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Officers of the Society, elected April 13, 1893 ... vii 

Resident Members viii 

Honorary and Corresponding Members x 

Members Deceased xii 

Preface xiii 

The Belcher Papers 3 

Appendix 449 

Index 523 




Elected April 13, 1893. 

$j resident. 
Rev. GEORGE E. ELLIS, D.D., LL.D Boston. 



^ecorbing Sfotwiarg. 
Rev. EDWARD J. YOUNG, D.D Waltham. 

Corrjegnonbing SSetreiarg. 


Hon. SAMUEL A. GREEN, M.D Boston. 

Cabinet- Jfoeper. 
SAMUEL F. McCLEARY, A.M Brookline. 

fenttifre Committee of % Council. 

Rev. HENRY F. JENKS, A.M Canton. 

HORACE E. SCUDDER, A.B Cambridge. 


Rev. ALEXANDER McKENZIE, D.D Cambridge. 

Hon. JOHN D. WASHBURN, LL.B Worcester. 




Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL.D. 

Rev. George E. Ellis, LL.D. 

Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D. 


Francis Parkman, LL.D. 


Oliver Wendell Holmes, D.C.L. 

Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, A.M. 

Henry W. Torrey, LL.D. 

Hon. Samuel A. Green, M.D. 

Charles Eliot Norton, LL.D. 

Rev. Edward E. Hale, D.D. 
Hon. Horace Gray, LL.D. 
Rev. Edwards A. Park, LL.D. 

William II. Whitmore, A.M. 

Hon. William C. Endicott, LL.D. 
Hon. E. Rockwood Hoar, LL.D. 

Josiah P. Quiucy, A.M. 

Samuel Eliot, LL.D. 

Henry G. Denny, A.M. 

Charles C. Smith, A.M. 
Hon. George S. Hale, A.M. 

William S. Appleton, A.M. 
Hon. Theodore Lyman, LL.D. 

Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M. 
Edward D. Harris, Esq. 

Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, LL.D. 
Winslow Warren, LL.B. 
Charles W. Eliot, LL.D. 

Charles F. Dunbar, LL.D. 
Charles Francis Adams, A.B. 
William P. Upham, A.B. 

William Everett, Litt.D. 
George B. Chase, A.M. 
lion. Henry Cabot Lodge, Ph.D. 

John T. Morse, Jr., A.B. 

Justin Winsor, LL.D. 

J. Elliot Cabot, LL.D. 



Henry Lee, A.M. 
Gamaliel Bradford, A.B. 
Rev. Edward J. Young, D.D. 
Hon. John Lowell, LL.D. 
Abbott Lawrence, A.M. 

William W. Greenough, A.B. 

Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., A.M. 

Henry W. Haynes, A.M. 

Thomas W. Higginson, A.M. 

Rev. Edward G. Porter, A.M. 

John C. Ropes, LL.B. 

Rev. Henry F. Jenks, A.M. 
Horace E. Scudder, A.B. 
Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, D.D. 
Stephen Salisbury, A.M. 
John T. Hassam, A.M. 
Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D.D. 

Arthur Lord, A.B. 
Arthur B. Ellis, LL.B. 
Clement Hugh Hill, A.M. 
Frederick W. Putnam, A.M. 
James M. Bugbee, Esq. 
Hon. John D. Washburn, LL.B. 
Rev. Egbert C. Smyth, D.D. 

Francis A. Walker, LL.D. 
Rev. Arthur L. Perry, LL.D. 

Hon. John E. Sanford, A.M. 
Uriel H. Crocker, LL.B. 
Hon. Martin Brimmer, A.B. 
Roger Wolcott, LL.B. 
William G. Russell, LL.D. 

Edward J. Lowell, A.M. 
Edward Charming, Ph.D. 

Hon. Lincoln F. Brigham, LL.D. 
Edward Bangs, LL.B. 

Samuel F. McCleary, A.M. 
William W. Goodwin, D.C.L. 
Hon. George F. Hoar, LL.D. 
Rev. Alexander V. G. Allen, D.D. 

Charles G. Loring, A.M. 

Rev. Octavius B. Frothingham, A.M. 

Solomon Lincoln, A.M. 

Edwin P. Seaver, A.M. 

Albert B. Hart, Ph.D. 
Thornton K. Lothrop, LL.B. 
George O. Shattuck, LL.B. 
James B. Thayer, LL.B. 
Hon. Henry S. Nourse, A.M. 

Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, A.M. 

Edwin Lassetter Bynner, LL.B. 

Hamilton Andrews Hill, LL.D. 

Hon. William S. Shurtleff, A.M. 

Abbott Lawrence Lowell, LL.B. 

Benjamin M. Watson, A.B. 

Rev. Samuel E. Herrick, D.D. 

Hon. Oliver W. Holmes, Jr., LL.D. 

Henry P. Walcott, M.D. 

John Fiske, A.M. 

George S. Merriam, A.M. 

Edward L. Pierce, LL.D. 

Hon. Charles R. Cod man, LL.B. 



J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.D. | Rev. William S. Southgate, A.M. 



James Anthony Froude, M.A. 

Rt. Rev. Lord A. C. Hervey, D.D. 

David Masson, LL.D. 

S.A.R. le Comte de Paris. 

Rt. Rev. William Stubbs, D.D. 

Hon. William M. Evarts, LL.D. 

Theodor Mommsen. 


Marquis de Rochambeau. 
John Robert Seeley, LL.D. 
William E. H. Lecky, LL.D. 
Very Rev. Charles Merivale, D.D. 
Ernst Curtius. 
Hon. Carl Schurz, LL.D. 



Hon. William H. Trescot. 
William Noel Sainsbury, Esq. 
Goldwin Smith, D.C.L. 
George Ticknor Curtis, A.B. 
Hon. John Meredith Read, A.M. 
Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D. 
Charles J. Stille, LL.D. 
William W. Story, D.C.L. 
M. Jules Marcou. 
M. Pierre Margry. 
Charles J. Hoadly, LL.D. 
John Foster Kirk, Esq. 
Hon. Charles H. Bell, LL.D. 
Rev. Edward D. Neil], D.D. 
Hon. Manning F. Force, LL.B. 
Samuel Rawson Gardiner, LL.D. 
Hon. John Bigelow, LL.D. 
Henry Charles Lea, LL.D. 
Hubert H. Bancroft, A.M. 
Rev. Richard S. Storrs, LL.D. 
M. Gustave Vapereau. 
William F. Poole, LL.D. 
John Austin Stevens, A.B. 
Joseph F. Loubat, LL.D. 
Charles H. Hart, LL.B. 
Rev. Moses Coit Tyler, LL.D. 

Hermann von Hoist, Ph.D. 

Franklin B. Dexter, A.M. 

John M. Brown, A.M. 

Hon. Andrew D. White, LL.D. 

George W. Ranck, Esq. 

James M. Le Moine, Esq. 

Rt. Hon. Sir George O. Trevelyan, 

Bart., D.C.L. 
Henry Adams, A.B. 
Julius Dexter, A.B. 
Rev. Henry M. Baird, D.D. 
Hon. William Wirt Henry. 
Vicomte d'Haussonville. 
James Bryce, D.C.L. 
Rev. Charles R. Weld, B.D. 
Herbert B. Adams, Ph.D. 
Signor Cornelio Desimoni. 
Hon. Jabez L. M. Curry, LL.D. 
Amos Perry, A.M. 
Horatio Hale, A.M. 
Hon. William A. Courtenay. 
Rt. Rev. Mandell Creighton, LL.D. 
John Andrew Doyle, M.A. 
Abbe Henry Raymond Casgrain, 

Alexander Brown, Esq. 



Members who have died since the last volume of the Proceedings was issued, Oct. 1, 
1892, arranged in the order of their election, and with date of death. 


Henry Wheatland, M.D Feb. 27, 1893. 

Rev. Robert Cassie Waterston, A.M Feb. 21, 1893. 

Rev. Andrew Preston Peabody, D.D Mar. 10, 1893. 

Fitch Edward Oliver, M.D Dec. 8, 1892. 

Rt. Rev. Phillips Brooks, D.D Jan. 23, 1893. 

Sir John Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D Dec. 13, 1892. 



A MONG the manuscripts which came into possession 
£*- of the Massachusetts Historical Society at its 
meeting in October, 1791, from its chief founder, Rev. 
Dr. Jeremy Belknap, were four of Governor Belcher's 
Letter-Books, the first three covering the period from 
Sept. 3, 1731, to April 21, 1735, and the fourth the 
period from Aug. 24, 1739, to Sept. 23, 1740. Subse- 
quently Rev. Dr. Joseph McKean gave the volume from 
Sept. 26, 1740, to July 25, 1743; the American Anti- 
quarian Society, the volume from Sept. 16, 1747, to Oct. 
12, 1748 ; Mr. Nathaniel G. Snelling, the volume from 
Oct. 16, 1750, to Aug. 25, 1752; and the Hon. Charles 
H. Warren, the volume from Aug. 31, 1752, to Sept. 28, 
1754. With the exception of one leaf at the beginning 
of the third volume, twenty leaves at the beginning and 
some at the end of the sixth volume, one leaf at the 
beginning of the seventh volume, and three leaves at 
the beginning of the eighth volume, which are missing 
or partly torn, these volumes are in good condition. 
There is also in possession of the Historical Society the 
latter half of a ninth volume, covering the period from 
July 9, 1755, to Dec. 30, of the same year. This frag- 
ment was probably given at the end of the last century 
or at the beginning of the present century ; but the exact 


date is not known, and it has not been ascertained with 
certainty from whom it was received. 

The four volumes which were in the possession of Dr. 
Belknap relate in large part to affairs in New Hampshire, 
and were carefully studied by him when he was preparing 
the History of New Hampshire. They contain numerous 
notes by him, and important identifications of the per- 
sons referred to by Governor Belcher under opprobrious 
nicknames. With these missiles Belcher's armory was 
profusely supplied, and he scattered them about with a 
free hand. A few of the documents in these four vol- 
umes have been printed in the New Hampshire Provincial 
Papers ; and some letters to Governor Talcott have been 
printed in the fourth volume of the Collections of the 
Connecticut Historical Society from copies furnished by 
our Society. The letters and papers which have been 
thus made accessible in other publications have not been 
printed again in the present collection, but are mentioned 
in the Appendix. In April, 1852, permission was given 
to the New Jersey Historical Society to have copies 
made of such of the papers of Governor Belcher as 
might refer to his administration of the government 
of New Jersey. This permission covered the last three 
and a half volumes ; and the copies then made have 
since been printed in the seventh and eighth volumes 
of the New Jersey Archives. 

Governor Belcher was very methodical in his habits ; 
and it is believed that he preserved a copy of nearly 
every letter written by him, of however small import- 
ance it might be. But his style had little variety of 
expression ; his thoughts moved in ruts ; and he had a 
set of stock phrases and quotations which frequently 
reappeared at short intervals. Consequently many of 
his letters are mere duplicates of what he had previ- 


ously written to some other correspondent. This is true 
of a large proportion of the letters enumerated in the 
Calendar ; their substance, and often their identical 
phraseology, will be found in other letters here printed. 
It has not been thought desirable to print in full any 
of his purely business letters, though the subjects of 
all of them have been indicated, as they have little 
or no historical value, and the light which they throw 
on his personal character is merely cumulative. No 
one who reads his other letters can have any doubt 
as to what manner of man he was. Another volume 
will probably comprise everything of a historical and 
biographical nature, contained in Governor Belcher's 
Letter-Books, while he was at the head of affairs in 
Massachusetts, which it will ever be desirable for this 
Society to print. Such a volume will be a necessary 
complement to the present collection, and its preparation 
will be begun at once. 

Jonathan Belcher was the grandson of Andrew Belcher, 
who married a sister of Deputy-Governor Danforth, and 
kept a house of public entertainment in Cambridge from 
1654 to 1673, in which year he is supposed to have died, 
leaving several daughters and an only son, Andrew. 
The second Andrew married, in 1670, Sarah, daughter 
of Jonathan Gilbert, of Hartford, Connecticut, and after 
the death of his father-in-law acquired Gilbert's large 
estate in Meriden, which finally became the property of 
Governor Belcher, and is often referred to by the Gov- 
ernor. Andrew Belcher, the younger, was of a migratory 
habit, and lived at different times in Hartford, Cambridge, 
Charlestown, and Boston, where he became an enterpris- 
ing and prosperous merchant. He also took an active 
part in public life, and was a member of the Council 
from 1702 until his death in 1717. His eldest daughter, 


Elizabeth, married Daniel Oliver, and became the mother 
of Lieutenant-Governor Andrew Oliver and of Chief 
Justice Peter Oliver ; another daughter, Mary, married 
George Vaughan, of Portsmouth, N. II., afterward Lieu- 
tenant-Governor, and died before she had completed her 
twentieth year ; another, Ann, married Oliver Noyes, of 
Charlestown, father of the Dr. Belcher Noyes mentioned 
in Governor Belcher's correspondence ; another, Sarah, 
married John Foye, who was at one time engaged in 
business as a distiller ; and the youngest daughter, 
Martha, married the second Anthony Stoddard. Jona- 
than was the younger of two sons, but not the youngest 

He was born in Cambridge, Jan. 8, 1681-2, and gradu- 
ated at Harvard College in 1699, in a class of twelve. 
After leaving college he spent several years abroad, trav- 
elling over England and various countries of central and 
northern Europe, but nowhere finding any place, he says, 
which he preferred to New England. On his return he 
became a partner in business with his father, and acquired 
an ample fortune. About the time of his appointment 
as Governor he withdrew from active participation in a 
mercantile life, though he still carried on copper-mining 
in Connecticut, but with unsatisfactory results. Over 
and over again he complained, in very vigorous language, 
of the dishonesty of the miners, of lack of energy on the 
part of his agent, and of cheating by the assayers of the 
ore which he shipped to England. In the mean time he 
was beginning to take an interest in public affairs. He 
was never one of the Representatives in the General 
Court, but he had a seat at the Council board seven 
} r ears, having been first elected in 1718. He was also 
elected in 17-9, but his election was negatived by Gov- 
ernor Burnet. Up to this time he had been regarded 


as a prerogative man. He managed, however, in some 
way to give the impression that his views had changed ; 
and while the dispute between the Governor and the 
House of Representatives over the much vexed question 
of a fixed salary was at its height, he was authorized by 
the House, in December, 1728, to represent, in London, 
with Francis Wilks, the Province agent, their side of the 
case. Two months before this he had been appointed 
by Connecticut to endeavor to obtain a reversal or modifi- 
cation of the decision in the famous suit of Winthrop vs. 
Lechmere, which had unsettled the title to much of the 
real estate in that Colony. "Our Assembly look upon 
you to be at least half a Connecticut man," Governor 
Talcott wrote to Belcher; and the latter was induced 
to accept the appointment, after securing an appropria- 
tion large enough to enable him to apply the proper 
lubricant for official favors. He arrived in England 
early in 1729, and applied himself to his double task. 
Fortunately for him Burnet died not long afterward ; 
and as Belcher was on the spot to take advantage of 
every favorable circumstance, he secured the appointment 
as Burnet's successor in the government of Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire, mainly through the influence of 
Lord Townshend. 

His commission was dated Jan. 8, 1729-30, but he did 
not sail for New England until some months afterward. 
He landed in Boston from the man-of-war Blandford, 
Aug. 10, and was received with every demonstration of 
welcome and honor. His appointment, however, gave 
only a short-lived satisfaction. Governor Hutchinson, 
writing from personal knowledge and observation, says : 
"By great freedom in conversation and an unreserved 
censure of persons whose principles or conduct he disap- 
proved, he made himself many enemies.' , He has, indeed, 


passed into history as one of the most unpopular of the 
Royal Governors of Massachusetts, and his unpopularity 
in New Hampshire was also very great. He brought 
with him instructions in regard to a fixed salary for the 
Governor, the supply of the public treasury, and the 
emission of bills of credit, which were irreconcilable 
with the policy of the popular leaders, and he had an 
invincible determination to carry out the royal instruc- 
tions. The dispute about the salary was immediately 
revived, and for more than a year at a time he was 
obliged to live on his own means. Finally, a sort of 
compromise was effected ; the Massachusetts House of 
Representatives voted a grant at the beginning of the 
year, and the Governor received a general permission 
from the Crown to take what the House voted. This 
was a triumph of the Province ; but in dealing with 
another claim of the Representatives, that they should 
examine accounts against the Province before payment 
was made, the Governor was more successful. The claim 
had been often brought forward and had been repeatedly 
attached as a condition in money bills ; but it was as 
steadily resisted by the Governor. A protracted struggle 
followed, during which an appeal was made by the House 
to the King and to the Parliament, only to call forth an 
expression of the royal displeasure. The House was 
forced to yield, and to make the necessary appropriations 
without the objectionable proviso. 

After the storm there was a period of calm, which, 
from the nature of the issues involved and the character 
of the contending parties, could only be a truce, not a 
lasting peace. There had long been a scarcity of coin in 
the Province, and a constant pressure on the part of the 
debtor class for the emission of bills of credit. Yielding 
to this pressure, the General Court endeavored to obtain 


a withdrawal of the instruction to the Governor which 
forbade him to give his consent to any act for extending 
the period for the redemption of the outstanding bills to 
a later date than 1741. Belcher was not less opposed 
to the increase or extension of a mere paper currency 
than were the ministers in England, though he was 
favorably inclined to a new emission of bills of credit 
on a gold and silver basis, and asked leave to approve 
a similar act for New Hampshire. Failing to obtain 
this leave, he strenuously resisted the bill for the crea- 
tion of what was known as the Land Bank ; and only a 
few months before his removal he negatived the election 
of the Speaker of the House and of thirteen members 
of the Council on account of their connection with it. 
Later generations have fully recognized the soundness 
of the policy which Belcher was instructed to carry out ; 
but it excited the hostility of a large party on this 
side of the Atlantic, and was one of the principal causes 
of his downfall. 

In dealing with the long-standing dispute about the 
boundary line between Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire, he failed to satisfy either Province ; and when, in 
1737, the Commissioners appointed to settle the question 
made their extraordinary award, both Provinces appealed 
to the King. It is not at all surprising that the animosi- 
ties engendered by these disputes, as well as by his bitter 
quarrel with the Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire, 
his ungovernable tongue, and his reckless pen, made his 
life here uncomfortable, and his standing with the Crown 
uncertain. But his enemies in Massachusetts and New 
Hampshire did not rest satisfied with real grounds of 
complaint. They even made use of forged and anony- 
mous letters, and by the help of these they secured 
his removal from both governments in May, 1741. A 


desirable end was brought about by means which have 
ever since thrown discredit on Belcher's enemies in the 
two Provinces, and even raised a suspicion of the truth 
of their other charges against him. 

After Belcher's dismissal he remained for some time 
in Boston and Milton, and then went to England. There 
he succeeded in removing the impressions against himself; 
and on the death of Governor Morris he was appointed, 
in July, 1746, Governor of New Jersey. For some unex- 
plained reason he did not pay the necessary fees until the 
following February, when his commission was promptly 
issued. It was maliciously suggested at the time that the 
money to pay the fees was raised by his brother-in-law, 
Richard Partridge, among the Quakers of Yorkshire, in 
recognition of the services he had done to the Quakers 
in Boston, and " of the further services he was to do 
to the Quakers of New Jersey " ; and there is nothing 
improbable in the suggestion. He arrived in his new 
government, in the Scarborough man-of-war, on Saturday, 
Aug. 8, and on the following Monday took the pre- 
scribed oaths, and at once entered on the duties of his 
office. His administration was on the whole tranquil 
and satisfactory to the people. He died at Elizabethtown, 
Aug. 31, 1757, and was buried on the following Sunday, 
Sept. 4, when a funeral sermon was preached by Aaron 
Burr, President of the College of New Jersey. His 
library, containing more than four hundred volumes, 
was given to the College of New Jersey; and by his 
own direction his body was brought to Massachusetts 
and deposited in a tomb in the old burying-ground in 
Cambridge. ' 

Governor Belcher was married, Jan. 8, 1705-6, to 
Mary, daughter of Lieutenant-Governor William Par- 
tridge, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. She died Oct. 6, 


1736, and was buried with great pomp. Twelve years 
later, Sept. 9, 1748, he was married, in Burlington, New 
Jersey, to Mary Louisa Emilia Teal, who survived him. 
By his first wife he had five children, of whom the 
youngest two, William and Thomas, apparently died in 
early life. The eldest son, Andrew, was born Nov. 17, 
1706, graduated at Harvard College in 1724, and died in 
Milton, Jan, 24, 1771, unmarried. He had no taste for 
a professional or political life, to which his father would 
have gladly introduced him, but engaged in commercial 
pursuits and acquired an ample property. The daughter, 
Sarah, was born April 22, 1708, married Aug. 17, 1727, 
to Byfield Lyde, and died Oct. 5, 1768. The third and 
favorite child, Jonathan, was born July 23, 1710, gradu- 
ated at Harvard College in 1728, married April 8, 1756, 
to Abigail Allen, and died March 29, 1776. By his 
second wife Governor Belcher had no issue. 

The character of Governor Belcher, as shown in his 
correspondence, is easily read ; but it well deserves study 
as a strange product from a New England root, and for 
its influence on the dispute between the Crown and the 
Massachusetts Province. He stood midway between the 
New England Revolution of 1689 and the first armed 
resistance to the mother country, and his words and his 
acts alike tended to produce an unfavorable impression 
on each side of the Atlantic. Had the leaders in Massa- 
chusetts known just what he wrote home to England, 
the knowledge would have produced as intense an excite- 
ment as was aroused by the publication of the letters of 
Hutchinson and Oliver. As Palfrey remarks, " It is 
not a pleasant thought that among the Governors of 
provincial Massachusetts those least entitled to her 
esteem were born upon her soil. The fact would have 
been her shame, as well as her misfortune, had they 


been of her own choice. But no doctrine of despotism 
is more familiar than that a community under foreign 
rule is most easily oppressed through the instrumentality 
of its own facile, corruptible, and capable citizens." 
Belcher's servile and flattering tone to those over him, 
or whose favor he wished to gain ; his arbitrary man- 
ner to those under him, or whose views were opposed 
to his own ; his fondness for display, and his readiness 
to take offence at imaginary slights ; his duplicity ; his 
love of money, and his harshness toward those who 
were indebted to him, or who did not deal fairly with 
him, as he thought ; his low opinion of human nature ; 
and his ostentatious piety, — were characteristics which 
his contemporaries did not fail to notice, and the knowl- 
edge of which is perpetuated in his letters. In them 
he stands revealed to us as the most perfect example 
of a New England courtier in a corrupt age. 

For the Committee, 


Boston, June 1, 1893. 





S E , — I see by yours of 3 present you had done your 
duty in seizing two of the vessels that had made a breach 
of the Acts of Trade ; perhaps the owners may pay for the 
impudence of the masters, or rather for their own. For I 
take it all to spring from the orders of their owners. I 
have no doubt of your fidelity in your office, and hope you 
will be very carefull that willfull transgressors (more es- 
pecially) suffer the penalty of the law. The Advocate 
General t has drawn the information (agreeable to what 
you wrote him) and sets out tomorrow morning with the 
Register, in order to bring forward the tryal on Wednes- 
day or Thursday next. I depend you and the Judge of 
the Admiralty | will be thorro in your duty in this affair. 
The Gov r ' s share will be welcome on many accounts. I 

* Ellis Huske was at this time Naval Officer at Portsmouth, and from 1733 until his 
death in 1755 one of the Council of New Hampshire. He was born in England, and was a 
younger brother of Gen. John Huske, who greatly distinguished himself at the battle of 
Culloden. One of Ellis Huske's sons, Ellis Huske, Jr., was the first proprietor of " The 
Boston Weekly Post-Boy," postmaster at Boston, and deputy-postmaster for the Colonies- 
until the appointment of Benjamin Franklin; and another son, John Huske, went to Eng- 
land and became a member of Parliament. In a letter written in 1758 General Huske de- 
scribes in very uncomplimentary terms the men sent from England to hold office in the 
Colonies. The ministry, he writes, " have been so careless for many years past of the charac- 
ters and abilities of the civil officers appointed for America, that most of the places in the gift 

of the Crown have been filled with broken members of Par 1, of bad, if an}', principles, 

pimps, valet de chambres, electioneering scoundrels, and even liver}' servants. In one word, 
America has been for many years made the hospital of Great Britain for her decayed cour- 
tiers and abandoned worn-out dependants." And he adds more to the same effect, indi- 
cating special instances of disgraceful appointments. See Wentworth Genealogy, vol. i. 
p. 287 note; Phillimore's Life of Lord Lyttelton, vol. ii. p. 604. —Eds. 

f Robert Auchmuty, afterward Judge of the Admiralty. — Eds. 

J Nathaniel Byfield. He died June 6, 1733, in his eightieth year. — Eds. 


send you herewith 32 passes for Fort \Vill m and Mary. 
Tuesday, the 14 curr fc , I intend to be at Portsmouth, and 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, Sepf 6, 1731. 


S R , — I wish everybody had as much life & spirit as you 
and Cap 1 Husk. If they have no courage while they have 
all the honours and profits of the government, how will 
they support themselves if they shou'd live to see their 
enemies enjoying the success they wish for ? I love to see 
men behave like men, and do the duty of the present day. 
I think it best the new Justices shou'd wait my coming 
for their coihissions. I intend to be at Newbury Munday, 
the 13 curr", at night, where I desire you to meet me. I 
think to breakfast at Newbury, and be at Hampton about 
12 o'clock, and have wrote Coll 11 Sherburne to order the 
troop to meet me there, and I expect you'll make out a 
good cavalcade besides. Give my service to M r Fitch & 
Mad m , and let them know (on Saturday) that I have ac- 
cepted Coll 11 Sherburne's invitation for this journey. To- 
morrow morning M r Auchmuty (the Advocate General) 
and M r Boy del (the Register) set out for Portsmouth to 
bring on the tryal of the two vessels seiz'd by the Naval 
Officer. I depend the Judge and everybody else will be 
very thorro in their duty. The Judge must take care to 

* Richard Waldron, grandson of the famous Major Richard Waldron, was born in 
Dover, N. II., Teh. 21, 1694, graduated at Harvard College in 1712, and died Aug. 23,1753. 
In December, 1780, lie was appointed Secretary of the Province, and also one of the Council, 
but he did not receive the royal mandamus until more than a year afterward. He was Gov- 
ernor Belcher's most intimate friend and stanchest adherent in New Hampshire, and was 
accordingly removed from oflice when Benning Wentworth succeeded Belcher as Governor. 
See Ww Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. pp. 7G7, 770; Farmer's edition of Belknap's 
History of New Hampshire, p. 412; Adams's Annals of Portsmouth, pp. 191, 192; and 
Belcher's letter to Waldron, May 29, 1732. —Eds. 


mention the Gov r ' s part in his Decree, thus, — To his Ex- 
cellency Jonathan Belcher, Esq r , Gov r of his Majesty's 
Province of New Hampshire. My share will be very wel- 
come for sundry reasons. Seal the inclos'd before you 
deliver them. I am 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, Sept r 6, 1731. 



Hon oble S E , — The inclos'd came under M r Popple's cover, 
and was forwarded to me hither f> express with my other 
London letters, all which are very agreeable, as is every- 
thing, I assure you, in this Province. Altho' my Leiu* 
Gov r wou'd not stay to return the respect I order'd to be 
paid him at his first coming into the Province, but, I am 
told, went off in a fishing boat at 11 o'clock the night 
before my coming hither, and landed at Isle of Shoals, 
where a sloop took him aboard next day to carry him 

Keep the Assembly sitting 'till you receive mine T 
next post, which will bring you a new Act of this Assem- 
bly about the Line.| I know you will do everything on 

* Col. William Tailer was born in Boston in 1677, and was appointed in 1711 Lieu- 
tenant-Governor. From November, 1715, to October, 1716, he was Acting Governor; and in 
April, 1730, he was again appointed Lieutenant Governor, and held office until his death, 
March 1, 1731-2. He was a nephew of Lieut.-Gov. William Stoughton. See Whitmore's 
Mass. Civil List ; Memorial History of Boston, vol. ii. p. 538 ; Green's Groton Historical 
Series, vol. iii. p. 362. — Eds. 

f " Province of New-Hampshire, September 14, 1731. Thi? Day came hither His Ex- 
cellency Our Governor (whose arrival amongst us has been for some Weeks very much 
wish'd for). His Entrance was attended with all possible demonstrations of Joy and Satis- 
faction, being met on the Borders and usher'd into the Province by Seventy Horse, besides 
the blue Troop (and exclusive of the Gentlemen who waited on him from his other Govern- 
ment), which was a handsome Appearance for so poor and little a Province, the like where- 
of has hardly ever been seen here, which loudly speaks the affection of the People, and the 
heartiness of His Excellency's Welcome to this Government. The Evening preceding His 
Excellency'' s arrival His Honour our Lieut. Governor departed the Province, his motion 
was sudden, he embarked on board a Fishing Schooner, and 'tis generally believed he is 
gone to Pemaquid." (The New-England Weekly Journal, Sept. 20, 1731.) — Eds. 

X There had been for many years a controversy between Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire in regard to the boundary line between the two Provinces, which has continued down 


your part that may contribute to his Majesty's honour 
& service. 

Give my kind regards to my brother Byfield & love to 
son and daughter Lyde. Make my compliments to Dean 
Berkley. I find no uneasiness in my present journey, but 
that it prevents my paying the respect & honour due to 
his superiour merit. I believe America has hardly known 
his fellow for natural powers & great learning. Tell him, 
I wish him, his lady & family a prosperous voyage by the 
will of God. With my hearty respects to M rs Tailer and 
all the family at Stoughton House, I am 

Y r Honour's most obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

Portsmo (N. Hampshire), Sept r 20, 1731. 
$ Express. 

If it be thought proper, give the Dean 7 or 9 guns as 
he passes the Castle. 


S R , — Since mine of 20 psent f> express, I have yours of 
same date f> the post. It was very prudent in you to 
take care Cap t Sam * shou'd have a decent funeral, & your 
entertaining Dean Berkley at the Castle was a respect due 
to him, and an honour done the country. I have nothing 
very material from home, nor do I yet know how the 
grand controversy will terminate. I have the pleasure 
(natural to a fond father) of telling you M r Belcher has 
reed great & condescending marks of respect at White- 
hall, as w T ell as uncommon friendship from all my ac- 
quaintance. He is fixt at the Temple. God Almighty 
spare his life & make him serviceable to his King & 

to our own time. See a paper on " The Northern Boundary of Massachusetts," read before 
the American Antiquarian Society, Oct. 21, 1890, by our associate, Dr. S. A. Green, in 
Proceedings of Am. Antiq. Soc, New Series, vol. vii. pp. 11-32. — Eds. 

* An Eastern Indian, who was killed Sept. 15, 1731, by beinj; thrown from a runaway 
horse. — Ens. 


M r Sec 17 Waldron sends M r Sec ry Willard what this 
Assembly has done further about the Line ; and I wou'd 
have the committee from the Massachusetts meet the 
committee from this Province at Newbury at the time set. 
I say I wou'd by no means have them fail. If they do, 
the people here will take great advantage of it ; and if 
they determine to meet, let an express be sent to the 
President of the Council to notifye the same. Munday 
next I intend to lodge at Newbury, next day to lodge at 
Salem, and to be at home on Wednesday between 4 & 5 
afternoon. With kind respects to all y e good family at 
Stoughton House, I am, 

Hono ble S r , y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Portsmouth (N. Hampshire), Sept r 24, 1731. 


S R , — I find by yours of 1 inst* and the return of the 
committee from hence that the meeting has produc'd as 
much as I expected ; as to the union of the Provinces, that 
matter requires much thought, and is attended on the side 
of the Massachusetts with more difficulties than presently 
heave in sight. I don't see any as to my personal inter- 
est. But I can't believe your Irish partisans will ever 
honestly pursue such a scheme ; they have another game 
to play, tho' such an union wou'd be the happiest thing 
in the world for N. Hampshire, and I wish it was possible 
to bring it about. Fail not to send me the affidavits of 
Walton and Wibird, copy of the address, and of all things 
past in the session. Inclos'd is mine to M r President. I 
hope there will be no errand made out for the Ipswich 
lad.* Take care to prevent any mischief a' Wednesday, 

* Jaffrey. — Marginal Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. In several other instances Dr. Bel- 
knap identifies the "Ipswich lad" with John Rindge, who removed to Portsmouth from 
Ipswich in 1700, when quite young, and married a daughter of Jotham Odiorne, one of the 


and that the Court be prorogued as I have order'd. 

Hono ble S r , 

Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct 4, 1731. 



Gent m , — It is not only from duty, but I assure you from 
inclination, that I wou'd contribute every thing in my 
power for encouraging & giving countenance to vertue and 
religion, and I shall not doubt your acting with vigour in 
your several stations, so as may most of all tend to the 
suppressing of vice & prophaness. This will be but a 
reasonable service to the great author of our beings, our 
constant preserver & bountifull benefactor, and when you 
convene together to consult upon what I now suggest, if 
you can think of any thing proper to be done to obtain a 
better observcition of the Lord's day, no authority of mine 
shall be wanting to support your good endeavours. These 
things are recommended to your wise & serious considera- 
tion, by Gent m 

Your assured friend & humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 21, 1731. 

To the WorshipfuU the Justices fy to the Gent m the Selectmen of the 
Town of Boston. 

D'd Thos. Palmer, Esq r 


S R , — I have before me yours of 22 present. You must 
look into the law for the payment of the powder money, & 

Council. No doubt Kindle was the person to whom Belcher referred; for only three days 
after the date of this letter, the House of Representatives passed a vote appointing Capt. 
John Rindgc "as an Agent to Represent this Province at the Court of Great Brittaine," 
with full power and authority, including authority to appoint such person as he might 
think proper to aid and assist him. Apparently the Council did not concur in this vote, 
and on the same day the Representatives passed a second vote, constituting him " their 
Agent." See Went worth Genealogy, vol. i. p. 320; New Hampshire Provincial Papers, 
vol. iv. p. 612. — Eds. 


carefully conform yourself thereto. I think it expressly 
says the ships shall be measured. The registers are com- 
monly sham-businesses. But neither the King nor his 
Province must be defrauded thereby. They ought to be 
measured according to the rule & custom of the builders 
in the river. Methinks you and the Collector # seem to 
be got into a district of very fair traders, tho' you have 
ships every now and then from foreign countries. I hope 
you will both be vigilant that his Majesty may not be 
defrauded by any clandestine trade. I remain, with my 
very humble service to Mad m Husk, S r , 

Your ready friend J. B. 

Boston, Oct° 25, 1731. 



S R , — Yours of 15 & 22 lye before me, & I particularly 
note their contents. The young profligate brought you 
nothing new from Pemaquid. I have had a full account 
of the conversation there by a gent m that made one of the 
company, and the young fellow you mention is to have a 
spot of 1000 acres for a garden, paying the homage due 
to his Teaguish lordship. t But I don't gather any thing 
material that past. I think you have sent me all that's 
necessary from the last session, and I return you the war- 
rant for inlisting a troop at Dover, nor do I forget that 
to be gather'd in York county. I am content with the 
reasons you give against a prosecution of the late Sheriffe. 
The London ships may in a few days make us easy & other- 
wise. Whoever has broacht what you mention about the 
Line has told a most notorious lye ; for there is nothing 
more or less done in it than what is printed in the journals. 

* Capt. Richard Wibird had been for some time Collector at Portsmouth. He was suc- 
ceeded early in November by Anthony Reynolds, a son of the Bishop of Lincoln. — Eds. 

f Governor Belcher was very lavish in the use of nicknames. Lieutenant-Governor 
Dunbar is the person to whom he refers; and by the Irish party he means Dunbar's 
adherents. — Ens. 



There can't be the least hopes of success of obtaining the 
union but by a good application from New Hampshire, 
and I am afraid the Irish party wou'd oppose it manibus 
pedibusq. I should think it happy for me as well as both 
Provinces, provided it be done in a proper manner. In 
the mean time I am uprightly so far from being in favour 
of the Massachusetts about the Line that I really think 
they are very culpable and have not treated New Hamp- 
shire as they ought, but far from it. Why then do not 
the committee do their duty in transmitting everything 
to me, according to the act of your whole Legislature, 
that I may lay the matter before the King, which I am 
desirous to do with all imaginable justice and impartiality. 
Read the several inclosed ; then seal & deliver. 

Hono b,e S r , Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 25, 1731. 


May it please your Grace, — Since I did myself the 
honour of addressing you 21 Aug st past, I have made a 
visit to his Majesty's other Province (of New Hampshire) 
under my government, and there held a session of the 
General Assembly for the dispatch of such affairs as might 
be for his Majesty's service, and the benefit of that Prov- 
ince. And in conformity to my duty I now inclose to 
your Grace what past at that session, and I am sorry to 
acquaint your Grace that the long-depending dispute be- 
tween the Massachusetts & N. Hampshire respecting the 
boundaries between them is yet brought to no conclusion. 
But the inhabitants bordering upon the lines are still ex- 
pos'd to great inconveniences & hardships ; and accord- 
ing to my best observation New Hampshire is willing to 

* Thomas IYllinm, Duke of Newcastle (born in 1G93, died in 17fi8), was at this time 
Secretary of State. On the death of his brother, Henry Pelham, he became, in 1754, First 
Lord of the Treasury. — Eds. 


conform in this matter to the Royal instruction. But I 
think the Massachusetts are not so frank in the affair as 
in reason & justice they ought to be. Nor do I believe 
this long controversy will ever be adjusted but by direc- 
tions from his Majesty at home, and New Hampshire 
seems to be determin'd to make their application to the 
King to give special orders to some commissioners here 
to make a settlement of the Line & return it home to 
his Majesty for his approbation. I have nothing material 
to say to your Grace respecting this Province, only to in- 
close the Journals of the House of Representatives from 
the last time I sent them. I am in daily expectation of 
his Majesty's pleasure on what I have so often wrote 
your Grace respecting my support in his Majesty's gov- 
ernment, as also upon the matter of the supply of the 
Treasury of this Province. I am sorry to find myself 
oblig'd to trouble your Grace upon a dispute that hap- 
pen'd in Aug st last with (Coll 11 Dunbar *) my Leiut. Gov r 
at New Hampshire about the Fort William & Mary at 
New Hampshire, on which account I understand he has 
made a large complaint against me. He is a gent m of 
an uncommon temper, that I find I must take it as a 
constant task to be defending myself against his unjust 
insinuations. I had lodg'd orders with the President of 
his Majesty's Council at New Hampshire to receive Coll 11 
Dunbar when he came with the King's commission with 
all proper respect, & for this he thankt me, and not- 
withstanding his former ill treatment of me I was 
really desirous of living in a good understanding with 
him, which I thought wou'd most of all contribute to 
the honour of the King's government and the peace of 
his subjects in that Province. But I find more & more 
that it's a thing not to be practis'd with Coll 11 Dunbar; 

* Col. David Dunbar was born in Ireland, and served for a time in the British army. 
In 1731 he was made Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire and Surveyor-General of 
the Woods. He remained on this side of the Atlantic about six years; and during the 
whole period a very bitter feeling existed between him and Governor Belcher. See 
Belknap's History of New Hampshire, vol. ii. pp. 101-117. — Eds. 


he lias such a thirst of honour & power beyond his own 
rank, as no gent m that is his superiour will ever conde- 
scend to, or at least, I must say for myself, that I never 
will betray the trust the King has reposed in me by pros- 
tituting the power & honour he has cloath'd me with to 
gratifye the pride of an inferiour officer who continually 
endeavours to insult me. But while the King is pleas'd 
to honour me w th his commission he shall know that I am 
his Gov r . Yet if he wou'd be easy he shou'd enjoy every 
thing the late Leiut. Gov r did from former Gov" & from 
me ; nor shou'd he want any part of the respect due to his 
commission. But when the Cap fc of the Fort Will m & Mary 
wrote me in these words, — " As to the fort your Excel- 
lency has been pleas'd to favour me with, the Leiut. Gov 1 
sayes he shall never accept your commission for it, for that, 
he sayes, he looks upon with contempt, but swears no body 
shall command there but by a commission from himself.' ' 
With submission to your Grace, I then thought it high 
time to assert the King's honour and to let the Leiut. 
Gov r (and all the world) know such insults were intoler- 
able, and certainly such a behaviour cannot be consis- 
tent with the duty of a Leiu* Gov r to his Cap* General 
& Gov r in Cheif, but must produce anarchy & confusion 
in a government. At all times when that governm* 
has been under the same Gov r with this, the Gov r has 
never been esteem'd absent from New Hampshire when 
in the Massachusetts, & the King has so settled it 
w r ith respect to me in his 36 Royal instruction, and 
all Leiir* Gov" have been under the order & directions 
which I find in the present Leiu* Gov r ' s commission, "Ac- 
cording to such instructions as you shall receive from us 
and from our said Cap 1 General & Cheif Gov r of our 
said Province of New Hampshire now & for the time 
being." But this gent m can't submit to move in his own 
line & order. I had no controversy with the late Leiu fc 
Gov r , nor did he do one thing in the government with- 


out my special leave & direction, it being but 66 miles 
from hence and the post passing every week. I inclose 
your Grace an affidavit made by Coll 11 Walton, Cap fc 
of the Fort William & Mary, being the substance of what 
he wrote me some time before, and upon which I thought 
it necessary for the King's honour to give orders to the 
gent m I had commission'd to abide by his commission and 
not to suffer the Leiu fc Gov r to take the command of the fort 
without my leave, & contrary to my order, and with great 
duty and deference to your Grace, when this matter is 
rightly represented I shall hope for his Majesty's justifica- 
tion in what I have done. The Leiu fc Gov r has not been 
at New Hampshire for 6 or 7 weeks past and the Prov- 
ince is in profound quiet, & will continue so if he keeps 
out of it. As it is no service to the Crown nor any benefit 
to him to be Leiu* Gov r I wou'd beg it of your Grace as a 
very particular favour that his commission may be super- 
seded, and Coll 11 Henry Sherburne appointed in his place. 
I am now to acquaint your Grace that M r Westbrook & 
M r Frost have both of them lately desir'd to be dismist 
from being members of his Majesty's Council at New 
Hampshire ; and to make up the number of seven accord- 
ing to the King's instructions I have appointed in their 
places Eichard Waldron & Benjamin Gambling, Esq 8 , be- 
ing gent m I have formerly mentioned to your Grace, that 
they might have the King's royal mandamus to be mem- 
bers of his Majesty's Council in New Hampshire, and I now 
again pray of your Grace that they may be made out & de- 
liver'd M r Newman, who will wait on your Grace for them. 
They are gent m of good capacity, vertue, & substance, & 
every way qualified as his Majesty directs. I humbly ask 
pardon for this tedious letter, and have the honour to be, 
with the highest duty & respect, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most obedient & most devoted humble 
servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct' 29, 1731. 

$ Homans. Atkins. 



My Lords, — Since I had the honour of writing you 31 
Augs' past, I am favour'd with one from your Lordships 
of 6 July, owning the receipt of mine to 26 April last, 
with the publick papers I forwarded to your Lordships, 
from which time I have constantly wrote you of all things 
relating to his Majesty's Provinces under my care ; and 
altho' nothing has been wanting in my power to bring 
the Assembly of this Province to a just sense of their 
duty to his Majesty in settling my salary agreeable to his 
Royal instructions, yet the final result has been, as 1 have 
repeated to your Lordships several times, the summer 
past, nor is there the least expectation that the Assembly 
here will ever do anything more (or otherwise) in the 
matter ; nor (with great submission to your Lordships) can 
I see that my returning to Whitehall cou'd be of any ser- 
vice, but might have put the Crown to the charge of a 1000 
guineas for the expence of such a voyage ; and since I have 
so fully acquainted your Lordships of my proceedings, 
I see you had resolv'd to take an opportunity of laying it 
before his Majesty yourselves, and that I shou'd then hear 
from you again. I find your Lordships had reported to 
the King that the Bill past in Oct r last by the Council & 
representatives was not a complyance with his Majesty's 
instruction. Your Lordships may remember I wrote you 
to the same purpose, and that therefore I did not give my 
consent to it ; yet it was a step further than any Gover r 
has been able to bring the Assembly of this Province, 
and the bill they past in May last was going on in 
conformity to what they had done the Oct r before ; and 
altho' the instruction has not taken its full effect, yet I 
must observe to your Lordships that I have so industri- 

* The Lords of Trade at this time were the Earl of Westmoreland, Paul Docminique, 
Thomas iviham. Martin Bladen, Edward Ashe, Sir Orlando Bridgeman, James BrudenelL 

and Sir Archer Croft. The Secretary of the Board was Alured Popple. — Eds. 


ously labour'd the matter with the Assembly as to bring 
them to give me £3000 instead of £1000 they gave Gov r 
Shute, and by one address on the back of another they 
have given his Majesty the most publick & solemn 
assurances of a constant, ample, & honourable support 
to their Gov r , and in their last address they have said, — - 
Such an one as I shou'd judge so, — that I believe they 
will not for the future receede from the quantum; but 
I shall be endeavouring that they may make it more. 
For £3500 of the present currency of this Province 
is but £1000 st r , and all the perquisites of this gov- 
ernment are not £100 st r f annum, and I do assure your 
Lordships the annual expence (with the best ceconomy) is 
more than £3000 ; that it's impossible for a gent m to lay 
up any fortune for himself or family by this government, 
which I think of the least profit of any in the King's do- 
minions. I am hoping by the next ships for his Majesty's 
royal leave to accept the money the Assembly last voted 
me ; for I think it cannot be judged just, reasonable, or 
honourable that I must live upon the air or consume my 
own fortune while I am so faithfully serving the Crown, 
nor can I see the receiving my support as the Assembly 
will give it can in the least measure prevent or defeat 
what his Majesty in his royal wisdom may think proper 
for the effectual inforcing his present instruction. I ob- 
serve what your Lordships say about the address from 
the House of Representatives. The method into which I 
wou'd have steer'd that matter was with an aim at the 
better support of the honour & prerogative of the Crown, 
but if your Lordships judge otherwise, I am perfectly easy. 
I have wrote so often to the Secretary of State and to your 
Lordships how opposite this Assembly is to the King's in- 
struction respecting the supply of the Treasury that I 
depend your Lordships will transmit me the King's orders 
thereon by the first ship, or this government will fall into 
confusion ; for there is now near £20,000 due for the sup- 


port of the King's garrisons and other services, and there 
has not been a shilling in the Treasury for many months, 
nor will the representatives grant any money unless they 
can have the supervising & passing every account, which 
I am fully of opinion is reserv'd in the Charter to his 
Majesty's Gov r & the Council ; and his Majesty's 30 in- 
struction to me I think exactly agreeable to the Royal 
Charter. The Assembly here have been lately under ad- 
journments waiting for his Majesty's pleasure (by y e ships 
expected) on their petitions or addresses respecting the 
salary & the supply of the Treasury, that nothing very 
material has past in this government since my last ; from 
which time I send you the Journals of the House of Rep- 
resentatives to the time of their last sitting. 

And now, my Lords, I come to the affairs of the Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire, where I have lately been to hold 
the Assembly, and by the next ship I shall send your 
Lordships what past in the session. I am sorry the long- 
depending affair of the disputed lines is not yet brought to 
any conclusion, altho' I have taken indefatigable pains in 
both Provinces, and the two Assemblies have past several 
votes & acts, & have met one another by their commit- 
tees, & according to the best judgment I can make after 
all their attempts one with another, I think the line never 
will be settled here by the two governments, but the bor- 
derers thereon will still lye open to great inconveniences 
& cruel hardships from both governments ; and upon this 
article I must say, my Lords, in justice to New Hamp- 
shire that they have been very willing & ready to submit 
to the decision of this affair in exact conformity to his 
Majesty's instruction ; but the Massachusetts have made 
too many obstacles & difficulties, nor do I think they have 
been so candid & fair in the matter as N. Hampshire has 
been. I have with all the care & prudence I was master 
of kept things & persons from running to the extremity 
they did in Gov r Burnett's time, yet I am in daily fears 


of difficulties that may still happen among the borderers. 
It is therefore of absolute necessity for the peace & honour 
of his Majesty's governments & for the welfare of his sub- 
jects that this long controversy shou'd at last be adjusted, 
and New Hampshire seems resolv'd to pursue it by an im- 
mediate application to his Majesty for appointing comiss rs 
here to run the lines, and then to make a representation 
to the King for his royal sanction, and I believe the Assem- 
bly of New Hampshire wou'd willingly be at the whole 
charge to have the matter effected, and I shall gladly 
contribute everything in my power to bring about a happy 
issue for both Provinces. I find your Lordships are not 
of opinion to advise his Majesty to give leave for my 
signing the bill past by the Council & Representatives of 
N. Hampshire for emitting £6000 in bills of credit & 
postponing what of their bills are still out on loan, which 
I shall therefore direct to be called in, according to the 
several acts providing therefor, and shall in my next give 
your Lordships a particular account of the state of the 
paper currency in New Hampshire. If your Lordships 
will please to review mine of 25 Janu a last, I think it was 
very particular respecting his Majesty's Council at New 
Hampshire, with the names of seven gent m of which 
only it then consisted, all the others mentioned in my 
instructions are dead, except M r Westbrook, who desir'd 
I wou'd dismiss him (being remov'd into this Province) 
and I appointed M r Waldron in his place ; and when I was 
last at N. Hampshire M r Frost, who is laid aside from all 
business (by a numb palsie) desir'd of me that he might 
resign his place at the Council board, which I cou'd not 
deny, and appointed Benjamin Gambling, Esq r , in his 
stead. So the members of his Majesty's Council at New 
Hampshire are at present, — Shadrah Walton, President ; 
George Jaffrey, Richard Wibird, Jotham Oddiorn, Henry 
Sherburne, Richard Waldron, & Benjamin Gambling, Esq™. 
And M r Wibird (tho' a worthy gent m ) is often laid up with 



the gout for 4 or 5 months at a time. That the Coun- 
cil is but thin, and I remember when my instructions 
were making out your Lordships were very desirous of 
my giving you a list of twelve gent m that the Council 
might be compleat ; but when I told your Lordships I 
was something of a stranger to gent m of that Province, 
then you desir'd I wou'd write you in this matter when 
I arriv'd to the government. I therefore again pro- 
pose to your Lordships that Richard Waldron, Benjamin 
Gambling & Ephraim Dennet, Esq rs may have the royal 
mandamus's for members of his Majesty's Council, the 
charge whereof they have taken care to defray. They 
are all of them gent m of good vertue, capacity, & sub- 
stance ; and as I can hereafter find gent m fit for the sta- 
tion & willing to accept & sustain it I shall mention them 
to your Lordships. For it must certainly be most for the 
honour & service of his Majesty's government and the 
good of the people to keep the Council up to the Constitu- 
tion. Your Lordships will allow me to mention what M r 
Newman (who has been solliciting for these mandamuss) 
writes me, viz fc , that a gent m of your board told him, as 
the King had lately appointed a new officer under me in 
that Province, the board would be glad to hear from him 
before they took any resolutions about Counsellors. This 
passage, my Lords, of that gent ms letter greatly surpriz'd 
me, that any of your Lordships' board, who are such nice 
judges of the rules of government, shou'd think it rea- 
sonable to gratify an inferiour officer by giving him the 
liberty & priviledge of nominating the Counsellors & of 
denying it to the King's Capt. General & Gov r in Cheif. 
I hope your Lordships will pardon me while I say I think 
this wou'd be to subvert all good order, & fill that gov- 
ernment with discord & confusion, which wou'd be very 
happy, & so shou'd I, if we might be quit of that uneasy 
gent m Coll 11 Dunbar ; and as his being Leiu* Gov r is no sort 
of service to him, nor can I (with submission to your Lord- 

1731.] TO THE l^ORDS OF TRADE. 19 

ships) believe it any to his Majesty or that people, I wou'd 
still pray that Coll 11 Henry Sherburne might be my Leiu* 
Gov r there. I very particularly observe what your Lord- 
ships write in answ r to what I wrote to set Coll 11 Dun- 
bar's unjust & false representation against me (respect- 
ing Frederick's fort or Pemaquid) in a true light. All 
this part of the world who knew every step I took in that 
matter are astonisht at the malicious, ridiculous acco* he 
drest up without foundation, and the sequel of the matter 
must convince every one that will allow themselves a 
reflection on that matter, that all I did was conformable 
to good reason and my duty to the King ; and I have so 
much charity for him as to believe he really thought so 
himself in the time of it, but was willing to make a noise 
where there was no colour for it. Your Lordships are 
pleas' d to say, you presume this gent m wou'd always pay 
me the regard due to his superiour officer. But far from 
that, he has behav'd to me in an insolent, haughty man- 
ner continually. And I believe your Lordships will in a 
little time be convinc'd that what he has been so long 
pothering about in the eastern country will never come to 
anything under his conduct & managment. Threatning 
to tye people to trees & whip them, & burning the fruits 
of their honest labour, I think are odd measures to pursue 
in an English government and under the most gracious 
sovereign in the world ; nor do I suppose his Majesty 
wou'd thank or justify him, or think it any honour to his 
government, that those under him shou'd so proceed, but 
such is this gentleman's humour & manner. If I remem- 
ber right his present Majesty's early declaration from the 
throne was that he esteemed the affection of his people 
the strength of his government. And the endearing pa- 
ternal care he is continually showing to all his people 
knits them to him as the heart of one man. Surely then 
it can in no degree contribute to his Majesty's interest for 
any of his officers, even in his most distant dominions, so 


to behave as to beget prejudices in his subjects against 
his service & government. But I have good reason to 
believe Coll 11 Dunbar's managment will never produce 
anything else. 

I humbly beg your Lordships' pardon for this tedious 
letter which I am put under a necessity of making so 
from the continual difficulties I meet with from my Leiu fc 
Gov r of New Hampshire, who has not been there for 6 or 
7 weeks past, and I wish might never return thither again 
in that station. I have the honour to be with all possible 
defference & respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Oct' 29, 1731. 

$ Homans. Atkins. 


Ho'no ble S R , — Had I not reed the honour of yours of 
13 Augs fc last T the hands of M r Shirley,! I shou'd 
have been almost afraid to have given you the trouble of 
any more of my letters, since I find I wrote you Dec r 10, 
Janu a 26, May 18 & 20 last past, and I think the ships 
by which they went all got safe, and I hope my letters in 
course. But when I consider how much every hour of your 
life is ingrost in the councils of the best monarch upon 
earth I don't wonder I have not the honour of one line in 
answer ; but I am rather afraid I have given you unreasona- 
ble interruption from the great affairs of Europe (and of G* 
Britain particularly) which so much ingross you, and if so 
1 ask a 1000 pardons, & that you wou'd again forgive me 
while I dare not dispense with my duty, in not owning 

* Arthur Onslow (horn about 1690, died in 1768) was Speaker of the House of Com- 
mons from 1727 to 1761. — EDS. 

| William Shirley, Belcher's immediate successor as Governor of Massachusetts, was 
born in England in 1G ( J3, and died in Roxbury, March 24, 1771. — Eds. 

1731.] TO ARTHUR ONSLOW. 21 

the great respect & obligation you have laid me under 
in recommending M r Shirley to my favour & countenance 
here. A line from M r Speaker for the service of any friend 
of his will always command my whole weight & influence. 
M r Shirley arriv'd here 27 in the even g , and made me a 
short visit, and din'd with me yesterday. By the little 
opportunity I have had with him, he seems to be an inge- 
nious, sober, modest gent m , and rather too much of the 
latter for one of his profession in this country. I shall 
heartily recommend him (as a pleader) to the Courts of 
the several counties in this and the neighbouring Province, 
and to the Superiour Judges in their Circuits. I say, com- 
ing to me in so strong a light as with your recommenda- 
tion nothing shall be wanting in me to contribute to his 

I find myself, S r , under the strongest tyes of respect & 
gratitude to M r Speaker for the mention you are pleas' d 
to make of the youth, my son, and in so kind and conde- 
scending manner as that you wou'd endeavour to find him 
out and see him. This is what neither I, nor he, dare ex- 
pect, but it will be favour & honour enough that you will 
allow him now and then to make his obeisance to you, 
and that you wou'd drop your wise advice how he may 
best proceed in the study of the law. When you see him 
you must forgive the disadvantages with which he will 
appear to so nice & polite a judge, and consider that he 
was born & bred in the wilds of America. The great 
hopes I conceive of him are his inclination to vertue & 
diligence. If God Almighty enable him to hold his in- 
tegrity in these things, he may perhaps (in the course of 
time) make some small figure in life, to which I am sure 
the honour & credit of your umbrage & protection will 
greatly contribute. You will therefore forgive the re- 
peated request of a fond father that you wou'd bless him 
with it (as there may be occasion) and thereby make an 
intire bankrupt of him who has no other way of dis- 


charging the load of obligations he is drawing upon him- 
self than by the strongest assurances that I am with the 
greatest deference & gratitude, Hono ble S r , 

Your most obliged & most obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Oct' 29, 1731. 

$ Homans. Atkins. 


S B , — I have reed the pleasure & honour of Gov r Hol- 
den's of 30 July past f Homans, and give you my most 
hearty thanks for your kind expressions & good wishes. 
I humbly ask of God the guidance & assistance of his 
Holy Spirit, that I may always go in & out aright be- 
fore his people, and that since I have reed the congrega- 
tion from the Lord I may have wisdom to judge uprightly. 
I do assure you, S r , my country shall desire no reasonable 
thing m my power that I will not do to promote their 
best welfare and prosperity, and I am daily expecting his 
Majesty's royal leave to take my support in the manner 
this Assembly is willing to give it, which I hope will make 
things much easier than they have been for a long time. 
We are also very much oblig'd for your care & friendship 
to this Province on account of the bill which past the 
House of Commons the last session, but stopt in the 
House of Lords, t I shall communicate this your partic- 
ular favour to the principal members of this Province at 
their meeting next month. 

* Samuel Holden, a merchant in London and Governor of the Bank of England. 
Holden Chapel at Cambridge and the town of Holden, Mass., were named for him; and 
after his death in 1740, a funeral sermon was preached before the Governor, Council, and 
Representatives of Massachusetts by Rev. Dr. Colman of the lirattle Street Church. In the 
Dedication to Mrs. Holden, Dr. Colman says he had known her husband for forty-live years; 
and in a foot-note he says he had received "from this excellent person" for charitable 
or religious purposes " in books and bills of exchange an amount to no less than £4,847 
New England currency." See Colman's Funeral Sermon; Quincy's History of Harvard 
University, vol. ii. pp. 37, 38; Proceedings of Mass. Hist. Soc, vol. xii. p. 414. — Ens. 

t The Sugar Bill. It had been brought forward in the interest of the West India Colo- 
nies, but was strongly opposed by Massachusetts and the other Northern Colonies. — Eds. 

1731.] TO BRIAN" FAIRFAX. 23 

I am in the next place to own, S r , with the greatest 
gratitude the honour & respect you did my son at your 
fine seat at Theobalds, and for the kind & favourable 
mention you make of him. He does, indeed, talk loudly 
& largely to me of Gov r Holden's respect & friendship. 
How gratefull must this feel to a fond father, that a gent m 
of your figure, honour, & estate shou'd condescend to re- 
gard a youth in a manner a perfect stranger to you. It- 
is impossible for me, S r , to express the deep obligation you 
have laid me under on this head. The hopes I wou'd con- 
ceive of my son are from the good principles & resolutions 
of vertue & diligence with which he went hence. I pray 
God he may hold fast his integrity, & that by divine grace 
he may be kept from the lures & snares of a wicked 
world, and from the peculiar temptations of the place 
where he is now fixt for the study of the law, & that God 
wou'd succeed him in his studies & make him usefull in 
his day & generation. As this youth is at a great distance 
from his father, let me still beg your smiles & countenance 
towards him as often as he has opportunity to pay his duty 
to you, and put me in a way (if possible) how to return such 
your respect. I remain with the greatest esteem & regard 
for yourself, your good lady & fine family, Hono ble S r , 
Your most faithfull & most obedient servant.. J. B. 

Boston, Oct/ 29, 1731. 

# Homans. Atkins. 


S R , — Your very obliging favour of 15 June last came 
to my hands the 27 curr fct . I assure you it is a great 
pleasure to me that I have been able to do any little 
service to your kinsman, not only from your recommenda- 

* Brian Fairfax was born April 11, 1676, and died Jan. 9, 1748-9. From 1723 until his 
death he was one of the Commissioners of Customs. See Dictionary of National Biography, 
vol. xviii. p. 130. — Eds. 


tions, but on the score of his own merit, for the more I 
know him the better I am pleased with him, and so are 
all that have the pleasure of his acquaintance. I hope 
his great modesty & the little trouble he gives you & the 
rest of his friends will be no reason for your forgetting 
him when any place may fall whereby you may serve him, 
for really the collection at Salem (of £40 a year) is but a 
poor business for the support of a family.* The present 
collector at Boston (the nephew of S r Joseph Jekyll) is 
a most worthy acceptable gent m . But if he shou'd drop 
(for we are all mortal) before Mr. Fairfax, what if you & 
Coll 11 Bladen shou'd get a promise of your kinsman's be- 
ing translated hither. I believe it's the best collection in 
North America. In the mean time if it falls in my way 
to do him any further services, both he and you will be 
sure of 'em. 

I must, S r , ask your pardon while I take the freedom to 
recommend to Commiss r Fairfax's favour & countenance 
the bearer my youngest son, who after spending his last 
seven years at our little College inclined to bend himself 
to the study of the law, and has now taken chambers in 
the Temple. You must not expect to see in him a Briton. 
But I hope your candour will allow for such deficiencies 
as your nice eye will discern in a youth just come from the 
wilds of New England. I wish his modest & mannerly, 
behaviour may merit some part of your esteem, and that 
you would allow him now & then to pay you his dutifull 
regards. You will please to forgive this fondness in a 
father, and with the greatest freedom command any ser- 
vices in the power of Honob le S r , 

Your most obedi fc & most humble serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 30, 1731. 

V Ilomans. Atkins. 

* William Fairfax was Collector at Salem until June, 1734, when he removed to Vir- 
ginia. He died 3, 1757. See Felt's Annals of Salem, vol. ii. p. 380; Sparks's Writ- 
ings of George Washington, vol. ii. p. 52 note. — Eds. 



May it please your Grace, — I have already done my- 
self the honour of writing you at large on the affairs of 
both Provinces under my care, and am now to own the 
great honour of your letter of 14 Augs* past brought me 
f> M r Shirley. As I shall always with great pleasure pay a 
strict regard & obedience to the least of your Grace's com- 
mands, so they are still more acceptable when they bring 
to my knowledge & acquaintance so worthy & ingenious a 
gentleman as M r Shirley, whom you are pleas'd to honour 
with the title of your friend, and to recommend him in 
the strongest manner, as I shall (for a pleader) to the 
several setts of Judges of the Courts in both my govern- 
ments ; and as they are under my appointment I hope the 
weight & influence I may have with them may be of ser- 
vice to this gent m , nor will anything else that can possibly 
fall in my power be wanting that may turn to his benefit 
& advantage. 

I am not able, my Lord Duke, to express the honour 
you have done me, and the obligation you have laid me 
under by thus commanding me to serve a gent m for whom 
you have a value ; and since your Grace is pleas'd to 
invite me to suggest anything by which you might further 
contribute to M r Shirley's incouragment, if any thing of 
that nature shou'd happen here, I shall be watchfull to 
hand it to your Grace. 

I think it my duty to inform your Grace, that I am in- 
form'd by a master of a vessel lately from Jamaica that 
the Spanish galeons attempting to come thro the Wind- 
ward Passage met with a violent storm which forced 
several of them on shore, and the ship this master was 
aboard of was a galeon of 24 guns which had lost her 
rudder & one of her masts, and the cap* said his ship had 
great wealth aboard, and that it was generally suppos'd 
that this fleet was the richest that ever went from the 



Spanish Indies. What turn this great disaster may give 
to the affairs of Europe can't easily be seen. The master 
is at present gone into the country, but I expect him here 
in a few days, when I shall take his affidavit & transmit 
it to your Grace. 

I am in the next place, may it please your Grace, to 
mention with the profoundest gratitude & respect the 
great honour & respect you have done my son Jonathan 
in your smiles & countenance towards him, of which he 
gives me a most gratefull & large account, as also of your 
Grace's great goodness & favour to me in the affairs of 
my government. As I believe this part of the world is 
con vine' d, so I do assure your Grace there is no gent m to 
whom the King cou'd have committed the care of his 
Provinces that can have a greater zeal to support the 
honour & dignity of the Crown than myself ; nor shall 
anything be wanting to the utmost of my power for his 
Majesty's service and the interest of his British dominions, 
all which I think very consistent with the wellfare of these 
plantations. My brother M r Partridge gives me a very 
particular account of your Grace's favour & kindness to 
me in the matter of my support from this government, 
and that you have been very ready in obtaining his 
Majesty's royal leave for my taking the money last 
granted me by this Assembly, for which I give your Grace 
my most humble thanks, and pray of your Grace for the 
future that when any matters relating to me come before 
your Grace or any other of his Majesty's ministers my 
brother M r Partridge & my son Jonathan may be notified 
and admitted to appear as my agents & in my behalf. 
My son, after spending the last seven years at our little 
University in Cambridge, chose to attempt the study of 
the law for his future business in life, to which end I have 
sent him to the Temple. I think he is a youth of vertue 
& diligence, whereon I ground my hopes of his making a 
man in time ; and if your Grace will according to your 


wonted condescention & humanity let this bring him into 
your presence, and allow him (as occasion may require) to 
pay his duty and obeisance to your Grace, I shall esteem 
it a great favour done me, him, and my whole family, and 
a good basis whereon to build his future interest & repu- 
tation in the world ; and I hope your great candour will 
pass by any peculiarities your nice & polite eye will too 
readily discern in this youth, while you will please to con- 
sider he is but the raw production of the wilds of America. 
I ask a million pardons for this long interruption of your 
Grace, which you see has proceeded from the sollicitude of 
a fond father who has the honour to be, with the highest 
deference, duty, & esteem, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most faithfull, most devoted & most obe- 
dient servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 1, 1731. 

$ Homans. Atkins. 


Dear Jonathan, — My last was 26 July f» Cary, since 
which I have reed yours of 1, 14, & 31 of same month, & 
Augs* 16 W Foster, N. York, Homans & Shepherdson, and 
have read them with a great deal of pleasure & satis- 
faction. I heartily ascribe blessing & praise to God, your 
preserver & redeemer, the great author of all our .mercies, 
for your safe & happy arrival in London, and can't be 
thankfull enough for the signal preservations you met 
with in your passage, nor for the great civility, respect, & 

* Jonathan Belcher, Jr., was the second son of Governor Belcher, and was born in 
Boston July 23, 1710. He graduated at Harvard College in 1728, and then went to 
England, where he studied law and attained distinction at the English bar. In the famous 
case of Phillips vs. Savage, argued before the King in Council, in 1738, he was junior 
counsel for the appellant. Subsequently he went to Nova Scotia, and was one of the first 
settlers of Chebucto (now called Halifax). In 1760 he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor, 
and in 1761 Chief-Justice of the Province. He married in Boston, April 8, 1756, Abigail, 
daughter of Jeremiah Allen, and died in Halifax, March 29 or 30, 1776. See Allen's Bio- 
graphical Dictionary, p. 78; N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. xxvii. p. 242; Murdoch's 
History of Nova Scotia, passim. — Eds. 


honour you find from all orders & ranks of men. I was 
sorry to hear of the death of my old friends, M r Caswall 
& M r Bull, and that the former had left his family in 
such melancholly circumstances. The small things you 
desire are T Homans, as in Postscript. I take notice with 
a great deal of gratitude of M r Newman's affectionate re- 
gards & civilities to you, and that he had allow'd you to 
be under his roof 'till your chambers were ready. This is 
uncommonly kind. But I am above all oblig'd to your 
good uncle that he seems to have adopted you for a son. 
My dear son, you will see by the several letters now under 
your cover, unseal'd (which you will read, seal, & deliver) 
that my soul is unwearied in its care for your wellfare & 
happiness, and I can appeal to Him whom I adore that my 
first & chief concern is that you may be happy in a better 
world ; and I must now reprove you for so great a neglect 
of your pious & honoured grandmother. # I am as well 
satisfyed that she will have an exalted seat in Heaven as 
if she was already arriv'd to the General Assembly & 
Church of the First Born, and to the spirits of the just 
made perfect, and upon a thorro search of your own heart, if 
you can have hope that you are born anew in Christ Jesus, 
you must first give glory to God, and then own your ex- 
cellent grandmother as the instrument, who in the tender 
years of your cradle, and so along to your youth up, de- 
voted you to God upon the bended knees of her soul, and 
was continually inculcating upon you her pious counsels, 
and which I have been often ready to believe have dropt 
as the rain & distill'd as the dew, as the rain upon the 
tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass. Oh, that 
God wou'd continue the influences thereof upon you for- 
ever & ever. How can you then forget the endearing love 
of such a parent & never write her a line ? But I will 
not grieve you, and am willing to believe that your time 

* 1 1 is maternal grandmother, the widow of Lieut. -Gov. William Partridge, who was 
then Living at Newbury, Mass. She died June 10, 1739, at an advanced age. — Eds. 


has been much ingrost on many accounts, yet I wou'd have 
this be a standing admonition that you mayn't fail to write 
her now and then, and your good Aunt Caswall (who, I 
know, loves you dearly). 

The instructions I gave you at parting with what I left 
you upon my last voyage to G c Britain (and which I think 
you took to London) were so full that I hardly know what 
to add, but desire you often to peruse & pursue them. 
Remember you was devoted to God in your infancy, and 
that those vows have been renew'd & ratify'd by you 
at adult years ; that whenever you wander from God & 
his ways into the path of those that forget God your hope 
must be that of the hypocrite which shall perish. But of 
you, my dear son, I hope better things, even those that 
accompany salvation. I say, hold fast your integrity, and 
let no man take your crown, and with all your gettings 
get understanding. That is pure & undefiled religion 
before God and the Father. Have always courage to as- 
sert this before the most wicked & prophane, and if they 
deride God & goodness shun such company as you wou'd 
your destruction. By the help of God make such a stand 
(betimes) as becomes a soldier under the great Captain 
of your Salvation, and the assaults of the Devil & his 
emissaries will grow weaker thereafter ; devoting yourself 
morning & evening to the God of your life & the length 
of your days, & a constant reading of the holy Scriptures, 
will be an excellent preservative against the snares of a 
wicked world. I humbly & heartily commend you to God 
and to the word of his grace. Amen, amen. 

I come now, my son, to the business in which you are 
intending to fix for life, and your first thoughts, with ad- 
vice of several of your friends fell in with what I wrote a 
little after your sailing (viz*, to be some time with an at- 
torney). Mr. Wilks, Morton, Jeffries, Gov r Shute, Counsel- 
lor Horsman were in this opinion ; but afterwards I find M r 
Sharp, Newman, Thompson, & several counsellors thought 


it not necessary at your years, & considering to what part 
of the law you intended to bend your studies for practice 
hereafter. You say it wou'd cost you £150; I hope the 
charge has been no consideration, or put into either scale, 
if it might (or may still be thought) for your best advan- 
tage ; for if God enables you to be vertuous & diligent I 
shall begrutch no expense for your best accomplishment, 
and much depends on the sitting out right in the method 
of your studies. Therefore endeavour after the best ac- 
quaintance for advice in your so doing. Counsellor Hors- 
man, I see, has shown you great respect ; so has D r Watts, 
Calamy, M r Morton, Belamy, Neal, Jeffries, Chandler, 
Belcher ; and I am greatly oblig'd to them, and desire 
you to give them my hearty thanks & humble service, and 
at their leisure shall esteem their favours. Tell D r Cal- 
amy I am not unmindfull of serving his son ; but will 
endeavour to do it, if I can properly find it in my power. 
I am also under great obligations to the Hono ble M r H. 
Walpole, S r Joseph Jekyll, M r Cartaret, M r Bendish & Sand- 
ford for the notice they have taken of you, and intend to 
write them in a little time, and to S r E. Walpole & others 
under your cover. I take a particular notice of what you 
say about Gov r Holden and his fine family, and how much 
M r Morton urges you upon an affair to be done but once 
for life. It therefore requires much & sedate considera- 
tion. It will be pleasing to me that you keep up a good 
acquaintance in so good a family. But upon my first view 
of this matter (considering your youth, &c a ) I think it will 
be most to your advantage to endeavour to be content in 
a state of celibacy. What saith the Apostle ? he that is 
married careth for the things that are of the world, how 
he may please his wife. I take this to be a hint that 
matrimony is a state attended with cares & difficulties, 
into which I shou'd not chuse you shou'd enter yourself 
at present, but rather devote yourself singly & wholly 
to the study you have chosen. 


Keep Lord Chancellor King & Lord Chief Justice Hales 
always in view, and struggle hard to be eminent in the 
law. I say you must be content to lead the life of a recluse 
for some years, that you may lay a good foundation for 
making a figure some time or other ; yet as you go along 
temper your studies with proper relaxings & recreations 
that you may not bear too hard on your constitution. If 
you should one day become an accomplisht lawyer, & 
at same time merit the character of a vertuous & truly 
religious gent m , you need not fear finding a wife to your 
wishes. I am glad you talkt the matter over with your 
uncle about the agency of this Province. I am sure there 
was nothing wanting in me to have brought it to bear, 
and I really depended, agreeable to what I talkt with 
M r Wilks at London, that he wou'd 'a' been freely willing 
to have shar'd the matter with your uncle. I hear the 
New York Assembly have desired M r Baker to assist in 
Parliament to prevent the West India's bill's passing. 
Your uncle will see I have not been wanting to get him 
chose Agent for New York, and still hope to accomplish it. 
I am perfectly convinc'd of his friendship & attachment 
to my interest, and he shall always find me heartily ready 
to return it in every way & manner that shall fall in my 
power. But when I cant succeed in any affair according 
to his wishes he must not be angry, or jealous that I am 
cool to his service. I shall take care to send a letter from 
the Quakers in my favour. I don't hear the least lisp of 
M r Wilks's quitting his agency, nor do I believe he ever 
will, because all persons from London seem to think he is 
very much pleas'd with it. 

The bushes you have mentioned for M r Thompson's 
brother Weakley shall be sent in the spring. I am sorry 
M r Kector Williams's letter to him miscarried, which I 
told the Kector of at my house about a fortnight since, 
and I shall in a little time have another to send him. I 
am very well pleased with the memorial you presented the 


Duke of Newcastle in my behalf, and which has gained 
you here very considerable credit & reputation, and so has 
your appearance at Court in my affairs, and which I es- 
teem as good instances of your duty & obedience. 

The Royal leave for my support is long in coming ; yet 
I hope will not be much longer if aboard Crocker, who is 
daily expected. I hear nothing more of a letter you men- 
tion to be sent me from Duke of Newcastle, & to justify 
my proceedings about Coll 11 Dunbar ; if it shou'd cost 
more than six guineas I shou'd think it money well ex- 
pended, for it wou'd be of vast service to me in the gov- 
ernment. Therefore tell your uncle he must endeavour to 
send me such a letter by the spring ships ; and M r New- 
man (with your uncle's help) must still follow the Board 
of Trade for the Royal mandamuss for Richard Waldron, 
Benjamin Gambling, & Ephraim Dennet, Esq rs to be of 
the Council of New Hampshire, for it's a matter of 
great concern to me to have the Council fill'd with such 
as are my friends. I hate to stain my paper with the 
name of Jerry Dunbar, while I wonder he can have the 
impudence to think of being of the Council.* We are ex- 
pecting M r Waldo, and to hear V him all particulars relat- 
ing to the lands at Pemquid, & ca . I shall take a proper 
time & measures to fill John Foye with shame & confusion 
for his baseness & ingratitude. I am glad you can give 
so good a character of M r Barker, and as I was highly 
pleas'd with his kindness & civility to you, I took all 
occasions to show him particular respect on his return 
hither, and he is lately gone to his post in the Jerseys, 
where I wish him all prosperity. You did well to recom- 
mend M r Shirley to me in the manner you have. I charge 
you always to let me know from whom you receive respect, 
that I may return it (if in my power) as I shall to this 
modest, ingenious gent m on all occasions. The day after 
he came on shore he din'd with me, when I paid him £30 

* Jerry Dunbar was a brother of Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. — Eds. 


for his pocket ; he had not your bill about him, but 

I told him he might call for the remainder when he 
pleased, and I am glad you took it, and I shall secure 
his bills as far as he may draw yearly, & send them 
to your uncle. 

I am well satisfied with the chambers you have taken 
at the Temple, and with the furniture you have put into 
'em. I understand they are in the third story, and M r 
Shirley says never the worse for one that resolves to 
be a hard student. I am sensible this first year must 
be more chargeable to you than hereafter, and if it does 
not exceed £220 st r , I shall not think amiss, & hope 
£150 st r communibus annis will give you a handsome & 
honourable support. You must take no advantages of a 
fond father while he says he loves you so well and so 
earnestly desires your welfare that he will begrutch 
you nothing in reason, k that you take care to spend 
his money to your own advantage & credit & to his 
honour, & I will endeavour that you be always season- 
ably supplyed. 

You carried with you 
reed of M r Hodson 

M r Shirley 

About 2 months since I sent to M r Hart at Bristol 

II tuns of ore, which may remit to y r uncle 
In a few weeks I shall ship 9 tuns more 

Out of which your uncle must be paid 

and I shall be remitting your uncle money otherways, 
that I hope he won't let you want for any thing. 

£65 . . 

50 . . 

21 . . 


136 . . 

165 . . 

135 . . 


£436 .0.0 

104 . . 


£332 .0.0 

I come now to the affair you mention about M r Wilks 

* Francis Wilks, a merchant in London, who was Agent of Massachusetts in England 
from 1728 until his death, July 5, 1742. — Eds. 



& altho' it did not suit his conveniency to answer the credit 
I gave you on him for £50, yet I charge you to affect no 
sort of strangeness to him, of which he writes me with 
some concern. Consider his years, his figure, & fortune 
in the world, & consider your distance from him ; consider 
also that he is my intire friend. Of this he has given me 
such unfeigned proofs as leave me out of all doubt, and I 
know he is very capable & full of inclination to serve me. 
I therefore say on receipt of this bury in eternal oblivion 
any little childish sowerness or prejudice you might have 
conceived & banish from your thoughts every thing of that 
nature ; and upon this command of your father, without 
any hesitations or debate in your own mind, put in prac- 
tice the Christian & the gent m . Wait on him with the 
condescention & courteousness that becomes your youth, 
and ask his pardon for any thing he may have thought 
amiss in you. I am sure he will receive you with sincere 
friendship & kindness, and I doubt not but you will always 
be welcome at his house. It is not for a youth to presume 
to take umbrage at gent m so much their superiours. But 
you will find it to your advantage to conduct yourself 
thro' the stages of life with humanity, humility, and affa- 
bility to all mankind. I expect to have an account in the 
spring from M r Wilks & you that every thing is easy & 
placid, and that } 7 ou enjoy as much of his company & ac- 
quaintance as his favour & leisure from your studies will 
allow. I don't remember ever to have mentioned anything 
of a pad, but upon your hint I am looking to get a fine 
one against the spring (a winter passage is too hazardous) 
to send to your uncle to be disposed as he shall judge to 
be most for my interest & service. Altho' I am well 
pleas'd with your appearing in publick now and then, 
yet I wou'd be tender of your hurting your studies on 
any account, but choose rather your uncle shou'd go thro' 
my affairs without giving you too much interruption. 
As any thing new occurs to my thoughts, I shall be 



constantly writing you ; for I am with an indelible affec- 
tion, my dear son, 

Your thoughtfull, loving father. J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 1, 1731. 

Give my humble service to Coll 1 Bladen, & deliver him 
Duke of Chandois's l ttr from M r Harrison of N. York. 

Piatt & deed of land to be deliv d S r Rob* Clark. 

Your diploma. 

4 cutts of the Colleges. jULCS"?* JL3 

3 (last) Catalogues. 

2 Masters & 2 Batchelors theses (of the last) . 

3 Gazettes, out of which you may reprint, if your uncle thinks best, 
what I have markt. 

2 b b9 Cramberries for your uncle & self. 

2 f r wild geese to be presented (in my name) to Duke of Newcastle 
& M r Horace Walpole. 
tf Homans. Atkins. 


S R , — A few days since I had f» Cap* Shepherdson your 
kind favour of 10 Aug 8t past, which brings me under fresh 
obligations for the countenance & respect you have been 
pleas'd to show my son, of which (I assure you) he talks 
loudly & largely to his father, and of good M r Bendish's 
great civility to him, which is also owing to your good- 
ness in bringing my son to his knowledge. I am infinitely 
oblig'd to you that you will as you have opportunity drop 
your wise & grave exhortations to him to steady him in his 
vertue & religion. This I inculcate upon him continually, 
and after all I know nothing less than the constant sup- 

* Col. Samuel Shute was born in England in 1653, and died there April 15, 1732. 
From 1716 to 1723 he was Governor of Massachusetts, and being of an unyielding temper 
and resolute to uphold the royal prerogatives, he was engaged in a constant struggle with 
the General Court. — Eds. 


plies of God's grace can save him amidst the innumerable 
lures & temptations with which he will be continually 
attackt. I therefore heartily commit him to the Al- 
mighty power and free mercy of God in Christ, and there 
I desire quietly to leave him. He went hence with good 
principles & resolutions of vertue & diligence, and if he 
holds his integrity, 'tis on these things that I ground my 
hopes of his making some figure in the world in time. I 
thank you very kindly that you will now and then take 
him under your wing to Court, and where I know you 
will be so candid as to excuse any disadvantages or pecu- 
liarities in his mein & behaviour which will be too readily 
observ'd by those nice & polite judges of manners at Court. 
You and they must consider him as one just escapt from 
the wilds of New England. I shall take the freedom of 
giving my son a lett r to M r Bendish f -p next convey*. I 
thank you for talking over the matter of my support 
where you thought it might be of service. I have really 
a hard, cruel time of it, no leave being yet come from the 
King for my accepting what the Assembly have offer'd. 
But several of my friends write, I may expect it by next 
ship. And if the King allows me to take £3000 a year 
(if they vote it), I find it will not defrey the charge (with 
all the ceconomy I can be master of), so vile are the bills, — 
<£350 being now currently given for £100 st r ; and when 
they will be better I can't see. I heartily rejoyce that 
by the King's wisdom & steadiness all things seem to 
have a pacifick view. Leiu* Gov r Tailer sends you his 
most humble service, and my whole family join their best 
regards to those of, S r , 

Your sincere friend & most faithfull humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 1, 1731. 

$ Romans. Atkins. 



Loving Brother, — My last was a few lines T Curling 
of 20 Sept r from N. Hampshire. I am now to own with 
a great deal of gratitude your many kind letters of June 
3, July 2, 5, 8, & 12, Augs* 2, 3, 4, 12, 20, & 24 T Foster, 
N. York, Homans, Phil a , & Shepherdson. I was sorry to 
hear of the death of my old friend M r J. Gaswall, and that 
he left his affairs under such difficult circumstances. I 
am very thankfull to you for your diligence & care in ad- 
vising me in this matter, but I had fully secur'd myself 
on the arrival of Cap* Clark who brought us the first news 
about a fortnight before your letter came ; your kindness 
is nevertheless to be own'd & remembered, for I had past 
my notes for him (for his daughter's marriage) for £800 
st r , for which I have got into my hands upwards £3000 
this money ; but this you must keep to yourself. I take 
a very particular notice of every clause of all your letters, 
and am fully convinc'd how much and how sincerely you 
are attacht to my interest & service, nor have I ever had 
the experience of any one more vigilant & more diligent. 
I observe also that you say M r Wilks has been very hearty 
& ready to serve me, and that he was oblig'd (agreeable 
to the orders of the House of Representatives) to make 
use of the bill they past in Oct r 1730 ; nor do I think 
they can with any face of honesty or honour ever go from 
it. I see you have interest with Lord Islay t & Harring- 
ton,! and had us'd it in my favour, and that you had en- 
gag'd S r Joseph Jekyll (thro' M r Sandford) and that you 
carry'd Jonathan with you to Mr. H. Walpole,§ and were 
kindly reed & talkt over the affair of the salary to my 

* Richard Partridge was the eldest son of William Partridge, sometime Lieutenant- 
Governor of New Hampshire. He went to England, and was the personal agent of Gov- 
ernor Belcher, who had married his sister Mary. — Eds. 

t Brother of the Duke of Argyle. — Eds. 

X William Stanhope, Lord Harrington, was at this time Secretary of State, and after- 
ward Lord President of the Council. — Eds. 

§ " Old Horace," brother of Sir Robert Walpole. — Eds. 


advantage, and that you wou'd procure your friend M r 
John Gurney of Norfolk's letter to M r Walpole for my 
service, as occasion might at any time require. You well 
observe that a Gov r can't have too many friends at Court. 
I will take care that Andrew pays his grandmother the 
Vs commissions (as you have order'd). The Assembly 
sits here again this week, and you may depend on every 
thing in my power for the relief of the Quakers, and I 
think I shall be able to get a bill past that will be pleas- 
ing. The Quakers are. very sensible of my readiness & 
sincerity to serve 'em. You need make no excuse to me 
about opening my letters from the publick offices, because 
you'll see I have wrote the Sec ry of State you and my son 
are to appear for me on all occasions. I am glad you 
have brought Jonathan acquainted with M r Will m (as well 
as M r John) Sharp. As you observe I must walk very 
circumspectly lest the King's ministers shou'd imagine I 
am not zealous enough for the honour of the Crown, and 
lest the House of Commons shou'd think I bear too hard 
upon the priviledges of the people. I'll endeavour to 
steer as nicely as I can between both. Altho' my son was 
not deputed in form, yet I think there need be no nicety 
about that. He liv'd with me during the whole dispute 
with the Assembly about the 27 instruction, wrote over 
all my speeches, and is as perfectly acquainted with the 
whole affair as any person in New England. I thank 
your advice not to come over. I have the same from all 
my other friends. I take notice you have great freedom 
with the Duke of Newcastle, and that his Grace is very 
friendly to me. We must all take care to pay him great 
duty & respect & not offend him. Lord Harrington also 
treated you very kindly, and I am under great obligations 
to his Lordship for his favourable promise in my behalf. 
I see the Lords of Trade have not been very friendly in 
these matters ; and yet Coll 11 Bladen writes me every now 
and then very civily & curteously. We must treat them 


with good manners, and if they will be unreasonable we 
must endeavour to do our business with the King & his 
immediate ministers. When you have duplicates of my 
letters come to hand, and the originals have been deliver' d, 
its best not to keep the former by you. I hope the cheeses 
I sent f> Shepherdson were distributed as I directed tho' 
you say nothing ab 1 'em. 2 Augs 8fc you say M r Sharp open'd 
the case before a Committee of Council much to advan- 
tage, and that the Duke of Newcastle and Lord President 
were so good as to order that you & Jonathan shou'd be 
there upon the adjournment. I shall always very thank- 
fully pay what you spend (according to your own pru- 
dence) in my affairs, and I desire you to write me what 
you think reasonable for your own time & trouble besides ; 
for altho' I will serve you here in every thing in my 
power (and your friends the Quakers) for nothing, nor 
will I at any time begrutch my time & pains, yet I don't 
desire you shou'd do any thing for me without a reward. 
Long before you wrote to me about the agency of New 
York I had wrote to M r Phillips, the Speaker, in your 
favour, with whom I have been intimately acquainted 
more than 20 years. I also wrote to M r Van Dam, the 
present Commander in Cheif, and have got M r Jacob 
Wendell (who has a great interest at York & Albany) to 
write to several of the Assembly to assist, and I hope you 
will be chose some time the next month. Nothing in me 
shall be wanting ; yet you must not be angry if I can't 
always do what you desire. I find the Board of Trade 
begin now to complain that I write too much ; it's hard 
pleasing them. I note what you say about P. D. # I have 
not had a word of difference with him since my arrival. 
He carrys it to me with great duty & respect ; yet I know 
he don't love me, & perhaps I mayn't continue him a 
Judge. Yet I will consider once & again of what you 

* Paul Dudley. He was one of the Judges of the Superior Court, and remained on the 
bench through the whole of Belcher's administration. — Eds. 


write. Your diligence f way of Phil a of 12 Aug 8t brought 
me the first news of the King's leave to take the money 
the Assembly have voted. You are remarkable for your 
steady application & industry throughout this whole 
Province. Crocker who, they say, brings the new in- 
struction is not arriv'd, but daily expected. I am sur- 
priz'd to see the fringe cost £23.4.0. If I had thought it 
wou'd have cost half the money I wou'd not have sent for 
it. I see \ou are in the whole £104. in advance for me, 
which I suppose the ore I shipt for Bristol in Aug 8fc last 
will reimburse you before this gets to hand, being 11 tuns, 
I believe may remit to you £170, and 9 tuns more I shall 
ship in about a month £140, may be £310.* I desire 
you to correspond with W m Hart, Esq r , who has my orders 
to remit you the money, according to my promise to M r 
Lockwood at London. I have order'd M r Hart to give 
his agent the offer of all my ore. Sometime in the spring 
I shall send a third parcel, and as we go deeper it grows 
finer & better. I hope to send some in the spring will 
yield £30 st r a tun. The works are now in a good way. 
I am glad Jonathan got 20 guineas of M r Shirley, which I 
shall pay on sight of his bill with the exchange, & get the 
promise of his bills for the future. What shall I say to 
you, brother, and how shall I express the gratefull senti- 
ments of my heart for your tender care & fatherly affec- 
tion to my son ? No other respect in the world cou'd 'a 
been equal. I hope God will give him grace to behave to 
you always with great duty, respect, & gratitude, and that 
he will at no time be a dishonour to his uncle, or make 
you asham'd to own him for your nephew. 

I am well satisfied with his expence of £220 st r for this 
first year, and that £150 will do hereafter. I see he had 
waited on the Speaker under D r Calamy's umbrage, & was 

* Governor Belcher was one of a company of capitalists to whom the copper-mines at 
Simsbury in Connecticut had been leased; and he was also a large land-owner in that 
Province. See Phelps's History of Simsbury, Granby, and Canton, p. 115; Phelps's 
History of Newgate of Connecticut, p. 10. — Eds. 

1731.] TO FRANCIS WILKS. 41 

kindly entertain'd. You must never let Jonathan spend 
any money in my affairs, but always repay him. I shall 
think it a great honour to have a present of beer from 
M r Speaker. I am glad Jonathan has carry'd it so as to 
be of service to his father, but you must be cautious he be 
not taken off too much from his studies ; tho' it may be 
to his future advantage, as well as mine, that he be well 
acquainted with the King's ministers & at the publick 
offices. Altho' I have seal'd Jonathan's letter, & those 
under his cover that they may be reed in the neater 
manner, yet it's my order that you open & read his as 
well as all the rest ; then let them be handsomely reseal'd, 
& assist him in delivering them, and so you must M r New- 
man in getting the mandamuss for Richard Waldron, 
Benjamin Gambling, & Ephraim Dennet, Esq rs , to be of 
the Council at New Hampshire ; and what wou'd I give 
that you was able to get Coll 11 Henry Sherburne my Leiu* 
Gov r in the room of Dunbar. Try, all of you, what you can 
do with Duke of Newcastle, Lord Wilmington, M r Speaker, 
M r H. Walpole, &c a . I shou'd be mighty easy in the gov- 
ernm* there if this cou'd be done. What you find want- 
ing in my advices to dear Jonathan, you must tell me 
that I may add it hereafter ; as I shall to you anything of 
moment that comes to my mind. Its near two o'clock in 
the morning, so I bid you farewell for the present, and 
assure you that I remain, with an unfeigned respect, S r , 
Your affectionate brother. J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 1, 1731. 
V Homans. Atkins. 


S R , — I wrote you 12 Aug st last V Cary, with duplicate 
y. Delap, & 27 ult° to introduce to your acquaintance Maj r 
Paul Masquarene.t I am now to own with a great deal of 

* See note, ante, p. 33. — Eds. 

t Jean Paul Mascarene. He was a native of France, but at a very early age went to 



pleasure and gratitude your kind letters of July 7, Augs* 
3, 6, & 23 Y Foster, Homans, Mulberry, & Shepherdson, 
and I take a particular notice of all you write. I am ex- 
tremely sorry for your very great loss by the Woodwards, 
yet hope it will not be so bad as was fear'd. It gives me 
a great concern & uneasiness that I have not been able to 
make you remisses for what I owe you. However, I know 
you are a reasonable man, and must be sensible of the 
cruel hardship I have been under ever since my arrival, 
to be at the expence & figure of a Gov r , and all out of my 
own estate. I hope things will soon be easy, and my first 
care shall be to discharge what I owe you. It is with 
great satisfaction that I observe the good interest you 
have establisht with the King's ministers, Lord Wilming- 
ton & Harrington particularly, with whom I find you had 
been regal'd at dinner ; and by your last I find the Lords 
of the Privy Council had advis'd his Majesty to allow my 
taking the £5400 voted by the Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives, and that the King had sign'd an instruction 
accordingly, which you intended to send Y Crocker, and 
I hope you have ; we are hourly expecting his arrival. 
But, as you observ'd to my Lord President,* this is but 
skinning over the wound, which must break out again in 
May next, and the Gov r & Assembly must still be in dis- 
putes & difficulties. I see you have made use of the 
bill past in Oct r last, conformable to the orders you reed 
from the House of Representatives, and that in case they 
will revive such a bill my Lord Wilmington will assist 
you in getting the King's leave for my passing it. I 
therefore expect you have wrote in the strongest terms to 
the Court for their so doing, that this long dispute may 
be shut up. As I understand you have pawn'd your faith 
& honour to the ministry on this head, it will be scanda- 

Switzerhmd and afterward to England, where he was naturalized. He then entered the 
British army, and came to America and was employed in Nova Scotia. For many years 
he was a member of the Council, and from 1740 to 1749 Acting Governor of the Province. 
He died in Boston, Jan. 22, 1700. See Drake's Dictionary of American Biography. — Eds. 
* The Earl of Wilmington was at this time President of the Council. — Eds. 

1731.] TO FKANCIS WILKS. 43 

lous in the House to draw back & leave you in the lurch ; 
yet I am afraid of 'em. I have talkt with M r Cook # about 
it, and he seems doubtfull, not of himself, but of the House. 
But you must press them continually till its done. And 
the supply of the Treasury is another article that will lead 
into great confusions if some order don't soon come from 
the King about it. 6 Augs* you say my Malmsey was 
landing from Madeira. I order'd the consul to send you 
three hh ds to be disposed thus, — to S r Rob* Walpole, Lord 
Townshend, Coll 11 Bladen ; and three hh ds to M r Caswall — 
for Duke Newcastle, Lord Wilmington, M r Speaker. I hope 
they are all fallen into your hands, because you mention 
the Speaker. Since Coll 11 Bladen don't incline to accept 
of his, please to present it with my humble service to M r 
H. Walpole. I pray you still to assist me in conjunction 
with my brother Partridge in the affairs of my New Hamp- 
shire government, that Coll 11 Henry Sherburne may be my 
Leiu fc in the room of Dunbar. It is no service to the man, 
and a great hurt to the King's province & people, & how 
is it possible to be otherwise while he and I are at such 
variance ? I believe it was given him to keep him from 
a jayl, but it don't answer that end, for he is afraid to 
show his head in the Province, which is a great scandal 
& dishonour to the King's commission. I wish you wou'd 
also help me in getting out the royal mandamuss for Richard 
Waldron, Benjamin Gambling, & Ephraim Dennet, Esq rs , 
to be of the King's Council in New Hampshire. I fancy 
you might get these things done by Lord Wilmington, 
Harrington, &c a . I think it highly reasonable that the 
Gov r shou'd be made easy in his Council. 

I come now, S r , to the affair of my son Jonathan, who 
(I am asham'd to say) is much my darling ; but I observe 
fathers as they grow old are apt to be silly. I humbly ask 
your pardon for that part of my letter f> him wherein I 

* The younger Elisha Cooke. He was for more than twenty years a member of the 
House of Representatives, and the most prominent leader of the popular party. Governor 
Belcher afterward refers to him in very abusive terms. — Eds. 


desir'd you to supply him with 40 or 50£ st r , of which I 
have since taken the needfull care that he will not now 
have occasion to trouble you for any money. My recom- 
mendation otherwise I pray you to look back upon, to 
which I have nothing to add. I ask a 1000 pardons on 
his behalf that he shou'd affect the least strangeness or show 
any ill manners to a gent m , for whom I tell you (from the 
bottom of my soul) I have such an intire respect & value, 
& who has loaded me with so many & so great obligations, 
as I shall never be able to discharge. I want no proof of 
your real friendship, nor is anybody able to shock mine 
towards you. Inclos'd is the paragraph of my letter to 
my son relating to this matter. I pray you to consider 
his youth & forgive him. I heartily condole with you 
on the death of our good old friend M r Bull. May such 
awfull mementos keep us always mindfull of our great & 
last change. Your recommendation of the ingenious & 
vertuous M r Shirley will have weight & influence sufficient 
for all the services & benefits I can possibly do him, and 
so I have told him, tho' I'm afraid he is come to the 
wrong country for getting of money, ours is of such a 
triffling value and the people in general too expensive & 
extravagant in all articles of life. Altho' I have once and 
again excus'd your not writing to the General Court & 
given the reasons for it, yet for the future, I wou'd pray 
you for your own interest to write them oftner, especially 
to the House of Representatives ; for some people are 
watchfull to prejudice them against you. Nothing in my 
power shall ever be wanting to advance your honour & 
interest, and I have been preparing the House to order the 
Treasurer to remit you £300 st r for your last year's salary, 
which I hope will be done in a little time. I am with great 
esteem and an indelible respect, dear S r , 

Your most faithfull friend & obedient servant, 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov 1, 1731. 

$ Ilomans. Atkins. 

1731.] TO EIP VAN DAM. 45 


Hono ble Sik, — I have now lying before me your 
favours of 9 & 23 of last month, with the papers you in- 
clos'd from the Commissioners for the Indian Affairs at 
Albany, and the Journals of your House of Representa- 
tives in their last session. By these I see the French are 
making incroachments on your frontiers, which will be a 
vast prejudice to the trade of his Majesty's subjects with 
the Indians, and in time may aliene them from us & grad- 
ually bring on a war, to the vast expence & damage of 
these northern Colonies. The Assembly of this Province 
meet the 3 curr", soon after which I shall lay these things 
before them, & doubt not but they will represent them to 
his Majesty by their Agent at the Court of G* Britain. I 
have letters from Whitehall to 24 Augs*, and there was 
then no Gov r appointed for your Province, tho' S r Robert 
Walpole and the Sec ry of State had some time before that 
reed my letters with an account of the death of M r Mont- 
gomerie. We expect ships to be coming hither from Lon- 
don 'till Christmas, and you may depend on my handing to 
you the first advice I may have of the appointment of a 
new Gov r , or any thing else that relates to your Province. 
It was with considerable difficulty that I brought this As- 
sembly into the act for settling the Line with New York. 
I therefore hope the fault will not now lye on the part of 
your Assembly, and must pray (at their next meeting) 
you wou'd forward the affair. 

I thank you, S r , very kindly for your readiness to serve 
my brother Partridge in getting him chose for your Agent. 
If I did not know him to be of good capacity & integrity, 

* Rip Van Dam belonged to a Dutch family which had come over to New Nether- 
land before its conquest by the English; but the date of his birth is not known. He was 
bred to the sea, and in 1686 made a voyage to the West Indies. Subsequently he became 
a merchant and ship-builder in New York. In 1702 he was made a member of the Coun- 
cil; and after the death of Governor Montgomerie in July, 1731, he was at the head of the 
government until the arrival of Governor Cosby in August, 1732. He died, June 10, 1749, 
at an advanced age. See New York Colonial Documents, vol. vi. p. 153, note. — Eds. 


as well as to have great interest in the King's ministers, & 
indeed every way qualified for your service, I wou'd not 
have presum'd to mention him to you. He has been many 
years Agent for the Jerseys and Rhoad Island to great 
satisfaction. I therefore once more pray the interest of 
yourself & friends for him when your Assembly meets 
the next month, or if they do not immediately choose him 
their Agent, that he may be added by a vote of your As- 
sembly to the gent m who are to address his Majesty against 
the pretensions of the Sugar Colonies ; and when once 
they have employed him I am sure to have no further 
occasion of recommending him. I will only add that no 
man in London took that indefatigable pains against the 
Sugar Bill as M r Partridge did, nor with that success. I 
desire you on all occasions to command me with a great 
deal of freedom as, Hono ble Sir, 

Your most faithfull humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov. 1, 1731. 


S R , — I am glad you seem to be in some heart that there 
may be ere long a time for making out a new Assembly. 
Pray, let us not fail to nick it, and then we may heartily 
set to work about the union, and a great many other good 
things. I have T Shepherdson letters from Sec ry of State, 
Speaker of House of Commons, & from many other per- 
sons of great distinction from Whitehall, & every thing 
is good & kind. I hear not a lisp more or less about his 
Pemaquidship,* which makes his little gang here crest- 
fallen ; they think he is dying a lingering death. You 
may depend I shall be well provided at Whitehall by a 
squadron of great friends against the contemptible sim- 
pleton bound to Cadiz.t You must make duplicates of 

* Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. — Ens. 

t Benning Wentworth. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

1731.] TO RICHARD WALDROff. 47 

all that past the last session & send f return of the post 
(or the next). I am 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 1 1, 1731. 



S R , — I am content with what you say about the 
Treasurer (or Receiver's) measuring the ships, & not 
the Naval Officer, & desire you to send me by return of 
the post the act relating thereto made in 13 of G. 1. 
I am sensible Cap* Husk is a very good officer & well at- 
tacht to the Gov r , and am therefore sorry (on his ace") 
that I am oblig'd to do according to the inclosed (which 
you'll deliver). You may depend I have good hold of the 
new officer I intend to make on more accounts than one, 
and I believe he will be a great devotee to the Gov r for his 
own sake, as well as mine ; for notwithstanding the recom- 
mendations I will suffer no man to enjoy an office in my 
gift that will presume to oppose me. This gent m is in- 
tirely out of the measures of your Eastern monsieur, and 
who I think by all my letters & conversations with gent m 
last arriv'd cant hold it long in this part of America. 
You will quickly see something in print confirming what 
I say, — that he must soon take his flight from his chi- 
merical paradise & empire. I don't forget what I said 
to you at Portsmouth ; but I am leaving no stone unturn'd 
that he may be too late convine'd that he caught a Tartar 
when he attempted so unjustly to attack the Gov r . You 
and my friends may depend on all I say. Therefore take 
heart & despise the lies with, which the sinking crew are 
trying to support themselves. They are loath to dye, but 
I know they must. There is no such thing as a manda- 
mus come. M r Waldo being now return' d, I wish you 
wou'd take other care about the charge of yours, of which 
I have wrote afresh by last ships, as well as for Gam- 


bling's & Dennett's. It is of great importance to have 
the Council well fill'd. Poor wretches, two years is a long 
day. God knows who may live to see it. I have good 
reason to believe your friend, the Gov r , stands in a bright 
light & strong at home. His conduct in this Province 
is perfectly approv'd by the King & his ministers. I 
wish you may among you so discern the times as to hit 
the juncture for a dissolution & new choice. The Line 
wou'd be settled & all things else. M r Belcher was in 
good health, and has been of great service at White- 
hall to his father & this Province. The boy has great 
honour done him by persons of the highest rank & dis- 
tinction. I shall give M r Reynolds letters to you, Wal- 
ton, Sherburne, & Wibird, and you must all treat him 
kindly & make much of him as occasion may offer. I 
present my very humble service to Mad m Waldron, and 

am, Hono ble S r , 

Your assured friend, J. B. 

Boston, Nov 8, 1731. 


Gent m , — ]\/[r Middlecott Cook, son of the Hono ble Elisha 
Cooke, Esq r , being a young gent m of good vertue & capacity 
I take the freedom to recommend him to you to be joint 
Clerk of the Court of Sessions & of the Pleas with John 
Ballantine, Esq r , the present Clerk, to whom I wou'd by no 
means do the least disservice ; but as I understand some 
other gent m shares the half of that office, I am desirous to 
serve the young gent m who brings you this, & your ap- 
pointing him accordingly will be taken kindly by, gent m , 
Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 9, 1731. 

To the Hono hl " Thomas Palmer, Esq r , and the rest of the Justices of the 
Sessions, and to the Justices of the Pleas for the Count?/ of Suffolk. 
$ M r Cook. 



My dear Son, — Altho I wrote you at large the 1 of 
this mo° T Homans, yet I can't let this Bristol ship pass 
without telling you that I have reed yours of 16 Augs* 
(but shou'd be 26) v Crocker, & 14 Sept r T Savage, 
where I see you had the great honour of dining with 
the greatest Commoner in G fc Britain (the R fc Hono ble 
M r Speaker Onslow) who reed you with his wonted con- 
descention & civility & wou'd recommend you to a good 
acquaintance for your better proficiency in the law. I 
can't help inclosing to you a clause from a lett r I lately 
reed from my very good friend Cap fc Coram. As it shows 
the sincerity of the Speaker's regard to you, it must 
stimulate you to take all possible occasions of paying 
your duty that you may keep yourself in his knowledge 
& memory, which may prove to your great future ad- 
vantage. I am glad the Malmsey was kindly reed ; and 
as it wou'd do me honour & service here to drink the 
Speaker's health from his own bounty, I wish your uncle 
wou'd wisely manage it by some of the Speaker's servants 
that the beer might come forward. It is from no con- 
sideration of the value of it, but purely for what I men- 
tion. I shou'd also be very proud of a letter from the 
Speaker. I have thankt M r Waldo in the most hearty 
& particular manner for his great civility to you, & for 
the respect & honour he did me on all occasions, and as I 
look on ingratitude a foul, black vice I will endeavour to 
conduct my life as clear of it as possible, and M r Waldo 
will be sure on his applications from time to time of 
every kind thing in my power. M r Reynolds brings me 
a kind letter from his father, L d Bishop of Lincoln, and 
another from the Hono ble Coll 11 Bladen, and he carrys it 
to me with much duty & respect, and I intend to add to 
his collection of New Hampshire the Naval Office worth 
80 or 90 £ a year this money (and may serve for pocket 



money). Dear M r Newman must excuse me 'till the next 
ship to London. I observe you have wrote me f M r Lyn 
(in Cap* Gill), I suppose M r Newman's clerk; he is not 
arriv'd, but daily expected. 

I see you make, reed since y r arrival £155. But my 
last will show you how I have projected a full supply for 
you. I have 9 tuns of copper ore in your brother's ware- 
house which will go to Bristol by a ship bound thither the 
next month & the proceeds to be remitted your uncle. 
You may depend on my constant care of a seasonable sup- 
ply that your mind may be easy in its devotion to study. 
I am hitherto well pleas'd with all you write & all you 
have done. I had almost forgot to say that I wou'd 
have you render me a yearly account of your expence 
pretty particularly, putting your pocket expence in one 
gross sum (for I don't want to know those particulars). 
I never made a voy a to London, but at night one of the 
last things I did I put down the expence of the day in 
the most iotical manner (if you'll let me coin a word). 
Such a method tends to many good purposes, as a thrifty 
expence, to remind you of what places you have been at, 
what company you have been in, &c a . I don't want the 
acco* I now direct to from any fear or jealousy about 
your expence, but for my own better information & 
satisfaction what may be the reasonable annual expence 
of a Templer. I am glad you have paid your duty to my 
Lord of London, and had reed the advantage of his pious 
counsels. * You must remember you always stand in need 
of such excellent inculcations, & never forget that wise 
& solemn caution of S l Paul, — Let him that thinketh 
he standeth take heed lest lie fall. I am glad the Bishop 
reed my letter kindly respecting his Commissary.! I wish 

* Edmund Gibson, a distinguished scholar and antiquary, was at this time Bishop of 
London, having been translated from Lincoln in 1723. He was a zealous Churchman, and 
strongly opposed the efforts of the Dissenters to obtain relief from their disabilities. He 
died in 1748. See Rose's Biographical Dictionary, vol. viii. pp. 21-23; Lippincott's Bio- 
graphical Dictionary, vol. i. p. 1030. — Ens. 

t Roger Price. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 


I cou'd say he was any thing better than an empty su- 
peristious coxcomb. I have safely delivered the gardner's 
letter. I am pleas'd you begin to find satisfaction in your 
new studies, and I have no doubt but it will grow with 
your diligence & industry in them. Altho' our first great 
progenitor was lord of the universe (even after his fall) 
yet he was to get his bread by the sweat of his face ; 
that is, he was to be diligent in his particular calling, 
and what said one of the best of the heathen emperours, 
nulla dies sine linea. He wou'd not let a day pass him 
without some profitable remark, and doing something to 
advantage. I am sensible your French tongue will be of 
good service to you in the study of the law, and so will 
be your short hand at Westminster Hall, where you must 
constantly attend the several courts. When M r Thomas 
Dudley, the eldest son of the late Gov r Dudley, was at the 
Inns of Court a candidate for the practice of the law, and 
at a certain time attending a court in Westminster Hall, 
the chief judge observ'd this young student as he was 
taking his notes with uncommon care & diligence, and 
after calling for the notes of several seargents and bar- 
risters, he askt this young gent m for his, and in open 
court did him the great honour of saying his was the best 
account of all the pleadings in the causes. This I tell 
you to prick up your emulation. But still to do greater 
honour to this young gent m , he returned to his country a 
much better (& most excellent) Christian from the Temple 
than when he went to it ; and this of all things is most 
worthy of your imitation. If you are minded to have a 
degree of Master of Arts, I believe Oxford is esteem'd 
the most ancient & famous University, and will conse- 
quently reflect the most honour. Among other things 
you must endeavour to make & keep up a good city ac- 
quaintance, of which you'll reap the advantage when you 
come to be a practiser. I think you are well advis'd & 
judge rightly to bend your studies for a good accomplish- 


ment in the chancery business. I believe its generally 
allow'd to be the readiest course to riches & honour; 
yet I am told you must be also a good scholar in the com- 
mon law. Besides being a good lawyer, I am fond of 
your being a fine gent m . Delight then in the study of 
humanity, that humility, condescention & affability may 
become perfectly easy & natural to you. 

In my several voyages to London I have many times 
observ'd a gent m starting out of a court with a coach & 
six, fine liveries, &c% & upon enquiry, Who's that ? Why 
'tis such an one who has with great industry acquir'd a 
fine estate & hitherto liv'd obscurely, but now is able to 
make the figure you see. Thus you must content your- 
self with living pretty much a recluse, for the advantage 
of study, and having laid a good foundation great will 
be the advantage to the superstructure, which you will 
be the better able to embelish & adorn from time to time 
'till the best judges shall say the building is compleat. 
Yet I again charge you to intersperse your tasks & 
labours with proper recreations ; walking, riding, bowl- 
ing, and billiards are wholesome exercises. Therefore 
use them for your better health ; and to these I wou'd 
add fencing, which will extend all the parts & members 
of your body, open your breast, & make you more erect 
and give a greater advantage to your growth. I shall 
be pleas'd to hear you have put yourself under a good 
master of this gentlemanly science, and that you en- 
deavour to be a fine dancer. I am glad to hear you so 
much confine yourself (as in your early days) to that best 
of liquors which the God of Nature has so plentifully 
furnisht for the common benefit of all his creatures. I 
will by no means have you think of cutting off your hair 
without my special leave, altho' it shou'd cost you as much 
the yearly dressing as to furnish yourself with good wigs. 
I think nothing a finer ornament to a young gent m than 
a good head of hair well order'd & set 1 forth. You say 


nothing to me of M r De la Faye, Pople, Evans, M r West 
& Deering. Don't forget writing to your Uncle Oliver, 
Doct r Colman & Sewall, th6 I wou'd not have you run 
into a numerous correspondence here, lest it shou'd rob 
you of too much time from your studies & recreations. 
You see I copulate 'em that you may use 'em alternately. 
I inclose you my letter of admonition to J. Foye, on 
whom I am afraid it will have but little effect ; he seems 
to be so much lost to good manners & gratitude. Read 
often what I write. Aliquid hcerebit. I do in all things 
humbly & heartily comitt you to the love & favour of 
God, & remain, my dear child, 

Your very affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 11, 1731. 

Endeavour after an opportunity of delivering the in- 
clos'd to Cap* Coram with your own hand, & treat him 
with good manners & respect. He is my hearty friend. 

Via Bristol $ Philips. Atkins to London. 


My Lord, — About ten days since I reed f M r Rey- 
nolds your obliging favour of 20 Aug st past from Bugden, 
and give your Lordship joy in your son's safe return 
to us ; and your Lordship may rest assured that nothing 
will be wanting in my power for his service & inter- 
est, agreeable whereto I have promist him the Naval 
Office of New Hampshire (worth about £70 a year this 
m°) and will help out his pocket money. I assure you, 
my Lord, I shall with great pleasure advise and assist 
this young gent m as he may apply to me from time to 
time. It is with an uncommon delight & pleasure that 
I observe that serious strain of good religion which runs 

* Richard Reynolds was Bishop of Lincoln from 1723 until his death, Jan. 15, 1743-4. 
— Eds. 


thro' your ingenious letter. Your Lordship, I doubt not, 
has read the history of this country, and is well knowing 
with what principles, in what manner, & with what sort 
of people it was first settled, not with the necessitous 
refuse & gleanings of mankind (as most of the other 
plantations), but with men of religion, good knowledge, 
and substance, and they took care (as well as they cou'd) 
to hand them down to their posterity. Yet to the shame 
of my country I must complain, as God of his covenant 
people of old, I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a 
right seed, how then art thou turn'd into the degenerate 
plant of a strange vine ? New England, my Lord, is be- 
come among the King's provinces a mart of nations. The 
traffique & commerce is great, and I am afraid vice and 
wickedness grow with it. This is too common as coun- 
tries become populous & plentiful!; but what a vile & 
ungratefull return is this, my Lord, to the great author 
of our beings & our most bountifull benefactor. 

I have, my Lord, at one time & another spent about 
six years in Europe, — twice in Hannover before the 
happy Protestant succession took place ; once at Berlin, 
Hambro, in Denmark, in several principalities of Ger- 
many, three times in Holland, and once I made a progress 
thro the kingdom of Great Britain (500 miles in length), 
and I have, my Lord, the satisfaction to think that no 
country (I have seen) maintains a greater awe & sense 
of God & religion than New England does even at this 
day. And as it has pleas' d the King in his royal grace 
& favour to appoint me his vicegerent here, it shall be my 
care (by the help of God) that my example may give life 
and energy to my commands for the support & encour- 
agment of good religion & vertue & for bearing down all 
sorts of vice & impiety. This I am sure will be accept- 
able to God and the King, & a most reasonable service, 
to which I shall subjoyn my constant endeavours for ad- 
vancing his Majesty's honour & interest, as well as that 


of his British dominions and the prosperity of his Prov- 
inces under my government. 

I am now, my Lord, going to plunge myself over head 
& ears in obligation & debt to your Lordship by intro- 
ducing the bearer, my youngest son, to your presence & 
knowledge. This youth, after spending seven years at 
our collegiate school in Cambridge, determin'd to attempt 
the study of the law in order to make it the future busi- 
ness of his life, to which end he is got to the Temple. 
And as he is at a great distance from a father, let me beg 
of your Lordship to suffer him now and then to pay his 
duty & obeisance to you, & to hope for your smiles & coun- 
tenance, as well as for your wholesome & pious advices to 
the advantage of his studies and to such a conduct in 
this life as may make him always ready & willing to 
change it for a better. This I say will be such an honour 
to me & to him, as well as so great a benediction to the 
youth in particular, as will bring us both within the 
Statute of Bankrupcy to your Lordship. I know it is 
no small part of your Lordship's shining character to be 
in the first class of the British civilians. I therefore 
humbly beg your Lordship wou'd drop your thots to my 
son, more particularly as to that part of his study of the 
law. As he went hence with good principles & resolu- 
tions of vertue & diligence, I sometimes hope, if (by the 
grace of God) he holds fast his integrity, he may one day 
or other make some little figure in life ; but I do assure 
your Lordship I am from the bottom of my soul much 
more desirous of his being a good man than a great man. 
God forbid that this short & uncertain life shou'd be his 
or my principal care. We have an immortal part that 
must survive the grave — must, did I say ? whose privi- 
ledge, whose glory & happiness it will be so to do, if 
thrd faith & repentance we can lay claim to the dying 
love of the great Redeemer of mankind. Then, I say, 
at the reunion of soul & body we shall set out in a life 


of a blessed eternity, to be always in the presence of 
God where is fullness of joy, and at whose right hand 
are pleasures forevermore. That thus it may be, I 
humbly beg your Lordship's prayers. And that you 
wou'd let me depend on your candour and goodness to 
pardon the trouble & interruption of this tedious letter, 
while your Lordship will see it proceeds from the fond- 
ness of a father to a distant son. 

May you, my Lord, live long, with a great share of 
health, to be still a bright ornament to the c hh & state, 
and always to stand high in the favour of your prince 
(the best of sovereigns) ; may you reap the honours & 
your country the advantage of your superiour merit, and 
may you in God's time, in an extended, comfortable old 
age, be translated from an earthly see to the general 
assembly & c hh of the First Born & to the spirits of the 
just made perfect. This is & shall be the prayer of, 
my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull & most ob* humble serv*, 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov 18, 1731. 

$ Atkins. Shepherdson. 


Hono ble S R , — In July last I did myself the honour of 
addressing you on the affairs of his Majesty's Provinces 
under my care ; and this I think my duty from time to 
time as anything material occurs. 

I am now to give you my humble & hearty thanks on 
the receipt of the King's royal leave for my accepting the 
support this Assembly have voted me. My brother, M r 
Partridge, and my son write me that you was present at 
Council when this order was past, and your readiness in 

* Sir Robert Walpole was First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer 
from April, 1721, to February, 1742. — Eds. 

1731.] TO HENRY NEWMAN. 57 

the matter is a fresh instance of your goodness, justice & 
honour. It wou'd indeed be a cruel hardship upon me if I 
must be oblig'd to live on the air or on my private fortune, 
while I am asserting the honour of the Crown, which I 
have done & shall constantly do with the greatest fidelity 
& equal to what any gent m cou'd have done with whom 
his Majesty shou'd have intrusted his royal comission for 
these governments. I think the prerogatives of the 
Crown, the interest of Great Britain, and the liberties 
& prosperity of the British plantations very compatible 
and to be pursued as one common interest; to these, 
therefore, I shall always have a tender regard in my 
whole administration. 

I hope your Honour will pardon my presuming by this 
to bring into your presence & knowledge the bearer, my 
son, who spent his last seven years at our little University, 
and is now at the Temple in the study of the law, and as 
he is joint agent with my brother Partridge for my affairs 
in G fc Britain, I hope you will allow him to pay his duty 
to you as any of his Majesty's affairs under my goverm* 
may require it. 

I have the honour to be with the profoundest regard & 
deference, S r , 

Your most devoted, most faithfull & most humble 

servant, J. B. 

Boston, Nov 20, 1731. 

$ Atkins. Shepherdson. 


S E , — I do now with a great deal of pleasure and grati- 
tude own your obliging favours of May 27, June 12, 25, 

* Henry Newman, sometime Librarian of Harvard College, was born in Rehoboth, 
Mass., Nov. 10, 1670, and died in England. The date of his death, however, has not been 
ascertained. He was for a time Agent of New Hampshire in London. See Sibley's 
Harvard Graduates, vol. iii. pp. 389-394; New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. 
passim. — Eds. 



26, & Augs fc 20, & 20 May to my son, with M r Burman's 
fine satyr upon the ignorant & lazy herd of mankind. The 
answer you reed from Coll u Bladen was a much greater 
surprize to me than it cou'd be to you, and (as you 
observe) my fidelity in the service of the Crown certainly 
merited a more gratefull return. As to the bill which I 
sent over & desir'd leave to sign, since the Board of Trade 
cou'd not see into it, I am perfectly easy, tho' I am sure 
the consequence of it wou'd 'a' been to the honour of the 
Crown and the good of the King's people. As to the 
mandamuss it is very extraordinary that any gent m can 
possibly imagine it agreeable to the rules of government 
that an inferiour officer shou'd be set up above his superiour 
in having the liberty of naming his Gov r ' 8 Council. This 
I am sure can tend to nothing but anarchy & confusion, 
and thus I have wrote to Duke of N. Castle & Lords of 
Trade, and therefore still pray you to be diligent & zealous 
in sollicking the mandamuss for Richard Waldron, Benj* 
Gambling, & Ephraim Dennet, Esq r8 , in which my brother 
& son will assist, & so will M r Wilks, who will pay the 
charge of them all. It much concerns my ease & honour 
in that government to have the Council fill'd with my 
own friends. M r Wentworth deserves no respect from 
me, having ever since his arrival behav'd with a great 
deal of insolence & ill manners, without the least reason, 
tho' you know I had a great hand in making his father 
Leiu fc Gov r 14 years ago. I wish it was possible among 
you to get Dunbar remov'd & M r Sherburne to be his suc- 
cessor. I cant be easy in that government while I have 
a Leiu* Gov r that is maliciously watching all opportunities 
to hurt & misrepresent me. This I have also wrote to 
Duke of Newcastle & Lords of Trade. 

I had the honour to be known to M r Oglethorp at London, 
for whom I have a very great honour & esteem, and this 
Province is much oblig'd to him upon what you write, and 
I believe the agent is fully instructed relating to the 

1731.] TO HENRY NEWMAN. 59 

Sugar Colony bill, as he will be respecting the scheme pro- 
jecting to regulate our courts of justice. I ask M r Ogle- 
thorp's pardon if he thinks I was too warm in some of 
my speeches to this Assembly, for which he must make 
allowance {consider atis consider andis). I thank your 
grave advice to patience, & notwithstanding I have so 
many special good & great friends in Great Britain, and 
whom I love & honour, yet I assure you I am of Gov r Dud- 
ley's mind & never desire to leave my native country 
again, but to make myself as easy as possible in the 
government ; and for my security therein I hope my 
friends will at all times exert themselves to the utmost. 
My brother, M r Partridge, my son, & M r Wilks will 
always join with you very heartily for my service, & I 
believe they will tell you I have a good interest in Duke 
of Newcastle, Lord Townshend, Lord Wilmington, Bishop 
of Lincoln, M r Speaker Onslow, & M r H. Walpole. 

I am very thankfull for your care to procure the King's 
bounty for Christ's Church, & observe what my good Lord 
of London wrote you in the matter, which I hope he 
has before this time confirmed to my Lord Chamberlain. # 
Ore tenus, you must not despair, but sollicit diligently till 
you obtain. 

I thank your kind congratulations upon having the 
royal leave for taking my support in the manner the As- 
sembly voted it, which I am told by others, as well as 
yourself, was in a good measure owing to my son's me- 
morial. I wish with you it may be allowed precedential 
& a presage of ease to the Assembly & me for the future ; 
but of this I am doubtfull. 

I was sorry to hear the death of our old friend, M r Cas- 
wall, in so sudden & awfull a manner. I pray God such 
mementos may prepare us for that unchangeable change. 
I am glad M rs Sukee was well married before it happen'd, 
especially since his affairs are in so unhappy a situation. 

* See letter to the Duke of Grafton, post, p. 65. — Eds. 


I find honest M r Bull dyed in Aug 8t with a smart short 
fever. These warnings I say must rouse & awaken us to 
double diligence in an evil world. 

I come now, S r , to the arrival of my son Jonathan, who 
talks loudly to his father of my dear M r Newmans great 
condescention, goodness & affection to him, and that you 
had even allow'd him the honour & pleasure of being under 
your own roof till his Temple chambers cou'd be fitted. 
How good is this in you to be his father, and in such a 
manner to adopt him as a son ; nor was it possible for 
you in any other article to give such an instance of 
your real respect to your good old friend his father. 
He went hence with good principles & resolutions of 
vertue & diligence, which if God gives him grace to hold, 
I hope he may some time or other make a little figure in 
life. Let me still beg the blessing of your smiles & good 
advices to him for his better conduct in his studies, &c a - 
I am well pleas' d with his chambers ; and M r Shirley 
says it will be an advantage for his studies that they are 
3 pair of stairs. I pray God to bless him, and in his time 
render him serviceable to his King & country. 

M r Shirley is got safe to us with his good lady & fam- 
ily, & altho' he comes under the umbrage & favour of 
persons of the highest rank & distinction, yet I assure 
you your recommendations with the reasons, and among 
the rest his great civilities to my son, will make me 
sollicitous of doing him every good & kind office in my 
power, and still the more so in that according to my 
observation his personal merit will justly challenge it. 
I have already strongly recommended him to the Justices 
of our Superiour Court (or the Judges of the Circuit) and 
shall (as they meet) do the same to the Courts in the 
several counties in the Province, and the Judges being 
all of my appointm 1 I hope what I shall say to them will 
have its weight to his advantage. 

I thank you for the prints, and pray the continuance 

1731.] TO MARTIN BLADEN. 61 

as you can spare 'em. I remain with an unfeigned respect 
& esteem, my dear M r Newman, 

Your affectionate friend & most obedient servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 20, 1731. 

$ Atkins. Shepherdson. 


Hono ble Sir, — Since I wrote you 19 Aug st past I have 
reed your favour of the same date T M r Reynolds, the 
Collector of N. Hampshire, to whom (upon your recom- 
mendation) I have given the Naval Office at New Hamp- 
shire, altho' I displac'd a particular friend at the same 
time ; yet I shall always be glad to serve any gent m 
coming to me under the character of your friend. Nor do 
I know I was wanting while I was at Whitehall, or since 
my arrival to these governments to treat Coll 11 Bladen 
with the respect due to his rank. Will you allow me 
then, S r , to expostulate as becomes one gent m with 
another, and say I am sorry that several of my friends 
write me, they admire Coll 11 Bladen treats us very coldly 
when we apply to him on your account, nor does he seem 
to be friendly to you, more especially when Coll 11 Dunbar 
comes in competition. It is a misfortune to me, and I 
believe no service to any of the King's Provinces, that that 
gent m .ever came hither, and whatever you may have 
imagin'd or conceiv'd about him I shall never believe he 
will finally honour your patronage. Since the breach is so 
wide betwixt us I must pray you, S r , to think calmly & 

* Lieut.-Col. Martin Bladen was born in 1680, and died Feb. 15, 1746. At an early age 
he entered the army, and served with distinction in several campaigns. In 1715 he was 
elected to the House of Commons, of which he continued a member until his death. He 
was also from 1716 one of the Commissioners for Trade and Plantations. He was an ardent 
supporter of Sir Robert Walpole ; and Belcher distrusted him on account of his friendship 
for Dunbar. He published a translation of Csesar's Commentaries and some original pro- 
ductions of slender literary merit. See Dictionary of National Biography, vol. v. pp. 154, 
155. — Eds. 


cooly on every thing he writes respecting me, and hear 
what I have to say before you form a judgment. I am 
and always will be an honest man, which I believe is more 
than he can pretend to. How barbarous was his false 
accusation of me about Frederick's Fort while I was pur- 
suing my duty to the King in great conformity to his 
royal instructions. Since it is of no service to him, nor 
to the Province of N. Hampshire, it wou'd be happy for 
me to have some other gent m in his place there ; nor 
can he be any honour to the King's service while he is 
afraid to appear in this Province or that for fear of 
being taken by the officers of justice for debt. This I 
shou'd not mention, but that it's no secret throughout 
these governments. 

I must, S r , in justice to myself let you know how early 
this gent m took up a resolution to quarrel with me, even 
from the first news he had of his Majesty's grace & favour 
to me ; for I am informed he wrote the Duke of New- 
castle, Bishop of London, & some other persons of rank & 
distinction all he cou'd to my prejudice. This, I say, he 
did six months before my arrival, and when he had no 
acquaintance with me. But the spitting of his envy and 
detraction, I thank God, did me no hurt. Truth & in- 
tegrity, justice & honour will always be the same, maugre 
the malice of those who attempt to prop their shatter'd, 
sinking fortunes by bitter invectives against better men 
than themselves. I am sorry to have given you so much 
trouble on this head, & wish this may be the last occasion 
I may have for it. 

I am very thankfull while I tell you I have reed the 
royal leave for accepting what this Assembly voted for 
my support in June last. This is a great instance of the 
goodness, justice, & honour of his Majesty & his ministers, 
not to suffer a faithfull servant to starve while in the 
strictest execution of the King's comands. As I have 
wrote once and again, so I must again say, that I have no 

1731.] TO MARTIN BLADEK. 63 

expectation of this Assembly's supporting me in any other 
manner than they have now done, nor do I suppose the 
instruction will ever take place but by a special act of 

Your kinsman, M r Fairfax, is lately remarried to one of 
the daughters of the land.* I don't remember ever to 
have seen her. I am told she is a young lady of 23 or 
4 years of age, of a reputable family, of good vertue & a 
goodly person. He is really a gent m of good sobriety, & 
well beloved in the country. If his head was not so much 
turn'd to matrimony I shou'd think it might be as well ; 
but I suppose he falls in with that part of the Apostle's 
advice, Better to marry than burn, and that marriage is 
honourable & the bed undefil'd. I wish him well with all 
my heart, and shall always be glad to do him any service 
in my power. We are all mortal, and it's not improper 
for people to be forecasting what they judge may be to 
their advantage. The present Collector for this port is 
one M r Jekyl (nephew to S r Joseph), a most worthy officer 
(I suppose turn'd of 60), and if he shou'd drop before 
M r Fairfax, and M r Fairfax cou'd be translated hither, I 
believe it's the best Collection in North America. This 
I have hinted to Commiss r Fairfax, and perhaps a promise 
of such a thing might be obtained. This I don't at all 
mention in prejudice to the present Collector, who is my 
particular friend, and for whom I have a great value. 

I pray you, S r , to let this introduce my son once more 
to Coll 11 Bladen, and that he may have the pleasure of 
your smiles. I remain, with much esteem & respect, S r , 
Your most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov 23, 1731. 

$ Atkins. Shepherdson. 

* William Fairfax, Collector at Salem, married for his second wife, Deborah Clarke, of 
that place. See Sparks's Writings of Washington, vol. ii. p. 52 note. —Eds. 



Dear Jonathan, — I wrote you at large the 1 & 11 
cur" Y Homans to London & Phillips to Bristol, dupli- 
cates whereof come now T Atkins, to which I have not 
much to add. Webster arriv'd 23 curr" & brought me 
yours of 11 ult°. Cary, Gill, & Watson are daily ex- 
pected. I observe there had been no Board of Trade ; 
that you cou'd not send me copy of Coll 11 Dunbar's 
memorial. But your uncle has sent me the heads of it. 
I am under no great concern about it, but shall make 
answer when I have a copy in form from the Lords of 
Trade. He is an unreasonable, restless creature, & gives 
me a great deal of trouble. I observe you attended at 
opening the seals at my Lord Chancellor's, as you wou'd 
the next week at the commencement of the term at West- 
minster Hall. So far is well, for you to see the way & 
manner of things. But considering your infancy in the 
study, advise with your most capable acquaintance whether 
it mayn't be best for you to be intirely a recluse student 
for the first 2 years, except such a conversation (or club) 
as the Speaker told you he'd bring you into. Thus did 
the great & fine S r Clement Wearg (late Sollicitor General), 
who at once started into the world one of the most accom- 
plisht of the long robe. 

Open all the letters I now send you ; do it carefully ; & 
reseal them handsomely, '& find lucky junctures to deliver 
them with your own hands. M r Fane or Gov r Holden will 
be proper persons to get you a sight of S r Robert, which 
must not be on his levee day. M r Bendish will go with 
you to Lord Chancellor ; M r Sandford, to S r Joseph. Jekyl 
& S r Phillip York ; Gov r Shute or M r Bendish to Lord Bar- 
rington, when he comes up to London. If he don't come 
to London this winter, cover it to him at Becket. M r 
Newman will go with you to Bishop of Lincoln. Converse 
much with M r Newman. He is an upright, religious man. 


Let him see what you think proper of my advices, that he 
may correct 'em. I don't know who'll go with you to S r 
Charles Talbot, # but get a proper introductory as also to 
the rest of the gent m . You see, my dear, I am endeavour- 
ing to give you a fine acquaintance. Imitate S r C. Talbot's 
softness & fineness all you can. I say let M r Belcher be 
admir'd for his real humility, condescention, courteous- 
ness, affability, & great good manners to all the world. 
This will make you the object of love & esteem. But 
pride, superciliousness, affectation & stiffness, the object 
of hatred & contempt. Who knows what may happen 
in the course of your life. Think how Lord Barrington 
came by his estate. Write Coll 11 Byfield & M r Shirley. If 
I address any of my letters wrong do you new direct them. 
When you appear before persons of rank & distinction be 
always handsomely drest (your hair especially). Read my 
letters often, and extract from them what you judge will 
be most to your advantage. God be praised we are- all 
well, and I remain 

Your sincerely affectionate father, J. B. 

Boston, Nov 25, 1731. 

$ Atkins. Shepherdson. 


May it please tour Grace, — I had the great honour 
of addressing your Grace in Dec r last, and (among other 
things) to mention to y r Grace the request of the Minister & 
Vestry of Christ's C hh in this town for his Majesty's bounty 
of plate & furniture to that infant c hh , and for which 
they now presume to make their humble petition to your 
Grace, and I so fully represented to your Grace in my last 

* He was at this time Solicitor-General. — Eds. 

t Charles Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton, was at this time Lord Chamberlain. He was a 
grandson of Charles II. by the Duchess of Cleveland. — Eds. 



the strait circumstances of that c hh that I am afraid to give 
your Grace a new trouble on that head. But as the King's 
Chappel in this town twice reed the royal bounty, I beg 
leave to assure your Grace that your kind regards to this 
c hh in a favourable representation of their poor condition 
to his Majesty, and that they might enjoy the royal smiles 
in this respect wou'd be an instance of your Grace's great 
goodness & favour to the C hh of England in gen 11 in this 
country, & oblige them always to pray for the best of 
blessings to be poured down upon your Grace and every 
branch of your noble family. I am with all the honour 
& respect in the world, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 1, 1731. 

$ Shepherdson. Crocker. 


S R , — Sometime in Decemb r last I wrote to his Grace 
the Lord High Chamberlain in favour of the Minister & 
Vestry of Christ's C hh in this town to pray his Grace's 
kind regards to their obtaining the King's bounty to that 
c hh in the like manner as has been twice extended to the 
King's Chappel in this town, and I now presume to re- 
mind his Grace of this their request. The people of 
this c hh have done great service & honour to the C hh of 
England in gen 11 in this country by exerting themselves 
in building so good & handsome a house, and it will be a 
nreat discourag-ment to those who are well affected to 
the c hh if they do not finally obtain the royal favour in 
this respect. M r Newman who sollicits this matter in 

* The Letter Books of Governor Belcher seldom give the Christian names of the persons 
to whom the letters were written; and in a few instances we have not been able to identify 
the person addressed. There are two letters to Mr. Evans, who was probably Secretary to 
the Lord Chamberlain. — Eds. 


their behalf tells me some difficulty arises lest the doing 
it for this c hh shou'd make it a president for other c hhs in 
this town hereafter. But of this I think there can be no 
great danger, because the two c hhs in this town will be 
sufficient for those that attend divine service in the C hh 
of England for a long time to come. Besides if presidents 
might always have their force you will find on the books a 
sett of plate & other furniture sent in the reign of the late 
Queen Anne for a c hh among the Mohawks (or Five Na- 
tions), and as before mention' d the church here called the 
King's Chappel has twice reed the royal bounty. From 
the little acquaintance I had with M r Evans at Whitehall, 
I now take the freedom to ask your friendship to this 
c hh in facilitating the matter with my Lord Duke that 
they may obtain a favourable answer to this their reason- 
able request. M r Newman will take care to discharge all 
the office fees, and I shall be glad to return your respect 
on this head in such a way & manner as you may please 
to command. S r , 

Your very humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 1, 1731. 

$ Shepherdson. Crocker. 


May it please your Lordships, — Altho' I receive 
the honour of very few from your Lordships, yet in obedi- 
ence to his Majesty's commands I am constantly doing 
my duty in laying before his Majesty's Secry of State and 
before your Lordships what relates to the Provinces under 
my government ; and to this I am the more obliged by 
his Majesty's condescending grace & favour to me, in his 
royal leave for the taking my support in the manner this 
Assembly voted it, and at the same time doing me the 
honour that I believe the world will allow me of strictly 
adhering to the King's royal instructions. This is not 



only an instance of his Majesty's goodness, but of his jus- 
tice & honour. For why shou'd the King's servant, acting 
up with all possible fidelity to his orders, have no support 
but from the consuming his own private fortune ? 

I now cover to your Lordships the Journals of the House 
of Representatives to the end of their last session, and as 
far as they are gone in this, by which your Lordships will 
see I have communicated to them his Majesty's additional 
instruction to me respecting the support of his Grov r , and 
I am sorry to confirm what I have been oblig'd to acquaint 
your Lordships with so often already, that I have no ex- 
pectation of their granting my support in any other man- 
ner than as they have now done ; and with great deference 
& submission to your Lordships, since they seem to be 
come to a full point & stand in the matter, is it exactly 
agreeable to the great honour & dignity of the Crown to be 
urging upon an Assembly what they have so often & so 
publickly deny'd ? Thus much, my Lords, I have thought 
necessary to say in justice & faithfullness to his Majesty. 
I am much concern'd that I have no answer from your 
Lordships respecting the affairs of the Treasury of this 
Province, the want whereof I am afraid will tend to great 
confusion in this government. All the ships expected 
from London this season being arriv'd I can't hope to hear 
any thing from your Lordships on this head 'till March 
next, and your Lordships must be sensible how difficult 
it will be for this government to subsist to that time with- 
out one shilling in the Treasury. 

My Lords, in Sept r last I reed two letters from M r Secry 
Popple of 10 of June, both of one tenour, respecting an 
Address from the Hono ble the House of Commons to his 
Majesty, praying he wou'd give directions to the Lords 
Commissioners for Trade & Plantations to prepare a repre- 
sentation to be laid before the House as to the state of 
his Majesty's Colonies in America, with respect to laws 
made, manufactures set up, & trade carry'd on, which 


may affect the trade, navigation & manufactures of G fc 
Britain ; and that I wou d give your Lordships the best 
& most particular ace" I cou'd in these matters. In obedi- 
ence to this order, my Lords, I have been informing my- 
self as fully as I cou'd, and must begin & say; as to 
the Massachusetts Province, I find no laws in force for 
encouraging the produce or manufactures of the coun- 
try, excepting two, — one to encourage the raising of 
hemp (made the 12 of G. 1), which gives a bounty of 29/ 
for every 112 lbs brought to the market, and 7/ ^ cent more 
in case the quantity of 224 lbs be rais'd by one person at 
one time;* the other (made 1 & 2 G. 2) to encourage the 
raising of flax, and gives a bounty of 8/8 for every 1 1 2 lbs 
brought to the market & 4/8 T cent in case the quantity 
of 224 lbs be rais'd by one person at one time.t Besides the 
above mention'd acts, there are also two resolves for allow- 
ing a bounty of 20/ to all persons (and 10/ more to John 

* Several laws were passed by Massachusetts to encourage the raising of hemp. By an 
act passed Dec. 20, 1715, a bounty was to be paid out of the Treasury of •' nine shillings and 
four pence for every hundred and twelve pounds of water-rotted, well cured, and clean- 
dressed hemp, the growth of this province that is brought to market." This act was to 
continue "in force for the space of ten years, and no longer." (See Mass. Province Laws, 
vol. ii. p. 28.) An act in addition to this act was passed June 21, 1718, directing the 
payment of " the sum of nine shillings and four pence, over and above the prcemium already 
given by said act for every hundred and twelve pounds of good, merchantable, water- 
rotted hemp of the growth of this province, that is brought to market." This act was 
"to continue in force during the continuance of the aforerecited act, which is ten years 
from the commencing thereof, and no longer." (See Mass. Province Laws, vol. ii. p. 102:) 
These acts expired by limitation in December, 1725 ; and in that month a new act was 
passed, authorizing the payment out of the Treasury of "the sum of eighteen shillings 
and eight pence, for every hundred-and-twelve pounds of water-rotted well cured and clean 
dress'd hemp of the growth of this province " ; and it was further provided "that if any 
one person shall bring to the market the quantity of two hundred twent} r -four pounds 
weight of hemp," etc., he should be " allowed four shillings and eight pence per hundred, 
over and above what is before allowed by this act." This law was to continue " in force 
for the space of five years from the publication thereof, and no longer." The law was pub- 
lished Jan. 23, 1725-6. (See Mass. Province Laws, vol. ii. p. 362.) This was the state of 
the law when Governor Belcher landed in Boston in August, 1730; and it was not until 
April 2, 1731, that the law described by him, which increased the bounties, was passed. 
His statements that the law in force when he wrote was made in 12th of George I., and 
that "none of the laws mention'd have been made in either Province since my arrival to 
the governments," are, to say the least, either disingenuous or grossly careless. — Eds. 

f See the law, which was passed June 15, 1728, in Mass. Province Laws, vol. ii. p. 498. 
The statement that tbe bounty was " 8/8 for every 112 lbs " was probably an unintentional 
mistake by Governor Belcher's clerk. The bounty was " eighteen shillings and eight 
pence," the same as the bounty for hemp. — Eds. 



Powell, the first undertaker) for every peice of duck or 
canvas by them made under such qualifications as in the 
said resolve is particularly exprest (which were past the 
12 of G. 1 & 1 of G. 2). There are some other manufac- 
tures carry'd on here, as the making brown holland for 
women's ware, and makes the importation of callicoes 
and some other India goods so much the less. There are 
also small quantities of cloth made of linnen & cotton for 
ordinary shirting & sheeting. About three years ago a 
paper mill was set up, which makes about £200 st r a year 
of that commodity. There are several forges for making 
of barr iron, and some furnaces for cast iron (or hollow 
ware), and one slitting mill, the undertaker of which 
carrys on the manufacture of nails. As to the woolen 
manufacture, there is no law here to encourage it, and the 
country people who us'd formerly to make most of their 
cloathing out of their own wool don't now make a third 
part of what they wear, but are mostly cloath'd with 
British manufactures. 

As to the Province of N. Hampshire, the only laws 
that I find affecting the trade, navigation, or manufac- 
tures of G' Britain are an act (past many years ago) im- 
posing a duty, for the supply of his Majesty's Fort William 
& Mary at the entrance of Piscataqua Kiver with powder, 
on all shipping trading to and from the said Province, 
and not own'd within the same, which duty is one pound 
of good gunpowder (or two shillings) a tun. Another act 
intitled An Act for encouraging Iron Works in the Prov- 
ince, & which prohibits the exportation of iron ore. This 
act was also past many years since, in favour of some 
works set up by the late Leiir* Gov r Wentworth, M r George 
Jeffries (one of his Majesty's Council) & others ; but I think 
those works are at present under discouragment for want 
of a sufficiency of ore & proper workmen. The woolen 
manufacture in the Province is much less than formerly, 
the common lands on which the sheep us'd to feed being 


now divided into particular proprieties. The number of 
them is much reduc'd, and the people almost wholly cloath'd 
with woolen from Great Britain. The manufacturing of 
flax into linnen (some coarser, some finer) daily increases, 
by the great resort of people from Ireland into this Prov- 
ince who are well skill'd in that business. The chief trade 
of the Province continues (as for many years past) in the 
exportation of masts, yards, bowsprits, boards, staves, & 
rafters for England, but principally to Spain & Portugal, 
& some to the Charrible Islands, with lumber & refuse fish, 
and the better sort of fish to Spain, Portugal, Italy, &c a . 
Some sloops & small vessells go in the winter (with English 
& West India goods) to Virginia, Maryland & Carolina, & 
return with corn & flesh. These are the best informa- 
tions I can give in these articles at present, and your 
Lordships will be the best judges how far these things do 
or may affect the trade, navigation, or manufactures of 
G fc Britain, and as I learn anything new worth your Lord- 
ships' notice I shall faithfully transmit it ; and in the 
mean time wou'd observe that none of the laws mention'd 
have been made in either Province since my arrival to the 
governments, and I shall take care not to give my assent 
to any law that may interfere with his Majesty's royal 
instructions. My Lords, 

Your Lordships' most faithfull & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

I now cover to your Lordships what past in the last 
session of the Assembly at N. Hampshire. 

Boston, Dec r 4, 1731. 

$ Shepherdson. Crocker. 


My much hon d Lord, — By one of the last ships from 
London I am honour'd with your Lordship's letter of 16 
Sept r last, which brings me under debt & obligation to 


your Lordship in many respects ; and I am first of all to 
thank your Lordship for the great honour you have done 
my son in allowing him to pay his duty to your Lordship, 
and the favour was greatly inhanc'd by your dropping 
on him the blessings of your pious counsels, and of this, 
my Lord, he gives me a large account, with the pro- 
foundest sense of gratitude. And as he is like to be (for 
some time) abroad your Lordship will pardon the fondness 
of a father while I am a suitor for the continuance of 
your kind regards to this young gent m at such times as 
you shall allow him to pay his duty to your Lordship. 
He went hence with good principles of vertue & dili- 
gence, and I think with the deepest awe & sense of the 
three glorious persons (one only God) in the adorable 
Trinity. I pray God of his infinite mercy in his blessed 
Son, and thro' the sanctification of his Holy Spirit, to 
save him from the lures & temptations of a wicked age, 
and in an especial manner of the place where he is oblig'd 
to compleat his education. For I am from the bottom of 
my soul more concern' d for his being a good man than a 
great man. 

Your Lordship very justly observes M r Price's fault 
with respect to the Fast I wrote to your Lordship I had 
appointed. He is a young man, & I hope may grow wiser 
as he grows older, & when he does his duty & asks my par- 
don he shall find me the gent m & the Christian. I well 
remember, my Lord, when I had the honour to wait on 
your Lordship once and again at Whitehall, you mention'd 
to me something of the same nature of what your Lordship 
now writes, with respect to persons that attend the C hh of 
England being oblig'd to pay to the maintenance of an 
Independent minister, or, as your Lordship is pleas'd to 
put the question, Whether Independency be the Estab- 
lishm 1 of this Country ? I answer I don't apprehend it 
is, but that the C hh of England is as much establisht by 
the laws of this Province as that of the Independents, 


Presbyterians, or Baptists, and shou'd any town or parish 
in the Province elect a clergyman of the C hh of England 
to be their minister, and he be qualify'd as the law directs, 
altho' 9 /2o ths of such parish shou'd be Dissenters, yet by the 
laws of the Province they wou'd be oblig'd to pay to the 
maintenance of such a minister. Your Lordship I am 
sure will readily allow there must be laws & orders for 
the proper & decent support of the worship of God, as 
well as for the well governing the civil polity ; and I 
can see nothing more in the laws respecting the mainte- 
nance of ministers here than what is necessary to oblige 
every parish to support an able orthodox minister, and 
that there shou'd not be ten different sects or perswasions 
in every parish, and thereby the Christian religion be 
brought into an entire neglect & contempt. But for your 
Lordship's better satisfaction in this matter I order'd the 
Sec ry of the Province to make extracts from all the laws 
relating to the maintenance of ministers, which I now 
cover to your Lordship, by which your Lordship will be 
able to form a better judgm* than I can, and wherein I 
may mistake I shall be glad to stand corrected by your 
Lordship, and in the mean time (& always) your Lord- 
ship may rest assured, not only of justice, but of all the 
favour & friendship in my power to the C hh of England,, 
And as an instance of it I am now again humbly to 
thank your Lordship, in behalf of the ministry, wardens, 
& vestry of Christ's C hh in this town, for the good 
offices your Lordship has employ'd for obtaining the 
King's bounty for this c hh . They now again write to my 
Lord Chamberlain and to your Lordship with their most 
humble & gratefull acknowledgments, and pray the con- 
tinuance of your Lordship's kind regards to them, which 
I also do, and that you wou'd please to recollect what I 
wrote your Lordships on this head in Dec r last, and was 
so full as will hardly allow of any addition, unless to 
obviate the difficulty my Lord Chamberlain suggests of 



the matter's being made precedential, of which I appre- 
hend there is no danger from any prospect of another 
c hh being built in this town for a long time to come, be- 
sides there was plate, books, & furniture sent f> the late 
Queen Anne for a c hh intended to be among the Mohawks 
(or Five Nations) ; and with great submission why may 
not this be pleaded, that all other c hhs shou'd have the 
same favour from the Crown ; and in the reign of the 
late glorious K. W. the c hh in this town reed plate & all 
other furniture, and a duplicate of all the last year, that 
methinks it seems hard that this infant c hh shou'd not 
enjoy the royal smile, which I will still hope for from 
your Lordship's benign & powerfull interposition. But 
let the success be now what it will, I promise not to give 
your Lordship (or myself) any further trouble in an affair 
in which I have no other interest than as I think it 
wou'd be a service to the C hh of England (in this country) 
in general, and to this new c hh in particular. I ask a 
thousand pardons for the interruptions of this long letter 
from the vast & important affairs of the C hh & State with 
which your valuable life is so much ingrost, and I say to 
the best services of your King & country, & to your own 
true & lasting honour ; and thus may your precious life, 
my Lord, be extended to an advane'd age, with a great 
share of health, and in God's best time (tho' late) may 
you be translated from the c hh below to that of the First 
Born and of the spirits of just men made perfect. This, 
my Lord, is the hearty prayer of, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull & most obed* servant. 

Boston, Deer 4, 1731. J. B. 

$ Shepherdson. Crocker. 


Dear S r , — Since mine of 20 ult° r Atkins, I have V 
Cary your kind letters of 18 Sept r & 9 Oct r last, with one 

1731.] TO HENRY NEWMAN. 75 

from my Lord of London; and those you inclos'd from 
his Lordship for the several clergymen I deliver'd to the 
Kev d M r Harward to forward. I am glad the affairs of 
New Hampshire are like to take a turn in my favour, 
which my brother writes me. I pray your advice & as- 
sistance to him & M r Wilks at all times in my affairs, & 
don't fail to press constantly for the mandamuss for M r 
Waldron, Gambling, & Dennett to be of his Majesty's 
Council at New Hampshire. M r Wilks & my brother will 
act heartily in the affair with you, and M r Wilks will pay 
the whole charge. 

How great is your goodness & friendship to me in the 
expressions of it to my son. How shall I pay so pleasing 
a debt? Every time you find a folio law book before 
him, give him your blessing, and strongly advise him to 
a recluse studious life for a year or two, & not give 
himself to too much conversation or company 'till he has 
laid a foundation in the law. I think this must be most 
to his future advantage. 

The minister & vestry of Christ's C hh send you their 
humble service & most hearty thanks for your kind & 
diligent solicitations in the affair of the King's bounty, 
and I have put them upon writing to my Lord Chamber- 
lain & the Bishop of London, which you have herewith, 
with mine & one I have wrote to M r Evans (whom I 
knew at Whitehall). All these letters you are to open, 
read, & handsomely reseal & deliver. You have M r 
Harris's order for money to defrey the charge, and I 
wish you success ; & if otherwise I shall not give you 
or myself any further trouble in an affair in which I 
have no other interest than the welfare & prosperity of 
the C hh of England. I am truly, S r , 

Your most faithfull humble servant, J. B. 

If you obtain let all come under my care to be deliver'd. 

Boston, Dec r 4, 1731. 

$ Shepherdson. Crocker. 



Hono d & dear Madam, — I wrote you 22 last m°, & 
altho' I am so busy with the Assembly and the ships now 
going to London that I write no letter by the post but 
this, yet I can't omit covering the inclosed, which came to 
my hands this last week T Cap 4 Gill from your little son 
at London, & I have been very impatient for a letter to 
you, and am glad he has done his duty. We all stand in 
need of your fervent prayers at the Throne of Grace, but 
more especially this poor youth at such a distance in a 
wild, wicked world, expos'd to innumerable temptations. 
I am sure he is wrote upon the table of your heart, & 
you'll never forget him. But I beg you to wrestle with 
God for the constant supplies of his Holy Spirit to him, 
& when you write him, let him know the great danger 
that he is in, that he may be jealous of himself & often 
think of that solemn, wise caution of the Apostle, Let him 
that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. I 
heartily pray for your health, ease, & comfort in your 
advanc'd years, and in God's due time (tho' late) may 
you be called from this world of trouble & changes to the 
glorified spirits above, where shall be no sin or sorrow, 
but you shall drink full draughts of joye & pleasure from 
the river which flows at the right hand of God, forever 
& ever. Amen. Mad m , 

Your very dutifull son. J. B. 

My hearty love to good sister Caswall. 

Boston, Dec 6, 1731. 


My dear Jonathan, — Shepherdson (to whom I de- 
liver this) has duplicates of mine to you of 25 ult° (& of 

* See note, ante, p. 28. — Eds. 


all my others) f> Atkins, and I have now lying before 
me your several dutifull letters of Augs* 30, Sept r 7, 29, 
& Oct r 7 T Gill (M r Lyn), Cary, & Watson. I am well 
pleas' d you take care to hint to me the respect M r Horace 
Walpole did me at Hampton Court. I wrote him 20 ult° 
under your cover. You'll deliver him a pair of the wild 
geese sent f> Homans, and give him my duty afresh the 
next time you see him after rece* of this. I have already 
wrote your uncle of what he mention'd for an allowance 
as my agent, and shall again T the next ships. Tho I 
really think it a little hard [consider atis consider andis), 
yet I won't differ with him. He has charg'd me after the 
rate of £30 a year, which I think too much, but you need 
give yourself no trouble in this matter, unless he urges 
you to know what I write ; for I'll settle it with him soon, 
th& I can't T this ship, I am so prest to make answer to 
so many letters. 

I am glad you have remembred to write your excellent 
grandmother, which goes forward (V the post) this day. 
I am sure she has graven you on the palms of her hands 
& on the table of her heart ; sure then you must never 
forget her. As to your being the first year or two with 
an attorney, I think I am satisfyed, with the reasons you 
offer, to wave it. 

I have read over & over what you write of D r Calamy's* 
great & condescending respect to you, and it is with much 
pleasure that 1 see you so full of the gent m & the Christian 
to struggle to pay part of the debt he has brought upon 
you by such an uncommon respect. Gratitude is an 
adorning vertue, and pray give my most hearty thanks to 
the D r (he owes me for two letters, but that I don't mind), 
and tell him I won't be easy 'till I have paid your debt 
(which is mine) in the manner he desires. I will heartily 
endeavour to give his son some place or other for a sub- 

* Rev. Edmund Calamy, D.D., a distinguished Dissenting minister, born in 1671, died 
in 1732. — Eds. 


sistance ; and because T wou'd not write him a base com- 
pliment I must defer that part 'till I have found some 
way to serve the young gent m . He is at present at Salem. 
I shall send for him, & deliver his father's letter. Read 
the good D r what I write. M r Lyn has din'd with me, 
and I have offer'd him my advice & assistance in any 
thing may fall in my power. As to M r Price I am glad 
the Bishop of London is rightly inform' d. He is such a 
trifling, insignificant spark that I don't intend to give 
myself any further trouble about him. I shall be glad 
to have the mandamuss for the three New Hampshire 
Councellors, — Richard Waldron, Benjamin Gambling, & 
Ephraim Dennet, Esq rs , and I have mentioned them often 
to D. N. Castle & Lords of Trade, your uncle, M r Wilks, 
& Newman ; but it will continue my uneasiness to have 
any of Dunbar's creatures. 

I say again I am content to allow you £220 st r for this 
first year's expence, which is £770 this money, as ex- 
change runs. As I think I have a good son, depend you 
have a fond father ; therefore make yourself easy & com- 
fortable. I am willing to allow you any thing within the 
approbation of your uncle's good judgment & reason. 
Altho it will be my great joy & comfort to hear you are 
solid & diligent at your studies, yet I think 4 in the morn- 
ing too early to rise, tho 10 at night not at all too soon to 
be i' bed, diluado surgere saliiberimum. Yet there may be 
an exceeding. Mind that part of my advice to relax and 
take a proper proportion of recreation. I take the law to 
be a crabbed, knotty study, not to be obtain'd by fits & 
starts, jerks & violence, but by a sedate, steady applica- 
tion, & with length of time ; you must therefore put on 
the armour of patience, and I still think it best that you 
get pretty much into a recluse, monastick life, without 
using yourself much to Westminster Hall or conversation. 
I think this must be the best way for laying a strong, 
solid basis whereon to build a great man. I am content 


that you have taken a servant, which may still give you 
the opportunity of being closer to your studies, and is 
certainly more creditable than doing those things any 
other way. I am much oblig'd to my cousen John Belcher 
(at Paul's yard) for his great civility to you. Pray give 
him my sincerest thanks, and tell him I shall always be 
glad to return it in the way & manner he shall please to 
command. I wonder I don't hear from the ingenious M rs 
West. I am afraid you forgot to deliver her my letter. 
If the Speaker's 2 hh ds of beer can be handsomely come at, 
I shall be glad of it in the spring. f> this conveyance I 
send your uncle a commission jointly appointing him & 
you to be my agents. I have put in your name that you 
may appear whenever he thinks it proper, thS I would 
have him wholly engage in the business, for I am afraid 
of your being too much busyed in politicks or any thing 
else that may be an avocation from your studies, and 
thereby not only lose the great charge I shall be at, but 
miss of being what I desire you shou'd be, a compleat 
lawyer & a fine gent m . Remember what I have said to 
you about matrimony, & entertain no such thoughts till 7 
or 10 years hence (if God spares your life). If you shou'd, 
that wou'd effectually destroy all my schemes about you. 
If you see people cut a figure by dint of money, you must 
endeavour to be able to do it in time by dint of merit. I 
wou'd not have you multiply correspondents here, which 
can be no benefit, but a great interruption to your studies, 
and in the spring let your letters to most people be a 
sort of farewell for the present. Don't forget to write 
honest D r Rand (he loves you much).* Some people have 
flurted as if you spent too much of your time at the N. 
England Coffe House. The Temple Coffe House, Dick's, 
or the Rainbow wou'd be much more to your advan- 
tage. I wou'd n't see the Change or city no oftener 

* Perhaps William Rand, an apothecary, who was admitted to the Old South Church in 
1722. See Historical Catalogue of the Old South Church, p. 31; Wyman's Genealogies of 
Charlestown, p. 784. —Eds. 


than needs must. Sam. Belcher has wrote a silly let- 
ter to your brother about your declining to go with 
him 'a' Lord's day. He 's a loose, idle fellow, not worth 
your notice or acquaintance, yet I wou'd n't affront 

I again charge you always to retain the most awfull & 
rev d regard to the sanctification of the Christian Sabbath 
(or Lord's day). Read Lord Chief Justice Hales often on 
this subject. When once you forget the holiness of the 
Lord's day, you will lose all religion, and then that which 
the gain of the whole world cannot make up. Remember 
how affectionately our blessed Saviour contends & ex- 
postulates, — And what can a man give in exchange for 
his soul ? 

I have talkt with M r Shirley about furnishing you with 
books. He says £200 st r will make you out a good 
library of choice authors, and this, he says, will be best to 
be come into gradually in sums of 15 or 20£ st r a year at 
present, & more hereafter. For he says there are many 
costly books that you need not have till you are near 
ready for the barr. M r Marshall gave you several letters ; 
what if you shou'd thank him in the spring with some 
prints ? I inclose you a letter from Coll 11 By field and 
another from your mother, and M r Rector Williams, with 
one for him to M r Thompson and another to D r Watts. 
The little ingot of silver is in a little box T Shepherdson 
to your uncle, with two little Indian cannoos & a wolver- 
ing skin, of which he may make presents in my name 
where he thinks it may be most acceptable. Your uncle 
T his account makes me £163 st r in his debt, with £40 
paid you, & £19 for 2 / 3 dB of a year's salary. I now send 
him bills for £160 st r . The ore at Bristol may make 
£150, and 9 tuns I shall send f a ship to Bristol, sails 
this month, may remit him £100. So you'll see he'll 
have in a few months about £250 in hand. If I compute 
right your allowance is thus 


Carry'd with you 


Paid f M r Hodson 


Your uncle 


M r Shirley 


Still to receive to carry you to 1 July next, 

which will be a year from your arrival 


is St r £220. 
And I say again I will always take a seasonable care 
that you shall not want money. I commit you to the 
grace & holy keeping of an all powerful & merciful God, 
and remain, my dear child, 

Your very affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 6, 1731. 

After I had finisht the foregoing M r Shirley cover'd his 
letters with one to me, which I send for your better direc- 
tion where to deliver his, in all which he has mention' d 
your name ; and I hope may be of service to you. J. B. 

How do M r Duiner & Alford carry to you ? How did 
M r Winslow manage as to me at Lond n ? Y r classmate 
Mason is a worthy young man. Write him a l ttr in the 
spring with some prints. Call on M r H. Caswall for 23 pr. 
of kidd gloves of y r mother's I deliv rd him when he went 
away to be exchang d , being too big. J. B. 

$ Shepherdson. Crocker. 


Loving Brother, — I deliver this to Shepherdson, who 
brings you duplicates of all my letters T Atkins ; and I am 
now to own your favours of Aug 8t 28, Sept r 7, 10, Oct r 1, 
4, 7, & 9 T Cary & Gill ; and Watson arriv'd yesterday with 
the originals & copies of some of these. I am thankfull 
for all your care and diligence in my affairs. I take 
notice of Jonathan's memorial to the Lords of Trade 
for leave to take the Assembly's money, but 1 hear they 



opposed it to the last (especially Coll 11 Bladen), which 
seems to me unjust & unreasonable. I take in the 
kindest manner your hint about the expensiveness of 
the government, and will retrench as much of it as I 
possibly can. I know of nothing extraordinary, but that 
I keep four horses, and a private gent m keeps but two. 
It wou'd make a great murmuring in the Province if I 
liv'd out of town. 

As to your friends, the Quakers, I believe they never 
had a Gov r so much their friend as the present, for I 
have no opinion of those stingy, narrow notions of Chris- 
tianity which reigned too much in the first beginnings of 
this country, and you'll see by my speech inclosed that I 
am leading the Assembly to the ease of your Friends, and 
I have reason to believe by the influence I have on many 
of the members that a good bill will be past before the 
Court rises, and perhaps you may by the next ships have 
an address from your Friends here in general to the King 
in my favour. I see you had deliver'd all my letters at 
the Publick Offices. I am sensible when there is a com- 
plaint (tho* without foundation) there must be a little 
money promptly apply 'd now & then ; and before I con- 
clude this letter you'll find I have taken care for your 
supply. I now inclose you a commission (jointly with 
my son) to be my agent in all affairs at Court & the 
Publick Offices. As to your bills of £500 on Mess rs Foye 
& Co. in favour of M r Bagnal, I suppose they now send 
your account, on which they say is due but about £70 
this money, which they'll pay M r Bagnal, whom I told 
wou'd be hardly worth while to put you to the charge of 
protesting your bills, and that I wou'd supply him on your 
account with what money he might want. I have paid 
him your bill on me for £200, which at the exch a of 250 
is st r 57. 2. 10, and I have paid him £360 more, for 
which you have his bill in my favour, & indorst by me 
for st r 102. 17. 2 is st r £160, which you'll place to my 


C r , & the produce of the 11 tuns of ore arriv'd in Bris- 
tol may be 150, and the other 9 tuns I shall ship in a 
little time may remit you 100, is £250. I take notice 
you make your account £163. 1. 7 st r . 

I am much pleas'd with your letter to my son after he 
had got into his chambers at the Temple, and that he 
made you such a dutifull answer. For the future I shall 
put up my duplicates by themselves to prevent their being 
deliver'd when you find the originals are got to hand. I 
see I may have a good dependence on M r Sec y Popple's 
friendship, for which you find I thank him by this con- 
vey a . I admire Coll 11 Bladen shou'd be so attacht to Coll 11 
Dunbar. I'm sure he'll never be any honour to him. 
You must by no means suffer him to have an order to 
act at Piscataqua but under my directions, it being what 
all other Leiu fc Gov rs have been restrain'd to. He will 
otherwise bring that government into all confusion & dis- 
traction. But the best thing wou'd be to get quit of him, 
if possible, and so you'll see I have wrote D. of Newcastle, 
Lords Trade, & Coll 11 Bladen. I shou'd think with Jona- 
than's making such a petition to the King or the Duke of 
Newcastle in behalf of his father, and Wilks & you to go 
to S r Robert, Lord Wilmington, &c a , it might be done, & 
Coll 11 Henry Sherburne put in. This wou'd be vastly to 
my ease. I take a particular notice of your kind repre- 
sentation to M r Secry Popple respecting the differences 
arisen between Coll 11 Dunbar & me. His malice & pride 
are such that its not probable there ever will be a true 
reconciliation; but if he shou'd be superseded you may 
depend I will strictly do my duty & support him with all 
my power in his Surveyor's office. It has been impossible 
for any gent m to have been more inclin'd to live well with 
him than I have been ; yet you may depend I will suffer 
no insult upon the King's Gov r . But while I have the 
honour of the King's commission, he shall always know 
I am his master. I never lispt one word in my life to 


hinder Cary or anybody else from carrying his letters, 
and the insinuations he made on that head I take to be 
of a peice with his other vile and false treatment of me 
once & again. 

I shall be very glad to have the mandamuss for Mess 1 " 8 
Waldron, Gambling & Dennett to be of the Council at 
Piscataqua ; but by all means prevent Peirce, Atkinson, & 
Wentworth and the other tools he has nominated for 
Counsellors. To have a sett of his creatures at the Board 
wou'd be a sad plague to me. I thank you for obliging 
our friend Wilks to pay the £9. 16. to Prevereau ; he 
must make a charge of it to the Province, whose just 
due it is to pay. M r Sharp's bill must be paid & charg'd 
to me. If the Lords of Trade think Dunbar's false & 
frivolous complaints worth the trouble of my making 
answer to, I shall expect to have copies before any other 
proceedings are made upon them, and I believe my an- 
swers will set their Lordships down easy. To show you 
what a vile lye Jer. Dunbar * told you, I send 2 certificates, 
one under the hand of Cap* B. Atkinson & another from 
M r John Quane. But I really think there's nothing true 
or false but what the two brothers wou'd readily say. I 
thank your remembrance of the nutts f> Watson, and 
shall expect the chestnutts as soon as you can. I men- 
tion'd the supply of the Treasury of this Province in my 
joint letter to you & Wilks, thinking it might be of some 
service to you hereafter, and I wou'd by all means have 
you very officious to serve the Province. If any body 
must have a present about the matter of the Treasury, 
take care it be not done with my money ; the Province 
must pay it, for that is a thing does not at all belong to 
me. I am glad you have writ to your Friends at New 
York about their agency. I will continue to do you all 
the services I possibly can about it, and I believe it will 
be easier to have you chose now than when a new Gov* 

* Brother of Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar, and scarcely less disliked by Belcher. — Eds. 


arrives. I shall write M r Wilks to assist you all he pos- 
sibly can to get out Dunbar & to get Sherburne in, and 
to get me the N. Hampshire Counsellors, he having or- 
ders to pay all their mandamuss. 

Thus I have answer' d your letters pretty particularly, 
yet I cannot conclude without adding my thanks over & 
over again for your love & respect to your nephew (my 
dear son at the Temple). He must constantly let you 
see my advices to him, that you may alter & add as you 
please about 'em. Nothing can please me so much as his 
keeping close to his studies, and to take necessary inno- 
cent recreations ; for he must take care not to overstudy 
his constitution. Altho' his name be in the commission 
with you as my agent, yet I wou'd not have him ingage 
in my affairs, or anything else, but when you think it of 
absolute necessity. For such things will ruffle his mind 
& unfit it for study ; and the law is a crabbed, knotty 
thing which requires great sedateness & application, that 
he must certainly lead a shut-up life for a year or two to 
lay a good foundation. You see I am willing to be at con- 
siderable expense for his future advantage, he must not 
therefore, disappoint me by any failure on his part. Judge 
Lynde & Judge Dudley tell me they never exceeded £120 
st r in one year while at the Temple, & M r Dudley was a 
Gov 1 ' 8 eldest son. However, I know the world is more 
extravagant now a days, and I am content to allow Jona- 
than for his first year, which will expire 1 July next, st r 
£220. And I think he has it thus, — carry'd with him 
65, paid by M r Hodson 50, yourself 40, Mr Shirley 21, 
176 ; and you must still pay him 44, is £220. And for 
the future I am satisfy'd in an allowance to him of £150 
st r a year. I take Jonathan to have an exceeding in 
generosity of temper, upon which you must put a guard. 
It will be time enough for that when he comes to be able 
to live upon money of his own getting, before which he'll 
never know the true value of money. You must there- 



fore often inculcate upon him the vertue & excellency of 
being a good husband betimes. I don't say this at all to 
discourage him ; but frugality is commendable in all, but 
still more justly admir'd in youth. Upon the whole I 
wou'd not have him want for anything proper, according 
to your reason and judgment. I have so many letters to 
write T this convey a that I am not able to look over the 
particulars of your account, but shall do it so as to write 
you thereon by the next. I remain with the most sincere 
respect, dear S r , 

Your loving brother, J. B. 

Boston, Dec 7, 1731. 

Inclosed is a bill of lading for a small box f> Shepherd- 
son, cont a 2 little Indian cannoos & a wolvering skin to 
be presented in my name where you judge it may be 
most acceptable. The ingot of silver is for Jonathan 
from his mother ; the stockings are to be done with ac- 
cording to the directions in the paper that covers them. 

After I had compleated my letter Mad m Harris brought 
me the papers you have herewith, relating to some money 
she supposes due from the Crown to her deed husband, in 
which if you can serve her & are willing on the terms she 
has proposed, it will be doing good x to the widow & father- 
less, and what will be taken very kindly by, S r , 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

$ Shepherdson. Crocker. 


S R , — Since I wrote 3^011 11 of last month I have your 
obliging letter T Cary of 9 Oct r , and am glad my good 

* Thomas Coram, mariner, farmer, ship-builder, and trader, was born at Lyme Regis 
in 16G8, and was brought up to a seafaring life. At the age of twenty-five he came to 
America. He remained here about ten years, and then returned to England with his 
wife, whom he had married in Boston in 1700. In 1739 he founded in London a hos- 
pital for exposed and deserted children, now well known as the Foundling Hospital. He 
was also instrumental in procuring a bounty on naval stores imported from the Colonies, 

1731.] TO THOMAS CORAM. 87 

M rs Coram found so great a benefit by your carrying her 
into the country, and that you yourself was so well re- 
cover' d from a sharp fitt of sickness. God grant her & 
you a confirm' d health, that you may be yet long happy 
in each other. I am much oblig'd to you for your kind 
congratulation upon the King's leave for taking the 
money granted me in June last by this Assembly ; and 
I very particularly observe all that past at M r Speaker's. 
But I must not give you my opinion. Solomon says 
there is a time for the prudent to keep silence. Your 
letters are of very great service to me on many heads. 
I must therefore enjoyn you as often as you see these 
great folks to be very particular to me. Pray give my 
duty and great respect to M r Speaker when you see him. 
I wish it was in my power to return his friendship in 
any way or manner he cou'd possibly find out in this 
part of the world. D r Harward coming to me under 
his protection will be constantly sure of every favour & 
good office I can possibly do him. I find the South Caro- 
lina affair is at present at a stand. I hope for your own 
& M rs Coram' s sake you'll think no more of that Carolina 
enterprize. I am sorry any complaint is got over against 
my friend Burrington, & hope he will be able to clear 
himself with honour. I see you still think we must not 
depend on a steady peace 'till we and the French have 
took t'other boxing bout, for which you think they are 
preparing their maritime ports. I give you 10,000 
thanks for what you said to M r Speaker about Dunbar. 
I am sure if any man of honour knew him perfectly, it 
wou'd be impossible they shou'd support or encourage 
him. Let that be as it will, I wish I might have another 
Leiu* Gov r at N. Hampshire, & be quit of the plague of 

and devised a plan for the education of Indian girls, besides being active in various other 
philanthropic enterprises. He died in reduced circumstances, in London, March 29, 1751, 
and was buried under the Chapel of the Foundling Hospital. See Dictionary of National 
Biography, vol. xii. pp. 194, 195; also a paper by our associate, Mr. Hamilton A. Hill, on 
*' Thomas Coram in Boston and Taunton," in Proceedings of Amer. Antiq. Soc, New 
/Series, vol. viii. pp. 133-148. — Eds. 


him. Of this I have wrote to M r Wilks & Partridge. 
Lend a hand as you have opportunity. This comes under 
my son's care, who I hope will always have a good ac- 
quaintance with his father's old friend. I remain with 
my kind respects to M™ Coram, S r , 

Your hearty friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 9, 1731. 

$ Shepherdson. Crocker. 


Gent m , — The bearer, M r Shirley, comes to me from 
G l Britain under the umbrage of persons of the highest 
rank & distinction, and is also recommended to me in the 
handsomest manner from several counsellors at law, as 
a gent m knowing & well skill'd in that profession, and in 
which he has been many years a practiser in Westminster 
Hall, & comes to follow the same business here. There- 
fore I take the freedom to recommend him to the favour 
& respect of your Court, which will be taken very kindly 
by, gent m , 

Your assured friend & very humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 14, 1731. 

To the Hono ble Jonathan Remington, Esq r , Sf the rest of the Justices of the 
Pleas, in the County of Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay. 


S R , — About a fortnight since I reed your kind letter of 
22 ult°, with your Election Sermon, which I have read 

* Rev. Samuel Whittlesey was born in Saybrook, Conn., in 1686, and graduated at 
Yale College in 1705. He afterward preached for a short time in Newark, N. J.; and in 
May, 1710, he was ordained over the church at Wallingford, Conn., where he remained 
until his death, April 15, 1752. He was for twenty years one of the Trustees of the College. 
In 17.31 he preached before the Connecticut Assembly the Election Sermon. It was after- 
ward printed under the title, "A Publick Spirit Described & Recommended." See Dexters 
Biographical Sketches of Graduates of Yale College, pp. 40-44. — Eds. 


with great pleasure & satisfaction, observing thr6 the 
whole tenour of it so much good knowledge & learn- 
ing, and such a strain of serious religion. My prayer 
to God is that rulers & ruled may more & more devote 
themselves to seek the publick good, and more especially 
by promoting vertue & true religion. In this way we may 
hope to wrestle down a blessing on the present & future 
generations. I was heartily sorry to hear of the death of 
the worthy & excellent M r Buckingham.* I knew him 40 
odd years ago at Cambridge, and since my being at man's 
years I have always had more or less acquaintance with 
him. Gent m of his learning & piety may properly be call'd 
the salt of the earth. I take notice it has pleas' d the wise 
& sovereign Disposer of all Things to call from among 
you (in the compass of a year) seven ministers. Great has 
been the breach in your hedge, and it calls for a general 
& serious examination, and all the particular members of 
the commonwealth ought to be prostrate before God^ and 
search & see how far they have provok'd him to come 
forth in the heat of his anger against his people, and to 
meet him by repentance, that the angel may put up 
his sword into the scabbard ; and still, S r , the residue of 
the Spirit is with God, and he who holds the seven starrs 
in his right hand & walks in the midst of the seven golden 
candlesticks, he alone is able to repair the breaches in these 
seven churches. Their eyes must then be unto him in the 
exercise of faith & prayer. I heartily wish you a long 
life with a great share of health, and that you may from 
day to day become a still more able minister of the New 
Testament ; and at the appearance of your Lord & Master 
may you have many seals of your ministry that may be 
as glittering gems in your crown of glory, which the Lord, 

* Rev. Thomas Buckingham, minister of the second church in Hartford, Conn., was 
horn about 1669, graduated at Harvard College in 1690, and died Nov. 19, 1731. He was 
one of the most eminent ministers in Connecticut. See Allen's Biographical Dictionary, 
p. 154. — Eds. 



the righteous Judge, will give unto all them that love his 
appearing, and thus I remain, rev d S r , 

Your hearty friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec 20, 1731. 



May it please your Lordship, — Altho' I have not 
done myself the honour of writing your Lordship for 
near twelve months past, yet I now begg leave to assure 
your Lordship that my silence has not proceeded from any 
abatement of that great respect & duty I shall always owe 
to your Lordship for the favour & honour his Majesty has 
done me & my family, in appointing me to the government 
of my native country. But from the constant accounts I 
have had that your Lordship has been for a long time 
solacing yourself in the retirement of Raynham (which 
seat gave name to a new town erected in this Province, 
soon after my arrival), I pray to God that this may find 
your Lordship in a confirm' d health at the Parliament 
house, as well as in the Privy Council, that his Majesty & 
your country may reap the advantages of such a counsellor 
and such a patriot. I can't help repeating that the obliga- 
tions your Lordship has laid me under can never be ob- 
literated, and nothing wou'd be so pleasing to me as an 
opportunity of giving some convincing proofs of the great 
sense I retain of your Lordship's goodness to me. 

I doubt not but your Lordship has seen in the course of 
the publick prints how unwearied & indefatigable I have 
been in labouring with three several Assemblies in this 
Province to bring them to a just & dutifull complyance 
with his Majesty's reasonable instruction to me for fixing 
a salary on the King's Gov r for the time being, and that, 

* Charles, Viscount Townshend, was born in 3676, and died in 1738. He had been 
Secretary of State, but retired from office in June, 1730, in consequence of a quarrel with 
his brother-in-law, Sir Robert Walpole. — Eds. 


after all, I have been oblig'd to make a return to the King's 
ministers that I have no expectation of the Assembly's 
supporting the King's Gov r here in the manner the King 
has requir'd ; but that if ever it be done the Parliament 
of G* Britain must do it. Yet I firmly believe the As- 
sembly of this Province will not receede hereafter from 
the sum of £3000 a year this money ; they have encoun- 
ter'd such difficulties, and been at so vast a charge in 
this long dispute, that I look upon the instruction (in 
the event) to have been a service to the Crown, and yet 
upon the whole I must assure your Lordship that I believe 
this govern* to be of the least profit of any in his Majesty's 
plantations; the Province is so large & populous, the 
trade so extensive, and this town (where the Gov r always 
resides) so expensive to live in any tolerable measure to 
the King's honour, that £3000 a year this money does but 
barely defray the charge, and the perquisites are incon- 
siderable. These things considered, with the great charge 
I have been at ever since my arrival to the government, I 
believe might induce his Majesty to condescend to the giv- 
ing me a special leave for taking the money this Assembly 
voted me in June last. It cou'd not (I presume) be thot 
reasonable or just that I shou'd be vindicating the honour 
of the Crown (in a strict adherence to the King's instruc- 
tion) at the expence of my private fortune. I say to have 
continu'd under such a necessity must have been a great 
discouragment to a faithfull servant to the Crown ; nor 
can I see my having leave for taking my support as the 
Assembly will give it can at all weaken or prevent his 
Majesty's putting in practice such measures for the final 
& effectual inforcing his instructions as in his Royal wis- 
dom he shall judge best. As I am fond of calling your 
Lordship my patron and the author of the favour & honour 
I enjoy under his Majesty, I have thought it my duty to 
give your Lordship this particular account of the situa- 
tion of the affairs of this government, and altho' I have 


already run a great length in this letter, and for which I 
ask 1000 pardons ; yet I must still beg your Lordship's 
patience while I introduce to your Lordship's presence the 
bearer, my youngest son, who after spending his last seven 
years at our little Cambridge University concluded on the 
study of the law in order to the practice for his future em- 
ployment in life, and to that end is now in chambers at 
the Middle Temple. He went hence with good principles 
& resolutions of vertue & diligence, on which I ground 
my hopes of his making a man in time ; and if your 
Lordship will according to your wonted condescention 
& humanity allow him (now & then) to pay his duty & 
obeisance to you, I shall esteem it a great honour done me, 
him, & my whole family, as well as a good basis whereon 
to build his future fortune. And I hope your Lordship's 
great candour will pass by any peculiarities your peircing 
eye will too readily discern in this youth, while you will 
please to consider him but the raw production of the wilds 
of America. I have the honour to be, with the highest 
esteem, duty & gratitude, my very much honour'd Lord, 

Your Lordship's most oblig'd, most devoted & most 
obedient serv u , 

J. B. 

Boston, Dec 30, 1731. 

$ Rawlins or Boutineau. Roe (to Bristol). 


Hono ble S R , — Upon repeated complaints I have had of 
clandestine marriages by licenses obtain'd at N. Hamp- 
shire, I am oblig'd to remind you of being very cautious 
in granting- such licenses, never to give out one blank, 

* Shadraoh Walton was at this time President of the Council in New Hampshire. He 
was born at Newcastle in 1058, and was a man of wealth and influence. He took an active 
part in the Indian wars, and in 1716 was made a Counsellor. He was also a Judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas. He died Oct. 3, 1741. See Wentworth Genealogy, vol i. pp. 186, 
187. — Eds. 


nor for any marriage unless one of the persons be a fix'd 
inhabitant of New Hampshire ; and I must at this time 
more particularly caution you against granting any license 
to M r Peter Guionneau, a lad of about 19 years of age, de- 
signing to marry a daughter of M r Jacob Sheaffe of this 
town, and upon his first publication in the C hh of England 
here his mother (a widow) forbad the banes & has de- 
sir'd me to write you of this affair. I have no opinion of 
marriages by licenses ; yet, if at any time you issue such 
licenses, I expect you conform yourself to the directions 
I now give, or I must otherwise take the matter into my 
more immediate care & inspection. I am, S r > 

Your most humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 31, 1731. 


S R , — This comes by the desire of Mad m Guionneau 
(a widow) the mother of M r Peter Guionneau, a lad of 
about 19 years of age, who is minded to marry the 
daughter of M r Jacob Sheaffe of this town ; but upon their 
first publication the last Sunday at the King's Chappel 
Mad m Guionneau forbad the banes. I do by no means, 
S r , approve of such clandestine marriages against the 
consent of parents. If therefore this young couple shou'd 
apply to you, I expect you desist from the matter, and 
that you at no time give countenance to any such pro- 
ceedings, which I will not suffer in either of the Provinces 
under my government ; and if the directions I now give 
to you shou'd be evaded in any single instance I shall take 
care that no license be issu'd at N. Hampshire but under 
my own hand, & then I am sure they will be very rare. 
But I hope your own inclination will for the future lead 

* Rev. Matthias Plant, a native of England, and a graduate of Jesus College, Cam- 
bridge, was minister of the Episcopalian church at Newbury, Mass. He died in 1753, aged 
52. See Allen's Biographical Dictionary, p. 667. — Eds. 

94 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

you to care & caution, and to discountenance any thing of 
the nature I have now mentioned. I am, S r 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec. 31, 1731. 



S B , — My last was 7 Dec r <f Shepherdson, with duplicate 
f> Crocker, since which I have with all the skill I have 
been master of got a bill past by both Houses (& have 
sign'd it) in favour of your Friends, and some of the chief 
have since din'd with me, & say it is now to content. 
The copy of the law I inclose you.* But I must observe to 
you that the people & clergy of the C hh of England here 
are angry & much offended that I have taken such care of 
the Quakers. This I am not much concern'd about, since 
I think I have done right. I believe your Friends from 
hence will in a little time make a proper acknowledg- 
ment to the King for the kind regards of his Gov r to 
them, and if there shou'd be any occasion I hope M r 
Gurney, Pitt, & other of the heads of your Friends will 
represent me favourably to his Majesty. I heartily wish 
you may get out Dunbar, & Sherburne in his room, that I 
may have the New Hampshire Counsellors I have apply'd 
for, but not one of those Dunbar has nam'd. You was 
greatly cheated in the nutts f> Watson, call'd in the in- 
voice one bushell of walnutts, was no more than a peck 
& half ; the filberds call'd 84 lbs was but 36 lbs . I had them 
carefully measur'd & weigh' d. T Cary, who may sail next 
month, I shall write you particularly, & I hope to satis- 
faction, of the demand you make for your time in serving 
me at t'other end of the town. I send Jonathan T this 
conveyance a duplicate of the commission I sent you f> 
Shepherdson, lest that shou'd miscarry. I desire you to 
find a good opportunity, and ask Wilks to go with you 

* See note, post, p. 123. — Eus. 


(if you think proper) & carry Jonathan to deliver Lord 

Townshend's letter. Let it be sent in, & Jonathan wait 

till he has re'd it & sends for him in. I hope the young 

gent m sticks close to his studies at the Temple. You 

must have a constant fatherly regard towards him. I 

am, S r , 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, Jami* 3, 1731/2. 

$ Rawlins. Roe (to Bristol). 


My dear Son, — I wrote you 6 ult° T Shepherdson, 
with duplicate f> Crocker, and altho' I have little to add, 
yet I can't let a ship pass without telling you (with praise 
to Almighty God) that we are all well. Inclos'd are let- 
ters from your grandmother & aunt, as also one from M r 
Harrison* of N. York to Duke of Chandois. Since you 
went hence I have often letters from this M r Harrison, 
who seems to be an ingenious man, and perhaps your 
delivering the Duke's letters to him with your own hands 
may occasionally be of some service to you. I told you in 
my last of sending a commission to your uncle constitut- 
ing him & you my joint (or seperate) agents. Lest that 
shou'd miscarry (or in case of mortality) I now send you 
another of the same tenour & date ; tho' for the better 
benefit & advantage of your studies, I think it best for 
him to go thro' all my affairs by himself, unless on any 
special occasion he shall think it necessary for you to ap- 
pear with him. I hope he & M r Wilks will take care to 
free me from my N. Hampshire Leiu fc , & to prevent his 
nomination of any persons for Counsellors from taking 
effect. You will herewith receive a letter I have wrote 
my ever honour'd & good Lord Townshend, which after 
you have re'd reseal, and consult with your uncle to find 

* Francis Harrison, one of the Council of New York. — Eds. 

96 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

out by my Lord's gent m when will be the most leisure, 
lucky juncture to find him alone, and against that time 
prepare a letter of your own in the handsomest manner 
you can (not too long as mine is), owning his Lordship's 
great goodness to your father ; for (I speak it with the 
highest sense of gratitude that) he was my best patron. 
When you go, altho' I wou'd not have you too gay, yet 
dress & behave in your best airs to appear before so fine, 
so majestick a personage as my Lord Townshend, and 
endeavour to nick the best opportunity of delivering my 
letter & your own. M r Wilks has the honour to be well 
known to my Lord, and if your uncle thinks proper, ask 
the favour of his going with you. They talk of another 
vessel's sailing in 14 or 20 days, by whom I intend to 
write you again. Your mother, brothers, & sister salute 
you with much love, tho they don't, all of them together, 
exceed that of 

Your truly affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Jan r y 3, 1731/2. 

tf Rawlins. Roe (to Bristol). 


S B , — The post brings me yours of 30 last month, and 
I take a particular notice of its contents. My answer 
whereto is that you clear no vessel that has not duly 
comply'd with the laws of the Province. I observe Cap' 
Rindge & Slayton refus'd to settle the matter of powder 
money with the Treasury, and that Rindge refus'd to 
make oath to the property of the vessel agreeable to the 
Act of 7 & 8 of K. W. 3 d . You have therefore done your 
duty in not allowing a clearance to Slayton, nor must you 

* Anthony Reynolds was a son of the Bishop of Lincoln, and came to America in the 
latter part of 1731, to seek his fortunes. In November of that year he was made Collector 
at Portsmouth, and not long afterward Naval Officer. At one time Governor Belcher 
professed a strong desire to have him made Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire. In 
June, 1732, he went back to England. He did not return to New Hampshire. — Eds. 

1731-2.] TO RICHARD WALDRON. 97 

to any that shall be so hardy as to dispute the authority 
of the King's laws. I am glad the President # has been 
with you in this matter. The rest of the gent m to whom I 
recommended you will at all times assist you with their 
best advices ; and when you come hither I will discourse 
you in what they say about the fees. And to be more 
explicit & particular with you in the matter of the powder 
money, it is my order that you issue no pass to the Fort 
for any ship subjected to powder money, 'till you have a 
certificate from one of the Commiss rs of the Treasury that 
she has been measur'd & paid according to her measure 
(& not according to a false register). Notwithstanding 
the malipertness of these sparks they'll find their ships 
lye till they have done their duty in a just complyance 
with the laws, and that they'll get no advantage by their 
impudence. When your affairs will allow I shall always 
be glad to see you. Being, S r , 

Your assur'd friend. J. B. 

Boston, Janu r y 3, 1731/2. 


S R , — Read the several inclos'd, and deliver them with 
good advice & good spirit. We must all agree to support, 
aid & assist the Collector from time to time. Coll 11 Dunbar 
might 'a' had the manners to V said the Gov r had made 
him Naval Officer, &c a . I hear two of your Teaguish 
party have lately been at Pemaquid, so perhaps you may 
soon see my Leiu*. I wish the Line may be finally well 
settled ; and according to my apprehension it ought to be 
as N. Hampshire judges. Yet I don't think it will be a 
whit the sooner done on what you hear, which with the 
other things you mention, I take to be a pack of lies in- 
vented & wrote by infamous Jerry, — as I suppose that was 

* Shadrach Walton. — Eds. 

98 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

of the £5000. I am glad Coll 11 Sherburne is coming to his 
senses by degrees. Let me have the commissions for the 
Judges of both Courts T return of the post. Husk shou'd 
inform you about the forfeiture of a bond for the non- 
return of a Mediterranean Pass. Punishing their pockets 
will be for their health. Tell the Collector to keep a 
good look out. Pray take care that Penhallow & Green- 
leaf e pay in sufficient against 25 prox , and consider what 
may be necessary to be done before Monsieur comes (if he 
shou'd come). I mean to have as few acts of government 
to do as possible. 

Yours. J. B. 

Boston, Janu'y 10, 1731. 



S R , — I duly reed yours of 24 Dec r , & readily fall in 
with your opinion that April will be the best time for the 
choice of a new Assembly. I suppose the creatures you 
mention are by this time return' d from Pemaquid full of 
Irish apparitions & chimeras. I much despise the young 
man t bound in a new brig" to the West Country. He has 
neither head nor interest to do good or hurt. I am glad 
to hear you are pretty well recover'd. May God continue 
& strengthen your health. My half year's salary falls due 
next month; you must therefore advise with the Secry & 
call on M r Penhallow & Greenleafe to pay in sufficient to 
answer it. Be kind in aiding & advising the Collector. 
Depend on it, no ship shall stir to sea without a punctual 
conformity to the laws of the Province. With my kind 
regards to your good family, I am, Hono ble S r , 

Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Jan'? 10, 1731/2. 


* Col. Henry Sherburne was born Feb. 16, 1674, was made a Councillor in 1728, and 
for several years was Chief Justice of the Province. He died Dec. 29, 1757. He is often 
designated as " Old H." by Governor Belcher, who at one time was desirous of having him 
made Lieutenant-Governor. See Wentworth Genealogy, vol. i. p. 189. — Eds. 

t B. W. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

1731-2.] TO RIP VAN DAM. 99 


S* ? — I have communicated to the General Assembly of 
this Province your Honours letter of the 9 of Oct r last, 
referring to the French fort at Crown Point (of which I 
acknowledg'd the receipt in mine of the 1 Nov r ), and have 
recommended to them a proper care for preventing the 
inconveniences that may ensue to these provinces by the 
French incroachments ; in consequence of which the As- 
sembly have determin'd to instruct their agent in this af- 
fair, and to direct him to join with your agent in London 
in making the necessary applications to his Majesty for his 
interposition herein, and have declar'd themselves willing 
to bear their proportion of the charge you may be at in 
sending a message to the Gov r of Canada, to demand the 
demolishing of the said fort, and withdrawing his forces 
from that place, or to join a Commissioner from this gov- 
ernm* with yours that may be sent upon such a negotia- 
tion. Our Assembly have further thought it advisable to 
ingage the Five Nations in this affair, and have accord- 
ingly desir'd that I wou'd write to your Honour to bring 
the said Five Nations to join in the message. All which 
you will see by the inclosed vote. And I doubt not but 
this government will chearfully act in conjunction with the 
governm* of N. York in any other measures that are rea- 
sonable & necessary for securing his Majesty's dominions 
in these parts against the invasions of the French. And 
as in this and all other matters we shall act the part of 
a good neighbour to your goverm*, so we may be allow'd 
to expect in return thereof the like friendly offices & good 
treatment ; and therefore I must again renew my instances 
to your Honour for the settlement of the partition line 
between the two provinces, as that which will tend to 
prevent any future contentions between us, and I must 
pray you to recommend this matter to your Assembly as 

100 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

soon as may be, and to use your influence for effecting 
the same. I am, S r , 

Your Honour's most obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Janu^ 16, 1731/2. 


May it please your Grace, — Sometime in Dec r last 
I had the honour of addressing your Grace on the affairs 
of this Province, where the Assembly, after sitting nine 
weeks, wou'd come into no measures for supplying the 
Treasury, agreeable to his Majesty's instruction to me, 
altho' I prest it upon them in the strongest manner I 
possibly cou'd, in duty to his Majesty, as well as in con- 
formity to their Charter, which I explain'd in my message 
to the Representatives of 2 d curr", & then prorogu'd the 
Assembly. What past during this session your Grace will 
find in the inclos'd Journals ; and I have order'd the 
Secretary to transmit to your Grace the several laws past 
by the whole Legislature. 

I hope to receive from your Grace by the first ship from 
London his Majesty's more especial & particular direc- 
tions respecting the supply of the Treasury of this Prov- 
ince which I have so often desir'd, and without which this 
government will be lost, and his Majesty's subjects here 
will be left naked & defenceless. 

I am in the next place, my Lord Duke, to lay before 
you the many applications & complaints I have had the 
year past from great numbers of people that claim the 
lands in and about Pemaquid, where Coll 11 Dunbar has 
repair' d an old fort, formerly built by this Province, and 
has been continually disvesting those who insist on having 
a good & just right & title to those lands, and which they 


find included in the Charter of this Province, and in his 
Majesty's commission to me, and they have therefore 
pleaded the protection of the King's Gov r ; and when I 
have told one and another the order I had reed from his 
Majesty of Nov r , 1730, and they have found the opinion 
of his Majesty's Attorney & Sollicitor General so strongly 
in favour of this Province and all private proprietors, 
they did at last apply themselves to the whole Legislature. 
And his Majesty's Council and the House of Representa- 
tives have humbly addrest the King, that this Province 
may enjoy what the Crown has vested it with by the 
Royal Charter, and be allow'd to protect the King's 
subjects here in their just rights & properties. 

M r Dunbar's violent proceedings with the people in 
threatning to tye 'em to trees & whip 'em, to shoot 'em, 
and to burn their houses, &c a , has made several of 'em 
tell me they thought they liv'd in an English govern- 
ment, and were not to be dragoon'd like French slaves, 
as I have once and again represented to your Grace. I 
can't believe that gent ms insulting behaviour will ever be 
of any service to the Crown in this part of the world ; 
but am fully pers waded (after his many provocations) 
the people will not receede from any part of their right, 
but by being treated as Englishmen, — I mean by a due 
course of law, that shall either confirm or disallow their 
claims. Thus much I have thought it my duty to say for 
his Majesty's honour & service, and I hope his Majesty 
in his royal wisdom will order that gent m from off those 
lands, or I much fear there will ensue great mischiefs & 
inconveniences as the year advances, if he goes on in his 
insolent & arbitrary managment. The claimers of the 
lands there have lately said to me that they will part 
with their lives as soon as they will part with their lands 
which their ancestors purchast with their money and 
their blood, and have honestly descended them down to 
their posterity. 

102 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

I am with the profoundest respect & deference, may it 
please your Grace, 

Your Grace's most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Feb*? 23, 1731/2. 
$ More. Astell. 

Wrote the same to Lords of Trade. 


S E , — Cap fc Sanders brought me yours of Dec r 24, Janu a 
5 & 17. When the season allows I shall be glad to have 
those small things I wrote for, especially some curious 
furrs. You must be very carefull in getting the best 
of stone, and in burning it thorrowly ; as it's for my 
own use I expect you will supply me with lime that is 
choice good. 

I observe you have had several of the chief Indians 
with you lately, and that Caesar Moxus is dead. Greet 
the Indians very kindly in my name, and assure them of 
the continuance of the good will & friendship of this gov- 
ernment, and you must prevent as much as possible their 
being abus'd with rum. If the truckmaster exceeds his 
orders you must complain to him, and tell him you must 
do so also to the government that he may answer for him- 
self. I wish the Indians cou'd be wholly restrain'd from 
rum. I believe it wou'd tend more to the health & 

* Capt. John Giles — or Gyles, as he spelled the name — was a noted captain in the Indian 
wars. He was one of the sons of Thomas Gyles, who was killed by the Indians in August, 
1689. The son was taken captive by the Indians, but was bought by the French, and finally 
released in June, 1698. After his return to Massachusetts, he held several important com- 
missions from the government, and in 1725 he was commissioned for the garrison on St. 
George's River. '*I have had the Honour," he wrote, 4 'to serve this Province under eight 
Commanders in Chief, Governours and Lieut. Governours, from the Year 1698, to the Year 
1736. And how much longer my Service ma}' continue — I submit to the Governour of the 
World, who over-rules every Circumstance of Life which relates to our Happiness & Use- 
fulness, as in infinite Wisdom He sees meet." See Gyles's Memoirs of Odd Adventures and 
Signal Deliverances. — Eds. 


welfare of all mankind if they never drank any sort of 

This I intend you by the hands of M r Joseph Seccomb, 
who comes as a missionary (from the Society in Scotland 
for propagating Christian Knowledge) in order to Chris- 
tianize the Indians in your parts. I therefore desire you 
to receive him into your fort, and treat him kindly & 
respectfully ; and as M r Pierpoint is come hither, not in- 
tending to return to you again, M r Seccomb may for the 
present preach in the garrison, and you must perswade as 
many Indians as you can to come and hear him, and you 
must interpret to them, and assist him what you can to 
gain the language. He must also pray and read the 
Scriptures to the garrison morning and evening, and so 
supply M r Pierpoint' s place. I am, S r , 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, Feb'? 25, 1731/2. 

$ Sanders (or M r Seccomb). 


My Loed Duke, — I did myself the honour of writing 
your Grace the 23 of last month on the affairs of this 
Province, and to which I have nothing more to add than 
to acquaint your Grace that ColP W m Tailer, late Leiu* 
Gov r of this Province, dy'd after a short illness the first of 
this month, and as it must undoubtedly most of all tend 
to his Majesty's honour & service, as well as to the peace 
of his governm* here, that the Leiu* Gov r might be a per- 
son agreeable to the King's Gov r , and it being a favour 
commonly allow'd the King's Gov r to name their Leiu* 
Gov rs , I wou'd humbly propose to your Grace Maj r Paul 
Mascarene to be Leiu* Gov r of his Majesty's Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay (in the room of the deed Coll 11 
Tailer). He has been 26 years in the service of the 

104 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

Crown, is now a cap 4 of foot in Coll 11 Philips's regiment 
at Nova Scotia, is a worthy, ingenious gent m very capable 
of it. There is no allowance here to a Leiu* Gov r , either 
from the Crown or the people ; nor does the whole per- 
quisite of the place amount to fifty guineas a year, that 
unless this gent m may be allow'd to hold his company in 
Coll 11 Philips's regiment, or to sell, he wou'd by no means 
think of being Leiu fc Gov r of this Province, and of this he 
has wrote at large to his agent who will wait on your 
Grace, and I shall esteem it an additional favour to your 
Grace's great goodness to me that you wou'd obtain his 
Majesty's coihission for him. I remain, with all possible 
duty & regard, may it please your Grace, 

Your Grace's most faithfull, most obedient, & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, March 6, 1731/2. 

$ Cary. Mackrel. 


Brother Partridge, — Altho' I wrote you but a few 
days agoe T Moor, yet the sudden death of Leiu* Gov r 
Tailer obliges me to trouble you again by this conveyance, 
to desire you to join with M r Wilks in getting Maj r Paul 
Mascarene to succeed him at Leiu* Gov r of this Province. 
He came over with me 23 years agoe in the Dragon man- 
of-war, and has been here almost ever since in the service 
of the Crown, to his own credit and to the advantage of 
the publick service. From my early knowledge & long 
observation of him I set him down for a gent m of great 
vertue, probity, & honour. M r Wilks does his business at 
London, to whom he has wrote at large in this affair, and 
I have under M r Wilks' s cover recommended him to the 
King's ministers as a gent m every way suitable to have a 
commission for the Leiutenancy of this Province. I know 
I shall be very easy with him, and therefore desire all the 

1731-2.] TO JONATHAN BELCHER, JR. 105 

assistance in your power that he may have the commis- 
sion. But if it cannot be had on the terms Maj r Mas- 
carene has wrote M r Wilks (& which he will tell you), 
then you must together, & so must Jonathan, pray the 
favour of Duke of Newcastle, &c a , that it may not be 
fill'd up 'till you hear again from me ; for it will be a sad 
thing to be plagu'd with a Leiu* Gov r here as well as at 
N. Hampshire. If Jon a can do any service in the matter 
let him attend you; in which I wish you all success, and 

am, S r , 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, March 6, 1731/2. 
$ Cary. Mackrel. 


My dear Son, — I wrote you a few lines 23 ult°, # to 
which I have little to add, saving the melancholly ace" of 
the death of Leiu fc Gov r Tailer, on the first of this month. 
He had been confin'd about 3 weeks by a stubborn cold, 
yet was not apprehended dangerous, nor did he himself 
think so 'till the day he dy'd, which shou'd make us all 
seriously remember that awfull command of our Saviour, 
Be you also ready. By this conveyance I propose Maj r 
Mascarene to the King's ministers to succeed as Leiu* Gov r 

* The letter is a very short one, and is not of sufficient interest to print. In it Governor 
Belcher writes: " We have had a smart winter, and no intelligence for a long time from 
Europe. . . . Inclosed is a letter I reed some time since of the Rev d M> Williams of Weston, 
and I send the two Rehearsals for the sake of the Sweeper's Will &c a , wrote (they say) by 
your classmate Seccomb, & perhaps may bear reading in a London Coffe House." Rev. 
John Seccomb was a native of Medford, Mass., where he was born April 25, 1708. He 
graduated at Harvard College in 1728, and after studying divinity was ordained over a 
church in Harvard, Mass. Subsequently he was settled over a church in Chester, Nova Sco- 
tia, where he died Oct. 27, 1792. (See 2 Proceedings of Mass. Hist. Soc. vol. iv. p. 70, note.) 
The lines here referred to were first printed in the " Weekly Rehearsal," Boston, Jan. 3, 
1732, and were afterward reprinted in England. In the "Rehearsal" of Feb. 7 is an 
epistle from the Sweeper at New Haven to his deceased Cambridge brother's widow, 
which it has been suggested was also written by Mr. Seccomb, — a supposition which is 
perhaps confirmed by Governor Belcher's letter. Both effusions were privately reprinted 
in 1854 by the late John Langdon Sibley, under the title of " Father Abbey's Will; to which 
is added a Letter of Courtship to his Virtuous and Amiable Widow." — Eds. 


106 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

of this Province. He is a gent m of great vertue & good 
sense, with whom I am perswaded I can be perfectly easy, 
and he is every way equal to the station. M r Wilks is his 
friend, and will prosecute the affair, without any charge 
to me, being for Maj r Mascarene's interest. I have wrote 
your uncle & M r Wilks to assist what they can, and so 
must you ; and I hope there will be no great difficulty in 
obtaining the commission, nor wou'd I have it fail, for 
you must remember it abates of my authority & honour in 
the government when I cannot have those to be officers 
under me whom I recommend ; and if Maj r Mascarene 
shou'd not get the commission on the terms he desires, I 
hope you will among you be able to prevail with D. of 
Newcastle to keep it open 'till I can write again, or to send 
me a commission with a blank for me to put in a name, 
which is often practis'd in such cases. And it is a place 
of so little consequence or value that I shou'd think the 
matter might be obtain'd by your making a handsome 
memorial to the Duke ; but I shou'd be first of all pleas'd 
that Maj r Mascarene may have success. If not, a blank 
commission to be sent me wou'd be a particular honour. 
We are, God be prais'd, all well, and the whole family 
make up one great stock of love, and send to their dear 
son & brother, by the hands of 

Your fond father. J. B. 

Boston, March 6, 1731/2. 
$ Cary. Mackrel. 


S R , — In mine of yesterday I mention'd one to the 
Bishop of London, which upon an after-thought I did not 
write. But if there be occasion you may let his Lordship 
know Maj r Mascarene is of the communion of the C hh of 
England & constantly attends there, which may procure 


his Lordship's countenance & favour to him. I under- 
stand (since I wrote you) that several write by this ship 
for the Leiu* Gov rs post. I have therefore order'd Cap* 
Cary to express my packet to you from the first port 
he may make (tho' at the Land's End) that Maj r Mas- 
carene may be the man if it can possibly be obtain' d. 

I am, S r , 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, March 6, 1731/2. 

# Cary. 


Hono ble S R , — I embrace this first opportunity T M r 
Blin of owning your kind favour of 16 Nov r last, which 
came to my hands the 13 of the following month by the 
brother of the bearer. Maj r Mascarene gave me the first 
account of your illness, for which I was very sorry, as I 
now am at the great misfortune of the loss of your eye, 
while I rejoyce in your recovery (otherwise) to good 
health. May God Almighty long continue it to your 
own ease, and for your better advantage in the service 
of our common royal master, to contribute whereto 
nothing shall be wanting in my power, nor to promote 
the best neighbourhood between the King's provinces, 
where we have the honour to command. The Infante 
Duke being arriv'd in Italy and there receiv'd with all 
possible satisfaction, magnificence, & honour, I am prone 
to think there is no hazzard of a rupture at present be- 
tween his British Majesty and the French King, which 
consideration, I hope, will keep your French & Indian 
neighbours quiet ; but if any thing shou'd happen other- 
wise, I shall be very ready to do every thing on my part 
for his Majesty's honour and for the peace & safety of 
your government. The King has graciously condescended 

* Laurence Armstrong was Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia from May, 1725, 
until his death, by his own hand, in December, 1739. — Eds. 

108 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

to my taking the money this Assembly voted me the last 
year, but how it will be for the future is uncertain. I 
wish this people was sensible of their great happiness 
under so wise, so good, & so kind a sovereign. I wish 
you a great share of prosperity in the whole course of 
your life, & am, S r , 

Your Honour's most obedient, humble servant. 

Boston, March 13, 1731/2. J. B. 

tf M r W m Blin. 


Hono ble S E , — I have sign'd and now return both the 
proclamations you sent me, and have put forward your 
Assembly to 4 of May. I am sorry to observe so many 
doubts & fears about a new choice, which I have all along 
said we must not attempt but upon a reasonable prospect 
of doing better ; and upon duty weighing what you now 
write I am at present inclin'd to see this Assembly once 
more. I don't believe it will be hard to gain over Peirce, 
Clarkson, Wiggin, & Walton, and it mayn't be amiss for 
you and some other of our friends to fall in with 'em in 
an affable way, as you have opportunity. Talk what I 
say with Sherburne & Gambling. I believe it best to 
think nothing more of a dissolution at present, and in 
all affairs be as secret as possible. I much admire the 
Italian proverb, Secrecy is the soul of business. I wish 
Penhallow wou'd let the Treasurer have his £55. There 
wou'd then remain but £87 to compleat my warrant, for 
which I wou'd take Greenleaf's note with some other 
good man join'd with him, to pay in a month or two, and 
give up the warrant, which I had much rather do than 
let it lye as it does. Try what you can do with Pen- 
hallow. I am, S r , 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, March 20, 1731/2. 

1731-2.] TO PATRICK GORDON. 109 


Hono bus S R , — I had not delay' d an answer to your 
kind favour of 19 ult° (which I reed in its course), but that 
I was willing to give your Honour the best acc tt; I cou'd of 
the proceedings of this gover* in the affair of the poor 
unfortunate people arriv'd at Martha's Vineyard from 
the Palatinate. Upon the first application made to me 
I was fill'd with indignation against Lahb,t the barbarous 
villain who treated them with a cruelty and inhumanity 
hardly to be matcht by the most abandon'd pirate. I 
recommended the matter to the Gen 11 Assembly (then 
sitting) who voted the surviving remnant of 'em a charity 
of £200, and directed M r Shirley (one of our councellors 
at law) to prosecute Lahb, which he has done in the 
Court of Admiralty, and inclos'd is the Judge's decree 
thereon ; and upon receipt of your letter I communicated 
it to his Majesty's Council, who referr'd it (with a new 
complaint) to the Superiour Justices of this Province, 
who have directed him to appear (by the inclos'd order) 
at their next Court. I am afraid this wicked monster 
will escape a halter, which I shou'd think too easy a pun- 
ishment for so many murders as he seems to me justly 
chargeable with. Since I have mention'd M r Shirley to 
your Honour, you will find by what he & his lady have 
desir'd me to cover that he is here trying his fortune in 
the law. He tells me he had the honour of your ac- 

* Patrick Gordon was born in 1664, and served in the British army for many years 
with much distinction. In 1726 he was appointed Governor of Pennsylvania, and came 
over to America. He remained in office, and in the enjoyment of a rare popularity, until 
his death, Aug. 5, 1736. — Eds. 

f Capt. Jacob Lobb was the commander of a vessel bound from Rotterdam to Phila- 
delphia, having on board as passengers more than one hundred Palatines. The vessel 
had a long voyage, and was finally obliged to put into Martha's Vineyard ; and in March, 
1732, complaint was made to the Governor and Council that the unfortunate passen- 
gers had been subjected to "cruel and inhuman treatment" " in their passage from 
Holland, by reason of which the greatest part of their company died at sea," and that the 
captain's "barbarous usage of the survivors after their arrival at Martha's Vineyard" 
had occasioned the death of others. See Proceedings of Mass. Hist. Soc, vol. iv. pp. 
354-356.— Eds. 

110 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1731-2. 

quaintance in Sussex ; he seems to me an ingenious 
gent m , and I hope will do well among us, to which I 
shall always be ready to contribute every thing in my 
power. I am greatly oblig'd to Gov r Gordon for the 
honour you do me & my son in so kind a remembrance, 
which I shall let him know by the first ship to London, 
whither he went in May last to pass some time at the 
Temple in the study of the law. I most respectfully 
salute you, with your good lady & fine family, & re- 
main, S r , 

Your Honour's most obedient, humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, March 20, 1731/2. 


My much hon d & dear Mother, — M r Titcomb 
brought me your good & kind letter of 7 ins*, with my 
boy Juba, and an account of his cloathing, being 16/ 
more than I sent, which is inclos'd. I give you many 
thanks for your care of him, and for which I will pay 
you to your content. We keep Juba to work, & he is 
very orderly. I have letters from Jonathan by four 
several ships from London, full of duty to his hon d grand- 
mother & aunt, to whom he intends to write very quickly. 
I am full of thoughts about him, because I know he is in 
the midst of dangerous snares. It is then our duty con- 
stantly & fervently to besiege the throne of grace on his 
behalf. I say you must wrestle hard with God, the 
Father, Son, & Holy Ghost, that this child of ours may 
have supplies of grace proportionable to the day & place 
where he lives. Then shall he be an instrument of glory 
to God and good to His people in his generation. 

I observe with a great deal of pleasure your zeal for 
God & his holy religion. I hope we have not many 
among us arriv'd at that pitch of wickedness you men- 

1732.] TO THOMAS CORAM. Ill 

tion, tho' I am afraid we have too much reason to com- 
plain of this poor country, as God of his covenant people 
of old, — I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right 
seed ; how then art thou turn'd into the degenerate plant 
of a strange vine ? Our forefathers were a sett of ex- 
cellent persons, but we seem (in this generation) to have 
lost our first love. The great care then must be for every 
particular person to examine himself, & to be humble 
before God, and to endeavour by faith & repentance to 
become acceptable in the eyes of a jealous, holy God, who 
will then return & look down from heaven & behold & 
visit this vine and the vinyard which his right hand 
hath planted. The whole family join their duty & love 
(to yourself & sister Caswell) to that of Mad m 

Your most obedient son. J. B. 

Bostox, April 24, 1732. 

God giving me life & health, I intend to be at Newbury 
Wednesday, 3 of next month. Tell Coll 11 Kent I intend 
to dine with him about 2 o'clock. 



S B , — Cap* Crocker has brought me yours of 25 Feb r 
past. I am sorry to have given you (or myself) so much 
trouble about a worthless, insignificant creature. I wish 
what I wrote as to those poor women may not be pro- 
phetical. But I think it too much to slurr any more 
paper about the man. 

I have a letter from the father of the young M r Smith 
who is here, to whom (for your sake) I shou'd be glad to 
do any favour or service.* But by a late talk with the 
young man I begin to fear whether he'll meet with any 
reasonable success about his late uncle's estate. His 
widow (the admin*) having deliver'd herself & affairs 

* John Smith had come over from London to obtain a part of the estate of his uncle 
Nicholas Moorey. — Eds. 


into the hands of a country attorney (in the County of 
Bristol) they say, a pretty crafty fellow, and I doubt 
Smith wants money to support his pretensions, which 
seem to me just & reasonable ; yet you know there's 
nothing to be done in the law without money. 

I observe you have some thoughts of going over with 
the settlers design'd for the new colony of Georgia in 
S° Carolina ; if you shou'd, I depend you'll take care to 
be upon a very good footing. I wish they pitch with a 
tolerable advantage for their health. The southermost 
colonies of North America have been graves to the people 
of England. If you go thither you give me hopes of 
visiting your friends here, who will be glad to see you, 
but none more than myself. 

By the preparations in France & Spain I am prone to 
think (with you) that we are not yet got into a firm & 
lasting peace. I wish I may be mistaken. 

If you cou'd assist M r Wilks & my brother Partridge to 
quit me of the plague of Dunbar, it wou'd be a great 
instance of your friendship & service to me. I am sur- 

priz'd at what you write about L d w & the Speaker. 

This world is full of changes, and perhaps things may 
take another turn against the next session. 

I give you my most hearty thanks for your respect & 
good opinion of my son at the Temple, and wish he had 
been so happy as to have fallen into the dinner you men- 
tion, that he might have made his compliments to M r 
Oglethorp, who was very civil to me once or twice in 
the House of Commons. Pray give him my most hum- 
ble service when you see him. Your kind regards at all 
times to my son will oblige me in the highest manner. 
Give my hearty love & service to Mad m Coram, and be- 
lieve me, S r , 

Your ready friend and servant. J. B. 

Boston, April 24, 1732. 

tf Shepherdson. 

1732.] TO SAMUEL SHUTE. 113 


S* ? — I had the pleasure of writing you 4 Dec r last, 
and committed it to the care of my son, who tells me 
M r Popple is uncommonly kind to him, as well as ready, 
upon all occasions, to do me any services, for which I give 
you ten thousand thanks, and wish you wou'd put it in 
my power to obey your commands in this part of the 

I find I must still be plagu'd with Coll 11 Dunbar. I 
heartily wish I was quit of him, altho' the King provided 
for him beyond his deserts, and which I think might 
be easily done. 

At my leaving Whitehall you was so good as to order 
me some paper, pens, & wax from the stationer that sup- 
ply'd your office, which I have faithfully expended in his 
Majesty's service, and shou'd esteem it a very kind addi- 
tion to your former favour that you wou'd order to my 
son a rheam or two of gilt paper; a rheam or two of 
what I think you call your representation paper ; 2 or 
3 lbs of wax ; & half a thousand pens. And you'll please 
to pardon this freedom in a poor Gov r who lives but from 
hand to mouth, and is always with a great deal of re- 
spect, S r , 

Your assured friend & very humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, April 24, 1732. 

I shou'd esteem an answer to my several letters at 
your leisure. 

tf Winslow. Scutt. 


S R , — I have now lying before me your obliging lett rs 
of 12 Oct r & 18 Feb r last, and thank your care of mine 

* Alured Popple was Secretary of the Board of Trade. — Eds. 


to L d Barrington, which he has own'd the receipt of by 
these spring ships. I was heartily glad to hear you reed 
so much benefit, and that your health is so well estab- 
lisht. M r Boydell & his wife are very easy under their 
present circumstances. I suppose what he enjoys under 
me makes him 4 to £500 a year, and his grocery shop 
(doubtless) maintains the family. He is a very honest 
man, & I am glad in his welfare. You very well know, 
S r , how few the places, & of what trifling value they are 
in this government. Whenever there may be an oppor- 
tunity Coll 11 Hatch is sensible of my inclination to serve 
him, and have told him if he can make his interest to be 
chose Excise Officer he shan't want my countenance and 
assistance to get into it ; I look upon it (with the common 
perquisites) one of the best places in the Province. He 
is a gentlemanly, mannerly man, and I shall be glad to 
do him any good. 

The King's leave for taking my support being only 
pro ilia vice, I am still loaded with the same difficulty as 
before. What further condescention his Majesty may 
make hereafter, or what turn the future Assembly may 
take, I can't say, but am apprehensive of meeting with 
a vast deal of trouble ; for I think every Assembly 
improves in obstinacy. I give you my most hearty 
thanks for the part you have acted in conversation 
as you had opportunity. I have a severe cruel time 
of it, to be so depending for my daily bread, and to 
be continually making application at Court with great 
expence & trouble to gain the favour of receiving my 
just due, while at same time I am acting with the greatest 
fidelity to the orders & service of the Crown. If things 
must continue in this situation a Gov rs life is worse than 
a porter's. I have done all in my power to support the 
royal authority and to have the King's orders obey'd, 
and what remains is with his Majesty to do according to 
his royal wisdom ; and with great deference & submission 

1732.] TO FRANCIS WILKS. 115 

I think it derogatory to his Majesty's honour & dignity 
to urge the Assembly any more to what they have so 
often deny'd & refus'd, it being rather to weaken the 
King's authority than help it. 

I am not perfectly satisfy'd that the peace of Europe 
is on a firm & lasting basis, or why do France & Spain 
make such armaments ? God grant I may be mistaken. 

Long before this gets to you you will have heard of 
the death of honest Coll 11 Tailer. He was an upright, 
sincere gent m , of great generosity & good nature ; he liv'd 
belov'd and dy'd lamented. D r Colman & a great many 
more of your very good friends salute you with a great 
deal of respect & service. The notice you are pleas' d to 
take of my son is obliging in the highest manner, and 
he speaks of it to me with the greatest gratitude. I 
wish he may steadily pursue his studies & the paths of 
virtue, & thereby establish himself in your good opinion. 
He tells me he likes his chambers the better because the 
same story has produc'd a Lord Chancellor of. Gr { Britain. 
I am pleas'd with the boy's laudable pride, and have told 
him, the eagle soars at the sun. 

Wishing you all the blessings of this, & a much better 
life, I remain, Honob le S r , 

Your hearty friend & most obedient serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, April 24, 1732. 
tf Shepherdson. 


Dear S b , — Having already answer'd your last favours 
from London you'll forgive the trouble of this while I 
steal a moment from my pressing affairs & detain you 
from yours to mingle my hearty sorrows with my friend 
in the death of his fine, lovely M rs Wilks. Pardon me, I 
say, that I dare not omit an address of this nature tho' 


it may drench you in new tears. My son writes me thus, 
— " While living she had, I think, S r , the just esteem of 
her acquaintance for many great & valuable vertues & 
accomplishments." Altho' this shou'd allay your grief, 
perhaps it may raise it, and make you apt to imagine 
the stroak of Divine Providence on you the more se- 
vere. But let me just point to you the benefits you 
may reap from the view of this melancholly scene. What 
said the great Eastern prince of old on a much sharper 
dispensation? The Lord gave & the Lord hath taken 
away, blessed be the name of the Lord. And how did 
the holy high priest behave when God in blazing wrath 
from heaven burnt up his two consecrated sons Nadab 
& Abihu ? Aaron held his peace. God's will is gov- 
ern'd by consummate & infinite wisdom, and the execu- 
tion of it will always terminate in peace & mercy to his 
creatures, if they act up to their rational & religious 
natures. What says the Psalmist in profound reverence 
of God's judgm ts ? I was dumb, I open'd not my mouth 
because Thou didst it. And how must it abate & assuage 
the grief of a good Christian while he revolves in his mind 
those words of the royal preacher, Whom the Lord loveth 
he correcteth as a father the son in whom he delighteth. 
The lesson then of this heavy affliction is to instruct you in 
the vanity of all sublunary satisfactions. From the Evan- 
gelical Prophet we learn, that all flesh is grass & all the 
goodliness thereof as the flower of the field. The grass 
withereth, the flower fadeth, because the spirit of the Lord 
bloweth upon it. Surely the people is grass, & he repeats 
it, — The grass withereth, the flower fadeth, but the word 
of our God shall stand forever. The great King of Israel 
incircled with the dazling splendour of crowns & scepters, 
nations & armies kneeling at his footstool, with a holy 
grandeur (& } 7 et with a lowliness) of soul, cries out, Every 
man at his best estate is altogether vanity. Man walketh 
in a vain shew. They are disquieted in vain. He heapeth 


up riches & knoweth not who shall gather them. And 
again, When thou with rebukes dost correct man for 
iniquity, Thou makest his beauty to consume away like 
a moth. Surely every man is vanity. On such a melan- 
cholly providence we must lye at the foot of God, and hum- 
bly say, 'Shew me wherefore Thou contendest with me. 
We must search & trye our ways & give glory to God by 
confessing with holy Job, I have sinned ; what shall I do 
unto Thee, thou preserver of men ? But the great advan- 
tage we may gain by such close instances of mortality is 
to grow into obedience to that awfull command of our 
Saviour, Be you also ready. I say a personal reformation 
of our lives by a stricter conformity to the glorious rules 
of the gosple of our Lord Jesus Christ will be the happiest 
fruit we can possibly yeild to God & ourselves, which, of 
his infinite grace in Christ Jesus, may God grant thro' 
the sanctification of his Holy Spirit. Amen, amen. 

J. B. 

Boston, April 26, 1732. 
$ Shepherdson. 


My Lord Duke, — In obedience to his Majesty, I have 
been constantly transmitting to your Grace the most par- 
ticular acc tfc of every thing that has past in the provinces 
under my care. And by the last ships from London I 
have reed 

His Majesty's Additional Instruction, dated at St. 
James's 10 Dec r last, forbidding any future duty 
on negroes & fellons. 
His Majesty's Order in Council of 23 of same month, 
respecting the supply of the Treasury of this Prov- 
ince, &c a . 
And that of 27 Janu a , in confirmation of the laws past 
in this Assembly to April last. 


As these things shall be communicated to the Assembly 
at their next session, so they shall be strictly observ'd 
on my part. 

I shou'd, may it please your Grace, esteem it a great 
honour to receive a letter from your Grace in answer to 
the many I am constantly writing on the affairs of this 
government, whenever your Grace may be at leisure and 
think it necessary for his Majesty's service. 

I humbly pray your Grace to let me hope for the King's 
commission to Maj r Paul Mascarene as Leiu* Gov r of this 
Province, agreeable to what I wrote your Grace the 6 of 
last month. 

Let me also beg of your Grace some speedy direction 
respecting the lands at Pemaquid, which his Majesty's 
Attorney & Sollicitor General have so clearly compre- 
hended in the Charter of this Province, & to which so 
many private persons make claim ; for unless some orders 
speedily arrive, I fear the unhappy consequences among 
the King's subjects there, since the people who aver them- 
selves to be the true & proper owners of those lands are 
still constantly coming to me with complaints, and say 
they can by no means submit to be ousted of their prop- 
erties contrary to Magna Charta and the laws which all 
Englishmen have a right to. In fidelity to his Majesty & 
the people he has put under my governm 6 , I am oblig'd to 
say thus much to your Grace. 

The Secretary of the Board of Trade has transmitted 
me a copy of a complaint made against me 10 of July 
last by 15 persons at New Hampshire. It is really, my 
Lord Duke, so trifling that I believe the Lords of Trade 
barely thought it worth an answer. If every 15 disaf- 
fected persons in a province may give his Majesty, his 
ministers, & his Gov r the trouble of such complaints a 
Gov r may be wholly employ'd in exposing the groundless 
humours of such unreasonable persons. The address sent 
to his Majesty the last year, sign'd by 100 persons in my 


favour I hope may sufficiently balance this foolish affair. 
I have also, may it please your Grace, from my brother 
M r Partridge, and from my son at the Temple, copy of a 
representation the Lords of Trade made to his Majesty the 
4 of Nov r last, upon some letters of complaint they had 
reed from Coll 11 Dunbar, his Majesty's Leiu* Gov r of N. 
Hampshire. Upon this, I must humbly desire of your 
Grace to observe ; I think it but a peice of common jus- 
tice that whatever is at any time exhibited against me 
ought to be in form of a complaint (and not by letters that 
are not produe'd), with copy whereof I shou'd be serv'd to 
make answer, and not to be judg'd & condemn'd without 
any opportunity to make my defence. This, my Lord 
Duke, is hard & cruel upon an Englishman & a King's 
Gov r , especially since upon my son's application to the 
Lords of Trade for copy of ColF Dunbar's complaint, he 
was told they shou'd make no use of the complaints to his 
father's prejudice, & refus'd him copies. I must, with 
deference to their Lordships, say to your Grace, that I 
am not in this matter treated according to the rules of 
justice & honour. Their Lordsliips have also recofhended 
to his Majesty M r Went worth, Atkinson, & Peirce to be 
of the King's Council in that Province, from Coll 11 Dun- 
bar's letters to them, altho' my friends have once & again 
told them how opposite these persons are to the Gov r . 
And I believe it's the first instance of a Leiu* Gov r ' 8 
having the favour of nominating the King's Council 
preferably & in opposition to his Gov r ; but Atkinson, I 
understand, is since struck out of the list. Let me humbly 
beseech your Grace that the consideration of all I have 
here mention'd respecting the Province of N. Hampshire 
may be postpon'd & no orders made upon them 'till I 
have the honour of writing your Grace again, upon my 
return from N. Hampshire, whither I am going the next 
week, and I doubt not to be able to satisfy your Grace 
that it can be no ways consistent with the honour of the 


King's government, nor with the peace of his people in 
that province, to make the least enlargment of Coll 11 
Dunbar's power, or to suffer the people he has been sollicit- 
ing for to be of the Council. But above all things I wish 
I was rid of him ; and as it's no benefit to him, and serves 
to no other purpose but the keeping up feuds & conten- 
tions in that government, let me once more ask it of 
your Grace as an uncommon favour & obligation. I re- 
main with the highest duty, respect, & deference, my 
Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most faithfull, most devoted & most hum- 
ble servant, J. B. 

Boston, April 26, 1732. 
tf Winslow. Scutt. 


S B , — Since mine of 27 March V Mackrell I have reed 
your several letters of Feb r 2, 4, 5, 12, 16, 17, & 21 ¥» 
Homans, Shepherdson, & Curling. I observe you had 
(with Jonathan) deliver'd as many of my letters as you 
had had opportunity to do, and wou'd do so with the rest 
as soon as you cou'd be admitted where they are directed. 
For this I thank you, and am glad some of them are of 
service. I desire always to know from whom Jonathan 
receives most respect that I may gratefully return it. I 
take a particular notice of every paragraph in your letters, 
and shall not fail of making a proper improvement of the 
Bishop of Lincoln's friendship and interest at Court, to 
whom I shall write in a little time, and to L d Westmor- 
land. I will leave no stone unturn'd here to get rid of 
Dunbar, and I hope you will not there. I shall also write 
to Bishop of London, tho' I have no answer to my last 
long letter which you deliver'd him. 

I find Coll 11 B n is my enemy, yet he always writes 

me fair & plausible. It must be on Dunbar's acc u & for 


no other reason, and no doubt he influences the Board of 
Trade to my prejudice ; we must therefore constantly 
apply to their superiours that I may be always treated 
with justice & reason. The report they have made to in- 
large Dunbar's power is highly unreasonable & unjust, and 
wou'd be such a power as no Leiu* Gov r before him ever 
had. It wou'd be indeed in a manner to supersede my 

I wrote the D. N. Castle, Lords of Trade, & you so 
largely on this head the last fall, and sent you Coll 11 Wal- 
ton's affidavits that I hardly know what to add, & you'll 
see what I now write to D. N. Castle & Sec ry Popple that I 
hope upon the whole with good council to argue the matter. 
You'll find sufficient to stop any order from the King for 
giving him more power. But as I am going to N. Hamp- 
shire in a few days, I shall furnish myself there with what 
more I possibly can to strengthen you, and upon my return 
write you at large on all the affairs of that province. 
In the mean time you must beg it as a great favour of 
L d Wilmington, N. Castle, Westmorland, M r Horace Wal- 
pole, &c a , that the consideration of New Hampshire mat- 
ters may be all postpon'd till you hear from the Gov r 
after his return from thence. I shall have a full talk 
with M r Reynolds, & see if he inclines to be Leiu* Gov r of 
N. Hampshire, and if so you may depend I will do all I can 
to promote it, and in the mean time trye to serve him with 
some place in N. Hampshire, tho' I assure you there is 
no place in the government worth £30 st r a year. I have 
already made him Naval Officer. Pray, how came he to 
be struck out of the list of Counceilors ? I fancy it was 
by Dunbar's means. I wish he had been kept in. 

I take notice of Gov r Cosby's respect to my son, and 
approve the present you made him, in which you must 
observe you have also serv'd yourself, agreeable to what 
I wrote you some time since, that you must have his 
favour in order to be agent for New York, 



I shall also write to Duke of Devonshire, Earl of Halli- 
fax, Pelham, & Brudenel (to be deliver'd IP Jonathan) at 
my return. 

I am glad the geese were acceptable to the Duke ; the 
other things you will present where you think proper. 
Your letter which you call 17 Sept r I believe was one I 
reed T Savage, dated the 9, which was full of the com- 
plaints of Dunbar, &c a . So I believe you need not be un- 
easy but send me a copy, and then I can more certainly 
say whether I have any such letter. 

The Widow Harris is very thankfull that you'll endeav r 
to serve her ; it will be good in you to do so, for her & 
her children. 

I see the Sugar Bill is like to be thrown out. I am at 
some doubt whether it wou'd be any real damage to N. 
England if it shou'd pass. At same time I don't see the 
shadow of a reason for such an Act, or why one planta- 
tion shou'd be opprest (if th[e]y think so) in favour of 

I take notice you have plac'd to my Cr. £160 st r for 
what I supply' d M r Bagnal T your order ; before your 
vessel arriv'd for the hops I offer' d him £1000 on your 
acc tfc , and he took what he pleas'd, and had it not been for 
my money he cou'd not have got her loading, or dispatcht 
her, and I believe he has been so just as to write you so. 
I have spoke to Mess" Foye & C° about M r How & Fleet- 
ham, and you may depend they'll soon have their acc tts & 
returns as fast as they can press in the money. They tell 
me your own acc tfc is wholly ballanc'd except the loaf 
sugar remaining unsold, and some, they tell me, now sell 
the best at less than you allow yours to go. But as I am 
intirely out of trade & have so much trouble with the pub- 
lick affairs, write them as plainly as you please, but pray 
excuse me. I have done my duty, & if they won't do 
theirs they must be content to suffer. 

I kindly thank you for the vines f Homans, but the 


chesnutts were all rotten, being put up too tite & close, 
and so were the walnutts you sent in the fall. 

I am glad your Friends are pleas'd with the law I got 
past in their favour ; but as you say to me, I assure you 
'twas uphill work, done with much difficulty & opposition.* 
When the people of the Church apply to me as your 
Friends did, I will do all in my power consistent with 
reason & justice for their service ; for I hate every thing 
that carrys the least tincture of persecution or imposition 
on men's consciences. Pray give my most humble ser- 
vice to the Bishop of London, and let him know I shou'd 
esteem the honour of his answer to my last, and to pursue 
such methods in further ease of the people of the C hh of 
England as may be proper. 

Your letters to Deputy Gov r Wanton & M r Whipple 
have been duly forwarded. Give my service to M r Pigot, 
to whom I can't write till I come back from Piscat a . 

I take a particular notice of your ace" of 2 Feb r ; the 
29. 8. with whatever interest you ought to charge on 
Waldron & Gambling's mandamuss will be paid you by 
M r Wilks, according to the orders he has reed from M r 
Pemberton & Waldo. He has also orders from M r Pem- 
berton to pay for Dennett's mandamus whenever you 
can get it. I thank you for recommending all proper 
frugality to Jonathan. M r Clark, who was at college 
with him, and is now at London, accomplishing himself 
in phisic & chirurgery, his mother tells me, does not 
spend in all articles more than <£100 st r a year, and to 
the 2 of Feb r when Jonathan had been arriv'd but 7 
months, his expence was then £242. 4. 6 st r , — a vast 
difference. You must tell him he must learn the value 
of money that he may know how to spend it. I am very 
thankfull he continues sober & is diligent at his studies. 
His fencing & dancing, I believe, will be much for his 

* The reference is to " An Act further to exempt Persons commonly called Quakers, 
within this Province, from heing taxed for and towards the Support of Ministers," which 
was passed Dec. 24, 1731. See the act in Mass. Prov. Laws, vol. ii. pp. 619, 620, and the 
learned editor's note in same, pp. 635, 636. — Eds. 


health. This year, he tells me, has been peculiarly ex- 
pensive, in his passage, furnishing his chambers, &c a . 
But he says he shall comprize this next year's expence in 
£150, and so for the future; with which I am content, 
and he must consider that is at least £525 a year this 
m°& a great allowance for one child, when many good 
& pretty large families in this town don't make that 
annual expence. I don't mention these things at all to 
discourage him, for I am willing to do every thing for 
his advantage that can be desir'd of a reasonable & a fond 
father. What you mention about a wife I am not against 
in time convenient. He will not be 22 years old 'till 23 
of July next, and from Feb r last must still be 4 years be- 
fore he can be at the barr ; that at present I think it best 
for him not to entertain any such thoughts, which I am 
sure wou'd be a vast damage to him in the course of his 
studies. I have already wrote him, if God spares his life, 
gives him capacity, & he adds diligence thereto till he be- 
comes a finisht lawyer, and above all if God gives him 
grace that he be also a vertuous, religious gent m ; I say, I 
have told him he need not fear finding a wife to his own 
wishes. Brother, consider all I write of him, & read it to 
him & give me your thoughts, and tell me freely if what 
I say be not consonant to the rules of right reason. I am 
afraid he is too much my darling ; yet I wou'd be tender 
of him in all respects. 

I believe M r Hart will finally find a better price for the 
ore than his letter mentions. A ship is daily expected 
from Bristol, by whom I hope to hear from him, and 
that the last parcel of ore may be arriv'd, and make up 
in all 20 tuns, the proceeds whereof will be remitted you, 
and will, I hope, more than pa}^ what I owe you, and 
I am taking the needfull care to remit you some more 
money in a little time, & you must not let Jonathan want 
what may be necessary. I am always, S% 

Your loving brother. J. B, 

Boston, April 27, 1732. 

# Winslow. Scutt. 



Dear Jonathan, — f> Bonner (say hands of Cap fc 
Fones), Homans, Curling, & Crocker I have reed yours 
of 3, (two of) 5, 16, & 19 Feb r past. It's strange I have 
no letter from S r Rob* Clark. His lands at Oxford will 
be mangled, and sold in bitts to pay his proportion of 
charge in that town. But it's no more my business, 
since I have wrote him once & again, and he takes no 

I see D. Newcastle had the geese with which he and his 
Dutchess were well pleas'd. The several letters I wrote 
in your favour you had & wou'd deliver as soon as you 
cou'd, and found great civility from them ; nourish it 
everywhere, especially with L d Chancellor, M r Sollicitor, 
Marsh, and all of the long robe. I have & will bring 
you into the best acquaintance I can, and you must cul- 
tivate it. The Bishop of Lincoln is a kind father to 
you, for which return his Lordship my most hearty 
thanks, and assure him I will do M r Reynolds every 
favour & good office in my power. I say I will study 
to do him good. But more of this upon my return from 
N. Hampshire, whither I am going in a few days. 

I observe you have had the advice of M r Sollicitor, 
&c a , in setting out in your studies, which must be a vast 
service to you. The building can never be good if the 
foundation be not strong & regular. I have desir'd your 
uncle to read you what I have "wrote him in answer to 
the paragraph of your letter respecting matrimony, which 
saves a repetition here. Think often of the late Judge 
Hale, and stare upon L d King 'till your eyes set your 
soul on fire. 

I think your uncle will sometime in June receive an 
Address to the King from the whole body of Quakers in 
this Province in my favour. 

A letter from the Duke approving my conduct in the 


affair of Pemaquid wou'd be a great favour & service. 
Your uncle & you must follow De la Faye * till you 
get it. 

I write your uncle fully about the N. Hampshire Coun- 
sellors & all affairs of that Province, which he'll commu- 
nicate to you. Your petition to put aside Atkinson was 
a good and dutifull thing, as was your prosecution of the 
libel in the Evening Post. No doubt, vile Jerry t was the 

author. I find Coll 11 Dunbar is a minion of B n's | 

who is resolv'd to support him right or wrong : we must 
therefore for the future make our strong & constant ap- 
plication to P. N. Castle, and the rest of the King's min- 
isters, and see if we can't have justice, whither the Board 
of Trade will or no. I joye in your laudable pride of 
your chambers, that they formerly lodg'd a Chancellor 
of G t Britain. Always remember Acquila non capiat 

I particularly observe what happen'd with M r Wilks on 
your first arrival : am glad the matter is now over, and 
every thing easy. I am also fully satisfy'd with all you 
write about M r Speaker. I know he is intimate with 

B n, and perhaps the matter of the Malmsey took 

the turn it has from his insinuations. 

I think it best to make up your first acc u to the first 
night of your lodging in the Temple, and at that day to 
render it annually. I shall like it well that you obtain 
a degree in one of the Universities at such time as you 
propose (if ever it happen), for it will be an honour to 
you. If you can be patient, I shall, that you stay out 
your full time at your studies at the Temple before you 
open your lips at the barr in Westminster Hall, tho' it 
will be a greater charge to me than if you was got into 
a way of getting your own expence ; yet if it gives you 
the opportunity of laying a sound, strong foundation for 

* Charles De la Faye was Under-Secretary of State. — Eds. 
f Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar's brother. — Eds. 
t Col. Martin Bladen of the Board of Trade. —Eds. 


your best future good my great aim will be answer'd. 
As to water or wine you are at years, and I submit the 
use of either to your own conduct, and as you find most 
for your health. 

The present Prince of Wales wore his hair 'till he was 
25 years old, M r Spencer Cooper, brother to the late L d 
Chancellor, wore his at the barr, after 40 years of age ; 
and I don't think a wigg will ever become you so well as 
your own hair, yet a while hence I shall submit that to 
your's & your uncle's discretion. 

My service to M r Evans, M r Deering & West. Why 
han't I a letter from the last? find an opportunity, if 
possible, to deliver my two begging letters inclos'd to 
M r De la Faye & Popple, and get what you can.* My 
stock is just out. As many letters as you can get to me 
from D. N. Castle & other great folks will always be of 

Tho' you must now & then write to your brothers & 
some others, yet confine your correspondence as much as 
possible or you'll hurt your studies. M r Newman is a 
gent m of vertue & religion ; his acquaintance is valuable 
& always to be sought after. The gent m you mention, 
who takes little or no regard to you, does you a great 
favour; he is not worth your notice. Intrinsick, pure 
falsness & perfidy are his peculiar talents. 

I shall answer D r Calamy's letter so soon as I have fixt 
his son in a place I am now giving him. 

As the law is a crabbed study, you must be the more 
steady & resolute, labor omnia vincit. Yet I charge you 
to be tender & carefull of your health. Eelax in your 
chamber with the base viol & flute, and abroad with 
walking, riding, billiards, bowling, fencing, & dancing. 
Activity is the glory even of a prince. I don't suppose 
vegetation has taken its leave of your body. I am grown 
8 or 10 inches in height since I was 22 years old. 

* Governor Belcher had asked for a supply of paper, pens, and sealing-wax. — Eds. 


I have no letter from M r John Belcher, of Paul's Yard. 
At Tom's Coffe House you have polite company, but at 
the New England ordinary. Sam. Belcher is a foolish 
fellow, not worth your further notice. Your notion in 
collecting a library quadrates exactly with M r Shirley. 
Find M r H. C. & give him the inclos'd note. Make your 
compliments to the Lord President of the Sessions in 
Scotland,* & accept the honour they offer you, and do all 
the service you can to that Society whereof I am a Corn- 
miss 1 & Corresponding Member here.f Endeavour after 
a good city acquaintance against you come to be a prac- 
tiser. When you have opportunity be thoughtfull to 
serve Yale College by begging of some gent m a present of 
books. I wish you cou'd with convenience have a larger 
acquaintance with the ingenious D r Watts. I thank M r 
Paxton for assisting you about the scandalous libel, & I 
shall write him in a little time. 

I have a letter by these ships from Duke of Chan- 
dos, to whom I shall soon write & mention your name, 
and take care M r Harrison does the like. Your uncle 
will keep the comission I sent him, and you'll keep yours. 
I heartily wish your uncle & M r Wilks may succeed to get 
out Dunbar, that I may be quit of the plague of him. 
I see you was preparing a letter to go with mine to my 
very much hon d &, good L d Townshend at Raynham. 
Since the Bishop of Lincoln is so good a lawyer, & has 
so good a library, it may not be amiss to pay your duty 
to him for 10 or 14 days at Bugden. I shall write a 
great many great folks in a little time in your favour. 

Mad m Willard tells me her son (M r Clark), who is at 
London, accomplishing himself in physick & chirurgery, 
comprehends a year's expence of all articles within £100 
st r , and I find to 2 Feb r (but 7 months from your arrival) 
you had spent £242. 4. 6 st r (a vast difference). You must 

* Sir Hew Dalrymple. — Eds. 

f The Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge. — Eds. 


learn to be a good husband of money, and to know the 
value of it, or you'll never learn how to get or how to 
spend it. Frugality & good husbandry will be as much 
to your service & honour as any other accomplishment 
in life. You say, £150 st r for the future will defrey 
your annual expence in all articles, with which I am 
content. Thus you have my thoughts as they naturally 
press upon me, for your advantage. But above all things 
I charge you upon my blessing to maintain a constant 
intercourse with Heaven, & to be upright in your walk 
before God, to whose grace & mercy I always commend 
you, & remain, my dear child, 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, April 28, 1732. 

Give your uncle the note ab* the gloves, & desire him 
to send 'em. 

$ Winslow. Scutt. 


My much Hono d Lord, — By the last ships from Lon- 
don my poor boy talks so loudly to his fond father of the 
Bishop of Lincoln's condescending goodness to him, that 
I am confounded, and want words to express the gratefull 
sentiments of my soul towards your Lordship. Nothing 
cou'd have laid me under so strict & strong an obligation 
as your Lordship's favour & countenance to this youth. 
And to show your Lordship the sense my son has of the 
duty he owes you I venture to inclose your Lordship his 
letter to me from Bugden, which came to my hands yes- 
terday, with the great honour of your Lordship's of 7 of 
March from same place. I wish my son cou'd in any 
tolerable degree lay claim to your Lordship's generosity 
& candour in the character you are pleas'd to give him. 
I tell him it must at least stimulate his ambition, and 
take what your Lordship speaks so kindly as a letter of 



instruction of what he shou'd be, rather than what he is. 
For notwithstanding your Lordship is so good as to in- 
dulge him with your kind opinion, yet I am sensible he 
must appear to so polite a judge as your Lordship with 
some peculiarities which a bright European is always 
free from. But these your L d ship will forgive while you 
consider him as one of the raw productions of the wilds 
of America. 

Your good & worthy son, M r Reynolds, I do assure 
your Lordship (without compliment or flattery), acquires 
the character (with all that have the pleasure of his ac- 
quaintance) of a gent m of good manners, good sense, good 
vertue, and great probity & honour. He is diligent & 
capable of any publick business, modest to a fault, nor do 
I know of any other he is to be tax'd with. Happy, my 
Lord, wou'd the world be if we cou'd say so of any pro- 
portionable part of mankind. I think it's the ingenious, 
great S r W m Temple sayes, He is the wisest man that 
commits the fewest follies, and the happiest man who 
meets with the fewest misfortunes ; so that the wisdom 
and happiness of this world is but a negative busi- 
ness. But prudence is one of the greatest attainments, 
and I really think M r Reynolds has a great share of it. 
I am resolv'd, my Lord, to make it my great care to serve 
your son in every thing that shall fall in my power. I 
am going to my other government of N. Hampshire in a 
few days, where I intend to have a close & full conversa- 
tion with M r Reynolds, and I hope it will not be long 
before I shall find out something to his further ease and 
advantage, and upon my return from thence I shall do 
myself the honour of writing your Lordship again. 

I have the honour to be known to my Lord Westmor- 
land, having often seen him at the Privy Council, Board 

of Trade, and waited upon him once and again at . 

Duke of Devonshire, Earl of Hallifax, & M r Brudenel I 
am a stranger to, yet I intend to put on a full masque 


and write those great persons in favour of M r Reynolds 
& my own son some time the next month. Your Lord- 
ship mentions some addition to M r Reynolds in my own 
gift, or to put the Lords Commiss rs into a method of serv- 
ing him, or the Commiss rs of the Customs at London. 
Your Lordship may rest assur'd I will have it as much in 
my thoughts to do him every good office as if he was 
my own son, and as soon as possible — bis dat qui cito 
dat. M r Cook sends your Lordship his best regards & 
most humble service. M rs Belcher and my whole family 
join with me in the sincerest gratitude to your Lordship, 
to my Lady & all your good family for their undeserv'd 
kindness to our distant child. 

I have the honour to be with such a superiour respect 
as your Lordship's goodness justly challenges, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most obedient & most humble servant, 

J. B. 

Boston, April 29, 1732. 
# Winslow. Scutt. 


My dear Child, — Altho' I have wrote you so fully 
f> Winslow, yet I know the delivery of the inclos'd to 
D r Calamy will do you pleasure & honour, so (tho' jaded 
with writing) I was willing to tell you, that after much 
difficulty I have been able to do something for the D r ' 8 
son,* and if he will honour himself & his friends for 
the future I will still do him any further service I can. 
Your uncle will tell you what I hint by this ship in favour 
of M r Reynolds ; he will go with you & mention it to the 
Bishop in time, and you must both take effectual care 
that nothing be done in New Hampshire affairs till I 
write you after my return from thence. Your brother 

* Rev. Dr. Edmund Calamy's son had been appointed a deputy-sheriff at Salem. — 


tells me he has reed some small things from you in re- 
turn of some money he sent you, and the gardner tells 
me of 15/6 st r you have paid for him. I have told them 
& every body else you are not gone to London to be a 
factor (or mech") but a student & a lawyer ; and for the 
future let who will send to you put their money into 
your uncle's hands & let him be their merch*, and give 
yourself not the least trouble in such affairs. I think it 
unreasonable for any body to expect it of you. Such 
sort of avocations can do you no service. Let your 
business be in your books, & your diversions in what I 
have mention'd once & again. This I put into the hands 
of your cousin W m Partridge (a passenger in Shepherd- 
son). He is a sober, virtuous, solid youth, and (God 
sparing his life) I believe will be capable of business & 
make a very good man. I heartily wish him in safety 
to London, and that he may be prosper' d in all he under- 
takes. The bonds of nature & grace bind you to show 
him all the respect & friendship in your power ; so you 
will at all times (your leisure may allow) treat him as 
an own brother, which will be very pleasing to 

Your most affectionate father. J. B. 

Your cousin will deliver you the 3 d part of Judge Hales 
Contemplations, from whence you may draw a vast ad- 
vantage, if you please. 

Boston, May 2, 1732. 

$ Shepherdson. Homans. 


May it please tour Grace, — To allow me the great 
honour of looking up to you for the condescention of being 
my friend & patron, since his Majesty has been pleas'd to 

* Similar letters were written at the same time to the Duke of Devonshire, the Earl 
of Wilmington, the Earl of Westmoreland, the Earl of Halifax, Thomas Pelham, James 
Brudenell, Horace Walpole, and his brother Sir Robert Walpole. — Eds. 


honour me with commissions for the government of two 
of his Provinces, under your Grace's special care & direc- 
tion. I wou'd therefore now humbly mention to your 
Grace, that M r Anth° Reynolds, the Collector of his 
Majesty's Customs in N. Hampshire, might be his Majes- 
ty's Leiu 1 Gov r of that Province. The salary of the col- 
lection there is but £100 a year (a very slender support), 
and as his constant residence is there, a commission for 
Leiu* Gov r wou'd be a pretty addition to his Collector's 
place, which he might still take care of by a Deputy. He 
is a gent m every way capable of his Majesty's service in that 
station, and wou'd be very acceptable to me, as well as to 
the people ; and as Coll 11 Dunbar has several other imploy- 
ments of much greater profit, and is seldom in the Prov- 
ince, but has been now absent from his post as Leiu fc Gov r 
for more than 8 months, with great deference to your 
Grace, I can't see it will be any detriment to his interest 
to be superseded, nor can his continuance in any measure 
advance the King's service, since his absence is the only 
good he is capable of ; for when he is there he serves only 
to blow the people & government into flame & confusion. 
Let me therefore beg this commission, not only as a favour 
to M r Reynolds, but as an ease to myself and for the bet- 
ter promoting his Majesty's service in that province. I 
have order'd my son to pay his duty to your Grace in the 
delivery of this, and humbly pray your Grace wou'd allow 
me to be, with the greatest regard and deference, my Lord 

Your Grace's most faithfull, most obedient, & most hum- 
ble servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 24, 1732. 

$ Crocker. White. 



My Lord, — Since I had the honour of writing your 
Lordship 29 April last, I have made a visit to my other 
government of N. Hampshire & return'd hither the last 
week. While I was there I had several conversations 
with M r Reynolds, and we consider'd every little place in 
the Gov rs gift in that province, and there's really hardly 
one worth his acceptance, — the best not yeilding £30 st r 
a year; nor have the Commiss" of the Customs any thing 
in their gift there, but what M r Reynolds enjoys, — or the 
Lords of Trade. If he cou'd obtain the King's commis- 
sion for Leiu* Gov r (in the place of Coll 11 Dunbar), that is 
the best thing we can think of at present, the perquisites 
whereof (in a good understanding with the Grov r ) may be 
worth £80 st r a year ; so M r Reynolds wou'd then stand 
thus, — As Leiu fc Gov r £80; Collector's salary, 100 ; Col- 
lector & Naval Officer's perquisites 80, is £260 st r a year, 
with which he may live handsomely, & lay up at least one 
half. And altho' the place of Leiu* Gov r is worth but little, 
yet it is an honour to have such a commission from the 
King, and will give M r Reynolds a more noted figure in 
the world, and a better pretension to the future favours of 
the Crown in any thing to be had in these plantations or 
elsewhere ; and M r Reynolds & I shall be watchf ull to give 
your Lordship seasonable notice when anything offers for 
his advantage ; and this I shall do, not only in retaliation 
of your Lordship's great goodness to my son, but from a 
sincere personal respect to M r Reynolds ; and in order to 
accomplish the matter we are upon, I have cover'd myself 
with thick brass & by this convey* ventur'd to attack D.N. 
Castle, Devonshire, E. Westmorland, Hallifax, Wilming- 
ton, S r R. Walpole, M r H. Walpole, M r Pelham, & Brudenel, 
in M r Reynolds's favour, and have a dependance on your 
Lordship's protection & appologizing for me to these great 
personages on this occasion. I can, my Lord, see no diffi- 


culty in the matter, unless it shou'd arise from the Board 
of Trade or ColP Bladen, and altho' both wrote me recom- 
mendatory letters of M r Reynolds upon his first coming 
hither, yet I have not ventur'd to say any thing to them 
of this matter. Coll 11 Bladen is strangely attacht to Coll 11 
Dunbar, & I believe if the matter be done at all it must 
be before the Board or Coll 11 Bladen have any knowledge 
of it, for so was my appointm* to these governments, or 
I have reason to think it had never been. I have desir'd 
my brother & son to wait on your Lordship with the let- 
ters I mention, and your Lordship will pursue the affair 
in such way, and with such gent m as you shall judge most 
likely to obtain the desir'd success. The commission itself 
does not cost above 7 guineas, yet if some extra charge to 
clerks, &c a , shou'd make it 60 or 70 guineas, I shou'd think 
it worth M r Reynolds's while to be at the expence, and he 
must at same time be made one of his Majesty's Council 
in New Hampshire. I have already put him into the com- 
mission of the peace. I hope your Lordship will in time 
have satisfaction in his coming to America. I always am, 
with great respect, my very good Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 25, 1732. 

tf Crocker. White. 


My dear Jonathan, — At my return from New Hamp- 
shire I found your letter of 20 March ¥■ Cooper, and shall 
be pleas' d to see in your next the particular detail of your 
entertainment at Buckden, and how you like the Univer- 
sity at Cambridge. I have taken a particular notice of M r 
Reynolds in my late journey, and have talkt him fully in 
all matters for his future advantage, and have assur'd him 
he may depend on me as a father in all my advices, and 
for every good office in my power ; and altho' I dare not 


mention it to any body else, yet I will to you, that I fear 
but one thing, and in which I have been very plain and 
open with him, that he must be above all things cautious 
& fearfull of the b-ttle, or he will never make a figure in 
life, and I hope my repeated requests & charges will have 
their just & desir'd influence with him, and then I shall 
be much pleas'd with his being my Leiu* Gov r at N. Hamp- 
shire ; and by the letters herewith you will see I am in 
great earnest in the matter, and that I am never faint 
or languid in anything that may contribute to your in- 
terest & advantage. For as the Bishop's respect & kind- 
ness to you is that it may rebound to his son, so is mine 
to M r Reynolds vice versa. For I hope I have as good a 
son (tho not equal in all respects) as his Lordship, and it 
will be no fault in you to endeavour to be better. 

I wou'd have your uncle & you read all my letters in 
favour of M r Reynolds very sedately. Then wait on the 
Bishop ; if not in town go you directly to Buckden, and let 
the Bishop read 'em all. Then seal & deliver such as he 
advises to, and I heartily wish his Lordship may be at 
leisure to go up to London with you, and act in the affair, 
& then I cou'd the better hope for success, and I think 
it will be best to obtain the commission without the 
knowledge of the Board of Trade, least Coll 11 Bladen 
shou'd oppose it; and upon some talk I had with M r 
Reynolds I believe the commission may be more easily 
come at if the King shou'd be gone (as we hear) to Han- 
nover. Altho' the common charge of it be but 7 guineas, 
yet it may perhaps call for some extra charge, and in that 
case M r Reynolds says he thinks his father wou'd pay 100 
sruineas for him, rather than the matter shou'd fail. He 
shall have all the perquisite of the commission at Piscat- 
aqua ; but I think I ought not to be put to any expence 
to get it. You must take care he be at same time one of 
the Council there. If the matter can be done, let it be 
sent under my cover, as soon as possible. If this cannot 

1732.] TO THOMAS HOLLIS. 137 

be done, there's not a place in N. Hampshire worth his 
notice. If it succeeds, it will give him a pretty figure & 
a prospect of something better from the Crown in time. 

Ply your studies warmly, intermixing sufficient recrea- 
tions. Judge Hales lighten'd his studies now & then by 
a courtship to the Muses, & the copy of verses you pre- 
sented me upon my late voyage to London was no dis- 
honour to you. If you shou'd at any time make an at- 
tempt that way let it be Miltonic. If by God Almighty's 
blessing on your great diligence in your studies you 
shou'd one day come to sit on a green cushion in the 
House of Commons, the advantage & honour might be 
great ; but you may think of this as God may spare your 

I am fatigu'd upon my return from N. Hampshire a few 
days since ; so you must excuse me when you give my 
duty to the Lords of Trade, and tell them I shall write at 
large by a ship sails next week. In the mean time your 
uncle & you must try hard to stop all proceedings in the 
affairs of N. Hampshire, and when my letters get to hand 
I think the Board, or Coll 11 Bladen, will not be able to do 
anything to my prejudice, & at same time conform them- 
selves to the rules of reason & justice. 

I am, with an indelible affection, dear child, 

Your loving father. J. B. 

Boston, May 26, 1732. 

tf Crocker. White. 


S E , — If you will forgive this late address & attribute it 
(as you really ought) to the many publick cares with which 
I am continually prest, I will go on to say, the generous 

* Thomas Hollis, the younger, was a son of Nathaniel Hollis, and was himself one of 
the largest benefactors of Harvard College. He died in 1735, four years after the death of 
his uncle, the founder of the Hollis Professorships. See Quincy's History of Harvard 
Universit}', vol. ii. pp. 438, 439. — Eds. 



benefactions of your deed uncle, the Hono ble and pious 
M r Hollis call for the highest gratitude from every son of 
New England. In my last voyage to London I had the 
honour & pleasure of his acquaintance, whose conversa- 
tion was always full of the gent m & the Christian, and his 
great liberality to the school of the prophets in N. England 
will make his name fragrant to all generations, and the 
children yet unborn will rise up & call him blessed, and 
altho', S r , God has taken your master from your head, yet 
he seems to have dropt his mantle upon you in a large 
portion of his excellent spirit, the influence whereof we 
already feel in your large donation to Harvard College, 
transmitted thro' the hands of M r Treasurer Hutchinson, 
for which as the father (& a son) of this country I give you 
publick thanks, and as the head of the Overseers of the 
College I will take care that your orders respecting this 
great bounty be duly attended ; and may God from the 
inexhaustible fountains of his grace & mercy return into 
your soul & bosom a multitude of blessings both spiritual 
and temporal. 

I have order'd my son at the Temple to wait on you 
with this letter, & on your hon d & good father (M r Nath 11 
Hollis) with another I have taken the freedom to write 
him. My son spent 7 years at Harvard College, and some 
part of it in the study of divinity, intending first of all to 
devote himself to the ministry, but afterwards inclining 
to travel he determin'd himself in the study of the law, 
to which end he is now at the Inns of Court, and I shall 
very kindly esteem your smiles & countenance to him 
when he pays his respects to you, and that you wou'd on 
every occasion you can find here command me to your 
service, in which I shall with great gratitude (for your 
respect & favour to N. England) approve myself, S r , 
Your faithfull friend & most obedient servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 27, 1732. 
$ Crocker. 

1732.] TO ISAAC WATTS. 139 


S E , — Altho' I have not the honour & pleasure of your 
acquaintance, yet your late bounty to Harvard College, 
sent to M r Treasurer Hutchinson, gives you the trouble 
of this, with my thankfull acknowledgments in the name 
of this country in general, and of that society in par- 
ticular. How justly, and with how great gratitude must 
N. England inroll the name of Hoi lis among its best 
benefactors. The Hollisian donors stand in the front of 
that class. Altho' the death of your brother drew a 
sable veil before our eyes, yet we find the residue of the 
spirit is with God, and he still lives in you. May the 
great author of all we possess feed you continually with 
the blessings of the upper and neither springs ; and N. 
England shall embalm your name (& your worthy son's) 
with gratefull praises to latest posterity. This, I hope, 
will be deliver'd you by my youngest son, who is at the 
Temple in the study of the law, to whom I shall much 
esteem your favourable regards, when he may occasionally 
wait on you. It will be very pleasing to me when you'll 
please to put it in my power to demonstrate with how 
great respect I am, S r , 

Your friend & very humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 27, 1732. 
$ Crocker. 


Dear S R , — The 12 of last month I had T Cap* 
Homans your very obliging letter of 8 Feb r , and am 

* Nathaniel Hollis was the youngest of three brothers, all of whom were benefactors of 
Harvard College. He died in 1738. See Quincy's History of Harvard University, vol. ii. 
pp. 437-439. — Eds. 

t Rev. Isaac Watts, D.D., the eminent poet and divine, was born at Southampton 
July 17, 1674, and died at Theobald's, the seat of his friend Lady Abney, Nov. 25, 1748. 
See Allibone's Dictionary of Authors, vol. iii. pp. 2613, 2614. — Eds. 


sure it is my son's great misfortune that the distance 
of your two places of abode has so prevented him the 
blessing of your acquaintance, and of your wise & re- 
ligious conversation. I send this under his cover, and 
have given him a new charge to steal some time from 
his Temple studies to wait upon you either at Lime Street 
or Theobald's. I give you, S r , a thousand thanks for 
your generous simpathy in the severe time I have had 
from my arrival to the government between the necessity 
of my punctually adhering to his Majesty's orders & the 
people's absolutely refusing to fall in with my support in 
that manner ; and as the royal leave for taking the 
money granted me was only special & pro ilia vice, I 
must still live a long time on the air, or my private 
fortune, if I finally get a repeated leave, which, if I 
do, I hope it will be general ; for it's a great trouble 
& expence to be under continual sollicitation at Court 
for my just due. Dear Sir, I am highly oblig'd for all 
your good wishes, and may a gracious God hear your 
prayers and grant me a double portion of grace & 
wisdom to go in & out before this his so great a people, 
and may the great Gov r of Heaven & Earth in his best 
time say to the present storms, Peace, be still, and in 
the mean time enable me to lay claim to that wise device, 
Scevis Tranqidllus. 

Your packet to M r Prince was duly deliver'd, and that 
to M r Rector Williams sent forward to New Haven. I 
depend on your apologizing for me to my much hon d & 
good Lady Abney for the freedom I take by this convey* 
of condoling her on the death of one of the young lady's 
and of introducing my son to make his compliments to 
her Lad}\ship. My son Andrew sends you a great deal 
of respect & service, and so does my whole family, & I 
am always, Rev d S r , 

Your sincere friend & most obedient servant. 

J. B. 


I thank you, Sir, very kindly for the new book with 
which you have oblig'd your generation, and for one of 
them you sent me T Homans. 

Boston, May 27, 1732. 

I? Crocker, 


Dear Jonathan, — Since closing mine T this convey 3 , 
I have reed yours of 6 & 7 April T hands of M r R,. Clark, 
with a large ace" of my Lord Bishop of Lincoln's most 
kind and tender regards to you, and of the great honour 
& respect he constantly exprest for me & my family; 
your giving me a particular ace" of any friendship or 
smiles you meet with is a good proof of the duty & obe- 
dience you bear to a fond father. 

Pray, make my highest compliments of gratitude to 
the Bishop, and with the strongest assurances of my in- 
dustry to serve his son in every thing shall come in my 
power. But I know of no addition at present that will 
be so good to him as Leiu* Gov r of N. Hampshire, & I 
heartily wish he had it. I this day send forward the 
letters you inclose for him, and shall advise him to take 
pass a in the Blandford man-of-war, Cap fc Protheroe, who 
sails 20 next month (being the ship I came in). What 
the Lay Hospital may be worth I know not, but if he 
may hold it as a sinecure, and come hither to stand in 
the places I have mention'd to the Bishop, all together 
may be something handsome. I shall take care he has a 
good deputy in his absence. I shall be glad to hear you 
have got a Master's degree at Oxford (better than Cam- 
bridge) that it may be inserted in our next catalogue. I 
am sorry you miss'd being presented to the Lord C. J. 
But when the Bishop comes to London, you must get him 
to do it. 

I suppose M r Chancellour & M r Archdeacon to be the 
same person & one of the Bishop's sons ; but for the 


future be more explicit, or I must be ignorant who you 
mean 'till you have once mention'd their names. Make 
my most humble service acceptable to the gent m whoever 
it is, and tell him I heartily thank him for his generous 
present to you, and when the books come they shall be 
done with as you direct. 

If M r Reynolds shou'd be here at the Commencement 
I will endeavour to get him a Master's degree, tho I have 
never heard him mention a word about it. If he shou'd 
be gone, it wou'd be hardly practicable to be done for 
a person they have never seen or known. My Lord 
Townshend's letter will grow stale, if you don't get it 
to him. 

I shall answer the 5. 13/ st r which you have reed for 
Whitfield. The letters for your grandmother & aunt I 
send forward this day. 

You forget to write your Uncle Oliver, D r Colman, 
Sewal & Rand. 

I pray God to succeed & bless you in your studies, and 

Your dearly loving father. J. B. 

Boston, May 29, 1732. 
tf Crocker. White. 


Hono blb S B , — T the post I have yours of 26 psent 
with the publick papers you inclos'd. I am sensible 
Jeffries * can't send an authentick copy, but tell him to 
give you a loose one. I can't find that I ever had the 
names of the Dissenters. It will be well to find out as 
many of the free talkers as you can ; but truth will be 
truth, and finally find credit, and every body's minding 
their own business will extinguish the flame in time. 

* James Jaffrey was for many years clerk of the House of Representatives in New 
Hampshire. — Eds. 


You'll see I have wrote again for the note. Your post- 
script makes me defer for the present sending the order 
about the loan. Send me authentic copies of my two 
messages of 18 May, and of the Council's two last to 
the House, which I intend for the publick prints. 

I hope to accomplish the point I talkt with you about 
M r Reynolds. The inclos'd you must immediately deliver 
him ; and those in it are letters from his father to make 
the best of his way home & take possession of a place he 
has got for him, and then to return hither. Mayn't it be 
worth your while to come with him to town, for a day or 
two, & talk matters before he goes, and whether to accept 
his Collector's deputation for his absence? Perhaps it 
may be a couple of <£100 s in your way. Inclos'd are 
your & Gambling's mandamuss I reed last Saturday. The 
Presi dfc must make a Council at Gambling's & swear you 
both, and then you must record the mandamuss & send 
me the originals. You will both have the precedence of 
the other chaps, whose mandamuss are not yet taken out. 
Pray give me a letter to M r Waldo that he gives me an 
order to M r Wilks to pay for your mandamus, which 
my bro r writes M r Wilks refuses to do. I am in great 

Yours, J. B. 

Boston, May 29, 1732. 


S R , — I was in hopes to have seen you e'er this, or to 
have reed the letters I desir'd you to write for your own 
service, and it's pitty I hadn't 'em to send T Crocker who 
sail'd this morning. However I have wrote largely to 
the King's ministers of the affair I mention'd, & to your 
father, and to my brother & son to forward it. God 
speed the plough. The inclos'd I reed last Saturday 
under my son's cover from London, & he tells me they 


are to call you home to take charge of an hospital, and 
I think the Blandford man-of-war, who sails 20 prox 
will be a fine opportunity for you. It will be best you 
write Cap* Protheroe as soon as you receive this to secure 
your passage. When you come hither take mine for 
your father's house, and be free to let me know in what 
I can serve you here, or in England, for I will do it with 
the greatest alacrity. Advise with M r Sec ry Waldron in 
all things at Portsm . Give him the first offer of being 
your Deputy, and if he refuses then to Husk, if M r 
Waldron approves it. I shall be glad to see you & 
to talk with you at large when you come hither, and 
am, S r , 

Your friend and servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 29, 1732. 


S E , — By M r Reynolds and the post I have reed your 
letters of 31 of May & 2 p>sent, with what you inclos'd. 
I think it best not to print the messages (as intended), 
lest the acc tfc of your rude crew shou'd poison any body 
here. I return the votes of the House for James Jaffrey 
to do it more at large by attesting the names of all pres- 
ent that day & will show the yeas & nays. I observe 
the oaths are administer'd to you & Gambling. As the 
mandamuss are directed to me, are they not of the nature 
of instructions, and my warrant for swearing & placing 
you at the Council ? if not I am well content that they 
lye with you & M r Gambling. I have said nothing to 
M r Reynolds about paying for yours, nor he to me ; as he 
is returning to you, I think it will be sufficient that he 
draws an order on his friend at London (with a duplicate) 
to pay Richard Partridge, Esq r , or order, what may be 
the charge of your mandamus, and you to give him a 


promissary note to answer to him, or order, here what- 
ever he may pay at London to M r Partridge, with the 
curr tt exc i x a # This I think safest for you & sufficient for 
him, and the two orders he gives you inclose to me to 
forward to M r Partridge. I had rather you shou'd trans- 
act it with him than to leave it to me to do. 

By late letters from my brother & son I find Atkinson 
was again recommended by the Board of Trade to the 
Privy Council. These references cost him same ; but I 
believe no money will be too much, if he can possibly 
accomplish his mandamus (notwithstanding the air he 
affected when I was at Portsm ), and I am apt to believe 
he will finally succeed. 

As to the bull-frog from the Hibernian fenns,* I know 
nothing more or less since I saw you that I can depend 
on. If he comes at all, I don't suppose this town will 
have the rarity of the sight. When any ship arrives 
with new intelligence I shall hand it to you. I have a 
long letter from Coll 11 S. in which he prays to be excus'd 
from the note, so I shall say no more of it, tho' I am 
sure my method was best & free from all hazzard to him. 
He complains heavily of the military coihissions being 
stopt, and says it's one of the cheif reasons of things 
going as they did in the Assembly. Pray forward the 
commissions to me, and let him be gratify' d. 

I am very easy in the election of Counsellors here, tho' 
I believe somebody was greatly mortify' d with the affairs 
of that day. I see you decline filling up the Collector's 
place in his absence; so I have advis'd him to Husk. 
Cap* Protheroe of the Blandford is a solid good officer, 
sails 20 curr tfc (wind & weather allowing), and I am 
satisfy'd will make the best of his way to G fc Britain, 
and I doubt not will be there in 20 or 25 days. M r Rey- 
nolds has taken his pass a with him, and returns hither by 
Saturday 10 ins*. Quicken him all you can; he wants 

* Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. — Eds. 


a little mercury. I wrote at large of his affair by a 
ship that sail'd 29 ult°, and I shall strongly inforce it 
by him to his father, who I know is very fond of it, and 
the Collector says 100 guineas shall not be wanting to 
grease the wheels, & a little money here & there will do 
great things. His Majesty's tour to Germany (I assure 
you) smiles upon the scheme, for reasons I shall say when 
I see you. 1 herewith send a blank dedimus (if necess a ) 
for Walton & Sherburne to swear Husk into his offices. 
Take care it be done before there is any Irish appearance. 
I have had messages to put old David into those offices 
(but they shall taste nothing 'till they see & confess their 
folly). I send two blank commissions for Collector & 
Naval Officer, which you must fill up. Reynolds tells 
me there's no power in his warrant from the Commiss r8 
of the Customs of deputation. You will carefully ob- 
serve what I wrote you 2 curr". I am determin'd to own 
no power 'till I see it of the King's sign manual & signet. 
Except the matter of going into the fort (if attempted) 
I think it best to be indifferent about. I am, S r , 

Your sincere friend. J. B. 

Inclos'd you have the form of a power from me to M r 
Reynolds for appointing his Deputy Collector, he having 
no power from the Commiss rs . This I give him as I stand 
in the place of Surveyor General, which power of deputing 
Bacon* had from the late Surveyor. You have also the 
form of a commission to him for Naval Officer, with a 
power of deputation, which I believe was not in my last 
commission, and I inclose you blanks to be fill'd by these. 
I choose those powers shou'd go immediately from M r 
Reynolds. Mons r will esteem them the more sacred. 
What if Husk shou'd be Collector & old H.t Naval Officer, 

* Devereaux Bacon was appointed Collector and Naral Officer at Portsmouth in 1726. 
— Eds. 

t Col. Henry Sherburne. — Eds. 

1732.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 147 

in which Cap* Penhallow's quack might officiate. Think 

well & do the best. The Collector will be govern'd by 


Yours. J. B. 

Boston, June 5, 1732. 


My Lords, — My last bore date of 29 of May, since 
which I have been looking over the complaint I reed from 
M r Sec ry Popple by order of your Lordships, and altho' it 
is but a weak slender business, yet it must give your Lord- 
ships & me the trouble of my remarks upon it. 

And first of all I wonder the Leiu* Gov r is not at the 
head of the subscribers, being an affair hatcht & spirited 
up by him, the substance whereof he gave me in a letter 
a few days before it was sign'd ; but I believe he thought 
it so trifling as made him asham'd to be of the number ; 
yet I doubt not but he took care to attend this matter with 
his magnifying letters. After saying this, my Lords, I 
must also say I expect there will be no peace or quiet in 
N. Hampshire while that gent m has anything to do there. 
And if it be worth your Lordships* patience I will now 
answer this matter pretty particularly. 

As to the sudden prorogation & preventing an address, 
&c a , in April & May, 1731 (the stated time), there was a 
session of the Gen 11 Assembly & continu'd the usual length, 
wherein a vote was past by the whole Court, in which 
were these words, "There being no manner of likelyhood 
that the difference will be accommodated (meaning of the 
Province line) unless by the means of a previous confer- 
ence, Voted, that a comittee be forthwith chosen to meet a 
committee of the govern mt of the Massachusetts (if they 
see meet to choose one) on the 22 of June next, and that 
the said comittees make their respective reports with all 


convenient dispatch, and that his Ex cy the Gov r be desir'd 
to prorogue this Court when it rises to the 1 of July next, 
to receive the said report, and to act what is proper 
thereon.' ' Committees were accordingly chosen on both 
sides, but that of the Massachusetts not proceeding frus- 
trated the end of the adjournment, which was to receive 
a report from the com tee , and was the only reason the 
representatives gave for their desire of an adjournm* to 
that time, and I had otherwise prorogu'd them to the 
usual time of the fall session ; but being very desirous of 
doing all in my power to compromise the unhappy differ- 
ence of the lines I order' d the Presid fc of the Council to 
meet the Assembly at the time, and to propose the reviv- 
ing their vote for the com tees meeting, &c a , and then to 
prorogue them. But before the time of the adjournment 
the Leiu* Gov r came into the Province, and the Presid fc 
deliver'd him my order for meeting the Assembly the 1 of 
July, and when they came together my letter was laid 
before them, which the House acknowledg'd in their vote 
of the same day, thus, " Having his Exc ly ' s letter to the 
Presid* of the Council now before us, desiring that this 
House wou'd pass a vote enabling a com ttee of this Province 
to meet the commitee of that Province at Newbury the 
13 curr", with a direction to have the Gen 11 Assembly pro- 
rogu'd to Sept r next." The House of Repres tvs absolutely 
refus'd to come into the proposal, and in their before- 
mention'd vote say, " That the House don't think it for 
the interest of the Province to chose a com tee ," notwith- 
standing the Council had voted it & strenuously urged it. 
The Leiu fc Gov r therefore after waiting two days & finding 
they wou'd do nothing prorogu'd the Court according to 
my order ; and this is what these 15 persons call a sudden 
prorogation, & so surprizing, but what, my Lords, can be 
plainer than that the prorogation was not suddain, but 
after sitting two days ? and if it prevented any address, 
I solemnly protest I had not such a thought, but had sent 

1732.] TO THE LORDS OP TRADE. 149 

the orders for the prorogation a fortnight before. I think 
it very extraordinary, my Lords, for these few complainants 
to assert what the votes of the House so amply disprove. 

They go on & say, the Gov r wou'd not consent to their 
choice of commiss rs . This, my Lords, is as false as the 
former ; for I can neither consent nor dissent to any votes 
'till past both Houses, and there never was such a vote for 
a commiss r or comiss rs that I refus'd my assent to. Yet his 
Majesty by his royal commission & instructions has vested 
me with such a power, to use according to my discretion, 
& indeed without it the King's authority wou'd be wholly 
lost in his plantations. 

They say again that I refus'd my assent (being Gov r of 
the Massachusetts) to some acts which wou'd be beneficial, 
& better enable the Province to pay the salary. 

My Lords, those who had such a sufficiency of ill nature 
& lying to suggest this, I believe wou'd have gladly nam'd 
such a bill if they cou'd. But this, like the two former, 
is absolutely false, for there never was but one bill that 
ever past the two Houses which I have deny'd my assent 
to, and that was a bill entitl'd an Act for emitting the 
sum of £6000 in bills of credit, and for postponing the 
payment of the loan money that wou'd be due 25 April, 
1731, for one year. This, I told the Assembly, I might 
not pass without a saving clause that the said act shou'd 
not take effect 'till his Majesty's pleasure shou'd be known, 
and for the better satisfaction of the Assembly in this 
matter I communicated to them his Majesty's 22 instruc- 
tion for my government therein ; so that when the As- 
sembly voted that bill it was without the least expectation 
of my assent. I did, indeed, transmit a copy of that bill 
& recommended it to your Lordships, that I might have 
leave to pass it; but when your Lordships reed it you 
gave no favour or countenance to the matter, & so it rests ; 
altho' with great deference to your Lordships I am still of 
opinion it wou'd be for his Majesty's service that I might 


have leave to pass such a bill, and much for the safety of 
the Province, their only fortification being fallen into great 
dispair & will never be built or inlarg'd by the people but 
in some such method. Pardon me, my Lords, this last 
digression, & please to observe the gross falshood of this 
article, as well as the injustice of insinuating this denial 
to be matter of complaint & accusation, which was in con- 
sequence of my strict obedience to the King's royal instruc- 
tions. How idle, how silly & absurd is it, my Lords, to 
say if they were under a Gov r seperate from the Massa- 
chus" 8 he wou'd not deny his assent to such an act, which 
is in plain English to say (I thank 'em) that the present 
Gov r is observant of the King's instructions, but they 
desire one that wou'd not be so. 

As to some of the towns being at that time destitute of 
magistrates, I own it, and altho' they are so vile & mali- 
cious, methinks I am glad they have spoke one word of 
truth in the whole complaint. But why, my Lords, did 
not they, according to their duty, apply to the King's Gov 1 
to redress this grievance, if it was one ? Indeed, the Leiu* 
Gov r (the leader of these few complainants) wrote to me 
of Justices of the Peace being wanted in some towns, and 
I reply'd to him, I was not ignorant of it, and wou'd take 
proper care in the matter, which I soon did, and there is 
at this time a Justice in every town that us'd to have one 
(except Kingston), and when I can find a person agreeable 
to the King's orders I shall place one there, altho' it is 
but 6 miles from a town that has a Justice in it. The true 
reason of this part of the complaint was that some of the 
subscribers wanted to be in the commission of the Peace. 
But they know I don't think them worthy or capable. 

My Lords, I must observe one very particular absurdity. 
They say a constable came 38 miles to be sworn, no Jus- 
tice being nearer the town he came from than 23 miles, 
so he chose to travel 15 miles more than he needed to do. 
Their presumption & prevarication are of a peice with the 


rest. They call themselves members of the Council & As- 
sembly. There was only one of the Council (Ge° Jaffrey, 
Esq r ) & 4 of the Representatives of 17, — 5 of the 15 peti- 
tioners I had remov'd out of offices, and 7 more were 
nearly related to others I had put out of place. 

I hope upon the whole, your Lord ps will look upon this 
complaint to be frivilous, as I do, & more the effect of 
malice & ill nature than from any regard to the King's 
service or to the good of the people where they live, both of 
which I shall always advance to the utmost of my power, 
and have the honour to be with great respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, June 10, 1732. 

$ Curling. Gerald. 


My Lord, — The 13 April Cap* Paxton f brought me 
yours of 15 July, and I really pitty that gent m ' s reduc'd 
circumstances, and shall be ready upon any occasion that 
falls in my way to do him a kindness. 

I hope this will have the honour of waiting on your 
Lordship f the hands of Cap fc Protheroe of the Blandford, 
returning from this station to Great Britain. I have once 
& again mention'd your Lordship's goodness in his ap- 
pointment to this country ; and I wish I cou'd uprightly 
return to your Lordship & the King's ministers a gratefull 
sense from this country to all the King's goodness. Yet 
I am still so much in favour of my country as to think 
what is otherwise is owing to the restless discontent of 
a very few who wou'd feign have the supream power in 

I wish much health & ease to your Lordship, to such a 
date of years as shall make you draw up the conclusion 

* George Byng, Viscount Torrington, First Lord of the Admiralty. — Eds. 
t Probably the father of Charles Paxton, one of the most prominent adherents to the 
Crown at the time of the Revolution. — Eds. 


of the wisest & greatest earthly monarch, who said, — I 
have no pleasure in them ; and that your Lordship may 
after that be happy in the glories of a more refin'd life is 
the prayer of, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull & most obedient ser- 
vant. J. B. 

Boston, June 17, 1732. 
$ Cap 1 Protheroe. 


May it please your Grace, — By a ship arriv'd this 
spring from G fc Britain I reed the copy of a report from 
the R tfc Hono ble the Lords of Trade to his Majesty upon 
a complaint made to them by Coll 11 Dunbar, Leiu* Gov r 
of N. Hampshire, respecting some orders I had given 
about the Fort William & Mary in that province. I am, 
may it please your Grace, to observe in the first place, 
that upon any complaint exhibited against me it is my 
undoubted right (as of all Englishmen) to be serv'd with 
a copy to make answer before any proceeding or report 
be made thereupon ; and had the Lords of Trade favour'd 
me so far, it might have prevented any representation 
of the matter to the King; and I can't but think it a 
partial, hard way of treating me to make out an opinion 
to the King without ever hearing me upon the matter, 
and I humbly conceive it contrary to the general practice 
of that board ; but since they have so done I am under 
great obligations to your Grace from what my brother & 
son write me of your Grace's putting a delay to any de- 
cision in this matter 'till my answer might get to hand, 
in which I must beg your Grace's patience. 

The Report of the Lords of Trade says, thus : " Your 
Majesty's Gov 1 " has given orders not to suffer Coll 11 Dun- 
bar to enter the said fort in quality of Leiu fc Gov r of that 
Province," &c a . I shall repeat the words of my orders, & 
leave it to your Grace to judge what my orders were, and 


how necessary, upon Coll 11 Dunbar's insult, it was to the 
King's honour to give those orders to the Cap* of the 
Fort, which were, — " July 18, 1731. My order is that you 
abide by the comission I have given you, & not suffer him 
nor any other person to come into the fort, or have any- 
thing to do with it, but by such orders as you receive 
from me from time to time." "Aug st 2. I now order 
you again to abide by the commission I gave you for 
Fort Mary, and not to suffer the least insult on your 
commission from any person whatsoever, nor to let any 
one come into the fort but those that come in a courteous, 
civil manner. I mean that the Leiu* Gov r nor any other 
shou'd come by way of command or in derogation to the 
orders I have given you as Cap* Gen 11 & Commander in 
Cheif of his Majesty's Province of N. Hampshire." 

By the words of my orders now repeated, your Grace 
will plainly see they intended no more than that Coll 11 
Dunbar shou'd not enter the fort as Commander in Cheif, 
and take the command of that garrison in open contempt 
& defyance of the King's commission to me for the gov- 
ernment ; nor did I ever give my orders about the fort 
'till Coll 11 Walton, whom I had made cap fc of it, gave me 
the ace" of Coll 11 Dunbar's insolence which your Grace 
will be convine'd of by Coll 11 Walton's affidavit of that 
matter. With great submission, my Lord Duke, it must 
be thought impossible not to assert the King's honour, & 
my own, upon so flagrant an insult. I think in justice 
the words of my orders ought to be strictly regarded 
upon any proceedings in this affair, and not as Coll 11 
Dunbar has perverted & false glost them to the Lords 
of Trade ; nor am I answerable if the cap* of the fort 
exceeded my orders by any thing he said or did. In such 
case it was Coll 11 Dunbar's duty to complain to me, and I 
shou'd have taken care he shou'd have been treated with 
all proper respect to the King's commission (if I had 
found it otherwise). 



As to the affidavit given by M r Wentworth & Atkinson 
I think it was not fairly taken, because it nearly con- 
cern'd the cap* of the fort who was not notify' d to be 
present, which if he had, it might have prevented its 
being drest up & colour'd as it is to give a very different 
face to the matter than it can reasonably bear, especially 
since it was drawn & done by two of my declar'd enemies, 
and the latter being some time before remov'd by me 
from several offices he had enjoy 'd. The matter with 
which they introduce their affidavit was all a sham pre- 
tence ; for the Indian cannoos they mention to be but 20 
leagues off was a number of Indians got together at that 
time of the year (as is their constant practice) to gather 
a sort of berries call'd hurtle berries, which they dry for 
part of their winter's provision ; and this Coll 11 Dunbar 
very well knew & wrote me in the time of it. But the 
whole design of his going to the fort at that time was to 
offer an insult on the comission I had given to Coll 11 Walton 
to command the fort, which I wou'd by no means suffer. I 
am, my Lord Duke, so far from thinking I did wrong in 
this affair, that I think I ought to have confin'd the Leiu* 
Gov r for his presuming to demand admittance into the 
fort in the manner he did, when he was sensible of my 
orders to the contrary. Had I been present in the fort, 
and forbid his coming in, it had doubtless been his duty 
to observe it, and what I did by my special order to my 
officer I take to be the same as if I had been present and 
done it myself ; and what I still more strongly rely upon 
in this affair is, may it please your Grace, that my being 
in the Massachusetts is not an absence from N. Hamp- 
shire, nor has ever been accounted so in the times of any 
of my predecessors in that government, and which his 
Majesty's 36 instruction to me, and his commission to 
Coll 11 Dunbar, will plainly make out. I am therefore 
greatly surpriz'd at the three articles the Lords of Trade 
have propos'd to his Majesty to be declar'd as his royal 


intention, which being done wou'd throw that Province 
into anarchy & confusion, and wou'd totally divest me 
of the powers &■ authorities given me in his Majesty's 
royal commission as Cap* Gen 11 & Gov r in Cheif of N. 
Hampshire. In the time of the late Gov r Shute, Leiu* 
Gov r Vaughn's commission was superseded, from his pre- 
suming to interfere with the orders & directions his 
Majesty had given him. 

I ask a thousand pardons for giving your Grace so 
much trouble on this trifling affair, and wou'd beg of 
your Grace that my commission in that Province may 
not be in a manner superseded to gratify the pride & 
ill nature of a Leiu* Gov r . I am with the greatest duty 
& respect, nry Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, June 24, 1732. 
$ Gerald. Orrick. 


My dear Child, — Cap' Moverly arriv'd the 24 curr**, 
and brought me yours of 8 April. M r Reynolds sail'd in 
the Blandford man-o'-war 21 ins*, so I now return the 
letter you sent me for him. You may let the Bishop 
know I have such repeated acc tts from Portsm of the 
mean amour he had indulg'd himself in as leaves me 
no room to doubt but he wou'd 'a' been marry'd cou'd 
he 'a' stay'd a few days longer. The Bishop must there- 
fore bring him under the most sacred vows to desist from 
this matter (if he don't approve of it) or not suffer him 
to return to this country. If he shou'd come, you must 
tell my Lord not to fail getting him to be my Leiu* Gov r 
at N. Hampshire. If his Lordship has any interest at 
Court he can't fail of such a trifle for asking. I inclose 
you one from Coll 11 Byfield, and another from myself, to 


Cap* Protheroe, whom you must find out & deliver. You 
too much & too long neglect writing to your excellent 
Uncle Oliver, to D r Colman, Sewall, & Rand. You have 
herewith this last Commencement's theses. A Master's 
degree at Oxford may be an honourable mark to your 
name in the Harvard Catalogue, to be reprinted next year. 
I take a particular notice of what past between the 
Board of Trade & M r Wilks respecting Pemaquid, and 
am glad M r H. Walpole has fallen in so plumply with 
the Attorney & Sollicitor Gen 11 ; nor do I think it pos- 
sible for any gent m of probity & understanding to think 
or say otherwise. It is certainly as clear as the sun at 
high noon, that the jurisdiction of those lands, and the 
grant of the soil, is fully reserv'd in the Charter to the 
government of the Massachusetts, nor can any private 
proprietor be disquieted but in a course of law. I have 
therefore all along lookt upon Dunbar's proceedings as 
an invasion & violation of the rights of mankind, and 
have no doubt but the matter is manag'd by Bl-d-n, 
who, I believe, is to have a large share of these lands, if 
they can bully & fright this Province, and so in time 
wrench them out of the hands of the rightfull owners ; 
but I think they'll find themselves mistaken, for this 
Province and the private proprietors seem more & more 
resolv'd to maintain their just right. Communicate this 
part of my letter to M r Wilks, and tell him from me the 
Assembly are uneasy with him, and so are a great part of 
the people, because they think he don't pursue this matter 
with the vigour he ought, or he might send me an order 
for Dunbar to withdraw. His pretending to settle those 
lands is so flagrantly unjust as wou'd make it impossible 
(after the reports before mention'd) for M r Wilks not to 
obtain such an order, if he pusht it heartily. Let your 
uncle also see what I write, that he may assist in the 
matter, if M r Wilks desires it. But to all others what I 
write must be kept a secret. I say my name must never 


be mention' d in this affair, nor must you by any means 
appear in it. 

Be always assur'd you have a great share of the affec- 
tions of 

Your father. J. B. 

Boston, June 26, 1732. 

Assist your uncle in sending me the best pocket Greek 
Testament to be bought in London, for my own use. Let 
it be neat & strong bound, not gay. 

$ Gerald. Orrick. 


Hono ble S E , — The Coll 11 has sent me the names he has 
put into the commissions, and if I have any skill they 
are of quite another class than what he at first thought 
of. He seems to be wonderfully pleas'd & it's best to 
keep him sweet. Husk's a clever fellow. 

I think I have taken the needfull care for preventing 
the intended destruction of the poor gent m that lately 
left us, # for I have given a most particular acc tfc (with 
my own opinion) to the Bishop, as I told the young gent m 
T must. I also laid the matter home to him before he 
went. He solemnly vow'd to me he was not marry'd nor 
promist, nor ever intended to be, to the wench. Yet I 
at same time discover'd so much by his face & air that 
I cou'd not believe him. Yet I am apt to think this trip 
may prove happy to him in this article. I hope nobody 
has the least notion of our affair with him.f The King's 
absence gives me some of the best hopes of success. I 
return the papers you sent for him about your mandamus. 
^ Cap fc Moverly, who arriv'd on Saturday, came the 
particular charge of yours & Gambling's mandamuss, 

* Anthony Keynolds. The reference is to a love affair in which he had been engaged 
with a young woman at Portsmouth. — Eds. 

f The "affair" was the attempt to secure his appointment as Lieutenant-Governor in 
place of Dunbar. — Eds. 


being £64. 19. 0, which is double what I paid for Cap* 
Frost, & occasion'd by the great opposition given you at 
the Board of Trade. However M r Gambling's is paid 
for, and I believe the best way wou'd be for you to write 
Coll 11 Westbrook, now in town, to get Waldo's lett r to M r 
Wilks to pay whatever may be the charge of yours, & 
M r Wilks writes me he shall duly observe it, and I pray 
the matter may not lye any longer, because M r Partridge 
writes me pressingly about it. Don't tell Gambling the 
charge ; it may kill him some days sooner. Let the 
Council be fill'd as it will, I'll ingage in no more man- 
damuss but for those who at same time send me a 
possitive order for payment of the charge as it arises. 
I have had too much trouble with these. You'll scarce 
see Don Quixot again, unless he obtains the King's fiat 
upon the report of the Board of Trade, & if he shou'd 
you'll be in a fine pickle. Consider when may be best 
to send out the writts for a new Assembly. S r , 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, June 26, 1732. 


My Lords, — My last was 19 June by the Blandford 
man-o'-war, to which your Lordships will please to be 
referr'd ; since which the Assembly sat here to the 7 ins*. 
And the several tribes of Indians on the eastern frontiers 
of this Province, having the last summer sent their dele- 
gates desiring an interview with me at this time in their 
country, the Assembly here askt me for a recess, upon 
which I desir'd the advice of his Majesty's Council, who 
advis'd me to adjourn them to Nov r next, which your 
Lordships will see I have done by the inclos'd journal, 
altho' there is not a shilling in the Treasury of this Prov- 
ince, nor has been for 14 months past, nor wou'd the As- 

1732.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 159 

sembly supply a farthing unless I wou'd comply with their 
manner of doing it in open violation of the King's royal 
orders to me, which I shall strictly adhere to, nor have 
they any expectation to the contrary. But how this gov- 
ernment can subsist, or public faith & justice have their 
course, is not possible for me to say. I have, my Lords, 
dull apprehensions of what may be the issue of the ex- 
traordinary, unreasonable, undutifull proceedings of this 
Assembly in this matter, and am in daily expectation that 
all his Majesty's garrisons of this Province will be deserted, 
having now upwards of 18 months pay due, and there is 
now near £15,000 due from the Province to other people, 
whose families (many of them) suffer greatly for want 
of it. As money is the sinews of war, so is it of govern- 
ment, and what may be the unhappy consequences to the 
King's honour & service, as to the peace & welfare of his 
subjects here, I am not able to guess, but have thought 
it my duty thus to represent the state of affairs for his 
Majesty's further directions as he in his royal wisdom 
may judge best, tho' I am absolutely of opinion, and so 
are the wisest & best men of this Province, that his 
Majesty's instruction respecting the supply of the Treas- 
ury exactly quadrates with the Royal Charter. 

I am this day embarking in the Scarborough man o' 
war, Cap* Durell, and intend first to S fc George's River, 
thence to Kennebec, & so to Casco Bay, where I have 
appointed the Indians to be 20 curr", and in treating with 
them I shall do every thing in my power to support the 
honour & dignity of the Crown by establishing them in 
their duty & allegiance to his Majesty, and which will 
have a necessary tendency to confirm & lengthen out the 
peace & welfare of this his Majesty's Province. I shall 
on my return write your Lordships very particularly of 
all that may pass at this interview, and of any thing else 
that may occurr worth your notice, & shall greatly esteem 
the honour of your Lordships' letters in answer to many 


of my former & this, and shall not doubt your Lordships* 
justice & favour that I may not starve in the strict execu- 
tion of my duty to the King, or be oblig'd to consume my 
own estate, which I daily do ; nor can the character of 
the King's Gov r be supported tolerably with the £3000 
a year they give me, it not being at this time more than 
st r £850. So I depend your Lordships will be so good as 
to put forward the obtaining his Majesty's leave for my 
signing the bill they have past for my support. I have the 
honour to be with very great esteem & respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, July 10, 1732. 

$ Orrick. Harris. 

With same to Duke N. Castle. 


S R , — I was glad to find by yours of 4 psent that you & 
Coll 11 Sherburne were got well home ; as I did after a long 
(& something dangerous passage from Casco) Saturday last 
ab* 4 afternoon, and I assure you (putting all considerations 
together) I have never spent a month more to my satis- 
faction, and I hope my prince & country will reap advan- 
tages from this tour* The entertainment projected & 
made by Coll 11 Westbrook t & you was unanimously voted 
to be of all things the most surprizing & elegant. 

I have ab fc 30 letters from G fc Britain since I left this 
town, and the advices are all agreeable. Sancho Pancha $ 
must move off the ground ; poor rogue I can't hold him 
much longer, were I never so fond of him. The inclos'd 

* Governor Belcher had been on a visit to the Eastern Indians. He embarked on board of 
the Scarborough, man-of-war, July 10, and reached home on his return, August 5. — Eds. 

t Col. Thomas Westbrook had been for many years one of the Council of New Hamp- 
shire, but had recently resigned and removed to Falmouth. He was the father-in-law of 
Secretary Waldron. — Eds. 

J Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. It is a somewhat curious circumstance that Governor 
Belcher refers to him indifferently as Don Quixote and Sancho Panza. — Eds. 


is a paragraph from M r Agent Wilks to the government 
here, and my letters are to same purport, and that I may 
soon expect an order for his withdraw. His great patron 
at the Board of Trade (Coll 11 Bl-d-n) was just ready to 
embark as Envoy to Denmark. His absence will be of 
great service & ease. Sancho's brother was rubbing off to 
the Jersey's near N. York, there to be a Deputy Sherriff 
(as I am told). 

My service to the Presid*, & let him convene a Council 
to swear in honest Dennet, according to inclos'd manda- 
mus, which record & return me. I am told those for At- 
kinson, Wentworth, & Peirce were not made out, for want 
of the money. Perhaps the two former may never come, 
if some letters I have wrote get to hand in season, tho" I 
am very indifferent, for I may have an opportunity to 
suspend them both. I han't time to write Coll 11 Sher- 
burne, but you must communicate this as to you both. 
Let Husk & all our friends know the substance (not men- 
tioning my name). 

This must certainly be the best juncture for the new 
choice, even before any other ship arrives. Why can't 
Husk get in for Portsmouth ? You must all make your 
best efforts in every place. 

I had almost forgot to say that the Report I show'd you 
in favour of Sancho sleeps, and is never like to take effect. 
The rascalls may go on to lye, but all T write is fact & 
truth ; and methinks their adherents shou'd be convinc'd 
how they are play'd upon & deceiv'd. 

I am in great hopes the Collector will succeed ; if his 
father has the interest I imagine he can't fail. 

If the Assembly meets the 29, I suppose I need not be 

there. All the business will be to swear 'em & prorogue. 

I am, Hono ble S r , 

Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Aug st 7, 1732. 




My dear Jonathan, — This brings you the duplicate 
of a few lines I wrote you 10 ult 1 , just as I was embarking 
eastward, from whence I return'd 5 curr", and found your 
dutifull letters of May 3, 11, & June 14, T Prince, Cary, 
& M r Smith. I have assur'd the last of any good I can 
do him, but his not bringing a power from his cousin, M r 
Morey of London (joint heir) I am afraid will make things 
difficult ; and as the affair must be concerted in the law, 
you lawyers can't find the gift of utterance unless your 
tongues are well gilt, and I fancy either money is not 
plenty with M r Smith, or he is loth to hazard it in this 
affair. I believe he returns by this convey a , and still 
leaves his son to prosecute who seems to me a sober 
young man, but not of life & spirit equal to push thro' 
such an undertaking. 

Cap* Coram is mine & your very good friend, and you'll 
do well to own it on all occasions. M r Williams of Wes- 
ton was to see me two days ago. I wish you'd write him 
a few lines at your first leisure. 

As to my new Leiu* Gov r ; since it's the King's pleasure 
I'm satisfy'd.* But the men will not bear mentioning at 
one and the same time. However, I believe this town and 
province are better pleas'd with the present gent m than 
they wou'd 'a' been with the other ; t yet your observation 
is very just that it is necessary to my authority & honour 
that my recommendations shou'd at all times take place. 

I am sensible the gent m M r Popple mention'd to you is 
far from being my friend, tho' he carrys it with a great 
deal of Spanish gravity & fawning, yet I am satisfy'd he 

* M Col. Phipps, a Native of, and Resident in New England, is appointed Lieutenant 
Governor of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, under his Excellency Jonathan 
Belcher, Esq. in the Room of William Tailer, Esq. deceased." (See The Weekly Re- 
hearsal, July 24, 1732.)— Eds. 

t Major Paul Mascarene, whose appointment had been urged by Belcher. — Eds. 


is much a stranger to truth & sincerity. Pray give my 
service to M r Popple, and tell him he is in debt to me for 
2 or 3 long letters. 

Dennett's mandamus is come seasonably, and when the 
other poor rogues # can find money to pay for theirs I 
suppose they'll have 'em, and I doubt not will soon give 
me fair opportunities to suspend 'em, which I shall em- 
brace without ceremony. 

If any gent m of figure have had an inclination to be 
concern'd in the lands at Pemaquid the employing Coll 11 
Dunbar in the matter has been a gross mistake ; for he 
has been so despotic, and so barbarously inimical to this 
Province upon every possible occasion that he has to a 
degree inflam'd & enrag'd the people in general, and every 
private proprietor, who have now the opinions of the 
Sollicitor, Attorney, & Auditor Generals with the Lords 
of Trade so clear & strong in their favour, that I am 
afraid no cession will be come at. As to Dunbar's re- 
moval that can be no great inducement ; because there 
can be no assurance but he may be restor'd again, and 
since these reports have been made by the King's order 
for a decision of the matter, there can now be no doubt but 
his Majesty, according to his wonted reason, justice, & 
goodness, will confirm the rights of his subjects. If the 
people here have not a good claim to those lands they must 
be ousted in a course of law, and treated as Englishmen 
and as subjects of King George ; but they will not be 
bully' d out of their properties by M r Dunbar. I hope M r 
Wilks will not lose a moment in procuring and sending 
forward a peremptory letter for removing him. He will 
disoblige the Assembly and all his friends to come into any 
parly about this business. Had the opinions gone other- 
wise, I suppose there wou'd not 'a' been the least glimpse 
of a concession to the present owners, many of whose ances- 

* Joshua Peirce, Benning Wentworth, and Theodore Atkinson, who had been recom- 
mended by Dunbar, and whose appointment Belcher had tried to prevent. — Eds. 


tors have spent their blood & estates in that country. This 
you know is a tender point for me or for you to be seen 
in ; because I am very apt to believe Bl-d-n and some 
others were to have shar'd this fine country, cou'd the 
bully have frighted the true owners from their properties. 
Yet I believe a good use may be made of what I write, 
concealing my name & your own. It may be well your 
uncle, M r Wilks & Sharp shou'd know the substance of it ; 
and if Popple cou'd know it in some distant way it might 
not be amiss. I am apt to think he was to have come in 
for a snack, if things had succeeded. 

I am glad your uncle honour'd himself so much at the 
barr of the House of Lords. He is certainly a gent m of 
good capacity & integrity, and I have made a proper use 
of his good services to North America in the affair of the 
Sugar Colony Bill, both here and at N. York. I shall 
always serve him with pleasure and the Quakers for his 
sake, and that without any reward or expectation of pay- 
ment. For if nothing is to be done between relations & 
friends but for the sake of money, I shou'd have very 
little value for the word Friendship. I have wrote the 
last post to New York, and shall again, & hope he will be 
chose their agent. I shall write T this convey* a letter 
purely in answer to yours on the head of matrimony. 

I am heartily sorry for the death of the pious, learned 
D r Calamy. What will become of his unhappy son, I 
know not. If he behaves well, I shall be willing he be 
continued in the place I have put him. M r Warren shall 
know your concern (and my readiness) to serve him. But 
Coll 11 Tailer (before his death) had fix'd a successor to M r 
Mather, M r Moseley (whom you knew at College, being, 
I think, next class to yours).* 

I return the two letters you sent for M r Reynolds, with 

* Samuel Moseley, of the Class of 1729, was ordained pastor of the church in Hampton, 
Conn., May 15, 1734, and died July 26, 1791. (See Sprague's Annals of the American 
Pulpit, vol. i. p. 44f>.) Apparently he had been designated by Lieutenant-Governor Tailer 
for some civil employment. — Eds. 


my most humble service to my Lord of Lincoln and M r 
Archdeacon. Your present of Juvenal I sent to the Col- 
lege this week. I hope M r Reynolds may be arriv'd & 
will succeed in the Leiutenancy of N. Hampshire. I think 
the Bishop can't be deny'd so small a request, especially 
since the present gent m has desir'd to be excus'd serving 
under me, as you may remember, in his letter to M r Pop- 
ple last year. If the Collector shou'd not obtain, your 
uncle & you must stand hard & fast to prevent the 
Privy Council's giving in to the report of the Board of 
Trade for inlarging Dunbar's power, which wou'd be to 
supersede my commission in N w Hampshire, and what 
has never been granted to any of his predecessors. 

I have no doubt but the Bishop of Lincoln is very civil 
& kind to you. I have not been only so in words to his 
son, but have given him a place of £80 a year this money ; 
and I remember you once mention'd the Bishop's intention 
to give you a sinecure in his diocese. I took it as a com- 
pliment, and shall believe it when I see it. But I wou'd 
not have you, nor ever had I the least expectation of such a 
favour. No ! he has a great number of sons of his own to 
be provided for, and by the many titles of the Archdeacon 
in the front of Juvenal, and his endeavouring as many more 
for the Collector, I am convinc'd he is a very good, fond 
father, and if he had a hundred places to dispose of he 
has children enough to take 'em off his hands. However, 
his acquaintance & good esteem is an honour & service 
to you. 

Pray, give my humble service to the Hono ble M r Fairfax, 
and let him know it will be very well to refresh S r Rob* 
Wal pole's memory with his request for his kinsman's suc- 
ceeding the present Collector of this port,* who is much 

* John Jekyll. He died in Boston, Dec. 30, 1732, in the fifty-ninth year of his age, 
and ' for the space of about 27 years was Collector of His Majesty's Customs for the Port of 
Boston, and one of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the Counties of Suffolk and Mid- 
dlesex. He was a very free and hospitable Gentleman, and who discharged his Trusts to 
good acceptance, and his Death is very much lamented. Mr. JekylVs Funeral is to go to- 



broken in his health, is asthmatical, and I'm afraid won't 
live long. The late misfortune of his son Tommy at Ley- 
den bows him to the ground. He is a worthy gent m and 
my particular friend ; therefore what you say to the Corn- 
miss 1 * 8 must be with much prudence, for there can't be a 
better officer while he lives. But if he dyes before M r 
Fairfax I shou'd be much pleas' d with him for a successor. 
The salary is £100 st r a year, and I am told the perquisites 
amount to £1200 a year this money. You may read this 
paragraph to the Commiss r . 

Your uncle has drawn on me f Cary 100. 

M r Hart, he says, has remitted him 100. 

And so did I in my last £64, and $ the next shall £29, is 93. 

Is £293. St r 

And balances his ace" as he makes to — June last, but 
when I come to settle it, I think it will not be as he 
makes it. I again commend to you to be a very good 
husband, and have repeated to your uncle never to let you 
want what may be for your comfort & credit. I have 
shipt in Cap* Row 12 tuns of the best ore I have sent yet, 
— he sails in about 14 days. Its produce is to be remitted 
your uncle ; and I shall send another parcell this fall for 
the same purpose.* 

I receive with great pleasure from my Lord Westmor- 
land, M r Wilks, your uncle, self, & others, the account of 
your great diligence in your studies, and attendance upon 
all the courts. This is the highest instance of your filial 
duty ; and all I desire in return to my care & sollicitude 
for you is only that you wou'd use your best endeavours 
to lay a foundation for your own future welfare & honour. 

Morrow at Three of the Clock precisely, by reason that there is to be a Funeral Sermon 
preach'd at the King's Chappel." (The Boston Weekly News-Letter. From Thursday, 
Dec. 28, to Thursday, Jan. 4, 1733.) — Eds. 

* Governor Belcher was largely interested in the copper-mines at Simsbury, Conn. ; 
and very many of his letters relate to the management of the mines. He repeatedly com- 
plains that ho is cheated by the miners, and that he does not receive a fair price for the ore 
shipped to England. — Eds. 


I say, may God in mercy give you grace to consider the 
price you have in your hands, and a wise heart to 
improve it. 

I find the 14 of March last was 2 years since I enter' d 
you at the Temple, and the 27 of this month will be a year 
since you got to your studies & chambers there. M r Shir- 
ley is of opinion, and so am I (if you shou'd persevere in 
your course of diligence, & shou'd think it your advan- 
tage), that ways & means might be found with the favour 
of the Benchers to have you call'd to the barr in two years 
from this time. Of this you may consider, advise with 
your friends, & write me. 

It will now be too late for a letter to reach your late ex- 
cellent Uncle Oliver, who gave us the slip and flew to the 
blest abodes 23 of last month.* The loss to his friends 
and to the world is hardly reparable, and I can allow two 
centuries for the rise of such a Phoenix. May we follow 
him as he follow'd Christ, and I am sure we shall then 
be eternally happy with him in the blissfull presence of 
Father, Son, & Holy Ghost. Amen. 

Yours in all paternal affection. J. B. 

Boston, Aug 9t 12, 1732. 

I inclose you some extracts from the letters I have reed 
from the Duke of Chandos, L d Westmorland, M r Neal & 
Wilks, and my answer to those letters, which you'll read, 
and see the necessity of your delivering them at convenient 
junctures with your own hands. 

Bemember what one of the best of the heathen emperors 
said, — Nulla dies sine linea. That is, we must be full 
of vivacity. Action is the glory of a prince. We must 
always be up & doing. I say to you as the Boyal Prophet 
to his tender son, My son, the Lord be with thee & pros- 
per thou. J. B. 

$ Harris. Bennet. 

* Daniel Oliver, one of the Council, died July 23, 1732. His wife was a sister of Governor 
Belcher; and one of his sons, Andrew, was Lieutenant-Governor, and another, Peter, Chief 
Justice of Massachusetts. — Eds- 



My dear Son, — To discharge my promise, and for 
your better quiet & satisfaction, I come now to answer 
the hints I have had from your uncle & you on the score 
of matrimony. This is a serious affair, & ought to be 
turn'd over & over again, & view'd again & again on 
every side. The first institution of marriage was for the 
comfort & well being of man, and for the continuance of 
the world. Most certainly marriage is honourable & the 
bed undefiTd, and it's better to marry than to burn ; but 
by an upright walk with God, and a constant intercourse 
with him in prayer, he is able & willing to save us from 
temptation, and even to extinguish in a great degree the 
natural warmth of our constitutions, and to check the 
more suddain sallies & heat of youth ; and those that 
are not in circumstances to enter on such an important 
affair, I think, shou'd endeavour to make a covenant with 
their eyes 'till they can come into that state with a rea- 
sonable prospect of comfort & honour. These things I 
will apply to you particularly. I know you have a quick 
& gratefull sense of my care & affection for you from 
your infancy to your youth & manhood (perhaps few 
fathers have exceeded), and my view in sending you to 
the Temple was (if God pleas'd) that you might be 
settel' d in the world in proper time, and under easy 
& honourable circumstances, and in order thereto the 
prime of your youth must be devoted to a diligent pur- 
suit of knowledge in the profession you have chosen. 
The great S r Clement Wearg * liv'd almost unknown 'till 
he blaz'd into the world with great honour, and this is to 
be done, non vi seel scope legenclo. Difficillia quce pulchra. 
Labor improbus omnia vincit. But where & when will 
you find the opportunity for it, if incumber'd with a 

* Sir Clement Wearg was appointed Solicitor-General in February, 1724-5, and died 
in the following year. — Eds. 


wife & family? Had I thought nothing wou'd satisfy 
you but to marry at this immature age I had kept you 
here, and not 'a' been at the charge I am for your greater 
advantage hereafter. I cou'd have marry'd you here at 
any time to the top of your country. 

Your annual expence at present, tho' a single youth 
(& making no figure), you say must be £150 st r , which is 
£525 this money. Pray, then, consider what wou'd be 
the expence of the first year of matrimony. 


Furniture for a house 

Hire of a house 


Eating, drinking 

Firing, candles, &c a 

I leave you to put the sum £ 

and to consider where you'll get it. Solomon says a 
wise man sits down & considers the cost. It's doubt- 
less best to be upon the look out how & where things are 
to be had before we are driven to a necessitous want of 
'em. I shou'd think 5 or 6 years hence time enough for 
you to get into the charge & trouble of a family, the 
ceconomy whereof will be (I hope) much wiser at your 
riper years. And such a wife as may then make you 
happy you will find elegantly described in the 31 chap, 
of Proverbs, which you wrote out in short hand in your 
infant days. Pray, read it often, when you have a mind 
to be marry'd. 

That a man may be happy after he has done what he 
can never undo, he must take care in his choice, that the 
person be of 

Strict vertue — 

Good nature — 

Agreeable (no matter whether beautifull) 

Passable good sense (no matter whether over-quick & sharp) 

And a plentifull fortune. 



You'll observe what I put last, tho' a real, necessary in- 
gredient in matrimony. This last with the other four 
may make you happy, but it shou'd be far from your 
first view. A man will soon find himself miserable that 
makes money his first & principal choice. Yet the other 
four characters won't do without it. They must go to- 
gether, and I pray God it may be your lott to find such a 
wife when you are fit for one, and can by the blessing of 
God on your own industry honourably support her. I 
will still add that a fine, ingennuous good temper is of all 
other things the most admirable quality in a woman. As 
to the young lady with whom you seem at present so well 
pleas'd I will first of all say I am now turn'd of 50, and 
hope by the help of God to get comfortably along to my 
grave. Therefore when you have thoughts of altering 
your condition, don't put any political views with respect 
to me into either scale, but carefully observe what I have 
before written with respect to yourself, and all will be 
well. Notwithstanding the affinity of the young lady 
with the great personages you mention, yet I don't find 
in yours, or your uncle's what her fortune is.* Terms 
are stipulated for something to be secur'd to her; but in 
such cases there is always a fortune paid in hand in be- 
half of the lady, and I shou'd be glad you cou'd tell me 
in your next what that is to be ; whether so much cash 
down ? or, whether some of those great persons so nearly 
related to the lady are to secure to you a good & honour- 
able post for the support of the family ? If not, I have 
known a near relation of a very noble family want bread ; 
and I am not really so distrest (nor wou'd I have you) 
for a wife for you as to buy one. When a man makes a 
purchase, it is always suppos'd he has a valuable consid- 
eration for his purchase money. But if God please to 

* The lady here referred to was probably Elizabeth Cosby, daughter of Col. William 
Cosby, Governor of New York. She afterward married Lord Augustus Fitzroy, son of 
the Duke of Grafton. See Governor Belcher's letter to Richard Partridge, post, p. 306.— 


spare your life, save your vertue, & bless your studies, I 
hope you will in due time lay 'em in the opposite scale 
to a lady of £10,000 st r , with all the other qualifications 
I have mention'd. Pray, Jonathan, read and weigh all I 
have said with a duty equal to the true love & fondness 
with which I write ; read it to your uncle ; and I will 
still be ready to correct any thing that may be thought 
amiss or inconsonant to the rules of sound sense & rea- 
son ; and I will after all on your's & your uncle's very 
particular answer hereto submit myself, and give your 
uncle such prudent liberty to do for you on my behalf 
as that you may not miss an opportunity of marrying 
when it may be to great advantage, altho' it- shou'd be 
sooner than I propose. I am always, my dear child, 

Y r very loving father. J. B. 

Boston, Aug st 14, 1732. 

Lest you shou'd not take y e pains to read y e 31 chap, 
of Prov. my clerk has transcrib'd from y e 10 ver. & it's 

$ Harris. Bennet. 


May it please your Grace, — Since I had the hon- 
our of writing your Grace the 10 of July past, I have 
spent a month in the eastern part of this his Majesty's 
Province, viewing the King's forts in George's River, 
Kennebec, at Brunswic, Winter Harbour, & Saco Biver. 
I went up Kennebec Biver 20 miles above the fort, and 
so much further than there has been any English settle- 
ment, and up George's Biver 10 miles further than the 
fort or any settlement, and up Saco about 6 miles further 
than any settlement. Part of the travel I made in boats, 
and part by land, to get the better knowledge of the 
situation of the country. 

These rivers, my Lord Duke, all of them make good 
harbours for fishing, are full of many sorts of fish, and 


near the ocean for carrying on the cod-fishery, and are 
border'd with fine lands, plentifull of pines, white oaks, 
& other timber & woods, and this eastern part of the 
Province will in time make a noble addition to his Maj- 
esty's dominions in America. 

I had, may it please your Grace, at Falmouth, in Casco 
Bay, an interview & conference of 4 or 5 days with the 
several tribes of Indians in those parts, for ratifying the 
peace & further to confirm them in their duty & alle- 
giance to the British Crown. The Secretary is preparing 
a copy of what past at this interview to be transmitted 
to your Grace f the next convey a . In the mean time I 
am sorry to acquaint your Grace that most of the forts 
in that frontier are fallen to ruin, and hardly any ways 
defensable, and which I shall lay before the Assembly of 
this Province at their next sitting, that they may be put 
into such repair as may render them of some security to 
his Majesty's government and people. 

By one of the last ships I have reed from your Grace's 
office his Majesty's additional instruction for this Province 
& N. Hampshire, forbidding any future duty on British 
ships or goods. There was an instruction of this nature 
sent to one of my predecessors about 16 years ago, since 
which there has been no duty laid in this province on 
British goods or shipping. But at N. Hampshire there 
has been a law subsisting for 10 or 12 years past, and 
still does subsist, which lays a duty of a pound of powder 
a tun on all shipping but those of that Province, and I 
know no way to have that law repeal' d, unless the As- 
sembly wou'd do it, which I don't expect. But these 
instructions shall be communicated to both Assemblies 
at their next sittings, and be faithfully observ'd by me. 
I remain with the highest duty & deference, may it please 
your Grace, 

Your Grace's most faithfull & most obedient servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Aug st 14, 1732. 

# Harris. Bennet [With same to Lords of Trade.] 

1732.] TO FRANCIS WILKS. 173 


Dear S e , — My last was 26 June f Gerrald, since which 
I have yours of May 5 & June 15 T Prince & Cary. Since 
it's the King's pleasure I'm perfectly easy ab* the Leiu* 
Gov r that's appointed, but certainly there's no comparison 
between the men.* I am equally thankfull for your care 
in the matter, as if my nomination had succeeded. 

As to S r Rob* Clark's lands in the town of Oxford I 
know 'em well ; they lye about 56 miles from this town ; 
2000 acres he holds in right of his wife, and 2000 he 
bought of M r Thompson when I was in England. The 
whole 4000 acres are a tract of good land. I have rid 
over it once and again. I suppose you know S r Rob* 
gave M r Thompson 130 £ st r for his interest ; I helpt 
make the bargain & thought it a good one on S r Rob*' 3 
part. I think the 4000 acres in the present day & cir- 
cumstances worth at least £2000 this money. Whoever 
buys them must pay an arrearage tax on them of 30 odd 
pounds this money that's due to the minister of the town. 
They are certainly growing in value, and I think 'em a 
pen'orth at what I say. You must by no means let S r 
Rob* know that I write any thing ab* 'em. This division 
was all old Maj r Thompson's, and contains in the whole 
6000 acres ; one of S r William Ashurst's daughters owns 
the other 2000. She is marry'd and lives in the country. 
S r Rob* can tell you where. I shou'd think it best for 
you to have the whole division. I last winter return 'd 
S r Rob* the deed from M r Thompson recorded, & a new 
platt of the land on parchment. It may be well for you 
to ask for all things relating to it, if you purchase. 

I note you had past to my C r £50 for the half of the 
bill in comp a with M r Pemberton on Cap* Holdsworth, and 
£5 for my first dividend of M r Gale's estate ; as any 
thing further comes to your hands on that ace** you'll 

* See notes, ante, p, 162. — Eds. 


take care that I have the proportion of my debt (£21 st*). 
The particular acc tc you give me of my son at the Temple 
is pleasing and very obliging that you take so kind a 
notice of him. I hope with God's blessing on his honest 
industry he will in time make his way in the world in 
the profession he has chosen. I have order'd him to show 
you what I write about Dunbar. Pray observe it, and 
push for an order for his removal. I assure you, you can 
in no one article so establish your interest & honour 
with the whole country & all your particular friends as 
to get him remov'd. 

I hope you will not fail to obtain the royal leave for 
my signing the act sent you in June last for my support, 
and dispatch it to me by the first opportunity. I think 
it a severe case always to be kept six months out of my 
support while I am faithfully serving the King & strictly 
adhering to his royal orders. I depend you will therefore 
take care that the next leave be more general for my 
taking my support as it shall be voted me 'till the King's 
further pleasure. 

As to the supply of the Treasury, I really fear the 
obstinacy of some few in the House of Rep 8 will prove 
the ruin of the constitution & the country. I always was 
and am of opinion that the King's instruction is exactly 
agreeable to the Charter, and the wisest and most think- 
ing men of the Province are of that mind ; and if the 
Treasury be not open'd at the next session this people 
will run into all confusion. For my part nothing shall 
make me deviate from my master's orders. It will cer- 
tainly be best that you always write very plainly, fully 
& freely on these heads to the House, and not to mince 
any thing, which will be the readiest way to bring mat- 
ters to rights. As M r Pemberton formerly, & again about 
a month since, gave you orders for placing to his ace" the 
charge of M r Gambling's mandamus, £32. 9. 6, and M r 
Waldo has done the same about Waldron's I shall not 

1732.] TO JAMES BELCHER. 175 

doubt your paying M r Partridge £64. 19 st r according to 
those orders. I have lately reed M r Dennet's mandamus, 
for which M r Partridge says he has paid £29. 1. st r , 
which I pray you wou'd reimburse him, according to M r 
Pemberton's order to you for so doing more than 12 
months ago. I will justify the charge you make on this 
acc tfc to M r Pemberton, nor will he, you may be sure, 
make the least hesitation or difficulty about it ; only you 
must take care to send him M r Partridge's acc tfc & rec* of 
s d sum. So I hope when M r Partridge brings you this 
there will be no further delay in the matter. I wish you, 
S r , all the blessings of this and a better world, & remain 
Your affectionate friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Aug st 14, 1732. 
W Harris. Bennet. 


S E , — Some short time before I left London I reed your 
kind favour of 2 April from Dublin ; but my hurry at that 
time, and the great press of the King's affairs ever since 
have prevented me the pleasure I now take of owning it, 
and at same time of thanking you for the particular 
ace" of your family, which I find liv'd in the reigns of the 
two Charles's at Shipton-Olive in Gloucestershire, which 
joins to Wiltshire, in which is the little village of Kings- 
wood, where liv'd Robert Belcher, a weaver in the year 
1604, from whom I suppose myself to be descended, and 
was as far as I cou'd run up my family when I was in 
England in 1704. As to the family of Belchier at Giles- 
borough in Northamptonshire, who had the first honour 
of the arms we wear, I never cou'd find whether we were 
really related to them or had a just claim to the arms. 
But I am fully satisfy'd by what you write, and by my 
most carefull enquiry that you & I are of the same fam- 
ily; and you must give me leave to correct you in the 


difference of the words Belchier and Belcher, the latter 
being much more polite. The true signification of Belle 
is fine & Chier won't bear to be mention'd in English, but 
Cher is dear, tho' with the addition of an e it wou'd be 
cheer or entertainment. You will forgive me when I say 
you'll find yourself entirely out in the interpretation of the 
word Belchier, if you please to look into the French ; and 
I think you'll agree with me that Belcher has been a good 
reformation of the name, and is, as I find it (at the Her- 
aldry Office) us'd by my ancestors 128 years ago. I take 
notice that your sister Mary was marry' d to one John 
Gibbs, a soapboiler at Cirencester in Gloucestershire (at 
which place I was 24 years ago), and that some of that 
family settel'd in this town, in which I believe you are 
right ; for about 30 years since came hither one John 
Gibbs, a house-painter, from England. He dy'd many 
years ago, & has a son now living in this town, in good 
circumstances, and a sober young man. 

As to the arms I can't say but my ingraver may have 
mistook. I seal this with a larger seal than my last, for 
your more critical inspection. The motto wou'd be more 
proper if exprest thus, — Loyal Jusq aula Mort, and so 
I use it on my coach, tho' on my seal, Loyal au Mort, 
which, indeed, is the original. 

This I cover to my youngest son, now at the Temple 
(about 22 years old), who, after spending 7 years at our 
little Cambridge University, chose the study of the law 
for the business of his life. He has the pedigree of my 
family, as I got it 28 years ago from Wiltshire, Gloucester- 
shire, and the Heraldry Office, and I have order' d him to 
find you in Ireland or England, and transmit it to you 
(with this letter). And I shou'd be glad after reviewing 
it that you wou'd give me the most particular acc u you 
can of the family of Belcher. I see M r Clutterbuck (in 
whose office you was at Dublin) is got to the Admiralty 
Board in England ; but I suppose you may still be with 


his successor. My son will esteem the pleasure of your 
acquaintance or correspondence, as your affairs may lead 
you. There is one M r John Belchier, a cabinet maker in 
Paul's Yard, London, and William Belchier, his brother, 
an apothecary in Covent Garden, and Jam 8 Belchier, 
another brother, an inholder at Kingston upon Thames. 
All these gent m I know. They are men of good substance 
& figure, and I believe related to us. 

Ever since my arrival to this government I have done 
every thing in my power to support the King's honour, 
having at same time a tender regard to the rights & 
liberties of the people. Things are much easier in the 
government than they were 12 months ago, and I hope 
will be more & more so. May you be always happy full 
up to your own wishes ; and whenever you may believe 
it in my power to do you any service I pray you to 
command me with a great deal of freedom, & you'll 
oblige, S r , 

Your friend & very humble serv*. J. B» 

Boston, Aug"* 25, 1732. 

$ Bennet. Scutt. 


Dear Jonathan, — Altho' my letters of 12 & 14 ins* 
f Harris were so particular & large, yet I must now be 
adding, for I have a great desire (always hoping to be 
resign'd to the will of God) after your well-being. I 
wou'd therefore pray you to endeavour to be wise & patient 
in the great affair of matrimony, which effected, I am 
sure, wou'd cramp you in your studies, blast my schemes, 
& confine your future character. If you cou'd marry 
now to advantage, certainly with the blessing of God on 
4 or 5 years further hard study & labour that matter may 
be brought forward to your much greater advantage. 
Jonathan, think strongly & like a man (not like a precipi- 



tate youth) on all I have wrote in this matter, and I pray 
God to guide you with wisdom & to preserve & save you 
by his sovereign grace. 

May it not be proper for you to go, now & then, to hear 
D r Watts, M r Neal, Guyse, & Chandler, and to keep up a 
good acquaintance with them. Sometimes I went to hear 
D r Herrin at Lincolns In Chappel, who is a fine preacher. 

I now inclose copy of a letter I had from M r Jam 8 Bel- 
cher, from Dublin, who was then Secretary to M r Clutter- 
buck, Sec ry to my Lord Cartarett, the late Lord Leiu* of 
Ireland. M r Clutterbuck, I see, is since made one of the 
Lords of Admiralty, and whether M r Belcher be come to 
England or continues at Dublin I know not, but by S r T. 
Frankland you may come to a speech of M r Clutterbuck, 
and know where M r Belcher is. I think he is related, & 
seems by his writing to be an ingenious man. Bead my 
letter, & then let it find the way to him under your cover, 
with a copy of our pedigree, which I gave you at your go- 
ing away. 

My son, seest thou a man diligent in his business, he 
shall stand before kings ; he shall not stand before mean 
men. And yet the royal preacher tells you in caution, 
that much study is a weariness to the flesh. I therefore 
renew my charges, that you lard & intersperse your labour 
& study with a good proportion of such recreations as best 
sute your mind & body. I am more & more 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Aug 9t 25, 1732. 

$ Bennet. Foster. 


S R , — By yours of 1 curr" I have the particular acco" 
of your fine new House. I think it was well thought not 
to attend the Portsm° meeting. 

As to a suddain dissolution it must be consider' d, tho' I 


assure you I am ready to tread every tolerably prudent 
step that may gall 'em. I shall sedately read over the act 
that settles the Gov r ' s salary, and have also the opinion of 
the learned. And shou'd it not be as you say, yet there 
is sufficient provision for 18 months to come. As to the 
memorial to the Board of Trade, there's in it much folly 
& some nonsense. Pray, why shou'd any more time be 
lost before Atkinson be arrested for the £292 f acc tfc under 
his hand lying with you. Nothing can make things worse 
than they are. I am also for calling in the loan money. 
How can I answer it to let it lye as it does ? and I am for 
arresting the Scotch laird * for the £193 charged in his acc tfc 
without law. Pray think of these things. 

As to M r Dennett's mandamus, it's hard that I must be 
bound to pay it. By a late letter from my brother Par- 
tridge, he says it cost £29. 1. st r , which is £3. 8. 6 less than 
yours & Gambling's. I had not wrote for it if Gambling 
had not engag'd to see it paid for ; and it shall be the last 
I will trouble myself about. I remember when I was last 
at Portsm , you was doubtfull whether it wou'd be worth 
my while to come again in the fall. You must consider 
every journey to Portsmouth costs me £100 ; and to go 
thither only to come home again seems to me hardly wise. 
What say you ? I want much to talk with you, and by the 
next post I think to summon you to come hither to spend 
one evening, take a bed, and be gone in the morning. 

Yours. J. B. 

Boston, Sept' 4, 1732. 

I return you Husk's warrant seal'd. You have two 
ships from Spain. Tell him I'm afraid he oversleeps him- 
self. Let the inclos'd note find the way to Stroud Water. 
I have no money in England, & it's very hard to get it 
thither upon any terms, but I have prevail' d with M r 
Pemberton (who deals much in bills) to find a way to 

* Perhaps George Jaffrey, one of the Council. See Farmer's edition of Belknap's His- 
tory of New Hampshire, vol. i. p. 104, note. — Eds. 


answer for M r Dennett's mandamus, as you'll find by the 
inclos'd you are to deliver to M r Gambling. The next 
letter I write for a mandamus shall carry in it an order 
& credit sufficient to defrey the charge of it. 

J. B. 



S B , — The post brings me yours of 7 curr tfc from Dover. 
Notwithstanding your being oblig'd to wait on Madam 
Waldron eastward, it is almost necessary that you come 
hither first, which trip you may make with ease & comfort 
in 4 days. I will not detain you. If the charge of jour- 
neying be a stick I had rather pay it myself. These things 
must be well consider'd, — The dissolution ; My fall jour- 
ney ; The 292 £ & 193 £ ; Calling in the loan. And the 
advices I have by these last ships of N. Hampshire affairs, 
we may talk to better satisfaction in 3 hours than can be 
wrote in 3 days ; and as the time for your session will 
soon come, its best to have matters adjusted. I am glad 
M r Dennet will take effectual care by return of this post, 
because a ship sails to London next Mundaye. I remain, 

Hono ble S r , 

Your friend and servant. J. B. 

Boston, Sept r 11, 1732. 


My dear Son, — By Winsiow & Shepherdson I have 
reed your dutifull letters of 10 & 26 July, and take a full 
& particular notice of every paragraph in them. 

The letters I inclose from time to time for enlarging & 
establishing your acquaintance, you must always endeav- 
our to deliver when you can do it to your best advan- 
tage, taking care they don't become stale. M r Sandford 

1732.] • TO JONATHAN BELCHER, JR. 181 

in a letter to M r Jekyl says, — "And desir'd I wou'd 
bring your Gov r ' s son, M r Belcher, along with me to dine 
with him." And again, — " Please present my humble 
service to his Ex cy Gov r Belcher, and let him know I had 
the favour to receive his very obliging letter of the 20 
Nov r last, and I shall wait upon M r Belcher as often as he 
desires to take a dinner with his Hon r S r Joseph Jekyl." 
This I mention that you may see the notice the Master of 
the Rolls takes of you, as also of M r Sandford's respect, 
which you'll make use of as you judge most for your 
service, and let the latter have my most gratefull ac- 
knowledgments for his civility & friendship to you. The 
Bishop of Lincoln does so bind me to his service & in- 
terest by his paternal (for so I must stile it) regards to 
you, that you must tell him, he has so bankrupt the Gov r 
that I am not able to act up to my duty to him. You 
may assure his Lordship of every kind thing in my power 
to M r Reynolds, if he returns hither ; and I shall really be 
surpriz'd if my Lord has not interest enough to obtain the 
Leiutenancy, especially since the other is cold & indifferent, 
nay willing to quit. 

Every time I consider the affair of matrimony I am 
more confirm' d in all I have wrote about it ; depend on it 
whenever you enter into that state it brings a long train 
of constant cares with it. I don't say this as a final barr 
against it, for certainly the marriage state is of all others 
the most eligible & honourable, and what God has ordain'd 
for the good order & continuance of the world, and what 
you may observe, not only the vertuous, but the most 
vicious are in the end pleas' d with ; but I still think 5 or 
6 years hence will be a more sutable time o'day than the 
present. I hear the lady you last mention'd to me is like 
to be happy with the Cap* with whom she came. I am told 
she is a very compleat young lady, and I hope she will 
always enjoy her highest wishes. But really, Jonathan, 
by all I can hear & learn you are much more happy as 


you are than you cou'd a' been in accomplishing that 
matter. The expence of setling & after maintenance 
wou'd have intirely confounded you, and you must think 
with me, if you'll consider her birth, alliance, high & 
courtly education, and where was her fortune to support 
it. Your full share of my estate, living and dying wou'd 
a' gone but a little way (reduc'd into sterling money). 
Consider the expence I have been at and am still to give 
you the most profitable & most gentlemanly education ; 
look about you & see how many gent m in the enjoyment 
of so many advantages with their personal merit have in 
the end made their fortune at marriage. But then they 
have had patience to accomplish themselves. Think of 
Lord Barrington who I suppose at your time of life was 
without any foundation (I mean of estate), or of the rea- 
sonable views that you have. 

The green cushion which I mention'd to stimulate your 
ambition must not be expected instanter, but in a proper 
course of time. 

I thank you, my son, that you will read Judge Hales 
with attention, and still more that you will seriously pray 
to God to enable you to become in some degree a tran- 
script of his life. 

I think the Quakers have transmitted your uncle a 
gratefull account of my conduct towards them. 

A handsome letter from the Duke of N. Castle approv- 
ing my administration wou'd do me great honour & ser- 
vice here, and for which I shou'd not begrutch the money 
you mention'd. 

You are right that Coll 11 B — d — n supports his country- 
man in downright violation of the rules of common sense, 
reason, & justice ; your uncle & you must therefore 
have your dernier resort for my safety & honour to 
D. N. Castle, and the Lords of Privy Council, where I 
have no doubt of your obtaining justice. 

It's no fault (but a laudable pride & ambition) in you 


to look often with fond & longing eyes on the Lord 
C J & Lord C. 

I shall be expecting your annual expence made up to 
27 last month. 

I think in three years from your being fixt in your 
studies at the Temple I shou'd be content that you appear 
at the barr, and that will be 4J years from your being 

I find you are still desirous to cutt off your hair, in 
which I must first of all have your uncle's advice. For 
my own part I can't think a wigg will ever become you 
so well. After your having the small pox and wearing a 
wigg I thought it rather disfigur'd you ; but I shall govern 
myself in your answer to this, with what your uncle may 
say to me at same time. 

Give my humble service to M r Popple, and thank him 
for the stationary ware he deliver'd your uncle. I shall 
write him by the next. Teaze De la Faye handsomely 
'till he gives you a duplicate of what you have got from 

I shou'd be glad of a letter from M r H. Walpole or any 
other person of distinction. 

I like well the diversion of musick in your chambers, 
and if you are pleas' d with fencing & dancing, I think 
they are virile, wholesome exercises, and I will chearfully 
be at the charge over & above your Temple expence. 

As to H. C 8 * impudence & rudeness, they were always 
his native, natural characteristicks. The particular reason 
of his carriage at present I take to be from my securing 
myself in what I so generously lent his deed brother at 
London. As things are at present circumstane'd perhaps 
you have a better claim to the respect of mankind in your 
birth, education & fortune than he cou'd ever pretend to, 
and a silent, entire neglect & disregard to him will be a 
proper treatment. 

* His kinsman, H. Caswall. — Eds. 


As to an answer to M r Williams's letter I am indiffer- 
ent, and much pleas'd that you are resolv'd to contract 
your correspondence. If for the future it be almost con- 
fin' d to me (since you are oblig'd to write me so largely), 
I think it may be well enough, and everybody must excuse 
you, except a letter now and then to your mother. 

I am possitive M r Wilks may remove Dunbar, if he 
properly & vigourously pursues the orders of the General 
Court about the Eastern Lands. The King's order will 
of course & necessity be for him to withdraw, and then 
his Leiutenancy wou'd n't be worth his thought. 

You may assure your Scotch Society of all my best ser- 
vices for their interest. They have done you an honour, 
and I wou'd have you cultivate a very good acquaintance 
with them, in which I think you '11 find your account, as 
well for yourself as for me, — many of their Society being 
of the Scotch members of both Houses of Parliament. 
To get yourself, therefore, into their good graces will be 
a point of wisdom. 

As to the expence of the young gent m I mention' d to 
you,* I must first caution you against conceiving even a 
shadow of dislike or prejudice at him, or any other person 
whatsoever about it. I had the conversation with M r 
Sec ry Willard without mentioning your name, or any 
pointing at your expence (I knew better), but the matter 
was talkt freely & independent of you, and how to recon- 
cile the matter still is not in me, since the very last week 
the Sec ry repeated to me that his son's expence was all 
(the whole & every part) comprised in £ 100 st r f annum. 
Altho' I have a value for that young gent m , and by his 
letters to his father he writes handsomely, and seems to 
be in the Gov™ interest ; yet I hope what he says of 
spending £ 1000 st r in his whole voyage is an air, which 
imprudence I had rather he shou'd be guilty of than of 

* John Clark, a graduate of Harvard College in the Class of 1728, and stepson of Josiah 
Willard. See ante, p. 128. —Eds. 


making out what he says. Perhaps it wou'd be more than 
| of his whole fortune. This to yourself. 

I also wrote you that Judge Lynde and Judge Dudley 
never exceeded £120 st r each in their yearly expence 
while at the Temple. These things did n't drop from my 
pen in displeasure, but by way of instruction & exhorta- 
tion to your learning the art of a good oeconomist, which I 
tell you again will give you in the practice & reflection as 
much pleasure and (with the world) as much honour as 
any thing else besides. At same time I desire & expect 
you shou'd live as becomes a young gent m of your line & 
order ; and if £ 150 a year be not enough you shall have 

I am fully satisfy'd that your uncle intended the word 
pretty shou'd carry a very extensive sense, nor does any 
body tax you, nor do I think they can, with any want of 
a close & good application, for which I desire to be 

As to N. Hampshire affairs, I am content with the turn 
they may take, after my friends have done all in their 
power to prevent an ill one. 

I am much pleas' d with your religious reflection on the 
death of D r Calamy, & heartily wish his unhappy, un- 
thinking son may reap the fruit from it you so excellently 
point out. I have taken care he shou'd hear the very 
words. God, of His infinite grace, grant we may be all 
wise before it is too late. 

I have quite forgot M r Munday, yet shall write him by 
the next, and at same time will put on a brazen mask, 

and address my L d C J Raymond, by way of 

introducing you to him. I also intend to write to Duke 
of Argyle, Lord Hay, and some others in your favour. I 
shall not forget to write my good Lord Townshend, which 
shall cover one to him from his son, whom I treat with 
the tenderness of a father. My most humble service to 
Commiss 1 Fairfax. 



The canno & wolvering, I see, went to Duke of Montague. 

My Lord Barrington is a gent m of good sense and ad- 
dress. When you write him give him my humble service, 
and tell him I won't be long in his debt. 

I have order'd the Massachusetts Laws to be bound for 
you very handsomely, & I hope soon to send 'em. 

A Master's degree at Oxford, if you can have it ad eun- 
dem, that is, allowing you to be a Master of Arts, because 
you have taken the same degree at Harvard College ; I 
say such a degree wou'd be a great respect & honour done 
the College & you, and wou'd much facilitate your being 
called to the barr in two years from this time. You 
might make a good plea of it to the Treasurer of the 
Temple. Of this I discourst M r Shirley this morning. 
Therefore improve the thought, and obtain a degree ad 
ewidem, if you can. 

I see you intend to pay your respects to the Muses, and 
to address Milton's ghost for aid. 

I have a handsome letter from M r Hollis, to which I 
shall not long be silent. I am afraid I am not capable of 
serving his kinsman ; there is a part a man must act for 
himself, that nobody can act for him, — perhaps this may 
be the case of the young gent m M r Hollis mentions. 

I shall always be proud of Gov r Holden's favours, but 
much more of rendring him any real service, if it might 
ever fall in my power. 

You must salute M r Bellamy with my best & sincerest 
wishes for every happy circumstance in life ; and this I 
shall confirm with my own hand very soon, in answer to 
a favour of his. 

It's a great honour & pleasure that the Queen so well 
remember'd me, and reed you so kindly. 

I shall study occasions to return M r Piggot's obliging 
carriage to you. 

Your uncle writes the particular credit he gives me by 
M r Hart's remittance to you, which is well. And thus 


you see I have gone through the detail of your letters. 
And upon the whole I am determin'd to conduct your 
education by the rules of good reason, as far as I am able 
to discern & judge ; nor do I intend mine shall be the 
standard ; but I shall be willing to listen, even to yours, 
and always to such of my friends as are esteem' d men of 
reason & wisdom. 

My son, I cannot shut up this long letter without 
charging & commanding you to persevere (by the aids of 
Divine grace) in the ways of vertue and religion, and let the 
daily reading & study of the sacred oracles be your pleas- 
ure & delight. What sayes the Royal Psalmist ? The law 
of his God is in his heart : none of his steps shall slide. 
My great petition to the God of my life & yours is that of 
David for his Solomon, Give my son a perfect heart to 
keep Thy commandments; and let your soul answer, I 
have inclin'd mine heart to perform thy statutes. Then 
will Christ Jesus say to you, as to his church of Philadel- 
phia, Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I 
also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, that no 
man take thy crown. I will speak again in the words of 
the great Redeemer of the world to God's chosen people, 
Search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have 
eternal life. And what says the great Apostle of the 
Gentiles to his son Timothy ? — The holy scriptures are 
able to make thee wise unto salvation, thro' faith which 
is in Christ Jesus. May this be your happy portion thro' 
infinite grace & mercy. I am always, my dear, dear 

Your most affect father. J. B. 

Boston, Sep' 18, 1732. 
$ Prince. 



May it please your Lordship, — As it is a surprize 
to me while I am making this address, I am sure it must 
be much more so to your Lordship to see it from so per- 
fect a stranger. Yet when I consider that greatness & 
goodness seem to be rivals in your Lordship's shining 
character, and that the honour I am now doing myself 
arises from the fondness of a father to a distant son, I 
say while I think of these things it gives me some ease & 
a hope of pardon from your Lordship's candour & human- 
ity for introducing to your Lordship's presence & knowl- 
edge the bearer, my youngest son, who past 7 years of 
his life at our little Cambridge University, and then re- 
solv'd on the study of the law, in order to the practice, 
for the business of his life, to which end he is now at the 
Temple, and is also my agent at Court and at the publick 
offices. And if your Lordship will allow him now & then 
the great honour of paying his duty to you, and drop on 
him your advices in the study of the law, both the father 
& the son will have reason to bless your Lordship, and in 
which science I have good reason to believe no gent m is 
more capable to conduct him than my Lord Hay. I say 
your Lordship's smiles & countenance will not only give 
the youth an uncommon pride & pleasure, but a good 
foundation whereon to build his future fortune, and I 
shall with great gratitude esteem it a particular honour 
done me, my son, & whole family. He left me with good 
resolutions of vertue & diligence, which if he putts in 
practice I hope he may in time be some honour to his 
country & friends. 

The Society for propagating Christian Knowledge, in 
Scotland, have done him the honour of admitting him for 

* Archibald Campbell, Earl of Islay, and afterward third Duke of Argyle, was born in 
June, 1682, and died in April, 1761. He was at this time Keeper of the Privy Seal for Scot- 
land, and afterward Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland. — Eds. 

1732.] TO GEORGE BUNKER. 189 

one of their members, which Society I find your Lordship 
has honour'd with your patronage. They sometime since 
sent me a commission including 11 other gent m to be their 
correspondent members in these parts, and according to 
their instructions we are pursuing the interest of this 
noble charity by sending missionaries among the original 
natives of this country, with whom the Jesuits & other 
Popish preists are indefatigable to estrange them from 
any allegiance to the British Crown, as well as to make 
them inveterate against the Protestant religion. But 
this does not discourage the Society's Commissioners here 
who are resolv'd (by the help of Almighty God) to do 
everything in their power for delivering these poor 
wretches from the wicked, ridiculous superstition & 
idolatry of the Church of Rome. And this affair I rec- 
ommended to the General Assembly of this Province at 
their last session with good success, by their doubling out 
of the Publick Treasury the allowance of the Society's 
three missionaries to these Indians. 

May you, my Lord, always enjoy a great share of 
health, and may your precious life be extended to your 
own wishes, of which your King & country will reap the 
advantage, as you will the honour due to such superior 
merit. I desire to have the honour to remain, with the 
greatest deference & respect, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most obedient, most faithfull & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Sept' 19, 1732. 
iff Prince. 


S R , — As I am one of the Commiss rs for the Indian Cor- 
poration in England, I have had the opportunity of know- 

* George Bunker was senior Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for the County of 
Nantucket. He died Nov. 24, 1744. See Whitmore's Mass. Civil List, p. 113. — Eds. 


ing from time to time the difficulties that several min- 
isters who are preachers to the Indians met with, and 
among the rest those of the worthy M r White * at your 
island, and of whose circumstances I have also been in- 
form'd once & again by some of the rev'd 'ministers of 
this town. I understand he has been now about seven 
years at Nantuckett and preaches (twice every Lord's 
day) to a congregation of between 2 & 300 souls, among 
which you are one of the principal, and I find his cheif 
support hitherto has been from private funds, arising out 
of collections & subscriptions in and about this town, and 
from the abovemention'd Commissioners, and altho' there 
are about 60 men that attend on his preaching, yet he 
has been oblig'd to support himself for near 2 years past 
wholly by his school ; and the funds from whence he 
formerly reed considerable being now exhausted, he is at 
present under great discouragm*, not seeing how he shall 
subsist himself & family, but thinks he must be oblig'd to 
come away. Upon the representation of these things I 
sent for him, and have had a long talk with him, and told 
him he must by no means think of leaving you. He bears 
an extraordinary character among the ministers here for 
a gent m of good learning & religion, and of great modesty 
& humility. I therefore think that the whole island, and 
particularly those that attend him at the publick worship 
have a great blessing in him, and I hope you will all think 
so, and show him your respect & affection by being willing 
to make him able to live & to do his duty among you. 
And as it has pleas'd God in his providence to set me in 
the station of a father to my country, and whereas I have 
conceiv'd so good an opinion of your knowledge, vertue & 
religion as to make you the principal person in the civil 
government of your island, I shall not doubt your inclina- 
tion & care to justify my conduct, and thereby to honour 

* Timothy White was born in Haverhill Nov. 13, 1700, graduated at Harvard College 
in 1720, went to Nantucket, and died Feb. 24, 1765. — Eds. 

1732.] TO JOSEPH KELLOGG. 191 

yourself in employing your power & influence to counte- 
nance & encourage true religion and the publick worship 
of God among the people where you dwell. This I think 
will be the best foundation whereon to build the lasting 
welfare & prosperity of yourself & family here, as well as 
their highest happiness hereafter. Nor indeed can good 
order & civil government be long supported in humane 
societies without a just & proper regard to the honour & 
glory of God, in upholding his religion & worship. Wou'd 
it not be greatly to the advantage of all that attend on 
M r White to have a church gather' d & to have him 
ordain'd for your pastor & teacher, that you might have 
the favour & blessing of the administration of the seals 
of the covenant for yourselves & for your children? 
Pray, consider seriously of all I have said, and how easy 
& light a thing it is to maintain a Gospel minister if it 
pleases God to incline your hearts. You will think the 
charge but a trifle. I have thot it my duty to say thus 
much, and I pray God it may have the desir'd effect, and 
then I am sure neither you nor I shall repent of what I 
have thus written. I wish you the blessing of this & a 
better world, and am, S r , 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 3, 1732. 
# M r Gardner. 


Cap t Kellog, — M r Ebenez r Hinsdel brings me a letter 
of 29 Sept r , I suppose from you, tho' it's not sign'd. The 
two sachems gave me the same account of Crown Point 

* Capt. Joseph Kellogg was born in Hadley Nov. 8, 1691. In 1703 he was taken cap- 
tive by the Indians at Deerfield, and carried to Canada, where he acquired a great famil- 
iarity with the Indian languages and customs. In 1714 he returned home, and from that 
time forward he was almost constantly in service on the frontiers. For many years he 
commanded at Fort Dummer, and he was considered the best interpreter of his day in New 
England. In 1756 he accompanied Governor Shirley on his visit to the Indians, but died on 
the journey, and was buried at Schenectadv. See Temple and Sheldon's History of North- 
field, pp. 228, 229. — Eds. 


which you do. The Commiss™ here for the Society in 
Scotland have had a full talk with M r Hinsdel who ex- 
presses himself much inclin'd to be a missionary among 
the Indians about Fort Duramer,* and has accordingly 
reed a commission from the Scotch Commiss" to go upon 
that service, as he has from me to be chaplain of your fort. 
His mission to the Indians is a great & important affair, 
and I hope he will seriously & diligently devote his whole 
life to it, in which good & laudable undertaking I pray 
God to succeed & prosper him abundantly, and as his 
greatest encouragement he may always remember that 
he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way 
shall save a soul from death & shall hide a multitude of 
sins, and they that turn many to righteousness shall shine 
as the stars forever & ever. I desire you to show him all 
proper respect & countenance, & particularly to assist him 
in learning the Indian language, & in his conversing with 
the Indians that may come to the fort from time to time. 
I am, S r , 

Y r assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Oct' 7, 1732. 
tf M r Hinsdel. 


Cap t Kellog, — I believe you are not ignorant that in 
June last Cap* Tim Dwight survey'd & platted for me 
500 acres of land near Northfeild, which was to fullfill to 
me a grant of the Province, and the survey & platt have 
been accepted by the General Court and the land has been 
accordingly confirm' d to me, part of it being what is 
called Merry's Medow, some of which I was told had fine 
wheat growing on it, when laid out to me, and altho' I 
was loth to take away the fruit of the men's labour at 

* Ebenezer Hinsdell, a graduate of Harvard College in 1727, was for many years chap- 
lain at Fort Dummer. He appears afterward to have been in the military service. See 
Temple and Sheldon's History of Northfield, passim. — Eds. 


that time, yet I will by no means suffer anybody to go 
on to trespass on my land, and the reason of what I write 
now is from my being told that some persons have pre- 
sum'd to sow some of my land again. I therefore desire 
you to find them out, and let me have an answer as soon 
as you can that I may prosecute them in the law. I am 
sensible that the town of Northfield has made a pretended 
claim to some of this land, but I know very well they never 
had a grant for an acre of it ; nor does it by a great way 
come within any of their bounds, and if they are minded 
to put themselves to trouble & charge (which I think they 
had better avoid) I am resolv'd to defend my right and to 
have the matter determin'd in the law without any loss 
of time. As you live pretty near it, your care in this 
matter will be taken kindly by, S r , 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, Oct'l 9, 1732. 
tf M r Hinsdel. 


Hono ble S R , — I blush & ask a thousand pardons that I 
have not done myself the honour of writing you from 
hence since my arrival ; but while I consider that you stand 
every day in the King's presence, and when you please in 
his Privy Council, I am sensible you can be no stranger 
to the many fatigues & difficulties I have met with in the 
opposition of the people of this Province to the King's 
royal orders to me in the affairs of this government, which 
has been one reason of my not doing my duty to M r Edg- 
cumbe before now. Yet I assure you, Sir, I have not been 
idle in the business you committed to my charge just before 

* Richard Edgcumbe, afterward first Baron Edgcumbe, was born in 1680, and died 
Nov. 22, 1758. He entered Parliament in 1701, and at two different periods was a Lord of 
the Treasury. He was a steadfast supporter of Sir Robert Walpole, and in 1742 was made 
a peer to prevent his being compelled to testify in regard to the secret service money. 
He was the father of Dick Edgcumbe, the friend of George Selwyn and the younger Horace 
Walpole. See Dictionary of National Biography, vol. xvi. p. 377. — Eds. 



my leaving S fc James's. For I have been often enquiring 
ab l your lands in this Province, but cou'd get no satisfac- 
tion 'till about two months agoe, when I was oblig'd to 
make a tour into the eastern parts of this Province for 
an interview with the several tribes of Indians on those 
frontiers, and I then took the opportunity of getting the 
best information I cou'd about your estate in those parts, 
and accordingly went & view'd what is suppos'd to be 
that tract of land mention' d to begin at the entrance of 
the next river to Sagadahock. It lyes on a river called 
Bungonungomug (an Indian name) and makes a part of 
Casco Bay. It's good land & well wooded, with red oak, 
white ash, maple, birch, pines & firrs, but little white oak. 
The wood & timber are near to water carriage, and so 
valuable. That part of this Province settles apace, and 
the lands will accordingly grow in value. But there may 
be some danger to your right by new towns that do & will 
border upon you, particularly from a town called North 
Yarmouth, lately setteld, bounding on your land, and who 
talk of dividing it among themselves, as supposing it com- 
prehended in an ancient grant of this Province to them, 
which I don't think they will be able to make out ; yet 
it's best to stop such things in the bud ; and upon your 
answer hereto, if you think proper to be at the charge, I 
wou'd get a skillfull surveyor to measure your land anew, 
and make effectual & substantial bounds, and then have 
a platt made & sent you ; and when these things are done, 
were it mine, I wou'd build a small house & barn for a 
tenant to go on & cultivate part of the land & keep 
possession of the whole. What I propose may cost you 
about 100 guineas for the security of your right to up- 
wards 5000 acres of land. For if it lyes still in common 
with the rest of the wilderness, those that join to you will 
be making incroachments & in the course of time may give 
you a great deal of trouble in your right & property. 
As to the other parcel of land mention'd to be near the 

1732.] TO THE DUKE OF ARGYLE. 195 

lake of New Somersett, and to contain 8000 acres, I can- 
not yet find it or satisfy myself about it, but shall make 
further enquiry. In faithfullness therefore to your interest 
I have said thus much, and you'll please at your leisure to 
give me your directions to which I shall conform, and shall 
be glad it may fall in my power to render you any agree- 
able service in this part of the world. 

I am, Sir, under great obligations to M r Edgcumbe for 
his kind assurances of serving me, as it might lye in your 
way at Whitehall, upon which I now take the freedom of 
introducing to your knowledge the bearer, my youngest 
son, who is at the Temple in the study of the law, and 
is my agent at Court and at the publick offices, to whom 
if you will allow the honour of paying you his duty & 
obeisance now & then, and that he may hope for your 
smiles & countenance, it will not only give the father & 
son an uncommon pride & pleasure, but the young gent m 
a much better foundation for his setting out in the world. 
I wish you a great deal of health, long life, & honour, be- 
ing with all possible esteem & respect, S r , 

Your most obed fc & most humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 18, 1732. 
$ Homans. 


My Lord Duke, — About a month since I did myself the 
great honour of addressing your Grace, & order' d my son 
at the Temple to pay his duty to your Grace, & to deliver 
it when he might be admitted to that honour. I humbly 
beg your Grace's pardon for the charge I give him of this. 
Having lately had a treaty on the frontiers of this Province 
with the several nations of Indians to renew their submis- 

* John, second Duke of Argyle (born in 1678, died in 1743), was distinguished alike as 
a soldier and a statesman, and has been immortalized by Pope in a well-known distich, — 

" Argyll, the state's whole thunder born to •wield, 
And shake alike the senate and the field." —Eds. 


sion & allegiance to his Majesty, one of the sachems (or 
chiefs) presented me with a white otter, which is rarely 
found in these parts of the world. I have got it made 
into the handsomest muff I cou'd, which we are oblig'd to 
wear in this cold climate, and may serve to cover your 
Grace's hands when you travel into Argyleshire. Your 
Grace's acceptance of this trifle will be laying me under 
the obligation of always remaining with the highest 
esteem & respect, may it please your Grace, 

Your Grace's most dutifull & most faithfull humble 
servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct' 18, 1732. 
$ Homans. 


My Lord, — I did myself the honour of addressing your 
Lordship about a month since, and at same time order'd 
my son at the Temple to pay his duty to your Lordship, 
and to beg the honour of delivering it with his own hands. 
I am not able to express how much will be the honour, 
& how great the obligation of your Lordship's smiles & 
countenance to this young gent m . 

I humbly beg your Lordship's pardon for presuming to 
beg your Lordship's acceptance by his hands of the Body 
of Laws made from time to time by the General Assem- 
blies of this Province for the better ordering of his 
Majesty's subjects here, in which you will also find the 
constitution of this governm fc from the Crown. And 
altho' your Lordship is so great a master of the laws of 
G fc Britain, yet those of this petit government may be of 

* Sir Robert Raymond, created Lord Raymond in 1731, and made Lord Chief Justice of 
the Court of King's Bench, died April 15, 1733, in his sixty-first year, having held office less 
than two years. (See Lord Campbell's Lives of the Chief Justices.) A duplicate of this 
letter, mutatis mutandis, was sent to Lord Islay; and letters in very nearly the same terms, 
and with the same gift, were likewise sent to Lord Chancellor King, to Sir Philip Yorke, 
Attorney-General, to Charles Talbot, Solicitor-General, and to Sir Joseph Jekyll, Master of 
the Rolls. — Eds. 


some amusement to your Lordship, and perhaps of some 
service whenever the affairs of this his Majesty's Province 
may lye before you in judgment at the Privy Council or 
elsewhere. I will, however, beg your Lordship to accept 
this small offering, at least as an instance of the great 
esteem & value I have, and shall ever preserve, for your 
Lordship. I am, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Ocfcl8, 1732. 
# Homans. 


My dear Son, — I wrote you very full & particular 18 
& 19 ult 1 T Prince, which I now confirm & referr to. For 
the future I shall save myself & you the trouble of dupli- 
cates, not having hitherto had the misfortune of the mis- 
carriage of an original. 

It is with much pleasure that I sit down to answer 
yours of 12 Aug st past, T Crocker, in which I am glad to 
find you so sensible of the advantages you enjoy, and of 
the happy opportunities a good & gracious God indulges 
you with, and altho' for your better education & settle- 
ment in the world you must live at so great a remove 
from my verbal instructions, yet while God spares my 
life & health you will find yourself indelibly ingraven on 
the heart of a sincerely affectionate father by the con- 
stant droppings of my pen, and to which I am sufficiently 
encourag'd by your good attention to my advices. You 
must be sensible, my dear son, that all my care & pains 
towards you centre in that one point of your -substantial 
happiness here & hereafter. May you then be constantly 
kept by the power of sovereign grace from the snares of a 
polluted world. May your conscience be always tender, 
awake, & alive. Then will you persevere in a gratefull 
thirst after the instructions of your father, and as often 


as I have occasion to write you, Oh, that God wou'd in- 
spire you with a double portion of wisdom & understand- 
ing, and give me the tongue of the learned to know how 
to speak to you in season,. and may he waken your ear to 
hear as the learned. Then shall my doctrine drop as the 
rain ; my speech shall distill as the dew, as the small rain 
upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the grass ; 
so shall you be a wise son, making a glad father. I 
earnestly recommend to you a repeated course of reading 
the Old Testament, from Genesis to the end of Malachi, 
in Latin, and the New from S fc Mathew to the end of the 
Revelation, in the Greek ; and buy Solomon's Proverbs & 
Ecclesiastes in octavo sheets, and bind them handsomely 
for a Vade Mecum. You can't read them too often, be- 
cause you'll every day gain from them some new sub- 
stance & discover some new beauty. Always remember 
that nothing can give a more natural turn to the health 
of your soul & body than a sober, temperate life. 

I shall now go on to answer the several paragraphs of 
your letter, and am surpriz'd that M r Reynolds shou'd 
have been in London near 3 weeks, and not have paid his 
duty to his father. Since Dunbar has wrote home to quit, 
I shall be apt to imagine that the Bishop don't incline to 
his son's return hither, or that his interest is more slender 
than ever I imagin'd, if he can't get him into the N. Hamp- 
shire Leiutenancy, which is such a trifle, attended with 
no charge from the Crown, nor is it worth (viis et modis) 
sixty guineas a year. I wou'd therefore still hope my 
Lord of Lincoln will succeed in getting M r Reynolds that 
commission & in bringing him under the most sacred in- 
junctions to observe the Gov r ' s advices & directions in his 
whole conduct ; for I am so full of gratitude to the Bishop 
that I wou'd be glad to be a father & a brother to his son. 
I am glad his Lordship takes so kindly what I thought 
myself oblig'd to let him know,* and thank M r Chancellor 

* See ante, pp. 155, 157, and post, p. 476. — Eds. 


that he also took the hint with so much good sense, and 
with the same friendship that I intended it. I don't re- 
member ever to have seen the young woman ; but upon a 
further enquiry I was told her person is agreeable, and 
was assur'd at same time that she bears a character for 
vertue & religion, and that it was her fault (not M r Rey- 
nolds's) they were not marry'd, and that she said altho' 
his birth, education, & fortune were so very superiour to 
hers, yet she wou'd not steal him or marry him without 
his father's knowledge & consent. I think myself bound 
in honour to say thus much in justice to the woman ; and 
yet after all I shou'd have thought a consummation of the 
matter a ruinous turn in M r Eeynolds's life, the family 
being low & mean in every circumstance. She is grand- 
daughter to Coll 11 Walton.* I am well pleas'd that you 
make a trip now & then to Bugden, which may add to 
your health & knowledge. 

I observe you had been presented in form to S r Gilbert 
Eliott, the chairman of your Scotch Society, to whom I 
desire you to make my best compliments when you have 
opportunity, and let them know my heart is much ingag'd 
in promoting the noble design they are upon. We have 
got two missionaries already, M r Joseph Seccombe, plac'd 
at the fort in George's River, in the Eastern parts & M r 
Ebenezer Hinsdell at Fort Dummer in the Western fron- 
tier of this Province ; and another in view for Richmond 
Fort in Kennebec River, at the Eastward ; that the Sec ry 
to the Commissioners here will be able in a little time to 
write our honourable principals a pleasing acco** of the 
progress we make in this affair. 

I find myself again under great obligations to the 
Master of the Rolls for his particular civility to you, and 
for the assurances of his good offices to me as it may fall 
in his way. I desire you to give him my duty & humble 
thanks. If he shou'd repeat the invitation of your spend- 

* One of Shadrach Walton's daughters, Elizabeth, married Henry Keese. — Eds. 


ing a day or two with him in the country, it may be an 
honour & advantage that you fall in with it. Pray, make 
my best service acceptable to M r Sandford, and let him 
know I take a most gratefull notice of his friendship to 
you, and wish he wou'd put it in my power to give him 
some real proof of my respect. I don't find any mention 
of M r Speaker of the Commons in your late letters. I 
charge you not to let him lose the knowledge of you. 

In your letter to your mother you seem to be fond of a 
wigg ; I desire to have your uncle's opinion in the matter, 
and you shall have my determination. 

I am glad to find you have done with the notion of 
matrimony ; 5 or 6 years hence I think will be full time 
enough for that. The cares of that life wou'd intirely 
confound your studies, and since I have lately wrote so 
largely on this head I need not add to a young gen tm of 
reason & reflection. But to commit matrimony with the 
august House of Commons of G fc Britain arises in you 
from noble views & a glorious ambition. In this let me 
say, as Cato to his Portius, My boy does his duty. Yet 
there is great thought to be us'd in this affair. In what- 
ever line or sphere of life you move, you must resolve to 
make some figure. Pray, then, consider what a number 
of the most polite genius's of the age sit in that assembly, 
who will be your observers & criticisers. It will then be 
a duty to yourself, as well as to the borough you may 
represent, and I shou'd say above all, to God & your 
country, to get yourself well grounded in the Roman his- 
tory, as well as that of Europe, and of G fc Britain in par- 
ticular, that your part of all debates may be wisely 
conducted, & issue in the good of mankind & more espe- 
cially in that of your country. You say, some sit there 
at present of greener years ; but that really weighs but 
little with me. As there are in that House the most 
sparkling witts, so there are some worthless creatures, to 
which number I hope you'll never be added. Nothing 


certainly wou'd be more acceptable to me than to see you 
of the House of Commons of G fc Britain. But I am de- 
sirous to form you into a great man, and to make you 
usefull & necessary to every society whereof you may be 
a member. Then you will reflect honour on yourself, 
your father, & all to whom you are related, as well as 
become a creature of distributive goodness to the world, 
& of particular service to your own interest & that of 
your friends. But really, Jonathan, I am afraid you 
cannot be qualifyed to get there so suddenly as you speak 
of. You are but turn'd of 22, and if God spares your life 
& you become eminent in your profession, the election 
after this next, methinks, wou'd be a better time of life 
to get upon one of those green cushions than now. I 
must repeat to you prudens qui patiens ; and pray remem- 
ber tantce molis erat Eomanorum condere gentem. Such 
great things are not to be accomplisht instantaneously. 
My present care is that you may in time be an honour to 
Elm Court, but running on too many things at once may 
break your genius, and make a hodg podg of your studies. 
In the time of Lewis the 13 of France Cardinal Richelieu 
was his prime minister (and one of the greatest the world 
has produc'd), and when his master had set him a task, 
while he was pursuing the business with great intenseness 
the King propos'd another affair to him. But with great 
deference and in a very handsome manner he reprov'd the 
King by looking steadily on a table of papers relating to 
the affair the King had set him about, & pointing to 'em 
said to his Majesty, Totus Cardinalis in illo ; the English 
whereof may be, I am resolv'd, Sir, to serve you faithfully, 
and do what you set me about most effectually. The 
Italian adage may also serve for your instruction, — 
Deliver me from the man of one business ; that is, If he's 
engag'd in a business that I wou'dn't have succeed, & 
sticks close to that and that only I'm afraid he '11 gain his 
point. So I hope will you in the study of the law, if you 



don't allow your thoughts to divide & flutter, but keep 
them well connected & cemented in the business which 
you design for the stay & support of your life. I am 
sensible the Bishop of Lincoln's interest may be of great 
service towards your election, and how will you ? or how 
shall I ? express a sufficient gratitude for the Chancellor's 
generous friendship. I intend to give my sense of such 
an uncommon favour in a letter to him f next convey*. 
Your good uncle writes me what must be done on my 
part as a qualification for your having a seat in the House 
of Commons, which wou'd be a great way for me to go 
towards your advancement in the world ; yet I am deter- 
min'd when it shall be proper not to stick at it. Read to 
your uncle what I write on this head ; let him weigh 
every line, and if you & your uncle think well of it, read 
it also to my Lord of Lincoln and the Chancellor, and 
pray each of 'em to think on it sedately, and so do you, 
and let me have the result free from any biass in your 
favour, — I mean from their or your fondness from the 
feather of being at so green an age a member of Parlia- 
ment ; and I really think you will all, upon the whole, 
conclude with me, that it will be best that you don't at- 
tempt the matter till the third election that will be from 
K. G. 2 ds accession (I mean 8 years hence). Yet if the 
determination among you shou'd be otherwise, I will sub- 
mit & do every thing in my power for your qualification. 

I inclose you a paragraph of M r Commiss r Fairfax's last 
letter to me, & a compleat copy of M r Guyse's. Pray, go 
now & then & visit M r Guyse at his house. The great 
respect he expresses to you deserves a very mannerly & 
gratefull return. 

Meeting a few days since (in the British Compendium) 
the late Lord Lechmere's patent for peerage I have copy'd 
& inclose it for your reading, and markt the clauses which 
I hope you'll in time be able to imitate, and you'll pres- 
ently see it may n't be impossible for you to get beyond 


a Commoner, at least it's a venial pride to aim at the 
summit of goodness & greatness.* How does the soaring 
eaglet beam from his eyeballs in a sort of rivalship with 
the dazling rays of light itself. 

Dear Jonathan, the inclos'd to L d Chancellor, D. of 

Argyle, Earl of Hay, L d Ch. J Raymond, S r Joseph 

Jekyl, Attorney & Sollicitor General will make you con- 
clude I never forget you. With the muff for D. Argyle, 
I send the relicks of the skin out of which it was cut, that 
his Grace may see it was really an otter, for it's a great 
rarity among the quadrupeds. I am sensible muffs are 
out of fashion in England, yet as I knew not into what 
shape better to dispose the skin I have done thus, and 
the ring weighs about 2 guineas, so that take the thing 
together, it may serve as a present from a country that 
produces nothing that is curious. The law books you will 
find directed as I design 'em, and you must watch the 
most lucky opportunities of delivering every thing to 
your best advantage. Nor are you ignorant how much 
it imports you to make a genteel court to the gent m of 
the long robe. 

The inclos'd Daily Postboye I had from your uncle w 
Crocker, and now inclose it to you, that you may observe 
the paragraph from Oxford ; and to get a Master's degree 
there ad eundem will certainly be best of all. 

Send me T the first ship in the spring the books you'll 
see markt in this Post Boy. Let them be handsomely 
bound, and add to them the British Compendium com- 
pleat, which is an History of the Nobility, with an addi- 

* The ship by which this letter was sent did not sail so early as Governor Belcher expected 
she would, and October 27 he wrote a short letter to his son to go with it. In his second letter 
he writes: " Altho' you may talk freely with the Bishop, the Chancellor, your uncle, & 
other particular friends upon the affair of your being sometime or other a member of Par- 
liament & of still better things in your thots, yet that excellent Italian proverb must be 
always fresh in your memory, and a great rule of your conduct, Secrecy is the soul of 
business. It is much better the world shou'd know a thing when in esse than when in fieri. 
For mankind is wicked, full of ill nature & envy, and when a man misses his aim they are 
full of sneer & ridicule ; that it's best for a man to keep himself to himself as much as pru- 
dently he may." — Eds. 


tion of heraldry. Give them to your uncle to ship, and 
desire him to place the cost of them to my acc tfc . 

The Hono ble M r Edgcumbe is a gent m of fine sense & 
witt, a great favorite at court, Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, 
and able to do you good,* has a great deal of good nature, 
and you'll be pleas' d with his acquaintance ; therefore 
give him his letter at a lucky juncture. 

The 4 half bb r8 of cramberries with the niapps & pros- 
pects of Boston dispose of in my name thus (or just as 
you think better), — 

To D. Argyle, a map & prospect. 

L d Hay, ditto 

L d Wilmington, ditto & cask of cramberries. 

M r Tho 9 Hollis, ditto ditto 

M r Sandford, a cask of cramberries. 

The other for your uncle & self. 

Be always as vivacious as your constitution will bear, 
& keep up your acquaintance with everybody as much as 
you can and think prudent to do. 

I kiss you in an indearing manner, and remain, my 
dear son, 

Your tenderly loving father. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 20, 1732. 

You must forgive my correction of a Master of Arts of 
Harvard College in his diction. You say, his Lordship 
resents such a singular favour. You must observe the 
word resent is a N. England phrase hardly known in the 
polite world where you are, and is by all modern authors 
us'd in an ill sense, as when a man is angry or provok'd. 
You shou'd have said, his Lordship accepts or esteems it 
as a singular favour. And in the last clause of your 
letter you take the freedom of coining the word scituated, 
which shou'd be situated from situs, deriv'd from the verb 

* See note, ante, p. 193. — Eds. 

1732.] TO ISAAC WATTS. 205 

sino, which is to suffer, permit, &c a ; the participle signi- 
fyes situate, set, plac'd, &c a . 

I don't find you had seen Cap* Protheroe, or mine T his 
hands of 17 June. Take care of D. of Chandos's from 
M r Harrison. 

Yours as above. J. B. 

$ Homans. 


Eey d & dear Sir, — In Aug st last I had the favour of 
your few lines from Lime Street of 4 May, with your 
ingenious & pious lamentation on the immature (or un- 
timely) death of that fine Christian, M rs S. Abney. God, 
indeed, in his unerring wisdom orders every thing at the 
best time, yet to speak after the manner of men her 
death was untimely to the world & uncommonly so to 
those who were happy in her relation and acquaintance. 
I did with great pleasure admire her wise & genteel de- 
portment at Tunbridge, and now & then I saw her at Court, 
and every thing from her & about her seem'd to be season' d 
with a peculiar modesty, grace, & piety, and her conversa- 
tion was adorn'd with a good knowledge of the world & 
things. But dear Doct r , I must not provoke you or any 
of her surviving friends to new grief. I doubt not but she 
has dropt anchor within the veil, and will ride eternally safe 
in those rivers of pleasure that flow at the right hand 
of God forever & ever, and this she has gain'd thro' a 
sincere, unfailing repentance for all sin, together with 
an absolute faith & relyance on the spotless righteousness 
& the meritorious death & satisfaction of a sacrificed 
Saviour ; and may God of his infinite mercy & grace enable 
us to follow her in the imitation of a holy Jesus. Amen. 
I heartily condole with you & his bereav'd flock in the 
death of the excellent D r Calamy, who was a faithfull 
labourer in his Master's vineyard, and I doubt not is enter' d 
into the joy of his Lord, there to live forever & rejoyce 


in the blissfull, extatic vision of Father, Son, & Holy Spirit, 
with a great number of the seals of his ministry, which 
serve as glittering gems in that immercessible crown of 
glory which the Lord, the Righteous Judge gives to all 
them that love his appearing. 

I know, Sir, the station God has set me in is surrounded 
with snares & difficulties, & requires great care & thought. 
Bow then your knees with mine to the Fountain of Grace 
& Wisdom, that I may so conduct my administration as 
most of all to advance the glory of God with the weal & 
happiness of his people. Then shall I at last be able to 
give up a joy full acc tfc of the talents committed to my trust. 
God grant it may be so for the sake of Jesus Christ, my 
Lord & powerful Advocate. 

I am greatly oblig'd for the respect you express to my 
son, who I hope has had the pleasure of finding you. And, 
my dear friend, you can in nothing so bind me to your 
service as in dropping your serious & solemn counsels to 
this young man, expos'd in a wild, wicked world, far from 
the ken & observation of a sollicitous father. Yet I dare 
not be too anxious. God is everywhere; and with faith 
& prayer I can quietly leave him at the footstool of 
Sovereign Grace & Mercy. 

27 May last I had the pleasure of writing you & to 
excellent Lady Abney, which I hope found their way. At 
a leisure hour I shall always esteem your fav ra . 

May the God of the spirits of all flesh revive your health, 
& strengthen your tender, crazy constitution. And may 
the great Head of the C hh replenish you continually with 
the effusions of his holy spirit for the better edifying 
the body of Christ, and at last receive you to the general 
assembly & c hh of the First Born, and to the spirits of just 
men made perfect. This is, & shall be, the hearty prayer 

of, S<, 

Your affectionate friend & very humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 20, 1732. 
# Horn an s. 

1732.] TO GEORGE BELLAMY. 207 


My much esteemed Friend, Sir, — I am perfectly 
asham'd so late to own your kind & obliging letters of 
March 16 & 17 T Cooper. I have lately made a progress 
into the eastern frontiers of this Province for an interview 
with the several nations of Indians that way, and which 
was much to their satisfaction, as well as to this whole 
governm* ; and the conference being printed I take the 
freedom to inclose one to you. 

I ask pardon for my long silence & promise to grow 
better for the future. I find the world with you was in an 
extraordinary hurly burly ; yet I find by the last ships 
the young Persian monarch has made a sudden unexpected 
breach upon his Mahometan brother which may be some 
baulk to the intrigues & chicanery of our dear French & 
Spanish allies, who I don't expect will ever be kept honest 
but by dir?t of power & drubbing them now & then. 
Our friend Wilks writes me, for some reasons he declin'd 
standing for Marlow 'till the new election comes forward, 
when I wish him good success. I thank your advice in 
the affairs of my government. I assure you I despise 
all the little nibblers at my administration, and I believe 
Bl-d-n & Doc-m-n-que are heartily asham'd of their 
Irish creature M r At-all. I thank God things grow easier 
in the government, and I believe I shall every day have 
a better understanding with my countrymen ; altho' I will 
always do my duty to the King, yet I will give the people 
no just reason to complain. 

My little Templer (as bound in duty & gratitude) in 
almost every letter gives me a large acc tfc of mine & his 
own obligations to good M r Bellamy for your great civility 
& friendship to him. Dear Sir, don't make & keep me 
a bankrupt, but put me in some way to retaliate such a 
pleasing respect. I hope the young gent m behaves to you 


with all good manners, and with that esteem you so justly 
merit at his hands, and that he pursues his studies, that 
you may therein rejoyce with me. 

I am now, Sir, to acquaint you with the death of our 
good friend M r H. Marshal (after lingering for some 
months).* As he had no relation or particular friend in 
this country, I have directed an administration on his 
estate, and put it into the hands of Edw d Winslow, Esq r , 
High Sheriffe of the County of Suffolk in this Province, 
and he has given sufficient security for a faithfull discharge 
of his trust. I find by his papers, that one M r Richard 
Marshal, an upholsterer, in Palsgrave Head Court (London) 
was M r H. Marshal's agent & correspondent in London, in 
whose hands there appears by the books here to be in S° 
Sea stock upwards £ 500, and in annuities upwards £ 700. 
And by the view I have had of his papers, I believe what he 
has left here may amo fc (exclusive of debts & funeral 
charge) to something considerable, which I shall order 
to be put to interest upon good security, to attend the 
direction of those that may appear to be his true heirs, 
and as I am acquainted with no other of his friends than 
yourself, I now inclose you an authentic copy of the 
administration taken on his estate, and so soon as the 
inventory & other acco tts can be compleated I shall send 
them to you & desire you wou'd communicate what I 
now write to M r R. Marshal or to whomever else you may 
find entitled to the concerns of the deed, and you may 
assure them I will do everything on my part that they 
may find the strictest justice. As my son Andrew is a 
merch* I shou'd esteem it a favour that they wou'd order 
the administrator to pay the money here into his hands 
to be remitted them in such manner as they may direct. 
He is as capable of it as any body else, and the commission 
may be some small perquisite to him. He is at present 

* Henry Marshall, Postmaster of Boston, and publisher of " The Boston Gazette," died 
Oct. 4, 1732. He was succeeded by John Boydell, both as postmaster and publisher. — Eds. 

1732.] TO LORD BARRINGTOtf. 209 

gone a journey into the country for ten days, & will write 
you upon his return. I am truly, S r , 

Your friend & most obedient servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct' 21, 1732. 
$ Homans. 


My Lord, — Sometime the last month I gain'd your 
favour of 24 June, wherein I observe your Lordship's kind 
acceptance of the assurances I had given your Lordship & 
M r Boydill of serving him still further in the Naval Office ; 
and your Lordship will always find my promises grow 
into performances when in my power, M r Boydill having 
had the half of the Naval Office conformable to the time 
I wrote your Lordship. I am now further to acquaint 
your Lordship that M r Marshal, the late postmaster here-, 
dy'd about 14 days ago, upon which M r Boydill came to 
me & desir'd I wou'd appoint him his successor 'till orders 
appear' d from the Commiss rs of the Post Office at home, 
or from Coll 11 Spotswood, of Virginia, Deputy Postmaster 
General of North America, and that if he might be con- 
firm'd in the Post Office here he wou'd quit his half of 
the Naval Office, which is worth but ab* £ 200, and the 
other (viis & modis) near £ 400 a year. Upon M r Mar- 
shal's death I immediately fill'd up the vacancy by M r 
Boydill, and wrote the inclos'd in his favour to Coll 11 
Spotswood ; and since that I have reed one from Coll 11 
Spotswood, of which the inclos'd is a copy, and have this 
day fill'd up the blank in Coll 11 Spotswood' s commission 
with M r Boydill' s name & deliver' d it to him. Notwith- 
standing M r Boydil is apprehensive that several will be 
endeavouring to get a deputation from the Commissioners 
of the Post Office at home, or a recommendation from 

* John Shute, first Viscount Barrington, was born in 1678, and died Dec. 14, 1734. He 
had retired from political life some years before the date of this letter, and devoted him- 
self mainly to theological studies. — Eds. 



them to M r Spotswood, that may endanger M r Boydill's 
removal. It's a pretty place that don't require much 
attendance, in which M r Boydill wou'd be glad to be es- 
tablish^ and if your Lordship cou'd procure a letter from 
Gov r Harrison & M r Cartwright (the Commiss r ) to M r 
Spotswood, approving of what he has done in favour of 
M r Boydill, the matter wou'd be compleat. And if you 
are inclin'd to do good to an old faithfull servant, I don't 
know when your Lordship will have an easier or better 
opportunity ; but of this M r Boydill writes you more par- 
ticularly. As this office depends cheifly on the trade, I 
wou'd only add that M r Boydill is very acceptable to the 
trading part of this country. 

As to the kinsman your Lordship mentions, I have long 
since put him into the coinission of the peace, and wou'd 
before now (for the sake of your Lordship & good Coll 11 
Shute) have done some better thing for him ; but your 
Lordship well knows there is a part every man must act 
for himself, and what no friend or other person can act 
for him. And I must, my Lord, have a cautious regard 
to the King's honour & my own in the bestowment of 
offices. Your Lordship perhaps may think me kind that 
I pass every thing else to you respecting him, sub sUentio. 

I am highly oblig'd for the kind mention your Lordship 
makes of my Temple son, and now repeat the freedom of 
assuring your Lordship that you can in no other article 
so command anything within my little power as by smiling 
on that young gent m as often as opportunities fall in your 
way. I have the honour to be with great respect, my 

Your Lordship's most obedient & most faithfull humble | 

servant. ' 

J. LI 

Boston, Oct* 21, 1732. 
$ Homans. 

1732.] TO THOMAS CORAM. 211 


S B , — I wrote you very particularly 24 April last W 
Shepherdson, which I hope got well to your hands, altho' 
you omit to mention it in either of yours of May 27, June 
9, & Augs* 16, which I have reed f> Cary & Crocker, and 
thank you for the intelligence respecting the Charitable 
Corporation. What won't mankind be guilty of thro' the 
cursed love of lucre ? Methinks there shou'd be a little 
death in the pot on such occasions. A poor wretch is 
exalted at Tyburn for the value of five shillings, and one 
of these exalted villians shall escape the noose, altho' he 
be the flagrant, wicked author of rampant destruction to 
hundreds of innocent families. Thus the laws seem only 
cobwebs for little weak rogues.* 

I find the Spanish Armada have at last contented 
themselves with the conquest of Oran, and the Corsicans 
have submitted to their sovereign ; and the sudden breach 
made by the young Persian monarch on his Mahometan 
brother doubtless secures the Emperour at present, and 
defeats the intriegues & chicanery of our dear French & 
Spanish allies. 

I take a particular notice of all you say respecting the 
design' d settlement between the rivers Savanna & Allata- 
maha, and am glad you have so good a prospect of money 
sufficient for so great an undertaking.! I am afraid a 
deputation for any collection in this country wou'd find 
but little success. Is it not too late in the day for you to 
engage in such an enterprize ? I expect no longer peace 
with France & Spain than while our sword looks longest ; 
and a good drubbing now & then wou'd be the best phy- 
sick for their poison'd constitutions. I have been & am 
in opinion with you that the supply of oak & pine may be 
always had from the British plantations to the great ad- 

* The reference is to some financial irregularities on the part of the Directors of the 
Scotch Societj' for Propagating Christian Knowledge. See post, p. 481. — Eds. 

t General Oglethorpe's settlement in Georgia, in which Captain Coram was much inter- 
ested. At one time he thought of returning to America with the new settlers. — Eds. 


vantage of the Crown. I say this is to be supported with 
the strongest reason ; nor can I see that any body wou'd 
lisp a word against it except the east country merchants. 
But of this affair I think to write you more particularly 
in a little time. 

I heartily rejoyce upon your recovery to so good health 
after so tedious a fit of sickness, and that good M rs Coram 
was pretty well. Pray give her my kind respects. D r 
Harward is not in the best state of health, tho' he con- 
stantly officiates in his turn.* Methinks if madam was 
here it wou'd look more shipshape, and wou'd make no 
addition to his expence. 

I had f M r Smith your letter in his favour, & assur'd 
him of any friendship in my power; but he seem'd to 
come hither to fetch fire, & not to do business. I have 
not seen his son a long time, nor do I know how he 

The particular intelligence you hand me is so rational 
& pleasing that I must pray you to continue it, and as 
one Cap f Stanny in a vessel of this town is gone from 
Newfoundland under consignment of M r Morshead of Pli- 
mouth, & order'd to sail for this place in Janu a next, I 
charge you to give me T him a long letter of the affairs 
of Europe & G fc Britain, with some London prints, the 
King's speech, &c a . If the vessel stays long enough, our 
good friend M r Pearse will frank such a packet for you to 
M r Morshead, with whom you may also correspond to 
know the time of the vessel's sailing. In this don't fail 
me, for we are very hungry in the winter for news from 

I remain with a great deal of respect, Sir, 

Your assured friend & most humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct* 25, 1732. 

$ Homans. 

* Rev. Thomas Harward, assistant minister of King's Chapel from 1731 to his death in 
1736. Apparently his wife had not come over from England when this letter was written. 
See Foote's Annals of King's Chapel, vol. i. pp. 404-431. — Eds. 

t See note, ante, p. 111. — Eds. 

1732.] TO THOMAS HOLLIS. 213 


Worthy Sir, — Cap* Homans (the bearer of this) brought 
me your obliging letter of 20 July last. I will once more 
tell you, Sir, with the greatest sincerity that New England 
owes more to the name of Hollis than almost to any other 
single benefactor from its birth & christning. And I am 
again to own with great gratitude the new instance of 
your generosity to Harvard College in the fine machine, 
&c a , f Homans.* I was at College this week, and had 
an ingenious lecture upon it from the Hollisian mathema- 
tical professor (M r Greenwood). M r President, the Pro- 
fessors, & Tutors join in a great deal of respect & duty to 
your good father & to yourself. As I had the satisfaction 
of sucking at the breasts of the alma mater of this country 
in my youthfull days, I think myself in duty bound to 
seek her welfare to the utmost of my power ; and I hope, 
Sir, you will have no reason to repent your pious & noble 
charity extended to that seminary of religion & learning. 

As soon as I reed your letter I sent for your kinsman 
M r Williams with whom I talkt fully and plainly, and 
gave him my advice freely. He is marry'd well & repu- 
tably, but is so unhappy as to be out of all manner of 
business, and this is a very expensive town ; and to be 
continually spending, & in no way of getting, I have told 
him will soon bring a noble to 9 d . Good part of his wife's 
estate lyes at Bristol (60 miles from hence), a pleasant 
town situated on a good harbour, where I advis'd him to 
settle, and I think he might there get into a good way of 
trade, and live for less than half the money he does here, 
and he has at present a good stock to put into trade, but 
when it's spent, what's wanting cannot be number' d, nor 
will there be any taste in the white of an egg. If he was 
my brother, I say, I shou'd advise him to fix at Bristol ; 

* See Quincy's History of Harvard University, vol. i. p. 438. —Eds. 


and I believe if his mother & friends from home fell in 
with these thoughts he wou'd to. You'll please to pardon 
the freedom with which I write in this matter, being no 
more than what I think myself oblig'd to in faithfullness 
to you as his relation & friend. 

I give you, Sir, my most hearty thanks for the kind & 
handsome mention you make of my Temple son. He has 
in several letters told me in the most gratefull manner of 
M r Hollis's respect & civility to him. This young gent m , 
I think, went hence with good principles & resolutions of 
vertue & diligence, and if it pleases God to give him grace 
& health to persevere therein, I hope he may in time be 
serviceable in his generation. I shall much esteem the 
continuance of your favourable regards to him, and be 
always glad to retaliate it in such a manner as you may 
command from, S r , 

Your most obedient humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 25, 1732. 

My humble service to y r father, from whom I shall be 
glad to hear at his leisure. 

$ Homans. 


Sir, — I am glad to find by yours of 27 ins* that you 
was got well home. If the 20 of Nov r be the last day of 
service to your next Inferiour Court, when will be the 
last time of service to the next succeeding Court of Pleas ? 

Sancho's death warrant is daily expected. As to the 
£1200 a year I find the estate shrinks in the wetting. It 
was at first bruited here for £2500 a year, but some of 
his pimps here have lately call'd it only £800. But when 
I was in England I was told, when Lord Blessington dy'd 
it wou'd be a benefit ticket of £200 a year for madam's 
life, and then to her children, which is but a pittifull 
pittance for S fc Patrick. It's commonly talkt here that 
he's going home quickly; his puppies seem willing to 


pave the way for warding off what shame & disgrace they 
can. But after all how shall we sustain under the loss of 
poor Teague ? I heartily wish old Harry # might finally 
be his successor. The other had been three weeks at 
London & not seen the father (who lives but 2 short days 
ride from thence). Oh, stupidity ! Yet if he comes (which 

1 don't expect) we must do the best we can with him. By 

2 ships arriv'd the last week from Cadiz, I find the 
Ipswich lad is sadly maroon' d there & wishes himself at 
home again, and your Portsm Spanish pedlar t will soon 
be in a wretched pickle, not only the six loadings will be 
in a manner a dead loss, but a great st r sum must be paid 
for f rtfc . I find poor Wibird's distemper has at last got the 
better of him.:j: If young Dick will give substantial orders 
& Husk the same for defreying the charge, I'll engage to 
have their mandamus's f> the first ship ; why won't Ger- 
rish & Gilman do the same ? It wou'd be a noble thing 
to have the Council well fill'd ; and it looks now like a 
lucky juncture to have it done. Stir up our friends there. 
Honest Gambling, I'm afraid must soon ride the pale 
horse. Send me a proclamation for a Thanksgiving, ad- 
vising with the Council for the properest day ; and send 
me another for proroguing the Assembly (I think to 
Thursday, 28 Dec r ) and we may go forward as shall be 
thought best. Send me what's proper to sign in answer 
to the inclos'd petition. You han't yet set the time of 
your coming hither, which I don't forget, nor will excuse. 
But upon the arrival of more ships from London & further 
elucidations I shall issue a summons. If you can live so 
long without the Gov r as the spring, he can't without you. 
Because I am, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct* 30, 1732. 

* Col. Henry Sherburne. — Eds. 

t The " Ipswich lad " was Capt. John Rindge, and by " Spanish pedlar " Belcher prob- 
ably meant Benning Went worth. — Eds. 

t The elder Richard Wibird, one of the Council of New Hampshire, died in October, 
1732. — Eds. 


Perhaps you might put Justice Smith out of his witts 
by letting him have the pleasure of procuring the butter 

at Hampton. But he must get choice good or none. 

What's become of my potatoes & white ash knots from 
Stroud Water ? 


May it please your Grace, — I did myself the great 
honour of addressing you the 14 Augs fc last, since which 
the Assembly of this Province are met according to my 
adjournment of them, and your Grace has herewith the 
Journals of the House of Repr to this time ; and altho' 
there has not been a shilling in the Treasury of this Prov- 
ince for 18 months past, yet I am afraid the Repr will 
still be so obstinate against his Majesty's instruction as to 
run the risq e of losing the Province, rather than supply 
the Treasury as his Majesty has directed, and what I be- 
lieve will be finally thought agreeable to the Royal Charter. 
But of this I shall have the honour to write your Grace 
more at large in a little time. I have now only to beg of 
your Grace to give some little attention to what I have 
mention' d the 2 d of this month in my speech to the As- 
sembly of this Province, now sitting, respecting the raising 
of naval stores, as masts, deals, ship timber, pitch, tarr, 
turp tfc , hemp, flax & barr iron, which things are originally 
from the east country & Spain. I say, my Lord Duke, 
this climate & soil is well adapted for raising these things, 
and I wish the Assembly wou'd give a larger bounty for 
raising them ; but lest they shou'd not do it sufficiently, 
might it not be worthy to be laid before the Parliament 
of G fc Britain for their giving a good bounty to encourage 
the raising of these stores in the British colonies, which 
perhaps might prevent a vast yearly sum of English 
money's going to the Northern Crowns, and instead 


thereof his Majesty be supply'd with naval stores from 
his own plantations, and in return for the manufactures 
of G* Britain ? I humbly conceive nothing wou'd make 
these plantations more serviceable to the mother kingdom, 
nor so naturally divert them from interfering with her 
manufactures. This is indeed what I have been aiming 
at ever since my arrival to the government, and have 
prest it once & again upon the Assemblies. Some people, 
my Lord Duke, will object that the stores from America 
are not so good as what come from the Baltic. Allow it, 
my Lord Duke, yet a good encouragment wou'd soon 
make the stores here better ; but if they shou'd not for a 
long time come to the goodness of those from foreign 
princes, yet with deference to your Grace, had not G* 
Britain better content herself with what she can have by 
her own labour & industry than part with the nutriment 
of her body politic, and those strong sinews of power & 
government, I mean her coin, to foreigners ? And I have 
besides no doubt, my Lord Duke, but naval stores may be 
soon rais'd & brought here to great perfection. And the 
navigation employ'd in such a trade wou'd be a fine nur- 
sery of sailors to the British Crown as there may be occa- 
sion ; and wou'd it not also render G* Britain less subject 
to the caprice of the Northern Crowns when they shou'd 
look on her in an independent state as to any thing they 
cou'd pretend to compliment her with ? Your Grace will 
please to pardon what I have suggested on this head, and 
attribute it to the zeal I have for his Majesty's service, as 
well as to the great desire I have of contributing every 
thing in my power to advance the true interest of G* 
Britain & her plantations. 

May it please your Grace, in obedience to his Majesty's 
royal instruction to me, I am to acquaint your Grace that 
Richard Wibird, Esq r , lately one of his Majesty's Council 
for N w Hampshire dy'd about three weeks since, and that 
the only surviving members of his Majesty's Council there 



are Shadrach Walton, George Jaffrey, Jotham Odiorne, 
Henry Sherburne, Richard Waldron, & Benjamin Gam- 
bling, Esqrs. Yet according to the constitution of that 
governm fc there ought to be twelve to make a full Council, 
and as it is a great damage to his Majesty's service, and 
to the publick affairs of the Province to have the Council 
so thin, I wou'd propose to your Grace, that Coll 11 Joseph 
Sherburne, Cap 4 Ellis Husk, & Cap* Richard Wibird (eldest 
son to the gent m lately deed) may be of his Majesty's 
Council for N w Hampshire, and that I may receive the 
royal mandamuss for admitting them. They are all gent m 
qualify ed for the service according to his Majesty's 8 in- 
struction to me, which says, " In the choice & nomination 
of the members of our said Council, you are always to 
take care that they be men of good life, and well affected 
to our government, and of good estates & abilities, not 
necessitous persons." And as I find other gent m thus 
qualifyed that are willing to be at the charge, and to sus- 
tain the place, I shall mention them to your Grace, that 
the Council may be compleated. 

I have the honour to be with the greatest respect & 
duty, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most obedient & most devoted humble 
servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 21, 1732. 

$ Shepherdson. Winslow. 


Sir, — *ffi Scutt I wrote you 2 or 3 lines of 11 curr tt , and 
yesterday arriv'd Webster & Snelling, jp whom I have your 
favours of Aug 8t 29, Sept r 6, 8, and thank you for delivery 
of my letters that were got to hand as far as T Orrick. 
I am much pleas'd with my cousin Wells's ingenious letter 
to you from York, & heartily rejoyce to hear of her health, 


and that she is so happily marry'd. Pray give her my 
kindest respects, and my humble service to the Doct r . I 
am oblig'd for your care of what is come f> Webster. 
I observe my acc tfc which I shall examine, and finding 
right shall note in conformity with you. I sent you a bill 
T Homans for £ 30, must be plac'd to my C r , and when 
Mess rs Goizins of Bristol remit you the produce of 12 tuns 
of ore sent them T Row in Aug st last, I hope to be out of 
your debt, and shall take care to be getting more money 
to you. And pray you not to let Jonathan want any 
money you think reasonable & proper for him. 

I hope the long report of the Board of Trade made 12 
months ago will dye of a lethargy. You must carefully 
watch Rindge, who will do me all the hurt he can, tho' 
I never chang'd a word of difference with him in my 
life. He is but an ordinary insignificant creature. Yet 
such are able sometimes to do mischeif. I take notice 
of the 3 mandamuss, which I am not much concerned 
about ; if they are unmannerly I'll suspend them without 

In answer to what you say of Jonathan's getting into 
the H. of C, I now confirm what I wrote him & you at 
large on that head 20 of last month ; nor can I say any 
thing more till I have your & his answer, after taking 
good advice, & weighing all I have said solidly & sedately. 
I am highly oblig'd to the Bishop & Chancellor for their 
great readiness to promote the matter. I observe all you 
write about M r Reynolds, and admire there shou'd be so 
much difficulty in his obtaining the N. Hampshire Leiu- 
tenancy, since Dunbar has been writing home for 12 
months past to quit, and I think the offer you made by 
order of the Chancellor was out of all reason. The order 
for Dunbar's quitting the eastward lands is come at last. 
What the poor wretch will do I can't imagine, but some 
say he is bound for Ireland. 

I am sorry you & M r Wilks have not been able to send 


the order of leave for taking my support by the ships 
now arriv'd, and I find by your letter that I can have but 
little expectation of it 'till next spring. Really, brother, 
I have a severe time, to live 12 months wholly on my 
own estate, without a farthing from the Province, and we 
are subject to sickness & death, & shou'd that be the case 
with me, my family wou'd lose every farthing of the 
£3000. Pray, brother, bestir yourself, & let me have the 
order as soon as possible, and a duplicate by another ship, 
and I hope the order will be more general & extensive 
that I mayn't be at this fatiegue and charge from year to 

I am well pleas' d with the mention you make of one of 
Gov r Holden's daughters. Yet after all I am more inclin'd 
Jonathan shou'd be patient and endeavour to be one of 
the brightest lawyers of the age. 

You will find by the inclos'd to the Sec ry of State & 
Lords of Trade that I have nominated Coll 11 Joseph Sher- 
burne, Cap 4 Ellis Husk, & Cap* Richard Wibird to be 
members of his Majesty's Council in N w Hampshire. And 
you have herewith Coll 11 Sherburne's letter to y r self that 
he will pay the charge as soon as you let him know it. 
He is an able man & you need not doubt of it. The other 
two are procuring bills of exch a payable to you for their 
part of the charge, and I shall send them to you T the 
next. I don't suppose there will be any opposition made 
to these gent m , and so the charge will not run so high as 
upon the last. They expect, and so do I, that you get 
the mandamus 8 upon the easiest term you can, nor can I 
see why all three names can't be put into one mandamus 
& save 2 /3 ds of the charge. Since the other three manda- 
muss that have stuck so long are at last taken out, these 
three will compleat the Council to the number of twelve. 
They are my particular friends & their being of the 
Council will make things much easier ; so I pray you 
wou'd not fail to sollicit the matter to effect, that I 

1732.] TO SAMUEL SHUTE. 221 

may have the mandamus 8 by the first ship in the spring. 

I am, Sir, 

Your loving brother J. B. 

Boston, Nov 25, 1732. 

Tell Jonathan, & remember it yourself, that a vessel of 
M r Wendell's, one Stanny, intends to be at Plymouth to 
be coming hither in Janu a , is to be consign' d to M r Mors- 
head there, by whom you & your nephew must write 
largely, and send me the King's speech & other prints. 
We are hungry in the winter for news from England. 
You may get the Bishop of Lincoln or some body else to 
frank your letters, & so correspond with M r Morshead to 
know the time of the vessel's sailing. 

Inclos'd is James Jeffries bill on Mess rs Lloyd & Eook 
for £ 30 st r which must be plac'd to C r of Cap fc E. Husk, 
and when his mandamus is paid for you must acc tfc with 
him for this bill. J. B. 

$ Shepherdson. 


Dear Sir, — Cap* Webster has brought me your oblig- 
ing letter of 24 August last ; and I am glad to find your 
temperance in life so firmly maintains your health. Since 
my last I have prevail'd with Coll 11 Spotswood to appoint 
M r Boydill postmaster here (in the room of M r Marshall 
deed), upon which he resigns the half of the Naval Office, 
— the postmaster's place being (as he supposes) much 
better. As I wrote you before his grocery shop full out 
supports his expence, and his places are 

Postmaster 400. 

Admiralty Register .... 150. 

Probate ditto 150. 

is £700 a year. 

I think his lott is fallen in a pleasant place, and he can't 
fail of doing well. I wish honest Coll 11 Hatch had sue- 


ceeded in what I wrote. I will still be thoughtful] to 

serve him when I can. Coll 11 Phips is very acceptable to 
me and to the Province. Pray make my compliments 
to Sir W m , to whom 1 wish long life & much health. Your 
friends here often remember you with great respect. 

I read with pleasure the kind mention you make of my 
Temple son. I often tell him that his vertue & diligence 
must bring him in some degree to that flowing fortune 
that other young gent m jump into at his years without 
any of their own care or pains. Your thoughts are very 
just ; pray tell him he must think of nothing less than of 
dangling the broad seal of G fc Britain with an air. 

In tenderness to my royal master's honour I am almost 
asham'd to mention anything more to the Assembly of 
his instructions, because they have so repeatedly treated 
them out of the rules of decency or good manners, and are 
in their present session more obstinate than ever. The 
vile paper bills that pass here are in a manner come to be 
worth nothing ; nor have I had a farthing from the Pro- 
vince for seven months past, nor any leave from the King 
to take the money voted me, altho' it has already cost me 
40 guineas to sollicit. I have a severe, hard time of it, 
nor do I see when it will be otherwise ; and cou'd I have 
foreseen the trouble & charge no body shou'd have courted 
me into the government. However I must now look & 
push forward, and do as well as I can. With my service 
to M r Yeamans, and my best regards to yourself, I remain, 
hono ble Sir, 

Your faithfull friend and servant, J. B. 

Boston, Dec 6, 1732. 
tf Shepherd. 


Sir, — As I had nothing material I did n't trouble you 
last post, but took the opportunity of a flourish to old H. 
by saying, I write to none but yourself this post, which 

1732.] TO RICHAKD WALDROtf. 223 

perhaps made up for any former omission. You must 
read, seal, & deliver the inclos'd & urge Husk to send 
forward the bills to me, 

I have before me yours of 8 & 15 psent, and am daily 
expecting to hear how S* Patrick danc'd & flounc'd at the 
rec* of his death warrant. # I am somewhat doubtfull 
whether he'll venture to leave his Survey & Leiutenancy 
without a special leave. 

We generally suppose your cousin King has turn'd tale 
to the severity of the coast, so we may perhaps see the 
new mandamus 8 before those aboard him, which I press 
hard for by a ship sails this week. I give myself no un- 
easiness about a majority, because a taught rein gives life 
or kills according to the discretion of the charioteer. 

I am glad to tell you of receiving the inclos'd message 
from the Repres tTS here, which fairly introduces a further 
prorogation of your Assembly, for which I have sign'd & 
cover to you a blank proclamation. What think you of 
putting it to the last Thursday in Feb r ? Do as you think 
best, I am content. Only let me know the day by return 
of the post. If you think a shorter prorogation better 
(on acc tfc of Monsieur or any thing else) I am easy. Sir, 

Your servant J. B. 

Boston, Dec* 18, 1732. 

This afternoon arriv'd Jerry Dunbar in your cousin 
King at Nantaskett, and they have both been with me. 
King told me the mandamus 8 were under Jerry's care, 
but he said not a word to me about. 'em, nor I to him. 
Tell the Presid fc not to act any thing in the matter with- 
out my special order. 


* The Royal order for Colonel Dunbar's removal from Pemaquid, and for revoking the 
authority given him in April, 1730. The Order in Council is recited in Governor Belcher's 
proclamation, printed in " The New-England Weekly Journal," Feb. 26, 1733. — Eds. 



Loving Brother, — I wrote you 11 curr" f Shepherd, 
& yesterday came to hand T King your favours of Sept r 
20, 22 & 25, with acc tfc of picture frames, &c a , T Webster 
am to £ 7. 5. 6 st r . You have offer' d out of all reason in 
behalf of M r Reynolds for the Leiutenancy of N. Hamp- 
shire. If I might have it for 50 guineas to-morrow I 
wou'd not give it. If Reynolds shou'd not be able to get 
the commission & to pay the 150 guineas, I wou'd by no 
means advise you to advance it for Coll 11 Sherburne, unless 
you have his particular orders & promise to repay you. 
If Reynolds gets it, I think he ought to pay you also the 
20 guineas advanc'd to Jerry Dunbar. There seems to 
me no reason that I shou'd bear the burden & charge 
where others are to reap the honour & profitt. You must 
really, brother, consider how precious sterling money is, 
and considering the great expence I am oblig'd to be at, 
of how little benefit the governm* is, every shilling I spend 
with you is 3/6 here. 

I shall be glad Reynolds or Sherburne may get in, if 
they'll be at the charge ; if they won't, I must be content 
that things remain as they are. Coll 11 Dunbar wants to 
get home, and to my knowledge has been writing to quit 
for 12 months past, and if he can at same time put 100 
guineas in his pocket 'twill be a fine thing. I reed Jerry 
Dunbar better than he deserv'd, for I still look upon him 
as mean a scoundrel and as great a villain as has been 
produe'd from the Hibernian boggs. As to what you 
mention of Coll 11 Dunbar's writing to Secretary Popple 
about the Representative Shove, I am a stranger to any 
such speech of his. But if the Sec ry wou'd write me the 
particular account of it I wou'd mention it to the Assem- 
bly & expose Shove. Pray mention what I say on this 
head to M r Popple. I fancy J. Dunbar has kept back 
from me some letter of yours, by which perhaps he may 


discover the strict acquaintance & correspondence you 
have with SecF Popple. 

I must pray you to press M r Wilks in forwarding the 
leave for my support. How is it possible, brother, for me 
to live on the air ? Altho' it be finally obtain'd, yet it's 
cruel & hard to make me live a year together without a 
farthing from the King or the Province. As to the King's 
honour, I think it can't be expos'd more than it has been 
already ; and why must a f aithf ull servant starve because 
his master won't enforce his own orders ? It's impossible 
for me to do more in the matter ; but the rest remains 
with his Majesty to do. Pray attend to what I say, and 
let the order be hasten'd to me (and a duplicate). 

As to Jonathan's getting into the H. of C. at the next 
election, I refer to mine to him & you of 20 Oct r , 11 curr", 
& of this day, and your sedate, wise answers shall deter- 
mine me, and I am apt to think you will all be finally of 
my opinion. Why did you lisp a word to W. F. about 
it,* who neither cou'd or wou'd assist one mite towards 
it ? For the future never write a tittle relating to me or 
my family, but open under my cover to do with as I think 
best. You don't know, brother, how wicked the world is. 

I wish you cou'd get De la Faye or Courand to write a 
letter to be sign'd by D. of N. Castle approving the whole 
of my administration in the government. It wou'd 
greatly strengthen & honour me among the people ; nor 
shou'd I begrutch half a doz. guineas for such a letter. 
M r Dummer procur'd a long one to his brother from the 
)uke when he was cheif in the government. Mind what 

say, and let me have it by the first ship in the spring, 
if you can. I am, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, Deer 19, 1732. 
$ Jackson. 

* The reference is probably to William Fairfax. 



My Lords, — I had the honour of writing to your 
Lordships the 21 of the last month of which a duplicate 
is also gone. The Gen 11 Assembly of this Province being 
still sitting I cannot by this conveyance write your Lord- 
ships so fully on the state of the publick affairs as I hope 
to do when the Gen 11 Court rises, and which will be in a 
few days. The speech I made at the opening of this ses- 
sion will show your Lordships what a miserable condition 
the Province is in for want of the Assembly's making the 
proper & seasonable supplies of money to the publick 
Treasury, where there has not been a shilling for nineteen 
months past, altho' there is now upwards of £ 40,000 due 
to the officers & soldiers of the King's forts & garrisons, 
the Judges, the Secretary of the Province, & other people, 
nor am I yet able to judge whether the Assembly will 
raise any money before they rise ; but as they have, my 
Lords, taken a very extraordinary step upon his Majesty's 
royal instructions to me (the 16 & 30) by addressing his 
Majesty a third time to withdraw them, and in case his 
Majesty will not hear them, then their agent is instructed 
to apply to the House of Commons. This, my Lords, is 
what I take to be very extraordinary, — to complain to 
his Majesty's dutifull & faithfull Commons of the severity 
of his Majesty's proceedings with his people here. I be- 
lieve, I say, this is without precedent. Nor have I ever 
heard that any of the King's plantations have presum'd 
upon anything of this nature. Nor is there that I can 
see any occasion for treating his Majesty so indecently & 
disrespectfully. The justice & strength of his royal orders 
will undoubtedly appear plain to all men of sense & un-l 
derstanding by comparing them with the Charter of thia| 
Province, and if the construction of any paragraph thereoi 
falls into dispute, or seems dubious, why cannot the 

* A duplicate of this letter was sent to the Duke of Newcastle. — Eds. 


Judges of England determine such points? I know no 
reason unless that the Assembly here love to be clamorous 
& troublesome. His Majesty's 16 & 30 instructions to me 
in my humble opinion are excellently calculated for sup- 
porting the honour of his government, and for the peace, 
welfare, & happiness* of his people. I therefore hope in 
justice, mercy & favour to his good subjects he will not 
recede from any part of them. 

As to the 16 instruction, which limits or restrains the 
striking of credit bills, I believe every man of thought & 
substance is highly thankfull that the Assembly are kept 
from ruining all the estates of the Province by issuing 
out floods of those pernicious bills. At an emission of 50 
or 60,000£, every man that has outstanding debts sinks 
at least a fifth part of his capital, — the bills growing in 
3 or 4 months time of so much less value than before 
such an emission. And whereas £125 of the lawfull 
money of the Province wou'd purchase £100 st r , yet 
£350 of the vile bills that have been issued by the gov- 
ernment will not at this day purchase that sum ; so that 
to allow any further liberty of making these bills than 
for the annual expence of the Province, or to extend the 
calling them in beyond the year in which they are issued, 
wou'd have a direct tendency to ruin the King's govern- 
ment & people, and wou'd prove a fraud & cheat upon all 
the merchants of England, who have always large effects 
in this country. 

As to the 30 instruction, my Lords, I think nothing 
can be plainer than that it exactly quadrates with the 
Charter ; and for his Majesty to give it up or condescend 
to the House of Representatives examining the publick 
accounts of charge of the government, I shou'd think it 
wou'd be as well to suffer them to appoint their own 
Governour. For really, my Lords, all the struggle in that 
matter is for power. If every ace" of the Province must 
be subjected to a House of Representatives, the King's 


Gov r will be of very little signification. They that have 
the controul of the money will certainly have the power ; 
and I take the single question on this head to be, Whether 
the King shall appoint his own Gov r , or whether the 
House of Representatives shall be Gov r of the Province ? 
I have, my Lords, with the best assistance & information 
I cou'd get drawn up the state of the case respecting the 
30 instruction in the inclos'd sheets, which is humbly 
submitted to your correction, and to be us'd as your 
Lordships shall judge proper. When the sitting of the 
Assembly is over, I shall do myself the honour of writing 
your Lordships the further needfull for his Majesty's ser- 
vice in the governm* under my care. And in the mean 
time I remain with all possible respect & esteem, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Dec* 23, 1732. 

Your Lordships have inclos'd the Journals of the H. 
of Repr from the time that I last sent them. 

$ Jackson. Cowley. 


Dear Sir, — My last was 25 Oct r w Homans, since 
which I have yours f Webster of 9 Sept r . I am sensible 
of your great pains & care in getting the King's order for 
Dunbar's removal from the eastern country. The same 
was sent him about three weeks ago, to which as yet is 
come no answer. The order does not seem to me so full 
& explicit, as I think it might have been. He's a vile 
fellow, and I believe will still give all the trouble & dis- 
turbance he can. 

I have taken pains (for your honour & interest) to have 
your acc tts examin'd & past. They are gone thorro by 
the Repr, and lye before the Council & will be past to- 
morrow. There lyes also a vote before the Council for 

1732.] TO FKANCIS WILKS. 229 

supplying you with £7000 this money for the affairs of 
the government. What turn it will take I can't say, nor 
how far it mav interfere with an instruction I have from 
the King. It was with difficulty that your friends in the 
House got £700 for your own allowance. M r Cook was 
very warm in your interest. By this you may see the 
uncertainty of having to do with publick bodies. The 
addresses now sent you are of a very extraordinary nature, 
especially that to the House of Commons, so flagrantly 
taxing his Majesty's justice, understanding & wisdom 
that you had need act very cautiously in it, unless you 
are content to destroy your interest with the King & his 
Ministers. But above all things, as your hearty friend, I 
caution you against being too ready in advancing your 
money for the Province, nothing being so precarious as 
having to do with governments. I can assure you there 
have been several attempts this session to get you out of 
the agency. As there is no money in the Treasury, and 
very uncertain when there will be any, I hardly think 
the vote of £7000 beforemention'd will pass all the 
branches of the Legislature. 

As to the 16 & 30 instructions, of which they now 
complain, shou'd the King recede from them, I shou'd 
date the ruin of the King's government & people from 
that time. To have liberty as heretofore for floods of 
paper money wou'd soon sink every man's estate below 
Carolina. You yourself wou'd be a vast sufferer in all 
your effects here. And as to the way and manner in 
which they wou'd supply the Treasury, I believe the 12 
Judges of England will readily give it as their opinion 
that it's expressly contrary to the tenour of the Charter ; 
and I take the single question in all the hurly burly about 
it to be, Whether the King shall appoint his own Gov r or 
whether the House of Repre shall themselves be the Gov r ? 
I say it is only a thirst & lust of power that they cannot 
lay claim to with the least shadow of reason. Yet as the 


Province is naked & defenceless, and people lying under 
unjust oppression for want of their money, I hope you'll 
leave no stone unturn'd to give the Assembly as speedily 
as possible the peremptory result of this their dernier 

I hear nothing more at present of the gent m who had 
an itch to get over & to be in the agency. You may, dear 
Sir, assure yourself nothing shall be wanting in my power, 
by night or day, to promote your service & interest. 
Altho' the agency for Connectic u may seem to you a small 
thing, yet it's a large growing Province, and some thing 
has some savour. I therefore ask leave to inclose you the 
paragraph of a letter I reed some time since from Gov r 
Talcott, that you may write to that governm* as often as 
you can find matter for a letter. 

I give you my hearty thanks that you wou'd endeavour 
to send me the King's leave for taking my salary, and 
that you wou'd get it to be general if you cou'd. It is 
really, Sir, very severe & cruel upon me, that I must live 
12 months upon the air, without one farthing support 
from the Province, besides the hazzard of my losing the 
whole money (as did Gov r Burnet) in case of mortality. 
Why, I say, must I starve in the strictest obedience & 
fidelity to the King's orders, which his Majesty alone can 
enforce (after I have done all in my power) when in his 
royal wisdom he shall think proper to do it ? 

It is, Sir, by no means convenient that I keep the Gen 11 
Court here the whole year round on adjournments, and 
which I must do 'till I have leave to take my money. 
Pray then, fail not to let me have it as soon as possible, 
and a duplicate lest the original miscarry. I am, Sir, 

Your assured friend and servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec 25, 1732. 
$ Jackson. 



Sib, — Give my service to M r Presid', Coll 11 H., & Cap* 
Husk, to whom I can't write this post, the Assembly being 
to rise in 2 or 3 days. 

I don't wonder Sancho has given his bull dogs order 
to devour what they can. S* John the Divine tells us, 
" The devil is come down, having great wrath, because 
he knows he has but a short time." As to a scheme 
about a post office, that is settled already by my letters 
to the Commiss rs at home, and to Coll 11 Spotswood of Vir- 
ginia, Postmaster Gen 11 of North America, and Boydill 
is fixt, and a pretty place it is, worth at least £400 a 
year. All those bogtrotters must trampoose or attourn 
tenants according to the pleasure of the now right own- 
ers. Poor Jerry is here in a sad pickle, has apply'd to 
the Gov r for protection, being in hazard of life or limb, 
and I have given the Sheriffe order to protect him from 
the rage of an injur'd people.* However he don't care 
to come abroad, but sticks pretty close to his lodgings, 
and is in hazard of being prosecuted by the Attorney 
Gen 11 in behalf of the Province, as well as by particular 
persons whose characters, they imagine, he has been too 
free with. As I wrote you, King told me the new man- 
damuss were under his care, but he has since sworn to me 
that he never saw them, but that they were committed 

* Jerry Dunbar had incurred the hostility of the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives by his testimony, in 1730, before a committee of the House of Commons to whom the 
Sugar Bill was referred. At the session of the House of Representatives, Dec. 30, 1732, a 
committee, consisting of Elisha Cooke, Samuel Welles, and Thomas Cushing, was appointed 
to consider the matter, with power to send for persons and papers. On the 2d of January 
they reported, " Upon the Examination & Evidence aforementioned, the Committee are 
humbly of Opinion, it notoriously appears, that the said Jeremiah Dunbar hath of set 
purpose & design falsely & injuriously Represented His Majesty's good Subjects of New- 
England to the Honourable the Commons of Great Britain, intending thereby to obstruct 
& hinder them in their lawful Trade & Business, & unjustly to expose them to the dis- 
pleasure of that Honourable House, and of our Mother Country." This report was 
accepted. See The New-England Weekly Journal, Jan. 8, 1733. — Eds. 


to the care of King. However, this I don't wonder at, 
for he commonly lyes faster than he speaks, — I mean 
his wicked heart hurries faster than his tongue can get 
it out. He has sworn to me once & again that he never 
lispt a word in England to my prejudice. Poor wretch, I 
pitty'd him while he was telling so cursed a falshood. 
He talks of going to N. Hampshire to meet his brother. 
I tell him the people are as much inrag'd against him 
there as here, for that's New England as well as this 
Province. Then he talks of going to N. York, where is 
his present business. But I believe he is under a neces- 
sity of seeing his brother, of which I cou'd say the reason 
if you was here. As the Court is prorogu'd, if Sancho 
comes among you, I don't see he'll be able to do much. 
The Treasurer won't pay a penny without my order, if 
he had it, and nothing can be done without money. 

The long report from the Board of Trade to the King is 
at last dead of a lethargy, or perhaps may by next ship 
be acted upon more to the Gov r ' s advant a , so that you may 
depend I'll mount Monsieur # with a curb bit & stop him 
from any mad freaks. Nay, I'll make a visset to you on 
purpose rather than fail. 

Perhaps the mandamuss are directed to me, or to the 
Commander in Cheif for the time being. Take care of 
the seal, and come to Boston when you please. I shou'd 
upon a second occasion more despise & deride his suspen- 
sion than ever. You may depend there are not any 
orders to inlarge Toby's t power ; no, the Gov r stands 
firm at home. I observe you have set the Court to 22 
Feb r . Patience will make all right. You may read what 
you please of this letter to the President (not letting my 
name be known, but that it's from undoubted authority), 
and he'll cackle. I had forgot to say (after 15 months 
silence) I this day reed a mannerly letter from Sancho of 

* Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. — Eds. 

t B. W.— Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. -Eds. 


19 present from Peraaquid. He knows well the turn 

things have taken & are taking. I am, Hono ble Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Dec 25, 1732. 


Sir, — Since closing mine of this day I have made 
enquiry for his Majesty's mandamuss that came in Cap* 
King from London, appointing some new Councellors in 
N. Hampshire. I have certain advice by my letters from 
England of their being aboard King, and upon examining 
him he tells me, if they came e -f him he thinks they were 
in a packett directed to M r Benning Wentworth, which 
he duly forwarded about a fortnight since ; and the man- 
damuss being not come to my hands, I have reason to 
think they are clandestinely withheld. It's therefore my 
order that you draw & sign something proper & send 
hither to be inserted in the publick prints for discounte- 
nancing so vile a practice, and that those who have gotten 
possession of those royal orders may, according to their 
duty, immediately transmit them to me.* I am, Sir, 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 25, 1732. 

* " Province of New-Hampshire, Whereas certain Information is come to His Excel- 
lency the Governour, that divers Royal Orders or Instructions from His Majesty, directed 
to him as His Majesty's Governour of the said Province, were sent, and are arrived in 
the Ship Falmouth, Copt. King Master, lately from London, relating to the said Province 
which are clandestinely conceaVd and withheld from Him in Violation of the Duty and 
Allegiance to His Majesty from those that have gotten Possession of the said Orders, and 
in high Contempt of His Majesty's Government of the said Province. These are therefore 
by His Excellency's Command, to Require all Persons with whom the said Royal Orders 
are lodg'd or conceal'd, forthwith to transmit them to His Excellency the Governour, on 
Pain of His Majesty's Displeasure, and of such Penalties as they may incur by their 
Neglect & Disobedience therein. R. Waldron, Secretary. Portsmouth, Dec. 18, 1732." 
See The New-England Weekly Journal, Jan. 1, 1733. — Eds. 




Rev d & worthy Sir, — I am forc'd to begin with that 
trite saying, Better late than never, to own the indissolu- 
ble bonds you have laid me under by a continual series of 
the most generous friendship to my son at the Temple. 
Altho' I have not the honour to know D r Reynolds per- 
sonally, yet the large account my son gives me of your 
great goodness to him & of your character in every other 
amiable respect fires me with the highest gratitude, while 
at the same time I glow with blushing under the shame of 
my silence hitherto, and that I am not now, nor ever shall 
be, able to express the gratefull sentiments of my soul, 
and with which I am devoted to your service. Nor cou'd 
any thing, dear Sir (if you'll allow me so free an epithet), 
be so good, so obliging in you as to shape out some way 
whereby I might discharge a part of the debt which your 
candour, your humanity, your generosity has so pleas- 
ingly & so surprizingly involv'd me in. For I do assure 
you the unmerited respect you have shown to my little 
Tern pier exceeds every thing & all you cou'd have done for 
me besides. Omnis in Ascanio chari stat cura parentis. 

If I cou'd be so happy as to see your good brother M r 
Reynolds in this part of the world once more, pray tell 
me how I may be serviceable to him in the most agree- 
able, extensive manner. 

I shall, Sir, at all times much esteem your countenance 
& advices to my son, and that your candid eye wou'd 
overlook (or pardon) those peculiarities that are innate 
(or inherent) to a raw American, while you polite Britons 
always rank with the polisht diamond. 

I have the pleasure to be, with great esteem & respect, 
Sir, Your obedient & very humble servant. 

Boston, I)ec r 26, 1732. J. B. 

\$ Follers. 

* Rev. George Reynolds, LL.D., one of the sons of the Bishop of Lincoln, was Arch- 
deacon of that diocese. Governor Belcher repeatedly refers to him as "the Chancellor." 
— Eds. 



My much hono d & very good Lord, — I blush at 
the introduction of your Lordship's favour of 13 Oct r 
from Bugden, while your Lordship's unmerited humanity 
& generosity have loaded me with such a debt as will 
keep me forever in your Lordship's power to be extend- 
ing the Bankrupt Act upon me at your own pleasure ; 
and yet at same time I enjoy a secret satisfaction in the 
great honour of your Lordship's friendship, the instances 
whereof break loose from all the rules of arithmetick, to 
my dear boy at the Temple ; and what your Lordship is 
pleas'd to mention (in your excessive goodness) of the 
small and poor return I have been able to make to M r 
Reynolds here still inhances my shame & confusion. I 
can only say I have the most ardent & sincere desire to 
render myself acceptable & serviceable to your Lordship 
or to any branch of your fine family, and am sorry that 
your Lordship must be content with what the magnificent 
wise King of Israel tells us, that the desire of a man is 
his kindness. I rejoyce with your Lordship that I was 
able to give you timely notice for putting a stop to the 
unhappy affair mention'd in mine of 20 June ; and since 
the young gent m has undertaken that you shall never 
have any uneasiness upon that article I have no doubt 
of his probity & honour. The dark point (your Lordship 
mentions) to be clear'd up I presume to be the affair with 
Singleton, of which I shou'd be glad M r Tommy (or some 
body) wou'd give me the true state. # 

M r Collector's Deputy gives good satisfaction at N. 
Hampshire ; but it wou'd be most of all agreeable to 
me that M r Reynolds might return to his post, with the 
Leiutenancy, and withal to be of his Majesty's Council 
there, which I hope your Lordship will finally obtain, and 

* " M r Tommy " was a son of the Bishop of Lincoln, apparently a law student or lawyer 
in London. Governor Belcher wrote to him by the same conveyance. — Eds. 


your Lordship may quietly depend I will on all occasions 
be his father & brother. I am very sorry and ask a 
thousand pardons for the trouble my Temple son has 
given your Lordship about his degrees from Cambridge & 
Oxford, and in which I humbly thank your Lordship's 
kindness & favour. I had no other view in it than the 
facilitating & expediting his call to the bar. 

I bless God for his Majesty's safe & happy return from 
his German dominions, in which his British subjects (I 
am sure) will find their account ; for our wise & glorious 
monarch attempts nothing in vain. 

Perhaps the grand Spanish embassy may be pointed 
at Gibralter, and indeed I am so weak as to wish they'd 
give us a monstrous heap of pistoles to dismantle and 
demolish it, so ever to remain. I am sensible Spain will 
always be full of gizzard grumblings, & heartburnings 
while it remains with us ; and so wou'd G t Britain if they 
had such a footing at Plimouth or Falmouth. Your 
Lordship will please to forgive the trouble of the inclos'd, 
and suffer one of your servants to point 'em to their 

M rs Belcher joins her humble regards and best wishes 
with mine for lasting health & honour to your Lordship, 
Lady Lincoln, & to every part of the family, and thus I 
shall ever remain, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most obedient & most devoted humble 

servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 26, 1732. 
<fe? Follers. 


Dear Sir, — I had the pleasure of writing you 21 
Oct r f Romans, since which I have your obliging favour 
of 19 Sept* ♦ King. I am angry & asham'd that you 
shou'd make any compliments in your correspondence 
with your friend, in which if he cou'd return the pleasure 

1732.] TO GEOEGE BELLAMY. 237 

you give him, you wou'd be fond enough of obliging him 
(or yourself) while we must be thus station'd at 3000 
miles from one another. So much for that, and 'a' done 
with your compliments. 

The poor rascall * that came in King had an officer wait- 
ing for him as he came ashore, and has been so insulted 
in the streets under the character of a common enemy 
to this country that he has been oblig'd to fly to me for 
refuge & protection, being in danger of life or limb ; and 
I have on this occasion acted the gent m & the Gov r , and 
told him he shou'd (during his stay in this government) 
be in my house, or I wou'd order the cap* of the Castle 
to receive him. Thus I have treated a villain who I 
think rather deserves to be trundel'd over Holborn Hill. 
But I despise him & his more villanous brother. I think 
it was the great Lord Coke that wore that device, — 
Prudens qui patiens. Courage, mon ami, and all will do 
well in time. 

I hope my son And w does his duty & answers T this 
convey a your very kind letter with the ingenious sketch 
of the affairs of all the courts of Europe. 

I am glad to hear by our last ship that the lonely turtle 
had reed her mate. May they be long happy in each 
other, and we in them.f 

Dear M r Bellamy, don't overload & kill me with good- 
ness & friendship to my dear Temple son. How shall I 
ever get out of your debt ? Oh, how happy shou'd I 
think myself & him if he merited a 1000 th part of what 
you say. May God Almighty save his vertue & bless his 
studies, that he may some time or other lay claim to a 
part of your good opinion. You must forgive in the 
young gent m those peculiarities which are too natural 
to us raw Americans, and make us appear so awkward 
to you polite Britons. 

* Jerry Dunbar. — Eds. 

f See letter to Richard Partridge, ante, p. 218.— Eds. 

238 TIIE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 

I wish you long life '& much health, with every other 
easy circumstance, & am, Sir, 

Your most faithfull friend and obedient servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Dec 26, 1732. 

Sir, — I have kept this lett r open to 4 Jan 17 to inclose 
the inventory of the late M r Marshal's estate in this 
country, and it's suppos'd there may be near £100 due 
to him from sundry persons & that there may be a de- 
duction of near £600 for his funeral & what he owes to 
the post revenue. So there may be finally about £1800 
this currency to come to his heirs. 

$ Follers. 


Hono ble Sir, — The post brings me yours of 29 ult 1 , 
and of which I take particular notice. I am apt to think 
Sancho '11 make you a visset after rec* of the order. You'll 
see what I write the Presid* about the new mandamus 8 . 
You must direct him in every punctilio, and nourish up 
old Harry as well as you can to be strong, and as you 
judge best let the Presid fc pursue my orders or not. You'll 
see what's in the inclos'd print.* I thought it more 
decent to be in the name of the Sec 17 than the Gov r , and 
your warrant therefor is herewith. I am perfectly in 
opinion with you that this impudent clandestine detention 
is one of the luckiest things cou'd have happen'd. What 
if the Council shou'd send for the candidates one by one, 
and get a sight of each mandamus, & commit 'em to your 
care, adjourning the Council 'till the afternoon, making 
them imagine they are then to be sworn, & then to con- 
sider further of it, and in the mean time take care they 
be sent me f> the post ? I am most of all fond to get 

* See note, ante, p. 233. —Eds. 

1732-3.] TO JONATHAN BELCHER, JR. 239 

'em into my hands, if you can possibly so manage it. 
But can you trust the President & old Harry to be in the 
plott ? If they cannot be cajold out of them, they must 
be demanded authoritatively. 

The inclos'd order I think will answer all ends, and 
needs no exemplification. Pilgarlic # must be presented 
with it at his first appearance in Council by the President's 
asking it from the files. Depend upon it, I'll make all 
the fine work of this pretty affair that can be made. But 
above all things I desire to have the mandamus 8 in my 
own hands. I shall treat Mons r without much ceremony 
when he gets among you, since I am also there when here. 
If Husk be come away pursue the contents of my letter 
to him. I shall expect your particular answer, and to 
know whether M r Justice Smith be living. May you live 
to see months of New Year's days, and always believe 
me, Sir, 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, Jan*7 1, 1732/3, 

This ord r shou'd be deliv d the Presid* in Council, but if 
Monsieur be not arriv d I think it best to deferr the delivery 
of it till the post be gone, to see whether the mandamus 3 
will come out. If I can get them, this ord r may be 
returnd me. 



Dear Jonathan, — I wrote you f- Follers 27 ult 1 , who 
is here lockt into the ice at the Long Wharfe, the severity 
of the season being exceeding. I intend this f one 
Collins going from New Hampshire. When I consider 
the weight of my obligations to the Bishop of Lincoln, it 
makes me studious & thoughtful 1 how to give him some 
substantial instance of my gratitude, which I think I now 

* B. W. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

240 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 

do, in telling you that M r Jekyl, the Collector of this 
port, dy'd the 30 of Dec r . This place is £100 a year ste r 
salary, and the perquisites more than £1200 this money : 
and if JVP Reynolds can be translated from Portsmouth 
hither he may with pleasure & honour become a N. 
England man. I say it will be a good £500 st r a year ; 
and he may here find a pretty woman with 5 or 6000 £ 
st r fortune when minded to marry ; and altho' it wou'd 
contribute greatly to my ease that he might succeed in 
what I have propos'd at N. Hamp, yet I must deny myself 
for so fine an establishment of the Bishop's son. All this 
I write in case the gent m * I mention'd (two years ago, 
and again lately) shou'd not be able to succeed. Then I 
say, it wou'd be very fair, both in me & M r Reynolds to 
make his interest and as early as possible on this advice. 

Give my duty to S r R. Walpole with the inclos'd, and 
my service to Coll 11 Bladen & Commiss r Fairfax, and let 
them know of the death of M r Jekyl. Because I have 
wrote my Lord of Lincoln and to several of the family f 
Follers I now forbear, & order you to give the Bishop an 
early sight of this letter, and that he wou'd do me the 
hon r to accept it as to himself, never mentioning my 
name or yours, nor do you to any body else, as to its 
import. I am always 

Y rs , in the greatest paternal affection. J. B. 

Boston, Jan* 1, 1732 [-3]. 

Via Portsm°. tf Collins. $ Follers. 


My Lords, — The Cap* to whom I deliver'd mine to 
your Lordships of 23 last month being to this day em- 
bargo' d by the ice gives me the opportunity of acquainting 
your Lordships, that after the Assembly's sitting here 

* William Fairfax. — Eds. 

1732-3.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE, 241 

upwards nine weeks I dismist them yesterday by their 
own request, and now cover to your Lordships the re- 
maining Journals of their House ; upon which I think 
your Lordships will easily observe that the House of Kepr 
of this Province are continually running wild, nor are 
their attempts for assuming (in a manner) the whole 
legislative, as well as the executive part, of the govern- 
ment into their own hands to be indur'd with honour to 
his Majesty. Your Lordships will find upon the King's 
Council's not agreeing to their vote of taking the publick 
affairs of the governm* into their hands in the recess of 
the Court, they made a vote yesterday fully impowring a 
committee of their own House to write the agent from 
time to time on the address & memorial of both Houses. 
This, most certainly, is assuming a power they have no 
right to, unless the address & memorial had been only 
from themselves. Had they sat a few days longer I shou'd 
have expected they wou'd have voted his Majesty's 
Council an useless part of the legislature. 

I have, my Lords, according to my duty to the King, 
been representing to your Lordships for 18 months past 
the great difficulty under which this Province labours 
thro' the perverseness & obstinacy of the House of Repr 
(or rather of a few designing men of influence among 
them), and really, my Lords, matters seem now to be 
hastning to a crisis, that I cannot apprehend the King's 
government can subsist any longer without his Majesty's 
immediate care. The officers & soldiers will certainly 
desert all the forts & garrisons, being naked & unable to 
do their duty for want of their just pay ; and this your 
Lordships will see by the several inclos'd petitions from 
the officers & soldiers, which I have laid before the 
Assembly to no purpose. 

About two years ago I sent the Leiu* Gov r of the 
Province with a number of other gent m to survey all the 
forts of the Province, and to make a report to me, which 


242 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 

they did ; and according to his Majesty's royal instruc- 
tions I sent the report they made to your Lordships. 
And about six months ago I made a tour into the eastern" 
frontiers, and survey'd all the forts there, and since that 
Castle William in this harbour (the principal fortification 
and key of this country). The forts on the frontier are 
all dropping down, and Castle William wants a large 
repair. To all these things I have had no answer from 
your Lordships ; but since the Province is come into the 
condition in which I now represent it, I must beg your 
Lordships to be no longer silent. For really, my Lords, 
if things thus continue (or still grow worse) this governm* 
& Province is in a fair way to fall into all confusion & be 
lost. I humbly beg your Lordships seriously to consider 
all I have & do write, and that you wou'd lay the state of 
this government before his Majesty, according to your 
wonted justice & wisdom. 

As to their long address & memorial they are mainly 
fill'd up with the old history of this country; which seems 
to me very impertinent and calculated more to move the 
passions than any thing else. The dispute as to the 
supply of the Treasury I think must intirely turn upon 
the words & sense of the Charter, and I hope his Majesty 
will steadily abide by his royal orders for the safety & 
honour of his government, and for the best good of his 
subjects here. 

Your Lordships may intirely depend, as I have, thro' 
the whole course of my administration, done every thing 
to support his Majesty's just right and authority, as well 
as to protect the liberties of his people, so I shall still 
proceed. Praying this dispute may have a speedy issue,, 
and that I may receive the result from your Lordships, I 
have the honour to be with great respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble seiV. 

J. B.\ 

Boston, JanT 5, 1732/3. 

$ Follers. Cowley. [Same to Duke of Newcastle.] 

1732-3.] TO JONATHAN BELCHER, JR. 243 


Dear Jonathan, — My last was via Portsm T one 
Collins. Since that is arriv'd Cap* Eaglestone from 
London, who brings me none from your uncle or you, 
which concludes me that you were gone into Derbyshire 
(to see your kinswoman). M r Wilks's letter of 23 Oct r , 
advising me he had been with my Lord President about 
the leave for taking my support, and without the desir'd 
success, gives the trouble of the inclos'd to D. N. Castle, E. 
Wilmington, & Lords of Trade, and if your uncle & you 
read one you read all ; nor do I know what further to say. 
It's an odd thing (and not practis'd till my administration) 
to keep an Assembly thro' the whole year on adjourn- 
ments, and shou'd not the King's leave reach me by April 
the £3000 I look upon a dead loss, because this Assembly 
expires by Charter; and in that case I don't in the least 
expect the next Assembly to revive a vote for this £3000 ; 
that I think your uncle, M r Wilks, & you ought to have 
been more active & vigorous in the matter, so as to have 
sent me the Royal leave by the fall ships, but that's too 
late. Pray, urge them, that they fail not to let me have 
it by the first in the spring (and a copy in case of 

If the gent m I have mention'd once & again for successor 
to M r Jekyl shou'd not prevail, but M r Reynolds be trans- 
lated I wish the other might succeed in the Collection of 
N. Hampshire, and fall into the Leiutenancy with a man- 
damus. His present salary at Salem is but £40 ; at 
Portsm it's £100 ; and Coll 11 Bladen wou'd doubtless 
give all his weight & influence, and perhaps the 150 
guineas might be sav'd. Your uncle & you may think of 
what I say. We are all well & kiss you with a great deal 
of love. 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Jan* 8, 1732/3. 
$ Follers. 

244 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 


Sir, — I find by yours of 5 Janu a that Cap* Peirce had 
declar'd before the Council how he came by his Majesty's 
mandamus directed to me for admitting him to be of his 
Majesty's Council of the Province of N. Hampshire, but 
that he knows nothing of the others, and I am inform'd 
the others say they never reed none. If what they say 
be true, they must some way or other have mist the way, 
and so may be lost, for I know they came by King. 

I am surpriz'd that Cap* Peirce shou'd write the Sec 17 
thus, The President proposed to have me immediately sworn 
into Council ; but the Sheriff e objected that his Ex cy,s leave 
must be first obtain d. How cou'd you, Sir, so much forget 
your duty, or presume to admit a gent m into the Council, 
or do any thing about the King's royal orders to me, 
without my special directions, since you know I am never 
absent from N. Hampshire, if in the Massachusetts ? I 
expect you to be more cautious & thotfull for the future. 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, JanT S, 1732/3. 


Sir, — I thank your care of my letters by last post. If 
Collins be not sail'd for London, let the inclos'd be iihedi- 
ately deliver'd him ; if gone, return it. I observe what 
you concluded about the two wanting mandamus 8 & 
acquiesce. The matter operates just as I wou'd have it. 
The longer they practice their impudent detention I am 
still more pleas'd. The poor P — d — t * is a despicable 

* Shadrach Walton. — Eds. 

1732-3.] TO RICHARD WALDR01ST. 245 

wretch ; the less I write him, and the less he does, the 
better. If he cou'd ex mero suo motu, get from the parties 
an acknowledgment or denial, and give me their answer 
under his hand, as you say (considering his station) a good 
improvment might be made of it. Give him such advice 
& sow up his mouth, if you can. If the order to the head 
officer in the Province be not yet put upon the files, I 
shou'd think it best to delay it 'till you are pretty sure 
Mons r will come among you, unless you think he may pop 
upon you upon a surprize. I am very much inclin'd to 
think he will come up, and if he shou'd it will be best he 
finds it on the files to stop his proceeding. Do with it as 
you judge best. Perhaps if he comes they'll deliver the 
mandamus 8 to him to be sent to me. As to P — r — ce, he 's 
an insignificant fellow, and I think it will be no great 
harm to admit him. I shall suspend him without cere- 
mony if he don't well behave. I have thought best to 
give you a distinct letter about his mandamus,* so you 
may send for him & read it to him, and advise him to 
draw & deliver you a very humble apology to the Gov r , 
& you must make him write it before he goes from you, 
or he may have ill advice, and let him know you'll 
endeavour to make his peace. I now return his lett r . As 
I have adjourn'd this Court to April, if it sutes your health 
& affairs I shou'd be glad you'd come & take a bed at 
my house. I think it wou'd be very proper to write home 
about the Line that it might meet the Ipswich lad,t and 
join with him (I mean the Gov r ) in that affair. Yet it 

* The letter here referred to was dated on the same day, and is as follows : " I thank 
your care in forwarding to me his Majesty's royal mandamus for admitting Joshua Peirce, 
Esq., to be a member of his Majesty's Council of the Province of N. Hampshire. Pray, 
Sir, what is come of the others ? Had it not been for the notification I order'd you to insert 
in the publick prints I suppose this had been still clandestinely detain'd. By a ship that 
sails the next week to London I shall lay before his Majesty the impudence of such pro- 
ceedings, and how his royal orders are trifel'dwith by those that have gotten the possession 
of them, and wait his royal pleasure before I admit persons to be of his Council who dare 
be guilty of such vile practices. Communicate this to his Majesty's Council with my 
humble service." — Eds. 

t Rindge. — Note by Rev. Br. Belknap. 

246 TIIE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 

may be best you stay 'till you hear something of certainty 
about the Irishman.* I am, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Jan 1 * 8, 1732 3. 

Tell Collins to put M r P's l ttr into first onice he comes to 
in England. 


My Lords, — In the Address of the two Houses to his 
Majesty and their Memorial to the Hono ble House of Com- 
mons of G fc Britain, it is said that a former General Court 
of this Province put the same sense on the Charter as 
to the power of passing of accompts which the present 
Assembly do, and as soon as they had leisure & occasion 
to consider & debate upon the several powers & privi- 
ledges granted the whole Court, and such as were given the 
one or the other branches, they pass'd an act & supply'd 
the Treasury, by which act the Assembly were not forbid, 
but by express words had power to exert themselves as 
well as the two other branches in ordering the publick 
debts and other payments to be made. To what purpose, 
my Lords, this act is cited is difficult to determine. For 
it was never yet disputed whether the Gen 11 Court have 
power to raise money and order that it shall be apply'd 
for payment of the publick debts and for the services of 
the government ; but this proves nothing in favour of the 
claim to examine & order payment of particular accounts, 
and it happens unfortunately for the memorialists that 
the act they here refer to (which was passed in the year 
1693, and is entitled an Act for a present supply of the 
Treasury, and which I now inclose to your Lordships) has 
not one syllable in it that can support this claim, but on 

t D. D. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

1732-3.] TO THE LORDS OF TKADE. 247 

the contrary the whole sum granted by this act was to be 
issued and paid out of the publick Treasury according to 
the orders of the Gov r & Council, without any limitation 
or restraint. It is true in the preamble of this act men- 
tion is made of payments allow' d by the General Court, 
but nothing said of payment of accounts, which are the 
only payments in dispute. The General Assembly have 
been in the constant practice of ordering the payment of 
salaries & allowances to the Gov r & Judges and other 
officers of the government, & of stipends, premiums, &c a , 
which are undoubtedly the payments intended in the 
afores d clause of that act. But these things are no ways 
affected by his Majesty's 30 th instruction, and therefore 
out of the case. It is further alledg'd in the said address 
that the Gen 11 Assembly have ever since that act pass'd 
upon accounts, and when they so did his Majesty's Council 
concurr'd, and the several Gov rs gave their consent thereto. 
It is granted that they have, and that for the first four 
years under the present Charter the Gen 11 Court allow'd 
six accounts ; and since that 'till the year 1721, where 
the Court have allow'd accounts to the value of £5 the 
Gov r & Council have allow'd others to the amount of 
£100, and the accounts allow'd by the Gen 11 Court being 
so few & the sums so inconsiderable in comparison of 
what were allowed by the Gov r & Council, and the As- 
sembly never making their examination & allowance of 
accounts a condition in the supply of the Treasury 'till 
the year 1721, but leaving it to the Gov r & Council, 
according to the directions of the Charter, it might not be 
thought necessary to break the peace of the government 
by entring into a controversy with the Assembly for such 
small deviations from the establisht rules of drawing 
money out of the Treasury. But since they set up a claim 
to examine all accounts & entirely to divest the Gov r & 
Council of the power of disposing of the publick money, 
and thereby to make an essential alteration in the form 



of the government establish'd by Charter, it is highly 
necessary that his Majesty shou'd assert his own right 
which has been so manifestly invaded by this new practice. 
I am with great regard, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' very obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Janua 9, 1732/3. 

$ Follers. Cowley. 


My Lords, — I have wrote your Lordships very par- 
ticularly f> this convey a with respect to the dispute 
depending with the House of Repr of this Province. I 
say, with the House of Repr, for altho' the Council have 
join'd with them in the Address to the King, and in the 
Memorial to the House of Commons, yet it's truly & 
properly an affair of the Repr who are contending for a 
power the Charter has reserv'd to the Gov r & Council, 
and as the Council have that power already, it must not 
be said they are contending for it, unless it be to make 
themselves acceptable to the Repr against the next elec- 
tion. For really, my Lords, that is too much the naked 
truth of the business as to the part the Council act in this 
matter, at least I fully believe so. 

I must now, my Lords, add what I judge may contri- 
bute to his Majesty's honour, and to the good order, 
peace, & welfare of his subjects in this Province. First, 
as to his Majesty's 16 instruction restraining the issuing 
any considerable value of bills of credit on the Province, 
the trade of which is grown large, and a medium to sup- 
port & increase it doubtless absolutely necessary. Yet 
better to have none than such bills as have been issued 
here for a long time past. But I shou'd think if I might 
have leave from the King to sign a bill of the nature of 
the inclos'd it wou'd greatly contribute to the ease of the 

1732-3.] TO THE LORDS OF TKADE. 249 

people here in affairs of commerce & every thing else, 
and the bills wou'd come out on the best foundation of 
any that has yet been laid in the government. This is 
the second bill of the kind which the Assembly has past 
here, and to which I have deny'd my assent, as it inter- 
feres with his Majesty's royal instruction. I now also 
cover to your Lordships his Majesty's 15 instruction to 
me, forbidding my passing any law that has in it a re- 
pealing clause of any other law. Of this the Assembly 
make a heavy complaint, and say that it is directly con- 
trary to the Charter, and so against the very tenour & 
design of his Majesty's royal commission to me for the 
government of this Province, and they think to make a 
great handle of it in their favour. Your Lordships will 
please therefore to compare this instruction with the 
Charter, and make your judgment whether it may not be 
prudent & reasonable that his Majesty abates it by a new 
instruction. For doubtless the Parliament of G* Britain, 
that wise and august Assembly, makes laws and again 
revokes them as they find them inconvenient or injurious. 
Nor can the Assembly here be suppos'd always to make 
laws that it may be best they shou'd forever remain 

Your Lordships will please to pardon this trouble, 
which I think duty to his Majesty requires of me. I am 
with great respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obed fc & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Jarm* 12, 1732/3. 
$ Follers. Cowley. 


250 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 


Sir, — I wrote you 5 of last month f Shepherd, and 
now thank you for your kind letter of 25 Oct r f> Alden, 
by which I find the Parliament was to set the 17 ins t to 
do business, and that it was said it wou'd be dissolv'd as 
soon as this session was over, which is matter of specula- 
tion, and I wish the next election may produce a better. 
The haughty Spanish Madame finds the treasures of the 
Indies very convenient to support and display her vanity, 
and doubtless every year will produce an armada 'till we 
administer another Sicilian drubbing. I do indeed wish 
they wou'd give us a vast heap of pistoles to dismantle & 
demolish Gibralter, and always so to remain. How shou'd 
we feel with a Spanish garrison at Falmouth ? I suppose 
the new K. of Sardinia has had a better interest in the 
priests than his late unfortunate father, whom they have 
dispatcht for the greater ease of the son. And the death 
of his Palatinate Highness may open some new scene in 
Europe. His Prussian Majesty is but rough & surley. 

I really think you judge well in the matter of Georgia, 
and wish M r Oglethorp may find you mistaken. I am 
really, Sir, under discouragment in my own mind as to 
that new settlement, from the apprehensions I have of the 
violent heats and the terrible thunder & lightning. If it 
succeeds it may be a fine Colony in time ; yet I shou'd be 
glad to hear you continue at home as a Director, and that 
you are always too wise to try the climate, especially 
since you are running on to a man's last climacteric. I 
am heartily sorry to hear of poor M rs Coram's ill state of 
health, which may Almighty God recover & confirm to 
yours & her great & long satisfaction. I remain, with 
much respect, Sir, 

Your assured friend & serv fc . J. B. 

Boston, Janua 13, 1732,3. 

$ Pollers. 

1732-3.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 251 


My Lords, — Altho' I have wrote you w this convey 3, 
of 5, 8, & 12 ins*, yet the ship being detain'd I think it 
my duty to say to your Lordships that I have taken all 
possible care & pains ever since my arrival to have the 
long contested boundaries betwixt the Massachus tts & 
N. Hampshire adjusted agreeable to his Majesty's royal 
orders to me, but I can see no prospect of its being ac- 
complisht, and the poor borderers on the lines (if your 
Lordships will allow me so vulgar an expression) live like 
toads under a harrow, being run into goals on the one 
side and the other as often as they please to quarrel. 
Such is the sad condition of his Majesty's subjects that 
live near the lines. They pull down one another's houses, 
often wound each other, and I fear it will end in blood- 
shed, unless his Majesty in his great goodness gives some 
effectual order to have the bounds fixt. Altho', my 
Lords, I am a Massachus tts man, yet I think this Province 
alone is culpable on this head. N. Hampshire has all 
along been frank & ready to pay exact duty & obedience 
to the King's order, and have manifested a great inclina- 
tion to peace & good neighbourhood. But in return the 
Massachusetts Province have thrown unreasonable ob- 
stacles in the way of any settlement, and altho' they 
have for 2 or 3 years past been making offers to settle 
the boundaries with N. York & Rh d Island in an open, 
easy, amicable way, yet when they come to settle with 
N. Hampshire they will not do so with them, which 
seems to me a plain argument that the leading men of 
the Massachusetts Assembly are conscious to themselves 
of continual incroachments they are making upon their 
neighbours of N. Hampshire, and so dare not come to a 
settlement. I say, my Lords, in duty to the King, and 
from a just care of his subjects of N. Hampshire, I think 
myself oblig'd to set this matter in the light I now do, 

252 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 

nor do I ever expect to see it settl'd but by a peremptory 
order from his Majesty appointing Commiss™ to do it, and 
those agreed to by both Assemblies Feb r , 1730/1, — 
Joseph Talcott, Esq., Gov r of Connecticutt, Joseph Jenks, 
Esq., then Gov r of Rh d Island, & Adolph Philips, Esq., 
Speak r of the Assembly at N. York, — are gent m of 
good ability & integrity, and altho' the Massachusetts, I 
fear, will still decline joining in the affair, yet I believe 
N. Hampshire from their desire to peace & good order 
wou'd re Joyce to see such a direction from the King, and 
be glad to be at the whole charge rather than the dispute 
shou'd still continue. I therefore humbly pray your Lord- 
ships so to represent this affair to his Majesty, that there 
may be an end of strife & contention. 

And if your Lordships approve of the bill I now send 
you for emitting bills of credit on a foundation of gold & 
silver, and that I may have his Majesty's leave for doing 
it in the Massachusetts, I pray I may also have the same 
liberty of doing it in N. Hampshire, where they are in 
great distress for something to pass in lieu of money, and 
without speedy help it will be almost impossible for that 
little Province to support any trade. 

I have the honour to be with all possible esteem & 
respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Janu a 13, 1732/3. 

$ Follers. Cowley. 


Hono ble Sir, — How came the P & old H. to be so 

silly as to hold a Council without you ? But you know 
children will strut while you hold the end of their lead- 
ing strings & fancy they can walk without help. 

I think nothing can be so gigantic a fool as the good 

1732-3.] TO EICHAKD WALDKOST. 253 

old Ind n hunter.* As to the order for Mons r , you may 
file it just when you judge it best; perhaps the two 
mandamus 8 will be more easily drawn out before that 
order be known. 

I now inclose you open, Peirce's mandamus, his letter 
to me, my answer, and my answer to the Presid*. After 
recording the mandamus, return it to me. Copy Peirce's 
letter, my answer, and mine to the President to remain 
on the files of your office. Then deliver mine to Walton 
& Peirce open, and return me Peirce's letter; and so I 
think the affair of his mandamus will stand settl'd to 
our future advantage. Perhaps his being admitted upon 
his sending his mandamus to the Gov r may encourage the 
others to desire theirs may be sent. However, I wish the 
Council cou'd lay their hands on them by stratagem or 
any other way. Why didn't the old fool keep 'em while 
he had them to read, when he saw they belong'd to me 
by their direction ? P — r — ce is a poor animal. I'll 
make him confess himself a lyar before the Council 
when I come to N. Hampshire ; and if he don't behave 
very mannerly I'll trounce him without ceremony. 

I have wrote a long letter to the Lords of Trade in 
favour of N. Hampshire about the Line, and to have 
leave to make them some good money, which letter I 
shall bring with me to N. Hampshire. Pray, when will 
be best for the Court to sit? I am thinking of the 
last week in April. Wicked Jerry has been pluckt of 
£460 by Ben Atkinson. I believe he is special poor; 
has been with me once & again to beg his brother may 
be protected at N. Hampshire. I told him I dare not 
interfere with the course of law & justice; but as the 
King's Gov r it was my duty to administer it impartially to 
all the King's subjects, upon which he lookt very blank ; 
yet he thinks his brother will venture into the Province, 

* Walton. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

254 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 

and stay 'till he finds me upon the borders, for he says he 
can't stay any longer at Pemaquid. Poor rascal, he is in 
the condition such villains ought always to be. I fancy 
you'll see him in a week or ten days, if not sooner. King 
has put in an advertisement & saves you the trouble* 

Your servant J. B. 

Boston, Janu a 15, 1732/3. 


M E Tullit, — I have desir'd my brother M r Partridge 
to get me some cloaths made, and that you shou'd make 
them, and have sent him the yellow grogram suit you 
made me at London ; but those you make now must be 
two or three inches longer and as much bigger. Let 'em 
be workt strong, as well as neat and curious. I believe M r 
Harris in Spittlefields (of whom I had the last) will let 
you have the grogram as good & cheap as any body. 
The other suit to be of a very good silk. I have some- 
times thought a rich damask wou'd do well, or some good 
thick silk, such as may be the Queen's birthday fashion, 
but I don't like pudisway. It must be a substantial silk, 
because you'll see I have order'd it to be trimm'd rich, 
and I think a very good white shagrine will be the best 
lining. I say, let it be a handsome compleat suit, and 
two pair of breeches to each suit. I hope M r Belcher of 
the Temple is your customer, and that he don't dishonour 
his father. I am, Sir, 

Your ready friend J. B. 

* " Boston, January 10, 1732. Whereas, by a certain Proclamation inserted in the 
Prints of January 1st, it is said that divers publick Papers were sent from London, in the 
Ship Falmouth Capt. King Blaster, directed to his Excellency the Governour, and were 
never delivered; which seems to cast a Reflection on the said Master, and may be a Preju- 
dice to him, THIS is to Notify that nothing was committed to the said Master's Care, directed 
to Governour BELCHES but what he delivered to His Excellency with his own Hands, on 
the Day of his arrival. If any such Papers were committed to the Care of the Passengers, 
they are accountable for them. William King:' 1 See the Boston Weekly News-Letter, 
from Jan. 4 to Jan. 11, 1733. — Eds. 

1732-3.] TO ISAAC ROYALL. 255 

Some pieces of the cloaths must be sent me for mend- 
ing, when wanted.* 

Boston, Janu a 22, 1732/3. 

Holman (to Dartm ). $ White. 


Dear Sir, — The 13 ins* I reed your favour of 30 
Sept r T Dove, and am oblig'd for your care in the negroe 
boy, which you'll be pleas'd to send me by the first good 
opportunity in the spring4 I take a very particular 
notice of all you say about the Sugar Bill & confirm what 
T wrote in my last that I have not those terrible appre- 
hensions about it as to this Province which most people 
have. I am very sorry to hear of the impovrisht cir- 
cumstances to which most of our English islands are 
redue'd ; and if the bill shou'd not pass in all its parts, 
yet I shou'd think it very just to lay a large duty on the 
produce of forreign countries. M r Royall compleated the 
purchase of Usher's farm some time ago. I believe the 
title is good, & it's a good estate, and will cost to have 
all things done to your mind at least £15,000. But of 
this & the improvement of it we may talk more when I 
have the happiness to see you. You are right to sell 
Roe's estate for the most you can. 

* In a letter to his brother, sent by the same conveyance, Governor Belcher wrote : 
" It is now about three years since I made my cloathing at London (nor have I had a rag 
since my arrival), and they are now grown old & out of fashion. I must therefore for the 
King's honour & my own, have some new against the spring. Wou'd therefore pray your 
particular care to send me the several things, according to the inclos'd note, to be here 
some time in May next, and because I know I shall fall in your debt, I desire you wou'd 
give Mr Gatcomb order to receive the bill of £100 sf which I underwrote so long ago, 
& I will by the spring ships remit you more money. So you must not fail to send me the 
cloathing, &c*, I now direct to." — Eds. 

f Isaac Royall was born in 1672, spent many years of his life in Antigua, and returned 
to Massachusetts in 1737, having previously bought Lieutenant-Governor Usher's farm in 
Medford. He died there June 7, 1739. The negotiations for the purchase of this farm are 
referred to several times in Governor Belcher's letters. — Eds. 

X In the preceding January Governor Belcher had asked Colonel Royall to send him 
a negro boy to be an apprentice to his coachman. — Ens. 

256 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 

We have a duty here of £4 a head on negroes, laid 
many years since ; but I have lately reed his Majesty's 
commands not to suffer any new duty. You will have 
seen by several of my speeches that I shou'd have thought 
it wise in this Assembly to have laid a heavy duty on 
rum, more especially on that of the forreign islands ; but 
I have not been able to prevail. I promise myself, Sir, 
much pleasure in seeing you here sometime in May or 
June next. I pray you to make mine & M rs Belcher's 
compliments to your lady & little Miss, and let Mad m 
Royall know we have plenty of good wood & can keep 
our house warm enough in the coldest winters. She must 
not therefore entertain a thought of staying behind. 
Besides you may tell her the Gov r & Council here have 
the power of divorces, and I wou'd not have her run the 
hazard of losing so good a husband for want of paying 
him due honour & respect. At least she must come & 
trye one winter, and I have no doubt but she'll find as 
good health as ever Antigua gave her. Mad m & you will 
forgive this freedom. 

This day your brother M r J. Royall was with me to 
know whether I inclin'd to part with my house and gar- 
dens in Hannover Street, and I told him as I might never 
live in it again, if I cou'd find a person to my mind to 
succeed in it I believ'd I shou'd sell it.* He told me he 
had a mind for it for yourself. I told him I had rather 
you shou'd have it than any other man. It is certainly 
the most of a gent m ' 8 seat of any thing in this country. 
He says he hints it to you, so you'll give him an answer 
as soon as possible, because I have had two other gent m 
with me about it, but I have made no price, so am at 

* Governor Belcher's "house and gardens in Hannover Street" were not sold at this 
time. Hut by deed recorded March 25, 1735 (Suffolk Deeds, lib. 50, fol. 113), he conveyed 
to Joseph Green of Boston, merchant, an estate on Hanover Street, containing about three 
quarters of an acre, and the buildings thereon, in consideration of .£3600; and subsequently, 
by deed recorded March 4, 1730-7 (Suffolk Deeds, lib. 53, fol. 243), he conveyed to Jacob 
Royall an estate adjoining the above, measuring forty feet on the street by two hundred 
and sixty feet deep, and a brick house thereon, in consideration of £3000. — Ens. 

1732-3.] TO JONATHAN BELCHER, JR. 257 

liberty. I have told M r Royall £4000 is the least I will 
take, and if there were no gardens nor buildings, the 
land wou'd fetch £3000 at this day. 
I remain with my best respects, Sir, 

Your friend & very humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Janu a 29, 1732/3. 

$ Eaglestone. 


My dear Son, — I wrote you a few lines 16 ultf W 
Follers, and 'till God shall allow me the favour of hearing 
from you, I have not much to add. The sitting of the 
Assembly of this Province from 1 Nov r to 4 Janu a pre- 
vented my meeting the Assembly at N w Hampshire (as 
usual), but intend to be there 22 ins*. This I mention 
lest any malecontents from thence shou'd think it worthy 
of complaint thro' the hands of Rindge (their creature). 
Your uncle & you will see what I write the Lords of 
Trade upon the insolence of Atkinson and Wentworth 
about the King's mandamus 8 for their admittance into the 
Council, which I depend you'll both endeavour their Lord- 
ships may justify me in by their letter ; nor must you fail 
(between you) to send me the mandamus 8 for the persons 
I have nam'd, or there will be a majority in the Council 
against the Gov r , which will be inconvenient & dishon- 
ourable. I say, therefore, hasten those mandamus 8 to me. 
I am told the malecons. have wrote home in a pressing 
manner to get the King to accept the long report of the 

ords of Trade in favour of Dunbar, and that Rindge & 
Tomlinson* are to act in the matter. It has lain dormant 

or 14 months, and your uncle in one of his last wrote 
ne he thought the Lord Presid* wou'd have it read & 

* John Thomlinson, a merchant in London. After Rindge's return home he had charge 
f the agency in behalf of Belcher's opponents. See New Hampshire Provincial Papers, 
ol. iv. pp. 833-865. —Eds. 


258 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1732-3. 

formally dismist. If you think it will take such a turn, 
push it heartily, for that wou'd be a happy end of it in 
my favour, and sufficiently mortify & defeat my Leiu* 
Gov r & all his adherents. But shou'd it be accepted, it 
wou'd in a manner supersede my commission for that 
Province, and bring on all manner of confusion. So 
your uncle & you must have recourse to all I wrote about 
it to D. N. Castle, &c a . These things, I am well assur'd 
are stirr'd up anew by wicked Jerry, whom I look upon a 
villain not to be matcht but by his brother. I hope M r 
Wilks, your uncle, & you have taken the needfull care 
for my having the Royal leave f> the first ship to take 
the £3000 granted me last June. For shou'd it not be 
here some time in April, depend on it that £3000 will 
be a dead loss to me & my family. As this letter is to 
your uncle, as well as to you, I shall have the less to say 
in his. 

Your mother, brothers & sister join their kindest love 
(to you) with that of 

Your dearly loving father. J. B. 

Your uncle must send with my cloathing a very hand- 
some sword-knot, cane-string, & cockade, all of orange 
ribbon richly flower'd with silver & crimson. I believe 
he may get a few yards wove on purpose. 

Gov r Harrison's letter is from Gov r Cosbey, and it may 
be worth your while to know of his servants a leisure 
minute to deliver it with your own hands, and make him 
your compliments of covering an answer to me, when he 
is minded to write. I say it may be for your service to 
be generally known to men of his influence & character. 

J. B. 

Boston, Feb^ 5, 1732/3. 
tf Quick. 

1733.] TO RICHARD WALDRON". 259 


Sir, — You will deliver the inclos'd, except the old 
Indian hunter's,* which perhaps may best be kept till 
the post is come away, if you think it any advantage to 
keep my coming a secret. I expect to meet Don Quixott 
at Portsm , and perhaps he may meet some other vis- 
siters he may like as little as he does his Gov r . I shall 
be well enough pleas' d that the Scotch loon £ lopes at 
my coming. 

I believe we may do ourselves good service about the 
Mediterranean passes Husk mentions. If the weather 
don't hinder I intend to be at Hampton on Wednesday, 
21 curr 4t , in the afternoon. As it's a difficult season I 
am content to see only a few of my best friends there. 
The Surveyor General intends to come with me, & ex- 
pects to lodge with his Collector. I am, Hono ble Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Fefrr 12, 1732/3. 

Has Portsm any bay & oats, or must I stow enough 
into the boot of the chaise for my journey ? 



Hono ble Sir, — Soon after I left you at Hampton, I 
found a plentifull table spread at Coll 11 Kent's at Newbury, 
and lodg'd that night at my excellent mother's. The 
next day I din'd at Coll 11 Appleton's,§ and lodg'd at Salem 
that night at Judge Lynde's, where was a fine supper ? 
which a little shockt me, since I cou'd n't make a return 
of so much respect but by a breach on the respectable 

* Shadrach Walton's. — Eds. 
t D. D. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 
% Jaffrey. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 
§ At Ipswich. — Eds. 


rules of temperance & abstinence. The next day (16 ins*) 
I thank God I got well home, & found all things well. 
From the time I left you to getting hither I found con- 
stant relays of good company. 

I was told the Scotch loon embarkt in a sloop home- 
ward the evening before I got hither. I hope the Presi- 
dent has done his duty in delivering my order, and shou'd 
it not take effect on his part, it may still be best for some 
reasons, and also give me a proper occasion to suspend 
him from the Board. 

I deliver'd you my 30 instruction 2 years ago ; but least 
you have mislaid it I now inclose a copy that you may 
know your constant duty, and practice it. Agreeable 
whereto at present you must send me every thing that 
past the whole General Court (this last session) with a 
certificate affixt thereto, for me to sign under the Province 
seal, and naked copies of whatever else past in Council, 
with your attestation. 

I also send you my 31 instruction, which I deliver'd M r 
J. Jeffries at same time ; in conformity whereto tell him 
it's my order that he deliver you to transmit me what 
past in the Lower House. 

As the papers you sent me are of no service, I return 
them & copy of my message to the House of 9 curr 1 *. I 
say things must be sent in due form, for I have been once 
reprimanded for sending N. Hampshire papers otherwise. 
Be they never so minute & insignificant, yet so it must 
be. As to Warner, if any use can be made of him, it 
may be best to think of it in proper season. I am pretty 
much inclin'd to think the Pemaquid chap will soon be 
with you. And as his minions offer'd their m-d-m-s 8 
my order of 1 Janu a may seem not to suit the present 
circumstance of affairs. I therefore inclose another to be 
deliver'd him by the President, if you shou'd find it need- 
full, which I can scarce suppose. 

As you guest it was not long before we had a Londoner, 


Cap' Homans arriving yesterday, in six weeks, T whom 
my letters from Whitehall bear date 10 Feb™, and tell me 
I must not expect M r Collector's return, but that there is 
a probability of getting the Leiutenancy for Coll 11 S. at the 
charge of £150 st r ; and that if it be not gain'd for him, 
either the next Councellor to the Presid* # or the Spanish 
merch* t will advance the money & have it. We must 
therefore no longer stand shilly shally, but deliver the 
inclos'd & read to the Coll 11 what I write and they write 
me. If he once gets the commission there is no doubt of 
his being in for life, and doubtless it may be worth £200 
to £250 a year. He may be sure of all my kind indul- 
gence, as he was the first I mention'd upon the death of 
his late brother-in-law.:}: I am still most desirous he shou'd 
have it, and being once brought to bear I believe it will 
soon render all things easy ; whereas the success of either 
of the other will keep up, if not increase, the wicked spirit. 
There must be no time lost in a resolution about this 
matter. If the Coll 11 approves, he must f> return of the 
post write M r Partridge a letter that he will punctually 
reimburse the charge, which he seems willing to advance 
for him. He is concern' d in 2 ships gone home, whereby 
the payment may be order' d. I say talk fully with him, 
and let me have his answer. 

Shou'd n't there be a notification put into the prints of 
the forfeiture of the six towns, and how they are intended 
to be dispos'd of ? I mean to publish the last vote of 
Council in that matter ; or will it be best to defer it a 
little longer? 

With my handsomest compliments to Mad m Waldron, I 
am, Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, March 26, 1733. 

* Jaffrey. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 
t B. W. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

J Lieut.-Gov. John Wentworth died Dec. 12, 1730, a few months only after Belcher's 
arrival in Boston as Governor. — Eds. 



Hono ble Sir, — I shall be expecting all things in form 
¥> return of the post. You'll see by what I write that the 
fish bites home, and I'll pursue in the best methods T can. 
Tell the Coll 11 , however, all must remain a dead secret, 
least we fail. 

My letters last Saturday via N. York from London 
say, " Janu a 13. Cap* Rindge is now arriv'd here, and I 
hear intends to return soon to N. England, so am apt to 
think he scarce will attempt any thing about the matter 
of complaints ; but if he shou'd I believe I have put a 
spoke in his wheel already at the Board of Trade, having 
been before hand at the Sec ry ' s . But I shall watch him." 
And again, " I have put in for Joseph Sherburne & Ellis 
Husk to be Councellors of N. Hampshire, and don't doubt 
but it will be done, there being but two vacancies." 

I have no new reason about Teague's making you a 
visset, more than that I hear nothing of his having leave 
to go home, and he must go somewhere. 

If the Scotchman has such bundles of bills he knows 
his duty ; the accounts must be made up & the bills burnt. 
That will be some vindication. Every thing else is but 
rhotomontade. My letters from Whitehall are much to 
my satisfaction, and more particularly every thing re- 
specting M r Belcher, who is much oblig'd for your good 
wishes, & so is, Sir, 

Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, April 2, 1733. 


Dear Jonathan, — My last was 5 of Feb r (11 weeks 
agoe) T Quick. I have now lying before me your dutifull 
letters of Janu a 15, Feb r 8 & 10 ? Scutt, Crocker, & 
Homans, the last of which arriv'd here 25 March, and is 


now ready to return. Astell is yet wanting, and we are 
hourly expecting Shepherdson, who (it's said) was to 
follow in 10 or 14 days after these sail'd. I wish the last 
was got in. Yet as Homans is urgent to be gone, I will 
go on to answer what of yours I have reed. 

I observe mine were got to hand to 1 of Janu a with 
what were inclos'd, and that you'd take such junctures to 
deliver them as might be to your best advantage. 

The arms, British Compendium, & Gardner I suppose 
will soon be here. As to Rapin, I must wait 'till its com- 
pleated; then send me the two volumns handsomely 

I take a particular notice of all you have sent me and 
say respecting your Master's degree at Cambridge ; let 
me know whether you performed any exercises, and how 
was the ceremony of your actual admission to it. 

I have your book of expence to 27 August, 1732, which 
I have cursorily lookt into, and return the copy of one 
side to know the meaning of the sums in the margin. I 
am mighty desirous to give you the best education I pos- 
sibly can. Yet frugality & good husbandry you may set 
down for a shining vertue. And really, Jonathan, £333. 
17. 6 % st r for one year's expence at the Temple is a 
great deal (altho' it be the first year, requiring furniture, 
&c a ). I mean by this that you must seriously consider & 
learn the value of money. I have again talkt with Judge 
Lynde & Judge Dudley (the latter a Gov r ' s eldest son), and 
they both tell me their whole annual expence did not 
reach quite £120 st r (I mean for one of 'em). The times 
may be alter' d, and extravagance now more fashionable & 
tyrannical ; yet the difference is vast. M r Auchmuty tells 
me his whole first year's expence at the Temple was no 
more than £90. It will be best that you have your 
second year's expence ready to send me 28 Aug 8t next. 

I most humbly & heartily bless God for your recovery 
from the epidemical & mortal cold that rag'd at London. 


I herewith send you copies of the very obliging letters 
from Duke of Chandos & Lord Townshend, with a para- 
graph out of M r Morton's, for the sake of what I have 
markt, being agreeable to cautions of the like nature in 
some of my letters. 

It is the late Mr. Jekyll's third son who is made Col- 
lector, and I believe is worth 5 to 600£ st r a year. 

If a degree at Oxford may be obtain'd with small 
expence, as I suppose it may, now you have had one at 
Cambridge, I shou'd think it a proper honorary to have 
one there ad eundem. 

I am glad the B p of London accepted kindly what I 
hinted of his son's succession to &c a . Solomon sayes, The 
desire of a man is his kindness. 

Altho' I have alwayes material, substantial things 
enough to fill a letter to you, yet I am desirous to have you 
a correct, accomplisht gent m to an iota. I must therefore 
observe that you say, The Commissioner has not sufficient 
influence. Had the Commiss r been a primier minister, or of 
very distinguished quality at Court, that epithet might 'a' 
been proper, being only to be us'd to such superiour persons, 
but to those who are oblig'd to attendance & dependance 
must be us'd the word interest or favour. So it had been 
well exprest to have said : He had not interest sufficient. 
You have said well afterwards : The Duke will give it all 
his great weight & influence. Again, you say, The ex- 
pences of my first year, &c a , I hope will lay before, &c a . 
There the word shou'd be will lye, to make it good sense. 
You say when you have slid off some of your present 
incumbences. I think incumbrances had been better. I 
allow incumbency is from incumbo, to lye upon a man, but 
incumbrance is an impediment or hindrance from this or 
that. I thank your ingenious paraphrase on the word 
resent. But if you look carefully into Boyer, you'll find 
he uses it twice to once in a bad sense ; and I have a much 
greater veneration for Adam Littleton than Abel Boyer, 


for the etymology & true meaning of words, and in 
Littleton you'll find the sense of the word as I gave it 
you. The Latine for resent is, sensu officio?*, vel tang or. 
To resent a thing, or take it ill, wgre accipere. Again, a 
resentment, animi dolor. Yet after all I allow it may be 
us'd in a kind, good sense ; but I think it's almost obsolete 
so to do. I say, I think you'll seldom find the present 
polite world so using it. My dear, forgive these trifling 
criticisms in a father (perhaps too fond of your honour), 
who has things of much more moment to mind. 

If M r Reynolds can't obtain what we have been trying 
for, I think the Bishop concludes wisely that he shou'd 
not return hither. 

I shall say nothing more on the article of your standing 
a candidate at the next election 'till I have your's & 
your uncle's particular answer to what I have wrote so 
fully thereupon. 

I again say a letter from the D. of Newcastle, approving 
the conduct of my administration, wou'd do me great 

Since you are so desirous & pressing to be quit of your 
hair, I condescend and am content you cutt it off, the day 
after your compleating the second year of your lodging in 
the Temple, say 28 Aug st next. Always buy your wiggs at 
the Court End of the town. Altho' they'll cost more, they 
are so much more nice & genteel. Your countenance 
being fresh & ruddy, very fair wiggs (such as I wear) will 
become you best, yet after all, none so well as your own 
hair ; but I have done & submit. 

Your uncle must squeeze some gilt paper, wax, & pens 
out of De la Faye, Sharp, or Courand, for my stock is just 

The letters you had from D. of Chandos & Lord Towns- 
hend are very kind & handsome. 

I am sensible you have a vast many things alwayes 
before you. I therefore now charge your uncle to spare 



you as much as possible in all my affairs. Always 
remember your own special hoc agendum. And I like well 
your chamber music for the reason you give. Yet I say, 
walking, riding, fencing, and dancing must be parts of 
your recreation, because they will so much contribute to 
an athletic constitution. Observe the caution I have often 
given you, not to overbear your strength by too much 

I perfectly agree with you to take leave of all your cor- 
respondents but your father ; and it wou'd be unreasonable 
for any to be angry, since you are oblig'd to write me so 
constantly & so largely. 

If your annual expence must be £200 a year, I will take 
care to supply it (exclusive of fencing k dancing). 

Let M r Hollis have his letter, & D. of Chandos his. And 
you must know of his Grace when he will allow you the 
honour of a few minutes private conversation, praying 
him at same time to conceal my name & yours. And 
then you may say to his Grace, as from me : What, if your 
Grace shou'd make a thorro enquiry into the value of the 
New York land (exclusive of all controversy about it) 
before you run out any great matter upon it ? This hint 
I propose from the great respect & honour I have for his 
Grace. I am sensible the value is easily to be come at, 
and am afraid the game will hardly pay for the candle. 
We have vast quantities of wilderness lands in these 
Provinces, and to be had for a small sterling suih. 

I am content with what you say of reading the Old & 
New Testament, as also about the Proverbs & Ecclesiastes 
for a Vade Mecum. But pray tell me what it wou'd cost 
to print 'em by themselves in octavo or duodecimo, with 
an Elziver letter. 

I am glad you have lately gone through the late Lord 
Lechmere's patent. 

I am pleas'd with your proposal of spending the four 
idle Temple months under your Cambridge Civilian, and 


to return at Michelmass term. I say, it's well judg'd, 
and what I much approve. 

The reason you give why he that stands for an election 
cannot be secret in it, I allow to be good ; yet in all affairs 
of life as much secrecy as can be practised is generally 

It is well that for the future your uncle & you will send 
all letters relating to me or my family under my cover. 

1 forgot to give you the inclos'd pedigree of our family 
when you went away. 

Altho' Coll 11 Bladen seems strange to you ; yet when- 
ever you accidentally see him, treat him with all possible 
civility & good manners. 

I make a strong remark on what you say of the favour 
& interest D — b — r has. 

You are mistaken about the profits of the N. Hamp 
Leiutenancy, if you imagine I ever did or will allow any 
Leiu* the least farthing out of my £600 a year. No, all 
the advantage to be made is by the perquisites, which I 
believe are not more than <£200 a year, this currency. 
However Coll 11 Henry Sherburne gives your uncle full 
orders by this conveyance to get it for him if he can, and 
has told him where to go for the money. The success 
of it wou'd give me great ease & satisfaction in that 

I observe my leave for taking the £3000 was gone 
from Lords of Trade, & lay at the Council Office. This 
Assembly expires in 5 days more, which time may bring 
it. If not, then — 

When M r Popple writes me on the head you mention, 
he shall have my particular answer. In the mean time 
give him my humble service, and tell him he is in debt to 

2 or 3 long letters of mine. 

I own with the greatest gratitude my great obligations 
to your good uncle for all his love & affection to you. 
I agree with my Lord Coke as to your Common-Place, 


and approve the method you are in of storing up special 
cases against you get to the bar. 

When you conveniently can, return me the list I sent 
you fill'd up, that I may know the degrees of my obliga- 
tions to the several persons. 

Since you mention D r Rand, I wish you cou'd some 
time or other steal a moment to write a short letter to 
Mad m Rand with some small present of half a guinea 
value. She hardly ever speaks of you, but with tears of 
joy at your welfare, and therefore deserves your respect. 
It will be worth your while to cultivate what acquaintance 
you can with Lord Barrington. 

I observe D. Chandos's invitation to dinner was to be 
on Lord's day. What if you shou'd take a resolution 
against all Sunday invitations, unless with sober, religious 
families. Take my word you'll never repent it. Turn to 
Judge Hales, who tells you as an observation of his life, 
that he prosper' d or otherwise the whole week after, 
according to his religious (or other) observation of the 
Holy Sabbath. 

If Dunbar quits his Leiutenancy & still remains here- 
abouts, you may tell Coll 11 Bl — d — n or Popple, they may 
depend on my serving him in any thing he can reasonably 

You have so many of my letters of the last year's date, 
with so many particular instructions, that I forbear adding 
at present, but shall constantly make it my request to 
the throne of Grace that you may be sav'd from the snares 
of a wicked world & a deluding Devil. And, my son, if 
thy heart be wise, my heart shall rejoyce, even mine. 

Your most tender & affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, April 23, 1733. 
$ Homans. 



Loving Brother, — My last was a few lines the 7 of 
Feb r past T White. I have now lying before me your 
kind favours of Dec r 30, Janu a 6, 13, 23, 25, 26, & Feb r 8 
by way of New York & T Scutt & Homans, the last of 
which arriv'd here 25 of March, and sails again with the 
first wind. 

M r Gatcombe has the bill of £350 underwrote by me 
& may have the money whenever he calls. 

I observe you are constantly supplying Jon a with 
money as well as what you other ways pay for me. I 
shall send some more copper ore to Bristol in a little 
time, the produce to be remitted you. 

You say the report for leave that I might take the 
£3000 was sign'd by the Lords of Trade 19 Dec r last. 
Methinks then it's hard & strange the great folks above 
wou'd not let it be dispatcht by 10 of Feb r , but as you 
observe they do as they please, & we can't help it. But 
all this while poor I have a cruel severe time of it. This 
Assembly expires in 5 days according to Charter, and if 
that time don't produce the order, what then ? 

If D — b — r quitts N w Hampshire, that I may be easy in 
that Province you may tell Coll 11 Bl — d — n & Popple I 
shall be ready to do D — b — r any good offices he may 
reasonably desire of me. But if D — b — r don't quitt, 
Jerry shou'd immediately return the 20 guineas. 

Since I see no prospect of the Bishop's son's obtaining 
the Leiutenancy, I must now again pray you, if it can be 
done, to obtain the commission for Coll 11 Henry Sherburne. 
Nothing cou'd be so much for my interest & ease. And 
you'll see by the inclos'd to yourself, & his order to M r 
Bell to pay you £150 st r , and his writing to his son 
Rhymes to pay you more money, if wanted, that he is 
come into the matter fully. So I pray you to prosecute 
it by all wayes & means you possibly can. Perhaps £150 


properly plac'd with Bl — d — n or P — pp — le might do 
the business without D — b — r's leave. 

I observe Mess™ Goizins have remitted you £138. 6. 3, 
and that Jonathan has had a Master's degree at Cam- 
bridge, the cost of which was at least £50, — a saucy 
job ; but I am content. I heartily praise God for his 
recovery from the cold & fever, and am glad to find he 
delights in the study of the law, and that it is become 
familiar & easy to him. If it pleases God to spare his 
life, I hope he'll make a man in time. 

I have no doubt but the bills on Dobree & Lloyd for 
£30 each will be duly paid tho' they were not at first 

When I have your's & Jonathan's particular answer 
to all I have wrote respecting his standing a candidate at 
the next election, I shall write you fully upon it, and 
govern myself by your advice. 

I am glad my cousen Will m Partridge behav'd orderly. 
I think he will make a pretty man. I shall be glad to 
see him well return'd. 

It's very well you'll watch Rindge's waters; he'll be 
glad to do mischief if he can, being push'd on by Went- 
worth & Atkinson. Let J. Sherburne's & E. Huske's 
mandamuss be here as soon as possible. 

You say the present Parliament is now like to have 
another session ; so it will be more than twelve months 
before their dissolution. 

In your next I must desire you to explain yourself 
about the £3000. Do you mean sterling money or this ? 
and what is the £3000 for ? I pray you to write me 
particularly about this sum, & fully as to Jonathan's 
standing or not. What letters you inclos'd me have been 
duly forwarded. I take a very thankfull notice of what 
you say & did about the Leiutenancy of N w Hampshire, 
and am sensible you have therein been much concern'd 
for my interest & ease ; and since you have now an order 


for the money I heartily wish the thing may suceed, and 
Coll 11 Sherburne seems to be pleas'd with it. 

Since you have forbid it I shall, after this, send you 
only now & then a print. 

I am, dear brother, under great obligations for your 
tender care & love to my son, which he talks of with 
great duty & gratitude in all his letters. 

If I have omitted any thing here perhaps you'll find it 
in my long letter to him f this convey*. 

Astell, Grocock, Tom Homans, & Shepherdson are daily 
expected, upon whose arrival I shall write you again. 

Please to give my duty to the Lords of Trade, to whom 
I shall write as soon as the Assembly here rises, which 
will be in 4 or 5 days. 

I remain with sincere respect, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, April 23, 1733. 
tf Homans. 


Brother Partridge, — I have already wrote you by 
this conveyance, and have now only to add my request 
of your sending me a good footman f> the first opportunity. 
His passage I will pay here, but must desire you to get 
him a livery made of a cloth with lace upon it, according 
to the inclos'd patterns. M r Tullit made the last for me, 
and will do it as well as any body. I must pray you to 
be very carefull in making choice of this servant, that he 
be sober, honest, well understanding his business, that 
can shave & dress a wigg well, and do every thing about 
a gent m , that wou'd go to the same c^ 1 with me, — not 
one bred to the C hh of England. You must make inden- 
tures with him in my behalf according to the inclos'd. 
My footman that will be out of his time in three months 
has twenty pounds a year, this money, wages, besides a 


livery, dyett, &c a , which are worth at least £60 a year 
more. But you must get one upon the best terms you 
can, and pray do your best that he may be a very good 
servant. It mayn't be amiss to consult your nephew in 
this matter, tho' I wou'd have you spare him from all my 
affairs as much as possible, that he mayn't be hinder'd in 
his studies. I am, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, April 25, 1733. 
# Horaans. 


Sir, — My last was 6 Janu a T Follers, who I under- 
stand was arriv'd, so I shall esteem your answer by the 
next. I have f> Crocker your kind favours of 26 Janu a & 
9 Feb r , and give you my hearty thanks for all your kind 
care about the royal leave for taking my money, which 
my brother Partridge has sent me f> Shepherdson, who 
arriv'd 25 of this month, and was but five days before 
the late Assembly here must have expir'd by Charter. I 
have sign'd it, and thereby secur'd the money. But there 
is none in the Treasury to pay it, nor do I know when 
there will, so that the case is still very hard & severe 
upon me, and can't make the remisses 1 shou'd (& am 
very desirous to) do. 

Coll 11 Winthrop, Treasurer to the Commiss" of the 
Indian Affairs, was with me yesterday & show'd me a bill 
of yours (copy whereof is inclos'd) which M r Allen (on 
whom it's drawn) refus'd to accept, so I have done it, and 
it shall be paid accordingly, and you'll please to place to 
my C r £100 st r therefor ; and I wish you cou'd find oppor- 
tunities to be drawing more on me that I may get out of 
your debt, for it's almost impossible to find bills here, and 
I am intirely out of all trade, and this has been the diffi- 
culty with me with respect to the deed M r Bull, about 


which I. thank your hint, and do assure you I will do all 
in my power to have it issued as soon as I possibly can. 

As to your accounts render' d to the Province I think 
they are pass'd both Houses. 

As I doubt not but you will have a particular account 
from many hands of all the affairs of the General Court 
I need say the less. You will find in the Journals & 
other prints the long answer the House have made to my 
speech of 4 Janu a , & which is so full of false glosses, 
equivocations, & billingsgate language that I have thought 
a silent neglect the best treatment of it. Altho' no gent ra 
can have been more faithfull to the Province than your- 
self, yet as you are oblig'd to write truth, which some 
designing men don't like shou'd be known, I am afraid 
you will in a little time see those that have pretended to 
be your great friends appear quite otherwise ; and I am 
well assur'd the present scheme is that the gent m of whom 
I have once wrote you before is doing all he can to get to 
London & trip up your heels. I know you have a very 
difficult task in the Address & Memorial, and the latter 
seems to me to be so extraordinary in its nature that I 
am not able to advise how you must act. May God Al- 
mighty direct you to the best. I heartily wish we may 
soon receive from you the final result. Some men will be 
satisfy'd with nothing but what may keep up perpetual 
fire & contention. 

I wish you great satisfaction & happiness in every affair 
of life & remain, dear Sir, 

Your friend & most obedient servant. J. B. 

Boston, April 28, 1733. 

I am much oblig'd for your hint about M r Oglethorp, & 
shall write him to Carolina to desire his taking my house 
for his own while he stayes here, and you may be sure I 
shall treat him with all possible respect. 

# Homans. 




Sir, — I had clos'd mine of 23 curr tfc T this conveyance 
before the arrival of Shepherdson & Astell, who have 
brought me your kind letters of Janu a 3, Feb r 6, 7, 20, & 
21, with Tho 8 Cload's bill on W m Dobree for £30 protested, 
which I have shewn to Phillip Dumaresq, the indorser, 
who has promist me another bill in a few days, which 
shall be forwarded to you ; and when the protests for the 
other bills you mention come to hand, I shall endeavour 
to get new bills for them also. 

I have not had time to make a particular examination 
of your ace", but I suppose I shall find it right. I see you 
give me C r <£100 st r for the bill you drew on me some 
time since in fav r of F. Gatcomb, for £350, which you 
have now order'd him to receive of me, and it shall be 
duly paid. 

I see M r Reynolds is not like to get the Leiutenancy. I 
therefore hope you will one way or other succeed for Coll 11 
H. Sherburne, there being now no money wanting on his 
part. I have no doubt but the £179. 2. 6 you mention to 
have paid Jonathan is right ; but for the future it's best he 
examines the account with you before it goes away, and 
gives his receipt upon it. I have reed his particular acc u of 
expence to 28 Aug 8t last, which he makes £333. 17. 6 3 / 4 st r . 
I am, brother, very fond of Jonathan (perhaps too fond), 
I believe he is sober & diligent, & am therefore encourag'd 
to give him the best education I possibly can, but really, 
brother, he makes his expence very large. Don't you 
think so ? I question whether you spend that sum in a 
year in your whole family. I tell him he must be a good 
husband & learn the value of money, and pray do you 
repeat it to him. I wou'd be far from keeping him too 
short, but I wou'd have him spend my money to his own 
comfort & credit, & to my honour. 

I am glad you give me encouragment of a letter from 


D. of N. Castle approving my conduct in the governm*. 
M r Dummer obtain' d a long one to his brother here when 
he was in the cheif command. 

I am sorry your match does not go forward with the 
Widow Hankin. She has money enough for you both, 
and I think is a fine gentlewoman. 

I confirmed Sheriffe Winslow in his post 6 months ago ; 
but had I not, it is a place of great trust & danger, and 
I shou'd not therefore have been willing to have given it 
to any child of mine. Remember how Sam Dummer is 
ruin'd. If And r will be diligent & mind his business, his 
compting house will be much more profitable than any 
paltry office in this government ; and why can't he live 
by business as I have done before him ? I desire none of 
my children to work harder or take more pains to get 
into the world than I have done. I have a great respect 
for honest Partington, & will serve him when I have 

I take notice of your kindness to your cousen W m , and 
hope he has behav'd soberly & to your satisfaction. I 
think he will make a pretty man. 

I again desire you to consider my former reasons & a 
few lines I write again this day to Jonathan on the grand 
affair of his standing a candidate at the next election, and 
let me know how you all finally conclude in that matter. 

As to J. Dunbar & his brother, if they will for the 
future behave with good manners and as gent m ought to 
do, they shan't find me otherwise, but you know, brother, 
my station will not allow me to bear any thing that looks 
like insult or affront. What Coll 11 Bladen said in the House 
of Commons was but a peice of justice to me. Jerry him- 
self knows I treated him far better than he dare hope for 
from me. 

As to the two mandamuss for Coll 11 J. Sherburne & 
Cap* E. Husk, I must pray you to get them out. For the 
former you have his letter to pay the charge so soon as 


you let him know what it is; he is a substantial man, and 
I will take care he comply s, and that Husk send you a 
new bill for that protested of Brown's. 

I thank you for the vines, which are not yet ashore, 
and for your care of my cane & cane strings. Tell my 
good friend Dingley he has done the head nicely, and 
tell M rs Glanvill the strings she has sent are good for 
nothing. The French ones I bought of her are worth a 
dozen English. Give my service to her, and pray her to 
send to France for half a doz., two red, two green & two 

Your brother Gatcomb is a man of a good estate, and 
you need not fear his speedy care to pay what you have 
advanc'd for your nephew William. 

I take a particular notice of what Lord Wilmington 
said about the Memorial of the Repr here to Parliament, 
which is, as you say, an extraordinary proceeding, and I 
think the violent proceedings the Assembly run upon here 
can never hold, but they'll by 'n'd by lose their Charter. 

I find what is call'd the Sugar Bill had past a Comm tee 
of the House of Commons, & I am apt to think it will 
pass in its present shape in the House of Lords. 

I am now, brother, to thank you very kindly for your 
great care & diligence in procuring & sending forward the 
royal leave for taking my money, which I reed V Shep- 
herdson 25 of this month, & had he stay'd but 5 days 
longer, I had stood a fair chance to have lost £3000, 
which I have now secur'd by signing the grant. But still 
there is no money in the Treasury to pay it, nor do I 
know when there will ; so I have still a hard time of it. 
I know no remedy but patience, and to hope things may 
grow easier in time. 

I shall write Lord Wilmington & the Lords of Trade in 
a little time with thanks for their favour in this matter. 
And shall look out for some bills of exch a that you may 
not be long in advance for me ; am glad the cramberries 


pleas'd you. I have lately bottl'd the cask of beer you 
sent me ; how it may prove I can't say, but hope it may 
be good. I have lately procur'd a pipe of choice Mad a . 
So soon as its fine shall send you some of it. You must 
continue to be a father to Jon a , who you'll see (by y s in- 
clos'd paragraph of one of his letters) is sensible of your 
goodness. I am always, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, Apr 1 30, 1733. 
$ Homans. 


Loving Brother, — I yesterday reed yours of 30 
Janu a T Carteret, and am thankfull for your diligence in 
writing me so constantly, nor can I enough acknowledge 
your great affection & friendship to my dear son Jon a . I 
hope he carrys it to you with great respect & duty, & that 
he will allways acquit himself so as to have the continuance 
of your favour & good opinion, and then I am sure he 
must be a sober, good man. 

I kindly thank the particular ace" you give me of what 
past while you were both at Coventry, and must pray 
yours & the Bishop's conclusive answer & at large about 
his standing or not the next election ; and since Cam- 
bridge University requires no qualification (& will be very 
honourable) I shou'd think that best, and yet best of all 
not to attempt anywhere, but with all humane probability 
of success. I am, Sir, 

Your friend & brother. J. B. 

Boston, April 30, 1733. 
$ Homans. 



Hono ble Sir, — It is with great pleasure that I congrat- 
ulate your safe arrival in America, and I have still a 
greater in the advantages these parts of his Majesty's 
dominions will reap from your noble & generous pursuits 
of good to mankind in the settlement of a colony at 
N w Georgia. May God Almighty attend your toils with 
great success. 

Several of my friends, Sir, from London acquaint me of 
your intentions to pass by land from S° Carolina thro' the 
King's territories as far as to this place, where I shou'd be 
very proud of paying you the just esteem I have for you, & 
shall depend you'll please to accept of such quarters as my 
poor habitation affords during your stay in this govern- 
ment ; and when you get to Philadelphia or N w York, I 
shall be glad of the favour of your lines, and to know 
how (& when) your route hither. I am with great 
respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 3, 1733. 

$ M r Townsend, aboard Sleigh. 


Hono ble Sir, — The carrier & post have duly deliver'd 
your last. I believe it had been better for me (finally) 
that the royal leave had not been obtain'd, tho' it's sty I'd 
with much favour & respect to the Gov r , on whose ace" I 
congratulate you from my Whitehall advices T Grocock 
(arriv'd 5 present). Prcefectus stat rectus in curia. I 

* Gen. James Edward Oglethorpe was born in London, Dec. 21, 1698, educated at 
Oxford, entered the army, and in 1722 became a member of Parliament. He is best known, 
however, as the founder of the Colony of Georgia, where he spent several years. He died 
July 1, 1785. See Drake's Dictionary of American Biography, p. 670. — Eds. 


value not their billingsgate. Things are growing to a 
crisis, and altho' they'll end in the confusion of the wicked 
operators, yet the numerous innocent will suffer with the 
few guilty, nor can it be possibly otherwise in such affairs. 
As Coll 11 Jo sent no money & Husk's bill was protested 
those mandamuss stick, & will do 'till money appears 
upon the spot to pay the charge ; and if our friends won't 
take that effectual care which our enemies do, things must 
remain imbroil'd. 

If the grant talkt of in Bay of Fundy be real, it's rea- 
sonable to imagine Don Quixot * may have a pitcht battle 
with the windmills or something worse. I am now told 
that he lyes in his den 'till some other prey is pointed out. 
I have considerable hopes of old H's success, since the 
money will be ready. Won't it be something grateing 
upon the high quality of the envoy to find such a blot in 
the family on his return, which you seem to think will be 
soon, but I am told not 'till the fall ? You must not fail 
to send me all the duplicates in form by return of this 
post. Sir, 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 7, 1733. 



My dear Son, — My last were T Homans of 23 & 28 
April, and I have now lying before me your's of 3 March 
f> Grocock. I hope your uncle will in a little time be 
able to send me the mandamus 8 for Coll 11 Jos. Sherburne 
& Cap* Ellis Husk. If I cou'd fix. any thing by a letter 
from Popple on Sh — ve, I wou'd handle him without 

The letter from the D. of N. Castle wou'd be of great 
service to me. I believe no industry was wanting in 
your uncle or you to obtain leave for taking my support ; 

* Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. — Eds. 


it arriv'd timely, and the £3000 is secur'd, but can't be 
reed 'till the Treasury is supply'd. I am under high 
obligations to the great & good Lord Wilmington for 
the dispatch he gave it at last, and that he had laid my 
dutifull behaviour before the King; and I intend he 
shall have repeated occasions so to do. Let my duty & 
gratitude be made acceptable to his Lordship for what 
he has done, as well as for his kind assurances for the 

Cap* Husk writes me that the Bishop's Sec ry acquaints 
him of M r Reynolds's being made a Cap fc in the King's 
Guards, and was gone to spend a little time in France, 
and has now order'd Cap* Husk to return what of his 
remain'd here. If it be so, I heartily rejoyce in his 
good fortune, and wish Husk might succeed him at N w 
Hampshire. I duly deliver'd the Commiss r ' s letter to the 
Surveyor General. 

Sherburne wou'd on all acc tts be best in the Leiuten cy . 
Your uncle has sent me a recruit of paper, &c a , sufficient 
for 12 months to come. I take notice of M r Jam 3 Belcher's 
letter from Dublin, whose acquaintance you'll cultivate 
just as you please. I thank you for D r Young's Essay on 
Man, which is finely done, and I shou'd be glad of the 
second part. 

Altho' to be chose for Cambridge University wou'd 
be in my opinion the tip-top of respect & honour, yet I 
agree with you that it looks much more difficult and 
precarious ; but as I intend you T this convey a a letter 
at large on this head, I forbear any thing further about 
it here. Your uncle is too good & open to mankind, and 
young CI — k has made an ill use of his telling him what 
were the fees of your degree.* You must beg of him to 
be as close-mouth'd & secret as possible in all things 
that relate to me, to you, or any of my family ; for he 

* The reference is probably to his classmate John Clark, stepson of Secretary Willard. 
— Eds. 


does not imagine the wickedness that reigns in the 
hearts of all men. As I have now got the British & 
Irish Compendiu ms of Peerage, send me also the volumn 
of Baronetts, bound in the same manner, and then the 
matter will be compleat. 

I understand your sister has reed from you some stock- 
ings, &c\ I now repeat my charge that you take no 
notice of orders from any person whatsoever, altho' they 
send money with them ; but assign all things of that 
kind to your uncle, and let that be your constant answer 
to those who are troublesome in such a way. Mind 
what I say. Those things are proper for a merch*, 
but not for a student at the Temple. I have pray'd 
your uncle to take more & more my affairs to himself, 
that they may still less avocate you from the business 
of your life, in which I hope this will find you under the 
droppings of the Civilian at Cambridge. I am, dear Sir, 
Your affectionate father, J. B. 

Boston, May 17, 1733. 
$ Crocker. 


Sir, — My last were Apr 1 23, 25, & 30 T Homans. I 
have now before me yours of Feb r 23, & March 2&3? 
Stanny & Grocock. I again own very thankfully your 
diligent advices to me by all opportunities. 

If it falls in my way to serve Jos. Fayting I shall 
gladly do it, at your desire ; but I have told the young 
man it's mighty uncertain whether any thing may hap- 
pen with me for his service. I observe all you say about 
the King's leave for my support, and for the future shall 
be content with a letter from you, instead of a duplicate 
of the leave. I take a particular notice of the recep- 
tion you had from the Lord President, to whom I pray 
you to make my duty & gratitude acceptable for his kind 
regards to me in the bill already past, as well as for his 


assurances in what may be hereafter, and that he had 
laid my dutifull behaviour before his Majesty. As to 
the delay of the new instruction for taking my salary, 
altho' it might be intended as a rod over the people, the 
hardship was only on me, and I am well assured the 
Repr wou'd have been glad the leave had never come, 
that they might have had the opportunity to have cheated 
me of that money, and I do assure you (as I have once 
& again wrote the King's ministers) they perfectly de- 
spise & ridicule the King's instructions. I have, brother, 
a very severe time of it. Altho' the last .£3000 is 
secur'd, yet I know not when it will be paid, there being 
no money in the Treasury, and by the answer made to 
me at the close of the session you'll see the vile reflec- 
tions made on the King and on his Gov r for observing 
his master's orders, and notwithstanding the rudeness 
& many falshoods in that message, yet my wisest & best 
friends advis'd me to make no answer. 

I shall be very willing to live in peace for the future 
with Coll 11 Dunbar if his behaviour leads to it. 

Some letters from D. N w Castle, Lord Wilmington, &c a , 
wou'd be a great honour to me, and a great strengthning 
of the King's government in my hands. Pray get me 
such letters if you can. I take a kind notice of what 
you say about Jerry Dunbar, and think I acted in that 
affair the gent m & the Gov r , for I knew at same time he 
had done every thing that was vile to hurt me. As to 
the examination of him by the House of Repr., I think 
it very extraordinary, considering he was a witness sum- 
moned by the House of Commons of G fc Britain.* But 

* In December, 1732, the Massachusetts House of Representatives " Upon reading an 
Evidence or Declaration of Mr. Jeremiah Dunbar at present residing in Boston before a 
Committee of the Commons of Great Britain in their Session Anno 1730, appointed upon a 
Bill relating to the Sugar Colonies in America, which Evidence or Declaration of the said 
Jeremiah Dunbar the House conceive contains sundry injurious reflections and false insin- 
uations on the People of this Province their Trade and Business, Ordered, That Elisha 
Cooke, Esq., Samuel Welles, Esq., and Mr. Thomas Cashing, be a Committee to make in- 
quiry into the aforesaid Evidence or Declaration, and that the said Committee have power 
to send for Persons & Papers in order to report their Opinion to this House thereon." 




really, brother, there is nothing that the House of Repr. 
here won't dare to do (you must never say the Assembly 
but the Repr.). Their pretending to complain of the 
King to his Commons is what no age before has produc'd. 
I shan't wonder to find their agent afraid to attempt the 
bringing the matter into Parliament. I am well satisfy'd 
you don't send the cloathing I desir'd, because I wou'd by 
no means straiten you in any thing to be avoided. 

As to the mandamus 8 (those for Coll 11 Jos. Sherburne & 
Cap* Ellis Husk), I pray you to sollicit & send as soon 
as possible, and I now inclose you Lawrence Trott's bill 
on Will m Dobree of 2 d curr" at 30 days sight pay a to 
Philip Dumaresq, and by him endorst to you for £30 st r 
in lieu of T. Cload's you sent me protested, and M r S. 
Brown wrote T Homans to M r Lloyd to pay you that of 
£30 drawn by James Jeffries, which I doubt not will be 
done ; and if you send Coll 11 Sherburne's mandamus he 
will take effectual care to pay you when he knows the 
charge. As you have Coll 11 H. Sherburne's orders for 
the £150 I hope you'll be able to get him the Leiu* 
Gov 1 ' 8 commission for N. Hampshire. Your diligence & 
dispatch of these matters I shou'd take very kindly. 

I am sorry to find the New Jersy people are £307 st r 
in arrears with you, and wish it had been in my power 
to have got you the agency at N. York. I cou'd not 
possibly have taken more pains in anything for myself. 

You know I am intirely out of all trade, yet I shall 
very gladly recommend business to you upon every op- 
portunity that falls in my way. 

I had forgot to thank you in my last for the hint you 
gave about M r Oglethorp, upon which I have wrote him 
under cover to the Gov r of South Carolina, & have invited 

Dunbar appeared before the Committee on the day on which this vote was passed (Saturday, 
Dec. 30) and again on the following Monday, when they also examined Joshua Winslow 
and Samuel Waldo, of Boston, merchants, who were present when Dunbar gave his testi- 
mony before the Committee of the House of Commons. Mr. Cooke's report bore strongly 
against Dunbar. See note, ante, p. 231. — Eds. 


him to take my house for his home if he comes to Boston. 
I think he always appear'd against the m — st — ry, how- 
ever it becomes me to treat him as becomes a stranger & 
a gent m . 

You must not take it amiss, brother, that I once more 
say to you to take a resolution to be secret & close mouth'd, 
even in the most minute things respecting me, your 
nephew, or any of my family. You don't imagine how 
much mankind is pleas'd to be under the power of the 
Devil, and to do mischeif on all occasions. Young CI — k 
has made an ill use of what you said to him ab e the fees 
of Jonathan's degree, and I think it best to learn all 
impertinent enquirers more manners by letting them have 
only silence for an answer. 

As to your nephew's standing for Cambridge Univer- 
sity, the success seems to me to be precarious & unlikely ; 
but if he stands at all I am for Coventry, and by this 
convey* 1 I intend to write him fully upon it, which letter 
h§ will put into your hands, being what I design to you 
both, to which I must have a particular & conclusive 
answer, and then I shall act in conformity. Spare your 
nephew all you possibly can from my affairs, that he may 
be the closer at his law studies. I remain with kind 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, May 17, 1733. 

$ Crocker. 


My dear Jonathan, — As the needle is ever pointing 
to its beloved pole, so is your fond father to his Ascanius. 

This letter is to your good uncle as well as to you, and 
demands a solid, grave & conclusive answer, upon the 
weighty subject of your standing a candidate for a Par- 
liament man at the next election. I observe my very 
gpod Lord of Lincoln, after all I wrote, still thinks this 


the proper time for an attempt. I am under great obli- 
gations to his Lordship that he is pleas' d to give himself 
the trouble of consulting your future welfare, and I now 
wave & submit my weaker reasonings to his Lordship's 
subact judgment, for which I have a profound veneration ; 
and if you can make a rational answer to the following 
queries, I will go on to pursue every thing on my part to 
the utmost of my power. And laying aside Cambridge, 
I stick to Coventry. 

1. How many voters have they, and of them, how 
many can you imagine to be secure of ? 

2. What do you suppose the election may cost you ? 

3. Whether the Archdeacon or any body else will be 
so very good as to find out a way to qualifie you ? 

4. What are the principal manufactures of the city, or 
what may best please to encourage the consumption of ? 

These, I think, are the material questions. The first 
is the groundwork of all, and must therefore be well 
view'd & lookt upon on every side. As to the second, I 
shall not begrutch the expence, if you find upon the most 
sedate judgment a very great probability of success. As 
to the third, it will take some time for me to sell some 
estate, and then to get bills to remit the money, which I 
am finally resolv'd to do. But I suppose it's necessary to 
find some way of qualification in the mean time. Your 
answer to the fourth will put me on endeavours to get 
what orders I possibly can to your uncle (who has promist 
to do the business, commission free). Altho' the present 
Parliament may not be dissolv'd 'till about this time 12 
months, yet I know all the wheels must now be put in 
motion, and be kept steady in their course, to give you a 
rational hope of gaining your point. And now, my son, 
the Lord be with thee,' and prosper thou. 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

If you determine to stand for your election, you must 
make all the interest & friendship you possibly can, & 


leave no stone unturn'd to see whether it will fit & help 
out the building, and upon your answer I will introduce 
myself to the Mayor & Aldermen of Coventry, and to Sir 
W m Billers, at London (if you think the last may be of 
service), and you must let me know the address of the 
Mayor & Aldermen and of Sir William. I wou'd also 
write to M r Foster, to some of the dissenting ministers of 
London of my acquaintance, & to whom else you may 
judge proper. 

Boston, May 18, 1733. ■"■ ^ 

tf Crocker. 


May it please your Lordships, — I did myself the 
honour of writing you the 5 Feb r last ; and the 20 Apr 1 I 
reed the honour of your Lordships' of 10 Oct r last, owning 
the rec* of several of my letters, but omitting to mention 
those of July 12, Augs* 20, Dec r 4, Feb r 23, 1731, May 29, 
June 10, 19, 1732, all which I hope had the honour to kiss 
your Lordships' hands before the date of your letter ; and 
since those I find I have wrote your Lordships thus, Nov r 
21, Dec r 23, Jan. 5, 9, 12, 13, & Feb r 5 last past. Your 
Lordships will forgive so particular a mention of my 
letters, because it wou'd give me concern if any of them 
shou'd miscarry, and I shou'd greatly esteem the honour 
of your Lordships' answer to what I have wrote this last 
winter. As to the affair of my salary, about which your 
Lordships advise me to continue my endeavours to induce 
the Assembly to comply with his Majesty's most reason- 
able demand, in deference to your Lordships' judgment I 
shall mention it again ; tho' your Lordships will forgive 
me while I am more confirm' d in what I wrote your 
Lordships some time since, that it seems to me derogatory 
to his Majesty's honour to be publickly pressing the As- 
sembly to pay a just regard to the King's royal orders, 

1733.] TO THE LOKDS OF TRADE. 287 

while they are as often denying, and I think with too 
great a neglect. If I may say to your Lordships my own 
sentiments the House of Representat™ here seem to have 
an aversion even to a mention of the King's instructions, 
of which I think their last message to me in their inclos'd 
Journals will fully convince your Lordships, where you 
will find with how much indecency they have treated the 
King, and with how much rudeness his Gov r , for no other 
reason but because they cou'd not tempt or provoke him 
to fly in his master's face. It had been very easy, my 
Lords, for me to have answer d their unmannerly message, 
and to have laid open some falshoods and many false 
glosses on things ; but I consider'd this wou'd 'a' been to 
no purpose, for none are so blind as the stubborn that 
won't see. Nor do I think it for his Majesty's honour 
that his Gov r wou'd too much capitulate with a House of 
Repr. about his master's royal orders. This I remember 
one of your Lordships told me at Whitehall was a mistake 
in my late immediate predecessor. I therefore intend for 
the future to say only what may be of the most absolute 
necessity to the Assembly, and go on in a sacred obser- 
vance of the King's orders ; and when there happens any 
dispute upon them I shall with great duty & justness repre- 
sent the circumstances that his Majesty may alwayes do 
as in his royal wisdom he shall think best. 

I take a particular notice of what your Lordships say 
about your advising his Majesty for the future to give his 
royal leave that I may not be starv'd. I humbly thank 
your Lordships for your favourable report on this head in 
Dec r last, which produced to me the King's additional 
instruction allowing me to give my assent to the last 
grant the Assembly made me. Certainly, my Lords, of 
all the King's servants I must be in the most cruel & 
severe situation not to be supported out of his Majesty's 
Royal Exchequer, nor be allow'd to take any thing from 
the people, while at same time your Lordships say As you 


have hitherto fulfilled your duty. I am well satisfy'd, my 
Lords, that the House of Repr had been best of all pleas'd 
that the royal leave for taking my support had fail'd, 
that they might have treated me in the same barbarous, 
unjust way which they have practis'd to M r Burnett's 
family. Altho' a few days before his death they voted 
him six thousand pounds, yet now they will not give his 
family a farthing. If that gent m had committed any 
mistakes in his administration, or had given them provo- 
cations, yet none of these things cou'd be after his death. 
How unjust is it then that they do not pay his family 
£3400 for his 14 months administration (being the pro- 
portion of £6000 they intended for 2 years), with the 
just & lawfull interest from the time they have been kept 
out of it 'till it be punctually paid. 

I am waiting the King's further directions in answer 
to the last application made to his Majesty by the Council 
& Repr. as to the supply of the Treasury ; and if this 
affair be not speedily brought to an issue, I think myself 
bound in duty to the King seriously to repeat to your 
Lordships that this Province will be in the greatest con- 
fusion. His Majesty's fortifications are all dropping 
down, and the officers & soldiers must all march out for 
want of their pay. Nor can the dignity of the King's 
government be supported in any degree. Nay, I am 
afraid there will be no governm' at all without some 
quick redress. 

I take notice, my Lords, that his Majesty has not been 
pleas'd to give his royal orders in what }~ou have laid 
before him as to the right of command in N w Hampshire, 
or what may be deem'd an absence in me from that 
province. I hope what I have wrote to your Lordships 
on that head has satisfy'd you of M r Dunbar's mistake in 
his assuming what he had not the least colour of pretence 
to, nor can I by any means so much traduce his Majesty's 
honour as to give the least countenance to his proceedings 

1733.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 289 

of that kind, and I am greatly surpriz'd on receipt of a 
copy of your Lordships' report to the King in this affair 
of 4 Nov r , 1731. Had Coll 11 Dunbar any just reason of 
complaint it was (I think, with submission) but justice 
that I shou'd have been serv'd with a copy to make 
answer before any report had been made thereon, & per- 
haps such an answer might have made most of the facts 
to have appear'd false, and sav'd your Lordships and his 
Majesty's most hono ble Privy Council any further trouble 
in that affair. It is very hard, my Lords, for my mortal 
enemy to write what he pleases, and to support it by evi- 
dences of his own kidney, and a judgment to be found d 
on his proceedings without my ever having opportunity 
to answer for myself. But as his Majesty's ministers 
have thought it best that this unreasonable thirst of 
power of M r Dunbar's shou'd hitherto remain unquencht, 
I hope it will dye in such a way. For shou'd I ever re- 
ceive his Majesty's sign manual in gratification of M r 
Dunbar's / don't know what, I shou'd look upon it a 
sort of superseding of my commission in New Hampshire. 
I must beg your Lordships to pardon the freedom I have 
taken in this article, in which that gent m ' s attempt has 
been more extraordinary than any of his predecessors 
have ever presum'd upon. I with pleasure take notice of 
the justice & honour with which your Lordships incline 
to treat him, and think if the hard things I insinuate 
against his character are design'd by way of complaint 
you must send him copies for his answer. This is doubt- 
less treating him as an Englishman and as a gent m , and 
for the reason your Lordships give, that no man's reputa- 
tion shou'd be call'd in question without an opportunity 
of making his defence ; I must beg your Lordships alwayes 
to remember this when my name is mention'd on any 
acc tt to your Lordships, and had this rule been observ'd 
I am sure I had never reed the order from his Majesty 
| of Nov r 12, 1730, respecting Pemaquid, when M" Jerry 



Dunbar appear'd at Whitehall with a representation from 
his brother against me so notoriously false. Your Lord- 
ships now find my sentiments to come out exactly right 
respecting Coll 11 Dunbar's exceeding his orders & instruc- 
tions in invading the rights & properties of the owners of 
land contain'd in the patent from the Crown to this Pro- 
vince. Certainly it will alwayes be best for every gent m 
to confine himself within his own limits & powers, and 
had he done so, he had sav'd your Lordships & all the 
King's ministers a vast deal of trouble. But I am tir'd, 
my Lords, with writing about this gent m , and notwith- 
standing the two brothers have been doing every thing in 
their power for three years past to my prejudice, yet I 
have lately protected one of them from the fury of the 
inrag'd populace ; * and if the other behaves himself with 
the duty & respect due to his Gov r & Cap* General, I do 
assure your Lordships he shall alwayes find from me what 
shall convince every gent m of reason that I am desirous 
to live in a gentlemanly, friendly manner with him. 

As to the nomination of Councellors for N. Hamp., the 
words of my instruction No. 6 your Lordships will find as 
in Postscript which I think (with great submission to your 
Lordships) plainly shows the great trust his Majesty has 
repos'd in his Gov r as to the appointment of his Council 
from time to time when vacancies happen, and that un- 
doubtedly a more superiour credit is to be given to him 
than to a Leiu fc Gov r . I am oblig'd to repeat to your 
Lordships that that gent m ' 8 appointment and continuance 
in the Leiutenancy at N w Hampshire tends to nothing but 
faction & disorder in that govern mt ; nor do I think it 
practicable for him & me to coincide, because he has en- 
deavour'd from first to last so unreasonably & unjustly to 
hurt me, that I shall be best pleas' d with as little ac- 
quaintance or conversation with him as possible. I am 

* See letter to Richard Waldron, ante, p. 231. — Eds. 




determin'd always to be an honest man and a faithfull 
servant to the King, maugre him and the worst of my 

I have the honour to be with great regard & esteem, 
my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 19, 1733. 

# Crocker. Bennet. 


My very good & much hon d Lord, — The 25 of last 
month I reed the honour of your Lordship's most obliging 
favour of 6 Feb r . It was with great alacrity that I show'd 
your kinsman M r Norton what respect & friendship fell 
in my power ; and as often as your Lordship can find 
out opportunities of commanding any acceptable services 
from me in this part of the world it will be laying me 
under so many pleasing obligations, because I wou'd be 
glad to give you real proofs with how much respect & 
deference I am devoted to your Lordship, and I heartily 
thank Almighty God for the fair prospect of a re-estab- 
lishm* of your Lordship's health. 

I am very sorry M r Reynolds's affairs run so cross. If 
I have been rightly inform'd he has been severely & 
unjustly treated in the unhappy affair with Singleton ; 
but, as your Lordship observes, it is hard for great folks 
to come to confession, even when they have committed 
gross mistakes. I hope the Bishop will one way or other 
be able to make better provision for him than to let him 
stroll again into this uncouth corner of the world. As to 
M r Dunbar he has constantly taken pains to render him- 
self odious to the people of this country ; for they will not 
be treated in a haughty, arbitrary, despotic manner, while 
they know they live in an English government, & under 


the best of Kings. What business had he, my Lord, to 
presume to set down on the lands of this Province, espe- 
cially to the westward of Penobscutt, when I don't suppose 
he had the least colour for it in his instructions ? and your 
Lordship must remember that I have been constantly 
writing your Board that all his pother about the eastern 
parts of this government wou'd come to nothing or worse ; 
and so it proves, for now by the King's order, in confirma- 
tion of the report of the Attorney & Sollicitor Gen 11 , he is 
to remove & quit all possession ; and what will come of 
the poor people he has so long deluded, to toil, labour & 
build, and now they must be stript & all revert to the 
right owners ? I really think, my Lord, no man in his 
senses wou'd 'a' play'd so silly a game, for he now too 
late finds himself mistaken, and that he was not able (as 
perhaps he thought he cou'd) to bully this Province out of 
their jurisdiction & soil, and the great number of private 
proprietors out of their just rights, and this I told him upon 
my first arrival, which he cou'd by no means digest, but 
made it the foundation of quarrelling with me ever since, 
and of making that unjust representation by his brother 
Jerry about 2| years agoe, which produc'd to me the 
King's order of 12 Nov r , 1730. However, I am willing, 
my Lord, to forget what's past, if he will for the future 
behave to me as becomes a gent m ; but I will bear nothing 
else from him. I cou'd heartily wish, my Lord, I might 
have another Leiu* Gov r for New Hampshire, where he 
has not been for 20 months past, that his commission for 
that Province is of no service to the Crown or to him. 
But I can assure your Lordship it is a great hurt to that 
poor Province by making factions there, as your Lordship 
observes, and gives me a great deal of trouble & uneasi- 
ness. Let me then beg of your Lordship to assist my 
brother M r Partridge who is now solliciting the Leiu* 
Gover' 8 commission of that Province for Coll 11 H. Sher- 
burne, one of his Maj sty ' s Council there, whom I nam'd to 


your Board immediately upon the late M r Wentworth's 
death. And no person wou'd be more acceptable to the 
people and to me. 

Since the Massachusetts Province is my native country 
I can't help being greatly concern'd at their extraordinary 
proceedings, and at the little regard they seem to pay to 
the Crown. If the frame of this governm fc comes to be 
alter' d for the better, I don't know who will be sorry. 
Since your Lordship is a great planter, I shall very duti- 
fully observe your Lordship's orders & send you some 
white pine seeds at autumn, with some young plants of 
that kind, and any other native of this country which you 
have not in England. 

I am under infinite obligations for the kind mention 
your Lordship makes of M r Belcher at the Temple. It is 
doing him more honour than he can lay claim to ; but I 
have given him an acc fcfc of your Lordship's goodness to 
stimulate his ambition. 

I remain with all possible respect & deference, my 

Your Lordship's most obedient, most devoted & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 21, 1733. 

$ Crocker. , 


Sir, — I have before me yours of 11 & 18 psent. I 
believe the Leiu* Gov r will yet remain at Pemaquid, and 
since some managers in this Assembly didn't see good 
to take any notice of what I said on that affair, I don't 
intend for the future to give myself any more trouble 
about the eastern country. It will be an extraordinary 
thing for that fort to be evacuated to the Indians ; but 'till 
it is, I think Monsieur is as well there as anywhere. As 
to the present dormant mandamus 8 doubtless Bl — d — n will 


resent what I have done, and they'll finally be admitted. 
Our people don't seem to take the necessary care of theirs. 
I am glad you are got again to your health, which has 
given me the duplicates in season. Were the nomina- 
tions here to be done again I shou'd not want the instruc- 
tion you mention. But ingratitude is a predominant 
vice among mankind, and in vastly greater degrees with 
some than others. I have known for some time that the 
Maj r & his brother (who are brother Teagues) are close 
friends to Sancho.* I have a letter from the Deputy 
Collector which does not savour in the least of a new 
alliance ; but if it shou'd be so I shou'd not wonder, for I 
don't at anything. I am, Hono ble Sir, 

Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 21, 1733. 


My Lords, — I have done myself the honour of writing 
your Lordships at large f this convey a , and am to acquaint 
your Lordships that I have lately been at N. Hampshire 
to meet that Assembly, and now inclose what past in the 
session, as also a Journal of what was done in Council, 
upon a view of which your Lordships will find that the 
Assembly wou'd supply no money to the publick Treasury, 
altho' there had been none there for near 2 years, which 
greatly exposes the King's government, as well as op- 
presses the people to whom the Province is indebted. 
Your Lordships will see I dissolv'd the Assembly for 
their being so hardy as to neglect so important an affair, 
and which I must assure your Lordships was accom- 
plisht mainly from the influence of Mess" Wentworth & 

* Sancho was Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. The reference to " the Maj r & his brother " 
is more obscure; but we are inclined to think Governor Belcher meant Major Alexander 
Cosby, Lieutenant-Governor of Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, and his brother, the Gover- 
nor of New York. — Eds. 

1733.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 295 

Atkinson, who endeavour to make every thing in the 
government as uneasy as possible. The 5 of Feb r past I 
gave your Lordships an account of their insolent manag- 
ment in the affair of their mandamuss for Councellors. 
However, when I got into that Province, I expected they 
wou'd have immediately tender'd me their mandamus 8 , 
but they kept them in their pockets from the 23 Feb r (the 
day I arriv'd there) to 10 March, after they had done all 
the mischeif they cou'd in the House of Repr. Then two 
days after I sent for them, and your Lordships have 
herewith what past in Council in the affair.* How is it 
possible, my Lords, to support the King's power & 
authority if such insults upon it must be indur'd, and 
how can the hands of the King's Gov r be strengthen'd if 
men so diametrically opposite to him must be let into the 
government to clog every thing he proposes for the King's 
service & for the good of his subjects ? I wou'd beg your 
Lordships to consider the hard situation it puts me in, 
and that these gent m may never receive any fresh orders 
for being admitted into the Council. I hope upon what I 
have wrote before & now your Lordships will intirely 
justify my conduct in this affair, & that I may receive 
the mandamus 8 for Coll 11 Jos. Sherburne and for Cap* Ellis 
Husk to be of his Majesty's Council at N. Hampshire. 
I am, with great respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 21, 1733. 

$ Crocker. Bennet. 

* The records of the Council of New Hampshire at this time are defective. The 
journal for March 10 gives only the names of the persons present; and there is no 
account of the meeting of March 12. — Eds. 



Rey d & Worthy Sir, — Your kind letter of the 4 
Janu a last wrote in the name of the Hono ble Society for 
propagating Christian Knowledge came to my hands 16 
ult 1 , and I hold myself much oblig'd to the Society for 
their candid acceptance of my endeavours to promote the 
excellent charity they are ingag'd in. Paul may plant & 
Apollos water, but from God alone comes the increase, 
and if it pleases him to descend with his almighty & 
sovereign grace upon your pious undertaking, then shall 
the infidels of this land be deliver'd from the Power of 
Darkness & translated into the Kingdom of Christ. How 
great is the pleasure of doing good, such a good to man- 
kind. For he that converts a sinner from the error of 
his way saves a soul from death. How high & how noble 
is the reward of those that are instrumental of turning 
many to righteousness, even to shine as the stars for ever 
& ever. 

I have lately heard from the several missionaries who, 
I hope, are diligent in their work, altho' it is attended 
with great difficulty from the early impressions made on 
the aboriginals of this country by the Popish missionaries. 

As the Indians here are a poor mean people, and are 
constantly begging of the Society's missionaries for the 
necessities of nature I think it wou'd be very well for the 
Society to enlarge their bounty by allowing the three 
missionaries to distribute yearly 3 or 4£ st r apeice in 
cloathing, eatables, & now & then a Bible & other good 
books when they may be capable of reading. Thus the 
Popish missionaries win 'em, and endear themselves to 
'em. I have re'd your letter to your Commiss™, with 
which I am well satisfy 'd & so are they, and intend in a 

* We have not been able to identify the person to whom this letter was sent. At the 
anniversary meeting of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, 
held in Edinburgh in January, 1731-2. "Mr. William Grant, Advocate," was elected 
Secretary. Governor Belcher may have been mistaken in thinking his correspondent 
should be addressed as "Rev<J Sir." — Eds. 

1733.] TO THOMAS CORAM. 297 

little time to be making answer thereto. You may rest 
assured of my doing everything in my power for promot- 
ing this good work, and so I doubt not will your Commiss rs 
collectively & seperately as they have opportunity. 

That the dews of heaven may be continually dropping 
on each member of this Society to the best increase of 
his spiritual & temporal interest is the sincere desire of, 
Rev d Sir, 

Your most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 21, 1733. 
$ Crocker. 


Sir, — Cap* Homans & Grocock have brought me your 
obliging letters of Feb 1 * 10 & Mar. 3 ; and those you in- 
clos'd have been duly deliver'd. I am again much gratify 'd 
with the very intelligible account you give me of the state 
of Europe, and really think 6* Britain seems to bear too 
tamely the intrigues & affronts of the princes about her, 
but more especially the unpardonable insults & depreda- 
tions from the Spaniards. And why the plantations (so 
capable of supplying the mother country with naval 
stores) are so little regarded or encourag'd is a mystery 
out of my conception. 

Doubtless Stanislaus will carry his election for Poland, 
and if the Turks can clap up a peace with the new Persian 
usurper they will be ready to attack the Emperour in his 
hereditary dominions while the French play the same 
game in Flanders, and so involve us in a general war, 
which God avert. 

Wise it is in the S° Sea Company to lay aside their 
Greenland ships, and their stock wou'd doubtless soon 
advance if they had done with trade, which I always lookt 
upon a peice of villany manag'd by a select comp a of their 



The project of an inlarg'd excise with you makes a 
great noise, even at this distance. 

"What you mention about the Elector of Hannover is a 
most extraordinary affair, which we must by no means 

I take a particular notice of all you write about the 
Hono ble M r Oglethorp, to whom I wish all imaginable 
success & happiness in his new Georgian world. I have 
lately wrote him under cover to the Gov r of Carolina, 
desiring him to make my house his own if he comes this 
way, and I shall endeavour to treat him with the respect 
& honour due to his extraordinary character. The last 
ship from S° Carolina sayes it was very sickly in that 
Province. I wou'd have you see the year roll about 
before you conclude to embark for Georgia. If finally 
you shou'd go, I shou'd be very glad to see you here. 

I am really no judge of the value of M r Smith's interest 
in his late uncle Morey's estate,* but am pretty much of 
opinion that the young man will do little good in the 
affair. He don't seem to me cut out for such business. 
I heartily wish your health & prosperity, and am, Sir, 
Your ready friend & most humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 21, 1733. 
tf Crocker. 


Brother Partridge, — M r Oliver, my nephew, t a 
passenger in Crocker, has the charge of this with my 
large bundle of letters to be deliver' d you with his own 

Pray forward the inclos'd bill of lading to Mess ra 
Goizins at Bristol, to whom I shall write V Cap 1 Row in 

* See note, ante, p. 111. — Eds. 

t Andrew Oliver, afterward Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts. He was born in 
Boston March 28, 1706, and died there March 3, 1774. Governor Belcher gave him a large 
number of letters of introduction to his friends in England. — Eds. 


14 or 20 dayes. The produce of all my ore will be 
remitted to you. 

I send T Cap* Crocker a pair of our finest, largest wild 
geese, of which I desire your particular care to get them 
into the Queen's duck-pond at Kichmond or Kensington, 
& some way or other let her Majesty know they are a 
token of duty from Gov r Belcher. I mention the Queen 
because M r Newman writes me Sir Hans Sloan had a pair 
of those I sent last year, and was so pleas'd with 'em as 
to say he wou'd present them to the Queen. My son 
Andrew sends his brother f> Crocker a cage with 5 flying 
squirrells, the dam & 4 young ones, the latter are very 
tame. I wou'd have Jonathan contrive to be introduced 
to the Princess Koyal, and present them to her. I know 
they are a curiosity in England. Forgive this trouble 
from, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, May 28, 1733. 
$ Crocker. 


Sir, — The 12 of last month came to my hands your 
favour of 21 Febru a , and I have already directed one of 
the forfeited bonds for a Mediterranean pass to be put in 
suit at N w Hampshire, and I shall now order the Naval 
Officer both there & here to make a strict inquiry into all 
such bonds, & to do their duty upon them. I take notice 
there is allow'd for issuing these passes, 

to yourself 25/ st r 

to the Sec ry of this Province ) 10/ ) ,, . 

& to the Naval Officer [ 12/6 1 thlS m ° n6y - 

* Josiah Burchett was born of obscure parentage about 1666, and died Oct. 2, 1746. At 
the age of fourteen he entered the service of Samuel.Pepys, then Secretary of the Admiralty 
as a body-servant and clerk. After leaving Pepys he had a varied experience; and from 
1698 to 1742 he was Secretary of the Admiralty, having previously been for a few years 
joint Secretary. He was also for some years a member of Parliament, and published 
several historical works of not much value. See Dictionary of National Biography, vol. vii. 
pp. 291, 292. —Eds. 


But I have never yet taken any thing for administring 
the oath & signing the pass & certificate. I think the 
King's Gov r ought to have at least as much as any officer 
under him. Why shou'd I attend & do services to the 
trade for nothing, while every body else is paid at same 
time ? 

I am now, Sir, to acquaint you that M r Byfield, late 
Judge of the Admiralty, dy'd yesterday of no other dis- 
temper but that of 80 years of age. And I have order' d 
a commission to be fill'd up for Rob* Auchmuty, Esq., the 
present Advocate General of that Court, to succeed him ; 
and another for William Shirley, Esq., to succeed M r 
Auchmuty as Advocate. They are gent m bred at the Inns 
of Court & esteem'd of good knowledge in the law. I 
have thought it my duty that the Lords Commiss rs of the 
Admiralty shou'd be acquainted with this occurrence, that 
their Lordships may give such orders herein as they may 
judge proper. I am with great respect and deference to 
their Lordships, Hono ble Sir, 

Your most obedient & most humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, June 7, 1733. 

I give you, Sir, my most humble & hearty thanks for 
the honour you have done M r Belcher at the Temple in 
the kind notice you have taken of him, of which he gives 
me a very particular & gratefull acc tfc , and I wish it may 
ever lye in my power to return it to any one coming to 
me under your patronage, for I really am, Sir, 

Y r most faithfull friend & servant. J. B. 

$ Pitcher. 


Hono blk Sir, — I was favour'd with yours in their 
course of 25 ult ! & 1 cur", and am apt to think the re- 
turn of ingratitude to the Gov 1 " may be repented of when 
too late bv those who have great interests in & dream 




much of their eastern paradise. I assure you I am be- 
come very quiescent in what may be the future determi- 
nation from home as to that country, and which I have 
good reason to believe will be a sort of revocation of 
what's come, and that Monsieur shall remain in statu 
quo ; and I think the concern'd richly deserve such a 
turn in that affair. I can't write what I wou'd say, only 
thus much, that I have lately had from the Hibernian 
Maj r# & others considerable overtures for a parley & 
amnesty, nor am I wholly averse to falling into it. The 
ingratitude of the hero of the mob t is what the whole 
world allows to be without a parallel. 

As to the suspended mandamus 3 I think that matter 
will finally come out as I last wrote you, about which I 
give myself no trouble, nor of the whispers & illus- 
trations of the party. What I did with wicked Jerry 
was exactly right. 

I now inclose you a letter & acc tfc reed this post from a 
committee of the 15,000 £ loan, on which make your 
remarks & return it to me with a further warrant grounded 
on this letter to press their issuing the extents, which the 
people may know they have in some measure brought on 
themselves by dancing to the pipes of their present lead- 
ers. Perhaps the comt ee doing their duty in obedience 
to my order may give a favourable turn to the ensuing 
choice, for which when do you judge may be the luckiest 
juncture ? And what have the Assembly to do with the 
15,000 £ that the coih tee mention them in their letter ? 

I am sorry to tell one so nearly ally'd as you are that 
the member from Falm° $ is diverted from much better 
business to be made one of the cat's paws, tools & f — Is 
of the party. 

* See note, ante, p. 294, and Belcher's letter to Waldron, post, p. 302. Under date of 
June 11, Belcher wrote to Ellis Huske: "May Cosby is here, & tells me he is something 
uncertain whether he shall go to London or N. York, and that Colin Dunbar waits at 
Pemaquid for further orders." — Eds. 

t Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 

t The member for Falmouth was Col. Thomas Westbrook, Waldron's father-in-law.— 


What you mention about a Massachusetts Agency I 
know has been brooded upon for more than 18 months 
past, but the hen seems to be leaving the nest, concluding 
her eggs to be addel'd. 

Short sessions are doubtless best, & more especially 
when people are set upon mischief. We are daily ex- 
pecting a London ship, which may give something worth 
handing to you. With my kind regards to yourself & 
your very valuable lady, I remain, Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, June 11, 1733. 



Sir, — I have yours T Fellows & the post of 11 & 15 
present. What you mention is also talkt here of a sloop 
going to Pemaquid to take in the soldiers, and to trans- 
port them to Annapolis ; and it's added that Don Quixot 
goes with 'em. The result of this a little time will dis- 
cover. I am something inclin'd to think he has wrote 
home to resign N w Hampshire, and that old H. will suc- 
ceed. The Irish Maj r din'd with me last week, from 
whom I gather an act of oblivion & a setled peace wou'd 
be very agreeable, and truly, Sir, some monsters to whom 
I have shown great respect & favour richly deserve my 
giving such a turn to affairs. Husk must attend his 
duty better at the Superiour Court, or he '11 be baffl'd & 
laught at. I expect to receive fresh orders T the next 
ship to admit the suspended mandamus 8 . When may be 
the best time to bring forward the new choice? I hear 
the Falm° gent m begins to be more cautious. I have at 
present a good respect for him & if an Indian war hap- 
pens (which God forbid) it may be of some service to his 

I take notice of all you say about the £15,000 loan, in 
which I am oblig'd by my instructions to do all I can to 




have it paid in, and I am still more confirm'd by what 
you say that in justice to the people in gen 11 it ought to 
be done ; and I cannot but think it wou'd give a favour- 
able turn to the next election. Why shou'd you not then 
draw & send me a new order to sign grounded upon their 
letter & ace"? and we must be thinking of the best use 
to be made of the forfeited towns. There are no fresh 
orders or advices by the two last ships respecting Mon- 
sieur. All my letters from Whitehall do me much honour, 
& give me great satisfaction as to the whole of my admin- 
istration, and I can assure you the gallantry of this As- 
sembly shrinks & cowes every day, and their hero loses 
ground among 'em, and has in 10 dayes past lost several 
darling points. The affair of the Treasury is a very 
popular thing, yet a letter last week from their Agent 
has in a manner struck the D — ct — r * &■ his adherents 
into despair, and I think a little more patience will force 
'em into their duty, and things will be growing easier & 
easier. I am truly, Sir, 

Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, June 18, 1733. 


Sir, — My last was a few lines 29 ult? T Ben net, since 
whicli I am favour'd with yours of Apr 1 7, 13, 14, 16, & 
30 f> Hammerden, Homans & White, with the cloathing 
for me & the things for your sister, all amounting to 
£79. 0. 6. I am pleas'd with what you have sent, being 
good of the sorts. I say, I am thankfull, and had you 
not sent them I shou'd have been content, and because 
you wrote me uncertainly I was oblig'd to buy a suit of 
good cloaths before they came, and shall lay these by to 
wear the next year, if it pleases God to spare my life. 

* Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 


I take a particular notice of what you are in advance 
for me. I sent Mess™ Goizins 12 tuns of ore V Row, who 
sail'd about 10 dayes since, with orders to send you the 
produce, which I am afraid will not be much, because the 
ore was but ordinary ; but I am daily expecting a parcel 
from the works that will be very good, so as to yield 
£30 st r a tun, which shall go T the first ship to Bristol 
that the money may be with you as fast as possible, and 
I shall also purchase the first good bill of exch a I can 
meet with to send you. 

I will have no difference with Coll 11 Dunbar or his 
brother, if they carry it within the rules of decency & 
good manners, which you know, brother, I must always 
take care of in my station, since the King's honour is 
nearly concern'd. I assure you I will incline to forget all 
that 's past, & nothing on my part shall be inconsistent 
with a gent m . 

As to the admission of Wentworth & Atkinson into the 
Council at N w Hampshire, upon what you & my son write, 
I will do it next time I go thither (which will be in a few 
months), and there is little or no business to be done at 
Council before. This you may please to say to the Lords 
of Trade if any difficulty shou'd arise, and desire liberty 
that the inclos'd respecting Wentworth may be re'd at 
the Board while you are present, which perhaps may per- 
swade their Lordships to think I ought to suspend him 
after he is admitted. We hear T Kenwood, who left the 
west of England begining of May that the Sugar Bill had 
past the House of Lords, who had been so good to this 
Province as to drop it in two successive sessions before, & 
I take the doing it now as an admonition to the people of 
this Province for their bearing so audaciously upon the 
King & his ministers. Perhaps some violent men here 
(tho' but few) who love to keep the government in flame 
& confusion may too late see their folly, and the people 
repent when they have lost what they mayn't be able to 


recover. I have the duplicate of the King's leave for 
taking my support, cost 28/, for which I thank you, tho' 
for the future that charge may be sav'd by your own 
letter saying the matter is done. 

I have sent Jacob's bill & protest to Cap* Husk, who is 
endeavouring to send you a good bill in lieu of it. 

The affair of the new excise I find rais'd a general dis- 
satisfaction, and I am glad it's blown over, and time may 
make things easy with the King & his ministers. 

I am sorry to hear of the death of L d Chief Justice 
Raymond, who had the character of one of the greatest 
lawyers of the age. 

I gave M r Gatcomb the bill of lading you inclos'd me 
to demand the bale of goods of Hammerden. D r Clark 
brought me the stockings you deliver'd him. 

The constant accounts you give me of my son's sobriety 
& of his diligence in his studies yield me an uncommon 
pleasure & satisfaction, and I am thankfull he is in so 
great favour with Judge Reeves, and so well acquainted 
with his nephew. These things wisely employ 'd must 
doubtless turn to his advantage in time. Let Jonathan 
stick close & perseveringly to his studies, and God sparing 
his life, I am content that he be admitted to the barr in 
three years from his being fixt in his chambers in the 
Temple. He writes me, as you do, of the great respect 
he receives from M r Belcher of Paul's Yard. I know he 
has one only child (a daughter) which I have often seen ; 
and do you think, brother, she is comely & handsome ? 
But if not so overmuch, if she has a fine mind & a fine 
sweet temper, those things with a fine fortune may make 
a man happy. But then, brother, you must remember 
the mother may dye, and the father upon another mar- 
riage have children enough to heir a large estate. These 
things ought to be consider'd in time, that your nephew 
mayn't miscarry in an affair which nothing but death 
can undoe. If all other circumstances shou'd concurr, I 
think there ought to be so much in hand, and the rest 



of the estate secur'd after the decease of the father & 
mother. But I find myself too far enter' d into an affair 
which I don't approve of, and I must pray you & your 
nephew to read over all I wrote him at the time of 
his being so taken with Miss C — s — by (now Lady 
F — tz — R — y), more particularly my letter to him of 
14 Aug 8t last.* Had he marry' d that young lady (tho' 
so fine as he fancy'd), I shou'd have dated the loss of all 
my care & cost about him from that time. He will not 
be 23 years old till the 23 d of next month. T must there- 
fore beg of him to be patient about the grand affair of 
marrying 'till he is in some tolerable capacity of sup- 
porting a family with decency & honour. Let him & his 
friends be able to judge whether he may be likely to get 
a livelyhood, and make a figure at the barr. Yet if after 
all, some young lady of an agreeable person, of a fine 
mind, & of a plentifull fortune is minded to bestow these 
things on a young gent m of a person goodly enough, of a 
tolerable mind, & I think of an ingennuous temper, and 
who shall have his full proportion of my estate, I will 
finally acquiesce upon your advice, and that of all his & 
my friends, altho' I think a course of time might produce 
something more to his advantage. Spare my dear Jona- 
than as much as you can in all my affairs, that he may be 
still the greater proficient in the law. 

Inclos'd is Lawrence Fiott's [Trott's] second bill on W m 
Dobree, payable to Philip Dumaresq, for £30 st r & indorst 
to you which you'll receive & place to C r of Cap* Husk. 

I intend to write to you again V this convey", and am 
alwayes, Sir, Y(m brother & friend j B 

Inclos'd you have a bill of lading for a h hd q* 9 doz. 
& 5 bottles Mad a wine f- Cary, which asks your accept- 
ance. I think it's good & wish the h hd wou'd have held 
more bottles. 

Boston, June 28, 1733. 
tf Cary. 

* See note, ante, p. 170. — Eds. 





My Lords, — Since I last wrote your Lordships I have 
met the new Assembly of this Province, and I humbly 
refer your Lordships to their Journal herewith for their 
proceedings, by which your Lordships will see they seem 
resolv'd to supply no money in support of the King's 
government or for paying their just debts, 'till there 
comes a conclusive answer to their Address to the King 
and of their memorial to the House of Commons. I 
must therefore again beseech your Lordships that these 
affairs may have dispatch, and thereby the King's gov- 
ernment & his people be deliver'd from the dangers & 
difficulties they now lye expos'd to. I have faithfully 
done all in my power in obedience to the King's royal 
orders, and what remains must be from his Majesty. I 
now beg leave to repeat to your Lordships the great dis- 
tress & extremity the people of this Province are brought 
to for want of a good medium to carry on end their trade 
& commerce, and think it wou'd be a good service to his 
Majesty's subjects that your Lordships wou'd send me 
the King's leave to sign a bill of the nature of that I 
sent your Lordships in Janu a last, which wou'd make an 
emission of the best sort of credit bills that were ever 
yet put forth in this Province ; and I cou'd wish the 
leave might also extend to N. Hampshire, which wou'd 
be a great ease & relief to his Majesty's good subjects 
there. For really, my Lords, it is impossible for the 
traffick to be carry' d an end without something of this 
kind, nor does the restriction the King has laid me under 
fully answer the end of preventing a multiplication of 
paper currency of the low, mean value it constantly is, 
since Connecticutt & Rh d Island issue out what of it they 
please, without controul. Let me therefore again intreat 
your Lordships that the King's good people under my 
care may be supported in their trade & business by the 



benefit of such a bill as I have mention'd; and I shou'd 
rejoyce that your Lordships wou'd put the line betwixt 
this Province & N. Hampshire into a method of settling, 
according to my letter of 13 Janu a last, which wou'd be 
doing a very kind part to the people of N. Hampshire. 
And I wou'd pray your Lordships that the mandamus 8 
for Mess r8 Sherburne & Husk may be made out & deliver'd 
to M r Partridge. 

Your Lordships will observe by the votes of the Mas- 
sachusetts Assembly that there arose a difficulty the 6 
cur fct about their voting my support, and some men of 
great influence were intirely against my having any, 
unless I wou'd break the King's instructions, & sign the 
bill for supply of the Treasury in the way they are con- 
tending for, and contrary to the Charter. And the ques- 
tion put for my support was first of all without those 
words, at this time, but when the violent opposers to any 
peace in the government lookt on the question so stand- 
ing, it's suppos'd they thot it was too bold & barefac'd 
upon the King to whom they have made so many publick 
& solemn promises of amply & honourably supporting his 
Gov r , and to do it the first thing at their May session ; 
therefore after the vote was past of 6 cur" they propos'd 
an amendment to it of these words, at this time, and yet 
when the motion came forward again on the 15 the same 
set of men oppos'd any bill for the Gov r ' s support, 
unless it were tackt to a bill for supply of the Treasury 
in the manner before mention'd. Thus your Lordships 
see the difficulty I labour with for paying a strict duty & 
obedience to his Majesty, & it shall be my care, my Lords, 
that this people shall never have any other complaint 
against me ; and notwithstanding the opposition made 
to it, yet I now inclose your Lordships a bill past by the 
House of Repr & by his Majesty's Council the 20 cur" 
for £3000 for my support, and I again pray your Lord- 
ships' favour that I may have the royal leave for giving 




my assent to this bill, & wou'd hope your Lordships will 
think it most consistent with the King's honour that the 
leave be general for the future, & which will save your 
Lordships a great deal of trouble & me a great expence 
of sollicking leave to take my bread ; and I must freely 
repeat to your Lordships that there is not the least pros- 
pect of a Gov r ' s ever being supported by an Assembly 
here in any other manner, and I believe your Lordships 
will allow that it is a great hardship on a Gov r to spend 
his salary a year before he gets it, as has been my case 
hitherto; and as I have often said to your Lordships 
shou'd my mortality happen while solliciting for leave, 
the Assembly seems to me to have so little justice or 
honour as that I don't expect the grant wou'd ever be 
reviv'd, and the hard fate of Gov r Burnett's family must 
convince the world of what I say in this matter. I 
therefore intreat your Lordships that the royal leave may 
have as much dispatch as possible, for by the delay of it 
the last year it arriv'd but 5 days before the then As- 
sembly must have expir'd, according to the royal Charter, 
when that grant wou'd have been lost. 

I remain with great deference & respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, June 28, 1733. 
$ Cary. Cooper. 


May it please your Grace, — I have often re'd 
with great duty & pleasure the honour of your Grace's 
letter in fav r of M r Shirley, which with his personal merit 
will always command from me every respect & friendship 
in my power. But really, my Lord Duke, there is hardly 
any place here in the gift of the Gov r worth M r Shirley's 
notice. Upon the death of the Judge of the Admiralty 


for this & the neighbouring Province I gave him a com- 
mission to succeed, which he held a little while, but 
finding it a hindrance to his practice of the law he has 
resign'd, nor is that place worth a gent m ' 8 care or trouble, 
for the whole perquisite of it is not 30 guineas a year. 
But if your Grace cou'd find any place in the gift of his 
Majesty here for so worthy a gent m as M r Shirley, I am 
sure he wou'd do honour in any station to your Grace's 
countenance & patronage ; and shou'd there hereafter 
happen a vacancy of the Surveyor of the Customs, or of 
the Collector for this port, either of those places wou'd be 
a handsome support for M r Shirley's family, & worthy of 
your Grace's donation. I have thot it my duty to say 
thus much, not only in answer to your Grace's recomend- 
ation, but in justice to M r Shirley. I have the honour to 
be with all possible respect & deference, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most obedient & most devoted humble 
serv*. J. B. 

Boston, June 30, 1733. 

tf Cary. 


Sir, — I wrote you the 28 cur tfc ¥> this convey*, and 
now desire you to read the inclos'd to D. Newcastle, 
Lords Trade, & Lord Wilmington, with the bill I have 
inclos'd, which was past this session for my support. I 
wou'd pray you to be as expeditious as possible in obtain- 
ing the royal leave for my signing this act, bearing in 
mind that it arriv'd last year but 5 dayes before the 
Assembly must have expir'd, and have expos'd me to the 
hazard of losing the whole money, as I may this in case 
of my mortality. I hope you will put Lord Wilmington 
in mind of his promise that it shou'd have dispatch when 
it came another year. You may assure his Lordship that 
the people don't esteem any delay about it a rod or pun- 


ishment to them, altho' it is to the Gov r to be alwayes 
spending his salary a year before he has leave to take it, 
besides the great hazard he runs of losing it; nor is it 
usual, convenient, or honourable to keep the Gen 11 Assem- 
bly as I have (for 3 years past) upon adjournments for a 
whole year. M r C — k made all the opposition in his 
power to the bill for my support, but gain'd only 14 or 
15 hands out of 80 odd. However, as I look upon him 
the author of all the trouble & contention in the governm*, 
& one that will never be easy, I have dismist him from 
his Judge's place. # I hope you will be able to get Coll 11 
H. Sherburne to be Leiu fc Gov r of N. Hampshire, and 
Coll 11 Jos. Sherburne with Cap fc Husk to be of the Council. 
These things wou'd strengthen my hands in the governm* 
there, as wou'd a letter from D. N. Castle & another from 
Lord Wilmington much more, both in this Province & 
that. Pray, get me such letters, if you can, approving 
my administration, and make prudent enquiry, and give 
me answer to the inclos'd question. 

In Jonathan's letter is a ps. of gold from his mother, 
and an order from a soldier of Chelsea Hospital to receive 
for him ab fc £11, which when Jon a has reed, I am to pay 
the man here with the exch a . These small things may 
help out his pocket money. He will assist, as you shall 
order, in procuring the leave for taking my salary, and 
pray brother let me have it by some of the early fall 
ships. I intend to write you again by this ship, purely 
respecting my son's election for the next Parliament. I 
am, in the mean time & alwayes, Sir, 

Your assured friend & loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, June 30, 1733. 
$ Cary. 

* Elisha Cooke, one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas* for Suffolk County, 
was displaced June 21 , 1733. See Whitmore's Mass. Civil List, p. 78. — Eds. 



Sir, — Cap* Shepherdson brought me your kind favour 
of 12 Feb r with some auriculas, which liv'd a few weeks, 
but are all dead since. I am oblig'd to you for intending 
to send me some July-flowers at autumn. If you can 
spare them, it will greatly oblige me to add some auri- 
culas ; perhaps they may escape, and I don't understand 
any such thing is to be found on the continent of America. 
The tulips you sent me came in good order & bloom'd 
well in the season. One M r Travers, an oil-man in Fen 
Church Street gave me a box of strawberry roots, came 
from Chili in New Spain, which he told me bore straw- 
berries in his garden near as big as a Jenniting pear ; but 
I had the misfortune to lose so great a rarity by the care- 
lessness of the shipmaster. If you have any such thing, 
I shou'd be glad of a few roots. I now send f> Cap* Cary 
a box with some roots of lillies that blow from 10 to 30 
May ; they are of a yellow green, & the outside leaf in- 
clin'd to purple. It grows in moist, cold ground near the 
edges of swampy land, but for the more particular descrip- 
tion of it, I refer to what's in postscript. I think you'll 
be pleas' d with it, when you see it in its bloom ; it's a 
curious flower. 1 intend to send you some other things 
at autumn, when they can be taken up. My humble 
service to your brother M r John Jackson, to whom I shall 
write in a little time. I remain with much respect, Sir, 
Your most obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

The lillie is called Sarracena Canadensis. Foliis cavis 
et auristis. T. J. E. H. p. 567. Limonium peregrinum. 
Foliis forma floris Aristolochiae. C. B. P. Limonis Con- 
gener. Chus. Hist. D r Tournefort nam'd it Sarracena 
from D r Sarracen, who first sent it to Paris from Canada. 

Boston, July 2, 1733. 
tf Cary. 





My dear Son, — I have wrote your uncle & you at 
large w this convey*, and am now beginning my third to 
you,* and shall do the same to him. You must constantly 
communicate to each other, that you may the better 
understand my intentions. This is purely respecting your 
standing a candidate at the next election, in which I am 
fully determin'd, if upon the best advice you find it fea- 
sable, rational, & probable to succeed in the attempt, which 
I think must be made at Coventry or Tamworth. I am 
told the first has 1600 voters ; the last, you say, but 160, 
so that if M r Abney don't stand, I shou'd think it more 
easy & less charge to obtain your election at Tamworth 
than Coventry. I particularly observe all that M r Crop- 
land writes. Pray, who is he ? & how came you ac- 
quainted ? And what are the manufactures of that 
borough ? You say, you are to offer yourself on the same 
terms you made the City of Coventry, — pray what were 
those ? I pay a great deference to my Lord of Lincoln's 
judgment in this affair, and am resolv'd to do every thing 
in my power to effect it, and according to what your 
uncle wrote me last year, I send him f> this convey* my 
bond duly executed, pay* in 12 months for £2000 st r , 
with interest. It is, according to his direction, left blank 
for him to put in the name according to the use he makes 
of it. This bond, I suppose, is to procure money for the 
expence of your election, tho' I hope 500 guineas may go 

* The other two letters to Jonathan Belcher, Jr., sent by this conveyance are short, and 
contain little which is not said in substantially the same way in other letters; bat in the 
second of them there is one paragraph which is too characteristic of Governor Belcher not 
to be given here. Under date of June 30, he writes to his son: "When it may be a 
proper opportunity for you to marry, I think Mr Samuel Reed's daughter of Hackney is a 
fine young lady (I think about 12) of an hono ble family by the mother. I suppose has & 
will have a good education, and as I remember of good sense & a fortune rather overgrown. 
But I speak of this at a distance, unless the father, mother, & daughter shou'd incline that 
she marry young. A sober man & a good lawyer will go a great way, if you can attain to 
'em." — Eds. 




a great way. But the great matter, Jonathan, is for a 
qualification, which you say must be had 12 months 
before the writts are issued. I have, it's true, a good 
estate, but it's cheifly real, and must take time to turn 
into money, and more time to get bills to remit it, which, 
indeed, is the hardest thing to be done in this countrey ; 
yet I am willing to go thorro' any difficulty to get you into 
Parliament, hoping it may lay the best foundation of 
your future advantage. But since what I mention will 
necessarily require time to effect, and that the writts may 
be coming out in 12 months from this time, it will be 
impossible for me to qualify you in season. If, therefore, 
that favour cannot be done you by D r Reynolds or some 
other friend, I don't see but after all the affair must drop. 
I can't see any hazard wou'd be run in the matter to take 
your bond or note for the value, which you* may pay 
when you can, or return the estate. I say, since whoever 
does it will know they have to do with an honest man, I 
can't see they need make much difficulty. You have seen 
my estate near Pomfret which consists of 4000 acres 
choice land, 4 houses & 5 barns, and I suppose might 
fetch 12 or £14,000 this currency, and will be worth 
more than as much more in ten years. If your uncle & 
you think my making you a convey* of that wou'd be of 
service to give you a better credit in a qualification, upon 
your answer I wou'd do it, or any thing else I cou'd, 
rather than that you shou'd fail in this great affair. 

If it be necessary for me to write to M r Crosland, or 
any body else at Tarn worth or Coventry, according as 
you fix, let me know & I'll do it. Thus you have my 
mind, and I refer you also to what I write your uncle, 
and remain with an indelible affection, 

Your loving father, J. B. 

Boston, July 2, 1733. 

$ Cary. Cooper. 



Sir, — I am now begining my third T this convey*, 
and is purely respecting your nephew's standing a candi- 
date at the next election, of which I have wrote this day 
at large, & order' d him to communicate it to you, to save 
the trouble of my repeating. In conformity to what you 
wrote me last year I now inclose my bond for £2000 st r , 
pay a in 12 months with interest, and the name left to be 
fill'd up by you according as you may use it. This, I 
suppose, is to assist in procuring money to defrey the 
expence of your nephew's election, in which I hope 500 
guineas may go a great way. The grand affair of his 
qualification must be done by some friend with you, or 
the whole scheme falls to the ground ; for it's morally 
impossible, brother, for me to give him a qualification in 
time. I have, it's true, a good estate, and all safe ashore, 
worth I believe nearer 70 than £60,000 this currency, & 
growing in value, but it will take time to dispose of it, & 
more time to get good bills to remit money, for that is 
the hardest thing to be done in this country. If some 
fine young lady, with a good fortune shou'd take a fancy 
to bestow them upon him, that might give him a qualifi- 
cation at once. A man of vertue, parts, & industry with 
a goodly person, are what I have known go a great way 
at London towards a great match. As I am very de- 
sirous your nephew shou'd be a member of Parliament, 
I will, brother, do all & every thing I can towards it, 
and shall depend you & he write me constantly & par- 
ticularly of the matter. If he be at Cambridge perhaps 
it may be necessary that he comes to London & consults 
you upon the receipt of these letters. I shall not add, 
but wish him your solid advice & good success. I am, 
dear brother, 

Yours. J. B. 

Boston, July 2, 1733. 


Indorse Whitfield's note for Jon a to receive. 

The bond is witnest by Cap 1 Cooper & his mate, so you 
may prove the execution of it before the Lord Mayor, or 
as you please on his arrival. If the bond be not done as 
it shou'd be, return it, & at same time send me another 
to execute it in the manner you wou'd have it. 

J. B. 

$ Cary. Cooper. 


Sir, — Fellows & the post have brought me yours of 
25 & 29 ult 1 . How vile it is for the expiring wretches to 
keep lying on to the last gasp, and to make ignorant people 
believe I am against the settlement of the Line, when 
nothing (of the kind) wou'd please me better, and it was 
but the last week that I earnestly renew'd my applications 
to the King's ministers that his Majesty wou'd give some 
proper orders to effect it, and that I might also have 
leave for signing an emission of paper currency, according 
to the bill I told you of at Portsm . But it's hardly 
worth while to say these things to those miscreants. You 
may be sure the Line is just as far from being run as 
when their tool imbarkt, unless my letters take effect. I 
think it's agreed on all hands that he has made his voyage 
worth while by greatly increasing his private business. 
We must wait with patience for a return of what I am 
pressing for from Whitehall. I have reason to believe 
that the Cadiz affair will prove a dead loss. 

My service to Cap* Husk, whose letter I can't answer 
today, because two ships are sailing to London. But tell 
him to put all the Mediterranean bonds in suit, and Judge 
Auchmuty does by this post give directions to M r Attor- 
ney General * to make out a process against Atkinson, 

* The Attorney-General of New Hampshire was Matthew Livermore. He was born in 
Watertown, Mass., Jan. 14, 1702-3, and graduated at Harvard College in 1722. Two years 
later he went to Portsmouth, and there taught the grammar school for seven years. In 


at August Court, for the £292 ; and M r Auchmuty will 
come on purpose to assist, and the sheriffes must take 
care to have a good jury. How vile was it for a fellow 
to attempt to starve the Gov r , while I was giving 4 or 
500£ a year to his family. I believe the establishment 
of the other family administ d as much mortification & 
terrour as his own quietus, & so to all the adherents. 
But he may thank his invincible pride & folly for all. 
You may depend he or his boy will soon give me a good 
handle to go on to a thorro purgation. I assure you I 
find (since I saw you last) the Gov r ' s administration so 
well approv'd at home that I have much chang'd my 
political views & schemes ; nor will I support any one in 
power, profit, & honour that makes it his business to keep 
the government in perpetual contention & confusion. 
No. I'll be all of a peice. This day's Gazette will show 
you what's come by the Sheerness man-of-war, which is a 
much greater mortification than the dismission, both to 
him & the whole party ; and perhaps the next ship may 
still tell us of more smart proceedings. I think it high 
time Atkinson's money was paid ; yet I'll still be govern'd 
by you in that matter. But if you think we may succeed, 
methinks to act with some spirit may be very proper. I 
have this day a message from Mons r to desire leave that 
he may support the fort at Pemaquid by letting a number 
of the settlers do duty for him ; but of this matter I soon 
expect a letter from him, and then you'll know more. 
Altho' the Annapolis soldiers are drawing off, yet he is 
desirous to stay himself. I cou'd tell you something else 
on this head which is not proper to write. The Falmouth 
member took his leave of me this morning, & seems to be 
sick of his friends. I am, Hono ble Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, July 2, 1733. 

1731 he was admitted to the bar, and shortly afterward was made Attorney-General and 
King's Advocate in the Court of Admiralty. He died Feb. 14, 1776. See Adams's Annals 
of Portsmouth, pp. 261, 262. — Eds. 



Sir, — I had before this own'd your favour of 19 Dec r 
last, but that I have been for some months expecting your 
being at New Hampshire. 1 thank your care of the letter 
Cap* Giles inclos'd to you ; he afterwards sent me one 
Alexander Campbell, a deserter from Annapolis, whom 
the Indians imagin'd had been the authour of the mischief 
at Cape Sables ; but after examining him there appear'd 
no great reason for their suspicion. However, I return'd 
him to Coll 11 Armstrong, and bid Giles tell the Indians to 
apply thither for any further justice they might expect, 
because what hapen'd was in that government. 

I wrote your Honour a few lines the 4 th ins 11 (tho' it 
ought to 'a' been said the 5 th ) f> Fellows, the carrier, 
owning the receipt of your letter of 2 July from Ports- 
mouth & expressing my satisfaction at your return to 
New Hampshire. Maj r Cosby took a dish of chocolate 
with me this morning, and re'd to me some part of your 
letter of 6 cur tfc to him, which is in the same handsome 
manner with what you write me ; and I do now assure 
you, Sir, that perfectly neglecting all that has past 
between us, it will be a pleasure to me to live with you 
for the future in a good understanding ; and as you say 
you resolve to avoid with all possible industry any dispute 
with me, and that you will be far from attempting any 
incroachment on my powers, you judge extremely right 
that I will scorn to offer to lessen yours, nor will I do 
any unreasonable thing to give you uneasiness, nor will I 
incline to put wrong constructions on your conduct. Yet 
while I have the honour to be the King's Gov r & Cap 
General I expect such respect & duty from you as every 
gent m must allow is alwayes due to the commission with 
which the King has been pleas'd to honour me. In con- 
sequence whereof I shall not be wanting to give you all 
the respect & honour of your station, and I have no doubt 




but such a harmony as I now mention may long subsist 
between us, if some people (whose insolence I despise) 
have not success enough by lying & other vile arts to 
interrupt it. Most certainly, Sir, it cannot be for the 
King's honour, nor for yours or mine to be still bickering, 
nor for the ease of the King's ministers that we be still 
carrying an end complaints. 

I am oblig'd to your Honour, for your opinion in the 
affair of the mandamuss, in which you will find by my 
orders left on the Council files of Janu a 1 & 26 March, 
that I have forbid Mess" Wentworth & Atkinson to be 
sworn by yourself or by the President, or by any other 
gent m of the Council, which order will be a sufficient jus- 
tification in case they apply ; but I don't suppose they 
can, because they have no mandamus 8 to produce. I have 
sent home copies of my orders to the King's ministers, 
with a particular account of the conduct of those persons, 
and am waiting the event. Had they acted with that 
insolence & rudeness to you as they did to me, I believe 
you wou'd 'a' thought a jayl a proper place to teach 'em 
more modesty & manners. 

I take a particular notice of all you say respecting 
Frederick's Fort. By my speech to the Assembly of this 
Province in April last you will see what I said in conse- 
quence of your letter to M r Sec ry Willard, and upon 
receipt of your letter which I am now answering I have 
directed the Sec ry to summon the several members of his 
Majesty's Council to attend me 17 cur", and therefore 
desire your Honour by return of the post to write me a 
distinct letter, & as particular as you please, about the 
fort, the country, & settlements at Pemaquid, which I 
shall lay before the Council, & will do every proper thing 
on my part to keep up the fort & to protect the inhabi- 
tants, and when the Assembly meets I will again press 
these things upon 'em, and in the mean time appoint two 
Justices, of which M r Cargil shall be one, whom M r 


Toppan had also mention'd to me before I reed your 
letter, and if you confirm your character to me of M r 
North I shall name him to the Council for another. But 
as it will not be in their power, nor is it in mine (accord- 
ing to the law of the Province), to make any constables, 
I shall order the Sheriffe of the County of York to depute 
two undersheriffs there, which will answer the end, and 
shou'd be glad you wou'd name to me those of vertue, 
capacity, & substance, being what the King orders me to 
regard in the appointment of all civil officers. What M r 
Auchmuty might say about your having orders to remain 
at Pemaquid must be a mistake. All that I ever heard 
of that matter was, that you had reed a letter from one 
of the Lords of Trade, advising you to stay there 'till you 
heard further from home, which letter I suppose may be 
that you mention of 23 Apr 1 . 

I am sorry you have reason to complain of M r Sec 17 
Waldron, as I find by your letter to Maj r Cosby. I will 
support no body in any disrespect to Coll 11 Dunbar, & so I 
now write him & all my friends, and altho' you are pleas' d 
to say to Maj r Cosby, that the Sec ry is the occasion of my 
having so few friends there, I intirely attribute it to the 
persons I have already mention'd, & cou'd they have been 
continu'd in all the power, honour, & profit of the govern- 
ment they wou'd have surfeited me with cringing & 
fawning. But as every private gent m will take the liberty 
of choosing his own friends, so will every Gov r of those 
he makes his confidants, upon which he'll always find old 
Grubstreet in the right, 

" They that are out 
will pout." 

This, & this only, is the case at N. Hampshire with respect 
to my administration, and I defie the worst of my enemies 
to say, & speak truth, that I have ever done one thing 
but what has been exactly agreeable to the King's in- 
structions, in support of his honour & for the best good 


of that people ; and in the trifling complaint sign'd by 15 
of 'em about two years ago they asserted several down- 
right falshoods, which I plainly demonstrated in answer 
to a copy of it sent me from Whitehall. If truth & 
justice will not entitle a gent m to friends, I must be con- 
tent to be without 'em ; nor do I think any of the people 
at N. Hampshire that are otherwise to me worth my 
courtship. I am resolv'd to be an honest man and a 
faithfull servant to the King, and I assure you, Sir, I 
have a considerable contempt for their little, impotent 

I ask pardon for this long letter (which Maj r Cosby has 
re'd) ; and unless much business offers I shall not be so 
tedious for the future, & now remain with much respect, 
Hono ble Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant. J. B^ 

Don't forget the letter I mention about Pemaquid. 

Boston, July 9, 1733. 

I had almost forgot, Sir, to acquaint you that I have 
directions from the Lords of the Admiralty to put in suit 
without loss of time all the forfeited bonds for Mediter- 
ranean passes, and that I have accordingly order'd M r 
Livermore, the King's Attorney General to do his duty 
therein, and to prosecute M r Atkinson for £292. He has 
been a long time indebted to the Province, and by this 
post I have told M r Livermore to pay his duty to the 
Leiu* Gov r , and I shall not doubt your giving him your 
countenance & assistance for his Majesty's service & in- 
terest in these affairs. J. B. 



Hono ble Sir, — M r Fellows & the post brought me 
yours of 2 & 6 cur**, and by the former I wrote the Leiu* 
Gov r a few lines, as I do this day at large by the post, in 



answer to a very handsome letter I have from him. by 
which he seems resolv'd to live in a good friendship & 
understanding with me ; & I have assur'd him that 
nothing on my part shall break in upon it. He has no 
new intelligence f> Rindge. I mention his countenancing 
& assisting Cap* Husk in prosecuting the Mediterranean 
bonds, and to do the same to the Attorney General in 
Atkinson's affair ; all w r hich I think best to be done now, 
unless you have good reasons to the contrary. Your 
Court is in Aug st & much time cannot be slipt. I now 
write the Attorney Gen 11 a comfortable letter, and have 
no doubt but the Leiu* Gov r will do his duty, and be very 
cautious how he enters into any new difference with the 
Gov r . I cannot w T rite what I wou'd say & communicate 
if with you ; yet I will repeat, that my political schemes 
& views have taken a different turn in my thoughts, upon 
advices from home and the change of things here, and I 
am determin'd to cultivate a good correspondence, which 
I really think will be best on all heads ; perhaps it may 
have a tendency to dispirit the clan, and take their head 
from their shoulders. The Leiu* Gov r complains in a 
letter to Maj r Cosby that you had not 'been to wait on 
him, which I hope you have before this, and that you & 
all my friends will treat him with the respect due to his 
commission, & so I write Coll 11 Walton, Sherburne, & Cap' 
Husk. I say again to you as the Gov r * 6 best friend, if any 
thing may be thought amiss, wait on his Honour, make 
all easy, & treat him very respectfully. I can't write my 
reasons ; but I think I am exactly right at present. If 
there be occasion (as I hope there won't) to alter here- 
after, you shall know it. 

The Dux Gregis * you mention is a hardned sinner ; 
yet if it be possible in his nature to relent he may some 
time or other repent of provoking the Gov r to mark out 
new paths. Mankind generally agree with you that the 

* Cook, I believe. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 




Gov r well tim'd the disgrace. I am sorry the billingsgate 
message hadn't reacht the House of Commons timely to 
have put a little more acrimony into their resolve, tho' 
S r John Randolph tells me we may expect the votes f> the 
next ship, and that they are more huming than what's in 
our Gazette. 

I must contradict the bruit of the streets, & assure you 
that the Leiu* Gov r has taken leave of all things eastward, 
& desires me to take fort & people into my care & protec- 
tion, and that I have never wrote him a line since Aug. 
18, 1731, till mine f> Fellows in answer to his. I am in 
great truth, Sir, 

Y r friend & humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, July 9, 1733. 


Sir, — I have yours v M r Fellows of 9 ins fc , and am 
glad you have been to wait on the Leiu* Gov r , who you 
say has been very complaisant to all my friends, & did 
not treat you unhandsomly. My friends will honour 
themselves & me by returning all his civilities in a gen- 
tlemanly manner, & it will be pleasing to me ; for as he 
writes me he will behave cautiously, & industriously avoid 
all difference with me, I have wrote him he shall not find 
any reasonable occasion on my part to do otherwise. His 
letters from home will protract or shorten his stay with 
you. I know he has no great satisfaction in the present 
situation of his affairs ; and I have reason to believe he 
is desirous to live in peace, and that our friends may in 
time work out his present clan. But I may be mistaken. 
I am fully in opinion with what you wrote sometime 
since, that all the N. Hampshire troubles (as well as the 
Massachusetts) spring from the linnen draper's * shop, 

* Deenng. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 



which, according to the great Milton, is the pandemo- 
nium where their Beelzebub * sits chief. They may pre- 
tend what they please, but I know the hurling him 
headlong has gain'd me friends, even from that quarter ; 
and I am waiting for an opportunity (which I believe is 
not far off) to put one of my own family into a pretty 
place of 3 to 400 £ a year. As to a letter from me to 
Coll u Bladen, I find by my Copy Book my last to him 
bore date 6 Nov r last, when Jerry was not arriv'd. 
Nothing will please me more than to have the Line settl'd, 
nor more mortify the great leader of the mob. If the 
draft of Merrimack be on copper, why don't we see some 
of the copies ? After all, altho' I am so desirous of it, yet 
I despair of a sudden settlement of the Line. I think it 
will be for the honour & interest of the F — lm — th mem- 
ber t to let his pressing domestic affairs excuse his at- 
tendance at the next sitting of the Court, because I 
know he can't well avoid holding a candle to the Devil4 

I remain, Sir, 

Your assured friend, J. B. 

Boston, July 12, 1733. 

Pray what is the price of good English hay in your 


# Fellows. 

river ? 


Hono ble Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of 12 psent 
f» the post, owning the receipt of mine of the 9, and I 
hope you had the 2 or 3 lines I wrote before by the 

I am as sorry as you can be that the petit province of 
N. Hampshire shou'd be so divided into parties. As to 

* Cook. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 
t Thomas Westbrook. — Eds. 
X Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 




the late Leiu fc Gov 1 ,* I had had a good acquaintance with 
him for near 30 years before his death, & reed a very 
handsome letter from him while at Whitehall, in which 
he askt my favour in his continuance, and the young 
gent m wrote me as handsomly from Spain upon my ap- 
pointment; nor do I know to this day any reason of 
their first behaving in another manner, unless it was 
that I cou'd not give the bread from my own family to 
theirs. No, I insisted with the Assembly to have the 
salary settl'd in exact conformity to the King's orders, 
which was to be on the King's Gov r without deductions 
or allowances ; and for this I have been thankt from 
home, while my late predecessor was blam'd for doing 
otherwise. Had it not been that I was willing to con- 
tinue my friendship to M r Wentworth, I cou'd as easily 
have brought a new commission for a Leiu* Gov r at N w 
Hampshire as I did for the Massachusetts. 

As to M r Waldron, he did not wait on your Honour 
upon any thing he ever heard from me ; for altho' I had 
4 other letters at same time with yours f> the carrier, 
yet I wrote to no other person than to yourself 'till the 
post, and I am glad M r Waldron knew & did his duty 
without any notice from me, and so I find my other 
friends have done to the Leiu fc Gov r , which is more than 
your friends do to the Gov r when he comes into the Prov- 
ince. However, as I wrote you before, they are not worth 
my notice any more than while I bear the honour of the 
King's commission they shall alwayes know I am their 
Gov r ; and let the ill nature of some people be as it will, 
I now repeat to all my friends to treat the Leiu* Gov r 
with the respect & honour that is due to him. If you 
will allow me to judge, I think it a character that the 
compleatest gent m may be proud of, to be a lover of peace, 
a reconciler of parties, & to delight in such offices. This 

* John Wentworth was Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire from 1717 till his 
death, Dec. 12, 1730.— Eds. 


makes a man easy in himself as well as to the world about 
him ; but to be making & keeping up differences is 
exposing a man to unpleasant consequences which he 
don't dream of. I assure you, Sir, I am so much in your 
sentiments on this head that nothing in my power, con- 
sistent with reason & honour shou'd be wanting in me to 
abate the spirits of the contending people at N. Hamp- 
shire by which the generality of the Province are great 
sufferers. I am glad the gent m you converse with at least 
seems pleas'd that there shou'd be no difference between 
your Honour & myself. If you wou'd give yourself the 
trouble to take the history of the mandamus 8 matter from 
some gent m of truth, I believe you wou'd not be able 
to say you thought the Gov r did wrong. As your Honour 
has wrote to Cap* Temple,* who lives at Noddle's Island, 
tho' I. think he past my gate just now, with M r Lyddel, 
and I expect him to come to me with your letter, I 
at present forbear an answer to that paragraph which 
respects your power & perquisite at N. Hampshire ; when 
he has done as you have directed, you shall have it with- 
out reserve. 

The last winter I order'd the prosecution of some Med- 
iterranean bonds, but the obligors pleading for further 
time I allow'd it, and the passes are since return'd, and I 
think it wou'd be hard not to show the same favour to 
the present delinquents ; I therefore order the Attorney 
Gen 11 not to bring forward any new suit on this head to 
the next Court. M r Livermore sayes your Honour reed 
him handsomely, and that you wou'd alwayes be ready to 
aid & assist him. 

I am sorry the distinct letter you mention met a mis- 
fortune, because I have order'd a general Council to- 
morrow, chiefly on the subject of that letter. Since by 
the report of the Attorney & Sollicitor General, confirm'd 
by the Queen & Council, the Charter of this Province is 

* Robert Temple. See Sumner's History of East Boston, pp. 314-317. — Eds. 

1733.] TO DAVID DUNBAR. 327 

ratify'd anew, and that it's said the lands at Pemaquid 
do (as formerly) belong to this Province, it is no great 
matter what the name of the fort is that your Honour 
repair' d or rebuilt. Tho' you'll find I begin that para- 
graph of my letter thus, " I take a particular notice of 
all you say respecting Frederick's Fort," yet as it's in 
iny government, if I shou'd name it George or Caroline, 
where's the hurt ? tho' I assure you I am mighty well 
pleas'd with the name you have given it. I intend to 
nominate tomorrow the persons you have recommended 
for Justices. As to the matter of Constables, I wrote 
you it was not in my power to appoint any. In one of 
the first clauses of the King's commission to me for this 
Province, I am commanded to govern this people in pur- 
suance of the Charter, and according to such reasonable 
laws & statutes as are in force ; and the law of the 
Province sayes Constables are to be chosen by inhabitants 
erected into townships by the whole Legislature. Indeed, 
I can't see why an under sheriffe mayn't do the office of 
a constable. After Justices are appointed they can have 
cognizance of no cause higher than 40/ according to the 
law of the Province, and as that whole country was 
annext to the County of York by an act of this govern- 
ment 17 years agoe, there is no avoiding coming to York 
when they get into controversies. As they belong to this 
government they must be subject to & may claim the 
benefit of the laws. Let other people think as they 
please, I shou'd be very sorry to have these inhabitants 
draw off, for I shou'd look upon it a weakning of the 
King's government, a damage to this Province, & to the 
private proprietors. I am therefore for giving 'em all 
reasonable encouragment to stay, and I wish the As- 
sembly & the proprietors were of my mind. However, I 
will when it may be a proper juncture propose the hold- 
ing Courts of Justice at York & Falmouth alternately, 
which may be some ease to all the inhabitants even as far 
as S fc George's River. 


I am well pleas'd that what passes between us shou'd 
go no further, any more than that the world may know 
there is no misunderstanding at present, and I assure 
you I shall be best pleas'd there never may. 

I have thoughts of being at N w Hampshire in Sept r 

when I wou'd enter into some talk with you about the 

country from Kennebec to S fc Croix. If I have omitted 

to answer any part of your letter, it is from oversight. 

I remain with great truth & respect, Sir, 

Your Honour's most obedient, humble servant. 

Boston, July 16, 1733. J. B. 



Hono ble Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of 13 psent T 
the post, and am willing to believe the best ; if afterwards 
things shou'd be otherwise, yet I will endeavour nothing 
on my part shall contribute to it ; and I have a great 
many good reasons for this. 

Upon what Husk & Livermore write, I have directed 
the suspension of any new prosecutions of Mediterranean 
bonds at present, but I think it best to go thorro the 
appeal against Wright, as also of the action against At- 
kinson. You must tell the Sheriffes to take care for a 
good jury, for I shou'd n't care to be baulkt. Your wait- 
ing on the Leiu fc Gov r was very well. I believe he & the 
party know the Gov r has not made one first or early step 
towards the present accommodation, tho' I am satisfy'd 
with it k believe it best on all heads. He writes me that 
he found you had been indispos'd, and that had you sent 
him any message he wou'd have made you a visset. 

You are to observe my former order about the Province 
seal, & to come hither when your occasions so require. 
And by return of the post send me a very particular 
answer to the paragraph of his letter in Postscript. How 

1733.] TO DAVID DUNBAR. 329 

k in what manner did Leiu* Gov r Usher, Partridge, 
Vaughn, & Wentworth act under Lord Bellomont, Coll 11 
Dudley, Shute & Burnet ? I suppose the fort was alwayes 
to the Leiu* Gov r by a Cap*' 8 commission from the Gov r ; 
nor do I suppose they are otherwise intitl'd to any pay, 
nor to any perquisites, as registers, licenses, passes to the 
fort, &c a , but by the Gov ' s leave. I am sure by my com- 
mission they are all mine. 

Upon your sending me the petition & a blank commis- 
sion for a Special Judge at the next Superiour Court, I 
shall put in such name as you think proper, & return it. 
The town & province I see are likely to handle some of 
his loose corns. By a letter I have seen from him since 
mine f> Fellows, he is uneasy to stay any longer in 
America, and wants to be at home with his lady & family, 
and I still believe the new Leiuten cy will take place. I 
am with true respect, Sir, 

Your faithfull friend & serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, July 16, 1733. 

" I shall be oblig'd to your Ex cy in letting me know 
what you apprehend to belong to a Leiu* Gov r here as to 
power & perquisites. The value of the one is not worth 
a dispute, & the other certainly is more than a cypher, or 
his Majesty wou'd never give such a commission." 



Sir, — The bearer, Pahcombowarit, is with me upon a 
claim of some land at or near Cochecha, which he is 
minded to sell either to the government or to some private 
person. I tell him if he can make out his title, he may 
perhaps find out a purchaser, but that as it lyes in the 
Province of N. Hampshire it's not likely that he will 
be able to sell it here. He tells me some other Indians 



are concern'd in it, and that he will go to the land & 
meet his partners there, & then come to Portsmouth, for 
which reason he has desir'd this letter to your Honour. 
He sayes the owners of the land are S fc Francois Indians. 
You know they are a humersome people, and must be 
tenderly treated ; and I doubt not your doing them any 
service consistent with reason & justice, after you have 
got the best information you can of the matter, of which 
the inclos'd is the acco tfc he has given me. I am, Hono b!e 

Your humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, July 17, 1733. 
$ an Indian. 


Dear Jonathan, — I have little to add to mine of 
2 cur tfc f Cary, and as I suppose you are spending your 
summer at Cambridge, I forbear interrupting you, but if 
it be necessary towards the grand affair of your election 
to go up to London, you must attend & return to your 
studies at Cambridge. 

Pray, has the Duke of Argyle had his muffe ? * Since 
Lord Raymond is dead wou'd n't it be best to give Judge 
Reeves that law book, cutting out the leafe I wrote on ? 

I now send your uncle y> White 2 q tts of choice fish, 
one white & 1 black beaver & a silver fox. A q* of the 
fish is to go to my Lord Townshend at Raynham, with my 
letter, who loves it much, and if you shou'd n't be at 
London your uncle will take care of it. The other q fc is 
for your uncle. The white beaver is a great curiosity 
here ; make presents of the skins where you think proper. 
Press your uncle to hasten the leave to me for taking the 
£3000, for it's cruel hard to stay the whole year round, 
and I hope it will be got out to be here in Oct r . Since 

« See letter to the Duke of Argyle, ante, p. 196, aud letter to Jonathan Belcher, Jr., ante 
p. 203. — Eds. 



Lord Wilmington was so good as to promise it shou'd be 
dispatcht when it came again, I wish the leave might be 
general for the future, provided the grant be never less 
than £3000. This wou'd be (I think) more for the 
King's honour than to be alwayes repeating the leave ; 
it wou'd also be more safe & easy for me, as well as save 
me a great deal of application & money ; and M r Wilks 
wrote me formerly he thought it might be so obtain'd. 

Your grandmother & aunt are here upon a visset, & 
send you their kind love, as does your mother, brothers, 
& sister. 

You'll find some good things in your old master Le 
Mercier's History of Geneva,* and fine Rules of Life in 
the little French book M r Fanueil sends you. I am with 
as much affection as you can ask, my dear Son, 

Your loving father. J. B. 

Boston, July 18, 1733. 
tf White. 


Sir, — Your Honour's of 20 psent is now before me, 
and I shall for the future make as little mention as pos- 
sible of those restive gent m at Portsm , who I think have 
too long made themselves uneasy to little purpose. I 
must confess I choose to live in peace with all the world, 
if it may be practis'd with reason, justice, & honour ; 
and if this be a fault it is one of my whole life. 

As to your making a judgment on the success of my 
next coming when you might know what I propos'd, I 
have nothing more in view than the King's service in 
gen 11 , & the welfare of that Province under my care. I 
say I have no sinister or particular ends, nor favours to 
ask, nor court to make to the publick body or to private 

* It would seem from this letter that Jonathan Belcher, Jr., had been a pupil of Andrew 
Le Mercier, minister of the French Protestant Church in Boston. See Memorial History of 
Boston, vol. ii. pp. 255-258. — Eds. 


persons, but shall alwayes re Joyce to do every good thing 
to the people that may fall in my way, and have there- 
fore once & again wrote home earnestly for some peremp- 
tory directions about the Line betwixt this Province & 
N. Hampshire, and that I might have leave for an emis- 
sion of bills of credit in both my governm ts , a copy of one 
of these letters I left with Sec ry Waldron when last at 
Portsm , which he will shew you if you desire it. 

I am sorry for the affair that has happen' d at Derry. 
When I was at N. Hampshire the Assembly past a good 
& reasonable order for putting a stop to any process in 
the law against the borderers on the Line ; * and the 20 
of Apr 1 last I earnestly recommended to the Assembly 
here their making one of the same nature, which they 
refus'd to do, for the particulars whereof I refer you to 
the Journals of the Repr. For my part I am much prone 
to believe if some persons of too much influence in this 
House of Repr can maintain their wills they wou'd never 
have the Line settl'd, unless it might be after their un- 
reasonable manner of thinking, so that I know of no way 
to prevent such quarrels & difficulties as you now acquaint 
me with, but by urging at home that some method may 
be found there for adjusting this long controversy. I say 
I despair of it's ever being done here by the Provinces 
themselves. I am sorry your Honour gave the warrant 
you did ; it may perhaps (by those who are minded to 
make mischief) be thought something illegal & extra- 
judicial, for where people are under a civil (not a mili- 
tary) governm* they will alwayes insist to be proceeded 
with in the steps of the law. As this matter makes a 
noise here, I was told " That Coll 11 Dunbar had been at 

* The order here referred to is printed in "New Hampshire Provincial Papers," vol. iv. 
p. 641. It provided "that no action of Trespass or Ejectment be commenced from and 
after the first of May next, ag l any p'son Either for Trespass or Trying of Title on any of 
the aforesaid Lands in controversy between the Govermts until the lines between the 
Gover'""' are determined and settled, or till further orders. Provided nevertheless, that 
this vote shall not he in force unless the Goverm* of the Mass a pass a vote in substance 
like this, and to continue for the same time." — Eds. 




London Derry & in an arbitrary manner had seiz'd upon 
three poor men & sent 'em under an Irish guard arm'd 
with swords & staves to Portsm jail." Let a man's lott 
fall where it will, it is, I think, a point of wisdom to 
disappoint the ill nature of his adversaries (for every 
body will have some) by doing as few extraordinary 
things as possible. You say I know best what measures 
to take for preventing any further proceedings in this 
particular affair ; you know it is not in my power to 
dispense with the law. Altho' the King is lord & sov- 
ereign of all his subjects, yet he esteems it his honour to 
make the laws the rule of his government. I remember 
while I was at Whitehall my predecessor represented his 
fears that the contentions on the Line might end in blood- 
shed, & I have once & again done the same. The people 
now in prison at Portsm must be proceeded with legally, 
& I am really suspicious the people of Haverhill will trye 
at reprisals ; and as to the warm reception you mention, 
notwithstanding my fears, I hope in God there will be no 
extremities after all. I believe it will be no great pleas- 
ure, nor will it be any bravery, for the Kings' subjects to 
maim or murder one another, & the survivors to become 
examples of publick justice. 

As I know not when there may be an opportunity to 
send the commissions for the two Justices appointed at 
the eastward, if you think you can soon convey 'em they 
shall be sent you by the post, with a dedimus to Justice 
Denny, and my order at same time to M r Wheelwright, 
Sheriffe of the County of York,* to depute one or more 
undersheriffes, such as you may upon your honour name 
to him ; and as most of the people are natives of Ireland, 

* Samuel Wheelwright was appointed Sheriff of York, Dec. 15, 1732. (See " New- 
England Weekly Journal," Dec. 18, 1732.) The original Council Records of Massa- 
chusetts were burned many years ago, and his appointment is not in the copy of the 
contemporary transcript of them sent over to England and now in the Public Record 
Office ; but it is noted in Secretary Willard's original minutes, where the name is incor- 
rectly written Wheeler. — Eds. 


I shou'd think it best that the civil officers be such. I 
shall be sorry if the people withdraw, but that shall not 
lye upon me, for I now inclose you the result of a gen 1 
Council call'd almost on purpose on this matter which I 
shall send home ; and I will still make one more attempt 
with the Assembly, if you'll raise up another letter (in 
lieu of that destroy'd by the ink bottle) to be laid before 
them. As it will not be long before I may be at N. 
Hampshire, I choose to defer what I wou'd say upon the 
eastern country to that time. 

Since I see nor hear nothing from Cap* Temple, & that 
you suppose the letter you mention'd to Maj r Cosby is 
gone forward, I shall now answer, & as I wrote you, 
without reserve, those paragraphs of your letters that 
respect the power & perquisites of a Leiu* Gov r , and I 
will say nothing but what are my real sentiments. The 
power you have as Leiu* Gov r you will find in your comis- 
sion thus, "And further in case of the death or ab- 
sence of our Cap* Gen 11 & Gov r in Cheif in & over our said 
Province of N. Hampshire in N. England now & for the 
time being, we do hereby authorise & impower you to 
exercise & perform all & singular the powers & directions 
contain' d in our commission to our Cap* Gen 11 & Gov r in 
Chief, according to such instructions as are already sent 
or hereafter shall from time to time be sent unto him, or 
as you shall receive from us kfrom our said Cap 1 Gen 11 & 
Cheif Gov 1 ' of our said Province of N. Hampshire & for 
the time being." This points out your power, and I think 
is plainly confin'd to such instructions as you shall receive 
immediately from the King, or from his Cap* Gen u & 
Chief Gov 1 ", and this matter being settl'd does at once 
answer the other of perquisite, which I don't suppose 
any Leiu* Gov T can lay claim to, but by the Gov r ' 8 leave 
& order. 

The King in his commission to his Gov' sayes, " And 
we do hereby give & grant unto you the said Jonathan 




Belcher full power & authority, by & with the advice & 
consent of our said Council of N. Hampshire, to erect, 
raice, & build in our said province & plantations such & so 
many forts, &c a , and by the advice afores d the same again 
or any of them to demolish & dismantle as may be 
most convenient.'' And the clause immediately foregoing 
sayes, "And we do hereby give & grant unto you the 
said Jonathan Belcher by yourself, or by your captains & 
commanders by you to be authorized, full power & authority 
to levy, arm, muster, command and employ all persons 
whatsoever residing within our s d Province, &c a , & to do 
& execute all & every other thing & things which to any 
Gov r & Comander in Chief doth or ought of right to 
belong." These clauses plainly show the power a Gov r 
has of forts, & of appointing cap ts for them ; if a Leiu* 
Gov r has any power of them over & beyond what is dele- 
gated to him by his Gov r & Cap* Gen 11 it must appear by 
some special commission, nor can he by any means claim 
the command of a fort as a perquisite (in course by his 
office). A Gov r may erect & demolish forts at his pleas- 
ure, but how can he do it, if a Leiu* Gov r can command 
it without his leave, and has it inseparably (virtute officii) ? 
That wou'd indeed be to make the King's commission to 
his Gov r a cypher. What my late predecessor might say 
to yours is what you or I can by no means be sure of, 
unless we had heard it ; but allow it (I own M r Burnett 
to have been a gent m of reading & letters), yet I can by 
no means allow his administration a standard for mine, 
because I know he committed gross mistakes at N'. York, 
Massachusetts, & N. Hampshire. The late Leiu* Gov r , 
you say, had Gov r Shute's commission for the fort, and I 
assure you one of the first things he said to me was that 
he hop'd he shou'd have my favour to be continu'd in the 
fort. I told him he was so by my proclamation, and that 
I wou'd in a little time order him a commission, which T 
shou'd have done had he liv'd. As a Leiu* Gov r ' s comis- 


sion does not mention it, nor is he intitl'd to it by any 
law of the Province, I don't see how he can receive pay 
for it without the Gov r ' s commission. The Gov re of this 
Province have alwayes given the command of the castle 
to what friend they pleas'd ; and in the time of Gov r 
Dudley Coll 11 Winthrop commanded the castle by the 
Gov r ' s commission, & when Coll 11 Tailer arriv'd he desir'd 
the Gov r ' s comission for it, but the Gov r wou'd not do it, 
tho' he askt it as a favour, 'till Coll 11 Tailer procur'd my 
Lord Dartmouth's letter (then Sec 17 of State) to the Gov r , 
desiring he wou'd give the King's Leiu* Gov r a commis- 
sion for the castle, which he accordingly did, and so did 
I to Coll 11 Tailer, & have since to Coll 11 Phips. If it be a 
fort, tho' it have but two centinels or but one, yet it 
ought to be commanded by the King's comission, & no 
otherwise. Altho' I wou'd as a private gent m be upon a 
par with every gent m in point of civility, complaisance, 
& good manners, yet as the King's Gov r I dare not take 
freedoms with the power & honour his Majesty has re- 
pos'd in me ; and let M r Belcher as a private gent m 
be what he will, yet as the King has done him the honour 
of making him his Gov r & Commander in Cheif, I can see 
no dishonour to any gent m to ask & receive from him the 
King's comission, for such it really is. By what I have 
said you will plainly perceive that I can by no means 
declare the fort to be your right in any other manner 
than as I have stated it. The licenses for marriages, 
registers, certificates & passes I think are the principal 
perquisites at N. Hampshire, and by the law of the 
Province you will find all these literally & strictly the 
Gov r ' 8 ; and in this Province I know it to have been the 
practice of several of my predecessors when going to N. 
Hampshire to leave passes sufficient & sometimes blank 
registers 'till their return, that they might put everything 
into their own pocketts. Indeed, I alwayes thot it mean, 
& considering there is no provision made here or at N. 




Hamp for a Leiu* Gov r , I think a Gov r (in honour to the 
comission he bears) ought to let him enjoy all the per- 
quisites he fairly can ; nor do I, I assure you, desire to 
interfere with these things at N. Hamp. But as they 
are my right they must be enjoy'd under me. When I 
was at N. Hampshire in the late M r Wentworth's time, 
altho' I sign'd registers (& so since), yet I never meddl'd 
with that or any other of the fees, which I suppose (with 
the fort) may make about £200 a year. Notwithstand- 
ing all I have said, a Leiu fc Gov r ' s commission is not a 
cypher ; it is a mark of the King's favour & honorary, & 
delegates contingent power & profits too, as in case of the 
death or absence of the Gov r , and I am fully of opinion 
the Gov r ' s & Leiu 6 Gov r?s coihissions must be lookt on & 
consider' d in the light I have set 'em, nor can they other- 
wise consist with one another. If they are incompatible, 
& one of them, as you say, a cypher (tho' I see no neces- 
sity for it) which must it be ? The Gov r is authorized to 
command, the Leiu* Gov 3 " requir'd to obey, then where is 
the power? Your Honour will see I have taken some 
pains to answer your query, and to support my opinion 
with such reasons as I am master of ; and in answer to 
this I shall expect you to say what you desire of me, and 
shall be very sorry, if after my sincere inclinations to a 
hearty, good understanding, and that you might pass 
your time at N. Hampshire with ease & satisfaction, you 
shou'd lay me under any necessity of differing with you, 
which you may readily perceive by the tenour of my 
letter may be easily avoided. For I am content you 
shou'd enjoy what your predecessor did, in the same way 
& manner. 

As I have never been fond of being thought a man of 
chicanery, intrigue, or craft, so you will find this letter 
wrote with great frankness, and as you have desir'd no 
misconstruction may be put upon any thing you do, so I 
depend you will read what I now write with the same 



justice & candour, because I have industriously avoided 
to say any thing that may give you umbrage. 

I hope what I have said will bring things to an agree- 
able adjustment, and that I may for the future, with such 
a confidence, as I desire correspond with you in all the 
affairs of the government, without passing them thro' 
any other channel. 

You will please to forgive this tedious letter, which 
perhaps may serve to shorten others hereafter. I am 
truly, Sir, with much respect, 

Your Honour's most obedient & very humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, July 23, 1733. 



Sir, — I have yours of 16 & 20 psent T Fellows & the 
post. Nothing sure cou'd be more ridiculous than old 
Grub-Street's * falshood about the matter of the fort. 
The visset you made I think was well in all articles. 
Tho' there is nothing I wish more than a good settlement 
of the Line, yet that matter seems to be still at a great 

I am heartily sorry to hear of the indisposition you 
mention. I wish you & I cou'd alwayes enjoy the Gov r ' 8 
present firm health. What if you shou'd defer going to 
Casco 'till you hear again from me. Perhaps I may want 
you before the present treaty is brought to a conclusion, 
which I wish may be a good one for many reasons. 

The prosecution against Wright & Atkinson must be 
done with all the skill & care possible, and as I have 
often said, so you must tell the Sheriffes that they im- 
pannel good juries, for the enemy wou'd greatly exult at 
a baulk in the matter. The Leiu 4 Gov r writes me that 

* Suppose Wiggin. — Note by Rev. Dr. Btlknap. 


his late immediate predecessor had a commission for the 
fort from Gov r Shute, but no other Leiu* 6ov r that he 
finds. Really things have been strangely out of form & 
order in your Province. After all if he was bound to his 
long home, I cou'd wish him a good journey, nor shou'd I 
care how sudden it was.* I thank your answer to what 
I put in Postscript, and have today wrote a long letter 
on that head, the answer whereto may perhaps discover 
whether things may continue tolerably easy. When, think 
you, may be the best juncture for the new choice? I 
have told him in two letters that I have thoughts of being 
at Portsm in Sept r which may cause speculation. Pray 
let me know the upshot of the squire's commitment of his 
rioters. I am alwayes, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, July 23, 1733. 

If he desires, let the Leiu* Gov r read my letter left 
with you about the Line. 


Sir, — I hope you had mine of 18 ult 1 , since which I 
have reed ¥> pretty Miss Harrison your favour of 30 same 
month. I assure you, Sir, you have done M r8 Belcher & 
me a particular pleasure in bringing to our knowledge & 
acquaintance so fine a young lady as your daughter, 
whose mind, person & good education reflect a lustre on 
her worthy parents. She has reed no civility from us 
equal to her merit; but you & your lady may depend 
upon all the respect we can show her. 

Mons r LeMortray does me too much honour, and when 
I have the satisfaction of seeing him again I'll scold at 
him for it, and endeavour to express the just esteem I 

* Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar did hot die until long after this letter was written. — Eds. 


have for him in all the proper waves I can. No man can 
exceed me in the love of my country's liberty, and why 
can we not enjoye it, & at same time behave with great 
respect & duty to the Crown, & with a becoming regard 
to the mother country ? Methinks they are things very 
compatible, but straining too hard upon a string snaps it. 
Perhaps some of our popular politicians may too soon find 
they have gone too far, for we are narrowly watcht at 
home. When we receive the votes of the House of Com- 
mons, I believe they may serve a little while for a bridle. 
Let things be as they will, I am determin'd to conduct 
myself by an invariable fidelity to my royal master & by 
the best love to my country ; & these things I am sure 
may very well coincide. I remain, S r , 

Y r friend & most humble serv*. J. B. 

Boston, July 23, 1733. 

M r Fletcher has your packett. 


My dear Son, — I desire to be thankfull that I have 
no need to urge you to diligence in your studies, and God 
sparing your life, I hope you will be no dishonour to me 
nor to yourself ; and altho' it be lawfull, nay it is a duty 
to be prospecting & aiming at the best line & character in 
life, yet we know we come into this world only to act a 
probation part for eternity. The highest attainments in 
knowledge, riches, & honour can never render a man 
compleatly easy; no, he will alwayes find some craving 
that argues an immortal part within him, and that he is 
a creature never to be perfectly happy but in the blessed 
God. Recollecting that you are this day enter'd into 
your 24 th year, I am inclin'd to give you some of the sen- 
timents & breathings of my soul ; and Oh that God wou'd 


inspire me with grace & wisdom to speak to you a word 
in season, then shall my speech distill as the dew, as the 
small rain upon the tender herb. While in the providence 
of God you are oblig'd to be at so great a distance & in a 
city where you are surrounded with ten thousand dangers, 
and those still multiplied in the very spot of your resi- 
dence, let this thought keep you alwayes upon your 
guard, and bow your knees with mine to the God of all 
grace & mercy to save you from the snares & pollutions 
of a deluding Devil & an alluring world. Remember you 
are alwayes in the presence of the omniscient God ; your 
heart must therefore be upright before him. What sayes 
the weeping prophet when speaking of the sin of Judah ? 
The heart is deceitfull above all things & desperately 
wicked, who can know it ? And the answer is, — I, the 
Lord, search the heart ; I trye the reins. And thus 
Elihu expostulates with holy Job : His eyes are upon the 
wayes of man, & He seeth all his goings. There is no 
darkness nor shadow of death where the workers of ini- 
quity may hide themselves. 

My dear Son, you have been born & bred where you 
have enjoy'd the clearest revelation of the will of God, 
and the fullest discoveries of His rich mercy in Christ 
Jesus ; and this is an excellent basis whereon to build the 
future conduct of your life. I speak to you as not with- 
out hope, because I believe there is to be found in you 
some good thing toward the God of Israel. You have 
made an open profession that Jesus Christ shou'd be your 
God & your Lord, & that you wou'd serve him forever. 
Think then with fear & trembling on those words : And 
Jesus said unto him, — No man having put his hand to 
the plough & looking back is fit for the Kingdom of 
Heaven. And how does the great Apostle of the Gentiles 
urge his believing Hebrews to hold fast the profession of 
their faith ? For if we sin willfully, after that we have 


received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no 
more sacrifice for sin ; but a certain fearf ull looking for 
of judgment. And again : If any man draw back, my 
soul shall have no pleasure in him. Hold fast then your 
integrity, & let no man take your crown. In all compa- 
nies & at all times let your deportment be such as that 
the world may see you are neither asham'd nor afraid to 
own that you have listed yourself under the great Captain 
of your salvation ; and I wou'd press it as an excellent 
means to keep up in you the life of religion, that you 
hold communion with God in secret prayer morning & 
evening. It was part of our Saviour's inimitable Sermon 
in the Mount, — Enter into thy closet, & when thou hast 
shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret, & 
thy Father which sesth in secret shall reward thee openly. 
As much as you possibly can, keep a conscience void of 
offence towards God & man. I say, keep it tender. A 
bruised reed shall he not break, & the smoaking flax shall 
he not quench. Read the Holy Scriptures constantly 
with humble ejaculations to the God of the spirits of all 
flesh, that you may thereby become instructed unto the 
Kingdom of Heaven. For they are able to make you 
wise to salvation thro' faith which is in Christ Jesus. 
Altho' I am desirous that you may in due time be fixt in 
plentifull & reputable circumstances in this life, yet I am 
infinitely more sollicitous that you may so live as to dye 
the death of the righteous, and that your last end may be 
like his. For, what is your life ? it is even a vapour 
which appeareth for a little time & then vanisheth away. 
What a madness is it then to make it our principal care 
how we shall eat & drink, & wherewithall we shall be 
cloath'd, or that our highest aim shou'd be after the 
perishing riches, honours, & pleasures of this transitory 
life. For cou'd we mount the summit of 'em all, they 
will by no means avail or stand us in any stead when 


the King of Terrours shall summon us to pass thro' the 
gloomy shade of the Valley of Death. Let us constantly 
bear in mind that it is appointed unto men once to dye, 
but after this the judgment. And what shall it profit 
a man to gain the whole world & lose his own soul? 
Therefore all our pursuits here must be with a pure aim 
at the glory of God, & so as may best subserve to our 
eternal happiness in the coining world. 

Dear Jonathan, as the sunflower is ever turning to that 
glorious lamp, so let your soul be to the sun of righteous- 
ness, & he will arise upon you with healing in his wings. 
As the stung Israelites by looking up to the brazen serpent 
found an infallible cure, so shall we, when with true faith 
& repentance, we look unto Jesus, the great antitype, be 
made every whit whole, & eternally so. God having so 
far honour'd me as to make me in a degree the authour 
of your being in this world, I have thought it my indis- 
pensable duty (tho' in a feeble manner) thus to express 
my sollicitude for you, which perhaps may in some 
measure serve for your conduct in life when these eyes of 
mine shall be clos'd by death ; yet while God spares my 
life, my Son, if thy heart be wise, my heart shall rejoyce, 
even mine, yea, my reins shall rejoyce when thy lips 
speak right things. Hear therefore my Son, and be wise 
& guide thy heart in the way. Hearken to thy father 
that begat thee, buy the truth & sell it not, also wisdom 
& instruction & understanding. The father of the right- 
eous shall greatly rejoyce, and he that begetteth a wise 
child shall have joy of him. Thy father & thy mother 
shall be glad, & she that bare thee shall rejoyce. 

My dear child, I desire no other return from you for 
all my care, pains, & cost than that you wou'd be wise 
for yourself. And now in the arms of my faith and 
prayer I humbly commit you to him that is able to keep 
you from falling, & to present you faultless before the 
presence of his glory with exceeding joy. To the only 


wise God, our Saviour, be glory & majesty, dominion & 
power, both now & ever. Amen. I am 

Your tenderly affectionate father. J. B. 

Read this birth-day letter now & then, at your earliest 
rising hours. 

Boston, July 23, 1733. 
tf Cap 1 Bennet. 


My good Friends, — Cap* Sanders has brought me 
your handsome letter of 14 of this month, in which I have 
great pleasure at the news of your health & welfare, and 
take a very particular notice of your honesty & justice in 
the beaver you have now sent f> Sanders in part of resti- 
tution for the cattle formerly kill'd by your young men, 
and that you intend in the fall to make full restitution. 
I shall in the mean time do what is proper on my part 
that you may have a sutable place to lodge in when you 
come to trade, and that your armourer may have some 
tools sent him that he may do the service he is sent about. 
I have given charge to Cap 4 Giles & to M r Wheelwright 
(the new truckmaster) * that rum be given to your people 
very sparingly, and I am glad you are sensible how 
ruinous & destructive it is to you. I thank you for in- 
forming me what you had from a trading vessel, which I 
believe was a great lye rais'd by themselves; for the 
whole government are much pleas' d with the conference I 
had with you at Falmouth, and will alwayes be glad to 
continue the good peace & friendship that is now subsist- 
ing between us. I salute you & your whole tribe with a 
heart full of sincere respect, & remain 

Your loving friend, J. B. 

Boston, July 28, 1733. 

$ Sanders. ^____ 

* From the "New-England Weekly Journal" of June 11, 1733, it appears that the 
name of the truckmaster was Samuel Wainwright. See also letter to Capt. Giles, post, 
p. 506. — Eds. 

1733.] TO DAYID DUNBAR. 345 


Hono ble Sir, — This post brings me your favours of 
24 & 27 ins* ; and I take a particular notice of all you 
say respecting Cap* Husk, who is Deputy Collector & 
Naval Officer of N. Hampshire, and whom I have alwayes 
lookt upon to be a very good officer. But if he neglects 
his duty he will find no countenance of mine to support 
him. As to the affair your Honour mentions, I assure 
you he gives it me in a very different light, and tells me 
M r Jeffries & M r Rindge have now vessels loading with 
the same sorts as those were which you complain of, & no 
notice is taken. Cap* Husk positively denies his offering 
you any contempt & sayes, " Since his Honour's arrival 
there have been but three vessels clear'd out & none in. 
The masters of each before I wou'd grant them a clear- 
ance sent them to the Leiu* Gov r , as I can prove." When 
I am to set in judgment upon M r Husk, or any other officer 
that may be suppos'd to fail in his duty, I must have a 
complaint in form & fairly supported, with which the 
officer must also be serv'd, with a copy to make answer. 
This, I believe, you'll allow is but a peice of common 
justice due to all the King's officers, whom I am bound to 
protect, or discountenance, as I shall find them behave in 
the execution of their offices ; and I shall take the utmost 
care in my power that there be a strict observance of all 
the Acts of Trade. I now write Cap* Husk, if he has 
shown you any disrespect, or what you might reasonably 
take as such, that he waits on you & sets things in a true 
light. As it is a pleasure to me to treat mankind of all 
ranks with good manners, so I will support no person 
under me in practising otherwise. 

I am sorry what I wrote respecting the power & per- 
quisite of the Leiu* G-ov r does not coincide with your way 
of thinking. Were I capable of referring so nice a dispute 
as one respecting the King's authority to private persons, 
the meaning of the words you mention wou'd not be all 



the affair. But as I dare not do that, and you are soon 
expecting the issue from home, I am very willing to grant 
your present desire, and have accordingly order'd the 
Sec ry to make out a comission for you to superseed ColP 
Walton's command of the Fort William & Mary, which 
he'll send me f> the post, & I shall sign & inclose to you. 
And I now direct the Naval Officer to use no more of my 
passes, but to come to your Honour for a set of blanks, 
sign'd by you, to be fill'd up as there may be occasion ; 
and as to all the other perquisites you are heartily welcome 
to them. You may, when you please, see the letter I 
mention'd, referring to the Line, & a liberty for emitting 
bills. I find by my Copy Book it bore date 13 Janu a , and 
went T Cap* Follers & a duplicate T Cowley, to London, & 
was deliver'd to the Lords of Trade 20 Feb r last, and I am 
daily expecting an answer thereto. It will give no person 
in N. Hampshire more pleasure to hear of a good settle- 
ment of the Line than it will me, for I think that 
Province has been unreasonably treated. 

It is unkind & base for any to make ill natur'd distinc- 
tions between the King's subjects. For my part I am 
determin'd to treat his Majesty's subjects of all nations & 
denominations with equal justice, friendship & candour. 
If all be true that has been said from time to time since 
your being absent from your Survey in N. Hamp, it may 
be high time to make a thorough enquiry into your own 
deputies. As Judge Auchmuty & M r Advocate Shirley 
write you this post, & intend to be next week at Portsm , 
I shall refer you to them, respecting the N. Hampshire 
officers of Admiralty, and will only say of M r Gambling, 
that I don't suppose any gent m in N. Hampshire exceeds 
him for good sense & knowledge. 

I have just now deliver'd M r Rutherford a packet with 
the two Justices' coiiiissions, a set of oaths, & a dedimus 
to Justice Denny, of which he has promist the needfull 
care. As all sheriffes give security for their fidelity, I 
suppose they take the same of their deputies, which I am 




afraid will make some difficulty in the appointment at 
Pemaquid. However, you will read & forward the inclos'd 
to M r Sheriffe Wheelwright. 

Notwithstanding what I sent you, I have some thoughts 
of sending an officer with a Cap*' 8 commission to take care 
of Frederick's Fort 'till the Assembly meets. As your let- 
ter will be laid before them, you will write it with your 
usual dexterity to reach the best success. Coll 11 Spotswood 
having occasion to write me last fall upon the affair of 
the post office, he mention'd the matter of Gov r ' s paying 
postage, and in my reply I told him I wou'd not do it, 
nor did I think he had power to demand it, and that he 
was (I believ'd) the only Postmaster Gen 11 that ever had 
done it. I know very well I cou'd have the King's war- 
rant for writing to the D. of N. Castle, but I don't think 
it worth while to give myself that trouble & charge. I 
believe the act of Parliament is very strict against carriers 
or travellers taking the charge of letters. 

You say Cap* Husk's affair will appear very black upon 
examination. If he has broke any act of Parliament, he 
must be content to suffer the penalty. The meaning of 
the words An Accompt of his Disbursements was, the ace" 
of M r Agent Wilks's expence of the Province's money, 
which he inclos'd in the letter there mention'd to the 

I shall be very glad to see you at Boston when it may 
sute your conveniency, and intend all things for the future 
respecting the Province of N. Hampshire thro' your hands 
as his Majesty's Leiu* Gov r , and shall alwayes freely do 
you any acceptable service, being, Sir, 

Your Honour's most obedient, humble servant. 

J. B. 

You need not apologize about the word freedom, for I 
am not at all dispos'd to put ill senses on your stile or 

Boston, July 30, 1733. 



Hono ble Sir, — I have your favours of 23 & 27 July ¥> 
M r Fellows & the post. As to the new candidates, you 
mention'd them to me 2 months agoe ; with a certain 
Irish Lord, & who not, I am alwayes at his Majesty's 
devotion. Perhaps time may discover of this, as of many 
other things. But the plague of Israel * wou'd be glad of 
him, whom he has so long serv'd, rather than of the 

Judge Auchmuty will be at Portsm next Monday, and 
you must all assist what you can in the cases vs. Wright 
& Atkinson, to gain the desir'd success. Perhaps Atkin- 
son will be for appealing to the Gov r & Council ; but I 
think it won't lye. There may be a snare in that, and 
it's doubtless with the Superiour Court to allow it or not. 

His Honour, having f> this post desir'd of me that he 
may hold what advantages his predecessors have done, & 
on the same terms, I now write him, that I have directed 
you to make a comission to superseed ColP Walton's for 
the fort, which I wou'd have you do according to the 
tenour of the inclos'd. Do you countersign it, & send it 
to me for signing & sealing that he may have it the next 

I have for some time had the same thoughts about an 
Assembly, and to keep on an amusement. 

I wish you cou'd procure me one of the copper cutts 
you mention. It wou'd heartily rejoyce me to hear the 
Line was settl'd. A generous (nay a lavish) expence is 
good for the people. 

Cargil was recommended to me by Parson Toppan as 
the most capable at Pemaquid, and North by Coll 11 Dunbar 
as the most religious. 

Husk must be supported & comforted. He's a clever 
fellow, but he must keep within the bounds of good 

* Atkinson. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

1733.] TO ELLIS HUSKE. 349 

manners. Pax hello potior is a maxim I am fond of, and 
I hope things will continue quiet ; but if I am forc'd to 
beat up to arms I must be content. I am truly, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Say nothing of the contents of this letter 'till you hear 
further from me. 
Boston, July 30, 1733. 


Sir, — I have yours f> the post of 27 cur". Upon a 
letter I have reed from the Leiu fc Gov r this post it is my 
order that you give out no more of my passes at present, 
but that you wait on him with a sett of blanks to sign, 
to be fill'd up as occasion requires. 

He writes me a letter of complaint against you, to 
which I have answer'd, if he has any thing to say against 
you, or any other officer, he must make his complaint in 
form, & vouch it well, & serve the adverse party with a 
copy to make answer, and then I may be able to make a 
judgment, and not before ; and that you aver in your 
letter the very contrary of what's in his. However, I 
caution you as a friend not to put yourself into his power, 
but to be content with the honest perquisites of your 
offices, and to be a carefull observer of all Acts of Trade ; 
and I hope you will be able to clear yourself of what he 
now accuses you of. For your best friends (were they 
inclin'd) can't support you in any illegal act ; nor wou'd 
I have you write as you inclose, but treat the Leiu* Gov r 
with all respect & good manners. There is now a Sur- 
veyor Gen 11 on the spot, under whose immediate orders & 
directions you are, nor can you show any books or ac- 
counts but by his leave, which I don't suppose he will 
|ever grant. 

If he ailed ges any thing against you, it is enough to 
jay you must be proceeded against in the law, which is 


the right of all Englishmen. Such answer I wou'd put in 
good language, & wou'd make no other. 

As to registers, the Sec 17 fills them, and the owner 
comes with them, and I administer the oath to him, and 
then he goes & swears before the Collector. This has 
alwayes been the manner here. The Surveyor Gen 11 is 
now with me, and I have re'd his letter to you, which 
tho' smart need not give you any pain. If nothing can 
be prov'd that's alledg'd all will be well. I am, Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, July 30, 1733. 



Hono ble Sir, — T am favour'd with yours y the carrier 
& post, and heartily hope M r Gambling will attend the 
Superiour Court, but least he shou'd not, I send the Leiu* 
Gov r by Judge Auchmuty the special commission fill'd 
up with D r Sergent & Leiu* Coll 11 Jo., and sign'd by me, 
of which I also write the Chief Judge. I have chose 
to send the commission to the Leiu* Gov r that he may 
see I will allow no officer but of my appointment, and 
what then will his being as you say (Chief) signifye, and 
at a time when there's not a shilling in the Treasury? 
and which I think at present happens well. 

Notwithstanding what you say I am pleas'd with 
what my friends have done, and that he neglects 'em ; 
for altho' you might have vertue enough to withstand 
his lures, others might not. 

I have sign'd the Leiu fc Gov r ' 8 commission for the fort, 
& send it him by the bearer. The strain of all his letters 
are with respect & good manners. 

As to any nice metaphysical distinctions about the 
word absence, he knows formerly, & now upon his return, 
that I'll hear nothing of 'em. But he shall alwayes know 
I am his Gov r & Commander in Cheif; nor shall any 




thing less than the King's sign manual & royal signet 
make an alteration, and which I think will never be 
obtain' d. But really, Sir, to do the Leiu fc Gov r justice 
I have no fault to find at present, & he seems to be as 
desirous of a friendly good understanding as I can be. 

I am not at all fond of seeing the draft you mention. 
If the Line shou'd be got thorro & at Bindge's expence, 
the clan may well own him for their hero, and the whole 
Province will be much oblig'd to him. But I am still 
an unbeliever. 

This you'll receive by Judge Auchmuty, who comes by 
my desire to assist in the cases vs. Atkinson & Wright. 
As I am sure he is firmly attacht to the Gov r , I doubt 
not but you, Coll 11 H. & J. Sherburne, Gambling, Husk, 
Russel & all my friends will pay him respect & compli- 
ment, and in the character of his Majesty's Judge of 
Admiralty (not as an attorney), and any respect my 
friends show him I shall take very kindly, and so to M r 
Shirley, to the Surveyor Gen 11 & to M r Lambert, who will 
all be with you in a day or two. I know the enemy will 
pay 'em much ceremony, & they often carry their points 
in such easy wayes. What I write on this head is to all 
my friends, & I desire you to let 'em know so. Assist 
what you can y* we may succeed in Atkinson's affair. I 
am, Sir, 

Y r assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Aug 8t 6, 1733. 
$ M r Auchmuty. 


Sir, — I have the pleasure of yours of 2 cur" w the 
post. As you will receive this f> the hands of M r Auch- 
muty, Judge of his Majesty's Court of Admiralty, and 
that the Advocate Gen 11 , with the Surveyor Gen 11 of the 
Customs are following, if the Collector has done any thing 
inconsistent with his duty, they have all promist me to 

352 THE BELCHER PAPERS. t 1733 ' 

12 H *te the two ships I -* - If *" d 

r ™ +V,p fpars of war with Sallee. 

*? :°j?„ir; i option » «. ». -• -» 
r^^^-V;v; e kr totee " 

very delinquent in thexr duty to the King. 

I m ake you no compliment when I say, y 

letter in your wonted --^/^re the Assembly, who 
n0 r shall I be afeud, to lay ^fa^ttoj * l 

you must remember sit the next week tm 
Lve finally determined to let the rita of th * gince 

^o^t^ooa temper. Be were fro m 

Seach o/wbat is called the ^t OfficeAc • 

I am oblidgd for your advice n P crp *> ^^ 
knew the F— — J tf ^hermay be no stop to 
^Vt^pSur Court by Moling, ness, 
or otherwise, I inclose you a comimssmn for two bp 

m3 ' ] TO EICHAKD WALDEON. 35 3 

Justices if there shou'd be occasion, which you'll please 
to order to be sworn, and the commission to be delivered 
to them. I remain with much respect, Sir 

Your Honour's most obedient, humble servant. 

Boston, Aug" 6, 1733. "■ B- 

*>M' Auchmuty. 


Sir, -By the post I have your favour of 10 ©sent 
As to the cases vs. Wright & Atkinson, I have done m y 
duty to the Kmg, and if justice cannot be had it does not 
lye a my door If the event comes out as you expect 
it wzll be best for the Attorney General to review afthe 
next Supenour Court. The Leiu' Gov' thanks me , this 

let t, h ?/r miSSi ° n f ° r the fOTt ' and — ^ his 
G mbZt n ? V ° ld ^ fUt " re dlSpUte - l ******* 
him and°T ,T ^ "^ *"*> *"** S°° d ter ™ with 

letTe^f re T al V ISh y ° U WaS t0a Cou ' d 3™ «» my 
lette s from London rec'd yesterday (of 28 June), you'd 

find there s no hope of an alteration but by his re gning 

great Lord Coke's device, Prudens qui pattens. 

I will endeavour to see Gideon Walker, but it's 10 to 1 
whether I may seasonably. 

be'obtinttn/tr""" 8 ^^ 6 "^ mandamusS wi]1 »<* 
he obtain d till the suspended ones take place 

Suppose you shou'd take Mad" Waldron in a chaise (by 

W wthv USement) ° n " ViSS6t t0 ?° ur sisterat Haver^ 
hill with your servant o' horseback, on which you might 

mornnig Zl ^ * " *"** & ^ ^ the next 

can write tf w T Say m ° re in half an hour t^ I 

for Mon " tot 1 * *"'?* ***** pr ° P ° Se some «*W 
or Mons total removal. This interview I suggest for 
he ea of your mind; which gg 




I have a great respect for all my friends, who will 
constantly find the expressions of it in every thing within 
my power, & without flattery I place you in the first 
rank of 'em as a gent m the most capable of the service 
of your King & country ; and there is nothing that I 
wou'd not do that I reasonably cou'd to contribute to 
your profit, honour, & ease. With such a respect, I 
remain, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

ColP Sherburne is a letter indebted to me, so I don't 

write him by this post, but I wou'd have him tell the 

excisemaster my £300 will be due 25 cur u , and that I 

expect he will not fail to have it ready. He may also let 

him know the Gov r ' 8 favour in suspending the prosecution 

of his Mediterranean bond. 

Boston, Augs* 13, 1733. 


Hono ble Sir, — Judge Auchmuty has brought me both 
} 7 our favours of 10 ins*. That to the General Court is 
well adapted to its intended service, (unless the last 
clause of paying any expence shou'd give umbrage or 
uneasiness). Yet I assure you I gather but little hopes 
of success, or that the steps taken for a good settlement 
there will find encouragment or protection from this 
Assembly. Nothing shall be wanting on my part with 
them, and upon failing I shall be ready to concert with 
you such measures as may have a reasonable tendency to 
preserve the fort & to keep the people 'till his Majesty's 
pleasure can be known upon the Assembly's refusal (if 
such shou'd be) to do their duty in an article so much for 
his Majesty's honour & interest, as well as for their own 
good & service. 

1733. J TO DAVID DUNBAR. 355 

Coll 11 Walton writes me he was ready to wait on your 
Honour & to execute the order I had given him respecting 
the Fort William & Mary. 

I am glad Judge Auchmuty did himself so much honour 
in his exact duty to the King. I hope by your care, and 
the assistance of his Majesty's Court of Admiralty, the 
royal woods will be better protected for the future from 
the spoils & pillagings of vagrants who at certain sea- 
sons seem to make it the business of their lives. I shall 
upon all occasions do what may be proper on my part to 
corroborate the King's officers in the execution of their 
duty. i 

By the first ship from hence I will apply to the Secre- 
tary of State for the King's warrant about the postage of 
my letters. If Coll 11 Spotswood has made a hard bargain 
with the Post Office at London, I think it extraordinary 
for him to imagine letters for the King's service must (in 
an unprecedented manner) be tax'd for his ease. I fancy 
when he was in command at Virginia he wou'd have 
thought it hard to have been so practis'd upon. 

I am not able to form a judgment on the instruction to 
the late M r Usher 'till you send me a copy of the commis- 
sion he had at that time, which you may doubtless have 
from the gent m that furnish t you with the instruction ; and 
as you say you will have no new dispute, I shall be ready 
in all reasonable wayes to contribute to your ease, being 
with much respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Augs* 13, 1733. 

If you wou'd let me understand by blank names those 
Tsons whom you suppose acting a double part, it might 
put me upon my guard.* 


* The postscript is written in the margin, and apparently is in Belcher's own hand- 
writing. — Eds. 

356 THE BELCnER PAPERS. [1733. 


Dear Sir, — Fellows & the post have brought me your 
favours of 13 & 17 ins*, which give me the event of the 
two suits commenc'd in behalf of the King. Gideon 
Walker was with me Saturday last from Phil a ; and upon 
my questioning him about the Mediterranean pass he 
afiirm'd once & again that he never had any pass in pos- 
session since his being in his present vessel. Indeed, I 
expected no other answer ; no doubt he & his owners will 
lye & swear to it, rather than come under the lash of the 
law. The affair of Atkinson must be review'd. 

Doubtless the Leiu* Gov r & Presid* are able to let the 
world know by what authority the fort is now reed & 
held ; but lying is so common that it's hardly worth while 
to put 'em out of their course. 

We have reed from Agent Wilks a copy of Rindge's 
petition, the draught of the river, & the complaints (I 
think) of 8 N. Hampshire towns to the Lords of Trade 
about the Line ; so that their agent & the clan have really 
taken great pains. And this Assembly is notify'd to 
answer by Nov r next why the King shou'd not make his 
declaration of what is & shall be the boundaries between 
the Provinces ; and it really looks to me very probable to 
come to a settlement, and which I heartily wish, for 
really the Massachusetts have treated your people in a 
barbarous manner. 

Perhaps the King's Order in Council in answer to the 
address from hence may still add weight to the resolution 
& order of the House of Commons. If I am not mistaken 
things will come to rights here in a little time. I can't 
yet guess how long I may hold the present session, but 
think it won't be many dayes. The superscription runs — 
To the Cap 1 Gen 11 & Chief Gov r of New Hampshire. I 
know no way to prevent the suspended mandamus 9 taking 
place in a little time. If you have so much uneasiness 




from the wickedness of the sons of Belial, and are so 
much tir'd with the growth of their master's kingdom, 
what think you must the Gov r be, at whom you say 
7-8 ths of their malice is levell'd. Mais courage mon ami. 
Truth is eternal & will finally triumph over the Father of 
Lyes & all his children. I am very fond of the fine device 
of the great Prince of Orange, Scevis tranquillus in undis. 

I find Gambling & Husk are but in slender terms. The 
copy of the late Leiu* Gov r Usher's commission he has 
sent me, with a long letter on several heads. 

If your health & leisure allow, a short trip hither 
wou'd open to you all my advices from home, and per- 
haps be of service to the Gov r ' s & your future conduct. 
With my compliments to Mad m Waldron, I alwayes am, 

Hono ble Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Augs* 20, 1733. 



Hono ble Sir, — I did in due time receive your kind 
letter of the 9 June. The long acquaintance I have had 
with ColF Chandler, his readiness to my service, & his 
good care in the education of his children to fit them for 
the service of their King & of their country, have natu- 
rally inclin'd me (as God has put it in my power) to do 
good to you & to your family. 

I observe with pleasure your concern for my ease in 
the government. I assure you, Sir, I can with great 
chearfullness appeal to Him whom I adore, & say I have 
no sinister aims or views in the station where He has 
plac'd me, but am uprightly desirous to serve my genera- 
tion according to the will of God ; and I hope to be 

* Col. John Chandler, of Worcester. He was born in Woodstock, Conn., and removed 
to Worcester in mature life. On the organization of the county he was made Chief Justice 
of the Court of Pleas and Judge of Probate. He was also colonel of the regiment. — Eds. 


alwayes able to say to the people under my care, Whose 
ox have I taken ? or whose ass have I taken ? or whom 
have I defrauded ? whom have I oppressed, or of whose 
hand have I received any bribe ? How does the Psalmist 
deprecate to be among the number of such workers of 
iniquity ? Gather not my soul with sinners. Their right 
hand is full of bribes. And what sayes the great & wise 
King of Israel ? The integrity of the upright shall guide 
them, and they wash their hands in innocency. I will, 
therefore, by the help of God endeavour that my heart 
shall not reproach me so long as I live. 

I am well pleas'd with your son Coll 11 Chandler's con- 
duct in the General Court ; he seems to have a just sense 
of his duty to the King, as well as a true love to his 
country, and gent m that are in such a way of thinking 
will want no favour or incouragment in the Gov rs power. 
But your family will be alwayes welcome to my respect. 
And I wish you, Sir, a great deal of pleasure & comfort 
in your advancing years. I hope God will revive & con- 
firm your health, and still continue you to bring honour 
to his name & good to his people, which will redound to 
the peace & satisfaction of your own soul, and when God 
in his sovereign wisdom shall shut up the dayes of the 
years of your pilgrimage, may it be in a full age, like as 
a shock of corn cometh in in his season, and being found 
in the way of righteousness, your hoary head shall be to 
you a crown of glory. Altho', Sir, I am not yet arriv'd 
to your age, yet I find myself in the wane of life. My 
dayes are swifter than a weaver's shuttle. My prayer 
therefore to the God of my life & the length of my dayes 
is, that the uncertain remainder of my life may be im- 
ploy'd with double diligence for the glory of God & the 
best good of mankind, and of dear New England in 

I shou'd have wrote you before, but you know the 
governm 4 is upon my shoulders, and the publick affairs 


have been of late multiply'd on my hands. I remain, 
with kind regards to good Mad m Chandler, Sir, 

Your assured friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Augst 27, 1733. 
$ M r Dickenson. 


Hono ble Sir, — I observe by yours of 24 cur" that M r 
Sec ry Waldron was gone to Casco. And that you wou'd 
(on his return) advise about some more Special Judges 
for your Court. 

The Leiu* Gov r complains to me of great insults & 
abuses he had met with when upon his duty as Surveyor 
of the Woods. I presume it may be the same affair which 
you mention. I shall be sorry it comes out as he repre- 
sents it. As no gent m is to be treated with rudeness & ill 
manners, it is much more criminal to one bearing the 
King's commission of Leiu* Gov r & Surveyor Gen 11 of the 
King's Woods, and every gent m in the governm fc must 
exert himself to bring the authors to condign punishment. 
As to the Leiutenancy, you was the first gent m I mention'd 
to the King's ministers on the death of the late Leiu fc 
Gov r . But the present gent m obtain' d the commission, in 
•which our friends not being easy, upon M r Reynolds's 
going home I then recommended him, and soon found he 
was not like to succeed. I therefore earnestly wrote again 
in your favour. This is the exact state & truth of the 
matter, and if any other representation is made I must 
take the freedom to say it is false. And I do uprightly 
assure you no person wou'd be more acceptable to me 
than yourself, to whom & to your family, I shou'd be glad 
to render any friendship or service. I thank you that 
you will take care to send me my half year's salary, 
which was due on Saturday last. I am, Sir, 

Y r ready friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Augst 27, 1733. 



Sir, — I have lying before me your Honour's favours 
of 17, & two of 24 psent, came by the post & M r Grely. 
I observe you had been at Fort William & Mary, and took 
the ace 4 of the old stores. You will remember it will be 
necessary you take the oaths & have it noted on your 

I have talkt with Judge Auchmuty about his deputy at 
Portsmouth. In answer, he says the Court dropt by your 
own forgetfullness. I assure you, Sir, it is nothing more 
to me who is the Judge's deputy, than that for the King's 
honour & service I wou'd have the best man, and upon 
the late Judge's frequent complaints to me of his former 
deputy, I told him I thought M r Gambling as capable as 
any gent m in the Province, & so I think still ; but if his 
health will not allow, that is a consideration the Judge 
must weigh. As to doubling the costs, I really think 
they ought to be treble. The law of N. Hampsh r is 
different from that of this Province which wou'd not have 
affected Judge Byfield, had he strictly conform'd himself 
to the Act of Parliament. No ! he had then defeated the 
malice of those miscreants that were in the bottom of that 

I have, Sir, talkt with several of the officers of the 
Admiralty here, who still complain for want of their just 
due from your deputies, which if you wou'd oblige them 
to be cur" in paying, I believe the Admiralty Court wou'd 
be more alert in prosecutions. 

I take notice you have (with your deputies) seiz'd near 
3000 logs since the last condemnation, but that you had 
been insulted with scurrilous language in the execution of 
your duty, of which I have wrote to Coll 11 Sherburne (as 
one of his Majesty's Council), and that I expect every" 
gent m in the government does his duty to support the 
honour of the King's authority ; yet I shou'd think it best 



to avoid beating & blowing, but to punish such rudeness 
by way of the pocket for contempt, &c a . 

I have just now talkt with M r Grely, who does not in- 
cline to accept of a deputation from the Marshal of the 
Admiralty ; if he wou'd I cou'd easily get it for him. 

I see you had reed mine of 17 July by Pahcombowarit 
and nine more Indians, that you wou'd summon a Council 
& give me the result which is very well. 

M r Sec ry Waldron writes me he had sent you copies of 
the late Leiu* Gov r Usher's commission ; my letter of 13 
Janu a to the Lords of Trade, about the Line &c a ; my 
order forbidding the swearing M r Atkinson & Wentworth. 
The latter I sent to the Lords of Trade more than 6 
months agoe. And my letter may serve to show you 
how vilely I have been bely'd by some who go under the 
denomination of your friends. But what alwayes makes 
me easy is, that truth is eternal & will be finally 

M r Shirley has been with me about the grant made by 
this Assembly on Saco River in the year 1718, upon which 
I have discourst him, and because he writes you on it 
very particularly, it may save me what wou'd be repeti- 
tion. I will only say that I interpos'd so far as to prevent 
any thing that might be a revocation of that grant, and 
put the vote into the terms you find it, and shall still be 
ready to do on my part what may be just & reasonable 
for those people. Let others think as they please, I am 
still more in opinion with what I have declar'd to the 
Assembly here, that we ought to give incouragment to 
good Protestants of all nations & denominations. 

As the Judge & Advocate had but one commission of 
Admiralty for both Provinces, I think it was not at all 
necessary to repeat the oaths they had taken here. And 
upon talking with M r Peagrum,* I find he was directed 
before he came from home to take the oaths here, but in 

* John Peagrum was the' Surveyor-General of Customs. — Eds. 


no other government ; nor did he take 'em either at York 
or the Jerseys. 

I take a particular notice of the slip of paper you in- 
clos'd. I believe I am able to open the lock without a 
key, and will only say upon it (as I have in some other of 
my letters) that I desire to forget every ungratefull thing 
that past between us ; nor was I ever, nor am I in the 
least, fond of the character of a crafty, intriguing man, 
but plain dealing, openess, & simplicity are what I choose 
for an embellishment. Altho' I assure you, Sir, I was 
early this morning told " I must be cautious ; Coll 11 
Dunbar wou'd betray me, if he cou'd, and had sent to this 
town copies of letters I wrote him since his last coming 
to N. Hampshire." To this I very angrily reply'd, "I 
can believe no such thing, but it must be absolutely false." 
I want to gain no advantage on any account, but the 
droppings of my pen are what I truly mean & intend. I 
am sorry to recur to any former affair, but since you 
mention my order to the cap 1 of the fort 2 years ago, it 
had not been given but from his writing me that you 
swore, " You wou'd accept of no comission from the Gov r , 
but lookt on it with contempt," and swore again "that no 
body shou'd command that fort but by a commission from 
you." When this was represented to me, it's impossible 
to think strange that the Cap* Gen 11 shou'd give the order 
he did. But I don't desire to rub old sores, or to say any 
thing more on this head. 

I have re'd the late M r Usher's commission which does 
not at all satisfy e me. If I thought it proper to make 
any decision by it, I must have recourse also to the late 
Gov r Dudley's commission & instructions also, for I assure 
you my commission for N. Hampshire differs in several 
essential parts from all the Gov rs that ever were before 
me, and perhaps may in the point now lj T ing before the 
King. As to M r Auchmuty's opinion, I had it also upon 
his return from N w Hampshire (about two years ago). 

1733.] TO DAVID DUNBAR. 363 

But you find it nicely & tenderly worded, nor wou'd he 
by any means sign such an opinion, taking my commission 
& instructions together ; but shou'd he & all the attorneys 
in America make out their sense of the matter, I wou'd 
by no means submit the power & honour the King has 
vested me with to their opinion ; nor dare I. Besides I 
am so vain as to think myself as good a judge of English 
& sense as any of 'em. Nor can I think the case of com- 
mand in the army to be parallel with that in a civil 
government. But why need there -be any more mention 
of this affair, since you are content (as I am) to wait the 
issue from home ? 

You will, Sir, find by this daye's Gazette the answer of 
the House of Repr to that paragraph of my speech respect- 
ing Frederick's Fort, where they have determin'd it shall 
drop down. Their earnest applications to the King, his 
Majesty's most gracious answer, and their return therefor, 
are things not to be reconcil'd to common sense & reason, 
or to tolerable manners & gratitude, — at least it's out of 
my comprehension. I am sorry those fine settlements 
are in such hazard of being all broke up, and the fort 
destroy'd in some drunken frolick by the Indians. But of 
this affair I will write more particularly f> the next post, 
& now remain with much respect, Sir, 

Your Honour's friend & most humble serv fc . 

Boston, Augs* 27, 1733. . J. B. 



Hono ble Sir, — I am with your favours of 27 & 31 
ult* T the carrier & f> the post, wherein I find you had 
satisfy'd the Pennicook Indians by producing a deed of 
the land they came about, executed by four sagamores 
in 1629. I know no reason why you shou'd be at any 
charge in presents or subsisting them ; but it ought to be 
born by the Province, as it always is here. 


I have long since sent home a particular ace* of my 
proceedings in not admitting Mess re Wentworth & Atkin- 
son into the Council, and am determind to wait an answer 
before I send you those mandamus 8 . And I am sorry 
your Honour shou'd propose to me my showing any 
respect to a family, since he who pretends to be head 
of it has & does behave to the Gov r with that heighth 
of impudence that has no parallel. If you are desirous 
to be quit of the fort I will give it to such an one as I 
esteem my friend ; but I assure you, Sir, I have no com- 
pliments to make to my enemies, who if they want any 
favour from the Gov r must stroke down, their stomachs & 
ask for themselves. However, I thank your Honour's 
good intentions for effecting what you so much desire. 
Altho' no man desires to live in friendship & peace more 
than I do, yet I'll give into nothing but what is con- 
sistent with the rules of reason & honour. It has been 
usual upon a gent m ' s receiving a coihission for the fort to 
take the Council with him when he publisht it & took 
possession. But I am told your Honour took with you 
only the two gent m before mention'd, and that upon your 
proposing to drink the King's health they excus'd it, and 
gave for reason that they suppos'd the Gov r ' s must follow. 
Can you, Sir, think it possible for me to take notice of 
such fellows, or any that belong to 'em ? No ! they must 
come into another way of thinking & behaving, or be 
content (as I am) that they remain just as they are. I 
ask pardon for giving you this trouble, and am sorry to 
foul so much paper about 'em. 

I am fully satisfy'd with what you say in answ r to the 
hint I gave you, and said in the time of it, it was not 
possible to be true ; and as you observe, I know nothing 
in any of my letters that wou'd give me the least uneasi- 
ness to have it known to my worst enemy. 

As to the officers of the Admiralty Court, I find they 
still insist that they are not punctually & justly paid. 

1733.] TO DAYID DUNBAR. 365 

It's true there is no fund to answer their proper demands, 
yet you well know, if they are not paid things will move 
but heavily. Indeed, it is so in all affairs of life ; where 
the main spring fails that shou'd give vigour & motion, 
all others naturally flag & dye. But as I am no lawyer, 
nor do I understand the nature & course of the Admiralty 
Court, it will be best you constantly correspond with the 
Judge in all things relating thereto. 

I have Cap* Woodside's letter & later advice from 
Pemaquid. I shou'd be glad of the opportunity of a 
free talk with you on several heads, & particularly about 
the settlements you have brought forward. As the As- 
sembly here meets again this day moneth I believe it 
may be best for me once more to press their care & pro- 
tection of that country, and I shou'd be glad of the affi- 
davits you mention. 

All the power I can give your Honour will be only a 
capt' s comission for Frederick's Fort, and a coll 11 ' 8 commis- 
sion for such a regiment of militia as you can form from 
the east side of Kennebec River, and to nominate you to 
the Council here for a Justice of the Peace and of the 
Quorum in the County of York. As you know, there 
will be no pay for the cap* of the fort, or any others, 
perhaps you will find it difficult to get officers & men to 
do duty in the fort, about which as I am not yet fully 
determin'd, I wou'd have this matter remain with yourself 
'till I am come to a full conclusion, and in the mean time 
to give me your thots upon it. I respectfully salute you, 
& am, Sir, 

Your Honour's very humble serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Sept' 3, 1733. 

As there will be a Special Judge wanting for the Court 
to be held at Dover on Thursday next, I desire your care 
that the Justices of that Court may have the inclos'd. 




Sir, — I wrote you a few lines T Fellows. As to the 
Deny constable I hope your Honours will take care that 
there be impartial justice to the prosecutor & defendant. 

I have no business at N. Hampshire, but to meet an 
Assembly, which you have not yet agreed when to choose. 
This notwithstanding, & that every journey costs me from 
90 to £100 ; yet if you think it worth my while to come 
& take the air to see the magnificent court now kept at 
Portsmouth, and to take part of the weight of their in- 
fernal lyes off your shoulders, I'll (God willing) come & 
see you. But this you must well consider ; for I believe 
the world will call it an extraordinary frolick for a Gov r . 
I have reason to think Mons r is desirous of an interview 
with me where I may appoint, & if so I confirm what I 
wrote you 30 ult 1 , because I shou'd be glad to see you 
first. The commission & dedimus I inclose to the Leiu* 
Gov 1 , and am alwayes, Hono ble Sir, 

Y r friend & serv'. J. B. 

Boston, Sept r 3, 1733. 


Hono ble Sir, — The post before last brought me your 
favour of 7 psent. I wish what I said to this Assembly 
at their last meeting had obtain'd the desir'd success. 
However, I think it best to mention it to them once more, 
and to let the affair of the eastern settlements remain as 
they are 'till that time. The affidavits you mention'd 
did not come by the carrier as you propos'd. Whenever 
the governm* here resolve to take care of Frederick's Fort 
& the country thereabouts, I believe they will hardly con- 
sult with, or ask leave of, their tawney neighbours how 
or in what manner. A little time will bring that affair 

1733.] TO DAVID DUNBAR. 367 

to an intire conclusion, and then you shall hear from me 
very particularly about it. 

I dined with a gent m yesterday, who told me your 
brother was well at Hartford (bound to Simsbury) last 
Munday, and that he told him he cou'd make nothing out 
against the ship at New London. I am sorry he does not 
make you a visset thro' Boston, where I shou'd 'a' been 
glad to 'a' seen him, as I shall you when it may consist 
with your affairs ; for I think I cou'd say something to 
you for the service of the Crown & of yourself. I have 
the same accounts from the eastward that you had from 
Durham. The small pox has driven great numbers of the 
Indians from Canada, and they are spread along the fron- 
tiers of this Province ; and if the people make 'em mad 
with rum, they '11 kill their cattle & commit other dis- 
orders ; yet as your Honour observes, such things may 
usher in greater troubles. 

I know the fort as well as the whole Province of N. 
Hampshire are in a wretched condition for amunition or 
any thing else of defence ; but (God be thankt) nothing 
of that lyes at my door. If 2 or 3 wicked fellows have 
influence enough to delude 14 or 15 others, and they a 
whole Province, to the hazard of their lives & estates, 
they '11 know who to curse, when those wretches may 
have only the light punishment of being fellow sufferers. 
How soon a war may come on God knows ; and in that 
case, as you observe, poor N w Hampshire may be had for 
asking. But my repeated expostulations with the Assem- 
blies on this head make me quiet. As to Coll 11 Walton, I 
assure you, he has never by word or writing lispt to me a 
syllable of what past at the fort, but as those persons are 
daily with you you yourself must know how far they are 
from any claim to the Gov r ' s respect. That trifle didn't 
ruffle my temper at all ; and I repeat to you that I have a 
most negligent contempt of their feeble malice. I shou'd 
really think myself happy never to find any other but 


such inconsiderable creatures for my enemies. Had strict 
loyalty & true love to his country helpt to imblazon 
Cromwell's character, instead of being a great wicked 
man, I sbou'd have thought him as great a man as any 
age cou'd boast of. Notwithstanding the story you tell 
of him, I don't find he conferr'd any power, profit, or 
honour on the insignificant creature he so despis'd. And 
altho' the great K. William was the wisest & greatest hero 
of his age, yet you know the world fault, his making a 
motely ministry. The maxim of the present glorious 
family is, Gratitude to our friends & justice to our enemies. 
You say you have nothing to expect from me or the 
people. You have from me already all the little boons 
of the governm fc , and if they were more & better, you 
shou'd be very welcome to 'em ; and I take a gratefull 
notice that you say you wou'd honestly use any endeav- 
ours to make my administr 11 easy. One of K. William's 
m ottos was, Recte faciendo neminem timeas. And I am 
determin'd alwayes to do what is right, according to my 
best understanding, nor wou'd I needlessly keep up dif- 
ferences ; but I dare leave you (or any gent m ) to judge 
whether those we are talking about ought not to come to 
a sense of their duty to the Gov r . I sometimes fancy I 
don't abound in ill nature, tho' I may be mistaken, because 
I own myself pretty fond of the device round the Scotch 
thistle, Nemo me impune lacessit ; and when an}^ one 
unreasonably injures me, I am apt to return it when in 
my power. As to old Coll 11 Walton, you must forgive me 
if I can't believe what the gent m told you of threatening 
to cane him two years ago. Altho' he is an old man, I 
am sure he dare not say so to his face. Pardon so long a 
scroll on such ungratefull subjects, and I will not give 
you or myself any further trouble about 'em. 

I believe you find difficulties with your deputies, and 
it's a hardship to have such put upon you ; but great men 
must be oblig'd. I am sorry you find any symptoms of 


palsey, which I believe often happens from temperance 
and severity of life, of which I have known many in- 
stances in my time. About seven years ago I took to 
drinking large quantities of cold water, which so con- 
tracted the nerves of my right hand that I have not been 
able to hold a pen or write legibly for several years ; nor 
do I expect I ever shall. I remain with much respect, 


Your Honour's most obed* humble serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Sept' 17, 1733. 



Hono ble Sir, — I have now lying before me your favours 
of 3, 10, & 14 psent. It is well for my friends to be watch- 
full, and I am thankfull for your intelligence from time to 
time. But I am not much concern'd about their applica- 
tions home. They have been fretting in their grease for 
three years past, and yet the old proverb holds good, 
Curst cows have short horns. You'll find it so by the 
inclos'd paragraph of a letter from my brother, which 
keep to yourself. When the new mandam 8 come I think 
the Council will be full f» the list herewith. I now differ 
from my former thoughts as to the speedy settlement of 
the Line. Some block may fall in the way, which 
perhaps they must get the Gov r to remove. I fancy a 
few more such frays as happen' d with Barth ' 8 brother 
wou'd be of good service * 

I hear nothing from Livermore about the judgment 
|obtain'd against Tim Davis. 

I stand ready to issue the writts for a new Assembly, 
|and to meet them, whenever you (& our friends) think it 
Lay be seasonable. My own inclination is to be with 
rou (God willing) some time in Febru a . 

* Qu. Who is Barth '" brother ? Perhaps the junto that assaulted D. D. men at Exeter. 
Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 



I can assure you the people here more & more despise 
the beast they had set up for a wooden god. Gov r Shute's 
draper * (made up of guts & garbage) must go on with 
his ill nature & lying 'till his master takes him into his 
own clutches ; from that quarter springs ten times the 
mischief that does from Monsieur. 

Husk has no occasion to regret the loss of the Post 
Office ; if he will believe me he is much better as he is ; 
and I think he will be wise to make the best interest he 
possibly can to succeed Reynolds, if he shou'd not return. 
Notwithstanding the noises, I was alwayes steadily of 
opinion Boydill wou'd stand against all attempts, and 
he is now fixt in a place of <£400 a year, and which he 
knows & loudly owns he owes to the Gov r ' s favour, as D r 
Cutler's c hh does their late handsome present from the 
King worth 7 to 800£. 

All things, I assure you, are well with the Gov r at home ; 
and Mons r giving me a fair opportunity I write him this 
post that I have a very negligent contempt for the petu- 
lancies, lyes, & feeble malice of his sycophants. The 
Leiu* Gov r has once & again express'd his desire to wait 
on me at Boston, if he cou'd do it with safety ; but the 
word Haverhill (or any other place) has never been lispt 
on either side. When Coll 11 Saltonstall was last in town 
he repeated to me an invitation thither. I am told it's a 
pleasant town, and I want to see it. Gov r Dudley us'd 
to say a request from a superiour was the strongest com- 
mand, and I have thoughts of sending you such an one to 
make your personal appearance at my house, when I, 
wou'd communicate the whole correspond 06 since Mons r ' 8 
last happyfying you with his presence in N. Hampshire, 
and many other things I have to say for the publick good. 
In short, old H. will never get the Leiutenancy but by his 
resignation ; and after I have had a full talk with you, I 
may perhaps give him an interview, and put things into 

* Deering. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 


a method for his taking a final leave of you, if you can 
bear it. Pray what is the charge, or what is the great 
obstacle, of your paying a dutifull visset to the Gov r , who 
is, Sir, 

Your hearty friend. J. B. 

Boston, Sept r 17, 1733. 



Dear Jonathan, — My last was 23 July f> Bennet, 
which I hope has reacht you by this time. Cap fc Alden 
& Robie have brought me your dutifull letters of 1 & 26 

The order of the King in Council, with the vote of the 
House of Commons, seem to have so qualm'd our petit 
House of Repr that there is a rational prospect of their 
supplying the Treasury when they meet the next moneth. 
Pray, give my kind thanks k most humble service to my 
very good friend, M r Sharp, to whom I shall write in a 
little time. Most certainly, if the Assembly shou'd not 
now supply the Treasury, it will be of absolute necessity 
that the Parliam* lay proper duties here to support the 
King's government & to save his people. 

D r Cutler has reed the Royal Bounty for Christ's C hh , 
and has been with me with his Church Wardens (in behalf 
of the whole C hh ) to thank the Gov r for his fav r & friend- 
ship in procuring for them so valuable a gift. 

M r Belcher of Dublin Castle is very good to you in his 
invitation, for which you'll thank him, as I do you, for 
appropriating the Temple vacation to my Lord Coke and 
to your Civilian Professor at Cambridge. 

If I live to next summer I shou'd be glad of a black 
suit, according to my directions to Tullit, of grogram 
(but by no means of camlet), wove of the goodness of my 
old olive suit lying at your uncle's. 



All the letters you inclos'd have been duly deliver'd ; 
more particularly that to M r Shirley. Your brother 
makes answer to what you wrote of D r Harward's bond, 
which I also mention'd to him ; but I don't find there will 
be any thing to be got here. 

I am much oblig'd to M r Belcher (& his family) of 
Paul's Yard, for their great civility to you, & shall answer 
his kind letter f the next. 

I rejoyce in the safe arrival of your cousin Oliver, who 
is worthy of all your respect & esteem. 

It is a great pleasure to me to find S r P. York reed you 
with so much condescention & humanity ; pray make my 
highest sentiments of gratitude acceptable to him there- 
for ; and on all occasions cultivate the greatest acquaint- 
ance you dare with such towerers of the long robe. 

Your uncle writes me you was got to Cambridge 7 
July, from whence, I suppose, this may find you return'd. 
And I shall be glad, as soon as possible of yours & your 
friends thoughts about your standing a candidate at the 
next election. 

I now return T Cap* Alden the Greek Testam* you sent 
me, & I desire to have it in one volumn, bound as these 
are, & handsomly rul'd with red, according to the spe- 
cimen of the little Greek Testament herewith, which I 
also desire may be rebound as handsomely as the other, 
and rul'd with red as I have begun it with black lead. 
Pray be carefull of this small matter, and let me have 
the two Testaments f> the first in the spring. I hope the 
bookseller will make you pay only for one binding, since 
I return what he had put into two volumn s & order but a 
single one in lieu. 

When I hear from you, I shall write again at large, and 
am in the meantime & alwayes, my dear, 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Sept r 18, 1733. ; 
tf Alden. 



Hono blb Sir,— Your favours of 17, 21, & 24 ult 1 lye 
before me. The Father of Lyes will (in this world) train 
up a great many subjects for his future kingdom, to which 
number, no doubt, some of the party here will make an 

As to Don Quixot's taking leave of N w Hampshire that 
lyes much with you particularly, and in yours of 21 ult 1 
you say "lis not a barly corn's odds, &c a . It's a com- 
mon saying in the world, when people say they care least 
they care most. However, let that be as it will. I am 
sure you & I had rather be easy than otherwise, and you 
say Mons r is the main stay & support of the mischeivous 
devices ; why then shou'd we not be quit of him, which 
I think I have wrote you we may, and that a previous 
conversation with you is necessary thereto. I am heartily 
sorry for your uncommon indisposition, yet I wou'd hope 
you'll not find more inconvenience by it from a progress 
hither than you did to Falmouth. In short, if the moun- 
tain can't go to Mahomet, I believe Mahomet must come 
to the mountain. You know I have a great dependance 
on your thoughts & advice, and that I hardly talk with 
any body else. 

I have f> Shepherdson pleasing advices from home, of 
which an epistolary communication wou'd be too tedious. 
So I omit all, believing the fine moneth of Oct r , with the 
necessity of vissiting the Gov r , may invite you to take 
a bed with me for one night. 

Altho' I wou'd alwayes have in view that wise caution 
of S fc Paul, Let him that thinketh he standeth take heed 
lest he fall ; yet I have the satisfaction to tell you, the 
Gov r has at present all the reason in the world to believe 
he stands firm in the good graces of the King & his 
primier ministers, and you may depend on my making 
out what I wrote you 2 July as often as any body gives 


me fair occasion, and I am of opinion such who may 
become proselytes to the Irish faith will repent too late. 

I see you agree with me as to the moneth of Feb r . 
There is a late order from the Postmaster Gen 11 of 
America that all Gov rs shall pay post a . 

Altho' our correspond has been hitherto very smooth, 
& even by this post two letters full of respect, yet I be- 
lieve Mons r can but illy bear some strong causticks that 
I administer now & then, and in my two last particularly 
about his minions. He seems at present inclin'd to fall in 
with any thing I wou'd propose. I remain very kindly, 
Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct* 1, 1733. 

Pray remind Justice Smith to provide me two ferkins 
of the choicest late made butter. 


Sir, — My last was 6 ult 1 f> Gery, since which I have 
reed f> Shepherdson your favours of 3 & 6 Aug st past, 
with that from my son (at Cambridge) to yourself ; and 
altho' he has several of mine lying by him unanswer'd, 
yet so long as I hear of his health & diligence I am con- 
tent, — and thank you very kindly for your fidelity in 
my affairs, and that I may expect the mandamus 3 for 
Husk & Sherburne T Snelling. 

I observe what you wrote to M r Sharp, and how much 
the Lord President is pleas'd to be in my favour with 
respect to future mandamus 8 , for which please to present 
him my most dutifull thanks, and for his favour in the 
last leave for my support ; and I hope his Lordship will 
(agreeable to what he told you last year) so dispatch his 
Majesty's order respecting the grant now depending that 
I may have it by one of the ships quickly expected. 


I think you bestow'd the geese very well. I now send 
^p Homans 4 more ; what if you shou'd present two to 
M r W m Sharp and the other to M r Sec ry Popple to do with 
as they please ? 

As to my namesake of Paul's Yard's daughter, I think 
I judge right that it's best for Jonathan to wait some 
years longer before he fixes in a matrimonial state, which 
I don't suppose he will at any time venture to do without 
your advice, nor without my leave. 

My bond for 2000 £ st r to be employ'd towards his 
assistance in an election went f> Cooper, who was not 
arriv'd when Shepherdson came out, and I find after all 
your consideration, that you now think you shall have no 
occasion for it ; perhaps my first sentiments of this affair 
may at last find your approbation. I am really still 
afraid (should he succeed, which seems to me now more 
doubtfull) that it wou'd too much divide his thoughts, 
interrupt the course of his studies, and throw him into 
unprofitable politicks. You are very sure, brother, that I 
am very fond (perhaps too much) of this son, and my 
great desire is that he may be eminent in his profession ; 
yet after all I will acquiesce in what you and all his best 
friends determine as to his standing a candidate, and if 
upon the most mature consideration you conclude he 
shou'd not, I desire you to return me the bond sent f> 

Altho' I desir'd you to make enquiry about the Irish 
Lord, &c a , I did at same time firmly believe I serv'd a 
master of too much justice & honour, and that I had done 
it full up to the strictest rules of duty & honour, and 
that it was impossible so just a prince cou'd treat me in 
so cruel & unreasonable a manner. I will be free to say, 
brother, the King cou'd not have given his commission to 
any other gent m that wou'd 'a' been capable of serving 
the Crown so well as I have. Being a native of the 
country, I think I am perfectly knowing of its consti- 


tution, laws, circumstances, and of the manners of the 
people, that they have not been able to deceive or evade 
from me in any thing I thought might contribute to his 
Majesty's honour & service and at same time to their 
own security, peace & welfare, and I have fought the 
battles of the King with my own fortune and at all haz- 
ards of the Assembly's starving me. And altho' after 
waiting a long time with great expence, difficulty, & 
fatigue I obtain leave to take my money, yet I say I run 
the risq of my life, and so of losing the grants from time 
to time, and alwayes lose the interest of my own fortune 
that I am oblig'd to support myself with before I can 
come at my just due ; and at this present time there is 
due to me £4500 for a year & half's salary, and whenever 
I receive it of the Province I shall lose in the difference 
of the value of money from the time it shou'd 'a' been 
paid 4 to £500 of this currency. That I say my support 
is sunk 

By the interest of my own money spent to maintain 
me before I can get my salary : 

By what you are oblig'd to disburse in solliciting for 
leave : 

And by the falling of the money between its being 
due, and my receiving it. 
All these things, brother, are severe & hard upon me. 
How very extraordinary wou'd it then be, that I shou'd 
be superseded while I have strictly observ'd the King's 
instructions & strenuously supported his Majesty's honour 
in all points, with a strife, troublesome people, and the 
King or his ministers have in no article impeacht my ad- 
ministration. However it is best for you & Jonathan to 
be alwayes upon the sharp look out against all sudden & 
secret attempts. Such an one is the affair of Ben Pem- 
berton's bringing the King's order to rend from me the 
Naval Office, the one half whereof I gave my son Lyde 
towards the support of his family, and intended the other 


half for my son Andrew (the whole office being worth 
about £550 this money). By the act of 7 & 8 of K. W. 
3 d the Gov r is. properly Naval Officer, and the King in 
his order to me to give Pemberton a commission sayes 
only to be Clerk of the Naval Office, the King's ministers 
knowing the Gov r by Act of Parliam* is really & truly 
Naval Officer, and that office has been alwayes esteem'd 
an inseperable perquisite of his commission. However, 
I have obey'd the King's order, and given him a com- 
mission, tho' I have turn'd my children out of so much 
bread. I inclose you copy of the King's order and of my 
commission which agree, except my leaving out of the 
commission those words of the King's order, during our 
pleasure. Shou'd they be put in it wou'd be to give so 
inferiour an officer, who is directly under me, and for 
whom I am answerable, an authority that might lead to 
great inconveniencies of rudeness & unsafety to the Gov r , 
and since he has the commission with all the profits of it, 
I can see no damage it is to him, and while he behaves 
well in his office he will be in no danger of losing it with- 
out the King's leave or order. However, I understand 
he is dissatisfy'd, and intends to write home for a second 
letter of the King's to command me to give him a new 
commission, inserting that clause, or else trye for a patent 
from the King, both of which you must wisely & strongly 
oppose, as you may find occasion. But I don't think any 
body at Court will concern themselves about such a 
troublesome fellow now they have got rid of him. In- 
deed every body here is surpriz'd (considering the severe 
time I have had in the government) that the best per- 
quisite of it shou'd be taken from me. I am therefore, 
brother, in the next place, to desire you to feel by M r 
De la Faye, Horace Walpole, or in the best way you can, 
whether it may not be practicable to regain this office to 
my family, — I mean to get the King's patent either for 
my son Andrew or Lyde. I fancy Jonathan by his ap- 


378 THE. BELCHER PAPERS. [1733. 

plication to D. of Argyle & to others f> inclos'd list might 
be serviceable, and I wou'd realy leave no stone unturn'd 
to get it again, not only for the profitt, but for my own 
honour. I know the patent will cost 60 or 70 £ st r , but 
that I don't value. Perhaps it may be best to wait 6 or 
8 months that he may be something forgot before you 
indeavour to remove him, and to have the Gov r ' s just per- 
quisite restor'd to him, and whenever you go about it, it 
must be wisely & privately. Let me pray your particular 
answer to this matter as soon as you can, and what may 
be proper & to whom for me to write about it. 

When I look over the affidavits from Sherburne & 
Sloper, they so plainly show how vile & impudent Went- 
worth has been, that I think they must effectually stop 
Wentworth's obtaining any further order for admitting 
his mandamus. 

Coll 11 Dunbar & I seem at present to have a tolerable 
good understanding ; yet I am inform'd he has wrote 
home, & so have his adherents, to obtain a report in his 
favour upon the representation made 2 years agoe from 
the Lords of Trade to the King respecting our disputes, 
and also to get considerable alterations in the officers of 
the government, as the Naval Officer, Collector, Judge of 
Admiralty, Sheriffe, &c a , to be done as Pemberton has got 
it, or in any other way that these changes may be ob- 
tain'd ; and shou'd they succeed it wou'd vastly weaken 
the King's government in my hands & render me mean 
& contemptible. I hope you will therefore lodge caveats 
with the clerks at all the offices, & be diligently inquiring 
from time to time that you may have early notice of any 
motions as to the affairs of my governments. The King 
in his commissions sayes, I shall enjoy all promts, per- 
quisites, & priviledges of the several governments ; but 
to take 'em away in this manner is so far to supersede 
my commissions and to punish me without faulting my 
administration in any respect. Thus you see, brother, I 


am oblig'd to take a vast deal of pains to keep myself 
upon my legs, & to hold & enjoy e my just rights. . 

The Assembly is now sitting here, and it's generally 
thot they will supply the Treasury, and I must pray you 
to be a little patient ; it shall not be long before I send 
you a remittance. I have this day order'd some copper 
ore aboard a ship to Bristol, & shall send some more in 
a very little time. Let Jonathan read this letter, and act 
about any part of it as you may think proper. I remain, 
Your brother & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct* 4, 1733. 

Inclos'd is Rob fc Jacob's 2 d bill of 26 July on Silas 
Hooper for £31 in your favour, the first went T Bennet. 

I find I mention'd the last geese to be given to M r 
Sharp & Popple, so you may dispose of these where they 
may be most acceptable & most for the Gov r ' s service. 

I very much want the footman I wrote for, & hope you 
will not fail to send him before winter, my servants being 
all free & set up for themselves. Pray don't forget to 
send me one of the best you can get. J. B. 

$ Homans. 


My dear Son, — I wrote you 17 ult 1 f> Alden, since 
which I have your uncle's letters f> Shepherdson to 6 
Aug 8t , and am glad to hear by them of your health & 
diligence at Cambridge. Altho' I have no letters from 
you, yet I am content, since you are well about your 
business. Remember, Jonathan, to shine in your profes- 
sion is (as to this world) your magnum oportet. About 
this time 12 months, I suppose you will have your call to 
the barr, and I hope you'll take care to deserve it, because 
your future good (or mean fortune) will turn upon your 
performances there. I pray God to furnish you more & 


more with natural & acquir'd knowledge, but above all 
with the restraints & influences of his Holy Spirit. 

I am glad you seem to have broke off: all correspondence 
with your acquaintance here, which I am sure must have 
been a fatigue and avocation from your studies. That if 
you take care to have my letters duly answer'd, and now & 
then a letter to your mother, I shall think it sufficient. 

I hope you are pleas' d with the new covering upon your 
head, tho' I am still of opinion that nothing will ever so 
well become you as what you have taken from it. 

I am daily expecting your last year's expence, and the 
spaces fill'd up in the recommendatory letters I have 
given in your favour. At all times look very carefully 
over my letters, and answer very particularly what you 
may find necessary. 

Your uncle seems now to be at a stand about your 
standing a candidate. For my own part I shall be per- 
fectly easy in whatever you & your wisest friends may 
determine, but shou'd be glad to have your conclusion 
in the affair as soon as may be. 

By this conveyance I write your uncle at large on 
many heads; and in what may be absolutely necessary 
you must assist (and not else). But I am fond of your 
sticking close to your own business. 

I am in great want of a footman that can shave, dress 
a wigg, and do all things about a gent m . Let him be a 
Dissenter, sober & honest, if you can ; but one I must 
have, the best you can get. For my servants are all free 
& set up for themselves. 

Inclosed are copies of letters from Bishop of London, 
Sir Ch. Wager, M r Ja 8 Belcher, & M r Morton. I send 
them that you may see how much respect your father & 
you owe to these getit m ; & to Sir C. Wager I now mention 
you particularly. Let M r Belcher of Dublin have copy of 
the pedigree I sent you in mine of 23 Apr 1 last. 

I wish your uncle & you cou'd accomplish a handsome 


letter to me from D. N. Castle & E. Wilmington. It wou'd 
give me great strength & honour in the government. 

I now send two pair of geese ; what if M r De la Faye 
shou'd have a pair to do with as he pleases ? Deliver M r 
Hollis's letter, and help beg for a small bell for M r Byles's 
c hh , of which I am chief patron, and if you succeed the 
inclos'd subscription must be cast upon it. # One of 4 or 
500 w* wou'd do very well, and not cost above <£30 st r . 

Pray tell me the meaning of what you'll see I have 
extracted from the daily Post of 27 July last. Your 
uncle will communicate my whole letter, that I need add 
nothing more at present, but remain 

Your very affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 4, 1733. 

I wou'd have you keep a very friendly correspondence 
with M r Sec ry Belcher of Dublin. It may turn to your 
future advantage. 

$ Homans. 


May it please your Grace, — The honour of yours 
of 13 July from Shaw came to my hands the 4 of last 
moneth, which brings me under fresh & great obligations 
to your Grace, that you are pleas'd so kindly to accept my 
zeal to your interest & service ; what I hinted in my letter 
to my son being from no other view in the world. If 
your Grace will forgive me, & not call me officious, I will 
at your command transmit the best account I possibly can 
of the true value of the New York Oblong, and I think I 
shall be able to do it from such undoubted & impartial 
hands as may perhaps enlighten & give your Grace much 
satisfaction. As to the controversy respecting the two 
grants, I am pretty much a stranger to it, nor do I 

* See the letter to Mr. Hollis, dated October 5, post, p. 389. — Eds. 


pretend to understand the nature of the conveyance laws, 
or, indeed, very little of any other. I observe your Grace 
(with your partners) are inclin'd to bring forward settle- 
ments on these lands, and that your Grace desires to 
know what method may be necessary (or usual) to strike 
into for the best accomplishing your design. 

As I have been & am concern' d in settling wild lands in 
this country, I take the freedom to inclose to your Grace 
a copy of one of my leases, the charge whereof to me was 
about £80 st r ; but some settlements I am now designing 
to bring forward will be thus, — A farm of 200 acres, 
with only a small house & barn (no living stock or uten- 
sils), and such a house & barn may cost about £30 st r , & 
I wou'd make a lease of 14 years. The tenant to be 
oblig'd in the term thorroly to subdue & bring to English 
grass (fit for the scythe) 40 acres of land, without ever 
breaking the sward, for we esteem one acre so brot to 
worth 2 or 3 done by the plow ; the landlord must find 
the grass seed for the land as it's wanted. For corn land 
we allow the tenant to break up what may be necessary, 
in such places as the landlord directs, and it's best he 
shou'd be restrain'd from exceeding three crops from any 
one spot, and then to lay it down according to the rules of 
good husbandry to English grass. The first tenants we 
get to our wild lands are commonly poor and often un- 
faithfull, and turn the quick stock put into their hands 
into money, & make off ; that of late (& so for the 
future) I settle none but in the manner I now mention, 
and generally look for a man with a wife & children, 
who are able to go thorro such a lease as I now propose, 
upon which your Grace's charge (as before) will be about 
£30 st r . 

I observe what your Grace sayes of the estates purchast 
not long since in Ireland. Your Grace will please to 
pardon me while I say there is a vast difference between 
the lands of that kingdom & this country. There they 


have been inhabited some thousands of years, and have 
been long since subdued & cultivated to the h eighth ; but 
they are not so in this infant plantation, nor have we a 
tenth part people enough for the Massachusetts Province. 
Whoever inform'd your Grace of our numbers was grossly 
mistaken, because according to the best accounts I have 
been able to get since my being in the government we 
have not in the Massachusetts Province 120,000 souls, nor 
25,000 fit to bear arms. The lands of this Province are 
generally good in their nature ; I believe equal to those of 
G e Britain (if not superiour), and in many parts of the 
Province finely accommodated with harbours & rivers, 
more especially what we call the eastern parts of the 
Province, where there is room for more than 20,000 fami- 
lies ; and if your Grace & partners are inclin'd to lay 
out money in lands in these parts, I think it may be done 
there at this time to considerable proffit ; and if I might 
be serviceable in such an affair I wou'd obey your Grace's 
commands with great alacrity. If your Grace shou'd 
think proper to communicate what I write to the Hono ble 
Coll 11 Bladen, perhaps he may incline to be concern'd. 
This Province increases fast, and will in time be un- 
doubtedly the mistress of all the King's provinces in 
America. Altho' the islands & southern continent may 
give productions of a more valuable nature than ours ; 
yet, my Lord Duke, I think they can never become coun- 
tries like this, which is capable of every thing necessary 
to the being & comfort of mankind. We suck in & blow 
out a most healthy air, in a good climate, and the people 
are generally of brave, athletic constitutions. But from 
N. York southward and all the West India Islands, they 
are situated in latitudes forbidding the general & lasting 
health which the inhabitants of N° America are blest with. 
I have, may it please your Grace, (in my younger dayes) 
seen almost every county of G* Britain, all Holland, 
great part of France, Germany, some parts of Sweedland 


& Denmark, and of all the countrys I have seen New 
England is the nearest match to its mother country. 
Your Grace will please to forgive this long detail, and 
perhaps a native may be too fond of the land he is sprung 
out of. I have the honour to be with all possible defer- 
ence and regard, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most obedient & most faithfull humble 
servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct' 4, 1733. 
$ Homans. 


May it please your Grace, — I think I have from 
time to time transmitted to your Grace whatever has 
past (worth notice) in the publick affairs of the two 
governments where the King has plac'd me ; and the 
Assembly of this Province began to sit again yesterday 
(according to my last adjournment). What they will do 
respecting the supply of the Treasury I am not able to 
say. But most certainly the King's Province and govern- 
ment are now reduc'd to great extremities ; the fortifica- 
tions in a manner all dropping down, the officers & soldiers 
distrest for want of near three years pay, the Judges & 
all other officers of the government, with multitudes of 
private persons unjustly debarr'd of their dues ; and if 
nothing be done at this sitting I shall again faithfully 
lay all things before your Grace for his Majesty's cogni- 
sance & for his mercifull care of his government & people 

It is now, my Lord Duke, about 16 moneths since I 
have reed a farthing support from this Province. Altho' 
they have made me grants of money agreeable to their 
ingagements to the King ; yet they will put no money 
into the Treasury to pay those grants, but indeavour to 
treat me with all possible injustice, and to distress me all 


the wayes they can, and for no other reason but for my 
fidelity to his Majesty. I have now, my Lord Duke, been 
living near a year & an half upon my own fortune, with- 
out any support from the King, my master, or from his 
people here, and in the time have spent upwards of £4000 
for the necessary support of my own family, & for his 
Majesty's service & honour ; and the money I am to receive 
from the Province when I can have it will be sunk 1 or 
15 f C fc from the value it was when first granted to me ; 
and all these hardships, may it please your Grace, I say, 
I labour under because of my strict duty to the King. 
Yet I hope things will not alwayes continue so, but that 
if I cannot be duly paid from the people, his Majesty in 
his royal justice & grace will think his faithfull servant 
ought to be paid out of his Royal Exchequer, rather than 
to suffer an undutifull Assembly to threaten to starve him 
for doing his duty. 

I have, my Lord Duke, reed, his Majesty's commands 
for appointing M r Pemberton Clerk of the Naval Office of 
this Province, which I wou'd humbly observe to your 
Grace is the first instance of the kind here, and seems to 
militate with the act of 7 & 8 of K. W. 3 d , where the 
Gov r is made intirely accountable for that office, and is 
one of the best perquisites of this governm*, all which his 
Majesty in his royal commission to me saves, I shall hold 
& enjoy; yet the sight of his Majesty's order in that 
behalf commanded my ready obedience, and I have in 
compliance therewith turn'd my son out of the office, to 
whom I had given it to help support his family, and have 
put M r Pemberton into possession thereof. How hard this 
is upon me, your Grace in your great goodness will please 
to consider, that while I have been constantly attacht to 
his Majesty's interest & honour in a strict adherence to all 
his royal instructions, and for that reason only have been 
kept out of my just support by the people, with great 
submission to your Grace, to have the best perquisite of 




my government taken from me, I believe your Grace must 
think severe & discouraging to a good servant. I humbly 
pray your Grace wou'd so consider it, as that in a con- 
venient time I may restore my son to the place, which 
will oblige me & my son to pray for your lasting health & 
happiness. I have the honour to be with great respect 
& duty, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most obed fc , most faithfull & most humble 
serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 4, 1733. 
$ Homans. 


Sir, — The 30 June last I reed T the hands of S r John 
Randolph the honour of yours of 6 May last, full of so 
much respect and friendship as claims my greatest grati- 
tude, and it has thorroly open'd to me the springs of all 
the clamour against the Excise Bill, on which I had also 
a great deal of talk with Sir John. 

If the trade & people in general had been mov'd & 
govern'd by wise & honest principles, I am of opinion the 
Excise Bill wou'd have past & been thot one of the best 
laws had been made in an English Parliament. But while 
fraudulent lucre is made the mark of mankind, I don't 
wonder the bill found such opposition. What can be 
more just & equal than that the revenue shou'd be rais'd 
upon the consumption, and what can be easier for the fair 
trader than that the importation shou'd be free ? So far 
as I was able to understand the bill I alwayes thought it 
very good & just. In Holland I think the revenue for 
the support of the government has been always rais'd in 
such a manner. Cou'd there be some more effectual laws 
made, & better executed, to prevent the wicked frauds of 
the drawback trade, the Excise Bill wou'd not be thought 

* Sir Charles Wager, a distinguished English naval officer, was born in 1666 and died 
in 1743. From 1718 to 1742 he was one of the Lords of the Admiraltv. — ICds. 


such a bugbear ; and as you very justly observe, Sir, the 
disaffected of one sort & another gladly hug every oppor- 
tunity that comes within their reach to render his Majesty 
& his ministers odious & uneasy, and they are alwayes 
glad of the assistance of the blind giddy populace to carry 
on their cursed game. But I hope Almighty God will go 
on to blast their hellish designs against our present wise 
& glorious monarch & his royal house, and tho' his minis- 
ters were as wise as angels, yet nothing will do unless 
some others might get into the saddle. And I really 
think the great S r Robert may justly challenge the good 
wishes, good will & assistance of his fellow subjects for 
the great things he does for his King & country, and not 
to be treated with that villany & ingratitude which the 
enemies of our happy constitution have the impudence to 
load him with. But his great genius (rarely to be equall'd) 
despises their feeble malice, and his country maugre the 
C hh of Rome and their Jacobite adherents, I hope will still 
be happy in his wise conduct with the rest of the present 
ministry ; and God grant that time may lay the ferment 
rais'd by a cursed crew in dressing up a comely thing into 
a monster. 

Cap* Durell's conduct in his station gives him great 
esteem with the trade & this whole country, and I am 
glad to find the managment of his convoy last winter to 
Tortuga so well approved by your Hono ble Board. The 
insolence of those Spanish captains ought to be corrected 
with a halter. 

I am, Sir, to pray the favour that my son, to whom I 
commit this, may have the honour to deliver it with his 
own hands. This young gent m , after spending seven 
years at our little college in Cambridge, determin'd the 
rest of his life to the study & practice of the law, and is 
now in the 5 th year of his entrance, and in the 3 d of his 
residence at the Temple, expecting to have a call to the 
barr some time the next year ; and as he went hence with 


principles of vertue & diligence, I hope he will be able in 
time to make his way in the world. The honour I had of 
some acquaintance with you when I was last at home, 
and thereby the opportunity of knowing your great can- 
dour, goodness, and humanity to all mankind, makes me 
take the freedom of introducing M r Belcher to your 
knowledge. He is my agent at all the publick offices, and 
may have occasion to wait on Sir Charles Wager with the 
rest of the Lords of the Admiralty, and when he payes 
his duty to you I shou'd greatly esteem your countenance 
& smiles upon him, and which may be a fine help to his 
future fortune in the world : and I think myself safe in 
becoming his security that he shall not abuse or dishonour 
any respect you are pleas'd to show him, and it wou'd 
give me uncommon pride & pleasure, that you wou'd 
please to put an opportunity into my hands of returning 
so great an obligation as your favour to my son in some 
acceptable manner. 

God Almighty give you, Sir, a long life, with a great 
share of health, and may your King & country reap the 
advantage, and you the just honour of your superiour 
merit, and thus I remain, with all possible regard & 
deference, Hono ble Sir, 

Your most obedient & most faithfull humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Ocf 4, 1733. 
$ Homans. 


Worthy Sir, — The 4 of last moneth Cap* Homans 
deliver'd me your obliging letter of 19 July, by which I was 
glad to hear of your father's recovery to a better health. 
My good wishes alwayes attend him ; and I am very 
thankfull for the respect you show'd my kinsman M r 
Oliver, and am sorry my son was prevented the pleasure 
of waiting on you. I have a great esteem for my nephew 

1733.] TO HENRY NEWMAN. 389 

M r Oliver, who I believe will be no dishonour to his 
country or friends. I look upon him a young gent m of 
strict vertue, good sense, & much modesty. I give you, 
Sir, my most sincere thanks for your readiness to serve 
my son, when it may fall in your power, and shall chear- 
fully embrace any opportunity of returning such respect. 

I must in the next place ask pardon & then turn beggar. 
The name of Hollis must ever be remember'd with great 
respect in this country, and altho' your family has made 
so many generous benefactions to New England, yet I am 
put upon what follows. Upon laying out a considerable 
tract of land in this town about two years ago into streets 
& house lotts one of the main streets was named Hollis 
Street, since which a number of worthy men have erected 
& finish'd a handsome c hh , whereof the Rev d M r Mather 
Byles was ordain'd the pastor in Decemb r last. He is 
grandson to the late Rev d , learned & excellent D r Increase 
Mather. Altho' this new congregation are a number of 
sober, good Christians, yet they are not in the most plen- 
tiful! circumstances, and I have promist to, mention to 
you the procuring for them by yourself & friends a small 
bell for this new c hh in Hollis Street. * I must, Sir, once 
more pray your forgiveness for this great freedom, and 
that you'll please to believe me to be with much respect, 
Sir, * 

Your most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Oct' 5, 1733. 
$ Homans. 


My dear Friend, — Cap* Alden & Shepherdson have 
brought me your obliging favours of 5 May & 4 Augs* 
last, and I give you a great many thanks for your sollici- 
tations in behalf of Christ's C hh , which have at last found 

* See Chaney's Hollis Street Church, p. 5. — Eds. 


the desir'd success, and I tell the Doct r & his Church 
Wardens that this bounty is the pure produce of your 
indefatigable application. The plate & other furniture is 
noble & handsome & very acceptable.* 

The prints you send me from time to time are profitable 
& amusing ; so pray let me have 'em constantly as you 
have done with them, & your other friends will al waves 
partake in such goodness. 

I think my nephew M r Oliver will suit your goust, for 
he is really a man of sense, vertue, & modesty. 

By our last accounts from Carolina I find we are not 
like to have the happiness of M r Oglethorp's company 
here, but that he is going from thence directly home. 

The King's Order in Council, with the vote & order of 
the House of Commons upon the New England address & 
memorial seem to have qualm'd the stomachs of our poli- 
ticians & senators, and I hope they will come to a sense 
of their duty in a little time. 

Coll 11 Bladen has wrote a letter to the Speaker of the 
Repr, to which, I suppose, they will return an answer by 
the first ship. 

If my administration shou'd not be appro v'd by the 
King & his ministers I shou'd think it very hard when I 
have been continually fighting the battles of the Crown 
at all hazards ; and this summer the Repr threatn'd to 
starve me, and for no other reason but for my fidelity to 
my royal master. 

I see the happy nuptials of the Prince of Orange with 
the Princess Royal were to be consummated as last 
moneth, which I hope will add strength & power to the 
Protestant interest. 

M r Belcher hardly ever writes me but with a large acc u 
of M r Newman's great goodness & civility to him, for 
which I am under a thousand obligations. I am well 
pleas'd with my son's spending his Temple vacation under 

* See Burroughs's Historical Account of Christ Church, p. 15. — Eds. 

1733.J TO THOMAS CORAM. 391 

the Civilian Professor at Cambridge. I believe this is the 
5 th year of my entring him at the Temple, and the 3 d of 
his taking chambers, and his uncle writes me, by the 
priviledge of his Master's degree at Cambridge he expects 
to have a call to the barr sometime next summer. Will 
you be so good as to make enquiry of some of the coun- 
sellors at the Temple that may know him, and of his 
associates, whether they think he will be qualify'd ? for I 
wou'd not have him too hasty or fond of a priviledge & 
honour he cannot fairly lay claim to. I must beg you, 
Sir, to be faithfull to me in this article, and to give me an 

I shall with great pleasure hug every opportunity you'll 
put in my power to demonstrate with how great & sincere 
a respect I am, dear & worthy Sir, 

Your friend & most faithfull humble serv'. 

J. B. 

Boston, Oct* 6, 1733. 
$ Homans. 


Sir, — Cap* Alden & Homans have brought me your 
kind favours of 3 July & 20 Aug st . The King's Order in 
Council with the resolution of the House of Commons in 
answer to the address & memorial have qualm'd the 
stomachs of some of our senators, as well as of our street 
politicians, and they now begin to think they had better 
have taken the Gov r ' 8 advice 2 or 3 years ago, and have 
done voluntarily what they must now be forc'd to, after a 
vast charge & quarrelling with the Crown to work their 
own ruin ; for I take all the hard acts on the plantations 
as so many mulcts on the Massachusetts Bay, viz fc , — the 
Acts about Pine Trees, the Hatt Act, the Sugar Act, & some 
others. I shou'd think the support of the authority & 
honour of the Crown very consistent with the liberties & 
happiness of the people, and methinks they might be con- 


tent to enjoye their rights with a great deal of good 
manners & complaisance to the government at home, who 
will be otherwise too hard for 'em, as they have wofully 
found in ev'ry dispute they have had. I think it wou'd 
be happy for this Province that the Crown wou'd take to 
themselves the large tracts of land to the eastward that 
may lye waste for a thousand years to come, for any thing 
this Province can or will do. And since you say M r H. 
Walpole spoke of it in the House, I have some thoughts 
of giving him a letter on that head. I am fully in opinion 
with you that the terms projected for settling new Georgia 
will finally defeat that whole design. 3/ st r T annum 
forever to the Crown for 100 acres, & the right to be only 
in the heirs male, will certainly drive all sensible indus- 
trious inhabitants this way, where they may have choice 
good land for 3/ st r an acre in fee simple, to do with as 
they please, and live happy under an easy civil govern- 
ment. For my part I can't think but industrious diligent 
people wou'd gather hither in great numbers, if they did 
but know how happily they might live, for no man that 
will be sober & diligent can fail of living comfortably in 
this country. We breath a fine wholesome air, and the 
people are generally healthy & robust. 

I carefully deliver'd the letter to M r Bradstreet, the son 
of M rs Campbell, who happen'd to be in this town when 
the letter came to my hands. I think that poor gentle- 
woman undergoes a hard fate, but by what I have heard 
the government of the paultry Province of Nova Scotia 
has been but one constant scene of tyrany. I believe it 
may be something easier at present ; but God deliver me 
& mine from the government of soldiers. They are good 
& proper in their places, but not to be at the head of a 
civil polity ; and I am sure it wou'd be wise in G* Britain 
alwayes to indulge their plantations with great freedoms 
& immunities, at least for the first century. 

I find by all hands the crown of Poland will be restor'd 

1733.] TO JOHN GUYSE. 393 

to King Stanislaus, and who can say Nay, if G fc Britain, 
France, Spain, Holland, Sweeden, & Denmark are so 
agreed, and which perhaps may prevent a warr in Europe 
for the present. 

Pray tell me what you mean by Thamas Kouli Can 
carrying on his show at the connivance or contrivance of 
the Sophy Schach Thamas, and has not the latter both 
his eyes put out & banisht, and is there any shadow of 
reason to think he will ever again mount the throne of 
Persia ? 

After all I find the Dutch must make themselves as 
easy as they can with the Prince of Orange's matching 
with our Princess Royal, which by all the advices I have 
had from England I suppose is consumated at Hampton 
Court before this day, and I hope it will tend to strengthen 
the Protestant interest in Christendom. 

You will see I am fond of your correspondence by the 
length of this, and I pray you wou'd not fail of writing 
me, when you have anything worth handing to this 
remote corner of the world, and I shall alwayes be glad 
of rendring you any acceptable service here, and remain 
with my kind regards to my worthy countrywoman, Sir, 
Your assured friend & very humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Oct* 6, 1733. 
$ Homans. 


Rev d Sir, — The 8 of Aug st past I reSd f> Cap* Alden 
your letter (without date) which is full of good sense, 
good religion, & good will to your friend, and brings me 
under fresh & lasting obligations. I have been sur- 
rounded with difficulties from my first arrival to the 
government, and am to own with great gratitude the 

* Rev. John Guyse, D.D., an eminent Dissenting minister, at Hertford and afterward 
in London, was born in 1680 and died in 1761. — Eds. 



favour of a good God, who has hitherto supported & pre- 
served me in health under a variety of tryalls, troubles, 
& contradictions. You wisely observe that the burden 
of rule & government is too weighty for the shoulder 
of a mortal man, my eyes & my heart must therefore 
alwayes be to the God of the spirits of all flesh, to that 
God who is excellent & infinite in wisdom & in every 
adorable perfection. In him I desire to trust for counsel 
& direction. In all thy wayes acknowledge Him, and He 
will direct thy paths. He can scatter every cloud, and 
for those that truly trust in Him, He rides upon the 
heavens for their help & in His excellency upon the skies. 
My great prayer is for His grace, that I may be upright 
before Him, and that my principal aim in every part of 
my government may be to advance His glory ; so shall I 
best of all honour the King & serve this people, who are 
bone of my bone & flesh of my flesh. My little fortune 
& family are & must be here, & must sink & swim with 
dear N. England, and whenever 1 can do them good, it 
will alwayes be a happy article of my life. When I ex- 
amine myself, I think I have no sinister aims or views, 
but am desirous to serve my generation according to the 
will of God, and I hope to be alwayes able to make 
Samuel's appeal to the people under my care, Whose ox 
have I taken ? or whose ass have I taken ? or whom have 
I defrauded ? whom have I oppressed ? or of whose hand 
have I reed any bribe ? What sayes the great & wise 
King of Israel ? The integrity of the upright shall guide 
them ; they wash their hands in innocenc} 7 . I will there- 
fore by the help of God indeavour that my heart shall 
not reproach me so long as I live. Bow your knees, Sir, 
with mine at the throne of grace, that God wou'd pour 
down upon me a spirit of understanding & of the fear of 
the Lord. Jethro told his son Moses, This thing is too 
heavy for you. But what sayes the great Apostle ? I 
can do all things thro' Christ that strengthneth me ; and 


if in prayer, faith, & repentance we there drop anchor 
we shall ride out safe in the greatest tempests. 

I am much oblig'd for your kind mention of M r Belcher 
at the Temple, to whom I shall much esteem your friend- 
ship & advices as you may have opportunities. My son 
here returns you a great deal of respect & service. The 
letters you inclos'd me were duly forwarded. May you 
enjoye a great share of health and an usefull long life. 
May you, I say, labour with great success in your master's 
vineyard, and see of the travail of your soul to your 
abundant joy & satisfaction ; and by turning many to 
righteousness may you shine as the starrs forever & ever. 
This is & shall be the prayer of, rev d & worthy Sir, 

Your hearty friend & most obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Oct r 8, 1733. 
$ Etonians. 


Sir, — The last line of yours (5 psent) seem'd as if 
you had at that time some thoughts of visseting the Gov r , 
and I hope want of health has not prevented it, tho' what 
you said has been the reason I have not wrote you for 
a post or two past ; and indeed I have but little to say 
now, nor any thing more respecting Don Quixot than what 
I have wrote over & over again. The Line may meet 
with unthought-of blocks. Bor — 1 — d, R — dge, & Br — wn 
of Newbury might make great holes (if not blow the ship 
all to peices). But it's difficult setting things in motion. 
I am just now told the Spanish Don goes to London in a 
new ship he is building, haud credo. 

It will be a fine thing to see all the guns like wax and 
the fort amply stor'd with powder, and all other aihu- 
nition. I understand there is a close correspondence 
between Mons r & our sinking hero.* Pray what shape 

* David Dunbar and Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 


can't the Devil take ? But why shou'd I wonder ? In 
these he does but keep up his own to perfection. I am 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Oct/ 25, 1733. 

Is Justice Smith mindfull of what I desir'd. 

tf M r Fellows. 


Gentlemen of the House of Repr. — Sometime in 
Aug sfc last I communicated to you a letter I had reed from 
the Hono ble Coll 11 David Dunbar, respecting Frederick's 
Fort, and the lands at Pemaquid, since which I have 
another from that gent m on the same head, a copy 
whereof I have directed the Sec ry to leave with you. I 
have also lately had applications from several of the 
inhabitants there for the protection of this government. 
You will see, gent m , that Coll 11 Dunbar offers to take care 
of the fort & people on those settlements at his own 
expence untill the King's further pleasure be known in 
this matter. But I shou'd think it wou'd be more for 
the honour of this governm* that you made a sutable 
provision for the support of that fort & did encourage & 
protect those infant plantations. 

I desire you therefore once more seriously to weigh this 
affair & to act therein what may be for the real service & 
interest of this Province, and may in the best manner 
recomend you to his Majesty's favourable regards. 

J. B. 

Nov. 1, 1733. 

* This Messnge and the Speeches of Nov. 2 and Nov. 7 (post, pp. 398, 406) were not 
printed in the "New-England Weekly Journal 1 ' at the time, and the Library of the 
Historical Society does not have a printed copy of either. It has therefore been thought 
best to reproduce them in this volume. — Eds. 



Hono blb Sir, — Honest Fellows has brought me yours 
of 29 ult 1 , with your speculations, for which I thank you. 
The Boston gent m you mention, I suppose to be the mast 
contractor. I must endeavour to arm myself with patience 
in all events. Great is the malice of the mortify'd hero, 
that I say I must be upon my guard & defend myself as 
well as I can. I thank God I am placid & easy, nor does 
my courage at all fail me ; but I hope to be G-n-r for a 
great while to come. The scheme for a new agent for this 
Province is not a new thing to me. But I think I have 
cropt it in the bud. As you observe the dreadfull destruc- 
tion made on the Spanish flota will not facilitate payment 
for what Toby * has lodg'd in the Cadiz timber yards. 

T am heartily sorry for the indisposition of my friend, 
and I pray God you may outgrow it. Perhaps your good 
wishes for a happy session were something portentuous, 
for it has been hitherto according to my own heart, and 
every day has produc'd new mortification to the dying 
miscreants. The top bully of the party has been forc'd 
to run out of the House once & again in an abrupt manner 
as not able to bear being bang'd & bandy'd about from 
all quarters. I shall soon give this Assembly a recess for 
a month or two, and if you think best I will make a visset 
to N. Hamp as soon as an Assembly can be got ready. I 
am not much concern'd whether they will be good or bad, 
or whether they will do something or nothing. By 
coming I shall do my duty to the King, and be ready to 
do any good in my power to the Province. Pray consider 
whether my thought be not right & send me a writ to 
sign for a new Assembly, & I shall order the Leiu* Gov r to 
call a Council for their advice, which I believe must be 
done first. 

25 ult 1 I reed T Snelling Leiu Coll 11 Jo's & Cap* Husk's 

* Benning Wentworth. — Eds. 


mandamus 8 . This I have not mention 'd to any body, nor 
need you. Had I best send 'em or bring 'em with me ? 
which may be some surprize. I hear not a word of the 
suspended mandamus 8 . I am, Sir, 

Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 1, 1733. 


Gentlemen of the Council & House of Kepre- 
sen tvs . — I am very glad you have (after a struggle of 
near three years) now agreed in a bill to make provision 
for the payment of the publick debts. 

Upon reading it I observ'd something different from 
what had been heretofore in bills projected for this pur- 
pose, which put me upon asking the opinion of his 
Majesty's Council on the part I had to act in this matter, 
and you have it as follows : — 

Gent m of his Majesty's Council, — The bill for supply of the 
Treasury past in the House of Repr & unanimously agreed to by 
this Board has now been again deliberately read to you, together 
with his Majesty's royal instruction to me relating thereto, and 
I desire your answer (upon the oaths you have taken as Coun- 
cellors) to the following question, — 

" Whether the said bill be consistent with & agreeable to the 
Royal Charter, & conformable to his Majesty's royal instruction 
now read to you ? 

" These things I desire for my better satisfaction in proceeding 
on this important affair. 

Oct r si, 1733. j. Belcher. 

In Council, Oct' 31, 1733. 

Read & unanimously resolv'd in the affirmative. J. Willard, 
Sec r y. 

By this you will see, gent m , that his Majesty's Council 
(chosen by & among yourselves) are fully in opinion that 

* See note, ante, p. 396. — Eds. 


his Majesty's royal orders in this affair have been guided 
by his wonted wisdom & equity, since he requires nothing 
but what is consistent with & agreeable to the Koyal 
Charter. How much strife had it prevented, & how 
great a charge, and how happy had it been for this Pro- 
vince, if former Assemblies had come into the same wise 
& just way of thinking you are now fallen upon. 

Gentlemen", — I take very kindly your expressions of 
gratitude in return to my sincere endeavours for the true 
interest & service of this Province in the interview I had 
at Falmouth with the several tribes of Indians, and I am 
glad to tell you that I receive frequent accounts of our 
reaping the fruit of it in a firmer peace & friendship with 
those nations. 

Gent m of the House of Represent™, — I take notice 
you have been lately making provision for paying those 
to whom you have been indebted for some years past, 
and I cannot therefore avoid repeating what I have men- 
tion' d once & again respecting the orphans of your late 
Gov r (M r Burnett). You may remember there was a 
grant made him but a few dayes before his death of six 
thousand pounds for his past & future services. But it 
pleas' d Almighty God to take him out of the world after 
his being in the government about fourteen moneths, & 
even to that time he had an equitable claim to upwards 
three thousand three hundred pounds in proportion to the 
grant of the Assembly ; and the grant made him of £6000 
was an acknowledgment of monies justly due to him. I 
wou'd therefore, gent m , perswade myself that you will do 
what common justice obliges to in this case, and not suffer 
the orphan to cry out of wrong & oppression. But as I 
have never moved this matter before to this Assembly, 
I hope the mention of it now may be sufficient to prevent 
any further application in this reasonable affair ; and I 
can assure you that the doing it will have a good tendency 
to the establishing you in the royal grace & favour. 

400 the belcher papers. [1733. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Repr, — 
His Majesty's service in my other governm* will soon 
demand my attendance there, and I am sensible the affairs 
of the country gent m at this season may suffer by their 
being detain'd too long here. I shall therefore in a few 
dayes give the Court a recess, and shou'd be glad you 
wou'd in the mean time give dispatch to any affair you 
may think of immediate necessity for his Majesty's honour 
& service & for that of your country. 

J. B. 

Nov* 2, 1733. 


Hono ble Sir, — As you have the honour to preside at 
the Treasury Board, I think it my duty to acquaint your 
Honour that we have a port & a good harbour in this 
Province call'd Plimouth, about 40 miles southeast from 
this place, where is a considerable trade & resort of navi- 
gation, and the seacoast from Plimouth extends away 
southward near 100 miles in which compass there are a 
number of good towns & harbours, and the people there 
have apply'd to me for a King's Custom House to be 
erected at Plimouth, where there is the most trade of any 
in that part of the Province, and the inhabitants along 
that shore have thot it a great fatigue & inconvenience to 
come hither to enter & clear every vessel on that coast 
that goes upon a foreign voyage ; and since the act past 
the last session of Parliament respecting the sugar colo- 
nies, I have thot it wou'd not only be for the ease of his 
Majesty's subjects in those parts of this Province, but 
tend to the safety of his Majesty's revenue to have a 
Custom House settl'd at the town of Plimouth; otherwise 
T have good reason to think that harbour with many 
others near it will be made use of to elude the act prohi- 
biting trade with the French & other foreign colonies, and 


be made great use of to carry on illegal & clandestine 
trade, to the great damage of the Crown & of all fair 
traders. And if your Honour thinks what I have here 
mention'd may tend so much to his Majesty's service & 
honour as that it shou'd be determin'd to have a Custom 
House where I have mention'd, I wou'd humbly beg leave 
to represent the bearer, M r Charles Paxton,* as a gent m 
very capable of sustaining the office of Collector, Surveyor, 
& Searcher of his Majesty's customs in that place. He is 
the son of a gent m , who has had the honour to command 
several ships in his Majesty's navy, and is now advanc'd 
in years, and this young gent m is the main support of the 
family, & comes over on purpose to implore your Honour's 
favour & goodness in this matter, which, with great defer- 
ence, I may assure your Honour will be well bestow'd. I 
have no sort of interest in the thing, more than my zeal 
to his Majesty's service, and my inclination to serve those 
that are worthy of favour & help & that want it. 

Your Honour will please to pardon this interruption, & 
believe me to be with all possible duty & respect, Sir, 

Your most faithfull, most devoted & most humble 
servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 3, 1733. 

$J Shepherdson. The same (mutatis mutandis) to the Commiss rs of the 


Hono ble Sir, — I did myself the honour & pleasure of 
writing you about a month agoe. This now waits on 
you f> the hands of M r Cha s Paxton, to whom you was so 
good when I had the honour to see you at Whitehall as 
to procure him a commission to be Marshal of the Court 

* Forty years later Charles Paxton was one of the persons most obnoxious to the 
popular party in Massachusetts. In 1776 he was a Refugee; and in 1788 he died in 
England, at the age of 84. See Sabine's American Loyalists, vol. ii. pp. 153-155. — Eds. 



of Vice Admiralty here, which was an act of great good- 
ness & kindness in you, & which the father & son have 
often own'd with much gratitude. Since that, Sir, you 
will remember that Cap 1 Paxton (the father) has waited 
on you at London, and f> whom I had the honour of your 
lines, in which you exprest your inclination to serve this 
family if you had opportunity. You know Cap* Paxton 
is advanc'd in years, and that notwithstanding his being 
an old officer in the navy, yet cou'd not obtain to be upon 
the half-pay list. But the place you was pleas'd to bestow 
on the young gent m has been of late the main support of 
the family, for he is very good & dutifull to his parents. 
But his Marshal of Admiralty's place is hardly worth 
£40 st r a year. M r Paxton wou'd be glad of some other 
favour if it may be obtain'd, and therefore comes over on 
purpose to lay before the Lords of the Treasury a repre- 
sentation of the reasonableness & necessity of a Custom 
House to be fixt at the port of Plimouth about 40 miles 
from this town ; and I think it wou'd be so much for his 
Majesty's service as that I have given him my letters to 
S r Rob* Walpole & to the Commiss" of the Customs in 
this affair, and shou'd heartily rejoyce that he might 
obtain a warrant to be Collector, Surveyor & Searcher of 
that port, in which, as I know you are very capable of 
serving him, so I am sure Sir Charles Wager's candour & 
humanity will naturally lead him to do good to those that 
are worthy & want it ; and I think I may assure you, Sir, 
that this young gent m will not dishonour any respect you 
show him, and I pray you wou'd give me leave to hope 
for your countenance & assistance to him ; and in case he 
succeeds in this matter he proposes to quit his Marshal's 
place in the Court of Admiralty, as not consistent with 
his being a Custom House officer. I wou'd therefore ask 
leave to recommend to the R tfc Hono ble the Lords of the 
Admiralty Coll 11 Estes Hatch to succeed M r Paxton as 
Marshal of the Admiralty here. He is a gent m of good 


capacity & good figure in this place, & well qualify' d for 
that office, & one for whom I have a good respect & shou'd 
much esteem your favour to him in this matter. I have 
the honour to be with great regard, Sir, 

Your most faithfull & most humble servant. 

Boston, Nov 3, 1733. J- & 

$ Shepherdson. 


Sir, — My last was 4 ult 1 f Homans, since which I 
have yours f> Snelling of 27 Aug 8t , with my account cur", 
which I shall examine & finding right note in conformity. 
The young gent m at the Temple calls for a great deal of 
money. However, he is good & must have what's comfor- 
table & honourable, & in time he may be able to defrey 
his own expences. I see he is more complaisant to his 
uncle than to his father, for I cou'd n't perswade him to be 
content with his hair, tho' you have ; and I still think 
nothing will ever so well become him, and if he will be 
easy to wear it, tell him I am content he shou'd spend as 
much money to nourish and keep it in beautifull order as 
wou'd be the yearly charge of wigs ; yet if after all you 
find him unquiet let him have a wig. Thus you see, 
brother, how fond I am of a good boy. The matter of his 
looking towards the House of Commons seems (by all your 
late letters) to be laid aside ; if it be (upon the most 
mature consideration) thot best I am content, yet I shou'd 
be glad to know the final conclusion. I thank your care 
of the mandamus 8 T Snelling. They rise in the charge 
every time they are askt for. £33. 3. 4 is an excessive 
deal of money for such a trifle ; but the clerks are an 
arbitrary crew & do as they please, & there's no displeas- 
ing them. I know you alwayes do the best you can. I 
hope the last bill I sent you of Rob* Jacob's for £30 will 
be paid, and I suppose Mess" Goizins have remitted you 


50 or £60 more from Bristol since your acc tfc of 27 Aug si , 
and Cap fc Dicker who sails (first wind) carries them another 
small parcel of ore & so will Cap fc Atkinson, and I am 
promist a bill for you in about a month. I will be thot- 
full of getting out of your debt as fast as possible. I wish 
you wou'd watch opportunities to draw on me here. 

Your mother & sister send their kind love & thanks for 
the linnen. If the bond for £2000 be of no service, I 
desire it may be cut in two peices, & return'd me by two 
several ships. 

I observe what you say about M r Pepys ; that was part 
of the money I sent John Caswall, and which I have not 
yet reed here, and the affairs of the governm* have run 
so cross ever since my arrival that I have not been able 
to do as I wou'd. I am wholly out of all trade, & it's 
very difficult to get bills here, but I will take care about 
it as soon as possible. 

Since you cannot get me a handsome letter from D. N. 
Castle or E. Wilmington, I must be content, and am 
pleas'd that my administration is so well approv'd by the 
King's ministers. By what you write I am afraid I must 
wait 'till the spring for leave to take the last grant made 
me by the Assembly, which is cruel hard. I am very 
thankfull for your care in the matter, and owe a great 
deal of duty to my Lord President that he is so well- 
dispos'd to serve me, and I am also much oblig'd to our 
good friend M r W m Sharp that he is so much in my inter- 
est. I pray you not to leave pressing 'till you get the 
leave, & let me have the earliest advice you can of its 
being done. M r Gatcomb will advise you that I have 
paid him your bill of £350. 

As to what I wrote you about a report of an Irish Lord, 
Coll 11 Dunbar, &c ft , I am apt to think it was groundless. 
Yet it will be best to have a constant sharp look out. 
It's impossible to be a Gov r & not to have enemies ; 
malice, hatred, & envy will work. M r Craddock (a pas- 


senger in Shepherdson) & related to me by marriage, * I 
expect will do me all the ill offices in his power when he 
gets home, tho' I never gave him the least reason. He is 
a close friend of Dunbar's, and wou'd be much pleas' d 
that he might be Gov r . You must watch this spark, & 
not let him know you understand his inclinations. 

I have with a great deal of patience, and with all the 
reason & rhetorick I am master of, at last perswaded this 
Assembly to be dutifull to his Majesty in supplying the 
Treasury, agreeable to the Charter & conformable to the 
King's royal orders. This has been a long smart battle, 
and to his Majesty's honour in the end, tho 7 his Gov r has 
had a hard task of it, & often threatn'd to be starv'd be- 
cause he wou'd n't break the King's orders. I am heartily 
glad it is over, and I hope this Province will live in more 
peace for the future. I have also obtain'd £3000 for 
Gov r Burnet's children, on which head I had a special 
order from the King when I came over. These things I 
hope will be well accepted, and give the Gov r a good 
reputation with the King & his ministers. If there shou'd 
at any time attempts be made to my prejudice, you & 
Jonathan must stirr up all the force you can to baffle 'em. 
To send over a new Gov r hither wou'd give the ministry 
a vast deal of trouble & vexation; & it wou'd be highly 
dishonourable and the most cruel injustice to me that 
cou'd be acted, but I don't suppose they can possibly enter- 
tain any such thoughts. Yet it will be well to be often 
at the offices, and to be prudently learning what passes. 
I am very uneasy about Ben. Pemberton's getting the 
Naval Office from me, and must in proper time endeavour 
to have it restor'd. You will carefully look over all T 
wrote sp Homans, & do in every thing what you think 
most for my service. I am with much respect, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Bost on, Nov 5, 1733. 

* George Cradock married the sister of Byfield Lyde, Governor Belcher's son-in-law. 
He came to Massachusetts from England, and held various public offices here. He died in 
Boston June 26, 1771, aged 87. See N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. viii. pp. 27, 28. — Eds. 


The Assembly here is just upon rising & puts me into 
a great hurry that I am not able to write to the Sec ry of 
State or to y e Lords of Trade ; but must pray you to give 
my duty to them with the inclos'd Journals, & T the next 
ship I shall write them fully of what has past in this 
session of the General Assembly. 

$ Shepherdson. 


Gentlemen of the Council & House of Repres TV3 . 
— The Secretary has laid before me the Vote of the 
Hono ble his Majesty's Council, concurr'd by the House of 
Repr, upon a Report made by the Committee order'd to 
make enquiry into the state of the late emission of bills 
of credit made by the Colony of Rh d Island, as also into 
the nature of bills or notes of credit projected to be 
made & emitted by a number of merchants & traders of 
the town of Boston, the result of which enquiry is, to 
desire me to issue a proclamation to discourage the cur- 
rency of the s d Rh d Island bills. t But I think it cannot 
be reasonably expected I shou'd issue such a proclamation, 
which wou'd have a tendency to encourage the emission 
of those private bills of credit before the nature of their 
scheme has been laid before this Court. And I think it 
proper further to observe to you that for me to coun- 
tenance any such emission wou'd be a breach of his 
Majesty's royal orders to me forbidding my consent to an 
emission of more bills of credit than <£30,000 at one & 
the same time ; and I believe every one that considers it 
must think it wou'd be an extraordinary thing for any 

* See note, ante, p. 396. —Eds. 

t In the New-England Weekly Journal of November 12 is a preamble and declaration 
signed by one hundred and one prominent citizens, to the effect that "we whose Names 
are hereunto Subscribed, Publickly Declare and Promise That we will not receive or take 
any of the said Rhode-Island New Bills in Payment of any Debt already due, or by way 
of Barter or Exchange of any Goods, Merchandize or other thing whatsoever." —Eds. 


number of private persons to issue such notes before they 
have obtain' d leave from the government for their pro- 
ceeding in an affair which wou'd so much affect all the 
estates & trade of this Province. 

J. B. 

Nov r 7, 1733. 


May it please your Grace, — I had the honour to 
address your Grace the 4 of the last moneth on the affairs 
of this Province ; since which I have labour'd by patience 
and all other wayes I was master of to bring this Assem- 
bly to a sense of their duty to his Majesty, and they have 
at last comply' d with the King's royal orders respecting 
the supply of the Treasury, as well as done something 
that carries the face of justice towards the orphans of 
their late Gov r (M r Burnet) in a grant of £3000 of this 
currency. It does not indeed come full up to what they 
owe those children, yet their guardians desir'd me to sign 
the grant for the security of this sum, and they hope to 
find a good opportunity to apply for more hereafter. I 
have also prevail' d with them to take under their care 
the fort and settlements in & about Pemaquid. Altho' 
there have been repeated orders from the Crown to this 
government for more than 30 years past to support a fort 
at Pemaquid, yet no former Gov r has been able to prevail 
with them on this head. Your Grace will find by the 
inclosed Journals that the Assembly have desir'd me to 
make an exchange of a fort at a place called Winter 
Harbour for that at Pemaquid. When I was last year in 
the eastern parts of this Province viewing & surveying 

* The same letter, mutatis mutandis, was sent to the Earl of Wilmington and to the 
Lords of Trade. The duplicate to the latter has the following postscript: " My Lords, — 
After closing my letter the gent m concern'd in the emission of the £110,000 I have men- 
tion'd brought me their scheme, with the securities they propose for it, and the form of the 
notes they intend to circulate, all which I have now the honour to inclose to your Lord- 
ships for your inspection & remarks." — Eds. 


the country & forts there, I determin'd the fort at Winter 
Harbour to be of little or no service to his Majesty or his 
people, but rather an unnecessary charge, and so it is 
esteem'd by most thinking people that understand the 
state & interest of this Province. I shall therefore order 
the officers & men with the artillery & other stores to be 
remov'd from Fort Mary at Winter Harbour to Frederick's 
Fort at Pemaquid. By the present supply of the Treas- 
ury the officers & men in his Majesty's several forts & 
garrisons of the Province receive their pay, as well as all 
others to whom the Province has been so long indebted. 

I have, my Lord Duke, had an inconcievable deal of 
trouble from my arrival in the governm* to this time 
by the violent opposition (I may say obstinacy) of the 
several Assemblies to his Majesty's just and reasonable 
orders, and have been often threatn'd by some leading 
men that I shou'd not have any support, unless I wou'd 
sign a bill for supplying the Treasury contrary to the 
King's royal instructions. And I have been oblig'd ever 
since my being here to live sometimes 12, sometimes 18 
moneths on my own fortune to support myself in the 
defence of the King's honour, and I am glad after all 
that I have been able to accomplish the several articles 
I have mention' d, because it does honour to his Majesty, 
and I am also satisfy'd they are things that will greatly 
contribute to the service and interest of the people. The 
great dispute respecting the supply of the Treasury being 
got over in the manner it is will very much strengthen 
the King's government here, and make this Province 
more dependent (as it ought to be) on its mother country. 
For while the House of Repr had the power of forbidding 
the payment of half a crown 'till they had in a formal 
manner examin'd & past upon the account, it gave them 
an unequal balance in all matters of governm'. But at 
present the Assembly seems to be growing more dutifull 
to the King & inclin'd that the affairs of the govern- 


ment shou'd run in their proper channels, and I hope 
they will more & more fall into this reasonable way of 
thinking, since they constantly find they are not able 
to move me from a strict obedience & adherence to his 
Majesty's royal orders. The Assembly has not yet made 
provision for the repairs of the several fortifications. It 
being a busy season they were desirous of a recess ; so I 
have adjourned them to the 24 of Janu a next, and I shall 
take such an opportunity as I may judge most convenient 
to urge upon them a work so necessary to his Majesty's 
honour and to the safety of his people. But I am appre- 
hensive of some dispute arising in this matter, because 
I find in the Charter granted by the Crown to this Prov- 
ince, thus, " That the Gov r of our said Province shall 
have full power from time to time to erect forts & to 
fortifie any place or places within our said Province or 
territory, and the same to furnish with all necessary 
ammunition, &c a , and the said forts to demolish at pleas- 
ure." Notwithstanding this it has been formerly usual 
for the Assemblies here to appoint such a committee as 
they have thought proper' to look after the building & 
repairs of forts. But, may it please your Grace, I think 
their assuming such a power is unwarrantable & deroga- 
tory to his Majesty's honour, and by the late unreasonable 
disputes the Assembly has been so fond of, your Grace, 
I believe, will not think it convenient to allow their 
incroaching on his Majesty's prerogative, especially since 
nothing can be more plain & clear by the Charter, than 
that the King has reserv'd to himself (by his Gov r ) the 
erecting & demolishing of all forts, &c a . But that I may 
the better support the King's authority, I shou'd greatly 
esteem the honour of his Majesty's special direction on 
this head. 

I am in the next place, may it please your Grace, to 
acquaint you that upon a late emission made of bills 
of credit by the Colony of Rhoad Island of upwards 



£100,000 to circulate in this & the neighbouring pro- 
vinces, and which it is judg'd may greatly hurt the estates 
& trade of his Majesty's subjects, as well of Great Britain 
as these provinces by inhancing the prices of all things 
exported hence in return for British manufactures, a num- 
ber of merchants & traders in this town, as they say, 
to prevent the depreciating the bills of this Province, at 
present the only medium of trade, by suffering a flood 
of the bills of Rh d Island to pass here, have met once & 
again, & are associated to circulate their notes in lieu of 
money to the value of £110,000. The liberty which the 
little Colony of Rh d Island has taken from time to time of 
striking & issuing such large sums of bills of credit has 
been undoubtedly a great loss & damage to the trade of 
Great Britain in these provinces, as well as to the inhabi- 
tants here. Indeed, the issuing of bills of credit, in the 
manner as has been practis'd in these northern colonies for 
many years past, has prov'd a publick cheat & fraud ; and 
altho' this Province & N w Hampshire are restrain'd, yet 
while Rhoad Island & others are not, the intention of his 
Majesty's wise orders to me are eluded, and the mischiefs 
arising from such vile bills of credit are still increast. 

I further think it my duty to represent to your Grace 
the hazards & inconveniencies that may arise to his 
Majesty's government & to his people here shou'd a num- 
ber of private gent m presume to circulate bills of credit in 
lieu of money before they have laid their scheme before 
his Majesty or before his government here. I understand 
they have sent their scheme to the agent of this Province 
to be laid before your Grace & the rest of the King's 
ministers, in order to obtain an instruction to me to 
incourage their establishment. But with great deference 
to your Grace, if it shou'd be thot convenient or necessary 
to have such a circulation of notes, it must, I think, tend 
most to his Majesty's honour & service, and to the safety 
& peace of his government, that the consideration of it be 

1733.] TO WILLIAM SHARP. 411 

referr'd to the Legislature here, to judge whether it may 
be prudent to suffer such an affair to take place, and if so, 
that it be subjected in all its parts to the King's govern- 
ment here ; and since what they are upon seems to clash 
with his Majesty's royal orders to me expressly forbidding 
the issuing of more than £30,000 in any sort of bills of 
credit at one and the same time, and that only to defrey 
the charge of the government, and this is a matter, which 
may in its consequences so greatly affect his Majesty's 
government and all the estates & trade of his subjects in 
this Province, I have thought myself oblig'd in duty to 
the King, and from a just regard to his subjects under my 
care, thus to represent the matter to your Grace, which 
with all duty & deference is submitted to his Majesty's 
wise consideration. 

I take leave to cover to your Grace the grant to 
Gov r Burnet's children, and the vote about the fort a 

The Assembly of this Province being risen, I intend 
some time the next moneth to meet the Assembly in my 
other government of New Hampshire, where I shall be 
glad to do every thing in my power to promote the 
King's honour & service, and the good & welfare of his 
people there. 

I have the honour to be, with all possible duty & 
respect, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most faithfull & most devoted humble 
servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 13, 1733. 

$ Bonner. Winslow. 


Sir, — I did myself the honour of writing you the 5 th 
of last moneth, and I am now glad to tell my friend that 

* Substantially the same letter, with some characteristic variations, was sent to Mr. De 
la Faye and Mr. Popple under the same date. Mr. Sharp was clerk of the Privy Council. 


the late sitting of the General Assembly here has turn'd 
out to his Majesty's honour by their complying with his 
royal orders, in the manner of supplying the Treasury; in 
paying the late Gov r Burnet's children ; & in the support- 
ing a fort at Pemaquid. It is a great pleasure to me that 
I have been so happy as to accomplish these points ; and 
the affair of the Treasury passing as it has will add great 
strength to the King's authority in this Province ; for while 
every acc tfc to the petite sum of 2/6 was in a solemn manner 
to be examin'd & allow'd by the House of Repr before it 
cou'd be paid, it gave them an unreasonable over-balance 
in all the affairs of the government, and naturally led 
them to fancy they were almost independent. I have 
done myself the honour of writing my Lord President T 
this conveyance on all the affairs of the government, in 
which I have had vast trouble & fatigue ever since my 
arrival. But I hope things are now getting into their 
proper channels, and may give me some little ease in my 
future administration, since the Assembly are convinc'd 
that nothing will move the Gov r from his duty in a strict 
adherence to his master's royal orders. As I am a native 
of this country, and have been for 15 years past concern'd 
in the government, I don't suppose his Majesty cou'd have 
committed his royal commission to any gent m besides that 
cou'd have manag'd so stiffe a people as these are ; but I 
am so well knowing of their humour & circumstances that 
they have not been able to impose upon me, or to make 
those evasions they might have done with a stranger. 

1 have been all along, and am now oblig'd to live 12 or 
18 months without a farthing support either from the 
King or the people, and to be spending my own fortune 
while in defence of the King's honour, which is hard upon 
me. Yet I hope from the justice of his Majesty & his 
ministers my services will alwayes have their due weight 
& consideration. Altho' the King's orders are that my 
salary shou'd be £1000 st r a year, yet I assure you, Sir, 

1733.] TO WILLIAM SHARP. 413 

the yearly grant the Assembly makes me don't amount 
to .£800, besides the interest of my own money, and the 
charge of solliciting for leave before I can receive my 
money, that my salary does not really support my family. 
This I mention to you as my friend, because I think I 
have been severely treated by the impetuous application 
of one Pemberton, who arriv'd here a little while ago 
with his Majesty's order to me to appoint him Clerk of 
the Naval Office. Altho' the King's ministers knew this 
order was repugnant to an act of Parliament which con- 
stitutes the Gov r Naval Officer, and the King's commission 
to me sayes, I shall enjoy all profits & perquisites of my 
station, of which the Naval Office is one of the best ; yet 
I say this man has obtain'd such an order, and to which I 
have paid due obedience by comissionating him to that 
office, and at same time putting my son out of it, which 
I am sure every gent m must think hard & discouraging to 
the King's faithfull servant. I say to be oblig'd to take 
bread from his own family & to give to a stranger, and 
what makes me still more concern'd is, that I am told my 
worthy friend M r De la Faye gave his helping hand to 
procure this order upon me, which I flatter myself he 
wou'd not have done, if he had thoroly weighed what I 
now write, and I hope the King's ministers will in a little 
time think it reasonable to have that office restor'd to 
me, of which I now write M r De la Faye, and pray 
you to speak to him in the matter, and to assist in my 
recovering it. 

I pray you, Sir, to endeavour with my Lord President 
that the order of leave for taking the last grant made me 
by the Assembly may have dispatch, and if possible that 
it might be general for the future, provided the grant 
shou'd not run lower than £3000. Such an order wou'd 
save me the hazard of losing any grant in case of my 
mortality, as well as the hardship & charge of spending 
my own money and solliciting from year to year for leave 


to take my just due; and such a general order wou'd 
doubtless be more for his Majesty's honour than that he 
shou'd be constantly repeating his orders. I pray you, 
Sir, to consider this, and to take a proper juncture to 
represent it to my Lord President; and now I wish it 
was possible for me to oblige you here in any acceptable 
manner, whereby to demonstrate with how great a respect 
I am, dear Sir, 

Your faithfull friend & most obedient servant. 

Boston, Nov 13, 1733. J. B. 

$J Bonner. 


Hono ble Sir, — I have your favours of 9 & 12 psent f 
the post & carrier, and for the reasons in your first I 
declin'd sending the writt for a new Assembly f> the 
post, and by both your letters you seem to incline to my 
being at N w Hampshire in Janu a , and if so why not Feb r , 
according to what I wrote you 2 or 3 moneths agoe ? I 
shall then have a year's salary due to me, and I suppose 
there will be a Superiour Court and the tryal of Atkinson's 
case by appeal, and which may perhaps by one party or 
the other finally be brought before the Gov r & Council. 
Pray take care the Attorney Gen 11 does his duty, & not 
slip the appeal. Besides if I come in Feb r it serves for 
the spring session, and saves a journey of 80 or £90. 
Consider all these things, and let me know your sedate 
thoughts, by which I shall much govern myself. You 
say you long to hear my resolution, which you have had 
long since, that I am alwayes ready when among you 
you determine when it may be best, to which my con- 
veniency shall be conform'd. You must also remember 
the Gen 11 Court is to sit here again 24 Janu a . But after 
all I will come or stay to such time as my friends may 
conclude may be best for the Loo. What can I say more ? 

Give my service to L" Coll 11 J. Sherburne & Cap* E. 


Huske, and tell 'em I have reed their mandamus 8 to be of 
his Majesty's Council for N w Hampshire, & will bring 
them when I come, or send them if they desire it, and 
that I expect they each of them write me on this head. 

Have you any ground to think Rindge & the Cadix 
pedlar # will be gone quickley ? I have heard something 
of the latter, but nothing of the former. I can assure 
you the story of the £3000 is false. 

Mons r can turn into any shape to serve his turn. Doubt- 
less I shall hear IP the post why the Council was delay'd 
till Tuesday. I fancy the Indian peace seems to be growing 
almost to a rupture, nor is our correspondence so regular 
as in time past. The late idol of the mob f by his close ac- 
quaintance with Sancho | seems to have rivall'd the Gov r ' 8 
interest. Content. You say there is constant plotting & 
caballing with you. So there is here ; and you are right 
that it 's all levell'd against the poor Gov r . My late re- 
due'd kinsman is gone home T Shepherdson full of wrath 
against the Gov r , and the fuddling Sunk Fool I am told sets 
out to Portsm Munday next to make affidavits against the 
Gov r under the seal of the Province, and his boye has 
been with you some time, to pave the way for his recep- 
tion with Mons r , who I suppose will meet him at the Line. 
tempora ! mores ! I shall give the boy his quietus 
very soon. Thus you see the Gov r is besieg'd & attackt 
from different quarters. Mais courage, mon ami. King 
William's advice to his Parliament at a difficult juncture 
was, Steady ! Steady ! That must be the likeliest way to 
save the ship in a storm, & to bring her safe to anchor. 

With my best compliments to Mad m Waldron, I remain, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 16, 1733. 

I return the 3 lines you reed about the proclamation. 


* B. W. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. f Cook. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

% Dunbar. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 



Sir, — Notwithstanding the apronfull of letters, I shou'd 
not now have wrote in answer to yours of 16 psent had 
not Hamerden arriv'd yesterday & brought me several 
packetts from Whitehall, where all is well with the Gov r . 
In my long letter from Lords of Trade, among many other 
handsome things, they say, " The sense exprest by you 
in all your letters to us, as well as in all your speeches 
to the Assembly upon their late extraordinary behaviour, 
wants no approbation from us, since it has already met 
with that of the Parliam fc of G* Britain." I thank God 
M r Belcher is in good esteem, and stands fair to do honour 
to his country, his friends & himself. 

War is proclaim'd by the French King against the 
Emperour. The Czarina has enter'd Poland, even its capi- 
tal (Warsaw) with a powerfull army, and the new King of 
Poland with the primate have left the Kingdom ; and the 
French have attackt the Eraperour's territories in Italy, 
and there are great fears that the present flame will 
overspread all Europe, and what will come of this poor 
country, God only knows, for we are in a wretched pos- 
ture of defence. 

I observe his Hon r was desirous to squeeze out your 
private opinion. He has once & again mention'd the case 
of Ireland to me ; but I never allow'd it to be a parallel, 
nor shall anything determine the dispute but the King's 
sign manual & signet. He was doubtless afraid to ask 
your opinion in Council, lest it shou'd be against him. 
Pray tell me whether Gov r Shute & Burnet did not order 
the late Leiu* Gov r to issue all proclamations in their 

Altho' I hear not a syllable about the suspended man- 
damus 8 , yet I am inclin'd to give orders for their 
admission and for Sherburne & Husk at same time ; and 
this I can do without sending the mandamus 8 ; they may 


remain with me ; for my warrant & my order to the Leiu* 
Gov r will be sufficient for him. Think of what I say. 
Perhaps some handle may be made of keeping the Coun- 
cil so thin and the mandamus 8 dormant, especially upon 
so great an event, as I have told you seems to be at 
the door. My friends write me there is sad destruction 
among the merchants at London for want of remisses 
from Spain, thro' the loss of the flota, and if to this 
shou'd be added a war with Spain, poor Pilgarlic * will 
stay long enough for a return of his Cadix cargoes. 
Mons r writes me with great complaisance, and that he 
shall do himself the honour to meet me ; yet I still 
think (if you do) that Feb r may be best. I am, Sir, 

Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 19, 1733. 

My order only, I say, will be sufficient for swearing in 
the Councellors. Altho' the Lords of Trade say nothing 
of the suspension, yet they make out to me a list of 
Councellors & put their names among the rest, and since 
we have the two new ones we shall doubtless be strong 
enough on any occasion ; and as W. is going away, and I 
am told A. will not accept, I think it's best to do it, lest 
a handle be made of it at any unlucky juncture. 

J. B. 



Sir, — Altho' I have lately done myself the honour of 
writing S r Charles Wager pretty largely, yet I hope your 
goodness will forgive this repeated trouble, which arises 
first of all from my love to my country, and next from 
the great value & esteem I have for Cap* Durell, and I 
humbly thank S r C. Wager with the rest of the Lords of 

* B. W. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belhnap. 


the Admiralty for his appointment to this station, where 
he has constantly behav'd so as to give great content to 
the government and to the trade of the country, having 
constantly kept his ship in a readiness as well as himself 
for any emergency that might offer. He is a gent m of so 
much vertue, & so much good sense, as well as of such 
particular knowledge of all our coast & harbours, that I 
am sure it wou'd be highly obliging to this government & 
to the people in general that your Hono ble Board wou'd 
lengthen out his station with us. I think no gent m can 
manage the expence on his ship with greater frugality. 

By the last advices from London I find the French 
King has declar'd war with the Emperour, in which if 
G* Britain shou'd be finally involv'd I believe the King's 
ministers wou'd judge it absolutely necessary for the 
safety of his Majesty's government & people that there 
shou'd be station'd at this place, besides the small ship 
now here a 50 & a 60 gun ship. As the French are very 
strong at Cape Breton all the British trade will otherwise 
immediately become a prey to them ; and if some better 
ships come I have no doubt but Cap* Durell's great merit 
will have its just weight with the Lords of the Admiralty, 
that (if his rank allows it) he may make his election 
which of the ships to command. 

I have, Sir Charles, for 30 years past been agent at one 
time & another both for supply of the victualling & navy 
stores to the King's ships that have come hither, and 
have crost the seas in several men of war, and by this 
means I have had an acquaintance with a great number 
of the sea officers, and by the best observation I have been 
able to make, Cap* Durell appears to me an extraordinary 
officer and a good seaman ; and had I a son to bring into 
the sea service, I wou'd choose him for his tutour, for his 
knowledge & delight seems to be much in the mathema- 
ticks in general, and in navigation, surveying, draughts, 
&c a , in particular, and he must be a blockhead or an 


idle fellow that don't profit under the advantage of his 
ingenuity & instruction. I say, I think the King has few 
eap ts so equal to all the services of the navy. I heartily 
wish his station here may be renew'd. I ask pardon for 
this freedom, and have the honour to be with all possible 
respect, Hono ble Sir, 

Your most faithfull & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov 20, 1733. 
$ Bonner. 


Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of 2 ult 1 with a power 
from the K tfc Hono ble the Lords of the Admiralty for admin- 
istering the oaths to those that may be appointed by 
their Lordships to be officers of the Admiralty Court here ; 
and altho' it's said Given under the seal of the office, the 
seal is omitted which seems to be essential if such a dele- 
gation to me be necessary, which with deference to their 
Lordships I think is not, since his Majesty in his royal 
commission & instructions to me (as his Gov T ) has specially 
commanded me to take care that the proper oaths be 
administer'd to all persons who have patents, commissions, 
or warrants under the Crown in my governments before 
they are admitted into their offices ; and I have accord- 
ingly administer'd the oaths to Kob* Auchmuty, Esq., and 
deliver'd him the comission I have reed from their Lord- 
ships to be Judge of the Vice Admiralty in New England, 
and now inclose you his subscription to the oaths with my 
certificate relating thereto, and again thank their Lord- 
ships for the honour they have done me in M r Auchmuty's 
appointment, as well as in the justice to his Majesty and 
to that gent m , whose capacity is equal to the service the 
King has call'd him to, and in which I have no doubt but 
he will discharge himself with great honour & integrity. 


I am in the next place to mention to M r Burchett Cap* 
Durell of the Scarboro', and shou'd much esteem your 
interest & favour, and so wou'd this whole country, that 
his station here might be lengthen'd, having well behav'd 
in all respects, and kept himself & his ship in a constant 
readiness for any emergency that might offer, nor can 
any gent m handle his royal master's money with greater 
frugality. And your little grandson M r Hardy has in Cap* 
Durell a fine tutour, & I am glad to say to M r Burchett 
that the young gent m is smart & manly, diligent in his 
business, and I think will make a pretty officer in time. 
As the ship must be ashore the winter season I have told 
Master Hardy he shall be welcome to make my house a 
home ; he comes now & then & eats with us, and I assure 
you, Sir, I am proud of the opportunity of showing any 
respect to a limb of M r Burchett, and have the honour to 
be with great respect to the R" Hono ble the Lords of the 
Admiralty & to yourself, Hono ble Sir, 

Y r most faithfull & most obedient servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov 20, 1733. 
# Bonner. 


Most honoured Lord, — By the last ship from London 
I am honour'd with your Lordships letter of 23 Sept r , and 
I take a particular notice of every particular paragraph 
& line of it. Cap* Durell met with such rough treatment 
in his convoy the last winter to Tortuga (tho' he behav'd 
so gallantly & well) as that he has thought it most for 
liis Majesty's honour and for the service of the trade to 
lay the Scarboro' by the walls this winter, and while the 
ship is so destin'd, I have askt (nay, commanded) your 
son, the Hono ble M r Townshend, to eat & lodge with me ; 

1733.] TO LORD TOWNSHEND. 421 

in short, to make my house his father's, and he is so good 
as to accept it.* 

Your Lordship's thoughts are wise & good with respect 
to children (with great deference to your Lordship), I 
have thought myself oblig'd in duty & gratitude to such 
a disinterested & noble patron as your Lordship has 
been to poor me, to be saying once & again to M r Towns- 
hend something of the nature your Lordship has hinted. 
I really take him to be a young gent m of vertue and of 
an ingennuous temper, and (with the necessary applica- 
tion) may in time make a good officer, and your Lordship's 
thoughts to me are so finely digested, that it was impos- 
sible to read him a lecture to greater advantage than in 
your Lordship's own words, and I have therefore commu- 
nicated your letter to him, and with your Lordship's leave, 
I shall go on to use M r Townshend in the same manner 
(with all the good manners I am master of) as I wou'd a 
son of my own, and endeavour that he may sedulously 
apply himself to his learning. He has a happy oppor- 
tunity of becoming an accomplisht officer & a good sea- 
man under one of the best of tutours, in which your 
Lordship has made a consummate judgment. Altho' it's 
bold in me to say, yet I think his Majesty has not a 
gent m (for his standing) in his navy service that exceeds 
Cap* Durell ; for his good vertue, good sense & temper, 
his knowledge of men & things is extensive, but more 
particularly in the mathematicks, as navigation, and in 
surveying, drafting, &c a . And his bravery as an officer 

* Mr. Townshend, who was an officer on board of the ship "Scarborough," was in 
Boston more than once, and attended the Commencement at Harvard College in the pre- 
ceding June. " Cambridge, June 30, 1733. Yesterday was the Commencement, at which 
His Excellency the Governouk was present, being attended by a number of the King's 
Officers, and Col. Hatch's Troop of Guards; His Excellency brought with Him in his 
Chariot the Honourable Mr. George Townshend Son to the Right Honourable the Lord 
Viscount Townshend, and Nephew to the Right Honourable Sir Robert Walpole." 
(See The New-England Weekly Journal, July 2, 1733.) He was at this time in his seven- 
teenth year. He rose to the rank of Admiral in the British navy, and died unmarried in 
1769. He was an uncle of Gen. George Townshend, who served under Wolfe at Quebec. 
— Eds. 


cou'd never be call'd in question ; and if ever any under 
his care finds fault I am sure it must arise from his gene- 
rosity & goodness, that he wou'd have them diligently 
apply themselves, and thereby know more than he does 
himself, and so become an honour to their friends, to 
themselves & to him. 

As I understand Lady Dolly keeps a pretty regular 
correspondence with the Hono ble M r Townshend, if your 
Lordship will allow me, and she will admit of the trouble 
(from an old man), I will do myself the honour to write 
her respecting a brother whom I find she is fond of, and 
if any thing happens worth your Lordship's notice she 
will dutifully observe it to your Lordship. 

I ask ten thousand pardons for this great freedom, and 
beg the honour of being, with all possible duty & respect, 
my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull, most devoted & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 20, 1733. 

As my letters go to the care of my son at the Temple, 
M r Townshend puts his letter for your Lordship into mine 
for the safer conveyance. 

$ Bonner. 


Hono ble Sir, — I was duly favour'd with yours of 16 
psent T the post. On enquiry you might have found the 
order I gave about the proclamation was not new, but 
what my predecessors had done before me ; yet if any of 
them have at any time (thro' indolence or any other 
views) given the King's authority out of their own hands, 
I can by no means think it proper to choose such cases or 
persons for my presidents. Since I settl'd the militia in 
this Province I have never troubl'd my head when the 

1733.] TO DAVID DUNBAR. 423 

field officers have order' d regimental musters, or the pri- 
vate cap ts their companys ; nor in this town have I known 
when they have been, but by the drums in the street, 
except my being one day invited to dinner by the Coll 11 of 
this town regim fc when the commissions were first publisht. 
This I write that you mayn't imagine what you mention 
to be any design'd neglect. You very well know the 
militia is not of the nature of regular troops ; nor do 
all the people in the country understand the pink of good 

As to the different wayes your Honour & I have of 
thinking on the right of command, when his Majesty 
shall please to decide that matter and his royal orders 
appear, I am sure I shall conform myself to them, and 
so will you undoubtedly. 

In several of your former letters you seem'd to express 
a great concern that this government wou'd take care of 
the fort & settlements at Pemaquid, and to induce them 
thereto desir'd I wou'd lay your letters to me of Aug st 10 
& Sept r 29 before the Assembly, which I did, and again 
29 ult 1 you say, " And that I was to go to Frederick's 
Fort I shou'd not doubt keeping the Indians from break- 
ing with us, but I hope your Assembly will do it more 
effectually." And I think you thankt me for pressing 
the matter upon them, and in one of your letters it seem'd 
to be a thing pretty near your heart, where you say, " I 
shall ever reckon it related to me " ; and 29 Sep tr you 
seem to fear what constructions may be put upon this 
Assembly's neglect of that place. I hope therefore you 
now rejoyce with me in the good success of my earnest 
recommendations, and that this Assembly are (tho' late) 
come to a sense of their duty to his Majesty in this as 
well as in some other important affairs ; yet you happen 
to omit taking notice of that part of my last letter. 

I think to be at Portsmouth the next moneth, and shall 
endeavour to let you know the day I intend to set out 


from hence, and whether one of the troops shall meet 
me. What I said to Cap fc Temple was from what your 
brother desir'd of me last winter, and when Judge Auch- 
muty went last I bid him hint it to you. I am sorry you 
shou'd drop any thing that borders on dispute. You say, 
" If your Exe cy is never out of it, I wonder any shou'd 
wait for your coming." In answer to that, I again tell 
your Hon r that I am alwayes in New Hampshire when in 
the Massachusetts, yet there may be a great many reasons 
why no one wou'd take the same liberty with you, when 
the Gov r & Commander in Chief is 66 miles distant from 
you, as they might do if we were personally present with 
each other. But to wave this unpleasant theme, I do 
assure you, Sir, I am glad to understand from you & 
Cap* Temple that your affairs are in such a situation as 
that you hope suddenly to have it in your power to act 
your inclinations. The story you mention of two years 
ago I am wholly a stranger to, nor do I at all understand 
what you mean by saying, " I cannot bring myself to 
believe that your Ex cy wou'd be privy to such an act " ; 
and again, I don't know the meaning of those words, 
" All I desire of you is your opinion of the matter.' ' Of 
what matter is it that you desire my opinion ? As to the 
last clause of your letter, I am surpriz'd at it, " And that 
you will not suffer me to put myself in the way of an 
affront, &c\" I have wrote you once & again I am no 
lawyer, I am the King's Gov r , and it's not in my power 
to supersede the law or to controul the officers of justice. 
I have long since given an acc tfc home that the Leiu* Gov r 
& I had got to a good understanding & a friendly corre- 
spondence, and that I wou'd endeavour it shou'd not be 
my fault if ever it shou'd be otherwise. You must not 
imagine that I am a stranger to the manner of conversa- 
tion of some people, or to the vile invectives spit out by 
those idle people who have little else to employ their time 
in ; nor am I ignorant of the consultations & contrivances 


nor of the volumns of letters constantly going home from 
Portsmouth to endeavour to hurt the Gov r . Yet, as I 
wrote you two years ago, I have no great concern about 
my enemies, if the Devil does not furnish them with art 
enough to palm lyes for truth ; hitherto he has only made 
'em his dupes in such silly attempts. But after all let the 
insinuations of those animals be as they will, I protest to 
you, Sir, I will alwayes treat you as a gent m , and will do 
what's proper on my part that every one under me may 
do the same ; nor will I suffer you to put yourself in the 
way of an affront, if it falls in my power to have you 
avoid it. I have almost tir'd myself (as I am afraid you 
will be) with this long letter, which you'll pardon, since 
you have not lately had the trouble of any from me. I 
remain with much respect, Sir, 

Your Honour's most obedient humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov r 21, 1733. 



Hono ble Sir, — I have re'd over yours of 23 psent with 
deliberation, and now inclose the writt for a new Assembly, 
with my name to a blank sheet, to which you may draw 
another, if I have made any mistake in filling the blanks 
of this, for I don't perfectly understand those words, 
" That the day for the Assembly's meeting be 25 Dec r , 
and then there will be but one day for all the elections." 
It may be so, but I desire you to explain how it will be so. 
For I had rather set the meeting of the Court to some other 
day than Christmas Day, because it looks like an affront to 
the C hh to be doing business on their most sacred day, and 
since there is no intention of giving them disgust, why 
shou'd it not be avoided, if it can conveniently, and why 
may not 26 or 27 do as well ? Yet if you think it best, 
I am content to set the Court to that day, and will 



endeavour to be with you the Saturday before ; but unless 
you can give some uncommon reason, I don't see why I 
shou'd go out of the stated method of putting my coining 
into the prints, which is usually done the week before. 
For all their lyes, clamour & noise does in no measure 
move me ; and my rule in the government is, Steady, 
Steady. Nor wou'd I come 'till Feb r (according to yours 
& my first thought), but by the intervening advices of 

Cap 4 Husk writes me to keep his mandamus to bring 
with me, and pray let L fct Coll 11 Sherburne write what he 
wou'd have done with his ; and so much for mandamus 8 
'till I see you. 

Altho' the Lords of Trade are not very regular in their 
answers, yet they happen to own the receipt of mine about 
the Line. Since their numberless lyes have commonly 
amounted to nothing more, I wonder you or any body 
else can be stumbled. I thank your thot about something 
from the Council which may be prosecuted to effect when 
I come. I assure you every thing at Whitehall is to my 
heart's content. 

I fancy the hound * you mention is in no great danger 
of life or limb. Such creatures (in vengeance to a wicked 
world) are often suffer'd to live while the righteous perish, 
and no man layes it to heart. 

The seal must by no means be put to affidavits, which 
must be taken (as most proper) before Justices of the Peace. 
But it may be to a certificate of the Leiu 4 Gov r ' s that A., 
B., or C. is a Justice, but even in that case it is my order 
that you don't part with the seal or affix it to any thing 
'till such writing be first transmitted to me, because things 
may happen to be prefac'd in derogation to the King's 
authority & honour vested in his Gov r , as Leiu* Gov r and 
perhaps Commander in Chief. Let it be as it will, do }'our 
duty in observing what I write, and if necessary say you 

* Qu. The Hound. Perhaps Slade. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknop. 



have such orders from the Gov r . You'll be safe, and my 
back's broad enough. 

I write Mons r at large y- this post & pretty close. While 
I am Gov r you may depend I will be. 

I have order'd Gerrish to put this into your hand, and 
you have herewith copy of the inclos'd, that in case I have 
made any sort of mistake about the new Assembly, and it 
be necessary to hear from me again before the precepts be 
made out, you may return my letter for Mons r , and I'll 
send it of a later date next post. But if all be right it 
must go forward; and tell Gerrish not to let any one 
know it was inclos'd. The Leiu* Gov r asks whether I 
wou'd have the troop meet me. I think they did not last 
Feb r . I take the meaning of it to be that he wants to 
give some order about it. But if it has been omitted at 
any time, may it not be best it shou'd now ? When I 
return this way I can order as I please. I am truly, Sir, 
Y r friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 26, 1733. 


Sir, — Your handsome letter of 12 psent came to my 
hands in its due course. Before I left London I assur'd 
M r T. Burnet I wou'd very heartily pursue the King's 
order to me in favour of the children of my late deed 
predecessor, and which I long since observ'd with the 
greatest punctuality. But I found it wou'd not succeed 
under the notion of the King's instruction, and so resolv'd 
to let the matter sleep to a proper juncture, and which I 
judg'd the last sitting of this Assembly to be, and then urg'd 
it (as you find) on the head of justice in the best man- 
ner my weak capacity cou'd suggest, and I give you (the 

* Abraham Van Home was an eminent merchant in New York, and one of the Council 
from 1722 till his death in 1741. His daughter Anne Marie was married to Governor 
Burnet in 1721, and died in 1727. — Eds. - 


grandfather) with the orphans joy of the success, and at 
same time assure you it gave me a great deal of pleasure ; 
and the £3000 is now safe in Coll 11 Wendell's hands. This 
money you'll find granted in consequence of my speech, 
" Not to suffer the orphan to crye out of wrong & op- 
pression.'' You therefore receive it as guardian to them, 
and you'll find the grant made to his legal representa- 
tives ; it must therefore be sacredly kept for the children, 
nor is it possible to be subjected to make good any de- 
ficiency may happen in his estate. I have not done with 
this matter, but will watch for what I may think the 
happiest opportunity of urging the Assembly to a further 
grant, and will do it with the same warmth & sincerity 
as if I were to obtain it for my own children. Yet I say 
this may require time & patience. I am, Sir, 
Your friend & most humble serv*. 

Boston, Nov' 26, 1733. 

J. B. 


May it please your Lordships, — Since mine of the 
13 of this month I am honour' d with yours of 27 Sept r , 
owning the receipt of mine to 28 June past (except one I 
wrote your Lordships of 21 May). Your Lordships say 
you presume the determinations of his Majesty in Council 
and of the House of Commons upon the disputes the 
Assembly have had here with the Crown have been sent 
me by the Agent of the Province. On this I must ob- 
serve to your Lordships that the Agent is so far from 
sending me a publick paper that he is cautious of even 
writing me a letter, lest he shou'd give umbrage to the 
Assembly, whom he looks upon as his principals & mas- 
ters (and not the King's Gov r ), that unless your Lordships 
direct for the future all things necessary to his Majesty's 
service & honour be duly transmitted me, I don't expect 

1733.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 429 

them any other way, and the want of them may some 
time or other be of ill consequence to the King's inter- 
est. As it must be a great pleasure & honour to every 
faithfull servant of his Majesty to find not only the 
approbation of his royal master, but even that of the Par- 
liament of G fc Britain, so does it feel with me, my Lords, 
upon the almost insuperable difficulties I have found 
with this people for my strict obedience to the King's 
orders. And my last gave your Lordships an account 
how far the present Assembly has comply'd with them, 
and I hope their next care will be of the several fortifica- 
tions in the Province, as well for their own safety as for 
his Majesty's honour, and I wou'd pray your Lordships to 
instruct me in what I observ'd in my last as to the part 
former Assemblies here have acted in presuming to appoint 
committees to take care of building & repairing the King's 
forts. Things being in the situation they are at present 
may save your Lordships the trouble of projecting duties 
to be laid here for the services of the government. 

I have nothing to add to the account I sent your Lord- 
ships last year concerning laws made, manufactures set 
up, or trade carry'd on, which may any wayes affect the 
trade, navigation, or manufactures of G fc Britain,* except it 
be the private scheme I have transmitted to your Lordships 
for circulating a large sum of bills of credit, the nature 
whereof your Lordships will be best able to judge & how 
to advise as to what orders shou'd be given by his 
Majesty concerning it. Indeed, my Lords, I can't help 
saying it is very extraordinary that his Majesty can 
govern & command his Provinces (as publick bodies), 
and yet private persons shall presume to run counter to 
his royal orders. Your Lordships will alwayes please 
to consider that affairs of this kind must of course 
greatly affect the trade, and that the people of G fc Britain 
are alwayes sufferers when there is loss in the trade, 

* See ante, pp. 68-71. — Eds. 


and I must in faithfullness to the King and to his peo- 
ple earnestly recommend to your Lordships that Rhoad 
Island and the neighbour colonies to this Province 
may be strictly forbid issuing any bills of credit for 
the future, more than may be for defreying the annual 
charge of each government, and those alwayes to be 
punctually paid in by taxes on poles & estates in the 
next insuing year, except it shou'd be of the nature of 
the bill I have sent your Lordships. With great deference 
to your Lordships, unless some such orders be given speed- 
ily the trade of G fc Britain to these Colonies will produce 
nothing but ruin & destruction to the concerned. 

As to the bill past twice in the Assembly of this 
Province for emitting fifty thousand pounds in bills of 
credit, on a foundation of gold & silver, I am still of 
opinion that it is the best projection has yet been hit 
upon for reducing what are called bills of credit to some 
steady standard, and such an emission of bills to be 
under the orders & directions of the government wou'd 
best of all secure the trade of G fc Britain to & in this 
Province. And if your Lordships will give } 7 ourselves 
the trouble of reviewing it, I can't but think you will 
judge it a good service done to the people of G* Britain, 
as well as to his Majesty's subjects here, to procure me 
the King's leave to give my assent to such a bill ; and 
upon another emission of the like nature the bills may 
still be brought to a better value than in this first bill, 
and in time such a method will reduce credit bills to be 
as money is stated by Act of Parliament for the Planta- 
tions. I have no sort of interest in this matter, my 
Lords, but what I say is in duty to the King, whose 
people are under my care ; and what I wrote your Lord- 
ships last year on the head of naval stores was from the 
great regard I have to the mother kingdom.* The people 

* The letter here referred to has not been printed in this volume, as it is almost 
identical with the letter, of the same date, to the Duke of Newcastle, ante, pp. 216-218. — 

1733.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 431 

here, my Lords, find an easier & quicker account in lum- 
ber and fishery than they can do in raising naval stores ; 
and in all countries of large tracts of land, where there 
are but few people & labour consequently very dear, the 
raising of new things (as iron & hemp are in this country) 
must be attended with some extraordinary encouragm*; 
and as I mention'd had a good bounty been given by the 
Parliam* of G fc Britain to encourage the raising of such 
things here twenty or thirty years ago, I am humbly of 
opinion G* Britain had before this time found her account 
in it, by a greater consumption of her own manufactures, 
and in having such naval stores as the best returns, and 
her own plantations wou'd by this time have render'd her 
independent of all the northern Crowns. But without 
such encouragment these provinces will be of much less 
value to their mother country, nay the trade will be but 
a continu'd loss to G fc Britain. Your Lordships will for- 
give my zeal for his Majesty's honour, as well as for the 
interest of his kingdoms and of his dominions abroad. 
As to the revoking my 15 instruction respecting the 
repealing of laws, your Lordships will observe my com- 
mission from his Majesty sayes, " Whereas by a Royal 
Charter under the Great Seal of England, &c a , and for 
your better guidance and direction we do hereby require 
& command you to do and execute all things in due man- 
ner that shall belong unto the trust we have reposed in 
you, according to the several powers and authorities 
mention'd in the said Charter," and again, " Or by our 
order in our Privy Council in pursuance of the s d Char- 
ter." I mention these things, my Lords, because it has 
(I think) an aspect as if the King has commanded me 
to make the Royal Charter the great rule of my admin- 
istration, and your Lordships will find in the Charter, 
thus, page 11, " Or that the same shall be repealed by 
the General Assembly of our said Province for the time 
being," which I suppose must mean that the Assembly 


have the power of repealing as well as of making 
laws ; but my 15 instruction seems to militate with 
that clause of the Charter, because it saves, "Nor give 
your assent to any law for repealing any other law past 
in your government, unless you take care, &c\" This 
the Assembly complain heavily of, as taking away the 
priviledges of their Charter. With great deference to 
your Lordships, I have no doubt but your Lordships 
are fond enough that the King's instructions shou'd 
agree with & not contradict the Royal Charter, and 
that his Majesty's subjects may consider this govern- 
ment with pleasure, full of ease, mildness & lenity ; 
and it has been (& now is) on this acc tfc only that I 
have thus represented this matter to your Lordships, 
and is further humbly submitted to your wise deter- 
mination, whether it may not be most prudent to have 
my 15 instruction withdrawn. 

I must repeat to your Lordships in answer to what 
you say about papers respecting the bounds between the 
Massachusetts & N. Hampshire that the Agent of this 
Province sent all those papers to the Assembly (but not 
to me). However, I took care as much as in me lay to 
prevent further delayes in so necessary a work by urging 
the Assembly to have their Agent fully instructed, which 
I think they have done, and are now very desirous to 
have the matter proceeded in agreeable to his Majesty's 
80 instruction to me for that end ; and if your Lordships 
so refer the matter back hither, I am of opinion this long 
dispute will come to an end by a good settlement of the 
bounds between the provinces, nor does it, indeed, seem 
to me practicable to come at a just settlement but by 
commiss rs on the spot. 

Your Lordships will forgive me while I make the list 
of Councellors for New Hampshire, thus, — Shadrach 
Walton, George Jaffrey, Jotham Odiorne, Henry Sher- 
burne, Richard Waldron, Benjamin Gambling, Ephraim 


Dennet, Joshua Pierce, Benning Wentworth, Theodore 
Atkinson, Joseph Sherburne, Ellis Huske. This makes 
the twelve Councellors in conformity to the constitution 
of that government, and of his Majesty's royal instruc- 
tions to me (the 1 & 6). The order I have put them in 
corresponds with the date of his Majesty's several royal 
orders or mandamuss to me for their admission. As to 
David Dunbar, Esq., he is his Majesty's Leiu* Gov r of 
New Hampshire, but not one of his Majesty's Council, 
having never yet (that I have seen) obtain'd his Majesty's 
royal mandamus therefor, without which, I suppose, your 
Lordships wou'd judge it a breach of the trust the King 
has repos'd in me to admit him, or indeed any person, to 
be of his Majesty's Council there, and more especially of 
my 7 instruction, and to save your Lordships the trouble 
of turning to these instructions I inclose copies of them 
for your inspection. 

I shall be going in about three weeks to my other 
government of N. Hampshire, and on my return shall 
do myself the honour of writing your Lordships again, 
and now remain, with great respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 


Boston, Nov' 27, 1733. 

tf Winslow. Russel. 


My very good Brother, — Altho' I have wrote you 
so lately & so largely, yet I think proper to tell you that 
M r Shirley has made the rough draught of the convey- 
ance of the estate I mention'd for your nephew, which 
is large, will fill four skins of parchment & take time to 
ingross & pass thro' all the forms of the law ; so soon as 
it can be compleated I shall send it forward. Whenever 
my son makes an exchange of this estate it must not be 



for one for his life only, but for an absolute fee simple, 
because this may in the end be more than his quota of my 
estate, and prove a wrong to my family, if he shou'd be 
vested only with an estate for his life ; for he might 
happen to dye the next day, and then you know, brother, 
all this estate will be clear gone from my family, to every 
branch whereof I must & will be just. But of this I shall 
write more fully when I send the conveyance. 

I am in the next place, brother, to say to you that I 
have all the reason in the world to believe that Coll 11 
Dunbar (being now intirely routed from Pemaquid) is 
making all the interest he possibly can at home to be 
Gov 1 , not only of N. Hampshire, but of this Province, and 
M r Cook, who is become my mortal enemy, is join'd with 
him in it, and M r Craddock (who went in Shepherdson) 
will help all he can. And altho' Coll 11 Dunbar & I are in 
civil forms, yet I am fully perswaded he wou'd hurt me 
in every article in his power, and his great dependance is 
on Coll 11 Bl — d — n, and he constantly writes to P — pp — le, 
who altho' he lets you into some things, yet I believe he 
hides many others. However it is certainly best that you 
keep up the strictest acquaintance with P — pp — le to 
learn all you can & to ward against it. The King knows, 
and his ministers and the whole world, how faithfull I 
have been to his Majesty, and how severe & cruel a time 
I have had ever since my arrival to the government, and 
have overcome several difficult points in favour of the 
Crown, and if the reward of it must be to be superseded, 
how unreasonable, how unjust, and how dishonourable 
wou'd it be ! Besides it wou'd give great uneasiness to 
this whole country and a vast deal of trouble to the King's 
ministers. However, I can assure you there are strong 
efforts making to bring it to pass, that you must be awake 
& alive ; and the best means to prevent it will be by a 
steady application to D. N. Castle & S r Rob* Walpole, and 
to keep a good acquaintance with M r De la Faye ; and I 

1733.] TO RICHARD WALDROtf. 435 

think on this occasion you & your nephew must ask the 
interest & friendship of the inclos'd list. Lord Townshend, 
tho' in the country, might give a letter to somebody at 
Court that might be of singular service. I know he cou'd 
take the freedom to write even to the King or Queen. 
Duke of Chandos cou'd soften Bl — d — n. M r Holden has 
great interest with S r Robert & both Secretaries ; and I 
believe D r Watts with many eminent dissenting ministers 
wou'd join in a body in the Gov 1 ' 8 favour. I wou'd leave 
no stone unturn'd to prevent so great an evil, and after 
all proper endeavours, I hope to be inabled to submit to 
the event that Providence shall order ; and I depend you 
will act according to your best skill & understanding in 
the matter. This letter is to Jonathan as well as to you. 
We are all well & send him a great deal of love, and I 
remain, Sir, 

Your very affectionate brother. J. B. 

Boston, Nov* 28, 1733. 

As I have taken a tender care of your Friends here, 
pray give the Gov r ' s kind respects to the chief of them 
with you, & tell 'em the Gov r hopes for their friendship & 
appearance with the King's ministers in his behalf, if 
there shou'd be occasion ; and after all I may be mistaken 
(tho' I believe I am not), which you'll soon know at the 
offices, that you need not stir unless you find it necessary, 
but you must not be blinded, & so have the thing done 
secretly before you know it, as was the matter of B. 


$ Winslow. Russell. 


Hono bl * Sir, — I have yours T honest Fellows, who 
tells me Dover & some other towns will send their old 
(good) Repres tTS , being sick of the clan. I am fully in 


opinion with you that at all hazards it is best to have a 
choice as soon as may be. I wrote you some time since I 
car'd not whether they might be good or bad, or wou'd 
do something or nothing, and I am still of same mind, 
that is, as to myself, tho' for the sake of the poor Province 
(especially at this juncture) I wish they may be wise. 
It's an evil day, and we must be so (if we can) if they are 
not. No doubt your kinsman will be able to give you 
considerable intelligence. 

I am told the Fuddle Cap* set out yesterday morn. 
Must it not be a comical affair for two wretches, between 
whom there is as much enmity as between the seed of the 
woman & the serpent, to enter into close concert together ; 
yet you know Herod & Pilate cou'd incorporate councils 
to accomplish their atrocious wickedness. So we are not 
to wonder, yet I fancy they'll be prodigious shy of trusting 
one another. 

I inclose what I intend for the Assembly, which I allow 
you to obliterate, interpolate, & add to as you think proper, 
and then to return it to me in season to be transcrib'd by 
my clerk. I am, Sir, 

Your friend. J. B. 

Boston, Nov* 29, 1733. 

You know I have told you, Secrecy is the soul of busi- 
ness. I pray you carefully to fill up the blanks. 

$ Fellows. 


Sir, — I find by yours of 30 past there is not so much 
blustring as there was, altho' no more reason for it then 
than now. He finds he cou'd make no earnings by such 
airs. I don't wonder the pimps you mention endeavour 
to support themselves with lying, since they have no 

* Probably meant to designate Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 


1733.] TO RICHARD WALDR0N. 437 

other way left. I have order' d an Assembly to meet me 
1 Jan u% and intend to be at Portsmouth (God willing) 
29 ins*. 

M r Reynolds is marry'd to Sir Thomas Jones's widow, 
a young lady of 25, very agreeable & a fine fortune. The 
Bishop & all the family have with much gratitude own'd 
me to be the author of his salvation ; and I hope Hunking 
W. is very happy in the President's vertuous grand- 
daughter.* You must plye M r Reynolds with letters that 
you may be his successor, and write to your brother, to 
D. Richmond, & every friend you have. No doubt Bin & 
At. will trye their utmost to get it. May it not be worth 
while to step hither on this occasion, not letting any one 
know what you come for ? If you was here, I wou'd write 
to S r Rob fc & to the Comiss rs in your favour. But all must 
be with secrecy. With my compliments to good M 
Huske, I am, Sir, 

Your ready friend. J. B 

Boston, Dec. 3, 1733. 


Good Sir, — I have reed your favour of 30 past, and 
approving of what you propose about the new Assembly, 
I have fill'd up the blanks in the writt, sign'd & cover'd it 
as you mention t with a commission for the two Justices 
and the dedimus to swear 'em, which last I have seal'd 
tho' you han't said any thing of a seal in the dedimus, nor 
have you countersign 'd it ; but that you may do when the 
Justices have it. 

(God willing) I intend to be with you 29 ins*. Pray 
consult with old H. & determine whether best to have 

* Hunking Wentworth, a son of Lieut. -Gov. John Wentworth, married for his first 
wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Wibird. She died Dec. 27, 1731. The surname of 
his second wife, who died Feb. 24, 1742-3, has not been preserved. Her Christian name 
was also Elizabeth, and she was no doubt the Miss Keese to whom Belcher several times 
refers. See Wentworth Genealogy, vol. i. pp. 292, 293. — Eds. 

t To Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. — Eds. 


anybody to meet me besides our friends o* horseback. 
Consider 'twill be the midst of winter, and the weather 
mighty uncertain ; for my own part I rather decline it. 
Do as you will, but let me know the result. You may 
put what paragraph you please from Portsmouth into the 
prints about my coining. I expect Taf * to meet me, un- 
less the interview with the late (now abandon'd) head of 
the scum t shou'd whirlygig his noddle into another way 
of thinking. Let that be as it will, it's not worth my 
thot. They write me from Portsmouth to come hither 
this week. The wh — p | at York was as well as you or I 
14 days agoe (one that saw him told me so.) 

You'll think if anything proper to be added to what I 
sent you w Fellows, and let me have it back in time. 
I remain, Hono ble Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Is Justice Smith alive ? 

Boston, Dec. 3, 1733. 



Hono ble Sir, — I have yours ¥> the carrier of 3 cur". 
An Assembly there must be, and such an one as it will 
be. I have a value for your kinsman ; he is a prudent 
man. I believe Don Quixot is oblig'd to change his opera- 
tors at home. I am still of the mind that it may be best 
to omit a military guard. By all I can learn Mons r will 
not walk off the ground. You say T — ss — p — t § lodges 
at Madam's, and that's all as yet. Doubtless by this time 
you have more. It may be proper 'till you see me to keep 
a pretty exact correspondence both T the carrier & f the 
post, because you will doubtless be constantly making dis- 

* D. D. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

t Cook. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

\ Perhaps the same person referred to as " the hound," ante, p. 426. — Eds. 

§ The reference is probably to Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 

1733.] TO RICHARD WALDRON". 439 

coveries from the present interview. I have no answer 
from Sancho to mine of 21 past, which I told you was 
pretty close. I suppose he waited for the conference he 
has now had before he wrote. Who but a wretch aban- 
don'd to all that's good cou'd act the part he now does ? 
he seems at present to be becoming odious here, and some 
opening of his d — nk — n— ss, and attempts to get Don 
Quixot into the saddle, I believe will compleat his ruin 
here, whatever it may do in your sober religious Province. 
I am, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec 6, 1733. 

$ Fellows. 


Hono ble Sir, — I have your favours of 14 & 17 psent V 
the post & carrier, and have good reason to believe Sancho 
is in a twitter, not being able to determine what course to 
steer. The more information I get of him, and the more 
I dive into him the more I despise him as one abandon'd 
to honesty & honour, nor do I think any work too dirty for 
his frog paws. The paroxysms the beast felt I believe 
were merely corporal ; for if he has any soul, mind, or 
conscience it's all over harden'd with a hot iron. All I 
shall say of G — ffe is that he is a poor bankrupt lost 
wretch. If our honest friends are but as ready to be 
vigorous as their head & leader there will be no need of 
exhortation. I am (I assure you) prepar'd for as bad an 
Assembly as they can possibly present to his Ex cy , and am 
deter min'd to put on all the temper & patience I can ; yet 
I have too much reason to expect a warr. Why then must 
a whole Province be bamboozl'd and betray'd & lost thro' 
the wickedness of a malicious crew, most of whom have 
but little to lose ? 

I depend to find Tafd with you, and am told since I last 
wrote you that the mountain in the Hibernian island is 


shrunk into a petite bog. Husk din'd with me yesterday. 
If his madam be neutral, I can't find he is, but on the 
contrary full warm. Wingfield's not arriv'd, and when 
he does perhaps he may have nothing new of N. H. I 
agree with you, and so I write old H. to have no military 
appearance, but otherwise as many friends as the season 
will allow. My present thoughts are to be in my chaise 
at Charlestown Thursday morning next (say 27 cur tfc ) 
before sunrise, and to make my first baiting at Philips's 
(20 miles) ; to dine at Coll 11 Appleton's (Ipswich) and to 
lodge at my good mother's, and the next day (28) to be 
at Portsmouth ; and if any further occasion I shall write 
you again f> Munday's post, as you will me by return of 
the carrier, who I think an honest fellow. I have there- 
fore given him a stick of my wax to deliver you for you 
to clap together the seal of the inclos'd after you have 
re'd it, and then to give him to carry forward. I am 

Your friend and servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 21, 1733. 
# Fellows. 


Hono ble Sir, — I reed yours of 29 Nov r and two of 7 
psent ; the first came f> M r North, who seems to me an 
honest man, nor have I heard any complaint against him. 
I have given him a letter to the Sheriffe of the County of 
York, and I hope between 'em they'll be able to make 
out an under-officer for that part of the County where he 
dwells. I sent Judge Auchmuty a copy of the letter you 
wrote me as Surveyor Gen 11 of his Majesty's Woods, and 
he tells me he has wrote you. I observe you deliver'd 
the commission I sent you for the Special Justices. 

Your Honour sayes you are surpriz'd at those words in 
my letter of 21 past, That the Leiu 1 Gov r & I had got to 

1733.] TO DAVID DUNBAR. 441 

a good understanding. When I wrote you I did not give 
myself time to look back to what I had said of this kind, 
but your letter has now given me that trouble, and I find 
in Sept r last I say'd, We have at present a good understand- 
ing. And again in Oct r , Coll 11 Dunbar & I seem at present 
to have a tolerable good understanding, yet lam inform d he 
has wrote home to obtain a report in his favour. You see 
the expressions are very lean, and that my last letter 
fairly made the dispute still depending. A man may have 
a law-suit even with a friend, and yet be (in other things) 
in a good understanding. I meant no more in what I 
said than a friendly correspondence. The French phrase 
for a good understanding is, une bonne inteligence, which 
is either understanding or correspondence. When the last 
London ship came, neither of the letters I mention were 
got to hand, that there can be no pretence of their making 
any remora in the matter to that time. But you seem 
fond of wresting those words to a sense in your favour. 
I take the true reason of the matter's lying as it does to 
be from what I wrote the King's ministers 18 moneths 
agoe against your unreasonable thirst after a power I 
think you have no right to. Were any one to read your 
letters to me from July last (one on the back of another), 
I think it wou'd be impossible to believe but there was a 
good understanding, while you was asking favours and I 
was granting 'em, and you at same time making assur- 
ances of your honest endeavours to render my administra- 
tion easy. If you had any other meaning in all these 
things than making out a good understanding (or corre- 
spondence) you know best. Most certainly I was so 
credulous (at that time) as to put a good construction on 
your way & manner of writing ; but if you are best 
pleas'd it shou'd all pass for nothing — Content. 

As to the questions you put to the gent m of the Council, 
I think they acted worthy of the station in which the 
King has plac'd 'em. While they made no answers to 



questions of that sort which are to be askt only by the 
King's Gov r & Comander in Chief, yet the Council (as 
often as occasions offer'd) have fully answer'd those ques- 
tions, as in consenting to the proclamation I order'd you 
to lay before 'em for a Thanksgiving, and again the writt 
for the choice of an Assembly. I could enter into a long 
field on this head, but I think you shou'd make yourself 
master of a resolution when you take it. You say you 
are daily expecting a decision of the dispute from home ; 
why then will you give yourself so much trouble and me 
your long letters to no purpose ? and why shou'd you be 
chagrin'd at mine of 21 Nov r , since you very early assur'd 
me you had not concern'd yourself directly nor indirectly 
in their politicks ? My letter was meant of those who cou'd 
be guilty of what I mention'd. 

I neither want nor desire your thanks for any thing. 
When you wrote me, And that you will not let me put 
myself in the ivay of an affront, bow cou'd I as a gent m 
better answer you than by saying, / will alwayes treat you 
as a gent m , &c a ? But since you are so critical I shall for 
the future confine my correspondence to the public affairs, 
taking care from time to time to give you such orders 
therein as I shall judge for his Majesty's honour & service 
& for that of the Province. I am, Sir, 

Your Honour's humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Dec r 21, 1733. 
$ Fellows. 


Sir, — No ship being arriv'd from London since mine 
of 12 cur" !■ White I have little to add. You have no 
doubt long before this heard that M r Cook is become my 
inveterate enemy, and has lately made a journey to N w 
Hampshire to pay compliments to Coll 11 Dunbar, at whom 
he has had a most malicious enmity 'till now, & joins with 


him for no other reason but with hopes to hurt the Gov r , 
and Sam Waldo is going home with the same design. 
But, brother, wou'd it not be very extraord a for the King 
(or his ministers) to think of removing a Gov r that has 
strictly adher'd to the King's orders, and thereby got done 
what the King has directed to, and a Gov r universally 
acceptable to the people, and this to be done only to 
gratifie the pride & ill nature of two or three envious 
men ? Yet I say, you must be watchfull to defeat their 
malice, and M r Cradock you'll find to be as bad as he is 
able to be. 

I have not yet compleated the conveyance for the land 
to Jonathan, but hope to have it done to send f Cary. 

Inclos'd you have Cap* Tho 8 Durell's bill on the Comiss rs 
of the Navy to pay you at 30 dayes sight £78. 6. 2 st r , 
for which I have paid him here £281. 18. 4 ; the same 
you'll please to receive & place to my Cr. 

I am going to N. Hampshire 27 curr u for about 3 
weeks, and on my return shall send you bills for about 
£120 st r more, that I have bought, and shall omit no 
opportunity of getting money into your hands, and am, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, Dec 25, 1733. 

$ Prince. Hamerden. 


My dear Son, — My last was 23 Nov r f> Bonner, since 
which no ship is arriv'd from London ; so I have little 
more to say than that we are all well. 

I write a short letter to your uncle f> this convey a , 
which he'll communicate, and you must assist at all times 
in what he may desire. You'll find great efforts made to 
shock or remove the Gov r . Cook is in close concert with 
Dunbar, and so are S. Waldo & Craddock. But if a Gov r 

444 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

whose administration is approv'd by his master must be 
subjected to the malice & envy of a few private persons 
he has a hard time of it. If the Province was to be 
poll'd, I suppose 9 in 10 think themselves happy in the 
Governour, and a change wou'd give the King's ministers 
great trouble & uneasiness. But I have given you warning 
eno' in this affair, and you must be watchfull & diligent 
to prevent mischief. 

As I am going to Piscataq a 27 curr tt , I intend to admit 
Wentworth & Atkinson into the Council, tho' it's a great 
hardship upon me to have my mortal enemies to be my 

Tell your uncle to quicken the leave to me for taking 
the last £3000. 

I commit you to the guidance & favour of God in all 
things, and am 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Dec 25, 1733. 
$ Prince. Hamerden. 


Son Andrew, < — It gives me trouble to put you to the 
blush by inquiring in this manner after your mother's & 
your own health. Had your brother been at Boston with 
the opportunity of writing to me twice a week he wou'd 
have strictly practis'd his duty in writing me constantly, 
altho' he had had nothing to write. With my love to 
your mother & you, I am 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

But why shou'd I complain, since I have done it so 
often to no purpose. 

Portsmouth, Janu a 14, 1733/4. 
\ft carrier. 

* Andrew Bekher, eldest son of Governor Belcher, was born in Boston Nov. 17, 1706, 
graduated at Harvard College in 1724, and died in Milton Jan. 24. 1771. — Eds. 

1733-4.] TO ANDREW BELCHER. 445 


My dear Son, — I have your dutif ull letter T the carrier, 
and accept your excuse, and agree with you that the heart 
is in all things to be principally regarded ; yet for the 
satisfaction of mankind the inclinations fixt there must 
(and naturally will) flow out into action. I am extremely 
griev'd at the news of the ingenious & fine Mad m Palmer. 
God governs the world, and his boundless mercy is the 
only reason why I am not yet comprehended in the num- 
ber of the apoplectic or paralytic, nor held in chains by 
innumerable other acute distempers. To Him I alwayes 
desire to give praise. My dear child, my dayes are swifter 
than a post or a weaver's shuttle, and since I saw you I 
am enter'd into another year towards the grave. How 
great then ought to be my care that when I quit the 
stage of this transitory life I may lay down my head in 
peace. How happy & how glorious must be the exchange! 
Yet while thro' the favour of Almighty God I am held in 
life, I shall alwayes be gladly contributing to your best 
establishment in the world. Give my love to your dear 
mother with the inclos'd. I long to see her & to be at 
home ; yet I must attend the King's business. However, 
you may put into Thursday's print that I intend to lodge 
at Newbury 24 psent ; at Salem 25 ; and to come by way 
of Cambridge. I am alwayes, dear Andrew, 

Your loving father. J. B. 

Portsmouth, Janu a 21, 1733/4. 




Tuesday, May 1, 1781. 

Dear Sir, — Being at Portsm last Saturday I there 
picked up a letter which I was glad to see inscribed to me 
in your hand, & on opening it found it dated in February. 
Where has it been all this time ? I have been wishing to 
hear from you, & more than that to see you here, as you 
gave me reason to expect last fall, but in this letter you say 
nothing about it. I suppose it would not be fair for me 
to conclude either that you had forgot it or had changed 
your mind merely from this omission, so I must wait for 
time to explain it. If I tho't you needed an invitation I 
would give you as cordial an one as ever Horace gave his 
friends, but instead of the Falernian wine, I can only 
invite you to cyder, with the addition perhaps of pork 
& greens. 

So then it seems I am to pass for an Enthusiast among 
you gentlemen connoiseurs in cookery, because when I am 
fond of pudding myself I am willing to help my neighbours 
to a slice of it. Well, be it so. I have good company to 
keep me in countenance. Pray, how does Brother L -p 

* Since this volume was published, a rough copy in Dr. Belknap's handwriting of his 
answer to Mr. Eliot's letter, ante, pp. 202-208, has been found by Mrs. Marcou in a bundle 
of miscellaneous papers, and kindly communicated to the Committee of Publication. As 
very few of Dr. Belknap's own letters have been preserved, and this is highly character- 
istic of the writer, it has been thought desirable to insert the letter in this place. — 


pass among you ? I guess he is rather more communica- 
tive than I am. However, if I had a mind to change my 
opinion 1 suppose I should but be a follower of good exam- 
ple ; for your chief cook himself certainly told me no 
longer ago than the week of your initiation that he 
intended after boiling it over again, & tying it up in a 
new bag, to set it on y e table ; but now it seems people's 
mouths are set another way. By the way, I heard he was 
about making his exit, is it true ? 

Suppose I should tell you a story of an Indian squaw ; 
you may judge for yourself whether it is ad rem. I shall 
run the risk perhaps of being laughed at, but I will out 
with it. " In one of Kirtland's first excursions among 
the Mohawks he fell into discourse with an old squaw, 
who asked him if they might ever hope to have the Good 
Book among them. He told her he had hope they would 
in future, but none at present. She asked him again 
whether the Good Book did not say i Go teach these 
things to all nations ' ? to which he answered, yes. She 
asked him again, Have you got this Good Book among 
you ? to w h he also replied, yes. Then with an elated voice 
& solemn tone she said, How dare you then keep it from 
us ? " 

Now don't criticise upon this, but do as Brother Yorick 
advises, " let y e heart fly out before the understanding 
& it will save the judgment a world of pains." If you 
call this Enthusiasm, remember that I learnt of you to 
love Yorick! But all this won't "bring conviction," & 
what will ? Will reasonings a priori? Will conjectures 
& may bes & what ifs ? No, this is an age of experiments, 
as we may easily see by the experiments that are daily 
making in politicks & philosophy, by the institutions & 
constitutions that every year produces, & has an experi- 
ment been made of the pudding ? why my friend will 
tell me in one paragraph that " it has been managed with 
such success as to bring over many of the first divines in 

1781.] JEREMY BELKNAP. 633c 

New England," but in another that in Old England, that 
poor old rotten toe of Nebuchadnezzar's image, that 
wretched worm-eaten horn of John's seven-headed beast, 
it has not had so great success, for tho' " many dissenting 
ministers preach constantly upon the subject, yet men 
will have their own ways of thinking & there are deists 
in England." What can be the reason of this difference ? 
Can it be that new things succeed best in a new country ? 
or is it that clergymen are more open to conviction than 
other men ? or is it not rather owing to the manner in 
which the thing is conducted ? In y e one country it is 
done openly, & in y e other secretly, & men are fond of 
being let into secrets. My friend can tell me, if he will, 
(but I suppose he "will have his own way of thinking") 
whether Free Masonry itself would have so many admir- 
ers if it were publickly known, as it has now it is kept 
under the apron. Don't be angry, Brother Toby, for I do 
not mean to insult your hobby horse, but only to borrow 
him a minute for the sake of a simily. 

"Experience," you say, "will best decide these things," 
but what shall we do when experience decides both ways ? 
Why, then, we must in short try what manner experience 
points out, &, if I mistake not, we have Ld Chester- 
field for it, y* it is not so much matter what y e thing is 
y* is to be done as how it is to be done, & if secrecy is 
y e manner y e next enquiry is how to stop the leak, for if it 
should by means of a few such open hearted creatures as 
some that you & I know break out, what shall be done ? 
Will all hands join in cleaving the passage & say, " Let 
it run, & I'll bear my part of the blame," or will some 
trim & twist & say, "It is none of my fault. I never 
tho't so. I never said so," & y e like. Alas, if I were to 
judge by what I already know of some of the brother- 
hood, this latter would be the case, & when I consider 
this I am sometimes almost tempted to wish that it were 
my lot to live among a people who never knew any reli- 

633d THE BELKNAP PAPERS. [1781. 

gion but what they had learnt from the light of nature. 
For I believe that the objections & prejudices of such 
people are much easier to be managed than those which 
are found among us. 

But it will be " casting pearls before swine," & may 
not this be said of some of y e peculiar doctrines of Xy 
w h are every day preached. The light, gay tho'tless part 
of mkd. are not awed by y e terrors of y e world to come, 
nor allured by the sweet voice of mercy. The world will 
have its course, & the world always was & will be 
opposite to y e truth. 



FROM SEPT. 3, 1731, TO JAN. 21, 1733-4, WHICH ARE NOT 


Sept. 3. To Rev. Elisha Williams, Rector of Yale College. — 
About the sale of a farm at Meriden, Conn. 

Sept. 4. To Col. Isaac Royall. — Thanks him for procuring a 
negro boy, and regrets the loss of Colonel Roy all's company 
in Boston. 

Sept. 4. To B. Darango. — A letter of personal compliments. 

Sept. 6. To Richard Wibird. — Relative to the difficulties with 
Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar about perquisites in New Hamp- 

Sept. 6. To Henry Sherburne. — A short letter on personal 

Sept. 6. To Richard Waldron. — Informs him that Colonel By- 
field is going to Portsmouth. " Take Coll 11 Sherburne, Judge 
Gambling, and who else you think proper, to meet him on the 
road. I have given him a letter to Sherburne, and you must 
take care he asks him to lodge at his house. Mind what I 
say, & don't let the other people be before you in their respect. 
You know he is my friend & near relation." 

Sept. 7. To Henry Sherburne. — Informs him of Byfield's pro- 
posed journey, and desires that Byfield should lodge at his 

* Usually Governor Belcher's letters were copied into his Letter Books in regular 
chronological sequence ; but in a few instances the exact order was interrupted. Ap- 
parently some letters were held back for the want of a convenient conveyance, or for 
some other reason. —Eds. 


450 APPENDIX. [1731. 

Sept. 7. To Nathaniel Byfield. — Is " not overmuch pleas'd " 
with his journey, but wishes it may be " a prosperous journey 
by the will of God." 

Sept. 7. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the working of the copper- 
mines at Siinsbury, and an application from Colonel Winthrop 
and Mr. Bowdoin for facilities in opening their mine. 

Sept. 10. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the manage- 
ment of his estate in Connecticut. 

Sept. 15. Speech to New Hampshire Assembly. [Printed in 
New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. pp. 601, 602.] 

Sept. 19. To William Foye, from Portsmouth. — Acknowl- 
edges the receipt of a package of letters, forwarded to Ports- 

Sept. 20. To Richard Partridge, from Portsmouth. — Acknowl- 
edges the receipt of letters. 

Sept. 20. Message to New Hampshire House of Representatives. 

— Hopes they " will think of everything necessary now to be 
done for advancing the weal & happiness of this people," 
informs them that he will readily fall into every reasonable 
thing for the advantage of the Province, and urges an early 
despatch of the public business. 

Sept. 20. To Capt. Thomas PHiPS,from Portsmouth.. — Demands 
payment of a debt. 

Sept. 24. To Josiah Willard, Secretary, from Portsmouth. — 
Hopes the Massachusetts Committee will meet the New Hamp- 
shire Committee at Newbury to confer about the Boundary 

Oct. 4. To Shadrach Walton. — The meeting of the Commit- 
tees had produced no result. Desires the New Hampshire 
Assembly to be prorogued. 

Oct. 5. To Ebenezer Pomeroy, Sheriff of Hampshire County. — 
Relative to the service of writs " on the equivalent lands 
belonging to M r John Caswall, deed." 

Oct. 12. To Col. Edward Moseley. — Relative to the claim of 
his nephew, Belcher Noyes, to one half of Roanoke Island. 

Oct. 12. To George Burrington, Governor of North Carolina. 

— On the same subject. " This young gent m is the only son 
of one of my sisters, to whom I was a guardian after the death 
of his father, and have taken care he shou'd have the best 
education of this country ; and after spending seven years at 

1731.] APPENDIX. 451 

our little University he has been in the study of physic, and 
is now 22 years of age." " I have comitted to the care of my 
nephew on board Cap* Thomas a cask of choice Vidonia wine & 
a small cask of white Cread, which crave your acceptance." 

Oct. 12. To Dr. Belcher No yes. — Parting injunctions and 
advice on his proposed voyage to North Carolina. 

Oct. 11. To Rev. Christopher Toppan. — A few lines on some 
private matter. 

Oct. 11. To Capt. Thomas Phips. — Relative to payments on 
account of a debt. 

Oct. 11. To Shadrach Walton. — Finds " that the House of 
Representatives wou'd do nothing in the affair of the Line, 
agreeable to the act of the whole Legislature, past when I was 
at New Hampshire, viz*, to send a full representation, and all 
papers referring to the Line to the Gov r to be by him sent 
home." Therefore he did his " duty in proroguing the As- 

Oct. 11. To Richard Waldron. — Desires papers to be sent to 
him. "I observe Coll 11 Shute's true Scott gives some liberty 
to his passions when I am not there, but you must always take 
care to hum him. Cou'd the clan have made such a calf as 
Aaron's they might have done notable things. But we need 
give ourselves no pain so far as they have done to patch up 
this wooden creature." " Take care the Attorney General 
does his duty in prosecuting the late Sheriffe [Theodore 
Atkinson] that the money may be got into the Treasury." 

Oct. 11. To Rip Van Dam. — Congratulates him on his succes- 
sion to the government of New York, and encloses papers 
relating to the boundary line. " I understand the Agent you 
formerly had at London will be dismist. If so, I shou'd take 
it as a favour that you wou'd give your interest to Richard 
Partridge, Esq r , to succeed him, who, I am sure, is capable 
and wou'd serve your Province with great fidelity, as he has 
done the Jerseys for a long time. He has a very considerable 
interest at Court, and I believe the more for being a Quaker. 
This I have mentioned to M r Phillips who I think will be 
ready to assist in the matter. He is my brother-in-law, and 
any services you do him I shall take very kindly." 

Oct. 11. To Adolph Phillips. — Relative to the proposed ap- 
pointment of Richard Partridge as Agent of New York. 

452 APPENDIX. [1731. 

Oct. 25. To Henry Sherburne. — Complains that nothing was 
done to forward the settlement of the Line. " They must not 
imagine that I will ever bear any slight or neglect by putting 
the matter into the hands of those who can't submit to prac- 
tice their duty to the Gov r ." 

Oct. 25. To Benjamin Gambling. — Desires him to collect the 
balance due from Captain Phips. 

Oct. 25. To Col. Thomas Berry. — Is willing to buy ten barrels 
of cider from Mr. Hale, " if he will be very curious & carefull 
in making & getting it to me." 

Oct. 27. To Joseph Fowler. — Desires him to send an account 
of money collected " about my farm at Lebanon," and to pay 
over money to Mr. Joseph Pitkin. 

Oct. 27. To Francis Wilks. — Recommending Major Paul 
Mascarene, " with whom I was a fellow passenger (upwards 
22 years ago) in the Dragon man-of-war, when he came hither 
in the service of the Crown, and has so continued ever since to 
his own reputation, and to the advantage of the publick service." 
The Major wishes to put the care of his business at home into 
the hands of Mr. Wilks. 

Oct. 29. To Pepys. — Promises to pay his note lodged 

with Pepys by the late John Caswall ; has been prevented in 
part from paying it by " the great struggle there has been 
between the Governor & the Assembly with respect to a fixt 

Oct. 29. To Deschamps. — Relative to the payment of an 

accommodation note given to the late John Caswall. 

Oct. 29. To • Hooper. — Relative to the payment of two 

notes given to the late John Caswall. 

Oct. 29. To Alured Popple, Secretary to the Board of Trade. 
— Is preparing an account of the law r s, manufactures, or trade 
of the Colonies which may affect the trade, navigation, or 
manufactures of Great Britain, to be transmitted to the Board 
of Trade. 

Oct. 29. To Thomas Pelham. — Acknowledges the receipt of 
a letter sent by William Shirley, whom he will " very partic- 
ularly recommend " to the Judges as a pleader, and begs Mr. 
Pelham's countenance and smiles on his youngest son, the 
bearer of this letter. 

Oct. 29. To Dr. Exton Sayer. — Nearly identical in phraseo- 

1731.] APPENDIX. 453 

logy with the preceding letter and with the two letters which 
immediately follow. 

Oct. 29. To Francis Fane. 

Oct. 29. To John Marsh. 

Oct. 29. To William Sharp. — Of nearly the same purport as 
the four preceding letters. " I give you my hearty & sincerest 
thanks for your readiness to assist in any of my affairs, and I 
accordingly write M r Wilks, my brother & son always to put 
any of my affairs at Court under your care, and to pay you 
honourably & to content. I want to be rid of my Leiu* Gov r 
at New Hampshire (who is a vile fellow), and you must assist 
me in it." 

Oct. 29. To Sir Thomas Frankland. — Acknowledges the re- 
ceipt of a letter sent by Mr. Barker, and begs " the honour of 
your countenance & smiles " for his son. 

Oct. 30. To Thompson. — Has " all the gratitude in the 

world to M r Thompson for the kind & condescending notice 
you have taken of" his son, "one of the raw products of 

Nov. 1. To Sir Robert Clark. — Relative to land in Oxford 
bought by Sir Robert of Mr. Thompson. 

Nov. 1. To Ellis Huske. — Orders him to have all the ships 
measured, and to clear none but what pay the proper duty. 

Nov. 3. To George Bunker. — Orders two barrels of turnips. 

Nov. 3. To Capt. John Giles. — Enjoins him to show great 
kindness and friendship to the Indians. Will buy 3,000 
bushels of lime at 12 pence a bushel, free of freight. 

Nov. 6. To John Foye. — "Notwithstanding the repeated ac- 
count I have had from persons of unquestionable reputation 
(& lately by letters from London) of the liberty you have 
given your unruly tongue with respect to me & my son, yet 
I had thought to have past over y r impotent efforts in a silent 
contempt. But when I consider the relation I stand in to 
you, and the love & honour I retain (and ever shall) for the 
memory of your deed mother, these things make it necessary 
that I shou'd in a faithfull discharge of the trust Providence 
has naturally devolv'd on me (as your uncle) say what I think 
may be for the advantage of your future conduct in life. If 
you are not too much abandon'd to baseness & ingratitude, 
I will go on then & say, a gent m writes me thus from London, 

454 APPENDIX. [1731. 

C I admire your nephew M r J. Foye shou'd publickly complain 
here that you had us'd him ill, and when some malicious 
persons have aspers'd your unspotted character, he cou'd set 
& hear it in cold blood, nor has he left any means unattempted 
to blast your son's reputation,' " &c, <fcc. He then upbraids 
his nephew at great length for " black ingratitude," and tells 
him " was your father living in his strength & capacity (as I 
have known him) and acquainted with your behaviour he 
wou'd shake your bones & trample you under his feet." 

Nov. 8. To Nathaniel Blagrove, " with same to Coll u Wins- 
low." Introducing John Smith, who has come over from 
London to look after the estate of his deceased uncle, Nicholas 

Nov. 8. To Mrs. Nicholas Moorey. — Thinks her late hus- 
band's estate " will doubtless descend according to the law of 
this Province in that case made & provided. I therefore 
think it will be not only kind but wise & prudent in you to 
treat your kinsman in an amicable manner, and not put your- 
self or him into the trouble of the law, if it may be avoided." 

Nov. 8. To Ellis Huske. — Is well satisfied with his care about 
the powder money. Has been obliged to give Anthony Rey- 
nolds the Naval Office at Portsmouth. 

Nov. 9. To Shadrach Walton. — Desires him and Colonel 
Sherburne to administer the oaths of office to Anthony 

Nov. 9. To Henry Sherburne. — Of the same purport as the 
preceding letter. 

Nov. 9. To Richard Wibird. — Informs him of the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Reynolds as Collector at Portsmouth. 

Nov. 9. To Richard Waldron. — Gives directions about pre- 
paring the papers necessary on the appointment of Mr. 

Nov. 11. To Richard Partridge. Thanks him for his care 
and diligence in assisting to obtain the royal leave for taking 
the grant of the Massachusetts Assembly. Answers the com- 
plaints of Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar, and intreats him to 
use his best endeavours to procure Dunbar's removal. 

Nov. 11. To Thomas Coram. — Acknowledges the receipt of 
four letters, and refers to various personal matters, including 
the settlement of Mr. Moorey's estate. 

1731.] APPENDIX. 455 

Nov. 12. To the Duke op Newcastle. — Encloses affidavits 
relating to the loss of some Spanish galleons. 

Nov. 12. To William Hart. — Relates to shipments of copper 
ore to Bristol, England. 

Nov. 12. To Mrs. William Partridge. — Sends his negro boy 
Juba to be under her care and instruction. 

Nov. 15. To Adolph Phillips. — Recommends the appointment 
of Mr. Partridge as Agent for New York, and to " be added 
to the gent m you mention who are to appear in behalf of your 
Province against the cruel oppression the unreasonable Barba- 
dians are levelling at all the northern Colonies." " Please to 
let me know the price of good New England rum with you." 

Nov. 15. To Francis Harrison. — "lam now become a perfect 
stranger to all trade & commerce, and my son who succeeded 
me therein has no concern in shipping ; but M r Wendell whom 
you mention is a great owner." Recommends Mr. Partridge 
for appointment as Agent of New York. He " has great free- 
dom of access to the King's ministers and all the publick 
offices, & I believe the more for his being a Quaker, which 
body of men have at this day a great interest at Court." 

Nov. 15. To Richard Waldron. — Gives instructions about 
matters in New Hampshire. Is not in favor of Mr. Reynolds's 
getting lodgings at Rev. Mr. Fitch's, but thinks he would be 
well pleased at Huske's. a By all means support the Presi- 
dent's courage that he may bear down the enemy." Is " full 
of inclination to support my friends, without making any 
court to my enemies." 

Nov. 15. To Ellis Huske. — About issuing passes and col- 
lecting the powder money. " Notwithstanding the young 
gent m ' s pertness, you may let him [Benning Wentworth] know 
I will be his master & every body's else in the Province." 

Nov. 15. To Shadrach Walton. — About the powder money. 

Nov. 15. To Henry Sherburne. — On the same subject. 

Nov. 15. To Col. William Pepperell, Jr. — About the cost of 
a boat. 

Nov. 17. To Benjamin Lynde and the other Justices of the 
Superior Court. — Recommends William Shirley to their fa- 
vorable regards, which he shall esteem as a respect done to 

Nov. 20. To Lord Chancellor King. — Introducing his son, 
Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

456 APPENDIX. [1731. 

Nov. 20. To Sir Charles Talbot, Solicitor-General. — To the 
same purport as the preceding letter. 

Nov. 20. To Horace Walpole. — Thanks him for his readiness 
in procuring leave to receive the salary voted by the Assembly, 
and commends Jonathan Belcher, Jr., to his favor. 

Nov. 20. To Robert Dingley. — To introduce his son, Jonathan 
Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 20. To Henry Bendish. — Shall always be glad to serve 
any friends of Mr. Bendish, and has " continued Mr. Boydell 
in all his employments." Desires the smiles and countenance 
of Mr. Bendish for Jonathan Belcher, Jr. " As I know you 
have a good acquaintance with my Lord Chancellor, let me 
beg the favour of letting my son wait on you to his Lordship 
at such a leisure hour as you shall think proper, that the 
youth may have the honour of kissing the skirt of his gown, 
and to deliver a letter I have presum'd to write to his 

Nov. 20. To Edward Carteret. — Wishes " it may ever lye in 
my power to contribute to his Majesty's service in the business 
of the Post Office under your care, or to do you or your friends 
any acceptable services in this part of the world," and desires 
him to let Jonathan Belcher, Jr., "hope for your smiles & 

Nov. 20. To Sir Joseph Jekyll. — Thanks him for " favor and 
respect" shown to Jonathan Belcher, Jr., and desires a con- 
tinuance of his " smiles & countenance " to " this youth." 

Nov. 20. To Thomas Sandford. — Desires him to go with Jona- 
than Belcher, Jr., to wait on Sir Joseph Jekyll and Sir Philip 

Nov. 20. To Lord Wilmington. — Thanks him for advising to 
the King's leave to take his support in the manner the As- 
sembly had voted it, which " is not only an instance of your 
Lordship's generosity to me, but of your justice to mankind, 
and of the tender regard <fe honour you have to the Crown." 
Desires his Lordship's smiles & countenance on Jonathan 
Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 20. To Sir Philip Yorke. — To introduce Jonathan 
Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 20. To Lockwood. — Relative to shipments of cop- 
per ore. 

1731.] APPENDIX. 457 

Nov. 20. To Crawford. — About the Governor's salary, 

and business plans of Andrew Belcher. 

Nov. 20. To Francis Wilks. Relative to the dispute with the 
Assembly on the matter of the Governor's salary, and to Mr. 
Wilks's account. 

Nov. 22. To Shadrach Walton. — Desires a particular answer 
to Mr. Popple's letter. 

Nov. 22. To Richard Waldron. — About New Hampshire mat- 
ters. " I heard last week of the schooner gone from you to 
Pemaquid. I suppose the errand may be to support their 
drooping bully, who I believe M r Waldo has satisfyed you 
must walk off the ground in a little time. I '11 leave no stone 
unturn'd to effect it." 

Nov. 22. To Richard Wibird. — Wishes Mr. Reynolds had 
determined to lodge with Captain Wibird. 

Nov. 22. To Benjamin Gambling. — About the debt of Captain 

Nov. 22. To Henry Sherburne. — A short letter about affairs 
in New Hampshire. 

Nov. 22. To Anthony Reynolds. — Sends him a commission 
for the Naval Office. 

Nov. 22. To Col. William Pepperell, Jr. — About the price 
for a boat. 

Nov. 22. To Mrs. William Partridge. — Thanks her for her 
u present of the King's Arms, which I intend shall be set up 
in the Town House." Is "glad the boy is got" to her, and 
has " no doubt of your care both for his soul & body." " I 
am much obliged for your kind concern towards me. The 
Apostle says we must pass thro' evil report & good report. 
This I expect, and shall endeavour (as much as possible) to 
imitate the glorious & condescending love of our blessed 
Saviour & say, Father forgive them ; they know not what 
they do. I can appeal to Him who searches the heart & tries 
the reins of the children of men & say that to be constantly 
doing good to my dear country will be the greatest pleasure 
of my life, and to this end I ask a continual interest in your 
prayers & demand it of you (in all humility) as the duty of a 

Nov. 24. To the Commissioners of Customs. — Writes that 
their letter brought by Mr. Reynolds was incorrectly ad- 


458 APPENDIX. [1731. 

dressed, as at the bottom of the letter inside was written 
" Leiu 4 Gov r of New Hampshire." That gentleman u has not 
been in the Province for 2 or 3 months past." 

Nov. 24. To Josiah Burchett, Secretary of the Admiralty. — 
Acknowledges the receipt of a letter enclosing an Act of Par- 
liament to prevent the counterfeiting of Mediterranean Passes. 

Nov. 24. To Lord Barrington. — Refers to the dispute with 
the Assembly about the Governor's salary ; relates what he 
has done for Mr. Boydell ; and introduces his son in the usual 

Nov. 25. To Capt. Benjamin Larrabee. — Directs him to clear 
the road between Brunswick and North Yarmouth, " and the 
gent m concern'd with the lands there will furnish liquor, &c a 
for the better comfort of the soldiers in this service." 

Nov. 25. To Richard Partridge. — About the complaints sent 
over to England by the friends of Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar, 
and other personal matters. u I am glad you had reed the N. 
Hampshire Address to the King which is very full. I shall 
like well that Jonathan be handsomely drest and deliver it to 
the King with his own hands. Perhaps he may then have the 
opportunity to kiss the King's hand. It will be a fine thing 
to get the Duke of Newcastle to introduce him. You must go 
with him & get what of my friends you can to make a good 

Nov. 29. To Henry Sherburne. — Has no doubt that Mr. Rey- 
nolds [the new Collector] will behave " as becomes a man of 
justice & honour." 

Nov. 29. To Col. William Pepperell, Jr. — Encloses a letter 
from Mr. Pemberton for Captain Cooper. 

Nov. 29. To Richard Waldron. — About the dispute with 
Dunbar. Has received " a catalogue (as my brother calls it) 
of the Tent Pitcher's complaints. Most of them are downright 
lyes, and will finally do me a great deal of honour." 

Dec. 2. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. [Printed in 
The Weekly Rehearsal, Dec. 13, 1731.] 

Dec. 4. To Alured Popple. — About the dispute with the 
Assembly over the Governor's salary, and thanks for civility 
to his son, etc. 

Dec. 7. To Lord Torrington. — Wishes he was quit of Colonel 
Dunbar; praises Captain Protheroe of the Blandford; and 
introduces Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

1731.] APPENDIX. 459 

Dec. 7. To George Thornton. — Certificate that he is not dis- 
pleased with Mr. Thornton. 

Dec. 7. To John Lloyd. — About their business relations. 

Dec. 9. To Francis Wilks. — About the quarrel with Dunbar, 
the Governor's salary, and the allowance to Mr. Wilks by the 
Massachusetts Assembly. "I am under great obligations 
* (jointly with M r Partridge) for your care to support me against 
that uneasy restless creature Coll 11 Dunbar, about which I have 
wrote to my brother at large by this conveyance, and have 
desir'd him to communicate to you, and must pray you to join 
heartily with him to get him out (if possible) and to get Coll 11 
Sherburne in his place. I must expect no peace in that gov- 
ernment while he has any thing to do there, and assist all you 
can to prevent any Counsellors at N. Hampshire of his nomi- 

Dec. 9. To Messrs. Waters. — About th&ir business relations 
with the Governor and with Messrs. Foye, Belcher, and Lyde. 

Dec. 9. To John Courand. — Acknowledges receipt of the 
royal leave for taking the Assembly's grant. 

Dec. 9. To the Duke of Newcastle. — Thanks his Grace for 
the royal leave to take the Assembly's grant, and transmits 
the Journals of the House of Representatives. 

Dec. 9. To John Morton. — On personal matters. 

Dec. 9. To Truman. — On personal and business matters. 

Dec. 10. To Capt. Joseph Atkins. — About building a boat. 

Dec. 13. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the copper-mine at Sims- 
bury ; complains that he shall lose money, and that the men 
at the works do not act fairly and honestly. 

Dec. 13. To Col. Edward Moseley. — About the affairs of his 
nephew, Dr. Noyes, and Roanoke Island. 

Dec. 13. To Dr. Belcher Noyes. — Advises him to sell his half 
of Roanoke Island, and return home as soon as he conveniently 

Dec. 13. To Rev. Christopher Toppan. — Advises him to come 
to town as soon as lie can. 

Dec. 13. To Rtchard Waldron. — About the complaints sent 
to England and matters in New Hampshire. 

Dec. 13. To Shadrach Walton. — Intends to call in the New 
Hampshire bills of credit in April next. 

Dec. 13. To Richard Wibird. — About the method of drawing 

460 APPENDIX. [1731. 

up his accounts as Collector, under a temporary appointment 
from the Governor. 

Dec. 13. To Henry Sherburne. — Anticipates a triumph over 

Dec. 13. To Col. William Pepperell, Jr. — About the price 
for a boat. 

Dec. 14. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the manage- 
ment of his farm at Mortlake, in Connecticut. 

Dec. 14. To Gov. Joseph Talcott. [Printed in Coll. of Conn. 
Hist. Soc. vol. iv.] 

Dec. 20. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — About personal matters 
and the sale of his farm at Meriden. 

Dec. 20. To John Williams. — About the farm in Meriden. 

Dec. 20. To Francis Harrison. — Sends a duplicate of his 
letter of Nov. 15. 

Dec. 20. To Adolph Phillips. — About the appointment of a 
Governor for New York. 

Dec. 20. To Robert Barker. — Desires " a copy of the act by 
which the Jerseys issued their last bills of credit." 

Dec. 21. To Joseph Fowler. — About his claim for services in 
selling the farm at Lebanon. 

Dec. 23. To Capt. John Giles. — About cultivating friendly 
relations with the Indians. 

Dec. 24. To Lieut. Gov. William Tailer. — An invitation to 
go with Colonel Byfield and the Governor to Dr. Cutler's 
church the next day, and to dine with the Governor. 

Dec. 24. To Capt. Joseph Heath, and " the same to Capt. 
Smith." Wishes " a flock of wood ducks <fe wild geese in the 
spring, and for some of the most curious, rare furrs you can 
pick up among the Indians. I intend 'em for presents." 

Dec. 24. To Capt. John Giles. — To same purport, and also 
desires a shipment of lime. 

Dec. 24. To George Bunker. — Has received 2 barrels of tur- 

Dec. 24. To Batchelor Hussey. — About a claim to be urged 
in England. 

Dec. 27. To Mrs. William Partridge. — Is not troubled at 
what Jonathan " writes of leaving his native country & friends." 
Encloses money " to buy some good homespun cloth & make 
Juba a warm coat." 

1731.] APPENDIX. 461 

Dec. 27. To Anthony Reynolds. — About the manner of 
making up his accounts as Collector. 

Dec. 30. To Edward Fenwick. — Thanks him " for his obliging 
respect & friendship " to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Dec. 30. To J. Waters. — Assures him that he is perfectly easy 
about what has been done in transferring the account of 
Waters & Sons from Andrew Belcher to another gentleman, 
" nor shall it on my part make the least jarr in our friendship, 
for I really think nothing is more reasonable than that every 
gent m shou'd order his affairs according to his own discretion. 
All my concern at present is to find good bills to get out of your 
debt, and this shall be my great care 'till it is compleatly done." 

Dec. 31. To Rev. John Guyse, D.D. — Has " struggl'd with 
three several Assemblies of this Province to bring them to a 
just complyance with the King's reasonable instruction for 
fixing a salary on his Gov r , and have been oblig'd finally to 
return the matter home as a thing I cannot expect to be done 
here." Praises Mr. Shirley. "From my acquaintance & 
observation of him I think he will reflect honour on all those 
who have favour'd him with their umbrage & protection." 
Thanks him for his kind notice of Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Dec. 31. To Rev. Daniel Neal. — Notices the death of friends 
in England. Mentions his struggles with three several Assem- 
blies. Owns with gratitude Mr. Neal's " favour & respect to 
my son at the Temple." 

Dec. 31. To George Bellamy. — Has " struggled with three 
several Assemblies," &c. Refers to European politics. " The 
great S r Rob* (Atlas-like) supports the British globe, and the 
poor Cardinal can hardly keep his hatt. May God Almighty 
long continue our great & wise King and his posterity to the 
latest generations." " I hope my friends will be able to defeat 
the attempts of my enemies in their vile & trivial complaints, 
that the wicked may gnash their teeth & melt away." Thanks 
him " for the respect & honour you have done my son Jonathan 
at the Temple." 

Dec. 31. To Nathaniel Barnardiston. — About his son Jon- 
athan and other personal matters. 

Dec. 31. To Hayward. — About reimbursing the cost of 

three hogsheads of Malmsey wine. 

Dec. 31. To William Hart. — About shipments of copper ore. 

462 APPENDIX. [1731-2. 


Jan. 3. To Francis Wilks. — " Assist all you possibly can to 
get out Dunbar, & Sherburne in his room ; and that I may 
have my N. Hampshire Counsellors ; but none of his nomi- 
nating." Must press on the Assembly to revive the Act of 
1730, about the Governor's salary, and must " write often to 
the Assembly, & more particularly to the House." 

Jan. 3. To John Williams. — About the sale of a farm in Con- 

Jan. 3. To Col. William Pepperell, Jr. — On personal matters. 

Jan. 3. To Richard Waldron. — About affairs in New Hamp- 
shire. " I believe the young coxcomb [Benning Wentworth] 
you mention has never had the impudence to think of the 
Leiutenancy. I have taken all possible care about the eastern 
Monsieur [Dunbar] (since I saw you) & that old Harry [Sher- 
burne] might succeed." 

Jan. 10. To Shadrach Walton. — About marriage licenses. 
Commands him to " aid, support, & assist " the Collector 
" with all your power & authority in the due execution of his 

Jan. 10. To Anthony Reynolds. — About the management of 
his office. 

Jan. — . To Nathaniel Byfield and other Justices. — Desires 
that Mr. Goffe may be restored to his place as Crier of the 

Jan. 16. To Benjamin Gambling. — Has received the balance of 
Phips's money. Finds the Collector proves to be an honest man. 

Jan. 16. To Henry Sherburne. — Wants the money collected 
for his salary. Observes " that the party's agent [John 
Rindge] goes for England by way of Cadiz. I am under no 
concern, but have a great contempt of him. Notwithstanding 
the bluster he made when the Judge of Admiralty was at 
Portsmouth, yet I find he has pull'd in his horns, and run the 
risk of perjury to save the powder. Be carefull in your obser- 
vation, and you '11 find most of their bully airs come out in 
this manner." 

Jan. 16. To Richard Waldron. — Wishes " you had given me 
your thoughts about the vile way of marriages in N. Hamp- 
shire." Refers to other matters in New Hampshire. 

1731-2.] APPENDIX. 463 

Jan. 16. To Col. William Pepperell, Jr. — Hopes to see hini 
at the General Court this week. 

Jan. 18. To Col. Isaac Royall. — About the purchase of 
Usher's farm [at Medford]. Is satisfied with the negro boy 
sent last year, and wishes another. 

Jan. 22. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About a delinquent 
tenant and letting his farms in Connecticut. 

Jan. 26. To Ebenezer Pomeroy, Sheriff. — About the service of 
a writ for John Caswall's equivalent lands. 

Jan. 31. To Messrs. Waters. — About a remittance on account 
of his debt to them. 

Jan. 31. To William Hart. — About letters to be forwarded. 

Feb. 2. Answer to the Message of the House of Representatives 
of Massachusetts. [Printed in The Weekly Rehearsal, Feb. 7, 

Feb. 4. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the management 
of his affairs in Connecticut. 

Feb. 7. To Capt. Joseph Atkins. — About the building of a 

Feb. 7. To Mrs. William Partridge. — Is "sorry Juba proves 
such an idle, naughty boy. You shou'd get Titcomb or some- 
body else to correct him with a good walnutt stick into better 
manners." Is sorry for the trouble he has given her about 
the boy, and wishes him sent home by the first sloop next 

Feb. 7. To Henry Sherburne. — About Rindge's appointment 
as agent for the House of Representatives, and the collection 
of money on account of his own salary. Compares his ene- 
mies in New Hampshire to " bulls in netts with which wise 
men sometimes divert themselves." 

Feb. 7. To Richard Waldron. — Wishes a writ drawn against 
Theodore Atkinson, "that he may be compell'd to pay his 
<£347. 16. 0. I say don't sleep any longer or be dilatory in 
this matter ; nothing will humble 'em like fleecing 'em. They 
can bear anything better than that." Says that a paragraph 
in The Weekly Rehearsal, about Rindge's appointment, is 
" absolutely false," and wants a certificate from the clerk of 
the House to that effect. " If he makes any difficulty when 
you go to him, tell him it's my order that he so does. Don't 
leave him to an opportunity of advising with the clan, but 

4G4 APPENDIX. [1731-2. 

make him do it before you go out of his house." " I wish 
Sherburne wou'd wave joining in the affair you mention. You 
have more churches already than you can (or do) support.'' 
Refers to others matters connected with New Hampshire. 

Feb. 7. To Richard Partridge. — Captain Roe " has been de- 
tailed near six weeks by the severity of the winter." Refers 
to the disputes with the Massachusetts Assembly. 

Feb. 8. To Benjamin Lynde and other Justices of the Superior 
Court. — Wishes Mr. Banks [his clerk] to be excused from 
serving on the jury. 

Feb. 9. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the lease of a 
farm in North Wiltshire. 

Feb. 14. To Richard Waldron. — About proroguing the New 
Hampshire Assembly, Rindge's appointment, fears of having 
" a bad Council in the spring," securing his salary, and Dun- 
bar's troubles at Pemaquid. u These things will make Teague 
dance like a bull in a nett, and there may perhaps be bloody 
noses in the summer, if he goes on with his bullying airs. 
But I rather think he'll be order'd to walk off the ground." 

Feb. 14. To Adolph Phillips. — Relates to some business 
transactions with A. Wendell. " 1 am still inclin'd to believe 
Coll 11 Cosby will be your Governour." 

Feb. 14. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the copper-mines at Sims- 
bury. Complains of the men. 

Feb. 15. To Joseph Pitkin. — On the same subject. 

Feb. 22. To Benjamin Marston, Sheriff of Essex County. — 
Recommends Mr. Calamy for appointment as a Deputy Sheriff. 

Feb. 23. To Richard Partridge. — Wishes Dunbar might be 
superseded as Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire, etc. 
Encloses a letter " from Mr. Batchelor Hussey about the 
whalery at Nantucket." 

Feb. 23. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — [See note, ante, p. 105.] 

Feb. 25. To Capt. Joseph Heath. — To introduce Rev. Benja- 
min Kent from Brunswick, sent as a missionary to Christianize 
the Indians, and to " pray and read the Scriptures to the garri- 
son morning & evening; and upon Sanders's return I wou'd 
have you make a memorial to the General Court, setting forth 
the earnest desire of the garrison to have a chaplain fixt with 

Feb. 28. To Shadrach Walton. — Has no doubt he will care- 

1731-2.] APPENDIX. 465 

fully observe what has been written to him about licenses for 
marrying. Refers to the proclamation for proroguing the 
Assembly, etc. 

Feb. 28. To Henry Sherburne. — About the prorogation, get- 
ting his salary, and the failure to " put Atkinson's affair into 
such a method as may produce the money. Can people in 
your Province steal what money they please from the publick, 
& not be made accountable ? " 

Feb. 28. To Richard Waldron. — Thinks it will be best to dis- 
solve the Assembly. u I think we can't have a worse, and 
you must all trye hard for a better." Is dissatisfied with the 
position of Atkinson's affair, etc. 

March 6. To Richard Waldron. — About his salary, Atkinson, 

March 6. To Henry Sherburne. — About his salary and the 
choice of a new Assembly. 

March 6. To John Frost. — Relates to the settlement of 

March 6. To Sir Robert Walpole. — Announces the death of 
Lieutenant-Governor Tailer, and recommends the appointment 
of Major Paul Mascarene as his successor. 

March 6. To Lord Wilmington. — A duplicate of the letter to 
Sir Robert Walpole. 

March 6. To the Lords of Trade. — To the same purport. 
"The whole perquisite of the place does not amount to 50 
guineas a year, so that the place is inconsiderable in its value. 
I therefore don't suppose there will be any competitors for it ; 
and as I am sure he is a very suitable person, of great loyalty 
to the King and his royal house, and firmly attacht to the 
interest of the Crown in all points, I shall not doubt your 
Lordships' approbation of what I have mention'd, and that the 
government of this Province may not be divided in itself as 
that of N. Hampshire by my having such another Leiu* Gov r 

March 6. To Francis Wilks. — Wishes him to try to secure 
the. appointment of Major Mascarene. " In this matter no 
charge must be made to me ; but as it's for the Maj r ' s service 
he must be content with what attends it." 

March 6. To Capt. Samuel Cary. — Directs him to forward the 
packet of letters to Mr. Wilks by express. 


466 APPENDIX. [1732. 

March 13. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About his affairs in 

March 13. To Joseph Fowler. — About his affairs in Connec- 

March 13. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury mine. 

March 9. To Col. John Stoddard. — About an Indian lad. 

March 9. To Ebenezer Pomeroy, Sheriff of Hampshire County. 
— Relates to the service of a writ. 

March 13. To Richard Waldron. — About affairs in New 

March 20. To Henry Sherburne. — Wishes to be reimbursed 
for a loss in the sale of coins received on account of his 
salary, etc. 

March 20. To Capt. Joseph Atkins. — Thanks him for his 
services about the boat. 

March 20. To Shadrach Walton. — Encloses some official 

March 20. To Benjamin Lynde, Jr. — Personal congratulations. 

March 20. To Jonathan Law. — About a law-suit in Connec- 

March 20. To Francis Brinley. — Wishes to' buy a horse and 
to let a farm in Mortlake, Conn. 

March 20. To Col. Matthew Allyn. — On personal matters. 

March 20. To Joseph Pitkin. — A long letter about the Sims- 
bury mine, and insisting on a reduction in the wages paid to 
the men. 

March 20. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — Relates to a treaty with 
the Indians for land near Fort Dummer. 


March 27. To Richard Partridge. — About Colonel Allyn's 
estate under Mr. Partridge's care. 

March 27. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — Is inclined to serve 
Yale College. Takes a gloomy view of the condition of Massa- 
chusetts. Wishes to sell his farm in Meriden. 

March 27. To Richard Waldron. — About his salary and affairs 
in New Hampshire. 

March 27. To Cheever. — Inquires whether he wishes to 

buy the farm in Meriden. 

1732.] APPENDIX. 467 

March 27. To Coll. Edmund Goffe. — About the sale of some 
land, payment to be made on delivery of the deed. " If you 
cannot readily raise the money, I will take plate at the curr*' 

March 31. To Col. John Stoddard. — About an Indian youth, 
and the appointment of a missionary to the Indians. 

April 3. To Henry Sherburne. — About his salary and meet- 
ing the Assembly next month. 

April 3. To Richard Waldron. — About his salary and affairs 
in New Hampshire. " You see the Council will be fill'd as I 
always told you, thro* the listlessness & stinginess of our 

April 3. To Anthony Reynolds. — Professes a great readiness 
to serve him. 

April 3. To Rip Van Dam. — Encloses letters from England. 

April 3. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the management of the 
Simsbury mine. 

April 7. To Belcher No yes. — About maintaining his claim to 
Roanoke Island. 

April 7. To Gov. George Burrington. — On the same subject. 
Refers to his troubles with the Assembly. " I am glad of the 
success you have had in your controversies, and hope it will 
bring your people to pay a due deference to government." 

April 7. To Col. Edward Moseley. — About Belcher Noyes's 
claim to Roanoke Island. 

April 10. To Gov. Robert Johnson. — Encloses a despatch 
from the Lords of the Admiralty. 

April 10. To James Calamy. — Wishes to know whether or 
not he is to have the place of Under Sheriff. 

April 10. To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire affairs. 

April 14. To Capt. Joseph Heath. — Authorizes him to leave 
Richmond and come to Boston. 

April 14. To Capt. John Giles. — Intends to visit the Penob- 
scot Indians. Refers to attempts to Christianize the Indians. 

Aprfl 17. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury mine. 
Will abandon the works, unless the cost of raising the ore 
can be reduced and the yield increased. 

April 17. To Henry Sherburne. — About his salary and going 
to Portsmouth. 

April 7 [17]. To Adolph Phillips. — Announces the appoint- 

468 APPENDIX. [1732. 

ment of Colonel Cosby as Governor of New York. Encloses 
a " print " from Mr. Partridge. 

April 17. To Francis Harrison. — About Mr. Partridge and 
the appointment of Colonel Cosby. Refers to "the equivalent 
lands of New York," and is ready to employ his interest in 
the Duke's service. " As I am apt to think my son (if he 
lives) will fix in Great Britain, I shall esteem it a favour that 
you mention his name to the Duke in the next letter you write 
under my cover. It may do my son honour & service." 

April 17. To Robert Barker. — Thanks him for sending the 
acts of his Province [the Jerseys] about bills of credit. 

April 17. To Deputy-Governor John Wanton. — Encloses pa- 
pers from Mr. Partridge. 

April 19. To Gov. George Burrington. — Relates to a sloop 
owned by Jacob and John Wendell which is at Cove Sound. 

April 22. To Robert Auchmuty. — About a conflict between 
the Provincial Judges and the Court of Admiralty. 

April 22. To Pepys. — Relates to the payment of his note 

for £500. 

April 22. To Deschamps. — Relates to the payment of the 

balance due on his note for .£300. 

April 22. To Hooper. — Relates to the payment of another 


April 22. To Mrs. Hannah Bull. — Condoles with her on the 
death of her husband, and as soon as practicable will pay his 
debt to the estate. 

April 22. To Osborne. — About payment for books bought 

by the late John Caswall and himself. 

April 22. To Mrs. Foreman. — About the settlement of his 

account with her husband, now deceased. 

April 22. To Messrs. Waters. — About their business and per- 
sonal relations. 

April 24. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — About Yale College, 
the sale of the farm at Meriden, etc. 

April 24. To Henry Sherburne. — Wants the remainder of 
his salary. Intends to be at Hampton the 3d of next month. 

April 24. To Richard Waldron. — Heartily sympathizes with 
him on the death of his only daughter. 

April 24. To John Lloyd. — Relates to the settlement of 

1732.] APPENDIX. 469 

April 24. To Fleetham. — Relates to the payment for 

goods in which they were both interested. 

April 24. To Francis Wilks. — About his disputes with the 
Assembly, and the payment of what he owes Mr. Wilks. 
"Any services you can do me in defence against the fals- 
hoods & villanies of Dunbar will be very obliging; and I 
hope Maj r Mascarene will succeed to his wishes." 

April 24. To John Morton. — Refers to the death of Mrs. 
Wilks, his troubles with the Assembly, the settlement of 
South Carolina, etc. 

April 24. To Charles De la Fa ye. — Asks for a supply of 
paper, sealing-wax, and pens. 

April 24. To John Marsh. — Thanks him for civilities and 
kindness to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. Hopes Mr. Shirley may 
be successful in America. 

April 24. To Viscount Barrington. — Is happy in being able 
to serve Mr. Boydell. Solicits his Lordship's smiles and coun- 
tenance to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. Fears he " shall still meet 
with a great deal of trouble in my support." 

April 24. To Josiah Burchett, Secretary of the Admiralty. — 
Has forwarded letters sent to him. 

April 24. To Joseph Pitkin. — To introduce William Coldry, 
who is " to take a view of Simsbury Copper Hill," and make a 
report on it. 

April 27. To Alured Popple, Secretary of the Board of Trade. 
— Acknowledges the receipt of documents. Wishes for fur- 
ther orders about the eastern lands. Has no expectation that 
the Massachusetts Assembly will give him " any support 
otherwise than in the manner of their last grant." " 1 am 
sorry their Lordships shou'd indulge a complaint of 15 discon- 
tented persons in a whole Province spirited up by Coll 11 Dun- 
bar against the King's Gov r , when a few days after there went 
an address to the King sign'd by 100 persons in the Province 
in my favour, and I suppose more than 29 in 30 are perfectly 
easy, and so wou'd the whole Province cou'd Coll 11 Dunbar 
conquer his invincible malice at my laying open from time to 
time the many falshoods he has wrote, as often as he thought 
it might serve his turn. Notwithstanding all I have been 
able to write their Lordships, and the many applications of 
my brother & son, yet I find they have had a greater regard 

470 APPENDIX. [1732. 

to the recommendation of my Leiu fc Gov r in making out a 
list of Councellors for N. Hampshire than to his superiour, 
the King's Gov r & Cap* General." Makes further complaints 
about Dunbar, and will write at length to the Commissioners, 
on his return from New Hampshire. 

April 27. To Capt. Hildreth. — About the sale of some 


April 28. To H. Caswall. — About some gloves for his wife. 

April 28. To Ward. — Authorizes him in behalf of the 

children of Dr. Noyes to renew the bounds of some land in 

April 29. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Refers to his visit to 
the Bishop of Lincoln, and enjoins him to be diligent in his 
studies. " Get some wax, paper, & pens from De la Faye & 
Popple, if possible." 

April 29. To Richard Partridge. — About personal and busi- 
ness matters. 

May 1. To Samuel Swift. — About work on his farm [at 

May 1. To James Calamy. — Injunctions to good behavior. 

May 1. To Joseph Pitkin. — Complains of the unfaithfulness 
of the men at the Simsbury mine. " I wish you wou'd act 
with a little more Mercury in this tedious, expensive affair." 

May 2. To Rev. Edmund Calamy, D.D. — About his adminis- 
tration of the government, Dr. Calamy's kindness and friend- 
ship to Jonathan Belcher, Jr., and the appointment of Mr. 
Calamy at Salem. 

May 2. To Richard Partridge. — On personal and family 
matters. " I wish the Bishop of Lincoln's son might be Leiu* 
Gov r of N. Hampshire, and if not of Massachusetts, in case 
Maj r Mascarene can't have it upon the terms he has wrote ; 
but of the two I had rather Mr. Reynolds shou'd be in Dunbar's 
room, & Mascarene succeed here. Pray go with Jonathan to 
the Bishop, & mention what I say." 

May 2. To Joseph Pitkin. — Enclosing a bill of lading for nails. 

May 5. Speech to New Hampshire Assembly. [Printed in New 
Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. pp. 615, 616.] 

May 11. Message to New Hampshire Representatives. — 
Relates to the supply of the Treasury and the settlement of 
the boundary. 

1732.] APPENDIX. 471 

May 12. Message to New Hampshire Representatives. — Will 
return to his other government on Monday next, and wishes 
them to act promptly. 

May 15. Message to New Hampshire Representatives. — To the 
same purport. 

May 18. Message to New Hampshire Representatives. — About 
a vote postponing the payment of a balance of .£292. 6. due 
from Theodore Atkinson, " which he receiv'd as Sheriff, for 
the King, and which ought to have been in the Treasury long 
'ere this time, and which too is what you have nothing to do 
with, and therefore in an especial manner ought to have been 
very cautious how you presum'd to make a vote to postpone 
the payment of it, and to screen a gent m from the law who has 
been so notoriously delinquent in his duty." 

May 18. Message to New Hampshire Representatives. [Printed 
in New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. pp. 623, 624.] 

May 22. To Richard Waldron. — Wishes to have various 
papers sent to him. 

May 24. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury mine. 
Renewed complaints that he is cheated by the men. 

May 24. To Belcher Noyes. — About the claim to Roanoke 

May 24. To Messrs. Hart. — About the sale of his copper ore in 
England. Complains that the price is too low. 

May 24. To Heilman. — Will serve his friend either in 

Boston or New York as far as may be in his power. 

May 24. To the Commissioners of the Customs. — About the 
Deputy Collector of Customs in New Hampshire. 

May 24. To Francis Wilks. — Wishes he could have a general 
leave to take his support as the Assembly may vote it. 

May 24. To the Duke of Devonshire. — Solicits his Grace's 
mention of Anthony Reynolds for a commission as Lieutenant- 
Governor of New Hampshire in place of Dunbar, and intro- 
duces his son. 

May 24. To the Earl of Wilmington. — To the same purport. 

May 24. To the Earl of Westmoreland. — To the same 

May 24. To the Earl of Halifax. — To the same purport. 

May 25. To Thomas Pelham. — To the same purport. 

May 25. To James Brudenell. — To the same purport. 

472 APPENDIX. [1732. 

May 25. To Horace Walpole. — Complains of Lieutenant- 
Governor Dunbar, and desires the appointment of Mr. 
Reynolds in his place. 

May 25. To Sir Robert Walpole. — Desires to have Dunbar 
removed and Reynolds appointed. " Coll 11 Dunbar's appoint- 
ment &■ continuance under me seems to be a punishment that 
I can't think I have deserv'd." 

May 26. To Nicholas Paxton. — Solicits his smiles and good 
offices for Jonathan Belcher, Jr., " a raw youth just escap'd 
from the wilds of New England." 

May 26. To Richard Partridge. — Desires the removal of 
Dunbar and the appointment of Reynolds. " Read all the 
letters I have wrote to forward this affair, in which the Bishop 
must engage himself, or I'm afraid it will drop thro', and it 
must be done without the knowledge of the Board of Trade, 
least Coll 11 Bladen shou'd obstruct it ; and by what M r Rey- 
nolds has said to me I think the King's absence will give the 
best opportunity for getting out the commission." 

May 27. To Lady Abney. — A letter of condolence on the 
death of one of her daughters. 

May 27. To John Morton. — Mentions " a new bounty of <£300 
st r to our College reed T one of the late London ships from 
the two Hollis's." Has written to them, and prays " you wou'd 
let my son have your good comp a to pay them a vissit and to 
deliver my letters." 

May 29. To Joseph Pitkin. — Complains of the bad quality of 
the ore sent from Simsbury. " I desire you not to pay the 
men any more money after rec* of this, and stop all the ore 
that is not shipt, for such as you send is not worth the cask & 
fr fct hither." u I am fully perswaded the men have stole & 
convey'd away the richest & best of the ore." 

May 27. To Lieut.-Gov. Laurence Armstrong. — Has received 
a letter from him, and sends him some European news. 

May 29. To the Lords of Trade. — Transmits various docu- 
ments from New Hampshire, and will send a " full answer to 
the trifling complaint made against me to your Lordships by 
15 discontented persons, some of which I put out of office to 
make way for better men." 

May 29. To Francis Wilks. — About paying for the manda- 
muses of Waldron and Gambling. 

1732.] APPENDIX.^ 473 

May 29. To Richard Partridge. — Is glad the Sugar Bill is 
like to be lost in the House of Lords. " Methinks this shou'd 
make our people here a little more condescending and com- 
plaisant to the Crown. I thank your hint about my speeches 
to the Representatives, and shall as much as possible avoid 
dipping my pen in vinegar, tho' they are most the blameworthy 
cause by being very rude & unmannerly to the King, whose 
honour I am very jealous of." Wishes for a general leave to 
take his " money as the Assembly votes it," thinks it very 
hard that the Board of Trade should report again in favour of 
Atkinson for the Council, and complains of the excessive 
charge for procuring the appointment of Waldron and Gam- 

May 29. To Shadrach Walton. — Wants a Council called to 
swear in Waldron and Gambling. 

May 29. To Henry Sherburne. — Refers to matters in New 
Hampshire. "We must take care that the late Speaker 
[Andrew Wiggin] be left out in the next choice, and as many 
of that sort as we can." 

June 1. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. [Printed in 
The Weekly Rehearsal, June 5, 1732.] 

June 3. To Richard Waldron. — Gives him leave to come to 
Boston, and enjoins him to take especial care of the Province 
seal in bis absence and at all other times. 

June 5. To Shadrach Walton. — On New Hampshire matters. 

June 5. To Henry Sherburne. — About commissions for 
Colonel Sherburne's regiment, the Governor's salary, etc. 

June 5. To Rip Van Dam. — Has received his letter, etc. 

June 8. To Richard Partridge. — Shall write to the Lords of 
Trade by the next conveyance. " Cap* White will deliver you 
an Indian canno with 5 paddles & 2 p r of wild geese. What 
if you shou'd give the cannoo in my name to D. N. Castle, to 
be in the canal of his garden, and the geese to L d Wilmington ? 
But I leave you to present them where they'll do most service." 

[June 10.] To Richard Partridge. — Encloses the complaint 
from the Board of Trade and his answer. 

June 12. To Richard Waldron. — Wishes the Collector 
[Anthony Reynolds] quickened, " or he'll miss the man o' 
war," etc. 

June 12. To Henry Sherburne. — Professions of friendship, etc. 


474 APPENDIX. . [1732. 

" The more falshoods & lyes the vilanous party are guilty of 
the less good they '11 do themselves in the end." 

June 12. To Isaac Royall. — About the Sugar Bill, the death 
of Lieutenant-Governor Tailer, the title to Usher's farm, the 
purchase of a negro boy, etc. 

June 14. To Joseph Pitkin. — Complaints about the bad quality 
of the ore sent him and *his heavy loss by carrying on the 
mine. " And I must really, Sir, say this vast loss comes thro' 
you, for the men now here plainly tell me, M r Pitkin is your 
agent & the man of your confidence, and if he will receive the 
ore what is that to us ? Surely, S r , you'll think by this time 
I have just reason to complain loudly ; nor can you wonder I 
pay no more of your bills 'till this affair is set to rights, and I 
have justice done me, which the articles you have sign'd with 
the men will oblige them to, and to deliver me as much ore as 
will make up the loss, and 'till it's done, I'm resolv'd to come 
to a full stop, and what you & the men cannot agree upon must 
be decided by honest, wise men, for I will no longer bear their 
vile cheats & abuses. . . . The plain English of this is that 
I will have the ore deliver'd me according to agreement, or I 
will intirely desist from the works." 

June 15. To Benjamin Wadsworth, President of Harvard Col- 
lege. — Wishes to secure a Fellowship for Mr. Hobby. 

June 15. To Robert Johnson, Governor of South Carolina. — 
To introduce Mr. Lynn, a gentleman from London. 

June 15. To the Lords of the Admiralty. — Expresses his 
satisfaction with the conduct of Captain Protheroe. 

June 15. To Capt. Timothy Dwight. ■*- About laying out some 
lands granted to Belcher, near Northfield. 

June 15. To Joseph Pitkin. — Sends a duplicate of his letter of 
June 14. 

June 15. Message to the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives. — Will not give his assent to the bill for the supply of 
the Treasury in the manner proposed, " or to any other of such 
a nature." 

June 16. Message to the Massachusetts House of Represen- 
tatives. — About meeting the Eastern Indians. "It's high 
time to be making the necessary provision, and that the day 
& place be appointed." " If any ill consequences happen thro' 
a neglect in this affair, I hope my repeated notice to you will 

1732] APPENDIX. 475 

justify my conduct to his Majesty, & show you the care 
& concern I have for the lasting tranquillity of the King's 
government & for the good of his people." 

June 17. To Richard Partridge. — To introduce Captain 
Pr other oe. 

June 17. To Francis Wilks. — To the same purport. 

June 17. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — To the same purport. 

June 17. To Sir Charles Wager. — Has been satisfied with 
the conduct of Captain Protheroe, and the Province is much 
obliged by the appointment of Captain Durell as his successor. 

June 19. To Capt. George Protheroe. — Compliments and good 
wishes on his return to England. " May God Almighty waft 
you & good M rs Protheroe to your dear old England, where 
you can enjoy more ease than you have seen your friend do 
here, who has met with some tempers who think they ought to 
be lords of their sovereign (<fe to these you are no stranger) ; 
yet I hope I serve a master who will not finally suffer my per- 
son & fidelity to fall a sacrifice in his service." 

June 19. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Mr. Reynolds is return- 
ing to Great Britain. Wishes his son to do all he can in 
favour of Mr. Reynolds. 

June 19. To the Bishop of Lincoln. — Hopes Mr. Reynolds's 
" trip to G fc Britain may give a favourable turn to the affair of 
being his Majesty's Leiu* Gov r ." 

June 19. To William Wanton, Governor of Rhode Island. — 
About the disputed boundary ; personal congratulations. 

June 19. To Henry Sherburne. — "This is only to inclose 
the rest of the commissions for your regiment, which I hope 
you'll make a proper use of against the next choice, more 
especially that the late Speaker may be dropt." 

June 19. To Ellis Huske. — About Mr. Reynolds's love affair. 

June 19. To Richard Waldron. — On personal matters, and 
" the cursed snares laid for his [Mr. Reynolds's] destruction." 

June 19. To the Duke of Newcastle. — " Same to Lords Trade 
& Earl Wilmington." Transmits the Journal of the House of 
Representatives, " and I am sorry to acquaint your Grace that 
all his Majesty has done, and what I have laid before them in 
consequence of his royal orders, has been to no purpose, and 
I think myself oblig'd in duty to the King to say I have not 
the least expectation that the King's instruction for fixing a 

476 APPENDIX. [1732. 

salary on his Gov r will ever be done here." Desires a general 
leave from the King to take the grants voted, a provided they 
never grant less than £3000." 

June 20. To the Bishop of Lincoln. — About a love affair of 
Mr. Reynolds " with a woman of low birth & education <fc less 
fortune at N. Hampshire." " Shou'd he succeed in the Hos- 
pital affair and that of N. Hamp Leiutenancy he may make a 
handsome figure here ; and I have assur'd him, if he resolves 
to marry in this part of the world, he shall have my thoughts 
& advice as an own child, and that I'll find him as good a 
match as this country affords for a reputable family, vertue & 
estate. But I can by no means think well of his marrying 
here ; for really, my Lord, there is no such thing as a toler- 
able fortune to be found." 

June 20. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Encloses the letter to 
the Bishop of Lincoln, for him " to read, seal & forward." 

June 20. To Messrs. Wilks and Partridge. — Desires them " to 
be as expeditious as possible in obtaining the Royal leave for 
my signing this act [an act making a grant of £3000 for his 
support] , that I mayn't be starv'd or my family run the risq of 
losing the money in case of my mortality. I shall keep the 
Court under adjournments 'till I hear from you." 

June 20. To Deschamps. — Sends him a bill of exchange 

for <£200 at 40 days' sight. 

June 20. To John Lloyd. — Sends him a bill of exchange for 
£100 at 40 days' sight. 

June 20. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — Wants information 
about his farms, etc., in Connecticut. 

June 24. To Capt. John Giles. — Thinks " it wou'd be well for 
the Province to be breeding up some young men for inter- 
preters as the old ones go off the stage. ... I can't yet set 
the day of my being at Falmouth to meet the Indians." 

June 24. To John Noyes. — Has desired Captain Giles to con- 
tinue Ensign Birum at the Fort. 

June 24. To Richard Partridge. — Encloses various documents 
relating to the disputes with Dunbar and his friends. " I in- 
close you also the affidavits of Coll 11 Joseph Sherburne & Cap' 
II. Sloper about B. Wentworth, that you may show them to 
the Lords of Trade, and they see how unreasonable it is that 
such a rascal shou'd sit at the Council Board with the Gov 1 *. 

1732.] APPENDIX. 477 

If his mandamus be not come away, I hope this may prevent 
it ; if not, I shall suspend him when I go into the Province." 
Supposes Captain Rindge may have reached London. " His 
pretended business is about the settlement of the Line, but his 
real business is to get the Gov r out & Dunbar in, so you must 
carefully watch him." 

June 24. To Rev. Samuel Whittlesey. — Wishes he could find 
some one to buy the farm at Merideii. 

June 26. To Richard Partridge. — On business matters. "I 
am glad to hear of the wellfare of my cous n Wells & her 

June 26. To Francis Wilks. — On personal matters and the 
payment for Waldron's and Gambling's mandamuses. 

June 26. To Capt. George Protheroe. — " We continue in the 
old way, and if the King don't save us, I can't see but we must 
be lost." 

June 26. To Samuel Orvis. — Desires him to lay out " the 30 
acres of land granted me by the town of Farmington." 

June 26. To Ellis Huske. — On personal and political matters. 

June 26. To Henry Sherburne. — ■ About some more commis- 

June 27. To Holman. — Will give him a Major's commis- 
sion in the Plymouth regiment, if he still wishes it. 

June 27. To Jeremiah Allen, Treasurer. — Forbids him "to 
lay before the Gen 11 Assembly or House of Repres tvs , or any 
com* ee thereof any acc tfc of money due from the Province (sav- 
ing your gen 11 acc et for the year) untill such acc tt has been 
allow'd & warrant granted thereon by the Gov r & Council." 

July 3. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — About the selection of two 
chaplains and missionaries to the Indians. 

July 3. To Shadrach Walton. — "I am sorry to hear you gave 
the Collector a license to be marry'd without my leave, which 
both you & he ought to have askt." 

July 3. To Henry Sherburne. — Encloses some blank commis- 
sions. Expects to return from Falmouth to Portsmouth by 
land. " I hope some ships have furnisht the Presid* with 
powder. If not you must contrive among you to get a bb r ." 

July 3. To Richard Waldron. — About Dunbar and affairs in 
New Hampshire. " I wish Husk may lay his paw on some 
of 'em, & get a good penny while he has the office, and in order 
thereunto send me his Special Warrant." 

478 APPENDIX. [1732. 

July 6. To the Selectmen of the Town of Boston. — Desires a 
retailer's license for William Grigg, " who has been in my 
service as a gardner." 

July 6. To Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, President of Harvard 
College. — Is "surpriz'd" that his letter recommending the 
election of Mr. Hobby as a Fellow " shou'd be communicated 
to the Corporation of the College," and " more surpriz'd " that 
" any such turn shou'd be given to my letter as that I wou'd 
byass or influence the Corporation in their election or infringe 
upon their freedom when I was far from any such intention." 

July 6. To Edward Fenwick. — Is obliged for his respect to 
Jonathan. " Your son here [William] continues sober & dili- 
gent, and I doubt not will in time make a man of business." 

July 6. To Rev. John Sladen. — Has received his letter. 
Introduces his son Jonathan. 

July 10. To Richard Partridge. — About payment for the 
mandamuses and obtaining leave to take his grant of £3000. 

July 10. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Is just embarking to 
meet the Indians. Wants the leave to take his grant. 

July 10. To Shadrach Walton. — Is glad he did not give 
the Collector [Anthony Reynolds] a license to marry. " You 
must be very prudent & cautious in granting licenses for 
marriage, or I will take that affair intirely into my own 

July 10. To Henry Sherburne. — Details about his visit to 
the Indians. 

July 10. To Richard Waldron. — About his journey, the choice 
of a new Assembly, etc. 

July 10. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the copper ore from 
Simsbury. " This whole town that sees the ore you have sent 
me cry out & say, Never was a gent m abus'd as I am in this 
affair." " Pray, S r , exert yourself that I may have as much 
justice as possible from these vile fellows." 

July 10. To Samuel Swift. — Directions about the management 
of his estate in iMilton. " I will allow (during my absence) 
a bottle of rum extraordinary every Saturday night to every 
four men in the work at the hill to drink the Gov r ' 8 health." 

July 31. To Spencer Phipps, from Falmouth. — Congratulations 
on his appointment as Lieutenant-Governor. " If you are 
desirous to have your commission publisht before my return, 

1732.] APPENDIX. 479 

you may desire the Council to meet & show them this letter, 
and let them know I am freely willing thereto.'* 

July 31. To Monsieur Laverjat, from Falmouth. — About the 
great disorders committed among the Indians from " the 
plague of rum," and about having a trading-house at Penob- 
scot instead of George's Island. 

Aug. 7. To Francis Harrison. — Has been to visit the Eastern 
Indians. Encloses a part of Mr. Partridge's address at the 
bar of the House of Lords in opposition to the Sugar Bill, etc. 

Aug. 7. To Rev. Samuel Whittlesey. — To introduce William 
Coldrye, " to whom I have committed the care of my interest 
in the mines at Wallingford." 

Aug. 7. To Robert Barker. — Thanks him for sending the 
copy of an " act for emitting .£20,000, which may be of 
service to this Province." 

Aug. 7. To Patrick Gordon, Governor of Pennsylvania. — 
About the sufferings of the Palatines, etc. 

Aug. 8. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the ore from the Simsbury 

Aug. 10. To Batchelor Hussey. — About the probable success 
of his application in England. 

Aug. 11. To Joseph Pitkin. — A very long letter about the ore 
from the Simsbury mine, and "the villany of the men." " My 
consideration was not whether they cou'd live by the bargain, 
but whether I cou'd. I knew it was not my business to main- 
tain a crew of rogues to my own ruin." " And another thing 
you have practis'd to my hurt, viz., too great a fear & compas- 
sion least you shou'd hurt poor men ; and this is hardly justify- 
able while you acted for another, and not for yourself. A man 
may do as he pleases for himself ; but where a man is in trust 
for another, in matters of dealing, strict justice is the rule, 
without any consideration of the circumstances of the parties. 
It was wrote over Gov r Tho s Dudley's tomb, — 

Here lyes Tho 8 Dudley, that trusty old stud, 
A bargain's a bargain & must be made good." 

Aug. 14. To Richard Partridge. — A long letter on business 
and personal matters. " I have really no great opinion of the 
opportunity you mention Jon a might have had of marrying, 
but am much more pleas'd it's blown over, and have good 

480 APPENDIX. [1732. 

reason to believe he wou'd have had nothing with the lady. 
And when I consider the vast expence I have been and am at 
in his education, with the share I intend he shall have in my 
estate, and his personal merit, I say, from all these things he 
has a just claim to a good fortune. Therefore he must not 
thro' a boyish, foolish fancy throw himself away. If he was* 
here, I cou'd marry him tomorrow to a fine young lady worth 
at least £6000 st r , and not be askt a question what I wou'd 
do for him ; and yet this wou'd not at all incline me to his 
marriage. He is too young, and in no way of living." 

Aug. 14. To Messrs. Hart & Sons. — Complains that he is not 
paid enough for his copper ore sent to England. 

Aug. 14. To the Duke of Chandos. — " Have now the honour 
to cover to your Grace two [packets] I reed this day from M r 
Harrison by the stated post, which passes from this place to 
N. York very regularly every week from March to December, 
and the three winter months but once a fortnight." " I hold 
myself under 10,000 obligations to your Grace for your great 
condescention & kind offers of serving me. It is such an 
honour & such a favour as I cannot pretend to merit, nor 
cou'd I expect. But I very well know, to delight in doing 
good to mankind is a shining part of the Duke of Chandos's 
character ; and altho' I am unknown to your Grace, yet I had 
considerable to do with you in the years 12 & 13 (as Pay- 
master) on the score of the Canada Expedition, to which 
I supply'd 8 to £10,000. Nor shall I ever forget with how 
much goodness & humanity the then Hono ble M r Bridges 
treated all mankind ; and in the year 1715 I had the honour 
to see your Grace at your charming, magnificent Edgar." 
Introduces to his Grace's " presence & knowledge " his son. 
" If your Grace has any future commands to N. York, I believe 
the opportunities to write by way of Boston are ten to one, the 
trade & navigation being so much greater betwixt London and 
this place than that of N. York." 

Aug. 14. To the Earl of Westmoreland. — Will be glad to 
serve Mr. Norton, "a relation of your Lordship's late excellent 
lady," who has gone to New York ; solicits a continuance of 
his favour to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. ; and does not doubt " by 
your Lordship's influence" Mr. Reynolds "will obtain a Leiu* 
Gov r ' s commission for N. Hampshire." 

1732.] APPENDIX. 481 

Aug. 14. To Rev. Daniel Neal. — On personal matters, Euro- 
pean news, etc. " I am sorry to hear of the wicked manage- 
ment of the Directors of the Charitable Corporation. What 
pitty 'tis that the cursed love of lucre & money shou'd block 
the progress of so noble an undertaking." 

Aug. 14. To Rev. Christopher Toppan. — Personal compli- 
ments, etc. Was satisfied with his trip to the eastward. 
" Nor was I (among other things) a little pleas'd with the 
sight of so good a country as the eastern parts, accommodated 
with fine harbours and rivers full of fish, and border'd with 
champion lands, fill'd with noble timber of all sorts, and which 
when clear'd will be fit for the scythe & the plough." 

Aug. 14. To Shadrach Walton. — Hopes to be present at the 
meeting of the Assembly. 

Aug. 14. To Henry Sherburne. — To the same purport. " I 
doubt not but Greenleafe has carefully paid in his last excise, 
it being three months since it became due ; my half year will 
be up 25 curr*'." 

Aug. 14. To Richard Waldron. - — On New Hampshire affairs. 
" You must all exert to the very utmost to have a good new 
House, and you may assure all the common people, if they 
send those who won't quarrel with the Gov r the Line will soon 
be setteld ; for it must after all be setteld here, & not at home, 
— they never will know how to do it." 

Aug. 14. To Col. William Pepperell, Jr. — About procuring 
bills of exchange. 

Aug. 14. To Richardson. — To introduce Nathaniel 

Rutter from London. 

Aug. 14. To William Cosby, Governor of New York. — Con- 
gratulates him on his arrival ; hopes Mr. Partridge will now 
be chosen Agent for New York. 

Aug. 14. To William Wanton, Governor of Rhode Island. — 
Will communicate his letter to the Council of Massachusetts. 
Introduces Mr. Rutter. 

Aug. 14. To Francis Harrison. — Will forward his packets to 
the Duke of Chandos ; thanks him " for the good news of Gov r 
Cosby's arrival." 
.ug. 15. To Isaac Royall. — About buying Usher's farm ; 
advises him to buy " uncultivated wilderness lands in this 
Province." " If you was here I am perswaded you wou'd not 


482 APPENDIX. [1732. 

be so fond as you have been of Usher's farm. It will never 
rise anything considerable in value ; but such lands as I men- 
tion will advance your estate three times faster than money 
put to interest." 

Aug. 17. To Col. Edward Moseley. — About Dr. Noyes's 
claim to Roanoke Island. 

Aug.. 17. To George Burrington, Governor of North Carolina. 
— On the same subject. " I am determin'd my kinsman shall 
leave no stone unturn'd to obtain justice in so honest a cause ; 
and if he cannot finally find it at Carolina he shall go to the 
Chancery in G fc Britain." Advises him to write to Messrs. 
Wendell about buying some wine. " I believe they will be 
best able to supply you, having a constant trade to Holland, 
from whence comes good clarett." Has had a satisfactory 
interview with the Indians, etc. 

Aug. 17. To Col. Gale. — About some complaints against 

his son. 

Aug. 21. To Richardson. — About the act for the re- 
lief of the Quakers and his readiness to do them good offices ; 
" and I expect they will do me the justice to represent me in 
a kind manner to their Friends in England." 

Aug. 21. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — About the missionaries 
to the Indians. 

Aug. 21. To Rev. Samuel Whittlesey. — About the sale of 
his farm in Meriden. 

Aug. 21. To Henry Sherburne. — His friends must exert 
themselves to get a better Assembly than the last ; intends to 
have it prorogued to October. Complains that Greenleaf has 
not paid in anything on account of the Governor's salary, but 
believes " it's best to say little to Greenleafe 'till the choice of 
the Assembly's over." 

Aug. 21. To Richard Waldron. — About New Hampshire 

Aug. 21. To Shadrach Walton. — Directs him to prorogue 
the Assembly as soon as the House has been organized. 

Aug. 22. To Messrs. Goizins. — Ships some copper to them, 
and if they give him encouragement will ship another parcel. 

Aug. 22. To Paul Mascarene. — Would have been glad if 
their affair at Whitehall had succeeded. 

Aug. 22. To Drummond. — Wishes to make an agree- 
ment with him about " coming on to my farm at Milton." 

1732.] APPENDIX. 483 

Aug. 22. To Capt. Hildreth. — Wishes to see him. 

Aug. 22. To Adolph Phillips. — To introduce Mr. Norton 
" recomended to me by my Lord Westmorland (head of the 
Board of Trade). He goes to N. York with an expectation of 
some favour from Gov r Cosby." 

Aug. 24. To Mrs. Martha Gerrish. — A very long letter to a 
kinswoman [daughter of Francis Foxcroft], exhorting her 
with numerous texts from Scripture to submission under trials. 

Aug. 25. To Richard Partridge. — Desires him " to read the 
inclos'd for Jon a , and then give it to him, and to me your 
grave solid advice in the affair [matrimony] with which he 
seems to be nettel'd at present." 

Aug. 28. To Richard Waldron. — "While God gives me life 
& health I'll endeavour for new vigour upon every difficulty ; 
and I assure you I am prepar'd for the event of the new choice, 
let it be as bad as it can ; and our friends must all show a 
manly spirit on the occasion." Refers to a report that Dun- 
bar's wife has inherited some property. 

Sept. 4. To Richard Partridge. — Acknowledges receipt of a 
letter, etc. 

Sept. 4. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — A short letter of paternal 

Sept. 4. To Shadrach Walton. — About the new House of 

Sept. 4. To Henry Sherburne. — About the new House of 
Representatives. " I shall advise with you and the rest of my 
friends about another dissolution when I see you." " As to 
Greenleafe, I desire you to go to him and tell him I take it 
very ill, that he has not paid his excise due now 4 months ; 
nor shall I take it for an answer & wait his leisure, but desire 
his bond may be put in suit that my money may be paid, and 
your particular care about it I shall take very kindly." 

Sept. 11. To Gov. William Cosby. — On personal matters and 
Mr. Partridge's obtaining the Agency for New York. 

Sept. 11. To Francis Harrison. — On the same subject. 

Sept. 11. To Shadrach Walton. — A few lines on New 
Hampshire affairs. 

Sept. 11. To Henry Sherburne. — On New Hampshire affairs. 
Has received some money from Greenleaf. 

Sept. 11. To John Jekyll. — About Custom House matters 
and attentions to his son. 

484 APPENDIX. [1732. 

Sept. 18. To Lawton. — About buying a coach-horse. 

Sept. 19. To James Munday. — Is desirous to serve Mr. Mun- 
day's friend Mrs. Hart, and wishes him to introduce Jonathan 
Belcher, Jr., to Lord Chief Justice Raymond. 

Sept. 19. To Lord Chief Justice Raymond. — To introduce 
his son. 

Sept. 19. To the Duke of Argyle. — To introduce his son. 

Sept. 19. To Richard Partridge. — About personal and busi- 
ness matters. 

Sept. 19. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — On personal matters ; 
encloses letters to be delivered. "You must find a way to 
deliver 'em so as to be of the most service to you. I know 
the Duke of Argyle is a great man with the King and in the 
House of Lords, and when I took my leave of him he treated 
me with great civility. My Lord Hay is esteem'd a fine law- 
yer. What if you shou'd get letters from the Presid 4 or some 
of your Scotch Society to introduce you to these two noblemen. 
M r Piggot said in conversation at Marblehead a few days ago 
that the Scotch Peers & Commons were Gov 1 * Belcher's fast 
friends ; therefore find out & keep up a good acquaintance 
with as many of 'em as you can without hurting your studies." 

Sept. 19. To Messrs. Goizins. — About selling his copper ore. 

Sept. 19. To Randolph. — Has forwarded his packet by 

the post to Virginia. 

Sept. 19. To William Sharp. — About Dunbar's conduct at 
the eastward. The inhabitants " seem resolv'd to spare no 
cost in the defence of their just rights, rather than be bully'd 
by such a desperado as Dunbar, who threatens to tye 'em to 
trees & whip 'em, and has now & then burnt the fruits of their 
labour. Really, S r , men of shatter'd broken fortunes hardly 
know how to use the power that's put into their hands, but 
by it very often dishonour the King. This I take to be the 
case of this poor unfortunate man who has rather prejudic'd & 
alienated the King's subjects from his government (in this 
part of the continent) than any thing else." Begs for " gilt 
paper, pens & sealing wax." 

Sept. 19. To Capt. Franklyn. — Thanks him for " a 

handsome present of hock," &c. 

Sept. 19. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — Must see and converse 
with Mr. Hinsdel, " and so must the Comissioners of the Scotch 

1732.] APPENDIX. 485 

Society here," before Mr. Hinsdel can have a commission as 
chaplain at the fort and as missionary to the Indians. 

Sept. 19. To Col. Samuel Partridge. — "I heartily rejoyce 
with you that God has in his own best time made up to you 
the loss of your first good wife & companion, in a second to 
the satisfaction of yourself & all concern'd." Gives an account 
of his visit to the Eastern Indians, in which he was accom- 
panied by Colonel Partridge's grandson. " I pray God to sup- 
port you in your advanc'd years, and when he calls you to walk 
thro' the dark valley of the shadow of death may you say with 
the Royal Prophet, I will fear no evil, for Thou art with me ; 
Thy rod and Thy staff, they comfort me. Amen." 

Sept. 20. To Francis Wilks. — About the grant from the 

Sept. 20. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury mine. 
Wishes him " to think of the sale of my farm at Merriden, 
1053 acres, for £2600; at Middleton my farm of 800 acres 
for £1200 ; my 50 acres at Podunc for the most you can get." 

Sept. 23. To the Governor of Cape Francois. — Relative to a 
claim of the owners of sloop Tryal. 

Sept. 25. To Mrs. William Partridge. — On personal matters. 

Sept. 25. To Capt. James Woodside. — About a complaint 
against him. 

Sept. 25. To Shadrach Walton. — About the adjournment of 
the Assembly and the Court of Appeals. 

Sept. 25. — To Henry Sherburne. — On the same subject. 

Sept. 25. — To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire affairs. 
Refers to the letters to Walton and Sherburne. " You must 
ask to see what I write 'em ; and you must let the Coll 11 into 
the reason of the prorogation that he may be perfectly easy, 
for you know he's brittle." 

Sept. 25. To John Frost. — About his election at Newcastle ; 
wishes 2 barrels of perry " made in the best & most curious 

Oct. 2. To Shadrach Walton. — About New Hampshire affairs. 
Is sorry the men at the fort are not paid ; " and that they are 
not is wholly owing to two or three wicked fellows that make 
the interruption of the publick affairs their whole study & 

Oct. 2. To Henry Sherburne. — About the prorogation of the 
Assembly and the Court. 

486 APPENDIX. [1732. 

Oct. 3. To Joseph Talcott. — [Printed in Collections of Conn. 
Hist. Society, vol. iv. pp. 257-259.] 

Oct. 3. To Joseph Fowler. — About their business relations. 

Oct. 5. To Eleazer Aspinwall. — About renewing the lease 
of a farm. 

Oct. 9. To Norton. — Acknowledges receipt of a letter 

from him. 

Oct. 9. To Adolph Phillips. — About personal matters. 

Oct. 9. To Rev. Samuel Whittlesey. — About his farm at 
Meriden and the Simsbury mine. 

Oct. 9. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury mine. 

Oct. 9. To Lieut.-Gov. Laurence Armstrong. — About carry- 
ing on trade with the Indians at St. John's River. 

Oct. 9. To Col. Alexander Spotswood. — Has appointed John 
Boydell deputy postmaster at Boston, to prevent any interrup- 
tion of the business of the office. 

Oct. 17. To Capt. John Giles. — About the discharge of a 

Oct. 18. To Lord Chancellor King. — " Same to Attorney & 
Sollicitor Gen 11 and Sir Joseph Jekyl." Sends a printed 
volume containing the Charter and Laws of the Province. 

Oct. 20. To Richard Partridge. — Refers him to the letter to 
Jonathan Belcher, Jr. ; is " sensible it wou'd be of great ad- 
vantage to this country, to me, & to my son " that he might 
get into Parliament in due time ; has a not very favourable 
opinion of Governor Cosby ; gives minute directions about a 
new head for his cane, etc. 

Oct. 20. To Alured Popple. — Will transmit annual reports 
with respect to any provincial laws, manufactures, or trade 
" which may affect the trade, navigation & manufactures of 
the kingdom of G* Britain. " 

Oct. 21. To John Morton. — On the death of Rev. Dr. Calamy. 

Oct. 21. To Messrs. Waters. — Will pay the balance of his 
account as soon as he can purchase some bills. 

Oct. 23. To Richard Waldron. — About New Hampshire 
affairs. " How shall we be able to part with our dear joye ? 
yet you'll find by this post he must be torn from us, almost as 
suddenly as rovers are sometimes tric'd up for piracy. I 
fancy your Spanish merchant's crest will soon drop into his 
breeches. The Gov r ' 9 advices from Whitehall are constantly 

1732.J APPENDIX. 487 

agreeable, except what I'll tell you when you make your fall 
journey, which I depend on. It's relating to Miss Keese's 
lover, who may not perhaps return hither." 

Oct. 23. To Rev. Christopher Toppan. — Informs him " that 
the order for Dunbar's quitting the eastern country may be 
expected by the next ship." 

Oct. 23. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — His son Andrew is 
going to take a view of Mortlake. 

Oct. 23. To Francis Harrison. — Personal compliments, etc. 

Oct. 23. To Henry Sherburne. — A few lines about New 
Hampshire matters. 

Oct. 23. To Shadrach Walton. — About New Hampshire 
affairs. "lam apt to think the mighty politicians will begin 
to sicken in a little time." 

Oct. 25. To John Jekyll. — Thanks him for an introduction 
of his son to Sir Joseph Jekyll. 

Oct. 25. To Francis Wilks. — Desires his good services for 
Mr. Boydell, who has been appointed postmaster at Boston. 

Oct. 25. To Lord Townshend. — Personal compliments ; an- 
nounces the arrival of " his Majesty's ship, the Scarborro, 
Cap* Durell, with whom came your Lordship's son, the Hono ble 
M r Ge° Townshend." " I humbly pray your Lordship to allow 
my son the honour & happiness of being brought into your 
presence & of paying his profound duty & deference to his 
father's best patron and benefactor." 

Oct. 25. To Josiah Burchett, Secretary of the Admiralty. — 
To introduce Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Oct. 25. To Sir Thomas Frankland. — Praises " your pretty 
little nephew M r T. Frankland." " If I have any skill, he will 
in time make a good officer in the navy. He is one of lively 
parts, good temper, good spirits, modest, sober, & manly." 
Shall " always esteem your civility & friendship to my son of 
the Temple." 

Oct. 27. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Cautions him not to 
talk too much about getting into Parliament. " It is much 
better the world shou'd know a thing when in esse than when 
in fieri; for mankind is wicked, full of ill nature & envy, and 
when a man misses his aim they are full of sneer & ridicule. 
That it's best for a man to keep himself to himself as much 
as prudently he may." " As I have said to you often, so I 

488 APrENDIX. [1732. 

now repeat that you always unseal & read my letters, but you 
must do it with care not to disfigure or marr the seals ; then 
reseal & deliver them with proper thought how & when to do 
it, as may be most to your own service & advantage." " When 
you wait upon persons of any distinction you must always take 
a chair or coach ; and if not too far a chair is handsomest." 

Oct. 30. To Col. Alexander Spotswood. — About the death 
of Mr. Marshal, postmaster at Boston, and the appointment of 
Mr. John Boydell. 

Oct. 23. To Andrew Belcher. — Instructions for his journey to 

Oct. 30. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the claim of 
the town of Farmington to a part of his Meriden farm. 

Nov. 3. Speech to the General Assembly of Massachusetts. 
[Printed in the New-England Weekly Journal, Nov. 13, 

Nov. 6. To William Fairfax. — Will forward his letters to 

Nov. 6. To Richard Waldron. — About the appointment of 
new members of the Council and other New Hampshire 

Nov. 6. To Adolph Phillips. — About their business relations. 

Nov. 6. To Brian Fairfax. — Thanks for attentions to Jonathan 
Belcher, Jr. ; wishes William Fairfax may succeed to the 
Collectorship of Boston on the death of the present incumbent. 

Nov. 6. To Martin Bladen. — About the proposed appointment 
of Mr. Fairfax. 

Nov. 7. To Joseph Pitkin. — About working the Simsbury 

Nov. 11. To William Sharp. — About getting " some stationary 

Nov. 11. To Richard Partridge. — Is sorry there is no expec- 
tation that Mr. Partridge will succeed to the agency of New 
York ; is preparing a long letter to the Lords of Trade. 

Nov. 11. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Sends duplicates of 
letters sent by Captain Bennett, and lost. 

Nov. 11. To the Bishop of London. — Application for aid to 
Samuel Granger, " the only schoolmaster in this town of the 
C hh of England." 

Nov. 11. To Rev. Samuel Whittlesey. — About his right to 
the mines in Wallingford. 

1732.] APPENDIX. 489 

Nov. 13. To George Bunker. — Has received two barrels of tur- 
nips, and wants two more. " I am a great admirer of them, & 
eat no other roots." 

Nov. 13. To Col. Thomas Westbrook. — Has received some 
potatoes, and wants some white ash knots. ' 

Nov. 13. To Henry Sherburne. — A few lines about " the mar- 
riage of the young lady." 

Nov. 13. To Richard Waldron. — About new members of the 

Nov. 20. To Ellis Huske. — About sending a bill of exchange, 

Nov. 20. To William Pepperell, Jr. — About his father's 
dangerous symptoms. 

Nov. 20. To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire matters. 
" Doubtless Teague [Dunbar] embarks for the bogs in the 
vessel you mention." 

Nov. 20. To Col. John Stoddard. — About encroachments on 
his land, etc. 

Nov. 20. To Capt. Timothy Dwight. — On the same subjects. 

Nov. 20. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — About the encroach- 
ments on his land, and keeping up the complement of men in 

Nov. 20. To Col. Samuel Thaxter. — Is sorry to hear of the 
illness of his son ; wants a boat-load of hay. " I don't remem- 
ber when the winter has set in so soon & held so steady." 

Nov. 20. To Maj. Samuel Swift. — About wages at Milton. 

Nov. 20. To Rev. Samuel Whittlesey. — To introduce Mr. 
North Ingham, " who is partner with Coll 11 Winthrop, and 
comes to view the mines at Wallingford." 

Nov. 20. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — A long letter about 
his farms and tenants at Mortlake. 

Nov. 21. To the Lords of Trade. — Refers to his letter of Dec. 
4, 1731, which he corroborates, and adds : " Since my last letter 
on these heads, there is another paper mill set up at Falmouth 
in Casco Bay, but the undertakers have not yet begun on that 
manufacture for want of material." As regards New Hamp- 
shire, " I think I omitted to say, that after the passing the act 
there (about 10 years since) for encouraging iron works, the 
then Gov r & Council made a grant of about 8000 acres of the 
King's lands in that Province as a further encouragment to 


490 APPENDIX. [1732. 

the proprietors and undertakers of those iron works. I also 
forgot to advise your Lordships that there is no impost, nor 
has been any impost act in that Province for 7 or 8 years 
past. But the port is upon that head open & free, and nothing 
coming into the Treasury that way, and the excise which is 
some support to that government has decreast this last year." 
The greater part of the letter is nearly identical with the letter 
of the same date to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Nov. 21. To Arthur Onslow. — Relates to giving a bounty for 
naval stores. 

Nov. 21. To Fisher Jackson, at Hackney. — Thanks him for a 
present of flower seeds and roots. 

Nov. 21. To John Jackson. — Compliments, etc. 

Nov. 25. To John Lloyd. — Will write by the next conveyance. 

Nov. 25. To Mrs. Hannah Bull. — Will write by the next ship. 

Nov. 25. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Mentions Dunbar's offer 
to resign ; hopes Reynolds may succeed to the Lieutenancy. 
" I see you fall in with my thoughts of 18 Sept r to have a 
degree from Oxford by hook or by crook, ad eundem." Is 
afraid he shall lose his salary. 

Nov. 25. To Richard Waldron. — About the appointment of a 
new Lieutenant-Governor. " One Tomlinson has at last paid 
for " the three mandamuses. " The order for our dear joye's 
removal is come, and you'll read it *F this post's prints, & find 
it very full, confirming the jurisdiction of this government & 
the grant of soil as far as S fc Croix." Has sent forward his 
nominations of " Coll 11 J. Sherburne, Cap* Husk & Wibird" 
Inquires whether he had better make a winter journey to 
Portsmouth or wait until the spring. 

Nov. 29. To Capt. John Minot. — Informs him of the death 
of his father, and at the request of his brother gives him 
leave of absence. 

Nov. 29. To Capt. John Giles. — Sends messages to the Indians 
about being abused with rum or other strong drink, etc. 

Nov. 30. To Capt. John Giles. — Thanks him for some ducks ; 
wants four hundred hogsheads of lime, and " a very fine can- 
noo that will carry six padlers & a steersman, & the paddles 
to be very handsome." 

Dec. 1. Message to the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives. — Transmits papers about Castle William, etc., and as 

1732.] APPENDIX. 491 

he expects to go to New Hampshire desires them to give 
despatch to the public business. 

Dec. 2. To Josiah Willard, Secretary. — Forbids him to lay 
before the House of Representatives or any committee of the 
House, any accounts of money due from the Province until 
they have been allowed by the Governor and Council. 

Dec. 4. To Messrs. Hart. — About their sales of his copper 

Dec. 4. To Messrs. Goizins. — Sends them a shipment of copper 

Dec. 4. To Richard Waldron. — About Lieutenant-Governor 
Dunbar and the mandamuses. 

Dec. 4. To Ellis Huske. — About the payment for his manda- 
mus and making up his accounts as Deputy Collector. 

Dec. 5. To Thomas Coram. — About European politics. 

Dec. 5. To Rev. John Guyse, D.D. — Thanks him for an 
" obliging, ingenious, religious letter," and replies at length, 
mostly in texts from the Scriptures. " Our wayes & our 
times are all, Sir, in God's hands ; and I desire to adore that 
God who hath fed me all my life long unto this day, and to 
submit myself in all things to the carvings of His providence, 
and I hope in time things will grow more easy & pacific in the 
governm te cofhitted to my care, which must be great & watch- 
full, that by the grace of God I may (above all things) keep 
my conscience unspotted in the whole of my administ n ." 

Dec. 8. To the Commissioners of Customs. — Has administered 
the oaths to Mr. Peagrum, Surveyor-General for the Northern 
Colonies, in the room of Mr. Bacon deceased. 

Dec. 11. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Parental injunctions and 
advice about being a candidate for Parliament. 

Dec. 11. To Richard Partridge. — Wishes leave to take his 
support as voted by the Assembly ; advises about Jonathan's 
candidacy for Parliament. 

Dec. 11. To Pepys. — Hopes he will not be uneasy at the 

delay in paying the balance due him. 

Dec. 11. To Hooper. — To the same purport. 

Dec. 15. Message to the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives. — Reminds them of his message " about 14 days ago." 

Dec. 11. To Henry Sherburne. — A short note about New 
Hampshire affairs. 

492 APPENDIX. [1732. 

Dec. 18. To Ellis Huske. — About his accounts, etc. 

Dec. 18. To Henry Sherburne. — On New Hampshire affairs. 
Will not be able to go to Portsmouth at the time proposed. 

Dec. 18. To Shadrach Walton. — To the same purport. 

Dec. 19. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Parental injunctions. 
" I am very sorry your uncle has lispt anything to M r W. F. 
of your getting into the H. of C s . He is not capable of giving 
the least assistance in any respect towards it, nor wou'd he do 
it if he was. Your uncle is too open in his matters to the 
wicked world. H. C. told me what your uncle had said to 
him of the business with a contemptuous air, and spoke of it 
about town by way of ridicule ; and if it comes to nothing, 
let it be for never so good reason, yet it will give glee & 
pleasure to mine & your enemies. I therefore once more say, 
Secrecy is the soul of business. Things may & will become 
publick when in esse, but they shou'd as little as possible when 
in fieri. Let it therefore for the future be a standing rule with 
your uncle & you to write to no person relating to me or your- 
self, or any of my family, but what comes open under my 
cover to be us'd at my discretion." 

Dec. 25. To Nathaniel Blagrove. — About the settlement of 
Nicholas Moorey's estate. 

Dec. 25. To Bours. — Relative to a complaint against 

Mr. Barker, Sheriff of Plymouth County. 

Dec. 26. To Thomas Reynolds. — Personal compliments, etc. ; 
wishes him " to act the part of a brother to my son." 

Dec. 26. To Anthony Reynolds. — Personal compliments. 

Dec. 26. To John Morton. — Hears nothing at present but that 
Mr. Calamy is doing well in his office of Under Sheriff for 
Essex. Is under obligations for respect to his son. " I shall 
esteem your advice & assistance to him when he arrives at a 
proper age for marry iage (5 or 6 years hence). I think he'll 
make an agreeable pleasant husband." 

Dec. 26. To Rev. Edmund Calamy. — Condoles with him on 
the death of his father. Will advise his brother " just as I 
wou'd my own son." Desires his notice and conversation with 
Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Dec. 27. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About the mandamuses 
for New Hampshire. " Shove, the Represent™ [from Dighton, 
Mass.] is my mortal enemy in the H. of Repr. Tell your 

1732-3.] APPENDIX, 493 

uncle therefore to get Popple to write me of the treasonable 
speech he says he made in the House last summer, and to 
support it in the best manner ; and I believe I cou'd get him 
expell'd the House, or at least expose him to his vast mortifi- 
cation. It wou'd gratify me much to have such a letter from 
Popple ; and to have a letter also from D. N. Castle wou'd do 
me eminent service.' , Will agree to whatever is thought best 
about Jonathan's being a candidate for Parliament, " but your 
uncle & you must forbear the attempt without the highest 
probability of success." 


Jan. 1. To Shadrach Walton. — About Jerry Dunbar and the 
mandamuses for Peirce, Atkinson, and Wentworth. 

Jan. 1. To Henry Sherburne. — « The brains of your politicians 
are hardly skin deep. The Irish clan must vomit up their 
darling eastern country. I am told Jerry Dunbar is at present 
under the examinat n of the House of Representatives ; what 
will be fixed upon him I am not able to judge." * Complains 
about the withholding of the mandamuses for the new Coun- 
cillors. " But I will not have one o