch. 



1786. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, the 

16ii' January, 1786 — Present John Ja. Beekman Esqr, Mayor, Leonard 

Gansevoort Esqr, Recorder, Robert McClallen, Philip V. Rensselaer, 

Peter W. Douw, Esqrs, Aldermen, Leonard Gansevoort Junr, John W. 

Wendell, Jellis Winne, Matthew Visscher, Assistants. 

Resolved that Peter Sharp and Gerrit G. Mercelis be and they are 
hereby appointed Chimney Viewers for the Second ward, in the Room & 
Stead of John P. Pruyn and Thomas L. Wittbeck. 

Resolved that Matthew Visscher and Leonard Gansevoort Junr be 
requested forthwith to proceed forthwith to Perpetuate the Testimony of 
John D. Peyster Esqr, Respecting the Indian Deed of Fort Hunter 
Flatts. 

Resolved that Cornells van Schaack be appointed Bell Ringer for 12 
and 8 oClock, in the Room and Stead of John I. Redlif, and that he be 
allowed the Same pay which was allowed to Redlief. 

Whereas the Corporation of this City, some time in the year 1772, did 
Grant an order on their Chamberlain in favour of John Roerbach for 
£16:1:4, which Order was by the said Roerbach assigned to Abraham 
Vates Junr Esqr, as Treasurer of the Fire Company, and it has been 
Suggested that the said order has been lost by Fire ; Therefore 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain for the 
said Sixteen Pounds one Shilling and four pence, and that the same 
be made payable to the said Abraham Yates Jun'", as Treasurer to the 
said Company. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, to pay to 
James Elliott, the sum of nine pounds. 

City Hall, Albany, 2'"i Febry, 1786. 

The Committee appointed to Revise tl^e Ordinance for Regulating the 
Ferry, Reported amendments thereto, which being Read and amended, 
were agreed to and are in the following words, to wit : 

For transporting every person across said Ferry two Coppers, provided 
that a sucking Child or some remnants of Goods or other things not 
herein after Rated, which a Person carries in his or her arms, be free 
from paying Ferriage. 

A Man and Horse, Ox or Cow, Nine Pence. 

A Calf or Hogg, Two Coppers; a Sheep or Lamb, Two Coppers. 

For every Waggon and two Horses, together with its Loading, provided 
the same remains on the waggon, Two Shillings. 

For every Team, Cart or Waggon, drawn by Four Horses or Oxen, 



262 The City Records, 1786. 

with or without Loading, Three Shillings, and Six pence for every Ox 
or Horse above that Number, and so in a less propotion. 

For every Chaise or Chair k Horse, one Shillings and Six pence. 

For every full Chest or Trunk, four Coppers; For every Empty Chest 
or Trunk, two Coppers; For every Barril of Rum, Sugar, Mollasses or 
other full Barril, Four Coppers. 

And Be it further ordained by the Authority aforesaid, that the Pro- 
piators of the Stage plying between the City of Alb>" and New York, 
with the Baggage and Passengers in the Said stage, shall for every time 
the same be transported a Cross the said Ferry, pay the sum of Two 
Shillings, and if the Ferryman or Ferry Men shall Neglect or Refuse 
to transport the said Stages in preferrenee to any other Carriage what- 
ever, whether the same be by night or day, the said Ferryman or Ferry- 
men shall forfeit and pay the sum of Forty Shillings. 

And be it further ordained by the Authority aforesaid, that if the said 
Ferry Man or Ferry men shall neglect or Refuse to transport a Cross the 
said Ferry auy Person or Persons or any article or thing whatsoever, He 
or they shall forfeit and pay for every such Offence, the sum of . 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts (to wit): To Cuyler and Gansevoort ll:12s'.Qd; John 
Ten Broeck Esqr 2/:3s:0(Z; Matthew Watson 2,h\Qs\l d ; Cuyler & Ganse- 
voort 16/:15s:0f7; Jellis Winne \2l:2s:lld. 

Resolved that this Board, from the engagement made last year with 
Baltis van Benthuysen, conceive themselves in Honour Bound to Give 
the said Baltis van Benthuysen the preemption of the Ferry Leading to 
Green Bush for the ensuing year ; the Question hereon being put, was 
carryed in the following manner : 

For the affirmative — Aldermen McClallen, v. Rensselaer, Ass's Cuyler, 
Wendell, Lansing, Visscher, Gansevoort Junr — 7. 

For the Negative — Aldermen Hun, Ten Broeck — 2. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to Deliver to 
each of the watchmen, to Jonathan Brooks and Thomas Seger, three 
Bushels of wheat. 

Resolved that Messrs. Cuyler, Visscher and Gansevoort Junr, be a Com- 
mittee to see what Lots on the Hill have been sold by the Board, and for 
which no Deeds have been executed, and that the said Committee also 
enquire Respecting a Road or Gang way Commonly Called the Rounde- 
gang, and Report thereon. 

City Hall, Albany, 7"> Feb-'y, 1786. 

The Committee appointed to examine what Persons had purchased 
Lands from this Board and who had not taken Deeds for the Same Re- 
ported, that Guysbert Mercellis, Volkert P. Douw, John van Alen, David 
Smith, Samuel Stringer, Philip Wendell, Paul Hoghstrasser, Henry I. Bo- 
gert, Philip Cuyler, John Rolf and John Scott had Respectively no Deeds. 

Resolved that the Same Committee Call on the several Persons Above 
mentioned, and demand from them the Consideration Money and tender 
them Deeds, and if the said Persons should Refuse to pay the same, that 
then the said Committee demand an immediate Surrender. 

Ptesolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to Deliver 
the following Quantities of Grain, and to Charge the same to the Respec- 



John J. Beekman, Mayor. 263 

tive accounts of the following Persons : James Elliott, Three Bushels 
wheat and three B^ pease; Volkert Dawson, three Bushels of wheat- 
Cornells van Deusen, for the Bull, 6 Bushel pease; David Bottery three 
Bushels wheat and three Bushels of Pease. 

City Hall, Albany, 27''' February, 1786. 

Pursuant to Notice, the several Docks belonging to this City were sold 
at Public Vendue for the Term of One Year, to Peter Sharp, for the 
Sum of one Hundred and forty Pounds, being the Highest Sum that 
was bid for the Same. 

Besolved that a Committee be appointed to inspect the Books, papers 
and accounts of this Board in the hands of the Chamberlain ; that the said 
Committee have full Power to Call upon all Person or persons who are in- 
debted to this Board to make a Settlement of the Debts due to this Board 
and if Necessary to bring Suits in the Name of this Board for monies 
Due ; to make an estimate of the Debts due and Owing to this Board 
and of such Debts as are Owing by this Board by Bond, account or Oth- 
erwise, and to lleport by monday next; the Committee appointed for this 
purpose. Assistants Lansing and Gransevoort Junr, 

Besolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to Deliver 
James Elliott Six Bushel of wheat. 

City Hall, Albany, I'^t day of March, 1786. 

The Board this day Leased the Ferry leading to Green Bush to Mr. 
Baltis van Benthuysen for the Term of one Year, for the sum of one 
Hundred and Sixty Pounds, in Quarterly payments; that he Enters into 
Lease with Covenants that he will observe the Ordinance, and in Case the 
Rates of Ferriage are either encreased or Decreased, that then the Rent 
shall be Rated accordingly. 

That the said Baltis van Benthuysen also enter into Bond with Secu- 
rity, to perform to the Covenants to be contain d in the said Lease. 

Ordered that the Consideration of the Petition of the inhabitants of 
this City, praying an exchange of Property near the Mile Stone, be pos- 
poued till the Season will admit of a view of the Ground. 

Resolved that the Five Mile House on the Schenectady Road be Leased 
for the Term of Twenty Years. Alderman Rensselaer offerd to take the 
same at the Rate of £25 ^ Year, in behalf of Mrs. Woodworth. 

Pursuant to the Covenant contained in the Lease to James Ricke and 
by Him assigned to Robert Henry, the Board appointed Messrs. Gerrit 
Visscher, Peter Sharp and Jonathan Brooks to appraise the Buildin^-s 
commonly Called the five Mile House ; that the said Gentlemen also 
report such Reparations as are Necessary. 

City Hall, Albany, 18"' March, 1786. 

APetition of the Minister, Elders & Deacons of the Lutherian Church, 
praying Liberty to Collect monies from the Benevolent in this City, for 
the purpose of Building a House of Worship, was Read ; Thereupon 

Resolved that the Clerk be directed to Inform the said Minister that 
the Board have no objection to their setting on foot a Subscription for 
the Purpose in their Petition Mentioned, and that in Case it should be 
Necessary, His Worship the Mayor will grant a Certificate to that End. 



264 Tlie City Records, 1786. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of John Hall, for two Pounds nine shillings and six pence. 

Resolved that Messrs. Glansevoort Junr and Lansing be a Committee to 
State and adjust the accounts of this Board, and that the Faith of the 
Corporation be pledged that the said Committee will Receive a Reasona- 
ble Compensation for their Trouble. 

Resolved that Mr. Jellis Winne be Directed imediately to Open the 
water Run leading from the Lott of Robert Lansing through the south 
Pier of the Lower Dock, and Close up that Leading the north Pier of 
s'l Dock. 

Resolved that John Ostrander be Directed to Deliver to James Elliott 
all the Public Lamps in his Custody. 

Resolved that the Committee of accounts be directed to Call upon per- 
sons having Claims on this Board, to Bring in the same within a Certain 
Day to be by them Fixed ; that they appropriate such a Quantity of Wheat 
among them as is in the hands of the Chamberlain (Except Three Hun- 
dred Skipples), that they thereby discharge the Smaller accounts and 
pay the Larger ones in part, and in such Proportion as they may conceive 
Just and Equitable, and that they Charge the Same at six Shillings and 
Six pence "^ Bushel. 

A Petition of David Gibson was Read and Riffered to the Committee 
of accounts. 

An ace' of Henry van Wie was allowed and Ordered to be paid. 

Messrs. John R. Blocker, Heni-y Bogert and Gerrit Groesbeck, the 
Gentlemen appointed to asscertain the Difference in Exchange of the 
Lots between this Board and Mr. James Bloodgood, Report the Differ- 
ence to be £9:18:0 in favour of Mr. Bloodgood. 

Ordered that the Chamberlain pay the same, and that the Deeds of 
Exchange be imediately drawn and Executed. 

Mr. Cornelius Cuyler, one of the assistants of the second ward, having 
Removed from Town, Ordered that an Election in the said ward be held 
on Wensday next, at the usual place of Election, and that the usual no- 
tice be Given for the purpose. 

City Hall, Albany, 21^^ March, 1786. 

The Committee of accounts Reported that the following accounts 
Ought to be allowed, and that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamber- 
lain accordingly : To Glen and Bleeker 0/:18s:0fZ; John Mailey, to be p^^ 
in wheat, 2^:12s:9|fZ ; Charles Newman Ohl^s-.Od ; James Fonda 13/:0s:0f/; 
Jacob van Loon 3^:18s:6c7; Samuel Morril \U-As:Qd; Robert Henry 32?:- 
IQs-M; Philip Elsworth 0/:18s:0(?; Jellis Winne ll:Qs-M. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain do without delay furnish Mr Cornells 
van Deusen with one half Load of Hay for the use of the Town Bull. 

Whereas, it has been represented to this Board, that their Orders and 
Drafts are attempted to be depreciated and purchased for less than their 
Real Value ; Therefore 

Resolved that this Board will Settle and pay all allowed accounts 
against them, and all their orders and Drafts on the Chamberlain to the 
full amount of such accounts, orders and Drafts. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain be Authorized and Directed to furnish 
Messrs. Leonard Gansevoort and Jacob Ja. Lansing, the Committee of 



Jolm J. Beehman, Mayor. 265 

accounts, with all such Books of accounts, papers and Deeds as they may 
think proper and Necessary, in order to their Stating and arrangeing the 
accounts of this Board, he taking their Receipt for the Same. 

Resolved that Alderman Yates and Alderman Rensselaer be the Com- 
mittee appointed to open the Road through the Lutherian Burrying 
Ground. 

City Hall, Albany, 27t" March, 1786. 

Alderman Van Rensselaer returned the Poll held in the Second Ward 
for the Election of an assistant in the said Ward, in the Room of Corne- 
lius Cuyler who is Removed from this City, from which it appears that 
Mr. Richard Lush is Duly elected. 

M''. Lush appeared in Common Council and was duly Sworn to the 
execution of his said Office. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Stevenson, Douw & Ten Eyck, for £11:5:0. 

Resolved that the Mayor be requested not to grant any Licence to Cart- 
men, unless they first enter into Recognizance for the faithful perform- 
ance of the Trust Reposed in them. 

Resolved that Alderman Ten Broeck and assistant Winne be a Com- 
mittee to Superintend the Addition ordered to be made to the North end 
of the Market House. 

City Hall, Albany, 8th April, 1786. 

Resolved that any Creditor of this Board who shall produce an account 
Current, and the Ballance of Such account. Certified by the Committee 
of accounts appointed by this Board, shall be entitled to a Bond from 
this Board, if such sum shall exceed £25 ; and if under, then a Sealed 
note, bearing Lawfull Intrest; provided such ace'. Current, Bond or note 
shall be formed and drawn at the expence of the persons applying. 

Resolved that William McKown have Leave at his own expence to build 
a Barn on the Lott at the five mile house, and at the expiration of his 
Lease, the same be apprized by three persons to be appointed for the pur- 
pose, the amount of which shall . be paid by the Board to the said Mc- 
Kown, and that a Clause for that purpose be inserted iu his Lease. 

Resolved that the said McKown be at liberty to make Repairs to the 
five mile house to the amount of Twenty five pounds, and that from the 
time he advances the same, he be allowed Intrest until the like sum 
becomes due for rent. 

Resolved that upon a Certificate of the Committee of accounts, the 
Clerk be authorized to Draw an order on the Chamberlain for the pay- 
ment of Such Sum or Sums of money as the said Committee shall Certify 
to be due upon any accounts exhibited to them. 

Resolved that a Committee of Six be appointed to go round this City 
and its Vicinity, with the Subscription list for the Academy ; the Com- 
mittee appointed were Aldermen Tea Broeck, McClallen and van Rensse- 
laer, and assistants Lush, Wendell and Gausevoort Junr. 

City Hall, Albany, 15"' April, 1786. 
Resolved that the Chamberlain issue three Bushels of Pease to Corne- 
lis van Deusen, for the use of the City Bull. 
Hist. Coll a. 34 



266 The City Records, 1786. 

City Hall, Albany, 18"' May, 1786. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay Cor- 
nells van Deusen, Arent van Deusen and Jacob van Loon, Each the Sum 
of Twenty Shillings for their Services in picking up Nails, &c., after the 
Destruction of the Barracks by fire. Also, to pay James Food the Sum 
of two pounds twelve shillings and six pence, for taking up and Remov- 
ing the Dead Bodies out of the Lutherian Burrying ground, taken in 
for the Street; the said Suut to be paid in Wheat. 

3D. Mayor laid before the Board a Resolution of the Commissioners 
of the Land Office of the lOt'i May Ins', assigning the seccond Teusday 
in October next, for Hearing the Claim of this Board Respecting the 
Lands at Fort Hunter ; Therefore 

Resolved that Mr. Recorder, Alderman Hun, Assistants Visscher and 
Lush be a Committee to Report what Steps are Necessary to be taken by 
this Board to assert their Right to the said Lands ; and that the said 
Committee be empowered to employ such and so many Council as they 
shall concieve proper; and further, that the said Committee Report with- 
out Delay. 

A Petition of the Trustees of the Lutherian Church, praying a Quan- 
tity of Stone for the Foundation of their Church ; Thereupon 

Resolved that the said Trustees be permitted to take from such part of 
the Fort as Aldermen Rensselaer & Yates and Mr. Lush shall assign and 
direct. One Hundred and fifty Loads of Stone, they first entering into 
Bond for a Return of a like Quantity and of like Quality on or before 
the first day of April next. 

A Petition of Joseph Caldwell of this City was Read, and Thereupon 

Resolved that although the Board approve of Mr. Caldwells plan, yet 
as the finances of the Board are not in a Situation to Build the adition 
to the Market House in the manner proposed, the prayer of the Petition 
Cannot be Granted. 

A Petition of Samuel Betty, praying a Small Lot of Ground back of 
the Fort for the use of Building a House for the Residence of himself 
& family. 

Resolved that the Aldermen and assistants of the Second ward be 
Directed to assign a Spot of Ground for the purpose, and under such 
Restrictions and reservations as they shall think proper. 

Whereas this Board have Received information that a Small Hutt has 
been Built without consent, near the place where the Barracks stood, 
by some Person or Persons unknown, who keep a Riotous and Disorderly 
House; Therefore 

Resolved that the Possesors thereof do, on or before Wednesday next, 
take down and Remove the same, or that this Board will Order the same 
to be pulled down by the Constables of the City. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay to 
James Elliott, Four Pounds Ten Shillings for a Quarter of a Years Salary 
as Marshall. 

Resolved that Aldermen Rensselaer and Yates and assistants Visscher 
& Gansevoort Junr, be a Committee to Cause such Bridge to be made a 
Cross the Rutten Kill by the Lutherian Burrying Ground as they may 
think proper. 



John J. Beekman, Mayor. 267 

City Hall, Albany, 19'i' June, 1786. 

A Petition signed by a Number of the Inhabitants of the Seccond 
Ward was laid before the Board, praying that an order may be made for 
Repairing the Pumps and Cleaning the Cisterns in the said Ward ; 

Resolved that the Prayer of the said Petition be Granted, and that it 
be Ptecomended to the Aldermen and assistants of the Seccond Ward to 
Carry the Same immediately into execution. 

A Petition of Isaac Slingerlandt, praying for Leave to possess a Tract 
of Land belonging to this Board at Schatchtikook ; 

Resolved that the Consideration of the prayer of the said Petition be 
postponed until the Board shall Convene at Schatchtikook. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain Charge the Wheat Delivered to the 
Creditors of the Corporation at Six Shillings ^ Bushell. 

Resolved that a new well be made without delay in the first ward, be- 
tween the Houses of John A. Lansing and Robert Hilton, under the 
superintendence and Direction of the Aldermen of said ward, and that 
they may convert of the Stone of the Fort and if necessary of the Bar- 
racks for that purpose. 

Resolved that the Aldermen & assistants of the several wards do 
inspect the several Wells and Pumps in this City, and that they Cause 
the old ones to be Repaired and such new ones to be constructed as they 
shall deem Necessary. 

City Hall, Albany, 24''' June, 1786. 

His Worship the Mayor laid before the Board a Petition of Harme 
G-ansevoort, Peter Gansevoort and Others, Complaining that a Nuisance, 
consisting of a Large Pile of Boards and Plank, has been errected in the 
midle of the Street on the South of the Market House; Therefore 

Resolved that the Boards and Plank mentioned in the foregoing Peti- 
tion be immediately Removed out of the Street by the Owner of the said 
Boards & Plank, and that a Coppy of the preceding Resolution be served 
on Doctor Samuel Stringer. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Cornells van Deusen, for two pounds nineteen shillings, being in full 
for tending the Publick Bull. 

Whereas, the following Ordinances having expired the 17"' Instant, 

Resolved that the same be and are hereby Revived and Continued for 
the Term one year next ensuing : 

1. An Ordinance for Regulating the Ferry between Albany and Green 
Bush and for establishing the Rates thereof. 

2. An ordinance for paving and Cleaning the Streets, &c., and pi'event- 
ing Nuisances in the City of Albany. 

3. An ordinance for Regulating the lying of Vessells at the Several 
Docks and wharfs of this City and ascertaining the Rates for the same. 

4. An Ordinance for Regulating Carts and Carmen in the City of 
Albany. 

5. An Ordinance for Regulating the Public Marketts in the City of 
Albany, 

6. An Ordinance against the Profanation of the Lords day. 

7. An Ordinance for the better securing the City of Albany from the 
Danger of Gun Powder. 



268 TJie City Records, 1786. 

8. An Ordinance for Regulating Negroes, Mollatoes and other Slaves 
in, the City of Albany. 

9. An Ordinance for the better preventing of Fire in the City of 
Albany. 

10. An Ordinance for the Marking of Bread. 

11. An Ordinance to prevent accidents by fast and immoderate Riding. 

12. An Ordinance to prevent Raffling in the City of Albany. 

13. An Ordinance for Regulating Tavern Keepers in the City of 
Albany. 

14. An Ordinance for Regulating the Office of Chamberlain or Trea- 
surer of the City of Albany. 

15. An Ordinance for a Sworn Surveyor of the City of Albany. 

16. An Ordinance for Regulating Midwives in the City of Albany. 

17. An Ordinance for prohibiting Hawkers and Pedlers in the City of 
Albany. 

18. An Ordinance for Regulating Fences in the City of Albany. 

City Hall, Albany, 1 July, 1786. 

Mr. Bareut H. Ten P]yck complained to the Board that he was Ordered 
to pave the street where he had a public Drain amended last year ; 
that as the said Drain is of Equal Utility to Other Persons in the Neigh- 
bourhood, they Ought to aid and assist him in said Pavement : 

Resolved that Mr. Ten Eyck do without delay make or cause to be 
made the Pavement aforesaid, as far as the said Drain was taken up, in 
such manner and form as any one of the Aldermen of the First ward 
shall order and Direct, and that each person whose private drain Com- 
municates with the said Public Drain shall bear and pay a Porportionable 
part of the Cost and expeuce of such pavement. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Lucas van Veghten for £2:3:2. 

City Hall, Albany, 3 July, 1786. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of John Foster, for Sixteen Shillings; also, to William McFarland for 
£0:18:0. 

A Petition of Baltis van Benthuysen was laid before the Board, pray- 
ing to Baild a House at the Ferry according to the Dimentions set forth 
in his said Petition; 

Resolved Alderman Rensselaer & assistants Winne & Wendell be a 
Committee upon the Subject of said Petition. 

City Hall, Albany, 15ti' July, 1786. 

Mr. Visscher laid before the Board an account of Messrs. Cuyler & 
G-ansevoort, Liquidated by the Committee of Accounts, amounting to 
£72:1:10J. 

Resolved that a Bond be executed to the above persons for the above 
Sum, bearing Lawfull Intrest from the 29t'' day of June last; that His 
Worship the Mayor Sign the same, and that the City Seal be thereto 
affixed, and that the accounts be Delivered to the Chamberlain, and an 
Entry be made of this Transaction in His Books. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 



John J. Beehnan, Mayor. 269 

following acc's (to wit) : To Henry van Wie, for Cleaning the Council 
Koom £1:8:6; William Shepherd £3:2:0 ; Henry van \A^ie £1:16:0 ; the 
above to be paid in wheat. To Henry Redlif, for attending the City 
Watch from 1 January, 1786, to last of June following. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to Deliver 
Jacob Bloomendall & Nicholas Redliff Each six Skiples of Wheat on 
account; also an order in favour of Jonathan Brooks for three Pounds, 
in Wheat, and also, in favour of Thomas Gilford and AVilliam Kirkland 
each Twenty Bushels of wheat. 

Resolved that Alderman McClallen and assistant Wendell do without 
delay cause a Stone Arch Drain to be made, of four feet wide and three 
feet high, to the South of the City Hall and from the West end thereof 
to the River. 

Resolved that the 22"ii Instant, being the Jubilee of the Charter of 
this City, be commemorated By a Public Feast in the City Hall ; that a 
Committee of five be appointed to procure the Materials Necessary and to 
Regulate the Same ; the Committe appointed were, Aldermen Rensselaer 
& Yates and assistants Wendell, Lush and Winne. 

The Committee appointed on the Petition of Baltis van Benthuysen, 
relating the House at the Ferry, Report as follows: 

The House to be Fifty feet by forty, of Two Stories high, viz' : The 
Lower Stories 10 feet High, the Upper an attick Story of 7 feet high ; 
4 Rooms on each Floor; a Pitch Roof; 4 Stacks of Chimneys at the 
Gavel Ends; To be a Board Building, filled in with Brick. Carpenters 
and Masons to be allowed Six Shillings '^ Diem and Labourers three 
Shillings "'^ Diem, and Each Six pence "^ Day for Liquor. The Work 
to be all in the plainest manner. The Foundation to be Laid on the 
Ground. The Whole to be done under the superintendence of such per- 
sons as shall be thereto appointed by this Board; the Whole to be com- 
pleated in a Twelve Month, with a Piazza to be in the Front. 

All the expence attending this Building to be advanced by Mr. B. van 
Benthuysen and He to Reimburse himself from the Rent of the Ferry, 
at the Rate of one Hundred and Thirty Six pounds "^ Annum. 

Resolved that this Board do approve of the above Report, and do 
appoint Leonard Gansevoort Esqr, Recorder, Alderman Yates and assist- 
ant Lush to superintend the said Building, and that Mr. Van Benthuysen 
previous to his Beginning said work, Enter into Articles with this Board 
for the true performance thereof. 

City Hall, Albany, 18"^ July, 1786. 

The Committee to whom was Referred the Mode of Celebrating the 
22"«' day of July Instant, Being the Century aniversary of this City, do 
Report, that in their Opinion, The Common Council Convene in the fore- 
noon of that day, at Ten oClock, at the City Hall, and from thence pro- 
ceed in procession to the Hill westward of the City, attended by such 
Citizens as shall Chuse ; That during the Procession all the Bells of the 
several Churches in this City shall Ring, and at the arrival at the place 
assigned for the Purpose on the Hill, Thirteen Toasts and one for the 
Charter, under the Discharge of Fourteen Cannon. 

Resolved that the former Committee be a Committee to prepare and 
superintend the said Business, who are to purchase a Barril of Good 
Spirits for the purpose. 



270 llie City Records, 1786. 

That the Order of Procession be as follows, viz' : 

1. The High Sheriff. 

2. The Under Sheriffs. 

3. The Constables with their Staffs. 

4. The Mayor and Recorder. 

5. The Aldermen. 

6. The Common Council. 

7. The Chamberlain and Clerks. 

8. The Marshal. 

9. The Corporations of the several Churches. 

10. The Judges of the several Courts. 

11. The Justices of the Peace. 

12. The Members of the Legislature & Attorneys at Law. 

13. The MiHtie Officers. 

14. The Engine & Fire Company. 

15. The Citizens at Large. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain Call on the Ferry men for one Quarter 
of a Years Rent for the Ferry. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay to Jellis Winne the amount of his 
ace', for three Ladders. 

Resolved that the expences of Celebrating the 22'"' Instant be paid 
by the Chamberlain or by the Mayor. 

Resolved that the members of this Board have a Supper at Mr. Lewis 
Tavern at 6 oClock in the afternoon of the 22 Instant, to be paid as 
aforesaid. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of James Elliott, for Four pounds ten shillings. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Duncan Ferguson, for seven B^ wheat on acC ; also, in favour of John 
Spier for £2:12 in wheat; also, to Samuel Beaty & Thomas Hinds Each 
four Bushel of Wheat. 

City Hall, Albany, 27'!' July, 1786. 

On application of Leonard Gransevoort Esqr, for the Ground in the 
Rear of his Lot in the first ward of this City, so as to Range with the 
Lot of Miss Douws ; 

Resolved that Mr. Gansevoort have the Ground and that he pay for the 
same the sum of Seven Pounds, and that a deed be executed for the same. 
Signed by His Worship the Mayor, and that the City seal be thereto 
afiixed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Abraham Veeder for £12:4:0, and One in favour of Killian Winne 
for £1:4:6, and one in favour of Jellis Winne for £3:12:0, to be paid in 
wheat. 

Resolved that the Clerk Provide a proper Bound Book to Keep the 
Minutes of this Board, and that all the Rough Minutes since the Revo- 
lution be fairly Transcribed in the said Book, and that the said Book be 
Brought into the Common Council at every further Meeting. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following acc'-^ : To Richard Lush for £8:8:0 ; Alexander McDonald for 
Eight Bushels of wheat ; To John Wilkison for four Bushels. 



Jolm J. Beehnaiiy Mayor. 271 

Kesolved that the account of William Kirkland £13:12:10 be allowed, 
and the Ballance of £7:12:10 be paid in wheat. Also, the account of 
Thomas Clifford of £15:18:3 be allowed, and the Ballance of £9:18:3 be 
paid in Wheat. Also, the account of Peter Hilton of £4:1:0 be paid in 
Wheat. 

Resolved that M''. Recorder, Aldermen van Rensselaer and Ten Broeck, 
and assistant Wendell, be a Committee to draw up Rules for the Estab- 
lishment of an Accademy in the City, and Report with all Convenient 
Speed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay 
John Murphy £1:12:0 in wheat. 

A Petition of Henry Ten Eyck Esq^ praying- for a Lease for a piece 
of Ground adjoyning the Lutherian Burying Ground, in the Seccond 
Ward, was Read ; 

Resolved that the members of the Seccond ward be a Committee to 
View the Ground and make Report thereof without delay. 

City Hall, Albany, T'l' August, 1786. 

Resolved that the Butchers be informed that they are not in future to 
Kill any Cattle, Calves, sheep or Lambs Within the Limitts of this City. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following persons their Respective accounts, ^iz' : To William Dale £6:1:3; 
James Millicar £4:0:0; John Crumb £6:6:3 ; Robert McGurchy £5:6:3 : 
Peter McHarg £4:0:0 ; Roger Bready £1:7:6. 

Resolved that the Money due to this Board from Volkert A. Douw, 
when Recovered, be applied to the payment of the Debt due to James 
Bloodgood. 

City Hall, Albany, llti. Augt, 1786. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain, in favour of 
the following persons for the Ballance of their accounts, viz' : To Jellis 
Winne for £1:11:6; Daniel Winue £8:15:0; Do. £2:15:0; Ten Eyck 
& Lansing £0:7:0; Volkert A. Douw £0:7:0. 

A Petition Signed by Henry Moller, Lutherian Minister, for and in 
the Name of the Trustees of the Lutherian Church, was presented to the 
Board and Read, praying for a narrow strip of vacant Ground lying in 
Washington Street, between the Lutherian Church & the Creek, where- 
upon it was moved by M^ Recorder which was seconded by M^. Lush, 
that the said Petition should lie on the Table. M'. Yates then moved 
as an amendment to the said Motion, which was Secconded by M^. Rens- 
selaer, that a Committee should be appointed to view the Ground Peti- 
tioned for and make Report, which Motion was Carryed in the Negative, 
as follows, vizt : 

Motion — Affirmative — Aldermen Yates, van Rensselaer, McClallen, 
assis' Wendell. 

Negative — M^. Recorder, Aldermen Hun, Ten Broeck, assists Lush, 
Lansing, Gansevoort Jun^. 

Resolved that an account of Thomas Barry be allowed, and that his 
worship the Mayor pay the same, as also an account of Thomas Seeger, 
amounting to one pound twelve Shillings. 



272 Vie City Records, 1786. 

City Hall, Albany, 26tii August, 1786. 
Eesolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Charaberlain to pay the 
following persons, vizt : To Arent van Deusen £12:4:0 ; Jacob van Loon 
£12:4:0; Cornells van Deusen £12:4:0; Rykert van Sante £8:6:0. 

Resolved that the Members of the Seccond ward immidiately EiFect an 
Exchange with M''^. Visseher for the Lot of Ground lying in the said 
Ward, and which by a former Resolution of this Board, was deemed 
necessary for a street. 

City Hall, Albany, 31 August, 1786. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Robert Lansing, for the Ballance of his account, being £5:2:6. 

Resolved that the Committee appointed to accomplish an Exchange 
with M'^ Visseher, for her Lot of Ground lying in the Seccond Ward, 
be requested without delay to Compleat the same, and that they be au- 
thorized to Remove the stable now standing on the Lot to the ground 
she is to Receive in exchange, and furnish M"-^. Visseher with stone from 
the Fort to Raise Pillars to place the stable on. 

Resolved that the Road Masters be Authorized and Requested immi- 
diately to Call upon such of the Inhabitants of this City who have not 
worked out the full Number of Days at which they were assesed last 
year, and that they Repair such of the Roads about the City as want 
Repair, and in such manner as they shall deem Necessary. 

City Hall, Albany, 4ti» September, 1786. 

A Petition of M^ John Mercelius Jun^" and sixty four Others, setting 
orth that they concieve it will be highly Advantageous to the Citizens 
of this City, that the Street called Maiden Lane should be Continued 
through the Episcopal Burring Ground for that purpose, was presented; 

Resolved that the Members of the Second ward be a Committee to 
Carry the Prayer of the said Petition into Effect ; that in order thereto, 
they investigate the Claim of the Episcopal Church to the said Burrying 
Ground ; that if they find that they have a Title to the said Ground that 
they then Confer with the Vestry of said Church on the Subject of an 
exchange, and make a Report at the next meeting of this Board. 

Resolved that M''. Recorder have Leave to employ two Men to Dig 
away the Ground at the Fort, in Order to widen tbe street. 

City Hall, Albany, 15'i> September, 1786. 

Whereas, a Resolution of the Commissioners of the Land Office of this 
state, having som time since (to wit) the 18t'' May last, been served on 
this Board, assigning the Seccond Tuesday in October next as the Day 
for hearing the Claim of this Board to the Lands at Ticonderoge in the 
County of Montgomery, and the claims of Adam Putman and Others to 
the same Lands ; 

Resolved that Leonard Gansevoort Esq'', Matthew Visseher and Rich- 
ard Lush Esq"*, be a Committee to attend the said Commissioners at the 
time and place specified in said Resolution, on the Part and behalf of 
this Board, and that they furnish themselves with such Documents and 
papers as they Concieve necessary to Establish the Claim of this Board 
to the said Lands, and that they have power to employ Council to appear 
before the said Board for the purpose. 



John J. Beehnan, Maym\ 273 

Messrs. John N. Bleeker and Cornelius van Scliellujne, as a Committee 
of the Consistory of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in this City, 
presented to the Board a Petition Signed by E. Westerlo, Minister of the 
said Church, Setting forth that the Consistory of the said Church are 
willing to Contribute the Sum of one Hundred and Fifty Pounds, New 
York Currency, towards the maintainance and Support of the person 
who is intended by the Board as a Rector of the Accademy to be Erected 
in this City, on Condition that the said Rector shall, once on every Sun- 
day, preach for the said Congregation of the said Church in the English 
Language, and praying the Concurrance of this Board to the said 
proposal. 

Whereupon it was moved by Alderman Yates, secconded by Alderman 
McClallen, that the Consideration of the said proposal be postponed untill 
to morrow afternoon at three oClock, which motion passed in the Nega- 
tive, as follows : 

For the affirmative— Mr. Mayor, Mr. Yates, Mr. McClallen, Mr. 
Douw, Mr. Wendell. 

For the Negative — Mr. Recorder, Mr. Hun, Mr. Ten Broeck, Mr. 
Winne, Mr. Lansing, Mr. Gansevoort Jun''. 

Resolved that a Committee be appointed who, in Conjunction with a 
Committee to be appointed by the consistory of the Reformed Protestant 
Dutch Church in this City, and be empowered to treat with Mr. Wilson, 
at present of the State of New Jersey, to take upon himself the Office of 
President of the academy to be established in this City, agi-eeable to the 
Regulations laid down by this Board for the Institution of the said acad- 
emy, and they may agree, on the part of this Board, to pay him One 
Hundred and fifty Pounds ^ anum, and that he may be at Liberty to 
Contract with the said Consistory to Officiate as a minister in the Church, 
and that Leonard Gansevoort Esq'' and Mathew Visscher & Richard Lush 
Esqrs, be a Committee for that purpose. 

Resolved that the words (with the advice k approbation of the Trus- 
tees) be struck out of the Seventh Generall Rule for Regulating the 
academy. 

The Board resumed the Consideration of the Petition presented the 
lli'i August last, of Henry Muller, Minister of the Lutherian Church, 
whereupon it was 

Resolved that the said Trustees of the Lutherian Church shall, whenever 
the Ground petitioned for is sold or disposed of, have the Refusal thereof. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
of Jacob Bloomendal for £5:8:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 28th September, 1786. 

Resolved that a Deed be executed to Jacob van Schaick for a piece of 
Ground in the Rear of his Lot, in the third ward of this City; that his 
worship the Mayor Sign the same, and that the City Seal be thereto 
affixed. 

Resolved that there be an additional Constable elected in Each of the 
Respective Wards of this City. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall, in the City of Albany, 
the 29"' September, 1786 — Present John J. Beekman Esq'', Mayor, 
Hist. Coll a. 35 



274 ~2'he City Records, 1786. 

Leonard Ganscvoort Esq'', Recorder, Robert McClallen, Peter W. 

Yates, Thomas Hun, Peter W. Douw, Philip van Rensselaer, John 

Ten Broeck, Esq'% Aldermen, Jellis Winne, Leonard Gausevoort Junr, 

Richard Lush, Jacob Ja. Lansing, John W. Wendell, Assistants. 

This being the Day appointed by Charter, for the Election of Two 

Aldermen, Two assistants and Two Constables in each of the Respective 

Wards of this City, the Polls of the Election being returned, from which 

it appeared that the following persons were duly Elected : 

First Ward — Robert McClallen, John Price, Esqrs, Aldermen; John 
W.Wendell, Matthew Visscher, Esqrs, Assistants; Jacob Kidney, David 
Gibson, Constables. 

The Seccond Ward — Peter W. Douw, Henry Ten Eyck, Esqrs, Alder- 
men; Richard Lush, Hunlock Woodruff, Esqrs, Assistants; Donald Mc- 
Donald, John Ostrander, Constables. 

The Third Ward — Thomas Hun, Leonard Gansevoort Jun^, Esqrs, 
Aldermen; Jellis Winne, Elbert Willet, Esqrs, Assistants; Peter Obryan, 
Isaac Cady, Constables. 

The Board then proceeded to the appointment of Chamberlain and 
Marshal, and appointed Ebert Willet Esq"", Chamberlain, James Elliott, 
Marshal. 

City Hall, Albany, 2'"' October, 1786. 
Assistant Lush, who was appointed as one of the Committee to attend the 
Commissioners of the Land Office at New York, having assigned Reasons 
to this Board for his not being able to go on that Bussiness, and Mr. 
Visscher being indisposed. Resolved that Mr. Recorder and Jacob Ja. 
Lansing be the Committee to go down to New York, with full power to 
transact that Bussiness. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts (to wit) : To John W. Wendell £1:3:10 ; John Croumb 
£8:17:7; James McKouwn £12:4:0; William Deal £2:12:3; Roger 
Bready £2:1:6; Nicholas Redliff £9:1:0 ; Thomas Hains £10:6:9; Henry 
Quackenboss £6:0:0; John McHarg £8:3:8; Thomas Hains £6:4:10=1 ; 
Samuel Betty £6:17:3; James Millikan £6:3:6; Robert McClallen £12:- 
0:4; Elisha Crane £4:19:4; John McKinstry £3:12:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 9ti' October, 1786. 

Resolved that the Aldermen of the first ward do, without delay, cause 
the Bridges and Roads in the first ward to be Repaired in the best man- 
ner, and that Mr. Jellis Winne do, without delay, inspect the several 
Docks or Wharfs of this City, and Cause the same to be Repaired. 

Resolved that for the Repairing the said Several Bridges, Docks and 
Whai'fs, the first wheat that may come into the Treasury be appropriated, 
and that the Clerk may draw Orders on the Chamberlain for that purpose. 

City Hall, Albany, 14'i' October, 1786. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following Accounts (to wit) : one in fovour of Peter W. Yates Esq'', for 
£12:11:1 ; 1 Do James Elliott £4:10:0; 1 D" Robert Lewis £32:3:3. 

This being the day appointed by the Charter, for the Quallification of 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 275 

the Members of the Corporation, The Worshipfull John Lansing Jun^, 
Esq--, produced a Commission, under the Great Seal of this State, dated 
the 29ti' day of September last, appointing him Mayor and Clerk of the 
Market of this City and Coroner of the City and County for the ensuing 
Year. John_ Ten Broeck Escf , also produced to the Board a Like Com° 
mission, bearing the same date, appointing him Sheriff of this City and 
County for the ensuing year, which said Commissions were Respectively 
Kead, and thereupon His Worship the Mayor and Mr. Sherrif were 
Bespectively sworn to the due execution of their severall Offices. 

The following Members and Other officers were also Sworn to the due 
execution of their liespective offices : 

For the First Ward — John Price Esqi", Alderman ; Matthew Visscher, 
John W. Wendell, Esq'-^, assistants; Jacob Kidney, David Gibson, Con- 
stables. 

For the Seccond Ward— Peter W. Douw, Henry Ten Eyck, Esq^^^ 
Aldermen ; Richard Lush, Hunloke Woodruff, Esq--^ Assistants. 

For the Third Ward— Leonard Gansevoort 3\m^, Alderman; Jellis 
Winne, Elbert Willet, Esq^"^, Assistants; Peter OBrian, Constable. 

Elbert Willett Esq^, Chamberlain; James Elliott, Marshall. 

City Hall, Albany, 16th October, 1786. 

Mr. Elbert Willet, the Chamberlain, proposed John Ten Broeck and 
Philip van Rensselaer, Esq'"^, as Security for his faithfull performance of 
the Office of Chamberlain, who were approved of by the Board. 

Resolved that the present Committee of accounts be discharged, and 
that Leonard Gansevoort Jun'- Esq'^, Matthew Visscher & Jellis Winne, 
Esqr*, be appointed in their stead for the ensuing Year, and that they or 
any two of them have power to act. 

Resolved that the said Committee examine the accounts of the late Cham- 
berlain and superintend the delivery of the Books, papers and accounts 
in his Hands to the Present Chamberlain. 

Resolved that Jacob Kidney be appointed High Constable for the 
ensuing Year. 

Isaac Cady, elected a Constable in the third ward, and Donald Mc- 
Donald, elected a Constable in the third ward, were Sworn to the execu- 
tion of their Offices. 

Resolved that the Aldermen and assistants of the Several wards in 
this City, Cause the wells and Pumps in their Respective wards, to be 
put in Repair, and that the expence attending the same be paid in pre- 
ference to any other accounts. 

City Hall, Albany, 25'!' October, 1786. 

Robert McClallen Esq"", one of the Aldermen elected for the first Ward 
of this City, appeared before the Board and was Qualified to the execu- 
tion of that office. 

Resolved that a Committee of three be appointed to superintend the 
Surveying the Lands of this Board at Schaghtekook ; that the said Com- 
mittee call upon all persons having papers in their Possession Respecting 
the Boundary of said Lands, and that they employ a Surveyor for the 
Purpose, and Cause the same to be compleated as soon as Possible ; that 



276 The City Records, 1786. 

when tlie said Sui'vey is compleated, the said Committee lay before this 
Board a Map of the said survey. The Committee Chosen for the Pur- 
pose are, Aldermen Ten Eyck and Gansevoort Jun^ and assistant 
Visscher. 

The Petition of Mr. Job Stafford and others, praying for the use of 
one of the City Lamps, was Head : 

Resolved that the said Job Stafford have the use of the public Lamps 
During the Pleasure of this Board, he Griving Security for the Return 
of the same when Demanded. 

Accounts of the Honb^e Robert Yates and Guysbert Merselis, and of 
Leonard Gansevoort and the said Guysbert Merselis, were Laid before the 
Board : ordered that they be Reffered to the Committee of accounts. 

Resolved that a Committee of Two be appointed to enquire whither 
any and what part of the public Buildings, the Property of this Board, 
have been taken away by private Persons, and if they find any have been 
taken away, that the said Committee cause prosecutions to be instituted 
for the Recovery of the Value of the said Buildings. The Committee 
Chosen for the Purpose are, Alderman Ten Eyck and assistant Winne. 

Resolved that assistants Visscher, Lush and Willett be a Committee to 
Report a Plan for Conducting the Business of the Corporation in Com- 
mon Council for the future. 

Resolved that no Bonds or Security be Given by this Board for any 
Debts contracted before the Eighth day of April last, or for any which 
may hereafter be Contracted. 

City Hall, Albany, 3"' November, 1786. 

Alderman Hun, Elected in the Third ward of this City, appeared and 
was Duly Qualified to the Execution of his said office. 

The Board proceeded to the appointment of Chimney Viewers for the 
ensuing year, and thereupon appointed the following persons : 

For the First Ward — Casparus Hewson, John W. van Sante. 

For the Seccond ward — Arent van Deusen, Samuel Morril. 

For the Third ward — John Fulsom, John I. Pruyn. 

Resolved that Mr. Robert Lansing be Requested immediately to make 
such Repairs to the fire Engine as are Necessary, for which the Board 
Engage to pay him upon his presenting the account of the Expences 
attending the Same. 

Resolved that Stephen Lush, Stephen van Rensselaer, Richard Sill 
and Barent G. Staats, agreeable to their Request, have the use of the 
Rooms on the Seccond Floor in the Stone House, until the first day of 
April next, and that they pay for the same the sum of Eighteen Pounds 
on the first monday in January next. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort Jun"", assistants Woodruff and 
Visscher be a Committee to devise and Report an Ordinance more effec- 
tually to prevent the Profanation of the Sabbath. 

Resolved that Cornelius van Deusen be directed to take Charge of the 
Citty Bulls, and that the Chamb'" procure Hay to keep them. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain require an account of Mr. Henry Rose- 
boom of his Receipts for monies arising from the Deposites of Gun Pow- 
der in ye City Powder house. 

Resolved that an Election be held in the Third ward of this City, on 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 211 

the fourth day of November Instant, for Electing a Constable in the 
stead of Isaac Cady. 

Resolved that Aldermen Hun & Ten Eyck and assistant Visseher be a 
Committee to Eeceive proposals for the Purchase of the Lotts Adver- 
tized, lying at Fort Hunter, and Report their Opinion as to the Price 
and the proposals which may be oflfered. 

City Hall, Albany, 8th Nov, 1786. 

Mr. Recorder, as one of the Committee appointed to Support the Claim 
of this Board to the Lands at Ticonderoge in 3Iontgomery County, before 
the Commissioners of the Land Office at New York, Reported that they 
had waited upon the said Commissioners, who had entered into the fol- 
lowing Resolution (to wit) : 

At a Meeting of the Commissioners of the Land Office of the state of 
New York, held at the Exchange in the City of New York, on Teus- 
day the 17''' day of October, 1786 — Present, His Excellency George 
Clinton Esquire, Governor, Lewis A. Scott I]sq'-, Secretary, Gerard 
Banker Esq'', Treasurer, Peter T. Curtenius Esqf, Auditor. 

The Board, agreeable to Adjournment, proceeded to the further bear- 
ing of the Claims of Adam Putman, Gerrit C. Newkirk, Gideon Marlett, 
William Hall, Samuel Weeks, Vincent Scott Quackenbuss, Nicholas A. 
van Slyke Junf, Harmanus Mabie and Isaac Collier, and also the Claim 
of the Corporation of the City of Albany, when on examination of the 
Proofs Adduced by the Parties, it appeared to the Board, 

I'^t. That the Corporation of the City of Albany made no Claim on the 
west side of the Schohary River to any but the Low lands in the Vicinity 
of Ticonderoge, which they Claimed by virtue of their Charter. 

2ii<i. That the other parties Renounced any Claim to any part of the 
said Lands. 

3"'. That the Corporation of the City of Albany claimed a Tract of 
Land on the East Side of the said Schohary River by virtue of Certa^'n 
Locations made by Leonard Gansevoort Esqr, in their Behalf. 

4"'. That none of the Other parties made any Claim interfering with 
those Locations, except Adam Putman and Gerrit C. Newkirk. 

5"'. That the Corporation of the City of Albany did not produce such 
Certificate of their Location from the Surveyor General, as the act of the 
ll'i' May, 1784, Requires to entitle them to a Grant of the Lands Located 
by them. 

6'h. That the said Adam Putman, Gerrit C. Newkirk, Gideon Marlett, 
William Hall, Samuel Weeks, Vincent Scott Quackenboss, Nicholas A. 
van Slike Junr, Harmanus Mabie and Isaac Collier, exhibited certain 
Certificates and depositions to the Board to prove their Possesions, but 
that they did not contain such Facts as were necessary by Law to estab- 
lish their Claims. 

Wherefore, the Board being disposed to Give further time to the par- 
ties to support their further Claims, do adjourn the same for further 
Consideration. 

The Board having also Considered the proofFs offered in the support 
of the Claim of Jacob Mentis, Cornelius Wemple, and the Heirs of 
Ephraim Wimple, to the same Lands, founded on an Indian Deed to Jan 
Wemp and Cornelius van Slike, bearing date in the year 1728, do find 



278 The City Records, 1786. 

them insufficient to establish the same, and Therefore Determine that the 
said Claims be accordingly Dismissed. 

And it appearing to the Board that the Claims of the other parties 
herein before Mentioned, do interfere with a Claim of Morgan Lewis 
Esquire, exhibited to this Board by virtue of a Location made by him : 

llesolved that the first Tuesday in February next be assigned for hear- 
ing the Claims of the said Morgan Lewis and the other parties interfer- 
ino- therewith, and that the said Morgan Lewis be Notified thereof. 

Secretarys Office of the State of New York, the IS"' of October, 1786. 
I do hereby Certify the foregoing to be a true Copy of a minute of the 
Commissioners of the Land Office, examined & compared therewith by 
j^g_ Lewis A. Scott, Secretai-y. 

Mr. Recorder also produced a Letter from Alexander Hamilton Esq'", 
who was of Council in behalf of this Board, and is as follows : 

The Parties who applied for Grants of Land having Renounced all 
Claim to the low Lands located in virtue of the Charter-Grant, the only 
thino- remaining in Controversy respects the Location of the uplands 
made in behalf of the Corporation. Here, there are only two Opposite 
Claims, of Adam Putman and Gerrit C. Newkirk, upon the footing of 
Occupation and improvement; there is no doubt, as far as the Occupation 
and improvement can be made out, it must Operate /<??' the Quantity occu- 
pied and improved, as a Bar to the Corporation Location. 

I would therefore advise, that the Corporation settle this matter ami- 
cably and by way of Compromise with those two Men, whose pretentions 
may, I presume, be brought within Narrow Limitts, as, from the Difficul- 
ties which they must know attend their claim, they will no doubt be 
moderate ; this done, a Certificate may be obtained from the surveyor 
General for the Residue, and a Patent will follow of Course. 

If the matter cannot be Settled with these Men, the Corporation will 
do well to have the Land occupied and improved hy them. Ascertained by 
a Surveyor, making a Liberal allowance to avoid Cavils, and after doing 
this, make application to the Surveyor General for a Certificate upon the 
Location, leaving out and excepting those Lands so ascertained; this 
Certificate the surveyor General cannot then Refuse with Propriety, and 
it is necessary to found an application to the Commissioners of the Land 
office. Oct. 28, 1786. A. Hamilton. 

Resolved that Mr. Recorder and Mr. Visscher be a Committee to apply 
to the Surveyor General for a Certificate of the Locations made by Mr. 
Recorder, in behalf of this Board, for a Quantity of wood Land at Ticon- 
deroo-e, and that the said Committee withdraw such Locations now in the 
hands of the surveyor General as exceed the number of acres covered by 
the satisfied Locations. 

City Hall, Albany, ll'h November, 1786. 
Mr. Mayor laid before the Board the Correspondence Between thei^ 
Committee appointed to Treat with Mr. Wilson of the State of New Jer- 
sey upon the subject of the P^stablishment of an Accademy, which Cor- 
respondence is as follows, to wit : 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 279 

A Letter from the Committee to Mr. Peter Wilson. 

New York, October 12"', 178G. 
We do ourselves the pleasure to transmit you a Copy of a Resolution 
of the Corporation of the City of Albany, from which you will perceive 
that we are appointed a Committee to Treat with you upon the subject of 
taking upon your self the Direction of the academy which the Corpora- 
tion have in Contemplation to Establish in the City of Albany, in the 
manner and upon the principles Contained in the inclosed Ptegulations, 
which we also transmit for your perusal. We lament that the Badness 
of the weether and Contrary winds prevented us from being here on 
Saterday last, as we proposed, that we might have had the Satisfaction of 
a personal Interview with you, without putting you to the expence and 
Trouble of a Journey hither, and that a Contest before the Commission- 
ers of the Land Office, which Necessarily Requires our attendance upon 
them, deprives us of the pleasure of waiting upon you to accomplish the 
purpose of our Commission; hence, we are constrained to desire, if it is 
not too inconvenient to you, to Couferr with you upon this subject in this 
place ; you will excuse the Freedom we take in expressing this Request, 
and Remain, With every sentiment of Respect, &c., &c. 

Mr. Peter Wilsons Answer. 

Gentlemen — I Received your oblidging Favour by Express this Eve- 
ning, with the Enclosures, and should have thought my self very happy 
in shewing my Sensibility of your Respectfull Treatment, by instantly 
waiting on you in person, had not a Troublesome Boil prevented me from 
putting my Wishes in Practice ; from this, however, I do not apprehend 
any Inconvenience, as every purpose may, I concieve, be Equally answered 
by writing ; and as we must Recur to this at Last, whatever Duty may 
be Required or Privilege intended, other than specified in the written 
papers already transmitted, should there be any such, will Readily find a 
Passage to me, if left at the House of the Rev' Doc" Mason, shall Re- 
cieve a Candid and serious Consideration, and as speedy a Determination 
as may be in the power of. Gentlemen, &c., &c.. 

New Barbadoes, Oof 13"', 1786. Peter Wilson. 

New York, 19"' October, 1786. 

To Mr. Peter Wilson — Sir — Your favour of the 13"' we Received 
on the day following, in answer to which, have to Inform that we are not 
Authorized to make you any further proposals than are contained in the 
Papers already Transmitted. We have. However, to observe, that as an 
Institution of an Academy will Necessarily be a work of Time, and as 
the Corporation would not wish to incur an unnecessary expence by Re- 
taining more Teachers than the number of Scholars would Require, we 
submit to you whether you would Consent to save this expence to them, 
by taking charge of the several Classes which may be formed, untill it 
shall be deemed Requisite by the Trustees to call another to your assist- 
ance. 

We shall remain in New York all next week, where we shall be happy 
to Receive your Determination, and Sincerely hope that the Lord may 
incline your Heart to accede to the proposalls which, in behalf of the 
Corporation of the City of Albany, we have profiered you. 

We are, &c., &c. 



280 Tlie City Recm^ds, 1786. 

Resolved that the Report of Mr. Recorder and Mr. Jacob Ja. Lansing, 
as a Committee of this Board, before the Commissioners of the Land 
Office, and such Other matters as they had in Charge, be approvedof by 
this Board. 

Resolved that Aldermen Gansevoort Jun>' and Ten Eyck be a Commit- 
tee to Report an Ordinance for Keeping in Repair the public Roads in 
this City. 

City Hall, Albany, 25th Nov, 1786. 

Resolved that an Election be held in the Third ward of this City, for - 
the Electing two Constables, in Room of Peter OBriau and Isaac Cady, 
who are Removed from this City. 

Resolved that an Election be held in the Seccond ward, for the Elect- 
ing One Constable, in the Room of John Ostrander, who is indisposed. 

Resolved that said Elections be held at such time and such place as 
the Aldermen of the said wards shall direct. 

An account of William Dale was laid before the Board : Ordered that 
the said account be Referred to the Committee of accounts. 

City Hall, Albany, 2"ci December, 1786. 

Alderman Gansevoort Returned the Poll of an Election held in the 
third Ward on the SO^'i November last, for the Election of two Consta- 
bles, from which it appears that George Reab and David Waters were 
Elected. 

The Board being informed that the usual notice of the time and place 
of Election had not been Given : Therefore 

Resolved that the said Election be avoided and a New Election be held 
in the said ward in the usual manner on Teusday next, and that the usual 
notice be Given by one of the Constables of Either of the wards. 

The following accounts being Examined and allowd. Ordered that the 
Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain for the payment of the same : 
one in favour of Harmanus Ten Eyck, for £1:16:0; John M. Beekman 
£0:16:0 ; Christopher Bogert £0:18:0 ; John R. Bieeker £29:9:0 ; James 
Fonda £12:4:0; Cornelius van Schaak £12:4:0; John M. Beekman £4:- 
12:0; Alexander Hamilton £15:0:0; Henry Redlif £8:4:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 16iii December, 1786. 

Resolved that an Election be held in the third ward of this City at 
such time and place as the Aldermen of the said ward shall for that pur- 
pose appoint, for the Election of two Constables. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort and assistant Visscher be a Com- 
mittee to Revise and report amendments to the ordinance to prevent 
accidents by fast and immoderate Riding in this City. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts : One in favour of Abraham Ten Eyck, for £2:5:0 ; 
Christopher Bogert £2:19:0; Gerrit M. Mercellis £4:15:0 ; Harmanus 
Ten Eyck £7:4:0; Francis Hassen £3:16:6; William Hun £2:11:9; 
Thomas Lansing £1:8:6; John Miller £0:12:0; Matthew Watson £1:0:0; 
Jellis Winne £22:7:8; William Deal £4:0:0; Philip Muller £5:4:0; 
Willam D. Winne £2:0:0; David Smith £0:8:0 ; James Atkison £4:8:0. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain do without delay Call upon every Person 



Johi Lansing Jr., Mayor. 281 

7^^\!TI ^"^^^^^^^"^o'^jy f«^- f"d on account of this Board, to account 
for the Same and that he Call upon Mess-^ Hansen, Lottridge and van 
±5enthujsen for a Settlement of the rent of the Ferry 

Kesolved that the Chamberlain write to the severaJl persons holdino- 
Lands subject to the payment of Rents to this Board, requestino- an 
immediate payment thereof. ' ^ ^ 

Alderman Ten Eyek returned a Poll taken on the 7'>' December In- 
stant, tor the Election of a Constable in the Seccond Ward of this City 
trom which It appears that Solomon Johnson is duly Elected. Mr John' 
son appeared before the Board, and took the Oaths of alegiance and Office 
, Resolved that assistants Visscher and Willet Report the assise of Bread 
in this City, by the next meeting of this Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 20'i' December, 1786. 
The Chamberlain laid before the Board a List of the lYames of the 
Persons that are Indebted to this Board : Ordered that the same be 
referred to the Committee of accounts. 

.l.?iT' nf ^Y 1*^' ^°^^^ittee of accounts Call upon Gerrit Ryckman 
the a e Chamberlain, to state his accounts with this Board, and uS 

cu^:rrhis B^ ^ -- '''-"' ''- '''^ '--^-^ --' ^^^- ^^ ^^ proS 
iniSstt^rs^-^rrm^^^^^ 

City Hall, Albany, SOtii December, 1786 
Alderman Gansevoort returned a Poll taken on the 21 December for 
^\wT t ir ^«"f^;\'?l«« "^ the Third ward, from which it appears 
that Wilham Talbut and Wynant van Den Berg are Duly Elected ^^ 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts : One in favour of John Price, for jei-4-0 • M-irthen TTpvwI 
£3:5:6; Robert McClallen £26:2:0, Leonaid Gan^f Jun^ '^^^^^^^ 
Matthew Visscher £496:0:0; Do. £12:0:0. ^^.O.U , 

Resolved that John Knickerbaker jun'' and John W. Groesbeek bp 
appointed to prevent the Destruction of the Timber & Wood on the 
Lands ot this Board, at Schachtekook, and that they be requested from 
ime to time to report to this Board the Names of Such Persons wTo 
trespass on the said Lands, with the Quantity of Timber destroyed by 
them Respectively, that they may prosecuted for the Same ^ 

_ Resolved tliat Assistants Willet and Lush be a Committee for the de 
vising and Reporting an ordinance for the Culling of Staves in this Citv" 
Alderman Hun Left the Room. •^" 

Alderman Gansevoort, from the Committee appointed to amend the 
Ordinance for preventing accidents by fast and imoderate Ridin. R 
ported the Ordenance amended. ^' 

Mr. Visscher, from the Committee appointed to amend the Ordenance 
for making Bread, Reports the following Clause to the second sec on 
as an amendment to the said ordinance : section, 

"And that the said Mayor do, on the first Teusday of Every month 
Assertain the Price of Superfine and Common flour, and Cause the lame 
with the assize of Bread, to be published in the news Papers' of this City " 
1 The only uewspaper priutetl at this time was the Albany Gazette. 

Jiist. Coll. a. 36 



282 The City Records, 1787. 

1787. 

At a Common Council held at tlie City Hall of the City of Albany, 
the 6"' January, 1787 — Present, John Lansing Jun"" Esq"", Mayor, 
Leo. Gansevoort Esq"', Recorder, Thomas Hun, Leo. Gansevoort Jun"", 
Henry Ten Eyck, Robert McClallen, Peter W. Douw, John Price, 
Esqi^s, Aldermen, John W. Wendell, Elbert Willet, Richard Lush, 
Jellis Winne, Esq''^, Assistants. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain Purchase Fodder for the subsistence 
of the Town Bulls. 

Resolved that the accounts of Jellis Winne and John Miller, which 
were allowed by a Resolution of this Board of the 16''' December last, 
do come under the Description of a Resolution of the 9''' of October, 
1786, and therefore Resolved that the amount of those accounts be paid 
out of the first wheat that shall be Received by the Chamberlain. 

Ordered that the sum of Three hundred Pounds be Raised, pursuant 
to the Direction of the Act of the Legislature of this State, entitled an 
act to enable the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of Al- 
bany for the time Being, or the Major part of them, to order the Raising 
a sum not exceeding one Thousand Pounds for the purposes therein men- 
tioned, passed the 12' i' April, 1785, and that the Assessors of the said 
City assess the same without delay, and Deliver the assessment to the 
Chamberlain, and that the Chamberlain immediately there after Issues 
his warrant to authorize the Collection thereof in the manner Directed in 
and by the said act; That the Clerk deliver a Certified Coppy of this 
order to the assessors without Delay. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain request the Persons who have Borrowed 
Stone of this Board, to replace or pay for the same, at the rate of four 
shillings p'' Load, before the first day of may next. 

Resolved that Alderman Hun, Assistants Lush and Wendell be a Com- 
mittee to devise and Report an Ordinance for Establishing a City Watch, 
and enquire of and Report the Terms upon which the watch can be 
Established. 

Resolved that Mr. Mayor, Mr. Recorder, Alderman McClallen and 
Assistant Visscher be a Committee to Report what Previlidges of this 
Board Ought to be Surrendered to the People of this State, and also to 
Report a Draught of a Petition to the Legislature for additional Previ- 
lidges. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts, viz' : Peter A. Bradt £3:12:0; James Eadie £6:19:0; 
Alexander Campbell £5:12:6; John Palmer £5:9:3; Peter Palmiteer 
£11:14:0; Matthew Heywiser £3:5:6 ; Elisha Crane £0:14:3 ; Peter Mc- 
Harg £9:17:2; John Price £1:4:0; Leonard Gansevoort Jun'' £3:6:0 ; 
Thomas Seeger £38:8:3|; Robert McClallen £26:2:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 20"' January, 1786. 

Mr. Mayor laid before the Board an application from Stephen Gore- 
ham for a License to keep a Tavern in the New City, and which applica- 
tion was signed by John Stillwell and Others : Thereupon 

Resolved that it be Recommended to the Mayor not to Grant the said 



John Laming Jt-., Maym\ 283 

Licence untill the Committee appointed to Consider and Report whether 
any and what Previledges ought to be Surrendered to the People of this 
state have Reported. 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts : one in favour of James Elliott; one in favour of Cornelis van 
Schaack. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck and Gansevoort Jun"" be added to 
the Committee appointed to treat with the members of the Church of 
England, relative to an Exchange of their Burrying Ground. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain have a Discretionary power to Grant 
wheat, not exceeding three Bushels a piece, to such poor persons as have 
accounts against this Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 24ti. January, 1787. 

Resolved that Mr. Henry van Hoesen have premission to purchase the 
Lease of Isaac Quackenbuss, of the Lands of this Board at Fort Hunter, 
and that if the same is leased again he to have the preference. 

Mr. Visscher, from the Committee appointed to Report what Previ- 
ledges of this Board ought to be surrendered to the People of this state, 
and what additional Previledges ought to be applyd for, made Report. 
Ordered that the said Report lie on the Table for the perusal and Con- 
sideration of the members. 

City Hall, Albany, 27^1' Jany, 1787. 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts: one in favour of John McMichieal; one Do. of L. Gansevoort 
Jun>' & Jacob Ja. Lansing. 

Resolved that Aldermen Hun and Price be added to the Committee 
appointed to Superintend the Building of the House of this Board at 
the Ferry. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts : One in favour of Stephen van Rensselaer Esqr, for 
£154:0:0; Cornelius van Schaak £5:0:0 ; James Elliott £4:10:0 ; George 
Joyce £4:17:6; Duncan Farguson £20:0:0. 

City Hall, Albany, 6ti' February, 1787. 

Whereas, the Reverend Henry Moller, Minister of the Lutheran Con- 
gregation in this City, in the Name of the Trustees and Vestrymen of 
the same, has applied to this Board by Petition, Requesting this Board 
to Countinance their applications for Donations to Enable the said con- 
gregation to Compleat their Church and make some other necessary 
Establishments for promoting their welfare. This Board therefore, dis- 
posed to Grant their Request, well Knowing that they have erected a 
Convenient Church for public Worship and Convinced that their Resour- 
ces are inadequate to Effect their above purposes, do Recommend them 
to the attentiou of all Christian People. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort Jun>', assistants Visscher and Wood- 
ruff be a Committee to Confer with Stephen van Rensselaer Esq'', propri- 
etor of the Manor of Rensselaerwyck, on the subject of the Western Le- 
mitts of this City, and Report to this Board such measures as they may 
deem necessary, to avoid any Controversy on that Subject in futui'e. 



284 TJie City Recm-ds, 1787. 

City Hall, Albany, 9"' Febr, 1787. 

Mr. Mayor laid before tlie Board a Letter from the Reverend J)'. "Wes- 
terlo of this City, inclosing one from Mr. Peter Wilson, of the state of 
New Jersey : Ordered that the Consideration of the Same be postponed 
untill to morrow. 

City Hall, Albany, 10th Febr, 1787. 

Mr. Wendell, from the Committe appointed to devise and Report an 
Ordinance for the Establishment of a Night Watch in ^l^is City, Reports 
the same, which being Read by Paragraphs, was unanimously agreed to. 

On Reading a Letter from the Reverend D^. E. Westerlo, inclosing a 
Letter from Mr. Peter Wilson of the state of New Jersey, whereby he 
declines the acceptance of President of the academy intended to be Es- 
tablished in this City. 

Resolved that the Resolution of the 15"' September last, on the Sub- 
ject of a President for the academy intended to be established in this 
City, be Rescinded. 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts : one in favour of Roger Brady, Peter Gansevoort, William 
Mulhench, John Mc31ichiel, Duncan Farguson. 

Resolved that an account of Matthew Visscher Escf, amounting to 
Two hundred and forty eight Pounds thirteen shillings and four pence, 
be allowed, and that the Mayor draw an order on the Chamberlain for the 
payment of the same. 

A Petition, signed by H. Woodruff, Secretary to the Washington 
accademy in this City, praying for the use of the Common Council Room 
or City Hall, on the 20'!' of February Instant, for the examination and 
Exhibition of the Students of the said academy : Ordered that the Prayer 
of the said Petition be GTranted. 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts : One in favour of John Price, Thomas Barret, Nicholas Redlif, 
John Wilkison, Thomas Barret, William McFarlin, Isaac Hooghkirk, 
William van Wie, Guysbert G. Mercelis, the Same, Henry Ten Eyck. 

City Hall, Albany, 15"i February, 1787. 

Ordered that the Ordinance for establishing a Night watch in this 
City do pass ; and 

Resolved that fifteen watchmen be employed in pursuance of the above 
Ordinance, and that they be allowd from the Date hereof until the first 
day of April next, and from the first day of November next to the fif- 
teenth day of February next, two shillings and sixpence for every Night 
they shall do Duty, and Two shillings for every night they shall do Duty 
during the Remainder of the Year, and that they be paid in Cash Quar- 
terly. 

Resolved that assistants Woodruff and Wendell be added to the Com- 
mittee appointed to Report what Previledges of this Board Ought to be 
Surrendered to the People of this state and what additional Previledges 
ought to be applied for, and that Mr. Mayor, at his Request, be dis- 
charged from said Committee. 



John Lansing Jr., Mayw. 285 

p. 1 ^ .1, . 1 .., ^'^^ ^''^^' Albany, 17ti. February, 1787 

McMichiel £4:2:6; Jo e,I Wo cl, is^^n ""/"'■"''r;;'"' ^^^'"^"j ^"^^ 

of ^::™.t ""' •■'" ""™""' °f P='- Sharp be Refen-ed to the Committee 

aTtS^,::rc"ftr.^r-^^^^^^^^ 

them that unless such SettlemLtis midrsuL^Il T^'n"^ "'*^^^ 
against them. ' ^ ^^^^ "^^ Commenced 

JS^TJ^Z "™""' "' ^'''°'>™ ^-^- "» -fe^l to «.e Co.- 
AlL'^y"^'"' of the Mayor's being Coroner of the City and County of 

to r:.^^:^^s^i/t ti^ "' ^-^^ ^^--^^ 

i'^'ti.*^'.?"?^^"^: Previledges to be applied for: 

-• That in case of the sickness, death or absen^P of ih^ ^T 
Common Council naay be held by the Recorder "^ ''^' ^^'^''' ^ 

October in every Year ' ^"""''^"^ '" *'^" ^^'^^^"^^ ^^^^^'^^'^^J of 

4nSabTp^a'^^":rcr:rTZ't?it^^f'1,£-'-^-^^ 
The same being Bead, and on being again Refd by Paragraphs, 



286 Tlie City Records, 1787. 

Resolved Unanimously that the R,oard do agree with the Committee 
in the above Report. 

The Committee also Reported a Draught of the Deed of Surrender 
and a Draught of a Petition to the Legislature, applying for Aditional 
previledges which on being read were Unanimously agreed to. 

Resolved that the same Committee Draught a Bill to be presented to 
the Legislature of this State, Surrendering the above Previledges and 
Granting those recommended by the said Committee, and that they Re- 
port by Saturday next. 

Mr. Woodrufi", from the Committee of Ways and Means of Raising 
Money, Report : That in order to extricate the Board from their Debts, 
that the Certificates of unsatisfied Levy Rights in the possesion of the 
Surveyor Generall and belonging to the Corporation, be immediately dis- 
posed of, and also, that a Compensation be accepted for the Rents of the 
Lots of this City in Corporation Securities. 

The Board haveing Considered the said Report, 

Resolved that the said Report, so far as it concerns the Certificates be 
approved, and that the same so far as it respects a compensation be 
postponed. 

City Hall, Albany, 3 March, 1787. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain refund the fines which have been paid 
him in pursuance of the Ordinance for the Establishment of a Night 
Watch in this City, to such persons as shall apply for the same. 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Commitee of 
accounts, viz' : one in favour of John Tuuclif, Henry Redlifi", Cornelius 
van Deusen, Aarent van Deusen, Daniel McDonald, Jacob Pruyn, Jacob 
Van Loon. 

Resolved that an account of the assessors of the City of Albany, 
amounting to £16:4:0, for Laying an assessment of £300 upon the 
Inhabitants, &c., of this City, be paid by the Chamberlain out of the 
Monies arising from said assessment. 

Resolved that the Collection of the said Tax be postponed untill after 
the next annual Election for Collector for this City is past. 

Resolved that the Several Docks and Wharfs in this City be sold at 
Publick Vendue on Saterday next, at Ten oClock in the forenoon, and 
that the same be advertized by the Clerk and that the Chamberlain sell 
the same. 

Resolved that the Committee of accounts take a View of the Lots 
possessed by John Grant, in the first Ward of this City, and Report at 
the next meeting of the Board, whether it would be proper to dispose of 
said Lots, and what they Conceive to be an adequate compensation for 
the same. 

City Hall, Albany, 29th March, 1787. 
Mr. Recorder laid before the Board A Certified Copy of an Act of the 
Legislature of this State, Entitled an act for Altering the Charter Rights 
of the City of Albany, passed the 24 day of March 1787, which is in 
the Words following, to wit : 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 287 

Chap. LXIII. — An Act for altering the Charter Rights of the City of 
Albany. Passed the 2\st March, 1787. 
Whereas by the charter of incorporation granted to the Mayor, Akler- 
men and Commonalty of the city of Albany, on the twenty second day of 
July in the year of our Lord one thousand sis hundred and eighty six, 
it is among other things granted and declared, that the Mayor of the said 
city for the time being, and no other shall have power and authority to 
grant Licences annually under the public seal of the said city, to all tavern 
keepers, ordinary keepers, victuallers and all public sellers of wine, strong 
waters, cyder beer or any sort of liquor by retail, within the liberties and 
precincts thereof, or without the same in any part of the county of Alba- 
ny ; and that the Mayor of the said city for the time being, shall be the 
sole coroner of the said city and county of Albany. That the said 3Iayor, 
Aldermen and Commonalty should have the exclusive right of regulatino- 
the trade with the Indians in the said city of Albany, and to the east- 
ward, northward and westward of the said city; and that the freemen of 
the said city and no other inhabitant of the colony of New York should 
be admitted to such trade. That the election of Aldermen, Assistants 
and Chamberlain for the said city, shall be annually held on the feast of 
St. Michael the Archangel. That the Mayor and any three or more of 
the Aldermen, and three or more of the Assistants, shall be the Common 
Council of the said city. And that a Court of Common Pleas shall be 
held once every fortnight, for the said city of Albany before the Mayor, 
Recorder and Aldermen, or any three of them whereof the Mayor or 
Recorder to be one. 

And whereas tlie said Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty have by a 
deed under their common seal, surrendered and yielded up to the people 
of this State, the said above mentioned and recited rights and privileges 
granted to them in and by the said charter, of the Mayor of the said 
city, granting licenses to tavern keepers, and others as aforesaid, in any 
part of the county of Albany, (the said city of Albany only excepted) 
and of the Mayor, being the coroner of the said city and county of iVlba- 
ny, and also the right of regulating and exclusively enjoying the said 
trade with the said Indians, and also the right of electing the officers 
aforesaid on the feast of St. Michael the Archangel. 

And whereas the said Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the said 
city, have also by their petition under their common seal as aforesaid, 
prayed to have certain alterations made in the rights and privileges herein 
before recited, and not in and by the said deed surrendered and yielded 
up. Therefore, 

I. Be it Enacted, &c., That the said deed of the said Mayor, Alder- 
men and Commonalty of the city of Albany is hereby declared to be 
accepted; and that the said rights and privileges of the Mayor of the 
said city of granting licences to tavern keepers and others as aforesaid 
(excepting only in the city of Albany,) and of being coroner of the said 
city and county of x\lbany, and also the right of regulating and carrying 
on said trade with the Indians, and also the right of electing said Alder- 
men. Assistants and Chamberlain on the day aforesaid, respectively 
granted in and by the said charter of incorporation, shall be, and the 
same are hereby respectively abolished, abrogated, annulled and made 



288 The City Records, 1787. 

void, any thing in the said charter contained, to the contrary thereof, in 
any wise notwithstanding. 

II. That the election of the said Aldermen, Assistants and Chamber- 
lain, to be elected in pursnauce of, and in virtue of the said charter, 
shall forever hereafter be held on the last Tuesday of September in every 
year, and that the said Aldermen, Assistants and Chamberlains, shall in- 
stead of taking the oaths of office pursuant to the directions of the said 
charter, on the fourteenth day of October in every year forever hereafter, 
take the said oaths in the manner prescribed in and by the said charter 
on the second Tviesday of October in every year. 

III. That it shall and may be lawful, when and as often as the Mayor 
of the said city for the time being, shall be sick, die or be absent from 
the said city, for the Recorder of the said city to Convene a Common 
council for tlae said city, and to hold the same in the like manner, and 
with the same number of Aldermen and Assistants, as the Mayor of the 
said city in and by the said charter is authorized and empowered to con- 
vene and hold the same. 

IV. That in case of the sickness, death or absence of the Mayor and 
Recorder, it shall and may be lawful to and for any three of the Alder- 
men, of the said city, to hold and keep the court of Common Pleas estab- 
lished in and by the said charter, in like manner, as if the said Mayor or 
Recorder were present in, and together with two Aldermen, held and 
kept the same. 

V. That one of the coroners to be appointed in and for the county of 
Albany, shall forever hereafter be a citizen of the said city, and that such 
coroner so being a citizen of the said city, shall be the sole coroner in 
and for the said city. 

Provided always^ that nothing in this act contained, shall be construed 
to alter, change or abolish the right granted in and by the said charter, 
to the Mayor of the said city, to grant licences to tavern keepers and 
others, who sell liquors in the said city, in the manner directed and de- 
clared in and by the said charter, or to aflFect, alter, abridge or extend 
any right or privilege, granted in and by the said charter, other than 
those in and by this act particularly mentioned, as altered, abrogated or 
abolished. 

City Hall, Albany, 31 March, 1787. 

Mr. Willett Reported that agreeable to a Resolution of this Board of 
the S"! Instant, he had sold the several Docks and Wharfs belonging to 
this Board, to Peter Sharp, for the Sum of one Hundred and forty one 
Pounds, for the ensuing Year. Ordered that the one half of the Pur- 
chase money be paid by the first day of August next, and the Other half 
on the first day of January next. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain Call upon Mr. Henry for the Rent of 
the Kuyl. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck and Gransevoort Jun'' and Assistant 
Visscher be a Committee to enquire into the Situation of the Lots of Henry 
I. Bogert and Others, and of the Situation of the two Houses at the Ver- 
rebergh and the Kuyl, and that they Report with all convenient Speed. 

Resolved that Jacob Pruyn pay the Sum of Twelve shillings a Year 
for the rent of the Ground on which he had his Blacksmiths Shop. 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 289 

Kesolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts : one in favour of John Tuncliff, for £7:2:0 ; Abra- 
ham Yeeder £13:4:0; Daniel McDonald £2:0:6; Jacob Pruyn £34:12:4; 
Jacob van Loon £14:4:0; Aarent van Deusen £14:4:0; Cornelius van 
Deusen £14:4:0; Henry RedliflF £6:8:0. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain take Jacob Pruyn's Receipt on the 
back of the above account in full to the 13^'' February, 1786. 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts, viz': one in favour of Charles R. Webster; 1 D". Alexander 
Smith. 

Resolved that the Law for altering the Charter Rights of this City be 
published in the Albany Gazette, for the information of the Citizens. 

Alderman Ten Eyck applied to the Board for a Small Lot of Ground 
in the seccond Ward, near the Ground belonging to the Trustees of the 
Lutherean Church — Resolved that Assistants Wendell and Woodruff be 
a Committee to View the same and report their Opinions on Granting 
the same and on what terms, with all Speed. 

City Hall, Albany, 3 April, 1787. 

The Board met this day, pursuant to a Law of this State, passed the 
13 February, 1787, for electing three persons in each of the Wards of 
this City to be inspectors of the Election to be held on the last Teusday 
of this Month — Thereupon Resolved that the following Persons shall be 
Inspectors in the Respective Wards : 

Abraham J. Yates, Henry I. Bogert, Harmanus Ten Eyck, for the 
first Ward. 

Jacob Cuyler, John Jacob Beekman, Cornelius van Scherluyne, for the 
Seccond Ward. 

Abraham Eights, Isaac van Aernem, Teunis F. van Vechten, for the 
Third Ward. 

Resolved that the Marshal summons Samuel Beaty and John Ash- 
mere to attend this Board on Saturday next, to answer for their Conduct, 
the former for taking Possesion of Ground belonging to the Board, and 
the latter for taking and appropriating 5tone and Brick belonging to the 
Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 6'ii April, 1787. 

A Petition of John Stuart, praying the Use and Occupation of two 
Rooms in the North House in the Fort, for the Term of three months, 
at a Reasonable Rent, was Read — Resolved that Assistants Wendell and 
Winne be a Committee to view the said Rooms, and if unoccupied that 
they agree with Mr. Stuart relative to the Rent. 

Upon the application of the Sheriff, Ordered that the City Watch be 
Kept at the City Hall until the farther order of the Board. 

Resolved that Assistants Wendell and Woodruff be a Committee to 
Inspect the Minutes of the Board Relative to the Possession of Samuel 
Beaty, the Stone that he has taken away from the Fort and any other 
Damages he may have done to the Property of the Board, and that they 
report with all Convenient speed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain for the pay- 

Bist. Coll. a. 37 



290 The City Eecoi-ds, 1787. 

nient of the following accounts : 1 in favour of Alexander Smith for 
£3:6:0; George Joyce £5:12:6 ; Robert Hewson £14:6:0; Jacob Bloom- 
endall £27:8:0; Jacob Bloomendall £0:15:9. 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts : one of James Fonda ; 1 Do. Cornelius Glen. 

Upon the application of Jacob van Loon, Representing that the Water 
Course leading down from the Street above the Powder House, has been 
altered in such a way as to leaded over his Lot, and that he has not the 
full Measure of his Lot — Thereupon Resolved that Assistants Wendell 
and Woodruff be a Committee to View the Same and report at the 
next meeting. 

City Hall, Albany, 14ti> April, 1787. 

The Chamberlain having laid before the Board an account of the Debts 
due to and from this Board, together with a Statement of the expendi- 
tures — Ordered that the Same be Referred to the Committee of accounts. 

Mr. Wendell, from the Committee to whom was Referred the Petition 
of John Stuart, Reports that the Rooms he applied for are. unoccupied, 
and that he pay the sum of three Pound for the Same. 

Resolved that the said Report be agreed to. 

Resolved that Alderman Ten Eyck and assistants Winne and Wendell 
be a Committee to View the Ground now in the use and Occupation of 
Isaac Fryer, Abraham Hooghkirk and Isaac Hooghkirk, as Brick yards, 
and that they Report what they Concieve to be a Reasonable annual Rent 
for the Same. 

Mr. Wendell, from the Committee to whom was Referred the Viewing 
the Lots of Samuel Beaty and Others, Reports that in the Opinion of the 
Committee the Revenue of the Board may be encreased by Continuing 
Out westward a Number of Lots with the Southern Range of State 
Street. 

Resolved that the Board agree with the Committee in Opinion, and 
that the Lots be laid out with all Convenient Speed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain, to pay the 
following accounts: One in favour of James Fonda for £14:0:0; 1 Do. 
Cornelius Glen £4:17:0. 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts, viz': one in favour of Martin Reese; 1 Do. Henry Redlif; 1 
Do. Alexander Clark; 1 Do. Jonathan Pettit; 1 Do. Jacob Bloomendall. 

City Hall, Albany, 28 April, 1787. 

Resolved that a Committee of two be appointed to Call upon Balthazer 
Van Benthuysen, for his accounts of the Expences which have attended 
the Building the House at the Ferry. 

The Committee Chosen for the purpose are Alderman Ten Eyck and 
assistant Willet. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain, to pay the 
following accounts, viz': one in favour of Jonathan Pettit for £0:15:0; 
Henry Redlif £0:16:10* ; Martin Reese £0:7:10 ; Alexander Clark £1:- 
14:0; Jacob Bloomendal £1:1:4J; Robert Lansing £6:16:3. 

Resolved that Aldermen Hunn, Douw and Price be a Committee to 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 291 

cause the Lots to the Westward of the City to the south Range of State 
Street, to be laid out, and Report the Plan thereof without delay. 

Resolved the Chamberlain do, on or before the fifth day of May nest, 
sell at public Vendue, for the term one Year, the large New Store. 

City Hall, Albany, 5 May, 1787. 

Mr. Visscher, from the Committee to View the Lots formerly bought 
by John van Alen and others. & to Report what allowance ought to be 
made him on account of the removal of his Lots more to the Eastward, 
and as a Compensation for his Levelling the Same, Reported that an 
allowance should be made him by the Board of Nine Poundes. 

Resolved that the Board agree with the Committee in their Report. 

Resolved that the Clerk make Out deeds for the said Lots, and that 
the Mayor Sign the Same, and that the City Seal be thereto affixed. 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts : one in favour of James Elliott; one Do. Henry Ten Eyck. 

Alderman Ten Eyck, from the Committee appointed to sell some of the 
Ticonderoga Lands, Reported that Victor Putman had oflPered to Purchase 
fifty acres of said Lands, at £8:10 "^ acre, and to make the following 
payments : one Half at the execution of the Deed, fifty Pounds next 
Winter, and the Residue in Quarterly payments; that the Committee are 
of Opinion, considering the Scarcety of Money, and the many pressing 
demands against the Board, it will be most Advantageous to Close with 
the offers made. 

Resolved that the Board agree with the Committee in Opinion, and 
order the Committee to take such Measures for Compleating the Sale as 
they shall think proper. 

Mr. Wendell, from the Committee appointed to agree with Isaac Fryer, 
Isaac Hoghkerk and Abraham Hooghkirk, for the Rent of the Brick- 
yards in their Possesion, makes Report, which is in the following words: 

The Committee who were appointed to agree with Isaac Fryer & 
Hooghkirks & others, beg leave to Report, That they have Agreed with 
Abraham Hooghkirk at 40s. '^ anum ; Isaac Fryer at 55s. "^ anum ; 
Isaac Hooghkirk at ^bs. '^ anum. 

They also report, that Isaac Fryer, Patrick Clark and William Zoble 
have Each of them one acre of Land in Possesion more than they 
have Title for from this Board, and for which the Committee have agreed 
with them Respectively for 20s. '^ anum for the Same. 

They have also Agreed with Samuel Beaty at l6s. '^ anum for his 
Lot. 

They also Report, that they have agreed with Thomas Hun, Esq'', that 
he pay for the Lot in his Possesion 25s. '^ anum. 

Also, that they have agreed with William Dale, that he pay for his 
Lot near the Hospital, 20s. "^ anum. 

On Review of the Lot some time since laid out for Alderman Ten 
Eyck, they Report that he pay 10s. "^ anum therefor, and that a Lease 
be made out for the Term of 21 Years. 

Resolved that the Board agree with the Committee in their Report. 

Resolved that the sum of one Hundred Pound, arising from the Sale 
of Lands of this Board at Ticonderoga, be applied to the payment of the 
Debt due from this Board to Peter Sharp. 



292 The City Records, 1787. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain have power to rent the Store for the 
Term of one Year, to such Persons and for such prices as he shall think 
proper. 

City Hall, Albany, 12 May, 1787. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts: One in favour of John Hood for £11:8:9; William 
Zoble £21:7:6; John Redley £45:0:0; Leonard Gansevoort & Jacob Ja. 
Lansing £51:6:10. 

Resolved that Aldermen Gansevoort and Price be a Committee to 
Consult with Abraham Ten Eyck, respecting the account of Simon Bald- 
win against this Board, and that they Report at the next meeting. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain let the Shed between the new Store 
and John Davis's, for Such a Rent as he shall Concieve a Reasonable 
Compensation, and that he call upon John Davis for the Rent he may 
have Received for the same. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain advertise the Powder Magazine for 
Sale, for the Term of one Year, and that he sell the same at Public Ven- 
due on this day fortnight. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort and assistant Visscher be a Com- 
mittee to devise and Report an Ordinance for the better securing of the 
City of Albany from Danger by Gunpowder. 

Resolved that the Aldermen of this City do meet every Monday and 
Wednesday in each Week, at 10 oClock in the forenoon, for the express 
purpose of carrying into Execution that Clavise in the Charter of this 
City, which prohibits all Persons but Freemen to Trade in the City of 
Albany. 

City Hall, Albany, 16 May, 1787. 

In pursuance of an act of the Legislature of this State, entituled an 
act to Remove certain Obstructions in the Navigation of Hudsons River, 
passed the 13 day of April, 1787, The Board proceeded to the appoint- 
ment of Commissioners and a Clerk, for the purposes in the said Act 
mentioned ; Thereupon appointed Henry I. Bogert, Daniel Hale and 
Garrit Lansing, Jun"", Commissioners, and Edward S. Willet, Clerk. 

City Hall, Albany, 19tii May, 1787. 

A Petition of John Grant, praying leave to purchase two lots of 
Ground in the said Petition mentioned, was Read, 

Resolved that the same be Referred to Aldermen Hun, Price and 
Douw, and they Report with all Convenient Speed. 

Resolved the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts, viz^ : one in favour of Christopher Peek ; 1 Do. Cornelius van 
Deusen; 1 Do. Rykert van Sante; 1 Do. Cornelius van Schaak. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay to each of the W^atchmen one 
Quarter of a Years Salary. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts: one in favour of Jonathan Brooks for £2:7:6; 1 
Do. Charles Newman £33:0:0. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck, Price and Gansevoort be a Com- 
mittee to inspect the Roads in this City, and where they find any Ob- 
struction, to Cause the Same to be Removed. 



292 Tlie City Records, 1787. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain have power to rent the Store for the 
Term of one Year, to such Persons and for such prices as he shall think 
proper. 

City Hall, Albany, 12 May, 1787. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts: One in favour of John Hood for £11:8:9; William 
Zoble £21:7:6; John Redley £45:0:0; Leonard Gansevoort & Jacob Ja. 
Lansing £51:6:10. 

Resolved that Aldermen Gransevoort and Price be a Committee to 
Consult with Abraham Ten Eyck, respecting the account of Simon Bald- 
win against this Board, and that they Report at the next meeting. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain let the Shed between the new Store 
and John Davis's, for Such a Rent as he shall Concieve a Reasonable 
Compensation, and that he call upon John Davis for the Rent he may 
have Received for the same. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain advertise the Powder Magazine for 
Sale, for the Term of one Year, and that he sell the same at Public Ven- 
due on this day fortnight. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort and assistant Visscher be a Com- 
mittee to devise and Report an Ordinance for the better securing of the 
City of Albany from Danger by Gunpowder. 

Resolved that the Aldermen of this City do meet every Monday and 
Wednesday in each Week, at 10 oClock in the forenoon, for the express 
purpose of carrying into Execution that Clause in the Charter of this 
City, which prohibits all Persons but Freemen to Trade in the City of 
Albany. 

City Hall, Albany, 16 May, 1787. 

In pursuance of an act of the Legislature of this State, entituled an 
act to Remove certain Obstructions in the Navigation of Hudsons River, 
passed the 13 day of April, 1787, The Board proceeded to the appoint- 
ment of Commissioners and a Clerk, for the purposes in the said Act 
mentioned ; Thereupon appointed Henry I. Bogert, Daniel Hale and 
Garrit Lansing, Jun^", Commissioners, and Edward S. Willet, Clerk. 

City Hall, Albany, 19ti> May, 1787. 

A Petition of John Grant, praying leave to purchase two lots of 
Ground in the said Petition mentioned, was Read, 

Resolved that the same be Referred to Aldermen Hun, Price and 
Douw, and they Report with all Convenient Speed. 

Resolved the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts, viz^ : one in favour of Christopher Peek ; 1 Do. Cornelius van 
Deusen ; 1 Do. Rykert van Sante ; 1 Do. Cornelius van Schaak. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay to each of the Watchmen one 
Quarter of a Years Salary. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts: one in favour of Jonathan Brooks for £2:7:6; 1 
Do. Charles Newman £33:0:0. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck, Price and Gansevoort be a Com- 
mittee to inspect the Roads in this City, and where they find any Ob- 
struction, to Cause the Same to be Removed. 



John J. Beehnan, Mayor. 293 

Resolved that two of the Constables of this City do, every Sunday, 
from nine oClock in the morning till Sun set, Patrole the Streets, and 
that they be allowed at the Hate of two Shillings a day. 

liesolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck, Gansevoort and Price be a Com- 
mittee to Consult and Receive from John T. Visscher, his proposals for 
purchasing or Leasing one of the Farms of this Board at Fort Hunter, 
and that they Report with all Speed. 

City Hall, Albany, 15 June, 1787. 
Gerrit Lansing, Jun"", having declined to Serve as one of the Commis- 
sioners for Removing Obstructions in Hudsons River, thereupon the 
Board proceeded to the appointment of another in his Stead, and Unan- 
imously appointed Abraham Ten Broeck, Esqr. 

City Hall, Albany, 22 June, 1787. 

Abraham Ten Broeck, Esq'', having declined the appointment of Com- 
missioner for Removing Obstructions in Hudsons River, Thereupon 
Resolved that Jacob Cuyler, Esq^, be a Commissioner for the Purpose. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck and McClallen be a Committee to 
wait on Mr. Baltus van Benthuysen, Requesting him to deliver in his 
accounts respecting the Building the Ferry House, by the next meeting 
of this Board. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort be Authorized to purchase from 
the assignees of Edward Compston, Dock Timber to the amount of the 
Money due from said Compston to the Corporation. 

City Hall, Albany, SO'ii June, 1787. 

A Petition of Maus R. van Vranken and a Number of other Persons, 
was presented and Read, praying that a Pump or well may be made in 
the new Street, now part of Pearl Street : 

Resolved that the Prayer of the said Petition be Granted, and that 
the Aldermen of the third Ward Carry the same into Effect. 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts : one in favour of Henry van Wie ; 1 Do. Gerrit G. Lansing ; 
1 Do. Nathaniel David; 1 Do. John Heath. 

Henry Bogert, from the Consistory of the Dutch Church, laid before 
the Board a Survey of the Church Pasture, and a Plan of the Lots as 
laid Out by them, agreeable to a Request of this Board to the said Con- 
sistory. 

Resolved that the same be approved of by this Board. 

Resolved that Aldermen Price, Ten Eyck and Gansevoort be a Com- 
mittee to Enquire into the Title of Robert Henry to the Ground on 
which he is' now erecting a Building in the Rear of his Lot. 

Resolved that the Anniversary of the Independance of the United 
States be Celebrated on the 4i>' day of July next, and that assistant 
Woodruff" form the Necessary arrangements for the Day. 

City Hall, Albany, 2'h' July, 1787. 
Resolved that the Committee appointed last meeting to enquire into 
the Title of Mr. Robert Henry to the Ground in the Rear of his Lot, be 
directed to investigate the said title, and make a special State thereof, 



294 TJie City Records, 1787. 

and Report the Same without delay, and that the said Committee desire 
Mr. Henry to desist from proceeding with his Building. 

Resolved that Cap'. Lieu'. Hale be requested to parade his Company 
of Artillery in the Street Opposite the City Hall, on Wednesday morn- 
ing at 10 o'clock, to accompany the Corporation to the Pasture, and 
Celebrate the Independance of the United States, by a Discharge of 
thirteen Cannon. 

Resolved that the Corporation will, after the firing of the Cannon, 
proceed in Procession to the City Tavern. 

Resolved that the Corporation will be happy in the Company of Such 
of their fellow Citizens as will unite with them in the Celebration of the 
Day. 

Resolved that Capt. Hale be Authorized, in the Name of this Board, 
to Request from Stephen van Rensselaer, Esq"", the Loan of his Brass 
field Piece. 

Resolved that assistants Wendell and Woodrufi" be a Committee to 
procure Powder, &c., and that they deliver the same to the Order of 
Capt. Hale, to be made up in Cartridges, &c. 

City Hall, Albany, 4*'^ July, 1787. 
The Board being met. Proceeded to Celebrate the Anniversary of the 
Declaration of the Independence of the United States, agreeable to a 
Resolution of the 2"<3 Instant. 

City Hall, Albany, 7'>' July, 1787. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts: one in favour of Henry van Wie, for £0:12:6; John 
Heath £0:9:0; Nathaniel Davids £0:10:0 ; Cornelius van Schaak £14:- 
0:0; Gerrit Lansing £0:8:0; Rykert van Sante £2:10:0; Christopher 
Peck £4:16:0; Cornelius van Deusen £3:0:0. 

The Committee appointed to ascertain the Title of Robert Henry to 
the Ground in the Rear of his Lot, and on which he is now Erecting a 
Building, the Committee are of Opinion that Mr. Henry has not any 
Title to the Same. 

Resolved that the Board agree with the Committee in opinion, and 
that Mr. Henry be Requested to Remove the Building aforesaid by 
Wednesday next. 

The Board this day sold to John Grant, for the Consideration of One 
Hundred Pounds, the one half of the money to be paid down, and the 
Remaining half by the first day of January next, and a Rent of one 
Pound four shillings for ever, the three Lots of Ground now in his Pos- 
sesion, containing in front Ninety nine feet, and in Length two hundred 
and fifty three feet. 

Ordered that the Clerk make out a Deed for the same, that the Mayor 
sign the said Deed, and that the City Seal be thereto aflixed. 

City Hall, Albany, 10th July, 1787. 
Resolved that the Clerk immediately write to Victor Putman, of Mont- 
gomery County, and obtain from him a decisive Answer, respecting the 
agreement made by him for a Farm at Ticonderoga, and if he means to 
purchase the same, that he come down forthwith to Compleat it. 



JoJm Lansing Jr., Mayor. 295 

Alder-an McCIallen informed the Bpard that it was the wish of Mr 
Henry to purchase the Ground on which he has erected a Stable in the 
Hear or his Lot. 

Resolved that the Board will not dispose of the said Ground 
A KiT^'.1 •^^-^* *V Chamberlain prosecute all such persons as are in- 
debted to this Board, without discrimination. 

City Hall, Albany, 11 July, 1787. 

Eesolved that the Resolution entered into yesterday by this Board 
on the application of Alderman McCIallen for Mr. Henry, for the pur- 
chase ot a Lot of ground whereon he is now building a stable, be Re- 
considered. * ' 

Resolved that a piece of Ground be sold to Mr. Henry, and that Al- 
derman Ten Eyck and Assistants Wendell & Visscher be a Committee 
to Locate the same. 

City Hall, Albany, 14 July, 1787. 

Resolved the account of Robert Lansing be referred to the Committee 
or accounts. 

Mr. Henry R. Lansing applied, in behalf of his Father, for the pur- 
chase of the Ground in the Rear of his Lot. 

Resolved that as the Board had then under Consideration the Sale of 
the Lot, that the application be Received, and the further Consideration 
ot the said bale be postponed until Wednesday next. 

Resolved that the Ordinance regulating the Public Markets in this 
City be Reversed. 

Ordered that the Clerk, on Monday next. Publish and put up in the 
Market House of this City, the 7''' and 8th Sections of the Ordinance 
tor Regulating the Public Markets. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, in favour 
oi Henry van Wie, for one Pound, for firewood furnished for the Com- 
mon Council. 

^Resolved that the Chamberlain issue the Wheat in Store belono-ino- to 
this Board, at the rate of Eight Shillings f Bushel. ° 

City Hall, Albany, 17^1' July, 1787. 

Resolved that the Operation of the ordinance for Regulatino- the 
Public Markets in this City be suspended until Monday next 

Resolved that Daniel A. Bratt pay at the rate of 40s. f anum, since 
the expiration of the Lease to his Father, and that he pay £4 pr Year 
for the tune to come and untill the expiration of the Lease to John W 
Iruax. 

City Hall, Albany, 17 July, 3 oCloek P. M., 1787. 

This day Agreed with Victor C. Putman for the Sale of Lot No 6 of 
the Low ands on Fort Hunter Flatts, on the Terms and Conditions 
mentioned in the following xVgreement, viz' : 

Know all Men by these presents, that we', the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Ummonalty ot the City of Albany, do acknowledge to have Received of 
Victor C. Putman, of the County of Montgomery, Farmer, the sum of 
One Hundred and Sixty Pounds, Lawful money of New York in Part 
payment of the Consideration money for Lot Number six of the Intervail 



296 Tlie City Records, 1787. 

Lands at Fort Hunter belonging to us, Containing fifty Acres, and one 
Acre of wood Laud, to be Located by one of the Board, if it can be 
done with out opperating, in the opinion of the Person appointed to 
make such Location, too much to our Prejudice, for which Lands the 
Said Victor C. Putman is to pay at the rate of Eight Pounds ten shillings 
p^ Acre, at the following Periods : one Hundred Pounds thereof on or 
before the first day of August, in the Year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred and Eighty nine, and the remaining sum of one hundred 
and sixty five Pounds, with Lawful Interest, in three Equal Annual pay- 
ments, to Commence from the Day last aforesaid. No Interest to be how- 
ever exacted till the said Victor C. Putman shall be in Possesion of the 
Lands, and a Mortgage to be executed for Securing the Remainder of the 
Purchase money. Interest to be allowed on the said one Hundred and Sixty 
Pounds till Possesion is Delivered, and the Rents Reserved by the now 
existing Leases to be paid, Conformable to the Stipulations therein Con- 
tained. In Testimony whereof, the Mayor of the said City has hereunto 
set his hand, and Caused the public Seal of the said City to be hereunto 
afiixed, by virtue of a Resolution of Common Council, this Seventeenth 
day of July, 1787. 

Sealed & Delivered \ 
in the presence of ) 

Resolved that the Mayor Sign the same, and that the City Seal be 
thereto afiixed. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck and Douw be a Committee for the 
Purpose in the said agreement mentioned, as also to hear any matters or 
disputes relative to the said Lauds, between any of the Tenants or others, 
and Report the same to the Board. 

Resolved that the said Committee be paid for the Same. 

City Hall, Albany, 18 July, 1787. 
Resolved that the Consideration of the Sale of the Lot of Ground to 
Mr. Henry be postponed until Saturday next. 

City Hall, Albany, 28 July, 1787. 

Resolved that Mr. Recorder, Alderman Hun and assistant Wendell be 
a Committee to enquire into the Title of Mr. Abraham Bloodgood to the 
Grround on which he is now Building, in the Rear of his Lot, and that 
they investigate his Title to the same, and that they make a special Re- 
port thereof without delay. 

Mr. Recorder moved and was Secconded, that this Board Sell to Mr. 
Robert Henry, all that piece of Ground described as follows : begining 
at the Distance of thirty five feet from Rutten Kill on a Range with the 
Eastern Exti-emity of the stone arch bridge, and running thence in the 
same direction Twenty Eight Feet, and thence at right angles Easterly 
twenty Feet, thence to a Point Ten feet distant from the South east 
corner of the Lot laid out for Robert Lansing, and then along the said Lot 
Seventy feet three Inches to the place of begining. On the Question to 
agree to the Motion being put, it passed in the affirmative in the follow- 
ing manner : 

For the affirmative — Mr. Recorder, Aldermen McClallen, Gansevoort, 
Jun"", Assistants Visscher, Winne, Willet. 

For the Negative — Alderman Hun. 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 297 

Thereupon Resolved that the said Piece of Ground be sold to Mr. 
Robert Henry for the Sum of Seventy five Pounds. 

Resolved that this Board are Willing to sell to Mr. Robert Lansing 
the Vacant Lot in the Rear of his Lot, for the Sum of one Hundred 
Pounds, and that he inform the Board at their next meeting whether he 
will accept of the same. 

Resolved that this Board will Sell all their Lands in the County of 
Montgomery at the following Prizes (to wit) : the Low Lands at Eight 
Pounds '^ Acre, and the AVood land at one Pounds ten Shillings" "^ 
acre. 

Resolved that every Mechanic pay the Sum of one pound four shillings 
for the Freedom of the City, instead of the sum Mentioned in a former 
Resolution. 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts: one in favour of Robert Lansing; 1 Do. James Elliott. 

City Hall, Albany, llt^ August, 1787. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts, viz' : one in favour of James Elliott, for £4:10:0 ; 1 
Do. Robert Lansing £7:3:9. 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts, viz' : one in favour of Abraham Schuyler; 1 Do. Do.; John 
Hall ; Dirk Hilton ; John Given. 

Resolved that Alderman McClallen and assistant Woodruff be a Com- 
mittee to enquire whether an account of Archibald Campbell against this 
Board Ought to be paid. 

Resolved that Mr. Mayor, Alderman Gansevoort and assistant Visscher 
be a Committee to examine the Agreement entered into by this Board 
with Baltus van Benthuysen, and that they take such steps for the Com- 
pleating the same as they shall think most conducive to the Intrest of 
this Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 15"' August, 1787. 

On the application of Mr. Lucas van A^eghten, Requesting an Ex- 
change of Ground at his Lot at the Corner of Columbia and Watervliet 
street, 

Resolved that Aldermen Gansevoort & McClallen and assistant Wood- 
ruff be a Committee to examine the Deeds of Mr. van Veghten, and 
direct the City Surveyor to make a Survey and Map of the said Lot 
agreeable thereto, and that thay or any two of them direct the Lot to be 
Ranged in Such manner as shall appear to them Just and most Conve- 
nient, and that they Report by the next meeting of this Board. 

It being suggested to the Board that the Persons now employed in 
filling up their Lots with Sand, would instead thereof fill the same with 
Clay from the Fort, Provided they could with as much ease Load their 
Carts, and it being deemed necessary that the Road along the Fort 
should be widened ; Therefore 

Resolved that Mr. Recorder be empowered to employ two men, at the 
expence of this Board, for the purpose of Cutting and loosening the 
Ground and Clay along the South side of the Fort. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort Call on Gerrit Ryckman, late 

Hist. Coll a. 38 



298 The City Records, 1787. 

Chamberlain, and request him within three days thereafter, to render an 
account to this Board, and on default thereof, that a Prosecution should 
be commenced against him and his Securities. 

Kesolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts, viz': 1 in favour of Bernardus Hallenbeck. 

City Hall, Albany, l^t Sep'., 1787. 

Alderman Gansevoort, from the Committee to Eange the Street at the 
Corner of Columbia and Watervliet Street, reported a Map of the same, 
which being approved of. Ordered that the same be filed and Entered in 
the Book of Maps. 

Alderman McClallen, from the Committee to enquire whether an ac- 
count of Archibald Campbell against this Board ovight to be paid by this 
Board, Reports that 110 Pains of Window Glass Charged in his acC, 
were for repairing the City Hall, and tliat the Board is liable for the 
payment of the same. 

Ptesolved that the above Report be agreed to. 

Resolved that William Dunbar be appointed a Watchman, instead of 
Henry Stevens, who declined the same. 

Resolved that the foltowing accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts, viz' : 1 in favour of John Brass ; The Heirs of John Glen, 
dec'; Abraham Schuyler; Archibald Campbell. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain, to pay the 
following accounts, viz': 1 in favour of Abraham Schuyler, for £1:18:0; 
1 Do. Do., £11:0:0; John Given £2:1:0; Dirk Hilton £0:12:9; John 
Hall £3:0:0. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay to the Watch men each one Quar- 
ter of a Years Wages. 

City Hall, Albany, 9"' SepS 1787. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain, to pay the 
following acc'% viz': 1 in favour of Abraham Schuyler £4:13:0; John 
Brass £3:5:6; The Heirs of John Glen, Dec'i, £0:14:2; Archibald 
Campbell £1:10:0; Barnardus Hallenbeck £0:4:0; Archibald Campbell 
£11:2:6. 

Resolved that Alderman Hun and assistant Wendell be a Committee 
to agree with Mr. John David for the further leasing the Lot which he 
now Possesses. 

Resolved that it be a Standing rule, that previous to the Execution of 
any Deeds, a Copy of the Resolution of the Common Council, directing 
the execution thereof, with a Receipt of the Chamberlain for the Consi- 
deration Money, be delivered to the Mayor, 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts : 1 in favour of Barent Roseboom ; 1 Do. Joseph Fellow. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain Charge the Wheat in Store at the rate 
of Six Shillings and Six pence '^ Bushel, to the Creditors of this 
Board. 

On Reading an application of Goose Van Schaick, declaring his Readi- 
ness to accept of a Deed for the Ground, and on the Conditions men- 
tioned in a Resolution of this Board of the 14 November, 1785, 

Resolved that the Clerk make out Deeds for the Lots lately laid out in 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 299 

tte Rear of the Lots of Maria Van Schaick and Goose Van Scliaick, 
agreeable to the Map thereof, made by the City Surveyor, and now on 
file. 

Resolved that the Mayor Sign the above Deeds, and also the Deed to 
Mr. Robert Henry for the Lot lately sold to him, and that the City Seal 
be fixed to the Same. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain sell at Vendue, on the 24 Instant, the 
following Lots of Ground, for corporation orders or Certificates : 

One House lot, West of Jonathan Brooks, formerly Thomas Hilton. 

One Do. lying in Barack Street, formerly Comfort Severs. 

One Do. on Gallows Hill, formerly Henry I. Bogert. 

One Do. Do. David Smith.' 

One Do. Do. John Scots. 

One Do. Do. Guysbert Mercelis. 

One Do. in Foxes Creek, formerly in the Possesion of Paul Hoghstrasser. 

One Do. Do. formerly Philip Wendells. 

One Do. Do. Jacob Freliegh, and 

One lying in the rear of Robert Lansings Lot, between the Rutten 
Kill and the Lot lately sold to Robert Henry ; and that the Conditions 
of Sale be subscribed by the Purchasers, and that the Purchase money 
be paid in a month from the day of Sale, or that they be resold, and if 
sold for less, the first purchasers to pay the Diff"erence. 

City Hall, Albany, 15"i September, 1787. 

Resolved that the Lots of Ground to be sold by virtue of a Resolution 
of this Board of the 8'h Sepr Instant, be sold Subject to the same Rents 
as was Reserved in the .former leases. 

Mr. Mayor, from tbe Committee appointed to examine the agreement 
entered into by this Board and Balthazer van Benthuysen, and report 
tbe steps Necessary to be taken by the Board to Compleat the Same, 
Reported, That an application and demand should be made in Writing 
and under the seal of the Board, requiring the said Balthazer to account 
within a Limitted time. 

The Committee also reported the Draught of the application, which 
is in the following Words, viz' : 

To Mr. Balthazer Van Benthuysen : 

We, the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of Albany, 
require you to render a just and true account under Oath to us or our 
Chamberlain, within Twelve days from the Date hereof, of the expences 
attending the Building the House which You Covenanted to erect and 
finish, in and by Certain Articles of agreement, under your hand and 
Seal, executed to us, bearing date the fifteenth day of July, in the Year 
of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty six, Agreeable to 
the true intent and meaning of the said Articles of agreement. In 
Testimony whereof, the Mayor of the said City hath hereunto set his 
hand, and Caused the seal thereof to.be hereunto afiixed, the fifteenth 
day of September, in the year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred 
and Eighty Seven. 

Resolved that the Board agree with the Committee in the said Report, 



300 Tlie City Records, 1787. 

and that the Clerk get the application served on Mr. Van Benthuysen by 
a Person who is not an Inhabitant of the City. 

City Hall, Albany, 22 Sep-", 1787. 

On reading a Petition of Ann McGregor, for the use of a Room in the 
Fort, Resolved that the prayer of the said Petition be not Granted. 

Resolved that the next anual Election for Aldermen and assistants and 
Constables in this City, an additional Constable be Chosen in each Ward 
of this City. 

Resolved that Aldermen Price, Gansevoort, Jun'-, and assistant Wood- 
ruflF be a Committee to revise and Report an Ordinance for paveing and 
Cleaning the streets, lanes and alleys, and for preventing Nuicences in 
this City. 

Resolved that the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of 
accounts : 1 in favour of John II. Ten Eyck ; Barent Ten Eyck ; Dirk 
Hansen. 

Resolved that Alderman Hun and assistant Wendell be a Committee 
to name the Streets that have lately been laid out by the Consistory of 
the Dutch Church of this city. 

Resolved that the Lots of One Acre, to be Sold by Virtue of a Reso- 
lution of this Board of the 8"' September Instant, be sold Subject to an 
anual rent of Ten Shillings. 

Resolved that the Lot in the rear of Robert Lansings lot, between 
Rutten Kill and the Lot lately sold to Robert Henry, be sold subject to 
an anual rent of Six Shillings. 

City Hall, Albany, 25 September, 1787. 

This being the day for the Election of Aldermen, Assistants and Con- 
stables in the respective Wards of this City, the Respective Polls being 
returned, from which it appears that the following persons were duly 
elected : 

For the First Ward — Robert McClallen, John Price, Aldermen ; 
Matthew Visscher, John W. Wendell, Assistants; Jacob Kidney, David 
Gibson, Constables. 

For the Second Ward— Peter W. Douw, Henry Ten Eyck, Aldermen; 
Guysbert Marselis, Theodorus V. Wyck Graham, Assistants ; Solomon 
Johnson, Donald McDonald, Constables. 

For the Third Ward — Thomas Hun, Leonard Gansevoort, Jun"", Alder- 
men , Jellis Winne, Elbert Willet, Assistants; John C. Fuhr, William 
Gyles, Constables. 

The Board then proceeded to the appointment of the Chamberlain 
and Marshal, and thereupon appointed Elbert Willet, Chamberlain, and 
James Elliott, Marshal. 

At a Common Council, held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, 

on the 9ti' October, 1787— Present, John Lansing, Jun"-, Esq'", 

Mayor ; Leonard Gansevoort, Esq"-, Recorder, &c. 

This being the day for the Qualification of the Ofiicers of this Board, 

when the following persons were Sworn to the due Execution of their 

Respective Offices : 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 301 

Robert McClallen, John Price, Peter W. Douw, Henry Ten Eyck 
Leonard Gansevoort, Junr, Esq-% Aldermen ; Matthew Visseher, John 
W. Wendell, Elbert Willet, Theodoras Van Wyck Graham Esq^s 
Assistants; Elbert Willet, Chamberlain; James Elliott, Marshal'; Jacob 
Kidney, David Gibson, Constables. 

The Board proceeded to the appointment of High Constable, when 
William Giles was appointed. 

City Hall, Albany, 16 Ocf, 1787. 

Alderman Hun and assistant Winne appeared this day before the 
Board, and were Quallified to their Respective Offices. 

Donald McDonald and William Giles were also Quallified as Consta- 
bles. 

The Chamberlain Reported that pursuant to a Resolution of this 
Board of the S'l' September last, he had proceeded to the sale of the 
Lots in the said Resolution Mentioned, and that his proceedino-g were as 
follows, to wit : 

Albany, Sep'' 24"', 1787. 

Sales of Sundry Lots of Ground sold at Public Vendue, by virtue of 
a Resolution of Common Council, passed the 8"' Instant, By which it is 
Resolved that the purchasers shall subscribe his name to pay the Pur- 
chase Money in one Month from the day of Sale, and if not then paid 
the Lots to be resold, and if sold for Less, the first purchaser to pay the 
Diflerence. ^ "^ 

As there was no ofi'er made for three of the within Lots, the sale is 
postponed. 

Elbert Willett, City Chamberlain. 

1 House Lot, formerly Th^ Hilton— Quit Rent 6s. ^ an.— Bounds Front 
Hudson Street, at East Jonathan Brooks, containino- 41 feet front & Rear 
& 129 feet in Length. Not sold. 

1 House Lot, formerly Comfort Severs— Quit Rent 6s. ^ an.— Bounds 
Front Barrack Street, South Thomas McMurrey, 31 feet 5 Inches front 
and reai^ and 142 feet in length. En. Meas'. Sold to Leonard Ganse- 
voort. Price £52:0:0. 

T5 ^ ^nn^ ^^^' ^^'""^ ^""^ ^°- ^' fo^'^erly sold to Henry Bogert— Quit 
Rent 10s. f an.— Bounds North New street, South Wolf street. East 
Hawk Street, west Lot N". 2 belonging to John Price, containino- 2 
chains & 50 links in Breadth and 4 ch^ in Length. Sold to John fav- 
lor. Price £11:0:0. ^ 

1 Acre Lot, being No. 4, formerly sold to David Smith— Quit Rent 10s 
■^ an.— Bounds North New street, south Wolf street. East N" 3 and 
west Hawk street, containing 2 Chains and 50 links in Breadth, and in 
length 4 chains, En. Measure. Sold to Robert Lewis. Price £10-0-0 
^} i^^^ Lot being Lot No. 5, formerly sold to John Scot-Quit Rent 
10s. ^ an.— Bounds North Wolf street. South Pitt street, west Warren 
street, containing 2 chains breath & 5 chains in Length. Not sold. 

1 Lot, being Lot 11, now in Possesion of P. Hoghstrasser— Quit Rent 
4s.^ an.— Bounds north side of Foxes Creek, containg 37 feet front 
and rear, and 198 feet in Length, English Measure. Sold to Theo ' V 
W. Graham. Price £15:0:0. 



302 The City Records, 1787. 

1 Lot, being Lot 4, formerly sold to Philip Wendell — Quit Rent 4s. °§ 
an. — Bounds North side of Foxes Creek, containg 34 feet 1 Inch south 
along the street, and 38 feet along another street, and in length 198 feet, 
Englis Measure. Sold to Theo<i. V. W. Graham. Price £3:0:0. 

1 Lot, formerly Grant^ to Jacob Freilegh — Quit Kent 10s. '^ an. — 
Bounds South of Foxes Creek. Not sold. 

1 Lot, formerly G. Merselis— Quit Rent 10 ^ an.— Bounds Gallows 
Hill. Sold to Matt. Visscher. Price £27:10:0. 

1 Lott — Quit Rent 6s. '§ an. — Bounds North Rutten Kill, South Ro- 
bert Henry Stable, containing 35 feet front, 22 feet rear, & 70 feet in 
Length. Sold to John Robertson. Price £52:0:0. 

Resolved that the Clerk make out Deeds agreeable thereto, and that 
the City seal be thereto affixed, and that they be signed by the Mayor. 

City Hall, Albany, 27 October, 1787. 

William Kirkland heretofore commenced a Suit against Peter W. 
Yates, Esqi", late one of the Aldermen of this City, for a Debt which 
Mr. Yates had Contracted in behalf of this Board, in which the said 
Kirkland was nonsuited, and it being Just and Equitable that the Board 
should pay the Cost : Resolved that the Cost be paid by the Board, upon 
the Bill being Taxed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain, to pay the 
following acc'% to wit: one in ftivour of Daniel Bradt £1:4:0; John H. 
Ten Eyck £1:16:0; Barent Ten Eyck £1:16:0; James Elliott £4:10:0; 
Joseph Feller £0:10:0; Barent Roseboom £22:10:6. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort, Assistants Visscher and Winne 
be a Committee of accounts for the Ensuing Year. 

The Chamberlain, agreeable to his Bond, laid before the Board his 
accounts as Chamberlain: Resolved that the same be referred to the 
Committee of accounts. 

Belthazer van Benthuysen laid before the Board his accounts of the 
expences accrued in Building the house at the ferry : Resolved that the 
same be referred to Aldermen Hun, Price and assistant Graham. 

The Board proceeded to the appointment of Chimney Viewers for the 
ensueing Year, and thereupon appointed 

Egbert van Schaick, William McFarland, first Ward. 

Albert Hansen, John Andrew, Seccond Ward. 

Christopher Abeel, Killiaen Winne, Third Ward. 

Resolved that assistant Graham be appointed one of the Committee to 
revise and amend the Ordinance for paving and cleaning the Streets, in 
the room of Doct^ Woodruif, who is no longer a member of this Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 2 Nov^ 1787. 
The Committee to whom was referred the auditting and selling the 
accounts of Balthazer van Benthuysen, Reported, that they had entered 
upon the Business and found matters in such a situation that in setling 
them in the manner proposed, the Board must inevitably suffer a Great 
Loss ; that to avoid which, the Committee had agreed with Mr. van 
Benthuysen to let Samuel Hooker, Isaac D. Fonda, Gerrit G. Lansing, 
Gerrit Visscher and Jacobus Van Sante, or any three of them, appraise 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 303 

and Estimate the Building at the Ferry, and that whatever sum they 
Reported, should be allowed. 

Resolved that the Board agree with the Committee in the Report. 

City Hall, Albany, 3 ' November, 1787. 

Resolved that the Bill of Costs taxed in the suit of Kirkland against 
Peter W. Yates, Esq'', amounting to Six Pound four Shillings and six 
pence, as Taxed by the Mayor, be allowed. 

Resolved that Alderman Hun and McClallen and assistant Wendell be 
a Committee to determine what would be a Sufficient Rent for the House 
and Lot now in the Possession of John Pavid and the House and Lots 
of David Gibson. 

Resolved that the Bonds of Thomas Gifford and James McCoughtry 
against this Board, be paid by the first day of February next. 

The Articles of Agreement between this Board and Baltis Van Ben- 
thuysen being Read and agreed to, are in the following words, to wit : 

Be it remembered, that on the fifteenth Day of July, in the Fear 
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty six, it is agreed 
between the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of Albany, 
and Balthazer Van Benthuysen of the same place, in manner and form 
following (to wit) : the said Balthazar van Benthiiysen, for' the Conside- 
ration hereinafter mentioned, Doth, for himself, his Heirs, Executors 
and administrators. Covenant with the said Mayor, aldermen and Com- 
monalty and their successors, that the said Balthazer van Benthuysen 
shall and will at his own expence, within the space of year next after the 
date hereof, in the plainest and neatest manner, and under the Superin- 
dence and direction of Leonard Gansevoort, Peter W. Yates and Rich- 
ard Lush, Esquires, on the Lot of the said Mayor, Aldermen and Cqm- 
monalty, at the Ferry leading to Green Bush, will and substantially Erect, 
Build and finish one House of the Dimensions mentioned in the Sche- 
dule hereunto anexed, and that he the said Balthazar van Benthuysen 
shall and will render a Just and true account under Oath of the expences 
attending the said Building to the said Mayor, Aldermen and Common- 
alty and their Successors, whenever he shall be thereunto required. In 
Consideration whereof, the said Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty 
do, for themselves and their Successors, Covenant with the said Balthazer 
van Benthuysen. his Executors and Administrators, that they shall and 
will permitt the said Balthazer van Benthuysen, his Executors and admi- 
nistrators, to use. Occupy, possess and enjoy the said Ferry under the Rates 
and Regulations of Ferriage as now are or may hereafter be Established, 
from and after the first day of February next, at the rate of one Hun- 
dred and thirty six pounds per anum, for and during so long a time as 
that the Rent of the ferry, at the Rate aforesaid, shall amount to that 
sum which he the said Balthazer may expend in Building the said House 
and finding the Materials necessary for the same ; and for the true per- 
formance of all and every the Covenants aforesaid, each of the said 
parties are bound in the sum of five Hundred Pounds. In "Witness 
whereof, the parties to these presents have hereunto set their Hands and 
Seals the Day and Year aforesaid. 

[L. S.] Arm. G. Lansing, Baltis van Benthuysen, [L. S.] 

Peter Ball. John Ja. Beeckman, Mayor 



304 Tlie City Recm-ds, 1787. 

Schedule. 

The House to be fifty feet by forty, two Stories High, vizt, the lower 
story 10 feet and the upper 8 feet high, 4 Kooms on each Floor, an Entry 
of 10 feet, a Pitcli Roof, 4 Stacks of Chimneys, viz', two at each Gable 
end ; to be a Board Building, bawled up with brick inside ; the founda- 
tion to be laid on the Surfoce of the Ground ; the work to be all well 
done, and in the plainest manner. 

The Carpenters and Masons to be allowed at the rate of 6s. per day, 
and the Labourers three Shillings per day, besides Qd. per day for Liquor, 
the whole Building to be compleated in one Year. 

Resolved that Aldermen Hun and Price and assistant Graham be a 
Committee to see the said articles carried into Execution. 

On Reading a Petition of Sarah Visscher, for the Exchange of a Lot 
of Ground with this Board : Resolved that the same be Referred to 
Aldermen Ten Eyck and McClallen and assistant Willett. 

Resolved the following accounts be Referred to the Committee of ac- 
counts (to wit) : one in favour of John Knickerbacker, Jun' ; Douw & 
Ten Eyck ; John Jessup. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort and assistant Visscher be a Com- 
mittee to report a Section to the ordinance for preventing fire in this 
City and to regulate Chimney Sweepers. 

Resolved that Alderman Gansevoort and assistants Willett and Graham 
be a Committee to Examine the Buildings at the five mile house, and 
Report what repairs are Necessary. 

City Hall, Albany, lOi!' November, 1787. 

Resolved that Mr. Mayor and assistant Visscher be added to the Com- 
mittee appointed to Examine the accounts of the Expences accrued in 
Building the House at the Ferry. 

The Committee appointed to Inspectt the Buildings at the five mile 
house and reporting the Necessary Repairs thereof, report that Two 
stacks of Chimneys, one at each end of the House, are Essential to make 
the House safe and Comfortable, and that the Sum of Twenty five 
Pounds ought to be allowed by this Board for the expence of Erecting 
them, in addition to the Sum heretofore reported necessary for repairs in 
wooden work. 

Resolved that the Board agree with their Committee in their report. 
Provided that the Tenant execute y^ Leases drawn for him in fourteen 
days. 

Resolved that Alderman Ten Eyck and assistants Wendell and Willet 
be a Committee to converse with Mr. John T. Visscher about renewing 
the Leases of the Tenants of this Board at Fort Hunter, and to report 
what additional rent they Ought to pay. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts: To John Jessup for £5:8:0; John Knickerbacker 
£23:15:0; Douw & Ten Eyck £4:17:0i. 

Resolved that an account of Henry Ten Eyck be referred to the Com- 
mittee of accounts. 

Resolved that Alderman Price and assistant Graham be a Committee to 
enquire under whom the Persons hold their Lots on the South side of 
Foxes Creek. 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 305 

City Hall, Albany, 16 November, 1787. 
Alderman Hun and Assistant Winne appeared this day and were Qual- 
ified. Donald McDonald and William Giles were Qualified as Consta- 
bles. 

City Hall, Albany, 18 November, 1787. 

Resolved that the persons who have Constructed any new Tan pitts in 
the Street at the Foxes Creek, or repaired any of the old ones contrary 
to the Intention of the act of this Board of the 10"' day of September, 
1768, be requested to remove them on or before the first day of Septem- 
ber next. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay Henry 
Ten Eyck eight Pounds fifteen Shillings. 

Resolved that the Mayor in Writing appoint an agent or agents to 
appear before any of the Judges of any Court of Record to acknowledge 
or make W^arrants of Attorney in Suits Brought by this Board, and that 
the Chamberlain affix the City Seal thereto. 

Resolved that an account of John Grant be referred to the Committee 
of accounts. 

Resolved that the Overseers of the High ways take order for repairing 
the High way leading from this City to the Town of Schenectady, as 
far as the house now in the Possesion of William McGown without delay; 
that they extend the Road to the Breadth of four Rods; that they Im- 
ploy the Citizens by Wards for that purpose, until the whole is com- 
pleated, and that the Overseers make return to this Board of the number 
of days each Citizen has wrought. 

Resolved that Guysbert Merselis, elected one of the assistants for the 
Seccond Ward of this City, be requested to attend this Board on Satur- 
day next, to take the usual Oaths. 

The Committee appointed to enquire into the title of the Persons hold- 
ing lots on the south side of the street in Foxes Creek and the propriety 
of the Continuance of the Tan Pits in the said street, and Reporting a 
Vacant Lot for the exchange of a Piece of Ground lying in the said 
Street belonging to the Marshal Family, beg leave to report to the 
Board : 

That by a Resolution of the Common Council made the 12 day of 
December, 1768, deeds in fee were Executed to the following several 
Persons for Lots lying on the south side of a Street then laid out along 
the said Creek, without any Reservation of Rent, (in consideration of 
their Retiring a little from the Creek, which was then their Nothern 
Boundary, so as to admitt a Street extending East and west,) to wit : 
Barent Bradt, Jellis D. Garmo, David and John Groesbeck, Harmen 
Hun and Isaac Lansing, Rutger Bleeker, Abraham Lansing, Adam 
Yates, Catlena Groesbeck, Johannis Pruyn, Peter Bogert, William Ro- 
gers, Yolkert van Den Bergh, Daniel Winne, Jacobus Bleeker, Wouter 
Knickerbacker, Hendrick Quackenbush & Maria Hansen; the Common 
Council, in addition. Resolved that the above named persons should be 
permitted to hold their Respective Tan pits that lay in the Street until 
the said Tan pits should become Useless. The Committee do hereon 
report, that many new Tan pits have been lately made in the said Street 

Hist. Coll. a. 39 



306 ' Tlie City Records, 1787. 

without the permission of this Board, and that many of the old ones 
have been repaired and are now in Use, contrary to the Spirit and Inten- 
tion of the liesolution of Indulgence, passed the day before mentioned. 

The Committee do further report, that there is Ground of this Board 
lying on the east side of Water Vliet Street, at the End of the Bridge 
opposite the Stables of General Ten Broeck, which may be given in 
exchange for the s' Ground in the street in the said Creek, on such 
terms as this Board shall think proper. 

Besolved that the Board agree with the Committee in their report, and 
that Mr. Bastiaen T. Visscher and William Ycrplauk be requested to 
produce their Title deeds to the Mayor, and that he report at the next 
meetin<^>- of this Board, how far their Title extends to the Foxes Creek. 

City Hall, Albany, 24''' November, 1787. 
Mr. Visscher Informed the Board that he had Informed Mr. Guysbert 
Merselis of the liesolution of this Board, requesting him to attend and 
take the Usual Oath, as a Member of this Board; that he informed Mr. 
Visscher that he would not Qualify. Thereupon Besolved that Mr. 
Merselis be fined the sum of One Pound, to be levied in the manner the 
Charter Directs; and that a new Election for an assistant be held at such 
time and place as the aldermen of the Second ward shall direct, for an 
assistant in said ward. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay 
John Grant Twelve Shillings. 

Besolved that the Overseers of the High way be directed to employ 
the Citizens liable to work on the High ways on the Road leading from 
this City to Schenectady, in extending the said High way to the Breadth 
of four Rods from this City to the Dwelling house of William McGown, 
that fifty Men be taken out daily for that purpose from the different 
wards in Rotation till all the Citizens have worked one day each (Cler- 
gymen and Schoolmasters being Exempted), in the following Order (to 
wit) : the first Day from the first Ward, the Seecond day from the Sec- 
cond Ward, and the third day from the third Ward. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay the watch men one Quarter of a 
Yeai's wages. 

The Committee appointed to confer with Mr. John David relative to 
his Lease from this Board for a Lot of Ground, Report^ that it appears 
from the best Information they have been able to Collect, that this 
Board some time agoe did Lease to the said John David a Lot of Ground 
on the following Conditions : that he was to have the Lot at six Shillings 
per anum, and if the Corporation should, at any time want the said Lot, 
the said John David was at Liberty to remove his Buildings.^ 

They also report that Mr. David is in arrears of Rent for sixteen Years 
last past, and that the rent for the future be forty shillings "^ anum. 

Resolved that the Board agree with their Committee in the above 
Report. 

City Hall, Albany, 8''' December, 1787. 
Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts: 1 in favour of John Brass; Jellis Wiune ; Do. Do.; Do. Do.; 
Daniel Wiune; Christopher Bogert ; Jacob Bloomendal; Robert Mo- 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 307 

Garety; Eynier van Yeveren ; Francis Harsen ; Philip Miller ; William 
Dunbar; Charles Leg; James Eckerson; John Ryme 

Resolved that Mr John David hold the Lot now in his possesion, for 
the Term of fifteen 1 ears, at the rate of two Pounds per anum, and 
that at the end of the lerm he Surrender the same with all the Buildino-s 
thereon to this Board and that this Board may at any time defeat the 
Terni within the said Term of fifteen Years, permitting him to remove 
the jbuildings. 

Resolved that Aldermen McClallen, Ten Eyck and Gansevoort, Jun^ 
be a Committee to agree with Teunis Bradt about making a Dock foi' 
Careening of Vessels. * 

Resolved that assistants Visscher and Graham be added to the Com- 
mittee to agree with Mrs. Visscher, about the Exchange of her Lot in 
Pearl Street. 

Resolved that the Managers of the Dancing assembly have the assem- 
Wy Loom in the New Store for Sixteen Pounds till the first day of April 

City Hall, Albany, 14 Dec, 1787. 

The Poll of the Election of an assistant in the Seccond ward of this 
EIe"^t d'"° ^^^^ ' ''''' ^^''"^^ '^^ appears that Abraham Cuyler is duly 

Mr. Cuyler appeared before the Board and took the usual Oaths 

Resolved that the Clerk draw Orders on the Chamberlain t^ pay the 
following accounts : 1 in fevour of Jacob Bloomendal for £3:12:0 ; Jellis 
Winne£14:19:0; Do £o:17:0; Do. £1:15:9; Robert McGurchy £0:4:6 ; 
J^T^'l ^?:"''!\^?V2:9; Rynier van Yeveren £0:13:6; Philip Miller 
-f =^'=2o'.^''"w.„^^^''^'"^^^^=^=^5 Christopher Bogert £9:3:1; John 
Brass £3:3:1; William Dunbar £1:2:3; Charles Leg £0:14-6 • James 
Aekerson £0:18:0; John Pruyme £5:17:3. "^^-i^.o, James 

Resolved that assistants Visscher, Graham and Willett be a Committee 
to Kevise and amend the Ordinances now in force, and to report such 
new ones as they shall think Necessary. 

Resolved that an account of John Hall be referred to the Committee 
or accounts. 

An Ordinance for the better preventing Strangers from becoming 
Chargeable to the City of Albany being Read, Ordered that the same 
lay on the Table for the perusal of the members. 

City Hall, Albany, 22'^! December, 1787. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain to pay 
Dirck Hansen Thirty Sis Pounds one shillino- ^ ^ 

Resolved that an account of John Lansing, Junr, be referred to the 
Committee of accounts. 

The Committee of accounts Report that they have Inspected the ac- 
counts of the Chamberlain, and find them Just, and that they are of 
Opinion that the Sum ot Twenty Pounds, Charged in his account for his 
Labours and Services in posting and arranging the Corporation Books 
ought to be allowed, as the Books were in a verry bad confused Situation 
and had not been posted since the year 1778. 

Resolved that the Board agree with the Committee in their Report 



308 The City Records, 1788. 



1788. 

At a Common Council held at the City Hall of the City of Albany, on 
the 26 January, 1788 — Present, John Lansing Junr, Esqr, Mayor; 
John Price, Henry Ten Eyck, Thomas Hun, Peter W. Douw, Esqrs, 
Aldermen; Matthew Visscher, John W. AVendell, Elbert Willet, Jellis 
Winne, Assistants. 

On Reading the Petition of Henry McClallen and Henry , 

Resolved that the consideration of the said Petition be postponed untill 

the next meeting of this Board. 

On Reading a Petition of Henry Bradt Respecting the ferry. Ordered 

that the same lay on the Table for the perusall of the members. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain advance to Guysbert Merselis twelve 

Bushels of Wheat on account. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain advance to each of the Creditors of 

this Board three Bushels of wheat on account, and that he Charge for 

the same at the rate of Six shillings '^ Bushel. 

City Hall, Albany, 11th February, 1788. 
This Board being informed that some of the Mohawk Indians had 
presented a Petition to the Legislature, relative to the Lands at Fort 
Hunter, and it being deemed necessary that Objections should be made 
on the part of this Board against the prayer of the said Petition ; there- 
fore Resolved that Mr. Mayor and assistants Visscher and Graham, or 
any two of them, be a Committee for the purpose of drawing a memorial 
to the Legislature and Collecting the Papers of this Board relative to 
the said Lands ; and that they or any two of them, with all convenient 
speed, repair to the Legislature, and there make such Objections against 
the prayer of the said Petition as the said Committee shall think proper 
and most Conducive to the Intrest of this Board ; that for the purpose 
aforesaid, the said Committee, or any two of them, be authorized to 
make such representations on behalf of this Board as they shall think 
most promotive .of the Intrest of this Board, and that the mayor sub- 
scribe and Cause the City Seal to be afixed to a Letter of attorney con- 
taining the said Powers. 

City Hall, Albany, 12th February, 1788. 

Resolved that the Several Docks and Wharfs of this Board be sold at 
Public Vendue, at the City Hall of this City, on the first Teusday in 
March next; That the Terms of Sale be, that money or Corporation 
Securities be received in payment ; that the amount of the purchase 
money be made in Two payments, the first on the first day of August 
next, and the last on the first day of January next, and that Security be 
Given for the amount of the purchase money in five days after the Sale, 
in Double the Sum, or that the Docks and Wharfs be sold again, the first 
purchaser to pay the Difl^erence in case the same be Sold for a Less sum, 
and that the Purchaser, on the day of Sale, Sign a Memorandum of such 
Conditions of sale. 

Resolved that a Committee of three be appointed to prepare a Petition 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 309 

to the Legislature, praying that they will be pleased to pass a Law to 
enable the Corporation to Raise a Sum by Tax not exceeding Five Hun- 
dred Pounds. The Committee chosen are Mr. Mayor and assistants 
Visscher and Grraham. 

Resolved that the watch be Continued on the present Establishment. 

City Hall, Albany, 18th February, 1788. 

Mr. Mayor laid before the Board a Draft of a memorial to the Legisla- 
ture respecting the Lands at Fort Hunter, which being read and ap- 
proved of. Ordered that the same be engrossed and Signed by the Mayor 
and that the City Seal be affixed thereto. 

Resolved that the Committee appointed to repair to the Legislature 
have a power to make any Compromise they suppose advantageous to this 
Board respecting the Lands at Fort Hunter, and that a Letter of Attor- 
ney for that purpose be Subscribed by the Mayor and the City Seal 
be affixed thereto. 

Resolved that the Clerk and Chamberlain furnish the said Committee 
with any Books or Papers they may require, they Griving a Receipt for 
the Same. 

Mr. Graham, from the Committee appointed to draw a Petition to the 
Legislature to pass a Bill empowering this Board to Direct the raising a 
Sum not exceeding five Hundred Pounds for the exigencies of the City, 
Reported a Draught thereof, which being Read was agreed to. 

Resolved that the Mayor Sign the same and that the City Seal be 
thereto affixed. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay the Watchmen their Wages out of 
the Monies that have been raised for that purpose. 

City Hall, Albany, 1st March, 1788. 

Messrs. Wendell & Trotter presented a Memorial to the Board, praying 
the payment of Jacob Bloomeudals accompt against the Board, which the 
said Wendell & Trotter purchased of him ; ordered that the accounts be 
referred to the Chamberlain to report thereon at the next meeting of this 
Board. 

A Petition of Douw van Antwerp was Read, praying for a Grant of 
about eighteen Acres of wood Land at Schaghticook. 

John I. Bleeker applied to the Board for an exchange of some of his 
Ground in Foxes Creek for Ground in Front of his House in Barrack 
Street. Referred to the Committee appointed to report the propriety of 
an exchange of Ground with the Bleeker Family. 

A Petition of a number of Respectable Citizens, praying an extension 
of the Street called Maiden Lane through to the Westward. Referred 
to the Committee appointed to Report on the Petition of the Minister 
and Vestry of the Episcopal Church. 

Resolved that The following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts, vizt : one of Cornelius Van Schaak; Do. Jacob Eker. 

Ordered that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts, viz: To John Lansing Junr, Esqr, for £44:16:6; 
John Hall £0:15:0 ; Philip Elsworth £0:5:0. 

Mr. Graham Reported that Mr. Mayor and himself had attended the 
Hon'^!'^' Legislature with the Memorial of this Board, as a Committee 



310 The CUy Records, 1788. 

thereof, respecting the Lands at Tjonderoge; that the Memorial was 
presented and referred by the Senate to a Couimittee of that Ilon'''^' Body, 
and by the assembly to the attorney General ; that the Committee had 
Submitted the papers respecting those Lands to the Attorney General, who 
was of Opinion that the Indians had no Equitable claim to the said 
Lands, but that his Report on the Subject was delayed until the Com- 
mittee could furnish him with a Certificate of the Surveyor General, 
which the Committee had taken measures to Obtain. 

City Hall, Albany, 8th March, 1788. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts : 1 in favour of Cornelius van Schaak £5 ; Jacob 
Eker £8:18:6- 

Resolved that the Wheat of this Board which remains in Store, be 
divided among the Creditors of this Board in proportion to their respec- 
tive demands. 

Resolved that the accounts of Gerrit Ryckman, as late Chamberlain, be 
referred to Aldermen Gansevoort & Ten Eyck, and assistants Visscher, 
Winne & Graham, and that they report the next meeting of this Board. 

Mr. Graham, from the Committee appointed to Revise and amend the 
Ordinances, Reported an Ordinance for Regulating the lying of Vessels 
at the Several Docks and Wharfs of this City and ascertaining the rates 
to be paid for the same, which on being Read, was agreed to and passed, 
and ordered to be published by the Clerk on Teusday next. 

City Hall, Albany, 15th March, 1788. 

The Committee appointed to examine the accounts of Gerrit Ryckman, 
late Chamberlain, reported that from his accounts it appeared that he 
had Received £27:5, in Bills of the New Emission, of which he had 
expended £10, and that he had Credited this Board for the remaining 
£17:5, £8:12:6, being the one half thereof, and the money at that time 
passed two for one ; on motion of Alderman Ten Eyck, Ordered that he 
be Charged accordingly. On the Question on the above order, the Board 
divided as follows : 

Affirmative — Ten Eyck, Price, McClallen,Wendell,Winne,Visscher — 6. 

Negative — Hun, Gansevoort Junr, Graham, Willet — 4. 

The Chamberlain Reported, that pursuant to the order of this Board, 
he had on Teusday last sold the Docks and Wharfs belonging to this Cor- 
poration, for the sum of one hundred and thirty six Pounds, for the ensu- 
ing Year ; Ordered that Security be taken in the manner Mentioned in 
the Resolution for the Sale thereof. 

A Petition of Archibald Campbell, praying for the Lease of a Lot of 
Ground lying in the Second Ward was Read; Ordered that the said 
Petition be referred to the Members of the second Ward. 

The Board were informed that some of the Lands of this Board at 
Fort Hunter have been Forcibly taken from some of the Tenants ; There- 
upon Resolved that Abraham Van Veehten, Esqr, be retained in behalf 
of this Board, and that the Clerk inform the Tenants that Abraham Van 
Veehten, Esqr, is Retained, and that they apply to him for advice and 
Directions. 



John Layising Jr., Mayor. 311 

City Hall, Albany, 22d March, 1788. 

On Reading a Bond from Edward S. Willet and Peter Sharp to the 
Board, for the payment of the consideration money for which the Docks 
and Wharfs were Sold, Ordered that the same be Delivered to the Cham- 
berlain. 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts : 1 in favour of Samuel Stringer & Stephen Lush ; 1 Do. Do. 
Dirk van Vechten. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain Deliver to Mess. Henry, McClallen and 
Henry such a Quantity of Wheat as to Reduce their Bond to the Sum of 
Two Hundred Pounds. 

The Committee appointed to report the propriety of accepting the terms 
of an Exchange of Ground with this Board, by John N. Bleeker, Nich- 
olas Bleeker and Henry Bleeker, Proprietors of a Lot in Foxes Creek, 
adjoining Pearl Street, do report: 

That those persons are Ready at any time to execute to this Board a 
deed of exchange of a Lot lying on the west side of Pearl Street, on the 
south side of Foxes Creek, being a Corner Lot, Bounded on the east by 
Pearl Street, and on the South by a Street running up the said Creek, 
Measuring Sixty three feet and three Inches, Rhynlands measure, at the 
Front on Pearl Street and the same width in the Rear, and Sixty nine 
feet in Depth, in Consideration that this Board will execute to them a 
Similar Conveyance for two Lots containing thirty one feet and five 
Inches in front and one Hundred and forty two feet deep, lying six feet 
north of the House of John Ostrander, in Barrack Street, in the West 
side, and also one undivided Moiety of Ground lying in front of a House 
and lot on the east Side of Barrack Street, one half of which is in the 
property of John Bleeker and east of a Line to be drawn from the Cor- 
ner of the Store House of the Widow of Henry Bleeker, Esqr, Deceased, 
on the east side of Barrack Street to the Corner on the north Side of 
State Street, and the East side of Barrack Street formed by the Junction 
of the said Streets, which exchange the Committee advised to be imme- 
diately effected. 

The Committee farther report, that in opening Pearl street over Foxes 
Creek on a straight line, it will encroach a little on the lot of John I. 
Bleecker, and take from it a number of feet, of which he proposes Giving 
a Deed of exchange to this Board upon their executing to him a like 
Conveyance for the other undivided moiety of the Ground lying between 
the above described House and the line above described, which exchange 
the Committee also advise may be effected. 

Resolved that John Ostrander have six feet of Ground to the north of 
his Dwelling House, extending to the full length of his Lot, on his 
paying the sum of Twelve Pounds. 

City Hall, Albany, 1st April, 1788. 
Pursuant to the directions of an act entituled an act for regulating- 
Elections, the Board proceeded by plurality of voices, to elect three Per- 
sons for Inspectors in each ward of this City, for the ensuing election, to 
be held on the last Teusday in April Instant, for one Senator, seven 
members for Convention, and seven Members of Assembly ; Whereupon 



312 Tlie City Records, 1788. 

tlie following persons were elected as aforesaid, Inspectors for the several 
wards mentioned opposite to tlieir Respective names : 

First Ward— John D. P. Ten Eyck, William Staats, Archibald Camp- 
bell. 

Seccond Ward — Cornelius V. Scheluyne, John Jacob Bleaker, Thomas 
L. Wiltbeck. 

Third Ward — Abraham Schuyler, Jeremiah Lansing, Abraham Tea 
Eyck. 

Ordered that the Clerk give notice of such election to the said In- 
spectors without delay. 

City Hall, Albany, 5th April, 1788. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts : one in favour of Charles R. Webster for £18:2:8 ; 
1 Do. Dirk van Vechten £4:16:0. 

Mr. Mayor laid before the Board an account of money Received for 
Licences and Freedoms, and also an account of Ten Pounds and four 
pence for Cash expended for this Board. Resolved that the said sum be 
discounted. 

Alderman Ten Eyck fipplied iu behalf of Alexander Clark, for a Lease 
of a Lot of Ground in the Seccond Ward of this City; Resolved that 
the said application be referred to the members of the Seccond AVard. 

On the application of John Tunicliff for a new Rope for the City 
Clock, Resolved that the Chamberlain pay for the same out of the money 
he has Received from the Mayor for Licences for Tavern Keepei's. 

Resolved that Aldermen Hun, Ten Eyck and Price be a Committee to 
enquire for a Convenient place for Building a Slaughter house, and that 
they report at the next meeting of this Board the Terms on which they 
can have the same Built. 

City Hall, Albany, 12th April, 1788. 

The Committee on the application of Alexander Clark Report that 
there be leased unto him a Lot of Ground of Thirty feet in Breadth and 
two Hundred feet in Length, Bounded on the East by Duke Street, for 
Such a Term and for such Rent as the Board shall think Proper. 

Resolved that the Term be fourteen years and that he pay the same 
Rent as John Stewart. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw the Leases, that the Mayor Sign the 
same and that the City Seal be thereto affixed. 

A Petition of the Consistory of the Dutch Church praying that the 
Board would Grant to them the right of Dockage as far as the Church 
Pasture doth extend, and also praying an exchange of Ground on the 
Hill for an equal number of acres, was Read; 

Resolved that the same be referred to Assistants Wendell, Cuyler and 
Visscher, and that they or any two of them report with all convenient 



City Hall, Albany, 19th April, 1788, 
On reading a Letter from Baltis van Benthuyseu respecting the Ferry, 
Resolved that the same be referred to the same Committee who are 
appointed to report on the accounts of the said van Benthuysen. 



John Lansing Jr., Maycyr. 313 

KesolTed that an account of Janies Elliott be referred to tlie Committee 
of accounts. 

The Chamberlain laid before the Board an account of the Money 
received and Paid for the Board, agreeable to his Bond to this Board. 

Besolved that the same be referred to the Committee of accounts. 

Mr. Robert Lewis informed the Board that on making his fence round 
his Lot on the Gallows Hill, he had encroached on the Street, and that 
it would be a Great expence to him to alter the same, praying he might 
be permitted to Continue the same in its present situation until the 
Board should direct him to remove it, and that he was willing to make a 
Reasonable Compensation for the Same. 

Resolved that the said application be referred to the members of the 
first ward. 

On Reading an Ordinance for paveing and Cleaning the streets, lanes 
and alleys and for preventing Nuisances in the City of Albany, Resolved 
that the same do pass and that the Clerk publish the same this afternoon. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck, McClalleu and Price be a Committee 
to take a view of the Ground about the Market House and determine 
whether it is Practicable to Carry the Water down Maiden Lane, and 
what in their Opinion would be the expence incurred in doing the same. 

City Hall, Albany, 26th April, 1788. 

Resolved that an account of John McCrea be Referred to the Commit- 
tee of accounts. 

Resolved that Alderman Douw and assistants Visscher and Cuyler be 
a Committee to enquire whether Cornelius Peek has had any permission 
to Cut saw Logs on the Lands of this Board. 

Resolved that an account of Rykert van Sante be referred to the Com- 
mittee of accounts. 

City Hall, Albany, 9th May, 1788. 

On reading an application of Daniel Rottery, setting forth that the 
Lease to him from this Board for a Lot of Ground on the Hill, now in 
his possesion is nearly expired, and that he is desirous that the same may 
be renewed ; Resolved that the same be referred to Assistant Visscher, 
and that he Report thereon with all convenient Speed. 

On Reading a Petition of Stephen Lush, Samuel Stringer and Others, 
setting forth that they are proprietors of Sundry Dwelling Houses and 
Lots of Ground on the West side of Market Street in this City, and that 
the Lane in the rear of said Lots of Ground is indirect and irregular, 
and that the Petitioners have Reason to believe that a Considerable part 
of said Lane hath formerly been Occupied as part of said Lots ; that if 
the Petitioners are permitted to extend their Limits so as to include the 
Ground in said Lane in Rear of the said Lots to the East of a Straight 
line stretching from the southwest Corner of the Lot Occupied by the 
mayor to the northwest Corner of the Lot Occupied by Johannis Jacob 
Lansing, that it will not only tend to the particular advantage of the 
Petitioners, but render the said Lane more Regular and Commodious, 
and be of uo publick Disadvantage. 

Resolved that his Worship the Mayor and the members of the third 

Hist. Coll a. 40 



314 The City Recm-ds, 1788, - 

Ward be a Committee to take the Prayer of the said Petition into Con- 
sideration, and that they Report thereon with all Convenient Speed. 

Resolved that the Members of the first ward Be a Committee to cause 
the Road on the South side of the Fort to be put into immediate Repair ; 
likewise the arch of the City Hall Dock; and that the expences attend- 
ing the same be Charged to this Board. 

Resolved that Assistants Graham and Visscher be a Committee to 
Compleat the exchange of the Lots of Ground between this Board and 
the Widow Sarah Visscher; that the deeds be drawn, that the Mayor 
sign the same, and that the City seal be thereto affixed. 

City Hall, Albany, 17th May, 1788. 

Mr. Visscher, to whom was referred the application of David Rettery 
for a Renewal of the lease made to him by this Board, of the Lot of 
Ground now in his Possession, Reported that on the 30th day of June, 
17G8, the Corporation by Resolution Leased to the said David Rettery, 
John Foster, John McKinsey and John McDonald, for the -Term of 
Twenty one Years, to Commence from the first day of May then last past, 
the Lots then in their Respective Possesions, at the rate of Twenty four 
shillings !§. Year. 

Resolved that the application of the said David Rettery be Granted 
for seven years, subject to the anual rent of Twenty four shillings '^ 
Annum. 

Upon Reading the Petition of Gregor Grant, setting forth that in 
the Year 1781, with the permission of this Board, he took Possession of 
a Lot of Ground situate in States Street, near the English Church, for 
which he agreed to pay the same Rent which John Stewart paid for his 
Lot, which he was informed was Ten Shillings per auum, and that the 
Lot of the said John Stewart was so Situated at the time he took pos- 
session thereof that it admitted of being Built upon without any altera- 
tion ; that the Petitioner hath since much improved his Lot by diging 
away part of the Elill and Levelling it, and that he has Built a house 
thereon and prays that an abatement may be made of his Rent. 

Resolved that the said Petition be Referred to assistant Visscher, and 
that he report thereon at the next meeting of this Board. 

On Reading a Petition of Abraham Bogert, requesting a Deed from 
this Board for a Lot of Ground in Foxes Creek : 

Resolved that the said Petition be referred to Alderman Gansevoort 
and assistants Cuyler & Wendell, and that they report thereon with all 
Convenient Speed. 

Resolved that the Ordinance for Paveing and Cleaning the streets. 
Lanes and alleys and for preventing Nuisances in this City, be published 
in the Albany Gazette. 

Resolved that Rings and Bolts be made immediately for the purpose 
of fastning the Sloops to the several Docks of this City, and that the 
members of the first ward cause those to be made for the Lower Dock, 
the members of the Seccond ward those for the Midle Dock, and the 
members of the third ward those for the Upper Dock, and that said 
Members respectively be empowered to draw on the Dock masters for the 
amount of the Expences attending the Same. 

The Board adjourned till 5 oClock this afternoon. 



John Laiwing Jr., Mayor. 315 

The Board Met pursuant to Adjournment. 

The Board taking into consideration the Petition of Stephen Lush, 
Samuel Stringer and Others, presented to this Board on the 9th Instant, 
and a Memorial of Abraham Cuyler, Jeremiah van Rensselaer and others 
in Opposition thereto, Resolved that the prayer of the said Petition be 
not Granted. 

Resolved that the south House in the Fort be taken down and that the 
Materials be applied to the use of this Board. 

Resolved that Alderman Ten Eyck and assistants Graham and Cuyler 
be a Committee to cause the above House to be taken down, in such man- 
ner as they may think proper. 

On Reading a Petition of Seth Arnold, praying to Occupy a piece of 
Ground in Foxes Creek for a Brick Kiln : 

Resolved that the prayer of the said Petition be Granted, and that 
Mr. Arnold pay therefore the sum of Ten Shillings. 

City Hall, Albany, 22d May, 1788. 
Resolved that the Goaler be requested to have the Common Council 
Room Cleaned and that the Expeuce thereof be charged to this Board. 

City Hall, Albany, 24th May, 1788. 

On application of Thomas Burgis, setting forth that his Neighbours 
encroach on his Lot, which is Bounded on the street, and his Request to 
the Board to determine the Breadth of the Street : 

Resolved that the said application be referred to the members of the 
first ward, and that they report thereon the next meeting of this Board. 

An account of Rykert van Sante, Certified by Alderman Ten Eyck, 
was laid before the Board ; Resolved that the same be referred to the 
Committee of accounts. 

Resolved that the accounts of Mr. Mayor and Mr. Graham be referred 
to the Committee of accounts. 

Resolved that a Committee of Two be appointed to receive and Collect 
monies for the purpose of Building a new Market. The Committee 
chosen are Alderman Gansevoort and Assistant Graham. 

Mr. Chamberlain laid before the Board an act passed last meeting of 
the Legislature, entituled An Act to enable the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of the City of Albany, in Common Council convened, to 
order the raising monies by Tax for the purposes therein mentioned, 
passed 11 March, 1788. 

Resolved that pursuant to the Authority in and by the said Act Given 
and for the purposes therein mentioned, the sum of Three Hundred 
Pounds be raised, and that the Clerk furnish the assesors of this City 
with a Copy of this Resolution and a Copy of the said Act; that the 
assessors deliver the assessment when Compleated to the Chamberlain, 
and that the Chamberlain immediately issue his Warrant for the Collec- 
tion of the same in the manner directed in and by the said act. 

Resolved that the Powder House be sold at Public Vendue on Mon- 
day next, and that the Chamberlain advertize the Sale and Sell the same 
for the space of One Vear. 

Resolved that Mr. 3Jayor, Alderman Gansevoort, assistants Graham 
and Vissclier be a Committee to take into Consideration the Contract of 



316 ^le City Records, 1788. 

this BoAi-d with Baltis van Benthuysen and report thereon at the next 
meeting. 

Eesolved that on Gerrit Rykmans paying the Cost of the prosecution 
which has been Commenced against him and his Securities, as hite Cham- 
berlain, Mr. Gansevoort, as attorney for this Board, be directed to deliver 
to said Kyckman his Bond which he Gave to this Board. 

Kesolved that the Inhabitants of the third ward, from State Street to 
Stubens street, be noticed to shew cause if any they have, why Market 
Street and Maiden Lane should not be so levelled as to Convey the Water 
now running under the Market, to the River thro Maiden Lane. 

City Hall, Albany, 28th May, 1788. 

Resolved that the Ferry leased to Baltiss van Benthuysen, he immedi- 
ately taken into Possession, and that measures be taken to Oust him of 
the Possession of the House Built by him the said Baltus van Benthuy- 
sen, at the said Ferry. 

Resolved that Aldermen Ten Eyck, McClallen and Gansevoort be a 
Committee to Carry the proceeding Resolution into Effect. 

Resolved that the Committee agree with a proper Person to take. 
Charge of the said Ferry during the pleasure of this Board, and that a 
Licence be Granted and Issued by the Mayor and under the City Seal to 
such person, and that the Committee at the next meeting of the Board 
report their proceedings. 

Aldermen Ten Eyck and Douw represented to the Board that Solomon 
Johnston, one of the Constables of the Seccond ward had removed to the 
Susquehannah, and that Donald McDonald, the Other Constable, was 
Confined in Goal ; Therefore Resolved that an Election be held in the 
said ward for Chusing two Constables In the Room of the said Solomon 
Johnston and Donald McDonald, at such time and place as the aldermen 
of the said ward shall direct and appoint. 

On Reading an Ordinance entituled an Ordinance for keeping in 
repair the public Highways and Roads in the City & its Liberties ', 

Resolved that the same do pass. 

City Hall, Albany, 31st May, 1788. 

On Reading a Petition of Alexander McGilvory, praying leave to 
Build a House next to Alexander Clark, or Opposite the same on the 
north side of the Street ; Resolved that the prayer of the said Petition 
be referred to Aldermen Hun and Ten Eyck, and that they report thereon 
with all Convenient Speed. 

Resolved that the Mayor Grant a Licence under his hand and the seal 
of this City To such Persons as the Committee appointed to take Pos- 
session of the Ferry shall appoint, for the Term of Fourteen days, and 
for such rent as the Committee think proper. 

Resolved that Assistant Wendell be added to the Committee to take a 
View of the Ground about the Market House and determine whether 
it is practicable to Carry the water down Maiden Lane, and what in their 
opinion would be the expence of doing the same. 

City Hall, Albany, 3d June, 1788. 
Resolved that Mr. Mayor, Alderman Gansevoort & assistant Visscher 
be a Committee to take order for Obtaining Possession of the Ferry. 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor. 317 

The Poll for the election of Two constables in the Second ward of this 
City being returned, from which it appears that John Bull and John 
Andrews are Elected. Mr. John Bull appeared before the Board and 
took the Oath of Allegiance and Office. 

Resolved that the Mayor pay unto Alderman McClallen the Sum of 
Two Pounds, to be applied towards the payment of Labourers to work at 
the Koad on the South side of the Fort. 

Resolved that the City Surveyor so Range the Street called Midle 
alley as not to take more of the same street than seven Inches at the Lot 
of AYalsh & Staats. 

City Hall, Albany, 10 June, 1788. 

Resolved that Gerrit Gr. Lansing, James Bloodgood and Isaac Parker 
be employed to ascertain the Value of the ferry House which Mr. Baltus 
Van Benthuysen agrees to, and that after the Sum is ascertained, a Lease 
be executed by this Board to Baltus Van Benthuysen at the rate of 
£136 a Year, fi-om the Date of his Foi'mer Contract, to discharge the 
said Sum reported, containing such covenants and provisions as the Com- 
mittee appointed for the adjustment of the ferry accounts shall devise to 
enforce the possessor of the said ferry to keep a Good ferry. 

Mr. Gerrit Van Den Bergh applied to the board to prevent the digging 
of a well in the Street near his Lot ; Ordered that Aldermen Ten Eyck 
& Gansevoort, with Mr. Willett, be a Committee to inspect the title of 
Mr. Van Den Bergh to the ground adjoining the Street at that Place and 
determine the proper Spot for the well. 

Mrs. Campbell, late Mrs. Foster, applied to have an account settled 
that was rendered some time since to this board, which is lost & does not 
appear among the papers of the Chamberlain; Resolved that Messrs. 
Willett & Graham be a committee to examine her claim and report thereon. 

Passed an Ordinance entitled an Ordinance the better to prevent Stran- 
gers from becoming chargeable to the City of Albany. Also An Ordi- 
nance entitled an Ordinance for regulating the fixing of Gutters. 

City Hall, Albany, 21st June, 1788. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain to pay the 
Executors of Nicholas Brewer deceased, the amounts of their accounts, 
being £13:15:9. 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts, to wit; T. V. W. Graham; assessors; Gregor Grant. 

Resolved That any Inhabitant or Person liable to work on the High- 
ways, who shall produce to the Overseers a Certificate from the Chamber- 
lain that such Inhabitant, &c., has paid for the number of Days he has 
been rated at, shall be excused from personal Labour. 

The Committee appointed to enquire into the Demand of Mary Camp- 
bell, for an account delivered this Board in the year 1777, of her former 
Husband, John Foster, beg Leave to report, that they have enquired of 
Peter Sharp & Guysbert G. Marselis ; that Mr. Sharp says that he deliv- 
ered a Leafe of a book Containing an acct. against the Corporation, 
amounting to £40. Mr. Marselis has an acct. against Foster of £15:19:8, 
Chiefly cash lent him, as he knew that lie was in the Corporation employ, 
from which information they think the Demand is Just. 



318 The City Records, 1788. 

Resolved that the Chamberlain pay to Mary Campbell whatever bal- 
lance may appear to be due to her late Husband, John Foster, after de- 
ducting whatever Sum may be charged against the said John Foster in 
the books of this Board, from the Sum of forty pounds, above reported 
to be due. 

Resolved that the application of Stephen Lush, Samuel Stringer and 
others, respecting the Streightening of Middle Alley be reconsidered, 
and that the same be referred to the Recorder & the members of the 
Second and Third Wards, and that they report thereon with all conve- 
nient Speed. 

City Hall, Albany, 29th June, 1788. 

On Reading a Petition of Herman Quackenbush, requesting a Grant 
for a Piece of Land at Schaticoke, adjoining his Farm; 

Resolved that the said Petition be referred to the Committee appointed 
to take up the Schaticoke Business. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts: One in favour of Gregor Grant, for £5:10:3; James 
Elliott £11:4; John Palmer £0:10; Nathaniel Davis £0:11; T. V. W. 
Graham £3:4; Rykert van Sante £2:0:3; Samuel Stringer k Stephen 
Lush £6:16. 

Resolved that the Salary of the Marshall for the future be twenty 
pounds per annum. 

Resolved that assistant Winne cause an auger to be made to be used 
for the Wells and Pumps for the use of this Board, and that the expence 
attending the same be charged to this board. 

Resolved that the Path Masters of the Respective wards of this City 
be empowered to draw orders on the Chamberlain for the Payment of any 
Sum of 3Ioney not exceeding such sum as shall have been paid for in 
said Ward. 

Resolved that the Path Masters of the first ward cause the Road ' 
leading from the City Hall to the ferry and from thence to Washington 
Street, to be put in Repair, and that part of the money to be drawn 
from the Chamberlain appropriated to that Use. 

City Hall, Albany, 3rd July, 1788. 
Resolved that this Board celebrate the Anniversary of the Indepen- 
dency of the United States. 

City Hall, Albany, 4th August, 1788. 
Resolved that the Committee appointed to obtain Letters Patent for 
the Lands Located at Fort Hunter, do without delay apply to the Sur- 
veyor General for Returns to the Warrants of Survey issued on the said 
Location, and take immediate measures to procure the Letters Patent to 
be expedited for the same. 

City Hall, Albany, 16th August, 1788. 

Resolved that the Lands at Fort Hunter be Leased for the Term of 

Seven years from the 26th August Instant, at a Bushell of wheat per 

acre, in Quantities not Less than fifty acres, & that a Committee of three 

be appointed to ascertain the Persons to whom the same are to be Leased ; 



John Lansi7uj Jr., Mayor. 319 

the Committee chosen for the purpose are Aldermeu Hun & Price and 
Assistant Cuyler. 

_ Kesolved that the members of the several wards take order for repair- 
ing the bridges in their respective wards without delay, and that the 
btone necessary to complete the Business be taken from the Fort 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts: one of Timothy Parks; Cannah Chesom ; John Chisholm ; 
John Murphey; John Tunicliff; 2 of John Price. 

T, 1 wi . , r„ 1 . ^'^^^ ^-^'''"' ^^Ibany, 30th August, 1788. 
Kesolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain to pay The- 
odorus V W. Graham six pounds, to be applied to the Building of a 
new lAIarket, presented by Mr. Graham for that purpose. 

Resolved that an account be referred to the (Jommittee of accounts of 
Robert Lansing. 

Resolved that a Lease be granted to John McGilvray for a Lott of 
Ground Beginning at Queen Street & running South along the Lott of 
Henry Ten Eyck, Lsqr, two hundred & fourteen feet in Length, and in 
front and Rear thirty four feet, for the Term of sixteen Years, at an 
annual Rent ot one pound four Shillings; That the Mayor sign the Same 
and that the City Seal be thereunto affixed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts : one in favour of Timothy Parks for £1:6 ; Cannah 
v%^T. ^ T i' ^'^}'' Murphy £1:5; John Chisholm £0:8; John Tuni- 
chff £7:6; John Price £6:8; Do. £0:17. 

Resolved the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
accounts : one in favour of Coffee Edgar; 1 Do. Matthias Kuo-lar. 

Resolved that this Board will fill up the Lott given in exchange to 
Mrs. Sarah ^ isscher, for the Lott in the Street, and remove the StabTe ou 
the Same at the expence of this Board. 

Resolved that Aldermen Hun & Gansevoort and assistant Cuyler be a 
Committee to Draught an Ordinance to repeal that part of the Ordinance 
Entitled an Ordinance for Paving and Cleaning the Streets, Lanes and 
alleys and for preventing nuisances in this City as directs the Paviuo- of 
the Streets to the extent of twenty feet. ^ 

The Committee appointed to ascertain the Persons to whom the Lands 
are tobe Leased at Port Hunter, Report that Leases be granted to the 
tollowing Persons for the following Lotts, viz : 

Jj^ ^ Q \ T° J^l^<\"°«« X"^" '^^''"' ^°'' 1' ^^^'^^ ; 2, To Jacob Sever, 
5; ^Vl' ^ Goun Van Beuren, 50 Do.; 4, To Nicholas Hansen, 50 
Do ; 5, lo Barent Hansen, 50 Do.; 7, To Jacob Collier, 50 Do.; 8 To 
Gideon Marlett, 50 Do.; 9, 10 & 11, To John Visscher & Heiu-y Van 
Hoesen, 114 Do.; 12, To John Visscher, 50 Do. 

Resolved that the board agree with the Committee in their report 
Provided that the Tenants pay" the Rent for the present Year and 
leave all arrearages of Rent that are on their respective Lots; 
Iha a clause of Re-entry be inserted in the Leases in case of non pay- 
ment of the Rent, k in case of Sale to give up the Possession ; That the 
lenants Leave the fences in good Repair at the End of the Term & to 
deliver up Possession peaceably. 

The Committee farther reported that the Lot of 50 acres to be Leased 
to Cideon Marlett contains no more than about Eighteen acres of Cleared 



320 The City Records, 1788. 

Land, and as by tlio Resolution of the 16th August last, the Rent is fixed 
at a Bushel an acre, they Submit to the board whether Mr. Marlett ought 
to pay for the whole number of acres. 

Resolved that for as many acres of the said Lot Mr. Marlet takes a 
Lease for, he pay at the rate of a bushel an acre. 

City Hall, Albany, 2nd September, 1788. 

Resolved that assistant Cuyler be added to the Committee to compleat 
the exchange of a Lott of Ground with Mrs. Sarah Visscher in the Room 
of assistant Graham, who is agoing to leave Town, and that they have 
power to contract for the filling up of the Lott and the Removal of the 
Stable, and that they report the proposals of the Contract at the next 
meeting of this board. 

Alderman Ten Eyck, from the Committee to take a view of the Ground 
at the Market House, reported that it is the opinion of the Committee 
that it is practicable to carry the water running through Mrs. Lansing's 
Lot through Maiden Lane by making a Common Street Drain, into which 
the Diff"erent Drains now emptying into the Creek running through the 
said Lot may be conveyed. 

Resolved that the Path Masters of the respecting Wards of the City 
make a return to this board by Saturday next, what Persons in their 
respective Wards have neglected to work the number of Days they have 
been assessed. 

An Ordinance Entitled An Ordinance to suspend that part of an Ordi- 
nance passed 19th day of April last, which respects the paving of the 
Streets, Lanes and iVlleys in this City, was this day read, passed and 
published. 

Resolved that the Clerk make out Leases for the Tenants residing at 
Fort Hunter, and that the Mayor Sign the Same, and that the Common 
Seal be thereunto affixed. 

City Hall, Albany, 6th September, 1788. 

Mr. Mayor laid before the board the acets. of the Commissioners ap- 
pointed to Remove the Obstructions in Hudsons River at the Overslagh ; 
Resolved that the same be referred to Aldermen Douw & McClellan & 
Assistant Willett, and that they report thereon with all convenient speed. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an Order on the Chamberlain to pay 
James Milligan one pound one Shilling. 

A Return of the Overseers of the Highways of the third ward having 
been read, by which it appears that the work for which an assessment was 
made was performed; Ordered that the Overseers aforesaid employ as many 
men as they may think necessary to repair the Highways and particularly 
that the Road Leading from this City to Schenectady be immediately put in 
good repair, and that the Chamberlain pay on the Order of the said 
overseers such sums of Money as may be necessary to pay the wages of 
the men employed in the said Business, at the rate of not more than four 
Shillings by the day for every able bodied man, to the amount of the 
sum Received from the Inhabitants of the said third ward on the said 
assessment. 

Ordered that previous to drawing the said Money the Persons who 
have been delinquent be again warned to work on the Highways. 

Ordered the overseers of the Highways of the second ward be required 



John Lansing Jr., Mayor, 321 

to employ the Persons assessed in that ward, & who have not worked or 
paid, in repairing the Highway leading from this City to Schenectady 
without Delay. 

A Motion was made by Alderman Ten Eyck and seconded by Assistant 
Visscher, that the board agree with the Committee in their Keport re- 
specting the exchange Between this board and the Vestry of the Epis- 
copal Church of this City, The Question being put, It was passed in the 
negative. 

City Hall, Albany, 13th September, 1788. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw orders on the Chamberlain to pay the 
following accounts : One in favour of Robert Lansing, for £6:5:2 ; 1 Do. 
Coife Edgar £0:12. 

Mr. Visscher, from the Committee appointed to compleat the exchange 
between this board and Mrs. Visscher, Reported that they have corn- 
pleated the same and that the Committee have agreed to deliver to Mrs. 
Visscher twelve Loads of Stone at her Lot, in addition to what has here- 
tofore been agreed between them. 

Resolved that the -Board agree with the Committee in their Report. 

City Hall, Albany, 20th September, 1788. 

Resolved that the following accounts be referred to the Committee of 
following accounts : One in favour of Timothy Park, Folsom & Eights, 
Catheline Bleecker, Gregor Grant, Dirrick Hilton, John Guyer, William 
Van Wie, James Radcliff, Do., George Charles, Philip Elsworth, John 
Radlie. 

Resolved that the Clerk draw an order on the Chamberlain, to pay 
Simon Baldwin twenty two pounds one Shilling and three pence. 

On Readiog an application of John Campbell for about one acre of 
Ground below the Hospital for the Term of fifteen Years; 

Resolved that the said application be referred to the Members of the 
second ward, and that they report thereon with all Convenient Speed. 

On Reading a Letter of Daniel Hale, setting forth that the boundaries 
of the Lot of Ground he Lately bought from this board, do not run 
back as far as the Lots of the Recorder, Mr. Bogert k, others, and that 
he is willing to purchase from this board so many feet as will bring the 
same in a range with the Lots of the Recorder, Mr. Bogert & others; 

Resolved that the said Letter be referred to the members of the first 
ward, and that they report thereon by Saturday next. 

Assistant Wendell, from the Committee appointed to examine Sundry 
papers laid before the board by their Chamberlain, Report that they have 
Examined the Release from this board to the Minister, Elders & Deacons 
of the Reformed Dutch Church and also the minutes of Common Coun- 
cil, in which they find a Resolution for the sale of 153 acres to the said 
Minister, Elders & Deacons, for the sum of fifty pounds, subject to a 
yearly rent of twenty Shillings, which rent appears to be still due for 
twenty Seven Years, as there is no Credit Given for any Rent for the 
said Tract of Land. 

Also, that on examining the Deed To Thomas Seeger for Lott Number 
4, Sold to him for thirty eight pounds, subject to a rent of twenty Shil- 
lings Yearly, there appears to be twenty two pounds due for rent of said 

Hist. Coll. V. 41 



322 TJie City Records, 1788. 

Lott, They Submit to the board (Considering the Poverty of said See- 
gcr) that the Corporation reenter on the said premises, agreeable to the 
Terms of said Release ; thereupon Resolved that Re-entry be made. 

That on Examining the Lease to David Gibson, they find he has paid 
twenty one pounds on the Execution of said Lease for twenty one years, 
and that by the minutes of Common Council it appears that the said 
Gibson was to have another Lott adjoining to the one Leased, for the 
yearly rent of ten Shillings, which rent is still due from said Gibson for 
twenty three years. Resolved that the said Gibson pay the arrearages 
of rent in six Months, or that the premises be disposed of at public Ven- 
due for the Term of fifteen Years ; That if he pays the arrearages of 
Rent, he be entitled to a Renewal of his Lease, or an annual Rent to be 
agreed on. 

That on examining the Release from the Corporation to Philip Cuyler, 
they find it was never executed, But that it appears by the books that he 
has paid twenty six pounds five Shillings for the Letts and six pounds 
for three Years rent. They are informed that the Letts are now Sup- 
posed to be the Property of Coll. Lewis (by purchase from said Cuyler), 
who refuses to pay the rent due, being thirty four pounds. Resolved 
that the said Letts be sold by the Chamberlain at Public Vendue, to the 
highest Bidder, subject to an annual Rent of twenty Shillings for each 
Lott ; That the usual articles of Sale be immediately subscribed by the 
Purchasers. 

That between the Lott Leased to David Gibson & Mary Wilkenson are 
two Letts, one in the Possession of the Widow Cole and the other in 
possession of Christopher Oly, they submit to the board to sufi"er the 
Widow Cole to continue on her Lott on account of her poverty. Rent 
free. 

Resolved that the said Widow Cole continue on her Lott, rent free, 
during the pleasure of this Board, and that Christopher Oly have a Lease 
for the Lott in his possession for fifteen Years, at eight -Shillings per 
annum, as the Committee are informed that the Lott was engaged to him 
at that Rate. 

They also Report, that Mr. Volkert P. Douw has Lott No. 2, between 
Pitts Street & the Land of Abraham Wendell, on the Hill, for which he 
has no Deed, nor does it appear that the said Lott has ever been paid 
for, that the Rent for twenty two Years is still due. 

Resolved that the Committee ascertain the amount of the Purchase 
money and Settle with Mr. Douw the sum due for the same. 

That Martin Myndersen has Lott No. 1, between Woelf Street & 
Queen Streets, for which he has no Deed, tho' he is Charged for the Lot 
& Rent, & has Cr. for his accompt amounting to fifty five Pounds eigh- 
teen Shillings, by which there is still a ballance in his favour of one 
pound nineteen Shillings. 

Resolved that a Deed be executed in the usual form to said Myndertse 
reserving a Rent of twenty Shillings per annum. 



[ 323 ] 



PINKSTER FESTIVITIES IN ALBANY SIXTY 
YEARS AGO. 

[This great festival of the negroes when slavery existed in the state, 
and when every family of wealth or distinction possessed one or more 
slaves, took place usually in May, and continued an entire week. It 
began on the Monday following the Whitsunday or Pentecost of the 
Catholic and Episcopal churches, and was the carnival of the African 
race, in which they indulged in unrestrained merriment and revelry. 
The excesses which attended these occasions were so great that in 1811 
the common council was forced to prohibit the erection of booths and 
stalls, the parades, dances, gaming and drunkenness, with which they 
were attended, under penalty of fine or imprisonment ; and being thereby 
deprived of their principal incitements and attractions, the anniversary 
soon fell into disuse, and is therefore unknown to the present generation. 
The following account of the Pinkster jubilee is taken from the Cultivator, 
for which it was written by Dr. James Eights, as the recollections of 
what he witnessed in his youth, when the custom was at its zenith. 
Pinkster hill, the scene of these celebrations, was the site of the Capitol, 
before the hand of man was stretched forth to pull down that eminence. 
Afterwards it was held at various places, but on the death of King 
Charles, it was observed with less enthusiasm, and finally sank into such 
a low nuisance as to fall under the ban of the authorities.] 

Bright and beautifully broke the morning that ushered in the first 
great day of the Pinkster jubilee. The air was filled with melody, and 
the purple hued martins, from their well provided shelter against the 
walls, or from the far-projecting eaves of many antiquated mansions, 
were chattering with noisy garrulity, as if in thankfulness for having 
been brought safely through the night to witness the light of this new- 
born day. The lilacs in the garden around were everywhere redolent 
with sweet smelling odors, while the pink blossomed azalias from the 
neighboring plains fairly saturated the bright morning air with their 
ever-delicious fragrance. But, within doors, all was bustling commotion, 
nor did the overjoyous little ones, with their merry, gleesome mirth-ring- 
ing music to the ear, contribute greatly to quell these conflicting tumults 
within, and bring peace and order to this bewildering scene ; but at every 
turn, where'er you went, you would be sure to encounter some one or 
more of these juvenile prattlers, frisking about with various garments 
on their arms and sometimes strewing them in wild dismay, all over the 
chamber floor, calling lustily for aid to adjust them in their befitting 
position ; nor could a frown or even a scolding tongue for a moment quiet 
them in their noisy vociferations and frolicsome glee. 

Quiet in some degree was at length restored to the household. The 
younger members of the family — both white and colored — had peace- 
fully submitted to the process of cleansing, and were now tastefully adorned 
in all their varied finery, with numberless small coins merrily jingling in 
their ample pockets, seemingly keeping time to their sprightly move- 



324 Pinkster Festivities in Albany Sixty Years Ago. 

ments, as -well as to the silvery music of tteir mirthful voices. To 
witness this scene of innocent delight was a pleasing sight to all, and 
caused the bright eye of the mother to sparkle with pride, and her affec- 
tionate heart to expand within her bosom. 

Under the careful guidance of a trusty slave, forth we were ushered 
into the densely thronged streets, and never shall we forget the scene 
of gayety and merriment that there prevailed — joyous groups of child- 
ren, all under the protecting care of some favorite old dame or damsel, 
gayly decorated with ribbons and flowers of every description, blithly 
wending their way along the different avenues that led to the far-famed 
Pinkster hill — and long before we reached the appointed place of rejoic- 
ing, were our ears greeted with the murmuring sound of many voices, 
harmoniously intermingled with the occasional shouts of boisterous mirth, 
and when we arrived on the field we found the green sward already dark- 
ened by the gathering multitude, consisting chiefly of individuals of 
almost every description of feature, form and color, from the sable sons 
of Africa, neatly attired and scrupulously clean in all their holiday 
habiliments, to the half clad and blanketed children of the forest, ac- 
companied by their squaws, these latter being heavily burdened with all 
their different wares, such as baskets, moccasins, birch-bark, nick nacks, 
and many other things much too numerous for us even here to mention, 
and boys and girls of every age and condition were everywhere seen 
gliding to and fro amid this motley group. 

The Pinkster grounds, where we now found ourselves comfortably 
provided for in a friendly booth or tent, securely protected from the 
pressure of the swaying multitude without, gave us a most convenient 
opportunity to inspect the place, and witness at our leisure the entire 
proceedings of this tumultuous mass of human beings, as they passed in 
disorderly review before our eyes. The grounds were quaintly laid out 
in the form of an oblong square, and closely hemmed in with the rude 
buildings on every side save one, and this was left free, so as to give 
entrance and freely to admit the crowd. Beyond this square, and in the 
rear of all the tents, were to be found the spaces appropriated to the 
various exhibitions, such as of wild animals, rope dancing, circus-riding 
and the playing ground of all simple gaming sports. Here might be 
seen for a moderate pittance, the royal tiger of Bengal, and the lordly 
lion from Africa, with a monkey perched over the entrance door, pro- 
fusely provided for by the youth and children of the white population ; 
and much did these little ones enjoy themselves in witnessing the won- 
derful agility with which this diminutive satire on man caught the 
numerous cakes and other good things thrown within his reach ; and 
then there was Mademoiselle Some-one, with a hard, unpronounceable 
name, to perform amazing wonders on the slack rope ; and in the next 
enclosure was Monsieur Gutta Percha, to ride the famous horse Selim, 
and throw a somerset through a blazing hoop, attended by the great 
E,ickett, the celebrated clown of the day, to display his stock of buffoonery 
on horseback, and break his neck, if necessary, to afford the amplest 
satisfaction to the assembled auditors. 

Thus passed the first day of the festival, merry enough, no doubt, 
but, being considered vastly ungenteel for the colored nobility to make 
their appearance on the commencing day, we must defer our more minute 
details of the ceremonies until the approaching morrow. 



Pinhster Festivities in Albany Sixty Years Ago. 325 

Tlie morning sun rose again as beautifully over the smiling landscape 
as on the preceding clay, and cast a cheerful glow of animation over every- 
thing around ; the excited youngsters, too, were all awake at the early 
chirping of the birds, and with their silver-toned voices gave a lively 
chorus to the sm-rouuding scene. After the preliminary preparation, 
as on the previous day, each was again attired in an appropriate manner 
to revisit the festal meeting at the usual hour. Early again the crowd 
were assembled, fully prepared to enter with pleasurable feelings into all 
the exciting events, as they from time to time should transpire ; but far 
more circumspect were they, and orderly in their demeanor, as all the 
more respectable members of their community were there to witness any 
discreditable act, and ever afterward be sure to reward the transgressors 
with their most severe indignation and contempt. 

The master of ceremonies, on this occasion — the Beau Brummel of 
the day — was Adam Blake, then body servant to the old patroon, and a 
young man in all the grace and elegance of manner, which so eminently 
characterized his progress through life until his dying day; to him was 
unanimously entrusted the arduous duty of reducing to some kind of 
order this vast mass of incongrueut material, which his superior ability 
soon enabled him to accomplish with complete success. 

The hour of ten having now arrived, and the assembled multitude 
being considered most complete, a deputation was then selected to wait 
upon their venerable sovereign king, " Charley of the Pinkster hill," 
with the intelligence that his respectful subjects were congregated, and 
were anxiously desirous to pay all proper homage to his majesty their 
king. Charles originally came from Africa, having, in his infant days, 
been brought from Angola, in the Guinea gulf; and soon after his arri- 
val became the purchased slave of one of the most ancient and respect- 
able merchant princes of the olden time, then residing on the opposite 
bank of the Hudson. He was tall, thin and athletic; and although the 
frost of nearly seventy winters had settled on his brow, its chilling influ- 
ence had not yet extended to his bosom, and he still retained all the 
vigor and agility of his younger years. Such were his manly attributes 
at this present time. 

Loud rang the sound of many voices from the neighboring street, 
shoutingly proclaiming the arrival of the master of the revels, and soon 
the opening crowd admitted him within their presence, and never, if our 
memory serve us, shall we forget the mingled sensations of awe and 
grandeur that were impressed on our youthful minds, when first we 
beheld his stately form and dignified aspect, slowly moving before us 
and approaching the centre of the ring. His costume on this memorable 
occasion was graphic and unique to the greatest degree, being that worn 
by a British brigadier of the olden time." Ample broad cloth "scarlet coat, 
with wide flaps almost reaching to his heels, and gayly ornamented every- 
where with broad tracings of bright golden lace; his small clothes were of 
yellow buckskin, fresh and new, with stockings blue, and burnished 
silver buckles to his well-blacked shoe ; when we add to these the tri- 
cornered cocked hat trimmed also with lace of gold, and which so grace- 
fully set upon his noble, globular pate, we nearly complete the rude 
sketch of the Pinkster king. 

The greetings were at length over, and the hour of twelve having 
arrived, peace and tranquility had once more been partially restored to 



326 Pinkster Festivities in Albany Sixty Years Ago. 

the multitude ; his majesty, the king, was in the midst of his assembled 
friends and subjects, and the accomplished master of the ceremonies, 
■with his efficient aids were busily employed in making the necessary 
arrangements to commence the festivities with zeal and earnestness ; 
partners were then selected and led out upon the green, and the dancing 
was about to commence. 

The dance had its peculiarities, as well as everything else connected 
with this august celebration. It consisted chiefly of couples joining in 
the performances at varying times, and continuing it with their utmost 
energy until extreme fatigue or weariness compelled them to retire and 
give space to a less exhausted set ; and in this successive manner was the 
excitement kept up with unabated yigor, until the shades of night began 
to fall slowly over the land, and at length deepen into the silent gloom 
of midnight. 

The music made use of on this occasion, was likewise singular in the 
extreme. The principal instrument selected to furnish this important 
portion of the ceremony was a symmetrically formed wooden article 
usually denominated an eel-pot, with a cleanly dressed sheep skin drawn 
tightly over its wide and open extremity — no doubt obtained expressly 
for the occasion from the celebrated Fish slip, at the foot of the Maiden's 
lane. Astride this rude utensil sat Jackey Quackenboss, then in his 
prime of life and well known energy, beating lustily with his naked 
hands upon its loudly sounding head, successively repeating the ever wild, 
though euphonic cry of Hi-a-bomba, homba, bomba, in full harmony with 
the thumping sounds. These vocal sounds were readily taken up and 
as oft repeated by the female portion of the spectators not otherwise en- 
gaged in the exercises of the scene, accompanied by the beating of time 
with their ungloved hands, in strict accordance with the eel-pot melody. 
Merrily now the dance moved on, and briskly twirled the lads and 
lasses over the well trampled green sward ; loud and more quickly swelled 
the sounds of music to the ear, as the excited movements increased in 
energy and action; rapid and furious became their motions, as the 
manifold stimulating potions, they from time to time imbibed, vibrated 
along their brains, and gave a strengthening influence to all their nerves 
and muscular powere ; copiously flowed the perspiration, in frequent 
streamSj from brow to heel, and still the dance went on with all its accus- 
tomed energy and might; but the eye at length, becoming weary in gazing 
on this wild and intricate maze, would oftimes turn andseek relief by search- 
ing for the king, amid the dingy mass; and there, enclosed within their 
midst, was his stately form beheld, moving along with all the simple grace 
and elastic action of his youthful days, now with a partner here, and then 
with another there, and sometimes displaying some of his many amusing 
antics, to the delight and wonderment of the surrounding crowd, and 
which, as frequently, kept the faces of this joyous multitude broadly 
expanded in boisterous mirth and jollity. And thus the scene continued 
until the shades of night and morning almost mingled together, when 
the wearied revelers slowly retired to their resting places, and quickly 
sought their nightly repose. i 

Morning again returned with all its renovating influence, when most of 
the sable throng were seen loitering along the streets toward the accus- 

' See page 56 of this volume. 



Pinkster Festivities in Albany Sixty Years Ago. 327 

tomed field of sports ; and tte bright day moved merrily onward to its 
close, with all the happy enjoyments of that which had preceded it; and 
long ere the night had again arrived, the upper class of revelers had left 
the ground to seek entertainment elsewhere, or spend the evening in tea- 
party gossip, among their numerou3 friends and visitors. And thus 
terminated the third day of the Pinkster festival. 

On the succeeding fourth and fifth days, the grounds were left to the 
free enjoyment of the humbler classes, and well did they improve the 
time in joyous merriment until near the close of the latter, when, 
instigated by the more potent draughts they swallowed, speedily brought 
on wrangling discord, quickly succeeded by rounds of fighting, bruised 
eyes, and bloody noses unnumerated, big Jack Van Patten, the city bully, 
being unanimously declared the champion of the lists, having successfully 
overthrown all his numerous opponents. 

The last day of the week, and also of the Pinkster revels, was chiefly 
occupied in removing the unpurchased materials from the field, and 
also in the distribution of the remaining vestiges of the broken 
meats and pastries to the poorer classes of individuals who still lingered 
about the now almost abandoned ground of rejoicing. Some few liquor- 
ing establishments still continued their traffic, being amply patronized by 
the more rude and belligerent number that yet remained, as if loth to 
leave the endearing spot as long as a stimulating drop could there be 
procured. 

The following sabbath was literally considered by them as really a day 
of rest, and mid-day's sun was at its height e'er many awoke from their 
refreshing slumbers, and the succeeding day found the numerous visitors 
joyfully journeying toward their respective homes. Our ancient city 
was at length again left to its usual quietude, and all things within its 
confines soon became properly restored to its accustomed routine of duty 
and order. And thus ended the Pinkster holidays, with all its rolicking 
festivities. 



[ 328 ] 



ALBANY AS SEEN BY TOURISTS, 



THE REV. ISAAC FIDLER. 
1832. 

[Mr Fidler, dissatisfied with the government and state of things in 
his own country, came to this with a view of adopting it for his residence. 
His experience here is briefly stated.] 

With the consul's introduction, my letters of orders, and several testi- 
monials I had lately obtained from England,! embarked on board a steam- 
boat for Albany, the capital of New York state. This was on the 
sixteenth of April. Another steamboat, of a greater power and a faster 
sailer, left New York after us, and overtook us before we had ascended 
the river many miles. The captain of the steamboat I was in, boasted 
manfully, that his was incomparably the speedier vessel, and that he could 
leave the other at any distance he chose. In short, he was only waiting 
for her arrival in order to give her a fair trial, by putting on all his steam. 
As she approached, which she did with an imposing rapidity, he foolishly 
and unfairly crossed her course, that he might hinder her from passing. 
This manoeuvre he repeated, until the captain of the other perceiving 
himself willfully obstructed without provocation, ordered his helmsman 
to direct his prow against the broadside of his opposer. The crash that 
followed was tremendous, and carried away the railwork of half the side, 
as well as the boat of our vessel. Bars of iron, an inch in thickness, 
were bent and twisted like slender wires. A few reproaches of unfair- 
ness on the one hand, and a few threats of action for damages on the other, 
terminated this foolish rencontre. The passengersof the victorious boat gave 
utterance to their sense of the bravery of the captain, and the superiority 
of their boat ; then passed triumphantly before us, and we saw them no more 
till our arrival at Albany. Some of the passengers of our vessel encouraged 
the captain to retaliate ; but. from prudence or cowardice, he declined. 
Similar amusements to those mentioned in my voyage to lioston were 
resorted to, as soon as darkness covered the landscape. The beauties of 
the Hudson have often been celebrated, but not above their merit. All 
ice and snow had disappeared at New York, before I left it ; but on our 
approaching Albany, a distance of one hundred and sixty miles, large 
masses of both presented themselves. The consul had mentioned my 
name to a gentleman of this city, and requested me to call on him ; which 
I did. I found the same disposition to oblige and gratify, which I had 
observed elsewhere; and am persuaded, that the really respectable are 
as much in advance, as the other classes are in arrear, of the civil institu- 
tions of the country. Among other places, he showed me the Capitol, 
the State House, &c., &c., and introduced me to some of the members of 
state legislation. The youthful appearance of many of the legislators 
struck me with surprise. Some of them could not, if one may judge from 



Reginald Fowler, Esq., in Albany. 329 

appearance, be much above twenty years of ago. A majority of tbem 
are lawyers by profession. A newly invented instrument for ascer- 
taining the purity of oil was placed in one of the windows : it was 
considered a u.^eful invention, and its accuracy had been proved satisfac- 
torily by successive experiments. Oil being light, the same instrument 
which would sink in it, would float in other substances of greater 
specific gravity.! From Albany I traveled to Schenectady, over a 
railroad not then finished, but which allowed of steam carriages going 
one way at a time ; they could not pass each other on the road, as but 
one set of rails had been laid. This was the easiest and pleasantest 
part of my land journey, and about seventeen miles. American roads 
are such, I imagine, as English travelers have seldom seen elsewhere. 
Their coaches, also, are very inferior vehicles when compared with ours; 
the sides are not panneled, but open, and have pieces of leather, like 
curtains, which serve as weather-screens, and are let down and rolled up 
at pleasure. 



REGINALD FOWLER, ESQ., SOJOURNS IN ALBANY. 

[ This traveler published a very handsome volume in 1854, in London, 
which he entitled Hither and Thither; or, Sketches of Travels^ on both Sides 
of the Atlantic. The following extracts are taken from it, pp. 171- 81.] 

I left New York for Albany by the steamer, and traveled 145 miles 
with great comfort, in nine hours, for a dollar and a half ( Gs.). The 
Hudson is a noble stream. One bank, for some miles after leaving 
New York, is covered with country houses and their pleasure grounds ; 
the other is bounded by a flat ridge of rocks, rising to a height of about 
500 feet, forming a strong contrast to the gently sloping shore of the oppo- 
site bank. The banks gradually become more tame, the stream narrower, 
the current more rapid; and navigation for vessels of any burden ceases 
at Troy, about five miles above Albany. As far as Albany the average 
width of the almost currentless stream is about a mile ; and I myself saw 
a square-rigged ship of about 400 tons burden lying oif a wharf more than 
100 miles irom New York. Its capabilities for navigation may, therefore, 
be imagined. The banks of the river at Albany were crowded with steam^ 
ers of all sizes — one in particular, the Empire City, being of 1,000 
horse-power, and exactly the sixteenth of a mile in length. In these river 
boats the machinery is all on deck • nothing, therefore, interferes with the 
saloon below, which, in this boat, ran the whole length of the vessel, was 
elaborately decorated, and adorned from one end to the other with care- 
fully-painted marine and fancy subjects. The deck was supported by 
graceful Corinthian columns, showily gilded. This boat was the crack 
vessel on the river, and had accomplished a speed of twenty-two miles an 
hour. In the Hudson there is scarcely any current, and the tide is but 
slightly felt; the water is smooth, the river wide, and not crowded with 
vessels : nothing, therefore, interferes with the management or great 
speed of these boats. The wheel is lorward on a raised deck, a few ieet 
from the bowt, ; the rudder chains are of iron, and conducted along either 

'This was the oliometer of the late Sylvanus I. Penniman. — M. 

Hist Coll. a. 42 



330 Reginald Fowler, Esq., in Albany. 

side of the upper or hurricane-deck on grooves and rollers. The posi- 
tion of the wheel is very advantageous for the man at the helm, as he has 
a perfect command of every object around him, and can steer the vessel 
alongside the various wharves at the stopping places with precision. 
Nothing, indeed, can be more admirable than the way in which this is 
managed ; no time is lost, and there is no noise or bustle. The Ameri- 
cans take great pride in these boats, and spare no expense upon them ; 
every possible comfort is to be had on board ; and, from their peculiar 
construction, there is good shelter from the weather, without going below 
into a close cabin. The meals are well served ; the bar produces every 
kind of beverage, from gin-slings and brandy cock-tails to soda-water and 
mineral water from the Saratoga and Ballston springs. The barber's 
shop is never absent, and always filled with candidates — for the razor. 
Those Americans who travel much rarely shave themselves. In English 
steam-boats the ladies are generally worse accommodated than travelers 
of the stronger sex. In America this is not the case : the best part of 
the boat is reserved for their accommodation. All must give way to 
them. No man is admitted into the dining saloon until all the ladies are 
seated at the table, when they rush in pell mell. After that, should a 
lady require either, the chair is, without ceremony, taken from under 
you, and the plate from before you. No male epicure will here be able 
to gratify his appetite with tit-bits. Should he make an attempt to do 
so, it will be lutile. "A lady, sir!" is considered sufficient. Away 
goes his plate, which can only be followed by a sigh : remonstrance would 
be vain. The Americans pride themselves upon this courtesy to women, 
and consider it a sign of high civilization ; and they are, no doubt, right; 
but it seemed to me to be carried to an extreme, that women were treated 
like petted children, and that they must often feel rather annoyed than 
pleased by the excessive politeness and consideration shown them. At 
the same time, it is an honor to this country that an unprotected woman 
of any age may travel through its length and breadth, from Boston to 
New Orleans, from New York to the farthest west, without an insult, 
or the slightest attempt to take advantage of her youth or inexperience. 
Let us, however, find our way through lines of huge stores to Delavan's 
hotel, and after tea look around. This town, it is almost needless to say, 
is one of the oldest in the states, was founded by the early Dutch settlers, 
and is the capital of the state of New York. Here the senate and house 
of representatives for that state hold their sittings. The town is built 
on ground rising rather abruptly from the river, and partakes largely of 
the Dutch character. The main street, called State street, is broad and 
well built, but badly paved, and full of rubbish and dirt ; it terminates 
in a garden or square, in which stands the City Hall, State House, 
Academy, and Shire Hall. The State House is in pure taste and massive, 
the City Hall less so. The Baptist chapel of Ionic architecture is one 
of the most imposing buildings in the town. Trees abound in the streets, 
and the whole of the upper part of the city is well laid out in good streets 
and squares, devoted entirely to private residences. A sombre, grave, 
old-fashioned solidity and gravity reigns throughout this^ part of the 
town. Near the river, all is new, staring, bustling and thriving, a thing 
of to-day, whereas above we are carried back to the past, the era of 
Hendrick Hudson and his immediate companions. Five miles above 
Albany on the other bank of the river, stands the rival town of Troy. 



Dr. Charles Stuart Sees Albany. 331 

This place is of far more recent origin, but has risen rapidly, and bids fair 
to outstrip as a commercial entrepot its older neighbor. The Erie canal 
and the Mohawk river enter the Hudson almost opposite Troy, which 
gives it an advantage over Albany. These towns like Sparta and Athens, 
have an undying feud and hatred of each other. 



DR. CHARLES STUART SEES ALBANY. 

[ Dr. Charles Stuart, an Edinburgh physician, visited the United States 
in 1828, and arrived in Albany in August of that year. He published a 
journal of his travels in 1832, from which these extracts are made.] 

The continuance of intense heat (Fahrenheit's thermometer at 90) 
having led us to shorten our stay at New York, we, that is, the friend who 
accompanied us, my wife and I, proceeded on 28th August from New 
York, to Albany, in the North America steamer, the most beautiful and 
swift of the floating palaces on the Hudson, or, as I believe, I may add 
with truth, in the world. She left New York, at 7 A. M., and arrived 
here at half past 5 p. M. The distance is 154 miles, and the scenery 
throughout of the most interesting and diversified description. We feel, 
as having seen more of the beauties of nature in one day than we have 
ever done before, far too much to allow us accurately to recollect all that 
passed before us, or to give even a sketch of it. The Hudson is still a 
large river, and navigable for small sloops to Waterford,i thirty miles north 
from Albany, above which the tides do not flow. Our voyage of 154 miles 
occupied ten hours and a half, so that our rate of moving was nearly 
fifteen miles an hour: but, as the delay at nine landing-places, where the 
North America regularly stops in the course of each trip to Albany, occu- 
pies above an hour, the voyage was performed at a rate somewhatexceeding 
sixteen miles an hour. Albany consists of one street of very considerable 
length, parallel with the river, from which the restof the city rises abruptly. 
The Capitol, containing the chambers of the houses of representatives and 
senators, from which there is a commanding view of the city, the river, the 
canal, and the fine well-cultivated adjacent district, stands at the top of a 
steep, but handsome and very wide street, called State street, from which 
many streets and lanes, which are the crowded parts of the city, diverge. 
The population rapidly increases: in 1800, only 4000; in 1810, 10,000 ;'in 
1825, 15,000; and now certainly above 20,000. This is easily accounted 
for by the far greater facilities that have followed the introduction of 
steam-boats and the establishment of the Erie canal. Albany is now the 
second city in the state in point of population. It was originally settled by 
the Dutch in 1612, andretained by them till the year 1664, when New York 
then called ximsterdam, and Albany, then called Williamstadt, with the 
other Dutch possessions in this quarter, were surrendered to the British. 
Charles the Second granted the whole to his brother, James Duke of 
York and Albany, from whom the cities of New York and Albany take 
their names. Albany, being so near the top of the tide navigation, is a 
place of great resort and bustle. That part of the town, in which was 
our hotel, seemed full of stages and wagons, and contained an apparently 

1 Ten miles above Albany : the tide is now cut off by the Troy dam. — M, 



332 Dr. Charles Stuart Sees Alhany. 

unusual number of stores. The appearance of the city from Grcenhush, 
on the opposite side of the river, to which there is a horse ferry-boat, is 
striking and splendid; the situation, on the side of a hill, is favorable 
for every part of it being seen; and the Capitol and public buildings are 
fine large objects. The horse-ferry-boat over the river is, I believe, 
peculiar to America — certainly an American invention — and extremely 
convenient in situations where the intercourse across a river is considerable, 
yet not so great as to authorize the expenditure required for a steam boat. 
Two vertical wheels resembling the paddle-wheels of a steam-boat, are 
moved by a large wheel placed horizontally below the deck of a boat, and 
propelled by horses, so placed on its surface at the sides of the boat, from 
which the deck is removed, that the motion of their feet in grooves cut 
in the wheel moves it forward in a direction opposite to that in which they 
appear to be pressing forward. The number of horses is of course greater 
or less, according to the size of the boat, rapidity of the tide, and other cir- 
cumstances. At the north end of Albany, near the termination of Market 
street, is the residence of General Van llensselaer, the patroon, the greatest, 
or most w^ealthy, landed proprietor in the United States. The mansion- 
hous-e has more of the accompaniments of garden, shrubbery, conservatory, 
&c., than is, I am told, often seen in this country ; but no great quantity 
of land is devoted to what we call pleasure grounds. The present pro- 
prietor of these extensive possessions is a person of the most amiable and 
benevolent disposition, and greatest respectability of character — a zealous 
encourager of public improvements, and judicious manager of the vast 
property here, and in other parts of the United States, which belongs 
to him; always happiest when he has it in his power to be of use to his 
tenants, or to those with whom the care of his estates leads him to be 
connected. He is now advanced in life; and the only individual in the 
United States to whom, on account of his great property, and the venera- 
tion with which they regard him, the people have since the revolution 
continued the title or distinction which liis family had previously en- 
joyed. Even official distinctions are now on the wane in this country. 
The great possessions of the patroon have hitherto passed undivided 
to the eldest son of the family; but it seems to be understood, that the 
present proprietor, w^ho has a large family intends to divide them among 
his children, as is almost universally the practice in this country, and 
the law since the revolution, in those cases in which the proprietor does 
not otherwise devise his property. We had intended to visit the neigh- 
boring falls of the Mohawk, called the Cohoes Fall, before we set out 
from Albany to Niagara; but the heat unfits us for exertion, and has 
induced us to proceed to-morrow, on our journey to the Niagara Falls, 318 
miles to the north-west of Albany. We have found the Eagle Hotel at 
Albany very comfortable. The bedrooms, however, are as meagerly 
furnished as at New-York, ihe number of locks on the first part of 
the Erie canal is so great, that travelers generally prefer going by the 
stage to Schenectady, about fifteen miles distant from Albany. Accord- 
ingly, we took seats in the stage, and a huge coach of elliptical shape, 
hung low on strong leathern belts, and drawn by four horses, awaited us 
at the door of the hotel, on the morning of 30th August. The coach is 
somewhat wider than a six-seated English stage coach, and is much 
longer, so that there is sufficient space for a seat in the middle, and accom- 
modation for cine inside passengers. The door is placed as iu Eoglisli 



Fearoiis Report of Albany. 333 

coaches. The driver's seat is so low, that his head is pretty much on 
a level with the top of the coach. There is only room for one outside 
passenger, who sits on the same seat with the driver. The baggage is 
placed, not very securely at back of the coach, within leather aprons, 
which are buckled or tied up with ropes or chains. The top of the coach 
is fixed on a frame, that the leathern curtains round the carriage may be 
rolled up in fine weather, to afford air, and allow the country to be seen. 
The old-fashioned stages, of which some are even yet in use, contained 
four seats, the driver having his place on the front bench, and all the 
passengers entering in a very inconvenient way by the fore part of the 
carriage, and sitting with their faces to the front, which was open. The 
stage had been first of all sent to our hotel on the morning when we left 
Albany. We were afterwards driven about the town to pick up the 
remaining passengers, the practice being universal to call at the resi- 
dences of the passengers, to receive them and their baggage. Having 
been told that the people of this country are very subject to sickness in 
the stages, and, on that account anxious to sit with their faces to the 
front of the carriage, we took possession of the front, or foremost seat near- 
est to the driver's seat, as being the leastpopular, with our faces to the back of 
the carriage. The chancellor of the state was the first passenger, after we 
set out, for whom we called. Replaced himself in the most distant seat, but 
gave it up to a family, consisting of two ladies and children, which we 
picked up at Crutteuden's, the chief hotel at Albany, in the upper part of 
the town.i The road on which we were driven to Schenectady was in many 
parts rough, and not well engineered, but wide; and there were rows of 
large Lombardy poplars on each side of a great part of it : the soil sandy, 
and by no means fertile ; the orchards not productive ; the wood chiefly 
oak, cedar, and pine — the greater part of pine. The driver stopped twice 
on the way to give water to his horses, on account, I presume, of the heat 
of the weather; and the ladies from Providence also got water for them- 
selves and their children, always asking, before they tasted it, whether the 
water was good? The persons waiting at the doors of the hotels on the 
road — for the most trifling inn, or house of public entertainment, is 
styled a hotel — very civilly handed tumblers of water to the passengers, 
without payment of any kind. The conversation of the passengers was 
far more unrestrained than it probably would have been — more especi- 
ally had the chief justice been one of the party — in an English stage- 
coach; nor did the judge presume in the slightest degree on his high 
ofiicial situation. 



FEARON'S REPORT OF ALBANY. 

[Mr. Henry Bradshaw Fearon was deputed by thirty-nine English 
families to visit the United States for the purpose of ascertaining whether 
any and what part of the country would be suitable for their residence. 
He arrived at Albany in September, from Boston, and made the following 
remarks upon what he saw and experienced in 1817.] 

The country from Boston to Albany did not equal my expectations. 
1 Congress Hall. 



334 Fearoris Report of ATbany. 

The soil appears sterile, and there still remains immense tracts unculti- 
vated. The towns look new and handsome. A barren rock over whieh 
we traveled is named Lebanon ; — this, I observe, accords with a point 
of national character, which shows itself in a love of striking, of ancient, 
and of hard names. Counties or towns are denominated Athens, Homer, 
Virgil, Horace, Cincinnati. Men — Cicero, Brutus, Solomon. Women — 
Penelope, Adeline, Desdemona. Upon the condition of the people I 
have little more to say than to repeat my former remarks. There seems 
no absolute want : all have the essential necessaries of life ; few its luxuries. 
Their habits and manners are similar to those I have observed in 
their countrymen generally : all seem to have a great deal of leisure, 
and few, or none to occupy it for the purposes of mental improvement. 
The grossly coarse and vulgar man is as rare as the solidly intelligent 
and liberal. Ignorance, I suspect, exists a great deal more in fact than 
in appearance. Men seldom converse upon any subject except those 
connected with their immediate pecuniary interest; — few appear to have 
any regard for the general extension of liberty to the whole human family. 
In order to gain an idea of the agriculture and population of the country, 
it occurred to me to take an account, as far as I could, of the live stock, 
&c., which I saw from the road. This may appear trifling — perhaps 
almost ridiculous; but by comparing it with what you would yourself 
see, under similar circumstances, on an English road, you may gain some 
useful ideas on the subject. During the route of 180 miles, then, which 
I have just traversed, I counted twenty-five cows, ten horses, six small 
farmers' wagons, three men traveling on foot, four on horseback, two 
families in wagons removing to the western country, one on foot pursuing 
the same course. There were no beggars; — none who appeared much 
distressed. The cows and horses are smaller than ours ; but they are 
compact in shape, and well fed. After having passed through Wesboro, 
Worcester, Northampton, and Pittsfield (all towns of considerable import- 
ance, and containing many excellent buildings) I arrived late in the even- 
ing at Albany, the capital of the state of New York. It is distant from 
the city of New York about 160 miles, and lies at the head of the sloop 
navigation of the Hudson river. Should the canal to Lake Erie be 
completed, this must become a first-rate town : it is, even at pre^nt, a 
place of extensive business. The building in which the state legislature 
meet, is called " The Capitol ; " — it is situated on an elevation at the 
termination of the main street, and certainly presents a fine appearance. 
I have only time to give you the following unarranged information 
concerning Albany. The population is about 12,000. Shop-keepers, 
of whom I have conversed with several, complain most bitterly of the 
state of trade. A large body of mechanics recently left here for want of 
employment; — the wages given to those who remain are the same as at 
New York: their board is three dollars per week. I pay at my inn one 
and a half dollar per day. Eent of a house and shop in a good situation, 
is from five to seven hundred dollars per annum, and the taxes about 
twenty dollars. There are many small wood houses, which are from fifty 
to one hundred and fifty dollars per annum, according to size and situation. 
Beef, mutton, and veal, are 5c/. to Q\d. per pound; fowls, 8(7. to ^\d. 
each; ducks, 13(7. to 16(/. ; geese, 2s 3J. ; butter, 14o?. a pound ; potatoes, 
20<7. a bushel; flour, 45s. a barrel; fish, 4t7. to Id. a pound; rum and 
gin, 4s. 6<7. per gallon; brandy and hoUands, 9s. 6(7. I must still with- 



Benjamin Sillirtian Inspects the City. 335 

hold my advice upon the general subject of emigration. I am not yet 
possessed of evidence from which I can form that matured judgment, 
which should either give you encouragement, or the contrary. My feel- 
ings are certainly those of disappointment ; but/ee^i»^ is a bad guide, 
and therefore its suggestions must remain, at present, confined to my 
own bosom. Perhaps one cause of these unfavorable impressions is, that 
my ideas of this country, in common with your own, were higher than 
an experience of mankind, or a deliberate view of all the circumstances 
of this people, would have justified. Thus much, however, I can say, 
that, although I see no decidedly prominent inducement to emigration, 
yet the poor industrious man, who has got a family, and the mechanic 
who is not earning more than a guinea a week, would find their pecuniary 
affairs improved by becoming citizens of this republic. To the capitalist, 
I can as yet give no satisfactory information. The well-known citizen 
Jenet boarded at the inn at Albany, in which I took up my abode. _ When 
ambassador from the republic of France to the republic of America, he 
was peculiarly prominent, as having under his influence a large party, 
who were actively in opposition to the administration of General Wash- 
ington : he was in consequence recalled. At present he is an almost 
unnoticed individual; though his politeness in this "land without 
manners," will cause him to be remarked, at least during his seat at the 
dinner table. When I arrived at the inn, I was extremely cold. All 
the fires were surrounded by gentlemen smoking segars, and lolling back 
on chairs, with their feet fixed against the chimney piece. An idea of 
making room for a shivering stranger, seemed not to enter into their 
minds. I left Albani/ in the steam-boat Richmond, and proceeded to 
the city oi Hudson. I hasten on in my detail to the city of Neio York, 
the interior of the state not having furnished me with any features pecu- 
liarly different from those already communicated ; but I must not quit 
the noble Hudson without first contributing my share of praise, in 
acknowledgment of the delight I experienced in viewing the varied 
scenery of this magnificent river. Upon leaving Albany, the views 
which presented themselves were mild and pleasing; as we approached 
the Catskill mountains, the scene assumed the true character of bold 
and fearless grandeur. 



BENJAMIN SILLIMAN INSPECTS THE CITY, 
1819. 

[Prof Silliman's Tour to Quebec, has had the benefit of several editions, 
and was a popular book of American travels nearly half a century ago. 
It is now less frequently seen, except at the public libraries. He has 
drawn a picture of our city as it then existed.] 

Albany contains from ten to twelve thousand inhabitants, and is the 
second city in the state (we might almost say empire), of New York. Its 
latitude is 42 degrees 38 minutes, N. ; it is 160 miles from New York, 
and 164 from Boston. It rises, for the most part, rapidly from the river, 
and exhibits a very handsome appearance from the Greenbush side. The 
greater part of the" population, however, is on the flat ground, immediately 
contiguous to the river, where the Dutch, who founded the town, first 



336 Benjamin Silliman Ins]pects the City. 

commenced building, agreeably to their established habits in Holland. 
Instances are innumerable, •where -people continue fi-ora habit, what was at 
first begun from necessity, and this seems to have been the fact in the 
present case. Tiie town extends about two miles north and south, on the 
river, and, in the widest part, nearly one mile east and west. It is per- 
fectly compact, closely built, and as far as it extends, has the appearance 
of