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Full text of "Collins historical sketches of Kentucky : history of Kentucky"

lOEMSU'Cl^Sf ip[S^'£)S]MI5'© . 



Himtj fui R>':liani H Ci'lTmsftmcuv (ifMftci;,- 



COLLINS- HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF KENTUCKY. 



HISTORY 



KENTUCKY: 



By the late LEWIS COLLmS, 

Judge of the Mason CounV^ Court. 



RICHARD H. COLLINS, A.M., LL.B. 

EMBRACING 

PRE-HISTORIC, ANNALS FOR 331 YEARS, OUTLINE, AND BY COUNTIES, STATISTICS, 
ANTIQUITIES AND NATURAL CURIOSITIES, GEOGRAPHICAL AND GEOLOGICAL 
DESCRIPTIONS, SKETCHES OF THE COURT OF APPEALS, THE CHURCHES, 
FREEMASONRY, ODD FELLOWSHIP, AND INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS, 
INCIDENTS OF PIONEER LIFE, AND NEARLY FIVE HUNDRED 
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF DISTINGUISHED PIONEERS, 
SOLDIERS, STATESMEN, JURISTS, LAWYERS, SUR- 
GEONS, DIVINES, MERCHANTS, HISTORIANS, 
EDITORS, ARTISTS, ETC., ETC. 



VOL. I. 

Dlustrated by 84 Portraits, a Map of Kentucky, and 70 other Engravings. 

A.. 




COVINGTON, KY.: 

PUBLISHED BY COLLINS & CO. 

1874. 



iqu^i 



ILLUSTRATIONS. ^ ^- 



. Kentucky Historians Frontispiece. 

. Portrait of Humphrey Marshall " 

. Portrait of Mann Butler " 

. Portrait of John A. McClung " 

. Portrait of Lewis Collins " 

. Portrait of Richard H. Collins " 

. Seal of Kentucky Title page 

. Fae-Simile Signatures 16 

. Signature of Dr. Thomas Walker. 16 

. Signature of Christopher Gist 16 

. Signature of Daniel Boone 16 

, Signature of George Washington... 16 

, Signature of Simon Kenton 16 

, Signature of Patrick Henry 16 

. Signature of George Rogers Clark. 16 

, Signature of Alexander D.Orr 16 

, Kentucky Lawyers 179 

Portrait of Jos. Hamilton DaTeiss..l79 

Portrait of Robert Wickliffe 179 

, Portrait of Ben. Hardin 179 

Portrait of Gen. Humphrey Marshalll79 
. Portrait of Madison C. Johnson. ...179 
Kentucky Editors and Publishers.200 

Portrait of John Bradford 200 

Portrait of Thomas T. Skillman....200 

Portrait of Joel Reid Lyle 200 

Portrait of Amos Kendall 200 

Portrait of George D. Prentice 200 

P.irtrait of Albert G. Hodges 200 

Portrait of Walter N. Haiaeman...200 

Chicago Fire 219 

Kentucky Physicians and Surgeons220 

Portrait of Ephraim McDowell 220 

Portrait of Daniel Drake 220 

Portrait of Benjamin W. Dudley. ..220 

Portrait of Joshua T. Bradford 220 

Portrait of Robert Peter 220 

Kentucky Pioneers 247 

Portrait of Daniel Boone 247 

Portrait of Simon Kenton 247 

Portrait of Gen. Geo. Rogers Clark..247 

Portrait of Gov. Isaac Shelby 247 

Portrait of William Stewart 247 

Cabin of a Pioneer 329 

Kentucky Statesmen .351 

Portrait of Henry Cltiy 351 

Portrait of John Rowan 351 

Portrait of John J. Crittenden 351 

Portrait of James Guthrie 351 

Portrait of Richard H. Menefee 351 

Kentuckians who were President 
or Vice-President 357 



!. Portrait of Zachary Taylor 357 

;. Portrait of Abraham Lincoln 357 

:. Portrait of Richard M. Johnson 357 

.. Portrait of John C. Breckipridge...357 

;. Portrait of David R. Atchison 357 

'. Portrait of Jefferson Davis 357 

I. Kentucky Union Officers 362 

I. Portrait of Gen. Robert Ander3on..362 

I. Portrait of Gen. Wm. Nelson 362 

. Portrait of Gen. Lovell H. Rousseau362 

;. Portrait of Gen. Jere. T. Boyle 362 

. Portrait of Gen. Thos.L.Crittenden362 
. Portrait of Gen. Thomas J. Wood..362 
. Portrait of Gen. John W. Finnell..362 

. Kentucky Confederate officers 363 

. Portrait of Gen. Albert Sidney 

Johnston 363 

;. Portrait of Gen. Lloyd Tilghman...363 
. Portrait of Gen. John H. Morgan. .363 

. Portrait of Gen. John B. Hood 363 

. Portrait of Gen. Simon B. Buckner363 
. Portrait of Gen. William Preston. ..363 
. Portrait of Gen. George B. Hodge. .363 

. Kentucky Clergymen 416 

. Portrait of Bishop Henry B. Bascom416 
. Portrait of Bishop Benj. B. Smith.416 
. PortraitofArchbishopM.J.Spalding416 
. Portrait of Elder Barton W. Stone416 

. Portrait of Rev. Horace Holley 416 

. Portrait of Rev. John C. Young. ..416 
. Portrait of Rev. John L. Waller.. .416 

. Kentucky Judges 493 

. Portrait of Robert Trimble 493 

. Portrait of George M. Bibb 493 

. Portrait of William Owsley 493 

. Portrait of George Robertson 493 

. Portrait of Aaron K. Woolley 493 

. Portrait of Elijah C. Phister 493 

. Portrait of Wm. Henry Wadsworth493 
. Kentucky Rail Road Presidents... .537 

. Portrait of John L. Helm 537 

. Portrait of Richard Collins 537 

. Portrait of Wm. A. Dudley 537 

. Portrait of Edward D. Hobbi 537 

. Portrait of H. D. Newcomb 537 

. Portrait of Zachary F. Smith 537 

. Portrait of James Weir 537 

. Kentucky Artists 619 

. Portrait of Matt. H. Jouett 619 

O.Portrait of Joseph H. Bush 619 

l.Portraitof Joel T. Hart 619 

2.Portrait of Thomas S. Noble 619 



according to Act of Congress in the year 1S74, by 

RICHARD H. COLLINS, 
: of the Librarian of Congress^at Washington, D. C. 



^.\^^ 



To HIS Father, 

JUDGE LEWIS COLLINS, 

WHOSE LABOES, IN 1846-7, AS A HISTOKIAN OF KKNTDCKY, WEEE MOST 
APPEECIATED AETEB HIS DEATH, IN 1870 ; 

TO THE 
KEXTUCKY ZEGISZAXUliE of 1869-71, 

WHICH, BY COKTKACTING FOR COPIES OF IT AS A FOUNDATION FOB PUBLIC SCHOOL 

LIBRAEIES THROUGHOUT THE STATE, GENEEOUSLY AND CONFIDINQEY 

ENCOUEAQED IIS PUBLICATION ; 

TO THOSE MEMBERS OF THE 
KENTUCKY IEOISZAXVUKS of 1871-73 and 1873-75, 

WHOSE JUSTICE AND LIBERALITY SUSTAINED THE ACTION OF THAT OF 1869-71 ; 

AND TO THE 
Hon, FJtAyCIS FOUD, of Covi7}gton, and other noble Friends, 

WHOSE GENEROUS AND HEAETY APPEOVAL AND KIND WOEDS ENCOURAGED HIM, 

AMID UNWOETHY OPPOSITION AND UNFORESEEN OBSTACLES, DURIN0 

THE FOUR YEARS OF ITS PREPARATION ; 

THIS WORK 
IS AFFECTIONATELY INSCRIBED BY 

THE AUTHOR 



' See the Preface, in Vol. II, pp. 4-10. "^23 



REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS IN KENTUCKY. 



Kextuckt owed most of her remarkable intellectual development, at an 
early day in her history, to the fact that at the close of the Revolutionary 
war in 1781 many of the most intellectual and cultivated of the officers and 
soldiei's in that war from the states of Virj^inia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, 
and Maryland — being unsettled in their homes and business by its great 
duration, privations, and calamities — sought new homes in the then richest 
land in the known world. Thus, the times and the country itself, the very 
life of hardship, self-denial, and self-dependence, combined to make a race 
seldom equalled in the world for strength of intellect and will, physical and 
moral courage, personal prowess and personal endurance. Never did a popu- 
lation so small in numbers embrace so many who were giants in intellect, 
giants in daring, and all but giants in physical proportions. 

The following list of Revolutionary soldiers, many of them officers, who 
■were still living in Kentucky in 1840 — nearly sixty years after that soldier- 
life had closed — will show how the remarkable healthfulness of the climate 
and the simple and steady habits of those men and their widows conduced to 
long life. And what is still more remarkable than the great age attained by 
them, is that, even at that great age, over two-thirds (nearly three-fourths) 
of them were still the heads of families, and themselves housekeepers — not 
content to live with, much less be dependent upon, their children or others; 
BO strangely and strongly and sternly was the spirit of personal independence 
implanted in their natures by their very mode of life. 

ijut this list — remarkable as it is for showing how many Revolutionary 
soldiers emigrated to Kentucky and were still living and citizens thereof in 
1840 — eontains the names of probably less than one-third of those who re- 
moved to Kentucky. Until about 1830, the pension laws embraced only the 
permanently wounded and invalid soldiers. Many refused a pension alto- 
gether, declaring they could support themselves, and would not seem dependent 
ftnf even a portion of their bread upon a country whose liberties they had 
fought to obtain, and were willing to fight again to preserve. And many 
died, or fell victims to Indian vengeance, in the long interval from 1780 to 
1814, and from 1814 to 1840. A few whose names are in the list, it is evi- 
dent from their age, were too young to be in the Revolutionary war, except 
as drummers or wagon-boys; while a few others were probably in the Indian 
wars soon after the Revolution. The figures indicate their age, in 1840. 



Adair Count!/. 


James McElroy SO 


John Cosby 99 


Michael Moores 84 


Henry Armstrong 85 


Stephen Merritt 78 


John Duff 80 


Holman Rice 82 


Elisha Bailey 75 


Daniel Pitchford 79 


Thomas Goodman 77 


John Sims 79 


Thomas Cochran 77 


George Stovall 79 


Thomas Green 77 


Richard Thomas 81 


Alexander Elliott 75 


Dorcas Alexander 74 


Ambrose Huffman 86 




Samuel Ellis 79 


Nancy Gatewood 74 


Absalom Hughe3 86 


Boone County. 


John Hamilton 83 


Elizabeth Wright 81 


Jonathan Hunt 80 


Joseph Barlow 80 


Zach. Holliday 78 




R'dham Lawrence 78 


William Brady 81 


William Hurtt 82 


Anderson County. 


John Renfro 80 


Jacob Brenno 86 


James Iivin 85 


Reuben Boston 75 


Philemon Sanders 78 


Peter Brumback 87 


William James 82 


George Jordan 87 


Frederick Smith 86 


John H. Craig 77 


John Montgomery78 


Roadham Petty 89 


John Watson 77 


Daniel Goff SO 


William Mosby 85 


James Robertson 86 


Liddy Harris 78 


Richard Hubbell 74 


Solomon Royce 76 


Benjamin Warford89 


Margaret Higdon 74 


Cave Johnson 79 


William Wornack 76 


Jane Hawkins 77 


Sarah Key 78 


A. Ross 77 


Thomas White 77 


Ann Hill 75 




Hugh Steers 81 


Philip Winfrey 76 




Bath County. 


John Tomlinson 81 




Barren Couniy. 


Moses Botta 94 


George Vest 80 


Allen County. 


Callam Bailey 92 


William Boyd 74 


JerushaAlexanderSe 


John Brooks 86 


Richard Bailey 78 


Josiah Collins S3 


Elizabeth Allen 63 


John Durham 88 


William Bell 89 


Gordon Griffin 86 


Jane Bridges 74 


ChristopherHainesSO 


William Carson 80 


William Kearns 84 




Michael Hatter 81 


Philip Carter, 74 


Andrew Lipam 81 


Bourbon County. 


George T. Hector 89 


John Cole 88 


James McElhany 80 


Archibald Bell 84 



(5) 



REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS. 



Afm. B. Branham 77 


Michael Freeman 76 


Clinton County. 


William Davis 83 


John Brest, Sen. 81 


Solomon Freer 76 


Nicodemus Barnes 80 


Hugh Drennon 80 


George Bryan 82 


Major Groom 75 


John Davis 83 


Daniel Terhune 81 


IsaiicClinkinbeardSl 


John Hart 88 


John Miller 78 


John Frazier 78 


James Davis 79 


Judith Freeman 80 


Richard Wade 88 


Joseph Goddard 79 


John Debruler 92 




James Woody 79 


Alex. Humphreys 86 


Nathaniel Harris 81 


Calloway County. 


Charles Worsham 88 


Peter Mauzy 80 


Andrew Hawcs 94 


Joseph Dunn 89 


Frances Pierce 81 


Patrick McCann 80 


Thomas Hays 80 


Nathan Frizell 82 




John McKee 88 


Benjamin Henniss 80 


Charles Galloway 83 


Cumberla7id County. 


John Page 78 


John Hinkson 69 


Nicholas Henson 81 


Elijah Bledsoe 68 


William Proctor 82 


Joseph Jackson 85 


KimbroughOgilvie7S 


Thomas Brothers 62 


Burtis Ringo 78 


EdwardMcConneII68 


Rolling Stone 76 


Thomas Cash, Sen. 65 


Redman Smith 80 


AVm.Seott, Sen. 67 


Peter Waterficld 80 


Abram Esters 68 


ElizabethMadden 87 


Abner Shropshire 76 


William Wilkins 81 


John Gibson 95 




Michael Smith 88 




Martin Grider 88 


Floyd County. 


Joseph L. Stevens 76 


Campbell Ccnmty. 


John Hurtt 71 


Thos. C. Brown 80 


Henry Towles 54 


Wm. DeCourcey 85 


Joseph Jewell 88 


Anthony Hall 78 


Henry Wiggington 84 


Joseph Dickens 75 


George King 90 


Mexico Pitts 75 


Henry Wilson 84 


Thos. Harris, Sen. 93 


Solomon Prewet, 


John Porter 74 


Phoebe Prichard 78 


Nicholas Long 85 


Sen. 96 


CudbethStone,Sen.80 




Jacob Mcfford 77 


John Self 78 


Reuben Thacker 65 


Bracken County. 


Edward Morin 96 


James Sewel 85 


Benedict Walkins 84 


James Arbuckle 80 


Wm. Orcutt, Sen. 81 


Samuel Smith 98 


Philip Williams 87 


John Hamilton 76 


Henry Smith 90 




Patsey Harris 85 


John King 78 


Benjamin Sutton 86 


Daviess County. 


Rebecca Henrel 90 


M'm. King, Sen. 80 


Samuel Todd 83 


Benjamin Field 84 


Amy Justice 80 


William Sargent 81 




Charles Hansford 80 


Sally Maore 80 


Barth'mcw Taylor 80 


Carroll County. 


James Jones 79 


Elizabeth Preston 85 


John J. Thomas 82 


James Coghill 82 


Benjamin Tayloe 84 






John Been, Sen. 84 




Franklin County. 


Breathitt County. 


David Driskill 79 


Estill Cminty. 


James Biscoe 80 


Jesse Bowling 82 


Amos V. Matthews79 


William Harris 72 


John Crutcher 78 


Drury Bush 82 


Robert Scott 77 


Wm.Johnson,Sen.8I 


Silas Douthard 76 


Roger Turner 83 


John Short 78 


Andrew Leckey 78 


Robert Hedges 80 






Ambrose Powell 79 


John McDonald 75 


Breckinridge County. 


Carter County. 


Joseph Proctor 86 


Virgil Poe 83 


James Bramlette 78 


William Bates 77 


John Stufflebean 101 


George Swingle 83 


John Goattey 88 




Mary Eastes 81 


Charles Tyler 78 


George PuUen 81 


Casey County. 


Martha Elkina 74 


Frances Brown 85 


George Seaton 86 


James Carson 70 


Susan Horn 77 


Mrs. Etherton 90 


James Wells 77 


Jacob CotFman 84 


BarbaraMeadowes91 


Mrs.PollyReading78 


Susanna Sharp 71 


John Royalty 70 


Barbara Noland 80 






Wm. Sutherland 95 


Elizabeth Ward 107 


Gallatin County. 


Bullitt County. 


Elizabeth Haifley 83 


Susan Winkler 81 


John Birks 67 


Lawrence Bishop 79 




Phebe Witt 82 


James Furnish 74 


John Buzan 84 


Christian County. 




Charles Goins 71 


Jacob Hubbs 78 


John Cain 77 


Fayette County. 


Jere'hHavdon,Sen.78 


John Humphrey 77 


Jonathan Clark 81 


Thomas Clark 85 


Abijah North 80 


Joseph Lloyd 79 


William Gray 86 


Daniel Cowgill 85 


WilliamThompson77 


Reuben Northern 81 


Isaac Palmer 93 


AbrahamFergu50n79 


Mary Slaughter 89 


Larkin Pilkenton 70 


James Sullenger 77 


John Fowler 85 




Isaac Skinner 8.3 


Charles Thomas 76 


Fielding Jeter 81 


Gan-ard County. 


John Stringer 85 


Thomas Woolsey 79 


Lyttleton Jeter 86 


Robert Brank 79 






John Graves, Sen. 83 


John Buford 73 


Butler County. 


Clark County. 


Randall Haley 84 


Goldsb'ryChilders 85 


William Beasley 78 


Smallwood Acton 82 


James Lafon 78 


John Crutchfield 87 


John Clark 103 


John Arnold 86 


James McDowell 84 


Averriler Edging- 


Matt.Kuykcndall 82 


Lincefield Bur- 


Joseph Mosby 84 


ton 75 


Jesse Scofield 83 


bridge 80 


John Peck 70 


John Floyd 82 


John Sorrell 81 


James Bush 83 


CorneliusSullivan 84 


William Haggard 84 


Mark Whitaker 92 


Vaehel Faudro 79 


Sarah Bowman 84 


David Kennedy 70 


Abner Wornack 76 


Reuben Franklin 86 


Francis Epperson 90 


Timothy Logan 84 




Thomas Lowry 79 


Francis Falconer 79 


Thos. Ramsey ,Sen. 85 


Caldwell County. 


Richard Oliver 97 


Elizabeth Scruggs 74 


Jesse Robards 80 


William Asher 79 






Naaman Roberts 75 


Thomas Beck 75 


Clay County. 
David Burge.Sen.SO 


Fleming County. 
Samuel Blackburn 80 


Michael Salter 82 


Wm. Blackburn 82 


John Slavin 83 


John Blick 77 


William Burns 87 


Moses Clark 76 


John Walden 78 


Reuben Bowers 74 


John Chandler 76 


Zacheus Cord 64 


Thaddeus War- 


William Ford 77 


John Garland 102 


Jesse Davis 76 


moth, Sen. 79 



REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS. 



Arabia Brown 8 

Sarah Bryant 7 

Leauna Pollard 7 

Jane Poore 7 

Jane Rasson 65 
Mary Sutton 

ffrairf County. 
Aaron Adams 
Stephen Barker 81 
Joshua Jones 
John Jump, Sen. 
John Lawless 
John Linn 
Daniel Seward 
James Theobald 

Graves County. 
John Brimage 
Daniel Fox 
Joshua Gamblin 
Charles Gilbert 
Joseph Glover 
Willis Odem 
John Stafford 



Wu 



Tho 



on 80 



Grayson County. 
John Decer 
Edward DeHaven 
Isaac Goar 
Simon Pryor 
John Row 
Henry Skaggs 
Isaac Vanmetre 85 

Green County. 
Andrew Barnett 81 
James Bibb 87 

Andrew Chaudoin 78 
James Cowherd 81 
JonathanCowherd 85 
John Diokin 81 

Thomas Gaines 81 
John Greenwell 80 
Sherrod Griffin 81 






ngri 



Joshua Lee 
Moses Mcars 80 

Thomas Parsons 92 
Richard Purcell 99 
James Sherrill 81 
Thomas Smith 77 
Peter D'Espagne 75 
'William Sturman 85 
John Thurman 73 
Daniel Tribble 80 
Mary Wright 75 

Greenup County. 
John Chadwick 75 
Thomas Dixon 75 
Thos. Hackworth 77 
James Lawson 80 
James Norton 73 
James Patton 89 
Godfrey Smith 76 

Hart County. 
John Bomar 83 

Lawr'ce Campbell 75 



BenjaminD.Corder77 
Josliua Crump 75 
Jeremiah Harber 47 
Daniel Morris 74 
John Patterson 77 
JosephTimberlake88 

Harlan County. 
Benjamin Cozad 80 
Jas. Jackson, Sen. 84 
Stephen L. Jones 99 

Henderson County. 
Edward Baldwin 78 
John Ramsey 84 

Henry County. 
William Adams 92 
Thomas Bell 81 

Elisha Bishop 83 
John Biakemore 78 
Barak Bryant 99 
David Criswell 77 
Joseph Davis 77 

Peter Force 96 

Benjamin Haydon 82 
Samuel Hisle 78 

Charles Hugely 80 
William Jeffreys 77 
Archib'dJohnston 94 
James Johnston 77 
enry Kephart 78 
Jacob List 81 

Bs Logan 76 

John Martin 80 

Richard Minyard 91 
GeorgeK. Mitchell 77 

iam Morgan 78 

Thomas Pettit 76 
Matthias Shuck 84 
William SimmoDS 97 
Joshua Wallace 79 
Littleberry Wells 79 
Thos. Wooldridge 89 
Dorcas Antle 77 

Rebecca Goode 85 
Mary Jourdan 75 
Sarah Powell 83 

Hickman County. 
John Bane, Sen. 84 
Murril Cunning- 
ham 81 
John Depayster 86 
Lewis Huey 79 
Jesse Meshew 79 
Henry Pickett 96 
Thomas Vincent 81 
Jacob Williams 75 

HopJdns County. 
James Curtis 84 

Samuel Downey 78 
William Givens 78 
John Herron 102 

JohnMontgomery 72 
" rge Timmonds 82 
Mauley Winstead 80 

Hancock County. 
dmund Newtnan 78 



Hardin County. 
Anthony Ament 
Samuel Aubrey 82 
Warren Cash 
Michael Hargan 
Thenas Hoskins 82 
Patrick Marvin 82 
Alex. McDougle 101 
John Scott 
Joseph Smith, Sen. 78 
John Smoot 
Rich 'd Winchester 
Susan Hardin 79 
MargaretHaycraftSO 
RebeccaVanMeter63 

Harrison County. 

Samuel Caswell 77 
LeonardEddleman79 
Benoni Jameson 
Wm. H. Layton 83 
Thomas McCalla 
Jacob Miller 
Philip Roberts 
William Sutton 
Lewis Wolf, Sen. 89 
John Wood 
Mrs. Mears 76 

Ann Whitaker 7 

Jessamine County. 
Benjamin Adams 96 
Daniel Bryan 82 

Robert Campbell 79 
John Carroll 85 

Abraham Cassell 84 

James Graves 79 
Jacob Grindstaff 
Giles Hawkins 86 

ah Jenkins 
Jeremiah King 



es Martin 82 
John Magee 79 

Henry Overstreet 76 
James Walker 81 
Alex. Willooghby80 
Mary Hicks 80 

Ann Hunter 75 

Betsy Knight 77 

Jefferson County. 
Samuel Conn 78 

Levin Cooper,Sen. 87 
John Murnhy 76 



Kenton County. 
Joseph Casey 78 

Stephen Collins 85 
John Ducker 81 

John Keen 81 

Edmund Massey 95 
Wm.Worthington 90 
Nancy McGlassen 72 

Knox County. 
Richard Ballew 72 
EdwardBrowninglOO 



Jacob Cooper 109 
Peter Hammonds 73 
John B. Horton 81 
James Miller 93 

Joshua MuUins 82 



John Nicks 84 

Ambrose Pitman 92 
John Simpson 67 
Solom'nStansberrj85 

Lawrence County. 
Gilbert Bloomer 87 
George Hardwick 82 
Moses Henny 83 
William Lyons 88 
Josiah Marcum 81 
James Ward 80 

Silas Wooton 84 

Lewis County. 
Richard Bane 88 
John Dyal 



77 

Lincoln Co mty. 
John S. Alverson 85 
Samuel Duncan 80 
Abraham Jlastes 76 
Micajah Frost 79 
Anthony Gale 78 
Robert Givens 83 
Joseph Hall 79 

Miirk McPherson 86 
Dunn Salyers 81 
Abraham Sublett 84 
Caldwell Wood 83 

Livingston County. 

ames Clinton 80 
William Fires 81 
Arthur Travis 76 
William Wells 80 

Logan County. 

William Addison 72 

George Blakey 91 

John P. Gillum 79 

Alexander Guffcy 77 

John Ham 95 

Moses Hendricks 75 



orge 



Lawrence Howke 80 
Rodham Kenner 77 
William Patillo 80 
James Stevenson 75 
John Wited 76 

Judith Williams 75 

Madison County. 
Thomas Becknell 77 
Robert Burnside 80 
John Cook 81 

James Cooloy 80 

Robert Covington 77 
John Crook 74 

Jacob Dooly 85 

ry Duke 



Tho 



ibar 



REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS. 



Giibriel Duncan 80 
Richard Gentry 77 
Nathan Guttridge 76 
Richard Harris " 
John Hunter, Se: 
Joseph Kennedy 
Wm. Kindred 
Ishnm Lane 
John Land, Sen 
Ralph Magee, Sen.86 
Thi.nias Mason 74 
Thomas Morris 80 
Jesse Oglesby 76 
Richard Oliver 87 
Telverton Peyton 86 
Loftus Pullen 80 

Anthony Perkins 76 
John Ross 78 

George Tennal 89 
Joseph Todd 81 

Samuel Walkup 82 
Joseph Watson 86 
Mary Barnett 77 

Marion County. 
Coonrod Beama 82 
Jauies Corbett 81 
JaniesWhiteCotton91 
William HeDdrick95 
James Ramsey 79 
Geo.Spalding.Sen. 84 
Perry Tharp 83 

Mrs. Hardin 80 

Margaret Smock 79 

Ifasan County. 
Leonard Bean 80 
Daniel Bell 76 
William Bickley 83 
John Campbell 65 
William Devin 71 
William Owens 77 
John Rust 86 
John Solomon 85 
Samuel H. Stitt 49 
John Ward 78 
John White 82 
Ahram Williams 98 
Elizabeth Cole 81 
Isabella Pelham 74 
Mary Ann Shep- 
herd 75 

.3lcOmcketi County. 
Benjamin Jones 79 
Nancy B. Lovelace84 
Sarah Moore 83 

Mercer County. 
Philip Board 80 

Claib'neBradshaw 83 
Charles Brown 88 
Ehenezer Carey, 

Matthew Colter 81 

John Comingore 90 

Timothy Conn 84 

Henry Deshazer 81 

Elias Fisher 87 

Isaac Fallis 77 
Geo. Gabbard.Scn. 79 



James Galloway 84 
Thomas Graham 78 
John Grant 85 

Samuel Hackney 79 
Henry Hamler 
Charles Hart 
Edward Hutchin 
Peter Huff 85 

Robert Jones 75 

William Kelly 84 
Thomas Kyle 83 

John Potter, Sen. 79 
James Rains 82 

John Rico 78 

Reuben Smithy 85 
Christian Snail 89 
John Sneed 86 

Henry Sparrow 79 
Leonard Taylor 83 
Cornelius 0. Vanars- 
dale 80 

Lewis Webb 83 

Edward Willis 78 
Sarah Bohon 76 

Susanna Jourdan 79 
Elizabeth Moore 75 
Mary Pipes 81 

Martha Sandefer 83 
Jane Shelton 82 

Rebecca Verbryck 83 






Wilsi 



Monroe County. 

omas Bartley 77 
Thos. Brown, Sen. 84 
Hardin Denham 78 
SolomonDickersonSO 
John Giles 84 

Joseph Gist 89 

Jacob Goodman 80 
Matthew Kidwell 80 
John Morehead 90 
John Rainer 85 

Fleming Smith 96 
Elijah Veach 89 

Pleasant Haily 84 

Montgomery County. 

James Bourn 78 

William Conner 74 

Beverly Daniel 78 

James Dunlap 99 

John B. Fisher 70 

Robert Garrett 88 

William Gray 85 
Benjamin Grigsby 91 

Daniel McCarty 78 

Samuel McKee 76 

James Ramsey 78 

Benj. Robinson 84 

Edward Steen 70 

John Stephens 79 

Morgan County. 

David Ellington 78 

B. Hamilton 76 

Johu Kulby 87 

Isaac Kuton 79 

Thomas Lewis 85 

John Prcwitt 85 

Levi Stevenson 85 



John Smothers 
Gilbert Stevens 
Benjamin Wages 106 
Rebecca Day 74 

Mary Hopkins 84 
Martha Jones 80 

MuhJenhurg County. 

John Bone 79 

Joshua Elkins 86 

Sihez Garriz 77 

Andrew Glenn 88 

William Hopkins 73 

Benjamin Neal 80 

Britain Willis 80 

Nehon County. 

John Bell 91 

Barnabas Carter 84 

John Lawson 83 

Benjamin Smith 79 

Wm. Thompson 101 

Susan McCown 74 

Nicholas Comity. 
Edward Adkins 85 
Coleman A. Collier61 
James Fitzpatrick 88 
Wm. H. Layton 86 
Hugh McClintock 82 
Esau Ritchey 63 

Edward Stoker 77 
Reuben Walls 86 
Sarah Barnett 76 

Ohio County. 
Zebra Arnold 83 

WilliamL.BarnardSl 
Chesley Callaway 81 
William Campbell 87 
WilliamCarter,Sen80 
JohnMaddox,Sen.78 
Peter Parks 81 

Francis Petty 87 

Diadama Shutts 78 

Oldham County. 
Edmund Archer' 81 
John Austin 102 

Benjamin Coons 66 
James Hoskins 83 
MerrettHumphrey80 



Samuel Boone 83 
Robert Burke 78 

Henry Carter 91 
John Grill 82 

Jacob Hunter 83 
Edward D. Kenny78 
William Ligon 78 
William Lawrence77 
Thomas Parsley 78 
JohnSanders,Sen.&9 
John Searcy 78 

Lewis Vallanding- 



Nancy Ellis 
Reb'caMcCom 



Pendleton County. 
William ClevelandS3 
Isaac Conner 85 

James Cordy 87 

Peter DeMoss 88 
John Glinn 80 

James Hammerty 70 
Gabriel MuUins 87 
James Pribble 79 
Adam Taylor 78 

Robert Taylor 82 
James Tillon 94 

Phebe Clarkson 66 
Jane Hand 75 

Elizabeth Wyatt 78 

Perry County. 

James Candill 90 

Archelaus Croft 81 

Simon Justice 87 

Edmund Polly 84 

Pike County. 

Joseph Ford 88 

Moses Stepp 86 

Christian Trant 87 

Pidashi County. 
Robert Anderson 70 
George Decker 80 
Barnabas Murray 80 
Robert Sayers 80 
John Wilson 70 

Rockcastle County. 
William Abney 86 
Humphrey Bates 70 
Elijah Denny 77 

Moses Farris 78 

George Harloe 8'J 
Nicholas Howke 100 
William Lawrence 76 
Reuben C. Pew 81 
F. Ramsey, Sen. 76 
George Sigmon 83 
Jacob Stephens 84 
William Sweeny 80 

Russell County. 
Jordan George 76 
Thomas Graves 77 
Henry Law 82 

William Perryman81 
John Polly 80 

Matt, Robertson 78 
Isham Sharp 85 

Scott County. 
Samuel Bamhill 82 
William Bcatty 78 
Joseph Burch 77 

John Campbell 75 
James Dooly 108 
Daniel Gano, Sen. 82 
John Gatewood 77 
John Hiles 80 

Herman Hill 87 

John Jacobs 78 



REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS. 



Jeremiah Miner 


95 


Simpson County. 


John Logan 


82 


Thomas Laughlin 77 


Achilles Stapp 


86 


Layton Cooper 82 


Thomas Mclntos 


i83 


Henry Porch 75 


Mary Chisham 


86 


James Moore 84 


Thomas Morgan 


79 


James Rogers 86 


Henri'ta Downing 95 


George Pearce 85 


Joshua Prewett 


77 


Darley SmithheartSl 


KindnessGrcsham 97 


William West 87 


Samuel Vanhorn 


86 


Daniel Trigg 86 


Abigail Pattersol 


70 


Nancy Kelly 85 


George Wright 


76 


Anes Witt 80 


Eleanor Tarlton 


78 


Mary Roper 75 


Kennard Younge 


r85 


Wayne County. 


Shelby County 




Spencer County. 


Union County 




John Adair 87 


Bland VV. Ballard 81 


John Barr 85 


ArmistedAnderson83 


Peter Catron 86 


Francis Basket 


73 


John Davis 82 


A. Davenport 


81 


Reuben Coffey 81 


Nicholas Blauken 




M. Reason 85 


Lewis Richards 


77 


Caleb Cooper 80 


baker 


82 


John Ringo 80 






Frederick Cooper 80 


Samuel Burke 


81 




Warren County. 


Patrick Coyle 71 


Peter Gamine 


88 


John Strange 9J) 


Miles Bellowes 


80 


Isaac Crabtree 82 


Benjamin Conyers 91 


Philip Taylor 75 


John BiUingsley 


87 


William Doss 76 


Wm. French, Sen 


80 




Christopher IlavenSS 


Mastin Durham 85 


Kobert F. Gale 


72 


Todd County. 


William Hayes 


77 


Barthol'w Haden 64 


Elisha Gibson 


95 


Robert Aycock 86 


Jesse Kirby, Sen 


83 


Abram Hunt SO 


George Hawkins 


92 


John M. Boyd 77 


Leonard Kirby 


79 


James Jones, Sen. 81 


James Hickman 


81 


James Flack 79 


Ralph Young 


87 


John Parmley 79 


Daniel McCaliste 




George Gibson 78 






James.Piercey 80 


Sen. 


'so 


Samuel Gordon 81 


Washington County. 


Stephen Pratt 75 


Edward Miller 


89 


Benjamin Pannel 83 


Peter Adams 


79 


George Rogers 76 


Charles Mitchell 


88 


Peter Petree 77 


Samuel Booker 


82 


Zachariah Sanders 81 


Meshach Pearson 86 


Jonathan Smith 83 


Philip Burns 


84 


James Turner,Sen.77 


Joseph Reeves 


73 


William Turner 85 


John Combs 


81 


Charles Washam 80 


John Reily 


79 


Anna Boone 67 


Elijah Farris 


80 




Seth Stratton 




Jeanette Mahon 70 


Amos Graham 


85 


Woodford County. 


Joseph Thompson 


70 


Elizabeth Quarles 75 


Martin Hughes 


81 


Peter Alexander 83 


Benj. Washburn 


72 




John Lambert 


81 


Stephen Chilton 80 


Samuel White 


64 


Trigg County. 


Nathan Lawson 


85 


John Cox 78 


Henry Wiley 


95 


James Barhani 78 


Jacob Lea 


75 


Dennis Dailey 79 


Robert Woolfolk 


85 


Balaam Ezell 84 


Joseph Sweeny 


81 


John Gregory 84 


Sarah Christy 


79 


Miles Hallowell 79 


Jonathan White 


78 


James Hamilton 77 


Nancy Clark 


76 


JuoMayberry,Sen.76 


Andrew Young 


82 


John McQuiddy 80 


Eli.abeth Collett 


71 








John Mitchell 75 


Nancy Davis 


81 


Trimble County. 


Whitley County 




George W. New 76 


Sarah Ford 


75 


Isaac Gray 66 


Thomas Adkins 


82 


Jane Ellis 77 


Delilah Maddox 


72 


Thomas Hardin 81 


John Hood 


_80_ 





It must be borne in mind that the foregoing list of Revolutionary soldiers, 
and of widows of deceased soldiers, includes only those who were living in 
Kentucky as late as July, 1840, nearly sixty years after the close of the great 
strugi;le. ' Besides these, several thousand more of those soldiers, with their 
families, emigrated to Kentucky, and died before 18-10; among them, many 
who became leading men in the State, and some of them in the Nation. Tlie 
following are a few of the names : 



Maj. John Allen, 

Col. Richard C. Anderson, 

Maj. Herman Bowmar, 

John Bradford, 
Hon. John Brown, 
Maj. John Brown, 
Gen. Richard Butler, 
Col. Wm. Christian, 
Gen. George Rogers Clark, 

Richard Collins, 

Henry Crist, 
Maj. John Crittenden, 



Maj. John Finley, 
Col. John Floyd, 
Gov. James Garrard, 
Gov. Christopher Greenup, 
Col. John Hardin, 

John Howard, 
Gen. Samuel Hopkins, 
Capt. Wm. Hubbell, 
Capt. John Jouett, 
Col. Matthew Jouett, 
Gov. George Madison, 
Col. Thomas Marshall, 



Col. James Morrison, 
Col. George Nicholas, 
M.aj. Charles Pelham, 
Maj. Valentine Peers, 
Edmund Rogers, 
Col. William Russell, 
Gov. Charles Scott, 
Gov. Isaac Shelby, 
Col. Richard Taylor, 
Col. John Todd. 



SOLDIERS OF THE COUxNTY OF KEXTUCKV. 



THE COUXTY OF KENTUCKY. —XAMES OF ITS SOLDIERS. 

From original papers and vouchers of Col. John Bowman, the first military 
commander and military governor of the County — now State — of Kentucky, we 
have noted or transcribed the following documents and lists. These papers 
are now (November, 1871) in the possession of his relative, John B. Bowman, 
Esq., Resent of Kentucky University at Lexington. 

Prominent among these heir-looms is the commission of John Bowman as 
"Colonel of the Militia in the County of Kentucky," with the bold signature 
appended of the great orator of the American Revolution, Patrick Henry, Jr., 
"Governor of the Commonwealth of Va." The paper on which the commis- 
sion is written is coarse in texture and yellow with age, and is addressed to 
"John Bowman, Esquire." After reciting his appointment it thus concludes: 

" You are therefore, carefully and diligently to discharge the duty of Colo- 
nel of the Militia, by doing and performing all Manner of Things thereunto be- 
longing ; and you are to pay a ready Obedience to all Orders and Instructions 
which from Time to Time you may receive from the Convention, Pri\'y Coun- 
cil, or any of your Superiour Officers, agreeable to the Rules & Regulations 
of the Convention, or General Assembly and do require all Officers and Sol- 
diers under your command to be obedient and to aid you in the Execution 
of this Commission according to the Intent & Purpose thereof. Given under 
my Hand & Seal, 

"Williamsburg this 21st day of December 1776. 

(Signed) P. HENRY, Jr." 

There is, also, the original of another commission to the same gallant officer, 
dated in 1778, and signed by "Th. Jefferson, Governor of the Commonwealth 
of Va.," appointing Col. John Bowman "County Lieutenant (or Governor) of 
the County of Kentucky." 

Tlie following is a copy of an original letter of instructions to Col. Bowman 
from Governor Thomas Jefferson : 

WiLLIAMSBURGH, NoV. 6, 1779. 

"I am to ask the favor of you to give notice to the officer recommended by 
you for the Western Battalions that as soon as one half of his quota of men 
is raised and delivered by you, he shall be entitled to his commission. These 
men are to make part of a battalion which will be commanded by Lieut. Col. 
Knox, & which is to be stationed in Powell's Valley. As this station is so 
very far from you, your officer is to march his men to the Falls of the Ohio, 
and there do duty under Major Slaughter this winter; but he is not actually 
to march till he shall have heard of Major Slaughter's arrival at the Falls; in 
the mean time let him employ them in the best manner he can for the public 
service. Money for their subsistence from the time you deliver them to the 
officer till he shall have carried them to their Rendezvous will be lodged with 
Maj. Slaughter. The subsistence account previous to their delivery to the 
officer, you will settle with the Auditor here. 

I am sir, Yr very h'ble serv't, 

TH. JEFFERSON. 

" To the County l^ieutenant of Kentucky." 

A copy of Col. John Bowman's account against the Commonwealth of Vii> 
ginia, shows that his pay was £22 10 shillings per month, and $50 additional 
per month for subsistence. The former amount was in rnqney, the latter in 
Virginia scrip. 

A note from "Painted Stone," dated June 28, 1780, to Col. Bowman, from 
Squire Boone (brother of Daniel Boone), gives his list of men [printed else- 
where] with this preface: "Sir: — "1 have sent you a list of our strenth. I 
know not if it would be necessary to Right down their names, nevertheless 
being little troble 1 have done it. Our strenth is 23 men to wit:" (Here 
follow the names). Squire Boone's orthography is by no means bad, and his 
aignature closely resembles that of his brother, Daniel Boone. 



SOLDIERS OF THE COUNTY OF KENTUCKY. 11 

A letter from Col. John Bowman, dated Kentucky County, May 26, 1780, 
recites that " the bearer, John McCullouijh, is sent express to the Governor 
(of Va.) upon business of the utmost consequence to the State. Justices of 
the peace in the several counties through which he may pass are requested to 
aid him in his journey with fresh horses, information, etc." 

Gen. George Rofiers Clarke certifies, under date of Feb. 15, 1782, that Maj. 
Joseph Bowman, of the Illinois regiment, died in the service of the State of 
Virginia, at Fort Pat. Henry, (Illinois,) 14th Aug. 1779. This was that brave 
Maj. Bowman who — not less daring than his great leader, Clarke — followed 
him in the expedition that captured Vincennes. To Maj. Bowman, however, 
was assigned the capturing of Cahokia, Illinois, with a detachment — which 
duty was successfully accomplished. 

Captain E. Worthington and Benj. Roberts, Lieut. Jas. Patton and Ensign 
Edw. Bulger, writing from Boonesboro, in April or May, 1780, advise Col. John 

Bowman as follows: " Lieut. Abraham Chaplain and Hendricks saith 

that on the 27th or 28th ultimo, they made their escape from the Indians of 
the Windot [Wyandot] Nation from off the waters of St. Dusky [Sandusky] 
and arrived at this place this day; that about 3 to 4 days preceding the said 
escape they had undoubted intelligence that a large number of different tribes 
of Indians, in conjunction with the subjects of Great Britain, to the amount 
of 2000 in the whole, 600 of which are Green Coat Rangers from Cannaday 
were preparing to attack this place, with cannon, and after subduing the same 
their destination was for the Illinois. Capt. Mathew Elliott gave intelligence 
the Indians were gathering horses to aid the expedition, which is expected 
to reach this place in 4 weeks." The writers add, "The above information we 
have just now received and beg you to use the greatest expedition to embody 
the militia under your command and march them here to repell the Hostile 
Invaders. This is the Humble prayers of the Inhabitants of this garrison and 
of every other Son of Liberty, who also beg you would send express to Col. 
Crockett to push on his troops to our assistance." 

This undoubtedly relates to the expedition of Col. Bird, who, with a large 
number of Indians and British tx-oops, invaded Kentucky and destroyed Rud- 
dles' and Martin's Stations, but subsequently beat a retreat. 

Capt. John Holder, in furnishing the list of his company to Col. Bowman, at 
" Harrodstown," June 10, 1779, thus writes: "Sir: — As 1 can not conveniently 
call on you at this time, I have sent a list of the men of my company which 
ware on the late Expedition against the Indian towns; and beg you will favor 
me with the amount of the sale of the Plunder by the Barer, John Martain, to 
enable me to settle with them." 



PIONEER SOLDIERS, 1778 TO 1781. 
The following lists comprise a large portion of those who were enrolled aa 
pioneer soldiers of Kentucky, between the years 1778 and 1781. Some of 
the names on the original rolls were very inaccurately spelled, the rolls be- 
ing kept by illiterate men, who too often spelled by the sound names not 
always correctly pronounced. 

CAPTAIN JOSEPH BOWMAN'S COMPANY, JAN. 21, 1778. 
[At Harrodsburg, and the neighboring Stations.] 
Jo3. Bowman, Capt. Henry Funk, Abraham Miller, Joseph Simpson, 

Isaac Bowman, iieiK.Philip Harbin, George Miller, Wm. Slack, 

Abr. Kellar, 2d " Henry Honaker, Wm. Montgomery, Jacob Spears, 

Dan. Dust, Sergeant, Elijah Huston, Barney Morter, Samuel Stroud, 

James Bentley, Abr. J.ames, Edward Murray, H. Vance, 

Wm. Berry, Isaac Kellar, Joseph Pendergrast, B.arnaby Walteif, 

Ed. Bulger, George King, Michael Pendergrast, James Gonday, \ 

Nathan Cartmell, George Livingston, Thos. Pendergrast, Samuel Dust, I 
Henry Chvisman, Philip Long, Thos. Perry, Wm. Berry, f 

Thomas Clifton, Isaac McBride, Henry Prather, Zeb. Lee — IS. J 

Jacob Cogar, Robert McClanahan, John Setser, These four are 

Peter Cogar, Chas. McGlack, Michael Setser, marked as deoertera. 

Patrick Doran, Alex. Mclnt'yre, 



SOLDIERS OF THE COU.VTT OF KENTUCKY. 



CAPTAIN BENJ.VMIX LOGAN'S COMPANY. 



[In Lincoln 

Benj. Logan, Capt., 
John Logan, Liiut. 
Alex. Montgomery, 
Azariah Davis, 

Benj. Pelton, 
Wm. Menifee, 
Roswell Stevens, 
George Clark, 

Serfjeants, 
Robt. Barnet, 
Wm. Barton, 
Samuel Bell, 
Arthur Blackburn, 
Alex. Bohannon, 
John Bohannon, 
Benj. Briggs, 
Samuel Briggs, 
James Brown, 
John Canterbury, 
Caspar Casener, 
Wm. Casey, 
John Castlio, 
Pierce Castlio, 
Philip Conrad, 
Azariah Davis, 



jty, at and n( 
Samuel Deagon, 
Ogcien Devers, 

i Benj. Drake, 

■ Isaac Drake, 
John Drake, 
Jonathan Drake, 
John Ealor, 
Chas. English, 
Stevens English, 
John Fain, 



John Jones, 
John Kennedy, 
James Knox, 
Hugh Leeper, 
James Leeper, 
Wm. Logan, 
Thos. Loveledd, 
Joseph Lusk, 
John McCormick 
John McElhon, 



I 1779.] 



Bartholomew Fenton,James McElwain, 
George Flinn, John McKaine, 



Lee Garrett, 
John Gibson, 
Richard Glover, 
John Glover, 
John Grimes, 
AVm. Grimes, 
Jacob Gunn, 
David Hawkins, 
Jacob Herman, 
Roger Hines, 
Stephen Huston, 
John Johns, 
James Johnson, 



Archibald Mah( 
James Menifee, 
Jarrett Menifee, 
Joseph Menifee 
John Martin, 
Joseph Martin, 



Samuel Mayes, 
Andrew Miller, 
Henry Miller, 
Wm. Miller 



probably ; 

David Mitchell, 
Wm. Mitchell, 
Alex. Montgomery, 
John Montgomery, 
Wm. Montgomery, 
Wm. Neal, 
Wm. Patton, 
Samuel Phelps, 
AVm. Phelps, 
Chas. Phillips, 
John Phillips, 
Nich. Procter, Sr., 
Nioh. Proctor, Jr., 
Chas. Runsle, 
James Russell, 
Julius Sanders, 
Alex. Sinclair, 
George Scott, 
John Story, 
John Summers, 
Arch. Thomson, 
Nicholas Tramel, 
Philip Tramel, 
George White, 
Wm. Whitley— 99. 



CAPTAIN 

[In 17S0, at the Stations near the Falls 
Wm. Harrod, Capt., John Galloway, 



S COMPANY. 
, in now Jefferson and Shelby counties.] 
Moses Kuykendall, John Stapleton, 



James Patton, Lient 


.,Wm. Galloway, 


John Lewis, 


James Stewart, 


Ed. Bulger, Emign, 


James Garrison, 


John Lincant, 


James Stewart, 


Peter Balance, 


Joseph Goins, 


Samuel Lyon, 


Daniel Stull, 


Alex. Barr, 


Isaac Goodwin, 


Pat. McGee, 


Miner Sturgis, 


James Brand, 


Samuel Goodwin, 


Samuel Major, 


Peter Sturgis, 


John Buckras, 


James Guthrie, 


Amos Mann, 


James Sullivan, 


A. Cameron, 


Daniel Hall, 


Edward Murdoch, 


Wm. Swan, 


Amos Carpenter, 


Wm. Hall, 


John Murdoch, 


Joseph Swearingen, 


Sol. Carpenter, 


John Hatt, 


Richard Morris, 


Samuel Swearingen, 


Benj. Carter, 


Evan Henton, 


Wm. Morris, 


Van Swearingen, 


Thomas Carter, 


Thomas Henton 


Wm. Oldham, 


Robt. Thorn, 


Reuben Case, 


Wm. Hickman, 


John Paul, 


John Tomton, 


Thomas Cochran, . 


A. Hill, 


George Phelps, 


Bev. Trent, 


John Conway, 


Andrew Hill, 


Joseph Phelps, 


Thos. Tribble, 


John Corbley, 


Samuel Hinck, 


Samuel Pottinger, 


Robert Tyler, 


John Crable, 


Fred. Honaker, 


F. Potts, 


Abr. Vanmetre, 


Robert Dickey, 


Joseph Hughes, 


Reuben Preble, 


Michael Valleto, 


Daniel Driskill, 


Rowland Hughes, 


Urb. Ranner, 


Joseph Warford, 


Isaac Dye, 


Michael Humble, 


Benj. Rice, 


James Welch, 


John Eastwood, 


John Hunt, 


Reed Robbins, 


Abram Whitaker, 


Samuel Forrester, 


Abram James, 


Thom.as Settle, 


Aquilla Whitaker, 


Joseph Frakes, 


John Kenney, 


Wm. Smiley, 


Jacob Wickersham, 


Samuel Frazee, 


Val. Kinder, 


Jacob Speck, 


Ed. Wilson-96. 



CAPTAIN JOHN BOYLK'S COMP.ANY, APBIL 
[At Stations on and near Dick's River, in now Garrard, Lincoln, 



id Boyle counties.] 



John Boyle, Capl. Wm. Crawford, 


Wm. Hicks, Sr., 


Nchemiah Poore. 


Samuel Davis, Li>u(., James Davis, 


Wm. Hicks, 


John Poynter, 


Elisha Clary, Eniign, Robert Desha, 


Nathan McClure, 


James Reeves, 


Barney Bovle, ) Dennis Diven, 
Jonathan Marshall, J Owen Diven, 


Wm. Marshall, 


Wm. Rowan, 


Basil Maxwell, 


John Vardeman, 


Sergeant,. JIugh Galb.eath, 


Wm. Menifee, 


Alex. Walker, 


Jacob Anderson, Evaudon Gordon, 


Wm. Mitchell. 


Wm. Whitley, 


James Anderson, Peter Higgins, 


Robert Moore, 


John Wilkinson, 


Thomas Arbuckle, John Hicks, 


Samuel Moore, 


Wm. Young— 36. 


James Coyle, 







SOLDIERS OF THE COUNTY OF KENTUCKY. 



John Holder, Capt. 
Uriel Ark, 
Thos. Bailey, 
Bland Ballard, 
John Baughman, 
G. Michael Bedingei 
James Berry, 
James Bryan, 
James Bunten, 
John Butler, 
John Callaway, 
Elijah, Collins, 
Josiah Collins, 
Wm. Collins, 



CAPTAIN JOHN HOLIXER'S COMPANY, JUNE 10, 1779. 
and near Boonesborough.] 
Robert Kirkham, Hugh Ross, 



Madison county, at 
John Constant, 
David Cook, 
Wm. Coombs, 
Wm. Cradlebaugh, 
John Dumpord, 
James Estill, 
Edmund Fear, 

Stephen Hancock, 
Wm. Hancock, 
John Hawiston, 
Wm. Hays, 
Jesse Hodges, 
Jeremiah Horn, 



Samuel Kirkham, 
John Lee, 
Charles Lookhart, 
John McCollum, 
Wm. McGee, 
Ralph Morgan, 
Wm. Morris, 
James Perry, 
Juhn Fleck, 
Samuel Porter, 
Nicholas Proctor, 
Reubeiv Proctor, 
Pemberton Rollins, 



Bartlett Searcy, 
Reuben Searcy, 
John South, Sr., 
John South, Jr., 
John South, younger, 
Thos. South, 
Barney Stagner, 
Jacob Stearns, 
John Stephenson, 
Benoni Vallandig- 
John Weber, [ham, 
Daniel Wilcoxsou, 
Moses Wilson— 56. 



CAPTAIN ISAAC RUDDLE'S COMPANY. 



[In 1779-80, at Ruddle's and Martin's Stations, 



ow Cynthiana.] 



Isaac Ruddle, Capt. John Burger, Jr., 
John Haggin, Lieut. Peter Call, 
John Mather, Eitsign, Leonard Croft, 
Joseph Isaacs, ^. M. Wm. Dehlinger, 
John Waters, Serg,I)a,vid Ederman, 



Andrew Baker, 
George Baker, 
Andrew Bartle, 
John Bird, 
George Bronker, 
Caspar Brown, 
* Reuben Boughner, 
John Burger, Sr., 



Emory, 
Paul Fisher, 
George Hatfall, 
John Hutton, 
Jacob Leach, Sr., 
Edward Low, 
George Loyl, 
Henry Loyl, 



Peter Loyl, Stephen Ruddell, 

Thomas Maohen, James Ruddle, 

Wm. Marshall, Patrick Ryan, 

Chas. Munger, Wm. Sandidge, 

Wm. Munger, Sr., Wm. Scott, 

Wm. Munger, Jr., John Smith, Sr.. 
Andrew Pirtenbustle,John Smith Jr., 

Henry Pirtenbustle, James Stuart, 
H. Pirtenbustle, J 
Len. Pirtenbustle, 
Peter Rough, 
George Ruddell, 



Frederick Tanner, 
Martin Tuffelman, 
Moses Waters, 
John Cloyd, drumm 
—50. 



CAPTAIN SQUIKE BOONE'S COMPANY, JUNE 23, 1780.— PARTIAL LIST. 
[Stationed at the " Painted Stone," near now Shelby ville.] 



Squire Boone, Capt., Joseph Eastwood, 
Alex. Bryant, Jeremiah Harris, 

John Buckles, John Henton, 

Richard Cates, Abraham Holt, 

Chas. Doleman, Morgan Hughes, 

John Eastwood, Evan Kenton, 



John Stapleton, 
Robert Tyler, 
Abraham Vanmeter, 



Adam Wickersham, 
Jacob Wickersham, 
Peter Wickersham, 
James Wright, 
George Yunt — 23. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY 



OR IMPORTANT EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF KENTUCKY, 15S9-1874. 



? 



1539, May 25— Hernando De Soto, who 
had assisted Pizarro in the Spanish con- 
quest of Peru, in 1532-5, is appointed 
Governor of Cuba; he undertakes the con- 
quest of Florida, and with 950 men, 20 
ofBcers, and 24 ecclesiastics, lands at Es- 
piritu Santo (Tampa Bay), on the west 
coast of Florida.* 

1540, Oct. 18— At the village of Ma- 
villa (Mobile) he fights one of the most 
sanguinary battles ever fought between 
Europeans and the North American In- 
dians ; with loss of 80 men and 42 horses. 
Indian loss reported at 2,500 men. 

1541 — In the spring, reaches the Mis- 
sissippi river, and spends nearly a month 
in constructing eight large barges to 
transport his army across (somewhere be- 
tween the present city of Memphis and 
Helena) ; thence marches N. to Pacaha ; 
thence S. W. and N. W. till ho reaches 
the highlands of the White river, in the 
eastern portion of what is now the Indian 
territory, and not far from Tale-quah, its 
council town, and Fayetteville, Arkansas ; 
thence S. E. by the Hot Springs of Ar- 
kansas, which his companions at first sup- 
posed to be the fabled fountain of youth, 
wintering at Autiamque, on the Washita 
river. 

1542, June 5 — De Soto dies on the banks 
of the Mississippi, after appointing Luis 
de Moscoso his successor ; who, wandering 
in different directions, and driven by the 
Indians, finds his way to the Missouri 
river, near the Osage, and winters at 
Minoya or Minowas.f 

1543— The Spaniards, reduced to 350 
men, embark in 21 boats, and going night 
and day — pursued for ten days, and losing 
more men — reach the mouth of the Missis- 
sippi. In descending this river they dis- 
cover Illinois and Kentuckv-t 

1584, July— Sir Walter Raleigh, under 
an English patent, sends out two ships in 
charge of Philip Amidas and Arthur Bar- 
low, who discover and land on the shore 
of North Carolina, which Queen Eliza- 
beth, on their return, calls Virginia — dis- 
covered, as it was, under the reign of a 
virgin queen. { Three unsuccessful colo- 



•Wilmer's De Soto. Irving's Conauest of 
FloridK, vol. i, i;. 35. Monette's Valley of the 
Mississippi, vol. i, p. 13. 

t Rafini-Biiue's Annals of Kentucky, pp. 23-31; 
although giving a list of 164 authorities cori- 
Bulted, Eaflnesque does not specify hia particular 
authority for ihis statement. He had access to 
many French and Spanish works, some very 
rare. One other authority thinks De Soto's BUC- 
cesHor, Moscoso, was so high up the Mississippi 
as Kentucky, opposite Ne^v Madrid, Mo. 

I Wheeler's North Carolina, p. 24. 
(U) 



nies were sent out up to 1589. Kentucky 
was included in the charter of the colony, 

1607— Permanent settlement of the Eng- 
lish, under Capt. John Smith, in Virginia— 
the colony including Kentucky in its 
charter. 

1654— Col. Wood, an Englishman, ex- 
plores Kentucky as far as the Meschaoebe 

branches of that and of the Ohio ; object, 
to open channels of trade with the In- 

1669 — A party of 23 Spaniards come up 
the Mississippi and Ohio rivers, pass 
Pittsburgh, and on to Olean Point, where 
they leave their canoes and travel by land 
to Onondaga Lake, New York, in search 
of silver; being told of a lake "whose 
bottom was covered with a substance shin- 
ing and white," and which they supposed 
would prove to be silver. Their disap- 
pointment causes trouble between them 
and some French there ; and the Indians 
set fire to the houses they occupied, and 
tomahawked all who escaped from the 
flames.f 

1670— Capt. Bolt [or Batt ( ? )] visits 
Kentucky from Virginia.}: 

1673 — Jacques (or James) Marquette, a 
RecoIIet monk and Jesuit, on a missionary 
tour among the Indians from Green Bay, 
westward, with Louis Joliet and five 
other Frenchmen, in two canoes, are the 
lirst Europeans or whites known to have 
discovered the Upper Mississippi, or to 
have seen its waters anywhere for 130 
years previously. They pass over the 
portage between the Fox and Wisconsin 
rivers, and down the latter to the Missis- 
sippi river, which they first see, June 17, 
1673, and "enter with a joy I can not ex- 
press," says Marquette. 

July — About the 5th, they reach and 
spend several days at the mouth of the 
Ohio, then called Ouabouskigou. [The 
hostility of the Iroquois Indians kept the 
French from any knowledge of the Ohio 
river for many years after this ; and, con- 
sequently, the lower Ohio, from the mouth 
of the Wabash down, was supposed to be, 
and was called the Oubache or AVabash.||] 
They find 40 towns of the Shawnees on 
the Ohio .and its lower branches. Indians 
here assured Marquette that it was not 
more than ten days' journey to the sea, and 



•Long's Expedition, vol. i, p.23«. Butler's 
Kentucky, 2d ed., p. 499. Dr. Daniel C'oxe'a 
Description of Carolana, etc., (London, 1722.) 
Albach's Western Annals, p. 94. 

tCraig's Olden Time, 1847, vol.ii.p. 431. 

; Raflbesque, p. 29. I Reynolds' Illinois, p. 13. 



1751. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



that they bought stuffs and other articles 
from white people on the eastern side. 

July 17 — On this day they begin their 
return trip from the lowest point reached, 
the village of Akamsea, about the mouth 
of the Arkansas river. They pass up the 
Mississippi to the Illinois river, and 
through that to Illinois Lake, (Michigan, 
or Lacus Algonquinorum,) at the site of 
the present city of Chicago ; thence to 
Mackinaw. 

1680 — Louis Hennepin, a Franciscan 
friar and Jesuit monk, with five men, go 
over the same route to the Arkansas river, 
and back to Fort Creve Coeur, about eight 
miles above Peoria, Illinois. The Ten- 
nessee is called Cherokee river. 

1681 — Marquette's narrative and map of 
the Mississippi river, published at Paris, 
France, in Thevenot's Recueil de Voynyea. 

1682, Feb.— The Chevaliei^ Robert de la 
Salle and Henri de Tonti, the latter lieu- 
tenant of the former, accompanied by 
Father Zenobe, a Recollet missionary, 
Jean Michel, surgeon, Francois de Bois- 
rondet, Jean Bourdon, Sieur d'Autray, 
Jacques Cauehois, Pierre You, Gilles Meu- 
cret, Jean Mas, Jean Dulignon, Nicholas 
de la Salle, La Metaire, notary, and nine 
other Frenchmen, pass from the Illinois 
river down the Mississippi (or Colbert) 
river to its mouth, claiming possession of 
the whole country on both sides for the 
French king, Louis the Great, after whom 
he names it Louisiana.*- At the mouth of 
the Ohio they delay a few days, and make 
Bome arrangements for trade and inter- 
course with the Indians. 

1684— By a treaty held with the " Five 
Nations," or Iroquois, at Albany, Now 
York, by Lord Howard, Governor of Vir- 
ginia, and Col. Dungan, Governor of New 
York, they place themselves under the 
protection of the British nation, and 
make a deed of sale to the British gov- 
ernment of a vast tract of country (which 
( included Kentucky) south and east of the 
j Illinois river, and extending across Lake 
y Huron into Canada. 

- 1730— About this date, John Sailing, of 
Williamsburg, Va., is exploring upon 
the Roanoke, or James river, and taken 
prisoner by Cherokees, who take him to 
their towns on the Tennessee river. After- 
ward, " while on a hunting party to the 

Bait licks of K_entucky," he is captured 

BJ~IlITnoTsTndians and taken to Kaskas- 
kia, ransomed, and reaches home, via 
Canada, after six years absence.f 

1739— M. Longueil descends the Ohio, 
from Canada, and discovers Big Bone Lick, 
in Kentucky. Many Canadians follow 
that route. 

1739 — A detachment of French troops is 
Bent from Canada to Louisiana, down the 
Ohio river, on account of the war with the 
Chickasaws.J 



• Sparks' Ln Salle, pp. 139, 3 
t Withers' Border Warfare 



,200. 



1742— John Howard, an Englishi 
crosses the mountains from Virginia, 



and 



1744— By a treaty at Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania, between the governor of Penn- 
sylvania, Col. Thomas Lee and Col. Wm. 
Beverley as commissioners from Virginia, 
and two commissioners from Maryland, 
and the " Si.x Nations," the British cl.iim 
to purchase some of the Western lands — 
a territory of undefined extent being ceded. 
The Indians subsequently declare that 
they had been deceived at Lancaster, and 
did not intend to cede any lands west 
of the mountains. 

1745 — The Shawnees of Kentucky had 
retreated on the banks of the Ohio, Miami, 
and Muskingum to avoid their southern 
enemies — being now at peace with the 
Menguys, and allied with them against 
the 'Cherokees, Catawbas, Muscologees, 
Chickasaws, etc. Kentucky rem.ains the 
hunting ground of the northern and south- 
ern nations, where they meet at war ; hence 
the appellation. Dark and Bloody Ground. 

1746 — Great scarcity of provisions at 
New Orleans. French settlements at the 
Illinois send thither 800,000 pounds of 
flour. 

1747— Dr. Thomas Walker, of Albe- 
marle county, Virginia, crosses the Al- 
legheny and Wasioto (which he calls 
Cumberland) mountains. He discovers 
Cumberland Gap, the Shawanee (which he 
calls Cumberland) river, the Kentucky 
(which he calls Louisa) river, the Big 
Sandy river, etc.f Another account says 
this was as late as 1750, and another as 
late as 1758. [See Vol. II, p. 416.] 

1750, Sept. U- Cristopher Gist receives 
instructions from the Ohio Company to 
" go out to the westward of the great 
mountains, in order to search out and dis- 
cover the lands upon the river Ohio down 
as low as the great Falls thereof; and to 
take an exact account of all the large 
bodies of good level land, that the Com- 
pany may the better judge where it will be 
the most convenient to take their grant of 
500,000 acres.J 

1751, Tuesday, Jan. 29— Christopher 
Gist reaches " the Shawane Town, [now 
Portsmouth, Ohio,] situated on both sides 
of the Ohio river, just below the mouth of 
Scioto creek ; containing about 300 Indian 
men [beside English traders], about 40 
houses on the south side of the river, and 
about 100 on the north side." 

Wednesday, Jan. 30— Col. George Cro- 
ghan (British Indian Agent), and Andrew 
Montour, part of Gist's company, make 
speeches in an Indian council, in Shawane 
Town. Robert Kallendar was also present, 
another of Gist's company. 



• De Hass' Weetern Virginia, 

Erouniisoii which the English 

Valley, was pri(.rity of ( 

they sustained by this 

which De Hass calls a "vague trad 
t Rafinesqiie, p. 3i. Butler's Ker 
: Pownall's North America iu IT; 

pp. 7-lu. 



ine of the 

the Ohio 

priority of discovery ; and which 

' '-^ "-'" age of Howard— 



16 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Wednesday, March 13 — Gist meets two 
men belonging to Robert Smith, from 
whom he obtained a jaw tooth, over 4 
lbs. weight, which, with other teeth, and 
several rib bones, 11 feet long, and a skull 
bone 6 feet across the forehead, and several 
teeth which he called horns, over 5 feet 
lono-, and as much as a man could carry, 
" were found in the year 1744, in a salt 
[Big Bone] lick, or spring, upon a small 
creek, which runs into the south aide of 
the Ohio, about 15 miles below the mouth 
of the great Mineami river, and about 20 
miles above the Falls of the Ohio." 

March 18— Reaches the •' lower salt lick 
creek, which Robert Smith and the In- 
dians tell me is about 15 miles above the 
Falls of the Ohio," and returns along the 
valley of the Cutawa [Kentucky] river, 
etc., to the Kanawha river. 

1752 — Lewis Evans' first map issued. 

1754_James McBride, with others, in 

a canoe, passes down the Ohio to mouth of 

Kv. river, and cuts his initials on a tree.* 

'1756— Mrs. Mary Inglis the first white 

woman in Ky. [See Vol. II, p. 53.] 

1758_Second visit of Dr. Thomas Walk- 
er into Ky., as far as Dick's river. 

1764-The Shawnee Indians remove from 
Ohio to Pennsylvania, and from Green 
river to the Wabash. 

June 23— The second map, which in- 
cludes the Kentucky country, issued by 
Lewis Evans, Philadelphia, " engraved by 
James Turner, in Philadelphia," and dedi- 
cated to the •' Honorable Thomas Pow- 
nall." The Miami river in Ohio is called 
the " Mineami," the Scioto river, " Siola," 
and Niagara Falls the " Oxniagara." The 
country south of the Ohio river, as well as 
that north of it, is called " Ohio." 

Pittsburg laid out into regular streets 
and lots. 

1765, May 25-28— Col. George Croghan, 
above mentioned, on a tour down the 
Ohio, is at Shawane Town, (Portsmouth, 
Ohio). 

May 30—" Arrives at the place where 
the Elephant's bones are found, (Big Bone 
lick,) and encamps." 

May 31— Passes the mouth of Kentucky 
river, and, June 2, the Falls of the Ohio. 

June 6— Arrives at the mouth of the 
Wabash, and goes thence to Port Vincent 
(Vincennes). 

1766, Juno 18— Capt. Harry Gordon, 
Chief Engineer in the Western Depart- 
ment in North America, is sent from Fort 
Pitt down the Ohio river to Illinois. 

June 29— Reaches the mouth of the 

July 16— Encamps "opposite to the 
Great Lick [in Lewis county, Ky.] ; it is 
five miles distant south of the river. The 
extent of the muddy part of the lick is 
%ths of an acre." 

July 22— At the Falls of Ohio. 

Au2ust 6— Halts at Fort Massiac, form- 



erly a French post, 120 miles below the 
mouth of the Wabash, and 11 miles below 
the mouth of the Cherokee river. 

August 7 .\rrives at the fork of the 

Ohio,"ln latitude 36° 43'. His table of dis- 
tances of points in Kentucky, from Fort 
Pitt (Pittsburg), is as follows— compared 
with the distances as made by the U. S. 
Survey in 1867 and 1868 : * 

Gordon's 



Bis San.ly creek (river), . . m 
ci.)to river, ... 


500!<i 


i 


•he'^pjji^^wheV^^^ 


' .«nM 


'j,?^ 




mt>i 


Ml 


The F.Uls, 1 Louisville), lat. 38° 




5W 


WImmv t'lif l.'.w cuuntVy bugini. 


ixii 




wisr ■""""'• 






902'4 


TT-I 




KW.-i 


S3S 


Sig i^oVk" nJ caVe on the west 


' 1,0I2H 


m 


Shawan'a (Cumberlaiid) river. 


• 1,I/J4H 




OierokeetTennessee) river, .' 


: i.'"'-^ 


9X1 






*7 



the Ohio river, " I.IM *7 
1766— Capt. James Smith, Joshua Hor- 
ton, Uriah Stone, Wm. Baker, and a mu- 
latto slave of Horton's, named Jamie, 18 
years old, explore the country south of 
Kentucky, and the Cumberland and Ten- 
nessee rivers, from Stone's river, (which 
they so named after their companion, 
Stone), above Nashville, down to the Ohio. 
1767— John Findlay and others travel 
over Ky.,and trade with Indians; but are 
compelled to leave.t 

James Harrod 
down the Ohio, and up the Cumberland, to 
Stone river. [See Vol. II, p. 417.] 

1770 to 1772— Between these two years, 
George Washington (afterwards General 
and President) surveys 2,084 acres of land 
for John Fry, embracing the present town 
of Louisa, in Lawrence county, Ky., and 
upon the beginning corner cuts thciniti.al3 
of his name ; also, makes another survey 
for John Fry, on Little Sandy 
miles from its i 
of Greenup. % 



ad Michael Stone 



in the 



ent county 



.■r^' 



Molin Filson's Ke 






Nov. 5 — Treaty of Fort Stanwix, 
which the Six Nations and the Dela- 
res, Shawanees and Mingoes of Ohio, in 
consideration of £10,460, grant unto King 
George III, of England, all the territory 
th of the Ohio and west of the Cherokee 
(Tennessee) river, and back of the British 
settlements. 

1769— Hancock Taylor, Richard Taylor, 
Abraham Haptonstail, and — . Barbour, 
from Orange co., Va., go down the Ohm to 
the Falls, thence to New Orleans, and 
home by sea. 

June 7 -John Findlay, Daniel Boone, 
John Stewart. Joseph Holden, James 
Moonev, and Wm. Cuol, from the -iadkin 
river, N. C, reach the Red river, in Ky., 
and continue hunting until Dec. 22. 
Stewart is killed, and Boone left alone. 
Squire Boone and another man shortly 



■iiaU'sN. An 






FAO-SIMILK SIGNATURES. 



of Albemarle 



eraarle co.,va., nret white f / >/'y7 y^ ^ 

I- to south-eaBtern Ky.. in ^ ^-J V A/VX I ^ /i 




5. Oen*l Simon Henton, in 

1771 and 1772, explored north-eastern 
Ky., in Boyd and Greenup 



6. Patrick Henry, 

r in the world, first Goveri 
i State of Virginia, in 1776, wl 
part of Fincastle co.. \ 
^ .31, 1775, was erected 



inal, to patent 



Ky. in 1775; elected fiTrst delegate from 
tucky county to General Assembly of 



_Col. Alexander D. Orr, ol 

' and Christopher Greei 

the first 



terwarda Governo 



[Copy I . ^ . 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



17 



after come to Kentucky, where Squire finds 
his brother Daniel, 

1770— Capt. Philip Pittman publishes, 
in London, an elegant map of the Missis- 
sippi river, from the mouth up to Fort 
Chartres, below St. Louis. 

A party of 40 hunters, from New, Hol- 
ston, and Clinch rivers, in south-west Vir- 
ginia, unite for the purpose of trapping, 
hunting, and shooting game, west of the 
Allegheny mountains. Nine of them, led 
by Col. .James Knox, reach the country 
south of the Kentucky river, and about 
Green river and the lower part of the 
Cumberland river. From their long ab- 
sence, are known as the Long Hunters. 

May — Daniel Boone looks upon the Ohio 
river for the first time. 

1771— Simon Kenton, John Strader, and 
George Yeager (the latter raised by Indi- 
ans, and visited the cane land with them), 
descend the Ohio river, to near the mouth 
of the Kentucky ; on their return they 
examine Licking river, Locust, Bracken, 
Salt Lick, and Kinnikinnick creeks, and 
Tygart and Sandy rivers, for cane, but 

177:), June 22— Capt. Thomas Bullitt, 
Hancock Taylor, (both surveyors), and 
others, in one company, and James Mc- 
Afee, George McAfee, Robert McAfee, 
James McCoun, jr., and Samuel Adams, in 
another company, going together down the 
Ohio, reach the mouth of Limestone creek, 
where Miiysville now stands, and remain 
two days. 

June 24 — Robert McAfee goes up Lime- 
stone creek to the waters of the North 
Fork of Licking river, through what is 
now Mason county, and down that stream 
some 25 miles ; thence northward through 
what is now Bracken county, to the Ohio 
river; with his tomahawk and knife 
makes a bark canoe, and overtakes his 
company, June 27, at the mouth of Lick- 
ing, where Covington now is. 

July 4 and 5— The companies visit Big 
Bone lick, in what is now Boone county — 
making seats and tent-poles of the enor- 
mous backbones and ribs of the mastodon 
found there in large quantities. 

July 7 — At the mouth of the Levisa (or 
Kentucky) river the companies separate — 
Capt. Bullitt's going to the Falls, while 
Hancock Taylor and the McAfee company 
go up the Kentucky and up Drennon 
creek to Drennon lick. 

July 16— Robert McAfee has two sur- 
veys made 



stands. 

July 8— Capt Thos. Bullitt reaches the 
Falls, and pitches his camp above the 
mouth of Bear Grass creek, retiring of a 
night to a shoal above Corn Island. He 
surveys land under warrants granted by 
Lord Dunmore, below the Falls to Salt 
river, and up that stream to Bullitt's 
lick, in what is now Bullitt county. 
In August he lays out the town of Louis- 



' McDonald's Sketches, p. 203. 

I...2 



ville, on part of the plat of the present 

Another surveyor, James Douglas, visits 
the Falls, and on his way down makes ex- 
tended investigations at Big Bone lick. 

Capt. James Harrod, Abram Kite, and 
James Sandusky (or Sodowsky), in pe- 
riogues or large canoes, descend the Ohio 
to the Falls, and return. 

Gen. Thompson, of Pennsylvania, makes 
some surveys upon the North Fork of Lick- 
ing river, in what is now Mason county. 

1773— Simon Kenton, Michael Tyger, 
and some others from Virginia, comedown 
the Kanawha and Ohio to the mouth of the 
Scioto, and await Capt. Thos. Bullitt's ar- 
rival — who passed down in the night or in 
a thick fog to the mouth of the Big Miami ; 
thither Kenton's party follow, but finding 
Bullitt's camp vacated and supposing his 
party murdered by Indians, they destroy 
their canoes and go through the country to 
Greenbriar county, Va., under Kenton's 
guidance— doubtless, the first trip by land 
from Northern Kentucky to Western Vir- 
ginia. 

In the fall, Kenton, with Wni. Grills, 
Jacob Greathouse, Samuel Cartwright, and 
•Joseph Locke, from the Monongahela 
country, descend the Ohio to the mouth of 
the Big Sandy, where they spend the win- 
ter in hunting and trapping. In the 
spring of 1774, on account of Indian ag- 
gressions, they evacuate their camps or 
settlements, and return to Fort Pitt. 

1774, May — Capt. James Harrod, Abram 
Hite, Jacob Sandusky, James Sandus- 
ky, and 37 other men descend the Ohio, 
encamp at the mouth of Deercreek, where 
Cincinnati now is, and upon that ground 
cut the first tree ever cut by white men. 
They go on down to the mouth of Ken- 
tucky, and up that stream to what is now 
Mercer county, where in June, they lay 
off Harrodstown (afterward called Old- 
town, and now Harrodsburg), and erect a 
number of cabins. 

June 6 — Daniel Boone and Michael 
Stoner, by solicitation of Gov. Dunmore, 
of Virginia, go to the Falls of the Ohio, 
to conduct into the settlement a party of 
surveyors. They complete the tour of 800 
miles in 62 days. These surveyors had 
been sent out by Dunmore " some months 
before." Three parties of surveyors were 
then in Ky., under Col. John Floyd, 
Hancock Taylor, and James Douglass. 
Taylor was shot by Indians, and died from 
the wound. [See Vol. II, pp. 626, 764.] 

Simon Kenton visits Big Bone lick. 

July— In consequence of Indian hostili- 
ties, this settlement is abandoned, and 
most of the men return to Virginia, or 
Pennsylvania. Two of them, Jacob San- 
dusky and another, travel to Cumberland 
river, and in a canoe descend that river. 



tlie Falls Bbout tlmt time. He kept f 
the Bettteiiientof the country, and was a greal 
iiiid mGtbodicjil adventurer. American Pioneer 
vol. ii, p. 326. Western Journal, vol. xi, p. 59. 



18 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1776. 



the Ohio, and Mississippi to New Orleans, 
going by sea to Baltimore. They are the 
first white men, except French or Spanish, 
who ever descend those rivers.'^' 

1774, Oct.— After the battle at Point 
Pleasant, Get. 10, three of the soldiers, 
John Whittaker Willis, John Ashby, and 
Wm. BoUand, of Stafford and Fauquier 
counties, Va., visit Kentucky in a periogue, 
and pass down the Ohio and Mississippi to 
New Orleans, thence via Pensacola and 
Charleston to Virginia.f 

1775, May— Simon Kenton and Thomas 
■Williams land at the mouth of Limestone 
creek (now Maysville). Two or three 
miles from the river they find abundance 
of cane upon the richest land they had 
ever seen. With their tomahawks they 
clear a patch, and raise corn on the spot 
afterwards called Kenton's station, three 
miles from Maysville. 

Feb.— Capt. Wm. Twetty, Samuel Co- 
burn, James Bridges, Thomas Johnson, 
John Hart, William Hicks, James Peeke, 
and Feli.^ W.alker leave Rutherford county. 
North Carolina, " to explore a country by 
the name of Leowvisay," (Louisa, or Le- 
visa, now Kentucky). They proceed to 
Watawgo (Watawga) river, a tributary of 
the Holston, at a point now in the State 
of Tennessee, remaining some days — while 
Col. Henderson was negotiating his treaty 
below mentioned. Thence go to the Long 
Island, in Holston river, to join Col. 
Daniel Boone, his brother Squire Boone, 
Col. Eichard Callaway, John Kennedy, 
and their associates — in all, 30 persons — 
with Daniel Boone as pilot. 

March 10— Marking their track with 
their hatchets, they leave Long Island, 
cross Clinch river, Powell's river, over 
Cumberland mountain, cross Cumberland 
river, and camp first on Rockcastle river. 

March 25— Twelve miles from Boones- 
borough, in camp asleep, an hour before 
day, they are fired on by Indians ; Capt. 
Twettv is mortally wounded, his negro 
man servant killed, Felix Walker badly 
wounded, the company dispersed, and some 
men abandon their companions and go 
back. 

March 17 — Col. Richard Henderson, Na- 
thaniel Hart, and others, conclude a 
treaty with the Cherokees, at AVataga, and 
for £10,000 acquire the territory between 
the Ohio, Kentucky, and Cumberland 
rivers, as far east as the Cumberland 
mountains. Virginia afterw.ard refuses 
to recognize their right to the purchase, but 
assumes its benefits, and gr.ants them a 
tract of land 12 miles square, on the Ohio, 
below the mouth of Green river. 

Lord Dunmore issues a proclamation 
against these purchasers ; prior to which 
they employ Daniel Boone, who had been 
their agent with the Cherokees, to mark a 
road through the southern wilderness, by 
way of Cumberland Gap, to Cantuckey, and 
to erect a fort. 



ii, p. 32fi. 



April 1 — First fort begun on the south 
side of the Kentucky river, in what is now 
Madison county, and finished on June 14; 
by compliment it is called Boonesbourg or 
Boonesborough. Settlements are made, 
and stations or block-houses built, also, at 
Harrodsburg, and at the Boiling Spring, 
both in what is now Mercer county, 
and at St. Asaph's, in what is now Lincoln 

April — Col. Richard Henderson and Col. 
John Luttrell, of North Carolina, Capt. 
William Cocke, and Col. Thomas Slaughter, 
of Virginia, with a company of about 30 
men, arrive at Boonesborough — increasing 
the military force to about 60 men. 

Henderson & Co. open a land office at 
Boonesborough, and, by Dec. 1st, 560,000 
acres of land are entered, deeds being is- 
sued by said company as " Proprietors of 
the Colony of Transylvania." 

May 23— Pursuant to a call by Col. Hen- 
derson, representatives, chosen by tho 
people of Transylvania, meet at Boones- 
borough, agree upon a proprietary govern- 
ment, and pass nine laws — the first legisla- 
tive body west of the Allegheny and 
Cumberland mountains. They adjourn to 
meet again in September, but never meet. 

September — Boone and others bring 
their wives and children to Kentucky ; 
Boone's wife and daughter being the first 
white women that ever stood upon the 
banks of Kentucky river; and the wives 
and daughters of Hugh McGary, Richard 
Hogan, and Thomas Denton the first at 
Harrodsburg. 

MaJ. George Rogers Clark visits Ken- 
tucky, but returns before winter. 

October — Col. Robert Patterson and sii 
other young men, with John McClellan 
and family, leave Pennsylvania for Ken- 
tucky in canoes. At the Salt Lick creek, 
in what is now Lewis county, Patterson 
and three men start into the interior, going 
up this creek to its head, crossing Cabin 
creek and Stone lick, thence by way of 
Mayslick to the Lower Blue Licks, where 
they meet Simon Kenton and Thomas 
Williams. They thence proceed across 
Licking and several branches of the Elk- 
horn to Leestown ; thence to the Royal 
Spring, now Georgetown, where McClellan 
joins them, and they build a fort or sta- 
tion, and name it after him. 

1776— Leestown, one mile below Frank- 
fort, is established. 

Mr. Gibson and Capt. Linn make a trip 
from Pittsburg to New Orleans to procure 
military stores for Pittsburg ; and return 
in 1777 with 136 kegs of powder, which 
they carry by hand around the Falls. j 

Jacob and James Sandusky build San- 
dusky's station, on Pleasant run, in what 
is now Washington county. 

July 7 — Miss Betsey Callaway and her 
sister Frances, daughters of Col. Richard 
Callaway, and a daughter of Col. Daniel 
Boone — the first named grown, the others 
about 14 years old — are captured by five 
Indians, from a canoe in the Kentucky 
river, within sight of Boonesborough. 



1779. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Their fathers and friends recapture them, 
uninjured, next day, thirty miles dist.int. 

Maj. Geo. Rogers Clark moves to Ken- 
tucky early this year. 

.June 6— At a general meeting at Har- 
rodsburg, Clark and Gabriel Jones are 
chosen agents to the Virginia Assembly, to 
negotiate for the eflScient protection and 
general good of the new settlements. 

Aug. 23— They procure 500 pounds of 
powder from the Council of Virginia, 
which they take from Pittsburg down the 

Dec. 25 — Col. John Todd and party are 
sent to Limestone for this powder, under 
guidance of Gabriel Jones, but when near 
the Blue Licks are attacked and defeated 
by Indians, and Jones is killed. Clark 
afterward takes the powder safely to Har- 
rodsburg. 

Dec. 6 — Kentucky county established 
by Virginia, out of part of Fincastle 
county. 

Dec. 29— McClellan's fort (Georgetown) 
attacked by Indians. 

1777, March 7— First siege of Harrods- 
burg by 47 Indians, under their chief, 
Blackfish. 

April 15 — First attack on Boonesbor- 
ough. 

Burgesses chosen to represent the county 
of Kentucky in the legislature of Vir- 
ginia. 

May 20— Logan's station attacked. 

July 4 — Second attack on Boonesbor- 
ough by 200 Indians. 

July 25— -A party of 45 men arrive at 
Boonesborough from North Carolina. 

Major Clark's spies in the Illinois coun- 
try. 

Sept. — First court at Harrodsburg. 

Oct. 1— Clark starts to Virginia. 

Dee. 10 — Clark opens his plan for con- 
quering Illinois to Patrick Henry, gov- 
ernor of Virginia. 

Dec. 31 — So disastrous have been the 
Indian hostilities this year, and so dis- 
couraging to emigration, that only three 
settlements prove permanent — Boonesbor- 
ough with 22 men, Harrodsburg with 65, 
and St. Asaph's, or Logan's fort, with 15, 
exclusive of the occasional militia sent out 
from Virginia. 

1778, Jan. 2— Col. Clark appointed to 
lead an expedition against the British posts 
in Illinois. 

Feb. 7 — Boone taken prisoner near the 
Blue Licks. 

Feb. 15— The Indians bring Boone 
the Blue Licks, and secure the surren 
of 27 of his men, who were there making 
salt, as prisoners, on promise of good 
treatment — in which they kept faith. 

June 10— A party of 450 warriors hav- 
ing assembled at old Chillicothe, Ohio, 
for an attack on Boonesborough, Boone 
makes his escape, and reaches Boonesbor- 
ough, 160 miles, in 10 days— having had 
but one meal in that time. 

May 25 — Disastrous attack by Indi 
on a boat ascending Salt river. 

June — Maj. George Rogers Clark's 



troops, on their way to Illinois, land on 
a small island at the F.alls, (afterward 
called Corn Island), and fortify it. 

June 24— Maj. Geo. R. Clark with 153 
men, in four companies under Captains Jos, 
Bowman, Leonard Helm, Wm. Harrod, 
and Jos. Montgomery, and including Si- 
mon Kenton and John Haggin, leave camp 
at the Falls, and going by boat down the 
Ohio to a point on the Illinois shore, a lit- 
tle above where Fort Massac was after- 
Htard built, march thence through the 
wilderness, 120 miles, to Kaskask/a, which 
fort and village, on the night of July 4, 
they surprise and capture without firing a 
gun.* 

July 4— Clark sends from Kaskaskia, 
and two days after captures Cahokia. 

Aug. 1 — Vincennes voluntarily submits 
to the Americans. 

Boone, with 19 men, goes on an In- 
dian expedition to Paint Creek town, on 
the Scioto. 

Sept. 7 — Duchesne, with 11 Frenchmen, 
and 400 Indians under Blackfish, besiege 
Boonesborough, for 13 days. They pro- 
pose "a treaty within 60 yards of the 
fort," which Boone entered into — an In- 
dian stratagem which fails ; and for which, 
and the capitulation or surrender at the 
Blue Licks, Boone is subjected to a mili- 
tary investigation. His defense is so sat- 
isfactory that he is promoted from Captain 
to Major.f 

Oct.— Capt. James Fatten, Richard Chen- 
oweth, John Tuel, Wm. Faith, John Me- 
Manus, and others, build a fort and lay 
the permanent foundation of the city of 
Louisville. 

Virginia grants Col. Henderson & Co. 
200,000 acres on the Ohio, below Green 
river, as above stated. 

Oct. — The territory conquered by Col. 
Clark established by the Legislature of 
Virginia as Illinois county. Col. John 
Todd appointed Commandant and County 
Lieutenant. 

Maj. Clark orders Capt. AVm. Linn and 
the discharged troops from Kaskaskia to 
return to the Falls, abandon the station on 
Corn Island, and erect apermanent fort on 
the main shore. In the fall of 1778, or 
early in 1779, the first rude stockade is 
raised near a ravine where 12th street ter- 

Dec. — Gov. Hamilton, the British com- 
mander at Detroit, captures Vincennes. 

1779, Feb. 25— Vincennes, with 81 pris- 
oners, and $50,000 worth of military stores, 
under Gov. Hamilton, surrenders to Col. 
George Rogers Clark and his 170 men. 

April 17— Col. Robert Patterson begins 
the erection of a fort where Lexington now 
stands, and lays off that town. 

May— Expedition of Col. John Bowman, 
with from 160 to 300 men, against the In- 
dian town of Old Chillicothe. He is com- 
pelled to retreat, and loses 8 or 9 men, but 
kills two celebrated Indian chiefs, Black- 



• Reynolds' Illin 



20 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



feet and Red Hawk, burns the town and 
captures 16:) horses and other spoil. 
I Sept. — Legislature <5f Virginia pre- 

f sents a sword to Col. Geo. R. Clark, and to 
) his Illinois regiment 150,000 acres of land 
I in Indiana, opposite to the Falls— since 
/ called " Clark's Grant." 
/ Oct.— Col. David Rogers with Capt. Rob- 

/ ert T. Benham, and 70 men, are sent from 

Pittsburgh to New Orleans for clothing 
and military supplies for the western posts. 
They reach, with two laden keel-boats, 
the sand-bar on the Kentucky shore, about 
5K niiles above the mouth of the Licking, 
when they are attacked by about 200 In- 
dians, who slaughter them all but about 
20, who escape to Harrodsburg. 

Bryan's station, five miles north-east- 
• ward of Lexington, Ruddle's and Martin's 
stations, on the south fork of Licking 
river, settled. 

Oct. 13— The Virginia land commission- 
ers, Wm. Fleming, Edmund Lyne, James 
Barbour and Stephen Trigg open their 
session at St. Asaph's. 
ftt. 1780, Jan, — The '* hard winter;" game 

- frozen in the forest, and cattle around the 
stations. Corn sells at $50 to $175 (Conti- 
nental money) per bushel. 

May — Virginia grants land in Kentucky 
for educational purposes. 

June 22— Col. Byrd, of the British 
army, with six field-pieces, and six hun- 
dred Canadians and Indians, coming down 
the Big Miami and up the Licking, com- 
pels the surrender of Ruddle's and Mar- 
July — Col. George Rogers Clark and two 
regiments (998 men) under Cols. Benj. Lo- 
gan and Wm. Linn — part of whom are 
from Louisville and part from the inte- 
rior — rendezvous at Covington, and build 
a block-house ■v.iere Cincinnati now is, 
for the purpose of leaving some stores, and 
some men who were wounded in an Indian 
attack on Capt. Hugh McGary's company, 
which inarched part of the way on the In- 
diana side of the river, while the main 
body kept the Kentucky side. [This was 
the first house ever built in Cincinnati,] 
The expedition is very successful in sur- 
prising and destroying the Indian towns 
of Chillicothe, Piqua, and Loramie's store. 

No less than 300 large family boats 
filled with emigrants arrive at the Falls, 
during this spring. 

The town of Louisville is "established" 
at the Falls of the Ohio, by act of the Vir- 
ginia Legislature. 

Col, Cl.-irk, by direction of Gov, Jeffer- 
son, builds Fort Jefferson, on the Missis- 
sippi river, five miles below the mouth of 
the Ohio, in the lands of the Chickasaws 
and Choetaws, 

Nov, 1 — The county of Kentucky is sub- 
divided into three counties : Jefferson, with 
John Floyd colonel, Wm, Pope lieutenant- 
colonel, and George May surveyor ; Lin- 
coln, with Benj, Logan colonel, Stephen 
Trigg lieutenant-colonel, and Jas. Thomp- 
son surveyor; and Fayette, with John 
Todd colonel, Daniel Boone lieutenant- 



of the great Chief Justice of the U, S,) 
surveyor, 

1781, Jan. 22— Col. George Rogers Clark 
is commissioned by Gov. Jefferson as "brig- 
adier-general of the forces to be embodied 
in an expedition westward of the Ohio." 

Great emigration of girls to Kentucky. 

Fort Jefferson, with a garrison of 30 men 
under Capt, George, after a five days' siege 
by Chickasaws and Choetaws, drives them 
off with terrible carnage, 

1782, March 22— Capt, James Estill de- 
feated and killed, alter a gallant battle 
near Little Mountain, (now Mount Ster- 
ling); it is known as Estill's defeat, 

Aug, 12— Capt, Holder, with 17 men, de- 
feated near the Upper Blue Licks, 

Aug, 15— Bryan's station, with a garri- 
son of 40 or 50 men, is besieged for two 
days by 600 Indians and a few British 
soldiers under Maj, Caldwell and the rene- 
gades Simon Girtyand McKee — who retire 
with a loss of about 30 warriors, 

Aug. 19 — These Indians are pursued and 
overtaken at the Lower Blue Licks by 182 
Kentuckians, under Cols, Todd, Trigg, and 
Boone, who arc defeated in one hour with 
terrible carnage — losing 60 killed, 12 
wounded, and 7 taken prisoners, 

Aug. 25 — Col. Archibald Lochry, Capts. 
Orr, Stokely, Campbell, and Shannon, and 
101 men, when on their way down the Ohio 
to the Falls to join Gen. Clark's expedition, 
land on the Indiana shore, at a creek since 
called Lochry's, nine miles below the great 
Miami, and are fired on by Indians from 
the bluff ; 42 killed and 64 t.i.ken prisoners. 

Fort Nelson built at Louisville, on a spot 
now north of Main, and between 6th and 
8th streets. 

Nov.— Gen. George Rogers Clark, with 
1,050 men— one division under Col. John 
Floyd, which rendezvoused at the Falls, 
and -another under Col. Benj. Logan, at 
Bryan's station, uniting at the mouth of 
Licking — marches rapidly up the Miami 
river, 130 miles, destroys, Nov. 10th, the 
principal Shawnee town, Loramie's store, 
and other towns— the property and pro- 
vision burned being very valuable, and sur- f 
passing all idea of Indian stores. No large I 
body of Indians thenceforward invade Ken- I 
tucky. 

Nov. 30— Treaty of peace between the / 
United States and Great Britain is signed 
at Paris, France ; but the news does not 
reach Kentucky until the next spring. 

1783, March— Kentucky is formed into 
one district, and a District Court opened at 
Harrodsburg, March 3, by John Floyd and 
Samuel McDowell as judges — the third 
judge, George Muter, not attending until 
1785. 

Danville founded, as a place to hold the 

2nd store in Kentucky opened by Col. / 
Daniel Brodhead, at Louisville. / 

Some distilleries built south of the Ken- / 
tucky river, for distilling spirits from In- 
dian corn. 

Col. John Floyd killed by Indians. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



21 



1784, Feb.— Col. James Wilkinson opens 
the third store in Kentucky, at Lexing- 
ton. 

Gen. Logan calls an informal meeting of 
the people at Danville, (the capital of 
Kentucky until 1792,) on the state of the 






tton, after nine years absenc 
; deserted improvements, thri 
phere Maysville now is, at 



erects a blockho 

He also, with Edward Waller, John 
Waller, and George Lewis, erects a block- 
house at Limestone (Maysville). The route 
hence, by the Lower Blue Licks to Lex- 
ington, becomes a favorite avenue for im- 
migration. 

Nelson county formed out of Jefferson. 

Dec. 27 — First Convention held at Dan- 
Tille, and separation from Virginia dis- 
cussed, but referred to a second conven- 

Louisville contains " 6.3 houses finished, 
37 partly finished, 22 raised but not cov- 
ered, and more than 100 cabins." 

1785, April — The Mississippi river swells 
to the height of 30 feet above the high- 
est water mark previously known ; the town 
of Kaskaskia is completely inundated, and 
the whole " American Bottom " overflown.* 
This, for many years, was remembered as 
the year of the great waters — " L'annee 
desgraildes eau.c.*' 

May 23 — Second Convention adopts an 
address to the Assembly of Virginia, and 
one to the people of Kentucky, together 
with strong resolutions in favor of separa- 



adopts two 



Aug. 8— Third Conv 
new addresses, in bold 
fore. 

Bourbon, Mercer, and Madison counties 
formed ; and the towns of Harrodsburg 
and Shippingport established. 

Sunday, Oct. 16— Col. James Mon- 
roe, then a member of Congress, (and 
afterward President of the U. S.,) reaches 
Limestone, or Maysville, via the Ohio 
river, and returns to Virginia via Lexing- 
ton and the '< wilderness." 

Generals George Rogers Clark, Richard 
Butler, and Parsons make a treaty with 
the Indians, at Fort Mcintosh, at the 
mouth of the Great Mianth 

Oct. 26— Indians steal 60 horses from 
a station near Limestone. 

1786, Jan.— Gen. George Rogers Clark 
negotiates a treaty with the Shawnees and 
Delawares, at the mouth of the Big Mi- 
ami, by which the United States are ac- 
knowledged to be the sole and absolute 
sovereigns of all the territory ceded by the 
treaty of peace with Great Britain in 1783. 

Jan. — First act of Virginia favoring a 
separation of Kentucky, on certain condi- 
tions. 

Towns of Frankfort, Stanford, and 
Washington established. 

April— Col. Wm. Christian killed by 
Indians. 

•Hall's Sketches, vol. i., p. 173. 



Sept. — Gen. George Rogers Clark's third 
expedition against the Indians. With 
1000 men he leaves Louisville by land for 
Vincennes, sending his provisions in keel 
boats up the Wabash — which, from the de- 
lay by low water, and the heat of the 
weather, are spoiled. Insubordination, de- 
sertions, and other misconduct of some of 
the officers and troops, prevent any thing 
from being efi"ected. 

Gen. Clark detaches Col. Benj. Logan 
from his camp at Silver Creek, opposite to 
Louisville, to return to Kentucky and raise 
troops for an expedition against the Shaw- 
nees. Logan, with 400 or 500 men, crosses 
the Ohio at Limestone, penetrates the In- 
dian country to the headwaters of the 
Mad river, burns 8 large towns, destroys 
many fields of corn, kills about 20 war- 
riors, including the head chief of the na- 
tion, and captures 70 or SO prisoners ; bis 
own loss about 10 men. 

Oct.— Second act of Virginia, postpones 
the separation of Kentucky until Jan. 1, 
1789. 

1787, May— Meeting at Danville, in re- 
lation to the navigation of the Mississippi. 

June — Gen. James Wilkinson, with a 
small cargo of tobacco and other produce 
(the first), descends to New Orleans, sells 
at a good price, and obtains from the 
Spanish governor, Miro, "permission to 
import, on his own account, to New Or- 
leans, free of duty, all the produetions of 
Kentucky." He was to furnish tobacco 
for the king of Spain, at $9.50 per cwt., 
while in Ke-ntucky it would cost him but 
$2.00 per cwt. 

Aug. 18— John and Fielding Bradford 
establish, at Lexington, the Kentuoke Oa- 
zette — the first newspaper in the district, 
and (except the Pittsburgh Gazette) the 
first in the West. 

Sept. 17— Fifth Convention, at Danville, 
unanimously decides in favor of separa- 
tion, on the terms ofi'ered by Virginia. 

Towns of Bealsborough, Charleston (at 
mouth of Lawrence creek, below Lime- 
stone), Maysville, Danville, and Warwick 
(on Kentucky river, near Harrod's land- 
ing), established. 

1788 — Counties of Mason and Woodford 
formed by Virginia. 

Almanacs first printed in the West, at 
Lexington. 

June 28— Convention of Virginia de- 
cides, by a vote of 88 to 78, in favor of 
adopting the constitution of the United 
States— the Kentucky delegation voting 11 
against it, and 3 in its favor. 

July 3 — Congress refers to the new gov ■ 
ernment, the subject of the admission of 
Kentucky into the Union. Great opposi- 
tion to it is felt by the Eastern states un- 
less Vermont or Maine is admitted at the 

July 10 — John Brown, a member of the 
Old Congress, from Virginia, communicates 
to Judges McDowell and Muter, that 
Don Gardoqui, the Spanish minister, " bad 
authority to grant to the people of Ken- 



22 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



701. 



tacky the navigation of the Mississippi, 
and the exportation of produce to New 
Orleans on terms of mutual advantage, if 
they would erect themselves into an inde- 
pendent state, and appoint a proper person 
to negotiate with the minister ; but that 
this privilege never can be extended to 
them while part of the United States, by 
reason of commercial treaties existing be- 
tween Spain and other powers of Europe." * 

July 28— Sixth Convention, at Danville, 
adjourns without other action than calling 
another convention, with full discretionary 
powers. 

Spanish intrigues in Kentucky, during 
this year. 

Dr. John Conolly in Kentucky, as a 
British agent. 

Nov. 4 — Seventh Convention at Dan- 

The town of Bardstown established. 
Nov.— Maj. Benj. Stites, with a party 
of 18 or 20 — among them Col. Spencer, 
Maj. Gano, Judge Wm. Goforth, Francis 
Dunlevy, Maj. Kibbey, Rev. John Smith, 
Judge Foster, Colonel Brown, Mr. Hubbell, 
Capt. Flinn, Jacob White, and John Ri- 
ley— lands at the mouth of the Little Mi- 
ami river, constructs a log fort, and lays 
out the town of Columbia. 

Dee. — Gen. Harmar sends Capt. Kear- 
sey with 48 soldiers to Limestone, thence 
to the fort at Columbia, to protect the set- 
tlers ; but the great flood rendering it dif 
ficult to reach that fort, they go on t( 
North Bend, and in March to the Falls. 

Matthias Denman, of New Jersey, pur- 
chases of Judge Symmes (for about $500 
in Continental certificates, then equal to 
about $125 in specie) the fraction of land 
on the bank of the Ohio river, and th( 
entire section adjoining it on the north, 
(about 800 acres) which — on the survey of 
Symmes's grant — should be found to lie 
opposite the mouth of the Licking river. 
A party of 12 or 15, formed at Limestone 
(Maysville), under Col. Robert Patterson 
and John Filson (to whom Denman had 
agreed to sell one-third interest each in 
the new town), lands Dec. 28, 1788, at that 
point— a plan of the town having been 
agreed upon before embarking, and the 
name of Losantiville given to it by Filson 
(the Kentucky historian), who in the spring 
is to survey the town, stake off the lots, and 
superintend the sale. Filson ventures too 
far from a surveying party and is mur- 
dered by Indians. 

Dec. 27 — Third .act of Virginia in favor 
of separation. 

1789, Jan. 29— A party of adventurers 
leave Limestone under Judge Symmes, in 
flat boats, and at great hazard on account 
of ice, early in Feb. reach North Bend, 
where Judge S. founds a city, and each 
adventurer receives a donatign lot. 

Jan. — No votes given in the district of 
Kentucky, for electors of President and 
Vice President of the United States. 



Feb. 12 
Geo^e '" 



» Western Journal, 



Correspondence between Gen. 
lington and Col. Thom»s Mar- 
respecting British and Spanish in- 
trigues in Kentucky. 

The town of Hopewell (now Paris) es- 
tablished. 

July 20— Eighth Convention assembles 

id remonstrates against the conditions of 

separation contained in the third act of 

Virgil • 

Dec 
by Virginia, complying i 
Kentucky. 

John Cummins is the first child born at 
Losanteville (Cincinnati). 

Mr. Kaye erects the first hrUk house in 
Louisville. 

1790, Jan. 8— Washington, in Mason 
county, has 119 houses. 

Jan.— A boat with 10 or 12 persons, 
one a woman, is captured about 15 miles 
above Limestone by Indians, boat turned 
adrift with nine dead bodies of men, and 
the woman and the rest missing. 

March— Indians kill 10 or 12 persons at 
Kenton station, near Limestone, and tem- 
porarily break it up. 

Indian depredations and massacres of 
small parties of whites very frequent. 

July 26 — Ninth Convention accepts the 
terms of Virginia, and fixes June 1, 1792, 
for the independence of the State of Ken- 
tucky. ^ . 

Oct.— Col. Trotter leads the Kentuckians 
at Harmar's defeat. 

Dee. — Kentuckians petition Congress to 
fight Indians in their own way. A local 
Board >f War is appointed in Kentucky. 

April 18— Gen. Harmar, with 100 troops 
of the United States Army and Gen. 
Scott, with 230 Kentucky volunteers, march 
from Limestone (Maysville), by a circuit- 
ous route, to the Scioto river, and thence 
down to its mouth (where Portsmouth now 
is), in order to intercept some of the hos- 
tile bands. The march was almost fruit- 
less, only 4 Indians being killed. 

Population of Kentjjcky, white 61,133; 
free colored 114 ; slaves 12,430 ; total 
73,677. 

1791, Jan.— Local Board of War for the 
district of Kentucky established by Con- 
gress, and Brig.-Gen. Chas. Scott, Harry 
Innes, John Brown, Benjamin Logan, and 
Isaac Shelby appointed — with discretion- 
ary power to provide for the defense of the 
settlements, and the prosecution of the 

Feb. — Congress agrees to admit Ken- 
tucky as a State, on the 1st of June,' 1792. 

March— Gen. Arthur St. Clair is ap- 
pointed commander-in-chief of the army 
in the North-west. 

May 23— By arrangement of the Kentucky 
Board of War, Gen. Chas. Scott, with 800 
mounted Kentucky volunteers, crosses the 
Ohio, at the mouth of the Kentucky, 
marches against the Indi.oo towns on the 
Wabash near where Lafayette now is, 
burns Ouiatenon (a village of 70 houses) 
and other towns, defeats the Indians sev- 
eral times, and captures many prisoners. 



1793. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



23 



)^ 



Aug. 1— The Kentucky Board of War 
eends another expedition of 523 men, un- 
der Col. James Wilkinson, to destroy the 
towns on Eel river, near its junction with 
the Wabash. They burn several towns, 
one with 120 houses (of which 8ft were 
shingle-roofed), cut down 430 acres of 
corn, in the milk, and otherwise greatly 
distress the Indians, and on Aug. 21st, 
reach Louisville with their prisoners. 

Nov. 4 — Gen. St. Clair's expedition 
against the Indians on the Maumee ends 
most disastrously. Upon the banks of a 
smsiU branch of the Wabash, just south of 
the headwaters of the St. Mary of the 
Maumee, the army of 1400 men and 86 
officers (regulars and Kentucky militia) is 
surprised and overpowered by Indians, un- 
der Brant and Little Turtle, and defeated 
with terrible slaughter— losing 890 men 
and 16 officers in killed and wounded. 
Gen. Kichard Butler is among the killed. 

Dec— The ninth and last Convention 
elected, to meet in April next to form the 
constitution of Kentucky. 

1792, April 3— The Convention meets at 
Danville and drafts a constitution which is 
adopted. 

May — Gen. Isaac Shelby is elected first 
governor of Kentucky. 

June 1 — Kentucky is admitted into the 
Union as a State. 

June 4 — Ttie governor and legislature as- 
semble at Lexington. 

June 6— Gov. Shelby meets the legisla- 
ture in person, and delivers his first '' mes- 
sage " orally. 

Robert Todd, John Edwards, John Al- 
len, Henry Lee, and Thos. Kennedy, as 
commissioners, fix upon Frankfort as the 
seat of government of the new State. 

The members of the legislature receive 
$1 per diem, and $12 each for the whole 

May 22— Col. John Hardin and Major 
Truman start on a peace mission to the 
Indians in North-west Oh^o, and are mur- 
dered. 

Aug.— First paper mill in Kentucky, or 
in the West, established by Craig, Parkers 
& Co., in Georgetown, at the Royal Spring ; 
it continues in steady operation until 1836, 
when it is burned down. 

Sept.— Treaty at Fort Knox with the 
Wabash and Illinois Indian tribes— which 
the U. S. Senate, in Feb., 1793, refused to 
ratify because the 4th article guaranteed 
to the Indians their lands. 

Oct.— A great council of all the north- 
western Indians at Au Glaize, or Fort 
Defiance, in Ohio territory. 

Nov. 6— Maj. John Adair and about 100 
Kentucky militia attacked near Fort St. 
Clair (now Eaton, Ohio) by a large body 
of Indians under Little Turtle ; after a 
gallant fight, in which they several times 
drive back the Indians, they are forced to 
retreat with loss of 6 men killed, 5 wounded, 
their camp equipage and 140 pack horses. 

The towns of Mt. Sterling, Shelbyville, 
and Versailles established. 

1793, April 1— Morgan's station, on Slate 



creek, seven miles east of Mt. Sterling, 
captured, and 19 women and children taken 
prisoners. 

Numerous Indian depredations — the last 
in Kentucky, 

Sept. — Gen. Anthony Wayne calls for 
mounted volunteers from Kentucky : but, 
having lost confidence in the regular 
troops in Harmar's and St. Clair's defeats, 
Kentuckians refuse to volunteer. 

Sept. 28— Gov. Shelby orders a draft, 
which is successful. 

Oct. 24— Gen. Chas. Scott, with 1000 
mounted Kentuckians, joins Gen. Wayne, 
six miles north of Fort Jefferson, and 80 
miles north of Cincinnati ; but from the 
lateness of the season, and want of prepa- 
rations, his troops are sent home. 

Nov. 1 — Kentucky legislature meets at 
Frankfort, the new. capital, for the first 
time) in a large frame house of Maj. James 
Love, on the river bank. First apportion- 
ment law assigns the 47 representatives — 
to Fayette 6, Bourbon 5 ; Lincoln, Mercer, 
Madison, Mason, Nelson, and Woodford 3 
each ; Clark, Jefferson, Scott, and Washing- 
ton 2 each ; and 1 each to Green, Hardin, 
Harrison, Logan, and Shelby. The gov- 
ernor's salary was fixed at $1,000 ; that of 
court of appeals judges, $666^ ; judges of 
court of oyer and terminer, $100; and 
$333 K for the secretary of state, treasurer, 
auditor, and attorney general. 

Democratic societies, on the model of 
one at Philadelphia, established at George- 
town, Paris, and Lexington; they are op- 
posed to the foreign and donjestic policy of 
Washington's administration. That at 
Lexington resolves "that the right of the 
people on the waters of the Mississippi, to 
iXs navigation, is undoubted, and ought to 
be peremptorily demanded of Spain, by the 
United States gevernment." 

The French minister. Genet, sffnds four 
agents to Kentucky, to engage men in an 
expedition against New Orleans and the 
Spanish possessions. George Rogers Clark 
accepts a commission as " Major General 
in the armies of France, and commander- 
in-chief of the revolutionary legions on 
the Mississippi river," and issues "pro- 
posals for raising volunteers for the re- 
duction of the Spanish posts on the Mis- 
sissippi, for opening the trade of said river, 
and giving freedom to its inhabitants." 

Nov. 9— The first newspaper northwest 
of the Ohio river, established at Cincin- 
nati, by Wm. Maxwell, entitled " Centi- 
nel of the North-western Territory ;" 12 by 
19 inches in size. 

Nov. 16— First line of "Ohio Packet 
Boats " (flat or keel boats) established at 
Cincinnati, to make trips to Pittsburgh 
and return, monthly ; with separate cabin 
for ladies ; persons may work their pas- 
sage ; oflices for insuring goods, at the ter- 
mini; and at J^imestone (Maysville). 

Dec. 7— Gen. St. Clair, governor of the 
North-west Territory, issues, from Mari- 
etta, his proclamation enjoining neutrality 
as between France and Spain, and warn- 
ing citizens not to join any expedition 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY 



against New Orleans and the Spanish pos- 
sessions. 

The towns of Cynthiana, Falmouth, 
Shepherdsville, Springfield, Winchester, 
and Wilmington (in Scott county), estab- I 
lished. 

1794, April 15— "Good old Kentucky 
salt" is advertised for sale in Cincinnati. 

May 14— La Chaise, one of the French 
agents, informs the Lexington society 
that " unforeseen events had stopped the 
march of 2000 brave Kentuckians to go, 
by the strength of their arms, to take 
from the Spaniards the empire of the Mis- 
sissippi, insure to their country the naviga- 
tion of it, hoist up the flag of liberty in 
the name of the French republic," etc. 

May 24 — Violent resolutions pass at a 
meeting at Lexington. 

June — Remonstrance of citizens of Ky., 
"to the President and Congress of the U. 
S.," in reference to the injuries and in- 
sults offered to the U. S., by the King of 
Great Britain, and in reference to the free 
and undisturbed navigation of the Missis- 
sippi, to which they are entitled by nature 
and stipulation, and yet, since 1783, the 
Spanish King has prevented the exercise 
of that right. 

July — Unsuccessful Indian attack on 
Fort Recovery. 

July 26— Gen. Chas. Scott, with 1600 
Kentucky volunteers, joins Gen. Wayne, 
with his 1600 regulars. 

Aug. 20 — In one hour. Gen. Wayne de- 
feats nearly 2000 Indians and 70 Canadi- 
ans, at Fallen Timbers, (about 11 miles 
southwest of Toledo, Ohio) ; Indians leave 
40 dead upon the field ; American loss, 33 
killed and 40 wounded. 

First successful steamboat in the west, 
at Lexington, Kentucky. 

Towns of Greensburg, Port William 
(now Ca'rrollton), and Newtown (Jefferson 
county), established. 

1795, March 5— Three large lots of land, 
120,000 acres each, in Kentucky and Penn- 
svlvania, are purchased for emigrants from 
Wales. The principal settlement is in Nel- 
son county, Kentucky, 5 miles from Salt 
river. 

July — Thomas Power sent by Caronde- 
let, the Spanish governor of Louisiana, to 
concert with the people of Kentucky a 
commercial treaty for the navigation of the 
Mississippi ; in consequence of which. 
Judge Sebastian meets Col. Gayoso at New 
Madrid. The agreement is, however, de- 
feated by the United States treaty with 
Spain, Oct. 27. 

Aug. 3— Treaty with the North-western 
Indians at Greenville, Ohio, establishes a 
peace unbroken until 1S12. 

Nov. 2— A bill passes the Senate at this 
session, for selling to Elisha J. Hall & Co., 
all the public lands of Kentucky, south of 
Green river, for $250,000, payable in short 
installments ; the bill is defeated in the 
House, by a vote of 19 to 13. 

The auditor, treasurer, and secretary of 
state are required to live at the seat of gov- 
ernment, and their salaries raised to $600 



each. The gci-ernor's salary is raised to 
$1,333, '4. and the per diem of members of 
the legislature to $1.50 per day (from 
$1.00). 

The Kentucky legislature attempts, but 
fails, to remove, by address, two judges of 
the supreme court, George Muter and Benj. 

An act is passed, obliging every white ) 

male, over sixteen, to kill a certain num- / 

her of crows and squirrels each year. I 

Daniel Boone removes west of the Mis- i 

sissippi river, to what is now St. Charles y 
county, Missouri. 

Kentucky Academy established, under 
Presbyterian auspices. $10,000 subscribed 
in the East, towards its endowment, of 
which President George Washington and 
Vice-President John Adams contribute 
$100 each, and Aaron Burr $50. * 

1796— In the beginning of this year, 
Cincinnati has more than 100 log cabins, 
12 or 15 frame houses, and about 600 pop- 
ulation. 

May — Gen. James Garrard elected sec- 
ond governor, over Gen. Benj. Logan. 

Dec— Gen. Anthony Wayne, on his way 
from Detroit to Philadelphia, is taken 
sick at Erie, Pa., and dies. 

Lexington Library established, with 
400 volumes; increased in 1S72 to over 
12,000. 

1797 — The office of Falls Pilot at Louis- 
ville created. 

The " Kentucky Mirror " newspaper 
established at Washington, by Wm. 
Hunter and Beaumont, who afterward re- 
move it to Frankfort. 

May — Of 9.814 votes returned in the 
state,"5,446 are for a convention to revise 
the constitution; 5 counties, out of 21, 
make no return. The convention bill fails 
to pass the senate. 

July 12— Thos. Power sent, by Gov. Ca- 
rondelet, to concert a separation of Ken 
tucky from the Union. 

Oct.— Occupying claimant law passed— 
to excuse the occupant of land from the 
payment of rents and profits, prior to ac- 
tual notice of adverse title, and requiring 
the successful claimant to pay for all val- 
uable and lasting improvements prior to 
such notice, less the damage by waste or 
deterioration of soil by cultivation. 

Nov. — Punishment by death abolished, 
except for murder in the first degree. 

Henry Clay removes from Virginia to 
Lexington, Ky. 

1798, Feb. 10— The legislature gives to 
the " Kentucky Academy " an endowment 
of 6,000 acres of land ; and a like quan- 
tity to Franklin and Salem Academies, 
and to the Lexington and the Jefferson 
Seminaries.! 

May — A second vote upon the question 
of calling a convention to revise the con- 
stitution, results 8,804 votes in favor of it, 



'Davidson's Presbyterian (Jhurch in Ky., p 
fLitteirs Laws of Kentucky, vol. ii., pp. 107 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



out of 11,853 cast; seven counties out of 
24, make no return of their vote. 

Henry Clay advocates the gradual eman- 
cipation of slaves. 

Congress passes two acts I?nown in po- 
litical history, ever since, as the Alien and 
Sedition laws. 

Nov. 16— The nullifying resolutions, 
known as the " Kentucky Resolutions of 
1798," introduced by John Breckinridge, 
pass the house of representatives unani- 
mously (except the single vote of Wm. 
Murray), and pass the senate unaui- 

The legislature passes an act calling a 
convention on July 22, 1799. 

Bee. 22— Transylvania University es- 
tablished, by the union of Transylvania 
Seminary and Kentucky Academy. 

1799, July 22— The convention to revise 
the constitution meets at Frankfort, Alex. 
S. Bullitt president, and, after 27 days' 
labor, reports the new constitution, Aug. 
17. The governor is no longer to be 
elected by the same college of electors as 
the senate, but is chosen every four yeiirs — 
as is also a lieutenant-governor — by the 
voters directly. 

The slackwater navigation of the Ken- 
tucky river somewhat engages attention. 

The highw:iyman, Big Harpe, is killed, 
and Little Harpe flies from the state. 

Nov.— John Pope, in the senate, at- 
tempts to^amend the '* Resolutions of '98," 
but his amendment is rejected and the 
Resolutions affirmed. 

Louisville declared to be a port of en- 
try. 

1800, June 1 — The new, or second, con- 
stitution of Kentucky goes into operation, 
and is unchanged for fifty years — until 
1850. 

July — First camp-meeting at Gaspar 
river Church. The "Great Revival" of 
religion begins in the Green river country, 
and extends over Kentucky, and over 
parts of Tennessee and Ohio. 

Aug. — James Garrard is re-elected gov- 
ernor, and Alex. Scott Bullitt chosen the 
first lieutenant-governor. 

Thomas Jefferson receives the vote of 
the state of Kentucky, and is chosen Pres- 
ident of the United States, over John 
Adams. 

Congress repeals the circuit court sys- 
tem of the United States, and also the law 
establishing a U. S. circuit court in Ken- 
tucky — thereby, among others, repealing 
Judge Wm. McClung out of office. 

Kentucky now has 42 counties. The cen- 
sus shows a total population of 220,955— an 
increase of 200 per cent, in 10 years— of 
these, 179,873 were white, 739 free colored, 
and 40,343 slaves ; the latter an increase 
of 224K per cent, since 1790. 

1801, Aug. 6-13— General camp-meeting 
at Cane Ridge, in Bourbon county, Ky., 

ailes from Paris— attended by 20,000 
in 1,143 vehicles, and on horse- 
ack ; 500 candles, besides lamps, used to 
Illuminate the camp at night; 3,000 peo- 
ple, mostly men, computed to have fallen 



S 



back ; 



nd th 



aarkable bodily 



legislature abolishes district 
e general court, and estab- 



lishes c 

1802, Dec. 16— The Kentucky Insurance 
Company, at Lexington, chartered, with 
banking powers ; thus the first bank in 
Kentucky was authorized, by men who 
would not have voted for it, had they no- 
ticed its provisions. 

The right of deposite for American trade 
at New Orleans — which Spain, in the 
treaty of 1795, h.ad conceded for three 
years — is suspended, producing great ex- 
citement in Kentucky. 

Presbyterian synod of Kentucky formed, 
with three Presbyteries and 37 ministers. 
April — First piano brought to 
ucky, by Maj. Val. Peers. 

France, by the secret treaty at 
St. Ildefonso, Oct. 1, 1800, having secured 
a " retrocession " of the province of Lou- 
isiana, with the same extent as when it 
passed from France into the hands of 
Spain, sells the same to the United States 
for 80,000,000 francs (§16,000,000). Nov. 
30, the Spanish fl.ag is lowered and the 
French flag hoisted, and the keys of the 
city of New Orleans handed over. Only 
20 days after (Dee. 20), M. Laussat, the 
French governor-general, delivers posses- 
sion to Gen. James Wilkinson, commander 
of the United States troops. Thus the 
first great annexation of territory to the 
United States is accomplished. 

Sept. 10— The New Light schism from 
the Presbyterian church organized. 

An extraordinary shower, of a reddish 
hue, which many believe to be Wood, falls 
in the vicinity of Turtle creek meeting- 

1804— Six Baptist ministers of some 
note, and others less prominent, with 
many of their members, declare for the 
abolition of slavery, calling themselves 
" Friends of Humanity," and taking ex- 
treme ground. The Baptist associations 
generally declare it " improper for minis- 
ters, churches, or associations to meddle 
with the emancipation of sl.avery, or any 
other political subject; and advise them 
to have nothing to do with it in their re- 
ligious capacity." This action gives great 
offense, and the " Emancipators " with- 
draw and organize " The Baptist Licking- 
Locust Association, Friends of Human- 
ity " — which soon dies out. 

Aug. — Christopher Greenup elected gov- 
ernor for four years, and John Caldwell 
lieutenant-governor; John Rowan is sec- 
retary of state. 

Henry Clay, in his absence from home, 
is first brought out as a candidate, and 
triumphantly elected a member of the 
house of representatives of Kentucky. 

1805— Aaron Burr visits Kentucky for 

ington. 

The Trappists come to Kentucky and 

1806, June 16— Great eclipse of the sun. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1812. 



First female academy in the West, if 
not in the United States, established at 
Paris, Kentucky, by the Rev. John Lyle— 
with from loO to 300 pupils. 

Aaron Burr again visits Lexington and 
LouisriUe. 

Nov. 3 — Col. Joe Hamilton Daveiss, U. 
S. attorney, appears in open court before 
Judge Innes, of the U. S. District Court 
at Frankfort, and moves for process to 
compel Aaron Burr to attend and answer 
to a charge of high misdemeanor, in or- 
ganizing, from within the jurisdiction of 
the United States, a military expedition 
against Mexico, a friendly power. Im- 
mense sensation caused. 

Nov. 1 1 — Burr is brought before the 
court, but, for want of testimony, the 
grand jury is dismissed. 

Dec. 2 — Burr indicted, but the grand 
jury return " not a true bill." 

Dec. 6 — Judge Sebastian convicted, by 
the house of representatives of Kentucky, 
of receiving, while on the supreme bench, 
a Spanish pension of $2,000 a year ; his 
resignation accepted and further proceed- 
ings dropped. 

Dee. 26 — Act passed granting a pension 
for life to George Muter, chief justice of 
Kentucky. 

Act to purchase the first fire engine for 
Frankfort. 

Burr's acquittal celebrated in Frankfort 
by a brilliant ball. Another ball given in 
honor of Col. Daveiss. 

1807— Bank of Kentucky, with $1,000,- 
000 capital, chartered. 

First newspaper, " The Farmer's Li- 
brary," published at Louisville. 

1808, Aug.— Gen. Charles Scott elected 
governor, and Gabriel Slaughter lieuten- 
ant-governor ; Jesse Bledsoe is secretary 
of state. 

1809— The limitation in actions in 
ejectment prolonged from seven to twenty 
years. 

Jan. 19 — Duel, near Louisville, between 
two members of the legislature, Henry 
Clay and Humphrey Marshall. At the 
third fire. Clay received a flesh wound in 
the thigh, "in no way serious," he him- 
self wrote. 

Jan. 30 — Act passed, over the governor's 
veto, repealing the act granting a pension 
to Judge Muter. 

Jan. 31 — First divorce law passed. 

Feb. 8 — Act providing for exchange of 
" cut money " at three per cent, discount, 
and forbidding its receipt for taxes after 
April 1, 1812. 

Feb. 9— Act forbidding Ohio attorneys 
from practicing law in Kentucky courts, 
until Ohio repeals her law forbidding Ken- 
tucky lawyers practicing in Ohio. 

The schism of the " Particular Bap- 
tists." 

1810, Jan. 15— Act to provide for ex- 
tinguishing the Indian claim to lands be- 
low the Tennessee river. 

Jan, 16 — 'Resolutions of the Legislature 
declaring inexpedient an amendment pro- 
posed by Pennsylvania to the constitution 



of the United States— "contemplating the 
establishment of an impartial tribunal to 
d%termine disputes between the general 
government and state governments." 

Jan. 22 — Legislature approves the con- 
duct of the U. S. government in refusing 
to recognize the diplomatic character of 
the British minister, Mr. Jackson — be- 
cause of his indecorous and unbecoming 
correspondence, and his insulting imputa- 
tions against the veracity and integrity of 

Jan. 25 — Publication of Martin D. 
Hardin's reports of the court of appeals 
decisions ordered. 

Jan. 26— $1.00 compensation allowed 
for killing wolves, under six months, and 
$1.50 for those over six months old, if the 
head is shown. 

Feb. 4 — Cumberland Presbyterian church 
established. 

Population of Kentucky (now the 7th 
state), 406,511; white 324,237, free col- 
ored 1,713, slaves 80,561. Total increase 
since 1800, 84 per cent., and increase of 
slaves 99K percent. 

1811 — Mammoth Cave discovered in 
Kentucky. 

Jan. 10 — Lottery authorized for rais- 
ing $10,000 to improve the navigation of 
Kentucky river. 

Several academies established by act of 
Legislature. 

Great earthquake in Kentucky, most se- 
vere in the western part, and opposite, at 
New Madrid, Missouri. 

Jan. 31 — Lands granted, at nominal 
price of ten cents per acre, to encourage 
building iron-works and salt-works, in 
Pulaski and Wayne counties. 

Kentucky assents to an amendment of 
the United States constitution proposed by 
Congress — depriving of citizenship any 
one accepting title of nobility or honor, or 
receiving presents or office from foreign 
emperor, king, or prince. 

Washington library incorporated — Adam 
Beatty, Robert Taylor, Francis Taylor, 
Basil Duke, Mann Butler, and others. 

Lottery authorized, to raise .$5,000 to 
improve road from Maysville to Washing- 

Nov. 7— Battle of Tippecanoe, in which 
Col. Joe Hamilton Daveiss and other dis- 
tinguished Kentuckians fell. 

1812— Sisterhood of Loretto established 
in Marion county. 

Jan. 31 — John Brown authorized to 
build a bridge across the Kentucky river 
at Frankfort. 

Sale of donation lands for the use of 
seminaries of learning authorized. 

Several library associations incorpor- 
ated. 

Feb. 4 — Harry Innes, Christopher 
Greenup, John Brown, Daniel Weisiger, 
Martin D. Hardin, and Thos. B. Loofbur- 
row authorized to raise S4,000, by lottery, 
to complete the building of a house of 
public worship, on the public square, in 
Frankfort — '* the same to be open and free 
for any sect or denomination who shall 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



27 



perform divine serrice therein in a regular 
and orderly manner, but with preference 
to any minister employed by a majority<of 
the citizens to perform service at stated 

Further time allowed to locate and sur- 
vey donation seminary lands. 

All state and judicial officers and attor- 
neys at law required to take an oath 
against duelling — that they have not 
given, accepted, or carried a challenge to 
flght a duel, since a day named, and will 
not do so during continuance in office. 

Feb. 7 — Trustees of Louisville author- 
ized to assess and collect, annually, not 
exceeding $2,000 for the improvement and 
benefit of the town. 

Feb. 8— The state divided into ten con- 
gressional districts. 

Congress requested to grant 10,000 acres 
of land in Upper Louisiana (now Mis- 
souri) to Daniel Boone. 

** Cut-silver" is, if received hereafter 
for taxes and debts due the state, to be 
weighed. 

Among state appropriations, $12.50 al- 
lowed ns " balance paid for digging stumps 
out of the state-house yard, and $45 for 
the pump in said yard." 

June — Congress declares war with Eng- 
land. 

Gov. Scott confers upon Gen. Wm. II. 
Harrison the rank of major-general in the 
Kentucky militia; and the President gives 
him the same rank in the regular army, 
with the chief command in the North- 

Aug. — Isaac Shelby elected governor 
(the second time), and Richard Hickman 
lieutenant-governor; Martin D. Hardin is 
secretary of state. 

Oct. — 2,000 Kentucky volunteers assem- 
ble at Louisville, under Gen. Hopkins, 
and march into the Indian country on the 
upper AVabash. Provisions become scarce, 
and fatigue and hardships cool their ar- 
dor ; they revolt, abandon their general, 
and return home — without having encoun- 
tered the enemy. 

Dec. 18— Battle of Mississiniway. 

1813, Jan. 10— The Kentuckians under 
Gen. Winchester reach the Maumee. 

Jan. 18— British defeated at French- 
town. 

Jan. 22— Disastrous battle of the river 
Raisin, and massacre of the Americans. 

Jan. 2.S— $5,000 advanced, as a loan, to 
buy material for the manufacture of nails 
and other iron articles, in the penitentiary. 

Jan. 29— Additional pay offered as an 
inducement for Kentucky volunteers in 
the North-western army, under Gen. Wm. 
H. Harrison, to extend their term of serv- 

Feb. 1 — Washington and Maysville au- 
thorized to raise, by taxation, $760 each 
, to buy fire-engines. 

Feb. 2 — Act to encourage the manufac- 
ture of salt. 

David Ballengall, an assistant judge of 
the Nicholas circuit court since 1805, " ad- 
dressed " out of office, because a Scotch- 



man unnaturalized, and not having taken 
the oath preparatory to naturalization. 

May 5— Brig. -Gen. Green Clay, with 
3,000 Kentuckians, reaches Fort Meigs, 
and, with part of his force, cuts his way 
through the enemy's lines into the fort. 

800 Kentuckians, under Col. Wm. Dud- 
ley, killed or taken prisoners. 

July — Miserable failure of the second 
siege of Fort Meigs. 

July 31— Fort Stephenson besieged. 

Oct. 5— Gov. Shelby, with 4,000 Ken- 
tuckians, reinforce Gen. Harrison, and 
take part in the brilliant victory of the 
river Thames — which closes the hostilities 
in the North-west. 

Oct. 15— The Kentucky troops reach 
Frenchtown, on the river Raisin, on their 
return from the victory of the Thames. 
They collect 65 skeletons of their massa- 
cred countrymen, and inter them with 
proper honors. 

Nov. 4— The Kentucky troops reach 
Limestone (Maysville), and arc discharged 
by Maj. Trigg. 

Nov. 25— The State House, at Frank- 
fort, consumed by fire. 

Dec. 7 — In consequence of the burning 
of the Capitol, the court of appeals and 
general court are authorized to sit at any 
convenient house in Frankfort, until other- 
wise provided by law. Governor and sec- 
retary of state may use their private seals 
to their official acts, until a new state seal 
and secretary's seal can be procured. 

Dee. 8— At request of President Madi- 
son, the legislature sets apart rooms in the 
penitentiary for confining British prison- 
ers, in retaliation for the close confine- 
ment by the enemy of American prisoners. 

Dec. 24— Kentucky's quota, $168,928, 
of the direct war tax levied by congress, 
Aug. 2, 1813, assumed by the state and 
paid when called for under the law. 

1814, Jan. 31— John Brown, Daniel 
Woisiger, Richard Taylor, Wm. Hunter, 
and Jephthah Dudley, appointed commis- 
sioners to plan and superintend the build- 
ing of a new state-house, of dimensions 
specified, and to be paid for by subscrip- 
tions of the citizens, and not by the state. 
No pledge is given to continue the seat of 
government at Frankfort. 

Daniel Smith and Samuel J. Mills visit 
Kentucky in behalf of the American Bi- 
ble Society, to distribute Bibles, to form 
Bible societies, .and to organize churches. 

May 14— Maj. -Gen. Wm. H. Harrison 

Aug. 6— Henry Clay, James S. Bayard, 
John Quincy Adams, Jonathan Russell, 
and Albert Gallatin, as American commis- 
sioners, meet British commissioners at 
Ghent (in Belgium), and, Dec. 14, sign a 
treaty of peace. 

Sept. 20— Gen. Duncan McArthur calls 
upon Gov. Shelby for 500 mounted Ken- 
tuckians, who rendezvous this day at Ur- 
bana, Ohio, under Maj. Peter Dudley. 
He leads them, with some Ohio troops, to 
the river Raisin, against Pottawatomie 
Indians, who flee at his approach. Thence 



28 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



leads them to Detroit, crosses into Canada, 
going 225 miles eastward, and, Nov. 4, 
defeats 550 Canadian militia, at Malcomn's 
Mill, with loss of 17 killed, 9 wounded, 
and 196 prisoners ; American loss 1 killed, 
6 wounded. On their return toward Sand- 
wich (where, Nov. 18, they are honorably 
discharged), they destroy several mills 
which were making flour for Gen. Drum- 
mond, and much arms and property, to 
cripple the enemy. The expedition or 
raid is very daring and quite successful. 

1815, Jan. 4—2,500 Kentucky militia, 
under Maj.-6en. John Thomas, less than 
one-fourth of them armed (us their arms 
were on flat-boats, not yet arrived), reach 



Ne 



Orle 



ewspaper 



^ 



Maysville " Eagl^ 
lished. 

Jan. 8— Great victory at New Orleans. 

Feb. 7— Town of Covington established. 

March 17 — Kentucky troops begin their 
homeward march from New Orleans, by 
land, and reach Kentucky about May 1, 
after enduring almost incredible hard- 
ships. 

Certain county courts authorized to ap- 
propriate seminary lands. 

April 6— Great flood in the Ohio river ; 
higher than it had been since 1793. 

Oct. 15 — -A steamboat built at Louis- 
ville. 



16, Ja 



1. 29— John J. Crittenden and 
lorized to raise, by lottery, 
$10,000, to build a Masonic Hall in Rus- 
sellville. 

Jan. Sl^Church and seminary property 
and libraries exempted from taxation. 

Feb. 1 — Company in Gallatin county in- 
corporated, to build a steamboat and steam 

Feb. 6— The state divided into three 
districts, for the purpose of electing 12 
electors (four in each district) of president 
and vice-president of the United States. 

Feb. 10— Penalty of $100 upon any 
court or justice permitting any Lawyer 
from Indiana territory to practice before 
them, and like penalty of $200 upon any 
such lawyer so practicing — until Indiana 
repeals her law punishing Kentucky law- 
yers for practicing there. 

Feb. 10— Act for founding, by private 
subscription, Fayette Hospital, for the ac- 
commodation of lunatics and others. 

Feb. 10— $10,000 appropriated to finish 
the new state-house. 

Further time allowed to locate and sur- 
rey seminary lands. 

Gen. John Adair receives " the highest 
approbation and thanks of the legislature " 
of Kentucky, for his gallantry at the battle 



of Ne 



Orleans, 






for the deep interest he took 
ing a respectable portion of the troops of 
Kentucky from the inappropriate imputa- 
tion of cowardice, most unjustly thrown 
upon them " by Gen. Andrew Jackson. 

Feb. 10— Salaries advanced and fixed 
as follows: governor and auditor, $2,000 
each ; secretary of state $800, treasurer 
$1,200, and register $1,500. 



Aug.— George Madiiion elected governor, 
and Gabriel Slaughter lieutenant-governor. 

Oct. 16— Gov. Madis'.n dies, and, Oct. 
21, G. Slaughter succeeds him ; after 
much excitement as to whether he should 
become governor, or the legislature should 

1817, Jan. 17 — Hope distillery company 
near Louisville, incorporated. 

Jan. 28— The circulation of shinplas- 
ters and private notes prohibited. 

Feb. 3 — $2,000 appropriated to repair 
the governor's mansion. 

Feb. 4 — Lexington and Louisville Turn- 
pike Road company, and the Maysville 
and Lexington Turnpike Road company 
chartered. 

Feb. 4— $6,000 loaned by the state to 
Dr. Luke Munsell, to facilitate the com- 
pletion of his " large and elegant " map 
of Kentucky. 

Feb. 5 — Louisville Hospital established. 

The Kentucky legislature proposes an 
amendment to the constitution of the 
United States — -that any law varying the 
compensation or per diem of members of 
congress, shall take effect only after the 
term of service of the representatives 
voting for the law shall have expired. 

Dec. 12— Shock of an earthquake felt 
throughout the state, 

1818, Jan. 26 — Forty-six independent 
banks chartered, located, and with capital 

Lmii.-ville'; sol'iil.Oi'lO— at Frankfort ; $300,- 
IIOD— at Bowlinj i;n-.>i,, (;....rgetn.,v,i, Mays- 
ville, and I':,ri-: >jnn, 11(1(1— at Ba.dstown, 



and '\Vi(, , . -i ...((10— at Danville, 

Fleniingslidi,;;. 1 1 . ■ i ■ i ixug, Henderson, 
Springfield, and Stiinlord ; $120,000— at 
Cynthiana; and $100.000— at Aui:u<ta, Bar- 
bourville, Burksville. Burlingt.m, Carlisle, 
Columbia, Elizabethtown, Greensburg, 
Greenville, Hardinsburg, Lancaster, Leb- 
anon, Millersburg, Montieello, Morgan- 
town, Mount Sterling, New Castle, Nich- 
olasville, Owingsville, Petersburg, Port 
William, Shepherdsville, and Somerset. 
Aggregate capital $8,720,000. 

Jan. 30 — Company chartered to build a 
can.al at the Falls. 

Feb. 3— The legislature abolishes the 
old board of trustees of Transylvania Uni- 
versity, and a]ipoints a new board of 13. 

Feb. 4 — $300 appropriated to pay for a 
plan for a state armory. 

Gen. George Rogers Clark dies, near 
Louisville. 

Oct. 19— Treaty with the Chickasaw In- 
dians, for all their lands or claims in Ten- 
nessee and Kentucky, about 7,000,000 
acres- for an annuity of $20,000 for 15 



Nov. 10— For the 


f;,„.,l yPlM- 


■pding to- 


day, the total re.-(i| 


•, ,,,!,, .1,, 


ur treas- 


ury were $180,71(1- 




rrvenue 


eolleeted by sherd 




i:(XCS on 


law process, deed; 


KIl.l f-.ll- 


s:i0.031; 


dividends on state 


Stuck in il 


e bank of 


Kentucky (8 per ce 


Qt.), $45,147 


: oollected 



321. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



29 



for lands sold heretofore, $37,431. The 
Dec. session, 1817, of the legislature eost 
$24,fil7. 

Nov. 2(1— Bank of Kentucky nnd other 
Kentucky hanks suspend specie pay- 
ments — caused hy a pressure for specie 
from the United States bank. 

Dec. 10— $38,133 drawn from the treas- 
ury for improving navigation of Kentucky, 
Green, Salt, Cumberland, and other rivers. 
Bank of Kentucky resumes specie pay- 
Dec. 19— Rev. Horace HoUey, LD.D., 
installed as president of Transylvsinia 
University. 

The United States bank refuses to pay 
the ta.x imposed upon her branches in 
Kentucky — claiming exemption. 

1819, Jan. 11— The legislature memori- 
alizes congress to provide for Christopher 
Miller, of Hardin county, Ky., who, in 
1783, when 15 years old, was taken pris- 
oner by the Indians and retained among 
them until recaptured by Wayne's spies, 
in 1794, and then became one of his most 
distinguished and useful spies, going on 
hazardous, delicate, and successful mis- 
sions. Wayne promised him an independ- 
ent fortune from congress if he would go, 
but died before making his promise good. 
Miller is now poor, with large family. 

Jan. 19— Centre College, at Danville, 
incorporated. 

Jan. 28 — 57 convicts now in the peniten- 
tiary, working in cut nail, wrought nail, 
shoe, and chair factories, and a blacksmith 

Feb. 3— Charter of the Bank of Ken- 
tucky extended to 1841. 

Dee. 6— Got. Slaughter recommends 
that directors and stockholders of hanks 
be made individually liable for redemption 
of their notes. 

Dec. 16 — Act passed, over the governor's 
veto, to suspend for 60 days sales under 
executions and decrees. 

1820, Jan. 3— Legislature instructs Ken- 
tucky senators in congress, and requests 
representatives, to vote for a law " to ad- 
mit the people of Missouri into the Union 
as a state, whether those people will sanc- 
tion slavery by their constitution or not." 

Jan. 25— Time of annual meeting of the 
legislature changed to 3d Monday in Oc- 

Feb. 8 — Commissioners report the re- 
build in gt)f the State-house completed ; total 
cost, $40,032, of which citizens of Fr.anklin 
county, and a few others, paid $20,899, and 
the state the balance. 

Feb. 9 — Ratio of representation in leg- 
islature fixed at 737 voters for the next four 
years ; 38 senators and 100 representatives 
provided by apportionment. 

Feb. 10 — Independent bank charters re- 
pealed. 

Feb. ] 1— Right of replevin extended 3 to 
12 months. The "relief " excitement begins. 

Feb. 14— $5,000 appropriated by the 
state to buy books and apparatus for the 
medical department of Transylvania Uni- 
versity. 



Feb. 14—147 copies of Munsell's large 
map of Kentucky purchased by the state. 

Feb. 14 — In cases of imprisonment for 
debt, prison bounds extended to the limits 

March 3 — The "Missouri Compromise" 
hill passes congress. 

June 24 — James Madison, then presi- 
dent of the United States, and Gen. An- 
drew Jackson and suite, partake of a pub- 
lic dinner with the fraternity of Free Ma- 
sons, in Louisville. 

June — Total population of Kentucky 
564,317, an increase of 36}.^ percent, since 
1810, and making her the sixth state in 
the Union in population. Of these, 434,- 
644 are whites ; 2,769 free colored ; and 
126,732 slaves— the latter an increase of 
57J^ per cent, in 10 years. 

Aug. — Contest for governor very excit- 
ing. John Adair receives 20,493, Wm. 
Logon 19,947, Joseph Desha 12,419, and 
Anthony Butler 9,667. For lieutenant- 
governor. Wm. T. Barry 33,022, and Wm. 
B. Blackburn 22,722. Adair and Barry 
elected. 

Nov. 3 — Additional time given to pay 
the debts due the state for vacant lands. 

Nov. 5 — Secretary of state authorized 

aplete a"fuU set. 
The U. S. president requested to nego- 
tiate with Great Britain relative to the 

Nov. 9 — The state library established at 
Frankfort. 

Nov. 9 — .$2,000 appropriated to repair 



gov 



Nov. 29— Bank of the Commonwealth, 
at Frankfort, chartered, with $2,000,000 
capital, with branch in each judicial dis- 
trict — at Bowling Green, ]?almouth, Flem- 
ingshurg, Greensburg, Harrodsburg, Hart- 
ford, Lexington, Louisville, Mount Ster- 
ling, Princeton, Somerset, and Winchester. 
Dec. 22, by supplemental bill, allowed to 
issue $3,000,000 of notes, and limiting the 
amount which any individual may borrow 
to $2,000. 

Dec. 13 — Tobacco to be classed into 
three classes, according to quality ; in- 
spectors to break the bulk of hogsheads 
in at least two places. 

Dec. 25— All fines and forfeitures to be 
paid over to the treasurers of county sem- 
inaries, to promote education. 

1821, April 10- Mr. Blair arrives at 
Frankfort in ten days from Philadelphia — 
ip." 
-The steamboat Poet Boy, com- 
manded by R.De Hart, arrives at Shipping- 
port (foot of the Falls) in 17 days from New 
Orleans. 

Wm. Steele for Kentucky, and Absalom 
Looney for Tennessee, run and mark the 
bouhdary line between the two states, 
from the south-east corner of the state 
westward 114 miles to the Cumberland 
river, near the mouth of Obie's river. 

A census of Louisville gives the white 
population (of which 94 were foreigners) 



AXN'ALS OF KENTUCKY 



1823. 



1886, blacks 1126— total 4012. Valuation 
of town lots and improvements $1,189,664 
—on which $4,637 taxes were assessed. 
Valuation of 1807, $913 ; increase in 14 
years, $1,188,751. 

Dec. 6— Wm. Littell and Jacob Swigert s 
Digest of the Kentucky Statutes down to 
1821 issued. . , . V , 

Pec. 17— Imprisonment for debt abol- 

' Dec. 18— By act of the legislature, one- 
half of the clear profits of the Common- 
wealth's bank set apart as a "Literary 
Fund, for the establishment and support 
of a system of general education." Ilavid 
R. Murray, John Pope, John R. Wither- 



spii 



Wm. T. Barry, Dav 



Whil 



jted 



void the " replevin and endorsement 
law," which gave to the defendant a stay 
of execution for two years unless the 
plaintiff consented to receive bank pape 



pay 



at of his debt — voted down (t 



thirds of the hous 



bseq 



ntly 



.35). The dccii 
ifiirmed by the 



ig there- 



and Wm. P. Koper app- 
plan of schools of common eaucnunn, 
and report to the legislature. One-halt 
the profits of the Lexington branch of the 
Commonwealth's bank appropriated to 
Transylvania University; one-third the 
profits of the Harrodsburg branch, to pur- 
chase a library and philosophical appa- 
ratus for the Centre College of Kentucky ; 
and a like sum from the Bowling Green 
branch, for the like purpose for the South- 
ern College of Kentucky. _ 

Dec. 19— County courts authorized to 
purchase lands and erect " poor houses." 

Dec. 27—53 of Dr. Munsell's map of 
Kentucky purchased, and the balancedue 
for loan advanced to aid in its publication 
canceled. ^ _ . , , 

Supreme court of the V. b., in Joiin 
Green vs. Richard Biddle, declare the oc- 
cuDvino- claimant laws of Kentucky un- 
itutional and void, because violating 
intnnact between Kentucky and Vir- 



the 






; of the < 



cted commissi 
id to the U. S. sn- 
in the v.alidity of 



, which compact i 
stitution of Kentucky. 

$4,000 appropriated to pay Henry Clay 
and "George M. Bibb, " ' ' 
ers to go to Virginia, 
preme court, to main 
the occupying claimant laws. 

1822 March 22— Commonwealth Bank 
notes fall to 62M cents on the dollar. 

May 13— Extra session of the legisla- 
ture, called by Gov. Adair, to re-arr.ange 
the congressional distrL-ts and provide 
for two additional members (12 in all) 
under the new apportionment. 

May 17- Benjamin Watkins Leigh, as 
commissioner from the state of \ irginia, 
appears before the Kentucky legislature, 
and asks the appointment of commission- 
er= under the 8th article of the compact 
between the two states, to decide points 
of difference, and specially the claim of 
Virginia to locate on the lands west of the 
Tennessee river the unsatisfied military 
bounty warrants of the ofiicers and sol- 
diers of the Virginia state line. Henry 
Clnv is unanimously elected commissioner 
to meet Mr. Leigh, and make the neces- 
sary arrangements for such commission. 

May 27— Resolution and address re- 
auirin" the governor to remove from office 
Judge'james Clark, of the Bourbon cir- 
cuit for deciding unconstitutional and 



5— Henry Clay and Benj. Watkins 
Leigh agree upon articles of convention ; 
which the legislature ratifies Nov. 16. 

Oct. 29— Col. Richard M.Johnson luinm- 
vwmly re-elected U. S. senator for six 

Nov. 19— Hugh L. White, of Tennessee, 
and Jacob Burnet, of Ohio, unanimously 
chosen commissioners on the part of Ktn- 
tucky, under the compact with Virginia ; 
and Henry Clay and John Rowan counsel. 
Louisville scourged by a terrible epi- 
demic, an aggravated bilious fever, which 
some call yellow fever. 

Col, Richard M. Johnson presents, in 
the U. S. senate, the petition of John 
Cleves Symmes, a citizen of Newport, 
Ky. (a nephew and namesake of Judge 
Symmes, who made the first settlement 
between the Miami rivers, in Ohio), for 
aid in performing a voyage of discovery 
to the inside of the earth, through the 
poles— which he claimed were open, and 
that the interior of the earth was accessi- 
ble and habitable. His theory attracts 
much attention and ridicule, and is since 
known as " Symmes' Hole." 

Nov. 26— Legislation in regard to sem- 
inary lands. 

Dec. 5— Charter of the Bank of Ken- 
tucky repealed. 

Dec. 7— Lottery authorized, to raise 
$25,000 to build a medical college at Lex- 
ington Lunatic Asylum established 

at Lexington Augusta College, un- 
der control of the Methodist E. Church, 

chartered Deaf and Dumb Asylum, 

at Danville, established and endowed. 

Lottery authorized, for draining the 

ponds in the town of Louisville. 

Public printing divided between two 
public printers. 

Rate of taxation. (,M cents on each one 
hundred dollars' worth of real or personal 
property. . . 

Dec. 11 Report of commissioners on 

common schools, and of the house com- 
mittee on education— 5,000 copies ordered 
to be printed in pamphlet form. Among 
the interesting documents are letters from 
ex-Presidents John Adams, Thomas Jef- 
ferson, and James Madison, and from 
Robert Y. Hayne, Wm. Duane, and 

° 1823* April 23— Death of Col. James 
Morrison, of Lexington; he bequeathes 
$20,000 to found a professorship in Tran- 
svlvania University, and $40,000 more to 
erect an edifice for its use, to be called 
Morrison College.* 



• Davidson's Pres. Ch. in Ky., i 



1825. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



31 



The court of nppe.-ils decides the replevin 
and endorsement law unconstitutional. 

Dee. 29— Severe laws against gambling. 

1824 — Heavy emigration from Ken- 
tucky to Illinois and Missouri. 

Jan. 5 — Property to be sold under ex- 
ecution to be valued in specie The 

*' endorsement " law amended. 

Jan. 7 — A botanical, agricultural, and 
medical garden established at Lexington, 
in connection with Transylvania Univer- 
sity Another relief law, repealing 

the two-yeara replevin law, but requiring 
property taken in execution to be valued 
in gold or silver, and to bring three-fourths 
of such value. 

Col. James Johnson, of Kentucky, ob- 
tains a leave from the U. S. government to 
prosecute the business of mining and 
smelting on the Upper Mississippi — which 
he does with a strong force and much en- 
terprise. 

April 17 — A line of stages established 
from Maysville, through Lexington and 
Frankfort, to Louisville ; trip, two days, 
and to Washington City in six days. 

June — Four-fifths of all the steamboats 
on the upper Ohio river, averaging two 
per day each way, run through between 
Pittsburgh and Louisville. The remain- 
der make either Cincinnati or 'Wheeling a 

June 17— Public dinner by the citizens 
of Lexington to Henry Clay. 

Aug. 7 — Vote for governor: Gen. Joseph 
Desha 38,378, Christopher Tompkins 22,- 
499, Wm. Russell 3,900; for lieutenant- 
governor. Gen. Robert B. McAfee 33,482, 
Wm. B. Blackburn 25,382. Desha and 
McAfee elected. 

Sept. 15 — "Bishop" Alexander Camp- 
bell, of Buffalo, Virginia, announced to 
preach at M.aysville, Washington, Mays- 
lick, and Augusta, Kentucky, and at Rip- 
ley, Ohio, during Sept. and Oct. 

Sept. 26— Death of Wm. Littell, com- 
piler of " Littell's Laws of Kentucky." 

Oct. 15 to 23— Great debate at Washing- 
ton, Mason co., between Elder Alex. 
Campbell, Reformed Baptist, and Rev. 
Wm. L. McCalla, Presbyterian, on the 
subject of baptism. 

Oct. 13— Mingo Puckshunubbe, 80 years 
old, and the senior chief of the Choctaw 
nation, while at Maysville — with a depu- 
tation of distinguished Choetaws, on their, 
way to Washington City — accidentally falls 
over a stone wall, 20 feet high, which sup- 
ported the river bank, and was killed. He 
is buried with military honors by the larg- 
est concourse ever assembled at a funeral 

Nov. 2— Murder, in Fleming county, 
about 5 miles from Mayslick, of Francis 
Baker, late editor of the Natchez " Mis- 
sissippian," while traveling on horseback 
to New Jersey to be married. 

A hog, raised by Mr. Watson, near 
Germantown, Mason county, weighs 782 
pounds, nett. 

Vote of Kentucky for president: Clay 
17,331, Jackson 6,465. 



Nov. 4 — Capitol, at Frankfort, destroyed 
by fire. Loss .$40,000. The senate meets, 
therefore, in the seminary, and the house 
of representatives in the meeting-house, 
both on the public square. Within a year, 
and while still holding it for use of the 
house of representatives, this meeting- 
house, also, is burned down, and the 
house transfers its sessions to the Metho- 
dist church. The legislature, Dec. 21, 
appropriates $3,000 to rebuild the meet- 
ing-house, or to aid in rebuilding the Cap- 
itol, as the trustees might think " most 
conducive to the interest of the people of 
Frankfort." 

Nov. 17— Gen. La Fayette, now in the 
Eastern states, invited by the legislature 
and governor, in the name of the people 
of Kentucky, to visit the state. 

Dec. 1 — Electoral vote of Kentucky cast 
for Henry Clay for president, and 7 votes 
for John C. Calhoun and 7 for Nathan 
Sandford for vice-president of the United 
States. 

Dec. 14- The valu.ation of taxable 
property to be in Commonwealth bank 

Dec. 24 — All laws organizing the court 
of appeals repealed, and a new *' supremo 
court, styled the court of appeals,'' with a 
chief justice and three associate justices, 
established ; salaries $2,000, in Common- 
wealth's bank notes Center College 

authorized to contract with, a.nd be under 
control of, the Presbyterian synod of Ken- 
tucky, upon the latter raising $20,000 for 

its benefit Seminary at Bardstown, 

sustained by Roman Catholic clergymen, 
incorporated as St. Joseph's College. 

The winter remarkably mild, and weather 
from Dec. to March mostly warm sunshine. 

Transylvania University has 320 stu- 
dents—of which 18 in the Law, and 184 
in the Medical school. 

1825, Jan. 10— Only one public printer 
to be chosen, instead of two, as during 
several years past. 

Jan. 11 — The legislature, by resolution, 
claims the power, under art. iv, sec. 2, of 
the constitution, by a two-thirds vote, to 
remove from office, by address to the gov- 
ernor, any judge for mere error of judicial 
opinion and decision, if it shall inflict 
upon the community such injury as the 
legislature may deem " reasonable cause " 
for removal Representatives in con- 
gress requested to vote for Gen. Andrew 

Jackson for president Portrait of 

La Fayette, to be painted by Matthew H. 
Jouett, ordered for the hall of the house 



epresentatives. 

»n. 12 — Louisville and Portland cai 

rporated, with capital of $600,000, 



$100 sha 

Jan. 15 — Wm. T. Barry appointed chief 
justice, and James Haggin, John Trimble, 
and B. W. Patton (who was succeeded by 
Rezin H. Davidge) associate judges, of the 
" new court" of appeals. 

Jan. 28— Chief justice John Boyle, and 
judges Wm. Owsley and Benj. Mills, of 
the " old court " of appeals, open session 



32 



ANXALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1826. 



in Frankfort. Feb. 5 they publish an ad- 
dress to the people of Kentucky. 

Feb. 5 — Francis P. Blair appointed clerk 
of the new court. Attachment issued 
against Achilles Sneed, clerk of the old 
court, for the papers and records of court — 
which he refuses to deliver; whereupon, 
officers of the new court break into his 
office, and carry them off. 

Feb. 7— The new court fines Achilles 
Sneed £10 for not complying with attach- 
ment of court The grand jury of 

Franklin county indict the new court of 
appeals, from chief justice to tipstaff, for 
trespass upon Achilles Sneed's office. 

1825. Feb. 11— Death of Benj. W. Pat- 
ton, of Hopkinsville, 4th judge of the new 
court of appeals. Rezin Davidge ap- 
pointed to succeed him. 

March 5— Steamboat William Penn ar- 
rives at Maysville from Pittsburgh, 4fiO 
miles, in S2 hours — the quickest trip ever 
made to that date. 

March— Grand juries in Montgomery, 
Garrard, Franklin, Union, and other coun- 
ties, present the majority in the recent 
legislature for a violation of the supremo 
law of the state, in re-organizing the ap- 
pellate court. 

Meetings, numerously attended, and 
held at the county seats of every county, 
and in many other precincts, both con- 
demnatory and approving of the late dis- 
organizing act. Great excitement upon 
the " old court " and " new court " ques- 

March 28— Robert J. Breckinridge, in 
the Fayette circuit court, before Judge 
Jesse Bledsoe, moves to admit Madison C. 
Johnson to practice as an attorney and 
counselor at law, under a license granted 
by Judges Boyle and Owsley, of the *' old 
court " of appeals, since the disorganizing 
act. Motion overruled, the court refusing 
to hear argument. , 

April — Henry Clay burnt in effigy, in a 
number of places outside of the state of 
Kentucky, for voting in congress for John 
Quincy Adams for President, instead of 
for Andrew Jackson. A letter of Dr. 
Daniel Drake says Mr. Clay, before leav- 
ing (or Washington in Nov., 1824. re- 
peatedly told him of his intention thus to 

April 22— Great fire at Washington, Ky., 
at 2 p. M.; 13 buildings, including two 
taverns and much other property, de- 
stroyed. In 52 minutes from the time the 
messenger leaves Washington to give the 
alarm and appeal for help in Maysville, 4 
nailes distant, over a very steep, danger- 
ous, and rough road, the Maysville fire 
engine and citizens are at work on the 
fire. 

May 8— Gen. La Fayette visits Louis- 
ville, and is enthusiastically received by 
Revolutionary officers and soldiers, by the 
citizens en inasae, and by the city authori- 
ties 14 — He arrives at Frankfort, 

where he is met by seven military com- 
panies and a cavalcade of citizens, and a 
grand dinner and public ball are given in 



honor 15— He visits Versailles, Lex- 
ington, and then on to Cincinnati, and up 
the Ohio river. 

May 21 — Gen. La Fayette, and his son. 
Col. George Washington La Fayette, and 
the governor of Ohio, reach Maysville, on 
the steamer Herald. Enthusiastic recep- 
tion and ovation. 

May 24— Public dinner to Henry Clay, 



illc. 



nrd 



from Washington City. Many public 
dinners and receptions, at Lexington, 
Winchester, Nicholasville, Russellville, 
Lancaster, Richmond, and elsewhere, and 
other outpourings of the public confidence 
and sympathy, during this year, because 
of the slanderous " bargain and intrigue " 
accusations. 

Aug. — 65 " old court " and 35 " new 
court" representatives chosen. The sen- 
ate, including those holding over, stands : 
17 old court to 21 new court, but several 
of the latter are pledged to vote for a re- 
peal of the re-organizing law. 

Nov. 6 — Col. Solomon P. Sharp assas- 
sinated at his own door, in Frankfort, by 

Jeroboam 0. Beauchamp 10 — The 

legislature ofi'ers a reward of $3,000 for 
the detection, apprehension, and convic- 
tion of the assassin. 

Dec. 9— James Davidson elected st.ate 
treasurer Day of the annual meet- 
ing of the legislature changed from the 
first Monday in Nov. to the first Monday 

in Dec 14 — Committees appointed to 

devise measures to settle the difficulties in 
relation to the court of appeals, but noth- 
ing accomplished. 

Deo. 28— Gen. James Wilkinson dies, 
near the city of Mexico — after having se- 
cured a grant from the Mexican goveru- 
ment of a large body of land in Te.xas. 

1826, Jan.— The Louisville and Port- 
land canal contracted to be completed by 
Oct., 1827, for about $370,000. 

After several trials, the governor, on 
June 18, 1827, " granted a pardon to Isaac 
B. Desha, who stood charged, in Harri- 
son CO., with the murder of Francis Ba- 
ker ;" EQ says the executive journal. 

Extensive revivals begin, extending 
through nearly all the churches of Ken- 
tucky, in the years 1826-7-8-9. During 
the last two of these years are over 4,000 
additions to the Presbyterian churches 
alone. 

April 8 — Duel at Washington City, be- 
tween Henry Clay, of Kentucky, secre- 
tary of state, a^nd John Randolph, U. S. 
senator from Virginia. Mr. Clay chal- 
lenged, for words which he considered of- 
fensive and applied personally to him, 
spoken by Randolph in the senate. Clay 
fired twice, and Randolph once, without 
effect. The second time, Randolph fired 
in the air, and called out that he declined 
to fire at Mr. Clay. This magnanimity 
caused a prompt reconciliation. 

M.ay— Robert Trimble, U. S. district 
judge fur Ky., appointed an associate 
I judge of the U. S. supreme court. 
' July 7 — Jeroboam 0. Beauchamp hung, at 



1827. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



33 



Frankfort, for the murder of Col. Solomou 
P. Sharp. He and his wife, who staid 
with him in jail, at 11 o'clock, attempted 
to commit suicide by stabbing themselves 
with a case-knife ; her wound was mortal, 
and she was removed to a room in the jail- 
er's house and died in two or three hours. 
They were determined to die together, and 
had taken laudanum on the night of the 
6th, but without success; and took no 
nourishment afterwards. 

July 18 — Death of ex-governor Isaac 
Shelby. 

Aug. 1— James Clark, of Clark county— 
the judge who gave the first decision 
against the constitutionality of the relief 
laws — is elected to Congress (to succeed 
Henry Clay), by 975 majority over Maj. 
Herman Bowmar, of Woodford. 

Aug. 9 — 56 " old court " and 46 " new 
court " representatives elected ; the new 
senate stands 21 " old court" and 17 " new 

Aug. 11 — Eliza Hart Clay, daughter of 
Henry Clay, while on her way to Wash- 
ington City with her father, is taken sick 
and dies, at Lebanon, Ohio. 

Oct. 1— At the MaysviUe Jockey Club 
races, in a sweepstake, mile heats, best 
three in five, Jenkins' sorrel mare distances 
the field on the third heat, in 1:36— the fast- 
est time on record. She makes the first heat 
in 1:43, and the second in 1:42>^. [The 
track was measured, and fell 80 yards 
short of a mile.] 

Salt wells dug on Green river, in Casey 



junty. 

Bones of a mammoth found, 40 feet bel( 
le surface, in digging a well three mi 



from Di 

Oct. 10— Of the 81 counties in the state, 
32 are what have since been called *' pauper 
counties " — i. e., their expenses exceed the 
revenue they pay to the state. In five 
counties this excess is less than $50 each, 
and in 7 others less than $100 each. 

Nov — John Boyle accepts the appoint- 
ment of judge of the U. S. district court for 

Kentucky John Trimble, late one of 

the^'new court" judges, elected to the house 
of representatives from Harrison county, to 
fill a vacancy caused by the death of Sam- 
uel Griffith Large emigration from 

Kentucky to jMissouri. 

Nov. 17— Kept as a day of thanksgiv- 
ing, humiliation, and prayer, by the Pres- 
byterian churches in Kentucky. 

Dec. I— Resolutions of Martin P. Mar- 
shall, in the house of representatives — de- 
claring that the governor, lieutenant-gov- 
ernor, judges of both old and new courts 
of appeals, senators and representatives, 
ought to resign, so that by a new election 
on the 1st of May the people might settle 
the reorganizing question according to 
their own will, and thus restore peace and 
harmony to a distracted state — are adopted 
by 75 to 16, not a party vote. Dee. 15, 
they are voted down in the senate by 21 
to 16, a strict party vote, the " new court " 
opposing it. 

Dec. 4— Gov. Desha, in his annual mes- 

I...3 



sage, notifies the legislature that the pub- 
lic expenditures for the ensuing year are 
estimated at $143,283 ; and that in conse- 
quence of the assessments being made at 
specie value, the depreciation in value of 
the Commonwealth bank paper, in which 
the taxes are paid, the falling off of the 
profits of said bank, and other causes, there 
would probably be a deficit in the treasury 
of $39,283. He recommends the invest- 
ment of the school fund then in the bank 
of the Commonwealth, the proceeds of the 
sales of vacant lands, the state stock in 
said bank and in the hank of Kentucky, 
and all other funds which can he raised 
otherwise than by directly taxing the peo- 
ple, be invested in building turnpikes from 
MaysviUe to Lexington, from Lexington 
through Frankfort to Louisville, from 
Frankfort or Louisville toward Nashville, 
and other roads ; and that the dividends 
from these roads " be forever sacredly de- 
voted to the interests of education." 

Dec. 14 — Ohio river lower than ever 
known at this season. 

Dec. 20— John Trimble and Rezin Da- 
vidge, of the new court judges, resign ; 
and the governor and senate appoint 
Frederick W. S. Grayson and Robert P. 
Henry to fill the vacancies. Mr. Grayson 
refused the position, and in April, 1826, 
the Governor appointed James D. Breck- 
inridge, of Louisville, who also declining, 
John T. Johnson, of Scott, was appointed, 
and took his seat on the bench. As lately 
as April 5, 1826, Mr. Henry (who was a 
member of congress, and in his seat when 
congress adjourned, May 22) had not been 
officially notified of his appointment; and 
died Aug. 23, 1826, without accepting or 
acting as appellate judge. 

Dec. 30 — Act establishing the new court 
of appeals repealed, notwithstanding the 
f Gov. Desha, by yeas 22, nays "" 



the 



66, nays 43 i 



the 



house. [Among the latter 
John Trimble, late one of the new court 
judges.] The act recites, in substance, 
that the old court judges could only be re- 
moved by impeachment or address, not by 
legislative act abolishing or reorganizing 
the court ; that the people, at two suc- 
cessive elections, had decided the reorgan- 
izing acts to be dangerous violations of the 
constitution ; and the present legislature 
concur most solemnly in the belief of the 
uneonatitutionality and evil tendency of 
said acts ; that John Boyle (until he re- 
signed to become U. S. judge) and Wm. 
Owsley and Benj Mills were and are now 
rightful and constitutional judges of said 
court. The act revives, re-enacts, and de- 
clares to be in full force every law which 
was repealed, or changed, or intended to 
be repealed by the said reorganizing acts. 
1827, Jan. 1— Francis Preston Blair, 
clerk of the " new court," in response to 
an order of the old court of appeals, de- 
livers over to their clerk the books, records 
and papers in his custody The " Ken- 
tucky Reporter" newspaper at Lexington, 
begins a semi-weekly issue, in addition to 



34 



ANXALS OF KENTCCKY. 



its weekly Upwards of 70,000 Ken- 
tucky hogs driven out of tte state througli 
Cumberland Gap, and about 40,000 by the 
Kanhawa route, this season ; will net 

$660,000 Ohio river very low, and 

frozen over ; thermometer 4° below zero 

Steam Oil mill of Geo. & Amos Cor- 

wine, at Maysville, makes 40 gallons per 

day of linseed oil 4 — George M. Bibb 

nominated chief justice of Kentucky, vice 
John Boyle resigned ; the senate confirms 
the appointment, 21 to 17, (five "old court" 

members voting for it) 6 — Trustees 

of certain seminaries authorized to sell 
lands, and with the proceeds erect semina- 
ry-buildings, and apply any surplus to 
purchasing libraries 12 — After un- 
successful efforts to remove the capital to 
Lexington, Louisville, Shelbyville, Har- 
rodsburg, or some other point within 25 
miles of the center of the state, the legisla- 
ture appropriates $20,000 for rebuilding 

the state-house at Frankfort House 

defeats a bill requiring the new court 
judges — those " pretending to be judges, 
by virtue of" certain acts— to refund the 
sums drawn from the public treasury by 
way of salary, and suit to be brought to 
compel same, viz : Wm. T. Barry, James 
Haggin and John Trimble each $1312, 
and Rezin Davidge $1175, the sergeant 
Richard Taylor $161, and reporter Thos. 
B. Monroe $373 18— Dr. HoUey re- 
signs the presidency of Transylvania Uni- 
versity 22 — Maysville and Lexing- 
ton turnpike road company incorporated ; 
right reserved for the U. S. government 
and the state of Kentucky each to sub- 
scribe $100,000 of stock 24 — Lands of 

Simon Kenton, hitherto forfeited for non- 
payment of taxes, released to him, and 

taxes remitted to him by the state 

Certain relief laws repealed 30— Ice 

in Ohio river breaks up, after forming a 
perfect bridge for nearly five weeks. 

Feb. 1 — Prices of country produce at 
Maysville : Bacon 3@3K cents per pound; 
butter 9@12c.; feathers 20@25c.; tallow 
6@7c.; corn 14@16c. per bushel ; corn 
meal 17@20c.; potatoes 25@30c.; flour 
$3@3 60 per barrel : hemp $6 50@7 00 
per ton; whisky, new, 16@18c.; old 27® 
30c. per gallon ; coffee 19@20c. per pound ; 
sugar 8@9c. for maple, and 10@12c. for 
New Orleans. 

Great excitement in Mason, Bracken 
and Lewis counties, caused by the Ka- 
nawha salt monopoly of Armstrongs, Grant 
& Co. — a company of Maysville merchants, 
AVm. Armstrong, Johnston Armstrong, 
James Armstrong, Peter Grant, (uncle of 
President U. S. Grant,) James Hewitt, 
and Gilbert Adams, who contract for all 
the salt made at the Kanawha works, and 
advance the price (then 30 cents) to 50 
cents per bushel. John Armstrong, an- 
other merchant, is included in the indigna- 
tion felt, because he aided in furnishing 
capital and otherwise assisted the monop- 
oly. Large public meetings, at Augusta, 
Maysville, Washington, Mayslick, Ger- 
mantown and other points, pass denuncia- 



tory resolutions, decline to buy or use Ka- 
nawha salt, and begin arrangements for 
supplies of Conemaugh, Onondaga, and 
Turks' Island salt. 

Feb. 24— Geo. McDuffie, of South Car- 
olina, challenges Gen. Thos. Metcalfe, of 
Ky., both members of congress, and at 
Washington city, to fight a duel, for of- 
fensive language used in a newspaper ar- 
ticle. Metcalfe accepts, naming rifles as the 



qjons 



; 90 feet. McDuffie refus* 



fight with rifles, and proposes pistols. Met- 
calfe will not yield his right as the chal- 
lenged party to name the terms, and Mc- 
Duffie drops the matter. James Clark, also 
a representative in congress, was Metcalfe's 
second ; Metcalfe was elected governor of 
Kentucky in 1828, and Clark in 1836. 

The census of Cincinnati, taken late in 
1826, shows a population of 16,230; in 1824, 
12,016; in 1819, 10,283; in 1813,4,000; 
and in 1810, 2,320. 

May — Grand jury of Simpson county 
finds a true bill against C. M. Smith, of 
Tennessee, for murder, in killing Mr. 
Brank, of Tennessee, in a duel in that 
county, March 23, 1827. Also one against 
Gen. Sam. Houston, of Tennessee, for 
shooting with intent to kill Gen. White, in 
a duel, in that county. Gov. Desha is- 
sues a requisition for them, to the gov- 
ernor of Tennessee. 

May 7— Death of Rev. Samuel K. Nel- 
son, of Danville, at Tallahassee, Florida, 
whither he had gone to locate the lands 
donated by congress to the Kentucky deaf 
and dumb asylum at Danville. 

May 17 — Three coronse, haloes, or cir- 
cles around the sun, visible for several 
hours, remarkable for their size, prismatic 
colors, and brilliancy. 

June 1— Steamboat Tecumseh arrives at 
Louisville in eight days, two hours and ten 
minutes from New Orleans ; the quickest 
trip yet made, and bringing newspapers 14 
days later than received by mail. 

June 9 — Steamboat Lexington (owned 
in Georgetown, Ky.,) arrives at Louisville 
from New Orleans in eight days and twen- 
ty-one hours — the third quickest trip yet 
made. 

July 5— Two slight shocks of earth- 
quake, about 6 A. M. 

July 16 — Public dinner, to Henry Clay, 
at Paris, attended by 8,000 persons ; and, 
July 18, one at Maysville, attended by 
2,500 persons. 

Dec. 1 — Rain falls nearly every day for 
over three months, up to March, 1828. In 
40 days prior to January 9, there were but 
four days of sun. High water in the Ohio 
river, about five feet lower than the highest 
known. 

1828, Jan.— Henry Clay issues an "ad- 
dress to the public, containing certain tes- 
timonials in refutation of the charges 
against him, made by Gen. Andrew Jack- 
son, touching the late Presidential elec- 
tion." 8vo., pp. 60. 

Feb. 9 — Ratio of representation for en- 
suing four years fixed at 834 votes. Bour- 
bon, Fayette, Jefferson, Madison, Mercer, 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



35 



Shelby, and Washington have each three 

representatives II— Legislature offers 

$500 reward for the discovery of the cause 
of, and a specific cure for, milk sicljness 
12—120,000 appropriated to com- 
plete the new eapitol 13— Louisville 

incorporated as a city. 

March 3— $400,000 of Coi 

bank notes burned 9— Three shocks of 

an earthquake felt at Maysville ; at 
between 11 and 12, and between 12 
o'clock, at night; the second thi 
in that region since 1812. 

April 4 — In northern Kentucky snow 

fellovertwo inches deep 6— Another 

fall of snow 13^ inches. 

May— Rev. Frederick A. Ross and Rev. 
James Gallagher travel all over Kentucky 
and southern Ohio, as evangelists or re- 
vival preachers (Presbyterians) ; great re- 
ligious excitement wherever they labor. 

Five hundred additions, within one 
month, to the two Presbyterian churches 
in Lexington. 

Aug. 4_Vote for governor, Gen. Thos. 
Metcalfe 38,940, Maj. Wm. T. Barry 48,- 
231 ; for lieutenant governor, Joseph R. 
Underwood 36,454, John Breathitt 37,541 ; 
Metcalfe and Breathitt elected. Metcalfe 
and Underwood were the administration or 
Adams candidates, Barry and Breathitt 
the Jackson candidates. 

Sept — Geo. Robertson appointed secre- 
tary of state. 

Nov. 5— Official vote of Kentucky for 
president : Andrew Jackson 39,394, John 
"■— cy Adams 31,460 ; Jackson's majority 



7,934 

Dec. 5— Wm. Owsley and Benj. Mills 
resign their seats as judges of the court of 
appeals ; they had forwarded their resig- 
nations several months previously, which 
were withheld from the governor, and they 
were persuaded to act on until the meeting 
of the legislature. Dec. 8, Gov. Metcalfe 



20., 



rejects 



re-appoints them, but the s 
the nominations, by ayes 18, ; 
19— George Robertson and Joseph R. Un- 
derwood appointed judges of the court of 
appeals, and confirmed by the senate, by a 
vote of 21 to 17 for the former, and 30 to 8 

for the latter 23— George M. Bibb 

elected U. S. senator for six years from 
March 4, 1829, when Richard M. Johnson's 
term expires; Bibb 80, Burr Harrison 53. 

1829, Jan. 2— President Adams nomi- 
nates John J. Crittenden an associate just- 
ice of the U. S. supreme court, vice Robert 
Tnmble, deceased ; but the senate, Feb. 
18, rejects the nomination. 

Jan. 14 — George Robertson nominated 
as chief justice of the court of appeals ; but 

rejected by the senate, 18 to 19 19 

Richard A. Buckner nominated to the same 
office ; also rejected by the senate, 18 to 19 

23— John J. Marshall nominated as 

chief justice, but rejected by the senate, 

1" t? 21 28— Joseph R. Underwood 

nominated chief justice ; rejected, 16 to 21. 
[These objections were upon politicai 
grounds only.] 

Jan. 29— $20,000 additional appropri- 



ated to finish the eapitol Companies 

chartered to build bridges over the Ohio 
river at Louisville, and between Covington 
or Newport and Cincinnati. 

Jan. 29 — Senators and representatives 
in congress requested to procure the pass- 
age of a law appropriating public lands to 
Kentucky, to be disposed of for establish- 
ing a system of public schools Tax 

assessors required to ascertain the number 
of children over four and under fifteen 
years, and the number at school, with a 
view to adopt some plan for general edu- 
cation Rev. Alva Woods and Rov. 

Benjamin 0. Peers, two distinguished ed- 
ucators, requested to communicate any in- 
formation which would aid the legislature 
in selecting and adopting the best system 
of common schools for the state of Ken- 
tucky. 

Feb. 11— $300,000 of Commonwealth 
bank notes burnt at Frankfort, by order of 
the legislature. 

March 9— Chas. Wickliffe is refused the 
author's name of a communication in the 
Kentucky Gazette, at Lexington, when an 
altercation ensues and he shoots the editor. 



Mr. Be 



with 



pistol, causing his 



late U. 
city, previi 



y^ 



death next day. 

March 14— Public dinner to Henry Clay, 
etary of state, at Washington 
to his departure for his res- 
juencein Kentucky. 

May 10 — Destruction by fire of the prin- 
cipal building or '-'college proper" of 
Transylvania university, at Lexington, 
with the law library, libraries of the two 
societies, part of the philosophical app 
ratus, &c. Loss $40,000, with $10,0" " ' 
surance. 

June 10— U, S. government contracts for 
removing the obstructions in the Ohio river, 
at the Grand Chain, 400 feet long. 

Sept. 17 — Louisville branch of the Com- 
monwealth bank robbed of $25,000 ; $2,500 
reward offered, but no clue ever discovered 
to robber or money. 

Oct. 9 — The court of appeals, in the case 
of the trustees of Maysville vs. Boone, de- 
cide that the exclusive ferry right across 
the Ohio river at Maysville is vested in 
the trustees of that town. 

George James Trotter, editor of the Ken- 
tucky Gazette, at Lexington, kills Chas. 
Wickliffe in a duel, near the Scott county 
line ; parties fight at eight feet distance. 

Dec. 15 — Company chartered for manu- 
facturing queensware and china at Louis- 
ville. 

Dec. 16 — George Robertson again nomi- 
nated as chief justice of the court of ap- 
peals ; confirmed by the senate, 22 to 15 

Richard A. Buckner nominated and 

d judge of court of appeals, 22 



to 13. 



1830, Jan, 19 — Steamboat Phoebus, Davis 
ubree master, establishes a tri-weekly 
Maysville and Cin- 



packet trade betwi 
cinnati. 

Jan, 27 — Company chartered to erect a 
bridge across the Licking river, between 
Newport and Covington Company 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



chartered to build a railroad from Lex 
ton to one or more points on the Ohio ri 
capital $1,000,000. 

Jan. 29— Louisville allowed a separate 
representation in the house of representa- 
tives Common school law enacted; 

allows county courts to divide their coun- 
ties into school districts ; three commis- 
sioners to be elected in each district, who 
may call meetings of the people of the dis- 
trict to designate a site for a school 
house, and levy and collect a school tax 
of not over 6% cents on the $100, and 
a poll tax on voters of not over 50 cents. 

Feb. 1— Thermometer 4B° above zero 
at noon ; falls by sunrise next morning 
42K°, to 3K° above zero, and Ohio river 
freezes over, remaining closed five days. 

17 — Temperance society formed at 

Augusta, "to use all prudent means 
against the use of ardent spirits and wine, 
except for medicine or wine on sacramental 
occasions, and refuses to support candi- 
dates for ofiBce who use ardent spirits for 
electioneering purposes, or are themselves 
addicted to their intemperate use. 

March — A model of a railway, locomo- 
tive steam engine, and car, constructed by 
Joseph Bruen of Lexington, is exhibited 
in Frankfort, and the belief created that 
carriages and heavy loads could be drawn 
as easily and certainly by steam power as 
boats could be propelled by the same 
power. 

April — Great enthusiasm in favor of the 
Maysville, Washington, Paris and Lexing- 
ton turnpike road company ; $30,500 stock 
subscribed at Paris, $13,000 at Lexington, 
$5,200 at Millersburg, $8,000 in Nicholas 
county, and $10,300 at Maysville beside 
•what the latter had already done in build- 
ing the road as far as Washington. 

Louisville Daily Journal established, by 
Geo. D. Prentice & Buxton. 

Surveys for the proposed railroad from 
Lexington to Louisville show that the 
streets of Frankfort are 430 feet lower than 
Lexington, about 200 feet of this eleva- 
tion occurring within two miles of Frank- 
fort. 

May 15— The bill aaithorizing a sub- 
scription of $150,000 stock in the Mays- 
ville and Lexington turnpike road com- 



pany pass 



theU. S. 



by 24 to 18 



John Rowan, Daniel Webster, 
and Josiah Stoddard Johnston, speaking 
and voting for it, and Geo. M. Bibb against 
it. It had passed the U. S. house of rep- 
resentatives, April 29, by ayes 102, noes 
84. The south, outside of Kentucky, ex- 
cept one senator, vote.s against it. 

May 27— Gen. Jackson vetoes the Mays- 
ville and Lexington turnpike road bill, 
mainly on the ground of expediency. Great 
feeling, and several public meetings, in 
northern Ky. in consequence. 

June 4 — 155 steamboat arrivals at Mays- 
ville since May 1. 

Population of Kentucky 687,917 — an 
increase of 22 percent in 10 years ; whites 
517,787, free colored 4,917, and slaves 165,- 
213— an increase of slaves of 30^3 per cent 



Aug. 2— John Reizer, a native of Hol- 
land, and a soldier in Wayne's army in 
1794, dies in Mason county, aged 115 
years. He refused to eat, in his last days, 
and lived between 30 and 40 days without 
eating one ounce of victuals, retaining his 
senses and strength remarkably until his 

Aug. 3 — The mechanics give a public 
dinner to Henry Clay, at the Appollonian 
garden, in Cincinnati. 

1831, Jan. 4, 5, 6— Fifteen ballots, on 
three days, for U. S. senator, when the 
election is postponed to next session. The 
highest votes respectively were, for John 
J. Crittenden 68, Richard M. Johnson 64, 
Charles A. Wickliffe 49, John Breathitt 
66. 

Jnn. 15— State subscription of $50,000 to 
the Maysville and Lexington turnpike 
company. 

May 10 — Severe hail-storm, through 
parts of Mason, Bourbon and other coun- 
ties : some hailstones two to three inches 
in circumference. 

BJay 14 — Lexington Observer newspa- 
per established, by Edwin Bryant and N. 
L. Finnell. 

July 22— Tremendous rainstorm in 
northern Ky. ; great damage to towns, 
farms, mills, tanneries, and roads. 

Aug.— Lewis V. Wernwag, of Harper's 
Ferry, Va., contracts to build the bridges 
of the Maysville and Lexington turnpike 
road, with one arch each ; those over John- 
son and Elkhorn creeks, 78 and 60 feet 
spans, with single passway, @ $14 per foot 
lineal, and those over North Fork and 
Hinkston, 80 and 120 feet spans, @ $21 
and $29. 

Sept. 8— Gov. Metcalfe issues his proc- 
lamation, convening the legislature Nov. 
7, one month earlier than usual, to elect a 
U. S. s&nator in place of Judge Rowan, 
whose term expired March 4, 1831. 

Sept. 16- Curators of the Louisville Ly- 
ceum send to Gov. Metcalfe $100, to be 
paid as a premium for " the best theory of 
education, to be illustrated by the exami- 
nation of two or more pupils who have 
been instructed in accordance with its 

Oct. 22— First rail stone of the Lexing- 
ton and Ohio railroad laid at Lexington, 
with great ceremony, in the presence of a 
large concourse of citizens and strangers. 

Nov. 8 — Steam ferry-boat explosion at 
Louisville ; four persons killed. 

Nov. 10— Henry Clay elected U. S. sen- 
ator, receiving 73 votes, to 64 for Rich- 
ard M. Johnson, 

Dec. 2 — Three-district system abolished, 
and electors for U. S. president and vice- 
president hereafter to be elected by gen- 
eral ticket 7 — Lexington incorpor- 
ated as a city 22 — Lien law passed, 

for benefit of mechanics of Louisville 

Ratio of representation in the house, for 

next four years, fixed at 954 voters 

23 — Legislature, to encourage the publi- 

■ n of Pirtle's Digest of the decisions of 
court of appeals, subscribes for 500 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



copies @ 18 75 each ($4,380 in all)— to be 
paid for upon delivery to the secretary of 
state. 

Dec. 11— Ohio river frozen over, and re- 
mains so untiljan. 8, 1832; 9 steamboats, 
3 at Cincinnati and 6 above, destroyed or 
greatly injured by the breaking up of the 
ice ; loss estimated at $500,000. 

Deo. 19— Cincinnati water works burnt ; 
great distress for want of water. 

Dec. 31 — 406 steamboats and 421 flat 
and keel boats, 76,323 tons, passed through 
the Louisville and Portland canal, since 
Jan. 1, 1831, paying $12,750 toll. 

1832, Jan. — James Guthrie, Samuel 
Gwathmey and Dan. McAlister, from Lou- 
isville, visit Indianapolis, and secure the 
incorporation, by the Indiana legislature, 
of a company to construct a permanent 
bridge across the Ohio, at the falls ; a 
similar charter had recently passed the 
Ky. legislature. 

Feb. 9— Greatest flood ever known in the 
Ohio river ; many of the towns entirely, 



Dec. 31 — 453 steamboats and 179 flat 
and keel boats, 70,109 tons, passed through 
since 



le and Portland 
paying $25,756 toll: 
31 — Maysville incorporated ! 



and large portions of all of them partially^ 

ed, driving the inhabitants from 

ny 



submerge 



ad drownii _ 
stables, barns, ( 



dwelling housi 

and grainstacks carried off, 

loss of fencing, saw logs, plank, horses^ 
cattle, hogs, sheep, corn, hay, etc. Feb. 
17, the river reached its greatest height at 
Maysville, but not until the 21st at Louis- 
ville. 

Feb. 22 — Centennial anniversary of 
Washington's birth celebrated with great 
interest, all over Ky. 

April — Consolidation of two leading 
newspapers at Lexington, as the "Lexing- 
ton Observer and Kentucky Keporter." 

9 — Burning of the steamboat Bran- 

dywine, 25 miles above Memphis, bound 
for Louisville ; 61 lives, a number of them 
Kentuckians, known to be lost. 

June 2— Steamboat Hornet capsized in 
a gale of wind, in the Ohio river near 
Vanceburg ; 16 persons drowned. 

July 23— Steamboat Phoebus, the Mays- 
ville and Cincinnati packet, set fire to and 
destroyed at the Cincinnati wharf: 4 lives 
lost. 

Aug. 8 — Vote for governor: John 
Breathitt 40,715, Richard A. Buckner 39 - 
473— maj. 1,242; for lieutenant governor, 
James T. Morehead 40,073, Benj. Taylor 
37,491— maj. 2,682. Breathitt and Taylor 
were the "Jackson," and Buckner .ind 
Morehead the " Clay " candidates. 

Aug. 18— Observed, by Gov. Metcalfe's 
proclamation, as a day of humiliation and 
prayer, in view of the approach of the 
cholera. 

Oct.— Asiatic cholera visits Louisville 
Lexington, Frankfort, Maysville and other 
towns, generally very lightly in the num- 
ber of Its victims. 

Nov. 7— Vote for president and vice- 
president in Ky. : Henry Clay and John 
Sergeant 43,449, Andrew Jackson and 
Martin Van Buren 36,290— majority 7,159; 
to which add 165, Clay's majority in Jes- 
samine county, not reported. 



the Lou 
^n. 1, 183: 
1833, Jan 
=ily. 

Feb. 2— Louisville Bank of Kentucky 
"tered $50,000 additional sub- 
scribed by the state in the Maysville and 

Lexington turnpike road company 

The importation of slaves prohibited, ex" 
cept by hoimfide emigrants, or where they 

are willed to or inherited by residents 

The legislature adopts resolutions in favor 
of the Union, and condemning the nullifi- 
cation acts of South Carolina Severe 

law against gambling Legislature 

hereafter meets on the last day of Decem- 
ber, instead.of the first Monday. 

Pirtle's Digest of the decisions of the 
court of appeals issued. 

Benefits of the " Education farm," es- 
tablished in connection with Centre Col- 
lege, (to assist candidates for the minis- 
try through their college course, two 
hours labor per day reducing the cost to 
$60 per annum) extended to other stu- 
dents. 

March— The bill offered by Henry Clay, 
to graduate the price of the public lands^ 
passes both houses of Congress, but is ve- 
toed by President Jackson 3— Mr. 

Clay's compromise tariff bill passes the u! 
S. senate by 29 to 16 and the house of rep- 
resentatives bv 149 to 48. 

March 22_$1,150,000 stock in the Lou- 
isville bank subscribed in four days, two- 
thirds of it by eastern capitalists Ken- 
tucky colonization society sends from 
Louisville to Liberia 102 manumitted 
slaves, from Logan, Adair, Bourbon, Fay- 
nf _._|j o(jjj,^ counties; paying 
gAjax 



$2,300 for their passage in 
from New Orleans, April 20, 

April— Steam paper mill established at 
Maysville. Eight i.aper mills upon Elk- 
horn, within 10 miles of Frankfort 

9 — Frankfort Commonwealth newspaper 
estnblished ; Albert G. Hodges publisher. 
April —Great fire at Maysville. 
April 13— The celebrated Indian chief 
Black Hawk (67 years of age), the prophet 
Neopope, Black Hawk's son, a young Fox 
chief, and a Sac chief, pass up the Ohio 
river, on the steamer Lady Byron, bound 
for Fortress Monroe— where they are do- 
tained until June, hostages for the good 
faith and peace of their people, defeated 
m the Indian war in Iowa, last year. 

May 16 — Benjamin B. Prichard, of 
Montgomery county, leaves home in search 
of a physician who can relieve him of su- 
perabundant flesh. He is 42 years old, 6 
feet one inch high, and weighs 483 pounds ; 
his health is good ; he is quite communi- 
cative and intelligent. 

May 30 to Aug. 1— The Asiatic cholera 
Isreaks out at Maysville, and spreads rap- 
idly through the state ; consternation and 
mourning everywhere. In Maysville 67 
deaths, and about 60 in Mason county. In 
Flemingsburg 66, (47 whites, 19 blacks), 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



ElizaviUe and vicinity 21 ; in Fleming 
county wliolo families (12 in one, lU in 
another) were eat off within 48 hours, 
and eonsigned to one common grave w,th_ 
out windinff sheet or coffin. In Pans i3 
del,rr« whites, 33 blacks), Millers - 
burg 78, CenterviUe 16, and many more in 
Bourbon county, 19 in one family. In Lex- 
fn^ton, from June 1 to Aug. 1, 602 deaths 
(272 whites, 232 blacks), of which twenty- 
five were at the Lunatic Asylum. In F™°k- 
fort 54. In Georgetown 48, and in Scott 
county 16 in one family. In Cynthi- 
ana and vicinity 47. In Mountsterling 
and Montgomery county 36. In Lancas- 
ter and neighborhood 120. In Lnwiencc- 
burgh and Anderson county 89. In Spring- 
field 80. In Greensburg 41. In Salem, 
Livinsston county, 17. In Bardstown 
and Nelson county 40. In Danville 20 
in one week. In Harrodsburg 18. Other 
places were similarly scourged ; Lou- 
isville so lightly that the people hard- 
ly knew of its presence." Many points 
were devastated that were spared in 1832. 
Over 1500 persons were prostrated with 
it in Lexington, in nine days after its 
appearance ; some days, as many as fifty 
deaths. 76 letters of administration were 
granted at the Sept. term of the Bourbon 
county court, and more in Mason county 
than in the previous 12 months. 

June 21— Steamboats Rambler, Sentinel, 

and Delphine burnt at the Louisville wharf. 

Aug 21— Kobert P. Letcher receives 44 

majority for congress, in the Danville dis- 



trict, over Thos. P. Moore; but Alfred 
Hooker, the sheriff of Lincoln county, car- 
ries off the pofl books of that county, which 
gave 149 majority for Letcher ; and the re- 
maining sheriffs give the certificate of elec- 
tion to Moore. . 1 
Aue. 23— Personal rencontre, with pis- 
tols in Louisville, between Geo. D. Pren- 
tice! editor of the Journal and Focus, and 
Geo. James Trotter, editor of the Ken- 
tucky Gazette, Lexington; neither ma- 
terially injured. . . , e 
Sept. 16— Kentucky Association show of 
fine stock, at Lexington ; the judges, Hen- 
rv Clay, Jacob Hughes, Wm. P. Hume, 
James Reniek, and Isaac Vanmeter, award 
16 premiums. _ ., ^ 
Oct. 5— Rev. Benj. 0. Peers, president 
of Transylvania University, travels over 
part of the state, delivering addresses at 
jjanville, Lancaster Harrodsburg, Nichol- 
asviUe, and other places, on popular educa- 
tion, and stirring up an interest in the cause, 
jjov. 6 — 51 teachers, from 18 counties, 
attend the Teachers' Convention at Lex- 
ington, organize " the Kentucky Associa- 
tion of professional teachers with wann 
Butler (the historian) as president, and 
appoint one to three influential gentlemen 
in each county " to promote the interests 
of education" therein. The next day, a 
general education convention was held in 
Lexington, 145 delegates present, among 
them many of the most able and influen- 
tial men in the state. A great impetus 
was given to the cause. 



Nov 13— Showers of shooting stars or 
small meteors, from 11 o'clock on Tuesday 
nieht 12th, to broad daylight. Many fell 
directly to the earth, others obliquely or 
aslant, still others shot in a parallel direc- 
tion until their explosion without noise i 
some made long streaks of light like nee- 
dles Many persons described the scene as 
a storm of' fire, others as snowflakes or 
trains of 'fire— the whole grand, sublime, 

""dcc'i- Medical college established at 
Louisville, under the charter granted to 
Centre College, at D'"';'"'',—;;-"^,'^ 
falls for two days, to 'ho/ep ,h o^f ^^ 
inches, in northern Ky., and still deeper 
towards Virginia; in St.aunton, Va., it 
was 3 feet deep, the weight of snow break- 
ing down many barns and sheds.........31 

—875 steamboats and 710 flat and keel 
boats, 169,SS5 tons, pay *60 737 toll for 
passing through the Louisville and Port- 
ii.iid ri\nn\ since Jan. 1, lb.30. 

1834 Jin l-On the 16th ballot. Col. 
Richard B. New is elected speaker of the 
hou«e of representatives over Col. Leslie 

Sombs, 56 'to 38 Gov. Breathitt's 

messa-e recommends the establishment of 
a Stat? bank, with four or five branches, 
and specie capital of $4,000,000, of which 
the state to take two-thirds. He says, 
about another matter : e t.\, 

" In looking into the archives ot tne 
state, I regret that many important docu- 
ments in relation to the political history of 
the Commonwealth are not to be found. It 
is believed that many have never been 
furnished ; indeed some of them have never 
been printed ; and that others were lost in 
the confla<'ration of the Secretary s ofiice, 
some twenty years ago. Do we not owe it to 
ourselves and to posterity, to rescue from 
the oblivious hand of time important pa- 
pers in which all should feel an interest Y 
It is a fact not generally known, that the 
people inhabiting the district of Ken'"<=ky 
had many meetings. Convention followed 
tion, for several years »"t""or to 



the final 



1 from the 



!0fVi 



me nnai strijiii.n.i"" -•■' — — 
ffinia The journ.als of those conventions 
have never been printed, and perhaps but 
a single copy remains in the hands of a 
private gentleman. The journal of the 
convention of 1799, which formed our con- 
stitution, I find, also, in manuscript _ We 
are proud of the name of Kentuekians. 
There is a laudable solicitude to know 
every thing in respect to our history. 
Those " pioneers of the west " were a bold, 
patriotic, enterprising, and liberal peop e. 
Let us, at least, perpetuate their public 
ts in some durable manner, and be able 
furnish a complete history of the pro- 
ledings of the various public assemblies 



,vith 



gove 



raid, therefore, suggest the propriety of 
the appointment of a committee to make 
inquiries into the matter ; and that yon 
direct the printing of such documents as 
may bo regarded necessary to a perpetua- 
tion of our political history as a state. 
The senate took no notice of the recom- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



39 



ndation further than to amend and con- 
in a resolution from the house. The 
ise referred **so much of the Governor's 
elates to historical documents " 
tea select committee: Mortimer R. Wig- 
ginton, of the city of Louisville, Larj An- 
derson, of Jefferson, John J. Marshall, of 
Franklin (son of the historian Humphrey 
Marshall), and Jefferson Phelps, of Camp- 
bell ; who reported the following resolu- 
tion, which passed both houses, and was 
approved by the governor, Feb. 24, 1834 : 

** Whereas, it is represented to the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the Commonwealth of 
Kentucky, that Mann Butler, Esq., is 
now engaged in writing a History of Ken- 
tucky, and that the Governor has recently 
obtained possession of a number of docu- 
ments relating to tlie early settlement and 
legislation of the country : Therefore, 

"lie it Resolved bi/ the Senate and House of 
Representatives, That the Secretary of 
State be, and he is hereby, required to 
furnish the said Butler with the whole or 
any part of said documents, upon the s.aid 
Butler's executing his bond, in the penalty 
of one thousand dollars, payable to the 
Commonwealth of Kentucky, conditioned 
to return the documents to the office of the 
Secretary of State within twelve months 
from the date of said bond." 

Jan. 9 — Kentucky educational conven- 
tion, with delegates from 58 counties, meets 
at Frankfort 14— Kentucky legisla- 
tive temperance society organized, Gov. 

Breathitt president 28 — Kentucky 

common school society organized, at Frank- 
fort ; president, Gov. Breathitt ; vice pres- 
idents, James T. Morehead, Benj. 0. Peers, 
John C. Young, Henry B. Baseom, Thos. 
Marshall, Daniel Breck,and 7 others ; cor- 
responding secretary, Thornton A. Mills. 
28 — Death of Judge John Boyle. 

Feb. 1— The great pressure in the money 
market in the Atlantic cities, extending 
westward ; the U. S. branch banks at Cin- 
cinnati ordered to "call in," during this 
month, $153,000, that at Louisville $226,- 
000, and that at Lexington to suspend dis- 
counting entirely. Prices of produce fall 
33 to 40 per ceiit. (flour from $4 to $3 and 
even $2 50) and real estate 50 per cent. 
Much gloom and despondence j money 
loaned frequently at 2)4 per cent per 
month. Cause — removal of the U. S. gov- 
ernment funds or deposits from the U. S. 
bank and branches, by order of President 
J.nckson, and his war upon that bank. 

Feb. 1— Legislature contracts with Luke 
Munsell for 200 copies of his improved Map 
of Kentucky — yet to be completed — at $6 
each; and Feb. 8, with Charles S. More- 
head and Mason Brown for 2000 copies of 
their Digest of the statute laws of Ken- 
tucky— yet to be completed— at $9.62)4 for 

Feb. 13 — Rate of taxation increased from 
6M cents on each $100 of taxable property 
to 10 cents ; and 40 cents tax to be collect- 
ed on each share of stock of the Louis- 
ville Bank of Kentucky Company 

chartered to erect the Gait House at Louis- 



ville 22— Act passed to build an arse- 
nal, on the northeast corner of the public 

square in Frankfort Also, to establish 

the Bank of Kentucky at Louisville, with 
six branches, and $5,000,000 capital; the 
state to subscribe for $1,000,000 of the 
stock payable in 5 per cent 35 year bonds 
(redeemable, at the pleasure of the state, 
after 30 years,) and $1,000,000 more, pay- 
able by the bank dividends as declared, 
unless the state choose to pay otherwise ; 
the annual state tax to be not less than 25 

nor more than 50 cents per share 24 

— Covington incorporated as a city 

State appropriations for sundry turnpike 
companies, and to improve the navigation 
of Green, Cumberland, Muddy, Rockcastle, 
Tradewater, Big Sandy, Big Barren, No- 
lin. Blood, Licking, and Kentucky rivers. 

Feb. 21— Death of the governor, John 
Breathitt, from pulmonary consumption; 
his remains taken to Russellville for inter- 
ment 22— Lieut.-gov. James T. More- 
head takes the oath of ofiice as governor, 
and James Guthrie is elected sneaker of 
the senate. 

March 24— The first lot of goods from 
Philadelphia, by way of the Pennsylvania 
canals and portage railroad over the Alle- 
gheny mountains, reaches Pittsburgh, in 
13 days from Philadelphia; and in three 

days more reaches Maysville 31 — 

Steamer Tuscarora, Capt. Edward Carroll, 
reaches Louisville from New Oi'leans in 



April 26- Public meeting at Frankfort, 
and others subsequently all over the state, 
condemn President Jackson for remov- 
ing the public deposits from the place 
where Congress had ordered them, and de- 
nounce his claim of extraordinary power. 

27 — Remarkable frost in northern 

Kentucky, destroying every species of 
fruit on the high lands and injuring the 
young corn, clover, and all vegetation. 

Aug. 6— Robert P. Letcher elected to 
congress, in the Mercer and Garrard dis- 
trict, by 270 votes over Thos. P. Moore— 
the seat having been declared vacant, and 
a new election ordered 11 — Remark- 
ably hot weather, for three weeks past, 
thermometer ranging from 96° to 99>^° 
and several times as high as 102°, in the 
shade. Severe drought through northern 
Kentucky from about July 15 to Sept. 8. 

95 whigs and 41 Jackson-men elected 

to the legislature ; last year, 77 whigs and 
61 Jackson-men. 

A six-horse wagon draws three loads, 
weighing 14,469, 14,629, 15,724 pounds 
respectively, ten miles each, on the Mays- 
ville and Lexington turnpike road (mac- 
adamized) ; the grade for one mile is 4J4 
degrees, and much of the rest 2 and 3 de- 
grees ; the wagon-tire 5 inches wide. 

Sept. 12 and 13— Splendid display of 
stock at the Lexington stock fair. 

Nov. 20 — A shock of earthquake in 
northern Kentucky at 1:40 p. m., lasting 
30 or 40 seconds ; houses shaken, plaster- 
ing cracked, two sounds like distant thun- 



40 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



der 30 — Eclipse of the si 

5-6ths of his disk obscured; th 
falls three or four degrees. 

Dec. 1 — Freshet in Licking river ; beau- 
tiful -new turnpike bridge at the Lower 
Blue Licks carried off; loss $12,000. 

1835, Jan. 25 — First locomotive and 
train of cars arrive at the head of the in- 
clined plane at Frankfort, from Lexington, 
in 2 hours 29 minutes. Great enthusiasm. 

Jan. 26 — Weather mild, thermometer 
65° ; increases in cold until Sunday, Feb. 
8, when it is 13° below zero at Maysville, 
20° at Washington and Mayslick, 15?^° at 
Millersburg, and 16° at Paris. Notwith- 
standing the high stage of water in the 
Ohio, between 400 and 500 passengers on 
steamboats bound up, are detained by ice 
between Portsmouth and Catlettsburg 
and AVheeling. 

Jan. 28 — Attempted assassination of 
President Jackson, at Washington city, 
while attending a funeral at the eapitol ; a 
pistol, well-loaded, is snapped twice at him 
by an insane painter named Richard Law- 
rence, but misses fire. 

Feb. 14 — The legislature directs the sec- 
retary of state to furnish to Mann Butler, 
for use in preparing the second edition of 
his history of Kentucky, the whole or any 
part of certain state papers, to be returned 

within twelve months 20— Northern 

Bank of Kentucky at Lexington ch.artcred, 
with four branches, and $3,000,000 capital; 
state to subscribe $1,000,000 of stock, pay- 
able in five per cent bonds 28— State 

board of internal improvement created. 

City of Louisville authorized to levy 

and collect a tax of $25,000 per year for 
four years, to build gas-works. 

Feb. 23— Ephraim M. Ewing and John 
Chambers nominated, and unanimously 
confirmed, judges of the court of appeals, 
vice Jos. R. Underwood and S. S. Nicholas, 
resigned. 

March 21— Thos. A. Marshall appointed 
judge of the court of appeals, vice John 
Chambers, resigned on account of ill 
health. 

July 2 — Cholera again visits Ky. ; 
deaths to date at Maysville 17, in Mason 
county 15, in Millersburg 11, in Sharps- 
burg 13, in Louisville a few deaths, in 
Russellville 112 or 1 in 12 of the popula- 

Aug. 24— Deaths from cholera in Ver- 
sailles, within 10 days, 61, or 1 in 15 of 
the entire population. The deaths from 
cholera, in the years 1833 and 1S35, at 
Millersburg were 49, or 1 in 9 of the pop- 
ulation ; in Flemingsburg in 1833, 68, or 1 
in 10 ; in Paris in 1833, 86 or 1 in 14 ; in 
Lexington in 1833, 502 or 1 in 11 ; in 
Maysville in 1832-'33-'35, 115 or 1 in 20. 

Population of Louisville, by special cen- 
sus, 19,967. 

Plan of gradual emancipation of slaves 
proposed by Rev. John C. Young, D. D., 
in a pamphlet of 64 pp. 

Railroad proposed (and several public 
meetings to forward it) from Paris to Cov- 
ington ; Maj. John S. Williams, a civil 



engineer, says a "railway might be con- 
structed from the elevation opposite Paris 
to a full view of the city of Cincinnati, 
without one perch of masonry," at a cost of 
$720,000, if over the ridge route, through 
Williamstown. 

Aug. 21 — R. Clayton makes a balloon as- 
cension from Lexington, descending 15 
miles s. E., near Combs' ferry, on the Ky. 
river ; a parachute, containing a little 
dog, was cut loose early, and descended 
near Ashland. 

Sept.— $100,000 Kentucky internal im- 
provement scrip sold to Prime, Ward & 
King, of New York, at .$3.10 premium. 

Sept. 23— Kentucky annual conference 
of the Methodist E. Church unanimously 
resolves against any interference with the 
subject of slavery, and commends the rec- 
titude, policy and operations of the Amer- 

Oct. 15 — Halley's comet visible for some 
days to the naked eye, as a star of the 5th 
magnitude. 

1836, Feb. 22— Governor's salary raised 
to $2,500, and ihe per diem of members of 
the legislature, hereafter, to $3, and mile- 
age to \2\i cents 29— Ratio of rep- 
resentation in the house, for next four 

years, fixed at 1,017 votes Tax on 

the capital stock of the Bank of Kentucky, 
Bank of Louisville, and Northern Bank of 
Kentucky, state dividends from said banks 
after paying the interest on the state bonds 
sold to pay for said stock, and all turnpike 
and river improvement dividends, sacredly 
set apart for a " Sinking Fund." Lou- 
isville, Cincinnati and Charleston (S. C.) 
railroad company chartered, with $6,000,- 
000 capital, to branch to Louisville, and to 
Covington or Newport ; and a third branch 

from Lexington to Maysville State 

appropriations made to the following riv- 
ers : Kentucky $200,000, Cumberland $40,- 
000, Green ^100,000, Licking $100,000, 
Big Sandy $25,000, Little S.andy $12,000, 
three forks of Ky. $8,000, Bayou du Chien 
$5,000, Clark's $5,000, Little Obion and 
Mayfield's creek $1,500, Little river and 
Little Barren $1,000 each, Rockcastle 
$40,000, Nolin $3,000, and Tradewater 
$2,000. 

March 16 — First railroad accident, two 
miles east of Frankfort: train leaps over 
embankment ; 3 persons killed and many 

wounded 19 — Arsenal at Frankfort 

burnt, with 4,740 stand of arms, besides 

ble for its service in the wars of the Revo- 
lution and of 1812, w.as uninjured; this 
was captured from Burgoyne at Sar- 
atoga, Sept. 19, 1777, surrendered to the 
British by Hull, Aug. 16, 1812, retaken by 
Harrison at the Thames, Oct. 5, 1813, 
presented by congress to Gov. Shelby, and 
by Gov. Shelby to the state of Kentucky. 
May 7 — The voters of the city of Lex- 
ington hold an election, under a recent 
special law, to sustain or repeal their city 
charter; it was sustained, by 379 for, to 
323 for repeal — the largest vote ever polled 



1837. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



41 



April 21—721 Te.\an troops (some of 
them Kentuckians) under Gen. Sam. Hous- 
ton, win the brillia'ntvictory of San Jacinto, 
over 1640 Mexicans under their president 
Gen. Santa Anna and Gen. Cos ; Te.\an 
loss 2 killed, six mortally and 17 slightly 
wounded ; Me.xican loss 630 killed, 280 
wounded, .and 730 prisoners including 

Santa Anna and Cos and their stnffs 

Over 600 Kentuckians, under Col. Wilson, 
Capts. Wigginton, Postlethwaite, James 
Allen and others, at different dates this 
summer, leave home to fight in the war 
for Texan independence. 

June 17— The castcrn-built steamboat 
Champion visits the Ohio river, and at- 
tracts great attention for speed and beauty. 
She is fairly distanced by the steamboat 
Paul Jones, in a trial of speed between 
Alton and St. Louis. 

July 1 — Estimated expenditures, this 
year, of the city of Louisville, $135,000 ; 
taxable property $14,000,000, on which 
60 cents on each $100 will be collected. 

The abolition press of James G. Birney, 
(late a citizen of Ky.) at New Richmond, 
Ohio, "carefully destroyed;" no other 
property about the printing office injured. 

Judge Hickey, of the Fayette circuit 
court, refuses a mandamus, prayed for by 
Milus W. Dickey, to compel the directors 
of the Maysville and Lexington turnpike 
company to permit his stages to pass over 
the road toll-free because they carry the 

July 16 — Gov. Morehead, at the request 
of President Jackson and of Maj. Gen. 
Edmund P. Gaines, issues his proclama- 
tion calling for 1,000 mounted Kentuck- 
ians, to rendezvous in Frankfort Aug. 17, 
to proceed to camp Sabine, and protect 
the southwestern frontier. Before Aug. 3, 
45 companies tender their services, but only 
10 are accepted, one each from Franklin, 
Henry, Shelby, Madison, Harrison, Old- 
ham, Gallatin, Woodford, Jefferson, and 
Fayette counties. The governor appoints 
Leslie Combs, of Fayette, colonel, Thos. 
A. Russell, of Fayette, lieutenant colonel, 
and Geo. Boswell, of Shelby, major. Be- 
fore they commence their march, orders are 
received for their discharge. 



lug. 



for 



Clark (whig) 38,587, Matthew Flournoy 
(Van Buren) 30,491— majority 8,096 ; for 
lieutenant governor Chas. A Wickliffe (w.) 
35,524, Elijah Hise (V. B.) 32,186— ma- 
jority 3,338. Clark and Wiekliffe elected. 
To the senate are elected 24 whigs and 
14 Van Buren men, and to the house of 
representatives 59 whigs and 41 Van Buren 

Sept. 5 — The corner stone of the contem- 
plated bridge across the Ohio river at Lou- 
isville, laid with imposing ceremonies ; 
AVilkins TannehiU orator of the day ; stock 

said to be all taken 14— Death of 

Aaron Burr, on Staten Island, aged 81. 

.21— Great match race at Louisville, 

for $5,000 ; the Kentucky horse, Rodolph, 
double distances the Tennessee mare, An- 
gor.a, in the first four mile heat ; time 8 



min. 66 sec. ; $15,000 offered for Rodolph, 
and refused. 

Nov. 7 — Vote for president and vioo 
president: Wm. H. Harrison and Francis 
Granger (whig) 36,955, Martin Van Buren 
and Richard M. Johnson 33,435— majority 
3,520. 

Bacon college, at Harrodsburg, estab- 
lished. 

Dr. Benj. W. Dudley, of Lexington, re- 
stores to sight a young man 21 years of 
age, blind from his birth with cataract. 

Dec. 12 — Fayette county court subscribes 
$100,000 in the chartered railroad to 
Ch.irleston. 

Dec. 15— Henry Clay re-elected U. S. 
senator for 6 years from March 4, 1837, by 
76 votes, to 54 for James Guthrie. 

1837, Jan. 21— St. Mary's college, near 
Lebanon, Marion county, incorporated. 

Cincinnati, by a vote of 1875 to 371, de- 
cides to borrow $600,000, to take stock in 
Cincinnati and Charleston railroad, Cleve- 
land railroad, and Whitewater canal. 

Feb. 16— Shelby college authorized to 
raise $100,000 by lottery 17— Nicho- 
las county authorized to spend the fund 
she may receive, under the operation of 
the act to appropriate the vac.Tnt lands, to 

pay for educating her poor children 

21— State stock in Maysville and Lexing- 
ton turnpike road company increased from 
$144,200 to $213,200, one-half the entire 

stock 23 — Act passed to equalize 

taxation The surplus U.S. revenue 

deposited with the state of Ky. is ordered 
by the legislature to be invested, upon 
conditions, $500,000 in bank of Louisville 
stock, and balance in Northern Bank and 
in bank of Kentucky slock. The profits 
from $1,000,000 of said surplus revenue 
" set apart and forever dedicated to the 
founding and sustaining a general system 

of public instruction." Act passed 

" to protect lives and property 



;ing 



Mi; 



sippi, and other rivers within the jurisdic- 
tion of Kentucky." 

Under the law of Feb. 13, raising the 
salaries of judges of the court of appeals 
to $2,000, and of circuit judges to $1500, 
when hereafter appointed, most of the 
judges resign and are re-appointed; 2 are 
rejected by the senate, and 2 are not re- 



ippo 



ited. 



Feb. 22— Convention of Kentucky edi- 
tors at Lexington. 

April 4 — Snow falls, in northern Ky., 

between one and two inches deep 8 — 

Snowing at intervals all day, 1 inch deepj 
thermometer 30° to 33°. At St. Louis, 
snow 17 inches deep. 

April 10— Mercantile failures in New 
York increased to over 100, and their ag- 
gregate amount over $60,000,000 ; tremen- 
dous money )iressure spreading over the 
country. Bank of Ky. stock, in New 
York, fiillen to $75 per share for $100 paid. 

April 29 — Transylvania medical school 
reorganized. 

Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston wounded, 
in a duel with Gen. Felix Huston, in Texas. 



4» 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



May 8 — 352 suspensions or failures, in 
New York, to date ; New York state (stock 
down to 70, and U. S. Bank stock to 96. 

May 9 and 10, all the banks of New 

York, Philadelpliia and Baltimore, except 
the U. S. Bank, suspend specie payment:^. 
That bank suspends ne.\t day. The banks 
of Pittsburg, Wheeling and Cincinnati fol- 
low suit. The city of Philadelphia orders 
the issue of $130,000 in small notes, 25 

and 50 cents, etc. ("shin plasters.") 

18— A run for specie upon the banks at 
Louisville, and $45,000 drawn out ; ne.tt 
day, the Ky. banks, (although having $1,- 
900,000 in specie, and a circulation of only 
$3,300,000,) suspend specie payment. 

May 18— Ohio river, opposite Maysville, 
rises 24 feet in 24 hours, a rapidity unpre- 
cedented. 

Daniel Webster, with his family, has a 
perfect ovation in Ky. ; public dinners 
given him at Maysville, May 18 ; at Lex- 
ington, May 24 ; at Versailles, May 26 ; at 
Louisville, May 30 ; and the people along 
the route are enthusiastic in attentions to 

May 20 — A steamboat ascends Big San- 
dy river 90 miles to Prestonsburg, Floyd 
county, with spring importations : and 
next day takes a pleasure party still farther 
up. Coal, of finest quality, discovered 
along its banks. 

May 30— Maysville city council issues 
several thousand dollars in scrip, of de- 
nomination of 6%, \2%, 25, and 50 cents, 
and $1, redeemable in bank notes when- 
ever presented to amount of $5. Other 
towns, corporations and individuals soon 
after issue similar small notes. Specie 
commands 8(@10 per cent premium. 

June — A public meeting at Louisville 
calls upon the governor to convene the leg- 
islature in extra session, to devise a rem- 
edy for the money pressure ; a great out- 
cry is raised in favor of it, but the gov- 
ernor wiselv refuses. 

July 11— Grand meteoric explosion, at 
2:45 p. M., seen and heard at Georgetown, 
Owingsvillc, Mayslick, and between Paris 
and Lexington; described as "a great 
white ball, whiter than snow, very bright, 
nearly as big as the sun, flying almost as 
swiftly as lightning from where the sun 
was shining brightly, towards the east ; 
the noise was terrible, like a heavy cannon 
at a great distance." 

July 31— Richard Clayton, the Cincin- 
nati aaronaut, ascends from Louisville at 
6:50 P.M., and at 7:35 p. ji. descends, 4 
miles south; remains all night, and after 
breakfast again ascends, is wafted back 
again over Louisville, Shippingport, the 
mouth of Salt river, Shepherdsville, and 
decends for dinner 7 miles from Bards- 
town ; again ascends, is wafted by differ- 
ent currents over several counties, with 
Bardstown, Sheoherdsville, Fairfield, Tay- 
lorsville and Blbomfleld in sight, and de- 
scends at 7 P. M. on Cox's creek, Nelson 
county, 5 miles from Bardstown, having 
traveled 100 miles. 

Aug. 9—12 whig and 1 Van Buren con- 



gressmen elected ; Richard H. Menefee 
over Richard French by 2.34 majority, and 
Wm. W. Southgatc over Jefi'erson Phelps 
by 340 majority; legislature — senate, 
whigs 24, Van Eurcn men 14; house, 
Whigs 71, Van Buren men 29. 

Aug. 25 — The U. S. secretary of war no- 
tifies Gov. Clark to take preparatory steps 
to muster into service a brigade of Ken- 
tucky volunteers for service against the In- 
dians in Florida ; but, Sept. 2, withdraws 
the order because he can get them in Lou- 
isiana, nearer the scene of action and ao- 



ited. 



Sept. 4 — Called session of Congress. 
President's message delivered Sept. 5, at 12 
M., reaches Maysville, by express mail and 
steamboat, at 3:30 A. M., Sept 8— just 63 J^ 
hours. 

Kentucky pays the interest on her in- 
ternal improvement scrip and state bonds, 
in New York, in specie. 

Dec. 21 — The "convention" question, 
which has been before the legislature at 
each session for some ten years, and always 
defeated, is at last successful ; and an act 
passes " to take the sense of the people as 
to the expediency and propriety of calling 
a convention to revise the constitution of 
this state." 

1838, Feb. 3— State agricultural society 
organized. 

Feb. 7— The town of Frankfort author- 
ized to raise by lottery $100,000, half for a 
city school, and half to bring water from 

the Cave spring into town 15 — Act 

passed to establish a system of common 

schools Resolution passed requesting 

the governor to obtain the manuscript 
journals of the Conventions of 1792 and 
1799 ; the governor, in his annual message, 
reports that he procured a printed copy of 
that of 1799, but "seriously apprehends 
that the only copies of that of 1792 then 

I the burning of the capitol." 

Feb. 22— Thermometer 6° to 15° below 

[ Feb. 24 — Wm. J. Graves, from the Lou- 
isville district, kills Jonathan Cilley, of 
I Maine, at the third fire, in a duel in Ma- 
ryland, near Washington city; they fight 
with rifles, 80 yards distance ; parties both 
representatives in Congress; Henry A. 
Wise the second of Graves, and Gen. Geo. 
W. Jones of Cilley. 

Feb. 28— Rev. Jos. J. Bullock appoint- 
ed, by the governor and senate, first su- 
perintendent of public instruction. 

April 25— Explosion of the new steam- 
boat Moselle, in the Ohio river, opposite 
the upper part of Cincinnati ; the four 
boilers burst simultaneously, with an effect 
like a mine of gunpowder; a pilot, with 
the pilot house, is blown to the Ky. shore, 
a quarter of a mile distant ; of 280 persons 
believed to be on board, 81 were known to 
be killed, 55 missing, 13 badly wounded. 

May 3 — 40 houses burned at Paducah. 

May 25 — $1,250,000 Kentucky state 
bonds negotiated in New York, on very fa- 
vorable terms. 



1839. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



June 5— Remarkable hailstorm in Fay- 
ette county, 3 miles from Lexington, be- 
tween the Tate's creek and Richmond 
roads ; in one deposit it was more than 
two feet deep,' and, 35 hours later, one 
foot deep ; the crops were ruined, for three 
miles in width. 

Aug. 8 — To the senate are elected 22 
Whigs and 16 Van Buren-men ; to the 
house of representatives 68 whigs and 32 
Van Buren-men. In favor of a conven- 
tion to revise the constitution, only 28,- 
170 votes are east, out of 104,622 voters in 
the state — less than 27 percent, (whereas 
over 50 per cent are required for success ;) 
in Owen county, 12 per cent of the voters 
vote for a convention, in Bullitt 4 per 
cent, in Fayette IM, in Scott 2K, in War- 
ren 42, in Pulaski 64, in Marion 8, in 
Union 60, in Mason 8, in Campbell 50, in 
Clark 10, in Nelson 2% percent, in Trim- 
ble not a vote. 

Aug. 13 — Kentucky banks resume spe- 
cie payments. 

Aug. 14 — George D, Prentice, editor of 
the Louisville Journal, and Maj. Thos, 
P. Moore, exchange pistol shots at each 
other, at the Harrodsburg springs ; neither 
party injured. 

Aug. 27 — Great railroad festival at Lex- 
ington in honor of the Charleston, Louis- 
ville and Cincinnati rail road ; speeches 
by Gen. Robert Y. Hayne, of South Caro- 
lina, Judge Reese, of Tennessee, and oth- 
ers ; Henry Clay, John J. Crittenden, 
Richard M. Johnson, Chas. A. Wiekliffe, 
Thomas Metcalfe, and many other distin- 
guished citizens present. 

Sept. 18 — Annular eclipse of the sun ; 
beginning at Covington, at 2:26, and end- 
ing 5:08 p. M. — the last central eclipse of 
the sun visible in Kentucky until May 26, 
1854. From the beginning of the eclipse 
to the moment of greatest observation, the 
thermometer hanging exposed to the sun 
fell 25 degrees, and in the shade 12^ de- 
grees. Through the telescope, a great 
number of spots were observed upon the 



Oct. 






from fev 



s, alo 



eral and fatal than 






for forty 



Rev. John B. Mahan, a citizen of Ohio, 
indicted in Mason county, Ky., for kid- 
napping slaves, is delivered up by Gov. 
Vance, of Ohio, for trial in Kv., in com- 
pliance with a requisition of Gov. Clark. 
Nov. 19, (although it was proved that 15 
slaves had passed through his hands on 
their way from Kentucky to Canada,) he 
is acquitted, on the ground that the of- 
fense occurred in Ohio, and the court had 

mitted in Mason county. 

Oct. 11 — Interest in fine stock increas- 
ing. First agricultural fair of Mason 
county at Washington. 

Nov. 13 — Termination of the lowest 
stage of water ever known in the Ohio 
river ; 25 steamboats reach Maysville in 
24 hours from 6 A. M. Except' for a few 



days, steamboat navigation had been en- 
tirely suspended for nearly three months ; 
and the only navigation was by a few very 
light keels pushed by ,poles or drawn by 
horses ; even this, at times, was impos- 



19—15 men drowned at Da 



No 



Dec. 23- 
'eeks. 



frozen over, for two 



Dec. 29— Duel at Vicksburg, ] 
tween Alex K. McClung and John Mene- 
fee (both Kentuckians) with rifles, at 30 

1839, Jan. 5— James T. Morehead and 
John Speed Smith appointed, by the legis- 
lature, commissioners to visit the Ohio leg- 
islature, to solicit the passage of acts to 
prevent evil disposed persons in that state 
from enticing away, or assisting in the es- 
cape of, slaves from Ky., and to provide 
more efficient means for recapturing fugi- 
tive slaves by their masters or agents 

21 — The " Louisville Legion," of dragoons, 
artillery, infantry and riflemen, author- 
ized Original manuscript of each 

governor's message ordered to be pre- 
served among the state papers 30 — 

Lien on steamboats allowed, for wages, 
meehanicb' work, and supplies. 

Jan. 3.--W. W. Mather, of Ohio, makes 
a report to the legislature of his geological 
reconnoissance of Kentucky just com- 
pleted. 

County court of Lewis county, under 
the statutory authority to fix the rate 
of charges at taverns for meals, lodg- 
ing, liquor, and stable fare, fixes a tariff 
of charges, and prohibits the sale of 
whisky by groggeries at a greater price than 
two cents for a half pint, under certain pen- 
alties ; brandies and other liquors in propor- 
tion. Many men abandon the business as 
unprofitable — "the consummation devoutly 
wished " and intended. 

Jan. 11 and 12— Great debate in the 
house of representatives, on the bill to 
charter a branch of the South-western rail 
road hank — Simeon H. Anderson, of Gar- 
rard, in favor, John A. McClung, of Mason, 
and Thos. F. Marshall, of AVoodford, 
against. Col. C. G. Memminger, special 
commissioner of South Carolina, was heard 
by both houses, in the representative-hall, 
in an exceedingly able, ingenious and elo- 
quent speech. MeClung's efibrtwas states- 
manlike, masterly and thrilling, and Mar- 
shall's scarcely less so ; the whole debate 
was one of the most remarkable in the his- 
tory of Kentucky. Feb. 23, the bill passed 
the senate, by 19 to 18, and was rejected 
in the house a third time, by the close vote 
of 49 to 48. 

Jan. 23— The citizens of Frankfort give 
a public dinner to Col. Memminger, as a 
mark of respect and regard to South Car- 
olina and to him as ** her honored and en- 
lightened organ." He was similarly com- 
plimented by the citizens of Lexington 
and of Richmond. 

4,039 horses and 3,177 mules, valued at 
$577,280 ; 4,549 beef cattle at $227,450 ; 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



68,764 hogs at $962,696 ; and 3,250 sheep 
at $13,000, passed Cumberland Ford, dur- 
ing 18.38, bound for a southern market. 

Feb. 9 — Congress unanimously author- 
izes the president to present to James Rum- 
sey, Jr., the son and only child of James 
Rurasey, deceased, a gold medal commem- 
orative of his father's services and high 
agency in giving to the world the benefits 
of the steamboat. 

Feb. 8 — The legislature passes an act 
prohibiting the issue or circulation of small 
notes or checks by any county, city, town, 

or corporation Citizens of Paducah 

authorized to raise, by lottery, $100,000 to 
build two seminaries, and furnish a library 

andschool apparatus for each Joseph 

R. Underwood authorized to permanently 
loan to the town of Bowling Green the 
" Robert Craddock fund," the town to pay 
6 percent interest thereon forever; and 
may build two school houses with the fund, 
etc 20— Southern bank of Ky. incor- 
porated, capital $2,000,000, of which the 
state to take $1,000,000 ; principal bank 
and four branches south of Green river, 

and two branches north of it 22— 

$92.3,000 appropriated to internal improve- 
ments 23— Interest upon the common 

school fund, not used for the current ex- 
penses of the system, to be invested in 

state bonds or bank stocks ConimoH 

school law amended ; one amendment ex- 
empts from taxation for common school 

purposes the property of free negroes 

Resolutions passed complimentary to the 
state of Indiana, because of resolutions of 
her legislature condemning "interference 
in the domestic institutions of the slave- 
holding states, either by congress or the 
state legislatures, as contrary to the com- 
pact by which those states became mem- 
bers of the Union, highly reprehensible, 
unpatriotic, and injurious to the peace and 
stability of the Union." 

Feb. 23— Rev. Hubbard H. Kavanaugh 
appointed superintendent of public instruc- 
tion. 

March 2 — James T. Morehead and John 
Speed Smith, the commissioners to the 
Ohio legislature, return to Frankfort, hav- 
ing fully accomplished their mission ; they 
were treated with great courtesy and re- 
spect. Ohio passed a law (by a vote of 23 
to 11 in the senate, and 53 to 15 in the 
house) to punish the abduction, or aiding 
in the abduction or escape, of slaves, by 
fine not exceeding $500, or imprisonment 
not exceeding 60 days, and also be liable 
for all damages to the party aggrieved ; 
and one of her courts enforced its execution, 
sometime in 1839, by the conviction and 
punishment of Rev. John B. Mahan. 

Judge Wilkerson and Mr. Murdaugh. 
of Mississippi, by a change of venue, are 
tried at Harrodsburg, for their participa- 
tion in the bloody affair at the G.-ilt House 
in Louisville, last year, and acquitted ; 
Hon. Sergeant S. Prentiss, of Mississippi, 
defends them, in a speech of great power 
and eloquence. 

March 29— Public dinner at Maysville 



to Adam Beatty, senator, and John A. 
McClung and James W. AVaddell, repre- 
sentatives from Mason county in the last 
Ky. legislature, in compliment to their ef- 
forts in defeating the Southwestern railroad 
bank bill ; Thos. F. Marshall, of Wood- 
ford, and James Guthrie, Percival Butler, 
and Wm. H. Field, uf Louisville, specially 
invited as guests of the city of Maysville. 

June— Col. Blanding, president of thfl 
Charleston railroad bank, says all idea of 
pushing the Cincinnati and Charleston 
railroad further than Columbia, is aban- 
doned. 

Aug. 27- Death of James Clark, gov- 
ernor of Ky. Sept. 5, Lieut. -gov. Chas. 
A. Wickliffe takes the oath as governor. 

Sept. 5 — Shock of an earthquake in 
northern Ky., preceded by a rumbling 

Sept. 30— Great four-mile race at Louis- 
ville, purse $14,000 ; Wagner beats Grey 
Eagle, in the last heat only 10 inches ; 
time 7:48, 7:44. On Saturday Oct. 5, for 
jockey club purse $1500, Grey Eagle beat 
Viley's mare in 7:51, Wagner just running 
to save his distance; 2d heat, Wagner 
beat Grey Eagle by 12 inches, in extraor- 
dinary time of 7:43 ; 3d heat. Grey Eagle 
let down, lamed, in the second mile. 

Oct. 3— Total amount of Kentucky state 
bonds issued, $4,635,000 ; of which $2,000,- 
000 to Ky. banks in payment of bank stock 
subscribed and owned by the state, $850,- 
000 to common schools (a debt to herself), 
and $1,765,000 for internal improvements. 

Oct 11 — Suspension of specie payments 
by the banks of Philadelphia and Balti- 
more, and, in a few days, by those in Vir- 
ginia, Cincinnati (except the Commercial 
bank), several in Ohio, and New Orleans. 
In New York, during the month, mer- 
chants pay 3 to 5 per cent interest per 
month, on 4 mo. paper, to sustain their 
credit. Kentucky bank stocks fell to 71. 
Specie, 8@11 per cent premium. Silver 
small change plenty, because dimes and 
half dimes readily ptiss for 12}4 aid 6}4 
cents. 

Oct. 16 — The Kentucky banks, because 
of the systematic run upon them to help 
meet the drain to Europe, deem it prudent 
to suspend specie payments-; when they 
had on hand $1,158,351. Dec. 31, they had 
in gold and silver $1,108,047, and their 
circulation was $3,940,333 ; a decrease, in 
one year, of $505,336 specie, and $1,477,- 



Nov. 18— Ohic 
past, lower than 



cept dur- 



Dec. 6 — In the whig national convention 
at Harrisburg, Pa., General Wm. Henry 
Harrison is nominated for president, re- 
ceiving 148 votes, Henry Clay 90, and Gen. 
Winfield Scott 16. 

Dec. 9— W. C. Allen, a young Kentucky 
artist, presents to the state a full length 
portrait of Daniel Boone, which is hung 
in the hall of the house of representatives. 

Dec. 11— The first iron steamct on the 
western waters, Valley Forge, built at 



■^' 



U^ 



1841. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



45 



Pittsburgh, passes down the Ohio for New 
Orleans. 

Dee. 16— Banlc of Kentucky stock which 
sold previously at $70, falls to $56 in New 
York; owing to the Schuylkill bank, Phil- 
adelphia, issuing $1,299,700 of unauthor- 
ized and fraudulent stock. 

1840, Jan. 17— The Louisville college 

chartered 2.3 — Marshall college, at 

Hopkinsville, chartered 29— Kenton 

county, opposite Cincinnati, established, 
"in honor of Simon Kenton." 

Feb. 5— Western Baptist theological in- 
stitute at Covington incorporated 12 

—Charter of the Southern Bank of Ken- 
tucky amended, reducing the amount of 
stock to be subscribed and paid in before 

commencing business 19^ Ratio of 

representation in the house of representa- 
tives for the next four years fixed at 1,085 
voters 21- — As the state is the guar- 
antor for the Lexington and Ohio railroad 
company, the treasurer is authorized, on 
the request of the governor, to pay the in- 
terest or principal of debts when the com- 
pany is in default. 

Feb. 13 — Kentucky Yeoman newspaper 
established ,at Frankfort. 

May 5 — Ohio river higher than at any 
period since 1832. 

May 7 — A small steamboat upset in 
Green river, and 9 persons drowned. 

May 24 and 25— Celebration of the first 
settlement of Kentucky at Boonsborough, 
Madison county ; 7,000 to 10,000 people, 
of whom 3,000 were ladies, present ; 11 
military companies, reviewed by Gov. 
Wickliffe ; Mrs. French, a daughter of Col. 
Richard Callow,ay, and her female servant, 
who were in the Fort during the siege in 
1777, John Hart, who was acquainted with 
them both in the Fort, and some other pio- 
neers present, received marked attention. 
Just as Rev. Lewis W. Green, D. D., was 
commencing the first anniversary sermon, 
the rain poured down in torrents, so con- 
tinuing for two days and a half, causing 
great personal suflFering and great danger 
to life by the freshet which followed. On 
Mond.ay, 25th, Ex-Gov. James T. More- 
head delivered the anniversary address. 

June— The U. S. census shows the total 
population of Kentucky 779,828; whites 
690,253 ; free colored 7,317, and slaves 
182,258 ; ratio of total increase since 1830, 
1314, and of slave increase 10^ per cent. 

Aug. 5 — Vote for governor : Robert P. 
Letcher (whig) 55,370, Richard French 
(democrat) 39,650- majority 15,720 ; for 
lieutenant-governor, Manlius V. Thomson 
(w.) 52,952, John B. Helm (dem.) 36,199 
—majority 16,752. 

Aug. 19— Legislature convened in extra 
session for two days ; law re-enacted for 
the election of presidential electors on the 
first Monday in November. 

Oct. 12— Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, 
D. D., (now of Baltimore,) speaks at the 
courthouse in Lexington in defense of him- 
self, " from the accusations of Robert 
Wicklifi-e, Sen., Esq.," last August, in the 
same place. 



Great political excitement during the 
current political campaign ; large and fre- 
quent meetings of the people, from 1,000 
to 12,000 in number. 

Nov. 4 — Vote for president and vice- 
president : Wm. Henry Harrison and John 
Tyler 68,489, Martin Van Buren and 
Richard M. Johnson 32,616— majority 25,- 
873. ' The vote in Owen county was 454 for 
Harrison, 541 for Van Buren. 

Nov. 16-20— Gen, H.irrison, president 
elect, visits Louisville, Frankfort, Lexing- 
ton and Shelbyville, on private business, 
and receives an enthusiastic welcome. He 
declined all public honors. In Frankfort 
he visited Mrs. Sharp, in whose parlor ho 
remarked, in reply to a compliment from 
some distinguished gentlemen, that ** in 
this very house (then the governor's), and 
in this very room, he had been adopted by 
the state of Kentucky, and received the 
commission of major-general to command 
her brave troops in the Northwestern 
Army in the war of 1812. It giive him 
unalloyed pleasure and great gratification 
to know that the confidence then so gen- 
erously reposed in him remained un- 
shaken." [His majority in Kentucky for 
president was larger than in any other 
state.] 

Dec. 1 — M. R. Stealey, resident engineer 
of the Kentucky river improvements, in 
his report states " that in nearly all of the 
excavations, in building five locks and 
dams, detached teeth and bones of the 
mammoth were found, in a state of excel- 
lent preservation ; at depths generally of 50 
feet below the surface of the ground, and at 
distances of 100 to 160 feet from the margin 
of the river." 

Deo. 4 .and 5— Snow falls over northern 
Kentucky to the depth of 12 to 15 inches. 

Dec. 16— John J. Crittenden re-elected 
U. S. senator for 6 years from March 4, 
1841, receiving 100 votes, to 29 for James 
Guthrie. 

1841, Jan. 2— Ohio river frozen over for 
5 days. 

A published communication from Bishop 
B. B. Smith, superintendent of public in- 
struction, gives the following facts, as of 
diite June 1, 1840: 

Persons above 20 years old unable to 
read : In FInyd county 673, Clay 671, 
Knox 512, Ohio 556, Pike 862, Barren 1,- 
190, Mercer 747 : total in these 7 counties 
5,201, and in the state 42,000. 

In Floyd county, of 2,055 children of 
school age (between 5 and 15) none were 
at school; in Clay, of 1,180 none; in 
Knox, of 2,566, 46 ; in Ohio, 26 out of 1,- 
714 ; in Pike, 25 out of 1,066 ; in Barren, 
859 out of 3,829 ; in Mercer, 1,191 out of 
3,646 ; in the whole state, 32,920 out of 
170,000. 

It costs Kentucky $181,000 more per an- 
num to educate those 32,920, than it ought 
to cost, iit the rate paid in New York 
($1.25 per scholar) to educate the whole 
170,000. The average cost in Kentucky 
is $12 per scholar. 

Jan. 21— The legislature directs one 



46 



ANXALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1841. 



copy each of the journals of that body, and 
of all books published by the state, to be 
deposited with the Kentucky Historical 
society, " to be accessible to the examina- 
tion of any citizen." 

By experiments at the navy yard at 
Boston, Kentucky water-rotted hemp 
proves stronger than either Riga Rein or 
Russia hemp. 

Feb. 15— The legislature changes the 
time of its annual meeting to the laet day 

of December 17— Rate of taxation 

raised to 15 cents on the $100 of taxable 
property, of which five cents to increase 
the resources of the sinking fund to pay off 
the public debt 18— §618,000 appro- 
priated to internal improvements Ad- 
ditional buildings or room ordered, for the 
Auditor's office. 

Feb. 18— After three davs voting, on 
the 21st vote James T. .Morehead is elected 
U. S. senator, in place of John J. Critten- 
den who declines, to become attorney gen- 
eral in President Harrison's cabinet: 
Morehead 72, Jos. R. Underwood 61. The 
following distinguished citizens received 
votes as follows, at some stage of the vot- 
ing : Thos. Metcalfe 24, John Calhoon 
48, Wm. Owsley 20, Chas. A. Wickliffe 20, 
Richard A. Buckner41, Richard H. Men- 
efee 32, Christopher Tompkins 3. 

Feb. 20— Death of Richard H. Menefee, | 
of bronchitis, aged 31. 

March 9 — Concerted attack upon Henry 
Clay, in a debate in the U. S. senate, by 
senators Smith of Conn., Walker of Miss., 
and King of Ala. That of the latter was 
so personal, that in a few words of reply 
Mr. Clay denounced "his assault on him 
as discourteous, unparliamentary, rude and 
cowardly." Mr. King, saying he had " no 
reply to make here,'* sat down and com- 
menced writing, as was supposed, a chal- 
lenge to a duel. The Mayor of Washing- 
ton had them both immediately arrested, 
and bound over in the penalty of $5,000 
to keep the peace toward each other. No 
challenge passed. 

April 4 — Death of President Harrison. 
April 28 — Special election for congress- 
men in Ky., because of the called session 
of congress next month. 

Jlay 14^Day of national humiliation, 
fasting and prayer, because of the death 
of President Harrison. 

May 15— Duel, near Louisville, between 
Cassius M. Clay and Robert Wickliffe, Jr., 
both of Fayette county, with pistols at 30 
feet ; no blood shed. 

May 16 — Steamboat Edward Shippen 
arrives at Louisville from New Or- 
leans in 5 days 14 hours, making 22 stop- 
pages. 

May 20— Wm. Greathouse obtains a ver- 
dict, in the Mason circuit court, against 
Rev. John B. Mahnn, of Brown county, 
Ohio, for $1,600, the value of two slaves 
whom (as was in proof before the jury) Ma- 
han aided and assisted in making their 
escape to Canada, in 1836. 

June 13— First rain to-day, in northern 
Kentucky, for six weeks ; severe drouth I 



.ind great heat; thermometer 96° to 103" 
in the shade. 

June 16 and 17 — 66th anniversary of 
the settlement of Kentucky celebrated at 
Harrodsburg ; from 7,000 to 10,000 persons, 
1,500 of them ladies, present ; 10 military 
companies, about 400 men, in elegant uni- 
form, in camp ; sermon by Rev. Joseph 
C. Stiles, and address by Benjamin Hardin. 
June 25 — Great hail storm in central 
Kentucky, remarkable for its direction and 
extent, passing from south to north and 
from two to five miles wide ; hemp de- 
stroyed, other crops greatly damaged. 
July 1 to 4 — Brilliant military encamp- 
[ ment at O.ikland, near Louisville; 20 com- 
panies from Cincinnati, Columbus and 
Dayton, Ohio, and various points in Ken- 
tucky. 

July 10 — "Lynch law" at Williams- 
town, Grant county ; Smith Maythe (who 
I had been a convict in the Ohio and Ken- 
tucky penitentiaries) and Lyman Crouch 
! (recently an under-jailer at Cincinnati) 
i rob and murder (as they supposed) Wm. S. 
Utterback, of Bourbon county, by cutting 
his throat, on the highway ; Utterback 
ultimately recovered, but was rendered 
speechless for life ; 350 men from Bourbon 
and Harrison, fearful the villains would 
escape justice, broke open the jail, took 
them to the spot where the crime was com- 
mitted, and hung and buried them there ; 
the gallows was left standing for some 25 
years, when it rotted down. The leaders 
of the mob were subsequently indicted for 
murder. 

Aug. 7 — Cornelius Burnett indicted and 
fined $100, at Cincinnati, for resisting the 
officers in the recapture of a fugitive slave 
from Kentucky. 

Aug. 31 to Sept. 4— Great mob at Cin- 
cinnati : severe fighting between whites 
and negroes, m.any wounded and some re- 
ported killed ; houses and a church occu- 
pied by negroes destroyed ; press and ma- 
terials of the abolition newspaper, the 
Philanthropist, broken up or thrown into 

Sept. 8 — African church at Maysville 
pulled down by a mob. 

Sept. II — John J. Crittenden resigns 
his seat as attorney general, and Chas. A. 
Wickliffe accepts that of postmaster gen- 
eral, in President Tvler's cabinet. 

Oct. 7— The citizens of Maysville tender 
to John J. Crittenden the compliment of a 
public dinner, and the citizens of Wood- 
ford county make him a present, at a cost 
of $17,000, of the farm in that county on 
which he was born. 

Oct. 12-r Arrest of Col. Monroe Edwards, 
the " great forger," in Philadelphia ; $44,- 
000 found in his trunk ; his forgeries at 
Louisville, Cincinnati, New York, and 
elsewhere, successful, on a stupendous 
scale; he is a native of Russellville, Ky., 
but had lived mostly in Mississipjti or 
Texas ; he is transferred to New York for 



1842. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



47 



Dec. 3— Vicliars and Brown, reformed 
drunkards — the former one of the original 
si.t who initiated the movement at Balti- 
more — enter Kentucky at Maysville, in 
the interest of the Washingtonian temper- 
ance or total-abstinence movement. In- 
tense interest wherever they speak, whole 
communities signing the pledge, liquor- 
sellers closing their shops, and they and 
their best customers alike reforming. 

1842, Jan. 10— Beautiful raw silk pro- 
duced in Somerset, Ky. ; increasing in- 
terest felt in the growth of silk. 

Jan 11 — P 
new census, 2, 

Jan. 12 — Lexington and Ohio railroad 
sold at auction, at Frankfort, to pay to 
the state the sum of $150,000 and interest, 
which as surety she had to assume ; pur- 
chased by the state. 

Jan 14 — Legislature unanimoushj passes 
strong anti-state-repudiation resolutions. 
The first one declares it " the high and 
sacred duty of a sovereign state to observe 
the obligations of good faith in all her en- 
gagements, not only with her own citizens, 
but equally and alike with those of other 
states and countries." 

Jan. 21— Charter of the Louisville and 
Portland canal company amended so as to 
provide for the selling of individual stock 
to the state, or to the city of Louisville, or 
to the United States, with a view eventu- 
ally to make the canal free of tolls ; or the 
net income may be used to buy in the stock 
for said purpose 31 — Louisville au- 
thorized to erect water works, and for that 
purpose to borrow $200,000 at 8 per cent. 

Feb. 5— Kentucky Institution for the 
education of the blind established at Lou- 



tile Library association at Louisville char- 
tered 15 — Boyle county established, 

after 40 years persistent application, by u 
vote of 18 to 17 in the senate, and 48 to 
44 in the house 19— Henderson col- 
lege incorporated 22 — Act passed al- 
lowing the bank of Kentucky to set apart 
all undivided earnings and profits on hand, 
and all hereafter made in excess of 5 per 
cent dividends, and all sums recovered 
from the Schuylkill bank, as a fund to 
cover losses by the fraudulent over-issue of 
stock by said bank when agent of the bank 
ofKy. 

Feb. 2.3 — Henry Clay, desiring to retire 
to private life, resigns as U. S. Senator, to 
take effect March 31, 1842. John J. Crit- 
tcn elected his successor, without opposi- 
tion ; receiving 29 votes in the senate and 
91 in the house. 

March 1 — Common school law amended. 

3— Governor authorized to exchange 

30-year state bonds for the 6-year bonds. 

$420,000 appropriated to internal 

improvements, to pay for work already 
done, and complete existing contracts. 

March 1 — B. B. Sayre appointed super- 
intendent of public instruction, to succeed 
Bishop B. B. Smith ; but shortly declines. 

March 22 — Lexington and Ohio railroad, 



now owned by the state, leased to Philip 
Swigert an^ Wm. R. MeKee. 

April 1 — Washingtonian temperance 
revolution rapidly extending. Over 30,- 
000 persons have signed the pledge in four 
months. 

April 6 — Charles Dickens visits the west, 
and spends a few hours in Kentucky. 

April 26— Rev. Robert Davidson, D. D., 
late president of Transylvania university, 
appointed superintendent of public instruc- 
tion, but declines May 15. 

June 1 — Kentucky banks resume specie 
payments. 

June 9— Public dinner or festiv^, at 
Lexington, in honor of Henry Clay ; 10,- 
000 to 12,000 people present. 

July 2— Duel, in the state of Delaware, 
between Thos. F. Marshall, member of 
congress from the Lexington (Ky.) dis- 
trict, and Col. James Watson Webb, editor 
of the New York Courier and Enquirer. 
Marshall challenged ; and on the second 
exchange of shots, wounded Col. W. in 
the left leg, below the knee. 

Aug. 8— To the state seniite 27 whigs, 
11 democrats are elected, and to the house 
of representatives 56 whigs and 44 demo- 
Sept. 26— Leonard Bliss, Jr., shot in 
Louisville, and mortally wounded, by God- 
frey Pope, editor of the Louisville Sun. 

Sept. 29— Great barbecue at Dayton, 
Ohio, given by the Whigs of Ohio to the 
Whigs of Kentucky as the Whig banner 
state at the presidential election in 1840 ; 
over 100,000 people present; speeches by 
Henry Clay, John J. Crittenden, Thos. 
Metcalfe, Wm. W. Southgate, Landaff W. 
Andrews, and Cassius M. Clay, from Ky. 

Oct. 18— The synod of Kentucky (Pres- 
byterian), by a vote of 62 to 8, adopts res- 
olutions to the effect that the Bible fixes 
no rate of interest, but denounces all op- 
pression and extortion ; and as the law of 
Kentucky establishes 6 per cent, declares 
obedience to the laws a high christian 
duty, and exhorts church members not to 
require or receive more than the rate of in- 

Nov. — Isaac Cunningham, of Clark 
county, raises a large field of corn which 
averaged 140 bushels to the acre, the sea- 
son being favorable. But in 1840, Gen. 
James Shelby, of Fayette, received from 
an agricultural society a premium for 5 
acres of corn which yielded 550 bushels, or 
110 bushels per acre. The same year, Wm. 
R. Duncan, of Clark county, raised 120 
bushels on one acre. Geo. W. Williams, 
of Bourbon, raised 178 bushels from l>g 
acres, or 158 2-9 bushels per acre. And 
Walter C. Young, of Jessamine county, 
raised a field of corn, of which two acres, 
when measured off, gathered and shelled 
by gentlemen of the Jessamine agri- 
cultural society, yielded 195 and 198J4 
bushels respectively. The season was re- 
markably favorable for corn, and these 
fields received special cultivation and at- 
tention. 

Nov.— Friends of Daniel Webster hav- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1843. 



ing denied it, the fact is noiv brought out 
that Mr. Webster owed his position as sec- 
retary of state in Gen. Harrison's cabinet 
entirely to the active and strong recum- 
mendation of Mr. AVebster by Henry Clay 
—to whom Gen. Harrison, through others 
and in person, tendered any position in 
the cabinet which he would accept ; saying 
that he should not invite Mr. Webster into 
his cabinet at all. Mr. CLay declined the 
offer ; and urged upon Gen. Harrison the 
special propriety of making such an offer 
to Mr. Webster, and that he (Clay) was 
sincerely desirous he should do it. To 
Mr. Way's positive influence, Mr. Webster 
was indebted for his seat in the cabinet. 
[This was made public in consequence of a 
"private and confidential" letter written 
by Mr. AVebster, Aug, 22, 1842, to John 
P. Healy, of Boston, advising tlie whigs 
of Massachusetts against committing the 
state to any body for ne.xt president, and 



saying tha 


a 


lomination o 


f S 


r. Clay 


now '• wouK 


be 


sure to give 


the 


state to 


the Loeofoc 


'■"] 








Dec. 17- 


Rem 


p grown in 


Ma 


son and 


Flemingcou 




in 1841, 3,000 




s, which 


sold for abo 


t $240,000; ofthi 


s 1, 


200 tons 


were manu 


ractu 


ed into bagg 


ing 


or bale 


rope in Mas 




inty. and the 


rest 


shipped 



toother points; 100 tons were water-rotted 
in 1842. 

1843, Jan. 4— Shock of earthquake, at 
9:05 p. M., all over Kentucky ; it lasted 30 
seconds. 

Jan. 7 — John J. Crittenden re-elected 
U. S. senator for si.x years : Crittenden 88, 
Richard M. Johnson 43. 

Death of Christopher Fort, in Lewis 
county, aged 109 ; he was at the battle of 
Fort Duquesne, or Braddoek's defeat, when 
21 years old, and was among the first set- 
tlers of Ky. ; he never took any medicine, 
and never had the attendance of a physi- 
cian — giving as his reason, that God who 
made him sick could make him well ; he 
had been a member of the Baptist church 
for many years ; he was 99 years old when 
he married his last wife; he died as one 
falls asleep, without a groan and without 

Jan. 23 — Act passed m.aking instru- 
ments of writing hereafter as cfi'ectual, and 
of the same dignity, without a scroll or 

Feb. 9— Bill to remove the capitol to 
Louisville defeated, by 14 to 23 in the sen- 
ate, and 30 to 60 in the house. 

March 11 — Legislature adjourns to-day, 
having steadily voted down the principal 
temporarj' measures for relief from the 
heavy pressure of debt and hard times — a 
commonwealth's bank or safety fund bank 
bill, a property-valuation bill, etc. [Ken- 
tucky bonds, consequently, sold in New 
York for M@Sil4, while Ohio bonds sold 
at 70@71, because of the temporizing pol- 
icy of that state.] 8— The charters of 

the banks of Ky. amended, requiring them 
to extend their loans to a limited extent, 
the bank of Louisville to establish a branch 
at Paducah and another at [Flemings- 



burg], and authorizing the Northern bank 

to establish an additional branch 10 

— Common school law amended ; salai-y of 
superintendent of public instruction re- 
duced, from $1,000 to $750 Several 

laws passed to increase the resources of 

the sinking fund Salaries of all state 

officers and judges reduced, except that of 

governor 11— $140,000 appropriated 

lo pay contractors on the public works for 
work already done. 

M.areh 20 — A strange comet has been 
visible, in clear weather, for two weeks, as 
large in appearance as the planet Jupiter 
1 when nearest the earth, and with a nebu- 
lous trail, 75° to 80° in area. 
t March 21 — George Robertson resigns 
the office of chief justice of Ky. 

March 23— Remarkable weather; ther- 
mometer in northern Ky. falls to 8° above 
[ zero ; large quantities of ice floating in 
the Ohio river for several days. 

April 11 — Ephraim M. Ewing appointed 
chief justice, and Daniel Breck a judge, of 
the court of appeals. 

May 28 — Desolating whirlwind passes 
over parts of Franklin, Scott, Fayette, and 
1 Bath counties, its track about 40 miles 
j long and 4 miles wide, over which many 
houses, and nearly all the trees and fenc- 
I ing were torn down, and a large number 
of horses, cattle, and other stock killed. 
At Jlount Zoar meeting house, 4 miles 
from Lexington, on the Russell's road, 
while the congregation (Sunday afternoon) 
were at worship, the house was unroofed 
! and three of the walls leveled with the 
j ground, but not a human being received 
I injury. Several persons nef.r Owingsville 
I were injured. After the whirlwind passed, 
I the rain and hail did immense damage to 
! the growing crops. 

June 21— Kentucky 6 per cent bonds 
! sell in New York at 98, Ohio bonds at 88 
@88'xi, Illinois and Indiana bonds at 32 J^ 

I June 25 — Tusk and two grinders of an 
extinct animal, found in excavating around 
the Lower Blue Lick springs ; the tusk 6 
feet 214 inches long, 21 inches in circum- 
ference at the large end, weight 94 pounds, ' 
had been broken off and not all recovered ; 
grinders 6 and 8 inches broad, decayed as : 
far as the enamel, weight 6 and 8 pounds. 

July 1 to 5 — Grand military encamp- '!■ 
ment in Franklin county, styled Camp ' 
Madison ; Humphrey Marshall commands; 
12 companies present ; oration on the set- 
tlement of Kentucky by ex-chief justice j 
George Robertson ; 10,000 people present. 
July 12 — Wharton Jones, of Ky., ob- 
tains judgment before judge McLean and 
a jury, in the U. S. court at Cincinnati, 
against John Van Zandt, of Warren coun- 
ty, Ohio, for $1,200 damages — for assist- 
ance rendered by defendant in the escape 



of hi: 



sla 



curred in recovering 8 others, which de- 
fendant, only 24 hours after their escape, 
was caught in the act of conveying north- 
ward in a wagon ; Wm. W. Southgate, of 
Covington, and Chas. Fox, of Cii ' 






.'^./ 



Ax 



1844. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



attorneys for plaintiff, and Thos. Morris, 
late U. S. senator, and Salmon P. Chase, 
attorneys for defendant. Another action, 
tried a few days after, under the penal 
statute, resulted in a verdict against Van 
Zandtof$500. 

Aug. 1 — In a personal difficulty, aris- 
ing from iSam. M. Brown disputing a state- 
ment of Cassius M. Clay while the latter 
was speaking, at Russell's, in Fayet 
county, Brown fired at Clay with a pislo 
the ball striking just under the fifth ril 
when Clay advanced on him with a Bow 
knife, and cut and gashed his eye, ea 
nose, and head horribly : Clay's life w! 
saved by the ball striking the scabbard of 
his knife ; Brown recovered. 

On the same day, on board the steamboat 
Georgi.-i, on her trip from Old Point Com- 
fort, Va., to Baltimore, a young man 
named J. McLean Gardner attempts to as- 
sassinate the U. S. postmaster general, 
Chas. A. Wickliffe, of Ky., by striking him 
twice in the breast with a clasp knife. The 
young man was found to be insane, and 
sent to an asylum. 

Aug. 9 — 5 whigs and 5 democrats elect- 
ed to congress ; 26 whigs and 12 democrats 
to the state senate, and 62 whigs and 38 
democrats to the house of representatives. 

Sept. 28— Geo. W. Williams, of Bourbon 
county, raises on one acre, carefully culti- 
vated but in an unfavorable season, 127 
bushels, 6 gallons, 1 quart, and IJj pints 
of corn : in a field of oats, much blown 
down by the wind and injured by blight, 
one acre yields 49 bushels. 

Nov. 14 — E.\-president .lohn Quincy 
Adams visits Maysville, and is escorted 
with great enthusiasm to the Presbyterian 
church, where Gen. Richard Collins, in 
his address of welcome, declares that Mr. 
Adams *' had placed Kentucky under deep 
and lasting obligations for his noble de- 
fense of her great statesman (Henry Clay ), 
in his letter to the whigs of New Jersey ;" 
to which Mr. Adams replied : 

" I thank you, sir, for the opportunity 
you have given me of speaking of the great 
statesman who was associated with me in 
the administration of the general govern- 
ment, at my earne.'it solicitation — who be- 
longs not to Kentucky alone, but to the 

his state and this nation, but to mankind. 
The charges to which you refer, I have, 
after my term of service had expired, and 
it was proper for me to speak, denied be- 
fore the whole country. And I here reit- 
erate and reaffirm that denial; and, as I 
e.\pect shortly to appear before my God, 
to answer for the conduct of my whole life, 
should those charges have found their way 
to the Throne of Eternal Justice, I WILL, 
IN THE PRESENCE OF OMNIPOTENCE, PRO- 
NOUNCE THEM FALSE." 

Nov. 15 — Great debate at Lexington, on 
baptism and other subjects, between Elder 
Alexander Campbell, of Bethany, Va., of 
the Reformed or Christian church, and 
Rev. Nathan L. Rice, of Paris, Ky., of 
the Presbyterian Church ; George Robert- 

I. ..4 



son, John Speed Smith, and Henry Clay 
moderators; continues for three weeks, 
and is attended by hundreds of people 
from a distance. 

Dec. 15— Kentucky bonds sell in New 
York at 107M. 

1844, Jan. 3 — Steamboat Shepherdess 
strikes a snag, three miles below St. Louis, 
and sinks rapidly, carrying down from 40 to 
1110 lives ; among them, the owner, Capt. 
Abram P. Howell, of Covington, and other 
Kentuckians. 

March 1 — Common school law amended. 

Ratio of representation for next 

four years fixed at 1251 voters. 

March 16 — Steamboat Alex Scott reaches 
Cairo in 3 days 10 hours from New Or- 

Mason county tobacco establishes a fine 
reputation in the New Orleans market ; 
and is quoted separately, at high figures. 

May 16— General Assembly of the (Old 
School) Presbyterian church in the United 
States of America convened in Louisville. 

June — Greatest flood ever known in the 
Missouri, Mississippi, Illinois, and Red 
rivers, 3J^ feet higher than the great flood 
of 1785 ; crops destroyed, and too late 
to plant again after the waters sub- 
side, stock drowned or strayed, dwellings 
and outhouses swept off or inundated, 
breadstuffs and provisions ruined, the in- 
habitants scattered in every direction, des- 
titute and homeless ; a large portion of 
St. Louis overflowed ; in part of Louis- 
iana, where the high water made a lake 
500 miles wide, destruction and desolation 
were around^ and hunger and terror upon 

Very exciting political contest for gov- 
ernor and president. Many political meet- 
ings are held all over the state, each at- 
tended by from 1,500 to 15,000 people. 

Aug. 7 — Vote for governor: Wm. Ows- 
ley (whig) 59,680, Wm. 0. Butler (demo- 
crat) 55,056— majority 4,624 ; for lieuten- 
ant (governor, Archibald Dixon (w.) 60,- 
070, Wm. S. Pitcher (dem.) 48,989-ma- 
jority 11,081. 

Aug. 30— Workshops and machinery in 
the Kentucky penitentiary burnt down ; 
loss $40,000 ; no convicts escaped. 

Sept. 10— Mr. Gibbon, editor of the 
Smithland Bee, while walking on the street 
with his little daughter, shot and killed 
by Dr. Snyder. 

Sept. 13— Daniel Bates killed, in Clay 
county, Ky., by Dr. Abner Baker, a mon- 
omaniac. 

Sept. 26 — Gov. Letcher, having among 
his last official acts, appointed this as a 
day of *' prayer, praise and thanksgiving," 
it is largely observed ; it is the first thanks- 
giving-day ever appointed by a governor 
of the state, 

Oct. 23— Terrific explosion of the steam- 
boat Lucy Walker, about 8 miles below 
Louisville, in the middle of the Ohio river ; 
the ladies cabin takes fire, and the boat 
rapidly sinks in 15 feet water; about 50 
passengers killed and missing, and 20 
ided. 



50 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1845. 



A manufactory of silk established at 
Newport, by Wm. B. Jackson and Brother; 
handkerchiefs and other goods of smooth 
and excellent texture; cocoons raised, and 
silk spun and woven in Kentucky. 

Nov. 6 — Vote for president and vice- 
president : Henry Clay and Theodore 
Frelinghuysen (whigs) 61,255, James K. 
Polk and Geo. M. Dallas (democrats) 51,- 
988— majority 9,267. 

Nov. 26— Citizens of Frankfort organize 
the "Clay Testimonial Society of Ken- 
tucky," with e.x-Gov. Letcher president, 
and an executive committee of 26 ; " for 
the purpose of building a column of stone 
not less than 100 feet high, on one of the 
eminences adjacent to" Frankfort; the 
contribution of $1 to constitute member- 
ship, and no one allowed to subscribe more 
than $5 ; "each member's name to be en- 
graved on a plate of metal, deposited un- 
der the corner stone of the column, and 
also preserved in a well-bound volume of 
parchment, to be kept forever by the soci- 
ety." A handsome sum was promptly 
subscribed in Frankfort. 

Dec. 23— Miss Delia A. Webster, (who 
has been confined for several months in 
the jail at Lexington upon a charge of ab- 
ducting slaves and conveying them to the 
state of Ohio), tried, convicted, and sen- 
tenced to two years in the penitentiary. 
The jury, in consideration of her sex, 
unanimously sign a petition to the gov- 
ernor for her pardon. [Gov. Owsley re- 
ceived many petitions to the same purport, 
and on Feb. 25, after she had spent sev- 
en weeks in the penitentiary, he pardoned 
her; and she left immediately, with her 
father, for their home in Vermont.] Feb. 
13, 1844, Rev. Calvin Fairbanks, (who 
was Miss Webster's companion and princi- 
pal in the guilt of negro stealing, and ar- 
rested at the same time.) was convicted 
upon his own confession, and the jury 
fixed the period of his confinement in the 
penitentiary at 15 years. 

1845i Feb. 10 — Common school law adopt- 
ed, embracing the provisions of previous 

acts Consent of the legislature given 

to the United States, to purchase and hold 
the Louisville and Portland canal, and any 
additional land necessary for its enlarge- 
ment Control of the capitol square 

surrendered to the trustees of Frankfort, to 
be laid off into walks, and trees and shrub- 
bery planted. 

Feb. 28 — Congress passes resolutions for 
the annexation of Texas. 

Two runaway slaves of Peter Driskell, 
of Mason county, Ky., are apprehended by 
his agent. Col. Charles S. Mitchell and 
others, in Sandusky, Ohio, but rescued and 
set free by the machinations of the aboli- 
tionists and a dishonest judge named 
Farwell, setting at defiance the laws of 
congress and of Ohio, which had been 
complied with. 

March 5— Clifton R. Thompson, of Fay- 
ette county, shot dead in the court house 
at Mountsterling, during the sitting of 
court, by his brother-in-law Henry Daniel. 



March 13 — 63 choice ewes, belonging to 
Capt. John A. Holton, of Franklin county, 
and selected for breeders because of the 
fineness of their wool, killed by dogs, in 
one night. A few nights after, John Chiles, 
of Harrodsburg, lost 70 fine-wool ewes, by 
dogs. The annual destruction of sheep 
by dogs, in the state, estimated at 10,- 
000. 

March 14 — Gov. Bartley, of Ohio, refuses 
to comply with a requisition of Gov. Ows- 
ley, of Ky., for the delivery of a man 
named Kissam, charged with kidnapping 
slaves. 

March 18— Great fire at Crab Orchard ; 
26 houses, in the business part of town, 
burnt. 

April 1 — Population of Lexington, by a 
census just taken, 8,178; whites 4,999, 
blacks 3,179; value of taxable property, 
$3,039,608. 

April 9— The officers of the 123d regi- 

paper communications and petitions, seek 
the abolition of the present militia system. 

April 10— Great fire at Pittsburg, Pa. ; 
982 houses burnt, value $2,666,500, and of 
personal property $2,000,000. Much sym- 
pathy felt in Ky., and subscriptions made 
for the relief of the sufferers. 

April 25 — In answer to a requisition from 
the governor of Ky., for the delivery up 
for trial of a free mulatto who had stolen 
several slaves from Harrodsburg, and es- 
caped to Indiana, Gov. Whitcomb, of that 
state, issued a warrant for his arrest and 
delivery to a Ky. officer. The abolitionists 
at Madison attempted to obstruct the 
course of the law, but were foiled by the 
promptness and decision of the Ky. officer, 
Mr. Blackstone. 

May 19 — The convention of delegates of 
the Methodist E. Church in the southern 
and south-western stjites, adjourns, having 
been in session at Louisville since May 1, 
They resolve to erect the annual confer- 
ences therein represented into a distinct 
ecclesiastical connection, to be called the 
"Methodist Episcopal Church South ;" and 
to hold the first general conference in Pe- 
tersburg, Va., May 1, 1846. 

May 20— In the (Old School) Presbyter- 
ian general assembly, in session in Cincin- 
nati, the report and resolutions on slavery 
(drawn by Rev. Nathan L. Rice, D. D., 
then of Cincinnati, but recently of Ken- 
tucky,) are adopted by yeas 166, nays 12, 
not voting 4; of the yeas, 100 were from 
the northern and 66 from the southern 

May 23— Judge McLean, in the V. S. 
circuit court at Indianapolis, decides that 
slaves taken from Ky. by their owner in 
1825 to Illinois, and there used and em- 
ployed as slaves, although removed after- 
wards to Missouri and kept in slavery for 
years, became entitled to their freedom by 
the act of the owner in taking them to and 
keeping them in a free state, and must 
now be set free. 

June 4 — True American newspaper is- 
sued at Lexington, Cassius M. Clay editor. 



1845. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



51 



June 8— Death of ex-president Andrew 
Jacksou, near Nashville, Tenn. 

June 9— Lewis Sanders, U. S. hem] 
agent at Louisville, institutes tests of th 
relative strength of Kentucky water-rotted 
and Russian hemp ; a rope of the former, 
1 7-10 inches in circumference, parted at 
2,940 pounds, while a larger rope of Rus- 
sian hemp, 1 8-10 inches in circumference, 
only bore a strain of 2,218 pounds when it 

July — P.opulation of Covington, by a 
census just taken, 4,388 ; whites 4,185, 
blacks 203. Of Newport 1,710; whites 
1,634, blacks 76. 

July 22— Death of Miss Browning, the 
Kentucky giantess, near Flemingsburg ; 
her weight was • — pounds, and size 

Aug. 6—7 whigs and 3 democrats elected 
to congress. Of the new senators elected, 
6 are whigs, 4 democrats, and the house 
of representatives stands 63 whigs and 37 
democrats. 

Aug. 14— "At a meeting of sundry citi- 
zens of Lexington, at the court house," 
Benj. W. Dudley, Thos. H. Waters, and 
John W. Hunt are appointed a committee 
"to wait upon Cassius M. Clay, editor of 
the ' True American,' and request him to 
discontinue its publication, as its further 
continuance, in our judgment, is danger- 
ous to the peace of our community, and to 
the safety of onr homes and families ; " 
and adjourn to meet at 3 p. M., Aug. 15. 
To their note inclosing the action of the 
meeting, Mr. Clay, ' " 



than 



ath'i 



indii 



(his disease typhoid fever), writes a defi- 
ant reply, which was read to the adjourned 
meeting ; which, thereupon, issues a call 
" for a general meeting of the people of 
the city and county to be held on Monday, 
Aug. 18, at 11 A. M., at the court house, to 
take into consideration the most effectual 
steps to secure their interests from the ef- 
forts of abolition fanatics and incendia- 
ries." At this meeting, Waller Bullock 
chairman, Benj. Gratz secretary, and at- 
tended by a Large concourse from Fayette 
and the adjoining counties, another com- 
munication from Cassius M. Clay was read. 
Thos. F. Marshall submitted an address, 
setting forth the incendiary character of 
Mr. Clay's paper, and six resolutions, 
which were unanimously adopted. Under 
the 6th resolution, a committee of 60 prom- 
inent citizens (among them Geo. W. John- 
son, chairman, James B. Clay, secretary, 
Moses Morrison, Richard Higgins, Hiram 
Shaw, Wm. B. Kinkead, James B. Waller, 
Geo. W. Norton, Franklin Tilford, Thos. 
H. Shelby, Thos. S. Redd, Dr. J. C. Dar- 
by, Wm. R. McKee, Richard Spurr, Ed- 
ward Oldham and Dr. J. Bush) was ap- 
pointed, " authorized to proceed to the of- 
fice of the ' True American,' take posses- 
sion of press and printing apparatus, pack 
up the same, and place it at the railroad 
office for transportation to Cincinnati, and 
report forthwith [at 2 p. m.,] to this body." 
On reaching the office door, the key was 
given up by the city marshal to the chair- 



man of the committee. The mayor was 
also at the door, and "gave notice that 
the committee was acting in opposition to 
law, but that the city authorities could 
offer no forcible resistance to them." The 
names of the committee were called, and 
each one admitted to the otBce, and the 
door closed. " On motion of M.aj. Wm. R. 
McKee, it was resolved that the committee 
hold itself responsible for anything which 
might be lost or destroyed, whilst the eom- 
ty assi 
ppointed to 
take down the press," and others "to put 
up the type," and " the secretary took a 
list of the property as packed up." " The 
secretary containing the private papers of 
the editor of the ' True American,' by 
unanimous resolution, was sent to hig 
house." The committee, as directed by 
the meeting, notified Mr. Clay by letter 
" that the press, type, etc., of the ' True 
American ' paper have been carefully put 
up, and shipped by railroad and steamer 
to Cincinnati," to the care of Messrs. Jan- 
uary & Taylor, subject to his order, and 
that the charges and expenses upon them 
have been paid." They reached Cincin- 
nati on Friday, Aug. 22. 

Sept. 3 — Several of a gang of counter- 
feiters arrested at Warsaw, and committed 
to jail. Also, John and Wm. Banton ar- 
rested in Lincoln county, and their estab- 
lishment for manufacturing counterfeit 
notes and coin, one of the most extensive 
and perfect in the Union, captured and 
broken up. 

Sept. 6— Gov. Owsley is notified by the 
secretary of war, that Gen. Zachary Tay- 
lor is authorized to call upon Ky. for 
troops to repel the apprehended Mexican 
invasion. Gov. 0. replies that any requi- 
sition upon Ky. will be promptly and gal- 
lantly responded to. 

Sept. 10 — Great excitement in Clay 
county, Ky. The jail guarded to prevent 
escape of prisoners. Gen. Peter Dudley, 
thither by Gov. Owslfy, orders out 
3ompanies of troops from Madison 
county, under Col John Miller, to main- 
tain the supremacy of the laws — who re- 
main until after the execution of Dr. Ba- 
ker, Oct. 3. 

Sept. 13— Re-interment of the remains 
of Daniel Boone and his wife in the state 

metery at Frankfort. [See description 
on page 251, vol. ii.j 

Sept. 18— Trial before Judge Trotter, of 
the Lexington city court, of the members 
f the " committee of 60," on a charge of 
iot on Aug. 18th, in removing the press 
nd types of the " True American " news- 
paper. After a full hearing of the testi- 
mony and argument, " the jury without 

isitation gives a verdict of not guilty." 

Sept. 20— Population of Louisville, by a 

nsus just taken, 37,218. 

Sept. 22— Suicide at Richmond, by blow- 
ing out his brains with a pistol, of John 
White, judge of the 19th judicial district, 

d recently speaker of the lower house of 
congress and member thereof for ten years. 



52 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Sept. 22— The citiiens of Maysville and 
Mason county, tender a public dinner to 
James C. Pickett, late U. S. charge d' af- 
faires to Peru. 

Sept. 30 — Debate at Cincinnati, between 
Rev. J. Blanchard and Rev. Nathan L. 
Rice, D. D., both of that city, but Dr. R. 
recently of Ky., upon the question, "Is 
slavery in itself sinful, and the relation 
between the master and slave a sinful re- 
lation?" The former afBrms, the latter 
denies. 

Oct. 13 — An adjourned meeting of citi- 
zens of Mason county, at Washington, 
Lewis Collins chairman, Richard II. Stan- 
ton secretary, adopts Judge Beatty's reso- 
lutions in reference to the Fayette county 
meeting which suppressed the "True 
American" newspaper, condemning in 
strong language " the intemperate and in- 
flammatory character " of that paper, and 
" the reply of its editor to the request to 
discontinue its publication as conceived in 
a spirit of outrage, wholly unjustifiable, 
and meriting the severest reprobation," 
and recommending that laws be passed, 
inflicting such penalties upon incendiary 
abolition publications in our state, as shall 
effectually prevent their being hereafter 
circulated." John A. McClung, Francis 
T. Chambers, Judge Adam Beatty, and 
Elijah C. Phister advocate them, while 
Henry Waller, Wm. Tebbs Reid, Richard 
H. Stanton, and Col. Jacob A. Sl.ick favor 
stronger resolutions. 

Similar meetings had already been held 
in Jefl'erson and Nelson counties. 

Oct. 25 — Rev. Alex. M. Cowan, agent of 
the Kentucky colonization society, collects 
$5,000 to purchase a district of country 40 
miles square in Africa, to be called " Ken- 
tucky in Liberia," as a home for colored 
colonists from Kentucky. The first colony 
for its settlement leaves Louisville, Jan. 
7, 1846. 

Oct. 28— Col. James C. Pickett, of Ky., 
late U. S. chargti d' affaires to Peru, pre- 
sents to the National Institute at Wash- 
ington city a fragment of the flag (of plain 
■white silk, and now over 300 years old) of 
Pizarro, the conqueror of Peru, and a lock 
of hair of Gen. Bolivar, the great champion 
of South American independence. 

Nov. 10 — In pursuance to a call signed 
by 456 citizens of Mason county, another 
meeting (very greatly larger than the one 
in Oct.) is held at Washington, to consider 
the questions growing out of the action of 
the citizens of Lexington, Aug. 18, in sup- 
pressing the " True American." Eight 
resolutions, all much stronger and more 
pointed than those previously adopted, are 
offered by Henry Waller, advocated by 
him, Francis T. Herd, and John D. Taylor, 
and unanimously adopted. 

Nov. 20— Thanksgiving day, in accord- 
ance with Gov. Owsley's proclamation, ob- 
served for the second time. 

Joel T. Hart, of Ky., selected by the 
ladies of Virginia as the sculptor of the 
statute of Henry Clay to be erected in 
Richmond. 



falls to the depth of 9 



Nov.; 

Dec. 6— Ohio river frozen over, for the 
first time in 12 years so early in the season; 
it breaks up on the 10th. 

Dec. 31—1,585 steamboats and 394 flat 
and keel boats, 318,741 tons, have passed 
through the Louisville and Portland canal 
since Jan. 1, 1845, paying $138,391 toll. 
From the opening of the canal, Jan. 1, 
1831, to date, 15 years, 16,817 steamboats 
(an average of 1,121 per year) and 5,263 
flat and keel boats, with a total tonnage 
of 3,048,692, have passed the canal, and 
paid in tolls $1,506,306. 

1846, Jan. 13— Cassias M. Clay, of Ky., 
editor of the "True American" now 
printed at Cincinnati, addresses a great 
meeting at the Tabernacle, in the city of 
New York. Resolutions complimentary 
of him, and reflecting sharply on the meet- 
ing at Lexington in August last, unani- 
mously adopted. Next evening, at the 
same place, and to a " very thin " au- 
dience, he lectures again, " for the benefit 
of the colored orphan asylum, with extreme 
reluctance, as he was sure it would operate 
to his injury at home." 

Jan. 15— The bill to take the sense of 
the people as to the propriety of calling 
a convention to revise the constitution de- 
feated in the state senate, by 20 to 18. It 
had passed the house, Jan. 12, by 56 to 40. 

Jan. 28 — In the long-pending suit of 
the bank of Kentucky v). the Schuylkill 
bank, at Philadelphia, Judge King de- 
cides the entire controversy in favor of the 
plaintiff; making the Ky. bank responsi- 
ble to the holders of the spurious stock; 
and, as it had actually made such compen- 
sation already, an order was entered refer- 
ring to a master the computation of the 
over-issue of spurious stock, and the 
amount of indemnity which the bank of 
Ky. was entitled to recover from the 
Schuylkill bank ; the latter was adjudged 
to have been in law, as well as in fact, 
the transfer agent of the Ky. bank from 
March 18, 1835, to Dec. 16, 1839. [$1,184,- 
738 was ascertained to be the amount of 
indemnity.] 

Feb. 7 — Acts pass the legislature to es- 
tablish the university of Louisville 

10- To incorporate the Covington and 

Cincinnati bridge company 13 — To 

incorporate the Maysville college 23 

— Further to protect the rights of married 
women ; their slaves not liable for the hus- 
band's debts ; and the husband's estate 
not liable for the wife's debts contracted 

before marriage Act to incorporate 

the Licking river navigation company. 

March 7 — John U. Waring assassinated, 
about noon, on the street in Versailles ; .1 
rifle ball, fired from the garret of Shelton'a 
tavern, entered his forehead, passing down 
his throat, into his lungs. 

March 23— At 12:45 a. m., two shocks of 
an earthquake were felt in northern Ken- 
tucky, shaking houses perceptibly, and 
preceded by a rumbling sound as of dis- 
t.ant thunder. 



1846. 



ANNALS 



April 25— Partial eclipse of the sun, 
about one-third ; but over the most of Ky. 
the eclipse itself was eclipsed by the inter- 
vening clouds. Silliman's Journal, New 
Haven, Conn., after describing this eclipse, 
a month before its appearance, adds : 

"During the remainder of the piesent 
century there will be but five ecli*pses cen- 
tral in any part of the Atlantic states, viz : 
those of May 26, 1854, and Sept. 29, 1875, 
.annular in Massachusetts, and that of Oct. 
19, 1869, in the Carolinas ; whilst those of 
Aug. 7, 1869, and May 28, 1900, will be to- 
tal in North Carolina and Virginia." 

May 8— Gen. Zachary Taylor defeats 
the Mexicans at Palo Alto, and, next day, 
at Resaca de la Palraa. 

May 13 — Congress declares that " by the 
act of the Republic of Mexico, a state of 
war exists between that government and 
the United States." 

Maj.-Gen. E. P. Gaines makes a requi- 
sition on the Gov. of Ky. for 4 regiments 
of volunteers, comprising 2,400 men. 

(Sunday) May 17— In expectation of, 
but before receiving, a formal call, Gov. 



ith. 



apanies," and report to him forth- 



May 18— The Louisville Legion, 9 com- 
panies, commanded by Col. Ormsby, offer 
their services to the governor, and are ac- 
cepted Wm. Preston procures a sub- 
scription of $50,000 in Louisville, which 
he places to the credit of the governor in 
the bank of Ky., to be used if necessary, 
in dispatching troops to the seat of war. 
The Northern bank of Ky., at Lexington, 
tenders Gov. Owsley $250".000 for the same 
purpose. 

May 20 — Duel, near Bethlehem, In- 
diana, between James S. Jackson, of Lex- 
ington, and Robert Patterson, of Frank- 
fort, Ky. : Thos. F. Marshall the second 
of Jackson, and Geo. B. Crittenden of Pat- 
terson ; after exchanging shots without 
effect, the difficulty is amicably settled. 

May 22 — Form.al proclamation of Gov. 
Owsley for two regiments of infantry or 
riflemen, and one of oav.ilry, for the serv- 
ice of the United States against Mexico. 
The President calls upon the states for 
43,500 men in all. 

May 26— The governor announces, by 
proclamation, that the requisition upon Ky. 
for troops is full. The 1st regiment of in- 
fantry, the Louisville Legion, has em- 
barked. The 2d regiment of infantry, Col. 
Wm. E. McKee, of Lexington, Lieut. Col. 
Henry Clay, Jr., of Louisville, Miij Gary 
H. Fry, of Danville, is composed of the 
following companies : 

1st, Green county.. . Capt. Wm. H. Mkxcv. 

2d, Frankliu " ...Cant. KiMnUlin I'liiiiiibers. 

3d, Mercer " ...Capt. Phil. B. 'Ihoii.pKon. 

4th, Bciyle " ...(Japt. .-ipeed s,„itli !■ ry. 

5tli, Kenton " ...Capt. G.,-o. \V. Ci.tl.r. 

6Jh, .Iess»n,ine " ...Capt. Wm. T. Willis. 

7th, Lincoln " ...Capt. Wm. DoukIki ty. 

8th, Kenton " ...Capt. Wni, M. .loyn, r. 

loth. AudereoQ *' ...Capt. Oeo. \V.Kav;iiiaugL. 
The 1st regiment of cavalry, Col. Hum- 



phrey Marshall, of Louisville, Lieut. Col. 
Ezekiel H. Field, of Woodford county, 
Maj. John P. Gaines, of Boone county, 
embraces the following companies : 



3d, Favette " Capt. CasBiuB M. Clay. 

«h, Woodford " Capt. Thos. F. Marshall. 

.Hh, Madison " Capt. J. C. Stone. 

6tli. Garrard " Capt. .1. Frice. 

7th, Fayette " Ciipt. G. L. Postlethwaite. 

SIh. Gallatin " Capt. J. S. Lillard. 

Capt. John Shawhan. 

Capt. - 



10th, Franklin " Capt. B. C. Milam. 

In addition to these, the company of 
John S. Williams, of Clark county, having 
been excluded from the above quota by a 
mistake, was specially accepted by order of 
the War Department. 105 companies in 
all, being 75 more than were called for, 
were organized, and tendered to the gov- 
ernor. 12,000 men could have been raised, 



reqi 






June 18 — Five magistrates of Franklin 
ounty, as members of the county court, 
re put in jail for refusing to obey a sum- 



appe 



the 



hy they refused to obey the 
decision of that court in the case of Gor- 
ham vs. Luckett. 

June 29 — Appointments by President 
Polk : Zach.aiy Taylor, to be major gen- 
eral in the regular army, Wm. 0. Butler, 
of Carroll county, Ky., to be major general 
of volunteers, .and Thomas Marshall, of 
Lewis county, Ky., to be brigadier general 
of volunteers. 

July 8— Trial of Lafayette Shelby for 
the killing of young Horine, at Lexington, 
concluded hy the non-agreeing and the 
discharge of the jury, who stood 4 for con- 
viction and 8 for acquittal ; next day, he 
is admitted to bail by judge Buckner, in 
$10,000, and released from jail. A public 
meeting is held, strongly condemnatory of 
the course and result of the trial ; the 
judge and 8 jurors hung in effigy, not only 
in Lexington, but in Richmond, Nicholas- 
ville, Georgetown, and other places. So 
great is the popular excitement and out- 
break, that a majority of the Fayette and 
Scott county bar deem it proper to address 
a communication to the public in defense 
of the judge, expressing high confidence 
in the correctness of his judicial opinions, 
his impartiality, unblemished integrity, 
and personal honor. 

Aug. 5 — In Mason county, 1 ,426 vote for 
the removal of the county seat from Wash ■ 
ington to Maysville, and 1,194 against it 
—majority 232. 

26 whigs and 12 democrats elected to 
the senate, and 64 whigs and 36 democrats 
to the house of representatives. 

Sept. 1 — Gov. Owsley removes Benj. 
Hardin, and appoints Geo. B. Kinkead in 
his place as secretary of state. Mr. Har- 
din, in Oct., attempts, in the Franklin 
circuit court, by a motion for a manda 
mus, to test the governor's power under 
the constitution to remove him, but the 
case was taken under advisement. Jan. 
4, 1847, Gov. Owsley brought the case be- 
fore the senate, by a long message and 



54 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1847. 



nomination of Mr. Kinkead for the office, 
which Mr. Hardin resisted by a memorial. \ 
The controversy was prolonged until Feb. ' 
16, when the senate, by 30 to 8, decided 
that there was no vacancy in the office, 
and for that reason rejected the nomina- 1 
tion. On the 18th, Mr. Hardin informed 
the senate, by communication, that he had j 
sent to the governor his resignation of the \ 
office. Feb. 20, the governor again nom- 
inated Mr. Kinkead, and he was unani- 
mously confirmed. 

Sept. 24— Capture of Monterey, Mexico. 
The Louisville Legion, being posted to 
guard a mortar battery, and exposed to 
the enemy's cannon for about 24 hours 
without being able to return their fire, 
hold in check the enemy's cavalry, and 
" display obedience, patience, discipline, j 
and calm courage." Maj. Gen. Wm. 0. I 
Butler seriously wounded, and Maj. Philip 
Norbourne Barbour, of the 3d regular in- 
fantry, killed (both Kentuckiaris.) | 

Oct. 4— Duel at Port Lavacca, Texas, 
between Capt. Thos. F. Marshall and 
Lieut. James S. Jackson, of Capt. Cassius 
M. Clay's company, both of the Kentucky 
cavalry regiment ; two shots exchanged, 
but both escape unhurt. 

Nov. 2— The number of inquiries, this 
day, at the general delivery of the Louis- 
ville post office for letters was 1,9R4— of 
which 538 for or by ladies, and 1,426 for or 
by gentlemen. The name of Smith was 
inquired for 33 times, of Johnson 28 times, 
of Clark 23, Jones 21, Wilson 20, Brown 
19, Williams 17, and Evans 13 times. This 
was believed to be an average of the daily 
applications at the general delivery. 

Nov. 23 — Celebrated breach of promise 
case at Louisville, Miss Nano Hays vs. 
John Hays, results in a verdict of $6,000 
for plaintiff. * 

Dec. 10— Population of Covington, by a 
census just taken, 4,976. 

Dec. 25— Gen. Alex. W. Doniphan (for- 
merly of Mason county, Ky.J defeats the 
Mexicans at Bracito. 

1847) Jan. 9 — Legislature passes an act 
to take the sense of the people of the state 
as to the propriety of calling a convention 
to amend the constitution, by a vote of 30 
to 8 in the senate, and 81 to 17 in the 

house 16— Benefit of clergy abolished. 

20— Kentucky Military institute, in 

Franklin county, incorporated. 

J.an. 14— The bill of most exciting and 
absorbing interest before the legislature, 
to remove the seat of justice of Mason 
county from Washington to Maysville, is 
defeated in the house by 49 to 51. Jim. 
28, a bill was passed by 67 to 30, providing 
for another and final vote of th( 
upon the question ; but, Feb. It: 
laid upon the table in the sena 
to 15. 

Jan. 19— Mr. Ward, of Missouri, and Ed- 
ward C. Marshall, of Cincinnati, (both law- 
yers, and recently from Ky.) leave Frank- 
fort for Utica, Indiana, to fight a duel with 
rifles at 75 paces. M.arshall's shot missed, 
but Ward's took efi'ect in the fleshy part of 



peo|ile 
e, by'is 



the thigh ; wound not dangerous. Ward 
walked up to Marshall, who extended his 
hand, and they returned to Frankfort as 
friends, on the same steamboat which 
brought them down as enemies. Just be- 
fore firing, Ward handed his second a 
note, in which he stated he did not wish 
to kill Marshall, but would hit him within 
an inch of the spot where his ball took ef- 
fect. 

Jan. 20— Maj. John P. Gaines and 
Capt. Cassius M. Clay, with 30 Ky. caval- 
ry, and Maj. Borland and 50 Arkansas 
cavali-y, are surrounded at Encarnacion by 
an overwhelming force of Mexican cavalry, 
and compelled to surrender, taken to the 
city of Mexico, and imprisoned. 

Jan. 29— Death of Monroe Edwards, the 
most expert forger in America, in the hos- 
pital of Sing Sing prison, N. Y., of con- 
sumption. 

Feb. 12— On the 29th ballot, after voting 
on seven days, Jos. R. Underwood, (whig) 
is elected U. S. senator for 6 years from 
March 4, 1847. During the voting, Rob- 
ert P. Letcher received as high as 51, and 
Thos. Metcalfe 23 votes (both whigs), and 
Albert G. Hawes 46, Lvnn Boyd 28, James 
Guthrie 31, and General Robert B. McAfee 
39 votes (.all democrats). 

Feb. 17— Flat boats and water craft de- 
scending the slaek-w.atered rivers, from a 
point above slack water, not to pay tolls 
for passing over the dams 23 — Char- 
ter of the Licking river navigation com- 
pany declared forfeited Kentucky Fe- 
male Orphan school incorporated 

Western Military institute (at George- 
town) incorporated 25 — Act to pre- 
vent the wanton destruction of fish by 

seines or set nets 27— Act for the 

construction and protection of Morse'a 
magnetic telegraphic lines. 

Feb. 23— Resolutions passed by the leg- 
islature, complimentary to the Louisville 
Legion, and to Gens. Zacharv Taylor and 
Wm. 0. Butler for their gaUautiy, etc., 
in Mexico, and directing the presentation 
of a sword to each of those generals, and 
to the widow of Major Philip Norbourne 
Barbour. (M.ij. B. fell at Monterey, and 
his body was directed to be buried in the 
state cemetery at Frankfort.) 

Feb. 22-S— Gen. Taylor, after two days 
of remarkably severe fighting, wins a great 
victory over the Mexicans at Buena Vista. 
Of 330 Ky. cavalrv under Col. Humphrey 
Marshall, and 571 2d Ky. rei;iment of foot 
under Col. Wm. K. MiKce and Lieut. 
Col. Henry Clay, Jr., 27 cavalry and 44 
foot are killed, and 34 cavalry and 57 foot 
wounded— among the killed Cols. McKee 
and Clav. The entire American loss is 
267 killed and 456 wounded, out of 4,759 
engaged ; the Mexican loss, of 20,340 en- 
gaged, nearly 2,000, of whom 500 are left 
dead upon the field. 

Feb. 28— Gen. Doniphan defeats the 
Mexicans at Sacramento, in Chihuahua. 

March 1— Licking and Lexington rail- 
road and Louisville and Frankfort railroad 
companies incorporated Central mound 



1847. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



55 



in the Frankfort cemetery conveyed to the 
state for a public burying ground. 

Samuel H. Clay, of Bourbon county, 
awarded by the Bourbon agricultural so- 
ciety the premium for the largest yield of 
corn to the acre, grown in 1846 ; his acre 
measured 23 barrels 3 bu. 1 peck 1 gal. 3 

March 10— Four companies of the 16th 
regiment of infantry (regulars) raised in 
Ky., to be under Col. John W. Tibbatts, 
of Newport, Ky. 

March 24— Flood in the Cumberland 
and Tennessee rivers, and high water in 
the Ohio ; at Paducah, higher than ever 
since 1832, and only about 2)4 feet lower 
than the flood of that year. 

April 18— Storming of Cerro Gordo, 
Mexico. Capt. John S. Williams' company 
(the only Kentucky company engaged) be- 
have with distinguished valor. 

May 12- — Books for subscription to the 
stock of the Licking and Lexington rail- 
road open at Covington for 3 days, and 
only 20 shares taken. 

May 27— Chief Justice Ephraim M. Sw- 
ing resigns, and, June 1, James Simpson 
is appointed to the appellate bench. 

June 8— Maj. John P. Gaines, while 
still a prisoner of war in Mexico, is nomi- 
nated for congress by a whig convention 
at Covington ; and, Aug. 4, elected by 124 
majority over Gen. Lucius B. Desha, the 
democratic nominee. 

June 9— A mammoth ox of the Fatten 
breed, weighing 3.250 pounds, raised in 
Bath county, sells for $225. 

June 15— Gen. Leslie Combs, in a Phil- 
adelphia court, recovers a judgment for 
$14,500 against the bank of Ky. for fee as 
a lawyer in the Schuylkill bank case. 

June 22 — Bourbon county agricultural 
society gives a premium for the greatest 
amount of clean merchantable hemp, the 
product of one acre of ground, to Isaac 
Wright, whose acre raised 1,355 pounds, 
while that of Michael Neff raised 1,200, 
and th.at of John Allen Gano 1,192 pounds. 

June 22— Henry Clay unites with the 
Episcopal church at Lexington, and is 
baptized in the parlor of his residence, at 
Ashland. 

July 1— The Northern Bank of Ky. de- 
clares a semi-annual dividend of ili, the 
Bank of Ky. of 2K, and the Bank of Lou- 
isville of 3 per cent. 

July 11— Death, near Shelbyville, of the 
celebrated race horse, American Eclipse, 
which made the famous 



134 



ace with SK' Hen- 
1, and ne<fer lost a 



July 20— Remains of Col. Wm. R. Mc- 
Kee, Lieut. Col. Henry Clay, Jr., Capt. 
Wm. T. Willis, Capt. Wm. H.Maxcy, Ad- 
jutant E. M. Vaughan, Lieut. James Pow- 
ell and 11 privates, who fell in Mexico, 
interred in ihe state cemetery at Frank- 
fort ; 20,000 people present; in the proces- 
sion, 11 volunteer military companies, 
besides several hundred of the returned 
soldiers from the Mexican war ; funeral 
discourse by Rev. John H. Brown, D. D., 



of Lexington ; orator of the day, Maj. 
John C. Breckinridge ; the occasion re- 
markably impressive and solemn. 

Aug 4 — To congress 6 whigs and 4 dem- 
ocrats elected ; to the state senate 27 whiga 
and 11 democrats, and to the house of rep- 
resentatives 69 whigs and 41 democrats. 
The question of calling a convention to 
amend the constitution received 92,639 out 
of 137,311 qualified voters in the state. 

Aug. 31 — Requisition upon Ky. for two 
more regiments of infantry for service in 
the Mexican war. Before Sept. 20, they 
are reported and organized as follows : 

3d regiment : Col. Manlius V. Thomson, 
of Georgetown, Lieut. Col. Thos. L. Crit- 
tenden, of Frankfort, Maj. John C. Breck- 
inridge, of Lexington : 

1 SI Laurel A. F. Caldwell. 

2 »i ICstill W. P. Cliiles. 

3 W Slielby Thomas Tori il. 

4 'Jl B.iurbun Wm. B. Simrns. 

s W Scott John K. Smith. 

f> « Bath Jam.'S Ewins. 

7 12:. Firming..,. .LeanJer M. Cox. 

io!!!!!!!!!ii7!!!!!!!!!rayi!tte.".'.'.'.'.L'. b.' liobineon'. 

4th Regiment: Col. John S. Williams, 
of Winchester, Lieut. Col. Wm. Preston, 
of Louisville, Maj. Wm. T. Ward, of 



..Cal.iwell 



..J. S. Corum. 
..G. B. Cook. 
..Decins Mctlre 



12 other companies reported — one each 
from Mason, Montgomery, Fayette, Madi- 
son, Bullitt, Hardin, Campbell, Harrison 
and Franklin counties, and three from the 
city of Louisville ; a number of others 
partially made up, ceased their efforts on 
learning that the requisition was full. 

In Capt. Cox's company, from Fleming, 
25 men were over six feet high. 

Sept. 16 — Kentucky soldiers who fell 
at Buena Vista, from Shelby, Mont- 
gomery, and Franklin counties, interred 
with funeral honors in the state cemetery. 

Sept. 14— Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, 
D. D., LL.D., appointed superintendent 
of public instruction, to succeed Rev. Ry- 
land T. Dillard, who resigned because of 
ill health. 

Considerable interest among the scien- 
tific and curious, by the publication of 
Orrin Lindsay's " Voyage around the 
Moon, a brief account of some novel ex- 
periments upon gravitation, and also a 
narrative of two voyages into empty 

Nov. 13— Great speech of Henry Clay, at 
Lexington, on the Mexican war. 

Nov. 22— Edwin Bedford, of Bourbon 
county, sells to Mr. Beresford, of Cincinnati, 
seven hogs of his own raising, which aver- 
age in weight 720 pounds. 

Nov. 27— A lady now living in Mays- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



ville, only 68 years old, has had 160 de- 
scendants, Slie was married at 14, was 
a mother at 15 vears and two months, and 
has had 18 children ; her grandchildren 
have exceeded 100 in number, of whom 89 
arc living ; she has 28 great-grandchild- 
ren living, and has buried 10. 

Dec. 9 and 10— Remarkably heavy rains, 
producing a great freshet in Licking, Ken- 
tucky, and Cumberland rivers and their 
branches ; several small streams rise so 
fast during the night of Dec. 10th, as to 
compel people to flee in their night-clothes 
to the second story of their houses and to 
the hills. The North Fork of Licking was 
from 5 to 10 feet higher than ever known ; 
and just south of Millersburg, the Mays- 
ville and Lexington Turnpike road was for 
several hours overflowed to the depth of 1 
to 10 feet. Much of the town of Frank- 
fort was submerged, the water from 3 to 6 
feet deep in houses. Immense damage 
done, in washing away houses, mills, 
dams, fences, stacks of grain and hay, 
hogs and other farm stock. On Lulbegrud 
creek, in Clark and Montgomery coun- 
ties, Boone's creek in Fayette, Benson 
creek in Franklin, and Valley creek in 
Hardin county, every mill was swept off, 
and most of those on Elkhorn and its forks. 

Dec. 16 to 18— Second greatest flood, in 
this century, in the Ohio river; water, at 
some points, 61^3 feet above low water 
mark ; immense damage done by the 
undermining of houses, causing their fall 
and loss of contents ; in thousands of 
dwellings the water up to the second floor, 
and occupants fleeing for their lives. 

Dec. 17 — Deepest snow for 10 years past, 
through middle and eastern Kentucky. 

Dec. 18— Ben. B. Grooms, of Clark coun- 
ty, sells to Alex. Stewart, a Cincinnati 
butcher, a Durham steer, 5 years old, gross 
weight considerably ever 3,000 pounds, 
net weight 2,385 pounds, for 10 cents per 
pound net; the steer was 16 hands 1 inch 
high, and took the premium, last Sept., at 
the Bourbon agricultural fair. 

Dec. 30— New steamboat A. N. Johnston 
blown up, when 10 miles above Maysville, 
at 1:30 A. M. ; about 45 persons killed, or 
die from wounds, and many more wounded. 

Dec. 31 — Lines of telegraph being erected 
from Maysville to Nashville, via Lexing- 
ton, Frankfort, Louisville, Bardstown, 
and Bowling Green, and from Maysville 
to Cincinnati. 

1848, Jan. 6— G. L. Pittman, editor of 
the Ploughboy at Richmond, mortally 
wounded by a pistol shot in self-defense 
from Col. James W. Caperton. 

Jan. 14 — Duel between Lieut. Hanson 
and Wm. Duke, of Fayette county, at a 
point in Indiana opposite the mouth of the 
Ky. river; Hanson badly wounded in the 
leg, on the fourth fire. 

The bill removing the county seat of 
Mason county from Washington to Mays- 
ville passes the house of representatives 
with only four dissenting votes ; and, Jan. 
18, the senate, with only two votes 
against. 



Jan. 15 — Legislature passes an act to 
take another vote upon the propriety of 
calling a convention to amend the consti- 
tution 29 — Also, a severe law against 

gambling. 

Feb. 5 — Turnpike roads in which the 
sta.te holds stock empowered to permit 
regular ministers of the gospel to travel 
over them toll-free, when on ministerial 

duties 25— $15,000 appropriated to 

pay for a military monument in the state 
cemetery, " to commemorate the deeds of 

Kentucky's gallant dead." 28— $15,- 

000 appropriated for the location and erec- 
tion of a second Kentucky lunatic asylum. 

Ky. senators and representatives In 

congress requested to aid in the adoption 
of Asa Whitney's plan for a " Pacific rail- 
road," from Lake Michigan to the Pacific 



.Thr 



pointed to negotiate with commissioners 
from Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois for the 
settlement of the boundary and jurisdic- 
tion upon that part of the Ohio river di- 
viding Ky. from those states 29 — 

Ratio of representation for next four 
years fixed at 1,373 votes for each reprc- 



Feb. 29— An 
school system. Sec. 3, provides for a vote 
next August '* upon the propriety and ex- 
pediency of imposing a tax of two cents 
on each $100 worth of taxable property, 
for the purpose of establishing more per- 
manently a common school system in the 

March 1 — The legislature passes resolu- 
tions complimentary to Major John P. 
Gaines, Capt. Cassius M. Clay, Lieut. Geo. 
Davidson, and their 30 companions in arms, 
taken prisoners at Encarnacion by 3,000 
Mexicans ; also, to Capt. Wm. J. Heady, 
Lieut. Thos. J. Churchill, and their 18 
companions, taken prisoners by a superior 
Mexican force; also, to Major John P. 
Gaines for "honorably withdrawing his 
parole as a prisoner of war, making his 
escape to the American army, and with it 
gallantly fighting at Cherubusco, Chapul- 
tepec, and all the battles fought before 
the walls and in the city of Mexico- 
he being the only volunteer from Ky. who 
participated in the achievements of Gen. 
Scott and his army in those memorable 
victories." [Francis M. Lisle, of Clark 
county, a member of Capt. John S. Wil- 
liams* company in 1846, instead of return- 
ing with it, remained and went unhurt 
through all the battles to the city of Mex- 
ico, part of the time as volunteer aid to 
Gen. Twiggs.] 

May 21 — Death, in Garrard county, of 
Mrs. Mary Bryant, aged 77, widow of 
Capt John Bryant, and last child of Thos. 
Owslev, who emigrated to Ky. from Va. 
in 1785. Mrs. B. was the mother of 15 
children, and had 94 grandchildren, 108 
great-grandchildren, and 3 great-great- 
grandchildren — in all 220 descendants. 

May 26— Gen. Lewis Cass, of Michigan, 
and Gen. Wm. 0. Butler, of Ky., nomi- 
nated by the Democratic national conven- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



57 



tion at Baltimore for president and vice- 
president. 

June 8— Gen. Zaehary Taylor, of La., 
(for 40 years a Kentucldan), and Millard 
Fillmore, of N. Y., nominated by the 
Whig national convention at Philadelphia 
for president and vice-president. For 
president the several ballotings were : 

1st. 2d. 3d. 4th. 

Zaehary Taylor Ill 118 l:a 171 

Henry Cliiv 97 86 74 32 

«eli. WiliflelJ Scott 43 50 H 63 



On the first three ballots, 5 of the Ky. 
delegation, Jas. Campbell, Jas. Harlan, 
John B. Huston, Geo. T. Wood, and Wm. 
R. Griffith voted for Mr. Clay, and John 
A. McClung, Jas. B. Husbands, Littleton 
Beard. Jas. W. Hays, Josiah A. Jackson, 
Robert Mallory, and Benj. Franklin Bedin- 
ger (7) for Gen. Taylor ; on the last ballot 
James Harlan alone voted for Mr. Clay. 

June 22— John J. Crittenden resigns as 
II. S. senator, to make the race for gov- 
ernor ; and Thos. Metcalfe is .appointed by 
Gov. Ow.«ley to succeed him. The appoint- 
ment had first been tendered to Henry 
Clay, who declined it. 

July 1— Hopkinsville selected as the lo- 
cation for the new lunatic asylum ; and 
the "Spring Hill" farm of 380 acres is 
deeded for that purpose to the state by 
the citizens. 

July 6 — Message of President Polk to 
congress, announcing the end of the war 
with Mexico — the ratifications of the 
treaty having been exchanged at Quereta- 
ro, Mexico, May 30, 1848. 

July 7— Resignation of Col. James Da- 
vidson, as treasurer of state, who has held 
the office since Dec, 1825. 

Aug. 9 — -Vote for governor: John J. 
Crittenden (whig) 66,466, Lazarus W. 
Powell (democrat) 57, 945— majority 8,521 ; 
for lieutenant governor, John L. Helm (w.) 
64,271, John P. Martin (dem.) 56,549— 
majority 7,722. The senate stands whigs 
27, democrats 11 ; and the house of repre- 
sentatives 64 whigs, 36 democrats. 

There were 101,828 votes cast in favor 
of calling a convention to amend the con- 
stitution, out of 141,620 total voters in the 

74,628 votes were cast in favor of, and 
37,746 against, the proposed tax of two 
cents on the $100 of taxable property, for 
common schools. The following is the 
vote in some of the counties : 

For. Ag't. For. Ag't. 

Artair rm 60fi Hardin 449 14.i8 



Case-: 



Cumberlanii...3J0 417 Monr 

Glecn 362 637 Oldhii 

Knt^""}--^ 129 W-': 



Aug. 5, Saturday night— 13 slaves in : 
gang escape to Ohio, from the neighbor 
hood one mile north of Lewisburg, in Ma 
son county ; and 42 slaves in a gang fron 
Fayette and Bourbon counties, attempt tt 



escape, but after proceeding 38 miles, to 
the neighborhood of Claysville, Harrison 
county, or of Waller's mill a few miles 
north, in Bracken county, an effort to cap- 
ture them brought on a battle, in which a 
negro shot and dangerously wounded a 
white man, Chas. H. Fowler. The ne- 
groes scattered, but were all captured and 
secured, 20 at Claysville, 19 in jail at 
Brooksville. The ringleader, a white ab- 
olitionist named Patrick or E. J. Doyle, 
(who had bargained to take each slave to 
a place of security for $10 each, which he 
received from some, a stolen gold watch 
from another, etc.,) was taken to Lexing- 
ton for trial, and, Oct. 10, sentenced to 
hard labor in the penitentiary for 20 years, 
on the charge of enticing away slaves. In 
Bracken county, the grand jury found a 
true bill against 7 of the negroes for con- 
spir.acy, insurrection and rebellion, and 
another for shooting with intent to kill. 
On the first charge, 3 were found guilty 
and 4 not guilty. The negroes belonged 
2 to EM Currant of Bourbon county, the 
others in Fayette county, 1 each to Cas- 
sius M. Clay, Starke Taylor, Sam'l R. 
Bullock as executor of Satterwhite, Rich- 
ard Pindell, Thos. Christian, Alex. Prew- 
itt, Mr. Chinn, Mr. Wardlow, and others. 

Sept. 16— Ohio river at a lower stage of 
water than for ten years previous. 

Sept. 30— Col. Edward Brooks reaches 
Frankfort with the bones of the brave 
Kentuckians who were massacred by the 
Indians at the River Raisin, Jan. 18, 1812, 
which are interred in the state cemetery. 
They had been found in a common grave, 
and upturned, while digging down a street 
in Monroe, Michigan. The skulls were 
all cloven with the tomahawk, and an 
aged French citizen, a survivor of the 
massacre, knew them as the bones of the 
unfortunate Kentuckians, because be re- 
membered the spot where they were buried. 

Oct. 7— About 40 negroes in Woodford 
county have been furnished with free 
passes by abolitionists, and are to steal 
horses and ride off to Ohio to-night, but 
the plot is discovered and defeated. 

Nov. 7— Vote for president and vice- 
president: Zaehary Taylor and Millard 
Fillmore 67,486, Lewis Cass and Wm. 0. 
Butler 49,865— majority 17,524. 

1849, Jan. 2— The house of representa- 
tives, on the 22d ballot, elects Gwyn 
Page, of Louisville, speaker: Page 61, 
Mark E. Huston 30. The Whig vote pre- 
viously had been divided between George 
Robertson, 32 voles, and Willis 6. Hughes, 
24 votes— the friends of neither yielding 
their preference, until the withdrawal of 
Judge Robertson on the 21st ballot, when 
they united on Mr. Page. 

Jan. 3— Gen. Thos. Metcalfe elected 
U. S. senator until March 4, 1849 ; he now 
holds the office by appointment of the gov- 
ernor ; he received 88 votes. Col. Lazarus 
W. Powell 38. 

Jan. 13 — Act passed the legislature " to 
call a convention for the purpose of re- 
adopting, amending or changing the con- 



58 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Btitution of the state," at Frankfort, Oct. 
1, 1849. 

Jan. 14— Very heavy rains for 48 hours, 
in northern and eastern Ky. ; the Oliio 
river rises 20 feet in 24 hours, and the 
Licking is 2 feet higher than ever known ; 
many mills washed off and much damage 



,er d'esi 



the 



for 



i the I 



7 0{i 



pioneer and first settler of Jlaysville and 
of Northern Kentucky; they raise the 
funds to pay for the monument, decide 
upon its plan, and obtain the consent (Feb. 
6) of his only surviving son, of Mr. Mc- 
Chord, a son-in-law, and of the other 
members of the family, to the removal of 
his remains from Ohio to the spot thus 
proposed. [The praiseworthy purpose 
was subsequently abandoned. Why, we 
know not.— Ed.] 

Jan. 24— Earthquake at Hickman, Ky. ; 
very sensibly felt for some seconds, and 
the rumbling sound distinctly heard for 
nearly a minute. 

Feb. 1— Henry Clay elected U. S. sena- 
tor for six years from March 1, 1849 : Clay 
92, Richard M. Johnson 45. 

Feb. 3— The Ky. house of representa- 
tives, by ayes 9.3, nays 0, adopt the fol- 

" Resolved, That we, the representatives 
of the people of Kentucky, are opposed to 
abolition or emancipation of slavery in anj' 
form or shape whatever, except as now 
provided for by the constitution and laws 
of the state." 

Feb. 3 — Steamboat Hibornia No. 2 
makes a (racing) trip from Cincinnati to 
Pittsburg in 47 hours 8 minutes— not so 
good time by nearly 4 hours as that of the 
Telegraph No. 2, in her recent race with the 
Brilliant. 

Feb. 9— Second boat-load of coal ever 
brought down Licking river, reaches 
Lower Blue Licks, and the coal, 900 bush- 
els, is wagoned to Paris. The first load 
was brought down, in the spring of 1848, 
to Claysville, and the coal wagoned recent- 
ly to Cynthiana, and sold at 21 cents p«r 
bushel. Both loads were from Morgan 
county, near West Liberty. 

Feb. 12 — Emancipation meeting at 
Maysville, and, next day, one at Louis- 
ville ; the beginning of a very earnest and 
exciting canvass for delegates to the con- 
vention to amend the constitution, the 
gradual emancipation of slaves forming 
one of the leading topics of public, private, 
and newspaper discussions. 

Gen. Zachary Taylor, president-elect, 
on his way to Washington city, by special 
invitation'visits Louisville, Feb. 11, Frank- 
fort, Feb. 13, and Maysville, Feb. 17. He 
is received with distinguished considera- 
tion by the governor and legislature, and 
with great enthusiasm by the people every- 
where. He had been for forty years a cit- 
izen of Jefi'erson county, near Louisville ; 
and, as his first otEcial duty as a lieuten- 



ant, was stationed at Washington, Mason 
county, for recruiting purposes, in 1809. 

Feb. 12 — Supreme Court of Pennsylva- 
nia confirms the decree of the Philadelphia 
court of common pleas, in favor of the 
whole claim of the Bank of Kentucky va. 
the Schuylkill Bank, for $1,343,500; but 
the assets of the latter hank amount to only 
$430,000— making the loss of the former 
over $900,000. 

Feb. 19— Act passed directing that " the 
following names of battles and campaigns 
be inscribed upon the bands of the Milita- 
ry Monument: Boonshorough, Blue Licks, 
Estill's Defeat. St. Clair's Defeat, Har- 
mar's Defeat, Wayne's Campaign, Indian 
AVars, Tippecanoe, Raisin, Mississiniway, 
Fort Meigs, Thames, New Orleans, Mon- 
terey, Cerro Gordo, Buena Vista, Mexico; 
that the names of such distinguished citi- 
zens of Kentucky as fell in said battles, 
campaigns and Indian wars be inscribed 
on the shaft, beneath said bands ; and 
that the dedication on the monument shall 
show that it is erected by a grateful coun- 
try in honor of the private soldiers, equal- 
ly with that of the officers." 24— Law 

of 1833 amended, so as no longer to pro- 
hibit persons from purchasing and bring- 
ing into the state slaves for their own use. 
26- Two acts for the benefit of com- 
mon schools ; one section ** forever sets 
apart and dedicates, as an addition.al fund 
for common schools, the net proceeds 
arising from the Kentucky, Green and 

Barren river n.avigation." 27 — An 

act requires all claims against the estates 
of deceased persons to be purged of usury. 

March 20— Great storm in central Ky., 
extending through Nelson, Shelby, Mercer, 
Woodford, Jessamine, Fayette, and other 
counties ; in Nelson, accompanied with 
loss of life and limb, and there and in 
Shelby with a serious destruction of prop- 
erty ; at Shelbyville, partially or entirely 
unroofing, or throwing down the walls of, 
Masonic hall, colored Baptist church, rope 
walk, mechanics' shops, dwellings, stables, 
carri.nge houses, and other buildings. 

March 28— The Washington city Na- 
tional Intelligencer, of this date, contains 
a letter from a distinguished New England 
democrat. Hon. Wm. C. Bradlev, on the 
old exploded but oft revived calumny of 
"bargain and intrigue" between Henry 
Clay and John Quincy Adams. Mr. B. 
was a supporter of Mr. Clay at the election 
in 1824, and afterwards held a conversa- 
tion with him on the subject of the elec- 
tion ; in which Mr. Clay expressed himself 
freely, and declared that he could not and 
would not vote for Gen. Jackson, and that 
Mr. Crawford's health precluded the idea 
of his election ; thus, he felt himself 
obliged to vote for Mr. Adams. On being 
informed of this, Mr. Adams requested an 
interview with Mr. Clay, but was refused 
by the latter. The letter of Mr.Bradley says: 

" Circumstances soon after placed me 
very une.\pectedly in violent opposition to 
that a.lministration. But from that time 
to this, when called upon, I have never 



1850. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



59 



hesitated to repel the insinuation that Mr. 
Clay's support of Mr. Adams was procured 
by any bargain or intrigue whatever be- 
tween them ; and of this I gave you, when 
here, an instance. At the Democratic con- 
vention at Baltimore which nominated 
Mr. Van Buren for vice-president, being 
on the committee of one member from 
each state to prep.are an address, when one 
was presented and afterwards read by the 
secretary, (the present U. S. senator, John 
A. Dix,) in which this very imputation 
was more than insinuated, I hastened to 
declare that I could not in conscience and 
honor approve, or consent to subscribe to, 
such a paper — because my intimate per- 
sonal acquaintance with the whole trans- 
action enabled me to say that the charge 
was untrue and unjust. You may remem- 
ber that no address issued from that con- 
April 5— In the circuit court of Fulton 
county, Col. J. Leigh, arraigned for ac- 
cepting a challenge to tight a duel, is found 
guilty, and fined $150. 

April 23 — Steamboat Belle Key arrives 
at Louisville in 4 days 23 hours 7 minutes 
from New Orleans. Time to Vicksburg, 
33 h. 20 min. ; to Memphis, 2 days 17 h. 
65 min. ; to Cairo, 3 days 14 h. 65 min. 

April 24— Two mules on exhibition in 
Cincinnati, 4 years old, each 18 hands 
high, and together weighing 3,000 pounds, 
raised by Mr. Thomas, Scott co., Ky. 

April 25 — State Emancipation conven- 
tion, at Frankfort, recommends that these 
two points be insisted on in the new con- 
stitution, and that candidates be run in 
every county favorable to these or similar 
provisions: 1. The absolute prohibition 
of the importation of any more slaves into 
Ky. ; 2. The complete power to enforce and 
perfect, under the new constitution, when- 
ever the people desire it, a system of grad- 
ual prospective emancipation of slaves. 

May 10— Population of Maysville, by a 
census just taken, 4,569. 

May H — Elder Alexander Campbell, 
of Bethany, Va., in his Millennial Harbin- 
ger for May, addresses "A Tract to the 
People of Kentucky," on the emancipa- 
tion question. 

May 31 — During this month, deaths 
from cholera at Maysville 19, elsewhere in 
Mason county 26; in Augusta 2, in Ver 
sallies 1, in Georgetown 2, in Burlington, 
Boone county, 1, in the lunatic asylum at 
Lexington 14. 

June 15— Fatal rencontre at a public 
speaking at Foxtown, Madison county, be- 
tween Capt. Cassius M. Clay, on one side, 
and Cyrus Turner, a representative in the 
legislature from that county last winter, 
and others, in which Clay was dangerously 
stabbed by some unknown party, and Tur- 
ner fatally stabbed by Clay, dying in 34 
hours. 

Large emigration, during last three 
months, from Ky. to California, in search 
of rich placers of gold ; trip across the 
plains made in 85 to 100 days from Inde- 
pendence, Missouri. 



June 30 — Deaths by cholera, during this 
month, at Maysville and vicinity 34, at 
Lexington 21, at the Eastern lunatic asy- 
lum near Lexington 33, at Louisville 60, 
and a few at Bowling Green and other 
points ; at Cincinnati, Ohio, 1098. 

July 31— During this month, 112 deaths 
by cholera occurred at Maysville, 11 in 
Harlow Yancey's family in Mason county, 
217 at Lexington, 36 in Fayette county, 
59 at Paris, 141 at Louisville, 16 at Rich- 
mond, 14 at Paducah, about 40 at Coving- 
ton, and 1859 at Cincinnati. 

Aug. 8 — To congress, 6 whigs and 4 
democrats elected ; to the convention to re- 
vise the constitution, 48 whigs and 52 dem- 
ocrats ; to the state senate, 26 whigs and 
12 democrats; and to the house of repi-e- 
sentatives, 58 whigs and 42 democrats. 

Aug 31— During this month, 73 deaths 
from cholera in Lexington, 23 in Paris, 36 
in Richmond, 9 in Danville, and many in 
the smaller towns and through the country. 

Sept. 28— The woods all through north- 
ern and central Ky. swarming with squir- 
rels, who ravage the cornfields and most 
of the forest. A similar visitation oc- 
curred in 1833, just after the cholera dis- 
appeared. 

Oct. 1— Convention to revise the consti- 
tution organized, at Frankfort, by electing 
James Guthrie president: Guthrie (demo- 
crat) 50, Archibald Dixon, (whig) 43. 
Among the members, are 42 lawyers, 36 
farmers, 9 physicians, 4 merchants, 3 
clerks, 2 preachers, 1 hotel-keeper, and one 

Oct. 2— News just received from Hun- 
gary of the hanging, by the Austrian ty- 
rant. Gen. Haynau, of the bishop of Et- 
lau and 60 Hungarian ministers of the 
gospel, who were charged with praying 
for the success of their country's cause. 

Deo. 31 — Gov. Crittenden's message 
shows the debt of the state, on Nov. 1, 
1849, $4,497,652 ; which could be reduced 
at any time $1,270,000, by the sale of the 
stock in the Ky. banks owned by the state. 
$112,329 of the state debt had been paid 
off since Jan., 1848. Besides the above, 
the state pays interest at 5 per cent on the 
school fund bonds of $1,168,268 and at 6 
per cent on $67,500 more. The annual 
common school fund for 1850 is estimated 
at $150,000. 

1850, Jan. 13— Snow falls, 12 to 15 inches 
deep. 

Jan. 24 — The legislature requests the 
governor to cause a block of Ky. marble to 
be placed in the " Gen. Washington Mon- 
ument" at Washington city, with these 
words engraved on it : " Under the aus- 
pices of Heaven, and the precepts of 
Washington, Kentucky will be the last to 
give up the Union." 

Jan. 28 — Steam job-boat Beauty ascends 
the Licking river 86 miles above Fal- 
mouth, and brings out freight. 

Feb. 15 — Legislature passes an act to 
encourage the organization of the Southern 
Bank of Ky., and extending its charter to 
1880 Farmers' Bank of Ky. char- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



tered, with branches at Covington, Prince- 
ton, Henderson, Bardstown, Maysville, 
Mountsterling (ind Somerset, and another 
ther at llussellville or Georgetown; 

pital stock $2,300,000 20 — The 

thanks and gratitude of the people of Ky., 
and a sword, tendered to sergeant Wm. F. 
Gaines, of Oeorgetown, "the boy defender 
of the glorious banner of the 2d regiment 
of Ky. infantry at the battle of Buena 
Vista;" his name to be inscribed on a plate 
of metal, and attached to the flagstaft' of 

the colors 26 — Limited i)artnerships 

authorized The governor authorized 

to appoint 3 commissioners to prepare a 
code of practice, and 3 others to revise the 
statute-laws. 

March 1 — Legislature provides for a spe- 
cial election in May next, to take the sense 
of the pe<pple on the adoption or rejection 
of the new constitution $45,000 ap- 
propriated towards completing the new 
lunatic asylum at Uopkinsville, and $10,- 
000 for additional buildings at the Lexing- 
ton lunatic asylum 6 — Any deaf and 

dumb child (within certain ages) in Ky. 
may be admitted to the asylum at Dan- 
ville, at state expense, if the parents and 
friends can not or do not provide for its 

education and support while there 

4— $400 appropriated to Edward H. Nock, 
for the portrait of Gov. Shelby now sus- 
pended in the senate chamber. 

March 4 — Gov. Crittenden appoints, and 
the senate unanimously confirms, Madison 
C. Johnson, of Fayette, James Harlan, of 
Franklin, and Preston F. Loughborough, 

the rules of practice, and Ephraim M. 
Ewing, of Logan, Chas. A. Wickliffe, of 
Nelson, and Squire Turner, of Madison, to 
codify the statutes. 

March 15— John W. Finnell appointed 
secretary of state, vice Joshua F. Bell, re- 
April 4 — Shock of an earthquake at 8:05 
P. M., distinctly felt all over the state ; in 
Louisville, many persons fled from their 
houses into the streets ; no damage 
done. 

April 13— A fierce, driving snow storm 
in northern Kentucky. 

Population of Lexington, by a new cen- 
sus, 7,920. 

April 17 — Rain, h.iil, snow, sleet, and 
high wind, in the morning ; at night, ice 
forms. 

April 22— Burning of the steamboat 
Belle of the West, in the Ohio river, below 
Warsaw, Ky. ; 36 lives lost. 

May 2 — Explosion of the steamboat 
Ironton, half a mile above Vaneeburg ; 6 
lives lost. 

Large emigration from Kentucky to the 
California gold mines. 

May 7 — New constitution of Ky. adopted; 
for the constitution 71,653, against it 20,- 
302— majority 51,351. 

May 27— The governor of Ky. visits 
Indianapolis, at the invitation of the gov- 
ernor of Indiana ; he is accompanied by 
a number of distinguished Kentuckians; 



splendid reception, and enthusiastic Unioa 
speeches. 

June 3 — Convention to form a new con- 
stitution re-assembles at Frankfort, pursu- 
ant to adjournment ; 4 new delegates, 
elected to fill vacancies, sworn in: James 
D. Alcorn of Pulaski, Wm. W. Blair of 
Fleming, Richard H. Hanson of Bourbon, 
and Dan. J. Stephens, of Breckinridge. 
June 6, the convention adopts all the 
amendments projiosed by the committee of 
revision to the first three articles. June 
11, the convention finishes its amendments, 
formally proclaims the new constitution, 
ana adjourns. A national salute fired in 

Meetings held, in various parts of the 
state, to indicate the popular sentiment in 
favor of the Union, and of the compromise 
of the congressional committee of thirteen, 
of which Henry Clay is chairman. 

Population of the state (8th in point of 
population) 982,405; whites 761,413, for- 
eign-born 31,420, free colored 10,011, and 
slaves 210,981 ; of slave increase, the ratio 
is 15^ per cent., and of total increase, 26 
per cent. 

June 14— John Norris, of Boone county, 
Ky., recovers a judgment in the U. S. 
circuit court at Indianapolis, of $2,800 
and costs (about $2,000) against Newlan, 
Crocker, and others, for runaway slaves of 
Norris which he had recaptured at South 
Bend, Indiana, and which they then took 
from him by force. 

June 25 — Battle Monument completed 
and erected in the state cemetery at Frank- 
fort. 

July 9 — Death of the president of the 
United States, Gen. Zachary Taylor. 

July 30 — John J. Crittenden resigns as 
governor, to become attorney general in 
President Fillmore's cabinet. John L. 
Helm inaugurated as governor. 

Julv 31 — Defeat of the compromise bill 
in the" U. S. senate. 

Julv 31— Deaths from cholera since July 
23, in" Louisville 113, in Frankfort 23, and 
a Tew others elsewhere in the state. 

Aug. 5— To the state senate 25 whigs 
and 13 democrats elected, and to the house 



jpresen 



57 whii 



43 demo- 
ore found 



Aug. 15 — Specimens of silv 
near the Cumberland Falls. 

The Elizabethtown "Register" records 
the finding, among the sands of Rolling 
Fork, 12 miles from that place, of the 
thigh bone of a human being, which meas- 
ures in cubic inches .-^ix times the size of 
the thigh bone of a common man. A 
physician calculates the height of the 
giant of other days at 12 or 13 feet. 

Sept. 18 — All the pe.Toe measures re- 
ported by the committee of 13, known as 
Mr. Clay's "omnibus bill," and which 
failed to pass congress in a body, have now 
passed separately, and with but slight mod- 
ifications. 

Sept. 18— Death of Andrew Brand, " the 
Kentucky Fat Boy," at Albany, N. Y. He 
was 16 years old, and weighed 537 pounds. 



1851. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



61 



Sept. 29 — Congress passes a law grant- 
ing bounty lands (from 40 to 160 acres to 
each) to the soldiers and non-commissioned 
officers of the war of 1812, and of the In- 
dian wars since 1790, or, if dead, to the 
widow and minor children of such, and to 
the commissioned officers of the Me.xican 
war. 

Oct. 8 — Bourbon agricultural society pre- 
mium for best five acres of corn awarded 
to Hubbard W. Varnon ; his corn (a large 
yellow kind, known as the Mason corn) 
yielded 21 barrels and 3 bushels to the 

Oot.'lT— Great Union b.arbecue at Lex- 
ington to Henry Cl.ay ; he addresses several 
thousand men, during a heavy rain. 

Not. 15 — Henry Clay, by unanimous in- 
vitation, addresses the legislature, in the 
hall of the house, on the subject of the 
Union, and the late congressional adjust- 
ment of the exciting questions of the day. 

Nov. 19— Death of Col. Richiird M. 
Johnson at Frankfort, while a member of 
the legislature. 

Capt. B. Rowan Hardin, of Bardstown, 
Ky., murdered on the isthmus of Panama. 

1851, Jan. 4— U. S. supreme court dis- 
misses the writ of error in the ease of Stra- 
der & Gorman vs. Christopher Graham, 
brought up from the Kentucky court of 
appeals. The latter court had affirmed the 
decree of the Louisville chancery court, 
giving Dr. Graham $3,000 damjvges against 
the owners of the mail steamboat Pike, for 
transporting, without Dr. Graham's con- 
sent, his three negro men (musicians at the 
Harrodsburg s])rings) from Louisville to 
Cincinnati, whence they made their escape 
to Canada. 

Feb. 1— The state divided into 4 dis- 
tricts for the election of judges of the 
court of appeals, and into 12 districts for 
circuit judges 10 — County courts au- 
thorized to change the names of persons 

The close shaving, once a week, of 

the hcitds of convicts in the penitentiary 
prohibited hereafter. 

Feb. 4— The senate, by 32 to 4, and Feb. 
5, the house of representatives, by 74 to 16, 
pass an act declaring the sinking fund lia- 
ble for the principal and interest of the 
common school fund, and directing the 
payment of said interest by the commis- 
sioners of the sinking fund. March 12, 
Gov. Helm vetoes the bill, and to his own 
able discussion of the constitutionality of 
the act, adds the very full, able and lucid 
legal opinions of James Harlan, attorney 
general of the state, George Robertson, 
James Guthrie, John W. Stevenson, 
Ephraim M. Ewing, Robert Wickliffe, 
Blij.ih Hise, and Wm. K. Wall ; but the 
bill passes the senate, March 14, by a 
vote of 28 to 6, and the house, March 19, 
by 64 to 26, *' the governor's objections to 
the contrary notwithstanding." March 
22, the senate, by a vote of 19 to 10, and the 
house, by 54 to 18, pass a resolution requir 






the commis 



of the sinking fund 



to pay into the state treasury, by 10 o'clock 

A. M., of March 24th, the January install- 
ment of interest due on the common school 
bonds. An amendment, in the house, re- 
quires additional action by the senate, 
which body concurs therein, March 24, and 
on the same day the governor vetoes the 
resolution. An attempt is made to re-pass 
it, over the veto, but no quorum votes ; and 
the legislature adjourns sine die, 

Feb. 10— A bill, in the senate, to legal- 
ize 8 per cent, conventional interest is laid 
on the table. 

Feb. 12- The proposition of state aid to 
railroads defeated in the senate by 18 to 
12. The bill proposed to subscribe on the 
part of the state, as stock in the railroads 
named, provided a like amount be first 
raised and expended by each several com- 
pany : $900,000 to a road from Louisville 
to the Mississippi river; Louisville and 
Nashville, $500,000 ; Maysville and Lex- 
ington, and Covington and Lexington, 
each $200,000 ; Maysville and Big Sandy, 
$300,000 ; and $100,000 for a road from the 
Louisville and Frankfort R. R. to Danville. 

Feb. 13— By 57 to 31, the house of rep- 
resentatives adopts a resolution that it is 
inexpedient to branch the court of appeals. 

March 20 — $35,000 appropriated to finish 
the building of the Western lunatic asylum. 

22 — All U. S. government property 

in Ky. (custom houses, post-offices, court 

rooms, etc.) exempted from taxation 

The revenue made payable into the treas- 
ury on Dec. 15, instead of Jan. 15, as here- 
tofore A code of civil practice estab-% 

lished 32 chapters of the revised 

statutes enacted 24— Slaves hereafter 

emancipated must leave the state ; and any 
free negro returning or coming into the 
state, and remaining over 30 days, to be 
arrested for felony .and punished by con- 
finement in the penitentiary not longer 

than one year The general court 

abolished, and its powers and jurisdiction 
transferred to the F'ranklin circuit court. 

Mason, Fayette, Bourbon, and other 
counties, and Lexington, Louisville, Cov- 
ington and Maysville, at some time during 
this year, make subscriptions to railroads, 
issuing bonds in payment therefor. March 
10, in Lexington, Rev. Robert J. Breckin- 
ridge, D. D., makes a speech against the 
policy and constitutionality of such sub- 
scriptions, and is replied to by ex-Chief 
Justice Geo. Robertson, and by Col. Thos. 

B. Stevenson, editor of the Maysville 
Eagle ; debate very able and exciting. 

May 1 — Continuation of the coldest 
spring ever known in northern Ky. ; heavy 
black frost, the most severe since April 26, 
1834, destroying whole orchards of fruit, 
the grapes, and many tender trees; fires 
and overco.ats indispensable to personal 
comfort; thermometer 20" to 28° above 

May 12— First election under the new 
constitution ; 4 judges and a clerk of the 
court of appeals, 12 circuit court judges 
and 12 commonwealth's attorneys, .and in 
each county a county judge, county clerk, 



62 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1851. 



county attorney, circuit clerk, sheriff, jailer, 
assessor, coroner, surveyor, justices of the 
peace, and constables, elected by the peo- 
ple. James Simpson from the 1st district, 
Thos. A. Marshall from the 2d, B. Mills 
Crenshaw from the third, and Elijah Hise 
from the 4th, elected judges of tne court of 
appeals, and Philip Swigert clerk. 

June 26 — Lieutenant John D. Lang- 
horne, of the U. S. surveying steamer Gal- 
latin, saves the lives of twenty deck pas- 
sengers of the bark Savannah, consumed 
by fire off the coast of Georgia. Lieut. L. 
is a citizen of Maysville, Ky. 

July 1 — By act of congress, newspapers 
to he carried by mail, to all points within 
the county where published, free of post- 
age ; and single letters, to distances less 
than 3,000 miles, for 3 cents if prepaid, or 
5 cents if not prepaid. 

July 1 — Semi-annual dividends ; North- 
ern Bank of Ky. 5 per cent.. Bank of Ky. 
and Bank of Louisville each 43-^ per cent. 

July 17— Celebration, at Maysville, of 
the commencement of the Maysville and 
Lexington railroad ; orator of the day, 
Chas. S. Morohead ; another speech by 
Col. John S. Williams, pioneer engineer of 
the first public improvement in Ky. — the 
Maysville and Lexington turnpike road — ■ 
which was begun July 4, 1829, and was 
the first McAdamized road ever under- 
taken by individual enterprise, in the 
world. Col. W. helped to build, and then 
traveled upon, the steamboat Enterprise, 
the fifth which ever descended, but the 
first which ever ascended above the mouth 
of the St. Francis river on the Mississippi, 
and continued up the Ohio river to Browns- 
ville, Pennsylvania, where she was built, 
making (he trip from New Orleans to Lou- 
isville in 25 days; she was a stern-wheel 
boat, with one of French's swinging cyl- 
inder engines, and a small geared balance 
wheel ; she struck on the Falls, on her re- 
turn downward trip, and lies in the bottom 
of the Ohio river near Shippingport. The 
citizens of Lexington and Fayette county 
were toasted as the originators of the Lex- 
ington and Ohio railroad, the first one con- 
ceived west of the Allegheny mountains, 
and the second one in the United States. 

July 19 — Wire suspension railroad bridge 
over the Ky. river at Frankfort finished ; 
length of cables 585 feet, height of towers 
above ordinary stage of navigation 75 feet ; 
trains of the Louisville and Frankfort rail- 
road, which have for six weeks been run- 
ning to the west bank of the river, cross 
over to-day into the town of Frankfort. 

Aug. 4 — First election for state ofiieers 
under the new constitution. Vote for gov- 
ernor, Archibald Dixon (whig) 53,763, Laz- 
arus W. Powell (democrat) 54,613, Cassius 
M. Clay (emancipation or anti-slavery) 
3,621 ; for lieutenant governor, John B. 
Thompson (w.) 53,599, Robert N. Wick- 
liffe (dem.) 47,454, Geo. D. Blakpy (eman.) 
1,670; majority for Powell over Dixon 850, 
and for Thompson over Wickliffe 6,145. 
Richard C. Wintersmith elected treasurer, 
Elisha A. Macurdy register of the land 



office, Thos. S. Page auditor, James Har- 
lan attorney general, Robert J. Breckin- 
ridge superintendent of public instruction, 
David R. Haggard president board of inter- 
n.al improvement — all whigs, except the 
governor. To congress, 5 whigs and 5 
democrats elected ; to the senate, 20 whigs, 
18 democrats ; and to the house of repre- 
sentatives, 55 whigs, 45 democrats. Only 
111,997 votes are cast, out of 153,095 
voters in the state. 

Aug. 15 — A silver mine reported to have 
been discovered in Muhlenburg county. 

Aug. 15— Col. Wm. L. Crittenden, of 
Louisville, Capt. Victor Kerr, — . Green, 
— . Standeford, John Fisher, Gilman A. 
Cook, and 44 others, nearly all Kentuck- 
ians under his command — deceived by 
Gen. Lopez into the belief that the "pa- 
triots " of Cuba were engaged in a revolu- 
tion for freedom — engage in an armed 
expedition which invades the island ; two 
days after landing, they are attacked by 
700 Spanish troops, and after a gallant 
fight captured, and, next day, shot; of 80 
others of his command, captured with him, 
77 were afterward shot. The U. S. gov- 
ernment promptly dispatched the steam 
frigate Saranac, Com. Parker, to inquire 
into the circumstances ; President Fillmore 
recalls Mr. Owen, consul at Havana, evi- 
dently an incompetent officer. 

Aug. 16 — Deaths by cholera at Louis- 
ville, in last three days, 31, at Versailles 
6, at Cynthiana 3. 

Sept. 6— Fayette county, by a vote of 
781 for, 476 against, authorizes a subscrip- 
tion of $200,000 to the Covington and Lex- 
ington railroad. Aug. 4, the same propo- 
sition had been defeated, 917 for, 1,022 
against. 

Sept. 21 — Explosion of steamboat James 
Jackson, while leaving Shawneetown, Illi- 
nois ; 35 killed or wounded. 

Sept. 22— -Deaths from cholera at Cyn- 
thiana 11, at Grayson, Carter county, 3. 

Sept. 25 — At the Bourbon agricultural 
fair, at Paris, in a ring of 10 fat bullocks, 
the premium bullock (Mr. Inncs') weighed 
2,856, and the second best (Mr. Bedford's) 
2,844 pounds ; Ben. P. Gray's bullock, 6 
years old, weighed 3,506, and a 3-year old 
2,524 pounds. Two fat sheep weighed 
1,140 and 1,128 pounds respectively. Two 
jacks, one of them (Mr. Wright's) just 3 
years old, were 16 hands high, and two 
mules 16)^ and 17 hands high. 

Sept. 29— Burning of the buildings of 
the Kentucky Institute for the education 
of the blind, at Louisville. No lives lost. 

Oct. 3— Very able letter of Henry Clay 
to Daniel Ullman, Stephen Whitney, and 
others — discussing the compromise meas- 
ures and the doctrine of secession. 

Oct. 16— Meeting of the new board of 
commissioners of the sinking fund, at 
Frankfort; $225,000 of the state 5 per 
cent, bonds redeemed during the last ten 
months, at a discount of $31,383. 

Oct. 27 — Ben. Selby, state librarian, 
invites Ky. editors to send him a copy of 
each paper, and to join him in educating 



1852. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



the public up to the idea of filing and pre- 
serving, in tlie state library, copies of all 
newspapers published in the state — as 
" such a record will furnish to the country 
the very best history of the age." He will 
endeavor to procure an appropriation from 
the legislature to pay the cost, which will 
not e.'cceed $180, for newspapers and post- 
ago. 

The year 1351 remarkable for railroad 
progress in Ky. Roads from Lexington 
to M.nysville, to Danville, and to Coving- 
ton ; "and from Louisville to Nashville, 
under construction ; while surveys are mak- 
ing from Lexington to the mouth of Big 
Sandy, from Maysville to the same point, 
from Frankfort to Harrodsburg, from Emi- 
nence to Covington, and from Cynthiana 
through Georgetown to Lexington. The 
road from Louisville to Frankfort com- 
pleted. 

Nov. 3 — Suspension and assignment for 
benefit of creditors of the Lexington In- 
surance Company ; over $1,000,000 actually 
paid for losses incurred in the last two 

Nov. 4 — Gov. Powell's message shows 
the total state debt $5,724,307, less the 
school debt, of which the principal is never 
to be paid, $1,326,770. The state owns 
bank and railroad stocks worth par, $1,646,- 
020, and turnpike stocks worth about 25 or 
30 cents to the dollar, $2,694,239 ; besides 
her investment in river navigation. Total 
receipts into the state treasury during 
fiscal year ending Oct. 10, $641,388; of 
■which $149,715 was transferred to the com- 
mon school fund. No. of children in the 
state, between 6 and 16 years of age, 204,432. 

Dec. 2— Franklin and Mercer counties 
each vote $200,000 to the Frankfort and 
Harrodsburg railroad; vote in Franklin, 
622 for, 487 against; in Mercer, 375 ma- 
jority for the subscription. 

Dec. 8 — George Robertson and John 6. 
James, representatives from Fayette coun- 
ty, in a letter in the Frankfort Common- 
wealth, reply to the recent letter of Thos. 
F. Marshall, representative from AVoodford 
county, which insinuates that Henry Clay, 
through his friends in the Legislature, is 
endeavoring to destroy John J. Crittenden. 
They repel the insinuation as unfounded 
and unjust, and charge Mr. Marshall with 
endeavoring to brew ill feelings between 
the friends of Clay and Crittenden. 

Dec. 11 — John B. Thompson (whig) 
elected U. S. senator for 6 years, from 
March 4, 1853: Thompson 73, Francis P. 
Stone (democrat) 65. Thecontest has been 
continued, at intervals, since Nov. 17; 
during the ballots, George Robertson re- 
ceived as high as 27, Archibald Dixon 41, 
John L. Helm 16, and Humphrey Mar- 
shall 10 votes (all whigs), and Wm. 0. 
Butler 60, and David Merriwether 59, (both 
democrats.) 

Dec. 13 — Legislature passes an act to 
regulate the retailing of ardent spirits, 
which authorizes tavern license without the 
privilege of retailing liquor, and requires 
$25 tax on the latter if granted 27— 



Instead of first Monday in Nov., Legisla- 
ture hereafter to meet biennially on Dec. 
31st. 

Dec. 17 — Henry Clay resigns his seat in 
the U. S. senate, to take efi'ect the 1st Mon- 
day in Sept., 1862. 

Dec. 19 — George Robertson, in a card 
"To the Public," says he has "opposed, 
for 30 years, any agitation of the question 
of emancipation in Kentucky, and freesoil- 
ism in all its forms, and challenges the 
production of a single scrap of proof that 
he ever uttered or wrote a sentence favor- 
ing either the one or the other. The Com- 
promise [of 1850] was, in his judgment, 
just, equal, and proper; and ought to be 
considered a final adjustment of all national 
controversy on the subject of slavery." 

Dec. 22— Ohio river closed with ice for 6 
days. Deep snow. 

Dec. 23— Ten per cent conventional in- 
terest bill defeated in the house of repre- 
sentatives, yeas 22, nays 57. 

Dec. 30— Archibald Dixon (whig) elected 
U. S. senator, on the 7th ballot, in the place 
of Henry Clay, resigned ; Dixon 71, Jas. 
Guthrie (democrat) 58. During the ballot- 
ings, Geo. Robertson (w.) received 24, 
Chas. S. Morehead (w.) 33, James Harlan 
(w.) 6, and Elijah Hise (dem.) 69 votes. 

1852, Jan. 5— Kentucky banks declare 
semi-annual dividends: Northern Bank 
5, Farmers' Bank 5, Southern Bank 4, 
Bank of Ky. i}4, and Bank of Louisville 4 
per cent. 

Jan. 2— $43,000 appropriated by the leg- 
islature to the completion of the 2d Ky. 

lunatic asylum 3 — Commercial Bank 

of Paducah incorporated, with branches at 
Harrodsburg and Versailles ; capital $500,- 

000 7 — Revised Statutes adopted. 

$10,000 appropriated to aid in re- 
building Ky. institution for the education 

of the blind 9— Act to provide for the 

registration of births, deaths, and mar- 
riages in Ky $1,000 each appropri- 
ated as compensation to the commissioners 

who prepared the code of practice 

Governor authorized to borrow from the 
Ky. banks $100,000, if necessary to meet 
any deficit in the state treasury. 

Jan. 9 — Owing to a di9"erence between 
the senate and house as to amount of com- 
pensation to the commissioners who revised 
the statute laws, the legislature adjourned 
without making provision for their publi- 
cation in book form — although they take 
effect on July 1, 1852, and all other laws 
are repealed. Chas. A. Wickliffe, one of 
the commissioners, assumed the responsi- 
bility of, and made arrangements for, their 
publication. 

Jan. 9 — Louis Kossuth, the Hungarian 
chief, calls, with Gen. Lewis Cass, upon 
Henry Clay, while the latter lay sick in his 
room at Washington city. Mr. Clay list- 
ened patiently to his comments on the con- 
dition of Hungary and the situation of 
France, which Kossuth believed would pro 
voke civil war and perhaps a general revo- 
lution; and to avoid which, or control it 
for the greatest good, he hoped for the in- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1852. 



tervention of the United States in the 
affairs of Europe. Mr. Clay replied that 
no greater calamity could befall this gov- 

The vital principle of this country, he said. 
rested upon its republican character, as 
seen in the capacity of the people for self- 
goverhment, and in its practice of confining 
its action to its own duties. Our example 
was one of Christian progress; and the 
. United States, as the only living Republic 
and example of man's capability for self- 
government, was bound to encourage prog- 
ress and prosperity on this continent. All 
this would be endangered and destroyed 
by foreign wars, and with them all hopes 
of free institutions. Warming with the 
importance of his subject, as he proceeded, 
he stood erect and with much emotion and 
touching emphasis, said, " A dying man, 
I oppose your doctrine of intervention." 
Grasping his hand, as he bade him fare- 
well, he said, "Rod bless you and your 
family I God bless your country 1 May 
she yet be free I " 

Jan. 19 — Heavy snow, blocking up trains 
on the railroad from Louisville to Lexing- 
ton. During the night (Monday), Ohio 
river closes with ice for the second time — 
the only winter, within the memory of old 
inhabitants, when this has occurred. Ther- 
mometer at daylight, on 19th, 6° below 
zero, at sunrise 8°, at 2 p. m. 2°, at 8 p. M. 
15°, at midnight 30° below zero ; Tuesday 
morning, 20th, at 2 o'clock 30°, at 7 a. m. 
16°, at 9 A. M. 4°, and at noon it had risen 
to zero. This was at a point 11 miles south 
of Maysville, and at another point (John 
Moore's farm) onemile from Flemingsburg. 
At Flemingsburg it was observed 22° be- 
low; at Washington, Carlisle, Glasgow, 
and other points, 20° below ; at Hopkins- 
ville 14° below, and 6 inches of snow fell 
on Sunday, 18th. At Maysville, at day- 
light, Thursday, 22d, it was 1° below zero. 
The severe weather general over the coun- 
try : At St. Louis, 14° below zero, on 19th, 
and as low as 20° during that night. At 
New York, the E.tst river to Brooklyn 
frozen hard, and hundreds crossed over, 
but at 10 A, M,, 20th, the tide rose, break- 
ing up the ice, and 200 to 300 persons were 
carried away on floating cakes ; after an 
hour of most painful excitement and alarm, 
all were rescued. At Memphis, Tenn., the 
Mississippi was frozen so that persons 
walked 100 yards from shore on the ice. 
At New Orleans, weather the coldest ever 
known. At Nashville, several degrees be- 
low zero. At Baltimore, the harbor closed 
, by ice, and thermometer lower than ever 
/ I known. At Pittsburgh, on 18th, snow 16 
/ j inches deep. The Potomac river, for 3 
j I miles below the great fall, blocked by ice 
30 feet high. 

Jan. 20— Death, in Fleming county, of 
Mrs. Nancy Gray, widow of Matthew Gray, 
aged 102 years. 

Jan. 23 — Ohio river measured at Mays- 
ville, on the ice; width of water (at a low 
stage) 1500 feet, and between the top edges 
of the banks 1822 feet. 



Jan. 27 — Court of appeals, in Jacob A. 
Sl.ack et al. v>. Maysville and Lexington 
Railroad company, decide the tax to pay 
the interest upon the county bonds issued 
to pay for subscription of stock constitu- 
tional. Ben. Hardin, Thos. F. Marshall, 
John ^^. Mcnzics and Harrison Taylor at- 
tornejTs for plaintiffs, and George Robert- 
son, James Harlan, Henry Waller, Thos. 
Y. Payne, and Frank T. Hord for defend- 



29— The 



ce blockade in the Ohio, 
tha, and Cumberland riv- 
1 the same day. 



ithout 



Kentucky, Kana' 
ers breaks up, oi 
damage to boats. 

Jan. 29— Burning of Augusta college. 
Feb. 10— Presentation to Henry Clay, by 
citizens of New York, of a magnificent 
large gold medal, of pure California gold, 
and enclosed in a silver case, which opens 
with a hinge, in the manner of a hunting 
watch. On its face is a fine head of Mr. 
Clay, remarkable for its likeness and ex- 
pression ; on the reverse is inscribed: 
Semite 1806. 
Speaker 1811. 
War of 1812 with Great Britain. 
Ghent 1814. 
Missouri Compromisk 1821. 
Spanish America 1822. 

Greece 1823. 

American System 1824. 

Secretary of State 1825. 

Panama Instructions 1826. 

Tariff Compromise 1833. 

Public Domain— 1833— 1841. 

Peace with France Preserved 1835. 

Compromise 1850. 
On the silver case is represented, on one 
side a view of the National Capitol, with 
its contemplated enlargement ; on the 
other, the great commemorative Monument 
on the Cumberland road, above, and, below 
it, a view of Ashland and its mansion, the 
home of Henry Clay. 

President Fillmore, Jos. R. Underwood, 
(Mr. Clay's colleague senator from Ky.,) 
Presley Ewing (a representative from Ky.,) 
ex-Gov. Jas. C. Jones of Tenn., exGov. 
Hamilton Fish and Hon. James Brooks of 
N. Y., .and other distinguished citizens, 
were present at the interview at Mr. Clay's 
room, in the National Hotel, Washington 
city, where he h.ad been confined for several 
months by sickness. Mr. Clay, although 
weak and emaciated, stood up during the 
graceful presentation address by Daniel 
Ullman ; and read a beautiful reply, which, 
contrary to the practice of his life, he had 
written out. After the ceremony of pres- 
entation, and while freely discussing the 
elegance of the medal, and the appropri- 
ateness and fidelity of the designs, Mr. 
Clay remarked : " The artists have not 
generally succeeded well in taking my 
features ; but that has been in a great 
measure my own fault ; for my face never 
retains long the same expression, and espe- 
cially when I am under any excitement, it 
changes every moment. John Randolph 
once p.aid me a high compliment — not in- 
tentionally, for he seldom complimented 



1852. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



65 



any man — but, without intending it, he 
paid me what I esteem one of the highest 
compliments I ever received. He said that 
whenever a debate is coming on, if I can 
get a sight at Mr. Clay's face, I can alw.ays 
tell which side he is going to take." 
[This transition from the grave to the gay 
is so characteristic of Mr. Clay, that no one 
who has seen him in his hours of confi- 
dence can fail to be reminded of many an 
association that, while it kindles a smile, 
will be followed but too soon by a sigh.] 

Feb. 16— One of the three large three- 
story buildings constituting the Lunatic 
Asylum at Lexington, partially destroyed 
by fire ; 90 of the unfortunate patients were 
asleep in the building at the time, but 
were all rescued ; two of them, in their be- 
wilderment, went back into the building, 
and perished in the flames. 

Feb. 26— The board of aldermen of Lou- 
isville for the fifth time refuse to pass a 
resolution to invite Louis Kossuth to that 
city. His popularity and discretion stead- 
ily on the wane. He has been at Cincin- 
nati for two weeks past. 

May 6— Several deaths from Cholera in 
Union county. 

May 10— Novel duel at Eddyville : The 
challenged party named the terms — that 
they should meet at Dr. N.'s office, and be 
bled. Dr. N. opened a vein for each, and 
they bled until, becoming extremely weak 
and looking as pale as a corpse, they pro- 
nounced themselves satisfied. 

May 10 — Steamboat Eclipse reaches Lou- 
isville from New Orleans, in i days 18 
hours running time — the quickest trip ever 
made, having lost 10 hours in repairing her 
machinery. The steamboat Eeindeer ar- 
rived shortly after, in 4 days 20 hours 45 
minutes running time from N. 0. ; she lost 
one hour only. 

May 18 — Largest business in tobacco 
ever done in one day, in Louisville ; sales 
244 hogsheads, at $1.80 to $7.05 per hun- 
dred pounds — the latter figure for *' Mason 
county " tobacco. 

May 20— Survey of the Shelby railroad, 
from Hobbs' station on the Louisville and 
Frankfort Kailroad to Shelbyville, com- 
pleted. 

Thos. H. Benton, in a speech at Cape 
Girardeau, Missouri, said: "I never 
joined in the accusation of ' bargain ' 
against Mr. Clay and Mr. Adams. I con- 
demn the support he gave Mr. Adams — on 
the democratic principle that the will of the 
people ought to be obeyed. But on all 
proper occasions, and in the presence of their 
friends, I expressed a disbelief of the im- 
puted bargain, founded on my early knowl- 
edge of Mr. Clay's intention to vote for 
Mr. Adams — and I believe I knew it before 
Mr. Adams himself did. These declara- 
tions of mine went into the public papers, 
and came to general knowledge. Mr. 
Clay in consequence wrote me a letter of 
thanks for this "voluntary and faithful 
testimony," as he termed it. I will now 
read you his letter ; 



Washington, 6 Dec. 1827. 
Sir ; r have received a paper, published 
on the 29th ult., at Lexington, Va., in 
which is contained an article stating that 
you had, to a gentleman of that place, ex- 
pressed your disbelief of a charge injurious 
to me, touching the late Presidential elec- 
tion ; and that I had communicated to you 
unequivocally, between the 1st and 15th 
Dec, 1824, my determination to vote for 
Mr. Adams, and not for Gen. Jackson. 
Presuming that the publication was with 
your authority, I can not deny the expres- 
sion to you of proper acknowledgments 
for the sense of justice which has prompted 
to render this voluntary and faithful 
imony. 
am, respectfully, your < 



H. CLAY. 



Col. Th 



Benton. 



May 27— Steamer Allegheny, of the 
Pittsburgh and Cincinnati line, makes a 
trial run from Louisville to Cincinnati in 
10 hours 5 minutes ; to Madison, in 3 hours 

June 5— Gen. Friinklin Pierce, of N. H., 
on the 49th ballot, nominated by the Dem- 
ocratic national convention at Baltimore 
for president, and Wm. R. King, of Ala., 
for vice-president, on the 2d ballot. 

June 6— At Maysville, 51 deaths from 
cholera in six days ; 44 more, by July 13. 

June 21— Gen. Winfield Scott, of N. Y., 
nominated for president by the Whig na- 
tional convention at Baltimore, on the 53d 
ballot: Scott 159, Millard Fillmore 112, 
Daniel Webster 21. Wm. A. Graham, of 
N. C, was nominated for vice-president, 
on the 2d ballot. 

June 29— Death at Washington city, of 
Henry Clay, at 11:17 A. M. Telegraph de- 
spatches from the eastern cities state that, 
from every steeple, the bells are proclaim- 
ing the sad intelligence that the spirit of 
Mr. Clay is gone ; the flags of every nation 
are floating at half-mast, many of them 
covered with crape, and business is par- 
tially suspended ; both houses of congress 
adjourn without reading the journal. 

Henderson and Nashville R. R. Co. or- 
ganized, Archibald Dixon president; and 
the Louisville and Covington R. R. Co., 
laham Henderson president. 

July 5— David Meriwether (democrat) 
appointed by Gov. Powell to occupy the 
place in the U. S. senate made vacant by 
the death of Henry Clay. 

July 10— Burial of Henry Clay in the 
cemetery at Lexington ; funeral ceremonies 
grand and impressive; 30,000 people join 
in the funeral procession. Funeral honors 
at Maysville, and numerous other points in 
the state. 

July 13 — Occasional deaths from cholera 
throughout the state ; epidemic at a few 
points ; over 50 deaths at Hopkinsville, 
and the citizens fleeing from the place. 

Aug. 2 — James Simpson re-elected judge 
of the court 0^ appeals in the 1st district: 
Simpson 13,145, Kenaz Farrow 12,270— 
maj. 875. 



T...5 



66 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Aug. 2—30 deaths from cholera, in and 1 
near P.-iris ; 20 of them Irish laborers on 
the railroad. 

Sept. 24— Death of Hon. Ben. Hardin, 
at Bardstown. 

Sept. 25— Gen. WinfielJ Scott, Gen. John 
E. Wool, and Surgeon-Gen. Lawson, of the 
U. S. army, visit the Lower Blue Lick 
Springs in search of a site for an asylum 
for disabled soldiers — as required by a re- 
cent act of congress. At Maysville, Paris, 
Lexington, Frankfort and Louisville, they 
received distinguished honors. 

Sept. 27— Stampede of slaves across the 
Ohio river, 32 from Mason and Bracken, 9 
from Campbell, and 14 from Boone coun- 
ties. 

Sept. 29— John J. Crittenden delivers an 
eloquent eulogy on Henry Clay, to a large 
concourse of people, 3,000 of them ladies, 
in the Frankfort R. R. depot at Louisville. 

Sept. ^O— Geo. W. Julian of Indiana, 
"Free Democratic" (abolition) candidate 
for vice-president (on the same ticket with 
John P. Hale for president), and Cassius 
M. Clay, make speeches at Maysville, and 
in Lewis and Bracken counties. 

Oct. — Clark county votes a subscription 
of $200,000 to the Lexington and Big 
Sandy railroad ; and Cumberland and Casey 
counties vote in favor of a tax to build a 
railroad from Danville to McMinnville, 
Tenn. 

Oct. 26— Public meeting in Louisville in 
regard to the death of Daniel Webster, at 
Marshfield, Mass., on yesterday, 25th; 
Rufus Choate, of Boston, invited to come 
to Louisville, and deliver a eulogy upon 
Mr. Webster. 

Nov. 1 — Vote of Ky. for president and 
vice-president: Winfleld Scott and Wm. 
A. Graham (whigs) 57,068, Franklin Pierce 
and Wm. R. King (democrats) 63,806, 
John P. Hale and Geo. W. Julian (free- 
soil or anti-slavery) 265; maj. for Scott 
over Pierce 3,262. 

Valuation of real and personal property 
in Kentucky, as ascertained by the U. S. 
census marshals on June 1, 1850, $291,- 
387,554— an average of $391 to each free 

Nov. 2— Chas. Anderson (a native of 
Ky.) delivers an eloquent and glowing ad- 
dress upon the life and public services of 
Henry Clay, before the Clay Monumental 
Association of Ohio, at Cincinnati. 

Nov. 15 — Public dinner by prominent 
citizens in New York city to John J. Crit- 
tenden and to Henry T. Duncan of Lex- 
ington—the latter on a mission to raise the 
means of erecting a monument over the 
remains of Henry Clay. 

Dec. 21— David Meriwether (democrat) 
appointed by Gov. Powell as U. S. senator 
in the place of Henry Clay, and who served 
until the close of the session — claims the 
seat still, notwithstanding Archibald Dixon 
(whig) was duly elected, by the legislature, 
to succeed Mr. Clay from the date of his 
resignation, Sept. 6. The senate, by 27 
(19 whigs and 8 democrats) to 16 (all dem- 
ocrats), admits Mr. Dixon to his seat. 



Dec. 30— Ohio river at flood height, only 
10 feet below the great flood of 1832. 

1853, Jan. 3 — Semi-annual dividends of 
Ky. banks : Bank of Ky. 5, Northern Bank 
5, Farmers' Bank 5, Bank of Louisville 
i]4 and 2J^ extra. Mechanics' Bank 5 per 
cent. 

Taxable property of Ky. in 1852 $333,- 
181,512, an increase in one year of over 
$16,000,000; amount of revenue raised on 
this, $594,926. 

Jan. 12— Sales in Philadelphia of Bank 
of Ky. stock at 109, Northern Bank of Ky. 
at 111>2, and Farmers' Bank at 103. Feb. 
14, the first named sold at U0}4, and 
Northern Bank stock at 114. 

Jan. 16 — Samuel I. M. Major, Jr., be- 
comes editor and one of the proprietors of 
the Frankfort Yeoman. 

Jan. 27 — Cotswold sheep, with fleece 
■ • orted 



ods, i 



weighing from 15 to 
into Bourbon county. 

March — Several lots of jacks and jennets, 
of very large size and superior quality, im- 
ported direct from Spain — by Anthony 
Killgore & Co. or the Mason County Im- 
parting Association, and by Dr. J. C. Will- 
son, of Fleming county; the jacks were 
143^ to 15^^ hands, and the jennets from 
14 to 15 hands high. The first-named 
party also imports from Canada, whither 
he had been brought from Scotland, the 
stallion Clyde, a beautiful dapple grey, 17 
hands high ; he had taken 25 premiums, 
at as many exhibitions. An importing 
company organized at Lexington, 

March 23— Population of Covington, per 
assessor's census. 12,154 — an increase since 
1845 of 8,587. Value of taxable property 
$5,359,650. 

March 25— Steamers Thus. Swann, of the 
Louisville and Wheeling line, and Alle- 
gheny, of the Cincinnati and Pittsburgh 
line, in racing, mak« the trip from Cincin- 
nati to Maysville, 61 miles by U. S. survey 
measurement, in 5 hours 15 minutes. 

Wire suspension bridge over the Licking 
river, at Falmouth, completed; span 323 
feet, width 16 feet, total length 432 feet, 
height of towers 30 feet. 

Lithographic stone found near Hawes- 
ville and near Frankfort, the latter equal 
to the finest German. 

April 4— Mason county, by 105 majority, 
subscribes $100,000 to the Maysville and 
Big Sandy railroad. Paducah votes $200,- 
000 to a 'branch from that place to the 
Mobile and Ohio railroad. 

$75,000 Louisville city school bonds sold 
to August Belmont, agent of the Roths- 
April 18 — Death, at his residence in Ala- 
bama, of Wm. R. King, vice president of 
the U. S. David R. Atchison, of Mo. (a 
native of Ky.) as president of the V. S. 
senate, becomes ac^nt^^. vice president. 

May 8 — U. S. military asylum located 
at the Harrodsburg Springs, which are 
purchased for that purpose from Dr. C. 
Graham at $100,000. 

May 12 — Louisville city council agrees 
to submit to a vote of the people a propo- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



67 



sition to endorse the bonds of the Louis- 
ville and Frankfort railroad company for 
$500,000, to enable it to construct a branch 
railroad from Frankfort to Harrodsburg ; 
and also agrees to subscribe $300,000 to- 
wards the extension of said road beyond 
Harrodsburg towards Knoxville, Tenn. 

The will of the late Gen. James Taylor, 
of Newport, Ky., recorded in 26 counties 
in Ohio, because he owned real estate in 
them all. It covers 12J^ pages royal 8vo., 
closely written, and relates to property 
valued at $4,000,000. 

May 18 — Steamboat Eclipse reaches Lou- 
isville from New Orleans, 1440 miles, in 4 
days 9 hours and 31 minutes, running 
against a rise in the Mississippi. Her 
time, compared with that of the J. M. 
White, May 8, 1844, (until now the fastest, 
to Cairo and St. Louis) was, in days, hours 



Echpse. J 


M 


While. 


D. 


H. M. 


D 


H. M. 





9 27 






les 


19 46 





20 40 


" 1 


4 U 


1 


5 55 



To Baton Rouge 
Natchez, 277 mi 
Vicksburg, 401 ' 
J. M. White 48 hour 

sign 1 22 .Sa 

Memphis, 818 miles ... 2 9 55 
J. M. White 3 day sign 2 22 21 

Cairo, 1,077 miles 3 4 4 

Paducah, 1,124 miles.. 3 7 20 
Evansville,l,16I miles 3 18 34 
Creek above Hawes- 



lle. 



4 



Louisville, 1,444 miles 4 9 31 

The J. M. White's time to St. Louis was 
3 days 23 hours 9 minutes. The Eclipse, 
in May, 1852, made the run from New 
Orleans to Louisville in 4 days 18 hours 

M.ay 22 — Steamboat A. L. Shotw'ell 
reaches Louisville from New Orleans in 4 
days 10 hours 20 minutes— just 51 minutes 
longer time than the Eclipse, four days 
previous. The Shotwell's time to Natchez 
was 3 minutes more than that of the 
Eclipse, but to Cairo was 24 minutes 
less. 

Passengers by the Eclipse to Louisville 
who took the Wheeling packet Alvin 
Adams, reached Maysville in 5 days 7 
hours 15 minutes from New Orleans— the 
quickest trip yet made, notwithstanding 
the Adams delayed at Louisville 1}4 hours, 
and lost at Madison \}4 and at Cincinnati 
S'A hours. 

May 23— Chas. EUet, civil engineer, pub- 
lishes his plan for improving the naviga- 
tion of the Ohio river, by a system of 
reservoirs. Only thre« or 'four dams— no 
higher than those on the Schuylkill navi- 
gation—placed itcross the Allegheny, Mo- 
nongahela, and Kanawha rivers, above 
navigation, would be sufDcient to equalize 
the depth of water of at least five feet. 
" He hazards the opinion that less than 
$1,250,000 will suffice: 1, To supply the 
Ohio with a depth sufficient for boats of 
five feet draught; 2, To carry an open and 
permanent river navigation up the Alle- 
gheny to Franklin ; 3, To provide a slack- 
water navigation during three-fourths of 



the year from Franklin to the line of the 
Erie railroad in New York ; 4, To improve 
the navigation of the Monongahela into 
Virginia; 6, To e.ttend that of the Ka- 
nawha river for 70 or 80 miles above Point 
Pleasant; 6, Thus supplying water of un- 
rivalled capacity and permanence on nu- 
merous lines of steamboat navigation, and 
curbing most essentially the destructive 
power of floods." He gives the levels of 
the Ohio above tidewater, at the following 
places : 

Ohio river at Condesport, Pa... 1,649 ft. 

Glean Point, N. Y 1,403 

Warren, Pa 1,187 

Franklin, Pa 960 

Pittsburgh, Pa 699 

Wheeling, Va 620 

Marietta, Ohio 671 

Mouthof Kan.awharivei,Va. 522 

Portsmouth, Ohio 474 

Cincinnati, Ohio 432 

New Albany, Ind 353 

Mouth of Wabash river, Ind. 297 

Mouth of the Ohio 275 

From Cairo to Pittsburgh the average 
inclination of the Ohio is 5 1-5 inches, but 
from Pittsburgh to Clean Point, the incli- 
nation is 2 feet 10 inches. 

May 26— The Presbyterian General As- 
sembly (old school), in session at Phila- 
delphia, unanimously resolves to establish 
a tirst class theological seminary in the 
West, selects Danville as the location, and 
elects professors. 

June 29 — Thermometer at Loui.sville 
ranged from 98° to 103°, in the shade. 

July— 50 head of Durham cattle, 32 
sheep, one celebrated Cleveland Bay horse, 
and a Neapolitan sow with a litter of pigs, 
imported by R. Aitcheson Alexander and 
by a company uf farmers in Bourbon, Fay- 
ette and Clark counties. The cattle were 
selected from Lord Feversham's and other 
noted herds in England. 

July 25— Railroad convention at Rich- 
mond, attended by delegations from North 
Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee .and Ohio, to 
promote the construction of a road from 
Lexington to Cumberland Gap. 
July 27— Lexington lighted with gas. 
Aug. 1 — Five whigs, Ben. Edwards Grey, 
Presley Ewing, Clement S. Hill, William 
Preston, and Leander M. Cox, and five 
democrats, Linn Boyd, Jas. S. Chrisman 
(by 35 votes over Thos. E. Bramlette), 
John M. Elliott, John C. Breckinridge (by 
626 votes over ex-Gov. Robert P. Letcher), 
and Richard H. Stanton, elected to con- 
gress; 22 whigs and ]6 democrats to the 
state senate, and 65 whigs and 45 demo- 
crats to the house of representatives. The 
prohibitory liquor law succeeded in Boyle 
county by 162, and in Qerrard by 99 ma- 
jority. In Muhlenburg, the temperance 
ticket for all countv officers elected. 

Aug. 1— Thos. D. Brown, clerk of the 
Hardin circuit court, shot, not fatally, in a 
personal difficulty, by his brother-in-law, 
iJryan R. Young, ex-member of congress. 

Aug. 8—526 visitors at the Lower Blue 
Lick Springs. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Aug. 13— Thermometer 100° to 102=, ii 
the shade. 

A silk factory in operation at Newport. 
Aug. 25 — Remarkably fine t'ruit season 
Peaches grown weighing 9 to 9% ounces 
9}4 'o 10 inches in circumference, and sell 
ing for $10 per bushel; imperial gage- 
plums measuring 5 to 6J^ inches, and 
weighing 2 to 2^i ounces ; egg-plums 
weighing % of an ounce; yellow gage- 
plums, 7 to a pound, one weighing 2J^ 
ounces; apples 15J^ to 16J4 inches in cir- 
cumference, weighing 25)4, 26 and 31 
ounces ; two watermelons, 42 and 65 
pounds. 

A Ky. mule, 19J^ hands or 6 feet 6 
inches high, weight 2,200 pounds, sym- 
metrical and docile, on exhibition in 
Charleston, S. C. 

Aug. 19— Public sale at Brutus J. Clay's 
farm, near Paris, of the English stock im- 
ported by the Northern Ky. Importing Co. 
10 bulls sold for $1,000, $1,425, $1,600, 
$1,800, $2,000, $2,575, $3,005, $4,526, 
$4,850, and $6,001 ; 13 cows and heifers 
for $636 to $1,500, and 2 cows at $3,025 
and $3,050 ; a Cleveland Bay horse, Young 
Lord, for $2,800 ; Cotswold bucks at $710 ; 
$1,010, and ewes at $105 to $270; South- 
down bucks at $340, $400, and $755, and 
ewes at $180 to $350 ; Leicester buck and 
ewes at $60 to $52 each. Total cost of the 
bulls to d.ay of sale $4,835 ; they sold for 
$28,681 ; the cows and heifers cost $6,924, 
and sold for $20,230 ; the horse cost $889, 
sold for $2,800; the 17 sheep sold for 
$6,263. A few days after, Jas. S. Matson 
sold his imported bull, John O'Gaunt, for 
$4,000. 

Aug. 30— A comet in the west, visible 
to the naked eye about an hour after sun- 
set ; its nucleus of the brightness of a star 
of the third magnitude; discovered June 
10, and steadily increasing in brightness. 

Logan county, by 809 majority, sub- 
scribes $300,000 to the Louisville and 
Memphis railroad. 
Aug. 28— Slight earthquake at Hickman. 
Sept. 5 — The contributions from Ken- 
tucky to the World's Fair at New York 
attract great attention ; in hemp and to- 
bacco outstripping all the United States, 
as well as Bussia, Austria and Cuba. A 
bale of hemp from J. J. Hunter, of Lexing- 
ton, is remarkably fine in fibre and silk- 
like in texture ; a hogshead of tobacco 
from T.ibb, Taylor & French, of Dover, 
stands bare, and some leaves are shown 
3X feet long and 2 feet wide, which excel 
all others in appearance and quality ; and 
the "Henry Clay quilt" made by Miss 
Ellen Anderson, of Louisville, is exquis- 
itely beautiful and one of the most inter- 
esting and elegant objects on exhibition. 
Col. Wm. Shcpard Rand is the official com- 
missioner for Ky. 

Sept. 15— Shelby county, by 304 m.njority, 
subscribes $600,000 to aid the Louisville 
and Frankfort R. R. Co. in constructing a 
railroad from Hobbs' station, through Shel- 
byville and Ilarrodsburg, towards Knox- 
ville. 



Sept. 9— Stephen F. J. Trabue sub- 
scribes $1,000 to the Clay monument at 
Lexington. 

Sept. 20 — Ashland, the home of Henry 
Clay, in order to close up his estate, sold 
at public auction ; his son. James B. Clay, 
bought it, 337 acres, at $140 per acre. 

Sept. 22 — A mammoth ox, over 19 hands 
high and weighing over 6,000 pounds, ex- 
hibited on the Lexington Fair grounds. 

Oct. 6— Opening of the Maysville and 
Lexington railroad, at the Maysville 
end. 

Oct. 9— Great hail storm in Fayette and 
Woodford counties ; hail, in many places, 
12 to 13 inches deep ; corn crops cut down, 
fodder stripped off, and ears shelled of the 
grain : $100,000 estimated damage. 

Oct. 22— Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, 
D.D., LL.D., resigns the office of superin- 
tendent of public instruction. Rev. John 
D. Matthews, D.D., appointed his suo- 



Oct. 



-63 people of color. 



of 



west coast of Africa. 

Nov. 2— Wm. H. G. Butler, principal of 
the Louisville High School, killed by Matt. 
F. Ward, in the school room, in presence 
of the scholars. 

Nov. 15— Gre.at falling off, this year, in 
the m.anufacture of Bourbon whiskey. 

Nov. 18— Judgment in the Jefferson cir- 
cuit court, Louisville, for $5,000 in favor 
of Mrs. Waring vs. the Nautilus Insurance 
Co. of N. Y., for a policy upon the life of 
Rev. Thos. Waring, of the Methodist E. 
Church South — who disappeared mysteri- 
ously in Dec, 1843, believed to have been 
rdered near Elizabethtown. The Co. 
had refused payment, alleging their belief 
that he had absconded and was not dead. 
The jury in the case was not out 10 min- 
so convinced were they of his death, 
ithstanding the depositions of two 
persons who swore to having seen him 
since the date of his disappc-iranoe. 

Several Canada papers commence an- 

luncing, as news, the arrivals of runaway 

ives from Kentucky and other slave 

otes. 

Nov. 19— The ceremony of "breaking 
ground" upon the Lexington and Big 
Sandy railroad, at Catlettsburg; large 

owd and handsome speeches. 

Nov. 28— First inundated two-wire tele- 
graph cable ever laid, just laid across the 
"• ■ river at Maysville. A cable, of a dif- 
ferent style, across the Ohio and Tennessee • 
■ rers at Paducah. 

Nov. 26— Pulaski county votes, by 600 
majority, $200,000 toward a railroad from 

obbs' Depot, near Louisville, to Knox- 

lle. 

Dec— Joel T. Hart, the Ky. sculptor at 
Florence, Italy, has just finished three 
marble busts of distinguished Kentuckians, 
John J. Crittenden, Chas. A. Wickliffe, 
nd Henry Clay. He is .also at work on a 
full length statue of Mr. Clay, for the 
s of Richmond, Va. 



1854. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



New "Capital Hotel" at Frankfort 
opened. 

Dec. 5— Linn BoyJ, of Ky., elected 
speaker of the house of representatives of 
congress, receiving 143 votes; he had pre- 
viously been nominated by a caucus of the 
democratic members. David R. Atchison, 
of Mo. (a native of Ky.) is speaker of the 

James Guthrie, U. S. secretary of the 
treasury, in his annual report says that, 
under the operation of an act of the Ky. 
legislature, the 10,000 shares of stock in 
the Louisville and Portland canal have 
been bought up and reduced to 3,712 — of 
which 2,902 belong to the U. S., and 810 
to individuals. In one year longer, these 
810 shares will be absorbed, and the U. S. 
be the sole stockholder. Hereafter, only 
sufficient tolls to pay expenses and repairs 
are to be charged. 

Dec. 10— Nearly $1,000,000 have been 
invested by Kentuckians, during the last 
18 months, in real estate in and around 
Chicago. 

Dec. 12 — An association formed and 
charter obtained in Ohio to build a railroad 
from Dayton, by way of Blanchester, to 
Maysville, Ky. ; will probably pass through 
the towns of Waynesville in W.irren county, 
Blanchester, in Clinton county, and Fay- 
etteville. New Hope, Georgetown and Rip- 
ley in Brown county. 

Dee. 18 — Shock of earthquake at Hick- 
man, severe enough to throw down several 
stove pipes. 

Dec. 25— Regular trains running from 
Lexington to Paris, over the Maysville and 
Lexington railroad. 

Covington recognized as the metropolis 
of a Roman Catholic diocese, and a Cathe- 
dral church now building. 

Wire suspension bridge between Cov- 
ington and Newport completed, at a cost 
of $80,000. 

Dec. 28— Covington lighted with gas. 

Dec. 31 — Legislature meets. John B. 
Thompson having resigned the office of 
lieutenant governor, Henry G. Bibb is, on 
the 9th ballot, Jan. 2, elected speaker of 
the senate. Chas. G. Wintersmith elected 
speaker of the house, on the 4th ballot, 



31. 



1854, J.an. 2— In Maysville, the vote for 
license was 145, against it 159 — maj. 14. 
In Lexington, Jan. 7, the temperance 
candidates for mayor and council defeated, 
except 2 councilmen. 

Jan. 10— John J. Crittenden elected 
U. S. senator for 6 years from March 4, 
1855, when the terp of Archibald Dixon 
will expire; Crittenden (whig) 78, Lazarus 
W. Powell (democrat) 59. 

The sheriff of Powell county, J. A. Daw- 
son, pays to the state auditor the revenue 
of that county, without reporting a single 
delinquent. 

Jan. 14— The Detroit Free Democrat 
publishes in its market reports the arrivals 
of fugitive slaves— 20 from different parts 
of Ky. in ten days — at that place. Canada 
papers also report them. 



Jan. 16 — Fall of the suspension bridge 
at Covington. 

Jan. 17— Madame Sontag gives her first 
concert in Louisville. 

Jan. 22— Violent wind storm along the 
Ohio river; 15 coal boatmen perished, 110 
coal boats and over 1,000,000 bushels coal 
lost. 

Jan. 24— S. W. Robinson, of Greene 
couaty, on a banter, rides on horseback, 
without change of horse, from Munfords- 
ville to Louisville, 77 miles, over a very 
bad road, in 83^2 hours ; weight carried, 200 

Jan. 21— The citizens of Covington by 
vote authorize the city council to endorse 
the bonds of the Louisville and Covington 
railro.ad to amount of $600,000. 

At the New York crystal palace exhibi- 
ti(jn of the industry of all nations, the 
hif/heat premiums were awarded for the fol- 
lowing articles from Ky. : 1. Silver medal 
to the Newport silk manufacturing com- 
pany, for perfection and general excellence 
of silk from cocoon of Ky. growth ; bronze 
medals 2. To Miss Ellen Anderson, of 
Louisville, for patchwork quilt " Henry 
Clay ;" 3. To John J. Hunter, of Lexing- 
ton, for Ky. dressed hemp; 4. To Robert 
Usher, of Louisville, for beef, hams and 
spiced meats; 5. To Hayes, Craig & Co., 
of Louisville, for hats and caps. No second 
premiums were awarded ; the competition 
extensive and severe. Jan. 20, the Ky. 
legislature passes a vote of thanks to Col. 
Wm. S. Rand for his fidelity and energy 
as Ky. commissioner at the exhibition. 

Jan. 30 — Great excitement and indigna- 
tion at Newport, because of Judge Alvin 
Duvall's decision, denying the right 
claimed by the Newport and Cincinnati 
packet company to run their steamboat, 
Commodore, as a ferry boat between those 
cities, under a U. S. coasting license, and 
in violation of the ferry right of James 
Taylor and others ; an injunction granted 

Feb. 6— Great fire at Richmond; 18 
houses, a whole square, burned. 

Feb. 9— Preamble and resolutions, of- 
fered by D. Howard Smith, in reference to 
the public services and death of Henry 
Clay, draw forth some of the finest bursts 
of eloquence ever heard in the legislative 
halls. They direct the halls to be clad in 
mourning for the residue of the session, 
besides other demonstrations of mourning. 

Feb. 11— The eight per cent, conven- 
tional interest bill, which passed the senate 
by 17 to 16, defeated in the house by yeas 
40, nays 62. 

Feb. 11— Legislature appropriates $25,- 
000 towards re-building the Ky. institution 

for the education of the blind 18— 

And $7,500 for additional buildings at the 

deaf and dumb asylum 2.3— Cedes to 

the U. S. jurisdiction over the Harrodsburg 

springs for a military asylum Directs 

a sword to be presented to Henry E. Read, 
of Larue county, late ensign in Col. An- 
drews' regiment of voltigeurs, for gallant 
services in bearing the flag of his country 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



under the walls of ChapuUepec. 

Feb. 12— Three earthquake shock?, at 6 
p. M., at midnight, and at 5 next a. m., at 
Manchester, and for 25 miles around. 

Feb. 16— Public dinner at the new Capi- 
tal Hotel, Frankfort, to ex-Gov. John J. 
Crittenden, by the Whig members of the 
legislature and the AVhig citizens of Frank- 
fort. 

54 shares Northern Bank of Ky. stock 
sold, at Lexington, at $116.50 per share. 

200 persons join two Mcth-.iist .hurrhcs 
in Covington, 87 a Meth(.(list cliajjil in 
Harrison county, and 37 the Presbyterian 
church in Maysville. JIuch religious in- 
terest in other parts of the state, and in all 
denominations. 

Feb. 22— Got. .Tos. A. Wright, of Indi- 
ana—by invitation of Gov. Powell— is met 
at Louisville by a committee of the legis- 
lature, and visits Frankfort ; enthusiastic 
and handsome reception. 

Feb. 28— Shock of earthquake, felt at 
Paris, Lexington, Richmond, Barbours- 
Tille, and other points. 

Feb. 21— Gov. Powell vetoes the bill ap- 
portioning the state into 10 congressional 
districts ; the senate again passes it by 21 
to 12, and the house by 53 to 46, and it 
becomes a law ** the governor's objections 
to the contrary notwithstanding." 

Feb. 28— Gov. Powell vetoes the bill 
incorporating the Planters and Manu- 
facturers' Bank at Louisville — capital 
$2,600,000, with privilege to extend it to 
$3,600,000— with branches at Eddyville, 
Hawesville, Glasgow, Elizabethtown, Shel- 
byville, Cynthiana, Winchester, Barbours- 
ville, and Catlettsburg ; and also the bill 
changing the Deposit Bank of Covington 
into the Savings' Bank of Ky., capital 
$800,000, with branches at Springfield and 
Burksville. The house refused to pass 
either bill, over the governor's veto, the 
former by yeas 43, nays 45, and the latter 
by yeas 40, nays 47 ; but the senate passed 
the latter bill, over the veto, by yeas 20, 
nays 15. 

Besides these, the house had passed, by 
47 to 45, a bill to establish the Milton 
Bank of Ky., capital $800,000, with 
branches at Lancaster, Stanford, and Pres- 
tonsburg; it was defeated in the senate by 
a tie vote. Other bank bills were pending, 
or ready to be reported for action : F.ills 
City Bank of Ky. at Louisville, $600,000 
capital, and ono branch ; Northejistern 
Bank of Ky. at Maysville, $1,000,000 cap- 
ital ; a bank at Paducah, $300,000 capital. 
[It would have been wise if Ky. had 
sooner checked the tendency to increase 
banks and banking privileges, with the 
resulting inflation of currency. Illinois 
and Indiana have recently largely in- 
creased their banking capital, under the 
free banking system.] 

Feb. 28— Alex. McClintock, of Nicholas 
county, left standing in the rick, for one 
year longer than usual, part of his hemp 
crop — which proves very bright, 200 pounds j 



over, and 
Russia hemp. 

March 1 — Legislature appropriates $10,- 
000 to aid in the erection of a monument 

over the grave of Henry Clay 6— Act 

imposing fine of §100 for betting on elec- 
tions, and also forfeits to the state the 

money or projierly won Geological 

and mineralogical survey of the state or- 
dered, and $10,000 appropriated to pay the 
expense 7 — Vote to be taken in Au- 
gust, 1855, upon the propriety and ex- 
pediency of increasing the common school 
tax three cents upon each $100 of taxable 
property 9 — Code of practice in crim- 
inal cases established $17,500 appro- 
priated to rebuild that part of Eastern 
lunatic asylum destroyed by fire Sal- 
aries of the court of appeals judges raised 
to $2,000, and nf the circuit court judges 

to $1,800 $2,000 each appropriated to 

the commissioners who prepared the re- 
vised statutes, $500 additional to Chas. A. 
Wickliffe for superintending the publica- 
tion, full pay to the public printer for 
printing them, and $300 to Wm. L. Cal- 
lender for arranging the index and side 

notes $1,000 each [addition.il to 

$1,000 two years ago] appropriated to 
Madison C. Johnson, James Harlan, and 
John W. Stevenson (in place of Preston S. 
. Loughborough, resigned) for preparing 
and completing a code of practice in civil 

and criminal proceedings $1,250 per 

annum appropriated for the support of 
Cumberland hospital, $20,000 for the sup- 
' port of the lunatic .asylum at Lexington 
and $15,000 for arrearages due same, $15,- 
550 for the support of the second Ky. luna- 
tic asylum, and $44,017 for completing the 

buildings of same Price of vacant 

lands belonging to the state — in the coun- 
ties of Greenup, Lawrence, Carter, Pike, 
Knox, Laurel, Whitley, Rockcastle, Perry, 
Letcher, Owsley, Breathitt, Cl.ay, Harlan, 
Morgan and Pulaski — reduced to 23-< cents 

per acre 10— The revenue to be paid 

into the Treasury hereafter in December, 

instead of in January Any person 

carrying concealed deadly weapons shall 
be fined from $50 to $100, and on any 
subsequent conviction from $100 to $500. 
The carrying of such weapons made legal, 1. 
Where the person has reasonable grounds to 
believe himself, or some of his family or his 
pro])erty, in danger from violence or crime ; 
2. Where officers of the law carry weapons 
for their protection ; or 3. Where persons 
are requii-ed by business or occupation to 
travel in the night. 

March 8— $1,200,000 of Ky. state bonds 

held abroad, by foreigners S.alary of 

the superintendent of public instruction 
raised from .$750 per annum to $1,000. 

March 10 — Remarkably heavy rains for 
48 hours ending at dark. Ohio rising very 
fast. Flood in Licking river higher than 
since 1800, and doing immense damage; 
at Sherburne, Fleming county, the post 
office and other houses lifted from their 
fuundatiuns, and the mills and other houses 



1854. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



71 



greatly injured; stages u»able to pass be- 
tween Mountsterling and Maysvillc for 
three days ; much damage done by hmd- 
slides ; suspension bridge at Falmouth 
rendered impassable for several weeks ; 
Kentucky river rose 114 feet per hour for 
15 hours ; large part of Frankfort sub- 
merged ; on Eikhorn, Steadman's paper- 
mill dam swept off, with many others, and 
the inhabitants along the creek compelled 
to flee from their houses ; many bridges 
carried away, and the fencing along all 
streams : railroad tracks undermined and 
settled ; trains suspended for 6 days, on 
the Covington and Lexington railroad. 

March 12— Miss Delia Webster— who, 
out of sympathy for her sex, was pardoned 
out of the Ky. penitentiary, several years 
ago, where she was a prisoner for aiding 
the Rev. Calvin Fairbanks in the escape of 
.slaves — not long after removed to Madison, 
Indiana, and recently to Ky. opposite 
Madison ; .and with Rev. Norris Day, has 
assisted away many slaves. Large meet- 
ings held in Oldham, Henry and Trimble 
counties ; Miss Webster first requested, 
and then compelled, to remove from the 

March 13— Imported Spanish jack stock 
sold at Maysville by auction ; 1 jennet for 
$1,010, and 9 jacks for $635 to $1,040 each. 

March 13— Explosion of steamboat Rein- 
deer, when leaving Cannelton, Indiana; 
46 persons, deck hands or western-bound 
emigrants, killed or wounded. 

March 16— Great hailstorm and whirl- 
wind in Bourbon eo. ; hail fell to the depth 
of 6 inches, some of the hailstones as large 
as hulled walnuts and a few as large as 
hen-eggs. 

Population of Lexington 9,139— an in- 
crease of 778 in one year. 

March 16— Ex-President Millard Pill- 
more visits Frankfort and Louisville; at 
the latter city, a large procession escorts 
him from the depot to the Louisville Hotel, 
the mayor tenders him the freedom of the 



"y, 



abli. 



March 27 — Sharp words in debate on the 
floor of the house of representatives of con- 
gress, between Francis B. Cutting, of 
N. Y., and John C. Breckinridge, of Ky. 
A note from Mr. Cutting called upon Mr. 
Breckinridge to "retract the assertion [B. 
had charged C. with saying what was 
/a/«e,], or to make the explanation due 
from one gentleman to another." This 
was understood to be a challenge, and 
Breckinridge named rifles, fiO paces. Col. 
Monroe, the friend of Cutting, claimed that 
Cutting was the challenged party, and in- 
sisted upon pistols, 10 paces. This in- 
volved a dispute as to which was the 
challenged party, and led to a declaration 
by Cutting that his first note (several had 
passed) was not a challenge. Linn Boyd, 
Thus. H. Benton, and others very active 
in bringing about an explanation, and the 
matter honorably adjusted. 

April 1— Great four-mile race at New 
Orleans; purse $20,000 ; Lexington, a Ky. 
horse, wins in two straight heats in 8:08% 



and 8:04, beating Lecorate from Miss., 
Highlander from Ala., and distancing Ar- 
row from La. ; track heavy. April 8, the 
greatest race on record came off", four railo 
heats, purse $2,600. Lecomte wins in 
7:26 and 7:.38%, beating Lexington and 
Rube, and distancing Rube in the last 
heat; he wins the first heat by 6, and the 
second by 4 lengths. [For more than 20 
years, the race of Eclipse and Henry, over 
the Union course. Long Island, May 27, 
1823, was the quickest four-mile race on 
record — 7:37^. Over the same course. 
May 10, 1842, Fashion beat Boston— in 
7:32K and 7:45. Next year, March 29, 
1843, at New Orleans, George Martin 
made his fast race in 7:33—7:43. The sire 
of Lecorate is Boston, who made his fastest 
time with Fashion, above ; and his dam, 
Reel, who, Dec. 11, 1841, won a race at 
New Orleans in 7:40—7:43.] 

April 8 — Thermometer 88°, in the shade. 

April 13— A piece of wood from the 
stump of a locust tree in Rockcastle county, 
with the name of Daniel Boone carved on 
it, much worn but still legible, is presented 
to the Louisville Journal by Mr. Meeker, 
the landscape painter. There is but little 
doubt that the name was cut by the noble 
old pioneer himself. 

April 17 — Snow falls in northern Ky., 
one inch deep. [April 23, 1837, snow fell 
three inches deep.] 

In the legislature of California are 12 
natives of Ky. 

April 24 — Steameis Jacob Strader and 
Alvin Adams, riv.al Cincinnati packets, 
leave Louisville at 3 P. M., go out of sight 
in 28 or 29 minutes, and arrive at Madison 
together, locked, in 3 hours 39 minutes. 

April 25 — Newport votes against a sub- 
scription of $200,000 to the Newport and 
Louisville railroad. 

April 27— Trial of Matt. F. Ward for 
killing Wm. H. G. Butler in Louisville, 
which, since April 18. has been in prog- 
ress, by a change of venue, at Elizabeth- 
town. — closed by a verdict of " not guilty.'* 
Counsel for prosecution : Alfred Allen of 
Breckinridge co., commonwealth's attor- 
ney, assisted by Robert B. Carpenter of 
Covington, F. W. Gibson of Louisville, 
and Sylvester Harris of Elizabethtown. 
Counsel for Ward : John J. Crittenden of 
Fr.ankfort, Thos. F. Marshall of Versailles, 
Geo. Alfred Caldwell, Nat. Wolfe, and 
Thos. W. Riley of Louisville, John L. 
Helm, Jas. W. H.ays and R. B. Hays of 
Elizabethtown. Mr. Allen, in his closing 
speech, passed this high compliment, — he 
thought one man could not, in a life-time, 
make two such speeches as the one he had 
just heard from Mr. Crittenden. 

April 29— Over 8,000 people, in a public 
meeting at Louisville, in resolutions read 
by Bland Ballard, chairman of the com- 
mittee on resolutions (John H. Harney, 
Dr. Theodore S. Bell, Wm. D. Gallagher, 
AVm. T. Haggin, Edgar Needham, and 
A. G. Munn) denounce " the verdict of the 
jury in the Hardin circuit court, by which 
Matt. F. Ward was declared innocent of 



(^>' 



•w' 



72 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



any crime in the Itilling of Wm. H. G. 
Butler, as in opposition to all the evidence 
in the case, contrary to our ideas of public 
justice, and subversive of the fundamental 
principles of personal security, guaranteed 
by the constitution of the state." After 
the committee had left the room, other 
resolutions were carried, requesting Matt. 
F. Ward and his brother (indicted with 
him, as accessory) to leave the city, and 
two of their counsel (Nat. Wolfe, Esq., 
and Hon. John J. Crittenden) to resign 
their seats in the senate of Kentucky and 
the U. S. senate, respectively. In the 
streets, a mob burned the effigies of John J. 
Crittenden and Nat. Wolfe, of Geo. D. 
Prentice, editor of the Journal, (who had 
testified in court as to the character and 
manners of Ward,) of Matt. F. Ward him- 
self, and of the Hardin county jury which 
had acquitted him. It then surged to the 
elegant mansion of Robert J. Ward (father 
of Matt. F. Ward), which was stoned, the 
windows destroyed, the beautiful glass 
conservatory, full of the rarest plants and 
flowers, demolished, and the house set on 
fire in front; the firemen soon arrested the 
flames, despite the resistance of part of the 
mob. It than surged to the Journal oflice 
and to the residence of Nat. Wolfe ; but 
the determined efforts of a few leading 
citizens succeeded in checking its fury be- 
fore much damage was done. The mayor 
had announced to the crowd in the court 
house that the persons against whom popu- 
lar feeling was directed, had left the city 
with their families, and their houses and 
property were under the protection of the 
city authorities. Noble Butler, brother of 
the deceased, had issued a card to the peo- 
ple of Louisville, appealing to them in 
strong terras to stay the thought and hand 
of violence, and to act calmly and pru- 
dently. 

April 28— Great fire at Frankfort, con- 
suming every house on Main street from 
the Capital Hotel to the Mansion House, 
17 of brick, and sever.al of frame; loss be- 
tween $100,000 and $200,000. 

May 1 — David Dale Owen appointed 
state geologist, and Prof. Pvobert Peter, of 
Transylvania university, one of his assist- 
ants. 

4-i colored emigrants for Liberia in 
Africa, leave Louisville. 

May .3 — Grant Green appointed secretary 
of state, in place of Jas. P. Metcalfe, re- 
signed ; and Jas. W. Tate assistant secre- 
tary of state. 

Auction sale at Paris of 17 imported 
Sussex and Middlesex pigs, at prices rang- 
ing from $lfi to $150— averaging $59 each. 

May 6 — Steamboat Jacob Strader makes 
the trip from Louisville to M.adison in 3 
hours 19 minutes, the quickest ever made. 

May 14— Rattlesnake 6'A feet long, 18 
inches around, with 21 rattles, killed on 
the farm of Geo. W. Bowman, in Bullitt 
county, 4 miles south of Shepherdsville. 

May 15— Matt. F. Ward, in a card in 
the N. 0. Delta, addressed " to the editors 
of the U, S.," begs them not to prejudge 



his case, but to w.ait until the evidence and 
the arguments of counsel shall appear in 
an official form. 

May 26 — Great annular eclipse of the 

June 8— Barbecue at Cynthiana, cele- 
brating the opening to that place of the 
Covington and Lexington railroad. 

June 14 — Great sale of lots in the new 
town of Ashl.and, in Greenup co. ; 80 lots 
at auction at $150 to $510, and 120 more at 

June 24— By a vote of 1,252 for and 
1,741 against, Louisville decides not to 
build water-works. 

July 10— Deaths from cholera, since 
June 1 : at Taylorsville 2, Springfield 8, 
Hickman 25, Bowling Green 6, Shepherds- 
ville 19, Hustonville and vicinity 8, Mt. 
Sterling 17, Simpson co. 4, Brooksville 3; 
occasional cases elsewhere. 

John B. Poyntz, of Mason county, im- 
ports a fine lot of Devon and improved 
Alderney or Jersey cattle. 

July 11 — The grand jury at Elizabeth- 
town indict for perjury four of the jurymen 
on the trial of Matt. F. Ward. 

July 18 to Aug. 4— Thermometer ranges 
from 94° to 102° in the shade ; frequent 
deaths from sunstroke ; great drouth. 

Financial embarrassments thickening 
upon all Ky. railroads in course of con- 
struction. Some have suspended work 
altogether, others partially ; the condition 
of the money market prevents the negotia- 
tion of railroad securities ; several new 
projects, although having liberal county 
subscriptions of stock, abandoned. 

July 25 — City Hall, at Lexington, 
burned. 

Aug. 7 — Election for county officers ; 
Know Nothing ticket successful in Louis- 
ville and several other cities ; Henry J. 
Stites elected judge of the court of appeals 
by 5,283 majority over John H. McHenry. 

Aug. 7 — Hailstorm in Daviess, Ohio, 
and Breckinridge counties ; damage esti- 
mated at $25,000. 

Aug. 13— Sunday, 2 A. M., 1,100 kegs 
(27,500 pounds) gunpowder, in a magazine 
on the hill-side in the edge of Maysville, 
fired by incendiaries, and explode with 
terrific effect ; over 4,000 people within one 
mile, many hair-breadth escapes, a few 
persons injured, one dangerously, none 
fatally; one woman, ill at the time, died 
from fright; 13 houses demolished, all 
other houses within two miles more or less 
damaged, brick walls badly sprung, win- 
dows and doors blown in and shattered, and 
window glass broken ; loss and damage 
over $50,000 ; explosion heard at Poplar 
Plains, 22 miles, on a steamboat 42 miles 
up the Ohio river, at Hillsboro, Ohio, 40 
miles distant; at Orangeburg, 7 miles, 
china ware shaken off the table, and win- 
dows broken ; near Helena, 12 miles, ne- 
groes thrown out of bed ; 3/^ miles south, 
windows broken and a boy thrown out of 
bed ; the whole body of water in the Ohio 
river urged towards the Ohio shore, rising 
suddenly on that shore several feet; 1,600 



1851. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



73 



lights of glass broken in the Maysville 
cotton mill; stones weighing 102 and 43 
pounds and less thrown entirely across tlie 
Ohio river, into Aberdeen, over a mile 
from the magazine; the rattling of stones 
on the roofs and through the roofs and 
sides of houses and of the steamboat Huron, 
described as appalling; eight churches 
damaged, froip $100 to $1,100 each. $1,500 
reward offered for the perpetrators, without 

Aug. 27 — Sunday, about 12 M., a tre- 
mendous storm passes over part of Louis- 
ville, blowing down the new 4th Presby- 
terian church, two large brick warehouses, 
the gable end and upper story of several 
other houses, unroofing and seriously in- 
juring over 50 houses, and three steam- 
boats. In the church, while Rev. Robert 
Morrison was preaching in the basement — 
(the Upper room not finished,) the door was 
blown open, and the house filled with dust, 
rendering the room dark ; a crash was then 
heard, and in the twinkling of an eye the 
work of death and destruction was com- 
plete ; 16 dead bodies, fathers and mothers 
with their children, were recovered from 
the ruins, and 23 badly wounded. 

Sept. 14— Termination of the most re- 
markable drouth since 1839. In Greenup 
county, opposite Portsmouth, Ohio, is a 
water-mark called the " Indian Head," a 
human face rudely carved by the aborig- 
ines, many years ago, upon the eastern 
side of a large rock imbedded in the water 
of the Ohio river. The " log " kept in the 
neighborhood shows that the mouth of the 

1S39— Nov. 10, 10% inches out of water. 
1846— Oct. 4, 17Ji inches under water. 
1848— Aug. 15, i'A inches under water. 
1849— Sept. 23, top of head 4% inches un- 
der water. 
1850— Sept. 16, top of rock 2}4 inches out 

of water. 
1851— Sept. 27, eyes to be seen— the lowest 
measure on record from 1839 to 
this date. 
1854— Sept. 5, mouth just on water-line— 
therefore lower than since 1839. 
In Oct., 1838, the river was lower than 
ever known by any reliable mark, before 
or since (up to 1872) — being, at Maysville, 
10 inches lower than on Sept. 10, 1854. 
The little steamer U. S. Aid (the only one 
running, for a week past,) two days in 
making the trip from Cincinnati to Mays- 
ville. For several days before Sept. 9, the 
weather warmer than ever known, ther- 
mometer 102° to 104° in the shade; and 
at 2 P. M., when exposed to the sun, rising 
in a few minutes to 154°. But little rain 
for several months, vegetation parched or 
burned up, springs and wells nearly all 
dry, farmers driving stock 3 to 7 miles to 
water, and hauling water same distance 
for cooking and drinking uses. Ohio river 
forded in many places. In southern Ky., 
near the Tennessee line, the rain fall in 
June was 3J^ inches, in .July 1)4, in Aug. 
OK, and from 1st to 20th Sept. OH' inches 
—in all, only 534 inches; in 1853, during 



same ■ time, 21 % inches fell. Corn scarce 
and selling at 65 cents to $1. Many thou- 
sands of hogs sent from Ky. to northern 
Indiana to be fatted. 

Sept. 27— Death of Presley Ewing, mem- 
ber of congress from 3d district, by cholera, 
near Mammoth Cave. 

Oct. 16— Col. John Allen, in a card, s.ays 
that the filibustering expedition, 1500 
strong, which had been organijing at Lou- 
isville, has been disbanded, for want of 

Oct. 17— Failure of the Newport Safety 
Fund Bank of Kentucky. 

Oct. 18— Failure of the Kentucky Trust 
Company Bank at Covington. 

Oct. 19 — Bank panic in the west, more 
failures, and great run on local banks, 
banking houses and brokers. Oct. 24, 
notes of the Indiana and other Free Banks 
"thrown out" by leading city banks, and 
sold at a discount to brokers. Notes of 
Ky. Trust Co. Bank fall to 60 and 50 cents 
on the dollar, and Newport Safety Fund 
Bank notes to 35 and 30 cents. Commer- 
cial Bank of Ky. notes have been cried 
down, and a " run '' organized by the 
brokers ; but the other Ky. banks, resolv- 
ing to stand by each other, receive and 
protect her notes, and promptly break the 
force of the panic in that direction. Oct. 
27, the banking-house of G. H. Monsarrat 
& Co., Louisville, suspends payment, "in 
consequence of the perfidy of a confiden- 
tial agent." Nov. 8 and 9, great run on 
private banks in Cincinnati, all suspend, 
and several make assignments. 33 banks, 
including the two at Covington and New- 
port, Ky., one each in Georgia, Michigan, 
Delaware, Boston, and Maine, and the 
others in New York, Ohio, and Indiana, 
have failed within six weeks. The Ky. 
banks h.ave retired more than half of the 
circulation which they had out four months 
ago. One Louisville broker draws out of 
the Ky. branch banks at Bowling Green, 
Russellville, Hopkinsville and Princeton 
$140,000 in specie. Nov. 20, bank failures 
elsewhere than in Ky. continue ; Ky. bank 
notes standard bank funds throughout the 

Oct. 21 — Henry Fortman found guilty of 
manslaughter, at Covington, in killing 
Samuel Ea.ston, a lad 12 years old, son of 
Shadford Fasten, by throwing him down 
and stamping on his head, breast and side ; 
sentenced to 10 years in the penitentiary. 

Oct. 25— Public dinner at Memphis, 
Tenn., to Geo. D. Prentice, editor Louis- 
ville Journal. 

Oct. 26— Sale of cattle recently imported 
by the Ky. Importing Co., near Lexington ; 
the two-year old bull, Sirius, purchased by 
R. A. Alexander, of Woodford county, at 
$3,600. 

Oct. 28, 29—8 deaths at Louisville by 

Oct. 30— Weymer obtains a verdict, in 
U. S. district court at Columbus, Ohio, of 
$3,000 against Rush R. Sloan, a Sandusky 
lawyer, for aiding in the escape of four 
slaves from Ky. Attorneys for plaintiff, 



74 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Henry Stanbery and Chas. D. Coffin ; fur 
defendant, Hocking 11. Hunter and Samuel 
F. Vinton. 

Nov. 2— Know Nothing convention for 
the state reported to he in session at Louis- 

Nov. 8 — Re-interment in state cemetery 
at Frankfort of the remains of Gov. Chas. 
Seott, Hon. Wm. T. B.arry, and iMaj. Bland 
Ballard and wife, after orations upon their 

Dec. 1 — Yates, who was indicted for per- 
jury as one of the jurors in the Matt. F. 
Ward ease at Elizabethtown, tried and 
acquitted ; the indictments against the 
other jurors then dismissed. 

Dec. 14 — State temperance convention 
at Louisville nominates Geo. W. Williams 
for governor and James G. Hardy for 
lieutenant governor, at ensuing August 

1855, Jan. 1 — Ky. corpor.ntions declare 
semi-annual dividends as follows: Louis- 
ville Gas en. 5 per cent, Le.\ington Gas co. 
3, Bank of Ky., Northern Bank of Ky., 
and Farmers' Bank of Ky. each 5, South- 
ern Bank of Ky. 4J4, Bank of Louisville 
4)4 and an extra dividend of 2}4 per cent ; 
Paris Deposit Bank 6 per cent. 

Jan. 6— Know Nothing ticket for city 
officers chosen in Covington and Lexington. 

Jan. 6—4,000 bushels hemp seed im- 
ported at Mnysville from France and 
Russia, because of almost total failure of 
that crop last season ; 30,000 bushels or- 
dered by the agent, who visited England 
and France, Anthony Killgore, but could 
not be found. 

Jan. 8— M. Butt Hewson indicted by the 
grand jury at Little Rock, Ark., for hav- 
ing challenged Geo. D. Prentice, editor 
Louisville Journal, to fight a duel. 

Jan. 8— At several sales of slaves be- 
longing to estates of persons recently 
deceased, in the counties of Bourbon, Fay- 
ette, Clark, and Franklin, negro men sell 
for $1,260. $1,176, $1,070, $C378, $1,295, 
$1,015, and $1,605, to neighboring farmers 
■who need their labor. 

Jan. 14— Threatened famine in portions 
of Scott county ; public meeting at George- 
town "to devise means for the relief of the 
distress caused by the great scarcity and 
high price of provisions." 

Jan. 27— Death, in Breckinridge county, 
ofWm. Shernhill, a soldier of the revolu- 
tionary war, 103 years old. 

Feb. 3— The Ohio frozen over for 11 days. 

Feb. 6— The largest horse in the world 
now exhibiting at Louisville — " Magnus 
Apollo," from Perryville, Ky., 20 hands 
high, and of " extraordinary grandeur and 
majesty of proportion and appearance." 

Feb. 22— Know Nothing state conven- 
tion in Louisville ; Judge Wm. V. Loving 
(whig), of Bowling Green, was nominated 
for governor, and James G. Hardy (demo- 
crat), of Glasgow, for lieutenant governor. 

March 1— Several farmers in Clark county 
lose cattle from starvation ; others, there 
and in the surrounding counties, sell their 
cattle at half their cost two years .ago, or 



at very small prices — from want of corn 
and provender, and the high price of what 
little is for sale, the eifect of the great 
drouth last summer. 

March 3— Sale, by the Maysliek Import- 
ing Co.. of 13 Spanish jacks, at prices 
ranging from $392 to $870, and of 2 jen- 
nets at $326, $327. 

March 6— Attorney general Jas. Harlan 
institutes an action, in the name of the 
commonwealth, against the Newport Safety 
Fund Bank of Ky., to annul and vacate its 
charter for alleged violations thereof. 

March 24 — Snow storm in northern Ky. 

April 2 — The Ky. horse Lexington wins 
the great race against time, at New Or- 
leans—four miles in 7:19?i. carrying 103 
pounds; 1st mile, 1:471^, 2d 1:52>4, 3d 
1:511^, 4th 1:48%; Arrow and Joe Black- 
burn ran with him, to animate him in the 
contest; purse $20,000. April 14, over the 
same course, Lexington wins the four mile 
race, beating Lecomte 60 yards, in 1:23% ; 
Lecomte was not in good condition, and 
his owners gave up the race rather than 
let him run another heat. 

April 7— Thos. D. Brown, circuit court 
clerk, at Elizabethtown, shot and killed, in 
a personal difficulty, by W. S. English, a 
merchant ; the examining court " dis- 
charged Mr. E., as guilty of no crime." 

April 7— Know Nothing ticket successful 
at the city election in Louisville; John 
Barbee received 3,070 votes for mayor; no 
opposing candidate. Mr. Speed, the pres- 
ent mayor, declined to run, claiming that 
his term does not expire this year ; May 9, 
Judge Bullock, in the circuit court, decided 
that Mr. Speed is the legal mayor, although 
the other departments of the'city govern- 
ment had recognized Mr. Barbee. 

April 8 — Judge John L. Bridges, in the 
Marion circuit court, decides to be legal 
the ta.x levied to pay the subscription of 
Marion county to the Lebanon branch of 
the Louisville and Nashville railroad. 

May 8 — 52 colored people from Ky. leave 
Boston as emigrants to Liberia, Africa. 

May 8 — Occasional cases of scurvy, from 
want of vegetable food. Flour $10.50 per 
barrel, and potatoes $1.50 to $2.50 per 
bushel. 

June 2— Death of Mrs. Ann Jackson, in 
Montgomery county, aged 108 years. 

Frequent violent hailstorms, in middle 
and northern Kentuckv. 

June 6— .Maj. E. B. Bartlett, of Coving- 
ton, (democrat) elected president of the 
national council of the American (Know 
Nothing) party, in session at Philadelphia : 
Bartlett 90, J. W. Biirker of N. Y. 56. 
Aug. 16, Maj. Bartlett was elected presi- 
dent of the Ky. state council of the Amer- 
ican party, for the ensuing year. 

June 10— Chas. S. Morehead, of Frank- 
fort, nominated as the American candidate 
for governor, in place of Judge Wm. V. 
Loving, declined on account of ill health. 

Dr. David R. Haggard, president of the 
state board of internal improvements, in a 
report of the committee of the last legisla- 
ture, receives high encomium for his inde- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



7b 



the state the annual average of $6,880 
from the former and $4,031 from the hit- 
ter ; and realizing a revenue from the 
former of $17,946 in two years, and in two 
years and a half from the latter $17,440, 
where none was expected at all. 

June 16— Several deaths by cholera in 
Fayette co. ; 26th, 4 deaths at .Mayslick, 
Mason oo. ; July 23d, 10 deaths at Center- 
Tille, Bourbon eo. ; Aug. 1, -10 deaths, 
within a week, at the Lexington lunatic 
asylum, and a number among the Irish 
laborers and negroes in Lexington ; Aug. 
12, i deaths in Paris. 

Aug. — "Wheat crop unusually heavy and 
fine ; in Mason co. some farmers have real- 
ized 35, some 42, and one as high as 53 
bushels to the acre. 

Aug. 5— Death at the Gait House, in 
Louisville, of Richard P. Robinson, the 
supposed murderer of Helen Jewett; for 
several years past he was known as Richard 
Parmelly. 

Aug. 6— Election for state officers and 
members of congress. Vote for governor, 
Chas. S. Morehead (American or Know 
Nothing) 69,816, Beverly L. Clarke (demo- 
crat) 65,413— maj. 4.403; for lieutenant 
governor, Jas. G. Hardy (Am.) 68,104, 
Beriah Magoffin (dem.) 64,430— maj. 3,674; 
for attorney general, Jas. Harlan (Am.) 
67,639, Robert W. Woolley (dem.) 63,601 
— maj. 4,038 ; for auditor, Thos. S. Page 
(Am.) 68,171, Jas. A. Grinstead (dem.) 
62,478 — maj. 5,693 ; for treasurer, Richard 
C. Wintersmith (Am.) 67,494, Jas. H. Gar- 
rard (dem.) 63,136— maj. 4,368; for reg- 
ister of the land office, Andrew McKinley 
(Am.) 66,976, Thos. J. Frazer (dem.) 
63,132— m.aj. 3,844 ; for superintendent of 
public instruction. Rev. John D. Matthews, 
D.D., (Am.) 67,049, Grant Green (dem.) 
62,787— miij. 4,262; for president of the 
board of internal improvement. Dr. David 
B. Haggard (Am.) 67,289, Jas. M. Nesbitt 
(dem,) 62,780— maj. 4,509. To congress, 
6 Americans and 4 democrats elected ; to 
the state senate, 13 Americans and 7 dem- 



, who 



ided 



about 12 to 6 ; to the house of representa- 
tives, Americans 61, democrats 39 — maj, 
22. In favor of the three-cents additional 
school tax 82,765, against it 25,239— maj. 
57,526. 

Aug. 6— Terrible riot in Louisville, on 
election day; then designated, and still 
most painfully remembered, as " Bloody 
Monday." Fighting and disturbances be- 
tween individuals or squads, in various 
parts of the city. The most fearful and 
deplorable scenes of violence, bloodshed, 
and houseburning, principally in the first 
and eighth wards. Between 7 and 1 
o'clock at night, 12 houses were set fire to 
and burned, on the north side of Main, 
east of Eleventh, two adjoining on Elev- 
enth, and two on south side Main opposite. 
Patrick Quinn, the owner of most of them, 
was shot, and his body partially consumed 



in the flames. Numerous shots were fired 
by foreigners from windows in some of 
those buildings, which killed or wounded 
Americans in the streets ; this fact, with 
the exaggerated report that arms and pow- 
der were concealed there, excited to phrenzy 
a mob of Americans (Know Nothings) al- 
ready crazed with similar excitement, 
shooting and bloodshed on both sides, at 
other points ; several persons who were 
concealed in the buildings, or fled to them 
for refuge from the mob, were burned to 
death ; several were shot as they attempted 
to escape from the flames ; Ambruster's 
large brick brewery and his dwelling, at 
the head of JcS'erson, were burned; also, 
two Irish cooper-shops on Main above 
Woodland garden ; frame grocery, corner 
Madison and Shelby ; many houses were 
riddled or gutted. The mob which ranged 
through the streets and set fire to the 
houses was composed of Americans, part 
of them with a cannon at their head ; the 
foreigners fought from their houses, and 
lost life and property together. About 22 
were killed or died of wounds, about three- 
fourths of them foreigners, one-fourth 
Americans ; many more were wounded but 
recovered. Mayor Barbee, Marshal Kidd, 
and a portion of the police, and the per- 
sonal eff-orts of Hon. Wm. P. Thomasson, 
Capt. L. H, Rousseau, Geo. D. Prentice, 
Col. Wm. Preston (the anti-Know-Nothing 
candidate for congress), Joseph Burton, 
and others, at difl'erent times and places, 
stopped the efi'usion of blood, and saved 
the new Shelby street Catholic church and 
other valuabia property from the rapacit/ 
and violence of the mob. Bad blood on 
both sides, aggravated and intensified for 
several days previous by distorted repre- 
sentations of preparations for serious work, 
culminateil in a most terrible and disgrace- 
ful riot. For several days after, fears of a 
renewal of the desperate conflict and work 
of destruction hung like a funeral pall over 
the city. A card from Rt. Rev. Bishop 
Martin J. Spalding, and the steady efi'orts 
of many good citizens, gradually restored 
a feeling of quiet and security. 

Aug. 18— Death of cx-Gov. Thos. Met- 
calfe, in Nicholas CO., by cholera. Several 
other prominent citizens in different parts 
of the state, have died recently, of cholera. 

Sept.— R. A. Alexander, of Woodford 
CO., uiftkes another importation of 48 flne 
English cattle — Durhams, Alderneys, and 
Ayrshires— and 22 sheep. 

Sept.— During this and next month, 
agricultural fairs are held at Crab Orchard, 
Lexington, Danville, Louisville, Emi- 
nence, Paris, Russellville, Owensboro, 
Bowling Green, Glasgow, near German- 
town, Mason co., and near Florence, Boone 
county. 

Sept. 1 — Apples grown in Boone and 
Kenton counties : Mammoth pippins weigh- 
ing 19 and 22 ounces, queens weighing 
1% pounds, 16 Ji inches in circumference, 
and 2% pounds, 18 inches around, and 
Holland pippins weighing 1^ pounds and 
measuring 14)^ inches. 



76 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Oct. 25— Geo. W. Wells, of Mason 
has 20 acres of corn which will average 
180 bushels to the acre. 

Dec. 9— Destruction by fire of the Ky. 
Military Institute buildings, 6 miles from 
Frankfort. 

1856, Jan. 1— Northern Bank of Ky. 
semi-annual dividend 5 per cent, and an 
extra dividend of 3 per cent out of the sur- 
plus fund; Bank of Louisville 43^, and 
234 extra ; Bank of Ky. 6 per cent. " 

Jan. 10 — At 6 a, il., tberractincter 2t 
below zero ; Jan. 11, 7 a. m., 15° below. 

Feb. 6— Thermometer 15° below zero. 

Feb. 15— People's Bank of Ky. at Bow 
ing Green chartered, with $250,iK)0 capita 

Bank of Ashland, capital $400,000, 

with branch at Shelbyville, capital $200, 

000, chartered 23 — Pay of members 

of the legislature, after the terniinatioi 
this session, raised to $4 per day, and 15 
cents per mile in going to and from Frank- 
fort 27— Remains of Gov. Jas. Clark 

directed to be removed from Clark co. to 
the state cemetery at Frankfort, and a 
monument erected. 

Feb. 22 — In the national convention of 
the American party at Philadelphia, Mil- 
lard Fillmore, of New York, is nominated 
for president, and Andrew Jackson Donel- 
son, of Tennessee, for vice president. For 
president the vote stood: Fillmore 179, 
Geo. Law 24, Kenneth Rayner 14, Judge 
John McLean 13, Garret Davis 10, Gen. 
Sam. Houston 3. 

Feb. 25— Breaking up of the ice-bridge 
in the Ohio river, which has been closed 
for 53 days. 

March 3— $20,000 appropriated to finish 
ouildings for the Ky. Institution for the 
education of the blind $5,000 appro- 
priated, annually, to the Ky. state coloni- 
zation society, to be applied to removing 
to Liberia in Africa Ky. negroes now free, 
or who may be born of such and be free. 
7— $20,000 appropriated to extend- 
ing and prosecuting geological survey of 

the state, during next two years 10 — 

Remains of Gen. Geo. Rogers Clark to be 
removed and re-interred in the military 
mound in the state cemetery, and a marble 

monument erected Cities made liable 

for damages for destruction of property by 

mobs Commissioners of the sinking 

fund authorized to loan any surplus moneys 
on hand Ky. state ngriculturnl so- 
ciety incorporated, and $5,000, annually, 
appropriated towards holding state fair, in 
rotation, in each of the three districts into 

which the law divides the state 

Transylvania university re-org.anized and 

established as a school for te.achers 

Time of stated biennial meeting of the 
legislature changed so as to commence on 

1st Monday of Dec Resolutions in 

relation to the alleged claim of the U. S. 



to Wolf isli 



in the 



ippi 



opposite to and a part of Hickman county 
Virginia owned and claimed the island, 
and treasury warrants were located on it 
Feb. 25, 17S2. 
March 10— Gov. Morehead vetoes the acl 



incorporating the Savings Institution of 
Harrodsburg, and the senate by yeas 10, 
nays 18, refused to pass the bill over the 
veto. Other bank projects, incorporating 
the bank of Stanford, Eastern bank of Ky., 
Farmers' and Miners' bank of Ky., Milton 
bank of Ky., Planters' bank of Ky., and 
Savings bank of Ky., failed to become 
laws. [The governor, in his annual mes- 
sage, Jan. 1, and again in a special mes- 
sage, Feb. 15, had urgently protested 
against an increase of banking privileges 
and the consequent expansion of the cur- 

M.arch 10— Death at Louisville of " Old 
Ben Duke," a negro, 110 years 8 months 
and 3 days old ; he saw the first tree felled 
in Beargrass valley. 

April 1-7— In 7 days, the Scott street 
ferry-boats crossed the Ohio river 1,480 
times, carrying 29,311 passengers over 12 
years, 369 horses, 382 cattle, 1,566 drays, 
627 buggies and 450 other l-horse vehicles, 
74 2-horse carriages, 230 omnibuses, .341 
other 2-horse vehicles, 32 3-horse and 178 
4-horse vehicles. This information was 
obtained as data for the probable business 
of the proposed bridge from Covington to 
Cincinnati. 

April 12— At WiUiamstown, Grant CO., 
17 frame building? (1 tavern, 4 stores, 12 
dwcllin!;s) burnt, with a large portion of 
their contents ; loss $70,000. On the same 
day, 20 dwellings and other buildings, 
school house, and Methodist church, burnt, 
at Bardstown. 

April 20 — Louisville Bridge Co. organ- 
ized : Thos. W. Gibson president, L. A. 
Wbiteley secretary. 

April 23— Maysville and Lexington rail- 
road sold, at Lexington, under a decree of 
the Fayette circuit court : purchased by 
the first mortgage bondholders for $105,- 
000: p.assenger cars $900 to $1,200 each, 
freight cars $40 to $60 each, iron rails $26 
per ton. 

May — Large fire in Hopkinsville, in the 
central business portion ; loss $45,000. 

The Ky. colonization society sends to 
Liberia in Africa 67 emigrants, most of 
them set free for the purpose. 

June .3— James Buchanan, of Penn., and 
John C. Breckinrid-c, of Ky., nominated 
for president and vice president by the 
Democratic national convention, at Cin- 
cinnati. On the 1st ballot, the vote for 
president stood: Buchanan 135, Franklin 
Pierce 122M, Stephen A. Douglas 33, 
Lewis Cass 5; on the 16th ballot: Buch- 
anan 168, Douglas 122, C.-iss 6; the Ky. 
delegation gave from 314 to 5>^ votes for 
Buchanan, the balance nearly equally 
divided between Pierce and Douglas ; on 
the ]6lh ballot, the entire vote, 11, for 
Douglas. 

Aug. 4 — Election for judges and other 
court officers. Alvin Duvall elected judge 
of the court of appeals: Duvall 16,595, 
Thos. A. Marshall 15,130- maj. 1,465. 

Sept. 7 — State normal school at Lexing- 
ton opened. 

Oct.— Falls pilots, at Louisville, at their 



1857. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



77 



own expense, during the low water, en- 
gaged in deepening and widening a chan- 
nel over the falls. 

Oct. 12— Cornwall & Bro., Louisville, 
make beautiful candles, of high illuminat- 
ing quality, from paraffine extracted from 
Breckinridge cannel coal, near Clover- 
port. 

Oct. 13 — Rain falls ; end of a severe 
drouth. 

Nov. 4 — Vote of Kj. for president and 
vice president ; Jas. Buchanan and John 
C. Breckinridge (democrat) 69,609, Millard 
Fillmore and Andrew .J. Donelson (Ameri- 
can) 6.3,391, John C. Fremont and Wm. L. 
D.ayton (republican) 314. Buchanan over 
Fillmore 6,118. 

Nov. 9 — Earthquake at Hickman and 
neighboring towns, at night ; lusts between 
10 seconds and a minute ; accompanied by 
a heavy wind, and arouses the inhabitants 
from their slumbers ; the 4th shock within 
six weeks. 

Nov. 18— Rev. Lewis W. Green, D.D., 
inaugurated president of the state normal 
school and Transylvania university, at 
Lexington. 

Nov. 22— Celebrated English st-allion, 
Scythian, imported by K. A. Alexander, 
Woodford eo. ; price 1,500 guineas ; he had 
won in England 7 prizes, amounting to 
£7,1.34. 

Dec. 24— Ohio river gorged with ice at 
Maysville, and also between Cincinnati 
and Louisville. Between Maysville and 
Cincinnati, steamboats continue running 
until Jan. 7, when the river freezes over 
and remains closed until Feb. 6. 

Dec. 31— Snow falls, 4 inches deep ; sev- 
eral light falls of snow, up to Jan. 19. 

Dec. 31— Medical department of the uni- 
versity of Louisville destroyed by fire; 
loss $100,000. 

1857, Jan. 1 — Kentucky bank semi-an- 
nual dividends : Bank of Ky. 5 percent 
and an extra dividend of 1 per cent ; North- 
ern Bank 5 and an extra dividend of 3 ; 
Farmers', Southern, and Bank of Louis- 
ville each 5 ; Franklin Savyigs Institution 
of Louisville 4K ; Deposit Bank of Paris 
6; Louisville Gas Co. 5 per cent. The 
Southern Bank has a surplus fund of $371,- 
109, and the Farmers' Bank of $366,465. 

Jan. 19— Thermometer at Louisville 10° 
below zero, at Frankfort 27°, at Paris 25°, 
at Miilersburg 24°, at Carlisle 18°, at 
M.aysville 17°. 

Jan. 23— Thermometer at Maysville 23° 
below zero, at Ripley, Ohio, 26°. Cum- 
berland river frozen over, the first time for 
21 ye.ars ; people crossing on the ice. Ohio 
river /rozeu over at New Albany — first time 
in 40 years ; teams crossing on the ice at 
Louisville. 

Feb. 9— Burning of the block of 4 ware- 
houses and two other buildings on Main 
street, near the Gait House, in Louisville; 
loss $250,000. 

Feb. 20 — Tornado in Bracken co., pass- 
ing, from 5 miles southwest, through 
Augusta, where it crossed the Ohio river; 
several buildings and barns blown down. 



larger houses moved a few feet, and much 
other damage done. 

March 29 — Complimentary public dinner, 
at the Gait House, by citizens of Louis- 
ville, without distinction of party, to ex- 
Secretary of the Treasury, James Guthrie. 

April 4— Thos. W. Lewis sells to M. W. 
M.ays, of Maury co., Tcnn., the Spanish 
jack Moro Castle, 8 years old, 15 h.ands 
high, imported by the Mason County Im- 
porting Co., for the extraordinary price of 
$6,000 ; the jack took the premium at the 
state fair at Paris, last fall. 

April 6— Snow, in northern Ky., one 
inch deep. Thermometer, next night, 22° 

May 1 2— Edward Everett, of Mass., de- 
livers his great oration on the life and 
character of Washington, at Louisville ; 
also, May 14, at Lexington, and, May 15, 
at Maysville. 

May 14 — Four slaves, charged with mur- 
dering the Joyce family, near the mouth 
of Salt river, some time since, tried at 
Louisville, and acquitted. A mob, headed 
by a son of the Joyce family, attempted to 
force an entrance into the jail, but was 
kept off by the police and a force of 12 
armed men stationed inside by Mayor 
Pilcher. After tea, the mob again assaults 
the jail, but the force inside, by firing into 
the air to intimidate, holds the crowd back 
a little while. They retire, and soon re- 
turn with a cannon loaded to the muzzle, 
and pointing it at the jail door, compel the 
jailors to capitulate. One negro cut his 
throat, but the other three were taken out 
and hung to trees. The mayor was struck 
in the face with a brick, and it was feared 
the mob would vent their violence on 
Messrs. Rousseau, Wolfe and Mix, the at- 
torneys who defended the negroes. May 
27, 2 of the rioters indicted by the grand 
jury, arrested and committed to jail. 

May 21- — General Assembly of the Pres- 
byterian Church of the United States (old 
school) in session at Lexington, for ten 
days ; 225 commissioners or delegates pres- 



June 10 — Duel on the tapis for several 
days between Col. Samuel I. M. Major, 
Jr., editor of the Frankfort Yeoman, and 
Thos. M. Green, editor of the Frankfort 
Commonwealth. By the mediation of 
friends, the duel is prevented, after the 
parties had reached Louisville on their way 
to the dueling ground in Indiana. 

June 15— Zachariah Wheat elected judge 
of the court of appeals from the 3d appel- 
late district, to fill the vacancy caused by 
the death of Judge Ben. Mills Crenshaw: 
Wheat 9,477, Joshua F. Bullitt 9,440— 
m.-ij. 37. 

July 4 — Laying of the corner-stone of 
the Henry Clay monument in the cemetery 
at Lexington, with Masonic ceremonies — 
Dr. Theodore N. Wise, grand master of 
Ky., ofiiciating. In the procession were 
companies of citizen soldiery : Falls City 
Guards from Louisville, Madison Guards 
from Richmond, Danville Artillery from 
Danville, National Guards from St. Louis, 



78 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Mo., Baltimore City Guards from Balti- 
more, M'i., Cleveland Light Artillery from 
Cleveland, 0., Columbus Fencibles from 
Columbus, 0., Fulton Guards of Liberty 
(dressed in "Continental" uniform) and 
Guthrie Greys from Cincinnati, 0., Indian- 
apolis Guards from Indianapolis, Indiana, 
and, more observed than any, the Amos- 
keag Veterans from New Hampshire ; 
Masons, Odd Fellows, fire companies, and 
citizens on foot, in carriages and on horse- 
back. Among the distinguished guests 
were the Vice President of the U. S., Heads 
of Departments of the U. S. and of Ky., 
Governor and Lieut. Governor of Ky., 
members of Congress and of the Ky. Leg- 
islature, officers and soldiers of the War of 
1812, and many invited strangers. Orator 
of the day, Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, 
D.D., LL.D. 40,000 people present, and a 
sumptuous dinner served up on 600 yards 
of tables. Military review by Gov. More- 
head, after dinner. 

July 20— Editorial street rencounter in 
Louisville between Geo. D. Prentice, of the 
Journal, and Reuben T. Durrett, of the 
Courier ; the former fired four times and 
the latter three times, with pistols ; neither 
hurt, but one shot from Mr. Prentice 
■wounded G. D. Hinkle ; the difficulty grew 
out of an editorial in the Courier, of a very 
personal character,- sharp correspondence 
preceded and followed the shooting. 

Aug. 3 — James H. G.arrard (democrat) 
elected state (^ea»jrer : Garrard 65,590, 
Thos. L. Jones (American) 63,476— maj. 
12,114 ; 8 democrats and 2 Americans (or 
Know Nothings) elected to congress, 61 
democrats and 39 Americans to the house 
of representatives, and 13 democrats and 7 
Americans to the senate ; the new senate 
will stand 20 Americans to 18 democrats. 

Aug. 5— Married, in Lexington, by Rev. 
Samuel B. Cheek, vice principal of the 
deaf and dumb asylum at Danville, John 
Blount, of Ala., to Miss Lueretia Ann 
Hoagland, daughter of Wm. Hoagland. 
The bride and groom, their attendants, 
and the bride's parents all de.af mutes ; 15 
other, all educated, mutes present; wed- 
ding ceremony in the sign language ; a 
remarkably happy occasion, but very quiet. 

Aug. 15 — Census of Paducah, just taken, 
5,058. 

Aug. 16— Judge Wm. F. Bullock, of the 
Shelby circuit court, decides unconstitu- 
tional the act of the last legislature repeal- 
ing lotteries, so far as the Shelby college 
lottery grant is concerned. 

Aug. 24— Failure of the Ohio Life Insur- 
ance and Trust Co. bank .at Cincinnati, 
and its br.anch office in New York ; begin- 
ning of a great financial crash, all over the 
world. 

Aug. 31— Annual exhibition of the U. S. 
Agricultural Society begins at Louisville — 
the first ever held west of the mountains. 
Among the distinguished visitors is Lord 
Napier, the British minister at Washing- 
ton. Magnificent display of stock. 

Hog cholera prevalent and fatal. 

Oct. 1 — Suspension of several banking 



houses in Loiiisville. Extensive bank 
failures in other states. Kentucky banks 
refuse to lend their notes to parties who 
pay them out in Cincinnati, because the 
brokers there assort and send them home 
immediately for redemption in specie. 

Prioress, a Ky. mare, taken to England 
by R. Ten Broeek, wins the cup at the Ce- 
sarewith races. 

Oct. 1— Ky. banks feel entire confidence 
in going through the financial storm, and 
at the same time do more for their custom- 
ers than they could do with a suspension 
of specie payments. 

Oct. 8— Three distinct shocks of earth- 
quake, about 4 o'clock, a. m., in western 
Ky.; heavy rumbling, making substantial 
buildings tremble, and overturning small 
articles in dwellings. 

Oct. 9, 10, 12— Tremendous run on banka 
in New York and Brooklyn ; numerous sus- 
pensions of banks, private bankers, mer- 
chants, manufacturers, there, and several 
railroad companies, in Boston, and in other 
places. Harper ife Brothers' great publish- 
ing house, although with .$1,000,000 surplus 
in property value, forced m suspend. Panio 
increased by the " sorting" houses, in Cin- 
cinnati and elsewhere in the west, who ex- 
change the notes of different banks so aa 
to concentrate all of a kind, and then run 
on the banks for specie. 15th — Bank sus- 
pensions of specie payments, in all parts 
of the country ; many banks refuse to sus- 
pend. 23d — Money market more strin- 
gent; many mercantile failures; other 
railroad companies embiirrassed ; IJ^ to 3 
and 5 per cent., and occasionally 7 per cent, 
per month paid for temporary loans, to 
avoid suspension. The Ky. banks refuse to 
suspend specie payments. 

Doc. 7 — Legislature meets. Gov. More- 
head's message states the state debt at 
$3,592,412, exclusive of a $600,000 bond 
for stock in the Southern Bank of Ky. 
(which the bank is bound to pay), and of 
the school debt .$1,381,832, which is a per- 
petual debt to herself, the interest only to 
be paid. The sjate owns stock as follows: 
Ky. banks, (worth above par).. ..$2,020, 500 

Turnpike roads 2,694,239 

Locks and dams on Ky. river... 901,932 
Locks and dams on Green river. 869,126 
Lexington and Frankfort R. R. 

stock 181,500 

Louisville and Frankfort R. R., 

annuity on 74,619 

The receipts into the state treasury for 
fiscal year ending Oct. 10, 1856, were 
$822,510, and for 1857 $988,444— the in- 
crease due to the recent three-cent school 
tax. The receipts of the school fund for 
1856 were $133,977, and for 1857 $296,760 
— the latter from the increased taxation. 

Dec. 12— New York, Albany and New 
Haven, and, Dec. 14, Boston banks resume 
specie payments. 

Dec. 16— Editori.al convention at Frank- 
fort drafts a bill in regard to legal adver- 
tising, and requests the legislatune to pass 
it. [Feb. 6, 1858, the bill is laid on the 
table, in the house, by a large majority.] 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



79 



Dec. 21— At a sale, in settling tlie estate 
f a decedent in Nicholas county, 12 slaves 
old for $3,300 more than their appraised 
alue ; 10 of them were between 5 and 17 



yea 



old. 



xtie corn crop of 1857 the largest ever 
grown in Ky. The corn was very wet and 
immature at the time of an unusually hard 
freeze in November, which was followed 
by warm wet weather, causing fermentation, 
and greatly injuring if not destroying the 
germinating principle of the corn. To 
save as much as possible, it was fed to 
stock, or distilled. Sound dry corn, for 
seeding, was imported from Tennessee, and 
from Henderson, Boone, and several other 
counties in Ky. which escaped the freezing. 

1858, Jan. 5— Lazarus Vf. Powell elected 
U. S. senator for six years from March 4, 
1859 : Powell 80, Garret Davis 54, John B. 



Tho 



Ky. banks each declare semi-annual div- 
idends of 5 per cent. 

Jan. 26— Circulation of bank notes un- 
der $5, other than those issued by Ky. 
banks, prohibited by the legislature. 

Jan. 28— Explosion and burning of the 
steamer Fanny Fern, 16 miles below Cov- 
ington ; 13 killed or drowned. 

Feb. 4 — Explosion and burning of the 
steamer Col. Crossman, opposite New Mad- 
rid, Mo.; over 25 lives lost ; a number badly 
frozen. 

Feb. 1 — Legislature fixes term of serv- 
ice of keeper of penitentiary at 4 years, 
and $12,000 as the sum he is to pay the 

state annually 9— George W. Kouns 

authorized to sue the state, to settle a 
question of damages — the first act ever 
passed under the constitutional provision 
directing '* in what manner, and in what 
courts suits may be brought against the 
commonwealth." Tax assessors re- 
quired hereafter to report the pounds of 
tobacco and hemp, the bushels of corn, 
wheat and barley, the tons of hay and of 
pig metal, blooms and bar iron, raised or 
manufactured during each preceding year 
$5,000 annually, for two years, ap- 
propriated to the Ky. state agricultural 
society 13— Aet establishing the Nor- 
ma! school, or school for teachers, as part 
of Transylvania University at Lexington, 
repealed by a vote of 23 to 12 in the Sen- 
ate, and 68 to 23 in the house 13— 

Capital stock of Commercial Bank in- 
creased $600,000, with authority to estab- 
lish two additional branches 15 — 

Charters of Bank of Louisville, Bank of 
Ky. and Northern Bank extended for 20 
years, and each required to esta.blish an 
additional branch, with $150,000 capital, 
at Burksville, Columbus, and Glasgow, re- 
spectively The Western lunatic asy- 
lum to receive 325 patients, from the 1st, 
2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th congressional 
districts, and the Eastern to receive 225, 
from the remainder of the state ; when 
either full, patients to be sent to the other 

16 — Stringent law to prevent the loss 

of the public books in each county 

17 — $3,500 appropriated to construct a.firo- 



proof room for the land office records 

$25,000 appropriated to continue the geo- 
logical survey, and to print the reports 

Capital stock of Southern Bank may 

be filled up to $2,000,000 more, and a branch 
est.nblished at Lebanon. 

Feb. 15 — Legislature empowers the gov- 
ernor to raise a regiment of volunteer 
troops, to be tendered to the U. S. govern- 
ment, to aid in suppressing the rebellion in 
Utah. 

Feb. 21— At Washington City, James 'B. 
Cl.ay, of Ky., challenges Gen. Wm. Cul- 
lom, of Tenn., (the former a member and 
the latter recently a member of congress) 
to fight a duel — because Cullom struck Clay 
with his open hand, for a playful remark 
of Clay which Cullom deemed insulting 
notwithstanding Clay's disavowal of such 
intention. Feb. 24, after the parties had 
gone to the duelling ground, Messrs. John 
J. Crittenden and John C. Mason, of Ky., 
and Robert Toombs, of Ga., succeeded in 
effecting a settlement of the difliculty, 
without bloodshed; Gen. Cullom apologiz- 
ing. 

March 6— Gov. Morehead issues a proc- 
lamation, under the resolution of the last 
legislature, inviting companies — of 100 
privates, 1 captain, 3 lieuten.ants, and 8 
non-commissioned officers — desiring to vol- 
unteer for the expedition to Utah, to or- 
ganize and report to him until April 1st. 

March 14 — Collision, opposite Raleigh, 
Ky., about 5 miles above Shawneetown, 
111., between steamboats Great Western 
and Princess ; latter sunk, and 6 lives lost. 

March 17— Great speech of John J. 
Crittenden, in the U. S. Senate, in opposi- 
tion to the admission of Kansas as a State, 
under the Leeompton constitution. 

April 7— Ex-Gov. Lazarus W. Powell, of 
Ky., and Maj. Ben McCuUoch, of Texas, 
sent as peace commissioners to Utah. 

April 9— From the following 21 com- 
panies. Gov. Morehead selects by lot 10 
(the first 10 below) to compose the regiment 
to be tendered to the U. S. war department 
for service in Utah : 
'- Capt. Wales Louisville. 

2. Capt. Hanks Anderson county. 

3. Capt. Beard Lexington. 

4. Capt. 'Prapnall Mercer countv. 

5. Capt. Pierce Trimble county. 

6. Capt. McHenry Daviess county. 

7. Capt. Rogers Louisville 

8. Capt. Moore Pendleton county. 

9. Capt. Adair Union county. 

10. Capt. Rees Covington. 

11. Capt. Donan Hart county. 

12. Capt. Bacon Franklin county. 

13. Capt. Dear Shelby county. 

14. Capt. Ljindruni Gallatin county; 

1."^. Capt. Miller Christian county. 

11), Capt. George W Gist....Montgomery county. 

17. Capt. Cowan Boyle county. 

18. Capt. Holeman Owen county. 

19. Capt. W, M. Booker Washington county. 

20. Capt. Daniel Owsley county. 

21. Capt. Forsyth Louisville. 

Two other companies were reported, but 
without a roll of ofiicers and men — one by 
W. M. Fulkerson, of Breathitt county, and 
the other by A. L. Saunders, of Carroll 
county. 

April 10— Death, at Washington city, 
of Col. Thos. H. Benton, formerly U. S. 
senator from Missouri for 30 years; during 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



much of this time he and his family re- 
sided, temporarilj-, on his farm in Wood- 
ford county, Ky. 

April U — Heavy rains all over Ky., and 
much damage. Heavier rains and greater 
damnge to railroads and along the streams, 
in the North and Northwest. Numerous 
crevasses in the levees on the Mississippi, 
whole plantations in Louisiana and Mis- 
sissippi under water, and very great suffer- 
ing. 

-Remarkable revivals of religion all over 
Ky. and the United States. Over 100 join 
the Methodist church in Perryville, Ky., 
and 428 accessions to 5 Methodist churches 
in Louisville ; similar accessions in other 
places and to other denominations, 

April 16— Ky. state bonds sell in New 
York at 113, and Bank of Ky. stock at 
112@112^i. 

April 24— Fall of snow in Northern Ky., 
in some places to the depth of one inch. 

May 17—157 U. S. troops defeated by 
1,000 Indians, near Spokan river, in Ore- 
gon ; Capt. 0. H. P. Taylor, of Maysville, 
Ky., among the killed. 

May 19 — Exhibition of Ky. leaf tobacco 
at Louisville, in Pickett warehouse, under 
the auspices of the Ky. state agricultural 
society ; 129 entries competed for the pre- 
mium, first and second certificates, in 4 
classes ; the successful tobacco was sold at 
auction for the high prices per 100 pounds, 
and in t^e order named : cutting — Sims & 
Blandford, Daviess co. $19, J. C. Bland- 
ford, Daviess CO. $12, Bradford & Ware, 
Bracken co. $12 ; manufacturing— W. R. 
Wells, Hart co. $53, M. W. Prewitt, Tay- 
lor CO, $20, S. H. Moss, Green co. $19; 
shipping— W. S. Lacy, Christian co. $16, 
T. H. Mustain, Hart co. $11, W. S. Lacy, 
Christian co. $11 ; cigar— James Norris, 
Mason co. $19, McAtee, Baldwin & Co., 
Mason co. SIS^^, A, Jackson Whipps, 
Bracken co. $13, 

May 21— First leaf tobacco fair held in 
Cincinnati, at Chas. Bodmann's warehouse ; 
premiums for '* Mason county " leaf award- 
ed as follows : best 4 hhds,— 1st, $50, John 
Murray, Bracken co., 2d, $30, Wm. Hen- 
son, Bracken co„ 3d, $20, H. Wilson, Nich- 
olas CO., 4th, $10, John Woodwarfl, Mason 
CO.; best 3 hhds.— 1st, $50, Daniel Norris, 
Mason co., 2d, $30, Asahel Woodward, 
Bracken co., 3d, $20, Wm. AVoodward, 
Mason co.; best, sweepstakes, $100, A. J. 
AVhipps, German town, for tobacco produced 
by John Murray, Bracken co. 

May 26 — Remarkably heavy rains for 
several days ; sudden rise in the Ohio 
river, which at Pittsburgh is 22 feet and 
rising ; great damage to crops and to works 
of public improvement. 

June 15— Third great rise in the Ohio, 
this season, which is now higher than for 
several years past; Wabash river higher 
than at any time since the great flood of 
1828; the Mississippi river within i}4 feet 
of the highest flood mark in 1844; greati 
damage at Cairo, Illinois. 

June 15— Bank of Louisville opens books 
for additional subscription of $850,000 of 



her stock, which is subscribed in two hours, 
principally by Kentuckians and in small 
sums; stock at $102 to the share. The 
Commercial Bank of Ky. also opens at 
Louisville books for ii Jditional subscription 
of $200,000, which is subscribed in 24 hours. 

July 1— Bank of Ky., Northern Bank, 
and Bank of Louisville each declares 5 
per cent dividend out of its profits fur the 
last six months ; the former two declare an 
extra dividend of 5, and the latter one of 
12 per cent. 

July 10 — Jos. Beard, city marshal of 
Lexington, stabbed in the heart and lung, 
by one Barker, whom he had arrested for 
fighting, and dies instantly. Three hours 
and a half afterwards. Barker is taken 
from jail by a large crowd, and hung in 
the court house yard. 

July 22— Public dinner to John J. Crit- 
tenden, at Versailles. 

Aug. 2— Rankin R. Revill (democrat) 
elected clerk of the court of .ippciils : Rev- 
ill 68,540, Geo. R. McKee (American) 55,- 
199— maj. 13,341. Henry C. Wood (dem.) 
elected judge of the court of appeals, in 
the 2d district, over Judge Zach. Wheat 
(Am.). County officers elected. 

Aug. 31— Northern Bank stock, 26 shares 
sold in Lexington at $120. Bank of Ky. 
stock sold in Philadelphia at $112. 

Sept. 5— Frightful and mysterious mor- 
tality among the hogs in Daviess, Muh- 
lenburg, McLean, and adjacent counties. 
They die in such numbers as to poison the 
atmosphere with the stench, and occasion 
much sickness. 



ville Journal, explores the " Bottomless 
Pit" in the Mammoth Cave, 190 feet deep, 
and carves his name at the bottom — the 
first person who ever gazed upon its dark- 
ness and horrors. 

Sept. 14— Death, at the residence of her 
son, Wm. White, in Hunter's Bottom, 
Carroll county, of Mrs. Margaret Hoyt, 
aged 91 years — the first white woman who 
settled in Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Sept. 21 — Shock of earthquake at Line 
Shore, below Hickm.an, so severe that a 
lady, who was about 40 rods from her house 
when it commenced, fell down four times 
before she got to her door ; it seemed as if 
her house would tumble down. In the 
great earthquake of 1811, near the same 
place, the ground sunk, making a lake 12 
miles long and 7 wide. 

Oct. 13— A brilliant comet, known as 
the great comet of 1858, has been visible 
to the naked eye since Aug. 29, and ob- 
served through telescopes since June 28. 

Oct. 14 — Presentation to the Masonic 
Grand Lodge of Kentucky, of the sword 
worn by Col. Joe Hamilton Daviess when 
he fell at the battle of Tippecanoe— en- 
closed in a box made of oak from the very 
tree under whose shade ho expired; pre- 
sented by Judge Levi H. Todd, of Indiana 
—a native of Ky., a l.aw student in the of- 
fice and a member of the fnmily of Col. 
Daviess, .it the time of his death. 



1859. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



81 



Oct. 18— Louisville conference of the 
Methodist E. Church South, in session at 
Hopkinsville, Ky., after an exciting de- 
bate, votes in favor of expunging from the 
General Rules of the church the one for- 
bidding " the buying and selling of men, 
women and children, with an intention to 
enslave them." 

Oct. 19 — U. S. military asylum at Ilar- 
rodsburg discontinued, and inmates re- 
moved to the asylum at Washington city. 

1859, Jan. 4— Last meeting of the U. S. 
senate in its old chamber, and formal 
change to the new wing of the capitol, at 
Washington city. Before removing, John 
J. Crittenden, of Ky., the oldest member 
of the senate, offered some remarks appro- 
priate and truly affecting. The vice pres- 
ident of the United States, who is also the 
presiding officer of the senate, John C. 
Breckinridge, of Ky., by previous request 
of the senate, delivered an address at once 
historical, eloquent and touching. The 
congress of the Revolution, as the chances 
• required, held its sessions at Phil- 



commeneement of the present government, 
it met at Princeton, Annapolis, Trenton, 
and New York ; in 1783 and 1784, alter- 
nately at Trenton and Annapolis ; in 1785 
to 1790, at New York ; in 1791 to 1800, at 
Philadelphia; in 1801 and thenceforward, 
at Washington city. The first capitol was 
ready in 1800. 

Jan. 1— Total circulation of the Ken- 
tucky banks the largest ever known, S14,- 
345,696— an increase over that on Jan. 1, 
1858 of $5,461,471, and over that on July 
1,1858 of $3,746,931. 

March 16 — Longest iron bridge in Amer- 
ica (except the Victoria bridge at Mon- 
treal, Canada) erected over Green River, 
at Bowling Green, on the Louisville and 
Nashville Railroad; total length 1,000 
feet, height 115 feet above low water mark, 
and of 5 spans. 

March 28— James Guthrie sells at par, 
among Louisville and Kentucky capital- 
ists, $1,018,000 bonds of the Louisville and 
Nashville railroad — insuring its early com- 
pletion. 

Silver ore discovered on Willow creek, 
four miles from Falmouth, in Pendleton 
county. 

April 2 to 6— Thermometer at Paris 25° 
and 28° above zero, for four days. 



seven feet nine inches high. 

June 10—45 shares Northern Bank of 
Ky. stock sold in Philadelphia at $132 per 
share. 

June 20— Hon. Garret Davis challenges 
Capt. Wm. E. Simms, democratic candi- 
date for congress (both of Paris), to fight 
a duel, for denunciatory words, in a speech 
at Ruddell's Mills, in reference to a com- 
munication in " Western Citizen " of which 
Mr. Davis avows himself the author. They 
meet in Cincinnati for the purpose ; but by 

I. ..6 



mediation of friends the difficulty is ad- 
justed without a hostile meeting. 

July 1 — Kentucky banks declare divi- 
dends out of last six months' profits: 
Northern and Commercial each 5, Southern 
5 and 2 per cent extra. Farmers' 5 and, 
from the accumulated and surplus profits, 
22 per cent extra. 

Aug. 1 — The Democratic ticket for state 
officers elected. Vote for governor : Beriah 
Magoffin (dem.) 76,187, Joshua F. Bell 
(opposition) 67,283— maj. 8,904; for lieu- 
ten.ant governor: Linn Boyd (dem.) 75,- 
320, Alfred Allen (opposition) 63,607— maj. 
11,713; 5 democrats and 5 "opposition" 
elected to congress. 

Aug. 6— Death of Rev. John A. McClung, 
D. D., of Maysville, Ky., by drowning in 
Niagara river, about three miles above the 
Falls. His body, carried over the Falls, is 
found, on the 10th, in an eddy, near the 
mouth of Niagara river, on the American 
side, and 21st, taken to Maysville for in- 
terment. 

Oct. 5 — Sale, at Lexington, under a 
judgment of the Fayette Circuit Court, of 
the Covington and Lexington railroad, for 
$2,125,000, to Wm. H. Gedge, of Coving- 
ton ; for R. B. Bowler, of Cincinnati. Its 
receipts during the twelve months just 
closed had been $449,202, and for the year 
prior $396,366— an increase in one year of 
$52,866. 

Oct. 28, 29— Destruction, by a mob, of 
"The True South," an abolition news- 
paper published at Newport. 

Nov. 12 — Thermometer 68°, during the 
day, but falls during the night to 12° 
above zero — a change of temperature of 
56 degress in less than 12 hours. 

Nov. 28— Golden \rtdding of ex-chief- 
justice Geo. Robertson and wife, at Lex- 
Dec. 12— Maj. John C. Breckinridge, 
(democrat,) now vice president of the 
United States, elected U. S. senator from 
Ky. for six years from March 4, 1861 : 
Breckinridge 81, Joshua F. Bell (opposi- 
tion) 52. 

Dec. 16— Legislature instructs Ky. sen- 
ators and requests representatives in con- 
gress to urge upon the treaty - making 
power the necessity of so amending the 
treaty of 1842 with Great Britain in regard 
to fugitives from justice, as to provide for 
the surrender of ''fugitives from service 
or labor." [Designed to procure the sur- 
render and return of slaves fleeing to Can- 
ada.] 

Dec. 17— Death of the lieutenant gover- 
nor, Hon. Linn Boyd, at his residence. 

Dec. 21— Thos. P. Porter unanimously 
elected speaker of the senate, to fill the 
vacancy occasioned by the death of the 
lieutenant governor. 

1860, Jan. 2— Great " Union " meeting 
at Maysville, of all political parties. 

A public meeting in Madison county 
peremptorily requires Rev. John G. Fee 
and others at Berea to leave that county, 
on account of their anti-slavery principles 
and teachings. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1860. 



Jan. 8 — Great mortality among hogs by 
cholera, in Bourbon and Harrison counties. 

Jan. 9 — Democratic state convention at 
Frankfort, among other resolutions, ** re- 
cognizes the right of the people of the ter- 
ritories, including Kansas and Nebraska, 
to form a constitution with or without 
slavery, and be admitted into the Union 
upon terms of perfect equality with the 
other states," endorses James Guthrie as 
eminently qualified for the presidency, and 
elects delegates to the national convention 
at Charleston. 

Jan. 9 — Very long and very eloquent 
" Union " letter of Rev. Robert J. Breck- 
inridge, D.D., LL.D., to his nephew, Hon. 
John C. Breckinridge, vice president of 
the United States and U. S. senator elect 

Jan. 10— Andrew Wilson, of Mayslick, 
slaughters a hog (barrow) raised by him 
whose gross weight was 1340 pounds; his 
tusks measure 14 inches in length. 

Jan. 21— Legislature— by a vote of 82 
yeas 3 nays in the house, and a unanimous 
vote (34 present) in the senate — appropri- 
ates $10,000 for the completion of the 
monument over the grave of Henry Clay at 
Lexington. 

Jan. 21 — A public meeting at Orange- 
burg, Mason county, notifies Rev. James 
S. Davis, (a co-worker at Berea, Madison 
county, with Rev. John Gregg Fee, whence 
he was recently peremptorily required to 
leave) who settled soon after on Cabin 
Creek, Lewis county, to remove from Ky. 
within seven days. The meeting approved 
the action of the M.adison co. meeting, " as 
necessary and justifiable by a proper re- 
gard for the protection of their property 
.and the safety and security of their fam- 
ilies." Jan. 25, he was called on to give 
up a large number of copies of H. R. 
Helper's " Impending Crisis of the South," 
which he had received for circulation ; at 
first he refused ; but finally, by way of 
compromise, burnt them in the presence 
of the persons who had called. 

Jan. 23^Legi3lature appropriates $5,000 
per year for next two years to the Ky. 
state agricultural society, to be awarded in 

premiums Also, $10,000, additional, 

towards the completion of the Henry Clay 

monument at Lexington 27 — Bank 

of Ashland authorized to establish a branch 
, with $100,000 capit.ll. 
without the approval of 
Mngoflin.] 

Jan. 23 — A public meeting at Brooks- 
ville, of citizens of Bracken county and 
of the western part of Mason county, re- 
solves that Rev. John Gregg Fee and 
John 6. H.anson, lately expelled from 
Madison county, and now about settling 
in Bracken county, "are enemies to the 
state and dangerous to the security of our 
lives .and property," and "solemnly de- 
clare that they " and three others named 
must, " by ensuing Feb. 4, leave the county 
and state;" 50 prominent citizens ap- 
pointed to see tho resolutions carried 



Jan. 24— The bill to extend state aid to 
railroads and turnpikes rejected in the 
senate, by 21 to 16. 

Jan. 24 — The legislatures of Tennessee 
and Kentucky meet at Louisville, and are 
eloquently entertained by the city and cit- 
izens. 26th, they reach Columbus, Ohio, 
and are warmly welcomed by the Ohio 
legislature and citizens. Friday after- 
noon, 27th, the legislatures of the three 
states return together to Cincinnati, and 
receive a grand ovation at Pike's opera 
house, banquet at the Burnet House, and 
another entertainment by Nicholas Long- 
worth. Speeches by Mayor Richard M. 
Bishop, Judge Bellamy Storer, Gov. Be- 
riah Magofiin of Ky., Lieut. Gov. Newman 
of Tennessee, and Gov. Wm. Dennison of 
Ohio. 

Feb. 1 — House of representatives of con- 
gress, after two months' balloting and dis- 
gr-aceful scenes, orgivnized by electing Wm. 
Pennington of N. J., speaker — by 117 
votes, to 85 for John A. AlcClernand, 16 
for Thos. W. Gilmer, and 15 scattering. 

Feb. 6 — Dr. H. A. Davidson walks into 
a store at Henderson, with an " infernal 
machine" in a willow basket under his 
cloak, which he set fire to ; it explodes, 
dangerously injuring several persons, blow- 
ing out the side of the house, and doing 
much other damage. 

Feb. 6 — Legislature requires clerks at 
all elections to keep the votes by com- 
mencing each page with the figure 1, and 
so continue the count in numerals to the 

foot of the page 11 — Institution for 

the education of idiots and feeble-minded 
children established in Franklin county, 
and $20,000 appropriated for grounds and 
buildings Governor directed to pro- 
cure suitable gold medals, to present, in 
the name of the state, to each of the sur- 
viving Ky. volunteers in the battle of Lake 
Erie on Sept. 10, 1813. [Com. Perry's 
victory.] Certain terms of the Ken- 
ton circuit court to be held in Covington, 
instead of at Independence ; and, 18th, an 
office established there for recording deeds 
and mortgages. [Makes, practically, two 

county seats in Kenton county.] 

20— $1,000 ofi'ered to any person who shall 
discover the true cause of hog cholera, and 
a remedy that will cure it 22 — Com- 
mon school districts, within which a school 
was taught in tho years 1854, 1855, 1856, 
1857, 1853, and 1859, but which failed to 

report, allowed further time to report 

...27 — Sewing machines to be exempt from 

distribution and from execution 

28 — Any person may, by proceeding in 
court, adopt any infant or adult person or 
persons, .and make them capable of inher- 
iting as heirs-at-law Apportionment 

of representation in the senate and house, 
for ensuing eight years. 

Feb. 8— Ten per cent conventional inter- 
est bill passes the senate, by 18 to 14, but 
is rejected in the house. 

Feb. 13— Gov. Magoffin vetoes the bill 
increasing the capital stock of the Com- 
mercial Bank of Ky. $900,000, and author- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



izing atlditional branches, at Lebanon, 
Newport and Cynthiana ; 14th, the \>< 
passes the bil], over the governor's veto, 
by 55 to 37, and the senate by 20 to 13. 
The veto is approved by every newspaper 
in the state but three. 

Feb. 16 — In the house of representatives, 
a resolution charges Sinclair Roberts, the 
member from L.awrence county, with brib- 
ery in receiving $30 for his vote for the 
Commercial bank bill ; a committee of in- 
vestigation reports him innocent and the 
charge a fabrication, and the house unani- 
mously acquits him. [This is the first 
charge of bribery every made in the Ky. 
legislature.] 

Feb. 16— The bill to prevent the mar- 
riage of cousins defeated in the senate, by 
11 yeas, 19 nays. 

Feb. 22--The Opposition state conven- 
tion at Frankfort recommends John J. 
Crittenden " to the favorable consideration 
of a National Union convention,, as worthy 
of the exalted position of president ;" and, 
besides other resolutions, unanimously 
adopts this: Resolved, That the peo- 
ple of Kentucky are for the Union and 
the Constitution intact; and declare that 
the " Union shall and must be main- 
tained," and that Kentucky will redress 
her wrongs inside of the Union and not out 
of it. 

Feb. 22— Terrible conflagration at Dan- 
ville ; court house, 2d Presbyterian, Epis- 
copal and Reformed churches, Batterton 
house, Tribune printing office, and 64 
stores, dwellings, and other buildings 
burned ; loss over $300,000. 

Feb. 28 — Legislature adopts as the true 
boundary line between Ky. and Tennessee 
the one surveyed in 1859, by Austin P. 
Cox and Chas. M. Briggs, commissioners 
appointed for the purpose. 

March 2 — Legislature instructs senators 
and representatives in congress to urge the 
placing of tobacco, by treaties with for- 
eign countries, upon a footing with other 
exports, and prevent the heavy duties to 
which it is subjected abro.ad Resolu- 
tion of thanks to New York legislature for 
the handsome invitation to Ky. legislature 

to visit Albany Remains of Elliston 

Williams, late of Kenton county, directed 
to be removed and re-interred near those 
of Daniel Boone, in the cemetery at Frank- 
fort All laws prohibiting the impor- 
tation of slaves into Ky. repealed 

Penalties or fines recovered for gaming are 
to be paid into the common school fund 

3 — Gipsies to be arrested, and fined 

or imprisoned Writing, printing or 

circulating of incendiary documents in Ky. 
made punishable by confinement in the 

penitentiary Petit jurors to receive 

^1.50 for each day they serve as such 

...Vote to be taken in August, 1860, on ex- 
pediency of three cents additional school 
tax No slave hereafter to be emanci- 
pated except on condition of immediatelj' 
leaving the state. Free negroes non-resi- 
dent not allowed to come into the state, 
upon penalty of confinement in the peni- 



tentiary 5 — Act for organization of 

Ky. militia. [State guard law.] 

March 12 — The Ky. annual conference 
of the Methodist E. Church, in session at 
Germantown, refuses to " concur in any of 
the propositions submitted by sister con- 
ferences, recommending the suspension of 
the Fourth Restrictive Rule, with a view 
to altering the General Rule on the subject 
of slavery." 

March 26, 27— Great cvcitement in Mad- 
ison county, caused by the return of Johu 
G. Hanson, the anti-slavery man who was 
ordered oflf with Rev. John G. Fee, several 
months ago. A movement to compel him 
to leave the state is resisted by his friends, 
and several persons wounded. A mill be- 
longing to Hanson dismantled. 

April 12 — Beautiful statue of Henry 
Clay at Richmond, Virginia, inaugurated ; 
interesting ceremonies ; address by ex- 
president John Tyler. 

April 30— Death at Hopkinsville, of 
Daniel Fuller, aged 106. 

May 1 — James Guthrie, of Ky. receives 
65K votes, Stephen A. Douglas 151 K, bal- 
ance divided between R. M. T. Hunter, 
Daniel S. Dickinson, Joseph Lane, and 1 
for Jefferson Davis, on the 55th, 56th, and 
67th ballots for a nominee for president, 
in the Democratic national convention at 
Charleston, S. C. The convention ad- 
journs to meet in Baltimore, on 1st Mon- 

M.ay 21 — Monday — Most destructive tor- 
nado ever known along the valley of the 
Ohio, for 900 miles; loss estimated at over 
$1,000,000; about 100 lives lost, about 75 
of them from coal boats and skiffs on the 



alo 



the 






arns, outhouses, and a few dwelli; 

lown down, other buildings unroofed or a 

■all forced in, nearly all the timber on 

lany farms prostrated, cattle killed and 

people injured by the limb of trees carried 

through the air, steamboats wrecked, coal 

id other boats sunk. The tornado p.assed 

from Louisville to Portsmouth, Ohio, 245 

lies, desolating a space some 40 miles wide, 

two hours. In some neighborhoods, 

jl destroyed the growing crops. Old 

sidents speak of a similar tornado, but 

5s severe, in 1807. 

May 27— Sunday— A violent storm of 
ind at 1 A. M., visits Louisville and the 
rrounding country ; much damage to 
buildings and property, but no lives lost. 
June 4 — A wind storm, with rain, docs 
great damage in Bullitt and Marion coun- 
destroying buildings, damaging crops, 
and uprooting forests. It came from Iowa, 
through Illinois and Indiana, doing ter- 
rible destruction ; it had comparatively 
it its force before reaching Ky. In 
Camanche, Iowa, 38 people were killed and 
y wounded, and across the Mississippi 
river, at Albany, Illinois, 6 were killed 
and over 50 wounded, in 214 minutes that 
the tornado was passing over. 

June 16— In the house of representatives 
of congress, Wm. C. Anderson, the sitting 
member, from the Danville district, Ky., 



84 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



retains his seat, over James S. Chrisman, | 
the contestant, by a vote of 112 to 61. i 

June 23— Mrs. Jarvis T. StanJiford, of | 
Tolleboro, Lewis co., aged 32, has a full 
suit of beard, about 5 inches long, grown 
upon her face since Sept. 1, 1859 ; it is 
thick, very dark and coarse like a man's 
beard, and has never been trimmed ; no 
beard on her upper lip, and none from her 
mouth down over the middle of her chin 
to her neck, a space one inch wide. 

June 23 — Adjourned session of the Dem- 

serious disagreement, resulting in the with- 
drawal of 105 delegates, mainly from the 
Southern states ; vote for nominee for pres- 
ident, Stephen A. Douglas \Ti)4, James 
Guthrie 9, John C. Breckinridge 5, scatter- 
ing and blank 25; ne.tt ballot, Douglas 
1813^, the rest scattering; Douglas unan- 
imously declared the nominee, by the %As 
vote required by the usage of the party ; 
Benj. Fitzpatrick, of Ala., nominated for 
vice president. [He declined, subsequently, 
and Herschel V. Johnson, of Georgia, was 
nominated.] Every state represented ex- 
cept Delaware, South Carolina, Florida, 
Mississippi, Texas, California and Oregon ; 
Georgia in part, but refused to vote. 

Of the Ky. delegation, 9 withdrew — 
Quarles, Lafayette Green, Jas. G. Leach, 
John Kendrick, Colbert Cecil, John Dish- 
man, Richard M. Johnson, James B. Beck 
and Robert McKee ; 6 declined to vote— 
Geo. Alfred Caldwell, R. K. Williams, 
Wm. Bradley, Thos. I. Young, Richard P. 
Butler and S. B. Field ; 9 voted for Dong- 
las- Dr. D. P. White, John C. Mason, 
Morgan, Geo. T. Wood, Sharp, Benj. J. 
Spalding, Wm. B. Read, Speed, and Hub- 
bard D. Helm. 

The delegates who withdrew met in 
another hall and organized ; 21 states rep- 
resented ; first ballot for nominee for pres- 
ident, John C. Breckinridge 81, Daniel S. 
Dickinson (of N. Y.) 24; the latter votes 
■were changed to Breckinridge, and he 
was unanimously nominated ; Gen. Joseph 
Lane, of Oregon, nominated for vice pres- 
ident. 

Aug. 6 — Gen. Leslie Combs elected clerk 
of the court of appeals, to fill vacancy 
caused by the death of Rankin R. Revill : 
Combs (Bell and Everett candidate) 68,165, 
Clinton McClarty (Breckinridge) 44,942, 
Robert R. Boiling (Douglas, independent) 
10,971, Brent Hopkins 829, other candi- 
dates 325— Combs' majority over McClarty 
23,223. For the school tax (3 cents addi- 
tional) "2,864, against it 45,462— maj. 27,- 
402, and yet, as the law required 79,695 
votes (a majority of all entitled to vote) 
the measure failed to be adopted by the 
people. Belville J. Peters (democrat) 
elected judge of the court of appeals in 
the eastern or first district : Peters 16,710, 
James Simpson (independent) 15,524 — 
maj. 1,186. 

Aug. 7 — Severe shock of earthquake at 
Henderson, at 9)4 x. u., lasting 8 or 10 
seconds and causing much consternation ; 
felt slightly at Louisville. 



Aug. 8— Sale, under decree of Fayette 
circuit court, of Lexington and Big Sandy 
Railroad ; Wm. T. Nichols purchaser, for 
a company, at $60,000. 

Census of 1860 show Kentucky the 
ninth state in point of population. Total 
population 1,155,684 ; whites 919,484, of 
which foreign-born 59,799 ; free colored 
10,684, slaves 225,483. Total increase 
since 1850, 17% per cent; foreign-born 
increase 90 J^ per cent; slave increase 7 
per cent. 

Sept. 22 — Kentucky state bonds sold in 
New York city at 105i^. 

Oct. — A French meteorologist named 
Renou predicts a series of severe winters, 
of which the approaching winter is to be 
the first, and that of 1871 the most severe. 
He finds that unusual displays of aurora 
borealis, frequent earthquakes, and an in- 
crease of spots on the sun, are simultane- 
ous and denote the coming of severe 
winters. 

Nov. 6 — Vote for president and vice 
president : Bell and Everett 66,016, Breck- 
inridge and Lane 52,836, Douglas and 
Johnson 25,644, Lincoln and Hamlin 1,- 
366 ; Bell over Breckinridge 13,180, and 
over Douglas 40,372 ; Breckinridge over 
Douglas 27,192 ; total vote cast 145,862. 

Nov. 15 to 30 — Secession feeling growing; 
great excitement, in the south. 

Nov. 16 — Important letter from Gov. 
Magoffin to Samuel I. M. Major, jr., editor 
Frankfort l>omni!— on " what will Ken- 
tucky do, and what ought she to do, now 
that Lincoln is elected president." 

Nov. 18— Maj. Robert Anderson ordered 
from Ky. to Fort Moultrie, in Charleston 
harbor, to relieve Col. Gardner, ordered to 
Texas. 

Nov. 19 to Dec. 1— Union meetings, 
usually without distinction of party, in 
Frankfort, Newport, Hardinsburg, Brooks- 
ville, Maysville, Mount Sterling, Vanoe- 
burg, and other places. 

The following Southern banks suspend 
specie payments : 

Nov. 22— Virginia and Washington city 
banks ; 23 — Heavy cotton factors in New 
Orleans stop payments; 24 — Banks at 
Charleston, S. C, suspend specie pay- 
ments; 26 — Union, Planters', and State 
banks of Tennessee, at the request of the 
community ; 28 — South Carolina banks 
generally ; Dec. 1 — Georgia banks. 

Nov, 30-Western lunatic asylum at Hop- 
kinsville — the largest and most costly 
building in the state — destroyed by fire ; 
loss over $200,000 ; one life lost, the car- 
penter; the patients, some 250, all saved ; 
the fire first seen on the roof among the 
shingles, and a high wind blowing; a 
metallic roof would have pre%-ented the fire. 

Dec. 3 — President Buchanan's message, 
which denies the right of secession, is 
fiercely attacked by senator Clingman, of 
N. C, and defended by senator Critten- 
den, of Ky. 

Dec. 5— The U. S. treasury suspends 
specie payments. 

Dec. 8 — In response to recent applica- 



1861. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



tions for suspension of specie payment, Ky. 
banks determine that such a measure would 
afford no commercial relief; consequently 
they will continue to pay specie as usual. 

Dec. 9 — Gov. MagoCnn by circular sub- 
mits six propositions to the consideration 



peal all laws of any free state which nul- 
lify, or obstruct operation of, the fugitive 

2. So amend the fugitive slave law as to 
enforce its execution in every free state, 
and provide to the owner of the slave com- 
pensation, from the state which fails to de- 
liver him up or obstructs his recovery. 

3. Congress to pass a law compelling 
governors of free states to return as fugi- 
tives from justice any who are indicted for 
stealing or enticing away slaves. 

4. So amend the U. S. constitution as to 
provide for a division of all territories be- 
tween the free and slave states — all north 
of 37° to come in as free states, and all 
south as slave states, when they have re- 
quisite population. 

5. Amend U. S. constitution so as to 
guarantee the free navigation of the Mis- 
sissippi river, forever, to all the states. 

6. So alter the constitution as to give 
the south power, say in the U. S, senate, 
to protect itself from unconstitutional or 
oppressive legislation upon slavery. 

Dec. 18 — John J. Crittenden introduced 
his famous compromise in the U. S. senate. 
It was this : To renew the Missouri line 
of 38° 30' ; prohibit slavery Eorth, and 
permit it south, of that line ; admit new 
states with or without slavery, as their 
constitutions may provide ; prohibit con- 
gress from abolishing slavery in the states, 
and in the District of Columbia so long as 
it exists in Virginia or Maryland ; permit 
free transmission of slaves by land or 
water, in any state ; pay for fugitive slaves 
rescued after arrest ; repeal the inequality 
of commissioners* fees in the fugitive slave 
act ; and to ask the repeal of personal lib- 
erty bills in the northern states. These 
concessions to be submitted to the people 
as amendments to the U. S. constitution, 
and if adopted never to be changed. 

Dec. 18— Great speech of John J. Crit- 
tenden in the U. S. senate, on the proposed 
compromise of the slavery question. 

Dec. 20— Caleb Cushing reaches Charles- 
ton with a message from President Bu- 
chanan, guaranteeing that Mnj. Anderson 
should not be reinforced, and asking the 
South Carolina convention, then in session, 
to respect the Federal laws ; the conven- 
tion refuses to make any promises. 

Doc. 22— The Crittenden compromise 
propositions voted down in the U. S. sen- 
ate-committee of 13. 

Dec. 24— Judge Muir, of Jefferson cir- 
cuit court at Louisville, decides the mili- 
tary law passed last winter not contrary 
to the law of congress nor to the constitu- 
tion of Ky. 

Dee. 25— Col. W. S. Featherstonc, as 
commissioner from the governor of Mis- 



sissippi and at the instance of the Missis- 
sippi legislature, visits Frankfort, and 
appeals to Gov. Magoffin to call an extra 
session of the legislature, to take steps for 
co-operation with Mississippi and the south 
'* in the adoption of efficient measures for 
their common defense and safety." 

Dec. 27— Mnj. Robert Anderson ^ofKy.), 
U. S. army, in command in Charleston 
harbor, burns the inside of Fort Moultrie, 
spikes the guns, and retires, with his 
band of 80 men, to Fort Sumter, in the 
mouth of the harbor — because more de- 
fensible than Fort Moultrie. This move- 
ment creates intense excitement; troops 
are ordered out in Charleston, and Georgia 
and other states tender aid ; fortifications 
for attack erected, on both shores. 

Dec. 27— S. F. Hale, commissioner from 
Alabama, calls upon, and has conference 
by letter with, Gov. Magoffin, proposing 
co-operation with southern states to secure 
a redress of wrongs, &c. 

Dee. 27 — Gov. Magoffin issues his proc- 
lamation for a called session of the legis- 
lature, on Jan. 17, 1861. 

1861, Jan. 1— Capital and circulation of 
Ky. banks, at this date for several years 

Capital. Circulation. 

1857 $10,433,400 $13,485,685 

1859 12,141,725 14,345,696 

1860 12,660,670 13,520,207 

1861 13,429,725 10,267,202 

Jan. 4 — Fast-day, appointed by procla- 
mation of President Buchanan, is observed 
in Kentucky and other border states. 

Jan. 4 — Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, 
D.D. LL.D., addresses an immense as- 
sembly in Lexington, on the state of the 
country, 

Jan. 5— Steamer Star of the West sails 
from New York with supplies and rein- 
forcements for Fort Sumter. Arrives off 
Charleston, Jan. 9, is fired upon by Con- 
federate batteries and driven back to 

Jan. 7 — A committee of one member 
from the representation in congress of the 
states of Maryland, Kentucky, Ohio, New 
Jersey, Delaware, Virginia, Pennsylvania, 
Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Missouri, Ar- 
kansas, North Carolina and Tennessee, 
agrees upon a scheme of compromise — 
generally spoken of as the " Border State 
proposition " — which Mr. Crittenden, who 

as a member of the committee, accepts 
a substitute for his own. 

Jan. 8— The constitutional Union [Bell 
& Everett] convention, and the Democratic 
Union [Douglas] convention, assemble in 
Louisville. Ex-Gov. John L. Helm pre- 
sided over the former, and Ex-Gov. Chas. 
A. Wickliffe over the latter. Among the 
resolutions agreed upon by a joint com- 
mittee of conference, and vnanhnously 
adopted by both conventions, are these: 

"Resolved, That we. recommend the 
adoption of the propositions of our dis- 
tinguished senator, John J. Crittenden, as 
a fair and honorable adjustment of tho 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKT. 



1861 



difficulties which divide and distract the 
people of our beloved country. 

" Resolved, That we recommend to the 
legislature of the state, to put the amend- 
ments of senator Crittenden in form, and 
submit them to the other states ; and that, 
if the disorganization of the present Union 
is not arrested, the states agreeing to these 
amendments of the federal constitution 
shall form a separate confederacy, with 
power to admit new states under our glori- 
ous constitution thus amended. 

" Resolved, That we deplore the exist- 
ence of a Union to be held together by the 
sword, with laws to be enforced by stand- 
ing armies ; it is not such a Union as our 
fathers intended, and not worth preserv- 
ing." 

These two conventions, by joint action, 
appointed a central committee, composed of 
John H. Harney, Wm. F. Bullock, Geo. 
D. Prentice, James Speed, Chas. Ripley, 
Wm. P. Boone, Phil. Tompert, Hamilton 
Pope, Nat. Wolfe, and Lewis E. Harvie. 

Jan. 10 — Letter from Vice President 
John C, Breckinridge, on the Crittenden 
compromise, <fee. 

Jan. 16 — The Crittenden compromise 
practically voted down in the U. S. senate 
— by adopting a substitute, that the con- 
stitution is good enough, and that seces- 
sion ought to be put down. 

Jan. 17— Legislature meets in called 
session. Gov. MagofBn's message reeom- 

ends that body to adopt resolutions in- 

: states, in- 
cluding Tennessee and North Carolina, 
and of such other states as may choose to 
co-operate ; also, to " declare by resolution 
the unconditional disapprobation of Ken- 
tucky of the employment of force in any 
form against the seceding states." 

The adjutant-general reports, as the 
sum total of arms belonging to the state, 
58 pieces of ordnance, 11,283 muskets, 
3,159 rifles, and 2,873 cavalry arms. 45 
companies of the State Guard are '• admi- 
rably drilled in rifle tactics, handsomely 
uniformed, and fully armed and equipped." 

Jan. 19 — The house of representatives, 
by a vote of 66 to 23, " directed the ser- 
geant-at-arms to hoist the American flag 
overthecapltolduring the present session." 

Jan. 21 — The following resolutions, by 
Geo. W. Ewing, of Logan county, adopted 
in the house; the first unanimously, the 
second by 87 to 6 ; they were not acted on 
by the senate: 

"Resolved, That this general assembly 
has heard with profound regret of the res- 
olutions recently adopted by the states of 
New York, Ohio, Maine, and Massaohu- 
aetts^tendering men and money to the 
president of the United States, to be used 
in coercing certain sovereign states of the 
South into obedience to the federal govern- 

" Resolved, That this general assembly 
receives the action of the legislatures of 
New York, Ohio, Maine, and Massachu- 
setts, as the indication of a purpose upon 



the part of the people of those states to 
further complicate existing difficulties, by- 
forcing the people of the south to the ex- 
tremity of submission or resistance. And 
so regarding it, the governor of the state 
of Kentucky is hereby requested to inform 
the executives of each of said states that 
it is the opinion of this general assembly, 
that whenever the authorities of these 
states shall send armed forces to the south 
for the purpose indicated in said resolu- 
tions, the people of Kentucky, uniting 
with their brethren of the south, will as 
one man resist such invasion of the soil of 
the south at all hazards and to the last ex- 
tremity." 

Jan. 24 — Death of ex-governor Robert 
P. Letcher. 

Jan. 25 — Legislature, by resolutions, ap- 
peals to congress to call a convention for 
proposing amendments to the constitution 
of the United States, pursuant to the 5th 
article thereof. 

Jan. 29— The senate unanimously, and 
the house by 81 to 5, appoints six com- 
missioners to the peace conference, Feb. 4, 
at Washington city — in accordance with 
the invitation of the Virginia legislature: 
Wm. 0. Butler, James B. Clay, Chas. S. 
Mnrehead, Joshua F. Bell, Chas. A. Wick- 
liffe, and James Guthrie ; and appropriates 
$500 each for their compensation and ex- 
penses. 

Feb. 4 — Peace Conference assembles in 
Washington city, 21 states represented by 
133 commissioners, and continues in session 
until Feb. 27— ex-president John Tyler 
chairman. They submit as their plan of 
settlement and pacification, certain amend- 

Art. XIII, with 7'5ections, and ask con- 
gress to submit the same to conventions in 
the states. 

Feb. 5 — Covington and Cincinnati bridge 
company authorized to issue $5110,000 of 
preferred stock, which may receive 15 per 
cent per annum dividends before the com- 
mon stock receives anything 9— $20,- 

000 appropriated towards new building for 
western lunatic asylum at Hopkinsville. 

Feb. 11 — Legislature, declaring further 
action at this time on political affairs both 
unnecessary and inexpedient, [i. e., refus- 
ing to call a convention which might take 
the state out of the Union] adjourns to 
20th March next. 

March — U. S. supreme court decides 
against granting the mandamus, in the 
case of the Governor of Kentuckv r». the 
Governor of Ohio, for the surrender of the 
free negro, Willis Lago, as a fugitive from 
justice— he being indicted in Woodford 
county, Ky., for assisting a slave to escape 

March 16 — "Union" speech of James 
Guthrie, at Louisville. 

March —Joshua F. Bullitt elected 
judge of the court of appeals, in place of 
Henry C. Wood, dec'd. 

March 22— Dr. Fox, of the navy, visits 
Maj. Anderson in Fort Sumter, as special 
messenger of the government. 



1861. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



87 



March 22— Got. Magoffin vetoes a bill for 
the benefit of the Bank of Louisville and 
other banks, and also a bill to amend the 
charters of the banks of Kentucky; both 
vetoes are sustained. 

March 22— Ex-Governors Chas. A. Wick- 
liffe and Chas. S. Morehead address the 
legislature and public at Frankfort, ex- 
plaining their course in the peace confer- 
ence at Washington. 

March 20— John J. Crittenden is enthu- 
siastically welcomed, on his return home 
to Frankfort, by a great concourse of citi- 
zens and by both branches of the legisla- 
ture, and by a reception speech by Judge 
Mason Brown. 26 — By special invitation 
of the legislature, he addresses that body 
and the public, in the hall of the house. 

March 28— Legislature authorizes $200,- 
000 sinking fund money to be loaned to 
the state for ordinary revenue purposes. 

April 2 — John C. Breckinridge, by spe- 
cial invitation, addresses the legislature, 
upon national affairs. 

April 3 — Legislature calls a border slave 
state convention for the 27th of May, at 
Frankfort, and provides for the election of 
one delegate from each congressional dis- 
trict 4— Ratifies the following amend- 
ment to the U. S. constitution, as proposed 
by congress : " No amendment shall be 
made to the constitution which will author- 
ize or give congress power to abolish or in- 
terfere, within any state, with the domestic 
institutions thereof, including that of per- 
sons held to labor or service by the laws 

of said state." $19,400 appropriated 

for constructing an arsenal at Frankfort, 
and for machinery and labor for repairs of 

arms therein Administrator of Martin 

Looker authorized to bring suit, in the 
Louisville chancery court, against the 
state of Kentucky Ky. banks author- 
ized to issue notes under $5 ; also, suspen- 
sion of specie payment to be legalized on 

certain contingency Turnpike and 

bridge companies in which the state is a 
stockholder required to declare semi-an- 
nual dividend in July and January, if any 
profits, and pay same into treasury within 
20 days— under penalty of $100 fine upon 
each director. 

April 7 — Gen. Beauregard notifies Maj. 
Anderson that intercourse between Fort 
Sumter and the city of Charleston would 
no longer be permitted. 

April 8— OfiBoial notice given, that sup- 
plies would be sent to Maj. Anderson — by 
force if necessary. 

April 11 — Beauregard demands of Maj. 
Anderson the surrender of Fort Sumter; 
it is declined. 

April 12— Bombardment of Fort Sum- 
ter begins at 4:30 A. M., and continues all 
day ; partially suspended at nightfall. 
The rebels, or Confederates, fire at inter- 
vals all night ; they have in action 17 mor- 
tars, and 30 large guns, mostly columbiads. 
Sumter is silent, during the night. 

April 13— At 7 J. M., Fort Sumter opens 
fire. At 9, the officers' quarters arc fired 
by a shell ; at 10, the flag is shot down ; 



at 12, most of the wood-work of the fort is 
on fire, and the men almost ceasing their 
fire, roll out 90 barrels of powder to pre- 
vent explosion, and are forced to destroy 
it, by the spread of the flames ; cartridges 
are gone, and none can be made ; at 1 p. 
M., the flagstaff is shot away, when the 
flag is nailed to the piece, and displayed 
from the ramparts. A flag of truce is sent 
and arrangements for evacuating the fort 
are made. At 1:55 p. m., the flag is 
hauled down, and the garrison departs 
upon honorable terms, bearing their flag, 
arms and private property. During the 

April 14 — Maj. Anderson and his men 
leave Fort Sumter, and sail for New York. 

April 15 — President Lincoln by procla- 
mation co.lls for 75,000 troops, and com- 
mands the rebels to return to peace within 
20 days. 

April 15 — Correspondence by telegraph 
between the U. S. secretary of war and 
the governor of Ky. : 

Washington, AprillS, 1861. 
To His Excellency, Hon. Beriah Magof- 
fin, Governor of Kentucky : 

Call is made on you by to-night's mail 
for four regiments of militia for immedi- 
ate service. SIMON CAMERON, 

Secretary of War. 

Frankfort, April 15, 1861. 
Hon. Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, 
Washington City : 

Your despatch is reviewed. In answer, 
I say, emphaticalli/, Kentucky will furnish 
no troops for the wicked purpose of sub- 
duing her sister Southern States. 

Yours, B. MAGOFFIN. 

Governor of Ky. 

April 17— Speech of John J. Crittenden 
at Lexington, to a large audience. He 
appeals to Kentucky to take no part in 
the fratricidal war impending between the 
North and the South, but to stand firm in 
the attitude of a peaceful mediator, remon- 
strating with both sections against involv- 
ing the nation in civil war, the fatal 
consequences of which no wisdom nor 
foresight could foretell. His advice was — 
not to be forced into civil strife for the 
North, nor dragged into it for the South — 
to take no part with either. Kentucky 
had done nothing to bring the war about ; 
she hnd not invited it, it was against her 
interest, she should do nothing to promote 
it; but by all the moral force of her posi- 
tion, should bravely hold on to the flag of 
the Union, and under its broad folds ex- 
tend the hand of conciliation to both. 

April 18— The "Union state central 
committee** — i. e., John H. Harney, Geo. 
D. Prentice, Chas. Ripley, Phil. Tompert, 
Nat. ^Volfe, Wm. F. Bullock, Jas. Speed, 
Wm. P. Boone, Ham. Pope, and Lewis E. 
Harvie — in an '* Address to the people of 
the Commonwealth," say : 

" Kentucky, through her Executive, has 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKy. 



1861. 



describes as ' Combinations too powerful to 
be suppressed in tiie ordinary way,' &c.] 
She has refused to comply with it. And 
in this refusal she has acted as became 
her. We approve the response of the Ex- 
ecutive of the Commonwealth. One other 
appeal now demands a response from Ken- 
tuclsy. The Government of the Union has 
appealed to her to furnish men to suppress 
the revolutionary combinations in the cot- 
ton states. She has refused. She has 
most wisely and justly refused. Seditious 
leaders in the midst of us now appeal to 
her to furnish men to uphold those combi- 
nations against the Government of the 
Union. Will she comply with this appeal ? 
Ought she to comply with it ? We answer, 

with emphasis, NO 1 She ought clearly 

to comply with neither the one appeal nor 
the other. And, if she be not smitten 
with judicial blindness, she will not. The 
present duty of Kentucky is to maintain 
her present independent position — tailing 
sides not with the Government and not 
with the seceding states, but with the 
Union against them both ; declaring her 
soil to be sacred from the hostile tread of 
either, and, if necessary, making the decla- 
ration good with her strong right arm. 
And — to the end that she may be fully 
prepared for this last contingency and all 
other possible contingencies— we would 
have her arm herself lUrouyhly at the ear- 
liest practicable moment. 

" What the future duty of Kentucky may 
be, we of course cannot with certainty 
foresee; but if the enterprise announced 
in the proclamation of the President should 
at any time hereafter assume the aspect of 
a war for the overrunning and subjugation 
of the seceding states— through the full as- 
sertion therein of the national jurisdiction 
by a standing military force — we do not 
hesitate to say that Kentucky should 
promptly unsheath her sword in behalf of 
what will then have become the common 
cause. Such an event, if it should occur — 
of which, we confess, there does not ap- 
pear to us to be a rational probability — 
could have but one meaning ; a meaning 
which a people jealous of their liberty 
would be keen to detect, and which a peo- 
ple worthy of liberty would be prompt and 
fearless to resist. When Kentucky de- 
tects this meaning in the action of the gov- 
ernment, she ought — without counting the 
cost — to take up arms at once ngainst the 
government. Until she does detect this 
meaning, she ought to hold herself independ- 
ent of both sides, and compel both sides to 
respect the inviolability of her soil." 

April 18— Union meeting at Louisville, 
addressed by James Guthrie, Archibald 
■ Dixon, Wm. F. Bullock, and John Young 
Brown — in favor of Kentucky occupying 
a mediatorial position in the present con- 
test; opposing the call of the President 
for volunteers for the purposes of coercion 
or the raising of troops for the Confed 
eracy ; asserting that secession was n( 
remedy for the pending evils, and tha 
Kentucky would not take part with eithe: 



side — at the same time declaring her soil 
sacred against the hostile tread of either. 
Resolutions were adopted that the Confed- 
erate States having commenced the ifar, 
Kentucky assumed the right to choose her 
position, and that she would be loyal un- 
til the Government became the aggressor. 
April 20 — A large meeting at Paris con- 
demns the conduct of the Administration, 
and approves that of Gov. Magoffin. 

April 22 — Capt. Joe Desha, with a com- 
pany of over 100 men, leaves Harrison 
county for the Confederacy. Other com- 
panies leave, from other parts of the state. 
April 22— Hon. L. P. Walker, Secretary 
of War of the Confederate States, requests 
Gov. Magoffin " to furnish one regiment 
of infantry, without delay, to rendezvous 
at Harper's Ferry, Virginia." Gov. M. 
" promptly, and in the fewest words, de- 
clined to comply with the request." 

April 2.3 — Louisville city council appro- 
priates $50,000 to arm the city and place 
its citizens in a defensible position ; sub- 
sequently, the amount was increased to 
$200,000, subject to a vote of the people. 

April 25— Gov. Magoffin applies to the 
banks of issue for temporary loans, to pay 
for arms contracted for or ordered ; there 
is placed to his official credit, by the 
Southern Bank of Ky. $60,000, by the 
Bank of Louisville and Commercial Bank 
each $10,000, and the People's Bank is 
ready with its quota. The other banks 
declined his application. The Bank of 
Kentucky agreed to fun 
vided the money be used ( 
the state for self-defense and pn 
to prevent aggression or invasion from 
either the North or the South, and to pro- 
tect the present status of Kentucky in the 
Union." 

April 26— President Lincoln, in a con- 
versation in Washington city with Hon. 
Garret Davis, of Paris, Ky., states dis- 
tinctly that he would make no military 
movement upon any state or section that 
did not offer armed resistance to the .au- 
thorities of the United States, or the exe- 
cution of the laws of congress ; that he 
contemplated no military operations that 
would require him to march troops into or 
across Kentucky, and therefore he should 
not attempt it ; that if Kentucky, or her 
people, should seize upon the U. S. post at 
Newport, it would be his duty, and he 
might attempt, to retake it; that it was 
the duty of Kentucky to have furnished 
he quota of troops for which he made the 
equisition upon her, but that he had 
right nor disposition to co- 



lish her quota, pro- 
iIy"fo, 



nd if she made 



apon 



r own government of the United States, 

would make no war upon her. 

April 27 — President Lincoln tells Hon. 
Warner L. Underwood, of Ky., that "he 
hoped Ky. would stand by the Govern- 
ment, in the present difficulties; but, if 
she would not do that, let her stand still 
and take no hostile part against it ; and 
th.at no hostile step should tread her soil." 

President Lincoln had previously, in his 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



inaugural address, March 4, 1861, said: 
" I declare that I have no purpose, di- 
rectly or indirectly, to interfere with the 
institution of slavery in the states where 
it exists. I believe I have no lawful right 
to do so ; and I have no inclination to do 
so. Those who nominated and elected me 
did so with the full knowledge that I had 
made this and many similar declarations, 
and had never recanted them. And, more 
than this, they placed in the platform for 
my acceptance— as a law to themselves and 
to me — the clear and emphatic resolution 
which I now read : 

" ' Resolved, Th.at the maintenance in- 
violate of the rights of the States— and 
especially the right of each State to order 
and control its own domestic institutions 
according to its own judgment exclusively 
• — is essential to the balance of power on 
which the perfection and endurance of our 
political fabric depend ; and we denounce 
the lawless invasion, by an armed force, 
of the Government of any State or Terri- 
tory, no matter under what pretext, as 

April 29— Southern Rights' ticket for 
delegates to the Border State convention 
withdrawn, by order of the State central 

April 30— Death at Jacksonville, Illi- 
nois, aged 79, of Mrs. Elizabeth Logan 
Clay, widow of Rev. Porter Clay, a brother 
of the great statesman Henry Clay. She 
was a daughter of a leading Ky. pioneer. 
Gen. Ben. Logan ; her first husband w.as 
Gen. Martin D. Hardin, U. S. senator from 
Kv. in 1816-17; and one of her sons was 
the gaUant Col. John J. Hardin, of an 
Illinois regiment, who fell at Buena Vista. 

May 1 — Railroad trains from Nashville 
to Louisville crowded to overflowing with 
people going North. 

May 1 — Gov. MagofBn having asked the 
governors of Indiana and Ohio to "co- 
operate with him in a propositon to the 
government at Washington for peace, by 
the border states, as mediator between the 
contending parties ;*' and further — through 
Col. Thos. L. Crittenden as his representa- 



^toCii 



et the 



having "solicited their co-operation in an 
effort to bring about a truce between the 
general government and the seceded states, 
until the meeting of congress in extraor^- 
nary session, in the hope that the action 
of that body may point out the way to a 
peaceful solution of our national troubles ; " 
Gov. Wm. Dennison, of Ohio, replies that. 



■the 



aeral 



wholly in the right, he can see no reason 
for the interposition suggested; any other 
peaceful solution is impossible, than the 
return of the seceded states to their allegi- 
ance to the government of the Union ; a 
truce would only aggravate the impending 
evils." Gov. 0. P. Morton, of Indiana, 
replies that he does "not recognize the right 
of any state to act as mediator between 
the federal government and a rebelli<nis 
state ; he declines the co-operation sought 
for, believing the action of the federal 



government strictly in accordance with the 
constitution and the law of the land ; ho 
believes Kentucky bound to obey the 
requisitions of the president, and invokes 
her to take her stand with Indiana, on 
the side of the Union." 



for delegates to 
m: "Union" 
1, Ja 



May 4 — Special electioi 
the Border State conven 
ticket— John J. Crittenden, James Guth 
rie, R. K. Williams, Archie Dixon, Francis 
M. Bristow, Joshua F. Bell, Chas. A. 
Wickliffe, Geo. W. Dunlap, Chas. S. More- 
head, Jas. F. Robinson, John B. Huston, 
Robert Richardson — elected, without op- 
position, receiving 107,334 votes in 105 
counties. No returns from five counties, 
Ballard, Hickman, Marshall, Simpson, and 
Woodford. 

May 6 — Legislature in called session, 
until May 24, when it adjourns sine die— 
having fixed the first Monday in Septem- 
ber as the day of meeting for the next leg- 
islature, to be chosen in August. 

Gov. Magoffin's message " renews tha 
recommendation of a previous message, 
for the passage of a law providing for the 
submission to the people of the question 
of a convention, and the election of dele- 
gates ; " says " the very homes and fire- 
sides of our people are unprotected ag.ainst 
invasion from without or servile insurrec- 
tion within ;" the people appeal for arms ; 
he recommends the necessary measures to 
place the commonwealth in a condition of 
military defense. 

May 8 to 18— Petitions pour in to the 
legislature, daily, from the " Mothers, 
AVives, Sisters, Daughters of Kentucky," 
praying to " guard them from the direful ca- 
lamity of civil war, by allowing Kentucky 
to maintain inviolate her armed neutrality ;" 
from the counties of Bracken (241), Larue 
(143% Clark, Pendleton, Nelson, Boyle, 
Bourbon, Bath, Mason, Campbell, Fayette, 
Woodford, Lincoln, Kenton, Anderson, 
Muhlenburg, Nicholas, Warren, Mercer, 
Rockcastle, G.arrard, Whitley, Knox, Lau- 
rel, Breckinridge, Adair, Graves, Henry, 
Grant, Fleming, and McLean ; and from 
the cities and towns of Louisville, Lexing- 
ton, Covington, Maysville, Elizabethtown, 
Frankfort, Flemingsburg, Nicholasville, 
Hustonville, Harrodsburg, and Princeton. 

May 10 — Gov. Mogofiin, in reply to a 
request of the legislature therefor, in a 
special message promptly furnishes the 
details of his efforts to borrow money and 
therewith purchase arms and military sup- 
jdies for the state, the kind of arms ob- 
tained, and the contracts made; allude^ 
to the efforts of the Louisville city council 
to purch.ase arms for defense of that city ; 
says the Confederate States have made no 
roqjiisit.ion upon Ky. for troops, nor has ho 
bad any ofiieial correspondence with the 
Confederate States' president or govern- 
ment. 

May 10— At an informal conference of 
leading men of both the Bell and Douglas 
parties, John J. Crittenden, Archibald 
Dixon and Samuel S. Nicholas were se- 
lected as representatives of those parties. 



90 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1861. 



to negotiate with three representative men 
of the Brecliinridge party whom they se- 
lected and proposed — Gov. Beriah Ma- 
goSBn, John 0. Breckinridge, and Richard 
Hawes — and who should first be recognized 
by that party. It was believed that those 



persons wc 



,ild be authorized — by the 



members of those parti 
the' legislature, then in session — to de- 
vise an adjustment that all would combine 
to make the united action of the state, in 
the then alarming condition of the coun- 
try. Those men promptly and cheerfully 
left their homes and repaired to Frankfort, 
anxious if possible to avert the threatened 
civil war and preserve the peace of the 
state, if not of the country. In the even- 
ing of the day they arrived, a caucus of 
the Breckinridge members of the legisla- 
ture was held in the representative hall, 
and a similar one of the members of the 
united Bell and Douglas (who called them- 
selves the " Union ") parties in the senate 
chamber — each eagerly consenting to the 
mode of arbitrament proposed, and agree- 
ing (the former, at least, unnnimomly) to 
abide by, and carry out by legislative 
action, whatever the Six " arbitrators " 
should agree in recommending. 

Next morning the Six met in conference. 
The first distinct proposition was made by 
the three Breckinridge Democrats — that 
the legislature should call a state conven- 
tion, as representing the sovereignty of 
the people, to determine what should be 
done. This was positively and earnestly 
resisted, and after free interchange of 
opinions rejected. 

The second leading proposition was — 
that the state of Kentucky should not 
take part either with the federal govern- 
ment or with the seceded states, in the 
conflict then impending ; but should oc- 
cupy a position of armed neutrality, for- 
bidding .and resisting the entrance of either 
upon her territory. This was unanimously 
adopted. 

The remaining subject of consideration, 
of long and serious consideration and dis- 
cussion, was the raising, arming, organiz- 
ing and equipping the military forces of 
the stale. The Union party, it was said, 
would not consent to leave this extraordi- 
nary power and discretion in the hands of 
Gov. Magofiin. It was ultimately agreed 
to entrust it to a board of five persons, to 
be estnblished by act of the legislature; 
Gen. Simon B. Buckner to be one, and the 
others to be selected, two each, by the 
high contracting or arbitrating parties re- 
spectively. The Breckinridge Democrats 
designated Gov. Magoffin, and Geo. W. 
Johnson, of Scott c.unty ; and Messrs. 
Crittenden. Dixon and Nicholas fixed upon 
Archibald Dixon and Samuel Gill, the latter 
the superintendent of the Louisville and 
Lexington railroad. 

This consultation was protracted until 
10 or 11 o'clock, at night. The legislature 
had adjourned at an early hour in the day, 
and the members were, e\'en at that late 
hour, assembled in caucus and anxiously 



awaiting the result of the reference. Mr. 
Ilawes was deputed to communicate it to 
the caucus of Breckinridge Democrats, and 
Judge Nicholas to that of the two Union 
parties. The mission of Mr. Hawes was 
immediately successful ; his Democratic 
friends, after a short discussion, unani- 
mously ratified the entire action of the 
Committee of Six, and resolved to abide 
by and carry out the agreement. Judge 
Nicholas was not so fortunate ; he returned 
at a late hour of the night, and reported 
that he met with strong opposition, chiefly 
confined to the name of Gov. Magoffin as 
one of the board of commissioners. He 
requested the arbitrators to convene, so as 
if possible to substitute an acceptable 
name. 

They met accordingly, next day, and 
discussed the point of embarrassment. 
Gov. Magoffin declining to stand in the 
way of any adjustment, Gustavus W. 
Smith w.as named in his stead. The Dem- 
ocrats in caucus, not a little excited and 
indignant at the breach fif the agreement 
by the Union caucus, ultimately agreed 
unanimously to the report of Mr. Hawes 
.and pledged themselves to carry it nut. 
The Union members in caucus in the sen- 
ate chamber discussed the report, it is 
supposed in no very amiable mood, until 
long after midnight. Judge Nicholas, at 
an early hour next morning, called upon 
the Breckinridge arbitrators, expressed 
himself as deeply mortified that the caucus 
of his party could not agree to carry out 
the .award^adding, with much chagrin, 
that he would wash his hands of the whole 
business, and leave on the morning train 
for his home in Louisville, which he did. 

May 14 — House of representatives, by 
47 to 4.'?, passes a bill authorizing the Har- 
rison county court to borrow $20,000, for 
the purchase of fire arms, sabres, cannon, 
or other implements and equipments of 
war for the use of the county. May 18, 
the senate rejected the bill, yeas 10,nays 15. 

May 15 — A regiment of troops from Ky., 
under Col. Blanton Duncan, now at Har- 
per's Ferry, Virginia, in the Confederate 

May 16 — In the house of representa- 
tives, the report of the committe on fed- 
eral relations — Geo. B. Hodge, chairman, 
Curtis F. Burnam, Nat. Wolfe, John G. 
Carlisle, Jas. B. Lyne, A. F. Gowdy, 
Richard T. Jacob, and Richard A. Buck- 
ner, jr. — was adopted as follows : 

" Considering the deplorable condition 
of the country, and for which the state of 
Kentucky is in no way responsible, and 
looking to the best means of preserving 
the internal peace, and securing the lives, 
liberty and property of the citizens of the 
state ; therefore, 

" Resolved by the House of Representa- 
tives, That this state and the citizens 
thereof should take no part in the civil 
war now being waged, except as mediators 
and friends to the belligerent parties ; and 
that Kentucky should, during the contest, 
occupy the position of strict neutrality. 



1861. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



91 



"Resolved, That the act of the Gov- 
ernor, in refusing to furnish troops or mil- 
itary force upon the call of the executive 
authority of the United States, under ex- 
isting circumstances, is approved." 

The preamble was adopted by yeas 82, 
nays none ; the first resolution, by yeas 
69, nays 26; the second resolution, by 
yeas 89, nays 4 (Thos. H. Clay, Geo. A. 
Houghton, Joshua Tevis, and H. S. Tyc). 

May 18— Lieut. Wm. Nelson, U. S. 
navy, procures at Washington city 5,000 
muskets and bayonets, with a supply of 
cartridges and caps, to be shipped to Cin- 
cinnati, for distribution to the ** home 
guards " and Union men of Kentucky — 
" requiring that every man to whom a gun 
was delivered should pay $1 for it," to re- 
imburse "the price of transportation, and 
some other charges and expenses." Hon. 
Garret Davis " has ordered to be distrib- 
uted to Mason and Fleming and the 
counties backing thera, according to his 
recollection, about 1,500 stand ; to Boyd 
200, to Greenup 200, to Montgomery 100, 
to Bath 100, to Clark 100, to Madison 100, 
to Fayette 200, to Scott 200, to Bourbon 
300, and to the city of Covington 500 ;" 
he says " these arms are intended for true, 
faithful and reliable Union men." 

May 20— Proclamation of Gov. Magoffin, 
in favor of armed neutrality, and " noti- 
fying and warning all other states, whether 
separate or united, and especially the 
' United States ' and the ' Confederate 
States,' that I solemnly forbid any move- 
ment upon the soil of Kentucky, or the oc- 
cupation of any port, post, or place whatever 
within the lawful boundary and jurisdiction 
of this state, by any of the forces under the 
orders of the states aforesaid, for any pur- 
pose whatever — until authorized by invita- 
tion or permission of the legislative and 
executive authorities of this state previ- 
ously granted." 

May 21 — In the house of representa- 
tives, Wm. W. Cleary moved an investi- 
gation " as to the arms brought into this 
state without authority of the laws there- 
of," &c. Nat. Wolfe moved to amend so 
as to require the same committee to report 
about the " Knights of the Golden Circle." 
Referred to the committee on federal rela- 
tions, only three days before adjournment, 
and too late for investigation and report. 

May 24 — Legislature suspends all the 
courts in the state, except for the trial of 
criminal and penal causes — by repealing 
the laws establishing them— until Jan. 1, 

1862 Provides for arming the state, 

under the care and control of a board of 5 
commissioners, Gov. Magoffin, Samuel Gill, 
Geo. T. Wood, Gen. Peter Dudley, and Dr. 
.John B. Peyton — who are authorized to 
borrow, from (he banks of issue in this 
state, $1,060,000, for 10 years at six per 
cent; $760,000 for arms and accoutrements, 
equally distributed between the State 
Guard and such Home Guards as may be 
organized for home and local defense ex- 
clusively (which latter shall not be called 
into the service of the state ;) powder mills 



may be erected ; the state arsenal to be 
controlled by the board ; the Active Mi- 
litia (State Guard) to be trained in camps; 
neither the anna nor the militia are to be used 
" againet the Government of the United 
StateSf nor against the Confederate States, 
unless in protecting our soil from unlawful 
invasion — it being the intention alone that 
said arms and munitions of war are to be 
used for the sole defense of the state of Ken- 
tucky,'' Banks may suspend specie 

payments, without forfeiture of charter. 

iSesides the names finally selected as the 
board of commissioners, the following were 
proposed and passed over: Gen. Simon 
B. Buckner, Col. Thos. L. Crittenden, 
James Speed, AVarner L. Underwood, 
Abraham Buford, and Harry I. Todd. 

May 24— The Governor appoints, with 
the advice and consent of the senate, 
Simon B. Buckner inspector-general, Scott 
Brown adjutant-general, and M. D. West 
quartermaster-general. 

May 24— Within half an hour of finnl 
adjournment, when too late to have action 
upon them in the house of representatives, 
the senate, by 13 to 9, adopted a preamble 
and resolutions offered by John B. Bruner 
— in brief, that " being connected with the 
seceded states geographically, and having 
the same domestic institution, Kentucky 
is unwilling to take up arms against them ; 
being attached to the national government 
under which she has always lived and 
greatly prospered, and having no cause for 
war against it, she cannot take up arms to 
overthrow it; having in good faith taken 
this position, she asks the belligerents to ' 
respect it;" and "with this position, she 
is willing to go before the civilized world, 
and let her conduct pass into history and 
await the candid and calm judgment of 
future and disinterested generations ;" 
therefore 

" Resolved, That Kentucky will not 
sever her connection with the national gov- 
ernment, nor will she take up arms for 
either of the belligerent parties; but will 
arm herself for the one purpose of pre- 
serving tranquillity and peace within her 
own borders." 

Other resolutions tendered "medi.ntion 
to bring about a just and honorable peace," 
and directed the governor to transmit a 
copy of the preamble and resolutions to 
the presidents of the United States and of 
the seceded States, and to the governors 
of all the states. 

May 27 to June 3— Border slave state 
convention in session at Frankfort; com- 
posed of 12 delegates from Ky. (already 
mentioned as elected on May 6), 4 from 
Missouri — Hamilton R. Gamble, Wm. A. 
Hall, John B. Henderson, and Wm. G. 
Pomeroy — and one from Tennessee, John 
Caldwell; John J. Crittenden, president. 
They issue an address " To the people of 
the United States ;" and the Ky. delegates 
another "To the people of Kentucky." 
Chas. S. Morehead, in a note to the lat- 
ter, approves of the policy indicated — of re- 
fusing to furnish troops to the general gov- 



92 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



ernment to proseouto the civil war now 
going on, and tlie policy of neutrality — 
but does not commit himself to all that is 
said upon other matters. 

June 13 — Harrodsburg springs, recently 
used by the U. S. government as the West- 
ern Military Asylum, sold at auction for 
$120,000 to Capt. Thompson as agent for 
a company of gentlemen who design re- 
opening it as a watering place. Two years 
ago the property was offered for $27,500, 
without finding a purchaser. 

June 13— Death of Daniel Vertner, at 
Lexington, aged 92 ; he voted for Wash- 
ington, and at every presidential election 

June 20 — Special election for members 
of congress : 1. Henry C. Burnett (States- 
Eights) 8,988, Lawrence S. Trimble (Un- 
ion) 6,225— maj. 2,763; 2. Jas. S. Jack- 
son 9,271, John T. Bunch 3,368— maj. 
5,903; 3. Henry Grider 10,392, Jos. H. 
Lewis 3,113— maj. 7,279 ; 4. Aaron Hard- 
ing 10,.S44, Albert G. T.ilbott 2,469— maj. 
7,875 ; 5. Chas. A. Wickliffe 8,217, Gen. 
Read 2,719— maj. 5,498; 6. Geo.W. Dun- 
lap 8,181, scattering 229 ; 7. Robert Mal- 
lory 11,035, Horatio W. Bruce 2,862— maj. 
8,173 ; 8. John J. Crittenden 8,272, Wm. 
E. Simms 5,706— maj. 2,566 ; 9. Wm, 
Wadsworth 12,230, John S. Willi 
3,720— maj. 8,510; 10. (Except Boone 
John W. Menzies 8,373; Overton 
Hogan 4,526— maj. 3,847. Union cai 
dates elected except in 1st district. Total 
Union majority 54,760. 

June 24 — Surveyor of port of Louisville 
prohibits shipments over Louisville and 
Nashville railroad, without " permits " 
from his office. 

Inspector-general S. B. Buckner orders 
six companies State Guards, under Col. 
Lloyd Tilghman, to Columbus, Ky., to 
preserve the neutrality of the state in that 
neighborhood. Col. T. resigns, and is 
succeeded by Col. Ben. Hardin Helm. 

July 3— A brilliant comet visible in the 
heavens, from dark till 10 p. M. J. R. 
Hinde, the English astronomer, thinks it 
prob.able that on June 30th, the earth 
passed through the tail of the comet, at a 
distance of perhaps ?^ds of its length 
from the nucleus. He observed, on that 
evening, a peculiar illumination of the sky, 
which he attributes to the comet's tail. 
The comet of 1770 came within 1,500,000 
miles of the earth, the nearest approach 
positively known. 

July 4 — Inauguration of the Henry 
Clay monument, recently completed at 
Lexington. 

July 10 — In the circuit court at Louis- 
ville, in the case of Brady & Davies vs. 
L. & N. R. R. Judge Muir decided thtit 
the United States has a right to stop the 
shipment of goods to the south. 

L.arge purchases of mules in Ky., for. 
U. S. army purposes. 

July 15 — At Camp Boone, 8 miles from 
ClarksviUe, Tennessee, several regiments 
of Kentuckians are volunteering, for the 
Confederate army. 



At camp Clay, opposite Newport, and at 
camp Joe Holt, opposite Louisville, four 
" Kentucky " regiments are volunteering 
for the U. S. army ; probably one-third 
of them are recruited elsewhere, and arc 
not Kentuckians. 

July 22— In the house of representa- 
tives of congress, John J. Crittenden, of 
Ky., offered the following resolution, which 
was adopted, part of it by 121 yeas to 2 
nays, and the balance by 117 yeas to 2 
nays [Henry C. Burnett, of Ky., and John 
W. Reid, of Mo.] : 

t the presci 

i the country 
nists of the S'outhern States, 
against the constitutional 



governmen 
ital ; that i 



thii 



round the 
uergency. 






gress — banishing all feelii 
sion or resentment — will recollect only its 
duty to the whole country ; that this war 
is not waged on their part in any spirit 
of oppression, or for any purpose of con- 
quest or subjugation, or purpose of over- 
throwing or interfering with the rights or 
established institutions of those states, but 
to defend and maintain the supremncij o£ 
the constitution, and to preserve the Union 
with all the dignity, equality and rights 
of the several states unimpaired ; and 
that as soon as these objects are accom- 
plished the war ought to cease." 

A few days later, in the U. S. senate, 
Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, offered a 
resolution to the same purport and almost 
identical in language — which was passed 
by yeas 30, nays 5. [John C. Breckin- 
ridge and Lazarus W. Powell, of Ky., 
Lyman Trumbull, of III., and Trusten 
Polk and W. P. Johnson, of Missouri.] 

Aug. 5 — To the house of representatives 
76 Union and 24 states rights men elected ; 
to the senate, including those who hold 
over, 27 Union and 11 states rights men. 

Aug.— Brig. Gen. Wm. Nelson estab- 
lishes camp Dick Robinson, in Garrard 
county, where companies of Federal sol- 
diers from north-eastern, central, and 
central-southern Ky. are concentrated into 
regiments — all in violation of the neu- 
trality of the st.ate. Aug. 19, Gov. Ma- 
goffin sends Wm. A. Dudley and Frank 
K. Hunt as commissioners to President 
Lincoln, to urge the removal of this force 
from the limits of Ky. The President re- 
plies that this force consists exclusively 
of Kentuckians, in the vicinity of their 
own homes, and was raised at the " urgent 
solicitation of many Kentuckians ;" he de- 
clines to remove it. On the same day, the 
governor despatched Geo. W. Johnson as 
commissioner to the President of the Con- 
federate States, at Richmond, to elicit an 
authoritative assurance that that govern- 
ment will continue to respect Ky. neu- 
trality. President Davis replied that he 
h.ad respected it, and would continue to 
do it, " so long as the people of Ky. will 
maintain it themselves ;" " but neutrality, 
to be entitled to respect, must be strictly 
maintained between both parties." 



1861. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Aug. 20— Arvcst, by Col. T. J. Oglesby, 
commanding Federal forces at Cairo, of 
Messrs. Watson, Stoveall, and Carter, cit- 
izens of Ballard co., Ky. ; they are re- 
leased in two days. 

Com. Rogers, commanding 3 gun-boats 
at Cairo, seizes the steamboat W. B.Terry, 
belonging to three citizens of Paducah 
and one of Mississippi, and claims her as 
a prize, because she was still running in 
her four-years-old trade between Paducah 
and Eastport on the Tennessee river. 

Sept. 3— Confederate troops from Ten- 
nessee occujjy and fortify a strong posi- 
tion at lliclunan and Columbus, Ky. 

Sept. 5 — Federal troops, by order of 
Brig. Gen. U. S. Grant, occupy Paducah 
and other places in Ky. 

Sept. 7— U. S. flag hoisted on the capi- 
tol at Frankfort, by order of the house of 
representatives, by 77 to 20. 

Sept. 9 — " Peace" convention at Frank- 
fort. 

Sept. 9— Major-General Leonidas Polk, 
commanding Confederate army at Colum- 
bus, Ky., notifies Gov. Magoffin that he 
will withdraw his troops from Ky., pro- 
vided the Federal troops are simultane- 
ously withdrawn ; and will guaranty that 
Confederate troops will remain out of the 
state, provided that Federal troops shall 
not again be allowed to enter or occupy 
any point of Kentucky in the future. 

Sept. 10— States' Eights state conven- 
tion in session at Frankfort, Kichard 
Hawes, chairman; 70 counties represented; 
speeches by Wm. Preston, Thos. F. Mar- 
shall, Robert W. Woolley, Lewis E. Har- 
vie, Edward C. Marshall, and others ; 
resolutions adopted deploring the unnatu- 
ral war, advocating strict neutrality, in 
favor of the dispersion of the Federal camps 
in the state, and expressing readiness, 
when that is done, to assist in driving the 
Tennessee invaders from our shores. 

Sept. 11— The house, by 71 to 26, "Re- 
solves, That his excellency. Gov. Magof- 
fin, be instructed to inform those concerned 
that Kentucky expects the Confederate or 
Tennessee troops to be withdrawn from 
her soil, unconditionally;" and then, by 
29 to 68, defeats another resolution re- 
questing the governor to demand the im- 
mediate withdrawal of loth the Federal 
and Confederate troops from the south- 
western part of the state. The senate, by 
25 to 8, adopted the former resolution ; 
which the governor vetoed on 13th, and 
both houses promptly passed it over the 
veto — thus bei7ig driven from or uhandoning 
the '' neutralitif ground'* hitherto consist- 
ently occupied. The governor promptly 
issued his proclamation, as " instructed," 
strictly. 

Sept. 16— New Orleans banks suspend 
specie payments. Ky. banks refuse to 
suspend. Later, many eastern banks sus- 
pend specie payment. 

Sept. — ^The LegisLature in both branches, 
remarkably ingenious, industrious and en- 
terprising in the paper-i?e«o?M(ion line ; 
Resolutions proposed, discussed, amended. 



tabled, adopted, of every variety — princi- 
pally patriotic, or tjttasi patriotic, or stay- 
at-home-and-not-fight patriotic, reasonable 
or unreasonable, discreet or indiscreet, 
well-timed or untimely, amusing or sober, 
liberal or severe, magnanimous or cruel. 
It is the only legislature in eighty years 
since the formation of the state, that de- 
serves to, and probably will, be remembered 
in history as the " Resolution-Legisla- 
ture I " 

Sept. 16— Resolution in the house, to in- 
quire into the expediency of establishing 
a bank based upon the real estate of the 
commonwealth, to be called the People's 
Real Estate Bank of Kentucky, with $5,- 
000,000 capital, and a branch in each con- 
gressional district. 

Sept. 18 — In consequence of the action 
of Confederate generals Polk and ZoUi- 
cofTer, in seizing and occupying certain 
strategic points in Kentucky, the com- 
mittee on federal relations report the fol- 
lowing, in the house of representatives : 

" Whereas, Kentucky has been invaded 
by the forces of the so-called Confederate 
States, and the commanders of the forces 
so invading the State have insolently pre- 
scribed the conditions upon which they 
will withdraw, thus insulting the dignity 
of the State by demanding terms to which 
Kentucky can not listen without .dishonor; 
therefore, 

"1. Be it resolved hy the General Asaem- 
bly of the Commonweaith of Kentucky, That 
the invaders must be expelled ; inasmuch 
as there are now in Kentucky Federal 
troops assembled for the purpose of pre- 
serving the tranquility of the Slate, and 
of defending and protecting the people of 
Kentucky in the peaceful enjoyment of 
their lives and property. It is — 

"2. Further resolved, That General Rob- 
ert Anderson, a native Kentuckian, who 
has been appointed to command of the de- 
partment of Cumberland, be requested to 
take instant command, with authority and 
power from this Commonwealth to call out 
a volunteer force in Kentucky for the pur- 
pose of repelling the invaders from our 

" 3. Resolved, That in using the means 
which duty and honor require shall be 
used to expel the invaders from the soil of 
Kentucky, no citizen shall be molested on 

citizen's property shall be taken or confis- 
cated because of such opinions, nor shall 
any slave be set free by any military com- 
mander, and that all peaceable citizens and 
their families are entitled to, txnd shall re- 
ceive, the fullest protection of the govern- 
ment in the enjoyment of their lives, their 
liberties, and their property. 

" i. Resolved, That his Excellency, the 
Governor of the Commonwealth of Ken- 
:ky, be requested to give all the aid in 
i power to accomplish the end desired by 
3se resolutions, and that he call out so 
ich of the military force of the State 
der his command as may be necessary 
therefor, and that he place the same un- 



04 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1861 



der the command of Gen. Thomas L. 
Crittenden. 

" 5. Bcsohed, That the patriotism of 
every Kentuckian is invoked, and is con- 
fidently relied upon to give active aid in 
the defense of the Commonwealth." 

The resolutions are adopted seriatim — 
the 1st by 73 to 23, the 2d by 69 to 27, 3d 
by 93 to 3, 4th by 72 to 24, 5th, by 73 to 
23, and preamble by 73 to 23. The senate 
adopts them by 26 to 9. Sept. 20, Gov. 
Magoffin, in a forcible and dignified mes- 
sage, vetoes them ; but the house, by 69 to 
21, and the senate, by 24 to 10, immedi- 
ately pass them again, " the objections 
of the governor to the contrary notwith- 
standing." The governor issues his proc- 
lamation, the same day, precisely as re- 
quired in the resolutions. 

Sept.— Brig. Gen. Simon B. Buckner, 
in command of a brigade of Confederate 
troops at Camp Boone, Tenn., near the 
Ky. line, soon moves up to Bowling Green. 
About Sept. 15, Gen. Albert Sidney John- 
ston is appointed to command of the de- 
partment of the West, Confederate States 

Sept. 18 — U. S. post office department 
"issues an order that, as the Louisville 
Courier is an advocate of treason and hos- 
tility to the government and authority of 
the United States, it should be excluded 
from the mails, until further orders." 
And on the same day the publication of 
the paper is interdicted. 

Sept. 18— Brig. Gen. S. B. Buckner, C. 
S. A., with Confederate troops, occupies 
Bowling Green ; and issues a proclamation 
"To the people of Kentucky," giving his 
"own assurance that the force under his 
command will be used to aid the Governor 
of Kentucky in carrying out the 'strict 
neutralitij ' desired by its people whenever 
they undertake to enforce it against the 
two belligerents alike." A portion of his 
forces come as far as Elizabethtown. 

Sept. 18 — Confederate troops burn the 
bridge over Rolling Fork, 5 miles west of 
Muldrow's Hill, on the Louisville and 
Nashville railroad ; and Union men burn 
the bridge at Rollin. 

Sept. 19.— Spirited skirmish at Bar- 
boursville bridge, between Home Guards 
and Confederate troops. 

Sept. 20 — Legislature adopts " Resolu- 
tions providing for the peace and quiet of 
the citizens," which Gov. Magoffin, 23d, 
sends forth by proclamation. 

Sept. 21— The house, by 88 to 4, and 
fenate, by 33 to 1, pass an act to borrow 
$300,000 to "meet the current expenses 
of the government," but out of it a prior 
loan of $60,000 to be repaid to the Bank 
of Ky. 

There are now 3 camps in Tennessee, 
near the Ky. line, for enlisting and drill- 
ing Kentucky volunteers for the Confed- 
erate army — Camps Boone, Burnett and 
Breckinridge. 

Gen. Geo. H. Thomas supersedes Lieut. 
Wm. Nelson in the command of Camp Dick 
Robinson ; and the latter establishes Camp 



Kenton, in Mason county, 3 miles from 
Maysville, on or near the spot where Simon 
Kenton's station was erected in 1785. 
Camps for Federal soldiers are established 
at Falmouth in Pendleton county, on Col. 
Metcalfe's farm in Nicholas county, and 
at other points. 

Sept. 21— Proclamation of Brig. Gen. 
Robert Anderson, from Louisville: "Ken- 
tuckians 1 called by the legislature of this, 
my native state, I hereby assume com- 
mand of this (Cumberland) Department," 
A-e. 

Sept. 21— The locks on Green river 
blown up by order of Gen. Buckner. 

Sept. 22 — Arrest at Harrodsburg — by 
Union officers of " what were called Home 
Guards " — " while on their way home- 
ward, on leavo of absence," of senator 
John L. Irvan, and representatives Geo. 
W. Ewing and Geo. W. SiWertooth. The 
legislature sends a joint committee to se- 
cure their release, who report a resolution. 
That their arrest " was illegal, unwar- 
ranted, and is disapproved ; and that the 
arrest of any citizen of this State, except 
for sufficient cause and in accordance with 
law, meets our condemnation, and is in 
conflict with a series of resolutions passed 
by the present General Assembly ;" which 
in modified fopms passed each house ; as 
the senate insisted upon the wording of its 
resolution, the house, rather than recede, 
laid the resolution on the table. 

Sept. 23 — Military Board may order into 
their custody certain arms and equip- 
ments, upon penalty, for non-compliance, 
of a heavy fine and imprisonment [De- 
signed to abolish the State Guard] 

25. — Additional and extensive powers 
given to said Board ; Edmund H. Taylor 
and John B. Temple substituted for Gov. 
Magoffin and Dr. John B. Peyton ; author- 
ized to borrow $1,000,000 additional," on 
the credit of the state ; additional tax of 5 
cents per $100 worth of taxable property 
levied [Passed senate by 21 to 4, and 
house by 62 to 14.] 

Sept. 24 — Gen. Anderson issues the fol- 
lowing proclamation : 

"The commanding General, understand- 
ing that apprehension is entertained by 
citizens of this State who have hitherto 
been in opposition to the policy now 
adopted by this State, hereby gives notice 
that no Kentuckian shall be arrested who 
remains at home attending to his business 
and does not take part, either by action or 
speech, against the authority of the Gen- 
eral or State Government, or does not hold 
correspondence xoith, or give aid or assist- 
ance to, those who have chosen to array 
themselves against us as our enemies. 
ROBERT ANDERSON, 
Brig. Gen. U. S. A. Commanding. 

Sept. 25.— Col. Wm. Preston, of Lex- 
ington, Hon. Wm. E. Simms and a son 
of Brutus J. Clay, of Paris, and Capt. 
Stoncr with his company of soldiers, reach 
Prestonsburg, Floyd county, near the Vir- 
ginia line, on their way to the Confederate 
army. Col. George B. Hodge, of New- 



1S61. 



ANNALS OP KENTUCKY. 



95 



port, and Col. Geo. W. Johnson, of Scott 
CO., arrived the day before ; and U. S. sen- 
ator John C. Breckinridge, of Lexington, 
and Keene Richards, Of Georgetown, three 
days before ; all finely mounted and well 
armed. Nearly 1,000 armed Kcntuckians 
passed through Prestonsburg for Virginia, 
ivithin four days. 

Sept. 26— The senate, by 15 to 11, passed 
a bill making all who voluntarily join any 
military force which may invade Ky., or 
who shall give aid and comfort to such, 
" incapable of taking any estate in Ky. by 
devise, bequest, descent or distribution;" 
with other provisions similar in spirit. 
The bill was rejected in the house. 

Sept. 25.— The house, by 70 to 13, and 
senate, by 21 to 5, pass a bill directing the 
governor by proclamation to call out not 
less than 40,000 Kentuckians, for from 1 
to 3 years, to repel the inv.asion by " armed 
forces, acting under the authority of the 
so-called Confederate States," to be " un- 
der the command of the general com- 
manding the state forces in the field ;" also, 
in addition, 1,500 "sharp-shooters and 
scouts," and 500 " horsemen and scouts," 
who '■ shall receive $5 per month of extra 
pay." The governor, Sept. 30, vetoed 
the bill, because of the unconstitutional 
feature which deprives the governor of 
his power as commander-in-chief. It was 
immediately passed over the veto, by 
68 to 11 in the house, and 22 to 3 in the 
senate. The governor issued his procla- 
mation as required. A supplemental act, 
next day, directs the state forces to be 
mustered into the U. S. service. 

Sept. 26 — Day appointed by the presi- 
dent of the United States, for fasting, 
humiliation and prayer. The seniite ad- 
journed, ** in respect to the proclamation," 
&c.; but the house refused to adjourn by 
33 to 39. 

Sept. 26— Jas. B. Clay arrested in Madi- 
son county, and taken to Louisville, and 
admitted to bail. Ex-Gov. Chas. S. More- 
head, Reuben T. Durrett, editor Louisville 
Courier, and M. W. Barr, of the telegraph 
corps, arrested at Louisville, and sent to 
Fort Lafayette, New York city. Harry 
Bedford and Larkin Q. Towles, of Bour- 
bon CO., arrested and taken to Camp Dick 
Robinson. JIaj. J. R. Curry, judge of 
Harrison county court. Perry Wherritt, 
clerk, and Wm. B. Glaves, sheriff of same, 
and A. J. Morey, editor of Cynthiana 
A'cii's, arrested, 30th, and taken to U. S. 
Burraoks at Newport. All " charged " 
with aiding the rebellion, or " affording 
aid and comfort to the enemies of the gov- 



Sept. 27 — Lexington Statesman news- 
paper suspends publication. Mount Ster- 
ling Whig, Richmond Democrat, and 
Georgetown Journal suspended, early in 
August. Oct. 9, Paris Kentucky State Flag 



Sept. 28— Large railroad trains, filled 
fith U. S. troops from north of the Ohio 
iver, passing daily into the interior. 

Oct. 1 — Skirmishes, with trifling losses. 



within ton days past, atSmithland, Lucas 
Bend, Buffalo Hill, and Grayson. 

Oct. 1 — Legislature authorizes, when in 
danger from public enemy, the temporary 
suspension or removal of any bank or 

branch, and its funds 3 — Increases 

the salaries of the Military Board to 

$1,000 Fixes a school month in the 

common schools at 22 days Makes it 

unlawful, with fine of $10 to $100, to 
sell intoxicating liquors to any ofiicer or 
soldier, within 5 miles of any military 
camp Provides for compelling at- 
tendance of absent members of legislature 

Authorizes loan of $2,000,000 more, 

for war purposes, by the Military Board 
4— Adjourns until Nov. 27, 1861. 

Oct. 1 — Legislature, by 17 to 4 in the 
senate, and 67 to 11 in the house, resolves 
" That the people of the state of Ky. ten- 
der to the states of Ohio, Indiana, and 
Illinois, their thanks for the prompt fra- 
ternal and effective assistance rendered in 
arresting the invasion of our state by the 
the Confederate forces. Such friendly aid 
cannot fail to strengthen the bonds of har- 
mony which have ever united Ky. with 
her northern neighbors." 

Oct. 1— A resolution in the senate, by 
Walter C. Whilaker, that whereas Gov. 
Magoffin does not and will not carry out 
the will of the people of Kentucky, he be 
requested to resign— was referred to the 
committee on federal relations ; but was 
never reported upon, and no further action 

[It is proper to state here that resolu- 
tions — of inquiry ; propositions for a com- 
mission to treat with the U. S. government 
for the removal of all U. S. troops from 
Kentucky, and a like commission to pro- 
cure the removal of . Confederate troops; 
and others more or less appropriate to the 
different occasions— were repeatedly of- 
fered by the states' rights members of the 
senate and house of representatives. But 
they experienced the fate usual to all 
small minorities ; their resolutions and 
propositions were summarily voted down.] 

Oct. 1— Gov. Magoffin vetoes a bill 
which " requires information, surveys, 
maps and drawings to bo given to officers 
of the army, upon application therefor, 
without delay," under a heavy penalty for 
non-compliance — upon the constitutional 
ground that " private propeirty shall not be 
taken for public use without just compen- 
sation, previously made." The house sus- 
tains the veto, by 72 to 1 [Wm. P. Boone.] 

Oct. 2— The senate, by 20 to 5, and the 
house, by 53 to 20, resolve that "John C. 
Breckinridge and Lazarus W. Powell do 
not represent the will of the people of 
Ky.," and instruct them fo resign their 
seats in the U. S. senate. The governor 
did not sign the resolution, but it became 
operative as law, Dec. 2, 1861, without 
his approval. 

Oct. 2— Nat. Gaither, jr., appointed sec- 
retary of state, in place of Tho. B. Mon- 
roe, jr., resigned [to join the Confederate 
army.] 



96 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Oct. 3 — The governor, with the advice 
and consent of the senate, appoints Wm. 
A. Dudley quartermaster general of Ky., 
in place of M. D. West, resigned. 

Oct. 3— Gustavus W. Smith, of New 
York city, (a Kentuckian) appointed brig- 
adier gnnernl in the Confederate army. 

Oct. 5 — The work of intrenching and 
fortifying the hills back of Covington be- 

Oct. 7 — Brig. Gen. Robert Anderson, in 
Order No. 5, "regrets that arrests are be- 
ing made, in some parts of the state, upon 
the slightest and most trivial grounds. 
He desires the civil authorities, and orders 
the military, not to make any arrests — bk- 
cept when the parties are attempting to 
join the rebels, or are engaged in giving 
aid or information to them; and in all 
oases the evidence must be such as will 
convict them before a court of justice." 
He says that in many eases the Home 
Guards have gone into adjoining counties, 
and arrested and carried off parties quietly 
remaining at home ; others have been ar- 
rested and taken out of the state — all con- 
trary to his wish. He urges a " discon- 
tinunnee of these ill-timed and unlawful 
arrests." 

Gen. Anderson issues to loyal persons 
who have unsettled business in the South- 
ern Confederacy, passes to go there through 
Ky. 

Oct. 8 — Pontoon bridge or bridge of 
boats at Paducah, erected by the U. S. 
army, carried away by a sudden rise of 12 
or 15 feet in the Ohio river. 

Oct. 10— Federal troops sent to arrest S. 
C. Hutchinson, living in Barren co., about 
10 miles northeast of Glasgow, ambushed 
by 10 Confederates, and routed, with loss 
of 11 in killed and wounded, and 30 horses, 
with equipments, captured. 

Oct. 11— Geo. Robertson and Rich.ard A. 
Buckner, of Lexington, address a note to 
Gen. Sherman, informing of the arrest of 
persons " merely on account of their 
southern sympathies and secession opin- 
ions, without proof or imputation of any 
overt act of treason or aiding treason." 
Gen. Sherman replies, 12th, that he will 
"endeavor to protect all loyal citizens, 
and sh.all molest no one, whatever his po- 
litical opinions, provided he obeys the 
laws." 

Oct. 12 — Gov. Magoffin appoints John 
W. Finnell adjutant general of Ky., in 
place of Scott Brown, resigned. 

Oct. 14 — Gen. Anderson, on account of 
ill health, relinquishes command of the U. 
S. troops in Ky., and Gen. Wm. T. Sher- 
man succeeds him until Nov. 13, 1861, 
when he is ordered to Missouri. 

Oct. 15^Passes to go south refused. 

Oct. 16— Hon. Simon Cameron, U. S. 
secretary of war, accompanied by Brig. 
Gen. L. Thomas, adjutant general of U. 
S. army, visits Louisville, to consult with 
Gen. Sherman, Hon. James Guthrie, and 
Gen. Wood as to the conduct of the war in 
Ky. Gen. Sherman " gave a gloomy pic- 
ture of affairs in Ky., stating that the 



young men were generally secessionists, 
and had joined the confederates; while 
the Union men, the aged, and conserva- 
tives would not enrol themselves to engage 
in conflict with their relatives on the other 
side ; but few regiments could be raised." 
" He deemed 200,000 men " necessary to 
drive the rebels from the state. The Sec- 
retary of War desired that the Cumberland 
Ford and Gap should be seized ; the troops 
must assume the offensive ; he was tired 
of a defensive war. Gen. Sherman in- 
formed him that the arms sent to Ky. 
" had passed into the hands of the Home 
Guards, and could not be recovered ; that 
many were already in the hands of the 
rebels, and others refused to surrender those 
in their possession, desiring to use them in 
defense of their individual homes if in- 
vaded." Oct. I7th, Mr. Cameron, Gen. 
L. Thomas, and Mr. Guthrie visited Lex- 
ington, and found the opinion existed 
there that the young men had joined the 
rebels, that no large bodies of troops could 
be raised in Ky., and that the defense of 
the state must devolve upon the free states 
of the northwest. 

Oct. 19 — Sinking fund commissioners 
cancel and burn $1,277,050 of Ky. state 
bonds and coupons ;— of these, $526,040 
were coupons, S600,000 bonds purchased 
of the Southern Bank of Ky., and $151,010 
of other parties. 

Oct. 20— Over 17 full regiments from In- 
diana, 18,178 men, over 13 from Ohio, 3 
from Pennsylvania, and several from other 
states, already in Ky. Some 15,000 Ken- 
tuckians already enlisted. 

Bland Ballard, of Louisville, appointed 
judge of the U. S. district court for Ky., in 
place of Judge Thos. B. Monroe, who has 
gone to the Confederacv. 

Oct. 21— At Camp Wildcat or Rockcastle 
Hills — at ihe junction of three roads lead- 
ing to Mt, Vernon, to London, and to 
Richmond, in a densely timbered region 
of ridges or gorges, easily defended — the 
7th Ky. infantry under Col. Thco. T.Gar- 
rard is attacked by Brig. Gen. Zollicoffer, 
with 7,000 Confederate troops. Shortly 
after, Gen. A. Sehajpff, with the 33d Indi- 
ana, 17th Ohio, 14th Ohio, with a battery 
of artillery, Col. Wolford's 1st Ky. cav- 
alry, and, later, the 1st and 2d Tennessee 
regiments, reinforce Col. G.arr.ard. After 
a desperate fight, the Confederates are re- 
pulsed, with 30 killed and about 100 
wounded, and next day retreat; Federal 
loss 4 killed, 18 wounded. 

Oct. 23— Confederates routed at West 
Liberty, Morg.an county ; loss 21 killed, — 
wounded, 34 prisoners ; Federal loss slight. 
On the same day, Gen. Nelson, with Col. 
Marshall's 16th Ky. and Col. Metcalfe's 
command, routs a Confederate force at 
Hazle Green, capturing 38 prisoners. 

Oct. 24 — Skirmish in Green county, 
southwest of Campbellsville. 

Oct. 26— Skirmish in' Gallatin county, 

about 8 miles from Warsaw Skirmish 

at S.iratoga, Lyon county ; 300 Federals 
defeat 100 Confederates. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Oct. 29, 30— Skirmishes at Morgan town, 
at Rochester, and at Woodbury, all in 
Butler county. 

Oct. 31 — Gen. Sherman, commanding in 
Ky., says in a circular: "The removal 
of prisoners (except spies and prisoners of 
war) from the state, — without giving them 
an opportunity for trial by the legal tri- 
bunals of the country— does not meet my 
approval." He directs that they shall bo 
taken before a judge or U. S. commis- 
sioner, *' to be examined and dealt with 
according to taw," 

Nov. 1— Col. Richard H. Stanton, Wm. 
T. Casto, Isaac Nelson, Ben. F. Thomas, 
Geo. Forrester (all from Maysville), sent 
on to Fort Lafayette, New York city ; they 
were arrested in Oct., by order of Gen. Wm. 
Nelson, and imprisoned in Camp Chase, at 
Columbus, Ohio. 

Nov. 4— Savage little fight near Boston, 
Whitley county. 

Nov. 6— In the U. S. district court at 
Frankfort, Judge Bland Ballard, indict- 
ments for treason were found against 
John C. Breckinridge, -Wm. Jones, 
K. J. Breckinridge.jr., Phil. Lee, 
John M. Brown,* Humphrey Marshall, 

George B. Burnley, H. McDowell, 
Jas. S. Chrisman, Jesse Meeks, 

Ben. Craig,* Beiij. J. Monroe,* 

W. R. Cunningham, Thos. B. Monroe, jr., 
Gustavns Dedman,* John H. Morgan,* 
Ben. Pesha,* John M. Rice, 

Isham T. Dudley,* Harvey M. Rust, 

John M. Elliott, John Shawh.Tn, 

John Ficklin, Thos. Steele, jr., 

Milton J. Freeze, Phil. B. Thompson, 

J. L. Gibbons,* Frank Tryon,* 

Harry T. Hawkins, Granville Utterback,* 
Daniel W. Jones, Robert W. Woolley. 

Against 10 of the above (marked «)and 
a^inst 9 others, indictments were found 
for a high misdemeanor, also, 

Nov. 8— Battle of Ivy Mountain, or 
Piketon, in Pike county. Confederate 
troops, not less than 300 nor more prob- 
ably than 1,000 in number, under Col. 
John S. Williams, in ambush on the moun- 
tain side, had a desperate fight for 1 hour 
20 minutes with Gen. Nelson's force of 3 
Ohio regiments, a Kentucky battalion un- 
der Col. Chas. A. Marshiill, and two sec- 
tions of artillery ; they were badly armed, 
and, firing over the heads of the troops 
defiling along the narrow roadway below, 
were soon driven from their cover and in 
full retreat. Federal loss 6 killed, 24 
wounded; Confederate loss unknown, but 
30 dead were said to have been found on 
the field, and some were taken prisoners. 

Nov. 13— Brig. Gen. Wm. T. Sherman, 
at his own request, relieved of the com- 
mand of the army of the Cumberland ; 
Brig. Gen. Don Carlos Buell succeeds him, 
and the designation of the army changed 
to that of the department and army of the 
Ohio. 

Nov. 16— Brig. Gen. John C. Breckin- 
ridge assumes command of 1st Ky. Bri- 
gade, Confederate States army. 

Nov. 17 — Fight near Rumsey, McLean 
county. 

Nov. 18 — A "Sovereignty Convention-" 
in session, at Russellville, for three days ; 

I.. .7 



over 200 members, representing 65 coun. 
ties ; adopts a " declaration of independ- 
ence " and an "ordinance of secession;" 
provides for a provisional government, and 
vests all executive and legislative power 
in a governor and council of ten; the 
council to fill vacancies, but no member 
of council shall be made governor to fill 
a vacancy ; the old constitution and laws 
of Kentucky declared in force, except 
where inconsistent with the acts of this 
convention and of the legislative council. 
Col. Geo. W. Johnson, of Scott co., was 
chosen governor; Robert McKee, of Louis- 
ville, secretary of state; 0. F. Payne, of 
Fayette co., assistant secretary of state ; 
Theodore L. Burnett, of Spencer co., state 
treasurer [Mr. B. resigned, and, Dec. 17th, 
John Burnam, of Warren co., was ap- 
pointed treasurer by the governor and con- 
firmed by the council] ; Richard Hawes, 
of Bourbon co., state auditor, who resigned, 
and Josinh Pillsbury, of Warren co., was 
appointed. A. Frank Brown, of Bourbon, 
was chosen clerk of the council ; John B. 
Thompson, jr., of Mercer co., sergeant-at- 
arms; and Walter N. Haldcman, of Old- 
ham CO., state printer. Members of the 
council, and also delegates to the provis- 
ional congress of the Confederate States at 
Richmond, Va., were chosen [see list of 
Henry C. 
id Wm. Preston were 
sent as commissioners to Richmond, and 
on the 9th Dec. the Confederate congress 
admitted Kentucky as one of the Confed- 
erate States. Bowling Green was made 
the new seat of government, 

Nov. 24— Capt. Moreau's cavalry, ac- 
companied by Gen. McCook's body guard, 
go to the farm, on Green river a few miles 
above Munfordsville, of the Confederate 
general, Simon B. Buckner, and take pos- 
session of the stock, a large amount of 
wheat, corn, and other produce. 

Nov. 27 — Legislature meets, pursuant 
to adjournment on Oct. 4th ; refreshed, and 
anxious to begin again the brave work of 
" Jlesobitiona ;" continues in session until 
Dec. 23. 

Nov, 28—11 Kentuokians, confined as 
political prisoners at Fort AVarren, Boston, 
released. 

Dec. 2 — U. S. senate passes unanimously 
(several senators not voting) the following : 

" Whereas, John C. Breckinridge, a 
member of this body, has joined the ene- 

against the government he had sworn to 
support ; therefore, 

" Resolved, that the traitor Breckin- 
ridge be expelled." 

Dec. 4—13 Confederates defeated and 
captured by 60 Federals, at WhippoorwiU 
bridge, 5 miles below Russellville, Logan 

Dec. 5 — Legislature asks congress to 
send immediate relief to Ireland, in view 
of the want and famine impending over that 
distressed land 14 — Adopts a reso- 
lution of " thanks to the loyal and brave 
men who have volunteered to aid and as- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



sist the goTernment of the United States 
in expelling the invadeis from our soil 

13 — Makes absence from the state 

for i months in the service of the United 

States, no ground for attachment 

23— Makes absence in the Confederate 
States for 30 days, or in the Confederate 
army, or leaving home to join the latter, 

good ground for attachment Adopted 

resolutions, one protesting against the U. 

5. arming slaves to be used as soldiers, and 
another requesting President Lincoln to 
dismiss from his cabinet Simon Cameron, 
secretary of war, because in his report he 
had recommended the arming and making 

a military use of the slaves Kentucky 

assumes the payment of her proportion of 
the direct tax imposed by congress, Aug. 

6, 1861. 

Dec. 10— Garret Davis elected U. S. sen- 
ator, " to fill the vacancy occasioned by the 
expulsion of John C.Breckinridge from that 
body :" Davis 84, Wm. Johnson 12, Wm. 0. 
Butler 1. Mr. Davis was nominated in a 
caucus of Union members, receiving 46 
votes, to 45 for James Guthrie, on the final 
ballot. 

The Military Board have obtained loans 
from: 

Bank of Kentucky $ 500,000 

Northern Bank of Kentucky 350,000 

Farmers' Bank of Kentucky 250,000 

Bank of Louisville 200,000 

Commerci.al Bank of Kentucky.. 100,000 

Bank of Ashland 35,000 

Balance previous loan 57,559 

$1,492,559 
Expenditures to Nov. 30 1,345,680 

Balance on hand $ 146,879 

Dec. 10— Kentucky admitted as one of 
the " Confederate States of America." 

Dec. 12— Tho. B. Monroo and Henry 
C. Burnett take their seats in the Confed- 
erate congress as senators from Ky. 

Dec. 13 — Gov. Magoffin, having seen in 
the Louisville Journal what purported to 
be an extract from the *' message" of his 
old friend Geo. Vf. Johnson, recently 
elected provisional governor of Kentucky — 
in which he says " I will gladly resign 
whenever the regularly elected governor 
shall escape from his virtual imprison- 
ment at Frankfort, so that you may have 
the opportunity of placing him at the head 
of this movement for the emancipation of 
Kentucky " — writes, in a letter to the Jour- 
nal : 

"1 have not seen a copy of the mes- 
sage If the purposes and proceedings 

of that convention are correctly repre- 
sented by you, I condemn its action in 
unqualified terms. Self-constituted, as it 
was, and without authority from the peo- 
ple, it cannot be justified by similar revo- 
lutionary acts, in other states, by minori- 
ties to overthrow the state governments. 
I condemned their action and I condemn 
the action of this one. My position is and 
has been and will continue to be, to abide 
by the will of the majority of the people 



of the state — to stand by the constitution 
and laws of the state of Kentucky, as ex- 
pounded by the supreme court of the state, 
and by the constitution and laws of the fed- 
eral government as expounded by the su- 
preme court of the United States." 

Dec. 17 — Battle at Munfordsville, on 
Green river ; Confederates defeated ; loss 
33 killed and 50 wounded. Federal loss 
17 killed or mortally wounded, and 13 
wounded. On same day, skirmish at Ev- 
ersole's, in Perry county. 

62 regiments of Federal soldiers "paid 
off," in Ky., during this month. 

Dec. 22, 23—145 tons of ammunition re- 
ceived at Louisville, in two days, for the 
U. S. troops. 

Dee. 23 — Legislature adjourns until Feb. 

Dec. 25— Skirmish at Jamestown, Rus- 
sell county. 

Dec. 25— In the U. S. senate. Garret 
Davis, of Ky., gives notice that he shall 
introduce a bill confiscating every species 
of property of all persons who have had 
any connection with the southern rebell- 
ion — either in a civil, military or naval 
capacity. 

Dec. 27 -Engagement at Sacramento, 
McLean county, between Capt. Kobert 
G. Bacon's company of Federal soldiers, 
and Confederate troops under Col. Forrest ; 
former defeated, with 8 killed, 9 wounded, 
16 prisoners; Confederate loss not known. 

Dec. 31— New York, Philadelphia, and 
Boston banks — under the advice of the U. 
S. Treasury department— suspend specie 
payments. Ky. banks again refuse to 
suspend. 

1862, Jan. 1— Ky. banks declare small 
dividends for last six months : Northern 
Bank 2K per cent, and the Bank of Ky., 
Bank of" Louisville, and Farmers' Bank 
each 2 per cent. 

Jan. 3 — In the Ky. provisional legisla- 
tive council, Henry C. Burnett and Wm. 
E. Simms elected senators from Ky. to 
the Confederate congress. 

Jan. 4— Union ticket for city officers 
elected, at Lexington, without opposition. 

Jan. 5 — Gen. Buell issues an order plac-- 
ing completely under U. S. government su- 
pervision the navigation on the Ohio river 
below Louisville ; boats to land only at 
specified points ; passengers to have passes, 
and permits required for freight. 

Jan. 7 — Skirmish at James creek, John- 
son county. 

Jan. 7— Ex-Gov. Chas. S. Morehead re- 
leased from Fort W.arren. 

Jan. 10 — Engagement at Forks of Mid- 
dle creek, near Prestonsburg, Floyd county, 
between Col. Garfield's force and Gen. 
Humphrey Marshall's; latter defeated, 27 
killed, 25 prisoners ; Federal loss 2 killed, 
25 wounded. 

Jan. 11 — Gun-boat action near Colum- 
bus. 

Jan. 12— Telegraph line, for military 
purposes, extended from Lebanon, via 
Danville and Crab Orchard, to Somerset. 

Jan. 17— Confederate camp Beauregard, 



ANNALS OP KENTUCKY. 



at Feliciana, Graves CO., captured by Gen. 
C. F. Smith. 

Jan. 19— Battle of Mill Springs, or Lo- 
gan's cross-roads, in Pulaski county. Maj. 
Gen. Geo. B. Crittenden, with the 15th 
Mississippi, 16th Alabama, 17th, 19th, 
20th, 25th, 2Sth, and 29th Tennessee regi- 
ments, and a battery of six guns — about 
4,000 Confederate troops-cleaves his in- 
trenched camp at Beech Grove, on the 
north bank of the Cumberland river, at 12 
o'clock on Saturday night, to attack the 
approaching Federals. At 6 A- m. on Sun- 
day, still dark and raining, his advance 
reaches Logan's cross-roads, 10 miles from 
his camp, and is fired upon by the pickets 
of the U. S. forces under Maj. Gen. Geo. 
H. Thomas. In half an hour the battle 
was raging furiously, with the 4th Ky. in- 
fantry under Col. Speed Smith Fry, part of 
the Ist Ky. cavalry under Col. Franklin S. 
Wolford, 9th Ohio, 10th Indiana, and 10th 
Minnesota, about 4,000 in number. For 
3}^ hours the field was hotly contested— 
'* by a most determined and galling fire," 
part of the time— and the result doubtful. 
The death, by a pistol shot from Col. Fry , of 
Brig. Gen. Feli.\ K. ZollicoflTer, the second 
in command, terribly discouraged the Con- 
federates. The Federals being reinforced 
by the 12th Ky. under Col. Wm. A. Hos- 
kins, and the 1st and 2d Tennessee — about 
2,500 fresh troops — outflanked the Con- 
federates, poured in a deadly fire, and 
forced them to fall back ; and the 9th Ohio, 
by a bold charge with fixed bayonets broke 
their ranks, when they retreated in confu- 
sion to their camp, closely pursued. Fur- 
ther reinforcements— 10th Ky. under Col. 
John M. Harlan, Hth, 17th, 31st, 35th 
and 38th Ohio, and 3 batteries— coming 
up, the entire Federal force, now increased 
to over 12,000 troops, advanced (unresisted, 
except by a small party of cavalry for a 
few minutes) upon the Confederate in- 
trenchraents. " By 5 p. M," says Gen. 
Thomas' report, *' the camp was closely 
invested, and during the night the troops 
were disposed, for an assault of the works 
at daylight on the 20th. Meanwhile, two 
batteries cannonaded the intrenchments 
until dark, and two other batteries were 
directed to fire on their ferry to prevent the 
Confederates from attempting to cross. 
The latter, with six guns, returned the 
fire ; thus deceiving the enemy, while, 
upon a steamboat and three barges, they 
crossed their entire force, and burning the 
boats, took up the line of retreat to Monti- 
cello." The "assault at daylight" dis- 
covered an abandoned camp, containing 8 
six-pounders and 2 Parrot guns, between 
500 and 1,000 "old flint-lock muskets," 
160 four-horse wagons, 1,200 horses and 
mules, and a large amount of ammunition 
and commissary stores — a most serious 
loss to the Confederates at that stage of the 

Jan. 20— Samuel L. Casey elected rep- 
resentative in the U. S. congress from the 
1st district,over Lawrence S. Trimble (both 
Union) — to fill the vacancy occasioned by 



the expulsion of Henry C. Burnett for dis- 
loyalty (now in the Confederate States 

Jan. 23— Ohio river higher than at any 
time since Dec, 1847; the freshet called 
the "flood of 1862;" between 17th and 
20th, 3.40 inches of rain fell at Millers- 
burg. 

Jan. 25— A bill pending in the U. S. 
house of representatives appoints James 
Guthrie, of Ky., and two others, to locate 
and construct a military railroad from 
Danville to East Tennessee. 

Great decline in the price of real estate. 

Jan. 31 — Remarkably gloomy weather; 
the sun has shone but 45 hours, (an aver- 



age ( 



1 tha 



per 



day) during this month, and 
for the period of 9 days, was not once visi- 
ble ; thermometer has ranged from 18° to 
93°, and the mean temperature been 43° 
30'. 

Feb. 1 — Preacher Conway is reported to 
have said, in Boston, that " President Lin- 
coln would like to have God on his side, 
but he vuist have Kentucki/." 

Feb. 1 — Skirmish near Bowling Green. 

Feb. 5 — The following resolution passes 
the U. S. senate, by 32 to 14 (Garret Davis 
voting for, and L. W. Powell against it): 

"Whereas Hon. Jesse D. Bright, sen- 
ator from Indiana, heretofore, on the 1st 
day of March, 1861, wrote a letter, of 
which the following is a copy : 

Washington, March 1, 1861. 

My dear Sir : Allow me to introduce 
to your acquaintance my friend Thomas 
B. Lincoln, of Texas. He visits your 
capital mainly to dispose of what he re- 
gards a great improvement in fire-arms. I 
recommend him to your favorable consid- 
eration as a gentleman of the first respect- 
ability, and reliable in every respect. 
Very truly, yours, 

JESSE D. BRIGHT. 
To His Excellency, Jefferson Davis, 

President of the Confederation of States. 

" And whereas we believe the said letter 
is evidence of disloyalty to the United 
States, and is calculated to give aid and 
comfort to the public enemies : therefore, 

" Be it resolved. That the said Jesse D. 
Bright is expelled from his seat in the 
senate of the United States." 

On the 13th of January preceding, the 
senate committee on the judiciary, in ref- 
erence to this resolution, reported " that 
the facts charged against Mr. Bright were 
not suflioient to warrant his expulsion 
from the sen.ate, and they therefore recom- 
mend that the resolution do not pass." 
[Mr. Bright removed, not long after, to 
Carrollton, Ky.; and represented Carroll 
and Gallatin counties in the Ky. legisla- 
ture from 1867 to 1871, when he declined 
a re-election. He is now (1874) a citizen 
of Covington.] 

Feb. 6— Fall of Fort Henry, Tennessee, 
on the Tennessee river, nearly opposite the 
Ky. state line ; surrender of Gen. Lloyd 
Tilghraan (of Ky.) with the garrison of 40 
men, after a terrific bombardment by 7 



100 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1862 



gun-boats, with 10,000 troops under Gen. 
U. S. Grant on tr.ansports ; loss rn the fort, 
5 killed, and 10 b.idly wounded; before 
surrendering, Gen. T. sent off all his troops, 
about 2,000 infantrj. 

Feb. 7— Court of appeals reverses a judg- 
ment of Judge Goodloe, in the Scott cir- 
cuit court, for $12,000 ag.-iinst Col. Geo. 
W. Johnson [now provisional governor of 
Ky.] — thereby sustaining as constitutional 
the first section of the " stay law," which 
prevents the rendition of judgments for 
money until after Jan. 1, 1862. 

Feb. 12 — Legislature meets in adjourned 

session 21— Authorizes trustees of 

Transylvania university, in consideration 
of $50,000 additional endowment, to assent 
to or make such radical changes as would 
result in blotting out or merging its exist- 
ence and identity 26— By 68 to 8 in 

the house, and 21 to in the senate, " ad- 
dresses " Wm. H. (or " Harry ") Burns out 
of ofBce as judge of the Montgomery, Bath, 

Morgan, Ac, circuit No turnpike 

tolls to be exacted from children going to 
or from schools, whether in vehicles or on 
horseback 23— Persons 30 days vol- 
untarily within the lines of the Confeder- 
ate States required, in all suits brought by 
them, to give security for costs as if non- 
residents. 

Feb. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16— Battle of Fort 
Donelson, Tennessee, on the southwest 
bank of the Cumberland river, a few miles 
from the Ky. state line. The Confederate 
troops, 28 regiments of infantry (not half 
full) and 3 battalions of cavalry, (consid- 
erably less than 13,000 in all,) commanded 
by Gens. John B. Floyd, Gideon J. Pillow, 
and Simon B. Buckner, for four days and 
nights maintain themselves against more 
than three times the number of Federal 
troops under Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, (41 
regiments of infantry, 4 of cavalry, and 10 
batteries of artillery), and 6 gun-boats, of 
which 4 were iron-clad. The fighting, 
part of the time, and especially on the 
15th, was terribly severe, and the carnage 
dreadful. On the 14th, the gun-boats were 
driven off, two disabled and all more or 
less crippled. On the 16th, Gen. Buckner 
proposed an armistice until 12 M., and the 
appointment of commissioners to agree 
upon terms of capitulation ; but Gen. Grant 
refused any terms "except unconditional, 
immediate surrender" — which Gen. Buck- 
ner was compelled to accept. Confederate 
loss 231 killed, 1,007 wounded, .and (in- 
cluding the wounded) 5,079 prisoners — 
Gens. Pillow and Floyd, with their bri- 
gades, having made their escape, upon two 
or three small steamboats, during the 
night previous. Federal loss 331 killed, 
1,046 wounded, and 200 missing (taken 
prisoners on the 15th); this was the 
smallest number reported ; other accounts 
make the loss much greater. The weather 
was remarkably severe, part of the time 
10° above zero, with hail, snow and sleet. 
The wounded lay on the ground exposed 
to this weather — no truce being allowed so 
as to care for them. Two Ky. regiments 



engaged on each side: On the Confeder- 
ate, Col. Roger W. Hanson's 2d Ky. 
(killed 13, wounded 59, missing 47 who 
were supposed to have escaped to Nash- 
ville during the night of the 15th) and 
Col. H. B. Lyon's 8th Ky.; and on the 
Federal, Col. John H. McHenry's 17th 
Ky. and Col. Jas. M. Shackleford's 25th 
Ky. 

Feb. 14— Bowling Green evacuated by 
the Confederates under Gen. Buckner — 
after destroying both bridges over Barren 
river, the railroad depot and round-house, 
flour mill of Judge Wm. H. Payne, saw 
mill of D. B. Campbell, Washington hotel, 
and a number of stores and warehousea 
filled with shoes, blankets, medicines, flour, 
pork, beef, and other supplies ; total loss 
of property estimated at $750,000. Tho 
iron railroad bridge still stood after tho 
mines in the towers of the piers had been 
exploded, and 13 rounds of cannon were 
fired at it before its destruction was com- 
plete. 

The Federal troops now pressing south- 
ward, in 4 grand divisions, under the com- 
mand of Gens. Alex. McD. McCook, Geo. H. 
Thomas, Ormsby M. Mitchel, and Thos. L. 



enden, a 



.sedof 102 






of infantry, 10 of cavalry, and 21 batteries 
of artillery— total 114,000 men and 126 
pieces of artillery — the whole commanded 
by Gen. Don Carlos Buell. 

Feb. 15— The senate, yeas 23, nays 0, 
expels Wm. T. Anthony, senator from 
Allen CO., because " actively engaged in 
the rebellion," and Dr. John M. Johnson, 
senator from McCracken co., because he 
now "holds position in the rebel army." 

Feb. 18— Adjutant Gen. John W. Fin- 
nell's report gives the organization and 
officers of 28 regiments of Ky. volunteer 
infantry, 24,026 men ; of 6 regiments of 
cavalry, 4,979 men ; and 2 batteries of ar- 
tillery, 198 men— in all 29,203, rank and 
file, in the U. S. service. 

Feb. 20— From a report of Grant Green, 
state auditor, called out by a resolution of 
the senate, it appears that only 10 coun- 
ties—Bourbon, Bath, Greenup, Hardin, 
Jessamine, Mason, Mercer, Owen, Russell, 
and Woodford — had paid into the treasury 
their revenue in full for 1S61 ; that 6 
others — Boone, Boyle, Bracken, Breckin- 
ridge, Bullitt, and Fayette — had paid up 
within less than $280 each ; and that of 
the total revenue due for 1861, $994,014, 
there was yet due and unpaid $433,320, or 
over 43K P^"" "ont. Total decrease of tax- 
able property for 1861 as comp.ared with 
that of 1860, $52,294,131— being in real 
estate over 7% per cent, in personal estate 
nearly 10, and in the value of slaves 18)^ 
per cent. 

Feb. 25 — Federal troops take possession 
of Nashville, Tennessee. 

Feb. 26— Legislature, by 21 to 2 in the 
senate, and 65 to 8 in the house, " tenders 
the thanks of Kentucky," to Gens. Albin 
Schoepff, Wm. Nelson, Geo. H. Thomas, 
Ulysses S. Grant, Henry W. Halleck, .and 
Don Carlos Buell, Col. Jas. A. Garfield, 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



and to " the 
pect- 



and Commodore A. H. Foot 

brave officers and soldiers in 

ive commands, every man of tliem, 

their brilliant victories achieved at Wild 

Cat, Ivy Mountain, Logan's Fields and 

Mill Spring, Prestonsburg, Fort Henry 

and Fort Donelson." 

Feb. 27— Confederate forces abandon 
Columbus, and, March .3, Federal troops 
'■■I- possession ; the best engineering tal- 
admirable system of de- 



they are for three 
the legal penaltic 



payu 



It of : 



!ars released from all 
tld forfeitures for non- 
nd it shall be lawful 



pay. 



ent had i 
fen 



March 6— President Lincoln sends to 
the U. S. congress a special message in 
which ho recommends — and enforces, by 
powerful reasoning, the wisdom and policy 
of— the adoption of a joint resolution sub- 
stantially as follows: 

"Resolved, That the United States 
ought to co-operate with any state which 
may adopt a gradual abolishment of 
slavery; giving to such state pecuniary 
aid— to be used by such state in its discre- 
tion — to compensate for the inconven- 
iences, public and private, produced by 
such change of system." 

This resolution subsequently passed the 
house of representatives by 89 to 31, and 
on March 24th, the senate by 32 to :o! 
Of the Ky. senators, Garret Davis voted 
for it, and L. W. Powell against it. 

March 8 — Legislature enacts that no 
judgment by default shall be taken .igainst 
persons in U. S. army, and such cases shall 

be continued for answer Common 

schools commenced and broken up in 1861 
may be taught out or completed in 1862 
11 — Any person prosecuted or in- 
dicted for crime may delay triiil, by enter- 
ing military service of Ky. or U. S., r 
shall he forfeit his bail until second tei 

after he leaves the service Any ci 

zen m Confederate States .army or ci' 
service, or who gives voluntary aid a 



tho 



against the 



military forces of U. S. or of Ky. " shall 
deemed to have expatriated himself, and 
shall .,0 longer be a citizen of Ky., nor 
shall he again be a citizen except by per- 
mission of the legislature." [This bill 
passed the senate by 13 to 4, and the house 
by 45 to 26, was vetoed, March 11, by the 
governor, in an able message, and passed 
again, over the veto, by 20 to 5 in the sen- 
ate, nnd 55 to 26 in tho house] 14— 

Public printer shall print hereafter only 
the following number of copies: 1,000 
each of the governor's annual message and 
auditor s report^ 250 each of the reports 
of the state treasurer and of the two lunatic 
asylums; 300 each of the blind and of the 
deaf and dumb asylums, 400 of the insti- 
tution for the education of feeble-minded 
children, 6,000 of the superintendent of 
public instruction, and 500 of the private 

acts of the legislature 5 cents addi- 

X on each $100 value of 



able 



r $1,000 t( 
Qcasure] ; 



agres- 
in auj in sums 
applicant, [as a 



for them to 

lend, at par value, U. S. legal terde 
[greenbacks] 15— Proceedings au- 
thorized " against the governor, members 
of the council, and other ofBcers of the so- 
called provisional government, for the re- 
covery of the revenue seized by them" 

" Military Board " reduced to two persons, 
John B. Temple, president, and Geo. T. 
Wood, associate, .and their powers in- 
creased 17— Sinking fund money not 

hereafter to be loaned, except to the state 

Limitation to suits for usury fixed 

at one year State Guard law repealed 

Adjourns to Nov. 24, 1862. 

March — U. S. senate refuses to expel 
Lazarus W. Powell, a senator from Ky. for 
disloyalty ; the vote stood 11 in favor of 
Jxpulsion, and 28 against. 

March 14— Gen. Garfield surprises a 
Confederate camp, at Pound Gap, on the 
summit of the Cumberland mountain, in 
Letcher county, and burns their barracks, 
60 log huts, and a largo quantity of stores ; 
the Confederates fought very bravely, but 
were outnumbered and forced to retreat 
into Virginia, with a loss of 7 in killed 
and wounded. 

March 18— Ex-Gov. Chas. S. Morehe.ad 
released from confinement at Fort Warren, 
Boston, upon his parole, that "he will not 
aid or assist the rebellion, either directly 
or indirectly." 

April 2— Hurricane at Paducah ; 17 
stores, hotels, and the Methodist church, 
unroofed and partially blown down ■ 12 
persons injured. ' 

April 6, 7— Battle of Pittsburgh Land- 
ing, or Shiloh, in Hardin Co., Tennessee. 
After a hard-fought battle of 10 hours, on 
Sunday, April 6, the Confederates, 31,946 
strong, under their commander-in-chief 
Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, (who was 
killed at 2^4 p. m.,) drove the Federals in 
signal disorder and with terrible slaughter 
from their position, and pursued them to 
the Tennessee river, where, the gun-boats 
alone saved them from annihilation or sur- 
render; 3,956 prisoners had already been 
taken. During the night, Gen. Grant was 
reinforced by over 30,000 fresh troops from 
Gen. Buell's army and from Gen. Lew 
Wallace's division of Grant's army, (in- 
creasing his entire force to 63,000). The 
battle was renewed at d,aylight, on Mon- 
day, and raged with great fury until 4 p. 
M., when the Confederates were slowly but 
steadily forced back, losing the great ad- 
v.antage won at sueh terrible cost, the day 
before. Their loss was 1,728 killed, 8.012 
wounded, 959 missing— total 10,699; Fed- 
eral loss 1,735 killed, 7,882 wounded, and 
3,956 taken prisoners— total 13,573. ' Col. 



Geo. W. John 
of Ky., while fighting as 
porarily with Capt. Ben, 
Ky., was mortally wounded 
Tho. B. Monroe, jr., killed. ( 
federate side, the Kentuckia 



gov 



pnv 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



killed, wounded and missing, 3d Ky. regi- 
ment 174, 4tli Ky. 213, 6th Ky. 108, 9th 
Kv. 134, Cobb's battery 37, and Byrne's 
ba"ttery 14— total 680. On the Federal 
side, were engaged the 1st, 2d, and 3d 
Ky. cavalry, and the 1st, 2d, 3d, 5th, 6th, 
9th, 11th, 13th, 17th, 20th, 23d, 24th, and 
26th Ky. infantry; the 1st infantry lost 
64, in killed, wounded and missing, ' 
2a 74, 3d 60, 6th 113, 13th 43, 17th 89, 
20th 24, 23d 33— total 500 ; the others suf- 
fered severely, but to what extent is not 
known. On both sides, the Ky. troops 
were conspicuous for gallantry and daring. 

April 7— Hotel buildings at the Lower 
Blue Lick springs, in Nicholas eo., de- 
stroyed by fire. 

April 12 — U. S. congress abolishes 
slavery in the District of Columbia, im- 
mediately ; appropriates $100,000 to colo- 
nize any liberated slaves who may wish to 
leave the U. S., and $1,000,000 out of 
which to pay to loi/al owners the value of 
their slaves, not over $300 for each, if ap- 
plied for in 90 days. 

April 28 — Grand jury, in the Bourbon 
circuit court, finds indictments against 34 
citizens of the county who have entered 
the service of the Confederate States, and 
against 12 others for invading Ky. to make 
war against the state. 

May 5— Public sale of 11 slaves at Rich- 
mond, Madison Co., at prices ranging from 
$140 to $388— average $246. 

May 8 — Duel in Bracken co., near Do- 
ver, with rifles, at 60 yards, between Wm. 
T. Casto, formerly mayor of M.aysville, 
and Col. Leonidas Metcalfe. Ciisto chal- 
lenged, because Metcalfe had arrested and 
sent him a prisoner to Camp Chase, causing 
him to be confined there, and at Fort War- 
ren, for several months ; at the first fire, 
Casto was shot through from side to side, 
just below the heart, and died in a few 

May 11— Col. John H. Morgan's cav- 
alry stop a train on the Louisville and 
Nashville Railroad at Woodland, Hart 
CO., and capture some Federal officers. 
Same day, at Cave City, they capture and 
destroy a train of 48 freight and two pas- 
senger cars — expecting to rescue 280 Con- 
federate prisoners, but they had been taken 
ofi' at Bowling Green. 

May 12— Skirmish in Wolfe co. 

June 1— Brig. Gen. Jerry T. Boyle ap- 
pointed U. S. military commandant of Ky., 
head quarters at Louisville. June 9th, he 
issues " instructions for the guidance of 
provost marshals," which inaugurates a 
general system of arrests for opinions' 
sake : 1. All who joined the Confederate 
forces, or gave them aid or assistance, or 
at any time went within their lines, must 
now report themselves to certain provost 
marshals, take the oath of allegiance [see 
below], and give bonds with security for 
their future good conduct, or else will be 
arrested and sent to the military prison at 
Louisville, and thence to Camp Chase, at 
Columbus, Ohio, to await the action of the 
U. S. secretary of war; 2. All who organ- 



ize or aid in organizing forces for the re- 
bellion, or guerrillas, or who harbor or 
conceal or give information or assistance 
to guerrillas, must be arrested and dealt 
with according to military law; 3. ** For 
any thing said or done with the intent to 
excite to rebellion, the oflfender must be 
arrested and his conduct reported, that he 
may be dealt with according to law;" 4. 
" When damage shall be done to the person 
or property of loi/al citizens by marauding 
bands of guerrillas, the disloyal of the 
neighborhood or county will be held re- 
eponsihle, and a militari/ commiaaion ap- 
pointed to assess damages and enforce com- 

The following is the printed form of oath 
which all persons arrested as rebels, or as 
aiders and abettors of rebellion, or as sym- 
pathizers with it, are required to subscribe 
as a condition of their discharge : 

" I do solemnly swear that I will bear 
true allegi.ance to the United States, and 
support and sustain the constitution and 
laws thereof; that I will maintain the 
national sovereignty paramount to that of all 
state, county, or Confederate powers ; that 
I will discountenance, discourage, and 
forever oppose secession, rebellion, and 
disintegration of the Federal Union; that 
I disclaim and denounce all faith and fel- 
lowship with the so-called Confederate 
armies ; and pledge my honor, my prop- 
erty, and my life to the s.acred perform- 
ance of this my solemn oath of allegiance 
to the government of the United States of 

This had to be subscribed and sworn to. 

Beneath it is printed — " The penalty for 
a violation of this oath is death." 

June 6— Tax bill passes U. S. ser 
37 to 1 (Gov. Powell, of Ky.) 

June 6—930 soldiers have died, in the 
military hospitals at Louisville, since Sept. 
18, 1861— less than 9 months. 

June 8— Gen. Geo. W. Morgan's Federal 
troops go from Cumberland Ford through 
Wilson's Gap to East Tennessee, to 
"flank" the Confederate forces at Cum- 
berland G.ap, who evacuate the position. 

June 11 — Skirmish near Monterey, Owen 

00. 

June 13— In U. S. Senate, Garret Davis 
introduces a resolution that Gen. Simon B. 
Buckner be delivered up to the civil au- 
thorities of Ky., to be tried for treason. 

June 17 — Gold at Louisville 7 to 8 per 
cent premium. 

June 20— Provost marshals being ap- 
pointed in every county In the state, by 
military governor Boyle. 

June 20— Grand jury in F.ayette co. find 
34 indictments for treason, 18 for invading 
Ky. to make war, and 1 for concealing 

June 22 — Federal cav.alry " strike terror 
into the hearts of traitors," by making ar- 

sts in I^Iorgan co. 

June 29— Skirmish at Henderson, be- 

een "rebel bushwhackers" and Cnpt. 
0. Dailey's company of Louisville Provost 
guards. 



ate by 



1862. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



July 1 — Gen. Boyle inaugurates a war 
on women, by issuing instructions to th 
provost marslials tiiroughout Ky. "to fit 
up quarters for the imprisonment of such 
disloyal females as they may find it nec- 

July 1 — John B. Temple, president of 
the Ky. Military Board, unites with the 
governors of 17 states in an appeal for 
more troops to President Lincoln — who 
issues his proclamation for a force of 
300,000 men; Kentucky's quota is 4,000 

July 2— John Harman Dills, of Har- 
rison CO., (son-in-law of Gen. Lucius 
Desha,) tried at Frankfort for treason, and 
acquitted — the first trial for treason that 
ever occurred in Ky. The prosecution 
was conducted on the part of the United 
States by James Ilarlan, and the defense 
by Thos. N. Lindsey, A. Harry Ward, and 
Jas. F. Robinson. When the news reached 
Cynthiana, where Dills resides, a public 

addressed by Wm. W. Trimble', Col. Met- 
calfe and Col. Berry, and passed resolu- 
tions ordering Dills and other prominent 
rebels to leave the county ; " an order was 
served on men, indiscriminately, without 
any process except these resolutions,'' to 

July 3— Many citizens, first called " no- 
torious and dangerous rebels," then ar- 
rested and sent to the military prison at 
Louisville, to Newport barracks, or to 
Camp Chase at Columbus, Ohio. They 
are arrested in great numbers, and often 
treated very roughly and cruelly — the 
very exercise proving a valuable safety- 
valve for the pent-up valor and patriotism 
of provost marshals and squads of home 
guards and surplus soldiers. It was an- 
nounced from Henderson that' ** the work 
of arrest has already been commenced, 
and will be vigorously prosecuted until 
the last Jos'. Davis sympaihizer is cleaned 
out." When the prisons were unexpect- 
edly filled, the device was invented of re- 
leasing some, after administering an oath 
and requiring $5,000 or $10,000 or $20,000 
bonds with approved security — thus to 
some extent thinning out the number in 
prison. Daily reports of the arrivals at 
the prison in Louisville are published as 
"news." 

July 8 — Brig. Gen. John H. Morgan, 
with his Confederate cavalry or rangers, 
816 strong, on his "first Kentuckv raid." 
At Tompkinsville, Monroe Co., defeats 260 
of the 3d Pennsylvania cavalry — loss 4 
killed, 6 wounded, and 19 prisoners, in- 
cluding M.aj. Jordan, the commander; 
several Confederates wounded, of whom 
Col. Hunt, of Georgia, died Mor- 
gan's operator taps the telegraph line at 
Bear Wallow, by connecting his own in- 
strument and wire with it, and takes off, 

or sends and receives, dispatches 

n — While destroying the railroad at New 
Hope, Nelson CO., a train of Federal 
troops comes up and drives off the Con- 
federates, worsting them ; but after a short I 



skirmish, the train goes back towards 
Louisville 12 — Morgan captures Leb- 
anon, after defeating and taking prisoners 
Lieut. Col. Ah. Y. Johnson and a small 
force of the 28th Ky. stationed there, and 
burns the U. S. government warehouse 

with $60,000 of stores Passes through 

Springfield Some of his scouts en- 
gage the Home Guards at Macksville, 
Washington co., and have 3 wounded and 
2 captured, but they are released on nego- 
tiation 13 — At Harrodsburg ; Mor- 
gan detaches Col. Gano to burn railroad 
bridges, to prevent troops being sent from 
Louisville and Cincinnati to intercept him 

15 — At Midway, while the railway 

track was being torn up, his telegraph oper- 
ator, G. A. Ellsworth, cantures AVoolum, 
the local operator, with hiS office and signal 
book ; and by telegraph "strategy" changes 
the plans of Brig. Gen. Wm. T. Ward, at 
Lexington head quarters, prevents troops 
being sent against the raiders, and prepares 
for a pleasant two-diiys' sojourn in Scott 

county 17 — At Georgetown, Col. 

Gano puts under arrest J. Stoddard Johns- 
ton (afterwards lieutenant colonel on Gen. 
John C. Breckinridge's staff) and other 
Southern " sympathizers." 

July 12, 13 — Immense excitement and 
alivrm at Louisville and Cincinnati, from 
exaggerated reports of Morgan's force 
and exploits. Late Saturday night. Gen. 
Boyle telegraphs to Mayor Hatch, of Cin- 
cinnati : "A regiment from Indiana will 
arrive here on Sunday morning. We will 
have to defend this city, and Cincinnati 
must defend Lexington. Morgan, with 
1,600 men, has burned Perryville, and is 
is marching on Danville." Maj. F. G. 
Bracht telegraphs from Lexington, on 
13th : " Some of Morgan's men, 400 strong, 
are now near Nicholnsville ; our pickets are 
falling back ; we shall have hot work to- 
night ; Morgan is evidently coming by 
two or three roads." Other dispatches, 
of even more alarming tenor, came in 
from several places. At 9J^ p. M., 13th, 
the mayor of Cincinnati received a dis- 
patch, purporting to be from Gen. Boyle, 
stating that Morgan was moving upon 
Louisville, and asking that all available 
assistance be sent there. Thus mystery 
was added to terror, and terror increased 
the mystery. At Lexington, all able- 
bodied citizens of the city and county 
were ordered to report at the court house 
forthwith, to bo armed for the defense of 
:ity ; "the drinking saloons were all 
closed;" 1,000 horses were impressed; 
. Ward was reported to be " terribly 
3arnest." The Frankfort banks re- 
ed their money to Louisville. Col. J. 
W. Dudley, with 112 policemen from Cin- 
'nnati. hastened to Lexington, and Capt. 
Wm. H. Glass with a brass 12-pounder 
and 4 fire-engine horses to the aid of Cyn- 
hiana ; while Col. Wm. Henry Wadsworth, 
vith 85 men, from Maysville and Wash- 
ngton, hastened gallantly to the relief of 
Paris. 

July 12— Skirmish at Camden, Anderson 



104 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



CO., between Dr. Tom Allen, of Taylors- 
ville, with 70 men, and the Shelbyville 
home guards under Mr. Elder; the latter 
lost 2 men killed and a few prisoners. 
Elder was making arrests, and was resisted 
by Allen. 

July 13— Gen. Boyle, at his Louisville 
headquarters, issues an order "that every 
able-bodied man take arms and aid in re- 
pelling the marauders ; every man who 
does not join will remain in his house 48 
hours, and be shot doicn if he leaves it." 
M.nj. Braeht, provost marshal at Lexing- 
ton, re-publishes the order, saying it " will 
be rigidly enforced, and those not uniting 



then 



the 



houses from 2)^ p.m." " The effect of the 
proclamation is to keep the secessionists 
housed up, for Vear of being shot j they 
cannot procure .arms ; every white man on 
the street is armed to the teeth ; every 
thing here seems stagnant ; three-fourths 
of the stores and manufactories are closed ; 
every face wears a sickly, frightened look ; 
men speak to each other of Morgan, as 
though his name were to them what that 
of Richard of the Lion Heart was to the 
Saracens." 

July 16 — Arresis of citizens charged with 
"disloyalty" increasing; 27 of "the 
wealthiest and most influential citiiens 
(rebels) of Grant and Pendleton counties 
captured and tiiken to Camp Chase ;" " a 
fine haul of .35 secesh prisoners picked up 
in Grant, Pendleton, Owen and Harrison, 
quartered temporarily in Newport bar- 
racks;" 13 "placed in the military prison at 
Louisville, to-day, 7 of them from Hopkins 
CO.;" 11 " admitted " on yesterday ; 18th, 8 
" lodged" in the same prison, and 33 re- 
moved from it to the Indiana penitentiary 
at Jeffersonville. [Such are the daily re- 
ports in the Louisville papers.] 

July 16— Adam R. Johnson, with 32 
men, crosses the Ohio river, and captures 
Newburgh, Warrick co., Indiana, 14 miles 
above Evansville, paroles 85 Federal sol- 
diers, sick in hospital, and takes with him 
200 guns. 

July 17 — President Lincoln sends to 
congress his message vetoing the " Act to 
suppress ^treason and rebellion, to seize 
and confiscate the property of rebels, and 
for other purposes," but nevertheless 
signs the' bill because of an " cvplanatory 
resolution " passed by congress. 

July 17— Battle at Cynthiana, Harrison 
CO. Gen. John H. Morgan's Confederate 
rangers defeat a detachment of the 18th 
Ky., the home guards, Capt. Arthur's com- 
pany from Newport, and Billy Glass' 16 
Cincinnati firemen and 12-pounder, nearly 
500 troops, under Lieut. Col. John J. Lan- 
dram. The contest continued very bravely 
and desperately for about two hours ; a 
few citizens quietly explored cellars, while 
the fight in the street was so hot. Col. 
Landram escaped, with a few men. Gen. 
Duke says 420 prisoners were taken and 
paroled. 16 Federals and 14 Confederates 
were killed, and about 40 wounded on 
each side. The railroad decot and about 



300 muskets were burned. Camp Frazier 
and a large amount of government stores 
destroyed, 

July 18 — About sundown, Morgan's cav- 
alry reached Paris, which had already been 
surrendered by a deputation sent out to 
meet them. About 8 o'clock, next morn- 
ing, they resumed their march for Rich- 
mond, greatly hastened by the approach 
of Gen. Green Clay Smith, with over 1,200 
men, who killed 2, wounded 6, and took a 
few prisoners from the retreating body. 
Morgan reached Winchester about 12 u., 
and Richmond at 4 next A. M., having 
rested 4 hours at the former place. 20th, 
at 4 p. M., he left Richmond, at 11 i.' M., 
was at Crab Orchard, and at sundown at 
Somerset — at which two places he de- 
stroyed 130 government wagons and many 
army stores ; thence, through Monticello, 
to Tennessee. His oiEcial report says : 

" I left Knoxville, July 4th, with about 
900 men, and returned to Livingston, 
Tenn., on the 28th, with nearly 1,200 
men ; having been absent just 24 days — 
during which I traveled over 1,000 miles, 
captured 17 towns, destroyed all the gov- 
ernment supplies and arms in them, cap- 
tured 300 government horses at Cynthiana, 
dispersed about 1,500 home guards, and 
paroled nearly 1,200 regular troops. I 
lost, in killed, wounded and missing, of 
the number that I carried into Ky., about 
90." 

July IS— Congress adjourned yesterday, 
after appropriating about $800,000,000, of 
which $660,000,000 for carrying on the 

war Made post-ofiice stamps a legal 

tender [owing to the great scarcity of 
small change caused by hoarding silver] 
Postponed action on the bill, recom- 
mended by President Lincoln, appropri- 
ating $200,000,000 for the border slave 
states' emancipation, and for colonization 

Senate failed to act on a bill which 

passed the house, providing for the trial 
or discharge of state prisoners ; and re- 
pealed the bill for a military railroad 
through Ky. into East Tennessee. 

July 21 — Gen. Boyle issues the follow- 
ing : 

Headquarters TI. S. Force.s in Ky., 1 
Louisville, July 21, 1862. | 
General Order ^^o. 5. 

The following general order is issued, 
to be enforced by military commanders in 
the district of Ky.: 

No person hostile in opinion to the gov- 
ernment and desiring its overthrow, will 
be allowed to stand for office in the dis- 
trict of Ky. The attempt of such a per- 
son to stand for office will be regarded as 
in itself sufficient evidence of his treason- 
able intent to warrant his arrest. He who 
desires the overthrow of the government 
can seek office under the government only 
to promote its overthrow. In seeking of- 
fice he becomes an active traitor, if he has 
never become one otherwise ; and is liable 
both in reason and in law to be treated 
accordingly. All persons of this descrip- 
tion who persist in offering themselves as 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



candidates for office will be arrested and 
sent to these headquarters. 

By command of Brig. Gen. Boyle. 

JOHN BOYLE, Capt. and A. A. G. 
July 21 — An order issued yesterday 
(Sunday) by Gen. Boyle, in Louisville, re- 
quiring secessionists and suspected persons 
to give up such arms as they had in their 
possession, is faithfully executed by the 
provost guard. 

July 22— Gold in Louisville 19(Sj20 per 

July 22— Two Louisville religious news- 
papers, Tlie True Fresbi/terian, edited by 
Rev. Stuart Robinson, D. D., and Tlie 
BoptCat Recorder, edited by Rev. Mr. Dun- 
can, suppressed by military order, and the 
latter gentleman sent to the military 
prison in Louisville. ^ 

July 22—1,000 Federal troops from Ev- 
ansville, Ind., at 1 a. m., cross the Ohio 
river, march to and surround Henderson, 
but the Confederate troops who had held 
that town for some days had prudently 
slipped away. 

July 23^ — Several ^'secesh'* houses in 
Newport searched, and the following rebel 
music found and seized : " John Morgan's 
Schottische, " "Jeff. Davis' March," 
"Beauregard's March," ''Bonnie Blue 
Flag," "Southern Marseillaise," and 
"Maryland, my Maryland." 

July 26— Rev. Thos A. Hoyt, of Louis- 
ville, and Rev. Jas. H. Brooks, of St. 
Louis — both Presbyterian clergymen ar- 
rested in Cincinnati for supposed disloy- 
alty, their persons and baggage searched, 
and they imprisoned in Newport barracks. 
Rev. S. D. Baldwin, Rev. R. Ford, and 
Rev. E. D. Elliott, from Nashville, shipped 
to Camp Chase, on same ch.arge. Rev. 
Thos. J. Fisher, the celebrated Baptist 
" revival preacher," .arrested in Campbell 
CO., and taken to Newport barracks ; and 
Rev. W. Yl. Hopson, of the Reformed or 
Christian church in Lexington, taken to 
Louisville. Other arrests of preachers 
being made all over the state. Daniel 
Mooar and James O'Hnra, of Covinn-ton 
Col. Thos. L. Jones and Hubbard D.' 
Helm, of Newport, Gen. Lucius Desha 
and ex-mayor Sam. January, of Cynthi- 
ana, and hundreds of prominent citizens, 
put under arrest. Fears of the result of 
a.Jree election, on Monday next, is said to 
have instigated many arrests. 

July 26— All the inhabitants of Casey- 
viUe, Union Co., except 3 who escape, 
taken prisoners by a gun-boat ; she after- 
wards released all but 19, who were taken 
to Evansville, Ind., as prisoners. 

July 28— By order of Gen. Boyle, a 
prison prepared at Newport for " rebel 
" -•■— they will be required to 



t^'rannical to be actually enforced — con- 
tinue as candidates, until individually 
threatened with arrest unless they with- 
draw iimlanter. They acquiesce gracefully. 
July 29— The surrender of Mt. Sterling 
demanded, and the town attacked, by over 
200 men who are reported to be on their 
way to join the Confederate army; they 
are defeated, with 6 killed, as many 
wounded, and about 50 prisoners. 

July 29— Russellville, Logan co., cap- 
lured by Col. R. M. Gano's Confederate 
cavalry ; several U. S. officers killed or 
wounded. 

Aug. 2— Three ladies, of Harrodsburg, 
brought to Louisville by one Capt. Jack 
Mann, and put in the military prison. 

Aug. 2— Steamboat Commodo 
collapses a flue, takes fire, and 
the water's edge, at Louisville ; 3 firemen 
lost, and 2 other hands badly scalded. 

Aug. 4— Election forjudges and county 
officers. Vote small; "Union" ticket 
successful every-where, because any oppo- 
sition was prevented by the military. R. 
K. Williams elected judge of the court of 
appeals from the 4th or Paducah district. 
Aug. 4— Skirmish at Piketon, Pike co., 
between guerrillas and home guards ; for- 
mer retreat. 5th, another skirmish near 
Piketon ; 9 guerrillas killed ; they are re- 
and the home guards are de- 



Perry 



feated. 
., 9°h 



6— Skii 



Peter creek. Pike 
le guards killed, and as many 
crrillas ; former defeated. 
Au^g. 9—" Guerrillas " capture Calhoon 
McLean co., and threaten 



sew for the Fede 

July 28— Samuel M. Moore, now circuit 
judge of the Covington district, and can- 
didate for re-election, AVill. S. Pry or of 
New Castle, Pat. U. Major, of Frankfort, 
and some other candidates — believing Gen 
Boyle's "Order No. 5" designed only for 



' moral effect," 






and 



17th 



other to 

Aug. 10— Gen. Boyle appoints Col. Henry 
Dent, of Louisville, provost marshal gen- 
eral for the state, to whose orders all county 
provost marshals are subject. 

Aug. 12— Adj. Gen. Finnell telegraphs 
that "no more volunteers for one year 
mounted men will be received ; the regi- 
ments are now full to overflowing." 

Aug. 14— Col. Leonidas Metcalfe pays 
the Mayor of Cincinnati, by check on the 
Paris Deposit Bank, $1,800 " in full for 8 
horses and harness captured by Morgan's 
Cynthiana, in the battle of July 
t." This money was part of a 
large sum extorted, levied upon, or forced 
from Southern sympathizers in that part 
of Ky., under a military threat of " Your 
money, or Camp Chase." 

Aug. 14— Legislature, which had ad- 
journed over from March 17 to Nov. 24, 
meets in extraordinary session, in accord- 
ance with Gov Magoffin's proclamation of 
July 28, in which he says : » » « "I 
t a soldier or a dollar to protect 
property and liberties of the 
people, or to enforce the laws. Daily ap- 
peals are being made to me as the gov- 
ernor of the state, to protect our citizens 
from marauding bands, and in the peace- 
njoyment ot their property and rights 
:ion. I am without the 



the 



Oder the 



left: 



afford relief; .and 
. to appeal to you, 



106 



ANXALS OF KENTUCKJ. 



1362 



their representatires— in the hope that it 
will not be in vain." « » '' 

Aug. 15— Gov. Magoffin's message to 
the legislature gives the auditor's state- 
ment of the finances, on July 31. 1862: 

Total in Treasury $423,935 

Of this, belongs to Kevenue... 84,169 

To Sinking Fund proper 169,419 

To School Fund proper 126,347 

To Military Fund 43,998 

He then calls " serious attention to the 
interference by the military with the civil 
authorities, to the arrest of our citizens 
without authority of law, and to their pro- 
tection in the enjoyment of the right of 
suffrage, their right to become candidates 
for and to hold office, and enjoy their 
property, as peaceful and law-abiding 
citizens, under the constitution and laws." 
His message is a very thorough and able 
resume — by quotations — of the positions, 
promises iind assurances of the general 
government, the president, cabinet officers, 
and military leaders — now changed, broken 
and disregarded ; of the unjust and uncon- 
stitutional action of congress, and its as- 
tounding violations of plighted faith ; of 
the exactions, oppressions and violence of 
the military, and its subversion and over- 
throw of the courts and the law. It is 
also an out-spoken and powerful vindica- 
tion of the early and true policy of Ken- 
tucky, and of his own official consistency 
and fidelity. The message was accompa- 
nied by eleven most extraordinary docu- 
ments — Kentucky's first realization in her 
seventy years of state life, of the painful 
experience of all nations in all ages, '•inter 
arma leges silent." Nos. 1 to 9 embrace 
the correspondence between circuit judge 
AViley P. Fowler, of Smithland, county 
judge G. A. Flournoy and county clerk 
Tho. D. Grundy, of Paducah, Col. S. 
Noble commanding U. S. forces at Padu- 
cah, Gov. Magoffin, representative in con- 
gress John J. Crittenden, and secretary of 
war Edwin M. Stanton — complaining, as 
the last named dignitary calls it, " of the 
interference by the United States troops 
in preventing the holding of state courts." 
May 13, while Judge Fowler was holding 
court at Marion, Crittenden co., Capt. 
Stacy, with a body of U. S. cavalry from 
Paducah, put a guard at the doors, and 
sent up the following : 
Headquarters United States Forces,] 
Paducah, Ky., May 12, 1862. ] 
Hon. W. P. Fowi.ee: Sir: I am in- 
formed that many of the officers of your 
court in different counties are secessionists, 
and have not taken the oath of allegiance ; 
that they are constantly oppressing Union 
men, and talking tre.Tson in the very 
presence of the court. These things should 
not be. The Union army came here to 
sustain and defend the constitution of the 
United States, to protect Union men, and 
punish treason wherever it may be found, 
whether in high or low places. So far as 
I myself am concerned, I shall try to do 
so. I understand that Capt. Duval has 
been indicted and imprisoned for being in 



some way concerned in arresting traitors. 
If that be so, he must be at once released. 
When I took command of this post, I was 
instructed that no officer would be per- 
mitted to act in any official capacity what- 
ever who did not take the oath to support 
the coustituHon of the United States and of 
the state of Kentucky. That rule has been 
strictly adhered to in this county, and 



the 



authority i 
see that w 
All ju 



nfor 



where you hold court it is aone. 
rs, both grand and petit, should 
th before being impanneled. 1 
want a record of such oath sent to these head- 
quarters. KespectfuUy yours, 

S. NOBLE, 
Colonel Commanding Post. 

Judge Fowler " refused to comply with 
the order, declined to yield to any dicta- 
tion by military authority as to the dis- 
charge of his duties as presiding officer of 
the court, and ordered an immediate ad- 
journment until court in course." Capt. 
Stacy then informed him that no person 
should leave the court house until the oath 
was taken, that he (Judge F.) was under 
arrest, and would be released upon his 
parole of honor to appear at Paducah on 
May 21. Four members of the bar, who 
refused to take the oath, were immediately 
arrested and put under bond to appear at 
Paducah. 

To Judge Fowler's letter advising him 
fully of these facts. Gov. Magoffin, May 20, 
replied : " For the dignity of the bench, 
for the honor of the state, in the name of 
the liberties of our people, I hope you will 
pay no attention to the illegal, unconsti- 
tutional, and tyrannical action of Capt. 
Stacy. Go on, and hold your courts, under 
the laws and constitution, and do not de- 
grade yourself, your district, or the state, 
by appearing at Paducah before this mili- 
tary subaltern, no matter by whose order. 
Each department of the government must 
be preserved within its legitimate sphere 
of action, or we are lost. I will send your 
communication to the president." 

Judge Fowler's reply. May 23, says he 
.appeared at Paducah, in obedience to his 
parole : that Col. John T. Bunch, of Hen- 
derson, and Ben. P. Cisscll, of Morgan- 
field, desired his presence to assist them to 
get released, in which he, so far, had 
failed. When first taken at Marion, they 
refused to take the oath as then presented. 
Now they were willing ; but an additional 
stipulation w.as so repulsive that they de- 
clined ; as attornevs, they had repeatedly 
taken the oaths ].rc<cribed in the constitu- 
tion and laws of Ky.; they knew of no 
law requiring them to take the oath now 
presented; but most earnestly did they 
object to the surrender of their rights, if 
proceeded against for its violation, from 
the civil to a military tribunal. The oath 
required of them was : 

" I , of county, and 

state of Kentucky, do solemnly swear, that 
I will support, protect and defend the 
constitution and government of the United 



1862. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



107 



faith 



ainst all enemies, whether do- 
foreign ; that I will bear true 
allegiance and loyalty to the 
same, antj ordinance, resolution, or law of 
nnt/ state notwithstanding ; and further, that 
I will well and faithfully perform all the 
duties which may be required of me by 
the laws of the United States; and I take 
this oath freely and voluntarily, without 

soever— with a full and clear understand- 
ing that death, or other punishment, by the 
judgment of a militartj commission, will be 
the penalty for the violation of this my 
solemn oath and parole of honor." 

The same oath was attempted to be 
exacted of Judge Flournoy and clerk 
Grundy— who told Col. Noble they had 
taken all the oaths required by the laws 
of Ky., and could not and would not take 
any other, nor would they resign their 
oflBces. They were straightway prohibited 
from exercising any of the functions of 
either office, .and the clerk's office was 
closed to business. 

Gov. Magoffin, in a stirring letter, May 
25, enclosed these documents to Mr. Crit- 
tenden, who, June 2, laid them all before 
the secretary of war, asking earnest and 
prompt attention, and adding: *' It is 
true that judges may be guilty as well as 
others, and ought, as others, to be respon- 
sible for their conduct ; but that is an in- 
dividual responsibility, and does not war- 
rant indignity, much less violence, to the 
established courts of the state. Disre- 
spect to them is disrespect to the state, 
and that surely cannot be necessary to 
the proper repression of rebellious move- 
ments in Ky." 

Five days after, June 7, the secretary 
of war notified Mr. Crittenden " that the 
papers have been referred to Maj. Gen. 
Halleck, who has command of that de- 
partment, ybr investigation and report." 

The 10th document accompanying the 
governor's message was a letter from J. 
M. Bigger, of Padueah, Ky., dated July 
S, 1862, and addressed to Gov. Magoffin, 
in which he says: 



thii 



ing 






shal at this place, by command of Brig. 
Gen. Boyle, directing me to decline the 
office of circuit judge of the first judicial 
district ; and upon my failure to comply, 1 
am informed that I will be reported under 
arrest to headquarters United States forces 
nt Louisville, Ky. I possess the con- 
stitutional qualifications for said office, 
and have been and am loyal to my state 
and general government; and do not 
wish to be deprived of my constitutional 
rights when no charge can be made against 
me. I hope you will advise me what 
course to pursue, and afford me such pro- 
tection as is in your power." 

The 11th document was a letter to the 
governor, from " Camp Chase, Ohio, Aug. 
6, 1862, Prison No. 2," from 93 citizens 
of Ky. who had been arrested between 



May 23 and Aug. 4 ; setting forth " that, 
while in the peaceful pursuit of their le- 
gitimate business at home, without war- 
rant or law, they had been arrested by 
force that over))Owered them, placed in 
confinenent in different prisons in Ky. and 
then brought to this prison in another 
stale ; that they were Law-abiding citizens 
of Ky. and of the U. S., and had not vio- 
lated the laws of either ; that they were 
denied a trial by any tribunal known to 
the laws of our common country, but 
were compelled to remain there in prison, 
away from their homes, wives, children, 
relations, and friends, who were not per- 
mitted to see them — all verbal communi- 
cations being refused them." They prayed 
the legislature " to take speedy action in 
their behalf, that they might have a trial 
before their peers in their own state, and 
be able to meet their accusers face to face, 
and be dealt with according to law." The 
letter was signed by : 

From Campbell co., 27— Robert Mad- 
dox, Hubbard D. Helm, Peter G. Arthur, 
G. S. Skilbeck, Rev. Thos. J. Fisher, John 
P. Jackson, A. D. Daniel, Jesse Yelton, 
S. B. Arnold, Jas. S. Digby, h. \V. Woods, 
Jas. McKibbin, A. D. Furnish, Geo. F. 
Trusdell, Andrew C. Spahr, Jos. Spahr, 
Jas. W. Shanks, Wm. Wiscer, Lewis 
Stearns, Geo. D. Allen, Sol. MoDade, 
Francis M. Royse. Pat. AValsh, John 
Lightfoot, Geo. W. Lightfoot, John Kiser, 
ami A. J. Galbraith ; 

From Kenton Co., 11— Wm. Henry Tar- 
vin, Henry Zell, S. Webster, Wm. Long, 
J. J. Childress, Wyatt Morgan, Wm. 
Smith, Silas Sparrow, J. W. Pelly, W. H. 
H. Pluramer, and C. G. Waller; 

From Grant oo., 15—0. D. McManama, 
Dr. R. G. Harrington, John DeHart, 
Gideon Kinman, John A. Turner, John H. 
Webb, 0. P. Billiter, V. Simon, Jacob 
Isaaek, Jas. W. Evans, Jas. C. Woodyard, 
John J. Ilensley, John F. Flege, Esau 
Bayers, and G. W. Ferrill ; 

From Harrison co., 12— Perry Wherritt, 
Larkin G.-irnett, AVm. Clevel.md, Samuel 
F. J.anuary, Jos. Daugherty, Dudley Cur- 
tis, Young H. Doan, John B. Doan, John 
S. McKinney, Jas. Wilson, Joel Beagle, 
and Joshua King ; 

From Pendleton CO., 9— Geo. L. Aber- 
nathy, Jas. Williams, Jas. H. Cleveland, 
Samuel Brock, S. S. Slater, Jas. A. Black- 
, Asa Tomlin, Henry Nunamaker, acd 
J. T. Blackburn ; 

From Bracken co., 5 — Marma Slade, J. 
Cross Diltz, Richard Taylor, David Wood, 
and J.as. McDonald ; 

From Owen co., 4— Thos. P. Herndon, 
R. H. Smith, Jas. Fitzgerald, and M. W. 
Yates ; 

From Barren co., 4— S. S. Fan-is, J. H. 
Farris, Pouncy Nuckols, and Jos. M. 
Dickey ; 

From Todd co., 3— Chas. Armstrong, 
Chas. Wilson Armstrong, and Jas. Harvey 

•om Montgomery co., 1 — Geo. H. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



From Fayette co., 1 — Jerome P. Frazer ; 

From Bourbon Co., 1— W. P. Payne. 

Aug. 13— Skirmish at Allen's Springs, 
Allen CO. 

Aug. 15— Col. Wm. P. Boone, of the 
28th Ky., and 223 of his officers and men, 
who were taken prisoners at Gallatin, 
Tenn., Aug. 12, by Gen. John H. Morgan, 
and paroled, reach Louisville. 

Aug. 16 — The Louisville Journal says 
that Morgan was the only county in which 
Gen. Boyle's order forbidding rebels to be 
candidates was openly violated. The se- 
cret of it was the absence of Federal sol- 
diers to enforce the order, and the pres- 
ence of guerrillas to enable the " rebels " 
to vote. 

Aug. 16— Skirmish at John Demon- 
bron's, 2K miles from Mammoth Cave, Ed- 
monson CO.; home guards defeat a Con- 
federate company, killing the captain, 
wounding 9, and taking 77 prisoners. 

Aug. 16 — Sudden and extraordinary 
change in state policy inaugurated. Gov. 
Magoffin intimates his intention of resign- 
ing, provided a successor is chosen to suit 
him, but not olhennise. The office of lieu- 
tenant governor being vacant by the death 
of Linn Boyd, the speaker of the senate 
becomes governor in case of the resignation 
of the governor. 

In the senate, John F. Fisk resigns the 
speakership, in these words : 

" Senators : I arise to perform what I 
consider a high patriotic duty — a duty to 
Kentucky and to the nation. It comes to 
me from gentlemen in whom I have the 
highest confidence, that if I vacate my 
position as speaker of the senate it will 
result in giving to the commonwealth an 
executive who will be able to act harmo- 
niously and energetically with the loyal 
sentiment of the people. I have but one 
rule of action. Let me see clearly that 
any course of conduct is a duty I owe 
to myself, my country, or my God, and I 
am decided at once. Surrounded as we 
are with perils to our state and nation, I 
sacrifice myself with pleasure, believing 
that, under different auspices, we may 
secure internal peace, save the state, and 
serve the national cause. We must rescue 
the state and nation from the power of this 
rebellion. Before I retire from the high 
position which I hold by your suffrage, I 
wish to return to you my grateful thanks 
for the repeated evidences you have given 

These tokens of your approbation I shall 
jherish while I live. I return the trust 
confided to me, and now resign the posi- 
tion of speaker of this body." 

The senate unanimously adopts a series 
of resolutions highly complimentary to 
senator Fisk, for his dignity, firmness, and 
urbanity, and for " voluntarily retiring 
from the oflice of speaker," thereby show- 
ing " a patriotism above all selfishness, 
and manifesting that he is ready at all 
times to forego the allurements of personal 
ambition whenever he can thereby in any 
manner promote the public good." 



James F. Kobinson was then unani- 
mously elected speaker, to fill the vacancy 
thus made. 

During the same day a message was re- 
ceived from the governor tendering his 
resignation of that office, to take effect at 
10 A. M. on Monday, Aug. 18; and enclos- 
ing the private correspondence between 
Adj. Gen. Wm. A. Dudley and himself, in 



fhich 



"Atany time wi 


thin the la 


St t 


ifelve or 


eighteen months, i 


would ha 


•e e 


ven me 


great pleasure to re 


sign my office, 


could I 


have done so cons 


stently w 


th my own 


self-respect. But 


the storm 


of 


wholly 



undeserved abuse with which I have been 
assailed during that period, and the threats 
of impeachment, arrest, even assaseiuation, 
constantly made against me, have com- 
pelled me to continue in the quiet dis- 
charge of my duty. Otherwise, I should 
have been regarded as either tacitly admit- 
ting the truth of the charges against me, or 
as quailing before the threats of my ene- 
mies. Me.Tnwhile, however, several ses- 
sions of the legislature have passed without 
a single charge having been formally 
preferred against me. Then, recently, 
reasons of a quasi public character have 
determined me to persevere in that course. 
My political friends— and by this term I 
mean the southern rights party, a great 
majority of whom are not and never were 
secessionists — have been subjected to what 
seems to me, in modern times, an unex- 
ampled persecution. My position was 
such that I was totally unable to relieve 
them, and yet I could not reconcile it to 



my conscience even to appear to desert 
them in their need Could I be as- 
sured that my successor would be a con- 
servative, just man, of high position and 
character ;_ and that his jiolicy would be 
conciliatory and impartial towards all law- 
abiding citizens, however they may differ 
in opinion ; that the constitutional rights 
of our people would be regarded, and the 
subordination of the military to the civil 
power be insisted on and maintained to 
the utmost extent our disturbed condition 
will admit — I would not hesitate an 
instant in putting off the cares of office, 
and in tendering him my best wishes for 
the success of his administration. With- 
out a satisfactory assurance to that effect, 
you must admit that, in justice to my 
friends, I cannot and ought not to re- 

Aug. 18 — By arrangement and invita- 
tion, the senate and its officers escort the 
retiring governor Magoffin and the acting- 
governor James F. Robinson to the hall of 
the house of representatives, where the 
latter takes the oath as governor. Next 
day, he appoints D. Carmichael Wickliffe 
secretary of state. 

Aug. 18— The speaker of the senate, 
Jas. F. Robinson, " having been called on 
to administer the government, in conse- 



snceofthe 

1 the death of the lieutenant governo 

devolved upon the senate to elect 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



109 



Bpetilier for the occasion " — [so says the 
senate journal as approved.] John F. 
Fisk " received all the votes given, and 
was duly elected." 

Aug. 14— Memorial of Gen. Lucius 
Besha, the representative from Harrison 
CO., (now a military prisoner at Camp 
Chase, Columbus, Ohio) presented, asking 
the legislature to take steps to restore him 
to liberty and to his seat in the house. 

Aug 16— John B. Temple resigns as 
president, and, Aug. 19, Geo. T. "Wood 
resigns as associate member of the Mili- 
tary Board, to take effect Aug. 30. 

Aug. 16— Adj. Gen. Finnell reports the 
whole number of men from Ky. who have 
volunteered in the U. S. army .at 41,703. 

Aug. 19 — Vincent Ash, representative 
from Anderson CO., by a vote of 73 to 3, 
expelled because " he had joined Morgan's 
rebel band." 

Aug. 16 — Provost marshal general Dent 
issues Orders Nos. 1 and 2. In the first, 
'* indiscriminate arrests are strongly con- 
demned ; no arrests must be made, except 
for causes set forth in Gen. Boyle's Order 
No. 4 ; the charge must be specific, and 
supported by the written affidavit of one 
or more responsible parties." In the sec- 
ond, he announces that he is ordered by 
Gen. Boyle to execute his office under the 
governor; and that ''provost marshals 
who, directly or indirectly, take money 
from persons arrested, in the shape of fees 
for oaths, bonds, Jcc, will be arrested and 
brought to his headquarters." 

Aug. 16— Skirmish in Lawrence (now 
Martin) co., 6 miles below Warfield ; Con- 
federates repulsed by home guards. 

Aug. 17 — Skirmish at Laurel bridge, in 
Laurel co., between Col. Hanks with some 
Tennesseeans .and two companies of Col. 
Garrard's 7th Ky., and a Confederate force 
under Col. Scott. 

Aug. 21— The following order issued : 
Headqdaeters U. S. Forces,] 
Cynthiana, Aug. 21,1862. J 
The secessionists, or known sympa- 
thizers with secession, in the immediate 
vicinity of any railroad disaster, occa- 
sioned by the intentional destruction of 
the track, will he held strictly responsible 
for any damage therefrom, and the ex- 
tremest rigor will be used against them 
for all such villainy. They can and must 
put a stop to it. 

By order of Brig. Gen. J. T. Boyle. 
J.J. LANDRUM, 
Lieut. Col., Commanding Post. 
Aug. 18 — Col. John H. Morgan issues a 
proclamation from his headquarters at 
Hartsville, Tenn., threatening retaliation, 
" two dollars for one " — in reply to one is- 
sued from Paris, Ky., Aug 14, from which 
it appears that the agents of the Federal 
government are forcing Morgan's " friends 
to pay for the acts of their favorite chief- 

Aug. 21 — Woodward's Confederate cav- 
alry defeat, take prisoners, and parole 
Capt. Goodwin's co., of 54th Indiana, at 
Red River, near the Logan co. line. 



Aug. 22 — Legislature amends the jury 
laws so as to compel all jurors to take the 
following oath in addition to that already 
prescribed : " I do swear that I have not 
directly engaged, or been in the service 
of the so-called Confederate States, or 
either of them, or in the service of the so- 
called provisional government of Ky., 
either in a civil or military capacity ; and 
that I have not directly or indirectly en- 
gaged in, aided or abetted any rebellion 

States or state of Kentucky, so help me 
God." Appropriates $50,000 as a se- 
cret service fund, to be used by the gov- 
ernor, at his discretion, in the public 

service 26— Provides for drafting the 

militia whenever necessary to raise troops 
for the use and defense of the state, or to 

fill up any requisition of the U. S 

28— Abolishes the Military Board 

Makes punishable by fine of $50 to $100 
to display the secession flag, and by con- 
finement in the penitentiary lo conspire or 
combine to levy war against the state, or 
to give aid or comfort, or to hold secret 
meetings to encourage or aid the Southern 

Confederacy 30 — Requires common 

school commissioners, examiners of teach- 
ers, and teachers, and college professors 
to take a stringent oath, and punishes any 
who exercise any of these duties or call- 
ings without such oath by fine of $25 to 
$200 31— Requires a similar strin- 
gent oath to be taken by ministers of the 
gospel and others before they shall solemn- 
ize marriage, under penalty of fine of 

from $50 to $500 Re-enacts the 

"state guard" law 31 — Authorizes 

the governor, in case of danger at Frank- 
fort, to remove the public archives. 

Aug. 22— Gen. Richard AV. Johnson (of 
Ky.) with 800 men, including Col. Hag- 
gard's 5th Ky. cavtilry, attack 700 Con- 
federate cavalry under Col. John H. Mor- 
gan, near Hartsville, Sumner co., Tenn., 
about 17 miles south of the Ky. boundary 
line, and are twice defeated ; loss 64 killed, 
100 wounded, and 200 prisoners, including 
Gen. Johnson and Maj. Winfrey ; Confed- 
erate loss 7 killed, 18 wounded. Col. 
Duke speaks of Gen. Johnson as a fine, 
dashing officer, his dispositions for attack 
good, and his men fighting br.avely and 
gallantly ; but he did not seem to com- 
prehend the "new style of cavalry" at 
all. 

Aug. 22— President Lincoln, in a letter 
to Horace Greeley, says : " My para- 
mount object is to save the Union, and not 
either to save or destroy slavery. If I 
could save the Union without freeing any 
slaves I would do it ; and if I could save 
it by freeing all the slaves I would do it ; 
and if I could save it by freeing some and 
leaving others alone, I would also do that" 

Aug. 23— Action on Big Hill, in Rock- 
castle county, about 15 miles from Rich- 
mond. Col. Lconidas Metcalfe, with 400 
Federal cavalry dismount, and on foot 
attack a Confederate force of probably su- 
perior numbers j but were received with 



no 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



SHch a shower of bullets and sheila as ter- 
rified the attacking party, three-fourths of 
whom mounted their horses and fled "like 
a pack of cowards " in all directions — 
leaving 10 killed, and 40 wounded 
prisoners; a portion remained firm, fought 
bravely for 134 hours, and checked the 
advance of the enemy. [Those who fled 
so promptly are officially styled '•' des 
ers," in the adjutant general's report; and 
Gen. Nelson, in " general orders No. 2," 
directed all provost marshals to arrest and 
commit them to jail, wherever found.] 

Aug. 24 — Great excitement in Fayette 
and Madison counties, caused by a mili- 
tary notice served upon slaveholders to 
furnish, by a day stated, a specified num- 
ber of able-bodied negro men " for the 
use of the U. S. government as laborers " — 
the object being to repair the road be- 
tween Mt. Vernon and Cumberland Gap. 
Gen. Boyle says that if the government 



railroad between Lexington and the Gap 
in two months. 

Aug. 25— A " relief " bill, to extend the 
return day of executions issued since 
March 1, to March !, 1864, voted down in 
the senate by 18 to 4. 

Aug. 25 — 62 home guards from Danville 
and Harrodsburg surprise a body of guer- 
rillas, 6 miles south of Danville, on 
Shelby's farm ; kill 3, wound 8, and cap- 
ture 30 horses ; 1 home guard killed, 2 
wounded. 

Aug. 25 — Skirmish two miles from 
Madisonville, Hopkins co. 

Aug. 25— Col. Theo. T. Garrard, with 
560 of the 7th and 23d Ky. waylay, on a 
hill side, over Red Bird creek, 150 of 
Stearnes' Confederate cavalry, and rout 
them, with loss of 1 killed ; Confederate 
loss 3 killed, 2 mortally wounded, the rest 

Aug. 26— Maj. Gen. Wm. Nelson, from 
his "headquarters of the Army of Ky.," 
at Richmond, addresses a letter to Gov. 
Robinson concerning the want of dUcipJine 
in some of the Ky. troops: "Robbing, 
plundering, marauding are punishable, by 
the articles of war, with death ; and it is 
plain why such a punishment is awarded 
them. They destroy discipline and effi- 
ciency, and convert a body of men as- 
sembled for the defense of the country 
into its greatest oppression and worst 
enemy. The men who rob and steal won't 
fight. Then, again, a regiment without 
discipline cannot be depended on, no mat- 
ter how gallantly led. Metcalfe's mishap 
on Saturday [at Big Hill] is a case in 

Aug. 29— Skirmishing, a few miles 
south of Richmond, JIadison eo., between 
the advance of both armies. 30— Brig. 
Gen. Manson, (of Ind.) contrary to the 
orders of his superior officer, Gen. Nelson, 
to axoid a fight and fall back, marches out 
5 miles to attack the enemy, and at 6 A. 
M., brings on a terrible engagement be- 
tween his force of 9,000, and the Confed- 



erate force of somewhat greater numbers, 
which lasts until 11 a. m. A lull of about 
an hour ensued, both sides seeming ex- 
hausted, when the battle was renewed j 
but the tide soon turned against the Fed- 
erals, who fled in every direction, the main 
body keeping the pike toward Richmond. 
Two miles from Richmond, Gen. Nelson, 
who had ridden 52 miles that day, on a 
relay of horses, met and rallied the flying 
forces, making a brief and desperate re- 
sistance, even cutting down with his sword 
an officer who called to his men to scatter 
and run. The panic soon was complete, 
and he, unwilling to give up, was sur- 
rounded by the enemy, twice wounded, 
and would have been killed but for the 
daring act of Maj. Green Clay who seized 
his bridle and forced him from the field. 
At the crossing of the Ky. river he rallied 
some fragments of regiments, to check the 
pursuing force, but only for a few minutes. 
Such utter demoralization and panic could 
not be suddenly recovered from, and a 
large part of the troops took through the 
woods and fields, not ceasing their flight 
until they had crossed the Ohio river. 
" Don't tell me those rebel soldiers won't 
fight," said a Federal miijor, who had re- 
treated to the bank of the Ohio, but whose 
courage had stood the test of many a well- 
fought field in other climes ; " they lived 
for days on nothing but gn 



;the 



vhilethe 



sted 



s, but I tell you they 



another for themselv 
fought like devils T^ 

In the singular excitement that ensued 
for weeks, no accurate account of the loss 
was published ; the Federal loss is variously 
stated at 225 to 400 killed, from 350 to 
1,100 wounded, and from 3,000 to 6,000 
prisoners ; the Confederate loss in killed 
.at from 100 to 250, and in wounded at 
250 to 500. The prisoners were paroled 
and set free ; and it was soon after an- 
nounced that they would be sent out to 
fight the Indians, relieving the troops 
already there, who would then be sent 
against the Confederates— decidedly a dis- 
honorable subterfuge. 

Aug. 31 — Sundai/ nif/ht, the legislature 
meets in extraordinary session, attends 
to the usual routine of business, but 
agrees to adjourn [out of tender consid- 
eration and respect fer the Confederate 
army, now approaching uncomfortably 
near] to meet in the court house at Louis- 
ville on Tuesday, Sept. 2. 

Sept. 1 — At Morganfield, Union co., some 
of Adam R. Johnson's troops defeated by 
a detachment of Col. Shackleford's 8th 
Ky. cavalry. 

Sept. 1 — Paris evacuated by the Fed- 
erals, who fall back on Cynthiana 

Gen. E. Kirby Smith's Confederate troops 
occupy Lexington. Their approach causes 
great excitement at Louisville, Covington, 
Newport, and Cincinnati ; where, next day, 
martial law is proclaimed. 

Sept. 2 — Versailles occupied by Confed- 
erates At Louisville, the daily news- 
papers are forbidden to publish the names 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Ill 



of persons arrested and committed to mill 
tary prisons. 

Sept. 3 — Legislature, in session at Lou 
isville, resolves " tliat the invasion of the 
state by the rebels, now in progress, i 
be resisted and repelled by all the power 
of the state, by all her men, by all her 
means, and to every extremity of honor- 
able war; and that he who now seeks to 
save himself by deserting or holding back 
from the service of the commonwealth, is 
unworthy the name of a Kentuokian." 
And, further, "that the governor be and 
he is hereby charged with no other re- 
strictions on his powers than what are im- 
posed by the constitution — to take care of 
the commonwealth." [The records of the 
state, and cotemporary newspapers, alike 
failed to preserve the deeds of noble dar- 
ing done by the members of the legislature 
who voted so heartily for the first-named 
resolution, and who, by adjourning Sept. 
5, secured opportunity for other important 
service to the state in this time of peril 
and need. It must not be reckoned a 
sample of the pompous and wordy patriot- 
ism which cropped out in the proclama- 
tions of the governor and adjutant general, 
and which characterized the newspapers 
of the day.] 

Sept. 3— Skirmish at Slaughtersville, 

Webster co.; Confederates repulsed 

Two engagements at Geiger's Lake, not 
far from Henderson ; in one of which. Col. 
Shackleford, with about 400 men, defeats 
and scatters a large Confederate force un- 
der Adam R. Johnson ; Col. S. wounded. 

Sept. 3— Gov. Robinson appoints Col. 
Wm. Henry Wadsworth, of MaysviUe, to 
command the state forces in Mason county. 
He appoints on his staflf, Richard Apper- 

eral with rank of colonel, and Thos. M. 
Green and Sam. W. Owens as aids-de- 
camp with rank of captain. 

Sept. 4— Col. John H. Morgan's Confed- 
erate cavalry reach Lexington at 10 a. m., 
amid enthusiastic shouts and congratul.i- 
tions. They entered Ky., in Allen co., 
July 29 ; reached Glasgow July 30 ; thence 
to Columbia, Adair co., remaining two 
days ; thence via Liberty in Casey co., 
Hustonville in Lincoln co., Sept. 2, and 
Danville and Nicholasville next day. In 
a few days, Capt. W. C. P. Breckinridge, 
Lieut. Sam. D. Morgan (cousin of Col. J. 
H. M.), and Cols. Cluke and Chenault re- 
cruit nearly 1,000 men for their battalions 
and regiments. Capt. (now made Brig. 
Gen.) Abram Buford recruits three fine 
regiments of cavalry, under Cols. Butler, 
Smith, and Grigsby. 

Sept. 5 — Legislature authorizes home 
guard companies, of free white male citi- 
zens between 16 and 65 years, to be organ- 
ized for home and self-protection Ad- 
journs until Jan. 8, 1863. 

Sept. 6— Brig. Gen. Henry Heth, with 
5,000 or 6,000 veteran Confederate troops 
from Gen. Kirby Smith's corps, following 
down the Ky. Central railrn.nd track" 
camps a few miles back of Covington, and 



threatens the three cities. For some days 
he could readily have captured them by a 
bold dash ; but is prevented by orders from 
Gen. Smith, who holds him in readiness 
for orders from Gen. Bragg. Unparalleled 
excitement at Cincinnati ; business houses 
closed, and nearly all business suspended 
except hotels and newspapers; all male 
citizens, including ministers of the gospel 
and old men, forced into military service 
and drilling, or into the trenches to dig 
earth fortifications back of Covington and 
Newport ; for some days no males allowed 
to leave Cincinnati, except southward to 
help defend it; "squirrel hunters" and 
volunteer militia from Ohio and Indiana, 
over 25,000 strong, pour in from all di- 
rections, and right over the pontoon bridge 
or bridge of barge-boats, to defend Cin- 
cinnati by first defending Covington and 
Newport; U. S. soldiers ordered in from 
all points where they can be spared. 

Sept. 6 — Thos. N. Lindsey appointed 
by the Confederates mayor of Frankfort, 

Sept. 8 — Gen. Lew. Wallace causes 
Frank K. Hunt, of Lexington, to be ar- 
rested and taken from the Cincinnati and 
MaysviUe packet Emma, when landing at 
Higginsport, Ohio, bound up — although 
he had a pass from Gov. Robinson. It is 
supposed to be as a hostage for the return 
of Rev. Robert G. Brank, of Lexington, 
now held a prisoner by the Confederates. 

Sept. 8— Stockade at bridge over Salt 
river, on the Louisville and Nashville 
railroad, captured by Lieut. Col. Hutchin- 
son, of Morgan's brigade, 150 prisoners 
taken and paroled, and the bridge (450 
feet long and 46 feet high) thoroughly 
destroyed. 

Sept. 10— While holding Paris, the Con- 
federate forces parole all citizens who are 
attached to the home guards, and confiscate 
their muskets. The Confederate provost 
marshal issues an order m.Tking Confed- 
erate money receivable for all goods and 
produce sold, and places under arrest for 
several days one merchant who was bold 
enough to refuse it. 

Sept. 11— Col. Richard M. Gano, com- 
manding 2d brigade of Morgan's Confed- 
erate cavalry, with 800 men, at Washing- 
ton, Mason co., 4 miles from MaysviUe, 
by letter notifies F. B. Trussell, mayor of 
MaysviUe, that he will not shell or attack, 
or even enter the city, unless the Federal 
troops cross over from Ohio and make 
MaysvUle the basis of their operations. 
The mayor replies that there is no organ- 
ized force in MaysviUe to oppose him, and 
*' the citizens will expect him to protect 
them from violence or abuse." 

Sept. 12— Union men -in Bracken co. 
drive Rev. John G. Fee, for preaching 
abolitionism, out of the state; they ferry 
him over the Ohio river, and threaten to 
hang him if he returns. 

Sept. 12 — Gen. Heth commences his de- 
liberate retreat from back of Covington. 
Federal troops cautiously pursue so far as 
Florence, 9 miles. 

Sept. 13 — An advance of the Confederate 



112 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



forces under Gen. Bragg, who had entered 
the state, Sept 5, and moved towards Bowl- 
ing Green, demands the surrender of 
Munfordsville, Hart oo., on Green river 
where it is crossed by the L. & N. R. R., 
which Col. Wilder, with 3,100 Federal in- 
fantry and 4 cannon, refuses. Next morn- 
ing. Gen. Duncan's Confederate troops 
attack, but after 7 hoars' fighting are re- 
pulsed, with small loss; Wilder's loss 8 
killed and 20 wounded. 16th, the attack 
is renewed with great spirit, and after a 
stubborn resistance Col. C L. Dunham, 
who had arrived with reinforcements and 
assumed command, surrenders on the 17th, 
with 4,500 men and 10 guns. Confederates 
destroy the bridge over Green river. 

Sept. 15 — Confederate forces again ad- 
vance towards Covington, as far as Flor- 
ence, 9 miles off, and engage in a skirmish 
in which they suffer slightly. 

Sept. 17— Louisville fortifying against 
the expected approach of Gen. E. Kirby 
Smith's forces. 

Sept. 17 — Cumberland Gap (which was 
evacuated by the Confederates under Gen. 

pied by the Federals under Gen. Geo. W. 
Morgan) evacuated by Gen. Morgan andhis 
four brigades, and possession taken, Sept. 
18, by Gen. Stevenson ; the evacuation in 
each case caused by fear of starvation, 
and consequent capture. Passing via 
Cumberland Ford, in Josh Bell co., Man- 
chester in Clay eo., Proctor in Owsley 
(now in Lee) eo., Comptnn and Hazel 
Green in Wolfe eo.', Grayson in Carter oo., 
Gen. Morgan's division reached Green- 
upsburg, on the Ohio river, Oct. 3— a 
march of nearly 200 miles, over a rough 
and mountainous country, in a little less 
than 16 days ; bringing off all his artillery 
except 4 siege guns ; harassed, from a few 
miles south of West Liberty to Grayson, 
by Col. John H. Morgan's Confederate 
cavalry, who felled trees across his path, 
barricaded his road, captured his cattle 
supplies, skirmished with his outposts 
and advance, and might have defeated 
him in battle if reinforced as ordered ; 
through clouds of dust and over hot sands, 
with stagnant tepid water for drink, .at 
times, and only roast-corn for food; alto- 
gether the march and escape was one of 
the most wonderful and successful in all 
military history. 

Sept. 18— Skirmish at Falmouth between 
11 home guards and 28 Texas rangers ; 
the latter driven off, with 2 killed, 4 
wounded and 1 prisoner; they threatened 
to return with cannon and demolish the 
house which the former occupied, and 
burnt the railroad bridge ; the home guards 
prudently retreated several miles towards 
Cincinnati, and sent for reinforcements. 

address from Glasgow, informs the people 
of Ky., that " the Confederate army of 
the West offers an opportunity to free 
themselves from the tyranny of a despotic 

ruler Needful supplies must be had 

for his army, but they shall be paid for at 



od Lieut. Roberts 

captures 1 company and put: 



fair and remunerating prices." From 
Glasgow he advances towards Bardstown, 
and in the direction of Louisville. 

Sept. 19 — At Owensboro, Confederates 
attack and defeat the Federals, killing 
the Colonel. 20th, Spencer (Ind.) home 
guards come to their aid, and with a loss 
of 2 killed and 18 wounded drive out the 

Sept. 21 — Munfordsville re-occupied by 
Federal troops. 

Sept. 21 — Confederate cavalry attack 
Granger's command at Shepherdsville, 
Bullitt CO., intending to burn the railroad 
bridge ; but are driven off, losing 5 killed 
and 28 prisoners. 

Sept. 21— Col. Geo. M. Jessee's Confed- 
erate cavalry attack, at Newcastle, pro- 
vost marshal Robert Morris' home guard 
cavalry, 170 strong, and compel their sur- 
render — men, horses, and 300 stand of 
arms. 

Sept. 22— Gen. Nelson orders the women 
and children to be sent out of Louisville, 
preparatory to a battle with the Confeder- 

Sept. 23— Sergeant Will. Hayes (of Cov- 
ington), with 6 Confederate cavalry of 
Morgan's regiment, by a bold ruse com- 
pels the surrender of 69 Federal infantry, 

light 

Sept. '25— Gen. Bu'ell's Federal army 
reaches Louisville, having outmarched 
Gen. Bragg. 

Sept. 27 — Desperately fought battle at 
Augusta, Bracken co., between 125 home 
guards under Col. (Dr.) Joshua Taylor 
Bradford (part of whom were Southern 
sympathizers impressed for the occasion), 
stationed in brick houses, and about 350 
of Col. Basil W. Duke's regiment of Mor- 
gan's Confederate cavalry — who fought in 
the streets, and were forced to burn nearly 
.all the buildings in two squares in order to 
dislodge the home guards, who soon sur- 
rendered. Confederate loss 21 killed and 
18 wounded ; among the killed and mor- 
tally wounded were Capts. Sam'l D. Mor- 
gan (cousin of Col. .John H, Morgan), 
Allen, and Kennett, and Lieuts. Greenbury 
Roberts, Geo. White, Rogers, King, and 
Wm.Courtland Prentice (son of Geo. D. 
Prentice, editor Louisville Journal). Pris- 
oners nearly all paroled, next day. Two 
gunboats, the Belfast, Capt. Sedam, and 
the Allen Collier, were at the landing and 
might have protected the town ; but they 
steamed off out of danger, as soon as they 
found that the enemy had howitzers, al- 
though their sides were protected by hay 
bales. The exhaustion of howitzer-am- 
munition and heavy loss in men and 
officers defeated the main object of Col. 
Duke's raid — which was to ford the Ohio 
river a few miles below August!)., and, 
marching towards Cincinnati, so threaten 
that city as to compel the troops on the 
Lexington turnpike at Walton to hurry 
back to its defence. 

Sept. 27 — Maj. John James Key, of In 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



113 



diana, formerly of MaysviUe, Ky., dis- 
missed from the U. S. military service by 
President Lincoln, for saying — in reply to 
the question " Why was not the rebel army 
bagged, immediately after the battle near 
Sharpsburg, Md.7 "—in substance, " That 
is not the game ; that we should tire the 
rebels out and ourselves, and neither 
army get much advantage of the other; 
that was the only way the Union could 
be preserved ; then we could compromise, 
come together fraternally, and slavery be 

Sept. 28 — Skirmish at Brooksville be- 
tween part of Col. Duke's forces and Mays- 
viUe home guards. 

Sept. 29— Gen. Wm. Nelson shot, in the 
Gait House, Louisville, in a personal dif- 
ficulty, by Brig. Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, of 
Indiana; he dies in 15 minutes. 

Sept. 30— Confederates defeated, in a 
small engagement at Russollville. 

Oct. 1— Confederate pickets within 6 
miles of Louisville, but the main body 25 
or 30 miles distant. Gen. Buell's army 
leaves Louisville in pursuit — Gen. Mc- 
Cook's corps, the left wing, on the Tay- 
lorsville road ; Gen. Gilbert's, on the Shep- 
herdsville ; and Gen. Crittenden's, the 
right wing, on the Bardstown pike. Gen. 
Buell and his second in command, Gen. 
Geo. H. Thomas, accompany the Litter. 

Oct. 2— Capt. Mott, with lOlh Ky. cav- 
alry, captures 18 rebels and 96 horses, at 
camp near Williamstown, Grant co. 

Oct. 4— Gen. Wharton's Confederate 
cavalry — left behind by order of Gen. 
Bragg as his rear guard, with orders 
to keep the Federals out of Bardstown 
until this evening— lie in ambush near the 
Bardstown Fair Grounds, rush upon the 
Federal advance guard, and drive it back. 

Oct. 4 — Inaugural ceremonies of the Pro- 
visional Government of Ky. at Frankfort. 
Richard Hawes, of Bourbon, inaugurated 
governor, and in an address tells the listen- 
ing crowd that " the state would be held by 
theConfederatearmy,cost what it might" — 
a statement and assurance uttered in perfect 
good faith, and which his proud and hon- 
orable nature would have scorned to make, 
had, he suspected that the vacillating Gen. 
Bragg had deceived him, and that the 
Confederate army had even then com- 
menced its ill-advised retreat. Four 
hours later, the new government left 
Frankfort in dignified haste, never to re- 
turn. 

Oct. 6— Hand-to-hand cavalry fight near 
Lawrenceburg, Anderson co., between 
Col. Scott's Confederate and Col. R. T. 
Jacob's 9th Ky.; short but exciting. 

Oct. 7— At 7 p. M., Gen. Buell sends 
special written orders to Gen. Thomas, in 
part as follows : " The 3d corps, Gilbert's, 
is within 3>^ miles of Perryville, the cav- 
alry being nearer, perhaps 2}4 miles. 
From ail the information received to-day 
it is thought the enemy will resist our ad- 
vance into Perryville. They are said to 
have a strong force in and around the 
place. We expect to attack and carry 

I.. .8 



the place to-morrow. March at 3 o'clock 
precisely, to-morrow morning, without 
fail; and if possible get all the canteens 
filled, and have the men cautioned to use 
water in the most sparing manner. Every 
officer must caution his men on this point. 
There is no water near us, and we can ex- 
pect but little if any until we get it at Per- 
ryville. 

Oct. 7 — 78th Indiana regiment surprised, 
surrounded, and captured by Confederate 
troops, near Bardstown, Nelson co.; their 
guns taken from them, and the men pa- 
roled and allowed to depart. 

Oct. 8— Gre.^test btittle ever fought in 
Kentucky, on Chaplin Hills, near Perry- 
ville, Boyle CO., generally called the battle 
of Perryville. The immediiite commander 
of the Federal forces actually engaged, 
Gen. Alex. McDowell McCook, of the 1st 
army corps, styles it " the bloodiest bat- 
tle of modern times, for the number of 
troops engaged on our side," which he 
states at 14,000 (Brig. Gens. Lovell H. 
Rousseau's division 7,000, Jas. S. Jack- 
son's 6,600, and Gooding's brigade 1,500); 
besides which was Maj. Gen. Chas. C. 
Gilbert's 3d army corps (Brig. Gens. Rob- 
ert B. Mitchell's 9th division, Phil. H. 
Sheridan's 11th division, and Albin 
Schoepff's 1st division, except Gooding's 
brigade above, sent to McCook) about 
11,000 men, making 25,000 in all. Op- 
posed to these were some 15,000 of Gen. 
Bragg's braveSft and most tried soldiers — 
the three divisions of Major Generals Wm. 
S. Cheatham, Simon B. Buckner, and 
Richard H. Anderson, all under the imme- 
diate command of Maj. Gen. Leonidac Polk, 
and two divisions forming the left wing 
under Maj. Gen. Wm. J. Hardee. Both 
armies had been preparing for battle since 
early morn, skirmishing while getting 
into position. At 12:30 p. M., finding the 
Federals still delaying, and knowing that 
he.avy reinforcements [Maj. Gen. Thos. L. 
Crittenden's corps] were only a few hours 
away, and almost within supporting dis- 
tance — while nearly half their own army 
[Maj. Gens. E. Kirby Smith's forces and 
Withers' division] had been sent off near 
Frankfort where a battle was anticipated, 
and could not come up under 40 hours — 
the Confederates began a vigorous attack, 
and soon brought on a general engage- 
ment; which Gen. Bragg's official report 
pronounces "for the time engaged the 
severest and most desperately contested 
within his knowledge," and adds: "It 
was continued furiously from noon till 
dark, our troops never faltering and never 
failing in their efforts. Fearfully outnum- 
bered, our troops did not hesitate to engage 
at any odds ; and though checked at times, 
they eventually carried every position, and 
drove the enemy about two miles. But 
for the intervention of night we should 
have completed the work. By the most 
daring charges, we captured 16 pieces 
of artillery, and 400 prisoners, includ- 
ing three staff officers, with servants, 
carriage and baggage of Maj. Gen. Mo- 



114 



ANXALS OF KENTL'CKY. 



1862. 



Cook ; killed one brig&dier general [Jas. S. 
Jackson] and mortally wounded another 
[Wm. R. Terrell], and a very large num- 
ber of inferior officers and men. The 
ground was literally covered with the 
enemy's dead and wounded. In such a 
contest our own loss was necessarily se- 
vere, probably not less than 2,500 in killed, 
wounded and missing,"— including in the 
wounded, Brig. Gens. Wood, Pat. Cle- 
burne, and Brown. 

The official reports of Alaj. Gen. Don 
Carlos Buell, commanding the entire Fed- 
eral army, say this battle "will stand con- 
spicuous for its severity in the history of 
the rebellion. It deserves to be com- 
memorated for the determined valor dis- 
played by the portion of our army that 
was engaged The enemy was every- 
where repulsed, but not without some mo- 
mentary advantage on our left." Gen. 
McCook's report says ** the right of Rous- 
seau's line was compelled to fall back 

A fierce onset being made on Terrell's 
brigade, and Gen. Jackson being killed at 
the first fire, this brigade in a few mo- 
ment's gave way in confusion." But 
these reverses were temporary, and with 
the reinforcement of Col. Gooding's brig- 
,*ide the Confederates were held in check. 
The firing, artillery and musketry, and 
fighting, continued desperately until dark. 
The pickets of the two armies were posted 
only 50 yards apart. Believing that the 
enemy would renew the attn^ at daylight, 
Gen. Buell availed of the rem.arkably bril- 
liant moonlight to bring up and place in 
position the corps of Gen. Crittenden. 
Unwilling to continue a hitherto doubtful 
contest against such fresh and fearful 
odds, Gen. Bragg, leaving his dead upon 
the field, " withdrew his force early next 
morning to Harrodsburg, Mercer co., and 
thence, on the 11th, to Bryantsville, in 
Garrard co." The Federals "followed 
slowly, but did not press him." 

The Federal loss in Gilbert's corps he 
states at 165 killed, 605 wounded, and 85 
prisoners and missing ; in the 3d corps, 
which sustained the heaviest loss, Rous- 
seau reports 466 killed, 1,463 wounded, 
and 161 missing: in Jackson's division, 
not definitely reported, but about 300 
killed, 950 wounded, and 150 missing ; 
total, 931 killed, 3,018 wounded, and 397 
missing and prisoners — a grand total loss 
of 4,346. 

The Confederate loss can never be 
known, but probably exceeded the estimate 
of Gen. Bragg above. In a detailed ac- 
count of the movements of a battalion of 
Col. Richard T. Jacob's 9th Ky. Federal 
cavalry, a member of it says : " On Oct. 
11, "we reached Perryville, and marched 
over the battlefield. It was a sickening 
sight. Our dead were all buried ; but the 
blackened corpses of rebel dead, mangled 
in every w.ay possible, were still scattered 
over the field. It would be impossible for 
me to sny how many were killed, but the 
number was enormous in proportion to 
the number engaged. I saw them lying 



in pens, from 8 to 19 in each. "We 
camped in a wood, about one mile from 
Perryville, on the Mackville road, some 
time after dark, and discovered a dead 
body, a rebel, right in our midst ; but as 
we had no spades, nor any thing else to 
dig a hole with, we were compelled to 
leave him unburied. I have no doubt 
that many are still unburied, and some 
have been eaten up by hogs, leaving 
nothing but the whitened bones to show 
that a fellow-creature lost his life in a war 
created by ambitious politicians to length- 
en out their time of holding the public 
purse-strings." 

Oct. 9 — James E. Clay issues an ad- 
dress, at Lexington, calling for men to 
enlist in regiments to be raised by him. 
He appeals to the people to rally under 
him, as the South will speedily put in 
force the conscript law throughout the 
state. He said ; *' My headquarters for 
the present is in Lexington ; hereafter at 
Camp Breckinridge, formerly Dick Robin- 
son." 

Oct. 10 — Cavalry skirmish near Har- 
dinsville, Shelby co., between a company 
of 9th Ky. and Scott's Confederates ; latter 
successful. 

Oct. 10— Confederate forces refuse to 
occupy or use, for hospitals or otherwise, 
the dwellings at Danville of Gen. Jerry T. 
Boyle and Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckin- 
ridge — in striking contrast with the Fed- 
eral occupation, for hospital purposes, of 
Provisional Governor Richard Hawes' res- 
idence at Paris. 

Oct. 10— Lieut. Col. John Boyle and 
the 9th Ky. cavalry dash into Harrods- 
burg, surprising and taking prisoners 
1,600 Confederate soldiers, many of whom 
were sick and the wounded from the Per- 
ryville battle, and the remainder the rear 
guard of Gen. Bragg's army. 

Oct. 13— Skirmishing at Lancaster until 
dark, between Gen. Wheeler's Confederate 
cavalry and the advance of a division 
of Gen. Buell's army ; the former hold the 
town all night, retiring slowly in the 
morning. 

Oct. 14— Maj. Jas. Sudduth killed, in 
James Warren's house, in Bath county, 
while defending himself from capture by 
a band of " rebels." under Geo. Ewing. 

Oct. 14— Lieut. Col. Hyatt's 101st Ohio 
capture, in Ballard co., among other pris- 
oners, Oscar Turner, who was released by 
Gen. Strong, on taking the oath and giv- 
ing bond in S75,000. 

Oct. 15 — Finding Bnell's army pressing 
on so fast as to threaten the capture of a 
part of their provision train, the Confed- 
erates obstruct the pursuit by felling trees 
across the narrow roads through the 
mountainous country beyond London, 
Laurel co. 

Oct. 15— Col. Wm. Henry Wadsworth's 
troops capture, near Mount Sterling, about 
50 of Gen. Humphrey Marshall's Confed- 

Oct. IS— Col. John H. Morgan's Confed- 
erate cavalry makes another visit to Lex* 



1862. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



115 



ington, and attacks a Federal cavalry 
force there, killing 5 or 6, and taking 
prisoners and paroling about 350. 

Oct. 18— The Albany (New York, Even- 
ing Journal, an able and leading Repub- 
lican paper, says : " Gentlemen endowed 
with more backbone than discretion con- 
tinue to speak contemptuously of the 
loyalty of Kentucky. But they will do 
well to remember how much the success 
of our army in the West has been owing 
to the attitude of that state. They will 
do well to remember that had she gone 
over into the ranks of the rebel states, the 
seat of war would have been transferred 
from the Cumberland and the Tennessee to 
the Ohio; that instead of capturing Mem- 
phis and Nashville, we should be defend- 
ing Cincinnati and St. Louis ; that instead 
of penetrating with our armies into the 
heart of the insurgent country, we should 
have all we could do during the winter 
and spring to defend our own frontier. 
They will do well to remember that Ken- 
tucky, even neutral, would be worth 50,000 
tnen to ua ; that in her present loyal posi- 
tion she is potent almost to decide the for- 
tunes of the war. Let us generously give 
her credit not only for what she has done, 
but for what she has prevented. Let us 
admit that without her aid, to-day the 
southwest would be irretrievably lost to 
the Union." 

Oct. 20 — Morgan's Confederate cavalry 
capture and destroy, at Cox's creek bridge, 
6 miles from Bardstown, a train of 51 



Oct. 20— The Richmond ( Va.) and other 
Southern papers speak of Gen. Bragg's 
invasion of Ky. as "a brilliant blunder 
and a magnificent failure," and of his ret- 
rograde movement as " profoundly disap- 
pointing and mortifying Southern people, 
and dashing their fond hopes of liberating 
Ky. and Tennessee." He is the only 
prominent instance in either section or 
army, where presidential favoritism per- 
sistently maintained an officer in com- 
manding position who had repeatedly 
proved himself inadequate to the emer- 
gency. Even his distinguished competi- 
tor in the race of great armies from Ten- 
nessee through Ky. to the Ohio river and 
return, because of success below public 
expectation, was "relieved," Oct. 30, by 
Maj. Gen. Wm. S. Roseorans, of the com- 
mand of the army of the Ohio, its desig- 
nation being changed to that of the army 
of the Cumberland. A court martial was 
ordered at Cincinnati, to inquire into Gen. 
Buell's conduct: 1. In permitting the 
invasion of Ky. by Gen. Bragg; 2. His 
failure to relieve Munfordsville, and al- 
lowing its capture ; 3. His conduct during 
the battle of Perryville ; 4. His allowing 
Gen. Bragg to escape from Ky. without 
capture or loss by attacking him ; and 5. 
His operations in Tennessee and Ky. 

Oct. 22— 1st and 20th Ky. infantry fall 
upon the rear guard of Gen. Kirby Smith's 
Confederate forces, near Goose Creek salt 



works. Clay CO., kill several, and capture 
90 prisoners and 150 head of cattle. 

Oct. 23— Gen. Buell issues an order, and 
charges Gen. Boyle with its execution, that 
all persons who have actively abetted the 
invasion of Ky., within the last three 
months, will be immediately arrested, sent 
to Vicksburg, and forbidden to return. 

Oct. 24— Great drouth in northern and 
middle Ky.; but little rain since Aug. 15. 
Immense suffering for want of water by 
soldiers, citizens and stock, during first 
two weeks of Oct. 

Oct. 24— At Morgantown, Butler co., a 
detachment of Morgan's cavalry retreats 
before a Federal force, losing 16 pris- 

Oct. 24— Gen. Boyle, by " order No. 18," 
I. Prohibits any person from purchasing 
and shipping goods and merchandise for 
retail trading, without first taking the oath 
of allegiance and getting a permit ; 2. Pro- 
hibits every person who gave aid or comfort 
to the late invaders from purchasing or 
shipping for trade ; if they obtain permits, 
the permits will not be respected, and all 
goods shipped under them will be seized 
and confiscated ; 3. Public carriers must 
not undertake to transport goods without 
permits; 4. "All Federal officers and 
true loyal citizens will seize any contra- 
band goods shipped by any route into the 
States, and report same to his headquar- 
ters." 

Oct. 24, 25— The Lexington Observer, 
Paris Citizen, Frankfort Commonwealth, and 
other newspapers in the interior towns re- 
sume publication, after seven weeks' sus- 
pension — caused by the flight, immediately 
after the battle of Richmond, of their 
hands and of some of the editors, by the 
suspension of the mails, and by the occu- 
pation of the state by the Confederate 

Oct. 25— Federal military authorities 
levy contributions to the amount of $35,000 
on the Southern sympathizers in, and 
within 10 miles of, Caseyville, Union Co.— 
under the plea of reimbursing Union men 
for the depredations of guerrillas. 

Oct. 25— Heavy snow, from 4 to 12 
inches deep, all over the state, heaviest in 
the mountain region of south-eastern 
Ky. — making a rigorous winter campaign 
for the poorly clad and poorly shod troops 
of Gen. Bragg, on their retreat. Their 
sufi'erings represented as terrible ; much 
sickness and many lives lost, through fa- 
tigue and exposure to the inclement 
weather. 

Oct. 25, 26— Skirmishes near Paint Lick, 
Garrard Co., and Big Hill, Madison co., 
between Col. Ed. McCook's Federal and 
Col. John H. Morgan's and Col. Scott's 
Confederate cavalry. The former capture 
the telegraph operators of Gen. Kirby 
Smith's army, with their apparatus. 

Oct. 26 — The large and unoccupied resi- 
dence of Provisional Governor Richard 
Hawes, at Paris, seized by the Federal 
authorities and converted into a hos- 
pital. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Oct. 27— Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, of Indi- 
ana, indicted in Louisville for manslaugh- 
ter in the killing of Gen. Nelson. 

Oct. 28-31— Col. R. M. Gano's regiment 
of Morgan's Confederate cav.alry destroys 
long sections of the Louisville and Nash- 
ville railroad, and of the Memphis branch, 
ork and bridges, south 



Richmond, Va., 

$2 premf 
" " " ity, 



New York , 



and burns 

and southwest of Bowli 
Oct. 31— Gold selling 
for $2 50 and silver fc 
Confederate notes : and 
gold selling for 26@27 cents premii 
U. S. treasury notes or *' greenbacks." 

Nov. 4 — In the Virletle, a newspaper at 
Springfield, Tenn., improvised by Col. 
John H. Morgan's Confederate cavalry, 
are published many letters denunciatory 
of Gen. Buell, selected from a mail cap- 
tured in their route out of Ky. — They were 
"glad to help, by these means, to push 
out of their way the man whom they 
thought the ablest general in the Federal 
service." 

Nov. 5 — Maj. Holloway, and the 8th 
Ky. cavalry, surprise and defeat, at Pond 
river, 7 Miles from Madisonville, Hopkins 
CO., Col. A. Fowler's guerrillas, killing 
Fowler and 3 others, and capturing 16. 

Nov. 6— Death, at Danville, of Col. 
Curr.an Pope, of the 15th Ky. infantry, 
from typhoid fever, superinduced by his 
wound'at Perryville. 

Nov. 5— Gen. Boyle orders all Confed- 
erate prisoners now in hospital at Har- 
rodsburg and other places in Ky., who 
are able to march or ride, to report at once 
at Louisville, for removal to Vicksburg, 
Mississippi. 

Nov. 6 — Provost marshal general Dent 
paroles 200 Southern sympathizers, under 
arrest, on condition that they will go and 
remain North of the Ohio river. 

Nov. 6 — 9 Confederate soldiers captured 
and hung, near Hackney's corners, 2J^ 
miles from Big Rockcastle river in Rock- 
castle CO. — said to be in retaliation for the 
hanging, near Cumberland Ford, in Josh 
Bell CO., by some pickets of Gen. Kirby 
Smith's army, of Capt. H. King, his two 
sons, R. M. Singleton, and 12 others, 
mostly volunteers for the defense of Crab 
Orchard, but who were charged with being 
bushwhackers. Fearful inauguration of 
the most horrible feature of civil war 1 

Nov. 6— Judge L. Watson Andrews, of 
the Mason circuit court, at Maysville, de- 
cides the Federal confiscation act uncon- 
stitutional. 

Nov. 7— Col. John Dills, Jr., with his 
39th Ky. mountaineers, routs a company 
of Confederate soldiers, capturing 75, and 
150 guns, wagons and horses. 

Nov. 7— Maj. Wm. R. Kinney, and 60 
of the 12th Ky. cavalry, surprise a rebel 
camp of 40 men near Calhoon, McLean 
CO., kill 1, wound and capture 1, and dis- 
perse the rest, who abandon 25 horses and 



dered Maj. Gen. MeCook his resignation 

on account of President Lincoln's eman- 
cipation proclamation — was ordered under 
arrest by McCook and sent in irons to the 
military prison. Two weeks after, Gen. 
Boyle released him, because no charges 
had been preferred, and ordered him to 
his regiment. He again resigned, upon 
the same grounds ; and was again placed 
under arrest, then dismissed in disgrace 
from the service and his insignia of office 
stripped from him in the presence of the 
whole regiment. 

Nov. 8 — The distinguished young tra- 
gedian, J. Wilkes Booth, playing to 
crowded houses, for 12 nights past, at the 
Louisville theater. He becomes still more 
celebrated by the prominent part he takes, 
at Ford's theater, in Washington city, on 
Friday evening, April 14, 1865 — in the 
real tragedy of the assassination of Presi- 
dent Lincoln. 

Nov. 9 — Brig. Gen. Ransom's expedi- 
tion, near G.arrettsburg, Christian co., de- 
feats Col. Woodward's Confederate force, 
800 strong, killing 16, wounding 40, and 
taking 25 prisoners ; Federal loss 3 killed, 
17 wounded. 

Nov. 11— Col. Foster's command sur- 
prises a band of guerrillas, near Madi- 
sonville, Hopkins co., and captures sev- 



V. 14 — 10 gunboats 
13,000 troops, rend( 
us, Hickman co., fi 
ist Vicksburg 



t guns, 
endezvousing at Co- 
)., for an expedition 
d the opening of the 



Nov. 1 



iippi 



-Three 



array arrested ii 

and two handed i 
Nov. 15— At a 



other valuables to thi 
Nov. —Lieut. Job 
Federal infantry, and bn 
federate Col. Adam R. Job 



ptors. 

f the 17th Ky. 
;r of the Con- 



Df the Federal 
1 Cincinnati for stealing 
le honorably discharged, 
>ver for further trial. 
-At a special term of the Fay- 
ette circuit court, the grand jury brought 
in 215 indictments, 208 of which were for 
treason. In Bourbon circuit court, the 
grand jury, on 29th, brought in 215 indict- 
ments, of which 195 for treason. 

Nov. 22— At Washington city. President 
Lincoln discusses, with Kentuekians, the 
question of emancipation — saying he would 
rather die than take back a word of the 
proclamation of freedom, and dwelling 
upon the advantages to the border states 
of his scheme for the gradual abolish- 
ment of slavery, which he urged them to 
bring favorably before the people. 

Nov. 25 — Louisville Courier printing 
establishment sold at auction, in the ab- 
sence of the proprietor in tl " 
chased by the Louisville Democrat 
pany for $6,150. 

Nov. 25 — A few Kentuekians, "political 
prisoners," released from Camp Chase, 
Columbus, Ohio, after 3 to 6 months' im- 






27— Ge 



orde 



of Frankfort Yeo- 



1862. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Dec. 2— C.apt. Martin Thornberry, with 
200 of tho 39th Ky. Federal infantry, de- 
feated near Wiseman's shoals, in Floyd 
CO., by a large rebel force under Col. Geo. 
Floyd ; loss 2 killed, (one of them Adju- 
tant Levi J. Hampton,) 15 missing, and 7 
boatloads of arms, munitions and provi- 
sions, including 700 muskets and 40 rounds 
of cartridges. 

Dec. 3— Gen. Humphrey Marshall's law 
library, which had been "captured" at 
CarroHton and sent to Cincinnati, decreed 
by Judge Leavitt in the U. S. district 
court to be confiscated and sold — because 
he was then actually making war against 
the government. 

Dec. 8— U. S. congressman Chas. A. 
WicklifTe, of Ky., in a card requests his 
constituents or other Kentuckians who 
have had slaves taken from them by the 
U. S. army, to send him a sworn state- 
ment of the facts. His object is to have 
some law passed by which such slaves 
thus wrongfully taken may be peaceably 
recovered or accounted for. 

Dec. 9— Death of e.\-Gov. \Tm. Owsley, 
near Danville, aged 80. 

Dee. 9— Col. John H. McHenry, of the 
17th Ky. infantry, dismissed from U. S. 
service, " for issuing an order returning 
slaves to their masters from his camp, in 
violation o^ additional article of war." 

Dec. 10— Fayette circuit court issues a 
writ for the restoration to their *' Union " 
owners, of slaves now detained or har- 
bored by several regiments of soldiers near 
Lexington. The sheriff is prevented by 
armed force from executing the writ. 
13 — A public meeting in Lexington ap- 
points a committee to enquire of Gen. 
Gordon Granger, commanding army of 
Ky., whether the forcible detention of the 
slaves and resistance were authorized, or 
will be sanctioned or permitted hereafter, 
etc. Gen. Granger's answer was satis- 
factory and encouraging, but that of Maj. 
Gen. H. G. Wright, commanding depart- 
ment of the Ohio, was frank, but not sat- 
isfactory ; really increasing instead of al- 
laying the public anxiety as to how far 
the military would be subordinate to the 
civil authority, and how far the escape of 
slaves would he encouraged. 

Dec. 12 — Louisville Journal and Louis- 
ville Democrat subscription-price increased 
$2 for the daily, and 50 cents for the 
weekly — because of the enhanced cost of 
the white paper on which they are printed. 
Other papers follow suit. 

Dec. 13— Acting-Gov. James F. Robin- 
son and Adj. Gen. John W. Finnell leave 
Frankfort for Washington city, to confer 
with President Lincoln upon the present 
position of affairs in Ky. 

Dec. 15— Garret Davis, of Ky., in the 
U. S. senate, offers a resolution that, 
" Whereas, after it had become manifest 
that an insurrection against the United 
States was about to break out in several 
states, James Buchanan, then President — 
from sympathy with the conspirators and 
their treasonable projects — failed to take 



therefore, he should 
and condemnation of the senate and the 
American people." Laid upon the table, 
next day, by a vote of 39 to 3. 

Dec. 16— At Nashville, Tenn., Gen. 
Bragg issues an order to conscript every 
exiled Kentuckian and Tennesseean — 
whereupon Generals John C. Breckinridge, 
Simon B. Buekner, and Roger W. Hanson 
threatened resignation if this were done. 

Dec. 16— A detachment of the 39th Ky. 
Federal infantry defeated and captured, 
at Peters' creek. Pike co. 

Dec. 20.— $1,000,000 U. S. postal cur- 
rency, in pieces of 5 cents, 10 cents, 25 
cents, and 50 cents, forwarded to the West 
from AVashington city. 

Dec. 24— Skirmish at Glasgow, Barren 
CO., between detachments of 9th Ky. and 
3d Ky. Confederate cavalry (Morgan's) 
and 2d Michigan cavalry. 

Dec. 26— Skirmish at Bear Wallow, Hart 
CO., near Cave city ; Federals have the ad- 
vantage, over Morgan's cavalry. [An- 
other account says it was near Hardyvillo, 
Hart CO.] 

Dec. 26 — Stubborn defence of Bacon 
creek bridge. Hart co.; 100 Federals cap- 
tured, and bridge burned, by Morgan's 

Dec. 27 — Desperate engagement at Eliz- 
abethtown, between 600 Federals tinder 
Lieut. Col. Smith and Morgan's Confed- 
erate cavalry j former captured. 

Dec. 28— Two great trestle works at 
Muldrow's Hill, Hardin co.— each 80 or 90 
feet high and some 500 feet long— des- 
troyed and burned by Morgan's cavalry, 
after capturing the two garrisons defending 
them, of 600 and 200 men. 

Dec. 29— A large Federal force under 
Col. John M. Harlan, 10th Ky. infantry, 
overtakes Morgan's cavalry at RoUingFork 
river, and repulses them ; loss slight. 

Dec. 30 — A detachment of Morgan's 
cavalry makes a dash upon a small Federal 
force at New Haven, Nelson co., but is 
repulsed. 

Dec. 30— Remarkable all-night march 
of Morgan's Confederate cavalry, through 
great trials and hardships — " night in- 
tensely dark, weather bitterly cold, guides 
inefficient, and the column floundering 
along blindly "—from Springfield, Wash- 
ington CO., near to and around Lebanon ; 
to avoid attack from a large Federal force 
concentrated at Lebanon, and another mov- 
ing to intercept them from Glasgow to Co- 
lumbia. At Lebanon, the troops drawn up, 
confidently expecting attack from another 
direction — where Morgan had kept up 
fires, all night, as if in camp. By night- 
fall of the 31st, his rangers had passed 
over Muldrow's Hill, and were in Camp- 
bellsville, Tiiylor co. 

Dec. 31— Near Newmarket, Marion co.— 
(Gen. Basil W. Duke, Hist, of Morgan's 
cavalry, p. 341, says after they had crossed 
the hill and were in Taylor co.)— a des- 
perate hand-to-hand fight occurred be- 
tween Capt. Alex.Trbible and Lieut. Geo. 



118 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1863. 



Eastin.on Morgan's side, and Col. Dennis 
J. Halisey, fith Ky. cavalry, and one of his 
lieutenants, on the other— in which Hali- 
sey was killed and his lieutenant made 
prisoner. 

Dec. 31— Skirmish near Newmarket, 
Marion cc; Col. Hoskins' 12th Ky. in- 
fantry and Col. Halisey's 6th Ky. Federal 
cavalry attack and drive Morgan's re- 
treating forces, capturing some men and 
military supplies. 

Dec. 31— Great 4-days battle at Stone 
river, within two miles of Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., between 45,000 Federal troops 
under Gen. Wm. S. Rosecrans, and 30,000 
Confederates under Gen. Braxton Bragg. 
The Confederate success on Wednesday, 
the first day's fight, was remarkable — the 
line of the Federal right having been 
driven back from two to three miles, 31 
pieces of artillery lost, and the dead and 
wounded, with nearly 4,000 prisoners, in 
the enemy's hands. Friday, Jan. 2d, 
witnessed one of the bravest and most de- 
termined chai-ges ever made, by Maj. Gen. 
John C. Breckinridge's division, in which 
all the Kentuckians in the Confederate 
army were involved ; but they were met, 
mowed down and torn to pieces by such a 
terrific cross-fire of artillery, masked and 
massed for the purpose, as has no parallel 
in the history of wars. Nothing but the 
singular coolness and tenacity of Rose- 
crans prevented a decisive defeat on the 
first day ; indeed, that would not have 
saved him, in the end, but for the brilliant 
massing of his artillery on Friday. Dur- 
ing Saturday night, because the Federals 
had been reinforced, Bragg quietly with- 
drew his forces, taking with him his pris- 
oners, captured guns, and stores. 

The total Federal loss was 8,4S5 killed 
and wounded, (about 1,580 of the former, 
and 6,905 of the latter), and 3,600 missing. 
Of these the Ky. regiments lost: 1st 91, 
2d 79, 3d 103, 5th 126, 6th 109, 8th 81, 
9th 92, 11th 88, 15th 60, 23d 82— total 911. 

The Confederate loss is not known, but 
was very heavy. In Breckinridge's divi- 
sion, it was 2,140, of which about 1,700 
occurred on Friday. In the brigade of 
Gen. Roger W. Hanson (who was killed) 
the loss of the Ky. regiments in killed, 
wounded and missing was : Lieut. Col. 
Jas. W. Hewitt's 2d 108, Col. Robert P. 
Trabue's 4th 70, Col. Jos. H. Lewis' 6th 
76, Col. Thos. H. Hunt's 9th 29, Capt. 
Robert Cobb's Battery 6— total 289. 

1863, Jan. 1— All day, as Morgan's cav- 
alry are marching from Campbellsville 
southward to Columbia, in Adair oo., they 
distinctly hear the roaring of heavy can- 
nonading — which proved to be at Murfrees- 
boro, Tenn., (115 miles distant, in an air 
line,) where the great conflict between the 
armies of Rosecrans and Bragg was raging. 

Jan. 1 — President Lincoln issues his 
Emancipation Proclamation — which he 
had threatened to issue, or had issued in 
a qualified form, on Sept. 22, 1862. " As 
a fit and necessary war measure for sup- 
pressing the rebellion he orders and 



declares that all persons held as slaves 
within the designated states [now in re- 
bellion] are and henceforward shall be 
free." The military and naval authori- 
ties will recognize and maintain their 
freedom ; and the freedmen will be enlisted 
to garrison forts, etc. 

Jan. 1 — At Owensboro, negro farm 
hands hire for $200 to $250 per annum, 
and cooks for $25 to $125 j prices were 
never higher. 

Jan. 2 — Morgan's cavalry (nearly all 
Kentuckians) cross the Cumberland river 
at Burksville. The danger of further pur- 
suit being over, they move leisurely to 
SmithviUe, Tenn., and halt to rest and 
recuperate. The published results of the 
expedition, besides the destruction of the 
several lines of the Louisville and Nash- 
ville railroad, were the capture of 1,877 
prisoners, and a large amount of military 
stores, arms, and other government prop- 
erty — having lost only 2 killed, 24 
wounded, and 64 missing. On May 17, 
1863, the Confeder.ate congress by resolu- 
tion tendered thanks to " Gen. John H. 
Morgan and his ofBcers and men, for their 
varied, heroic and invaluable services in 
Tennessee and Kentucky on this expedi- 
dition — services which have conferred upon 
them fame as enduring as the records of 
the struggle which they have so brilliantly 
illustrated." 

Jan. 8 — Legislature meets in adjourned 

Jan. 12 — Legislature authorizes the ele- 
vation, at the center, of the Covington 
and Cineinati bridge to be made 100 feet 
above low water mark, instead of 122 feet. 
20 — By resolution, requests congress 



pass 



citizens now "confined in some military 
prisons of the so-called Confederate 
States" [AVm. Thompson of Metcalfe co., 
Jonathan Williams of Russell co., Nathan 
Buchanan of Pulaski co., and John S. 
Stockton, Noah Cresselius, and Jeff. Dicken 
of Clinton co.] and all others in their 
condition — either as prisoners of war, or 
for citizens held in military prisons by the 
Federal government Accepts the do- 
nation of lands from the U. S. congress to 
Ky., for the endowment of an agricultu- 
ral college. 

Jan. 14 — Very heavy rains all day in 
northern Ky., followed by sleet and snow. 

Jan. 15, 16— One of the heaviest falls 
of snow ever known in Ky.; 10 inches 
deep at Paris and Lexington, 18 inches at 
Maysville, at some points nearly 2 feet; 
railroad trains " snowed up" for two days. 
15 — Railroad bridge over the Ky. river at 
Frankfort swept away by the flood. 

Jan. 20— Col. John C. Cochran, of the 
14th Ky., and other ofiieers resign, because 
of the president's emancipation procla- 
mation. 

Feb. 2— A letter from Col. Laban J. 
Bradford, of Augusta, shows that Ky. is 
the largest tobacco-growing state. She 
produced in IBBO, 97,906,903 and in 1850, 
55,501,190 pounds— an increase of 42,405,- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



119 



707 pounds in ten yeavs. The Louisville 
%Yarehouses in 1So7 sold a little over 8,000 
hogsleads, and in 1861 about 29,500— one 
house alone selling more than the entire 
sales of Liverpool, England. 

Feb. 4 — Legislature instructs our sen- 
ators and requests our representatives in 
congress to try and secure the speedy pay- 
ment of all just claims of our citizens 
against the National government; and to 

the damages sustained by the seizure and 
appropriation of private property to public 
use, with enlarged discretion as to in- 
formal vouchers 6 — Appropriates 

$50,000, out of which to pay to 9-moiiths' 
volunteers one month's pay in advance 
26— Lays off the state into 9 con- 
gressional districts 28— Majjes it the 

duty of county court clerks, in certifying 
instruments for record, to certify that they 
are duly stamped, or not, as required by 
act of congress. 

Feb. 6 — Heavy siege guns being mount- 
ed on the fortifications in the rear of Cov- 
ington and Newport. 

Feb. 8 — Richard Springer, a Revolu- 
tionary soldier 104 years old, still living 
in Louisville; he fought at Brandywine 
and at Germantown, being wounded at 
the latter place ; he has never received a 
pension, or any provision from the govern- 
ment — probably from the difiiculty of 
proving his service. 

Feb. 11 — Ky. bank notes at 5 per cent 
in Cincinnati, and gold in New York at 
bi% per cent premium ; cotton 92 cents 
per pound. 

Feb. 12 — Two companies of Morgan's 
Confederate cavalry attack and defeat 
Federal soldiers at Burksville, Cumber- 
land CO., killing or wounding 7 ; and 
" break up in tremendous disorder" a pub- 
lic meeting where Col. Wolford was ap- 
pointed to speak. 

Feb. 13— Ky. University authorized to 
loan its funds at not exceeding ten per 
cent conventional interest. 

Feb. 17 — In the house of representatives, 
Dr. A. B. Chambers moved that the house 
adjourn over till Feb. 19th, and the use 
of the hall be tendered to the [Democratic 
state] convention to assemble in Frankfort 
to-morrow. For the first time in the his- 
tory of the state, the courtesy of the use 
of the hall by a state convention of a 
great party was refused ; yeas 36, nays 40. 

Feb. 18 — Ky. bank notes at Louisville 
10, and gold 61, per cent premium. 

Feb. 18— Death of James Harlan, U. S. 
district attorney for Ky., at Frankfort, 
aged 63. 

Feb. 18— Co!. Roy S. Cluke's regiment 
of Morgan's Confederate cavalry, 750 
strong, cross Cumberland river in flatboats, 
on a raid into Ky.; the cold so bitter that 
8 horses chilled to death immediately after 
swimming the river. 

Feb. 18— Senate refuses to further con- 
sider a petition from J. A. Bell, of Scott 
CO., 'Spraying permission for certain free 



negroes of Brown county, Ohio, to return 
to slavery." 

Feb. 18—200 delegates, from 40 counties, 
to the Democratic state convention — called 
to nominate candidates for governor, lieu- 
tenant governor, and other state officers, 
to be voted for at the August election — 
having been denied the use of the hall of 
the house of representatives, meet at Met- 
ropolitan Hall, in Frankfort, at U a. m., 
are called to order by Capt. John W. 
Leathers, of Kenton co., and organize 
with ex-U. S. senator David Meriwether, 
of Jefferson eo., in the chair and two sec- 
retaries. When called to order, and be- 
fore organizing. Col. E. A. Gilbert, of the 
44th Ohio Federal infantry, commander of 
the forces here — and who had fortified 
himself for a bold move by ordering his 
soldiers, with guns and fi,\ed bayonets to 
be drawn up in front of the Hall — read 
his " general order No. 3;" ** that all per- 
sons now here who are not residents, and 
who are not members of the Ky. legisla- 
ture, or ofiicers of the state government, 
shall forthwith report their names to these 
headquarters, accompanied with a satisfac- 
tory reference as to their loyalty to the 
government of the U. S." Asa P. Grover 
of Owen CO., and Wm. B. Read of Larue 
CO., senators, and W. P. D. Bush of Han- 
cock co., Wm. Johnson of Scott co., and 
Dr. A. B. Chambers of Gallatin co., rep- 
resentatives, who were present as mem- 
bers of the convention, vouched for the 
delegates — as their namc« were called out 
and taken down by Col. Gilbert's adjutant. 

Col. Gilbert notified the convention that 
its further business was ^' arrested;" that 
those present would not be permitted to 
hold a convention within the department 
under his command; that if nominations 
were made, the candidates would be ar- 
rested ; and if elected, they would not be 
permitted to hold ofiice. He should pre- 
serve the list of delegates, it might be of 
great importance ; he required all present 
to return peaceably and quietly to their 
homes, and to refrain from all "seditious 
and noisy conversation." He said he 
might have acted differently, had not the 
** Conservative Democratic legislature" re- 
fused the use of its hall ; and the conserv- 
ative Democratic newspapers repudiated 
them .IS Democrats, while they, as well as 
common rumor, characterized them as 
rebel sympathizers. 

Dr. Chambers presented to Col. Gilbert 
a series of 6 resolutions, adoi)ted at a pre- 
liminary meeting, as embodying the views 
of this meeting. But Col. Gilbert refused 
to let them be read, and said positively 
the convention must not be holden. The 
delegates then quietly adjourned sine die, 
under the persuasive arguments or threats 
of military despotism. 

Next day, Feb. 19, in the house of rep- 
resentatives, Dr. A. B. Chambers moved 
to dispense with the rules of the house, to 
enable him to present a petition from Gov. 
Meriwether, G. W. Williams of Hancock 
CO., and Dr. Joa. R. Buchanan of Louis- 



120 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



ville, fully setting forth the facts above, 
with the resolutions; and praying the adop- 
tion of such legislation as will best con- 
serve the constitutional right of citizens 
peacefully to assemble together, the right 
of suffrage, and the right of free speech, 
and protect the citizens from military vio- 
lence. The motion was rejected and a 
hearing refused, by a tie vote, 40 yeas to 
40 nays. 

The senate, March 2, by yeas 14, nays 
12, on motion of C. T. Worlhington, " Re- 
solved, That the course taken by Col. Gil- 
bert in suppressing the late convention 
assembled here on Feb. 18th, is condemned 
by the senate as uncalled for by the exi- 
gencies of the time, and not needed or 
desired by the Union Democracy of Ky., 
who are self-reliant, and able to control 
all such assemblages. Such interference 
on the part of the military is dangerous 
in its tendencies, and should not pass unre- 
buked." At night, in the absence of sev- 
eral senators who had voted for it, the 
resolution was reconsidered, and referred 
to the committee on federal relations. 

Feb. 20— Cluke's cavalry capture Fed- 
eral troops at Mt. Vernon, Rockcastle co. 
Feb. 20— Skirmish 10 miles south of 
Richmond ; Lieut. Cunningham, of Cluke's 
cavalry, and 17 scouts, defeat and capture 
24 Federals. 

Feb. 21— Capt. Thos. H. Hines, com- 
manding Morgan's scouts, detailed with 
Lieut. J. M. Porter and 13 men for the 
purpose, burns the depot and three cars, 
stored with Federal property, at South 
Union, Logan co.,on the Memphis branch 
railroad. 25 — Captures steamer Hattie 
Gilmore, on Barren river, heavily lade 
with Federal military stores, which h 
destroys, paroling the boat. 26 — Destroys 
a locomotive, and 21 cars filled with U. S. 
property, at Woodburn, Warren co., on 
the Louisville and Nashville railroad. 
Total value of U. S. government property 
destroyed $500,000. 

Feb. 21— Maj. Theophilus Steele, with 
3 companies of Cluke's regiment of Mor- 
gan's cavalry, pursues a retreating Federal 
force of 250 from Richmond to Lexington, 
skirmishing briskly at Combs' ferry. 

ius M. Clay, in 



Feb. 24 
a letter to the New YorK limes, says " He 
has done what he could, and shall do what 
he can, to induce the President to put 
Gen. Benj. F. Butler in place of" Gen. H. 
W. Halleck, as general-in-chief — because 

(Clay) "had told President Lincoln that 
he could not and would not enter the field, 
unless the policy of liberating the slaves 
of rebels was adopted. Nothing short of 
that can give the vigor and efi'ect to our 
arms which the crisis and the public sen- 
timent demands." 

Feb. 24— The house of representatives 
adopts the report of the select committee 
exonerating Gen. Lucius Desha, the 
member from Harrison county, from the 
charge of "having given aid and assist- 
ance to the rebel, John Morgan, and his 



guerrilla band, in the engagement at Cyn- 
thiana, July 17, 1862, and of otherwise 
having aided and abetted the present re- 
bellion." 

Feb. 25 — A Federal brigade dashes into 
Mountsterling, Montgomery co., driving 
out a portion of Col. Cluke's cavalry. 
Two days after, Cluke, having by a shrewd 
ruse caused the large Federal force to be 
sent oflf to Paris, re-enters the town, cap- 
turing the garrison and stores. 

Feb. 25 — Library committee in the Ky 
house of representatives report that "out 
of 12,000 or 14,000 volumes in the state 
library, probably there cannot be found 
more than 100 on the subjects of history, 
biography and general literature. Of the 
well known histories of Kentucky by 
Humphrey Marshall, in 1824, Mann But- 
ler in 1834, and Lewis Collins in 1847, 
there is not a copy in the library of the 
commonwealth which is the subject of 
those histories. Thus much may be said 
of the contributions to Western history 
by Gen. Robert B. McAfee in 1816 and 
Gov. James T. Morehead in 1840. Of 
the great statesman who has added so 
much to the historic fame of Kentucky, 
Henry Clay, not a single memoir or vol- 
ume of speeches is to be found in this 
Capitol. With the exception of the books 
published at the expense of the state, and 
a few guides to law officers, there is 
scarcely a copy of any work written or 
edited by a native Kentuckian. 

" Would it not have been eminently 
proper, in former legislatures which have 
ened in this capitol, and manifested 
time to time a becoming pride in the 
past history of Kentucky — by rearing 
military and civic monuments over the 
graves of her illustrious dead — to have 
expended annually a small sum in the 
purchase of printed memorials of her sons, 
r, many of vhich will be 






than any r 
think so, a 
as imperative 



beli^ 



such duty to 
was in former 

Feb. 26— Publication of the True Pres- 
hyterian at Louisville resumed, by Rev. 
Stuart Robinson, D. D., and Rev. Robert 
Morrison. It had been suspended, by 
military interference, since Sept. 18, 1862. 

March 2 — Interesting scene in the hall 
of the house of representatives, in joint 
session of the general assembly. Beauti- 
ful message from Gov. James F. Robin- 
son, presenting the battle-worn and storm- 
torn flags of the 6th, 8th, 9th, 15th, 17th, 
and 21st regiments of Ky. volunteer 
(Federal) infantry. Resolutions adopted, 

1. To deposit them in the state library; 

2. Of thanks to Edward C. Hockersmith 
and John T. Gunn, gallant extemporaneous 
color-bearers of the 21st Ky.; 3. Ordering 
printed for distribution 5,000 copies of the 

jessage and proceedings. 

March 2 — Legislature adopts a series of 

2 resolutions concerning national affairs, 

most of them by an almost unanimous vote, 

I The 4th " enters this general assembly's 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



solemn protest" against the emancipation 
proclamation, as unwise, unconstitutionil 
and void. The 6th "declines to accept 
the president's proposition for emancipa- 
tion, as contained in his proclamation of 
May 19, 1S62;" [Jas. Speed, senator, and 
Perry S. Layton, representative, alone 
voted against this.] The 10th favors a 
convention to propose amendments to the 



Ma 



-Lcgisli 



■e makes special 
provision for common school districts in- 
terrupted by the war Negroes claim- 
ing freedom under or by virtue of (he 
President's proclamation of Jan. 1, 1863, 
forbidden to migrate to or remain in this 

state Appropriates .$100 per annum 

for the purchase of literary and miscella- 
neous works for the state library 3 — 

Resolves, " That we have witnessed with 
pride the gallant conduct of Col. John H. 
McHenry, Jr., late commander of the 
17th Ky. volunteers ; and do heartily in- 
dorse and approve the order made by him 
in Oct. last— construing it, as we do, to 
mean that he would expel from his lines, 
and permit their owners to take in posses- 
sion, all runaway slaves found within his 
camp." [The house of representatives, 
Feb. 2, unauimoHsly passed a spirited re- 



port 1 



iirgumg 



hardshii 



nd injustice — of which they requested the 
governor to send a copy to the president — 
asking him to rescind the order dismiss- 
ing Col. McHenry j but the senate, after 
repeated sessions upon the matter, Feb. 25, 
passed the above very tame and impotent 
resolution, and the house concurred in it — 
permanent record evidence of a remarkable 
decay of the spirit of resistance to, and 
even of protest against, military aggres- 
sion and domination.] 

March 2 — Restrictions on trade between 
northern states and Ky. partially re- 
moved ; permits for shipments issued only 
to parties ** well indorsed as to their loy- 
alty." 

March 3 — Legislature authorizes the 
auditor to give to certain clerks or sheriffs, 
credit for, or to refund to certain other par- 
ties, the following sums of money which 
they were, by duress or forcibly, compelled 
to pay to " commissioners of the so-called 
Provisional Government of Ky.," or to 
Confederate officers : In the counties of 
Logan $6,600, Simpson $1,000, Marshall 
$46, Owen $600, Warren $1,941, Allen 
$785, Fulton $904, Caldwell $800— total 
$12,676. during this session. 

March 4 — Ky. bank notes at Louisville 
14 per cent premium. 

March 6— Four bales of cotton, part of 
several small lots raised in Simpson co., 
Ky., sold in Louisville at 80 cents per 
pound. 

March 10— TJ. S. senate refuses to con- 
6rm the nomination of Brig. Gen. Horatio 
G. Wright to a major-generalship, which 
position he has held by appointment and 
also military commander of the depart- 
ment embracing Ky. 

March 12— Judge Wm. C. Goodloe, in 



the Fayette circuit court at Lexington, 
decides the law of congress which makes 
U. S. treasury notes a legal tender con- 
stitutional. Appeal taken. 

March 15— Atlanta (Georgia) Co«fe_d- 
eracj/ says that in the Confederate service 
are 10 regiments of infantry, 10 regiments 
and several battalions of cavalry, and 5 
batteries of artillery, from Ky. 

March 18, 19 — Union Democratic state 
convention at Louisville; 94 out of 110 
counties represented. Hon. James A. 
Cravens, recently a Democratic member 
of congress from Indiana — although in- 
vited to speak by acclamation, introduced 
by ex-Gov. Chas. A. Wickliffe, and his 
loyalty vouched for by congressman Geo. 
H. Yeaman, and by Col. C. L. Dunham, 
of an Indiana regiment (" who had spent 
most of the last two years in Kentucky 
defending her soil ") — was cried down and 
insulted, by cries of "traitor," "butter- 
nut," " copperhead," *' put him out ;" be- 
cause, among other things, " he hoped 
they would inaugurate a policy which, 
while it would put down rebellion, would 
also preserve the constitution with all its 
guaranties; Abraham Lincoln could not 
have organized the army without the aid 
of the Democralio party ; the war could 
not have lasted twenty-four hours without 
their aid and assistance ; they were the 
only party that could save the country, 
and yet they were denounced and branded 
as traitors." After an hour's violent con- 
fusion, he was allowed to proceed for a few 
minutes, in peace. Joshua F.Bell was nom- 
inated for governor, receiving 627 votes, 
acting-Gov. James F. Robinson 171 ; Mor- 
timer M. Benton 79, CoU Thos. E. Erain- 
lette 77, Gen. Jerry T. Boyle 49, Brutus J. 
Clay 19. For lieutenant governor, Rich- 
ard T. Jacob was nominated on the second 
ballot, receiving 606 votes. Col. Geo. T. 
AVood450. [Many " Union-Democrats "— 
finding themselves deceived, by the course 
of men heretofore co-operating with them 
and loud in conservative professions, but 
now rushing headlong into most extreme 
measures — condemn the action of the con- 
vention, and manifest a growing disposi- 
tion to part company with the controlling 

March 21— Col. Cluke's Confederate cav- 
alry, about 300, after a desperate fight of 
four hours, and setting fire to several 
houses from which he had been fired upon, 
captures Mountsterling, with 428 prison- 
ers, 220 wagons laden with valuable mili- 
tary stores, 500 mules, and nearly 1,000 
stand of arms ; loss in killed and wounded. 
Confederates 11, Federals 3. 

March 24 — Gen. Pegram's Confederate 
cavalry occupy Danville ; Col. Wolford's 
cavalry resisting their advance all day, 
but falling back towards Lexington; he 
lost 27 killed and wounded ; Confederate 
loss about the same, together with 30 pris- 

March 24— Federal military authorities 
under Col. Sanders D. Bruce, impress ne- 
groes in Bourbon co., sending them to Lex- 



122 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



ington to work on intrenchments and for 
other labor. Any person disobeying the 
order or obstructing its e.\ecution is threat- 
ened with arrest and imprisonment. 

March 24— Gen. Humphrey Marshall's 
Confederate forces make a dash upon a 
portion of Gen. White's Federal troops, 
about 10 miles from Louisa, Lawrence co., 
forcing them back on the large force, when 
the former withdrew. 

March SO— Col. Chas. J. Walker's 10th 
Ky. cavalry attacks Col. Cluke's Confed- 
erate cavalry, 6 miles east of Mountster- 
ling, routes them, and drives them beyond 
the Licking river. 

March 30— Battle of Dutton Hill, I'A 
miles from Somerset, Pulaski county ; be- 
tween 1,100 Federal troops (400 of Col. 
Wolford's 1st Ky. cavalry) under Brig. 
Gen. Q. A. Gillmore, and 2,600 Confeder- 
ate cavalry under Gen. Pegram. After a 
sharp engagement of 5 hours, the latter 
retreated over the Cumberland river, hav- 
ing lost soaie 250, mostly in prisoners; 
Federal loss 60, in killed, wounded and 

March 31— Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burn- 
side, the new commander of the depart- 
ment of the Ohio, which includes Ky., 
orders the dishonorable discharge from 
the U. S. military service of Capt. Wm. 
D. Ratcliffe, 10th Ky. cavalry, for his sur- 
render of Mountsterling. [A court of in- 
quiry afterwards honorably acquitted him, 
and he was restored to his regiment.] 
Because of some irregularity by the Con- 
federates in paroling the prisoners, Gen. 
B. declares the parole void, and orders the 
men and officers to report to his headquar- 
ters at Cincinnati for dutv. 

March 31— Brig. Gen. Speed Smith Fry, 
from headquarters U. S. forces at Danville, 
issues a locomotive general order, requiring 
1. " The quartermaster and commissary 
stores left in Danville by the Federal 
forces, and now in the hands of the citi- 
zens of the town, to bo sent back to the 
places from which they were taken ;" 2. 
" The articles taken from private citizens 
by the rebels whilst in the town recently, 
and distributed amongst some of their 
sympathizers, will be at once returned to 



the 



proper own 



All male 



zens who by word or act gave the rebels, 
whilst here, any aid or comfort or infor- 
mation, are hereby ordered to leave the 
place, and not make their appearance here 
again until they can return with full de- 
termination to be quiet and loyal citizens ; 
they h^ive forfeited all claims to the protec- 
tion either of the general or state govern- 
ment, and will not receive it j they must go, 
and go at once." 

April 1— "Brain fever" carries off 17 
Confederate soldiers, in one regiment, in 
southern Ky., in a few days. The pa- 
tient suffers with a terrible pain in the 
back of the head and along the spine ; 
the extremities soon become cold, and the 
patient sinks in torpor; every case fatal, 

April 3 — A full-grown magnificent pan- 



ther, weighing 111 pounds, and measuring 
7 feet from nose to tip of tail, killed by 
John Curtis, 5}i miles from Lexington, on 
Frankfort road. 

April 4 — Martial law abolished at Lex- 
ington, and, April 8, at Paris. During 
its reign the citizens suffered for want of 
wood and eatables. 

April 5 — Wm. Kaye elected mayor of 
Louisville by 710 majority over Thos. H. 
Crawford, both " Union " — the former sup- 
ported by the Democrat and the latter by 
the Journal newspapers. 

April 6 — Judge Jos. Doniphan, in the 
Kenton circuit court at Covington, decides 
that congress- has no power to pass any 
act of which the effect would be to divest 
a state court of its jurisdiction. 

April 9 — A large body of land and some 
rnilri^nd stock, confiscated as the property 
of Col. Wm. Preston, (of Ky.,) of the 
Confederate army, sold at auction at 
Charlestown, Indiana, for account of the 
U. S. government. 

April U — Gen. Pegram's Confederate 
cavalry defeated at Somerset, Pulaski CO.; 
many taken prisoners. 

April 12— Col.S. R. Mott,of llSthOhio, 
commanding at Cynthiana, forbids any 
person buying, selling or shipping mer- 
chandise or groceries " without first pro- 
curing a certificate of six unconditional 
Union men to the effect that he himself ia 
an unconditional Union man." 

April 13 — Savage and brutal code pro- 
mulgated by Maj. Gen. AmbroseE. Burn- 
side, commander of the department which 
includes Ky. Besides some severe regu- 
lations strictly military and legitimate in 

writers of letters sent by secret mails" 
are threatened with death, without dis- 
crimination as to the character of the 
letters or mail. " Persons declaring sym- 
pathy for the enemy will be at once ar- 
rested with a view to being tried as traitors, 
and if convicted suffer death, or sent be- 
yond our lines into the lines of their 
friends." Known as " Order No. 38." 

April 17 — Suspension of 
factories at Louisville, 
operatives out of employn 

April 17— Gen. Wilcox, 
Lexington, orders the exclusion, from big 
department, of the Cincinnati Enqnirer. 
Gen. Burnside,inafew days,countermand3 
the order. 

April 19 — Fine bridge at Lower Blue 
Licks, in Nicholas co., over the Licking 
river, fired by an incendiary and burned 
down. It was built 30 years ago. 

April 20 — Gen. Burnside orders the ar- 
rest of any persons guilty of trafficking 
in Confederate scrip. 

April 22— Wm. F. Corbin and T. G. 
Magraw, confederate captains, found guilty 
by court martial (under Burnside's "order 
No. 38 ") of recruiting for the Confederate 
army, and ordered to be shot on May 15, 
on Johnson's Island. 

April 22 — Confederate raid on Tomp- 
kinsville, Monroe co., (in revenge for the 



baeco manu- 



ndat 



1863. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Federal raid on and burning of Celina, 
Tenn.); several killed, and court house 
and several other buildings burned. 

April 23— Death of Elijah Denny, aged 
110, in Rockcastle co.; he fought at Stony 
Point and in other battles of the Revolu- 



lary ' 



April 23— A small Confederate detneh- 
ment defeated near Rockhold, Whitley 
CO., losing 4 killed and 9 taken prisoners. 
April 23— A general court martial at 
Cincinnati condemns Sampson D. Talbot, 
of Bourbon co., to $1,000 fine and impris- 
onment 3 months, and longer unless the 
fine is paid, for harboring and concealing 
Confederate soldiers ; also, (for being pres- 
ent at Talbot's house,) Thos. Sullivan to 
60 days imprisonment — both in the mili- 
tary prison on Johnson's island, near San- 
dusky, Ohio. Thos. M. Campbell, a Con- 
federate soldier of Nicholas co., was also 
condemned to be hung as a spy, sent to 
Johnson's island in irons, and ordered to 
be executed May 8, 1863 ; he was not 
e-tecuted at that time, it was stated, be- 
cause " he had signified his willingness to 
inform on other spies." 

April 24— Joshua F. Bell declines the 
nomination of the " Union " party for 
governor. May 2— Col. Thos. E. Bram- 
lette is nominated in his place, by the 
" Union Democratic central committee." 

April 27—30 guerrillas attack a train 
on the Louisville and Nashville railroad, 4 
miles north of Franklin, Simpson co., 
but are driven off, losing several killed 
and wounded, by 100 Federal soldiers con- 
cealed on the train. 

April 29— Gen. Carter, with Wolford's 
1st Ky. cavalry and the 7th Ohio, over- 
takes and drives a Confederate force from 
Monticello, Wayne co., killing 8, wound- 
ing 18, and capturing over 30 prisoners. 

April 29— Near Meadeville, Meade co., 
the 36lh Ky. Federal cavalry surround 10 
guerrillas, kill 9 and mortally wound 1. 

April 30 — President Lincoln sets apart 
this Thursday, " as a day of national hu- 
miliation, fasting and prayer." 

May 1— Gen. Carter drives a force of 
Morgan's Confederate cavalry out of Mon- 
ticello, Wayne co.; heavy skirmishing. 

May 6—33 soldiers, 27th New Jersey, 
drowned in crossing the CumberUnd river, 
at Stagall's ferry, by upsetting a boat. 

May 8 — 11 young men recruited for the 
Confederate army by Wm. S. Waller, jr., 
surprised at midnight and captured by a 
squad under Col. W. H. Wadsworth, near 
Maysville. 

May 10— Adj. Gen.Finnell calls for the 
enlistment of 20,000 Kentuckians, for the 
defence of the state, as authorized by 
special act of congress. 

May 10— The Gen. Buell court of in- 
quiry, after a session of 5 months, and 
taking 5,000 manuscript pages of testi- 
mony, closes its labors. 

May 10— Judge Lane, of Ala., publishes 
a statement made in his hearing by the 
late Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston— that 
" without Kentucky, Missouri and Mary- 



land, the Southern Confederacy could not 

May 11 — Brisk engagement at " the 
N.-.vrows," in the Horseshoe bend of tho 
Cumberland river, in Wayne Co., between 
480 of Col. Jacob's 9th Kv. cavalry and 
800 of Gen. John H. Morg.an's Confeder- 
ate cavalry. The former successful at 
first, but finally had to fall back across 
Greasy creek ; Federal loss in killed, 
wounded and missing 42 ; Confederate 
loss 32 in killed and wounded, according 
to Gen. Duke. 

May 13— Confederates defeated in a 
skirmish near Wootiburn, Warren co. 

May 13— Gen. Burnside's " order No. 
66" requires the wives and families of 
persons absent in the Confederate army to 
be sent South *' as speedily as possible." 
** Persons who have been connected with 
the rebel army will be arrested as spies, 
if they -do not report at some Federal 
headquarters immediately." May 18 — 
Both orders slightly modified. 

May 13 — Skirmish at South Union, Lo- 

May 15— Two railroad car-loads of Gen. 
Simon B. Buckner's furniture discovered 
at Elizabethtown, and confiscated. 

May 21— Maj. Gen. John C. Breckin- 
ridge publishes, in the Chattanooga Rebel, 
a scathing reply to the reflections cast 
upon him and his Ky. troops by Gen, 
Bragg, in his ofiicial report of the Stone 
river battles ; and asks a court of inquiry. 

M.ay 22— Burning of the Transylvania 
Medical Hall, Lexington, Ky., recently 
occupied as a hospital for sick soldiers ; no 



lost. 



May 25 — Frankfort Yeoman suspends 
publication, on account of hard times. 

May 27— $1,600 for premium tobacco, 
distributed at the Ky. state exhibition at 
Louisville. 

May 31— Lieut. Col. Silas Adams, and 
50 of the 1st Ky. cavalry, cross the Cum- 
berland river in canoes, and capture 17 
Confederate pickets at Mill Springs, 
Wayne co.; then joining other Federal 
cavalry, engage in a sharp skirmish with 
Confederate cavalry, in same county. 

June 1 — Four counties in northern Ky., 
wiibin the last 3 months, have produced 
213,467 gallons of whisky, and paid 
$42,693 U. S. government tax thereon. 

!n. Burnsi 
circulation of the New Yo 
Chicago Times, both Democratic newspa- 
pers, in the department of the Ohio, which 
includes Ky.; but, June 4, President Lin- 
coln revokes the order. 

June 3 — A number of females arrested 
at Demossville, Pendleton co., and some 
at other points, to be sent South. They 
are regarded as dangerous to the U. S. 
government. 

June 5— Maj. Gen. John A. McClernand, 
(of Illinois, but a native Kentuckian,) in 
a letter to Gov. Robinson, " bears testi- 
mony to the gallantry, bravery, good con- 
duct," and ** unflinching steadiness," of 
the 7th, 19th, and 22d Ky. regiments, in 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



the 13ih army corps under his command 
at the battles, in Mississippi, of Thomp 
son's Hill on May 1, Champion Hills May 
16, Big Black bridge May 17, and before 
Vicksburg since May 19. 

June 6 — Locomotive-boiler explosion 
on the Ky. Central railroad, at Nicholas- 
ville ; 6 killed, 12 wounded. 

June 6 — Oppressive trade order issued 
at Lexington. The U. S. treasury agent, 
Mullen, authorizes Lexington mer- 
chants to import only about S34,000 pei 
month of all kinds of merchandise (jusi 
$VA to each citizen of Fayette co.) ; no 
merchant allowed to job or wholesale, or 
to purchase over 2 months' supplies. 

June 6— Col. Orlando H. Moore, provost 
marshal at Louisville, by special letter 
''has the honor most respectfully to re- 
quest" the editors of the Louisville Jour- 
nal and of the Louisville Democrat " U 
discontinue their attacks and reflections 
upon the war policy and measures of thi 
administration." Somebody immediately 
cuts off his provost-marshal head; such 
politeness being simply intolerable. 

June 9 — Cavalry skirmishing for 8 miles, 
near MonticeUo,Wayne co.; Gen. Pegram's 
Confederates retreating before Gen. Carter's 
Federals. 

June 13— Small Confederate force de- 
feated, losing 4 killed and 5 prisoners, on 
Wilson's creek, near Boston, Nelson co. 

June 13— Confederate raid on Elizabeth- 
town ; train of oars captured with 120 
horses ; 3 cars burned. 

June 14— About 300 Confederate cavalry 
under Col. Peter Everett make a raid on 
Maysville, spike the 6-poundercannon, des- 
troy all the home-guard arms, and capture 
from the citizens a number of Colt rifles, 
a number of horses, and several thousand 
dollars worth of merchandise. They 
search in vain for Col. W. H. Wadsworth 
and some other prominent citizens, to carry 
off as hostages for certain Confederate sol- 
diers now under arrest or already sentenced 
as reputed spies. 

June 15— Maj. R. T. ■\Villiams, with 30 
men of 14th Ky. cavalry, ambushed, 2 
miles from Olympian Springs, Bath co., 
by Capt. Peter Everett's Confederate cav- 
alry, losing 11 killed or mortally wounded, 
and 5 wounded and missing. 

June 15 — Provost marshals busy en- 
rolling the militia of 'Ky. 

June 16— Home-guards attack Everett's 
Confederate cavalry near Plummer's mills, 
Fleming co., and are defeated. 

June 16— Lieut. Col. R. R. Maltby, 
with 2 battalions of 10th Ky. cavalry, 
overtakes Everett's Confederate cavalry 
at Triplett's creek bridge, near Morehead, 
Rowan co., and defeats them after a brisk 
skirmish. During the engagement Col. 
DeCourcey's 8th Michigan cavalry regi- 
ment, 1,000 strong, came up and attacked 
the Confederates, who were allowed to 
slip off under the impression they were 
home-guards ; while the 8th Michigan 
with cannon and Spencer rifles opened a 
hot fire on the 10th Ky., across the creek— 



fortunately shooting over their heads. 38 
Confederates were captured, of whom 1 had 
been killed, and 3 wounded. 

June IS— Capt. Hines, and 65 men of 
2d Ky. Confederate cavalry, cross the 
Ohio river near Leavenworth, Indiana; 
on their return, while fording the river, 
they are vigorously charged upon by two 
companies of home-guards, a number 
captured and the rest scattered. 

June 19 — More impressing of negroes 
in Bourbon county, for military purposes 
— to work on roads. 

June 20— Wm. F. Bullock, John H. 
Harney, Nat. Wolfe, Wm. Kaye, Wm. A. 
Dudley, Joshua F. Bullitt, and others, 
call upon ex-Gov. Chas. A. Wickliffe to 
become a candidate for governor ; he con- 



June 22— John T. Dial and E. M. Grin- 
die, of Campbell co., tried by court mar- 
tial at Cincinnati, on a charge of aiding 
and abetting the enemy, and sentenced to 
be shot; and James Clark Lisle, a Confed- 
erate soldier captured in Clark co., sen- 
tenced to be hanged as a spy, 

June 22 — James R. Hallam, of Newport, 

W. Hawkins, Nathaniel B. Shaler, Wm. 
H. Lape, Wm. M. Thompson, Wm. H. 
Smith, Frank Clark, and Henry C. Gass- 
away, for false imprisonment in Camp 
Chase, Ohio, for four months — charging 
them with conspiracy in causing his arrest 
and confinement, and claiming $30,000 
damages. Hubbard D. Helm, Robert 
Maddox, Peter McArthur, Patrick Walsh, 
and 10 others bring separate suits, in the 
Campbell circuit court, at Newport, against 
various parties, for the same general cause 
— each claiming $50,000 damages. A few 
days after, H. B. Wellman, the attorney 
who brought most of the foregoing suits, 
was arrested by order of Gen. Burnside, 
and lodged in the military prison, on Co- 
lumbia St., Cincinnati. Notwithstanding 
this, ex-Judge Samuel M. J) 
four suits ag.ainst the defendants fir 
named, in favor of Thos. L.Jones, Wilson 
Kiser, John Kiser, and Jesse Yelton. 

July 1 — Robert Richardson, superin- 
tendent of public instruction, in his annual 
report, speaks of the act of Aug. 30, 1862— 
;ent oath of loyalty 
to be taken by every common school trus- 
d teacher before he shall act as such, 
penalty of a fine of from $25 to 
$200 if he act without the oath, and of 
finement in the penitentiary if he vio- 
late the oath— as "materially detrimental 
to the prosperity of our common schools ;" 
merited punishment on thou- 
d defenseless chil- 
a monument of misdirected 
patriotism and unguarded legislation." 
larnestly recommends its repeal. 
tary operations, and the presence 
of armies and armed bands, in certain lo- 
ng the greater portion of the 
past year, rendered it impossible for many 
"strict schools to be taught." 
July 2— Skirmish near Burksville, Cum- 



jght 



"visiting unu 
sands of inn 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



berland co.; the Federals driven back by 
Gen. Morgan's Confederate cavalry to their 
encampment at Marrowbone; by the aid 
of artillery and reserve forces they in turn 
repulse the Confederates. 

July 3 — Short engagement at Columbia, 
Adair co.; loss small ; Morgan's cavalry 
drive Federal troops into and through the 
town. 

.Julv4— Desperate engagement at Tebbs' 
Bend 'of Green river, in Taylor co. Col. 0. 
H. Woorc, with 200 of the 25th Michigan 
infantry had selected a strong natural for- 
tification, and spent the night before in 
intrenching. 'When summoned to sur- 
render, he declined because the 4th of 
July was not an appropriate day for sur- 
renders. 600 of Morgan's cavalry on 
foot, parts of 3 regiments, 8 times most 
gallantly attacked the Federals in front, 
determined to carry the works by storm ; 
but it was the march of death, more terri- 
bly destructive at each fresh advance. 
Federal loss 6 killed, 23 wounded, .ind 1 
prisoner; Confederate loss 36 killed, 46 
wounded — among the killed some most 
daring and valuable ofacers : Col. Chen- 
ault, Moj. Tho. Y. Brent, Capt. Tribble, 
Lieuts. Cowan, Holloway and Ferguson. 
[Col. Moore proved as humane to the Con- 
federate wounded and dead who were left 
in charge of surgeons and chaplains, as 
he had been skillful and brave in fighting 
them. They erred, indeed, who supposed 
him not as gallant in war as he was extrava- 
gantly polite in his appeal to the Louis- 
ville editors.] 

July 5 — Desperate engagement at Leba- 
non, Marion co. Lieut. Col. Chas. S. 
Hanson, with 300 20th Ky. infantry, 
fighting from the railroad depot and other 
houses, bravely defends the town for 7 
hours, until Morgan's Confederate cavalry, 
on foot, set fire to the depot and take it 
by assault. Federal loss 6 killed and sev- 
eral wounded ; Confederate loss 25 killed 
and 13 wounded, including several brave 
officers. A large quantity of rifles, am- 
munition and medicines were captured, 
and $100,000 of U. S. military stores des- 
troyed. 

July 5 — Maj. Gen. Hartsuff, headquar- 
ters of 23d army corps at Lexington, in 
" general order No. 8" says : " For every 
Union citizen, non-combatant, injured in 
their person, five rebel sympathizers will 
be arrested and punished accordingly ; 
and for injuries done to the property of 
Union citizens, ample remuneration will 
be levied upon rebel sympathizers." 

July 6— Capt Robert H. Earnest, of the 
26th ky., routs a small confederate force, 
at Woodburn, Warren co. 

July 5 — Engagement, lasting 20 hours, 
at Bardstown, between 26 Federals, in a 
stable, and 45 Confederates outside; the 
former holding out until they saw Mor- 
gan's artillery coming. 

July 6 — The Federal captains in prison 
at Richmond, Va., draw lots for two to be 
shot— in retaliation for the shooting of 
Capts. Corbin and McGraw, as spies, at 



Johnson's Island, on May 15, by order of 
Gen. Burnside. Capts. John Flinn, 15th 
Indiana, and H. W. Sawyer, 1st New Jer- 
sey cavalry, selected. 

July 6— Gen. John H. Morgan, who 
crossed the Cumberland river, July 2, with 
two brigades of 1,460 and 1,000 men— 
now reduced, by battles and detachments 
for special service, to less than 2,000— 
leaves Bardstown for Indiana and Ohio, 
a route looked forward to for months as 
his favorite piece of '* cavalry strategy." 
7th— at Garnettsville, Meade co. 8th— at 
Brandenburg, Meade co., 40 miles below 
Louisville, and where a detachment under 
Capts. Sam. Taylor and Clay Meriwether 
had already captured the steamers J. T. 
MeCombs and Alice Dean for ferrying — 
and where another small detachment under 
the daring Capt. Thos. Henry Hines was 
awaiting him, after a quiet scout of 80 
miles over into Indiana as far north as 
Seymour — Morgan crosses his entire force 
into Indiana, near Mauckport, although 
resisted by a considerable force of militia 
on the bank and a tin-clad gunboat in the 
river above. 9th— Passes through Cory- 
don and Palmyra, Harrison co.; at Cory- 
don, after a sharp skirmish, captures 600 
militia and scatters more. 10th— Near 
Salem, Washington co., Morgan's advance 
of 13 men dashes into 150 militia, driving 
them frightened back into the town, 
whence, with some 200 more, they were 
quickly scattered ; burns the depot, and 
several bridges on both the Ohio and Mis- 
sissippi, and the New Albany and Salem 
railroads, and tears up the track — the 
soldiers pillaging, at times most unneces- 
sarily and outrageously, as they go ; levies 
$1,000 redemption-money upon each owner 
to prevent the burning of his mill ; at 
nightfall, reaches Vienna, Scott co., on 
the JeS'ersonville and Indianapolis rail- 
road ; captures the telegraph operator and 
office, and substitutes Ellsworth (who 
soon advises him of the slow-coach orders 
to the militia to fell timber and obstruct 
the roads he would probably travel) ; 
travels 6 miles further, and encamps near 
Lexington ; a party of Federal cavalry 
enters the town, advancing as far as the 
very house in which Gen. Morgan was 
sleeping, but retired as suddenly and qui- 
etly as they had come. 

July 8 — Great alarm in Louisville, 
caused by the approach of Gen. John H. 
Morgan's Confederate cavalry. The city 
coitncil orders *' the enrollment of all 
males between 18 and 45 into companies 
for service, if required, and all refusing 
to be enrolled shall be sent to the North." 
Nearly 5,000 are enrolled and actively 
drilling. 

July — Two skirmishes near West Lib- 
erty, between the 10th Ky. cavalry and 
guerrillas. 

July 8— The U. S. war department hav- 
ing ordered the enrollment of the free 
negroes in Ky., under the recent conscrip- 
tion act of congress, the Ky. state authori- 
ties remonstrate against it most explicitly 



126 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1863. 



and urgently ; and the order is practically 

July 9— The archives of Ky., about 
four wagon loads in all, sent from Frank- 
fort to Covington for safe-keeping, 

July 11— At Lexington, Scott co., Indi- 
ana, Col. D. Howard Smith, with a portion 
of his regiment, is detached for a feint 
against Madison, to prevent attack from 
that direction ; while Gen. Morgan with 
his Confederate cavalry moves on through 
Paris, and comes in sight of Vernon, both 
in Jennings co. Too prudent to attack 
the strong force at Vernon, he demands 
a surrender, generously allows the two 
hours asked for in which to remove the 
non-combatants, leaves a party of skir- 
mishers, but moves forward with his main 
column, Col. Smith having rejoined him ; 
encamps at midnight, and moves on again 
at 3 A. M. — averaging, for many days, 21 
hours in the saddle. Capt. Patton's com- 
pany, 3d Indiana cavalry, at Providence, 
Ind., defeats a small detachment of Col. 
Duke's Confederate cavalry, killing 2, 
wounding 3, and capturing Lieut. John 
H. Hines and 18 others. On Saturday 
night, 11th, about 100 of Morgan's cavalry 
attempt to cross the Ohio river at Twelve- 
mile island, above Louisville on a wood- 
boat ; but the gunboat Moose comes up 
and shells the island, and Gen. M.inson 
with a large force on ten steamboats, ar- 
rives in time to capture many of them. 
12th— The main body passes early through 
Dupont, Jefferson co., where, from a pork- 
house, many of the men select a ham 
each, and sling it to their saddles, help- 
ing themselves to other forage and pro- 
visions as needed ; at nearly every point 
militia are posted, in large numbers, who 
are dispersed by maneuvering, but, if in 
strong positions, await a bold dash before 
giving way. [The immense numbers of 
people, and great abundance of provisions 
and other comforts of life, astonish these 
visitors from the exhausted fields and 
scattered populations of two-years' con- 
stant war.] Col. Grigsby, with his regi- 
ment, dashes into Versailles, Ripley co., 
scatters several hundred militia, captures 
their horses, and burns some railroad 
bridges near. At Sunmans, in the same 
county, on the Indianapolis and Cincin- 
nati railroad, Col. Gavin's Decatur co. reg- 
iment report that they got into a skirmish 
with Duke's cavalry, and drove them off; 
whereas Duke reports that 2,600 mililia lay 
there loaded into box cars, and moved (Tff 
towards Cincinnati in the morning, uncon- 
scious of the Confederates' presence. In- 
tense alarm all through middle and south- 
ern Indiana and Ohio. Brig. Gens. Edward 
H. Hobson, and Jas. M. Shackleford, and 
Col. Frank Wolford. with the 1st, 3d, 8th, 
9th, 11th, and 12th Ky. cavalry and per- 
haps other Federal troops, are following 
close after Morgan, but do not seem to 
gain much on his extraordinary traveling- 
speed .and endurance. 13th — Morgan's 
main column reaches Harrison, Hamilton 
CO., Ohio, about noon ; thence the detach- 



ments move eastward through New Haven 
and Venice, through Miamitown, over 
the New Baltimore bridge, through Glen- 
dale, within 10 to 13 miles north of Cin- 
cinnati, past Camp Dennison, in Hamil- 
ton CO., on through Loveland and Batavia 
in Clermont co., reaching Williamsburg 
at 4 p. M., July 14th. The march around 
Cincinnati is made during a very dark 
night, and for want of guides is exceed- 
ingly tiresome and embarrassing. In 
about 35 hours, from Sunmans to Williams- 
burg, the cavalry pass over 90 miles — the 
most extraordinary march in their his- 
tory. They are so fagged out that all 
along the route prisoners are being taken. 

During all this time, the Ohio river is 
rising slowly, preventing them from cross- 
ing at several points which had recently 
been fordable, and enabling the Federal 
gunboats and steamers loaded with troops 
to follow on up the river — to intercept the 
Confederates and prevent their escape 
southward. 

July 12— At a sale in Louisville, bank 
shares brought— Northern Bank $100, 
Bank of Ky. and Bank of Louisville each 
$96. 

July 16 — Morgan's cavalry pass on 
eastward through the counties of Brown, 
Highland, Adams, Pike, Jackson, Vinton, 
Athens, Gallia, Meigs, Washington and 
Morgan, through the towns of West Union, 
Piketon, Jackson, Oak Hill, Hampden, Nel- 
sonville, Berlin, Chester, to the Ohio River 
at Portland, in Meigs co. A halt at Chester 
proves the great blunder — prevents their 
escape into Virginia. Meanwhile, regu- 
lar troops and militia in thousands, on 
horseback, by railroad and river, are being 
sent in front of and across Morgan's path, 
as well as following him with all possible 

July 18— Battle of Buffington's Island, 
fought by Morgan's men, exhausted by 
four week's constant travel, and with a 
very small supply of ammunition, against 
four times their number, abundantly sup- 
plied, fresh and vigorous ; over 700 Con- 
federates captured, including Cols. Basil 
W. Duke, W. W. Ward, D. Howard Smith, 
and Richard 0. Morgan, Lieut. Col. John 
M. Hoffman, Majors W. P. Elliott and 
Robert S. Bullock, and C.apts. Thos H. 
Hines and P. H. Thorpe. 

July 18 and 20— Four companies of Mor- 
gan's cavalry, under Capts, Kirkpatrick, 
Sisson, Lea and Cooper, escape across the 
Ohio river into Virginia, but several hun- 
dred others are captured by the Ist Ky. 
(Federal) in the attempt. Tuesday, 21st, 
heavy skirmishing for 6 or 7 miles, and 
brisk fighting for an hour at St. George's 
creek; several hundred Confederates cap- 
tured by Ky. Federal regiments. Sun- 
day, 26th, severe engagement near Saline- 
vil'le, Columbiana co.; .about 15 Confeder- 
ates killed, 35 wounded, 200 prisoners; 
and the same day Gen. Morgan surrenders 
to Capt. Burbeck, of the Ohio militia, 
upon condition that his officers and men 
be paroled, all retaining their horses, and 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



127 



the officers their side-arms. Capt. .John 
L. Ncal, of the 9th Ky. cavalry, is the 
first to report to his commander, Maj. Geo. 
■\V. Rue, the surrender, coming up with 
a flag of truce under Maj . Theophilus Steele, 
who hopes they will not be fired upon. 
Maj. Rue in part, and Gen. Shackleford, 
when he arrives, entirely disavows and 
repudiates the honorable terms granted. 
Col. Wolford endeavors to have them ob- 
served, but is overruled. Morgan appealed 
to Gen. Burnside to observe them, but he 
is also refused. With Gen. Morgan is 
surrendered the remnant of his cavalry — 
making aboutl,600 now in Federal hands. 
And so ends his wonderful raid, of over 
1,100 hundred miles in the enemy's coun- 
try — startling in its conception, masterly 
and terrible in its progress and execution, 
but fatally disastrous in its results. The 
great cavalry captain, all his colonels ex- 
cept Johnson and Grigsby, and most of 
his other brilliant and gallant officers, are 
soon incarcerated in the Ohio penitentiary 
at Columbus ; where they are shaven and 
shorn, fed and lodged, and watched and 
punished as convicts, although allowed 
some "privileges " refused to convicts. 

July 20— Gov. Jas. F. Robinson issues 
a proclamation, accompanied with the 
" expatriation act " of March 11, 1862, 
recommending "its strict observance and 
enforcement;" and has both published, at 
state expense, in every newspaper in the 
state. It disfranchises many native citi- 



freebooters 
under one Underwood— all Union bush- 
whackers, and said to have been invited 
by bad Union men who felt spiteful be- 
cause of the outrages committed by Ever- 
ett's Confederate cavalry on their recent 
raid. Their robberies, outrages and in- 
sults were of and towards rebel sympa- 
thizers ; and they w-e . ot resisted at all 
by the provost guard. 

July 22— Lieut. Col. Thomas L. Young, 
118th Ohio infantry, commanding at Paris 
and at all railroad stations betwen Coving- 
ton and Lexington, in " order No. 4," di- 
rects 1. " Thattheproperty (negroes, oxen, 
timber for fortifications, wood for fuel, corn, 
hay, oats, etc.) of loyal Union men shall not 
be impressed, except in cases of absolute 
necessity, and then under special written 
authority ;" 2. " If private property be 
needed for military purposes, it must be 
taken from sympathizers with the rebellion, 
or those opposed to furnishing more men 
or money toward sustaining the govern- 
ment ;" 3. Vouchers must be given for pri- 
vate property taken, but " if presented for 
approval by men whose loyalty is doubted, 
they will be endorsed ' To be paid at the 
end of the war, or when the claimant shall 
establish his loyalty to the satisfaction of 
the government.' " July 24— Gen. Hart- 
sufif, commanding 23d army corps at Lex- 
ington, orders (No. 14) that " impressed 
property be taken excluaively from rebels 
and rebel sympathizers," and so long as 



they have any, *' no man of undoubted loy- 
alty will be molested;" "nominally Ky. 
Union men will bo classed as rebel sym- 
pathizers." 

July 26 — Death of John J. Crittenden, 
at Frankfort. 

July 28 — Gen. Scott's Confederate cav- 
alry drive the Federals through Richmond, 
and across the Ky. river. 

July 28— Small action at Richmond, 
Madison co. 

July 28— An official statement of Adj. 
Gen. John W. Finnell gives the following 
as the number of volunteers furnished to 
the United States by each congressional 
district in Ky.: 



1,154 

2d 5,228 

3d 4,524 

4th 4,933 



3,260 
3,500 



8th 7,121 

9th 6,499 

Total..41,937 

July 29— Confederates attack Paris, but 
after two hours fighting withdraw towards 
Mountsterling. 

July 29— Federals, under Col. R. R. 
Maltby, after a sharp skirmish, compel 
Gen. Scott's cavalry to abandon Winches- 
ter. 

July 30— Col. Saunders' force drives 
Pegram and Scott's Confederate cavalry 
from Winchester, Clark co., towards Irvine, 
Estill CO. 

July 30 — Sharp cavalry skirmish at Ir- 
vine, Estill CO., bet. 10th Ky. (Federal) 
and Scott's Confederates. 

July 31 — Gen. Burnside declares mar- 
tial law in Ky., " for the purpose only of 
protecting the rights of loyal citizens and 
the/reedomo/e^ection," "no disloyal person 
shall be allowed to vote." Aug. 10 — He 
visits Lexington, is serenaded, and makes 
a speech complimenting Ky. as " the most 
loyal state in his department; he had 
found more of strictly loyal men here than 
in Ohio or Indiana; the disloyal had no 
right to approach the ballot box, and 
therefore had no right to complain of mar- 
tial law." 

Aug. 3— Vote for Governor, Thos. E. 
Bramletto 67,586, Chas. A. Wicklifi'e, 
(Dera.) 17,344; for lieutenant governor, 
Richard T. Jacob, 65,851, Wm. B. Read 
(Dem.) 14,820. For congress, 1st district, 
Lueien Anderson 4,323, Lawrence S. Trim- 
ble (Dem.) 711; 2d, Geo. H. Yeaman 
8,311, John H. McHenry 3,087 ; 3d, Henry 
Grider 8,654, T. C.Winfrey 1,293; 4th, 
Aaron Harding 10,435, Wm. J. Heady 
2,608; 5th, Robert Mallory 6,267, Nat. 
Wolfe 2,477; 6th, Green Cltiy Smith 6,936, 
John W. Menzies 2,283, John W. Leathers 
(Dem.) 1,970; 7£h, Brutus J. Clay 4,711, 
Gen. Jerry T. Boyle 2,487, Richard A. 
Buckner 2,143; 8th, Wm. H. Randall 

7,938, Bradley 197 ; 9th, Wm. Henry 

Wadsworth 6,638, T. S. Brown 567. Reg- 
ular " Union " candidates elected over the 
" Independent Union " and over the Dem- 
ocratic candidates, in every case. Only 
about 85,000 out of 140,000 votes polled— 
probably 40,000 being refused a vote, or 
kept from the polls by military intimida- 



128 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



tion or interference, or by threats or fears 
of arrest or of future trouble ; in some 
counties, the names of the Democratic can- 
didates stricken from the poll-books by the 
military or their order; at Bardstown, an 
Indiana-Col. Butler erases, in the very 
presence of the venerable ex-Governor 
Wickliffe himself, his name, declaring 
that no poll should be open for him ; even 
high Ky. military officers active in con- 
trolling the election ;.in a few cases, men 
voting the Democratic ticket are immedi- 
ately arrested as disloyal ; the military 
distributed at all the polls, in many coun- 
ties. For this reason, members of the 
legislature almost unanimously " Union ;" 
only three counties, Boone, Carroll, and 
Trimble, electing " No-men-or-money " 
representatives. 

Aug. 4 — Steamer Ruth set on fire and 
burned while descending the Mississippi, 
6 miles below Cairo; .SO lives lost; also, 
$2,600,000 in hands of U. S. army pay- 
masters, 400 tons military stores, etc. 

Aug. 5— In the U. S. district court at 
Louisville, Judge Bland Ballard sentences 
Thos. C. Shacklett, convicted of treason, 
to 10 years imprisonment in the Louisville 
jail, a fine of $10,000, and to have hisslaves 
emancipated. 

Aug. 10— Gen. Boyle orders the im- 
pressment of 6,000 male negro laborers in 
14 central counties, to work in extending 
the railroad from Lebanon towards Dan- 
ville ; owners failing to deliver them, as 
ordered, will have all their male negroes 
between 16 and 45 years taken. 

Aug. 2r— Skirmish at Clark's Neck, 
Lawrence co. 

Sept. 1— Col. Leonidas Metenlfe refunds 
to many Southern sympathizers in Bour- 
bon, Harrison and Nicholas counties, 
from whom he, last year, coerced sums at 
pleasure, sivti/ cents on the dollar — alleging 
that he has expended the balance in reim- 
bursing persons who suffered by Confed- 
erate raids ; before paying, he requires a 
release in full, "to cover accidents." 

Sept. 2—70 guerrillas enter Flemings- 
burg, and rob the bank and citizens. 

Sept. —Skirmish near Catlettsburg, 
Boyd CO., between the home-guards and 
guerrillas. 

Sept. 4— John W. Coffey and Christo- 
pher Coffey, of 27th Ky. infantry (Fed- 
eral), shot at Munfordsville, Hart co., for 
desertion. 

Sept. 7— Skirmish on Pigeon creek, Lo- 
gan CO.; Confederates routed, with 8 killed, 
6 wounded, and 32 prisoners. 

Sept. 9—2,000 Confederates surrounded 
by large Federal forces at Cumberland 
Gap, and surrender. 

Sept. 19, 20— Battle in Georgia, near 
Chickamauga, Tennessee ; Confederates 
victorious ; many Ky. troops engaged, on 
both sides, and heavy losses. 

Sept. 22— Skirmish at Marrowbone, Pike 

CO. 

Oct. 6— Hays, or Hamilton, with 85 
Confederates, dashes into Glasgow, Barren 
CO., about sunrise, surprising and captur- 



ing, and afterwards paroling, 140 Federal 
soldiers. 

Oct. 6— Guerrilla raid on Owingsville, 
Bath CO.; 7 Federal soldiers killed. 

Oct. 8 — Richardson's guerrillas surprise 
and destroy a train, at New Hope, Nelson 
CO., and tear up the track. 

Oct. 9— Guerrilla outrages and successes 
in eastern Ky. increasing. Gov. Bram- 
lette issues a " pronunciamcnto " saying 
*' the state shall be free from its murder- 
ous foes, even though every arm be re- 
quired to aid in their destruction ;" he 
threatens a draft, unless state guard com- 
panies for home protection are formed im- 
mediately. 

Oct. 10— Major Gen. Thos. L. Critten- 
den relieved of the command of the 21st 
army corps, and his conduct in the battle 
of Chickamauga to be investigated. 

Oct. 10— Balance in Ky. state treasury, 

this day $808,.S87 

Balance in same, Oct. 10, 1862... 459,708 
Balance in same, Oct. 10, 1861... 280,111 
Balance in same, Oct. 10, 1860... 126,548 

Oct. 16— Gauge of Louisville and Lex- 
ington railroad widened, from 4 feet 83^ 
inches to 5 feet, to be uniform with all 
Southern roads — by order of U. S. gov- 
ernment. 

Oct. 17—26 of Gen. John H. Morgan'3 
men escape from Camp Douglas, at Chi- 
cago, by digging a tunnel under the fence, 
from one of the barracks. 

Oct. 17 to 24— Guerrillas in large force 
visit Columbia, Greensburg, Bardstown, 
Danville, and other places, frightening 
and pillaging the citizens without distinc- 

Oct. —Gen. Buell acquitted, by the 
court of inquiry, of all charges against him. 

Oct. 17— President Lincoln calls for 
300,000 men ; and orders a draft on Jan. 
5, 1864, for any deficiency. Kentucky's 
quota is 12,701. 

Oct. 25— President Lincoln exempts Ky. 
from negro enlistments as soldiers. 

Oct. 30— Lieut. Col. Orlando Brown, 
Jr., 14lh Ky. infantry, and Maj. Stephen 
M. Ferguson, 39th Ky. infantry, with 160 
men, repulse Prentice's Confederate cav- 
alry at Salyersville, Magoffin co., captur- 
ing 50 prisoners. 

Oct. 30— Gen. Boyle turns over to the 
U. S. quartermaster all corn purchased by 
distillers in Bourbon, Harrison and other 
counties, and forbids them to purchase any 

Nov. 8 — Several thousand impressed 
negroes, who were scattered to the four 
winds by the late guerrilla raid, return to 
work upon the Lebanon branch railroad 
west of Stanford, Lincoln co. 

Nov. 10— Guerrillas, for the fourth time 
recently, make a raid into Morchead, Row- 
an CO., "but are driven off with loss. 

Nov. 13 — Lexington city council pur- 
chases 1,000 cords of wood for distribution 
among the poor of the city. 

Nov. 14— Death at MaysviUo of Tho. B. 
Stevenson, one of the ablest writers and 
editors of the state. 



1863-4. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



129 



Nov. 25— 11th and 12th Ky. Federal 
cavalry surprised and captured, near 
Knoxville, Tenn., by the Confederates. 

Nov. 28— Gen. John H. Morgan, and 6 
of his captains, Thos. H. Hines, Jacob C. 
Bennett, Ralph Sheldon, Jas. D. Hocker- 
smith, Gustavus S. McGee, and Sam. B. 
Taylor, make their escape from the Ohio 
penitentiary at Columbus, before 1 a. m. 

Too polite to part from his host without 
a farewell word, Hines leaves a letter for 
the Warden, addressed to "Hon. (11) N. 
Merion," " The Faithful,". " The Vigi- 
lant," and enclosing the tally of time and 

"CiSTLE Mekion, Cell No. 20, Nov. 27. 

Commencement, November 4, 1863 

Conclusion, November 20, 186.S 

No. of hours for labor, per day, Three. 

Tools, Two small knives. 

La patience est amere, maia son fruit eat 

By order of my six honorable Confeder- 

THOS. H. HINES, Captain C. S. A." 
Four days after, Taylor and Sheldon are 
captured 6 miles back of Louisville, and 
returned to the penitentiary. 

The ingenuity and coolness of Hines, who 
had pLanned the mode of escape, and the 
methodical boldness and nonchalance of 
Morgan, carry the two safely by railroad 
via D.ayton to Cincinnati, where they cross 
the Ohio at 7 a. m., in a skiff, to Ludlow, 
just below Covington ; breakfast at the 
residence of an enthusiastic lady friend; 
are furnished with horses, and that day 

by easy stages, with volunteer guides 
when needed, through Gallatin, Owen, 
Henry, Shelby, Spencer, Nelson, Green, 
and Cumberland counties ; reach Overton 
CO., Tenn., Dec. 8. Hines, although by 
quick wit he again saves Morgan, is cap- 
tured Dec. 13 ; but in five days is free 
again. Morgan escapes by way of Athens, 
Tenn., across the mountains of North 
Carolina, to Columbia, S. C, and thence 
to Richmond, Va. [The governor of Ohio 
offers $5,000 reward for his re-capture.] 

Dec. 1—160 Confederate cavalry enter 
Mountsterling, burn the court house and 
clerks' offices, release the prisoners from 
jail, and capture 100 horses; although a 
Federal regiment is quartered 1% miles 
from town. 

Dec. 1 — A Kentucky major, captain, 
and 4 lieutenants (Federal) dismissed the 
service by orders from Washington city — 
two for disloyalty, the others for drunken- 
ness, cowardice, or abandoning company 
in the face of the enemy. 

Dec. 7 — Legislature meets. Harrison 
Taylor, of Maysville, elected speaker of 
the house : Taylor 49, Alfred Allen 40. 

Dec. 8— Guerrillas swarming in western 
Ky. 

Dec. 8 — The bouse of representatives of 
congress now in session has, of 186 mem- 
bers, 14 natives of Ky., 11 of Massachu- 
setts, 8 of Va., ete. 

Dec. 11 — Legislature orders the stars 

I.. .9 



and stripes to be raised in front of the 

capitol 14— Asks the President for a 

court of investigation of the conduct of 
Maj. Gen. Thos. L. Crittenden, believing 
him to have been most unjustly relieved 
of his command 16 — Adopts elo- 
quent resolutions upon the death of tho 

Hon. John Jordan Crittenden 21— 

Takes steps for proper vouchers for forage 
taken from, and compensation for injuries 
to, citizens of Ky., by Federal soldiers 
Thanks the U. S. army for the vic- 
tories at Stone river, Chickamauga, Look- 
out Mountain, and Missionary Ridge 

22— Authorizes the Southern Bank of Ky. 
to wind up its affairs, and requires the 
state's proportion of its capital to be paid 
in coin at Louisville. [The bank has on 
hand $1,619,171 in gold and silver.] 

Dec. 13— On Sunday night, a file of 
soldiers, as the large congregation of a 
colored church at Lexington is dismissed, 
arrests all the men, young and old, and 
marches them to jail — to be sent next day 
to work on the military roads. 

Dec. 15 — Case of U. S. va. Gen. Lucius 
Desha, in U. S. court at Covington, charged 
with treason, dismissed. 

Dec. 15— Capt. Peter Everett's Confed- 
erate cavalrv defeated by a detachment 
of Col. Geo.W. Gallup's 39th Ky. Federal 

Dec. 19— In the U. S. court at Coving- 
ton, the several cases va. Col. Leonidas 
Metcalfe — to recover money illegally ex- 
torted by him as colonel of the 7th Ky. 
cavalry — continued until next term. 

Dec. 24 — First lot of sugar and molas- 
ses received at Louisville by the river 
from New Orleans since the Confederates 
established the blockade of the Missis- 
sippi in 1861. 

Dec. 24— Nine bales of cotton, grown 
in AVarren county, sold in Louisville at 
69 cents per pound. 

Dec. 25— Monroe county, with only 704 
enrolled militia, has furnished 613 three 
years' volunteers and 188 one-year men — 
being 97 more than her enrolled militia. 
Of course, a number of citizens over 45 or 
under 18 years must be in the service. 

Dec. 27— Cols. Hughes, Hamilton, and 
Dougherty's guerrillas capture Scottsville, 
Allen county, after defeating and taking 
prisoners Capt. J. D. Gillum's company 
of 52d Ky. A few days after, Maj. 
Johnson's 52d Ky. follows them into Ten- 
nessee, kills 40, takes 20 prisoners, and 
recovers most of the Scottsville plunder. 

Dec. 28 — Numerous sales of Bourbon 
CO. land recently, at $100 to $122 per 
acre. 

Dec. 30 — Sale of slaves near Louis- 
ville : man aged 28 for $500, boy aged 11 
$350, women aged 18 and 19 $430 and 
$380. 

1864, Jan. 1— Weather quite mild until 
dusk Last night, when it commenced rain- 
ng, succeeded by sleet, then by snow, 
ind then by violent winds. At 8 this 
the the 



itood 



'belc 



r zero ; at Louisville at 14" 



130 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1864. 



ly to pay Id 
enty-five per 



at the High School, and 19)^° on i 

Jan. 1— Southern Bank of Ky, 
stockholders that it is ready 
gold a first payment of seve 
cent, of their stock, the first step toward 
winding up its affairs. The other Ky. 
banks declare as a semi-annual dividend, 
free of government tax : Northern Bank 
4, Farmers' Bank .3K, Bank of Ky., 
Franklin Bank, Bank of Louisville, and 
Commercial Bank, each 3, Mechanics* 
Bank and People's Bank, each 4 per 

Jan. 4 — Gov. Bramlette issues a proc- 
lamation very severe toward rebel sym- 
pathizers, proposing to hold them person- 
ally responsible for all guerrilla raids, and 
charging them with knowledge of and 
with thereby aiding and abetting their 
outrages. He ** requests the various mili- 
tary commandants in the State, in every 
instance where a loyal citizen is taken off 
by bands of guerrillas, to immediately 
arrest at least five of the most prominent 
and active rebel sympathizers in the 
vicinity of such outrage for every loyal 
man taken by guerrillas. These sympa- 
thizers should be held as hostages for the 
safe and speedy return of the loyal citi- 
zens. Where there are disloyal relatives 
of guerrillas, they should be the chief 
sufferers. Let them learn that if they 
refuse to exert themselves actively for the 
assistance and protection of the loyal, 
they must expect to reap the/iis( fruits of 
their complicity with the enemies of our 
State and people." [It is the sworn gen- 
eral duty of the Governor " to take care 
that the laws be faithfully executed." If 
the persons who are the objects of this 
denunciation and proposed summary pun- 
ishment offend against the laws, it is his 
duty to see the laws faithfully executed ; 
if they be innocent of crime, the Governor 
violates his duty 'in directing their arrest 
at all. The proclamation delegates an 
assumed absolute power over the personal 
liberty of citizens to irresponsible military 
officers, and leaves them to select their 



victims ; It pro 






form ■ 






quires no proof of guilt, indicates n 
dress nor relief, establishes no safeguards 
against personal vindictiveness and petty 
tyranny. It is a sad state of things that 
'suggests, and sadder still that tolerates, 
such unwarrantable assumptions of exec- 
utive power.] 

Jan. 7 — In the senate of the Confederate 



igress. 



from 



'the 



secretary of the provisional government 
of the State of Ky." announces the re- 
election of Wm. E. Simms as senator for 

Jan. 10— Total cost of the Morgan raid 
in Ohio estimated in the message of the 
governor of that State at $897,000. 

Jan. 10— Several Ky. Federal regiments 
re-enlist for three years or during the 
war— under the promise of a thirty days' 
furlough to "come home." 

Jan. 12— Brig. Gen. Jerry T. Boyle re- 



lieved from the command of the District 
of Ky., and Brig. Gen. Jacob Ammen 
succeeds him. Gen. Boyle tenders his 
resignation, which is accepted. 

Jan. 13— In a letter to Gen. Boyle upon 
the recent movement of an agent of the 
Federal government towards recruiting 
able-bodied negroes of Ky. into the " 1st 
Michigan colored regiment" for the U. S. 
army, Gov. Bramlette says ; " No such 
recruiting will be tolerated here. Sum- 
mary justice will be inflicted upon any 
who attempt such unlawful purpose." In 
his letter of Dec. 14, to Capt. Cahill, he 
says Ky. will furnish white men to fill the 
call upon her for more troops ; will not 
enlist colored men, nor "permit any 
state which is unwilling to meet the 
measure of duty by contributing its quota 
from its own population, to shelter from 
duty behind the free negro population 
of Ky." 

Jan. 13— Debate in the U. &. senate 
upon Henry Wilson's (of Mass.) resolu- 
tion to expel Garret Davis, of Ky., for 
using treasonable language in some reso- 
lutions offered. Mr. D. makes a strong 
and pointed defense. 18th — Resolution re- 
ferred to the judiciary committee. 29th— 
Mr. Clark thinks the Senate was bound 
to accept Mr. Davis' disclaimer of inten- 
tion of inciting insurrection ; Mr. Wilson, 
after a few remarks relative to the resolu- 
tion of Mr. Davis with his disclaimer 
becoming a farce, withdraws his expulsive 

Jan. 18— At Louisville, Col. Bruce or- 
ders the closing of a number of coffee- 
houses, for selling liquor to soldiers. 

Jan. 18— Distillation of corn in Ky. 
prohibited by military general orders. 

Jan. 20 — Legislature instructs Ky. sen- 
ators and requests representatives in con- 
gress " to procure the passage of a bill to 
reimburse Ky. for losses sustained by 

rebel raids of all kinds" 23— Protests 

against congress passing a tax on leaf 

tob.icco Asks congress to construct a 

military railroad from the interior of Ky. 
to the Cumberland river above the Falls. 

26 — Empowers the governor to raise 

5,000 troops for defense of the state 

30 — Reduces into one the common school 
laws. 

Jan. 23— Military "permit" system in 
Ky. abolished. 

Jan. 26— Death of James B. Clay, of 
Lexington, at Montreal, Canada, of con- 
sumption, aged 47. 

Jan. 28— Guerrillas very active in Owen 
and other counties. 

Jan. 29— Legislature ballots for U. S. 
senator twenty-five times, since Jan. 22, 
unsuccessfully : James Guthrie received 
52 votes (the highest cast for him), Joshua 
F. Bell 46, Thos. E. Bramlette 53, Curtis 
P. Burnam 34, Jas. F. Buckner 7, Gen. 
Wm. 0. Butler 4, and John S. McFar- 
land 5. No further balloting until next 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



131 



000 men, to serve for three years or dur- 

Feb. — Adjutant general's report shows 
that Ky. has sent into the U. S. service 
52 regiments of infantry 35,760 men. 
15 regiments of cavalry 15,362 men. 
6 batteries of artillery 823 men. 
For sixty days 2,957 men. 

Total 64,902 men. 

Of these : Strength at organization, 46,- 
606, and recruits 5,319 (exclusive of the 
sixty-days' men) ; discharged 3,988 ; died 
3,252; killed in action, 610; deserters, 
missing, and in hospital, 5,060 ; present 
strength, 39,065. 

Feb. 3— Great speech of W. H. Wads- 
worth, of Ky., in the U. S. house of rep- 
resentatives, in opposition to the policy of 
the present administration ; "for beauty of 
elocution, force of reason, and manly and 
statesmanlike eloquence, it has not been 
surpassed ;" it is universally pronounced 
" the speech of the session." 

Feb. 5— In U. S. senate. Garret Davis, 
of Ky., explains that he had done his 
colleague, Lazarus W. Powell, injustice 
upon the resolution introduced for his 
expulsion. 

Feb. 5—36,009 gallons of wine manu- 
factured in Bracken co. in 1862, and 31,030 
gallons in 1863. 

Feb. 5— Legislature appoints a commit- 
tee to inquire into the expediency of re- 
moving the seat of government to Louis- 
ville, Lexington, or other place, and the 

terms to be offered for said removal 

9— Calls upon congress " to permit' Brig! 
Gen. Robert Anderson," because of broken 
health in the extraordinary defense of 
Fort Sumter and the loss of most of " his 
property by Southern usurpation, to retire 
from active service, upon the full 
emoluments of his rank, 
thorizes the sale of gold and silver coin 
belonging to the state (from her stock in 

the Southern Bank.) 17— Repeals 

the act of Feb. 26, 1862, exempting school 
children from payment of tolls Vnr. 



pay 



bids the importation of slaves : 



for 



erehandise Au 



ato Ky. 

zes the 
governor to borrow $5,000,000 for paying 
troops raised for state defense Ap- 
propriates $200 each to F. L. St. Thomas, 
John McClintock, James E. Dickey, Sam- 
uel Taylor, C. G. Land, Thos. Duval, and 
Jos. Minor, citizen soldiers of Harrison 
CO. (belonging to no njilitary organization 
and receiving no pay), who were severely 
wounded lu the fight with John H. Mor- 
gan's forces at Cynthiana, July 17, 1862. 
20— Ky. banks released from pen- 
alties for failing to redeem their liabili- 
ties in gold and silver on demand, and 
authorized to deal in U. S. treasury notes. 
Legalizes a mode for "loyal resi- 
dents and citizens of Ky. to prove their 
claims for loss or damages by U. S. sol- 
diers, or fo.r forage and supplies furnished 
same without proper vouchers." Sus- 
pends the running of the statute of limita- 
tions since May 1, 1861, in 13 counties 



n-imed Establishes a claim agency 

for Ky. at Washington city 22— Re- 
stores citizenship, if lost under the act of 
March 11, 1862, to any who volunteer or 

enlist in the Federal army Returns 

thanks to Col. Chas. S. Hanson, Lieut. 
Col. Ben. J. Spalding, and their command 
for gallant defense of Lebanon, July 5! 
1863, against Gen. John H. Morgan's 

Confedeijite forces Protests against 

the enlistment of Ky. negroes into the 
U. S. army, and requests the President to 
remove negro-soldiers' camps from the 

limits or borders of the state Affixes 

fine of $100 to $5,000, and from 3 to 12 
months imprisonment in county jail, for 
certain " disloyal and treasonable prac- 
tices" — aiding, encouraging, or harborin" 
Confederate or rebel soldiers or guerrillas"; 
exciting, either by speech or writing, re- 
bellion against the U. S. or Ky.; failing to 
give information of raids, Ac; and debars 
from practicing law any lawyers guilty of 

f^rao. "Provides a civil remedy for 

injuries done by disloyal persons." 

Provides the manner of Ky. soldiers'iii 
U. S. service voting for U. S. president 

and vice president Punishes, by fine 

of $500 for each recruit and by imprison- 
ment from 2 to 6 months, any recruiting 
for any military or naval service except 
that of Ky. or U. S. 

Feb. 7— The new National bank notes 
at a discount of one to two per cent, in 
Louisville, and not bankable. 

Feb. 10—10,112 sheep, valued at $2 
each, killed by dogs, last year, in Ky. 

Feb. 12— The military committees in 
congress refuse to pay for two bridges on 
the Louisville and Bardstown turnpike, 
burnt by order of Gen. Wm. Nelson in 
order to delay Gen. Bragg's Confederate 
forces in the invasion of Oct. 1862— upon 
the ground that all such claims should be 
postponed until the end of the war. 

Feb. 13— U. S. senate adopts the reso- 
lution of Mr. Powell, of Ky., directing 
the secretary of war to transmit to that 
body all instruction issued from his de- 
partment to provost marshals in Ky. con- 
cerning the elections in this state. 

Feb. 14— The military orders prohibit- 
ing the distillation of grain in the state 
revoked. 

Feb. 19— The house of representatives, 
by 74 to 3, passes an act levying 10 cents 
on each $100, to create a relief fund for 
disabled soldiers, for the families of sol- 
diers, and for the widows and orphans of 
soldiers. It fails to receive action in the 
senate. 

Feb. 22, 23— Meeting at Louisville of 
a Border State "Freedom" convention, 
Wm. P. Thomasson president ; about 100 
delegates from 4 states — Ky., Missouri, 
Tennessee, and Arkansas. 

Feb. 23— Kentucky university huilding, 
at Harrodsburg, destroyed by fire. 

Feb. 25— Maj. Gen. Thos. L. Critten- 
den honorably acquitted of all charges 
against him, by the court of inquiry at 
Louisville. ^ ^ 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1864. 



Feb. 29— Jas. B. Fry, V. S. provost 
marshal general, orders the enrollment, 
without delay, of all colored males of mil- 
itary age. 

March 1— Judge Ballard, of the U. S. 
district court at Louisville, having decided 
that any person taking the oath prescribed 
in the President's recent amnesty proc- 
Ijimation, and having same recorded, is 
thereby pardoned of anything standing 
against him, Thos. C. Shacklett, now 
confined in jail under conviction of treason, 
takes the oath and is released. 

March 3— Mnj. A. G. Hnmilton, 12th 
Ky. cavalry, Capt. Jas. A. Johnson, 11th 
Ky. cavalry, Lieut. Ed. Knoble, 21st Ky. 
infantry, reach home; having escaped, 
with 104 other officers, through a tunnel 
57 feet long and 3 feet in diameter, which 
occupied 45 nights in digging, from Libby 
prison, at Richmond, Va.; about half of 
them were recaptured. 

March 4— Brig. Gen. Stephen G. Bur- 
bridge, commander of the department of 
Ky. since Feb. 15, orders all impressed 
negroes to be released from their work 
and sent home to their owners. 

March 10— Col. Frank Wolford, upon 
being presented by citizens of F.ayette 
CO. with a splendid sword, sash, pistols 
and spurs, at Lexington, makes a political 
speech — in which be denounces the order 
for enrollment of negroes in Ky. as "un- 
constitutional, unjust, another of a series 
of startling usurpations ;" " it is the duty 
of the people of Ky. to resist it as a vio- 
lation of their guaranteed rights ;" " the 
people of Ky. did not want to keep step 
to the 'music of the Union,' alongside of 
negro soldiers — it was an insult and a 
degradation for which their free and 
manly spirits were not prepared ; while it 
involved an infraction of the rights of the 
; the duty of the gov- 



-under his oath to s 



?P' 



rt the ( 



stitution and see the laws faithfully exe- 
cuted — to resist with all the constitutional 
power of the Commonwealth." [The 
speech excites quite a sensation, at home 
and abroad, and leadf to Col. Wolford's 
arrest, upon the charge of speaking dis- 
respectfully of the President; he is sub- 
sequently released, and ordered to report 
in person at Nashville to Gen. Grant, but 
at his request President Lincoln restores 

March 12— Mrs. John Lott, of Muh- 
lenburg CO., gives birth to four bouncing 
boys ; less than eleven months ago she 
gave birth to twins — making six within 

March 14 — President Lincoln calls for 
200,000 more troops, and orders a draft 
soon after April 15 for any deficiency. 

March 15 — Guv, Bramlette, by procla- 
mation, recommends the people to submit 
quietly to the negro enrollment, and "trust 
the American people to do us the justice 
which the present congress may not do." 

March 20— Dr. L. Herr, of Lexington, 
sells for $10,000 his trotting stallion Mem- 
brino Pilot, to H. H. Harrison, of Chicago. 



March 21— Col. Cunningham's negro 
soldiers at Paducah "conscript" some 
negro hands on the steamer Carrie Jacobs ; 
the boat officers and crew resist, and ap- 
peal to white soldiers for help ; a bloody 
fight ensues between the latter and the 
negro soldiers, and several are badly 
wounded on each side. 

March 21 — Court house at Morehead, 
Rowan co., and that at Owingsville, Bath 
CO., destroyed by fire ; the former the 
work of an incendiary, the latter from the 
carelessness of Federal soldiers. 

Slarch 21 — At a public meeting at Dan- 
ville, Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge 
said " he was an emancipationist, although 
a large slaveholder; he had two sons in 
the Union army and two in the rebel 
army, and would not have them killed for 
the value of all the slave property in the 
world ; there were other interests in Ky.; 
he had been called to Frankfort to consult 
with Gov. Bramlette about the course to 
be pursued in reference to the enrollment 
of slaves here ; the state officers were de- 
termined to obey, as they were bound to 
do, the laws passed and orders issued upon 
that subject ; he had seen the proclama- 
tion which had done so much to quiet the 
public apprehension issued, and that, too, 
when the governor had already prepared a 
different one ; he was bound, as a gentle- 
man, to support that proclamation, al- 
though it did not exactly suit him ; it an- 
swered, bowever, a good purpose ; it foiled 
one part of the scheme to bloodily baptize 
Ky. into the Southern Confederacy ; this 
scheme he understood to embrace an 
emeute of the Ky. troops in consequence 
of Wolford's arrest, and a general rising 
in the state, strengthened by a cotem- 
poraneous invasion by a portion of the 
rebel army ; the conspiracy — of whose ex- 
istence the proof was overwhelmingly 
strong — had failed, so far as the defection 
of Ky. soldiers and the uprising of the 
people was concerned." 

March 22— Gov. Bramlette, Archibald 
Dixon, and Albert G. Hodges, leave 
Frankfort for Washington city, to " inter- 
view" the President upon the subject of 
the enrollment of negroes. They com- 
promise their diS'erences — the governor 
assenting to the enrollment ; but no en- 
listments of negro seldiers to take place 
unless Ky. fails to furnish her quota of 
white men. 

March 25, 26— Large Confederate cav- 
alry force under MdJ. Gen. N. B. Forrest 
attacks P.aducah, at 2 p. M. Col. S. G. 
Hicks, with battalions of the 122d Illinois, 
16th Ky. cavalry, and 1st Ky. heavy ar- 
tillery, 220 negroes— 655 strong in all- 
retires into Fort Anderson, and refuses 
the demand for a surrender. The Con- 
federates make several desperate charges 
upon the ftfrt, but are repulsed. Their 
sharpshooters keep up the firing until late 
at night upon the fort and gunboats, shel- 
tering themselves behind the houses. The 
U. S. gunboats Peosta and Paw-Paw aid 
in the defense. Col. Hicks, when the 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



133 



Confederiites returned next morning, sets 
fire to some 25 buildings within mus- 
ket range, to destroy tlieir shelter, but 
they did not renew the attack. Federal 
loss 14 killed, 46 wounded, and 40 prison- 
ers ; Confederate loss considerable, but 
not known ; several citizens killed or 
wounded. The headquarters, quarter- 
master's and commissary's buildings, with 
their stores, the railroad depot, marine 
railway, and steamer Dacotah, burnt by 
the Confederates, and much pillaging 
done. Many other buildings burned or 
greatly injured by the Federal artillery. 

March 28— Most valuable portion of 
New Liberty, Owen co., destroyed by fire ; 
loss $120,000. 

April 4— Lieut. Gov. Richard T. Jacob 
and Col. Frank Wolford make speeches at 
Paris, opposing negro enlistments, &q. 

April 6— Death, near Lexington, of 
Mrs. Lucretia Clay, widow of Henry 
Chiy, aged 8.3. Her husband's remains, 
after 12 years' interment, were removed, 
and the two buried beneath the beautiful 
monument erected to bis memory in the 
Lexington cemetery. The wreath of im- 
mortellea placed upon his coSin at Wash- 
ington, in 1852, by the gifted poetess Mrs. 
Ann S. Stephens, was found to be in an 
almost perfect state of preservation. 

April 8 — 1.3 houses in the business por- 
tion of Harrodsburg burned ; loss $50,- 
000. 

April 13 — Gen. Euford's Confederate 
cavalry demands the surrender of Colum- 
bus, Hickman co., which Col. Lawrence 
refuses; and reinforcements coming up by 
steamer, the Confederates soon retire. 

April 13 — Short engagement at Paints- 
ville, Johnson co.; Confederates retreat. 

April 14— Col. Gallup, with 400 of his 
14th Ky. under Lieut. Col. Jos. R. Brown, 
and 400 of the 39th Ky. mounted infantry 
under Col. David A. Mims, surprise a Con- 
federate force of 600 in camp at Half 
Mountain on the Licking river, in Ma- 
Col'. Ezekiel F. Clay), and capture 



70 1 



April 15—78 gu 



tack Boon 



Owsley 



but 



by 



the citizens. 

April 15— Rev. Calvin Fairbanks, who 
has served 12 years out of 15 for which he 
was sentenced to the penitentiary for en- 
ticing away slaves, pardoned by Lieut.Gov. 
Jacob — acting as governor, in the absence 
of Gov. Bramlette at Nashville, Tenn., to 
consult Gen. Sherman. 

April 18 — Gen. Burbridge issues general 
order No. 34 for the enlistment of able- 
bodied negroes in Ky 



nediately 



forwarded 

)f instruction outside of the si 
of slaves accepted as recruits, to 
such certificates as will enable 

1 receive the compensation author- 

22— Letter from Gov. Bramlette 
A. G. Hodges, reports, as result of 
to Washington, a change of esti- 



mate for quota to the present population 
of the state, omitting those who ha.7o 
gone South ; appointing the present com- 
mander of the district of Ky., Brig. Gen. 
Stephen G. Burbridge, as supervisor of 
enrollment and draft, with power to cor- 
rect the offensive courses complained of, 
and confine it within the law; and other 
minor changes. 

April 24— Thos. F. Marshall under mil- 
itary arrest for several days. 

April 25 — Frank Beresford contracts to 
furnish to the government 1,000 cattle at 
$13.44 per hundred— an average of $94 
May I— Aleck Webster, late of Mose 
Webster's band, returned home to work, 
at his father's, near Crittenden, Grant co. ; 
is arrested by soldiers of Capt. Thos. W. 
Hardiman's Co., 55th Ky. — who receive 
orders to "lose him on the way ;" they 
tempt him to escape, then shoot him down 
like a dog, and bury him in his clothes, 
near the roadside. 

May 6— Near Morganfield. Union co., 14 
guerrillas killed and 13 severely wounded. 
May 11 — Violent snow-storm at Cov- 
ington. 

May 12— Gen. Burbridge orders that 
hereafter ** contractors will not be allowed 
to have rebel partners or agents in the 
performance of their contracts ; none but 
citizens of unquestionable loyalty will be 
given employment or contracts." 
May 13— Military draft in Ky. 
May 13 — Gov. Bramlette issues the 
following : 

Frankfort, May 13, 1864. 
Kcntuckians I to the rescue 1 I want 
10,000 six months' troops at once. Do 
not hesitate to come. I will lead you. 
Let us help to finish this war and save 
our government. 

Thos. E. Bramlette, Gov. of Ky. 

May 14 — Gen. Burbridge, in gener.il 

order No. 39, interdicts the circulation of 

the "Life of Stonewall Jackson" and 

ilar books, and threatens the seller 

i-eof with arrest and with confiscation 

of his stock of books. 

May 16 — Maj. Sidell, acting assistant 
provost marshal for Ky., announces that 
acceptable negroes will be received as 
substitutes for white men." 

May 18 — Gold in New York 82Kc. 

May 22— R. Aitcheson Alexander, of 
Woodford Co., sells to W. Winter, of Cali- 
for the extraordinary price of 
$16,001, his 3-year old colt Norfolk, by 
Lexington. Mr: A. had some years be- 
fore paid $15,000 for his sire Lexington. 
May 25—" Union Democratic " state 
onvention in session at Louisville ; 
peeches by Col. Frank Wolford, Lieut. 
Gov. Richard T. Jacob, Richard H. Han- 
d John B. Huston ; delegates to 
Chicago national convention instructed to 
for Gen. Geo. B. McClellan and Gov. 
Thos. B. Bramlette'as nominees for pres- 
ident and vice president. 

May 25 — " Unconditional Union" state 
nvcntion, at Louisville, is addressed by 



134 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1864. 



Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, D. D., 
Judge Rufus K. Williams, Col. Benj. H. 
Bristow, Curtis F. Burnam, and Lucien 
Anderson. The unanimous expression 
was for the renomination of Abraham 
Lincoln as president. Rev. Dr. Breckin- 
ridge is one of the delegates for the state 
at large to the Baltimore national con- 
Tention. 

June 1 — Col. Frank Wolford, who was 
recently ''dishonorably dismissed from 
the U. S. military service for speaking 



I regii 



June 1— Guerrillas visit Stanton, Pow- 
ell CO., burn the jail and turn over tbe 
clerk's office ; they destroyed the court 
house previously. 

June — Gen. Washburne, commanding 
district of West Tennessee, issues an order 
that " the people of that disloyal region, 
Western Ky., will not be allowed to sell 
their cotton and tobacco, or purchase sup- 
plies, until they show some friendship for 
the U. S. government, by driving out the 
guerrillas and irregular bands of Confed- 
erate soldiers who pay them frequent 
visits." 

June 2— Brig. Gen. John H. Morgan 
enters Ky. from Va. at Pound Gap, 
Letcher CO., on his last or "June raid," 
with about 2,400 men in three brigades: 
1st, 1,050 men under Col. Giltner ; 2d, 
550 under Lieut. Col. Alston; and 3d, 
800 (dismounted) under Col. D. Howard 
Smith, the battalions commanded respect- 
ively by Lieut. Col. Martin and Maj. Geo. 
R. Diamond ; the latter march from 22 to 
27 miles per day (230 miles in 10 days); 
after June 6th they are commanded by 
Lieut. Col. Martin, Col. Smith having 
been transferred to the 2d brigade. Brig. 
Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge, with a large 
Federal force, is at the mouth of Beaver, 
beyond Piketon, Pike co., when Morgan's 
forces slip by on the road through Comp- 
ton, Wolfe CO., to Mountsterling. 

June 2 — State tobacco fair at Louis- 
ville ; sales of tobacco at Spratt's ware- 
house, to-day, $82,474 ; one premium hogs- 
head sells for $4,630, being at $4:90 per 
pound, and several others at prices from 
$1:50 to $2:00 per pound. 

June 6 — Inspector-general Daniel W. 
Lindsey issues an order by direction of 
Gov. Bramlette, postponing the draft or- 
dered for June 11— "in view of tbe 
scarcity of labor, and the fact that the 
citizens have so patriotically and nobly 
responded to the late call for six-months' 
men." The regiments of enrolled militia 
throughout the state are to be organized 
for emergencies. 

June 6— Population of Covington 18,- 
717, and of Lexington 9,383. 

June 6— Negro volunteering at Lexing- 
ton brisk; 110 volunteer in two days. 

June 7 — Col. Cunningham, command- 
ing negro troops at Paducah, makes a raid 
into Union Co., and impresses a steamboat 



load of negroes into U. S. service : From 
John Cabell 8, John C. Atkinson 15, 
Hon. Archibald Dixon 13, Geo. Atkinson 
23, D. R. Burbank 60, Mr. Givens of 
Paducah 10, various owners at Uniontown 
27— total 168. He was accompanied by 2 
gunboats — to hefp persuade the owners to 
consent to the raid. 

June 8 — Morgan's forces capture Mount- 
sterling, after a stubborn resistance by 
Capt. Edward C. Barlow, 40th Ky. in- 
fantry, with about 70 men ; they plunder 
the citizens freely, obtaining some $80,000 
from the Farmers' Branch Bank. Leav- 
ing his dismounted men in camp, Morgan 
marches towards Lexington. 

June 8— Maj. Chenoweth's (Morgan's) 
cavalry burn the Keller's bridge north of 
Cynthiana, and the Townsend and several 
other bridges south of that place on the 
Ky. Central railro.ad. Other detachments 
burn turnpike bridges, and the bridge 
over Bensiin creek beyond Frankfort on 
the Louisville railroad, and cut the tele- 
graph wires in all directions. 

June 8 — Capt. Peter Everett's company 
of Morgan's cavalry make a raid on 
Flemingsburg and Maysville ; seizing 
horses and small amounts from stores, 
killing one man, and near Maysville burn- 
ing the Fair ground buildings, which 
cost $20,000, and the bridge over the North 
Fork of Licking at the Lexington turnpike. 

June 9— Gen. Burbridge, with Col. 
Chas. S. Hanson's 37th Ky., Col. John 
Mason Brown's 45th Ky., and part of Col. 
David A. Mims' 39th Ky. mounted in- 
fantry in the lead— after a remarkable 
march of 90 miles in 30 hours— at day- 
break surprises and dashes into the camp 
of Morgan's men near Mountsterling, as 
they lie asleep, unwarned by the pickets. 
Springing to their arms, a desperate fight 
ensues, and the Federals are driven out 
of the camp ; but, reinforced in over- 
whelming numbers, return and drive the 
Confederates— the latter under Col. Mar- 
tin cutting their way through Mountster- 
ling, which was already occupied by the 
Federals. Col. Giltner's forces, turning 
back, meet them two miles west of town, 
when they renew the fight with deter- 
mined energy ; Martin's ammunition giv- 
ing out, they withdraw unpursued towards 
Lexington. Confederate loss 14 officers 
and 40 privates killed, about 120 wounded, 
and 150 prisoners. Federal loss stated at 
8 killed, 20 wounded, and 50 missing, but 
probably much greater. 

June 9 — About 11 p. >i., Morgan's 
forces demand tbe surrender of Lexing- 
ington, which is rofused by Col. Wickliffe 
Cooper, 4th Ky. cavalry, in command, 
with a sm.all force; after fighting for a 
time, he falls back to Fort Clay in the 
suburbs, but is not ag.ain attacked. A 
portion of Morgan's men rob the stores and 
citizens, seize $10,000 from the Branch 
Bank of Ky., and numbers of fine horses. 

June 10, 11 — Morgan's main force, pass- 
ing through Georgetown, reaches Cynthi- 
ana about daylight, Saturday, June 11, 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



and after a brisk fight, captures the gar- 
rison ; his troops set fire to several houses 
from which they had been fired upon— the 
flames spreading and burning over 25 
houses, with $200,000 worth of property. 
Sending a force below Keller's bridge, he 
intercepts a train with Gen. Hobson and 
500 Ohio troops and 300 horses, which are 
captured after a gallant engagement. 
June 10, 11— Lieut. Col. Pryor's Con- 



federi 



t. Y, 



u may order all post and dis- 
anders that guerrillas are not 
t wild beasts, unknown to the 



avalry (part of Morgan 
, and, a surrender being refused, 
unsuccessful assaults upon the 



i)d to 



W. 



wilh J.)0 regular troops and enrolled mili- 
tia (including Gov. Bramlette and other 
leading citizens), makes a gallant defense 
of the city. 

June 12— Gen. Eurbridge, with the same 
force which defeated part of Morgan's 
troops at Mountsterling, overtakes them, 
about 1,200 strong, at Cynthiana about 
daylight on Sunday, and immediately 
attacks. The Confederates, although 
many are entirely out of ammunition, 
fight for an hour with great desperation ; 
but are overpowered and driven out of 
town in several directions ; losing, besides 
the killed and wounded, over 300 prison- 
ers. Part of Morgan's force escapes 
through Scott co., while he leads the main 
force, after paroling some 600 prisoners 
taken on the 10th, on the ClaysviUe and 
Augusta road, through Mayslick, Mason 
CO., on the same night, and Flemingsburg 
next morning. His raid has proved de- 
cidedly disastrous. 

June 12— The U. S. secretary of war 
reports to congress that, "in his judg- 
ment, a military necessity does not exist 
for a railroad from Danville, Ky., to 
Kno.'iville, Tenn." ^ ' 

June 18 — Capt. Bowling's guerrillas 
make a raid on Cadiz, Trigg co. 

June 18 — Gen. Burbridge, by general 
order, prohibits the circulation in Ky , 
" by sale or otherwise, of the Cincinnati 
Enquirer, a newspaper in the interest of 
the rebellion, and of all other papers of 
like character." '^ 

June 20— Gen. Burbridge decides not to 
give up to any but owners who prove their 
loyalty, the horses recaptured from Mor- 
gan at Cynthiana. 

June 21— Guerrillas visit Brandenburg, 
Meade co. 

_ June 21— Maj. Gen. Wm. T. Sherman, 
' cadquarters in Georgia, addresses a 
f instruction to Brig. Gen. Burbridge, 
amanding division of Ky. He says : 
' Before starting on this campaign, I 
. Bramlette to at once organize 
in each county a small trustworthy band, 
under the sheriffs, and at one dash arrest 
every man in the community who was 
dangerous to it; and also every fellow 
hanging about the towns, villages, and 
cross-roads who had no honest calling— 
the materi.al out of which guerrillas are 
made up ; but this sweeping exhibition of 
power doubtless seemed to the governor 
rather arbitrary 



00 or 400— I will caus 
the Mississippi, thn 
gauntlet, and by a s 



letter 



asked Go 



trict comr 
soldiers, b 

usages of war 

" 3d. Your military commanders, provost 

marshals, and other agents, may arrest all 

males and females who have encouraged 

or harbored guerrillas and robbers, and 

you may cause them to be collected in 

Louisville; and when you have enough— 

them to be sent 

gh their guer- 

ling ship send 

them to a land where they may take their 

negroes and make a colony, with laws and 

a future of their own." 

June 22— Ex-Governor Powell's resolu- 
tion, in the U. S. Senate, in relation to 
the military suppression of the Cincinnati 
Enquirer in Ky., defeated by 3 to 29. 

June 23— Maj. Wm. W. Bradley acquit- 
ted by court-martial at Chattanooga of the 
charge of murder in killing Lieut. Col. 
Thos. T. Vimont (both of 7th Ky. cav- 
slry,) on Jan. 16, 1864, in a quarrel. 
June 27 — A squad from Lieut. Ranton'a 
Co., 30th Ky., kills young Martin, near 
Crittenden, Grant co. 

June 29— Gold in New York sells at 
$260 in greenbacks for $100 in gold. 

July 1—2,151 " rebel " prisoners trans- 
ferred, during the month of June, from 
the military prisons in Louisville to pris- 
ons north of the Ohio river. 

July 1— Great fire in Louisville, on 
Main street between 8th and 9th ; loss 
$1,500,000, of which $800,000 worth of 
government stores. 

July 1 — Congress repeals the law pro- 
hibiting traffic in gold, by a vote in the 
senate of 24 to 13, and in the house of 88 
to 29. 

July 3 — Gen. Burbridge issues an order 
requiring all prisoners captured and par- 
oled by Morgan's forces to report to their 
regiments for service immediately — said 
paroles "having been given in violation 
of orders from the U. S. war department." 
July 5 — President Lincoln, alarmed at 
the prevalence of Confederate and guer- 
rilla raids into Ky., suspends the writ of 
habeas corpus, and proclaims martial law 
in the state. 

July —Death at Washington city of 
Brig. Gen. Jas. P. Taylor, commissary 
general of subsistence of the U. S. army ; 
he was a brother of the late President, 
Gen. Zachary Taylor, and entered the 
service from Ky. in 1813. 

July 10— Col. Frank Wolford arrives at 
Louisville from Washington city under 
parole, to await a military trial for "lan- 
guage said to have been used by him at 
Lebanon," embraced in 13 charges. 

July 10— R. Aitcheson Alexander, of 
Woodford co., sells two fine stallions at 
$17,000 and $7,500. 

July 11— Guerrillas attack Elizabeth- 
town, Hardin co., but are repulsed. 

July 11— Guerrillas dash into Hender- 
ion, plunder the stores, and shoot James 
E. Rankin, a merchant. [See next page.] 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



July 7 — Convention of the " friends of 
the administration " at Frankfort to select 
a candidate forjudge of the court of ap- 
peals in the 2d appellate district. Morti- 
mer M. Benton, of Covington, {who, it is 
stated, was a warm sympathizer with the 
South when the rebellion began), is nomi- 
nated over Wm. W. Trimble, of Cyn- 
thiana. 

July 11— Gold opened in New York city 
at 288, but closed at 277. 

July 11— Gov. Bramlette's letter to Col. 
Richard T. Jacob alludes to information 
just received from the latter, and learned 
for the first time, that Col. Frank Wolford's 
arrest was upon a charge of " discouraging 
enlistments," and adds : *' If this arrest 
was for apolitical offense we have suffi- 
cient material in Ky. for hostages — among 
those who favor and urge such arrests. 
The loyal people of Ky. cannot be pro- 
voked or driven into rebellion against the 
government; but in self-defense might 
justly retaliate political arrests — upon 
those who, among our own citizens, urge or 
provoke political arrests, and seek to in- 
augurate political terrorism. Kentuckians 
must be Dcrmitted to hold and express 
theifr own' political sentiments, without 
being restrained by arrests. But the un- 
restricted privilege of expressing political 



ith our polil 



advocating or opposing any cai 



ididate for 
in the advocacy or opposition 
to any measure of policy for conducting 
the government. Our political liberty 
requires the suppression of treason as a 
means of maintaining our freedom of 
speech and free elections." 

July 12 to 19— Geo. N. Sanders, for- 
merly of Ky., now of " Dixie," writes 
from Niagara Falls, Canada, to Horace 
Greeley, New York, proposing a " peace 
conference," if Clement C. Clay, jr., and 
J. Halcombe, as Confederate commission- 
ers, be tendered safe conduct to Washing- 
ton to meet President Lincoln. After sev- 
eral days' preliminary negotiation, the 
latter mentions terms which the former 
refuse to entertain, and they remain in 
Canada. 

July 13— Gold in New York 273. 
July 14— Gold in New York falls to 
258>g. 

July 15— Over 12.000 negroes have 
been taken out of Ky. and enlisted else- 
July 15 — It is just made public, through 
a letter from Wm. G. (" Parson ") Brown- 
low to his Knoxville Whig, that the Ky. 
delegation to the Baltimore national con- 
vention which nominated President Lin- 
coln for re-election, went to Washington 
city and called in a body upon the Presi- 
dent. Through R6v. Dr. Robert J. Breck- 
inridge as their spokesman, they entered 
their protest against the raising of troops 
in Ky. for home defense, and especially 
against the placing of them under com- 
mand of Gov. Bramlette and Col. Wolford. 



July — The Ky. members of congress 
at Washington city call upon President 
Lincoln and request him to rescind the 
order of Gen. Burbridge arresting Col. 
Frank Wolford ; to which Mr. Lincoln 
replies that he will not depart from the 
policy before pursued concerning Vallan- 
digham. Col. Wolford is sent, on parole, 
to Ky. for his trial. 

July 16— Brevet Maj. Gen. Stephen 
G. Burbridge issues " general orders No. 
59," " for the suppression of guerrillas." 
Among other stringent measures or threats 
are these : 

" Rebel sympathizers living within five 
miles of any scene of outrage committed 
by armed men not recognized as public 
enemies by the rules and usages of war" 
[guerrillas] " will be liable to be arrested 
and sent beyond the limits of the United 
States. 

** So much of the property of rebel sym- 
pathizers as may be necessary to indem- 
nify the government or loyal citizens for 
losses incurred by the acts of such lawless 
men, will be seized and appropriated for 
this purpose. 

" Wherever an unarmed Union citizen 
is murdered, four guerrillas will be se- 
lected from the prisoners in the hands of 
the military .authorities, and publicly shot 
to death in the most convenient place near 
the scene of outrage." 

July 15- Out of over 1,000 men drafted 
in Kenton co. only 21 have given personal 
service ; and only 8 out of a similar num- 
ber drafted in Campbell co. 

July 16 — Gov. Hahn removes Judge 
Wm. AV. Handlin (late of Ky.), of the 3d 
district court ot New Orleans — because he 
decided, in a case, that the institution of 
slavery still exists in the parish of New 
Orleans and in the State of Louisiana. 

July 16 — Two negro regiments have 
been org.-inized at Louisville, and 6 or 7 
are being organized at Camp Nelson, Jes- 

July 18— President Lincoln orders out 
500,000 more troops, and a draft on Sept. 
5th for any deficiency. 

July 18—24 women and children reach 
Louisville military prison, being arrested 
and sent there by Gen. Sherman — who 
orders them sent down the river to New 
Orleans, and thence by sea out of the 
country. 

July 19— Brig. Gen. E. A. Paine as- 
sumes command at Paducah, and begins a 
fifty-one days' reign of violence, terror, 
rapine, extortion, oppression, bribery, and 
military murders. 

July 19— Two young men, named Powell 
and Thompson, sent from the military 
prison at Louisville to Henderson, and 
shot in retaliation for the shooting of Jas. 
E. Rankin, a few days ago. [Mr. Rankin 
recovered, and refused to receive any part 
of the $18,000 forcibly collected off his 
neighbors, to pay him his losses by guer- 
rillas.] 

July 20 to 25— Some "Unconditional 
Union " candidates for office furnish to 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



137 



the military the names of men whom they 
desire arrested, in order to secure their 
own election ; the arrests are made accord- 
ingl}'- 

July 21—16 guerrillas under Capt. Dick 
Yates ambush a detachment of Daviess co. 
home guards, at Rough creek, Ohio co., 
killing 4 and wounding 1. 

July 22 — Mr. Kobinson killed by guer- 
rillas at his home on Eagle creek, Scott 
CO., near Owen co. line. 27th— Gen Bur- 
bridge sends a detail of Federal soldiers 
there, with a captured guerrilla to be shot 
upon the spot, in retaliation. 

July 24— The U. S. secretary of war 
issues "order No. 25 : " 1. If the owners 
of slaves who have left their service, and 
taken refuge in the camps, or resorted to 
the towns, desire them to become soldiers 
in the U. S. service, they have only to in- 
dicate this desire to the provost marshals, 
who will arrest the negroes and put them 
in the service [not return them to their 
owners] ; 2. All Ky. negroes who have run 
off or have been persuaded oif to adjoin- 
ing States, to be enlisted for the sake of 
bounty of which they get only a small 
part or none, are " requested " to be 
seized and enlisted in Ky. regiments. 

July 21— Severe drouth j since May 27, 
69 days, only two inches and forty-three 
hundredths of rain have fallen. 

July 26 — Gen. Burbridge issues order 
No. 61, commanding any persons banished 
from Missouri or other states to leave Ky. 
within 20 days, and not return during the 

July 25 — Gibson Mallory, state senator 
from Jefferson co., killed at 11 p. m., 5 
miles from Louisville, by a soldier, who 
was arrested, but discharged by Gen. Bur- 
bridge. 

July 29— Three days before the annual 
state election. Gen. Burbridge issues the 
following order, and a similar one to the 
sheriff of every county in the 2d appellate 
district: 

HEADQtJARTERS DISTRICT OF Kt., "j 

First Division 27th Army Corps, \ 
Lexington, Ky., July 29, 1864. J 
To the Sheriff of Kenton co., Independence, 
Kentucky: 

You will not allow the name of Alvin 
Duvall to appear upon the poll-books as a 
candidate for oflSce at the coming election. 

By order of Maj. Gen. Burbridge. 
J. Bates Dickson, Capt. and A. A. G. 

July 29— Two alleged guerrillas sent 
from prison in Louisville to Russeilville, 
Logan CO., to be shot on the spot where a 
Mr. Porter died, in that county, from 
wounds while resisting the outrages of 
guerrillas. 

July 28 to Aug. 11—" Under Gen. Sher- 
man's instructions to Gen. Burbridge, and 
partly upon Gen. Carrington's information 
to Gov. 0. P. Morton, of Indiana," Gen. 
Burbridge orders the arrest of citizens, 
many of them leading and prominent, in 
many counties — among them the following: 

City of Louisville and Jefferson co. — 
Joshua F. Bullitt (chief justice ofKy.), 



Dr. Henry F. Kalfus (ex-Maj. 15th Ky. 
Federal infantry), W. K. Thomas, Alfred 
Harris, G. W. G. Payne, Jos. R. Buchanan, 
Thos. Jeffries, M. J. Paul, John Hines, 
John Colgan, Henry Stickrod, Michael 
Carroll, Wm. Fitzhenry, Erwin Bell, A. J. 
Brannon, Thos. Miller, A. J. Mitchell, 
John Rudd, Chas. J. Clarke, B. f. Red- 
ford, John H. Talbott, W. G. Gray. 

Gallatin co.— Dr. A. B. Chambers, Gar- 
rett Furnish. 

Boone co. — Dr. John Dulaney, Spencer 
Fish, Henry Terrell, Warren Rogers, Ed- 
mund Grant, and Jas. T. Grant. 

Kenton co. — Daniel Mooar, M. Duke 
Moore, John W. Leathers, Green Clark- 
son, W. D. F. Timbcrlake, F. M. North- 
cutt, Win. Coleman, W. W. Wilson, Rob- 
ert M. Carlisle, Samuel Howard. 

Warren co. — 22 men arrested and 
brought to Louisville, but their names 
suppressed by the military, 

Boyd CO.— Hon. Laban T. Moore. 

Livingston co.— Judge AViley P. Fow- 
ler, Reuben A. Cropton, John Lefler, C. 
Bennett, Theodore Davis, and Law. 

Owen CO.— Pascal Ayers, Jas. W. Baker. 

Judge Alvin Duvall, and many others 
who receive timely hints of or have reason 
to suspect the military plans, escape from 
the state and thereby avoid arrest. 

July 30— Gen. McDowell at San Fran- 
cisco orders the arrest of Bishop H. H. 
Kavanaugh, of Ky., of the Methodist E. 
Church South, on suspicion of being a 
Confederate emissary, but releases him 
after an examination. 

Aug. 1 — Election for sheriffs and some 
minor county or precinct officers, and for 
judge of the court of appeals in the 2d 
district. Alvin Duvall was a candidate 
for re-election, but forced off the track by 
the military edict above, and compelled to 
fly from the state and country to avoid 
arrest. He received a large vote in three 
counties which did not receive the military 
notice. Notwithstanding the track seemed 
thus adroitly and arbitrarily cleared for 
the success of Mortimer M. Benton, the 
Unconditional Union nominee, other 
Union men this morning brought out 
Judge Robertson as a candidate, tele- 
graphed the fact over the district, and he 
was elected — as follows : 



Anderson 99 43 

Boone 184 

Boyle 391 37 

Bracken 115 

Campbell 805 

Carroll 17 

Fayette 607 201 

Franklin 515 48 

Gallatin 68 

Garrard 476 162 

Grant 54 112 

Harrison 441 297 

Henry 151 34 



1,085 
1,989 
1,124 
2,151 
5,597 
916 
2,805 



1,.S81 
1,427 
2,183 
1,766 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1864 



Jessamine ... 
Kenton 


.. 233 


60 
920 
192 
5 
112 
506 

50 
5 

10 

17 


"225 
149 

'16.5 
533 
14 


1,299 
5,984 


Oldham 


.. 191 
.. 51 
.. 269 
.. 322 
.. 253 

" "225 


966 


Owen 


2,226 


Pendleton.... 
Scott 


2,037 
1,752 


Shelby* 

Trimble 

Woodford 


2,186 
818 
972 



Robertson's m.nj.442 Vote not cast.. 33,977 
In consequence of the above astounding 
TOte, Gov. Bramlette, Aug. 5, addresses to 
the sheriffs and ofBcers of election in those 
counties a circular, asking: 1. If they 
received an order from any military com- 
mander requiring them to exclude from 
the poll-books any candidate's name? 
and if so, send the order ; 2. If they 
obeyed the order, and what candidate was 
benefitted thereby ? 3. How many votes 
would the excluded candidate probably 
have received? and 4. Were the judges 
overawed by the presence or menace of 
soldiers, so as to interfere with free suf- 
frage, and a free and equal election ? 
Send all information bearing upon these 
points. 

Aug. 1 — Gen. Paine, in command at 
Paducah, issues an order levying a tax of 
$100,000 upon residents of his military 
district, nominally for the benefit of sol- 
diers' families living in western Ky. 

Aug. 4— The Louisville Journal inti- 
mates that a number of arrests have been 
made in Ky., but says it has been re- 
quested by the military not to publish the 

Aug. 6— The banks of the Cumberland 
river lined with guerrillas, who in conse- 
quence of the low water can board nearly 
every passing steamboat. 

Aug. 7— At Salem, Livingston co., Capt. 
Hugh M. Hiatt, with a detachment of 
48th Ky., successfully defends the old 
court house against Maj. Chenoweth's 
Confederate cavalry ; several killed and 
wounded on each side. 

Aug. 8 — The Louisville Democrat says : 
" It is thought strange that citizens render 
little or no active assistance against guer- 
rilla pnrlies, and their inaction is pun- 
ished by the military as dialoyalt)/. It 
may be patriotic and heroic to ta ke up arms 
or give information against them ; but who 
is to protect the man who does this, when 
the guerrillas assail him next day? If a 
citizen is to aid, let him be protected in 
it ; otherwise any expectation of his active 
help is unreasonable." 

Aug. 9— Squire Turner, a distinguished 
citizen of Richmond, Madison co., aged 
72, shot and dangerously wounded by Col. 
Shackleford. 

Aug. 10 — The Louisville Democrat says : 
"A large number of political prisoners 
are confined in the military barracks here, 
and the number is being increased daily 



by the arrival of prisoners arrested in 
other portions of the state." 

Aug. 10— Gen. Paine banishes from Pa- 
ducah to Canada, sending them under 
guard of negro soldiers as far as Cairo, 
the following : Mrs. Robert Woolfolk and 
family, 8 persons (Mr. Woolfolk having 
been banished by the same officer two 
weeks previously); Mrs. Hobbs ; Mrs. 
Melrouse and sister; Robert Shanklin ; 
and from Columbus, Mrs. Dowell, Mr. 
Malone, Geo. B. Moore, Pembroke Walker, 
Burns Walker, James Morton, R. E. 
Cooke, N. Cooke, Judge Vance, McKcan 
Hubbard, and Jas. Moore (late postmas- 
ter.) Most of them are leading mer- 
chants and property owners ; when ar- 
rested, their goods are seized and guards 
placed over them. Many others, to avoid 
arrest under Paine's reign of terror, aban- 
don their property and escape to Illinois. 

Aug. 11 — Col. Hartwell T. Burge's 
48th Ky. mounted infantry, " thoroughly 
mounted, by pressing horses from disloyal 
citizens upon disloi/al receipts, payable 
upon future proof of loyalty." So says 
Report of Adj. Gen. of Ky., vol. ii, p. 
489. 

Aug. 12 — Four guerrillas taken from 
Eminence to some point in the adjoining 
county to be shot. 

Aug. 13 — Guerrillas plunder 'VVestport, 
Oldham CO. 

Aug. 13— By order No. 63, Gen. Bur- 
bridge absolutely interdicts all shipments 
of produce or goods of any kind, either 
in, or through, or into the state — except 
upon permits issued, for 4 months, to per- 
sons of " well known loyalty," whose 
loyalty is established "by a board of five 
advisers, well known citizens of unques- 
tioned loyalty, respectability, and integ- 
rity, and who, in case of doubt, will take 
this oath : 

" I do solemnly swear that I have not, 
by word or action, given the slightest aid 
and comfort to the present rebellion ; and 
that by conversation and action I will do 
all I can to discourage, discountenance, 
and overthrow the rebellion, and will use 
my influence to restore the authority of 
the government of the United States over 
the states now in rebellion." 

The carriers of goods without such per- 
mit to be arrested and imprisoned, and the 
goods themselves to be seized and the 
owners' names reported to Gen. Bur- 
bridge's headquarters for further dispo- 

Aug. 15— Geo. W. Wainsoott, Wm. Lin- 
genfelter, and John W. Lingenfelter exe- 
cuted at Williamstown, Grant co., by or- 
der of Gen. Burbridge— in retaliation for 
the murder of Joel Skirvin and Andrew 
Simpson, by guerrillas. 

Aug. 15 — Richmond Berry and May 
Hamilton taken to Bloomfield, Nelson co., 
to be executed— in retaliation for the kill- 
ing at that place of J. R. Jones by guer- 
rillas. 

Aug. 16 — At a fair given by negroes in 
Louisville, the police capture all the males 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



list, some set to work on the fortificatii 
and others discharged. 

Aug. 19 — Gen. Hovey, of Indiana 
troops, levies $32,000 on citizens in and 
around Morganiield, Union co., nomi- 
nally *' to remunerate the government for 
losses sustained by frequent guerrilla 
raids." 

Aug. 19— Col. T. G. Woodward, with 
200 Confederate cavalry, attacks Hopkins- 
ville, Christian co., but is fatally wounded 
and his force repulsed by Lieut. Wm. M. 
Beson, with a detachment of 52d Ky. 
mounted infantry. 

Aug. 20— By order of Brig. Gen. Ew- 
ing, J. Bloom, J. H. Cave (of Shelby co.), 
and W. B. McClasshan — imprisoned at 
Louisville as guerrillas and bushwhack- 
ers — are taken under strong guard to 
Franklin, Simpson co., to be executed; in 
retaliation, it is said, for some Union citi- 
zens shot by guerrillas. After reaching 
there, an order comes to send Cave back, 
but at 6 p. M. the others are blindfolded 
and shot to death ; Bloom declaring his 
innocence to the last, and that he never 
belonged to a guerrilla band, while Mc- 
Classhan refused to say anything about it. 

Aug. 20 — Guerrillas burn the railroad 
depot at Woodburn, Warren co. 

Aug. 20— Col. Adam R. Johnson's Con- 
federate cavalry repulsed at Morganfield, 

Aug. 20—11 shares Northern Bank of 
Ky. stock sold at Le.xingto.n, at $161}-2. 

Aug. 21 — Col. Adam R. Johnson's Con- 
federate cavalry repulsed at Prince- 
ton, Caldwell co., with 4 killed and 4 
wounded. 

Aug. 23 — Camp Nelson having been for 
several months a rendezvous for runaway 
negroes — the men forced into the army, 
and the women fed on government rations 
and generally idle — Gen. Speed Smith 
Fry issues order No. 19, expelling all 
Kenlucky negro women (but not those from 
Tennessee and other states) from camp. 
** All officers having negro women in their 
employment will deliver them up to the 
patrol to be brought to these headquarters. 
Any one attempting to evade this order 
will be arrested and punished." 

Aug. 23—16 colored soldiers, 117th U. S., 
captured at Jex's Landing, Carroll co., 3 
miles above Ghent on the Ohio river, by 
Col. Geo. M. Jessee's Confederate force. 

Aug. 23 — Near Wallonia, Trigg co.. 
Col. Adam R. Johnson wounded and cap- 
tured, in a skirmish between his cavalry 
and the 4Slh Ky. The wound makes him 
entirely blind. 

Aug. 24— At Canton, Trigg co., Col. 
Adam R. Johnson's Confederate cavalry 
overtaken by the 48th Ky., and after a 
brisk skirmish defeated and dispersed. 

Aug. 25 — Gen. Burbridge, by telegraph, 
" removes the restrictions of trade at 
Louisville, so far as concerns marketing." 

Aug. 26— About 25 guerrillas under 
Capt. Dave Martin attack Shelbyville, but 



are repulsed with loss of 3 killed and 5 
wounded. 

Aug. 26— The 1st Ky. Federal cavalry, 
formerly commanded by Col. Frank Wol- 
ford, now by Col. Silas Adams, arrives in 
Lexington (for service in Ky.) from the 
severe battles in Georgia. It still num- 
bers 618 men, with some 200 in Confed- 
erate prisons, although much depleted by 
remarkably hard, constant, and gallant 

Aug. 27— Capt. Jake Bennett, and 19 
men, dash into Owensboro, attack the 
guard of negro soldiers at Ayres' wharf- 
boat, kill 7, and burn the boat with a 
large amount of government stores, and 
then retreat before the Federal soldiers 
could attack them. 

Aug. 29— Lock No. 1, on Ky. river, 3 
miles above the mouth, partially destroyed 
and disabled by guerrillas. 

Aug. 29, 30— Democratic national con- 
vention at Chicago nominates Gen. Geo. 
B. McClellan, of New York, for President, 
and Geo. H. Pendleton, of Ohio, for Vice 
President. 

Aug. 29, 30, 31— At the Democratic na- 
tional convention at Chicago, spirited let- 
ters are read from two Ky. delegates to 
the convention, prevented from attending 
because arrested and confined as political 
prisoners at Louisville — John W. Leath- 
ers, from the Covington district, and Dr. 
Jos. R. Buchanan, from the state at 

large The 1st ballot for nominee for 

vice president stood : James Guthrie, of 
Ky., 6514; Lazarus W. Powell, of Ky., 
3VA; Geo. H. Pendleton, of Ohio, bb% ; 
scattering, 72>^. On the 2d ballot, Mr. 
Pendleton was nominated unanimously. 

Ex. Gov. Chas. A. Wickliffe, of Ky., 

said, in a speech : " Many of the best 
and most loyal citizens of Ky. — among 
them 20 or 30 ladies — are now imprisoned 
by the military in Louisville, in damp 
and dirty cells, with only straw to lie 
upon, and the coarsest fare ; and the news- 
papers of Louisville are forbidden to make 
the slightest allusion to this terrible state 
of affairs. I proclaim it here and now — 
at the risk of my liberty, perhaps of my 
life." 

[Dr. E. 0. Brown, surgeon in charge, 
subsequently denied that the female pris- 
oners are confined in ** damp, dark, and 
filthy cells," but says their prison is " a 
good dwelling house, well ventilated and 
dry, and as comfortable as could be ex- 
pected under the circumstances."] 

Aug. 31 — In Union co., a scouting party 
of 48th Ky. capture a guerrilla camp and 
stores, killing 1 and taking 7 prisoners. 

Sept. 1— Col. Geo. M. Jessee and his 
Confederates have almost complete con- 
trol of Owen, Henry, Carroll, and Gallatin 
counties, and are recruiting rapidly. 

Sept. 2 — John Jackson Nickell, a Ken- 
tuckian, sentenced by a military commis- 
sion for acting as a guerrilla in Ky., and 
as such killing two men, hung on John- 
son's Island, near Sandusky, 0.; he had 
been three years in the Confederate army. 



140 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1864. 



Sept. 3 — Destructive freshet in Cassidy's 
creek, Nicholas co.; a log house swept off, 
and 4 of the Hardwick family drowned. 

Sept. 4— Frank M. Holmes, of Clover- 
port, and three others, shot at Branden- 
burg, Meade co. — in retaliation for the re- 
ported killing by guerrillas of Mr. Henry, 
near that place, Aug. 28. 

Sept. 4 — Gen. John H. Morgan is be- 
trayed, then surprised and surrounded at 
Greenville, East Tennessee, by Federal 

cavalry under Gen. Alvin C. Gillem one 

of whom killed him as he was trying to 
escape, or after his surrender. Gen. Duke 
[Hist. Morgan's Brigade, p. 539], says: 
" His friends have always believed that he 
was murdered after his surrender ; his 
slayers broke down the paling around the 
garden in which they killed him, dragged 
him through, and while he was tossing his 
arms in his dying agonies, threw him 
across a mule, and paraded his body about 
the town — shouting and screaming in sav- 
age exultation." Thus he met his death 
at the hands of brutes and ruffians; "it 
was notorious that his death, if again cap- 
tured, had been sworn." The body was 
dragged from the mule and thrown into a 
muddy ditch; where Gen. Gillem said " it 
should lie and rot like a dog;" but he after- 
wards sent it to the Confederate lines under 
aflag of truce. It was buried first at Ab- 
ingdon, Va., then removed to the cemeterv 
at Richmond, Va., and in the spring of 
1872 to the cemetery at Lexington, Ky., 
his home until he resigned it for the cause 
of the South to which he gave his great 
energiBS and his life. 

Sept. 5 — Gov. Bramlette issues his proc- 
lamation calling upon the county courts — 
the county judges and justices — to "refuse 
obedience to (or else immediately resign, 
and let their places be filled by those who 
will refuse obedience to) order No. 20, 
issued Aug. 29th by Brig. Gen. Hugh 
Ewing, requiring the county courts to 
levy upon tbe tax-payers a sum sufficient 
to arm, mount and pay 60 men, to be 
raised in each county, and maintained 
until further orders. He denounces Gen. 
Ewing's order as "for unlawful and op- 
pressive uses," and as " violating the laws 
of the land, the duties of the officer, and tbe 
rights of the citizen ;" warns the courts 
against making such levy of taxes, and 
forbids them to do it. [President Lincoln 
afterwards revokes Gen. Ewing's order.] 

Sept. 5 — Slight skirmish near Lagrange, 
Oldham co., between Col. Jessee's Confed- 
erate rangers and Lieut. Col. Wm. B. 
Craddock's 30th Ky. mounted infantry; 
former retreat, loss 7 taken prisoners. 

Sept. 6— During the last 8 weeks, two 
young girls in Mrs. Dolly Seeley's Sunday 
school class, in the Mt. Vernon Baptist 
church in Fayette co., have been commit- 
ting to memory nearly the whole Bible, in 
contending for a prize. Miss Mary Stout 
memorized 157, 251, 233, 709, 1811, 4,000, 
and 12,000 verses— 19,161 in all; and 
Miss Maria Wordrober 166, 171, 234. 887, 
1,694,4,000, 6,000,12,000 verses— 25,152 



in all. They studied during the last 
three weeks from daylight till dark ; it re- 
quired two days to hear them, and then 
only by skipping them about so as to 
test the correctness of their memorizing. 
Three other girls, in four weeks, memo- 
rized 1,063, 1,280, and 604 verses, respect- 
ively. 

Sept. 8— Brig. Gen. S. Meredith suc- 
ceeds Brig. Gen. E. A. Paine in command 
at Paducah — the latter being removed. 

Sept. 9 — Upon positive representations 
made to him by Lieut. Col. Jesse J. Crad- 
dook, 1st regiment Capital Guards, Brevet 
Maj. Gen. Burbridge details Brig. Gen. 
Speed Smith Fry and Col. John Mason 
Brown as a commission to proceed to Padu- 
cah, and investigate the conduct of Gen. 
Eleazer A. Paine, recently in command 
of the western district of Kentucky. Gen. 
Paine and his subordinates fled to Illinois, 
not daring to be present at the investiga- 
tion. [Gov. Bramlette had previously, 
Sept. 2, requested of President Lincoln 
the appointment of a military commission, 
" composed of good, brave, just, and fear- 
less men," to inquire into the conduct of 
" Gen. Paine, .and his confederates Hon. 
Lucien Anderson, member of Congress, 
and John F. Bollinger, for unjustly op- 
pressing, and most iniquitously extorting 
money and property from citizens for 
their own private gain."] The commis- 
sion reported that Paine's " violence of 
manner terrified some of the besi citizens 

ally uttered sanguinary and brutal threats, 
and the execution of some guerrillas (or 
persons charged with that crime) gave 
snob color to his threats as to alarm the 
entire country;" "his usage of gentle- 
men was harsb and brutal in the extreme ;" 
" curses were heaped upon all who ap- 
proached him;" "a favorite expression, 
and frequently made use of — towards the 
most elegant ladies, as well as towards 
gentlemen— was, * You are a God- damned 
scoundrel ; God damn you, I' U dig a bole, 
and shoot and put you in it;" "citizens 
against whom not an earthly charge could 
be made, were summarily arrested and 
thrust into the guard-house ;" he seized a 
man named Dougherty and ordered him 
to execution, after he had been tried and 
acquitted by a court martial — his life 
being saved only by Pnine himself being 
hurled from power. The number of per- 
sons who had suffered death at his hands 
could not be ascertained ; some stated it 
as high as 43, and showed the graves to 
prove it; others only "knew" of 5 ; at 
Mayfield, Col. McChesney, 134th Illinois, 
executed 7 men; 4 citizens (Kesterton, 
Taylor, Mathey and Hess) were executed 
without a shadow of a trial. 

The commission furnish sworn testi- 
mony, upon which they charge that Lu- 
cien Anderson, John F. Bollinger, R. H. 
Hall, provost marshal of 1st congresional 
district, and Maj. Henry Bartling, of a 
negro regiment, Sth U. S. colored heavy 
artillery, are guilty of corruption, bribery, 



1864. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



141 



nnd malfeasance in office ; Thos. M. Redd, 
surveyor of the port of Paducah, guilty 
of illegal fees, and one of the principal 
agents in the entire catalogue of assess- 
ments, extortions, and oppressions ; Col. 
H. W. Barry, of same negro regiment, 
guilty of e.\torting $150 in gold from a 
bank to pay his prostitute j Col. MeChes- 
ney, l.Mth Illinois, guilty at Mayfield of 
the most disgraceful extortion and oppres- 
sion — especially of forcing cripples, sick 
and infirm old men, to do h.ard manual 
labor on useless intrenchments, unless 
they purchased immunity by paying from 
$5 to as high as $400. [Gen. Meredith 
turned 61 prisoners loose at Mayfield, and 
emptied the guard-house at P.aducah.] 

[For a full resume of the oppression and 
tyranny — by trade orders, charging Fed- 
eral soldiers from 10 to 60 cents for each 
letter to their families, extortionate tariff 
on cotton and tobacco, assessments on 
Union men as well as rebel sympathizers. 






it of 



of their property, impressment of citizens, 
imprisonments and abuse in all forms — see 
Report of the commission, accompanying 
Gov. Bramlette's message, in Senate and 
House Journal, 1865.] 

Sept. 10— Death, at Mobile, Ala., of 
Wm. Tanner, formerly editor of the 
Frankfort Patriot in 1826, Harrodsburg 
Central Watchtower in 1829, Maysville 
Monitor in 1S3.3-37, Frankfort Yeomun in 
1843-62, and other Ky. newspapers. 

Sept. 10 — 22 guerrillas visit Henderson, 
and help themselves to any property they 
fancy — the citizens having been disarmed 
by the Federal officers and soldiers, and 
then abandoned by them. 

Sept. 12— Gold in Now York 219. 

Sept. 12— U. S. marshal for Ky. levies 
upon the property and credits at Louis- 
ville, of J. C. Johnston, Robert Ford, and 
others, for confiscation ; they are in the 
Confederate army. 

Sept. 13— Danville rriSiwe appears only 
on a hiilf-sheet, the " board of trade " at 
Lexington returning its application for a 
permit for " positive evidence of loyalty." 

Sept. 14 — Gen. Burbridge issues an or- 
der saying "he is pained to hear that in 
various portions of his command, squads 
of Federal soldiers and companies of men 
styling themselves ' State Guards," ' Home 
Guards,' 'Independent Companies;' &o., 
are roving over the country, committing 
outrages on peaceable citizens, seizing 
without authority their horses and other 
property, insulting and otherwise mal- 
treating them That any one armed in 

the cause of Union and law, should en- 
gage in robbing nnd plundering defence- 
less citizens, is humiliating in the ex- 
wards putting down such lawlessness. 

Sept. 16— Col. Frank Wolford— having 
given his parole to President Lincoln in 
person, at AVashington city, July 7, to 
repair to Louisville, and to await an im- 
mediate trial upon the charges furnished 
by Judge advocate John A. Foster, " 1. 



Of aiding the enemies of the country by 
the public expression of disloyal senti- 
ments ; and 2. Of discouraging, denoun- 
cing, and opposing the enlistment of col- 
ored troops " — on the 12th Sept. respect- 
fully notifies the President that he will 
wait a few days longer ; and then, if trial 
not arranged for, will leave Louisville for 
Camp Dick Robinson, in Garrard co., to 
make a speech in favor of Gen. McClellan 
for the presidency. July 30, he had posi- 
tively refused a parole sent him by Presi- 
dent Lincoln — which required him "to 
pledge his honor that he would neither do 
or sny anything which will directly or in- 
directly tend to hinder, delay or embarrass 
the employment or use of colored persona 
as soldiers, seamen, or otherwise, in the 
suppression of the existing rebellion, so 
long as the U. S. government chooses to so 
employ or use them;" saying to the Pres- 
ident by letter, *' I cannot bargain for my 
liberty and the exercise of my rights as a 
freeman on any such terms. I have com- 
mitted no crime. I have broken no law 
of my country or state. I have not vio- 
lated any military order, or any of the 

usages of war No, sir, much as I 

love liberty, I will fester in a prison, or 
die on a gibbet, before I will agree to any 
terms that do not abandon all charges 
against me, and fully acknowledge my in- 
nocence." Aug. 10, the Judge advocate 
had countermanded an order for him to go 
to Washington for trial. Sept. 15, Col. 
Wolford published a history of the whole 
controversy — in which his defense forms 
one of the most brilliant, spirited, and 
triumphant passages in the state trials of 
the world. 

Sept. J 5— Col. Basil W. Duke, promoted 
to brigadier general, and assigned to the 
command of Gen. John H. Morgan's cav- 
alry. [It now appears that the order had 
been issued which relieved Gen. Morgan 
of the command of the department of 
south-western Virginia, and he was to be 
court-martialed for coming into Ky. last 
May without orders of Gen. Bragg. But 
the Richmond Examiner proclaims it 
boldly, that " Morgan's invasion of Ky. 
was the only thing that could then save 
that part of Virginia from ravage by Gen. 
Burbridge and his 6,000 raiders."] 

Sept. 19— Draft in many counties, to 

make up Kentucky's quota of the call for 

600,000 troops. Many drafted men dis- 

tpear, and join either the Confederate 

my or guerrilla bands ; others fly to 

Canada; others furnish negro or white 

titutes ; comparatively few report for 

duty. 

pt. 19 — Gen. Burbridge, without in- 
tions from the President, as he ac- 
knowledged, orders Col. Frank Wolford 
to at once return to Louisville, and re- 
ain until officially relieved from the 
irole given him by the President;" 
hich Wolford obeyed. 28th— Wolford, 
hearing nothing further from either Bur- 
bridge or the President, publishes the cor- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Sept. 19— Speech of Got. Thos. E, 
Bramlette at the " McClellan ratification' 
meeting at Frankfort, in which he de- 
fends himself and other Union men of 
Ky. from charges made in a speech, Sept, 
12, .It Lexington, by Rev. Kobert J. 
Breeliinridge, D. D.; he speaks of Dr. B. 
as " the reverend politician who has been 
aptly characterized as * a weathercock in 
politics and an Ishmaelite in religioi 

Sept. 21— Gen. Burbridge issues ai 
der sending to Memphis, to be forwarded 
through the lines into the South, Mrs 
Marshall, of Lexington, Squire Turner, 
jr., Miles Baxter, jr., and Thomas J. 

Sept. 21— Gen. Sherman, in reply to a 
letter of Gen. John B. Hood, command 
ing Confederate forces, asking him t( 
treat as a prisoner of war a Confederate 
soldier named W. C. Glover— who, while 
employed as a scout, was captured and 
condemned to be executed at Chattanooga 
as a spy — says, " I assure you that no one 
can be executed by us xoithoul a full and 
fair record trial' by a sworn tribunal, at 
which the prisoner is allowed to have his 
witnesses and counsel. Also, by act of Con- 
gress Deo. 21, 1861, in case of the sen- 
tence of death, the case must be reviewed, 
and the necessary order he given by the 
officer commanding the army in the field or 
the department to which the division be- 
longs. Gen. Geo. H. Thomas is the de- 
partment commander, and you must know 
that he would never order the execution of 

Gen. Sherman who, it is pretended, or 
claimed, gave general authority and com- 
mand for the frequent recent military 
murders in Ky. under the plea of retalia- 
tion, " four for one," and without even 
the form or mockery of a trial 7] 

Sept. 22— Death of Thos. F. Marshall, 
in Woodford co., aged 63 j his disease was 
of the heart and lungs. 

Sept. 24— Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckin- 
ridge, in a recent public speech at Lex- 
ington, said: "As to these [illegal ar- 
rests], all the fault I have to find is, that 
more should not have been arrested than 
were ; and many of those that were ar- 
rested, were set at liberty too soon 

When Simon de Montfort was slaughter- 
ing the Protestants in the south of France, 
he was appealed to by certain persons — 
declaring that his men were mistaken, 
that they were killing many who were 
good Catholics. To which he replied : 
" Kill them all; God knows his own." 
And this is the way we should deal with 
these fellows ; treat them all alike ; and 
if there are any among them who are not 
rebels at heart, God will take care of them 
and save them at least." 

Sept. 26— Gold in New York fallen to 
189 ; and cotton to $1;15 for middling— 
a decline of 70 cents from its highest 
point. 

Sept. 29— Gold in New York 190]4. 

Oct. 1— Fall of snow, two inches deep, 
in western Ky., opposite Cairo. 



Oct. 2— Battle of Saltville, Washington 
CO., Virginia, between 4,000 Federal 
troops (only 2,500 actually engaged) under 
Gen. S. G. Burbridge, and 2,000 Confed- 
erates under Brig. Geu. John S. Williams, 
of Ky., (including a small brigade of Ken- 
tuckians commanded by Col. Wm. C. P. 
Breckinridge.) In the Federal forces, 
besides Michigan and some negro troops, 
were included Col. Milton Gr.aham's 11th 
Ky. cavalry. Col. Jas. W. Weatherford's 
13th Ky. cavalry, and the following Ky. 
mounted infantry regiments : Col. Cicero 
Maxwell's 26th, Col. Francis N. Alexan- 
der's 30th, Col. Edmund A. Starling's 
35th, Col. Chas. S. Hanson's 37th, Col. 
David A. Minis' 39th, Col. Clinton J. 
True's 40th, Lieut. Col. Lewis M. Clark's 
45th, and Maj. Chas. W. Quiggins' Sandy 
Valley battalion of 1st Capital Guards. 
The fighting was handsome and at times 
desperate on both sides. During the night 
succeeding. Confederate reinforcements 
were coming up, and they prepared to 
renew the engagement vigorously at early 
dawn ; but Gen. Burbridge had begun to 
retreat soon after dark, in good order — ac- 
knowledging a loss, in killed, wounded and 
missing, of 350 ; among the killed. Col. 
Mason, of a Michigan regiment, and 
among the dangerously wounded and aban- 
doned to the enemy, the gallant Col. Chas. 
S. Hanson. Oct. 3, Burbridge received an 
order from Gen. Sherman to return to Ky. 
The Confederates followed him for several 
days, harassing his rear guard ; but the 
exhausted state of the country compelled 
them to desist; their loss in battle not 
known ; they claim a decisive victory. 

The entire advance of Burbridge'a 
troops from Pound Gap had been a suc- 
cession of skirmishes — every mile being 
gallantly contested by Col. Giltner's cav- 
alry (late part of Gen. John H. Morgan's 
brigade); those at Clinch mountain and 
Laurel Gap partaking of the nature of 
battles. 

Oct. 3— Maj. Gen. Geo. H. Thomas tele- 
graphs to Gen. Sherman, from Nashville, 
that " two Ohio and three Kentucky regi- 
ments of the re-enforcements have ar- 
rived." [And this, in striking contrast 
with all the harshness and bad faith shown 
to Ky. by the general government !] 

Oct. 6— Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge 
thrown from his horse, and so much in- 
jured as, for two weeks, to prevent him 
from meeting his engagements to speak to 
the people. 

Oct. 7— Difficulty at Versailles between 
the citizens and a command of negro sol- 
diers stationed there; several shots fired, 
but no blood shed ; negro soldiers stationed 
at every street-corner, with orders to dis- 
perse .all gatherings on the street of mora 
' an two citizens. 

Oct. 10— Guerrillas make a raid on South 
Tunnel, defended by negro soldiers ; 5 
negroes killed and several wounded ; loss 
of the former not known. 
Oct. 1 1— Train on Kentucky Cent'l R.R., 
t Lowe's station, 11 miles N. of Lexington, 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



and wounded They expected to eaptur, 
(aen. Burbridge, but he was not on th( 
^a.n-very g.eatly to their disappoint- 

Oct. 13-40 guerrillas burn the jail ai 
Irvine, Est.ll cc, after releasing i pris- 
oners and then plunder the town^ '^ 
A °'^!- '^-Brandenburg, Meade Co., plun- 
dered by 22 guerrillas. ^ 

Oct.13— Guerrillas plunder Bethel, Bath 
CO., and whip the county judge witl 
tarn 7°""' "'""'"' """^ ou'rageoua b 

day, and for several Nos., on smal 
wrapping paper, 12 by 16 inches— beintr 
refused, by the "board of trade," a pe^ 
mit to purchase regular white paper 
gularly enough, to-day's issue conta 
account of the defeat at Saltville, Va., of 
Gen. Burbndge-the very officer whose 
trade-regulating order had bee, 
more successful in stopping the 
thT^e'rs'^"' >>--«- of ';?Solthern sympa 
thizers m Ky., and of Ky. Unioi 
loan were his military orders and bravery 

Oct. 16— E.xplosion of steamer J C 
Irwin, at Eddyville, Lyon co killing, 
persons, and wounding more. ' ° 

Er^mi.I?^""'"'";^- P'o^'^-uation from G, 
Bramlette, explaining who are uot entitled 
chile «n,?T '" P''f "™ the elective fra 
CQise and have a free election, and dei 
eating any military interference as " wi 
out power or authority in the federal 
state governments to authorize it a wan 
ton violation of law, and placing the ner 
potrators in rebellious coitumafy to tt 



go . _ 

Oct. 17-GoId in New York 217. 

Maior of"7°'P'-/- ^- ^'^"'^°''' ^""-ng 
dresses a \ ^OTre.t's command, ad^ 

gng'-Aa^he.?-^:-^ 
regret that you have thought prop, 
have two Confederate soldfers "iho ' fo^ 
depredations committed by bands of g'uer 

:'ia?i^jSrikn;o'*'"s-5---e/-. 
s;:':fitH°;f^^:ui.!;:rret^n^ 

that it win „„,' u "idu'ge the hope 

that It will not be necessary for this com- 
your ciuei;XId*''t ^■^"'■•>tory measures 

Xf 10 ^ ■ '"''"■"■ini'y suggests " 
oonsis'tenrn "■''^'°'' 06«er«e.,"always a 
cons stent Union paper, is refused a ner- 

?e >° ?'"■"'''''" P*P"' "'"'J th-'reby com- 
pelled to cease publication-becau.e k, 
loyalty IS not of the eztreme radica" cast 



143 

it supports Gen. McClellan for the presi- 
dency. ' 

Oct. 19— Encounter at Mudlick Springs 
Bath CO., between a portion of the 1st Ky' 
Federal cavalry under Capt. Samuel Bei 
den and 250 ponfederates under Col. Geo 
on'eaeh 'side ''""''' '''"'"* '""' "«"°d'^d, 
„^?"ViV^'? Confederate soldiers in Can- 
fof NiVb 7 ^-u ^'T- ^^""^t H. Young, 
(of Nicholasville, Jessamine co., Ky w! 
acting under orders from the Confederate 
States secretary of war, who authorized it 
in retaliation for the disgraceful burnine 
of farm houses and dwellings, pillagimr 

«.:"io:n^'^f|t'!Tltn7/^t:rmo™t:^on?^: 
Cen ral railroad, about 15 miles fr'om the 
Canada frontier; for three quarters of an 
hour, hold the citizens prisoners of war ■ 
seize all the money in three banks, $211,- 
ISO, and a number of horses ; kill one 
who resists, and attempt to set fire to 

the town but fail in this. I'mmense alarm 
ng the whole Canada border, milit^ 

-..listed, arms and troops sent from New 

The Vr'^r'^'" ''^P' "P '"' ^""-o time 

The Canadian authorities prove very 

ipt m arresting the raiders, and secur- 

ig their money— acting, as the U S «„« 

•tory of state, Wm. H.^Seward, saysj <Ma 

-.itire conformity with the wishes of the 

United States ■'_ Under the proeeeciings- 

■n court for their extradition as burglars 

rS^jL-;i:iodt^fnd'^h-mTne';'?e^' 
stored. Their release provokes, DecM, 
a 'blood and thunder" proclamation from 
Maj. Gen. John A. Dix. who orders anT 

rssibirwhn:™"'!r '" '"' =•''" """"^^ 
s^'tfe;^o^.?;,.rLri:-„tel' 

Pre^id?nt ?"" r'^''^'^ ^'"^ ^™"Sht back, 
blunder of A°'w-' '"'"■""' ^y ""' ^'"Pid 
blunder of Gen. Dix, and, Dec. 17, modi- 
— the order so as to require "militnrv 

NeTvofrf '" ''P°^' '" headquarter S 
New lork for instructions before crossing 

parties"" % "','° P"'"=* "' '^' S^^'^ 
parties. The claim was subsenuently 

"rlZ'v'";^^'^ '"^'y withes 

ri ain, for the delivery of Lieut. Young 
allace, Spurr, Huntly, Tevis, Hutchin 

undertaken and carried out nndcrthe au' 
by o'.'e !f ',^' so-called Confederate States, 
oy one ot the officers of their army," and 
being both a belligerent act of /o'stiHty 
political offense, quoad the state 
J..., remanding extradition," was not em- 
braced by the Ashburton treaty nor by the 
statutes of Canada-for neither authori ed 
the extradition of belligerents or political 
S:g^ed.'''^^^"'-^'''''P----" 



144 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1864. 



Oct. 23— Tilton, Fleming co., and neigh- 
borhood, plundered by guerrillas. 

Oct. 24— Col. Frank Wolford, in a pub- 
lic speech, announces that " the man dies" 
who stands between him and the pulls, on 
the day of the ensuing presidential elec- 
tion, to prevent biin from exercising this 
sacred right of an American freeman. 

Oct. 25 — Guerrillas enter Flemingsburg, 
Fleming co., and commence plundering, 
but are driven off by the citizens— with 
loss of 1 killed and several wounded. 

Oct. 25 — In retaliation for the shooting, 
by Sue Munday's guerrillas, of a Federal 
soldier, near Jeffersontown, Jefferson co., 
four men — Wilson Lilly, Sherwood Hatley, 
Lindsey Duke Buckner (a Confederate 
captain in Col. Chenoweth's regiment), 
and M. Bineoe — are ordered to be taken, 
and by Capt. Rowland E. Hackett and 50 
men of the 26th Ky., are taken to the 
spot, and shot to death. 

Oct. 25— The Lexington Uniomst news- 
paper says there are now $3,000,000 in the 
U. 3. treasury awaiting distribution to 
those loyal masters whose slaves have en- 
listed in the U. S. army. The act of con- 
gress authorizing slaves to be recruited in 
the army, section 24, provides that " the 
secretary of war shall appoint a commis- 
sion, in each of the slave states represented 
in congress, charged to award to each 
loyal person to whom colored volunteers 
may owe service a just compensation — not 
Exceeding $300 for each such colored vol- 
unteer, payai/e out of the fund derived from 



Oct. 26 — Guerrillas plunder Hillsboro, 
Fleming co. The Maysville Eagle, an 
able Union newspaper, says " the people 
have been practically deprived of the 
means of self-defense by Gen. Burbridge 
and that duty entrusted to negroes ; the 
people know how they enforce it." 

Oct. 26— Gen. Burbridge, by order No. 7, 
says " it has come to his knowledge that 
persons, in this military district, in public 
speeches and otherwise, are encouraging 
their partisans to go to the polls armed, 
at the ensuing election — under the false 
pretense that the military meditate illegal 
interference Officers within this com- 
mand will promptly arrest every one vio- 
lating this order ; and citizens are re- 
quested to communicate infractions of it 
to the nearest military authority." 

By general order No. 8, issued same 
day, he hoists the hlach flag thus : " The 
irregular bands of armed men within our 
lines, disconnected from the rebel army... 
are guerrillas, and will be treated as such. 
Hereafter, no guerrillas will be re- 
ceived as prisoners; and any officer who 
may capture such, and extend to them the 
courtesies due to prisoners of war, will be 
held accountable for disobedience of or- 

Oct. 27— The principal effect of the U. S. 
draft, in many counties in western Ky., is 
to drive the drafted men into the Confed- 
erate army. 300 from Breckinridge, 
Meade, and Hardin counties, 203 and 75 



from other counties, have passed through 
Henderson or Morganfield — to join Gen. 
Lyon and other Confederate officers. 

In Hardin co., Rev. Mr. AVilliams, a 
Baptist minister, who was drafted, came 
out of the pulpit, raised a company, and 
led them to the Confederate army. His 
congregation offered to relieve him by pur- 
chasing a substitute ; but he declined to 
have his substitute fight for a cause for 
which he was unwilling to go to battle 
himself. 

Oct. 28— The "hog order" scheme is 
initiated by the following order from Gen. 
Burbridge : 

Headquarters Militaet District of Ky. 
Lexington, Oct. 28, 1864. 

" The following information is hereby 
published: Those owning or feeding 
hogs in Ky. are informed that the U. S. 
government desires to secure the surplus 
hogs in the state. A fair market value 
will be paid for all that are for sale. 

" It is not intended to limit the amounts 
deemed necessary to be packed for family 
use ; but it is hoped that all will willingly 
sell to the government any excess of per- 
sonal wants, and not allow so much to be 
packed in the country as to invite raids 

"Major H. C. Symonds, commissary of 
subsistence U. S. army at Louisville, ia 
instructed with the details of this busi- 
ness, and will give all necessary informa- 
tion. S. 6. BURBRIDGE, 

" Major General." 

Nov. 5— Col. Swaine, commanding at 
Covington and Newport, issues orders 
No. 8 : "In compliance with instructions 
from the Brevet Major General command- 
ing the district of Ky., the shipment of 
hogs from the state of Ky. across the Ohio 
river is hereby prohibited. Guards will 
order back any p.arties bringing hogs to 
the river ; and on and after the 9th instant, 
they will arrest any persons attempting to 
violate this order, and deliver them and 
their stock to the provost marshal." 

Nov. 14— In a letter, of this date, from 
Gov. Bramlette to President Lincoln, he 
says : " Considerable commotion has been 
produced amongst the farmers and pork- 
packers by some orders recently issued — 
and more especially by the manner of their 
carrying out — in relation to the hog crop. 
The agents sent out have been attempting 
to force the farmers to let their hogs go 
to them at greatly less than the market 
price — by falsely telling them that tBe 
government had fixed the price ; and un- 
less they received it willingly, their hogs 
would be taken at that price any how ; 
and if they attempted to sell, or if packers 
attempted to purchase and pack, their 
hogs would be confiscated, and they ar- 
rested and imprisoned. Some large houses 
in Louisville that have paid their tax, 
are thus held in check and cut off from 
business ; although they offer to sell to the 
government their hog product at one dollar 
less per hundred than the Cincinnati mar- 
ket — if oermitted to go on with their busi- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



145 



ness." [St-c Senate and Hous 
1865, pp. 42 and 50.] 

The price paid for hogs, Nov. 10, was 8 
cents per pound gross, quite steadily ad- 
vancing to 12 cents, on Dec. 20. 

Nov. 7— The Louisville Democrat an- 
nounces that the only pork packing around 
the falls, this season, (excepting a few in 
New Albany), will be on account of the 
government— a contract havingbeen closed 
with Robert Floyd and SmithSpeed to pack 
100,000 head, at figures not yet known out- 
side. The packing is distributed among 
the following houses: Wm. Jarvis & Co. 
60,000, Owsley & Co. 20,000, Hamilton & 
Bros. 30,000. The government contractors 
are offering 9^ to lOo. gross, for hogs de- 
livered here, and 8o. if delivered at the 
pens in the country. At Cincinnati the 
packers are paying lie. gross; and as 
much or more would be paid here, if the 
other packers (who have paid government 
license, .ind are prep.ared to do the work) 
were allowed to carry on their business. 

Nov. 7— Vene P. Armstrong, of Louis- 
ville, announced as the authorized agent 
of government for purchasing hogs in 
Adair, Barren, Breckinridge, Edmonson, 
Grayson, Hardin, Hart, Larue, Me.ade, 
Metcalfe, Nelson, and other counties ; wili 
pay in cash, not in vouchers as many fear. 
He is the only one authorized to buy the 
hogs from .Tefferson and Bullitt counties, 
except the small lots to sausage dealers' 



Journals, I ered by them on their engagements." Ho 
adds : " My advice to farmers is to sell at 
once. I make no threats of impressment ; 
I but trust that .all will realize that they are 
promoting the interests of their govern- 
ment, while they advance their own inter- 
ests. _ I consider that the government has 
a prior claim to any private parties, and 
shall take steps to secure such results. If not 
provided with funds at the time of deliv- 
ery, I will pay as soon thereafter as funds 

The Louisville Democrat, of Nov. 18, 
says: "Gen. Burbridge says that he has 
nothing whatever to do with the hog busi- 
ness; the whole matter is in the hands -of 
Major Symonds and Col. Kilburn." 

[It is reported at Louisville, Nov. 16, 
that the commissary department at Wash- 
ington sympathizes with Maj. Symonds, in 
his disagreement about hog-orders with 
his ranking officer. Col. Kilburn ; and that 
the latter thereupon asked to be relieved.] 



and in the market houses. 

Nov. 8— The Cincinnati Gazette says the 
reason assigned for Gen. Burbridge's " hog 
order" is " that the government has given 
a contract to some parties in Louisville to 
pack 100,000 head; and they are afraid, 
if shipments are allowed to Cincinnati,' 
they will not be able to obtain hogs enough 
to fill the contract." ^ 

Nov. 15— Col. C. L. Kilburn, supervising 
chief commissary of subsistence at Louis- 
ville, in special order says : " No hogs are 
to be seized in Ky. by agents or commis- 
sioned officers. All persons holding hogs 



are permitted to 
and to such ner 



All pel 
ell the: 



suehi 



they 



fit- 



subject only to obtaining permfts 
shipped out of the state." Nov. 16— By 
additional order he removes all restric- 
tions from transporting hogs to market, 
either by steamboat, railroad, or on foot • 
and requests " all persons knowing of im- 
portant facts bearing on this Ky. hog 
question, to Lay their communications in 
writing before him, in order that he m.ay 
forw.ard them to Washington if required." 
Nov. 17— Maj. H. C. Symonds,from office 
U. S. commissary of subsistence at Louis- 
ville, notifies the " Farmers of Kentucky" 
that " the subject of packing hogs at 
Louisville is left to his judgment; it ap- 
pears to be the almost universal wish that 
he receive hogs directly from the owners— 
which he will do, in lots of 50 or upwards ; 
he will pay a just and fair market rate, as 
may be deemed proper from day to day ■ 
such hogs as have already been bought by 
the agents appointed by me must be deliv- 

I... 10 



[So indignant were the farmers at the 
combination between speculators and the 
military authorities to compel the sale of 
their bogs nominally to the government, 
and at prices considerably below what was 
paid .It Cincinnati, that as a mass they 
held back— until after the issue of the 
following : 

Headqdartees Military District op Ky. 
Lexington, Nov. 27, 1864. 
" All orders from these headquarters 
ffecting the hog trade in Kentucky are 
evoked. 

' By order of Brevet Maj. Gen. Burbridge. 
" J. Bates Dickson, C.apt. and A. A. G." 
Nov. 1— A Confederate force of 32 men, 
under Col. Robert J. Breckinridge, jr., 
and Maj. Theophilus Steele (son and son- 
in-law of Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge, 
of Fayette Co.), make a raid at 3K A. M. 
upon Williamstown, Grant co.— expecting 
to capture a large sum of U. S. govern- 
ment money, which they had been in- 
formed was in the safe in N. C. Tunis' 
store. The money had been removed, but 
they found there 30 U. S. muskets which 
they captured ; some of the men plundered 
" e store freely. 
Nov. 1— Oil well and oil springs excite- 
ent increasing in northern Ky. 
Nov. 1-63,323 hogsheads of tobacco 
Id at the Louisville warehouses, since 
Nov. 1, 1863— an increase of 26,610 over 
the year previous. 

Nov. 2— Gold in New York 21 9%. 
Nov. 2— Last night, Robert Graham, 
living near Peeke's Mills, Franklin co., 
was shot and killed— it is said, by Wm. 
Marshall and his men. At twilight this 
evening, S. Thomas Hunt, a young lawyer 
from Maysvillo (captured on his way to 
the Confederate army, in which he had 
enlisted), Thor.Lafferty, an old man and 
political prisoner, and two others, names 
not ascertained, were taken by a military 
escort fro_m__the Lexington jail to the loweV 
3 pasture in South 



Frankfort. At theii 



rcque 



Rev. B. 



Sayre offered a fervent prayer. As soon 



146 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



he pronounced the "Amen," one of the 
four— who had, while in jail, managed to 
file his chain apart— started to make his 
escape, but soon fell, his body riddled with 
bullets. The other three stood still, and 
were shot dead on the spot, and their bodies 
buried, without coffins, a little under 
ground. 

Nov. 3 — Four men, one or more of them 
captured while on their way to the Con- 
federate army and accused of being guer- 
rillas— Wm. Long, of Maysville, Wm. 
Tithe, of Williamstown, Grant CO., Wm. 
D. Darbro, near Dallasburg, Owen co., and 
R. W. Yates, of Bacon creek. Hart co.— 
were sent from Lexington under guard to 
Pleasureville, Henry co., and there shot 
to death — in retaliation for the killing of 
two negroes in the neighborhood, some 
days ago. Sixteen hours after, their bodies 
were lying on the floor in the depot, near 
where they were shot. 

Xov.4, 5— Gen. H. B. Lyon's Ky. Con- 
federate cavalry, with the forces of Gens. 
Forrest, Roddy, and Chalmers, and a gun- 
boat captured by them, attack and destroy, 
at Johnsonville, Tenn., on the Tennessee 
river, the steamboats Aurora, Doane No. 2, 
Goody Friends, Duke, Alice, Areola, 
Mountaineer, J. B. Ford, Venus, Mazeppa, 
J. W. Cheeseman, Naugatuok, and Bon 
Accord ; the gunboats Lawawa, Wm. 
Mann, Key West and Ben. Galey ; besides 
a number of barges. To prevent their 
falling into the enemy's hands, the Fed- 
eral troops set fire to the boats — burning, 
besides, all the U. S. military stores, pro- 
visions, and depot buildings at Johnson- 
ville- the entire loss $2,000,000. 

Nov. 5— A large body of guerrillas, un- 
der Witcher and Bill Smith, makes a raid 
on Peach Orchard, Lawrence co., 45 miles 
from the mouth of the Big Sandy river, 
captures Col. Dils, late of the 39th Ky., 
burns two little steamers and some houses, 
and pillages the stores. 

Nov. 5— The Springfield (Mass.) Repub- 
lican says one great reason why the U. S. 
government will not exchange prisoners 
■with the South is, " that most of the Fed- 
eral soldiers now in rebel prisons are not 
really in the service, their time having ex- 
pired. They would not reinforce our 
army 5,000 men ; while by a full exchange 
the rebels would gain 30,000 fresh and 
skilled troops." [There is polici/ in such 
a course, but it is a great outrage on jus- 
tice and humanity .'] 

Nov. 6— Capt. Sam. Jarrett, with 41 
men of 48th Ky. in garrison, defends Hop- 
kinsville for 5 hours, against about 350 
Confederates under Gen. H. B. Lyon, when 
the latter withdraw, with their dead and 
wounded. 

Nov. 6 — Two rebels, named Cheney 
and Jones, sent from the military prison 
at Louisville to Munfordsville, Hart co.— 
to be shot to death, in retaliation for the 
killing by guerrillas, on Oct. 20, of James 
Madison Morry, Co. A, 13th Ky. infantry. 
Nov. 7— Three men— Jas. Hopkins, 
John W. Sipple, and Samuel Stagdale— 



supposed to be guerrillas, shot to death by 
order of the military authorities, 7 miles 
from Bloomfield, Nelson Co.— in retalia- 
tion for the killing of two negroes, last 
week, in that neighborhood, supposed to 
be by Sue Munday's men. 

Nov. —Many political prisoners re- 
leased, during this month, at Louisville— 
upon taking the oath, and giving bonds, in 
various sums from $1,000 to $10,000, to go 
and remain north of the Ohio river during 
the war. 

Nov. 7— Severe skirmish between 25 
Confederate recruits under Lieut. Jerry 
W. South, jr., and 20 Ky. state militia, on 
the middle fork of Ky. river, in Breathitt 
CO.; the latter are routed, leaving 1 killed 
and 6 who die from their wounds. 

Nov. 8— The official vote for U. S. pres- 
ident and vice president in 101 counties : 
Geo. B. McClellan and Geo. H. Pendleton 
61,233, and soldiers' vote in 18 regiments 
as received up to Dec. 6th, 3,068— total 
64,301 ; Abraham Lincoln and Andrew 
Johnson 27,786, and soldiers' vote 1,205— 
total 27,786; maj. for McClellan 36,515. 
Aggregate vote 92,087, against 146,216 at 
the presidential election in 1860— a falling 
off of 54,129, or nearly 64 per cent. Nine 
counties — Breathitt, Calloway, Floyd, 
Johnson, Letcher, Owen, Perry, Pike, and 
Wolfe— failed to make returns. 
Nov. 9— Gold in New York 257. 
Nov. 9 — Skirmish at Devil's creek, 
Wolfe CO. 

Nov. 9— Gen. Burbridge has four guer- 
rillas shot to death, at Mr. Harper's late 
residence, two miles south of Midway, 
Woodford co. — in retaliation for the kill- 
ing of Mr. Harper, Nov. 1, by Sue Mun- 
day's band. 

Nov. 9 — Gen. Hugh Ewing, command- 
ing second division of the military district 
of Ky., issues an order forbidding the cir- 
culation within his district of the Cincin- 
nati Enquirer, Chicago Times, Dayton (0.) 
Empire, and 5 New York papers— Z>ay 
Book, News, Freeman's Journal, Old Guard, 
and Metropolitan Record. Newsboys and 
others selling them are to be an-ested. 

Nov. 9 — Gov. Bramlette telegraphs to 
President Lincoln : " Gen. John B. Hus- 
ton, a loyal man and a prominent citizen, 
was arrested [at 1 A. M.] and yesterday 
started by Gen. Burbridge to be sent be- 
yond our lines by way of Catlettsburg, 
for no other offense than opposition to 
your re-election. Stay the hand of this 
second Paine, and save your administra- 
tion the odium and our country the shame 
of such iniquities. You are doubtless re- 
elected, but surely cannot sanction this 
ostracism of loyal men who honestly op- 
posed you." 

President Lincoln replied that "he 
could scarcely believe that Gen. Huston 
had been arrested for no other ofi'ense than 
opposition to his re-election," and would 
telegraph Gen. Burbridge to " release him 

Nov. 9 to 18— Spirited correspondence 
between Gov. Bramlette and Gen. Bur- 



1864. 



CALENDAR OF EVENTS. 



147 



bridge — growing out of the "arrest and 
sending South" of Gen. John B. Huston. 
Gen. Burbridge telegraphs : " In the ex- 
ercise of power delegated to me by the 
president of the United States, I have ar- 
rested John B. Huston, and am respon- 
sible for my action to my government. 
When the civil authorities make no effort 
to suppress disloyalty, the military must 
and will." And writes: "For months 
past, Wolford, Jacob, Huston, and others, 
nave been making speeches reviling the 
Administration, and not only that — which 
would be overlooked — but also endeavor- 
ing, by their remarks, to discourage en- 
listments, and thus to weaken the power 
of the government in its efforts to sup- 
press the rebellion. This has been done 
with the apparent sanction and approval 
of the state authorities." If the latter 
had given the " hearty and cordial sup- 
port" assured, " Kentucky to-day would 
not be cursed with the presence of guer- 
rilla bands, and her loyal people outraged 
by frequent robberies and murders." 

In Gov. Bramlette's reply, he speaks of 
the " charge of dereliction against the civil 
authorities, made by innuendo and in ap- 
parent bullying tone." In reference to the 
charge of reviling speeches made by Col. 
Wolford, Lieut. Gov. Jacob, Gen. Huston, 
and others, he says: "You [Gon. Bur- 
bridge] on Thursday preceding the elec- 
tion, without any one thinking of inter- 
fering, enunciated a more reviling charge 
against the Administration than any I 
have heard of coming from any other 
source, when you concluded your speech — 
as reported in the Frankfort Common- 
wealth — with the following words, viz.: 
' Now, gentlemen, you all want pay for 
your horses, and niggers, and corn, and 
your hogs. Be cautious what record yon 
make.' This, to all who heard or read it, 
was regarded as avowing the purpose to 
take, ivithout compensation, the property of 
those who voted against Mr. Lincoln. 
You, so ' reviling the Administration' by 
charging it with such infamom purpose, 
have passed unquestioned." " As to the 
charge that those pure and incorruptible 
patriots h.-ive been endeavoring to discour- 
age enlistments, Ac., I believe it to be as 
untrue in reference to them as I know 
your charge to be untrue in reference to 
the state authorities. It is but a shallow 
pretense, gotten up upon false accusations, 
to afford a pretext for wreaking political 

vengeance upon them You know 

that at all times the state authorities have 
promptly and cordially responded to your 
calls, and earnestly aided you in all those 
objects [supporting the government, pre- 
serving the peace in the state, and sup- 
pressing guerrilla bands.] When you de- 
sired the militia called into service to aid 
you, it was promptly done — whenever and 
wherever you desired it, and for such pe- 
riod as you requested. When you desired 
the state forces employed at any place, 
they were promptly sent as requested. 
And when you were preparing to go upon 



your Saltville expedition, which resulted so 
unfortunately/ to you and the country, the 
state forces were disposed of as you re- 
quested." [The rest of the long letter is 
a masterly and powerful vindication of the 
state authorities,] and closes by saying: 
" Had your success been better and more 
approximate to your means, it would doubt- 
less have saved you from attempting to 
cover up your failures under calumnious 
charges against the state authorities, and 
would have enabled you to respond to a 
question put for information, with at least 
a decent regard to gentlemanly courtesy." 
Nov. 18— Gen, Burbridge " declines any 
further controversy," but "re-asserts the 
contents of his former letters and tele- 
grams." 

Nov. 11 — Capt. J. A. Stamper's Ky. 
militia defeat a party of Confederate re- 
cruits under Lieut. Jerry W. South, jr., 
wounding and taking prisoner the latter, 
on Holly creek, Breathitt co. 

Nov.— The rapid increase of " military 
nurders," without discretion or semblance 
)f justification, but under the plea of " re- 
taliation," alarms the leading Union men 
of the state — some of whom speak out in 
bold and earnest protest. This provokes 
military who arrest a few conspicuous 
citizens — among them, Paul R. Shipman, a 
leading editor, and Richard T.Jacob, lieu- 
Qt governor of the state, late colonel io 
the Federal army. The latter arrives in 
Louisville, under guard; Gen. Burbridge 
orders him to be sent South immediately. 

Nov. 13— This day (Sunday) in accord- 
ance with general orders of Gen. Bur- 
bridge, five guerrillas — three brothers 

named Horton, Forest and Fry — 

shot to death, 1 mile above Henderson, by 
a detachment of negro soldiers : said to be 
in retaliation for the killing of Union men 
in that vicinity. 

Nov. 14- Paul R. Shipman, one of the 
brilliant and spirited editors of the Louis- 
ville Journal, who had been ordered by 
the military through the Confederate lines 
and is on the mail boat for Catlettshurg, 
Ky., is ordered by the U. S. secretary of 
war, Edwin M. Stanton, to return to Louis- 
ville. 

Nov. 14 — Gov. Bramlette addresses a 
strong and practical letter to President 
Lincoln,-' upon the situation in Kentucky. 
Among other things he says : " I regret 
that Gen. Burbridge is pursuing a course 
calculated to exasperate and infuriate, 
rather than pacify and conciliate. His 
whole course, for weeks past, has been 
such .as was most calculated to inaugurate 

revolt and produce collisions I shall 

need your co-operation to attain that unity 
and harmony which I desire — and which, 
I doubt not, you desire — but which he will 
try to prevent, in the blunderings of a 
weak intellect and an overweening vanity. 
If the headquarters of the command- 
ant in Kentucky were at Frankfort, where 



Senate, 1865, p. 41 ; 



148 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1864 



a free exchange of views could be had, it 
would avoid the evils which have resulted 
from Burbridge's weakness. But ho and 
I can not hold personal converse, after his 
bad conduct within the last few weeks. 
Our intercourse must be restricted to 

official correspondence in writing The 

system of arrest inaugurated by Burbridge 
outrages public judgment and ought to be 
restricted. His entire want of truthful- 
ness enables him unscrupulously to make 
false charges to sustain his outrages against 
public judgment. The system inaugu- 
rated by him of trade permits, has been 
most shamefully carried ■ out in some 
places. Although his published order see??i« 
fair enough, yet the manner of its execu- 
tion revolts the public sense. Many loyal 
vien are driven out of business— after hav- 
ing paid tho tax and obtained a license, 
and for no other reason than their political 
preferences. [For his remarks about the 
" hog orders," see ayite, p. 143.] I beg of 
you, Mr. President, to assist and give me 
such aid as you have in your power in pre- 
verving peace, order, and unity in Ken- 
tucky. Our people are right and true, 
though they have been much bedeviled by 
the course of subordinate ofiicers. Bur- 
bridge will not correct these evils ; for he 
has favorites to reward and enemies to 
punish, and will use his official station to 
carry out his favoritism and personal ven- 
geance." 

Nov. 15 — Two Confederate soldiers, 
named McGee and Ferguson (the latter 
had been a citizen of Lexington), taken 
out of prison by order of Gen. Burbridge, 
and hung, near the Fair grounds in Lex- 
ington. 

Nov. 15— Under new rules of the U. S. 
war department, persons held as prisoners 
of war in the military prisons cannot be 
visited by friends and relatives, except by 
special permission, granted only in cases 
of severe illness. 

Nov. 16 — Because President Lincoln has 
set apart the 24th inst. as a day of national 
thanksgiving and prayer. Gov. Bramlette 
recommends its observance by the people 
of Ky. 

Nov. 18— Gold panic in New York ; gold 
selling at 211 K, »■ fall of 47 cts. in 10 days. 

Nov. 18— At Eddyville, Lyon co.. Gen. 
Lyon's Confederate cavalry attacks 37 of 
the 48th Ky. under Capt. Hugh M. 

Nov. 19 — Eight guerrillas sent from 
Louisville prison, by order of Gen. Bur- 
bridge, to Munfordsville, Hart co., to be 
shot to death— W. C. Martin, W. B. Dunn, 
John Edmonson, J. M. Jones, W. L. Kob- 
inson, John Tomlinson, A. B. Tudor, and 
Sanford Turley- in retaliation for the 
killing of Union men. 

Nov. 19 — Six Confederates shot to death, 
by order of Gen. Burbridge, near Oceola, 
Green co. — in retaliation for the killing of 
two Union men. One of tho six, Lycur- 
gus Morgan, is represented as one of the 
boldest, most desperate, and perfectly fear- 
less men in the world. 



Nov. 20— Thos. S. Pettit, editor Owens- 
boro Momtor, arrested by order of Gen, 
Hugh Ewin.g, and sent under guard to 
Memphis, to be thence sent through the 
Confederate lines. 

Nov. 21— Gen. Lyon's Confederate cav- 
alry overtaken in camp near Providence, 
Webster co., by Lieut. Col. Wm.W. Hester, 
with ISO of 48th Ky.— who, after a brief 
skirmish, captures the camp, some stores, 

Nov. 21— Col. Frank Wolford again ar- 
rested (the 4th time), and sent off to Cov- 
ington, en route to the Southern Confed- 

Nov. 22— Chief justice Joshua F. Bullitt, 
Thos. Jeffries, M. J. Paul, H. F. Kalfus, 
John Talbott, John Colgan, and John 
Harris — who were arrested in Louisville in 
August, charged with belonging to a secret 
political society called the " Sons of Lib- 
erty," and nominally seni off via Mem- 
phis, Tenn., into the Southern Confed- 
eracy, but really retained in the military 
prisons in that place — reach Louisville to- 
day. -Their release was secured by the 
Confederate Gen. N. B. Forrest, in ex- 
change for some citizens of Memphis, and 
engineers captured in one of his raids. 

Nov. 22 — Got. Bramlette telegraphs 
President Lincoln that " Lieot. Gov. Ja- 
cob is at Catlettsburg, and Col. Wolford at 
Covington, both under arrest, and by order 
of tho Secret Inquisition,* ordered into 
the rebel lines. Will you either order 
their release at once, or a suspension of 
the order until you receive my communi- 
cation of this date ?" The President re- 
plied from Washington city that Gen. 
Suddarth and Mr. Hodges were there, and 
with the secretary of war and himself, 
were trying to devise means of pacifica- 
tion and harmony for Kentucky. 

In his communication to the President, "j" 
Gov. Bramlette said : " I dispatched you 
by telegraph in reference to the arrest of 
Lieut. Gov. Jacob and Col. Frank Wolford, 
and the order sending them into the Con- 
federate lines. I speak what I do know, 
when I say that they are both incorrupt- 
ible patriots, and invincibly devoted to 
the preservation of the Union, and for tho 

suppression of the rebellion But I 

understand that affidavits made in some 
dark corner — extra judicial and ex parte — 
by men who are afraid to avow their in- 
famy in the face of an open tribunal, face 
to face with the men they accuse, consti- 
tute the foundation of their arrest. I say 
to you, Mr. President, that it is their ac- 
cusers that shrink from the investigation, 
and not Lieut. Gov. Jacob or Col. Wolford. 
Those who falsely accuse dread the light 
of an open investigation ; and, therefore, 
they seek to keep up a secret inquisition — 



* Generally understood as referring to a cer- 
tain cabal of five, or " Council of Evil," at Lex- 
ington—who. it was freely said, "controlled" 
the action of Gen. Burbridge. Of these, two 
were distinguished citizens, and three in eonie 
military capacity; but 
leemed proper to m ' 

t Senate Journal, 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



149 



in which to condemn without a trial, and 
punish without a hearing. There can ex- 
ist no just reason for this character of pro- 
ceeding in Kentucky. An open investiga- 
tion in the case of any man can be had in 
Kentuelty ; and if the testimony sustains 
a conviction, all will say, so mote it be. 
But this open, fair mode of proceeding — in 
conformity with the genius of our institu- 
tions and the forms of our government — 
would drive cowardly malignants to con- 
ceal their venom in their own bosoms, and 
hide their perjury in their own hearts. 
Secret inquisitorial dispatch and punish- 
ment is the field of their operations; and 
thus have they done much harm in Ken- 
tucky, not only to the interest of our 
country, but to the cause of humanity. 
Deeds of evil, done in the name of the 
government, which revolt the public judg- 
ment, are hurtful to our cause.' And so 
revolting to public judgment was the ar- 
rest of these battle-scarred veterans, that 
to their prudent patriotism we are in- 
debted for its not being resisted. Hun- 
dreds of good, true, loyal men felt so out- 
raged at the proceeding, that — in the heat 
of their indignation and zeal for what 
they deemed to be defense of outraged 
patriotism — they would have rushed to the 

forcible rescue of these men Put a 

ition — this 

men, from their homes and their country. 
Mr. President, do stop these mis- 
erable, cowardly, stay-at-home, abuse- 
every-body patriots from giving such aid 
and comfort to the rebellion — as does such 
acts as the banishment of Jacob and Wol- 
ford give. Better send their accusers ofi'; 
for they will not help us in the day of bat- 
tle, and Jacob and Wolford will." 

Nov. 2a— Gov. Bramlette issues a proc- 
lamation calling upon Kentuckians "whose 
slaves have been taken for army purposes 
to devote whatever sum the government 
may pay for them to the noble purpose of 
relieving the wants and supplying the 
necessities of the wives and children, and 
widows and orphans," of [Federal] Ken- 
tucky soldiers. He offers whatever is 
received for his two slaves ; and hopes 
"$500,000 will be dedicated to this patri- 
otic charity." 

Nov. 24 — Skirmish at Clay Village, 
Shelby CO. J' s . 

Nov. 24— City Railway company. Gen. 
Jerry T. Boyle president, opens its first 
lino of street railway on Main street, from 
Twelfth to Wenzel street, Louisville. 

Nov. 24— Destruction by fire of a two- 
story brick building, 220 by 40 feet, within 
the penitentiary walls at Frankfurt, con- 
taining the carpenter, cooper, and paint 
shops and a grist-mill ;. loss about $20,- 
000— half by the state, and half by the 
keeper, Harry I. Todd. 

Nov. 25 — Supplemental draft in several 
counties, to fill up the quota. 

Nov. 25 — Among the Confederate officers 
recenlly captured while on recruiting serv- 
ice in Ky., are Maj. Theophilus Steele, of 



Lexington, and C.apt. J. La 
of Paris, Ky. Nov. 30, the latter, while 
being conveyed as a prisoner to Johnson's 
Island, near Sandusky, Ohio, jumped from 
the train in motion, and escaped to Can- 
ada. 

Nov. 28 — Steamer Tarascon makes the 
run from Henderson to Evansville, 11'^ 
measured miles, in 53K minutes — the 
quickest trip ever made between the 
points. 

Nov. 28— Capt. Alanson M. Pulliam, 
Lieut. Peterson Roff, and XI men, of the 
27th Ky., captured by guerrillas, near 
Stephensport, Breckinridge co. 

Nov. 28— The True Presbylerian— edited 
by Rev. Dr. Stuart Robinson, " who, on 
account of his open and avowed sympathy 
with the South, is sojourning in Canada," 
whither he escaped to avoid a second ar- 
rest — suppressed by order of Gen. Bur- 
bridge. " The paper eschewed politics, 
except when condemning the attempts on 
the part of churches to decide political 
questions, or the interference of the mili- 
tary with the churches as such." 

Nov. 28— Geo. D. Prentice, editor of the 
Louisville Journal, leaves Washington city 
for Richmond, Va., to look into the case 
of his only living son, Clarence J., under 
arrest for killing, in self defence. He is 
provided with passes from both Federal 
and Confederate officials. 

Nov. 30— Guerrillas and Confederate re- 
cruits very active in middle and west- 
ern Ky. 

Dec. 1— Alex. Caldwell,a Confederate sol- 
dier, tried in the Campbell circuit court, at 
Newport, for horse-stealing, and acquitted. 
His plea that he had taken President Lin- 
coln's amnesty oath, and was thereby par- 
doned, was held not good; Judge Jos. 
Doniphan deciding that the President had 
authority to pardon offenses .against the 
constitution and laws of the Federal gov- 
ernment, but not against those of the com- 
monwealth of Kentucky. His second plea 
— that he seized the horse under the orders 
of his commanding officer, Maj. Cameron, 
C. S. A., and handed him over next day 
to the Confederate army, under Gen. Heth, 
Sept. 16, 1862— the court sustained ; and 

structed the jury that, inasmuch as the 
President of the U. S. had recognized the 
Confederate soldier as a belligerent and 

titled, as such, to the laws and immuni- 
ties of war, if they believed the horse was 
taken by the defendant as a soldier and 
by authority, for military purposes and not 
therwise, his offense was not felony, and 
they should find for defendant. 

Dec. 2— M.ij. Gen. John C. Breckin- 

dge, C. S. A., issues an order to husband 
rms and accoutrements, and to glean lead 
from the battle-fields. 

Dec. 4 — Further drafting stopped in Ky. 

Dec. 4— Guerrillas visit OwingsviUe, 
Bath CO., rob ihe stores, and make a bon- 

e in the street of many records and 

urt papers from the clerk's office. 

Dec. 7— Gold in New York 239. 

Dec. 7 to 28— Brevet Maj. Gen. Stephen 



150 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



G. Burbridge leaves Ky., with 4,000 men, 
on his seco/id Saltville (Va.) expedition. 
Among his Kentucky troops, were three 
cavalry regiments, 11th, Col. Milton Gra- 
ham, 12th, Maj. Jas. B. Harrison, 13th, 
Col. Jas. W. Weatherford, and five of 
mounted infantry, Col. Francis N. Alex- 
ander's 30th, Col. Cicero Maxwell's 26th, 
Lieut. Col. W. C. Johnson's 53d, Col. 
Harvey M. Buckley's 54th, and Lieut. Col. 
Weden O'Neal's 55th. During the expedi- 
tion, the battles of Clinch river, Marion 
and SaUville are fought; Lieut. Col. Wm. 
0. Boyle, 11th Ky. cavalry, a remarkably 
gallant officer, only 19 years old, among 
the killed, at Marion, Dec. 18. Dec. 20— 
lead works near Wytheville and salt works 
at SaUville, Gen. Burbridge's official dis- 
patch says, " are in ruins and cannot be 
repaired during the war ;" but the Con- 
federate Gen. John C. Breckinridge tele- 
graphs they " can soon be repaired ; the 
enemy are being pursued ; our troops are 
bearing the fatigue and exposure with 
groat cheerfulness ; many bridges and de- 
pots on the railroad have been burned." 
Official reports of the Federal Ky. regi- 
ments say : " The expedition was hazard- 
ous and exhausting;" the 53d "sufi'ered 
much from the excessive cold, and the 
long and fatiguing marches ;" the 11th 
" suffered terribly, having many officers 
and men frost-bitten and rendered unfit 
for service ;" the 54th " lost many men by 
exposure to the extreme cold weather." 

Dec. 9— Gen. H. B. Lyon's Confederate 
troops, with two masked batteries on the 
bank of the Cumberland river, capture the 
Thomas E. Tutt, Ben. South, and other 
steamers, and control the navigation. 

Dee. 11 — The U. S. marshal of Ky. con- 
fiscates, at Louisville, the household furni- 
ture and theological library of Rev. John 
H. Rice, D. D., in 1861 pastor of a Pres- 
byterian church there, but now a chaplain 
in the Confederate army. 

Dec. 12— In the absence of Gen. Bur- 
bridge and his troops from the state, on his 
second expedition to the salt works in Vir- 
ginia, the guerrillas seem to have undis- 
puted possession of a large portion of the 
state. 

Dec. 12— Garret Davis, of Ky., intro- 
duces in the U. S. senate a series of reso- 
lutions for the restoration of peace and the 
Union ; proposing to refer to a convention 
of all the states, as a basis of settlement, 
several important amendments to the con- 
stitution. 

Dec. 13— Capt. James H. Bridgewater, 
with 110 Ky. state troops, reinforced by 
40 Henry co. home guards, after a spirited 
engagement near Newcastle, Henry co., 
defeats Col. Geo. M. Jessee's force, which 
retreats rapidly, with serious loss. 

Dec. 17— Gen. Burbridge issues an order 
requiring ferry boats plying on the Ohio 
river to have permits, or to know that the 
owners have permits, for cattle, produce, 
and goods crossing. 

Dec. 17 — Gen. Edward M. McCook's 
forces overtake Gen. Lyon's Confederate 



cavalry at Ashbridge, McLean CO., and 
after a sharp engagement defeat and put 
them to flight, killing a number and cap- 
turing one piece of artillery. 

Dec. 18— A portion of Gen. Lyon's Con- 
federate cavalry defeated at Hopkinsville, 
Christian co., and 42 prisoners taken. 

Dec. 19— President Lincoln, by proc- 
lamation calls out 300,000 more troops. 

Dec. 19 — Only 4 newspapers in north- 
ern Ky.; 16 stopped since the war began. 

Deo. 20 — Confederate conscript-law be- 
ing enforced by Gen. Lyon in western Ky. 

Dec. 21 — Congress passes a law taxing 
all whisky manufactured after Jan 1,1865, 
$2 per gallon ; the stock on hand then is 
not to be taxed. 

Dec. 23— Gen. H. B. Lyon's Confederate 
force attacks a train at Nolin station, Har- 
din CO., having 200 Federal soldiers on 
board, which he captures after a spirited 

Dec. 23— Court house at Camphellsville, 
Taylor co., burnt by Gen. Lyon's Confed- 
erate troops, after removing the records 
and papers to a place of safety ; other 
outrages committed. 

Dec. 23— Richard Davis, formerly of 
Maysville, executed by the Federal mili- 
tary at Memphis, Tenn. He was famous 
as a Confederate soldier, then as a guer- 
rilla and bushwhacker; made a confession 
to a priest, admitted he had killed 76 
" Yankees," and was sorry he could not 
live to kill an even 100. 

Dec. 23, 24— Gen. Lyon's Confederate 
troops capture the garrison at Elizabeth- 
town, Hardin co., parole the men (45), 
burn the stockade, railroad depot, and two 
bridges ; and retreat on the arrival of a 
Federal detachment. 

Dec. 24— The wife, son and daughter of 
Maj. Gen. Wm. Preston, C. S. A., arrive 
at Boston from Europe, on steamer Africa. 
The U. S. war department refuse them per- 
mission to go by rail to Canada, or even to 
come ashore ; they must remain on board, 
and be taken back to Europe. 

Deo. 27 Hall, of Gentry's guer- 
rillas, captured on yesterday at Floyds- 
burg, Oldham oo., is publicly shot to death 
by a guard of Federal soldiers, at La- 
grange, Oldham co. 

Dec. 28— Capt. Basham and 20 guerrillas 
dash into Hardinsburgh, Breckinridge co., 
capture the home-guard arms in the court 
house, and set fire to that and other build- 
ings. The citizens rally, fire upon the guer- 
rillas, kill 2, wound 2, drive the rest from 
town, and save the buildings from the 
flames. In the afternoon, 80 mounted Con- 
federates under Capt. Simeon Hanley, H. 
Clay Hodges, and Moses Webster, demand 
the surrender of the town, saying they 
would respect private property. The citi- 
zens refuse to surrender unless allowed also 
to retain the public arms, as their only pro- 
tection against guerrillas — which is eon- 
ceded by the Confederates, who repudiate 
all connection with guerrillas. They re- 
main in the town until next day, in a 
I quiet and orderly manner. 



1865. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



151 



1865, Jan. 2— Goo. D. Prentice, editor of 
the Louisville Journal, returns to Wash- 
ington city from Kiohmond, Vn. He is 
under parole to tell nothing of what he 
saw in the capital of the Confederate 
States ; but his interposition for his son 
was successful. 

Jan. —Gen. H. B. Lyon's Confederate 
forces, on their way out of the state, visit 
Burksville, Cumberland oo., burn the 
court house, plunder the stores, and im- 
press horses. 

Jan. 4 — Adjourned meeting of the leg- 
islature. In the absence of the presiding 
officer, Lieut. Gov. Richard T. Jacob, 
(banished by Gen. Burbridge to the South- 
ern States), John B. Bruner is elected 
speaker pro iem. of the senate, 

Jan. 4— The (Radical) Union state con- 
vention in session at Frankfort, Judge 
Wm. C. Goodloe, president. Gen. Thomas 
and staff, and Gen. Burbridge and staff, 
invited to seats with the delegates. Brevet 
Maj. Gen. S. G. Burbridge, " as a reward 
for his gallant services in the field, and 
for his able administration of the affairs 
of this military district," recommended to 
the president for appointment as Brig. 
Gen. in U. S. regular army. The appear- 
ance of Joshua F. Bullitt in his seat 
chief justice of Ky., under the notorious 
circumstances existing concerning him, 
denounced as an outrage on all propriety, 
it dem.nnds the notice of the public author- 
ities, both Federal and state." The con- 
vention "approves cordially of the most 
rigorous retaliatory warfare against all 
guerrillas, raiders, and predatory bands of 
assassins and robbers, and fully endorses 
the action of the Federal militiiry author- 
ities in the discharge of these duties." It 
declares in favor of abolishing slavery fay 
an amendment to the national constitu- 
tion. 

Jan. 4— In the Union convention. Gen. 
Burbridge explains that Judge Joshua F. 
Bullitt's return to Ky. was by an exchange 
of prisoners between (Confederate) Gen. 
Forrest and (Federal) Gen. Washburne ; 
that *' he was liable to re-arrest on his re- 
turn to Ky., ought to have been arrested 
and hung, and would have been arrested 
had he not escaped. Judge B. has friends 
even among the loyal men of Louisville, 
who talk as if they would consent to all 
other traitors being punished except Judge 
Bullitt." 

Jan. 6 — Radical politicians from Ky. 
now in Washington city concur in asking 
the President to appoint Gen. Benj. F. 
Butler to the command in Ky., in case ho 
removes Gen. Burbridge. 

Jan. 6— Gov. Bramlette, in his annual 
message to the legislature, recnpitulntes 
his efforts (by a personal visit to Wash- 
ington to confer with the president and 
secretary of war) to allay excitement and 
prevent unlawful acts growing out of 
negro-recruiting: they agreeing to stop 
recruiting or drafting in each county as 
soon as its quota is filled, to confine re- 
cruiting to the regularly appointed officers 



for that service, and to remove the recruited 
negroes to camps of instruction outside of 
the state. Gen. Burbridge, who was se- 
lected to carry out these agreements, "in- 
stead of doing so, adopted the most offen- 
sive and injurious modes of violating 
them," "He also established a sys- 
tem of trade permits in violation of law 
and to the detriment of the public inter- 
ests — which, as administered, was a most 
shameful and corrupt system of partisan 
political corruption and oppression." The 
governor advises the legislature " to col- 
lect the facts, showing its corrupt use, and 
present them to the national authorities, 
in such form as to secure the abolishme'nc 
and future prohibition of all such inter- 
ferences with the lawful and necessary 
trade of the country." 

The message further says : "An attempt 
was also made, under cover of these mili- 
tary trade regulations, through the Com- 
missary department, to perpetrate a most 
extensive swindle upon the farmers of Ky. 
in the purchase of their hog crop. Under 
the trade orders none could ship or drive 
to market without a permit ; and all were 
prohibited from shipping across the Ohio 
river — thus closing the Cincinnati and 
nther markets to our farmers. The buyers 
and packers at Louisville and elsewhere 
were warned off, under threats of arrest 
and confiscation, etc. Agents, who were 
assigned to this wholesale swindle, went 
actively to work, notifying the farmers 
that the government had determined to 
take their hogs, and had fixed the price 
which they must take — a price greatly 
below the market value. To have a stop 
put to this swindle — which was being c.ir- 
ried on through the Commissary depart- 
ment, under the patronage of the com- 
mandant of the district of Ky. [Gen. Bur- 
bridge] — I sent a communication to the 
president, borne by reliable messengers, to 
cxpl.ain the details of the matter of my 
letter. The hog swindle was promptly 
ended; but not until the farmers had sus- 
tained losses to at least $300,000— yet in 
time to save them the loss of over $1,000,- 
000. It is due to the honest farmers of 
the state that you collate, or provide for 
so doing, the facts bearing upon this at- 
tempted and partially executed fraud, and 
present them also in connection with the 
military trade regulations." 

" The gravest matter of military outrage 
has been, and yet is, the arrest, imprison- 
ment, and banishment of loyal citizens 
without a hearing, and without even a 
knowledge of the charges against them. 
There have been a number of this class of 
arrests, merely for partisan political ven- 
geance, and to force them to pal/ heavy sums 
to purchase their liberation. How the spoils, 
so infamously extorted, are divided, has not 

transpired to the public information 

I recommend that the limitation to actions 
for malicious arrest and false imprison- 
ment be repealed, or so modified as not to 
begin to run until one year after the rebell- 
hall be suppressed." He further rec- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



ommenJs Ibat the offense of causing or 
procuring sucii arrests and imprisonments 
be made punishable as a felony or high 
misdemeanor. The telegrams, letters, .fee, 
growing out of the arrests of Gen. John 
B. Huston, Lieut. Gov. Richard T. Jacob, 
Col. Frank Wolford, etc., and also the re- 
port concerning the infamous conduct of 
Gen. Eleazer A. Paine, accompany the 

The message shows the total enrollment 
of persons liable to military duty in Ky. 
to be 133,493 ; of whom, from the begin- 
ning of the war to Jan. 1, 1865, 76,335 
volunteers were furnished to the U. S. 
army— 61,417 white and 14,918 colored 
troops. Nearly 7,000 more are already 
recruited under the recent call, and some 
mustered in, but no rolls yet returned. 
Thousands more have been actively em- 
ployed as home guards, state guards, and 
state forces. 

Tfaereportof A.H.Buekner,commissioner 
to investigate the defalcation of Thos. S. 
Page, late auditor, shows the total defal- 
cation to be $88,927. His term of office 
extended from Feb. 28, 1839, to Dec. 31, 
1859, nearly 21 years. 

Jan. 8 — President Lincoln sets aside 
the order of Dee. 17, restricting trade with 
Ky. Gen. Burbridge's adjutant general 
denies that such an order was ever issued. 

.Tan. 8 — Court house and public records 
at Owensboro burned, by guerrillas under 
Davidson and Porter. 

Jan. 9— U. S. senate passes a bill, by 
27 to 10, setting free the families of slaves 
who have enlisted in the U. S. army. 

Jan. 9— President Lincoln has called 
into the army, since the commencement of 
the war, 3,258,846 men. 

Jan. 10— A young man named Allen, of 
Todd CO., of Col. Malone's Confederate 
command, captured and shot to death by 
Federals, in Christian co. — said to be in 
retaliation for the shooting of a Federal 
soldier, a few days before, near the same 
place, by Malone's men. 

Jan.U — Gait House in Louisville burned 
early this morning ; two corpses found in 
the ruins ; the other guests escaped, losing 
their bagg.age ; loss on buildings and fur- 
niture $557,000, insured for $231,000; 
guests lose, in addition, $1 00,000. 

Jan. 11— Gold in New York 219. 

Jan. 11 — James Guthrie elected by the 
legislature U. S. senator for six years from 
March 4, 1865: Guthrie 65, Lovell H. 
Rousseau 66, Wm. 0. Butler 2, John B. 
Huston 3, L. Watson Andrews 1. 

Jan. 11 — Gov. Bramlette, in a special 
message, calls attention of the legislature 
to a telegram just received from the " gen- 
eral commanding" [His name is not men- 
tioned, either in the dispatch or in the 
message, but it evidently is the act of Gen. 
Burbridge,] directing " immediate stops 
for the muster out of the state troops, 
in compliance with the orders from the 
war department." The governor declares 
his "purpose to go forward and encourage 
the organization of companies for one year 



state service, under the act approved Feb. 
20, 1864 ; but the commandant of the dis- 
trict prohibits this being done This 

malevolent opposition to the employment 
of the necessary means for defense of the 
citizens of the state, and this unwarrant- 
able assumption of control over the civil 
authorities of the state, and the f/or( htj 
military threats to nullify a law of the atnte, 
should be ended." He recommends the 
appointment of a legislative committee to 
go and see President Lincoln upon the 
subject. 

Jan. 12— The special report of Wm. T. 
Samuels, state auditor, shows the total 
debt of the state, chargeable on the sink- 
ing fund, $5,284,037, and the annual in- 
terest thereon $299,765. The commission- 
ers of the sinking fund had on deposite in 
New York, Dec. 1, 1864, bearing interest, 
$570,223, and $446,969 additional cash 
assets. The par value of the slackwater 
navigation and turnpike stocks is $4,830,- 
475, and of the bank and railroad stocks 
$1,562,819 ; the present value of the former 

The report of C. D. Pennebaker, state 
agent at Washington city, shows that of 
$475,000 paid by Ky. to troops on pay- 
rolls, $66,678 is yet unrefunded by the 
general government ; and of $2,246,400 
paid by Ky. for quartermaster's stores and 
commissary supplies, $1,195,400 is yet due 
and unsettled. 

Jan. 12 — Francis P. Blair, sen., of 
Washington city — in his younger days a 
leading editor at Frankfort, Ky. — of his 
own suggestion visits Jefferson Davis, pres- 
ident of the Confederate States, at Rich- 
mond, and initiates the movement which 
results in a peace-conference, Feb. 3, in 
Hampton Roads on board the U. S. steamer 
River Queen — between President Lincoln 
and Wm. H. Seward, his secretary of state, 
and on the side of the South, Alex. H. 
Stephens, vice president, R. M. T. Hunter 
and J. A. Campbell. 

Jan. 12 — Action in Lawrence co., be- 
tween guerrillas and a detachment of 39th 
Ky.; several killed or wounded. 

Jan. — Maj. Gen. John C. Breckin- 
ridge appointed secretary of war in the 
Confederate States cabinet, vice Jas. A. 
Sedden, resigned. 

Jan. 13— Maj. Walker Taylor tenders 
his services, and those of his Confederate 
soldiers, to protect the citizens of Hardins- 
burg, Breckinridge co., from the outrages 
of guerrillas. They are accepted, and he 
co-operates with the home guards. 

Jan. 14— Gen. Walter C. AVhitaker and 
Wm. Sampson, from the senate, and Dr. 
Joshua Barnes, Alfred Allen, and Joshua 
F. Bell, from the house of representatives, 
appointed a committee to visit President 
Lincoln in person, and lay before him the 
present disturbed condition of Ky. 

Jan. —The people of Ky., with only 
one twenty-seventh of the population of 
the United States, pay one-sixth of the 
direct revenue. 

Jan. 15 — It now appears that when Gon. 



1865 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



153 



Burbriilge issued his "hog order" of Oct. 
28, 1864, [see ante, p. 144], Maj. Syraonds 
" selected the following agents for the dis- 
tricts designated: 1. C. T. Worley ; 2. E. 
H. Burnside; 3. I. S. Todd; 4. Vene P. 
Armstrong; 5. B. H. Bristow : 6. A. W. 
Holeman." Nov. 14lh, C. T. Worley 
issued a handbill at Lexington, announcing 
that he "had been appointed government 
agent for the purchase of all the hogs in 
the counties of Woodford, Jessamine, Fay- 
ette, Clark, Madison, Montgomery, Bath, 
Bourbon, Scott, Harrison and Nicholas; 
that, by order of Maj. Symonds, U. S. 
commissary at Louisville, no hogs will be 
allowed to be taken out of the district by any 
one hul his [Worley's] agents ; that his 
agents are authorized to pay, for all good 
merchantable hogs weighing 200 pounds 
and upwards, $8 per hundred, if delivered at 
the neighborhood scales, or $9 if delivered 
at the yovertiment pens in Louisville ; that 
the cash will be paid by him, at Lexinyton, 
upon the presentation of the agent's re- 
ceipts for the hogs." 

It also appears that only about 60,000 
hogs were purchased by Maj. Symond's 
agents — at an average loss to the farmer, 
compared with the prices paid elsewhere, 
of $5 per head, or $300,000, as stated in 
Gov. Bramlette's annual message, Jan. 4. 
Great indignation is felt, all over the state, 
[except in the Legislature, which took no 
notice of the governor's recommendation,] 
at the "swindle,"— not only at the mili- 
tary authorities who used their power and 
threats to carry it out, but at the private 
individuals who were suspected, or more 
than suspected, of " sharing in the spoils 
of the plunder." 

Jan. 16— The auditor reports 4,568 sheep 
killed by dogs, and their value $12,176, in 

1864. The' remaining 90 counties made 

Jan. 18— Death, near Frankfort, of Rev. 
David C. Proctor, aged 69, a Presbyterian 
minister, at one time president of Centre 
College. 

Jan. 18— Capt. Edwin Terrell and 13 
men have a desperate fight with guerrillas, 
killing 3, near New Haven, Nelson co. 

Jan. 20— Fight at West Point, Hardin 
CO., between the citizens and guerrillas 
under Ben. Wiggington ; \V. was badly 
wounded. 

Jan. 20— Nathaniel Marks, of Grayson, 
Carter co., a Confederate soldier of Co. A, 
10th Ky.l executed at Louisville; he was 
condemned as a guerrilla, by a military 
commission ; he protested his innocence, to 
the last. 

Jan. 20 — Legislature, by resolution, 
provides for the removal of the remains of 
the two pioneers, John Finley and Simon 
Kenton, to the cemetery at Frankfort. 
[Never carried out.] 

Jan. 20— Maj. Gen. Geo. H. Thomas 
issues an order, in substance, that all de- 
serters from the rebel army who reside in 
Ky., will be allowed to take the amnesty 
oath and go to their homes — if they first 



report at Nashville, and furnish satisfac- 
tory evidence of intention to become peace- 
able citizens. 

Jan. 21 — Near Bruce's Mills, Hopkins 
CO., Capt. Sam. Taylor's Confederate sol- 
diers, in a brisk skirmish, wound 3 and 
capture 11 Federal soldiers, the rest escap- 
ing. 

Jan. 21 — Legislature increases the fees 
of clerks of courts, county judges, jus- 
tices of the peace, sheriffs, constables, and 

other oflBcers 28— Offices of public 

administrator and guardian established. 

31— Tax levied upon dogs, of $1 

each— for benefit of common school fund ; 
and owners made responsible for all dam- 
ages by dogs. 

Jan. 21— Rev. Chas. W. Forman, mis- 
sionary of the Presbyterian church to 
Northern India, formerly of Washington, 
Mason co., declines the degree of D. D., 
conferred on him, last June, by Centre 
College. 

Jan. 23 — A special auditor's report 
shows the valuation of taxable property 
in Ky. for the years named, (except for 
the 11 counties of Breathitt, Calloway, 
Floyd, Fulton, Graves, Letcher, Morgan, 
Perry, Pike, Wayne, and Wolfe, which 
made no returns for 1864.) 
Years. Valuation. Increase. Decrease, 



1S64.. 



4i;4,472,(l.-i6 

. 3.1l,5li2,3.'iO 

. 36>l,.il5,M3 $18 

. 373,129,756 5 



1,213 . 



Jan. 24 — A special auditor's report 
shows that $570,000 in gold coin and $30,- 
000 in silver coin received by the state in 
part of her dividend from the Southern 
Bank of Ky., in liquidation, sold, between 
March 1 and April 1, 1864, at 50 per cent, 
premium for the silver, and 68@69J4 pre- 
mium for the gold ; producing in all $973,- 
080, or an average premium of 62>^. 

Jan. 25— A Federal scout of 16, near 
Mt. Eden, Spencer co., rout some guer- 
rillas, killing 1 ; they also capture 1, and 
execute him on the spot. 

Jan. 25 — Guerrillas have recently burned 
the court houses at Albany, Clinton co., at 
Marion, Crittenden co., and at Taylors- 
ville, Spencer co. 

Jan. 27 — Military prison at Louisville 
destroyed by fire ; 30 sick and wounded 
"rebel" prisoners escape; one, John A. 
Moore, is burned to death. 

•Jan. 27 — 5 guerrillas, with one-armed 
Lieut. Berry at their bead, hold in check 
for 20 minutes, 30 Federal soldiers, near 
Bardstown, Nelson co. 

Jan. 28 — 18 Federal home guards go 
into Bloomfield, Nelson co., and are plun- 
dering the stores ; when 60 guerrillas un- 
der Sue Munday and Magruder dash into 
the town and attack them, killing 17. 

Jan. 28— Publication of the Lexington 
Observer & Reporter resumed, by the " 06- 
server & Reporter Printing Co.;" subscrip- 
tion price of semi-weekly increased to $5, 
and of weekly to $3. It had been sus- 
pended since Oct. 29, just 3 months, by 
the refusal of the " Board of Trade " Jno. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



B. Wilgus, president, to grant a permit to 
purchase printing paper and ink; "ac- 
cording to instructions to the Board, they 
could not grant a permit." The veteran 
editor, D. Cnrmichael Wickliffe, relates 
the circumstances, and adds: "This looks 
as if these men intended to use their 
power fiT the suppression of the paper, 
for reasons known to themselves ; it re- 
mained suspended until the whole system 
of trade regulations, with the boards of 
trade themselves, (which hung like the pall 
of (iea<A upon the business of this city,) 
were swept out of existence by the same 
hand that created them." 

Jan. 29— Skirmish at Bardstown, Nel- 
son CO., between a detachment of Col. 
Buckley's 64th Ky. (Federal) and Sue 
Munday's guerrillas ; latter repulsed. 

Jan. 29—40 Confederate soldiers, Capt. 
Clark's 4th Mo. cavalry, make a raid on 
Danville, Boyle co. Brig. Gen. S. S. Fry 
and provost marshal AVm. Goodloe make 
"'double-quick on horseback" to Camp 



-Capt. Jas. H. Bridgewater, 
troops, overtakes 13 of Capt. 



Nels 

Jan. 
with 45 

Clark's Confederates 5 miles from 
burg, Mercer co., kills 2, wounds 4, and 
takes 5 or 6 prisoners. 

Jan. 30— The Louisville Journal pub- 
lishes a letter from Lieut..Gov. Richard T. 
Jacob — who has just returned to Ky., via 
Kichmond, Va., and Washington city, 
from his forced exile to the South. He 
says he was arrested, Nov. 11, at his coun- 
try home, on the Ohio river, 25 miles above 
Louisville, by order of Gen. Burbridge, 
but at the instance of Rev. Dr. Robert J. 
Breckinridge, " for the latter's revenge, not 
patriotism." [His invective against the 
two, as " master and tool," authors " of 
the most intolerable suffering in Ky.," is 
one of the most merciless and scathing in 
the history of Kentucky politics and per- 
sonalities.] " He was, by order of Gen. 
Burbridge, carried under strict guard, and 
expelled through the Federal lines— under 
penalty of death if he returned before the 
war was over." He refused " to accept 
any thing but unconditional release — he 
would perish in exile first." Feb. 4, he 
appeared in the senate, as speaker of that 
body, and delivered a thrilling, indignant 
and patriotic address — which, by 19 to 9, 
was ordered spread upon the journal, and 
1,000 copies printed for the use of sen- 

Feb. 1, 2— In the state senate, J. D. 
Landrum makes two separate efforts to 
have so much of the governor's message 
and documents as relates to the conduct 
of Lucien Anderson and other citizens at 
Paducah referred to- a select committee,- 
but the senate laid both resolutions on the 
table. In the house, a similar effort failed 
twice ; and on the third effort, the resolu- 
tions were ordered to be printed, but re- 
ceived no further attention. 

Feb. 2—25 guerrillas under Capts. Sue 
Munday [i. c. Jerome Clarke] and Quan- 
trill dash into Midway, Woodford co., rob 



the citizens, and burn the railroad depot ; 
thence visit the farm of R. Aitcheson 
Alexander, robbing him of 15 fine blooded 
horses. 

Feb. 5 — In a note to the Lexington 
Unionist, Gen. Burbridge denies that Rev. 
Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge had anything 
to do with the arrest of Lieut. Gov. Jacob; 
he alone is responsible for the act. 

Feb. 7— Of 1,663 Kentuckians in Camp 
Douglas, Chicago, as Confederate prison- 
ers of war, 241 refuse to be " exchanged" 
and go back into the service ; the others 
are to be sent off to be exchanged. 

Feb. 7— By act of the legislature, taxes 
hereafter are to be paid to the sheriff at 
the county seat ; if not, he is authorized 
to collect 10 per cent, additional tax, and 
retain it for his compensation Com- 
mon school law amended 9 — Tax of 

50 cents per share to be paid by all Na- 
tional Banks, same as other banks 

10 — If no officers authorized to grant mar- 
riage license in the county where female 
intending marriage resides, license may be 

obtained in adjoining county 14 — 

County courts may increase the poll tax to 
$2 Railroads from Louisville to Lex- 
ington authorized to charge increased 

rates, 10 per cent 22— Substitute 

brokers taking substitutes out of this state 
may be fined $1,000 and imprisoned one 

year Ky. banks deprived of the right 

to issue bank notes for 3 years, but allowed 

other privileges Increased salaries 

allowed state officers and their clerks 

23 — Salaries of circuit judges raised to 

$2,000 24 — Common pleas court for 

Jefferson co. established $S2,960 ap- 
propriated to complete buildings of West- 
ern Lunatic Asylum Compensation 

of public printer and public binder in- 
creased 33^ per cent Salary of super- 
intendent of public instruction raised to 

$1,700 and that of his clerk to $700 

27 — Further provisions about state agent 
at Washington city, and his salary raised 

to $4, 000 Governor to appoint agents 

to visit and aid sick and wounded soldiers 

of Ky Sale of tobacco in Louisville 

further regulated Several acts to re- 
lieve the inconvenience of no courts being 
held, owing to the war, in some counties. 

Feb. 7— Gov. Bramlette transmits to the 
legislature for action the joint resolution 
of congress proposing, as an amendment 
to the constitution of the United States, 
ARTICLE XIII. . 
Sec. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary 
servitude, except as a punishment for 
crime, whereof the party shall have been 
duly convicted, shall exist within the 
United States, or any place subject to 
their jurisdiction. 

Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to 
enforce this article by appropriate legis- 
lation. [Approved Feb. 1, 1865.] 

The governor's message, while not in 
terms recommending its ratification, ably 
reasons in favor of it; suggesting "that, 
as England, in the act of 1833 abolishing 
slavery, appropriated £20,000,000 [nearly 



1865. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



155 



$100,000,000] to compensate the owners- 
it cannot be that our government wiil be 
less just, if we accept the amendment upon 
condition that the assessed value of 1864 
be paid to the state to compensate owners 
who are to be affected by the proposed 
amendment. Our slave property was as- 
sessed for taxation in 1860, before the war 
began, at $107,494,527. In 1863, the effect 
of rebellion and unfriendly legislation re- 
duced the valuation to $57,511,770; and 
in 1864 to $34,179,246." 

In the senate, Feb. 20, Henry D. Mo- 
Henry made t majority report from the 
judiciary committee, in favor of rejecting 
Article XIII. John F. Fisk moved a sub- 
stitute and resolutions ratifying said Ar- 
ticle, and " requesting our senators and 
representatives in congress to urge that 
compensation for losses in slave property 
be made to lot/at men who have not partici- 
pated in the rebellion, nor given it aid and 
comfort — said rebellion and the measures 
necessary for its suppression having prac- 
tically destroyed property in slaves." 
Jas. F. Robinson made a minority report, 
with resolutions ratifying Article XIII, 
upon the payment by the United States to 
the state of Kentucky, for the use of its 
citizens, owners of slaves, of $36,530,496— 
the assessed value in 1864 — as compensa- 
tion for all claims for value of slaves en- 
listed or drafted into the U. S. army, and 
for all other claims growing out of the 
labor and service of their slaves ; provid- 
ing, further, that all laws concerning 
slaves shall be repealed, and thenceforth 
they shall have all the rights, responsi- 
bilities, and privileges of free-born colored 
persons ; that they shall remove from the 
state within 10 years after their emanci- 
pation is perfected ; and the state of Ky. 
will accept said sum as in full of all values 
and liabilities, and sacredly distribute it 
according to the just claims of slave own- 
ers. The majority report was adopted, by 
21 to 13. 

In the house, Feb. 11, E. H. Smith, of 
Grant co., offered resolutions submitting 
the question of ratification to a vote of the 
people next August. Wm. R. Kinney 
offered the same resolution as that of .Mr. 
risk in the senate. Feb. 1 7, Jas. F. Lauck 
offered resolutions in favor of rejection, 
which were adopted, Feb. 23, by 56 to 28. 

Gov. Bramlette, March 1, sent a mes- 
sage to the legislature, saying he regarded 
its .action as complete without his ap- 
proval ; but expressing his opinion that 
the rejection now only remits the question 
to the next and each succeeding legisla- 
ture until ratification shall take place. 

Feb. 8— By order of the V. S. war de- 
partment. Gen. Burbridge revokes his own 
order of Feb. 6, to disband the Ky. state 
troops being raised for defense against 

Feb. 10— $98,917 appropriated for build- 
ings and improvements in the peniten- 
tiary ; of which, $53,293 for a workshop, 
$18,323 for a chapel and dining-room, 
$4,452 for a smoke-house, '$11,000 for 



steam heating apparatus, and $11,848 for 
steam engine, boilers, ic. 

Feb. 10— The Louisville Journal, of this 
morning, has this announcement: " Maj. 
Gen. John M. Palmer, of III., has been 
appointed to command in Ky. Thank 
God and President Lincoln 1" 

Feb. 16— Gold in New York 204}^. 

Feb. 20— The legislature invites Maj. 
Gen. John M. Palmer, the new military 
commandant of the state, to occupy the 
hall of the house of representatives from 
11 to 12, this A. M., to enable the members 
and others to pay their personal respects 
to him ; and afterwards adopts a hand- 
some resolution of welcome to him. 

Feb. 20 — Capt. Bates and some Grayson 
CO. home guards attack a camp of guer- 
rillas near Hartford, Ohio Co., .nnd after a 
brisk skirmish kill 6, wound 4, and dis- 
perse the balance ; home guards lose 1 
killed and 1 wounded. 

Feb. 21— Wm. Hughes, with 15 guer- 
rillas, captures and burns a freight train 
on the Lebanon branch railroad in Ma- 

Feb. 21 — Guerrillas burn the court house 
at Hodgenville, Larue eo,; because it had 
been used as a barracks for Federal soldiers. 

Feb. 22— Col. Robert J. Breckinridge, 
jr., of the Confederate army, captured, 
near Versailles, Woodford co. On his 
person was found an order from Maj. Gen. 
John C. Breckinridge, dated Wytheville, 
Tenn., Jan. 6, commanding all persons in 
Ky. upon Confederate lecruiting service to 
report immediately to Col. B. and obey his 
orders ; those failing to do this, " will be 
at once reported to the military authori- 
ties in Ky. as not recognized by the Confed- 
erate government, and not entitled, if cap- 
tured, to be treated an prisonerit of war." 

Feb. 22— Gen. Palmer, by general orders 
No. 2, " in accordance with directions 
from the war department, relieves Brevet 
Maj. Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge from the 
command of the district of Ky." — order- 
ing him to report to Gen. Thomas at Nash- 
ville, for duty in the field. 

Feb. 22— The legislative committee ap- 
pointed to go and see President Lincoln 
and his secretary of war E. M. Stanton, 
report in substance that they saw and 
consulted with them, and at their request 
laid before them in writing the commit- 
tee's plans and propositions for putting 
down the guerrillas, Mr. Stanton prom- 
ised to " think about it," "and it is pre- 
sumed that the plans of the president and 
secretary of war are committed to Gen, 
Palmer for execution." 

Feb. 22— The act establishing an Agri- 
cultural College in Ky. — which passed the 
senate by 20 to 10, and the house by 64 to 
19 — provides for its establishment in or. 
near Lexington, as a college of Kentucky 
University ; " its leading object to teach 
such branches of learning as are related to 
agriculture and the mechanical arts, in- 
cluding military tactics, without exclud- 
ing other scientific and classical studies ;" 
a model farm, *' whereon the student may 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1865 



be ennbled to earn his support while being 
educated, in whole or in part, by his labor 
and industry ;" " in the appointment of 
professors, instructors, and other officers 



its, no partiality < 



referi 



lion over another, nor shall a majority of 
the professors belong to the same religious 
denomination ;" " nor shall anything sec- 
tarian be taught therein ;" all the income 
of the fund from the sale of the land scrip 
donated by congress shall be used for the 
proper expenses of this college and farm : 
the governor and senate shall appoint, ev- 
ery two years, a board of six visitors ; each 
representative district [100 in all] shall be 
entitled to send to said college free of 
charge, one properly prepared pupil, (and 
3 from each district, 300 in all, whenever 
the whole of said land scrip shall be sold 
and invested)— said right to free tuition 
extending to every college or class in Ky. 
University, except those of law and med- 
icine ; said pupils to be selected by the 
majority of justices of the peace in each 
representative district. The legislature 
" reserves the right to modify and repeal 
at pleasure so much of this act as refers to 
the establishment of the agricultural and 
mechanical college." [This was based upon 
a merging or consolidation of Transylva- 
nia University— its buildings and property 
of over $100,000 in value, and its cash 
funds of $59,000, yielding over $3,500 an- 
nual income — into or with Ky. University, 
now at Harrodsburg, with a cash endow- 
ment of $200,000 and annual income of 
about $12,000 ; but to be removed to Lex- 
ington, and to raise $100,000 additional, 
to purchase a farm and erect buildings 
and improvements to carry out the Act. 
Feb. 28 — The legislature provides for the 
sale of the land scrip, by the commission- 
ers of the sinking fund, and the invest- 
ment of the proceeds in Ky., or U. S. 
bonds — the annual interest to be paid over 
to the Agricultural College. Another Act 
consolidates the two universities ; and pro- 
vides that Ky. University is bound to re- 
fund to the citizens of Mercer co., who may 
claim it, the scholarships and coupons sub- 
scribed by them. Paris and Bourbon co. 
had made a handsome proposition to se- 
cure the Agricultural College fund, which 
secured 9 votes in the senate ; the offer of 
Ky. University was much more liberal, 
and therefore successful.] 

Feb. 23 — From official documents it ap- 
pears that nearly 7,000 men who were 
drafted, in 1864, in Ky., failed to report, 
and are now considered deserters. 

Feb. 25— Several farms within 5 miles 
of Lexington sold at auction at prices 
ranging from $110 to $135^ per acre. 

Feb. 25— Gen. Palmer encourages de- 
serters from the Confederate army, by an 
order that all such now in Ky. or who may 
come into Ky. shall report to the county 
provost marshal and be registered— there- 
by renouncing further connection with the 
Confederate government and becoming en- 
titled to U. S. military protection. 



Feb. 27 — President Lincoln signs the 
bill introduced into the U. S. senate by 
Gov. Powell, of Ky. — which passed the 
senate by a large majority, and the house 
of representatives by 113 to 19 — to pre- 
vent military interference with elections; 
the penalties for violation are very se- 

Feb. 28— The Frankfort Commonwealth, 
the great central organ of the Radical 
Union party in Ky., defends President 
Lincoln and secretary of war Edwin M. 
Stanton for placing Maj. Gen. Palmer in 
command of the department of Ky., in 
the room of Gen. Burbridge ; and reads a 
sound lecture to " certain gentlemen in 
and around Lexington, who claim to be 
the exclusive Radical Party in Ky., and 
who seem to think that Gen. Burbridge 
can do no wrong — particularly when he is 
aided in his administration of military 

affairs in Ky., by their sage advice." 

" Mr. Lincoln either had to change his 
commander here, or give the whole of his 
time to the management of Ky. affairs. 
To give a few illustrations : Gen. Bur- 
bridge issued a general order, during last 
summer, requiring all the people of Ky. 
to obtain Permits from Boards of Trade, 
appointed in each congressional district. 
Every person in Ky. knows how exceed- 
ingly oppressive this order was upon the 
great mass of the people, and how very 
few did and could avail themselves of its 
benefits. Hundreds — we may say thou- 
sands of persons had paid to the Revenue 
Collectors in Ky. a license tax to transact, 
for twelve months, a particular kind of 
business, who were refused a permit by 
these boards of trade. Was this right? 
Was it just? President Lincoln did not 
think it either right or just, and gave 
directions to Gen. Burbridge that it should 
be discontinued. When Maj. Symonds, 
backed by Gen. Burbridge, issued the cel- 
ebrated hog order in Oct. — commonly 
known as the "Great Hog Swindle" in 
Ky. — President Lincoln did not know that 
such an order was in existence, nor that 
the people were being swindled, in the 
name of the general government, out of from 
$2:50 to $4 for each 100 pounds of their 
pork. But when the President did under- 
stand this, he immediately directed Gen. 
Burbridge to revoke the order, and let the 
people sell to whom they pleased and for 
what prices they could obtain. By the 
way, how much pork did the general gov- 
ernment obtain, under this general order 
of Maj. Symonds and Gen. Burbridge?" 
The Commonwealth further instances the 
arrest of Col. AVolford and Lieut. Gov. 
Jacob — both of whom the President re- 
leased. 

Feb. 28 — Maj. Hamilton's command at 
Hawesville and Cloverport rout the guer- 
rilla band of Davison and Magruder, badly 
wounding the latter. 

March 1 — Legislature authorizes the 
building of turnpikes of less th.^n 6 miles, 
the tolls to be in proportion to the distance 
traveled 2 — Any school district may 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



157 



levy a special school tax, for building, re- 
jiairing or furnishing a school house, pay- 
ing a teacher, or other school object 

4— Increase of tax for the ordinary ex- 
penses of government, 5 cents on each $100 
of taxable property Justices in Jef- 
ferson and Kenton counties to have orig- 
inal common law jurisdiction to $100, and 

equity jurisdiction to $30 The bank 

notes of the Southern Bank of Ky. (now 
in liquidation, by law) no longer to circu- 
late as money, but to be treated as prom- 
issory notes Militia law altered and 

re-enacted Governor to appoint a 

committee to inquire into the iniquities 
and abuses of the boards of trade sys- 
tem Chief justice Joshua F. Bullitt 

summoned for trial before the legislature. 
May 23, on the charge of belonging to a 
treasonable association ; and President 
Lincoln requested to grant to Judge B., 
who is now in Canada, such respite from 
arrest that he may be present at his trial. 

6— Legislature adjourns to May 16. 

March 1— A bill in the senate to author- 
ize any count}' to issue bonds not exceeding 
$50,000, for bounties to volunteers, in order 
to avoid the draft, is laid on the table, by 
16 to 8. Next day, a bill providing for 
the payment of a state bounty of $100, 
was laid upon the table, by 15 to 9. 

March 1— Guerrillas enter Louisville, 
help themselves to Julius Fosses' (assist- 
ant inspector general of cavalry) two ele- 
gant horses, valued at $2,000, and dash out 
of the city, leaving their compliments to 
Capt. F. 

March 3 — A motion directing the auditor 
to suspend any further payment of salary 
to Judge Bullitt until after his case is 
finally tried and disposed of, is voted 
down in the house. 

March 6 — 142 charters for coil oil or 
petroleum companies granted by the leg- 
islature during this session. 

March 6 — Mason, Boone, Nicholas, 
Campbell, Greenup, Gallatin, Bracken, 
Grant, Kenton, Butler, Carroll, Livingston, 
Lynn, Caldwell, Fleming, Oldham, and 
Jefferson counties, and the city of Louis- 
ville, each authorized by special legisla- 
tion to raise a bounty fund to aid enlist- 
ments and provide substitutes. 

March 8 — Great freshet in the Ohio 
river ; all the stores along the levee in 
Louisville, from 3d to 9th st., under water. 
March 12 — The people of Columbus, 
Hickman Co., ordered to build a levee in 
front of the town. The military superin- 
tend the job, and negro soldiers are the 
guard that stands over white citizens while 

March 12— Death at Stanford, Lincoln 
CO., of Rev. James C. Barnes, D. D., the 
oldest Presbyterian minister in the state. 
He preached in the morning (Sunday), 
and died in the afternoon. 

March 12— Sue Munday (i. e. Marcus 
Jerome Clarke), Capt. Billy Magruder, and 
Henry Metcalfe, three notorious guerrillas, 
surprised and captured, near Webster, 
Breckinridge co., by a detachment of 50 



soldiers of 30th Wisconsin, sent from Lou- 
isville. The others were nursing Magru- 
der, who was dangerously wounded on 
Feb. 28. Munday wounded 4 Federals, 
one mortally, and refused to surrender 
until promised that he should be treated 
as a prisoner of war. This promise was 
dishonored ; for he was captured on Sun- 
day morning, taken to Louisville, tried 
and convicted for acts as a guerrilla on 
Tuesday, and hung on Wednesday, March 
15, at 4 p. M. He is only 20 years old. 
Shortly before his death, he said, if allowed 
to do so, he could prove that he had been 
a Confederate soldier for nearlv four years, 
was in the battle of Fort Donelson, with 
Gen. Morgan in Ky., wounded at Cynthi- 
ana and cut off from his command, and 
remained in Ky.; but the court martial 
refused to let him introduce witnesses. He 
denied his guilt of many outrages charged 
against him but committed by others. 
Just before he was taken from prison to be 
executed, he penned a very touching letter 
to a young lady to whom he was be- 
trothed. 

March 13 — The Louisville Jotmialhus a 
severe article against Joseph Holt, now 
Advocate General of the United States at 
Washington city — charging him with (al- 
though advised of them) omitting the 
most startling, terrible, and easily proved 
outrages from the list of charges against 
Gen. E. A. Paine, on which he is now being 
tried by court martial, and ordering trial 
only on those which are least material and 
most plausibly explained. No wonder 
Paine is acquitted ! 

March 15 — Skirmish at Pitts' Point, 
Bullitt CO., between the citizens and guer- 
rillas under two brothers named Wigging- 
ton ; one of whom was killed and his party 
dispersed. 

March 23 — Judge L. Watson Andrews, 
in the Carlisle circuit court, decides as un- 
constitutional the late act of congress lib- 
erating the wives and children of enlisted 
negro soldiers. 

March 23 — Gen. Palmer revokes the 
order prohibiting the circulation in Ky. of 
the Cincinnati Enquirer, 

March 23— The extensive hotel build- 
ings at Drennon Springs, Henry co., de- 
stroyed by fire. 

March 25 — Engagement for three hours, 
near Garnettsville, Meade co., between 
guerrillas under Hays, Marion, and Web- 
ster, and 25 Federals under Capt. W. C. 
Sh.annon. 

March 26— A portion of the 54th Ky. 
under Moj. John D. Russell and Capt. 
Geo. T. Buckley come upon a party of 
guerrillas near New Liberty, Owen Co., 
kill 3, wound 3, and disperse the rest. 

March 27 — Robert Mallory, late repre- 
sentative in congress, while addressing 
the people at Lagrange, Oldham co., was 
interrupted by a lieutenant from Ohio, who 
pronounced him a rebel. Mallory told 
him he lied; whereupon the lieutenant 
brought up a file of soldiers with fixed 
bayonets, and told him he ghould not speak. 



158 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Mallory was disposed to go on, and risk 
the issue, but his friends persuaded him to 
desist and avoid a difficulty. 

March 29— Desperate fight, 30 miles 
from Paducah, between guerrillas under 
Capt. JIcDougall, and Federals under 
Capt. Gregory ; both officers killed. 

March 31— W. F. Asheraft, Alfred Nich- 
ols, and Thos. B. Payne, found guilty by 
a military commission of being guerrillas, 
and condemned to be shot to-day at Lex- 
ington ; but respited for 30 days. 

April 1 — Phil. Tomppert, the Demo- 
cratic candidate, elected Mayor of Louis- 
ville. 

April 9 — Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders 
the army of Northern Virginia to Gen. 
Ulysses S. Grant, at Appomattox C. H., 
Va.; the officers to retain their side-arms 
and private horses and baggage, and to 
give their parole and a parole for their 
men not to take up arms against the Unit- 
ed States until properly exchanged ; the 
arms, artillery, and public property to be 
packed or stacked, and turned over to 
a U. S. officer. 

April 13 — Gen. Jos. E. Johnston, com- 
manding Confederate army, and Maj. Gen. 
Wm. T. Sherman, "comm.anding the army 
of the United States in North Carolina," 
near Durham's Station, Orange co.. North 
Carolina, about 27 miles from Raleigh, 
make a memorandum or basis of agree- 
ment — under which, if approved by their 
principal powers, the Confederate armies 
are to be disbanded, conducted to the sev- 
eral state capitals to deposit their arms 
and public property, and each officer and 
man to execute an agreement to cease from 
acts of war; the Southern state govern- 
ments, upon their officers and legislatures 
taking the oath prescribed by the U. S. 
constitution, to be recognized by the U. S. 
executive ; the Federal courts to be re- 
established ; the Southern people to be 
guaranteed their political rights and fran- 
chises, as well as their constitutional rights 
of person and property ; war to cease ; and 
a general amnesty. President Johnson 
and his cabinet disavow and disapprove 
of the Sherman-Johnston contract; and, 
April 26, Gen. Sherman, by instructions, 
demands and receives a surrender of Gen. 
Johnston's army, "on the same terms as 
were given to Gen. Lee, pure and simple." 
[This surrender includes a large portion 
of the Confederate troops from Ky.] 

[The number surrendered and paroled 
by Gen. Johnston was 31,243, with 108 
pieces of artillery, &c.; by Gen. Lee 27,805; 
by Lieut. Gen. Richard Taylor 42,293, and 
by Gen. E. Kirby Smith 17,686. The total 
number of Confederates surrendered, by 
all the armies, was 174,223, besides about 
2,600 in Ky., (1,105 of Giltner's, or Mor- 
gan's old, command,) and 98,802 prison- 
ers of war— 275,625 in all. By the official 
reports, the aggregate Federal military 
force, on March 1, 1865, was 966,591— in- 
creased by enlistments to 1,000,516, on the 
1st of May, 1865— besides the prisoners in 
Confederate hands, number not known. 



April 13— Gold in New York 146. 

April 14 — Assassination of Abraham 
Lincoln, president of the United States, 
in Ford's theatre, Washington city, by J. 
M'ilkes Booth, the actor. 

April 14— Col. Geo. M. Jessee, Moses 
Webster, and others offer to surrender 
upon the same terms that Gen. Lee and 
his army surrendered to Qen. Grant. Gen. 
Palmer announces that '^ each man, officer 
and soldier, must make a personal surren- 
der, and surrender his arms and horses." 
" No man will be allowed to surrender 
who has been guilty of crime against the 
rules of civilized warfare ; persons charged 
with such offense may surrender to answer 
such charges, and they will be heard be- 
fore a commission." 

April 15 — Andrew Johnson, vice presi- 
dent, inaugurated as president of the Uni- 
ted States. 

April 17 — A Federal scouting party routs 
a lot of guerrillas beyond Mountsterling, 
kills Wash. Carter and David Doom, the 
leaders, and wounds others. 

April 17 — Gov. Bramlette, by proclama- 
tion, calls upon the people of Kentucky 
" to pay homage to the national grief" at 
the death of the chief magistrate, and at 
the hour of bis funeral, 12 m., on Wednes- 
day 19th, "let every church bell through- 
out the commonwe.T,lth be tolled ; on that 
day let all business be suspended, all busi- 
ness houses closed, and the public offices 
closed and draped in mourning." 

April 18 — A large public meeting in 
Louisville adopts resolutions of respect to 
the memory of President Lincoln. Gov. 
Bramlette presided, and he and Senator 
Guthrie addressed the meeting. Next day 
(Wednesday) was observed as a day of hu- 
miliation and sorrow, the business houses 
closed, and a funeral procession three miles 
in length marched through the streets. 
Similar demonstrations of respect in other 
places. 

April 20— Among the Confederate sol- 
diers returning home, and duly registering 
their names according to the order of Gen. 
Palmer guaranteeing their protection, is 
Capt. Mat. Carey, of Newport, Campbell 
CO. Some violent '* stay-at-home patriots" 
peremptorily order him to leave the city, 
which he did. Provost marshal W. H. 
Bennett "calls upon all good citizens to 
aid him in preserving the public peace, 
and in protecting from injury those who 
have Gen. Palmer's pledge for their pro- 
tection and security ; they shall be pro- 
tected by all means at his disposal." Oth- 
ers, in other places, are treated like Capt. 
Carey. 

April 20, 22 — Singular correspondence 
between James S. Brisbin, " brevet brig- 
adier general, and S. 0. U. S. troops," 
and Guv. Bramlette. The former's letter 
shows how emancipation is being forced on 
Ky., notwithstanding the U. S. secretary 
of war has announced that " recruiting 
and drafting for the U. S. army is discon- 
tinued for the present." Gen. Brisbin 
seems to be at the head of the negro re- 



1865. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



159 



cruiting business in Ky., informs the gov- 
ernor that he is engaged in recruiting 17 
additional regiments in the state, that 
" negro enlistment has bankrupted slavery 
in Ky., over 22,000 of the most valuable 
slaves having already gone into service, 
while the few thousands left are being 
rapidly gathered up by the recruiting offi- 
cers and put into the army. Even old men 
and boys are found to be fit for duty in in- 
valid regiments, and are taken. From 70 
to 100 enlist daily, freeing, under the law 
of congress of March 3, 1865, an average 
of 5 women and children per man. Thus 
from 300 (() 500 black people are daily 
made free through the imtrumentality of the 

April 21 — Gov. Bramlette appoints 
Thursday, June 1, as a day of fasting, 
humiliation and prayer. 

April 24 — Maj. Gen. Burbridge pre- 
sented, at Camp Nelson, with a $1,000 
sword, belt and spurs, by the colored cav- 
alry in brigades 5th and 6th, U. S. C. C. 
of K3\ Gen. Brisbin made the presenta- 
tion speech, in which he spoke of Gen. 
Burbridge as " the pioneer of freedom to 
the slaves of Ky." Gen. Burbridge said 
"the war is over with the rebels, and he 
expected and hoped soon to see our colored 
troops sent into Mexico." 

April 26 — J. Wilkes Booth, the assassin 
of the president, killed in St. Mary's CO., 
Maryland. 

April 28 — Explosion and burning of the 
steamboat Sultana, 7 miles above Mem- 
phis, with 2,175 persons on board— 1,966 
of them paroled Union soldiers. Over 
1,400, many of them Kentuckians, lost. 

April 29— Gen. Palmer issues an order 
saying " the power of arrest will hereafter 
besparingly exercised, and directed against 
real offenders. There is no dignity or jus- 
tice in pursuing foolish people for foolish 
words. The bands now prowling through 
the country are simply guerrillas and rob- 
bers, and are to be treated as such ; they 
will be allowed to surrender for trial." 

May 5 — 15 guerrillas tear up the track 
of the Ohio and Mississippi railroad, in 
Ohio, on the Ohio river near North Bend, 
14 miles below Cincinnati ; when the night 
train stopped, they rob the passengers and 
Express safe of money and valuables, and 
$30,000 in U. S. bonds, and escape across 
the river into Boone co., Ky. 

M.ay 6— The tax assessor of Boone re- 
ported on his list 1,281 negroes, but placed 
" no value" on them ; his assessment was 
approved. 

May 8 — Negro enlistments in Ky. dis- 
continued by order of the U. S. war de- 
partment. 

M.ay 14— Gen. Basil W. Duke, of the 
Confederate army, with bis officers and 
men, including about 260 Kentuckians, 
surrender, at Augusta and Washington, 
Georgia. 

May 16 — Legislature in adjourned ses- 
sion 26 — Adopts resolutions touch- 
ing the murder of President Lincoln. 

May 22 — Adjutant general Daniel W. 



Lindsey reports to the house of represen- 
tatives that under the act of Jan. 26, 1864, 
" empowering the governor to raise a force 
for the defense of the state," Col. Pierce B. 
Hawkins' 1st Ky. Capital Guards (infantry) 
were raised, composed of the Big Sandy, 
Frankfort, and Paducah (3) battalions, 
1,313 men, rank and file, and the Mercer 
CO. state guards, 98 men. As these were 
mustered out, the following 8 battalions 
and 1 company were recruited and are 
still in service: Green River, Middle 
Green River, North Cumberland, South 
Cumberland, Three Forks Ky., Hall's Gap, 
Frankfort, Col. Silas Adams' regiment, 
and Capt. Perin's Casey co. state guards — 
2,223 in all. 

May 24— Gen. Palmer disbands all the 
independent Federal scouts in Ky. 

May 24— Meeting at Frankfort of Dem- 
ocratic and Conservative Union citizens of 
Ky., Jos. R. Underwood presiding. 

May 25 — The senate, by yeas 10 nays 
19, rejects a bill granting to Henry H. 
Houston, of McCracken co., ** authority to 
practice law in all the courts, as though he 
had never entered into the service of the 
army of the so-called Confederate States 
of America." 

May 30— Geo. W. Norton, president of 
the Southern Bank of Ky., reports to the 
legislature that, since its organization in 
1850, said bank has paid into the state 
treasury, 1. An annual tax or bonus ; 2. 
The entire interest [$18,000 and N. Y. ex- 
change, semi-annually, for 10 years] which 
the state had to pay on its $600,000 of 
bonds issued to the bank in payment of 
that amount of stock originally sub- 
scribed — until the state paid off the bonds 
in 1860 ; 3. Semi-annual dividends on its 
stock— to amount of $297,760 ; 4. $600,000 
in gold and silver, which the state sold for 
$973,080 in U. S. legal tender notes ; 5. If 
no unexpected losses occur in the final 
winding up of the affairs of the bank — in 
liquidation since Dec. 22, 1863— a further 
installment of 15 or 20 per cent. ($90,000 to 
$120,000) will be paid to the state. [The 
history of the commercial world has but 
few instances of such remarkably success- 
ful banking.] 

May 31— The senate, by 11 to 17, refuses 
to entertain a resolution to rescind the 
joint resolution of Feb. 4, 1865, rejecting 
the proposed amendment to the constitu- 
tion of the United States, Article XIII. 

May 31— Samuel Robertson, condemned 
by a military commission for being a guer- 
rilla, hung at Lexington. 

June 2 — Jno. B. Bowman, general agent 
of Kentucky University, reports to the 
legislature the raising, mostly in the city 
of Lexington, of the $100,000 required as 
a condition of its removal to that place. 
More than $500,000 are already secured, 
in the way of endowment, grounds, and 
buildings. 

June 3 — Legislature repeals the act au- 
thorizing the governor to raise 5,000 men, 
but leaves such force now in service to be 
mustered out so soon as the safety of the 



160 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



state will admit Every corporation 

in Ky. required to report, on Dec. 1st an- 
nually, to the Auditor, the amount of stock 
taken, amount paid in, amount of liabilities, 
assets and income, and full expose of their 
condition and management — underpenalty 
of $500 fine, which fine shall go into the 
school fund Requests President John- 
son to withdraw the order of President Lin- 
coln which placed Ky. under martial law.... 
Bequests the President to immediately 
remove .all negro troops from the state, and 
assign white soldiers for duty in their 
stead. 

June 3— Gov. Bramlette approves the 
** address of the legislature to him request- 
ing him to remove from office Hon. Joshua 
F. Bullitt, one of the judges of the court 
of appeals" [for the 3d district, and chief 
justice,] formally removes him, and de- 
clares his office vacant. The address was 
" for the reason that the said Bullitt has 
vacated his office by absenting himself 
from the sittings of said court and from 
this state, and having taken up his resi- 
dence within the territory of a foreign 
government." It had first passed the 
house. May 31, by 68 to 19, and then the 
senate by 20 to 7. In the senate, by vote, 
the prosecution was conducted by James 
F. Robinson, and the defense by Asa P. 
Grover; and in the house James T. Bram- 
lette and Thos. W. Varnon were elected 
to prosecute, and A. Harry Ward and W. 
M. Fisher to defend. Mny 25, Joshua F. 
Bell read a statement, in the house, to the 
effect that, if time were given, it could be 
proven that the case of Judge Bullitt was 
disposed of without any trial ; that he was 
arrested, ordered and sent out of the state 
by the military authorities without any 
opportunity for defense ; that he returned 
to Ky., and discharged his official duties 
from Deo. 6 to Deo. 24, 1864 ; that shortly 
after — learning that "the military com- 
mander of the state had declared that he 
should bo tried by a military court and exe- 
cuted, without any chance of his appeal to 
the clemency of the President — he, in conse- 
quence, left, and remains out of the state ; 
that if he has heard of the President's 
order permitting his return to Ky. to attend 
this trial, it is only since these proceed- 
ings have been taken up, and not in suffi- 
cient time to be here to make defense ; that 
if he were here, and time allowed him, he 
could establish that he is not guilty of the 
charges preferred against him in resolu- 
tions for his address out of office." Where- 
upon Mr. Ward moved to postpone indefi- 
nitely the further proceedings in the case— 
which was voted down by yeas 12, nays 71. 

The house of representatives, on May 
29, refused, by a vote of 11 to 63, to dis- 
miss the 1st and 2d charges in the ad- 
dress—which were, " 1. That said Bullitt 
was a member of a secret society or organ- 
ization commonly known as ' The Sons of 
Liberty' or 'American Knights,' which is 
treasonable in its purposes and aims — the 
same being to give aid and comfort" to 
those in rebellion, Jfcc; and " 2. That 



said Bullitt is guilty of a high crime by 
conspiring with others to oppose with force 
the lawful government of the United 
States." 

The house then, by a vote of 38 to 34, 
resolved " That the defense take the evi- 
dence on the 3d charge against Judge 
Bullitt; if that is not sufficient to satisfy 
the bouse of the necessity of removing him 
from office, the 1st and 2d charges will be 
taken up, and evidence taken to establish 
said charges or acquit said Judge Bullitt." 

On the 30th, the governor transmitted 
to the senate, and it was read in both 
houses, Judge Bullitt's letter to him, as 
follows : 

Near AjiHEESTBrRG, Canada West, I 
May 24, 1865. J 
His Excellency, Thos. E. Bramlette, Gov- 
ernor of Kentucky : 

Sir : I received a dispatch from you 
yesterday evening, giving me " a copy of 
Gen. Palmer's permission for you [me] to 
attend the sitting of the legislature." I 
determined to make no defense before the 
legislature for two principal reasons. In 
the first place, whilst in the performance 
of my duties as chief justice of the court 
of appeals, I was compelled to leave the 
state in order to avoid arrest and trial by 
a military commission, for an alleged of- 
fense (treason or conspiracy against the 
United States), over which the Federal 
court has jurisdiction, and the military 
authorities no rightful jurisdiction what- 
ever. In other words, I was driven from 
the state by lawless violence, against 
which you nor the legislature could pro- 
tect me. 

Upon this point the facts leave no room 
for doubt. Soldiers searched my house on 
the night of the 27th of December last, 
and again on the night of the 1st of Jan- 
uary, for the purpose of arresting me; 
and on the 8th of January Gen. Burbridge 
declared, in a public speech at Frankfort, 
that I ought to have been arrested and 
" hung," and that I would have been ar- 
rested if I had not escaped. I left Ky. 
and c.Tme to Canada after the 27th of De- 
cember, and solely in consequence of the 
attempt to arrest me. There is no room 
for doubt that I was driven from Ky. by 
lawless violence, against which the state 
owed me protection. 

I do not deny the constitutional power 
of the legislature to remove an absent offi- 
cer, by address, for any reason deemed 
sufficient by that body ; and jf I had left 
the state voluntarily to join the Confed- 
erate army, as did one or two officers who 
were thus removed, I should not have 
questioned the propriety of the proceed- 
ings against me. But for the legislature 
to try me during my enforced residence in 
a neutral country seemed to me improper 
and unjust. I should have resigned soon 
after coming here if those proceedings had 
not been- inaugurated. I determined to 
give to the General Assembly of the Com- 
monwealth an opportunity to decide the 
question whether they would rebuke the 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



violence with which the state has so long 
been outraged, in the persons and property 
of its citizens, by refusing to entertain the 
charges against me, during my enforced 
absence; or whether they would approve 
that violence, by trying me whilst I con- 
tinued to be its victim, and condemning 



■iden 



of de 



ent and pay of those who have 
npled upon my rights as a citizen 
er of the state. Compared with 
ition, the question of my guilt or 
1 seemed to me of small import- 
ance. For that reason I determined not 
to resign. And I determined not to de- 
fend, because an appearance by counsel 
would have been an implied recognition, 
which I was unwilling to make, of the 
propriety of the proceeding against me. 

In the second place, I felt convinced 
that I could not have a fair trial. I do 
not impute unfairness to a majority of the 
legislature. But, under the military des- 
potism prevailing in Ky., I deemed it im- 
possible to obtain the benefit of evidence, 
which could otherwise be easily produced. 
For instance, during the trial of Walsh and 
others in Cincinnati, several witnesses for 
the defense were arrested by the judge ad- 
vocate's order as soon as they left the 
stand. Again: Many of Stidger's state- 
ments concerning me and others are known 
to be false by a number of honest, reliable 
men ; and I have, what I consider reliable 
information, that respectable men, well 
acquainted with him, regard him as un- 
worthy of belief on oath ; but that, when 
called upon so to testify during the trial 
of Dr. Bowles and others, at Indianapolis, 
they feared and refused to do so. Who, 
in Ky., under the pains and penalties of 
martial law, would venture thus to assail 
the great detective, whose statements 
formed the chief basis of Mr. Holt's pre- 
election report, asserting that the Northern 
States had more conspirators in their midst 
than soldiers in the field ? I regret to find 
that th.s difficulty in the way of a fair 
trial has not yet been removed ; that, 
though the war h.as ended, martial law 
still prevails in Ky.; and that, though 
you were elected to the office, Gen. Palmer 
is governor of the Commonwealth. This 
is sufficiently proved by the fact that you 
have deemed it necessary to obtain Gen. 
Palmer's permission for me to return to 

Nor am I satisfied that, if I should re- 
turn to Ky., I would be safe from military 
arrest. In November last, Gen. Wash- 
burne released me in Memphis, with an 
assurance that I could return to Ky. with- 
out danger of further molestation. Gen. 
Burbridge, when informed of my release, 
ordered my re-arrest. If I should return 
now, I might find Gen. Palmer's position 
held by some one else, who would treat his 
order as contemptuously as Gen. Burbridge 
treated Gen. Washburne's. The evil to 
which I allude — the uncertainty of life 
and liberty — is a natural and perhaps nec- 
essary result of the despotism that has 
I. ..11 



been established over you, which makes 
martial law by paper proclamations far in 
the rear of contending armies, and enforces 
it against non-combatants in communities 

moled except by the military power of the 
United States. 

But what would it profit me to return, 
even if I felt sure that Gen. Palmer's per- 
mission would be carried into full effect? 
I am permitted to return merely for the 
purpose of attending my "trial" by the 
legislature. At its close, let it end as it 
may, my permission ends and I must leave 
the United States or be subject to military 
arrest and trial. The privilege of return- 
ing to Ky. merely for the purpose of eon- 
fronting such accusers as Coffin and Stidger 
appears to me to be of very little value. 
My observation and experience of martial 
law lead me to believe that I will no 

voluntarily submit myself to its ju 

lion. I would willingly return home if I 
could do so as a freeman, ametiable only to 
the laws of the land. But I have not yet 



; again 



found the laws of Can 



oppr 



nor its climate so inhospitable, i 
so unfruitful, nor the labor of tilling it so 
grievous, as to make me willing to return 
as a slave by the special permission of Sec- 
retary Stanton. 

Very respectfuIly,your obedient servant, 

J. F. BULLITT. 

June 3— Lien law extended so as to 

give mechanics a lien for excavating oel- 

cisterns, wells, vaults, for walling the 

', for grading and paving, makin" 

fills, &c. ° 

June 3 — Additional appropriations for 

the benefit of the American Printing house 

for the Blind in Jefferson co. 

.Tune 3 — Legislature provides that any 
vacancy in the court of appeals, or circuit 
courts, occurring within ninety and more 
than twenty days before the 1st Monday 
in August, shall be filled by election on 
that day. 

June 3— Gov. Bramlette vetoes a bill to 
" amend" the militia laws, which, he says, 
proposes to "abolish" all the means and 
agencies necessary to to carry the law into 
operation. The veto is sustained. 

June 3 — $700 appropriated by the legis- 
lature to erect head and foot stones over 
the graves of Gov. James T. Morehead, 
Gov. Charles Scott, Hon. Wm. T. Barry, 
Bl.and Ballard and wife, .and senators Wal- 
ter Chiles and Milton P. Buster. 

June 4— Judge G. W. Johnston, of the 
city court of Louisville, under a law of 
Ky. commits a negro slave, Jacob Hardin, 
to the work-house "until his master should 
give bail that he would not be suffered to 
go at large and hire himself out as a free 
man ;" whereupon Gen. John M. Palmer, 
by military power, prohibits the enforce- 
ment of the law, and orders the release of 
the slave " unless detained in custody for 
some other cause than the order of the 
city coui;t of Louisville." 

le 5 — Gov. Bramlette commissions 
Sampson, state senator from Barren 



AN.VALS OF KENTUCKY. 



CO., judge of the court of appeals, in place 
of Joshua F. Bullitt, removed by address. 
June 12 — Gen. Palmer refuses to sur- 
render Jesse Taggart to the civil author- 
ities for trial in Muhlenburg co. for kill- 
ing Philander Welbourne— claiming "ex- 
clusive jurisdiction for military courts" 
because Taggart was at the time a soldier, 
and alleging it " the duty of the military 
to protect him from a possible trial by dis- 

" evidence that judges, juries, common- 
wealth's attorneys, &c., charged with the 
administration of justice, are loyal to the 
government and would give to persons em- 
ployed by the government a fair trial," 
Ijefore he will give up any such for trial 
by the civil courts. 

June 15— The house of worship and ses- 
sion room of the 1st Presbyterian church, 
Louisville, Rev. Samuel R. Wilson, D. D., 
pastor, taken possession of by the mili- 
tary for hospital purposes. [The " war" is 
over, but persecution for opinion's sake 

June 15— About 1,200 deaths, within the 
year past, among the negroes refugeed at 
Camp Nelson, Jessamine co. 

June 16— The court of appeals decides 
unconstitutional the act of congress mak- 
ing U. S. treasury notes a legal tender. 
Judge George Robertson delivers the 
opinion. 

June 17 — Gen. Edward H. Hobson, 
commanding 1st division of department of 
Ky. at Lexington, forbids further arrests 
by the military "unless there is good 
proof that the party accused is guilty" as 
alleged ; no more arrests for personal feel- 
ings must be made. 

June 22— Death, at Cincinnati, aged 74, 
of Thos. H. Barlow, formerly of Lexing- 
ton, the inventor of the planetarium. 

July 1— The average annual rain-fall at 
Lexington, for more than .SO years past, is 
about 45 inches ; but for the year ending 
to-day has been 65.73 inches— nearly 21 
inches above the average, or no less than 
14,000 barrels to the acre. 

.July 7— David E. Harrold, who was 
captured with J. Wilkes Booth; Lewis 
Payne, who attempted to murder the U. S. 
secretary of state, Wm. H. Seward ; Geo. 
A. Atierott, who was to assassinate vice 
president Andrew Johnson ; and Mrs, Mary 
E. Surratt, at whose house these parties 
met and plotted— sentenced to death by a 
military commission, and hung at Wash- 
ington city. In the case of the latter, a 
writ of habeas corpus was issued by Judge 
AVylie, of the U. S. district court; but 
President Johnson suspended the writ, and 
Judge Wylie refused to proceed further. 
As a consequence, Mrs. Surratt was hung— 
whose father-confessor. Rev. Mr. Walters, 
says, " not revealing the confessional, that, 
as God lives, she ^oas innocent of the mur- 
der, or of any intent or conspiracy to 
murder. President Lincoln." 

July 8— Military interference, in order 
to keep its hand in, makes "another de- 
parture." Gen. Palmer orders the arrest 



to-night of all dealers in or keepers of 
faro or faro banks. In Louisville and 
Frankfort every bank is closed up and the 
stocks confiscated. They have swindled 
the soldiers out of many thousands of 
dollars. 

July 11— Gen. Palmer issues an order to 
quartermasters to pay all wages earned by 
negroes to them; and not to "pretended 
masters," unless with the consent of the 

July 16 — Emerson Ethridge, one of the 
most distinguished citizens of Tennessee, 
is held under guard at Columbus, Ky., by 
order of Maj. Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, and 
not allowed to converse on political affairs, 
on pain of close conjinement. 

July 20— Upwards of 200 Federal sol- 
diers, arrested on various charges, have 
been released from prisons throughout 
Ky., during this month, by the judge ad- 
vocate of the department of Ky. 

July 20 — 2,S36 persons in Louisville pay 
a U. S. " income tax"- 1 on over $75,000, 
2 over $70,000, 2 over $60,000, 2 over $50,- 
000, 10 over $40,000, 21 over $30,000, 29 
over $20,000, 33 over $15,000, 76 over $10,- 
000, 82 over $7,000, 86 over $5,000. 248 
over $3,000, 505 over $1,000, and 1,236 
under $1,000; making an aggregate of 
$7,296,390 of income in one year. 

July 20— Gen. John M. Palmer— who 
seems to act as if he were the autocrat of 
Kentucky, instead of military command- 
ant — issues general orders No. 49, which 
directs provost marshals or commanding 
oBicers of troops to issue — to all colored 
persons applying, and representing them- 
selves as unable to find employment — 
"passes authorizing them to pass at will 
in search of employment, upon any rail- 
road, steamboat, ferryboat, or other means 
of travel in the state of Ky. or plying out 
of it from any point in it;" and ordering 
the arrest and sending out of the state, 
or trial and punishment by military com- 
mission, of any railroad or steamboat con- 
ductor or clerk or other public carrier who 
refuses them transportation anywhere, upon 
their presenting said pass and the usual 
fare. July 22 to 28— At Paris, Lexington, 
and some other points, such passes (which 
the negroes call their "free papers," and 
act accordingly) are issued as fast as they 
can be filled out — about 1,300 at Paris 
alone. 

July 22— Gov. Bramlette issues a long 
proclamation addressed " to the officers of 
election and citizens of Ky.," in which he 
notifies them that " the law requires that 
the person offering to vote should state on 
oath that he has not entered into the service 
of the so-called Confederate States, in either 
a civil or military capacity, iior into the 
service of the so-called Provisional Govern- 
ment of Kentucky/, in either a civil or mili- 
tary capacity, since the 10th day of April, 
1862, nor h.as he continued in such service 
since that date ; nor has he given since 
that date any voluntary aid and .assistance 
to those in arms against the United States 
or the state of Kentucky." [This procla- 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



163 



mation,aUhou';h in its general spirit aimed 
at preventing the occasion for military in- 
terference, and counseling peace and ob- 
servance of law, was regarded by many 
good citizens as likely to bring on the very 
acts of military interference which followed, 
and which so disgraced the state at the 
ensuing election, Aug. 7. It having been 
widely published and made generally 
known that two judges, on their respective 
circuits, Jos. Doniphan and Richard Ap- 
person, jr., had declared unconstitutional, 
and therefore of no binding force, the law 
which required said oath — the Expatria- 
tion Act of March 11, 1862 ; and the war, 
which was the cvcuse and occasion of said 
Act, having been over for more than three 
months ; a strong feeling of dissatisfaction 
at and disapprobation of the governor's 
course manifested itself, and found utter- 
ance on the street, and through the press, 
and in the decided and repeated action of 
the ensuing legislature.] 

Aug. 7— The vote for congressmen is : 
DlBtrict. Conservative. Radical. 

Ist...L. S. Trimble....5,-49 C. D. Bradley 3,542 

2d B. C. Ritter fi,>l74 G. H. YeHman 5.786 

3il H.Grider (i,52.S J.H. Lowry 4,871 

4th... A. 'Harding 9,4.37 M. C. Taylor 3,652 

5th. ..R. Mallory 4,704 L. H. Rousseau. ...5,751 

6th.,. A. H. Ward 6,421 G. 0. Smith 7,666 

7th...G.S.Shankliu...7,624 S. S. Fry 3,943 

8th,..T. T.Garrard..3,824 W. H. Randall... 10,634 

9th..:.J.S.Hurtt 6,241 S. McKee 8,163 

For state treasurer. Jas. H. Garrard 
(Conservative) elected. G.arrard 42,187, 
Wm. L. Neale (Radical) 42, 082— m.aj. 105. 
For judge of the court of appeals, in dis- 
tri(?t No. 3, Wm. Sampson 6,327 ; Geo. W. 
Kavanaugh 6,268— maj. 59; W. E. Riley 
3,467. The next senate will stand 20 con- 
servatives and 18 radicals — maj. 2; and 
the house, 60 conservatives and 40 radi- 
cals — maj. 20. Very serious interference 
in many counties with the election by the 
military ; in some cases soldiers prevented 
voters from going near the polls, and in 
others arrested and took them oflf to prison. 
In Lexington, " citizens stood in front of 
the polls, and indicated to the soldiers 
those who were not entitled to vote ; all 
thus pointed out were not allowed to pre- 
sent themselves to the judges" — so tele- 
graphed the sheriff, W. W. Dowden, to 
Gov. Bramlette. Negro soldiers were sent 
as guardians of the polls in several pre- 



5,000 
dutyi 



■The U. S. 



; of the 21,000 



the departnicnt [state] of Ky. 
OS. Doniphan, in 



5 — Judge Jos 
circuit court at Covington, decides the 
patriation act unconstitutional. 

Sept. 8— The grand jury in the Fayette 
circuit court, Judge Wm. C. Goodloe pre- 
siding, report five indictments for viola- 
tions of the election laws by military force 
and control— against David S. Goodloe, 
U. S. assessor, John B. Wilgus, M. C. 
Brickey, Capt. H. Johnson, and Thos. E. 
Bramlette. Judge Goodloe, without mo- 
tion or word from any one, dismisses the 



Sept. 14— In Campbell co., the board of 
contested elections decided that on Aug. 
7 " there was such an interference at 
the various Toting places, by armed sol- 
diers, who so governed and controlled the 
election as to render it invalid, null and 
void ;" they adjudged Thos. Jones, the 
incumbent, not lawfully elected clerk of 
the circuit court, and declared the offite 

The grand jury of Powell co. indict 
Henry C. Lilly, senator elect, and John 
N. B. Hardw'ick, county judge, for ob- 
structing the freedom of elections. 

Sept. 25— Maj. Gen. John M. Palmer 
and Brig. Gen. .Tas. S. Brisbin indicted at 
Louisville for abducting slaves, and other- 
wise violating the slave code of Ky. 

Sept. 25— Dr. Joshua T. Bradford, of 
Augusta, Bracken co., sells to Wm. P. 
Anderson's " Longworth's AVine House," 
Cincinnati, 10,000 gallons of native wine 
from his own vineyard, at $2:36 and $2:50 
per gallon. 

Sept. 28— Some of the very men who 
were among the foremost to welcome and 
cajole the petty tyrant. Gen. John M. 
Palmer, when he made his advent in Ky. 
as the successor of Gen. Burbridge, are 
now willing to see the latter re-instated in 
preference. " Gen. B. is in Louisville, 
without any command whatever, and h.os 
not had one for some time. During the 
absence of Gen. Palmer at Washington 
city, the troops in the state — negroes 
chiefly — will be under the command of 
Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, of Indiana, who will 
be remembered as the slayer of Gen. Wm. 
Nelson." » 

Oct. 2— Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sends an 
order to Gen. Palmer— commanding the 
military, the negroes, and the churches in 
Ky.— "requiring the immediate and un- 
conditional release" of Rev. Lorenzo D. 
Huston, D. D., pastor of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, in Newport. Dr. 
H. had been arrested for a speech in Con- 
f'irence opposing a secession of Ky. Con- 
ference from the General Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church South in order 
to unite with the General Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church (North,) and 
for attempting to occupy the pulpit in 
Newport to which the Conference had as- 
signed him. 

Oct. 2— Gen. James S. Brisbin, from 
headquarters 1st division of the depart- 
ment of Ky. at Lexington, issues general 
orders No. 15, that " any returned Con- 
federate soldier found armed, or dressed 
in any part of the Confederate uniform, 
sh.all be arrested and sent beyond the 
limits of this division [i. e. the state of 
Ky.], not to return. Returned Confed- 
erates are notified that they must at once 
discontinue the dangerous and obnoxious 
practice of carrying arms and wearing the 
Confederate uniform." 

Oct. 3— Upon recommendation of Gen. 



rresponden 



Maysville 



164 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1865. 



Palmer, the U. S. war department has de- 
cided to muster out 4,000 of the colored 
troops now serving in his command (Ky.), 
Tfhich will still leave him about 6,000 
troops with which to enforce order. 

Oct. 9— As the sheriff of Montgomery 
CO., Tenn., with two negroes charged with 
crime in his custody, was passing from 
Clarksville to Nashville, by the railroad 
which leads through Bowling Green, Ky,, 
he was attacked by the negro soldiers at 
the latter place, his prisoners taken from 
him, and the most insolent threats made 
against the sheriff or any one attempting 
to interfere. 

Oct. 12— Andrew Johnson, president of 
the United States, by solemn proclama- 
tion, modifies the proclamation issued 
July 5, 1864, by Abraham Lincoln, then 
president of the United States, " in so far 
that martial law shall be no longer in 
force in Kentucky," inasmuch "as the 
danger from insurgent raids has substan- 
tially passed away.'* 

Oct. 16— The mayor of Lexington, Jos. 
Wingate, issues his proclamation, notifying 
owners of slaves to remove them from that 
city to their homes, and take care of them, 
*' by Oct. 5, or legal proceedings will be 



iited 



the 






compliance." Whereupon, Gen. John M. 
Palmer, " Major General Commanding" 
department of Ky. at Louisville, orders 
" Brig. Gen. J. S. Brisbin, commanding" at 
Lexington, "to inform said mayor that you 
are instructed to protect the people of his 
city from the violence he invites ; that do 
portion of them can be seized and removed 
from that city at the mere will of persons 
who may choose to call themselves " own- 
ers and claimants ;" " that all the peo- 
ple of the ttate are presumed to be free, 
and will be protected as free nntil orders are 
received to the contrary." 

Oct. 20— The Ky. Central railroad com- 
pany orders its conductors to stop the 
transportation of slaves, except they are 
provided with written orders from their 
owners ; several slaves, with military 
passes, are refused transportation. The 
Louisville and Jeffersonville ferry com- 
pany have also refused such passes since 
the abrogation of martial law. 

Oct. 20— Maj. Gen. Geo. H. Thomas 
having" approved the administration" of 
Gen. Palmer, and reported in favor of his 
retaining the command in Ky., President 
Johnson refuses to removehim, although re- 
quested to do so by Gov. Bramlette and 
Gen. Green Clay Smith. 

Oct. 21 — Gen. Brisbin notifies Jason 
■Williams and wife, at Lexington, that 
unless they pay their ten slaves, children 
of a negro soldier, reasonable wages for 
all their labor since March 3, 1865, (when 
sed the unconstitutional act 
wives and children of negro 



ogress pa 



soldiers), "suit will be entered before the 
Freedmen's Bureau, and steps taken to 
compel payment." 

Oct. 21 — As recommended by Gov. Bram- 
lette, Gen. Palmer releases from their 



bonds and parole James Brien, representa- 
tive elect from Marshall Co., John W. 
Oglevie, representative elect from Mc- 
Craeken co., and Jas. C. Calhoun, sheriff 
of McCracken co. Shortly after their 
election in August last, they were each 
arrested — on the charge that their candi- 
dacy was in violation of Palmer^ a proclama- 
tion — and placed under bonds not to leave 
their respective counties, and Calhoun not 
even to leave Paducah. 

Oct. 26 — Special telegraph dispatches 
from Lexington announce that " the quar- 
rel between Gen. Burbridge and Gov. 
Bramlette has been settled, to the satis- 
faction of both parties, and they have re- 
newed their former relations." 

Oct. 30— As he is sustained by the pres- 
ident and secretary of war. Gen. John M. 
Palmer gives renewed diligence to the 
work oi forcing emancipation in Ky. At 
the provost marshal's ofiice in Louisville, 
passes are issued to 150 to 300 negroes per 
day, and a constant guard is kept at the 
Jeffersonville ferry to compel their trans- 
portation over the Ohio river when they 
apply. 

Nov. 3— Granville Pearl, judge of the 
12th circuit, appears in Lexington under 
arrest, by order of Gen. Brisbin — whose 
command here is a brigade of negro sol- 
diers — because in the discharge of his du- 
ties as judge he had ordered the sale, in 
partition among some infants, of a negro 

pretended to marry a negro soldier.^ A 
squad of negro soldiers was sent to arrest 
him ; but an influential friend succeeded 
in turning them back, and saved him that 
humiliation — by his personal assurance 
that he would report as soon as cited, 
and which he did. 

Nov. 5— The findings of the military 
commission in the case of Gen. Eleazer A. 
Paine — charged with executing and im- 
prisoning several dozen citizens at and 
near Paducah, during his reign of terror 
there, when he became infamous for his 
oppressions and outrages — has just been 
made public by Edwin M. Stanton, secre- 
tary of war. Paine was found guilty of 
part of the charges, and merely sentenced 



ibei 



nded in 



gene 



ral orders. Ev 



shamefully inadequate sentence was 
remitted. 

Nov. 10— Gen. Brisbin notifies Garret 
Davis, Brutus J. Clay, and other promi- 
nent citizens of Bourbon and Fayette conn- 
ties, that he will bring suit against them, 
before the Freedmen's Bureau, for wages 
alleged to be due for the labor of some of 
their own slaves, (whose husbands by vari- 
ous means had been gotten into the U. S. 
army as soldiers.) 

Nov. 10— Ky. newspapers contain a list 
of names of 492 liy. soldiers, with their 
company, regiment, and date of death — 



who died while prisoners of war at Ander- 
sonville, Sumter co., Georgia, and are 
buried in the national cemetery there. 

Ngy 11— Gen. Wm. T. Sherman visits 
Lawrenccburg, Indiana, and is asked what 



1865. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



165 



he thought of Gen. Palmer^s course in Ky.; 
he replies : '* If it is monarchy or consol- 
idation we are after, he is right ; but if we 
want to preserve the old form of govern- 
ment, he is all wrong." 

Nov. 5— Death of Mrs. Hannah Sweat, 
aged 106 years, at Ovven.«boro, Ky. 

Nov. U— In the circuit court at Cyn- 
thiana, Harrison co., Samuel F. January 
and Maj. Jas. R. Curry recover judgments 
for damages against Capt. Cranston for in- 
terfering with their right to vote at the 
August election — the former for $5,000 
and the latter for $500, being for all each 

Nov. 21—Thegrandjuryat Louisville in- 
dict Gen. Jno. JI . Palmer for enticing slaves 
to leave the state. He was held in bail of 
$500, to answer. 

Nov. 21— Burning of the offices of the 
clerk of the court of appeals, secretary of 
state, and governor, at Frankfort; con- 
suming all the books and records of the 
court of appeals then in the office. The 
archives and all the papers of value were 
saved from the secretary of state's office. 

Nov. 22, 24 — Several regiments of negro 
soldiers, recently at Lexington and else- 
where in Ky., embark at Louisville for 
Ark:insas, to be commanded by Brig. Gen. 
Jas. S. Brisbin. This leaves only one regi- 
ment of whites, and two of negroes, in Ky. 

Nov. 23, 28— Spirited letter of ex-Gov. 
Beriah Magoffin in reply to a threatening 
letter of Gen. John M. Palmer. The for- 
mer refuses to interfere in a lawsuit, as 
requested by Palmer, *' to protect a friend 
of the government from an unmerited 
prosecution" [the lawsuit of Nat. Gaither, 
jr., o«. James #E. Thompson, who while 
judge at the August election rejected Mr. 
G.'s vote] ; assures Gen. P. that all his 
correspondence with the Confederate au- 
thorities which Palmer has unearthed by 
application at Washington city, had been 
published in the Legislative journals of 
Sept. 1861; and that " he fully compre- 
hends what he (Palmer) says and what he 

Nov. 25— Mining for lead ore, in Fayette 
CO., 7 miles from Lexington, on the Lees- 

Nov. 26— President Johnson revokes the 
rewards offered for the arrest of Jacob 
Thompson, of Miss., Beverly Tucker, of 
Va., and Geo. N. Sanders and Wm. AV. 
Cleary, of Ky. — on a charge of complicity 
in the plot for assassinating President 
Lincoln ; subsequent developments prov- 
ing them entirely innocent. 

Nov. 30— President Johnson restores the 
privilege of the writ of habeas corpus — 
suspended by President Lincoln on Dec. 
15, 1863, and ever since— in a number of 
states, including Maryland, Delaware, West 
Virginia, and Missouri, but not in Ky., 
Tennessee, and other Southern states. 
Kentucky is the only border state to which 
that great writ is still denied ! 

Dec. 1— The remains of Simon Kenton, 
one of the most daring and useful of Ky. 
pioneers, removed and re-interred, with 



appropriate ceremonies, at Oakdale ceme- 
tery, Urbana, Ohio — with this inscription 
on his tomb: 

" In memory of Gen. Simon Kenton, who 
was born April 13, 1755, in Culpepper Co., 
Virginia, and died April 29, 1836, aged 81 
years and 26 days. His fellow-citizens of 
the West will long remember him as the 
skillful pioneer of early times, the brave 
soldier and the honest man." 

Dec. 1 — Lead ore discovered in Owen, 
Henry, and several other counties. Many 
oil wells being bored; and oil indications 

Dec. 4 — The auditor's report gives the 
total indebtedness of the state, at the close 
of the Bscal year, Oct. 10, 1865, $5,254,346 ; 
the resources of the sinking fund are ample 
to pay it off as it matures. 

During the war, for war purposes, the 
state of Ky. borrowed and expended $3,- 
621,000. Of this sum, on Oct. 10, 1865, 
the Federal government had refunded 
$1,051,000, and in addition was entitled to 
credit for $606,641 — Kentucky's proportion 
of the .$20,000,000 direct tax levied by 
congress, and which the state assumed. 
There is still due from the Federal govern- 
ment $1,963,359— enough to pay all debts 
of a military character against the state. 

The valuation of slave property in 1865 
is only $7,224,851 ; in 1864 it was $34,- 
179,246. 

During the fiscal year ending Oct. 10, 
1865, and Oct. 10, 1845, respectively, there 
were paid from the state treasury, for the 
following objects : 



Oct. 111,1365. 

Deaf and Dumb Asylum $13,469 ., 

Blind Asylum \3.im . 

Eastern Lunatic Asylum 4.3,733 . 

■" ■ " ■ ■ ■ <n,SoU . 



Care of Idiots.. 



Oct.10,184.5. 



Kentucky sick and v 



Salaries oi Btat'e""offl'ceri 

clerks, judges, *c 

Stationery tor public use... 



worked by Public 

7,779 . 

8,223 . 



■ I 8,100 



Dec. 4 — Legislature meets. Harrison 
Taylor again elected speaker of the house 
of representatives, receiving 57 votes, and 
Col. Alex. M. Stout 34. 

Dec. 8 — In the circuit court at Louis- 
ville, Judge Geo. W. Johnston dismisses 
the indictment against Gen. John M. 
Palmer for aiding a slave to escape — upon 
the ground that, before the indictment, 
the requisite number of states had adopted 
the Xlllth amendment to the U. S. Con- 
stitution, abolishing slavery ; therefore all 
criminal and penal laws of Ky. relating to 
slavery are of no effect. 

Dec. 9 — Gov. Bramlette, by special mes- 
sage to the legislature, recommends that 



166 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



body [which alone can grant pardon for 
treason against tlie state of Ky.] to grant 
a general pardon of all indicted in the 
courts of this state for treason by acts of 
war within Ky. against the U. S. Jan. 13, 
1866, a law to that effect is approved, hav- 
ing passed the senate by 18 to 11, and the 
house by 67 to 34. 

Dec. 15 — The court of appeals, in the 
case of Corbin vs. Marsh, from Nicholas 
CO., affirms the decision of Judge An- 
drews — that the act of congress of March 
3, 1865, setting free the wives and children 
of negro soldiers, was unconstitutional 
and void. 

Dec. 15— Large fire in Owensboro ; ten 
business houses and contents burned: loss 
$230,000. 

Dec. 18— Death, at 'Washington city, of 
paralysis, of ex-6ov. Thos. Corwin.of Ohio. 
He was born July 29, 1794, in Bourbon 
CO., Ky. 

Dec. 18- Legislature (by 21 to 15 in the 
senate, and 62 to 33 in the house) repeals 
the act of Oct 1, 1861— declaring any citi- 
zen of Ky. who, as a Confederate soldier 
or officer, invades this state, guilty of 
felony, to be punished by confinement in 
the penitentiary from 1 to 10 years 



Dec. : 



,(by 22 to 12 in the senate, and 62 

to 33 in the house.) Repeals (by 24 

to 12 in the senate, and 61 to 32 in the 
house) the act of Aug. 31, 1862, requiring 
ministers and others to take an [■' iron- 
clad"] oath before solemnizing marriages. 

20— Repeals the act of Aug. 22, 1862, 

requiring an additional ["iron-clad"] oath 

from jurors Makes confirmed lunacy 

of three years a ground for divorce. 

Dec. 18— Wm. H. Seward, U. S. secre- 
tary of state, announces by proclamation, 
that the legislatures of 27 states out of 36 
— three-fourths- have ratified the Xlllth 
Amendment abolishing slavery, and it 
*' has become valid to all intents and pur- 
poses as a part of the Constitution of the 
United States." The states are : AUabama, 
Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, 
Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Mary- 
land, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, 
Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New 
York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, 
Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, 
Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wis- 
consin— 27. Eight of these belonged to 
the Southern Confederacy, and are states 
when necessary to ratify this Constitu- 
tional amendment ; but treated as not states 
when claiming a representation in con- 
gress; they are still kept out of congress, 
although the Constitution of the United 
States provides fur and requires their full 
representation therein. 

Dec. 22— A lot of 48 Ky. cattle, mostly 
fed by Jacoby and Penn in Bourbon eo., 
and taken to New York for a market, sold 
at 21 to 25 cents per lb. They were nearly 
all 4 yeatS old, very fine animals, some 
having drawn prizes ; 4 sold at $350 each, 
4 at $300, 4 at $290, 2 at $245, 12 at $215, 
and the rest at figures between these — all 



first-class butchers, who intend to make 
dendid Christmas show of fine beef. 

Assistant commissioner of the 
Freedmen's Bureau, Brevet Maj. Gen. 
Clinton B. Fisk, by circular No. 10, ex- 
tends the guardianship of that concern 
over the negroes of Ky., and announces 
the establishment of "agencies of the 
bureau at points easy of access, to fairly 
adjust the labor question, and to see that 
contracts are equitable and enforce them." 

Dec. 23— The Union Coal and Oil Co., at 
Maysville, commences the manufacture of 
paraffine candles, of the richest blue, pink 
and yellow colors, as well as white, and of 
22 per cent, greater illuminating power 
than those of spermaceti. 

Dec. 29 — A tornado at Bowling Green 
blows down part of the brick walls of sev- 
eral houses, unroofs the Branch Bank of 
Ky.and other buildings. 

1866, Jan. 2— Phil. Tompperf, mayor of 
Louisville, deposed by the city council ; 
who unanimously elect .James S. Lithgow 

Jan. 2— Northern Bank of Ky. declares 
a semi-annual dividend of 10 per cent.; 
and the Central Bank of Ky., at Danville, 
a 10 per cent, dividend from the profits of 
the last six months, and 18 per cent, out 
of its contingent fund. 11 national banks, 
with $2,200,000 capital, already estab- 
lished in Ky. 

Jan. 9 — Mysterious murder, in Louis- 
ville, of Rev. Thos. J. Fisher, of the Bap- 
tist church, celebrated for thirty years past 
by his successful labors on revival occa- 
sions'. 

Jan. 10— In the circuit court at Coving- 
ton, in the two suits of H. Aay While and 
John J. Macklin against Dr. David B. 
Miller, John M. Bowen, Thos. Dempsey, 
and R. G. Mathews — sued as the " board 
of trade" for the 6th congressional district 
— Judge Jos. Doniphan held that the act 
of congress purporting to authorize the 
removal of such cases to the United States 
circuit court was "unconstitutional, as 
tending to the utter subversion of the juris- 
diction of the state courts ;" he refused the 
motion for removal. The defendants claim 
that " in taking possession of the bitsinesa 
liouses of 'plaintiffs and excluding them 
therefrom^ they were acting tipoji the a»- 
thoritt/ of President Lincoln.'* Damages 
claimed, $5,000 and $10,000 respectively. 

Jan. 10— Gen. Henry Heth, late of the 
Confederate States army, while on a visit 
to Cincinnati, examines the earth-works 
thrown up in the rear of the cities of Cov- 
ington and Newport, in Sept., 1862, to 
check the progress of his army. He said 
he was constantly advised of the accessions 
to the U. S. forces, and their exact situa- 
tion, and was abundantly able to capture 
the three cities. The Cincinnati Commer- 
cial reports him as saying that "he was 
fully aware of the absence of veterans, and 
knew when Gen. Granger came in with his 
regiments from Corinth. He telegraphed 
to Gen. Kirby Smith, at Lexington, that 
he could take Cincinnati with the loss of 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



167 



perhaps a hundred men, and asked for in- 
structions. Gen. Smith's reply ordered 
him to talio the city. He promptly pre- 
pared to mass his forces and break the 
greatly extended and imperfect Federal 
lines — fixing the time and place to do so. 
But a second telegraph from Gen. Smith 
informed him that Gen. Buell's movements 
made it necessary for Gen. Bragg to con- 
centrate his whole army j that a division 
could not be spared, even to hold Cincin- 
nati ; and that after Buell was whipped in 
Ky., the cities on the Ohio river would 
fall into their hands without further fight- 
ing. This compelled a countermand of the 
order to advance upon the Federal intrench- 
ments, and the Confederate troops moved 
off rapidly to the center of Ky." [Addi- 
tional proof of the incompetency of the 
Confederate general, Braxton Bragg I] 

Jan. 11 — State farmers' convention at 
Frankfort; 40 counties represented. 

Jan. 12 — Legislature enacts a law to 
prevent the careless or wanton or malicious 
use of deadly weapons ; gives to the widow 
and children action against the slayer, 

with vindictive damages Makes it a 

misdemeanor, punishable by fine of from 
$50 to $500, to sign the name of another 
to certain petitions, memorials, or remon- 
strances 19 — Increases the salaries 

of circuit court judges to $2,200, and of 

court of appeals judges to $2,700 

24 — RemonsI rates with congress against a 

tax on leaf tobacco 26 — The governor 

requested to obtain from the U. S. secre- 
tary of war copies of the rolls of Ky. sol- 
diers in the Mexican war, there being none 
now in possession of the state authorities. 

Jan. 13 — A bill chartering the Grant 
Deposit Bank of Louisville — all the cor- 
porators of which are men of color — passes 
the senate by 22 to 7, but is not acted on 
in the house. 

Jan. 13— Death, in Boyle co., of John 
Spears, sen., aged nearly 95 years. Al- 
though a boy of ten years at the time, he 
was with the patriot army as an assistant 
in charge of a wagon, and witnessed the 
surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, Va. 

Jan. 15 — The public buildings — court 
house or clerks' offices— in each of 28 coun- 
ties were destroyed, or more or less injured, 
during the war; as appears from a bill 
introduced in the legislature to restore 
them. 

Jan. 15 — "Ashland" — so long the home 
of Henry Clay, near Lexington, embracing 
325 acres of the best land in the bluegrass 
region— purchased at $90,000 by the trus- 
tees of Ky. University, as the site for one 
of its departments, the new Agricultural 
College. 

Jan. 17— Gold in New York 139%. 

Jan. 18— The senate, by 21 to 14, re- 
jects the nomination, made Dec. 15, 1865, 
of Wm. L. Neale as treasurer of Ky., for 
the vacancy caused by the death of Jas. 
H. Garrard — to commence Jan. 1, 1866. 
Next day, Capt. Wm. L. Neale having 
tendered his resignation of the commis- 
sion be now holds as treasurer of Ky., the 



governor nominates, and the senate by 35 
for to 1 against, confirms Gen. Thos. L. 
Crittenden to be treasurer. 

Jan. 20— The house of representatives 
rescinds a resolution of that body, adopted 
Jan. 19, 1864, which dispensed for the re- 
mainder of that session, with the services 
of Rev. Jas. M. Lancaster and Rev. Jno. 
N. Norton, (one of whom, or of the other 
resident ministers of Frankfort, had for 
years opened with prayer the sessions of 
each branch of the legisUature,) " because 
they would not or did »ot take a certain oath 
prescribed by law." The rescission now is 
because **it appears that said resolution 
and the report accompanying it was an 
improper and unjust reflection upon their 
private and ministerial cliaracter." 

Jan. 22 — Convention of amateur fisher- 
men at Frankfort ; stock-books opened for 
the Ky. Piscatorial Co., and the legisla- 
ture memorialized to protect the fishing 
interest of the state. 

Jan. 23 — Hog cholera quite prevalent in 
several counties. 

Jan. 23 — Gen. Abraham Buford receives 
at his farm near Versailles, Woodford oo., 
the celebrated English stallion Leaming- 
ton, which cost $22,000, and two mares, 
Jerusalem and Lady Moments, which were 
valued at $2,500 each in England. 

Jan. 24 — Alarming prevalence of the 
small-pox among the negroes in Louis- 
ville. 

Jan. 25— The house unanimously , and the 
senate with a slight amendment, adopted 
the following joint resolution: 

" Whereas, it is represented in the public 
journals that Maj. Gen. Clinton B. Fisk, 
the head of the Freedmen's Bureau in Ky,, 
did, on the 18th inst., deliver an address 
in the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, in which 
he made, amongst others, these state- 
ments: 

" Only the day before yesterday, in Lex- 
ington, thirteen discharged colored sol- 
diers stood in the streets, in full sight of 
Henry Clay's monument, with their bodies 
lacerated, their backs bleeding from the 
cruel lash, their heads cut to the scalp, 
and one or two of them with their eyes 
put out ! And what for, do you suppose ? 
Simply for going to their former masters 
and asking for their wives and children. 
I appealed to the civil authorities in their 
behalf, and was told there was no law in 
Ky. to help them. I heard there of a 
slave to be sold on a certain day ; I made 
an arrangement with the master commis- 
sioner to buy him myself — aa the last slave 
to be sold in Ky !" 

" And whereas, it is believed that those 
statements have no foundation in fact, and 
are calculated to place the people of Ky. in 
a false light before the country ; therefore, 
be it Resolved, that a committee be ap- 
pointed, of two from the house and one 
from the senate, to proceed immediately 
to Lexington, and ascertain the truth or 
falsity of the statements," ke. Wm. A. 
Dudley, from the senate, and Benj. F. 
Buckner and John M. Armstrong, from 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



the house, were appointed the committee, 
Feb. 15— The committee reported an out- 
line of the testimony taken, with the tes- 
timony in full, and a letter of Feb. 2 from 
Gen. Fisk ; and came to the conclusion — 
" that the charges made by Gen. Fisk are 
false and slanderous ; they are but a c 
tinuation of the system of misrepresei 
tion to which the people of this state have 
been exposed for several years — a system 
introduced and persevered in by offici 
holders of the general government, in ordi 
to extend and continue their own profits 
and powers ; and but too much encouraged 
by certain citizens of the state itself, ' 
the hope of recommending themsei\ 
thereby to the patronage of the party 
power at Washington." Mr. Armstro: 
filed a minority report — saying " he had 
not arrived at the conclusion that the al- 
leged statements of Gen. Fisk are fain 
and ftlanderouSf" and arguing in favor of 
further time for a more full investigation. 
Gen.Fisk's letter spoke of being denounced 
as a "liar and slanderer," and said h( 
would " retract before the world if it should 
appear that he had in the least misrepre- 
sented the people" of Ky. On motion of 
Mr. Armstrong, amended by others, Feb. 
17, the committee was directed to sit dur- 
ing the recess and make the investigation 
at an early day, giving Gen. Fisk notice 
to attend, cross-examine and introduce 
witnesses ; when finished, to furnish a full 
report of the testimony, with their decisi 
thereon, to the governor, who **is hereby 
directed to furnish the same to the p; 
dent of the United States." 

Jan. 26 — Great storm in Logan co. 
midnight; a number of tobacco barns and 
stables blown down, horses and m 
killed, fencing for miles blown away, and 
much other damage done. 

Jan. 27— Jno. H. Harney elected public 
printer, by the legislature, receiving 7S 
votes, Albert G. Hodges 42, Geo. D. Pren- 
tice 3, Thos. M. Green 1. In the caucu: 
of the Conservative members of the legis- 
lature, previously, the 2d ballot stood 
Green 41, Harney 26, Samuel I. M. Major 
8 ; but on the 3d ballot, Harney was nom- 
inated. 

Jan. 27— The house, by 68 to 21, resolved 
that the speaker appoint a committee to 
inquire into certain charges against Judge 
Wm. C. Goodloe — that he "had been guilty 
of a high misdemeanor in requiring, of his 
own will and without authority of law, the 
clerk of the Fayette circuit court to enter 
an order dismissing indictments for crimes 
found against David S. Goodloe, Hiram 
Shaw, and others, at the appearance term 
and immediately after the grand jury had 
returned the same into court; and also 
that he had been guilty of other malprac- 
tices in ofiice ; with power in said commit- 
tee to sit at any place in this state, to sum- 
mon, swear, and examine witnesses, and 
report in writing at as early a day as prac- 
ticable." Jos. W. Davis, Geo. W. Carlisle, 
and Wm. L. Conklin were appointed the 
special committee. Feb. 1— The commit- 



tee were " instructed to give to Judge 
Goodloe notice of their sitting — that he 
may introduce testimony before them, and 
cross-examine witnesses introduced to tes- 
tify against him ; provided that, in the ab- 
sence of the witnesses, said depositions 
shall be read as evidence on the final trial, 
if said Goodloe shall be impeached" before 
the senate of Ky. This proviso, that tho 
depositions should be read on the trial, 
was repealed, Feb. 6, and afterwards, on 
same day, a communication from Judge 
Goodloe, dated Feb. 5, was read— which 
strongly protested against being deprived 
of the Constitutional right to meet the 
witnesses face to face. The select com- 
mittee were then discharged from the fur- 
ther consideration of the same, and the 
whole matter referred to the committee on 
the judiciary — who, Feb. 14, were directed 
to sit during the recess, "with power to 
send for persons and papers, to swear wit- 
nesses, and do any other act necessary to 
the proper investigation of the alleged 
malpractices of said Goodloe." 

Jan. 30 — Explosion of splendid steamer 
Missouri, in Ohio river, near the mouth of 
Green river ; boat wrecked, and nearly 
100 lives lost. 

Feb. 1—24 counties report 8,138 sheep, 
of value $20,273, killed by dogs, in 1865. 

Feb. .3— While Jas. W. Poore, late a Fed- 
eral soldier — who, on yesterday, when in 
a state of intoxication, killed a negro man 
without provocation — was undergoing his 
examining trial before Judge Thomas Ed- 
wards, at Harrodsburg, Capt. Wm. Good- 
loe, of the Freedmen's Bureau, makes his 
appearance with a detachment of negro 
soldiers, and presents an order from Gen. 
Clinton B. Fisk for the custody of the 
prisoner ; the civil authorities are com- 
pelled to submit, and the prisoner is taken 
to Camp Nelson. Feb. 10— The legisla- 
ture—by a vote of 76 to 2 in tho house, 
and unanimous in the senate — appoints 
committees to " present the matter to the 
governor, and request him to call on the 
president to remove inetanlli/ from oftice and 
command Clinton B. Fisk and Wm. Good- 
loe, .and deliver them to the civil authori- 
ties of this state to be tried for their viola- 
tion of the laws ; and that the prisoner be 
remanded back to the civil authorities for 
trial." Such prompt and decided action 
and unanimity had its (partial) effect. 
Feb. 14— The governor sent to the house a 
despatch from Gen. Fisk, then at St. Louis, 
saying he " had ordered that Poore, the 
murderer, be returned to the civil author- 
ities for trial. Officials of the Bureau are 
directed to adjudicate difficulties only in 
such cases as the testimony of colored per- 
sons is excluded by tho civil code." 

Feb. 3— Legislature passes an act author- 
izing married women and minors to deposite 
in banks and check out 5 — Estab- 
lishes a criminal court in the 9th district, 
Bracken, Campbell, Harrison, Kenton, and 
Pendleton counties Repeals the act 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Loans $20,000 to the Agricultural College, 

upon special terms Exempts froin 

execution or attachment for debts a home- 
stead of $1,000, of white house-keepers, 
with a family 14— $37,000 appropri- 
ated to complete building of Western Lu- 
natic Asylum and furnish same Rail- 
roads shall transport coal mined in the 
state at not exceeding 2M cents per ton of 
2,000 pounds per mile, or if in shippers' 

dren going to and from school exempt from 

turnpike tolls Made finable to hunt 

or shoot on the Sabbath 17 — Bounty 

allowed for killing wolf $2^4, wildcat $1%, 

red fox $2, and grey fox $1 Military 

interference shall make any election in- 
valid. 

Feb. 4— Death, at Bethany, near Wheel- 
ing, West Virginia, aged 77, of Elder Alex. 
Campbell, one of the founders of the Re- 
formed Baptist or Christian church. 

Feb. 5— Death, at Glasgow, of William 
Sampson, chief justice of Ky. Gov. Bram- 
leLte appoints ex-chief justice Thomas A. 
Marshall to fill the vacancy. 

Feb. 6 — Death, at Ashland, aged 78 
years, of Aaron Dupee, the faithful serv- 
ant of Henry Clay — who accompanied him 
in all his travels in Europe, and during 
his residence in public life in Washington 
city. 

Feb. 6— Jno. Lucas, as executor of Wm. 
Garth, dec'd, notiBes the public that he is 
ready to pay over the sum of $42,612 for 
the endowment of a professorship of math- 
ematics in a college to be located at Paris, 
Bourbon co., so soon as $100,000 additional 
is secured to establish such college. 

Feb. 6— A. W. Lawwill, superintendent 
of Freedmen's Bureau in Mason co., ad- 
dresses to Thos. Daulton, mayor of Mays- 
ville and also a justice of the peace, two 
communications " proposing that he shall 
act as agent of said Bureau in the admin- 
istration of justice, and in such case admit 
the testimoni/ of colored men in his courts." 
Daulton replies indignantly to some of 
Lawwill's snggcstions, then adds : " While 
not recognizing your right in the premises, 
it is respectful to say, that in all cases 
where the laws of Ky. allow negroes to 
testify, they are freely heard in my courts 
and never denied the privilege." 

Feb. 7— In the U. S. house of represen- 
tatives, Mr. Stevens' proposition in refer- 
ence to the Freedmen's Bureau — which 
involved giving of homesteads to the 
freedmen, from forfeited lands of the 
Southern white people — was voted down, 
ayes 37, nays 126. Of the Ky. delegation. 
Green Clay Smith, AVm. H. Randall, and 
Samuel McKee voted for it, and Lovell 11. 
Rousseau, Burwell C. Ritter, Aaron Hard- 
ing, Geo. S. Shanklin, Henry Grider, and 
Lawrence S. Trimble against it. 

Feb. 10 — A petition, signed by 70 mem- 
bers of the Ky. legislature, asking the 
pardon of Gen. John C. Breckinridge, sent 
to President Johnson. 

Feb. 10— "One-arm" Berry, the noted 
guerrilla, tried by a military commission 



at Louisville, found guilty of 11 separate 
murders, and condemned to be hung on 
March 3d. Subsequently, Gen. Palmer 
commutes the sentence to 10 years impris- 
onment in the penitentiary at Albany, 
N. Y. 

Feb. —The seats of the following sen- 
ators were contested, declared vacant, and 
new elections ordered; 1. Dr. A. Sidney 
Allan, of Clark co., by Harrison Thomp- 
son ; 2. R. Tarvin Baker, of Campbell co., 
by Geo. R. Fearons ; 3. Mortimer M. Ben- 
ton, of Kenton CO., by John G. Carlisle; 
4. Lucien B. Goggin, of Mason co., by Wm. 
C. Halbert. Mr. Baker was again elected, 
and Messrs. Thompson, Carlisle, and Hal- 
bert. 

In the house, the seats were contested 
and declared vacant of the following: 1. 
Geo. W. Ballew, of Madison co., by A. J. 
Mershon ; 2. Lander Barber, of Bath co., 
by Basil D. Lacy ; 3. Ulysses Pelham 
Degman and Jacob Hawthorn, of Camp- 
bell CO., by John C. Beck and Jas. White; 
4. Richard Gregory, of Hopkins co., by 
Wm. A. Morton ; 5. Dr. James Wilson, of 
Pendleton co., by Wm. A. Brann; 6. John 
Stroube, of Bracken co., by Wm. H. Rey- 
nolds ; 7. Daniel Murphy, of Garrard co., 
by W. J. Lusk. Messrs. Degman and 
Hawthorn were again elected, and Messrs. 
Mershon, Lacy, Brann, Reynolds, and 
Lusk; Chas. S. Green was elected in place 
of R. Gregory. 

These seats were declared vacant because 
the election in each case was " neither free 
nor equal in the sense required in the Con- 
stitution," or was "controlled by force 
and violence," or was " regulated, con- 
trolled, and unduly influenced by armed 
soldiers in the service of the United States, 
in utter disregard of the law." The testi- 
mony proved that soldiers, armed with 
guns and bayonets, in some cases took 
possession of the polls, so far as to arrest 
some and threaten to arrest others who 
were accused of having Southern sym- 
pathy, and prevent them from voting. At 
the Cold Spring precinct, in Campbell co., 
several witnesses swore that Capt. Jas. AY. 
Re.ad, 53d Ky., arrested seven voters, sep- 
arately, and put them under guard in a 
pen, 15 steps from the polls, and in full 
view of the turnpike ; that he grossly in- 
sulted, abused, and cursed one, threatened 
to shoot, and threatened to gag him ; that 
he tied two of them with ropes, their backs 
to a tree, their arms drawn behind them 
and tied — in which position they were 
kept from about 8 A. M, until 73^ p. M. 
Capt. John F. Herbert, of Gen. Palmer's 
staff, was there, released several from the 
pen, but refused to release others. Many 
trages, only less violent, were 






'Cd. 



Feb. 13— A committee, of John B. Bru- 
ner and Milton J. Cook in the senate, and 
Dr. John F. McMillan, John Draffin, and 
Jno. M. Armstrong in the house, appointed 
to receive propositions from Louisville 
and other places for the removal of the 
seat of government from Frankfort. 



170 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



Feb. 14 — Legislature passes seven acts 
concerning negroes ; conferring certain 
civil rights, relieving ttiem from most of 
their legal disabilities as slaves, making 
them subject to the same punishments for 
crime and misconduct as whites (except 
for rape on white women), authorizing 
schools and appropriating to the education 
of their children all taxes collected from 
the colored race, except so much, not over 
one-half, as may be necessary to support 
their paupers ; besides other provisions. 

Feb. 15 — Gen. Henry E. Read of La- 
rue CO., Col. Jack Allen of Shelby co.. 
Col. John D. Morris of Hopkinsville, 
(former "provisional treasurer of Ky."), 
Lewis Garth, Messrs. Bell, and a number 
of others — ex-Confederate military and 
civil oflicers — arrested for treason, by direc- 
tion of Judge Bland Ballard, of the U. S. 
district court forKy.,and released on parole 
to answer at the ensuing term of the court. 

Feb. 17 — Legislature, claiming "to have 
enacted laws for the colored population — 
characterized by justice and humanity, 
suited to their present condition, and nec- 
essary and proper for their welfare" — by 
resolution " requests the president of the 
U. S. to cause a removal of the Freed- 
men's Bureau from this state ;" and also 
to revoke his order suspending the writ of 
habeas corpus. 

Feb. 18— The Freedmen's Bureau proves 
itself a dangerous machine. In Louis- 
ville, about two years ago. Dr. Keller was 
annoyed by a little mulatto boy living near 
by, who persisted in ringing the doctor's 
door-bell; until Dr. K. caught him at it, 
and switched his legs for it. The mother 
came up and abused the doctor with the 
vilest of epithets, which he resented by 
striking her several times with a whip. For 
this he was first arraigned before the police 
court, where the case was dismissed." He 
was then brought before a military court 
and sentenced to 30 days' imprisonment, 
but was let off before the expiration of the 
term. Next he was sued for $5,000 dam- 
ages, which case is still pending. And 
now the Freedmen's Bureau arraigns and 
fines him $50. What the end will be, un- 
der the military tyranny of the day, is 
yet to be developed ! 

Feb. 22— Large and enthusiastic meet- 
inff at Louisville, without distinction of 



presided, and was one of the speakers. 

Feb. 22— Cnpt. Jas. W. Read, late of the 
55th Ky., fined $4,000 by a jury in the 
circuit court at Alexandria, Campbell co. — 
upon two indictments charging him with 
preventing legal voters from voting at the 
last August election ; and for a like offense, 
Capt. J. H. Lennin, late of the 53d Ky., is 
fined $500. Being unable or unwilling to 
pay the fine, both were cast into jail — first 
telegraphing to Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, 
" who had issued an order that no citizen 
should be arrested and iuijirisoncd for acts 
committed while in the military service of 
the U. S." 



Feb. 25 — Jesse Root Grant, father of 
Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, appointed 
postmaster of Covington, in place of Ham- 
ilton Cummings, removed for the purpose. 

Feb. 27— Golden wedding, at Maysville, 
of Christian Shultz and wife Charlotte— a 
daughter of Gen. Henry Lee, who came to 
Kv. in 1779. 

March 10— Jas. Guthrie, of Ky., on the 
floor of the U. S. senate, states his opinion 
"that ten thousand millions' worth of prop- 
erty has been destroyed in the South," in 
consequence of the war. 

March 25— Death, at Louisville, aged 
77, of Thos. Smith— over 50 years ago, an 
enterprising publisher afLexington, first 
of the Ky. Gazelle and then of the Reporter. 

March 25— The affairs of the Ky. Trust 
Co. bank at Covington, which closed doors 
in 1854, finally wound up. The entire 
circulation, over $1,000,000, has been re- 
deemed, dollar for dollar, and every de- 
March 26— Duel, with pistols, on the 
farm of Jas. K. Duke in Seott co., between 
Capt. Joseph Desha and Capt. Alex. Kim- 
brough, both of Harrison co.; on the sec- 
ond round, Kimbrough wounded in the 
hip, not dangerously ; cause — a personal 
matter before the war, renewed since; 
Desha was in the Confederate, and Kim- 
brough in the Federal army. 

March 26 — U. S. supreme court, at 
Washington city, decides that the shares 
of National banks are personal property, 
and as such, subject to state taxation. 

March 26— Geo. W. Spurrier, of Shelby 
CO., has just purchased, for $1,150, a steer 
6 years old, which weighs 4,000 pounds — 
probably the largest in the country. 

March 27, 28— .4t Paris, a negro man 
commits a rape on a white child ten years 
old, then cuts her throat and disembowels 
her. He is taken out of jail by the citi- 
zens, and hnng. 

March 27 — Maj. Gen. Palmer tenders 
his resignation. Maj. Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, 
of Indiana, is his successor, as military 
commandant of Ky. 

March 28 — Bertrand, a returned negro 
soldier, hung by a mob at Paris — for rape 
and murder of a daughter of Thos. Doolin, 
4 miles from Paris. 

April 1 — Discoveries of lead ore in 
Owen, Scott, Fayette, Grayson, and other 
counties, and of oil in Barren, Cumber- 
land, Pendleton, Alontgomery, and many 
other counties. 

April 1— Death, at Boston, aged about 
75 years, of Chester Harding— who has 
painted the portraits of more distinguished 
men in Europe and America than any one 
living. Besides portraits of Henry Clay, 
Daniel Webster, James Madison, James 
Monroe, John Quincy Adams, and Wash- 
ington Alston, he hunted up the great 
pioneer Daniel Boone in his Missouri 



I of 



ige, 



pro- 



served his features — believed to be the 

only portrait of him ever taken from life. 

April 2— President Johnson, by f .rmal 

proclamation, declares " the insurrection 



1866. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



which heretofore existed in the Southern 
stMtes at an end, and Lenueforth to be so 
regarded." 

April 5 — Rer. Stuart Robinson, D. D., 
of the 2d Presbyterian church, Louisville, 
returns from Canada, after several years' 
absence, and resumes his pastorship. 

April 12, 14 — Several eases of "Lynch 
law" in Boyle and Woodford counties. 

April 17 — Sales of stock of Ky. banks 
at Lexington: Northern Bank $127:10, 
Farmers' $115, Louisville $102, and Com- 
mercial $100. 

April 23 — Isham Henderson, of the Lou- 
isville Journal, arrested by Gen. .Jeff. C. 
Davis and Lieut. Col. Wm. H. Coyl, under 
orders from Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, through 
Gen. R. AV. Johnson, at Nashville— sues 
out from Judge Bland Ballard, of the U. S. 
district court for Ky., a writ of habeas 
corpus, returnable next day. (The U. S. 
secretary of war, Edwin M. Stanton — in 
which he was sustained by President John- 
son — had directed that Henderson be tried 
by court martial at Nashville, on a charge 
of complicity in the corral frauds in that 
city ; and hence the order for his arrest.) 
Gen. Davis and Col. Coyl refused to obey 
the writ of habeas corpus, alleging the 
orders of their superior ofBcers ; Davis 
producing the " confidential " telegram 
from Gen. Thomas, which directed him to 
arrest Henderson, " send him under guard 
to the provost marshal general at Nash- 
ville, and obey no writ of habeas corpus in 
his case." Judge Ballard adjudged these 
returns insufficient, and issued a peremp- 
tory order that the body of Isham Hender- 
son be forthwith produced. Davis again 
shielded himself behind Thomas, and 
Coyl behind Davis — both again refus- 
ing to obey the writ. Judge Ballard im- 
mediately ordered their arrest for contempt 
of court. Davis resisted the order of ar- 
rest, and JudgeBallard decided such resist- 
ance a criminal act, for which his case 
would be presented to the grand jury. 
Henderson was forcibly taken to Nash- 
ville, and there released by Gen. Thomas 
under bonds to appear for trial. June 19 — 
Judge Ballard ordered his discharge from 
the custody of the military authorities ; 
but Gen. Thomas refused to surrender to 
Henderson his bonds, notwithstanding his 
release from trial before the military. It 
was announced, June 21, that he would be 
tried before the U. S. court at Nashville, 
on the same charges for which he was ar- 
raigned before the general court martial 
there. 



May 1 — Democratic state 
Louisville; 81 counties, out of 110, in the 
state, represented. Judge Alvin Duvall 
nominated for clerk of court of appeals. 



May 3 — Negro man hung by Lynch law, 
at Brunerstown, Jefferson eo., for rape on 
a white girl 9 years old. May 7 — Negro 
hung at Frankfort, by the same law, for 
attempt at rape on a white child 7 years 
old. May 18 — Negro hung by Lynch 
law at Owensboro, for attempted rape on a 
white young lady. 

May 4 — Death, in Louisville, of Capt. 
Thos. Joyes, aged 77— the first white male 
born in that place. 

May 8 — Total valuation of taxable prop- 
erty in Louisville $46,720,000. 

May 10 — The venerable Elder ("Rac- 
coon") John Smith, of the Christian 
Church, (a citizen of Ky., nearly 82 years 
old, and for 68 years a minister,) having 
been preaching occasionally for several 
months in the town of Mexico, Missouri— 
without having taken, and having posi- 
tively refused to take, the test oath required 
by the new Constitution of Missouri, of all 
ministers of the gospel — Indicted by the 
grand jury several weeks since ; to-day, 
just after having bidden his children and 
friends farewell, and started to the train 
going towards his Ky. home, he was ar- 
rested by the sheriflF; who politely told 
him the cause of his arrest: "We all 
know that you are a Uoion man, but you 
have preached without taking the oath." 
" I have done so," replied the brave old 
elder, " and I shall preach on without tak- 
ing it. I say this, not in the spirit of re- 
sistance to law, but, with the example of 
the first Christians before me, I submit to 
law, and take the penalty; I will not tajae 
the oath! You will have no trouble in 
conducting me to jail ; but tell ray friends 
to build them an arbor near my window, for 
I will still try to preach to them. I never 
flee from civilized man." The sheriff, un- 
willing to incarcerate the noble minister, 
presented a bail bond for his appearance 
for trial on Oct. 15, 1866, .and begged him 
to sign it; "Any one will go on it as your 
security; if the law permitted, I would do 
it myself." He refused positively, prefer- 
ring to suffer : but upon being informed 
that at least 100 men had resolved to de- 
liver him from prison, at the risk of their 
lives, that blood would doubtless be shed 
in the attempt and some of his own friends 
might fall, he hesitated. Rather than be 
the occasion of a human life being taken, 
he resolved to give up ; with a palsied and 
trembling hand, he signed the bond. It 
was done reluctantly, and gave his brave 
heart great pain. [The trial never came 



The 



ath 



of the supreme court of the United 
States, and the indictment afterwards dis- 
missed.] « 

May 12 — Large emigration, by wagon 
through central Ky., from North Carolina 
and East Tennessee to Illinois and In- 
diana. 

May 12— Murder, in Paris, of Robert T. 
Armstrong by Robert Merimee. 

May 17 — Lebanon branch of the Louis- 

* Life of Elder John Smith, p. 002. 



172 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



ville and Nashville railroad opened to 
Stanfoi-d, Lincoln co. 

May 23— Death, at Frankfort, of Ephra- 
ini L. Van Winkle, secretary of state. 
His brother, John S. Van Winkle, ap- 
pointed to the vacancy. 

May 26— Rev. Lewis G. Barbour, now 
city surveyor of Lexington, announces to 
surveyors that he has just determined the 
variation of the magnetic needle by an 
observation of the North Star on its merid- 
ian, 3° 35' east. In the spring of 1852, 
while engineering on the Lexington and 
Danville railroad, he took the variation at 
Shakertown and in .Jessamine co. — then a 
little over 4°. This corresponds with the 
statements of writers on the subject — th.at, 
in the Western states gener.ally, the varia- 
tion is diminishing at the rate of nearly 2' 
per year. The annual variation of 2' 
should he added to all S. W. and S. E. 
courses, and subtracted from all N. W. 
and N. E. courses. Fifteen years will 
make a difference of half a degree, thirty 
years of one degree, and in the same pro- 
portion back to the year 1801. 

May 30 — Union state convention at Lou- 
isville ; R. R. Boiling nominated for clerk 
of the court of appeals. 

May 30— Hemp. selling at $16 per 100 
pounds ; its production greatly stimulated. 

May 31 — National Tobacco fair at Lou- 
isville ; premiums very liberal, and the 
premium hogsheads sold at remarkably 
high prices per 100 pounds as below : 
No. and Am'tof To whom Price realized. 

Premium. awarded. per 100 lbs. 

Manufactured Leaf : 

let SlOU Carpenter & Sturgeon, 

Hart CO srm 

2d 60 Geo. VV. Wicks, Louisville 18(1 

Sd 23 M. C. Woodson, Ballard co.. 120 

Shipping Leaf; 

1st Sino Edward Boy, Christian co..,. 25 

2d 50 Thos. F. Pettus, Montgom- 
ery CO., Tenn 24 

3d 25 Lyle & Howell, Christian co. 23 

Cutting Leaf: 

Ist $100 John Thomaa, Owen co 115 

2d .''O D. P. Yancy, Oweu co 65 

3d 25 D. B. Morgan, OweD CO 47 

Ci?arLeaf: 

let S75 Jas.Norris. Mason co 40 

2d 40 Alfred H. & T. Pollock, 

Mason CO 2S's 

3d 20 Wm.H.Reynolds.Brackenco. H 

The Lady's Hogshead ; 

$100 Miss Betty Wilson, 



..M. 



. Woodson, Ballard c 



?ick6. Louisville. 
Three Hogsheads Leaf Tobacco : 

Best... STo A. G. Oglesby, Ballard co. 

2d 40 W. G. Simpson, Owen CO. 

3d 20 B. P. Yancy, Owen co. 

For the best-prized hogshead of leaf tobacco, 
premium to M. W, Prewett, Louisville. 
» The hest in hh.ls. sold at $8fi. S82, 4.?'-^. 48, 37, 

at S47, 42] 4(1, Vit'i. 30'4. 27!^. 2f.K. 2(i, 25, and 22! 
lOShhds. sold at auction for $113,.55-. 

June 3 — The ILarrison circuit court, at 
Cynthiana, decides that there is no law 
authorizing the Freedmen's Bureau in 
Ky.; and that all acts of its agents affect- 
ing the property or personal liberty of 
others are but trespasses. Jonathan Smith, 



for flogging, in Sept., 1865, a negro man 
belonging to him, was summoned in April, 
1866, for trial before the Bureau agent at 
Cynthiana, Capt. Jas. W. Read, [the same 
who conducted the election at Cold Springs, 
Campbell co., in Aug. 1S65— see p. 169], 
and fined $75. He told the Bureau he 
would not pay it ; whereupon the Bureau 
fined him $25 for " contempt." Failing 
to pay in 10 days as ordered, the Bureau 
sent a file of soldiers, and levied upon two 
of his horses. Smith sued for their recov- 
ery ; the sheriff took them from Road, and 
restored them to Smith. In the circuit 
court, the Freedmen's Bureau was ad- 
judged to surrender the horses, and pay 
the costs of suit; and, of course, had to 
pocket the "contempt," without the $25 
soothing cordial. 

June 5 — U. S. attorney general James 
Speed, of Ky., by order of the President, 
Instructs "all U. S. marshals and attor- 
neys to cause the arrest of all prominent, 
leading, or conspicuous persons called 
Fenians — who are probably guilty of vio- 
lations of the neutrality laws." [This ia 
in consequence of the Fenian raid on Can- 
ad.a, since June 1st.] 

June 6— Rev. Geo. D. Cummings, D.D., 
of Chicago, unanimously elected assistant 
bishop of the Protestant Episcopal diocese 
of Ky. 

June 10 — President Johnson telegraphs 
military commanders to report every ease 
where unpardoned Confederates have been 
elected to civil office. He directed the 
removal from ofilce of the mayor of Ports- 
mouth, Va., because he had been a Con- 
federate colonel, and is yet unpardoned. 

June 13 — Gold in New York 145%; 
within a week after, it rose to 163, falling, 
June 20, to 152. 

June 14— In one of the halls of the U. S. 
capitol, at Washington city. Gen. Lovell 
H. Rousseau, representative from the Lou- 
isville district, breaks his cane over the 
face of Joaiah B. Grinnell, a representa- 
tive from Iowa, for offensive words in de- 
bate — an apology h.aving been demanded 
and refused. June 18— The house laid on 
the table the resolution censuring Mr. 
Grinnell, and passed the resolution that 
for the assault on him Gen. Rousseau be 
reprimanded by the Speaker. June 21 — 
Gen. Rousseau made an able speech in de- 
fense of his assault, and then tendered 
the resignation of his seat as a member — 
which the house decided did not clear him 
from its censure. The Speaker called 
him to the bar of the house, and briefly 
reprimanded him — when he retired from 
the hall. [He was a candidate, and re- 
elected, Sept. 15th, without opposition.] 

June 26— Col. Rich.ird R. Boiling de- 
clines the canvass as the Union party nom- 
inee for clerk of the court of appeals, and 
Gen. Edward H. Hobson becomes the can- 
didate. 

July 2— Northern Bank of Ky., out of 
the last six months' profits, declares a div- 
idend of 7, Bank of Ky. 3, Bank of Louis- 
■alle 3, and the Farmers' Bank 10 per cent. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



173 



July — Hog cholera prevailing to an 
alarming extent over a lavge portion of 
the state. In Oct. succeeding, a farmer 
in Bracken co. lost 300 head of hogs, and 
another in Mason co. 145 head. 

July 9 — Judge James P. Harbeson, of 
the Louisville city court, decides the civil 
rights bill incompatible with state laws in 
some of its provisions, and so far inopera- 
tive in Ky.; and refuses to admit negro 
testimony in the case of Ryan, charged 
with a deadly assault upon a negro; his is 
a Ky. court, and Ky. statutes must rule. 
He regrets that the Ky. legislature did 
not pass an act giving free negroes the 
right to testify in such cases, and leave 
the credibility of their statements to the 
judges and jurors. 

July 21— Riot at Columbus, Hickmnn 
CO., caused by a railroad conductor at- 
tempting to cut some buttons off a negro's 
coat. Three or four negroes killed and 
several wounded; several whites missing, 
but whether killed or not, not ascertained. 

July 23 — Terrible freshet in Brush creek, 
Owen CO., raising the Ky. river, into which 
it empties, 14 feet higher than ever known; 
dwellings, cabins, stables, fencing, swept 
away ; the residence of Mr. Noel carried 
off, and his whole family of 9 persons 
drowned. 

July 26— Whirlwind passed over Dan- 
ville, tearing off half the tin roof of Cald- 
well Female Institute, and doing much 
other damage. 

July 26— At Louisa, Lawrence co., two 
men and a boy who, three months ago, 
were found guilty of murder and robbery, 
taken out of jail by a mob, and hung. 

July 30 — Orville H. Browning, of 111., 
(a native of Harrison co., Ky.,) appointed 
U. S. secretary of the interior, in Presi- 
dent Johnson's cabinet — vice Jas. Harlan, 
resigned. 

Aug. 6 — County judges, sheriffs, .ind 
other officers elected. Judge Alvin D avail 
elected clerk of the court of appeals : Du- 
vall 95,979, Gen. Edward H. Hobson 58.- 
035— maj. 37,944. Great excitement and 
much bad blood around the polls in many 
precincts; not less thiin 20 men killed, in 
the aggregate, in the state. M. R. Hardin 
elected judge of the court of appeals, in 
the 3d district, over Judge Thos. A. Mar- 
shall. 

Aug. 7 — Burning of the splendid steamer 
Bostona No. 3. opposite lower end of Mays- 
ville; loss of property $160,000; wife of 
Rev. Jonathan E. Spilman fatally burned. 

Aug. 9 — Mr. Buford's stables at Nicho- 
lasville. Jessamine co., destroyed by fire — 
the work of an incendiary ; 26 fine horses, 
brought here to attend the agricultural 
fair, and worth over $16,000, burned. 

Aug. 11— Deaths from Asiatic cholera 
in Cincinnati 38, 12th 54, 13th, 68, 15th 
78, 2lst 54, 22d 33, 29th 3. But few deaths, 
thus far, in Ky. 

Aug. 14, 15, 16— National Union con- 
vention at Philadelphia ; 24 delegates, of 
all parties, from Ky. 

Aug. — In Covington, 5 citizens report 



incomes during 1865 over $20,000, viz.: 
Vincent Shinkle $31,066, Geo. W. Ball 
$30,390, Amos Shinkle $29,961, Robert 
Hemingray .$22,840, and Jas. S. Wayne 
$20,649 ; 12 report incomes between $10,- 
000 and $20,000, and 26 over $5,000 and 
under $10,000. In Lexington, only 1 re- 
ports an income over $20,000, viz.: Henry 
Bell $53,710 ; 8 report incomes over $10,- 
000 and less than $15,000, and 18 over 
$5,000 and less than $10,000. In Mays- 
ville, 1 report.^ an income of $13,273, and 
5 between $5,000 and $10,000. In Ash- 
land, Boyd CO., John Means reports $23,- 
062 income. 

Aug. 23 — Wire suspension bridge over 
the Licking river at the Lower Blue Licks 
opened. 

Sept. 5 — A negro man, drunk and mak- 
ing fight, shot, on the agricultural fair 
grounds near Paris ; he is arrested, and at 
night forcibly taken from the jail by Lynch 
law, and shot dead. 

Sept. 6—450 persons attend R. A. Alex- 
ander's annual stock sale, at Woodburn 
Farm, Woodford co. Aneroid sold for 
$7,000, and other thoroughbred young 
stallions for $1,000 to $1,600 each; thor- 
oughbred fillies from $400 to $1,080. 

Sept. 14 — Corn in the field sold, at auc- 
tion, at $24 per acre, in Bourbon co. 

Sept. 15— Brevet Maj. Gen. Stephen G. 
Burbridge appointed a lieutenant colonel 
in the regular U. S. army. 

Sept. 17 — Death, at Louisville, suddenly, 
from rheumatism of the heart, of George 
Alfred Caldwell, one of the ablest lawyers 
in the state, and a representative in con- 
gress in 1843^5 and 1849-51. 

Sept. 20— The grand jury of Gallatin 
CO. having found an indictment for mur- 
der against C. W. Ferris, U. S. mail a;;ent 
on the steamer Gen. Buell, he is forcibly 
seized, when the boat lands at Warsaw, 
by 200 citizens who board the boat for the 
purpose, and is sent by the sheriff to the 
U. S. authorities at Louisville — the circuit 
court having transferred his case to the 
U. S. district court for trial. He had been 
provost marshal at Warsaw, during the 
war, and was said to be instrumental in 
the execution of two guerrillas by Gen. 
Burbridge. 

Sept. 20— Judge Wiley P. Fowler, of the 
Paducah circuit, decides the Freedmen's 
Bureau law unconstitutional. 

Sept. 20— Death, near Manchester, Clay 
CO., aged 85, of Col. Daniel Garrard, son 
of the late Gov. James G.arrard, of Bour- 
bon CO., and father of Brig. Gen. The- 
ophilus T. Garrard and the Jate state 
treasurer Jas. H. Garrard. Col. 6., at his 
death, was the oldest native of Bourbon 
county. 

Sept. 28 — Death from cholera, near Hop- 
kinsville. Christian co., of Henry C. Bur- 
nett, representative in the U. S. congress 
from 1855-61, and senator from Ky. in the 
late Confederate States congress, 1861-65. 

Sept. 28 — An immense crowd, estimated 
at over 10,000 people, present at the h.ang- 
ing, at Newport, Campbell co., of Allen P. 



174 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1867 



Eggleston aliaa Walter B. Watson, for the 
murder of Capt. Almon P. Mentor, leader 
of the celebrated " Menter's Band" of 
musicians. 

Oct. 1— Great interest in Pulaski, Wayne 
and other counties, in the proposed ex- 
tension of the Kentucky Central rail- 
road from Nicholasville, through Danville 
and Somerset, towards Knoxville, Tenn. 
Written pledges of voters given to sub- 
scribe $200,000 by Pulaski, $50,000 by 
Wayne, and other sums by other counties, 
as soon as the legislature authorizes a 
vote. 

Oct. 3— At the St. Louis agricultural 
fair, the great premium of $700 awarded 
to Knight of St. George, a splendid im- 
ported stallion belonging to Keene Rich- 
ards, of Scott CO., Ky. 

Oct. 5— Death, in Breckinridge co., aged 
80, of Fred. A. Kaye, for 16 years mayor 
of Louisville; he was born in the first 
brick house erected there. 

Oct. 10— Permanent division of the Pres- 
byterian Synod of Ky., in session at Hen- 
derson ; each party claims to be the Synod 
of Ky. 

Oct. 18 — Court of appeals decides the 
Ky. laws expatriating so-called rebels un- 
constitutional. 

Oct. 19 — About 20 houses occupied by 
negroes, in and near Lebanon, Marion co., 
broken into, robbed, and greatly injured 
by a band called "Skaag's men." 

Oct. 22—132 car-loads of cattle, east- 
ward bound, passed over the Ky. Central 
railroad to-day. 

Nov. 1— Wm. T. Samuels, state auditor, 
reports $1,336,152 in the state treasury. 

Nov. 8— Guerrill.as throw the train on 
the Louisville and Nashville railroad from 
the track, four miles from Franklin, Simp- 
son CO., and plunder the passengers ; the 
forward cars were burnt ; the robbers were 
arrested, a few days after. 

Nov. —$976,956 of taxable property 
in Ky. owned by negroes, upon which the 
tax is $3,661. 

Nov. 11— Remains of Brig. Gen. Roger 
W. Hanson, who fell at Stone River, in 
Jan. 1863, interred in the cemetery at 
Lexington. 

Nov. 15 — Gen. Thos. L. Crittenden, 
state treasurer, resigns, to become a colonel 
in the regular U. S. army. Alfred Allen 
appointed his successor. 

Nov. 18- Duel, near Bowling Green, 
between Jno. H. Grasscup and Jno. Blair, 
both officers in the late C. S. army ; the 
former slightly and the latter seriously 
wounded. 

Nov. 24 — Banquet to Geo. D. Prentice, 
on this 36th .anniversary of his editorial 
management of the Louisville Journal^ 
by the aUachfs of the oflBce. 

Nov. 24 — Three prisoners, charged with 
robbery, Clem. Crowdus, Wm. Goode, and 
Thos. Stephens, taken out of jjiil at night 
by a party of 120 men on horseback from 
the surrounding towns and country, and 
hung to the limb of a tree, at Lebanon, 
Marion CO.; no other prisoners molested. 



Nov. 27— Col. Geo. D. Blakey and Dr. 
Noah S. Moore, of Ky., and Gen. A. McAl- 
lister, of Pa., appointed commissioners 
under the law of congress to make awards 
to loyal owners of slaves enlisted into 
the Union army, open their sessions at 
Frankfort. 

Dec. 1— During the month of Nov., live 
stock as follows carried over the Ky. Cen- 
tral railroad, from Paris northward : hogs 
22,404, cattle 4,064, sheep 1,074, and mules 
381. 

Dec. 1, 2 — The iron suspension bridge 
over the Ohio river between Covington and 
Cincinnati opened for passengers ; 46,000 
people crossed on Saturday, 1st, and about 
120,000 on Sunday. Jan. 1, 1867— Formal 
opening for vehicles ; about 48,000 people 
crossed. 

Dec, 6 — Georgia legislature passes a vote 
of thanks " for the Ky. donation of 10,000 
bushels of corn for the poor of Georgia." 

Dec. 8 — Geo. Brumbach sues the city of 
Louisville for $25,000, alleging that the 
death of his wife and daughter by cholera, 
last summer, was caused by the city's neg- 
ligence in so grading Tenth street that the 
yards of the houses were overflowed, 
thereby producing the pestilence. 

Dec. 10— Between 1,000 and 1,200 bales 
of cotton produced in Hickman co., this 

Dec. 14 — The bill legalizing negro suf- 
frage in the District of Columbia passes 
the U. S. house of representatives by 118 to 
46 — all the Ky. members voting against it. 

Dec. 15 — President Johnson grants par- 
dons to Gen. Abraham Buford and Gen. 
Humphrey Marshall. He had previously 
pardoned Gen. Geo. B. Hodge and others. 

Dec. 24— Al. McRoberts, a negro, des- 
perate and of bad character, resists and 
shoots a constable while arresting him, at 
Danville, and is himself shot. At 11 p. ii., 
a mob takes him from the jail, and hangs 
him in the old graveyard. 

Dec. 27— Thos. Shelton, now 91 years 
old, re-elected a justice of the peace of 
Huntington township, Brown co., Ohio. 
His residence is in Aberdeen, opposite 
Maysville, Ky.; he has held the office 53 
years in succession, and has married 3,100 
couples, most of them "runaways" from 
Kentucky. 

Dec. 31—0. B. Duke killed, at Mount- 
sterling, by Wm. Barnes, whose life the 
former had threatened. Dec. 3 — Duke 
had been taken to Louisville for killing a 
lieutenant in the regular army, (his 6th 
victim), and remanded to the civil author- 

1867, Jan. 1 — During the year 1866, 
there were in Louisville 116 fires, with an 
aggregate loss of $408,055, of which $290,- 
230 were covered by insurance. 

Jan. 2^Judge Jos. Doniphan grants an 
injunction restraining the city council of 
Covington from transferring to Vincent 
Shinkle the $100,000 of stock held by the 
city in the Cincinnati and Covington 
bridge. 

Jan. 2— Northern Bank of Ky. declares 



1867. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



175 



a semi-annual dividend of 12 per cent., 
B:ink of Ky. 3, Farmers' Bank 6, and 
People's Bank and Bank of Louisville each 
4 per cent. 

Jan. 4 — Documents accompanying the 
governor's message show the total amount 
of money received by the Military Author- 
ities of Ky. from Jan. 1, 1861, to Jan. 1, 

1866 $4,095,314 

Amount disbursed during same 

time $3,331,077 

Amount refunded to 

banks (loans) 661,941 

Balances due by quar- 
termasters and oth- 
ers 81,051-^,074,069 

Amount on hand $21,245 

Outstanding claims against 

Military Department $100,491 

Balance due banks for loans $2,601,585 

Balance due Ky. by U. S. gov- 
ernment $2,438,347 

Jan. 7 — A special report by the auditor 
shows 187,870 "qualified voters" in the 
state. 

Jan. 8 — The final report to the legisla- 
ture of the Southern Bank of Ky., in wind- 
ing up, shows that the state has received 
upon her $600,000 of stock, $600,000 in 
gold and silver (which sold for $973,080 in 
legal tender notes), and two installments 
in currency of $120,000 and $18,750— in all 
$1,111,830 ; all this, in addition to hand- 
some annual dividends during the life of 
the bank, from 1850 to Jan. 1864— about 
13J^ years. 

Jan. 10— Geo. and Alfred Underwood, 
two notorious and desperate characters in 
eastern Ky., are pursued into West Vir- 
ginia, and arrested for horse-stealing, <tc. 
Jan. 10— The senate by 24 to 9, and the 
house by 67 to 27, passed a resolution — 
which Gov. Bramlette approved — rejecting 
the following amendment to the Constitu- 
tion of the United States : 

ARTICLE XIV. 
Sec. 1. All persons born or naturalized 
in the United States, and subject to the 
jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States and of the state wherein 
they reside. No state shall make or en- 
force any law which shall abridge the 
privileges or immunities of citizens of the 
United States ; nor shall any state deprive 
any person of life, liberty, or property, 
without due process of law, nor deny to 
any person within its jurisdiction the equal 
protection of the laws. 

Skc. 2. Representatives shall be appor- 
tioned among the several states according 
to their respective numbers, counting the 
whole number of persons in each state, 
excluding Indians not taxed. But when 
the right to vote at any election for the 
choice of electors for president and vice 
president of the United States, representa- 
tives in congress, the executive and judi- 
cial officers of a state, or the members of 
the legislature thereof, is denied to any of 
the male inhabitants of such stnte, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of 



the United States, or in anyway abridged, 
except for participation in rebellion or 
other crime, the basis of representation 
therein shall be reduced in the proportion 
which the number of such male citizens 
shall bear to the whole number of malo 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such 
state. 

Sec. 3. No person shall be a senator or 
representative in congress, or elector of 
president and vice president, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United 



States, or under 


my state, who, having 


previously taken 


in oath, as a member of 






States, or as a me 


mber of any state legis- 


lature, or as an ex 


cutive or judicial officer 



of any state, to support the constitution of 
the United States, shall have engaged in 
insurrection or rebellion against the same, 
or given aid or comfort to the enemies 
thereof. But congress may, by a vote of 
two-thirds of each house, remove such 
disability. 

Sec. 4. The validity of the public debt 
of the United States, authorized by law, 
including debts incurred for payment of 
pensions and bounties for services in sup- 
pressing insurrection or rebellion, shall 
not be questioned. But neither the United 
Stales nor any state shall assume or pay 
any debt or obligation incurred in aid of 
insurrection or rebellion against the United 
States, or any claim for the loss or eman- 
cipation of any slave ; but all such debts, 
obligations,and claims shall be held illegal 
and void. 

Sec 5. The congress shall have power to 
enforce, by appropri.ate legislation, the 



oft 






Jan. 12— Geo. D. Blakey, as one of the 
commissioners for affixing the valuation 
of enlisted slaves of Ky. loyal owners, 
denies, as "malignantly and slanderously 
false," the charge recently made by a Ky. 
member of congress, Samuel McKee, that 
"the compensation for eight out of ten 
enlisted slaves in Ky. would go into the 
pockets of rebels;" and adds that "he 
w\n pay all such, if the M. C. will examine 
the report of awards now on file in the 
war department at Washington city, and 
show that one or more awards are made to 
one or more rebels." 

Jan. 14 — An auditor's report shows, as 
paid out since Feb. 17, 1866, for red foxes 
$5,412, for grey foxes $2,516, for wildcats 
$388 >^, for wolves $20 K; total for "scalps" 

Jan.' 16— Judge Richard Hawes, of tho 
Bourbon county court, on habeas corpus, 
releases from apprenticeship and remands 
to their mother two minor colored chil- 
dren — declaring these and all other con- 
tracts of apprenticeship by the agents of 
the Freedmen's Bureau in Ky. null and 
void. The provisions of the law estab- 
lishing said Bureau are not applicable to 
Ky., but to those states only which have 
been in rebellion and where the ordinary 
process of law was suspended by armed 
force. Kentucky has not been in rebellion ; 



176 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



but throughout the war was a loyal state 
and as such fully represented in the U. S. 
congress ; and only during the temporary 
occupancy of the state by the Confederate 
forces in the fall of 1862, was the ordinary 
process of the law suspended. 

Jan. 2n— An Indianapolis, Indiana, firm 
challenges all Ky. to beat "33 hogs, all 
raised by one man, average weight 456 
pounds and highest weight 641 pounds." 
A Boyle county farmer responds with *'21 
head, age under 19 months, average weight 
463 pounds." Bourbon county responds 
liberally thus: 

ht 543 lbs. 



Sanford Talbott 35 hogs, 

JohiiTalbott 25 " 

E. G Bedford and 

Sam. H. Clay.".'."!.'.'!!!! 1 ", 3 yr. 



load under 1 



Jan. 23— Town of East Maysville an- 
nexed, by act of the legislature, to the city 
of Maysville. 

Jan. 24— The legislature, on Feb. 17, 
1860, directed the governor to procure four 
gold medals — one each for Jas. Artus, Dr. 
Wm. T. Taliaferro, Jno. Tucker, and Jno. 
Norris, all in 1813 residents of Mason Co., 
but Norris now a resident of Boone co., 
and Dr. Taliaferro of Cincinnati, Ohio— 
**as survivors of the Ky. volunteers who — • 
at the request of Commodore Perry — with 
such ready alacrity and heroism, repaired 
on board his fleet .and assisted in achiev- 
ing the glorious victory of Sept. 10, 1813, 
over the British fleet on Lake Erie." 
[The medals were promptly procured, but, 
in the excitement of the intervening times, 
overlooked, and are only now delivered.] 
March 9— A similar gold medal was di- 
rected to be made for Ezra Ynunglove, 
another surviving soldier who fought in 
the battle of Lake Erie— not known to 
the legislature to be living, when the 
medals were first ordered. 

Jan. 26— The city of Louisville, by a 
popular vote of 1,101 for and 698 against, 
subscribes $1,000,000 to complete the Leb- 
anon Extension railroad to Knoxville. 

Jan. 26 — Tho legislature passes an act 
to establish the county of Henrietta, out 
of that portion of Trigg county which lies 
between the Cumberland and Tennessee 
rivers and in addition a very small patch 
of M.arshall county, 1 mile each on its 
northern and western, and less than IJ^ 
miles each on its southern and eastern 
boundaries — purposely to include East and 
West Aurora, on the Tennessee river, one 
of which shall be the county-seat. But 
its establishment is dependent upon the 
approval of the voters in Trigg county at 
the next August election. [The majority 
voted ar/rnnst the new county, and it was 
not established.] 

Jan. 27— Death, at Frankfort, of ex- 
Judge Mason Brown, aged 67. 

Jan. 31 — A ten per cent, conventional 
interest bill passed the house by 50 to 36, 
but was lost in the senate by 16 to 18. 

Jan. 30— Garret Davis re-elected U. S. 
senator for si.t years from March 4, 1867. 



_ S"=^-; 



l^^^ 






Feb. 5 — A man named Trowbridge, 
charged with stealing, taken by a mob from 
the jail in Danville, Boyle co., and hung. 

Feb. 5 — Legislature establishes a court 
of common pleas in the 1st, 3d, and 14th 
judicial districts 7 — Directs how 



fori 






boring for petroleum and salt water, trans- 
porting coal, &c., shall be incorporated... 

Establishes a criminal court in the 

counties of Kenton, Campbell, Pendleton, 
Harrison, and Bracken 8— Estab- 
lishes the Jeflferson court of common pleas 

Appropriates $21,000 to the 'Western 

Lunatic asylum 11 — Requires county 

courts to provide tire-proof vaults or safes 
to preserve the public records Estab- 
lishes the county of Robertson (named 
after ex-chief justice Geo. Robertson) out 
of parts of the counties of Mason, Bracken, 
Harrison, and Nicholas, with the county 

seat at Mt. Olivet 18— Provides for 

an election of members of the 40th con- 
gress on May 4, 1867, instead of at the 

next August election 20,21 — Salaries 

of the quartermaster general and adju- 
tant general of the state each raised to 
S2,400, and $6,000 appropriated for clerks 
to assist the latter in preparing the 2d 
volume of his " Report of Ky. Ofiicers and 

Soldiers during the late War." 27— 

Governor's salary increased to $4,000 per 
annum 23— County of Josh Bell es- 
tablished (named after ex-congressman 
Joshua F. Bell), in the extreme south- 
eastern part of the state, (which includes 
Cumberland Gap,) and out of parts of 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY 



177 



Harlan and Knox counties— with county- 
seat at Pineville, on the Cumberland river. 

Importation and sale of Texas cattle 

between March 1 and Nov. 1 in each vear, 
prohibited. 

Feb. 10— Butterfield, Stacy & Co., of 
Cincinnati, purchase of Wm. L. Sudduth 
11,000 acres of land, on the Licking river, 
in Bath co. — valuable for coal, iron and 
timber: they will initiate a heavy lumber- 
ing business. 

Feb. 10 — A burr oak tree, cut on the 
farm of Meredith Anderson, near Oxford, 
Scott CO., measured 70 feet in length and 7 
feet in diameter ; the top made IS and the 
body 25 cords of wood, which sold on the 
ground for $5 per cord, or $215 in all. 

Feb. 13— In the senate, a proposition to 
remove the seat of government from Frank- 
fort to Lexington was voted down as 

also, to Danville, Bowlinggreen, and Lou- 
Tille, respectively ; and then the resolu- 
tion was laid upon the table. March 1— 
The house by 42 to 37 passed a bill submit- 
ting to a vote of the people, next August, 
the question of removing the seat of gov- 
ernment to Louisville— a defeat thereof 
to be regarded as instructions to make 
appropriations to rebuild or enlarge the 
capitol and public buildings at Frankfort. 
Next day, the speaker (Harrison Taylor) 
decided that the bill had not received the 
Constitutional majority [at least 61 votes]. 



peti- 



and whereas that one of said bodies of 
clergy and elders of which Rev. Rutherford 
Douglass is Moderator, and which claims 
to be a majority of the Presbyterian clergy 
and elders, and to represent a large major- 
ity of the Presbyterian churches and peo- 
ple of Ky., and to be, in fact and in right, 
the true Synod of Ky., has authorized the 
Board of Trustees of said coUe"-e I 
tion this General Assembly, and 
persons claiming to be said board have 
made petition for a change or modification 
ot the charter in order to promote the pros- 
perity of the college, and render more se- 
cure to the true Synod its control ; now 

Sec. 1. Be it enacted hy the General Ab- 
temhly of the Commonwealth of Ky., That 
if It shall be decided and settled by the 
civil courts that the body of cler.^v and 
elders of which said Douglass is Modera- 
tor, and which has approved the petition 
■ persons claiming to be the Board 



andthercf 

Feb. 13 — In the house of representa- 
tives was presented, by Henry D. Mc- 
Henry, a petition which set forth that the 
"following named persons, being duly 
elected by the Synod of Ky., constitute 
the Board of Trustees of the Centre Col- 
lege of Ky., viz.: Rev. Dr. Edward P 
Humphrey, Rev. Robert F. Caldwell, Gen. 
Jerry T. Boyle, Thos. Barbce, M'm. Ernst, 
Glass Marshall, Geo. Frank Lee, Judge T. 
T. Alexander, Rev. Robert L. Breck, L." 
L. Warren, Rev. Ezekiel Forman— (11)- 
Judge Wm. B. Kinkead, Rer. Miles Saun- 
ders, Rev. Thos. A. Bracken, Rev. Jas. V 
Logan, Dr. J. M. Meyer, J. G. Phillips, 
and Isaac C. Vanmetcr. That the Board 
of Trustees — Glass Marshall chairman 
and Rev. Jas. V. Logan secretary— met 
in Louisville Feb. 11th, 1867, in accord- 
ance with the instruction of the Synod of 
Ky. — petition the General Assembly of 
the Commonwealth of Ky., (as desired and 
recommended by the Synod, in session the 
same day, with Rev. Rutherford Douglass 
as Moderator, Rev. Robert Morrison as 
temporary clerk, and Rev. Thomas A. 
Bracken as stated clerk pro tern.,) for such 
change of the charter of the college as will 
better secure the interests of the Synod of 
Ky. in said college, and as is in substance 
set forth in the following proposed bill. 

Whereas, There now exist in Ky two 
distinct bodies of Presbyterian clergy and 
elders, each claiming to be the Synod of 
Ky., and to have the right to elect Trus- 
tees of the Centre College of Ky., and other 
and concerning said college ; | 

I. ..12 



Feb. 18, presented an 
■■ ' Board of 



rights 



f Trustees of the Centre College of Ky., 
i now the true Synod of Ky., and author- 
ized under the charter to appoint Trustees, 
d to make or approve such petition 
then the clause in the charter which de- 
scribes the Synodof Ky. as "in connec- 
tion with the General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America," is hereby repealed, and said 
Synod and its successors shall continue 
to exercise exclusively the power of elect- 
ing Trustees of the Centre College of Kv 
and all other rights over or concfrnin; the 
college granted in the charter, whether in 
connection with said General Assembly 

Trustees of Centre College, by Joh; 
Harlan, their counsel," "against any 
legislation as that asked for above, or any 
other legislation in regard to said college " 
They claim that there are 19 Trustees of 
whom " the right of 12 to act as Trustees is 
unquestioned by any one, they having been 
elected by the Synod of Ky. before any di- 
vision therein," viz.: the U first named 
above, and Jas. Barbour [whose name does 
appear in the list of Trustees in the offi- 
cial printed "Minutes of the Synod of Kv 
Oct. 1865," either as one ro-elected than" 
(when his term expired), or as one holding 
over.]^ "As to the 7 remaining Trustees, 
there is a dispute between the two rival 
synods— each body having, in 1866, elected 
/ to act in conjunction with the old Trustees. 
Ihosenoto in charge of Centre College rec- 
ognize the following new Trustees: Rev. 
John L. McKee, Rev. Dr. Wm. C. Mat- 
thews, Rev. Aaron A. Hogue, Rev. Sidney 
S. McRoberts, Rev. Richard Valentine, 
dec. W. Welsh, and D. J. Curry." They 
file sworn statements of each onewhom thev 
claim to he Trustees (except Glass Ma,-- 
shall, Geo. F. Lee, Rev. Robert L. Breck, 
and Rev. Ezekiel Forman); and the vari- 
ous legislative acts, amended acts, com- 
pacts or agreements, Ac, incorporatin.^ 

'"'' ----- liege; and a strong 

of their case, pro- 



sed argu 



178 



AXNALS OF KEXTUCKY. 



pared by two able lawyers — all wbich the 
house ordered to be printed, and which is 
accordingly laid before the members as 
"Legislative Document No. 15." 

The house committee on the judiciary, 
Feb. 18, reported the above bill to amend 
the charter of Center College, which had 
its first reading. Feb. 20, by 54 to 28, it 
was ordered to, and had, its second read- 
ing. A resolution to consider it in Com- 
mittee of the Whole, on Feb. 28, and hear 
the argument of counsel on the floor of the 
house, was laid on the table, by 53 to 24 ; 
the thii-d reading was dispensed with, and 
the bill engrossed. Feb. 21, and again, 
Feb. 28, the merits of the bill were dis- 
cussed ; the vote was taken, and the bill 
rejected, by yeas 37, nays 44. March 2, a 
motion to reconsider was laid on the table. 

Feb. 14— On motion of Joshua F. Bell, 
the house of representatives, by yeas 87, 
nays 1, resolved, •' that this assembly and 
the people of Ky. are unalterably opposed 
to negro suffrage, whether unlimited or 
special, general or qualified ; and they do 
most earnestly protest against the passage 
of any law by congress which has for its 
object the extension of such suffrage in 
any state or territory." 

Feb. 14, 17— Great freshets in the North 
Fork of Licking,in Benson creek in Frank- 
lin CO., and in other small streams; much 
damage. 

Feb. 17— The "regulators," at 1 a. m., 
break open the jail at Danville, and take 
out Ed. Carrier, to hang him, but finding 
him not the man they want, return him to 
the jail unharmed. After other outrages, 
they seek Thos. Carrier, at his home near 
Parksville, Boyle co., and hang him. 

Feb. 18— Brevet Maj. Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, 
assistant commissioner of the Freedmen's 
Bureau for Ky., formally notifies his agent 
at Paris, Henry C. Hastings, that "the 
decision of Judge Hawes, denying the 
legal existence of the Bureau in this state, 
is not regarded of any importance or bind- 
ing effect on the agent in Bourbon co. 
Had the proceedings before Judge Hawes 
resulted in taking the negro child away 
from Dudley Cummings, Gen. Davis would 
have used the XJ. S. troops to enforce hie 

Feb. 20— Hemp crop of 1856 turning out 
very fine and yield heavy, in some cases 
1,500 pounds of lint to the acre; price $10 
per 112 pounds. 

Feb. 21 — Gov. Bramlette, by special 
message, calls the attention of the legisla- 
ture to the outrages and murders commit- 
ted by lawless bands of men in Marion, 
Boyle, and adjoining counties, who set 
themselves upas "Regulators" and exe- 
cute "Lynch law;" and suggests that 
provis'ion be made for their arrest and 



lishn 



Feb. 22 — Democratic state convention at 
Frankfort. The first ballot for nominee 
for governor stood : John L. Helm 448, 
Richard H. Stanton 218, Geo. W. Crad- 
dock 120, Wm. F. Bullock 35, Col. Wm. C. 
P. Breckinridge 13. 



nbl;/ of 



Feb. 26— (Radical) Union state conven- 
tion at Frankfort. For nominee for gov- 
ernor, Col. Sidney M. Barnes 405, Col. R. 
Tarvin Baker 185. 

Feb. 28 — In accordance with the spirit 
of the governor's message and recom- 
mendation, the senate by a very large 
majority, and the house by 67 to 9, pass 
the following extraordinary amnesty bill, 
entitled "An act to quiet all disturbances 
growing out of the late rebellion " 

Be it enacted by the General As 
the Commonwealth of Kentucky : 

Sec. 1. That no officer, soldier, or sailor 
of the United States, or of the so-called 
Confederate States, and no person acting 
in conjunction or co-operating with any 
one of them, or with the authorities of 
either government, shall be held respon- 
sible, criminally or civilly, in the courts 
of this state, for any act done during the 
late rebellion by compulsion of, and under 
color of, military authority. 

Sec. 2. That, for the purposes of this 
act, the rebellion shall be deemed to have 
commenced on the 1st day of May, A. D. 
1861, and to have terminated on the 1st 
day of October, 1865. 

Sec. 3. That nothing in this act shall 
preclude the maintaining an action for the 
recovery of money or property illegally or 
wrongfully taken, though taken under 
color of military authority, where the 
money or property is in the hands of the 
person who took the same, or of one claim- 
ing under him, or has been disposed of for 
his own personal benefit. But no recov- 
ery shall be had beyond the money or 
property so taken, or its value. 

Sec. 4. That it is not intended by this 
act to declare that the rebellion was justi- 
fiable or proper, or that all acts done under 
color of the military authorities of the 
United States were right, but that for the 
purpose of giving tranquillity to the state, 
a general amnesty is given so far, that re- 
dress for wrongs done under color of au- 
thority of one or the other government 
shall not be given by the municipal courts 
of this state. 

Feb. 28— $150,000 appropriated for ad- 
ditional buildings at the Eastern Lunatic 
Asvlum. 

Feb. 28— The senate, by 28 to 3, passed 
a bill forbidding a man or a woman to 
marry his or her cousin ; not reached in 

Feb. 28 — Dr. John M. Johnson, for- 
merly a Ky. state senator from Paducab, 
but now residing in Georgia, petitions the 
legislature for an appropriation for the pur- 
pose of re-interring, in cemetery grounds 
at Atlanta, Georgia, already donated for 
the purpose, the Ky. Confederate dead who 
fell at Chickaraauga, Missionary Ridge, 
Dalton, Atlanta, Decatur, Jonesboro, and 
in East and Middle Tennessee ; about 300 
are already identified, and 200 unidenti- 
fied ; it will require about $20 each, or 
$10,000 : Maj. Gen. Geo. H. Thomas, mil- 
itary commandant, and the city of Atlanta. 



ing. 



-The 




^/ 



'^ \LllIIIHIH llllllHillilllllllHIII "'^ 



<^<S^^ '-N / 



JHO WERE NEVER JU OGE, OOVERNOR, OR U.S.SENATOR 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



j.>dic 
maki' 
8, if 



immittee reported a resolution 
appropriation; but, by 18 to 
J on the table. 
March 1 — Several cases (of persons 
charged with crime or other violations of 
state laws) which were removed to the 
U. S. district court, dismissed recently, or 
verdict of not guilty — because no witnesses 
present or no prosecution. 

March 1— Col. Robert M. Kelly, U. S. 
revenue collector for the 17th district of 
Ky. (which includes Bourbon and other 
counties) reports b39fiS6}4 gallons of 
whisky made in that district, between 
Feb. 1, 1866, and Feb. 25, 1867, and the 
tax of $2 per gallon thereon $1,079,972. 

March 1 — In the senate, a bill appro 
priating $200,000 to enlarge the presen 
Capitol, and provide apartments for public 
officers, was defeated by yeas 18, nays 17 
Next day, it was reconsidered, and agair 
defeated, yeas 18, nays 18. [The Consti- 
tution requires at least 21 votes in favor 
of any bill appropriating money.] 

March 2 — Taxation for sinking fund 
purposes reduced, by act of the legislature, 

five cents on the $100 Monuments 

ordered over the graves, in the Frankfort 
cemetery, of the late governors Johi 
Crittenden, Robert P. Letcher, and "^ 
Owsley— to cost not over $1,500 each... 
6 — Governor authorized to borrow $350,000 
from sinking fund commissioners or banks, 
if necessary to meet appropriations made 

at this session School law amended; 

forbids a common school commissioner from 

being a teacher in any common school 

7 — Representation in the senate and house 
of representatives apportioned for the 
whole state; gives to the city of Louis- 
ville, by wards, 8 representatives and 2 
senators, and to the city of Covington 2 

representatives 235 copies ordered to 

be purchased of Adj. Gen. Daniel W. 
Lindsey's Report for 1861-66, known as 
the "History of Kentucky Soldiers during 
the late War;" at same price as state 
printing and binding costs, with 10 per 

cent, added 8 — Income on U. S. 

bonds to be taxed 5 per cent, on gross 

"mount 9— $109,027 appropriated to 

build additions to the penitentiary 

Additional capitation-tax of $2 on each 
colored male over 18 years levied, to be 
applied (together with alt other taxes paid 
by colored people) exclusively to the sup- 
port of colored paupers and education of 
colored children, in the county where paid. 
Turnpike road companies author- 
ized to charge stone quarries toll for the 
distance used, whether passing through a 

toll-gate or not Law of 1865, raising 

rates of fare and freight on the Ky. Cen- 
tral, Louisville and Lexington, and Louis- 
ville and Nashville railroads, repealed. 

Governor authorized to offer $500 

reward for the apprehension of each person 
engaged in organized mobs or unlawful 
assemblage [Lynch law or "regulators."] 

Law of rape modified Fine, 

not over $50, for enticing laborer away 
from employer Rent of penitentiary 



fixed at $16,000 



; to be 1 



lid u 



per year 



pon any 



maturity, for state is ready and desirous to 

pay Common carriers must keep 

tariflF of freights posted Sureties of 

Thos. S. Page to be released upon pay- 
ment of one half of $88,000, interest and 

March 4 — Per diem and mileage of mem- 
bers and officers of this legislature directed, 
by resolution, to be paid in gold. The 
houseoriginated and adopted the resolution 
Jan. 31, by yeas 46, nays 37. The senate, 
Feb. 8, by 16 to 12, laid it upon the table; 
Feb. 14, reconsidered, and then by 14 to 
16 rejected it ; Feb. 18, again reconsid- 
ered, and by 17 to 13 passed it. An efi'ort 
was made in the senate to repeal it, but 
failed. 

March 5 — The Louisville Journal places 
the nominees of the Democratic state con- 
vention at the head of its columns, and 
advocates their election. 

March 8— The court of appeals decides 
the Bounty Fund acts, authorizing the 
levying of taxes to pay bounties to volun- 
teers entering the U. S. military service, 
unconstitutional. 

March 8— By resolution, the legislature 
requested Ky. senators and representatives 
in congress to procure, if possible, a grant 
or donation of the Harrodsburg S))rings or 
Asylum grounds to the Grand Lodge of 
the Independent order of Odd Fellows of 
Ky. — to establish thereon a home for the 
widows and orphans of the Order, .Tnd a 
college or university. 

March 8 — The senate, by 12 to 9, passes 
a resolution providing for the exchange of 
the present Executive mansion for another 
for the use of the governor ; but it was not 
reached in the house. 

March 9— The legislature cedes to the 
United States the jurisdiction over the na- 
tional cemeteries at Perryville, Boyle co., 
on,Laurelco.,4 acres at CampNelson, 
Jessamine co., and 2 acres each at Leb- 
non, Marion co., and at Mill Springs, 
ear Logan's Cross Roads, Pulaski co.; 
nd makes stringent laws to prevent injury 



ulphu 



sho 



lower of pollen resembling flowers of 
ilphur in appearance — falls near Bow- 
nggreen, during a severe rain storm, ac- 
impaniedwith thunder and lightning.] 
March 18— The great suit of Breckin- 
dge's Administrators and Heirs against 
ee's Executors and others — which has 

been pending since 1803 in the various 
ts, now 64 years— finally decided in 
30urt of appeals, (substantially in favor 

of the plaintiffs.) The most remarkable 
en of Ky. for three generations, have 

been connected with this case— either as 

contestants, lawyers, judges, or witnesses, 



John Breckinridge, 

George NicholaB, 

ry Clay, 



Thomas Dye ( 
James Morrisi 
Alfred Wm. Gi 
Robert Wickli 



R. Underwood. 



180 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1807 



Bev. Robert J. Breckin- Samnel S. Nicholas, 

ridae, I). D., Richard Hawes. 

Jos.Cabell Breckinridge Richard H.Chinn, 
Jesse Bledsoe, Aaron K. Woolley, 

Thomas 5[. Mickey, Richard A.Buckner, jr. 
■\Vniiam 0. Goodloe. George B. Kinkead, 
Madison C. Johnson, A\ illiam Preston, 
John C. Breckinridge, James 0. Harrison, 
Frank K. Hunt, Robert W. Woolley. 

James B. Beck, 



The present appellate 
others who are or have 1 
in Ky. Few states h 
names, Ky. none more 



court, and many 
^een distinguished 
ave as illustrious 
so. Out of this 



controversy between Robert Wickl 

and Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge— 

that war of giants. 

March 24— Remarkable and extensive 
caving in of the banks of the Ky. river, 
in and near Frankfort. 

April 4 — The Paris True Kenluckian 
publishes a list of names of a portion of 
the Harrison co. citizens upon whom Col. 
Leonidas Metcalfe levied a military assess- 
ment or forced loan, in 1862: Wm. M. 
Davis $275, Thos. M. Dills $125, Thos. 
English $125, Thos. T. Garnett $800, 
Abram Kellar $1,000, M. D. Martin $450, 
■Wm. McMurtrv $225, G. Remington $525, 
Martin Smith $300, Milton Smith. $200, 
Jas. I. Victor $600, Wm. T. Wiglesworth 
$300. Rhodes AViglcsworth $300. Col. M. 
subsequently compromised with some of 
them, by disgorging a part of bis ill-gotten 
gains. 

April 11 — Union Democratic (or con- 
servative Union) stale convention, in ses- 
sion at Louisville. Aaron Harding nomi- 
nated for governor, and Judge ATm. B. 
Kinkead for lieutenant governor. 

April 27— Duel, on an island in South 
Licking river, at Townsend bridge, on the 
line between Bourbon and Harrison coun- 
ties, between Isaac Hanson, who chal- 
lenged, and Noah Alexander, both of 
Paris, Bourbon co. Hanson received three 
shots, two through his clothes, and a slight 
flesh wound in his right hip; Alexander 
received one shot through his clothes. 
May 1 — The parties met in a store in 
Paris, and Alexander shot Hanson in the 
right foot, a severe wound. 

April 29 — A fire at Crittenden, Grant 
CO., destroys the ^Masonic hall, and several 
stores and other buildings. 

May 4 — Regular election for justices of 
the peace and constables, and special elec- 
tion for members of congress. The result 
of the latter was: 1st district. LawrenceS. 
Trimble, Democrat, 9,787, G. G. Symmes, 
Union, 1,780. 2d. John Young Brown, 
Dem., 8,922, Burwell C. Kitter, Union- 
Dera., 1,155, Sam'l E. Smith, Un., 2,816. 
3d. Elijah Hise, Dem., 7,740, Geo. D. 
Blakey.Un., 1,201. 4th. J. Proctor Knott, 
Dem,, 8,199, Wm. J. Heady, Un. Dem., 
508, M. C. Taylor, Un., 2,277. 5th. Asa 
P. Grover, Dem., 7,118, Richard T. Jacob, 
Un. Dem., 2,417, W. A. Bullitt, Un., 742. 
Cth. Thos. L. Jones, Dem., 9,488, Wm. S. 
Rankin, Un., 3,839. 7th. Jas. B. Beck, 
Dem., 9,716, Chas. S. Hanson. Un. Dem., 
1,338, Wm. Brown, Un., 1.664. 8th. Geo. 



M. Adams, Dem., 7,690, M. J. Rice, Un., 
7,175. 9th. John D. Young, Dem., 9,042, 
Thos. M. Green, Un. Dem.. 862, Samuel 
McKee, Un., 7,563. [The " Union Demo- 
crats" were conservative Union men, and 
"Union" men those since called Republic- 
ans.] Aug. 5— Jacob S. Golladay, Dem., 
elected to fill the vacancy occasioned by 
the death of Judge Elijah "Hise— receiving 
6,619, J, R. Curd, Un. Dem., 1,175, and 
W. T. Jackman, Un., 850 votes. 

May 8 — Suicide of ex-Jndge Elijah 
Hise, in Russellville, Logan co. A note 
upon his table showed that, on April 21st, 
two weeks before his election to congress, 
he had determined to die by his own hand. 
Bodily infirmity from diabetes, and a con- 
viction that he could do little or nothing, 
even if admitted to his seat in congress, 
towards restoring constitutional govern- 
ment to his suffering country, preyed 
sorely upon his usually desponding mind. 
He lashed together two Sinch rifled pis- 
tols, and standing before a large mirror. 



discharged both s 
immediately ove; 
the top of his he 
May 10— Miss 
Fulton CO., 8 mile 
tinned for 12 yc! 
from which it is 



the eye-brows, blowing 
td completely off. 



Mn . 



sy, liv 



, has con- 
past in a deep sleep, 
possible to arouse her. 
She awakes, with remarkable regularity, 
twice in 24 hours, receives nourishment, 
(mush, gruel, ite.), and converses, with 
some intelligence, for 5, 10, or 15 minutes; 
then gradually drops off to sleep. She 
never complains of bodily pain, but when 
awake is often drowsy and gaping, and 
makes persistent efforts to cleanse her 
throat. When asleep, she is at times very 
nervous, her hands are clenched tightly as 
if enduring severe pain, and she appears to 
suffer considerably by the violent twiteh- 
ings and jerkings of her muscles and 
limbs. 

May 10— During the month of April, 
197,833 gallons of whisky were made in the 
6th (Covington) district, on which the U. S. 
government tax is $395,666. 

May 13— Discharge of Jefferson Davis, 
late C. S. president, from imprisonment in 
Fortress Monroe, on bail to appear, on 
Nov. 26, 1867, for trial at the U. S. circuit 
court in Richmond, Va. Horace Greeley 
and Augustus Schell, of N. Y., and 14 
others, become security on his bail bond. 

May 15 — Liberal subscriptions, all over 
the state, for the relief of the destitutions 
in the South. 

June 3 — John Devine shot, and then 
hung, by " regulators," at the house of 
Wm. Carey, 6 miles from Harrodsburg, 
Mercer co. 

June 10— Death, in Alabama, of Maj. 
Theodore O'Hara, formerly of Frankfort, 
Ky.; he was editor of the Democratic Rally 
in 1844, of the Louisville Times in 1852, 

writer he was polished, keen and ready ; 
he served with conspicuous bravery in four 
wars, the Mexican war in 1S47, under 
Walker in Nicaragua, with Lopez in the 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



181 



Cuba 



the i-f 



nd in the Confederate 



July 2— On the business of the last 6 
months, the Bank of Ky. and Bank of 
Louisville each declare 4, the People's 
Bank 5, and the Louisville Gas Co. 6 per 
cent, dividend. 

July 3 — Death, at Henderson, from apo- 
plexy, of ex-Gov. Lazarus W. Powell, 
aged 54. 

July 3 — In the U. S. house of represen- 
tatives, when Lawrence S. Trimble, Thos. 
L. Jones, John D. Young, and Jas. B. 
Beck went forward to the clerk's desk to 
be qualified as members, they were inter- 
rupted by a protest from Samuel McKee, 
who is contesting Mr. Young's seat. A 
motion was then made by John A. Logan, 
and carried, referring to the committee on 
elections — to report upon whether at the 
election loyal voters were not overawed by 
rebel sympathizers and ex-rebel soldiers, 
and deprived of voting ; and, also, as to 
the "loyalty" of said members. 

July 12— Death, at Houston, Texas, of 
Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge, jr., for most 
of his life a resident of Louisville. At the 
close of the recent war, he was serving on 
Gen. Robert E. Lee's staff as chief medi- 
cal director of the army of the Potomac ; 
he was a man of brilliant talents and of 
fine social qualities. 

July 18 — Miij. James H. Bridgewater, 
while in the office of a hotel at Stanford, 
Lincoln co., attacked by 5 men, who en- 
tered the room and fired, killing him in- 
stantly; he had threatened the lives of 
several of them, had hunted for one to kill 
him, had sworn he would ••eiit the heart" 
of another, and made bloody threats about 
the others. They were promptly acquitted 
by an examining court. 

July — 200 houses being erected in 
Paris, and 60 in Lexington. 

July 26 — Death, at Frankfort, of Or- 
lando Brown, aged 55, one of the most 
elegant and scholarly gentlemen of the 
state ; for many years editor of the Frank- 
fort Commonweallh, secreta,ry of state under 
Gov. Crittenden for a short time, and com- 
missioner of Indian affairs under President 
Taylor. 

July —The Ky. General Association 
of Baptists, through a committee of min- 
isters—Revs. Geo. Hunt, J. S. Coleman, 
D.D., W. Pope Yeaman, Geo. C. Lorimer, 
and R. M. Dudley— issues " To the People 
of Kentucky" an earnest protest against 
the action of the legislature " in giving 
up the Agricultural and Mechanical Col- 
lege, under a few trifling restrictions, to 
the management and control of the Camp- 
bellites — thereby making what was de- 
signed to be a benefit to all, a benefit to 
one sect;" because "tending to the union 
of church and state," &c.; because "mak- 
ing a state institution a sectarian one," 
&c.; because "embracing and caressing 
one sect more than another, and lavishing 
upon it the patronage and prestige of the 
state, as not only an act of the grossest 
injustice in itself, but tending to breed 



wide-spread distrust and discontent." It 
appeals to the people to instruct their leg- 
islators to repeal the act above referred to. 
Sept. 10 — Elkhorn Association — through 
a committee of ministers, Revs. W. T. 
Hearne, Squire L. Helm, D. D., George 
Varden, and J. E. Farnam — makes a sim- 
ilar protest and appeal. 

Aug. 1 — Corner-atone laid of an immense 
iron railroad bridge, over the Ohio river at 
the Falls at Louisville; its entire length, 
including graded approaches, 7,750 feet; 
length of the bridge proper, 5,220 feet, 
only 60 feet less than one mile ; elevation 
52 feet above the highest stage of water 
ever known at that point; the superstruc- 
ture will be Fink's patent suspension truss, 
laid on 25 piers and 2 abutments. 

Aug. 2 — Grand tournament at Shaw's 
meadow, near Paris ; 9 tilts, witnessed by 
a large concourse. Ang. 16 — Another 
tournament near Paris; 10 tilts. 

Aug. 3 — Nathan Lawson, aged about 
70, hung by "regulators," near Cornish- 
viUe, Mercer co. 

Aug. 5 — Election for state officers: For 
governor, John L. Helm, Democrat, 90,- 
225, Wm. B. Kinkead, Union Democrat, 
13,167, Col. Sidney M. Barnes, Un. 33,939. 
Helm over Barnes 66,286, over Kinkead 
77,058. Lieutenant governor, John W. 
Stevenson elected, over Harrison Taylor 
and R. Tarvin Baker. Attorney general, 
John Rodman elected, over Gen. John M. 
Harlan and Col. Jno. Mason Brown. Au- 
ditor, Col. D. Howard Smith elected, over 
Col. J. Smith Hurtt and Col. Silas Ad.ams. 
Treasurer, James W. Tate elected, over 
Alfred Allen and Cnpt. M. J. Roark. Reg- 
ister of the Land ofiice, Jas. A. Dawson 
elected, over Col. J. J. Craddock and Capt. 
Jas. M. Fiddler. Superintendent of public 
instruction, Zach. F. Smith elected, over 
Capt. Ben. M. Harney and Rev. Daniel 
Stevenson. [The successful candidates 
were nominees of the Democratic party ; 
those named second, of the " Union Dem- 
ocratic" or Conservative Union party ; and 
those last named, of the "Union" or Re- 
publican party.] The legislature stands: 
Democrats in senate 28, house 85 ; Union 
Democrats in senate 3, house 5 ; and Union 
or Republican, in senate 7, house 10. 

Aug. 8, 12 — Sever.al cases of rape by 
negroes upon white women and girls, in 
Fayette, Bracken, and other counties. 

Aug. 10 — Two negroes hung by the 
"regulators,'* near Mackville, Washing- 
ton CO. 

Aug. 15 — Upon opening the coffin of one 
of the Federal soldiers disinterred at 
Glasgow, Barren co., for removal to a na- 
tional cemetery, it was evident that he had 
been prematurely buried. The pillow was 
lying upon his jsreas't, and the distortion 
in body and members showed that he had 
revived after burial, and struggled terribly 
for release. 

Aug. 25— Jos. Sutherland, confined in 
jail at Harrodsburg, Mercer co., on a 
charge of rape on a little girl of 11 or 12 
years, taken from the jail at 1 A. 3i., to a 



188 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



point 4 miles west, on the Mackville road, 
first shot, and then hung, by "regulators." 

Aug. 26 — Lealie Hicks hung by "regu- 
lators," 3)4 miles south of Danville, 
Boyle CO. 

Aug. 30— $1,108,000 of Ky. state bonds, 
and over $700,000 of coupons, (redeemed 
and canceled under the law of last winter,) 
burned at Frankfort. 

Sept. 1 — 17 points selected in Ky. as 
"money-order post oflBces." 

Sept. 3 — John L. Helm inaugurated 
governor, while lying in bed and danger- 
ously ill, at his home at Elizabethtown, 
Hardin co. Sept. 8— Death of Gov. Helm ; 
and, Sept. 13, inauguration of lieutenant 
governor John W. Stevenson as governor. 
He appoints Col. Frank Wolford adjutant 
general, and JIaj. Fayette Hewitt quarter- 
master general. Wm. T. Samuels resigns 
the auditorship, to become assistant secre- 
tary of state ; and the auditor elect, D. 
Howard Smith, is appointed auditor to fill 
the vacancy until Jan. 1868. 

Sept. 8— The deputy sherifi' of Boyle eo. 
and 3 others arrested by the military, 
upon a charge of being "regulators," are 
released by Gen. George H. Thomas upon 
bail to answer any indictment found 
ag.ainst them by the Federal grand jury. 

Sept. 14 — Grand tournament given by 
the Confederate Monumental society, at 
the fair grounds, near Cynthiana. 

Sept. 15— L. L. Penny, of Boyle co., 
sells his thoroughbred Berkshire boar Bob 
Lee for $150; he is 14 J^ months old, and 
weighs 425 pounds. 

Sept. — Gov. Stevenson issues a proc- 
lamation warning the "band of Regula- 
tors — who have attempted, regardless of 
all laws, to inflict punishment upon various 
citizens, for real or supposed offenses" — 
that the Executive cannot tolerate any 
such association of men, but will see that 
they are brought to condign punishment." 

Oct. 11 — Challenge to duel between 
Green Clay Goodloe and Geo. C. Brand. 
They meet for the purpose in Indiana, op- 
posite the mouth of Ky. river; but by the 
exertion of their seconds, Capt. Lawrence 
and Elisha Warfield, the difficulty is hon- 
orably adjusted. 

Oct. 11 — Gov. Stevenson authorizes ad- 
jutant general Frank Wolford to raise 3 
volunteer companies in Boyle, Marion and 
Casey counties, to sustain the laws and 
protect the people against the outrages 
and murders of the "regulators." 

Oct. 16 — A sub-committee on elections, 
from the lower house of congress at Wash- 
ington city— Glenni W. Schofield of Pa., 
Michael C. Kerr of Ind., and Burton C. 
Cook, of 111. — sent to Lexington and Lou- 
isville, " to take testimony in regard to 
the loyalty of Ky. congressmen." 

Nov. 5 — Freedmen's Bureau agents re- 
buked by the U. S. authorities at Louis- 
ville, for the abuse of power shown, fre- 
quently, in arresting citizens by the mili- 
tary, and dragging them ofi' to the U. S. 
court at Louisville for trivial and petty 
offenses. 



Not. 16 — Paris, Bonrbon co., lighted 
with gas. 

Nov. 22— Gen. Jas. S. Brisbin publishes, 
in the Cincinnati Commercial, a letter 
abusing Kentucky and Kentuckians, and 
glorifying himself. In again defending 
Gen. Burbridge, he mentions several of 
"the men who had influence at headquar- 
ters" — adjutant general J. Bates Dickson, 
brigadier general James S. Brisbin, and 
Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge. The 
latter, he says, "was, throughout his ad- 
ministration, Burbridge's adviser andfriend; 
he was frequently summoned to headquar- 
ters, and Burbridge often went miles to 
consult with the wise old Doctor. I was 
present at several of these interviews, and 
know that Gen. Burbridge regarded Rob- 
ert J. Breckinridge as the wisest and ablest 
man in Ky. He was not alone in his high 
opinion of the venerable Doctor's wisdom 
in military as well as civil matters ; for 
while in command in this part of Ky., I 
relied upon the advice and counsel of the 
Doctor more than any other man. And 
except, perhaps, Ben. Wade, I would to- 
day rather follow his advice than any 
man living." 

Nov. 22— Col. Oscar H. Burbridge, in a 
personal altercation on the street in Cov- 
ington, shoots with a pistol Maj. A. J. 
Morey, editor of the Cynthiana iVVios— the 
ball passing through his right arm and 
into his side, inflicting a dangerous wound, 
and paralyzing his arm so that the pistol, 
which he was trying to use, fell from his 
hands. Burbridge had first struck Morey 
with his cane, and Morey was trying to 
get his pistol from his pocket, when Bur- 
bridge shot. Violent language had passed 
between them, in consequence of Burljridge 
demanding the author of, and threatening 
to hold Morey responsible for, a very bitter 
and abusive article in the News of the day 
before about Col. B.'s brother. Gen. Stephen 
G. Burbridge. The recent attempted vin- 
dication by the two generals was the oc- 
casion of the News' article — of which the 
following is one of the mildest passages : 

"Does not the ghost of Walter Ferguson 
haunt Mr. Burbridge? Can he forget the 
appeals the ladies of Lexington made to 
him in behalf of this youth, and how he 
spurned them from his presence, and 
doomed him to an infamous death? Can 
he have forgotten so early how he sent 
young Jameson and Reese, of Harrison 
CO., to eternity for no other cause than 
that they were rebel soldiers? Has the 
death of Thorn t. Lafferty passed out of his 
mind? And many others we could men- 
tion. If he has, let him be assured the 
people have not filled their places yet; 
and that their homes are desolate and 
dreary to-day on account of their absence, 
and that their memory is fresh and green 
in the hearts of the people of Ky." 

Nov. 28 — The Louisville Journal closes 
its 37th year. The veteran editor, Geo. 

sary in an article of singular beauty and 
power. 



1S67. 



ANXALS OF KENTUCKY. 



183 



Nov. 29 — Court of appeals, in Watson 
et al. vs. Avery et a/., reverses the decision 
of the Louisville chancery court, and de- 
cides that the election of Messrs. Avery, 
McNaughton and Leech as ruling elders 
of the Walnut street Presbyterian church 
■was null and void ; that, although their 
election was ratified by the Presbyteri.in 
General Assembly last May, in St. Louis, 
yet— inasmuch as that ratification "was 
not made on an appeal, or in the exercise 
of its revisory or corrective jurisdiction in 
any of the modes prescribed by the con- 
stitution, but in the exercise of original 
jurisdiction" (which by the constitution 
of the church did not belong to the Gen- 
eral Assembly) — said election was not 
thereby rendered valid. The opinion was 
delivered by Judge M. R. Hardin, and is 
one of great ability. 

Nov. —Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge 
publishes a letter addressed to Gen. Jas. 
S. Brisbin, in which he asks him to dis- 
prove the following charges: 

"1. That I issued an order stopping the 
shipment of pork (better known as the 
famous hog order), and thereby did the 
Ky. farmers great injustice. 

"2. That I abused, banished, impris- 
oned, and punished innocent persons, in 
violation of the laws of war. 

"3. That I executed, without trial, guer- 
rillas, rebel soldiers, and citizens. 

"4. That I conspired with agents and 
contractors of the government to make 
large sums of money for myself. 
_ "5. That I made illegal assessments upon 
citizens and took away private property, 
which I appropriated to my own use and 
bestowed upon my friends." 

Gen. Brisbin replies specifically and at 
great length, and publishes certain official 
documents, tending to prove that his "hog 
orders" were issued at the instance of U. S. 
commissary officers against his judgment 
and eflSorts. Of the correspondence, the 
Paris True Kentuckian says : 

"We think Gen. Burbridge has mistaken 
his true line of defense. 1st. To disprove 
the accusations against him, he has called 
upon one who has been so violent in his 
course and so intemperate in his Innguno-e, 
as to render his defense of less weight than 
if it had proceeded from some source less 
obnoxious to our people. Moreover, Gen. 
Brisbin was on Gen. Burbridge's staff, and 
identified with his adm'inis- 



admission, it seems to us Gen. Burbridge 
recognijes and assumes the full responsi- 
bility of all his acts. 

"3d. In our opinion, Gen. Burbridge's 
most effective defense would have been to 
disclose the names of those who pretended 

to be his friends — who were his advisers 

and some of whom, it is charged, now 
revel upon the 'blood-money' extorted 
during that dark reign of terror and blood- 
shed. Who was that 'power behind the 
throne greater than the throne itself?' 
Who was it who sought to use Burbridge 
as a mere instrument to satiate their own 
cravings for human blood? Let those 
who were guilty be unmasked. And if 
this is done, our people are magnanimous, 
and will visit with their indignation those 
who were renll;/ the guilty, and not the 
mere instruments in their hands." 

Dec. 1— Death, in Woodford co., of Rob- 
ert Aitcheson Alexander. He was prob- 
ably the third wealthiest man in the state. 
He is believed to have contributed more 
than any man in America to the improve- 
ment of blooded stock. Few men have 
left behind the imprints of so useful a life, 
in more than one department of agricul- 



Dec. - 
Dec. 2- 



of Col. R. B. J. 



Twy- 



trati 



vhile 



ofthii 



military departn 

anxious to present the actions of his supe 

rior officer in as favorable a light as pos 

"2d. Gen. Burbridge— in declaring 'tha 
he had never, in a single instance, failei 
to act on your [Brisbin's] recommcnda 
tion, even to the turning out of a rebel, o 
the setting aside of a death sentence'— ac 
knowledges that the issues of life nnc 
death were in his hands; and that, if h< 
[Burbridge] had so willed it, the numerou! 
military executions during his administra- 
tion might have been prevented. By thi; 



he superintendent of public 
instruction, Zach. F. Smith, in an able 
special report, recommends "an additional 
tax of 15 cents on the $100, necessary as 
the basis of an effective and vigorous sys- 
tem, that will guarantee a free school for 
five months in each year, in every dis- 
trict—the shortest time for which tuition 
should be given, to educate the masses for 
good practical results." 

2— Legislature in session. John 
T. Bunch, of Louisville, elected speaker 
of the house, receiving 80 votes, Richard 
J. Browne 2 ; Micah T. Chrisman, of Boyle 
CO., and Thos. S. Pettit, of Daviess co., 
unanimously elected clerk and assistant 
clerk respectively, Wm. N. Robb sergeant- 
at-arms, and John A. Crittenden door- 
keeper. 

Dec. 3— In the senate, Wm. Johnson, 
of Nelson, elected speaker without oppo- 
sition, receiving 26 votes— the scat of the 
presiding officer of the senate having been 
vacated by the accession of the lieutenant 
governor, John W. Stevenson, to the gub- 
ernatorial chair; Dr. J. Russell Haw- 
kins was elected clerk, J. A. Munday as- 
sistant clerk, Howard Todd sergeant-at- 
arms, and Wm. P. Duvall door-keeper. 

Dec. 3 — Gov. John W. Stevenson, in 
his annual message, details his efforts to 
preserve order and put down the "regula- 
tors" in Boyle, Mercer, Lincoln, Marion, 
and some adjoining counties, and adds: 
"These disturbances originated from pri- 
vate feuds, or sprung from an impression 
in the minds of the 'regulators' that the 
laws were not sufficiently enforced ; they 
do not owe their origin to any difference 
in political sentiment, and are wholly un- 
connected with antagonisms springinf out 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



1867. 



of the late civil war." He calls attention 
to the fact that of the nine Ky. representa- 
tives in congress, only Geo. M. Adams has 
been atlmitte.l to his seat. " Kentucky, 
entitled under the constitution to nine rep- 
resentatives, has at this moment but one /" 

Dec. 4 — The report of quartermaster 
general Fayette Hewitt shows that the 
V. S. government has refunded, during 
the past year, $399,224, and still owes Ky. 
$1,468,937 for expenditures arising out of 
the late civil war. There are now in the 
state arsenal, 8 pieces of artillery, and 
18,077 stand of small arms, of which 9,377 
are cavalry guns. 

Deo. 7— Death, near Cornishville, Mer- 
cer CO., of Mr. Ould, aged 103 years. 

Dec. 11 — In the house of representa- 
tives, John W. Leathers, of Kenton Co., 
offers a resolution to appoint a joint com- 
mittee (of 2 from the senate and 3 from the 
house) to ascertain and report the names 
of all citizens of Ky. who have been— 1st, 
" Put to death, not in battle, by order of 
any military commander;" or, 2d, "Ar- 
rested or imprisoned by order of any such 
commander;" or, 3d, " Expelled from the 
state." And John J. AUnut, of Louis- 
ville, offers the following : 

" Whereas, It has come to the knowledge 
of the general assembly, through the pub- 
lic press, that Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge, 
while commandant of the department of 
Ky., is publicly charged with causing 
many persons — citizens of Ky. and other 
states — to be murdered under color of mil- 
itary authority, and was, while such com- 
mandant, guilty of many other atrocities 
in the state of Ky.; which acts, it is under- 
stood through the public press, the said 
Burbridge denies. Now, that the country 
may be fully informed of the verity or 
falsehood of said publications, and that 
the said Burbridge may have a full and 
fair investigation of his acts and conduct 
while such commandant ; Be it resolved, 
that a committee of investigation, com- 
posed of 3 representatives and 2 senators, 
be appointed to take and hear proof, and 
report to the general assembly the result 
of their investigation — first giving notice 
to said Burbridge of the times and places 
of their meeting for investigation; and 
with power to send for persons and pa- 
pers." [Subsequently referred to the com- 
mittee on Federal Relations, where they 
slept the sleep that, in a legislative body, 
knows no waking.] 

Dec. 17 to Jan. 10, 1868 — Admiral Ra- 
phael Semmes, of the late Confederate 
States navy and commander of the war- 
steamer Alabama, lectures on the " Cruise 
of the Alabama," in nearly all the impor- 
tant towns in Ky. — for the benefit of the 
Confederate Monumental Society. At a 
Christmas dinner to him at ex-Gov. Beriah 
MagoflBn's, at Harrodsburg, with a large 
company of prominent ex-Federals and 
ex-Confederates, " hobnobbing together, 
and forgetting their animosities," Gov. 
Magoffin's toast was : " The fame of Amer- 
ican soldiers and sailors, whether rebel or 



federal, is the common heritage of our 
people. Ancl here is the health of my dis- 
tinguished guest. Admiral Semmes.'' 

Dec. 19— Letter from Lieut. Gen. Wm. 
T. Sherman to Gen. Burbridge: 

Washington Citt, Dec. 19, 1867. 
Gen. Stephen G. Burbridge, Lexington, Ky.: 

Dear General : I now have the pleasure 
to enclose you a copy of the letter I ad- 
dressed to you June 21, 1864, when you 
were commanding in Ky., subject to my 
orders. [See extract from it, on page 135 
ante.'] The instructions contained in that 
letter were commands to you, binding on 
you under the Articles of War, and for 
which you were no more responsible than 
for the execution of any other order. / 
alone am responsible; and I have no fear 
but my orders were right and appropriate. 
I hear the people of Ky. blame you for 
your acts under my orders. If so, they are 
foolish, forsomeof them were thankful that 

you were too lenient." [Here follows 

a neat compliment upon Gen. B.'s services.] 
Very truly, your friend, 

W. T. SHERMAN. 

Dec. 19— The Danville Advocate puts on 
record the following : 

"We remember that on a dark night, in 
the early part of Nov., 1864, the steamboat 
Allen Collier was stopped at the Maysville 
wharf, and a lieutenant with a squad of 
U. S. soldiers left the boat with an order 
from Gen. Burbridge for the arrest of Maj. 
Jas. J. Ross, editor of the Maysville Bul- 
letin. Diligent search was made for him ; 
but fortunately he had some intimation of 
what was intended, and was not found. 
We were less fortunate. On that same 
night we were a jirisoner on board that 
boat, securely guarded. Our paper had 
been suppressed, we had been arrested at 
our home, taken without any charges pre- 
ferred, and a decree of banishment issued 
without any trial. We presume our offense 
was that we were the editor of the Dan- 
ville Tribune— one of the half-dozen Dem- 
ocratic papers in Ky., at that time, that 
adhered to constitutional principles, and 
did not worship at the shrine of King 
Burbridge. We have reason to know that 
it was the purpose of the Lexington 'clique' 
(who operated through Burbridge) to crush 
out the opposition to Radicalism in the 
state by suppressing the Conservative pa- 
pers and banishing their editors. An at- 
tempt was made to arrest D. Carmichacl 
Wickliffe, editor of the Lexington Ob- 
server, but he found out what was in the 
wind, made his escape from the state, and 
sought an asylum elsewhere. Paul R. 
Shipman, of the Louisville Journal, was 
arrested, taken as far as Catlettsburg, wo 
believe, and released. Thos. S. Pettit, 
editor of the Owensboro Monitor, was ar- 
rested and put "across the lines" at Mem- 
phis, and was an exile for months from 
his home. Threats were made against 
Thos. M. Green, of the Maysville Eagle— 
which paper, with the Louisville Democrat, 
made up the list of Democratic or conserv- 
ative papers then published in Ky." 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



185 



Dec. —Mason CO., by 1,421 to 964, 
votes a tax of one per cent, per annum for 
three years on all her taxable property, to 
pay for her stock subscription to the com- 
pletion of the railroad from Maysville to 
Paris. In 1861-52-63, Mason co. issued 
$260,000 of .SO-year railroad bonds. By 
judicious sinking-fund management, that 
debt is already reduced to $124,000. 

Dec. 25— Death, near Louisville, aged 
nearly 79, of Maj. Aris Throckmorton, a 
soldier of the war of 1812, and distin- 
guished before 1830 as the landlord of the 
Lower Blue Lick Springs watering-place, 
and from 1835 to 1865 of the Gait House 
at Louisville. His social qualities were 
remarkable, and the greatest men of Ky. 
. and the West prized Jiis company and 
friendship. 

Deo. 27— The Lexington Slaleeman, the 
leading Radical organ in the state, says; 

" The legislature proposes to investigate 
the official conduct of Gen. Burbridge 
while in command in Ky. The general 
does not shrink from this investigation ; 
he rather courts it. If it ever takes place 
he will show : 1st, That Generals Ulysses 
S. Grant and Wm. T. Sherman both in- 
dorse that action, his alleged murders and 
all ; 2d, That no man was executed by 
him that had not been regularly tried, 
convicted, and sentenced by court martial ; 
3d, That after such conviction ample time 
was given friends to get a reversal of the 
decree of the court martial from Washing- 
ton ; 4th, That fewer men were executed 
by him than by his successor, Gen. John 
M. Palmer; 5th, That he showed a great 
reluctance in the execution of severe meas- 
ures, but that his orders from his superiors 
were explicit; 6th, That the charge that 
he received bribes to let prisoners oflF is 
false. Gen. Sherman, it is said, when the 
investigation takes place, will furnish the 
evidence that Gen. Bragg, while in K}'. in 
1862, executed some 16 men without trial. 
He will also furnish Gen. Burbridge all 
orders and parts of orders given by him to 
Gen. Burbridge, which orders justify the 
latter in what he did. For Gen. Bur- 
bridge's sake, then, we say, let the inves- 
tigation take place : and let this much 
abused man be justified before the public 
with the hearty indorsement of his supe- 
riors." 

1868, Jan. 2— The editor of the Maysville 
Eagle. Thos. M. Green, in noticing Gen. 
Brisbin's defense of Gen. Burbridge, relates 
several instances of innocent young men 
who were executed by order of the latter, ( 
without trial, without notice of trial, with- 
out notice to their friends of sentence 
until after execution ; an instance of a man 
guilty of being a guerrilla who was "sen- 
tenced to be shot, in connection with an- 
other man who was not within 100 miles 
of Henderson when the murder was com- 
mitted for which the former was con- 
demned ; the mother and sister of the 
former interceded with Burbridge to change 
the death sentence to imprisonment, but 
he rejected their prayers ; they were ad- 



vised 
who, f 



employ "an ex-Federal colonel 
a large sum of money which was 
dertonk to secure the release of 
emned guerrilla, and succeeded — 
while an innocent man was hung in his 
place, at Henderson," He furnishes other 
instances and names, and alludes to still 
more ; and renews a challenge, first given 
in 1865, to Gen. Burbridge " to take such 
measures as would give him an opportunity 
to produce witnesses to prove these state- 
ments, either before a military or civil 
court." The article, while couched in 
respectful language, is strong, pointed, 
and crushing. 

Jan. 3— During the entire year 1867 the 
steamer Magnolia transported to Cincin- 
nati from Maysville 2,102 hogsheads of 
tobacco, from Ripley, Ohio, 1,825, from 
Higginsport, 0., 1,372, from Dover, Mason 
CO., Ky., 994, from Augusta, Bracken CO., 
788, and from other points 2,083— in all, 
9,165 hogsheads on one steamer alone, 

Jan. 8— The city council of Louisville 
requests the Ky. senators and representa- 
tives in congress to insist upon some as- 
surance from the general government that 
Gen. John C. Breckinridge "will be free to 
return home at any time, unmolested by 
any agent of the Federal government in 
resuming the pursuits of civil life," &a. 

Jan. 8- The central committee of the 
Union Democratic (or " Third") party 
issue an address calling upon their polit- 
ical friends, and upon all eonservativeg 
and Democrats, to unite upon the candi- 
date for governor who may be nominated 
by the Democratic stale convention at 
Frankfort, on Feb. 22, and to send dele- 
gates to and take part in said convention. 

Jan. 11 — A report of the state librarian, 
sent to the senate by order, shows among 
the books in the library only o»ecopy of any 
history of the state of Ky., (Collins', pub- 
lished in 1847) ; not a copy on hand of Fil- 
son's, published in 1784, Imlay's in 1792, 
Littell's in 1806, Marshall's in 1812 and 
1824, Bradford's in 1827, or Butler's in 
1834 and 1836. 

Jan. 15 — Samuel I. M. Major elected 
public printer by the legislature, receiving 
119 votes, iind John H. Harney 2 votes. 
Walter N. H.aldeman elected public binder, 
receiving 114 votes, and Adam C. Keenon 
3 votes. A. W, Vallandingham elected 
state libr.ari,an. 

Jan. 22 — Legislature increases the fee 
of witnesses for each day's attendance at 

court to $1 25— Cities and towns on 

the Ohio river m.ay contract to get their 
supply of water from, or may furnish water 
to, cities outside the state. [Especially 
adapted to Covington and Newport.] 

Jan. 23— Samuel S. Marshall, of Illi- 
nois, on the floor of the U. S. house of rep- 
resentatives, of which body he is a mem- 
ber, denounces Gen. Stephen 6. Burbridge 
as "the military Jeffreys of Kentucky," 
and characterizes his militai-y career in 
this state in strong language. 25th— Gen. 

'on in the Washington City 



186 



ANNALS OF KEXTCCKY. 



1868. 



Chronicle. 31st — Mr. Marshall has the 
letter read on the fli)Or of congress, com- 
ments in respectful terms, and makes a 
personal explanation ; to which Gen. Bur- 
bridge replies, next day, in another news- 
paper article. 

Jan. 2'1— The senate, by 29 to 5, passed 
a bill to purchase of the author 1,000 copies 
of a " Treatise on Pleading and Practice 
under the Civil Code of Kentucky, pre- 
pared by Jno. E. Newman," at $5 per copy. 
The house, .Jan. 31, rejected the bill, .18 to 
41 ; reconsidered it, and, Feb. 25, again re- 
jected it, 50 to 25 [51 TOtes being required 
to pass it]. 

Jan. 26— Death, near Louisville, of John 
H. Harney, aged about 65, editor since 
1844 of the Louisville Democrat— a. culti- 
vated and genial gentleman, and a grace- 
ful, vigorous, and spirited writer, 

Jan. 27— Mysterious disappearance of 
Judge Andrew Monroe, of Louisville. 
May 28 — His body was found floating in 
the canal opposite the Falls ; the belief 
was that he was accidentally drowned. 

Jon. 29 — A young woman is found, in- 
sensible, ai the foot of the cliff at the east 
entrance of the railroad tunnel, at Frank- 
fort ; next day, when consciousness re- 
turned, she reveals the fact that she had 
been outraged by a negro man, and thrown 
down the precipice, 75 feet, to hide his 
crime by murder. He is immediately ar- 
rested and thrown into jail ; but the news 
spreading like wildfire among the Irish 
citizens, they gather rapidly in an excited 
mob, force the jail, take the negro and 
hang him at the top of the cliff— before 
Gov. Stevenson and Adj. Gen. Frank 
Wolford can gather police enough to put 
down the mob and let the law take its 
course. 

Jan. 29— The house, by 74 to 10, passed 
a bill to take the sense of the qualified 
voters of the state upon the expediency of 
imposing an additional tax of 15 cents on 
the $100 for increasing the common school 
fund. It was defeated in the senate, by 
18 to 15, by postponing further consider- 
ation until Jan. 6, 1869. 

Feb. 1 — Legislature declares it inexpe- 
dient to remove the seat of government 
from the city of Frankfort. The resolu- 
tion passed the senate by 17 to 12, and the 
house by 60 to 31. And yet, March 9, 
they passed and the governor approved a 
resolution inviting the cities of Bowling- 
green, Lebanon, Danville, Lexington, Lou- 
isville, and any others, to make propo- 
sitions, by Jan. 8, 1869, looking to the 
removal of the state capital to such place. 

Feb. 3— Gov. Stevenson vetoes "An act 
to incorporate the Kentucky Silver Mining 
Company," in a very able message and for 
numerous strong reasons ; and the veto is 
unanimously concurred in. 

Feb. 5— Legislature orders the remains 
of Beverly L. Clarke, who died while U. S. 
minister to Central America, to be removed 
from the city of Guatemala to the state 
cemetery at Frankfort, and a monument 
erected 13— Appropriates §40,000 to 



complete the new buildings at the Eastern 
Lunatic Asylum, $17,756 for same purpose 
at the Western Lunatic Asvlum, and $20,- 

000 at the Asylum for the Blind 26— 

Authorizes the governor to borrow, from 
the commissioners of the sinking fund, 
$500,000, if necessary, in aid of the ordi- 
nary revenue of the state, to meet the ap- 
propriations of the present general assem- 
bly 28— Makes it lawful to import 

Texas cattle at any time between Nov. 1 
and April 1 in each year, but any party 
importing same to be liable to prosecution 
if thereby fatal diseases are spread among 

our native cattle 29 — Telegraph 

lines to be taxed 50 cents for each mile of 

Feb. 6— Mr. Barlow, in a letter of thanks 
to the legislature for the appropriation of 
$1,500 to enable him to exhibit .at the Ex- 
position or World's Fair in Paris, France, 
in 1867, the Planetarium invented and 
constructed by his father, the late Thos. 
H. Barlow, and himself, says that "as 
Kentucky's contribution it was exhibited 
in the American section of the Exposition, 
and proved greatly superior to any other 
instrument of the kind. It attracted 
much attention, and was duly .ippreciated 
by many men of science; also, by millions 
of intelligent visitors. P. Dumoulin Fro- 
mert, who is extensively engaged in manu- 
facturing philosophical apparatus in Paris, 
is manufacturing them of various sizes for 
the supply of numerous European de- 
mands. Thus Kentucky has furnished 
the civilized world the best school appa- 
ratus for the illustration of the planetary 

Feb. 10 — Resignation of U. S. senator 
Jas. Guthrie, because of severe illness pre- 
venting him from attendance "for many 
months." Feb. 18 — Thos. C. McCreery, 
(Dem. Elected to fill the v.ieancy, receiv- 
ing 110 votes, Sidney M. B.arnes, (Union,) 
9. "and Aaron Harding (3d party) 5 votes. 
[In the Democratic caucus, the evening 
before, the 9th ballot stood : McCreery 46, 
Jesse D. Bright 30, Kich.ard H. Stanton 
24, Lucius Desha 5. Subsequently the 
last three were withdr.awn.] 

Feb. 12— The house had under consid- 
eration the bill to appropriate $200,000 for 
*' enlarging the present state capitol, so as 
to provide suitable chambers and commit- 
tee rooms for the senate and house of rep- 
resentatives, and also suitable apartments 
and fire-proof rooms for the princijial pub- 
lic officers of the state required by law to 
reside at the seat of government." [The 
city council of Frankfort, on Jan. 16, had 
tendered to the state " a sum sufficient to 
purchase the two half squares, one on the 
east and one on the west of the capitol 
grounds, to be incorporated into the cap- 
itol square," on condition sufficient money 
is appropriated to enlarge the capitol as 
contemplated.] The bill was lost, yeas 
46 [51 being necessary to pass it], nays 42. 
Thos. L. Jefferson's motion to issue $!,- 



ISCS. 



ANNALS OF KENTUCKY. 



187 



majority of voters in the state as required 
by Art. 2, Sec. 36, of the Constitution, 
w.n« lost — yeas 39, nays 51. 

Feb. 13— A committee of three senators 
and five representatives appointed to in- 
quire into the expediency of granting 
stnte aid towards constructing railroads 
in Ky. 

Feb. 20— Grand banquet at the Capital 
Hotel, Frankfort, in honor of Thos. C. 
MeCreery's election to the U. S. senate. 

Feb. 22 — U. S. house of representatives, 
by yeas 126, nays 47, not voting 17, re- 
solves " that Andrew Johnson, president 
of tlie United States, be impeached for 
high crimes and misdemeanors." [The 
Ky. delegation (all of whom, except John 
Young Brown and John D. Young, were 
by this time admitted to their seats,) 
voted nay.] 

Feb. 22 — Democratic state convention at 
Fronkfort, Jesse D. Bright permanent 
president. Acting-governor Jno. W. Ste- 
venson unanimously nominated for gov- 
ernor. Geo. H. Pendleton, of Ohio, rec- 
ommended as the Democratic nominee for 



the 



aenoy. 



Feb. 25 — Lead ore taken from several 
places in Bourbon CO., the finest vein on 
Payne's farm, 3 miles west of Millers- 
burg — a vertical vein, commencing at the 
top of a cliff 60 feet high, on the bank of 
Hinkston creek, very small at the top 
{about 1 inch) but enlarging to 9 inches in 
the depth of a few yards. At Ruddell's 
Mills it has been found; and was mined 
on Esq. Nunn's place, to some extent, 
years ago. 

Feb. 26— The senate, by 26 to 2, adopted 
the report of the committee on finance- 
that in directing the purchase of 235 ad- 
ditional copies of Adj. Gen. Daniel W. 
Lindsey's Report for 1861-66, or " History 
of Kentucky Soldiers during the War," 
per act of March 7, 1867, it was the sense 
and understanding of the senate that the 
price was to be $20 per copy, and not $94:- 
19, as charged. 

Feb. 27 — Union st.ite convention at 
Frankfort; R. Tarvin Baker, of Campbell 
CO., nominated for governor, and Ed, R. 
Weir, of Daviess co., and Wm. Henry 
AV^adsworth, of Maysville, as presidential 
electors. Gen. U. S. Grant for president, 
and Jas. Speed of Louisville for vice presi- 
dent, were declared to be the choice of the 

Feb. 28— Death, at Mexico, Missouri, 
aged 83,of Elder ("Raccoon") John Smith, 
of Bath CO., Ky., a preacher of the Gospel 
for 20 years, from 1808 to 1828, in the 
Baptist church, and for 40 years, from 
1828 to 1868, in the Reformed or Christian 

Feb. 29— At Paris, Bourbon co., the wife 
of Maj. Geo. W. Williams celebrated her 
17th birthd.ay, although 68 years old. The 
gathering of husband, children, grand- 
children, and friends, made it as remark- 



olden 



tha 



vhich such 



March 1 — In Bourbon co., Wm. T. Pur- 
nell sold, at 10 cents per pound, or for 
$302:50, a bullock weighing 3,025 pound.'.