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5Enibersttg Press: 
John Wilson and Son, Cambridge. 




Officers of the Society, elpcted April 13, 1893" ... vii 

Resident Members viii 

Honorary and Corresponding Members x 

Members Deceased xii 

Preface xiii 

The Belcher Papers 3 

Appendix 455 

Index 565 




Elected April 13, 1893. 

Rev. GEORGE E. ELLIS, D.D., LL.D. Boston. 



Iiecorbmg ^emtarg. 
Rev. EDWARD J. YOUNG, D.D Waltham. 

Comsponbmg ^jecretarg. 


Hon. SAMUEL A. GREEN, M.D Boston. 

Cabinet- Jljeeper. 
SAMUEL F. McCLEARY, A.M Brookline. 

^umtxbz Committee of t^e Countil. 

Rev. henry F. JENKS, A.M. . Canton. 

HORACE E. SCUDDER, A.B Cambridge. 


Rev. ALEXANDER McKENZIE, D.D Cambridge. 

Hon. JOHN D. WASHBURN, LL.B Worcester. 

* Died Nov. 8, 1893. [vii] 




Hon. Robert C. Wintlirop, LL.D. 

Rev. George E. Ellis, LL.D. 

Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes, D.C.L. 

Hon. Leverett Salton stall, A.M. 

Hon. Samuel A. Green, M.D. 
Charles Eliot Norton, LL.D. 

Rev. Edward E. Hale, D.D. 
Hon. Horace Gray, LL.D. 
Rev. Edwards A. Park, LL.D. 

William H. Whitmore, A.M. 

Hon. William C. Endicott, LL.D. 
Hon. E. Rockwood Hoar, LL.D. 

Josiah P. Quincy, A.M. 

Samuel Eliot, LL.D. 

Henry G. Denny, A.M. 

Charles C. Smith, A.M. 

Hon. George S. Hale, A.M. 


William S. Appleton, A.M. 
Hon. Theodore Lyman, LL.D. 

Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M. 
Edward D. Harris, Esq. 

Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, LL.D. 
Winslow Warren, LL.B. 
Charles W. Eliot, LL.D. 

Charles F. Dunbar, LL.D. 
Charles Francis Adams, A.B. 
William P. Upham, A.B. 

Hon. William Everett, LL.D. 
George B. Chase, A.M. 
Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge, LL.D. 

John T. Morse, Jr., A.B. 
Justin Winsor, LL.D. 
J. Elliot Cabot, LL.D. 

Henry Lee, A.M. 
Gamaliel Bradford, A.B. 
Rev. Edward J. Young, D.D. 
Hon. John Lowell, LL.D. 



William W. Greenough, A.B. 
Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., A.M. 
Henry W. Haynes, A.M. 

Thomas W. Higginson, A.M. 
Rev. Edward G. Porter, A.M. 
John C. Ropes, LL.B. 

Rev. Henry F. Jenks, A.M. 
Horace E. Scudder, A.B. 
Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, D.D. 
Hon. Stephen Salisbury, A.M. 
John T. Hassam, A.M. 
Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D.D. 

Arthur Lord, A.B. 
Arthur B. Ellis, LL.B. 
Clement Hugh Hill, A.M. 
Frederick W. Putnam, A.M. 
James M. Bugbee, Esq. 
Hon. John D. Washburn, LL.B. 
Rev. Egbert C. Smyth, D.D. 

Francis A. Walker, LL.D. 
Rev. Arthur L. Perry, LL.D. 

Hon. John E. Sanford, A.M. 
Uriel H. Crocker, LL.B. 
Hon. Martin Brimmer, A.B. 
Hon. Roger Wolcott, LL.B. 
William G. Russell, LL.D. 
Edward J. Lowell, A.M. 
Edward Channing, Ph.D. 

Hon. Lincoln F. Brigham, LL.D. 

Samuel F. McCleary, A.M. 
William W. Goodwin, D.C.L. 
Hon. George F. Hoar, LL.D. 
Rev. Alexander V. G. Allen, D.D. 

Charles G. Loring, A.M. 
Rev. Octavius B. Frothingham, A.M. 
Solomon Lincoln, A.M. 
Edwin P. Seaver, A.M. 

Albert B. Hart, Ph.D. 
Thornton K. Lothrop, LL.B. 
George O. Shattuck, LL.B. 
James B. Thayer, LL.B. 
Hon. Henry S. Nourse, A.M. 

Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, A.M. 
Hamilton Andrews Hill, LL.D. 
Hon. William S. Shurtleff, A.M. 
Abbott Lawrence Lowell, LL.B. 

Benjamin M. Watson, A.B. 
Rev. Samuel E. Herrick, D.D. 
Hon. Oliver W. Holmes, Jr., LL.D. 
Henry P. Walcott, M.D. 

John Fiske, A.M. 
George S. Merriam, A.M. 

Edward L. Pierce, LL.D. 
Hon. Charles R. Codman, LL.B. 
Barrett Wendell, A.B. 
James F. Rhodes, LL.D. 

Hon. Edward F. Johnson, LL.B. 



J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.D. | Rev. William S. Southgate, D.D. 



James Anthony Froude, M.A. 
Rt. Rev. Lord A. C. Hervey, D.D. 
David Masson, LL.D. 
S.A.R. le Comte de Paris. 
Rt. Rev. AVilliam Stubbs, D.D. 
Hon. William M. Evarts, LL.D. 


Theodor Mommsen. 
Marquis de Rochambeau. 
John Robert Seeley, LL.D. 
William E. H. Lecky, LL.D. 
Ernst Curtius. 
Hon. Carl Schurz, LL.D. 



Hon. William H. Trescot. 
William Noel Sainsbury, Esq. 
Goldwin Smith, D.C.L. 
George Ticknor Curtis, A.B. 
Hon. John Meredith Read, A.M. 
Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D. 
Charles J. Stille, LL.D. 
William W. Story, D.C.L. 
M. Jules Marcou. 
M. Pierre Margry. 
Charles J. Hoadly, LL.D. 
John Foster Kirk, LL.D. 
Hon. Manning F. Force, LL.B. 
Samuel llawson Gardiner, LL.D. 
Hon. John Bigelow, LL.D. 
Henry Charles Lea, LL.D. 
Hubert H. Bancroft, A.M. 
Rev. Richard S. Storrs, LL.D. 
M. Gustave Vapereau. 
John Austin Stevens, A.B. 
Joseph F. Loubat, LL.D. 
Charles H. Hart, LL.B. 
Rev. Moses Coit Tyler, LL.D. 
Hermann von Hoist, Ph.D. 
Franklin B. Dexter, A.M. 

John M. Brown, A.M. 

Hon. Andrew D. White, LL.D. 

George W. Ranck, Esq. 

James M. Le Moine, Esq. 

Rt. Hon. Sir George O. Trevelyan, 

Bart., D.C.L. 
Henry Adams, A.B. 
Julius Dexter, A.B. 
Rev. Henry M. Baird, D.D. 
Hon. William Wirt Henry. 
Vicomte d'Haussonville. 
Rt. Hon. James Bryce, D.C.L. 
Rev. Charles R. Weld, B.D. 
Herbert B. Adams, Ph.D. 
Signer Cornelio Desimoni. 
Hon. Jabez L. M. Curry, LL.D. 
Amos Perry, LL.D. 
Horatio Hale, A.M. 
Hon. William A. Courtenay. 
Rt. Rev. Mandell Creighton, LL.D. 
John Andrew Doyle, M.A. 
Abbe Henry Raymond Casgrain, 

Alexander Brown, Esq. 
John Nicholas Brown, Esq. 



Members who have died since the last volume of the Collections was issued, June 1, 
1893y arranged in the order of their election, and with date of death. 


Francis Parkman, LL.D Nov. 8, 1893. 

Henry W. Torrey, LL.D Dec. U, 1893. 

Abbott Lawrence, A.M July 6, 1893. 

Edward Bangs, LL.B Feb. 17, 1894. 

Edwin L. Bynner, LL.B Aug. 5, 1893. 


Very Rev. Charles Merivale, D.D Dec. 27, 1893. 


Hon. Charles H. Bell, LL.D Nov. 11, 1893. 

Rev. Edward D. Neill, D.D Sept. 26, 1893. 

William F. Poole, LL.D Mar. 1, 1894. 



nPHIS volume comprises a selection and calendar of 
Governor Belcher's official and private letters from 
Jan. 23, 1733-4, to July 25, 1743, with the exception of 
those written between April 21, 1735, and Aug. 24, 1739, 
which period is not covered by his Letter-Books in the 
possession of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 
The original letters to Secretary Waldron are, however, 
among the unbound manuscripts of the New Hampshire 
Historical Society, and will in part supply the unfor- 
tunate loss of the Letter-Books. They have never been 
printed, but were partially examined in the preparation 
of this volume. They do not differ in character from the 
numerous letters to Waldron now printed. With no one 
else was Belcher so open and unreserved as he was with 
Waldron, in whose shrewdness, ability, and personal 
devotion to the Governor he had great confidence. In 
September, 1753, after Waldron's death he wrote : " To 
the last period of my short life I shall have the highest 
honor and respect for his fragrant memory." And in 
another letter he expressed the opinion that the whole 
of New Hampshire could not make good the loss of 


In his correspondence Governor Belcher often refers 
to his '' restless enemies " ; and there is abundant evi- 
dence that they were alert, active, and pertinacious 
in prosecuting their ends. But in these qualities 
they could scarcely have surpassed the Governor him- 
self. Not only was he one of the most methodical of 
men, carrying into domestic and public life the habits 
which he had learned in his mercantile experience, but 
he was always watchful to advance his own interests, 
and to circumvent the plans of the large number of 
men in various stations in life whom he regarded as 
personal enemies and described as villains. He was 
an unwearied letter-writer, and by every ship to Eng- 
land he sent over a large parcel of letters, often, 
indeed, in almost identical words to several correspond- 
ents ; and his letters to persons on this side of the 
Atlantic were not less numerous. Not one of them 
deserves to be read for its literary merit ; but they 
throw important light on the period preceding the Amer- 
ican Revolution, and bring into strong relief the causes 
which led up to the armed resistance by the colonies 
to the mother country. The characters of the Royal 
Governors count for much in any thorough study of 
our pre-Revolutionary history. 

Governor Belcher's personal characteristics were well 
described more than a century ago by Thomas Hutchin- 
son, and they come out very clearly in his correspond- 
ence. It is easy to see how such a man weakened the 
hold of Great Britain on her subjects here, while he was 
zealously contending for what he was wont to call " the 
honour of the Crown." With a singular want of tact he 


speedily aroused personal and political opposition, in both 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire ; and even the men 
who owed their advancement to him became his adver- 
saries, and were bitterly denounced by him. He was 
never measured in his language, and his estimates of 
his contemporaries must be taken with great allowance. 
With a few conspicuous exceptions they all came at one 
or another time under his severe displeasure, and were 
painted in the blackest colors. Any one who should 
accept Belcher's descriptions for truthful portraits, and 
his abusive epithets as justly applied, would have but a 
poor opinion of human nature. 

Questions of considerable importance at the time agi- 
tated the two Provinces under Belcher's authority during 
the years covered by the present volume. Prominent 
among these were the settlement of the boundary line 
between Massachusetts and New Hampshire ; the ap- 
pointment of a separate Governor for the smaller 
Province ; the establishment of the Land Bank and the 
emission of paper currency ; and the raising of men for 
the expedition against the Spanish West Indies. On 
these and on other questions affecting in a greater or 
lesser degree the relations of the mother country and 
the Provinces, there will be found abundant information. 
In respect to one of them, the currency question, Belcher 
held views far in advance of the opinions and wishes of 
the great mass of the community, and his strenuous 
opposition to the advocates of a paper currency was 
among the chief causes of his overthrow, as he was 
well aware. 

In his family life he does not appear to have been 


hnppy. His eldest son, Andrew, was without ambition, 
and had none of the father's restless activity. He was 
indolent, dilatory in all his movements, and provokingly 
negligent in looking after his own interests. His disin- 
clination to marry when a young man was also a dis- 
appointment to the Governor ; and his marriage in his 
forty-eighth year to the daughter of Belcher's second 
wife by a former husband was a source of undis- 
guised satisfaction.* The son-in-law, Byfield Lyde, 
was unfortunate in business, and more than once was 
dependent with his family on the father-in-law. Jona- 
than, the favorite son, constantly tried the Governor's 
patience and affection by his extravagance and his 
careless ways. Finally he ceased for many months 

* In the Preface to the First Part of the Belcher Papers it was inadvertently 
stated that Andrew Belcher died unmarried. The fact of his marriage was well 
known ; but the name of his wife has not, we believe, appeared in print. In a 
letter dated at Elizabethtown, April 5, 1754, Governor Belcher writes to his nephew 
Andrew Oliver : " I am now with pleasure to advise you that my son's marriage 
with my wife's very good daughter was consummated yesterday in the evening, 
about 8 o'clock, and I think to the good satisfaction of all concern'd therein ; and I 
pray God that they may be long happy, living together as heirs of the grace of life. 
Amen." In anticipation of the marriage, an indenture was entered into, March 
27, 1754, between Governor Belcher, his son Andrew, and Elizabeth Teale, which 
is recorded in Suffolk Deeds, lib. 85, fol. 200. Under this indenture the lady 
advanced to the Governor £1,800 sterling, wliich was applied to the payment of 
the old debt due to the estate of John Lloyd, repeatedly mentioned in the Gov- 
ernor's correspondence, and of a mortgage to Sir Peter Warren ; and on his part 
the Governor conveyed to Andrew Belcher and Elizabeth Teale all his estate in 
Milton, Dorchester, and Braintree. After the Governor's death, in 1757, his widow 
removed to Milton to be with her children ; and the mother and daughter, both 
widows, were living there in 1778 or 1779. (See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. iv. p. 140.) 
In a footnote to the account of Governor Belcher in his Biographical Dictionary, 
Rev. Dr. John Eliot says, Andrew Belcher's house "at Milton was consumed, 
1776, in the night, by an accident. His widow, with the old lady. Gov. Belcher's 
widow, who resided with her, hardly escaped the flames. They were carried into 
the barn, put into the family coach, and forgotten till all was over. The barn was 
near the house but was preserved, there being little or no wind stirring. The 
writer of this article recollects taking tea with the ladies in this barn, which was 
fitted up for a temporary reception. They conversed with cheerfulness upon the 
pubiick changes, and the changes in their own circumstances." 


together to write to his father, who had lavished large 
sums on his education and support in England, in the 
vain hope that he would there marry a rich wife or 
work into a lucrative practice. In spite of the Governor's 
fondness for display, he clung closely to his money, and 
was exacting, sometimes even harsh and unfeeling, in his 
pecuniary transactions; but for Jonathan he incurred 
debt freely, though with a good deal of grumbling. 
About three years before the father's death, this son 
was appointed Chief Justice of Nova Scotia, and he was 
afterward made Lieutenant-Governor of the Province, 
where his memory is still held in honor. 

No reader can fail to notice the strain of religious feel- 
ing which runs through many of the Governor's letters, 
and is indeed in some very striking instances the whole 
substance of them. How far this was merely the formal 
^nd conventional phraseology of the time in the religious 
communion to which he belonged, and how far it was the 
natural expression of his own deepest convictions, are 
questions which will occur to every reader, and which do 
not seem to admit of a very positive answer. But this 
is not the proper place for any discussion of them. The 
letters here printed afford ample materials for a full con- 
sideration of these and other questions connected with 
his personal and official character. 

While in public life, Governor Belcher employed sev- 
eral different clerks, one after another, most of whom 
wrote a very legible hand, but in other respects their 
qualifications were far from being equal. Apparently 
the letters were written either from dictation or from 
rough drafts in the Governor's own handwriting, which 


in middle life was very bad ; and there are often correc- 
tions or additions made by him. In general, the letters 
are arranged chronologically, but in some cases they are 
copied into the Letter-Books without regard to their 
date. This is perhaps due to the difficulty of finding 
opportunities for forwarding letters after they were writ- 
ten, especially such as were intrusted to a private hand 
or were to be sent abroad. Generally the Christian 
names of the persons to whom letters were sent are 
not given in the Letter-Books ; and in some instances 
it has not been possible to identify them. 

The portrait which is prefixed to this volume is a 
heliotype reproduction, in reduced size, of a mezzotint 
engraving by the younger John Faber, from a portrait, 
of uncertain date, painted by Kichard Phillips. It is no 
doubt the same engraving which Mr. Newman and the 
younger Belcher had made in London in 1734, and for 
which the young man and Mr. Partridge were sharply 
rebuked. Besides two copies of this engraving, the 
Massachusetts Historical Society owns an original por- 
trait in oil by F. Liopoldt, painted in London in 1729. 
The two portraits bear a close resemblance to each 
other ; and without doubt they give a faithful represen- 
tation of the Governor's personal appearance, though he 
thought the Phillips picture "• not much like." 

For the Committee, 

Charles C. Smith. 

Boston, March 27, 1894. 





My dear Son, - — My last was a few lines T Prince. I 
am now to own your dutifull letter of 23 Ocf" last came to 
hand 23 ult' T Wingfield (while I was at N. Hamp), and 
I have re'd it once & again with much satisfaction, and 
altho' it is lengthy (yet as it is chiefly in answer to 9 of 
mine) it does not require me to say a great deal. The 
ceremony at Cambridge must be a pretty amusement. 

As to your annual expence, I am content to allow it to 
be £200 st'' a year, observing to you that I expect it 
shou'd alwayes make you appear pretty & handsome. I 
shall be pleas'd to find you have a degree at Oxford 
ad eiindem. Oh, that M"" Eeynolds might obtain the N. 
Ham]5 Leiutenancy. 

I enclose you an old News Letter to show you the 
present Duke of N. Castle has condescended to write 
even to a Leiu* Gov'' of this Province. Yet if you can't 
obtain such a favour for me I must be content. 

I now write your uncle about cutting of your hair, 
and it's my positive order that on rec* of this you get on 
a handsome, fair long wigg. I now perfectly acquiesce 
in your reasons for so doing. I take notice you are to 
have your call to the bar at Easter Term. I pray God, 
you may go thither to his honour & to your own, & to 
your profit. Your uncle is very kind in the handsome fee 
he intends you before the King & Council. I am told 


that it will be best for you to appear but in little business 
for the first two years. And to speak before the King & 
Council requires stroug thought & good elocution, and 
you must take care not to make any baulk at first 
setting out. 

I observe the Duke of Chandos's great condescention in 
his letters to you, and hope you'll endeavour to deserve 
his patronage more & more. Pray, give my duty to his 
Grace, and let him know I have duly forwarded his letter 
to M'' Harrison ; and M' Shirley has his. 

I am glad (as you mist M'' Dickens at Cambridge) that 
you had the good fortune of M'' Sanderson's instructions 
in algebra & other parts of the mathematicks ; consider- 
ing his loss of sight from his infancy he is one of the 
wonders of his age. As soon as Michaelmass Term was 
over I see you intended again to your beloved Cambridge, 
to get under your Civilian's tuition. I am told the knowl- 
edge of the Civil Law, as well as the Common, is neces- 
sary to make a good Chancery man, where I suppose you 
intend to point your practice. 

It wou'd please me above all things to have ColF H. 
Sherburne my Leiu* at New Hampshire ; but any body 
rather than the creature that is at present. Give my 
humble service to M"" Popple, and keep a good under- 
standing with him. If 100 or 150 g' properly plac'd 
wou'd get the commission, ColP Sherburne wou'd not 
begrutch it. 

I will take a seasonable opportunity to resent the prig 
parson's rudeness & ill nature. When M"" Marshal puts 
his matters into a proper situation your brother will do 
him any service in his power. 

I am pleas'd with your design of an epithalamium for 
the Prince & Princess of Orange. Pray, let me have 
a copy of it. I thank you for the three volumns of 
Baronettage. You are very good in your resolutions 
about the great affair of matrimony. First get to the 


bar, and if possible into the House of Commons, and 
then Miss Reed of Hackney is a fine young lady.^ I am 
glad you so well bestow'd the squirells. 

I will endeavour to send Sir Rob* Clark some New 
England seeds & plants that are strangers to Britain. 

Inclos'd is my ace" as it will stand with your uncle in a 
moneth or two, by which you'll see I shall not be much in 
his debt, and I will send him more bills as fast as I can 
get 'em. 

By all means pursue the matter of a Fellowship at 
your University. It will be an honour & help support 
you. And as you are now near 24 years of age, it's time 
to look about you, and to find out some way of getting 
money as well as spending it. 

I own it's a vast condescention in the D. of Chandos 
to write in your favour to a gent"" to whom he is not 

The grand affair of Tamworth lyes much upon my 
mind. The deed is drawing for the estate I shall give 
you, which I think is worth £20,000 this money. I will 
get it done in the most substantial manner and send 
you T the first ship after Clark. It had gone T Cary, 
but my moneth's absence at N. Hampshire prevented, and 
I am looking out for a bill of £500 sf" to defrey the 
charge of your election. So your uncle & you & all your 
friends must omit nothing to accomplish this cardinal 
point. But I will write more fully on this T Clark, to 
you, your uncle, M"" Crosland, the corporation, to the 
B^ of Lincoln, & to the Chancellor, into whose hands 
you'll put so good a stake by way of exchange as to take 
a very safe oath as to the estate he sells you. 

I am much gratify' d with the particular ace" of the 
treatment of every person to whom I recommended you. 

God preserve you & succeed all your laudable under- 

* See 6 Mass. Hist Coll. vol. vi. p. 313 note. —Eds. 


takings. 1 remain with an indelible affection, dear 

Your carefull and fond father. J. B. 

Boston, FeV 2, 1733/4. 

^ Knox. Clark. 


Much nox° Lord, — If I had not the pleasing idea of 
the excess of your Lordship's goodness & condescention, 
I dare not address your Lordship in this manner, after 
not hearing whether mine of 26 Dec'', 1732, had the 
honour of kissing your Lordship's hands. However, as 
M"" Belcher of the Temple is constantly giving me the 
agreeable account of the continuance of your Lordship's 
paternal smiles & favour towards him, I cannot be silent, 
but from the very bottom of my soul I send your Lord- 
ship my gratefull acknowledgments. 

My son tells me M"" Reynolds is marry 'd,"^ and if to 
your Lordship's approbation I beg leave most heartily to 
congratulate him & your Lordship, and this notwithstand- 
ing M"" Belcher sayes he still thinks of coming to New 
England in the spring; and if your Lordship shou'd so 
determine with him, yet it must not be thought of unless 
he comes with a commission to be Leiu' Gov'* of New 
Hampshire, and with the King's mandamus to be one of 
the Council there. These things will give him figure & 
some profit, and wou'd be highly acceptable to me, in 
more respects than one. It wou'd quit me of the plague 
of the present Leiu' Gov'", who, I think, is one of the 
most uneasy creatures I ever had to do with, and tryes to 
make every body else so. I say, if M'' Reynolds returns 
I hope your Lordsliip will not fail to get him this com- 
mission. It is no service to the King, nor to the people, 

» See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. p. 437. — Eds. 


nor to the present Leiu* Gov"", to enjoye the place, for he 
has been absent 21 moneths together. 

I am in the next place, my Lord, to give you 10,000 
thanks for the instance of your respect & friendship to 
my son in promoting his election to a Fellowship in 
Trinity Hall (Cambridge), in which if he fails, he tells 
me it will not be for want of your Lordship's good 
offices. I therefore need not beg of your Lordship to 
put him into the most rational method of success, which 
if he meets with will do him honour & be some profit ; 
and after the heavy load of obligations your Lordship has 
laid on me & on my son, how is it possible to express the 
gratefull sentiments of my soul for crowning all your 
kindness to him with the promisses of your favour & inter- 
est towards his obtaining a seat in Parliament ? and in 
order thereto he is determin'd to offer himself to the 
borough of Tamworth in the counties of Stafford & 
Warwick, where he finds considerable encouragment, and 
by this opportunity I write to the corporation and to his 
particular friends there. The greatest difficulty arising 
in this affair is to qualifye him with an estate according 
to Act of Parliament, in which matter he tells me your 
good son D"" Reynolds (the Chancellor) shows him a most 
surprizing mark of respect in offering to convey an estate 
to him that he may comply with the Act. This is such 
an unmerited and such an extraordinary favour as I want 
words to describe & express. I am sure my son will do 
every thing in his power for the Doctor's security, and I 
will venture to say, he will have to do in the matter with 
a man of strict probity & justice ; and because I cannot 
in time make remittance to the value of such an estate, 
I am now drawing writings to convey to my son a very 
valuable estate in lands here, which I shall send forward 
in about a moneth's time that he may make them over to 
the Doctor as a good & real security., I humbly beg 
your Lordship wou'd let the Chancellor have the in- 


clos'd,* and that you wou'd give my son all your weight & 
influence in this great affair, which may be a fine basis 
whereon to build his future fortune, and will give me, 
and give him, reason to pray for & to bless your Lord- 
ship thro' the courses of our lives. 

I am with all possible deference & esteem to your 
Lordship, and with great respect for your whole family, 
my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfuU & most obedient serv^ 

J. B. 

Boston, Feb'-y 4, 1733/4. 

^ Clark. Walker. 


Sir, — I believe you will wonder to find a letter from 
one so perfect a stranger as I am to M'' Crosland's person 
(tho' not to his worthy character). However, I hope you 
will forgive the freedom, since it is to express the great 
sense of gratitude I owe you for your particular respect & 
friendship shown to my son M"" Belcher of the Temple, of 
which he has given me frequent accounts in his letters 
for some moneths past, and has handed to me the copies 
of your very obliging favours making him the proposal of 
standing a candidate for the borough of Tamworth at the 
insuing election of a new Parliam*. This is, indeed, an 
uncommon favour, and will do him great honour, if you 
can carry him thro' it. For on M"" Crossland, I find, is 
his main dependence, & indeed the letters you have wrote 
him discover so much sincere friendship and good sense 
for the managment of the whole aflftiir as makes me con- 
clude him very happy in your acquain*". 

Li yours of 27 Aug'^ you believe Lord John Sackvil 
will be one of your repr, & 17 Sept"" M' Compton stood 
a majority of M'" Belcher of 34 voices, and you go on to 

* Tlie inclosurc was a lotter from Governor Belcher to Kev. Dr. Reynolds, of similar 
purport to the letter here printed. — Eds. 

1733-4] TO MR. CROSLAND. 9 

say, — "But people seem very inclinable to favour a 
third person, and if we can gain 18 from M'' Compton to 
add to you it will make you a majority, which with 
proper measures I do not despair of" 

I now write to my brother (M"" Partridge) and my son 
constantly to advise with you, and take such reasonable 
steps as to give the best hopes of success, which whether 
he finds or not, yet I & my son shall be under great obli- 
gations to M'^ Crossland for such an uncommon mark of 
respect and favour to him, and if it succeeds it will be an 
honour (in a manner) conferr'd by you on him & my 
whole family. 

This young gent"^, after spending 7 years at our little 
Cambridge University, chose the study of the law for 
the business of his life, to which end I sent him to the 
Temple, and he expects his call to the bar the next 
Easter term. Because he is my son it will be more 
proper that you learn his character from others that 
know him. However, I will venture to say, he is one of 
passable natural powers, of good principles of vertue & 
diligence, & of tolerable learning for his years, and I 
hope will be no dishonour to the countenance & respect 
you are pleas'd to show him. He tells me one of the 
principal manufactures of Tamworth is yard wide cloths 
from 5/ to 6/ a yard of good fiiiess. I shall therefore make 
it my care & endeavour as much as possible in me lyes 
to promote this manufacture among our merchants & 
traders here, and I hope in a little time to get orders sent 
to M'^ Partridge for some value in this way. I say, I will 
be miwearied to serve the borough of Tamworth in this 
article, and I wish it may ever lye in my power to make 
some retaliation for so kind a part as you are now acting, 
for I am, Sir, with great esteem & respect, 

Your ready friend & most obedient servant. 

Boston, Feb-^ 4, 1733/4. J. B. 

# Clark. Walker 


10 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 


Dear Jonathan, — Altho' Cap* Clark mayn't sail for 
some dayes, yet as I am now warmly ingag'd in the affair 
of Tatnworth I have prepar'd what I promist you in mine 
of 2*^ curr** f Knox, and I think they are as full & par- 
ticular as may be necessary. When you have re'd them, 
you will deliver all of them or not as you shall judge 
proper. After weighing this grand affair most sedately 
I find it attended with great difficulty & uncertainty. 
What I am putting into your hands for a qualification will 
not be less than £5000 sf & £500 more for the expence 
of your election. However I have put my hand to the 
plough & will not look back, but will go on to do every- 
thing in my power to bring this matter to bear. I ob- 
serve Lord John Sackvil's election is indisputable, and 
that M'' Compton 17 Sept"" stood a majority of you 
of 34 voices, from whom you must gain at least 18, as 
well as the favour of the returning officer, in case you 
make out your choice : so that you must take good 
advice & act wisely. 

The deed of the estate I convey to you shall be exe- 
cuted and put upon the proper record as fast as I possibly 
can, and I am looking out carefully to remit you £500 sf", 
which is really harder to be done than to give you an 
estate of £5000. You must keep things alive & lose no 
opportunity of preserving & increasing your interest at 
Tamworth ; and I will be as industrious as possible to 
get orders to your uncle to send a quantity of their cloths 
to gent" hither. I hope the Chancellor will be steady as 
to the qualifying part, or after all the thing cannot be 
done. And the estate he sells you must not be for life 
only, but an absolute estate in fee simple, and so you 
must make the title of what you sell him. I am sensible 
you must on this occasion trye the friendship of all your 

1733-4.] TO EICHARD WALDRON. 11 

friends. I therefore depend you will win their good 
offices by the most decent & ingaging manners you are 
master of. 

I can think of nothing more at present on this head, 
but shall add any thing I may find needfull when I for- 
ward the deed. I am, with the sincerest love, my dear 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Feb>- 6, 1733/4. 

You will herewith have my letters to Bishop of Lon- 
don & Lincoln, to M'^ H. Walpole, & S^^ N. Loyd on the 
head of your Fellowship at Trinity Hall, which letters 
you'll do with as you judge best, and I shall heartily 
rejoyce to hear you have gain'd that point. 

¥ Clark. Walker. 


HoNO^^^ Sir, — I have yours of 1 & 4 psent T the post 
& carrier, with what you inclos'd. The affairs of the 
queries and mandamuss I return you to have the Prov- 
ince seal affixt to 'em, and to add to the papers about 
the queries the particulars of the dispute between Gov'' 
Shute & Leiu* Gov"" Yaughan, & fail not to return these 
things to me compleat f the carrier. 

What 's the reason there 's no hamstringing ? Such an 
adventure wou'd turn out well. Husk said he was going 
to make his residence at N. Castle, but the new scheme is 
for a club at Harvey's. Sancho is sullen & moodey. I 
have not a line since I saw his sweet face, & wish I might 
never have another. Give my service to ColF Gilman, 
and tell him I have his letter & shall give order about 
what he writes when I come into the Province in April. 
I am sensible Dagon must fall or be disfigur'd to make 

12 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

things right. I wish the comission had been packt up 
with the furniture. We must make much of old H. & 
keep all our friends steady. I shall properly take notice 
of the carrier. Sancho's new comrade * is playing his old 
game in the House ; but I think all will come out right. 
We are barren of news, but are daily expecting to hear 
(by the Edges) of war, and the Lord have mercy on this 
Province & yours. I am, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

I say there must be a certificate with the seal of the 
Province affixt at the end of the queries & mandamus's 
business for me to sign, that you are Sec'"^, & that full 
faith & credit is to be given to all your attestations, &c^ 

Boston, Feb"- 7, 1733/4. 
•P carrier. 


Sir, — I have reed by the way of London your letter 
of the 2 of Augs* last in the name of the hono^^® Society, 
whom you may assure of my steady inclination to do 
every friendly office in my power for advancing the good 
design they are ingag'd in. Altho' their missionaries 
here have all of them been diligent in their mission at 
the several places assigned them, yet they give us but 
very distant views of success, so bigotted are the natives 
to anti-christian idolatry, thro' the unwearied application 
of the Jesuits & those sent by them, that were they in 
their first state of gross heathenism the missionaries 
think they might more reasonably expect to see of the 
fruit of their labours. 

Finding one condition of D"" Williams's mortification to 
be that the Coiiiiss" must certifye from time to time that 

* Elisha Cooke, the leader of the opposition to the Governor in the Massachusetts 
House of Kepresentatives. See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. pp. 442, 443. — Eds. 
t See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol vi. p. 296 note. — Eds. 

1733-4.] TO MR. GRANT. 13 

this mission is carrj'd on by regularly ordain'd ministers 
to intitle the Company to that legacy, and the mission- 
aries to their salaries, we sometime since notify'd 'em 
thereof, and after giving them such time for considera- 
tion as they desir'd whether they wou'd still go on with 
the work under that qualification, they came to this town 
from their several stations & exprest their willingness to 
the Coihiss''' to be ordain'd, which they accordingly were 
the 12 of Dec'' past, the particular ace" whereof M"" Sec"^^ 
Stoddard sends you by this convey^. While the mission- 
aries were here your Commiss'^® gave them all possible 
encouragment to press forward in the excellent work 
they are upon, which is indeed attended with great diffi- 
culty. They are in a manner excluded from humane 
society, except it be with those barbarous people, and will 
be still more so, if it pleases a holy & gracious God to 
give success to their labours, for then they must travel 
the wilderness & tabernacle with them ; and I am sure we 
shou'd all rejoyce to live to see that day, nor will I part 
with my trust in Him (for those poor people) with whom 
all things are possible, and whose word is like a hammer 
that breaks the rock in pieces, and such are the hearts of 
all men by nature, and it 's the almighty power & grace 
of God that takes away the heart of stone & gives a heart 
of flesh. In the use then of the means of His own ap- 
pointment we may with humble confidence look up for 
His blessing. As a farther encouragment in this difficult 
service I have prevail'd with the government here to 
make an additional allowance of <£13 a year to each 

By this convey* the certificates go forward from your 
Comiss'"^ of the service of your missionaries made up to 
the 15 of Dec'" past, and the missionaries (conformable to 
your directions) have taken their money here & drawn 
their bills on M"" Alexander Drumond payable in London, 
not doubting of a punctual complyance. 

14 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

I take notice the Society fall in with my proposal of 
allowing the missionaries something yearly to be dis- 
tributed among their several heathen families. All the 
missionaries from their first going forth have been oblig'd 
to be at considerable charge in presents to the Indians ; 
one of 'em told me he had been out of pocket at least 
thirty pounds in this way, and there 's no avoiding it. The 
Popish missionaries are very ready with their bounties, and 
it goes a great way in willing such a people as these are. 
I shou'd therefore think, if each of your missionaries 
were allow' d ten shillings sf" a month, to be laid out in 
such trifles as the Sec''^ will send you a list of to be given 
to these poor beggarly people it wou'd be well bestow'd ; 
and since the government here are so forward to encour- 
age this good work, I depend the hono^^® Company will 
not be wanting on their part. You will please to assure 
them that I am much devoted to their service, and be- 
lieve me to be with great respect, Rev*^ Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Feb-" 8, 1733/4. 

The Sec""^ having seal'd his letter T Montgomery, I in- 
close a mem"" of the things to be sent your missionaries. 

W Montgomery. 


Sir, — In Ocf last M"" Prince deliver'd me your kind 
favour of 1 June, with your postscript of 3 July, by 
which I was sorry to find my worthy friend had been so 
long afflicted with the distemper that has reign'd so uni- 
versally in England (nay in Europe) ; but I desire to 
praise the Father of all our mercies who sav'd & deliver'd 
you. Pray make my best regards acceptable to excellent 

1733-4.] TO ISAAC WATTS. 15 

Lady Abney, of whose great civility to M'' Belcher of the 
Temple he gives me a very gratefull account. I am glad 
M"" Oliver had waited on you. I think he will not dis- 
honour any respect you are pleas'd to show him. 

I am greatly oblig'd to D'' Watts for his sympathizing 
concern towards me for the trouble I meet with in the 
station in which God and the King have plac'd me. The 
burden of rule & government is too weighty for the 
shoulders of a mortal man. May then my eyes & my 
heart alwayes be to the God of the spirits of all flesh, to 
that God who is excellent & infinite in wisdom & in every 
adorable perfection. In Him I desire to trust for counsel 
& direction. In all thy wayes acknowledge Him, and He 
will direct thy paths. . I hope my dear country will grow 
more quiet & peaceable, and learn truly to fear God & 
honour the King. I can by no means think duty & loy- 
alty incompatible with a safe enjoyment of all their 
rights & liberties. 

It is impossible, Sir, to give me a greater instance of 
your respect & friendship than in your kind notice of my 
son. As to the business of his standing a candidate at the 
insuing election of a new Parliament, I am sensible it is 
attended with great difficulties, all which I have laid be- 
fore him & his friends that urge him to it. He expects 
his call to the bar the next Easter term, and if he lives to 
July will be 24 years of age, and seems to be desirous of 
getting forward into business. I know not how to advise, 
or what to say more on the affair of his candidateship, but 
now tell him to act with all the advice, care, & caution 
imaginable. I have letters from some great people at 
t' other end of the town that press him to stand, and 
altho' I was at first intirely against it, yet I have now 
submitted the matter to him & his friends, & will endeav- 
our to acquiesce in what may be the result of their 
thoughts & advice to him. 

I wish it may ever be in my power to give you some 

16 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

convincing proof with how much esteem & respect I am, 
Rev'^ & dear Sir, 

Your friend & most obedient servant. J. B. 

Boston, Feb-^ 12, 1733/4. 
P Clark. 


Madam, — Nothing less than the indissoluble obligations 
I am under to the R" Hono*"^" the Lord Viscount Towns- 
hend cou'd excuse me in the freedom I now take of 
addressing the Hono^^^ Miss Townshend, an honour I dare 
not do myself, but to express to a branch of my Lord's 
noble family the high sense of gratitude I bear to his 
Lordship for his unmerited goodness & favour ; and from 
the idea I have of your candour & generosity I will 
depend on your pardon for an offence of this nature. 

I am sorry to find my noble patron so much seques- 
ter'd to the ease & pleasures of Raynham as not to be 
at Court or Parliament since I had the honour of paying 
my last devoirs to him at Cleveland Court, about 4 years 
ago. The care for his King & for his country, I believe, 
will soon rouse him to a life of new business & perhaps 
fatigue. But as he esteems the service of his country 
the pitch of honour & glory, he will think no toil too 
great. It wou'd give me vast pleasure to hear he daily 
liv'd in his prince's presence. 

Your good brother, the Hono''^® M"" George Townshend, 
does me the pleasure & honour of spending the winter 
season at my house while the Scarborough lyes by the 
walls ; and such entertainment as my cottage affords he 
is equally as welcome to as my own son, and it gives 
me concern. Madam, that I am not able to find a better 
opportunity of convincing his Lordship with how great 

* Dorothy, or Dolly, Townshend, was the eldest daughter of Viscount Townshend by 
his second wife, the sister of Sir Robert Walpole. She married in 1743 the Very Rev. 
Spencer Cowper, Dean of Durham, See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. — Eds. 

1733-4.] TO LORD TOWNSHEND. 17 

respect I am devoted to him & to his family. M"" Towns- 
hend has gratify' d me latefy with a sight of one or two 
of your letters, full of so much fine sense and of true 
affection for a brother as none can exceed. I tell 
M"" Townshend as he has chose the sea service for the 
business of his life he cannot honour his noble father nor 
himself more than by an unwearied application to his 
learning (now in youth) every thing that will make him 
an accomplisht seaman & a good officer, and if the ship 
still continues on the station I shall be urging this on 
lim (as much as it will bear), and so I hope will you in 
your ingenious polite way of writing. 

I wish you cou'd think of any thing in this country, as 
Dirds, plants, &c% that might be acceptable at Raynham. 
I shou'd be proud of your comands, being with all pos- 
sible esteem. Madam, 

y most obed* & most faithfull, humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, FeV 18, 1733/4. 

¥ Clark. Cov"^ by M"" Townshend. 


My very much honoured Lord, — I humbly ask ten 
thousand pardons for persecuting your Lordship in this 
manner in your sweet retirement at Raynham, and 
shou'd I not be so honest as to confess it, yet your Lord- 
ship will soon see this letter arises from self interest, and 
where can I hope to succeed better in a request than by 
laying it before that noble patron to whom I owe more 
than I can express ? and as all your Lordship's goodness 
to me was done so freely & disinterestedly, it makes me 
humbly address myself to your Lordship with the greater 

I wou'd in the first place hope I have in nothing dis- 


18 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

lion'^ or forfeited your Lordship's patronage, but have in 
all things within the compass of my power supported his 
Majesty's honour ; and in the next place then I wou'd beg 
your Lordship's leave to mention the great plague & 
trouble I have in Col' David Dunbar, my Lieu* Gov"" at 
N. Hampshire, who has been seeking all occasions to 
quarel with me ever since my arrival to this governm*. 
His being Lieu* Gov"" there is of no service to the King, 
to the people, or to himself, but is a charge without 
profit. To enter into the particular wayes & manners of 
this man's giving me trouble wou'd be a rudeness to your 
Lordship I cou'd not forgive. But I have order'd M'' 
Belcher of the Temple to make a journey from London 
to Raynham on purpose to pay his duty to your Lord- 
ship, and to put this letter into your Lordship's hands ; 
and, if it may be consistent with your Lordship's ease & 
honour, I wou'd humbly pray the great favour of a letter 
from your Lordship to my Lord Wilmington, or to any 
other noble Lord, mentioning the great difficulty I labour 
under in my Lieu* Gov"" at New Hampshire, and that he 
may be remov'd and another appointed in his place. This 
wou'd be another instance of your Lordship's goodness & 
favour to me, and 1 own a great act of condescention, 
yet I must not mention it twice unless your Lordship can 
do it with freedom, which being done I am sure it wou'd 
greatly contribute to his Majesty's service & my ease in 
that Province. 

Your Lordship will further allow me to ask the honour 
of your smiles & countenance to my son ; and for all the 
expressions of your Lordship's great humanity & gen- 
erosity to me to assure you that I am with the sincerest 
duty and gratitude, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most devoted, most obedient & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Feb-" 18, 1733/4. 

^? Clark. Walker. 

1733-4.] TO THE LOKDS OF TRADE. 19 


My Lords, — I had the honour of writing your Lord- 
ships 27 Nov^ last, since which I have spent a month at 
N. Hampshire, and held a General Assembly there, and 
now cover to your Lordships what past in that Assembly 
and in his Majesty's Council. Your Lordships will find 
I have done every thing in my power to bring that 
Assembly to a sense of their duty to his Majesty in the 
repair of the only fort of the Province, and to do justice 
to those to whom the Province is indebted, & after my ex- 
postulating & waiting upon them the length of an unusual 
session, they wou'd supply no money to the Treasury, 
which has been empty now near 3 years. The fort is 
therefore dropping down, and the people naked & defence- 
less, and those to whom the publick is indebted under 
great oppression ; nor do I see it can be otherwise while 
Cor Dunbar is Lieu' Gov"" of that Province, and sets him- 
self at the head of a party who are constantly opposing 
every thing that's propos'd for the King's service, & for 
the good of the Province ; and Mess""' Wentworth & 
Atkinson assist all in their power to imbroil the affairs 
of the Province. 

Your Lordships will find by what I have order'd 
M"" Partridge to lay before you that I sent for M"" Went- 
worth & M"* Atkinson & ofFer'd to admit them into his 
Majesty's Council at N. Hampshire,^ but they wou'd not 
accept, being set upon doing all the mischief they possi- 
bly cou'd in the House of Repr. Finding, my Lords, the 
Assembly wou'd do nothing I dissolved them, after which 
M"" Atkinson offer'd to take his oath, but I thot it absolutely 
inconsistent with the King's honour & authority for him 
to trifle & make game with his Majesty's royal orders, 

* Vid. Atkinson's letter to Thomlinson, Feb. 28, 1733/4. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 
The letter to Thomlinson is printed in New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. pp. 834- 
838 —Eds. 

20 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

and therefore refus'd to admit him, and have no doubt 
of your Lordships' approbation in this matter. If the inso- 
lence of such men must be suffer'd, it will of course destroy 
the King's authority & subvert all rule & order. As to 
Wentworth, he never came to me after refusing to take his 
oath ; nor do I suppose he is now at all inclin'd to take 
it. So the Council there consists at present of only ten, 
and wants two to compleat it, and I shall endeavour to 
find those who will come nearest the character given in 
his Majesty's instructions to me for Councellors, & I shall 
then recommend them to your Lordships, and in the mean 
time I hope your Lordships will not think of recomend- 
ing any persons whereby to bring me still under greater 
difficulties in my administration in that Province ; and 
since I am sure it is not for his Majesty's service, nor any 
benefit to the people, or to CoP Dunbar himself to be in 
the Lieutenancy in New Hampshire, and since it is impos- 
sible for the Gov'' & him ever to coincide, T must pray your 
Lordships to acquiesce in his removal, and in the appoint- 
ment of another. This wou'd give me ease & pleasure 
in that governm*. Has it been possible, my Lords, for 
any genf" to do more than I have in support of his 
Majesty's authority & honour? Why must I then be 
punisht by having such a troublesome man tackt to me ? 
I hope your Lordships will justly weigh this matter, and 
give me relief from him; and I am sure the Province 
(9 in 10) will think themselves happy also. The Assem- 
bly of the Massachusetts is now sitting, and inclos'd your 
Lordships have their Journals to this time, and I am in 
hopes they are growing into a better sense of their duty 
to the Crown. 

I have the honour to be with great respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Feb-- 18, 1733/4. 

^ Clark. Walker. 



My dear Son, — I wrote you the 6 cur" ^ this con- 
vey% and wish I cou'd have got the writings of the estate 
compleated to go now, but as they must go to Pomfret 
to be recorded you must wait for 'em 'till the next ship. 
In the mean time go on to establish your interest at 

If you obtain the Fellowship let M'' Newman put a 
proper paragraph into one of the publick prints, as also 
of your admission to the bar. 

Have you reed my picture of Mad"" Caswall & your 
mother's gloves ? 

Altho' I am loth to interrupt your studies, yet I have 
such a continual plague of Dunbar at N. Hampshire that 
you must among you contrive to remove him & get 
Cor Sherburne in his place. I say he wou'd be best of 
all ; but if that can't be, M"" Reynolds is next best, but 
any body rather than the present, for it 's impossible for 
me to injoy any peace while he is there. Your uncle & 
you must therefore leave no stone unturn'd to get him 
out. Of this I write to D. Newcastle, E. Wilmington, 
Lords Trade, & Lord Townshend ; and altho' you must 
make a journey of 100 miles to pay your duty to the 
latter, yet if your uncle & you think it may contribute 
to the obtaining what I desire, I shall not begrutch 
your time & charge. I inclose you M'' Townshend's let- 
ters to his father & sister to help you in this matter. But 
if what I have projected may be thought too great a 
favour & condescention for my Lord to grant, you must 
after all forego it, and destroy my letter & M"" Towns- 
hend's relating to it. But if you go to Eaynham, take 
care to be genteely drest to make a handsome appear- 
ance before my Lord. If you shou'd not think proper to 
apply to Lord Townshend, yet you must to D. N. Castle & 

22 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

Lord Wilmington. I expect no help at Board of Trade, 
because of Bl — d — n; but it must be done privately, & 
without their knowledge if possible. You will see what 
I write your uncle in this affair, & act in concert with 
liini. I remain with great love & tenderness, 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Feb^ 18, 1733/4. 

You will find in my packet 5 rings and the pattern 
of a seal to be cut for me. I think to be octangular the 
best shape, and I have made it of the size I like, being 
about the bigness of what Lord Barrington uses (one of 
his seals you'll find with it). Let the device round the 
crest be Labor ipse Voliiptas, and beneath the device proper 
to the arms Loyal jiisqua la Mort. Let it be cut very 
nicely by the best hand in England, and all in one piece 
of agate (or any hard stone you can get) as big as the 
model I send, or if that shou'd be too chargeable or dif- 
ficult, let it be cut in the hardest cheap stone, and fixt 
very firm & well, with a handle of ebony, but I choose 
the first if you can. Give me credit for the rings & 
charge me with the seal. 

The inclos'd from Judge Auchmuty to his brother you'll 
read & make the best use of you can. 

J. B. 

^ Clark. Walker. 


Sir, — Altho' I have little to say, yet I am w^illing to 
answer yours of 22 ult' & 1 psent. Old J — th — m gets 
to Portsmouth (I believe) to be in the way of some office. "^ 
I will send Co'^ H. Sherburne Downing's coiiiission and 
warrant with a dedimus to Gamblino; & Husk to Q:ive him 
the oaths. '^' the carrier shall go my orders to the two 

* The reference is probably to Jotham Odiorne, one of the Council. — Eds. 

1733-4.] TO EICHAED WALDRON. 23 

ColP respecting your frontiers. You'll find by the 
Gazette, that in Nov'' all things lookt like war. I believe 
Sancho is commonly in a feaver -, why don't he go to work 
with the mills & boards ? 

All the ColP * sayes to me of their conversation is, " His 
Honour is prodigiously angry with me, and thinks I do 
not shew respect eno', and tells me your Ex''^ wrote him 
that I was alwayes writing & blowing up the coals, which 
if so I shall desire to be excus'd for the future." To 
which I have reply'd, " He that is angry without a cause 
is commonly obHg'd to be pleas'd without amends, and 
those that hunt after respect are often baulkt of their 
game. And as to what he sayes of my writing him, when- 
ever you have opportunity you may tell him, the Gov' sayes 
it's a downright falshood, and that I defye him to shew 
you any such expression in a letter from me." Thus you 
see how the Devil infatuates him, for lying will never be 
truth, and serves when discover'd to make a man look 
like a fool. For the future it's certainly best for all our 
friends not to wear even the thinnest mask, and to avoid 
him as much as possible. If old H. can remember the 
particulars of what past about the Gov"", tell him to write 
them all to me. 

The Assembly here has behav'd pretty well. I inclose 
you what his mobility t has prepar'd for a Message to the 
Gov"", and a leaf of their Journal when it was rejected, and 
by a great majority. Yet he carry'd a considerable point 
last week against an Address to the King for stores for 
Castle William, wherein were handsome things of the 
Governour. However it's thot the matter will help de- 
stroy him, and that the Address will pass at another 
session. You must keep old H. steady. I am, Hono^^^ 

Your friend & servant, J. B. 

* Henry Sherburne. — Eds. 
t Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 

24 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

Perhaps young H.* comimicates to Taffy his father's 
letters, or perhaps no such thhig ; but the Devil has put 
into his head what he said to old H. about the Gov'^'^ writ- 
ing, in order to divide our friends. His brain is fertile of 
flagrant wickedness. 

Boston, iSlaich 4, 1733/4. 



Rey^ Sir, — The post has brought me yours of 1 cur", 
for which I am oblig'd. My publick speeches & more 
private care must alwayes witness the concern I have on 
my mind for the safety of the people God & the King 
have coiiiitted to me. But if the malignancy of one man 
must be so prevalent as to make the whole country a 
sacrifice to it, we must be humble under such a curse. 

I have some time since order'd the officers of the forts, 
eastward & westward, to be well on their guard against 
any surprize, and Coir Saltonstall has my orders to detach 
30 or 40 men (if it be found necessary) for the better 
protection of Pennicook (now the new^ town of Rumford), 
and it will be well for all the inhabitants on the frontiers 
to be cautious & carefull. I am, Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, March 4, 1733/4. 



HoNO''^^ Sir, — As the advices from all parts talk much 
of war, I have order'd the cap*^ of all the forts on the 

* Henry Sherburne, the younger, at this time Clerk of the Superior Court. See Went- 
worth Genealogy, vol. i. p. 328. — Eds. 

t Christopher Toppan was a graduate of Harvard College in the class of 1691, and was 
for more than fifty 3'ears minister of a church in Newburj--, where he died July 23, 1747, in 
his seventy-sixth 3'ear. He was largely interested in eastern lands; and there are several 
letters from Governor Belcher to him with reference to the Governor's purchase of a joint 
interest in them. — Eds. 


frontiers of this Province to be well on their guard against 
any surprize, and to notifie all the inhabitants to be cau- 
tious & not needlessly to expose themselves, and as you 
have opportunity let the people on your frontiers know as 

And it is my order that you immediately make a mus- 
ter of the several companies in your regiment, and that 
you strictly review them & examine whether they are 
furnish t with arms and ammunition according to law, and 
also to examine the selectmen (within your limits) whether 
they are provided with town stocks, as the law requires ; 
and if not, you are to direct them to make provision im- 
mediately, and in case of failure, to put the law in execu- 
tion, and order the cap*' of each company to send you 
new lists of their men to be by you transmitted to me. 

Altho' your late House of Repr*''' seem*^ to make a jest 
of the danger of the Province, I dare not do so, but in 
duty to the King & in fidelity to the people I now send 
you these orders, expecting a particular ace" of your pro- 
ceedings upon them. I am, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, March 7, 1733/4. Same to Colli j Gilman. 

Sir, — I had answer'd yours of 28 Janu* about the new 
coinissions for Londonderry, but that I intended to defer 
the settlem* of that matter to my seeing you at my next 
coming into the Province, which may be very soon. 


My much esteemed Friend, Sir, — I have reed the 
token of your respect to M""' Belcher & myself, with your 

* William Pepperrell, the younger of the name, was of Welsh descent, and was born at 
Kittery, June 27, 3696. He early engaged in business with his father, and acquired an 
ample fortune. He filled numerous important public offices, but is best remembered as the 
leader of the successful expedition against Louisbourg, for which he was made a Baronet. 
He died July 6, 1759. See Parsons's Life d Sir William Pepperrell. — Eds. 


26 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

sorrowfull favour of the 1 psent, on the melancholly occa- 
sion of the death of my late worthy old friend, your hono^^^ 
father."^ I heartily condole your hon*^ mother, yourself, 
& all the good family, who, I am sensible, have lost a tender 
head & father. God had furnisht him with a large share 
of prudence and understanding, which had made him not 
only a blessing to his own family, but of great service to 
his King & country, and his death becomes a publick loss, 
but since it is a debt we must pay, being annext to our 
natures, for it is appointed for all men once to dye, and 
tliere is no discharge in that war. How much then does 
it import us to follow our departed friends wherein they 
follow'd Christ. So will our present short seperation be 
made up by the happy meeting of them in the blissful! 
vision & extatic enjoyment of God, the Father, Son, & 
Holy Ghost, to all eternity. God grant that this may be 
yours & my portion for the sake of Jesus Christ. 

As your father & mine were intimate & dear friends, so 
shall I rejoyce that such a friendship may continue wnth 
us to our latest periods. After the death of Abraham God 
blessed Isaac. May you, Sir, go forward & prosper, and 
may the blessing of the God of Jacob alwayes rest upon 
you & yours, and may you greatly honour yourself in being 
(under God) the staffe of the age of your pious & hon*^ 
mother. How did the wisest of all meer mortals, the 
magnificent King of Israel acquit himself in the article of 
duty to a mother ? When Bathsheba went unto King 
Solomon to speak unto him, the King rose up to meet her 
& bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, & 
caused a seat to be set for the King's mother, & she sat 
on his right hand. And again, in his proverbial instruc- 
tions, speaking of a vertuous woman, he sayes, her children 
shall arise & call her blessed. You will pardon me. Sir, 
if I have exceeded on this head, since every one knows 

* The elder William Pepperrcll died Feb. 15, 1733-4. 

1733-4.] TO JONATHAIS- BELCHER, JR. 2'7 

Mad"" Pepperrell is blest in a dutifull son. I wish much 
agreement, love & peace among the whole family, & 
remain, hono^^^ Sir, 

Your assured friend & very humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, March 11, 1733/4. 


Son Jonathan, — I wrote you yesterday T this con- 
veyance (Cap* Cooper) with a lease & release of my estate 
at Mortlake in the Colony of Connecticutt, containing 
(3760) three thousand seven hundred & sixty acres, with 
four houses & 5 barns. This estate, as I have wrote you 
once & again, I look upon worth more than (£20,000) 
twenty thousand pounds this currency, at this day, and 
grows in value very fast, and as it is a considerable part 
of my whole estate, what I have done in this matter has 
been from the great desire I have to settle & advance you 
in the world, by facilitating your procuring an estate in 
England to qualifye you for a member of Parliament at 
the next election, & this upon the prospect you have 
given me of gaining a choice at the borough of Tamworth 
in which I hope you may succeed. But shou'd you, or 
shou'd you not, I think proper to lodge this in the hands 
of my worthy friend, M'' Newman, to be deliver'd you 
when the event of the matter shall be known. And it is 
to declare to you that as this is a great part of my estate, 
so it is more than will first & last fall to your share. Nor 
do I propose to part with it at all during my life, but expect 
after the elections are over & fully determin'd that you 
reconvey this estate to me in the same manner as I have 
done to you. I say I send this letter (in the same ship 
with the writings) to be deliver'd you in proper season 
that you may know my original design & intention in this 

28 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

matter. Nor have I the least doubt of your dutifull com- 
plyance with what I now mention to an iota. I am 

Your very affectionate father J. B. 

Boston, March 21, 17o3 4. 

^ Cooper. t> Bradford via Rh'i IsR 


Dear Jonathan, — I have wrote you 20 & 21 cur** by 
this conveyance & sent forward the writings relating to 
the estate I have given you, and am now taking care 
among the mercli*^ of my acquaintance to procure what 
orders I can to your uncle for Tamworth cloths, hoping to 
accomplish the sum of £1000 sf" or more, and am looking 
out for bills to the value of £500 to remit you for defrey- 
ing the charge of your election. Thus you see, my dear 
son, my sollicitude for your promotion in the world, yet I 
hope I am (after all) prepar'd for a cross event. I mean 
your miscarriage in an affair we are both so fond of. 
God, who is the fountain of infallible & infinite wisdom, 
governs the world, and we shall alwayes be happy in rest- 
ing absolutely satisfy'd in the carvings of his Providence. 
1 am with all paternal affection, my dear son, 

Your father. J. B. 

Boston, March 22, 1733/4. 

¥ Cooper. ¥ Bradford via Rh<i Isl<i. 


HoNO"^^^ Sir, — The post & carrier have brought me 
your fiivours of 15 & 18 psent. As you observe, I be- 
lieve Mad™' dangler * is not much pleas'd with his new 

* Theodore Atkinson. — Eds. 

1733-4.] TO MRS. MARTHA GERRISH. 29 

order. The law is before him, and he must understand & 
act by it, as well as he can. However, his neglect may 
be of most service. 

Pray is something of a cunning fellow & may be help- 
full. It's certainly wise to bring off as many as we caUo 
My chief reason for sending the dedimus as I did was to 
chaffe Sancho & ^:k them the better. 

I am not much displeas'd that the frontier towns are 
like to be deserted, and that there's no powder to be had 
for love nor money. For sure the people must have their 
eyes thicker scal'd than were S* Paul's, if they don't see 
that a government & people are to be made a sacrifice to 
the private malice of a few wicked fellows. The matter 
of the Address I think will in due time take a right 

Agreed as to the Fast proclamation. The duplicates I 
desire may be dispatcht. The comissions with a proper 
dedimus go T the carrier to CoIP H. It's best to humour 

I have still a secret hope that King George with the 
States of Holland will be able to calm the present storm, 
without a war, which we may perhaps know in a few 
days. I am, Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, March 21, 1733/4. 
'P the carrier. 


My dear Kin'SWOMAN", — It has given me uneasiness 
to see your kind & obliging letter brought me by our 
excellent friend & relative M"" Remington f lye so long 
unanswer'd. But really the publick affairs of this & the 

* Daughter of Francis Foxcroft, of Cambridge, and widow of Benjamin Gerrish. See 
Paige's History of Cambridge, p. 548. — Eds. 

t Judge Jonathan Remington, of Cambridge, See Paige's History of Cambridge, 
p. 640. — Eds. 

30 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1733-4. 

neighbouring Province hardly allow me any relaxation 
for paying you (and a great many other good friends) the 
respect & civility so justly due, and which wou'd be a 
great pleasure to me to be often discharging. Yet, as to 
you, Mad"", I am not in much pain, since I think you 
know me too well to entertain an unkind thought, and I 
can with the greatest sincerity protest that I live towards 
you with a constant benevolence, & it troubles me that I 
can no oftner oblige myself in your ingenious & profit- 
able conversation. I can truly say, no stage of life that 
I have ever trod has made me forget a friend. That 
wou'd be the highest ingratitude to the great authour of 
mercy & blessing, who will call us to a strict account at 
His great audit for all the talents He has intrusted to us, 
of which we are but stewards to imploy them to His 
honour & to the good of His people. What Mordecai 
said to Esther shou'd be seriously ponder'd by every one 
to whom God has given power to be serviceable in his 
generation. '' And who knoweth whether thou art come 
to the kingdom for such a time as this ? " As for those 
that make a haughty use of the distinguishing favour of 
God, if they ever allow themselves reflection they may 
well tremble with Belshazzar while they think on the 
Apostle's grave caution. Let him that thinketh he standeth 
take heed lest he fall. How great shou'd be our care to 
render an acceptable account of our stewardship ! lest 
when the Son of Man come in his glory, with his holy 
angels, he shou'd say to any of us. Take the talent from 
him, & cast the unprofitable servant into outer dark- 
ness. How beautifully does the evangelical prophet de- 
scribe the weight of government, when speaking of our 
almighty Saviour, The government shall be upon his 
shoulder! shewing that the whole strength is necessary 
to support it, and indeed it is a load too heavy for mortal 
man alone. But all will be steady & safe if in duty & 
faith we can rest it on the shoulder of the wonderfull 

1733-4.] TO MRS. MARTHA GERRISH. 31 

Counsellor, the mighty God, the Prince of Peace. He that 
bears up the pillars of the earth can bear up the pillars of 
humane government & governours themselves. For by 
him kings reign & princes decree justice. And he that 
trusteth in the Lord shall be as Mount Sion, which cannot 
be removed, but abideth forever. The eternal God is his 
refuge, & underneath are everlasting arms ; and He will 
keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on Him, 
because he trusteth in Him. May T wisely apply these 
things to my own case, that my eye & my heart may 
alwayes be to the God of the spirits of all flesh, to that God 
who is excellent and infinite in wisdom & in every ador- 
able perfection. In all thy wayes acknowledge Him, & 
He will direct thy paths. Offer up then. Madam, your 
prayers with mine at the throne of grace that God wou'd 
pour down upon me a spirit of understanding & of the 
fear of the Lord. 

I am often enquiring after the state of your health, and 
heartily sympathizing with you in your pains & afflic- 
tions. Yet I know you remember with praise to His 
name, that mercy is God's darling attribute, and that you 
are an instance of it in your easy & lucid intervals, and 
that your day of grace is still reserv'd to you, while 
many of your acquaintance have this last year been put 
into darkness, tho' much more likely to live than you. 
Our late kinswoman Foster was one of those. I had a con- 
siderable value for her, and therefore take this opportunity 
to condole you on the melancholly occasion of her death. 
She was a person of good understanding & great prudence, 
one of Lemuel's vertuous women that open'd her mouth 
with wisdom, and in her tongue was the law of kindness. 
She lookt well to the wayes of her household, & did not eat 
the bread of idleness. Her children arise up & call her 
blessed. I have no doubt but that the bridegroom at his 
coming found her one of those virgins who had her lamp 
trim'd & oil in her vessel, and that she enter'd in with 


him to the marriage supper of the Lamb, to be there 
eternally happy in the extatic vision & blissfull injoyment 
of God, the Father, Son, & Holy Ghost. And this shall 
be yours & my portion if we follow our departed friends 
wherein they followed Christ, which God grant thro' his 
infinite mercy in the Son of his Love. I am, Madam, 
Your sincere friend & affectionate kinsman. 

Boston, March 23, 1733/4. J- B. 

^ M' Mason. 


HoNO^''^ Sir, — I am with yours of 25 ins* y the carrier. 
If the Loan Committee cannot go forward without a new 
law, why don't they publickly say so, & apply for one in 
form ? But perhaps a time may come to make a proper 
use of their neglect. Altho' old H. is brittle and the 
young one plays the rogue & the fool with Taffe, &c% yet 
I think the father is pleas'd & stanch at present. 

Sancho's silence is to hold 'till he is coroborated by the 
first ship from London, which is hourly expected, and he 
sayes he is then sure of great things, which time must dis- 
cover. By his fixing as he does, he seems to have a great 
dependance of staying with you to his own mind ; but if 
things don't so turn out you'll soon be quit of him. I 
think it best considering his present sullehess to the Gov"" 
for all our friends to behave towards him but in bare 
common forms. 

I am still apt to think the present commotions may be 
compos' d without a war. If not, your late Assembly have 
spun a fine thread. I am something thotfull that it may 
be best to have the Fast appointed ; so draw & send me 
a proclamation, which I can return when I please, and 
put the day as you think best. I am. Sir, 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, March 28, 1734. 
•F carrier. 



Sir, — M"" Paxton writes me he has not obtain'd the 
Collector's place for Plymouth, but has a fair prospect of 
success in tirne.^^ This week dy'd at Rhode Island M' 
Kaye, the late Collector there, and if M"" Paxton cou'd 
succeed him it wou'd be much better than to be at Ply- 
mouth. The salary at Rh*^ Island is £100 st'' a year, and 
the perquisites much greater than they wou'd be at Ply- 
mouth. Therefore I pray you to go immediately with 
the inclos'd to Sir Charles Wager, and pray him to go 
with you to Sir Robert, & beg the place for Paxton. 
Sir Charles was once a Quaker, & I know you & all your 
Friends have good interest with him, and if he sayes the 
word to Sir Robert it will be done ; but you must be very 
lively, lest it shou'd be promist to any body else, for 
many write by this conveyance for it. Whatever the 
charge in this matter may be place to my ace" and I will 
get the money of Paxton here. I have, brother, no sort 
of interest in this matter, but to serve a reduc'd family, 
and where I pretend to serve a friend I will spare no 
pains to accomplish it. Pray then trye all you can to get 
this thing done. I am 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

If you succeed get out the coihission as soon as possible 
& cover it to me to be deliver'd. I say, go iinediately 
on rec* of this. 

Boston, April 19, 1734. 

Via Rhd Island ^ Bradford. ^ Bourdin. 

* See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. pp. 400-402, — Eds. 



Sir, — Since mine of 22 iilt' T Cooper I have your 
favours of Dec^ 3 & 4, Febr'^ 9, 12 & 14 last past. The 
first came to hand (the 10 cur") via Lix% and dupHcates 
of them via Maryland (the 13), and the next day came the 
others T Homans, Crocker, & Bonner; and I am very 
thankfull for your steady advices & more particularly for 
your letters by Lix"" & Maryland, with copy of the order 
of the Com^^ of Council to the Lords of Trade, notwith- 
standing which, had not the royal leave arriv'd, or a letter 
from you assuring me that the King had sign'd it, I was 
determin'd not to sign the bill ; but as the leave is come 
to hand I have this day given my assent to the bill. 

I see Jonathan cut off his hair the 4 Dec'', with which 
I am satisfy'd. I am expecting the servant you mention. 
You must go on to press Foye & Comp* for the comissions 
due to you, or it will never be got. I note Jonathan 
was at Cambridge under the Civilian Professor, and I'm 
much pleas'd with what he writes you on that head ; and 
since he is now arriv'd at the state of manhood (24 years 
old) a barister & a candidate for Tamworth, I believe, 
for the future, brother, we must give him his due honour, 
and not say. He is a pretty t/outh, but that il/'' Belcher of 
the Temple is a gent^ of good sense, dc"^. Such a way of 
mentioning him in conversation will give him respect 
among mankind. 

If you consider the great expence I live at (& that 
unavoidably) and how my salary sinks every year in its 
value, I hope you wou'd not desire to increase charge 
upon me ; besides, brother, methinks, there shou'd be 
something in kindred and friendship. Nor did I think 
to mention to you, but that you put the occasion in my 
way, — The great services I did your 
father in his life time ; 


To your mother ever since my marriage to this day. 
I think she alwayes says, I have been & am as 
good to her as an own son ; 
To your sister Caswall, ,who has at one time & an- 
other liv'd more than 7 years in my house, free 
of meat, drink, washing, & lodging; and your- 
self, I believe liv'd with me 12 moneths in same 
And to these things I don't know that I had any obliga- 
tion, and I have been alwayes ready to do you any service 
in my power, and when at any time I have not succeeded 
I have been sorry. Yet Solomon sayes, The desire of a 
man is his kindness, and I have done all I have mention'd 
without asking or charging you with a farthing. You 
will forgive this recapitulation, and believe me still ready 
to serve 3^0 u & all your family in anything I can, & with- 
out reward ; but if there be no friendship, or service to 
be done without being paid, that cancels the obligation. 
So much for that. ±±6971.4 

I thank you for the King's leave for taking my money, 
which is in very handsome terms. Yet if it was possi- 
ble ^ Will. Sharp, &c% to obtain a general leave I wou'd 
be ingag'd alwayes to allow him the yearly fees. Pray, 
sound him, for then I shou'd not run the risq. of my 
life, nor be kept out of my money a whole year, as now 
I am. I observe the conversation you had with Lord 
President & his remarks on the King's leave, from time 
to time, and hope the next will be still more relaxt & 
extensive, and I will in a little time write his Lordship, 
with the sense of my duty & great gratitude. 

I shall examine the ace" you have sent me, making 
due to you to 1 Feb"" past £439.0.4, and finding it right 
shall adjust it in conformity. I am procuring some more 
bills to be sent you in a little time. 

My son at the Temple is a man of vertue, good sense 
and diligence, but he does not seem to study the value of 


money. Altho' I am content to allow him what is reason- 
able & handsome, yet he ought to confine himself to some 
rules, and let me know what his yearly expence must be, 
that I may duly supply it; and every good judge thinks 
<£200 sf" a year a genteel & ample allowance, and I desire 
3^ou to tell him not to fail sending me his yearly ace" of 
expence duely on the 29 of Aug'' every year. I have 
had only one ace* from him since he went from hence. 

^^' Cap* Cooper, who sail'd about a month ago, I wrote 
you & my son at large as to his being a member of Parlia- 
ment, and sent him a sufficient qualification, & inclos'd you 
have duplicates of all those letters, and I am now making 
interest among my friends here to send orders for some 
Tam worth manufactures to the value of 12 or 1500 £ sf. 
As the estate I have convey'd to my son is richly worth 
£5000 iit% & you have my bond for £2000 st"" more, I 
hope you will one way or other be able to procure £500 
sf" for the expence of his election, if it be necessary ; and 
I will endeav'' by all the wayes & means I possibly can 
to be sending you bills of exchange, for I wou'd not for 
£1000 st"" have M' Belcher fail in this great affair, in 
which you & I have so far led ,& encourag'd him. Pray 
give my service to ]\P Crossland, and let him know what 
I write, and that I will be constantly endeavour^ to pro- 
mote the manufactures of their borough ; and of this I 
shall write you more by a ship sailing directly from hence 
in about 10 dayes. I say, brother, stir up all the Friends & 
interest you have to accomplish this great point for your 
nephew, & with as much expedition as you possibly can, 
because I find the candidates for the next Parliament are 
pushing their interests in every borough of the kingdom. 

I thank you for the crabstocks & barley, and shall be 
expecting the nuts, &c'' f White. The vines you sent 
me flourish finely, and I am much oblig'd to you for 
them. I love farmino; & orardningc, and when vou or vour 
Friends please to send me anything of that kind it will 
be al wayes gratefull. 


I come now to what you mention about ColP Dunbar 
and M"" Cook. All the plague & trouble I have ever had 
in N. Hamp is intirely owing to the former, and the same 
to the latter in the Massachusetts, and the breaches are now 
so wide, & their malice so rancorous that it's not possible 
to think of a reconciliation. No. I must defend myself as 
well as I can, and while I am a good Gov'' for the King & 
to the people, I hope the rage and revenge of two such 
persons won't hurt me. I suppose at this day 19 in 20 
are well satisfy'd in the Gov^ Let Craddock say what 
he will he is not to be trusted.* I am sure he will do me 
all the hurt in his power, but as he is very scant & strait 
lac'd I believe his horns won't sprout much. 

If there be any complaint or affidavits against me for 
maleadministration in the government, doubtless I must 
be serv'd with copies if they are worthy so much notice. 
As to giving Dunbar a third of my salary, it is unreason- 
able for him to expect it, since it is settl'd by law upon 
me in obedience to the King's instruction, which sayes 
they shall settle £600 a year on the King's Gov"" ; but if 
there must be an allowance of £200 a year out of it to 
the Lieu* Gov"", then it wou'd be but £400 a year to the 
King's Gov"*, and not agreeable to the King's orders; 
besides, brother, I make two journeys a year to N. Hamp- 
shire, each of which constantly costs me £100, so that as 
the matter now stands I really have not £400 a year, say 
about £100 sf" a year for a Gov'', a poor business, which 1 
hope the King's ministers will not begrutch me. Nor can 
I be perswaded to do any such thing as to give a man 
bread out of my own mouth who is constantly trying to 
destroy me. I now allow him to be cap* of the fort, & 
to have the perquisites of marriages, registers, certificates, 
& passes, all which I suppose may be worth about £200 
a year, tho' I begrutch him every farthing, considering 
his vile, insolent treatment, a late instance whereof I 

* See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. p. 405. 


shall send from hence in a little time, and were I to give 
him my whole salary it wou'd signify e little, nor wou'd 
anything satisfye him but to ruin me, were it in his 
power, — out of which I hope Almighty God will alwayes 
preserve me. I am glad to find his character is pretty 
well known, nor do I believe there is a viler, falser fellow 
upon the face of the earth. So you & my son, with all 
your Friends, must take care to defend me against his 
wicked insinuations. 

Inclos'd you have an attested copy of Coir Bladen's 
letter to M'' Speaker Quincy with the answer. With my 
love to my son, I remain alwayes, Sir, 

Your real friend & loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, April 20, 1734. 

Via Rh^ Island ^ Bradford. ^ Bourdin. 


Worthy Sir, — The 14 cur" arriv'd from London 
Homans, Bonner, & Crocker, by the last of which I reed 
your very kind & obliging favour of 15 Feb"" last. If you 
will be so good as to remember M"* Belcher for the next 
vacancy in the Hono^^^ Company for propagating the Gospel, 
I shall esteem it a fresh mark of your respect, and I pray 
you to lay in in time with the Gov'' & Treasurer that it 
may not be forgot, and that M"" Sec''^ Willard may suc- 
ceed in the next vacancy among the Comiss""^ here, for he 
is a gent™ of good vertue, sense, & learning. 

I wonder M"* Paxton did not apply to you. I fear his 
success, and am thankfull for your readiness to have serv'd 
him, had he come to you. 

I must pray you to send me my collateral security to 
M"^ Bull. It is not reasonable it shou'd stand out, since 
the matter is in a manner finisht. 

I am very sorry the last vote of the Court was so short 

1734.] TO FKANCIS WILKS. 39 

of your desert and your just due, but secret & sinister 
springs & views too much govern in Assemblies, and the 
affections & passions of men are very variable & fluc- 
tuating. You may imagine what you please, but I have 
good reason to believe that your quondam close friend is 
grown quite cold. He told M' Sec""^ on the rec* of your 
public letter that the Board of Trade had frighted you 
out of your wits, and you were become an old apple- 
woman. S. W.* is coming over, and the scheme is to 
make him Agent & then Gov^ This is no jest, but a thing 
really on the anvil. These matters you must keep to 
yourself, and not let your servants see my letter. How- 
ever I shall watch their waters, & I fancy they'll hardly 
bring their marks to bear. For as your old friends fall 
off, I find new ones come on, and I know you had 
more friends in the Court this last session than for a lono* 
time past. Your old friends were very angry (and many 
of the Court displeas'd) with your giving way to the 
appointment of Comiss'^' at home. You must therefore 
now strenuously pursue your instructions, let the event 
be as it will, or you will lose your interest in this 
Province, and I believe the B — d of Tr — de are 
sensible they can't go forward with the settlement of 
the Line but with your consent step by step ; but if 
the Comiss''' may be chosen here by each Province, 
according to the King's 80 instruction to me, all will 
be well & easy. 

I shall greatly rejoyce to hear you carry your election 
for Great Marlow, which will more effectually fix you in 
the Agency. M'^ Welles, one of the members for this 
town has been your hearty friend this session, and I wou'd 
not have you fail writing him a letter of compliment 
under my cover as soon as this gets to you. Among other 
things be cautious of advancing for the Province, and 
send your accounts duly, which is the way to have more 

* Sam Waldo. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 


reinisses. I am very sure you have serv'd the Province 
with great fidelity. Yet when selfish views govern that 
is often forgot. I hope to see you long continued in the 
Agency in spite of their plots & contrivances. Nothing 
in my power shall be wanting to serve you on all occa- 
sions, for I am in great truth, dear Sir, 

Your friend & most obliged servant. J. B. 

Pray let the inclos'd letters be duly deliver'd & 

The master of the ship is order'd to send the Province's 
packet f express wherever he may arrive in England, the 
charge whereof you must pay & place to the Province 

Boston, April 20, 1734. 

# Bradford, via Rh^^ Island. ^ Bourdin. 


Sir, — I sent you T the carrier copy of Sancho's inso- 
lence, which perhaps is without parallel. I have now 
yours of 18 T post, with the minute of Council, which 
mentions no answer to his proposal. I hope you are 
(among you) strong enough not to suffer him to do 
any act of that nature. Pray what business has your 
Province with the Fasts or Feasts of the C^^ of England ? 
I think you have no assembly of that sort of worshipers, 
but if you had, shall he dispute the orders of his Gov'' 
& Cap'' General ? No. I am to answer all mistakes 

I had intirely forgot the passing of my warrant when I 
inclos'd it to him. I have Greenleafe's bond alreadv for 
£100 payable in 6 moneths with interest. Pray, do you 
think it wou'd be good for £300 more, or perhaps he 
might get somebody to be bound with him, and so I wou'd 


make an end of this warrant. As for his protest, if he 
shou'd set a f — t against a N. W. wind, how then ? I 
shall expect the rest of your dialogue ^ the carrier. 
Inclos'd is my repeated order about the seal. 

I believe his advices 'f the post gave no satisfaction to 
him or to the clan. The difference may quickly be at an 
end, but I assure you there was not a step taken about 
it when these ships came away. 

Saturday, 20 cur", went an express from this gov- 
ernm* to Rhode Island with new instructions to the Agent, 
to go from thence by a ship, I suppose, sails this day for 
London. I doubt the Line is not so near a settlement as 
some may imagine ; but the Ipswich lad ^ may have the 
opportunity of losing £95. That the Gov"" is blamed or 
reprimanded about it is of a piece with their constant 
course ; so far from that, that the royal leave for my sal- 
ary is in the handsomest manner I ever yet obtain'd it, 
and had been made publick but for some political reasons. 
The letter is return'd. 

I think the Fast ought not to be delay'd, but I desire 
you to draw & send me a proclamation for a Fast, leav- 
ing the day blank, but say when it may be most con- 
venient (the sooner the better). The proclamation I will 
return with an order to the President to call a Council, 
md ask it before I sign it, and then let it be sent to me 
to be returned you to be made publick. All this will 
require time, that the Fast cannot be 'till latter end 
3f next moneth. Won't it be best to have the Council at 
)ld H.'s or Gambling's ? You must let as many of the 
ouncil into this matter as you judge proper. I am 
letermin'd to send no more orders at present to Mons^ 

Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Boston, April 22, 1734. 

* John Rindge. — Eds. 



HoNO*''^ Sir, — The post brings me your favours of 22 
& 2G psent. I hear not a word of Reynolds nor old H., 
and am still of opinion (as formerly) that Sancho must 
consent to his dismission, which I think he will, because 
he can't expect any better provision, — my last letters 

saying, " I believe D r's character is pretty well 

known with some of the Lords of the Council to be too 
far intrusted." And I am told he is greatly in debt at 
home, & by the appearance of all things the Irish wind- 
fall winds up to a button. So you may be long plagu'd 
with him. I assure you I have nothing but good news 
from M' Belcher. If a new Gov"" be appointed, why don't 
they favour us with his name ? I am not able to make 
any opinion about the Line. The Lords of Trade will 
favour N. Hampshire all they can. But when the affair 
will be settl'd seems to me very uncertain. I most sin- 
cerely wish it was well over, and can't but think that the 
Massachusetts have been very culpable, or it had been 
done three years ago. 

I have the same sense of Sancho's insolence that you^ 
have, and the very same opinion of the man I alwayes had. 
Yet as it was the time for the Fast, how cou'd I avoid the 
steps I took? and I am not displeas'd that he treated 
the orders of the King's Gov"" with so much rudeness &i 

As to the pusillanimous wretches from whom we want] 
assistance, what shall we say ? or what shall we do ? Five] 
have been lately admitted by your approbation, but ex-j 
cept yourself, you say, no man open'd his jaws. Whei 
our friends have all the places of profit & honour, & yel 
are useless, I again say, what shall we do ? What mad( 

the old go out of town, instead of being at his 

duty ? Most certainly the mention of a L" Gov'' in the' 


Salary Act can have no other meaning than what you 

S* Pat'" constant course of folly makes him contemptible. 
I have had the same thots about the fort^ passes, &c% but 
am desirous to do things in the wisest manner. 

The P — s — d — t^ is a despicable mortal, yet I now in- 
close him the proclamation for a Fast, leaving it to the 
Council to set the particular day, and the order to him I 
cover to you to be delivered or sent him, as may be 
thought most proper, when you have re'd & seal'd it; and 
after consulting Gambling, old H., and who else you 
please, I intirely submit it to your prudence whether to 
proceed in the matter or not. But if upon your own 
most deliberate consideration you think it best not to go 
forward at present, then it may be best not to open your 
lips to any body about it ; on the other hand, if you think 
the Council will be strong enough, I shou'd be best 
pleas'd with appointing the Fast in this manner. 

The merchants private bank here, and what they are 
bringing forward with you, bids fair to ruin this country. 
It's too long a story to tell you how big these things are 
of fatal consequences. 

I don't flatter you, but really. Sir, you behav'd in Coun- 
cil like a hero upon every particular that happen'd there. 
I thank you for the acc^^ which I have also at large from 
Mons^ The answer I have given him is inclos'd. 

I shall write T the carrier to ColP Gilman for copies of 
his orders, without mentioning any reason. 

Old Slade is a poor creature ; yet if he comes this way 
I will have some talk with him. The affair of the excise- 
man must rest for the present. I remain with much 

respect. Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, April 29, 1734. 

* Walton. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 



Sir, — I have now lying before me your letters of 
April 15, 22, & 26. The first I take to be in all its 
parts a matchless peice of insolence on the King's Gov"", 
whom by your coiiiission you are strictly commanded to 
obey. I wou'd have you to know, Sir, that I never made 
any mistake here in a proclamation for a Fast, or any- 
thing else. It really looks to me like a farce to hear a 
man of your very grave life & conversation set up for a 
patron of the religion of the C^^ of England. As to the 
platform you mention, I have never in my life obtain'd a 
sight of it, and I assure you I pass no acts of government 
without reading & knowing them. But had what you 
say been as true as it is otherwise, pray. Sir, what have 
you to do with my administration in the Massachusetts ? 
If I make mistakes I am answerable to my royal master, 
but not to my inferiours. The warrant I sent you hap- 
pen'd thro' my forgettfullness, yet that don't excuse your 
disobedience about it. What you wrote me three years 
ago on that head made me smile, and what you say now 
brought me to a broad laugh. 

As to the orders I gave to my military officers, I think 
your not knowing or not practising your duty in not 
waiting upon your Gov"" out of the Province, nor writing 
him a line of any occurrence in it for near 12 weeks to- 
gether, and when powder was wanted for the Province 
to apply for it to the cap* of the man-of-war here, & not 
to the Gov'', shou'd seal up your mouth as to my not giv- 
ing any orders to you about the militia. Indeed, it can 
be no justification to me to follow your ill example (who 
when you wanted to write to the Council did not direct 
vour letter to the President of the Kino-'s Council, but 
to the next in conmiission) ; yet argimientum ad Jiomi- 
neni is sometimes thought a good way of arguing. I 

1734.] TO DAYID DUNBAR. 45 

know you are glad to make handles right or wrong, or 
take hold of any against the Gov". But if yon find your- 
self contemptible, I attribute it wholly to your own im- 
prudence. Such was your beating the people last year 
at Exeter; your assault & abuse of the Marshal of the 
Admiralty in the execution of his office ; swearing & curs- 
ing at some ; threatning to shoot others thro' the head, 
&c^ These things, Sir, don't become a gent"" that wou'd 
feign be call'd a Goy\ His Majesty treats none of his 
officers or subjects in that manner ; nor do I believe you 
ever find the Gov"" of the great city of London treating 
people thus. I don't know but sach sort of managment 
may do with the centinells of a company of soldiers, but 
it will by no means do in civil government. No, the 
people must be govern'd by the laws of the land, and 
the King himself esteems it his glory to make the laws 
the rule of his administration, and they that do otherwise 
do as much as in them lyes [to] alienate the affections of 
the King's subjects by rendring his mild & clement gov- 
ernment heavy & severe. 

It seems I guest right in not giving you any orders 
about the militia, for I will give none but what the King 
has given me power to do, and those I shall depend to 
have obey'd, but this I must not expect from you. 

Altho' your letters, one upon the back of another, say, 
July 2, 1733, — '^ I wou'd ivith all possible industry avoid any 
dispute with your Ex^^, and wou'd be far from attempting 
any incroachment upon your powers, and I am sure you 
wou'd scorn to lessen mine, I wou'd therefore desire that 
no misconstruction might be put upon anything I do ; but 
that I may explain myself, and I hope there will be very 
little occasion to give your Ex""^ much trouble, /or I shall 
concern myself very cautiously ivith any affairs hut the common 
course of such business as cannot he delay d.^^ July 12, — '^ 1 
shall make no more mention of those genf^, nor concern myself 
with their politicks.'^ And again, — "I am so great a lover 


of peace that I wou'd gladly forego all the perquisites of 
my time here to be a means of reconciling ail parties. I 
ever took delight in such offices." July 20, — "I am 
oblig'd to your Ex''^'' for writing to your friends to shew 
any regard to me. If I have any influence on any who 
are called mine, / will use my endeavours ihat you may find 
no difference on your next coming hither .'' July 27, — " And 
I hope this will seem so very reasonable that you will 
not refuse it. But if your Ex^'^ does, / will trouble you ivith 
no further dispute^ hut wait the issue from home, which I hope 
will soon be declar'd. In the meantime I can't expect 
to hold any advantages my predecessors did here but 
on the same terms, and that I do desire of your Ex''^" 
Aug'' 2, — " Since your Ex""^ does not think fit to let 
others who are allow'd interpreters of words that bear 
any dispute judge of them, / shall say no more upon that 
head!' And again, — " But I have done, oxAy to thank 
3^our Ex""^ for the favour you intend me." Aug'* 10, — 
"Be it as it ivill, I tvill have no neiv dispute with your Ex'^'^ !' 
Aug^' 17, — "-/ am contented to tvait the issue frora home!' 
Pray, Sir, look on what I have lined out, and confess that 
you never intended what you said, or that you are no 
master of your resolutions. From these florid & smooth 
expressions 1 did, indeed, concieve some slender hopes 
of your behaving within the bounds of decency ; but 
yours of 15 April, which I take to be the genuine pic- 
ture of your heart, at once shows all you have said to be 
but meer pretence ; and altho' this dispute was to be 
decided on the arrival of Wingfield in Janu* last, and 
now I** Homans, Bonner, Crocker, & Shepherdson, it still 
remains, and why are you constantly bickering & trying 
to wrest the power & honour the King has repos'd in me 
out of my hands ? You may (as j^ou please) make your- 
self easy or uneasy. But depend, no less a person than 
King George shall divest me of it ; for I am more & more 
satisfy'd by my own commission, as well as by yours, & 

1734.] TO DAYID DUNBAR. 47 

by my instructions, that I am virtually present in N. 
Hampshire when I am personally in the Massachusetts. 
Nor will I suffer any proclamation to go out in your 
name, or any other act of government of the like kind ; 
and I am glad his Majesty's Council acted so faithfully, 
and so well up to their oaths, in refusing to consent to 
any such proposal of yours as to a Fast or the riot. 

You now & then mention in your letters the word 
Jiome. As, that this will be well taken at home, and that 
you will he^v from home, I assure you, Sir, I give myself 
no pain about your favours & menaces with respect to 
home. I have the honour & satisfaction of having my 
administration approv'd, not only by his Majesty & his 
ministers, but also by the Parliam* of G* Britain, and this 
notwithstanding your inveterate endeavours, even from 
before my arrival, to this time to represent me in the 
worst light you possibly cou'd, and which indeed makes 
me conclude you have not that great faith k credit paid 
you at kyme as you wou'd feign make the world fancy you 

Had you not assured me in yours of 7 Sept'' that the 
trembling in your hand did n't come by hard drinking, I 
shou'd have thot yours of 15 April had been wrote over 
a hearty bottle. Because you are a genf" so critical & 
so infallible, I once more send you a copy of my Naval 
Officer's comission to Cap* Husk, to tell me (if you can) 
on what day or year he was sworn & before whom ; and 
as to the examinations taken on the affair of the riot, I 
suppose they were of your direction & correction, because 
I find a blunder in them, viz* ; Robert Galway made oath 
to what Benj* Pitman swore ; so James Pitman & James 
Pitman made oath, but no Benj"" Pitman. Pray, how 
many James Pitmans did you swear ? You ought to 
have distinguisht them by Sen'' & Junior, or First & Sec- 
ond. That you may be convinc'd of the absurdity I send 
you an attested copy from the Sec'"^. 

48 TnE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734. 

Since, Sir, you think the Gov'' was forgettfiill about 
Fasts & Feasts, how comes it that you have all on a sud- 
den forgot tlie address of the King's Gov"" ? After your 
disobeying my last order, surely you cou'd not imagine 
to recieve another from me, or a letter. Yet you see I 
have condescended to it, that you may learn the differ- 
ence between my rank & your station, and practice your 
duty. You will no doubt send home this letter, to which 
I agree ; and I only fear a reprimand from the King's 
ministers for my condescention after your ill manners. 

I find you have made a complaint of my saying the 
Judge of Admiralty ought to make his fees treble in the 
vile bills of credit now passing for money. You may now 
complain again, & say the Gov"" sayes, Admiralty fees ought 
to be paid in nothing but silver at 6/1 0|^ an oz., or what 
is equivalent thereto. And another complaint you made 
was about the new settlements (as you call 'em). Upon 
your coming away from Pemaquid, you wrote me, 2 July 
last, — '^As the government of it is noiv your Ex"'-'^^ &c^" I 
pray then, what have you to do with it, especially since 
you have been commanded to walk off the ground ? 
Sorry am I you was able to decoye so many innocent 
people in what you cou'd not maintain. The quarrel you 
had with M^ Waldo (tho' of a minute nature to this last) 
ended much in the same manner by your being repri- 
manded from home to be quiet. Methinks upon the most 
sedate consideration, were I as you, I wou'd endeavour to. 
convince the world by my practice what you say to me, 
12 July last, and am so great a lover of jjeace, and not to 
spend your life in perpetual jarrs & contention. 

I come now to answer yours of 26 & 29 ult', more par- 
ticularly taking notice of M"" Greeley's affidavit and your 
order to Coll' Gilman, on which I intend to issue a procla- 
mation for his Majesty's service, in the better preservation 
of the King's trees, and for the protection of you, your 
deputies & assistants, in the discharge of your duty as 

1734.] TO DAVID DUNBAR. 49 

Surveyor of the King's Woods. As to the complaint you 
made to me at Portsmouth about Maj"" Thing, you prov'd 
nothing against him ; and altho' you complained liome 
against Judge Auchmuty, because he requir'd affidavits 
of you to prove your complaints, you must go on so to do 
against the Gov"", for I will not put men in & out just 
upon your ipse dixit. Englishmen must be govern'd as 
Englishmen, according to law & evidence ; at least that 
shall alwayes be the standard of my government. If 
owners of mills & those that supply lumbermen must be 
in no civil post in New Hamp, there will be very few to 
be found capable of any part of the government. To be 
sure some of your dear creatures must be dismist. 

I observe with what spirit you alwayes write against 
M"" Sec''^ Waldron, as well as against every other friend I 
have in the Province. He is an officer upon oath, a very 
worthy, capable, honest gent"", and I give full faith & 
credit to all his records & attestations, and I wish I cou'd 
say as much of every body else. But those you hug in 
your bosom I take to be the greatest enemies to the 
King & to the Province, and I verily believe had it not 
been for you & for them the Treasury had been supply'd 
when I was last there, the fort repair'd, & many other 
good things effected. But people in whose nature or 
power it is not to do good are capable of doing mischief. 

In yours of 29 you say, — "Laws & royal orders are 
much regarded here. Witness 1000 instances, and among 
them where royal coinissions &. mandamus^ are disobey'd, & 
wrested constructions put upon them against the sense of 
all mankind, except of a few concern'd." If what you 
say cou'd be prov'd to be fact, yet you of all men shou'd 
find no fault, since you have so flagrantly disobey'd the 
King's commands in your commission. 

When you write me that you have the King's leave to 
go for England, and that you think mine necessary (for 
the way of your mentioning it is of a piece with the rest 



of your behaviour to rae) you shall soon know whether I 
will give it. You say you have given orders at the Fort 
that no vessel laden with lumber at mills w^here forfeited 
boards lye shall pass the Fort, and that if you can't 
justifye this you will recall it upon my advice, which is, — 
that for the King's honour & your own safety you take 
care that this step, as well as all your other proceed- 
ings, be clearly warranted by law. 

I well approve, as I find the Council did, of the exam- 
ination of the Exeter Justices, and I hope they will not 
be found guilty of being concern'd in anything so vil- 
lanous as the whole affair of the riot (or I wou'd rather 
call it a rebellion against the King's government) appears 
to me. And let our private differences, Sir, be what they 
will, yet I will heartily join with all my power & author- 
ity to suppress such outragious insults upon the King's 
government & officers, and which must have a natural 
tendency to the destruction of the royal Avoods. I wish 
you had spar'd yours of 15 April, & thereby yourself & 
me the trouble of the reply ; and if we do not for the 
future pursue the King's interest with a better harmony, 
I will endeavour that it shall not be the fault of, Sir, 

Your Honour's humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 2, 1734. 

^ carrier 


HoNO^"-' Sir, — Altho' I wrote you T the post, yet the 
present situation of affairs requires a frequent corre- 
spondence ; therefore yours of 29 ult' f the carrier (with 
what it cover'd) was very acceptable, all wdiich I have 
carefully pcrus'd, & return Guy's letter. I wish the 
Council had given the reason he ddsires for not consent- 
ing to his issuing a proclamation, but there w\as no great 
need of it, since they gave that very reason at large under 
their hands in Janu* last. 


Kead & deliver the inclos'd to the Presid'^, and take care 
he immediately calls a Council to pass the proclamation 
('t will be best at Gambling's or old H's), and do you put 
in the date, and disperse it without delay, and write to 
Boydell something of the nature of the inclos'd to go 
into his Gazette with a copy of the proclamation. It 
wou'd not be so well nor so strong to issue it in my own 
name as with the consent of the Council, besides Mons'' 
w^ou'd make a mighty handle against the Council (say our 
friends) if they did not fall roundly in with it. I am also 
fully in opinion to have the Fast proclamation gone thorro 
without any delay. I think this a good juncture for it, and 
do you be very carefull to minute the part M"" Jaffrey 
& Pierce act at the Council board, — it may be a good 
foundation for suspension. I am apt to think they will 
be unthotfull eno to give me a good occasion. 

I find we have to do with a crew of weak brethren. I 
shall give him no more orders for Councils, yet Councils 
there must be when it's absolutely necessary for the King's 
service, tho' I shall endeavour to call as few as possible. 
Your observation is just; having nothing from home, he 
is like a wild bull in a net. He may depend he shall dis- 
miss no officer, nor do anything like it. I believe he is 
vastly pleas'd with the riot, and will do as many wicked 
things about it as he can invent, and he wou'd be par- 
ticularly pleas'd to make a handle of it to obtain more 
power. I desire my lady's man may be call'd my lady's 
dangler, which is the term at Court for such sort of cattle. 
Don't let your noble courage be cast down. I say there 
shall be no more Councils but what are absolutely neces- 
sary. You must smooth old H. ; after you have re'd what 
I write him let the carrier give it to him. We must have 
some confidence in Fellows. 

Altho' I was in hopes never to have wrote Mons*" again, 
yet I have this day wrote him a very long letter, and 
wish I had time to send you copy of it, as I do to the 


Lords of Trade by a ship sails o' Munday, but you'll hear 
of it with both ears. He says to me, April 29, — "I have 
wrote so often, and being convinc'd of a villanous prac- 
tice of interrupting my letters that I think myself under 
a necessity of going to London to lay my complaint be- 
fore his Majesty, and for that end I desire your consent 
as far as it is necessary.'' Whether he has any intention 
of this nature time must discover. 

I hope everybody will be forward to make discovery & 
to punish any concern'd in the late detestable affair trans- 
acted at Exeter, and that every one in the government 
will exert themselves for the preservation of the royal 
woods.* I really think it of consequence to bring both 
the proclamations to perfection. 

I shou'd think the time of this hurly burly a good 
juncture for the choice of an Assembly. Certainly 

At n's deputation can't give him a great interest. 

The 29 of this month I must be with the Assembly here, 
and if it be practicable between this & that to hold one 
at Portsm° I wou'd come. But you must all well con- 
sider whether it be best to attempt a choice now or 
not; the soonest time of sitting will be Munday, the 20, 
& Munday, the 27, I must come away ; that it seems to 
me hardly practicable. For if the choice shou'd not come 
out right, they'll make a handle of so short a session. If 
you shou'd conclude it worth while to trye, inclos'd is a 
blank writ to be fill'd for convening Munday, the 20, w^iich 
you may put into the President's hand at the Council 
Board to be askt, if it was not done when I was there. 
I am. Sir, 

Your ready friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, INIay 2, 1734. 

Return me the blank writ, if you don't use it. 

* See post, p. 61, note. —Eds 



My dear Son, — The 14 of last month arriv'd Cap* 
Bonner & brought me your dutif ull letter of 4 Febr* last, 
owning the rec* of 6 of mine to that time, and that I may 
expect an answer by the servant you are sending, ^vhich 
is well. While you are in health & diligent at your 
studies I am easy & take nothing amiss ; and am glad you 
have confin'd your correspondence to me (and now & 
then a letter to your mother). Now is your time of life 
to lay in a treasure of knowledge. I pray God speed the 

Inclos'd is mine to worthy M"" Hollis, with the thanks 
of M"" Byles's c'^^ to him for his bountifull benefaction, and 
to your uncle for his care about its exportation. It is a 
fine bell, generally thot the best in the country. I wish 
the inscription had been cast on it, but as he declin'd I 
am sensible it cou'dn't be urg'd. He says not a word to 
me lately of John Williams, and I am glad he don't. I 
sent to him about 12 months ago, & talkt freely, & it 
had just the same effect as water on marble. I am afraid 
he'll soon come to poverty ; he seems to be made without 
thought, and not capable of being serv'd. But this to 

I hope Cr — d — c ^ will not be able to do much. He 
went away in very strait circumstances. 

I attempted what you hinted with D"" Colman, who 
with two or three more were very forward. But a great 
majority otherwise ; tho' the Gov"" stands well with every 
man of them, yet they are afraid lest any of their prin- 
cipal parishioners shou'd take disgust. So the fear of 
man brings a snare. 

1 thank you & your uncle for the hints out of D — b — r's 
letter to P. He is a restless wretch, and I have a vast 

* George Cradock, who was then in England. — Eds. 


deal of trouble with him ; he is malicious & perfidious 
beyond all bounds ; he is very poor, — that's a favour ; 
& I believe more odious in this country than ever. Peo- 
ple are generally very easy ; but a change wou'd give I 
the Ministry new and great trouble, and wdiat cou'd be ■ 
more mijust & dishonourable after the battles & difficul- j 
ties I have gone thorro for the Crown? Yet there must | 
be a good watch at the offices. When your uncle thinks 
necessary, you must appear & bestir yourself, but I shou'd j 
be glad to ward from you every avocation I possibly ! 
cou'd. I 

I hope Cooper is arriv'd by this time, and that you are -I 
in possession of the qualification for Tamworth which I 
sent f him. Of this I write your uncle more particularly ; 
so refer to him. Tamworth, if it can be accomplisht, will 
be a fine thing. Therefore nothing that can be reasonably 
done must be left unattempted. 

As I suppose you are by this time got to the bar, I am 
greatly concern'd that you may not take any precipitate 
steps, but go on gravely with your studies, attendance at 
Westminster Hall, seeking out the best conversation, &c*, 
for the improvem* of your readings. Remember the great 
Lord Coke's golden rule, Prudcns qui patiens ; don't hurry 
into business. Altho' I have sometimes dropt to you that 
you must learn to get money in order to be able to spend 
it ; yet if you will study to be a good husband, I think 
£200 st'' a year will maintain you handsomely, and I am 
content to allow it you for some years longer (if God 
spares your life) rather than you shou'd be baulkt 
of being finally eminent in your profession. Because 
I neither dare nor can be unthotfull about you, I have 
apply'd for advice to two of the most eminent of the 
long robe here & have oblig'd them to give you their 
thoughts freely. Judge Auchmuty's is a handsome in- 
genious letter : M'" Advocate Shirley's is still more large 
& particular. I think you'll be pleas'd w^ith them both. 



1734.] TO THOMAS HOLLIS. 55 

and that you'll think they highly deserve your grate- 
full acknowledgments. 

Do you at all practice fencing & dancing? 

Pray tell me in what dress a Judge of Admiralty sits 
on the bench in judgment, whether in a gown & coif, or 
how ? and what his habit compleat may cost ? 

I have this day reed a letter from our kinsman M"" 
Belcher at Dublin, with whose correspondence I am still 
more pleas'd. He seems to me an ingenious man, & of 
some scholarship. I inclose you his thots upon the motto 
of our arms, of which I think well,, & if you do, & my 
seal shou'd not be finisht when this gets to hand, I wou'd 
after all assume for the family device, Ad mortem fidelis. 
Think of this, if it be not past doing; for thus I think to 
put it on my coach. 

If any thing new occurs before this ship sails I shall 
add it, and alwayes remain 

Your very affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, May 4, 1734. 

Tell your bookseller I think he has not treated you 
well about the Greek Testaments. When you sent it 
me in two volumns you paid him 26/, and now he makes 
you pay 19/ more, is 45/, but the binding of my smaller 
Testament is to come out, which can't be 10/; so he 
charges 35/ for the Testament you had of him, — very 
unreasonable, especially since he told you, when you took 
the two volumns, if I likt better to have it in one, it 
shou'd cost nothing to exchange it. 

'P Bourdin. Homans. 


Worthy Sir, — I have reed 1** Cap* Homans your very 
kind & obliging favour of 14 Feb"", with your handsome 
present of a bell to the southermost c^^ of this town, 


standing in Ilollis Street. My son gives me an ace** how 
frankly & easily you came into my request, which greatly 
inhances the value of the gift, tho' in itself noble & 
generous, & greatly exceeding mine & that good people's 
wishes, and it's thought to be the best bell in the coun- 
try, tho' there is one something bigger. The Church 
have desir'd me to cover to you their humble & hearty 
thanks for this great act of goodness & kindness to them, 
and for which. Sir, you will please also to accept of my 
most gratefull acknowledgm*\ And with how much 
honour, & with how much gratitude, must the present 
& future generations of New England mention the name 
of HoLLis. I say may the scent of it be alwayes fragrant 
as a field which the Lord hath blessed. 

I very kindly, Sir, take notice of your respect to M"" 
Oliver, and am much oblig'd for the honour done him by 
the Hono^^^ Company for propagating the Gospel here. 
Had not Gov'' Holden been so good as to ingage in the 
affair of the land left to the dissenting ministry of Kings- 
ton in Rh*^ Island government, I observe your readiness 
to have ingag'd in defence of that pious donation, and 
heartily thank you, for Solomon tells us. The desire of 
a man is his kindness. 

I am sorry your good father still continues in a weak 
low state. I pray God to recover & confirm his health, 
and I desire you to make my very kind respects acceptable 
to him. M"" Belcher of the Temple talks loudly to a fond 
father of M" Hollis's repeated civility to him, as often as 
he has the pleasure of seeing you. How shall I ? or how 
shall he acquit himself? in return for so much goodness. 

I wish you wou'd coinand anything in this part of the 
world in my power, whereby I might demonstrate with 
how much truth & respect I am. Sir, 

Your friend & most faithfuU humble servant. 

Boston, May 4, 1734. J. B. 

¥ Bourdin. Homans. 



May it please your Grace, — I wish it was in my 
power to find any curiosity in this remote corner of the 
world worth your Grace's notice, & whereby I might in 
some little degree (at least) express the great honour & 
esteem I have for your Grace. But it's hard to find any- 
thing here that is rare in England. I have, however, got 
made out of the knots of some of our ash trees a tea table 
with its equipage, which being a pure native & manufac- 
ture of New England, I have order'd M'" Belcher of the 
Temple humbly to beg leave of your Grace that he may 
(with it) wait on my Lady Dutchess to ask her accept*. 
The table may be of some service, but I fear the furni- 
ture must be only for show. I am with the profoundest 
regard & duty, may it please your Grace, 

Your Grace's most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B, 

Boston, May 6, 1734. 
¥ Bourdin 


Dear Jonathan, — Altho' I have already wrote you 
T this ship, yet I must add, that the matter of Tamworth 
is much my care, & I hope by means of the estate I 
have convey' d to you, and by my bond lying in your 
uncle's hand for £2000 sf, you may be able to procure 
of some friend or other <£500 for the expence of your 
election. If the bond can be of no service, why did your 
uncle desire me to send it ? It is the hardest thing to 
be done in the New England world to procure bills for 
England, yet I send your uncle a small one W this ship 
on the Navy, and some ore goes next week to Bristol, 
and I will be constantly thStfull of getting remisses to 

8 - 


your uncle, who sayes your election won't come on 'till the 
latter end of the summer, but that must not be trusted 
to. I see interests are making all over the kingdom. 
Pray, give my service to M"* Crossland, & let him know 
I have been very diligent with my friends (the merchants 
here) for promoting the manufacture of the borough of 
Tamworth, and I have a fair prospect of sending some 
orders in a little time ; and for the better encouragment 
of your election, altho' I am wholly out of trade (& never 
intended to be concern'd a shilling again), yet if your 
uncle cou'd get Crossland to furnish £500 worth of cloths 
such as I shall mention in my next, & to be paid for them 
in 12 months with interest, I wou'd venture such a parcel 
on my own ace", and the security for the payment might 
one way or other be contriv'd by my bond now there. 
But if I can procure orders sufficient without, I had 
rather avoid this. In short, I am willing to do any thing 
you or your uncle can think of (& may be reasonable) to 
give you the best probability of a choice. I know it is 
a great trouble to your uncle & you to open & read all 
my letters & handsomely reseal them, yet you must do it 
from time to time to be the better verst in what I write 
to every body. 

The D. of Newcastle is not over friendly, but we must 
be in his Grace's good graces, if we can. I now send 
your uncle T Bourdin a nice tea table with its furniture 
made out of the knots of our black ash. The table is 
well veneer'd, & done here by the elder brother of Sir 
Rich'^ Broccas, late Lord Mayor of London, and I really 
think it equal to the finest marble. The cups, saucers, 
&c* are not so nice, and I believe must serve only for 
show, because hot water may spoil 'em. When you have 
got it to your chamber & open'd & view'd it, if you & 
your uncle think well, present it to the Dutchess of New- 
castle, or to Lord Wilmington. Sometimes I have had 
thots of your giving it to the Queen, Princess Orange, 


Lady Walpole, or as you think best. 'Tis not for the 
value, but being a New England curiosity, and I think 
prettier of the wood kind than any Tunbridge ware ; and 
I say do with it as you think may answer the best end. 
But if it shou'd not find the way to D. N. Castle's, the 
letter about it must also be kept back. I am 

Yours in all paternal affection. J. B. 

Boston, May 7, 1734. 

This letter is also to your uncle. 

■P Bourdin. Homans. 


My very much honoured Lord, — In Febru^ last I 
did myself the great honour of addressing your Lordship, 
since which my brother & son give me the pleasing ace**' of 
your Lordship's great condescention & goodness to them 
in my affairs, and for which I hold myself under the 
strongest tyes of gratitude to your Lordship, and more 
particularly for the royal leave of taking my support. 
And I must humbly beg your Lordship to hear me once 
more on this head, while I pray the next leave for my 
taking my daily bread may be general. I think, my 
Lord, no gent"" cou'd or can do more in support of the 
King's honour in the government than I have done, amidst 
the opposition of stubborn Assemblies ; tho' I must more 
justly impute it to the influence of two or three ill natur'd 
factious members of the House of Repr. The way & 
method of getting at my support is a great hardship 
upon me. 

For I am oblig'd to spend my salary 12 months before I 
receive it. 

To be at a great charge in solliciting for leave. 

And the value of the money in which I am paid sinks 
from year to year at least a 10*^ part. 


And in case of my mortality my family always must 
run the risq. of losing a year's salary. 
That what by one thing & what by another there is every 
year a deduction of at least a fifth part of my salary, 
which I believe your Lordship will think a great hard- 
ship on a Gov"" approv'd by the King in his whole admin- 
istration. Were, my Lord, the delay & repeated charge & 
application I am put to any punishment on the obstinacy 
of the Assembly, it might be some support of the King's 
honour, but the hardship is wholly on the King's Gov""-, 
who, I hope, has coihitted no fault in the matter. And 
with the greatest deference to your Lordship, I think it 
wou'd redound more to his Majesty's honour that the leave 
be general for the future, 'till such time as his Majesty 
in his great wisdom & goodness shall make other better 
support for his Gov"" ; and really, my Lord, the salary is so 
reduc'd, — I mean the money so sunk here in the value, 
— that this last £3000 I reed was not worth £750 st'", 
which, allowing the deduction I have before mention'd, is 
not £600 a year for the King's Gov"^ at the head of so 
large & flourishing a Province as this ; nor does it defrey 
my annual expence. I therefore humbly beg leave to 
hope for your Lordship's favour & candour in considering 
the reasonableness of my request about the next leave, 
that I may not be continued under so great a difficulty, 
and of which I am the single instance in all the King's 
Provinces, — every other Gov"" taking his support as soon 
as it's granted. I ask ten thousand pardons for the free- 
dom I have taken with your Lordship, and remain with 
the profoundest regard & duty, may it please your 

Your Lordship's most obedient, most faithfull & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 7, 1734. 

^ Bourdin. Homans. 



HoNO^''^ Sir, — I have yours T the carrier of 5 cur" 
with the addittam*, which you call 6 April. Why are you 
so fond of the month of April ? May is doubtless a more 
pleasant month. The passing the two proclamations is 
mighty well. The King's government must be upheld, 
maugre the disobedience of the L" Gov''. I send you old 
H. letter to me, & my answer now T the carrier which 
you'll read & return. I can't see what design he cou'd 
be put upon about the Justices. I have almost concluded 
that Mons'' will (in his rage) at all hazards venture home, 
if the next ship brings him nothing pleasing. 

I acquiesce in ordering a new Assembly when you may 
all think it the best juncture. Inclos'd is my order to the 
Presid* to convene the Council that they may debate & 
advise one wdth another respecting the riot, & do every- 
thing becoming his Majesty's Council to bring the actors 
of that violence to condign punishment."^ I don't mean 
that the Council must act out of their line, or take any 
extrajudicial steps. But I am sure you will agree with 
me that it's best they meet & do all they can at this extra- 
ordinary juncture, & upon so nice & critical an affiiir. 
The King's woods are precious & they must be preserv'd 
by all possible lawfull wayes & means in the power 
of the government ; and it's certainly wise to pre- 
vent Mons'' from having the least pretence of making a 
true & just complaint against the Gov*" & Council. You 

* "We are inform'd that the Hon. Col. Dunbar, Surveyor of His Majesty's Woods, 
having made a Seizure of some Logs or Boards at Exeter, sent Persons to bring away 
the same ; but the Men in whose Possession the Loggs or Boards were, fell upon thpm, and 
in the Skirmish several were very much beat and wounded." (See New-England Weekly 
Journal, April 29, 1734.) Subsequently Governor Belcher issued a proclamation (printed 
in the " Boston Weekly News-Letter " from May 2 to Ma}^ 9), reciting the circumstances, 
as related by Dunbar, requiring search to be made for persons concerned in the affair, and 
commanding all persons to aid and assist the Surveyor-General and his deputies and assist- 
ants in the execution of their office. A detailed account of the riot is given in Bell's 
History of Exeter, pp. 72-75. — Eds. 


may depend he will often sit in Pandemonium, & smnmon 
all his friends to his assistance, for his resolution is Ache- 
ronta movere to his aid. The inclosVl print has the pro- 
clamation, & Boy dell shall repeat it in his Gazette. How 
comes poor unstable Pierce ^ to vote with you ? You'll 
see I have order'd the Presid* to adjourn the Court of 
Appeals, & the Council must think of a proper time. 
Had the Council ad vis' d to a new Assembly, I w^ou'd 
'a' been with you next week, but I had no thoughts of 
coming unless on that occasion. I believe I shall give 
Madam's dangler a quietus at my next coming. 

You must take care to w^atch the adversary, & keep 
the Gov"" constantly advised, that no affair of the govern- 
ment may suffer. I believe never was a viler lye than 
the whisper you mention,! and doubtless comes from the 
quarter you speak of. I don't suppose that board cou'd 
or wou'd ever pretend to anything of so extraordinary a 
nature. M"" Belcher ^vas at Cambridge by the last ship, 
nor had been at London from beginning of Nov'' to that 
time. This must discover the falshood of such a sugges- 
tion. It does not want my testimony, because every one 
that knows or hears of M" Belcher speak loudly of the 
great respect & honour with which he is heard at all the 
publick offices, as well as before the King's Privy Coun- 
cil, and with persons of the greatest distinction at their 
own houses, but what can't malice & envy invent & say ? 

Inclos'd is copy of the letter I wrote Sancho last week,+ 

* Joshua Peirce, one of the Council, See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. \\. pp. 108, 245, 253. 
— Eds. 

t The "whisper" is referred to as follows in a letter from Governor Belcher to Mr. 
Partridge, written on the same day with this letter : " A gent writes me from Portsmo, 
May 6, — ' I have had a whisper within three minutes that M"- Belcher's constancy & impor- 
tunity at the Board of Trade has occasion'd an order from that Board to him to appear 
there no more. 'Tis probable the story is come from Cradock.' Is there the shadow of 
truth in this, or the least foundation for it ? Pray give me a particular answer. I can't 
suppose their Lordships, who are the King's servants to hear all things relating to the Plan- 
tations cou'd or wou'd deny hearing an Agent of a King's Govr as often as he had occasion 
to wait on their Lordships. I am sure such a proceeding wou'd be most extraordinary 
& a just complaint might be made to the King upon it." — Eds 

} See ante, pp. 44-50. — Eds. 


which read & keep to yourself, unless you hear it comes 
abroad otherwise, & return it to me f the carrier. A 
copy goes to Whitehall T Bourdin, who sails tomorrow 
morn. Perhaps he may read it to the Council, tho' I 
question it. 

We have had a hard struggle about this town's repr.* 
From the inclos'd print you'll see S. W® insolence & open 
war with the Gov^ As to the matter of the Toper, f it's 
all an equivocation ; but I think it an high affront to 
Mons"" that his new devotee is oblig'd to deny his master, 
lest he shou'd be sacrific'd to the resentments of the 
people for owning him. For had not the matter been 
clear'd up (altho' in a foolish weak manner) he had cer- 
tainly been dropt, which must show S* Pat. & all his 
adherents how odious he is in this country. I am, 
Hono^^^ Sir, 

Your steady friend. J. B. 

Boston, May 9, 1734. 
# carrier. 


Sir, — I am favour'd with yours Y the post of 10 cur", 
with Sancho's to you & the answer, by which I find he 
gains nothing of the Sec""^ by his troublesome epistles. 
You might also have told him that he call'd a Council at 
Gambling's, & that the Gov'' had held several at Wibird's, 
Sherburne's, & Gambling's. I take it to be the Council 
Chamber wherever they meet. I am sure you are fully 
appriz'd how wise it will be for the Gov'' & Council to 
exert & do every thing they can agreeable to the pro- 
clamation about the riot. Let him commit as many irre- 

* The Boston town meeting was held Ma}' 8. In the forenoon the number of votes cast 
was 604,and only three Kepresentatives were chosen, — Elisha Cooke, who had 346; Thomas 
Gushing, Jr., 574 ; and Oxenbridge Thacher, 317. At the adjourned meeting in the after- 
noon 603 votes were cast; Samuel Welles had 302, and was accordingly chosen. See New- 
England Weekly Journal, May 13, 1734. —Eds. 

1 Elisha Cooke. — Eds. * 


gularities & tyrannies as he pleases, of which there ought 
to be a good diary or journal kept, which may lay the 
foundation of a good thing. You are certainly right 
to keep the Council well united, for Don Diego * is like 
the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast 
up mire & dirt. The Council must be strong & mannerly, 
and they'll daily find his bully airs to flag. I am satisfy'd 
in what you say about an Assembly, & whenever it may 
be a good time to hold one, I hold myself ready. 

All those he has prest to his assistance shou'd demand 
their pay, making out their accounts in a regular manner, 
and the sooner the better. Such a demand will produce 
considerable advantages. By the advices reed yester- 
day T White I begin to think he neither can nor will go 
home. Inclos'd you have the paragraph of a letter of 
3 March to a gent"" here in town, & another of one to me 
of 11 same month, which you may in a prudent manner 
coiriunicate to old H. & the rest of our hearty friends. 
Yet it must be done to each of 'em singly, & in a very 
prudent manner, always secreeting my name. 

I say a good, solid, round complaint to be made out 
against him, well attested, wou'd do fine things to be sent 
home to the King. I am sure we have a good opportu- 
nity in our hands, & let us wisely imploy it. 

I shou'd be glad of the names of two proper persons 
in the lieu of W. & A. The young gent"" you mention 
pray'd me to excuse him when I w^as last with you. 

Taff's frolic at Amaskeeg I believe will produce good 
consequences. Certainly Waldo's declaration (which I 
sent you) will be a full discovery to the ministry at home 
how odious the wretch is here, and how cou'd Waldo be 
such a disconcerted fool as to put himself into the same 
class of odium in his native country? However, as I 
wrote Mons'" sometime ao;o, so it comes out, that the Devil 
makes 'em but dupes in all their silly attempts. The 

* Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. — Eds. 


great King William's advice to his Parliament is mine, to 

the gent"" of the Council, & to all our friends, — Steady, 

steady, and all will be well. So I wish you all, & remain, 

Hono^^« Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, May 13, 1734. 

I think upon all considerations, it's best Sancho shou'd 
remain where he is. I return the ^*^ 



Dear Jonathan, — I have your few lines ^ Hamerden 
of 1 April, with Tullit's bill for Thomas's livery, who I 
suppose is aboard Prince, daily expected. I see you was 
returning to Cambridge, and wou'd leave a particular 
answer to my letters with your uncle. If M"" Bellamy be 
living, give him my humble service. What's come of 
the epithalamium ? the Fellowship ? the account of your 
last year's expence ? and do you come to the bar this 
summer ? 

I now send T Cap* Homans a box cont''' 60*^' of green 
wax candles, well made ; and have put aboard Crocker 
the same quantity to be deliver'd your uncle, from whom 
you. will take them, and present in your own name (as 
the produce of your native country) one box to the 
Lord Chancellor, the other to the Lord Chief Justice, or 
other wayes as you shall judge may be most to your 
service. You must let 'em know that the greatest 
curiosity of them is the aromatic smell, and may be 
handled without any offence. They are made from a 
berry of a shrub which we call bayes* I shall be con- 
stantly writing as occasion may require, and remain 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, May 20, 1734. 

^ Homans. Shepherdson. 




Sir, — I have your favour f the carrier, of 20 inst*. I 
assure you if you & our friends will assist, nothing will 
alter my resolution about Sancho. No, I'll probe him. If 
a good rational complaint can be form'd & strongly sup- 
ported, I am satisfy'd we can do his business as to both 
offices. But if people will not take pains to deliver 
themselves, they must be content to suffer. He has 
rais'd my mettle and I'll vent it to the demolition of so 
vile a creature as much as lyes in my power. 

I think we shall have a good Assembly at Boston. 
Waldo's vulgar madness will do us great service. Beel- 
zebub's health wou'd relish as well here as that of his 
pictures to the life. I thank your caution about 
Sh — r — 1 — y, and will take a proper season to search 
him. He may write what he pleases ; most certainly 
Sancho is virtually absent, and that I insist on; as to 
acts of government he is present only when he has his 
Gov""'^ orders in his hand. As to Holland & Windsor 
they are two distinct governments & forreign each to 

I shall be glad of the copies as soon as your health 
will possibly allow, and am heartily sorry for your present 

I am not much concerned about the celebration of the 
nuptials, provided it don't fail on the part of the Coun- 
cil* Altho' there can't be a coalition, yet we must be 
wise enough to do what is decent & in form, or govern- 
ment cannot be upheld. I say, we must govern our 
spirits in publick business. I assure you he is distrest at 
home (as he calls it) as well as here for the iimim necessa- 
rium, and he must receive & answer more such packets 
as you mention, or he won't be able to subsist long. 

* The reference is to a proposed celebration of the marriafje of the Prince of Orange to 
the Princess Roval. — Eds. I 


Is H — sk such a fool as to be rally'd by a sinking, de- 
spairing Teague ? If he had any packet, I believe he 
wrote it, and directed it to himself, as (Fm told) is his 

Can you judge at all when will be the best time for the 
choice of a new Assembly ? I want to give my friends 
a visset, and am, Hono^^® Sir, 

Your assured friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 23, 1734. 
^ carrier. 


Sir, — The 15 of last month our Sec''^ ColP Winthrop 
deliver' d me your favour of the 9 of Janu* past, which is 
so full of respect, and which I don't deserve, from M'' 
Williams, that it perfectly surprizes me & puts me to a 
full stand to know how to return it. Because the pub- 
lick prints have given you repeated accounts of the diffi- 
culties I have been imbarrast with in the government 
here, I need not repeat 'em ; but think my countrymen 
are too stiffe, and for which they have already severely 
suffer'd. The just honour & rights of the Crown are 
doubtless to be upheld very compatibly with the liberties 
of the people, nor have the Assembly ever really gain'd 
one single point they have contended for ; so I wish they 
may be wiser for the future, that the Gov"" & they may 
both enjoy more ease. However, these difficulties have 
so ingrost me that I have not been able to pay the 
respect I bear to a great many of my worthy friends, and 
I again ask pardon of you in particular. The appoint- 
ment of L" Gov'' Phips & of M"" Oliver in the room of their 
predecessors I hope will strengthen the hands of the 
Hono^^^ Company's Coihiss'"^ here. 

* Treasurer of the Society for propagating the Gospel among the Indians. Governor 
Belcher, when in England, had been on familiar terms with him. — Eds. 


I am much oblig'd for your kind mention of M'' Belcher 
at the Temple, and shall esteem your friendship in re- 
minding the Company to answer my request when there 
may be a vacancy, and unless your air & climate have 
much alter'd him, I will be bound that he shall not dis- 
honour a respect from the Company of that kind. I 
agree with you. Sir, that great is the decay of the spirit 
of piety & vital religion, and I am afraid more with us 
than with you. We seem to have lost our first love, and 
the spirit that drew our forefathers into this desert. 
Luxury & vanity too much swallow up the thoughts of 
the present & rising generation ; and if God thro' the 
abuse of the riches of his mercy in Christ Jesus shou'd 
still withhold his Holy Spirit, vice & prophaness will (like 
a torrent) soon carry all before 'em. But I will not de- 
spair, for we have a number of excellent souls, a remnant, 
I hope, according to the election of grace, whose prayers 
are daily going up to the God of all mercy, and being 
perfum'd by the once sacrific'd but now ascended Jesus, 
the meritorious mediatour & intercessor for apostate man. 
I say, I hope they will thus become a sweet savour in the 
nostrils of that God with whom is the residue of the 
spirit. Nothing, sure, is too hard for Him who rejointed 
the dry bones, cover'd them with sinews, flesh & skin, & 
breath'd upon 'em & they liv'd & stood up upon their 
feet, an exceeding great army. Our hearts & our eyes 
must therefore be alwayes fixed, trusting in Him. 

May you. Sir, constantly enjoye a great measure of 
health, with every other easy circumstance in life, and 
may you & I at the dissolution of soul & body, thro' 
the mercy of God, in Jesus Christ, mount with eagle 
wrings to the tree of life, & eat & live forever. This is 
& shall be the prayer of, worthy Sir, 

Your hearty friend & most obedient servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 25, 1734. 
¥> Shepherdson. 



Sir, — I have reed f* M'' Quincy the honour of yours 
of 30 March past, referring me to another of your favours 
which I have not yet been so happy as to recieve. It 
was a great pleasure to me. Sir, to hear of your health 
and a misfortune & mortification to me & to this Province 
that your afiairs urg'd your speedy & direct return for 
England, which prevents us the pleasure & honour of pay- 
ing you here the just esteem & honour we all have for 
M"" Oglethorpe, and which I shou'd rejoyce to do in any 
way or manner you may please to command. I hope this 
will find you safe arriv'd in England, reed by your prince 
& your country with the respect due to your superiour 
genius & merit. 

I wish the new Colony of Georgia may thrive & flourish 
& soon become a fine addition to the British empire in 
America. But if you will allow me, Sir, I will just men- 
tion what I fear may discourage inhabitants in the first 
beginings of such a settlement, which is, that I have 
heard one condition of the tenure of their lands is, in 
case there be no male heir in a family the daughters are 
all excluded on the death of the father, and the lands to 
revert to the Trustees or to the Crown. If it be so, the 
condition is hard. We have here a fine country, capable 
of naval stores, grain, swine and black cattle, has lead, 
iron & copper mines, and perhaps the best fishery in the 
world; and I think I sign'd grants the last year for 16 
or 18 towns of 6 miles square a peice, which is near 
400,000 acres of land, and the grant is an absolute estate 
in fee simple to the several grantees to do with just as 
they will, except the obligation of building a small hovel 
for themselves & another for their cattle, and bringing 
to a few acres of land to English grass in some reason- 

* See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. p. 278 note. — Eds. 


able time. They pay no quitrent or acknowledgment 
whatever to the Crown or to the government. But when 
a father (with his numerous sons & daughters) has spent 
his (& their) lives in subduing & bringing to a wilderness 
at Georgia, that the younger sons & daughters shou'd en- 
joy no part of the fruit of their labours, but upon the death 
of the father it must appear they have only been slaves 
to the eldest heir male, and must become vagabonds k 
beggars, and in case of no heir male the daughters to be 
still so by the estate's reverting to the Trustees or to the 
Crown; — if this be the case, (with deference to the pro- 
jectors) I think it must greatly check the growth of 
that new colony, by the inhabitants strolling to other 
parts of America to get lands on the much better terms 
aforemention'd. It's true most of the estates in England 
are held in such a manner, but it must be considered 
they have been in cultivation some thousands of years, 
are become gardens, and capable of raising fortunes for 
younger children ; but it must be some centuries before 
wildernesses will be in such a capacity & situation. You 
will, Sir, pardon the freedom I have taken, which I think 
I have done as a true friend to the new colony. 

I have order' d M"" Belcher of the Temple to do himself 
the honour of putting this into your hands, and I shall 
greatly esteem your favour & countenance to him. I 
wish you alwayes much health & honour, & am in all your 
commands, Hono^^® Sir, 

Your most faithfuU humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 25, 1734. 
^ Shepherdson. 


Son Jonathan, — The detention of the ships by bad 
winds & weather gives me the opportunity of answering 
your letters of Feb-- 4, T Tho^ Woods & of March 29 & 30 


T your cousin Oliver (in Prince). I hope Wood will 
prove a good servant. I am sure the charge about him 
is great & so are his wages. Tho' Percival had no more 
than <£20 a year this money. I am sorry you gave Wood 
any encouragment of being a butler (or gent"" servant), 
when I wrote only for a footman to ride behind my 
coach & such like services. 

I thank you for the book of verses, and that you per- 
form'd your part of 'em so well. The letters to your two 
brothers I carefully deliver'd. Your cousin Oliver speaks 
very handsomely of you, and he is very worthy of the 
respectfull mention you make of him. 

Most certainly there's nothing that hellish malice & 
envy can invent but what Dunbar wou'd vent against the 
Gov"". I therefore think all he sayes & does must have 
the less vertue & credit since every one knows the cursed 
source from whence it arises. 

I take a particular notice of your expence from Aug'^ 
28, 1732 to Aug^^ 28, 1733, being £277. 5. Sist'', and is £77 
more than you desir'd or I allow. You must consider, 
Jonathan, every sf shilling is 4/ here & more, but let that 
be as it will, I know you may live very genteely for £200 
st^ a year, & as the Gov^ of N. England's son. There's 
lately arriv'd here one M'' Baxter, a barrister from BB^, 
was six years at the Temple, & then went to BB^ to seek 
his fortune, and about 12 months ago marry'd a lady 
there with £50,000 st^ He has often been to see me, & 
tells me he never spent above £150 a year while a 
Templer, and that £200 st'' a year is a handsome & gen- 
erous allowance, with which I wou'd have you content. 
You must study to be a good oeconomist as well as other 
things, & learn to esteem money as necessary to your 
comfort & honour in life. 

The matter of a Fellowship at Cambridge I suppose is 
over. But what most of all surprizes me is that neither 
your uncle nor you reply a syllable to what I mention'd 


about Tamworth f Knox ; by which I conclude you have 
dropt all thoughts of it. But you had done well to have 
let me known it in time & so have sav'd me & my friends 
a vast deal of trouble ; for the future your uncle & you 
must make a wiser, riper judgment before you ingage 
yourselves & me in such a great affair, because the noise 
of it (to no purpose) makes both me & you contemptible 
among mankind & gives occasion to the ill natur'd to 

Your uncle greatly surprizes me, Jonathan, with your 
love passion at Paul's Yard. I am much oblig'd to my 
cousin Belcher for his respect & civility to you, and the 
young lady (for ought I know) may deserve a far better 
match than you can pretend to be ; but shou'd you pre- 
sume ever to make court to any person without my 
knowledge & chearfull consent, I shall freely own my- 
self more decieved in you than in any person I have 
had to do with, and that you are void of the strict duty 
you owe me, but this I will never believe till I see it. 
I have wrote your uncle something on this head 
which he'll show you,* and when you have thots of 
marrying, pray read mine over gravely & seriously of 
Aug^^ 14, 1732. 

I think it best for you to follow your studies diligently 
(but prudently) and in time see what figure you can 
make at the bar, and whether it will reach a comfortable 
and honourable support for a family. I inclose you a 
paragraph of Gov"" Holden's last letter to me, where he 
mentions you with much respect, and so you must alwayes 
treat him. Perhaps in due time one of his young ladies 
may be at your service. 

29 of March you say you shou'd answer my letters very 
particularly T Hainerden ; but 1 of April you say you 
must defer it to the next. I am, Jonathan, Gov^ of two 
of the King's Provinces (one of 'em not the least), and 

* See post, p. 462. — Eds. 


have alwayes a vast many publick affairs on hand (besides 
all my private business), yet I make it a rule of my life 
never to let letters lye from time to time unanswer'd ; 
how then can you let those from a father to a son lye 
neglected, especially when they are the breathings of 
my heart for your only advantage ? You have in a 
manner dropt writing to every body, and I approve it ; 
but you must be fully convinc'd & possest that writing 
constantly to me is as necessary as any one thing in your 
life. Your studies, your eating and drinking are hardly 
more necessary, and I expect you answer mine paragraph 
by paragraph, for I write you nothing that's triflmg or 
unnecessary. You shou'd not omit the account of your 
annual expence to come 6 months after the time. But 
you must not fail to send it me the first ship that 
comes away after 28 Aug®* next. I am sorry you give 
me occasion for this complaining letter, and hope it will 
be the last of the kind. 

I have desir'd Cap*' Tyng (a passenger in Shepherd- 
son) to deliver this with his own hand. He is your 
father's fast friend ; so tell your uncle, that he & you 
may treat him with a great deal of friendship & civility. 
I am, my dear son. 

Your most affectionate father. . J. B. 

Boston, May 25, 1734. 
¥ Shepherdson. 


Dear Jonathan, — I refer you to mine of 25 ult* ^ 
Shepherdson. Understanding you have some acquaint- 
ance with the Hon^^^ M"" T. Townshend, I inclose you a 
letter from his brother, who lives with me, to corrobo- 
rate & increase it, if you think best. 

I have sent your uncle my speech made yesterday to 



the Assembly, and desir'd him to put it into some of the 
pubhck prints. When you read it perhaps you'll think 
it may not dishonour your father. 

The inclos'd for Gov'" Holden & you has in it an address i 
from the ministers here to the King made at their anniver- I 
sary Convention, and in that respect better than if only 
from the ministers of this town ; but you'll find it pretty 
lean about your father, yet as good as cou'd be got at 
this time. Gov"" Holden & you must desire some of the 
dissenting ministers of London & some New England 1 
merch^' to go with you & deliver it ; & if you are gra- 
ciously reciev'd let a handsome paragraph go into the 
prints about it, mentioning Gov"" Holden's & your name 
in conjunction, and send me one of the prints. Ask your 
uncle to be one of the train to go with you to the King. [ 
I inclose a copy of the address to go into the prints (after | 
delivery), if Gov"" Holden & you judge it worth while. I ] 
think it worth your while to make considerable court to j 
Gov"" Holden. He is a gent"" of vertue & true religion, j 
has a great interest with the Ministry, & may procure you ! 
great favour with them, and if you like the young ladies, d 
who knows but you may in time be better acquainted ^ 
v^ith one of them? I shou'd be glad to have you one of 
the Corporation for propagating the Gospel among the 
Indians here. They are an Hon^'® Society, and I am at 
the head of their Coihiss'^' here. Sir Rob* Clark, W Wilks, 
Hollis, Morton, & Williams can assist to get you in. 

Your old servant, Tho^ Woods, tells me you are very 
regular in your life, for which I thank God. I wou'd ad- 
vise that you be alwayes in bed before ten, and summer & 
winter rise with the sun. Your epithalamium ^ does you 
much honour with better judges than I am. Once more 
I charge you to steal a few seconds for a letter to good 
Madam Rand.f She alwayes speaks of you with tears of 

* On the marriage of the Prince of Orange and the Princess Royal. — Eds- 
t The wife of Dr. William Rand. — Eds. 


respect & pleasure; and send her some nice present to the 
value of a guinea. I love you, and so remain 

Your father. J. B. 

Herevi^ith is jour mother's l""", with a small piece of 

Boston, June 1, 1734. 

^ Fones. 


HoNO^''^ Sir, — I am with yours of 30 ult', and return 
the cofnission for a Special Judge, with a dedimus which 
you'll put into the hands of the President of your Court. 
TafF will never get to his right home 'till Pluto takes him 
into custody. 

I particularly remark all you say about the Indians, and 
wou'd have our people well upon their guard, but not to 
be aggressors. By a ship this week from Bristol I am in 
greater expectation of a war than ever before. 

Slade's an old blockhead if he don't go home upon his 
head. Get what you can sign'd by the Council well 
pointed at Sancho. I think the enemy will soon lick the 
dust. The election came out to my heart's content. At 
the board of 25 votes the House of David commonly have 
18 or 20; and in the House the sot* & his adherents 
look like fellows doom'd for destruction. I hope Astrea 
will once at last ^^ her abode among us. 

I want Coir Oilman's papers to be dispatcht to me more 

than a little. Sir, 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, June 3, 1734. 



Much honoured Lord, — Since I had the honour of 
writing your Lordship last I have met a new Assembly of 

* Elisha Cooke. — Eds. 


the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and am glad to 
acquaint your Lordship that they seem at present one 
of the best Assembhes tliat this Province has had since 
my coming into the government ; and I hope they will 
fall into such measures as may mo<t of all tend to the 
support of his Majesty's honour and to the safety of the 
just liberties and properties of the people that intrust 
them. I shall on my part go on to do everything in my 
power to these good purposes. 

I have now the honour to cover to your Lordship a bill 
past by the House of Repr. and by his Majesty's Council 
the 8 cur" for £3000 for my support, and am again to 
pray the favour of your Lordship that I may obtain the 
royal leave for giving my assent to this bill, and that the 
royal leave may be general, for the reasons I humbly 
offer' d to your Lordship in my last, & provided the 
Assembly do not make the grant less than they have 
hitherto done. 

I can never enough, my Lord, express the gratefull 
sentiments of my heart for your Lordship's continual un- 
merited goodness to me and to my son. That Almighty 
God may bless your Lordship with great health, long life, 
& lasting honour is & shall be the prayer of, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull, most devoted & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, June 11, 1734. 

^ Bennet. Hamerden. 


Sir, — I reed in its course your favour of 15 April, and 
shou'd have answer'd it before now, but that I thouo:ht I 
might have something to transmit you from his Grace of 

* A member of the Council of New York. See New York Col. Docs. vol. vi. pp. 21, 34. 
— Eds , 


Chandos, from whom I have not the honour of any com- 
mands this spring, but am told his Grace was preparing 
to go to his Lieutenancy of Ireland. 

I am sensible no gent"" can appear in any publick sta- 
tion but he will naturally have his enemies ; yet I hope 
your apprehensions exceed every thing of the nature you 
mention, and that your own innocence & honour will con- 
found the wicked machinations of malicious persons. 
And I shou'd be glad to hear your Assembly were as well 
dispos'd as (I thank God) the present Assembly is here to 
pay a just regard to his Majesty's honour & authority, as 
well as to preserve the rights & properties of his people. 

This I intend to be deliver'd you by M'' Thomas Hutch- 
inson, the eldest son of the Hono^^® Tho' Hutchinson, Esq'' 
of this town. He is a young gent"^ of exact vertue, of 
good natural sense, and which he has improv'd by the 
best education this country affords. He lately marry'd a 
fine young lady of this town, with whom he has a fortune 
to the value of 5 or £6000 sf, and is himself in good 
business as a merchant. M"" Silvester of Shelter Island 
being related to his lady, they are going to make a visset 
thither, and as he intends to see your city, I take the 
freedom of recommending him to your friendship & 
civility. You'll find him a young gent" perhaps of too 
much modesty. I assure you I have a great esteem oi 
him, and so has every one that knows him. He has a 
pretty large trade and correspondence in Maryland, and 
has some thoughts of going thither before he returns, 
and will esteem your letters to Philad% or where you may 
be acquainted, and I will be bound that he shall not dis- 
honour any respect you shew him. With mine & M"^ 
Belcher's best regards to Mad™ & Miss Harrison, I am, 
Hono^i^ Sir, 

Your ready friend & very humble serv^ 

J. B. 

Boston, June 27, 1734. 
^ M-- Hutchinson. 



PIoxo"'-'' Sir, — The 4 cur" I reed the pleasure of yours 
of 14 May. Notwithstanding the arrival of many ships 
from G* Britain in two months past we are still in much 
doubt whether the present peace may continue or a new 
war be declar'd ; nor can I possibly come to think con- 
clusively, the advices are so various f every ship. 

I am sure this Province is in a wretched defenceless con- 
dition, and in case of a war will want nothing, but every 
thing ; and the Assembly now sitting seems to be sunk into 
a lethargy on this head, altho' in other matters they show 
the best regard to his Majesty's honour & service of any 
Assembly since my coming into the government. I, Sir, 
doubt not of your care to represent at home the hazard of 
the loss of Nova Scotia in case of a war; for as to any assist- 
ance from hence, I question whether it wou'd be possible 
to bring an Assembly here to be at any charge for your 
assistance. I have often wonder'd to see so little care 
taken of Canso, which, I believe, is capable of being the 
finest fishery in the known world ; and that your Prov- 
ince shou'd be belonging to the Crown of G* Britain now 
24 years, and be still an unpeopled wilderness is strange, 
while I suppose this Province is increas'd in number 30 to 
40 thousand. I inclose you some of our latest prints, 
and am, w^ith much respect. Sir, 

Your Honour's most obed* humble serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, June 27, 1734. 
^ Douglass. 


May it please tour Lordships, — I had the honour 
of writing your Lordships the 9 of last month, upon the 
matter of a riot committed at Exeter in N. Hampshire, 

* See G Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. p. 107 note. — Eds. 


and of ColP Dunbar's comp? to me of it, and of the peo- 
ple's complaint against him, as also of his disobedience 
to my orders, and I had long before this transmitted to 
your Lordships the particular state of these affairs, but 
that it has taken time to get the necessary papers in their 
proper form & order, which are now done, and I have the 
honour to cover them to your Lordships, being 

N° 1. What past in his Majesty's Council on the mat- 
ter of the riot, attested by the Secretary. 

2. My order of 11 April to L**^ Gov"" Dunbar respecting 

a proclamation for a Fast, & a warrant I sent him ; 
his letters to me of April 15, 26 & 29, with his 
orders, &c% therein referr'd to, and my letters to 
him of Apr^ 29 & May 2^ 

3. My orders to M^ Presid'' Walton of April 29, May 

2 & 9. 

4. The complaint of a great number of the inhabitants 

of Exeter against CoW Dunbar, of May 6, with 
affidavits to support it. 

5. The complaints of Daniel Batchelor, Francis James, 

and Benj" Chad well, of May 14, & of Israel Ober & 
George Tuck, of June 7, all sworn to. 

6. My letter to ColP Dunbar of 13 ins*, covering these 

complaints, and his answer to me of 20 cur" 
My Lords, I am sorry I am oblig'd to trouble your Lord- 
ships with such volumns of complaints, letters, & repli- 
cations ; but M" Dunbar's extraordinary proceedings as 
L" Gov'' of N. Hampshire & Surveyor Gen'^ of his Majes- 
ty's Woods make it necessary. The same I also transmit 
to his Majesty's Sec'^ of State. 

As to the affair of the riot, upon the first ace" he gave 
me of it, your Lordships will see in mine of 29 April, I 
was at some loss how he came to write to me, since I had 
seen an order he gave to one ColP Gilman of Exeter, 
where he presum'd to call himself Commander in Chief 
of the Province, and if that were so he cou'd not want 


my assistance ; but I suppose he soon saw his mistake in 
that the people wou'd by no means own him to be such, 
much less wou'd the Gov'" allow him so to be. However, 
let the differences between him & me be what they wou'd, 
I was determin'd to do my duty to his Majesty, and upon 
the rec^ of his letter of 29 April, with some examinations 
he had taken, I gave orders to the Presid' to summon a 
Council to have a proclamation issu'd immediately, which 
your Lordships have herewith, and the same I directed to 
be put into the publick prints inclos'd. After this I order'd 
his Majesty's Council at New Hampshire to do every thing 
in their station for bringing the persons concern' d in the 
villanous riot to condign punishment. This is all, my 
Lords, I cou'd do about this vile affair. 

Your Lordships will readily discern with how much pre- 
judice & sowerness M'* Dunbar writes of the King's Coun- 
cil, of the Sec""^, & of gent"" in the comission of the peace. 
I shou'd have thought it wou'd have been more for his 
honour to have avoided all those reflections. Whatever 
he is pleas'd to say of my supporting people in power 
that are making destruction of the King's woods I must 
crave leave, my Lords, to say. That is a representation 
without the shadow of justice. I have challeng'd him to 
make proper proof of any thing of that kind, but that I 
wou'd not turn gent"" in & out of place upon his ipse 
dixit, & at his pleasure. I have alwayes been ready to do 
every thing in my station to the utmost of my power for 
preserving the royal woods ; indeed, I can't dishonour 
his Majesty's commission by falling into his violent meas- 
ures of maiming & threatning to murder the King's sub- 
jects, and to enter upon 'em with fire & fagot. I have 
so much honour for him as to believe he wou'd not care 
what came of the King's woods so he cou'd but ^x any 
neglect about them on the King's Gov^ But as I can 
appeal to your Lordships, and to the whole world, that 
my administration has been one continued, constant care 


of the King's honour, and of his interest, & more espe- 
cially of the royal woods, by the proclamations & orders 
I have from time to time issu'd about 'em, I can intirely 
depend on the justice & honour of your Lordships that 
his insinuations against me on that head will be as fruit- 
less as every thing else he has been attempting to my 

At his meeting the Council upon the riot he offer'd to 
put a reward into the proclamation, and to pay it himself 
if the Council wou'd consent to a proclamation's going 
out in his name, but as they wou'd not, and there was no 
money in the publick Treasury, there cou'd be no reward 
in the proclamation I issued. Yet if he had been in 
earnest in that matter, he might have advertis'd a reward 
in the publick prints, which is often done besides the proc- 
lamations issu'd by governments. But the Council con- 
cluded, & so did T, that he only wanted to issue a 
proclamation in his own name, in order to wrench the 
King's power out of my hands. In his letter of 29 April 
he values the condemned boards & logs at £2000, yet I 
think the complain*' say he offer'd them to sale for £250. 
Your Lordships will find by the several affidavits in what 
a severe manner ColP Dunbar has us'd the King's subjects 
from time to time upon his survey. With great deference 
to your Lordships such sort of managment wou'd better 
sute the government of France or Turkey than what is 
markt out by the constitution of G* Britain for the gov- 
ernm* of Englishmen, who are under the best of sov- 
ereigns, that delights & glories in making the laws the 
rule of his administration. I say, unmercifully beating 
some, threatning to shoot others, and to lay the estates 
of others in ashes, and in a violent, unwarrantable man- 
ner stopping vessells at the fort, and firing upon 'em to 
the great hazard of the people's lives & estates can by no 
means be executing the comission the King has honour'd 
him with , and inasmuch as there are no regular forces 



to support such extraord^ proceedings, it has been with 
the greatest difficulty that I have been able to suppress 
the rising passions of the people (who from the first set- 
tlement of this country have been perfect strangers to 
such arbitrary government). Nor cou'd I have done it 
but by assuring y"" that I wou'd lay their complaints be- 
fore our most gracious sovereign, from whom they cou'd 
not fail of redress. If the King's business was to be done 
in such a manner, what need wou'd there be of laws or 
civil government ? When he wrote to me of stopping 
the trade & navigation of the river, my answer to him 
was to do nothing but what was clearly warranted by 
law. Had I absolutely forbid him, I imagin'd he wou'd 
have disobey'd my order, as he has done in another case, 
and his saying otherwise to me was what I cou'd by no 
means depend on ; and that I made a right judgment in 
giving no orders in this case appear'd by his stopping 
several vessels after his obtaining the opinion of his 
Majesty's Advocate General to the contrary. 

When these complaints were brought me, I serv'd him 
with copies, and he sayes he will make answer to them 
at home. Upon reading them and the affidavits your 
Lordships will be better able to judge of M"" Dunbar's 
managments, and what orders to give to me & to him 
for the future in these matters, or to his successor, for 
he writes me he is going home. I wish it be true, for 
his Majesty's honour & service, for I think his behaviour 
in these parts from first to last has had no other ten- 
dency than to prejudice the King's subjects against his 
government, so far as M"" Dunbar has had anything to 
do with it. What a gross mistake did he make, my 
Lords, about the lands at Pemaquid, and did he not 
break his instructions, that only gave him power to lot out 
the Kino-'s lands in Nova Scotia ? but accordinof to his 
despotic manner he was pleas'd to assert the lands in the 
Massachusetts to be in Nova Scotia, and there to run 


out charge on his own head, and I am told without the 
least order originally from the Crown, & surely to very 
little purpose, being only a loose wall of dry stones, a 
great part whereof is already tumbled down. Had I, 
my Lords, been arriv'd to the government, and M"" Dun- 
bar had presum'd to have medled with any of the lands 
within the grant of the Crown to the Massachusetts, 1 
shou'd in pursuance of his Majesty's royal coinission have 
effectually prevented his doing what he did, unless he 
had shown me his Majesty's royal orders to warrant 
him ; and liad the government here at that day so done 
it had sav'd his Majesty's ministers & your Lordships a 
vast deal of trouble, as well -as a great charge to this 
Prov in procuring her Majesty's order (when guardian of 
the Kingdom), " That the said David Dunbar do quit the 
possession of all the said lands, and also to revoke such 
parts of the instructions given by his Majesty on the 27 
of April, 1730, to the said David Dunbar as have any 
relation to the settling the lands lying between the rivers 
Penobscutt & S* Croix," and if M"" Dunbar had inclin'd to 
look into the Koyal Charter of this Province he might 
have been convinc'd that he cou'd as justly have pre- 
tended to have put a few loose stones together for a fort 
in the town of Boston, and to have lotted out land there, 
as at Pemaquid. By his desire I once mention'd to the 
Assembly here the paying him any thing they might 
think reasonable for his expence in that part of this 
Province, and your Lordships have long since seen their 
sense of that matter in their Journal I had the honour 
to send you in its course ; and unless he has some better 
claim of reimbursement from the Crown than from this 
Province, he will perhaps learn to be wiser for the future. 
Your Lordships will be able to judge how much service 
he did as a Surveyor of the King's Woods while he was 
from Sepf 13, 1731, to July 2, 1733, constantly at 
Pemaquid, and notwithstanding what M'' Surveyor may 


insinuate to your Lordships of his vigilance & care of his 
Majesty's woods, I am prone to believe upon a strict en- 
quiry your Lordships wou'd find more strip & waste made 
of them in the five years of his surveyorship than in any 
ten years before, which must be attributed partly to his 
absence, but much more to his imprudence (to give it 
the softest term). I wish I was able to represent to your 
Lordships any one service he has done for his Majesty 
from his arrival here to this day, but instead of that his 
whole study seems to have been to render himself, & every 
body he has had to do with, uneasy & restless ; and by 
the printed paper inclosed your Lordships will see how 
odious he is in this country, that for any one even to 
drink his health is to ruin his interest & reputation with 
the people. Indeed, my Lords, it wou'd seem something 
extraordinary to one that did n't know M" Dunbar that 
one who pretends so highly to assert the King's honour 
shou'd take such a creature as M'" Cook into his bosom, 
after the King's Gov'" has remov'd him (& his son) from 
two profitable posts in the government for his constant 
opposition & disrespect to the King's honour & service ; 
but at this I am not much surpriz'd, for I suppose M"" 
Dunbar's picque & ill nature at the Gov'" will allwayes 
readily incline him (for the accomplishment of any point 
against the Govern'') to resolve, Flectere si neqiieo siiperos, 
Acker onta moveho. 

Altho my letter of 2^ May has nothing in it but exact 
truth & facts, yet I wish he had sav'd me the trouble of ex- 
posing his want of proper thought & duty to his superiour. 
His late predecessor & I liv'd in good harmony, and so I 
have also with my L" Gov'"' here ; but with this genf" it's 
not possible for any man to be easy, he has such a thirst 
of being bigger than he is. I beg leave once more to 
repeat, with submission to your Lordships, that I am 
firmly in opinion that it wou'd tend much more to the 
safety of the King's government, as well as to the better 


preservation of the royal woods, that M"" Dunbar was re- 
mov'd, and a wiser man to succeed him. I humbly beg 
your Lordships' pardon for the length of this letter, which 
has been unavoidable, and have the honour to be, with 
great respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, July 1, 1734. 

¥ Hamerden. [Same to the Duke of Newcastle.] 


Mat it please your Gkace, — It is with great satis- 
faction that I have the honour of acquainting your Grace 
that the present Assembly of this Province seems to have 
a better sense of their duty to his Majesty than any other 
I have met since my arrival to the government, having at 
the first of their sitting gone thorro (with dispatch) some 
things affecting his Majesty's honour & service that have 
formerly struggled & labour'd with much difficulty, as 
your Grace will find by their Journal inclosed, and I hope 
they will still go on with the affairs of the government, 
so as to recommend them, & this whole people, to his 
Majesty's grace & favour. 

Besides the address of congratulation to his Majesty 
from the whole Assembly upon the happy marriage of the 
Princess Royal with the Prince of Orange, which will be 
deliver'd your Grace by the Agent of this Province, there 
is also an address to the King from his Majesty's Council 
and from the House of Represenf"^ here, setting forth the 
naked condition of this Province with respect to guns, 
powder, & other stores of war, and humbly imploring his 
Majesty's aid & assistance. They have also made a vote 
of request to me that I wou'd make my application to 
his Maj*^'' ministers for success in this necessary affair. 
Here is, my Lord Duke, in this harbour, about 3 


miles below the town, a very regular fortification on a 
place called Castle Island, and to which a new addition 
is now making for the entertainment of twenty large 
cannon, and then Castle William (so it is called) will be 
capable of mounting 120 guns, but the greatest part of 
what guns are now there are old & honeycomb'd. The 
iron work (as well as the wood) of the carriages much 
decay'd ; and I think at this time there are but ten W' of 
powder belonging to this fortification, and most other 
gunners' stores are wanting, with mortars, shells, & small 
arms. There are also six small forts or blockhouses on 
the frontiers that have hardly a gun in them, or a small 
arm fit for service. And the maritime towns, as Boston, 
Salem, Marblehead, Gloucester, & Plimouth, are now un- 
der the considera° of the Assembly in order to the build- 
ing of batteries for entertaining the best part of 100 
cannon, which works will create a great charge to this 
his Majesty's Province, and without them the King's gov- 
ernment & subjects here will lye constantly expos'd to 
the insults of their enemies. Let me then be a humble 
orator to your Grace in the behalf of this Province that 
they may feel the benign influence of the King's royal 
grace & bounty in this important article, and in a man- 
ner worthy of so great a monarch, & of so good & kind 
a father to all his people. Then shall the present & 
future generations rise up & bless the King and his Royal 
House, and they will hold themselves under great obliga- 
tions to your Grace, and so will he, who is with the pro- 
foundest respect & deference, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most faithfull, most obedient & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, July 2, 1734. 

¥ Ilamerdeu. [Same to Lords of Trade and Lord Wilmington.] 




My dear Son, — My last was a few lines of 10*^ ult' 
f Bennet. What I now write your uncle he'll comuni- 
cate, being to you as well as to him, and you must assist 
in what you can, especially about Dunbar, who (I am 
sensible) has wrote home every thing he can invent to 
my prejudice. I inclose you copy of the Assembly's Ad- 
dress to the King, to be printed, if your uncle & you 
think proper, after M"" Wilks has deliver'd it. You'll find 
it does your father honour, but it will do me vastly more 
if M"" Wilks with your uncle's & your assistance can ob- 
tain the stores, and I have told M^ Wilks they must be 
consign'd to the Gov"". 

I am glad to hear that (at Cambridge) you chose for 
your company those that are older, wiser, & more learned 
than yourself With the aged is wisdom, and he that 
walks with the wise shall be wise. 

I send you herewith copy of M"^ Jam^ Belcher's last 
letter and of my answer; the latter you'll forward to 

I wou'd have you make a present to Harvard Library 
of the Collection of Poems, from Cambridge University, 
on the Marriage, and as they were on the conjunction of 
virginity let 'em be handsomely bound ia snow-white 
vellum, the leaves & binding adorn'd with gilding, and 
the title in red leather on the outside of one of the 
covers ; and what if you inscrib'd it to your Alma Mater 
in a short, handsome compliment in Latin verse in one of 
the blank pages, in manuscript, dated from your cham- 
bers in the Middle Temple (London). Don't forget it; 
it will do you honour. 

I have now the best Assembly of any since my arrival 
to the government, and my enemies (even those of the 
first rank) daily gnash their teeth & melt away. The 


whole country (in a manner) is grown easy & seem 
resolv'd to practice the duty & loyalty they so justly 
owe to the best of kings. This has cost me vast pains & 
inexpressible trouble & fatigue ; but pnidens qui patiens is 
an excellent rule. The thoughts of any change here 
wou'd throw this country into all manner of uneasiness & 
confusion, especially to mention the name D — b — r, he is 
so universally odious here and at N. Hampshire. Dear 
Jonathan, if any thing has lately dropt from my pen with 
too much acrimony, impute it to my fondness and to the 
soUicitude I have for your best good, for there is noth- 
ing I more desire, and I am, with the most paternal 

Yours. J. B. 

I send you half a doz. of M'" Bernard's Election Ser- 
mons, whom y^ Gov"" appoint*^ to that service. They '11 
bear to be red at Court. What if you shou'd get one 
hand:^omely cov*^ & gilt edges, to be put into the hands of 
the Queen. She'd read it, be pleas'^, & tel y^ King. An- 
other you may give to ColP Blad'', Newman, Bellamy, or 
as you please. 

Boston, July 3, 1734. 

F Hamerden. Wimple. 


Dear Jonathan, — Just now arriv'd Cap* Cary with 
your letter of 4 May, which I fear I shall not be able to 
answer by this conveyance. This being onlj^ to recom- 
mend the bearer M"" D'Reck to your acquaintance, and 
to all the respect & civility you can possibly show him. 
He is an Hannoverian by birth, but on the death of his 
father he went & liv'd with his uncle at Ratisbon, from 
whence he came last winter, and conducted a number of 


Saltzburg emigrants to Holland, and from thence (touch- 
ing at Dover) he went with them to Georgia to see them 
settled, and is come from thence hither by way of Caro- 
lina, Philadelphia, New York & Eh*^ Island. He comes to 
me with the character of good birth, good sense & un- 
common vertue & religion, and, by the best judgment I 
can make from the short acquaintance I have had with 
him, he exceeds every good & kind thing has been said of 
him. He is but 23 years old ; it is therefore surprizing 
to behold his gravity, innocence, sweetness of temper, & 
true piety. That he shou'd leave his native country, en- 
dure the fatigues of a long winter voyage, & expose him- 
self to the hardships of a wilderness, and all for the pure 
love & respect of the cause of God & true religion, I say 
this is what the present age produces few examples of. 
I am sure you'll be pleas'd with his acquaintance, and 
that you will with all alacrity treat him as kindly as you 
wou'd a brother, which I shall esteem a repeated instance 
of duty to 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, July 3, 1734. 

¥ Hamerden (or M-" D'Reck). 


My dear Jonathan, — Just as I had clos'd my letters 
T Hammerden arriv'd Cap*' Cary with yours of 4 May, 
bringing the determination of the election at Tam- 
w^orth, by which I find the election at Tamworth de- 
termin'd in Lord Sackvil & Maj*" Compton, the latter 
being also chosen at Northampton, and will (doubtless) 
declare himself for the last. I am therefore fully in 
opinion, you now^ stand a much better chance than be- 
fore ; Maj"" Compton being brother to one Earl & nephew 
to another made him a potent competitor. I observe by 



M' Crossland's to you of 27 April, he says, '' I am sure 
WG sliou'd have been wanting some few in number; so I 
think it was best not to push it at this time." But cou'd 
you have carry'd your point it wou'd have disobhg'd 
Lord Wihnington, which is now wisely avoided, and may 
it not be worth while for your uncle, W Crossland, & you 
now to wait on that noble Lord for his & Maj" Comp ton's 
interest, and to make some merit of your not going down 
to interrupt the latter? but if there be hazard of Lord 
Wilmington's recomend° any other candidate it will be 
best to push without saying any thing to him. 

I am glad the convey"" is got safe ; and there are orders 
gone forward to Tamworth thus, — 

From Maj'^ Vassal to M^ Storke for 200. 

M^' Joshua Winslow to M^ Partridge 150. 
M"^ Wheelwright to M"" Newberry 150. 

M'^ Hall to M-^ 100. 

is st^ £600, 
and I am endeavouring to get orders for as much more, 
and I will constantly do all in my power to promote the 

I have remitted your uncle in bills & copper ore £150 
st'' in the months of May & June, and am promist some 
more bills so soon as they can be drawn, and I shall send 
them to him. I do all I possibly can to get money to 
him, but nothing is so difficult, and since the Chancellor^ 
fails you the matter must drop without any further strug- 
gle, unless your uncle or you can find some friend among 
his friends (or otherwise) to exchange with you an estate 
in lands, or the value in the stocks, for a qualification, 
for the estate I have convey'd to you. For I am not able 
to do any thing more or better as to your qualification, 
and that estate is at this day worth more than £20,000 
of this currency. 

The inclos'd you'll cover to M'' Crossland, and send him 

* Rev. George Reynolds. — Eds. 




in my name or your own, as you think best, the box of 
green wax candles w* 49^^"' I send T the bearer; or present it 
to any body else, where you think it may serve you most. 
I repeat that I think you stand fairer than ever yet for 
Tamworth ; but then M"" Crossland, your uncle, & you (if 
you think it safe to say any thing about it) must season- 
ably secure the interest by which Maj*" Compton gain'd his 
choice. I am of the mind now that M"" Crossland was be- 
fore this choice, that you be quiet & secret 'till pretty near 
the time of election, and some few days before it to ap- 
pear at the borough, live handsomely, and attract every 
body with the most obliging behaviour you are master 
of. Thus you have all I can think of on this head, and 
you must not fail to write me constantly upon it by every 
conveyance before winter ; and if you can suggest any- 
thing more to be done in my power I shall pursue it, and 
am alwayes, my dear son, 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, July 6, 1734. 

This letter is to your uncle as well as to you. 

^ Wimple. 


My dear Son, — I have already wrote you f this 
convey^ in answer to the affair of Tamworth. 

I observe the letter you reed from the B. of Lincoln in 
favour of M"" E. Finch, and the two circular letters from 
M' Tho' Townshend & M'' H. Finch on the same head. 
It is w^ith great pleasure I take notice of any little oppor- 
tunity you had to express your father's gratitude to his 
noble patron, the Lord Viscount Townshend, and hope M"" 
Townshend & JVP Finch will be ready to serve you when 
you can properly ask it, — the latter, I believe, is an 
anticourtier. As M"" Reynolds can't return hither to his 


inind, I see you are to expect no further favour from my 
Lord or his family, which is not strange to me, but what 
I wrote you 2 or 3 years ago, that the B'^ respect cen- 
ter'd in what service your father cou'd do for his son. 
However, I venture one more letter by this convey* which 
you may deliver or not. 

I take a particular notice of the passage of D — b — r's 
letters. How extraordinary is it that he shou'd be so vile 
& wicked as to do all he cou'd to hinder the N. Hamp- 
shire Assembly from doing anything for the King's honour 
& service & for the good of the people, and then say the 
Gov"^ was unable to do any thing & dissolv'd the Assembly, 
kc^. This certainly can have no influence on wise, rea- 
sonable men. I agree with him that the fort is in a 
miserable condition, w^hich I take to be very much owing 
to him. As to the disputes between him & me, I don't 
intend a fee of £5 to a lawyer who will give his opinion 
en passant shall determine it, nor shall any less person than 
his royal Majesty King George.* The queries he propos'd 
to the Council, I think went fairly against him. As to the 
logs, mills, k(f I have at all times done every thing, con- 
sistent with the justice & honour of the King's Gov'', for 
his Majesty's service. To allow the Assembly to emit 
more bills wou'd be to cheat all the merchants of Great 
Britain trading this way ; for every considerable new 
emission sinks the value of all outstanding debts at least 
20 f c*. But why does your uncle let you have the 
trouble of these thino;s ? I had rather he wou'd take 'em 
upon himself, and not divert you from your studies. 

As your degree at Cambridge (with its priviledges) does 
you honour & service, if you cou'd easily obtain the same 
ad eundem at Oxford it wou'd still give you more weight 
& respect in the world ; so I believe you will not forget 
it at a seasonable juncture. 

* Shirley had given an opinion favorable to Dunbar's claims, much to Belcher's dissat- 
isfaction. — Eds. 


Jonathan, I may perhaps have too much fondness for 
every thing that drops from my own pen, yet I think 
you ought alwayes to have so much regard to it as to give 
me an answer paragraph by paragraph to all I write, nor 
will it finally be pleasing that you tell me from one 6 
months (& 12 months) to another that this or that hinders 
you from your duty. I remain 

Your loving father. J. B. 

Boston, July 8, 1734. 

Didn't you subscribe for me for the 2*^ vol. of Burnet's 
History ? Why don't you send it ? 

^ Wimple. 


Sir, — Having already wrote you f this convey* of 6 & 
8 cur** I have little to add. Inclos'd is bill of lading for 
a box of green wax candles, 49^^', and a bundle of fish 
112^^^ T Wimple. Let Jonathan write a letter to L*^ 
Townshend, to accompany the fish to Raynham, and pray 
my Lord to accept it as a small token of gratitude from 
his father. The candles he may present to Crossland in 
his own name (or to whom else he pleases). I have de- 
sir'd Wimple to get 'em past as his ship's store, and so 
to save the duty, but if he can't do it without too much 
trouble & hazard you must pay it & charge to me. 

I having adjourn'd this Assembly to 11 Sepf, and the 
affairs of the government not being pressing here at 
present, I intend to imbark Munday 15 ins* aboard the 
Scarboro man-of-war. Cap* Durell, to take a view of such 
places along the eastern shore of this Province as I have 
not yet seen, down as far as the River S* Croix, being the 
boundary between the Massachusetts & Nova Scotia, and 
hope to return hither in 14 or 20 days. This will give 
me a more particular knowledge of that part of my gov- 
ernment, atid so the opportunity of giving my orders 


about it for the future more for his Majesty's service & 

As to your nephew's still standing for Tamworth, I add 
to all I have said, that if you have a love for him, and 
any interest among those you call your friends, this is 
the time to show it. It's not in his nature to decieve 
you. No, he is a very honest man, and if any body 
favours him with a qualification, they will be very safe in 
all they transact with him. I have done what I can, & 
can do no more than to get what further orders I can for 
the manufacture, and remisses to bear out the charge of 
the election, which you may depend I will do ; and Cap' 
Durell has promist me some more bills on the public 
offices about two months hence, and I will do every thing 
else I can to get money to you. Pray press forward the 
leave for my support that I may have it by the fall 
ships. I am, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, July 12, 1734. 
# Wimple. 


My DEAR Son, — At my return from S* Croix and the 
other eastern parts of this Province, which I have lately 
been to view, I found your letters of April 4, May 27 & 
31, f Russell. As to the nuptials of the Princess Royal 
with the Prince of Orange, I think you'll find I was early 
in my duty on that head, and when the Assembly met I 
brought them into a handsome Address. 

I shou'd be glad to do any service for the new Colony 
of Georgia ; but considering how great a part of this Prov- 
ince still remains unpeopled and unsetl'd, and the low 
ebb to which the commerce here is reduced, I am sensible 
it wou'd be to little purpose to move the Assembly to an 
act of charity in favour of that new Colony ; for they are 


constantly complaining that they are not able to support & 
defend their own Province. 

I take a particular notice of your correspondence with 
M'' Crossland, of the Taraworth poll, and of all things 
relating to that affair, and upon the whole I find (in case 
of Maj'" Compton's declaring for North Hampton) your 
election is still attended with considerable uncertainty 
from the Earl of North Hampton's recommendation of 
another brother (the consul at Lix^) and M"" Crossland 
seems to point you to ask the interest of S'' R. W., Earl 
Wilmington, & Lord Weymouth. So there are great dif- 
ficulties still to be overcome. I believe you are pretty 
much a stranger to S"" R. W. ; and Lord Wilmington will 
naturally be in favour of his ow^n family, that unless you 
can be in a manner sure of a favourable answer it will 
be dangerous to put the question to him, lest he shou'd 
deny you, and then be disgusted if you push the matter 
without his leave. Whereas, if you say nothing to him, 
you may give him less occasion of disgust, and when the 
matter's over you may make a handsome compliment of 
your not interfering with his kinsman (the Maj"") tho' you 
might have done it wdth great probability of success. 
But if Lord Wilmington waves the matter as to the Con- 
sul, then you may perhaps have his favour & interest. 
Sir Rob* may have some friend in reserve. Your uncle, 
M"" Crossland, & you may consider of what I say, and 
form the best judgment you can whether to make an 
effort upon these two gent"", which to me indeed seems a 
nice & delicate point. As to L^ Weymouth, if he be a 
gent™ easy of access & you can rationally hope for his 
interest, I approve of your attempting it, and to take 
your chance without saying any thing to S*" R. W. or 
E. W. 

I have already advised you of the orders gone forward 
to your uncle for some of the Tamworth manufactures 
to value of £600 st^ It is now too late in the year to 


order any goods to come on this coast ; nor do I indeed 
incline to be asking favours & laying myself under 
obligations to my friends here, unless you cou'd reap 
the fruit of it by gaining your election. What is 
already ordered will show M'' Crossland & the rest 
of your friends that the Gov'* has it in his power to 
encourage their manufactures, provided they'll make you 
one of their representatives in Parliam*, and thereby 
their powerfull advocate for reviving their stagnated 
trade, and methinks if they are not blind to their own 
interest (especially all those voters, whose families depend 
on their own industry) they must prefer such a man as 
you to those who perhaps have it not in their power, nor 
will give themselves any concern to promote the manu- 
factures & trade of the place. If it wou'd help out your 
election I wou'd be content to lay out 4 to £500 st"" on 
my own ace", according to my letters to your uncle & you 
in May last, and to pay the money in 9 or 12 months, and 
if you shou'd be chose the borough may depend on my 
sending more orders from my friends in the spring, and 
that I will not forget to serve them as often & as long 
as I can. If your uncle thinks proper, send this para- 
graph of my letter to M'' Crossland, to whom I hold 
myself & you under great obligations for his steady friend- 
ship, prudence & great integrity in the whole managment 
of this affair. 

The Fellowship of Trinity Hall I see dropt thro. How- 
ever it mayn't be amiss to keep up the best interest you 
can there against a more favourable opportunity ; and a 
good understanding with Sir Rob* Clark, Gov'* Holden, 
M"" Wilks, Williams, & Morton may give you the knowl- 
edge of a vacancy, and the opportunity of filling it, — I 
mean in the Society whereof Sir Rob* Clark is Gov"* (or 

I see you had reed my picture from M"* Caswall. I 
think it is not much like, tho' a good peice of paint, done 


by M'' Philips of Great Queen Street out of Lincoln's Inn 
Fields. I am surprized & much displeas'd at what your 
uncle writes me of M"" Newman & your having my picture 
done on a copperplate. How cou'd you presume to do 
such a thing without my special leave and order ? You 
shou'd be wise and consider the consequences of things 
before you put 'em in execution. Such a foolish affair 
will pull down much envy, and give occasion to your 
father's enemies to squirt & squib & what not. It is there- 
fore my order, if this comes to hand timely that you de- 
stroy the plate & burn all the impressions taken from it. 

Your sitting under the instructions of D"" Dickens in 
the Civil Law, I believe will be much to your advantage 
when you come to practice in Chancery. 

I am well satisfied with the presents you made to your 
Cambridge University. 

The seal you have sent me is neat & well cut, but I 
think the device over the greyhound's head is not s& well 
proportioned, bearing nearer on one side than t'other. I 
may perhaps be too curious in such things. The man has 
also exceeded in its size, being bigger than L"^ Barring- 
ton's sent you for a pattern. It is indeed well cut and 
a fine seal, yet I now return it T Cap^ Cary, and make a 
present of it to you. Labor ipse vohiptas. is Lord King's 
motto, and I think you have a better right to it than 
your father, and I wish you may reap as much fruit from 
the practice of it as that noble Lord has. Between this 
and winter I shall give you orders about another seal. 
The glasses you sent are pretty, but may soon be out of 
fashion, & are too costly for constant use. 

I observe you was admitted to the bar 24 May last 
(cost £24), in which matter you had some extraordinary 
marks of favour from the benchers. I am glad you are 
got there because I am told it will give you some ad- 
vantage in the pursuit of your studies, which you are 
resolved to attend with a close application, and that no 




labour shall be ^vanting in you to shine in your profes- 
sion, k to merit the favour of mankind, and that the 
present opportunity of young gent""' rising in the law 
shall be a spur to your ambition. These are laudable 
resolutions, & render you worthy of my best future care, 
and as a fresh instance of it I refer you to my letter of 
4 of May last, with those from Judge Auchmuty and 
M"" Advocate Shirley respecting your coming into busi- 
ness. The latter I take to be a well digested letter, and 
deserves your grave & sedate consideration. Often re- 
volve in your mind the great Lord Coke's motto, Pnidens 
qui patiens, and that of the excellent Judge Hale's, Festina 
lentt, I am therefore absolutely against your pushing into 
business, but let me desire & charge you to be patient 
for at least two years (if it pleases God so long to spare 
your life), before you come into any other business than 
what M'' Auchmuty & Shirley have advis'd. I am satisfy'd 
it wilt give you the advantage of amassing a better trea- 
sure of knowledge in your profession & consequently of 
shining with a greater lustre in all futurity, and since I 
am willing still to support you, what can you have against 
it ? You must be sure I aim at your solid, substantial, 
lasting good in this matter ; and depending on your fall- 
ing in with this scheme, I forbear the letters you desire 
for putting you forward in business. The candles I hinted 
your presenting to the two noble persons you mention 
may refresh their knowledge of you ; and upon your 
answer to what I have once & again wrote on this head, 
you shall have letters to all my friends at such a time as 
you may judge proper. 

You must not fail to make your handsomest compli- 
ments to M'' Auchmuty & Shirley 'f» the first opportunity. 
While an unprofitable correspondence is to be neglected, 
one that nearly affects a man's real interest is to be 
nourisht with gratitude, nor must you let any thing ex- 
cuse you in such cases; for who is oblig'd to show you 


respect if you don't think it worth returning? I am 
glad M"" Auchmuty's brother reed you so kindly, which 
you must also mention in your letter hither. 

The conveyance of the estate I have made to you is 
all I am able to do for your qualification, and it's very 
well that you'll observe whenever you make an exchange 
of it that it shall be done on both sides in fee simple. I 
have and shall be making remisses of all the money I 
possibly can to your uncle. You have herewith my let- 
ters to M'' Bellamy & Marshall, thanking their generous 
friendship to you ; but you must be very cautious of run- 
ing yourself in debt, or bringing yourself under heavy 
obligations, yet I confess a body wou'd strain a point 
to accomplish the afeir of Tamworth. 

^ the first shipping leaving London after 28 of this 
month I shall expect your yearly account. 

If you cou'd nick an opportunity of getting a Master's 
degree at Oxford at a small expence, I shou'd be pleas'd 
with it. Me thinks by proper recommendations from 
your Cambridge University it wou'd not be hard to get a 
degree at Oxford ad eitndem. 

I have still to add to this letter (I'm afraid) a long 
paragraph in answer to what you say of D — b — r, C — k, 
W — do, & C — d — c. About the three last I give myself 
little concern. C — k sinks every day, and has almost 
lost his sting. W — do seems to have laid aside th'e thots 
of a London voyage at present, and C — d — c is return'd 
with the Tartar man-of-war to N. York & expected here 
some time this week. So D — b — r is the great hydra, 
whose head must be cut off, if possible, and inclosed you 
have copy of Lord Townshend's letter in answer to what 
I wrote him. May it not be worth your while to make 
his Lordship (& Lady Dolly) a visit, tho it be a journey of 
100 miles. With how much respect and with how much 
integrity and honour does his Lordship treat your father! 
It's impossible for me or mine to return him sufficient 


gratitude. I intend to follow Lord Townshend's advice, 
and apply myself directly to S"" K. W. in the case of 
D — b — r. As to the mandamus's for W. & A., there's no 
great matter in it. I offer'd to admit 'em when I was 
last at N. Hampshire, and so I shall again w^hen I go the 
next month. But shou'd they refuse as they did before 
(upon my offering), I wou'd not admit 'em just when they 
pleas'd. Bl — d — n I am sensible is a fast advocate to 
D — b — r, and I must expect no favour while he is at the 
Board of Trade ; but were the D — v — 1 there I shou'd 
expect justice under the British Constitution corrobo- 
rated with the Hannover Succession. The answer you 
had from Lord Wilmington was natural enough, since he 
had not inclination to give himself trouble in my fav"". 

I take notice of your uncle's opinion & M"" W™ Sharp's as 
to applying to D. N. Castle. There will alwayes be diffi- 
culties in business while we live in the world, but it has 
never been my way & manner to terrifye myself with 
dark imaginations & chimeras. Had I so govern'd myself 
I had not been at this day Gov^ of my native country, nor 
had you been a counsellor at law & a Master of Arts of 
Trinity College, Cambridge. Our Saviour sayes, Sufficient 
is the day for the evil thereof; and the Royal preacher 
sayes, He that observeth the wind shall not sow, and he 
that regardeth the clouds shall not reap. That is, it's 
best for a man to go forward in the way of his duty, and 
leave the event to Almighty God. I remember when I 
was at Breda (18 years ago) I saw over the door of the 
Stadt House a device of the late glorious King William's, 
Bccte facicndo neminem timcas. 

I am. Sir, prodigiously surprized at what 3^our uncle 
writes me upon the hearing (29 May) before Lords Trade 
(Docminique, Bladen, & Pelham) where Coir Bladen took 
upon him the managment of the whole hearing. Had 
he been consulted upon my being made Gov', he had 
play'd the same game he does now, and have done every 


thing in his power to have prevented me. I therefore 
apply'd myself to his superiours & obtained my point. I 
really admire your imcle should give up things as he did 
to Coir Bladen. As I have said, Wentworth & Atkinson's 
mandamuss are trifles but to give in to Dunbar's having 
the half (or an iota) of my salary at N. Hampshire is what 
I can't account for. Altho' your uncle is an honest, dili- 
gent man, yet I must say I have not had to do with any 
body closer & nearer for his penny, and were my case his 
I can't believe he wou'd be so ready to give away his 

The affair of N. Hampshire government is thus : 

The salary settled on me £600 a year 

Out of w^hich my 2 yearly jour- 
neys is 200 

So that govern™* is worth to me but £400 a year. 
The perquisites due to me by my comission & instruc- 
tions, being the command of the fort, registers, passes to 
the castle, licenses for marriages, certificates for naval 
stores, &c* (all which I give to the L" Gov'') are about 
£200 a year, and shou'd I give him the half of my salary 
the matter wou'd stand thus : 

To the Gov'' for the half of £600 

a year £300 

My yearly journeys 200 

makes clear £100 a year 
And the L*^ Gov'' wou'd stand thus : 
To have half of what's settl'd on 

the Gov"- £300 

The perquisites abovement^ which 1 
now allow him, 200 

is £500 a year 

to the Gov'^'^ £100. Can ColP Bladen or any gent™ look 
on this account stated as it truly & really is, and think it 


consistent with justice & honour, that the affair of the 
government shou'd be put into such a posture & situa- 
tion ? If he or any body else can endure the thouglits of 
it, I assure you I cannot, nor will I ever condescend to it, 
let the consequence be what it will. The government of 
N. Hampshire is not at this day worth £100 sf" a year, 
and a shame to call it a govei'nment. You say, " ColP 
Bladen is a fast advocate for Dunbar," and your uncle 
sayes, " Depend upon it, ColP Bladen is so attacht to IJ^ 
Gov"" Dunbar that he wou'd do thee all the injury in his 
power." How then cou'd your uncle submit any thing 
to his decision ? I take the hearing had before the three 
Lords of Trade to be no more than if it had been person- 
ally before Dunbar himself, and this I make out from 
your uncle's sentiments abovementioned. How cou'd he 
then make any concessions? no, he shou'd have appealed 
to the King in Council, let the event have been what it 
wou'd. I had much rather be governed by the King's 
sign manual and royal signet than by Dunbar, or those 
that for some reasons or other are oblig'd to espouse him. 
Sir Walter Kawleigh (the night before he was beheaded) 

said : 

Cowards fear to dye, but courage stout 
Eather than live in snuff will be put out. 

And it was a saying of one of the Roman Emperours, Decet 
imperatore stanie mori. So I say, if the King will have it so, 
let me have his sign manual and royal signet, and every 
body must obey ; but I am really for carrying things to 
the highest power, where perhaps we may find justice, if 
not favour. But if every thing must have a final issue 
before ColP Bladen (or Dunbar) there's an end of my 
governm*. I say, I had rather be at a greater charge, and 
sue for justice before their superiours. I am therefore 
determined to apply myself directly to S'" R. W. T the 
next ship ; nor can your uncle, nor can you, concieve the 
disgrace & dishonour I suffer by the ace"' Dunbar has 


publish'd from Thomlinson's letters about the hearing be- 
fore ColP Bladen. I had indeed rather have spent 100 
gnn^ to have had a hearing before the King in Council. 

I will by the next conveyance furnish you & your 
uncle with matter sufficient against the wretche's having 
any part of my salary. In the mean time you'll com- 
municate this whole letter to your uncle, to whom I shall 
not be so particular, and 1 remain 

Yours, in the most paternal affection. J. B. 

Boston, Augst 7, 1734. 

Let me have an answer if possible before the winter 

sets in. 

'P Gary. Ramsey. 


Sir, — My last was 12 of July T Wimple, since which 
I am returned from a short trip made in the Scarboro 
man-of-war to view the eastern parts of this Province, and 
am now to own your kind letters of 27 & 9 May T Eussell. 
I have this day wrote your nephew a very long letter, 
which he will communicate to you & may serve to shorten 

I take a particular notice of everything you write, and 
thank your care about the stockins & seal, and for the 
supply of money you made to Jonathan to defrey the 
charges at Cambridge & of his coming to the bar. I hope 
in a little time to be sending you some bills of exch^ 
Altho' Jonathan is got to the bar, which may be an ad- 
vantage in the pursuit of his studies, yet I still think it 
best that he shou'd enter into little or no business for two 
years to come, and when it may be judg'd proper for 
him to have his head & hands full of business your 
recoinending him to such sollicitors, attorneys, and others 


as you are acquainted with will be a further instance of 
your love & affection to him. He will tell you all I have 
to say about the Tamworth affair, in whicli M^" Crossland 
has acted with great prudence, integrity, and honour, and 
I wish your nephew may finally succeed in his election 
there. I am surpriz'd he shou'd be so imprudent as to 
consent to having my picture cut on a copper plate, which 
will give great occasion of banter & ridicule among my 
enemies, and I have given him possitive order to de- 
stroy the plate, and to burn all the impressions from 
it. Cradock is arriv'd at N. York in the man-of-war. 
How do you think I can be in tolerable terms with such 
a creature ? He has already made his compliments to 
Dunbar in a letter from York. 

As ColP Bladen made no report to the House of Com- 
mons of the letter from the late House of Represent^^ 
here, I suppose that matter is over, as not lying with any 
propriety before this new Parliam^ 

I observe you had an attorney before the Board of 
Trade 29 of May on two memorials from Cap* Thomlin- 
son, one in behalf of Wentworth's & Atkinson's man- 
damus^, the other in behalf of L" Gov"" Dunbar that he 
might come in for a share of my salary at N. Hampshire ; 
and that you had undertaken I shou'd admit the two per- 
sons abovementioned into the Council. This I offer'd 
them the last time I was at N. Hampshire, and according 
to your engagment I shall make them the offer again, 
at my going thither the next moneth. But if they 
shou'd again refuse, I shall not admit them just when they 
please. I was in hopes you wou'd have been able with 
the papers I sent to have so justify' d my conduct as that 
those persons might never have been admitted, but I find 
I must submit to it, and will, as I have said, make them 
the offer as soon as I get into the Province. 

I am in the next place, brother, to make answer to 
what you say on Tliomlinson's memorial about my de- 


taining one half of the salary from L**^ Gov"" Dunbar, which 
he claims as his due. I am really prodigiously surpriz'd 
that you shou'd give way in the least measure to my 
parting with one penny of my support ; nor is it possible 
for him to make any colour of claim to it. I shall be ex- 
pecting, according to ColP Bladen's proposal, a copy of 
Thomhnson's memorial on this head ; and I think I shall 
be able to make so reasonable & satisfactory an answer 
to it as will put an end to any further pretences of this 
nature. The governm* of N. Hampshire is thus, — 

The salary settled on me £600 a year. 

My two yearly journeys cost 200 

Leaves 400 
And if I must allow Dunbar the 

half of my salary, that's 300 

So I must have only £100 a y''. 

as the King's Gov'" of N. Hampshire ; and he who is only 
L" Gov'* wou'd have the half of the 
Gov^'^ salary £300 

The comand of the fort, registers, 

marriages certificates, passes to 

the fort, and all other perquisites 

wou'd be 200 

£500 a year 
Can any of the Lords of Trade (even ColP Bladen, his 
patron) think this wou'd be consistent with justice & 

You are mistaken about Wentworth. I never allowed 
him one farthing of my salary, nor did he desire it. I 
allow'd Wentworth the same perquisites I do ColP Dun- 
bar, and which are really mine by my comission & instruc- 
tions. I observe there were present at the Board only 
ColP Bladen, M"" Docminique, & Pelham, and that the 
former manag'd the debate on the memorials. You say, 
'' Depend upon it, ColP Bladen is so attacht to L" Gov'" 



Danbar that he wou'd do thee all the injury in his 
power." This you seem to be very positive in (and I 
fully believe itj. You must then certainly agree with 
me that the hearing you had was much the same as if it 
had been before Dunbar himself. How then cou'd you 
think of the matters issuing so? No, I wou'd alwayes 
appeal to the King in Council, and recieve my orders 
from the fountain of power ; and from gent"' of so superiour 
a quality, justice & honour may be expected, and I have 
known many instances of things' going quite contrary at 
the Privy Council to what they wou'd have done at the 
Board of Trade. Had they known when I sollicited to 
their superiours for the govern""* they (say Bl — d — n) 
wou'd have done all in his power to have hindred it. I 
say I had rather on all occasions have recourse to the 
King in Council than have any thing of mine decided 
before the Board of Trade, and when they don't find 
things go just as they wou'd have 'em they will act with 
more caution and justice. I have stated the profits of N. 
Hampshire as exactly & justly as I can ; and as Coll*^ 
Bladen W'Ou'd have me do, I shou'd not reap from that 
government £25 st'' a year. I can by no means think of 
coming into such measures, but must pray you to make 
the best defence for me before the King in Council, let 
the event be wdiat it will ; and by the next ship you shall 
have every thing respecting the settlement of the salary 
on me to strengthen you in this matter. I must in the 
next place acquaint you that Dunbar reports AT Belcher 
has been forbidden to appear before the Board of Trade, 
and that you had been severely reprimanded by Lord 
Westmorland. This report, with the concessions you 
made at the Board of Trade, make a great noise here to 
yours and my dishonour, discourages my friends & heart- 
ens up my enemies. However, I cannot believe they are 
true, for as my son is jointly my agent wath you, how is 
it possible for him to be debarr'd appearing for me at the 


piiblick offices? It wou'd be so cruel an injustice as I 
think cannot be practis'd, if he shows the coinission I sent 
him ; and shou'd the Board of Trade browbeat him, or act 
as I have said, I wou'd have you both complain to the 
King in Council, where you will be heard & have justice 
done you. I pray your particular answer about this mat- 
ter, and to tell me whether there be any truth in these 
reports, and for the future I desire you to let me know 
the particulars of what passes when you or your nephew 
appear at the public offices that I may know the truth & 
be able to tell it. 

Whatever Jonathan may do about Tamworth, it will 
be best to keep things as close & secret as possible 'till 
the matter is fully over. I must intreat you to leave no 
stone unturn'd to obtain & send me the leave for my sup- 
port before winter ; and when our fall ships are all come 
away I hope you will write me in the winter season by 
S° Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Philad% York, & Lix% or 
any other ways that you may think probable for letters 
to get to me before the arrival of our spring ships. A 
letter from London in the winter may be of great service. 
Pray, remember it, & act with your usual diligence. 

I forgot to mention to Jonathan that one M'' Baxter, an 
Irish lawyer, came hither the last fall from BBs, where 
he made his fortune by marrying a rich widow. He 
came by way of PhiP & N. York & contracted a strict 
acquaintance with Gov"" Cosby, & at N. Hampshire with 
ColP Dunbar (his countrj^men). He was several times at 
my house, and I look on him a gent"" of sense & cunning, 
and I believe is firmly in Dunbar's interest. He sailed 
from Philad* to London about six weeks ago. It will be 
best to enquire him out, and to have an eye upon him ; 
for I have reason to think he wou'd not scruple hurting 
of me to serve Dunbar. 

When it may be absolutely necessary I wou'd have 
Jonathan appear & assist; otherwise I w^ou'd have you 


spare him as much as you can, that he may not be inter- 
rupted in his studies. I am told iVP Dumer writes Dun- 
bar, if he will come over he may with ease obtain the 
government of Massachusetts & N. Hampshire, but if it 
shou'd be war he may have 'em without coming. So I 
stand a hard chance after all my just & honest endeavours 
to serve my King & my country, & no complaint made of 
my administration. If there shou'd be any such design 
as Dummer speaks of, I hope you will stir up a good num- 
ber of my friends & of your own to appear in my behalf, 
and you must be vigilant that nothing be done so secretly 
as to be over before you have the knowledge of it, as was 
the case of B. Pemberton's getting from me the Naval 


As any thing new occurs, I shall be adding, & remain 
with my best respects, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, Augs* 7, 1734. 

Inclos'd is bill of lading for one large & for one small 
birch canno, & for a small box with a seal. The latter is 
for your nephew. The cannos to be presented as you & 
he may judge best. What if you shou'd present it to 
S"" Kobert for his canal at Houghton gardens ? 

(Cary. Ramsey.) 


May IT PLEASE YOUR Lordships, — Since I had the 
honour of writing you last I am returned from a small 
trip I have made in the Scarboro man-of-war, to view the 
eastern coasts & lands of this Province as far as S* Croix 
or Passamaquoddy, where we lay at anchor three days & 
made signals by firing & went on shore, but discovered no 

* See G Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. pp 37G, 377. — Eds. 

1734.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 109 

inhabi*'. Passamaquoddy is a large bay, has in it a great 
number of islands & harbours, with plenty of codfish ; 
but as the sea flows & ebbs there to a great degree, it is 
but indifferent riding for ships near the inlet or entrance. 
From Passamaquoddy we proceeded homewards & anchor'd 
48 hours in Machias Bay, about 10 leagues to the west- 
ward, which is also full of islands & fine harbours, but 
scarce of fish. We went ashore, but found no inhab- 
itants. From thence w^e went into Pemaquid, about 40 
leagues still westward, where I viewed Frederick's Fort, 
and two small rivers there, one called Pemaquid, the 
other John's River, and then I went into two fine large 
rivers, one called Damarascotty, the other Sheepscott. 
The wall of the fort at Pemaquid is nothing but dry stone 
piled one upon another, and a great part of it already 
tumbled down. The lands from Pemaquid to Kennebec 
River are very good, and from the east side of Kennebec 
to S* Croix wou'd make a fine province of itself, being 
about 180 miles borderino; on the sea. 

All the forts on the frontiers of this Province are in a 
decaying, defenceless condition, and in order to come at 
a proper knowledge of the nature & situation of the 
Province it is necessary to have a good survey & a map 
made of the w^hole Province ; and this I very early rec- 
ommended to the Assembly, as I have very often a good 
repair (or rebuilding) of the fortifications. But they 
seem to be perfectly indolent, and in a fatal lethargy 
with respect to these things ; nor do I expect they will 
do any thing for strengthning the frontiers, imless w^e 
shou'd soon have the unhappy new^s of war. This is what 
I think is my duty, and for his Majesty's honour & 
service to advise your Lordships with respect to this 

My agents, M' Partridge & M' Belcher, write me, they 
had been before your Lordships to make answer to a 
complaint of one M' Thomlinson in behalf of Mess" 


AYentwortli & Atkinson on my not admitting them to be 
ot" his Majesty's Council at N. Hampshire, and that they 
had promist your Lordships it shou'd be done upon their 
writing. I was in hopes the reasons I had given your 
Lordships of my conduct on this head wou'd have been 
so satisfactory as that I shou'd have never reed any 
further directions for admitting those gent"". But since 
your Lordships have otherwise over-ruled that matter, I 
will give your Lordships no further trouble upon it, but 
shall offer to admit them upon my going into that Prov- 
ince the next month, as indeed I did when T last went 
thither. But if they shou'd still refuse to accept when 
1 offer it, I hope your Lordships will think it a peice of 
insolence in them not to be born, and that it will not 
be expected I shou'd admit them when (& just as) they 

My agents also write me that the said M'' Thomlinson 
had put in a memorial in behalf of my L** Gov'" at N. 
Hampshire, desiring a part of the salary that Assembly 
have settled on me, and that f the next ship I may ex- 
pect copy of that memorial. L:ideed, my Lords, I am 
surprized at the confidence of a gent™ to lay anything 
before your Lordships of this nature ; and were he not 
perfectly ignorant of the circumstances of this matter 
he wou'd never have done it, and when I am served 
with the aforementioned copy, I have no doubt of 
giving your Lordships intire satisfaction in this matter, 
and that such an attempt has been most unreasonable, 
and that the thing in itself cannot claim the face of 

I have the honour to be with great respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Augs' 9, 173-1. 

(Gary. Ramsey ) 



Son Jonathan, — With this comes my long letter of 
fjd ci^^^tt. Xhe more I think of it the more I am surpriz'd 
at your uncle's submitting in the least degree at the 
Board of Trade to Dunbar's having a part of my N. 
Hampshire salary. When I recieve copy of Thomlinson's 
memorial I think I shall be able to set the matter in so 
strong a light as that the Board of Trade will not be able 
to say one word in favour of the memorial. But indeed I 
look upon all at that Board manag'd wholly by Bl — d — n, 
and any thing that relates to me had even as good be re- 
ferr'd to D — b — r himself; so that neither your uncle nor 
you must be brow-beat or cow'd for the future, but if you 
cannot obtain justice there, you must alwayes have your 
derneir resort to their superiours, for they are but our 
fellow subjects, and the King will hear all his subjects 
when they supplicate him. I am told your uncle was 
severely reprimanded by L*^ W — stm — r — 1 — nd, and that 
you had been absolutely forbid to appear at the Board of 
Trade ; and these things make a great noise here to my 
dishonour, to your uncle's & yours. Pray let me know 
the truth of it, and alwayes for the future the worst of 
every thing, that I may know whether things reported are 
true or false, and conduct myself accordingly. Since you 
are my son, and have a commission to be my agent jointly 
with your uncle, I think it a gross absurdity, and a 
thing not possible, that ColP Bladen shou'd forbid your 
appearing for me. It wou'd be such a peice of tyranny 
on the rights of humane nature as no gent™ wou'd be 
guilty of. Nor are you ever to endure it, but to make 
your loud complaint to the King in Council. I am 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Augs* 10, 1734. 
(Gary. Ramsey ) 



My dear Sox, — Hapning to be from home 23 ult* 
(your birthday) I had not the opportunity of refreshing 
your memory with what I wrote you the last year on that 
head. So this comes out of course, and mdeed I have 
little more to say than that you wou'd now & then read 
over mine of the date abovemention'd, w^hich I hope you 
will never think to be out of season. 

You are now got to the bar and into a way of life full 
of snares, difficulties & temptations, and I hope you are 
able to appeal to Him whom you adore & say, I have liv'd 
in all good conscience to this day; and God of his infinite 
mercy grant you may so go on to the end of life. The 
reflection whereof will give you ineffable pleasure when 
your departing soul is hovering about & quitting its cor- 
ruptible clay. Your late uncle Oliver was an uncommon 
instance of Christianity & exact piety.*" I knew him in 
very middling circumstances, but he dyed in opulency, 
and that text was remarkably verifyed in him. Seek 
first the kingdom of God & his righteousness & all these 
things shall be added unto you. Pray remember this & 
keep yourself unspotted from the world. 

What sayes the great Judge Hales in his Meditations, 
vol. i. p* 214 : "A habit of religion towards God in His 
son Jesus Christ is the magnum oportet, the one thing 
necessary, and outweighing every thing else." And in 
particular I charge you never to lose your reverence for 
the sanctity of the Sabbath. The same authour says, page 
216, ''I am not apt to be superstitious, but this I have 
certainly & infallibly found true that by my deportment 
in my duty towards God, in the time devoted to His 

* Daniel Oliver, who married one of Governor Belcher's sisters, was born Feb. 28, lfiG4, 
and died July 23, 1732. He was the father of Lieut. -Gov. Andrew Oliver and of Chief 
Justice Peter Oliver. See Savage's Genealogical Dictionary. — Eds. 


service, especially on the Lord's days, I cou'd make a cer- 
tain conjecture of my success in my secular occasions the 
rest of the week ; if I was loose & negligent in the former 
the latter never succeeded well ; if strict & conscien- 
cious & watchfull in the former, I was successfull & pros- 
perous in the latter." Vertue (but especially religion or 
true piety) carries its own reward. That you may be al- 
wayes under the favourable direction of the Spirit of God, 
and be so preserved by His grace here, as that you may 
become eternally happy hereafter thro' the merits of Jesus 
Christ is & shall be the prayer of, dear Jonathan, 

Your very affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Augs* 14, 1734. 


Sir, — I have your favours of 16 & 19 psent, and am 
much oblig'd by the constant intelligence you hand me. 
Pray, was your quotation out of a letter of Sancho's, or 
whose ? It's not proper for me to speak to B — rl — nd, 
but if what you say cou'd be convey'd to him he'd soon 
do his duty. Has R — nd — ge paid his £100 ab* the 
Line ? You grossly mistake in imagining you was too 
free in yours of 12 cur", for I did & do take it as a re- 
peated instance of your probity & sincerity, and you will 
give me just cause of disgust if you don't go on to prac- 
ti[c]e with the same freedom & friendship, — I say, if you 
don't 1 will not forgive you. Since I have the knowledge 
of you I have the pleasure, & you the honour, of my 
saying your conduct has been of a peice, and if I troubl'd 
you I did it with a design to hear you say what I knew 
you wou'd say. But I am far from consigning you over 
to the Devil. The reason I gave my order to Sancho 
was as in my last. I have re'd over all you inclosed, 
and find M' Usher had £68 allow'd him for travelling 



expence for 11 years. Wentworth had grants of the As- 
sembly, and so they may make to Sancho, if they please. 
I do not altogether fall in with your sentiments of the 
records. Altho' Wentworth held Assemblies it does not 
appear but that it might be by the Gov''^ special leave 
and direction, and so as to the drafts on the Treasury ; 
and I return to you what you inclos'd to add on the two 
blank leaves the act for settling my salary, and let me 
have it again T return of the carrier, and I wou'd have 
your opinion once more whether best to send home the 
whole, or only what has been transacted with respect to 
me. Perhaps the latter may be sufficient to my purpose. 
Think of it, and if you so conclude return me that in 
sheets by itself, and tell me the story as particularly as 
you can how Burnet acted with Wentworth. I take it 
that he was oblig'd to bribe the Assembli/hy a prior promise 
of what he wou'd do for Wentworth before he cou'd get 
the thing done. 

I thank your advice about H — sk, but give myself no 
concern about what buzzes he may have in his ears. If 
he says any thing to me, I will be just & faithfull to him. 
His commission from ColP Spotswood is in totidem verbis 
with M'' Boydell's (the name of the person only excepted), 
nor can the Postmaster General give a fuller commission ; 
and it's in his breast to frank what letters & packets he 
pleases, without asking the leave of any of his deputies, 
and Boydill will be upon oath that the office was never 
worth <£100 a year to him. If Husk comes hither, and 
the Naval Office will sute you, you are welcome to it, and 
hereafter to any other good I can do you.* I wou'd 

* From this letter and others in the present vohime it appears that the statement in the 
WcMitworth Genealoa;y, that Huske's son, Ellis HusV;e, Jr., was the postmaster of Boston 
and first publisher of " The Boston Weekly Post-Boy," and which we followed in a note in 
the first part of the Belcher Papers (6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. p. 3). is incorrect. Hiiske, 
the father, was at the same time Naval Officer at Portsmouth, one of the Council of New 
Hampshire, Postmaster of Boston, and publisher of the "Post-Boy." From Belcher's let- 
ters it appears that Colonel Spotswood at first expected that Huske would live in Boston ; but 
apparently this condition was not enforced for any considerable length of time. In several of 


write more, but am this day going with an engineer to 
view the new works at Castle Will"", w^here I shall lodge, 
& return tomorrow. With my best regards to good 
Madam Waldron, I remain, Honob^® Sir, 

Your assured friend, J. B. 

Boston, Augs' 23, 1734. 


Sir, — I am wath yours of 30 ult', and have had a 
great deal of talk with H — sk, who will finally fix here, 
tho I am still of my first opinion (and have repeated it to 
him) that he'll repent it. The Naval Office will be at 
your service,* and Oh ! that you cou'd have the Collec- 
tor's place, I mean from home, with the salary. I have 
lately thought it not impracticable. The letter from 
Th — 1 — s — n about the Gov"" must be to R — ndge by the 
stile. Cr — d — c cou'd say nothing new. I inclose you 
the four last letters reed from Mons"" and what I intend 
for an answer. Read 'em all deliberately, and make out 
your own thoughts in answer, and send me. Perhaps I 
may have omitted something material ; but if I was to be 
particular my letter wou'd be too long. The stile of 
Sancho's last confirms the paragraph they discovered out 
of Rindge's, for you may plainly see all remains in the 
Gov'''' breast. If it was otherwise his Irish insolence 
wou'd blaze. Fail not to return me every thing I now 
send 1* the post. I am. Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Sepf 3, 1734. 

Belcher's letters he refers to Huske's deputy in Boston, and in a letter to Waldron dated June 
30, 1735, preserved in the library of the New Hampshire Historical Society, he complains of 
the " Irish puppy that tends his [Huske's] office." In September, 1740, he writes to Huske, 
" Your deputy here is often from home when the post gets in." See post^ p. 328. — Eds. 

* Notwithstanding this positive offer of the Naval Office to Waldron, Huske continued 
to hold it ; and as late as September, 1739, we find him making " a valuable seizure." 
Seei?osf, p. 203. —Eds. 


I fancy he wants money that rouses him afresh about 
the boards. Pray when must I come to N. Hampshire ? 
I wou'd avoid a winter journey. I shou'd think Ocf the 
best time. 



Sir, — I have now lying before me yours of May 24? 
June 17, 20, Augs' 29, & 2- ins*. The tenour of the first 
made me conclude it not only writ but indited by the 
scribe, being of a peice with his impudence when he was 
Deputy Collector (& constantly since).* I was asham'd 
you shou'd put your name to such a letter, and wou'd 
feign have imagin'd you knew more of the world, and 
had had more manners, and this was the reason I thought 
it not worth the notice I now take of it ; and your letters 
in general are really so rude & unmannerly as I really 
think beneath even so little a man as you are. And if 
you wou'd practice your duty you must alwayes consider 
the distance a Surveyor of the Woods & a L" Gov'' are at 
from the King's Gov"" & Cap* General, whom his Majesty 
under his royal hand & signet is pleas'd to call the repre- 
sent""^ of his royal person. Your denying any part of 
what is alledg'd & sworn to in the complaint gone home 
against you will doubtless have its consideration. I must 
confess had I took upon me the determination of those 
matters, your denying, and with the embellishment of 
your usual rhetoric, wou'd have had very little weight 
with me ; but since I left you to make your defence at 
liome, I think it to little purpose to enter into the par- 
ticulars of yours of 20 June. I wou'd only upon it repeat 
what I told you 2 or 3 years ago, that you must not 

* The reference is probably fo Theodore Atkinson, who had been Collector at Ports- 
mouth, and was removed to make way for Richard Wibird, shortly after Belcher's appoint- 
ment as Governor. See Belknap's History of New Hampshire, vol. li. p. 98. — Eds. 

1734.] TO DAVID DUNBAR. 117 

assume or presume to dictate to me. Yet whatever you 
ask in a dutifull, mannerly way for the King's service, I'll 
do it, if I judge it so. 

I am a stranger to what you mention 29 ult' as to the 
decision of any dispute you have had with me, tho' I have 
letters to 1 June, and in some of them the particulars of 
the hearing of 29^^ May last. Nor do I know what you 
mean by any promise made on my ace" ; but if you be- 
have as you ought, it may prevent further applications 
at home. You are mistaken if you fancy I desire to stop 
your sending home any orders or letters of mine. What 
I wrote you 2^ May I believe was gone homewards before 
it reacht you, and you have my ample indulgence of 
doing in that point as you please. If you can read your 
commission, surely you can't think it wrong to obey my 

I now return you the affidavits & other papers you sent 
me, which you say are originals ; so I suppose you don't 
mean they shou'd finally rest with me. If you have any 
thing to say against any particular person or persons in 
office, & send me a complaint drawn in form, with affi- 
davits to support your allegations, I will deal with such 
persons as I did by you on a formal complaint, that is, 
order them to be serv'd with copies, & to make answer, 
which may enable me to judge of the merits of the cause, 
and to do therein as to justice & reason may appertain. 
But I will put no person in or out of power purely to 
gratifye your humour, nor do I allow you to have any 
such power. The King in his commission to me for New 
Hampshire commands me to do & execute all things 
accord^ to such reasonable laws & statutes as are or may 
be in force in the said Province ; and agreeable thereto, I 
will do every thing for the preservation of the King's 
woods, but will by no means fall into any arbitrary, des- 
potic proceedings. No, the law shall be the rule of my 
government, as near as I can comprehend it, and then 


my administration will be in exact conformity to the 
King's commission. How cou'd you say, 20 June, And 
asM your advice ivhich you generously declined giving, when I 
gave it freely by telling you to do nothing but what you 
cou'd warrant by law ? I have told you more than once 
that I am no lawyer, and I now tell you it's best for every 
man in governm* to keep himself out of the lash of the 
law, which is the bridle for the outragious passions of 
silly men. 

I herewith send you my warrant to the justices, sheriffs, 
&c% for aiding & assisting you & your deputies about the 
boards you mention, and at all times for preventing any 
destruction of his Majesty's woods. 

I desire, Sir, that your letters may for the future be 
barely & concisely on the publick affairs, for if you have 
nothing else to do than to gratify your vanity by showing 
your talent in a rude way of writing I hope you will 
think such parts of your letters well answer'd by the silent- 
neglect and contempt of, Sir, 

Your Plonour's humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Septr 9, 1734. 

I had wrote you sooner, but that I have been for near 
ten days under the distemper coinon here. 



Cap'' Franklyn, — You being bound up the Mediter- 
ranean, if you have a convenient opportunity I desire 
you to buy me as much three pile black velvet (such 
as is made for men's wear, and the best can be had for 
money) as will make me a compleat suit, the buttons & 
holes to be of the same wuth the cloaths, and the lining of 
best double shagrine, of a deep gold colour ; if that not 
to be had some other good lining silk of that colour. I 


herewith deliver you my measure that the cloaths may be 
made up, and rather too big than too little. I desire you 
also to buy me a night gown of the best Genoa damask 
that is made for men's wear. Let the gown be every 
way large enough for you, and it will fit me. The colour 
of the outside & lining must be a deep crimson, and I 
wou'd have to spare a yard of the velvet & two yards of 
the damask, and leave it to your prudence to carry these 
things to London & so hither, or to send them directly 
from the Straits, if a good opportunity presents ; and as 
to the cost of them I shou'd be glad to pay it here, with 
such an advance as you may please to order. And if you 
cou'd bring or send me 8 or 10 young almond trees and 
as many Pisa nectrins it wou'd much oblige me, & any- 
thing else curious for a garden. The trees must be grafts 
(not natural stocks) & very young, not thicker than your 
thumb. They must be carefully taken up (roots & all) 
and as carefully transplanted into a good box of their 
natural earth, and not suffer'd to be sprinkled with salt 
water, but duly serv'd with fresh water, and I say the 
younger they are the more likely to live. 

You will forgive this trouble, & oblige me by letting 
me know how I may at any time serve you. I wish you 
a pleasant & successfull voyage, and am, Sir, 

Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Sept-- 11, 1734. 
Deliv<^ himself. 


HoNO^''^ Sir, — This post brings me your favour of 13 
psent. In your next give your opinion of the warrant 
sent to Sancho, whether it is n't cautious enough, and 
yet not to be carpt at? I have no answer from him 
this post. No, a council must first be held at Pandoe- 
monium. The calling of an Assembly & keeping him in 

120 . THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734. 

profound ignorance will be in addition to my letter as 
warm water after a dose to a patient that makes him 
puke heartily. I really believe old H. is as honest as 
G — bl — nor. How can the last be a wise man, & a man 
of courage, and yet be in terms with a villain that has 
alwayes been writing to me, to the Judge, & home, against 
him, and I believe at this moment hates him as he does 
anything that's good, & wishes Mad"" ' dangler ^ in his 

I observe all you say about J — th — m,t and inclose 
you my answer to him, which, if you approve, seal & send 
forward. I have ingag'd Gerrish (& so must you) not to 
lisp to any one that you gave him the letter, but if you 
don't like it, return it, & I'll write him next post. Grey 
must live at Portsmouth. I really pitty poor H — sk, who 
I am sure will heartily repent when too late. 

I choose to go by way of Haverhill, unless you have 
any reason to the contrary. My present thoughts are to 
dine at Andover & lodge at Haverhill Fryday, the 4 of 
next month. As I have not seen Kingston, Exeter, or 
Streatham, I will make my route that way, and let Don 
make the most of it, and your thought is well of having 
a grand appearance. Who knows but that & passing 
thro' those towns may give some turn to the elections ? 
I wou'd, to be sure, have a full troop to meet me, and you 
must concert every thing with old H, lest he be sower'd. 
Shall I see you at Haverhill ? or will it be best not ? Act 
your own judgment. I am alwayes. Sir, 

Your friend. J. B. 

Boston, Sepf 16, 1734. 

I can't help adding that old Toper is shrunk into a 
mushroom, and dyes over & over every day, both in the 

* Theodore Atkinson. — Eds. 

t Jotham Odiorne, one of the Council for New Hampshire. Belclier wrote that he did 
not doubt that " the conduct of j-ou & your friends in the approaching election & session 
will be such as to secure from me any service I can do you or your family." — Eds. 


town & in the Assembly, and cou'dn't carry the least 
point in a little 4 days session I held last week. 



My dear Son, — My last was a few lines of 23 iilt' f^ 
Green. I am now with much satisfaction to own your 
very dutifull & informing letters of July 23, 24 & Aug^* 
5 T Homans & Crocker. Those to your mother & M'"' 
Rand have been duly deliver'd, and so shall the buckle 
when it comes to hand. 

I am sorry, I say I am sorry, for what is done about 
my picture, but there is now no help for it, and all I can 
say is cave infuturum. Be very delicate of doing any thing 
relating to your father that is showy and can be of no 
service. However I rather charge this wrong step on my 
very good friend M'' Newman than on you, and I forgive 
him because I know he thought it might be an honour to 
the Gov'', but you must all set it down as a wrong step. 

I am well content with T. Wood, tho he is not without 
his faults, having been fuddled more than once, and I'm 
afraid that's his foible. If he behaves well I will endea- 
vour to serve him, as he grows out of his time. 

Show all proper respect to Cap* Tyng. Cr — d — c is a 
vile fellow. I thank your care in returning my bond, 
since it cou'd not be us'd. I admire your uncle cou'd be 
so weak as to lend that villain D— b — r* 20 guineas, and 
then to be fob'd off with a reciept not worth six pence. 
I have this day sent it to M' Philips of New York to see 
what he can do with it. There's no reason it shou'd be 
charg'd to me ; but this you need not mention. 

By M' Holden, Wilks, or Williams you'll learn when 
there is a vacancy in the Hon^^^ Corporation, where I wou'd 

* Jeriy Dunbar, brother of the Lieutenant-Governor of New Hampshire. — Eds. 



feign have you be. I am well pleas'd with your lodging 
at little Chelsea for the vacation. 

You must not fail to make answer to Judge Auchmuty, 
to M"" Advocate Shirley, and to D'' Colman, and in the 
strongest, politest manner. 

I am perfectly quiet in your accounts of expence, and 
shall be expecting the last year's by the first ship after 
28 of Aug^^ 

1 was sure you'd be pleas'd with the acquaintance of 
M"^ Van Reck. 

Weigh well what your brother wrote about your attend- 
ance at the publick worship on the Lord's day. I assure 
3^ou your brother is constantly giving proofs to me and 
to your mother of his great affection for you ; and the 
sweet singer of Israel says, It is good for brethren to dwell 
together in unity. 

I see you have reed from Chelsea Hospital for John 
Whitfield £6. 19. 6 sf, for which I shall account with him 
here, and note to him what the Coiiiiss'"' of the College 
expect for the future, in order to his having his pension. 

I now go on to the more material parts of your letter, 
and have nothing against your entring into the hono^^^ 
state of marriage at the properest time of life, but shall, if 
I live to the day, strongly urge you to it. It is really a 
grave serious affair ; look back upon my several letters 
on this head, for I hardly know what new to add. When 
you think of it, your own honour shou'd lead you, if you 
love a lady, not to bring yourself & her into difficult cir- 
cumstances ; and 'till you have laid in a good found* of 
knowledge in your profession, a wife & famil}^ wou'd rob 
you of the golden opportunity you now have to do it. I 
am told Miss Belcher ^ is an agreeable young lady, and I 
am greatly oblig'd to the wdiole family for their civilities 
to you which I have lately own'd, and M"* Belcher is that 
letter in my debt. If he wou'd pay £3000 down, and 

* Only daughter of John Belcher, of Paul's Yard, London. See ante, p. 72. — Eds. 


well secure the rest of his estate to you after his demise 
that wou'd be very handsome, and is she not nearly re- 
lated to M""' West, so as to have some expectation from 
her? — then a few years hence it might be a tolerable 
match, but yet with patience & industry you might in 
time do better. When the late Earl of Nottingham was 
M'" Finch he made court to a lady (with whom he had 
■£40,000). The father askt him what his fortune was, he 
answer'd he valued his bar gown at £20,000. Lord Bar- 
rington marry' d a lady that first and last brought him 
£50,000. I know Gov'' Holden has a vast interest with 
the present Ministry, and I have now a kind letter from 
him ^ Crocker, which I shall answer in a little time, and 
shall put you in a way to be well in his good graces, and 
if a match cou'd be brought about there I shou'd think 
it a fine step towards your advancement in the world, 
and if you get into Parliament, that will still facilitate 
it. Yet after all you must remember your father has 
alwayes said, and does now again, that money (tho' a 
necessary ingred* in matrimony) is the last feature to be 
lookt at in a lady's face ; nor wou'd I by any means lead 
you to sacrifice the happiness of a marry'd life by making 
money your first & principal thought ; no, if you become 
eminent in the law, so as to make a handsome living, you 
may in due time go to Paul's Yard, or as you please. You 
see I mix my thots, and skip forwards and backwards, yet 
I beUeve you'll be able to pick out my meaning as to 
this grand affair ; that is, to allow yourself time, not to 
be too hasty, or go into the afiair too young, but at the 
age of a solid man. Thus I leave it, and shall be glad 
of your thoughts upon mine. 

Pray, use yourself to as much bodily exercise as your 
studies will allow. 

I observe the petition you have lodg'd for obtaining 
leave for taking my support, and that L"^ Wilmington 
had promist you his kind offices, in which he is very 


good. Your uncle k you must urge it forward all you 
possibly can. It's hard, very hard, to live a whole year 
about without any support, of which cruelty I am the only 
instance of all the King's Gov", and yet I'll be bold to 
say his Majesty has not a more faithfull & loyal one in 
all his dominions. I am pleas'd that you fall in with the 
sentiments of the two councellors not to precipitate your- 
self into much business, but to wait a year or two. Be 
afraid of avocations by the pleasures of the place you 
live in. Stick hard & fast to your studies, which with 
the blessing of Almighty God will make you a man. I 
will take all possible care for your support, nor wou'd I 
have you refuse the business proper for one of your 

To stimulate your ambition I must tell you the story 
of M" Tho' Dudley, the eldest son & the flower of Gov'^ 
Dudley's family. One day while he was taking notes at 
the bar in Westminster Hall, the Lord Chief Justice call'd 
up for his notes, and when he had seen 'em, he said, Go 
on, young gen*, as you have begun, and you'll soon be in 
my place. Diligence is a wonderfull thing. The diligent 
soul shall be made fat. The diligent hand tendeth to 
plenteousness. The diligent hand shall bear rule, and the 
diligent man shall stand before kings, and yet there must 
be proper seasons of recreation. Interpone tuis interdiim 
gaiidia ciiris. 

Sometime the next month I shall send you a number 
of recommendatory letters to promote you in such business 
as may be proper for a young barrister. I have wrote such 
volumns on the affair of Tamworth that I can add nothing 
but what wou'd be a repetition. The qualification must 
come out of the conveyance I have sent you, or there can 
be no further thot of the matter, and I hope M'' Bellamy, 
Marshal, or some other friend will assist something in fur- 
nishing you w^ith some money 'till I can get bills home, 
which shall be my constant care, and I now send your 


uncle two bonds of £250 a p', leaving the names blank 
to whom to be paid, and to be us'd as he may think proper, 
and if of no service to be return'd me. 

Your uncle Stoddard & cons'" Oliver will by these ships 
remit your uncle Partridge upwards £200 sf" to be laid 
out at Tamworth, and. I shall be industrious in getting 
more orders as fast as I can. Let me know the upshot of 
this matter by getting your uncle to write every round 
about way he can think of in the winter, for a letter then 
is as cold water to a thirsty soul. I admire the Bishop of 
Lincoln shou'd put you upon disgusting the Ministry, con- 
sidering your father's situation, but you judg'd wisely. I 
think you voted for M"" Townshend & M"" Finch ; pray 
who was the Bishop's friend he was so fond of? Nourish 
every opportunity of acquaintance with the family of my 
noble patron (Lord Townshend) as an instance of your 
father's gratitude ; and if Lord Townshend don't come to 
Court or Parliament this winter, I wish you cou'd make 
an excursion to Eaynham for a week or 10 days, to pay 
part of the great duty I owe. 

The Ministers' Address dropt from D"" Colman's pen, 
and I agree with you it's well digested, and in an easy, 
free stile. 

The Bishop of Lincoln seems in his letter to have a 
kindness for you. I shall soon answer it, and send you a 
copy of his letter. 

Altho' D — b — r is a lump of malice & perfidy & every 
thing else that's vile, yet, as you say, he must be watcht. 

Keep up your correspondence with M'' Belcher of Dub- 
lin ; it may some time or other be to your advantage. 

I am glad you are entring upon your Common Place ; 
after being three years at the Temple, I think, M"" Shir- 
ley sayes, is the time for it, according to Lord Coke & 
Judge Hales. 

Inclosed is M"" Auchmuty & Eeed's answer to what 
you think a weakness in the case I have sent home, and 


Avish this may reach you before any decision be made. 
One of the notes I gave Caswall is actually paid since his 
death, and M"" Waldo has orders to recieve the other of 
me here, and I have told him he may have the money 
when he pleases to call ; that it wou'd be very hard for 
me to lose a confirmation of the judgment on the nicety 
you mention. I doubt not but you'll take all possible 
care of your father's interest, for it's a large sum. Gain 
Avhat time you can for my answer to any difficulty may 
arise. Thus I have answer'd your letters, and even the 
longest of 'em pleases me so well that I still wish it longer. 
I intend to write you another letter tomorrow, purely 
respecting Dunbar's presuming to beg my bread out of 
my mouth, and you must oppose any thing that looks to- 
wards it manikis pedihiisq. Your uncle & perhaps M'' Wilks 
may assist. 

I remain with an indelible, paternal affection, my dear 

Yours. J. B. 

Boston, Ocf^ 1, 1734. 

I have wrote M'' Popple a number of friendly letters, 
for a year or two past, but have no answer. I know 
D — b — r writes him constantly, & perhaps that's the 
reason. Pray, sound him & learn how he stands to your 
father, and tell him I'm afraid many of my letters have 
miscarry' d. 

The two bonds mention'd must go lp next ship. 

You have also M'' Shirley's opinion, k y^ brethr"" all 
think y^ affair won't turn upon the matter of a quia timet, 
because the first judgm* was absolute & shut up to all 
intents & purposes. 

(Via Bristol, Rous. Crocker to Lond'i.) 

1734.] TO THE LOBDS OF TRADE. 127 


May it please your Lordships, — Since I had the 
honour of writing your Lordships the 9 of Aug'* past, 
T am honour'd with your Lordships' of 12 June, covering 
two memorials from Cap*' Tomhnson, one in behalf of 
L" Gov^ Dunbar, the other in behalf of M'' Atkinson & M^ 
Wentworth. I am much oblig'd to your Lordships for 
the justice you have done me in serving me with copies 
to make answer, and I hope your Lordships will patiently 
hear my vindication on the memorials. I can hardly 
suppose M"" Thomlinson wou'd be so officious as to appear 
for those gent™ without proper credentials produc'd to 
your Lordships, as letters of order, or other proper powers 
for his appearance, or any thing he said cou'd not have 
the weight he might expect. 1 think I shall plainly show 
to your Lordships that he was not well & wisely in- 
structed (if he had any power at all) by those gent"", or 
he cou'd never have presum'd to have laid before your 
Lordships such absurdities (to give them the softest 
epithets) as they themselves wou'd have been asham'd 
to have put their names to. It is very extraordinary 
for M'" Thomlinson to say, '^ It was fully made to appear 
to your Lordships that the s*^ M"" Atkinson was not only 
a fit person to be of his Majesty's Council, but the most 
fit & proper person in that Province." This wou'd have 
been high arrogance for the man himself to have said, 
and I think great folly in the man that did say it ; nor 
can I believe it to be truth that it was fully made to 
appear to your Lordships that he was such an extraor- 
dinary person. For I am sure he is one of the greatest 
enemies to his King & to his country, — I mean in imbar- 
assing & impeding the best good & interest of N. Hamp 
by preventing all he possibly can the supply of the 
publick Treasury, and thereby keeping the Province 


constantly naked & defenceless, and every person to 
whom the Province is indebted out of their just due. 
Your Lordships had in the time of it from me an exact 
ace" of every step I took respecting the royal mandamus^ 
for M"" Atkinson & M'" Wentworth, and that upon hearing 
such orders were come directed to me, & being detain'd, 
I was oblig'd to have the matter inserted in the publick 
prints, and that produc'd M'" Peirce's, which came in the 
same ship, and upon his sending it to me I immediately 
return'd it, & order'd him to be sworn, and so might the 
other gent"" have done, without taking a journey of 70 
miles, as M*" Thomlinson wou'd insinuate. As to my 
refusing to swear them when I did go, I long since told 
your Lordships that T refus'd it because of their rudeness 
and insolence in not writing to me or sending to me their 
mandamuss, nor coming to me 'till I had been several 
weeks in the Province, and they had done all the mis- 
chief they cou'd in the Assembly as members of the 
House of Repr, and when I went last winter to N. Hamp- 
shire I sent for Mess" Atkinson & Wentworth & offer d 
them their oaths, which they refus'd to take, pretending 
they cou'd not serve in the Council because they belong'd 
to the Repr House & must serve for that session, tho' 
nothing, my Lords, is more connnon in the Massachusetts 
on the day of electing his Majesty's Council than to 
choose a member out of the House of Repr, who think it 
an honour to be so advanced, and to compare little things 
with great what is more frequent than to call gent" out 
of the House of Commons of Great Britain up to the 
House of Peers ; and what follows ? Writs must be made 
out for new burgesses to fill up their places ; and this 
must have been the case here. Again, my Lords, what 
a vile insinuation is it, that my treatment of those men 
was from a prejudice I had concieved at them for their 
being friends to the late Gov"" Burnet, when it has ap- 
pear d to all the world what pains I have taken with the 

1734.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 129 

Assembly of this Province to do justice to the family 
of that deed gen*, and finally obtain'd for them £3000 ; 
and this I got thorro by being indefatigable with the 
Assembly, and with many of the members without doors. 
As to their being friends to ColP Dunbar, 1 think he 
shou'd be asham'd to own them, while they are con- 
stantly opposing every thing that is for the King's ser- 
vice, or for the good of his people. But the true reason 
of the difficulty they have met with as to their mandamuss 
is what I have once & again represented to your Lord- 
ships, viz., their constant ill manners and impudence to 
the King's Gov'' & their obstructing all the publick affairs, 
that I cou'd not think it consistent with his Majesty's 
honour to admit them 'till I had represented these mat- 
ters home ; and since your Lordships upon reading & 
considering these things still insist they shou'd be ad- 
mitted, I shall accordingly offer them their oaths upon 
my going to New Hampshire next week, and in case they 
shou'd play the game they did last year & trifle with the 
honour the King has done them, I hope your Lordships 
will justify me in refusing them. 

I come now, my Lords, to the other memorial respecting 
L" Gov'' Dunbar, which is really more surprizing to me 
than the former. I wish M'' Thomlinson, or those that 
drew the memorial for him (which, I am told, was done 
at N. Hampshire & sent him), had been so fair as to have 
recited the whole of my 36 instruction, which being com- 
pared with the clause of my comission, I think wou'd 
have made it plain that his Majesty never intended that 
I was absent from New Hampshire when I was in the 
Massach"', and with great deference to your Lordships, 
the words I insist upon in the instruction are, — " That 
when it shall happen that you shall be absent from our 
gd Provinces of the Massachusetts Bay and New Hamp- 
shire." And again, — '^ During the time of your absence 
from our said Provinces.''^ And again, — '^ As if you were 



then actually residing within our Provinces of the Massa- 
chusetts and JVciv Hampshire or either of theinr By those 
words, my Lords, it seems plain, and by the whole tenour 
of that instruction (which lyes with your Lordships), that 
it was only to make provision for a L" Gov"" to exercise 
his powers & to recieve a part of the Gov'''' salary & per- 
quisites when I shou'd be at any time absent from both 
Provinces, unless it was when I shou'd think it necessary 
to go into the Colony of Eh*^ Island, or that 1 shou'd be 
order'd to repair to any other of the King's governments 
for his Majesty's particular service, so that when I am at 
the Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rh"^ Island, or any of 
the King's governments in America, the King is pleas'd 
not to call it an absence from N. Hampshire ; nor is the 
L" Gov'' in such case intitled to any part of my salary, 
perquisites, or emoluments arising due to me at New 
Hampshire. I think, with great submission, my Lords, 
this is the plain & genuine sense of the King's royal 
instruction to me, and what I think y'" Lordships will 
agree with me, upon reading the whole instruction thorro 
& deliberating thereon. Were I, indeed, to come for 
Europe then the L" Gov'' might reap some advantage 
from that instruction. Whoever has been Gov'' of the 
Massachusetts & N. Hampshire have alwayes resided in 
the Massachusetts, as 1/ Bellomont, M" Dudley, Shute, 
& Burnet. Nor have their L" Gov'"' presum'd to dispute 
power or profits with them, except M'" Yaughan, I/* Gov'' 
to M" Shute, who was superseded for interfering with the 
Gov'"'" powers. When I arriv'd M'' Wentworth was L'* 
Gov'", with whom I was very easy, he alwayes taking his 
orders & directions from me in all matters of govern- 
ment. Notwithstanding my commission and instructions 
give me all the perquisites & emoluments of N. Hamp- 
shire, yet I gave them to M"" Wentworth, and so I do 
now to M" Dunbar. Yet he cannot be easy, but wou'd 
feign snatch the bread out of my mouth. As to all | 

1734.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 131 

matters of governm*, can it be supposed, mj Lords, that 
the King made me Gov'' of N. Hampshire only for about 
2 months in a year of my residing there, when I am but 
66 miles from the capital of N. Hampshire, and a post 
passing twice a week, by which a L" Gov'' may constantly 
write & recieve orders from the King's Gov'' & Cap* Gen^^ ? 
and he now enjoys as much power as his predecessors 
have done heretofore under mine, and the perquisites he 
recieves by my favour are the same M"" Wentworth en- 
joy'd under me, and which he told me amounted to 
upwards £200 a year, so that M"" Thomlinson (or the 
drawer of the memorial) must have endeavor'd to impose 
upon your Lordships by inserting the following para- 
graph, which is a gross mistake, viz*, " Deprives him of 
all power & authority, salary, perquisites, & emoluments 
whatsoever.'' As to his power as Surveyor of the Woods, 
he enjoys it fully, & as often as he apply s to me has all 
my power to assist him in the lawfuU execution of his 
duty ; and really, my Lords, if he cou'd think right, he 
wou'd think himself happy that he has somebody to 
govern him and prevent the wild steerage he wou'd 
make to the great dishonour of the King's coinission. 

And I wou'd now, my Lords, return particularly to the 
affair of my salary, and admire M'' Dunbar, or any body 
for him, shou'd imagine he had the least shadow of reason 
to make a claim to an iota of it. I have desir'd M'' 
Wilks, M'' Partridge, & M'' Belcher to wait on your Lord- 
ships with all the papers respecting the settlement of it 
upon me by the Assembly of N. Hampshire four years 
agoe, by which your Lordships will see that it is done 
absolutely on me, in obedience to the King's instruc- 
tion, and that M'' Wentw^orth (the then L" Gov") be- 
fore the bill past into a law, in a solemn message to the 
Assembly renounc'd under his hand all claim to any part 
of it ; and in a message I made to them at same time, I 
declar'd I wou'd allow no part of my support to any 


other officer in the government, and nothing can be 
plainer by the King's 36 instruction to me than that the 
L" Gov'" was to come in for no share of my salary, or of 
the perquisites of the government of N. Hampshire, while 
I was in any of his Majesty's governments in America. 
Indeed, M"" Burnet, my late predecessor, found his L" 
Gov"", M" Wentworth, had so strong a party in the Assem- 
bly, that he was oblig'd to promise them he wou'd give 
him a third part of what they settled if they wou'd com- 
ply with the King's instrucf", and without this previous 
promise he cou'd not bring the Assembly into the matter. 
The same party proposed to me the same things, but I at 
once absolutely refus'd it, and told them I neither wou'd 
nor dare do it, for it wou'd be to elude & trifle with the 
King's instruction, and to get only £400 instead of £600 
a year settled on the King's Gov''. Your Lordships in 
considering this affair will plainly see the different foot- 
ing upon which M'' Burnet got the salary from my getting 
it done, & I think your Lordships will do me the justice 
to say I acted with full fidelity & honour to his Majesty, 
in that I wou'd accept of the salary on no other terms 
but in exact conformity to the King's royal orders. 

The affair of N. Hampshire governm* stands thus, 
my Lords, 

The salary settled on me is £600 a year. 

Out of which my 2 yearly jour- 
nies is 200 

Leaves 400 a year. 

The perquisites due to me by my comission & instruc- 
tions, as cap* of the fort, ship registers, passes to the 
castle, licenses for marriages, certificates for naval stores, 
&C'' (all which I now give to the L" Gov''), are about £200 
a year, and shou'd I also give him the half of my salary, 
the matter wou'd stand thus : 

1734.] TO THE LOKDS OF TRADE. 133 

To the Gov' for y' half of £600 a 
year 300. 

Deduct the charge of my 2 yearly 
journies 200. 

Leaves 100 a year 

for the King's Gov"" of New Hampshire. But then the 
L** Gov"" wou'd have 

The half of the Gov^'^ salary 300. 

and the perquisites above men- 
tioned 200. 

is £500 a year 

to the Gov'''' £100. Can, my Lords, any gen* look on 
this ace*' stated as it truly & really is, think it consis* with 
justice & honour it shou'd be so. The governm* of N. 
Hampshire is not at this day worth to me £100 sf a year, 
that it's almost a shame to call it a government. The 
provinces here, my Lords, have not been us'd to give 
any thing to a L" Gov"", nor will they, because they say 
while they have a Gov'' he is an officer of no service to 
them. When the Duke of Portland went to Jamaica he 
carry'd a L" Gov"", but when he came there the people 
wou'd give him no support, so he return'd home. Had 
I, my Lords, £100,000 depending on this affair, in the 
true & genuine light I have set it to your Lordships, I 
cou'd submit it as a point of law to the twelve Judges 
of England, or as a point of equity to the nicest Chan- 
cellor in the world. 

I again thank your Lordships for the justice you have 
done me in ordering me copies of the memorials, and I 
still hope always to have the same justice from your 
Lordships whenever my name is mentioned in complaint. 
The divine oracles, my Lords, tell us that a Roman was 
not condemned unheard, and S* Paul was allow'd even 
by a Nero to answer for himself. How much more happy 


then am I under the most gracious of sovereigns (with 
his wise councellors) whose delight and glory is to do 
justice to all his subjects. 

I think, my Lords, I have now made it fully appear 
that M^ Wilks, M^ Partridge, & M^ Belcher either had not 
seen or had not well weighed the sense of my commis- 
sion & instructions in these respects, or that they (& not 
the Gov'') misunderstood their meaning ; and if your Lord- 
ships shall on rec* hereof think it worth while to lay any 
representation before his Majesty on these heads, I have 
no doubt but your Lordships (as well as all other impar- 
tial judges) will make out a very favourable opinion upon 
my conduct and behaviour herein, and I have as little 
doubt of his Majesty's confirming such honourable opin- 
ion ; and thus, my Lords, I rest the matter. 

Were I, my Lords, to give bread out of my own mouth, 
I believe M'' Dunbar wou'd be the last person I cou'd bear 
to feed, his study being nothing else but to do me all the 
ill offices in his power, and if M"" Thomlinson had known 
his continual insolent treatment of the Gov'' he wou'd 
certainly have been asham'd to have mentioned anything 
of my evil treatment of him, while he is constantly giv- 
ing me all the provocations he can invent, and it can't 
be suppos'd I will bear any of his insults & not teach 
him his duty. 

Thus, my Lords, I have in obedience to your commands 
made the earliest answer I cou'd to your Lordships' 
favour, and am sorry M'' Dunbar (with the two other per- 
sons) has given me occasion to give your Lordships the 
trouble of so tedious a letter, which I have been oblig'd 
to in order to an ample vindication of my conduct on 
these heads. Were not strife & contention the favorite 
element of that gent™, he might easily prevent your Lord- 
ships all this trouble, and had he more power I suppose 
every ship that passes wou'd carry volumns of complaints 
to the Kincr & to his ministers. 


I have the honour to be, with great respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble servant. 

, J. B. 

Boston, Ocf 2, 1734. 

(Via Bristol, Rous.) (To London, Crocker.) 


Gentlemen, — This is to give you my thanks jointly 
for your appearing in my behalf 29 May last, before the 
Lords of Trade & Plantations, upon the occasion of two 
memorials laid before them by one Cap* Thomlinson, of 
which their Lordships have transmitted copies for my mak- 
ing answer to them, & I do it by this conveyance, pray- 
ing the favour of you still to appear for me. As to the affair 
of Wentworth's & Atkinson's mandamus^ you'll see I intend 
to offer to admit them when I am at New Hampshire the 
next week. So that matter is over. But as to Dunbar's 
having any part of my salary, I can by no means give 
into it, for the reasons I wrote in Augs* last to Mess"^' Par- 
tridge & Belcher, and for those I now offer to the Lords 
of Trade, and I must beg of you to appear & defend me 
against any proceedings that may take the bread out of 
my mouth to feed a creature that is alwayes trying to cut 
my throat. Were I to comply with ColP Bladen's desire 
in this matter you'll see Dunbar wou'd have £500 a year, 
and I shou'd have only £100. I therefore now inclose 
you the following papers to furnish you in making my 
defence, viz* : 

N*" 1. All things transacted at New Hampshire with the 
Assembly in Aug'*, 1730, about the settling of 
my salary. 


2. As also a concession of M' Burnet made to M' 

Wentworth about his salary before it was 

3. The King's 36 instruction to me. 

4. The Lords of Trade's report to the King of Nov' 

4, 1731. 
6. Lords Trade's letter to me. 

6. My letter at large to the Lords of Trade. 

7. Arguments against his having any part of the 


These things, I think, will make it as clear as the sun at 
noon that he cannot have the least claim to any share of 
my salary, and you'll see by a paragraph I have mark't 
in the report of the Lords of Trade that they were of that 
opinion in 1731. 

I desire you to let one of your servants copy my let- 
ter to the Lords of Trade before you deliver it that you 
may have recourse to the arguments I have us'd with 
them ; and if they will finally urge his having any part 
of my salary, I can by no means submit it to them ; but 
upon their represent" to the King about the salary and 
the chief command in N. Hampshire while I am at Bos- 
ton, I must pray you to petition his Majesty to be heard 
before him in Council in my defence, where I pray you 
to do your utmost to prevent any such extraordinary 
orders coming to me as ColP Bl — d — n wou'd be glad of, 
and if what he & D — b — r desires must take eJffect, I sin- 
cerely tell you I had rather be quit of the government of 
N. Hampshire, which wou'd be worth no more than £100 
a year this money, and I wou'd scorn to bear the name 
of a Gov'* for it. Besides cou'd he get the command he 
might soon perswade the Council & Represent''^ to repeal 
the settlem* of my salary & fix it on himself. I say, if 
he or Coll"" Bl — d — n can carry these points, there's an 
end of my commission at N. Hampshire. But I must pray 
you to do all in your power to prevent it. Were I to give 


Dunbar all my salary it wou'd signify nothing, and it's 
imi30ssible to live in peace with him. 
I am, with much respect, Sirs, 

Your assured friend & very humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Octr 2, 1734. 

(Via Bristol. Rous.) Crocker, to London. 


Sir, — I know you will be surprized, as indeed I am 
myself, at the freedom I now take with the Hon^^^ M"" 
Townshend, to whom I am so perfect a stranger ; but by 
the acco* I have rec'd from my son M"" Belcher of the 
Temple, as well as by your letters to your brother here, 
the Hon^^^ M'^ George Townshend, of your civility and 
goodness to my son, I cou'd not forbear giving you my 
sincerest thanks for so great a favour (for we fathers 
have a strange fondness for children that don't disoblige 
us). You will please. Sir, to give me leave to say, this 
young gent°, after spending 7 years at our little college 
in our Cambridge, had an inclination to see our mother 
country, and chose the study of the law for the business 
of his life, to which end I placed him at the Temple. 
He had his call to the barr last May, and should he prove 
capable in his studies & practice will spend the rest of his 
life in the country of his progenitors ; and if, S"", you will 
allow him now & then to wait on you and to hope for 
some small share of your acquaintance and friendship, it 
may give him too much pride, but I am sure it will do 
him great service and advantage as he comes forward in 
the world ; and I hold myself and him under the highest 
obligations that you are pleased to let me hope for this 

* Second son of Charles, second Viscount Townshend. He was for more than forty 
years one of the members of Parliament for the University of Cambridge, and one of the 
Tellers of the Exchequer. He died in 1780. — Eds. 



favour in your letter to your brother, where you say you 
will assist him by yourself and friends. Nothing can be 
kinder, and I look upon it as an omen of his future good 
fortune. And while I tell you, Sir, the vast load of debt 
I lye under to your noble father, you will still be more 
surprized at this letter, the answer whereof will be to 
make me a perpetual bankrupt to your whole family. 
My noble patron, the R* Hon^^^ the Lord Viscount Towns- 
hend (for what reason I know not), was pleased while I 
was at Whitehall, to treat me on all occasions with the 
greatest condescension and humanity, and sometimes with 
an uncommon freedom, and finally did me the great honour 
of mentioning me to the King to be Gov'' of my native 
country. I say, it is to him, and him alone, that I owe 
this great respect and favour, and I and my whole family 
shall acknowledge it to the latest date of time. Such 
extraordinary and such unmerited goodness & generosity 
is almost peculiar to my most honoured Lord Towns- 
hend, tho' but one of his shining characters. I have lately 
a very kind letter from his Lordship, to whom I shall do 
my duty in owning it by the next conveyance. And 
now, Sir, let me beg of you (if possible) to find out some 
way whereby I might demonstrate with how great esteem 
and respect, I am, Hon^^^ Sir, 

Your most obed'^ and most devoted serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov^ 2, 1734. 


My much HONOURED AND GOOD LORD, — Altho' I had 
not been honoured with a letter from your Lordship for 
a long time, yet I ventured again to trespass on your 
Lordship's goodness the 8 of July past, and which my 
son writes me he had done himself the honour to forward 

1734.] TO THE BISHOP OF LINC0L:N". 139 

to your Lordship. I am now, my Lord, to own with all 
possible respect and gratitude the honour of your Lord- 
ship's of 20 June, with its most obliging contents, and 
which is the next in succession (that has reacht me) 
since that from your Lordship of October 13, 1732. 

The entertainment your Lordship gives me in the pub- 
lick affairs is more than I cou'd have possibly collected 
from any other intelligence, and what I can confide in. 
The fate of a general flame in Europe must depend partly 
on a general action upon the Rhine, but more on the 
Westminster deliberations. When the august body get 
to work in S* Stephen's Chappel may He by whom Kings 
reign always direct and govern the hearts of the King 
and of his ministers for the best establishment of the Pro- 
testant Succession, and in that the lasting happiness of 
all the King's dominions. The King's heart is in the 
hands of the Lord. As the rivers of water He turneth 
it whithersoever He will. 

I am, my Lord, told again this day by a gent" late 
from London and who saw your worthy son M'' A. Rey- 
nolds once and again that he still entertains tho'ts of 
returning hither in the spring. I shall sincerely rejoyce 
to see him if your L'^ship approves his coming. But then 
I hope your Lordship will have so good an understanding 
with his superiours as that he may come clothed with his 
Majesty's commission for Lieu' Gov"" of N. Hampshire and 
his mandamus to be of the King's Council there, which 
with his Collection and to be Naval Officer will be thus : 

Lieu" Governour's perquisites . . 

£220. . 

Councellor's ditto . . . 

20. . 

Collector's fees 

250. . 

Naval Officer's ditto 

70. . 


560. — . — 

a year this currency, and will still grow with the country 
and trade. 


There will be also his Collector's 

salary £100.—.— 

& the Hospital y"" L'^ship has given 

him 100.—.— 

is £200. — . — St' 

a year more, and his lady's fortune will lye in lavender 
to grow, and so will a great part of y^ £200 ster. a year. 
His lady must by all means come with him, by which he 
will live in more honour and respect and phaps save 
more money. 

JVP Husk, who was his dejouty, being now made post- 
master of this Province is superseeded by the Surveyor 
General of the Customs (in the deputation made by M'' 
Reynolds), and I am afraid (but it must not be said so) 
that the person succeeding wont give so good satisfaction, 
and if M" Reynolds don't quickly return phaps some 
grumbling may arise in his holding his warrant as Collec- 
tor. I am told one great difficulty against his being 
made Lieu' Gov'' was that the Kino; must sign such a 
comission with his own hand, and for some reasons that 
cou'd not be. The present Lieu*' Gov"", my Lord, 1 am 
told, has a great desire to go home, and not to continue 
Lieu* Gov'' any longer under me. 1 am also told he or 
his lady has an estate lately befallen of 6 or 700 £ ster. a 
year by death of Lord Blessington in L^eland, so that 
if he goes home I fancy he won't desire to return 
hither, and in that case if M' Reynolds can succeed him 
as Surveyor General of the King's Woods in North 
America, that commission comes from the Lords of the 
Treasury, and is not signed by the King. The sal- 
ary of it is £200 ster. a year, and the perquisites, I 
beleive, £100 more, and then JVP Reynolds need not 
trouble himself about the Leiutenancy. Your Lord- 
ship will consider all these things and do what will 
be most agreeable to yourself, and to your son's in- 


terest. Pardon, my Lord, the prodigious boldness I 
am going to utter. But by thus accomplishing to M"" 
Reynolds, what if your Lordship should make some 
concessions where these things may be facilitated ? Con- 
descension is not great when it's to our own service and 

As M"" Husk is now Postmaster he must reside in Bos- 
ton, and make a vacancy in the King's Council at New 
Hampshire, which M"" Reynolds must fill, to whom I should 
now write, but he's a letter in my debt for 13 months 

I am now, may it please your Lordship, to take a line 
from a song my son of the Temple lately made upon an- 
other occasion, and apply it to your Lordship's great 
respect and friendship to me, and say 

Dum memor ipse mei, grato meminisse juvabit. 

By the last ship M'* Belcher gives me the acco* of your 
Lordship's continued goodness to him, and of a very kind 
letter you had wrote him upon his call to the barr, and 
particularly to your Lordship's readiness to promote him 
in the business of his profession. Altho' he is got to the 
barr, yet I beleive your L'^ship will be in opinion with me 
that it will be best for him to be patient and not to en- 
deavour after much business for a year or two, but still 
follow his studies sediile et constaiiter, and if possible to lay 
a substantial foundation so as to appear with some credit 
and honour to himself, and to the advantage of those that 
may intrust him, and if your Lordship will let me, and 
let him hope for the continuance of your smiles, coun- 
tenance, and advice in his studies and practice, and as he 
comes forward to promote him in such business as your 
Lordship may judge him capable of, it will be laying him 
and me under still greater obligations of gratitude and 
respect to your Lordship and to your whole family, and 
which I shall demonstrate with the greatest alacrity upon 


every occasion I can possibly lay hold of, because I am 
with much deference and high esteem, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfully most devoted, & most 
hum' serv*. J. B. 

I hope your L^^ship's eyes are recov'd & that your 
health is strong in every vein, artery, and muscle. I 

Boston, Nov^ 2, 1734. : 

(Homans.) I 


My dear Son, — You have herewith copy of my long 
letter of 1 Oct° via Bristol f" Kous, which you must care- 
fully observe. I return'd from my other government of 
N. Hampshire 26 ult', and have rec'd your very dutifull 
letters of Aug. 26 and Sept^ 3 T Bennet & White, from 
little Chelsea. I much approve your good judgment in 
returning thither for the benefit of study in the vacation, 
altho' I wou'd not have you exceed your constitution and 
break your health, yet diligence at your time of life, that 
you may lay a foundation in substantial knowledge and 
learning, will be the path to profit, honour, and ease, and 
which is infinitely surpassing all these, it will be the way 
for you to answer the end of your creation in bringing 
glory to God and good to j^our fellow creatures. The 
pleasures and amusements that imploy the generality of 
mankind are trifling & beneath a great soul. I remem- 
ber the first head I declaimed on when I entred the Col- 
lege was Aquila non capiat miiscas. 

I am more and more pleased with your dipping into 
mathematicks and particularly into algebra under your 
great Sanderson at Cambridge. Lord Chief Justice Hales, 
the late great Lord Somers, and Lord Trevor highly 
recommended the studj' of algebra in order to be a good 


lawyer, in that it led a man into a close, abstracted way 
of thinking and reasoning. 

I am glad you find so much respect at your dear Cam- 
bridge, and am still very fond of your having a degree at 
Oxford when you can get it with the least charge ; and 
by proper recommendations from your own University 
(and otherwise) I shou'd think you might easily have it & 
ad eundem, & what if you shou'd spend the next long vaca- 
tion and another at that University under the Professors 
of the Civil Law and of the mathematicks (as you did 
at Cambridge), and so establish a good acquaintance at 
Oxford ? 

Your present to Harvard Library is in conformity to 
my directions, and your compliment in hexameters is 
thot beautifull by good judges, and the whole will do you 

For your sake I received M'' Punderson kindly ; he w^ent 
on his journey to Connecticut in an hour or two after he 
was with me. I told him he should always be welcome 
to the Gov"" when he came to town. 

The Election Sermons I sent you were well composed, 
and I thot wou'd be pleasing at Court; if you get one 
into the hands of the Queen let me know it. I have no 
doubt but M"" Newman and you might find an opportunity 
of being privately introduced at the Queen's back stairs 
into her apartment by one of the Ladies of the Bed- 
chamber, and present one on your knees yourself. Try 

When M"" Wilks has deliv'^ the address I shall expect to 
see it in the prints. If it be possible to overcome all 
difficulties and succeed in a gift of powder, cannon, &c., 
it will do great honour to M'* Wilks and to the Gov"". All 
things seem to be easy and more and more so in the 
Massachusetts, and I believe 1 in 20 wou'd not change 
their Gov"" for any other his Majesty wou'd offer 'em. A 
change wou'd not only be highly unjust and dishonourable, 


but it woLi'd throw the whole Province into great con- 
fusion, and give the Ministry unspeakable trouble & 

As to that wicked fellow D — nb — r and all affairs of 
N. Hampshire I shall write very particularly to your 
good uncle, and a distinct letter also on same head to 
Mess'"' Willis, Partridge & Belcher, and altho' I am will- 
ing to save and spare you as much as possible to your 
studies, yet when you can give a good lift you must fall 
in with your whole weight. It's wise in you, and my 
order in futurum to take copies of all I send Board of ! 
Trade before deliveVy. I dare not trust Bl — d — n (with j 
all his complaisance), and good things may be stifled. I I 
am sure I have reason, justice, and honesty on my side, ^ 
and if I may be treated by the rules of such fine things, I ^ 
defie all the Dunbars in Christendom. But the King and I 
his Privy Council must be our dernier resort, 

I thank j^our care in sending me Burnet's second 
volume, in which I observe your name in the subscription 
mentioned thus, Jonathan Belcher, Jun'', Esq^ As there 
is no other Jonathan Belcher in the kingdom, I think it | 
needless to add Jun^ It does not look so honourable, 
but for the future on such occasions I think it should be 
Jonathan Belcher of the Middle Temple, Esq'', and when 
my name may be mentioned on any such occasion it should 
be His Excy Jonathan Belcher, Esq", Gov' of N. EngP. 
Were we both in private life, and I in EngP with you, 
Jun"" might be proper. But either my station or distance 
I think always a sufficient distinction, and omitting Jun" 
still gives you manhood majority and more the looks of 
sui juris. 

I am perfectly easy in the reasons you give of not 
writing me more fully and particularly in the beginning 
of the year, and when I am otherwise it's because I love 
you and your exact, intelligent way of writing. I take 
notice of what you say about your account of expences, 


and see my blunder of £10 in the substraction of 89. 19. 
from 277. 5. 5. I say again I am well content in your 
account of expences. It is all well, and I am expecting 
the account of the last year f next ship. 

Health is the greatest blessing to be ask'd for a human 
body, therefore be carefull of yours always. Go to bed 
early and rise as your constitution will allow. I am 
grown in years, and my rule is to be in bed sumer and 
winter before ten, and to rise with the sun. 

^.haps you may hear something on your grandmother 
Belcher side from Meriden. An account of your corre- 
spondence with M"" Dickenson in the Indies will be very 
acceptable. I much approve your bowling and all bodily 
exercises your health and strength will allow. I thank 
you for the publick prints which to have T the ships do 
me honour as well as give me the knowledge of what's 
passing in the world. 

I observe your uncle and you had been at the Board 
of Trade, and they were agreed to report to the King in 
Council in fav"* of your petition for leave to take my 
salary. The way I'm in at psent about coming at my 
money after grant*^ is wretched and severe, and must be 
mended in time, if possible. 

I am very well satisfied with the particular acco* you 
give of the affair of Tamworth. It's wisely conducted in 
every step, and I wish it may after all be crown'd with 
the desired success. It seems to stand (as you say) fairer 
than ever ; if the Chancellor fails in the qualification (as 
I beleive he will), I doubt not but your friend Peters (or 
some of your friends) will help you in a qualification. 
I am told it is often done by the conveyance of an estate 
to a friend, taking only a promissary note (or bond) for 
the value, & that the person for better security makes 
his will and bequeaths the estate back again ; but this 
need not be your case, because you have a solid quantum 

in your hands to convey in lieu of any estate may be sold 



to you. I have no great question but by your sollicitors 
and agitators in such affairs you will come at a proper 
qualification, but I am more concerned about the money 
you'll necessarily want for defraying the expence ; for 
I find your uncle is in advance for me and much pincht 
for money. I shall be able to send him some in a very 
little time, and f this conveyance I send the two bonds 
mentioned in my last for £250 each with interest, which 
phaps may help him. 

I see the Parliament was to set as this month to do 
business, so the affair of Tarn worth will be determined 
before this can reach you, and I shall be glad to know 
the fate of the matter as soon as may be by any convey- 
ance your uncle or you can find. 

Dear Jonathan, I now answer a request you made in 
some of your former, of giving my helping hand to pro- 
mote you in business at the barr. Altho' I am settled in 
my opinion that it's best for you to go on patiently and 
diligently in your studies for at least 2 years to come, 
and to enter upon business but very gradually, yet I now 
cover to you one and twenty letters wrote in your favour 
for promoting you in proper time and season in your 
profession. I also inclose you copies of Bishop Lincoln's 
letter to me of 20 June ; the Hon^'^ M^ T: Townshend's 
of Aug* 3 to his brother here ; extract of one from M'' 
Morton of Aug. 24 ; and extract of one from D'' Colman 
to W Holden of Oct^ 25. 

You'll see the Bishop is very loose and general as to 
doing you any real service or making any direct answer 
to mine desiring him to assist you in the great affair of 
Tamworth, and to get his son to qualifie you. No, he is 
a compleat courtier. No longer pipe, no longer dance. 
His professions, &c., all centered in the hopes of reaping 
10 times the advantage to his son, and yet you'll find 
my letter heaps coals of fire upon his head, and it's best 
for you to have a good understanding and a proper 

1734.] TO JOiq-ATHAlSr BELCHER, JR. 147 

acquaintance with him. M"" Townshend's letter is full 
of goodness to you. I have wrote him accordingly, and 
you must hug all opportunities of getting into his com- 
pany and acquaintance. D"" Colman has been exceeding 
kind to you in his letter to M"" Holden, and M'' Morton 
is as much so in his letter to me. Above all things keep 
up the best understanding with Gov"" Holden ; who knows 
what it may produce in due time ? and make all dutifull 
court to Madq,m Holden. I hope you have paid your 
dutifull respects to M"" Holden at his fine seat at Eo 
Hampton, and will do it often. He can serve your father 
& you as well as any man in England. He is finger next 
the thumb with S"" R. W. M"" Morton will carry you also 
to M"" Snell and to his son Wells. You must love and 
honour the old gent°. He is very friendly to you. M'' 
Sandford will go with you to the M. of the Eolls, and 
what if you shou'd present him with the box of candles 
intended for Crossland? You must nick a good oppor- 
tunity to deliver the letter to Lord Chancellor and Lord 
Chief Justice. I will hereafter write to the present 
Attorney and Sollicitor Gen^ and to Judge Reeves, if you 
think it may do you service and you'll send me their 
addresses (or directions). Thus I do but just hint at 
things, and yet phaps may tire you, tho' you see I never 
can tire myself in endeavouring after your good and 
welfare. I cant say w^hether M"" Snell's name be W"" or 
John, but he is an eminent attorney well known to 
M'^ Morton. 

Judge Auchmuty and M"" Advocate Shirley ask f 
every ship whether no letter from you. You must 
really, Jon% learn to be the gent"^, to be mannerly and 
gratefull, or who will serve you? and you must let 
D'" Colman have a letter, for he knows I send the in- 
closed paragraph to you, and I also think you are a letter 
in his debt. 

You must take good care about the appeal to the King 


in Council.* It's too great a sum to lose if it can be saved. 
Our councellors here think it can by no means be called 
a quia thnetj for the reasons they have wrote. Besides 
I have now actually paid the whole money. I am most 
unfeignedly, my dear Jonathan, 

Your affectionate father. J. B.t 

Boston, Novr 4, 1734. 


Sir, — This being the first opportunity directly since 
the rec't of yours of 30 May last I embrace it to answer 
what my Lords Coihiss'"' of Trade and Plantations directed 
you to write me. I am pretty much a stranger to the 
manufactures, trade, and circumstances of the neighbour- 
ing British colonies on the continent, and shall think 
myself happy enough if I can suggest anything to their 
Lordships of service to the British Crown and to the 
King's people respecting those provinces the government 
whereof his Majesty has coihitted to my care. The Mas- 
sachusetts is, I suppose, the largest and most peopled of 
any of the King's dominions in America, yet the people 
are in no proportion to the extent of their land, which in 
consequence renders the labour of handycrafts and all 
others scarce and dear, and in order to make this country 
serviceable to the mother kingdom it is necessary that 
they had from her some sutable incouragments, as prae- 

* This appeal was from a decision here in a suit growing out of Belcher's pecuniary 
transactions Avith John Caswall of London, deceased. — Eds. 

t In a letter written the day after the foregoing letter, Governor Belcher acknowledges 
the receipt of a letter from his son, dated September 9, and writes : " I have read what you 
hint at in the political state, and it's very like to be the gent" you mention, who, I am told, has 
wrote hither, that if it be warr D — b — r may have a coiTiission sent him for both Provinces 
(the present Gov being no soldier). But should the peace continue, and he wou'd come 
over, he might have the commission for asking. I doubt not these are D— m — r's wishes, 
for he wo'd join with D — nb— r or the D — v — 1 to hurt the Gov. As to the present Govs 
not being a soldier, neither was Gov Dudley, who held the comission for the 11 years of 
Queen Anne's warr." — Eds. 

1734.] TO ALUEED POPPLE. 149 

miumsj &c., to'ingage the inhabitants in raising and man- 
ufacturing those things that are natural to the soil 
and climate, and are not the common product of Great 

There has been discover'd this last year in this Province 
at a place called Houssetunnuc, about 140 miles from this 
place, a great quantity of rock iron ore, very rich, and in 
a few months since in the town of Attleborough, about 
30 miles off, another discovery of same nature ; and some 
copper and lead mines are also found. Good hemp may 
be raised in this Province, and barilla (or potash), — we 
having great plenty of oaks and fern bushes and brakes, 
and the seashores lin'd with kelp ; and these last, I am 
told, are the best materials to produce good potash. If 
their Lordships think proper to propose the sending over 
at the charge of the Crown some few head men well 
skill'd in raising and manufacturing hemp and potashes, 
and to give a bounty upon them and on copper, or the 
ore, and so on the other ores or metalls I have men- 
tioned, I have no doubt but the advantage wou'd soon 
center to the mother kingdom by the good returns wou'd 
be found for the manufactures that come from thence. 
This country is also capable of pitch, tarr, & turpentine, 
and by the former Act for encouraging these things, the 
bounty allow'd being much greater than in the present 
Act, the trade was carried on here to some little profit, but 
since that Act expired there has been a constant loss in 
that trade, more especially to the merchants in London. 
As to tarr, the people here can't be induced to make it 
wholly of green wood, the labour being so great that it 
cannot be done so as that the people can save themselves 
in doing it, and altho' the tarr made of pine knots is too 
hot for cordage, yet it is esteemed as good as any for 
other uses; so that if the former Act for incouraging 
those products were revived I conceive it might be of 
advantage both to the Crown and to the merchants to 


make these plantations further serviceable to the Crown 
of Great Britain by taking of greater quantities of British 
manufactures. They must still be nurst & nourisht by 
bounties, &c., and Great Britain will finally receive back 
such bounties double into her own bosom. 

Agreeable to a letter rec'd from you about 3 years 
agoe by order of my Lords Comiss""^ for Trade and Planta- 
tions with respect to laws made, manufactures set up, and 
trade carry'd on, which may affect the trade, navigation, 
and manufactures of G* Britain, I am to answer that there 
is little alteration since I wrote you last with respect to 
the Massachusetts or N. Hampshire,^ excepting a paper 
mill set up at the town of Falmouth (in the Massachu- 
setts) and another going forward ; & in N. Hampshire 
the raising of flax and the increase of the linnen manu- 
factures. When anything new occurs on these heads, 
I shall faithfully transmit the same to their Lordships, to 
wdiom I remam, with great respect and deference, and 
am, Sir, 

Your most obedient, hum^ serv'. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 6, 1734. 

(Homans, Bennet.) 


Sir, — My last w^as 1 ult' T Rous to Bristol, since 
which I have your fav""' of June 29, July 5, 6, Aug. 28, 
30, 31, Sept"" 2, 5, & 10, came by way of Philadelphia 
and T Bennet, White, & Baker. I shall order inquiry to 
be made about James Forbes's note pay^ to James Bar- 
clay for £8 ster., and write you what I learn about it, 
and thank you for what you sent T Bennet (amount^ to 
<£12. 9. ster.). The letters you inclosed have been duly 
delivered, and the box you seat is gone forward by the 
post to M'" Brenton. 

* See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. pp. G8-71, 48'J, 410. —Eds. 


It will strengthen me in the government and do me 
great honour if the stores of warr can be obtained that 
the Assembly petitioned for. Queen Anne granted a fine 
parcel to this Province upon a petition from the Assembly 
30 years agoe, and altho' they have not been all along so 
dutifuU as they shou'd, yet it's pity the King sho'd lose 
a Province in case of an attack for want of powder and can- 
non, when they may be so easily supplied from his royal 
bounty. There are but few guns in the Castle fit to fire, 
nor any powder to put in 'em. I am much oblig'd to 
you for your great care and diligence in pushing forward 
the leave for taking my salary. I observe the report of 
the Board of Trade in fav"" of my son's petition was lodg'd 
at Council Office 10 of Sepf", where it must wait for a 
Council, and then go back to Board of Trade to draw the 
instruction, and then back to Council again, — as you 
sa}^, a deal to do ; and it is a great cruelty and severity 
upon me. and of which I am the only instance in all the 
King's governments, not being suffered to take my sup- 
port in less than 12 months after it's granted. The many 
hardships on this head I have mentioned to you, brother, 
once and again, and is there no way with D. N. C. or 
L"^ Wilmington to make it easy for the future ? It dis- 
tresses me in the course of the whole year in my expences 
and from making large remisses to you as I ought to do. 
However, I find at present we must be content, and I 
pray you wou'd get the leave signed as soon as possible, 
and give me notice of it some way or other. I am sorry 
Slade's bills for £45 ster. must be protested, because you 
want the money and I'm afraid I shall be a sufferer in 
the end. Yet if they are not to be paid, let me have the 
protest as soon as you can. He sent a power of attorney 
W Cap* Noble (in one of the mast ships) to M"" Jones to 
receive his money. 

As to the wretch D — nb — r, I have no patience in men- 
tioning him. He seems to be born for a plague wherever 


he comes, and is such a lump of malice and perfidiousness 
that it's impossible to enter into any terms or acquaint- 
ance with him. No, it's safer to be at constant war. The 
letter he wrote 28 of J — ne to the Secry shows his ran- 
cour at the country, and that he wou'd sink it, if it was 
in his power. A fine fellow for a Gov"" of this people ! 
Yet B — supports him. This I don't wonder at, because 
I am given to understand he was to have made a vast 
fortune to him and himself in the Eastern Country ; but 
that's over, and a great disappointment. I must not be 
injured, bro"", by his false insinuations. I defie him to 
make out that the Gov'^ does not stick by his instructions, 
and do everything in his power for the service of the 
Crown ; and if B — rules the rost at Board of Trade, and 
will treat me unjustly to support a fellow of no honour, 
truth, or justice, we must have our dernier resort to the 
King and his Council. I believe my letter to the Board 
of Trade of July 1 f Hainerden will prevent any expe- 
dient being found to reimburse the foolish charge he run 
out at Pemaquid (and I am told) upon his own head with- 
out any order from the Crown. He is well served, and 
must learn more wit and prudence for the future. I wish 
it was possible for me to get rid of him. 

I see there was no appeal entred against me at Council 
Office 10 Sept^ I hope you will carefully pursue that 
affair. It's too great a sum to lose, if it can be saved ; 
and my lawyers here tell me the judgment is good, and 
cannot be revers'd. I see you had not sold the 12 mar- 
tins, but wou'd make the most of 'em, and you w^ill re- 
member to receive John Whitfield's order of 3. 15. 10 sent 

you T . Be a little tho'tfull for this poor man, who 

wants his money, and I can't pay him till I hear it's 

I am. Sir, under great obligations for your fatherly 
respect and love to my son at the Temple, and that you 
will take care to supply him till my remittances get to 


your hands. He is a diligent, sober young genV, and 
must not be discouraged in his studies. If he lives, I 
doubt not but he will make a man, and be an honour to 
you and to me and to the whole family. I write him 
that he spends a great deal of money, and that good 
oeconomy and a prudent frugality will be a great orna- 
ment to him. However, that he may be perfectly quiet 
and pacifick I have approved all his acco^' of expence to 
28 of Aug* last, and am content to support him a year 
or two longer at the rate of 200 £ ster. a year, that he 
mayn't enter upon much business till he has laid in a 
large stock of knowledge and learning, so as some day 
or other to shine in his profession, for he must dream of 
nothing less, bro'^, than being L** Chancellor of G* Britain, 
and I question whether late L"^ King had a better claim at 
four & twenty. I beleive you will think I begrutch no 
pains to bring this young man into the world, for I now 
send him one and twenty letters for promoting him in his 
profession. You mention nothing lately of the great 
affair of Tamworth, in which I have done all I can, and 
sho'd be sorry it fails at last. The Parliament is to set 
this month, so the matter will be over before this gets 
to hand. 

I take more than ordinary notice, brother, of what you 
say in your letters of June 29 & July 6 that came by 
Philadelphia, that there is a bill fil'd against you and 
the other exec' of Hawkins in chancery for money that 
must be paid in 5 months. I will therefore try by all pos- 
sible ways to remit you 400 <£ ster ; tho' it's one of the 
most difficult things in the world to get bills to London, 
yet I must and will do it some way or other, and in the 
mean time I now send you two bonds of 250 £ ster. 
apiece, payable with interest to such persons whose names 
I have left blank for you to insert. These may do you 
some service till I can get money to you, which shall be 
my immediate care. I thank you for my acco* cur*, which 



shall be examined, and if I find it right will adjust it in 
conformity. I give you many thanks for the public prints 
which are entertaining and serviceable to me. I pray 
you to let me hear from you in the winter some way or 
other, being always, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, NoV 8, 1734. 


Dear Jonathan, — Altho' I have already made up in 
one packet 21 letters ^ this conveyance in your favour, 
yet in a conversation I have had with M" Shirley he told 
me he was well acquainted with M'^ Rider, the Sollicitor 
General, with D"" Pellett and M"" Spence, the latter is Ser- 
geant at Arms to the House of Commons, and Pellett is 
his uncle. They both have the honour of a free access 
to the D. of N. Castle and a good acquaintance with all 
the Pelham family, and M'' Shirley has been so kind as to 
give me the three inclosed letters for the Sollicitor Gen- 
eral and for the other two gent"", to each of which you'll 
see I have ventur'd to add one of my own, and wish they 
may together do you some service. I have thot once and 
again of deferring my recommendatory letters till about 
a year hence, least they should be some snare in making 
you too much known and of bringing you too soon into 
too much business ; but I hope my first opinion of the con- 
trary, and now my repeated charge to observe it, as well 
as your own prudence, will be guard sufficient upon you. 
And when I consider that God has made my days as a 
hand-breadth and that the lamp of life may soon, very 
soon, be extinguish t, I am desirous to do you all the good 
I can while God gives me opportunity. You must at 
your earliest rising hour open all the letters I send you 
and read them sedately. Then reseal 'em, and find out 


the best opportunity of giving them with your own hands. 
This, I am sensible, must take you up considerable time, 
but you must begrutch no pains (your health will bear) 
for your advantage. Solomon says the wise man's eyes are 
in his head, and you must dart yours hither and thither. 
Be lively & vigorous in all your laudable pursuits. Vivere 
est agere, and don't think the greatest things too great. 
What said the fine Lord Rochester when a lady's chariot 
happen'd to throw him down while he was endeavouring 
to salute her? 

Madam, Was it not bravely done 

Thus to attempt the Chariot of y^ Sun 
Altho' I fell like Phaeton ? 

Above all things, Jonathan, cultivate the best acquaint- 
ance you possibly can with the Hon^^® JVP Holden of Eo 
Hampton. In due time it may produce what may please 
you, and I know it will be a service to my interest at 
Court. I say, let this dwell upon your mind, and while 
M"" Shirley is loading you with friendship don't forget to 
be a gent" of gratitude. Ingratimi si dixeris omnia dicis. 

I have now been 12 months sweating and vexing 
under the thots of B. Pemberton's getting from me the 
Naval Office, which is most justly and strictly the Gov'"'^, 
both by the Act of Parliament and by the King's commis- 
sion, and the Gov"" alone is answerable for that Office. 
These things I intend to lay before Sir R. W. himself in 
a little time, to regain that pquisite to my commission. 
Your brother Lyde's family wants it, and it is a fine thing ; 
and Pemberton is an insolent jackanapes. I understand 
some motion will be made by him on arrival of this ship 
to obtain a patent for it from home ; and there will also 
be attempts made to get him out and to have a patent 
for somebody else. But your uncle and you must oppose 
with might and main all attempts about it, for it is as 
rightfully mine as my salary, and you must beg of M'^ 
Holden to speak to Sir Rob* & D. N. Castle, that nothing 


may be done about it. I intend in a little time to send 
you a memorial from hence to Sir R. W. and to D. N., 
with all the arguments I can think of, and to desire I 
may have a patent for it for my son Lyde, which may 
secure it for hnn in case of my death. Besides it will 
give me great strength and honour in the government to 
have it restored to me ; but more of this a while hence, 
and in mean tiuie your uncle and you must watch all the 
publick offices that nothing be done in it at present. 

The Duke of Chandos mentions you often to W Har- 
rison at N. York, wdth great respect and honour. Take a 
good opportunity of delivering him my letter, in which 
are two for him from JVT Harrison. I think of nothing- 
more material at present ; so remain, my dear son. 

Your very loving father. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 11, 1734. 


May it please your Lordships. — I had the honour 
of writing y"" L'^ships at large the 2*^ of last month ; since 
which I have, according to my duty to the King, and 
from a just regard to his people, been to my other gov- 
ernment of N. Hampshire, and held an Assembly & gave 
them the usual time of a sitting of an Assembly of that 
Province. Indeed, the business there is so minute that 
they may always do in a week what" is necessary for the 
Province for a whole year. And I now inclose to your 
Lordships all that past in the session, being only a few 
votes in answer to some trifling petitions -, and after I 
found they wou'd make no supply to the Treasury in 
order to the repair of the only fort in the Province, and 
of the prison, and for the payment of the publick debts, I 
determin'd to dissolve them, as inconsistent w^ith the Kings's 
honour or with the safety of his government and of his 

1734.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 157 

people to suffer such an Assembly to subsist, as I have 
mentioned in my speech. They came to a vote the 
18 of October upon the supply of the Treasury, and it 
past in the negative by 10 in 16. This the House of 
Representatives were so much asham'd of, and so much 
afraid of the people, that they wou'd not suffer the Clerk 
to enter the vote in their Journals. Thus, my Lords, is 
that poor Province naked and defenceless, both with 
respect to an enemy and to the support of law and justice, 
and it's now about four years that the Treasury has been 
empty, and poor people all this while kept out of their 
just due. How mean and how unjust has it been in the 
Assemblies, and how dishonourable to the King's govern- 
ment and authority. And the source of it all is, my Lords, 
from the Lieut Gov'' and his few adherents. And I can't 
but think it a poor game he plays in that little Province to 
do all in his power to prevent the Gov""*' succeeding with 
the Assemblies for his Majesty's honour and service and 
for the good of the people, and then to write your Lord- 
ships the Gov"" has not interest enough to do anything in 
the Province. Most certainly, my Lords, it is easier to (Jo 
mischief than to do good, but I think it a poor, mean way 
of passing life. Were it possible he wou'd before now 
have got some complaint from the people against the 
Gov'*, but I defie him and all my enemies to blot my ad- 
ministration of the government, or to say I have not done 
every thing in my power to support his Majesty's honour 
and to promote the good and prosperity of his people. 
And were ColP Dunbar out of that Province, it wou'd be 
in perfect peace and serenity. But I don't believe any 
place ever will be where he has the least power. Upon his 
further application to me about the King's woods, I held 
a Council at N. Hampshire, and now cover to your Lord- 
ships what past in that affair. I have not heard from 
him what has been done in consequence of my last war- 
rant. But when he found the first did not take effect in 


the manner he desired from the justices, he might have 
sent it to any other of the King's justices, conformable to 
my proclamation issued in May last. I have now, my 
Lords, made seven journies to N. Hampshire, which have 
cost me upwards of 800 <£, to bring that people to a sense 
of their duty to the King and of their own happiness. 
And notwithstanding the difficulties I have met with I 
intend to make another journey thither this winter, 
hoping they may come to see the absolute necessity of 
their doing their duty. 

Agreeable to what I wrote your Lordships, I did upon 
the application of ^P Wentworth and M' Atkinson order 
the Secry to administer the oaths to them to be of his 
Majesty's Council, tho' they have been and are the 
greatest opposers of the publick safety and justice. The 
Assembly of the Massachusetts is to meet the next week, 
and I shall in the whole of their session do the utmost in 
my power for advancing the King's honour and interest 
and the welfare of his good people, and shall duly trans- 
mit to your Lordships the acco* of their proceedings. I 
am, with great respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obed' and most hum^ serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov 12, 1734. 


HoN^''^ Sir, — I have lying before me yours of 1, 8, 
& 11 inst\ The first letter to old H. answered what I 
intended. As to J — th — m, he is as ^ve settled it. The 
poor old creature at the island is still more insignificant, 
and H — sk is as he is. So we are in a fine pickle. 

Taff by my letters to 10 Sept'' at London has nothing 
now in his favour. Agreed that he is one of the vilest 
that cou'd come out of the bottomless pit, and yet I some- 
times think it's better to be plagued with him here than 


elsewhere^, tho' by my last advices he dare not go home, 
and they are sick of his complaints. The first letter of 
the Exeter justices was certainly upon the board with the 
rest, but it's not material. As to the outrage on Greely, 
I think the judge here wou'd do him justice. 

I thank you for the papers and their duplicates, which 
went forward yesterday to London. I return Sancho's 
letter, and inclose you four more, which you'll read and 
return with what I must say to H. & J. ; and is it worth 
while to make any answer to Don and the Justices ? 
To the latter I think 'twou'd be too much condesension, 
tho' they are impudent rogues. And to what purpose 
will it be to keep a correspondence with t'other, tho' I 
know I cou'd sting him? As to the Hemp Bank, they 
are all wild, and it will be a bank of wind. 

I am still more of the mind to address Sir R W. and D. 
of N. C. with respect to Taff, if you can accomplish two 
such petitions wisely, and I wou'd back 'em with all my 
strength and power ; but I say it must be done wisely and 
secretly, and if it cannot be put in practice I am afraid 
points will be carried against us. What think you about 
the next Assembly, will it be good or bad ? Can we get 
Leavit * in the place of Humdrum ? t and can we make 
Millet $ speaker, and King Clerk and Recorder? This 
wou'd be good. I hope to see you again in February, if 
can judge it may be to purpose. I am, Hon^^ Sir, 

Your friend and serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Nov 14, 1734. 

Tell Russell I hear nothing of my perry. He must go 
to Dennet, and buy me a hb^ of Harveys and a t>b^ of 
spice apples, and send all F Jo Jackson, if he can. 


* Probably Moses Leavitt, who was elected to the House of Kepresentatives from Strat- 
ham in 1744, as successor to Andrew Wiggin. — Eds. 

t Andrew Wiggin, member for Stratham, and Speaker of the House of Representatives. 
■- Eds. 

X Capt. Thomas Millet, one of the Representatives for Dover. — Eds. 



My dear Son, — I wrote you very largely T Homans, 
who saild the 14 inst*^, and I have since rec'd your dutifull 
and pleasing letters of Sept^ 20, 24, Ocf^ 1 & 5, ^ Eagle- 
stone and Maxwell. Your grandmother and mother 
thank your duty in the presents of cheese and nutts and 
for the fine case of spoons, &c., for the tea table. As to 
the Tamworth affair, I heartily wish it may take effect. 
Read again what I said about it 7 Aug. last f Gary, and 
what I have wrote since. Inclosed is my answer to M'' 
Crossland. I think it is easy for him to see, and so it 
must be for the whole borrough, how much it will be for 
their interest to choose you their represen"''^ for I shall 
then make it one of my constant cares to incourage the 
increase of their manufactures in this Province and else- 
where, and if I hear you are chosen I hope to send a sett 
of fresh orders in the spring. It's certainly best to say 
nothing to S'' R. W. or E. W., but get Lord Weymouth's 
interest if you can, and go down some few days before the 
election, and live handsomJy and obligingly. The quali- 
fication must come out of the conveyance I have sent 
you ; and the money for the expence I hope you will be 
trusted with by Bellamy, Marshal or some other friend 
till I can get a good remitt'''' to your uncle, which I am 
laying out for every way in the world, and hope soon 
to accomplish. If you succeed let it be inserted in the 
prints (as T inclosed slip), and let me know it as soon 
as possible. As things are so well prepared phaps the 
expence mayn't be much ; but I say do all things on your 
part handsomly. Say to your uncle I intirely approve 
your residing at your University three months at least 
every year, sometimes in the study of the Civil Law and 
sometimes of algebra, &c. Besides the advantage it may 
give you of familiarizing and increasing your acquaint- 

1734.] TO J0:N'ATHAN BELCHER, JR. 161 

ance, and some time or other of getting a Fellowship. 
This I now confirm to your uncle, nor do I think the ex- 
pence wou'd be more than to spend your vacations at the 
Temple, where I am sure it wou'd be much less to y'^ 

You'll give Lord Westmoreland and Sir R. Clark my 
letters, and divide the two tubs of spruce & firr trees be- 
tween 'em and the W of scarlet acorns I now send T 
Bennet. I doubt not but in time you'll get to be of our 
Corporation, which will do you honour. Let the Lord 
Chancellor and the Chief Justice have their letters, and 
present the candles from me, in which I see no sort of 
impropriety, whatever it might be from you. The affair 
of my picture is all over. It's well I am satisfied, and it's 
rec'd here by people of comon manners & humanity 
with great respect. The copper plate you may do wdth 
as you please. I again agree your instructions under the 
great Dickens (to whom make my best regards and most 
hum^ service acceptable) wdll be of singular advantage in 
your chancery practice. So soon as I have leisure to 
give you my more nice (than wise) directions for a new 
seal you shall have them. I am glad you are come to so 
judicious a resolution about your appearance at the barr, 
& have compared your answers with the Judge's and the 
Advocate's ingenious letters to you, and I own they do 
you honour and which those gent° acknowledge with a 
loud voice. And pray. Sir, for your own future advan- 
tage keep steady to their advices and your own present 
wise resolution. And I w^ou'd rouse and confirm you 
therein by sounding in your ears the charming musick of 
the great name Wearg, Wearg.^ 

As to a Master's degree at Oxford don't forget it, but 
come at it as soon as you can and as easy as you can. I 
have a letter to answer T next ship to my Lord of Lon- 
don, when I'll mention it to him, and at same time to 

« See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. p. 168. — Eds. 


M'' Newman. I must also write my good and great Lord 
Townshend T next ship, and you must make him a visset 
as tlie least tribute of gratitude you can pay for your 
father. His fine qualities are to be found in few such 
personages. I am glad to see you have rec'd the little 
book M" Fanuill sent you and the fine Rule of Life you 
took out of it. Read it often. There are a great many 
good maxims in it. Firmness and fortitude of mind are 
necessary in every difficult affiiir. I am now in an un- 
coiiion hurry, the Assembly being just met ; but I shall 
write you a particular letter T the next in answer to 
yours of 24 Sept^ In, the mean time your uncle & you 
must take care to prevent any thing taking place to my 
prejudice respecting D — nb — r. You have a true notion 
of him out of Addison. That's all the wretch's merit. 
He has not the least shadow of claim to an iota of my 
salary, or to an increase of power, as you'll see by the papers 
I have sent. But I'll weigh yours of 24 Sepf", and write 
your uncle and you upon it very soon. A letter from 
Secy Popple to contradict the vile reports I wrote you 
of wou'd do good service. I knew it was impossible in 
the nature of the thing. Make my best compliments of 
gratitude to your father and mother Tench for their great 
goodness to their new son, whom I conjure by all the 
bonds I have upon you to be very dutifull to such kind 
parents, and my sense of their favour to you, I will ask 
their leave to express in a letter very soon.^ Every body 
that loves you gives me a pleasure which they cou'd not 
do any other way. 

Some pickl'd pork and salt fish shall go to you in 
March or April next, and I will take care they be choice 
good. D"" Colman thanks you and is much pleased 
with your letter. Pray, of what place is the Rev^ M' 
Auchmuty made a Dean ? You are good in sending the 

* Apparently Captain Trench and his wife were merely friends of Jonathan Belcher, Jr., 
while he lived in their neighborhood at Little Chelsea. See post, p. 484. — Eds. 

1734.] TO FRAlSrCIS WILKS. 163 

publick prints, which (as I formerly observed) do me ser- 
vice and honour. Let your uncle write me all the round 
about ways he can this winter. I shall expect the King's 
leave for taking my bread as soon as you can get it. I 
have a great deal more to say, especially about the Naval 
Office of this Province. The present incumbent was with 
me last week to tell me he was going home, I suppose to 
get a patent, if he can ; but you must all look out sharp 
and prevent his being fixt in that place. It's worth more 
than 1200£ a year, this money, and a fine thing for your 
Brother Lyde, and I will very soon write my letters 
about getting him a patent for it. I have a great deal 
more to say, but can only add at present that I am, as 
always, dear Jon% 

Your father, in the most affectionate manner. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov^ 26, 1734. 


My worthy Friend, — By the last ships I have a 
letter from my good brother M'' Partridge (who has been 
a constant kind father to my son at the Temple) and 
I inclose you a paragraj)h of it that gives me much thot 
and concern. You are well acquainted with this young 
gent™, and the steps I have taken in his education, and 
that my design is (if he lives and proves capable) to have 
him become knowing and make some figure in the pro- 
fession he has chosen, to which end I hope he will be- 
grutch no pains, nor wou'd I any reasonable charge ; and 
after all this if he shou'd make a false step in the affair 
of matrimony it may be irretreivable and dash all my 
hopes and his care and industry. This, therefore, being 
a thing of great moment with respect to his future com- 
fort in life, I wou'd pray you. Sir, to read with the most 


sedate attention what my brother has wrote on this head 
and I now inclose. I must confess to you I cannot gather 
from it whether the lady has the qualifications I think 
necessary to make a man happy in a married state. It is 

She is daughter to a gent™ that in joys a place of 
1000£ a year under the K — g. He has besides 2 
sons & another daughter, but may pay this 2000£ at 
marriage. Is fond of her, and may be w^illing to let 
her and her husband live wdtli him for some time. 
And the young lady is of a sutable age and enjoys 
a pretty place of 300£ a year under the Qu — n. 
So far all is well, but I want to be resolved in the follow- 
ing questions. Whether she be one of strict vertue ? 
of good temper ? of reasonable good sense ? of an 
agreeable person ? a good oeconomist ? 
Not fond of the pleasures of a Court life, or of the 
play house, Bath, Tunbridge, &c. ? 
For unless these queries can be answered in her favour, 
altho' her fortune were much more than is mentioned, 
I neither dare nor w^ou'd sacrifice my son to her or to 
that; and I say good nature is one of the first things 
to be regarded in order to make a man happy in that 
honourable state. As my dear son has never capitally 
offended me in any thing, you will forgive my just soUi- 
citude for his future welbeing in this article and the way 
and manner which I am oblig'd (at this distance) to 
take of informing myself in order to judge rightly for 
him. Let me then, Sir, conjure you by all the sacred 
tyes of friendship to make the most cnrefull and par- 
ticular inquiry you can of what my brother has repre- 
sented and of what I have mentioned, and w^iicli I think, 
much more material upon this extraordinary occasion, 
and I again conjure you to be very frank and open in 
giving me the most ample account you can of all things 
relating to this young lady. You may doubtless some 

1734.] TO FRANCIS WILKS. 165 

way or other at the Court end of the town easily learn 
what to write me. I personally know the father,* and I 
think he is a particular acquaintance of Gov"" Shute's, of 
whom you may make some mquiry. After all, my son 
is too young, and I am first and mostly inclined he shou'd 
reclusely pursue his studies for 5 or 6 years to come that 
he may hope to practice the law with honour. I say this 
wou'd please me rather than any other thing he can 
possibly turn his tho'ts to, and to marry at 30 in my 
opinion wou'd be better than five and twenty ; yet as he 
behaves with the duty I justly expect from him, if all 
things on a thorro' inquiry be found agreeable, I wou'd 
go from my more fixt opinion (if you so advise) to gratifie 
him. You will please, Sir, to be very free with me, and 
to keep the matter as a dead secret, and as much as 
possible conceal from every mortal the reason of your 
inquiry, and above all things, save mine and my son's 
name, and favour me with an answer as soon as you 
can. Your transacting this matter in your wonted pru- 
dence will be such a piece of friendship as will bind 
me, and bind him, to the strictest gratitude, & I am, 
truly. Sir, 

Your assured friend & most obed* serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov 27, 1734. 

Say nothing to my bro"" or son or to any body else of 
w* I write. 

(Bennet.) Same to Bellamy, Coram, Newman. 

* The father's name was probably Powell. Under date of December 13, Governor 
Belcher wrote to "Mr. Powell": "I well remember I had the pleasure of dining with 
M"" Powell (in compa with ColU Shute) once at the Gloster and again at the King's Head in 
Pall Mall, 3^et I shou'd not take the freedom, nor give you a trouble of the nature I noAv do, 
but that I have lately rec'd a letter from my son, M"^ Belcher of the Middle Temple, giving 
me an account of your civility to him some months ago at Richmond Palace, and that you 
had mentioned his father with respect." See post, p. 480. — Eds. 



Sir, — I have yours "F the carrier and T the post of 25 

& 9 u\V. I wrote the old ^ last post. If the family 

are uneasy I can't help it, nor can I be a slave to such an 

ignorant, jealous old . If you cou'd tell me where 

to lodge with tolerable reputation, and to pay for it, I had 
rather do it 1000 times, and then I shall be at perfect 
freedom to do as I please with myself and with every 
thing else. I dare by no means trust any thing to Sir 
E. W. to be manag'd in the manner you mention. So 
we must all trust Providence which seldom gives a crop 
to those that don't sow, and perhaps we may be sorry to 
find points carried which by proper efforts might have 
been prevented. I have a letter from home of an extra- 
ordinary nature respecting N. Hampshire which I wanted 
to read to you before I answered it. But since I must not 
see you here, I must do as well as I can, and phaps may 
do what you mayn't like when I come to talk with you. 
My next journey depends on the advice of yourself and 
my other friends, so you had best consider and act wisely. 
Everything is well at Whitehall, but I have nothing par- 
ticular for subject of discourse. Guts t is a fool if he 
thinks he has any promise ; for I'll not be oblig'd to serve 
those whose young vipers wou'd return it with their 
stings. No, they must be more modest before that mat- 
ter is bro't to bear. 

We have a very loving Assembly, and the Gov'"'^ speech 
(I beleive) will produce some good things. The old 
Toper is weaker than simple water boiP and grown cool 
again ; and his fiery mate Shove is at present confin'd 
with illness, his wife & children turn'd Quakers, and, they 
say, have frighten'd him into the same madness. I have 

* Henry Sherburne. — Eds. 

t 1st Odiorne. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknnp. 


sign'd the comission and dedimus, and desire the Hon^^^ 
Jotham Odiorne^ Esq""'" name may be put in for the Special 
Judge. I wish my head mayn't ach till At — k — s — n's 
Collector. The P — stm — t — r ^ and young Dick t went 
away last week. I have treated 'em distantly and coolly 
since their being here, for I will not bear disrespect in 
word or deed from those to whom I give bread, and to 
these I have been very kind. If B — n — ng gets the 
40,000 dollars, he'll set up coach & six. I am, Hon^^^ 


Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Decern'^ 2, 1734. 



Mat it please your Honour, — About twelve months 
ago arrived here from London M"" Benj*" Pemberton of this 
town, with his Majesty's order to me to appoint him 
Naval Officer in this Province, which place I had some, 
time before given to a gent"" that married my only 
daughter, by whom he has a family of children, and 
really wants that place for his necessary support. How- 
ever, according to my duty, I immediatly obey'd the 
King's comand, and gave Pemberton a comission for the 
place. But I wou'd now humbly beg of S"" Robert Wal- 
pole that I may expostulate and lay before him the great 
hardship upon me in this case ; and first of all, to say, 
that M'' Pemberton has not the least colour of justice to 
lay claim to any such favour from his Majesty, for all the 
merit he pretends to was having a vessel seized and taken 
from him by the French at Cape Breton, of which, may 
it please your Honour, I am well inform'd he had not the 
least reason to complain, being ingaged there in a clan- 
destine trade, and it wou'd be well for the fair trader that 

* Ellis Huske. — Eds. t Richard Wibird. — Eds. 


all men concern' d in such illegal practices might find the 
same discouragnient. But I understand he was so impe- 
tuous at the French Court and then in England that he 
obtain'd the order he bro't me. This, Hon^^^ Sir, I have 
all the reason in the world to beleive is the real truth of 
the matter as to the man. And then as to mj^self, let 
me beseech your Honour to hear me while I say his 
Majesty's royal coinission for the government of this 
Province makes me at the same time the Naval Officer, 
in conformity to several statutes of Charles 2^. and Wil- 
liam 3'^ where the Gov'', and he only, is intrusted and 
answerable for every thing transacted in that office, and 
that upon severe pains & penalties in case of any failure ; 
and I have besides a whole body of instructions from his 
Majesty respecting the Acts of Trade, where the King 
thro' the course and tenour of 'em looks on me as Naval 
Officer, and indeed, Sir, this is the only place of profit in 
the government that is absolutely in the Gov'^'^ gift, and 
when the vast trouble and difficulty I have undergone 
from my arrival to the government is considered in sup- 
port of his Majesty's honour and interest, I think I may 
hope for S'' Robert's favour in being restored to the power 
of this office. I am more particularly under great hard- 
ships at this day with respect to my support. 
In that the Assembly will not pay it agreeable to the 

King's instruction, nor can I receive it from year to 

year but by special leave. 
But am oblig'd to spend my salary twelve mo's before 

I may receive it. 
So, from year to year I sink in my own fortune the 

interest of my salary. 
Besides being at a constant considerable charge in soUi- 

citing for leave. 
And while a year passes in asking and obtaining leave, 

I run the risque of losing a whole year's salary in 

case of my mortality, for the Assemblies here are so 


capricious that shou'd I dye between solliciting and 
getting the leave I shou'd not expect they wo'd ever 
renew such grant to my family. 
And what is still, Sir, a greater hardship than all these is 
the constant falling of the bills of credit in which 
they pay all their publick grants and debts, that the 
grant of 3000£ the Assembly made to the King's 
Gov"" seven years ago was then worth near <£1000 
sf, but is not now worth £600. 
Thus, Sir, I am crampt every way while I am strictly 
and steadily discharging my duty to the King. How 
hard then is it to take away from me the only good per- 
quisite of my whole government, and to take bread 
out of the mouths of my own children, and give it to 
a stranger, and to one who is the most obnoxious and 
unaccept'' to the country in general and to the trade in 
particular that cou'd possibly have been put into the 
office ! Upon all these considerations, Hon^^*" Sir, I again 
beg of you that I may have this office restored to me, 
and that it might be by a patent to the gent"" that mar- 
ried my only daughter, M"" Byfield Lyde, who is a young 
man wdth a numerous family of children and wants it, 
and M"" Pemberton has neither chick nor child in the 
world. And as this office has no salary annext to it, and 
so carries no money from the royal exchequer, but the 
only support of it is from the fees of the trade here, 
I would humbly hope my son might have the patent to 
run durante vita. I have order'd M'' Belcher of the Temple 
to pay his duty to your Honour, and pray he may be 
admitted into your presence to deliver this into your 
hands, and to plead in his father's behalf for the grant of 
this favour to my family, while I can also most humbly 
assure you that the yearly grants of the Assembly do not 
make £600. Nor are all the perquisites of the governm* 
besides w^orth fifty guineas a year, that I can hardly bring 
the year about with the whole income of the government. 



I have the honour to be, with all possible duty and regard, 
Hon'^^ Sir, 

Your most obedient, most faithfull & most devoted 
serv'. J. B. 

Boston, Dec" 3, 1734. 

(Baker. White.) Same to D. X. Castle, E. Wilmington, M^ H. 



S^, — It is now better than a fortnight since I rec'd 
yours of 7 Ocf" past in which you acquaint me with my 
son's new inclination to marry, which has given me much 
concern, and I have been revolving the matter in my 
mind in order to give you the most reasonable answer I 
can, upon an affair that once consummated must render 
him easy and happy, or marr and destroy all his future 
comfort. I say it is a grand article in life that ought to 
be transacted with all the caution, prudence, and wisdom 
a man is capable of, or can learn from his best friends, 
because nothing less than death can undo it when done. 
I am sorry he cannot be satisfied and patient for some 
years longer without ingaging in what must necessarily 
load him with a great variety of cares, and divert him 
from the main business to which I have devoted him. 
However, I desire you, and I desire him, to set down and 
read the many letters I have wrote him on the head of 
matrimony, more particularly that of Aug"' 14, 1732, and 
consider whether my tho'ts are not well digested. And I 
had still much rather he shou'd shut himself up in a garret 
for some years, and set before his eyes the late great 
Lord Somers, Cowper, Lechmere, King, and Raymond, 
with How and Wearg and the present Chancellor and 
Chief Justice, and try hard to be worthy at least to carry 
their trains. Considering the way of life he has chose, 


which requires such great and constant study to become 
eminent, I think thirty a much better age than five and 
twenty for him to marry, for altho' he might marry now 
to advantage considering his present circumstances, yet, 
if it pleases God to preserve his vertue and to increase 
his diligence, he may doubtless marry hereafter to his 
much greater advantage. 

And now I will more particularly reply to what you 
have laid before me. 

You say the young lady my son has at present his tho'ts 

upon, — is daughter to the Clerk of the King's 

Catery (a place of 1000 £ a y"^). He has the 

K — ng's ear, &c. ; has four children ; is fond of this, 

and may pay her at marriage (or not) 2000 £. She 

is housekeeper to the Queen with 300 £ a year ; 

is 21 years old. When marries, the father may give 

her and the husband (as we say) the run of the 

kitchen for some years. So far all is well. 

Yet I can't gather from what you say whether she 

has the qualifications necessary to make a man happy 

in matrimony. But to know this I must pray you (after 

the most carefull inquiry and sedate consideration) to give 

me a particular answer to the following queries : 

Whether she be, of strict vertue ? good temper ? 
reasonable good sense ? good oeconomy ? not a coquet ? 
not fond of a Court life ? or of the play house ? 
Bath, Tunbridge, &c. ? 
And unless you can answer these in her favour, were 
her fortune and circumstances vastly greater, I neither 
dare nor wou'd sacrifice my son to her or to that, and I 
say again good nature is one of the first things to be re- 
garded in order to make a man happy in the hon^^® state 
of marriage. Loving bro'', as I have been at great care 
& cost in the education of my dear son, who has never 
offended me in any material point, the gent"", the father, 
the young lady, you and my son must all forgive me the 


great sollicitucle I have for his future well-being in so 
grand a change of life, and my conjuring you by all the 
sacred tyes of friendship to give me the most free and 
ample answer to what I have suggested, which you may 
doubtless learn to do at the Court end of the town. I 
personally know the father, and din'd with him 2 or 3 
times at the Court end of the town, in comp'' with Gov'' 
Shute, of whom you may get some knowledge in the 
matter. Yet by all means conceal my name and my 
son's in the inquiry as much as possible. But it wou'd 
grieve me, it wou'd grieve me, phaps more than I can 
express, if thro' the temptation of money, or of estab- 
lishing my interest, or thro' any other weak or unlawfull 
consideration, I should throw away a son I love so well. 
No, I think I can solemnly appeal to the Searcher of all 
Hearts, and say I had much rather lose the government 
than be accessory to the destroys the comfort of my son's 

Upon the whole my conclusion is thus : since my son 
behaves with such a duty as I cou'd wish, I am the more 
inclin'd to gratifie him in every reasonable thing he can 
ask, and am willing particularly in this article to depart 
from my more fixt opinion (if finally you so advise), and 
to consent to his marrying, and even to this young lady, 
if you can give me a satisfactory answer in the points I 
have mentioned, tho' I must tell you a Court wife for 
him does not so well sute with my solid judgment (if I 
may be allowed to form such an one) as a sober vertuous 
woman from the city, and if he shou'd marry now, or a 
year or two hence, I wish he cou'd love one of the young 
ladies of the gent"" at Rohampton (he knows who I mean),* 
and that it might be probable for him to succeed there. 
Yet after all I will not confine or force his inclination ; 
but let him read this letter, and let me know yours and 
his answer as soon as you can. I know not what more 

* One of the daughters of Samuel Holden. — Eds. 


to say, save that I commit you, him, and the whole affair 
to the direction and blessing of Almighty God, and 
remain, Sir, 

Your lov bro. J. B. 

Boston, Dec" 5, 1734. 


Gent", — I have already wrote you T this convey^ at 
large to do all in your power for regaining to me and 
my family the only profitable perquisite to my commis- 
sion in this government, which is the Naval Office, for 
which I hope you will get a patent for my son Lyde, 
who injoy'd it till I was obliged to take it from him and 
give it to a stranger. This now comes as a particular 
answer to J. B's of 24 Sepf, of which I have thought a 
great deal, and it is very hard to give bread out of my 
own mouth to feed a creature that is constantly endeav- 
ouring to cut my throat. However, upon a full consid- 
eration of all that past with M"" Popple, to shew my 
readiness to peace, I am willing to come into the follow- 
ing terms, provided ColP Bl — d — n will take upon him 
to be security for D — nb — r ; and I wou'd first promise 
that considering the handsome manner in which I got 
the salary setled, and so exactly to the King's instruc- 
tion (and not in the low way M"" Burnet did it) I say 
there is not the least colour of claim to be made on 
me for an iota of it ; yet I say I am willing he should 
enjoy a third part of it on these terms from 25 Feb'' 
next, viz*. 

That Coll° Bl — d — n will kindly assist me in getting a 
patent for my son Lyde to be Naval Officer of this 
That there shall be no sort of alteration in the com- 
mand at N. Hampshire. 


That Col° Dunbar shall in all things behave himself for 
the future peaceably & respectfull}^, and sincerely 
imploy all his influence to make things easy in 
the Province, and more particularly join with the 
Gov'' in indeavouring to raise the Gov""'^ salary, and 
let it be more or less he shall always receive from 
me a third part of it, being the same part M' 
Burnet allow'd M' Wentworth. 
That ColP Bl— d— n will thro' my hands write ColP 

Dimbar binding him to these things. 
And I do then upon my faith and honour oblige myself 
to comply punctually on my part, and to avoid all 
dispute or difference, and will in all things treat 
ColP Dunbar with respect and honour. 
But it must be fully understood that I will refund no 
part of my salary or what shall become due to me 
to the 25 of Feb"" next, but this agreement to com- 
mence from that time forward. 
I am very sure upon reading and arguing the papers I 
have sent you on this afeir all his pretensions wou'd 
appear vain and frivolous ; nor can I bear to think of 
making a concession to give away my bread upon any 
other terms than I have mentioned, and I know ColP 
Bl — d — n can greatly assist with S'' R. W. and D. N. C. 
to regain me the Naval Office, of which I am more fond 
than of any thing else, and I beleive he will not think 
it reasonable to take away the profits of the govern- 
ment from me in all articles. 

Pray give my service to M"^ Popple, and tell him I am 
inclin'd to forget every thing that's past, and to live in 
a good friendship with Coll° Dunbar for the future if he 
gives no new provocation. Thus you have my full answer 
to J. B's of 24 Sept^ I am, Sirs, 

Yours, &c. J. B. 

Boston, Dec^ 6, 1734. 

(Baker. White.) 



May it please youk Lordship, — I have lately rec'd 
the honour of yours of 24 Sepf past, respecting your 
Lordship's Comissary, M'' Price, who did indeed imbark 
here for London in May last, but the ship in which he 
was a passenger running aground in the harbour pre- 
vent"^ her putting to sea the day she came under sail, and 
M"" Price alter'd his mind and return'd ashore, and upon 
some concessions he made to the congregation they re- 
ceived him again as minister of the church here call'd 
King's Chappel. For the reasons I wrote your Lordship 
some years ago I have no acquaintance with M'' Price, 
nor do I desire any till T find he has more manners and 
comes and practices his duty to the King's Gov^ But 
when I attend the C^^ of England it is commonly at 
Christ's C^'^, whereof D'' Cutler is minister. Upon the rec't 
of your L'^ship's letter I made what inquiry I prudently 
cou'd, and can't find M'' Price has any intention at pre- 
sent of going for England ; so your L^ship will not have 
the occasion of appointing another Comissary. Yet since 
your L'^ship is pleased to do me the honour of asking my 
tho'ts in the affair, I will be free to say that I think the 
Rev*^ D'' Cutler, the present incumbent of Christ's C^^, is 
the best qualified person that I can think of to serve 
your L'^ship in that capacity when a vacancy may happen. 
He is a gent™ of good learning, and of a good life, and of 
a good age to conduct the rest of the clergy here. Yet 
your L'^ship will allow me to say that if the Docf" was 
more moderate in some hierarchy cal principles he wou'd 
be better able to serve and increase the Church in this 
country, for the people here who have been originally 
planted and bro't up in another way may be drawn but 
will not be driven. 

I wou'd humbly beg leave further to represent to my 


good Lord of London that what is comonly call'd here 
the King's Chappel is not so, for the minister is chose 
by the people. But were it really the King's Chappel it 
woii'd fall under his Majesty's advowson and presenta- 
tion ; but by the best account I can learn, the matter, my 
Lord, is thus, — the c^^ in this town call'd the King's 
Chappel is so call'd by a common and vulgar mistake ; 
it being the first c^'^ set up in the Province some persons 
that were the principal promoters of it complimented it 
with the name of King's Chappel as they might have 
done with any other they had judg'd proper, that I think 
with deference to your Lordship there is no necessity of 
being confin'd in a Coiiiissary to be a minister of the c^^ 
call'd King's Chappel ; but that he shou'd be a minister 
of one of the c^^^ in Boston (the capital of this Prov- 
ince) may be most for the service of the Church and most 
convenient to the body of the clergy, and I again say I 
think I may name Doct'' Cutler to your Lordship as a 
gent"" of figure and good prudence, and one whom I have 
reason to beleive wou'd be to the o-ood likino; & satisfac- 
tion of the clergy over whom he is to preside. But if 
M'" Price concludes to continue here, as I observed to your 
Lordship, you will not give yourself any further trouble 
on this head at present. 

Whenever I have the honour of addressing your L'^ship 
I must always beg leave to own with the highest sense 
of gratitude your L'^ship's favour and smiles on M"" Belcher 
of the Temple, as often as he has the honour of paying his 
duty to your Lordship, of which he talks loudly to his 
fond father. I beleive your L'^ship is knowing of his be- 
ing a Master of Arts of Trinity College in Cambridge, 
and that some time since he had his call to the barr, and 
I am told he behaves soberly & diligently. He writes 
me he is desirous to see the University of Oxford, and to 
have a Master's degree there, if it may be had without 
much charge or trouble, and asks me to pray the Bishop 


of London's favour in a letter to the Dean of Christ's 
C^"", from which he thinks he might hope for success in 
such an apphcation. Let me then humbly beg this as a 
further instance of your L**ship's taking this young gent°^ 
into your protection, and I hope I may become his secu- 
rity that he will at no time dishonour any countenance 
your L^ship is pleased to show him. 

I pray your L*^ship to find out some way whereby 
I may demonstrate with how great respect & esteem 
I am, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull and most obedient serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Dec' 9, 1734. 


Dear Jonathan, — Cap* Baker being detain'd to this 
day gives me the opportunity of covering to you the in- 
closed letters, of w^hich you will take the needfull care, 
more especially of those to D. of N. Castle & L"^' of Trade, 
which I think must do your father honour and strengthen 
him in the government. For let D — nb — r and all his myr- 
midons say what they please, it's not possible for me to 
do more for the King's service in this affair of the Royal 
Woods than I have constantly done, and it may be w^ell 
to put my message to the Assembly & their answer into 
some of the London prints. 

Get your degree at Oxford when you best can. If all 
I have sent for my defence ag"' D — nb — r shou'd be 
judg'd insufficient for success, but that I must fall into 
the concession, take care my prseliminaries be comply'd 
with, and that Bl — d — n's letter to him comes open to me, 
or that I have a copy of it. My first condition about the 
Naval Office I am most of all fond to accomplish, and I 
know Bl — d — n can do a great deal to facilitate it. 



Pemberton intends to be going hence for London in 
about a fortnight; so your uncle and you must be very 
brisk about the patent I have mentioned. The interest 
of my family as well as my honour is greatly concern'd 
in that thing. Bl — d — n must order D — nb — r to write 
me a handsome letter in case things are compromised. 1 
sny, he must be first in the condescention ; for as I am 
the King's Gov"" I must have a great regard to my honour. 

I shou'd be much pleas'd to hear you was so inclin'd, 
and that there was a tolerable prospect of your obtain- 
ing one of Gov"" Holden's daughters. I cou'd then frankly 
consent. Think of it, Jon'', and talk with ]\T Morton 
about it. I understand you are a favourite of the old 
lady, which may go a great way. My love to your 
uncle, to whom I shall write by White in a few days, and 
I am industriously endeavouring after the bills I have 
promist him. I am 

Your lov^ father. J. B. 

Boston, Dec 9, 1734. 
(White. Surrey.) 


HoN^^'^ Sir, — Your obliging fav'' of the 19 of Nov^ 
came to hand the 30 ip the post, and I shou'd have an- 
swer'd it before this but that the General Assembly here 
has kept me in full imploy. I thank you for the sample 
of silk, which I believe is the first produc'd in English 
America. If it were possible to send me a slip of 2 
inches wide and 3 inches long from some part of your 
wastcoat out of sight, and that might not hurt it, and at 
same time to write me the whole process of your raising 
it from the worm to the piece of silk, I wou'd send it for- 
ward to the R" Ilon^^^ the Lords of Trade & Plantations. 

* Deputy-Governor of Connecticut. He was born at IMilford, Conn., Aup:. 6, 1674 ; 
graduated at Harvard College in 1G95 ; and died at Milford, Nov. 6, 1750. — Eds. 

1734.] TO THE LOKDS OF TEADE. 179 

We have (as you observe) a country capable of all the 
necessaries & comforts of life, cou'd the people be stirr'd 
up to greater industry and that to be well pointed. I 
perfectly agree with you that it is our great misfortune 
to have expos' d ourselves to the King & his Ministry, as 
well as to his Parliament, and I have good reason to be- 
heve the imprudent controversies carried on in this Prov- 
ince against the Crown may have been the foundation of 
the difficulties that seem now to be hanging over all the 
English Colonies. The prerogative of the Crown and 
the just rights & privileges of the people may doubtless 
be compatibly maintain'd, nor can it be the wisdom of a 
dependent handfull of people to strain things with their 
mighty superiours. I am, Sir, 

Your Hon'''' most obed* hum^ serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Dec^ 23, 1734. 


My Lords, — I had the honour of writing your Lord- 
ships the 14 curr*, principally upon the head of incourag- 
ing the raising of hemp in this Province, for which there 
is now a bill depending in the Assembly agreeable to what 
I recoihended to them at the opening of this session, and 
in which I have great hopes of succeeding. I now inclose 
to your Lordships the Journals of the House of Rep*'''^' from 
the time I last sent them. I intend the Court shall rise in 
a day or two ; shall then write your Lordships what may 
be further needfull, and have now only to repeat my re- 
quest to your Lordships, that you wou'd interpose your 
kind offices with his Majesty for a present to the poor 
farmers of this country of a thousand bushels of choice 
Riga hempseed. The people here are well disposed to go 
upon the raising of hemp, to which this climate & soil are 
natural enough. But it cannot be done to any great pur- 

180 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734-5. 

pose for a great while to come without a good stock of 
seed to set forward, and if I am well inform'd the whole 
Province cannot furnish two hundred bushels for the next 
season, and were it to be had the people that must use it 
are so poor as that they are not able to purchase it, and 
methinks it's pity a design that wou'd so assist the royal 
navy shou'd prove abortive ; and altho' a thousand bushels 
of seed wou'd be no great cost, yet it wou'd be esteem'd 
a great instance of his Majesty's goodness and favour to 
the poor people here, and I wou'd take care to distribute 
it in such a manner as I cou'd judge wou'd do the most 
service ; and I shou'd think it wou'd answer to the ad- 
vantage of the Crown if half a doz. men well skill'd in 
raising and dressing hemp were sent hither to instruct 
our farmers ; and for the Parliament to add to these things 
a good bounty on what might be bro't to the market in 
Great Britain I believe wou'd in a few years draw good 
quantities of hemp from this Province. Mr. Belcher 
will wait on your L'^ships, and be glad to recieve your 
comands in this affair. I am, with great respect, my 

Your Lordships' most obed* & most hum^ serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Dec 31, 1734. 

(Nicholson. Holmes.) 


My dear Son, — I wrote you 13 ult' T White, & we 
are now in little expectation of any thing from G* Britain 
till the spring. I am greatly concern'd about the Naval 
Office, in which your brother Lyde has been so basely 
supplanted by B. P., who sails the next week for London 
in Ducket, to get a patent for it, if possible he can ; but 
I hope your uncle, M"" Wilks, and you will have got one 
before his arrival. It's a fine place worth more than I 


am willing to mention, and wou'd be a comfortable sup- 
port for your bro Lyde's family. Leave no stone unturn'd 
to get it j & before B. P.'' arrival it will be more easily 
done. I don't know what further to say in the matter. 
But it will be a great honour to me and to you, as well 
as one of the finest posts in this government, if you can 
gain it, and I think I have fiU'd your mouth with argum*^ 
on this head. 

When you have read my letter to M'' Wilks W this 
conveyance you will see what past in this Assembly at 
their last sitting, which has been one of the most quiet 
for 18 years past. Cook is shrunk into an old In- 
dian squaw. D — m — r "^ takes pains to get Wilks out of 
his agency, but the Gov'''® interest is so good with the As- 
sembly that nothing of that nature will be done. I think 
the getting of an act for establishing so large a bounty on 
the raising of hemp must give me considerable credit and 
honour with the Ministry, who have recomended it hither 
so often as a thing of vast advantage to the Crown, but 
never cou'd get it done. Indeed the country is now so 
easy that the Assembly are ready to do almost any thing 
I propose to 'em. I have got M"" Wilks a grant of £500 
sf" and of £800 this mo. I wish you cou'd prevail with 
the Lords of Trade to get from the King as a present 
to the Province a thousand bushels of choice East 
Country hempseed, & that you might have the honour 
of consigning it by a bill of lading , in j^our name to 
the Gov% to be distributed to the farmers, according to 
his discretion. I say, this wou'd give me, and give you, 
great honour and. reputation in the country, and the cost 

* Jeremiah Dummer, who was then in England. Under date of January 6, Governor Bel- 
cher wrote to Mr. Wilks: " There were clubs & cabals held once and again to endeavour the 
removing the Agent, or at least to send some body from hence to be join'd with him. Coll" 
W. D — d — 1 — y & S. W — d — o were mentioned, and the former, I am told, is put upon it 
by letters from your friend D — m — r at home, who is very angry with you notwithstand his 
complaisant vissets, and a gent™ lately from your side the water says he can't brook the 
tho't of your succeeding him in Connecticut and in this Province. You know him, and your 
prudence will make you cautious." See also 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi, p. 516. — Eds. 

182 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734-5. 

wou d not be more than the trifle of £250 st% and for 
want of seed the Province will be crainpt for some years 
in raising hemp. Industriously plye the Lords of Trade, 
and trye what you can do in this article, which will be 
vastly to the service of the Crown. Were seed to be had 
here the poor farmers are not really able to buy it. 

I have lately wrote your uncle in answer to what you 
desired him to mention to me of your new inclination to 
marry, and really, Jon^, y^ more I think of that matter 
the less I am pleas'd with it, and shall depend you do not 
make any advances that you cannot honourably retract, 
without my special leave. If the affair cou'd be bro't 
about with one of Gov'' Holden's young ladies to content 
on all sides, I cou'd readily say Amen. I shall write you 
again in a few days, and am, dear Jonathan, 

Your affect, father. J. B. 

Boston, Janu"- 6, 1734/5. 

(Nicholson. Holmes.) 


My most HONOURED LoRD, — I am asham'd and almost 
afraid to own the great honour of your Lordship's of the 15 
May last, which came to my hands the 31 July following, 
upon my return from a cruise I made with Cap* Durel in 
the Scarboro' to view the eastern coast & bounds of this 
Province. As I know any letters from me must be rather 
troublesome to your Lordship than otherwise it has made 
me the more easy in hoping for your Lordship's pardon 
that this bears so late a date ; and altho' it may give some 
pain to your Lordship to be persecuted with my letters, 
yet I am not inclin'd nor dare I be silent while I am con- 
scious of the vast load of obligations I lye under to my 
noble patron, and this last letter of your Lordship's is 

1734-5.] TO LORD TOWNSHEND. 183 

SO full of goodness & condescension as lays me under 
stronger bonds of gratitude than ever. Your Lordship's 
advice respecting the gent"" I mentioned to you is so can- 
did, frank, and sincere as is rare to be met with, nor cou'd 
any thing be kinder. Yet as I have mentioned more 
than once to S"" R. W. my hardships on that head, and 
without success, I must be content to bear 'em still, tho' 
it's hard, considering how faithfull a servant I am to the 
King, and the points I have gain'd of this people for the 
Crown : As the having a fort at Pemaquid that the Crown 
might have the better hold of that part of this Province, 
and it has been in comand from the Crown to all Gov""^ for 
near 40 years past; but no one cou'd ever get an Assem- 
bly into the charge of it till I did the last year. I also 
bro't them into paying Gov'" Burnet's heirs his arrears. 
And finally to give up a point they have contested for a 
doz. years past as to the way & manner of supplying the 
public Treasury, which is now done so as best of all to 
support the King's honour and authority in the govern- 
ment. And I have about ten days ago bro't the Assem- 
bly into a law establishing a good bounty for incouraging 
the raising of hemp, w^hich may in time be of vast service 
to the Crown by supplying the royal navy from hence, 
and to be paid for with British manufactures, instead of 
sending English crowns into the Baltick. 

I give your Lordship the trouble of the mention of 
these things that your Lordship may at all times vin- 
dicate your honour in the favour you did me of his 
Majesty's appointment of me to this governm*, where, I 
thank God, by patience and steadiness in my duty to the 
King I have at last made all things easy, and the country 
in general think themselves happy in their present Gov'", 
and so the Assembly have lately exprest themselves in an 
address to his Majesty. 

I cannot but take notice, my Lord, with the quickest 
sense of gratitude of your Lordship's kind mention of my 

184 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734-5. 

son at the Temple, whom I have commanded to pay his 
duty to your Lordship at Raynham, as soon as he possibly 
can after he has my letters by this ship, and your Lord- 
ship will with your usual candour and goodness overlook 
any oddities or peculiarities in the young gent"", and con- 
sider he has not had the advantage of the education in 
which Britons are happy, but is one of the raw produc- 
tions of the wilds of America; and your Lordship's smiles 
on him will rejoice his heart in his great distance from 
his father, and do me, and do him, great honour. And 
Oh, my Lord, that it was possible for me to make some 
little return of all your goodness to the Hon^^® M"" Town- 
shend, who is so good as to make my house his home, and 
my eldest son (of 28 years of age) is his bedfellow and 
constant companion, and is highly pleas'd & honour'd 
therewith. And I am glad to say to your Lordship that 
M"" Townshend behav'd himself very well in the cruise I 
made in the Scarboro', and so he does constantly ashore ; 
nor do I know of any one vice he is addicted to, which is 
to be admir'd at considering the element he moves upon. 
I assure your Lordship I will set him no ill example in 
life, nor shall he want my best advices at all times to 
diligence in his duty and learning, that he may come out 
a gent™ to the honour of your Lordship, of himself, and 
of all your noble family. I tell him I hope on his arrival 
he will pass his examination for a Lieu*, and in time be 
a Cap* and have a ship for this station, where all his 
friends will be glad to see him again. Altho' I have a 
quarril with Lady Dolly for despising an old fellow's let- 
ter, yet I beg she wou'd accept of a small box of green 
wax candles I send by this ship, being the produce of a 
sweet shrub of this countr}^ we call Baj^es, and may serve 
for her own chamber, and phaps she may be so good as 
now and then to oblige your Lordship with 'em. When 
your Lordship can find a leisure idle hour at Raynham, I 
shall highly esteem a line from your Lordship, and have 


the honour to be with the highest gratitude, duty, and 
regard, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull, most devoted and most 
obed* serv*, 

J. B. 

Boston, Janu^ 7, 1734/5. 

(Nicholson. Holmes.) 


May IT PLEASE YOUR Lordships, — The constant 
acco*' I have reed in the course of the year past of the 
warr entred into by many of the princes of Europe, 
and of the great uncertainty of the part his Britannick 
Majesty might take upon these commotions, put me upon 
recoinending to the Assembly here once and again the 
necessary care of his Majesty's forts & garrisons in this 
Province, more especially that of Castle W™ (properly the 
key of this country), whereupon the Assembly has voted 
a considerable sum of money in repair and addition to 
that fortress, and as the spring advances they propose to 
go forward with the works. But as there is no person in 
this Province skill' d in fortific* it will greatly discourage 
and phaps retard a work so necessary to his Majesty's honour 
and service, as well as to the safety of this people, I have 
therefore with great deference to propose to your L'^ships 
that Maj"" Paul Mascarene, a Cap* in ColP Philips's Regi- 
ment now in garrison at Anna Polls Royal in Nova Scotia, 
who was imploy'd by the Board of Ordnance as engineer 
there for eight years together while those fortifications 
were repairing (and was then dismist from the service of 
an engineer), might now have his Majesty's leave of ab- 
sence for 18 mo', without prejudice to his rank or pay in 
the regiment to which he belongs, & have directions from 


186 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734-5. 

the Board of Ordnance to attend his Majesty's service in 
repair of his fortific'' in the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay. I say with great submission to your L*^ships, as this 
wou'd tend to his Majesty's honour and to the better de- 
fence and protection of his people, I wou'd humbly pray 
your Lordships' favour in the matter, and am, with great 
respect & duty, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obed^ and most hum serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Janu** 9, 1734/5. 


Sir, — In its due course I rec'd yours of 2 ult', with- 
out name, nor do I remember to have seen your hand- 
writing before, but upon showing the letter to my 
brother-in-law, the Hon^^^ A. Stoddard, Esq"*, he told me 
it was yours, he holding (as I understand) a correspond- 
ence with you. For this kind favour I kindly thank 
you, and had done it before, but that the late session of 
the Assembly here wholly ingrost me. I perfectly agree 
with you. Sir, that this country seems to have lost her 
first love, nor does the present generation seem to be in- 
titled to or inherit that promise made to the Church of 
God, that instead of thy fathers shall be thy children. 
No, to our humiliation and shame we may consider that 
our forefathers were an excellent sett of men, and that 
we their children have given God just reason to com- 
plain, as of his ancient covenant people : I had planted 
thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed, how then art thou 
turn'd into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me ? 
And again, he looked that it shou'd bring forth grapes, and 

* Warham Mather was the eldest son of Rev. Eleazer INIather of Northampton, -where 
he was born Sept. 7, KiOG; graduated at Harvard College in 1685: removed to New Haven, 
Conn. ; and died there Aug. 12, 1745. — Ens. 

1734-5.] TO WARHAM MATHER. 187 

it bro't forth wild grapes. Our fathers were famous and 
eminent for purity of manners and strictness of life, in- 
couragers of industry, lovers of frugality, haters of cove- 
teousness, as well as enemies to profuseness & prodigality. 
But to the grief and scandall of the wise and good their 
children seem to have but little regard for these excellent 
vertues, and even they into whose hands God has put the 
power and government of the rest seem to be deaf to all 
perswasion, to justice and righteousness. Oli^ iempora I 
Oh, mores ! Dabit Deus his quoque finem. 

Upon the rec't of your letter, 1 ventur'd to expose my- 
self to the Assembly and to the debtors in the world 
(which are by far the majority) in a speech 23 ult'. One 
wou'd think they are of David's band that are continually 
contriving for further emissions of this vile paper money, 
which will in a little time be of no other use but for pye- 
women (or some fouler service). I can plainly see the 
full design of it is that by constant emissions the debtor 
may in time cheat the honest, kind creditor out and out. 
Most certainly he that lent his neighbour 100 <£ (in his 
extremity) 20 years agoe does not (including lawfull inter- 
est) now recieve the principal. Such practices, with such 
professions as this people make, give occasion to the en- 
emy to blaspheme. However, I do not intend to content 
myself, but while God continues my opportunity, I will by 
his help still go on to do every thing in my power that 
righteousness, faith, and justice may be recover' d to this 
country and take up their abode here, and I shall at all 
times very gratefully esteem the prayers and assistance 
of all good men. I wish you the filicities of this & a 
better life, and remain, worthy Sir, 

Your friend & very hum^ serv^ J. B. 

Boston, Janu^ 20, 1734/5. 

188 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734-5. 


HoN^^" Sir, — I am oblig'd with your fav^ of 17 & 24 
psent, and remark very particularly all you say about an 
Assembly, and inclose you old H'^ "^ this post to read and 
return, and 1 think we all seem to jump in opinion that 
it's best when we do sit to be at the usual place ; if it 
may be tho't for the good of the Lieu we can adjourn to 
Exeter when we please. 1 think by the strain of old H'' 
he seems to be honest. I am thankful! for your advice 
about the sitting of an Assembly, which (in the integrity 
of your heart) you think best to postpone at present. 
1 assure you 1 have no stomach to repeated fatigues and 
charge to no purpose. I take H — ske to be a sorry false 
fellow, and young D — ck ^ a very mean, narrow spirited 
creature. He strenuously insists on the difference of 
the exchano-e. I am therefore now determin'd to make 
R — ss — I whole sheriffe, or put him in a new partner ; 
and I will appoint a new naval officer without any more 
delay, and if I can serve you in these affairs [viis et modis) 
pray let me do it. But I will make no further compli- 
ments to falseness and ingratitude. Yet these alterations 
can never be so well done as when I am on the spot, and 
it's best not to open your lips about 'em. I hear nothing 
from Wheelwright,! but have frequent applications about 
his place. W. Wentworth, E. Vaughan, and Lane have 
been mentioned, and the first from several quarters ; but 
here I wou'd serve you again, so you must choose. If 
1 don't see you by the last of next m° you mustn't expect 
it till next October. As to the spring ships, or the deters- 
mination of points, they must take their course, and we 
must go right forward in our duty. They that observe 

* Richard Wibird, — Eds. 

t Samuel Wlieohvright, who was appointed Sheriff of York iu December, 1732. See 
6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. p. 333, note. — Eds. 

1734-5.] TO RICHARD WALDRON". 189 

the winds & clouds will neither sow nor reap. When the 
ships arrive doubtless the advices will be chequer'd and 
phaps nothing definitive. But they'l go on lying, and 
say it must be by the next, by the next, and so on. Yet 
if upon the whole there is no probable hope of a success- 
full session don't let me come. I will do just as you 
agree among you. Think it & talk it closely, and give 
me the result by return of the post, because if I don't see 
an Assembly with you, I wou'd bend myself to the dis- 
patch of some necessary affairs here. How come you to 
have the honour of supporting part of the pall ? Pray, 
has the Vice President's relict been yet to make his com- 
phm*^ to M^^ M— ch ? The BBs p— st is a jolly fellow. 
I hear he stood kick and cuff upon the road with some 
swampeers. I am always 

Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Janua 27, 1734/5. 



Sir, — I have yours of 24 & 8 ult\ The new scheme 
will be here the next post, and I believe good care will be 
taken about it without any of the Gov""'. E. Y — gh — n's 
bro was the only person that ever mention'd him. Those 
that have a mind to prevent Plaisted now say that he 
tipples, which I don't believe. Tell him to get what 
credentials he can from persons of good character and 
lodge with you to be transmitted me. But it must re- 
main a dead secret that he even makes you a visset, 
which I think he had always better do in an evening. 
When I have these things I shall appoint another General 
Council, and make the best effort I can. You say the 
breath of the town keeps its old stench. I have 800£ 
now due from the Province, and I have spent above 400£ 
in my four last journeys besides what I've lost here in 

190 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734-5. 

my absences. In consideration of the sinking of the bills 
my salary ought to be at least £1000, and the deficiencies 
for many years past made good. 1 am sure I have done 
every thing in my power to serve the Province, and 
wou'd be glad to live in peace with all men, nor can my 
worst enemies pretend to support the contrary. The 
Spanish merch* is with his royal debtor. The Vice Presi- 
dent is no more, and yet the inchantm* is the same ; nor 
do you seem to have any prospect of its breaking. I live 
easy here with a mannerly, dutifull people. Look on 
what 1 say and tell me whether all put together Avou'd 
not something allay as warm a breast as yours. I say to 
think how vilely and unreasonably 1 am treated, and that 
it's not in the united power of my friends to help it in 
the least measure. Of this petite number I put you into 
a class by yourself; and wdien I have mentioned Dennet 
& ColP Jo, I must apply to you to find another that is 
truly staunch and steady. 

The Court sits here 9 of next m''; that if I see an 
Assembly with you before the fall it must be the first 
week in May, and you need never ask me when I'll come, 
because I have always told you I'll come when you think 
best. You'll see I have appointed a Fast to be here 27 
ins*, and wou'd have it at same time w*^ you, so let me 
have a proclamation to sign by the post, which 1 shall 
send to Sancho, and so you must have a Council, and 
phaps he'll play his last year's game. If so, I must 
again order the Presid* to call a Council to pass it, and 
you had best consider whether the Board will be strong 
enough to do it, in case Sancho shou'd refuse acting, or 
whether it's best to nm the risq of making an attempt 
with him, or otherwise to omit the matter for the present. 
Think clos'ely and say. I am. Sir, 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, March 3, 1734/5. 

1734-5.] TO JONATHAN BELCHER, JR. 191 


My dear Son, — I wrote you 13 Janif last t Ducket, 
since which I think no ship has touch t the northern con- 
tinent with fresher news from England than beginn^ of 
Nov"" ; so stale then are all our advices. But we expect 
this m^ may give us a ship direct from London. I have 
been looking over the acco* of your last year's expences, 
being 253. 14. 9 & 83. 19. 11 is st^ 337. 14. 8. 

It is a great sum, yet I find no fault, because I don't 
see how any of it cou'd have been fairly sav'd. The 
books you have bo" (according to inclos'd catalogue) is 
a good expence, and you must be getting into a library 
gradually and as you conveniently can. Your diversion 
at the spinnet is well, but out-door exercise is more virile 
& healthy, never forgetting the best rules of temperance, 
a specimen whereof is in the inclos'd paper of 27 Jan^ past. 
I always tho't it mean for gent™ at Lond" to suffer their 
serv*' to take pay for their dinners, so I think well of the 
genteel way you take with your serv*' to prevent it. I 
now send f Scutt half a bb^ of pickled pork, a beaver hat, 
and a box of green candles. They are all good of the 
kinds & the pork I believe hardly to be matcht. When 
it comes to hand it must be manag'd according to inclos'd 
paper, and if the King loves pickld pork, you may ven- 
ture to have a piece of it set on his tal)le. The hat and 
candles you must deliver with my letters to your father 
& mother Tench. If it may do you any service I will 
pay my compliments to D"" Bentley, IVP Dickens, and 

You must send your mother a p"" of stayes f the first 
opportunity after rec't of the inclos'd directions. 

If any thing can be done about the Naval Office, and 
it be not finisht before this comes to hand, I shou'd rather 
it shou'd be given to your bro And'' than to your bro 



Lyde, because I have lately well provided for the latter 
by making him sole Clerk of the Inferioiir Court, which 
is worth near £1000 a year. 

Not havincj^ rec'd a farthino- from the Province for 12 
m"^ past, nor from N. Hamp (thro' Dunbar's wickedness) 
for 18 m''^, I have been (& am) prodigiously straitned, 
and which 1 am sensible has affected your uncle & you. 
However, it shall not be long before I make him a good 
remittance. The copper mines are like to be of great 
service to me on that head. ^ Cap^ Webster, who sails 
in 14 d' I shall write you again. We are (I thank God) 
all well, and your mother, brothers, & sister send their 
kind love. I am always 

Your affect, father. J. B. 

Boston, March 3, 1734/5. 


Sir, — I duly rec'd your favour of 25 Janu* T the post 
with a piece of your own silk and a very pleasing acco* 
of the progress of the matter from the egg to the com- 
pletion by the weaver, and in the next ship to London 
I shall send a copy of your Honour's letter with the 
several specimens you inclos'd me to the R" Hon^^^ the 
Lords of Trade & Plantations, and say to them there- 
on what I think may be of service to these plantations. 
We hope to see what we call our spring ships by the 
last of this month, and if they bring us any thing 
material respecting these Colonies I shall hand it to 
you. You will no doubt hear of a late emission of near 
thirty thousand pounds in bills of credit made by private 
persons in the little Province of N. Hampshire upon a 
wretched (or rather upon no) foundation. If the Colonies 
are suffer'd to go on in this manner, what they denomi- 
nate money will be fit for bottoms of pyes (or fouler uses) 

1734-5.] TO MRS. MARTHA GERRISH. 193 

and nothing else. I perfectly agree with yon, Sir, that 
bills emitted at short periods (not so much as 2 or three 
years) redeemable by silver and gold at such standards as 
the governments may think equitable at the several times 
of their emissions may tolerably maintain their value ; 
but all others are a shadow, a fraud, a cheat and delusion. 
I am, Hon^^^ Sir, 

Your most faithfull hum^ serv*. J. B. 

Boston, March 12, 1734/5. 
^ M' T. Gushing, Jun>-. 


Dear Madam, — I have such a confidence in your 
goodness that I make no apology for the late date of 
this, in answer to your very ingenious & religious favour 
of 24 April last. Charity flowing from that religion 
which is pure and undefiled before God and the Father is 
a plain indication that such a soul is stampt with the 
divine image. We love Him because He first loved us. 
God's love and charity to the souls of men was from 
eternity breathing out from the bosome of His infinite & 
unlimited mercy and benignity. But, Oh ! madam, how 
rare are the instances among the apostate race of Adam 
of such charity as I have described. No, the hearts 
of the children of men are so polluted that nothing 
less than the sovereign grace of God can produce an 
act with a single eye to His glory, and disinterestedly for 
the good and comfort of a child of His. I say the god of 
this world stands ready with 10,000 wicked suggestions 
to serve as flies in our ointm*. I speak this from wofull 
experience, and desire with shame to lament it before the 
Searcher of all Hearts. Great is the honour done to such 
of the sons of men who are made good stewards of the 


194 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1734-5. 

manifold grace of God. I never forget your pains and 
anguish, and while I am a constant, tender sympathizer 
with you, I rejoice to find the furnace of affliction is the 
refiner's fire that purges away your dross, and takes 
away your tin, and so you come forth as pure gold, 
a vessel unto honour, sanctified and meet for the Master's 
use. Oh, happy soul, inabl'd by these momentary afflic- 
tions to work out a far more exceeding and eternal 
weight of glory. As soon as I had made some little 
provision for M"* Mason in the Secry's office, I was glad 
to be able to answer your request in favour of your 
worthy nephew M'' Bridge ^ by offering him to succeed 
M'' Mason as my clerk, and while he has been with me 
he has more than made out the good character you gave 
him, and altho' he does not write so very w^ell as I cou'd 
wishjt yet his other qualifications abundantly overbalance 
any little w^antage that way, and I cou'd 'a' been very 
contented with him, but that he has told me once and 
again he has devoted himself to the w^ork of the ministry, 
in which I heartily w^ish he may become a burning and 
a shining light. I am much oblig'd to you, and so is 
M'' Belcher of the Temple, for the handsome representa- 
tion of the parhelia which you drew and sent me for him 
in Dec'' last, and I suppose he has long since rec'd it with 
your letters at that time. By a ship that sail'd three 
weeks agoe I answ^er'd a letter I had rec'd from your 

brother D ,J of which I send you a copy, and w^hen 

you write him you must apologize for my freedom. That 
God from the riches of his mercy in Christ Jesus may 
ease and mitigate the pains of your body, and that your 
soul may go on from one degree of grace to another until 

* Mrs. Gerrish's sister Elizabeth married Christopher Bridge. See Paige's History of 
Cambridge, p. 548. — Eds. 

t Mr. Bridge's handwriting, though sufficiently legible, is much worse than that of 
his predecessor, who wrote a very handsome, flowing hand. — Eds. 

t Daniel Foxcroft, tlien resident in England. See Paige's History of Cambridge, 
p. 549. — Eds. 

1734-5.] TO RICHARD WALDRON". 195 

grace shall be perfected in glory, is and shall be the 
prayer of, Madam, 

Your ready friend & affectionate kinsman. 

J. B. 

Boston, March 24, 1734/5. 
^ M"- Monis. 


HoN^'''' Sir, — I have the pleasure of yours of 17 & 
21 f y® post, and am again sory on your acco* only that 
the business about York County * has taken such a turn & 
that a Gov'' shou'd be oblig'd to say to a friend he loves, 
" The desire of a man is his kindness." Yet be assured 
you have not only my hand but my heart to serve you 
and your family whenever there shall be an opportunity, 
which you must watch for, and so will I, nor do I wholly 
give over the affair above mention'd, but shou'd be glad 
of what further credentials can be procured. Don't re- 
gret too much that you a'n't a partner in the new gold 
mine.t Look on the device fixt to Lord Coke over your 
mantle piece, — Pnidens qui patiens, I don't know, but 
have reason to believe something will be done in a little 
time towards a catastrophy. Whatever may be your sen- 
timents as to flouds from the stationer's shops, I assure 
you I did and do look upon the instruction touching that 
affair as good a member as any of the whole royal body. 
Nor will this ever be a happy people, or be able to lay 
any tolerable claim to honesty till gold and silver are the 
only money, or bills that will demand it instanter, and if 
nothing else can do it, I hope before you and I are a great 
deal older an Act of Parliament will bring salvation to all 
the King's colonies in this matter. Yet if finally any 
thing be got by this new cheat I am sory (if you are) 

* The appointment of a new sheriff to succeed Samuel Wheelwright. — Eds. 
t The scheme for a joint stock bank to issue paper currency, often referred to in 
Belcher's letters. — Eds. 

196 THE BELCnER PAPERS. [1734-5. 

that you ha'n't a hand in it. I have another good letter 
from old H., and I am sure he's as honest as he possibly 

can be. Khodomontado * is as he is. ,t Dennet 

and Col^ Jo (to whom the Gov'''' hearty respects) I know 
are steel to the back bone. I am sory I put you upon 
the difficulty on answering that paragraph in my letter of 
3 psent, because I know you cou'd not do it; but I men- 
tioned it rather that you might speculate on the Gov'"'' 
ratiocination, and to see if you must not be oblig'd to 
conclude with him, and I will once more say to you that 
upon the most severe scrutiny I boldly challenge my 
worst enemy to say wherein I have not steadily consulted 
the best interest of the Province, or to say "Whose ox 
have I taken ? or whose ass have I taken ? or whom have 
I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand 
have I recieved any bribe to blind my eyes therewith ? " 
While the Devil has so dutifull and so active a pimp 
among you I don't expect things to be better, and yet 
you'll own it's hard measure to a gent™ that has done 
every thing to the stretch of his little capacity to be so 
maltreated and shou'd you get under his absolute domin- 
ion, as too many wish & some fear, phaps the first sort 
wou'd not find themselves (nor the Province in general) 
happier than now. 

Sir Charles Wager is First Lord of the Admiralty, and 
I have some expectation to hear of his being made noble. 
I contracted an acquaintance with him at Whitehall, and 
have held a regular correspondence with him from my 
arrival. He is a man of great probity, is every day he 
lives (if he pleases) in the K — g's & in S"" K' closet that 
what he writes (in the inclos'd) of peace, &c% I depend 
on as his Majesty's & S" R'' sentiments. I have not an- 
swer'd his letter, so you'll carefully return it when read. 
SI — de is a foolish old hound that he don't go home 

* Ellis Huske. — Ens. 

t By , Belcher probably meant " old H.," — Henry Sherburne. — Eds. 

1734-5.] TO RTCHAED WALDRON. 197 

directly. I really believe with proper testimonials from 
hence he might intirely ruin Sancho. Pray procure me 
what light you can to put into my answer to Sir Charles 
on that head. It's a nice affair, and nothing must be said 
but plain facts ; for you may be sure all the King's minis- 
ters will see the Gov'^'^ letter in order to form a judgment 
about Sancho, and I wou'd really hope there is some incli- 
nation even in S'' R. W. to dismiss him, for they have a 
great deal of plague from my complaints, and are forc'd 
to justifie me, and at same time to uphold him because 
they don't know what to do with him. Sir, I salute you 
and your fine second with such a respect as you wou'd 
both wish from a cordial friend. J. B. 

Boston, March 24, 1734/5. 


HoNO^''^ Sir, — The carrier & post brought me yours of 
31^* last m'^ & 4*^ present. I see you have got some intel- 
ligence, & perhaps you'll have more this post f Homans, 
but pray tell me how it's possible to reconcile the two 
paragraphs inclosed. I heartily wish the line was well 
settled, & I always thought & do think New Hampshire 
has hard measure ; yet I fancy they won't incline to lay 
any more wagers about it, tho' they'll go on to lye about 
that & any thing else that may please Sancho, & he'll do 
the same for them in his turn. I don't understand there 
was any thing going forward in Parliament about these 
Provinces, & if there should it may justly be charged to 
the villain of villains. How mean is the wretch to show 
his letters to Swabs. Rhodomontado has been to make 
his bow, but I rec"^ him with more phlegm & indifference 
than ever, & indeed he seem'd to me not pleas'd within 
himself. I wish you'd study & furnish me with some 
more good matter against Dagon to go into my letter to 


Sir C, where I intend to slash him. I have signed the 
writt & return it you for the 80*^ of April. In all business 
I am fond of that saying of King Will""'', Steady, steady ; 
& God sparing my life & health, I hope to see you at 
Portsmouth the 29'''. Consult with old H. & the rest of 
our friends, & let the appearance be as you think best. 
If old H. says any thing of being at Exeter, I believe 
you'll be oblig'd to tell him what I have wrote, & must 
not I lodge there again, or where ? Perhaps you'll find 
the Gov'' act wisely about your new mint. I assure you 
the protesters gather daily like a snowball, & 93 such men 
as you saw in the Gazette will damn their credit more 
than 9000 others, let them fancy as they please. 

I have but few letters f Homans; Crocker leaving Lon- 
don but 3 days before him has the bulk of the letters. It 
begins now to be more fear'd than at the first setting 
of the Parliament that England & Holland will be drawn 
into the scrape. I am, S% 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, April 7*^, 1735. 



Dear Jonathan, — My last was 5 ult' T^ Scutt, three 
days after which arrived Capt* Snelling with yours of 23^* 
Nov% & I am pleas'd with your ingenious answer to 
mine of 14'^ & 23*^ August. And altho' I know it to be 
the modish way of writing to substitute the word voiiie 
for religion, yet (I thank God) I can't relish it. A man 
may have a heathenish vertue, but can never have what 
is of the right sort without true religion. And a constant 
reading of the New Testament will lead a man (by the 
help of God's grace) to the saving knowledge of the Lord 
Jesus Christ & there, Jonathan, we must cast anchor if we 
intend to ride out safe, when the storm of God's wrath shall 
overwhelm unbelieving, impenitent sinners. Jesus said 


unto the Father, " And this is hfe eternal that they might 
know Thee, the only true God, & Jesus Christ whom Thou 
has sent." My dear son, never forget to keep up secret 
prayer with God & religiously to observe His Sabbath. As 
to your bodily health, riding, walking, fencing, dancing, 
bowling, &c^, will greatly serve it, & still keep your 
stature. But let that be as it must, your resolution is 
noble & glorious to make up such a want (if God pleases) 
in the perfections of your soul. This, I say, will be act- 
ing up to your rational & religious natures. Your dress 
I am sensible, must conform to the tyranny of the fashion, 
& as you are now near 25 year old, I shall for the future 
leave all things relating to your bodily exercises & dress 
to your own discretion. 

I am greatly oblig'd to my Lord Wilmington for his 
repeated goodness & favour, & I shall soon acknowledge 
it very largely, & will keep him acquainted with all the 
affairs of the Province. I heartily wish it was possible 
to obtain a general leave for taking my salary. It's a 
cruel hardship to be always oblig'd to spend it 12 months 
before I can receive it. I would gladly pay the office fees 
of obtaining it from year to year, altho' the leave might 
be general. This 1 say to prevent the several clerks 
from opposing such an order. I have sacredly observ'd 
all his Majesty's orders, & have done every thing in my 
power for the good of his people. It is therefore hard to 
be thus kept. I suppose I am the only English Gov"" in 
the world in such a situation. ^' some of our spring ships 
I shall write M'' Sharp with a grateful sense of his friend- 
ship. M'' Strange has given his opinion against me in the 
case depending with Caswall's executors ; ^ yet I hope 
you'll be able to give a turn to that affair as in justice it 
ought to be. 

When I consider all the difficulties of Tamworth, I have 
in a manner given it over, & my sound, solid judgment is, 

* See ante, p. 148. — Eds. 


as I wrote you Ocf 20^^ & Dec^ 11^ 1732. I shall there- 
fore without regret acquiesce in your disappointment, as 
believing it will give you the better opportunity of becom- 
ing a nervous fine lawyer ; & hnjus rei curam gere, if God 
spares your life to the circulation of another election, 
methinks that time of life will be well for indeavouring 
to obtain a seat in the House of Commons. It will be 
certainly wise that you keep up a good interest in the 
Bishop of London. 

Exaudi I think is a better word for an invocation on 
the Supreme Being than cUtendite, being more grand & 
solemn ; k immina sanda may stand for Deus & so be taken 
singularly, & this may be still the better allow'd poeticd 
licentid. I will think, advise, & alter it, if thought best. 

A procuration is a most unthankful matter, so shall 
order your brother Lyde to return the bond you mention ; 
nor could he get it paid if he would. The D"" continues 
very poor. I like well your being alive about the Agency 
of this Province, but I hope M'' Wilks will be able to hold 
it, tho' I have had much difficulty to silence his enemies, 
which are the more numerous from their supposing him 
to be a friend to the Gov"", that you may depend the Gov"'^ 
son would be the last person the Assembly would think 
of. The people here lay it down as a point of safety 
always to have a jealous eye on the King's Gov"", tho' the 
most probable method to obtain such a thing, whenever 
there may be a change either of the Gov"", or of the Agent, 
would be to obtain (if possible) a present from the King 
of 1 or 2000 bushels of choice, good hempseed. This 
would be sow'd in every town of the Province, & perhaps 
in time produce the author (under the King) of such a 
bounty to be an Agent. 

I thank you for the prints & pamphlets, wdiich have 
been very entertaining. 

M"" Belcher's is a handsome offer, yet I wish you could 
be quiet on that head ; for I am much perswaded it would 


be greatly to your advantage to wait 2 or 3 years longer. 
Homans arriv'd the 5*^ currant, without a line from your 
uncle or you. Your letters, I suppose, are aboard Crocker, 
daily expected. When he arrives I shall write more par- 
ticularly on this last mentioned affair. I am continually 
Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Altho' Castalio of the Bible is the best translation I 
have seen, yet I think if you change celerem on the plate 
I sent you into sedulum it would be better. 

Boston, April 7*^, 1735. 

[The Letter Books containing copies of the letters written by Governor 
Belcher between April 21, 1735, and Aug. 24, 1739, are not in the possession 
of the Historical Society.] 


Sir, — I have yours of 20 curr". The tinker * came 
today in a more humble manner (without my sending) for 
the certificate which I sign'd & gave him. Since the last 
post Hall is arriv'd, by whom my letters are down to 11 
last month, by which I have little expectation of war 
(even with Spain). In the time of the Protector the 
French King presum'd to take an English merchant ship, 
upon which the great Oliver equipt a squadron of men 
of warr, took a number of French merchantmen, paid 
the English merchant the value of his ship & cargo, de- 
fray 'd the charge of his squadron, & sent the ballance 
to the French King, & all was well. What American 
can know but that S'' B. & the Cardinal are agreed it shall 
be so now ? I am much inclin'd to believe it. Our 
mother king™ don't seem to make any thing more of 
these letters of reprizal than so to fit out so as to do the 
business in the most quick & effectual manner. If a warr 

* Rev. Dr. Belknap was not able to identify "the tinker," who is mentioned several 
times in Belcher's letters ; and we have failed to find any clew elsewhere. — Eds. 



shou'd come on, according to the best judgement I can 
form, we shall hear nothing decisive till the next spring. 
I am therefore determined upon all considerations to 
meet an Assembly with you 24 prox', & the writt is 
sign'd & inclos'd with my order to old f — 1 to convene a 
Council for their advice. I have by Hall very consider- 
able openings, & the papers relating to them are so 
lengthy that my clerk cannot get copies ready to let you 
see 'em by the post, ^iiaps I may bring 'em with me. 
The enemy are at work onanibiis loedihmque (tho' Sancho * 
is yet in fast hold), & every now & then they spring a new 
mine, & if you knew as much of the trouble & plague & 
charge as I do, you'd pity the Governour ; yet I am much 
in love with what I so often wrote you, Decet imperatorem 
stantcm mori, & when the late Duke of Savoy was warmly 
attackt by the French King, he defended his country with 
an obstinate bravery. What he lost was gradually, & 
with dry hard blows, that I remember we drank his health 
in England by saying, Here's inch by inch to you. I am 
determined to make the best & strongest defence I can, 

* Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar went to England in the spring or early in the summer 
of 1737. In a letter to him dated April 25, 1737, and printed in the New Hampshire Pro- 
vincial Papers, vol. iv. pp. 879, 880. Governor Belcher wrote: "You say you certainly 
imbark this week, but I am told the gout has got hold of your toe. I hope j'ou won't let 
it prevail to stop j^our (talkt of) voyage. I say this, because I found in yours to me of 
Dec" last, you were willing I should have hindered it. And I took the main design of "your 
humble complaint to the House of Repres*'^ of New Hampshire against the Gov to be, that 
they might desire you to stay, instead of which you doubtless thought 'em very uncom- 
plaisant upon the offers of your service saying, If you believe I can do anything to serve 
your interest in England, <^ will be pleas' d to tell me tvherein, you will find a grateful 
return from me ; that they should think you not capable of doing anything to serve their 
interest, which appears in their lean answer. To thank his Honour for his kind offer. Me- 
thinks they might have wish'd you a good voyage, but perhaps they didn't believe you was 
going; yet you have carry'd the jest so far, that I don't see how you can well avoid it. 
You don't want the Province's nor my good wishes for their happy riddance, but I have 
had so many letters from you in six years past, saying you was resolv'd to go home, go home, 
that I shall not believe it till sojne vessel tells me, they have met you to the eastward of 
St. George's." A few months later, Aug. 27,Thomlinson wrote to Theodore Atkinson : " I 
have but just time to tell you that Coll. Dunbar has given bail to Mr. Wilks and the other 
occation, and now has his enlargement & about among his friends. He was very imprudent 
at his first coming, not to take the advice of his friends, and the Board of Green Cloth would 
have protected him from any thing of that nature. I hope he will be more carefuU for the 
future, & I hope he will succeed in his solicitations." See New Hampshire Provincial 
Papers, vol. iv. p. 864. — Eds. 

1739.] TO KICHxlRD WALDRON. 203 

& perhaps may finally find the success of his wisdom & 
fortitude, which was the salvation of his country. I do 
assure you things were never wrought up so near to a 
crisis as now, & you may depend we can't live over an- 
other year without a very different turn of affairs one way 
or t'other. I wish you cou'd take a bed with me one night 
& see all I have come, because it may be otherwise a 
month before we meet. It's plain by the constant sequel 
of things the Line has been the least thing in the ques- 
tion. A separate government is now openly and violently 
pusht for, & Benning to be your man, & the present face 
of affairs meditate a greater probability of it than any 
thing heretofore. You will no doubt be full of news, & 
will hand me what you hear. Inclosed are the copies of 
two letters to S"" C. Wager. That from Exeter is doubtless 
a forgery of Sancho's, so it will be necessary to summon 
the parties before you by Sheriff Russel, & let 'em make 
a proper affidavit to set forth the villany in its full light, 
which will do good service at this time. By this you may 
see there's nothing the rascals won't attempt to accom- 
plish their malice. I hope this Assembly may rise some 
day this week, when I shall be at leisure & glad to 
see you. 

Huske has made a valuable seizure, & a good one, 
worth 4 or 5000 £. The Irish Judge * is a villain, & the 
Advocate f a greater, so it may be lost without good ad- 
vice & assistance. I have therefore order'd him (& Liver- 
more) to come to you & pray you to assist him in the 
best manner you can. I wonder he does not come hither 
on such an extraordinary occasion. The Judge & Advo- 
cate will clear the ship & cargo, if they can, but I think 
in this case it's hardly possible. Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Sep* 24, 1739. 

* Robert Auchmuty. — Eds. t William Shirlev. — Eds. 



PJq^ble g^pj^ — J ^^^^ favour'd with yours of 28 ult*. 
It's difficult to say what will be best. I hardly exjiect if 
warr, tliat we shall have the account of it this fall. If the 
paragy-aph would do so much mischief to be known, you 
can doubtless keep a secret. I did, & do, think so, or I 
had not us'd those freedoms with you above all my other 
friends. Yet could you see what I have come, you might 
have different apprehensions from me. Several ships are 
expected from England, & as things are growing to a 
crisis, we shall be fill'd with fresh advices every day, and 
as I shall be constantly writing you, it will be best to 
make your trip to Casco as short as possible. God sparing 
my life & health I intend to be with you 24 ins' to meet 
(I suppose) another wicked Assembly. Inclos'd is my 
order to old Id — t* to adjourn the Court of Appeals. I 
have but little expectation from Husk's seizure, tho' the 
justice of the forfeiture is as clear as the sun in the firma- 
ment. You may depend I shall not lower, but rather 
hoist Rhodomontado's t topsail by a proper & decent 
compliment. Duke Trinkalo $ stays over the winter, & 
I think we may expect no decisive Line news till the 
spring. The father in law to the Spanish chap § said last 
week his son wrote him by the last ship he should em- 
bark in ten days, & may be here with Stanny (daily ex- 
pected). I thank your good care about the villainous 
forg'd letter, which I suppose to be done by Sancho, & 
I hear was deliver d by Trinkalo or the royal creditor.|| 
It will be best for the persons (if not guilty) to make a 

* Walton. — Note hj Rev. Dr. Belknap. 
t Ellis Huske. — Ens. 

I Samuel Waldo. — Eds. 

§ The first wife of Benning Wentworth was Abip^ail, daughter of John Ruck of 
Boston. See Wentworth Genealog}-, vol. i. p. 288. — Eus. 

II Benning Wentworth. — Eds. 


formal declaration & abhorrence, & swear to it before two 

You will hear by the post that the House of Repre- 
sentatives here have chosen Death's Head Enamelled* 
to be their Agent in Great Britain. I am, S"", 

Your right friend. J. B. 

Boston, OctoV 1, 1739. 


HoN^^^ S% — I have your favours of 1, 2 & 6 currant 
f Fellows & the post. The session here I think will be 
over tomorrow. They have chosen another Agent t since 
last post. Whether both or only one goes is uncertain. 
As to all things on the other side the water we must wait 
the event. From arrival of ship after ship (I believe a 
pretty many yet) I think it will not be war suddenly. 
Has not Rhodomantado's strait affairs made him do what 
he should not about the seizure, w^hich is a good one as 
ever was made ? But from the perfidious Judge, his 
deputy, and the Advocate, who I doubt not will perjure 
themselves, what must not be expected ? I observe all 
that past as to the time of an Assembly's meeting. We 
begin to be in a fine pickle. Old Ideot should by a town 
act be confin'd to his chamber. Trinkalo has sworn 
about the Governour & his own return as the intended 
assassins did about S* Paul. Perhaps he may be disap- 
pointed as they were. 

You may depend there always was & will be such as have 
been call'd cj^oeus metallormn. The feign'd Exeter letter 
seems to be as diabolical an affair as any they have yet 
practis'd. I am therefore thankfull you will make another 

* Thomas Gushing, Jr., father of the more famous statesman of the same name, who was 
Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Eepresentatives at the beginning of the Revolu- 
tion. — Eds. 

t Christopher Kilby. — Eds. 


trip thither to search to the very bottom of the matter, & 
since S"^ Charles was so kind as to let me have copy of it, 
if I can do nothing to detect the villainy it may have an 
ugly tendency. 

I am not well, nor have been for above 4 months past, 
but follow'd with a disorder in ray bowels, & which hith- 
erto seems to refuse listening to such applications as the 
physicians have thought proper. I am also besieg'd at 
home & abroad as to my administration & can say with 
the Apostle, In perils of robbers, in perils by mine own 
countrymen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilder- 
ness, in perils among false brethren. In all these things, 
S'', I thank a wise & good God that I am in all submis- 
sion devoted to His determinations concerning me as to 
natural or political death. Yet while He gives me health 
I hope chearfully to persevere in all the duties of life, & 
perhaps when 3^011 see how I close the present session you 
may think so. I am therefore surpriz'd to see my hero a 
little out of breath. Courage, my friend, reassume your 
noble, natural spirit & temper. For my own part 1 am 
far from not hoping quod Deus dabit his qiioque fiiiem. With 
kind respects I remain 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

The assessors & military lists carefully drawn & sworn 
to may help about the Exeter letter. 

If the Assogue ships are safe in Spain, it may be 

Boston, October 8, 1739. 


My Friend (worth having). 

Sir, — I have your favour of 12 ins* I** the post, & have 
read it over with my best attention, for (without a com- 
pliment) so it deserves. As to the new Agency (consid- 


ering the declar'd errand) had it been in my power I 
would 'a done nothing to interrupt. If those who have 
the consideration of the seizure make nothing of it, I shall 
conclude 'em all perjur'd. It's hardly worth while to 
stain paper about old F — 1, Id — t, & what not ? ^ The 
warr I am ingag'd in is carrying on in much the same 
manner as for 9 years past, that I am become a hardy old 
soldier, and as I pretty well understand their tracks, 
haunts & subterfuges it gives me the less sollicitude & the 
more fortitude. Your affectionate sympathy justly claims 
& gains my sincere respect & readiness to serve you on all 
occasions. The ships are daily expected, which may en- 
able us to form a better judgment as to peace or warr, 
abroad or at home. I bid you again to be of good cour- 
age ; who knows ? perhaps, &c^ I have often told you 
my fondness of the wicked King Ahab's advice, nor have 
you ever found me forw** of dreaming or talking on the 
brightest side, but rather otherwise. I am glad you are 
so sensible of the necessity of pursuing the Exeter affair 
to effect. And to have it done as soon as may be is also 
of great necessity. I inclose you some papers referr'd to 
a post or two agoe. Tomlinson's letter opens their scene 
very plainly & by it you'l see (Trinkalo is not, but) 
B — nn — g is your man. Sancho is not as they talk, but 
11 August was peeping thro' a grate. t I have weigh'd all 
your good reasons, and inclose you my answer to one re- 
ceiv'd from the Presid*, & my order to him to prorogue the 
Court to 7 prox\ &c^. The first you may seal & send him 
immediately. The latter I think may be best to be deliver'd 
in a room by himself at the time the Court is got together, 
& swear him not to open his mouth about it, onely as he 
comes to the Council Board to say, / have the Govenf^ 
order that M^ Wald?vn, & HusJce & Coll^ Jo, or any ttvo of ^em 

* Shadrach Walton, President of the Council. He was at this time about eighty-three 
years old. — Eds. 

t Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar, who had gone to England, had been imprisoned there 
for debt. — Eds. 


give the oaths to the Beps, & upon his so saying you are to go 
down immediately, & do you then prorogue 'em immedi- 
ately, for they are a good House without a Speaker or 
Clerk, especially since they have no business to do, & they 
may choose those officers at their next meeting, which 
perhaps may not now be till February (but this sh*^ be a 
secret). If the Speaker of the House of Commons should 
dy, the House don't dy with him, nor would it hinder the 
King's proroguing, adjourning, or dissolving the Parlia- 
ment at his pleasure. Take care also the Court of Appeals 
be adjourn'd. Read old H'^ letter, then seal, go & give it 
him, & swear him to secrec}^ till the affair of the 24 ins" is 
over. It will please him to make him sometimes of the 
cabinet ; but old F — 1, I think, must know nothing till 
the very time. If I have omitted any thing material in 
this matter (or any thing else), to prevent a failure send 
an express immediately, for you know the next post 
won't reach Portsmouth the 24 currant at 10 in the 
morning. But perhaps I have done all right, and wish 
you may think so. With my kind respects to your good 
lady, I remain, dear Sir, 

Your very good friend. J. B. 

Boston, October 15, 1739. 


Sir, — My last was 12 September T Williamson (to 
Hull). I have since receiv'd your favours of July 6, 7, 
Aug'* 9, 10 & 11. ' What I wTote of denying a certificate 
under the seal of the Province to the N. Hamp clan, 
I afterward sign'd, & so I suppose you wnll hear no com- 
plaint about it. I thank you for delivery of my letters 
to the several great personages to whom T wrote, which 
I hope may find a just influence. I will, brother, spare 
no pains to defend myself, & to make my interest with 


such as are capable of serving or disserving me, & after 
this & the diligent application of you & the rest of my 
friends at home, I must be content with the orderings 
of the wise Governor of the world. I am taking some 
pains about the villainous forg'd letter directed to S'' C. 
Wager, and shall give you an account of what I learn. 
I am oblig'd for your early care in sending me copies of 
Gulston & Comp'^ memorial ; the petition of the Irish 
people in our eastern parts ; the references of them from 
the Privy Council to the Board of Trade ; old Woodside's 
letter to the Privy Council & to M'' Stone ; & of Tom- 
linson's letter to M"" Stone. The last is a key to the 
whole. I observe Gulston leaves out my name, tho' in- 
tirely levelled at me, & it's done very artfully that I 
might not lay claim to a copy & time to answer, but 
a report to be made conclusive upon it, without doing 
me that justice. This is a vile way for the petitioners 
thus to attempt to treat a gentleman's character. 

I see you & Counsellour Belcher had put in a peti- 
tion to the Lords of Trade for copies & time for me to 
answer. The Duke of N was very kind on this occa- 
sion, and I admire a gent"" of Lord Wilmington's candour 
& justice should make any reference of them to the 
Board of Trade, as they were directed to the Privy 
Council. The na-tural and just course was that I be serv'd 
with the copies, which justice I hope you will obtain 
for me, & you may then depend I shall be able to 
clear myself from any imputations, & to make all their 
attempts plainly appear to be nothing more than the 
effects of downright malice ; and till I am serv'd with 
copies I don't see how I can properly make ans^ 

B. Wentworth's arrival is daily expected by his friends, 
& with a commission for the governm* of N. Hampshire, 
but they may be mistaken. 

I am yet behind a £100 str^ of M^ Belcher's bill for 
300 in your favour payable to M'' Gatcomb, as also in 



payment of your last bill of £100 to M"" Oliver. The 
Treasury here being unsupply'd greatly straitens me, yet 

1 hope »^oon to pay that £200 str. ; & M"" Oliver & Gat- 
comb will take care to give you notice when they ship 
you any silver or gold. 

I am much pleas'd with the religious reflections you 
make on the death of your late excel? mother.^ Sister 
Caswall is at present at Newbury, & intends to spend the 
winter there. She seems to think herself neglected, and 
w^ould kindly esteem a letter from you. 

I would have you talk plainly to ]\T Wilks & urge him 
to make up to you at least ^ of the £2000 str. remitted 
on the score of the Line, to which I press him again by 
this conveyance. You have herewith my letters to Lord 
Chief Justice Wills and to his son-in-law, Counsellour 
Hollings. I see you had received of M"" Drumond the 

2 bills for 22. 18. 4, & past to my C^ I much want to hear 
from my good friend Cap* Coram, so soon as his affairs 
will possibly allow. It will greatly mortify me & gratify 
my enemies if the Board of Trade has come to the reso- 
lution, & it should succeed to make N. Ham]5 a separate 
government. I am tliankfull for your vigilance at that 
Board, which I hope may be a means to prevent my 
falling under so great a misfortune, which would have 
a more fatal tendency than you readily imagine. I have 
issu'd writts for an Assembly to meet me at N. Hamp on 
Wensday, 24 ins", & intend to wa^ite you again before 
I go that journey. 

Your lov brother. J. B. 

Boston, October 16, 1739. 

Read M'" Wilks ; then seal and deliver. 


* IMrs. William Partridge died June 10, 1739. See Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, 
vol. iii. p. 367. — Eds. 



May it please your Lordship, — If I am snrpriz'd 
at the great freedom I now take, how much more so 
must your Lordship be upon receiving an address from 
so perfect a stranger as I am to your noble person, tho' 
not to the eminent character your Lordship has alwayes 
maintained in your profession. If your Lordship will 
pardon this freedom & allow me, I would first of all con- 
gratulate his Majesty & his people, & then your Lordship, 
in the benefit & happiness they enjoy from your reaping 
the reward of your own merit in the high honour the 
King has done you, not only by promoting you into the 
House of his Peers, but in making you the Lord Chief 
Justice of England. And as 3^ou have alwayes reflected 
honour on the learned body of the long robe, so will you 
still exceed in proportion to the advantages constantly 
arising from your exalted station. I have desir'd my 
brother M'' Partridge with my son M"" Belcher of the 
Temple to beg the' favour & honour of being admitted 
into your Lordship's presence to deliver this into your 
hands. They are my stated agents in all things relating 
to my governments ; and I would humbly ask the favour 
of your Lordship to allow them to wait on you on such 
occasions as they shall think necessary, when any thing 
may be brot against me as matter of complaint, for it's 
almost impossible for a gent™ to sustain the station I do 
free from things of that nature. May you, my Lord, live 
long in great health & in high favour with his Majesty 
(the best of sovereigns) and may ev'ry circumstance of 
life keep pace with your own wishes ; & thus, I am, my 

Your Lordship's most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, OctoV 16, 1739. 



My dear Son, — The 23 ult^ I rec'd by Hall your duti- 
full letter of 10 August, and thank you for the pictures 
& funeral sermon, bound & done in all as I would have it. 
I shall be glad your tour to Oxford may come of with 
the desir'd success. Blenheim & Stow were worth your 
seeing I am with all possible care and earnestness in- 
deavouring to comply with M'' G. Loyd's desire in my 
affair depending with the late M'' Loyd's estate. Young 
Osborn is hardly worth your resentment, a good natur'd 
silly young fellow, left two or three witnesses here of the 
rage & fury of his reins & youthful sallies, & if his trip to 
London brings them under a better regulation it will be 
something extraordinary. . I pity his father, who is an 
honest virtuous man. The quadruple you mention has 
malice unconfin'd. D'^ Colman has your letter & you 
herewith his answer, with what past on my giving him 
a sight of the bound up funeral sermon. Put his compli- 
ment to Pope into the Magazine & send me. As to M"" 
Morton, I shall only repeat, I think him a perfectly 
honest man. His powers & capacity are as God has dealt 
'em out. You may depend he would serve you with 
great integrity according to his best knowledge. I re- 
member you formerly had but a slight opinion of Cap* 
Coram, whom you now seem to think mighty well of 
On this occasion I must repeat to you, Jonathan, that 
I am considerably wiser than you are, & no wonder, with 
my advantages, & you 29 & I 58. So much for that. As 
to the grand Rohampton affair, if Coram can serve you, 
if you put him upon it, I am sure he will with good 
sense, vigour, & fidelity ; and the consideration I laid 
before him in my letter of 20 December last does not 
make it look to me but that you may succeed. The 


inquiry, I say again must be made with great care & 
caution, & if the answer be not promising it's best intirely 
to desist. But as you are running on to thirty it is really 
time to think of getting well marrj-'d & settled in the 
world & I should be glad to know the scheme you say 
you have in your eye about fixing that great criterion of 
life. Carefully look over my letter on this article of 14 
August, 1732, to which I hardly know what to add. 
Eemember, Jon% your father's dayes are swifter than 
a weaver's shuttle. My busy head will soon be laid to 
rest in my silent dormitory, where if my children sh"^ 
make inquiry 'twou'd be to no purpose. Therefore 
while I live it would comfort me in my declining 
years to know you were happily marry ed. I am glad 
the additional proofs in support of my answer to the 
New Hamp complaints were got to hand. If justice 
can find a place, I must come off with honour in that 

I wholly give up the affair of the Naval Office, & your 
brother Lyde must do otherwise as well as he can. 

As to your past undutifulness in not writing me, I for- 
give it & now tell you once for all that what follows are 
sterling lines. If you have no regard to your solemn 
promise of obedience on that head for the future, I shall 
not think {as heretofore) that you are a man who truly fears 
God, hut one of no regard to your word; nor will I he trifl'd 
ivith, & you must look out for some hody to support you, for 
I shall he very cold & indifferent. 

It will please me to hear you are got into lower, more 
commodious & reputable chambers. If L"^ Ch — 11 — r will 
not serve you, you must take the greater pains to serve 
yourself by dint of merit. Waldo is as he is, & we 
must defend ourselves as w^ell as w^e can. You are cer- 
tainly right to procure leave for my coming home, just 
at my own option. Bollam is a saucy impudent fellow. 
I don't know whether Auchmuty bought him 15 or 16 


years agoe, but I believe he took him then as Job (sayes 
he) came into the world. You did him too great an 
honour, but that's over. I have done with your writing 
to Connecticut, & heartily wish you may finally be an 
adept in your profession, et non regredi^ sed jirogredi. The 
legacy M"" Behamy left you has no relation to the execu- 
torship ; if so, it had been no bounty, and if the co-exe- 
cutors throw the burden on you you ought to be paid for 
doing the business. 

I shall expect your annual ace**' by the first good con- 
veyance after 28 August. Sli — y is a vile fellow ; noth- 
ing but the dregs of poverty can be an excuse, nor that. 
As you grow older I hope you'l grow wiser. The dis- 
senters are certainly men of better lives in general than 
those of the National Chli. I remember a gingle of the 
late D"" Cotton Mather which pleas' d me as I thought it 
true, that the religion of the C%ti of England tvas a lifeless 
religion & an irreligious life ; and I hope you speak with 
pleasure of returning to your first love. I long for a 
letter from my worthy friend Coram, & am glad to hear 
of his success in the noble design he has been forming 
with so much good sense & humanity and Christianity 
for 16 years past. The seal of the company is well 
design'd & its motto well adapted. I am under great 
obligations to Cap* Coram & Mad™, & wish it lay in my 
power to return their respects. 

With great duty & good manners keep up your ac- 
quaintance with Lord Egmont, to whom I shall write 

All I shall say of summoning up your muse on the 
death of your late incomparable grandmother is that her 
memory deserves & demands more respect k honour from 
you than you can possibly pay. If Christ be the door 
thro' which you are to pass to Heaven, remember she was 
early imploy'd to lead you to that door. If you once at 
last become a man of sacred regard to your word, I shall 

1739] TO FKANCIS WILKS. 215 

not have the fatigue of reading or writing such long 
letters for the future. I am, Jon% 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Oc* 16, 1739. 


S'', — I have duly receiv'd jour favour of 16 August 
f Hall, owning the receit of mine of 3 & 28 May w Hoar 
& Clap, to which I shall much esteem your particular 
answer. My letters from M"" Partridge to 11 August still 
complain that you treat him hardly in not letting him 
have even his shortest proportion of the £2000 str^ I 
remitted on the account of the Line, which is £666. 
13. 4 str. Indeed, on the death of Coll'' Quincy* he be- 
came equally concern'd with you, & ought to have at 
least a thousand pound of the money lying in his hands. 
I once more beg of you to do him justice & make him 
easy that I may be so in that matter. The report of the 
Lords of Trade on the 60,000£ is a very wise one, which 
I have communicated to the Assembly with what you 
have wrote on that head, & from the love I bear to my 
native countrey I hope the King will never suffer any 
more paper to be stampt here to pass for money but such 
as shall have its value fixt unalterably. 

I wish your next may finally set me down as to M"" 
Lyde's affair ; and if you cannot get thro' it, I had rather 
know the worst than to have gaping expectations, & 
finally to no purpose. You will doubtless have from 
many of your friends an account of the proceedings of 
the Assembly here in their late session, particularly as to 
their choice of a new Agent for the House of Representa- 

* Edmund Quincy was sent to England in 1737 as one of the Agents of Massachusetts 
for the settlement of the boundary line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and 
died in London Feb. 23, 1738. —Eds. 


tives, who, I suppose, imbarks by this conveyance.* Your 
friends here look upon this thing as a great affront to 
you, who are not only Agent for all the parts of the Legis- 
lature, but also for the Kepresentatives separately who by 
this turn have declar'd you not capable or not faithful. 
However, I believe their Agent will soon after his arrival 
convince them to how little purpose any applications will 
be on the head for which they send him. 

All your friends & the whole Province think the affair 
of the Line moves in a poor manner ; & if you send noth- 
ing decisive about it this fall I expect the Assembly will 
at their next sitting send over an Agent specially on that 
account. The plainess with which I now write proceeds 
intirely from the sincere respect I bear you, & so I re- 
main, S% 

Your friend & most hum^^ servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oc* 16, 1739. 


Son Jonathan, — I have at leisure moments been look- 
ing over your expence from 37 to 8, & again this day, & 
find it too excessive. The article of books, (£44.4. 11) 
is laudable, that of clothing (128. 11. 7) is more than four 
times what I spend on myself coimniinibiis annis, & yet 
alwayes appear drest as Gov"" of N. England. The article 
of dyet, £101. 18. 11, is a great deal. As to the other 
articles it's not easy to make a judgement on them. 
The whole account is more than double the expence 
of any N. England gentleman in your line & order, 
£410. 6. 7 str., with the now currant exchange between 
Lond^ & this place is N. England currency £2152. 13. 0, 
which is many £100' more than the annual income of 
my whole estate. Pray, Jon^, weigh wisely & sedately 
what 1 say & have often told you. If you spend at 

* See ante, p. 205, — Eds. 


such an extraordinary rate, & so swallow up more than 
what might be your proportion of my estate at my 
decease, you must not expect to receive any thing then, 
& upon my political mortality, which my enemies are 
so furiously driving at, I shall not be able to do any 
thing more for you ; for the income of all my estate 
will hardly carry the year about as I ought to live, and it 
is now with the greatest difficulty & struggling that I 
get along with your vast expence, which if you cannot 
confine in more reasonable bounds, you must yourself very 
quickly find out a way to defray it. I would do, my dear 
son, all that's possible in my power for you, but I cannot 
do more. I wish you were in practice equal to your 
expence, or that you was well marry'd, so as to support 
yourself in that order of life handsomely. Think gravely 
of what I have here said, & that I am advanc'd in years 
& may soon drop into my grave, & how would you then 
shift for yourself ? This is all I have to say at present on 
your last account of expence. I shall be expecting your 
other account to 28 August past by the first ship from 
London. Your uncle mentions my writing to Lord Chief 
Justice Wills & Counsellour Rollings, which I have done 
by this conveyance, & you'l deliver 'em. And inclos'd is 
a letter to M'' Wilks, which you'l read & find an oppor- 
tunity of giving it to him when you & he may be by your- 
selves, & I think it best to deliver it open as I send it, but 
in that particular do as you please. I am, wdth the warm- 
est affection, my dear child, 

Your loving father. J. B. 

Boston, Oct 20, 1739. 


S% — I have already wrote you at large by this con- 
veyance, since which Stanny is arriv'd, with your favours 
of 18 & 22 August, inclosing copies of the report of the 



Board of Trade to the Privy Council on Gulston and Com- 
panies' memorial, & of Counsellour Belcher's letter to 
you. Bat I have not yet receiv'd the letter you mention 
from S"* C. Wager, nor the copy of your memorial to the 
Lords Committee of Council, nor copy of the affidavits 
tackt to the petition of the Irish eastern inhabitants, 3- ours 
of 18 of August being but a copy. I suppose those things 
may come with the original by one of the other ships 
daily expected, for I think Stanny sayes there sail'd with 
him from the Downs 4 or 5 more bound hither, but he 
onely is arriv'd at present. 

I take a very kind notice of all you write respecting 
the strong efforts are making to get me out of the govern- 
ment of N. Hampshire; and if they could do that, brother, 
they would think it a good leading card to get me out of 
the Massachusets also. I have carefully read over the 
report of the Lords of Trade to the Privy Council. 
Altho' my name is artfully left out of Gulston's me- 
morial, yet by this report it's plain the w^hole of it was 
levell'd at me. Certainly no gentleman was ever treated 
more unjustly & unfairly than I am in the memorial & 
report upon it. Whose fault is it that the fort is in such 
a ruinous condition & the Province so naked & defence- 
less ? You have by you the Journals of the House of 
Eepresentatives during the whole of my administration, 
where you will find how often I have recommended the 
repairing of the fort, & also the Assemblies' answer. 
Gov'"' may warml}^ urge things, but where money is re- 
quir'd the Assembly must raise it. How would the King 
support the fleet at this time if the Parliament would 
supply no money ? The forts in all the plantations do at 
this day lye in a sad ruinous condition, especially in all 
the West India Islands, & this is no fault of the several 
Governours, but of the Assemblies who will raise no money 
to repair & support 'em. Nay, those near us under the 
particular care of the Crown are in a poor state Of de- 


fence, as at Annapolis Royal & Canso. In case of a warr 
they would be an easy prey to the French of Cape 
Breton. The fortifications of this Province are in a poor 
defenceless condition, & wanting of powder & all other 
warlike stores. Notwithstanding my having so often 
recommended these things to the Assemblies how shall I 
help it, or what can I do more ? How vile then is it 
to lay any blame at my door on this head ! 

As to the state of the militia of New Hampshire, it is 
most falsely represented, for it never was in better order 
than at this day, being furnisht with arms & ammunition, 
& have been constantly exercis'd according to the law of 
the Province ; & this is all a Governour can do about 

As to my visiting N. Hampshire but once a year, the 
Journals I have already mention'd will prove that to be 
a downright fiilshood, & that it has been my practice to 
go to N. Hampshire & hold an Assembly twice a year, & 
that they always sat long enough to do the business of the 
Province, sometimes 14, sometimes 20, sometimes thirty 
dayes. The letter Tomlinson produc'd from 6 of the Coun- 
cil & almost all the Representatives, the petition you have 
from near five hundred people to be continu'd as they are 
will well answer that, especially when it's consider'd those 
six Counsellours & the Representatives are the Governour's 
mortal enemies. I am soon going to N. Hampshire & 
shall again earnestly press them to put their fort into a 
good & defensible condition. But really, brother, these 
things are but barefac'd sham pretences, for if you look 
over their Journals, you will see how upon all occasions 
they say they are poor & not able to raise money to de- 
fray their charges, & they are very much so. 

For the same reasons they offer for my being super- 
seded all the King's Gov''^ in America ought to be dismist, 
& if new ones were appointed how would that help the 
matter they complain of? for it's not in the power of Gov- 


ernours to tax the people in an English government. Thus 
I have furnish t you with some hints to make answer to 
Gulston's memorial & the report upon it, if there may be 
opportunity. I am very thankful for your great vigilance 
at the offices by which you came at the knowledge of 
these things that have been carry'd on in so vile & clan- 
destine a manner. I am under the greatest obligations 
to good S"" C. Wager for his sincere friendship to me at 
such a juncture. His readiness to go to town k at- 
tend the Committee was a very extraordinary favour, as 
well as his advice to you to go to S"" R. whom I am sorry 
you mist of. Please to give my hearty thanks to your 
Friends who are so ready to appear in my interest.*' Your 
Friends here shall experience my gratitude as there may 
be occasion. I shall not fail of recommending to the As- 
sembly here & at N. Hampshire to provide some effectual 
law for the protection of the King's woods, and if I can 
project any thing proper for the Parliament to come into, 
I will transmit it to S"" C. Wager. How comes it, brother, 
that Lord Wilmington is so tackt about ? If what I wrote 
in April and May last, with what I now send you for him, 
will not soften him, I believe you will advise me not to 
give him the trouble of any more letters. I also now 
write S"" R., D. N. C, J/ Harrington, Monson, & Lords 
Trade, which you'l read & deliver, or not, as you may 
think proper. It w^ould be a fatal thing for me to lose 
my commission at N. Hampshire. Gov"" Holden must 
therefore be stirr'd up, your Friends, Coram & Wilks & 
S"" K. must be closely apply'd to, and the D. N. C, w^here 
things may be stopt at last. And w^hat must be strongly 
insisted on is, for time for the Gov"" to answ^er any memo- 
rial or complaint w^here he is affected. I well remember 
when I was at Whitehall there w^as a complaint preferr'd 

* Richard Partridi^e was a Quaker, and b}' his influence the Quakers in England were 
induced to es])ouse the cause of Belcher, in opposition to the efforts of his enemies to have 
him superseded. — Eds., 


(I think bj Lord Yere) against Governour Gledhill of 
Placentia, upon which S"* R. went to the King to have 
him dismist. But his friends having notice found access 
to the King, & beg'd the Governour might have him to 
answer for himself, & the King readily said he should. 
When S'' R. came to repeat his request to the King to dis- 
miss him, the King said, No, S"* R., you told me when I put 
him in he was a worthy gentleman, to which S"" R. an- 
swer'd, And, may it please your Majesty, he was so then, 
to which the King reply'd, & why is he not so now ? ! 
said S"" R., here are such & such complaints against him, 
to which the King reply'd. They may, indeed, have the 
name of complaints, but let the Governour be serv'd with 
copies, & if he cannot clear himself, I'll put him out, but 
if he does you'l think he has been unreasonably treated, 
& I shall still approve & continue him as a good servant. 
The Gov'' was serv'd with copies, had time to answer, 
clear'd himself, & was continu'd. This was a story 
much talkt of when I was at Court, & the King's justice 
& steadiness greatly applauded ; and it mayn't be amiss 
for you to mention this to L*^ Wilmington, S" C. Wager, 
&c% tho' after this I think Gledhill was dismist for male- 
practices. When I am serv'd with copies & time to an- 
swer, it greatly disheartens the enemy by their dancing 
attendance at a great expence, & conscious at the same 
time th^t their allegations are false & nothing more than 
the fruit of malice & keen revenge, from which they also 
know I shall clear myself As your other letters come 
on, I shall most punctually answer by all opportuni- 
ties. S'', 

Your loving brother & hearty friend. 

J. B. 

Boston, OctoV 22, 1739. 



jjq^blk s% — I have yours of 19 ins^ & wish old H'^ 
c — w (not heifer at this age) don't low out the secret. 
Old Simpleton's first letter you put into Russel's care. I 
assure you I am more & more pleas'd with the new 
Agency. But by what I hear since the Governour's kind 
closure they are much divided among themselves (I mean 
the Boston chaps who rule the roast), & I am in some fear 
it will not go forward. The seizure I have given over, 
tho' its robbing me of a £1000 of my just due, & I should 
have first said, of the King of as much. Such villains 
think God Almighty passes perjury as a peccadillo. But 
they must at same time deny His omniscience, His justice 
& holiness, or rather they don't trouble their heads about 
Him or His spotless attributes. 

As you observe, I am ingag'd with a triple confederacy 
every one contradicting the other, tho' they agree in the 
main point, Delenda est Carthago, the Governour must be 
(if possible) unhorst. I still think B — ng is their man, & 
as hush money & pay for his sufferings. According to 
your scheme I have ingag'd the post to deliver yow this 
at Brown's at Hampton by 12 o'clock Tuesday night, and 

I have thought it best to send a new order to old , 

dated this day, & you may return the other. You had 
best deliver it on the day & manner as hinted in my last, 
& after proroguing at the House go & do it immediately 
in the Council Chamber. I long to have the Exeter 
affair brought to a point. 

Saturday last arriv'd Stanny from London, with the 
inclos'd of 18 & 22 Au2:ust from M"" Partridcre & what it 
cover'd, the report of Board of Trade grounded on Gulston 
& Tomlinson & other memorials & on Rhymes's lyes, 
w*' you mitst wonder at. Read & deliberate on all the 
particulars ^ Stanny. Take your pen k make the best 


answer you can to K. P'^ letter to fill him with arguments 
against the report ; for what" he writes, it may get time 
enough before another hearing be had on the matter. 
Let us, my friend, be alive & alert. Perhaps victory & 
honour may finally crown our industry. On receit of 
these things, I think it absolutely necessary to be with 
you, according to the prorogation of 7 prox', and have 
still courage enough to suspend the loon* & apef before we 
go upon business, & I think I have reason sufficient. You 
see, S"", things are pushing, pushing to a point. I have 
thought best to write you herewith a few lines distinct 
from all other things to inclose the order of prorogation ; 
and to prevent any failure, if old Fool should" be sick or 
otherwise absent, you are to do the business by my order, 
but doubtless he will attend. If not it's equally in my 
power to order the Secretary as any body else. Nay, it 
is my constant practice here to adjourn, prorogue, & dis- 
solve by the Secretary's mouth. Say particularly whether 
you agree in my seeing you as I say. As things are cir- 
cumstanc'd I think it most prudent. S% 

Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Oc* 22, 1739. 



May it please your Honour, — Altho' I have lately 
done myself the honour of addressing you on the affairs 
of my government, yet by letters lately receiv'd from my 
friends at Whitehall I find my enemies so malicious & 
restless that I am oblig'd to repair to your Honour as 
an asylum under their unfair & false representations. I 
have receiv'd the copy of a memorial sign'd & lodg'd at 
the Council Office by M^ Gulston, Tomlinson, & others 
respecting the state of the Province of New Hamp- 

* George Jaffrey. — Eds. t Theodore Atkinson. — Eds. 


shire, which has been referr'd to the Lords of Trade, & 
they have reported upon it. Altho' it nearly affects my 
commission for the government of that Province, yet my 
Agents, tho' they earnestly apply'd, could not obtain a 
copy & time for me to answer. If it be, may it please 
your Honour, the undoubted right of evei-y Englishman 
to be heard before he is condemn'd, the King's Governour, 
whom he stiles the representative of his royal person, I 
hope, may find that justice. M" Tomlinson preferr'd a 
complaint against me more than 12 months agoe upon 
which I was serv'd with a copy, & my ans" has been at 
home for a long time, & I suppose he is so conscious of 
the absurdities & falsehoods with which he has stufFt 
his complaint that he is afraid to bring it to a hearing, & 
so takes the method I have before mention'd to shoot me 
in the dark. Let me therefore humbly beg from your 
Honour's establisht character of justice & goodness to all 
mankind that there may be no further proceeding in this 
matter till I am serv'd wdth a copy & time given to an- 
swer. When I am favour'd with this common justice, I 
shall set down contented if I cannot clear myself from 
any thing may be alledg'd against me. But for a gentle- 
man to be depriv'd of his bread & honour in so extraor- 
dinary a manner would be very severe, I say, when no 
complaint lyes against him wherein he has had oppor- 
tunity to defend himself. Let me therefore again 
beseech your Honour so far to interpose at this junc- 
ture that I may obtain the favour I sue for, which 
will lay me under a most sensible & lasting obligation 
to be, as I really am, with the most profound duty & 
respect, S", 

Your Honour's most devoted, most faithful, & most 
obedient serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Octob^ 23, 1739. 

(Homans. Hall.) The same to D. N. C. 

1739.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 225 


May it please your Lordships, — As I have for a 
long time past been writing your Lordships of all things 
relating to this Province, & that of N. Hampshire, I am 
hoping by some of the ships now expected from England 
to receive from your Lordships an answer to such things 
as you may judge necessary for advancing his Majesty's 
interest and service. Since my last the Assembly of this 
Province have been conven'd, & sat from the 19 of last 
month to the 9 of this, & refus'd raising any money for 
the support of the governm* or defence of the Prov- 
ince but in such a manner as I dare not consent to. 
What past in this sessions your Lordships will see by the 
Journals of the Representatives which I send you here- 
with, as also the bill that past both Houses for a supply 
of the Treasury, which your Lordships will find intirely 
inconsistent with his Majesty's 9 & 16 instructions to me. 
On the bill your Lordships will find my marginal notes 
which will readily let your Lordships into the nature of 
this bill & show you that I could not sign it but in direct 
disobedience to his Majesty's royal orders; and your Lord- 
ships will also easily perceive that the drift & design of 
this bill was to make an emission of a large quantity of 
paper currency without any honest & solid foundation. 
The bills the Assemblies have issu'd here for many years 
past are not now worth five shillings in the pound of the 
currant silver money of the Province as by law establisht ; 
and had it not been for his Majesty's 16 instruction I 
suppose there had been emitted by this time by the 
Assemblies of this Province as much paper currency as 
would have been half a million of nominal pounds, 
and wou'd have reduc'd their value to less than half 
a crown in the pound of the good & lawful money of 
the Province, which is seventeen pennyweight of silver 



to pass for six shillings. What a fraud & deceit then 
must emissions of such kinds of bills of cr. be ? I there- 
fore have alwayes thought his Majesty's royal 16 instruc- 
tion to me to be a wise, wholesome & gracious care for 
the honour of his government & for the true welfare of his 
people in this Province. It cannot easily be imagin'd, my 
Lords, how vastly the British trade hither has sufFer'd 
from time to time by this vile sort of bills. While the 
Assemblies here issu'd bills onely for the charge of the gov- 
ernment, and punctually drew them in within the year of 
their going out, they maintain'd the value they went out 
at, but when they went into the practice of emitting great 
sums on loan, & of setting the calling in of what they 
emitted for the charge of the government at long periods, 
they immediately sunk in their value. The flagrant breach 
they now make of the publick faith, in not calling in the 
sum of bills they are oblig'd to by their own law, is a 
good reason why they should not for the future emit bills 
without making the particular assessment, in the acts by 
which they are to go out, on the several towns of the Prov- 
ince, for calling them in within the year, & inabling the 
Treasurer to do his duty therein ; for it's plain to be seen 
in the practice of the present Assembly that solemn 
promises & laws are of little consideration with them. 

And notwithstanding these things, my Lords, I much 
question whether when the Assembly meets in December 
next they will make any supply to the Treasury, & then 
all the officers of the government & others who have 
just demands on the Province must suffer in a most extra- 
ordinary manner. The forts & garrisons must remain in 
the ruinous condition they now are & still run into greater 
dispair, & if the Assembly should continue in this way 
they must finally be all lost. 

I do, my Lords, think myself bound in duty to the 
King, & in tenderness to his people, to represent the state 
of this Province as it really is at this daj^, & shall be glad 


of any further orders his Majesty may think necessary for 
his own honour & for the good of his people. I believe I 
have formerly hinted to your Lordships the vast damage 
that accrues to the British trade, & indeed to his Maj^'' 
subjects also in these provinces, by some of the Charter 
governments (who are not directly as others under the 
power of the Crown) emitting large sums of paper cur- 
rency without any foundation to support their value ; 
and the little neighbouring Colony of Rhode Island have 
by their large emissions of such bills greatly contributed 
to the sinking the value of all the bills of c"" issu'd in this 
Province. I would therefore humbly propose to your 
Lordships that a bill might be brought into the Parlia- 
ment of Great Britain, with proper penalties, forbidding all 
the King's provinces & colonies in America from striking 
any more bills of credit than might be sufficient for de- 
fraying the charge of each government where they might 
be emitted, & that sufficient provision be made in the act 
whereby they are emitted for calling them in within the 
year in which they go out. This would naturally give 
them a value as they are passing. I shall humbly hope 
for your Lordships' particular ans'' to this letter as soon 
as you conveniently can. And have the honour to be 
with great respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Octob-- 24, 1739. 
(Homans. Hall.) 


May it please your Honour, — I have receiv'd 
under Cap* Coram's cover your very kind & obliging letter 
of 13 August. As to the respectful! stile in which it be- 
comes me to address S"" C. Wager, it is free from compli- 
ment, but it wouldn't be from ill manners if I allow'd 


myself to do otherwise, considering your real merit & the 
superiour station in which the King has plac'd you. 
From your justice k goodness so conspicuous in this 
letter, as well as from the constant accounts handed me 
by M-^ Partridge & M"^ Belcher, I hold myself, Hon^'^ Sir, 
under the greatest obligations to you. When I was a 
school boy (at writing) I remember my m'' wrote me for 
a copy that trite saying, A friend in need is a friend indeed. 
Certainly, the value of friendship is greatly inhanc'd by 
its appearing at such junctures when it will be of the 
greatest service, for this makes the proof of its sincer- 
ity ; & this has been the constant practice of S" C. Wager 
to me, tho' so much unmerited, yet if being an honest & 
faithful servant to the Crown may challenge some respect 
from the King's ministers, I would humbly hope for it. 
As you observe, S"*, I have felt a large share of the malice 
& ill nature of enemies, more particularly from some per- 
sons at New Hampshire, with ColP Dunbar at the head of 
them. It is not easy to set the wickedness & falseness of 
that man in its full colours. I don't believe he would 
stick at any thing to extricate himself out of his poverty 
& wretched circumstances, & to keep his head above water. 
I have been often asham'd to hear him tell how he made 
the late imprudent, unhappy Duke of Wharton drunk in 
Spain & then betray'd him to the Ministry at home. Nor 
do I suppose he would scruple to betray his own father if 
he might reap an advantage by it. I give you, Hon''^® 
Sir, my hearty thanks for the copy of the vile letter you 
receiv'd, pretended to be wrote in May last from the town 
of Exeter in N. Hampshire, into which I have made a 
thorough inquiry, & your Honour will be convinced by 
the inclosed papers that it is a downright forgery. And 
how diabolical is it for any one in such a manner to at- 
tempt to deprive a gentleman of his bread & honour ; I 
say, to shoot him in the dark. Yet I as firmly beleive it 
as I do any article of my creed that Dunbar was the 


author of this villainous letter. But I ask your Honour's 
pardon for troubling you so much about so worthless a 
creature as I think him to be. As to other persons that 
have vented their ill nature from N. Hampshire, they have 
been mostly such as I put out of office at my first coming 
into the government, for which I know no reason they 
have to be angry, for Governours & all persons in power 
will choose their own officers under them & will no doubt 
serve their best friends in preference to others, provided 
they are equally capable. I have had the pleasure, S"" 
Charles^ to observe that notwithstanding the many bick- 
erings of my enemies for nine years past, yet they have 
never been able to make out any substantial matter of 
complaint against my administration. Nay, they would 
never yet bring one of their complaints to a publick hear- 
ing after I had had time to answer, which must be an 
argument that their complaints have been the natural 
product of malice & revenge, & yet, S"", as you are pleas'd 
to observe, complaints, let 'em be what they will, may 
make some impression. However, as you go on & say, 
his Majesty's Council & the Committees of it are so just 
as not to make determinations till both sides are heard. 
This, indeed, is the happiness of all the King's subjects 
under his wise government ; & where I may be treated in 
this just manner complaints give me no great pain (tho' 
they cause me trouble & charge). It is, Hon^^^ Sir, a great 
challenge ; but I make it to the worst of my enemies, — 
to tax me with maleadmini'stration in either Province, or 
that I have not to the utmost of my power been faithful 
to the King's honour & interest, & to the welfare & hap- 
piness of his people. I say, I defye any one to tax me 
in this manner & to make it good, & this I do after 
having had the honour of holding his Majesty's royal 
commissions in both Provinces for more than nine years 

I am very sensible, S% how much your dayes & hours 


are ingrost in attendance at the Admiralty, at the Privy 
Council, & with the King's ministers, & more especially 
in the present posture of affiiirs. How good then, & how 
humane is it in you, to give yourself so much trouble of 
attending the Committees of Council when any thing 
relating to my government may be consider'd there. I 
see you are apprehensive of a warr with Spain (if not 
with France). As things are circumstanc'd it seems un- 
avoidable but that we must have a rupture with Spain, 
who have so barbarously insulted & robb'd the King's 
good subjects. God grant we may finally make them pay 
the reckoning. As I am inform'd by those that traverse the 
woods there are at this day great quantities of fine masts 
in this Province & some in New Hampshire (but not many). 
I shall in each of my governments earnestly recommend 
to the Assemblies the making some good laws for their 
better preservation ; and I will do the best I can to pro- 
ject a bill to be brought into Parliament for the same 
purpose, & if I can do something that I think may be of 
service, I shall transmit it to your Honour for your cor- 
rection. God Almighty be prais'd for your recovery to so 
good health. May you, S", long enjoy it with all the ad- 
vantages & honours which you so truly deserve of your 
King & countrey. I have the honour to be, with the 
greatest respect & gratitude, Hon^^^ Sir, 

Your most oblig'd & most abed' servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Octob'' 28, 1739. 

S^, — I ask it of you as a particular favour that I may 
have copies of the affidavits made by ]\P Auchmuty & 
Shirley & sent to your Board respecting the King's woods 
& about the Gov'', & as the forg'd letter can be of no 
service to your Honour, & may be of good use to me here, 
I would pray to have the original. 


1739.] TO THOMAS CORAM. 231 


My very worthy, good Friend. 

Sir, — I do with a great deal of gratitude own your 
good & kind letters of August 14, 21, 24 & Septerab" 4, 
by way of Bristol & T Patterson & Gary. As the account 
of your ill state of health in your first letters gave me 
great pain & concern, so my joy was increas'd on find- 
ing by your after letters you were so much restor'd to 
your health. God Almighty confirm it, & long continue 
your usefull life. I most heartily congratulate you in 
bringing your noble projection * to so good a maturity. 
May you go on & prosper in it for the benefit of this & 
future ages. It is really a godlike design, & it must 
render your memory fragrant to late posterity, who will 
be feeling the blessing of it; & what must justly chal- 
lenge their gratitude will be to consider the fatigue & 
care you have undergone in this thing without the least 
view of service to yourself Rare are the instances of 
such disinterested benevolence to mankind ; & so indeed 
you act in your respect to me & mine, which layes me 
under the most sensible obligations. I have S'' Gharles 
Wager's very good letter, which I answer by this convey- 
ance, & send him some papers to convince him how 
villainous a forgery the letter was which he receiv'd pre- 
tended to be wrote from Exeter in N. Hampshire. All 
these things M"" Partridge will communicate to you before 
delivery, & I must pray you to go with him at a proper 
juncture to give 'em to S'' Charles, & tell M"" Belcher I 
command him to go with you. Surely youl all think 
never was a more barbarous attempt upon a gent""'' char- 
acter; & I am fully satisfied Dunbar, Trinkalo, & the 
Yorkshire chap t were the diabolical authours of it. Use 

* The Foundling Hospital in London. — Eds. 

t John Thomlinson. See 6 Mass. Hist. Coll. vol. vi. p. 257 note. — Eds. 


may be made of what I send S' Charles on this head in 
my fiivour with S' Rob* & Lord Wihnington, that they 
may see my enemies don't stick even at forgeries to 
wound me in the dark. Let me pray you to get the 
original letter of S' Charles and send me. Such a forg'd 
libell can be of no service to lye by him ; but it may be 
of good use to me here. 

1 take notice of the talk you had with M'' Burchett when 
you din'd with S' Charles at Parsons Green. Auchmuty, 
the present Judge of the Vice Admiralty here is a most 
finisht Irish villain. (To my great regret) he owes his 
present Judge's place to my favour, & he is otherwise 
under more obligations to me than I have now time to 
tell you ; & when I had done him all the services in my 
power, then he began to return my goodness in the vile, 
ungratefuU manner in which he now behaves. But more 
of this when I have a little more time. Pray procure me 
copies from S'' Charles, or at the Admiralty Office of what 
Auchmuty & Shirley have sworn about the King's woods 
and about the Governour, & I doubt not but I shall be 
able to detect them in notorious lyes. You say. As for 
Tomlinson, I cannot say I knoiv him, hut I heard he is a York- 
shire man ivhose father dyd in his shoos. Pray explain this 
last stroke about him upon the best authority you can 
get. Your letters to your mother & D"" Colman are 
deliver'd, & those for Lieu* Bradstreet shall go by the 
first conveyance to Canso. It is time to leave of waiting 
to your mother * any thing else than to let her know you 
& lier daughter are w^ell, for she is become very much a 
child. I shall speak to D"^ Colman about the letter you 
wrote to Cato, & desire him still to send it, if he thinks 
proper. As to Mason, t he's a sorry fellow, not worth 
your notice or acquaintance. His father was with me 

* Mrs. Eunice Wait, Coram's mother-in-law. — Eds, 

t John Tiirton Mason, who was at this time in England. See Belknap's History of 
New Hampshire, vol. ii. pp. 158-162. — Eds. 

1739.] TO THOMAS CORAM. 233 

several times before he went over, & by all I could 
observe, he intended to cheat the Indians of their land, 
& get them for himself, & I suppose the son- now at 
home is upon .the same scent, & therefore deserves no 
countenance from gent™ of probity & honour. I shall 
let Cap* Gyles know you had indeavoured to serve him 
about a gardner. 

I now write M'' Belcher not to fail for the future in 
paying his duty as often as may be convenient to the 
Earl of Egmont & to S'' Charles Wager, & I beleive the 
only reason he has not so done was from a fondness to a 
close pursuit of his studies at the Temple. 

I thank you very kindly for what you say about 
Trinkalo, that he can do me no harm. I wish an adver- 
tisement might be properly drest up, & go into the pub- 
lick prints with the substance of what I hinted in my 
letter of 20 Dec"" last. Pray let it be done if you can 
wisely contrive it, & it will effectually do his business & 
deliver me from all his malice. 

I have read your well projected letter to your kinsman 
at Salem, & you may depend I will get it to him in such a 
manner as that he may not suspect its coming thro' my 

I shall write M"" Newman a letter on purpose to obtain 
from him (if possible) Paul the Preacher's letter to J. D."^ 
& shall not fail to give you yery soon the best light 1 can 
why the Indians oppos'd Duke Trinkalo in his attempt of 
settling his dukedom. I will do it very particularly & so 
that it may be fit to show to L*^ Wilmington, S"" C. Wager, 
& to any other great persons you please. Thus I think I 
have answer'd all the paragraphs of your letters, except 
what relates to my good son Councellor Belcher of the 
Temple upon the grand article of matrimony, in which 

* The reference is to a letter from Paul Dudley to Jeremiah Dummer, which is men- 
tioned several times by Governor Belcher, and is printed in " The Deplorable State of New 
England " (London, 1708 ; Boston, 1721). — Eds. 



you & my good countreywoman, your lady, are so desir- 
ous to do him good ; & on this head I hardly know what 
to add to mine of 20 Dec' last, onely that he is grown 
older & the sooner he is well marry'd the better, & if it 
might be with S. H'^ daughter,* & M"^ Belcher thought 
he could be happy with her, I should be content, but I 
wouldn't have a vast mass of money tempt him to lay a 
foundation of uneasiness in a state which nothing but 
death can alter. No, he had better work hard at the 
Temple, & in Westminster Hall all his dayes. Sam. 
Reed's daughter I remember very well, & she was a pretty 
child when I was at home, and I believe would make any 
young gentleman happy.t I also know Lethuiilier's 
family. A rich merchant of that name liv'd near M"" 
Wilks in Fen Church Street when I was at London. He 
marry'd a daughter of Ned Lascelles of Newington. I 
like well the name & family, & you say M'' Belcher likes 
the young lady. I observe what you say about an orphan 
of one M' Bucks. I really think upon all considerations 
M' Belcher may reasonably expect to marry an agreeable 
young lady with ten thousand pounds, but the thing must 
be manag'd wisely and silently for fear of cross accidents. 
It would greatly re Joyce me to hear by the first ship in 
the spring that he was well & happily marry'd. I there- 
fore again commit him to you & my worthy countrey- 
woman's good care in this article of life, & in which, 
he writes me, he thinks you very capable of serving 
him. With my best wishes for you & your spouse, I 
remain, S% 

Your much obliged friend & ready servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Octobr 29, 1739. 

* One of the (laughters of Samuel Uolclen, who had a house at Roehampton. — Eds. 
t See antej p. 5. — Eds. 



S", — Since the delivery of my packet to Homans, I 
have your several kind letters of August 25, 28, & 30, 
Sep* 8 & 12 ^ Patterson, Gary, & Rowland. I observe 
my account dated the 25 August, wherein you make 
due to you, 933. 4. 5 

but then there is to come to my 

C'', paid Gatcomb in part of J. 

B'^ bill for £300 200. 

& receiv'd of Gary 13. 15 213. 15. -= 

makes 719. 9. 5 

and I shall soon pay Gatcomb & Oliver each £100 more, 
which will lessen the ballance ; & I will discharge the rest 
as fast as possible. Your letter to Greenhill goes this 
evening by the post, as that to GolP Allyn shall by first 
good conveyance. I am much oblig'd to you, brother, 
for the particular account yon give me, 30 August, of 
what past at the Gommittee of Gouncil on the Board of 
Trade's report on Gulston, Tomlinson, Wentworth & Ghap- 
man's memorial. The particular favour you receiv'd 
plainly shows your good interest with the Lords Gom- 
mittee. The return of the Lords of Trade's report back 
to them, as you observe, gains time, vexes, & puts the 
enemy to charge, and gives us better scope for defeating 
them certainly. Nothing could be offer' d more unreason- 
able & absurd than to desire the King to dismiss a good 
Governour without any foundation of complaint & with- 
out knowing a word alleg'd against him. With what face 
can my adversaries appear at the publick offices to espouse 
such falsehoods, & to pretend to make it a fault that I 
have not done what no Gov'* ever could or ought to be 
allow'd to do, viz* : the taxing of the King's subjects for 
building forts, &c*. I thank you that you will still 


watch their waters till this effort is over. Tomlinson is 
a sad mischievous fellow. I am amazed that young Green 
after my great civility to him at going away should link 
himself with my enemies. You'l deliberately read mine 
to S"" Charles Wager with what it covers. You, Coram, & 
your nephew must go together & deliver it to S'' Charles. 
What a scene of wickedness & roguery are they detected 
in in this forgery, & I verily believe Waldo, Tomlinson, & 
Dunbar were the authors of that letter. Methinks S' C. 
might impart what I send him at some proper juncture 
to S" Robert & Lord Wilmington, which might be of great 
service ; for upon their seeing what villains I have to do 
with, & that they don't stick even at forgery to stab me 
in the dark, they will have less C" for them in every thing 
else they attempt against me, and perhaps may order 
them to be quiet & 'a done with their trifling complaints. 
As you have receiv'd every thing I can send to support 
my answer to the N. Hampshire complaint I am heartily 
glad the hearing of it is to come on at the first Com- 
mittee in Nov"", when if justice can take place I have no 
doubt of coming of with honour, & to the shame of those 
that put me to such trouble & expence. When this 
affair is over, I hope you will not lose a day in bringing 
forward the grand affair of the boundaries that the two 
Provinces may know their doom & set down contented, 
& I think you & your brother Wilks have so much 
reason on your side as that you will gain favour & honour 
with your constituents. I long to hear the decision of 
those things. I am glad you will improve the interests of 
your friends, the Quakers, at hearing of the New Hamp- 
shire complaint, for it's said kissing goes by favour, & I 
know your Friends have a good interest with some of the 
Lords of the Committee. I am extreamly pleas'd with 
what you say about the Lord President, & I hope you 
will be able to recover him to be my friend. On what 
you say I now write him another letter, the stile whereof 


may perhaps suit better than what I wrote him 22 ins**, 
which you may read & return me & deliver this.* I take 
notice you say Shirley is out of the question. However, 
he is a base, ungratefull fellow. The New Hampshire 
petitions were sign'd by the subscribers in the month of 
June past ; it could not be dated on any particular day, 
because it was sign'd at different times, & it grew dirty 
& lookd old by being handed about from one honest 
countreyman to another. I believe it is not usual to put 
a date to a petition or address to the King. Yours of 8 
Sepf is onely duplicate. The original is not come to my 
hand, altho' Howland is arriv'd. I take a particular 
notice of all you say as to your proceedings in the affair 
of the boundaries, & am satisfy'd. Yet you may by un- 
deserved ill nature suffer with others. You must consider 
you have a whole Province to deal with, & every coxcomb 
thinks he may set in judgement on a Governour or an 
Agent. I really think no man can be more vigilant & 
diligent in all things you undertake than you are. Tufton 
Mason is a very sorry rascal & is to be despis'd. What I 
wrote you, brother, about the common talk here was not 
my own thoughts or opinion, but I gave you those hints 
in pure love & kindness, so you must not take it amiss. 
I thank your care about the complaint of Wood side & 
others at the Eastward, copy whereof you have sent me, 
& to which I shall indeavour to make answer by the next 
good conveyance. Woodside is a poor, beggarly wretch, 
a right, false Irish Tike, & his father, the priest, not a whit 
better. But Waldo would take hold of a straw if he 
thought he could use it to hurt the Governour. The 
reasons you gave at Board of Trade about the ruinous 
state of the fort at New Hampshire were good & can't 
be contradicted. I am glad to see you have such good 

* The letter to Lord Wilmington dated October 22 was copied into the Letter Book, and 
afterward crossed out, with a memorandum in the handwriting of Governor Belcher, " Not 
sent." It was written in a very sharp, not to say angry, tone, and would probably have 
done more harm than good. The letter substituted for it is printed on pp. 241-243. — Eds. 


courage about my commission at N. Hamj^, which I would 
not lose, if it be possible to keep it, for, as I have said 
formerly, it would be attended with ugly consequences. 
I am again greatlj^ oblig'd to you for the account of what 
past at the Board of Trade on the return of their report 
from the Privy Council about Gulston & Tomlinson's 
memorial, where Counsellour Rollings perform'd his part 
so well that things turn'd out to my honour & reputa- 
tion. I don't see with what face of justice the Lords of 
Trade can support their report. If you can bring it to 
my being serv'd with copy to make answer, it will be giv- 
ing the matter a good turn by making the adversary 
dance long attendance at a great charge, & finally to be 
mortify' d with so good an answer as I am sure I am able 
to make. For the Lords of Trade to say I am not con- 
cern'd because my name is not mention'd is perfectly 
ridiculous. By their report the Gov"" is to be turn'd out 
of commission, & who is the Gov^ but M' Belcher ? Per- 
haps the Lords of Trade would be willing it should take 
the turn I mention'd that it may become old & stale & 
forgotten, & so they salve their honour. But the matter 
must be carefully watcht at all the offices least it should 
take any sudden ill turn. 

I had almost forgot to say that I beleive my message 
to the Kepresentatives of this Province in their last ses- 
sion, where I so much asserted the King's honour & stuck 
so close to his instructions, will be of good service to me 
among the King's ministers. Altho' the Assembly voted 
me £1200 new tenour for my support, yet they have 
not supply'd one shilling to the Treasury to pay it, 
but are indeavouring to starve me this year, because I 
w^oidd not fly in the face of Majesty, & break the King's 
royal orders by signing a bill which he had forbidden 
me to do. 

I intend the next week for New Hampshire to hold 
an Assembly there, & shall write you again before I 

1739.] TO EICHARD WALDROiq-. 239 

go, if any opportunity. I am, in the mean time & 
alwayes, 8", 

Your obliged, loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, OctoV 30, 1739. 

I should be glad of your more particular answer to 
mine of 26 July about my letter to H. Walpole, &c^ 



HoN^'''' Sir, — I have yours by the post of 26 currant, 
& am glad the prorogation was so unsuspectedly & well 
manag'd. I take notice of the alteration in the choice & 
am not surpriz'd that it's for the worse. My closing message 
was in two of the prints & in the Eepresentatives Jour- 
nals. As to the seizure, I am told the unjust Judge 
sayes it's good, & on Tuesday the 6 prox' he is to be 
there to give his decree, & by w* I hear he is much afraid 
not to condemn ship & cargo, least the Gov'' should make 
a handle of it to oust him. There seems to be some 
probability of his doing right. Read to Huske what 
I write on this head. The Exeter affair you have got 
done (I thank you) in a substantial manner, & I have this 
day inclos'd it to my good S"" C. Wager. Pray give my 
kind respects to the worthy M"" Odlin when you see 
him. I am willing they should have w^hat copies they 
please of the forg'd letter. Nay, I have had thoughts of 
printing it & its antidote in our publick papers. I thank 
your hints in answer to Gulston & Tomlinson's memorial, 
all which I had wrote last week y Homans. Part of the 
papers are return'd ; the others you'l send T this post. 
Since my last several ships are got in from London, & 
I inclose you some of the letters receiv'd by them, as S'' 
C. W'^ & M^ Partridge's of August 28, 30 & Sep* 8 & 12, 
which you'l read & thoroughly weigh & say whether it 


mayn't really be best to be with you 7 prox\ I think 
these last advices are pleasant & you should comfort our 
friends with them. Notwithstanding this, the Spanish chap 
don't return till the spring. M"" Keene is recall'd from 
Madrid, by whom, perhaps, he thinks to be able to do 
great things. My friend, you never yet saw me (as the 
boys say) down daggerd. But every now & then I find 
you crest fallen. The Lords of Trade are not very mighty 
Lords, nor are they able to administer life or death. If 
God spares my life, I still hope & beleive I shall visit 
New Hampshire till age or want of health forbids me. 
Depend I'll cling like birdlime & part with nothing but 
according to the great Savoyard.^ Why then are your 
thoughts clouded ? & why can't you command them into 
such martial array as may best serve to defend the Gov'' 
& all his friends ? I doubt not but my upright endeavours 
in both Provinces to support the King's honour & interest, 
with the true welfare of his people, will go a great way 
in the sight of God, who turns the hearts of kings as 
the rivers of water, and I have strong fiiith that I shall 
soon see all my enemies gnash their teeth and melt 
away. By my last advices warr with Spain seems to 
be just at hand, that is, it is expected to be proclaim'd 
when the Parliament meets the next month, & perhaps 
France may then strike in with Spain. These apprehen- 
sions have put the King upon equipping almost every 
ship he has, which has put a stop to all trade or merchant 
ships coming from England at present, that it's very un- 
certain whether we may have another ship from London 
till April, & would n't it be giving them a greater handle 
than any they have yet had, to be absent from the Pro- 
vince for 18 months together, & at the same time a warr 
daily expected ? I say, consider, consider, & give me your 
thoughts. I have sign'd & return the proroguing procla- 
mation to be us'd or not, as you shall fmall}^ determine, 

* See ante, p. 202 — Eds. 


which I must not fail to know by the post, because if you 
advise to my coming I would perhaps set out on Monday 
next. Talk with old H. on the head. It will please 
him. Read his letter & give it him. I can say no more. 
I alwayes am 

Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Octobr 30, 1739. 

I had forgot to say phaps the affair of the seizure might 
come out better if I were on the spot. 



Most noble & most honoured Lord, — In March & 
April last I had the honour of addressing your Lordship 
in a very particular manner respecting some complaints 
I heard had been presented to your Lordship at a Com- 
mittee of his Majesty's most hon^^^ Privy Council against 
my administration in the government here & at N. Hamp- 
shire, & these letters M"" Partridge & M' Belcher write me 
they had the honour to deliver to your Lordship, which I 
hope gave your Lordship some satisfaction to those com- 
plaints. By these last ships I have an account from my 
agents at Whitehall that there had been presented at the 
Privy Council Office a memorial from one M"" Gulston, 
Tomlinson & two others respecting the Province of New 
Hampshire, which had been referr'd to the Plantation 
Board, who had return' d their report upon it without 
serving me with a copy & time to ans'' ; but that when 
it came to your Lordship's Board your Lordship sent 
it back again that I might have the justice I insisted 
upon by my agents, but was den3^'d by them, viz*, a copy 
& time to answer, & this has indeed been the steady 
course of your Lordship's justice and candour in any thing 

* See ante, p. 237. — Eps. 


that has come before your Lordship in the affairs of my 
government, for which I give your Lordship my most hum- 
ble & hearty thanks, & shall ever hold myself under the 
strictest obligations of gratitude. I find the complainants 
had, in their low art, left out my name that they might 
say it was not a complaint against me, altho' the whole 
drift & design of it was to get my commission for New 
Hampshire superseded ; & the report of the Lords of 
Trade tally'd with their design, & had not your Lordship 
interpos'd & put a stop to the manner of proceeding how 
severe & extraordinary would it have been to have de- 
priv'd a gent"" of his bread & honour, & never to have 
given him liberty of vindicating himself, — I say to have 
taken his coiiiission from him upon the ipse dixit of his 
enemies, which upon a fair hearing might appear to be 
nothing more than a heap of absurdities & falsehoods & 
the pure product of malice ; & when I am serv'd with 
copy I have no doubt to make this memorial deserve 
those epithets ; & I do most humbly beg of your Lordship 
that before any thing be past on this memorial I may be 
serv'd with copy to answer. For it cannot be expected 
my agents at a 1000 leagues distance can so fully answer 
what may nearly affect my interest & honour as I can. 
There has, my Lord, a complaint of this M"" Tomlinson 
against me, & my answer to it, lain above twelve months 
at the Privy Council Office, which he seems afraid to 
bring to a hearing & therefore stirs up M"" Gulston with 
the other two to bring on a complaint in this man- 
ner, & as it were to shoot me in the dark. But God 
be prais'd that your Lordship presides at the Council 
Board with so much justice & honour. I humbly beg 
your Lordship's patience while I mention an instance 
of his present Majesty's great justice with respect 
to one M' Gledhill, Gov"* of Placentia about ten years 
agoe, upon a complaint that was exhibited against him (I 
think by Lord Yere). A very great person went to the 

1739.] TO LORD EGMONT. 243 

King to desire he might be dismist. But the Gov'''^ 
friends found access to his Majesty, & humbly beg*^ the 
Gov"" might have liberty to answer for himself, which the 
King readily granted. Upon the gentlem'^ going again 
to his Majesty to have him put out, the King said, No, S"", 
you told me he was a very good man when I put him 
in. Yes, may it please your Majesty, so he was ; but now 
such & such complaints lye against him. To which the 
King answer'd. They may indeed bear the name of com- 
plaints, but I shall not dismiss him. Let him be serv'd 
with copies, & if he cannot clear himself, then let him be 
dismist ; but if he can, I shall still continue him as a good 
servant. He made ans"", clear'd himself, & was continued. 
I remember when I was at Court the King's justice & 
honour on this head were greatly applauded. I know my- 
self, my Lord, to have alwayes made the King's honour 
& interest, with the prosperitj^ of his people, so much 
the rule of my administration at all times that I am under 
no pain or sollicitude about complaints, if I may have 
time to answer ; & yet, may it please your Lordship, there 
will alwayes be Grumbletonians in every government. 

I have the honour to be, with the most profound 
respect & duty, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most devoted, most faithful, & most 
obedient serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Octob'^ 30, 1739. 
(Homans. Hall.) 


May it please your Lordship, — By a ship lately 
arriv'd from London I had the honour of your Lordship's 
letter of 8 June, & am to congratulate your Lordship, 

* John Percival, first Earl of Egmont, was largely interested in the settlement of Geor- 
gia, for which he obtained a charter in 1732. He died May 1, 1748. See Burke's Peerage 
and Baronetage. — Eds. 


with the rest of the Trustees of Georgia, & still more the 
people there who are spending their lives & little sub- 
stances to bring forward the settlement of that new colony, 
that the Trustees are at last resolv'd to alter the tenure 
of their grants of lands in favour of female succession. 
As to their being restrain'd from selling outright, I have 
the honour to be in opinion with your Lordship, that 
it's a wise caution, & is liberty enough that they may 
dispose by will. I read with a great deal of pleasure 
the particular account your Lordship gives me of the 
good reasoning & wise resolutions of your Trustees, & 
of the generality of the setlers of Georgia, against the 
introduction of negro (or other) slaves. Lideed, I was 
alwayes in that way of thinking, that no part of man- 
kind was made to be slaves to their fellow creatures. 
We have but few in these parts, and I wish there were 
less. From every white we may hope for a good man to 
add to the common wealth. But there is such a naturarl 
& general aversion in whites to blacks, that they will 
never mix or sodder. Nor do even Christians treat them 
much better than they do their horses & other cattle. 
I doubt not, my Lord, but these resolutions will prove 
happy articles for promoting your new plantation, which 
I heartily wish may flourish to answer all the generous 
& noble views your Lordship mentions. 

About three months agoe I receiv'd the King's com- 
mands for granting commissions of mart and reprizal to 
his Majesty's subjects against those of the King of Spain, 
which seems leading to a warr (at least with Spain), 
& may greatly affect Georgia, Augustine being in their 
near neighbourhood. I take the liberty of inclosing to 
your Lordship the copy of a letter I lately receiv'd from 
Cap* Warren of his Majesty's ship, the Squirrel, the 
station ship for this place, who by special orders from the 
Lords of the Admiralty is gone in quest of Spaniards. 
By this letter your Lordsliip will see in what a poor 

1739.] TO THOMAS CORAM. 245 

deplorable condition Carolina was, that a small armament 
from the Havanna might make an easy conquest of that 
colony & Georgia. And if a warr comes on it seems 
absolutely necessary for the preservation of those two 
valuable colonies that the Crown should speedily send 
a sufficient strength not onely for their protection, but 
also for bringing S* Augustine into subjection to his Brit- 
tannick Majesty. It was a maxim with old Rome, Delenda 
est Carthago. Carolina & Georgia can never be safe & 
easy while they have such a nest of vermin as Augustine 
so nigh them. 

I am, my Lord, under a very sensible obligation for 
the honour you did M"^ Belcher at his chambers, & am 
sorry he was so unfortunate as not to be at home. Your 
Lordship will readily conceive what a pleasure it is to a 
fond father to hear it said that his son follows his studies 
with reputation, & this satisfaction I have from several 
of his acquaintance. May God Almighty preserve his 
health, establish his vertue & increase his diligence, that 
he may in time be capable of the service of his King & 
countrey. If it may at any time fall in your Lordship's 
way to promote him in the business of his profession, 
I shall take it as a singular mark of respect & 

I humbly pray your Lordship to command me to any 
services here within the power of, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most obliged, most faithful & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov^ 13, 1739. 


S% — I wrote you at large 29 last month f Homans, 
& am now to repeat my request that you would not fail 
to procure & send me the original forg'd letter wrote to 


S' Charles & copies of the affidavits made out against me 
by Auchmuty & Shirley. Explain to me in the most 
particular manner you can the affair of the Yorkshire- 
man's father dying in his shoos.* Sometime since I 
roceivd a letter from you about money that was due 
to M"^ Belagh from her brother Peacock at Piscataqua. 
I have made all the inquiry & done all the service I can 
in it. The man is poor, & I believe not very honest. 
Please to deliver M" Belagh the inclosed. I am sorry 
I am not able to serve her. I wish you would in the 
wisest manner you can get an advertisem* into your 
publick prints respecting Duke Trinkalo's world in the 
moon. Look into my letter of 20 Decembr. last on that 
head. It may be by way of a letter from a Friend in 
New England to his Friend at London. Such a thing 
would intirely overset Trinkalo, make him clap his tail 
between his legs, & leer home like a dog, as he is. Put 
this in practice, 'twill do your friend good service. I am 
now making out an answer to the Irish complaint set 
afoot by him, which will set forth why the Indians op- 
pos'd his settling. Let me, S"", again most earnestly 
recommend to your respect & care my dear M'' Belcher 
of the Temple, & also to good JVP' Coram in the article of 
matrimony. Thirty years old I think a good age to*enter 
into that state, & it would be pleasing to me to hear by 
the first ship in the spring that he was marry'd to his 
own content & to the good approbation of his friends. 
By this ship I press M"" Newman, under AP Belcher's 
covert for the preacher's original letter to the dece'd 
J. D. I am alwayes, worthy S% 

Your friend & ready serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Nov^ 20, 1739. 

* See ante, p. 232. — Eds. f See ante, p. 233. — Eds. 



My very good Friend, — I find by my Copy Book 
I wrote you at large in January last, & am sorry you give 
me just reason to complain that the year is almost roll'd 
about without a line from dear M'" Newman, which I hope 
the ships daily expected will bring me. This comes to ask 
after your health & is under M"" Belcher's cover, & he is 
order'd to deliver it into your own hands, to pray you to let 
liim have the letter dropt in your lodgings, being from 
M"" Dudley to M"" Dummer, now deceas'd. It can be of 
no service to you, but may be considerably so to me, and 
as it shall alwayes remain a secret how it came to my 
hands, I fully depend you will show me a new instance 
of your sincere respect by letting me be possest of it, 
1 am, dear Sir, 

Your hearty friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov' 20, 1739. 

(Hall. Curling.) 


Sir, — Yesterday I receiv'd T Macdonald your kind 
letters of Sept^ 27, Octob^ 2 & 6 (the first being a dupli- 
cate). I must thankfully own my great obligations to you 
for your indefatigable care in all things relating to me & 
to my government. I am much pleas'd with the steps 
you have taken to soften Coll. Bl— d — n, & I beleive it 
has had some success, because I have a long letter from 
the Board of Trade in a handsomer stile than formerly. 
You must therefore in all proper ways & means go on to 
soften him, as I am sensible it must greatly contribute to 
my ease in the government, & will also strike away a prin- 
cipal prop to my wicked, unjust, unreasonable enemies. 


I am determined to set down & write him the handsomest 
letter I can, leaving it to the perusal of yourself & Coun- 
sellour Bekher to be deliver'd or not as you shall think 
best. By gaining him we may perhaps have the whole 
Board, k the more easily recover L^ Presid*. As to the 
report of the Board, unless they are willing to let it dye 
where it is, it will be the next best thing strenuously to 
insist that I be serv'd with a copy, or if they should con- 
firm & return it to the Privy Council, then to urge it with 
L"^ President that 1 be serv'd with copy to make answ^ I 
take a particular notice, brother, of the scheme you have 
form'd to serve the Massachusetts. The Assembly is to 
sit here the next week, when I shall communicate it to 
such members as I have interest with, & do all in my 
power to promote it. But I must observe to you that the 
Assemblies of this Province have always been obstinately 
averse to pass any bill with a saving clause for the King's 
pleasure, saying to pass bills in such a manner would be 
to take away one of the greatest priviledges in the Charter. 
As God in his providence seems to be laying honest M' 
Wilks aside from business, I should be glad (if it were 
possible) to get you in as standing Agent, but almost 
despair of it, there are so many parties & factions in the 
present Assembly. Christ" Kilby goes with Hall as Agent 
to the Eeps, & it mayn't be amiss for you to have a 
proper acquaintance with him. I beleive he & his party 
are fully sensible he is going on a fruitless errand, yet I 
am not all displeas'd they send. I don't suppose it would 
be a difficult thing for the Assembly here to get leave to 
emit a good suiii of bills of c'^, provided they would take 
effectual care in the act by which they should go out to 
Cix their value unalterably ; & bills that are not so are but 
a publick fraud & cheat to all those that take 'em. But 
more of this after the Assembly here get together. I shall 
by the first opportunity send your letter to the Speaker* 

* Hon. John Quincy, of Braintree. — Eds. 


(who lives 10 miles from hence). .As you are Agent to 
the whole legislature your letters ought alwayes to be 
directed to the Secretary, & not to any single branch of 
the government^ as the House of Representatives is. You 
say you are as fully instructed as you possibly can be in 
the affair of the boundaries, & that you with M"" Sollicitor 
Sharp will exert yourselves to the utmost ; and as you 
write the New Hamp complaint against me is to come on 
the first Committee of Council in this month, I hope as 
soon as that is over you will not fail to push the affair of 
the boundaries to a final issue. Had it not been for the 
hopes the clan at New Hampshire entertain'd of gaining 
some advantage against the Gov"" in the controversy, I am 
sensible they had never given themselves any trouble 
about it, so that I suppose they don't at all care whether 
anything more be done, & especially since I beleive they 
have no hopes of things going as they would have them. 
But as it is a vast damage to this Province to have the 
matter lye as it does, I would once more (even for your 
own interest) beg you to give it all the dispatch in your 
power. Upon a Committee from hence some months agoe 
meeting a Committee from Rhode Island about the pend- 
ing controversy, they found no real inclination in Rhode 
Island to have Commiss""^ chosen here to adjust the dis- 
pute, yet if I am able to judge it would be on all heads 
best & wisest so to do. Inclosed is Secretary Willard's 
certificate about my 15 instruction, to be made use of 
in case the new Agent of the House of Representatives 
should make any complaint against the Gov"" about it. I 
am exceedingly oblig'd to you for the warmth w^ith which 
you express yourself about my New Hampshire commis- 
sion, which I would not lose for a great consideration, 
especially to have it rent from me by my enemies. I 
thank you for what you say about Sh — r — ly, & after- 
wards in general as to my two commissions ; yet it's best 
to be vigilant at all the publick offices. 1 am getting 



forward as fast as possible with my ans'' to the complaint of 
the Irish people in our eastern parts. This is a piece of 
Waldo's malice, but you may depend it will finally do me 
as much honour as the other Dunbar & Waldo cookt up, 
& got Gulston & company to subscribe to. I w^ill give 
this thing all the dispatch I possibly can, but shall not 
be able to send it away in less than three weeks or a 
month, because a man is gone this day to S* George's 
Kiver, about 60 lea. from hence, to bring me up some 
things necessary to the compleating my answer. You 
must therefore take care the matter be not hurry' d on to 
a hearing till you receive my answer. I see there is yet 
no war with Spain, & since a peace is concluded on betw^een 
the Turks, Russians, & Germans, perhaps France w^on't be 
very ready to join with Spain. This therefore seems to 
be the opportunity for G* Britain's obtaining justice from 
the Court of Spain. I am sorry the cyder was mostly lost 
in the passage. I thought it would be best preserv'd in 
bottles ; but I '11 send some more in the season in cask. 
I like well M"" Belcher's presenting the pickles to Lady 
Wager, & I shall send what birds I can next summer. 
You say nothing, brother, of the rocquelo ^ I wrote for, 
which I very much want, because I have none fit to 
wear this winter. I hope you will not fail to send it 
by next ship. It's hardly worth while to disappoint 
me in such trifles, because I must have such things as 
are necessary, & am loth to make any little remittances 
for them to any body else. I would repeat to you I 
have a great dependence on the seeds I have desir'd 
you to send by first in the spring for my farm. I 

' ' Your loving broth^ J. B. 

Boston, Novr 26, 1739. 
(Hall. Curling.) 

* An overcoat, more properly called roquelaure, from the Due de Roquelaure, who 
introduced its use in the time of Louis XIV. Governor Belcher not only imported wearinf^ 
apparel from the mother country for himself, his wife, and servants, but he also ordered 
houseliold furnishinirs. — Eds. 

1739.] TO MAETIN BLADEN. 251 


Sir, — Altlio' I had wrote you 4 or 5 years agoe, to 
which I had not receiv'd the favour of an answer, yet I 
find by my Copy Book that I wrote you again the 19 
June, 1736, by the hands of Cap* Durell, & which, he 
wrote me, he dehver'd ; & upon a review of it I cannot 
but confirm every thing I then said, & by your continued 
silence you might well expect not to be persecuted with 
any more unwelcome letters from me, & if this proves so, 
I will ask 1000 pardons & 'a' done. Will you allow me, 
S"", to be free & expostulate with you as one gent"" might 
with another. After I had kist the king's hand for my 
governments & resided at Whitehall, I have said on all 
occasions that nobody treated me with more civility & 
more gentlemanly than did ColP Bladen. I should there- 
fore be glad to know what I have done as a Gov'" or as 
M"" Belcher to give you disgust. I am, indeed, perfectly 
ignorant in the matter, if any there be, & if I might be 
acquainted with it I would readily do what you might 
judge proper, or might be expected from a gent"". My 
friends tell me, from a coldness they find in ColP 
Bladen to my interest my affairs labour at your Board. 
I freely ask pardon if I have unwittingly given you 
offence, & desire you to let me hope for your future 
favour & kind offices, & I will promise you never to 
dishonour your friendship. 

In the execution of the commissions w^ith which the 
King has honoured me I am not afraid of the worst of 
my enemies taxing my administration, nor have they 
been able with their most poignant malice hitherto to 
fix a blot upon me, when I have had copies & time to 
answer, & which is doubtless the right of the King's 
Governour, & indeed of the meanest subject the King 


I thank joii, S% for the copy of the complaint of John 
North, Esq'','^ & others against me. to which I am now pre- 
paring my particular answer, and hope to have it ready to 
go in three weeks from this time, & which, I doubt not, 
will make it clear to you, & the rest of the Lords Com- 
miss""' for Trade & Plantations how grossly I am abus'd & 
vilely treated in that petition. My enemies stick neither 
at lying nor forgeries to hurt me if they could ; but God 
Almighty detects them & protects the innocent. I ask 
pardon for this trouble, & if you would put it in my 
power to render you any acceptable service in this part 
of the world, I should take it as an obligation laid on, 
Hon'^^ Sir, 

Your most obedient & most hum. serv\ 

J. B. 

Boston, Deer 3d, 1739. 

(Curling. Hoar.) 


Sir, — I must pray you to take our good friend Coram 
with you to S'' Charles immediately on receipt of this, that 
I may not fail of what I have once & again wrote you 
about your nephew here. I am sensible many others 
have wrote, but as my letters, I beleive, were the earliest, 
I hope your good care will prevent any baulk in the 
matter. S"", 

Your very good friend & brother. J. B. 

Boston, Decemb'' 13, 1739. 
(Hoar. Richardson.) 

* John North was appointed a Justice of the Peace for the County of York, in 1733, by 
Governor Belcher on the recommendation of Lieutenant-Governor Dunbar. See 6 Mass. 
Hist. Coll. vol. vi. pp. 320, 348. — Eds. 

1739.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 253 


HoN^'*'^ Sir, — The 29 last month I askt your favour 
for my son M"" Andrew Belcher to be Register of the 
Court of Admiralty here in case of a vacancy, since which 
M' John Boydill, the late Register, dy'd (the 10*^ ins^ in 
the morning), & I have this day appointed my son to be 
Register of the said Court, & pray he may have a com- 
mission from your board for that place in the usual form, 
which I shall esteem as a fresh obligation laid on, S'', 

Your Honour's most faithfull & most obedient servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Dec 13, 1739. 

(Hoar. Richardson.) 


Mat it please your Lordships, — Agreeable to mine 
of the 12*^ of last month I have now the honour to cover 
to your Lordships the account you wrote for respecting 
the paper currency of this Province. I think they are 
done in conformity to the addresses of both Houses of 
Parliament to his Majesty, & I hope with good exactness, 
so as to be easily lookt into & understood. 

Those of New Hampshire are not yet finisht, & I am 
afraid will not come out very compleat. The publick 
papers and records of that Province not having been kept 
in so good order as they have been here, and the misfor- 
tune the Secretary met with a few years agoe of having 
his house burnt, wherein were most of the publick papers, 
may occasion the account from thence to be still more 
imperfect. However, as that Province is but small the 
emissions of paper currency have been in proportion, and 
I beleive the accounts from this Province may serve for a 


rule for that ; yet I shall get the accounts from thence 
made out as soon as possible & transmit them to your 

I humbly hope, my Lords, when the accounts of this 
kind from the several plantations are thoroughly exam- 
ined & consider'd, they will produce an Act of Parliament 
to forbid all paper currency in the plantations for the 
future, or if it must be suffer'd so to regulate it as that 
when bills are emitted the several governments shall be 
oblig'd to maintain the value of them unalterably, for the 
way which most of the provinces have been in for many 
years past of emitting their bills is but one continual fraud 
upon all mankind that give any credit to them. I have 
the honour to be, with great respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obedient & most h. servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Decemb^ 24, 1739. 
Via Bristol ^ Fadre. 


S% — I have duly receiv'd your favour of Sepf 14 & 
Octob'' 21, by way of Rhd. Island, & was glad to find you 
well arriv'd at Carolina, & sorry for the melancholy ac- 
count you gave me of the distress of that colony from 
the sickness & from the rising of the negroes. By some 
later accounts those things, I see, were pretty well over. 
I am heartily sorry you hadn't the good fortune to make 
your compliments to the Gov"" of Carthagene, & to have 
drank the King of Spain's health with such a handsome 
token. Gen^^ Oglethorpe may have different orders from 

* Capt. Peter Warren was at this time in command of the ship Squirrel, the ship for 
the Boston station, and had sailed a few months before on a cruise to the southward. He 
was born in 1703, and entered the British navy at the age of twenty-four, gradually rising 
to the rank of Admiral. He had command of the naval force in the successful expedition 
against Louisbourg, and was made a Vice-Admiral for his services at that time, and after- 
ward knighted. He died July 29, 1752. See Drake's Dictionary of American Biography, 
p. 1)58, and Parsons's Life of Sir William Pepperrell, joass/w. — Eds. 

1739-40.] TO THE LORDS OF TEADE. 255 

the rest of the Gov""^ in the Plantations ; but I have seen 
none that allow of any thing more than reprizals at sea. 
Yet I could heartily wish there might be an opportunity 
of reducing Augustine, or (as you justly observe) it will 
alwayes be a thorn in the sides of Carolina & Georgia. I 
rejoyce in your good health in that sickly countrey. 
God Almighty continue it, & send you well hither some- 
time in February, which I look upon a better month for 
the coast than March, & if the rupture holds we shall 
be very naked, & the trade, I expect, will be insulted by 
pickeroons from Cape Breton with Spanish commissions ; 
therefore your own station will want you. M'' Peagrum, 
Frankland, Belcher, & M'' Fitch return you their re- 
spectful compliments. Poor Boydill, after a strong 
struggle with a fever, jaundice, &c% dyd the 11 currant, 
belov'd as much as any man in his life & so lamented 
in his death. I hear M"' Warren & all the good family 
are well at New York. I shall with a great deal of pleasure 
receive any commands you may have in this government, 
because I am, with the most sincere respect, 8% 

Your friend & most obedient serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Dec' 24, 1739. 


May it please your Lordships, — The 24 of last 
month I transmitted to your Lordships the particular ac- 
count of the paper currency of this Province, from the 
year 1702 to 1738, the duplicate whereof I now inclose 
to your Lordships, whereby you will presently see what 
difference arose in the value of the paper currency be- 
tween the years above mention'd, viz*, above 300 f cent 
in the exch"" between Groat Britain & this Province. ' For 
in 1702, £136 in paper currency would purchase £100 ; 
but in 1738, £500 paper currency would not purchase 

256 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

£100 st^ TIlis alone must feelingly demonstrate to all 
that have given C to these bills that they have been issu'd 
iij^on a false fomidation, & so they have been & are one 
constant fraud & cheat upon all persons that have given 
them a C". If a like instruction with that of his Majesty 
to his Gov'" of this Province could have been extended to 
all the other plantations happy had it been for all the 
British traders to these colonies, as well as to the inhab- 
itants ; & this Province particularly, which carry's on so 
large a trade to Great Britain, have greatly sunk their 
own interest, & still more that of the traders from G* 
Britain hither by large emissions of this sort of bills of 
credit, & by putting the calling of them in at long & 
distant periods ; & another misfortune that has done & 
does attend the trade here is the giving C"" to the bills 
emitted by the Governm* of Rhode Island, of which 
they have made great quantities. The last year they 
emitted £100,000, & gave 20 years for the calling 
it in, & altho' this government made a law against its 
passing, yet the people of this Province constantly take 

I inclose to your Lordships a short sketch of the rise, 
nature, & progress of what they call bills of c"" here, which 
may serve as some further light to your Lordships in this 

I confirm all I wTote your Lordships on this subject 
20^^ of October last & humbly referr thereto. And for 
preventing the ruin of the King's Provinces in America 
I heartily wish an act of Parliament may sufficiently pro- 
hibit their ever striking and emitting any bills of c"" for 
the future, unless they will do it in such a manner as .may 
maintain their value invariable. 

The Assembly of this Province, my Lords, have lately 
sat from the ^^^ of December to the 11*^ currant, & not- 
withstanding I have in this & two preceeding sessions laid 
before them the naked, defenceless state of the Province 

1739-40.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 257 

& the just & necessary support of the government, yet 
they have & do still keep the Treasury empty to the in- 
dangering of the King's Province & the lives & estates of 
his people, and at same time do violent injustice to all 
the officers of the government in keeping them out of 
their just due. They also refuse to draw in to the value 
of £25j000 of their bills, which they are oblig'd by law 
to do at this time, which is a manifest wrong to all that 
have given C to their bills, for when they are not punc- 
tually drawn in it naturally sinks their value. I cannot, 
my Lords, but admire at the presumption of the House of 
Reps here in their sending home an Agent once more to 
indeavour to get of his Majesty's 16**" instruction to me, 
when his Majesty has declar'd his high displeasure at an 
attempt of this kind. Besides what occasion have they 
to ask his Majesty's favour in easing the burden of their 
taxes, or to desire to lay their funds for the future beyond 
the year 1741, when the language of their present prac- 
tice is, — If his Majesty will not listen to their unreason- 
able request they will answer it without him, in resolving 
to break their own law\s by not drawing in their bills, nor 
will they grant any supply for the support & defence of 
the government ? But if the House of Representatives of 
this Province are so lost to all reason, justice, & a sense 
of their duty to the King & to his people, I neither dare 
nor will suppose that the King will hear & see these 
things, & give up so fine a countrey as this and the great 
number of people in it. Yet, my Lords, I really fear this 
may be the case if the Assembly go on to persist in the 
obstinate way they are now in ; for Castle William, the 
key of this countrey, & all the forts on the frontiers have 
hardly men sufficient to sweep out their platforms, nor 
have they any tolerable stock of powder or other warlike 
stores, and most of the garrisons in the frontiers are 
dropping down ; & in as wretched a condition is the 
Province as to any defence by sea, having no ship to 


258 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

protect the trade. 2 or 3 Spanish privateers of 20 to 30 
guns may lye in the Bay & take every ship coming from 
Great Britain or elsewhere. This is the naked, forlorn 
condition of this Province, which in duty to his Majesty & 
in tenderness to his people, I am oblig'd thus to lay be- 
fore you, & now repeat my request of 20 October last that 
I may receive his Majesty's further orders as he shall 
think necessary for his own honour & for the safety of his 
people in this difficult conjuncture of affairs ; and I pray I 
may have them as soon as possible to lay before the As- 
sembly which may have some tendency to bring them to 
a sense of their danger & duty. The Assembly have 
almost forgot how near their behaviour was of being laid 
before the British Parliament ten years agoe, and are 
now indeavouring to starve the King's Governour be- 
cause he will not fly in the face of Majesty & break over 
the royal orders he has received for his conduct in the 
administration of the government, for altho' they granted 
me £1200 in the last May session for my support, yet 
they have not to this day made provision for the pay- 
ment of one farthing of it. Indeed, I got <£700 of it 
much against their wills from a surplusage remaining on 
an old fund in the Treasury. I had almost forgot to say 
to your Lordships that upon a narrow scrutiny of the 
Charter of this Province I don't think there can be found 
the least power or liberty for the Assembly to strike & 
issue bills of credit to pass in lieu of money, especially 
such as have not a fixt unalterable value, & perhaps on an 
examination of the charters of all the other colonies, it 
may be found they have been mistaken in the exercise of 
such a powder. 

I have, my Lords, got from New Hamp the best 
account I can of the paper currency there from its begin- 
ning, & have now the honour to inclose it to your Lord- 
ships. That Province, not half so big or numerous as 
some countys of this, and always groaning under their 

1739-40.] TO RICHARD WALDRON. 259 

poverty, have not thought themselves able to support 
proper officers for keeping the affairs & records of the 
Province in a good & regular manner, & this is one rea- 
son the inclosed account is not so particular & compleat 
as I could wish. This ship not proceeding to London, I 
must omit sending your Lordships the Journals of this last 
sitting of the House of Reps here, which I shall do by the 
next conveyance to London. 

I have prorogued this Assembly to the 12 of March 
next, when I have no expectation of meeting them in a 
more dutiful temper, & must therefore pray a particular 
answer from your Lordships to this & mine of 20 of 
October last. 

The 31 of this month I am to be at New Hampshire to 
meet the Assembly there & on my return shall give your 
Lordships the account of their proceedings. 

I have the honour to be, w^ith great respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obed* & most h. serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, January 14, 1739/40. 

(Cragy.) Laggit, & again ¥ Snelling. 


D"" Sir, — I have your favour of 11 instant with the 
certificate, & 2 more, you say, are to come by the carrier. 
My letters T Forbes were but to 11 of October, but by 
Orrock to 26, covering a second report of the Lords of 
Trade, copy of which I inclose you. You'll read it, & 
make & send me such remarks as you think proper. I 
don't yet intend to part with New Hampshire, but will 
stick to it like bird-lime. You'l now see an absolute 
necessity of my being w^ith you according to the proroga- 
tion, & you may depend on it, God sparing my life & 
health. I expect nothing but wickedness, & to hold an 

260 THE BELCHER PAPEES. [1739-40. 

Assembly purely to strengthen my enemies ; yet I'll in- 
deavour to be patient, & we must make ourselves strong 
against the report, which I look upon to be exprest in 
faint, languid terms, and I have no doubt of oversetting it 
when it comes to be heard before the Privy Council. 
What if the report should go into the publick prints, 
would it not do service by exasperating the people of 
your Province? One good thing would be to form an 
address from it to the King, to be sign'd by every Coun- 
sellour on our side, the Judges of the Courts, Sherriffe, 
Justices, & all the persons of figure & note we can get, to 
pray the King to ward of such a punishment from the 
Province as those vile people are aiming at. Courage, 
my friend, and bestir yourself for this critical occasion. 
An overthrow of this will tire the enemy, & I doubt not 
make 'em despair. 

Depend Sh — r — ly is to be the separate Governour, if 
any. I shall talk about our Sarah ^ when I see you. I 
intend to manage the baggage according to my own 
humour, and let her go on scolding & fretting. 

The address I mention should be sent me as soon as 
possible, to go away before your Assembly meets ; for I 
expect they are preparing something to be past in the 
House to forward the report, and that they'll go upon it 
the first hour they meet, that it may get home before 
I can send anything to spoil the success of the report. 
Think closely on this matter, & do the best you can. 

Your very good friend. J. B. 

Boston, January 14, 1739/40. 

* Paul Dudley. — Eds. 

1739-40.] TO RICHARD PARTRIDGE. 261 


S% — My last was 24 Dec'^ (T Fadre to Bristol) with 
my answer to the complaint of John North, Esq'', and 
others, in which, because I would lose no time I was will- 
ing to be at the charge of postage of that large packet 
from Bristol to London, and I have the duplicate ready 
for the first ship going direct to London. My answer is 
so full & particular as I think will be sufficient to dismiss 
the complaint and vindicate my honour. 

I am now to own your kind favours of the 11, 17, & 
26 October, which came to hand the 8**" currant T Forbes, 
& 10 "^ Orrock. I own your vigilance & constant advices 
to me with a great deal of gratitude, and find after all 
that the Lords of Trade in justification of their first 
unreasonable report have thought themselves oblig'd (un- 
der a false notion of honour) to go on in the same manner 
with their second report. However, they seem to have 
some regret at what they had done by expressing them- 
selves in faint, languid terms; and it seems to me that 
they have been persecuted by the petitioners & drag'd as 
a bear to the stake to make report. I really wonder how 
gent"" of their good sense, and who would lay claim to 
so much honour, could possibly treat me so unjustly in 
indeavouring to rend New Hampshire from me. As the 
sitting of the Assembly here was finisht the 11 currant, 
God sparing my life & health, I shall meet an Assembly 
at New Hampshire the 31 of this month, when I expect 
there will be mighty efforts made by the House of Repre- 
sentatives to be sent to Tomlinson to facilitate the Board 
of Trade's report passing the Privy Council ; & when I 
am there I shall indeavour to get an address to the King 
from as many men of figure as I can to prevent it. And 
in the mean time you must narrowly watch the matter, 
for you may depend Tomlinson will hurry it on, if pos- 

262 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

sible ; for Rind ge and he are £1200 str. in advance about 
the line, of which they never expect to get a farthing 
unless they can get the Governour out. If they could 
obtain their point and the people have the charge of a 
separate Governour put upon them it would be an in- 
supportable burden to that poor, starving, miserable 
Province ; indeed it's a shame it should be called a gov- 
ernment. I beleive we have several single counties in 
this Province more than as big again as that Province in 
land & other estate & people, & in time of warr it's not 
possible for that Province to subsist without the assist- 
ance of the Massachusetts ; & to set them on their own 
legs would not be a likely way to obtain help & favour 
from hence. Altho', brother, that government is so mean 
as it is, yet I would not lose it if it be possible to hold 
it ; & as you have been so very serviceable to me in this 
matter already, I beg of you still to go on to use all the 
interest you can make to prevent it, for if my enemies 
could obtain that point it would be attended with more 
mischiefs than you can easily imagine. Among other 
things it would be a leading card to get me out of this 
government also, if all other measures fail. Your Friends 
at London, with a letter from M"* Gurney of Norwich to 
S"" R. & to the Duke, would stop it at last. But I hope 
you will urge to have a hearing at the Privy Council, not- 
withstanding that at the Board of Trade, & that upon it 
my Lord Wilmington, according to his usual justice, will 
dismiss the petition and report; for it would be very 
extraordinary to take away a gentleman's commission 
without being able to fix on him the least fault ; and if 
they are defeated at the Privy Council I beleive they 
will despair & let us be quiet. By the first conveyance 
to London I intend to write S'' R., the Duke, & L** 
Presid'^ on this head, for I will stick like bird-lime to 
what affects my interest or honour. The Assembly here 
have lately sat above five weeks, & have made no supply 

1739-40.] TO EICHARD PARTRIDGE. 263 

to the Treasury, but left the Province naked & defence- 
less, and all the officers of the government are kept out 
of their just due. 

By this conveyance I write the Lords of Trade particu- 
larly on this head, & have pray'd them to represent to 
his Majesty the miserable condition of the Province in 
this time of war, and all thro' the obstinacy & perverse- 
ness of the present House of Representa""^'. A gent"" who 
told Sh — r — ly of what you write sayes he absolutely 
deny'd it & scorn'd the thoughts of it ; and I was told that 
his wife had her lodgings at the D. N. C% & that he ex- 
pected a commission for this government. I am also told 
that Yeamans has been making interest for a year or two 
past for this government. These reports may put you 
upon making a more curious inquiry at the offices. 

I hear nothing of the letter you mention procur'd by 
that sorry rascal Woodside from the Board of Trade, in 
which he needed not to have given himself the trouble, for 
I never yet deny'd the seal in either Province to any one 
that properly apply'd for it. I shall pay ColP Sherburne 
the 2. 14. str., with the exch*. I thank your care in 
sending the stock buckle, cost £3. 15. 6 ; it is a neat peice 
of work and pleases me. 

The papers of your friend Kinsey are really ingeniously 
writ, & do you a great deal of C"' & honour. 

If you will write a proper letter*to the Gov'' of Connec- 
ticut to be communicated to their Assembly next May, I 
will use my utmost interest for ^^our service. I thank 
you for the proclam^ of warr with Spain, and am full in 
opinion that it will soon be declar'd with France also. 
Give my hearty respects to Cap* Coram, & tell him I shall 
answer what he has wrote f Orrock & Forbes by the first 
direct conveyance to London. I find M'' Belcher was gone 
to Bath. I hope it was not for want of health ; give him 
my dear & kind love. I wish he was well marry'd & 
setl'd. He is at full age. I am asham'd that I have not 

264 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

been able to pay M"" Gatcomb the remaining £100 on M*" 
Belcher's bill of 100 £ to M^ Oliver. But the Assembly 
here serve me basely, as they do all those who have money 
due from the government. However, I am about selling 
something to pay of those two bills. 
With my best respects, I remain, S^, 

Your loving broths J. B. 

Boston, Jatiy 15, 1739/40. 

(Cragy.) Laggit & again ^ Snelling. 


Sir, — The 23 July last I did myself the honour of 
owning the receit of your Excellency's letter of the 9^^ 
of April, & made answer to that part of it which re- 
spected M'^ Dudley's complaint of my obstructing him in 
his office as Deputy Auditor here to your Excellency. "* I 
am now to reply to what relates to my negativing M"" 
Dudley when chosen into the Council, and in this matter 
I must beg your Excellency's candour & to hear me with 
patience. As to M"" Dudley's family which your Excel- 
lency mentions, I choose to be silent; but your Excellency 
will please to allow me to know his character in general 
and in particular perfectly well for thirty years past, and 
wish it had been (or was) now ver^ good. But waving 
that, I will enter into his behaviour to me for a long 
time past. When I was at Whitehall in the year 1715, 
I hapn'd into an acquaintance with ColP Shute, and put 
him upon asking the King for this government, & I solli- 
cited it for him at same time, and we had the desired 
success; & I then had a very good understanding wnth 
this M'' Dudley, & by his request got a promise from 
ColP Shute to make his brother a Sherriffe of the princi- 

* Governor Belcher's Letter Book for the early part of 1739 is not in the possession of 
the Historical Society, and we have no copy of this letter. — Eds. 

1739-40.] TO HORACE WALPOLE. 265 

pal county of this Province, & on the Governour's arrival 
here he accordingly put him into that office (and was one 
of the best in the Governour's gift). On my return to 
New England M'' Dudley put me upon asking the Gov- 
ernour to make him one of the Justices of the Superiour 
Court of this Province (another of the best places in his 
gift). This also was done. In short, Sir, all the interest 
I had in the Gov"" (which was not a little) was alwayes at 
M"" Dudley's service. I also imploy'd all my skill & influ- 
ence with the Assembly to get him chosen one of the 
Council at that time, & it was done. After Gov'" Shute 
had been here a few years, he grew uneasy by the oppo- 
sition he met with from the Assemblies, and from the ill 
offices of some private gentlemen, of which he alwayes 
suspected this M"" Dudley to be one (as he often said to 
me), but I told him he made such solemn protestations to 
me to the contrary that I could not think it. Be that as 
it will, in a little time after these things ColP Shute left 
the government & went for England, & JVP Dudley's 
brother-in-law (the then Lieu* GovO of course took the 
chair, & was commander-in-chief for some years, when M"^ 
Dudley took the opportunity of quarrelling with me to 
pay me for all my civilities. 

I had the honour for several years to be of his Majesty's 
Council, but was then often told M'' Dudley took great 
pains to have me left out in the choice, & sometimes did 
effect it, intirely forgetting how kindly & free from the 
least private view I had got him & his brother into places 
of profit & honour. When I arriv'd here with his Majes- 
ty's commission for the government I found him in the 
station to which I had formerly recommended him (one 
of the Justices of the Supreme Court, but had lost his 
choice for a Counsellour). When I was about to make a 
settlement in the civil offices of the government, I sup- 
pose his own guilt of monstrous ingratitude to me put 
him into a panick least I should drop him out of the 


266 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

Superiour Court; he therefore sent to me (as I was told) 
to intreat my favour in that matter. I answer'd that he 
not only knew the way to the Gov'''' house, but ought to 
know that it was his duty to come himself, after which he 
came & made me so many professions of friendship & of his 
sincere wishes for my prosperity in the government & of 
his great attachment to my interest & honour that altho' 
I so well knew the man (& had no reason to beleive him 
a man of truth, but of the vilest ingratitude), yet I was 
prevail'd on (contrary to the resolution I had taken) to 
confi-rm him in the place before mention'd. This being 
done, he paid me for my favour in the old way, taking 
occasions at the Council Board to treat me with insuffer- 
able insolence, no wayes consistent with the King's honour 
or my own, & not content with bearing upon me in a rude 
unmannerly w^ay there, he took occasions to strike at the 
profits I might make of the governments as to grants the 
Assembly made me. These things notwithstanding, I put 
on unusual patience, one year after another, with this 
ungrateful man, hoping he w^ould come to his senses & 
see his folly & ingratitude. But I found w^aiting for his 
more mannerly behaviour was to no purpose, and that I 
must either quit the chief chair of government or set 
there to be insulted by him. I must also observe to your 
Excellency, while he was at the Council Board he would 
be often bearing upon the King's interest and honour in 
his part of debates & in his votings. Considering these 
things many gentlemen at the Council Board have said 
to me that they w^onder'd I would suffer him to set there ; 
nay, I have been told that a very near relation of his wdio 
sat with him there should say, had he been Governour he 
should not have allow'd him to have sat there half so 
long as he did. 

I doubt not but he has taken care to acquaint your 
Excellency that his father w\as once Governour of this 
Province (for this I look upon the greatest merit he can 

1739-40.] TO HOEACE WALPOLE. 267 

lay claim to), and while he was Governonr it was no 
strange thing for him to disallow in the choice of Coim- 
sellours such as he thought not proper to sit with him at 
that Board, for which I referr your Excellency to the 
inclosed records, where you will find he expung'd the 
names of five at one time, and with some marks of igno- 
miny, and for two years together he disallow'd of Nathaniel 
By field. Esq"", to whom he had been under great obliga- 
tions, which some wonder'd at. Indeed, as to myself, 
I alwayes justify' d Gov"" Dudley's not allowing M"" Byfield 
to sit with him at the Council Board, because I had often 
heard M*" Byfield treated Gov"^ Dudley much in the man- 
ner his son, the present M"" Paul Dudley, has me. 

As the royal charter for this Province has reserv'd to 
the King's Governour a negative voice on all elections, 
I think it should alwayes be exercis'd w4ien necessary 
for the support of the King's honour & authority or of 
that of his Gov"", which is the same thing, for his Majesty 
is pleased in his royal orders to his Governour for his 
conduct in his administration to stile him the representa- 
tive of his royal person here. I would beg leave further 
to let your Excellency into this gentleman's late conduct 
in this government. After I had excluded him a seat at 
the Council Board, he got himself chosen a representative 
for the town where he lives,* and in this last session of 
the Assembly, in his debates & votes in that House, has 
been full of opposition to his Majesty's royal orders to 
his Governour respecting the drawing in of what monies 
were necessary for the support of the King's government 
& for the defence of his people. But I must forbear or 
wear out your Excellency's patience to hear all I could 
say of this unworthy man. 

And I would humbly hope when your leisure will 
allow you to read and deliberate on this letter that I shall 

* Paul Dudley was elected a representative from Roxbury in May, 1739. He was not 
a member in the previous j^ear. — Eds. 

2G8 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

Stand exactly right with your Excellency in my manage- 
ment of him, and I most humbly pray your Excellency 
would not command me to allow an inveterate enemy 
to sit with me in Council to confront me and betray the 
King's honour & interest on all occasions. To compare 
great things with small, his Majesty allows none that are 
disaffected to his person or government to sit in Council 
with him. 

I am sorry & ask pardon for him that he should give 
your Excellency so much trouble in this matter, and 
beleive your Excellency will readily think he had acted 
more like a gent"" to have humbled himself to the King's 
Governour in promises of more dutifull behaviour for the 
future in order to his being admitted again a member of 
the Council. It would, indeed, be in a manner to super- 
sede my comission if all those wdio affront the King's 
Governour can resort to a superiour person, & flatter 
themselves of being upheld in it. This, 8% you will 
easily imagine must bring the King's authority here into 
great contempt. 

I ask a thousand pardons for this tedious letter, which 
I have thought necessary since your Excellency was 
pleased to demand reasons of me for what I did respect- 
ing this gent"", and I cannot beleive had your Excellency 
known all I now write that you would have given your- 
self the trouble of patronizing M'' Dudley in contradiction 
to the King's honour and interest, and in rudeness & ill 
manners to the King's Governour. 

I now humbly ask it of your Excellency as a favour to 
put it in my power of rendring you some acceptable 
service here, & thereby to give me an opportunity of 
demonstrating with how great esteem & respect I am, S% 

Your Excellency's most obedient & most devoted hum. 
servant. J. B. 

Boston, January 21, 1739/40. 

I? Laggit. Siielling. 

1739-40.] TO RICHARD WALDRON. 269 


Honourable Sir, — I have yours of 18 instant. Be- 
fore it came to hand I had determin'd to do as in the 
Gazette ; that is, to set forward next Monday, & lodge 
that night at Newbury, and Tuesday about noon to meet 
our friends at the hne ; & thus I write my good landlord. 
He sayes something to me about a troop, which I have 
referr'd to him & you. I am not fond of it, imless you 
think it may on any account be better at this juncture to 
have it than not. If I get to Portsmouth Tuesday even, 
we shall have all Wednesday to con over matters, and 
perhaps prevent some mischief. 

And now for the report, of which I seem to have 
a better opinion than you have. For with great defer- 
ence to their Hogan Moganesses, it is not onely stufft 
with absurdities, but full of partiality, wdiich gives great 
scope for making a good answer to it before the Privy 
Council, where you may depend I will watch it & fol- 
low it closely. I am sorry these v/icked children 
don't love & honour their good father for all the care 
he has taken, and is still willing to take, of them. 
However, their disobedience sha'n't abate my fond- 
ness of still continuing their good father. What you 
wrote of the Loon's mathematical demonstration about 
£1200 is an argument that they have got copy of the re- 
port, & for some reasons don't care at present to make it 
publick. Perhaps they think it would be discouraging to 
their dupes to know the matter is still to undergoe a fiery 
tryal, & that not to be gone upon till a repeated request 
from the House for a separate Governour, & the strongest 
assurances of a large salary of 12 or 1500£ a year, be 
sent from hence, and after that I say the Governour to 
have the opportunity of a hearing before a set of great 
personages, of wisdom, honour, & impartiality, w^ho will 

270 THE BELCnER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

not be manag'cl by an Irish Bl — d — n, & you for yourself 
may depend I will call together all the friends I have in 
the kingdom to prevent (if possible) what they desire. 

I wonder you can ask whether matters can hang in 
suspense till fresh advice shall reach from hence. Surely 
you han't read or don't consider the last clause of the 
report. I think a most rational strong address may be 
made to the King which may pull the report all to 
pieces. I will just give you a few hints, as 

The Governour's great concern in all his speeches 

for the defence of the Province. 
His enemies' laying no imputation to him on this or 

any other account. 
That the Province is rather more a frontier to the 
French & Indians than ever, by reason of their 
new plantations, which alwayes weaken a countrey 
for a number of years. 
That the Province is miserable poor, & in no con- 
dition of proper helps to support & defend itself. 
That the present Gov'' has been alwayes rather par- 
tial in favour of New Hamp than Massachusetts ; 
a great instance of this was his letter to Lords of 
Trade which produc'd a Commission for setling 
the Line. 
That the Governour's enemies are by no means to 
be allow'd as testimonies respecting the characters 
of the petitioners who are desirous to remain as 
they are, and Wentworth especially, who was 
a petitioner on the other side, was by no means 
♦ a proper evidence. 

That if Massachusetts will give up their lands from 
Kennebec to S* Croix, 250 miles on the sea, and 
take the petit Prov of N. Hamp as an equivalent, 
that will make a decrease rather than an increase 
of territory to a Charter government. 
That the separation of the Jerseys from N. York was 

1739-40.] TO KICHAED WALDRON. 271 

not done, nor could be got done, while any gent"" 
held the King's commission for them both, and 
without complaint, but upon a demize the oppor- 
tunity was taken. 
That New^ Hamp being annext to Massachusetts, & 
made a county of it, makes it but a meer fiction 
or chimera to talk of a larger or lesser govern- 
ment; for both will be merg'd in one Province. 
That these being under a separate Governour wouldn't 
at all render it more probable that they would 
exert more chearfully in the care of their for- 
tifications, and this may be argued from long 
Why did the Province alwayes lye so naked in the 
times of Cranfield, Allen, & Usher, & very lately, 
in the time of Wentworth, a native of the Pro- 
vince & Commander in Chief near 7 years ? 
These things & what more you can think of may be 
brought into an address or memorial to the King, if the 
Assembly makes no new essay (depending the thing is 
done) towards a separate Gov"" & setling a large salary. 
That will be another great advantage to us, and if we 
fairly beat 'em now I beleive this will be their iiUimiis 
conatus. As to printing the report w^e may talk of it 
when 1 see you ; perhaps it might do service. Read this 
letter with attention, & let me have your thoughts by 
return of the post. I say again. Courage^ mon ami. I as- 
sure you I have considerable expectation of victory, if 
reason & justice may have but even a small weight. 

It's really best that it should be generally taken for 
granted that the thing is done, & then, as you say, they'll 
betray themselves by making any new essay. The me- 
morial we send should be sign'd by — all our friends of 
the Council ; the Judges of the Courts ; the Justices, 
Clerks, Sherriffe, & all the military officers ; & what other 
persons of figure & note we can get. And in this thing 

272 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

we must be alive & expeditious. Perhaps I have tir'd 
you, and will onely add that I am, as alwayes, S'', 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

BosTOX, January 21, 1739,40. 

P. S. I had forgat to say that in all the past warrs had 
it not been for Massachusetts, New Hamp had been sw^al- 
low'd up, & if now put under a separate Governour, it 
will not be a likely method to induce the Gov'' of Mass*, 
from whom they rend themselves, to be very cordial at 
any time for their defence & protection. This also may 
be nrii^'d in the memorial. J. B. 



My DEAR Son, — Being now at some leisure, as the 
needle to its beloved North, so my thoughts point towards 
you, and I doubt not yo\ir receiving all I am going to say 
with that duty & gratitude which I am sure it may justly 
challenge from you. And so I'll go on. 

Through the undeserved sparing mercy of God I have 
liv'd to see you pass upwards of eight years in the study 
of the law, and it's about five years since your call to 
the barr. 

I am very thankfuU that I have so good reason to be- 
leive you have persever'd in the paths of vertue & in a 
course of diligence in your studies ; and if I am not abus'd 
by flattery you have not labour'd in vain. You are now 
by the favour of God got near to the age of thirty (a 
state of manhood). I have this day been inspecting the 
annuall accounts of expence you have sent me for eight 
years past, which make in the whole £2673. 16. 3 str., 
and the exchange in that time betwixt Boston & London 
has been commiinihus amiis at least 400 p ct. 10,695. 5. ; 
is this currency, £13,369. 1. 3, accounted here a very 

1739-40.] TO JONATHAN BELCHER, JR. 273 

good estate, and is (I assure you) a large proportion of 
mine, & after allowing a proper fortune for your sister 
and a double portion for your elder brother (according to 
my pres* view of things), the above sum will be too large 
a share of my estate for you. I have hitherto struggl'd 
with great difficulties to support you in the expensive 
manner you have liv'd, yet I have done it with gratitude 
to God who has inabl'd me, & with much affection to you ; 
and I now think it high time that you push hard for a 
maintenance in the way of your own profession. / am 
every day subject to a Supersedeas & to mortality. If the first 
should first happen my own estate will but very barely 
support me as I ought to live ; and when the other awf ull 
hour shall come, if any small pittance of my estate be left 
for you pray consider how little it will contribute towards 
your living in the manner you have for 8 years past. As 
I have often repeated to you, T must and will be just to all 
my children, and if you spend your fortune in your edu- 
cation, that education must serve to get you another 
fortune, and I justify e my conduct in suffering you so to 
do, looking on it a wise way of portioning out a child. I 
say, wiser to put children into a way of getting their ow^n 
living than to indeavour to leave them wherewith to 
spend their dayes in idleness & luxury. It would contribute 
greatly to my comfort if you could quickly find an oppor- 
tunity of marrying well. I should think your education 
& other advantages might fairly intitle you to a desirable 
person with a handsome fortune, and if ever you intend 
to marry it's high time to be in earnest about it. If after 
all my care & expence for you in a Temple education you 
should be obliged to return hither it would be but a dull 
story ; for I could have made a good New England lawyer 
of you for a tenth part of the money you have spent. 
Think & think again, Jon% of what I say. Get yourself 
setl'd, if you can, & push into business. 

For 6 or 7 months past I have been follow'd with a 


274 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

disorder in my bowels, which I take as a premonition of 
my mortality. I say my once firm constitution begins to 
give way. There's no resisting of age, nor can I go out 
& shake myself as at other times. I love you very well, & 
so T do your brother & sister, & have done greatly for you 
all, and it's very much for your sakes that I lead so soli- 
tary a life, the little remainder whereof which it may 
please God to indulge me with I am inclin'd to spend in 
as much quietness as He will please to allow me. You 
will therefore think solidly & sedately on this letter & 
easily find its moral, viz* : To he taking care {tvith the com- 
mon favour of Providence) to stand on your own legs, and so 
prevent any surprize when your father must forsake you. 
In one of the wayes I have lin'd out, Solomon sayes, " A 
]3rudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself." I 
shall to the day of my death remain, my dear son, 

Your most tenderly affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, January 24, 1739/40. 

To Jon^ Belcher, Esq^, at his chamber in the Middle Temple. 

¥ Laggit. Snelling. 


Sir, — The post brings me yours of 29 ult , and I thank 
your care of what it inclos'd, & considering w^hat I now 
inclose you (that came by Egglestone) I omit sending the 
Exeter news, &c*, to the press. I wish the address "^ had 
come with the protest, — phaps old Fool w^ill now boggle 
at signing. You may be soon freed from any more tedious 
journeys in discharge of your duty to me, I think. The 
report of the Lords of Trade to the Lords of the Privy 

* Vid. Thomlinson's Letter, 23 June, lYiO.— iVote by Rev Dr. Belknap. The ad- 
dress referred to is printed in the New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. v. pp. 915-919, 
and is signed by six members of the Council of New Hampshire. It is a strong defence of 
the Governor, and was probabh'- written by Waldron. — Eds. 

1739-40.] TO RICHARD PARTRIDGE. 275 

Council & the report of the Lords of the Privy Council 
to the King seem to me to be done by previous concert 
in a private cabinet, & faye well one into another to 
answer the design, & phaps you may see the Spanish chap 
by the first mast ship in all his glory, when our friends 
will have their quietus' from the fatigue of publick affairs. 
By what I send you'l see & know as much as I do of the 
matter, & I doubt not but that you'll conclude with me 
that the troublesome game we have been playing for 9 
years is now over; yet if it should take a turn contrary 
to all reasonable expectation, it's pity but that I should 
have the address to send aw^ay as soon as possible, so you'l 
do it in the best manner you can. Livermore, Hall, & 
Newmarsh should have their commissions. I had a tedious 
journey home, the roads being bad & worse.* However, 
I hugg'd myself when I got hither, & thankt God, that it 
was in health & free from evil accidents. My kind re- 
spects to my good landlord, to whom I shall write next 
post. I wish you, your lady, & family long life, with 
health & ease, & am, Hon^'® Sir, 

Your affectionate friend. J. B. 

Boston, March 3, 1739/40. 


S^, — By Eaglestone (who arriv'd 29 ult') I receiv'd your 
favours of Dec'' 17 & 19. You will please to give my duty 
to Lord Wilmington, & let him know I shall with all 
possible care & dispatch execute his orders in the affair 
relating to the will of Thom' Fletcher, dec'd, & shall duly 
return what I may be able to do in it. I am glad to hear 
M"" Wilks is better. Inclos'd is what I now write him as to 
your third part of the £2000 remitted him for the service of 

* Governor Belcher spent nearly the whole of the month of February in New Hamp- 
shire, — Eds. 

276 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

the Line, and I hope on your next application after receit 
of this he'll make up to you £666. 13. 4 str. If he should 
not be so reasonable, I know not what more to do in it. 

Cap* Howland brought me your original letter of 8 
Sept" some time after the delivery of the other letters, it 
having slid out of sight into the bottom of his chest. I 
shall pay ColP Sherburne seven pounds, six shillings, str. 
on your account & send his receit. 

You will soon hear something more of the affair of 
Leighton. I can't say what steps that restless creature 
W — Id — o may take about it, but think I have done in it 
all that was my duty to do. My love to M'' Belcher, & 
tell him I wonder after the many cautions he has had from 
me, how he dare let Eaglestone come away & not write 
to his father. You must, broth'', be a little easy. I am 
indeavouring to discharge Gatcomb's & Oliver's bills as 
soon as possible. I now send duplicate of mine of 21 
January to M"" Walpole. The original went T Laggit — 
ds ago, and contain' d my reasons at large for m}^ conduct 
respecting P. D. ; and 1 hope they will be to his Excel- 
lencys pfect satisfaction. It is now near three years agoe 
that I first negativ'd M"" Dudley, since which he has never 
had the manners to expostulate with me or mention a 
word about it, but in a superiour haughty w^ay has apply'd 
himself home to indeavour to bring the King's Gov"" to. his 
beck. Pray, give my duty to his ExcelF, & let him know 
it's impossible for me to support the King's honour, or my 
own, if such men as M"" Dudley are to be indulg'd in 
insulting me in the manner he is now trying to do ; & jet, 
if after all he w^ould behave like a gent"" & give me such 
satisfaction as I might judge reasonable, I would forget, & 
treat him as I have done heretofore. I thank you for so 
particular an information of all things relating to the 
hearing on the complaint laid ag* me by New Hamp 
Assembly, and yet after all my friends & my counsel could 
do or say, I see the Lords have made report to the King 


1739-40.] TO RICHARD PARTRIDGE. 277 

against me, & (as you observe) in smart terms, & I con- 
clude the upshot will be (as Lord Wilmington said to you) 
a separate Gov'' for New Hamp, tho' that will be very 
severe upon a first fault & so minute an one, the affair 
having been of no prejudice to the Province; for the 
Commissioners, notwithstanding the prorogations, admitted 
an appeal, & if the Assembly had sat a month longer the 
appeal could have been in no other way, since the Coun- 
cil would not concurr with the House in appealing. How- 
ever, the thing must now take the turn it will, & I must 
be content. I own with a great deal of gratitude the 
indefatigable pains you had taken, and were yet taking, 
for my interest & service ; but by what you write S"" R 
gave you but a cool reception, & according to my view if 
the matter can be stopt anywhere there must be the last 
hope & refuge. I was near fiwe weeks on my journey to 
N. Hamp out & home, and the Assembly would come into 
no supply of the Treasury for the paying the debts, for 
the further support of the government, or for the defence 
of the Province. I therefore dissolv'd them, & so I write 
the Lords of Trade, and shall transmit them all things that 
past in the session as soon as they can be got ready. I 
inclose you copy of a most extr^ vote past by the Repre- 
sentatives & of a protest made ag* it by some of the mem- 
bers, of which protest you may make good use, if it be not 
too late to concern yourself any further about that Prov.* 
You say there is no day appointed for hearing the affair 
of the boundaries. As I suppose the report on the com- 
plaint against me has been long since laid before the King, 
so I hope you have brought the affair of the Line to a 
hearing & to a decision ; for the situation of that matter 

* This was probabl}- the vote of the House of Representatives, Feb. 5, 1739-40, thank- 
ing John Thomlinson for his past services, and earnestly desiring him "to continue his 
good offices in prosecuting all affairs on behalf of this House that may yet lie before his 
Majesty in Council, or may come before his Majesty in Council relating to this Prov- 
ince." Capt. Peter Oilman, Capt. Edward Hall, and Mr. Nathaniel Oilman entered their 
dissent. See New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. v. pp. 13, 14. — Eds. 

278 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1739-40. 

for two years past has been an unspeakable damage to 
this Province. I remain, with great respect k thankfull- 
ness, S\ 

Your friend & loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, March 4'^\ 1739/40. 


Hon'''''' Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of 7*^ instant 
by the post. The bills of cost are sign'd & returned. I 
say again, isn't it best that Livermore, Newmarch & Hall 
be dubb'd, tho' it may be but for a few weeks ? I won- 
der M'" Partridge should please himself, or try so to do me, 
with any glimmerings, for which I really think there is 
no room. His cool reception at S'' R — t's set me down at 
once. I am glad you are pretty well recovered from 
your surprize & was preparing for the worse, which may 
be ugly enough. By a letter Agent Wilks wTote f 
Eaglestone to the Speaker the Mass^ may grow more 
pacifick, & in that case with a good effort made by New 
Hampshire & this Province it's possible an union might 
still be brought about, if a good sum of money could be 
rais'd & a proper pson sent home ; but this is at a dis- 
tance and attended with the difficulties I mention. The 
Spanish invasion, you may depend, will make a com- 
pleat demolition of all our friends in all things civil & 

ColP Jo. has sign'd the address. T have talkt freely w^ith 
him, & he is prepar'd for his expected fate. I approve 
Mad™ Waldron's thought, unless it could be brought 
about for you to be envoy for the future Union. It is 
hardly worth while at this time o' day to repeat how full 
I am of wishes & inclinations to do you & yours on all 
occasions every good thing in my power. 

Altho' the report of the Privy Council had been agreed 
on above six weeks before this ship came out, yet it had 

1739-40.] TO RICHARD WALDRON. 279 

not been presented, the onely reason of which I take to be 
that the affair of the Line had not been heard, the de- 
cision whereof I think we shall have by the first ship 
& the account of the new appointment. Let Russel for- 
ward the two inclosed, "^haps it may be one of the 
last pieces of duty to his old master. I am truly sorry 
for him. With my very kind regards to your good lady, 
I remain, S"*, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, March 10, 1739/40. 

For y® reason you mention'd, it may be best to deferr 
Hall at psent. 

By Coir' Jo. Sherburne. 


Sir, — I have yours of 14^^ curr**^, & am best pleas'd 
our friends should know the plain truth & the worst, that 
they may act their own prudence now & hereafter. I 
love to be as good as my word & therefore think it best 
that Livermore and Newmarch have their commissions. 
A good manly behaviour in the (expected) overturn will 
be most to every one's reputation & honour. I have 
heard Trinkalo had petition'd for a governm*, as you 
mention'd, & that the petition had been dismist; but I 
look upon this report uncertain. I am a stranger to any 
other of his proceedings than that of his constant indeav- 
ours & applications to get the Gov^ out, & I am told he 
has in this case sworn to the Prince of Darkness about 
his return, as S*' Paul's design'd murderers did about his 
life ; & if the Spanish chap is to bless New Hampshire, 

perhaps Trinkalo's learned in the is reserv'd as the 

greater blessing for the greater Province. The Line 
affair being undecided I take to be the onely reason the 
report sleeps, because they would not make out a new 


commission till they can ascertain the bounds in it, & per- 
haps the same junto that prepar'd so severe a censure for 
the Gov""'^ trifling fault may per fas aut nefas order a west 
line to be reported. I think it pity after all that any of 
our friends should act so dastardly a part as to sneak out 
of the Province; that would be to imitate the old Romans 
in the mean fashion of the felo-de-se^ when prest with 
difficulties. No ! the motto for a hero at such a time is 
Siistine. I don't trouble my head about the reception. 
No doubt, you must among you order it a la mode du grand 
grandeur. The allusion from D"" Watts is very natural 
for your present case. This Assembly may rise as usual. 
I alwayes told you the clan had a great advantage by find- 
ing a cock of the game to supply guineas as often as 
wanted, & we may set ourselves at rest as to the often 
mention'd Union, unless such cocks will show themselves. 
Altho' I have been tender of you in your affliction, yet 
you must no longer delay the papers of the session, but 
let me have 'em as soon as possible. I am, Hon'''* Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, March 17, 1739/40. 

The address is well done, both in matter & form, & you 
shall have a copy. 



Sir, — I have lately wrote you so often that I should 
have said nothing by this conveyance but that AT Hall 
has desired me to write you in his favour respecting the 
obtaining a commission for him to be Judge of the Vice 
Admiralty liere.^ I now inclose you a complaint to the 
Lords of the Admiralty ag* the psent Judge, with sundry 

* Several months before tlie date of this letter Governor Belcher wrote to Sir Charles 
Wager soliciting the appointment of Hugh Hall in the room of Mr. Auchmuty. See post, 
p. 487. — Eds. 

1740.] TO RICHA.RD WALDRON. 281 

papers to support it, and which I think sufficient to re- 
move him. They may also be made use of to the Com- 
miss''^ of the Customs, & phaps they would join in the 
complaint to the Lords of the Admiralty, who will see 
what an abuse has been committed about the Mediterra- 
nean Pass, which by the bond should be return'd in 12 
m"*', but has been kept 8 years. As you & Cap* Coram 
have agreed that it's best I should not appear or be men- 
tion'd in the affair of the Judge, M"" Hall now writes Cap* 
Coram to assist in prosecuting the matter in his behalf, 
& tells me he has given orders to M*" Wilks to supply 
what money may be necessary to go thro the affair^ 
which I warmly recommend to you & to Cap* Coram, and 
am, S"", 

Your friend & broths J. B. 

Boston, April 7, 1740. 


HoN^'^'^ Sir, — I have yours of 11 & 18 instant. My 
landlord * is truly honest. I wish he was mentis sance in 
corpore sano. I am glad the military & civil commissions 
are given out. The copy of the address & the parson's 
letter go with this. Sancho would be finely off if he 
could get the Lieutenancy of Nova Scotia (worth £1000 
sf a year). Having so long previous notice I am pretty 
well reconcil'd to a successour. The Lond'^ ships don't 
appear, so we must be patient. I think upon the whole 
it's best to delay your journey to Casco till they do. In- 
closed you have the King's Declaration of Warr with Spain, 
& my order to the Presid* about that, & my proclam*" for 
inlisting men for the expedition to New^ Spain. I have 
sign'd a blank for you to fill up a proclamation of the same 
tenour with that publisht here. Communicate the two 

* Henry Sherburne. — Eds. 


letters T sen(3 you herewith from the Duke of N. C. 
Record & return 'em to me, & for your more particular 
inform* I send you ColP Spotswood's letter to read to our 
friends & to be return'd. Admiral Vernon sail'd the 3^ 
ult' from Jamaica (suppos'd to Carthagene), & the next 
grand attempt will (doubtless) be the Havanna. Great 
affairs are on the carpet. May the Lord of Hosts, the 
God of armies, fight our battles & give the desir'd success. 
The Lond"" ships I depend are just at the door. As any 
new occurrences come to hand you shall have them by the 
earliest opportunities. 

Your affec friend. J. B. 

Boston, April 21, 1740. 


May IT PLEASE YOUR Grace, — The 17 curr* I had the 
honour to receive your Grace's letters of 29 October & 
5 Jan" last, which were exprest to me by Coll^ Spotswood 
from Virginia, — the first covering his Majesty's decla- 
ration of warr against Spain ; & in obedience to his 
Majesty's orders I caus'd the same to be proclaim'd here 
the 21 ins", & at the same time in pursuance of his 
Majesty's further orders I issu'd a proclam"" to incourage 
the inlistment of men for the intended expedition ag*' the 
Spanish settlements in the West Indies ; & the same I 
have directed to be done at New Hampshire ; and I shall 
use all the methods in my power for preventing any 
ammunition or stores of any kind from being carried to 
the enemy. 

I see by your Grace's letter that my Lord Cathcart is 
to command a large body of troops going from Great 
Britain, with a sufficient convoj'of men of war, to a proper 
place in the West Indies, there to be join'd by the squad- 
ron under the command of Vice Admiral Vernon & by 


such troops as may be rais'd by his Majesty's colonies & 
islands in America, which last are to be commanded by 
Coll'' Spotswood till they have join'd the regular troops 
imder the command of my L^ Cathcart, General & Com- 
mander in Chief of all his Majesty's troops sent to or rais'd 
in America, & that I am to confer or correspond with 
ColP Spotswood upon every thing y* may relate to the 
pformance of this service. I have already receiv'd a 
letter from him of the 3*^ instant, & in ans"" thereto have 
acquainted him with what steps I have already taken. 
He writes me he hopes soon to be here, & will in the 
mean time let me know how I may direct to him from 
time to time as this service may require. Your Grace 
sayes ColP Blakeney, appointed Adjutant General in this 
expedition, would set out as soon as possible with his 
Majesty's letters & authorities to the Gov'^^ of his Majesty's 
colonies on the continent of America for making the levies, 
& with the King's more particular instructions & direc- 
tions relating to this matter. I am therefore impatiently 
expecting ColP Blakeney's arrival that the levies may be 
making, for I fear little will be done till he comes with 
what your Grace is pleas' d to mention. But his arri- 
val I doubt not will put great life & vigour into the 
affair, and I think there will be no great difficulty in 
procuring provisions & transports for what men may 
be rais'd in this Province & New Hampshire. I am 
very sensible how much the time presses to be ready 
in this glorious undertaking, and I earnestly wish ColP 
Blakeney may soon be here. I hope his Majesty's sub- 
jects in North America will on this occasion univer- 
sally show their resentments of the many injuries & 
cruelties, violences & depredations they & their fellow 
subjects have suffer'd from the unjust & barbarous 
Spaniards, and that they will exert themselves with 
an uncommon zeal for his Majesty's service & for the 
honour of his Crown, & more especially in an enterprize 

284 ^ THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1740. 

the success whereof will so essentially advance their ow^n 
interests. In this Province are 23 regiments of foot & 4 
of horse, & I have given out my orders to the Coll° of 
each reghnent for publishing my proclamation for incour- 
agement of the inlistment of the new levies, and I shall 
to-morrow take the advice of his Majesty's Council whether 
any further step can be taken at psent in this great 

I have the honour to be with the most profound duty & 
regard, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most faithful & most obed* hum. serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, April 30, 1740. 

(Fletcher, to Hambro.) (Brown.) 


Sir, — The 29 of last month came to my hands your 
favours of 24 Jan^ & 12 Feb^ (way of Lix^), and I am to 
own with the greatest gratitude your vigilance & constant 
advices in my affairs, as well as the indefatigable pains 
you take for my interest, by yourself & by a great num- 
ber of your friends the Quakers, & yet after all I find you 
absolutely give up N. Hamp, & expect the appointment 
of a new Gov"" for that Province every day, & that you 
had also great reason to beleive there ^vould soon be 
another appointed also for the Massachusetts, after mine & 
my friends' utmost indeavour to ward of such a mischief. 
I hope I shall be inabl'd to submit wdth patience to the 
orderings of God's providence in this great affair. I am 
surpriz'd at what you say about Gov"" Holden, to whom I 
have never given the least occasion of disgust, but have 
alwayes treated him & his character with the highest 
respect. I will not fail of owming by the next good con- 
vey'' the Ilon^^^ M"" Doddington's generous and unmerited 

1740.] TO PAUL MASCARENE. 285 

respect & kindness. We are impatiently expecting the 

Lond'' ship. Give my love to M"" Belcher, & believe me, 


Your loving broth'' & friend. J. B. 

OSTON, May 1, 1740. 

(Fletcher to Hambio ) (Brown.) 


Sir, — Sometime the last month I receiv'd your favour 
of the 27 March, by which I was glad to find you safely 
arriv'd at Annapolis Royal, and that you had been well 
receiv'd as the head of his Majesty's Province of Nova 
Scotia,* on which honour I heartily congratulate you & 
wish you much peace & satisfaction in a long exercise of 
the powers with which his Majesty has invested you. I 
see you had issu'd a proclamation for the settlement of 
the civil government until your further orders, & I am 
glad to hear that all things were quiet and easy among 
you, notwithstanding the rumours of warr. I have lately 
receiv'd letters from Lond'' as far as the 12 Feb^, when 
there was an imbargo throout Great Britain and Ire- 
land, & all the King's ships were fitting & manning, 
& a French warr expected, which may God Almighty 
avert. I am sure these northern colonies are in a 
miserable defenceless condition. If I can render you 
any accept^ service here you may with freedom com- 
mand, Hon^^^ Sir, 

Your most obed* humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 2, 1740. 

To the care of the young lady, his daught^, Miss Betty. 

* Major Mascarene was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia on the death of 
Lieutenant-Governor Armstrong. — Eds. 



HoN^^^ Sir, — The post brings me your favour of 2 
instant. ColP Westbrook writes me he cannot furnish 
the oak, so I must look out elsewhere. I am glad you 
perform'd the solemnity at publishing the declar* of warr 
with Spain in so handsome a manner, especially when you 
had to do with two such simpletonies ; the whole affair is 
in the prints. The last week I issu'd orders to the ColP' 
of the several regiments of this Province to beat up for 
vol an tiers for the expedition, & now send my order of 
same purport to ColP H. Sherburne, & inclosed is one you 
must forward to Coll" Gilman, & I have told Huske to 
send you some of his papers in which is the New Hamp 
proclamation, & the two ColP' must be furnisht with a 
number of them. I shall be glad of your suggestions 
from time to time of any thing more you think may be 
done to show my zeal for the King's service on this occa- 
sion. You must record & then return the inclosed. A 
ship in 8 weeks from Ireland to Rhode Island sayes 'twas 
generally thought a speedy French warr was unavoidable, 
which no doubt may be the reason we see no ship from 
London. He sayes vast preparations were making by 
sea & land. What will come of the poor little Province in 
such an event? I fully depend to hear the name of 
your new Governour by the first ship from London, & I 
think you may order all your affairs with such a view. 
Cou'd you sell your estate in New Hampshire, a retreat 
to Stroud Water k""^ might finally be the best thing for 
your family. Huske is looking out for a house & intends 
to move hither. Doubtless it will be pleasing to Mad"". 
You cannot easily perceive what the fiends at home have 
been practising; lying, perjury, forgery, & what not? 
Gov"" Holden was serv'd with a 2^ edition of S'' C. W' let- 
ter, but rather worse, & which the good gent™ beleiv'd, 


and is grown not only cool but sower. Doubtless S"" 
Kob*, the Duke, & 1/ Wilmington have been instructed 
in the same manner. Their resolution is w fees aid nefas, 
& Acheronta nioveho, that it must not be wonder'd at if 
they succeed about Massachusetts. God governs the 
world in infinite wisdom & goodness, & does all things 
that are best for us, if it be not our ow^n faults. I humbly 
ask his gracious assistance to inable me to submit to all 
the carvings of His providence. With my kind respects 
to M"" Waldron, I remain, Sir, 

Your very good friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 5, 1740. 


Sir, — I yesterday receiv'd your favours of March 1, 
11, 19, k 21, f Remick, v^ith the several papers they in- 
closed, which I have inspected with my best attention. 
By the next week's post I shall transmit to the Gov^ of 
Pensilvania copy of yours of 21 March with what else 
relates to Rob* Jenkins's counterfeiting the bills of c'' of 
that Province. 

And now, brother, I am in the most sincere & affection- 
ate manner to thank you for your vigilance & most un- 
wearied care to prevent the success of the malice of my 
enemies in indeavouring to oust me of my commissions 
I hold for the governments of this Province & that of 
New Hampshire. The uprightness & warmth with which 
your friends (the Quakers) have acted at this critical junc- 
ture for my service I shall ever bear the most gratefull 
remembrance of, & be ready to retaliate to their Friends 
here in every reasonable way they may desire of me. I 
see you had receiv'd my ans"" to the complaint of John 
North & others & given it to M' Belcher, & that a copy of 
it was making out that the original might be presented to 


the Board of Trade. Waldo's malice is so inveterate that 
I have no expectation of his dropping that affair. What 
could be so villainous as the letter (T have no doubt) he 
forg'd and deliver'd to S"" C. W. ? A man that could be 
guilty of that, where will his wickedness stop ? I thank 
you for the copies you gave of it to L** Presid* & to M'' 
Stone. The ans'" I have sent to North's complaint may 
be sufficient for that, but mayn't take of what impres- 
sions may be made by the many affidavits made out here 
by Waldo's order, and sent away in Feb^ last while I was 
at New Hampshire, to which I am with all diligence mak- 
ing out contradictory evidence, but as I am oblig'd to send 
to George's River (near 200 miles from hence), it takes 
time to get it done, but I shall dispatch what further 
evidence I have to send as soon as possible, & must pray 
you to gain time till I can send it away. I hope before 
this time you have receiv'd my letter to M'' H. Walpole 
respecting M"" P. Dudley. It was dated 21 Jan'' & went 
away in Feb^, original T ^^^gg'^t & duplicate T Snelling, 
which letter, I think, will give full satisfaction. If I 
must be insulted by private persons even in the very 
chair of government I had as good resign my commis- 
sion. It was a villainous insinuation (no doubt of Waldo's 
invention) that I should say any thing disrespectfull of 
M"" Walpole, which I never did, but would do any thing 
he would desire of me consistent with the King's honooi- 
& my own, & I am sure he would not put me to do any 
thing in contradiction to either. I say again I am sen- 
sible of your great industry to keep me in both my com- 
missions & observe what you heard drop from Shirley's 
wife, which lookt as if she had had a foot o' the tail from 

the D , & that my enemies seem'd something quiet 6 

March ; yet I am again thankfull that you will be watch- 
full, for I am still very apprehensive of danger as to both 
governments, but more especially New Hampshire since 
the decision of the line, & thereby the inlargement of 


that Province. Pray give my thanks to my worthy friends 
M' Russell & M'' Storke for not signing the petition. As 
you say, my enemies stick at nothing & I think lying, 
perjury, & forgery seem easy to 'em. When I reflect on 
the many psent difficulties attending my case, it will be a 
great atchievement if you are able with all your interest 
and that of your Friends to keep me in. I know M'' 
Wilks & Newman are my steady friends & would do 
any service in their power for me. I must pray you 
to procure from Sir Charles a warrant for your cousin 
And"^ to be Register of the Court of Admiralty. It 
would be a great dishonour to me & to him to have 
him pnt out after my putting him in, & I can't beleive 
S"" C. would make any stick about it, if you went to 
him at a proper juncture. I am greatly surpriz'd at 
the decision of the Line, but shall forbear any thing 
about it, tho' should say a great deal were you & I in 
a proper place together. 

I am glad you follow M'' Doddington's advice to give 
up nothing. Paris * speaks the truth, if they don't get me 
out at New Hampshire all they have done about the Line 
will not content 'em. They will therefore (as you say) 
push hard for that, & it will be a glorious victory if you 
should at last baffle 'em in that article. I take notice of 
the 2 accounts of M^' J°° Sharp's for New Hamp, 18. 13. 0, 
& in Leighton's affair, 16. 14. 4. The latter ought to be 
charg'd to this Prov, & not to me. As to 3*^ account of 
195. 18. 4, M"" Sharp & you are perfectly right that this 
Province ought to pay every farthing of it, for it was to 
defend the Assembly from the gross imputation of bribery 
& many other things, & to which they made out an 
ans"^ & sent their Agent, & M"" Wilks cannot make the 
least objection to the payment. I am sure I will pay 
none of it ; it would be cruel & ruinous for any body to 

* Ferdinand John Paris, a lawyer in London, who was employed by Thomlinson. — 



imagine I sliould. I am indeavouring every day to turn 
any of my estate in this town into money to some value 
to discharge your bills, & I will not rest till it 's done, for 
I am most earnestly desirous to make you easy. I remain, 
with an unfeigned respect, Sir, 

Your broth^ & friend. J. B. 

So soon as it's the proper season I will send you a bbr. 
of good cranberries. 

Herewith comes mine to Doddington w^ you & M^ 
Belcher will do with as you shall judge proper. 

BosTOx, May 7, 1740. 

(Brown. Paice.) 


My dear Son, — Yesterday arriv'd Cap* Renwick from 
Lond% & brought me your letter of 24 Dec'' in ans'' to 
several of mine, as far as 30 October. I find T my copy 
book that I have since wrote you f^ Hall, Curling, & 
Hoar, of Nov. 20, 26, Dec'' 3 & 11, which were got to 
your hands (besides several since), & as this ship did not 
leave London till 25 March it is matter of great surprize, 
& what I can't account for, that after my solemn threat- 
nings & earnest intreaties to the contrary you should 
dare to let my letters be unanswer'd. If you can find a 
better friend or a better father, you may cleave to him, 
but I will not be so treated. I am in earnest, & pray you 
to beleive me. 

As to the matter depending with M'' Lloyd's Execu", 
I have a good prospect of compl eating a bargain for my 
estate at Mortlake in a few weeks, and to get discharg'd 
from that debt, which hangs on my head & heart more 
than any other particular affair of my life, and I am de- 
termin'd to get thro' it as soon as possible. I have a 


handsome letter from the Execif' & another from M^ G. 
Lloyd to which I shall make ans"^ by the next ship. I 
say I think I have now a fairer prospect to get thro' the 
business than at any time heretofore. It is an odd un- 
gratefall way you practice of saying one time after an- 
other you'll write D*" Colman, and commonly make it so 
long as you had as good not do it at all. Such fidling, 
trifling, unmanly practices make me asham'd & sick. 
Do you see me do so with any body ? No. I rather 
abound in a strict faithfull correspondence with every 
friend I have, & it is something owing to my aversion & 
hatred to any thing that carryes the face of indolence or 
laziness. The letter D'' Colman wrote Governour Holden 
was not (as I thought) upon your account, but mine, as I 
have since been told, & was for an antidote to a poison 
that had been administred to prejudice the Gov"" against 
me, being an anonymous letter sent him of the most 
scurrilous, villainous kind that ever was penn'd, & it has 
had its effect, for your uncle writes in Jan^ that the Gov"" 
was sower, out of humour, & blam'd me. What shall we 
say, Jon% to the practice of such secret, hellish wicked- 
ness ? Why, God suffers it for the punishment of my 
sins, therefore I will not murmur or complain, but pray 
for his grace that I may forsake & abhorr every thing that 
may offend His holiness & purity. I)'' Colman is very 
good & has been indeavouring & still is to undeceive the 
Gov''. Time must discover whether he succeeds. I shall 
be glad to receive your letter to him with the Magazine. 
Cap* Coram justly deserves the respect of the nation, and 
to be handsomely taken care of for his life. I am well 
pleas'd with the handsome speech you made for him to 
the D. of Bedford. I am glad you see your folly in the 
letter to B — 11 — m. Remember therefore to be very 
cautious in taking steps with any body here but under 
my cover, alwayes beleiving a man near 60 must generally 
be of service in his thouochts to the rawness of a man at 


30; & here I can't help mentioning with the greatest con- 
cern & affection to yon your conformity to the C^^ of Eng- 
land ; & with* a previous lisp to me in so considerable an 
alteration, it was the greatest folly you could be guilty of, 
& could I have imagin'd it you had never sat your feet 
off your native countrey. It has vastly hurt you in your 
temporal interest (I wish it ha'n't otherwise) ; it has made 
all the Dissenting interest cool towards you in EngP & 
here, & in that way it has also greatly disserv'd me, and 
your hugging Checkley * in the manner you did was a 
piece of most imprud* conduct, — a man that had been a 
non-juror here for a long time & odious to this whole coun- 
trey. Oh, Jon% learn to be thoughtfull, cautious, & wise ; 
but these things grieve me & I must not dwell upon them. 
I rejoyce that you begin to see your folly, & that you 
think as formerly that the Dissenters are the best livers. 
What will it avail a man in the great day of accounts to 
have had the form of godliness without the power ? and 
as to doctrine, I know not wherein the Dissenters & Chti 
differ, if the latter will stick to their 39 Articles. I shall 
say no more on this head, but commend you to y® guid- 
ance & teaching of God. No doubt S' Rob* & L^ Presid* 
& perhaps the Duke have been serv'd with letters of the 
same kind as those to S"" C. W. & to the Gov^ However, 
I think to venture to write them again. I highly approve 
your showing me the darkest side of thing;^, for I hate to 
be flatter'd. Nothing can be of a more pernicious & ruin- 
ous nature for a man's conduct in life. I find the boun- 
daries between the Provinces are setl'd intirely in favour 
of New Hamp ; so I daily expect to hear the appointm* of 
a new Gov*" there ; nor should I be surpriz'd, when I view 
the infernal arts that have been practis'd & the psent 

* Rev. John Checkley, a native of Boston, where he was born in 1080. In 172-4 he was 
fined by the Supreme Court for a libel on the ministers and people of New England. In 
1727 he went to England to obtain Episcopal ordination, but was refused by the Bishop of 
London. Subseciuently he was ordained b}' the Bishop of Exeter, who sent him to Nar- 
ragansett. He died in Providence in 1753. See Allen's Biographical Dictionary. — Eds. 


situation of affairs, that the same is done for this Province. 
I pray God to inable me by His grace to possess my soul 
in patience. One great concern to me is how you will be 
able to steer under such a difficulty, for it will not be 
possible for me to support you any longer. You must 
come home, unless you can get your living in Westminster 
Hall, & it seems hard to me that after nine years study 
you should not. However, either in that way or by mar- 
rying to advantage you must be able to stay o' that side 
the water or come hither. And I shall now proceed on 
the grave affair of marrying. Your tho'ts are just, that 
it is a transaction of the last importance & w* you men- 
tion for the spring & motive of your proceedings is truly 
right. I intirely give over Rhohampton * & approve the 
matter with Miss Hatfield. The character you give of the 
way & manner of her education, her good sense, tem- 
per, &''* — are unfading things, and £6000 (tho' not a 
great) is a handsome fortune & with industry in your 
business might support you. I have therefore wrote the 
inclosed, which you may use as you please. I am oblig'd 
to M*^^ Carter for her kind regards to me. Her nephew 
that liv'd with me about 30 years agoe & dy'd afterwards 
at BB' was a promising young gent"". Thus I have an- 
sw** every thing necess* in yours. I will onely say that I 
am plain & open, while I confirm what I have said must 
certainly be your lot in case of a supersedeas. I wish 
you all the blessings of this & a better life, & am alwayes, 
my dear son. 

Your very affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, May 8, 1740. 

You will, my son, consider the charge of a marry'd 
state & be well satisfy 'd in y* part which is necess^ to 

* Governor Belcher had several times referred to the possibility of a marriage of his son 
to one of the daughters of Samuel Holden, whose country residence was at Roehampton. 
— Eds 


support it. How old is the young lady ? and how old her 
Aunt Carter, & is she a widow ? & what is her husband's 
Christian name ? 

(Brown. Paice.) 


MxVD'', — You may be surpriz'd at the receit of a letter 
from one so pfect a stranger to you as I am ; nor should I 
give you this trouble but at the request of my son, Coun- 
cellour Belcher of the Middle Temple, who writes me by 
the last ship from Lond"^ of his intention to make his ad- 
dresses to Miss Hatfield, of whom he gives me such an 
ingaging character, & prayes for my consent in his pro- 
ceedings, that I have freely given it. And that you may 
be no stranger to my son, I think myself bound in justice 
to say he has been strictly sober & vertuous from his 
youtli ; of good capacity & diligence in his studies ; has 
been now 9 years at the Temple, and I am told is an able 
lawyer for his standing. I know him to be of a fine good 
temper ; is in the 30^^ year of his age. His person & be- 
haviour I leave to your own observation. He is very 
dear to me, & I shall alwayes do every thing in my power 
to promote his welfare & prosperity. You w^ill please 
Mad™ to make my complim*' acceptable to Mad"" Carter 
your worthy aunt, whose nephew M"" Benj'' Carter was my 
apprentice about 30 years agoe & soon after dy'd at BB^ 
He was a promising young gent™. You will please to 
pardon a freedom of this kind, & when you may think 
proper I shall esteem the favour of a line from you. 
That every circumstance in life may keep pace with your 
own wishes is the desire of. Mad™, 

Your very hum. serv*. J. B. 

BosTOx, May 8, 1740. 
(Brown. Paicc.) 

1740.] TO BUBB DODINGTON. 295 


SiR^ — I am in the first place to ask pardon for pre- 
suming to give you a trouble of the nature I am now 
doingj & which may justly surprize you from so perfect a 
stranger as I am to the Hon^^^ M"" Doddington ; yet the 
large account I have receiv'd from my broth'' M"" Partridge 
of your unmerited goodness in a readiness to do me kind 
offices at a juncture when I really need 'em, I say such 
humanity & such candour from a gent"" to whom I am not 
capable of making a return, will not suffer me to be silent. 
I y^'fore pray you, Sir, to accept from me the sentiments 
of a heart fir'd with gratitude ; and as I know you have a 
great interest in his Majesty let me humbly beg of you 
to soften as much as may be the censure the Lords of the 
Privy Council drew up ag* me, & has since been approv'd 
by the King, & that this first fault (not of the most hei- 
nous nature) may be forgiven or receive a less punishm*^ 
than my being depriv'd of his Majesty's commiss""' which I 
have the honour to sustain here & in New Hampshire. 

Before his Majesty honour'd me w*^ his commiss""' I was 
one of the principal merch*' of this countrey, but upon 
my appointment I quitted every other way of life that I 
might be the more capable of his Majesty's service in the 
Provinces under my care, and it has hapn'd the accepting 
of the government has been a vast damage to my family, 
for altho' I have been in it near 10 years, yet such has 
been the straitness of the Assemblies in their grants for 
my support y* I have hitherto been oblig'd to spend some 
thous*^^ of my private fortune to support myself in the 
governm* in some manner equal to the dignity of his 

* George Bubb Dodington, Lord Melcombe, was born in 1691, and educated at Oxford. 
In 1715 he was chosen a member of Parliament; and from that time until his death, in 1762, 
he took an active and not always creditable part in public affairs. See Rose's Biographical 
Dictionary, vol. vii. p. 97, and Horace Walpole's Letters, passim. — Eds. 


Majesty's commission ; & I can call this whole country to 
witness that no Gov'' has ever more strictly asserted the 
honour of the Crown & his Majesty's prerogative than I 
have done, even to the frequent disgust of the Gen'^ As- 
semblies of the Province & who for y* reason have been 
alwayes very stingy & strait in their supporting me, and 
after all these hardships to be at once depriv'd of my 
bread & honour in consequence of the censure past on me 
is very shocking. I therefore humbly pray you, Sir, to 
take my case into your kind consideration, & so represent 
it to S" Rob* Walpole. I have a large family of child"" 
and grandchild"" who wou'd be great sufferers on my be- 
ing superseded. I again would beg leave, Sir, to say that 
it's impossible fully to suggest to you the malicious arts 
that have been practis'd by my enemies to render me ob- 
noxious to the King's ministers. Ljdng & forgeries have 
been some of them, to which S"" Charles Wager w° you 
see him will be able to speak. I am told one reason 
given why I should be superseded was that I had held the 
King's coiTiiss°' near 10 years, which with much submis- 
sion I think can't be allow'd a reason unless it were a 
government where a gent"" might make a fortune, which 
is impossible to do in the Provinces where I have the 
honour to command ; for the allowances of the Assemblies 
from both, & the perquisites of the governm*' besides, 
have not made out commwiihns annis a thous'^ pounds str. a 
year, which is but a small pittance to live with in the figure 
of a Gov"*. Again, I would with modesty say Gov"" Belcher 
is not without his friends in the countrey & the King's min- 
isters have had a vast deal of trouble for many years past 
with this countrey, & a change will undoubtedly create 
new ones from the discontents which may arise from the 
changes made here by a new Gov"", which may hurt his 
Majesty's service, & the more at so critical a juncture as 
this is ; & if after all I must be so severe a sufferer as to 
be dismiss' d, I must be oblig'd to repair to Court there to 


lay my hard case before his Majesty. But I beg I may 
still hope in your goodness to represent my case to the 
King, & also to S" Rob*^, as you shall judge proper. May 
you, Sir, live long in great health & in high favour with 
his Majesty (the best of sovereigns), and while your 
countrey is gaining the advantage of your good services 
may you be reaping the due to your superiour 
merit, and thus I am, much honoured Sir, 

Your most obed* & most hum. serv*. J. B. 

Boston, May 8, 1740. 
(Brown. Paice.) 


Hon''^^ Sir, — Yours of 9 curr* lyes before me. Whether 
continued peace or warr with France remains very un- 
certain, & so is the affair of a new Gov"" for Mass^ The 
Line no doubt takes the course it does that you may have 
that blessing. Let me advise you as much as possible to 
possess your soul in patience. I am well pleas'd with 
your ratiocination on the matter of Falm°, & wdsli you 
may finally conclude on what shall have the best ten- 
dency to your comfort & honour. I think Huske told me 
last night he is to have, a house of M"" Boreland's. It's 
alwayes in the power of a Councellour to resign ; so you 
may as such give yourself a quietus when you please. 
I think Parker will make the best Secry if you resolve 
to quit, & unless you have any thing material to the con- 
trary let the commission I have sign'd be fill'd up for 
him. I have also sign'd a commission for Special Justices 
for the Superiour Court, which phaps may be needless. 
Is there not one subsisting in which Huske stands ? The 
Cap*'' visset is mysterious. I am sorry for the death of 
the Collector,* who, I think, was inoffensive. As to the 

* Benjamin Plummer, the Collector at Portsmouth, died Maj- 8, 1740, after an illness of 
four days. He was only twenty-four years of age, and had no relatives in America. — Eds. 



forgery sent Gov" Holclen I desire you would be very 
muth about it at present, because 1 am oblig'd to keep it 
secret, the better to ans'^'" some good end. It's a bad wind 
blows no body good. I am glad you are like to be an 
accidental gainer by a strait line, but pray what will the 
poor inhabitants gain by a tract of distant, howling wilder- 
ness ? How will they settle & defend it ? Your grand 
Province must now be a barrier to the poor little Province 
of Mass% so you'l have an opportunity to return our 
antient tenderness of that kind. As the dance is over, 
the next thing is to pay the fidler 15 or £20,000. As 
any thing new occurs you shall know it from, Sir, 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, May 12, 1740. 



Sir, — I have yours f the northern post of 12 ins", 
& have little now to say, no ship being since arriv'd from 
Lond°, tho' Fones & Rhymes are daily expected. As 
I said a post or two since, were I with you I could say 
a great deal on the swyrimng event — but — The Mas- 
sachusetts most certainly have, been infatuated for 20 
odd years past, & have seem'd to study how they could 
provoke the King & his Ministers. Altho' Justice seems 
to have leaden heels, yet it moves steady, & its offenders 
finally feel the grasp of its iron hands. Most certainly 
at my arrival this affair might have been setl'd in the 
most easy, amicable manner. I think you are mistaken 
about landlords & lords proprietors, for it was one of the 
foundations on which the matter proceeded that the Line, 
fall as it would, was not to affect property but jurisdic- 
tion onely, that all prior grants must doubtless be good, 
for I at psent think it impossible that such a flagrant 
injustice can possibly be impos'd on mankind in an 


English government as to alter men's rights & propertjs. 
I am not, I assure you, with* any fears that the obstinacy 
of the late House of Eeps., thro' the whole of the last 
year, in not supplying the Treasury may be call'd a down- 
right forfeiture of the Charter. What can be a greater 
affront to the King ? & what a greater breach upon his 
people? than not to pay those who have just demands 
on the government & to have an entire neglect of the 
defence of the whole Province, the people thereby left 
naked & the enemy invited to make depredations & 
ravages as they please. What the coming Assembly may 
be, or their temper, is very uncertain. To touch once 
more on the late event. The deceas'd hero,^ say monster, 
destroy 'd the whole affair at Newbury,! & generations to 
come may rise up & call him cursed. I salute you very 
kindly as, Hon^^^ Sir, 

Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Boston, May 15, 1740. 
^ Capt Huske. 


My dear Son, — The 17 currant I receiv'd f Fones 
your several letters of March 20, 21 & 22. That respect- 
ing M"" Lloyd's affair I shall ans"" by itself, & now go on 
to the others. I am sorry M"" Newman should retain any 

regard for M"" D y,t who has made himself such a 

prostitute to every thing that's mean & vile. I should 
'a' been glad of a letter from Cap* Coram, but must wait 
the next ship. I am amaz'd at the repeated reports of 
the Lds. of Tr — de on Gulston & Companies memorial, 
but still more at the decision of the grand affair between 

* Cook. — Note hy Rev. Dr. BelJcnap. 

t 1731. — Xote by Rev. Dr. Belhnap. — The reference is to the meeting, at Newbury in 
the autumn of 1731, of Committees of the Lep;islatures of New Hampshire and Massachu- 
setts in order to try to effect a settlement of the boundary disputes. — Eds. 

X Paul Dudley. — Eds. 


the Provinces, & this is all I shall say on either at pre- 
sent. How could M"" J. Sharp act so ungenerous a part 
to you (after you was retain'd as council) as not to let 
you into a share of the pleadings? I am sure this don't 
tally with his repeated professions of friendship to me 
& to you. However, as you observe, since it took the 
turn it did, it's best for you. I hope my letter to M'^ 
Horatio Walpole of 21 Janua f Laggit and its duplicate 
T Snelling are got to hand, which I think will give full 
satisfaction to his Exc^ for my negative on that unworthy 
man. I might have also mention'd what Secry Willard 
told me some years agoe, when comiss"^ were made out to 
the several Justices of the Province, & the Secry offer'd 
him his, he refus'd it, & with great disdain. Sure it is 
impossible that his Excellency will insist that I should 
suffer such a man to sit with me at the Council board 
when he calmly considers these things, — at least till he 
humbles himself to me in a handsome letter. 

I am sensible the matter of Auchmuty must be wav'd 
at present. 1 shall expect my cane as soon as you can 
get it ready. I desire to praise God with my whole heart 
that my health is almost as formerly. Why will you, 
Jon% go on trifling with so valuable a friend as D'' Col- 
man ? & M"" Hugh Hall (who is my very good friend) this 
day asking whether I had no letter for him from you 
seem'd much troubled w"" I was forc'd to tell him I had 
not. Eeally, Jon% you bring shame & dishonour on me 
& on yourself by treating gent™ that are my friends, 
& would fain be yours, with so much neglect & ill man- 
ners. Why will you so often stirr up my anger on this 
head ? It has been the rule of my life from one 25 March 
to another to look over the file of the past year's letters 
& not to leave one unanswer'd, & I have found my ac- 
count in so doing. Nay, tho' I have had vastly more on 
my head & hands than you could ever pretend to. The 
Register of Admiralty being but a trifling place it will 

1740.] TO JONATHA:Nr BELCHER, JR. 301 

the more dishonour me to have your brother put out 
after I have put him in. You must therefore with Coram 
plye S"" Charles close for a warrant. Sh — r — ly is in the 
dregs of poverty, with a large family, & is as mean, false, 
ungratefull & perfidious as any instance I have met with, 
but in short this w^orld is full of such creatures. I am 
making my utmost efforts to remit your uncle a consider- 
able sum very soon, & I will do it if all the interest 
& estate I have in the world will accomplish it. I can't 
enough express my gratitude for his great & unwearied 
care, vigilance & fidelity to my interest & service. Such 
a friend is worth the name of one & my heart is fir'd with 
gratitude to the whole body of Quakers who have at this 
juncture given such signal proofs of their sincerity to 
serve me at a time when I so much wanted their interest 
& friendship ; & yet after all my enemies with you do by 
Fones assure their confederates here that New Hampshire 
is already gone, & that Sh — ^r— ly will soon have his 
comiss° for Mass^ but your uncle seems to think other- 
wise. I wish he mayn't be deceiv'd, & much I wish so 
for your sake. Surely the infernal dungeon can hardly 
produce an equal to W — 1 — do for pride & rancorous 
malice. Me thinks the forg'd letter he gave S'' C. Wager 
should destroy his C^" with the King's ministers & with 
every other honest & good man. The Collector of Pis- 
cataqua dy'd a few days since. I sh'd think that big 
enough for a broken barrister ; if not, & New Hamp- 
shire must finally be rent from me, why mayn't he 
have that? 

I now come to the great affair of matrimony, which for 
reasons I have mention'd seems to be absolutely neces- 
sary for you to come into with as much sooness as wisdom 
will allow. I remember talking with M'^ Shirley some 
years agoe upon that article with respect to you. He 
said it would be some thousands in the scale that you 
marry'd while I was Gov"", for that the name of a Gov^'^ 


son of SO considerable a couiitrey would go a great way 
with a young lady. The present Sollicitor Gen^^, I think, 
married a shoemaker's daughter in Fleet Street,- & had 
with her 6000 gs., when I suppose he had nothing but 
his gown to weigh against it. I may be right, or per- 
haps wrong ; so it may be best to keep this to your- 
self, tlio' by a prud* inquiry you may know how the 
matter was. You say you have been lately in close 
treaty with the lady you mentioned to me, & that the 
prospect was favourable. If you can get the lady's 
heart her friends (which are but distant & collateral) 
will not be able to keep you out of possession of 
her person & fortune. You say you soon expected her 
ultimate resolution, which I shall be glad to know.*" 
Can't our choice friend Coram & his good spouse assist? 
Whatever you do in the matter must be with great 
closeness & privacy. To marry a qualification will be 
a fine thing, but much finer to obtain your election at 
Tamworth or somewhere. That, as you observe would 
soon give you a figure in the Hall. My dear son, I 
am in this difficult situation of affairs more concern'd 
about your settlement in life than about any other sin- 
gle article of my family, for 1 can do for you no more 
than I can do. I remain, w^ith great affection, 

Your carefull father. J. B. 

Boston, May 19, 1740. 

Jones (to Bristol). Pace. 


Hon''^'' Sir, — I have your favour of the 26 currant. 
As to this Assembly, they carry on the phrensy as you'll 
find by yesterday's work, & I beleive before the year 

* Apparently the answer was unfavorable. Jonathan Belcher, .Tr., was not married | 

until after his return to America, when he was married to the daughter of Jeremiah Allen. 
— Eds. 


expires will hardly leave Jupiter a hair upon his face, but 
will bid defyance to his imperial resentment & then the 
sh — psk — n may serve to cover a cartonch box for some 
cavalier. Altho' there was no alteration 7*^ of last month 
yet I really think you'll hear there is by Rhymes, yet 
I can't guess at the name, tho' Bl — d — n's rake is as likely 
as any body. What you heard was said about the Duke 
was a mistake ; nor dare I have spoke so, nor could it 
have been w^ise if I had dar'd. You may depend on my 
earliest advices, & that ,they will be such as you may 
entirely relye on. To print the inclosed I think would 
gratifye the clan, do no good here, & hurt our friends 
with you, so I return it. Nobody wishes you better 
than does. Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, May 29, 1740. 


Sir, — Y^ours of 30 ulti. is before me. ^haps the 
advices f Rhymes, who came hither yesterday in 6 
weeks from London, may flatten the clan more than any 
ship that has yet arriv'd. Rymes & Sam. Wentworth 
came yesterday to wait on me in a dutifull manner, with 
a packet from the Earl of Egmont, a great favourite of 
the King's & an annuall correspondent of mine. I have 
letters to 17 April. The storm has spent itself without 
an}- execution in either Province, & I beleive I must be 
oblig'd to come & see you when this Assembly rises. I 
fancy the 4 millions of acres will be lotted into gardens 
&ca. if Mass^ should not be able to get a reconsideration, 
which they'll struggle hard for in 20 w^ays before they'll 
despair, 'phaps the poor little Province may finally be 

coopt up in itself. Bl — d — n has been the that has 

done all the . There may be a way found to bring 


the matter into Westminster Hall, & not by appeal or 
complaint. I am perswaded Ipswich,* who is so ple- 
thorick, must suffer a new & large phlebotomy before 
things get to a conclusion. You may depend I will con- 
sult his health on that head in all the ways I can. I have 
not heard a syllable relating to Kingswood. You'll find 
Pam t did his duty to our Sarah.$ I am sorry for the new 
affliction of our worthy ColP H. The affliir of the store 
ship is adjusted & the masts are to come to Nantasket 
with all dispatch ; but fall back fall edge, I have nothing 
to do in that matter, yet the Devil will be busy. I can't 
say what will be the upshot of the session here, but doubt- 
less bad enough, tho' the bounty for inlisting is a fine 
thing in the Gov''' favour. The detection of the accursed 
forgery to S"" Charles Wager has been of eminent service 
to your friend, & as much as possible the reverse to Trin- 
kalo,§ who I beleive is in the dreadful 1 situation such vil- 
lains deserve to feel. They say he darn't stay there, nor 
come here. You'll learn more particulars from the son 
of the hang'd Yorkshire || y'' may be come at otherwayes. 
This is a red letter day, & I can't inlarge, but am alwayes, 
as you know, J. B. 

Boston, June 2, 1740. 


Sir, — I have yours of 2 & 6 instant by the posts. As 
to the D — and the Qu — k — rs, let it remain a secret, tho' 
fact. P — 1 is but as he is, tho' I could not have thought 
him so silly. What may be your new acquisition is 
uncertain. I pretty much agree about the negroes' holi- 

* John Rindn'o. — Eds. 

t Governor Belcher's clerk wrote "Sam," and the Governor changed it to "Pam," 
The meaning is obscure. — Eds. 

|: Paul Dudley. — Eds. § Samuel Waldo. — Eds. 

II John Thomlinson. — Eds. 


day. Lord Egmont is a great favourite tho' not a minis- 
ter, nor was his long letter at all upon New England 
politicks. I had many packets T Khymes & his passen- 
gers, & I believe no roguery attempted on them. I am 
fully easy & think Sarah's oblig'd to me for turning quack 
to vomit & purge her once a year, which may be a service 
to her broken constitution. You know the filthy slut 
loves money, & she finds few such physicians as I am, for 
I administer all gratis. Sancho and Trinkalo were (un- 
doubtedly) the authours of the villainous forgery. The 
latter (they write) deliver'd it with his own diabolicall 
hands. I have nothing particular of that to the worthy 
Q-Qyr # What you hint will not hasten me to New Hamp- 
shire, for (as a secret between us) I am afraid the glo- 
rious grand affair is laid aside, if 'twas ever intended.! 
I could say more ; but Morris may tell us of Sancho, the 
Don, & the boundaries. The wind is fair, & he's daily 
expected. I am very kindly. 

Yours. J. B. 

Boston, June 9, 1740. 


Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of the 16 & 20 currant. 

I beleive the wicked young H has a hard time of it 

to clear himself of the quondam companions of his wanton 
amours. I think all things relating to the Line will rest 
as at psent, till something new comes from home, which 
may be hourly expected by Morris. I agree with you 
that the Prince of Darkness could not dispatch an imp 
from his infernal pit better qualify'd to scatter plagues 
and vexations than Sancho. As thing-s stand I can't form 


a reasonable hope as to New Hampshire. We must have 

* Samuel Holden. See />osf, p. 326. — Eds. 

t A proposed expedition against the Spanish West Indies, which was carried out in the 
following year. — Eds. 



patience, & a little time may determine us. Your cap- 
tain is without his fellow for his sort of serious religion 
& vital piety. You seem impatient for the blessednesses 
that are hastning to you. I see Sarah continues mean 
& sordid, and doubtless curses inwardly. I am in great 
fears that the golden expedition is laid aside. I wish you 
much health & every other blessing. Hon^'^ Sir, 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

BosTOX, June 23, 1740. 

S'*, - — I leave the inclosed open for you to read, seal, & 
deliver. You must immediately send for Husk, as the 
affair is to be heard o' Thursday. I think Reed has done 
the ans'" well, yet you may add or leave out, as you think 
proper. Don't fail to assist all you can at this juncture, 
"^'haps it may give a lucky turn to the matter. 



Sir, — I have yours by the post of the 20, with copy 
of Roach's petition to the Judge of the Admiralty, w^iich 
is an extraordinary one, and I beleive the allegations not 
true. I don't at all scruple but that those whose duty it 
is to pursue the Acts of Trade in punishing illicit traders 
are stoutly fee'd the other way, nor have I the least ex- 
pectation of justice to the Crown, yet it's best you should 
urge a final decree. This post will tell you ColP Spots- 
wood ^ dy'd at Maryland the 7^^ instant. I am, Sir, 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, June 23, 1740. 

Sir, — Inclosed is the rough of a petition I have got 
M' Reed to draw, which must be fairly transcrib'd, 

* The Postmaster-General for the Encrlish Colonies in North America. — Eds. 


sign'd, & put into the Court of Admiralty in ans"" to 
Roach's petition, and you must strenuously insist that 
there be no further delay of a final decree. This goes 
under Secry Waldron's cover, whom I have desir'd to 
assist all he can in the affair. J. B. 


My deae 80:^", — I wrote you yesterday, & have little 
to add. You must send me the produce of the eight 
rings herewith in 3 or 4^^ of good sealing wax & good 
gilt paper (quarto) & send it by the very first, for I am 
just out. In this bundle is a leathern wastcoat & breeches, 
which get lac'd with gold in the handsomest manner, not 
open or bone lace, but close lace, something open near 
the head of tlie lace. Let it be substantial, strong lace. 
The buttons to be mettal buttons, with eyes of the same, 
not buttons with wooden molds & catgut loops, which 
are good for nothing. They must be gilt with gold & 
wrought in imitation of buttons made with thread or 
wire. You must also send me a fine cloth jockey coat of 
same colour with the wastecoat & breeches, lin'd with a 
fine shalloon of same colour & trim'd plain, onely a button 
with same sort of that with the wastecoat, but propor- 
tionably bigger. The coat may be made to fit me by the 
wastecoat. I must also have two pair of fine worsted 
hose to match this suit, a very good hat, lac'd or not, as 
may be the fashion, & a sett of silver buckles for shoes & 
knees, & another sett of pinch-beck. I say, let all be 
good of the sorts, & be sent by first good opportunity. 
These things may cost £16 or £18, & I will in a few dayes 
send you a bill for the payment. You have by Fones 
Cap* Larrabee's present of half a barrell of pickled pork 
& a barrell with half a doz"" hams of our own making. 


With these do as your uncle & you think best. I much 
want Morris's arrivall, when shall write you again, & 
am alwayes 

Your loving father. J. B. 

Boston, July !«*, 1740. 

(Fones. Snow.) 


HoN'^^" Sir, — I am favour'd with y'' of 30 ulti. & 4 
present. You'll find by the prints the Gov"" has sign'd 
the act for his own support, & this day the bill for 
supply of the Treasury, out of which the Gov'' is to re- 
ceive for what he wanted last year & for his this year's 
grant, — upwards £4800. The Gov''^ friends in the 
House gain ground. Patience will do great things. The 
present posture of affairs seems to disconcert the enemies' 
measures. The grand expedition, fear of an Indian warr, 
& the great uncertainty of a change keep their auxilia- 
ries (at least) very loose. I don't at all relish the thought 
of a supersedeas with you. I prefer my reputation & 
honour to profit or ease. When it is as you fear, it 
will be time enough to make the best of a bad market. 
I thank your hint of inviting the Indians hither, & 
have so manag'd as to bring the Court into a request to 
me to send an express to 'em, which went away Saturday 
last (Cap* Storer, member for Wells) to Saco, Richmond, 
& George's. If they come, they don't intend mischief 
If they do not come, we may presume they do. As to 
the voyage to G* Britain we must well consider that, 
whither they may not be kept drunk there & talk other- 
wise y° they have alwayes done here. I take very kindly 
your constant hint to me for making the best use of the 
various scenes that now open. This town, as you observe, 
will feel the smart of the war (I mean in their purses) I 
beleive Rhymes's ship is after all bound to London, & I hear 

1740.] TO .RICHARD WALDRON. 309 

loading with masts for the India Company. I am not 
fully in fear of an Indian warr, so I & my friends must 
pursue the expedition in every way & method possi- 
ble till it's sail'd, for phaps the part I may act may be 
us'd as a test (this to yourself). I will do all I can to ward 
of an Indian warr. 

I can't help saying I am pleas' d that Sarah had a sali- 
vation in the House a few days agoe. Had the filthy slut 
had one of another sort 30 years agoe her bowsprit per- 
haps might 'a' been now of the common size. My instruc- 
tions for Massachusetts are the same with New Hamp, & 
I understand they are the same to all these governments. 
We must get what men we can with you, & if we get 
none how shall we help it? If the Assembly will do 
nothing, & the expedition drop thro' on their part, yj 
must answer it. God willing I intend to be wdth you 
22 instant, & at present think to come on horseback 
as most for my health. I return the copy of the 
brief. As the event is known, I shall make no remarks 
on it till I see you. Inclosed are orders for the Coll''^ to 
get lists ready of their regiments, which I will see or 
not as may be judg'd best when I come. I am uncer- 
tain as to ColP Blakeney's coming hither. The Gov""' of 
Connecticut and Rhode Island I suppose receiv'd their 
instructions T Coll° Blakeney at same time I did mine. I 
write my landlord of being with you the 22, & to have his 
warrants ready at a minute. Give M"" President the in- 
closed that he may call a Council to pass proclamations of 
the inclosed tenours, & that no time may be lost I send 
blanks sign'd for you to fill up. This will be a busy 
summer. We must be alive & wise. Sir, 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, July 7, 1740. 



Sir, — You have shown y"" desire of contributing what 
assistance you can for his Majesty's service in the pre- 
sent expedition by recommending to me some persons for 

You must be sensible if every gentleman in the Prov- 
ince of your order should take the same freedom you 
have done, such applications must give me a great deal 
of trouble. You'll therefore avoid any thing of the like 
nature for the future. Sir, 

Your servant. J. B. 

Boston, July 12, 1740. 
•P S. Greenwood. 


Sir, — I have yours of 6 instant t Grrely, & of 11 T 
post, & see you had past the proclamation for incouraging 
the expedition. The other may be done as you propose. 
I have prorogu'd this Assembly to the 20 of next month, 
after my enemies had the mortification to see the Gov"" 
carry his grand points, as — all possible incouragement 
to the expedition; supply of the Treasury; building a 
guard ship for the coast ; a new inlistment for the Castle, 
v^ith an addition of 20 men, & all the w\ages rais'd ; the 
Gov'''^ last year's salary & this got into his pocket. These 
were pills or large bolus's, at which the enemy gag'd, but 
were forc'd to swallow. 

My (or our) friends were especially generous to Sarah in 
another smart salivation last week. If the filthy baggage 
isn't thorowly cleans'd from her unsoundness, I can do 
no more than by taking care that proper application 
should be made towards it. By the advices I have re- 
ceiv'd in a few days past I think there's no great danger 




of a rupture with the Indians, & soon after Storer's return * 
I expect a number of the chiefs will be here. However 
this bluster will be a hard stroke upon Trinkalo several 
ways. I shall, as the fellow did with his class, make the 
most of this event. And I have great reason to believe 
the grand test will turn out to your friend's great advan- 
tage. I am awake & alive. No grass grows to my heels ; 
nor is any stone unturn'd. Last night came to town 
some of the English officers with my packets from ColP 
Gooch, command"" of all the American forces, & from Col^ 
Blakeney, Adjutant Generall of all the forces to be 
und'' Lord Cathcart. Whereas the King depended on my 
raising but 400 men, I shall raise 1000. Trinkalo & his 
hounds represented I would not be able to get a man. 
The painter f is a worthless rascal, & perhaps his brother 
of the quill will be meaner than he in a little course of 
time. The address of the Council was got to London by 
Snelling, who sail'd hence about 12 March, and w^e must 
still indeavour to counterwork the party by anti-petitions. 
My sole business with the Assembly is to recomend the 
expedition to them in the warmest manner, and I wish we 
may be able to raise a couple of hundred men (Teagues 
& all). Think well about some tawnies \ going to White- 
hall. It may be safest & best. I think I shall be able to 
manage it. As I have such great affairs on the tapis here, 
I mustn't stay with you more than 14 dayes. Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, July 14, 1740. 

I now return the brief forgot last post. 


* See anU, p. 308. — Eds. 
t Judge Auchmuty. — Eds. 

\ Indians.. Governor Belcher was considering the expediency of sending a deputation 
to England to thwart Waldo. — Eds. 



May IT PLEASE YOUR Grace, — This carryes dupli- 
cate of mine of 30 of June, to which your Grace will 
please to be referr'd. I am now to acquaint your Grace 
that upon laying his Majesty's instructions respecting the 
expedition before the Assembly of this Province they have 
fallen into every thing his Majesty expected from them/ 
as y'' Grace will find by the inclosed acts or orders of the 
Court. I have with the advice of his Majesty's Council 
appointed ten cap*"^ for the troops to be rais'd in this Prov- 
ince, which I hope may be a thousand men ; & the 23 
instant I am to meet an Assembly at New Hampshire to 
lay before them this important affair, w^hen I wish they 
may show a proportionable zeal for his Majesty's service 
with this Province, but as their numbers are small they 
will not be able to do much. ColP Gooch & Col^ Blake- 
ney have sent the commissions, pay, & arms for only four 
companies ; but I shall be expecting sufficient for the 
other six, upon their receiving what I have since wrote 
them. I am now providing transports for a thousand 
men, & hope to have them at the place of rendezvous 
(within the Capes of Virginia) some time in September, 
which are the place & time ColP Gooch mentions to me. 
As his Majesty seems to have had a dependance on onely 
three thous*^ men from this continent (from Virginia to 
Nova Scotia), I hope my raising a third part of that num- 
ber in this Province will find a gracious acceptance with 
his Majesty, which will be a sufficient reward for all the 
zeal I can possibly exert myself with for giving the 
greatest dispatch in raising & sending away the troops I 
am charg'd with. 

May it please your Grace, — The Assembly of this 
Province have lately sat about six weeks, & have supply'd 
the publick Treasury, agreeable to his Majesty's orders. 


& have laid a tax for drawing in what bills they were 
oblig'd to draw in to this time, but I shall not trouble your 
Grace with any other of their proceedings, because I have 
duly transmitted their Journals to your Grace. I have 
the honour to be with all imaginable respect, my Lord 

Your Grace's most devoted & most obed* serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, July 15, 1740. 

Inclosed are the acts of this Assembly for incouraging 
y® expedition. 

(Snow. Ball.) 


Sir, — My last was 30 ulti. T Fones, duplicate whereof 
you have herewith ; since that I have none of your favours. 
We think Morris & Shepherdson stay long. The Assem- 
bly of this Province are risen after sitting about six weeks, 
& the session is come out as well as any since I have been 
in the government. They have supply'd the Treasury 
according to the King's instructions. Drawn in all the 
money they are oblig'd to do to this time. Order'd the 
forts on the frontiers to be repair' d ; a ship to be bought 
for the defence of the coasts. Have done all the King 
has requir'd respecting y® exped". Rais'd the wages of 
Castle W"" & added 20 men. I am much pleas'd with the 
influence I have had on this Assembly for promoting 
his Majesty's honour & service & the welfare of the 

I am told M"" Waldo & Kilby gave out at London that 
if Gov"" Belcher was continu'd he would not be able to 
get any men for the expedition, but that Waldo's quon- 
dam lawyer * (if put in) would raise men easily. I was 

* William Shirley. —Eds. 


surpriz'd to hear any thing so absurd. The poor man has 
neither knowledge nor interest to do any thing of this 
kind, yet the Duke of Newcastle has wrote him to assist 
what he could in the affair, which letter he let a gent"" in 
town read, & inclosed are copies of four letters he wrote 
me on this occasion & my short ans^ By this you may 
see the Duke intends to make my conducting the expe- 
dition a handle against me, if he can make out any mis- 
take. I therefore proceed in it with all my zeal & with 
all my caution ; & altho' the King seems to expect but 
400 men from this Province, yet I hope to raise a thous*^ 
good troo2)S to join my Lord Cathcart ; & the 23 instant 
I meet an Assembly at New Hampshire on this important 
design, & wish I may be able to raise some men there, 
tho' I have but little expectation, that Province being 
very thin in men & estate. 

If after all my honest and zealous indeavours & per- 
forming this service well I must be superseded it w^ould 
be cruel treatment, & is what I cannot beleive. Most of 
the principall gent"" of this town have wrote to their 
friends at London in my favour, & you must be constantly 
on your watch & guard, for Waldo, Dunbar, Wentworth 
& she Sh — r — ly ^ will still be indefatigable. Eead my 
letters to Duke of Newcastle & to Lords Trade ; then seal 
& deliver. You'll also communicate to M' Belcher. I 
saw a letter of 5 April last from Kilby to a gent"" here to 
desire him to discourage the expedition all he possibly 
could, by which you may see Kilby is not in the Gov''' 
interest. I am most sincerely. 

Your friend & brother. J. B. 

Boston, July 15, 1740. 
(Snow. Ball.) 

* Mrs. Shirley was then in London. — Eds. 



Sir, — I have both yours of 18 instant by the post. 
The late session ended finely, and the members went away 
in good temper. The distant fears of a French, the pres* 
fears of an Indian, that already of a Spanish, war, the 
expedition forming, the poor efforts of Agent K — by, 
cum multis aliis, gave the Gov"" considerable influence & 
advantage, & yesterday's advices ^ Shepherdson add 
weight in the right scale. Adieu, paper currency from 
all the plantations by addresses from the Commons to the 
King, k""^. As to traversing the frontiers, that may be 
easily obtain'd, and by Agent Wilks' letter I am apt to 
think Mass^ must still keep Fort Dunimer, & perhaps all 
the lands granted before the late determination, & no 
separate Gov"* or any alteration to 22 May, or distant 
prospect of it. The King gone to Hanover, & all things, 
as it were, dormant at Court. Some say Trinkalo (being 
exhausted) is returning in the mast ship, but I some- 
thing question it. I will make the best of the Ind° visit 
when it comes, & will think further about sending them fur- 
ther afield. When I come shall remember Casco & North- 
field treaties, tho' I don't know for what, & the acts about 
the expedition. What monsters are they in lying ! I have 
not orders to press a man, nor is there occasion. Volun- 
tiers appear more than enough. I thank you & am much 
pleas'd with the suggestions for the Assembly. At pres* 
I think to confine myself intirely to the exped°, & which 
may make out the greater merit.* But I am at last un- 
certain of coming to you at the adjournment. Next 
Saturday I expect ans""' to my letters wrote ColP Gooch & 

* Governor Belcher met the Assembly of New Hampshire Aug. 1, 1740. His speech, 
which is of unusual length, relates wholly to the expedition, and was probably meant for 
use in England. The editor of the Provincial Papers of New Hampshire (vol. v. p. 69, 
note) says it "cannot now be found." It is, however, copied in full in Belcher's Letter 
Book. — Eds. 


Coll° Blakeney, & till then I don't know but my quota 

may be confin'd to 400 men, altho' we have appointed 

ten cap% who hope to raise 1000 men. Of this more in 

my next. Sir, 
•^ ' lour serv\ J. 1>. 

Boston, July 21, 1740. 



Sir, — I have receiv'd yours T Shepherdson of 28 
April, 7, 13, 16 & 21 May. That rascal Woodside is re- 
turned hither to be a lieu' in the pres' expedition. I see 
my answer to the complaint of North & others (carry'd 
on by Waklo) was lodg'd at the Plantation Office. I 
hope you have receiv'd what more I sent relating to that 
complaint T Jones to Bristol. As Waldo's malice is with- 
out bounds, you may depend he will not let the matter 
rest, but will bring it on when he thinks it most to his 
advantage. I am therefore very thankfull that you will 
watch him narrowly & continually till he comes away. I 
expect he will be every day making new attempts to 
hurt me. I take notice, brother, with the greatest grati- 
tude, of your indefatigable care & pains to defeat my 
enemies in all their malicious, wicked attempts & in their 
new one with my Lord Cathcart. I have good reason to 
beleive I shall do myself as much honour with the King 
& his ministers in the affair of the expedition as in any 
one thing that has been under my management since I 
receiv'd the honour of his Majesty's commission, and when 
the affair is compleated I shall transmit to the Secry of 
State a full & particular account of my whole conduct 

I am sensible the woman at home * is ])erpetually teaz- 
ing the Duke in favour of her husband. It was very 
kind in Baron Scroop that he would let you know if there 

* Mrs. Shirley. — Eds. 


was any danger, & M"" Whitworth was very good also in 
all he said to you & I will soon write a letter of thanks 
to both these gentlemen. I am under great & repeated 
oblige to S*" Charles Wager for what he said in my favour 
at the Duke's, & freely & gratefully own to you, brother, 
that M"" Whitworth made you a compliment when he said 
that I was under a great deal of oblig* to you for your 
constant sollicitations, nor do I think any man in England 
cou'd do or would do more. I will not forget half a brr. 
cranberries for M"" Whitworth. I wish M"" H. Walpole 
may be made sweet. All I have said to him respecting 
M"" Dudley is true to a tittle ; but how is it possible for 
me to bring legal testimonies of the private kindnesses I 
did him from time to time ? This cannot be suppos'd, or 
to bring persons to swear about his insolent carriage to 
the Gov''; yet after all these things, brother, if M'' Wal- 
pole would comand him to write me a handsome letter & 
ask my pardon & promise a mannerly behaviour for the 
future, I should be content to forget all that's past, & to 
receive him at the Council. But without something of 
this nature I must be content to run all risks rather than 
suffer myself to be insulted, more especially since the 
thing is now become so publick. As to the resolutions 
of the House of Commons about paper currency in tlie 
plantations, I am well pleas' d with them ; for emissions 
of paper, unless fix'd at an invariable standard are but a 
constant fraud & cheat upon mankind, & the sooner a 
peremptory stop be put to so vile a practice, the happier 
will the plantations be & all that have any trade or com- 
merce with them; & I am glad you hadn't- opportunity to 
make opposition to the resolutions. I never had any ex- 
pectation that Kilby would be able to do any service in 
what he went about, & was alwayes apprehensive that he 
was an enemy to the Gov"", & by what you say I am now 
fully convinced of it. I am told he has no tho'ts of re- 
turning to this countrey, but intends to get into partner- 


ship with M'" Wilks. He was a lying villain to say what 
he did at the other end of the town, & I think I may 
truly say if a Gov"" might be chosen at this day by the 
people, I should have 15 voices in 16 thro' the Province. 
You may depend I shall have no difference with the As- 
sembly when it can be possibly avoided, & you will find 
all things w^ent smooth & well at the last sitting of the 
Court, & that the Gov'" carry'd all the points he desired, 
except that of obliging the- Assembly to ascertain the 
value of the bills emitted. I wonder M"* Sandys or any 
member of the Ilon'''^ the House of Commons should think 
it a fault in me to give my assent to a bill for more than 
£30,000, notwithstanding my instructions. Whoever 
reads that instruction wnll find the sense of it to be that 
I am not to consent to emitting more in one year than 
may be necessary for the support of the government that 
year, & this I have wrote to the Lords of Trade as the 
sense of that instruction, & don't remember ever to have 
receiv'd any new instruction about it. It must also be 
remember'd that £30,000 of bills at that day is near 
£00,000 of such bills at this time, & this happens from 
the bills being is^u'd on so Mse & vile a foundation, & 
sometimes it happens that the Assembly won't supply the 
Treasury for a whole year, & then they must supply the 
next year for the year past & the year to come, so the case 
has hapn'd this last year, & I have consented to an emis- 
sion of £80,000 of what they call old tenour bills, or 
£26,633. 13. 4 new tenour, & without this emission the 
government could not have subsisted. I thank you very 
kindly for the list of names of such as did not sign the peti- 
tion to the Duke. Can't you by M'' Stone or some of the 
under clerks in the Duke's office procure me a true copy 
of that petition ? For this I should be very thankfull. I 
can hardly beleive you are rightly informed as to many 
of the psons, because they profess great friendship to me, 
especially M"" John Merit. You may y'^fore be impos'd 


upon as to names, purely to do mischief by making a 
strangeness between you & some of my friends ; y'Tore 
get a copy if you possibly can, & I should be very thank- 
full if S"" C. Wager wou'd let you have that original forg'd 
letter deliver'd him by Waldo. As to the boundary be- 
tween this Province & Rhode Island I wish it had been 
agreed between 'em ; & I really think the fault was not 
in the Massachusetts that it was not. I am glad the ad- 
dress from the Council of New Hampshire got to hand in 
season & was deliver'd to my Lord Preside I hope it 
will do good service. Pray give my most humble duty 
to my Lord Wilmington, & let him know I have not been 
unmindfall of what he commanded me in the affair of 
Thetcher, whose heirs have been with me & are pre- 
paring proper powers to receive the money & to give 
the necess^ discharges. They live about 100 miles from 
hence & I am daily expecting to hear further from them, 
nor will I be negligent in the matter. When the instruc- 
tion comes respecting the settlement of the boundary 
between this Province & New Hampshire I shall take 
care it be duly put in execution. Wilks writes me by 
this last ship in the most kind and friendly manner. 
I therefore cannot think he is any other than the 
Gov""'" hearty friend. I observe S. Waldo was the offi- 
cious, malicious fellow that went about for signers to 
the petition. 

Young Osborn is hardly worth my notice. His father 
is my very good friend. I must pray you, bro, to get 
out & send me a warr* from the Admiralty for Andrew's 
being Register. I know severall people have wrote for 
it, & I am afraid by the delay he may lose it, which would 
be a great trouble to him & a dishonour to me. As to 
Jon% I wish he may for the future be more observant of 
my commands & behave with stricter duty than of late, 
— I mean in writing to me, D"" Colman, & such other 
persons as I mention to him. This he may fancy a 


trifling', indifferent thing, but you may tell him I will not 
be trifled with about it, or allow him to judge of the wis- 
dom of my directions ; but if he will not punctually ob- 
serve & obey me for the future, he may support himself 
& expect none from me. I leave you to judge whether 
I have not been too good a father to be neglected & 
slighted ; nor will I accept any of his plausible excuses. 
I am too old to be turn'd of with shams. Give him this 
paragraph to lye by him as a constant monitor. I admire 
how he can be so forgetful & ungrateful to D" Colman. 
A man that acts so deserves no friendship. I love him, 
but am asham'd of his conduct. I intend to write you 
again before this ship goes, & am, d"" Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, July 25, 1740. 

I am heartily sorry to hear of Gov'' Holden's indis- 

(Knox. • Coffin.) 


Sir, — I have yours of 25 instant. The chagrin about 
Agent Kilby is not a little. I think we are coming to an 
end of this vile paper stuff. How mercifull is it in the 
King & his Commons to take such care of these planta- 
tions, perishing not for lack of vision, but from love to 
fraud & dishonesty. 

They say your Spanish bankrupt certainly comes away 
sometime this month in Hills, but I wont beleive Trinkalo 
comes hither till I see him. If the Indians should incline 
to come up, I don't see how they can put into your river, 
my stay with you will be so short & uncertain. I shall 
bring the treaties you mention ; the expence in both was 
from 8 to £10,000. I thank your advice about coming 


at the adjournment. If I had not, you might 'a been 
sure it had been for good reasons. 

I beleive another election may bring your House 
of Represen''^' to be unanimous. I will introduce my 
speech as you hint. I intend to-morrow to put all things 
here into the best order I can about the troops, & to be 
o' horseback at Charlestown Wensday morning at 4 o'clock, 
& to be the next morning at Hampton by 7 o'clock. This 
you'll let ColP Sherburne & all our friends know. M*" 
Presid*' may have the inclosed if occasion. I have sign'd 
a blank for a dedimus to swear the Assembly. If my 
order to him should not be sufficient, you know the 
method, & must practice it. If you have any thing 
necessary to say before you see me, give it to this 
express. Sir, 

,Your serv*. J. B. 

Boston, July 28, 1740. 
^ express. 


Sir, — I have your favour f the post of 15 curr*; & thank 
you & Madam Sherburne for all your respect & kind- 
nesses. I found it hot on the road, but I thank God I got 
well home. I heartily wish you a better state of health. 
Considering your years & that you are often ailing, I don't 
at all take it amiss that you desire to resign the places you 
mention, and I shall indeavour to fill them in the best 
manner I can, when I am clear of my present hurry. As 
to the party, we must be patient & still hope & endeavour 
to defeat their violent, malicious attempts. We have 
ten companies compleated here for the expedition, six of 
which proceed with* commissions or arms, & I shall be 
sorry if Cap* Eyre should fail of success. It would be a 
dishonour to the Province & to the Governour & Council 
who were so unanimous in his appointment. His friends 
must therefore exert and assist him all they possibly can. 



The thoiis'^ men rais'd in this Province are all to be in 
this town to be muster'd & review'd next Monday (25 
instant), & after that will soon imbark. I am alwayes, 
Hon^'" Sir, 

Your hearty friend. J. B. 

Boston, August 18, 1740. 


Brother Partridge, — Yesterday I receiv'd your kind 
letters of 27 June & 1 July T Paterson (being duplicates 
of those T Snelling not arriv'd). I am glad the memorial 
of a majority of the Councill to the King had been re'd 
before the Lords Justices wherein (as you observe) were 
many good arguments against that Province having a 
separate Gov'". I can't but admire that the wliole should 
be rejected, because of the clause mentioning their being, 
annext to this Province. The ans""' M"" Belcher made to! 
Tomlinson's objections are well done. I see you will 
make the proper use of the protest of the three New 
Hampshire representatives. I wish the orders were sent 
forward for marking out the Line. I have reason to be- 
lieve Tomlinson delayes it, still to make a handle against' 
the Governour. I am lately return'd from New Hamp- 
shire where the Eepresentatives past a most malicious 
vote against the Gov"",* which vote & my answ^er shall be 
sent you by the next. 

I thank your care of my letters to the Quakers, M' 
Dodclington, M"" Gurney, & M" Hyam, all which I hope 
will do service. I thank you for duplicate of M"* Hyam's 
to me, which I shall answer in a little time, & won't forget 
the cranberries for him in season. I am heartily sorry 
for the death of the late excellent Governour Holden. I 

* The Journal of the House of Representatives of New Hampshire for this period has 
not been found. See New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. v. p. 28, note. — Eos. 


am afraid your nepliew will hardly find any success there ; 
it would be a fine thing if he could. M"" Hall was very 
desirous you should undertake the affair you mention, & 
I thought you would rather be pleas'd with it, since you 
must be paid for your sollicitation, & it might naturally 
lead you into a larger correspondence with him. He is 
a gentleman in good circumstances & a large trade. I 
should be glad you would serve him in the affair. I ask 
your pardon in this matter, & for the future will be cau- 
tious (as you desire). I am glad you are mistaken as to 
the names of some of the signers of the petition to Duke 
of Newcastle. Joshua Fleetham is good & patient over- 
much. I am asham'd I have not lately wrote him, & ask 
his pardon, will do it quickly, & find a w^ay to pay him 
all, or the greatest part, of what I owe him. I am very 
thankfull for your care in sending my son Andrew's 
patent for being Register of Admiralty, which I am ex- 
pecting to receive T Snelling, the charge whereof, being 
£10. 1. 8, you have plac'd to my account. Your bill 
to M'' Oliver for another £100 sterlg. shall be accepted 
& paid. I am glad my coz"" Wells and her children 
were all well. I see you had deliver'd mine by the way 
of Bristol to S"" Charles Wager, and would consult my 
son about the delivery of the rest. You will take proper 
care of my answer to the complaint of North & others, 
since you have receiv'd what I sent on that head by way 
of Bristol, & you have all I can do about it, & which I 
hope may be sufficient. You may depend, Waldo will 
not drop it, but will take the opportunity he may think 
best to bring it forward. As to the hints you gave to two 
members of Parliament about the paper currency in the 
plantations, I will only say that it is my opinion that it 
will be the ruin of all the British trade hither, & of the 
people of the colonies, if they may still be suffered to go 
on making paper currency, unless it be issu'd on an inva- 
riable value. I say, without this care, it must still load 


all estates & trade with certain loss and destruction. I 
am sorry you have not made a particular answer to what 
I wrote you 20 May respecting my dear son, your 
nephew, at the Temple. I can't express how much I wish 
it was in my power to do more & better for him, but he 
must be content, & so must I. It would rejoyce me much 
that he was well marry'd, or in good business in the Hall. 
Tell him he must learn to be a better husband of money, 
that he mayn't learn it too late by necessitous want of it. 
However, I will still be his father, & now again say, let 
him want for nothing, but comfort & incourage him for- 
ward in his studies. I shall soon write the Lords of Trade 
with the proceedings of the Assembly of New Hampshire 
in their late session. I am so hurry'd in dispatching the 
troops for the expedition, that I know not whether I shall 
be able to write my son by this conveyance. Give him 
my kind love, & beleive me. Sir, 

Your loving brother and assured friend. 

J. B. 

Boston, August 25, 1740. 

I have p"* towards the bills drawn by you & y'' nephew 
to Mr. Gatcomb 300, Oliver 100, — st^ £400, & will soon 
do the rest. 

(West. Coffin.) 


My DEAR Son, — Yesterday arriv'd Patterson & brought 
me yours of 2 ult\ I am sorry you gave me so much 
reason of complaint by your repeated unanswerable neg- 
lect of me. You must remember repentance and promises 
are but aggravations, without reformation. You may de- 
pend fine expressions & fine turns of rhetorick will not 
avail with me without carrying things into execution. 
1 therefore now charge & beseech you never to carry 
things to the length you have, least you disburden your- 


self of the fond affection of the best of fathers, who now 
freely forgives & blots out all that's past. I am expect- 
ing your letter in answer to w^hat I have again & again 
said to you of your great & unreasonable expence ; but 
let the answer be what it will I now confirm to you all 
I have wrote on that head from 20 October last to this 
time, & when you look over mine of 24 Janu* & reflect 
on the fine estate slipt thro' your fingers in 9 years past, 
surely you'll think it was high time for me to recover you 
to your senses, and indeavour to make you think & see 
& feel the value of money, for it will be a melancholly 
way of learning it by the wofull want of it, and w^hy 
should you be discomposed or bewildered by my affec- 
tion & fidelity to you when I told you in all my letters 
how desirous I was still to do every thing in my power 
to support you ? But I cannot do what I cannot. I w^ish 
you were happily & well marry'd or that you had good 
business in Westminster Hall, and you must indeed strug- 
gle & trye all probable ways (without too much mincing 
& modesty) to get forward in the way of your profession, 
or your lot must certainly be as I have said. It's my 
duty, & best for me & for you, that I be plain, and that 
you may be grave, wise, & solid, & not deceive yourself. 
You mention the situations of your brother And"^ & your 
brother Lyde. Andrew lives with me. I give him his 
dyet & lodging, & he has not besides for many years past, 
say commuiiibiis annis, spent sixty pounds sterling a year, 
so good a husband is he, & so much he knows the value 
of money. Your brother Lyde has a wife, six children, 
& 4 or 5 servants (which is a large family), and does not 
spend two hundred pounds sterling a year. Pray com- 
pare these things with your expence. Your brothers 
have at present the offices I have given them, but in case 
of my supersedeas, my successour will have favourites (as 
well as other governours), & your brothers then perhaps 
stript of all. Think of the vast expence I have been at 


for your establishment in life, & how little for theirs. 
However, Jon% I will go on to support you as far as I am 
able, & so I now write your uncle, & would have you go on 
with con:ifort & steadiness in your studies and practice. 
Your brotiier is greatly oblig'd to you for the kind solli- 
citation of his Admiralty patent, but he is an indolent 
creature, & I know not whether he'll ever write you 
a letter. I am heartily sorry for the death of that pious 
& excellent man, the late Gov"" Holden, who, I doubt not, 
is happy in a glorious world. The hellish acts practis'd 
with him against me are beyond expression or concep- 
tion, and perhaps the same has been done with the great 
personages I mention'd. I have spoken so fully about 
your foolish conformity that I add no more upon it, but 
that I think you will be wise to come of from it gradually 
with as much honour as you can. 

As to Ch — ck — ly & B — 11 — m, you must learn wit for 
the future or bear to let the wise world call you Fool. At 
present I see there is no alteration of the Gov'' in either 
Province. Your uncle & you must be constantly on the 
sharp look out, for my enemies will be so, & are alwayes 
double charg'd with infernal malice, Waldo more espe- 
cially. Wentworth, I hear, is come with Paterson. He 
was very poor & insignificant. I am told Waldo swears 
he will (if nothing else will do) ruin himself to ruin me. 
I had forgot to say that all the places held by your two 
brothers here are not worth two hundred & sixty pounds 
sterling a year. Such are their poor settlements and 
mean subsistences. Pray give my kindest respects to 
my worthy friend. Cap*' Coram, to whom I shall soon 
write. I have not answer'd the kind letters I receiv'd 
from M'" Lloyd's executors, & from M'" G. Lloj'd, because 
I have been ever since making a bargain with Cap* Mal- 
bone of Rhode Island (whom your uncle knows) for my 
estate at Mortlake, & am this day to sign the w^'itings 
with him, & the whole purchase money as soon as the 

1740.] TO ELLIS HUSKE. 327 

thing is compleated shall be paid to M"" Allen. Pray give 
my service to them, & let 'em know this, & that I have 
not been able to do more or sooner than I have ; & of 
this I shall soon write them very particularly. Waldo is 
full of the Devil, & would do any mischief or wickedness in 
his power against the Gov"", & so would the little insigni- 
ficant, who, I am satisfied, went over on purpose. I know 
not whether you have wrote your best of friends (the 
excellent D^ Colman) ; if not I leave your unw^orthiness 
& ingratitude to your own reproaching reflections, which 
I think will be punishment sufficient to an ingenuous 
mind. The answers you drew up to the objections made 
against the memorial of the New Hampshire Counsellours 
is well done, & I thank you. My service to M"" Barnar- 
diston and tell him I'll inquire about the lost Sam^ Brooks, 
& write you. I have this day paid of all your bills in 
favour of your uncle, altho' you never thought it w^orth 
while to mention to me the last of £250 ster^. I am so 
hurry'd in dispatch of the troops for the expedition that 
I must leave a great deal to be said to my next, & con- 
tinue, my dear son, 

Your very affec father. J. B. 

Boston, August 25, 1740. 
(West.) (Coffin.) 


Sir, — I duly receiv'd yours of 22 ult'. I have a bill un- 
dispos'd of of £157. 1. — sterling, which you & Cap* Moffat 
may have between you, if you send before it's gone. 
I suppose you both understand they are publick bills, 
& that I have no other concern with them than to in- 
dorse & receive the money for 'em. 

Str^. 157. 1. — 

Exch* a 400 628.4.— 

is £785.5.— 


The affair of the expedition with you I find will end as 
I alwayes suppos'd. I am sorry to complain that your 
deputy here is often from home when the post gets in, 
& that my York letters don't come without my sending. 
If he don't learn more manners, somebody must be found 
that will. With my compliments to M'"' Huske, I am, 
Hon^^« Sir, 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

BosTOx, September 1, 1740. 


HoNO'''''^ Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of 29*^ ult\ 
M'' Treasurer has sent me £179. — . — , being what I 
made the ballance, & will pay Pepperell & send me my 
note left with him, & you'll please to give him the war- 
rant. I am glad my landlady w\as pleas' d with what 
I sent."^ I thank you for the first Journals, & that I may 
soon expect the duplicates. I can't bear to mark the 
sordid, mean rascal's name upon paper. However, we 
are none of us disappointed, and perhaps the affair is in 
the best situation. You know it was not possible to avoid 
the session. I am glad you intend to send me by return 
of this post an antidote to the vote. As I said before 
I take it for their iiUimus conahis, and if we baffle it I think 
they'll despair. Let's then renew our pristine courage, 
& behave like ourselves. And you'll gravely & wisely 
consult the affair of the militia, & have it settled with 
all prudent dispatch. 

Don Granada I think will hardly be here 'till the spring. 
Inclosed is what I have about the memorial & the line ; 
the latter I am perswaded is delay'd for the arrivall of the 
vote, & I expect a smart attack this winter from the joint 

* " A picture," — probably the engraved portrait of himself. It was soiit to ^Mrs. Sher- 
burne, through Mr. Waldron, at the same time as the present to Mrs. "Wuklron. — Eds. 


artillery of Sancho, Trinkalo, Granada, & M''' Gypsy ^ upon 
both my strongholds, which I will defend to the last ex- 
tremity with all the arts, skill & bravery I am master of, 
& as anything good or bad comes to hand 1 shall send 
it you, for I don't now expect to see you 'till the time 
I mention'd at parting. I am ignorant of the rumours 
you mention of perplexities, &c^ I have sign'd & return 
the commission for a Special Justice. 

I am much oblig'd to M""^ Waldron & thank her for her 
favourable acceptance of the trifle by Horney.t I hope 
she'll keep you in good behaviour as long as the ale lasts, 
& she favours you now & then with a glass. My good 
wishes always await you both. Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, Sepf l'\ 1740. 


HoNO^''^ Sir, — I have yours of 12*^ psent. Odlin 
should have been wiser, & not have given the least colour 
to the enemy. The affair of the expedition ends without 
any disappointment to me. 

I think you have gain'd considerable intelligence out 
of Yorkshire's letter to the supe^t & it's plain that our 
counterworkings clog their proceedings, but by the strain 
of Yorkshire's letter I fancy the iimim is wanting thro' 
Ipswich's straitnesses. Since our friends are so intimi- 
dated that they dare not pursue the honest sentiments of 
their hearts for the happiness of their country, I must 
fight upon my own stumps & make the best defence I 

* 1. Dunbar, 2. Waldo, 3. Wentworth, 4. Shirley^swiie. — Note by Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

t Under date of August 25, Governor Belcher wrote to Mrs. Waldron : " I have put 
aboard Horney a box directed to Mr Secry, where are 12 bottles of Yorkshire ale & the 
shadow of one who has an honourable esteem for Mrs Waldron, & you'll forgive me while 
I ask your acceptance of these trifles, since they cannot challenge j'our favour. You'll let 
Mr Secry. taste the ale while he wishes your best health. The other thing may serve to fill 
some small blank in your walls." — Eds. 

I Theodore Atkinson. — Eds. 



can for myself & for your poor deluded people, & I will 
go on to the last to be faithfuU in iny own cause & theirs, 
& therefore now desire you to take the vile Vote in 
hand & draw a memorial (by way of antidote) for me to 
sign directed to the King. Do it in the best & most par- 
ticular manner you can, & with all dispatch, that I may to send forward. Depend on it this Vote is their 
idtimus conatus, and what they intend as a basis for all 
their batteries. 

I am glad Sir Charles has put in a Collector, who, you 
may depend, will soon be of the clan when he comes. 

I think the expedition here will finally end pretty 
well. We have five companies to sail this week, & is 
one more than CoV Gooch expected of me for both 

I thank you for the duplicate Journal. I heartily 
grieve & condole with you in the death of our late faith- 
full & best friend, th'e worthy Dennett.* His loss is too 
great for us to repair. He has left but few equals in the 
Province. As you say, our cause is greatly weaken'd, & 
so is the whole Province. I shall again heartily recom- 
mend the CoF' son t for a Councellour. Inclosed is the 
CoP letter & my answers, that we may serve some friend 
more active & more capable of serving us. Perswade Sam. 
to stand in his father's place in the Superiour Court, & 
think of the best man to fill the vacancy on your bench, 
for I shall be pelted with letters from CoP Jo, dangler & 
others, so the sooner it's done the better. I am afraid 
old simpleton won't stay long. They can now tye us, 
& then they'll outdo us. Don't we live in a strange, 
changeable, checquer'd state ? Sir, 

Yours in much truth. J. B. 

Boston, Sept"^ 15th, 1740. 

* Epliraim Dennet, one of the Council of New Hampshire, died suddenly at the age of 
fiftj^-seven, a few days before the date of this letter. — Eds. 
t Samuel Sherburne. — Eds. 

1740.] TO LORD CATHCART. 331 


May IT PLEASE TOUR Lordship, — As liis Majesty has 
done me the honour to conamit to my care his provinces 
of the Massachusetts Bay & New Hampshire, & that I 
sometime since rec'd the King's orders relating to an ex- 
pedition then forming against some of the King of Spain's 
settlements in the West Indies, and being inform'd that 
his Majesty's forces on this occasion are to be commanded 
by your Lordship, I am now to acquaint your Lordship 
that I have been prosecuting the affair with all possible 
diligence, & was in hopes to have sent your Lordship ten 
companies from hence, by the proclamations I issu'd from 
his Grace the Duke of Newcastle's letters to me, wherein 
I promist the King's commissions to the officers & the 
King's arms to the men. But so it has happen' d that to 
the great disappointment of both no more commissions & 
arms than for four companies have been sent me. This 
so chagrin'd the men of six companies, whose officers had 
no commissions, nor they any arms, that they insisted the 
terms of their inlistment were not comply'd with, & re- 
fus'd to proceed. However, I have perswaded one com- 
pany, under the command of Capt^ John Winslow, to go 
forward without commissions & arms, which makes np 
five companies, instead of ten which would have gone 
had the commissions & arms came forward. Four of the 
companies are imbarkt, & sail with the first wind, & 
the other in two or three days. The five companies 
from hence are under command of the following captains, 
— Daniel Goffe, John Prescott, Thomas Phillips, George 
Stuart, & John Winslow. I wish them well to your Lord- 

* Charles, eighth Baron Cathcart had distinguished himself during the rebellion of 
1715, and held several important posts at the Court of George I. In 1740 he was appointed 
to the command of the British forces in North America, and died at sea not long after the 
date of this letter. See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. —Eds. 


ship, & that your Lordship may gain the glory of wresting 
from his Catholick Majesty the key of New Spain, & of 
putting it into the hands of your royal master. I am 
with great respect, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most obedient & most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Sept^ 23^ 1740. 

To the care of ColP Blakeney ^ Express. 


Sir, — In July last I receiv'd your favour of 19 May, 
wherein I find you had been much imploy'd in solliciting 
an act of Parliament for inlarging & establishing the 
powers granted to your Foundhng Hospital. I con- 
gratulate you on the good success that has attended that 
noble, disinterested & generous design for the good of 

I was heartily sorry to hear in yours how much you was 
indispos'd ; but by some passengers that left Lond"" the 
last month I am told you was pretty well recover'd, of 
which I am very glad. I hope the King is w^ell return'd 
from Hanover before this time. Duke Trinkalo, you say, 
despairs of hurting the Governour, yet I hear he & his 
accomplices intend to make one generall attack more at 
the King's return in favour of a broken lawyer here,* 
who is Trinkalo's attorney in all law affairs. I shall 
therefore much esteem your good offices to be imploy'd 
for my service with such great men as you have interest 
with, and if they are defeated at this onsett, I beleive 
they'll hardly make another, so I must pray you to bestirr 
yourself among your friends. I kindly thank you for 
delivering my letter of 21 January past to his Excellency 

* William Sliirlcv. — Eds. 

1740.] TO THOMAS CORAM. 333 

M"" Horace Walpole, who you say had not then tune to 
read it. If he had so done, I think he would not have 
talkt to you in the manner he did. If M"" Dudley wrote 
to him that I said, Horatio Walpole had turit me a letter, hut 
I should not regard it, he wrote him a doivnright lye. W" 
Dudley had the rudeness to bring with him for witnesses 
of the delivery of the letter Edward Hutchinson & William 
Dudley, Esq""', and if it might be worth while I could 
send their affidavits that I said not a word, good or bad, 
after receiving & reading the letter, nor did I ever lisp 
one disrespectfuU word of M"" Walpole in my life ; and yet 
I don't at all wonder at this man's writing so, for I don't 
suppose he would stick at any thing, true or false, right 
or wrong, to gratifye his pride & ill nature, or to obtain 
filthy lucre ; & this is the generall opinion of mankind 
about this unworthy man. He is a member of the House 
of Repres^% and has in the sittings of the Generall Assem- 
bly made the most violent opposition he possibly cou'd to 
his Majesty's royal instructions to me for taking effectuall 
care that the bills of c'' of this Province should be punc- 
tually sunk according to law ; & he did in the most stren- 
uous manner oppose the sending of more than four 
companies from hence into the expedition under Lord 
Cathcart, altho' I had raisd ten, & he does generally 
appear against the Crown in what comes at any time 
before the Assembly. Surely then such a man cannot be 
thought worthy to be a Speaker or a member of the King's 
Councill, & his continued haughty behaviour to the King's 
Governour is unpardonable, for since I first negativ'd him 
(above three years agoe) he has never said a word to me 
by way of submission, for which reason (with others men- 
tion'd) I negativ'd him again last May, & wrote his Excel- 
lency M"" Walpole I had so done, copy whereof I inclose 
you, the better to furnish you with arguments if his Excel- 
lency should think it worth while to give himself any 
further trouble about this worthless, ungratefull man. I 


suppose you have long since heard the turn your letters 
took that were sent to Secry Willard & the Speaker. You 
have herewith authentick copies of the votes about them,* 
& they are very extraordinary, obtain'd by Dudley & his 
creatures, for he can make the meanest condescensions to 
get devotees. I think you are bound in honour to find out 
some way of making an answer and to expose him pub- 
llckly, which you may be able to do by advising among 
your friends and mine, and the better to inable you, I put 
in this packet a book call'd The Dejolorcible State of New 
England^ where you'll find a vile letter wrote by this man 
to his cousin in England to put him upon indeavouring 
to take away the charter of this countrey. This letter 
might go into one of the publick prints with proper ani- 
madversions upon it, & you might send a number of 'em 
that each member of the Assembly might have one. This 
wicked attempt of his is almost lost and forgot by the 
present generation, but the revival of it I beleive wou'd 
do his business, & I have no reason to think but that he 
is the same man still in heart & principle. M^ Thorn' 
Hutchinson, who is a passenger in Paterson, is a brother 
member with M"" P. Dudley of the House of Represen''^', 
and has been an ear & eye witness of the treatment of 
your letter in that House, as also of M"" Dudley's debat- 
ings & votings, & I beleive will be very free in his talking 
with you about it, for he resents the abuses offer'd you, 
& looks upon you a friend to his countrey. I shall give 
this gentleman a particular letter of recommendation to 
your favour & friendship. 

* At the session of the House of Representatives, May 29, 1740, the Deputy Secretary 
brought down a letter to the Speaker, under cover to the Secretary, sig'ned Tliomas Coram, 
and dated London, April 5th, 1740, which was read. The House thereupon passed the fol- 
lowing preamble and resolution, — " In ns much as the Letter contni7i$ stindnj injurious^ 
and scandalous reflections upon the honourable Paul Dudley, Esq., 3f ember of this House 
and the Sur/r/esfions therein contained are roithout support: Therefore, Voted, That it is 
unworthy the Notice of this House, save their Displeasure, and that therefore the aforesaid 
Letter be delivered by the Speaker to the said Paul Dudley, Esq. ; that so he may the 
better have his Remedy against the Author of the same." See Journal of the House of 
Representatives, 1740, p. 8, — Eds. 


I must now again, in the warmest manner, ask your 
repeated respect to my dear son M"" Belcher of the Tem- 
ple, to promote him in his profession, whenever you have 
opportunity by any of your friends. I grow old & must 
soon leave the world & don't find any incHnation in my 
eldest son to marry. I should therefore rejoyce my dear 
M'" Belcher of the Temple might be happily & well 
marry'd, and as he is turn'd of thirty I think it high 
time if he ever intends it. I must therefore again pray 
yours & my good countreywoman's assistance in this 
important affair. I am with the most sincere respect to 
you both, Sir, 

Your friend & ready servant. J. B. 

Boston, Oct" 25, 1740. 

(Paterson. Grant.) 


Sir, — I have yours of 24*^ currant, & take notice of 
what you say as to the young stallion. I don't want any 
further particulars of souring, but you may be assur'd I 
will never inable him to contribute a single mite to a 
boivl ; no, not to oblige you, my best friend. Therefore 
if one condition must be some provision for that meanest 
of rascals, I have done with the affair, as I find you have ; 
but if it could be done in any other proper way, I should 
rejoyce in it for your sake, & for your families, and per- 
haps it may a while hence. 

Inclosed is my order to the President to convene a 
Councill to consent to a Thanksgiving proclamation (but 
for no other business), a form whereof is herewith. I 
should really be best pleas'd it should take the turn you 
have mention'd, & that they should do what they do in 
pretty bold, rampant terms, to give the better colour for 
a suspension of two or three, which seems {rehis sic stan- 
tibus^ to be necessary. Can't you therefore be wise & 


guilefull enough to draw 'em forth to be pretty warm in 
their expressions & to let their reasons be ent** in Coun- 
cill for their negative, but don't let 'em dream of what is 
to follow. I am fond of what I now project. Pray think 
well of it, and agree with me if you can. It's a good 
time, for I think the Governour is out of all danger (for 
a year or two at least). The thought of hanging two or 
three in terrorem seems to be wise, just & mild. I assure 
you if I have taste & any judgement, the divine, the ad- 
mirable Whitfield ^ may fairly claim a lieutenancy, tho' 
your captain can never pretend to be a private centinel 
in the company. Poor dead, false, lifeless wretch. 

I am so ingrost with writing by M"" Hutchinson (who 
sails to-morrow or next day) that I ha'n't time to give 
you the particulars of the good tydings, but can assure 
you they are good & better than so. More ships are 
daily expected, when I may have more time to write 
you, & still more pleasing things. The instruct"' directed 
to Governour Belcher, both of Mass^ & New Hampshire, 
as to running the line and paper currency are aboard 
Hall, who may be here to-morrow. The Governour alone 
is instructed to do the affair of the line, & what comes 
now of their last Vote ? My present thots are that the 
Assemblies will set jig by jole, at Salisbury & Hampton. 
As to the money, that Assembly that w^on't furnish their 
share will wish they had, because the matter must then 
go forward ex loarte. The Assemblies must certainly sit 
at the time. The clan may now damn the Governour, 
but they must trust \\\vci^ pod nubila Phoebus. The matter 
of the masts is a trifle. The grand affair of a new Gover- 
nour is almost out of sight with them. Your uncle was 
really w^itty and humourous. Trinkalo will return a sort 
of a beheaded puppy, & if he should yelp, he'll not be 

* Rev. Georgo Whitcfield, who had been preaching in various parts of Xew England, 
Governor Belclier was much impressed by his sermons, and became one of liis most ardent 
admirers. — Eds. 


able to bite, if he comes. We have a squadron of deaths, 
writts, arrests, & judgements waiting to alight him. I 
think in the end, poor dog, he'll find no Trinkalo or 
Sancho ever made such an expedition. 

I am commanded by the Secry of State to send him 
without delay every step taken by the Gov'' & govern- 
ment in the present expedition, in which you must not 
lose a moment, & so tell the clerk of the late House that 
it is the Govern'''^ order that he gives you authentick copies 
of all done there, and let me have everything in the com- 
pleatest manner, as soon as possible ; and so must you 
comply with the inclosed orders about the bills of c"" & 
laws of the Province, & as to the latter a law book may 
serve as far as it goes, but these things must all be done 
out of hand. I am. Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Octo 27, 1740. 


May it please your Grace, — Upon looking back, 
I find I have done myself the honour of addressing your 
Grace on the important affair of the expedition against 
the Spanish settlements in the West Indies by my letters 
of April 30, June 4, 30, and July 15 last past, all which 
I understand have been deliver'd at your Grace's office, & 
have given your Grace the particular state of the matter 
at those times. By mine of 15 July your Grace will see 
I was in hopes to have sent away ten companies, the 
greatest part whereof I had then rais'd, but in a little 
time after, when they had got to this town (the place of 
imbarkation), where the Assembly was sitting, the Assem- 
bly did everything they could to discourage all the men 
from proceeding who could not be furnisht with the King's 
arms, nor their officers with the King's commissions, which 



I had promist in my proclamations issu'd agreeable to 
your Grace's letters to me. The extraordinary steps the 
Assembly took in this matter, I doubt not, your Grace 
has observ'd in the journals of the House of Represent"^' 
sent you some time since, upon which I had no expecta- 
tion of sending away any more than four companies, for 
which onely I receiv'd commissions & arms. Five of the 
companies that had not commissions and arms dwindled & 
broke to pieces presently, saying they were not oblig'd to 
proceed, since the terms of their inlistment were not com- 
ply'd with, viz*, to be commanded & conducted by offi- 
cers with the King's commissions, & the men themselves 
to be furnish'd with the King's arms. However, I did at 
last perswade one company to proceed without commis- 
sions or arms, & I have sent away to join ColP Gooch at 
Virginia five companies of 100 men each, under command 
of the following captains, — Daniel Goffe, John Prescot, 
Thom^ Philips, George Steuart, & John Winslow, Esq'^^, 
and they sail'd from hence in ^we transports about ^ye 
weeks agoe. T wrote early & earnestly to ColP Gooch & 
to Coll° Blakeney for six setts of commissions & arms 
more than had been sent me, but I could not obtain them. 
Had they come there had been no difficulty in sending 
away a thousand men from hence, agreeable to what I 
wrote your Grace in mine of 15 July; but your Grace 
will find in my letters the great expectation I had of 
receiving what I had promist the men by proclamation. 
It was impossible for me to have exerted with greater 
diligence & zeal than I did to advance his Majesty's honour 
& service on this occasion ; & in obedience to his Majes- 
ty's royal instructions I took not one step in this affair 
but with the advice of his Majesty's Councill. Altho' I 
made a journey to New Hampshire, & conven'd an Assem- 
bly there, & made provision for transporting one company, 
& I appointed a captain * by the unanimous recommen- 

* Capt. John Eyre. — Eds. 


dation of his Majesty's Councill, yet the same discourage- 
ment prevail'd there as did here, & men would not list 
when they knew their officers could not be under the 
King's commissions, nor they have the King's arms ; & 
there was no perswading the men, neither there nor here, 
to wait for commissions & arms till they should join Lord 
Cathcart at the generall rendezvous. I understand this 
important affair suffer'd for the same reason at Connecti- 
cutt, where the Governour was oblig'd to dismiss five 
hundred, & the Governour of Rhode Island two hundred 
men. I have no doubt, may it please your Grace, when- 
ever there may be a further occasion of this nature, upon 
the sending commissions, arms, & clothing sufficient, that 
the men might depend to receive before their imbarkation, 
I say, I have no doubt but six or eight thousand men 
might be rais'd in N"" America; & this Province alone 
would easily furnish fifteen hundred men, and 1 would 
humbly propose, my Lord Duke, that for the future all 
Acts of Parliament for the better government of his 
Majesty's regular forces might comprehend his Majesty's 
plantations, as acts against mutiny, desertion, k""^, for the 
Assemblies here will not be perswaded to make any such 
acts upon their people, being wholly disus'd to armies or 
regular troops, and without such laws there is no govern- 
ing officers or men when rais'd. 

I have the honour to be, with the most profound duty 
& respect, my Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most devoted, most obedient & most 
humble servant. J. B. 

Boston, October 29t^ 1740. 
(Paterson. Grant.) 



May it please your Grace, — I find by the votes of 
the House of Commons the last session of Parliament that 
the matter of the paper currency is to be laid before the 
Parliament in their next session, & in obedience to his 
Majesty's commands I am preparing the state of the bills 
of c'' now outstanding in this Province & that of New 
Hampshire, which I shall transmit to the Eight Hon^^^ the 
Lords of Trade & Plantations to be laid before the Parlia- 
ment. May it please your Grace ; to put a stop to the great 
fraud & iniquity of paper currency in the plantations will 
not onely show a tender regard to the people here, but 
will be a great support & security to the British trade to 
the plantations, which has labour'd under continuall loss 
& misfortune by the emissions that have been made of 
bills of c^ This I am sure of as to the two govern- 
ments where I have the honour to preside, their bills 
having been issu'd without any solid foundation or fix'd 

As your Grace has the plantations in a more particular 
manner under your care & conduct, I know your Grace 
will be glad to contribute every thing in your power to 
their welfare & prosperity, for which there now seems to 
be a happy juncture by this affair's being brought into 
Parliament. In duty & fidelity to his Majesty, & to his 
people in this Province & that of New Hampshire, I am 
oblig'd to declare to your Grace that unless some speedy 
& effect uall prohibition be made on these (& the neigh- 
bouring colonies) from issuing any more bills of c"" in lieu 
of money, as also on all private companies or combina- 
tions, the plantations & all the British commerce to them 
must be attended with constant loss & ruin. Two private 
companies are now issuing in this Province their bills in 
lieu of money to the value of about one hundred & forty 


thousand pounds ster^, or near eight hundred thousand 
pounds of what is call'd the currency of this Province, of 
which £120,000 is to go out from one of the companies 
without any ascertaining of the value, or making any hon- 
est provision for calling in & paying of the said bills, & yet 
this Legislature cannot be perswaded to make any law 
against such unjust & un warrant* proceedings. I therefore 
would humbly hope your Grace will interpose your great 
power & influence in Parliament for the safety & happi- 
ness of the plantations & of the British commerce to them. 
And may it please your Grace ; I gladly embrace the 
opportunity of writing on this great affair by the bearer, 
Thom^ Hutchinson, Esq"", who has been for several years 
(& is now) a member of the Assembly of this Province & 
a gentleman well understanding in the affairs of his coun- 
trey, & particularly so in the business of the paper cur- 
rency. I therefore humbly pray he may have the great 
honour of paying his duty to your Grace, and of putting 
this into your Grace's hands, and whenever you will 
please to command him to wait on your Grace in the 
matter of the paper currency, or any thing else relat- 
ing to this Province, I think your Grace will get as 
good information and satisfaction from him as from any 
gentleman whatsoever; and as I think M'" Hutchinson 
capable of suggesting such things as may tend to his 
Majesty's honour & interest, & to the welfare of his 
people here, I think it my duty to recommend him to 
your Grace's countenance & favour. I have the honour 
to be with the most profound respect and duty, my 
Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most faithfull, most obed*, & most hum= 
ble serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Octobr 30*^ 1740. 



Sir, — I have already wrote you at large by this con- 
veyance, & am now to ask your favour & best respect to 
the bearer, Thomas Hutchinson Esq'', as one for whom I 
have a great esteem. He has had the best education his 
countrey affords, is an ingenious young gentleman, has 
been for severall years past & is now a member of the 
Generall Assembly of this Province & well understands 
the publick affairs of his countrey, & very particularly the 
nature of the wicked paper currency that has almost 
ruin'd all the plantations, & in this matter (if requir'd) he 
can give the ministers & Parliament good information, & 
they may depend he will do it very justly & honestly. 
He goes an agent to the owners of severall tracts of land 
that by the settlement of the line between this Province 
& New Hampshire will fall out of the jurisdict° of this 
Province, & is therefore to petition his Majesty & to in- 
deavour to regain those lands to this Province as to gov- 
ernment, the property not being affected by the settlement 
of the line, & whatever assistance you give him in this 
affair will be very acceptable to this Province in general, 
& in a particular manner to all the proprietors & grantees 
of the said lands, I wish M*" Hutchinson a good voyage 
& a safe arrivall at London, & I think you will be pleas'd 
with his vertue, his good sense & conversation. I am. 

Your friend & loving brother. 

J. B. 

Boston, Octo 30, 1740. 
(Paterson. Grant.) 



Sir, — This post brings me yours of 31 ult'. I wish 
we may both be wise enough to bring the matter to bear 
for Richard. I can't mention the scoundrel under any 

It would please me much if you could wiredrav\r some 
of Gutts's * actuators into a proper provocation for my 
doing what I have propos'd. I have now advices to 18 
September still stronger & stronger, & I have a letter of 
staler date 16 Aug* sayes, The New Hampshire Lieu* G-ov" 
Dunbar is now become a banJcrupt & so piiblisht in the Gazette 
of yesterday. Perhaps Granada may put in for the Lieu- 
tenancy, & Trinkalo (if he can find cash or C"") for the 
Surveyorship. The dear Whitefield has approv'd himself 
a wise charmer. f Solomon sayes, and with all thy getting 
get understanding. That is, be wise for eternity. I verily 
believe he has been highly honour'd of God with being 
made the instrument of begetting many a poor creature 
anew in Christ Jesus. How vile, how wicked then is the 
hellish scheme you mention ! I answer, I don't suppose 
to rake the infernal pit would produce such dregs for 
wickedness as the authors of these things, & without a 
bitter repentance their dreadfull reward awaits them. 
M"" Hutchinson sail'd last Saturday. God send him a 
good voyage & a safe arrivall. When T see you I may 
have much to say about him & his errand. As he went 
off the wharfe some of the despairing, disappointed said. 
Damn it, he has no need to send his agent now, he knoios all 
is well. If you knew the pains that have been taken & 
the generall interest rais'd thereby for your friend in 
almost every county in England, you would not think it 
strange that he stands, & still more firmly. You may 

* Jotham Odiorne. — Eds. t See note ante, p. 336. 



depend I have not been idle one moment for a twelve 
month past, nor my friends at home. I have made out 
something of an answer by M"" H. to their last Vote, 
which perhaps there mayn't be occasion for, the marrow 
of it being extracted by the order aboard Hall, which you 
shall soon see when it comes, & also that about paper 
currency. At present, I think it will be best to sit as we 
did before (Salisbury & Hampton), and I am much pleas'd 
with your new suggestions about the grand affair of the 
boundaries. Perhaps something may be produc'd agree- 
able to all parties, but then the Gov"" must be consider'd 
for his arrearages. 

Pray do not fail to let me have w* I have demanded, 
because I have another letter from Whitehall urging the 
sending all those things with the utmost dispatch. Let 
no grass then grow to your heels. 

What you heard of Counsellour Belcher & Tomlinson 
was true, onely the former was not so long at the Duke's 
palace in Sussex (three or four dayes), but was receiv'd 
by his Grace in a kind & friendly manner. I own with 
gratitude to God & my friends that I have an uncommon 
interest, & I believe the ministers are generally sensible 
that they have been impos'd upon & deceiv'd with lies, 
forgeries & perjuries. You may depend neither Trinkalo, 
Granada, nor Gypsy ^ return this year, but are to make 
one more onsett at the King's return. It's nowwhisper'd 
that Trinkalo is like to get into the, & perhaps 
before he comes away may make a figure in a Gazette, 
as Sanchot has done. I am alwayes, as I know you 

Yours. J. B. 

Boston, Nov-- 3<i, 1740. 

* Waldo, Wentworth, and Mrs. Shirley. — Eds. 
t Dunbar. — Eds. 



Sir, — I have before me yours of 8*^ instant. The in- 
closed Gazette you'll read, communicate and return. My 
last dose to Sancho set him into a fatal phrenzy. Granada 
will certainly attempt to be his successour in the Lieu- 
tenancy, but Trinkalo, poor wretch, is in no capacity to 
attempt the other. The unum is exhausted, even beyond 
the lowest, lowest farthing. Patience, & things will be 
right. The order for running the Line I have receiv'd 
by Hall, & that about future emissions of paper currency. 
You shall see them as soon as you have sent me what 
now lyes before you, and of absolute necessity to be dis- 
patch t, and I thank you that there shall be no delay till 
they are accomplisht. We must soon see an x\ssembly. 
If you think it probable that concessions may still be come 
into about the Line, it will be best for the Assembly to 
sit as in 1737. 

Cap* Rindge, I see, dy'd very suddenly ; poor man, he 
has had many premonitions of that awfull hour. I wish 
it may be well with him. The loon and ape were too 
cunning for him ; & this, I beleive, his family will see 
more & more to their loss & damage. The clan won't 
presently find such another able gamecock. As you 
observe, the stroke is a fatal one to them. 

You must not lose a moment in sending to or for Nath. 
Gilman, who I think the best man to fill his place. It is 
of great consequence to keep a majority at the board. 
So soon as I know his mind, I will write away ; & you 
must let him know the charge, that he may provide for 
it. He is a man of substance, & it's no great matter to 
him. My letters are now to 19*^ Sepf, and better still. 
Hon^^^ Sir, 

Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Nov'' 10, 1740. 




giR^ — It is a long time since I did myself the honour 
of addressing the Hon^^"" ]\r Onslow. I hope you will 
forgive the freedom I now take, which springs from the 
desire I have to own with gratitude the readiness my 
brother and agent, M"" Partridge, writes you have exprest 
to espouse my interest at a time when I am so violently 
attackt by my enemies. If, Sir, you will let M'' Partridge 
& my son M"" Belcher of the Middle Temple do themselves 
the honour of waiting on you, at such leisure times as 
you may please to tell them, I have no doubt but they 
will soon 'satisfye you that the continuall bickerings of 
my enemies proceed from nothing but their own spleen 
& unreasonable malice. While I have had the honour 
of the King's commissions for this Province and New 
Hampshire, those that have been watching sedulously 
for my halting have never been able to fix any one arti- 
cle out of their many complaints against me, except the 
adjournment of the Assembly of New Hampshire three 
dayes beyond the time set in the King's order, and this 
was of no prejudice to the King's service or to his peo- 
ple. I beg. Sir, you wou'd let me confide in your good- 
ness to hear my agents when they apply e to you, & to 
allow me some small share in your great weight and in- 
fluence with his Majesty, and with his ministers ; so shall 
T, & so will my family, pray for your lasting health 
& honour. I am with great respect & esteem, Hon^'^ 

Your most faithfull and most obedient servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, Novem^ 15, 1740. 

* The Speaker of the House of Commons. — Eds. 

1740.1 TO THE LOKDS OF TEADE. 347 


May it please y^ Lordships, — Herewith comes 
duplicate of mine of 25 of last month. I am now to own 
the honour of your Lordships' of 9*^ July, which came to 
my hands the 2** of this m" by one Cap* Perkins, men- 
tioning the receit of eight of mine to that time, wherein 
your Lordships observe (as in a former) that the generall 
state of paper currency is now before the Parliament, and 
altho' taken up too late the last session, yet you hope 
it will be early resum'd at this next session. I have the 
honour to be in opinion with your Lordships that this is 
an affair of great importance to the trade of the British 
nation, & unless it can be put upon a solid foundation in 
every colony of the British empire in America, the prop- 
erty of his Majesty's subjects trading to the plantations, 
as well as that of the inhabitants, must remain under the 
most precarious circumstances, to the detriment of com- 
merce & to the dishonour of all government. Your 
Lordships will allow me to say that the concern your Lord- 
ships express of bringing this matter into a proper regu- 
lation is a great instance of youj* Lordships' regard to his 
Majesty's honour & service, as well as of your great care 
of his people in these provinces & colonies. In Dec"" last 
I sent your Lordships the state of the paper currency of 
this Province & that of New Hampshire, & now I cover to 
your Lordships the state of it in the Massachusetts from 
that time to this, by which your Lordships will see 
there is outstanding in bills of credit on this Province 
£162,002.19.5 this currency, or £32,400. IL 10 str., 
all which is to be brott in or sunk by the end of the year 
1741, according to the acts & laws by which they were 
emitted. This notwithstanding, my Lords, I have but 
little expectation of the Assemblies complying with the 
ingagements of the gov™^°*, it lying with them to appor- 


tion the tax for bringing in or sinking the outstanding 
bills. It seems therefore absolutely necessary that it be 
done by the British Parliament in all the plantations, and 
as your Lordships are pleas'd to require my sentiments 
which may be the most easy & effectuall manner of 
sinking & discharging all the bills of c"" now outstand- 
ing in this Province & in New Hampshire, I shall in 
obedience to your Lordships' commands consider this affair 
& give you my most mature thoughts upon it. And it is 
another instance of your Lordships' good regard to the 
prosperity of the British trade, & to the ease of the peo- 
ple here, that you are desirous so to conduct the sinking 
of the outstanding bills as that it may be done with the 
least prejudice to the inhabitants, or interruption to the 
commerce of Great Britain. 

In mine of 4 April last, I acquainted your Lordships 
of some schemes (or bubbles) that were going forward 
here for the circulation of paper currency, & in mine of 
25 Oct'' I wrote ihore largely on this head. One of these 
schemes is for emitting about twenty-two thousand 
(£22,000) sterling, redeeuiable by silver or gold in fif- 
teen years; the other is for emitting about one hundred 
and twenty thousand pounds, £120,000, sterling, redeem- 
able by manufactures of the countrey in twenty years, but 
the price of those manufactures are unstated, & left ad 
Ubitum to the directors of this last scheme. The Gov"* and 
Councill were very desirous in the late sessions of the 
Assembly here to make strict inquiry into both these 
schemes, but the projectors of what is calfd the land or 
manufiicture scheme had so much interest in the House 
of Rep^ (a majority of which House it's suppos'd are un- 
dertakers in it) that they would not join in any inquiry 
into either scheme. Notwithstanding this the Gov"" & 
Councill thot themselves oblig'd in duty to his Majestj^, 
and from a just care of his people, to do what lay with 
them to prohibit both companies from proceeding in their 

1740.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 349 

projections ; but the first company, viz*, that of issuing 
bills redeemable in fifteen years by silver, offering to cor- 
rect their scheme by the addition of an unalterable article 
to it obliging themselves to give silver or gold for the bills 
on demand, or to pay any difference of price for the silver 
purchast elsewhere, this so satisfy'd the Gov'' and Coun- 
cill that they think these bills not onely an honour to the 
governm*, but of service to the people as a medium in 
commerce, for they are truly & really equal to gold & 
silver to the possessors, according to the value exprest in 
the bills, and so no further proceeding has been had about 
it ; but as to the other scheme, the Gov'' & Councill look 
on it BO iniquitous and so big with dangerous conse- 
quences to the King's government and to his people, that 
I have issu'd the two inclosed proclamations ^ for the 
better safety & w^elfare of his Majesty's government & 
people, & yet I question whether any thing less than an 
act of Parliament will be sufficient to stop the progress of 
it. I therefore hope your Lordships will take effectuall 
care in the projecting the bill respecting paper currency 
in the plantations that all private companies & combi- 
nations may be included. 

I now send your Lordships the book of laws of this 
Province, which contains all that are now in force in the 
Province, and your Lordships will find in the book tem- 
porary laws, of which some are expired, and some not. 

As to the fortifications of this Province, your Lordships 
will find by my letter of 15 July last, that the Assembly 
have at last made provision (such as it is) for repair of 
the forts on the frontiers (both east and west), but Castle 
William, the main fortress of the Province, is still want- 
ing of considerable repairs and addition, for which the 
Assembly voted a sum of money the last session, but I 
could not consent to it, because they had in the same 
vote taken the effecting of the work into the hands of a 

* See the Boston Weekly News-Letter, Nov. 6 to Nov. 14, 1740. — Ei>s. 


committee of their own, altho' that matter is absolutely 
reserv'd to the King's Gov'' in the royal Charter. I shall 
still urge them to what I judge may be necessary to his 
Majesty's honour & service, & to their own security, and 
shall take care, as your Lordships are pleas'd to suggest, 
to adhere strictly on all occasions to my instructions as 
the rule of my conduct & the justification of my pro- 
ceedings. The 8*^ instant I received by one Cap" Hall 
from their Excellencies, the Lords Justices, an additional 
instruc" for marking out the boundaries between this Prov- 
ince and that of New Hampshire, and I am therein directed 
to communicate the said instruc" to the severall Councills 
and Assemblies of his Majesty's said Provinces. I shall 
carefully do every thing in my power that his Majesty's 
commands in this behalf be executed in the most eifectuall 
and expeditious manner, and as the Assembly of this 
Province meets to-morrow I shall lay this instruction be- 
fore them, as I have already done before his Majesty's 
Councill. By the said Cap* Hall I also receiv'd addi- 
tional instructions from their Excellencies, the Lords 
Justices, respecting the future emissions of paper cur- 
rency in this Province and that of New Hampshire, to 
which I shall conform myself, & also lay the said in- 
structions before the severall Assemblies for their better 
conduct in that matter. 

As anything material occurs & that may affect his 
Majesty's honour & service, or the interest of his people in 
either of my governments, I shall do myself the honour 
to keep your Lordships duly acquainted therewith, and 
am in the meantime, with great respect, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obedient and most humble serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, Nov'' 17, 1740. 

This packet I have been oblig d to open to rectify a 
ke in the sum of t 

(Grant. Skinner.) 

mistake in the sum of the outstanding bills 



May it please y"" Honour, — By some of the last 
ships from England my friends acquaint me that my 
unreasonable enemies are implacable, and their malice 
not to be satiated unless they can accomplish my ruin. 
While I am, Sir, pursuing my duty to his Majesty, in the 
strictest observance of his royal orders, & doing every 
thing here in my power for the King's honour & interest, 
and for the welfare of his people, and they at same 
time not giving me as much as defrayes my annual ex- 
pence, altho' my whole time is ingrost in the affairs of 
the government, hard, I think, is my fate to be thus 
pursu'd by groundless complaints from my restless ene- 
mies. And I cannot but think it unmannerly & rude to 
a degree that they should continue so to teaze and inter- 
rupt his Majesty's ministers. Let me then beg of your 
Honour, as a singular favour, that I may be deliver' d 
from such a malicious persecution by your frowning 
upon my enemies, and that my hands may be strength- 
ned in the government, and my heart ineourag'd, by 
your Honour's assurance to my friends of your favour 
& protection. T have a large family, and laid aside all 
other wayes of life at the time I receiv'd the honour 
of his Majesty's commissions for the two provinces now 
under my care ; and it would be a great severity on me 
and on my children to be remov'd onely to gratify e my 
enemies and such as may be trying to supplant me, and 
gaping to feed their needy, hungry circumstances in 
my destruction. As I am sure your Honour can make 
this thing perfectly easy with a word, let me. Sir, hum- 
bly hope it from you. I have desir'd my brother, M'' 
Partridge, & my son, M"" Belcher (my agents), to pray 
for the honour of delivering this into your hands. I 


am, with the most profound regard and deference, 

Your Honour's most devoted, most faithfull and most 
obedient servant. J. B. 

Boston, Novr 18, 1740. 
(Grant Skinner.) 


My dear Son, — Altho' I have already seal'd up thirty 
letters by this ship (and many of them long ones), yet to 
teach you your duty I make no excuse or delay in answer- 
ing yours of 18*^ October, which I received f Fones 29 
iilt\ It would much rejoyce me to hear Lord Cathcart 
was sail'd with Admiral Ogle. I thank you for inserting 
the paragraph from the Philad^ Gazette in your daily 
Gazetteer. I am sorry my honest zeal in the affair of 
the troops did not so fully succeed to the end as I wisht, 
but the failure was intirely owing to the baulk made in 
not sending commissions and arms, and this wrong step 
might in a great measure happen from what /i/% and 
others gave oxd^ that no troops could he rais\l here. However, 
I did my best, and sent one company more than was ex- 
pected from me. Shirley did all in his little po^yer to 
clog that affair. Poor wretch ! had he been to have con- 
ducted that difficult business, he would not have been 
able to have rais'd fifty men. As to Kilby, I find he is 
like the rest of the N. E. chaps ; he has but little reputa- 
tion here, & I think will soon be recall'd. You did well 
to counterwork him by Coram with M'' H. W. What he 
wrote in discouragement of the expedition was to a mem- 
ber of tlic House of Representatives; his letter was dated 
5 April last. I re'd it, and as near as I can remember, he 
said he hop d not one man in ten ivotdd he for raising ang men, 
or to that purpose. 

I have wrote his Excellency M' Walpole at large, and 


hope he will now drop the matter about that haughty, 
unmannerly man, D ,* for I would really lay my com- 
mission at the King's feet rather than not let him know 
his proper station and distance. 

As to M"" Jer. Allen, I am well pleas'd that you are in 
so good terms together, and that he appears to be really 
the Governour's friend. I have upon this assur'd his 
brother of my influence in his favour, if we live to the 
time. But this must be a secret, or he may lose his 
choice by its being known the Gov'' is friendly in the mat- 
ter. I must say M'' James Allen has acted the gentleman 
at all times in the affair of Lloyd's Exe''^ You may com- 
municate this paragraph to his brother. I will say no 
more as to what has been mention'd to me of distance & 
reservedness.j You are turn'd of thirty, and I hope able 
to conduct yourself in the choice of your acquaintance and 
companions, in which by God Almighty's aid may you 
alwayes manifest your wisdom & good judgement. I say I 
am quite easy in this matter. I thank you for the Annals 
of Europe of 1739, and for Le Strange on Religion. The 
cane strings are very good. 

I wish M'' Hyam may be a true prophet, but I have 
reason to fear otherwise, by what your uncle writes me 
two days after your date, especially as to N. Hampshire. 
I will indeavour not to be wanting to myself by indolence 
or anything else, and when I have done all I can, & my 
friends have kindly and industriously done their part, I 
hope I shall be quiet and content in the event that Provi- 
dence may order. I am of all other things respecting my 
family most of all, Jon% concern'd for you & as my letters 
for about 18 m''' past have been pretty large and particular 
on this head, I need not repeat to you onely that I have 
been a faithfuU father in being honest and open to let 
you know what you are to trust to. I am loth to be 
angry, but where is the affair of Miss H — tf — Id ? and 

* Paul Dudley. — Eds. T See post, p. 508. — Eds. 



where is your annual account ? Don't think I am to be 
turn'd of with the flap of a fox tail. I don't at all forget 
your breach of promise by your delayes. They onely 
aggravate your fault. When you have things to write 
and send that you don't love to do, yet you had better 
let them be done, for I must and will have what I order 
you to do. I am 

Your affectionate father. J. B. 

Boston, Dec 1, 1710. 

(Grant. Skinner.) 


Most honoured & noble Lord, — Altho' I have 
already done myself the honour of addressing your Lord- 
ship by this conveyance in answer to your Lordship's 
commands respecting the heirs of one Thetcher, yet upon 
the arrivall of some ships in a few dayes past from Eng- 
land, I am inform'd by my friends that new efforts were 
making by my restless enemies to get me superseded in 
his Majesty's commission for the government of New 
Hampshire, and that the matter did principally rest with 
your Lordship. I would therefore humbly beg your Lord- 
ship's patience and candour to hear me in an affair that so 
nearly affects my honour & interest, as well as the wel- 
fare of my family. And I would in the first place ask his 
Majesty's forgiveness for any unwitting and unwilling 
mistake I made when the affair of the boundaries between 
this Province and New Hamp was transacting, and I do 
most solemnly avow to your Lordship that I had not the 
least thought or design to do any thing in prejudice to 
his Majesty's honour or interest, or to the hurt of the 
Province of New Hampshire, nor did any such thing hap- 
pen in any measure from any part of my conduct.* Let 

* See Thomlinson's Memorial to the King in Council, printed in the New Hampshire 
Provincial Papers, vol. v. pp. 921-92.5. In this paper Belcher is charged with endeavoring, 
by successive prorogations of the Assembly of New Hampshire, to prevent that Province 


me then hope in your Lordship's goodness for overlooking 
what I so inadvertently fell into. It is the honour of 
Kings to forgive their subjects when they confess their 
faults and humbly ask it, and I know it is not in your 
Lordship's nature to be severe. Let me then intreat 
your Lordship also to pardon me, and to pass by the mis- 
take I made & which prov'd of no ill consequence in any 
respect. I am given to understand that the rest of his 
Majesty's ministers are ready and willing to pass by this 
first & onely fault, & that I may yet stand well with his 
Majesty. Indeed, my Lord, I must pray you to allow me 
to think hard, very hard would the case be to take away 
my bread and to strip me of the honour of the King's 
commission on this occasion. Moreover, may it please 
your Lordship, to have a separate Governour for New 
Hampshire (in case of warr with the Indians or French), 
I will take upon me to say, may prove ruinous to that 
Province, & greatly to the dishonour of his Majesty's gov- 
ernment, as they would be so much expos'd to the ravages 
of the Indian enemy, for by the settlement of the boun- 
daries Mass* have so large a frontier taken of from them, 
and which must now be protected & defended by New 
Hampshire, as will in a manner undo & depopulate that 
Province wherein is but a handfuU of people ; nor would 
they if continued in profound peace be capable in a great 
while to come to subdue & settle the large tract of land 
fallen to them (if his Majesty finally determines it shall 
be theirs), no, not for an age to come. Let my enemies, 
my Lord, who have been so long indeavouring to do me 
all the ill offices in their power, represent things as they 
please, I honestly tell your Lordship the true state of that 
Province & of that poor little handfull of people. Why, 

from appointing agents, within the specified time, to appear before the Commissioners to 
settle the boundary line, and, in a similar manner, to prevent an appeal from their decision. 
Apparently he exceeded his authority, and prorogued the Assembly for a longer time than 
he was authorized to do. His contention was that it was his first fault, and no harm re- 
sulted to New Hampshire. — Eds. 


my Lord, must I be made a trophy to the malice of my 
unreasonable enemies ? for a mistake that did in no point 
affect the King's service ? As for the Repres"^' of New 
Hampshire, they consist of nineteen persons, a majority 
whereof are chosen by the restless indeavours of my 
enemies, and have therefore the opportunity of carrying 
what they please in that little petty Assembly, and this 
notwithstanding, may it please your Lordship, if the peo- 
ple were to be poU'd three in four would pray for the 
continuance of their present Governour. I ask your Lord- 
ship's pardon for the trouble of this, and pray you to let 
my bro, M" Partridge, & my son, M'' Belcher, have the 
honour of putting this into your Lordship's hands, & fur- 
ther to plead for your Lordship's compassion on me, & 
on my family, as to the subject of this letter; so will I 
and so shall my children constantly wish your Lordship's 
long life, wdth good health & lasting honour. I am, 
my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most faithfull, most obed* and most 
hum. serv*. J. B. 

Boston, Decern'' 2, 1740. 
(Grant. Skinner.) 


Sir, — I have wrote so much by this conveyance that 
I'me almost tir'd, as I'me afraid you'll be with reading, 
yet I must pray you & your nephew to read mine of this 
day's date to L** Wilmington very sedately, &, if New 
Ham]5 be not rent from me before it comes to hand, learn 
the most leisure time to be introduc'd to his Lordship that 
you may deliver my letter and further expostulate with 
him, which M"* Belcher can properly and handsomely do 
in behalf of a father, and after he has so done let him 
still follow my Lord with a pungent expostulatory letter 

1740-1.] TO THE LOKDS OF TKADE. 357 

on my account and on his own. I am, I am, brother, 
very loth to lose New Hampshire, & thus I leave the 

You will also deliver my letters of this day's date to 
Duke of Newcastle & Lords of Trade, & do the best in 
your power to get M"" Gilman appointed a Counsellour in 
the place of Cap* Rindge lately deceas'd.^ Gilman is a 
man of good vertue, sense, & estate. He is buying a bill 
of exch* to send you for the charge of his mandamus. 
He is a very substantial thriving man & in considerable 
trade. I intend to recommend him to you for a corre- 
spondent. 'Till his money gets to your hands I will be 
ingag'd for the charge, & pray you to get him appointed 
if possible, as he is my friend. I know there will be op- 
position made, so pray be early and earnest in the matter. 
This is my 34*^ T Grant, & must pin up the basket. I 
am, dear brother. 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, Deer 2, 1740. 

I am now trying to get a township of land of the As- 
sembly for your friends, the Quakers. 

(Grant. Skinner.) 


May IT PLEASE TOUR Lordships, — The Assembly of 
this Province have had a session from 21 Novem. to 9^^ 
instant, in which time they might easily do more than all 
the generall business of the Province for a whole year, 
but they began, went on, & ended the session (according 
to my observation) without any regard to the defence & 
support of his Majesty's government, or to the welfare 
of his people. 

* John Rindge died Nov. 6, 1740. See Wentworth Genealogy, vol. i, p. 320. — Eds. 

358 THE BELCHER PAPERS. " [1740-1. 

They would prepare no bill for supply to the Treasury 
but in such way as was in direct opposition to severall of 
his Majesty's royal instructions. Nor would they raise 
any money to carry his Majesty's instruction respecting 
the line betwixt this Province & New Hampshire into exe- 
cution, altho' I urg'd it upon them once & again, as your 
Lordships will see by what I now inclose. I am soon 
going to New Hampshire, where I shall lay before that 
Assembly his Majesty's orders in this behalf, and upon 
their making provision to defray the charge nothing shall 
be wanting on my part of a punctuall obedience to his 
Majesty's orders. 

Altho' Castle Will"", at the entrance of this harbour, the 
main fortress of the Province, wants additions and repairs, 
which I have been often pressing the Assemblies to make 
provision for, and altho' it is so much for the safety of 
the whole countrey, yet this Assembly would do nothing 
in the matter unless I would consent to their doing it in 
such a way as would be inconsistent with the right & 
authority reserv'd to the Crown in the Royal Charter. 
The 17^^ November last I just hinted to your Lordships 
what this Assembly had done in a former session on this 
head, and I now cover to your Lordships what has past 
since in the same affair. I beleive it is fact that all Gov- 
ernours from the first exercise of this present Charter 
have suffer'd the Assemblies to appoint Committees to 
build and repair the King's forts & fortifications, and so 
I have done myself, till I more thorroly re'd & w^eigh'd 
that clause in the Charter which so particularly respects 
this matter, as in page 11, copy whereof goes herewith. 
What the House of Eepresentatives aim at is to put the 
King's Governour & Captain Generall under the power 
and direction of a committee of their own appointing, for 
they are to buy materials and to see the additions & re- 
pairs effected. If this be the right sense of the Charter 
the King's Governour seems to have nothing to do in the 

1740-1.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 359 

matter but by leave of their committee, for he cannot com- 
mand a shilling of the money. To compare great things 
with small, when the Parliament of Great Britain has 
rais'd and appropriated money for the land or sea service, 
surely no comm*^^ is ever appointed by Parliament for 
buying materials for building forts or ships of warr, but 
the effecting these things is entirely under his Majesty's 
orders & directions. 

When, my Lords, a constitution under the Crown grants 
to the King's people such & such liberties & priviledges & 
reserves certain rights & authorities still to the Crown, 
such constitution must be most safe, and the people ought 
to be most quiet when each party injoyes their own free 
from incroachment, but the people are not alwayes wise 
enough to understand & practice their duty and thereby 
to promote their own happiness. I would pray y"" Lord- 
ships to read with attention all I send on this affair, & 
then to give me your thoughts whether I am not right in 
my construction of this jDart of the Charter, the practice 
heretofore notwithstanding. As to the opinion of his 
Majesty's Councill, there were 17 at the board & it past 
by 9, and this is not to be wondered at, since they are 
very cautious of disobliging the Representatives. I have 
once and again wrote your Lordships of several schemes 
or projections going forward here for emitting large quan- 
tities of paper currency, and there has been no perswad- 
ing the Assemblies to put a stop to them. If some speedy 
care therefore be not taken by the Parliament of Great 
Britain in this article the British trade to these plantations 
must be lost, or, which will be worse, be a continual scene 
of fraud & loss. I now inclose to your Lordships the 
scheme projected for emitting bills call'd Manufactury 
Bills; the deficiencies of it, how big it is with deceit, your 
Lordships will readily discern, & if such things are suf- 
fer'd the King's orders to his severall plantation govern- 
ments will be but of little significancy, for in the way 

360- THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1740-1. 

that this combination are going forward what shall hinder 
them & twenty more such companies from issuing millions 
of pounds in paper currency? 

I doubt not but upon mature deliberation on this mat- 
ter your Lordships will do every thing on your part to 
procure an act of Parliament forbidding on the severest 
penalties all such dangerous attempts, and that the act 
may look back to the destruction of this present daring 
enterprize. As I am sensible your Lordships will be ap- 
ply'd to upon it from hence by a great number of gen- 
tlemen of the best substance, integrity, and honour, I 
shall not give your Lordships any further trouble about it, 
onely to say if some speedy stop be not put to these 
things they will be of more fatal consequence to the 
plantations than the South Sea bubble was in the year 
1720 to Great Britain. 

Your Lordships have commanded my thoughts as to the 
drawing in or sinking what bills of credit are out in this 
Province and in New Hampshire & to come in by taxes, 
which according to the accounts I lately sent your Lord- 
ships is about £162,000 this currency, or £32,400 ster., 
in Massachusetts, & in New Hampshire £12,976. 16. 8, or 
£2585. 7. 2 ster^. The whole of what is out in Massa- 
chusetts must be drawn in by the end of the year 1741, 
and that out in New Hampshire in 1742, and in this 
latter I think there will be no difficulty. The several acts 
by which the bills of New Hampshire hai^e been issu'd hav- 
ing made sufficient provision for calling them in. As to 
what are outstanding in Massachusetts, altho' they ought 
all to be drawn in the next year in conformity to the acts 
by which they were emitted, yet as the acts have left 
the apportioning of the tax for drawing them in to a future 
Assembly I don't expect such Assembly will comply with 
the acts in the apportioning. 

Massachusetts is a populous & rich province, and paid 
a tax of above twenty thousand pounds sterling in one 


year near fifty years agoe, when I suppose they were not 
one third part so large as at this time in people or estate, 
that I should not think it too heavy a thing at this time 
of day for the Massachusetts to pay a tax of £32,000 ster- 
ling the next year, and sink their bills in a just compli- 
ance with their own laws. And how sacredly, my Lords, 
should publick faith be kept ! As to any emissions of 
bills for the future support & defence of the government, 
I hope none will be allow'd but such as shall have a fixt 
unalterable value, and yet such emissions, my Lords, will 
not answer the end, viz', to keep the commerce of G* Bri- 
tain hither & to the neighbouring plantations in an honest 
channel. With deference to y"" Lordships, I think nothing 
will effectually cure the disease the plantations labour 
under in this regard but an act of Parliament either 
wholly to forbid paper currency or to fix it in all the 
plantations at one standard, and why should not that be 
sterling, or are not the children worthy of the same care 
& benefits with the mother? 

I should sooner have wrote your Lordships on all these 
heads but that the severe season for some weeks past has 
made a land of ice from this town into the ocean & blockt 
up all the shipping. 

Your Lordships will forgive the length of this letter, 
and believe me to be, with great respect, my Lords, 
Your Lordships' most obedient & most hum. serv'. 

J. B. 

Boston, Jan"* 14, 1740/1. 

(Skinner. Fones.) 


Sir, — The 23"* currant arriv'd Adams from London, 
by whom I have your favours of Nov"" 6, 22*^, & of 1 & 6*^ 
ult', with what they inclos'd, & owning the receit of mine 
to 30*^ October last, excepting one I wrote you 6 of 



October T Coffin, & its duplicate went T Paterson, & two 
more of 29 & 31 October in co. with J. B. T Paterson, 
both which I hope you had, tho' you don't make par- 
ticuhar mention of them. I thank your care of the seeds 
from Switzer (cost 6. 8. 3). I am sorry we have lost our 
friend Doddington, which shows the uncertainty of human 
affairs. As to the business you sent me in coin and from 
Lord Wilmington, it was done & sent you 10 weeks agoe, 
T Grant, & duplicate of it goes now T Skinner. I am 
sure his Lordship could find no fault in that matter. It 
was not with me to force the heirs to do but when & 
how they pleas'd. 

Since M' Hall first apply'd to you, I wish you could 
serve him. A strong remonstrance against the present 
Judge goes by this conveyance to the Lords of the Ad- 
miralty, which may make a good opportunity for obtain- 
ing JVP Hall's request. And as the present incumbent is 
a man of so vile a character, it will be greatly for the 
King's service to remove him, but more of this in another. 
Sh — r — ly, you say, is appointed Postmaster in the room 
of the late ColP Spotswood. He seems at present not to 
own it, tho' severall letters besides yours mention it. I 
take notice of what ^P Hyam said to ]\P Allen. These 
things notwithstanding, brother, my enemies must be 
watcht, for I know there are still great plottings & con- 
trivances to remove me, if possible, & even by Sh — r — ly 
himself. Waldo & all his adherents, and this latter is an 
inveterately malicious creature, will be restless and inde- 
fatigable till he comes aw^ay. It is strange the ministry 
will be so teaz'd and plagu'd with every ill-natur'd fellow 
that conceives a prejudice at a Governour. Why won't 
they see thro' their spight & malice, & bid 'em be quiet ? 

I heartily wish M"" Sam^ Sherburne may fill up the 
vacancy in the Councill of New Hampshire made by the 
death of W Dennett. For what reason does the King 
give his Governour the instructions I sent you as to the 


appointment of Counsellours at New Hampshire, if no 
regard is to be had to them ? I am sure Rymes is by no 
means qualify'd according to the King's 8*^ instruction. 

I observe the Quakers had made another very strong 
apphcation in my favour to Duke of Newcastle. They 
are certainly a most gratefull sett of men, & M'^ Allen, I 
see, had made a strong interest with the Dissenting min- 
isters for the Gov""'^ better establishment. Please to give 
him my kind thanks, and tell him I shall be ready to 
serve him when it may fall in my power, and should 
write him by this conveyance, but that I understand he 
comes away with the first spring ship. I can't help say- 
ing again that Waldo is a most violent, malicious fellow ; 
but curst cows, brother, they say, have short horns ; and 
this it's said is his case. By being greatly in debt at 
London, as well as here, which must make him very strait 
of money, he is, indeed, in a fair way to be wholly ruined. 
Several executions were taken out of our Court the last 
week and serv'd upon his estate in town, and on a piece 
of land he has at Dorchester. Read the inclosed, seal, 
& deliver it to Cap*' Coram. 

As to Leheup I mov'd the thing to some of my friends 
in the late session of Assembly here, but nothing was 
done, so I shall say no more about it till I hear further 
from you. Your letter to M'' Kinsey of Philadelphia will 
go by the first post. I congratulate you upon your being 
appointed Agent for the opulent colony of Pensilvania. 
I take a particular notice of all you say about what is 
call'd here the Land Bank^ & am heartily sorry you ap- 
pear'd so much in favour of a thing so full of fraud & of 
all other mischiefs that the nature of it will admit of. 
Surely you never enter'd into the merits of this vile com- 
bination, or it had been impossible for you to have done 
the least thing that should look like favouring it. No, 
you are too honest a man. As to what you mention of 
the Province's beino; distrest for want of a medium of 

364 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1740-1. 

trade, better far to have nothing than a bad thmg, espe- 
cially so deceitfull & wicked an one as this is. Unless a 
paper currency can be fixt to an unalterable standard, to 
be the same to-day, to-morrow, & so on, all men that are 
creditors with the world must be continually defrauded & 
cheated out of their estates ; & such has been the prac- 
tice of most of the governments on the continent for 
above twenty years past, and the Massachusetts (I am 
sure) has been guilty on this head in a most flagrant de- 
gree. I heartily wish for an effectual act of Parliament 
to regulate the paper currency in all the King's colonies 
& provinces in America, & to make an absolute prohibi- 
tion of any to be emitted for the future in a publick or 
private manner but such as are ascertain'd at an invari- 
able value ; and you will allow me to desire you to be 
very cautious in appearing in these things, because a man 
can't readily see what unkind things may be the conse- 
quence of such his appearing. I am very sure you have 
not serv'd yourself in this Province on this account. All 
that are concerned in this fraudulent scheme, I beleive, 
will bring ruin on themselves, & bitterly repent when too 
late ; but so many better heads & hands than mine so 
fully represent this matter to his Majesty & to the gov- 
ernment at home that I rest it with them. 

I was in hopes by your last letters (before these by 
Adams) to have heard no more of M"" Sharp's bill in de- 
fending the Massachusetts* when taxt with bribery ; but 
now you say M' Wilks has not paid it, for want of money 
of theirs to do it. That can be no manner of reason why 
any one should think I ought to pay it ; and it would be 
the cruellest thing in the world to expect it from me. 
If M"" Wilks is not in cash M' Sharpe must wait patiently 
till he has a remittance. I am sure it would be an un- 
reasonable thing for him to desire me to pay it, and 
would be more than I ever made in two years of the 
government of New Hampshire. 


I thank you for copy of the new complaint preferr'd by 
Tomlinson in behalf of Gulston & others to the Lords 
Committee of Coimcill, which has been heard by their 
Lord% and referr'd back to the Lords of Trade, who I 
beleive will readily say it's conformable to the terms of 
their former reports, so that I don't take it, as you do, 
throwing cold water on the thing. No, I am really afraid the 
Lords of the Privy Councill will upon the return report 
to the King in favour of a separate Governour for New 
Hampshire ; & yet perhaps the great interest of the 
Quakers, together with the Dissenting clergy, may be 
too hard for my stubborn enemies at last. If things 
should not be given over before this gets to you, I think 
you should insist that I be serv'd with copy of this new 
complaint, and the Assembly's vote, to make answer; 
for let 'em cover & cloak the matter as they please, it's 
plain if they succeed I must be stript of my commission. 

I fear the Assembly of this Province will think your 
charging a salary of £100 sterling a year for your share 
onely of attending on the affair of the Line vastly too 
much, since they know you have not so much for your 
whole agency of Jersey & Rhode Island, & Wilks has not 
£30 ster^ a year for the whole agency of Connecticut, 
but when they have seen your account you will doubt- 
less hear from them. 

I have brother in many of my late letters wrote you 
largely & with much concern about M'' Belcher at the 
Temple, and have once & again desir'd your particular 
answer to such paragraphs of my letters, & I am sorry 
you have not comply'd with my request. I pray you to 
oblige me with your opinion on all I have wrote about 
him. I neither must nor will flatter him. He must find 
a way, at one & thirty, to stand on his own legs, or will 
fall down, for I am not able (nor should I be just if I was 
able) to go on doing as for ten years past ; but I repeat 
that I really am not able to do it with any tolerable 

366 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1740-1. 

comfort to myself or to my flimily. Keep nothing of this 
kind from him, but let him read what I write. As to the 
£64. 17. sterling due on Coir Blakeney's last bill, the 
whole bill must be paid as well as the others, or at least 
so much as I have mention'd, and I doubt not but what 
it will ; if not, Coll° Blakeney will be oblig'd to pay it. 
I remain with very kind respects, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, Janu^ 26, 1740/1. 

I leave M' Belcher's without a seal for you so to 
deliver him after you have re'd it. 

(Skinner. Fones.) 


My dear Son, — I have already wrote you of three 
several dates by this conveyance & pretty largely. The 
23*^ currant Adams arriv'd & brought me yours of 4^^ of 
last month, by which I see Thomlinson & Wentworth have 
renew'd their application for a separate Governour for 
New Hampshire, of which your good uncle also writes 
me, & sends copy of their petition, & tells me it has had 
a hearing before the Lords Committee of Council. The 
vote of the Assembly which you mention of 1 Aug* I sent 
to your uncle and you about 10 weeks agoe, with my re- 
marks upon it, which will the better inable you to pre- 
pare what you intended for Sir Charles Wager for him to 
communicate to the ministry. I like vour thouorht well 
& hope you have pursu'd it, and that you have desir'd 
a regular copy for me to make answer, which is my un- 
doubted right, as there are fresh charges in this complaint, 
and which I can easily answer if I may have the opportu- 
nity ; & such opportunities (or delaying the enemy) are 
gaining time & good for me. I am much oblig'd to the 
whole body of Quakers for their steadiness and for the 

1740-1.] TO JONATHAN BELCHER, JR. 367 

instance of it in the late address of those from Sussex to 
Duke of Newcastle. I take notice you mention his Grace 
once & again ; pray is he becoming my friend ? 

I very particularly observe M'' Jer. Allen's turn of 
thought for my service & interest, & you seem to think I 
may depend upon his friendship as real & sincere. You 
will therefore give him my thanks & kind respects, & I 
shall be very ready to return his good offices when it may 
fall in my way. The body of Dissenters must be a very 
powerfull interest, and I find D'' Avery at the head of the 
deputation of Dissenters has been prevaild on to apply to 
the ministry for my continuance, and that he had been 
with Duke of Newcastle, and would see Sir Eobert on 
this account. D' Colman has M'' Allen's letter, and will 
make the best use of it he can, tho' there will be difficulty, 
the ministers here not being all so friendly as I am sure 
I deserve from them, & they often mention among them- 
selves your silly mad conformity, and think I had a hand 
in it, & indeed how can they think you would have dar'd 
to do such a thing without my knowledge & leave ? Oh, 
Jon% repent & come off, and as soon as may be. You 
may plainly see how much you have hurt yourself, and 
what a tendency it has had to ruin my interest. This folly 
of yours has put the clock back with me & with you more 
than your young head can imagine ; but to return, I again 
thank M'" Allen for his zealous & indefatigable pains in 
bringing D" Avery & M' Chandler with several other emi- 
nent Dissenters into my interest, and you must make a 
visit on purpose to those gentlemen, & give them my 
hearty thanks & most humble service for their kind ap- 
pearance at this juncture. I would write M"" Allen in 
answ^er to his to me, but that I am told he comes home 
in the first spring ship. 

I am surpriz'd, Jon% that I have not receiv'd your last 
year's account to 28*'' August past. If you keep it daily 
& honestly (as you ought) it will be alwayes ready for 

368 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1740-1. 

transcribing, which may be done by a good clerk in two 
dayes time. Why then is it not alwayes seal'd up within 
a week after the year expires & it is due to me ? You 
may depend, tliere is no dodging or evading ivith me. No, you 
must be punctuall in your obedience to what I require ; & 
your delayes in such things justly provoke me, and really, 
Sir, beleive it, if I cannot have the account of the expence 
of my money, I will stop my hand from letting it go. 

I shall soon make answer to Cap'' Coram's kind letter 
to you about Turner, and let him see that the gentleman 
whom he met with had been greatly impos'd upon. When 
I was at New Hampshire in Aug* last I was told that at a 
convention of the ctiti clergy there in June or July they 
had made out a strong complaint against the Governour 
for not going to ctiti nor favouring it, and had addrest 
it to the Bishop of Salisbury. This you may find out by 
M'' Newman, who has access to all the Bishops. Surely 
the Dissenters ought to know this, and had it not been 
for what is now in motion I should not have mention'd it. 

Why have you not, Jon% sent me the acco* of my cloath- 
ing that I might send you a bill for its payment ? You 
are grown quite neglig* in things I commit to your care. 
Your loving father. J. B. 

Boston, Jan 27, 1740/1. 
(Skinner. Fones.) 


May it please your Lordships, — As I am his 
Majesty's Governour of this Province, and whom he is 
pleas'd to stile the representative of his royal person 
here, a great number of the merchants & gentlemen of 
the best substance have been applying to me on a very 
extraordinary occasion, viz*, on that which is call'd here 
the Land Bank, or a scheme for emitting bills to the value 
of six hundred thousand pounds of the common paper 


currency of this Province, but as they have fully instructed 
their friends at home in the nature of this thing, I shall 
not trouble your Lordships with descending into it any 
more than to say I heartily join with them in earnestly 
desiring a speedy stop may be put to it by an act of 
Parliament, for I don't beleive any less authority will do 
it; and if it be not done I think it w^ill end in the total 
subversion of this government and the ruin of the coun- 
trey. The body of merchants have desir'd me to cover 
the inclosed to your Lordships, by which you will see the 
Deputy Judge of the Vice Admiralty here is one of the 
principal actors & promoters of this wicked projection. I 
doubt not but your Lordships will be appriz'd of the 
steps taken by the government here with respect to offi- 
cers, civil & military, that are concerned in this matter, 
all of whom that have been inquir'd into and persist to 
be still incouragers of it have been dismist from their sev- 
eral offices & posts ; and the government are determin'd 
to go on steadily in doing all in their power for suppress- 
ing this mischievous undertaking. I therefore think my- 
self bound in duty to his Majesty, and from a just care & 
regard to his good subjects of this Province, to represent 
Kob* Auchmuty, Esq'', as one that has forfeited your 
Lordships' favour in persisting to encourage to his ut- 
most an affair so destructive to all good order & to the 
liberties & properties of the King's subjects, & I therefore 
hope your Lordships will judge it for his Majesty's honour 
& service that he be immediately remov'd from his post of 
Deputy Judge of the Vice Admiralty here, & that some 
other person be appointed in his room. 

I have the honour to be with all possible respect, my 

Y'' Lordships' most faithfull & most obedient humble 
serv*. J. B. 

Boston, January 27, 1740/1. 

(Skinner. Fones.) Again Ocf 26, 1741 W Prince. & 

again to care of M"^ H. Frankland. 

370 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1740-1. 


May IT PLEASE YOUR Lordships, — I have by this 
conveyance forwarded to your Lordships a complaint 
against M"" Auchmuty, Judge of the Vice Admiralty in 
this & two other of the neighbouring provinces, on con- 
sideration whereof I beleive your Lordships will judge 
him unworthy of sustaining the said post any longer ; 
and I beleive there will be a further complaint exhibited 
to your Lordships by Ellis Huske, Esq'", the Naval Officer 
of New Hampshire ag* the said Auchmuty, for his un- 
faithfulness in not discharging his trust upon the seizure 
of a ship, and information thereof, brott before him about 
sixteen months agoe. These things, I doubt not, will 
have their just weight with your Lordships. I would also 
acquaint your Lordships that this gentleman is a constant 
practising attorney in all the King's Courts here, so that 
when any thing comes before him in judgement in the 
Court of Admiralty where his clients are concerned, he 
is under strong temptations to be in their favour, to his 
Majesty's dishonour & damage, & to the great discourage- 
ment of his Majesty's officers of the Customs, & should he 
not so act he must lose a great number of fjit clients, who 
are of much more value to him than his post of Judge of 
the Vice Admiralty. 

In case your Lordships should determine to dismiss M"" 
Auchmuty, I would ask leave to nominate to your Lord- 
ships Hugh Hall, Esq"", of this town, to succeed him. He 
is a gentleman of good integrity & capacity, of a liberal 
education, & of a plentifull fortune, & I think well 
qualify'd to sustain the post. His father was formerly 
Judge of the Vice Admiralty in SBs for several years, & 
this genf^ was his deputy, & I should esteem it a mark 
of your Lordships' respect that M'" Hall might receive the 

1740-1.] TO KICHARD WALDRON. 371 

honour of your Lordships' favour in this matter. I am 
with great regard, my Lords, 

Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, January 31, 1740/1. 

(Skinner. Fones.) Again Ocf 26, 1741, ¥ Prince. 


HoN^'''' Sir, — I duly receiv'd yours of 22^ January with 
the account of your convening the Councill according to 
my order & of their advising to call an Assembly the 12*^ 
instant, when I intended to meet them, but the post tells 
me the roads are so drifted with the late uncommon 
snows that horses cannot pass. The post mist his turn 
the week before last, and tells me he was now forc'd to 
come the greatest part of the way with snow-shoes. The 
case being thus, when the Assembly are met let the Secry 
& Cap* Huske swear them, and before they enter on any 
business adjourn them to Friday, 20'^ instant at 4 o'clock 
in the afternoon. You are also to lay before the Coun- 
cill a proclamation I have sent the Secry for their advice 
upon it. I am, Sir, 

Your ready friend. J. B. 

Boston, Febru^ 9*^, 1740/1. 


Sir, — The 7*^ instant (late in the evening) the post 
got hither and brought me yours of 30*^ January, & tells 
me the roads are so drifted with the late great snows that 
no horse can pass, but that he was oblig'd to come the 
greatest part of the way with snow-shoes, and must so 
return. You have therefore my order to the Presid* for 
adjourning the Assembly to Friday, 20*^ instant, at 4 

372 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1740-1. 

o'clock in the afternoon. It is not likely the roads will 
be passable before that time, if tlien, but perhaps there 
must be another adjournment. Least the Presid*'' age 
and infirmities should prevent his coming to Portsm*^, in- 
closed is an order to yourself to do the business, & I have 
as mnch power to order you, or any other gent"" of the 
Council} to adjourn the Assembly as to order the Presid' 
to do it, & when I have been indispos'd, or any thing ex- 
traordinary has hapn'd at the day of an Assembly's meet- 
ing here, I have order'd the Secry to adjourn them ; & 
when you go down to the House & read the order (after 
they are sworn) & do the business it will be over, & then 
you may go to Councill & do the same. 

As to Yorkshire's petition, I pretty much agree with 
you that the subject is in a manner exhausted. My 
friends have before them the memoriall of the 6 Counsel- 
lours & what you drew by way of answer to the bill of 
exclusion, and they will do the best they can, with which 
I must be content. The petitioner has so workt himself 
into the trood o-races of L*^ W — Im — no; — n and Bl — d — n 
that I can hardly hope for the colour of justice. Other- 
wise what I did in the tinker's affair was exactly right, & 
he has pretty honestly declar'd the matter. 

What the solemn instrument of 10*^ July, 1740, may 
be I can't say, but am apt to think the clan have oblig'd 
themselves in the strongest manner they can to make 
good a certain large salary to a successour. I don't 
well understand what you mean of iwj not coming to New 
Hampshire for so long a time, which is not yet six months. 
I am pretty easy that you have not thotit worth while to 
remark more than you have on the things I sent you, 
because I agree with you that the odds is ten to one in 
favour of the clan. The matter has been so long pending 
as I think has prepar'd me to submit to the event, and 
don't you think I have held it a long time on hard 
terms ? 

1740-1.] TO RICHARD WALDRON. 373 

Trinkalo's learned is (by my letters and his own) suc- 
cessoLir to ColP Spotswood as Postmaster General of N"" 
America, a great thing for a quondam insolvent attorney. 

I hear Sancho, Trinkalo & Granada are all at odds. 
The first ^ is sadly in the suds here, a martgage on his 
estate in town, on which is due near £7000, being lately 
put on record, & executions extended, about a month 
agoe, on other parts of his estate for upwards £2000 
more, & the expences o' t'other side made up into this 
currency wall cut deep. Perhaps these things may give 
him a solitary time of repentance when too late. 

As to your Assembly, if you can think of any thing 
more to be said than what relates to the two instructions 
to be laid before them hint to me. For my part, rebus sic 
stantibus, I think least said is soonest mended. Eampant, 
no doubt, they will be. The malfadure seems to have be- 
come such course stuff e that beggars will hardly wear it, 
and yet the painter t talks of going home in the first 
ship to trye if he can procure colours to give it a better 
gloss ; but according to the present view it must be ruin, 
double ruin, to all concern'd in it; and, as you observe, 
what a wretched exch* have the poor obstinate men 
made of places of proffit & honour to be stigmatiz'd to 
posterity as the projectors of such a scene of fraud & 

"What reason had you to say. Where does your Excell^ 
propose to lodge? I have no tho'ts of changing. 

I thank you for the account you gave me of the fruit 
of the journeys your way of those two eminent servants 
of Christ, Whitfield & Tennent. Few such men have ap- 
pear'd since the days of the great Apostle of the Gentiles. 

* This is probably a mistake of Governor Belcher's clerk. The reference is to the finan- 
cial embarrassments of Samuel Waldo (Trinkalo). See an execution in favor of Samuel 
Rhodes, recorded in Suffolk Deeds, lib. 61, fol. 17, and a mortgage to Cornelius Waldo, in 
same, fol. 26. — Eds. 

t Robert Auchmuty. The reference is to the Land Bank, of which Auchmuty was a 
principal promoter. — Eds. 

374 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1740-1. 

God is giving them seals of their ministry from day to 
day. I suppose this town with many others can hardly 
tell the time of such a generall rousing from dreadfull 
lethargy. The dry bones are making a continual rat- 
ling. God is clothing them with flesh, sinews, and skin, 
and is breathing upon the slahi that they may live, and 
it looks as if they would soon form a large army. God 
grant it may be so, for his son Christ Jesus's sake. 

It is not at all unlikely but that the storm may break 
out in the West Indies. France, I beleive, will hardly 
declare warr at home; but how is it possible for our fleet 
& forces to avoid doing it from the mouths of their can- 
non, when they get to Carthagene, and when a French 
warr shall be no more doubtfuU ? To be grave, what will 
become of your Province and the poor people under a 
separate Governour ? I think the tax for the next year 
must be upwards 5 & the year after £7000. This with 
paying the charge of the Line, a great salary to my suc- 
cessour, & other large unavoidables must be a gloomy 
scene for the prospect of all wise, thinking persons ; nor 
will the game pay for the candle, if the great slice from 
Massachusetts should be finally adjudg'd to New Hamp- 
shire, for where are the people & money to defend & 
settle such a vast wilderness ? What a dreadfull condi- 
tion are you then like to be brought into from the malice 
of unreasonable men ! As to myself, I do upon the most 
mature deliberation think it must be most for my com- 
fort & proffit to be quit. 

Inclosed is the proclamation issu'd here for a Fast, 
which I would have on the same day in New Hampshire. 
I have sign'da blank for you to fill up, & you'll doubtless 
draw it much in the same terms, mutatis mutandis. This 
stormy day gives me a little leisure, & has led me into 
this tedious letter, which you'll forgive, from, hon^^^ & 
d-^ Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

1741.] TO EICHARD WALDRON". 375 

My best regards wait on M""' Waldron. How does poor 
Tommy's foot do ? 

Boston, Febru^ 9*^, 1740/1. 



HoN^^^ Sir, — ■ I have yours of 17*^ currant, with Bry- 
ant's journal, plan, & account, to which I cannot answer 
till you send me copy of his agreement.* I am sensible 
he had a difficult task, & so we supposed at the beginning, 
yet I am not convinc'd he could not proceed ; but over- 
taking the White Hills so quick, & the fear of getting 
into an Indian countrey, I beleive was discouraging. We 
had better have agreed at so much certain & made it, No 
purchase no pay (as with Hazzen).t It will show a poor 
face at home to send an account of the work not half 
done, nor will it be satisfactory to say, no English eye will 
ever behold the monuments. Inclosed is Mitchel's to me 
and my answer. $ A Councill must be call'd to pass & 
pay his account, & let him finish the bends of the river as 
he proposes. Our Line cash, I think, stands thus: 


300. 0. 




24. 5.0) 
15. 15. V 

20. 4.0J 

60. 4. 



is £480. 17. 

If I am wrong correct me ; if not, there will be left 
£19. 3. to compleat the remaining 53 miles of the 

* Walter Biyant was employed to survey and mark the boundary line between New 
Hampshire and the Count}' of York. — Eds. 

t Richard Hazzen was the surveyor to run and mark the west line from a point three 
miles north of Pawtucket Falls. — Eds. 

J Georp;e Mitchell was the surveyor to run and mark the curve line, so called. — Eds. 

376 THE BELCnER PAPERS. [1741. 

northern boundary und the curve line from Black Rocks 
to Pawtucket, which may cost 3 to £400. Thus, I think, 
stands the matter, which is a touchy waspish business, & 
to prevent another cruel, unjust censure things must be 
made to appear very plain. Send me therefore in a 
small volunin, authenticated with certificate under the 
seal annext, every step taken in the affair of the Line 
when I was last with you, as all things in my speeches, 
messages. House's answers, & the several transactions in 
Councill. In these things be particular & critical. Let 
me have an original by return of the post, because a 
good conveyance offers from hence to London, in 8 or 10 
days at furthest ; the duplicate may follow as soon as 
you can. I suppose the northern continent of America 
w^as never before in such silence, considering the great 
affairs now passing in the world. I look back on my last 
journey to New Hampshire with great gratitude to God. 
I often thot of poor Ovid, 

Jam jam tacturus sydera summa coeli 
Jam jam tacturus Tartara nigra putes, 

and of S' Paul, In perils of waters, in perils of dread- 
full roads, in weariness & painfulness, in cold, &''^ I 
do assure you, the commission at three score years 
would be no inducement to me to perform such an- 
other exploit. No, I long to be at ease, but for the 
little time that it must be otherwise I shall indeavour 
to discharge my duty to my royal master with fidelity 
& honour, altlio' the vulgar, ignorant people of New 
Hampshire (which may in every place alwayes be com- 
puted at 19-20^''') have been deluded & misled. Yet I 
really pity 'em. Could the innocent be separated from 
the nocent, some smart, severe things might prove a 
profitable instruc" to the rising generation among you. 
I am sure 1 am not arrogant while I say the eyes of the 
people have been bemisted & veil'd against the day of 
their peace. God forgive the wicked instruments, who 

1741.] TO THE LORDS OF TRADE. 377 

have been diligent for 10 years past in doing all the mis- 
chief and confusion in their power. As to their ill nature 
practiced at me I do sincerely & heartily forgive them. 
Amen. Being at a little leisure has produc'd this letter, 
which perhaps you mayn't approve. I am, in great 
truth, Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, April 20, 1741. 


May it please your Lordships, — I wrote you yes- 
terday, to which I humbly ask your reference, and that 
you would give me leave to lay before you a difficulty 
arisen upon the construction of his Majesty's judgement 
respecting the boundaries betwixt this Province and that 
of N. Hampshire, viz*, on the following words, '^ That the 
northern boundaries of the said Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay are, and be, a similar curve line pursuing the course 
of Merrimack River, at three miles distance, on the north 
side thereof, beginning at the Atlantick Ocean, and end- 
ing at a point due north of a place in the plan return'd 
by the said Commiss'"^ calfd Pau tucket Falls, & a strait 
line drawn from thence due ivest cross the said river till it meets 
with his Majesty's other governments!' Your Lordships will 
please to observe that it is call'd the northern boundaries of 
the Massachusetts, but not the southern of New Hampshire, 
nor the divisional line between the two provinces. From 
this the people of both Provinces say, the lands from the 
northern boundary of Massachusetts till they meet the 
southern bounds of New^ Hampshire, and so further west- 
ward, are not under any jurisdiction or government, nor 
can the lands already granted between those lines be 
granted for the incouragement of new setlers. If the 
matter therefore remains thus it may soon produce dis- 



orders & confusions among the King's subjects now setled 
upon some parts of those lands who look upon themselves 
in a state of anarchy. As his Majesty's order, which was 
the foundation for the commission of making the late set- 
tlement of the boundaries, declar'd the matter was not to 
affect property but jurisdiction onely, I should be glad to 
know his Majesty's pleasure as to the jurisdiction of all 
those lands, and as to the grant of such of them as have 
not already been granted either by the government of 
the Massachusetts Bay or that of New Hampshire ; I 
mean whether they are to be annext to either province, 
or still to remain by themselves for his Majesty's further 

This difficulty, my Lords, seems to spring with the 
more force from the very different w^ording of the judg-j 
ment from that of the other boundary, where it is saidj 
" And as to the northern boundary between the mid lorox 
inces, the Court resolve and determine that the dividing Une\ 
shall pass," (fe"^*, and again that " the dividing line shall pari 
the Isles of Shoals," &^% and that '^ the s^ luesterlg parti 
of said islands shall lije & he accounted jpart of the Province] 
of NeiD Hampshire and that the n"* easterly part thereof shall lye\ 
dc be accounted part of the Province of the Massachusetts Bag,'*^ 
&*'^ I humbly pray of your Lordships that I may be set 
right in this matter by his Majesty's royal explanation, 
to which I shall dutifully conform myself, so far as it may 
concern me. 

I have the honour to be with much respect, my 

Your Lordships' most obedient & most humble serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 7, 1741. 

(Vaughan. Hall.) 



Sir, — I have now lying before me your kind letters of 
January 14, Febru^ 3, 21, 26, & March 3*^ came to hand 
T Smith via Leverpool, New York, & T Darby. I see 
you could not get S. Sherburne appointed for the Council 
of N^w Hampshire, but that C. Ehymes (brother in law 
to Sherburne) was appointed (who is lately dead);* and 
E. Wibird, I see, was like to be appointed another Coun- 
sellour, not N. Oilman. I thank all your labour & care 
in the matter, and think it cruel & unjust that I should 
have the King's commands for recommending gentlemen 
to fill vacancies, and be intrusted with the King's com- 
mission for the King's government, and at same time so 
much confidence to be repos'd in my enemies as that their 
recommendations should take place in preference to that 
of his Majesty's Governour, & the Council of course to be 
filled up with the Governour's enemies. How much con- 
fusion this must make & dishonour to the King's govern- 
ment, I would be glad you could perswade Duke of 
Newcastle and Lord Wilmington to consider, that I may 
be made easy by a just regard to my nominations as 
vacancies happen for the future. 

I thank you for copy of the last report of Lords of 
Trade about a separate Gov"" for New Hamp., which, I 
see, was sent you by your desire. That matter has been 
so often canvast, and so particularly ans^, that I know not 
what more can be said upon it. Isn't it strange they 
should listen to Wentworth as one of the petitioners, who 
they know has been trying a long time to succeed me in 
the governm* of that province ? M"" Belcher talkt very 
well upon it at the Board of Trade, & since you are serv'd 

* Christopher Rymes married Dorothy Sherburne, and died April 3, 1741. See Went- 
worth Genealogy, vol, i. p. 184. — Eds. 


Avitli copy he must appear, and make the best opposition 
he can at the Privy Council. Altho' the Board of Trade 
seem to shut their eyes & pin themselves down by the 
sudden report they originally made on this head, the 
Lords of the Privy Council have never yet given any 
such judgment, and perhaps may be prevail'd with not to 
do it, and to prevent it. S'" R., the Duke & L'^ President 
must be closely follow'd, the first especially, who said he 
would finally save me as to New Hampshire. He can 
stop the matter when, where, and how he pleases. 
Methinks they might easily see the complainers have 
nothing so much in view as to gratifye their own malice. 
I therefore wonder the King's ministers don't frown upon 
'em, and bid 'em, begone about their business & not teaze 
them any more. 

I am thankfull that you will still be vigilant, and since 
you write so strongly, I shall not regard the lyes of my 
adversaries. I take a very particular notice of all that 
past when you waited upon the great man. If he holds 
steady and firm, we ha'n't much to fear. I am daily 
expecting the King's orders about what is call'd here the 
Land Bank. I don't well understand the bill that has 
been re'd in Parliament about it ; but if something be not 
speedily done effectually to destroye it, it will bring on 
vast confusion in this province. If you would open your 
eyes, and see the fraud & wickedness of it, you couldn't 
have a favourable thought about it. I see you had intro- 
duced M' Hutchinson to Lord Chief Justice Wills, as M' 
Wilks had to Lord President, and that there was a pros- 
pect of success in what he went about. He is a fine 
young gentleman, and a great honour to his country. 
Pray give him my kind respects, and tell him I can't 
possibly answer his letters 'till Hall goes. I am glad ColP 
Blakeney's last bill, of 64. 17. 0, was paid, and I hope his 
agent, Ca])t" Wilson, will make good to you the <£10 mis- 
take, of which I advis'd in one of my last. I have very 


handsome letters from M'' Allen f Smith, which I expect 
to ans'' ore tenus in a few days. 

In yours of 26 Febru* you make very particular men- 
tion of my letters to 2^ December, as their dates & by 
whom receiv'd ] this method I much approve of. I 
rejoyce to hear Lord President was growing better, 
and that he was pleas'd with what I did for him in the 
affair of Thecher's heirs. I am afraid it will be difficult 
to get the guardians to be bound for the minors when 
they come of age, but according to the law of this prov- 
ince I think a discharge from the guardians will be safe 
for his Lordship. Let this be as it will, I shall strictly 
pursue his Lordship's further commands in this matter, 
when he pleases to honour me with them. I take notice 
of the free conversation he enter'd into with you on my 
affairs, and am glad he excus'd himself and seems now to 
be my friend. 

As to the expedition, when I had issu'd my proclama- 
tions in exact conformity to the King's instructions, and 
the Secry of State's letters promism(/ the King's commissions 
to he sent me for all the officers, & arms for all the men; when 
these fail'd how could it be expected in honour & justice, 
or in any way, that more companies should have pro- 
ceeded than commissions and arms came for, which was 
onely four, tho I did with much perswasion get one com- 
pany to go without ? 

You say now, the promise they seem to relye upon 
about New Hampshire was from the Duke. This I ques- 
tion, however ; if it was, you think you have made inter- 
est sufficient with the Duke to divert it. Sir John 
Gonson, who is greatly in the good graces of the Duke 
and of his brother, the Hon^^^ Henry Pelham, writes me 
he'll imploye all his good offices with them, whenever you 
desire it in my favour; and by other wayes you may 
come at them ; so I hope in a little time all will be safe 
in both provinces. Fie trye what answer can be made 


to the report of Board o£ Trade, but at present I don't 
know what more can be said than has been. I am very 
sensible, brother, it has been the interest of your Friends 
that has given the late fine turn to my affairs, and you 
may assure them that I will serve their Friends here on 
all occasions, in anything they can justly or reasonably 
desire of me. 

Kilby is an illnatur'd, malicious, ignorant fellow, to 
whom I have never given the least reason for acting as 
he does. Waldo still exceeds him in pride and malice, 
and must be watcht. His living in the consumption of 
sterling money, I beleive, will be ruinous to him in the 
end. I am told he is greatly indebted at London, and I 
know he is here, and I beleive he will in a little time be 
out of breath and sneak away, if those he is ingag'd to 
will let him. I thank your hint about Sir R., who I find 
obtain'd a compleat victory. The Parliament's rising 
without doing anything about the paper currency of the 
plantations will make great distress among the people 
here. I thank you for my account, the bal^ whereof you 
make £1216. 15. 7, in which you give Cr. £50, receiv'd 
of M'. Hodson on account of ColP Wendell, which I have 
told him, and will answer it to him here. I have accepted 
your bill in favour of M"" Oliver for £300 ster., which, with 
the other of £100, I shall be discharging as soon as I 
possibly can, and am trying all the ways in my power to 
make you a large remittance. I am greatlj^ oblig'd to 
you, and will do all I possibly can to make you easy. I 
am at present greatly hurry'd, but will the first leisure 
examine your account that I may sign what you desire. 
I am very uneasy you should be so largely in advance for 
me, & I say I will be lessening it as soon as possible. 
Pray tell me what the £84 was paid for to T. Odell, Esq^ 
Ar Belcher don't think it worth while to write me a tittle 
about it, but I think it a vast deal of money, and if I must 
be at such dreadfull charge, I had better quit the govern- 


ment than ruin myself. Notwithstanding all I have wrote 
to my son about so profusely expending my money, I find 
he has no regard to it. I am astonisht to think how he 
could spend 219. 4. 4 from September 26 to February 20 
(not 5 m'''), is after the rate of <£530 sterling a year, or 
upwards £2900 this money. I am really amaz'd to look 
on the sum, and should be asham'd & afraid any body 
should know it. His brother is at lodgings in town, keeps 
his horse and footman, and does not spend £70 sterl^ a 
year. He must, as you say, return to N. England if he 
can't fall into business in Westminster Hall to maintain 
himself, for I neither can nor will (in my advancing 
years) go on to rack myself to death to support his lavish, 
vmthinking way of living. Nor has he sent me his 
account of expence to 28 August last, which justly makes 
me angry. Eead him what I write, for I am not in tem- 
per to write him at present. I am heartily sorry for the 
death of M"" Gurney. I take notice of a paragraph drawn 
into one of Auchmuty's decrees, which is a villanous 
thing. Is n't the Gov"" the King's representative, and the 
immediate servant of the Crown ? and who then should 
recommend persons to places of trust but he? 

I am very thankfuU for M'' Lee Dicker's letter to Sir 
^ym Young, and that you'll use it in the properest manner 
for my service. I aUo thank you for the copies of many 
other things, which are of good service to me in my 
admin*". I ha'n't time to write you of the fate of your 
account in the House of Eep''''', but you'll find it in the 
votes. Eead my two letters to Lords of Trade, & deliver 
that of the 6*^ with the proceedings of New Hampshire 
Assembly; that of 7*^^ instant read to M*" Hutchinson. 
Perhaps it may serve him in his affair, & if you & he 
think it best to be deliver'd to the Lords of Trade deliver 
it ; otherwise, not. I am with great gratitude for all your 

friendship, Sir, -\t t - v. '- t -o 

^ ' Your lovmg bro. J. B. 

Boston, May 7, 1741. 

CYan-han. Hall.^ 



Dear Jonathan, — I have receiv'd t Siiiith & Coffin 
your letters of 28 February, 2 & 5 March. The affair of 
Miss H — tf — Id is over, and I think prudently manag'd on 
your part, and on hers as a downright jilt ; and I think 
you well off, even if her fortune had been much larger. 
You acted with that frankness and probity which became 
a gent"", and I hope you'll alwayes practice on a like occa- 
sion. Your education & profession, I think, may alwayes 
be weio;h'd acrainst a handsome fortune. I see M'' Morton 
and Hutchinson seem to think you may succeed at Rho- 
hampton, and where, you say, you are kindly and oblig- 
ingly receiv'd, & will vigourously pursue the matter. It 
would be a fine thing if you could bring it to bear. I 
beleive they will expect you to return to your first love, 
& you must allow the old & young lady to make their 
own terms of settlement. As to her fortune, be wise, 
Jon"", and make no false step w^hereby to miss the prize, 
if it can be gain'd. The eldest, I am told, is a young 
lady of good sense and of great vertue & piety. Pray 
make my compliments to Madam Holden, & let her have 
the incloj^ed, which, I suppose, is an ans" to what I de- 
liver'd from her to Doctor Colman. If I hear further 
from you in the Rhohampton affair ^ Shepherdson, and 
that I can judge it looks with a good face, lie venture 
a letter to the old lady. 

I thank you for the care of S'' John Gonson's handsome 
letter, which I wall soon answer. The Hon^^^ M'' Pelham I 
know to be a gentleman of great truth and honour and of 
steadiness, and can be of more consequence to my affiiirs 
than the Duke. You must therefore plye Sir John & all 
others of your acquaintance that have interest in M'" Pel- 
ham ; nor is the Duke at all to be neo^lected. I find 
great things have been done this winter, and that S"" R. is 


stanch, & L*^ Pres* made soft & easy. I hope my enemies 
will become tir'd, gnash their teeth, and melt away. I 
believe W — 1 — do and W — n — w''*^ must make a running 
fight in a little time, for stock must run low. However, 
your uncle and you must still be vigilant. Your argu- 
ments at the hearing before the Lords of Trade were 
good & nervous. I say, my son, you handled the matter 
finely ; altho' you could not perswade those great men to 
piss backward, or depart from their former sudden, unrea- 
sonable, unjust, prejudiced report, I still hope you'll get 
it thrown out by your skill & rhetorick when it comes to 
be heard at the Privy Council. If not, we must have our 
dernier resort to S"" E. and also to the Duke ; on the last 
I am told W — nt — th has his principal dependance. The 
case you drew up and put into hands of Sir C. W. relat- 
ing to my conduct in the expedition is very well done. 
Sh — r — y is a mean, false, ungrateful! beggar. I thank 
you for the Parliamentary Debates, into which I have 
dipt here and there, and I think they must be of great 
service to an Englishman. As to what I did in the affair 
recomm^ended to me by M^ H. Walpole, it was with integ- 
rity and zeal for his service, and when he calmly considers 
it, 1 hope he will tliink I deserve his friendship. The 
matter was no secret, his Deputy having pusht it in the 
House of Rep''''' 12 m""' before, and his motion was printed 
in the Journals. Give my service to your friend M'' 
Jekyll, and tell him the seeds he desires cannot be had 
till the fall of the year, when I will get what of them I 
can, & send him so as to be with him seasonably for the 
ground the next spring. I thank your care about the 2 
bushels of yew berries, which I am fond of 

The inclosed for Sir Thomas Prendergast read, seal, & 
deliver. You'll see I am very plain, and I cannot dis- 
charge a good conscience with saying less. 

I wrote a large paragraph in my letter of 7 instant to 
your uncle respecting your lavish, profuse expence which 


I am no wayes able to go on to support, or if I could I 
could not ans'* it to God with respect to myself & my 
family, and you must soon come home if at 31 you can't 
maintain yourself. You must expect, Jon% to meet with 
disappointments in the world, & you and I deserve them 
all at the hands of God, tho we may not from our fellow 
creatures ; nor do I blame you in any thing but the arti- 
cles of your frantick, nonsensical conformity & your pro- 
fuse, lavish expence. It w^ould be much more to the 
purpose in answer to my complaints and honest letters on 
this head to have retrencht at least one half of your 
annual expence than to tell me of your spirits being sunk 
k of your behaviour being affected. I am astonish t when I 
think of your spending £2500 this money. Home you 
must come & be glad of a fifth part of the money if my 
letters by Skinner, and what I now say, don't bring j^ou 
to your considering cap ; for I cannot, nor will not, go on, 
80 distressing myself in my advancing years ; from 

Your loving father. J. B. 

Boston, May 9, 1741. 



Sir, — I have now lying before me your several letters 
of December 15, Janu"" 14, Febru'' 21 & 27 last past, wdiich 
came to hand via New York, f" Coffin, & f> Darby. The 
letter for M*"^ Hutchinson inclos'd in yours of 15 Decem- 
ber, and came to hand but last night, was then deliver'd. 
You had a fine passage, & got safe, God be praised. 

I don't wonder you find such prejudices among the 
King's min" against this Prov when I consider what pains 
have been taken here for 25 years past to treat the Crown 

* Afterward Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts (born in Boston, Sept. 9, 1711 ; died 
at Bronipton, England, June 3, 1780). He had gone to Enghmd to endeavor to have the 
towns whicli Kad been taken from jNIassachusetts by the determination of the boundary dis- 
pute with New Hampshire, "restored to the jurisdiction by wliich they were granted." 
See Diary and Letters of Thomas Hutchinson, vol. i. p. 51. —Eds. 


with all possible rudeness and ill manners, and altlio the 
first beginner and principal agitator is dead, yet you 
know he dropt his mantle (forgive the prophanation of 
the words) on a creature who still carryes it to higher 
lengths. Many people take great pains in natural life to 
destroy their constitutions by whoring, drinking, k""^, & 
finally do the business; and in political life communities, 
with other sorts of vices, as pride, obstinacy, wanton use 
of liberty, and of more than belongs to them, often break 
up their constitutions. God grant this mayn't be too soon 
the unhappy case of the Massachusetts. 

I don't find the bill restraining the exportation of pro- 
visions is yet come hither, so I am not able to judge how 
much it may affect the plantations among themselves, 
where there is at present a great scarcity of all kinds of 
grain, beyond what I can remember for forty years past. 
I thank your hint respecting D'' Avery. M"" Belcher gives 
me the same accounts, and I intend myself the pleasure 
of writing him very soon. 

In yours of 14 January you mention writing me 6*^ of 
same month, which is not come to hand. I duly sent yours 
to Cap* Blanchard, w^ho is quite another man than when 
you concerted your voyage with him, being deep in the 
Land Bank. He was of course dismist from his imploym*', 
civil and military, and Old Grubstreet says. 

They that are out 

will pout. 

I see you had waited on Lord Presid*, and was kindly 
receiv'd. I am glad to hear by the latest letters he was 
in a fair way of recovery, which may give the better oppor- 
tunity of success in your errand, and be also of service 
to my affairs, in which you say he appear'd friendly, and 
that they were in a good situation. For this advice I 
thank you, & shall not doubt your justice to the Governour 
on all occasions. 

The affairs of Europe I find by your letters and many 
ofhprs QTA in n. -mnsif nnsptl'd -nnstnre. and we must still 


wait for the result, a warr with France would be the most 
fatal thing could happen to this miserable province, even 
beyond the present curse of the Land Bank, on which 
you say it would be much better if some other way than 
by application to Parliament could be found out to sup- 
press it. I assure you the concerned openly declare they 
defye any act of Parliament to be able to do it. They 
are grown so brassy & hardy as to be now combining in a 
body to raise a rebellion, and the day set for their com- 
ing to this town is at the Election (27*^ instant), and 
their Treasurer, I am told, is in the bottom of the design, 
and I doubt it not. I have this day sent the Sherriffe 
and his officers to apprehend some of the heads of the 
conspirators, so you see we are becoming ripe for a smarter 
sort of government. What the act of Parliament will 
be respecting this vile, wicked projection, I can't tell, 
but if it be no better than the bill I have seen, it 
will by no means answer the end. The common people 
here are taught by their advisers to beleive they are pretty 
much out of the reach of the government at home ; nay, 
our Assembly are sometimes made to think by their 
leaders that they are as big as the Parliament of Great 
Britain, but surely as occasions require, Icau't help think- 
ing we shall alwayes to our loss & cost find otherwise. 
The Parliament's rising without doing anything in the 
paper currencies of the plantations will keep 'em all in 
great confusion, and this more especially. 

I expect no supply of the Treasury this year, no debts 
to be paid, no government to be supported or defended ; 
in short yOur father's quondam book keeper will make 
mad work before he has done. You will doubtless hear 
how far they proceeded in the House the last session to 
dismiss M" Wilks, in which I believe the Boston bench 
were innocent, but not so in the ungratefull treatment of 
]Vr Partridge. In short. Sir, the Land Bank does so far 
affect every affair in the Assembly, and throughout the 
Province, that it will be the ruin of government and people, 


if it be not speedily and effectually crusht. I am at first 
reading well pleas'd with what you put into the hands 
of Alderman Baker and others, but I can by no means 
advise to your plunging yourself or estate into anything 
in expectation of security from this government, whose 
honour (in its present way of thinking and acting) I 
wouldn't trust for a pair of old shoes. And from this I 
would go upon the special affair which carried you hence. 
You don't say in any of your letters to me or to any 
other of your friends whether you had receiv'd the £300 
ster^, for which you had a letter to M"" Wilks. By his 
account he had no money of the Province's in hand ; yet 
I suppose he paid you, or you would have said he had 
not. I say upon this, by no means advance a shilling of 
your own money. If it fails on that head, those who 
should supply you must blame themselves. As to my 
small affair (among the rest), I am glad you did not make 
any special use of my power of attourney, whereby my 
enemies might have taken advantage. As property can- 
not be affected, I am indifferent in which Province my 
interest lyes. 

I have desir'd M"* Partridge to read you a letter I w^rote 
7*"^ instant to Lords of Trade, which may perhaps some 
w^ay or other affect your affair, and between you you'll 
judge whether it may any w^ay hurt the Governour to 
deliver it; if it may, I have order'd him not to do it, 
but if it will not, I think it proper they should know what 
I have there wrote. 

I will at the first leisure moment set down & gravely 
consider your scheme for issuing bills of credit, tho' I tell 
you beforehand if it does not secure an invariable value 
to the bills, that is, to be worth as much to-morrow, next" 
day, and all the time they are extant, as at the moment 
they are issu'd, or, I might have said, to be at the first 
of their coming out, & alwayes, what they are call'd in 
the face, — I say, unless effectual care be taken for so 


ascertaining of them, I can never be in opinion of any 
scheme for a paper currency. Every other thing must 
be a cheat & delusion. 

I thank you in behalf of M'' Secry Willard, whose inter- 
est, I hope my friends will (to a man) warmly espouse on 
all occasions. He is a gentleman of great vertue, of 
imspotted integrity, of good knowledge, natural and 
acquir'd, and perfectly well knowing in all the business 
of his office, and I can't beleive any successour would equal 
him for a great number of years to come. You are wel- 
come, M^ Hutchinson, to use any freedom with me in the 
publick or in your own affairs, and you may depend on 
my honest and best thoughts as much as if you were my 
own son, for I heartily wish your prosperity. 

I had almost forgot to say there was no name men- 
tion'd of another agent when they voted in the House to 
dismiss M'' Wilks, but I have good reason to beleive the 
design was at the coming session to make your neighbour 
Clark's son-in-law his successour. tempora, mores ! I 
once more say as to the affair of the Line, risque none of 
your own money. While you stay let me hear from you, 
& tell me in time your conclusion whether to return 
hither before winter. I am glad you & M"" Belcher have 
so well renew^'d your old acquaintance, from which I am 
sure he will reap the greatest advantage. I am, Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Boston, May 11, 1741. 


May IT PLEASE y'' Lordship, — I am quite asham'd to 
own that I had the honour of a letter from my Lord 
Egmont in June last, dated the 8*^ of April, with M"" Ogle- 
thorpe's state of the new colony of Georgia. I ask 1000 
pardons, and beg this may recover me to your Lordshi^D's 
favour & good opinion. 

1741.] TO LORD EGMONT. 391 

I have re'd the account of Georgia once and again, 
and by its harbours, rivers, soil, and productions it must 
in time make a fine addition to the British Empire (in 
America), and I still insist upon it that the prohibition of 
negroes and of rum will finally divert 1000 ill conse- 
quences attending other colonies that abound in those 
pernicious articles ; and the alteration of the constitution 
to the advantage of females must give great incourage- 
ment to first undertakers or setlers, as your Lordship 
observes. Tantce molis erat Bomanam condere geniem. In- 
fant plantations labour with great difficulties, must first 
creep before they go. I see great numbers of peoj)le 
would be welcome in that new settlement, and have 
therefore the honour to think with M"" Oglethorpe that 
the soldiers sent thither should all be married men, 
or that a number of women should be sent over, that ac- 
cordino" to the order of the creation of man there should 
be male and female, and they become one flesh, which 
would be one good and laudable way of increasing their 

I was heartily sorry for the miscarriage of General 
Oglethorpe's attempt on Augustine, in w'''^ I could never 
yet learn where the mistake was, or to whom that misfor- 
tune is owing, unless to a wrong judgement of the strength 
of the place, to which the force that attackt it, they say, 
was by no means equal. I wish a part of Admiral Ver- 
non's fleet & Gen^ Wentworth's forces may give it a 
visit before the Spaniards sue for peace. It seems to me 
absolutely necessary for quieting the English possession 
of Carolina and Georgia that we should reduce Augustine 
to the obedience of the British Crown, and keep it as 
Gibraltar and Port Mahone. 

I have the honour to be pfectly in opinion with your 
Lordship as to the brave, humane Yernon. We have 
lately receiv'd accounts from so many different wayes of 
his taking Carthagene that I think it must be so, but sup- 


pose it has cost clear in lives and ships, and if he proceeds 
to the Havanna, that will still be a more obstinate affair. 
Had he carry'd less than half the force he now has with 
him his success (doubtless) wou'd 'a' been easy & ready. 
We hear Marquiss D'Antin with about 30^^ French ships of 
the line sail'd from Hispaniola in Febru* last with the 
Spanish money and other treasure that us'd to be the 
loading of the galleons. 

I give your Lordship 10,000 thanks for the kind men- 
tion you make of my son, and pray your Lordship to 
beleive me to be with the greatest respect & esteem, 
my Lord, 
Your Lordship's most faithfull, most obed* humble serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 14, 1741. 



Rev'd & DEAR Sir, — I am asham'd to look over the 
date of your kind letter of 4*^ of May last, which came to 
my hands the 1 November following, yet I can relye on 
your goodness for pardon in owning it so late, while you 
consider how much I am ingrost in the care of two of 
the King's provinces, sometimes I fear too much to the 
neo;lect of the (^reat business of the Kino; of Kinoes; and 
yet I would humbly hope I have an eye to His glory in the 
whole of my administration. Man is born to trouble as 
the sparks flye upwards ; and even this determination of 
the great Governour of the world is design'd in mercy to 
mankind. What sayes the wise Preacher ? " hi the day 
of adversity consider." And his pious father, " Before I 
was afflicted I went astray." If the fruit of our troubles 
be that our wayes please the Lord, He'll make even our 
enemies to be at peace with us. May the Holy and Eter- 
nal Spirit of God take the full possession of my heart, 
and that tliis may become my care thro' riches of mercy 

1741.] TO ISAAC WATTS. 393 

in Jesus Christ. He that said to the foaming billows, 
Peace, be still, and it was so, can disconcert all faction & 
opposition, can scatter every cloud and bid the shades of 
night flye before the springing day and rising sun. A 
Governour must indeavour to mail himself with patience. 
Scevis esse tranquillum in iindis. I desire to be in subjection 
to the Father of Spirits, to have faith in Him, and this 
constant conclusion in myself that all the carvings of His 
providence towards me are best for me. I again greatly 
rejoyce in the favour of God in so well restoring you 
after such a threatning stroke, but I rejoyce still more 
in your humble & pious submission while you can say, 
" You are waiting His will to be imploy'd here, or to be 
call'd away hence, at what hour He pleases." Oh, Sir, how 
thankfull must the Christian be that has thus got upon 
the last round of the ladder. My greatest gratitude flyes 
into your bosom in return for all your prayers & good 
wishes to me & to my family. As to myself, I am just 
at the heels of sixty, my few remaining moments are 
crowded into a narrow compass. " My dayes are swifter 
than a post, or a weaver's shuttle. They will soon be ex- 
tinct, & the grave be ready for me." Oh, then, may I 
by the powerful, sovereign grace of God double my dili- 
gence that I may be ready when my Lord shall call. I 
in treat (and as the duty of your function requires), I 
charge you when you kneel before the throne of God & 
the Lamb (in secret) not to forget me ; for an alluring 
world & a tempting Devil are never weary of their 
attacks. I am greatly oblig'd to the excellent Lady 
Abney, to whom you'll present my humble respects. 
Happy she ! who has turn'd her widow'd state into an 
everlasting match with the glorious Bridegroom of the 
Church of God. By the last ship T cover' d to my son a 
letter for you from our dear friend D"" Colman, wherein I 
doubt not but he has given you an account of the out- 
pouring of the Spirit of God in a wonderfull manner of 



late in this & the neighbouring provinces. To His name 
alone be the glory. I am, Sir, with the most perfect 
esteem & friendship, 

Yours. J. B. 

Boston, May 20, 1741. 

When you favour the world with any new production 
let me partake. 



Sir, — I duly receiv'd your kind letters of September 
29% Oct« 8, 14, & 20^^ November, f' Keller, Fones & 
Adams. I still think it not in your power legally or hon- 
estly to withold any papers belonging to the late M'' 
Dummer from the demand of his Execu''% nor could any 
friend justly find fault with you in delivering them up. 
The wretch that went into the measures of that letter for 
breaking up the constitution of his countrey, to compass 
his revenge, ought to be the abhorrence of all honest men 
& lovers of English liberties; for my part I shouldn't 
scruple his being the authour of any wickedness to obtain 
such points as he might at any time have in view. I 
beleive M"" Walpole was fully satisfy' d with what I wrote 
him, because in his answer to me he seems to drop the 
matter, or rather to fault his Deputy, & I am told has 
wrote him to make his submission. He did indeed behave 
at the Council Board with great indecency & rudeness, 
and with no regard to the King's authority, that I tho't 
it inconsistent with his Majesty's honour, as well as my 
own, to allow him a seat at the Council table. Notwith- 
standing my enemies had so bemisted the eyes of the 
P — r — y C — ncil as to force such a cruel censure as they 
made, yet I can fully appeal to Him whom I adore, for 
the integrity and strict impartiality of my conduct in the 
affair of the boundaries, & all the clamour my adversa- 


ries made sprung from pure malice. I shall indeavour 
by the help of God so to conduct my administration in 
both provinces as I shall judge may in the best manner 
advance the King's service & honour & the welfare of his 
people, & shall then hope my innocence & my justice to 
all mankind will finally protect me from the mean, base 
attempts of my unreasonable enemies. That villain 
D — nb — r, I see, has defrauded all his creditors by a stat- 
ute. Why are lesser villains strangled at Tyburn ? I thank 
you for the publick prints, which are alwayes welcome 
to me. Your friends kindly return your compliments. I 
beg you will be my advocate wdth M"" Urlsperger of Augs- 
burh, to whom I shall soon write in answer to his kind 
letters lying by me. ColP Hutchinson had the letter 
you inclos'd. The junction of Sir Challoner Ogle with 
Admiral Vernon put all the English America into a 
frolick, & their success at Carthagene you'll have an 
account of by the express dispatcht from thence to his 
Majesty. M"" Partridge & M"" Belcher both give me the 
same account that you do of M"" Allen's late conduct, of 
which I shall take the proper notice when he returns 
hither. I am much oblig'd to you for all your good 
wishes, & hope my friends have made so good an interest 
with the Kings min""^ as that I am in no present danger 
of a supersedeas. Yet affairs at Court often take sudden 
& different turns. I wish you much health & every easy 
circumstance you desire, & remain with upright respect, 
worthy & dear Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 21, 1741. 


Dear Brother, — I have before me yours of March 
25'^ 30*^ and April 11, T Shepherdson & Tracey. My 
L* Pr — s — d — nt^ I find by M"" Belcher, was very warm at 


the Committee of Council upon the report of the Lords 
of Trade for a separate Gov"" for New Hampshire, & con 
firm'd it, and I fully expect to hear by next ship that 
B. W. is appointed, tho' according to the words of your 
letter of 3*^ Febru% viz*, " That when it came before the 
King and Council he (that is S"" R.) would plead time and 
20 other things to put it by, and would save the meaning 
as to Neiv Hampshire, if even the Lords' Committee should 
agree to the Board of Trade's report, and that you kept 
M"" Speaker Onslow and Sir William Young in reserve as 
to further application." I wish the great man may be 
sincere and just in what he said ; otherwise it seems 
highly probable that New Hampshire will be taken from 
me, & I am waiting the final result, and wish it mayn't 
be to the mortification of me and of my friends. Brother, 
how could L** Pr — s — d — nt pretend to you he was not my 
enemy ? he is so violent it looks to me as if he was to 
have some gratuity for acting the hot part he does. You 
will by this conveyance hear in what confusion the affairs 
of this Province are by reason of the vile, wicked Land 
Bank, near one half of the Council left out, and I oblig'd 
to dissolve the Assembly, tho' this is the session when 
they are most wanted for the service of the King and of 
the Province. I hope the King's instruction & the act of 
Parliament will be here in the next ship, for we shall be 
in great confusion till that fraudulent scheme is intirely 

What I inserted in my speech last winter was intended 
for the real service of M"" H. W., & altho' it did not suc- 
ceed, I can't see where any blame could be imputed to 
me. As to my son, your nephew at the Temple, 1 
gravely think on all you write. I see you had been with 
the Widow H — Id — n,^ and broke the matter, and did 
not find much incouragem*, " and that you doubted it 

* Mrs. Samuel Uoldon. Tlic interview had reference to a marriage between Jonathan 
Belcher, Jr., and one of her daughters. — Eds. 


would hardly do." I have been all along pretty much of 
that mind, & shall not be disappointed, altho' it would 
please me so to be, and you may read, seal & deliver the 
inclosed to John Morton about it, if you think it may do 
any good. Tell my son I cannot write him by this con- 
vey% I am so prest in time, but I would have him take 
courage and attempt tlie matter, come what will of it, 
and if it would accomplish the thing I would settle £200 
sterg. a year on him during my being Gov^ I carefully 
observe what you say & shall not mention a word to him 
of what you write. I re'd your letter to M'" Kinsey of 
Philadelphia, and can't see how it's possible for the Board 
of Trade to forbid an agent (or indeed any of the King's 
subjects' application to them) in behalf of a province or 
of particular persons, when properly made, in redress of 
any grievance ; and should the case ever be so I would 
make loud complaint to the King in Privy (or Cabinet) 
Council to forbid any such despotick, arbitrary invading 
the rights of an Englishman, and to let them know they 
are but publick servants to their fellow subjects. 

I am, brother, greatly concerned at the present situa- 
tion of my dear son at the Temple, and at the thot of his 
returning hither to starve in New England practice after 
such a long, expensive education ; but I will in a few days 
turn it on every side and weigh it as sedately as I possibly 
can, & give you and give him my maturest thoughts. I 
am thorrowly sensible how severe it is upon you to be 
advancing for his support, and for my other affairs. I 
am griev'd and troubled, but have the view of remitting 
to you something handsome for your ease in a little time, 
and pray my son may not be put under discouragement. 
Be patient a little longer, & I hope all will be to your 
content. If he will not mind my angry admonitions & 
retrench his profuse, extravagant way of living, or find a 
fund of his own to defray the charge, he must come home, 
& so let him know. 


M" Allen very carefully deliver'd your letters, and I 
have assur'd hini no gratitude shall be wanthig on my 
part in return for the good services done me, according 
to your representation. Your packet to Gov" Ward went 
forward by the post. You may depend I have laid a 
scheme for Kilby's dismission very soon, which I think 
can't fail of taking effect. I thank you for the yew seed 
f Shepherdson, & am 

Your affectionate brother. J. B. 

Boston, May 29, 1711. 
(Smith. Coffin.) 


Good Sir, — In Oct" last I receiv'd your kind letter of 
14*'' June ^ Snelling, and thank you for it, and for all 
your good wishes to me & to my family. I do assure you 
there is nothing in my power that I would not willingly 
do for promoting the best welfare of my countrey. Your 
observation is right as to the money remitted hither for 
propagating the Gospel among the poor Indians. The 
Commissioners here are very industrious to answer the 
good ends of that foundation. I am very sorry for the 
decaying state of good M'' Wilks's health. He is a wor- 
thy, honest gentleman, and I know him to be a faithfull 
friend. I pray God to recover & restore him to perfect 
health. The death of the excellent M' Holden was a loss 
to the Christian world, to Great Britain, and a very great 
one to this countrey, to which he had been a most gener- 
ous benefactor. I have more than once mention'd to my 
son M'' Belcher of the Temple the making his address to 
one of the young ladies, and his uncle seems to like it, but 
he is too backward, fearing it may not be acceptable to 
the family. I write his uncle by this ship about it, and 
would take it as a singular favour if you would learn the 
disposition & inclination of the family in this matter, and 

1741.] TO WILLIAM BULL. 399 

whether there may be a rational probability of his success. 
If not, he shall by no means attempt it, for I would not 
baulk him in such a nice affair. 

M"" Belcher is the Gov'' of New England's son. 

In the 31'* year of his age. 

Comely and genteel. 

Of a healthy constitution. 

Diligent and capable in his business. 

Fine temper ; & his education, first and last, has cost 
3 to four thousand guineys. And I should think all these 
things put together may give him a claim to an agreeable 
young lady, with a very handsome fortune. And, my 
friend, how many young ladies with large fortunes are 
sacrificed to monsters, who ruin 'em the first night they 
go to bed, and how much more preferable is such a young 
gentleman as M' Belcher to such brutes, altho' they may 
have overgrown fortunes. I wish you. Sir, much health 
and ease in your advancing years, & am 

Your hearty friend & most hum. servant. 

J. B. 

Boston, May 29, 1741. 



Hox^'''' Sir, — Your favour of the 29*^ November last 
did not reach me till the 22** of April, or I had sooner own'd 
the receit of it. I heartily commiserate the poor suffer- 
ers in the late dreadfull fire of the town of Charlestown, 
such an one, I suppose, as no town in the English 
America has ever known. I immediately communicated 
your letter to his Majesty's Council here, w^ho were sen- 

* Lieutenant-Governor of South Carolina. A serious fire broke out in Charleston at 
two o'clock in the afternoon of Nov. 18, 1740, and burned until eight o'clock at night. 
"The Number of Houses burnt are computed to be above 300 besides Store Houses, &c. 
and several Wharffs, and had it not been high Water all or most of the Shipping would 
have been burnt. The Damage only in Merchandize is computed to be above the Value of 
£200,000 Sterling." See New England Weekly Journal, Jan. 27, 1741. — Eds. 


sibly moved at the terrible account you give of the fiery 
destruction oi that day, and advis'd to the issuing of the 
inclosed brief which has been re'd in most of the churches 
of this Province ; nor have 1 been wanting otherwise to 
move well dispos'd persons in this & some of the neigh- 
bouring towns to put on bowels of compassion & kindness 
to the many poor sufferers by this melancholy providence. 
Some collections have been made already, and others are 
making, & when the gentlemen appointed to remit the 
money send it forwards you shall hear further from me. 
In the mean time I do assure you, Sir, I have a very feel- 
ing sympathy with the sufferers of all degrees among 
you, and if what shall be given here arises from a true 
Christian temper of mind, I hope it will be accepted 
of Almighty God as the mite the widow cast into the 
Treaury. I am with much respect. Sir, 

Your Honour's most obedient and most humble serv*. 

J. B. 

Boston, June 5, 1741. 


Sir, — I duly receiv'd your favour of 5^^ instant. By 
a ship arriv'd last week from Bristol I have letters of 
30 April, advising me that M"" Shirley was appointed 
Govern our of the Massachusetts, and M'' Wentworth of 
New Hampshire, and it comes from so good hands that I 
have no reason to doubt it. As in all other thino^s, so in 
this great event, I desire patiently to submit to the will 
of the Alwise God, & from it to observe the uncertainty of 
all humane affairs, and that there is no safety or immuta- 
bility but in God, in whom it is our duty to trust at all 
times. I am truly afraid the people of your Province 
will soon be under great difficulties and distresses, loaded 
with taxes, k""^, & all my friends must prepare for their 
quietus. As to M' Newman's money, you know I have 

1741.] TO RICHARD WALDRON". 401 

nothing more to do with it than as a friend to justice 
and to ray friend, and it will be no better than robbery 
for the Assembly to hinder the payment. I very kindly 
salute you and Madam Sherburne & all your good family, 
and remain, Hon^^*" Sir, 

Your hearty friend & serv*. J. B. 

BosTONj June 29, 1741. 



Sir, — I have duly receiv'd your favour of 23*^ currant 
by your son, as also of 26 by the post. I find ColP West- 
brook is in a decaying, dying way. When so great a 
change as his death may happen I am sensible it must 
require your being much at Stroud-Water, for which you 
are like to have leisure, as well as I for my private affairs. 
I had not wrote to the old Simpleton uncover'd but that 
it requir'd haste, and I suppos'd you w^ere not return'd. 
The Rockway storm is blown over, yet it may serve to 
shew this Province & yours the sad situation they are in 
upon the appearance of even w^eakness itself I desire 
you to send me a journal and plan from each of the sur- 
veyours, & the duplicates to lye for my order. What you 
heard as to the Learned in the Law & Granada came last 
Tuesday by one Helyer from Bristol, by whom I had let- 
ters from M"" Wilks & from M^ Partridge of 30*^^ April, 
confirming it in very explicit terms, so you wdll now (as 
I have said before) become a freeman after eleven years 
servitude. If you have anything to suggest upon this 
extraordinary event, I shall be glad to receive it. Wish- 
ing you, your lady, and family much happiness, T remain, 
-Hon^^^ Sir, 

Your friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, June 29, 1741. 





Dear Brother, — The 23^^ of last month arriv'd 
Helyer from Bristol, with your kind letter of 30*^ April, 
bringing me the melancholly tydings of the King's dis- 
missing me from both my governments, Massachusetts 
being given to M'' Shirley and New Hamp to M"" Went- 
worth. And yours of 14'^ May by Evers came to my 
hands the 1 curr*, confirming these things. Most cer- 
tainly, as you say, there is no confidence in man, whose 
'' heart is deceitfull above all things & desperately wicked : 
who can know it ? " The great, great man,"^ wdth other 
great men that you and my other friends have so long 
attended, and from whom you receiv'd from time to time 
such solemn & sacred assurances of friendship and of my 
continuance, is a new and flagrant instance of the false- 
hood, hypocrisy, and treachery of mankind. 

I must needs own, it gives me a terrible shock, and the 
more so, when I consider how faithfull I have been to the 
King ; and after all to be turn'd out without fault or com- 
plaint I think must be a great discouragement to all 
faithfull servants ; but I plainly see truth and justice 
must never stand in the way of the ease & conveniency 
of great men. As to what you mention about the Land 
Bank, I lay no stress at all upon it. That's but a sham 
pretence. No ! they were resolv'd to do the thing, per 
fas aid nefas. It must be plain to the whole world w^hat 
an honest & steady part I have acted for destroying that 
wicked projection, and my letters to you on that head must 
convince all mankind that I never concerted any thing 
with you in fav"" of it, but I did & shall alwayes think you 
acted a very imprudent part about it. 

Upon the whole I desire not too much to look at the 
wicked instruments that have been us'd to brino; about 

* Sir Robert Walpole. — Eds. 


this extraordinary event of Divine Providence, but I 
would carry my thot's higher, and eye the hand of God, 
fall down & adore & say, " I have sinned, what shall I do 
unto Thee, Thou Preserver of men ? " I would be 
dumb and not open my mouth. God is just, and He is 
still reserving to me many mercies by which and by afflic- 
tions may I be led into a stricter obedience to all His holy 
and righteous laws, and be made happy in a closer com- 
munion with Him. Amen. 

As to my dear son at the Temple, unless some one of 
the things I hinted to him in my last, and now repeat, 
should take effect he must immediatelv return hither. I 


am under great obligations for your paternal regard to him 
for ten years past, and so is he ; and as it is now impossi- 
ble for me to go on and support him where he is, it would 
be unreasonable for me still to desire you should straiten 
yourself on his account, but onely to assist him, if he re- 
turns hither, in a passage & getting him clear of the 
city, &''^ I am, brother, under the utmost concern to 
reimburse the large sum you are in advance for me. The 
Assembly are to sit the next week, & what this extraor- 
dinary turn may produce among them is impossible to 
guess. If they do not, pay any part of my arrears (which 
is upwards fourteen thousand pounds) yet I hope they will 
make me the usual grant ; & yet sometimes I doubt it. 
Let that be as it will, I am determin'd by all the ways pos- 
sible in my power to be soon making you a large remit- 
tance, and first of all to pay your bills in favour of M'^ 
Oliver. I hope you will find friends to assist you till I 
am able to do what I am earnestly indeavouring to do 
for you. I can say no more at present, but that I am 
with the most sincere regard. 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Boston, July 3, 1741. 

Via Scotland ^ Trail & # Craigy (to Lond°). 



My DEAR Son, — This covers duplicate of mine of 18 
ult' 'F Coffin, to which I referr, and more particularly as to 
three things (or four) that I pointed out for your future 
prospect. I am now to own your dutifull letter of 16 May, 
which came to hand the 1 currant, f Evers, and is a con- 
firmation of what I rec'd before, of my being dismist from 
both my governments, M'" Shirley being my successor in 
this, and M'' Wentworth in that of New Hampshire. The 
news of this extraordinary event was a most uncoinon 
surprize to me and to all my friends, after such repeated 
solemn & sacred assurances from the p — me m — n — st — r,*" 
whose hypocrisy, falseness, and perfidy is but in com- 
mon with such sort of cattle. I therefore thank God, 
who inables me amidst all my present difficulties & per- 
plexities to look above so great or so little a creature and 
the other wicked instruments who have been concern'd 
in bringing about this event, — even to eye the hand 
of God in it, to bow down and adore before Him, and to 
confess with the deepest humility, " I have sinned against 
Thee, what shall I do unto Thee, Thou Preserver of 
men?" God is holy, just, & righteous, & I am wicked 
and sinfull, yet in the height of this melancholly provi- 
dence He incompasses me with many mercies. To His 
name be the praise & glory. I desire to be in a perfect 
submission & conformity to God's holy will. 

You seem to have some spirit left in the depth of this 
sharp tryal, for which I desire to thank God. I don't 
know, nor can I see, what views you have, but you say, 
?/oic hope hy the blessing of God soon to provide for your self in 
some quarter of the world or other. I have mention'd Dublin, 
Jamaica & Boston. Perhaps the first might be the best, 
if M"" Belcher would adopt you. If you come hither 

» Sir Robert Walpole. - Eds. 


Pemberton's place would be a fine sinecure, and worth 
all the interest & pains you and your friends can make. 
I mean, to bring a patent for it^ and not to depend that 
another Governour would give it here upon the King's 
sign manual, as I did. Be wise, consider w^ell. I say, may 
God give you understanding to do something for yourself 
at last. More by the next. I am, dear Jon% 

Your very affec father. J. B. 

Boston, July 3, 1741. 

Via Scotland ^ Trail & # Craigy (to Lond"*). 



My dear Son, — I know not how to let this ship pass 
without giving you a line, altho' I have very little to say. 
The melancholly scene I have before me you must be 
sensible leads my tho'ts into great variety. I humbly 
pray for the aids of Divine Grace to support me at this 
time of God's afflictive dispensation upon me. As to 
yourself, may God in His goodness & mercy find out a 
way for your imployment and support in life. What 
views you may have I am not able to judge, but my tho'ts 
are that you will not be able to do better than to return 
hither immediately, where, I hope, you will be able to 
get a livelyhood. I commit you to the counselling of 
God, and am, dear Jon*. 

Your affec father. J. B. 

Boston, July 15, 1741. 
By Cap* Philips. 



HoNO^''^ Sir, — I have your favour of the 17'^ currant. 
May this find young M'' Waldron in a good way of recov- 
ery, & long to live, an honour to his countrey and a great 


comfort to his parents. I sincerely wish all feuds, ani- 
mosities, and parties may vanish and dye in the adminis- 
tration of my expected successour ; but this I should not 
wish were we not assured from the sacred pages that 
with God all things are possible, and don't you think it 
would be a fresh instance of almighty, sovereign grace 
shower'd upon the people of your Province in plentifuU 
measures, and that very generally, if it should be as all 
good men would desire to wish ? 

Were my opportunity lengthned out I would with 
pleasure do the good you mention for Haverhill, k"^, but 

I loath & abhorr the thot of . No, doing my duty 

in serving my generation according to the will of God 
has been alwayes to me the sweetest reward, and had I 
one corrupted finger I would sever it from the rest. I 
thanl^ God, who thro the whole of my administration has 
never left me to be inslav'd or in the least subjected to 
filthy lucre. No, I can now in the end appeal with bold- 
ness and comfort to the Omniscient God, as the Prophet 
of old, '^ Behold, here I am ; witness against me before 
the Lord & before His anointed. Whose ox have I taken, 
or whose ass have I taken ? or whom have I defrauded ? 
whom have I oppressed ? or of whose hand have I re- 
ceived any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith ? and 
I will restore it." 

Inclosed is my order to the Presid* for the management 
of the approaching ceremony, which I have thought much 
better to be general than particular. I thank your dis- 
patch of D'' Rand, and to so good content. "^ Did Mitchell 
come to you for Hazzen's & Bryant's platts in order to 
make out a compleat one ? I think I met him one day 
last week, but he didn't care to know me. I therefore 
suppose the clan have directed he sliou'd dedicate & 

* Governor Belcher had sent a letter to Waldron by Dr. Rand, " whom I am bound in 
honour to serve and protect," desiring Waldron to give Thomas Rand of Hampton, Dr. 
Rand's nephew, a commission as lieutenant in some company, " or that you put me in some 
better way to serve him." — Eds. 


deliver the plan to Granada, that he may make out some 
merit from it. Content. As before I shall give myself 
very little trouble in that or in any thing else. I still 
look upon the affair of the Line attended with endless 
snarls and difficulties & perhaps with extremities not 
much tho't of. 

If I can yet do you any good, put me in the way of 
it, & so oblige, Sir, 

Your affec friend & hum. serv*. J. B. 

Boston, July 20, 1741. 


HoN^"^ Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of 14 instant. 
You know we have often setl'd the point of the madness 
& infatuation of this great Province. The 12 currant I 
laid before the Assembly Hazzen's & Bryant's platts, & 
in my message mention'd the non-return upon the curve 
line, & to some without doors hinted what you have 
wrote. When they will proceed upon it I know not, nor 
have I any thing more to do in that or any thing else. 

Gov'' Shirley's coihission for this Prov having been 
publisht here the 14 curr*, he tells me he has no Vice- 
Admiral's commission, nor any instruc°^ He meets the 
Assembly this morning. I believe the news about the 
painter* is a mistake. He expects to be chosen into 
the Council here, & then to be made agent for the Prov- 
ince in the Rh^ Island affair. Oh, glorious, happy dayes ! 

I inclose you a blank sign'd & indorst, which I desire 
you to fill up, & in case Granada's comission don't arrive 
before the 25 curr", go to the Treasurer with the warrant 
& the inclosed letter at the time (not lapsing an hour). 
Seal the letter & enter upon the warr* what you receive, to 
remain with you for my further order. If the arrival of 

* Robert Auchmuty. — Eds. 


the commission prevents, then return the warrant & the 
letter for Coll^ H. 

Honest D"* Gibnan was to see me last week & said the 
clan would carry the choice of an Assembly just as they 
pleas'd ; so you are like to keep pace with this Province 
in glorious, happu dtujcs. I am alwayes, as you know. 

J. B. 

BosTOX, Aug" 17, 1741. 

Send me a sett of Hazzen's & Bryant's platts & journals 
by return of the post, which I am now determined to 



HoN^''^ Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of 21 instant, 
and thankfully observe the care }0u will take about my 
warrant which flills due to-morrow. The plans & jour- 
nals I shall send forward by the first conveyance ; and 
as to me, here's an end of that vexatious affair. I own 
myself much oblig'd to one of my faithfiiUest friends and 
heartiest ivehuishcrs for your many kind suggestions as to 
the way & manner of passing my few remaining moments, 
and what shall I say for the last eleven years ? I have 
liv'd in perpetual care and hurry, and I think the whole 
world will own have discharg'd my duty to my master 
with the greatest fidelity, and what has been the upshot 
of the whole ? 

I am now close at the heels of sixty & much inclin'd 
to retirement and solitude, yet I have hints by this last 
ship that give distant hopes of the ministry's making 
some provision for me, but if they should not, perhaps 
by a trip to Great Britain I might in one shape or other 
do something for myself As you have the pen of a ready 
writer I desire the continuance of your good offices to 
your friend in framing for me a pungent expostulation 


to his Majesty. The topicks (with such better as you 
will easily think of) may be 

Dismist without fault or complaint, after the strictest 
fidelity to my master's orders. 

Laid aside the advantageous business I was in in life 
to apply myself wholly to my master's service. 

Too late in the day to return to any other way of life, 
& would be dishonourable to the King's service. 

Vastly sunk my own fortune by the governments ; & 
the Provinces never gave me sufficient to defray 
my annual expence. 
Think closely on this matter. Desire madam's leave to 
rise some morning at 5, take your pen, & do it as you do 
all things, & quicken it to me. When we consider the great 
& sudden vicissitudes lately past before us who should 
despair ? Something may happen in much less time than 
the course of eleven years. I am told that the Learned 
has advice by this last ship that after indeavouring to have 
a mollification of the instructions, they were concluded to 
be rather smarter, especially in the point of waste paper. 
I have no intelligence to be depended on as to Sancho or 
Trinkalo, nor have I any thing particular about my great 
Province of New Hampshire. It's said Granada's delay 
is occasion'd by the want of the return of the surveys on 
the Line. Honest Hutchinson is coming home, re infectd, 
the Board of Trade having reported against his petition, 
and they say it hapn'd from the folly of this Province 
in not agreeing to pay the half of the charge of marking 
out the Lines, k""^. 

The letter you mention to the Learned is a fresh instance 
of your prudence. Where there is the word of a King, 
there is power, & no contending. 

Kead the inclosed & return them, saying whether you 
like my answer, for you know it must be laid before the 
clan, or whether it may not be best to take no notice at 
all of the old soldier's letter. The journals herewith, 



you'll see, pin up the basket with your old friend, who, 

you may be sure, will alwayes continue so. 

J. B. 

Boston, August 24, 1741. 


Sir, — I find an advertisement of yours this day about 
the sale of a negroe, of whom you say. He is a good cook ; 
can do any sort of work ; has had the small pox ; under- 
stands chaise & horses very well ; is honest & good natur'd. 
These are all good things. How old is he ? Is he sound 
wind & limb ? Is he a single man ? What I most of all 
want him for is to drive my coach, & to take care of the 
horses. I am no stranger to your integrity & can relye 
upon it. Let me then have your particular answer as to 
his goodness & his faults, and if you can put him into my 
hands as a real good servant, I would buy him, provided I 
can have him at a reasonable price for ready money ; so 
you will give me an answer by return of the post, because 
I am offer' d a negroe of this sort in town & would take 
that I may like best. Sir, 

Your friend & servant. 
Boston, Augt 24, 1741. 
(Post ) 


Sir, — The post brings me yours of 28 currant, and I 
thank you for the inquiry made about the negroe. If he 
be sold this way, what will become of his wife ? I will 
consider & write you my determination, & if in the mean 
time he should be sold I must be content. Sir, 

Your ready friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, August 31, 1741. 

* Postmaster at Newport, Rhode Island. See the Boston Weekly Post-Boy, Aug. 24, 
3741. — Eds. 

1741.] TO HENKY NEWMAN. 411 


Worthy Sir, — I find you are debtor to mine of Octo- 
ber 25, Nov^ 12, Dec^ 29, Janu" 23, 28 & 29 last past, and 
I easily account for it, so much of your time being ingrost 
by your favourite Foundling Hospital. You have also told 
me writing was becoming difficult & burthensome to you. 
These things notwithstanding, I cannot omit owning the 
receit of yours of 24 Oct*" last T Snow. The proclamation 
you mention'd to be issued in Ireland was doubtless of 
good service for distressing the Spaniards, & I did some- 
thing here in a stronger manner to prevent the exporta- 
tion of provisions, and for eleven years past have very 
faithfully serv'd the Crown, & have strictly observ'd all 
the King's orders, & yet how cruelly & barbarously am 
I now treated ! by a supersedeas of both my commiss°^ & 
without fault or complaint. Is there. Sir, no remedy for 
so severe a proceeding ? When Gov"" Shute was turn'd 
out to make way for Gov"" Burnet the ministry gave him 
an equivalent in a pension of £400 ster^ a year, and I am 
sure I have a much stronger claim. I wish you would 
talk with Sir Charles and such others as you are ac- 
quainted with at Court, and write me whether it may not 
be worth my while to appear at home & sollicit for justice 
upon so extraordinary an affair. I am alwayes, with 
much respect, dear Sir, 

Your hearty friend & servant. J. B. 

Boston, August 31, 1741. 

¥ the Squirrel man o' warr. 


Sir, — I duly receiv'd your favours of March 20, 23, & 
April 21, by Shepherdson & Evers. As things are cir- 
cumstanc'd I shall wave saying anything more at present 


upon the subject of the vile letter wrote by P. D. to the 
late J. D. As there is a committee appointed by the Gen- 
eral Court to examine into the sufferings of the Quakers 
& of others on the delusion about witchcraft, I hope justice 
will be done to their descendants. 

Pray salute M"" Urlsperger of Augsburgh with my best 
respects, and tell him I am asham'd his kind letters should 
lye so long unanswer'd, for which I will soon apologize to 
him myself. You will please to make my gratefull com- 
pliments to M" Auditor Benson for the fine present trans- 
mitted thro your hands of Johnston's version of the 
Psalms in metre. Those to M'' President Holy oak for 
himself and for Harvard College I suppose he acknowl- 
edges the receit of by the inclosed. He also took the 
care of those for Yale College, the receit whereof you will 
doubtless hear of from M"" Rector Clap. 

Notwithstanding you & all my friends imagin'd my 
interest was so well establisht at Court, yet you soon was 
convinc'd that there's no faith in man. The new Gov"""^ 
coiniss'' was publish t here the 14 of last month. I beleive 
mankind who are acquainted with how much honour & 
fidelity I discharg'd my duty to his Majesty must think 
my case cruel & severe, to be dismist without fault or 
complaint. Such treatment must be a great discourage- 
ment to faithfulness in the King's service. However, I 
must look above the wicked instrum*' that have been per- 
secuting me, & eye the conduct of Divine Providence in 
this great change. I have sinned. God is just and 
righteous in all his wayes. His will is done, & my duty 
is intire submission & resignation thereunto. 

Some of my friends by the last ship think the min- 
istry oblig'd in justice and honour to make some provi- 
sion for me. When Gov' Shute was susperseded by Gov' 
Burnet, they gave the former a pension of £400 sterling 
a year, and I think I have a much stronger claim. If you 
can assist in a sollicitation of this kind by your friends at 

1741.] TO KICHARD WALDRON". 413 

Court, I shall accept it with much gratitude. I wish your 

health & every easy circumstance in life and remain, 

dear Sir, 

Your affec friend. J. B. 

Boston, Septem"^ 1, 1741. 

^ the Squirrel, man o' warr. 


Dear Sir, — I am duly favour'd with yours of 11 instant, 
and since you were not angry nor condemn'd me for con- 
doling you on the Lord's day, in the expectation of the 
melancholly scene a holy & righteous God was preparing 
for your view, I now venture to do it again on the same 
day, and in a more affectionate manner, God's will being 
accomplisht in the death of your onely daughter much 
(perhaps too much) the darling of yours and your ladie's 
hopes and desires. I most sincerely compassionate you 
both, and humbly pray that your wills may be signally 
bow'd to the will of God in this heavy stroke. I say may 
your patience, submission, and resignation break forth 
before men to the honour & glory of God. What was the 
behaviour of the holy High Priest, when God in blazing 
wrath from heaven burnt up his two consecrated sons ? 
^' And Aaron held his peace." And what said the great 
eastern prince of old when stript of all his vast estate & 
the numerous hopes of his family, with one crush bury'd 
under the ruins of their banquetting house, which the 
divine vengeance levell'd in the midst of their carousing ? 
" The Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away, blessed be 
the name of the Lord." But above all. Sir, consider how 
the great Redeemer resign'd himself in the sharpest & 
severest suffering it was possible for humane nature to 
undergo, "Nevertheless not as I will, but as Thou wilt." 
And these things are recorded in the sacred pages for our 
instruction & imitation. I hope God has taken your 


child from the evil to come & that the great God-man, 
the lovely Jesus, our Almighty Saviour, has washed her 
in his blood, and presented her spotless before the throne 
of God and the Lamb, and then with what transports of 
joye, with what transcendent extasies must her soul be 
dilated when she embraces herself in the happy and 
glorious change, a happiness permanent as the duration 
of God himself. In a close and religious view of tliis 
methinksyou and M'^ Waldron must partake with her, and 
taste a part of the joye. I will now conclude this mourn- 
full ditty in an exhortation to you both to think with 
attention on those words of pious David on a like occa- 
sion. " Bat now he is dead, wherefore should I fast ? 
can I bring him back again ? I shall go to him, but he 
shall not return to me." Oh, Sir, the great lesson at 
such times is that we bring forth fruits meet for repent- 
ance, then these afflictions will prove the chastenings of 
a friend and father, "whom the Lord loveth He chas- 
teneth, and scourgeth every son whom He receiveth." 

I acknowledge with all thankfulness yours and good 
M"^ Waldron's kind wishes for me while the shadows of 
the evening are stretch'd out upon me. Oh ! may I 
thro' riches of grace in Christ Jesus be doubling my 
diligence to make my calling and election sure, and may 
God with His all-conquering, victorious grace break 
asunder the barrs of brass and iron that the everlasting 
doors of my heart may be lifted up, and Jesus Christ, 
the King of Glory, enter in & reign and rule there for- 
ever. Amen k amen. Worthy Sir, 

Your aflfec. friend. J. B. 

Boston, Septr 13, 1741. 

1741.] TO KICHARD WALDRON". 415 


Sir, — I am favoured with yours of 9 currant. Your 
child continuing still alive gives some hope of recovery. 
God grant it may be so. The news of the death of the 
poor old President is not so strange as his living so long."^ 
If Presid* Jeffries t has done as you hear, I think I ought 
to suspend him & comissionate a captain for the fort, and 
what think you of Collonel Jo, Huske, or perhaps young 
Harry ? Yet as the new Governour is expected every 
hour, it mayn't be worth my while to concern myself any 
further, altho' it is great presumption in Jeffries so to act, 
& not so much as to give me a line. I should be glad to 
serve old Captain Weeks (& so would you), & his son's 
being a minor is no objection, but the putting another out 
to make room (unless he be of the wrong sort) T don't 
incline to, & yet wish we could gratifye an old friend. 
Couldn't Russel go to Hanson, for I hear nothing from 
him, & conclude he can't complye ; if so, send me the 
£110 by the post. Monday the 5 instant I lodg'd at my 
son Lyde's, and Tuesday 6 deliver'd up the Province 
House to the Committee of the General Court ; since that 
I have lodg'd three nights at Milton ; am now at my son 
Lyde's, where I shall take a bed when at Boston. Letters, 
k'^ will find the way, left at M*" Lyde's. I hope in 10 or 
14 dayes to be wholly fixt at Milton, where may my life 
be hid with Christ in God ! Amen. Hon^^^ Sir. 

Your affec friend. J. B. 

Boston, Octor 12, 1741. 

* Shadrach Walton died Oct. 3, 1741. — Eds. 

t By the death of Walton, George Jaffrey had become senior member and President of 
the Council. — Eus. 



Sir, — The 4^^ instant I went hence to my home at 
Milton, & came hither again this day to visit my friends, 
& found your kind letter of 13. The sincere wishes of 
your heart for my ease & happiness in every situation of 
life is too great a reward for every good thing I ever did 
or could wish to you & yours. May you and yours enjoy 
every blessing this world can afford, but above all may 
the Heavenly Dove descend and alight upon your soul. 
Ma}^ the glorious Jesus, the Sun of Righteousness, arise 
upon you Avith eternal salvation under his wings. Amen 
& amen. 

A positive answer about Hanson will oblige me.* Since 
the new commission is not publisht, nay not arriv'd, the 
difficulty about the warrant t must be over. As to any 
future enterprizes, or intimations thereof, you may depend 
no such will ever get to maturity without your knowl- 
edge. And how reviving is the mention you make of a 
December or January tour to my Milton cave. Such a 
trip wall be an instance of real respect. We may be 
alone when you get there, but will it be best to come 
alone such a winter excursion ? Perhaps Rhodomantado 
(or some body) would be diverting upon the road, & you 
may steer them to Boston, or bring 'em wuth you just as 
you please. My wigwam is all at your service, & you 
will be sure of finding from me the most cordial welcome. 
For '^ as iron sharpeneth iron, so does the countenance of a 
man his friend." Such an interview may give us an oppor- 
tunity of opening to one another. At present (just at 
the heels of 60^^) I have no great stomach to float over 
the ocean. I am, as alwayes, Hono^^*^ & d"" Sir, 

Yours. J. B. 

BosTOX, November 16, 1741. 

* The reference is to an ac;reement for deliverinc: some oak lumber. — Eds. 

t For tlie payment of tlic salary due Belcher as Governor of New Hampshire. — Eds. 



My dear Son, — M}^ last was by Capt° Prince (dupli- 
cate whereof I have not time to send by this conveyance). 
I am now to own the receit of yours of 9 Sept% came to 
my hands yesterday by M"" Hutchinson, full of melancholly 
scenes for the entertainment of my advanced years, & 
what you write me gives me a vast deal of grief and 
concern. Why could you not, Jon% come to be wise, 
solid, & considerate before this time of day ? After a suc- 
cession of my loud warning letters for many years past, 
how is it possible you should bring yourself into such 
straits, with such large supplies as you have had from 
me ? To indulge yourself in your vast, extravagant 
expence you had need have a silver mine. But I have 
done, & leave you to such reflections as I hope will make 
you wiser in your future life, or you must yourself alone 
bear the smart of your folly and inconsideration. You 
are now by the favour and mercy of God advancing to 
the 32'^ year of your age, and high time you should write 
man & maintain yourself; and if you can't you must 
fall, for I am not able to do any more for you, having 
already distrest myself to such a degree as I can hardly 
bear in the vast unreason"" expence you have made upon 
me ; nor dare I go on to the ruin of myself and family 
on your account. I will as soon as I can pay your draft 
in favour of M"" Palmer for £50 ster^, and you must take 
care to pay M'' Wilks & the other large debt you mention 
to your servant, for you may beleive me (or not) it is 
impossible for me to do these things. Nor must you on 
any account draw another bill on me, unless to be return'd 
to you. Take the sense of all I write and realize it. If 
it were in my power to do more for you, I dare not. It 
would be so cruelly unjust to myself and to the rest of 

my family. 


418 THE BELCnEPt PAPERS. [17il. 

I shall thank M'" Hutchinson in the warmest manner 
for his great respect to you at a time when you so much 
needed it. I am greatly oblig'd to our kinsman M'' Belcher 
of Dublin for his kind invitation of you thither, and so I 
am to S' Cha. Wager, M"" Clutterbuck, and M^ Mounteney, 
for their espousing you to take the chance m the law in 
Ireland ; in which God grant you may succeed better than 
you have been able to do in Engl^ To hear of your pros- 
perity will give me pleasure in my declining years ; and 
perhaps you may marry there to a tolerable fortune. But 
if you cannot finally support yourself, I know no other 
way than to return to your own countrey, and get your 
bread as well as you can, for I neither can nor will dis- 
tress myself any more on your account. I am in the 
evening of life, and can no longer sustain under the dif- 
ficulties I have so long suffer'd, on your account vastly 
more than for all the rest of my family, to this day. 

It's a long time since I have heard from M"" Belcher, tho' 
I think he has some of mine lying by him unanswer'd. 
You are so negligent & undutifull in your answers to my 
letters that you must not expect to hear from me again 
till I have an answer to this, and your being now got into 
Ireland will make the correspondence more difficult. 

I cannot conclude Avithout once more warning and 
charging you not to flatter j^ourself or to be any longer 
thotless, but rouse out of your lethargy & know you are 
intirely upon your own legs. You know, so I need not 
say, nay I am frighted to think of, the large sums you 
have had of me. 

I am got to my little cottage at Milton, where I desire 
my life may be hid with Christ in God, and there I shall 
indeavour to spend the little remainder of my dayes as 
silently as I can. 

I commend you to the arms of the mercy of God in 
Christ, and remain, my d'' son. 

Your affec. father. J. B. 

BosTox, Decpm'' 1, 1711. 

1741-2.] TO SIR CHARLES WAGER. 419 

Since writing the foregoing I have your letter of 7 Sepf", 
with your bill for 302. 10 this currency in fav'' of M'^ 
Palmer, for which you tell me he paid you £50 sf", 8o 
you give him above 500 T c*, when the exch'' is now at 
425, & oblige me to pay in the sum of £50 sf", 40. 10 this 
currency more than the currant, just exch*. Why will 
you go on thus to ruin yourself & me ? Depend, I will 
pay no more of your drafts. So you must come hither 
unless you can support yourself. J. B. 

(Fones, to Lond°.) 


Much honoured Sir, — I have troubled you with so 
many of my letters in 12 m""' past, th(it I am almost 
asham'd to let this add to the number, but as I write it on 
an affair that much concerns the honour of your board, as 
well as the welfare of his Majesty's subjects in this Prov- 
ince, your Honour will forgive me while I repeat what I 
have wrote to the Lords of the Admiralty, viz*, that Eob- 
ert Auchmuty, Esq"", Judge of the Vice Admiralty here I 
think unworthy of sustaining that post, being one of the 
principals of the vile scheme call'd the Land Bank, & 
altho' he has been lately chosen an agent for this Province 
on a particular occasion, yet it has been brott about purely 
from the interests of those call'd Land Bankers, who make 
a majority of the present Assembly of this Province, and I 
must also acquaint your Honour that those schematists bid 
open defiance to the act of Parliament made for putting 
an end to that mischievous project, of which M'' Auchmuty 
is President of the Board of Directors, which I think must 
make him sufficiently guilty for forfeiting any favour he 
holds under the Lords of the Admiralty. I would there- 
fore ask leave to mention M'' James Allen to succeed him 
as Judge of the Vice Admiralty in these parts, who is a 
gent" of figure in his countrey, of a liberal education, of a 

420 THE BELCHER PAPERS. [1741-2. 

consider* fortune, for some years past a member of this 
Legislature, and of good integrity. The last is a quali- 
fication which every Judge can't lay claim to. I should 
on all these considerations highly esteem your Honour's 
interest in favour of M"" Allen, & am with much esteem 
& deference, Sir, 

Your Honour's most obed* & most hum. seiV. 

J. B. 

Milton, Jaiiy IG, 1741/2. 

P' Templar, to the care of Mr Allen. 


Mr. Belcher, — I think I can appeal to Him whom I 
adore while I say I have as a good parent done my duty 
to you, your brother & sister for establishing you in the 
w^orld. The shadows of the evening are now stretcht out 
upon me, my hitherto good constitution begins to fail, 
that I cannot rise & shake myself as in dayes past, so 
you must stand upon your own legs, be up, & doing. 
When I saw you last, you may remember, I told you to 
WTite a handsome letter to Sir Cha. Wager, another to 
M"" Wilks, & another to your uncle, & then to bring them 
to me, & I would write in conformity, & send all forw^ard, 
but that if you would not rouse from your hug'd indo- 
lence & deadly lethargy, nor take one step towards your 
own security in the office of Register of Admiralty, I 
would give myself no further concern about it. This is 
now six weeks ago, & altho' I live within an hour & half's 
ride of you yet I have not heard a syllable from you 
since, so am wholly ignorant whether you have acted in 
any shape or manner on this head, in which & all others, 
I wish you well, & am 

Your affec. father. J. B. 

Milton, March 18, 1741/2. 



Sir, — I am oblig'd to you for your favours of 19 & 20 
curr*, the first bringing me your quietus from the Council 
board & from the Secretary's office (done with wrath & 
vengeance). As to particular reasons, for this, or for dis- 
missing you from your other offices (when he pleases) 
there needs no searching. You may remember I told you 
some time since that the civil offices were long ago fill'd 
up in black & white. For my part I wonder that you, the 
Treasurer, the Sherriffs & Clerks of the Courts have stood 
so long. The wicked (finally penitent) Lord Eochester 
said, revenge was a sweet morsel, — the rest was so blas- 
phemous I can't repeat it. No doubt Granada breaths 
with the same spirit. 

I admire you were able to bring a majority into your 
way of thinking about the excise, but don't wonder the 
trembling band afterwards reply'd Yea & amen. Khodo- 
mantado is a heroe. 

Alass, Sir, ColP Dudley or Pepperil could not be courted 
(if it might come as the freest bounty from the King) to 
accept of what you mention, and indeed who would ? 
While the clan have such a sovereign sway & influence 
throout the whole Province I am sure I would not, & yet I 
think I can tell who will (as the vulgar say) down with 
his dust, & he has enough of it. In case the late clamours 
from several parts should be confirm'd by the ships daily 

expected that the great is absconded upon a violent 

attack made in the House of Commons Inclosed is 

the instruction you desire & another about the appointm* 
of civil officers. I applaud your prudence in singing low 
till you have got your dues from the Province. I am 
sensible nothing can be too mean^ base, or diabolical for 
them to practice. 


The method you suggest for Massachus" proprietors of 
new towns to go into is wise & good. 

Let us a little compare the two administrations, if it 
mayn't be too great a condescension in his immediate 
predecessor to mention himself the same day with M"" 
Ignoramus, M"" Blunderbuss & what not, yet as M"" Stough- 
ton observed, Gutts can sometimes do more than brains. 
Lately the whole annual charge of the Prov not 
£1200 a year ; if paid must send all the inhabi- 
tants into goal. 
A salary to the Gov'' of £600 a year it was impos- 
sible to pay without impoverishing the Province. 
The opposite party was treated with easiness & 

The affairs of the General Court & all things in the 
session (as one of your quondam Gov"^ us'd to 
say) were manag'd fairly & above board, &ca., 
&ca., &ca. 

But now 
12,000, for the Line onely. 
6,000, the present year's tax for old debts. 
1,000, present to the Governour. 
3,000, debts due from the Province (old arrears). 
1,000, certain salary. 
& 1,000 more, conditional. 

2,000, other yearly charges. All opposers treated 
with the utmost malice & contempt. 
Votes of Assembly pocketed to be lickt into proper 
shape, &ca., &ca., &ca. 
Isn't it w^orth while to keep a critical exact journal of 
proceedings? The tables may turn. 

But I am here much out of the way of the world, & 
seem pleas'd every day more than other & hug myself in 
solitude & retirement. It was nobly thought & practis'd by 
Charles the 5% that there ought to be a space between a 
crown & a grave. I was pleasantly entertain'd t'other 


day while dipping into a discourse of the late excellent 
Bishop of Cambray's on Christian Perfection, where he 
thus reflects on the vanity & uncertainty of all human 
aifairs, " There has as it were a new w^orld risen up out 
of the grave of that which was in being since we first 
saw the light. As short as our life is we must look out 
for new friends, having lost all our old ones. Here's no 
longer the same family ; some other unknown relations 
have come up in its place ; we see even a whole court dis- 
appear at once. Others are now in the room of those 
we formerly admir'd, & come to dazzle us awhile in their 
turn. What is become of all those mighty actors who 
crowded the stage 30*^ years agoe ? " He concludes, " 0, 
fleeting, foolish world ! " But how elegantly does the 
Eoyal Preacher in his book of repentance describe the 
vanity of all humane courses. " I looked on all the 
works my hands had wrought & on the labour that I had 
laboured to do, & behold all was vanity & vexation of 
spirit, & there was no pro flit under the sun." 

I salute good Mad"" Waldron in the most respectful 
manner, & remain with my best wishes for your whole 
family, Hono^^^ Sir, 

Your hearty friend & servant. J. B. 

From my Cottage at Milton, April 3, 1742. 


Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of the 10 & 22 Febru'' 
^ Prince, where I see you had rec'd mine to 1 Decem"" 
last. I am in treaty time after time for sale of any parts 
of my estate in Boston or in the countrey, & I will not 
rest till I do to such effect as to discharge what I may 
justly owe you. I have your accounts lying before me, 
from the time I left England, & so soon as I have thor- 
rowly examin'd them I shall immediately advise you 


how I suppose the ballance to stand. Airs not being ar- 
rived I have not the account mention'd in yours of the 
10 Februaiy. Depend, brother, I will do every possible 
thing in my power to make you easy. As to the bonds 
you have forc'd from your nephew, I cannot be reconcil'd 
to it as a matter just & reasonable, while you had my 
orders to supply him & his receits for what you supply'd. 
Accordingly those receits were a sufficient warrant for 
your making a charge of what you paid him to my acco", 
& your taking of bonds of him for monies charg'd to my 
account by my order can have no other sense or meaning 
than demanding of him to become bound for his father's 
debts, which is unkind & dishonourable, besides laying 
him open to yourself & to your exec""^ for the very money 
charg'd to my account. I say this is an extraordinary man- 
agement, & if you had been diffident of supplying him 
on my credit, you should have plainly & honestly told him 
so, & told me so, & I must have found some other way 
to have supply'd him, or he must have gone unsupply'd. 
If he behaves ivith mgratitude to ?/ou, it is monstrous & unpar- 
donable ; for 7J0U have been a great friend & a kind affectionate 
uncle to him, & this I shall alivayes sag tvith the most 
than]! fid regard to you on his account. You sag, " / stood 
his friend ivhen he ivent there, or I beleive he could have scarce 
got aiuag ; he luas so in debt!' At this I am amaz'd, luhen I 
consider the large supplies he has had from me. You sag he 
has draivn a bill on gou, for £10 from Ireland. Doubtless 
you think he luill take care to pag gou, for it must not be 
charg'd to me, nor ivill I pag a farthing more for him ; c5 
so I have ivrote him mang months ago, & that if he should 
draw a Mil on me I luill actuallg siff^er it to go back protested. 
The date of his last letter to me teas above seven m^^ agoe. He is 
imduiifidl & ungrateful hegond all bearing. Hoivever, he mag 
depend he will never have another letter from me till I receive 
from him a verg particular cmsicer to all mine Iging bg him, 
ivith a humble acknowledgement of his gross faultiness. Prag, 

1742.] TO RICHARD WALDROI>r. 425 

rnind, hrother^ this ^paragraph about my son & that you do 
not supply him with one farthing on my account, 

I find there is a great change in the ministry, & which 
you think may give a fairer opportunity for obtaining an 
equivalent for my being so abruptly & unreasonably 
dismist from both my governments. I wish it may ; & 
shall be oblig'd to you & any other of my friends that 
may indeavour to have justice done me. But of this 
matter I conceive but slender hopes. I am alwayes 

Your hearty friend & loving bro. J. B. 

Milton, April 22, 1742. 

Let what I have lin'^ in yr I"'' be copy*^ & sent to my son. 

Debuke. Philips. 


HoNO'''''' Sir, — I have yours of 23 ins^ Bl — d— n & 
K — n are both gone to the dogs.*" The next ship may 
bring the same account of N — c — tie, & my friends tell 
me this great change will give a turn in favour of your 
old friend in some way or manner ; but how I am not 
able to guess. It is too soon to make a third attempt 
about the Line, yet I am full of faith that such a thing 
will be practis'd ere long, so grossly ignorant or unjust 
a settlement cannot hold long. Can't you sell all you 
have in N. H. for good bonds at interest, pluck up stakes, 
come to Stroud Water & be a Massachusetts man, & so 
escape the tyranny & bondage you are like to live under ? 
And a while hence go home, Massachusett agent for a 
new settlement. What Granada & his senators have 
agreed to on the west side of Merrimake will make fine 
work. Now & then some of the grantees of the new 

* The meaning here is obscure. Belcher probabh' thought that Bladen was involved 
in the downfall of Sir Robert Walpole, but he continued to hold his seat at the Board of 
Trade until his death in 1746. K n may stand for Benjamin Keene, a recently ap- 
pointed Lord of Trade. — Eds. 



townships come to talk with me, & I tell them they are 
mad to ask for grants or confirm''', but onely forthe bene- 
fits of jurisdiction, & I find the notion is got among most 
of them. I expect soon to hear of the fixing of your 
civil officers. Pray is Yorkshire made agent by the whole 
Court ? & is he paid for his past services ? AVould you cry 
if he should finally reap his father's reward? I find a back- 
wardness in my Dustman."^ He is to be with me o' Mun- 
day, & my next will tell you his conclusion ; so you must 
till then wave the matter wdtli Khodomantado. But it 
will be a difficult thing to get any body to furnish the 
dust (tliai inecious blood), k there's no stirring an inch 
-without it. Nothing is so giddy as a multitude. Tommy 
Hutchinson w^as wretchedly treated when he went, & 
had not gain'd half his passage before his Hotspur im- 
ployers grew cold & did all they could to clog him ; & I 
suppose he is now 5 or 600 <£ out of pocket & may never 
get a farthing of it ; that I would advise no friend to go 
off the spot without a very handsome suiii in hand, be- 
cause all publick affairs are attended with so much fickle- 
ness & uncertainty. If we hope to succeed in any one 
thing money, money must be secur'd. I am well inform'd the 
late alterations in the two provinces have cost large money, 
which must in a little time be paid, & some folks w^ill 
squeak. It's generally thut Trinkalo's not w^orth a louse 
& will soon be a squeaker. / liave some thots, I say, I have 
some thols, and therefore recurr you to my letter of 24 
Aug'* for your framing an expostulation from the topicks 
there mention'd, & as a stimulus to your dispatch of it 
I would mention that you are now set at leisure as w^ell 
as myself, & mine shall alwayes be readily imploy'd to 
your advantage. Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

INIiLTON, April 30, 1742. 

* John Vassall. — Eds. 



Sir, — I am favour d with yours of 30^^ ult^ & 7^^ psent. 
You may depend the late Sir R. (now Earl of 0.) will 
hug himself in an entire exile from the King's presence, 
if his head may stand where it does. An enrag'd nation 
must not be bubbl'd with mock changes or farces. When 
I have any thing worthy your knowing, you may depend 
on communications till you say you are tir'd with it. By 
the same partial, arbitrary proceeding no doubt they 
might at the time have got down to Charles River. I 
remember my grave thoughts & advice to you about 
plucking up stakes. However {rebus sic stantibus), if you 
could gain a price & payment (or security of it) to your 
mind I solidly believe you might in time do much better 
for yourself & family in this Province than you ever can 
where you are, even tho' a turn should come exactly to 
your inclination. I have no doubt from Falmouth you 
might soon come Representative, then to the Council, 
then an Agent. As Lord Wilmington lately said to my 
friends, Things must cool a little, & I shall be ready to serve M' 
Belcher. So must things do as to the late settlement of 
the Line. 

I will take care somebody shall demand two or three 
copies of the Vote you mention, of which a good use may 
be made. I shall be glad the Massachusetts proprietors 
may have secur'd Livermore & Parker. 

My teams, my ploughs, my axes, my hoes, my milk 
pails, &c^ are daily on duty with a quondam Gov'' for their 
Capf" General, yet you find I steal from 'em all to attend 
your motions. I shall therefore take it unkindly to write 
me another excuse in delay of what I have desir'd of your 
assistance in an expostulation with M — j — sty, nor must 
you trifle or banter me with saying the thing is out of 


your sphere, for I know you to be capable, & therefore 
again insist upon it. 

/ have more thoughU than I can comrnimicate in a short 
letter. My Dustmcm* din'd with me twice last week. I 
think I have fixt him ; he seems pleas'd & holds himself 
highly oblig'd for being let into the scheme ; tells me his 
estate left him the last year £1700 st'' neat at London, & 
he expects it may this year remit £2000 more, so the 
dust will not be wanting. I have promis'd him my letters 
& every other assistance in my power. He is something 
fickle in his temper, but I'll endeavour to keep him 
steady; he has promis'd me to sail by the last of next 
month. And now w^hat can you do on your part to help 
to speed the plough ? The opportunity seems to be 

As to the Painter, I don't think he'll be able to do any 
great matters or to hurt his brother of the quill, not but that 
he would attempt any thing. 

The matter of D — stm — n is a dead secret, & must be 
so ; you must bestir yourself in every way you can, to be 
ready for his departure in 6 or 7 weeks at furthest. If 
my advices may be depended on, things will not long 
stand here or with you in their present situation. As 
matters will require dispatch, I order'd yours of 7*^ in- 
stant to be exprest to me this morning. Have you & 
every body else got your arrears from the Province ? I 
am Hono^'^ Sir, 

Yours, &c^ J. B. 

Milton, May 10*^, 1742. 

* Lieu* CoU John Vassall. — Note in the same hand as the body of the letter. 



Dear Sir, — I have yours of 21'* instant, & suppose 
this post carries a demand for copies of tlie Vote formerly 
mention'd. It would be very prudent for the Massachu- 
setts proprietors to have an agent or attorney on the 
watch to give them advice & copies of all that passes, & 
Livermore or Parker might do well for the service, but 
these things I cannot undertake, being at present so far 
& so much withdrawn from all business. A hint from 
you to M'' T. Hutchinson on this head would be proper. 
T know nothing but that my Dustman will proceed ac- 
cording to time, so your bill of parcels ought to be here 
even now. The latest advices from England say there 
was then no settlement in any of the publick offices since 
the change, but at the Treasury & Admiralty Boards ; 
that there were great commotions at Court ; things much 
unfixt and fluctuating, so no judgment can be made as 
to Bl — d — n, K — n, or any other particular persons. A 
committee of 21 of the Commons was appointed to ex- 
amine into the conduct of the late Prime Minister & others, 
which 't was thought would soon produce improvements. 
When I see Huske, I shall ask about the secret. I am 
told things stand very tottering at home as to the Learned, 
that Madam is dull, & it's suppos'd rubb'd off as not being 
able to stand the expence any longer. I am impatient 
for your hints in way of complaint or expostulation on 
the topicks I gave you many months ago, and (as I have 
said) shall take it very unldndly if you will not oblige me 
in the matter. Hono^^® Sir, 

Your friend and servant. J. B. 

Boston, May 24*^, 1742. 



Good Bkother, — My last was 22'^ ult' T Debiike, & 
its duplicate went V Pliillips, the contents whereof you 
will carefully observe. I have since that rec^ f Avis 
duplicate of yours f Prince, covering my acco", where 

you make the ballance in your favour £ as advis'd. 

I have paid M' Oliver the bill you drew formerly for 
£400 sf, & have accepted the other which came Y Avis 
for £400 more, & it shall be paid as fast as I possibly can. 
I am also flivour'd with yours of 26"' March f Fuller. 
And thank you for the very particular acco" of publick 
affairs, — I mean as to the great revolution at the British 
Court. I observe there are no new establishments but at 
the Treasury & Admiralt}^ Boards ; that things were much 
imfix'd & fluctuating, which stops you & your friends 
from any sollicitation at present on my acco^*'. Surely 
never was any gentleman treated more cruelly & barbar- 
ously ; & as you think the late change gives a hopeful! 
23rospect of doing something to my advantage, I pray you 
to watch the best opportunity of applying. If H. Pelham 
be remov'd the gent™ here who so basely supplanted me 
will have very little interest left. AYhy then should I 
not be restor'd ? which I am sure w^ould be a general joy 
to this Province. And if you think my coming over 
might reinstate me, or procure me some other handsome 
provision, God sparing my life, I would spend the next 
winter at Court. Therefore gravely & wiselj^ consider of 
this, and give me your opinion in the soonest season you 
conveniently can. The young gentleman at Dublin's be- 
haviour to me is of late so ungratefull & extravagantly 
wild that I can't bear to mention his name, but say again 
I will not pay to any person one farthing more on his 

1742.] TO PaCHAED WALDRON. 431 

acco"; so that any thing you supply him with is at your 
own risque. I am, Sir, 

Your friend and loving brother. J. B. 

Milton, May 27'^ 1742. 

^ Cap' Best. Cov<i by A. O. 


Dear Sir, — Yours of 28 ult' & 11 ins" came in their 
course. I suppose you have heard something from M"* 
Hutchinson, respecting the Vote you formerly mention'd. 
I don't understand your meaning in those words, tvliere is 
the safety in a multitude of Mass"" counselloiirs, k^^. The hints 
you give me about the grants of townships, (fe''^ would be 
good matter to work upon, & as I suppose M"" H. has 
began a correspondence with you, he will be the properest 
person to carry an end those things (as in my last). I 
am too much & too fir withdrawn from all business to 
undertake them. As to your bill of parcels, I agree your 
arrears should be first receiv'd & then I would draw my 
sword & burn the scabbard ; for my Dustman will have 
a dependance on all your assistance. I suppose your 
new emission is (by this time) ready for discharge of all 
the old arrears of the Province. I am exactly with you 
as to the way and manner of making a bold push on 
Granada ; yet a well cookt bill of parcels may be of 
great service in private cor^^versation with those near the 
candle ; and his illicit trade with Spain in naval stores, 
inabling that crown to build their powerful fleet, & now 
therewith to carry on a warr with Great Britain, I say, this 
should be one grand article, & that the late great v — 11 — n 
as a reward for Granada's villany (I had almost said 
treason) gave him a government. I take notice of the 
new establishment of the civil officers, & am sincerely 


sorry for poor Russel. Pray, who is Treasurer ? & who 
Judge of Probate ? The Coll'' you mention has a sort 
of mercury, but with it too much good nature ; he resents 
quick, but can't persevere. Mayn't the Capt^ be declar'd 
to be as you say, without the special assistance of a pro- 
phetical spirit ? I thank you for the well perform'd ex- 
postulation, for it is so, without flattery or complim^ I 
am apt to think I shall make out an opportunity to use 
it. As to news, the last ship, Adams, bro't none but that 
affairs at Whitehall were unsettled, unfixt, & very fluc- 
tuating. Perhaps we may hear that the Earl of — f — d 
is restor'd, & what will you say then? My Dustman, I 
repeat, is a fickle creature. I have not seen him for a 
long time, & am very doubtful about him ; yet am easy, 
because I am sure no time is lost, while all things are in 
flutter & confusion at Court. We must be patient, & in 
a little time may know whether the Dustman proceeds or 
not. Till then you must not lisp a word to Kittry^ or 
the painter, for it would be much to my dishonour if he 
finally goes. I am with real respect, Hono^'^ Sir, 

Your friend & serv*. J. B. 

Milton, Jane 14, 1742. 


Sir, — Yours of the 18 currant lyes before me. The 
correspondence M"" H. has begun with you is worth culti- 
vating. He is a young genf" of good powers & substance, 
& of good acquaintance t'other side, & may be very ser- 
viceable in affairs we are now enterprizing, which (in 
conjunction with you, &'^) I will heartily pursue. I wish 
you had your arrears to act more freely. The loon t is to 
be in the Treasury & Probate. The Capt° was alwayes a 

* Perhaps Col. William Pepperrell. —Eds. 
t George Jaffrey. — Eds. 

1742.] TO EICHARD WALDKON". 433 

fool (if not a rogne), & as his age advances his folly in- 
creases. Granada certainly wants m*" at home. I am 
glad some people have found eye salve. My quondam,* 
I suppose, is a greater fool than ever. Tell me something 
more about ColP W — nd — I'sf ship in your next & I'le 
set fire to a train that shall put him into a blaze. I 
think I may now tell you my Dustman grows steady, & 
last week resolv'd to take passage in one of the mast 
ships. By what he tells me, he will have at home 5 to 
six thousand guineys, and what knots may be difficult to 
untye he'll cut, which is easily done at Court with the 
edges of yellow boyes. I am much pleas'd with your 
new thot, that the propr''' of the new towns should raise 
£1000 strg. & toss you aboard one of the mast ships. I 
know our candidate would hug you as close as his skin ; 
nor could any person so serve the cause of the new 
towns, or that of the Dustman. I think we must be very 
cautious of talking with Kittry J since I now say as I do, 
-^I mean as to Excellency. Many a less v — 1 — n than 
the late§ has been broke upon the wheel, & as great 
have escapt with impunity. I am, &ca. 

Yrs. J. B. 

Milton, June 21, 1742. 


HoN^'''' Sir, — I am favour'd with yours of 25 currant, 
& carefully remark its contents. Besides the affair of the 
Dustman, I mean the clever thing you have propos'd 
about the proprietors of the sixty new towns. I am much 
pleas'd w^ith the prospect, but yet you must be sensible 

* Probably "my quondam landlord " (Henry Sherburne) is meant. — Eds. 
t Jacob Wendell. — Eds. 
t See note ante, p. 432. — Eds. 

§ The reference is probably to Sir Robert Walpole (now Earl of Orford). After Belcher 
was removed, he several times refers to Walpole with great bitterness. — Eds. 

, 55 


it's very difficult to put in practice ; the persons concern'd 
are so great a number. Altho' the suin you mention is 
but a trifle, yet I suppose many a man of 'em can't 
command 20/ to support his interest, & how tedious & 
dilatory a business would it be to get each set of propr*""^ 
together, or who will undertake to ride the circuit to col- 
lect from each single proprietor? These considerations 
make me doubt whether so fine a scheme can be brot to 
bear. However, I am determin'd to go to Boston this 
week & trye what can be done. As I have once & again 
said, no time is or can be lost for these six m°' to come, 
every ship still confirming the very unsettled state of 
matters at Court; besides so sudden applications for alter- 
ing things so recently done are not so likely to find the 
desir'd success, a still patiently waiting. For it cannot 
be consistent with the King's honour, nor with the honour 
of the Court, to chop & change so quick ; yet I would be 
full of attention to the things we intend, & be gaining 
friends & adherents as many as possible, & the account 
you give of my quondam * has a good aspect. Pray will 
Sam & yoimg H. handle their purse strings ? If we 
could get you to Whitehall, fine things might be put 
forward. Let me know when you are like to receive 
your arrears. I suppose Pierson is master of W — d — 's t 
ship, & capable of telling fine stories about Granada's 
treasonable trade, but you say the matter of his loading 
masts is husht at present. If the Don,. loon, ape, &'"'',:}: 
are carefully watcht, & a journal kept of their proceedings, 
I beleive they nia}^ be ea^^ily insnar'd. I don't know 
what to make of the Dustman, who still persists to go in 
one of the mast ships, but as I know him to be very 
fickle, & see no sort of preparation towards a voyage, 
these things make me very diffident ; yet I see noway 

* See ante, p. 433 , note. — Eds, 

t The name was first written "Wendell," and then disembowelled. — Eds. 

} Benning Wentworth, George Jaffrey, and Theodore Atkinson. — Eds. 


but waiting till the mast ships are sail'd. Rhodomantado 
was twice to see me. The letter you have from Maj'^ 
Jenners & Co. is a good thing. They are men of spirit 
& have a rich town to support the cause. Livermore & 
Parker must both be liberally fee'd, & so from time to 
time (as opportunities present) in favour of Massachus"'. 
As any thing new offers you shall constantly hear from 
me. Sir, 

Your assured friend. J. B. 

Milton, June 28, 1742. 

I wish the inclosed might get along by ColP West- 
brook, or any other way you can find. Perhaps Coll° 
Pepperil cou'd forward it. 


HoNO^^^ Sir, — I have been duly favour'd with yours of 
the 2 & 9 instant. Take it from a sincere friend, no cloud 
hovers over you without contracting my anxious brow. In 
short, I grieve with you in every grief, & your every joy 
exhilirates & sets my spirits upon the galloj^. Grant 
God! thro' riches of mercy in Christ Jesus that these 
afflictions which for the present are not joyous, but grie- 
vous, may work out for you a far more exceeding & eternal 
weight of glory ; so will the withering of the late blossom 
adorn the tree from whence it sprung. Amen. 

Your ingenious thots for a proper prosecution of some 
affairs, that might retrieve the difficulties of many of my 
friends & raise their drooping heads, interrupted my 
darling solitude, & makes me wish at turns that I was 
not so far & so much remov'd from all business ; yet I 
must upon the whole repeat, I cannot undertake the busi- 
ness of the new townships, & this I say on such reasons 
as would perfectly satisfye you. Could we but be half an 


hour face to face, & this you talkt of 6 or 8 m''' agoe, & 
what if you should make an incog excursion to Milton 
for a day or two ? to ride mostly in a late evening & an 
early morning. I have not, however, been intirely un- 
thutful of your suggestions, but since my last have made 
two trips from my cottage to the great city of Boston, 
& communicated all your tho'ts (& my own) to the 
gent"" who went to London in favour of these grants,* 
upon which he said he despair'd of getting the propri""' 
together, & still more (if it could be done) of obtaining 
the iiniim from them, even to a small sum, and that he 
was at this day £700 out of pocket for them, which he 
expected to lose. I also talkt on the same head with a 
very leading member of the House of the present Repre- 
sentatives, & altho he was heartily with us, as one greatly 
interested (I mean in many of the towns) yet he w^as far 
from being sanguine as to any success about the neces- 
sary. I am as sensible as you can be pf what importance 
it was & is to retain the two harpies,t but the thing is 
just as I tell you, & what can be said more ? Point 
d'argent. I thank you for copy of the Vote. You may 
be sure I shall not put you upon the difficulty of getting 
it into the publick prints with remarks, nor myself, but 
once more must excuse myself from this ivhole affair, J 
have but faint hopes about the Dustman, tho' he still 
persists in going with the mast convoy. I should be pleas'd 
he would n't, & that Kittry would a while hence ; but as 
things are still in the greatest hurly burly & confusion, I 
could advise no friend to stride the Atlantick at present. 
The restoration or advancement of my cozen Butler does 
truly surprize me. Pray what's to be done for the Pre- 
tender's tanner? What a clean thing would it be for 
Granada to obtain the order he speaks of! Sam More's 
farce must make good diversion. The Cap' will be a fool 

* Thomas Hutchinson. — Eds. 

t The two lawyers, Matthew Livermore and William Parker. — Eds. 


to the end of life. You must not (I think) give C'' to the 
report of an agent for the new towns, &''''. I should joye 
to see you in my lonesome, chearfull retirement. I am 
often pleas' d with applying to myself that of one of the 
Cynicks, Nunquam minus solus, qiiam cum solus. Sir, 

Your friend & most obed*. J. B. 

Milton, July 12, 1742. 



Sir, — Your favour of 23 present is before me, & I 
particularly remark its contents. Since my last things 
have taken a turn contrary to my fears. You'l find a 
large advertisem' in one of the publick prints for a meet- 
ing of the proprief^ of the new townships 2*^ Septem"" next 
at Boston. I now beleive they are pretty well alarm'd, 
& are in earnest preparing for warr. The Dustman din'd 
with me twice the last week, & is come to a peremp- 
tory, steady resolution of imbarking in one of the mast 
ships, w'' he supposes may sail in about a month ; & 
to convince you that he is thorrowly in earnest, this is a 
forerunner to tell you he intends to be at Portsm"" on 
Friday or Saturday next to take his passage in which of 
the ships he likes best, & with him goes to Portsm° my 
kinsman M"" Foye, one of the agents for the town of 
Charlestown, & also M" Jer. Allen (my good friend as well 
as his brother). He & his brother are considerably inter- 
ested in the new towns, & will do their share in defence 
of the title, & will throw their full weight into the scheme 
you have projected & had began to plan out for new 
modelhng, &'\ It will be wisest for the three gent"^ I 
have mention'd to make their first complim*' to Granada, 
altho' they go purely to hold a consulta" with you. I 
need not say with how much respect & kindness you will 
treat them, they are stanch & hearty in our interest, & 


the Dustman much pleas'd with my mentionmg that you 
should go with him, & to be continually at his elbow, 
tho he exprest some fears least you should put up for 
yourself, but I have assur'd him he might most sacredly 
depend on your friendship and probity to assist him night 
& day for bringing his marks to bear ; & in order to it he 
assur'd me he would not begrutch to scatter his dust 
freely. I tliink he'll be ready to do something handsome 
to promote your going, and many of the proprietors begin 
to mention you pretty freely to go as their agent. A fine 
thing it will be if it can be accomplisht, & you must 
exert & do what you conveniently can for your own 
better support, tho, considering a wife & children & you 
near 50% I must honestly advise not to be too free with 
your own money, even whether things can be done or not. 
If you go, & upon the best judgment you can make when 
you get there should encourage me to come to you 
(God sparing my life) I might imbark in the spring. Your 
intended visiters are to dine with me again to-morrow, & 
to take my particular letter to you in their favour. On 
their return you'll be better able to say when I shall em- 
brace you at my cottage, where you'l find a plain, rustick 
but hearty w^elcome. Could the clan think the D"" such 
a simpleton as to be pleas'd with being kickt up stairs ? 
No, he loves money beyond all other things, & I am 
well pleas'd they have piqu'd him. Without any sort of 
compliment, I remain, Hono^^^ Sir, 

Yours, k'\ J. B. 

Milton, July 26, 1742. 


Sir, — I did not think of answering yours of 18*^ ult\ 
which did but own the receit of mine of 16*^ same month, 
but that I am uro-'d to it from the result of two meetin2:s 
of the propr'' of the new townships, at which you. Coll. 


Yassall, & M"" Palmer were chosen to be agents for the 
pj^Qpprs ^^ ^Yie Court of Great Britain. Upon this event 
I think it absolutely necessary to have an interview with 
you at my cottage. I say, all your affairs must subside 
& give way for 48 hours, or perhaps three days. There's 
a fine moon, & better travelling than by sun, & your 
brother agent expresses this to you by M"" Pierpoint, who 
will wait upon you hither. Pray make no excuses on so 
favourable a conjuncture for prosecuting your own darling 
projection. I am always 

Yours. J. B. 

Milton, Septr 3^, 1742. 
B.y John Pierpoint. 


Sir, — My last was 3P* ult^ ^ Hall, in which I advis'd 
of Coll. John Vassall's intending to Great Britain. Since 
that he has been chosen an agent (in company with 
Eichard Waldron & Eliakim Palmer, Esq'"') to defend the 
rights of the propr""' of thirty odd townships that fall to 
the northward of the line betwixt Massachusetts & New 
Hampshire (as lately determin'd by his Majesty in Coun- 
cil). Coll. Vassall is a gent™ of a fine fortune, with the 
advantage of the best education this part of the world 
affords. He is descended from very worthy ancestors, 
some of the first patentees of this country. As the 
propr''' have done him the honour of choosing him to re- 
present them at the Court of Great Britain, he is deter- 
min'd to prosecute that affair in their favour to the utmost 
of his power. His estate lyes in sugar plantations in the 
island of Jamaica, where he has put it under the best 
regulation, & on his return intends to settle in New 
England, if he can obtain some post of honour at Court 
worthy his acceptance ; and what he aims at he will com- 
municate to you on his arrivall. And I now recommend 


him to you in the warmest manner, to assist him by your- 
self & friends, both in his agency and what else he will men- 
tion to you, to the utmost of your power. As the propr''^ 
of the towns have not got the necessary papers to go by 
him, they must follow by M"" Waldron, with such things 
also as may be use full to him in the prosecution of his other 
design ; so that I don't expect he can make any great 
progress 'till the proper papers get to his hands. I again 
desire you to treat him with all possible respect as one of 
my particular friends, and I shall take it as an instance 
of your esteem and friendship for, Sir, 

Your loving brother & real friend. J. B. 

Milton, Sepf 6'\ 1742. 
By CoP J. Vassall. 


Sir, — I find myself debtor to your several favours 
of Aug* 25% 3^ 5*^ & 10*^ instant, the first being from 
Falmouth, where you met Trinkalo. Dear Sir, I wish 
for your sake & your family's that things were brought 
to a head between CoF Westbrook et illud monstrmn Diaholi, 
k I wish it also on acco" of what I may say presently on 
the grand affair you have drawn me into. 

The sailing of the Dustman is an answer to your query 
of what is his real design. As he, M"" Foye, Allen, & 
Belcher have had a full conversation with you, it anti- 
cipates any particular answer of mine to your letters. 
However, I can't help animadverting on yours of 6"' 
curr*^ T Pierpoint, & if you think it worth while I would 
have you re-in:^pect my letters for some months past, 
w^herein I told you how much I was pleas'd & hug'd my- 
self in my retirement and solitude. They then were & con- 
tinue to be the genuine sentiments of my soul, k I think 
you might di>^cover in my letters a full coldness, if not an 
aversion, to lift my head into the publick world again. 


However, you dragg'd me into the present scheme, of 
which you seem'd to me fond enough, & once & again 
express'd your forwardness to imbark with our Dustman, 
could you command & spare £1000 st^ Your warm let- 
ters following me, one on the back of another, made me 
resolve to rouse from my ease & quiet, & once more vex 
myself with affairs to which I thought I had bid a final 
adieu. I say therefore when I consider'd these things, & 
compar'd your former letters with that by Pierpoint I was 
truly surpriz'd to see you put on so many grave airs & 
lay so many blocks in the way, tho' not one new reason 
for altering the resolutions in your former letters. Did 
you not all along know ? 

That it was nothing to you who settled the new 

That if you engag'd in the scheme you had laid you 

must deny yourself the ease & advantage of an 

attention to your own affairs. 
That Co? Westbrook's matters with Trinkalo were & 

are as they are. 
That you had not had the small pox, k""^. 
I say, if you knew all this, to repeat the vulgar ex- 
pression in yours, how came it to pass, after the matter 
is got so well forward, that you incline to piss backward ? 
But I'll wave these things, & be sorry if I have toucht 
you too near, by imagining you fickle or inconstant in so 
grand an affair as attempting to turn your microcosm topsy 
turvy. And now, Sir, I am steady to my point, that I will 
by no means consent to your stirring one step without a 
thousand pounds sterling actually in hand, not subjected 
to quid nuncs, ifs or ands, k""^ ; & the certainty of this grand 
article cannot be known 'till the next proprietary meeting 
(3*^ Nov""). And now, Sir, you must be so free & honest 
with me as to tell me whether you intend to proceed if 
the money be put into your hands (as propos'd) ? Upon 
your answer to this, & that you do not intend to go, I 



^vill grub my pen, & use it no more on what I may fairly 
call a trifling subject, if so it ends. But if you resolve to 
go, let me beg of you for your family's sake to endeavour 
night & day to bring CoP Westbrook's matters to a final 
settlement. If you go, I suppose you'll be supported 
with recommendations equal to what any gent"" ever 
carry'd from this country. Whatever you may say to 
me of your fixt resolution I would not have known to 
any mortal else. 

May I expect to see you at my lowly cottage & when ? 
I return the letter you calculated some time ago for M"" 
H — n. With my high regards to Mad"" Waldron, I am, 
Hono^^^ Sir, 

Yours as you know. J. B. 

Milton, Sepf 20'^, 1742. 



Sir, — The post brings me your favour of 26*^ instant, 
for which I thank you, & for the intelligences of various 
kinds. I can hardly think the King will go to Flanders ; 
if he does, then a French war. £100 sf is a poor petit 
business indeed for 12 years service. Your Assembly, I 
see, is carrying on a session in the old way. How will 
your people struggle through the weight of their taxes ? 
Why is Granada so spitefull at his uncle ? You say it's 
thought old Joshua * is going the way of all the earth. I 
generally lookt upon him as honest as such a simpleton 
could be. I am glad to hear your ministers hold their in- 
tegrity. As to the outcries, I am at some loss what to say, 
but don't lose my charity. You have oblig'd me in a very 
sensible manner with the sight of dear M" Sherburne's 
letter, for so he really is to me. I think him a lovely crea- 
ture, and an astonishing instance of sovereign, rich, free 

* Joshua Pcirce. He died in the following February. — Eds. 


grace.* When you see him, give him my sincere respects. 
1 return his letter, & you will not be angry at my taking 
a copy. The inclosed should have gone the last post. 
Coming hither on a visit a fevf days ago, the storm has 
detain'd me to this time, & gives me the pleasure of 
answering yours by this post in the better time. I salute 
you, your lady, & family with much respect, being always, 
Hono''^^ & Dear Sir, 

Your friend and servant. J. B. 

Boston, Nov^ 29*^ 1742. 


Most honoured and noble Lord, — It is a long 
time since I did myself the great honour of addressing 
your Lordship. Indeed, the different situation I am now 
in from that I enjoy 'd by his Majesty's grace and favour 
when I last had the honour of writing to your Lordship 
brought such a damp upon my spirits that 'till now I have 
not recover'd courage to approach your Lordship in this 
manner. But when I consider my severe hard case in 
being remov'd from the government of two of his 
Majesty's provinces, after I had so faithfully supported 
the honour of the Crown in exact conformity to his 
Majesty's royal orders to me, I say, I hope your Lordship 
in your great goodness and humanity will pardon me 
Avhile I can no longer forbear laying before your Lord- 
ship the sufferings of myself & family upon this extraor- 
dinary change. 

It is well known, my Lord, in how great business I 
was in the mercantile way when his Majesty distinguisht 
me by the great honour & respect of giving me his com- 
missions for the governmt. of two of his provinces, & 

* Although Governor Belcher expressed, the most inconsistent opinions with regard to 
the character of individuals, it seems scarcely possible that this description could have been 
meant for Henry Sherburne, " old Brittle." It may have been intended for Henry's son, 
Samuel. — Eds, 


which necessarily hiicl me aside from all other ways of 
life or opportunities of making provision for my family. 
Nor can your Lordship (or any of the King's ministers) 
he a stranger to the strict integrity and fidelity with 
which I pursu'd his Majesty's royal orders, and for so 
doing the Assemblies here were always contending with 
me, & kept my support so lovy & mean that I was oblig'd 
from year to year to sink considerable of my private for- 
tune. But as to this article things were grown & grow- 
ing better, and I had a fair prospect of being handsomely 
supported for the future. These things being consider'd, 
the sudden, unexpected supersedeas of my commissions 
renders the case of myself & family melancholy & distress- 
ing & makes me a humble suitor for your Lordship's com- 
passion on me & on my children, & that I may have some 
suitable provision or equivalent made me for the loss 
of my two commissions. When Coll. Shute, one of my 
predecessors, was remov'd from the same governm*^ he 
had a pension of £400 a year out of the Exchequer. 

I have desir'd my friends to wait upon your Lordship, 
and to beg the honour of putting this into your Lord- 
ship's hands, and to pray your Lordship's leave of laying 
the state of my very hard case before his Majesty. And 
I again humbly beg your Lordship to allow me to hope 
for your Lordship's favour & countenance in such way 
and manner as your Lordship shall think proper & suitable 
for a gentleman that has had the honour to represent his 
Majesty as Gov"" of two of his provinces. So shall I, & so 
shall my children, always pray for your Lordship's long 
life and health, and that you may stand before his 
Majesty in still more exalted honour, as the reward of so 
great & superiour merit. I am with the most profound 
respect & duty, my Lord, 

Your Lordship's most f^xithfull, most obedient & most 
devoted serv'. J. B. 

Milton (in Xew England), Deer 20'^\ 1740. 

(Telladge to Bristol. Philips to London.) 

1742-3.] TO RICHARD WALDRON. 445 


SiRj — I duly rec'* your favour of 10*^ Sept'' last from 
Falmouth, and which I should have own'd before this, but 
that I was willing to see the upshot of the several meet- 
ings of the propri'"^ of the townships which by the late 
settlement fall without the bounds of this Province, and 
those meetings were not over 'till the 16*^ instant; their 
proceedings & final result I suppose will be sent you by 
such of your friends as attended them. The issue is so 
mean & scandalous that I leave the particulars to be 
handed you by their care, and they will doubtless tell you 
who has secretly sapt the foundation of this fine scheme 
& intirely destroy'd it. So there's an end of your agency 
with Waldron's & Palmer's. I am sorry on yours & their 
acco% but more so for the proprietors. I hope this will 
find you well at London (after a pleasant passage) where 
I heartily wish you success in all your laudable enter- 
prizes. Capt** Pearson is going from Portsmouth to 
Jamaica & London, where I believe he & M'' Jaques 
may be made very serviceable. 
With my repeated wishes for your prosperity, I am, Sir, 
Your friend and most humble servant. 

J. B. 

Milton, Dec^ 20*^1, 1742. 

(Telladge to Bristol. Phillips to London.) 


HoNO^^'^ Sir, — I have now the pleasure of owning the 
receit of yours of 7*^ instant. In my last I was deter- 

* Lieut.-Col. John Vassall was born in the West Indies Sept. 7, 1713, graduated at Har- 
vard College in 1732, and died in Cambridge, Nov. 27, 1747. He was a wealthy and influ- 
ential man, and twice represented Cambridge in the House of Representatives. See New 
England Hist, and Geneal. Register, vol. xvii. pp. 114, 115 ; Paige's History of Cambridge, 
pp. 674, 675.— Eds. 

446 THE BELCHER PAPERS. 1742-3. 

min'd to have done wondring at any thing ; yet I cannot 
hold my resolution upon such elucidations as you present 
me with. How strangely is the scene chang'd from the 
time of paying £G00 a year (half yearly tho' by law) was 
call'd a grievance. If the loan succeeds the whole people 
& their posterity for a century may be set down for 
slaves to their present lords & to their offspring. I have 
often wisht it were any w^ay feasable for you to get into 
this Province. 

I believe Granada has no reason to fear from the spring 
advices. The wild cat I am afraid will be bought & sold 
by Sancho, the Painter & Yorkshire just as may suit their 

You judg'd worthy yourself to have no conversation or 
communication with a footman, tho' you know Sancho 
was so mean as to treat my coachman & footman as his 
companions. I like well the attempt about York County 
(Province of Main to be sav'd) & to stipulate in lieu thereof 
that all grants on the Line be confirm'd to Massachusetts. 
This, you remember, is something like w^hat N. H. Coun- 
cil address'd for 4 or 5 years ago, but that w\as so much 
more in favour of New Hampshire as that the County of 
York should be annext to New Hampshire, and now it's 
propos'd to be a Province by itself; & happy w^ould it be 
for this Province if it could be accomplisht. What has it 
been but one constant plague k immense charge to this 
people ? & must be so for a century to come, and most of 
the lands are under private claims, and what are not can 
only be granted by this Assembly, to be confirm'd (or not) 
by the Crown. Such an event, I say, would be just cause 
for a Te Deum to this Province, k you must know Trin- 
kalo is quite frantick & agonizing for fear of it. Wou'dn't 
it be clever to have him & his paradise under the tyranny 
of one fit only to govern in Pandoemonium ? As to the 
manner of support for it, that's another affair, and in 
wdiich the Painter has so daub'd himself as that his best 

1743.] TO ANDREW BELCHER. 447 

friends are not able to lick him clean, so that attempt 
yields its good fruit. You may depend Trinkalo is in- 
velopt & harrast with all the perplexities & distresses 
his worst enemies can wish him ; nor is the Learned 
able to extricate him, tho' he does all (& strange things) 
to keep his head above water. As to the delegates you 
know more of that matter than I do. It's generally 
thought the Learned quasht the whole affair for fear of 
your going. However, I never had any faith in their 
raising the money. I have thought on your suspension 
and dismission. Of the former, no doubt the Don has 
power by his instructions ; but he is not to dismiss any 
from civil office, but with advice & consent of Council, 
according to the inclosed instruction. What has been 
done heretofore can't avail. A blot's no blot 'till it's 

I thank you for wishing me the blessings of a new year, 
and return it into your bosom for yourself & flimily. From 
the 8*^ of this month I am posting to 62. 0, Eternal 
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, breath in Thy divine energy 
upon my soul that the few remaining moments of my life 
may be diligently employ'd to bring honour & glory to 
the great name of my Creatour, Preserver, & mighty 

I am with great respect to you & to your lady, Sir, 

Your affectionate friend. J. B. 

From my lowly cottage at Milton, Janu* 22^, 1742/3. 


My dear Son, — Billy brought me yours with the acco" 
of M'"' Remington's death, which his letter also told me, 
& that her funeral is intended to-morrow, which I shall 
endeavour to attend. 


I am much concern' d for the lo.>s of your place in the 
Aclmu'alty Court. I think I can truly say, more than I 
was upon hearing of my own supersedeas. I pray God to 
support you under it, & by this dark providence teach 
you the uncertainty & mutability of all human affairs; & 
may God carry up your thoughts on this occasion to 
Himself, and show you that there can be no true happi- 
ness or satisfiiction short of a fixed, saving interest in the 
favour & mercy of God, through Jesus Christ, His blessed 
Son, the only Saviour of poor lost man. If this melan- 
choly scene lead you into a realizing sense of these things, 
it will prove the happiest article of your life. God, of 
His infinite mercy in Jesus Christ, so make it. Amen. 
Your other small place will be some help, and we must 
be thinking how to improve the little stock you have in 
the best manner. I shall always stand ready to do every 
thing in my power to assist & comfort you, for I am, 
dear Andrew, 

Your very affectionate father. J. B. 

Milton, April 20^ 1743. 


HoNO^'" Sir, — Your favours of 7'^ & 15'^ ins** came to 
hand in their course. Doubtless what the Teagues have 
been doing in the wilderness must alarm the clan. I find 
so many instances of rusticity & ingratitude among the 
general herd of mankind that I am not at all surpriz'd at 
what you repeat to me of Madam's dangler. The Captain, 
I see, keeps on in his old way. " Can the Ethiopian 
change his skin or the leopard his spots? Then may 
those that are accustom'd to do evil learn to do well." I 
pity the poor Lieut, chain'd to a dreadfull vixen & doom'd 
to perpetual slavery. 


My quondam landlord,* you say, seems to be dragging 
a crazy carcase to the grave, & that soon. I think him 
an honest man, & he has my very good wishes. Not- 
withstanding all count last efforts, it is the general opin- 
ion that nothing can retrieve his imbarrast, invelopt 
affairs, and that his Eastern Paradise must compleat 
him.t I thank you for what intelligence you gather'd 
& sent me, out of Adams, since which Hall is arriv'd, 
& confirms Yorkshire's going into the country for his 
health ; that there's no present prospect of a French 
war or of a Spanish peace ; that the Parliament has 
given an ample, generous supply; that Lord Wilming- 
ton (prime favourite & minister) was gone to Bath in 
a poor state of health. And now for matters of this & 
your Province. 

I have no interest & but a very slender acquaintance 
with the present Surveyour.t I never had an instruction 
for impressing men for the King's ships, nor do I suppose 
there ever was such an instruction given to any Gov''. It 
would, indeed, be the most extraordinary thing that ever 
happen'd within the name or sound of English governm*. 
So far from that, all impressing is by connivance, & is an 
odious thing to an Englishman. There have been attempts 
often to get an act of Parliament in favour of impressing, 
but it could never be obtain'd, & at this day in England 
if a press-gang kills a man they are try'd as murderers; 
but if the people they are after happen to kill any of 
them, they pass no tryal. 

I am told the Painter & Dustman are in close acquaint- 
ance, and that the latter scatters his dust to the former ; 
that the wild-cat was preparing for inoculation, & was 
in treaty for Sancho's surveyourship. 0, dreadfull that 

* Henry Sherburne. — Eds. 

t This reference is probably to Waldo, and not to Sherburne. —Eds. 

J John Peagrum, who had long held the office of Surveyor-General of Customs, had 
been superseded, some months before the date of this letter, by Thomas Lechmere, the son- 
in-law of Wait Winthrop. — Eds. 




that poor, empty songster should be of his Majesty's 

As I know you to be my close friend & close mouth'd, 
I will answer what you askt of me in one of your late 
letters. For six or eight months past many of my friends 
have been urging me once more to look into publick life, 
to which my constant answer has been that I am posting 
to the set period of human life, and, that if I know my 
own heart, I had rather spin out what few days God in 
the secret of His providence may have allotted me in my 
present rural retir'd way than undergo the hazards & 
fatigues of passing the Atlantick, and after that the kill- 
ing fatigues of a Court sollicitation. Yet they are still 
importunate with me, & upon the receit of my letters 
by these ships I seem to give way ; and for my encour- 
agement they have all along told me the voyage 
should cost me nothing, but that they would among them 
raise a thousand pounds sterling (which is indeed but a 
modicum). I am not yet come to any certain resolution 
or answer. As I rank you with my dear oracle (Cam- 
bridge), I much want to talk an hour or two with you on 
so important an article of my life. About sixteen months 
ago, you spoke of an excursion this way. As a farmer 
I know you can't well leave your husbandry this week or 
next, but perhaps you might some time the next month 
come & mortify yourself for a short time at my cottage, 
tho' I must tell you, if the thing should be concluded to 
be feasible, yet I have the same thoughts as I had 
on your acco" that the matter will issue in an abortion 
for want of the tininn, for it's common for people to talk 
big & shrink into mushrooms. I am with an indelible 
respect. Sir, 

Yours. J. B. 

Milton, April 25^^^, 1743. 



Sir, — I wrote you the 8*^ ult' T Ellis, and since that I 
have T Hall & Cunningham your letters of 23*^ Nov'' & 
16*^ Febru^ last, with a list of the bonds my son (J. B.) 
has given you at one time & at another ; the last of 5*^ 
Sept'', 1741, for £181. list'', you say, is condition'd to 
be paid by himself, without the mention of my name. 
Prat/, does he oive you this sum on his own acco^K exclusive of 
all the monies you have paid & supply^ d him with, & chary d to 
me ? If he does, it still accumulates his uncommon pro- 
digality & lavishness of money. I am afraid he is but in 
a poor starving way in Ireland. And how can he then 
under his difficulties & distresses keep up such a wicked 
spirit of disobedience & ingratitude to a father that has 
been kind and fond beyond all reasonable bounds? It 
is now 20 months since I have had a line from him. 0, 
monster of inyratitude ! I cannot bear to own him for my 
son ; nor is he worthy to be call'd your nephew. 

I am greatly troubled, brother, that it has not been 
in my power to this day to discharge your bill of £400 st" 
in favour of M" A. Oliver, but so it is, that neither my 
friends, nor I, have been able to sell off any parts of my 
estate, either in Boston or in the country, to enable me 
to pay that bill & the remainder of your ballance, altho' 
we are all of us every day endeavouring to make sales. 
This is the plain truth, & all I can say to the matter at 

I am sorry Col^ Yassall had not fallen in with you for a 
part of his business from Jamaica, but I perceive he has 
put all into the hands of M'* E. Palmer. I thank your 
respect to M'^ 0. Noyes, who I hope will do well. I am 
much concern'd for my son A. B.'s loss of his place in the 
Admiralty Court, it being his main support, and this, I 
atn told, was done a month before you knew any thing of 


the matter. I shall be glad you & his other friends may 
be able to get him restor'd, tho' I tell him he must 
hardly maintain a hope of it, for I can't see it consistent 
with the honour of the Crown, or w^ith that of its officers, 
to thrust persons out & suddenly to restore them. Yet I 
shall take it very kindly if you'll endeavour to serve him 
in this or in any other way. 

I shall write a distinct letter in answer to what in yours 
relates to my appearing once more at Court,* and am in 
the mean time, Sir, 

Your loving brother. J. B. 

Milton, May 3^ 1743. 
^ Bonner. Ellis. 

* Belcher wrote but one letter to his brother-in-law by this conveyance; and in the two 
letters to Partridge copied into the Letter Book, May 16 and June 14, there is no reference 
to his proposed voyage to England. He embarked for London March 10, 1743-4, in the 
ship Polly, Captain Goad. (See The Boston Weekly News-Letter, March 15, 1744.) The 
voyage had been planned for a long time ; and in August, 1743, it was reported that he 
was about to embark in the mast ships. See letter of Rev. Dr. Colman, in 2 Mass. Hist. 
Coll. vol. ii. p. 186. —Eds. 




FEOM JAN. 23, 1733-4, TO APRIL 21, 1735, AND FROM AUG. 24, 1739, 


Jan. 23. Speech to New Hampshire House of Representatives. 
— [Printed in New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. 
pp. ^m, 667.] 

Jan. 28. To Francis Harrison. — On personal matters. 

Jan. 28. To Henry Sherburne. — Thanks for civilities received 
at Portsmouth. 

Jan. 29. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. — [Printed in 
the New-England Weekly Journal, Feb. 4.] 

Jan. 31. To Richard Waldron. — A few lines on New Hamp- 
shire affairs. 

Jan. 31. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the collection of debts due 
to him in Connecticut and the management of the Simsbury 

Jan. 31. To Eleazer Aspinwall. — About the payment of his 

Feb. 2. To Richard Partridge. — Remits bills of exchange to 

Feb. 2. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — Complaints about the 
people of Pomfret. Has no inclination to sell his estate at 

Feb. 2. To Col. John Chandler. — Wishes to have an appraise- 
ment of his " estate at Mortlake, being in all 3760 acres." 

Feb. 4. To the Bishop of London. — A note of thanks for fa- 
vors to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

456 APPEXDIX. [1733-4. 

Feb. 4. To Horace Walpole. — To the same purport. 

Feb. 4. To Sir Nathaniel Lloyd. — Wishes his influence in fa- 
vor of the election of Jonathan Belcher, Jr., to a Fellowship 
in Trinity Hall, Cambridge. 

Feb. 4. To Rev. George Reynolds. — Relative to obtaining a 
qualification for Jonathan Belcher, Jr., as a candidate for 
Parliament from the borough of Tamworth. 

Feb. 4. To the Bailiffs and Capital Burgesses op Tamworth. 
— Relative to the candidacy of Jonathan Belcher, Jr. " He 
tells me that a great part of the manufacture of Tamworth 
is in yard wide cloths, of 4/, 5/, & 6/ a yard, of consider- 
able fineness. I shall therefore make it my care to incour- 
age the consumption of that manufacture among our British 
merchants & traders, and hope e'er long to procure orders to 
M^ Partridge of London for some value in those goods to be 
sent hither." 

Feb. 6. To Richard Partridge. — On the same subject. 

Feb. 6. To Fisher Jackson. — About plants sent to him, and 
plants and seeds received from him. 

Feb. 6. To John Jackson. — On personal matters. 

Feb. 11. To Joseph Pitkin. — About a proposed sale of his 
Meriden farm. 

Feb. 11. To Richard Waldron. — A short letter, mostly on 
affairs in New Hampshire. 

Feb. 11. To Rev. Stephen Parker. — About the delivery of a 
letter to Lieutenant Bradbury. 

Feb. 11. To Capt. John Minot. — About the sale of rum to the 
Indians, etc. 

Feb. 11. To Capt. Benjamin Larrabee. — Of similar purport. 

Feb. 11. To Capt. James Woodside. — About the defenceless 
condition of Fort Frederick, and the importance of guarding 
against a surprise. 

Feb. 11. To Capt. John Giles. — About indemnity from the 
Indians for damage done to Mr. Yaughan, and guarding 
against a surprise. 

Feb. 12. To Messrs. Waters. — Regrets that he has not been 
able to pay what he owes them. 

Feb. 14. To Richard Waldron. — About his enemies and New 
Hampshire affairs. 

Feb. 16. To Col. Thomas Westbrook. — Cautions him to be on 



his guard against any surprise, " for there can be no trust 
to our tawny neighbours." 

Feb. 17. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. — [Printed in 
the New-England Weekly Journal, Feb. 18.] 

Feb. 14. To Henry Newman. — Friendly greetings, etc. 

Feb. 18. To Lord Wilmington. — Wishes to have Lieutenant- 
Governor Dunbar removed. 

Feb. 18. To the Duke of Newcastle. — To the same purport. 

Feb. 18. To Richard Partridge. — Complains of the New Hamp- 
shire Assembly, and wishes to have Dunbar removed. " Col^ 
H. Sherburne to be appointed in his room wou'd be best of 
all, ... but if that can't be, then M'^ Reynolds, or any body 
rather than the present." " You have also inclos'd an 
address to the King of 8 out of 10 of the Council in my 
favour, of which you'll make what use you may think 

Feb. 21. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — Has let his farm at 
South Kingswood. 

Feb. 22. To Richard Waldron. — A short note about Dun- 
bar, etc. 

Feb. 22. To Ellis Huske. — A few lines on personal matters. 

Feb. 22. To Henry Sherburne. — Wishes to receive his salary. 

Feb. 23. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. — Urges them 
to " act up to the spirit of our ancestors in a proper care for 
the general defence of their country." 

Feb. 25. To Adolph Phillips. — Wishes to ascertain "the value 
of the oblong." Introduces Mr. James Crawford, " son of an 
old acquaintance of mine in Glasgow." 

Feb. 25. To Francis Harrison. — Introduces Mr. Crawford. 

Feb. 25. To the Bishop of London. — Solicits his Lordship's 
favour for " the eldest son of the late M"" Granger, the only 
schoolmaster in this town that was of the C^^ of England 

March 1. To Col. John Chandler. — Is unwilling to accept his 
resignation of the places he holds under the government. 
Thanks him for his appraisal of Mortlake. 

March 4. To Henry Sherburne. — About his enemies in New 
Hampshire. Has received a part of his salary. 

March 4. To Richard Partridge. — " Have nothing new. Dun- 
bar is full of malice & all wickedness." 


458 APPENDIX. [1733-4. 

March 4. To Col. Kent. — About fears of a war. 

March 5. To Capt. Gray. — To the same purport. 

March 5. To Joseph Talcott. — Desires an official certification 
of some writings to be sent to London. 

March 5. To George Wyllys. — To the same purport. 

March 6. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the sale of his farm at 

March 7. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — Has let his South 
Wiltshire farm. About other business transactions. 

March 7. To Richard Waldron. — About Dunbar's attempt to 
borrow powder of Captain Durell. 

March 14. To Richard Waldron. — About Dunbar and his other 
enemies. '' They are at their wit's end (tho' the devil is 
alwayes at their elbows) and seem to have no other game to 
play but Divide et impei^ar 

March 15. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About one of his leases 
in Connecticut. 

March 15. To Laurence Armstrong. — Friendly greetings. 

March 15. To Paul Mascarene. — Major Mascarene's children 
are all well. 

March 20. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Has conveyed to him 
the estate at Mortlake. Gives directions about obtaining a 
qualification to sit in Parliament. 

March 20. To Richard Partridge. — On the same subject. 

March 21. To Richard Partridge. — On the same subject. 

March 21. To Henry Newman. — On the same subject. 

March 22. To Richard Partridge. — Is trying to procure or- 
ders for " a good parcel of Tamworth cloths," and to remit 
money " to defray the charge of my son's attempt of an 

March 22. To Francis Wilks. — Encloses the package for Mr. 

March 22. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — A few lines only. Re- 
minds him of the example of Sir Clement Wearg. 

March 22. To Richard Partridge. — A few lines only. "Li this 
packett you will find the legs of two pair of silk hose which 
I desire you to get footed, dy'd black & send me." 

Marcli 21. To Henry Sherburne. — About military matters and 
the supply of powder in New Hampshire. 

1734.] APPENDIX. 459 


March 28. To Henry Sherburne. — On the same subjects. 
March 29. To Eleazer Aspinwall. — About the balance of rent 

due, and the sale of his farm. 
March 29. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the sale of the farm at 

Meriden, and the receipt of copper ore. 
March 29. To Capt. Giles Hall. — About the sale of the farm at 

April 1. To Francis Harrison. — About the attacks on Mr. 

April 1. To Mrs. William Partridge. — About the disposition of 

her property, if Mrs. Caswall should outlive her. 
April 3. To Richard Waldron. — About New Hampshire affairs. 
April 3. To Henry Sherburne. — About military commissions. 
April 3. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the care of his 

interests in Connecticut. 
April 10. To Col. John Stoddard. — About the division of Wait 

Winthrop's estate. 
April 10. To Capt. Benjamin Larrabee. — Has received the me- 
morials to be laid before the General Assembly. 
April 10. To Capt. John Minot. — To the same purport, and 

about the sale of rum to the Indians. 
April 10. To Capt. James Woodside. — Has received the memo- 
April 10. To Capt. John Giles. — About his conference with the 

Indians and the use of rum by them. 
April 10. To Capt. Thomas Sanders. — Desires his care of the 

above mentioned letters. 
April 11. To David Dunbar. — Directs him to convene the 

Council of New Hampshire. 
April 10. To Capt. Timothy D wight. — About his troubles with 

the people of Northfield. 
April 11. To Richard Waldron. — About the proclamation for 

a Fast, etc. 
April 11. To Henry Sherburne. — Encloses the commissions. 
April 11. To Col. Richard Saltonstall. — Does not want any 

soldiers sent out, because it may alarm the people, and make 

the Indians jealous. 

460 APPENDIX. [1734. 

April 15. To Col. IJohn Stoddard. — " God sparing your life & 
health, I desire you wou'd not fail to be here with all your 
friends on the Election day." 

April 18. To Henry Sherburne. — About New Hampshire mat- 
ters. Hears that the price of powder, of which " there is 
a good stock now come in," is <£ 16.10 a barrel. 

April 18. To Richard Waldron. — About Dunbar, etc. 

April 19. To Sir Charles Wager. — Solicits the appointment of 
Charles Paxton as Collector at Rhode Island. 

April 22. To Richard Waldron. — " You are hereby order'd not 
to suffer the seal of the Province to go out of your custody, 
or to affix it to any writing without my special leave & 

April 24. To Joseph Pitkin. — About his business affairs in 

April 24. To Capt. Giles Hall. — About a sale of the farm at 

April 29. To David Dunbar. — Has received a narrative of what 
happened at Exeter. 

April 29. To Shadrach Walton. — Orders him to convene the 
Council of New Hampshire to act on the proclamation for a 

May 2. To Col. John Gilman. — About the riot at Exeter. 

May 2. To Shadrach Walton. — Orders him to convene the 
Council of New Hampshire to act on a proclamation about 
the riot at Exeter. 

May 3. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the price he will allow for 
ore from the Simsbury mine. 

May 5. To the Duke of Newcastle. — Wishes to have Colonel 
Dunbar removed. Complains of Atkinson and Wentworth. 

May 4. To Richard PartridCxE. — About his enemies and secur- 
ing the election of Jonathan Belcher, Jr., to Parliament. 

May 6. To Richard Waldron. — About Dunbar, etc. " Slade is, 
indeed, a miserable wretch ; yet if he goes home he may do 
some good ; he has friends & the sooner he goes the better." 

.Afay 8. To the Lords op Trade. — Transmits the Journal of the 
Massachusetts House of Representatives, and thanks their 
Lordships for the part they took in procuring the royal leave 
to receive the grant for his support. 

May 8. To Capt. John Minot. — About personal matters. 

1734. J APPENDIX. 461 

May 8. To Capt. James Woodside. — Desires him to send some 

May 8. To Capt. Thomas Sanders. — Wants some fiat stone. 
May 9. To the Lords of Trade. — About the riot at Exeter, and 

complaints of Dunbar. 
May 9. To Richard Partridge. — About the election for Tam- 

worth, and the Governor's troubles with Dunbar. 
May 9. To Col. John Oilman. — Wishes him to come to Boston 

as soon as possible. 
May 9. To Shadrach Walton. — Orders him to convene the 

Council of New Hampshire and to adjourn the Court of 

May 9. To Henry Sherburne. — On New Hampshire matters. 
May 16. To Richard Waldron. — About the Governor's ene- 
mies in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and celebrating 

the marriage of the Prince of Orange. 
May 16. To David Dunbar. — Orders him to consult with the 

Council of New Hampshire about celebrating the marriage 

of the Prince of Orange. 
May 20. To Col. John Stoddard. — Desires him to be present at 

the meeting of the General Assembly. 
May 20. To Joseph Pitkin. — Wishes him to answer letters 

promptly and to send a barrel of copper ore. 
May 20. To Richard Partridge. — About personal and family 

matters. " I send T Cap* Homans a box with 60^^ of green 

wax candles, and such another f Crocker, and they have both 

promist to get 'em ashore to you without paying the duty, if 

they can." 
May 20. To Richard Waldron. — Complaints about Dunbar. 

" I'll watch him as a starv'd cat watches a mouse." Cra- 

dock has written " my son Lyde (his brother-in-law) a 

penitential letter & vows to God he wou'd n't hurt the Gov"^ 

if he cou'd. Thank him for nothing ; it was after he 

had made his last effort." 
May 20. To Col. Church. — Wishes him to hasten the 

Indians down. 
May 20. To Col. Turner. — Wishes an answer to some oral 

May 21. To Richard Partridge. — About a law-suit growing out 

of transactions with John Caswall deceased. 

462 APPENDIX. [1734. 

May 21. To Storke. — About ordering goods at Tamworth 

to promote the election of Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

May 21. To Walter Newberry. — To the same purport. 

May 21. To Richard Partridge. — " Chiefly respecting M"^ Bel- 
cher's candidateship at Tamworth." " As you are able to 
assure all your Friends that the Gov' has shown those called 
Quakers here all the respect & favour in his power, so I hope 
they will now show themselves friendly in serving my son in 
his election." 

May 21. To George Lloyd. — About the payment of a bond. 

May 23. To Shadrach Walton. — A few lines on the adjourn- 
ment of the Court of Appeals, &c. 

May 23. To Henry Sherburne. — About Dunbar, the supply of 
powder, etc. 

May 25. To Crawford. — About his son James Crawford. 

May 25. To Josiah Burchett. — A few lines on personal matters. 

May 25. To Thomas Coram. — Friendly messages. Wishes to 
get rid of Dunbar. 

May 25. To Samuel Holden. — A letter of pious reflections. 

May 25. To Richard Partridge. — About Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 
" I am much oblig'd to my Cousin Belcher of Paul's Yard for 
his respect to my son ; and the young lady his daughter may 
be far beyond his deserts. But what shou'd he do with a 
wife who never yet got a shilling in his life, & can't maintain 
himself? What distresses then wou'd a wife & children, 
nurses & servants, house furniture & house rent, &c* bring 
upon him ? Too much for his narrow shoulders to bear. 
If God spares his life let him first prove himself eminent at 
the bar and see what may be his yearly earnings, to know 
whether he shall be able to support a wife & family hand- 
somely. The matrimonial state is a grave, serious thing, and 
never to be dissolv'd but by death. There is therefore occa- 
sion of much wisdom in the consideration of it. Whenever 
Jonathan thinks anything of marrying bid him read to you 
my letter on that head of Augs* 14, 1732. I am much 
oblig'd' to you & W Newman for advising & opposing 
it. I struggle hard, brother, to give him the best education 
I possibly can, and shou'd he presume to carry on any court- 
ship without my knowledge & free consent he will be very 
short of his duty to so good a father, and sliou'd he marry 

1734.] APPENDIX. 463 

without my approbation, he wou'd at once destroy all my 
designs for his good & advancement in the world ; and if 
nothing will content him but marrying he must return to 
his own country where he might now (if here) have a pretty 
young lady, with a fortune of .£4000 sf. But I wou'd have 
him wait with hopes of doing better. So much for the love 
sally of the youth." 

May 28. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury copper 

May 30. To Richard Waldron. — Chiefly about Dunbar. " We 
have the best Assembly [in Massachusetts] of seven years 

May 30. To Henry Sherburne. —On New Hampshire affairs. 

May 31. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. — [Printed in 
the New-England Weekly Journal, June 3.] 

May 31. To Richard Partridge. — About buying some silk for 
Mrs. Belcher, 

June 1. To Richard Partridge. — Sends a copy of his speech 
to the Assembly, which he wishes to be put in the London 

June 6. To Richard Waldron. — About Dunbar, etc. " What 
a mockery was the sham consecration.* I suppose Sancho 
was there, wishing on his bended knees prosperity to Beel- 
zebub & all his undertakings." 

June 7. To Eleazer Aspinwall. — About the sale of the farm 
hired by Aspinwall. 

June 7. To Capt. Giles Hall. — On the same subject. 

June 7. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the management of his 
affairs in Connecticut. 

June 10. To Alexander Spotswood. — About the resignation of 
Mr. Boydell as postmaster at Boston, the appointment of his 
successor, and postage on the Governor's letters. " Who- 
ever may be appointed, I suppose you'll oblige him to reside 
at this town, which may be truly call'd the metropolis of 
North America, and if I may offer my opinion, I think this 
injunction will turn oufc most to the advantage of the office 
and of the trade ; nor do I remember of any instance of a 
postmaster for this Province residing anywhere but in 

* I suppose Queen's Chapel at Portsmouth. — Note hy Rev. Dr. Belknap. 

464 APPENDIX. [1734. 

June 10. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — A few lines advising him 
not to attend the services of the Church of England. 

June 10. To James Munday. — Thanks for civilities to Jonathan 
Belcher, Jr., and advice about the affairs of Mrs. Hart. 

June 10. To Charles Paxton. — About obtaining an appoint- 
ment at Plymouth or Newport. 

June 10. To John Morton. — On various personal matters. 

June 10. To the Lords of Trade ; same to the Duke of New- 
castle. — About having a general leave to take the sums 
granted by the Province for his support. " This, my Lords, 
is the biggest, the richest, & yet the poorest government in 
all the King's Provinces. The perquisites of this government 
are not communihus annis worth four score guineas a year." 

June 11. To William Sharp. — On the same subject. 

June 11. To Alured Popple. — On the same subject. 

June 11. To Richard Partridge. — About obtaining a general 
leave to take the grants voted by the Massachusetts Assembly. 

June 13. To Richard Waldron. — About his enemies in the 
two provinces. 

June 13. To David Dunbar. — Sends him copies of the com- 
plaints made against him, and desires his answer. 

June 14. To Richard Waldron. — Sends back the complaints 
against Dunbar to be signed again and certified. 

June 14. To Col. John Oilman. — On the same subject, and to 
similar purport. 

June 17. To Capt. John Minot. — About the state of his garri- 
son and relations witli the Indians. 

June 18. To Capt. John' Minot. — About procuring lumber and 

June 18. To Capt. John Giles. — Injunctions to be watchful on 
account of the fears of a war with France. 

June 18. Message to the Massachusetts Assembly. — Recom- 
mends giving military commissions to some of the Indian 

June 20. To Henry Sherburne. — About the appointment of a 
Justice for tlie Isles of Shoals, the supply of powder, etc. 

June 20. To Matthew Livermore. — Desires him to serve an 
execution to recover money of Timothy Davis. 

June 20. To Ellis Huske. — Desires to receive a particular ac- 
count of the Lieutenant-Governor's arbitrary proceedings, etc. 

1734.] APPENDIX. 465 

June 20. To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire and 
Massachusetts politics, and personal matters. " Husk may 
be postmaster if he pleases. But if he knew the little profit 
as I do he wou'd know it wou'd ruin his family to accept it ; 
and since Reynolds is finally marry'd, with a coach & four, 
never to return hither, if Husk has friends sufficient let him 
jump into Reynolds's c£100 sf" a year, &^^." 

June 20. To Major Leonard Yassall. — About J. Yassall and 
other family matters. 

June 24. To the Governor of Curacoa. — About the stealing 
of a vessel by her captain. 

June 24. To James Belcher. — About the spelling of the name 
Belcher, the family arms, etc. Sends a present of pickled 
pork and wax candles. 

June 27. To Adolph Phillips. — To introduce Thomas Hutchin- 
son. *' He is a young gent™ of exact vertue, of good natural 
sense, & which he has improv'd by the best education this 
country affords. He lately marry'd a fine young lady of 
this town, with whom he has a fortune to the value of 
5 or <£6000 stl", and is himself in good business as a 

June 27. To Paul Mascarene. — A few lines about the Major's 
" pretty family," etc. 

July 2. To John Jackson. — About the rebuilding and caulking 
a vessel. 

July 2. To Messrs. Goizins. — About shipments of copper ore. 

July 2. To the Duke of Argyle. — To further an application 
from the Massachusetts Assembly to the King for a gift of 
" cannon, powder, small arms and other warlike stores for 
his Majesty's fortifications in this Province." 

July 2. To Thomas Palmer. — Recommending Henry Yernon 
for admission to practice in Court. 

July 2. To Francis Wilks. — About the application for military 
stores, etc. " If this matter shou'd fail it may raise up a new 
Agent, wliich has been a matter much talkt of this session. 
But a good quantity of powder, cannon, &g^ will fix you & 
bring out a good grant in the fall of the year." 

July 2. To Richard Partridge. — About Dunbar, the new Assem- 
bly in Massachusetts, the application for military stores, etc. 
" It's impossible for you, brother, to imagine the plague I 


466 APPENDIX. [1734. 

have with that man. His heart is decietfull above all things 
& desperately wicked. I know he has wrote home every 
thing he cou'd think of (whether true or false) to hurt me. 
You will therefore see I have wrote my mind frankly & at 
large [to the Lords of Trade]. In short there is no quarter 
to he expected from him, and he must ruin my interest, or I 
his. You must therefore trye hard to get ColP Henry Sher- 
burne appointed Lieu* Gov"^ in his stead. This wou'd make 
me easy in N. Hampshire, and it's impossible for a creature 
to be more odious in this country than he is. T say, trye the 
utmost of your strength to get him out. I fancy 100 or 150 
guineas to Popple, Sharp, <fec* wou'd get a commission to 
ColP H. Sherburne, without any consideration to Dunbar to 

July 3. To Thomas Coram. — Praises of Mr. De Reck, who had 
brought out a colony of Salzburgers for Georgia. 

July 3. To Henry Newman. — Of the same purport. 

July 3. To Richard Partridge. — To introduce Mr. De Reck. 

July -3. To Samuel Urlsperger. — A letter of pious reflections 
and praise of Mr. De Reck. 

July 4. To Richard Waldron. — About matters in New Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts. 

July 4. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the management of the 
:Simsbury mine. 

July 4. To Capt. Timothy D wight. — About making a plan of 
the Northfield land. 

July 6. To Richard Partridge. — A few lines on the Tamworth 

July 6. To Crosland. — About the Tamworth election. 

July 8. To the Bishop of Lincoln. — "I have been sometime 
since inform'd he [Anthony Reynolds] was marry'd to the 
lady of the late Sir Tho^ Jones, with whom he lives very 
handsomely in S* James's Place, and that another of your 
Lordship's sons has marry'd Lady Jones's sister. I doubt 
not but these things are to your Lordship's satisfaction, and 
if so I humbly beg leave to put in for a share of the family 
joy. By the last ship from London I am told M"^ Reynolds 
has lately had some thoughts of coming this way. flight 
he come hither as L" Gov', Collector, a Councellor, <fe Naval 
Officer for New Hampshire, they wou'd all be worth <£200 sV 

1734.] APPENDIX. 467 

a year, which wou'd support him there prettily enough, & 
save his other fortune, & I shou'd rejoyce to see him." 

July 8. To Richard Partridge. — About their business relations, 
and complaints against Dunbar. 

July 9. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About his accounts of 

July 12. To Francis Wilks. — Desires him to procure a hand- 
some present of cannon, etc. Intends to make a trip to the 

July 12. To the Lords of Trade ; same to the Duke of New- 
castle. — Intends to make a trip to the eastward. " I beg 
the favour of your Lordships to expedite the royal leave for 
my support, that while my whole life is spent in his Majesty's 
service I may not suffer in my private fortune." 

July 12. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — A letter of parental ad- 
vice, etc. 

July 15. To Richard Waldron. — Is going to the eastward. 
Sends blank commissions for Special Justices of the Superior 

July 15. To S Chamberlain. — About collecting money 

" advanc'd for your deed father-in-law, M*" Ungle," of Mary- 

July 15. To Richard Bennet. — On the same subject. 

July 15. To Mrs. Robert Ungle. — On the same subject. 

July 15. To Joseph Prout. — On the same subject. 

July 15. To John Clark. — Desires him to pay the balance due 
on his bond. 

Aug. 1. To Richard Waldron. — "I returned last night from 
my trip to the eastward." " SI — de is a worthless fool." 
" If Sancho was gone to his own place we shou'd be perfectly 

Aug. 5. To Joseph Pitkin. — Desires prompt answers to his 

Aug. 7. To Richard Marshall. — About the settlement of 
Henry Marshall's estate. Thanks for " uncommon civility 
to M'^ Belcher of the Temple." 

Aug. 7. To George Bellamy. — Thanks for friendship and 
civility to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Aug. 7. To Henry Newman. — About the election at Tam- 
worth, etc. 

468 APPENDIX. [1734. 

Aug. 7. To Messrs. Waters. — Will buy and ship some goods 
to them to discharge his debt. 

Aug. 7. To Joshua Fleetham. — Will pay his debt as soon as 

Aug. 7. To JosiAH BuRCHETT. — Has received the patent for 
Mr. Shirley to be advocate of the Vice-Admiralty Court. 
" I have no doubt but he will act in his capacity with great 
integrity & honour to his Majesty's service." 

Aug. 8. To Richard Waldron. — About New Hampshire affairs 
and his quarrels with Dunbar. " Pray who will be Coun- 
sellor in H — sk's place when he comes hither?" 

Aug. 8. To Henry Sherburne. — A " general answer" on New 
Hampshire affairs. 

Aug. 8. To Matthew Livermore. — About a settlement with T. 

Aug. 8. To Ellis Huske. — A few lines of thanks for lumber. 

Aug. 9. To Joseph Pitkin. — About copper ore at Simsbury. 

Aug. 9. To . — About lily roots, etc. 

Aug. 9. To Capt. Dauvergne. — On tlie same subject. 

Aug. 12. To Ellis Huske. — Has received "a deputation for 
your executing the office of Deputy Postmaster of Boston." 

Aug. 12. To Col. Heath. — About the claims of the militia 

of Dorchester and Roxbury for precedence. 

Aug. 13. To Col. Samuel Partridge. — On personal matters. 

Aug. 13. To William Wanton. — To introduce Mr. Shirley and 
Mr. Boydell. 

Aug. 15. To Richard Waldron. — Complaints about his ene- 
mies. '' As to Husk, the Postmaster General expects him to 
live in town, if he accepts of the commission." 

Aug. 15. To David Dunbar. — Orders him to adjourn the Court 
of Appeals. 

Aug. 19. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — About the imprisonment 
of Mr. Mansfield's sons in Sallee, and an exchange of farms 
in Meriden. 

Aug. 23. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — A short letter of parental 
advice about his wigs, etc. 

Auff. 23. To Messrs. Parminter and Barrow. — Wishes them 
to send him some Spanish acorns and some grape-vines. 

Aug. 23. To Messrs. Edward and John ]\Iayne. — ''I am be- 
come something of a planter at a small place I have in the 

1734.] APPENDIX. 469 

country, and if you cou'd send me by a carefull hand a few 

young trees not bigger than a man's thumb, of almonds, 

cork, & olives, and some of your richest vines, it wou'd 

much oblige me." 
Aug. 26. To Richard Waldron. — About Dunbar and Cra- 

dock, etc. 
Aug. 26. To Col. Bayley. — Wishes some herd-grass seed 

to sow four acres of meadow. 
Aug. 27. To LoRiNG. — About a French vessel which was 

" burnt a few days since in your harbour." 
Aug. 29. To Richard Waldron. — A letter of vituperation of 

Dunbar, etc. 
Sept. 3. To Capt. Giles Hall. — About his land in Connecticut. 
Sept. 3. To Col. Matthew Allyn. — Will forward his letter to 

Mr. Partridge. 
Sept. 3. To Joseph Talcott. — Will inform him of the action of 

the Massachusetts Assembly with regard to a bill proposed 

in Parliament. 
Sept. 3. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the mine at Simsbury. 
Sept. 3. To Laurence Armstrong. — About the prospects of a 

Sept. 3. To Major — — Osgood. — Wishes to have some pork 

and cider. 
Sept. 5. To William Yaughan. — Wishes to have some white- 
oak lumber. 
Sept. 5. To Capt. James Woodside. — Hopes he has got some 

flat stones ready. 
Sept. 5. To Capt. John Giles. — About relations with the 


Sept. 5. To Col. ■ Bayley. — About sowing his meadow. 

Sept. 5. To Matthew Livermore. — Approves of his agreement 

about Davis's debt. 
Sept. 5. To Henry Sherburne. — A few lines about going to 

New Hampshire, etc. 
Sept. 9. To Richard Waldron. — On affairs in New Hampshire 

and to encourage Waldron. " H — sk is already superceded 

as Collecf^ by Peagrum's war" to Cap* Gray, which takes 

place (without exception) 29**^ inst* ; so that you may depend 

H — sk does & must finally fix here. This is an unlucky 

turn, and how shall we supply his place ?" 

470 APPENDIX. [1731 

Sept. 11. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. — [Printed 
in the New-England Weekly Journal, Sept. 16.] 

Sept. 12. To Richard Waldron. — " Depend on it, H — sk must 
(as the Indians say) set down here. If the Collector's place 
shou'd not be gone at home before winter, I don't know but 
wayes might be found to get into it." 

Sept. 12. To Benjamin Gambling. — Desires to see the copy of 
an execution under a decree relating to some boards which 
had been condemned. 

Sept. 14. To Capt. Timothy D wight. — About the title to the 
Governor's farm near North field. 

Sept. 16. To Rev. Christopher Toppan. — About his visit to the 
eastward, and the title to Mr. Toppan's land. 

Sept. 16. To Jotham Odiorne. — "I d'on't understand Cap* Husk 
will quit the place you mention till some time the next 
month, when I hope to be at Portsmouth, and shall discourse 
you fully upon the matter, not doubting but the conduct of 
you & your friends in the approaching election & session will 
be such as to secure from me any service I can do you or 
your family." 

Sept. 16. To Mrs. William Partridge. — On family matters. 
" Pray give my kind love to Sister Caswall. I think her 
very happy here, but she will be much more so hereafter. 
Neither you nor she need be in any trouble about her. 
While I live she shall al wayes be as welcome to be one of my 
family as if she was my own sister." 

Sept. 16. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — Wishes an answer to his 
letter of Aug. 19. 

Sept. 17. To Capt. Timothy Dwight. — About the Northfield 

Sept. 19. To Richard Waldron. — About Huske and the offices 
in New Hampshire, etc. 

Sept. 19. To Henry Sherburne. — About his proposed journey 
to New Hampshire. " I am told there is 8 or 10 miles of 
hilly, rocky road between Haverhill and Exeter that neither 
Gov"^ Shute nor Burnett cou'd pass witii their chaises." 

Sept. 19. To Benjamin Marston, Sheriff of Essex County. — 
Desires him to stay an execution against Samuel Graves of 
Kingston, growing out of the disputes about the boundary 
line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire. 

1734.J APPENDIX. 471 

Sept. 22. To the Commanding Officer at Castle William. — 
Orders him to assist a " Tide Surveyor " in boarding a vessel 
supposed to have violated the " Acts of Trade." 

Sept. 23. To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire affairs. 
" I agree that the House will be after the old rate, and so 
will everything else, while the Devil is allowed so many links 
to his chain." 

Sept. 26. To Major Osgood. — Wishes some " choicest late 

made butter." 

Sept. 26. To Col. John Oilman. — About his visit to New 

Sept. 26. To Henry Sherburne. — On the same subject. 

Sept. 26. To Richard Waldron. — On the same subject. " If 
some correct hand wou'd make a sketch of a wild bull in a 
net and infold it to Sancho, he wou'd presently see whose 
picture it was." 

Sept. 26. To Davis. — Wishes to have some young almond 

trees, etc. 

Sept. 30. To Richard Waldron. — Gives up Huske as " a gone 

Sept. 30. To Elliot. — About an exchange of farms in 


Sept. 30. To Adolph Phillips. — Friendly greetings. Wishes 
him to collect some money from Jerry Dunbar, without 
" mentioning my name." 

Sept. 30. To Alexander Spotswood. — About the post-office in 
Boston and postage on the Governor's letters. Would have 
answered his letter before, "but have been waiting for M' 
Husk's conclusion, which he is now come to, having brot his 
wife to town and taken a house, and sayes he shall fix here 
and attend the office himself, according to your deputation, 
which gives no power of further deputation." 

Sept. 30. To Capt. James Woodside. — On personal and busi- 
ness matters. 

Sept. 30. To Capt. John Minot. — Wishes him to send forward 
some wood. Lieutenant Bradbury desires to relinquish the 
place of truckmaster, 

Sept. 30. To Capt. John Giles. — On personal matters. 

Sept. 30. To Capt. John Clark. — Desires him to deliver to Mr. 
Vining all books and papers held by him belonging to the 
Collector's office of the Port of Salem. 

472 APPEXDIX. [1734. 

Oct. 1. To Richard Partridge. — On personal matters. 

Oct. 1. To Francis Wilks. — About the Massachusetts Assem- 
bly, Dunbar, etc. 

Oct. 1. To Alured Popple. — About the meaning of certain 
expressions in his instructions in regard to taking off 
entails, etc. 

Oct. 2. To the Earl of Westmoreland. — Desires his Lordship's 
favorable consideration of the answer to the "complaints 
prcfcrr'd against me." 

Oct. 2. To Martin Bladen. — About the complaints before the 
Lords of Trade. Begs Bladen " not to overbear me by your 
superior power." " Altho' ColP Dunbar is not able to make 
out one single service he has done the Crown for 5 years he 
has been in these parts, but has drawn upon himself the 
odium of mankind by his imprudence, yet, Sir, if you will 
command him to behave with the duty & good manners due 
to my character, I will forgive every thing past, and be pleas'd 
to live with him as genf" ought to live one with anotlver." 

Oct. 2. To Thomas Pelham. — Does " not doubt your justice in 
doing every thing on your part that I may have a sedate & 
impartial hearing " before the Board of Trade. 

Oct. 2. To James Brudenell. — To similar purport. 

Oct. 3. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About the delivery of his 
letters to the Lords of Trade and Colonel Bladen. 

Oct. 3. To Messrs. Goiztns. — Has sent them some copper ore. 

Oct. 4. To Benjamin Lynde and the other Justices of the Supe- 
rior Court. — Wishes their advice about the reprieval of John 
Ormsbey and Mathew Cushing, prisoners under sentence of 

Oct. 11. Speech to the New Hampshire Assembly. — [Printed in 
New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. iv. pp. 673, 674.] 

Oct. 12. Address to Messrs. Wentworth and Atkinson in the 
Council Chamber. — Has directed the Secretary to administer 
the oaths to them. 

Oct. 14. To Andrew Belcher, from Portsmouth. — Directions 
about the management of his personal affairs, etc. 

Oct. 21. To Spencer Phipps, from Portsmouth.— Thanks for 
his condolence on " the sudden death of pretty ^[iss Lyde," 
and congratulations on the marriage of Mr. Yassall and Miss 

1734.] APPENDIX. 473 

Oct. 21. To Col. Adam Winthrop, from Portsmouth. — About 
the Simsbury mine, etc. 

Oct. 21. To Andrew Belcher, from Portsmouth. — About "the 
sudden death of my dear little Molly Lyde," etc. 

Oct. 22. Speech to the New Hampshire 'House of Representa- 
tives. — [Printed in New Hampshire Provincial Papers, vol. 
iv. pp. 679,680.] 

Oct. 28. To Henry Sherburne, — Thanks for repeated respect 
and civility. 

Oct. 28. To Nathaniel Bla grove. — About the care and educa- 
tion of some orphans. 

Oct. 28. To Joseph Pitkin. — About pushing work at the Sims- 
bury mine. 

Oct. 30. To Capt. Thomas Smith. — Sends military commissions 
for two Indians. 

Oct. 31. To Col. Richard Saltonstall. — Thanks for civilities. 
Wants some wood. 

Oct. 31. To David Dunbar. — Encloses a warrant to the Justices 
at Exeter. 

Oct. 31. To Richard Waldron. — About his visit to New Hamp- 
shire, etc. 

Nov. 1. To Lord Chancellor Talbot. — Congratulates him on 
being made Chancellor. Solicits his Lordship's countenance 
and advice to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 1. To Lord Chief Justice Hardwicke. — Congratulates him 
on being made a peer, etc. Solicits his Lordship's countenance 
and advice to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 1. To Snell. — To introduce Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 1. To Wells. — Solicits his respect and favor to 

Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 1. To Richard Partridge. — " I now inclose him [Jonathan 
Belcher, Jr.] 20 odd letters to my acquaintance to promote 
him in business as he comes forward in his studies and prac- 
tice, and I doubt not but you with all your friends will be 
ready to incourage the young gent™ in such business as he 
may be capable of from time to time." 

Nov. 1. To Francis Wilks. — " If you can procure a fresh order 
to me for settling the lines between N. Hampshire and this 
Province according to my 80 instruction (copy whereof I in- 
close) it will be the best issue ; and I really can't see (after 


474 APPENDIX. [1734. 

all) how it 's possible to adjust the dispute but bj a mutual 
consent of both Provinces." Wants a gift of powder, etc. for 
the Province. Desires his favour, respect, and friendship to 
Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 1. To Samuel IIolden. — Thanks for "your great and good 
services in the affair of j\Ir. Torrey," and solicitations in be- 
half of Jonathan Belcher, Jr., etc. 

Nov. 1. To John Sharp — Requests "advice, respect, and 
friendship " to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 1. To William Sharp. — To the same purport. 

Nov. 2. To Thomas Coram. — "I have deliberately read over 
once and again all the papers respecting the new Colony 
of Georgia. The conditions of the grant are the most ex- 
traordinary I have ever seen, and cou'd the poor people 
by any means get but just enough to pay their passage 
hither, not a soul wou'd ever go to Georgia." "If some 
difficulties in the grant be not removed I'm afraid that 
settlement will dwindle." Praises Baron Van Reck, and 
wishes he might bring some Salzburgers to Massachusetts. 
Will take it as a mark of respect if he will recommend 
Jonathan Belcher, Jr., in the way of his profession. 

Nov. 2. To Sir Joseph Jekyll. — "Let me beg of your Honour, 
as a tender father ought to do for a son, that you would 
honour him [Jonathan Belcher, Jr.] with your wise advices 
for the better conduct of his studies and practice ; and when 
at any time he may have the honour to stand pleading at tlie 
Rolls in your judicious ear that you will please to consider 
his youth, forgive his mistakes, and let the great honour of 
your smiles beget in him a modest courage." 

Nov. 2. To Thomas Sandford. — Solicitations in behalf of 
Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 2. To Nicholas Paxton. — To the same purport. 

Nov. 2. To Thomas Hollis. — Refers to the gift to Mr. Byles's 
church, the decision in the Rhode Island affair, and the 
death of " your kinsman Mr. Williams, who died about 9 
weeks agoe, after a short illness." Requests " friendship and 
kindness to my son." 

Nov. 2. To Walter Newberry; same to Mr. Storke. — Solicita- 
tions in behalf of Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 2. To Henry Newman. — "You have gratified me extreamly 

1734.] APPENDIX. 475 

in your handsome present of Mons"^ Voltaire's History of 
Charles the 12 of Sweeden, of which I have liad a good char- 
acter, and shall read it these winter evenings." Desires him 
to promote Jonathan Belcher, Jr., in business. 

Nov. 2. To George Bellamy. — Solicitations in behalf of Jona- 
than Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 2. To John Morton. — Will give Mr. Solley letters to South 
Carolina. Sends messages to Mr. Fenwick. Eeports favor- 
ably as to the conversion of the Indians, " which good design 
seems of late to be folio w'd with the signal blessing of 
Heaven; the heathen appearing from many parts of our 
wilderness borders with uncommon desires of coming to the 
true knowledge of the God and Saviour of mankind. I say 
there never was a more incour aging prospect of that affair 
than at this day." Solicits his good offices in favour of 
Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 4. To Nathaniel Blagrove. — Inquiries connected with 
the appointment of guardians to some young ladies. 

Nov. 4. To Adolph Phillips. — Sends copy of a previous letter. 

Nov. 5. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Personal matters. 

Nov. 6. To Joseph Pitkin. — On various matters connected with 
the Simsbury copper mines. 

Nov. 6. To Joseph Talcott. — To introduce Andrew Belcher, 
Hon. George Townshend, and Thomas Palmer, who are going 
to visit Connecticut. 

Nov. 6. To Andrew Belcher. — Instructions about his visit to 
the copper mines. 

Nov. 8. To the Commissioners of Customs. — Has administered 
the oath to Mr. Benjamin Yining, appointed Collector of 
Salem, as successor to Mr. Fairfax. 

Nov. 8. To Samuel Shute. — Personal matters. " Unless the 
Assembly will be honest and keep up the value of their bills 
it's impossible for a Gov'^ to subsist here, nor wou'd any 
thing be more just, or so much for his Majesty's real interest 
and honour, as to pay his Gov'^ out of his Exchequer, and to 
find a way to raise it upon the people. The government here 
will never be supported, or the King served as he ought to be, 
till things come into such a channel." 

Nov. 8. To Rev. Isaac Watts. — Friendly greetings and compli- 

476 APPENDIX. [1734. 

Nov. 8. To Lord Barrington. — About the disabilities of the 
Dissenters in England, the dismissal of Mr. Boy dell from 
the post-office in Boston, and solicitations in behalf of 
Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 9. To Dr. Pellett. — Solicitations in behalf of Jona- 
than Belcher, Jr. 

Nov. 9. To Spence. — To the same purport. 

Nov. 9. To Sir Dudley Rider. — To the same purport. 

Nov. 11. To the Duke of Chandos. — Apologizes for the length 
of his last letter, and has ordered his son to deliver in person 
two letters from Mr, Harrison. 

Nov. 11. To Richard Partridge. — Enclose duplicates of letters, 
etc., previously sent. 

Nov. 12. To George Lloyd. — Is resolved to do eA^erything 
" that is just and honourable, and as fast as I possibly can " 
for the payment of his bond. 

Nov. 13. To Messrs. Partridge and Belcher. — Encloses various 
documents connected with the troubles in New Hampshire. 

Nov. 18. To Jahleel Brenton. — Friendly messages. 

Nov. 18. To Adolph Phillips. — About collecting a debt from 
Jerry Dunbar. 

Nov. 18. To Francis Harrison. — "I am obliged for your good 
wishes, and thank God things are all easy & well in this 
Province, and grow more and more so, and they had always 
been so, but for the restless temper of a very few that have 
ever lov'd contention and confusion in preference to peace 
and good order. But they seem to have blown their blast, 
and are daily sinking into contempt." Congratulates him 
on the pleasing account he has from London, and hopes 
"your provincial feuds and jarrs will in time be swallowed 
up by a good harmony in the whole Legislature and among 
the people in general." 

Nov. 18. To Richard Waldron. — About Waldron's thoughts of 
removing into Massachusetts. " But what shall I do without 
you in your pscnt paultry P — nee ? " 

Nov. 18. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — About the proposed ex- 
change of farms in Connecticut. 

Nov. 19. To Capt. John Giles. — Sends fifteen commissions for 
the Indians. 

Nov. 19. To Capt. John Minot. — About sending some cedar 
posts and rails. 

1734.] APPENDIX. 477 

Nov. 21. To Richard Waldron. — Wishes him to come to Boston 
for a consultation. " You shou'd under pretence of making 
a visset to Sister Saltonstall steal hither. . . . You may come 
about dusk, and keep house, and go away the next evening." 

Nov. 22. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. — [Printed in 
the New-England Weekly Journal, Nov. 25.] 

Nov. 23. To DiNWiDDiE. — Has received 2 hogsheads of 


Nov. 25. To Richard Waldron. — 'A long and very abusive letter 
about his enemies and lukewarm friends in New Hampshire. 

Nov. 25. To Henry Sherburne. — " As to the Naval Office, I 
don't find Cap* Husk intends to quit it till the spring, before 
which I hope to see you, and shall discourse you fully upon 
that affair." 

Nov. 25. To Mrs. William Partridge. — " God of His infinite 
mercy grant that the many warnings we have of the certain 
destruction of this vain, perishing world may rouse us to a 
true repentance and to a holy life and conversation. The 
earthquake you mention was heard and felt at same time as 
it was with you in some of our neighbouring towns. I sent 
you four bags of choice wheat the last week T a master of a 
sloop nam'd, Maclouir, of which I crave your acceptance. It 
is scarce in town, and it's generally said there's not enough 
to last the inhabitants here a month, so you had need be 
carefull of it." 

Nov. 26. To the Duke of Newcastle. — Complains of the New 
Hampshire House of Representatives and Dunbar. " Were 
ColP Dunbar out of that Province it wou'd be in perfect 
peace and security ; but I don't suppose any place will ever 
be where he has the least power." 

Nov. 26. To Lord Westmoreland. — Sends his Lordship a pre- 
sent of young spruce and fir trees. '' The former make 
excellent, wholsome beer, good against the gout ; the latter 
has blisters on the body of the tree fill'd with what we call 
firr-balsom, something like what is call'd in England balm of 
Gilead, is a fine thing for inward bruises." Sends also some 
acorns from red oaks. 

Nov. 26. To Sir Robert Clark. — Sends him a present of young 
spruce and fir trees and acorns. 

Nov. 26. To the Lord Chancellor ; and same to the Lord Chief 

478 APPENDIX. [1731 

Justice. — Begs his ^' Lordship's acceptance of a box of 
candles call'd here bay wax, made from a berry that grows 
on a sweet shrub which is a native of this country. The 
greatest curiosity of 'em is the fragrance of the wax that the 
snuff of the candle is inoffensive." 

Nov. 26. To Richard Partridge. — On personal matters. 

Nov. 26. To Crosland. — About the candidacy of Jona- 
than Belcher, Jr., and inquiries as to the price of Tamworth 
cloths, " for if M"^ Belcher succeeds in his election your free- 
men shall know they have to do with a gent°^ of gratitude, 
who will take it for one of my constant cares to incourage 
the consumption of your manufactures in this part of the 

Nov. 26. To George Bellamy. — Apologizes for some discour- 
tesy on the part of his brother-in-law and son. Complains of 
Bladen and Dunbar, and acknowledges Mr. Bellamy's kind- 
ness about the Tamworth election. 

Nov. 26. To Thomas Coram. — Comments on current events. 

Nov. 26. To Messrs. Partridge and Belcher. — Regrets that 
they have* given Mr. Bellamy occasion of offence. 

Nov. 26. To Messrs. Waters. — Relates to the payment of his 
debt to them. 

Nov. 28. To Richard Partridge. — About the money lent to 
Jeremiah Dunbar. 

Nov. 28. To Laurence Armstrong. ^ — About the relations with 
the Indians, etc. 

Nov. 30. To the Duke of Newcastle. — Praises Mr. Shirley and 
urges the settlement of a fixed salary for him. " I wou'd 
become a humble oratour to your Grace for a further instance 
of your Grace's friendship to this worthy gent"* in procuring 
him some reasonable support from the Crown in his station 
as the King's Advocate General." 

Nov. 30. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Wishes him to pursue 
the matter of Mr. Shirley's salary ^' in the most assiduous 
and skilfull manner you are master of." 

Dec. 3. To Messrs. Partridge and Belcher. — About the ap- 
pointment of Benjamin Pemberton to the Naval Office at 
Boston, and trying to get the office back again to Byfield 

Dec. 3. To Samuel Holden ; same to Francis Wilks, William 

1734.] APPENDIX. 479 

Sharp, John Sharp, and Alured Popple. — On the same 

Dec. 6. To Richard Partridge; sent again June, 1735. — Wishes 
Jonathan to " make a journey to Raynham and pay his duty 
to my good Lord Townshend, to whom you know I am under 
the highest oblige." Wishes Mr. Partridge to write a letter 
to Jerry Dunbar demanding the immediate payment of the 
money lent to him. " You see, bro, what a vile rascal he is. 
I treated him upon your letter much better than he deserved, 
and what he means by any guilt of mine I know not, & I defye 
such a villain to make out any thing of that kind. It's really 
impossible to keep in any terms with him or his bro, they are 
both so false and perfidious." 

Dec. 9. To Henry Newman. — Wishes his favor and assistance 
in procuring a Master's degree for Jonathan Belcher, Jr., at 

Dec. 9. To James Belcher. — Thanks for a present of linen and 
usquebaugh, and praise of Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Dec. 9. To William Grant. — About the efforts of the Society 
in Scotland to promote the conversion of the Indians. 

Dec. 9. To the Duke of Newcastle. — Relative to a complaint 
of Ralph Gulston, " the contractor for supplying his Majesty's 
navy with masts from this country." 

Dec. 9. To Alured Popple. — On the same subject. Details the 
steps which he has taken in the matter. " The affair of my 
message and the report upon it met with considerable oppo- 
sition in the House of Rep*^^^^ from the famous M"" Cook & 
his adherents. That man seems to me to have a fixt enmity 
to all kingly government." 

Dec. 4. Message to the Massachusetts Assembly. — On the same 
subject. " I hope you will think of some methods proper to 
be taken by this government for preventing any unreason- 
able obstruction that may be offer'd to those that are engaged 
to supply his Majesty's navy with masts, and for preserving 
the Royal Woods from spoil & waste." 

Dec. 12. To Sir Charles Wager. — Thanks for his goodness to 
Mr. Paxton. 

Dec. 12. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — To introduce Mr. Hibert 
Newton, Collector of Nova Scotia. 

Dec. 12. To Richard Partridge. — For the same purpose. 

480 APPENDIX. [1734. 

Dec. 12. To Gov. Robert Johnson. — To introduce Mr. Solley. 

Dec. 13. To Powell. — Sends him some quails and heath- 
hens. " Should they get well to hand I cou'd commend 'em 
to the King's table." 

Dec. 13. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About the birds sent to 
Mr. Powell, and trying to get back the place of Naval Officer 
at Boston. 

Dec. 14. To the Lords of Trade. — "I think it wou'd greatly 
advance his Majesty's service and the trade of G* Britain 
that there might be sent hither at the charge of the Crown 
(as soon as may be) three or four good, solid, sober husband- 
men well skilFd in raising and dressing of hemp, and as 
many more that well understand the making of potash." 
Recommends other steps to promote the raising of hemp. 

Dec. 14. To Richard Partridge. — Will make a good remittance 
as soon as he can. 

Dec. 16. To Messrs. Case, Westover, and Humphry. — About 
the lease of the Simsbury mines. 

Dec. 16. To Joseph Pitkin. — A long letter about pushing the 
work at the Simsbury mines. 

Dec. 17. To Messrs. Goizins. — About their sales of copper ore. 

Dec. 19. To Richard Waldron. — About Dunbar, Cook, Waldo, 

Dec. 23. Speech to the Massachusetts Assembly. — [Printed in 
the New-England Weekly Journal, Dec. 30.] 

Dec. 27. To Ellis Huske. — About some financial transactions 
between them. 

Dec. 27. To Henry Sherburne. — A few lines on New Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts affairs. 

Dec. 27. Message to the Massachusetts Assembly. — [Printed 
in the New-England Weekly Journal, Jan. 6, 1735.] 

Dec. 28. Message to the Massachusetts Assembly. — Wishes 
they would choose the Commissioners for settling the boun- 
dary on the side of New York by ballot " as has been comon 
on such occasions," and thanks them for the provision they 
have made for his meeting the Cagnawagas. 

Dec. 30. To Nathaniel Blagrove. — About the selection of a 
gunrdian of some young ladies now at Bristol. 

Dec. 30. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — About the proposed meet- 
ing with the Indians. 

1734-5.] APPENDIX. 481 

Dec. 31. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — About laying out " for 
me a grant of land made by the General Court." 

Dec. 31. Address to the Council of Massachusetts. — Desires 
their opinion as to his right to assent to " an Act for the 
more easy and effectual drawing in and paying off the out- 
standing bills of credit on this Province." 


Jan. 2. To Col. Richard Saltonstall. — "I wish you wou'd be 
thinking till you can find out something that I can do for 
you in the government that might be of profit to you and 
your family." 

Jan. 2. To Col. William Pepperrell. — About the payment of a 
protested bill of exchange drawn by Arthur Slade. 

Jan. 3. To Josiah Quincy, and to sundry others. — Desires his 
vote, interest, and influence that Byfield Lyde may succeed 
John Ballantine, late Register for Suffolk County. 

Jan. 6. To Sir Robert Clark. — About the proposed grant of 
a township to aid the Society for propagating the Gospel 
among the Indians. 

Jan. 6. To Francis Wilks. — About the proposed grant to the 
Society for propagating the Gospel, the intrigues to supersede 
Mr. Wilks as agent for the Province, etc. 

Jan. 7. To Richard Partridge. — About " recovering the Naval 
Office for my son Lyde," etc. 

Jan. 8. To Francis Wilks. — Desires his assistance in procuring 
a leave of absence for Major Mascarene without loss of pay 
or rank. 

Jan. 9. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About getting the gift of 
hemp seed, visiting Lord Townshend, procuring the place of 
Naval Officer for Byfield Lyde, etc. 

Jan. 9. To Richard Partridge. — On the same subjects. 

Jan. 9. To the Duke op Newcastle. — Has prevailed with the 
Assembly of Massachusetts to establish a bounty on hemp 
and flax. Desires a gift of hemp seed for the poor farmers. 

Jan. 9. To the Lords of Trade. — To the same purport. 

Jan. 10. To Richard Partridge. — About the encouraging pros- 
pects at the Simsbury mines. 

Jan. 10. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About his seal. 


482 APPENDIX. [1734-5. 

Jan. 13. To William Sharp; same to George Bellamy. — Sends 
him a present of candles. 

Jan. 13. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About the Naval Office, 
the presents to Mr. Sharp and Mr. Bellamy, the Simsbury 
mines, etc. 

Jan. 13. To Richard Partridge. — About making him remit- 
tances, the Naval Office, etc. 

Jan. 14. To George Lloyd. — About remitting on account of his 

Jan. 14. To Eleazer Aspinwall. — Wishes him to pay Joseph 
Pitlsin " without any further delay." 

Jan. 14. To Col. Samuel Partridge. — Has tried to procure an 
additional grant of land for him, etc. 

Jan. 13. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — About getting some small 
apple-trees, etc. 

Jan. 14. To Capt. Giles Hall. — About selling his farm at 
Meriden, Conn. 

Jan. 14. To Joseph Pitkin. — About their accounts, the Sims- 
bury mines, etc. 

Jan. 15. To Joseph Pitkin. — Has asked Major Holman to be 
his overseer at the Simsbury mines. 

Jan. 15. To Major John Holman. — Instructions as to the over- 
sight of the Simsbury mines. 

Jan. 15. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About James Walling's 
rent, the sale of Mortlake farm, etc. 

Jan. 16. To Jotham Odiorne. — About the Naval Office in New 

Jan. 16. To Henry Sherburne. — About the payment for Gam- 
bling's mandamus, etc. 

Jan. 16. To Ellis Huske. — About the account with Captain 

Jan. 16. To Richard Waldron. — About matters in New Hamp- 
shire. ^' G — mb — nor is shrunk into an old woman, and I 
look upon him very useless. I give you joy of your new 
uncle, who has doubtless disqualify'd himself. The pedlar's 
wife is dead ; did she dye in charity with the Gov^ ? and to 
whom pray has she bcqueath'd Mad" J — ff — ys' house ?" 

Jan. 16. To Capt. Pecker. — About getting some timber. 

Jan. 16. To Rev. Ebenezer Hinsdell. — Sends him bills of ex- 
change for his salary. Wishes him to keep a journal of all 

1734-5.] APPENDIX. 483 

things relating to his mission, and send it forward every six 

Jan. 27. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury copper 

Jan. 27. To Major John Holman. — About the Simsbury 

Jan. 27. To Capt. Giles Hall. — About the sale of his Meriden 

Jan. 27. To Eleazer Aspinwall. — About the rent of his 
farm, etc. 

Jan. 29. To Major John Holman. — Wishes him to show the 
mines to Capt. D. Goffe, etc. 

Jan. 30. To Col. Richard Saltonstall. — On military arrange- 

Feb. 5. To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire matters. 

Feb. 5. To Col. William Pepperrell. — Wants new bills or 
money for some protested bills of exchange. 

Feb. 8. To Major John Holman. — About the management of 
the Simsbury mines. 

Feb. 8. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury mines, the 
Meriden farm, etc. 

Feb. 10. To Major John Holman. — Is pleased with the ac- 
counts from the mines. 

Feb. 10. To Joseph Pitkin. — Wishes him to mark off the lots 
at Simsbury, so that the other company " may not knowingly 
or ignorantly raise an ounce of ore in our works." 

Feb. 11. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About James Walling's 
debt, the valuation of the Mortlake farm, etc. 

Feb. 11. To James Walling. — About their accounts. 

Feb. 13. To Henry Sherburne. — Wants to receive his salary. 

Feb. 13. To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire affairs. 
" The Rhodomontade sailor [Huske] has only paid the 
necessary compliment of coming to tell the Gov^ he was 
come to town, and indeed he found no incouragm* for 
further ceremony." 

Feb. 17. To Nathaniel Blagrove. — About the guardianship. 

Feb. 19. To Capt. Pool ; same to Capt. Blodget. — 

About their enlisting men from another militia company. 

Feb. 22. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About his affairs in 

484 APPENDIX. [1734-5. 

Feb. 24. To Henry Sherburne. — On New Hampshire matters. 

Feb. 24. To Col. William Pepperrell. — About the protested 
bills of exchange. 

Feb. 24. To Richard Waldron. — About the nomination of 
Joseph Plaisted as the successor of Sheriff Wheelwright, etc. 

Feb. 24. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury mines, etc. 

Feb. 24. To Major John Holman. — On the same subject. 

Feb. 24. To Nathaniel Blagrove. — About the appointment of 
guardian of the two young ladies at Bristol. 

Feb. 25. To Col. John Stoddard. — About various appointments 
for his county. " I am sorry for the acco" you give from 
Housatonnoc, which looks discouraging as to spreading the 
Gospel among those Indians." 

Feb. 27. To Col. Richard Saltonstall. — On military matters. 

Feb. 28. To Capt. John Minot. — About sending posts and rails 
and curious skins. 

Feb. 28. To Capt. John Giles. — About relations with the 

March 1. To Rev. Woodside. — His son James has been 

transferred to Pemaquid, and his garrison has been in- 
creased. '' If you have any proper opportunities I shall not 
doubt your saying (with truth and justice) that Gov'^ Belcher 
does in all things to the utmost of his power support his 
Majesty's interest & honour in the governm*^ the King has 
comittcd to his care." 

March 1. To Daniel Foxcroft. — Is sorry he is not inclined to 
return to New England ; hopes he will not forget his sister 

March 1. To Josiah Burchett. — About his grandson, Captain 
Durell, etc. 

March 1. To Capt. Tench. — Thanks him for civility to 

Jonathan Belcher, Jr., at Little Chelsea, and sends him a hat, 
" the proper produce & manufacture of this country." 

March 1. To Mrs. Tench. — Thanks her for attentions to 

Jonathan Belcher, Jr., and sends her a small box of green 
wax candles. 

March 1. To Mrs. West. — Thanks her for attentions to 

Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

March 3. To Nathaniel Blagrove. — About the appointment of 
guardian of the young ladies at Bristol. 

1734-5.] APPENDIX. 485 

March 3. To Francis Harrison. — Friendly greetings, etc. 

March 3. To Mrs. William Partridge. — Friendly greetings, etc. 

March 3. To Henry Sherburne. — About New Hampshire affairs. 
" I really tho't when I made you Treasurer and M'' Sherburne 
Clerk of the Inferiour Court that I had done as much for 
your family as for any friend in the Province. I have been 
told the Clerk's place is vi^orth near 200 X a year, and the 
Treasurer's wou'd be worth above lOOX more if the Assembly 
wou'd be honest, and I wish it was in your power or mine to 
make 'em so." 

March 3. To Col. William Pepperrell. — About the protested 
bills and the appointment of a Sheriff for York County. 

March 3. To Col. Timothy Gerrish. — About the appointment 
of a Sheriff for York. 

March 3. To Richard PartridCxE. — About his financial condi- 
tion, etc. " I have not reed, a farthing from this Province 
for 12 mo'' past, nor fro N. Hampshire for 18. It has not 
been in my power to avoid it. The two Provinces owe me 
at this day .£4700, all which I hope to recieve in about a 
mo'^ time." 

March 3. To Peter Thacher. — About delay in laying out a 
way to a ferry. 

March 4. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — About the proposed con- 
ference with the Indians, etc. 

March 4. To Richard Partridge. — Wishes to have a dozen 
more copies of his portrait struck off and to have the copper 
plate sent to him. 

March 5. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Sends him a present. 

March 8. To Patrick Gordon. ^ About Mr. Van Reck, Mr. 
Oglethorpe, Mr. Vining, etc. 

March 10. To Richard Waldron. — '' There seems to be an op- 
portunity of making a stroke at him" [Dunbar]. 

March 10. To Col. William Pepperrell. — About Slade's bills 
of exchange. 

March 10. To Rev. Elisha Williams. — About selling the Meri- 
den farm. 

March 12. To Major John Holman. — About the Simsbury 
mines, etc. 

March 12. To Capt. Giles Hall. — About selling the Meriden 

486 APPENDIX. [1735. 

March 12. To Eleazer Aspinwall. — About the rent of the 

Meriden farm. 
March 12. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury mines and 

the Meriden farm. 
March 13. To Jonathan Law. — To introduce Thomas Gush- 
ing, Jr., agent and attorney for Joseph Thompson of London. 
March 13. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the rent of his 

farms in Connecticut. 
March 14. To Capt. James Houghton. — Wishes him to lay out 

five hundred acres granted to the Governor by the General 


March 14. To Capt. Aldridge. — Friendly greetings. 

March 17. To Henry Sherburne. — About the payment of public 

debts in New Hamp^iire. 
March 17. To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire matters, 

and coming to see the Governor. 

March 17. To Tisdall. — About the price of a horse. 

March 18. To Nathaniel Blagrove. — About the guardianship 

March 24. To Henry Sherburne. — About collecting his salary, 

etc. " I expect no good from an Assembly in your Province 

while the Devil has so dutifull and active a servant among 

March 24. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the Simsbury copper 



March 29. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the management and 
oversio'ht of the mines. 

March 31. To Richard Waldron. — About New Hampshire 
affairs. Suggests the holding of the Assembly at Ports- 
mouth, and adjourning the next day to Exeter. 

March 31. To Mrs. William Partridge. — On personal matters. 

March 31. To Rev. Benjamin Colman. — A long letter on the 
death of Mrs. Turell. 

April 7. To Henry Sherburne. — About receiving his salary, etc. 

April 7. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the rent of his 

April 7. To Alexander Spotswood. — About the postage on his 
letters, etc. 

1739.] APPENDIX. 487 

April 7. To Richard Partridge. — On personal matters. 

April 8. To Col. Zaccheus Mayhew. — About making a pilot 

pay a fine for not serving as a constable. 
April 14. To Richard Waldron. — A short letter on New 

Hampshire matters. 
April 14. To Capt. John Giles. — About relations with the In- 
dians at St. George's, etc. 
April 14. To Capt. John Minot. — On the same subject. 
April 14. To Capt. Benjamin Larrabee ; same to Capt. Thomas 

Smith. — On the same subject. 
April 14. To Rev. Joseph Seccomb. — About his salary and the 

small results of his missionary labors. 
April 14. To Rev. Stephen Parker. — Thinks he had better 

come to town, etc. 
April 17. To Peter Thacher. — About laying out the way to 

Mr. Barker's ferry. 
April 19. Message to the Massachusetts Assembly. — [Printed 

in the New-England Weekly Journal, April 21.] 
April 21. To Richard Waldron. — On personal matters, etc. 
April 21. To Henry Sherburne. — About his salary, etc. 
April 21. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the mines and the Meriden 

April 21. To Francis Harrison. — About forwarding letters. 
April 21. To Mrs. William Partridge. — A few lines on personal 

April 21. To James Belcher. — To introduce Nathaniel Bethune. 


Aug. 24. To Richard Waldron. — Encloses a complaint of 
some person not mentioned. 

Aug. 25. To Sir Charles Wager. — Informs him of the fitting 
out of two vessels at Boston and three at Rhode Island, to 
act against the Spaniards in case of a war. " I beg S'^, you 
would allow me to renew my request in favour of Hugh 
Hall, Esq'^ for a coihission for Judge of Vice Admiralty in 
the room of M'^ Auchmuty." 

Aug. 27. To Lieut.-Gov. George Clarke. — About the settle- 

488 APPENDIX. [1739. 

merit of the boundary line between New York and Massa- 

Aug. 27. To Joseph Brown, Collector at Salem. — Has received 
his " share of the molasses." 

Aug. 27. To Shadrach Walton. — About demanding the Prov- 
ince seal from the Secretary. " The affront you have offer'd 
the King in the person of his Governour in such an extraordi- 
nary proceeding is what I cannot at present get over." 

Aug. 27. To Henry Sherburne. — About counterfeit bills and 
receiving his salary. 

Aug. 27. To Richard Waldron. — About sending the Journals 
of the New Hampshire House of Representatives to England, 
a frolic on the boundary line, affixing the Province seal to 
documents, etc. 

Aug. 27. To Richard Partridge. — About some codfish sent to 
England for presents. 

Aug. 81. To Capt. Taber. — Desires the release of some 

Quakers who had been imprisoned for " non-appearance on 
muster dayes." 

[ ] To Bagnal. — Desires him to procure a cow. 

Sept. 3. To Col. William Pepperrell. — Wishes him to attend 
the session of the General Assembly, etc. 

Sept. 8. To Henry Sherburne. — About the prospect of war, 
the Rhode Island bills of credit, etc. 

Sept. 8. To Ellis Huske. — Wants some lumber. 

Sept. 8. To Richard Waldron. — On New Hampshire matters. 
" At your leisure let me have something, from an unknown 
hand, for the press that may probably have some influence on 
the next choices." 

Sept. 10. To Henry Sherburne. — About the declaration of 
war, etc. 

Sept. 10. To Capt. John Minot. — About regulating the trade 
with the Indians, war in Europe, and relations with the 

Sept. 10. To Richard Waldron. — About the war in Europe 
and meeting an Assembly. 

Sept. 10. To Ellis Huske. — About the seizure of the ship 
Robert, James Roach master. 

Sept. 12. To Richard Partridge. — About his refusal to affix 
the Province seal to some papers to be sent to England. 

1739.] APPENDIX. 489 

Sept. 12. To Allen. — Wishes him to send from Cape Fear 

some nuts, flower seeds, etc. 

Sept. 14. To Col. John Chandler. — Wishes he would come to 

Sept. 17. To Col. Thomas Westbrook. — About some lumber. 

Sept. 17. To Ellis Huske. — About the trial of the seizure of the 
ship Caesar. " I have no opinion of the King's obtaining jus- 
tice from the Admiralty in its present situation." 

Sept. 17. To Laurence Armstrong. — Does not think that Mas- 
sachusetts is in a condition to assist her neighbours in case 
of a war. 

Sept. 17. To Capt. Otho Hamilton. — Writes in complimentary 
terms of Mr. and Miss Hamilton, who are returning home 
from Boston. 

Sept. 17. To Richard Waldron. — About convening an Assembly 
in New Hampshire, and the prospects of a war in Europe. 
" I would venture upon December, but I think it would give 
too plausible a pretence to the clan to clamour that the Gov- 
ernour had not been in the Province for more than 12 

Sept. 17. To Henry Sherburne. — Thinks there will be no war 
in Europe before the spring, if then. Is inclined to go to 
New Hampshire the 17th of next month. 

Sept. 17. To George Clarke, Lieutenant-Governor of New York. 
— About the appointment of commissioners to settle the 
boundary between New York and Massachusetts. 

Sept. 17. To Daniel Horsmanden. — Condoles with him on 
the lack of " a proper consideration of your good services." 

Sept. 17. To Richard Waldron. — About his refusal to sign the 
certificate appended to the documents to be sent to England. 

Sept. 17. To Col. Woods. — Andrew Belcher intends to 

pass the night at his house. 

[Sept. 17.] To Mrs. Peter Warren. — An invitation to dinner. 

Sept. 19. Speech to the Massachusetts Council and House of 
Representatives. [Printed in the Boston Weekly News- 
Letter, Sept. 13-20.] 

Sept. 24. To Ellis Huske. — About the seizure of a vessel. " I 
have yours of 21 curr by the post with the inclos'd 
papers, which I now return, & you may get M"^ Secry Wal- 
dron to draw a deputation for me to sign appointing you 


490 APPENDIX. ' [1739. 

Naval Officer & date it at the time you mention, & send me 
the usual security in that behalf." 

Sept. 24. To Shadrach Walton. — " No pettyfogging lawyer nor 
any one else should have perswaded you to so notorious a 
breach of your duty. I am told you lodge blank registers at 
the Collector's. I now caution you against any such practice 
for the future & that you never deliver a register out of your 
hand but what the person swears to before you." 

Sept. 25. To Joseph Talcott. — Communicates the news from 

Sept. 25. To Edward Trelawney, Governor of Jamaica. — Com- 
municates the news from England. 

Sept. 25. To Rev. Johnson. — " Surely a greater villain has 

never mounted the Triangle at Tyburn than the audacious 
rascal with you that prophanes the name of Burnett. I am 
sorry he has so impos'd on you & on so many other wortli}^ 
gent™ at BB^ I never saw this rogue in my life, but ac- 
cording to all the accounts I have lately had of him he is the 
most compleat & finisht of any the present age has known." 

Sept. 28. To Capt. Charles Church. — Wants a cow to be sent 
to Milton. 

Sept. 28. To Col. John Chandler. — Wishes to see him about 

Sept. 28. To William Yaughan. — About forming a regiment. 

Oct. 1. To Henry Sherburne. — About precautions in case of a 
war. " The Assemblys have been deluded & prevented by 
wicked men from serving their country in the best manner." 

Oct. 1. To Shadrach Walton. — " I hope you will for the future 
be very cautious how you act in the affairs of the government 
without my particular directions." Orders him to adjourn 
the Court of Appeals. 

Oct. 5. Message to the Council and House op Representatives 
OF Massachusetts. — Communicates a letter from Mr. Wilks. 

Oct. 9. To Capt. Fitzgerald. — Thanks for services ren- 
dered in England. 

Oct. 9. Message to the House of Representatives of Massa- 
chusetts. — [Printed in the Boston Weekly News-Letter, 
Oct. 4-11.] 

Oct. 10. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — Thanks for communicating 
information from the Indians, etc. 

1739.] APPENDIX. 491 

Oct. 15. To Col. John Chandler. — Wishes him to come to 
Boston for one night to talk about Mortlake. 

Oct. 15. To Benjamin Lynde, Jr. — Personal compliments. 

Oct. 15. To Capt. John Minot. — About relations with the 
Indians, the defenceless state of the garrisons, etc. 

Oct. 15. To Capt. John Giles. — Wishes a memorial drawn and 
sent to him, "directed to the Cap* General onely, for the 
Assembly have nothing to do in the matter." 

Oct. 15. To Ellis Huske. — " If they don't make a forfeiture of 
ship & cargoe I sha'n't scruple to beleive they are all 

Oct. 15. To Henry Sherburne. — Has been unwell for some 
time, and his physicians do not tliink he ought to make a 
journey, so he has ordered the President to prorogue the 
General Court when they meet. 

Oct. 15. To Shadrach Walton. — " Your exact regard to the 
assurances you now give me may prevent what I must other- 
wise be oblig'd to do for his Majesty's honour & for the 
welfare of his people." 

Oct. 16. To Col. John Chandler. — Regrets to accept the " resig- 
nation of the posts you sustain'd in this government so much 
to the honour of the King, to the service & interest of your 
countrey & to your own honour." 

Oct. 16. To Hollings. — Has been informed by Mr. Par- 
tridge and Mr. Belcher " that they have retain'd you in 
my favour." "I have this day done myself the honour of 
addressing your noble father-in-law, the Lord Chief Justice 
Wills, & have pray'd his favourable ear to M'" Partridge & 
to M^ Belcher as my agents." 

Oct. 19. To Horace Walpole. — About an allowance in 1694 
from the Province to the Auditor General. 

Oct. 20. To Francis Wilks. — Wishes him to throw business in 
the way of Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 

Oct. 20. To Capt. Thomas Durell. — Friendly greetings. 

Oct. 20. To Charles Gray. — Friendly messages, etc. Desires 
him to promote Jonathan Belcher, Jr., in business. 

Oct. 20. To Capt. John Dean. — Friendly greetings, etc. 

Oct. 20. To Rev. Isaac Watts. — Pious reflections on the un- 
certainty of life, his troubles in the government, etc. 

Oct. 20. To Rev. John Guyse. — Has received Dr. Guyse's para- 

492 APPENDIX. [1739. 

phrase of the four Evangelists. Pious reflections on his 
troubles in the government. 

Oct. 22. To Richard Waldron. — Encloses an order for swear- 
ing the members of the House of Representatives and then 
proroguing them. 

Oct. 22. To Shadrach Walton. — Orders him to have the 
members sworn, and then to prorogue the House of Repre- 
sentatives and Court of Appeal. 

Oct. 23. To Lord Harrington. — " M"^ Joseph Gulston, j\P John 
Tomlinson & two others lodg'd a memorial at the Privy 
Council office setting forth the naked & defenceless state of 
that Province [New Hampshire] & other things that nearly 
affect my honour & interest there. This memorial was 
refer r'd to the Lords of Trade who reported upon it with* 
allowing me a copy & time to answer tho' my agents pray'd 
therefor. Tiie aforesaid M'^ Tomlinson more than twelve 
months agoe exhibited a complaint against me, my answer 
whereto has lain at home for a long time, but I suppose he is 
so conscious of the absurdities & falsehoods with which he 
fill'd his complaint that he is afraid to bring it to a hearing, 
& therefore now stirs up M^ Gulston & others to join with 
him in the unfair, ungenerous manner in which they are now 
proceeding & is no better than attempting to shoot me in the 
dark." Desires his Lordship's " interposition that no further 
proceeding may be had upon the memorial I have mention'd 
till 1 am serv'd with a copy & time to answer." 

Oct. 23. To Lord Monson. — About the memorial of Gulston, 
Tliomlinson, and two others. Defends his own course, and 
blames the Assembly. 

Oct. 24. To Richard Partridge. — About his troubles in New 
Hampshire ; wislies to recover the favor of Lord Wilmington. 

Oct. 29. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About the memorial of 
Gulston, Thomlinson, Wentworth and Chapman, liis own 
fidelity as Governor, and his son's marrying. 

Oct. 30. To Henry Sherburne. — About going to New Hamp- 
sliire, etc. 

Oct. 30. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Encloses a letter from 
Dr. Colman. 

Oct. 31. To Capt. William Vaughan. — About enlisting a com- 
pany of volunteers at their own charge " to go from the head 

1739.] APPENDIX. 493 

of Damarascotty Pond eastward to the Ind^ fort at Penobscut 
& westward to Norridgawalk, & to make the best observa- 
tions they can where roads may be made to those places at 
the least charge." 

[-^ — . To Rev. .] — Pious observations. 

Nov. 3. To Messrs. GoiziNS. — About shipments of copper 

Nov. 5. To Henry Sherburne. — About going to New Hampshire. 
Thinks a war with Spain is probable. 

Nov. 5. To Rev. Adams. — About the state of his health. 

Nov. 5. To Ellis Huske. — About some lumber. " I expect 
nothing to come of the seizure, but suppose all parties con- 
cern'd are agreed to perjure themselves to cheat the King, 
the Governour, & the informer." 

Nov. 5. To Richard Waldron. — " The forfeiture of the ship & 
cargoe seiz'd by Huske must be indisputable with all honest 
men, but surely no prince ever had such a crew of villains 
to betray his interest, to break the Acts of Trade, & what 
not ?" Writes on various matters in New Hampshire. 

Nov. 6. To Benjamin Pemberton. — Has received from the 
Commissioners of Customs a complaint that he neglects his 
duty in not forwarding to them lists of all vessels entering 
and clearing at the several ports in his district ; orders him 
to do so. 

Nov. 5 [6]. To Richard Waldron. — About having Huske's 
seizure tried in Boston. 

Nov. 12. To Richard Waldron. — About the failure of Huske's 
seizure. " I don't thank him [Judge Auchmuty], nor forgive 
him, nor can I ever again allow myself any acquaintance 
with so uncommon a rascal. No. ' 0, my soul come not 
thou into his secret ; unto their assembly, mine honour, be 
not thou united.' " 

Nov. 12. To Ellis Huske. — Wishes copies of all the documents 
in the case of the seizure. 

Nov. 12. To Messrs. Chandler and Foye. — Instructions about 
selling his estate at Mortlake. 

Nov. 12. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — Desires him to advise 
and assist in the sale of the Mortlake estate. 

Nov. 12. To Col. John Chandler. — Is "glad that your (desir'd) 
successors are acceptable to you, as they are to the whole 

494 APPENDIX. [1739. 

countrey." Complains of the Massachusetts House of Rep- 
resentatives. Wishes him to advise and assist in the sale 
of the Mortlake estate. 

Nov. 12. To the Commissioners of Customs at London. — Mr. 
Pemberton and " M'^ Ellis Huske, the Naval Officer for New 
Hampshire," will comply with their directions. 

Nov. 12. To the Lords of Trade. — Will transmit by the first 
good conveyance the accounts asked for by them. 

Nov. 12. To DiNWiDDiE. — About an order for some " hang- 

Nov. 13. To John Morton. — About his son's marrying. 

Nov. 14. To Richard Waldron. — Wislies him to come to Boston 
for a consultation. " 1 am order'd to make answer to the 
complaint of 215 Teagues in those parts [at George's] stirr'd 
up by Trinkalo. I look on other complaints trifling <fe in a 
manner dying, & if we can cut off this hydra's head, perhaps 
it may be of a good, as well as of a fatal consequence, may 
serve the Gov'^, & you particularly, in an extraordinary 

Nov. 17. To Sir Charles Wager. — Transmits copies of letters 
from Captain Warren of the Squirrel. 

Nov. 19. To Sir Charles Wager. — Desires that Andrew Belcher 
should be appointed " Register of the Court of Vice Admi- 
ralty in New England in case of the death of M"^ John Boydill, 
who is now dangerously ill." 

Nov. 19. To Richard Partridge. — To the same purport. 

Nov. 19. To Messrs. Green and Thorley. — Desires them to 
forward the enclosure to London by the first post. 

Nov. 19. To Richard Waldron. — Complains of Waldron's in- 

Nov. 19. To Ellis Huske. — Writes for documents about the 
seizure, etc. 

Nov. 20. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — "For your own particular 
advantage I charge you to make all proper court to L*^ 
Egmont & S'' C. Wager. See 'em as often as may be consis- 
tent with good manners & with your studies. When you can 
marry to your own content, & to the good approbation of 
your friends, I shall be glad to hear you are so." Desires 
him to procure the original letter from Mr. Dudley to Mr. 

1739.] APPENDIX. 495 

Nov. 20. To Mrs. — — Bertagh. — About her securing a de- 
mand against her brother in America. 

Nov. 21. To James Belcher. — Thanks him for a present of 
claret, etc. 

Nov. 22. To the Duke of Newcastle. — About the emission of 
paper currency, the ruinous condition of the forts, etc. 

Nov. 22. To Richard Partridge. — Is preparing an answer to 
the petition of the people at the Eastward ; complains of the 
New Hampshire Assemblies ; wishes Jonathan was married; 
sends petitions in favour of the Governor ; describes what he 
has done in New Hampshire ; will exert himself to pay the 
balance of Mr. Partridge's account. " I must desire you to 
stir up every friend you have, & every one I have, to pre- 
vent my losing the government of New Hampshire. I be- 
leive B. Wentworth has a great dependance upon it, or he 
would not stay ; but to lose that commission would be of 
more fatal consequence than you readily imagine." "M"" 
Christopher Kilby goes with Cap* Hall as an agent to the 
House of Representatives. I am a stranger to his business 
or instructions ; but you may depend if it falls in his power 
to do me any hurt, he is very heartily dispos'd to it ; he must 
therefore be carefully watcht." 

Nov. 23. To Thomas Coram. — " S^ C. Wager is uncommonly 
good & kind, & I must pray you to get & send me the original 
forg'd letter & copies of the affidavits made against me by 
Auchmuty & Shirley. I suppose there's not a more finisht 
villain than the former in Christendom." " I once more 
desire you to put in practice an advertisement about Duke 
Trinkalo's moonshine estate, according to mine 20 Dec'' last ; 
it w^ finish him." 

Nov. 23. To Richard Partridge. — Wants some nuts and seeds. 

Nov. 26. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About his enemies, Jona- 
than's marrying, etc. '' I acquiesce in your postponing the 
delivery of the letter to S'^ C. W. about A — h — y's [Auchmu- 
ty's] removal till a more convenient season, but remov'd he 
must be, & in a little time. I lost XIOOO this currency % an 
unjust decree in his Court a few dayes agoe. He hardly ever 
finds in favour of the King, being doubtless brib'd to the 

Nov. 26. To Ellis Huske. — About the failure of the case in 

496 . APPEXDIX. [1739. 

the Admiralty Court, etc. '- 1 don't beleive there has been 
more villainy transacted for a long time than has been in 
this case." 

Nov. 26. To Mrs. Caswall. — Brotherly greetings. 

Nov. 2G. To the Lords of Trade. — About the defenceless con- 
dition of the Province, the danger of an Indian war, the 
paper currency, the complaint of " John North, Esq'^, & others 
residing in the eastern parts of this Province," etc. 

Nov. 28. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About James and Jere- 
miah Allen and his debt to the estate of John Lloyd, 

Dec. 3. To Messrs. Godfrey and Lloyd. — On the same subject. 

Dec. 3. To George Lloyd. — On the same subject. 

Dec. 3. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About the debt to Mr. 
Lloyd, etc. 

Dec. 3. To Lieut.-Gov. George Clarke. — About the settlement 
of the boundary line between New York and Massachusetts. 

Dec. 3. To Henry Sherburne. — About the defenceless state of 
New Hampshire. 

Dec. 3. To Ellis Huske. — About the papers relating to the 
seizure of the ship Caesar, James Roach master. 

Dec. 3. To Richard Waldron. — About coming to see the Gov- 
ernor, the appointment of Special Justices, etc. 

Dec. 5. Message to the Council and House of Representatives 
OP Massachusetts. — Recon^nends the passage of an act for 
the preservation of mast trees for the royal navy, and that 
provision should be made for calling in the outstanding bills 
of credit. 

Dec. 5. To Col. John Holman. — About some shingles to be 
carted to Milton. 

Dec. 8. To Joseph Pitkin. — Complains of the management of 
affairs at the mines. 

Dec. 8. To Mrs. Berwick. — About some pickles from 


Dec. 10. To Ellis Huske. — About the papers relating to the 
seizure, and sending forward his accounts. 

Dec. 10. To Richard Waldron. — About his enemies in New 
Hampshire, etc. 

Dec. 11. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About the debt to Mr. 
Lloyd, Jonathan's extravagance, etc. 

1739.] APPENDIX. 497 

Dec. 11. To Richard Partridge. — About getting Andrew 
Belcher appointed Register of the Court of Admiralty. 

Dec. 14. To Col. James Warren. — About the appointment of 
Benjamin Johnson of Bridgewater as a Deputy Sheriff. 

Dec. 17. To Ellis Huske. — About sending documents. 

Dec. 17. To Richard Waldron. — To similar purport. 

Dec. 18. To Richard Partridge. — Is preparing to send docu- 
ments to England. 

Dec. 24. To Messrs. Partridge and Belcher. — Transmits docu- 
ments in answer to the complaint of Jolm North and others. 
" I take the complaint to spring from Waldo's inveterate 
malice, who I beleive has almost exhausted himself in trying 
to settle a dukedom in the moon, but the strenuous opposi- 
tion he finds from the natives asserting their claim & right 
to those lands (and which this government are obliged by 
one treaty after another not to abuse them in) has vastly 
disappointed the man's wild and touring dreams. Upon the 
whole I hope to be approv'd by the King in this part of my 
conduct & that Waldo with his Irish herd will hang their 
heads & be ashamed of this malicious attempt." 

Dec. 24. To Henry Sherburne. — Hopes to go to Portsmouth 
at the end of next month. 

Dec. 24. To Ellis Huske. — Will transmit documents to Eng- 
land, " that justice may be finally obtained." 

Dec. 24. To Richard Waldron. — A few lines on personal 
matters, etc. 

Dec. 24. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — About the conference 
with the Indians, etc. 

Dec. 24. To Capt. George Townshend. — Friendly greetings. 

Dec. 24. To Messrs. Goizms. — Wishes them to forward letters. 

Dec. 26. To Col. John Stoddard. — On personal matters, etc. 

Dec. 26. To Messrs. Goizins. — Wishes them to forward more 

Dec. 31. To Capt. John Minot. — Advises him ^'to be prudent 
& cautious at all times with respect to the Indians," etc. 

Dec. 31. To Col. John Holman. — Forbids him to cut " a twig 
more of any sort on my farm [at Abington] without my 
special leave & order." 

Dec. 31. To John Dennis. — Has written to Captain Giles to 
treat him " with better respect & kindness," but if he still 


498 APPENDIX. [1739-40. j 

finds himself '' too uneasy," will find another chaplain '' to > 

go down <fe supply your place." 
Dec. 31. To Capt. Samuel Denny. — About military matters at 

the Eastward. 
Dec. 31. To Capt. John Giles. — Mainly on personal matters. 

Hopes he will be " wise & cautious " in his treatment of his 

minister and armorer who have complained of him. 
Dec. 31. To Richard Waldron.— Wishes him to be expeditious 

in sending the papers to be laid before Parliament. 


Jan. 8. To Richard Waldron. — About a further prorogation 
of the New Hampshire Assembly, etc. 

Jan. 10. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About selling the estate 
at Mortlake. 

Jan. 11. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — On the same subject. 

Jan. 14. To Henry Sherburne. — Will meet the Assembly in 
New Hampshire according to the prorogation. 

Jan. 18. To Richard Waldron. — "Sancho [Dunbar] still re- 
gales himself in the Fleet prison. What Trinkalo [Waldo] 
is doing I don't hear. According to my advices Sh — r — ly 
is to be the man if the clan prevails. The report I sent you 
is a fiat contradiction of most of the lyes they are bruiting in 
favour of the Spanish chap [Benning Wentworth], & from 
it you are as capable of forming a judgement on the present 
situation of affairs as I am." 

Jan. 21. To Henry Sherburne. — Is going to New Hampshire. 
" Cou'd the wicked wretches gain their ends your Province 
would produce a dreadfull scene of tyranny & oppression in 
taxes & every thing else. But God governs the world, & I 
hope will yet prevent such misery to the poor people." 

Jan. 21. To Messrs. Partridge and Belcher. — Encloses the 
letter to Horace Walpole, and desires them to go with Captain 
Coram to deliver it. 

Jan. 21. To Richard Partridge ; same to Jonathan Belcher, Jr. 
— Desires them to espouse the cause of Connecticut in a suit 
pending in England. 

Jan. 21. To Henry Newman. — Repeats a request for the origi- 
nal letter to Mr. Dummer. 

1739-40.] APPENDIX. 499 

Jan. 21. To Thomas Coram. — Will do what he can to serve 

Coram's nephews, Gamaliel Wallis and Brown. Has 

sent papers to Mr. Partridge relative to Waldo's claims to 
lands on George's River. Wishes to obtain from Mr. New- 
man "the preacher's letter," and from Sir Charles Wager 
"the villainous letter I have disprov'd. By the original I 
may find out the authour." Wishes Captain Coram and his 
wife to further Jonathan's marrying. 

Jan. 21. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — Aboutselling the farms 
at Mortlake. 

Jan. 21. To William Williams. — On the same subject. 

Jan. 24. To Richard Partridge. — Encloses the letter to Jona- 
than, which he wishes Mr. Partridge to " read gravely, then 
seal & send it him by the penny post, not letting him know 
you have read it." Wishes Mr, Partridge to advise him .and 
help him in getting into business, and in marrying. 

Jan. 25. To Richard Waldron. — Is going to New Hampshire. 
" God grant I & my friends may be possest of wise courage 
at this critical juncture to save your poor people fi'om becom- 
ing a sacrifice to the malice of wicked men." 

Jan. 25. To Joseph Pitkin. — About the management of the 
Simsbury mines. 

Jan. 25. To William Chandler. — About the sale of the Mort- 
lake estate. 

Jan. 25. To Picv. Ebenezer Williams. — On the same subject. 

Jan. 25. To John Foye. — On the same subject. 

Jan. 25. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About his differences 
with James and Jeremiah Allen. They have no intention 
to injure the Governor. 

Jan. 25. To Ephraim Hide. — Wishes him to pay the balance 
of his account to John Foye. 

Jan. 26. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Encloses a copy of yes- 
terday's letter. Would be pleased that he " may be in a good 
understanding with " Jeremiah Allen, if what James Allen 
said was true, but if it was not, "you know then how to 
behave accordmg to my former letters." Thinks the ac- 
quaintance of Mr. Joseph Fowler of Connecticut " may be of 
service to you," as he is a gentleman " of considerable figure 
in the law in that Colony, & has besides a good share of 
interest and influence in & over the government & people." 

500 APPENDIX. [1739-40. 

Jan. 28. To Richard Partridge. — Wishes him to do all he can 
for Connecticut, " & it may be a favourable article for bring- 
ing you into the Agency of that Province." 

Feb. 1. Message to the Council and House of Representatives 
OP New Hampshire. — [Printed in New Hampshire Provincial 
Pai)ers, vol. v. pp. 11, 12.] 

Feb. 4. To Jonathan Remington, from Portsmouth. — Wishes 
the cause of Denny and Turrell might be postponed. 

Feb. 8. To Mrs. Martha Fitch, from Portsmouth. — On family 
and personal matters. 

Feb. 8. To Andrew Belcher, from Portsmouth. — On personal 
matters, with pious exhortations. 

Feb. 15. To Walley, from Portsmouth. — A letter of per- 
sonal friendship. " While you was of my family your be- 
haviour was alwayes acceptable & your diligence & fidelity in 
my service, with your capacity for what might in time be more 
to your advantage readily resolv'd me to contribute thereto, 
when it might fall in my power." 

Feb. 15. To Benjamin Lynde, Jr., from Portsmouth. — About 
stopping at Salem on his return from New Hampshire. 

Feb. 15. To Rev. Joseph Sewall, from Portsmouth. — About 
the visit of Dr. Sewall's son to Portsmouth and Kittery, and 
the overfondness of parents for their children. 

Feb. 15. To Mrs. Martha Fitch, from Portsmouth. — On family 

Feb. 15. To S. Greenwood, from Portsmouth. — On personal 

Feb. 15. Message to the Council and House of Representatives 
OF New Hampshire. — [Printed in New Hampshire Provincial 
Papers, vol. v. p. 20.] 

Feb. 15. To Andrew Belcher, from Portsmouth. — On personal 

Feb. 22. To Benjamin Lynde, Jr., from Portsmouth. — Will 
dine with him in Salem. 

Feb. 22. To Major Stephen Greenleaf, from Portsmouth. — 
Will lodge at his house on his way home. 

Feb. 22. To Mrs. Caswall, from Portsmouth. — Will be 

" welcome to go on with me," on his return to Boston. 

Feb. 22. To Andrew Belcher, from Portsmouth. — About his 
return home. 

1739-40.] APPENDIX. 501 

Feb. 22. To Mrs. Martha Fitch, from Portsmouth. — On the 

same subject. 
Feb. 23. Message to the House of Representatives op New 

Hampshire. — [Printed in New Hampshire Provincial Papers, 

vol. V. p. 26.] 
Feb. 26. Message to the House op Representatives of New 

Hampshire. — [Printed in New Hampshire Provincial Papers, 

vol. V. p. 67.] 
March 3. To Lieut.-Gov. George Clarke. — About the settlement 

of the boundary line between New York and Massachusetts. 
March 3. To Mrs. Berwick. — About paying for pickles 

from Barbadoes. 
March 4. To the Lords of Trade. — Will strictly conform to the 

instructions he has received ; has dissolved the Assembly in 

New Hampshire. 
March 4. To Francis Wilks. — Wishes him to employ Jonathan 

Belcher, Jr. Must submit to the report of the Privy Council 

to the King. Thinks Mr. Partridge has a claim to one third 

of the money remitted to England on account of proceedings 

with regard to the Line. 
March 5. To Thomas Hill. — Complains that Benjamin Pollard 

detained a letter about affixing a seal to documents. 
March 5. To Richard Partridge. — About North's complaint, 

Waldo, and Pollard. 
March 6. To Josiah Burchett. — Has caused the instructions 

relating to ships with letters of marque or reprisal to be 

March 7. To Col. Thomas Westbrook. — Wants some more 

March 7. To John Frost. — On the same subject. 
March 7. To Richard Partridge. — Wants copies of the affidavits 

obtained while he was in New Hampshire. Is surprised he 

was not notified of Jonathan's draft for .£250 sterling. 
March 7. To Henry Sherburne. — Col. J. Sherburne will tell 

how affairs looked in England. " Perhaps B. W. may soon 

be with you & bring all the party expect." 
March 10. To Rev. William Shurtleff. — Thanks him for some 

writings " you gave me at Portsm*^," etc. 
March 10. To Richard Partridge. — Has sent to George's to get 

" contradictory evidence to the affidavits Waldo has taken," 

and wishes a hearing on them postponed. 

502 APPENDIX. [1740. 

March 10. To Mrs. William Tailer. — Wishes an old account 

Marcli 14. Message to the Massachusetts Council and House of 
Representatives. — [Printed in the Boston Weekly News- 
Letter, March 13-20.] 

March 14. To Capt. John Giles. — May dismiss his chaplain 
and ensign. A\'ants him to make an affidavit to the falsity 
of what Waldo says, and then come to Boston as soon as 

March 17. To Joseph Pitkin. — About their accounts. 

March 17. To Capt. William Vaughan. — About the organi- 
zation of his company of volunteers to explore the woods. 

March 20. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the sale of the 
estate at Mortlake. 

March 20. To Capt. William Chandler, Messrs. William Wil- 
liams, and Joseph Holland. — On the same subject. 

March 21. To Ephraim Hide. — Demands payment of an 

March 20. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About Hide's debt. 

March 24. To Mrs. Caswall. — Brotherly greetings on her 

return home. 

March 24. To Richard Waldron. — About the probable change 
as to New Hampshire, and the settlement of the Line. 

March 24. To the Lords of Trade. — Transmits the proceed- 
ings of the New Hampshire Assembly. 

March 24. To Richard Partridge. — Hopes the complaint of 
Samuel Waldo or John North and others will not be heard 
before the receipt of the evidence which he is preparing to 
send to England. 


March 31. To Mrs. Berwick. — Encloses payment in 

accordance with her receipt. 

March 31. To Henry Sherburne. — A few lines ; is expecting 
the arrival of the London ships, etc. 

March 31. To Richard Waldron. — About the expected arrival 
of the London ships, etc. " In case what we may most 
rationally expect should be, I shall with a compassionate eye 
weep over your people, not, I assure you, for my being sepa- 
rated from them ; but if wretches to obtain their points will 

1740.] APPENDIX. 503 

place the Devil at bottom, lyes, falsehood k forgeries o' top 
& on all sides, what must be expected, or rather what not, 
when they are crown'd with power ? " 

March 31. To Capt. Benjamin Larrabee. — About wood, etc. 

March 31. To Capt. John Minot. — About posts and rails, etc. 

March 31. To Capt. Savage. — About the probability of 

war, etc. 

March 31. To Capt. John Giles. — About the friendly feeling 
of the Indians and his coming to Boston "- to defend yourself 
against M"" Waldo's attempts to hurt you." 

March 31. To Capt. Otho Hamilton. — " It was very surprizing 
to hear of the tragedy Coll^ Armstrong acted on himself in 
his last moments & with so much sedateness & composure. 
God Almighty preserve us from all such horrid attempts." 

March 31. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. " I am glad to hear the 
Indians behave friendly ; at present it don't look much like a 
war with France. Yet it's best for you to be cautious & on 
your guard. I observe what you say about the preparations 
at Crown Point. If a French war should happen I beleive 
they'd soon get the Indians upon our frontiers." 

March 31. To Ellis Huske. — Is determined to pursue the 
matter of the seizure of Roach's vessel before the Lords of 
the Admiralty. 

March 31. To Capt. Thomas Smith. — About the probability of 
a war, etc. 

April 2. To Rev. • Ruggles. — Wishes him to assist John 

Whitfield in obtaining a deed of land. 

April 4. To the Lords of Trade. — Complains of the Massa- 
chusetts Assembly^ and wishes an answer to his letters. 
" There are, my Lords, at this time two or three schemes (or 
bubbles) going forward by private combinations for circulat- 
ing 3 or £400,000 in paper currency, & should they obtain, 
those British merchants who have effects here would be 
defrauded phaps ten shillings in the pound of their just dues, 
and these things would also bring innumerable evils upon 
this government & people, & I can't see any remedy to be 
apply'd but by an Act of Parliament forbidding on severe 
penalties the government & all private companies from pre- 
suming to make any such extraordinary experiments." 

April 4. To Capt. John Minot. — About relations with the 

504 APPEXDIX. [1740. 

Indians, etc., and preparing a narrative of Waldo's manage- 
ment with the Jesuit and the Indians, and coming to Boston 
with it. 

April 7. To the Duke of Newcastle. — Transmits the proceed- 
ings of the New Hampshire Assembly, and complains of 
them. " They are indeed a very poor Province, yet not so 
much so as to be unable to support the government. But 
they have other lurking reasons why they will not do their 

April 7. To Richard Waldron. — "I have no expectation of the 
new appointm*^ being delay 'd." 

April 7. To Col. Thomas Westbrook. — About " a parcel of oak 
stuffe for wainscoating." 

April 9. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the sale of his 
land in Connecticut, etc. 

April 21. To Ellis Huske. — About the complaints to be laid 
before the Lords of the Admiralty and the Commissioners 
of Customs. Thinks he had better come to Boston to meet 
Colonel Spotswood. 

April 21. To Henry Sherburne. — A few lines about publishing 
the declaration of war with Spain, etc. 

April 21. To Shadrach Walton. — To similar purport. 

April 21, To Alexander Spotswood. — Congratulates him on 
his appointment to the command of the troops proposed to 
be raised in America. Is glad he is coming to Boston. 
" This government have taken care for your Honour's enter- 
tainment & desire you to lodge at Maj"" Sewall's who had 
the honour of your acquaint^ at Lond" ab* 11 years ago." 

April 28. To Richard Waldron. — Wants him to prepare a 
paragraph to be printed in the paper about the publishing 
of the declaration of war. 

May 1. To Richard Waldron. — About the proclamations, etc. 
" I am now to acquaint you that I received two days since two 
letters from Lond'^ (way of Lix*), dated Jany 24 & Feb^ 12, 
both confirming that a new appointment would be very soon 
for New Hampshire, and that there was a great prospect of 
the same for Massachus"% and strong efforts making in 

behalf of S for the latter. Not a word mention'd of the 

Line, which may now sleep for twenty years longer." 

May 5. To Shadrach Walton. — " It 's an unlucky juncture to 

1740.] APPENDIX. 505 

be without powder in the fort, since the latest letters from 
England talk much of a French warr, which I pray God to 

May 5. To Henry Sherburne. — About publishing the declara- 
tion of war, beating up for volunteers, etc. 

May 6. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — Will recommend to the 
Assembly to put Fort Dummer into a better posture of 

May 8. To Richard Waldron. — Has news from England that 
the Line has been " setl'd intirely as the clan wou'd have it." 

May 8. To Francis Wilks. — Is sorry to hear of his ill health, 
thanks him for his kind services and intentions. " I am 
sensible I never stood more in need of the good offices of 
my friends than at this juncture." 

May 9. '• To my good & worthy friends, the people call'd Qua- 
kers, in G* Britain. — Thanks them for '' the great respect & 
friendship you have manifested to me upon the many efforts 
my enemies have been making to have the comiss"^^ I have 
the honour to hold superseded," and assures them that " I 
shall take all occasions to return the late kind offices you 
have acted tow**^ me in evry reason* way & manner y can be 
desired or expected." 

May 9. To Hyam ; same to John Gurney. — Sends his 

grateful acknowledgments for their kind offices to the King's 
ministers, and will regard any service which he can render 
them or their Friends as an obligation laid on him. 

May 12. To Richard Waldron. — A few lines on New Hamp- 
shire affairs. 

May 12. To Col. John Stoddard. — About the new boundary 
line, and securing volunteers for the ^' great affair." 

May 11. To the Commanding Officer at Castle William. — 
Orders him to receive some recruits for the garrison at 
Annapolis Royal. 

May 12. To George Thomas, Governor of Pennsylvania — About 
the arrest of one Robert Jenkins for forging the bills of your 

May 12. To George Clarke, Lieutenant-Governor of New York. 
— About an amicable settlement of the boundary line between 
Massachusetts and New York. 

May 12. To Capt. Peter Warren. — Desires that the men be- 


506 APPENDIX. [1740. 

longing to Major Sewall's vessel may not be taken from 

May 12. To Capt. George Townshend. — To the same purport. 

May 12. To Sir Robert Walpole ; Duke of Newcastle ; Earl 
OF Wilmington. — Com})lains of his enemies; ''they have not 
stuck at lying & forgeries to obtain an opportunity of wreak- 
ing their boundless malice upon me." The Assemblies have 
been " so strait & stingy in their grants for my support that 
I have been obliged to spend every year considerably of my 
own fortune to live in some measure equal to the dignity of 
his Majesty's commissions." 

May 14. To Capt. John Clark. — About repairing the fort at 

May 15. To Sir Charles Wager. — About the persecutions of 
his implacable enemies. " Hard is my case to be follow'd 
with lyes, forgeries & every vile thing my enemies can invent 
& practice. How base, how mean & false was the attempt 
made on your Honour in the forg'd letter deliver'd you, as 
I am told, by M'* Sam^ Waldo, of which he must be the authour, 
unless he can tell where he had it, but I have no doubt it 
was contriv'd & wrote between him & Dunbar. How is it 
possible, S"" Charles, for a gent°^ to defend himself ag such 
dark, cursed practices ? but when they are discover'd me- 
thinks it shou'd open the eyes of the King's ministers, & 
such men should lose all c' & reputation with them. No 
Gov"" in the Plantations has so faithfully asserted & main- 
tain'd the honour and the prerogative of the Crown as I 
liave, & to the continual disgust of the Assemblies, who have 
therefore in a manner starv'd me ever since I have been in 
the government, for they have never granted me sufficient 
for my annual support." 

May 15. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Advises him to cultivate 
the best acquaintance he can with the Solicitor General. 
Has no objections to his marrying Miss Hatfield, " onely I 
wish the fortune was bigger." Wishes Jonathan could get 
into Parliament. Wants his annual account, and more fre- 
quent letters, " for I will no longer suffer your mal-trcatment 
of me in that article." 

May 15. To Richard Partridge. — " The Collector of New 
Hampshire being dead, why may n't Sh — r — ly succeed him ? 

1740.] APPENDIX. 507 

or if he must be made bigger, why may n't he have the gov- 
ernment of New Hampshire if I must lose it ? " 

May 15. To Samuel Holden. — Has not heard from him for a 
long time. 

May 15. To Charles Gray. — Thanks him for " the kind men- 
tion you make of me in yours " to Mr. Peagrum. 

May 16. To Sir Jacob Ackworth. — To introduce Mr. James 

May 19. To Edward Winslow, Sheriff of Suffolk County. — 
Orders him to assist the Surveyor-General of Customs, in the 
search for contraband goods. 

May 19. To Richard Waldron. — About Waldron's resignation 
of his offices, putting something into the papers to affect the 
elections, etc. 

May 19. To George Thomas, Governor of Pennsylvania. — 
About arresting Robert Jenkins, an alleged forger. 

May 19. To Col. Alexander Spotswood. — About the pay of the 
troops to be raised to serve in the expedition under Lord 

May 20. To James Griffin. — Wishes him a good voyage, etc. 

May 20. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Thinks he has sold the 
estate at Mortlake. 

May 20. To Messrs. Partridge and Belcher. — Sends affidavits 
about Waldo and the Eastern settlements. 

May 20. To Richard Partridge. — About the settlement of their 
accounts, his enemies, raising troops for the Spanish expedi- 
tion, and Jonathan's expenses. " If you can finally keep me 
in at New Hampshire, as well as Massachusetts, it will be a 
noble victory & a fine issue & deliverance from all the trouble 
& danger I have been in, but this I hardly hope ; nay, I am 
told that my enemies write 7 days after the date of your letter 
that a new commiss'^ would be made out for Mass* in 5 or 6 
days. No doubt the woman at home [Mrs. Shirley], with 
Waldo, Dunbar, Tomlinson & the rest of my enemies perse- 
cute the Duke perpetually to gain their end, yet I really be- 
leive an earnest letter sign'd by M"" Gurney, Hyam &, some 
other of your principal Friends & directed to S^ Rob would 
still secure me in both provinces." 

May 22. To Richard Waldron. — Surprised at the decision 
about the boundary line. 

508 APPENDIX. [1740. 

Maj 22. To Richard Partridge. — About Sharp's bill, which 
should be charged to the Province, and not to Belcher's 
personal account. 

May 26. To Richard Waldron. — About Elisha Cooke, Paul 
Dudley, and the settlement of the boundary line. 

May 26. To Gabriel Johnson, Governor of North Carolina. — 
xibout his failure to obtain some hemp-seed. 

May 26. To Mrs. Allen. — Thanks for a letter ; would be 

glad to have some nuts and seed potatoes. 

May 27. To Ephraim Hide. — Wants to have his account. 

May 28. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — About the sale of the 
Mortlake estate. 

May 27. To Capt. Godfrey Malbone. — About the Mortlake 

May 27. To John Foye. — Instructions for his journey to Mort- 

May 29. Speech to the Council and House of Representatives 
OF Massachusetts. — [Printed in the Boston Weekly News- 
Letter, May 29 to June 5.] 

June 2. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About his expenses, 
marrying, and getting into Parliament, etc. " I have for 
some time had repeated accounts, & some of 'em from your 
very good friends of the strangeness & distance you practice 
to your countrymen, which makes them mark you as haughty 
& supercilious. I am sure you never learn'd any part of that 
temper of me ; no the care of my life has been to converse 
with all mankind in all the courtesy, affability & condescention 
I possibly could ; and if you go on in the manner represented 
to me, instead of gaining love & esteem you will become the 
object of hatred & contempt." 

June 3. To Horace Walpole. — About the Governor's refusal 
to admit Paul Dudley to be a member of the Council. 

June 4. To the Duke of Newcastle. — About raising volunteers 
for the expedition against the Spanish West Indies. 

June 5. To Richard Partridge. — About the emission of paper 
currency in the plantations, the boundary line, the efforts 
of his enemies to have him removed, his quarrel with Paul 
Dudley, raising volunteers for the expedition, etc. " I should 
think such vast affairs as are now on tlie tapis should so fill 
the heads & hands of the King's ministers as that they 

1740.] APPENDIX. 509 

should not think it worth while to create themselves new 
troubles of putting out Gov" onelj to provide for other men 
that are starving, as in the case of the poor, ungratefuU 
Sh — 1 — J. In short, it was matter of wonder even to my 
enemies that a broken lawyer of so mean figure here should 
be in nomination to be Gov"^ of this countrey, of which he is 
so ignorant & of the affairs of government." As for Dudley, 
" to accept him till he writes me a handsome letter of sub- 
mission would render me the most mean, abject, contemptible 
creature in the sight of the whole people." 

June 5. To Capt. Peter Warren. — About his captures at St. 

June 5. To Admiral Edward Yernon. — Recommends Colonel 
Wendell to his favour. 

June 11. To Rev. Ebenezp]r Williams. — The proposed sale to 
Captain Malbone has fallen through ; wishes Mr. Williams to 
sell the land. 

June 11. To Capt. Giles Hall. — To introduce Mr, Brenton, 
who is desirous of buying the farm at Middletown, Conn. 

June 12. To Rev. Ebenezer Williams. — Wishes him to come 
to Boston to consult about the sale of the four farms. 

June 14. To Col. Zaccheus Mayhew. — Desires that two pilots, 
John Cozens and Thomas Claghorn, should be excused from 
serving as constables. 

June 13. To Col. Thomas Berry; Richard Saltonstall; Icha- 
BOD Plaisted; Joseph Gerrish. — Desires that Colonel Epps 
should be allowed to enlist men for a regiment of horse. 

June 14. To Capt. Joseph Kellogg. — Is trying to find proper 
officers to fill the posts which Captain Kellogg desires to resign. 

June 16. To Henry Sherburne. — About enlisting men for the 
expedition, the settlement of the Line, and the emission of 
paper currency. 

June 16. To Richard Waldron. — Despondent view of the state 
of affairs in Massachusetts. 

June 16. To Gov. George Thomas. — About searching Jenkins's 
baggage on the arrival of any ship from London. 

June 16. To Capt. Godfrey Malbone. — About the value of the 
buildings and farms in Connecticut. 

June 23. To Capt. Godfrey Malbone. — About concluding a 
bargain for the farms. 

510 APPENDIX. [1740. 

June 23. Speech to the Council and House of Representatives 
OP Massachusetts. — [Printed in the Boston Weekly News- 
Letter, June 19-26.] 

June 30. To Lieut.-Gov. George Clarke. — Desires him to 
keep a good look-out for a supposed smuggler and Illicit 

June 30. To John Wanton, Governor of Rhode Island. — To 
the same purport. 

June 30. To Henry Sherburne. — About enlisting men for the 
proposed expedition and holding an Assembly at Exeter. 

June 30. To Richard Waldron. — About relations with the 
Indians, Paul Dudley, and convening an Assembly at Exeter. 

June 30. Speech to the Council and House of Representatives 
of Massachusetts. — [Printed in the Boston Evening Post, 
July 7.] 

June 30. To Col. William Blakeney. — Congratulates him on 
his arrival in America, will be " proud of every opportunity 
of demonstrating my duty & zeal to his Majesty's service in 
the great affair now upon the tapis,^^ and would rejoice to 
see him in these parts. 

June 30. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About the expedition 
against the Spanish West Indies. Should the " measures so 
wisely concerted succeed & the Island of Cuba be reduced to 
the obedience of the Crown of Great Britain it would reflect 
such a lustre & glory on his Majesty's reign as is not to be 
seen in the annals of any of his royal predecessors." 

June 30. To Richard Partridge. — " The Assembly have voted 
me <£ 3,600 this currency." Will try to make a remittance 
to Mr. Partridge ; is exerting himself to promote the success 
of the intended expedition. 

June 30. To tlie Duke of Newcastle. — About the "glorious 
undertaking " against the Spanish West Indies. 

June 30. To Dinwiddie. — About paying for his hangings. 

July 7. To Col. William Blakeney. — About the intended 

July 7. To Henry Sherburne. — Is going to New Hamp- 
shire, etc. 

July 7. To Col. John Gilman. — To the same purport. 

July 7. To Shadrach Walton. — Desires him to summon a 
Council to advise about issuing proclamations. 

1740.] APPENDIX. 511 

July 7. To Ellis Huske. — "I have had no expectation of ob- 
taining justice for the King & his officers from such a pack 
of villains, & with such an uncommon one at their head." 

July 9. Speech to the Council and House of Representatives 
OF Massachusetts. — [Printed in the Boston Evening Post, 
July 14.] 

July 11. To Capt. Charles Church. — Has received and paid for 
some oxen. 

July 11. To DiNWiDDiE. — About paying for his hangings. 

July 11. Address to the Council of Massachusetts. — Desires 
their advice whether he is authorized to consent to an act 
for repairing the wharf, etc., at Castle Island, and purchasing 
military stores. 

July 14. To Henry Sherburne. — Is going to New Hampshire. 
'' We must counter-work the party, & perhaps all their malice 
may at last be defeated." 

July 14. To Col. William Pepperrell. — About taking pre- 
cautions in case of an Indian war. 

July 14. To Col. William Blakeney. — Has received directions 
for paying the men raised for the Spanish expedition. De- 
sires particular directions as to the manner of paying. " In 
obedience to his Majesty's orders of 5 of April last I expect 
'to raise a thousand men in this Province besides what I raise 
in my other government of New Hampshire, whether I am 
going the 21 of this month to put life into this affair there, 
& if I succeed, as I have reason to beleive I shall, I hope to 
send Coll^ Gooch from both my governments twelve hundred 
men, for which the subsistence according to your estimate 
will be upwards <£ 4,000 sf^. In duty to his Majesty I think 
it proper to let you know this in time that there be no dis- 
appointm* in any respect to the King's service." 

July 14. To Lieut.-Gov. George Clarke. — Encloses letters for 
Colonel Gooch and Colonel Blakeney. " The ship mention^ 
in my last has been since seiz*^ by the people of Rh*^ IsP & 
carry'd into Newport with her loading." 

July 14. To Col. William Gooch. — About raising men for 
the expedition against the Spanish West Indies. '' You '11 
please to dispatch to me commissions to compleat the ten 
companies I am raising & some spare commissions for what 
I may be able to raise in my government of New Hamp, 

512 APPENDIX. [1740. 

whither I am going the 21 instant to posh forward this im- 
portant affair in that Province, tho' it is so thin of people & 
estate that I have but little expectation from them, yet I will 
do the best I can for the service. Perhaps I may get a com- 
pany of a hundred men." 

July 15. To the Lords of Trade. — Informs them of the acts 
passed by the last General Assembly. Desires to receive 
peremptory orders from the King about emissions of paper 
money. Expects to raise a thousand men in Massachusetts 
for the Spanish expedition. 

July 16. To Capt. Francis Percival. — About joining Admiral 
Vernon and procuring men for his vessel. 

July 17. To Capt. Francis Percival. — About the military and 
naval preparations. 

July 17. To Shadrach Walton. — As he will be detained 
longer than he expected, orders the New Hampshire Assem- 
bly to be adjourned. 

July 17. To Richard Waldron. — Encloses the foregoing letter. 

July 21. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — About his expenses and 
being settled in life. '•' Had I imagin'd you would not have 
been handsomely and honourably setl'd in the world after 
9 years study, & at so great an expence, you had stay'd o' 
this side the water or return'd some years agoe, & yet in all 
this I don't tax you with any breach of duty, or with any 
fault except that money slips tliro' your fingers too glibly, & 
perhaps you will think so if you live to wade thr6 as many 
difficulties in life as I have." 

July 21. To Col. William Blakeney. — About raising men for 
the Spanish expedition. " If after all the quota for my two 
governments must be confin'd to 400 men, it will be a great 
baulk to the government, y^ officers & men ; yet I should be 
glad to know the determination as soon as possible, & 
whether I am to expect the further commissions & subsist- 
ence money to make up ten companies." 

July 21. To Switzer. — An order for nuts and seeds. 

July 22. To Col. John Stoddard. — About raising men for the 
expedition and the appointment of a new sheriff. 

July 28. To Jonathan Belcher, Jr. — Wants things sent which 
he has ordered. 

July 28. To Ellis Huske. — Wishes to have " an authentick 

1740.] APPENDIX. 513 

copy of the transactions about Roach in the Court of Ad- 
miralty " when he goes to Portsmouth. 

July 28. To Shadrach Walton. — Expects to be in New Hamp- 
shire at the appointed time ; if not, desires to have the As- 
sembly adjourned to the next day. 

July 28. To Lieut.-Gov. George Clarke. — Forwards letters, 

July 28. To John Scrope. — Thanks him for civilities to Mr. 
Partridge. Desires his good offices with Sir Robert Walpole. 

July 28. To Whitworth. — Thanks him for civilities to 

Mr. Partridge and for his good offices with the Duke of 

July 28. To Sir Charles Wager. — Thanks him for his inter- 
cessions with the Duke of Newcastle, and desires a warrant 
for Andrew Belcher to be Register of the Court of Admiralty. 
" I would humbly beg of you to favour me so far as to let 
my brother, M'^ Partridge have the forg'd letter which was