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Full text of "Collins's peerage of England; genealogical, biographical, and historical"

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929,7201 

C69c 

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1142429 






GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 





' 3 1833 00859 4696 



COLLI NS'S 

i^eerage of Cnglanb: 

GENEALOGICAL, 
BIOGRAPHICAL, AND HISTORICAL. 

GREATLY AUGMENTED, 

I 

AND CONTINUED TO THE PRESENT TIME, 



BY 



SIR EGERTON BRYDGES, K. J. 




IN NINE VOLUMES. 
VOL. VIII. 



LONDON: 

rninted for f. c. and j. rivington, otridge and son, 
j. nichols and co. t. payne, wilkie and robinson, j. 
Walker, clarke and sons, w. lowndes, r.lea, j, cuthell, 
longman, hukst, rees, okme, and co. white, cochrane, 
and co. c. law, cadell and davies, j. ilooth, crosby 
and co, j. murray, j. mawman, j. booker, r. scholey, 
j. hatchard, r. baldwin, cradock and joy, j. faulder, 
gale, curtis and co. johnson and co. and g. robinson. 

1812. 



T, r.ensley, Priuter, 
Bolt Court, Fleet Street, London. 



CONTENTS OF VOL. VIII. 



, KARONS FROM THE COMMENCEMENT OF MR. PITT'S 

^^ MINISTRY IN 1784, TO THE CONCLUSION OF THE 
^ EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ 

/■^^ Page 

Carteret, Lord Carteret 1 

<3 Eliot, Lord Eliot 3 

V) Bulkeley, Lord Bulkeley S 

Cocks, Lord Somers 19 

ry Parker, Lord Boringdoji 28 

\ Hill, Lord Berwick 33 

, Button, Lord Shei-horne - Sp 

1 Gordon, Lord Gordon 50 

Scot, Lord Montagu of Boughton 5/ 

' -' Douglas, Lord Douglas of Amhreslury , (since extinctj 58 

Beresford, Lord Tyrone 74 

^ Boyle, Lord Carlton 101 

't Harbord, Lord Suffield 107 

'\ Carleton, Lord Dorchester 109 

S Eliott, Lord Heathfield 119 

'^ Kenyon, Lord Kenyon • • 127 

' — Curzon, Baroness Howe • • • 1 33 

Neville, Lord Braylrooke 153 

Amherst, Lord Amherst l6l 

Chichester, Lord Fisherwick 177 

Grimston, Lord Verulam 20^ 

Douglas, Lord Douglas of Douglas 227 

Gage, Lord Gage 249 

Douglas, Lord Douglas of Lochleven 271 

Th(Urlow, Lord Thurlow 284 

Eden, Lord Aukland 287 

Fitzpatrick, Lord Upper Ossory 293 

Phipps, Lord Mulgrave 311 

Lyttelton, Lord Lyttelton 310 



2 PEERA.GE OF ENGLAND. 

Title. Henry-Frederick Carteret, Baron Carteret, of Hawncs, 
in the county of Bedford. 

Creation. Baron Carteret, of Hawnes, in the county of Bed- 
ford, January 2C)th, 1784, 24 George III. 

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth Gules, three clarions, or 
claricords. Or, for Granville; second and third. Gules, four fusils 
conjoined in fess. Argent. 

Crest. Above a wreath a mount, thereon a squirrel sejant, 
cracking a nut, all proper. 

Supporters. Two winged stags. Gules, attired, Or. 

Motto. Loyal devoir. 

Chief Seat; 



LORD ELIOT. 




ELIOT, LORD ELIOT. 

This family flourished for eight or ten generations in Devonshire, 
before they transplanted themselves rnto Cornwall, and had 
matched into several considerable families in that county; as the 
Sigdens, Cotlands, Bonviles, Sumasters, Fitz, Careswells, &c. 
Anno 1433, Walter Eliot was returned among the gentry of 
Devonshire. 

And to this fanoily, as it should seem by the arms, was allied, 
Sir IliCHARD Eliot, made by King Hen. VIII. one of the Justices 
of the King's Bench, who by his will, dated 1520, bequeathed his 
body to be buried in the cathedral of Salisbury,^ of which church 
Robert Eliot died Sub-dean, anno 1502,'' 

The pedigree entered in the visitation of Cornwall, made in 
1620,*^ commences with 

John Eliot, who by his wife, Jane, daughter of John Bonvile, 
of Shute, in com. Devon, was father to 

Edward Eliot, of Cutland, in that county, who married Alice, 
daughter of Robert Guye, of Kingsbridge, and had issue two 
sons; 

First, John Eliot, nf St. Germains, in Cornwall, whose first 
wife was Grace, daughter of John Fitz, of Tavestock, in Devon- 
shire j and his second, Mary, daughter of John Bruin, of Pli- 
raouth. 

Second, Thomas Eliot, married to Joan, daughter of John 
Norbrooke, of Exeter, by whom he had issue four sons; First, 
Richard. Second, Hugh. Third, Walter. And, Fourth, Ed- 
ward. Also an only daughter, Alice. 



a Willis's Notitia Parliamentaiia, Vol. II. p. 144. 

* Antiquities of Salisbury, p. 307. <= C. I, in Coll. Arm. 



4 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Richard Eliot, the eldest son and heir of Thomas, purchased 
the site, &c. of the priory of St. Germain's, to which he gave the 
name of Port Eliot/ where he lived with great hospitality,= 
He was buried in St. Germain's church, June 24th, 1609, leaving 
by his wife, Bridget, daughter and coheir of Nicholas Carswell, 
of Hache, an only son. 

Sir John Eliot," Knt. born and baptized at St. Germain's, April 
20th, 1500; who became a gentleman commoner of Exeter Col- 
lege, Oxford, in 1607, where he continued two or three years, 
and then removed to the inns of courtj and May 10th, 16I8, re- 
ceived the honour of knighthood from King James I. was elected 
representative for the borough of Newport, in Cornwall, to the 
last parliament of that reign, and was re-elected to the first par- 
liament of King Charles I. which being soon dissolved, he was 
chosen for St. Germain's to the ensuing parliament, and in 3 Car. I. 
was Knight of the shire for Cornwall, 

Sir John being a great opposer of the court, was appointed by 
the House of Commons one of the managers of the impeachment 
of the Duke of Buckingham, for which he, with .Sir Dudley 
Diggcs, the other manager, were committed prisoners to the 
Tower, but were soon after releasedj on March 1st, 162S, Sir 
John Eliot, and other members of the House of Commons, were 
committed close prisoners to the Tower, for refusing to answer 
before the Privy Council for what was said or done in the Parlia- 
ment j and on May 29th following, an information was exhibited 
against them in the Star Chamber, for their undutiful speeches in 
the late Parliament j in Michaelmas term following, upon an infor- 
mation in the King's Bench, they pleaded to the jurisdiction of the 
court, but were over-ruled, and afterwards adjudged to be impri- 
soned during the King's pleasure, to give security for their good 
behaviour; and Sir John Eliot was also fined two thousand pounds: 
they were afterwards offered to be released on their making sub- 
mission, which they refused, and Sir John Eliot died in the Tower, 
and was buried in the chapel there. 

By the inquisition taken after his death, it appears that he died 
November 27th, 8 Car. I, 1032, leaving John, his son and heir, 
then twenty years and forty days old.^ Sir John married Redi- 
gund, daughter and coheir to Richard Gedy, Esq. by whom he 
had several sons and two daughters] the eldest of which was 

^ Not. Pari, praedict. e Carew's Survey of Cornwall, p. 109. 

* Inquis. post Mort. in Cur. Ward. 



LORD ELIOT. S 

Elizabeth, wife to Colonel Nathaniel Fiennesj second son of Wil- 
liam, the first Viscount Say and Sele.s 

Nicholas> his Jourth son, was ancestor to the present Peer. 

John, the eldest son and heir, was baptized at Port Eliot, 
October ISth, 16"12. He represented the borough of St. Germain's 
in 15 Car. L and the two first Parliaments of Car. IL and was 
buried near his grandfather, in the south ayle, or nave, of St. 
Germain's church, March 25th, l685, leaving an only son and 
heir, 

Daniel Eliot, who represented the borough of St. Germain's 
in several parliaments, and was buried among his ancestors, Oc- 
tober 2Sth, 1/02, leaving an only child, Catharine, married ia 
I/O/, to the learned antiquary, Browne Willis of Whaddon Hall, 
in Buckinghamshire, Esq.'' By his will he bequeathed his estate, 
in order to keep up the name of his family, to Edward Eliot, 
grandson to Nicholas Eliot, fourth son of Sir John Eliot above- 
mentioned.' 

Which Edward Eliot, Esq. (grandson to Nicholas Eliot be- 
forementioned), represented St. Germains in Parliament, from 1^05 
to 1714, was elected for Lest vvithel in 17I8, was appointed one 
of the commissioners of the Excise in 172O, and chosen for Les- 
kard in September 1722, but died the same year without issue, 
and was succeeded by his brother, 

Richard Eliot, of Port Eliot, Esq. who was elected to par- 
liament for St. Germain's in 1/33, for Leskard in 1741, and again 
for St. Germain's in 1747j he was also Auditor and Receiver- 
general to the Prince of Wales, and died November ipth, 1748, 
aged about fifty-three, and was buried at St. Germain's. He mar- 
ried March 4th, 1726, Harriot, natural daughter of the Right 
Honourable James Craggs, Esq. Secretary of State in the reign 
of King George I, and by her (who was re-married November 
14th, 1749, to the Honourable John Hamilton,'' brother to James, 
Earl of Abercorn), had issue three sons and six daughters. The 
jons were. 

First, Edward, first Lord Eliot. 

Second, Richard, who entered into the royal navy, and died 
under age. 

S See Vol. VII. art. Say and Sele.' 
h She died, October 14th, 1724, aged thirty-.'bur, and was burled at BleachJey. 

i Not. Parliam. praedict. 
^ By whom she was mother of the present Marquis of Abercorn. See Vol. II. 
P- 534- 



6 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Third, John, who was a Captain in the navy, and died Gover- 
nor of West Florida, unmarried. 

Anne, the eldest daughter, married Hugh Bonfoy, Captain in 
the navy. 

Harriot, the second daughter, married Pendock Neale, of 
Tollerton, in Nottinghamshire, and died without issue 17765 
Augusta and Hester, the third and fourth daughters, died infants; 
Elizabeth, fifth daughter, was wife to Sir Charles Cocks, of Dum- 
bleton, in Gloucestershire, Baronet, afterwards Lord Somers, and 
died 1771 j 3nd Catharine, the youngest daughter, is unmarried.^ 

Edward, first Lold Eliot, born July 8th, 1727, W'as on 
his father's death chosen representative for the borough of St. 
Germain's, and constantly sat in Parliament, either for the county 
of Cornwall, or some borough therein, till his advancement to the 
peerage by patent, dated January 30th, 1784-, whereby he was 
created Baron Eliot, of St. Germain's, in Cornwall, and to the 
heirs -male of his body; his Lordship is also Receiver-general of 
the Duchy of Cornwall. 

His Lordship was married September 25th, 1/56, to Catherine, 
sole daughter and heir of Edward Ellison, of South Weald, in 
Essex, Esq. (by a daughter of Edward Gibbon, Esq. a South-Sea 
Director,' and grandfather of the late historian), by whom he had 
issue four sons. 

First, Edward, died an infant. 

Second, Edward-James, born July 1758, elected M. P. for St. 
Germain's 1780; and for Leskard, 1784, 1790, 1796; made a Lord 
of the Treasury, July 13th, 1782; and again December 17th, 1783, 
which appointment he held till 1793.'" He died during his father's 
life, in September 1797> having married Lady Harriot Pitt, daugh- 
ter of William, first Earl of Chatham, and by her (who died Sep- 
tember 25th, 1786), had issue a daughter, born September 20tb, 
1786, who married Lieut. -Colonel Pringle of the Foot-guards. 

Third, John, present Peer. 

Fourth, William, born April 1st, 1766, married, first. Lady 
Georgina-Augusta Levcson Gower, daughter of Granville, first 
Marquis of Stafford (by Lady Susan Stewart), Avho died in 1806; 
and, secondly, February 13th, I8O9, Letitia, eldest daughter of Sir 
W. P. A. A'Court, Bart, who died in child-bed in January 1810, 
of twins, who died. In 1798, he was Envoy to the States Gene- 

1 See Gent. Mag. 1797, Part II. for pedigree of Gibbon. 
"' In 1794 he accepted a Troop in the Cornwall Fencible Cavalry. 



LORD ELIOT. 7 

ral; and in l/Q^^ Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to 
Bavaria; and has lately been appointed a Lord of the Treasury. 

His Lordship, in 17^9> assumed the name and arms of Craggs^ 
and dying February 28th, 1804, was succeeded by his eldest sur- 
viving son, 

John, present and second Lord Eliot, who was born Sep- 
tember 2Sth, 1761 ; and married, September 8th, I79O, his rela- 
tion, Caroline Yorke, sister to the present Earl of Hardwickej 
but has no issue. 

His Lordship, while a younger son, was brought up to the Bar j 
and while a Commoner, represented in parliament Leskard, and 
St. Germain's. 

Title. John Eliot, Baron Eliot, of St. Germain's, in the 
county of Cornwall. 

Creation. Baron Eliot, January 30th, 1/84, 24 George IIL 

Arms. Argent a fess. Gules, between two bars gemelles wavy. 
Azure, Eliot; but at present uses the arms of Craggs. 

Crest, On a wreath an elephant's head coupt Argent, collared 
Gules. 

Supporters. Two eagles reguardant, with wings expanded, 
proper, and charged on their breasts with an ermine spot. 

Motto. OCCURRENT NUBES. 

Chief Seat. Port Eliot, in Cornwall, which was formerly the 
Priory of St. Germains. 



8 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




BULKCLEY, LORD BULKELEY. 

This ancient and noble family, as appears by a curious illumi- 
nated pedigree in his Lordship's possession, is descended from 

Robert Bulkeley, Esq. Lord of the manor of Bulkeley, in 
the county Palatine of Chester, in the reign of King John, and 
was succeeded therein by his son 

William, who had five sonsj 

First, Robert. 

Second, Willock, of Petty Hall, in Cheshire, whose son, Ri- 
chard, married Mary, daughter of Hugh Venables, Baron of Kin- 
derton, and had an only son of his own name. 

Third, Roger, of Orton Madock, in Cheshire. 

Fourth, Ralph, seated at Rudal Heath, in the same county, 
but died issueless. 

Fifth, David, from whom the Bulkeleys of Bickerton, in 
Cheshire descended. 

Robert Bulkeley, of Bulkeley, Esq. the eldest son, married a 
daughter of Thomas Butler, Baron of Warrington, in Cheshire, 
by whom he had two sons. 

First, William, his heir. 

Second, Peter, ancestor to the Bulkeleys, of Wore, in Shrop- 
shire j and Broxton, in Cheshire. 

Also four daughters 5 viz. Alice, married to Weaver; 

Maud, to ■ Hampton; Janet, to John Larkton; and Mar- 
garet, to Griffith Vichan ap Jer Griffith ap Jerworth Goch. 

William, the eldest son and heir of Robert, was living at 
Bulhley, in the year 1302, and was twice married : first, to Maud, 
daughter to Sir John Davenport, Knt. j secondly, to Alice, daugh- 
ter 6r Vrian(or JSryan) St. Piere. 



LORD BULKELEY. g 

By the latter wife, he had one son, Richard, to whom he gave 
the manor of Prestland, in Cheshire, wheretipon he assumed that 
surname, which his descendants continued to use. 

The issue by tbejormer venter were, five sons. 

First, William, living at Bulkeley in 1314; but his line ter- 
minated in a granddaughter, Alice^ wife of Thomas Holford, of 
Holford, in Cheshire, Esq. 

Second, Robert, ofivhom presently. 

Third, Roger, to whom his father gave the manor of Nor- 
bury, in Cheshire, which became the surname of his descend- 
ants. 

Fourth, Thomas, seated at Alpraham, in Cheshire, in right of 
his wife, Alice, daughter and coheir of Matthew Alpraham, of 
Alpraham, by whom he left a daughter and sole heir, Hellene 
married to Sir Thomas Ardern, of Aldford, in Cheshire, Knight. 

Fifth, Peter, 

Robert Bulkeley, second son of William, became seated at 
Eaton, in Cheshire, which he had of his father's gift. He waa 
Sheriff of the county in 1341, and married Isabel, daughter of 
Philip Egerton, of Malpas, in Cheshire, and had by her a daugh- 
ter. Cicely, married to Thomas Weaver, of Cheshire, and had 
two sons. 

First, Robert, from whom the Bulkeleys, of Eaton and Bur- 
gate, in Cheshire. 

Second, Richard, ancestor to Lord Bulkeley. Which Richard 
married Agnes, daughter and coheir to Roger Chedel, of Chedel, 
in Cheshire, and had with her that estate in which he was suc- 
ceeded by his only son, 

Richard, who took to wife Alice, daughter to Sir Ralph Bos- 
tock. Knight 5 and had, 

William Bulkeley, of Chedel, Esq. who, in the reign of 
Henry VI. being Constable of Beaumaris, in the Isle of Anglesey, 
hindered the Duke of York from landing there in his return from 
Ireland, to join the Earl of Warwick against the King. He mar- 
ried Ellen, daughter to Guilliam ap Griffith, of Pentrie Esq. and 
died in 1484 (2 Richard IIL), leaving issue six sons, and four 
daughters; viz. 

First, Rowland, his heir, who was seated at Beaumaris. 

Second, William, of Burgat, in Hampshire (who, by the 
daughter and heir of Sir John Popham, had Robert his heir, who 
married Ann, daughter of John Poyntz, of Acton, in Gloucestes- 
shire, Esq. and had issue three sons; of whom, Robert, tlie eldest, 



10 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

living in 1565, married Joan, daughter to William Gascoigne, of 
Carrington, Esq. 

Third, Hugh. Fourth, Richard. Fifth, Edward (or Ed- 
mund), who died young. Sixth, William. 

The daughters were, Janet, married to Hugh ap Llewellin ; 
Ellen, to Robert ap Meredith; Agnes, and Alice. 

Rowland Bulkeley, of Beaumaris, Esq. the eldest son, mar- 
ried Alice, daughter and heir to William Beconsal, of Beconsal, 

in Lancashire. Esq. by his wife , daughter and heir of 

Ashton, and had issue five sons, and two daughters; viz. 
First, Richard, his heir. 

Second, William, from whom the Bulkeleys, of Porthamel, in 
the Isle of Anglesey. 

Third, Hugh. Fourth, Henry. Fifth, Robert. 
Ellen, wife of Sir William Norreys, of Speake, in Lancashire, 
Knight; and Margaret, married to George Booth, of Dunham, in 
Cheshire, Esq. 

Sir Richard Bulkeley, the eldest son, succeeded his father, 
Rowland, at Beaumaris, was honoured with knighthood, and made 
Chamberlain of North Wales in 1534 (26 Henry VIIL) being 
then twenty-eight years old: he married Catherine, daughter of 
Sir William Griffith, junior, of Pcnrhyn, in the county of Caer- 
narvon, Chamberlain of North Wales, and had by her two daugh- 
ters; Eleanor, married to John Ardern, of Ardern, in Cheshire; 
and Jane, married to Maurice Wynn (or Gwynn), of Gwyther, 
in Caernarvonshire, Esq. also four sons ; 
First, Richard. 

Third, Rowland. Third, John. And, Fourth, Thomas. 
Sir Richard Bulkeley, of Beaumaris and Chedel, the eldest 
son, was knighted in 15/6, represented the county of Anglesey in 
several parliaments in the reigns of Queen Mary and Queen Eh- 
zabeth, to the latter of whom he proved an excellent soldier and 
faithfiil servant on many occasions, and was also Chamberlain of 
North Wales. 

He married to his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir John 
Savage, of Rock Savage, and Clifton, in Cheshire, Knight. 

And to his second, Agnes (or Ann), daughter of Thomas 
Nedham, of Shavington, in Shropshire, Esq. and had issue by 
both venters. 

But we shall first treat of the descendants of the latter mar- 
'riage, the issue of which were eight sons, and two daughters j 
viz. 



LORD BULKELEY. H 

First, Launcelot. Second, Arthur. Third, Tristram, who all 
died young. Fourth, George. Fifth, Edward, who both died 
issueless. 

Sixth, Launcelot, Archbishop of Dublin, of whom pre- 
sently. 

Seventh, Arthur, Vicar of Coydan, in 1596 (who married 
Jane, daughter and heir to Rhyse Wynn, ap Willi sm, ap Price, 
of Coydan, and had issue William 3 Thomas, who marritd Eliza- 
beth, daughter to John Brereton, of Eglesham; and Catherine, 
wife to Peter Hanmer, of Carvalach, Esq.; William, the eK:er 
son of Arthur, married, first, Agnes, daughter of William Wil- 
liams, of Cogwithlan, by whom he had two sous, William, and 
Arthur; and, secondly, Ann, daughter to David Lloyd, ot Lloyd- 
yard, in Anglesey, by whom he had a daughter, Ann; William, 
who succeeded at Coydan, married, first, Margaret, daughter of 
Richard Parry, Bishop of St. Asaph, by whom he had four sons, 
and one daughter; viz. Richard, ancestor to the Bulkeleys, of 
Coydan; Rev. Launcelot Bulkeley; John, Charles, and Ellen; 

and by his second wife , daughter of Gayner, he had 

two daughters, Mary, and Catharine. 

Eighth, Tristram, youngest son of Sir Richard, married Ann, 
daughter of Jenkyn ap Griffith ap Lhuellin, and had two sons, 
and four daughters; John, who died without issue; William, 
who married Ann, daughter and heir to Owen Griffith, of Drevanj 
Agnes, wife to Hugh, second son to Pierce Lloyd, of Gathodogej 
Mary, Jane, and Jannet. 

Sir Richard's two daughters, by his second wife, were, Grizel, 
married to Sir Henry Power, of Bersham, in Denbighshire, Con- 
stable of the castle of Maryborough, Knight Marshal of Ireland, 
Governor of Leix, Privy Counsellor, and created Viscount Va- 
lentia; she died September 8th, l641, and was buried in St. Pa- 
trick's church, Dublin; and Mary, married to James Eaton, of 
Dudleston, in Shropshire, Esq. 

Dr. Launcelot Bulkeley, the sixth son of Sir Richard, was ad- 
mitted a Commoner of Brazen Nose College, Oxford, in 1587, 
the eighteenth year of his age, and taking his degree of M. A. in 
J593, was on the 13th of November, in that year, ordained Dea- 
con, and the same day instituted to the rectory of LlandyfFnan, to 
which was added, on the -1th March following, the rectory of Llan- 
degvaine, otherwise Beaumares, of which Lord Bulkeley is patron; 
on March 25th, 1594, he was admitted into priest's orders; after 
which, being made Archdeacon of Dublin, he took the degree of 



12 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

D. D. in that university j and by letters patent, dated August 
11th, 1619, was promoted to that archiepiscopal seej soon after 
•which, he was sworn of the Privy Council; and on April 15th, 
1624, appointed one of the Commissioners for the preservation of 
the peace in the provinces of Leinster and Ulster, during the Lord 
Deputy Falkland's absence, to visit the new plantations in the 
north : he died at his palace of Tallaght, September 8th, l650. in 
the eighty-second year of his age, and was buried in St. Patrick's 
catliedral. He married Alice, daughter of Rowland Bulkeley, of 
Beaumares, Esq. and had issue by her, who was buried with him 
in February \654, two sons and two daughters j viz. First. Rev. 
William Bulkele}', Archdeacon of Dublin. Second, Rev. Richard 
Bulkeley, D. D. of Eawne, who died about the commencement 
of the troubles in l641 (leaving three orphans under the tuition 
of their uncle, William) j Mary, married to William Bulkeley, of 
Porthamel, Esq. ; and Grisild, to the Rev. Dr. Ambrose Aungier. 
William Bulkeley, D. D. Archdeacon of Dal I'm, lived at Miltown, 
which, with many other houses and castles, belonging to the Pro- 
testant nobility and gentry in the counties of Dublin and Wick- 
low, were burnt in 1 641, to prevent the English from planting 
any garrison in those parts; and it appears from the depositions, 
concerning the murders and losses of the Protestants, that he also 
lost in rents, 5301. a year; in stock, 4501. in buildings at Old 
Bawne, which were wasted and destroyed 30001.; in rents, tythes, 
&c, at Dunlavan, and elsewhere, 63151.; that his father, the 
Archbishop, lost in cattle, houses burnt, and rents, 370I.; and the 
orphans of his brother, 5051. 18s. He was a person of great 
virtue and piety; one who made it bis only employ to serve the 
xhurch, and his diversion to improve and adorn his estate with 
plantations, whereby, from a rude, desolate, and wild land, he 
brought it to be a most delightful patrimony. He married Eli- 
zabeth, daughter to Henry Mainwaring, of Kilkenny, Esq. one 
of the Masters of the High Court of Chancery, in Ireland; she 
brought into this family divers castles, houses, and gardens, near 
to and within the precinct of the Dominican abbey of Black 
Friars, in Kilkenny; the impropriate rectories of Bananogh, 
otherwise called Castledough, Dysert, and Kilferah, with the 
glebes thereof, &c. in the county of Kilkenny. He made his 
will, December 3d, 1670, and died the year following, at the age 
of seventy-three; having had issue three sons, and three daugh- 
ters; viz. First, Sir Richard, his heir. Second, Arthur, who died 
unmarried in J 666. Third, Lancelot, who died a bachelor; the 



LORD BULKELEY. 13 

daughters were, Alicia, married to Henry Martin, Esq, son and 
heir to Anthony Martin, Bishop of Meathj Mary, wife of Lan- 
celot Dowdall, of Mountown, in the county of Meath, Esq. 5 and 
Agnes, first married to Edward Chichester, Esq. grandson to Ed- 
ward, Viscount Chichester j and, secondly, to Roger Masterson, 
of Prospect, and Monyseed, in the county of Wexford, Esq. 
Which Sir Richard, who succeeded at Old Bawne, was also 
seated at Dunlavan, in the county of Wicklow. He obtained a 
grant, dated March 24th, 1661, for a weekly market, and two 
fairs to be held in the year, at Dunlavan, where he had a good 
estate; and being a man of great merit and goodness, was created 
a Baronet of Ireland, by patent, December yth, l682. In 1(550, 
he married, first, Catharine, daughter and coheir of John Bysse, 
Esq. Chief Baron of the Exchequer, in Ireland, and by her, who 
died in 1664, the twenty-first year of her age, had two sons, Ri- 
chard and John; his second wife was Dorothy, daughter of 

Whitfield, Esq. by whom he had no issue; and he dying in 
1635, she re married with William Worth, Esq. Baron of the 
Exchequer, in Ireland, and died, January 12thj 1/01, and was 
buried in St. Patrick's church, Dublin. 

Sir Richard Bulkeley, second Baronet, the eldest son and 
heir, had his education in the universities of Dublin and Oxford, 
and took the degree of A. B. in the latter. May 21st, l6S0. He 
was a person of good understanding and reason, which in divers 
respects were much improved by the imperfect symmetry and 
deformity of his body; for, in the course of his childhood, his 
faculties were so extraordinary, that in a few years he acquired a 
very great share of learning, and was blessed with so great a me- 
mory, that his learning and knowledge were therein most securely 
treasured up. At sixteen years of age, he had a large stock of 
human learning, and faculties of soul scarcely equalled; wit, 
fancy, and apprehension extraordinary, with a memory almost 
miraculous. Yet with all this fund of reason and literature, he 
was strangely deluded and led away by the unreasonable infatua- 
tions of a set of enthusiastical pretenders to prophecy, who first 
appeared amongst the French Camisars and Hugenots; with these 
he engaged so deeply, that not only his estate partly supplied their 
extravagances, but he prostituted his excellent pen in defence of 
their frenzy, and misapplied his great capacity and good sense, by 
submitting them to their groundless delusions, and was only pre- 
vented by death from selling his estate to distribute amongst them. 



14 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

He lies buried in Ewell church, in Surrey, under a black marble, 
with the following inscription : 

Here lieth the body of 

Sir Richard Bulkeley, Bart. 

Who departed this life, 

April the 7th, 1710, 

in the 47th year 

of his age. 

And also of Lucy his wife 

Who departed this life 

October the 9th, 1/10, in the 47th 

year of her age. 

She was daughter of Sir George Downing, of Hatley, in Cam- 
bridgeshire, Bart, (and was re-married, in August 1710, to the 
above-mentioned William Worth, Esq.) and leaving no issue, the 
title became cxdnct; for his brother, John Bulkeley, who died 
July 18th, 1699, left by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Henry 
Whitfield, Esq. an only daughter, Hester, who became heir to 
the estate, and was married, April 15th, 1702, to James Worth 
Tynte, Esq. younger son of the said Mr. Baron Worth, and died 
August pth, 1723, 

We now return to the issue of Sir Richard Bulkeley, of Beau- 
maris, by his Jirst wife, Margaret Savage, which were. 

First, Sir Richard, his heir. 

Second, John, who, by Margaret, daughter of Morgan, 

had a son, Charles, and a daughter, Margaret. 

Third, Thomas, Fourth, Rowland. Fifth, Charles; all died 
without issue. 

Sixth, Daniel, who married Ellen, daughter of Rowland 
Bulkeley, of Porthamel, Esq. and had issue, Richard, Rowland, 
Thomas, John, Margaret, and Ellen. 

Sir Richard's daughters were, Margaret, and Ellen, who died 
unmarried; Catharine, married to Griffith ap John Griffith, of 
Llyn; Elizabeth, wife of Owen Holland, Esq. 3 and Jane, to Ro- 
bert ap Hugh Creuthyn, Esq. 

Sir Richard Bulkeley, the eldest son, succeeded at Beaumaris. 
He received the honour of knighthood; and by King James Lst's 
instructions to William, Lord Compton, President of Wales, dated 
November 12th, 1617, was appointed of Council to his Lordship 



LORD BULKELEr. 15 

for that principality. He died, June 2Sth, 102 1, and was buried 
at Beaumaris, with his ancestors j having been twice married. 

First, to Catharine, daughter to Sir William Davenport, of 
Bromhall, in Cheshire, Knight. 

And, secondly, Mary, daughter of William, Lord Borough, of 
Gainsborough, in Lincolnshire. 

By the former he had one daughter, Elizabeth, and a son, 

Richard Bulkeley, of Chedel, Esq. who died before him, leav- 
ing, by Catharine, daughter of George Needham, of Thornset, in 
Derbyshire, Esq. several sons and daughters. Richard, the eldest 
son, succeeded at Chedel, and married Dorothy, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Hoskins, of Oxsted, in Surrey, Knight, by whom he had 
an only child, Dorothy, who was married to Henry, third son of 
Sir Henry Ayloffe, Baronet. 

The issue of Sir Richard Bulkeley, and Mary Borough, were, 
two sons. 

First, Richard, his heir. 

Second, Thomas, created Viscount Bulkeley, of ivhom here^ 
after. 

And four daughtersj Penelope, married to Sir Edzvyn Sandys, 
of Ombersley, in Worcestershire, Knight, ancestor to the Lord 
Sandys J Elizabeth, to George Shilletto, of Heath Hall, in York- 
shire, Esq.; Margaret, to Thomas Porter, of ^^'ar\vickshire, Knt.; 
and Katherine, to Sir Edwyn Sandys, of Northbourne, in Kent, 
Knight (by whom she was grandmother of Sir Richard Sandys, 
of North bourne,^' Bart.) 

Thomas, frst Viscount Bulkeley, the younger son, was seated 
at Baron Hill, near Beaumaris; and being a person of great merit 
and strict loyalty to King Charles L was advanced, by patent, 
under the privy seal, dated at Oxford, January 6th, l643, to the 
dignity of Viscount Bulkeley, of Cashel, in the kingdom, of Ireland. 

He first married Blanch, daughter of Robert Coytmore, of 
Coytmore, in Caernarvonshire, Esq. 

And, secondly, the daughter of Mr, Cheadle, who was some- 
time his Lordship's steward ; by the latter he had no issue; but 

By {he former he had five sons and four daughters. 

First, Colonel Richard Bulkeley, vi-ho was treacherously mur- 
dered by Richard Cheadle (for which he was executed at Con- 
way), and left no issue by his wife, Catharine, daughter of Sir 
Roger Mostyn, of Mostyn, Knight. 

Second, Robert, who succeeded to the title. 

* See Letters of Mrs. Eliaabeth Carter. 



16 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Third, Thomas Bulkeley, of Dinas, in the county of Caernar- 
von, who married Jane, daughter and coheir of Gritfith Jones, of 
Castlemarch, Esq. 

Fourth, Henry, who was master of the houseliold to King 
Charles II, and James If. and married Lady Sophia Stewart, and 
had issue, two sons; James, who settled in France, and left issue j 
and Francis; and four daughters; Charlotte, married to Daniel, 
Viscount Clare, of Ireland; Ann, married to James, Duke of Ber- 
wick; Henrietta; and Laura. 

Fifth, Edwyn, who died unmarried. 

His Lordship's daughters were; First, Catharine, married, 
first, to Richard Wood, of Rosemore, in Ireland, Esq.; secondly, 
to Richard Wynn, of Branas, Esq. Second, Lumley, married to 
Pierce Lloyd, of Llygwy, Esq. Third, Mary, wife to Sir Roger 
Mostyn, of Mostyn, in Flintshire, Bart. And, Fourth, Penelope, 
wedded to Sir Griffin Williams, of Vaynol, in Carnarvonshire. 

Robert, second Viscount Bulkeley, the eldest surviving son 
and heir, was Sheriff of the county of Anglesey in 1058, and served 
for the same in the parliament which restored King Charles IL 
continuing to be its representative till his death, which happened, 
October 18th, l6S8. He married Sarah, daughter of Daniel Har- 
vey, of Coombe, in Surrey, Esq. and had issue tliree sons, and six 
daughters. 

First, Richard, his heir. 

Second, Robert, educated at Oxford, and presented, May 23d, 
l683, with the degree of LL.D. by Jame^, Duke of York; he was 
also representative in parliament for Beaumaris. 

Third, Thomas, representative for the county of Caernai-von. 

The daughters were; Elizabeth, born l055, married to John 
Griffith, of Glynn, in Caernarvonshire, Esq.; Katharine, married 
to Philip Atkinson, D. D. ; Penelope, who died unmarried ; Lumley 
Martha, married to Roger Price, of Rhiwlas, Esq.; and Eleanor, 
to Sir William Smith, of Vinall, Bart. 

Richard, third Viscount, was born l65S; he represented the 
county of Anglesey in parliament from 1680 till his death; and in 
1701, was appointed Vice-Admiral of the north part of Wales. 

He married, first, Mary, eldest daughter to Sir Philip Egerton, 
of Egerton and Oulton, in Cheshire, Knight. 

And, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry White, of 
Hawthlin, in Pembrokeshire, Esq. By the latter he had no issue 

And by ihe former, an only child, 

Richard, fourth Viscount, who succeeded his father, e 



LORD BULKELEY. 17 

August 9th, 1704; was representative for the county of Anglesey, 
from 1705, till his death j also Constable of Beaumaris castle, and 
Constable of North Wales ; on November 2d, 1713, was made 
Constable of Caernarvon castle, and departed this life at Bath, 
June 4th, 1724; having always distinguished himself by a steady 
adherence to principles of loyalty, a disinterested zeal for the good 
of his country, and the strictest regard to every social virtue. He 
married Lady Bridget Bertie, eldest daughter to James, Earl of 
Abingdon, and by her, wlio died in June 1753, left issue two sons, 
Richard and James, successively Viscounts Bulk-.Mey. 
And four daughters; First, Bridget, who died unmarried. 
Second, Eleanor, married to George Harvey, of Tiddington, ia 
Oxfordshire, Esq. Third, Ann, wife to William Bertie, D. D. 
brother to Willoughby, third Earl of Abingdon. Fourth, Eliza- 
beth, married to William Price, of Rulace, Esq. Fifth, Lumley, 
And, Sixth, Sarah, both died unmarried. 

Rich \RD, Jifth Viscount, born in 17O8, was, in March I73O, 
elected member of Parliament for Beaumaris, and was re-choseu 
at the next general election ; he was likewise Governor of Beau- 
maris castle, and Chamberlain of North Wales; on January 12th, 
1/31-2, his Lordship married Jane, daughter and heir of Lewis 
Owen, of Peniarth, in Merionethshire, Esq. but dying without 
issue, March 15th, 1738-9, his Lady was re-married, in June fol- 
lowing, to Mr. Edward Williams, one of the Land Waiters in the 
Custom House, London; and the title descended to his brother, 

James, sixth Fiscount, who, on April IQth, was elected repre- 
sentative in parliament for Beaumaris, was also Constable of the 
castle there, and Chamberlain of North Wales; in August 174C), 
he married Emma, sole daughter and heir of Thomas Rowlands, 
of Caeru, in the Isle of Anglesey, Esq. by which Lady (who was, 
secondly, married to Sir Hugh Williams, of Penrhyn, in Caernar- 
vonshire, Baronet,*' and died August ISth, 1/80), he had issue two 
daughters. 

Bridget, who died unmarried ; and Eleanora, who died young. 

Also a posthumous son, Ihomas- James, the present Lord 
Bulkeley. 

His Lordship died. May 23d, 1752, aged thirty-five; and his 
Lady being then with child, the title lay dormant till she was de- 
livered of 

Thomas-James, noiv seventh Fiscount Bulkeley, of L-eland^ 

•> By whom she was mother of the present Sir Robert Williamsj Bart. 
VOL, VIII. C 



18 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

and FIRST Lord Bulkeley, Bakon ox' Beal'makis, in the Isle 
nf Anglesey, born on December 12th, \J51: at the general 
elections in 177'^; ^nd 17feO, his Lordship was chosen representa- 
tive for the county of Anglesey; was created a Peer of Great 
Britain, by the title of Lokd Bulkeley, Baron of Beaumaris, 
in the Isle of Anglesey, by patent, dated May 14th, l7B4j and is 
likewise Lord Lieutenant and Gustos Rotulorum of the county of 
Caernarvon. 

His Lordship, on April 27th, 1777, wa? married to Elizabeth- 
Harriot, only daughter and heir of the late Sir George Warren, 
of Poynton^ in Cheshire, Knight of the Bath, by Jane, daughter 
and heir of Thomas Revel,^ of Filcham, in Surrey, Esq.'' but has 
no issue. 

Titles. Thomas- James Bulkeley, Lord Bulkeley, Baron of 
Beaumaris, in the Isle of Anglesey; also Viscount Bulkeley, of 
Cashel, in the county of lipperary, in the kingdom of Ireland. 

Creations. Lord Bulkeley, Baron of Beaumaris, by patent, 
May 14lh, 1784, 24 George III. and Viscount Bulkeley, of Cashtl, 
by patent, January 19th, l643, 19 Charles I. 

Arms. Sable, a chevron between three bulls heads, cabossed, 
Argent, quartering Warren, of Poyntonj viz. cheeky. Or, Azure, 
on a canton. Argent, a lion rampant. 

Crest. In a ducal coronet. Or, a bull's head. Argent, armed. 
Or. 

Supporters. Two bulls, Argent, armed and unguled, Or, each 
Q-orsfed with a collar dancette. Gules. 

Motto. NeC TEMCKE, NEC TIMIDE. 

Chief Seat. At Baron Hill, in the Isle of Anglesey. 

<= Mr. Revel was formerly M. P. for Dover. 
^ By Jane, daughter and coheir of the Hon. William Egerton, younger brothe! 
of Scroop, ilrst Duke of Bridgewater. See Vol. III. p. 206. 



LORD SOMERS. 



19 




COCKS, LORD SOMERS, 



This ancient family was seated In the county of Kent so early as 
the beginning of King Edward the Ist's time, in the fourteenth 
year of whose reign Walter le CocKj son and heir of Thomas 
le Cock, was assessed at 6s. 3d. as an aid for the sixteenth part 
of one Knight's fee, for the scite of a messuage and lands (late 
belonging to Walter le Cock), in Ospringe, as appears by the 
memorandums in the Exchequer of that year. In the reign of 
King Edw. II. Richard Kancis and Basilia, relict of Roger Cock, 
held the half of a quarter of a Knight's fee in Ospringe afore- 
said, as proved by the book of Knight's fees. Thomas le Cock, of 
Ospringe, held at the time of his death, anno 13 Edward III. the 
scite of one messuage and twenty acres of land in Ospringe of the 
King in capite, by the service of nineteen pence per annum, and 
paying ward to Dover castle, and Walter le Cock was found to 
be his son and heir. These premises continued in this family, in 
16 Henry VIII. when Richard Cokkys died seised thereof, hold- 
ing ihem in capite, and Richard Cokkys was his son and heirj 
but the estate was soon after sold, and the family removed into 
Gloucestershire; yet the lands were called by their name for many- 
years after. 

Thomas Cocks, of Bishop's Cleeve, in Gloucestershire, Esq. 
died in 16OI, and was buried in that church, but his monument 
was destroyed by the fall of the steeple in 169G. He married 

Elizabeth, daughter of Holland, of Lancashire, and had issue 

three daughters. 

Ann, married to -— Barnsly, of Barnsly Hall, in Worcester- 
shire, Esq. 3 Dorothy, first married to Hutchins, Esq. of 

Dumbleton, in Gloucestershire, Esq. who left her that estate at 



20 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

his decease, and she was afterwards married to Sir Charles Percy, 
Knight, son of Henry, eighth Earl of Northumberland, and \vaf> 
buried at Dumbleton, June 28th, l646; and Elizabeth, wife of 
■ Stafl'urd, of Staffordshire, Esq. 

He had also ten sons who lived to be men, whereof, 

The two eldest, according to the custom of those times, made 
tneir campaign in the wars. 

Two of the others were bred up to the law, one uf which was 
in the reign of King James I. sent on an embassy to the Czar of 
Muscovy. 

The other, named Charles, was a Bencher of the Middle 
Temple, and died August 15lh, 1054, and was buried at Dum- 
bleton. 

Four were merchants; and the other two divines. 

One of them, named Peter, was Rector of Bishop's Cleevc, and 
was buried in that church in l6l2; he married the daughter of 
the Hon. Charles Bridges,, of Wilton Castle, co. Hereford, second 
son of John, first Lord Chandos, sister to Sir Giles Bridges, Bart. 

Richard Cocks, the second surviving son of the above named 
Thomas, was seated at Castle-ditch, in the county of Hereford, 
and mai-ried Judith, daughter and coheir of John Elliott, of the 
city of London, Merchant, by whom he had issue. 

First, Thomas, his eldest son and heir. 

Second, Richard, who resided at Dumbleton, in Gloucester- 
shire, and was created a Baronet, February 7th. l66l, but his issue 
is extinct. 
• Thomas, the eldest son, succeeded to the estate at Castle- 
ditch, on the death of his father; married Ann, daughter of Am- 
brose Elton, of Ledbury, in the county of Hereford, Esq. and had 
issue three daughters, 

Dorothy, married to Robert, Viscount Tr.icy, of the kingdom 
of Ireland; Judith, wife to -— — Tracyj and Elizabeth. 

Also five sons. 

First, Thomas, who succeeded at Castle-ditch, and left issue 
by Mary his wife, two sons. 

1, John, who died unmarried. 

2. The Rev. Thomas Cocks, who enjoyed the Castle-ditch 
estate, after his brother's death, and was buried in Estnor church, 

June 27th, 1724, leaving by his wife, the daughter of 

Hall, of Leicestershire, an only daughter and heir, Mary, born 
January 1703, and married in 17-4, to her cousin, John Cocks, 
hereafter-mentioned. 



LORD SOMERS. 2i 

John, second son of Thomas and Anne/ died unmarried. 
Thivd, Richard. Fourth, Henry. 

Charles, fifth son of Thomas and Anne, was Justice of the 
Peace for the county of Worcester, and elected member of par- 
liament for the city of Worcester in 1692, and represented the 
borough of Droitwich in seven parliaments. He married Mary^ 
daughter of John Soraers, of Clifton upon Severn, in the county 
of Worcester, Gent, and sister and coheir to John, Lord Somers, 
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, by whom he had 
three daughters and two sons. 

Catherine, the eldest daughter, married James Harris, of the 
Close, in Salisbury, Esq. in which cathedral she lies buried with 
the following inscription : 

H. S E. 

Catherina Harris, 

Caroli Cocks de Vigornia filia, 

Virtutibus ornatissimaj 

Jacobi Harris de Clauso Sarum Uxor, 

Nunquam non desiderata. 

Obijt 13 die Junij 

iEtatis 24'* 

Dom. 1705.'' 



inno < 



Elizabeth, the second daughter, died young. 

Margaret,'' the third daughter, was married on March IQth, 
1 719, to Philip Yorke, Esq. afterwards created Earl of Hardwicke* 
and made Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain j she died 
S-rptember lOth, 1701, and was buried at Wimpole, in Cambridge- 
thire. 

The sons were. 

First, James Cocks, of Bruckmans, in Hertfordshire j and of 
Ryegate, in Surrey, Esq. for which last place he was representa- 
tive in parliament from 1713, to 1747; he died May 23d, 1750, 
aged sixfy-five,'^ and was buried at Weston, in Shropshire. He 
married, first, in September 1718, to Lady Elizabeth Newport, 
eldest daughter of Richard, Earl of Bradford, but she died with- 
out surviving issue, and was buried at Weston 5 his second wife 

a See Vol. V. i'ltlf Malmshury. 

"^ She had been married before. See Nash's Worcestershire. 

=: Coffin-nlace. 



22 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

was Ann, youngest daughter of William, fourth Lord Berkelc)-, 
of Stratton, to whom she was married in May 1737, and she died 
February 3d, 1738-9, in child-bed, of their only issue, 

James, who was slain at St. Cas, on the coast of France, Sep- 
tember 11th, 1758, unmarried; whereupon the estates he died 
possessed of in Hertfordshire, Surrey, Kent, &c. descended to his 
uncle. 

Second, John Cocks, of Castk-ditch, in the parish of Estnor, 
Herefordshire, Esq. which estate he possessed in right of his wife, 
Mary, sole daughter and heir of the above-mentioned Rev.Thomas 
Cocks, of Castle-ditch, to whom he was married in 1/24; he died 
June 24th, 17/1, and was buried at Estnor; she survived till 1779> 
and was interred near him. An elegant marble monument is 
erected for her, with the following inscription : 

Underneath are interred 

the Remains of Mrs. Mary Cocks, 

widow of John Cocks, Esq. 

and only child 

of the Reverend Thomas Cocks, 

late of Castle-ditch. 

She was born in January 1703, N. S. 

and departed this life 
the 4th of February, 177y, aged 76. 

She was blest by Nature 

with a contented mind, with chearfulness 

and benevolence in the highest degree; 

Qualities so amiable could not fail 

of gaining the esteem of all who knew her 

from the earliest infancy, 

and certainly no one was 

throughout life more beloved: 

Her heart was soon touched 

with the hearing of distress; and her hand as 

immediately stretched out to relieve it; 

to this part of her character, her poorer 

Neighbours can feelingly testify. 

In a dissipated and extravagant age 

she was frugal and industrious. 

And even her hands continually employed 

in some useful work. 



LORD SOMERS, o'i 

In every reJation of life 
she discharged her duty 
most exemplarily. 
There never was a better mother of children ; 
She taught them all to read herself, 
and trained them up most diligently 
in the way they should go, 
by example as well as precept. 
The chearfulness and benevolence of her 
temper, had their best stay and support^ 
in a constant and lively sense of religion. 
As she accepted every blessing of Providence 
with joy and thankfulness, 
so under every affliction she was 
intirely resigned to the divine will. 
A Christian frame of mind was so 
established in her, that she knew not, 
by her own feelings, what narrowness, 
selfishness, or any wrong affection was. 
Her countenance itself shone with the 
purest benevolence, bespeaking that a faith 
of the gospel was the principle 
firmly rooted at her heart. 

Her life was lengthened to almost 

the longest natural term, as a peculiar 

blessing to the neigbourhood, to her 

family and friends; even at last they could not 

but regret her loss, though her body was grown 

very infirm 3 but her mind still continued 

chearful, and was filled with the joyfulkst 

anticipation of the happiness she was going to. 

Few have been so exact to live the life of 

the righteous, and no one ever enjoyed 

more blessedly the supreme reward of 

dying the death of the righteous. 

This monument, in token of filial piety 

and her own most affectionate regard, 

is put up by her sorrowing daughter, 

Elizabeth Cocks, whose sole consolation 

is the firm belief, that through the mercies 

of Christ they shall be once more united 

in a better state, never to part again. 



24 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

They had issue twelve children; viz. 
First, Charles, first Lord Soramers. 
Second, Thomas, born L727, and died in 1729. 
Third, Mary, born June 1/28, t both living 1/54, 

Fourth, Elizabeth, born July 19th, 1729. j" unmarried. 
Fifth, John, A.M. Rector of Snckleigh, in Worcestershire, 
and Prebendary of Bristol, living, 1/84, unmarried. 

Sixth, Joseph, who was bred to ihe law, and had the degree 
of Barrister; he died April 4tl], 1775, leaving, by Margaret his 
■wife, daughter of John Thorniloe, of ^^■orcester, Esq. two 
daughters; Mary, wife of William Bussell, of Powyck, in Wor- 
cestershire, Esq. Barrister at law; and Margaret, 

Seventh, James, a Banker, born June 22d, 1734, and mar- 
ried' November 5th, 1772, to Martha, daughter of Charles Wat- 
son, Esq. Vice- Admiral of the Red, by whom he has issue. Of 
whom, Catherine married, November 17th, ISOO, Joseph Yorke, 
eldest surviving son of the late Bishop of Ely; Anna married her 
cousin, the Hon. and Rev. Reginald Cocks, 

Eighth, Philip, A.M. Rector of Acton, in Middlesex, and 
Prebendary of Lincoln, born February 'i/th, 1739, and died Sep- 
tember 17th, 1797> unmarried. 

Ninth, Thomas-Somers, born December 3d, 1737, and was 
in partnership with his brother, James, in a capital banking- 
house at Charing Cross; on August 29th, 1/68, he was married 
to Ann, daughter of Alexander Thistlethwayte, of Southwick 
Place, in Hampshire, Esq. and had issue. He died November 
1.5 th, 1796. 

Tenth, Richard, born in August 17-10.- 3 Barrister at law, and 
unmarried. 

Eleventh, Robert, born 17-ll,and died 1765, unmarried; and. 
Twelfth, Timothy, born 1/43, who died 1757. 
Charles, first Lord Somers, the eldest son and heir, 
was born at Castle-ditch, June 39th, 1725, to which estate, and 
several others, he succeeded on the death of his father, as also to 
the estates at Dumbleton, and elsewhere, en that branch of the 
family becoming extinct. 

He represented the borough of Ryegate in three parliaments; 
was created a Baronet of Great Britain by letters patent, dated 
September 19th, 1772; and created a Peer of Great Britain by 
patent, dated May 17th, 17S4, by the title of Lord Somers, Ba- 
ron of Evesham, in the county of If'orceiter, and the herrs-male 
of his body lawfully begotten. 



LORD SOMtRS. 25 

His Lordship was twice married; first, on August 2d, l/Sg, 
to Elizabeib, fiftii daughter of Richard Eliot, of Port Eliot, 
in the county of Cornwall, Esq. and sister to Edward, the late 
Lord Eliot; by which Lady, who died January ist, l/J], and was 
buried on the eighth of the same month at North IVIims, in Hert- 
fordshire, he had issue. 

First, John-Sommers Cocks, present Peer. 

Second, Mary-Judith, born February 2d, 1762. 

Third, Harriot-Margaret, who died young. 

Fourth, Charles-Edward, died an infant. 

Fitth, Edward-Charles, for whom an elegant monument is 
erected in Estnor church, with this inscription : 

Within this chancel 

are interred the remains of 

Edward-Charles Cocks, 

a youth of 14 years of age, 

unfortunately drowned at Westminster school, 

unfortunately for his friends, 

not for himself; 

for he was innocent and good, 

his faults and frailties trivial j 

to him, therefore, to be taken out of this world must be 

happiness. 

Through the merits of Christ Jesus, 

his Lord and Saviour, 

of whose blessed sacrament he was partaker 

the day before his death. 

To his father, and his friends who knew him, 

he was deservedly dear; 

(at school universally beloved) 

to his elder brother 

he was almost every thing that could be wished. 

His brother now erects to his memory 

this monument, 

»s a sincere testimony of his love, bis esteem, 

and his high opinion of him. 



J. SoMMERs Cock*. 



) 



•20 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

He was third son of Sir Charles Cocks, Bart, of' 

Castle-ditch, and Elizabeth, daughter of Richard 

Eliot, Esq. of Port Eliot, in the county of CornwaU. 

His mother was delivered of two sons at one birth, 

on the 23d of January l/G/, 

At Marseilles, in France, of whom the elder, 

Chakles-Ebward, died a few days after he 

lirst saw the light, and was buried at that place j 

the younger Edward-Charles 

grew as a lily in the field. 

The last day of his life in this world, 

was the 6th of August l/Sl. 

Thy will, O God! be done. 

Sixth, Harriot, born August 28th, IjGg, unmarried. 

His Lordship married. May 20th, 1/72, to his second wife, 
Anne, daughter of Reginald Pole, of Stoke, in the county of De- 
von, Esq. who took the additional surname of Carew; by Anne, 
daughter of Francis Buller, Esq. of Morval, in Cornwall j and by 
her he had issue two sons, 

Philip-James, born December 2d, 17/4; late Lieut. -Colonel 
in the First regiment of foot guards; and late M. P. for Ryegate. 
And 

Reginald, born January 14th, 1777> a"d 'lied November 19th, 
1805 ; having married, on December 21st, 1802, his cousin, Anne, 
second daughter of James Cocks, Esq. 

And one daughter 3 Anna-Maria, born March 14th, 1773; 
married, December 4th, 1797> the Rev. Philip Yorke, Prebendary 
of Ely, fourth son of the late Bishop of Ely. 

His Lordship died January 30th, I8O6, aet. 81 ; and was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest son, 

John Somers Cocks, present and second Lord Somers, who 
was born March 6th, J 760, and represented, first, Grampoundj 
and afterwards Ryegate, in parliament. 

His Lordship married, in 1785, Margaret, sole daughter and 
heir of the Rev. Dr. Treadway Nash, D. D. of Beven, near Wor- 
cester fthe Historian of WorcesterskireJ, by whom he has several 
children. 

His eldest son is Captain in the Bays, or second Regiment of 
dragoon guards; and M. P. for Ryegate. 



LORD SOMERS. 2/ 

Philip, second son, is Captain in the l6th regiment of Light 
dragoons. 

Titles. John Somers Cocks, Lord Somers, Baron of Evesham, 
and Baronet. 

Creations. Baronet, September IQth, 1772, 12 George III.; 
and Lord Somers, Baron of Evesham, in the county of Worces- 
ter, May 17th, 1784, 24 George IIL 

Arms. Sable, a chevron, Or, between three stags' scalps and 
attires, Argent. 

Crest. On a wreath, a mount proper, and thereon a stag 
lodged and reguardant, Argent. 

Supporters. On each side a lion. Ermine, gorged dancette. 
Vert. 

Motto. Prodesse aUAM conspigi. 

Chief Seats. At Castle-ditch, in the county of Hereford j at 
Dumbleton, in the county of Gloucesterj and at Ryegate, in 
Surrey. 



28 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




PARKER, LORD BORTNGDON. 



Edmund Pakkee, of North Moulton, in the county of Devon, 
Esq. of a very ancient family in that part of the kingdom (said 
to have resided at this t-eat from the latter end of the 14th century) 
by his last will and testament, bearing date May 18lh, 161I, to 
wlsich i<; annexed a codicil, dated the 11th of next month, directs 
that his body should be buried in the choir of North Molten 
church; he married Dorothy, daughter o{ Sir Clement Smith, of 
Little Raddow, in Essex, Knight, Chief Baron of the Exchequer; 
and had issue one son, John; and four daughters; Francis, living 
in l6il, unmarried; Jane, wifeof Jolm Norleigh, of Norleigh, 
in Devonshire, Esq. Elizabeth, married to Walter Harlewin, E>^q. 
and Mary, to George Drake, of Whiicombe, in Devonshire, 
Esq. 

John Parker, Esq. the only son, dit d in his father's lifetime, 
in the year I610, leaving issue by his wife, Frances, daughter 
of Jeronemy Mayhew, of Bor'nii^don, in Devonshire, Esq. three 
sons; 

First, Edmund. 

Second, Thomas, who was twenty-six years of age, when the 
visitation of Devonshire was made in l620. 

Third, John, then twenty-one years old. — Also one daughter, 
Ann, who died unmarried. 

Edmund Parker, Esq. the eldest son, becanie heir to his 
grandfather, and was twenty-seven years of age in I62O: he made 
his last will and testament, November 6th, l642, which was 
proved, November 1st, \64Q, and therein appointed to be buried 
:;t North Molton. He married Amy, youngest daughter of Sir 
Edward Seymour, of Bury Pomeroy, in the county of Devon, 



LORD BORINGDON. 29 

Baronet, ancestor to the present Dtike of Somerset ; and had issue* 
by her eight sons; 

First, Edward, w ho died in his father's lifetime unmarried- 
Second, Edmund, ivho became heir. 

Third, John, baptized, February 24th, l6l3. 

Fourth, William, born 16 15, and was living in 1(342. 

Fifth, Heniy. Sixth, Charles. Seventh, Richard, And, 
Eighth, James, all living 10'42. 

Also tive daughters J First, Elizabeth. Second, Amv, who 
was third wife to Sir John Davie, of Creedy, in Devonshire, Ba- 
ronet. Third, Dorothy. Fourih, Mary. And, F.fth, Sarah, 
were unmarried in l642. 

Edmund Parker, E^q. the eldest surviving son and heir, wns 
seven years old in 162O; he at first resided at Boringdon, where 
he enjoyed an estate which came to him from his grandmother, but 
afterwards removed to the family scat at North Molton, where he 
departed this life in October Iti^lj his will is dated, July Stli, 
1(J80, and the probate thereof October 31st, l6(jl, where he di- 
rects his body to be buried at North Molton. It does not appear 
into what family ha married; but his will cerlities," that he had 
six son?, and a daughter, all living in 16SO3 viz. 

First, George, his heir. 

Second, Edmund, who left four sons. 

Third, Edmund (father to John, Edmund, Thomas, and 
George,) 

Fourth, William. Fifth, Francis. Sixth, Charles. And, Mary, 
who were all living in 1/25, as appears by the mariiage settlement 
of John Parker, hereafter mentioned. 

George Parker, of Boringdon, Esq. the eldest son and heir, 
married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Fowell, of Fowelis- 
combe, in Devonshire, Baronet, but she dying in 1691, without 
issue, 

He, secondly, married Ann^ daughter of John Buller, of 
Morval, in the county of Cornwall, Esq. by whom he had three 
sonsj 

First, Edmund, who died before 1725, unmarried. 

Second, John, who became heir. 

Third, Francis, of Blagdon, in Devonshire, Esq. who left 

* From a branch of the Parker?, ofB^ringJon, vva; t'escended Thomas P-;r- 
ker, of Hoberton, co. Dev. whose sixth son, Hugh, Alderman of Londcn, was 
created a Baronet, 1681, with remainder to his nephew, H.'nry. Fra.-n him come 
rhe Baronets 0? Lang Melfo;d, :n Sutf. ivA the lat- Adn.iral Sir Hvd( Parker. 



30 TEEUAGE OF ENGr.AND, 

three daughters; First, , married to John Baring, of JRadford, 

in Devonshire, Esq. Second, Elizabeth, first married to Thomas 
Baring, of Larkbeer;^ and, secondly, to William Spicer, of "Ware, 

near Exeter, in Devonshire, Esq. And , to John Fryer, of 

Exeter. He died 1743. 

John Parker, Esq. the eldest surviving son and heir, succeeded 
to the family estate on the death of his father in 1743. On June 
26th, 1725, he was married to Lady Charlotte Poulett, second 
daughter of John, Earl Poulett, with whom he had 60OOI. for- 
tune, and his father gave him 6OOOI. to purchase lands, as appears 
by the marriage settlement, bearing date the 11th of the same 
month. He died, April 1 8th, 176S, his Lady, on August l6th, 
1758, and were buried at Plimpton Mary, in the county of Devon; 
they had three sons, and three daughters; viz. 

First, George, who died an infant. Second, John, first Lord 
Boringdon. 

Third, Montague-Edmund Parker, of Whiteway, in the pa- 
rish of ChiJleigh, married Charity, daughter of Paul Ourey, Esq. 
and has two sons, Montagu and Francis. 

Henrietta, the eldest daughter, died unmarried, 1808; Catha- 
rine, married to Henry Lambert, of Hope End, in the county of 
Hereford, Esq.; and Bridget, to Redmond Kelly, of Isleworth, 
in Middlesex, Esq. Lieutenant-Colonel of the East Devonshire 
militia; and had issue by him (who died 179S) ; First, Ellen-King. 
Second, Susan-Barbara. Third, Lieutenant-Colonel John Francis 
Kelly, of the first Foot-guards. Fourth, Montagu-Henry, in the 
Navy. Fifth, Hinton. 

John, first Lord Boringdon, the eldest surviving son and 
heir, represented the county of Devon in several parliaments, and 
was advanced to the Peerage, by letters patent, dated May ISth, 
178-1, by the title of Baron Boringdon, of Boringdon, in the 
county of Devon, and to the heirs-male of his body lawfully be- 
gotten . 

His Lordship's first wife was Frances, daughter of Josiah Hort, 
D. D. Archbishop of Tuam, in Ireland, and sister to Sir John 
Hort, Baronet; they were married in December 1763, and she 
died without issue, in 170"-!. 

His second Lady, to whom he was married, May 18th, Ijdg, 
was Theresa, daughter of Thomas Robinson, Lord Grantham (and 
sister to Thomas, the late Lord); she died December 2Jst, 1775, 

■? By vvho.-ii she was mother of the present Sir Francis Baring, B^rt. &c. 



LORD BORINGDON. 31 

and was buried at Plimpton Mary, in Devonshire, leaving issue 
one son, 

John, born May 3d, 1772. 

And a daughter, Theresa, born September 22d, 17/5, married 
April i7th, 1798, the Hon. George Villiers, M. P. youngest bro- 
ther of the Earl of Clarendon. 

A few days after her birth, her mother " received a stroke of 
the palsy, of which she appeared recovering; bat receiving a se- - 
cond stroke, and soon after that a third, it put an end to the life 
of one of the most valuable of women. 

" Her amiable disposition, her softness and gentleness of man- 
ners, endeared her to every one that had the happiness of know- 
ing her. Her whole pleasure and ambition were centered in a 
consciousness of properly discharging all the duties of a wife, a 
mother, and a sister; and she neither sought for, nor expected 
fame out of her own house. As she made no ostentation of her 
virtues, she excited no envy; but, if there had existed so depraved 
a being as to wish to wound so fair a character, the most artful 
malignity must have searched in vain for a weak part. 

" Her virtues Avere uniform, quiet, and habitual : they were 
not occasionally put on; she wore them continually; they seemed 
to grow to her, and be a part of herself; and it seemed to be im- 
possible for her to lay them aside, or be other than what she 
was. 

" Her person was eminently beautiful; but the expression of 
her countenance was far above all beauty that proceeds from re- 
gularity of features only. The gentleness and benevolence of her 
disposition were so naturally impressed on every look and motion, 
that, without any affected effort or assumed courtesy, she was sure 
to make every one her friend that had ever spoke to her, or even 
seen her. 

" In so exalted a character, it is scarce worth mentioning her 
skill and exact judgment in the polite arts. She seemed to pos- 
sess by a kind of intuition, that propriety of taste and right think- 
ing, which others but imperfectly acquire by long labour and 
application."'^ 

His Lordship died April 27th, 1788, and was succeeded by his 
only son, 

John, present and second Lord Borinqdon, who married, 
first, June 20ih, 1804, Lady Augusta Fane, second daughter of 
John, Earl of Westmorland; by whom he had issue, 

^ This charactsx is said to have been written by Sir Joshua Reynolds. 



32 PEERAGK OF ENGLAND. 

Henry- Villiers, born May 28th, 1808. 

This mariage was dissolved by act of parliament, February l4tb, 

IBOp. 

His Lordship is re-married to Miss Talbot. 

Title. John Parker, Baron Boringdon. 

Creation. Baron Boringdon, of Boringdon, in the county of 
Devon, by patent May 18th, 1/84, 24 George IIL 

Arms. Sable, a stag's head cabossed, between two flaunches,. 
Argent. 

Crest. On a wreath, an arm erect, vested Azure, cuff Argent, 
hand holding an attire of a stag, proper. 

Supporters. Dexter, a stag. Argent, sinister, a greyhound 
reguardant. Sable, each collared. Or, and thereto antique shields 
appendant. Gules, that on the dexter charged with an horse's 
head coupt. Argent, bridled, Or; the sinister with a ducal coro- 
net. Or. 

Motto. Fidelia certa merges. 

Seats. At Boringdon and Saltram, in the county of Devon. 



LOED BERWICK. 



53 




HILL, LORD BERWICK. 

The name of the male lirie of this family was Harwood. The 
late Peer's father assumed the name of Hill, in right of his 
mother, who was sister to Dr. Richard Hill. 

It appears by the visitation of Shropshire, made in the year 
1623,^ that the name of this ancient family was originally 
written Hull, from their residence at a place so called in Shrop- 
shire. 

Hugh Huil, of Hull, was living temp. Edw. II. and mar- 
ried Eleanor, daughter and coheir of Hugh de Wlonkeslow, of 
Wlonkeslow in Shropshire, whereby he became possessed of that 
estate, and was father to 

William Hull, of Hull and IFlonheslow, Esq. who flourished 
in the reign of Richard II. and was succeeded by his son 

Griffith (or GeofFry, as in the Baronetage) living temp. 
Hen. IV. and had issue by his wife Margaret, sister of Griffith 
Warren, Lord of Ighttield, in com. Salop, Esq. a son and heir, 

Humphry, who was commonly called Hill (as his descend- 
ants have since been). He resided at Buntingdale, and married 
Agnes, or Ann, daughter and coheir of John Bird, of Charlton, 
(niece and heir of David de Malpas) by whom he had three sons 
and four daughters. 

First, William, ancestor to the Hills, of Hill- Court, in Skrop' 
shire. 

Second, Ralph, of whom presently. 

Third, Thomas, seated at Malpas and Hodnet, who, by Mar- 



* The original in the Heralds Office, not C. 20. 

VOL. VI IT. D 



34 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND; 

garet, daughter of Thomas Wilbraham, ofWoodhayj in Cheshire^ 
was father to Sk Kowland Hill, Knight, Lord Mayor of London, 
4 Edward VI. j William, parson of Stoke, in Shropshire j and 
four daughters, ^ who at length became coheirs to their brother 
Sir Rowland. 

The daughters of Humphry were ; Beatrix, wife of William 
Bromley; Catherine, married to Thomas Needham 3 Elizabeth, 
married to Thomas Lemans, and Joan, to Thomas Gaywood. 

Ralph Hill, the second son of Humphry, married 

daughter of Thomas Greene, of Greene's Norton, Esq. by whom 
he was father of 

William Hill, of B/echley , in Shropshire, who married Eliza- 
beth^ daughter of William Boslock, of Say, and had by her three 
sons. 

First, William, who by Catherine, his wife, daughter of Tho- 
mas Bulkeley, of Ovre, in Shropshire, Esq. became ancestor to the 
Hills of Bleckley and Soulton, 

Second, Humphry, ancestor to Lord Berwick. 

Third, Rowland, married to Margaret, daughter of William 
Forster. 

Humphry Hill, ^ecowc? son of William, was seated at Bleckley 

and Soulton, in Shropshire, and by Alice, daughter of 

Bulkeley, of Stanlow, had issue live sons. 

First, Rowland, of ivkom presently . 

Second, William, died young. 

Third, Robert, of Adderly, who left issue, Humphry. 

Fourth, John^ who died young. 

Fifth, Thomas, married to Elizabeth, daughter of ... . Dancy, 
of Lancashire, and left no issue. 

Also four daughters, Mary, Jane, Catheruie, and Dorothy. 

Rowland Hill, the eldest son and heir, was living at Hawke- 
stone, in Shropshire, anno 1502: he married Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Dycher, of Muckleton, in Shropshire, Esq. and had by 
her two daughters, Mary, married to Thomas Salisbury, of Flint- 
shire ; and Elizabeth, to Thomas Braddock, of Kayhowell 3 and 
one son, 

Rowland Hill, of Haivkstone, Esq. who died in 1644. «^ His 
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas JoUey, '^ of Buglawton, 

b Whence came the noble family of Leigh, of Stoneleigh, com. Warw. &c. 
c Visit of Sh'.opshire, 1663, in the Heralds Office, C. 35. 
" Shaw says, «« daughter of William JoUiffe, of Leke, com- Staff.'' Hist^ 
Staff, vol. ii. p 44. 



LORD BERWICK. 35 

in Cheshire, Esq. by whom he was father of six sons, and as 
many daughters : the sons were. 

First, Rowland, his heir. 

Second, Humphry. 
■ Third, Thomas. 11424^9 

Fourth, James. 

Fifth, John; who all died without issue; and. 

Sixth, Another John. 

The daughters were ; first, Jane, wife of Thomas PItchford, 
of Lee, in Shropshire; second, Anne, unmarried; third, Sarah, 
wife of John Cotingham, rector of Halstead, in Kent ; fourth, 
Elizabeth, married to Richard Taylor, of Sherington, in Shropshire ; 
fifth, Abigal, wedded to John Colt, of London ; and, sixth, Mary, 
unmarried. 

Rowland Hill, of Hawkstone, Esq. the eldest son and heir, 
was thirty-nine years of age at the time of the visitation of Shrop- 
shire, in 1663, and remarkable for his great piety, charity and 
wisdom ; he suffered very much by the rebels in the beginning of 
the civil wars of King Charles I. by coming to the relief of his 
father, whom they had detained prisoner in the castle near Hawk- 
stone. He married Margaret, daughter of Richard Whitehall, of 
Duddington, •= in Shropshire, Esq. and had issue seven sons and 

seven daughters, of whom one was wife of Barbour, Esq, 

descended from a good family at Flashenbrook, com. Staff, and 
had by her a son Samuel, who took the name of Hill. Margaret, 
another daughter, married Thomas Harwood, Esq. and had a son 
Thomas, hereafter mentioned, who took the name of Hill also. 

First, Rowland, the eldest son, died unmarried. 

Second, Richard, the second son, entered into holy orders, and 
had afterwards the degree of LL. D. conferred upon him. He 
was, in the time of King William, envoy extraordinary to the 
court of Brussels ; as also in that reign, and Queen Anne's, to the 
courts of Turin, and of all the other Italian princes, except the 
Roman Pontiff. In King William's reign, he was paymaster of 
his Majesty's armies in Flanders, where, by his remarkably punc- 
tual and just dealings, he acquired so great credit, as to be able 
by it to subsist the armies there when remittances carae too slow 
for that purpose from England ; which great service gained him 
the favour of the King his master, who, soon after the conclusion 
of the peace, appointed him to be one of the lords commissioners 
for executing the high office of Lord High Treasurer of England. 

* Or " Whitchurch." Shaw, 



36 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

His merit also recommended him to the favour of Queen AnnC;, 
who, soon after her accession to the throne, appointed him one of 
the council to his Highness, George Prince of Denmark, as Lord 
High Admiral of England; and, in 1705, sent him to the Duke 
of Savoy, a Prince remarkable for his politics, with whom he suc- 
ceeded so well as to bring him into the grand alliance. 

In the reign of King George I. he retired from civil employ- 
ments, and became fellow of Eton College, which fellowship he 
held till the time of his death. 

He was a statesman of great abilities and eminent integrity, a 
man of general knowledge, and remarkable for his extraordinary 
fine address and good breeding. He added much to his own pri- 
vate estate and fortune, which was of itself considerable, great 
part of which he gave among his relations in his lifetime, and the 
rest at his death ; he augmented many poor livings, and was a 
considerable benefactor to St, John's College, Cambridge (where 
he received his education), and an ornament to that society; he 
left it five rectories, viz. Ditchingham, South and North Lophani 
united, the two Forncets ditto, Sturston, and Aldborough ; his heir 
to present, but always a fellow of that college. He subscribed 
largely to public works of charity, and did a great many private 
ones, in a wise and well-chosen manner. A few months before his 
death, by the favour of his Majesty King George I. he obtained 
for his family the dignity of a Baronet of Great Britain, in the per- 
son of his nephew and heir at law, Rowland Hill, of Hawkstone, 
Esq. to him and the heirs male of his body ; in default of such, to 
his nephew, Samuel Hill, ^ of Shenston Park, in Staffordshire, 
Esq. and the heirs male of his body ; in default of such, to his 
nephew, Thomas Hill, of Tern Hall, in Shropshire, Esq. and the 
heirs male of his body; and in default of such, to his nephew the 
Rev. Mr. Rowland Hill, s rector of Forncett, in Norfolk, and the 
heirs male of his body; which title of Baronet is now enjoyed by 
Sir John Hill, of Hawkstone. This eminent person departed 

f The son of a sister already mentioned by Barbour, Esq. who had 

by her a daughter Elizabeth, wife of John Egerton, Esq of Tatton park, in 
Cheshire; and the above Samuel, his son and heir, who took the name of 
Hi l l, and was seated at Shcnstone Park near Lichfield, where he died Feb. 
aist, 1758, aged sixty-seven, without issue by his only wife Lady Elizabeth 
Stanhope, second daughter of Philip, Earl of Chesterfield, who died Nov. 
24th, 1727, aged twenty-four. Mr Samuel Hill left all the unentailed part 
of his property to his nephew and godson, Samuel Egerton, Esq. of Tatton 
park, Cheshire. See vol. iii. p. 200; and Shaw's Staff", vol. ii. p. 45, 
g Second son of Thomsis Harwood by Margaret Hill. 



LORD BERWICK. 37 

this life, unmarried, at Richmond, in Surry, June 1 1th, \'J1T, in 
the seventy-third year of his age, and was buried at Hodnct, in 
Shropshire 

Margaret Hill, the sister, who married Thomas Harwood, 
Esq." had issue by him two sons and two daughters; viz. first, 
Thomas ; second, Rowland, rector of Forncet in Norfolk, who 
died unmarried; third, Martha, wife of William Gough. Esq. of 
Old Fallings; and, fourth^ AnnCj wife of John Kynaston, of 
Hordley, Esq. 

Thomas Hill, Esq. of Tern-hall, eldest son, assumed the 
name of Hill, on succeeding to part of his uncle's fortune. He 
was many years representative in parliament for the town of 
Shrewsbury, and dying in June, 1/82, aged about ninety, was 
buried at Attingham, in Shropshire. 

His first wife, was .... daughter of Sir Littleton Powis, Knt. 
judge of the Common Pleas, (who died March l6"th, 1/32) by 
whom he had issue Thomas, who died young; a daughter mar- 
ried to Burton, Esq. of Longnore, near Shrewsbury, who 

had issue by her; and Margaret, married to Bennet Sherard, Earl 
of Harborough. 

He married, secondly, Susannah Maria, eldest of the four 
daughters and coheirs of William Noel, Esq. a judge of the 
Common Pleas, and by her, who died February 14th, 1760, aged 
forty-one, and was buried at Attingham, he had two sons; 

First, Noel, first Lord Berwick. 

Second, Samuel, who died unmarried. 

Also, two daughters ; Maria, first married to Sir Brian Brough- 
ton Delves; of Broughton com. StaflT. Baronet ; secondly, to Henry 
Errington, of Sandoe, in com. Northumb. Esq. ; and Susanna, 
who died unmarried. 

Noel Hill, first Lord Berwick, represented the county of 
Salop in three parliaments, and was colonel of militia of the same 
county; on May 19th, 1/84, he was by patent advanced to the 
dignity of a Peer of Great Britain, by the style and title of Baron 
Berwick, of Attingham, in Shropshire^ and to the heirs male of 
his body. 

His Lordship married, November l/thj 1768, Anna, second 
daughter of Henry Vernon, of Hilton, in com. Stafford, Esq. by 
whom he had issue three sons. 

" This Thomas Harwood was a younger son of John Harwood, a consi- 
derable tobacco and sugar merchant in London, temp Car. H. whose eldeat 
sonj John, was LL. D. 



S8 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Firstj Thomas Noel, the present Lord, 

Second, William, M. P, for Shrewsbury, envoy extraordinary 
and minister plenipotentiary to the court of Sardinia. 

Third, Richard, in holy orders, rector of Thornton, in Che- 
shire, and Berrington, in Shropshire 5 married, in October, 1800, 
Frances, daughter of the late William Mostyn Owen, Esq. and 
has Richard Noel, and other issue. 

Fourth, Henrietta Maria, married, April 10th, 1703, Charles, 
Lord Bruce, only son of Thomas Bruce Brudenell, Earl of Ayles- 
bury, K. T. 

Fifth, Anne; and. 

Sixth, Amelia Louisa. 

His Lordship died in January, 1789, and was succeeded by 
his eldest son, 

Thomas Noel, the present and second Lord Bekwick, 
who was born October 21st, 17/0. 

Title. Thomas Noel Hill, Baron Berwick, of Attingham, in 
Shropshire. 

Creations. Baron Berwick, of Attingham, May ipth^ ^7^'^} 
24 Geo. in. 

Arms. Ermine, on a fess Sable, a castle, triple towered pro- 
per j in a canton. Gules, a martlet. Or. 

Crest. On a wreath the upper half of a tower. Argent, with 
a fawn trippant on the battlements, proper, collared and lined. 
Or. 

Supporters. Dexter a Pegasus, Argent, plain, collared, sable, 
and thereon a martlet. Or ; sinister a stag, proper, collared as the 
dexter, and thereon a leopard's face, Or. 

Motto. Qui uti scit ei bona. 

Chief Seat. At Tern park, in Shropshire. '' 

" Shenstone park, in Staffordshire, was sold in January, 1797, to 

Gfove, Esq. 



LORD SHERBORNE, 



39 




DUTTON, LORD SHERBORNE. 

This ancient family is denominated from the town of Duttofi, in 
Cheshire 5 for Odard, being seated there in the Conqueror's time, 
is posterity were surnamed de Button, from the place of their 
residence. 

Sir Peter Leycester, in his Historical Antiquities of Cheshire, 
has given us the pedigree of the Z)«i/o?2s of Button, which, he 
says, is faithfully collected from the evidences of that family, and 
other good records and deeds ; and is as followeth. ^ 

Odard, or UoARD, sometimes also written Hodard and 
Hudard, came to England with William the Conqueror, and 
seated himself at Button; a good part whereof Hugh Lupus, Earl 
of Chester, gave unto him, as appears by Doomsday-book. 

The ancient roll of the Barons of Halton saith, that with Hugh, 
Earl of Chester, came one Nigell, a nobleman ; and with Nigell 
came five brethren, to wit, Hudard, Edard, Wolmere, Horswyne, 
and Wolfaith, a priest, to whom Nigell gave the church of Run- 
corne ; and unto Hudard the same Nigell gave Weston, and 
Great Aston (now divided into two townships, Aston Grange, 
and Aston juxta Sutton), pro uno Feodo Militis : and from this 
Hudard came all the Duttons.'^ And, in the record of Dooms- 
day, Odard held Aston, under William Fitz-Nigell, Baron of 
Halton J and also Odard and Brictric held Weston, under the said 
William, anno Dom. 1086. Whether those five brethren afore- 



» Leycester's Cheshire, p. 249, and the following pageSi from whence 
this account is taken, till we come to the Sherborne branch. 
t> Monast.Ang. pars 2, 187, 



40 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

named were brethren to Nigell, is a doubt 3 for then^ njcthinks, 
he should have said, Quinque fratres sui : whereas he says only. 
Cum isto Nigello venerunt quinque Fratres^ '^ and so names 
them. 

This Hudard's, or Odard's sword, was in 1 665, " in the cus- 
tody of the Lady Elinour, Viscountess Kilmorey, sole daughter 
and heir of Thomas Button, late of Button, Esq. deceased ; which 
sword hath for many ages past been preserved, and passed over 
from heir to heir (like Agamemnon's scepter), as an heirloom, 
by the name of Hudard's sword 3 and so at this day it is by tra- 
dition received and called." 

Hugh, son of Hodard, had those lands which he held in capite, 
or immediately of the Earl of Chester, confirmed unto him by 
Randle the second, surnamed de Gernoniis, Earl of Chester, 
about the latter end of Henry I. These lands, I conceive, were 
those which he held in Button. 

Hugh de Button, son of Hugh, son of Hodard, had the lands 
which his father Hugh held of the Baron of Halton, confirmed 
unto him by William, son of Nigell, constable to Handle the 
second, and by William, his son, on that day when the said Wil- 
liam, the father, and William, the son, did visit Hugh, the son of 
Hodard, on his death-bed at Kekwick 3 at which time Hugh, the 
son of Hodard, gave unto William, the father, his coat of mail 
and his charging horse} and Hugh, the son of that Hugh, gave 
unto William, the son, a palfrey, and a sparrow-hawk. This was 
about the end of the reign of King Henry L 

The lands here confirmed I conceive to be Weston and Kek- 
wick, and perhaps some others. 

This Hugh de Button had issue. 

First, Hugh Button, son and heir. 

Second, Adam de Button, another son, from whom the Whr- 
lurtons of Arley are descended. 

Third, GefFery de Button, another son, from whom the Buttons 
of Chedill, in this county, were propagated^ who assumed thesur- 



c Though Sir Peter Leycester, in this place, makes it a question, whether 
these five brethren, that attended Nigell, were his brothers; because the re- 
cord does not say, with him (Nigellj came hh five brothers, but with him 
came five brothers ; but this doubt Sir Peter himself solves, in page 351, of 
his Antiquities of Cheshire; where, speaking of the antiquity of the church 
of Runcorne, he says, " We read in an ancient roll, that Nigell, Baron of 
Halton, gave the church of Runcorne to Wolfaith, a priest, his brother, in 
the reign of the Conqueror." 



LORD SHERBORNE. 41 

name of Chedill, and continued to the reign of Edward III. till 
Sir Roger de Chedill (the last of that family) dying 1 Edw. III. 
1327, left his inheritance to be shared by his two daughters and 
heirs^ Clemence and Agnes : and out of that family de Chedill, 
branched Hamon Button, under Edward I. younger son to Sir 
Geffrey Button, of Chedill, to whom his father gave Ashley, ]3 
Edw. I. 1285, which he purchased for him. The posterity of this 
Hamon assumed the surname oi Ashley, from the place of their 
residence^ as was the manner of those ages j which family of the 
Ashleys, of Ashley, continued to the end of Henry VIII. about 
which time Thomasin, daughter and heir of George Ashley, of 
Ashley, Esq. brought that inheritance to Richard Erereton, of 
Lee-Hall, not far from Middlewich, by marriage, who was a 
younger son of Sir William Brereton, of Brereton, in this county ; 
in which name of Brereton, of Ashley, it continued but four 
descents, and was divided among the three sisters of Thomas 
Erereton (the last Brereton, of Ashley) and their heirs^ anno 
Bom. l60l. 

Hugh Button, of Button, son of Hugh, married , 

daughter of Hamon Massy, Baron of Bunham Massy, res[nante 
Henrico secundo : with whom her father gave in free marriaoe 
lands in Suttersby, in Lindsey in Lincolnshire, and had issue'' 
Hugh Button, eldest son, Thomas Button, John Button, and 
Adam Button. He purchased Little Moldesworth, for 50 mark<?, 
from Robert son of Matthew de Moldesworth, about 1250. 
Also Alice, wife of William Boydell, of Bedeston. 

This Hugh Button bought Preston, nigh Button, of Henry de 
Nuers, and Julian, his wife, reddendo octo solidos annuatim, ad. 
festum Sancti Martini: which Randle Blundevill, Earl of Chester, 
confirmed, about the reign of King John. He purchased also 
the town of Little Legh, in fee farm, from Simon, son of Osberne, 
rendering the yearly rent of two marks of silver at the feast of St. 
Martin ; which rent is yet paid by his heirs to the Earl of Berby, 
as of his manor of Harden, anno Bom. iQQQ. And Roger Lacy, 
constable of Cheshire, and Baron of Halton, acquitted this Hugh 
Button de jvdice de Legha, that is, of finding a judger to serve at 
Halton, for Little Legh yearly, about the reign of Richard I. or 

<* J do conceive here was another Hugh Button, son and heir of this 
Hugh, who married Muriel, daughter of Thomas le Despenser, and he had 
issue, Hugh, Thomas, John, and Adam, as there followeth. And, if io, 
some of these acts may belong to that Hugh, whicli are ascribed to this 
Hugh. 



42 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

beginning of King John's reign. He purchased also the moiety 
of Barnton from William, son of Henry, son of Serlo, which Ro- 
bert de Mesnilwarin held. 

He had also the magistracy, or rule and authority, over all the 
letchers and whores of all Cheshire, granted unto him and his 
heirs by John, constable of Cheshire, and Baron of Halton, as 
freely as the said John held the same of the Earl of Chester j 
saving the right of the said John to him and his heirs ; which are 
the very words of the deed, only rendered by me in English: so 
that he holds it, as it were, under the Baron of Halton, who re- 
serves his own right by a special reservation. 

This privilege, over such loose persons, was granted, first, unto 
Roger Lacy, constable of Cheshire, under Richard I. by Randle, 
surnamed Blundevill, Earl of Chester, in memory of his good ser- 
vice done to the Earl, in raising the siege of the Welshmen, who 
had beset the Earl in his castle of Rothelent, in Flintshire : for, 
the constable having got a promiscuous rabble of such like per- 
sons together, and marching towards the said castle, the Welsh 
(supposing a great army to be coming) raised their siege, and 
fled ; so saith the ancient roll of the Barons of Halton : this roll 
saith, that rabble consisted of players, tiddlers, and shoemakers. 
The deed here toucheth letchers and whores 3 the privilege and 
custom used at this day by the heirs of Dutton, over the min- 
strelsie and common tiddlers 3 none being suffered to play in this 
country without the licence of the Lord of Dutton, who keeps a 
court at Chester, yearly, on Midsummer day, for the same, where 
all the licenced minstrels of Cheshire do appear, and renew their 
licences : so that the custom seems to have been altered to the 
fiddlers, as necessary attendants on revellers in bawdy-houses and 
taverns. 

And it is to be observed, that those minstrels, which are li- 
cenced by the heirs of Dutton, of Dutton, within the county pala- 
tine of Chester, or the county of the city of Chester, according to 
their ancient custom, are exempted out of the statute of rogues, * 



= In the reign of Hen. VII. a quo warranto was brought against Law- 
rence Dutton, of Dutton, Esq. to shew why he claimed all the minstrels of 
Cheshire, and in the city of Chester, to meet before him at Chester, yearly, 
on the feast of St. John the Baptist, and then and there to give him four 
bottles of wine and a lance j and also every minstrel to pay him four-pence 
halfpenny; and every whore, following her calling, to pay him four-pence : 
to which he pleaded prescription. 



LORD SHERBORNE. 43 

39 Eliz. cap. 4. which proviso hath been continued in every 
statute since concerning vagabonds. ^ 

Hugh Button, of Button, son and heir of Hugh, lived 1234, 
18 Hen. III. He purchased from Richard de Aston, son of Gil- 
bert de Aston, six bovates of land, in Aston juxta Button, in the 
beginning of the reign of Henry III. which land belongs to Button 
Bemain at this day (166(5). He also built Poosey chapel, about 
20 K. Hen. III. ]236, which undoubtedly stood upon part of that 
land bought from Aston 3 for that chapel is in Runcorne parish. 
This Hugh gave to John, his brother, the third part of all the 
town of Bolinton, in Maxfield hundred, which Thomas le Be- 
spenser gave in free marriage Hi/goni patri meo cum Muricla 
matre mea:^ which deed was made about the year of Christ 
J234- 

This Hugh de Button died without issue ; and Thomas, his 
brother, succeeded heir. 

Sir Thomas Button, of Button, brother and heir to Hugh, 
lived anno Bom. 124(), 33 Hen. III. and l2dS, 53 Hen. III. He 
purchased Clatterwigge, a hamlet in Little Legh juxta Barlerton, 
from Hugh de Clatterwigge, about 1244, 2Q Hen. III. 

He built the chapel at the manor house of Button^ towards 
the end of Henry Ill's reign. 

He married Philippa, daughter and heir of Vivian de Sandon, 
or Standon, by whom he had lands in Staffordshire; and had issue 
Hugh Button, son and heir ; Thomas, another son, to whom his 
father gave Great Rownall, and Little Rownall, in Staffordshire, 
by the consent of Philippa, his wife : but I conceive this younger 
son Thomas died without issue, because I find Philippa, in her 
widowhood, granting these two manors of Rownall to Sir Robert 
Button, her other son, and to Agnes, his wife, daughter of Wil- 
liam de Mere, in Staffordshire : Margaret, a daughter, married 
William Venables, son and heir of Roger Venables, of Kinderton, 
38 Hen. III. 1253 5 and Catherine, married John, son of Vrian dc 
Sancto Petro. So I find in an old pedigree. 

This Sir Thomas was sheriff of Cheshire 1268, 53 Hen. HI. 
He died in the beginning of the reign of Edw. I. 

Philippa was living, a widow, 12gO and I294. 

Sir Hugh Button, of Button, Knight, son and heir of Sir 



f See Lysons's Magn. Brit, volii p. 527. Cheshire, p. 523. 
e The original penes Downes of Shrigley, 1654. 



44 ■ PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Thomas, bouad himself to the Abbot of Vale-Royal, to make a 
foot-bridge at Acton, and to find a boat and ferry-man at Acton 
Ford, about 12S6j the same is now made a county bridge. He 
also was bound to William Gerard, his 'squire, i?i una. robd 
armigerorum annuatim ad totam vitam suajn ad festum natalis 
Domini, 13 Edw. I. 1285. He purchased Barterton, and married 
Joan, daughter of Sir Vrian de Sancto Petro, vulgo Sampier; (I 
have no authority for this, but an old pedigree;) and had issue 
Hugh Button, son and heir; and William Button, who married 
Maud, daughter and coheir to Sir Richard Stockport, of Stock- 
port, 1305 ; which William, with others, was indicted 35 Edw. 1. 
for taking away the said Maud, by force, from Bunham Massy, 
being then in the custody of Hamon Massy; whom they took out 
of her chamber into the court, stripping her of all her clothes, 
save her smock, saith the record j Robert Button, parson of Ec- 
cleston, 1320: also Margaret, a daughter. 

This Sir Hugh died 22 Edw. I. 12^4 ; Joan, his lady, survived^ 
she was living IIQS. 

Sir Hugh Button, of Button, Knight, son and heir of Sir 
Hugh, born the eighth day of Becember, 5 Edw. I. 1 2/6, at 
Btitton, and baptized at Great Budworth the day following : he 
sued the prior of Norton, before Adam Burum and Nicholas 
Gruchundelee, commissaries of the Bishop of Litchfield and Co- 
ventry, at the visitation of the arch-deanery of Chester, anno 
Bom. 1315, for not finding a chaplain and lamp at Poosey chapel, 
according to the original grant, which he there produced : and 
John Olton, then prior, confessed the same, and was ordered to 
find them : this priory was of the order of St. Augustine. 

He married Joan, daughter of Sir Robert Holland, of Holland, 
in Lancashire, and had issue Thomas Button, son and heir ; Wil- 
liam, parson of Thornton, 22 Edw. IIL ; Getfrey Button, another 
son ; and Robert Button, another son. 

This Sir Hugh was made steward of Halton, 24th Becember, 
20 Edwad II. and died 1 Edward IIL 1326, at the age of fifty 
years. 

Joan, his widow, afterwards married Edmund Talbot, of Ba- 
shall ; and after, to Sir John Ratcliff", of Urdeshall, in Lancashire, 
living 1 1 Edw. III. and 20 Edw. HI. 

Sir Thomas Button, of Button, Knight, son and heir of Sir 
ilugh and Joan, was fifteen years old on Whitsunday, 1329, 
3 Edw. III. He purchased those lands in Button which for- 



I 



LORD SHERBORNE. 45 

merly belonged to Halton fee ; and also those lands in Button 
which formerly belonged to Boydell, of Dodleston ; and so made 
the township of Dutton entirely his own. 

This Thomas was made seneschal, governor, and receiver of 
the castle and honour of Halton, in Cheshire, by William Clin- 
ton, Earl of Huntington ; and also of all his lands and manors in 
Cheshire and Lancashire, quamdiu lene se gesserit, which the Earl 
farmed unto him for four hundred and forty marks yearly, dated 
at Maxstock, 19 Edw. IIL 

It seems he was indicted, for that he and others came with 
armed power (when King Edward IIL was out of England) 
within the verge of the lodgings of Lionell, the King's son. Pro- 
tector of England, and assaulted the manor of Geaumes, nigh 
Reading, in Wiltshire, and there slew Michael Poynings, the 
uncle, and Thomas le Clarke, of Shipton, and others, and com- 
mitted a rape on Margery, the wife of one Nicholas de la Beche, 
for which the King pardoned him; and he found Sir Bernard 
Brocas, Sir Hugh Berewyk, Philip Durdanyt, and John Haydoke, 
his sureties in the Chancery, for his good abearing, 26 Edw. IIL 

He was, by several commissions, employed for the apprehend- 
ing of certain malefactors, robbers, and disturbers of the peace in 
this county. One is directed unto him by the name of Thomas 
Dutton, Equitator in Foresta de Mara, and to Richard Done, 
forester of the same forest, 14 Edw. III. 

Anno Domini 13/9, 3 Richard 11. William Eltonhed, prior of 
the hermit friars, of the order of St. Augustine, at Warrington, in 
Lancashire, and the convent there, granted to Sir Thomas Dutton, 
Knight, a perpetual chantry ; to wit, that a sufficient friar, of the 
convent of Warrington, shall be especially elected to pray for the 
salvation of Sir Thomas, his children, and of Philippa, his wife, 
and her parents j and for the soul of Dame Ellen, late wife of the 
said Sir Thomas, their children and parents, when they shall die, 
at the great altar of their chuich yearly for everj and that their 
names be written down in their Martyrologyj whereunto the 
prior and convent were bound, under a penalty of three shillino-s 
and four-pence, to be levied by the provincial prior upon omission 
of such form of service ; and if for a week or a fortnight it were 
omitted, then must they double the time omitted in manner afore- 
said : if neglected for six months, then upon pain of suspension : 
if for a year, then upon excommunication, until the time omitted 
be made up : whereunto are witnesses, Thomas, abbot of St, Wer- 



4(5 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

burge, of Chester ; Stephen^ abbot of Vale Royal ; Richard, prior 
of Norton J and Roger, prior of Berkenhed. This was confirmed 
by Henry de Towesdale, provincial prior of the hermit friars, of 
the order of St. Augustine, in England, with a special injunction, 
that the said persons be yearly twice commemorated before the 
whole convent ; once, at the first entrance of the prior of War- 
rington into the convocation house, yearly ; the other time, on 
the election day of a fellow prior for a provincial convocation. 
Dated at Warrington, on Sunday, next after the feast of St. 
Martin, anno supradlcto. 

This Sir Thomas sealed usually with his coat of arms and 
crest, to wit, quarterly, a fret in the second a?id third; over which, 
upon the dexter angle of the escutcheon, a helmet, and thereon a 
plume of feathers. 

Anno Domini 1344, Robert Monning, of Tatenhale, grants to 
Thomas de Dutton, and his heirs, all the magistracy of the min- 
strels, cum omnibus pertinenliis, prout in Charta originali plenius 
continetur. I conceive he was but a feoffee. 

This Thomas was sheriff of Cheshire 30 and 33 Edward III. 
and was a knight 35 Edward III. He died 1381, aged sixty- 
three. He married two wives : the first was Ellen, one of the 
daughters and heirs of Sir Peter Thornton, of Thornton, the eldest 
daughter, by whom he had issue. 

First, Sir Peter Dutton, who died without issue 35 Ed. II F. 

Second, Thomas Dutton, another son, died also without 
issue. 

Third, Sir Lawrence Dutton succeeded heir to his father. 

Fourth, Edmund Dutton, another son, was ancestor to the 
Diattons, of Sherborne, of whom we are to treat. 

Fifth, Henry Dutton, fifth son ; and. 

Sixth, William Dutton, another son. 

His second wife was Philippa, the widow of Sir Peter Thorn- 
ton. She was (as I conceive) a later wife to Sir Peter Thornton, 
not mother of the coheirs. 

Sir Lawrknce, eldest surviving son, succeeded, and died 
without issue 1392, aged fifty-three j his widow re-married Sir 
William Brereton, of Brereton. 

Edmund Dutton, iha fourth son of Sir Thomas, married Joan, 
daughter and heir of Henry Minshull, de Church MinshuU, by 
whom he had the manors of Church Minshull and Aston Mon- 
dram j and had issue. 



LORD SHERBORNE. 47 

First, Sir Peter Dutton, who became heir to his uncle. Sir 
Lawrence Button, of Dutton; he died 1433. 

Second, Hugh Button, of whom the Buttons, of Hatton, 
nigh Warton, in Cheshire, whose posterity afterwards, in process 
of time, became heirs of Button lands under Henry VIII. 

Third, Lawrence Button, another son ; and Thomas Button, 
another son ; Agnes de Button, a daughter, married WiUiam 
Leycester, of Nether Tabley, 1398, 22 Richard II. and Ellen, 
another daughter. 

John Button, of Button, son and heir of Sir Peter, married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir John Savage, and dying 1445, left 

Sir Thomas Button, of Button, who being slain at the battle 
of Blore-heath, 1459, left issue John Button, of Button, Esq. who 
was succeeded by his brother, < 

Roger Button, of Button, Esq. who dying 1499, left by Joan, 
daughter of Sir Richard Aston, 

Lawrence Button, of Button, Esq. who died without lawful 
issue 1525. 

A great controversy now arose between the heirs general of 
Sir Thomas Button, of Button, who died 1459, ^nd Sir Piers 
Button, of Hatton, the next heir male. The daughters of this 
Sir Thomas Button, sisters of John Button, and Roger Button, 
and aunts of the last Lawrence Button, were Anne, wife of Sir 
Thomas Molineux, of Sefton ; Isabel, of Sir Christopher Sothe- 
worth, of Sotheworth ; Elizabeth, of Ralph Bostock, of Bostock; 
Margaret, wife of Thomas Aston, of Aston ; and afterwards of 
Ralph Vernon of Haslington ; and Elinor, of Richard Cholraon- 
deley, of Cholmondeley. ; 

The manor of Button, with the advoury of the minstrels of 
Cheshire, was adjudged to the heir male. Sir Piers. 

Hugh Button, Esq. second son of Edmund, married Petro- 
nella, daughter of Ralph Vernon, of Hatton, in Cheshire, Esq. 
and had by her two sons, John and Lawrence. 

John, the eldest son, was settled at Hatton, and married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir William Athurton, of Athurton, in 
Lancashire, Knight, by whom she had three sons. 

First, Peter, living at Hatton, 1464. 

Second, Richard, ancestor to the Sherborne branch. 

Third, GeofFry. 

Peter married Margaret, daughter and coheir of Robert 
Grosvenour, by whom he had issue 



48 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Peter Button, of Hatton, who by Elizabeth, daughter and 
heir of Sir Robert Fouleshurst, had issue 

Sir Piers Button, adjudged to be heir male, who built, 1539, 
the new hall at Button, still in part remaining, and had by- 
Elinor, daughter of Thomas Legh, of Adlington, 

Hugh Button, who by Jone, daughter of Sir William Booth, 
had 

John Button, of Button, who died ]608, father by Elinor, 
daughter of Sir Hugh Calveley, of 

Thomas Button, of Button, Esq. who by Thomasine Ander- 
ton, had Elinor, daughter and heir, married to Gilbert Lord 
Gerard, of Gerard's Bromley, whose son Button, Lord Gerard, 
was father of Charles, Lord Gerard, from whom came Bigby, last 
Lord Gerard, who died 1711j whose daughter and heir married 
James, Buke of Hamilton, who was created Baron Button, of 
Button, and Buke of Brandon, &c. (See title Brandon, vol. i.) 

Richard Button, 5eco?zc? son of John Button, ofHatton, had 
issue Ralph Button, who had two sons. 

First, William. 

Second, Richard, from whom the Buttons of Cloughton and 
Balhy, in com. Ebor. were descended, 

William, the eldest son and heir to Richard Button, lived at 
Chester, and had issue by his wife Agnes, daughter of John Con- 
way, of Flintshire, Esq. several children, whereof Thomas was the 
second son. 

This Thomas Button, second son, purchased the manor of 
Sherborne, in Gloucestershire, which had belonged to the late dis- 
solved abbey of Winchecombe. He married, first, Mary, daughter 

of Meyney, '' by whom he had only a daughter, Anne, 

wife to John Warnford, of Sevenhampton, in com. Wilts, Esq. 

And by his second wife, Margaret, daughter of Stephen Kirton, 
Esq. alderman of the city of London, and relict of Sir Thomas 
Withers, Knight, he had two sons, William, who continued the 
line, and Thomas, who died without issue; also a daughter, 
Eleanor, married at Sherborne, November 24th, 1586, to Ralph 
Salvyne, of Newbiggin, in Yorkshire, Gent, and afterwards 
knighted. Thomas the father, dying October 4th, 1581, was buried 
at Sherborne, and succeeded by his eldest son, 

William Button, of Sherborne, Esq. who served the office of 

h From the pedigree drawn up for Lord Sherborne, 1784. 



LORD SHERBORNE. ig 

sheriff for the county of Gloucester in 15Q0, and l60l ; he mar- 
ried Anne, daughter to Sir Ambrose Nicholas, Knight, Lord 
Mayor of London, and by her (who, secondly, married to Sir 
Paul Tracy, of Stanway, in Gloucestershire, Bart, and was buried 
at Sherborne on February 23d, l650) had issue seven sons and 
four daughters : the sons were. 

First, Thomas, baptized September 15th, \5Q1, and buried at 
Sherborne, January 6th, ]6lO. 

Second, William, baptized at Sherborne, l\Iay 2d, 1593, and 
buried there the 5th of the same month. 

Third, John, who became heir to the estate, of whoni pre- 
sently. 

Fourth, Ambrose, baptized at Sherborne, November 21st, 
1596, and buried at Sherborne, May 9th, following. 

Fifth, William, baptized at Sherborne, January 5th, 1598, 

Sixth, Giles, baptized at Sherborne, April 1, 1005 ; both living 
in 1617, but died without issue. 

Seventh, Sir Ralph, of whom hereafter. 

The daughters were, first, Anne, baptized at Sherborne, Aug. 
22d, 1585; second, Eleanor, baptized November l/th, 1566, 
buried at Sherborne, April 26th, l604 ; third, Elizabeth, baptized 
at Sherborne, January 9th, 1587; and, fourth, Mary, baptized at 
Sherborne, October 22d, 1589, married, tirst, to George Fetti- 
place, Esq. ; secondly, to Sir George Fleetwood, of Woodstock 
Park, in Oxfordshire, Knight 

William, the father of these children, made bis will, June 
4th, 1617, which was proved November 18th, 1618, in which 
year he died, and was buried at Sherborne, being succeeded in his 
estates by 

John Button, of Sherlorne, Esq, his eldest surviving son ; 
baptized at Sherborne, October 5th, 1594 : he was some time 
knight of the shire, and deputy lieutenant of the county of Glou- 
cester : his will bears date January I4th, l655, to which a codicil 
was annexed three days after, and the probate thereof is dated 
June 30th, 1657; he died January 14th, and was buried at Sher- 
borne, February 18th, 1656-7. 

His first wife was Elizabeth, only daughter of Sir Henry 
Baynton, of Bromhara, in com. Wilts, Knight, and by her, who 
died April 28th, and was buried at Sherborne, May 3d, l638, 
aged forty-two, he had issue one son, William, baptized January 
10th, 1623, who died April 1 1th, i628, and was buried at Sher- 
borne the next day ; and three daughters^ first, Lucy, baptized at 

VOL. VIII. F. 



50 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sherborne, June 2d, l621j and buried there April 2d, l623 ; se- 
cond, Lucy, baptized at Sherborne, April pth, 1024, and married 
there November 26th, 1638, to Thomas Pope, Earl of Downe; 
and, third, Elizabeth, married to George Colt, of Colt Hall, in 
Suffolk, Esq. 

His second wife was Anne, fourth daughter of John King, 
D. D, Lord Bishop of London, by whom he had no issue ; and 
she, surviving him, was afterwards married to Sir Richard-Grub- 
ham How, of Compton, in Gloucestershire, Bart, 

The inscription upon his monument, in the chancel of the 
church of Sherborne, is as follows : 

John Button, of Sherborne, in Gloucestershire, 
Esq. son of William Button, and Anne, the 
daughter of Ambrose Nicholas, Knight, a person 
of a sharp understanding, and clear judgment, 
every way capable of those eminent services he 
underwent, as knight of the shire in several par- 
liaments, and as deputy lieutenant j one, who 
was master of a large fortune, and owner of a 
mind equal to it : noted for his hospitality far 
and near, and his charitable relief of the poor j 
which makes his memory honoured by the best, 
as his loss lamented by the last. He died, &c. 

That he was a zealous asserter of the liberty of the subject, 
withstanding all royal encroachments upon the same, appears in 
the great opposition he made to that arbitrary business of the 
loan-money, for refusing which he was committed to Gloucester 
prison, and whilst there elected knight of the shire. How steady 
and equal he carried himself afterwards (avoiding those furious 
courses so natural to injured people, and which too many at that 
time unhappily pursued) we learn from the Oxford historian, 
who, in his Athence Oxonienses, gives the following character of 
him : ' 

" John Button, of Sherbourne, in Gloucestershire, Esq. — He 
was one of the knights for that county, to sit in the said parlia- 
ment, 1040 ; but being frighted thence by the tumults that came 
up to the parliament doors, as other royalists were, he conveyed 
himself privately to Oxford, and sate there. He was a learned 

i Wood's Athen. Oxon. vol. ii. p. 2j, edit. 1721. 



LORD SHERBORNE. 51 

and a prudent man, and as one of the richest, so one of the 
meekest, men in England. He was active in making the defence, 
and drawing up the articles of Oxon, when the garrison was to be 
surrendered to the parliament. For which, and his steady loyalty, 
he was afterwards forced to pay a round sura in Goldsmith's-hall 
at London."'' 

We now return to the seventh and youngest son of William 
by Anne Nicholas, which was, 

Sir Ralph Button, Knight, which honour he received at 
Woodstock, in August l624. In the reign of King Charles the 
First he was gentleman of the privy-chamber in extraordinary, 
and high sheriff of Gloucestershire in l630; and being zealously 
attached to the interest of his sovereign in the great rebellion, his 
estate was sequestered, for which a composition of 952/. IJs. Id. 
was paid, and he forced to fly beyond sea j but, being beat back 



k It appears, by the list of those that compounded for their estates, that 
this John Button, Esq paid 5216/. 4^. for his ; it likewise appears, by Wood's 
Athenae Oxon. how loyal he was in the beginning of the troubles; and yet 
we find in the following extract of his will, dated January 14th, 165^, these 
particulars; '« I humbly request and desire, that his Highness, the Lord Pro- 
tector, will be pleased to take upon him the guardianship and disposing of 
my nephew, William Button, and of that estate I by deed of settlement hath 
left him ; and that his Highness would be pleased, in order to my former de- 
sires, and according to the discourse that hath passed betwixt us, thereupon, 
that when he shall come to ripenessof age, a marriage may be had and solem- 
nized betwixt my said nephew, William Button, and the Lady Frances 
Cromwell, his Highness's youngest daughter, which 1 much desire, and (if it 
take effectj shall account it as a blessing from God." He gives, by the said 
will, 500/. to the poor of Northleach, in com. Gloucest. with legacies to the 
poor of Sherborne, and other places ; and gives several legacies to his ser- 
vants ; and gives his estate to his nephew, William Button, and the heirs 
males of his body, and for default of such issue, to his nephew, Ralph Button, 
and the heirs male of his body, and for default of such issue, to his own 
right heirs forever. Gives 80c/. to his nephew Ralph, to buy an annuity of 
100/ per ann. and gives 500/ to his wife, with all the plate and household 
goods she brought when he married her, and bequeaths her all his coaches 
and coach. horseS) and two saddle nags. Orders his body to be interred in a 
comely decent manner in the vault Avhich he lately built, and caused to be 
made in the isle of Sherborne church, where he usually sat, without pomp or 
needless expence ; and orders the sum of 1 50 /. out of his personal estate, to 
be bestowed in the making of a monument within the said isle, for himself 
and his two wives; and appoints Sir William Brownlow, of High Holborn, 
in Middlesex, Bart. Sir William Chadwell, of Lincoln's-Inn, in Middlesex, 
and Gabriel Becke, of Lincoin's-Inn, Esq. his executors; and gives unto 
them 1200 ounces of plate. This will and codicil was proved at London, 
June 30th, 1657, before the judges for probate of wills, and sigued Simoa 
^llcston, register. Seefor it i{»/^«^2, p. 249. *! 



52 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

by contrary winds in his passage from Leith to France, he was 
cast away on Brunt Island, and there died in the year l646. 

He married Mary, daughter of Sir William Duncombe, of 
London, Knight, and had by her two sons, William and Ralph, 
ancestor to the present peer. 

William, the eldest son, succeeded to the estate at Sherborne, 
as heir to his uncle, John ; was high sheriff of the county of Glou- 
cester in 1667, died March 24th, 1674-5, and was buried at Sher- 
borne, on the fifth of the succeeding month. He married Mary, 
daughter of Sir John Scudamore, of Dromore, Lord Viscount 
Scudamore, and relict of Thomas Russell, Esq. eldest son of Sir 
William Russell, of Streynsham, in Worcestershire, Bart, but had 
issue only a son, John, baptized August 24th, and buried at 
Sherborne, November 8th, l604: whereby the family estates 
devolved upon his brother Ralph, youngest son of Sir Ralph 
Dutton, just mentioned. 

Which Sir Ralph was some time knight of the shire for the 
county of Gloucester, and was created a Baronet of Great Britain, 
to him and the heirs male of his body, by patent, bearing date 
June 22d, 1678. He first married Grisell, daughter of Sir Ed- 
ward Poole, of Kemble, in Wilts, Knight, and by her, who was 
buried at Sherborne, February 25th, 1677, had two daughters, 
Elizabeth, baptized at Sherborne October 14th, 1675, who be- 
came wife to William Green, of London, Esq, ; and Grisell, bap- 
tized February 18th, 1677-8, and buried at Sherborne September 
11th, 168I. 

His second wife was Mary, only daughter of Dr, Peter Bar- 
wick, physician in ordinary to King Charles the Second, by whom 
he had four sons and three daughters. 

First, Sir John Dutton, of Sherborne, second Baronet, some 
time knight of the shire for the county of Gloucester, who died 
February 1st, 1742-3, aged sixty-one, and was buried at Sher- 
borne the fourth of the same month, having had two wives, first, 
Mary, sole daughter and heir of Sir Rusbout CuUen, of Upton, 
in Warwickshire, Bart, but she died without issue, and was buried 
at Sherborne, on May 23d, 1719; and by his second wife, Mary, 
daughter of Sir Francis Keck, of Great Tew, in Oxfordshire, 
Bart, they had only a daughter, Mary, of whom her mother died 
in child-bed ; and they were both buried at Sherborne, on June 
15th, 1729. 

Sir John having survived all his brothers, and dying without 
issue, the baronetage became extinct at his death. 



LORD SHERBORNE. 53 

Second, William, buried at Sherborne, March 22d, 1683. 

Third, Clement, died an infant, l6S7, and buried at Sher- 
borne. 

Fourth, Ralph, died unmarried, December 13th, and buried 
the l6th of the same month, iyiG, at Sherborne. 

The daughters of Sir Ralph Button, Bart, were. 

First, Mary, married at Sherborne, October 29th, 1719, to Sir 
Thomas Read, of Shipton, in Oxfordshire, Bart. 

Second, Anne, grandviother to the present Lord Sherborne. 

Third, Jemima, who died unmarried, ' and was buried at Sher- 
borne, February 10th, 1762. 

Anne, the second daughter of Sir Ralph Dutton, Bart, by 
his second wife, married James Naper, of Loughcrewr, in the 
county of Meath, in the kingdom of Ireland, Esq. ; he died in 
1716, aged fifty-six; she, in 1718, aged forty-eight j and were 
buried at Loughcrew : they had issue, two sons and two daughters, , 
viz. 

First, James Lenox Naper. 

Second, William Naper, of Druce Town, in the county of 
Meath, Esq. who died unmarried. 

Anne, married to Pollard, of Castle Pollard, in the 

county of West Meath, Esq. ; and Mary. 

James Lenox Naper, of Loughcrew, Esq. the eldest son and 
heir, was by the will of his uncle. Sir John Dutton, Bart, pos- 
sessed of the manor of Sherborne, in Gloucestershire, whereupon 
he assumed the surname and arms of Button. He was buried at 
Sherborne, September 14th, 177^. aged sixty-three, having been 

twice married, first to daughter of General Ingoldsby ; 

secondly, to Jane, daughter of Christopher Bond, of Newland, in 
Gloucestershire, Esq. 

Ey the former he had issue only a son, John Lenox Naper, 
who assumed the name and arms of Button, but died unmarried, 
and was buried at Sherborne, September 7th, 1771- 

By his second wife he had four sons and six daughters ; the 
sons were, 

First, James, now Lord Sherborne. 

Second, William, baptized at Sherborne, June 3d, 17-19^ who 
used the name and arms of ]\aper, and died November 28th, 
1791, having married Miss Travell, by whom he left an infant 
son. 

•She died the 6th. 



54 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Third, Thomas, baptized 21st, and was buried at Sherborne, 
October 23d, 1/51. 

Fourth, Ralph Button, of Gressen Hall, in Norfolk, Esq. bap- 
tized at Sherborne, November 10th, 1755, and died February 25, 
1804, having married Miss Honor Gubbins, who died without 
issue in January IS07. 

The daughters were, Jane and Jemima, who died infants 5 
Anne, married at Sherborne, January 15th, 176O, to Samuel 
Blackwell, of Ampney Park, in Gloucestershire^, Esq.} Mary, 
baptized at Sherborne, June 24th^ 1750, and married there May 
25th, 1769, to Thomas Master, of Cirencester, in Gloucester- 
shire, Esq. ; Frances, baptized at Sherborne, October 28th, 1752, 
and married there, September gth, 1771? to Charles Lambert, of 
Beau Park, in the county of Meath, in Ireland, Esq. ; and Jane, 
married at Sherborne, October 5tb, 1775, to Thomas William 
Coke, of lyongford, in the county of Derby, and of Holkham, in 
the county of Norfolk^ Esq. and died January 28th, 1 800, leaving 
two daughters. 

James Dutton, now Lord Sherbokne, the eldest son and 
heir, was baptized at Sherborne, October 27th, 1744, represented 
the county of Gloucester in 178O, and was by patent, dated May 
20th, 1784, created Lord Sherborne, Baron of Sherborne, in 
the county of Gloucester , and to the heirs male of his body lawfully 
begotten. 

His Lordship was married at Longford, in the county of 
Derby, on July 7th, 1774, to Elizabeth, daughter of Wenman 
Roberts Coke, of Longford, aforesaid, Esq. by whom he hath 
issue one son and three daughters, viz. 

First, John, born in February 1779> married, August 11th, 
1803, the Honourable Mary Legge, only child of Henry, present 
Lord Stawel. 

Second, Elizabeth Jane, born May 28th, 1775, married, Ja- 
nuary 14th, 1803, Thomas, Viscount Andover, son and heir ap- 
parent of Charles Earl of Suffolk and Berkshire. 

Third, Anne Margaret, born in November 177G> married, 
April 26th, IS06, Prince Bariatinsky, of the Russian Empire, 
and died at St. Petersburgh in March I8O7, leaving a son. 
Fourth, Frances Mary, born in December 1777« 

Titles. James Dutton, Lord Sherborne, Baron Sherborne, of 
Sherborne, in Gloucestershire. 



LORD SHERBORNE. 55 

Creation. Lord Sherborne, Baron of Sherborne, in the county 
of Gloucester, May 20tb, 1784, 24 Geo. III. 

Jrms. Quarterly, Argent and Gules, in each piece of the 
second a fret. Or, a crescent for difference. 

Crest. On a wreath, a plume of Ostrich feathers, Argent, W^ 

Azure, Or, Vert and Gules, allernately. 

Motto. Servabo fidem. 

Chief Seats. At Sherborne, in Gloucestershire. 



56 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND 




GORDON, LORD GORDON. 

George Gordon, (commonly called Marquis of Huntley^ 
Earl of Norwich,) eldest son and heir apparent of Alexander, 
Duke of Gordon, was born February 2d, 1/70. In 1806, he was 
elected M. P. for Eye in Suffolk j and on April lltb, I8O7, was 
called up to the House of Peers, by writ of summons, as Baron 
Gordon of Huntley ; and placed in his father's English Barony, 
of the date of July 12th, 1784. 

His Lordship having entered into the army, raised the 92d re- 
giment at the beginning of the late war ; and has since risen to 
the rank of major-general, and been appointed colonel of the 4 2d 
regiment of foot. He served in the expedition to Holland in ^799? 
and again in that to VValcheren in 180y. 

His Lordship is unmarried. 



Titles. George Gordon, Baron Gordon, of Huntley. 

Creation. Baron Gordon, of Huntley, by letters patent July 
\2th, 17345 and writ of summons April 11th, I8O7, 

For Arms, Crest, Supporters, see the article of Earl of Nok- 
-wicH, (Duke of Gordon) vol. v. 



LORD MONTAGU. 



57 




SCOTT, LORD MONTAGU, OF BOUGHTOJS. 

Henry James Montagu Scott, Bakon Montagu, of Boi/gh- 
ton, in Northamptonshire, succeeded to this barony. May 28th, 
1790, on the death of his grandfather, George, last Duke of Mon- 
tagu, * agreeable to the limitation of the patent granted in 1786. 
He then took the additional name of Montagu. 

His Lordship is the second son of Henry, Duke of Buccleuch, 
Knight of the Garter. (See title Earl of Doncaster, vol. iii.) 

His Lordship was born December l6th, 17/(5, and married, 
November 22d, 1804, Margaret, daughter of Archibald, Lord 
Douglas^ of Douglas (by Lady Lucy Graham). 

Title. Henry James Montagu Scott, Baron Montagu, of 
Boughton. 

Creation. Baron Montagu, of Boughton, by patent August 
8th, 1786. 

^rms. Same as Earl of Doncaster (Du\c of BuccleughJ, 
quartering Montagu. See vol. iii. 

Crest. Same as Doncaster. 

Supporters. Same as Doncaster. 

Motto. Amo. Same as Doncaster. 

Chief Seat. Boughton House, Northamptonshire. 



* See title Ear I, op Cardigan, vol. Hi. 



58 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




DOUGLAS, LORD DOUGLAS OF AMBRESBURY, 

[DUKE OF QUEENSBERRT IN SCOTLAND.) 



The following account of this family is principally in the words 
of Craufurd. 

The Barony of Drumlanrig, in Drumfrizeshire, did anciently 
belong to the Earls of Marr. Thomas, Earl of Marr, gave these 
lands to William, Lord of Douglas, whose sister, the Lady Mar- 
garet, he had married, which King David H. did, by his royal 
charter, confirm ' Willielmo Domino de Douglas, Omnes Terras 
Baroniae de Drumlanrig, cum Pertinen. Tenend. et Habend, 
cidem Willielmo Domino de Douglas, et haeredibus suis, libere et 
quiete, pleuarie, integre et honorifice, cum omnibus libertatibus, 
commoditatibus, Assiamentis, et justis pertinentiis suis, sicut 
charta dilecti consanguinei nostri Thomae Comitis Marriae, eidem 
Willielmo Domino de Douglas, et Margaretoe Sponsae suae, con- 
sanguineae nostrse, inde confecta plenius proportat et testatur.' 

To this William, Lord, thereafter Earl of Douglas, who 
died 1384, succeeded James, second Earl of Douglas, his son, who 
by his charter gave the Barony of Drumlanrig to William Douglas 
his son J of which, for the fixhig the origin of this illustrious 
branch of the house of Douglas, I shall present the reader with 
an exact copy, as I transcribed it from the original. 

" Omnibus banc chartam visuris vel audituris, Jacobus Comes 
de Douglass, Dominus vallis de Lydale, ac baroniae de Drum- 
lanrig, salutem in Domino sempiternam. Noveritis nos dedisse, 
concessisse, et hac charta nostra confirmasse Willielmo de Douglas, 
tilio nostro, pro homagio et servitio suo, omnes terras nostras 



LORD DOUGLAS OF AMBRESBURY. 59 

totlus baronias de Drumlanrig, infra vicecom. de Dumfrise, 
tenend. et habend. oranes dictas terras praefatae baroniae, cum per- 
tinen. eidem Willielmo et haeredibus suis, de corpore suo legitime 
procreandis ; quibus deficientibus, Archibaldo de Douglas filio 
nostrc, et h^redibus suis, de corpore suo legitime procreandis, in 
feudo et baereditate in perpetuum reservata, nobis et haeredibuj 
nostris, regalitas ejusdem faciendo inde nobis et haeredibus nostris, 
servitium unius militis in exercitu nostro, nomine Albae firmae. 
In cujus rei testimonium present! chartae sigillum nostrum fecimus 
apponi, his testibus. Domino Archibaldo de Douglas, Domino 
Galuidiae, Jacobo de Douglas, Domino de Dalkeith, Jacobo de 
Lindsay, Domino de Crawfurd, Willielmo de Lindsay, Roberto 
Colevyle, Willielmo de Borthewick, consanguineis nostris mili- 
libus, Adamo Forrester, Adamo de Hoppringle, AUano de Lau- 
dere, et multis aliis." 

This James Earl of Douglas lost his life in the battle of Otter- 
burne, 1388. 

This Sir William Douglas, the Jirst Baron of Drumlanrig, ^ 
being a brave gentleman, '^ signalized himself in the wars against 
the English in his timej in 1411, together with Gavin Dunbar, 
son to the Earl of March, he burnt and plundered the town of 
Roxburgh, '^ then in the possession of the English, which was per- 
formed with great resolution and courage. The war at length 
ending in a truce in 1412,*^ Sir William Douglas and the Lord 
Clifford were the chief challengers at a solemn tournament 
held by the Earl of Westmorland at Carlisle, but my author * 
is not particular as to the event. The same year he had the 
honour to be sent by the governor of Scotland, the Duke of 
Albany, ambassador to the court of England, to solicit the re- 
lease of King James I, who was then kept a prisoner in that 
realm, ^ when he obtained from his captive sovereign a charter, 
all written fair out in the King's own hand, on vellum, s the 
very finest I ever saw, in these words : 

a It may be here observed, that this noble family has always carried the 
arms of Marr quartered with their own, which denotes their descent from 
Margaret, heiress and Countess of Marr. 

b He was twice in England, in 1397, and 1405, for which he had safe 
conducts from Rich. II. and Hen. IV. Rymer, vol. viii. p- 2s»42i>429. 
* Extracta e Chron. Scotiae- ^ Rymer's Fcedera Angli*. 

« Sir William Dugdale, in his Baronage of England, 
f Rymer's Feedera. 
£ Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry. 



60 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

" Jarals, throw the Grace of God, Kyinge of Scottls, til all 
that this Lettre heris or seis, sendis Gretynge j wit ze, that we 
haue grantit, and be this present Lettre grantis a special confir- 
mation in the mast Forme, til our Trust and Wele belofit Cosyng, 
Sir William of Douglas of Drumlanrig, of all the Lands that he is 
posest and charterit of within the Kyngdome of Scotland, that is 
to say, the Landis of Drumlanrig, of Hauyke, and of Selkirk : 
the which Charter and Posessions be this Lettre we confirm. In 
Witnes of the Whilk, this present Lettres we wrate with our 
proper Hand, and the Signet ussit in selying of our Lettres, as 
now at Croydon, the last day of Novembre, the Yeir of our 
Lord 1412." 

In I4l6, Sir William Douglas, of Drumlanrig, was joined in 
commission with the Earls of Athole, Fife, Buchan, Marr, Douglas, 
and Crawfurd, George Dunbar, son and heir to the Earl of 
March, the Bishop of Glasgow, and Sir William Graham, to 
treat with the English about the relieving of King James, s but 
for some reasons of state, that grand affair could not be brought 
to a close, though it is not to be doubted but those great men, 
who had the honour to be employed in the treaty, did all they 
could to have it concluded. Thereafter in 1420, when the English 
carried over King James into France, ^ to try if his presence could 
draw the Scots, who were in the French service, over to that of 
the English, Sir William Douglas, of Drumlanrig, went over to 
wait on his master; in order to which he had a safe conduct 
granted him from the King of England, but with this remarkable 
proviso, that he should do nothing prejudicial to him, or to his 
dearest father the King of France ; but the Scots did well then 
distinguish the deference which they owed to their King when 
captivated, and when independent and free ; for though they sent 
persons to guard his sacred person, yet they adhered firmly to that 
interest which he seemed outwardly to oppose, though I have no 
reason to believe but that Sir William Douglas kept his promise 
to the King of England, and did not engage against the English 
interest at that time, yet he afterward lost his life in the service 
of France, at the battle of Agincourt, in 142/, ' leaving issue by 
Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Sir Robert Stewart, of Durisdeer 
and Rosyth, 

g Rymer's Foedera Anglia;. 
h Abercromby'sLifeof King James I- 
1 Mr. David Simpson's Account of the House of Drumlanrig, M. S, 
penes mc. 



LORD DOUGLAS OF AMBRESBURY. (5l 

William Dovglxs, second Lord of Drumlanrig, his son and 
heir, ^ who was one of the hostages sent to England, for the re- 
demption of King James I. in 1427, i'^ exchange of another Baron 
of the same rank and fortune with himself, which was expressly 
provided in the treaty of redemption, but when he was relieved 
again, it has not occurred to me. 

This Sir William being, like his father, a warlike man, sig- 
nalized himself in most of the actions between the Scots and 
English, particularly at the battle of Sark, anno 1448, where the 
Scots obtained a most glorious victory, under the command of 
Hugh Earl of Ormond, brother to the Earl of Douglas, where Sir 
William did to a very eminent degree manifest his valour and 
conduct J and departing this life in the year 1458, ' left issue by 
Janet his wife, daughter of Sir Herbert Maxwell, Lord of Carr 
laverock, "' 

William, his son and heir, third Lord of Driivilanrig, who, 
though he did not long outlive his father, yet he gave many 
signal proofs of his valour in several actions, particularly at the 
siege of Roxburgh, where King James IL lost his lifej and in that 
other bold attempt at Alnwick, anno 1463, where the French 
garrison was relieved by the Earl of Angus, in the face of a nu- 
merous English army, '^ which was double the number of the 
troops the Earl had under his command ; and departing this life 
in 1464, ° left issue by Margaret his wife, daughter of William 
Carlyle, Lord of Torthorald, a younger son, John, bred to the 
church ; also 

William, his son and heir, fourth Lord of Drumlanrig, who 
treading in the steps of his heroic ancestors, was slain in the ser- 
vice of his country at the battle of Kirkonei, in that unnatural in- 
vasion of the Duke of Albany against his own brother. King 
James II. on the 22d of July 1484, i' leaving issue by Elizabeth 
his wife, daughter of Sir Robert Crichton, Lord of Sanquhar, an- 
cestor to the Earl of Drumfrise, i 

First, James, his successor. 

Second, Archibald, of whom the Douglases of Cashogle. 

^ Charta penes Duceiii de Queensberry, in an indenture between Wil- 
liam Douglas, Lord of Drumlanrig, and William Douglas, Lord of Leswalt, 
in the year 1427- 

' Mr Simpson's Account of the House of Drumlanrig. 

Di Ibid. " Ibid. o Ibid: 

P Mr. Thomson's Hist. Collections 

"3 Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry. 



62 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Thirdj George, of whom the branch of Pinzire. "^ 
Fourth, John, vicar of Kirkonnel. ' 
Likewise several daughters^ 

Margaret, married to John Lord Cathcart, * and had issue. 
Elizabeth, to John Campbell, son and heir apparent of James 
Campbell, " of Wester Loudoun. 

Janet, first to William Lord Somerville, and secondly to Alex- 
ander Gordon, at that time son and heir apparent of John Gordon, 
of Lochinvar,'^ ancestor to the Viscounts of Kenmure, 

Which James, fifth Lord of Drumlanrig, in 1470, married 
Janet, daughter of David Scot, of Buchleugh, ^ by whom he had 
William his successor, and a daughter, Janet, married to Roger 
Grierson, of Lag, and dying in 140)8, ^ was succeeded by 

William, his son, sixth Lord of Drumlanrig, who did not 
long survive his father, for he lost his life with King James IV. 
and the flower of the kingdom, at the fatal battle of Flowdoun, 
September gth, 1513,^ leaving issue by Elizabeth his wife, 
daughter of Sir John Gordon, of Lochinvar, 
First, James, his successor. 

Second, Robert, Provost of Lincluden, of whom the branch of 
the Douglases of Barfurd, ^ and two daughters 5 Janet, married to 
Robert Lord Maxwell J and Agnes, to Andrew Cunningham, of 
Kirkshaw. 

Which James, seventh Lord of Drumlanrig, was one of those 
loyal Barons who, in 1526, attempted to relieve King James V, 
from the Earl of Angus, who kept him in no other condition 
than that of a prisoner ; but the attempt proving unsuccessful, he 
was obliged to take out a remission for it. During the war in 
the minority of Queen Mary, he behaved very loyally, for which 
the Duke of Chattlerault, the governor, confered the honour of 
knighthood on him; and in 1553, the Queen made him warden 
of the East Marches, with a full power of justiciary, on the sur- 
render of Sir John Maxwell, of Tareagles. "^ Which office he 
discharged with great wisdom and courage for many years there- 

r Mr. Simpson's Account of the House of Queensberry. 

s Charta penes Dominum Cathcart ad annum 1497- 

t Ibid. u Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry, ad Annum 1496. 

X Charta penes Dominum Cathcart. 

J Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry, ad annum 1470, Novemb. 5th. 

z I find him then alive from the writs of the family. 

1 Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry. 

*> lb. etiamchartft in Pub. Arch, ad annum 1612. ' Ibid. 



. LORD DOUGLAS OF AMBRESBURY. 63 

after, even till his old age, that he resigned the office, which was 
thereupon given to Sir John Maxwell, Knight. He married, 
first, Margaret Douglas, "^ daughter of George, master of Angus, 
by whom he had two daughters ; Janet, married to William 
Douglas, of Cashogle, ^ and again to John Charters, of Aimsfield j 
and Margaret, to John Jerdan, of Applegirth. *" From this Lady- 
Sir William was divorced, and thereafter, by a dispensation from 
the Pope's Legate, he was married again to Christian, s daughter 
of John, master of Eglintoun, son of Hugh, Earl of Eglintoun ; 
by her he had Sir William Douglas, of Hayick, who died before 
his father, and four daughters, 

Margaret, married to Robert Lord Sanquhair, and again to 
William Earl of Menteth. 

Helen, to Roger Grierson, of Lag, ^ and had issue. 

Janet, first to James Tweedie, of Drumlezer ; ' and after- 
ward to William Kerr, of Cesford, ^ ancestor to the Dukes of 
Roxburgh. 

Christian, to Sir Alexander Stewart, of Garlics, ' ancestor to 
the Earl of Galloway, and had issue. 

He lived to a great age, and died 1578. 

Sir William Douglas, of Hayick, Sir James's son, though he 
died a young man, yet he gave many proofs of his prudence and 
courage in suppressing the English inroads, and the disorders com- 
mitted on the borders. When the war broke out in the reign of 
Queen Mary, he adhered to the interest of the young Prince, King 
James VL with singular fidelity, was at the field of Langside, 
where he signalized his valour, and contributed very much to the 
overthrow of the Queen's party j and he was so zealous in the 
cause, that afterward he commanded in that action betwixt 
Leith and Edinburgh, in 15/2, where the Earl of Huntly, who 
maintained the Queen's authority, was worsted, and many of his 
adherents slain; and dying anno 1574, left issue by Margaret 
his wife, daughter of James Gordon, of Lochinvar, " James, who 
succeeded his grandfather ; likewise three daughters, 

d Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry, ad annum 1530. 
e Ibid. f Ibid. 

S He got a charter under the great seal, Jacobo Dtuglas de Drumlanrig et 
Cbrhtiance Montgomery ejus sfonsa, of several lands in Dumfrieshire, October 
30th, 1545. 

h Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry, ad annum 1530. 
i Ibid. k Ibid. ' Ibid, etiam Charta in Pub. Arch. 

» Charta in Pub. Arch, etiam Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry. 



64 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Margaret;, married to Sir Robert Montgomery, of Skelmurly, 
Bart. " and had issue. 

Janet, to Sir James Murray, of Cockpool, ° and had issue. 

Christian, to Robert- Dalziel^ younger of that ilk, i* there- 
after Earl of Carnwath. 

Sir James Douglas, of Drumlanrig, dying on the 27th of Sep- 
tember, 15/8, 1 was immediately succeeded in his estate by his 
grandson 

Sir James, eighth Lord of Drumlanrig , who being a person of 
great wisdom and prudence, was a very happy instrument in 
reconciling the discords among the nobility and the contending 
factions at court, which had rendered the reign of King James 
less pleasant to him, till his accession to the English crown. Sir 
James was no less wise than valiant, he having frequent occa- 
sions of exerting his courage and conduct in those unhappy feuds 
and mutual incursions, which infested the south-west parts of the 
kingdom before the union of the crowns. He married Mar- 
garet, daughter of John Lord Fleming, sister to John, first Earl 
of Wigtoun, ' by whom he had. 

First, William, his successor, the first Earl of Queensberry. 

Second, Sir James Douglas, of Mousv/ald. 

Third, David Douglas, of Airdoch. 

Fourth, George Douglas, of Pinzrie. 

Likewise two daughters ; Janet, married to William Living- 
ston, of Jerwiswood, ancestor to Viscount Teviot) and Helen, to 
John Menzies, of Castlehill. 

And departing this life October l6th, l6l5, was succeeded by 

Sir William, his son and h&xr, first Earl of Queensberry, who 
being a gentleman of great parts and singular prudence, was par- 
ticularly known and favoured by King James VL whom he had 
the honour to entertain at his house of Drumlanrig, in his return 
into England, in the year 1617: nor was he less regarded by 
King Charles L who was graciously pleased to create him a Peer 
by the title oi Lord Viscount Drumla7irig, on the 1st of April, 
1628 ; * and further, for the greater splendor of his Majesty's co- 
ronation, he was by letters patent, bearing date June 13th, l633, 
raised to the honour of Earl of Queensberry. ' He married Isabel, 
daughter of Mark, first Earl of Lothian, by whom he had 

First, James, his successor. 

» Charta in Pub- Arch- etiam Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry. 

o Ibid. P Ibid. q Ibid. 

t Ibid. s Charta in Pub Arch. t Ibid- 



LORD DOUGLAS. 65 

Second, Sir William Douglas, of Killhead, created a Baronet 
l66S, ancestor of Sir Charles Douglas, of Killhead, Bart. 

Third, Archibald Douglas, of Dornock. 

Fourth, Robert, died unmarried. 

And two daughters ; Margaret, married to James Earl of 
Hartfield j and Janet, to Thomas Lord Kircudbright ; and dying 
on March 8th, 1640, was succeeded by 

James, his son, second Earl of Queensberry, who suffered 
much for his loyalty to King Charles I. during the civil war j for 
when he was endeavouring to join the Marquis of Montrose, be- 
fore the battle of Philiphaugh, he was made prisoner, and after- 
wards fined in 120,000 merks, which he paid. 

After the battle of Kelsyth, he thought to have joined Mon- 
trosej but the leading men of Glencairn, who had raised a great 
force for the defence of the country, as they pretended, sur- 
prized him in the mean time, carried him prisoner to Carlisle and 
there delivered him to the governor, who closely confined him 
for some time. After he obtained his liberty, thinking to be even 
with the Glencairn, men, he obtained from the King a grant of 
jurisdiction over their country, the amplest that could be be- 
stowed 5 but that grant was taken from him by the parliament, 
1649. 

In 1654, lie was again condemned by Oliver Cromwell to pay 
4000/. sterling as a new mulct, for his malignancy and rottenness 
of heart, according to the language of those times. 

He married, first, Mary, daughter of James Marquis of 
Hamilton, by whom be had no issue j and again Margaret, 
daughter of John Earl of Traquair, Lord High Treasurer of Scot- 
land, by whom he had, 

First, William, his successor. 

Second, Lieutenant-Generai James Douglas, who died at 
Namur in 1691^ having married and had issue, which are now 
extinct.' 

Third, John, killed at the siege of Treves 1675. 

Fourth, Robert, killed at the siege of Maestricht 16^6. 

Likewise five daughters ; first, Mary, married to Alexander 
Earl of Galloway; second, Catharine, to Sir James Douglas, of 
Kellbead, Bart, and had issue j third, Henrietta, to Sir Robert 
Grierson, of Lagg, and had issue ; fourth, Margaret, to Sir Alex, 
pnder Jardane, of Applegirth, Bart, and had issue j and secondly, 

VOL. vin. F 



66 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

to Sir David Thoirs ; fifth, Isabel, to Sir William Lockhart, of 
Carstairs, Bart, and had issue. 

And dying on the 15th of August 1671, was succeeded by 
William, his son, third Earl of Queensherry, who being a 
nobleman of very great parts, was in 1667 sworn of the privy- 
council to King Charles II. and thereafter, June 1st, 168O, made 
Justice General, " on the removal of Sir George Mackenzie, of 
Tarbat; also his Majesty, as a testimony of his special favour, was 
pleased to create the Earl, Lord Douglas, of Kinmont, Middlebie, 
and Dornock, Viscount ofNith, Torthorald, and Ross; Earl of 
Drumlanrig and Sanquhar; and Marquis ofQueenslerry, by letters 
patent, bearing date February llth, ^ 1082, >' and in less than six 
months thereafter, upon some alterations in the ministry, the 
Marquis of Queenslerry was preferred to be Lord High Trea- 
surer OF Scotland, and the Earl of Perth made Justice General 
in his room ; ^ likewise in September thereafter, he was made 
constable and governor of Edinburgh castle, and one of the ex- 
traordinary Lords of the session. Finally, that no honour might 
be wanting which his Majesty could confer upon him, he was 
raised to the honour of Alar quis of Dumfricshire, and Duke of 
Queenslerry , February 3d, l684; ^ about which time he was ad- 
mitted one of the lords of the privy-council for the kingdom of 
England. 

As the Duke had been in great favour in the reign of King 
Charles II. he was no less so in the beginning of King James VII. 
who not only continued nim in his former posts, but likewise 
made him Lord High Commissioner to represent his royal person 
in his first session of parliament l685; and the same year he, 
I'ud James Lord Drumlanrig, his son, were constituted his Ma- 
jesty's lieutenants in the shires of Drumfrlese and Wigtoun, and 
the Stewartries of Annandale and Kirkcudbright. In I686, the 
treasury being turned into commission, the Duke of Queensberry 
was made president of the council, but the measures that were 

u Charta in Pub. Arch, etiam Charta penes Ducem de Queensbcrry- 

X Ibidem, 
y In April following he obtained the King's manual to the Lord Lyon, 
King of Arms, ordering the double tressure to be superadded to his armorial 
bearings, as it is in the royal achievement. 

7 Charta in Pub. Arch. May ist. 1682, making the Earl of Perth Justice 
General, and another making the Marquis of Oueensberry Lord High Trea- 
surer, July 15th, 167Z. 

a Charta penes Ducem de Queensberry. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 6T 

soon after taken at court, noi suiting with his temper and princi- 
ples, and for his not complying with the project of taking away 
the' penal laws against popery, he was in six months thereafter 
deprived of all public employments, and thereafter lived prudently 
and cautiously^ through the rest of that reign ^ 

His Grace married Isabel, daughter of William Marquis of 
Douglas, by whom he had, 

irst, James, his son and heir. 

Second, William, Earl of March; and, 

Third, Lord George, a young nobleman of great hopes, who 
died in l6g3. 

And a daughter Anne, married to David Earl of Weems. 

Departing this life at Edinburgh March 28th, lQg5, he was 
with great funeral solemnity interred at the church of Duris- 
deer, with his ancestors, where there is a magnificent monument 
erected for him. <= 

James, second Duke of Queenslerry, his son and successor, 
was born on the 18th of December, l602; after he had gone 
through the course of his studies at the University of Glasgow, 
he went into foreign parts, to accomplish himself by travels, 
anno l680, and upon his return in l684, was by King Charles II. 
made one of the privy-council, and lieutenant-colonel of a reg> 
ment of horse commanded by Lieut. -General Graham, thereafter 
Viscount of Dundee ; and he continued in these posts till the year 
1688, about which time he quitted them for ill usage at court, 
and upon the account of the disagreement of his princpies with 
their measures. 

The revolution then happening to come on, he appeared early 
in it, and was by the Prince of Orange, upon his acceptance of 



a He rebuilt his fine castle there, which with its gardens, afterwards highly 
improved and finished, yielded to none in Scotland for stateliness and elegance 
He also greatly improved his estate, which had been much impaired by the 
loyalty and sufferings of his father and grandfather, and the iniquities of those 
unhappy times. Douglas, p. 566. 

b He seems, by Burnet's account, to have been a man of despotic prin.- 
ciples, inclined to go into all King James's violences, except in religion, to 
which he was so steady, as to have incurred great dangers, and at one time 
disgrace. Editor. 

c "" Two great men,'' says Burnet, "died this winter; the Dukes of 
Hamilton and Queensbsrry: they were brothers-in-law, and had been long 
great friends j but they became irreconcileable enemies. The first had more 
application, but the other had the greater genius. They were incompatible 
with each other, and indeed with all other persons; for each loved to be ab* 
golute, and direct every tlyng." Editor, ^, 



■P 



68 PEERAGE OF ENGLi^ND. 

the government, made colonel of the Scots horse guards, and at 
the same time one of the privy-council, and one of the gentlemen 

*''"of his Majesty's bed-chamber. 

In 1690, King William sent him into Scotland, to command 
a separate body of troops under lieutenant-general IVIackay 5 two 
years after, he was made one of the lords of the treasury ; and in 
the parliament 1093, he was authorized to sit and vote as Lord 
High Treasurer, for his father being then alive, and he not a peer, 
he could not others ise sit, but as an officer of state, which de- 
pends on the sovereign's nomination. 

The Duke, his father, departing this life as aforesaid in 16Q5, 
he laid aside all thoughts of military employments, quitted the 
command of the guards, and was thereupon made Lord Privy 
Seal, and one of the extraordinary lords of the session. 

His Majesty in I7OO was pleased to make him Lord High 
Commissioner to represent his royal person in parliament, where 
he held two sessions by virtue of two distinct patents 5 and upon 
his return to court, his Majesty, on June 8th, 17OI, was pleased to 
honour the Duke with a distinguishing mark of his royal favour, 
for that evening, a chapter being held of the most noble Order of 
the Garter at Kensington, where the sovereign was present, the 
Duke was then elected a companion of the order, and installed at 
Windsor the 10th of July thereafter. His Grace having served 
King William as long as he lived with great fidelity, her Majesty 
Queen Anne, upon her accession to the throne, first made him 
secretary of state ; and entertaining the same just sentiments of his 
ability and conduct, appointed him to be her commissioner to re- 
present her royal person in that session of parliament which met 
at Edinburgh, the Qih of June, 1/02; but the legality of that 
session meeting with great opposition from a strong party in the 

^ parliament, who declared openly that they did not conceive them- 
selves warranted to meet and act in that session as a parliament, '^ 
and therefore did not only dissent from any thing that should be 
done or acted therein, but withdrew, and removed from their at- 
tendance : wherefore her Majesty, to quiet the minds of her peo- 
ple, was pleased to order (he Duke to prorogue the parliament, 
which his Grace did, and thereupon set out for London j where 
he was soon thereafter appointed one of the commissioners upon 
the part of Scotland, for treating of an union betwixt both nations ; 

d The Duke of Hamilton presented a paper, which contained the reasons 
of his dissent, which may be seen at large in the History of Europe, and the 
Memoirs of Scotland ; but it is foreign to my purpose to insert it here 



LORD DOUGLAS. 6g 

but though the commissioners of the respective kingdoms met 
several times, and settled preliminaries on both sides 5 yet upon a 
more mature deliberation, the court concluded that it was not a 
fit season to promote that business, but to suspend the further 
prosecution of it until a more favourable conjuncture. The 
former parliament being dissolved, it was necessary another should 
be called, as had been usual at the entrance of all sovereigns to 
the crown ; and therefore her Majesty issued out writs for the 
calling of a new parliament, which met according to summons 
upon the 6th of May 1703, to which the Queen was pleased to 
honour the Duke of Queensbeiry, by appointing his Grace to re- 
present her royal person, as lord high commissioner. The parlia- 
ment being opened with great solemnity, they began cheerfully 
in passing an act, recognizing her Majesty's title to the crown j 
but that unanimity did not long continue among them ; for a 
very strong party in the parliament having brought in and carried 
an act for the security of the kingdom, presented it to the lord 
commissioner, for the royal assent ; but the act of security being 
transmitted to the court, the English ministry were so wholly- 
averse to it, and the country party in the parliament of Scotland as 
strenuously insisting to have it pass, all the Duke could well do 
in such a conjuncture, was to keep it off till he should receive in- 
tructions from above; which he did with the utmost dexterity, 
till her Majesty having declared that some difficulties having fallen, 
in in that affair, so much pressed, she would take time to consider 
them before she could be determined to give the royal approba- 
tion ; and therefore ordered the lord high commissioner to adjourn 
the parliament on the l6th of September, after they had sat full 
three months, which the Lord Chancellor did in the usual forms. 

How great soever these services of the Duke's were esteemed 
to be for a time, yet it is certain, that in less than a year there- 
after, upon a change of some measures at court, his Grace was 
removed from all public employments, except that of one of the 
extraordinary lords of the session^ which was for life, and of which 
he could not be deprived. ^ 

But upon another change at court, in 1705, ''when the Duke 
of Argyle was declared commissioner for holding the session of 
parliament that year, the Duke of Queensberry was made lord 
privy-seal in place of the Earl of Rothes, and one of the commis- 

e See Burnet's Hist Own Times. 
' He was brought in ag;<in for the purpose of carrying the union. See 
Burnet, 



:?0 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

sioners of the treasury. It is foreign to my design to assign the 
reasons here of the change that was found in the disposition of 
the English ministry, in reference to the act of security, which had 
passed in the parliament 1704, from what it had been in the ses- 
sion before, wherein the Duke preceded as lord high commis- 
sioner. However, the fore-mentioned act of security put the 
English ministry under a necessity of effecting the union of the 
two kingdoms; and in order thereto, her Majesty being em- 
powered by the parliament in 1705, did nominate and appoint 
commissioners to treat with those of England, for uniting the tw(> 
kingdoms, of which number the Duke of Queensberry the lord 
privy seal was one. 

The commissioners of both kingdoms having accordingly met 
at London on the lOth of April, 17O6, the preliminaries were 
easily agreed to on the '24th. The two succeeding months were 
taken up in carrying on the treaty, and being much forwarded 
by her Majesty's royal presence and recommendation to bring it 
to a conclusion, the articles were completed and signed on the 22d 
of July thereafter. 

Though the treaty of union was concluded by the respective 
commissioners of Scotland and England, yet it behoved to be ap- 
proved and coniirmed by both parliaments before it could be per- 
fected ; and the parliament of Scotland being to meet for that end 
the 6th of October, the Duke of Queensberry was pitched on as 
the fittest person to be her Majesty's commissioner to bring that 
great affair about in parliament. 

So difficult and nice a work as incorporating the two king- 
doms, could net be effected without very considerable opposition, 
both from within doors and without : but his Grace being sup- 
ported by her Majesty's authority, and a full and hearty concur- 
rence of a majority in the parliament, (who were well affected to 
the union) went on vigorously in the prosecution of his duty, and 
with so much dispatch, that the v/hole treaty was enacted and ra- 
tified on the lOlh of January, 1707, by the lord commissioner, by 
the touch of the royal scepter, in the usual manner. 

The Duke of Queensberry having thus concluded the union, 
and surmounted all the difHculties he met in his way to complete 
it, in April thereafter set out for London, where he found that 
gracious reception from the Queen which his eminent services had 
deserved : and it was but very just that he who had expended so 
much of his time in the public service, should have some suitable 
compensation; and therefore the Queen gave him the compli- 



I 



LORD DOUGLAS. 7I 

ment of a pension of 3000/. per ann. out of the post office. Her 
Majesty's goodness and bounty did not stop here, seeing she was 
pleased, in May, 17OS, to create him a peer of Great Britain, by 
the titles of Baron Rippox, Marsuis of Beverlt, and Duke 
OF Dover ; which honours were to descend to the Earl ofSollo- 
luay, his second son. 

The Queen continuing still her royal favours to his Grace* 
was pleased, on the pih of February, 1709, to declare in council, 
that by reason of the increase of the public business, she thought 
fit to appoint a third Secretary of State of Great Britain, and having 
named the Duke of Queensberry the person, he was thereupon 
sworn into the office, which he enjoyed till his death, July Oth, 
1711, after a short indisposition, which the physicians call the 
iliac passion. 

He married, December 1st, ]6S5, the Lady Mary Boyle, 
daughter of Charles Lord Clifford, son of Richard Earl of Burling- 
ton and Cork, and by her, who died in London October 2d, 1 70a, 
he had. 

First, William, born at Edinburgh May ISth, 1690, and died 
seven months after. 

Second, James, born in London November 12th, i697j who 
"«'as of an infirm constitution both of body and mind. 

Third, Charles, who succeeded to the honours. 

Fourth, Lord George, born in London February 20th, 1/01, 
■Uied at Paris, aet. twenty-four. 

Fifth, Lady Isabel, died unmarried. 

Sixth, Lady Jane, married, 1 720, to Francis, Duke of Buc- 
cleugh, and had issue. 

Seventh, Lady Anne, married, 1733, the Hon. William Finch, 
and died 17-^^1? s.p. 

Charles, second son, succeeded as third Duke of Queensherryf 
and SECOND Duke of Dover. He was born at Edinburgh No- 
vember 24th, 1693, and in 1707, was created Earl of Soloway, 
Viscount Tilers, ^c. In 17^7^ he set out on his travels 5 and 
after passing through France, arrived the beginning of November 
that year at Venice, which he left the last of February 1717-I8, 
intending to go to Rome on his return to England, 

When he came of age, he claimed his seat in the English 
house of peers as Duke of Dover ; but the house of lords then 
construed the articles of union to restrain the King from conferring 
an English peerage on a Scotch peer ; a construction which has 
only been reversed in the middle of the present reign. 



72 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

On May 31st, 1726, his Grace was sworn of the privy-council j 
on June 25th, 1725, was appointed a lord of the bed-chamber; 
and on December 11th, 1727, was made vice-admiral of Scotland. 
In April, 174s, his Grace accepted of the situation of gentleman 
of the bed-chamber to Frederick, Prince of Wales. He was after- 
wards appointed lord keeper of the great seal for Scotland; and 
in 1762, on the death of the Marquis of Tweedale, constituted 
lord justice general of Scotland. 

His grace married, on March 20th, 1719-20, the Lady Cathe- 
rine Hyde, s second daughter and coheir of Henry Hyde, Earl of 
Rochester, and by her had issue two sons. 

First, Henry, Marquis of Beverley, born October 30th, 1722, 
who betook himself to a military life, and served two campaigns 
under the Earl of Stair, in which he distinguished himself at the 
siege of Coni. He afterwards got the command of a regiment in 
the service of the States of Holland. Returning home, he mar- 
ried, July, 1754, Lady Elizabeth Hope, daughter of John Earl of 
Hopetoun ; but on his journey from Scotland to England, October 
19th following, having left his carriage, and mounted his horse, 
his pistol, which he had drawn from his holsters, to lire among 
some rooks, discharged itself Ss he cocked it, and shot him dead, 
to the inexpressible grief of his parents. His Lady died in April 
1756, without issue. 

Second, Charles, Marquis of Beverly, born July 27th, 1726, 
■was member of parliament for the county of Dumfries in Scot- 
land, 1747, &c. But going to Lisbon for his health, died there 
unmarried in October, 1756. 

The Duchess died in 1777^ and the Duke dying without issue, 
October 22d, 1 7783 was succeeded in his Scotch honours, by his 
cousin, James, third Earl of March, who became /owr/A Duke 
of Queensberry, grandson of William Douglas, Earl of March, 
younger son of W^illiam, first Duke of Queensberry. 

Which Lord William Douglas, being in great favour with 
King William, was created Earl of March, and Lord Doug/as of 
Niedpath, Lyne, and Mannerhead, by patent dated April 20th, 
1697. He died 1/05, leaving by Lady Jane Hay, daughter of 
John, Marquis of Tweedale, three sons and three daughters, viz. 

First, William. 

Second, John Douglas, of Broughton, Esq. member of parlia- 
ment for Tweedale, died s. p. 

£ The patroness of Gay, and cclebiated by Prior. 



LORD DOUGLAS. . 73 

Third, James Douglas, of Stow, Esq. died s. p. 

Fourth, Lady Isabel ; fifth. Lady Mary j sixth, Lady Jane. 

He died 1/05, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

William, second Earl of March, who married Lady Anne 
Hamilton, eldest daughter of John, Earl of Selkirk and Ruglen, 
by whom he had issue 

James, third Earl of March, born 1725, who in 1778 became 

fourth Duke of Queensberry, and was created a British peer by 

the title of Lord Douglas of Ambresbury, in Wiltshire, Aug, 

8th, 1/88. His Grace was many years lord of the bed-chamber 

to his present Majesty. 

Titles. James Douglas, Lord Douglas of Ambresbury, Duke 
and Earl of Queensberry, Marquis of Dumfries, Earl of Drum- 
lanrig and Sanquhar, Earl of March, Viscount Nith, Drumlanrig, 
Torthorald, and Ross ; Lord Douglas of Hawick and Tibbers ; 
Lord Douglas of Kilmount, Middleby, and Dornock ; and Baron 
Douglas of Niedpath, Lyne, and Mannerhead. 

Creations. Baron Douglas of Ambresbury, in Wilts, August 
8th, 17S8 : also the follovTing Scotch honours j Duke of Queens- 
berry and Marquis of Dumfries, February 11th l682^ Earl of 
Queensberry, June 13th, l633 ; Lord Douglas of Hawick and 
Tibbers, and Viscount Drumlanrig, April 1, l628 j Lord Douglas 
of Kilmount, Middleby, and Dornock, Viscount Nith, Drum- 
lanrig, Torthorald and Ross ; Earl of Drumlanrig and Sanquhar, 
and Marquis of Queensberry, February llth, I0'82j Earl of 
March j and Lord Douglas of Niedpath, Lyne, and Mannerhead, 
April 20th, 1697. 

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth. Argent, a heart Gules, 
imperially crowned proper; second and third. Azure, a bend Or, 
all within a bordure. 

Supporters. Two Pegasusep, or flying horses, Argent, thtir 
manes, wings, tails, and hoofs. Or. 

Crest. On a Avrealh, a heart, as in the coat, between two 
wings expanded, Or, 

Motto. Forward. 

Chief Seals. Drumlanrig, in the county of Dumfries j Am- 
bresbury, Wilts; and Richmond, Surry. 



74 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




BERESFORD, LORD TYRONE. 

(MARQUIS OF WATERFORD IN IRELAND.) 

This iuiclcnt family of Beresford hath flourished for many cen- 
turies in the counties of Stafford, Warwick and Leicester, and in 
former limes wrote their name Bereford j being originally of 
'' Beresford in the parish of Alstonfield in the first mentioned 
county, whence spreading into those of Derby, Nottingham, Kent, 
Lincoln, and city of London, a branch of the Kentish line re- 
moved into Ireland, and was advanced to the honourable degree 
of Baronet of that kingdom, in the person of Sir Tristram Bercs- 
' ford, and to those of Baron, Viscount, and Earl, in his great 
grandson Sir Marcus Beresford, Earl of Tyrone. 

His Lordship's descent was directly derived from John de Beres- 
ford, who was seized of the manor of Beresford (in old deeds 
sometimes wrote Bereford) in the county of Stafford, October 4th, 
103/ (I Will. Rufus) and therein was succeeded by his son, 

Hugh, who had issue 

Aden de Beresford, the father of 

John, who had two sons, Hugh, and V/iUiam who had aa 
only daughter Julian. 

Hugh, who succeeded, was living 34 Henry IH. 1249, ^^^ 
was father of 

John Beresford, living in the time of Edward I. whose son 

Aden was Lord of Beresford in the county of Stajford, in 8, 
lO, and 17 Edward IL and his son 

John was lord thereof 18 and 21 Edward IIL and had three 
sons, John his heir 3 Richard, living y Rich. II. who left no issue; 
and Aden. 



LORD TYRONE. ys 

John, the eldest sen, lived in the reigns of Edward III. and 
Richard II. and had issue 

John Beresford, of Beresford, who in 1411, 13 Hen, IV. 
gave to his son Aden all his estate in Alstonfield, together with 
the office of one of the foresters of Malbonfrith Forest wiih 
Houseboote, Heyboote, and common of pasture there for thirteen 
cows and a bull, thirteen mares and a horse, and for thirteen sows 
and a boar, to hold to him and his heirs, at the rent of two-pence. 
The wife of this John Beresford was named Cicely, and by her 
he had two sons, John, and the said Aden, who died childless. 

John Beresford, Esq. in 1 Edw. IV. granted all his lands -in 
the counties of Stafford and Derby, to John, Lord Audley, and 
other trustees ; and in 1409 (10 Edw. IV.) he had a release from 
John Pole of eighteen-pence a year rent, issuing out a tenement 
in Wolscoatej and in 14/4 settled an estate on his son John, and 
Margaret his wife upon their marriage. The year after this he 
died, and having married Elizabeth, daughter of William Bassetj 
Esq. of Blore in the county of Stafford, had four sons. 

First, John, his heir. 

Second, Thomas, ancestor to Lord Tyrone. 

Third, Henry ; and, 

Fourth, William, who both died childless. 

John Beresford, Esq. Lord of Beresford, the eldest sonj mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Robert Davenport, of Broomhall in 
Cheshire, Esq. by his wife Joan, daughter of Lawrence Fitton, of 
Gawseworth, Esq. and had John his heir; and Cicely married in 
1306, (21 Hen. VII.) to Thomas Broughton, of Rugeley in the 
county ofStatford, Esq.; John, w^ho succeeded at Beresford, was 
also of Enston in that county, where he lived from 1 Rich. III. to 
27 Hen. VIII. and in 1483, married Elizabeth, daughter of Hugh , 
Erdeswick, of Sandon in Staffordshire, Esq. who died in J463, by 
his wife Cicely, daughter of William Basset, of Blore, and had 
issue Robert; John, who died unmarried; and a daughter mar- 
ried to Noel, of Hilcot in Staffordshire. Robert, tiie 

eldest son, married Mary, daughter of John Barbour, of Flasbrook, 
Gent. ^ by whom he had Sampson Beresford, living at Beresford 
and Enston in the reigns of Henry VIII. and Eliz. and marrying 
Anne, daughter of John Morgan, of Comberton in Worcestershire, 
had five sons and two daughters ; Edward, Walter, John, George, 
Robert ; Mary, married to Thomas Dixwell of Whittiogton ; and 

a See art. of Lord Berwick, p 35, 36. 



76 PEERA.GE OF ENGLAND. 

Catherine, to George Lee, of Mayfield, otherwise Mathfield, both 
in the county of Stafford, Edward, wlio succeeded, married Do- 
rothy, daughter of Aden Beresford, of Fenny Bentley in Derby- 
shire, and dying June 6lh, l620, had an only daughter and heir, 
Olive, born in i5gi, and married to Sir John Stanhope, of Elvas- 
ton, ^ half brother to Philip, the first Earl of Chesterfield^ to whom 
she was first wife ; she died Jan. 2Q, l6[4, and had an only child, 
Olive, married to Charles Cotton,"^ of London, Esq. (son of Sir 
George Cotton) mother by him of Charles Cotton,'' of Beresford, 
Esq. born in 1030, who married, first, Isabella, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Hutchinson, of Outhorp'^ in the county of Nottingham ; 
and secondly Mary, daughter of Sir William Russel, of Strensham 
court in Worcestershire, widow of Wingfield Cromwell, Earl of 
Ai'dglass, by whom he had no issue ; but by the first had Beres- 
ford Cotton his heir, born in 1658, and a daughter married to 
Dean Stanhope, &c. 

We now return to Thomas, second son of John, Lord of Be- 
resford and Enston, ancestor to the Lord Tyrone. He was seated 
at Newton, otherwise Newton-Grange, and Bentley in the countj 
of Derby, in the reigns of Henry VI. and Edward IV. ; the former 
of whom he served in the French wars, and is reported to have 
mustered a troop of horse of his sons, with his and their servants, 
at Chesterfield. He lies buried in the church of Fenny Bentley, 
under a fair alabaster monument, with this inscription ; 

Here lieth the corps of Thomas BEKEsroRi), Esq. the son of 
John Beresford, late Lord of Beresford in the county of 
Stafford, Esq. and Agnes his wife, the daughter and heir 
of Robert Hassal in the county of Chester, Esq. who had 
issue sixteen sons and five daughters. Thomas departed 
this life the 23d of March 1473, and Agnes departed this 
life the l6ih of March 1467. Here also lieth Hugh, third 
son of Thomas and Agnes. 



b Sir John .Stanhope, by his second wife Mary, daughter of Sir John Rat- 
clifTe of Oatsal in Lancashire, Knight, was gieat grandfather to William, 
Earl of Harrington, sworn L. L. of Ireland, September i 3th, 1747. 

"= For whose character see Lord Clarendon's Life, and Cens. Lit. vol. ix. 
p. 340. 

d Charles Cotton the poet. See Hawkins's edition of Walton's and 
Cotton's Angler, and Topographer, vol iii. See also Chalmers's Edition of 
British Poets, 
e See Life of Col. Hutchinson, lately published ; and art Byron, vol vii. 



LORD TYRONE. ^j 

On the side of the Tomb; 

Quem tegit hoc Marmor, si forte requiris. Amice, 

Nubile Beresford tu tibi Nomen habes. 
Luce Patrura clarus, proprio sad Lumine major, 

De gemina merito Nomina Luce capit. 
Largus, Doctus, Amans, aluit, coluit, recreavit 

Musas, Jus, Vinctos, Sumptibns, Arte, DomOj 
Militia excellens, strenuus Dux, fortis et audax, 

francia testatur. Curia testis Agens. 

On the other side of the Tomb : 
Nunc jacet in tumulo resolutus Pulvis in isto 

Lutum, Bulla, Fumus, Pulvis et Umbra sumus. 
Dum loquimur, morimur^ subito vanescimus omnes; 

Si sapiens homo sis, disce. Memento Mori. 

Upon the pulpit : 

Vivere quisque diu cupit, 

sed bene nemo, ast bene quisque 

potest vivere, nemo diu. 

His said wife Agnes, was daughter and heir to Robert Hassal, 
of ArcUiyd in Cheshire, Esq. whose coat armour of Parti per 
Chevron Jrgent and Or, three Pheons Salle, a Crescent for Dif- 
ference, is quartered by the Earl of Tyrone : and their said sixteen 
sons and live daughters were 

First, Aden Beresford, Esq. Lord of Bentley and Bircham, 
who married Elizabeth, daughter of Roger Eyre, of Home, or 
Keyton, in the county of Nottingham, and had two sons and one 
daughter, George; Humphry, who died childless; and Anne, 
married to William Hey wood, of Stonylowin Staffordshire, Gent. 
George, who succeeded, married Benedicta, daughter of Humphrey 
(or Roger) Bradborne, of Hoghe in Derbyshire, Esq, and had 
William, who left no issue; and A.den Beresford, of Fenny 
Bentley, Esq. who made his will in ].'>93, and by Ursula, daughter 
of Thomas Rolleston, of Lea, Gent, had seven sons, who all died 
without issue, and six daughters his coheirs, viz. Elizabeth, (first 
married to Humphry Barlow, of Stoke, Esq. who dying July 10, 
15/0, left an only child, Ursula; and she married, secondly, 
Richard Parkyns, of Bunny in the county of Nottingham, Esq. 
counsellor at law, recorder of Leicester and Nottingham, and by 



78 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

him, who died July 3d, l603, was great grandmother to Sir 
Thomas Parkyns, created a Baronet May 18th, 168I, (ancestor of 

Lord RanclifFe) j Anne, married to Sellers, of Criche in 

Derbyshire ; Maud, to Whitehall ; Mary, to 

Bentley, of Hungry Bentley; Dorothy, to Edward Beresford, of 
Beresford, Esq. ; and Hellen, to John Whitehall, of Yeldersley 
in Derbyshire, Gent, living in 1611. 

Second, Thomas Beresford, of Newton, who married Margaret, 
daughter and heir to Roger Wolgattethorp, and died childless be- 
fore 1512. 

Third, John, of Bradley-Ash in the parish of Bentley. 

Fourth, Hugh, died unmarried. 

Fifth, Hugh, also of Newton, having the manor house and 
better moiety of the manor of Newton-Grange by gift from his 
father, and lies buried in the church of Fenny-Bentley, with an 
inscription upoh the South wall, expressing that he died in 151 6, 
that his son Lawrence died in 15/7, and his grandson in 1607 j 
concluding thus. 

No Epitaph needs make the just man fam'd. 
The good are prais'd, when they be only nam'd. 

His wife was Agnes, daughter of John Longston, of Longston 
in Derbyshire, and he was ancestor to the Beresfords of Newton, 
j4Islo7iJield, Duffield, and Radborne in Derbyshire ; of Ca/ver croft, 
and Garrington in Leicestershire ; oi Stately in JVarwichshire ; 
and of Mayjield and Cank iii Staffordshire. 

Sixth, Robert, of Hillesdale in Staffordshire, who by Joan, 
daughter of Thomas Cantrell, was progenitor of the family there, 
and of Alsop in Derbyshire, both which terminated in heirs ge- 
neral. 

Seventh, Humphry, of Newton- Grange, (by some called the 
second son) ancestor to Lord Tyrone. 

Eighth, Edward, seated at Barnbough in Yorkshire, 12 Hen. 
VIII. in the 15th of which reign he was reader of Gray's Inn, and 
married Joan, only child of Pierce Clotton, Esq. 

Ninth, Denys, of Cutthorpe in the county of Derby, whose 
posterity settled at Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire. 

Tenth, Rauff, died young. 

Eleventh, Roger, sheriff and alderman of London 5 Hen. VIII. 
whom Fuller, in his Worthies, makes to use Sable, three Bears 
§aliant, Or, for his coat armour. He left no issue. 



LORD TYRONE. fg 

Twelfth^ Rauff", who married Emma, daughter of William 
Elton. 

Thirteenth, William, who by Alice, daughter of Thomas 
Barker, had two sons, viz. Denys, of Beresford, of Cutthorpe, 
and Birchover in Derbyshire, who left no issue ; and Christopher, 
of Long Ledenham, in the county of Lincoln, who died October 
12th, 1590, and was there buried, having issue by Bridget, 

daughter of Needham of the county of Derby, five sons, 

viz. WilUam, (who by his second wife, Winifred, daughter of Sir 
Bryan Lascelles, of Gateford in Nottinghamshire, Knight, was 
ancestor to the family of Long Ledenham) ; Francis, of Rowston, 

who married Prudence, daughter of Thornhill, of Oustoa 

in the Isle of Axholme, Lincolnshire, and was progenitor of the 
families at Rowston, and at Fulbeck in the said county ; George] 
John, rector of Scopwick in Lincolnshire : and Edward. 

Fourteenth, Lawrence, of Lea Hall, who married Anne, 
daughter of Thomas Cockaine, of Lea, and died childless before 
11 Hen.VIIL 

Fifteenth, Godfrey. 

Sixteenth, James Beresford, LL. D. canon residentiary, and 
prebendary of Frees in the cathedral of Litchfield, (where he lies 
buried) and founder, August 20th, 1512, of Beresford's chantry 
-in the church of Fenny Bentley. He was also vicar of Chester- 
t field and Worksworth ; and founded two fellowships and two 
scholarships in St. John's college, Cambridge, February 12th, 
11 Hen. VIII. to be called BeresforcVs felioivs and scholars, for 
whose maintenance he gave 400/. to the college, wherewith they 
purchased lands, then of 20/. a year, and the seal to this grant was 
a Bear Saliant. 

First daughter, Alice, was married to John Shalcross, of Shal- 
cross in Derbyshire, Esq. 

Second, Agnes, to Ralph Walker, of Castern in Staffordshire, 
Esq, 

Third, Joan, died unmarried. 

Fourth, Cicely, married to Thomas, son and heir to Roger 
Chetwoode, of Oakley in Staffordshire, and had Roger Chetwoode, 
, of Warleston, who died 2/ Hen. VIII. 

Fifth, Johanna, to William Feme, of Parwich in Derbyshire, 
Esq. 

Humphry Beresford, of Newton Grange, Esq. seventh son, 
ancestor to Lord Tyrone, married Margery, daughter of Edmond 
Berdesley, or Beresley, and had two sons, viz. 



so PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

First, John, who in 1505, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Robert Fitz-Herbert, of Tissington in Derbyshire, and had an only 
child Agnes, married to George Fitz-Herbert, Esq. of the same 
place. 

Second, George, who succeeding to the estate, lived at Newton 
Grange, was steward of the town of Nottingham; and by Helen, 
or Eleanor, daughter of Thomas Greene, of Sussex, Esq. had two 
sons and three daughters, viz. 

First, Michael, his heir. 

Second, Nicholas, of Kenton in the county of Nottingham, 
who married Rose, daughter of John Fitz- William, Esq. and had 
seven sons ; George, born in 154Q, ancestor to the family at 
Kenton; Richard, Thurstan, James, Thomas, Benedict, and 
Francis. 

Daughter Anne, married to John Savage, Esq. and had a son. 
Sir Arthur. 

Grace, to John Neclam, of Caswick in Lincolnshire. 

Mary, to John Rowe, of Uffington in the same county, Esq. 
and she dying July 24th, 1576, left Sir Francis Rowe, Knight. 

Michael Beresford, Esq. the elder son, was an office^- in the 
court ofivards, and seated at Otfordand the Squirres^ in the parish 
of JVestram in Kent, where he was living in 15^4; and marrying 
Rose, daughter of John Knevitt of the same county, had seven 
sons and four daghters viz. 

First, George, who succeeded at Squirres, and by Elizabeth, 
daughter of Randle Cam, citizen of London, was ancestor to the 
family of that place. 

Second, Richard, of Ashburnham in Sussex, who married the 
daughter of Sir Edward Pelham, Knight, and left issue, Henry his 
heir and six other children. 

Third, Tristram, y?"om whom the Lord Tyrone derives. 

Fourth, James, died childless. 

Fifth, Thomas, D. D. and vicar of St. Sepulchre's, London, 
who by Sarah, daughter of Rev. Dr. "Withers, left William his 
heir, and other children. 

Sixth, Cornelius, of Chilham in Kent, who married, first, Eli- 
zabeth, daughter of Thomas Sulyard, of Delaware in that county, 
Esq. by whom he had one daughter Dorothy ; he married, se- 
condly, Dorothy, daughter of Edward Petley, of Chelesfield, Esq. 
and had issue ; Anne, married to her first cousin, Thomas Beres- 

« Now the seat of John Warde, Es(j. 



LORD TYROXE. 8i 

ford of CliiFord's Inn, third son of the aforesnid George Beresford 
of the Squirries, Esq. by whom she had Anne and Elizabeth} 
Elizabeth 3 and Rose). 

Seventh, Henry, who died without issue. 

Daughter Benuet (was married to Sir Thomas Harfleet, alias 
Septuans, of Moland in Ash, com. Kent, Knight), 

France?, (to Robert Leigh, of Beckenham), 

Dorothy, (the tirst wife to Thomas Petley, of Filson), 

Anne, (to Sir William Southland, of Lee" near Canterbury, 
Knight, all in the county of Kent, He died May 1st, l638.) 

Tristram Beresford, Esq. the third son, was born before the 
year 15/4, and coming into Ireland, as juajiager for the corpora' 
tion of Londoners , known by the name of the society of the New 
Plantation in Ulster, at the time they made the plantation in the 
county of Derry, in the reign of Jsmes I. settled at Coleraine in the 

county of Londonderry, having issue by the daughter of 

Brooke, of London, two sons and three daughters, viz. 

First, Sir Tristram, his successor. 

Second, Michael, of Dnngarvan and of Coleraine, Esq. who, 
November 21st, 16j3, was constituted, with his brother, and 
others, commissioners in the precinct of Derry, fur examining 
the delinquency of the Irish, in order to the distinguishing of 
their qualifications for transplantation ; and in l654he was sheriff 
of the counties of Deny, Donegall, and Tyrone, of which he w^as 
also a commissioner of the civil survey and revenue. He married 
Mary, daughter of Sir John Leake, Knight, and by his willj'' 
dated July 5th, l660, directed his body to be buried in the church 
of Coleraine, in his father's sepulchre, which was done accord- 
ingly ; and he had issue by her, who was buiied at Temple 
Patrick in the county of Antrim, one son Tristram, who died 
young 3 and four daughters his coheirs, viz, Anne, married to 
Thomas Whyte, of Redhills in county of Cavan, Esq. j *^ Olive, 
first to Thornton, and secondly to Sir Oliver St. George, 

a There is a memorial for them in the church of Ickham in Kent, in 
which parish the seat of Lee stands. Thomas, grandson of Sir William South- 
land, sold Lee in 1676 to Sir Faul Barrett, serjeant at law, whose great great 
great grandson, Thomas Barrett B;ydges, an Ensign in the first regiment of 
Foot-Guards, now owns it. See Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting, vol iv. 
p. 94; and Hasted's Kent, vol. iii. p-66j. 

b Prerog. Office. 

c He was the son of Francis Whyte, Esq secretary to the L, D. Gran- 
dison, who died May 29th, 1622, by Dorcas, whom he married in 1618, and 
she le-married with George Edwards, of Dublin, Esq. one of her husbansd' 
yOL, VIII. Q 



83 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND 

of Headford in Galway, Bart. ; '^ Elizabeth, to captain Robert 

Sliields; and to Arthur Upton, of Temple Patrick, 

Esq. •= 

Third, a daughter Anne was first married to Sir Edward Dod- 
dington, and secondly to Sir Francis Cooke, Knights, and was 
buried at Coleraine. 

Fourth, Jane, to George Gary, of Redcastle in the county of 
Donegall (descended from the Carys, of Clonelly in Devonshire) 
and by him, who died April 22d, 1040, had five sons and four 
daughters, viz. Francis, of Redcastle, who married Avice, sister 
to Captain flenry Vaughan, and they both lie buried in the 
church of Redcastle, having had issue Francis ; Chichester, who 
died unmarried 3 William j Arthur, who died unmarried; Mar- 
garet; Avice; and Letitia : George; Edward, of Dungiven in 
the county of Deny, who died June 4th, 1686, leaving issue Ed- 
ward ; George; Tristram; Elizabeth; Mary; Anne; and Jane: 
Robert, of Whitecastle in the county of Donegal!, who died in 
March l681, leaving Robert; George; Edward; Tristram; 
William; Anne; Eetitia, and Mary. 

Fifth, Susannah, married to Ellis. 

Sir Tristram Beresford, of Coleraine, Knight, and first Ba- 
ronet, the eldest son, represented the county of Londonderry in 
the parliament of l66l ; and King Charles IL taking into his 
princely consideration his faithful services and sufferings, and 
being desirous to place upon him and his posterity some mark of 
his royal favour, was pleased by privy-seal, dated at Whitehall 



executors : she is mentioned in her brother Michael's will, by the description 
of Mrs. Susan Ellis, widow, third daughter of Sir R.obeit Newcomen, Knt. 
and Bart.; and his issue were three sons and three daughters; Francis; 
Michael, who died unmarried; Thomas, killed at the battle of Aghram; 
Mary, married to Alexander, son of Robert Saunderson, of Castle Saunderson 
in the county of Cavan, Esq ; Dorcas, to Paul, son of Sir Francis Gore, 
of Corstown in the county of Kilkenny, Esq.; and Dorothea, who died 
June 3d, 1695. Francis, the eldest son, married Mary, daughter of Sir John 
Edgeworthe, of Lizard in the county of Longford, Knight, and had two 
daughters, Mary and Anne; and a son Thomas Whyte, of Redhills, Esq. 
who, January 26th, 1708, married Sarah, youngest daughter of James Napier, 
ofLoughcrew in Meath, Esq. and deceasing January icth, 1739, ^^ft issue 
by her (who died January i6th, 1762, and was buried at Belturbet,) an only 
son Francis, of Redhills, Esq. ; and four daughters, Elizabeth, who was mair- 
ried to Marcus Smith ; Mary, to Edward Ellis, Esq. ; Sarah, to Essex Edge- 
worthe ; and Anne, January 3d, 1749, ^° John VVhite, of Rathgowan in the 
county of Limerick, Esq. Decree in Chancery, lO;;. Prerog. Office, 
d Prerog. Office. e Of Lord Templetown's family. 



LORD TYRONE. 83 

March 24th, l664, and by patent at Dublin May 5th, l665, to 
create him a Baronet J He departed this life January 15th, 
1673, and 28th was buried at Coleraine, having married, first, 
Anne, eldest daughter of John Rowley, of Castleroe in the county 
ofDerry, Esq. by his wife Mary, daughter of Robert Gage, of 
Randes in the county of Northampton, Esq. by whom he had an 
only son Randal, and two daughters, Mary ; and Elizabeth, who 
died unmarried, and was buried at Coleraine. 

His second wife was Sarah, daughter of Sackville 

Esq. and by her he had three sons and three daughters. 

First, Tristram. 

Second, Michael, father of the Rev. Sackville Beresford, A.M. 
now deceased, and of a daughter Anne, married October 17th, 
1747, to Thomas Taylor, Esq. Lord Mayor of the city of Dublin 
for the year 1751. 

Third, Sackville, who died unmarried before 1683. 

Susanna, married to William Jackson, of Coleraine, Esq. and 
had a son William and other children ; William married Eliza- 
beth Gorges, and had a numerous issue, one of whom, Elizabeth, 
married Captain Francis Howard, father of Gorges Edmond 
Howard, who, September 17th, 17^13, married Arabella, eldest 
daughter of Captain Philip Parry, of Dublin, merchant, by whom 
he had two daughters, his coheirs, the elder married Mr. Hunter j 
and Catherine, the younger, married Captain Hamilton Gorges, 
third son of Richard, of Kilbrew in the county of Meath, Esq. 
he died June 21st, 17S6. 

Sarah, first to Paul Erasier, Esq. ; and secondly to Edward 
Gary, of Dungiven, Esq. and dying April 13th, l683, she was 
buried at Coleraine. 

And Anne, to Henry Hart, of Kilderry s in the county of 
Donegall, Esq. 

Sir Randal Beresford, the second Baronet, was member for 
Coleraine in the first parliament after the restoration, and in July, 
1662, '' married Catharine, younger daughter of Sir Francis An- 
nesley, Lord Viscount Valentia (by his second wife Jane, sister to 
Philip, the first Earl of Chesterfield). He made his will October 



f April 28th, 1662, he passed patent for a Thursday market, and two 
fairs, to be held May 14th and October T4th, at Ballymulley in the county of 
Perry ; and had three grants of lands under the Acts of Settlement. 
E Information of Rev. William Chichester. 
^ Articles 8> 9> July 1662, coao/. fortune. 



84 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

4th, 1(581, proved June 26th, l682, and left to his lady, all his 
personal estate, for the payment of his debts, and maintenance 
and education of his children ; to whose care, tuition, and guar- 
dianship, he devised them ; appointed his wife executrix, and the 
Earl of Anglesey, lord privy-seal, overseer, and to give his best 
assistance in her aflFairs, and desired his acceptance of a ring, 
value 30/. ' he deceased in October l6'Sl, and was buried at St. 
Martin's in the Fields, London, having had issue by her, who 
died April 3d, 1/01, and was buried at St. JMichan's, Dublin, ^ 
three sons and two daughters, viz. 

First, Artlmr, who died young at Kensington near London, 
and is there buried. 

Second, Sir Tristram. 

Third, Francis, who died young at Ballykelly in the county of 
Derry, and lies buried there. 

' Jane, married to Heut.-general Frederic Hamilton, of Wal- 
worth in the county of Derry, "^ by whom she had no issue, and 
dying in 1/16, was buried under a handsome monument at Wal- 
worth ; where he was also buried. 

Catherine, married in 1697^ to Matthew Pennefather, of 
Cashel in the county of Tipperary, Esq.' and died his widow in 
Dublin, March 21st, 1^55. 



i Prerog. Office. 

k He was member of parliament for Coleraine a pi ivy couHsellor, colonel 
of the royal regiment of foot, and died March 26th, 1732 ; having by his will, 
bearing date August 25th, 1731, devised his leases of the manor of Walworth 
and divers other lands, which he held from the fishmongers company, Lon- 
don, to hii nephew Sir Marcus Beresford, Viscount Tyrone, and his assi;?nees, 
ratifying and confirming such disposition as he had made thereof in his Lord- 
ship's marriage settlement, dated ]uly 16th. 1717. He leaves his estate in 
the counties of Tipperary and Kildare to Frederic Cary, second son of his 
niece, Anne, daughter of his brother George Hamilton, Esq- and wife to 
Henry Cary, of Dungiven, Esq. and his heirs male, remainder to her younger 
sons and their heirs male, they respec'dvely to take and use the surname G,f 
Hamilton ; remainder to Edward her eldest son, and his issue male and 
female, &c- He bequeathed 50/. towards rebuilding the old ruinous church 
at Holy-Cross, in the county of Tipperary, with 3 50 A to be laid out at in- 
terest, or in purchasing lands, the annual produce thereof to be paid for ever 
to the clergyman, who performs the cure and service of the said church ; 
and 30/. to the poor of the parish of Taunafinlagan in the county of Derry. 

1 He was lieutenant-colonel to General Sabine's regiment in Queen 
Anne's wars, and at the first attack of the French in the battle of Oudenarde, 
behaved with great gallantry, and received many wounds; so that returning 
to Ireland, he was rewarded, June 3d, 1709, with the post of muster-master- 
general; and December 23d, i7i!5, appointed comptroller and accomptant= 



LORD TFRONfi. 85 

Sir Tristram Eeresford, of Colera'mc, tlie tliird Baronet, 
born in l66g, was attainted May /th, 1689, by King James's par- 
liament, and commanded a regiment of foot in defence of the 
protestants, against the attacks of that King on their liberties and 
properties. March, 4th, 1698, he made his will, and directed 
his body to be with all decency reposed in a vault, under his seat 
in the church of Coleraine, which he desired should be made for 
that purpose, according to the directions he laid down in his will j 
and that a small monument should be erected in the wall over 
his seat, in memory of him and his ancestors : he confirmed a 
rent charge of 500/. a year, formerly settled upon his wife, is- 
suing out of his estates of 1218/. a year, in the counties of Deny 
and Cavan, as also a provision of 2000/, for daughters portions, 
which with 2000/. more, (being two-parts of 3000/. which he 
allowed by his deed dated July 17th, iQgs, to charge on his es- 
tate) he declared was in full restitution of all portion to his 
daughters, appropriating to his eldest daughter Susanna Cathe- 
rine 1400/. to his second, Arabella Maria, 9GO/. to his third, Jane, 
and to his fourth, Aramintha Olivia, 850/. apiece, and if any of 
them died before marriage, their portion to be equally divided 
between the survivors ; provided for the payment of his debts ; 
constituted his wife and her sister Arabella Susanna, Lady Mao^ill, 
after Lady Dungannon, and Sir John Magill, Bart, his joint ex- 
ecutors, leaving the sole guardianship, tuition and education of his 
children to them, as also the management of the estate during 
their minorities, and as a token of his affection to them, desired 
their acceptance of mourning, with twenty guineas to each for 
buying of rings 5 and lastly, the expences of his funeral, the build- 
ing the said vault and monument, not to exceed 300/. sterlino-, 
bequeathed 10/. to the poor house-keepers, and poor of the parish 
of Coleraine, and 5/. to the poor inhabitants of the parish of 
Erragilkeragh, alias Ballinesaggard, •" and died June ]6th, 1701: 
He married, in February 1687, Nichola Sophia, youngest daughter 
and coheir to Hugh Hamilton, Baron of Glenavvly ; " and by her 

general of Ireland, which he held to his death, November 27th, 1733. His 
surviving issue were four daughters ; Jane, married to William Pallis'er, ot 
Rathfarnham, Esq.; Levina, who died unmarried May 14, 1734, Dorothea 
married to William Williams, of Mount Williams in Meath, Esq. (who left 
her a widow January 0th, 1750, and she died August nth, 1755, leaving one 
daughter) ; and Elizabeth, Countess of Antrim. 

m Prerog. Office 
» Sir Claud Hamilton, of Cochonogh in Scotland, Km. had two sons. 



86 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

who re-married with lieutenant-general Richard Gorges^ of Kil- 
brew in the county of Meath, had issue one son. 



Sir Claud, of Castletoome in the county of A ntrim, Knight, who left no sur- 
viving male issue; and Dr. Archibald Hamilton, made Archbishop of 
Cashel April 20th, 1630, who being a great sufferer in the rebellion of 1641, 
to the amount of 9090/ and forced to fly for the safety of his life, retired 
into Sweden, and died at Stockholm in 1659, near eighty years old, having 
had several sons, of whom Hugh, the second, was created Baron of Lunge in 
Sweden; lived at Ballygally in the county of Tyrone, and was advanced 
March zd, 1660, to the dignity of Lord Hamilton, Baron of Glenawly in the 
county of Fermanagh. He married Susanna, youngest daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Balfour, of Mount- Whany and Pitculio in Fifeshire, Knight. In 1C7S 
he bequeathed the interest of zol for ever to the poor of the parish of Erigil- 
keroye, to be distributed by the minister and churchwardens, for the time 
being,* and dying at Ballygally in April 1670, was buried in the church 
there; having issue by her (who remarried with Henry Mervyn, ofTrelick 
in Tyrone, Esq. died December nth, 1687, and was buried at St. Werburgh's) 
two sons and three daughters; William, Lord Glenawly, who died without 

issue in February 1680 ; , who died young ; Henrietta-Amelia, 

buried at St Peter's, Dublin, September 16th, 1669 ; Arabella-Susanna, mar- 
ried July gd, 1683, to Sir John Magill, of Gill-hall in the county of Downe, 
Bart, and by him, who died in July 1701, hud no surviving issue ; and she 
married, secondly, Marcus, Viscount Dungannon, pursuant to deeds dated 
April igth and 30th, 1700; and the said Nichola-Sophia, Lady Beresford, 
who, in April 1704, married, to her second husband, lieut. -general Richard 
Gorges, whose family, which hath been long seated at Kilbrew in the county 
of Meath, we shall thus delineate, and begin with Robert L.L.D. who mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of Sir Arthur Loftus, Knight, and sister to Adam Vis- 
count Lisbourne, and had issue by her (who died in 1728, and was buried in 
her family vault in St. Patrick's cathedral, Dublin), two sons and two 
daughters; Richard, his heir; Robert, who died without issue; Dorothy, 
died unmarried ; and Elizabeth, married to William Jackson, of Coleraine, 
and had issue. Richard Gorges, of Kilbrew, Esq. was baptized March 2id, 
1662, and embracing a military life, became a lieutenant-general ; in April 
1704, he married, as before observed, to his first wife Nichola Sophia, relict of 
Sir Tristram Beresford, and by her, who died February 23d, I7i3,andwas 
buried in the Earl of Cork's tomb, in St. Patrick's, Dublin, had issue. He 
married, secondly, in December 1716, Dorothy, younger daughter of James 
Stopford, of Tarah-hill in Meath, Esq, and widow of Edward fourth Earl of 
Meath; she died without issue by liim at Kilbrew, April 10th, 1728, and he 
deceasing on the 12th, they were interred at the same time in a chapel con- 
tiguous to the house of Kilbrev/, under a magnificent tomb of white marble. 
His children were, Richard, of Kilbrew; Hamilton, of Catherine's Grove, 
county of Dublin, member of parliament for Swords in the same county, 
April 27th, 17:4, he married Catherine, daughter of John Keating, Esq. and 
dying April 8th, 17S6, left issue by her (who was born in 1705J an only son, 
Richard, educated in Brazen-Nose-College, Oxford, married, March 1st, 



Prcrog. Offic. 



LORD TYRONE. s; 

Sir Marcus, Earl of Tyrone. 

And lour daughters, viz. Susanna-Catberina, born in London 
July 1st, \Qsg, married to Hyacinth Richard Nugent, Lord River- 
ston, who died without issue March 8th, I737, and she deceased 
March 30th, l/SSj Arabella-Maria, born in Dublin November 
1st, \QljO, died unmarried in 1732 ; Jane, born at Coleraine De- 
cember 23d, 1691, married in April 1711,° to Gorges Lowther, 
of Kilrue in the county of Meath, Esq. member of parliament for 
Ratoath, and dying October 20th, 1704, was interred at Ratoath 3'' 
and Aramintha Olivia, who died in 1729, unmarried. 



1775, to the daughter and heir of Arthur Francis Meredith, of Dollardstown 
in the county of Meath, Esq. and was created a Baronet in 1787, by tlie name 
of Richard Gorges Meredith; Lucy, married first to William, former Lord 
Howth, and secondly, to Nicholas Weldon, of Gravelmount in the county of 
Meath, Esq.; and Dorothy, to John, the first Lord Desart. Richard, of 
Kilbrew, member of parliament for Augher, as he was for Enniskillen, mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Fielding, of Dublin, Esq. and had four sons 

and eight daughters, viz. Richard, who died lieutenant-colonel of Lord 
Drogheda's regiment of light dragoons ; he, April 27th, 175^ married Ca- 
therine, younger daughter of Thomas Christmas, of Whitfield in the county 
of Waterford, Esq. and left one son, deceased; John, deceased; Hamilton, 
of Kilbrew; Robert, D. D. vicar of Dunboyne and Kilbrew in Meath, 
which he resigned in 1768, for the rectory of Termonfeckan, and in i7?9, 
was dean of Kilmacduagh; the daughters were Dorothy-Sophia, married, in 
1748, to John Graham, of Flatten in the county of Meath, Esq.; Jane; Eliz- 
abeth, who died young; Catherine; Lucy; Susanna; Amelia, baptized Oc- 
tober 3d, 1737 ; and Elizabeth, baptized December ist, 1738. Hamilton, on 
the decease of his brothers, succeeded at Kilbrew ; he was baptized February 
8th, 1739, was for sometime captain of foot, and April 6th, 1768, married 
Catherine, younger daughter and coheir to Gorges Edmond Howard, Esq. 
(who died in 17S6), and by her wlio is deceased, has issue. Lodge's Collect, 
o Articles dated May 30th, 1711. 
P He left her a widow June nth, 17 16, and had two sons and two 
daughters, viz. Gorges, his heir; Marcus, who in September 1743, married 
Catherine, sister and heir to Sir Edv/ard Crofton, of Moale in the county of 
Roscommon, Bart, on whose decease he took the name of Crofton, and June 
izth, 1758, was created a Baronet; daughter Copula.Beresford, born Feb. 
23d, O. S. and died young; and Sophia Beresford, married first, February 
9th, 1726, to Rowley Hill, of Ballykelly in the county of Deiry, Esq. chosen 
in January, 1733, burgess for Ratoath, who died in 1739. leaving issue, Hugh, 
born January ist, 1727-8; George, drowned at sea; Jane, born May 15th, 
1733, married August 16th, 1753, to John Tew, of Culmullen in the county 
of Meath, Esq. who left her a widow September 6th following; Catherine, 
baptized July zd, 1734, and married in 1752 to Alexander Stewart, of Actow 
in the county of Antrim, Esq.; and Mary: secondly, to Samuel Moore, 
M. D. of Derry, and died in October 1746, leaving issue by him, who died 
in 1763, one daughter Sophia. Gorges Lowther, Esq. who succeeded at 
Kilrue, was born Novembei- 5th, 171.3; he v.as iheriff of the county of Meath 



88 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND 

Sir Marcus Beresford, the fourth Baronet, Jirst EarL of Ty- 
rone, baptized July 27th, \6gA, was left under the guardianship 
of Marcus Viscount Dangannon, and Arabella Susanna his wife, 
andj before he attained his full age, was chosen to parliament for 
the borough of Coleraine, which he continued to represent, until 
King George I. was pleased to advance him to the peerage by 
privy-seal, dated at St. James's June nth, and by patent i at 
Dublin November 4th I720, with the creation fee of twenty 
marcs, and September 25, 1721, he took his seat in the house of 
peers. ^ To which honours King George II. added the superior 

in 1739. and chosen for the borough of Ratoath in the same year, and was 
many years representative for the county of Meath in parliament. On 
April 3d, 1738, he married Judith, daughter of John Usher, of Carrick in the 
county of Leitrim, Esq. by whom he had a son George, who married, July 
aSth, 1767, Frances, eldest daughter of Chambre Brabazon Ponsonby, of 
Ashgrovein the county of Kilkenny, Esq. and by her, who survived him, had 
several children; and a daughter Sophia, who became the second wife of 
William Irwine, of Castle Irvvine in the cour.ty of Fermanagh, Esq. and had 
a numerous issue, the eldest of whom, Major Irwine, was married in 1787, to 
Elizabeth Judge D' Arcy, only daughter and heir to Judge D' Arcy, of Grange- 

begg, Esq who died in February 1760, 'by his wife , daughter of Ed- 

v.ard Nugent, of Robinstown, county of Westmeath, Esq. whom he married 
in July 1765, and she survived him,; eldest son and heir to John D'Arcy of 
same place, by his wife Elizabeth Judge, Lodge. 

q The Preamble. Quorum progenitorcs longa annorum serie insignia. 
propter facinora ac virtutes inciaruerunt, (prout Beresfordiorum genus, ex 
quo in Brittanniam cum antecessore nostro Gulielmo primo penetrarunt) hos 
tneriio nostris honoribus dignari aquum existimamus. lUius prEcclarce 
gentis wnus, nomine Tristram Bevesford, Jacobo primo, quo in Abavo gloria- 
mur, regnum ineunte, in Hibcrniam transiit, ubi multa in rem Anglicanam 
Provincia in Ultoniensi, nondum satis stabilitam, prasclare gessit. Hujus inde 
filius Tristram Beresfcrd Eques, cui cohortis regimen erat conimissum, multa 
cum gloria, rebelles contra Protestantes anno millessimo sexcentissimo qua- 
dragesimo primo immaniter saevientes debellare congressus est, unde propter 
insignem in praeliis virtutem, tltulo Baronettidecoratus est- Pronepos Marcus 
Beresford Eques, majorum vestigiis insequens, atque admodum juvenis, Far- 
liamento Hibernico, anno miilesimo sept"ngentesimo decimo tertio, nostiie 
regali famiiias, blanditiarum nee non minarum securus, sumir.a magnanimi- 
late et constantia adhaesit. Cum pauIo post horum justrium regnorum obti- 
nuissemus, quasi specimen favoris nostri, inter Rarones Hibernicos collocare 
statuimus, verum, illo supplicante, honoris illius dilationem, petitionem im- 
petravit, ex eo tempore Comitis Tyroniensis unicam filiam in matrimonium 
duxit, hasredem ex Asse Gentis atitiquisL-imEC, nempe de la-Powers, qui iu 
Hiberniam cum progenitore regali nostro Henrico secundo migraverunt, ex 
quo perpetuas et latas possessiones, habentes, multi fuerunt nominis ; digni- 
tatem, virtutibus et prosapias tam nobili debitam, praesertim in virum tam 
egregium atque de nobis tam bene inerentein, ulterius deferre baud asquum 
esse existimcmus. Sciatis igitur, &c. Rot. A . 7 Geo. I. i, 3. 
f Lords' Jour. vol. ii. p. 69 j. 






LORD TYRONE. 89 

one of an Earl, creating his Lordship Earlof Tyrone ly privy-seal, 
bearing date at Kensington June 26lh, and by patent* July I8th>. 
J 746/ and October Sth, 174/, he took his seal by that title." 

July 16th, 1717, his Lordahip married the Lady Catherine 
Poer, daughter and heir to James, Earl of Tyrone. " In February 

s The Preamble. As it hath been the constant practice of our royal pre- 
decessors to reward virtue and advance merit, by conferring honours and dig- 
nities upon such persons, as have entitled themselves to receive those favours, 
by their personal qualifications and public services; and, in particular, as our 
royal father, in consideration of the ancient extraction, eminent services, and 
distinguished loyalty of Sir Marcus Beresford, and of his marriage with the 
daughter and heir of the Right Hon. James De-la-Poer, Earl of Tyrone, did 
advance him from the degree of a Baronet, to the state and dignity of Baron 
Beresford, of Beresford, and Viscount of Tyrone : so we, equally studious to 
do justice to a persevering virtue, and demonstrate, by some signal testimony 
of our esteem, how acceptable it is to us, and how freely we are disposed to 
proportion our favours to the deserts of our subjects; haveon a full assurance, 
taken into our consideration how our said faithful and beloved Sir Marcus 
Beresford, Lord Viscount Tyrone, hath adorned his dignity by his conduct, 
and hath rendered himself worthy of an addition of honour by his inviolate 
attachment to our royal person and government; his unafiected zeal for the 
established religion ; his strenuous support of the constitution and laws of 
his country, even in the most critical and hazardous times; his unbounded 
charity, and constant provision of work for numbers of poor; with many 
other qualities and virtues equally deserving our royal notice : these reasons 
readily induce us to confer the superior title and degree of an Earl on a person, 
so well qualified to receive, and withal, so well enabled to support the honour 
by an affluent fortune. Know ye therefore, &c. 

t Rot. Cane. 2o. Geo. II. 3a. p. Do. 
u Lord's Jour. vol. iii. p. 662- 

X We shall here briefly deduce her ladyship's descent from Sir Roger 
La-Poer, (sometimes written Power,) who accompanied Richard Strongbow, 
Earlof Pembroke, in his expedition to Ireland, to reinstate Dermoid Mac- 
Murrough in his kingdomof Leinster, and after the success of that enterprize, 
assisted John de Courcy in his reduction of Ulster, for which services he was 
rewarded with divers lands. Cambrensis thus writes of him ; " If it might 
be said without offence, there was not one man, who did more valiant acts 
than Roger le Poer ; who, although he were but a young man and beardless, 
yet he shewed himself a lusty valiant, and courageous gentleman, and who 
grew into such good credit, that he had the government of the country about 
Leighlin, as also in Ossory, where he was traitorously killed; on whose 
slavighter a conspiracy was formed among the Irish to destroy the English, 
and many castles were destroyed." He married the niece of Sir Amory St. 
Laurence, ancestor to the Earl of Howth, and was murdered in 1189, leaving 
issue John Le Poer, living 1197, the father by Etheldreda who was living in 
ijzj,* of Matthew, the father of Sir Eustace, who sat in parliament in 129,, 



• M.SS. pedig. Trin. Coll. Dub. Class, f Tab. 4, No. 18. 



go PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

1743-4, Lady Tyrone gave 50/. towards the erecting of the hos* 
pital for incurables in Dublin ; put up ten beds for the use of the 
said hospital, and subscribed 50 /. a year for their support. 



of which parliament Cox has given a list, * and in 1197 (25 Edw. I.) the King 
sent to John Wogan, Lord Justice, commanding him to give summons to the 
nobles of Ireland, to prepare themselves with horse and armour to serve 
against the Scots, and withal wrote to the said nobles, and among others to 
/y6/j Sir Eustace. (HoUing. p. 63. See the letter in Sir George Carew's col- 
lection, a manuscript in the Bodlean Library, vol. iii. p. 51, who quotes 
thus, Claus3£, de anno, 23 Edw. 1. M. 14, in scedula pendente, and there is 
also in the same book and page, another letter, from the same King to his 
nobles, and among others, to /his Sir Eustace, Clausse de anno 30 Edw. I. M. 
16, in scedula pendente.) He died in 1311 f leaving isbue Lord Arnold La- 
Poer, who in 1309 slew Sir John Boneville in single combat, and was ac- 
quitted of the fact in a parliament held at Kildare in 1310, it being proved to 
be done in his own defence. % He was one of King Edward L commanders 
in the army which opposed Edward Le Urus in 1315. § In 1325, King Ed- 
ward II. made him Seneschal of the county and city of Kilkenny, but in 
1327 he caused great disturbances among the nobles, by calling the Earl of 
Desmond RhymeriW in 1328 he was arrested, and accused of heresy by 
Richard Lederede, bisliop of Ossory, and confined in the castle of Dublin, 
where he died before he could be tried ; and though the Lord Justice Raver, 
(Roger) Outlaw Prior of Kilmainham, made it appear that Lord Arnold was 
falsely accused, yet he remained a long time unburied, because he died a»- 
assoykd; \ he left issue Lord Robert Poer, Seneschal of the county of Wex- 
ford, and treasurer of Ireland, to whom a liberate of 40/. was granted, July 
16th, 1335, in recompence of his charges and services, in suppressing and paci- 
fying certain discords between the English and Irish in those parts, for the 
good of the commonwealth** To him succeeded his son Matthew, living 
23 Edward III. who by his wife Avicia, (living in 1342) had John, living in 
the reign of the said King, and by Joan his wife, had Richard, who deceased 
in 1371,1+ leaving a son Nicholas, who was sunwioned to parliament by 
•writ, November 22d, 1375, (48 Edsv. III.) January 20th, 1378, (i Ric. II.) 
September nth, 1381, {4 Ric. 11.; and April 29th, 1383, (5 Ric. 11.); these 
are the most ancient writs of summoiis to parliament that remain on record, in 
the rolls office of Ireland, and from the first of them the present Marquis of 
Waierford, as Baron La Poor, derives. This Nicholas, lived to a great age, 
and died, the year uncertain, leaving issue Richard Lord La Poi^r, of Curragh- 
more, mentioned in a grant of lands from Henry VIII. to Edward Poer, 
the Bastard hiothet of Peter Lord La Poer, the son of thii Richard Lord La 



« Cox p. 85, 86. + Cambden and Marlboro' sub hoc Anno. 

X Hoi. p. 65, Camb. sub hoc Anno- Cox, p 91. 

S Camb and Marlb. sub hoc anno. Hoi p. 66, Cam|). Gox p. 94. 

Campion, p. 87. Davis, p. 134. Camb. sub hoc anno. Cox, p 107, 

5 Catnb- and Marlb. sub hoc anno. p. 87- 

** Rot. 90. Edw. I II. f. see also 170. Edw. III. f. 

+ + MS. Trin. Coll. 



LORD TYRONE. 9 1 

His Lordship deceased at Tyrone House in Dublin, April 4th, 
1763, having had issue by his Lady, who survived him, seven 
sons and eight daughters, viz. 

Poer, * who married Catherine, daughter of Sir Richard Butler, Earl of Or- 
mond, who died in 1405, and by her had issue, 

Pkter Lord La Poer, mentioned in the above grant, + who married the 
daughter of the Lord Decies, and by her had a son Richard, created Lord 
Bartn La Poer, of Curraghmore, September 13th, 1535; he was slain in the 
service against the Irish rebels in 1539 or 154.1, % and at the time of his de- 
cease, was seized in fee of the manors of Curraghmore, Culefin, Gortbady 
and other hereditaments in the county of Waterford. He married Catherine,^ 
second daughter of Pierce the eighth Earl of Orm«nd, and by her, who re- 
married with James the fourteenth Earl of Desmond, and died March 17th, 
1552,11 had a daughter EUice, married to Thomas Fitzgerald, eldest son of 
James the fifteenth Earl of Desmond, by his first wife ; and four sons, viz. 
Peter, his heir; John, of whom hereafter ; and Thomas, of Culefin, who had 
issue James, his successor, father of Thomas, of Culefin, who died there 
December 15th, 1637, and was buried in the cliapel of Klloonuey in the 
county of Waterford, leaving issue by his wife Margaret, daughter of Peter 
Butler, of Monynory in the county of Wexford, Esq four sons and four 
daughters, viz. Peter, of Culefin, who married Catherine, daughter of William 
Wall, of Coolenemucky in the county of Waterford, Esq ; Richard, who 
married Gyles, daughter of David Power, of Coolroe, in the same county, 
Gent.; John, who died without issue ; James; daughter Joan ; Gyles, mar- 
ried to Geffrey Fanning, of Fannningston in the county of Tipperary, Gent. ; 
Catherine; and Margaret, married to Richard Power, of Balinecurry in the 
county of Waterford, Gent. 

Peter, Lord La Poer, the eldest son of Richard Lord La Poer, suc- 
ceeded his father; he was born in 1522, and dying unmarried December 
loth, 1545. was succeeded by his brother 

John (More] Lord La Poer, born in 1527 : he sat in the parliament held 
by the L- D. Sussex, January 12th, 1559, as he also did in Sir John's Perrott's 
April 26th, 1585. In 1556 he marched at the head of a considerable army, to 
the assistance of the chief governor Sydney, against the rebel Shane O'Neil, 
Earl of Tyrone, and was a person of great worth, as appears from Sir Henry 
Sydney's accovmt of the province of Munster to the lords of the council, 
dated February 27th, 1575, who makes this honourable mention of him: 
" The day I departed from Waterford, I lodged that night at Corragmore, 
the house that the Lord Power is Baron of; where I was so used, and with 
such plenty and good order entertained (as adding to it the quiet of all the 
country adjoining, by the people called, Poiver Country, for that that surname 
has been since the beginning of Englishmen's planting inhabitants there) it 
may be well compared with the best ordered country in the English Pale. 
And the lord of the country, though he be in scope of ground a far less ter- 
ritory than his neighbour is, yet he lives in shew far more honourably and 



* MS. Trin. Coll. + Rot. Pat 370 Ken VIII. 

X Rot. Pat.de Ao. 1 fcliz. 

\ Sydney's State Papers, vol. i- p, tjo. || R.olls Offi. and Lodge- 

I 



92 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 



First, James. 

Second, Marcus, baptized February 22d, 1727- Mied yoQngi 



Third, Marcus, born December 23d, 1/33. J 
Fourth, George De la Poer, Lord Tyrone, 

plentifully than he or any other, whatsoever he be, of his calling, that lives 
in that province. And albeit the soil, for the most part, of itself, is very 
barren; yet is there not any gentleman or freeholder of that country, but may 
make more of an acre of land there, than they have of three in the county of 
Kilkenny, the next county confining on the one side (where the soil is very 
goodj or in the Decies, the lordship next adjoining on the other side ; and this 
was openly spoken before me, and affirmed by credible persons, having land 
in both : and this was yielded for the reason, for that they suffer no idle man 
in the one, and are oppressed with them in the other." * By Ellen, alias 
Margaret, daughter of James, the fifteenth Earl of Desmond, he had Cathe- 
rine, or Ellen, married to Peter, the seventh son of James Earl of Ormond, a 
rebel in 1:569, and his successor Rich a rd, Lord Poer, who had a warrant from 
Oueen Elizabeth, dated at Greenwich, May3ist, 1^88, ordering agrant to be 
passed in fee-farm to Richard, the grandson of this Richard, by the name of 
Richard Poer, son and heir of the Lord Poer, of so much of the crown lands, 
as would amount to 50/- a year English, " in respect as well of his own, as 
of his ancestors good services done unto us and our progenitors; his grand' 
father the Lord Poer, having been slain in that realm of Ireland, in service 
against the rebels ; his uncle having been slain at Bulloigne, in the service of 
our late father of happy memory, and his own father, (then living) and also 
himself, having in that our realm, and in this our time, been sore wounded 
in our service." t He married Catherine, daughter and heir to John, Vis- 
count Buttevant, and dying at Curraghmore, August 2d, 1607, had issue five 
sons and thre; daughters, viz John (Oge) his heir apparent ; Pierce, of Mona- 
largey in the county of Waterford, who manied Catherine, fourth daughter 
ofWalter, Earl of Ormond; Julia, married in 1615 to Thomas, Lord Kerry; 
Ellen, to David Condon, chief of his Sept; and Elizabeth, first to David, 
Viscount Buttevant, and secondly, to Patrick, son of Sir John Sherlock, of 
Ualina-Clarahan in Tipperary, Knight. 

John (Oge) the eldest son was killed in his father's lifetime, by Edmund 
Fitz-Gerald, the •white knight, J and having married Helen, daughter of David 
Viscount Buttevant, had issue (by her who remarried first with Thomas 
Duife, the tenth Earl of Ormond, and secondly with Sir T. Somerset, Vis- 
count Cashel), John, successor to his grandfather; and Ellen, wife to Maurice, 
Viscount Fevmoy. John, Lord La Poer being only eight years and a half 
old at his grandfather's death, became the ward of King James I. who, De- 
cember 7th, i6c6, granted his wardship to his mother; but March 30th, 16^9, 
he had a special livery of his estate,^ (he became a lunatic before the re- 
bellion of 1641,) and marrying Ruth, daughter and heir to Robert Pyphoe, of 
St. Mary's Abbey, Esq. had five sons and four daughters, viz Richard, 
created Earl of Tyrone; Pierce, of Killowen in the cou«ty of V/aterford, 



* Sydney's Letters, vol. i. p. 90. f Rot. A\ i Eliz. 

X MS. Pedig. Trin Coil. S Rot. 23 Car. II. 



LORD TYrxOXE. pS 

Fifth, John, born March 14th, 1737-8, was educated in the 
University of Dublin, took the degree of A. B, February 26th, 

who married Honora, daughter of John, the second Lord Britta?, liaving issue 
Richaid, who died there in February 1635, leaving by Ellen, daughter of William 
Butler, of Balliboe county of Tipperary, Gent. ; John, his heir, which John, mar- 
ried Ellen, daughter of Daniel Msgragh, of Mountain-Castle in the county of 
Waterford; Pierce, whose daughter Judith, was married to Mr. Ducket; James, 
Ellen, and Anne;* and founded the family at Rathcormack in the county of 
Watei-ford : Robert; John, who died unmarried in Dublin ; David, who died there 
August 17th, 1651, and was buried at St. Michan's; Ellen, married to Thonia* 
Walsh, of Piltown, senior, Esq. : Catherine, to John Fitz-Gerald, of Dromana, 
Esq whose only daughter, Catherine, was mother of John, late Earl Gran- 
dison ; Margaret and Mary. 

Richard, Lord Le Pqei;Jirst £arlefTyrone,\vho succeeded, was married May 
£0, 1673, to Catherine, daughter and heir to John Fitz-Gerald, of Dromana and the 
Decies, Esq. (who died in 166S) : they were maiTied by Gilbert, archbishoo of Can- 
terbury, in his chapel at Lambeth; but she afterwards married Edward Fitz-Gerald 
Villiers, Esq. and was mother of John, late Earl Grandison.f This Richard, was 
created, by patent dated at Westminster Oct. 9, same year. Viscount Decies and Earl 
tf Tyrone. Preamble. Sciatis quod, nos grata et laudabilia servitia, qua dilectu-: et 
fidelis Richardus, Dominus Baro de la Power de Curraghmore in comitatu nostro 
Waterford in regno nostro Hibernia;, ac antecessores et .famiha ejus in gueriis 
contra rebelles in Hibernias, in quibus plurimi eorum occubuerunt, nobis et pro- 
genitoribus et predecessoribus nostris, regibus et Reginis Anglis, multiphciter ini- 
penderunt, et qua dictus Baro constanter impendere non desistet : nee non 
specimina crescentis virtutis, strenuitatem, circumspectionem, et fidelitatem 
ipsius Richardi Baronis de la Power et Curraghmore, qu'bus omnes ante- 
cessores ejus praire indies conatur, perpendentss quasque incitare et remunerare 
decrevimus, de gratia nostra special!, &c. with twenty marcs creation fee for sup- 
port of the ti:le of Viscount, and 20 /. for that Earl, i and dying in the Tower of 
London, October 14th, 1690, was buried at Farnborough in Hnntshire, the burial 
place of Arthur, Earl of Anglesey, whose eldest daughter Dorothy, he had mar- 
ried in 1654, and by her, who died at Waterford, and was buried in the cathe- 
dral there, he had isfue Arthur, who died young in Waterford ; John and James, 
Earls of Tyrone ; and Dorothy. It is very remarkable, that in so long a suc- 
cession in this family, and in a country continually disturbed and torn by rebel- 
lion and civil wars, that not one of this family was ever engaged in any rebellioa 
against the crown of England, nor was there ever a forfeiture in the family dur- 
ing the space of 600 years that they have been planted in Ireland ; and thiy at this 
day enjoy the old family lands, and reside at the same place that they were origi- 
nally settled in, in the county of Waterford. In a grant of letters patent from 
King Charles II. to this Richard Lord La Poer, bearing date May 9th, 23 of his 
reign, there is this recital, " That the ancestors of the said Richard Lord La Poer, 
from their first planting in Ireland, for about four hundred years, had entirely 
preserved their faith and loyalty to the crown of England ; in consideration there- 

;? — 

* MS. Pedig. Trin. Coll. 

f Plea and Ans. Villiers to Poer, 14 November, 1676 

\ Rot. Pat. 260. Car. IL 3a. p. f. R. 9. 



94 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

1754, and having studied the law in the inns of courts was ad- 
mitted a barrister in Hilary Term 1760, In 1 7/0, he was ap- 
pointed a commissioner of his Majesty's revenue, at which board 
he for many years presided; and in 1772, he was appointed by 
patent, taster of wines in the port of Dublin. He served several 

fore, of the merit of this Richard and his ancestors, and to encourage the loyalty 
of others, &c.'' This carries the antiquity of the family to the 56 of Henry III. 
the year 1270. 

John, the second Earl of Tyrone, dying a batchelor in Dublin, was buried in 
the church of Carrick, under a black marble monument, with this inscription: 

Here lieth the Body of the 

Right Honourable John Power 

Earl of Tyrone, 

who died the 14th of October 

J693, in the 29 Year of his 

Age. 

James, his brother and heir, the third Earl, was governor of the county and 
eity of Waterford ; and December 13th, 1692, married Anne, elder daughter, and 
(with her sister Elizabeth, wife to James May, of Mayfield, Esq.) coheir to An- 
drew Rickards, of Dangan-Spidoge, in the county of Kilkenny, Esq. (who died 
August 18th, 1693,) by his wife, Anne, daughter and heir to the Reverend 
Thomas Hooke, of Dangan-Spidoge, D. D. who by his will dated October 10th, 
1671, proved August 3d, 1672, devised to his wife Anne, the town and lands of 
Dangan-Spidoge, which he purchased in the name of Ashburnham, Esq. for life 
upon condition that she should, within six months after his decease, make a lease 
thereof to his daughter Anne, wife of Andrew Rickards, during both their lives, 
at the annual rent of 80/. remainder after her decease to his said daughter and 
her heirs for ever: he also gave unto his said wife his house in the great cloister 
of Christ Church of Chichester, called by the name of Mortimer's Chantry, to 
her and her heirs, and the lease of the farm which he holds of the church of 
Chichester, and gave her twenty old gold pieces, and a little box of gold, and wills 
her not to part with it, but to leave it to her daughter Anne, • and by her, who in 
July, 1716, remarried with George Mathew, of Thomastown in Tipperary, Esq, 
and died at the Bath September 26th, 1729, let. fifty-nine, had an only daughter 
and heir, the Lady Catherine Poer, married as in the text. His Lordship lies 
buried (with Anne his wife,) in Carrick, with this memorial on a neat whitf 
marble monument : 

Here lies the Body of James Power, Earl of 
Tyrone, who died the 19th of August 1704, 
in the 38th year of his Age. 
And also the Body of Anne his wife, 
who departed this Life the 26th Day 
of September 1729. 
Thus the male line of this truly ancient family became extinct, but the Countess 
Dowager of Tyrone, on claiming as her right the barony of La Poer, the same I 
was admitted by the House of Lords of Ireland (as we have already shewn) 
and allowed and confirmed by his Majesty. 

* Prerog. OfRc. 



LORD TYRONE. 0, 

parliaments for the county of Waterford, both in Ireland, and in 
the imperial parliament; and was sworn of his iMajesty's most 
honourable privy councils in Great Britain and Ireland. He died 
in JNIovember 1805. 

On November l2th, 1760, he married to his>./ wife Anne 
ConstantKi Ligondes, of the house of Ligondes, of Auvergne 
in France (whose grandfather was colonel in the French servL, 
and being taken prisoner at the battle of Blenheim, was sent 
to England with Mareschal Tallard; he "there married Frances 
^ ^ountess Dowager of Huntingdon, relict of Thomas, sixth 
Viscount Kilmorey, and also of Theophilus, seventh Earl of 
Huntmgdon; by this Lady, who died December 27th, 1723 
the Colonel had one son, the father of Mrs. Beresford) and 
by her, who died October 2Sth, 1772, and was buried at Clone- 
gam, he had four sons and five daughters, viz. first, Marcus, born 
February 14th, 1764, member of parliament for the borough of 
JDungarvan, 1789, &c. and joint taster of wines with his father • he 
died in November 1797, having married Lady Frances Arabella 
youngest daughter of Joseph, Earl of Miltown, by whom he left 
sons, of whom the eldest is in the army. Second, Georc^e De la 
Peer, born July ]gth, 1760, Lord Bishop 0/ A7/;^.ore,%iarried 
Frances, daughter of Jarvis Parker Busne, Esq. ofKilfane, and 
has issue. Third, John Claudius, born October 23d, 1766, member 
of parhament for Dublin city, 1799, married, July 1795, Miss 
Menzies. Fourth, Charles Cobbe, in holy orders, born October 
22d, 1770. Daughter Catherine, born September 28th, J761 
married to the Right Honourable Henry Theophilus Clements' 
brother to Robert, late Earl of Leitrim ; Elizabeth, born Nol 
vember 24^1, 1762, died August 1.5th, .788, and w^as buried at 
Clonegam; Nannette-Constantia, born April l6th, 1768 mar, 
ned January 7th, 179O, Robert Uniacke, Esq. of Wood-house, in 
Waterford; Jane, born June 13th, 1 769, and married in October 
1788, to George, eldest son of Sir Hugh Hill, of Londonderry, 
•bart. ; and Aramintha. 

He married secondly, June 4th, 1774, Barbara, second 
daughter of Sir William Montgomery, of Magbie-hill in Scot, 
^nd who died in Dublin, December 1788, and by her had issue 
Wilham Barre, born May I2th, 178O, died May 29th, 1783, and 
was buried at Kinsely in the county of Dublin ; James Hamilton, 
born February I8th, 1782, died November 7th, ]S06; Henry 
Barre, born September 25tb, 17815 Hannnh, born May 16th, 



g6 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

1775; Barbara, born July 8th, 177O, died May Stb, 1786; 
Frances Honoria, born September 3d, l777j Anna Maria, born 
October 30th, 1778, died October 11th, I779j and Elizabeth, 
born January 27tb, 1786. 

Sixth, William Hamilton, born May 8th, 1739, died in 1740, 
and was buried at Clonegam. 

Seventh, William, Archbishop of Tuam, born in April 1743, 
entered into holy orders, was presented to the rectory of Urney 
in the diocese of Derry; consecrated pursuant to letters patent, 
April 0th, 17SO, Bishop of Drowore, and thence translated in 
April 1782, to the episcopal see of Ossory, from whence he was 
translated to the Archbishopric of Tuam, 179^- June 12th, 
] 763, he married Elizabeth, second daughter of the late John 
Fitz-Gibbon, Esq. representative in parliament for the borough 
of Newcastle, and sister to John, late Earl of Clare, Lord 
Chancellor of Ireland. And by this Lady, who died August 24th, 
I8O7, hath had issue ten sons and six daughters, of whom Tho- 
mas, Henry, John, Henry, William, William, and Elizabeth, died 
infants, and were interred at St. Peter's in Dublin ; and the 
others were, first, Marcus, in the army, died 1807; second, 
John, in holy ordei's ; third, George de la Poer, in holy orders, 
married Susan, daughter of Hamilton Gorges, Esq. ; fourth, Wil- 
liam, in holy orders, married, July icith, 1804, Lady Anne 
Bennet, second daughter of Charles Earl of Tankerville ; Cathe- 
rine, married May 4th, 179"*. Reverend Arthur Preston 5 Ara- 
raintha, married, January 25th, 1796, Thomas Birmingham 
Sewell, Esq. ; Harriot, married Reverend William Armstrong ; 
Frances; and Louisa, married, April l6tb, ISOO, Thomas Hope, 
Esq. 

Daughter, Lady Anne, married August l6th, 1738, to Wil- 
liam Annesly, created Viscount Glerawley. 

Lady Jane, married August 10th, 17^3, to the Right Hon, 
Edward Cary, of Dungiven in the county of Derry, knight of the 
shire for Derry, and a member of the privy-council in Ireland, 
but had no issue. 

Lady Elizabeth died young, and was interred at St. Peter's 
in Dublin. 

Lady Catherine, married, December 8th, 1748, to Thomas 
Christmas, of Whitefield in the county of Waterford, Esq. knight 
of the shire for Waterford : he deceased without issue, March 28th 
following J and March 23d, 1754, she remarried with the Right 



LORD TYRONE. Qf 

Hon. Theophilus Jones, ^ died March 28tb, 17G3,andwas buried 
at St. George's chapel Dublin, leaving issue. 

Lady Sophia, died in September 1740, and was buried at 
Clonegam. 

Lady Aramintha, born September 17th, 1730, and married 
April 2'lth, 1/55, to George Paul Monck, of St. Stephen's-Green, 
Esq. by whom she had Aramintha-Louisa, married to the late 
Rev. Gustavus Hume, rector of Elderonine and Rathdown, who 
both died in May 1805. 

Lady Frances Maria, born October 9th, 1731, and married, 
April I3th, 1762, to Henry Flood, of Family in the county of 
Kilkenny, Esq. member of parliament for Kilbeggan, and son of 
the Right Hon. Warden Flood, lord chief justice of the King's 
Bench. 

Lady Elizabeth, born August 8th, 1736, and married, May 1, 
1751, to Thomas Cobbe, of Newbridge, county of Dublin, Esq, 
only son of Dr. Charles Cobbe, who died Archbishop of Dublin, 
and by him had issue Charles, born November 14th, 1756, late 
member of parliament for the borough of Swords 3 Catherine, 
married to the late Hon. Henry Pelham, brother to the present 
Earl of Chichester ; and Elizabeth, married, in November 1784, to 
Sir Henry Tuite, of Sonagh in the county of Westmeath, Bart, 
but hath no issue. ^ 

We return now to Elizabeth, Countess Dowager of Tyrone, 
who considering herself as the lineal and chief representative of 
the ancient and noble family of De La Poer, on the decease of 
the Earl her father, preferred a petition to the King, praying the 
restoration to her and her family of the ancient barony of La Poer, 

y Son of Walter Jones, of Headi'ord, county of Lcitrim, Esq. married in 
1722 to Olivia, eldest daughter of Chidley Coote, of Coote-Hallin the county 
of Roscomon, Esq. (by his second wife] and dying in May 1756, left issue by 
her, Theophilus, and four daughters, Margaret, married in 1754, to her cousin 
Chidley Morgan; Catherine, to the late Sir Nathaniel Barry, M. D. of 

Dublin, Bart. ; Elizabeth, to Doctor Crofton, son of Crofton, of Lis- 

burn in the county of Leitrim, Esq ; and Frances, to lieut. -general Thomas 
Bligh, being his second wife. Theophilus, the only son, was chosen to re- 
present the county of Leitrim in parliament, in 1768 he was chosen for Cole- 
raine, and was afterwards M. P. for the borough of Monaghan ; he was 
appointed secretary to the Earl of Bristol when lord lieutenant ; was sworn 
of the privy-council, and made collector of the port of Dublin ; he had two 
sons by his first wife; and in 176s, he married, secondly, Anne, third 
daughter of Colonel John Murray, deceased [by the Lady Dowager Blayney) 
and hath issue. (Lodge Collect.^ 

z Pedigree entered in British House of Lords, Ulster's Office, Lodge 
Collect, and Family Information. 

VOt. VIII, H 



gs PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

which petition by royal authority was referred November 9th, 
1767) to the consideration of the house of peers of Ireland, who 
appointed the 16th to hear council on her behalf, which being 
done, and on the examination of witnesses it was resolved, " That 
the Right Hon. the Countess Dowager of Tyrone hath fully 
proved her claim to the Barony of La Poer, in fee, and hath a 
right to the said barony in fee." ^ On the following day the 
house came to this further resolution, " That the Speaker do at- 
tend his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant with the resolution of 
this house of yesterday, whereby the Right Hon. Catherine, 
Countess Dowager of Tyrone, hath proved her title to the ba- 
rony of La Poer, in fee, and lay the same before his Excel- 
lency," '^ which resolutions being transmitted to his Majesty, he 
was graciously pleased to confirm the same, as appears by the fol- 
lowing letter to George, Viscount Townshend, Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland. 

Whitehall, December 19th, 1767- 
*' My Lord, 

'* Having laid before the King your Excellency's letter of the 
19th November, inclosing the resolution of the House of Lords of 
Ireland, on the petition of Catherine, Countess Dowager of Ty- 
rone, to his Majesty, referred to their Lordships' consideration, 
together with the report of his Attorney and Solicitor Generals of 
the kingdom of Ireland, and divers proofs in support of the said 
petition ; by which the petitioner sets forth her claim to the 
barony of La Poer, in fee, by descent of her grandfather, Richard, 
who sat and voted in parliament as Baron La Poer, till the twenty- 
fifth year of his late Majesty, King Charles II. he was advanced 
to the title and dignity of Earl of Tyrone, to him and heirs male 
of his body: which resolution of their Lordships states, 'That the 
Right Hon. Catherine, Countess Dowager of Tyrone, hath fully 
proved her claim to the barony of La Poer, in fee, and hath a 
right to the said barony in fee." I am hereupon to acquaint your 
Excellency, that his Majesty is graciously pleased to confirm the 
same ; and to order that the said Catharine, Countess Dowager 
of Tyrone and her heirs, be allowed to enjoy all the rights and 
privileges belonging to the said barony of La Poer. 
" I am, with the greatest truth and respect, 
" My Lord, 
" Your Excellency's most obedient humble servant, 

" SHELBURNE."'- 

a Lord's Jour iv. 418,420,421. b ibid. c ibid. 44t. 



LORD TYRONE. 99 

Her Ladyship deceased July l6th or 27th, 1769, when the 
aforesaid barony devolved on her eldest son 

Sir George De la Poer, the second Earl of Tyrone, and ^rst 
Marquis of Jf^atsrford, and first Lord Tyrone o/* Hauer/brrf- 
IFest, who was born January 8th, 1735, and succeeded to the 
Earldom April 4th, 1763} on October 7th, 1766, he was made 
governor and custos rotulorum of the city and county of Water- 
ford. His Lordship was a member of the privy-council in Ire- 
land, an original Knight Companion of the msst illustrious Order 
of St. Patrick, and August 21st, 1786, his Majesty was pleased to 
call him to a seat in the British House of Peers, by the title of 
Baron Tyrone, of Haverford-lVesl in the county of Pemlroke. 
On August 19th, 1789, he was created Marquis of IVbterford. 
His Lordship married, April 18th, 1769, Elizabeth, only daughter 
of Henry Monck, Esq. by his wife Lady Anne Isabella Bentinck, 
second daughter of Henry, Duke of Portland, and by her had 
issue. 

First, Marcus, Lord La Poer, born March 17th, 1771> de- 
ceased August 10th, 1783. 

Second, Henry, born May 23d, 1772, present peer. 

Third, Lord John George, born November 22d, 1773, now 
Lord Bishop of Raphoe. 

Fourth, Lord George Thomas, born February 12th, 178I, 
lieutenant of the second dragoon guards, or Queen's bays, married, 
November 22d, 1808, Miss Henrietta Schutz, of Suffolk, by whom 
he has issue. 

Fifth, Lady Isabella Anne, born May 28th, 1776. 

Sixth, Lady Catherine, born llth, 1777* 

Seventh, Lady Anne, born July 26th, 1779. 

Eighth, Lady Elizabeth Louisa, born February 2d, 1783. <^ 

The Marquis deceasing December 3d, 1800, was succeeded 
by his son 

Henry, present and second Marquis of Waterford, and second 
Lord Tyrone. 

His Lordship married, August 29th, 1805, Lady Susan Hussey 
Carpenter, only daughter and heiress of George, late Earl of 
Tyrconnel ; and has issue 

A daughter, born November 8th, I8O7. 

Titles. Henry De La Poer Beresford, Marquis of Waterford, 
Earl, Viscount and Baron of Tyrone, Baron La Poer, Baron Beres- 

d Family Informaiton, 



100 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

ford, and Baronet, in Ireland : also Baron Tyrone of Haverford 
West, in Great Britain. ' 

Creations. Baronet May 5th, 1665, l7Car. II. 3 Baron La 
Poer in fee, Baron Beresford of Beresford in the county Cavan, 
and Viscount of the county of Tyrone November 4, 1720, 7 Geo. I. 
Earl of the same county July 18th, 1746, 20 Geo. II.; and 
Marquis of Waterford in Ireland, August 19th, 1789 ; Irish ho- 
nours. Also Baron Tyrone of Haverford-West in the county 
of Pembroke August 21st, 17S6, 26 Geo. Ill, 

Arms. Argent, crusuly fitchee, three fleurs-de-lis and a border 
ingrailed, sable. 

Crest. On a wreath, a drag6n's head, erased or, with a spear 
broken through his neck, gules, the point, argent, thrust through 
his upper jaw. 

Supporters. Two angels, proper, in silver vestments, with 
golden hair and wings, each holding in his exterior hand a sword 
erect, of the first. 

Motto. Tandem fit surculus arbor. But his Lordship 
now uses. Nil nisi cruce, the motto of his mother's family. 

Chief Seats. Curraghmore in the county of Waterford, a 
noble seat, sixty-three miles from Dublin. Walworth in the 
county of Londonderry, adorned with the fiinest plantations in 
the north, 112 miles from Dublin. 



LORD CARLTON. 101 




BOYLE, LORD CARLTON. 

{EARL OF SHANNON IN IRELAND.) 

Under the \.\i\e o( Lord Boyle of Marston, vol. vii. it appears 
that Roger, first Earl of Orrery, had a younger son, Henry 
Boyle. 

This Henry Boyle, second son, was seated at Castlemartyr in 
the county of Cork J and being an active asserter of the protes- 
tant interest in the province of Munster, he was very obnoxious 
to the Irish government; so that, February 26th, 1688, he was 
besieged in his house of Castlemartyr, by General M'Carthy, with 
a strong body of horse, and two field pieces. Being determined 
to defend the castle, he had collected about 140 gentlemen and 
servants, but being persuaded to use no resistance, he surrendered 
on the General's promise, that neither their persons nor estates 
should be molested 3 without the least regard to which promise 
the next morning the General caused the house to be plundered, 
and conveyed, in a disgraceful manner. Captain Boyle and his 
family to Cork. After some confinement he removed with his 
family in May 1689, to England, to avoid the troubles then in- 
creasing in this kingdom; for which he was attainted by the Irish 
parliament, and had his estate sequestered. But being made 
lieutenant-colonel to Duke Schomberg's regiment of horse, he re- 
turned to Ireland, contributed much to the honour gained at the 
river Boyne, where his colonel was slain; and afterwards going 
into Flanders died there in 1693, leaving issue, by Lady Mary 
O'Brien, daughter of Murrogh, the first Earl of Inchiquiiij four 
sons and two daughters, viz. 



102 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

First, Roger, who died unmarried in 1705. 

Second, Henry, who was created Earl of Shannon. 

Third, Charles, sometime Captain of the Strombolo man of 
war. 

Fourth, William, captain in Duke Schomberg's regiment of 
horse } July 14th, he was appointed a commissioner of appeals in 
Ireland. In 17 11 he married Martha Beaufoy, daughter and 
heiress to Sir Samuel Garth, Knight, physician general to the 
army : he died in September 1725, leaving issue by her (who 
March 7th, 1737, re-married with Mr, Graham, of London, 
merchant) two sons and three daughters, viz. Henry, captain of a 
troop of horse, who died at Bath February 14th, 1756 j and Ro- 
bert, who being dead, his estates in the counties of Oxford, War- 
wick and Bucks, devolved on his sisters; Beaufoy, who, June 11, 
1736, married John Wilder, of Shiplake in the county of Oxford, 
Esq. ; Henrietta, married, Decembtir Qlh, 1736, to William 
Nichols, ofFroyle, county of Bucks, Esq.; and Elizabeth, born 
in 1715, and married, October gth, 1736, to Matthew Graves, of 
Chiswick in Middlesex, Esq. whose daughter married, in August 
1760, to William Bainbridge, of Huglescoate-grange, in county 
of Leicester, Esq. 

Daughter Elizabeth, married, in 1709, to Brettridge Badham, 
of Rockfield in the county of Cork, Esq. but had no issue 3 and 

Margaret, married to Joseph Deane, Esq. * and died in July 

1717. 
' HENRY,^r^/ Earl of Shannon y succeeded his father at Castle- 
martyr ; in October 1715, he was chosen knight of the shire for 
Cork, which county he represented until he was advanced to the 
peerage \ April 13th, 1733, he was sworn of his Majesty's privy- 

a He was grandson of Joseph Deane, of Cromlin near Dublin, Esq. 
whose son Joseph, by Elizabeth, (daughter of Dr. John Parker, Archbishop 
of Dublin, J whom he married in 1673, was October 14th, i7i4» appointed 
chief Baron of the Exchequer, but died May 4th, 1715, and was buried in the 
Earl of Cork's vault at St. Patrick's, Dublin, leaving five daughters, his co- 
heirs, viz. Elizabeth, marridd to Lord Doneraile; Anne, first wife to Arthur 
Hill, Esq. created Lord Dungannon; Mary, married, in 1725, to John Bourk, 
created Earl of Mayo ; Catherine, December i7ih, 1735, to John Lysaght, 
created Lord Lisle; and Margaret, married, April 7th, i73»2, to John Fitz- 
Gerald, of Innishmore in Kerry, Esq. M. P. for Dingle, and by him, who died 
in June 1741, had two sons and two daughters, M;aurice, born in 1733; Jo- 
seph, and Margaret, both deceased; and Elizabeth, married, in October 175s, 
to Richard Townsend, of Castle Townsend, in the county of Cork, Esq, 
(Chancery pleadings ) 



LORD CARLTON. 103 

council ; October 4th following, he was made choice of by the 
House of Commons to be their Speaker, and November ipth, 
was appointed Chancellor of the ExcHEauER, which, No- 
vember 6th, ^735, he exchanged with Dr. Marmaduke Cogbill, 
for the employment of a commissioner of his Majesty's revenue, 
but resigning that in March l/Sp, he reassumed, April 11th, his 
place of Chancellor of the Exchequer. May 3d, 1734, he was 
sworn one of the lords justices of Ireland, and filled that high 
otBce fifteen several times, viz. on said May 3d, May l^th, 1/36, 
May 28th, 1/38, April 18th, 1740, February 18th, 1741, De- 
cember 3d, 1742, April I2th, 1744, April 25th, 1746, April 20th, 
1748, April 20th, 1750, May 27ih, 1752, May 10th, 1758, IVLiy 
20th, 1760, May 3d, 1762, and May 15th, 1764. '" On account 
of his long and eminent services in the station of Speaker to the 
house of commons, his Majesty King George II. wus pleased, 
April 13th, 1750, to grant to him and his representatives for the 
terra of thirty-one years from Lady-day last preceding, the an- 
nual sum of 2000/. B By privy-seal bearing date March 15th, '' 
and by patent April 17th, 1756, ' he was created Baron of Cast le- 
martyr, Viscount Boyle of Bandon, and Ear/ of Shannon, by which 
latter title he took his seat in the house of peers, 26th of that 
month)'' May 3d, same year, his Lordship was appointed go- 
vernor of the county of Cork, during the absence of the Duke of 
Devonshire. 

He married, first, Catherine, daughter of Chidley Coote, of 
Killester, Esq. 5 she died without issue May 5th, 1725, and was 
buried at Ballyclogh in the county of Cork, on the south side of 
which church is a monument erected to her memory. ' He mar- 
ried, secondly, in September 1/26, the Lady Henrietta Boyle, 
youngest daughter of Charles, the third Earl of Cork, and by her, 
who died December 13th, 1746, and was interred in the Earl of 
Cork's vault in the cathedral of St. Patrick in Dublin, had issue 
one son, who died an infant, five other sons, and three daughters, 
viz. 



f See a sliort sketch of the mode in which the Irish government was 
conducted at this time, in a masterly tract of the late Iiarl of Macartney, in 
his Works. 

s: Pension List. 

h Rot. Pat. de Ao. 290. Geo. II. 4:1. p. f. R. 25. 

i Idem. p. 26. k Lords' Jour. vol. iv p. 60. 

1 See Smyth's Cork, vol.i. p. 306, 



104 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

First, Richard, Viscount Boyle. 

Second, Henry, who assumed the name of Walsingham, was a 
captain in Lord George Sackville' s regiment of horse, married 
Lucy, eldest daughter of John Martin, of the city of Dublin, Esq. 
and deceasing at Bristol, March 27th, IJdQ, left issue by her (who 
remarried with James Agar, of Gowranin the county of Kilkenny, 
Esq. created Fiscount Clifden, and died July 36th, 1802) an 
only son Henry, born June 12tb, 1753, and deceased in June 
1757.™ 

Third, William, who died April 13th, 1740, and was buried 
at Finglass. 

Fourth, Charles, born in May 1/34, was a cornet of horse, 
and aid-de-camp to his father as a lord justice. He died at Bristol 
June 6th, ]758, 

Fifth, Robert, born in March 1736. On the death of his 
nephew Henry, he took the surname of JVahingham, represented 
the borough of Dungarvan in the parliament of Ireland, and that 
of Knaresborough in the British parliament. In October 1779, 
he commanded his Majesty's ship the Thunderer in the West 
Indies, when he perished, with all his crew, in a violent hurri- 
cane. He married, July l/th, 17^9, Charlotte, the only surviv- 
ing coheir of Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, Knight of the 
Bath, by Frances, second daughter and coheiress of Thomas Earl 
of Conyngsby, and by her, who died in 1790, had issue a son 
Richard, born in 1762, who died at Bristol October 13th, 1788} 
and Charlotte, now Baroness de Roos, for whom see vol. vi. 

Sixth, daughter Lady Juliana, married to Somerset-Hamilton, 
Earl of Carrick, and died February 22d, 1804. 

Seventh, Lady Mary, baptized August 13th, 1731, and died 
April 11th, 1740. 

Eighth, Lady Jane, baptized September 22d, 1737> and died 
April 23d, 1748. 

His Lordship died at his house in Henrietta-street, Dublin, 
of the gout in his head, September 27th, 17^4, in the eighty- 
second year of his age, and was interred in the Earl of Cork's 
tomb, in the choir of St. Patrick's cathedral, being succeeded by 
his only surviving son, 

Richard, the second Earl of Shannon, and first Lord 
Carlton, who was born January 30th, 1727> 'was chosen to par- 

m Lodge. 



LORD CARLTON. 105 

liament in 1/40, for the town of Dungarvan, and in 1761, for the 
county of Cork. He sat first in the house of peers on the death 
of his father, October 22d, 1765. " In 1766, he was appointed 
master-general of the ordnance, in which office he was suc- 
ceeded, in 1770, by Charles Earl of Drogheda, " and sworn of his 
Majesty's most honourable privy-council. Li December 17S1, 
he was appointed one of the vice treasurers of Ireland. On the 
first institution of the order of St. Patrick, his Lordship was ap- 
pointed an original knight companion of that illustrious order ; 
appointed governor of the county of Cork, and in September 
1786, his Majesty was pleased to grant to him and his heirs male 
the dignity of a Baron of the kingdom of Great Britain, by the 
name, style, and title of Loud Carleton, Baron of Carleton 
in the cofinty of York. 

On December 15th, 1763, his Lordship married Catherine, 
eldest daughter of the late Right Honourable John Ponsonby, 
brother to William, late Earl of Bessborough, and by her Lady- 
ship, who was born April 29th, 17^7> had issue two sons, and 
two daughters 5 the elder of whom died young ; and the younger 
are, 

First, Henry, Viscount Boyle, present peer. 

Second, Lady Harriot, married, February J 2th, 17S4, Francis 
Bernard, Esq. now Earl of Bandon. 

His Lordship dying May 20th, I8O7, was succeeded by his 
only surviving son, 

Henry, present and third Earl of Shannon, and second 
Lord Carleton. 

His Lordship was born August 8th, 177^^ and mnrried, June 
pth, 1798> Sarah, fourth daughter of John Hyde, Esq. of Castle 
Hyde, and has had issue 

Richard, died an infant. 

And four daughters. 

Titles. Henry Boyle, Earl of Shannon, Viscount Boyle of 
Bandon, and Baron of Castlemartyr j and Baron of Carleton in 
the county of York. 

Creations. Earl of Shannon, Viscount Bandon, and Baron of 
Castlemartyr in the county of Cork, April l6th, 1756, 29 Geo. 
II, ; and Baron Carleton of Carleton in the county of York Sep- 
tember ] 787, 26 Geo. III. 

n Lords Jour. vol. iv. p. 341, « Beatson's Index. 



106 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Arms. Parti per bend crenelle, argent and gules. 

Crest. A lion's head erased, parti per bend crenelle, argent 
and gules. 

Supporters. Two lions, parti per pale, the dexter gules, the 
sinister of the second and first. 

Motto. Spectemur agendo. 

Chief Seat. Castlemartyr in the county of Cork, 123 mile? 
from Dublin. 



LORD SUFFIELD. 107 




HARBORD, LORD SUFFIELD. 

HarbordHarbord,' of Gunf on in Norfolk, Esq. elected member 
of parliament for that county 1728, died in January 1742, having 
had issue 

A daughter and heiress, married to William Mordeic, 
Esq. who had by her a son and heir. 

Sir William (MordmJ Harbord, who succeeded in 1742 to 
the estate of his maternal grandfather, and assumed the name 
of Harbord in conformity to the will of his said grandfather. 

He was elected a Knight of the Bath in May 1/44, by the 
name of Sir William Harbord; and created a £aront'/ March 
22d, 1745. 

He represented Berealston in Devonshire, 1734, 1741, I747. 

He married Miss BrititFe,'^ by whom he left issue 

Sir Harbord Harbord, second Baronet, and first Lord 
SuFFiBLD, born January 26th, 1734, who during his father's life 
was elected member of parliament for the city of Norwich, 1755, 
1762, and 176s J and again after his father's death in 17/4, 178O, 
and 1784. 

He married, October 27th, 17t)0, Mary Assheton, daughter 
and coheir (with the wife of Sir Thomas J£gerton, Bart, now Earl 
of Wilton) of Sir Ralph Assheton, of Lancashire, Bart. 

a Sir Charles Harbord was M. P. for Launceston in Cornwall, 1660, 1661, 
1678- William Harbord was M- Pfor the same in 1688; and appears also 
to have been returned in the same year for Thetford, co. Norf- 

b Robert Britiffe was M. P. 1722, and 1727 ; and died 1749, aged near 
ninety. 



108 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

He was elevated to the peerage August 8th, 1/85, by the 
title of Lord Suffield, of Suffield in Norfolk. 

He died February 4th, 1810, aet. seventy-seven, having had 
issue by his Lady aforesaid, 

First, Charles, born July 12th, IjQl, died an infant. 

Second, Mary, born November 11th, 1763, married, August 
12th, 1733, Sir George Armytage, of Kirklees in Yorkshire, Bart, 
and died August 13 th, 179O. 

Third, William Assheton, prese7it peer. 

Fourth, Louisa, born September 29th, 1767- 

Fifth, Catherine, born June 24th, 1773; married, October 
igth, 1802, John Petre, Esq. 

Sixth, Edward, born November 10th, 1792, barrister at law, 
and member of parliament for Yarmouth in Norfolk, married, 
ISO9, Georgina, only child of the present Lord Vernon. 

William Assheton, eldest son, succeeded as second Lord 
Suffield. 

His Lordship, while a commoner, was returned in 1790 
member of parliament for Luggershall in Wilts; and in I8O6, 
for Plympton-Earle, com. Dev. 

In 1794, he raised the Norfolk regiment of fencible cavalry. 

His Lordship married, on June 4th, 1792, Lady Caroline 
Hobart, second daughter and coheir of John, second Earl of Buck- 
inghamshire. 

Titles. William Assheton Harbord, Lord Suffield and Bart, 

Creations. Baron Suffield of Suffield in Norfolk, August 8th, 
1786; and Baronet March 22d, 1745-6. 

Jrms. Quarterly azure and gules, an Imperial crown, or, be- 
tween four lions rampant in saltier, argent. 

Crest. On a chapeau, gules, lined ermine, a lion couchant, 
argent. 

Supporters. On the dexter a lion, ducally collared with a 
chain ; on the sinister a leopard guardant, ducally collared also^ 
and chained. 

Motto. iEaUANIMITER. 

Chief Seats, Gunton and Blickling* in Norfolk. 
» Formerly the Hobart seat. 



i 



LORD DORCHESTER. 109 




CARLETON, LORD DORCHESTER. 

This is an ancient family who removed from the north of Eng- 
land to Ireland. 

Their ancestor Baldwin was father of Jhffkky de Cahle- 
xov, whose son 

Odard De Carleton had issue 

Henry De Carleton, father of 

Gilbert De Carleton, whose son 

William De Carleton, by Helen, daughter of , had 

issue 

Adam De Carleton, living 15 Edw. I. who by Sarah, daughter 
of Adam, of Newton, was father of 

John De Carleton, 22 Edw. I. who by Dorothy, daughter of 
Henry Brougham, had issue 

Thomas De Carleton, 19 Edw. [I. who by Joan, daughter of 
Roger De Lancaster, was father of 

John De Carleton, 30 Edw. III. who died before 17 Rich. IL 
leaving by Margaret^, daughter of John De Morton (who was 
alive in 1384), 

Thomas De Carleton, 22 Rich. IL 8 Hen. IV. and 27 Hen. 
VI. who married Alice, daughter and heir of Gecrge Dawbury, 
of com. York, and had issue, 

Thomas De Carleton, born 1 Hen. VI. who died 11 Hen. 

VIII. having married a second wife, daughter of Col- 

lison 3 but by his first wife, Agnes, daughter of Thomas Wy- 
beigh, of Clifton, com. Westmoreland, he was father of 

Thomas De Carleton, born about the 20th of Edw, IV. uha 



1 10 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

died 4th of Philip and Mary, leaving by Mabel, daughter and co- 
heir of Carlisle, of Carlisle com. Cumberland, 

First, Thomas Carleton, of Carleton, born 1547, died 15Q%> 
aged fifty-one, who by Barbara, daughter of Hugh Lowther, of 
Lowther, com. Westmoreland, had two sons, first, Sir Thomas 
Carleton, of Carleton, Knight, died s, p. about l638, having naar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of John Strelly, of Woodborough, com. 
Notts, relict of Marmaduke Constable, of Wassand, com. York j 
second, Gerard Carleton, died in the lifetime of his elder brother, 

having married Nichola, daughter of Elliot, of Redhugh 

in Scotland, by whom he had Sir "William Carleton, of Carleton, 
com. Cumberland, Knight, aged fifty-eight, on March 25th, 
\QQ5, who had two wives ; first, Dorothy, daughter of Sir Chris- 
topher Dalston, of Acorn-Bank, com. Westmoreland, by whom 
he had a daughter Mary, aged eighteen, in 1665 j .secondly, Bar^ 
bara, daughter of Robert Delaval, of Cowpen, com. Northumb. 
by whom he had a son Robert, aged eight years in l665, and a 
daughter Alice. 

Second, Launcelot Carleton, his second son, of Brampton-* 
Foot in Gillesland, com. Cumberland, born in 1549, He settled 
afterwards at Rossfad near Inneskillen in Ireland ; and died in 
l6l5, aged sixty-six. He married Eleanor, daughter of Kirkby, 
of Kirkby, com. Lancaster, and had issue. 

First, Launcelot, of whom presently. 

Second, Ambrose Carleton. 

Third, Thomas Carleton, equerry to King Charles L who, by 
the daughter of Graham, had John Carleton, Gent, who died July 
20th, 1703, aged sixty-seven, and was buried at Pancras, having 
married Susanna, daughter of Sir Hugh Ackland, Bart, who died 
February 5th, 1696, aged sixty-two. 

Fourth, Roger. 

Fifth, Charles. 

Sixth, Guy Carleton, born at Brampton Foot in Gillesland, 
about 1604, made Dean of Carlisle in August 166O, elected Bishop 
OF Bristol February llth, 167I, translated to the See ofCni' 
CHESTER, January 8th, 1678, died at Westminster July 6th, 1685, 
and buried at the cathedral of Chichester.* He left three 

daughters J Elizabeth, wife of Swinho ; Prudence, died 

unmarried ; and Hester, wife of George Vane, Esq. 

Lancelot Carleton, o£ Rossfad, eldest son, died in the civil 

» See an account of him in Wood's Ath. vol ii. p. ix68. 



LORD DORCHESTER. Ill 

wars in the service of King Charles I. having married Mary, 
daughter of William Irvine, of Castle-Irvine, com. Fermanagh, 
Esq. by whom he had two sons. 

First, Lancelot, of whom presently. 

Second, Christopher, of Market-Hill, com. Fermanagh, who 
died about 1716, having married Anne, daughter and heir of the 
Reverend George Hamilton, rector of Devenish, &c, com. Fer- 
managh, by whom he had issue, first, Alexander Carleton, of 
Carleton, in the commission of the peace for that county and for 
Meath, died November 13th, 1745, s. p. : second, George Carleton, 
of Market-Hill, com, Fermanagh, sheriff of the county of Mo- 
naghan, and in the commission of the peace for the county of 
Fermanagh, married Catherine, daughter of John Creighton, of 
Aughlane, com. Fermanagh, Esq. niece to Sir Robert Creighton, 
Bart, son of William Creighton Earl of Dumfries, by whom he 
had, first, John Carleton, married, but died s. p.; second, Alex- 
ander Carleton, of Dublin, Esq, barrister at law, having, in 17/1, 
married Evelyn, daughter of Gilbert Pepper, of com. Meath, Esq. 
(by whom he had George James Carleton, eldest son, a lieutenant 
of marines; William Carleton, Esq. second son, died s. p. ; and 
John, third son) : third, Christopher Carleton, of Market-Hill, in 
the commission of the peace for the county of Fermanagh, mar- 
ried Henrietta Maria, daughter of Colonel John Creighton, by 
whom he had an only son, George, who died young ; and three 
daughters and coheirs; viz. Henrietta, died unmarried; Vin- 
centia, living unmarried 1/71 ; and Mary, married Henry Pieslej 
Le Strange of Moyston, King's County, Esq. : fourth, William 
Carleton, of Inniskilling, Esq. in the commission of the peace for 
the county of Fermanagh aforesaid ; fifth, George Carleton, A.M. 
late chaplain to the sixty-seventh regiment of foot. Lancelot 
Carleton, A.M. their uncle, (third son of Christopher and Anne 
Hamilton) was chaplain of a regiment of dragoons in Spain, and 
rector of Padworth, com. Berks; and dying October 14th, 1/30, 
was buried at Padworth, having married Barbara, daughter of 
Thomas Twitty, of Clanes, com. Wore, who died in London, and 
was buried at St. Luke's church, Middlesex, By her he had issue 
Alexander Carleton, of London, citizen and banker, his only 
child, born at Padworth, who died May lOth, 1775, unmarried, 
and was buried at Islington. 

Lancelot Carleton, of Rosfad ('eldest son of Lancelot and 
Afary Irvine) was in the commission of the peace for Fermanagh, 
and high sheriff for that county about 1683. He was also high 



112 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

sheriff for the county of Donegal in iGsd ; and died about 1693. 
He married Mary, daughter and heir of John Cathcart, of the 
county of Fermanagh, Esq. by whom he had six sons, viz. 

First, Lancelot Carleton, of Rossfad, Esq. a captain in the 
ninth regiment, and high sheritf of com. Fermanagh ; died un- 
married about 1700. 

Second, Guy Carleton, of Rossfad aforesaid, Esq. high sheriff 
of com. Fermanagh about IJlSj ^nd in the commission of the 
peace; died 1731, having married Mary, daughter of Major 
Brook, by whom he had Guy, and Lancelot, who died young j 
and Mary, wife of Philip Perceval, of Temple House, com. Sligoj 
Sarah, wife of Arthur Cooper, of Tansie Fort, com. Sligo, Esq. ; 
and Jane, wife of Colonel Henry Richardson, of Rich Hill, com. 
Fermanagh. 

Third, Christopher, of whom presently, as father of Lord 
Dorchester. 

Fourth, Charles, died in England unmarried. 

Fifth, John, an officer in the Queen's army, died of his wounds 
in a battle in Spain. 

Sixth, William, a lieutenant in Cope's dragoons, died un- 
married. 

Christopher, third son, already mentioned, was of Newry, 
com. Down, Esq. and died in Ireland about 1738, having mar- 
ried Catherine, daughter of Henry Ball, Esq. of com. Donegal, 
who died in Ireland about 1757. By her he had three daughters, 
and four sons ; viz, 

Catherine, married^ but died without issue. 

Anne, married John Rotton, of Dublin, Esq. 

Conally, youngest daughter, married Crauford, of 

Ireland. 

The sons were. 

First, William Carleton, captain in the royal Irish regiment of 
foot, drowned at sea about l/^S, married the daughter of 

, of com, Devon, who was drowned at sea with her 
husband ; and by her had issue, first, William Carleton, born in 
17-^5, a lieutenant in the fifty-seventh regiment of foot, died at 

sea unmarried, about 1/65 ; second, a daughter, married 

Starling, Esq.j third, Christopher, born at Newcastle upon- 
Tyne in 17-19, a lieutenant-colonel in the army, died at Quebec 
inl787, s. p. having married, at St. George's Hanover- Square, 
Lady Anne, second daughter of Thomas Howard Earl of Effing- 
ham ; and sister to Lady Dorchester. 



LORD DORCHESTER. 113 

Second, Lancelot, a lieutenant in General Blakeney's regi- 
ment in Jamaica, died in tiie expedition under Wentworth, about 
1/41, unmarried. 

Thiird, Guy, Lord Dorchester. 

Fourtli, Thomas, lieutenant-colonel of the twenty-ninth regi- 
ment, and lieutenant-governor of New Brunswick, a general in 
the army, colonel of a battalion in the sixtieth regiment of foot, 

married the daughter of Van Horn, of New York j and 

widow of Foy, an officer of artillery, by whom he has 

had issue William, and two daughters. 

SiK Guy Carleton, third son, first Lord Dorchester, 
was born at Strabane in Ireland, September 3d, 1724; and em- 
bracing a military life, was captain-lieutenant, and lieutenant- 
colonel of the first regiment of foot-guards. 

On June 18th, 17 ■'^7, he was appointed lieutenant-governor of 
Quebec; and on February ipth, I7G2, was brigadier-general in 
America, 

In November 1766, he was appointed colonel of the forty- 
seventh regiment of foot. On April 2d, 177'^> ^^s arrived at the 
rank of major-general ; and May 28th following, was nominated 
Governor of Quebec ; and was supposed to have been instru- 
mental in passing the celebrated Quebec Bill, for the government 
of that settlement. 

In 1775, the American war broke out; and General Carleton 
had a field for the display of his military talents. The Congress 
having resolved to resort to arms, began soon to turn their eyes 
towards Canada. In that province they knew the late acts were 
very unpopular, not only among the British settlers, but the French 
Canadians themselves, who having experienced the difference 
between a French and British constitution, gave the preference to 
the latter. ^ *' The extraordinary powers placed in the hands of 
General Carleton, governor of Canada," (says Bisset) " by a late 
commission, were new and alarming. To co-operate with the 
disaffected in Canada, and to anticipate the probable and sus- 
pected designs of this General, the Congress formed the bold pro- 
ject of invading this province. General Montgomery headed the 
expedition ; and proceeded with such vigour, that he compelled 
the fort of St. John's to surrender at discretion on the 2d of No- 
vember. Hence, crossing St. Laurence, he proceeded to Moiu 

b Bisset, vol. ii. p. 277. 
YQI., VIII. 1 



1 14 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND, 

treal, which being incapable of defence against the American 
force. General Carleton evacuated it, and retired to Quebec. 

"' Having taken possesbion of Montreal, Montgomery made dis- 
positions for advancing to besiege the capital of Canada, and there 
were several circumstances favourable to his hopes of success. The 
works of the town had been greatly neglected from the time of 
the peace ; as by the cessions of France, no enemy was conceived 
to be in the vicinity. The garrison did not consist of above 1 100 
men, of which very few were regulars; and the greater number 
of the inhabitants were ill-affected to the framers of their new 
constitution. General Carleton, though of high military reputa- 
tion, was by no means conciliating in his manners ; his social at- 
tention was almost solely bestowed on the Canadian roblesse, 
without extending to the much more numerous, and more truly 
important class of commoners ; and he was considered as the 
principal instigator of the ministry to the measures which they 
had proposed for governing that province." "^ While the British 
governor, with these disadvantages undertook to defend Quebec 
against Montgomv°ry, an attempt was made by Colonel Arnold to 
take that city by surprize. On November Qih, he arrived oppo- 
site Quebec ; but before he had time to provide boats and rafts, 
the city was alarmed, and this delay saved Quebec. But the 
American General having on December 5th joined Arnold, ap- 
peared before Quebec, and immediately sent a summons to 
Carleton to surrender. The British General treated this demand 
with contempt, and refused to hold any correspondence with a 
rebel. Between the British troops and the inhabitants, there pre- 
vailed, contrary to the expectation of their opponents, a perfect 
unnnim-ity of exerlions; and the American commander unpre- 
pared for a regular siege, attempted to take the place by storm. 
In this attempt Montgomery fell at the head of his troops, deeply 
regretted by his countrymen j and the garrison after an obstinate 
resistance, drove the assailants away from the town with great 
loss.<i Colonel Arnold, thus disappointed in his endeavours 
against Quebec, resolved nevertheless to continue in the province, 
and encamped on the heights of Abraham, where he fortified 
himself, and put his troops in such a situation as to be still for- 
midable. ^ 

At the commencement of the following year, 1776, Arnold 
still continued the blockade of Quebec, notwithstanding a very 

e Bisset, vol. ii. p. 282. d Ibid. p. 387. • Ibid. 



LORD DORCHESTER. 115 

severe season, and under great difficulties. As the season ad- 
vanced, they became more active, that they might anticipate the 
arrival of the troops from England ; they renewed the siege, and 
erected batteries to burn the shipping. But in the beginning of 
May, an English squadron made its way up to Quebec ; and on 
finding succours arrived, the besiegers retired.^ 

On May pth. General Carleton proceeded in pursuit of Ar- 
nold, just as he had begun his retreat j and thus the siege of 
Quebec was raised, after continuing about five months. 

In the end of May, several regiments arriving from Ireland 
and England, together with a regiment from General Howe, and 
the Brunswick troops, which, when added to those, who were 
before in the province, amounted to 13,000 men. General Carle- 
ton prepared for offensive operations, ^ The provincials icuated 
their conquests, and stationed themselves at Crown Point, \ lither 
the British commander did not follow them for the present. 

An armament was now prepared for crossing Lake Champlain, 
in order to besiege Crown Point, and Ticonderago. The Ame- 
ricans had a considerable fleet on Lake Champlain, whereas the 
British had not a single vessel. The General therefore used 
every effort to procure the requisite naval force ; but October was 
begun, before this was ready to oppose the enemy. On October 
11th, the British fleet, commanded by Captain Pringle, and under 
the general direction of Carleton, discovered the American ar- 
mament 5 and engaging them, the conflict continued on both 
sides for several hours with great intrepidity 3 but the contrary 
wind preventing the chief British ships from taking a part, and 
night coming on, it was thought prudent to discontinue the ac- 
tion; and Arnold took advantage of the night to retreat. § The 
Biitish pursued the next day and the day following, and over- 
took them a few leagues from Crown Point ; where after a furioui 
battle of two hours they yielded to our superior force and skill. 

General Carleton remained at Crown Point till November 3d; 
and as the winter was commencing, did not think it proper to be- 
siege Ticonderago. He returned therefore to St. John's, whence 
he distributed his army into winter quarters. 

In the following year, ]777> an expedition being planned 
from Canada, to effect a co-operation with the principal British 
force, the command of the armament was conferred on General 

t Bisset, vol. ii. p. 332. f Ibid. p. 333. 

s Ibid. p. 370. 



116 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Burgoyne. "■ Sir Guy Carleton" (for he had been nomuiated a 
Knight of the Bath on July 6th, 1776) " from his official 
situation in Canada, his conduct, and especially his defence of 
Quebec, might have reasonably expected this appointment ; he 
was an older general, of more military experience, and belter ac- 
quainted with the country, its inhabitants and resources. His 
character commanded greater authority than Burgoyne's had 
hitherto established ; the professional reputation of Burgoyne, 
indeed, was liable to no objection, but he had not, like Carleton, 
obtained celebrity. As no military grounds could be alleged for 
superseding Carleton to make room for Burgoyne, his promotion 
was imputed to parliamentary influence more th?.n to his official 
talents. Carleton, disgusted with a preference by no means 
merited, as soon as he heard of the appointment, resigned his go- 
vernment. The event was such as might be expected from the 
delegation of important trust from extrinsic considerations, instead 
of the fitness of the trustee for the service required." ' 

On August 2yth, 1777} Sir Guy was made a lieutenant-ge- 
neral in the army; and having now returned to England, was 
installed at Westminster as K. B. May 22d, 1/79. 

In 178I, he was appointed to succeed Sir Henry Clinton as 
Commander in Chief in America, where he rem.ained till the 
termination of the contest, when after an interview with General 
Washington, he evacuated New York, and returned to England. 

On April 11th, 1/86, he was once mote appointed Govebnor 
OF Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, and, as a re- 
ward for his long services, was on the 2lst of August following 
elevated to the Peerage, by the title of Lord Dorchester, '^ of 
Dorchester in the county of Oxford. 

His Lordship remained in this extensive government for se-^ 
veral years j ' and returning at length to England, passed his old 
age in the bosom of his family ; tirst at Kempshot, near Basing-. 
stoke, in Hants ; and afterwards at his seat near Maidenhead. 

i Bisset, vol. ii. p. 434. 
k He seems to have taken this title, because it had been used by one of 
own name. Sit Dudley Carlton, who does not appear to have been related to 
him. This Sir Dudley, an eminent statesman (whose state papers and letters 
were publisiied by the late Lord Hardwicke) was son of Anthony Carlton, of 
Baldwin-Brightwell in Oxfordshire, and was created Viscount Dor- 
chester, of Dorchester com. Oxf. July 2<;th, 4 Char. I. He died February 
15th, 1651. All his children died infants; and the title therefore expireci 
with him. 
1 See the Duke de Rochefoucault Liancourt's Travels in North America, 



LORD DORCHESTER. I17 

His Lordship died November 10th, 1808, aet. eighty-five j at 
>vhich time he was colonel of the fourth regiment of dragoons, 
and a general in the army. 

His Lordship married at the Bishop of London's Palace at 
Fulham on May 22d, 17/2, Lady Maria, third daughter of Tho- 
mas Howard Earl of Effipgham, by Elizabeth, daughter of Peter 
Beckford, of Jamaica, Esq. And by her Ladyship (who was 
born at Great Bookham in Surr)--, August 30th, 1753), had issue. 
First, Guy, an ensign in the third regiment of foot-guards, 
born in the parish of St. George, Hanover-square, February 4th, 
1773, died unmarried November 10th, 1793. 

Second, Thomas, a captain in the army, born in St. George's, 
Hanover-square, April 30th, I774, died unmarried April 17th, 
1794. 

Third, Christopher, of whom presently , as father of the present 
peer. 

Fourth and fifth, William and Lancelot, both died infants. 
Sixth, George, lieutenant-colonel in the army, born at Rich- 
mond, Surry, September 25th, 1781, married, in October 1805, 
Henrietta, daughter of Edward King, Esq. of Askham-Hall, com. 
Westmoreland, by whom he has Maria, born ISO6 in Gibraltar 
Bay, and Henrietta, born at Malta I8O7. 

Seventh, Charles, born in Queen Anne-street West, in July 
1786, died May 22d, 1799. 

Eighth, Dudley, born in the Chateau St. Louis at Quebec, 
June 22d, 1790, a lieutenant in the fourth dragoons. 

Ninth, Richard, born in St. Mary-le-bone, February 10th, 
1792. 

Tenth, Maria, eldest daughter born in the Chateau St. 
Louis at Quebec, August 20th, 1777j married in May 1810, Wil- 
liam, second Lord Bolton. 

Eleventh, Frances, second daughter, born in Queen Anne- 
street West, February 3d, 1785, married, August 24th, 1802, the 
Rev. John Orde, of Kingsclere, Hants, (cousin of Lord Bolton). 

Christopher Carleton, third son, already mentioned, (who 
died before his father) was born in the chateau St. Louis at 
Quebec, July 23d, 1775, was lieutenant-colonel of the twenty- 
fifth light dragoons, and died February 6th, 1S0(5, ast. thirty-one, 
on board the Devonshire East Indiaman then lying in Madras 
roads, having married, on June 9th, 1797? Piiscilla Martha,' 

i Her sister married Lieut. Colonel Siv Robeit Wilson, of the 20th dragoons. 



118 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

eldest daughter and coheir of William Belfordj Esq, a captain in 
the army, and grand-daughter of lieutenant-general William Bel- 
ford of the artillery. By her he had issue. 

First, Maria Pelham Carleton, born June 27th, 1798, and 
baptized at Dummer, Hants. 

Second, Harriet Elizabeth Georgina, born July 22d, 1800, 
died September 22d following, and buried in Mary-le-bone church. 

Third, Arthur Henry Carleton, who succeeded his grand- 
father as SECOND Lord Dorchester. 

His Lordship was born at Madras February 20th, 1805, and 
baptized at St. Helena, in the church there. 

Title. Arthur Henry Lord Dorchester, of Dorchester, in Ox- 
fordshire. 

Creation. Baron of Dorchester August 8th, 1786. 

Arms. Ermine, on a bend sable, three pheons heads, argent. 

Crest. An arm embowed, holding an arrow. 

Supporters. Two beavers, collared. 

Molta. Quondam his vicimus armis. 

CI lief Seat. 



LORD HEATHFIELD. 



n9 




ELIOTT, LORD HEATHFIELD. 

The surname of Eliott in the south of Scotland Is said to have 
come from a village, called Eliott, in the north, and with that 
name came to the south border" in the reign of King James I. of 
Scotland. ^ 



a Nisbet gives the names and arms of the following branches. 

'• First, Eliott, ofRedheugh, now called Lawriston, in Liddisdalci G. 
on a bend or, a pipe, or flute, of the first. 

Second, Sir Gilbert Eliott, of Stobbs, Bart. G- on a bend sngrailed or, 2 
batton azure. Crest, a dexter arm holding a cutlass proper, with the motto 
Perad'venture. As matriculated in the Lyon Register. 

Third, Sir Gilbert Eliott, of Minto, Bart, of late one of the Senators of 
the College of Justice, descended of Stobbs, G. on a bend engrailed or, a 
batton azure, all within a bordure vaire ; Crest, a dexter hand issuing from a 
cloud and throwing a dart, all proper. Motto, Non eglt arcu. 

Fourth, Mr, Adam Eliott, third son to the deceased Mr. Henry Eliott, 
minister of Bedrule, who was lawful son to William Eliott, sometime Pro- 
vost of Peebles, who was third brother to Gilbert Eliott, of Stobbs ; G. on a 
bend engrailed or, a flute azure, all within a bordure engrailed of the second ; 
and charged with eight mullets of the third. Crest, a dexter hand, holding 
a flute proper, with the motto, inestfacunditas, which shews the figure on the 
bend to be a pipe or flute. 

Fifth, Walter Eliott, of Eskelton, a second son of Eliott, of Unthank, 
who was descended of the family of Lauriston, G. on a bend indented or, a 
flute of the first. Crest, a demi-man in armour, proper, with the motto, fro 
rege et limite. 

Sixth, Simeon Eliott, of Binksnow, of Swinside, descended of the family 
of Lauriston, G. on abend or, a baton azure, all within a bordure of the 
second, charged with six garbs, as the third. Crest, a gentleman holding a 
pike in his hand in a watching posture." Nhhet, vol. i. p. 99. 
b Nisbet's Heraldry, vol ». p. 99. 



120 PEEFxAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sir Gilbert Eliott, of Stohh, in the district of Tiviot Dale 
in the sliire of Roxburgh, Baronet of Nova Scotia (whose ancestor 
was so created 1666),'^ died in Scotland May 27th, 1764, having 
married Eleanor, daughter of William Eliot, of Weld, or Wells, 
in the shire of Roxburgh, Esq. ^ 

By her he had issue. 

First, Sir John Eliott, of iS/oZ'Z:5, Bart, father of Sir Francis 
Eliott the present Bart. 

Second, William; third, Gilbert; fourth, Charles; sixth, 
Eliott Eliott ; seventh, Gavin, all died s. p. and a daughter died 
young. 

Fifth, Archibald Eliott, a merchant in London, and secretary 
to Ramsgate harbour. 

Eighth, Sir George Augustus Eliott, first Lord Heath- 
riELD, was born at the paternal seat in the shire of Roxburgh, 
December 25th, l/ir. 

He received the first rudiments of his education under a private 
tutor retained at the family sent. At an early age he was sent to 
the university of Leyden, where he made a rapid progress in clas- 
sical learning, and spoke whh elegance and fluency the German 
and French languages. 

Being designed for a military life, he was sent from thence to 
La Fere in Picardy. This school was rendered the most famoiw 
in Europe by means of the great Vauban, under whom it was 
conducted. It was afterwards committed to the management and 
eare of the Comte de Houroville, Here it was that the founda- 
tion was laid of that knowledge of tactics in all its branches, and 
particularly in the arts of engineering and fortification, which 
afterwards so greatly distinguished this officer. He completed 
his military course by a tour on the continent, for the purpose of 
seeing in practice what he had been studying in theory. Prussia 
was the model for discipline, and he continued for some time as a 
volunteer in this service. Such were the steps taken by the 
young men of fashion in that day to accomplish themselves for 
the service of their country. Many of his cotemporaries were 
then similarly engaged, nobly abandoning the enjoyments of 

c Sir Gilbert Eliotf, the first Baronet of Minto, so created 1700, was 
grandson of Gilbert Eliott, of Stci>is. 

d Sister of Colonel William Elioit, who married Frances, daughter and 
aoheir of Henry Nassau D" Auverqucrque, Earl of Giar.thairi. 



LORD HEATHFIELD. 121 

ease and luxury at home, for the opportunity of seeing actual 
service. 

Mr, Eliott returned, in his seventeenth year, to his native 
country of Scotland, and was in the same year, 1/3.5, introduced 
by his fither. Sir Gilbert, to lieutenant-colonel Peers, of the 
twenty-third regiment of foot, or royal Welch fuzileers, then 
lying in Edinburgh. Sir Gilbert presented him as a youth 
anxious to bear arms for his King and country. He was accord- 
ingly entered as a volunteer in that regiment, and continued for 
a twelvemonth or more. At this time he gave a promise of his 
future military talents, and slewed that he was at least a soldier 
au coeur. From the twenly-third he went into the engineer 
corps at Woolwich, and made great progress in that study, until 
his uncle, Colonel Eliott, brought him in as adjutant of the se- 
cond troop of horse grenadiers. In this situation he conducted 
himself wiih the most exeinphry attention, and laid the founda- 
tion of that discipline which has rendered those two troops the 
finest corps of heavy cavalry in Europe, the Hanoverian body 
guards and the musketeers of France not excepted. 

Witli these troops he went upon service to Germany, in the 
war before last, and was with them in a variety of actions. At 
the battle of Dettingen he was wounded. In this regiment he 
first bought the rank of captain and major, and afterwards pur- 
chased the lieutenant colonelcy from Colonel Brewerton, who 
succeeded to his uncle. On arriving at this rank, he resigned 
his commission as an engineer, which he had enjoyed along with 
his other rank, and in which service he had been actively em- 
ployed very much to the advantage of his country. He had re- 
ceived the instructions of the famous engineer Bellidor, and made 
himself completely master of the science of gunnery. Had he 
not so disinterestedly resigned his rank in the engineer depart- 
ment, he would now by regular progression have been at the head 
of that corp5. 

Soon after this he was appointed aid-de-camp to King George 
I[. and was already distinguished for his military skill and dis- 
cipline. In the year I759, he quitted the second troop of horse 
grenadier guards, being selected to raise, form, and discipline 
the fifteenth regiment of light horse, called after him Eliott's 
Light Horse. As soon as they were raised and formed, he was 
appointed to the command of the cavalry in the expedition on the 
coasts of France, with the rank of brigadier-general. And after 



122 PEERAGE OP ENGLAND. 

this be passed into Germany, where he was employed on the stall^ 
and greatly distinguished himself in a variety of movements, 
while his regiment displayed a strictness of discipline, an activity 
and enterprize, which gained them signal honour; and indeed 
they have been the pattern regiment> both in regard to discipline 
and appointment, to the many light dragoon troops that have 
been since raised in our service. 

From Germany he was recalled for the purpose of being em- 
ployed as second in command in the memorable expedition against 
the Havannah, It was possible to find an officer in the sunshins 
of the court to whom, under the patronage of a prince, the trap- 
pings of the chief command might be given ; but an Eliott was 
wanted to act as well as an Albemarle to shine, and for him they 
were forced to go to the dusty plains of Germany. The circum- 
stances of that conquest are well known. It seems as if our 
brave veteran had always in his eye the gallant Lewis de Veiasco, 
who maintained his station to the last extremity, and, when his 
garrison were flying from his side, or falling at his feet, disdained 
to retire or call for quarter, but fell gloriously exercising his 
sword upon his conquerors. 

Our readers will pardon us for the recital of a short anecdote 
which occurred immediately after the reduction, as it shews that 
in the very heat and outrage of war the General was not unmindful 
of the rights of humanity. He was particularly eminent among 
the conquerors of the Havannah for his disinterested procedure, 
and for checking the horrors of indiscriminate plunder. To him 
therefore appeals were most frequently made. A Frenchman 
who had suffered greatly by the depredations of the soldiery, made 
application to him, and begged in bad English, that he would in- 
terfere to have his property restored. The petitioner's wife who 
was present, a woman of great spirit, was angry at the husband 
for the intercession^ and said, " Comment pouvez vous demander 
de grace a' un homme qui vient vous depouiller ? N' en esperez 
pas." The husband persisting in his application, his wife grew 
more loud in the censure, and said, " Vous n' etes pas Francois l" 
The General, who was busy in writing at the time, turned to the 
w'oman and said smiling, " Madame, ne vous echauffez pas ; ce 
que votre mari demande lui sera accorde I " "Oh faut-il pour 
surcroit de malheur," exclaimed the woman, " que le barbare 
parle le Francois !" The General was so very much pleased with 
the woman's spirit, that he not only procured them their property 



LORD HEATHFIELD. 12S 

again, but also took pains to accommpdate them in every respect. 
This was through hie the manly characteristic of the Ge** 
neral : if he would not sulfer his troops to extend, for the sake of 
plunder, the ravages of war, he never impoverished them by un- 
just actions. He would never consent that his quarter-master's 
place should be sold, " not only," says he, " because I think it is 
the reward of an honest veteran soldier j but also because I could 
not so directly exercise my authority in his dismission should h« 
behave ill." 

On the peace, his gallant regiment was reviewed by his Ma- 
jesty in Hyde-Park} when they presented to the King the stand- 
ards which they had taken from the enemy. The King, grati- 
lied with their high character, asked General Eliott what mark 
of his favour he could bestow on his i^egiment equal to their 
merits. He answered, his regiment would be proud if his Ma- 
jesty should think, that by their services they were entitled to the 
distinction of Royals. It was accordingly made a royal regiment 
of light dragoons. At the same time the King expressed a desire 
to confer a mark of his favour on the brave General ; but he de- 
clared, that the honour and satisfaction of his Majesty's approba- 
tion of his services were his best reward. 

During the peace he was not idle. His great talents in the 
various branches of the military art, gave him ample employment ; 
and in the year 17/5, he was appointed to succeed General 
A' Court, as Commander in chief of the forces hi Ireland. But 
he did not continue long on this station) not even long enough 
to unpack all his trunks ; for finding that interferences were made 
by petty authority derogatory of his own, he resisted the practice 
with becoming spirit ; and not choosing to disturb the govern- 
ment of his sister kingdom on a matter personal to himself, he 
solicited to be recalled, and accordingly was so, when he was ap- 
pointed to the command of Glhraltar, in a fortunate hour for the 
safety of that important fortress. 

The system of his life, as well as his education, peculiarly 
qualified him for this trust. He was perhaps the most abste- 
mious man of the age. His food was vegetables, and his drink 
water. He neither indulged himself in animal food nor wine. 
He never slept more than four hours at a time ; so that he was 
up later and earlier than most other men. He had so inured 
himself to habits of hardness, that the things which are difficult 
and painful to other men, were to him his daily practice, and 



124 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

fendered pleasant by use. It could not be easy to starve such a 
man into a surrender, nor easy to surprise him. His wants were 
easily supplied, and his watchfulness was beyond precedent. 
The example of the commander-in-chief in a besieged garrison, 
has a most persuasive efficacy in forming the manners of the sol- 
diery. Like him his brave followers came to regulate their lives 
by the most strict rules of discipline before there arose a necessity 
for so doing ; and severe exercise, with short diet, became habi- 
tual to them by their own choice. The military system of disci- 
pline which he introduced, and the preparations which he made 
for his defence, were contrived with so much judgment, and ex-^ 
ecuted with so much address, that he was able, with a handful of 
men, to preserve his post against an atlack, the constancy of 
which, even without the vigour, was sufficient to exhaust any 
common set of men. Collected within himself, he in no instance 
destroyed, by premature attacks, the labours which would cost 
the enemy time, patience, and expence to complete ; he delibe- 
rately observed their approaches, and seized on the proper mo- 
ment, with the keenest perspection in which to make his attack 
with success. He never spent his ammunition in useless parade, 
or in unimportant attacks. He never relaxed from his discipline 
by the appearance of security, nor hazarded the lives of his gar- 
rison by wild experiments. By a cool and temperate demeanor, 
he maintained his station for three years of constant investment, 
in which all the powers of Spain were employed. All the eves of 
Europe were on his garrison, and his conduct justly raised him to 
a most elevated place in the military annals of the present 
day. 

On his return to England, the gratitude of the British senate 
was as forward as the public voice in giving him that distinguished 
mark his merit deserved, to which his Majesty was pleased to add 
that of Knight of the Bath ; and an elevation to the peerage by 
the title of Lord Heathfield, Baron Gibraltar, on June 14th, 
1/87, and permitting his Lordship to take also the arms of the 
fortress he had so bravely defended, to perpetuate to futurity his 
noble conduct. 

He closed a life of m'litary renown at the most critical season 
for his memory. He died in the seventy-third year of his age, on 
the fith of July 1/90, at his Chateau at Aix la Chapelle, of a 
second stroke of the palsy, after having enjoyed for some weeks 
past a tolerably good share of health, and an unusual flow of 



I 



LORD HEATHFIELD. 125 

spirits. Two days before his death, he dined with his friend Mr, 
Barclay ; and was in a few days to have set out with that Gentle- 
man for Leghorn, on his way to Gibraltar. His remains were 
brought to Dover from Ostend in the Race-horse packer, whence 
they were conveyed to Heathfield in Sussex, and there deposited 
in a vault built for that purpose, over which a handsome monu- 
ment is erected. ^ 

His Lordship married at St. Sepulchre's, London, on June 
8th, 17-iS, Anne Pollexfen Drake, daugnter of Sir Francis Drake, 
of Buckland, com. Devon, Bart. ; and by her, who died Fe- 
bruary 13Lh, 1772, and was buried in South Audley chapel, had 
issue. 

First, Francis Augustus Eliott, present Peer. 

Second and Third, Gilbert and another child died infants, and 
were buried at Ealing. 

Fourth, Anne, born at Ealing in 1 754, married at St. George's 
Hanover-square, on I\Iay 21st, 1777, to John Trayton Fuller, of 
Brightling com. Sussex, Esq. who has issue hy her. 

Francis Augustus Eliott, p^-wen^ and second Lord Heath- 
field, was born at Ealing, Middlesex, December 31st, 1750. 
Entering into the army, he was formerly lieutenant-colonel of the 
sixth, or Inniskilling dragoons, and advanced to the rank of 
major-general October 4th, 1794. 

On March 15th, 1795, his Lordship was appointed to the 
command of the twenty-ninth dragoons ; and in March 179/, to 
that of the twentieth dragoons ; from whence (on the death of 
Lord Dorchester in November, 1808), he obtained the fourth dra- 
goons, which he now commands. 

On June 10th, 1799^ ^^'S Lordship was appointed a lieutenant 
general ; and on April 25th, 1808, a general. 

Title. Francis Augustus Eliott, Lord Heathfield, Baron of 
Gibraltar. 

Creation. Lord Heathfield, Baron of Gibraltar, July 6th, 
1789. 

Arms. G. on a bend argent, a baton azure : and on a chief 
azure, the fortress of Gibraltar, under it, plus ultra, as an 
augmentation. 

• Biog- Diet. vol. V. p.307"-3ii. 



12(5 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Crest. A dexter arm, holding a cutlas proper, the arm charged 
with a key. 

Supporters. On the dexter side a ram, on the sinister a goat, 
each wreathed with flowers round the neck. 

Motto. FoKTITER ET RECTE. 

Chief Seats. Heathfield Park, Sussex 3 and Buckland, com. 
Devon. 



LORD KENYON. 



137 




KENYON, LORD KENYOxN. 



TtOGER Kenyon left issue by Alice Rigby 

Thomas Kenyon, who married Catherine, eldest daughter 
and coheir of Luke Lloyd, of Bryn in Flintshire, Esq. and dyin^- 
1731, left issue two sons and two daughters, viz. 

First, Lloyd. 

Second, Thomas, who died under age. 

Third, Catherine, married William Middleton, Esq. and 
died s. p. 

Fourth, Dorothy, married William Percival, of Rayton in 
Lancashire. 

Lloyd Kenyon, eldest son, born at Bryn in the parish of Han- 
mer in Flintshire, March 17th, I695-6, married at Hanmer in 
November 1730, Jane, eldest daughter of Robert Eddowes, of 
Eagle-Hall, com. Chester (by Anne his wife), which Jane was 
born October l/th, 1703, and died August 25th, 1 771, and was 
buried at Hanmer the 28th of the same month. He died m De- 
cember 1773, and was buried at Hanmer, January 2d, 1774, 
having had issue by her. 

First, Thomas, born September 14th, 1731, buried in the col- 
legiate church at Manchester, May 24th, 175O. 

Second, Lloyd, ^r^f Lord Kenyon, of ivhom presently. 

Third, Richard, born March 1733, died at Whitchurch, com. 
Salop, October 29th, 1751, and was buried at Hanmer. 

Fourth, Roger Kenyon, ofCefenin the county of Denbigh, 
Esq. born April 173.5, married Mary, only daughter of Edward 
Lloyd, of Penyllan com. Denbigh, Esq. by Mary, second daughter 
of Edward Lloyd, of Plasmadoc in the said county, Esq. She 
died February 4th, 178I, and was buried at Hanmer. By her he 



128 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

had issue, first, Edward Lloyd Kenyon j second, George j third, 
Thomas ; fourth, Jane, wife of Henry Ellis, of Boates, Esq. ; 
fifth, Anne Maria. 

The following character of the late Lord Chief Justice Kenyon 
appeared in a newspaper at the time of his death. 

" In the full conviction, that the following biographical and 
characteristic notices, (which are chiefly drawn from an original 
source, and not from transient or obscure publications) of this 
truly excellent magistrate and man, will prove acceptable, we pre- 
sent them to our readers. 

Lloyd, first Lord Kenyon, was born atGredington^ in Flint- 
shire, Oct. 5,1732; he was the eldest survi v ing son of Lloyd Kenyon, 
Esq. originally of Brynn, in the same county, and one of the 
younger branches of the ancient family of Kenyon, of Peek in Lan- 
cashire. His Lordship received the elementary part of his education 
at Ruthin in Denbighshire, whence he was taken, at an early age, 
and articled to Mr. W. J. Tomkinson, an eminent attorney at 
Nantwich in Cheshire. On the expiration of his articles, Mr. 
Kenyon determined to enter into a line which afforded a more 
ample scope to his industry and talents, and, accordingly, he be- 
carne a member of the society of Lincoln's-Inn, in Trinity Term 
1754, and after a sedulous application to the requisite studies, waj 
called to the bar in Hilary Term, 1/61. 

In the early part of his professional career, the advancement 
of Mr. Kenyon was but slow : he was unassisted by those means 
which powerful connection and interest afford : added to this, the 
branch of his profession to which he chiefly applied himself, 
namely, that of conveyancing, was not calculated to bring him 
forward into public notice : but the sterling merit of genuine abi- 
lities, and persevfring industry, were not to be overlooked. Mr. 
Kenyon rose gradually into practice; few opinions at the bar, at 
the time, carried more weight and authority, and he was frequently 
recurred to as an advocate. In 1773, an interesting epoch in Mr. 
Kenyon's private life took place; he formed a matrimonial cor^- 
nection with his relative, Mary, the third daughter of George 
Kenyon, of Peel in Lancashire, the family before alluded to ; and 
not long after, he contracted an intimacy with Mr. afterwards 
Lord Thurlow, and Chancellor. About this period too, and for 
some years after, his practice in the Court of Chancery was very 
extensive, and of the most lucrative kind, by which, as well as ia 
the other lines of his profession, he acquired a very considerably 

a In the parish of Hanmer. 



LORD KENYON. 120 

■jjroperty. In 1/80 a circumstance occurred, which not a little 
contributed to establish his reputation as an advocate and a public 
speaker, namely, his being employed as leading counsel for the 
defence of the late Lord George Gordon, on a charge of high 
treason ; on this interesting occasion, Mr. Kenyon's second was 
Mr. Erskine, who on that day distinguished himself in such a 
manner, as in a great degree laid the foundation of his future 
fame. In April 1782, soon after the accession of the Rockingham 
party to ministerial pov/er, Mr. Kenyon, was, without serving the 
intermediate office of Solicitor, appointed to the important situatioa 
oi Attorney-General, and at the same time, chief justice of Chester j 
in the former office he succeeded the late James Wallace, Esq. 
father of the Right Hon. Thomas Wallace. The circumstance 
of Mr. Kenyon's direct promotion to the office of attorney-general, 
was regarded as a singular instance 3 this however is erroneous, 
similar promotions have before occurred, and the case of Sir Ed- 
ward Law, a late attorney-general, is a recent instance. 

In parliament Mr. Kenyon took a decided part in politics, 
warmly attaching himself to the party of the late minister, Mr. 
Pitt, and he distinguished himself not a little by his speeches on 
she noted affair of the coalition, Mr. Fox's India Bill, Sec. In 
March 1/8-1, he was appointed Master of the Roll", an office of 
high judicial dignity, and generally leading to still higher legal 
honours : however, its emoluments fell very short of those which 
Mr. Kenyon necessarily relinquished by discontinuing his profes- 
sional pursuits as a counsel : about this time he was created a 
Baronet. 

In this situation, Sir Lloyd Kenyon continued until the latter 
end of May 17S8, when on the.resignation of the venerable Earl of 
Mansfield, who, for the long period of thirty-two years, had held 
the honouable and very important office of Chief Justice of the 
CoLRT OF King's Bench, he was appointed to succeed him, and at 
the same time, was elevated to the peerage, by the title of Lord 
Kenyon, Baron of Greeting ton, in the county of Flint. 

He was now fixed in a situation, which though not nominally 
the highest, is perhaps the most important office in the adminis- 
tration of tne law of this country j and Lord Kenyon furnished an 
instance nearly as striking as that of the illustrious Hardwicke, 
that the profession of the law is that which, of all others, affords 
the fairest opportunities for the exertion of genuine talent, and 
persevering industry; whether the object be the gratification of 

VOL. VJIl. n 



130 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

ambition in the attainment of the highest honours in the state, 
or the possession of abundant wealth. 

Of the character of Lord Kenyon in his magisterial and judi- 
cial capacity, convinced it is too well established in the hearts and 
minds of his fellow subjects, we presume not to speak. His con- 
duct in those arduous and important situations which he so lately 
filled, speaks its best and fairest eulogiuraj it has attracted and 
fixed the applauses and gratitude of his countrymen ; his character 
and his fame will descend with increasing lustre to an admiring 
and a grateful posterity. 

A few prominent considerations in the course of Lord Kenyon's 
forensic administration we cannot, however, in justice to him, or 
consistently with our own feelings, refrain from adverting to. "We 
allude, first, to his laudable, firm, and persevering exertions to 
keep the channels of the law clear and unpolluted by low and 
sordid practices, and which vyere particularly exemplified in the 
vigilant and salutary exercise of his authority over the attornies of 
his own court, thg utility of which has been experienced in a very 
considerable degree. Secondly, his unprecedented zeal in the 
cause of morality and virtue, which most conspicuously ap- 
peared in his conduct with respect to cases of adultery and se- 
duction : on these occasions, neither rank, wealthy nor station, 
could shield delinquency from the well-merited censure, and re- 
buke, of offended justice and morality: though much unhappily 
remains to be done, yet his Lordship's exertions, combined with 
those of some of the most virtuous and exalted characters of the 
upper house of parliament, have contributed greatly, notwith- 
standing the acknowledged inadequacy and imperfection of the 
law in these respects, to restrain the fashionable and prevailing 
vices alhaded to. 

A thud consideration, and which highly redounds to the ho- 
nour of his Lordship's magisterial character, is the strictness, not 
to say severity, with which he administered the justice of the law 
against the pernicious tribe of gamblers of every description, who 
have for some years infested the metropolis. On these occasions, 
as well as in those above mentioned, thii conduct of this truly vir- 
tuous judge, was such as incontrovertibly shewed that the law is 
no respecter of persons } and his persevering exertions to restrain 
the destructive vice of gaming, have been attended with no in- 
considerable degree of success. Nor should we omit to mention 
the very laudable spirit and firmness, which on all occasions he 
evinced in maintaining due order and decorum in his court. 



LORD KEN YON. 131 

We cannot conclude this part of our subject, without giving, 
8s supplementary to it, the following concise and comprehensive, 
but highly appropriate character of the late chief justice ; it is 
extracted from a much esteemed tract, which appeared not long 
after his elevation to the Bench, and, in almost every particular, 
perfectly coincides with our ideas on the subject : 

" Lord Kenyon may not equal, in talents or eloquence, the 
pre-eminent character whom he succeeds on the bench of justice j 
nevertheless, he possesses qualities more appropriate to, and know- 
ledge more connected wiih, the important office which he holds. 
Profound in legal erudition, patient injudicial discrimination, and 
of the most determined integrity, he is formed to add no common 
lustre to his exalted station. He does not sacrifice his official to 
his parliamentary character : the sphere of his particular duty is 
the great scene of his activity, as of his honour ; and though, as a 
lord of parliament he will never lessen his character, it is as a 
judge that he looks to aggrandize it. Such men will be revered 
for their virtues and their wisdom, when the por^y declaimers and 
ihe frothy pleaders of the day have long been forgotten." 

In private life, the character of Lord Kenyon was amiable and 
praise- worthy, in the highest degree ; no man could possibly excel 
hira in the relations of husband and father ; indeed, in the former, 
he may be considered as a pattern of coniugal virtue. In his 
mode of living, he was remarkably temperate and regular; but 
the gratuitous assistance, in his professional capacity, which it was 
well known he had often afforded to necessitous and injured indi- 
viduals, does away the imputation, that a fondness for money was 
rather a prevailing trait in his character." 

Lord Kenyon had issue by his Lady, three sons, namely. 

First, Lloyd, born May 22d, 1/75, whom his father appointed 
to the office of Philazer of the Court of King's Bench: he stood 
not long before his death an electioneering contest for the county 
of Flint. This gentleman died September 15th, 1800, and the 
manner in which his Lordship was affected by this melancholy 
event, is supposed, in .some degree, to have accelerated his own 
dissolution. 

Secondly, George, the present Lord Kenyon. His Lordship 
was appointed by his late father to the very lucrative situation of 
joint chief clerk of the Court of King's Bench, on the demise of 
the late Earl of Mansfield, belter known as Lord Viscount Stcr- 
mont ; and joined in the patent with John Way, Esq. 

Third, Thomas, born in the parish of St. Giles in the Field, 



133 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND 

September 27th, 1/80, married, April 12th, 1803, Charlotte, sister 
of William Lloyd, of Aston, Esq. and has a son born June l6th, 
1804. 

George, second but eldest surviving son, second and present 
Lord Kenyon, was born in the parish of St. Giles in the Fields, 
June 22d, 1776, ^ 

His Lordship married, February 1st, 1803, Margaret Emma, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Hanmer, of Hanmer in Flintshire, Bart, 
by whom lie has issue. 

First, Margaret Emma, born November 5th, 1803. 

Second, Lloyd, born April 1st, 1805. 

Third, George, born February 24th, I8O6. 

Fourth, Marianne, born May 29th, IS07. 

Fifth, A daughter, born September 2d, 1S08. 

Title. George Kenyon, Lord Kenyon, of Gredington in 
Flintshire. 

Creation. Lord Kenyon, Baron of Gredington, June gthj 
1788. 

Arms. Sable, a chevron engrailed or, between three crosses 
fieure argent, a crescent for difference. 

Crest. A lion seiant, holding between his paws a cross fieure. 

Supporters. See the plate. 

Motto. MaGNANIMITER CRUCEM SUSTINE. 

Chief Seat. Gredington, Flintshire. 

a His Lordship is author of, " Observations on the Roman Catholic Ques.. 
t'lon," London, i8io,8vo. ; highly commendeu by The Britiih Critic for August, 
.i8:o, p. 171. 



BARONESS HOWE. 



133 




CURZON, BARONESS HOWE. 



Richard, the late Earl Howe, was advanced to the dignity of 
a peer of Great Britain, by letters patent, dated April 20th, 1/82, 
by the name, style, and title of Viscount Howe, of Langar hi 
the county of Nottingham, to him and the heirs male of his body 
lawfully begotten; and was farther advanced, on August 18th, 
1/88, to the dignity of Earl Howe, with remainder to the heirs 
male of his body; also to the title of Baron Howe, of Langar in 
Nott'mghamshire, with remainder, in default of issue male of his 
own body, to his daughters, in succession, and the issue male of 
their bodies. 

Henry Howe, living in the reign of King Henry VHI. had 
issue; first, John Howe, son and heir; second, Thomas Howe; 
third, a daughter, wife of John Walsh. 

John Howe, eldest son, of the parish of St. Helen's, Lon- 
don, made his will on January 24th, 15/3-4; and the preamble 
shews he had a good judgment, and virtuous mind. He leaves 
charities to the poor of St. Helen's parish, London, wherein he 
dwelt ; and to twenty poor people, present at his burial, each of 
them a gown, to be chose by bis executor ; and also to such poor 
as shall resort to his burial, 4d. each, as far as 4/. would extend. 
To the poor children of Christ's hospital, 40^. and the two 
Compters, and the prison of Newgate, Ludgate, King's Bench, 
and Marshalsea, to every of them 205. 

He bequeaths to his son, John Howe, his best chain of gold, 
weighing sixteen ounces; to his brother, Thomas Howe, 20/. 
and to Humphrey, his son, 10/. He bequeaths to his son, Jolii^ 
Howe, and to his daughters, Susan and Judith, and to his daughter 



134 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Hilliard, and her husband ; to his cousin Mr. Alderman Bond, 
and his wife j to his brother Sharington, and his wife ; to John 
Lowen, and his wife ; and to his cousin George Bond, and his 
wife ; and to every of them, a black gown of cloth, of 17 or \8s. 
a yard. To his cousin William Bowreman, of Wells, he bequeaths 
a black gown of like value, if he fortune to be in London at his 
burial ; or, if he be absent, a ring of gold with a death's head, 
price 405. desiring him to receive his yearly rents from Hunspell, 
and transmit to London, as heretofore he hath friendly done. He 
bequeaths mourning to every of his servants, dwelling with him 
at his decease J and ordains, that his executor reward every of 
them somewhat besides, according to his discretion, and theii 
diligent service. Moreover, he charges his executor, that all his 
debts, in right or conscience, be truly paid and satisfied. 

He further bequeaths to the poor of the parish of Usadme, 
where he was born, 61. I3s. Ad. within six months after his de- 
cease, by the discretion of the vicar and church-wardens there, 
for the time being, and of his brother Thomas, and brother-in- 
law John Walshe. 

To his son-in-law, William Hilliard, Gent, and Anne his 
daughter, his wife, each of them a ring of gold with a death's 
head, price 50^. 

The residue of all his goods, &c. not bequeathed, he divides 
among his children, John Howe, Susan, and Judith. 

He ordains John Howe, his son, sole executor; and over- 
seers, IMr. Alderman Bond, and his cousin William Walshe, and 
leaves to each of them a ring of gold with a death's head therein, 
of the value of 3l. each, with these words. Memento mori; desir- 
ing" them to be aiding and assisting to his executor, more for old 
love and acquaintance, than for reward. 

Sealed and delivered as aforesaid, and the seal annexed : a 
fess ingraUed, letween three wolves heads, as now borne by his 
descendants. 

As to the disposition of all and singular his lands, &c. in the 
counties of Soynerset, Devon, Essex, and city of London, and in 
the suburbs of the same, or elsewhere within the realm of Eng- 
land, he disposes of them as follows. He settles on his son and 
heir apparent, John Howe, his heirs and assigns, for ever, all that 
his messuage, called the Hose in Sraithfield, and all other his mes- 
suages in the parishes of St. Sepulchre, London, St. Giles without 
Cripplegate, St. Thomas the Apostle, and St. Stephen, in Cole- 
man-street, London : [p his daughter Susan, and the heirs of her 



BARONESS HOWE. 135 

body, his two messuages, with the appurtenances, situate in St. 
Helen's-close, in the parish of St. Helen, within Bishopsgate ; in 
default, to his right heirs for ever: to Judith, his daughter, and 
the heirs of her body, his messuage in the said close of St. Helen, 
late in the tenure of Edward Marty n, Esq. deceased ; remainder 
to his right heirs, as aforesaid : to Anne Hilliard, his daughter, 
now the wife of William Hilliard, Gent, his messuage, garden, 
and appurtenances, in the tenure of John Butler, Gent, in the said 
close of St. Helen ; the remainder as aforesaid. 

To his son and heir, John Howe, he bequeaths all that his 
manor and lordship of Hunspel de la Heies, with the rights, mem- 
bers, and appurtenances, i?i the counly of Somerset ; and all those 
messuages, lands, &c. in South Wokingdon in Essex; and also 
those messuages, and tenements, in the parish St. John Zachary, 
in Foster-lane, London, to him and the heirs of his body j in de- 
fault, to his said three daughters, Anne, Susan, and Judith, and 
the heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten ; in default, to his ne- 
phew, William Walshe, and the heirs male of his body 3 in de- 
fault, to his brother, John Walshe, and the heirs male of his body 
lawfully begotten ; the remainder to his right heirs. Also to his 
said son, John Howe, he bequeaths all his lands and tenements in 
Kyttesford, in com. Somerset, and in Washfelde, in Devon ; and, 
in default of issue, to his brother, Thomas Howe, and the heirs 
of his body; in default, to his right heiis. In witness whereof, 
he sets his hand and seal, on May 14th, 1574. 

He died on* the 27th of that month, leaving issue John 
Howe, his son and heir, 18 years of age at the time of his death, 
as appears by inquisition taken at Taunton, on May 5th, 1576. 

Which John Howe took to wife Jane, daughter of Nicholas 
Gruhham, of Bishafs LkUard in com. Somerset, ^ grandson and 
heir of Robert Grubham, of the same place. And the said Jane, 
by the death of her brother. Sir Richard Grubham, of JVishford 
in com. TJ^ilts, Knight, who married Margaret, daughter of Wil- 
liam Whitmore, alderman of London, and died without issue, in 
1629, brought a very large fortune to her husband and children. 
Also George Grubham, brother to the said Sir Richard, dying 
without issue in l5gQ, left legacies by his will, bearing date*^ on 
April 30th, 1596, to his sister Howe, the wife of John Howe, as 

a Cole's Escaet. in Bibl. Harley. prced. 

b Visde com- Wilts, Dors, et Somers. c. 22, p. 14, in OfRc. Arm. 

c Ex Registr. Drake, quir? 76. 



136 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

also to every of her children ; and the residue of his estate to his 
brother^ Richard Grubham, and appoints him sole executor. 

The said John Howe, Esq. by Jane his before-mentioned, had 
issue '^ three sons j first, John j second, George; and, third, 
Laurence; also one daughter, Elizabeth, married to John Sainton, 
Esq. 

Sir George Howe, the second son, was seated at Cold Berwick^ 
otherwise Berwick St. Leonard's in Wilts; and supplying King 
Charles L with large sums of money during his troubles, was 
knighted, and served in parliament for the borough ofHindon. 
He married Dorothy, daughter of Humphrey Clarke, otherwise 
Woodechurch, of Woodechurch in Kent, Esq. by whom he left 
two sons and one daughter, viz. first. Sir George ; second, John, 
of Some?- ton in Somersetshire, who married the daughter of . ... 
Strode, Esq. ; and Margaret, wife to John Still, of Shaftsbury, 
Esq. Sir George Gruhhaiti Howe, the elder son, born in ltf27, 
served in several parliaments for Hindon; was created a Baronet 
June 20th, 166O; married, in 1050, Elizabeth, younger daughter 
of Sir Harbottle Grimston, of Bradfield-Hall in Essex, Bart, and 
dying September 26th, 16/6, had many children, who all died 
young, except one son. Sir James, and four daughters ; Dorothy, 
married to Henry Lee, of Dungeon near Canterbury, Esq. ; Anne, 
to John Lisle, of Moyle's-Court in Hampshire, Esq.; Elizabeth, 
to Robert Hovenden, of Frisley in Kent, Gent. ; and Mary, to 
Sir George Rooke, vice-admiral of England, who died January 
26th, 17O8. S\v James Howe, the o?ily son, member of parlia- 
ment for Hindon, married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward 
Nutt, of Nackington in Kent, Esq. and she dying September 8th, 
1691, he took to his second wife Elizabeth, daughter and coheir 

to Stratford, of Hailing in Gloucestershire, Esq. who also 

dying in 1702 without issue, the title became extinct by his death 
on January 19th, 1735, set. sixty-six. 

Sir John Howe, eldest son of John by Jane, sister of Sir 
Richard Grubham, by gift of his said uncle, had the manor 
of Compton in Gloucestershire, with Wishford and other estates 
in Wiltshire. He was high sheriff of the county of Gloucester in 
1650, and created a Baronet on September 22d, 166O. He mar- 
ried Bridget, daughter to Thomas Rich, of North Cerney, in the 
county of Gloucester, Esq. Master in Chancery : she lies buried 
under a handsome marble monument in the church of Withino- 

<i Vis, de com. Wilts, &c prsd. 



BARONESS HOWE. 137 

ton in Gloucestershire, with the following inscription in small 
c;ipitals. 

" Bridffett, one of the davg-hters of Thomas Rich of North 
Cerney in this Covnty of Glove. Esq. one of the Masters of the 
highe Covrte of Chavncery, and Anne his wife, one of the 
davgliters and Coheires of Thomas Bovrchier of Barnesly in the 
said Covnty, Esq. the 23th of Jvly l620, was married to John 
Howe of Little Compton in this Parish, Esq. nephewe and Heire 
of Sir Richard Grobham of Great Wishford in the Covnty of 
Wiltes Knt. deceased; with whome shee lived a vertvovs and 
lovinge wife 21 yeares and xi moneths, and had Issue 9 Children 
(viz.) 

''First, Richard Grobham Howe, borne the 28th of Avgvst 
IQ21, who married Lvcie, one of the Davghters of Sir John St. 
John of Lyddiard Tregoze in the said Covnty of Wiltes Knt. and 
Barrt. 

"■ 2diy, John Grobham Howe, borne the 25th of Janvary 
1624, who married Annabella, one of the daughters and coheires 
of Emanvell, late Earle of Sunderland. 

" 3d!y, December the 4th 102(5, Svsanna was borne, who 
married John Ernie of Berry Towne, in the said Covnty of Wiltes, 
Esq. 

" -Ithly, Third day of March 1629, Thomas Grobham Howe 
was borne, 

"■ 5thly,The 13th dayof Jvne 1630, WilliamHowe was borne» 
slayne at Limlricli in the Kingdom of Ireland. 

" dthly. The 4th of March l632, Anna Howe was borne, who 
died very yovnge and lyeth hcere buryed. 

" 7thly, The 21th day of December 1 633, Elizabeth Howe, 
was borne, now the wife of Thoinas Chester of Aunsiury i?i this 
County, Esqr. 

" Sthly, The 22th of October 1035, George Howe was borne, 
who died younge and lyeth buried at Wishford in the vavlt. 

" gthly. The 27th of November 1637, Charles Howe was 
borne. 

" And on the 15th day of Jvne l642, Annoqve iEtatis Svae 
46; left them to the protection of the Almighty, and her owne 
mortality to this earth, expeclinge a joyfvll resurrection." 

At the top are the figures of a man and woman, and between 
them a scutcheon of their arms, or, a fcss leliveen three IVulves 



138 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

heads coupt salle for Howe, impaled with, per pale sahle and 
gules, a cross lottony Jitchy letiueen three Jleurs-de-lis or, for 
Rich. 

Sir Thomas Ginbham Howe, third son, was knighted, and 
married Hesther, daughter and coheir of "^ Sir William Main- 
waring, Knight, who was killed upon the walls of Chester, l645, 
on the part of Charles I. but died s. p. 

Sir RiCHAKD 'Grubham Howe, second Baronet, the eldest 
son, married Anne, fourth daughter of Dr. John King, Lord 
Bishop of London, widow of John Dutton, of Sherborne in Glou- 
cestershire, Esq. by whom he had an only daughter*' Lucy, 
married to Edmund Waller, of Gregories in Bucks, Esq. and one 
son. 

Sir Richard, third Baronet, who represented the county of 
Wilts in nine parliaments, and married, August 12th, 16/3, Mary, 
daughter of Sir Henry Frederick Tbynne, of Kempsford in Glou- 
cestershire, Bart, sister of Thomas the first Viscount Weymouth, 
but by her, who died September 5th, 1735, had no issue, and de- 
ceasing July 3d, 1730, his title and estates descended to the heirs 
of his uncle John Gruhham Howe, second son of Sir John the first 
Baronet. 

Which John Grubham represented the county of Gloucester 
in parliament, from 1661 to 1678, and by his marriage became 
possessed of the manor of Langar in the county of Nottingham, 
where he fixed his residence j which manor, formerly the inheri- 
tance of the Tiptofts, passed from them to the family of Scrope s 
by the marriage of Roger, Lord Scrope of Bolton, with Margaret, 
eldest daughter and coheir of Robert Lord Tiptoft ; and his de- 
scendant Emanuel, last Lord Scrope of Bolton, and Earl of Sun- 
derland, having no issue by his wife, the Lady Elizabeth Man- 
ners, daughter of John, Earl of Rutland, settled it and the rest of 
his estates upon his natural issue, which he had by Martha Janes, 
of whom the only son, John, dying unmarried July 31st, 1646, 
his three sisters became his coheirs, whereof the youngest, named 
Annabella, upon the partition of the estate, had the manor of 
Langar allotted to her, and brought it to her husband the said 

c Her sister Judith married Sir John Busby, of Addington com. Bucks, 
Knight, by whom she left an onlycliiid Hesther, married to the Hon Thomas 
Egerton,ot'Tatton-Park, Clieshire, third son of John, third Earl of Bridge- 
water, Seevcl.iii. p. 200. 

f Mon. Angl vol. iii. p. 88- 
g Thoroton"s Nottinghamshire, p. 104. 



BARONESS HOWE. 139 

John Giubham Howe, Esq. King Charles II. by his letters, re- 
gistered in the office of arms, bearing date the first day of June 
1663,'' in the fifteenth year of his reign, in consideration of the 
good and acceptable service done and performed by John Howe, 
of Langar, Esq. her husband, and for a mark of his especial grace 
and royal favour, granted and ordained, that she, the said Anna- 
bels, should be had, taken, and esteemed as the daughter of an 
Earl of this kingdom of England, and that, for and during her 
natural life, she have, hold, take, use, and enjoy the style, place, 
degree, precedency, and privileges thereof, in as full and ample 
manner, as if she had been the legitimate daughter of Emanuel 
late Earl of Sunderland ; with a precept of obedience to all and 
every of his Majesty's subjects : from which time she was styled. 
The Right Honourable Lady Annabella Howe ; and, havino- sur- 
vived her said husband, died on March 21st, 1703-4, in the 
seventy-fourth year of her age, and lies buried at Stowell, under 
an handsome marble monument.' Their issue were four sons 
and five daughters. Of the sons, 

Scrope, the eldest, was ancestor to the present Viscount, and 
the present Baroness. 

And from John Griilham, the second, the late Lord died- 
worth descended. 

Third, Charles, of Gritworth. 

Fourth, Emanuel. "^ 

h Ex Autogr. i Le Neve's Mon. Ang. vol. iv- p. 72. 

k Third, Charles, born in 1661, was seated at Gritworth, in the county of 
Northampton, and by Eleanor his wife, daughter and heir of Sir William 
Pargiter, of Gritworth, Knight, * widow of Sir Henry Bering, Knight, had 
issue three sons and three daughters. The sons and two daughters died 
young, and are buried at Gritworth, wiih their mother, who died July ;5th, 
1696; Leonora-Maria, their only surviving daughter and heir, married Peter 
Bathurst, of Clarendon- Park, in Wiltshire, Esq. 

Fourth, Emanuel, took to a military life, and rose gradually, by his 
merit, to be a colonel of a regiment of foot, and was one of the grooms of the 
bed-chamber to King William, who conferred on him a grant of lieutenant of 
Alice-Holt and Wolmer forests in Hampshire, after the term of Colonel Wil- 
liam Legge's grant of forty- five years, which he had surrendered to him for a 
valuable consideration. In the reign of Oueen Anne, he was, on March oth, 
1703, promoted to the rank of brigadier-general; and in 1705;, was sent her 
Majesty's envoy extraordinary to the Elector of Hanover, afterwards King 
George I. He arrived at the Hague, and set out fioni thence on his journey 
to Hanover, on October 17th, 1705, where he arrived on the i5th of the same 



* Bridgcs's Northamptonshire, vol. i. p 126. 



140 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Which ScROPE, the eldest son, ^first Viscount Howe, born in 
November l643, was educated in Christ-church college, Oxford, 
where, on September 8th, l6G5, he commenced master of arts. 

month. On May icth, 1707, he was promoted to be major-general of her 
Majesty's forces ; and was afterwards lieutenant-general of her forces. He 
died on September 26th, 1709; and by Ruperta his wife, * natural daughter 
of Prince Rupert, third son of Frederick, titular King of Bohemia, by the 
Princess Elizabeth, only daughter of King James 1. had issue three sons, 
William, Emanuel, and James; also a daughter, Sophia, who was maid of 
honour to her late Majesty Queen Caroline, when Princess of Wales, and 
died on April 4th, lyiG. Major William Howe, eldest son, left an only 
daughter and heir, by Elizabeth his wife, third daughter and coheir of Wil- 
liam Pauncefort, Esq. viz. Mary, married to Sir George Smith, of East-Stoke, 
Notts, Bart, by whom she was mother of the late Sir George Smith Bromley 
Paunceforte, Bart. 

John Howe, Esq. the second son of the before-mentioned John Howe, 
ind I.ady Annabella, remarkably distinguished himself by his speeches on 
several weighty affairs in the house of commons, whereof he was a member, 
till within a few years of his decease. In the convention parliament, which 
met at Weitminster, on January 22d, 1688-g, he served for Cirencester, and 
was constantly chose for that borough ; as + also knight of the shire for the 
county of Gloucester in the three last parliaments of King William, and in 
the first, fourth, and seventh years of Queen Anne. When King William 
and Queen Mary were proclaimed King and Queen of England, on the esta- 
blishment of their court, % he was made vice-chamberlain to Queen Mary. 
In 1696, he was a strenuous advocate for Sir John Fenwicke, and his pleading 
in belnlf of that unfortunate gentleman shews his extensive knowledge of the 
laws, and aversion to unconstitutional measures. In 1699, when the army 
was reduced, it was ^ principally owing to Mr. Howe, that the house of com- 
mons agreed to allow half-pay to the disbanded officers : and when the par- 
tition-treaty was afterwards under the consideration of that house, he ex- 
pressed his sentiments of it in such terms, that King William declared, that 
if it were not for the disparity of their rank, he would demand satisfaction 
with the sword. At the accession of her Majesty Queen Anne, || he was 
swornot her privy-council, on .'^pril 21st, 1702 ; and, on Jurje7th following,! 
constituted vice-admiral of the county of Gloucester Aho, before the end of 
that year, ** he was constituted Pay waste r-Gen f.ral of her Majesty's 
guards and garrisons, viz. on January 4th, 1702-3. And a new privy-council 
being settled, on May loth, 1708, +t according to act of parliament, relating 
to the union of the two kingdoms, he was, among other the great officers, 
sworn thereof. He continued paymaster of the guards and garrisons till 
after the accession of King George I %% who appointed Robert Walpole, 



* Sandford's Genealogical Hist, of the Royal Family. 

t Willis's Lists of Pari. MS. 

J Kennet's Hist, of Engl. vol. iii. p. 350. § Ibid. p. 77;. 

g Pointer's Chron. Hist. p. 471. f Ibid. p. 473. 

** Ibid. p. 482. it Pointer's Chron. Hist. p. 593, 

%X Supplement to Pointer's Hist p. 777. 



BARONESS HOWE, 141 

He represented the county of Nottingham in ths reigns of 
Charles II. William III. and Queen Annej and was one of those 
patriots who, on June 26th, 1080, delivered a presentment to {h& 
grand jury of Middlesex, against the Duke of York, with reasons 
for indicting him for not going to church j one of which was, that 

Esq. to succeed him, on September 23d, 1714; and the privy-council being 
dissolved, and a new one appointed to meet on October ist following, he was 
also left out of the list. Whereupon, retiring to his seat at Stowell in Glou« 
cestershire, he there died in the year 1711, and was buried in the chancel of 
the church of Stowell. He married Mary, daughter and coheir of Humphry 
Baskerville, of I'entryllos in Herefordshire, Esq. widow and relict of Sir Ed- 
ward Morgan, of Lanternam in Monmouthshire, Bart, by whom he left issue 
John, his son and heir. 

Which John Howe, of Stoiuell, Esq. on the decease of Sir Richard 
Howe, of Compton in Gloucestershire, and Wishford in Wiltshire, Bart, in 
1730, without issue, succeeded to those estates; and was likewise elected, in 
his place, one of the knights for Wiltshire. Also, on a new parliament being 
summoned to meet on June 17th, 1734, he was re-elected. And his Majesty 
was pleased to create him Lord Chedworth, Baron of Chedivoith, in the 
oiouy of Gloucester, by letters patent, bearing date May i2th, 1741, 14 Geo. II. 
His Lordship mairied Dorothy, eldest daughter of Henry-Frederick Thynne, 
Esq. grandfather of Thomas Lord Viscount Weymouth, by which Lady, 
(who died at her house in Leicester-square, London, on February 14th, 1777J 
he had issue eight sons and five daughters ; first, Richard, who died young; 
second, John Thynne Howe, his successor ; tliird, Frederick-Henry, third 
Lord Chedworth ; fourth, Thomas, who was in holy orders, and died June 
3d, 1778, having married to Frances, daughter of Thomas White, of Tatting- 
ston-place in Suffolk, and had issue two sons, both of the name of John : the 
first died an infant, and the youngest, born August izd, 1754, became 
fourth Lord Chedworth; fifth, Charles, who died unmarried; sixth, Scroop, 
who died young; seventh, James, who, on July 5th, 1755, married Susanna, 
daughter and heir of Sir Humphrey Howarth, of Maselwych in Radnorshire, 
Knight, which Lady died April ist, 1758, and her husband on June 24th, 
1772; and William, who died in January 1782, at Cheltenham, aged sixty- 
nine. The daughters were, Mary, wedded, in 1751, to Alexander Wright, of 
Bath, Esq.; Anne, who died young; another Anne, wlio married Roderick 
G Wynne, Esq. of Brecknockshire, and died June 6, 1764 ; Dorothy and Lucy. 

His Lordship died in April 1742, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

John Thynne Howe, second Lord Chedworth, who married, 
September 23d, 1751, Martha, daughter and coheir cf Sir Philip Parker Long, 
of Arwarton in Sufiblk, Bart. He died s. p. on May 10th, 1762; and hii 
Lady survived till Itovember 30th, 1775. His brother, 

Frederick Henry, succeeded as TH iRD Lord Chedworth; and dying 
unmarried in 178 1, was succeeded by his nephew 

John (son of his brother Thomas) fourth Lord Chedworth, a 
man of most recluse habits, and eccentric character, but of some minor pre- 
tensions to literature, who spent his time at an house in Ipswich : and dying 
unmarried October 29th, 1804, aged fifty, divided his large property by a pe- 
culiar will, which was long disputed, among strangers ; particularly his 
lawyer and his apothecary. 



142 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

there had been divers letters read in both houses of parliament^ 
and at the secret committee of both houses, from several Cardi- 
nals and others at Rome ; and also from other Popish bishops and 
agents of the Pope in other foreign parts, which apparently shewed 
the great correspondence between the Duke and the Pope j and 
expressing how the Pope could not chuse but weep for joy at the 
reading of some of his letters, and what great satisfaction he 
took to hear the Duke advanced the Catholic religion ; that the 
Pope had granted breves to the Duke ; sent him beads, and ample 
indulgences, &c. But the Court of King's Bench, hearing of this 
presentment, sent for the jury up and dismissed them. 

To prevent the introduction of Popery, by the said Duke of 
Yorlv (who by the death of his brother had succeeded to the crown), 
and to preserve the constitution of England, the Earl of Devon- 
shire concerted with Sir Scrope Howe the means for inviting the 
Prince of Orange to England ; upon whose landing in the West, 
Sir Scrope joined the Earl at Nottingham, and united with him 
in a declaration, dated November 22d, l6SS, of their sense and 
resolution, which was unanimously subscribed on this principle : 
" We own it rebellion to resist a King that governs by law; but 
he was always accounted a tyrant that made his will tiie law ; 
and to resist such a one, we justly deem no rebellion, but a ne- 
cessary and just defence." And when necessity forced the Prin- 
cess Anne from London, he accompanied the Earl with a good 
body of horse, who marched some miles from Nottingham to 
conduct her thither. 

In the convention parliament, he was one of the knights for 
the county of Nottingham 3 and voted for supplying the vacancy 
of the throne with King William and Queen Mary ; for which 
heirty concurrence in the revolution, he was made a groom of his 
Majesty's bedchamber, which he held till the King's death, and 
was advanced to the peerage of Ireland by privy seal, dated at 
Kensington April 3d, and by patent at Dublin, May l6th, 1/01, 
by the title of Baron Clenaivley and Viscount Howe, with the 
creation fee of 13/. Qs. 8d. The preamble to this patent running 
thus : " Cum nos regia mente recolentes, quam mature predi- 
lectus & tidelis subditus noster Scroopeus How de Langar in co- 
mitatu nostro Nottingham, in dicto regno nostro Angliae, miles, 
ae illustravit in defensione religionis & libertatis patriae suae, curn 
in imminenti periculo ab inimicis, tam domesticis quam foris, 
secum extiterunt j ac etiam repetita ilia teslimonia lidelitatis & 
ligeantiae sua% quae personae nostras regaii ac rcgimini nostro con- 



BARONESS HOWE. 143 

tinuo & manifeste indicavit : et ut futuiis temporibus dignoscatur, 
quam gratiose accepirans hoec laudabilia sua merita ac servitia, ac 
monumentum quoddam favoiis regalis nostri, o\> benemerita tanta, 
ipso Scroop How militi & posteris suis exhibere voleiites. Sciatis 
igitur, &c," and her Majesty Queen Anne in 1711, constituted 
him comptroller of the excise. 

In 107^, he was first married to Lady Anne Manners, sixth 
daughter of John, eighth Earl of Rutland, by whom he had one 
son, John Scrope, born October 5th, 1675, who died young; and 

two daughters ; AnnabcUa, married to Goulding, Esq. ; 

and Margaret, to Captain Mugg. 

His second Lady was Juliana, daughter of William, Lord Al- 
HiTglon, of Horseheath in the county of Cambridge, and of Kil- 
lard in Ireland, by his wife Juliana, daughter of Baptist Noel. 
Viscount Cambden, and departing this life at Langar, January 
16th, J7'2, was there buried, leaving issue, by her, Emanuel 
Scrope, his successor, and three daughters. 

First, Mary, wiio in 1J20 was appointed one of the maids of 
honour to Caroline, Princess of Wales j on June 14th, 172,5, she 
was married to Thomas Earl of Pembroke, by whom she had no 
issue; on October gth, 1/35, she re-married with the honourable 
John Mordaunt, brother to Charles, Earl of Peterborough, and 
died on September 12th, l7-i9. 

Second, Juliana, married. May 27th, 1725, to Thomas Page, 
of Battlesden in Bedi'ord shire, Esq. second son of Sir Gregory 
Page, of Greenwich in Kent, Bart, by whom she had no issue, and 
died liis widow in 17SO. 

Third, Anne, married May Sth, 1/28, to Colonel Charles 
Mordaunt, only son of brigadier-general Lewis Mordaunt, third 
son of John Viscount Avalon. 

Emanuel Scrope, the second discount Howe of the Kingdom 
of Ireland, succeeded to the title of a Baronet of Great Britain, 
on the death of Sir Richard Grubham Howe, on July 3d, J 730; 
was member for the county of Nottingham, in the 6th and 7th 
parliaments of Great Britain ; and in May 1732, was appointed 
goi'ernor of Barladoes, where he died on March 29th, 1/35, and 
his corpse being brought to England September 30th following, 
was deposited in the family vault at Langar. 

On April 25th, 1719, his Lordship was married to Mary So- 
phia-Charlotte, eldest daughter of the Baron Kieiaiansegge, master 
of the horse to King George I. as Elector of Hanovi-r, (by Sophia 
Charlotte, daughter of Count Platen of the empire, who was 



I 



144 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

made a free Denizen of Ireland, Septemper gth, 1/21, and twoi 
days after created, by patent, Countess of Leinster, and April 
10th, 1722, created Baroness of Brentford, and Countess of Dar- 
lington in England ; being also Countess of Piaten, and Baroness 
Kielmansegge in Germany) ; which Lady, who survived till June 
13th, 1/82, and was buried at Langar, brought a considerable es- 
tate to this family ; and on April 16th, 17^9, the King granted 
to her, and his Lordship for life, the yearly pension of 7-50/. to 
commence from Christmas preceding 5 she was also one of the 
ladies of the bed-chamber to her Royal Highness Augusta, Prin- 
cess of Wales, and had issue by his Lordship ' six sons and four 
daughters. The sons were : 

First, Scrope, who died an infant. 

Second, George-Augustus, who succeeded to the titles. 

Third, Richard, the late Earl. 

Fourth, John, who died an infant. 

Fifth, William, prese?it Viscount. 

Sixth, Thomas, who died unmarried, November 14th, \77^t 
in the forty-first year of his age, and was buried at Langar. 

Caroline, the eldest daughter, married John Howe, of Hanslop 
in Buckinghamshire, Esq. 

Charlotte, second daughter, wedded Robert Fettiplace, of 
Swinbrook in Oxfordshire, Esq. 

Juliana, third daughter, died unmarried. 

Mary, fourth daughter, married the late General Sir William 
Augustus Pitt, of Highfield in Hampshii'e, K. B. brother to George, 
late Lord Rivers. 

George Augustus, the eldest surviving son, succeeded his 
father as third Viscoiir.t Howe; at the general elections in 1/4/ 
and 17^'^, he was chosen representative for the town of Notting- 
ham j on May 1st, 17-^9, was made captain of a company in the 
first regiment of foot-guards, with rank as lieutenant-colonel in 
the army, and soon after appointed aid-de-camp to his Royal 
Highness the Duke of Cumberland ; on September 2Sth, 1757, 
was constituted colonel of a regiment of foot, and commanded as 
brigadier-general in the expedition again Ticonderoga, in North 
America, under General Abcrcrombie, and displayed his military 
talents so as to gain the confidence and love of the whole army ; 
but was unfortunately slain on July 5th, 1758, in a skirmish with 
the French, on the march towards that place, which may be con- 

1 From the Pedigree entered in the House of Peers. 



BARONESS HOWE. ' 145 

sidered as one cause of the ill-success of that expedition. General 
Abercrombie, in his dispatches to Mr. Secretary Pitt (afterwards 
Earl of Chatham), dated from the camp at Lake George, July 12, 
1758, gives the following account of this fatal event. " The 
army continued its march through the wood, with a design to 
invest Ticonderoga 5 but the wood being very thick, impassable 
with any regularity to such a body of men, and the guides un- 
skilful, the troops were bewildered, and the columns bioke, fall- 
ing in one upon another. 

" Lord Howe, at the head of the right centre column, sup- 
ported by the light infantry, being advanced, fell in with a French 
party, supposed to consist of about 400 regulars, and a few In- 
dians, who had likewise lost themselves in their retreat from the 
advanced guard ; of these, our flankers killed a great many, and 
took 148 prisoners, among whom were five officers, and three 
cadets. 

" But this small success cost us very dear, not as to the loss of 
numbers, for we had only two officers killed ; but as to conse- 
quence, bis Lordship being the first man who fell in this skir- 
mish j and as he was very deservedly universally beloved and re- 
spected throughout the whole army, it is easy to conceive the 
grief and consternation his untimely fall occasioned ; for my part 
I cannot help owning that I felt it most heavily, and lament him 
as sincerely." 

Richard, fourth Viscount Howe, and Earl Howe, and 
FIRST Barox Howe of Langar, was born in 1/25, was edu- 
cated at Eton, entered the sea service at the age of fourteen, on 
board the Severn, Hon. Captain Legge, part of the squadron des- 
tined for the South Seas under Anson. He next served on board 
the Burford, 1743, under Admiral Knowlesj in which be was 
afterwards appointed acting lieutenant ; but his commission not 
being confirmed, he returned to Admiral Knowles in the West 
Indies, where he was made lieutenant of a sloop of war j and dis- 
tinguished himself by cutting out an English merchantman, which 
had been taken, from under the guns of the Dutch settlement of 
St. Eustatias. 

In 1745, he was with Admiral Vernon in the Down?; and a 
short time after raised to the rank of Commander, in the Balti- 
more sloop of war. In this ship he distinguished himself by at- 
tacking two French frigates off the coast of Scotland, full of 
troops and ammunition, for the Pretender. These he made sheer 

VOL. viir, J. 



146 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

off. For this action he was made Post Captain, and on April 
10, 17-^Q, appointed to the Triton frigate, and ordered to Lisbon. 

He was soon afterwards appointed first captain of Admiral 
Knowles's ship of SO guns on the Jamaica station; and at the 
conclusion of the war, I/'IS, returned in her to England. 

In March 1/50-1, Captain Howe was appointed to the com- 
mand on the Guinea station, in La Gloire, of 4-1- guns. 

At the end of 1751, he was appointed to the Mary yacht, and 
soon after to theDelphine frigate, in which he sailed to the Straits, 
and in which he executed many and important services. Here he 
remained for about three years, and soon after obtained the com- 
mand of the Dunkirk of 60 guns. In this ship he sailed under 
Admiral Boscawen to obstruct the passage of the French fleet 
into the gulf of St. Lawrence, when Captain Howe took the 
French ship Alcide of 64 guns off the coast of Newfoundland. 

In 1757, when a powerful fleet was prepared undar Sir Ed- 
ward Hawke, to make an attack on the French coast. Captain 
Howe had the command of the Mignanime, in which ship he 
battered the fort in the island of Aix till it surrendered. 

In 1758, he was appointed commodore of a small squadron 
which sailed to annoy the enemy on their coasts. This he effected 
with his usual success at St. Malo's, On the 1st of August he 
sailed for Cherbourg ; when the town was taken, and the basin 
destroyed. The unsuccessful affair of St, Cas followed. 

In July of this year, 1753, he succeeded by the death of his 
elder brother to the Irish title of Viscount Iloive; and in the fol- 
lowing year was employed in the Chatmel on board his old ship 
the Magnanime, and in the month of November was with Hawke 
when he obtained the celebrated victory over Conflans. 

In March 176O, be was appointed colonel of the Chatham 
division of marines 3 and in September following was employed 
to reduce the French fort on the isle of Dumell. 

On August 23d, 1763, his Lordship was appointed a lord of 
the admiralty; where he remained till August 1765. 

He was then made Treasurer of the Navy ; and in Oc- 
tober 1 770, was promoted to be Rear-Admiral of the Blue, and 
Commander in Chief in the Mediterranean. 

In March 1775, he was appointed Rear- Admiral of the "White. 
He was afterwards chosen to represent the borough of Dartmouth 
in parliament, 1762, 1768, 1774, 178O. In December of the 
same year, he was made Vice-Admiral of the Blue. 



BARONESS HOWE. 14/ 

In 1776, he was appointed naval commander in chief in Ame- 
rica; in which command, considering the disadvantages with 
which he was surrounded, he closed the campaign with honour. 
He then resigned the command to Admiral Byron ; and on his 
return to England in October, immediately struck his flag. In 
this year he was advanced first to be Vice- Admiral of the White, 
and then of the Red. 

On April 20th, 17S2, he was raised to the English Peerage 
by the title of Viscount Howe of hangar, in the county of 
Nottingham, and was then appointed to the command of the fleet 
for the relief of Gibraltar. 

In Jan. I 783, on the accession to power of Lord Rockingham, 
he was appointed Fikst Lord of the Admiralty, which he re- 
tained only till April j and to which he was re-appointed on the 
accession of Mr. Pitt, in December following. He retained this 
office tillJuly 1788. 

On August igth, 1788, he was elevated to an Earldom by the 
title of Earl Howe, to him, and the heirs male of his body j and 
also to the title of Barox Howe of hangar, with remainder to 
his daughters and the heirs male of their bodies, in succession. 

On the breaking out of the revolutionary war, J 703, he ac- 
cepted the command of the Western squadron. 

" Three powerful armaments," says Dr. Bisset, " were pre- 
pared for the campaign of 1794: one under Lord Hood com- 
manded the Mediterranean, reduced the island of Corsica, and 
protected the coasts of Spain and Italy : a second under Sir John 
Jervis, with a military force headed by Sir Charles Grey, reduced 
Martinico, Guadaloupe, St. Lucia, and some parts of St. Domingo. 
But the most illustrious monument of British naval glory was 
raised by Earl Howe. During the preceding part of the war, 
France, conscious of her maritime inferiority to Great Britain, 
had hitherto confined her exertions to cruizers and small squa- 
drons for harassing our trade. In the month of May, the French 
were induced to depart from tliis system of naval warfare. 
Anxious for the safety of a convoy daily expected from America, 
conveying an immense supply of corn and flour, of naval stores 
and colonial productions, the Brest fleet, amounting to twenty- 
seven sail of the line ventured to sea under the command of Rear 
Admiral Villaret. Lord Howe expecting the same convoy, went 
to sea with twenty ships of the line. On the 28th of May he de- 
scried the enemy to windward. Admiral Paisley in the evening 



148 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

gave signal to the vanmost ships to attack the enemy's rear. 
Lord Hugh Seymour Conway attacked the Revolutionaire of 120 
guns, and being soon supported by Captain Parker of the Auda- 
cious, so damaged the enemy's ship that she struck j but escap- 
ing during the night, she was towed into Rochfort. The next 
morning the fleets resumed the conflict, but the intermission of a 
thick fog prevented its continuance. The fog lasted that and the 
greater part of the two following days. The sun occasionally 
breakins: throus;h the mist, shewed to each other the direction of 
the fleets ; and Lord Howe employed this time in most masterly 
manoeuvres to obtain the weather-gage, that be might compel 
them to fight when the atmosphere should clear, and at length he 
succeeded. On the 1st of June, the fog being dispersed, our Ad- 
miral, from his former excellent dispositions, found an opportu- 
nity of bringing the French to battle. Between seven and eight 
in the morning, our fleet advanced in a close and compact line : 
the enemy finding an engagement unavoidable, received our onset 
with their accustomed valour, A close and desperate engage- 
ment ensued, presenting the French as combatants worthy of oc- 
cupying the naval heroism of England. The Montague of 130 
guns, the French Admiral's ship, having adventured to encounter 
the Queen Charlotte of 100 guns, was, in less than an hour, com- 
pelled to fly : the other ships of the same division seeing all efforts 
ineffectual against British prowess, endeavoured to follow the fly- 
ing Admiral J ten, however, were so crippled that they couJd not 
keep pace with the rest : but many of the British ships were so 
damaged, that some of these disabled ships of the enemy effected 
their escape. Six remained in the possession of the British Ad- 
miral, and were brought safe into Portsmouth, viz. La Juste of 
80 guns. La Sans Pareille of SO, L' America 74, L' Acbille 'JA, 
L' Impetueux 'J A, and Northumberland 74 : these, with Le Ven- 
geur, which was sunk, made the whole loss of the French amount 
to seven ships of the line. The victorious ships arrived safe in 
harbour with their prizes : the crews, officers, and Admiral were 
received with those grateful thanks and high applauses which 
Britain never fails to bestow on her conquering heroes. Earl 
Howe was by all ranks and parties extolled for his tactical skill,, 
steady perseverance, and determined courage ; first, in forcing the 
enemy, after every evasion, to a close action'j and then in obtain- 
ing so signal an advantage over a fleet superior in its number of 
ships and of men, as well as in size and weight of metal. The 



BARONESS HOWE. I4g 

year 17.Q4, surpassing in disaster by land the unfortunate 1777, or 
17SI, by sea equalled the glories of 1759." ■" 

In 1795, he was appointed General of marines on the death of 
Admiral Forbes. 

In 1797> government sent Lord Howe, an officer universally 
beloved throughout the British fleet, to quell the mutiny. Tlus 
illustrious commander having pledged his word to the seamen 
that government would faithfully keep its promises, they declared 
their unlimited confidence in Lord Howe's assurance, and re- 
turned to their duly. 

His Lordship finally resigned the command of the Western 
squadron in April 1797- 

In June 1 'O/, he was elected K. G. 

His Lordship died at his house in Grafton -street, London, of 
the gout in his stomach, August 5th, 1799) aged seventy-three." 

He was succeeded in the Irish Viscounty by his brother Sir 
William; and in the English Barony by his eldest daughter Lady 
Charlotte Sophia Curzon, ofivhom hereafter. 

S\r Willi AM, present andjifth Viscount Hoive, being brought 
up in the army was made a major-general May 22d, 1772; a 
lieutenant-general August /th, 1777? and a general October 25tb, 
1793, He was made colonel of the twenty-third foot. May 11th. 
177-5; and of the nineteenth dragoons April 21st, 1786. 

He was elected member of parliament for Nottingham town 
on the death of his eldest brother 1758; to which he continued 
to be elected 1762, 1768, and 1 774. 

On May 25th, 1775, Major-General Howe, with Generals 
Burgoyne and Clinton, arrived in America with a considerable 
reinforcement to General Gage, who, since the formation of the 
American army, had confined himself to defence, but now judged 
his force sufficiently strong for offensive measures. The battle of 
Bunker's Hill, between Charlestown and Boston, immediately 
followed ; in which General Howe commanded a division ; and 
which was gained by the British not without a considerable loss. 
The Americans however asserted that they were really successful, 
because, though dislodged from one post, they had blocked up 
the regulars, and by keeping them from offensive operations, 
frustrated the purpose for which they had been sent. In truth, 
Boston continued in a state of blockade till the following year. 

» Bissett's Reign of George III. vol. v. p. 506 — 508. 
n Gent. Mag. vol. Ixix. p. 724, I05. 



150 PEERAGE OF ExMGLAND. 

Gage was now returned home, and the conimand, in 177^» 
devolved on General Howe. Washington now besieging Boston, 
General Howe, being in the greatest distress for provisions, em- 
barked with the British Loyalists on the l/th of March for Halli- 
fax, and arrived there in the end of the month. Here he was 
obliged to remaiii for two months to receive reinforcements ex- 
pected from England, with a fleet commanded by bis brother 
Lord Howe ; but these not arriving, he resolved to wait no 
longer J leaving Halifax June llth, he arrived the end of the 
month in Sandy Hook near New York. At length the reinforce- 
ments camej Lord Howe reaching Staten island on July 14th, 
So reinforced, the British army amounted to near 30,000 men. 

" The commanders," says Bisset, " possessed high characters, 
and had distinguished themselves in subordinate stations of trust 
and importance in the former war. The naval officer had in the 
year 1758, on the coast of France, laid the f )un(lation of a fame 
which was increased during subsequent services : the military 
gentleman was the distinguished favourite of General Wolfe, led 
the body which first seized the heights of Abraham, and after- 
wards supported and advanced the situation in which he was held. 
It was true, he never had an opportunity of distinguishmg him- 
self as a General, except at Bunker s Hill ; and having acted there 
under the command of another, he merely proved, as before, that 
he was an active and intrepid soldier: but from his conduct in 
secondary situations, he was very naturally allowed credit for abi- 
lities which could fill up the first with equal propriety From 
their near relation, no doubt was entertained that there would be 
the utmost harmony between the General and Admiral ; and the 
appointment of Lord Howe and Sir William to the chief com- 
mand of the naval and military operations afforded general satis- 
faction in England ; and the most sanguine expectations were en- 
tertained of their success. It must be acknowledged, that their 
hopes were not without apparently probable grounds."" 

Besides their military powers, the General and Admiral were 
appointed, under a late act of parliament. Commissioners for re- 
storing peace to the colonies, and for granting pardon to such as 
should deserve the royal mercy, p But their overtures in this 
way were reje, ted. 

The British commander therefore opened the campaign on 
August 22d, 1776 j and the same month won the battle of Long- 
Island. Overtures of peace were now again made in vain. 

o Hist. vol. ii. p 353. p Ibid. p. 353. 



I 



BARONESS HOWE, 151 

In September the General took the city of New-York ; and 
soon after by the capture of Fort VVaihington, and the surrender 
of King's bridge, the British troops were in possession not only 
of New York, and the adjacent islands, but also of an easy access 
either to New England, or the Jerseys. 

Notwithstanding these and other successes of the generals 
under Lord Cornwallis and Sir Henry Clinton, General Howe re- 
tired into winter quarters. And it must be confessed, that the 
conduct and event of the winter operations proved very different 
from what the friends of Britain expected, and the provincials ap- 
prehended. The luxury and dissipation in which the winter was 
passed at head-quarters, has been much blamed. Washington 
was very differently employed. 

Summer of 1/77 being commenced. General Howe opened 
the campaign by detachments, while with the main army he 
continued in his present residence. 

On June 12th, he himself attempted by a stratagem to bring 
Washington to battle, but failed in his design ; and, disheartened, 
resolved to abandon the Jerseys, and crossed with his army to 
Staten island. 

On July 23d, he sailed on an expedition by sea to Philadelphia. 
General Washington informed that the army was arrived in Penn- 
sylvania, crossed the Delaware with his army on the nth of Sep- 
tember. The British troops advanced to Brafidy IFine, a river, 
which, narrowing from the west, falls into the Delaware below 
Philadelphia. Here the British gained another victory. 

On September 22d, Sir William Howe (for he had been elected 
a Knight of the Bath in this year) crossed the Schuylkill with his 
whole army ; on the 26th he advanced to German Town ; and on 
the following day, with Cornwallis, took possession of Philadel- 
phia without opposition. On October 3d was fought the battle 
of German Town, in which the British were still victorious. Other 
services were performed by detachments 5 and at length in De- 
cember the General retired into winter quarters at Philadelphia j 
where the severity of the season was passed as the former. 

The General commenced the campaign of 1778 in the begin- 
ning of March, by the operations of detachments as before. But 
soon afterwards resigned his command, and returned to Europe j 
being succeeded by Sir Henry Clinton. 

In April I779, a parliamentary inquiry was commenced on 
the General's conduct. The result of the evidence of Lord Corn- 
wallis, Major-General Grey, Sir Andrew Snape Hamond, Majoi; 



152 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Montresor, and Sir George Osborne was, that the force sent to 
America was at no time equal to the subjugation of the colonies ; 
and that the difficulty chicdy arose from the almost unanimous 
hostility of the people to the British government, and the natural 
obstacles of the country, so abounding in woods, rivers, hills, and 
defiles, 1 The inquiry was soon after abruptly abandoned, ■■ 

His Lordship had some commands at home during the late 
war; among which he commanded at Colchester in 179^- 

He married Frances, fourth daughter of the Rt. Hon. William 
Conolly, of Castletown in the county of Kildare, by the Lady 
Anne Wentworth, eldest daughter of Thomas, third Earl of Straf- 
ford ; but by her has no issue. 

Lady Chaklotte-Sophia, eldest daughter of Richard, late 
Earl Howe, succeeded her father in August 1799^ as Baroness 
Hov»^E OF Langar. 

Her Ladyship married, July 31st, 1/87, the late Hon. Penn 
Assheton Curzon, eldest son of the present Viscount Curzon, who 
died September 3d, J 797 ; and by him had issue, 

Fiist, George-Augustus-William, born May 14th, 1788, died 
in January 1805. 

Second, Leicester, born Noyember 8th, 1792, since dead. 

Third, Richard- William, born December 3d, 1796. 

Title. Charlotte-Sophia Howe, Baroness Howe of Langar in 
Nottinghamshire. 

Creation. Baroness Howe of Langar, August 19th, 1 788. 

Arms. On a fess between three wolves heads cooped, sable. 

Supporters. Two Cornish choughs, proper, beaked an 
legged. Gules. 

q Bi?sct, vol. iii. p. 105. ^ Ibid, p. i 



LORD BRAYBROOKE. 



153 




NEVILLE, LORD BRAYBROOKE. 



George Neville, Lord Abergavenny, who died September 
20th, 1492, leaving by Margaret^ daughter of Sir Hugh Fenne, 
Knight, 

First, George, Lord Abergavenny, who died 27 Hen. VIIL 
father of Henry Lord Abergavenny, who died 1587, leaving 
Mary, his daughter and heir, married to Sir Thomas Fane. 

Second, Sir Edward Neville, of Aldington Park in Kent, 
who by Eleanor, daughter of Andrew Lord Windsor, was father 
of 

First, Edward, who succeeded his cousin Henry as Lord 
Abergavenny in 1587> ^nd died 31 Eliz, See vol, v. art. Aber- 
gavenny. 

Second, Sir Henry Neville, of BUlingbere in Berkshire, " who 

a In the church of Lawrence- Waltham in Berkshire, is a stately monu- 
ment for Sir Henry Neville, the father, whereon is the statue of a person 
kneeling, and facing the East ; behind him are the statues of his two wives; 
and behind them his son in armour, kneeling with his wife behind him. 
Under him are six Latin verses ; and this epitaph ; 

" Here lyeth Sir Henry Ne- 
V I L L, Knight, descended of the 
Ne-vi/es, Barons of Abe> gavenny^ 
who were a branch of the house 
of Westmerlatid, He was (besides 
martial service) of the Privy 
Chamber to King Henry the Eight 
& King Edward the Sixt. He 
dyed the 13th of January, 1593. 
Issue he had by Dame El i z a- 
jETH, sole hcire to Sir John 



154 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir John Gresham ; and 
had issue 

Sir Henry Neville, of Billwglere, of whom Lodge gives the 
following Memoir. 

" He owed his introduction at court," says Lodge, " to a 
family connection with secretary Cecil, and his promotion there, 
perhaps, yet more to his own merit, for he was a person of 
great wisdom and integrity. He was appointed ambassador to 
France, in April 1599; and, in the summer of the following year, 
acted as first commissioner at the treaty of Boulogne. Unfortu- 
nately for him, the negociation was concluded a few months before 
the discovery of Essex's conspiracy ; and at his return he unwarily 
listened to some hints of that wild design, which his excessive at- 
tachment to the Earl induced him to conceal. Essex, on his ar- 
raignment, named him as a party ; he was committed to the 
Tower for misprision of treason, in the midst of his preparations 
for returning to his charge in France, and sentenced to pay a 
heavy fine, which was mitigated to 5000 /. The alteration caused 
in his pecuniary circumstances, by the rigid exaction of this 
penalty, compelled him, in the next reign, to accept of offices 
beneath his deserts; and contrary to his spirited disposition, we 
iind him projecting and executing various little schemes for the 
relief of James's necessities ; and, in spite of the eflbrts made by 
his friends to get him appointed secretary, in l6l2, he was never 
advanced to any higher employment, owing, as it is said, to the 
King's having conceived a personal dislike to him." He died 
l6l5. There are numerous letters by and to him, in Winwood's 
Memorials, of which Hume speaks in high terms. 

Sir Henry Neville married Anne, daughter of Sir Henry 
Killigrew of Cornwall, Knight, by whom he had issue three 
eons : 

First, Sir Henry, of whom presently . 

Gresham, Knight, by Dame 
F a A iN c E s , sole heire to Sir 
Henry Thwaites, Knight: 
which Dame Elizabeth dyed 6 Nov. 
1573. Dame Franc Es Gresham bu- 
ried the 27th of October, 1580. And 
are both here also buried, with Eli- 
zabeth Nevil L, the eldest daughter." * 



* Ashmole's Eeikshire, vol ii. p. 431, 432. 



LORD BRAYBROOKE. ' 155 

Second, Edward Neville, died s, p. He lies buried at Shil- 
lingford in Berkshire, with the following epitaph^ on a monument 
in the north wall of the chancel : 

M. S. 

D. Edoabdi 

Nevill, Armi. ex 

flexuosa stemmatis 

Notiliter vetusti serie 

Progerminati : cui pater D. 

Henricus Neville, Eques Auratus 

extraordinaria Reginse Elizab, 

ad Henricum iv. Gall, Regem 

Legatione perhonorifice functus aliam 

Musaium et Encyclopaedicam 

Nobilitatem^ adserc^ntis inter 

Eegalis Collegii Cantalrigiensis 

Sodales, unius quondam meritissimi 

ud blandiorem prolificamque 

Conjngii sodalitatem, prolecti 

tandem festivo cuniculo 

ad ^iugustiorem adhuc atque 

insohibilem beats seternitatis 

Societatem evecti. Anno iEtatis 

30, Christi, mdcxxxii. Hoc 

Uxoriae et obstinatae posthumiae 

Charitatis symbolum devotissimum 

masrens mserenti, P. Alicia 

Uxor ejus. ^ 

Third, Richard Neville, LL. D. left a daughter. 

And five daughters ; viz. first, Elizabeth, married Sir Henry 
Berkeley, of Yartington com. Somerset, Knight ; second, Frances, 
married Richard Worsley, of Apuldrrcombe in the Isle of Wight 3 
third, Catherine, married Sir Pvichard Brooke, of Norton in Che- 
shire, ancestor to the present Sir Richard Brooke ; fourth, Mary, 
married Sir Edward Lewknor, of Denham-Hall, Sussex; fifth, 
Dorothy, married Sir Richard Catlyn, of Wingfield Castle, Sutf. 

Sir HexVky Neville, of Billingberej Knight, eldest son, died 
June 2f)thj 1629, having married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John 

1- Ashmole's Berkshire, vol. i. p. 181. 



156 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Smith, of Ostenhanger com. Kent, Knight, by whom he had 
three daughters, and two sons, viz. 

First, Catherine, married to Sir Thomas Lunsford, sometime 
lieutenant of the Tower of London ; second, Mary, wife of ... , 
Borell ; third, Philippa, married to Jepson. ^ 

The sons were : 

First, Richard, of whom presently. 

Second, Henry Neville, of Warfield in Berkshire, a man of 
some celebrity in his day; who was born at Billingbere, became 
a member of Merton College, Oxford, in 1635, aged fifteen; and 
soon after translated himself to that of University , where he con- 
tinued some years, but took no degree. In the beginning of the 
civil wars, he travelled into France, Italy, and other countries^ by 
which he advanced himself much in the knowledge of modern 
languages and of men ; and returning in \6-\5, or thereabouts, 
became a Recruiter in the Long Parliament, for Abingdon in 
Berkshire : at which time he was very great with Henry Martin, 
Thomas Chaloner, Thomas Scot, James Harington, and other 
zealous common wealth's-men. In November 16'51, he was 
elected one of the council of state, being then a favourite of 
Oliver; but when he saw that person gaped at monopolizing the 
government, he left him, was out of his favour, and acted little 
during his usurpation. In l658, he was elected burgess for Read- 
ing, to serve in Richard's parliament, which began at Westminster 
January 27th of the same year ; and when that person was de- 
posed, and the Rump Parliament shortly after restored to sit in 
the house, there was a letter from King Charles II, then in exile, 
casually put "^ into his hands, to be presented to that junto, for 
his restoration to his kingdom; but the members thereof voting, 
that it should not be opened or read in the house, they looked 
upon themselves afterwards, when they saw what General Monk 
intended, as idiots and desperate fools. At that time he was a 
great Rota-man, and was one of the chief persons of James Har- 
ington's club of commonwealth*s-men to instil their principles 
into others, being then esteemed a man of good parts, yet of a 
factious and turbulent spirit ; but after the restoration he skulked 
for a time, and at length being seized, he was, among others, im- 
prisoned, but soon after set at liberty. He published, first. The 

r Visitation of Berks 1664, Harl. MSS. 1530. 
d James Heath in his Brief Chron. cf the late inteftine tvar, &e. Lend. 
1663, part jii. under the year 1660. 



LORD BRAYBROOKE. 15; 

Parliament of Ladies, l647, 4to. 5 second. Shuffling, Cutting, 
and Dealing in a game of Picket, ^c. \Q5Q, 4to, ; third. The Isle 
of Pines, l66S, 4to. ; fourth, Plato Redivivus, 168I, Svo. : of all 
which publications see more particulars in Wood's Athence. He 
also wrote the Preface to Machiavel's IVbrks, 16/4, and 168O, 
Svo. &c. He was likewise the author of several copies of verses, 
printed in several books, which with some people obtained him 
the name of a poet. He lived twenty years before his death in 
lodgings in Silver-street, near Bloorasbury-market ; and dying on 
September 20th, l604, was buried at Warfield in Berkshire. '^ He 
married Elizabeth, sole daughter of Richard,^ and niece and heir 
of Edward, Staverton, ot Heathley-Hall in Warfield, aforesaid. 

Richard Neville, of Billinghere, Esq. eldest son of Sir Henry 
(by Elizabeth Smith), was justice of the peace, and deputy lieu- 
tenant of the county of Berks ; and was aet. forty-eight, on March 
28th, 1QQ5. He married Anne, eldest daughter of Sir John 
Heydon, of Baconthorpe com, Norfolk, Knight, lieutenant of the 
ordnance to King Charles I. By her he had issue two sons and 
five dau£;hters. 

The former were J first, Anne, born February 14th, 16A7, 
married Richard Rainsford, of Dallington com. Northampton, 
chief justice of the King's Bench ; by whom she had issue Anne 
Rainsford, sole heir, who died 1/07, having married James, 
second Loi-d Griffin, of Braybiooke, who was buried at Dingley co. 
Northampton, Oct. 31st, \7\5, having issue, Edward, third Lord 
Griffin, whodied 1/42, without surviving issue : and two daughters: 
Elizabeth, eldest sister and coheir, married, first, Henry ;_ Neville) 
Grey, Esq. hereafter mentioned j and, secondly, John Wallop, 
Earl of Portsmouth, but died s. p. 1/62 : Anne, second daughter, 
and at length sole heir, married William Whitwell, of Otindle 
com. Northampton, Esq. of whose issue a more particular account 
is given in -vol. vi. under the title of Howard of JValderi. His son 
Sir John Griffin (Whitwell), Lord Howard of Walden, was 
created by patent dated September 5th, 1788, Baron of Bray- 
BROOKE in the county of Northampton, to him and the heirs male 
of his body; and in default of such issue, to Richard Aldworth 
Neville, Esq, of Billinghere in the county of Berks, and to the 
heirs male of his body lawfully begotten. 

Second, Mirabel Neville, born November 15th, 1050; third, 

e Wood's Ath. vol. ii. p 918. 
f He died 1636. Sen his epitaph in Ashmole's Berks, vol. ii. p. 441. 



158 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Elizabeth, born May Gth, l657 ; fourth, Catherwe, born June 
23d, 1659. 

Fifth, Frances Neville, born May igtb, l665, married Sir 
Richard Cocks, of Dumbleton com. Gloucester, Bart, and died 
February 1st, 1/23-4, set. sixty. See her epitaph at Dumbleton, 
in BiglancTs GIouc. vol. i. p. 502. 

John Neville, son and heir, born July 23d, l652, seems to 
have died without issue. 

Richard Neville, of BiUinghere, Esq. second son, born Oc- 
tober 12th, 1655, represented Berkshire in parliament till I/IO. 
He married Catherine, daughter of Ralph Grey Lord Grey, of 
Wark, sister to Ford, Earl of Tankerville j *" and by her had issue 
two sons and a daughter; viz. 

First, Gkey Neville, born September 23d, 1 681, and married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Boteler, of Woodhall com. Hertf. 
but died in 1723, s. p. 

Second, Henky Neville, born August 17th, l683, took the 
name of Grey by net of parliament pursuant to the will of his 
uncle Ralph Lord Grey. He died in 1740, s. p. having married 
Elizabeth, already mentioned, eldest sister and coheir to Edward 
third Lord Griffin ; who surviving him remarried John Wallop, 
Earl of Portsmouth, but died 1/62, s. p. and was buried near her 
first husband at Lawrence Waltham. 

Third, Catherine Neville, died in 172O, and was buried at 
Ruscorabe, Berlvs, having married Richard Aldworth, s of 
Stanlake com. Oxf. Esq. who died in May 1/38, leaving issue 

Richard Neville Alowoeth, of Stanlake aforesaid, only 
son, born September 3d, 1717? took the surname and anus of 

f See vol. V, art. Earl Grey. 

g There was a family of this name seated at Wanting, Berks, of whom 
was Thomas A Idworih, of Wanting, xt. thirty-three, 1664, who by Margaret, 
daughter of 7 homas Castle, of Wanting, was father of Thomas Aldworth, 
set. twelve, 1664. 

Richard Aldworth, of Newmarket, com. Cork in Ireland, was chief Re- 
membrancer of the Exchequer, and married, 1677, Mary, daughter and heir 
of William Crofton, of Temple-House, com. Sligo, Esq. 

Sir Richard Aldworth, of Newmarket, was Provost Marshal, and Vice- 
President of the Province of Munstcr; and from him descended Richard .Aid- 
worth, of Newmarket, M. P. for Lismore, who by Elizabeth, daughter of 
Arthur St Leger, Viscount Doneraile, had St Leger Aldworth, second son, 
>^ho took the name of St. Leger, and was created Baron Doneraile 1776, and 
Vhcount Doneniile 1785. See ArchdalF s Irish Peerage, vo!. vi. p. 122. 

Richard Aldworth. of Hinton-Fipard in Wilts, Gent was buried at Ru»- 
combe, March 15th, 1638. See Aibmile's Berh, vol. ii. p 400. 



LORD BRAYBROOKE. 159 

Neville (on the death of Elizabeth Countess of Portsmouth), by 
his Majesty's licence dated August 30th, I762, He was appointed 
under secretary of state in 1/48 ; secretary to the embassy at the 
court of France August 1762 ; and minister plenipotentiarj'^ there 
in 1763. He was member in four successive parliaments from 
1747 to 1774, for Wallingford, &c. ; and dying July 17th, 1793, 
was buried at Ruscomb in Berks; having married Magdalen, 
daughter of Francis Callandrini, first Syndic of the Republic of 
Geneva, who died June 17th, o. s. 1 75 0, aged thirty-two, and 
was buried at Ruscombe aforesaid. By her he left one daughter 
and one son ; viz. 

Frances Neville, born June 23d, 1749, married at St. Mary- 
le-bone in l/Q'i, to Francis Jalabert, of Crouchland com. Sussex, 
Esq. ; and 

Richard Aldworth Neville, present and second Lord 
Br Aif BROOKE, only son and heir, born in Duke-street, West- 
minster, July 3d, 1750, N. S. Member of parliament for Read- 
ing, Berks, from 1792, till his accession to the peerage. 

In May 2.5th, 1797. on the death of John Lord Hovi^ard, of 
Walden, and Lord Braybrooke, he succeeded to the latter 
Barony, according to the limitation already mentioned, at p. I07. 

His Lordship is now lord lieutenant of Essex, &c. 

His Lordship married at Stow, com. Bucks, June 19th, 1780, 
Catherine, youngest daughter of the Rt. Hon. George Grenville, 
and sister to George, now Marquis of Buckingham 3 and by her, 
who died November dth, 179^* ^nd was buried at Lawrence* 
Waltham, has had issue six sons and four daughters : viz. 

First and second, two male infants, died the day of their birth, 
March 2d, 178I. 

Third, Catherine, born February 23d, 1782, in Pali-Mall, and 
baptized there. 

Fourth, Richard, son and heir, born September 26th, 1783, 
at Stanlake, and baptized at Ruscombe. He is now member of 
parliament for the town of Buckingham. 

Fifth, Frances, born June 5th, 1/85, died May 8th, 17S6, and 
buried at St. James's, Westminster. 

Sixth, Mary, born at Stanlake, August 5th, 1780, and bap- 
tized at Ruscombe; married, April 11th, I8O6, Sir Stephen 
Richard Glynne, of Hawarden Castle in Flintshire, Bart. 

Seventh, Henry, born in Pall-Mall, March 1st 1788; a cap- 
tain in the fourteenth dragoons, died in Spain, August 1809, after 
the battle of Talavera. 



luu PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Eighth, George, born at Stanlake August 17th, lySQ, baptized 
at Ruscombe. 

Ninth, Caroline, born in the parish of St. George Hanover- 
square, October 6th, 1792. 

Tenth, William, born in the parish of St. George Hanover- 
square, June nth, 1796. 

Title. Richard Aldvvorth Neville, Baron of Braybrooke in 
the county of Northampton. 

Creation. Baron of Braybrooke by patent September 5th, 
178S. 

Arms. First and fourth, sable, a griffin segreant argent, beaked 
and langued, or 5 second and third, gules, a saltier argent, charged 
with a rose of the field, and a crescent for difference. 

Crest. On a wreath, a talbot's head, erased sable. 

Supporters. Two lions regardant argent, maned sable. 

Motto. Ne vile velis, 
■ Chief Seats. Audley End near Saffron Walden, Essex ; Bil- 
llngbere, Berks. 



LORD AMHERST. 



161 




AMHERST, LORD AMHERST. 

The family of Amherst, as is proved by a pedigree, collected 
from ancient evidences (preserved in the Heralds Office, London) 
is descended from Saxon original. =* 

In the 22d year of the reign of King Richard the Hd. John 
Amherst was living at Amherst, in the parish oi Pehenhury, alias 
Pejnhury, in the county of Kent, 

He was succeeded in that estate by Thomas, his son and heir, 
who was father to 

Thomas, of the same place, who was succeeded there by his 
son and heir, 

A third Thomas, father of 



a " Hamo, Lord Marourd, Blen, Lavington, Estrusted, Biersted, now 
called Blasted, Nettlested, Ditton, and other lands in the county of Kent ; 
was sherift'of that county at the time of the general survey, made by order of 
William the Conqueror, and entered in Doomsday-book, which is still pre- 
served in the Exchequer. He continued sheriff to the middle of the reign of 
King Henry T. for in the year 11 Ji, Hugh, Abbot of St. Augustine's, granted 
Bodebham and Smetheham to Hamo, and at the same time Hamo made a 
grant of other lands, in the town of Fordwich, to the said Abbey. 

The records of Christ Church, Canterbury, and the deeds of the hospital 
of St. Laurence, prove, that one of the name of Hamo held the lands above- 
mentioned in the reigns of King Richard I L and King John. 

Hamo, Kishop of Rochester, founded an hospital at Hythe, for ten poor 
men : he likewise built the palace at Hailing, for the use of his successors in 
that see. 

Hamo de Herst is mentioned by Philipot, page 5, to be flourishing in 
the second year o; King Edward III. In the next reign of Richard II the 
name appears, by record, to be then wrote Amherst of Amherst, they 
having dropped the Norman de, and the aspirate H." This sort of deductien 
must stand on the credit of the last editor ! 

YOL. VIII. M 



162 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

A fourth Thomas, whose son and heir, 

Richard, ^ had three sons j first, Richard 3 second, William j 
and third, JefFery, ancestor of Lord Amherst. 

First, Richard Amherst, Esq. the son, was seated at Bay- 
Hall, in Pehenhury, alias Pemhury, in the county of Kent, which 
estate he purchased,*^ and at Lewes in the county of Sussex- 
Having applied himself with great assiduity, to the study of the 
laws, he was called to the degree of serjeant at law, and was made 
Serjeant to Queen Elizabeth ; he was also high steward of all the 
manors, lands, and possessions within the county of Sussex, be- 
longing to Thomas Sackville, Earl of Dorset, Lord High Trea- 
surer of England, which Earl, by his will ^ dated Aug. 11th, I607, 
therein styling him his beloved friend, bequeathed to him forty 
pounds. He was founder of the alms-houses at Pembury, where 
he was born. His will bears date August 8th, l630, and the 
probate thereof May 3d, l632. 

By his second wife, Margaret, youngest daughter of Sir Tho- 
mas Palmer, of Wingham, in Kent, Knt. and Bart, and sister to 
Sir Roger Palmer, Knight of the Bath, and Baronet (who survived 
him) he had two daughters j Frances, living unmarried, at the 
visitation of the county of Sussex, in 1634; and Margaret, mar- 
ried to Sir James Colebrand, of Lewes in Sussex, Bart. 

And by his first wife, Anne, who was the daughter and coheir 
of William Reyncs, of Mereworth in the county of Kent, Esq. he 
had a daughter, Anne, baptised at Pembury, January 1st, l602-3, 
and an only son, 

Richard Amherst, of Bay-Hall aforesaid, Esq. who was bap- 
tised at Pembury, May 17th, 1600, and dying, August 29th, 
1664, was buried in the chancel of the parish church of Pembury, 
as was his wife Dorothy, on July igth, 1 654; she was daughter 
of John Craddock, of Ludesdown, and of the parish oflghtham in 
Sussex, Gent, descended from the ancient family of Craddock, 
alias Newton, of the county of Somerset, and on a grave-stone in 
the said chancel, are these inscriptions : 

b From the same ancestors, as it seems, are sprung the Amhersts of West 
Farleigh and Boxley, in Kent ; whose ancestor was Nicholas Amherst, temp. 
Jam. I. 

Nicholas Amhurst, the poet, was born at Marden in Kent, the grandson 
of a clergyman. He died April 27th, 1743. See B'wgr. Diet. vol. i. p. 3 19. 

c Of Robert Sackville, Earl of Dorset, in the seventh of King James I. 
Hasted't Kent, vol. ii. p. 358. 

d Ex Regist. vocat. Dorset, qu. I. in Cur. Praerog, Cant. 



LORD AMHERST. 103 

Among the remains of the dead, lies interred here, the 
body of Richard Amherst, late of Bay-hall, in the 
county of Kent, Esq. who departed this life on the 29th 
of August, 1664, in the 65th yeare of his age. 

And also the body of Dorothy, his deare wife, who left 
this mortal world on the 18th of July, l654, in the 58th 
year of her age, having been married 27 yeares, having 
borne six sons and five daughters ; whereof William, 
Richard, Isabella, and her youngest son, dead borne, lye 
interred on her left hand, hoping for a joyful resurrec- 
tion at the coming of our blessed Saviour, 

Prepare for Death, that hour will come j 
And after Death the day of Doome. 
Dorothy Amherst. 

The sons were. 

First, William, who died young. 

Second, William, hereafter mentioned. 

Third, Charles, who died unmarried, and was buried, No- 
vember 16th, 1705,^ at Perabury. •" 

Fourth, Richard, who died young, and was buried at Pembury, 
June 26th, 1654 ; and. 

Fifth, Henry, who died young. 

The daughters were, Margaret, who died unmarried ; Isa- 
bella, who died very young, and was buried at Pembury, on 
March 24th, 1665-65 

Third, Elizabeth, v/ho became at length coheir to the estate, 
and vv-as buried at Pembury, Jan. 30, 1707-8, having been married 
to Sir Henry Selly, Knight, serjeant at law (by whom she had 
issue, Charles Selly, who took the name oi Amherst, inherited 
the Bay-hall estate, married Margaret, daughter of John Robin- 
son, of com. Denbigh, Esq. relict of Sir George Strode, Knight, 

e Hasted says,Nov. 5th, 1709. 
f This Charles Amherst, by his will, dated March 2d, 1702, gave his es- 
tate (subject to the life-interest of his two sisters. Lady Elizabeth Selby, and 
Mrs. Dorothy Amherst J to his nei)he\v Charles Selby, and the heirs male of 
his body ; in default of male issue, to JefFerj' Amherst, Esq. eldest son of 
Arthur, late M. D. indefaultof male issue, to Jeffery Amherst, Esq. of River- 
head, and his heirs male; in default of male issue, to the heirs male of Mr- 
William .\mherst, late a silkman in London, &c. &c.&c. &c. &c. 



164 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

died s. p. and was buried at Pembury, March 8th, 1744-5 ; and 
Dorothy, who married John Browne, of the county of Salop, 
Esq. and had issue Charles Brown, Esq. of Bay-hall, who died 
1753, s. p.) ; and 

Dorothy, the youngest daughter, and at length coheir (with 
her sister Elizabeth), was second wife to her second cousin JefFery 
Amherst, of Riverhead, as hereafter-mentioned. 

William, the eldest surviving son of Richard Amherst, of 
Bay-hall, Esq. and his wife, Dorothy Craddock, before-mentioned, 
died unmarried, and was buried at Pembury ; within the com- 
munion rails of which church is a black marble grave-stone, 
whereon is engraved the following inscription : 

Orimur. Morimur. 

Inter reliquias mortis, hie sepelitur corpus Gulielmi 
Amherst, generosi (filii natu maximi Richardi Am- 
herst de Bay-hall in comitatu Kant, armigeri) qui ex 
hac luce migravit x"^ die Decembris, Anno Domini 
1663, aetatis suae xxxii"^. In cujus memoriam Do- 
mina Dorothea Amherst, ejus soror charissima hoc 
posuit monumentum. 

Flos jacet hie juvenum; lachrymas cohibere potestis ? 

In tumulum gemitu non cpmitatus eat ? 
Natu morigeri, cognati, fratris, amici. 

Singula praestiterit munia fidus erat, 
Sobrietas, probitas, pietas, prudentia, candor, 

Quaeque bonum sapiunt hunc coluere virum, 
Spiritus in coelo remanet, corpusque sepulchro 

Mundum deservit, raptus amore Dei. 

Having brought the male descendants of Richard Amherst, 
Serjeant at law, to a conclusion, we now come to treat of his two 
younger brothers, the eldest of whom was William, who left a 
daughter, Mary, married to John Champs, of Tunbridge in Kent j 
and the youngest was JefFery, from whom the present Lord 
Amherst is descended. 

Which Jeffery Amherst having entered into holy orders, 
was inducted into the rectory of Horsemonden in Kent, and in his 
last will and testament (which bears date September 24tb, 1647.. 
and was proved on December 2d, 1 662), is styled of Southes in 
the county of Sussex, Clerk, and thereby directs to be buried in 



I 



LORD AMHERST. l65 

the chancel of that parish church. He married Joan, daughter of 
John Barnden, Gent, by whom he had an only daughter, Mar- 
garet, married to Tristram Thomas, of Rotherfield, in com. Sus- 
sex, Esq. and three sons 5 first, Arthur 3 second, Richard; third, 
John. 

Arthur Amherst, the eldest^ son, '^ having studied four 
years at the University of Oxford, removed to that of Bourges in 
France, where he took his degree of doctor in physic, was after- 
wards practitioner in his faculty at Hastings in Sussex ; and was 
incorporated into the University of Oxford, on November 1 1th, 
1662. He afterwards practised at Tuubridge in Kent, where he 
died, and in the cross aile, at the east end of that parish church, 
is a black marble grave-stone, thus inscribed : 

Arthurus Amherst, M. D, 

Vir, Maritus, Parens, Medicus, 

Integer, amans, providus, peritus, 

Regi fidelis, suis charus, omnibus amicus. 

Obijt Jul. 2. A. D. 16/8. 

^tat. suae 63. 

By his last will and testament, dated June 21st, 1678, and 
proved, July l6th, l6S0, he directs to be buried by his wife 
Eleanor, who died before him. She was the daughter of Sir Tho- 
mas Trpsse, Knight, Gentleman Pensioner to Charles I. and had 
issue two sons ; first, JetTery, seated at Fishall, near Tunbridge in 
Kent, Esq. who married . . . . , daughter of Sir Robert Knightley, 
of Easted (Ashted) in Surry, Knight j second, William (whose 
daughter Anne was living at Sevenoaks in Kent, in 17670 Also 
two daughters, ^largaret, the wife of General Walter Baynes; 

and Dorothy, married to Kitchingham, of Southborough, 

in Sussex. 

Richard Amherst, second ' son of Jeffery, rector of Horse- 
raonden, died before his father in l647; he married Mary, 
daughter of Bowen, and had issue Richard, and Eliza- 
beth. 

John Amherst, the youngest son of the said JefFery, was one 
of the benchers of Gray's-Inn, and a counsellor at law; he made 

S Hasted, vol. i. p. 354, makes him second son. 
h Wood's Fasti Oxon. p. 82 5. 
' Hasted makes him eldest son. 



i66 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

his will, November IQth, 1686, which was proved May 25thj 
1691. He was buried at Mickleham in Surry, on the north side 
of the chancel of which parish church, on a black marble grave- 
stone, is this inscription : 

Johannes Amhekst, Armiger, 

Honorabilis Hospitii Graiensis Socius et 

^ Lector anno MDCLXIX. 

Religionis, Ecclesiae, Patriaeque amans. 

^, I- Salutis MDCXCI. 

Obut quarto Mali anno | j^^^^-^ lXXL 

On another black marble grave-stone (in the same church) is, 
this inscription for his third wife : 

Memoris sacrum, 

Dominae Jan^ Onslow, 

Filiae Francisci Stydolfe, Equitis 

Aurati. Tertiae Uxoris Maritus tertius, hoc 

marmor incidi curavit, Johannes Am- 
herst, Armiger, non minus amoris Monu- 
mentum quam doloris : Primo Viro, Henri- 
co Yates, Armigero, binam peperit pro- 
lera Elizabetham et Henricum. Se- 
cundo, Henrico Onslow, Equiti Aura- 
to bis binam, quorum supersunt Ricardus 
et Anna, Tertio, se dedit, castosque amores, 
adeoque se familiae Amherstianae, 
totam inservit, ut se Viro,. natam Viri Filio, 

He married three wives 5 first, Margaret, third daughter and 
coheir of JefFery Kirby, citizen and merchant of Jjondon, (who 
fined to be excused serving the office of Alderman of the said city) 
by Dorothy, daughter of William Baye, and heir to her brother j 
secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Bickerton, of Leicester- 
shire, Esq. relict of Triggs, Esq. of the same county ; also 

of Higgison, Alderman of London; she died in IQQJ. 

His third wife was Jane, third daughter of Sir Francis Stydolphe, 
of Mickleham, in Surry, Knight, widow, first, of Henry Yate, 
Esq. ; secondly, of Sir Henry Onslow, Knight, both of Warn- 

l! This is covered by a pew. 



LORD AMHERST. 167 

ham in Sussex : he had no issue by the two last wives ; but by 
the first he had three sons, 

Firstj Jeffery, who continued the line. 

Second, John ; third, John, who both died young. 

Also three daughters; first, Margaret, born March 27th, and 
baptised April 1st, l651 j second, Annabella, born the 14th, and 
baptised the 19th of January, 1654; married to John Mill, of 
Brewhurst in Sussex, Esq. : third, Mary, born the 7th, and bap- 
tised the 14th of March, l655 ; married Yate, of Sussex, 

Esq. 

Jeffery, the only surviving son and heir, was born the 11th, 
and baptised the 12th of January, 1649 ; and applying himself to 
the study of the law, became a bencher of Gray's-Inn. He 
was the first of the family, seated at Riverhead in Kent ; and was 
buried at Pembury, August 15th, 1713. 

He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Yate, of 
Warnham in the county of Sussex, Esq. by his wife Jane, daughter 
of Sir Francis Stydolphe, of Mickleham in Surry, Knight, before- 
mentioned J his second wife, (to whom he was married at Pem- 
bury, by a special licence, on May 4th, 1687) was his second 
cousin, Dorothy, daughter and at length coheir to Richard Am- 
herst, of Bay-hall, Esq. by his wife, Dorothy, daughter of John 
Craddock, before-mentioned ; she died without issue, and was 
buried at Pembury, May 4th, 1712. 

By his first wife, Elizabeth, he had six sons and four 
daughters. 

First, John, baptised at Warnham, April 10th, 1672^ Jied 
March lOth, 16/6, and was buried at Warnham. 
Second, Jeffery, his heir. 

^ ', ^-r ■^' i both died young. 
Fourth, Henry, J -^ ° 

Fifth, Richard, who died young, March 11th, 168], and was 
buried at Warnham. 

Sixth, Charles, who died an infant, August llth, l682, and 
was buried at W;)rnham. 

The daughters were. 

First, Jane, born the lOth, and baptised the 15th of April, 
1673, at Warnham, and married Boyd, Esq. 

Second, Margaret, baptised Igth February 1674, at Warnham, 
•.md married to John Seyliard, of Pendcll-court, in the parish of 
BJetchingley in the countv of Surry, Esq. who is buried in that 



1(58 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

parish church, and whose grand-daughter, Hester, married George 
Scullard, Esq. barrister at law. 

Third, Frances, baptised at Warnham, June 25th, 1678, died 
young. 

Fourth, Elizabeth, died young. 

Jeffery, the only surviving son and heir, baptised at Warn- 
ham, on July 2Q' 1, ^.6y7, was a bencher of Gray'«-Inn ; and was 
buried at Seven Oikes in Kent, on November 1st, 1750. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Kerrill, of Hadlow in the 
' county of Kent, Esq. (by his wife, Mary, daughter of Maximihan 
Dalyson, of Hamptons and Hailing in the county of Kent, Esq. 
by Frances, daughter and heir of Thomas Stanley, Esq.) and by 
her, who was buried at Seven-Oakes, on May 1st, 1752, had issue 
seven sons and four daughters. The sons were. 

First, Sackville, baptised at Seven-Oakes, in 1/15, died un- 
married December 12lh, 1763, and was buried the l6th, at Nut- 
grove in the county of Gloucester. 

Second, JefFery,^r«^ Lord Amherst. 

Third, John, born at Seven-Oakes, and died Admiral of the 
Blue, on February 12th, 1778 5 he married Anne, daughter of 
Thomas Lindzee, of Portsmouth, Esq. but had no issue 

Fourth, Thomas, baptised May 29th, 1725 ; and was buried 
June 6th following, at Seven-Oakes 

Fifth, Sidney, baptised September 22d, 1 728 ; and was buried 
May 2d, 1729, at Seven-Oakes. 

Sixth, Charles, baptised September l6th, 1729j and buried 
in April following, at Seven-Oakes. 

Seventli, William, born at Riverhead, and baptised at Seven- 
Oakes, February 5th, 1732 ; who was colonel of the thirty-second 
regiment of foot, lieutenant-general of the army, aid-de-camp to 
his Majesty, lieutenant-governor of Portsmouth, lieutenant-go- 
vernor of St. John's in Newfoundland, and adjutant-general of 
his Majesty's forces : he died at his house in Park-lane, London, 
May 13th, 178i. He was married at St. George's, Hanover- 
square, on March 31st, 1766, to Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Paterson, Esq. aiid by her, who died at Bath, March /th, 1776, 
and was buried at Seven-Oakes, had one son, William Pitt Am- 
herst, now Lord Amherst ; and two daughters, Elizabeth, born at 
Bath, February 177'^; ^nd Harriot, born in ihe parish of St. 
John in the Isle of Wight, October 1/75 ; died young. 

The daughters were,. 



LORD AMHERST. 169 

First, Elizabeth, baptised at Seven-Oakes, June , ., 1714, mar- 
ried the Rev-. John Thomas, Rector of Nutgrove and Welford in 
the county of Gloucester, and died (his widow) at Newbold in 
the county of Warwick, April . . , 1779' She was celebrated 
for her poetical talents. 

Second, Margaret, baptised February 3d, 17IS, died unmar- 
ried. May pth, 1735, and was buried the 1-4 th of the same month, 
at Seven-Oakes. 

Third, Mary, baptised at Seven-Oakes, December.., 1720, 
and was buried there the 17th of February following. 

Jeffery, first Lord Amherst, the second son, became at 
length possessed of the family estate at Riverhead, and having 
attached himself early in life to the profession of a soldier, ac- 
quired the highest military honours and preferments, by his great 
and meritorious services to his country, after a six years glorious 
war in North America, where he was appointed Governor and 
Commander in Chief of all the British forces, in 176O. Having 
resigned this command, he sailed from New-York for England, 
in November 1763, on board his Majesty's snow of war, the 
Weazel, and arriving at his house in Pail-Mall, London, on De- 
cember 29th, he, the next day, waited upon his Majesty at St. 
James's, who received him very graciously, and among other 
marks of his royal approbation of his conduct, appointed him go- 
A'ernor of the province of Virginia. 

The victorious achievements of the British forces in North 
America, during Sir Jeffery Amherst's continuance there, cannot 
be better summed up, than by giving two of the inscriptions on 
an obelisk, in the grounds at his seat at Montreal, viz. 

LouisBouRG surrendered, and six battalions, prisoners of war, 

July the 26th, 170S. 
Fort du Quesne taken possession of, 2-4 th Nov. 1758. 
Niagara surrendered 25tb July, 1759. 
Ticondekoga taken possession of, 20th July, 1759. 
Croavn Point taken possession of, 4th August, 1759. 
Quebec capitulated, 18th September, 1759. 

The other, 
b'oRT Levi surrendered, 2jth August, 1760. 
Isle au Noix abandoned, 28th August, 176O. 
Montreal surrendered, and with it all Canada, and ten 



170 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

French battalions laid down their arms, 8th September, 
1760. 
St. John's, Newfoundland, re-taken, 18th September^ 
1762. 

On November 26th, 176O, Sir JefFery arrived at New York, 
and was saluted with a general discharge of the cannon round the 
town ; and the next day he was waited upon by the Mayor, Al- 
dermen, and Commonalty, with the principal inhabitants of the 
town, who had voted him the freedom of their city in a gold box, 
and presented him with the following address : 

The cordial Address of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty , 
of the City of New York, in Common Council convened, to his 
Excellency General Amherst. 

" May it please your Excellency, 

"To the united suffrages of the British world, in favour of 
your Excellency's distinguished merit, the Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Commonalty, of the city of New York, beg leave to add their 
most grateful tribute of thanks, for the invaluable services wrought 
by your superior wisdom and valour, in annexing the extensive 
country of Canada to his Majesty's dominions in America, An 
acquisition so inestimable in itself, so pregnant with the most im- 
portant consequences, cannot fail to shine with a supreme lustre, 
amidst the most luminous events, and give to its author a rank 
exalted in the train of British worthies. Minutely to describe 
the innumerable advantages resulting from so signal a conquest, 
would be a vain attempt. Let millions yet unborn mark the dis- 
tinguished blessings as they rise; and while they reap the happy 
fruits of your martial virtues, they will not cease to bless the name 
of Amherst. 

" Yet that we ourselves may not seem insensible of our hap- 
piness, permit us. Sir, to turn our eyes to the wide-extended 
frontiers of our many fair colonies, over which his sacred Majesty 
has so long swayed his gracious sceptre. How strangely altered 
is the amazing scene ! There the savage native, and more savage 
Canadian, were lately wont to seize the defenceless and inofft^nd- 
ing peasant, doomed, with his tender wife, and helpless children, 
to the most excruciating deaths, or a more dreadful captivity. 
Hence en universal horror seized the borderers. To this sue- 



LORD AMHERST. 171 

ceeded a general dereliction, and the numerous settlements, aban- 
doned to the relentless fury of an insatiate foe, were soon reduced 
to dismal and undistinguished ruin. Husbandry felt the fatal 
effects of such a waste of country : and this city, famous for its 
commerce, beheld, and wept the diminution of its staple. Thus, 
besides the keenest sympathy for our suffering fellow-subjects, we 
have acted our own sad parts in the affecting tragedy. 

" But Canada is no more. The peasant may return in secu- 
rity to his fields ; husbandry will soon revive ; the face of nature 
smile with the blessings of peace ; and this flourishing city rejoice 
in the plenty of its markets. This surprizing change, we attribute, 
with the most humble gratitude, to the paternal care of our most 
gracious Sovereign, in appointing your Excellency to conduct his 
victorious armies in America. 

" Our restless enemies, possessed of the two great rivers of 
St. Lawrence and Missisippi, long since formed the horrid scheme 
of circumventing us with a chain of fortresses. This, with un- 
wearied industry, they at length achieved ; and by this they 
gained the dominion of the lakes, and their connecting streams. 
The passes thus secured, as well into Canada as our own country, 
necessarily procured them the assistance of numerous tribes of 
Indians J and, not to say worse, shook the fidelity of the few who 
had so long valued themselves on our protection. Nothing then 
seemed wanting but a little patience, till they had introduced a 
sufficient number of regulars from France, But in this they 
failed: their sanguine expectations broke down the restraints of 
policy, and they began to execute the deep-laid purpose before 
they had strength sufficient to ensure success. And yet, thus ad- 
vantageously situated, they compelled us in a defensive war, to 
toil through several campaigns : most of which ended in the loss 
of some fort or tract of country. So true it is, (hat the inferiority 
of their numbers was in a great measure compensated for, by the 
possession of those important posts, which, had they not been 
wrested from them by your unexampled conduct, seconded by 
the matchless heroism of the much lamented Wolfe, and the 
vigorous efforts of his brave successor in command, would, in the 
hands of so vigilant, designinrr, and indefatigable an enemy, most 
probably have ended in the reduction of the whole British North 
America. This, Sir, is a hasty portraiture of the mighty evils.: 
from which, by your triumphs, we luive been delivered ; evils 
to which we shall never again be exposed, unless our restless 



172 Jr-i^JiHiiVjJi Ui" iiiN GLAND. 

neighbours should, by a restitution, be enabled to renew the ex* 
ecrable attempt. 

" Yetj what will more effectually perpetuate your name, Sir, 
with universal applause to the lat'^st posterity, are those innu- 
merable benefits arising from an exclusive possession of this vast 
continent. These benefits, the purchase of your labours, will 
unfold themselves in every revolving year till Great Britain shall 
become the Imperial Mistress of Nations. Indeed, to view her 
in her present glorious state, must swell the breast of her every 
worthy son. Her royal fleets seem aheady to give law to her 
neighbours. As often as they spread their canvas, even the in- 
sulting Gaul beholds with trembling expectation ; while to her 
victorious armies it is the same thing to march and to conquer. 
But the vast variety of soils and climates in America, capable of 
producing every necessary and conveniency of life, joined to (he 
fishery on its coast, must infallibly prove to our mother country 
an inexhaustible source of wealthy thus enabling her, as well by 
the power of her arms, as by with-holding or bestowing the bles- 
sing both of art and nature, to humble the united arrogance of the 
most presumptuous opposers, and support the tottering fortunes 
of dependent states. Such, Sir, will be the wonderful effects of 
the conquest gained by those armies, which you have commanded 
with so much honour to yourself and the nation j a conquest too 
immensely valuable ever to be ceded to an enemy, whose prin- 
cipal characteristic is a perfidious abuse of favours. 

But, Sir, while so remarkable an event will never fail to furnish 
the most ample testimonials of your military accomplishments, the 
ingenuous mind must at the same time receive a peculiar satis- 
faction from the contemplation of another part of your uncommon 
character ; we mean your humane and generous use of victory. 
The picture of a Conqueror, drawn from the greatest examples 
recorded in the faithful pages of history, though it strikes the soul 
with a mixture of admiration and terror, is seldom expressive of 
benevolent affections of the heart, even when the conquered are 
rather objects of commiseration than revenge. Hence it is, that 
your compassionate treatment of the vanquished Canadians, must 
appear most singularly amiable ! To require of a disarmed, yet 
implacable foe, whose inhumanities have deserved the severest 
strokes of vindictive justice, nothing mote than a quiet submis- 
sion to the gentle dictates of British rule, is indeed a disinterested 
virtue : and must convince the attentive world, that Britons never 



LORD AMHERST. 173 

conquer to enslave. To conclude. Sir, that the God of armies 
may continue to furnish your head with wisdom, 3'our breast with 
fortitude, and your arm with strength : that he may cover you as 
with a shield, and make you terrible to your enemies in the day 
of battle; that you may long live to enjoy the gracious smiles of 
your Royal Master, the grateful acclamations of the British nation, 
and the peaceful eulogiums of an approving conscience; that 
your name may be remembered with thankfulness by the latest 
posterity; and that your unwearied labours for the public welfare, 
may meet with their due rewards here, and an unfading crown of 
glory hereafter, are the earnest wishes and desires of your Excel- 
lency's most obedient humble servants, 

The Mayor, Aldermen^ and Commonalty, 
of the City of New-Yokk." 
" Nov. 27, 1760" 

To which his Excellency was pleased to return the following 

answer. 

'■'^ Gentlemen, 

" I return you most sincere thanks for the Address you have 
been pleased to make to me. 

" It gives me very particular pleasure that the success of his 
Majesty's arms in the reduction of Canada, has contributed so 
much to the happiness of the people on this continent; and it is 
my most hearty wish, that this city may reap all the advantages it 
can desire from this conquest, and that it may prosper and flourish 
to the latest time." 

On April 11th, 1761, he was created one of the Knights of 
the most honourable order of the Bath ; on November 7th, 1768, 
was appointed colonel of the third regiment of foot, as likewise, 
at the same time, colonel in chief of the sixtieth, or royal Ame- 
rican regiment of foot, which he retained till his death. In Oc- 
tober, 1770, was appointed governor of the island of Guernsey, 
the castle of Cornet, and all other islands, forts, and appurtenances 
thereunto belonging. On October 22d, 1772^ he was appointed 
lieutenant-general of his Majesty's ordnance, which he retained 
till 1782; also, on the 6th of the following month, was sworn of 
his Majesty's most honourable privy-council, and took his place at 
the board accordingly, his Majesty being present; and his Ma- 
jesty, in consideration of his superior merits, and signal services, 
was graciously pleased to advance him to the dignity of a peer of 



174 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

this realm, by the style and title of Baron Amherst, of Holmes- 
dale in the county of Kent, by letters patent, bearing date on May 
20th, 17765 and on March 24th, 1778, his Lordship was pro- 
moted to the rank of general of the army; and in April, 17/9^ 
appointed colonel of the second troop of horse grenadier guards, 
which was reformed June 25 ih, 1/88, and made the second regi- 
ment of life-guards. 

In 1778, he was appointed Commander in Chief of his Ma- 
jesty's land forces in Great Britain, which high office he retained 
till March, 1782 ; and was again appointed to it 1783. 

On July 30th, I7y6^ his Lordship was appointed to the rank 
of Field-Marshal. 

On September 6th, 1788, his Lordship was created Lord Am- 
herst OF Montreal in Kent, with limitation in default of issue 
male of his own body, to his nephew iVilliam Pitt Amherst; and 
the heirs male of his body. 

His Lordship was twice married, first, to Jane, only surviving 
daughter of Thomas Dalyson, of Manton in the county of Lincoln, 
and of Hampton in the county of Kent, Esq. (by his wife Jane, 
daughter of Captain Richard Etherington), which Thomas Daly- 
son was only surviving son of Thomas Dalyson, Esq. by Susan, his 
first wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Style, of Wateringbury, Bart, 
which last Thomas was eldest surviving son of Maximilian Daly- 
son, of West Peckham in Kent, Esq. by his wife Frances, daughter 
and heir of Thomas Stanley, Esq. before-mentioned. She dying 
on January 7th, 1765, aged forty-one, was buried at Plaxtole in 
Kent. 

His Lordship's second Lady was Elizabeth, daughter of the 
Hon. Lieutenant-General George Cary (only brother of Lucius- 
Charles, Viscount Falkland), of Levengrovre, by Isabella, daughter 
of Arthur Ingram, Esq. of Barvaby, both in the county of York ; 
they were married March 26th, 1767, in Clifford-street in the 
parish of St. James's Westminster, by his Grace the Archbishop 
of York ; but his Lordship had no issue by either Lady. 

His Lordship died August 3d, 1797, at his seat of Montreal in 
Kent, set. eighty-one. " The name of Sir Jeftery Amherst," 
say his biographers, " was as much dreaded by the enemies of 
Great Britain, as it was revered by his countrymen. The honour 
of the nation whose battles he fought, seemed to be the predo- 
minant principle throughout his military career. He was a firm 
disciplinarian, but he was the soldier's friend j a man of strict 
economy, always sober, and ready at all times to hear and redress 



LORD AMHERST. 175 

the complaints of the army in general. No ostentation of heroism 
marked any of his actions j but the whole of his conduct evinced 
the firm simplicity of a brave mind, animated by the conscious- 
ness of what was due to himself and his country. As Commander 
IN Chief, it has been said that he was induced by the sweets of 
office to retain his situation longer than his strength permitted 
the active execution of its duties ; but his Sovereign saw no reason 
for his resignation, and his country could not be dissatisfied that 
the post was held by one who had hazarded his life in her de- 
fence."' His Lordship was succeeded by his nephew, 

William Pitt Amherst, second Lord Amherst, of 
Montreal in Kent, born January, 1773. 

His Lordship married, July 24th, 1800, Sarah, Countess of 

Plymouth, relict of Other Hickman, fifth Earl of Plymouth, 

daughter and coheir of Andrew Archer, last Lord Archer (who 

•died February' 28th, 17/8, when the title became extinct), and 

has issue. 

First, a daughter, born July 9th, 1801. 

Second, a son, born August 29th, J 802. 

Third, William Pitt, who died March 2Sth, 1804, 

Fourth, a son, born November 24th, 1805. 

Fifth, a son, born in February, ] 8O7. 

His Lordship was appointed a lord of his Majesty's bed- 
chamber in June, 1804 ; and is at present his Majesty's Minister 
to the King of Sicily. 

Title. William Pitt Amherst, Lord Amherst of Montreal. 

Creation. Lord Amherst of Montreal, by patent September 
6th, 1788. 

Arms. Gules, three tilting spears erect, or, headed, argent ; 
confirmed to Richard Amherst, Esq. by William Camden in 1607. 

Crest. On a wreath, or and gules, a mount, vert} and on it 
three tilting spears, the middle one erect, the others saltierwise, 
or, headed, argent, encircled round their middles with a chaplet, 
vert. 

Supporters. On the dexter, a Canadian war Indian, his ex- 
terior arm embowed, holding a war axe proper ; rings through 
his nose and ears, and bracelets on his arms and wrists, argent; 
over his shoulders two buff belts in saltier, one with his powder- 
horn, the other holding his scalping knife; about his waist a 

' Gent, Mag. vol. Ixvii \> Soi, 802. 



170 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND 

small apron azure, stringed gules, having gaiters on his legs azure, 
stringed gules, seamed or ; the legs fettered and fastened with a 
chain, to the bracelet on the exterior wrist. On the sinister, a like 
Canadian holding in his exterior hand a staff argent, thereon an 
human scalp, proper. 

Motto, CoNSTANTIA ET ViRTUTE. 

Chief Seat. Montreal, in the hamlet of Riyerhead near 
Seven Oaks, Kent. 



J 



I,ORD FISHEKWICK. 



177 




CHICHESTER, LORD FISHERWICK. 

{MARQUIS OF DONEGAL IN IRELAND.) 

1 HIS faniiiy seems anciently to have borne the name of Ciren-^ 
cester, and was one of the most eminent in the county of Devon 
for its antiquity, estate, employments, and alliances, having flou- 
rished for several generations at South-Poole, not far from Kings- 
Bridge, where their most ancient habitation was : and a full re- 
presentation of their dignity is manifested by that learned anti- 
quary. Sir William Pule, in his MS. survey of Devonshire j who 
assures us, that they have a right to quarter the arms of the Ra- 
leighs, the Beaumonts, the Willingtons, and many other noble 
families. 

The first of the name to be met wiih^ is Walleran de Ci' 
renccster (thought to be so denominated from Cirencester in Glou- 
cestershire) said to be descended from a brother of Robert dc 
Cirencester, alias Chichester, Dean of Salisbury, and consecrated 
in 1128 Bishop of Exeter, who bestowed much money, in re- 
building and adorning his Cathedral, in which having sat twenty- 
two years, ^e was buried 1 150, on the south side of the altar, near 
a gentleman of his own name. 

To Walleran succeeded John his son, the father of 

Sir John, whose son 

SirTuoMvs DE Cirencester was lord of the manor of St. 
Mary-Church (an emment sea-mark on the east side of Torbay), 



• Prince's Worthies of Devon, p 135, and Fuller. 
%0L. Vlli. N 



178 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

by his marriage with Alicia dc Rotomago, in the time of Henry 
III. from the beginning of whose reign in 12l6, he sustained 
many honourable employments throughout the whole course 
of it. 

His son William had issue 

Sir John Cirencester, whose son 

Richard, leaving the name of Cirencester, alias Chichester, 
fixed upon the latter, which has continued the surname of the 
family. 

John de Chichester his son, in 34, 45, and 46 years of King 
Edward III. ^ was member of parliament for the borough of Mel- 
comb-Regis, in the county of Dorset, as he also was in 1381, 
5 Richard II. and left 

Sir John de Chichester his heir, who in 1^33 (12 Henry VI.) 
was returned one of the principal gentry of the county of Devon 
by the King's commissioners; and marrying Thomasine, daughter 
and heir lo Sir William Raleigh, of Raleigh near Barnstaple, in 
Devonshire, '^ acquired that inheritance ; and was father of 

John, oi^ Raleigh, who was sheriflF of the county of Devon 
3 Edw. IV, and left issue 

RiCHAKD Chichester, Esq. who 8 and 14 of that reign served 
the same office; and marrying Alice, daughter and heir to John 
Wotton (or Walton), of Widworthy, that estate accrued thereby 
to the family ; by her, besides other children, he bad 

John, his heir; and 

Richard, his third son, who marrying Thomasine, daughter 
and heir to Simon Hall, of Hall in Bishop's Tawton, became 
seated there, and his posterity matched into the eminent houses 
of Gough of Aldercomb, in Cornwall; Ackland of Ackland; 
Marwood of Westcott; Basset of Umberleigh ; Strode ofNewn- 
ham ; Pollard ; Carew ; and others. 

John Chichester,*^ the eldest son, married first Margaret, 
daughter and heir to Hugh Beaumont, of Youlston in Devonshire, 
Esq. with whom he had that seat, and by her had 

Edward, his heir. 

And by his second wife, Joane, daughter of Robert Brett, of 
Whitstaunton in Somersetshire, and of Pillond in Devonshire, he 
had John Chichester, of Widworthy in the east; and Amias, ^ of 

b Ulster's Office. c Ibid. d Ibid, 

e Amias married Joan, daughter of Sir Roger GifFard, of Brightley, by 
whom (says Rev. Mr. Prince) " he had nineteen sons, and four daughters- 



LORD FISHERWICK. . 179 

Arlinston, in the north parts of Devotibhire, whose posferlty 
flourished at both places. 

Edward Chichester, Esq (by the^^r^f wife) lived in the reign 
of Henry VIII. and married Elizabeth, '^ eldest daughter of John 
Bourchier, Lord Fitz-Warine, and the first Earl of Ba'h, (by 
Cecilia his wife, daughter of Gyles, Lord D'Aubeny, and sister 
and heir to Henry, Lord D'Aubeny, who wis created Earl of 
Bridgwater by King Henry VIII. and died April 8th, 1547, with- 
out issue) by whom he was father of 

Sir John Chichester, Knight, b who received that honour 
from Queen Elizabeth in 1580, and who, in 1552 and 1578, was 
high sheriff of the county of Devon, which in 1553 and 1502 he 
represented in parliament. '' He married Gertrude, ' daughter of 
Sir William Courtenny, of Powderham castle in Devonshire, Knt. 
ancestor to the Lord Viscount Courtenay, by whom he had five 
sons and eight daughters, viz. 

First, Sir John, ancestor to the family of Raleigh. 

Second, Arthur, whose abilities and services raised him to the 
Peerage of England. 

Third, Edward, ancestor to the Enrl of Donegal. 

Fourth, Sir John Chichester the younger, who, whilst his 
brother Arthur was in France, sought glory in Ireland ; where 
his services were rewarded with the post of serjeant -major of the 
army, and the honour of knighthood, so that he came to be dis- 
tinguished from his elder brother of the same name and deoree, 
by the title of Sir John Chichester the younger ; it being no un- 
usual thing for parents, in former times, to give a favourite name 
to more of their children than one, living at the same time. He 
was governor of Carrickfergus, and November 4th, 1597^"^ lost 
his life on an enterprize against the Mac Donnells, in the follow- 
ing manner: James Mac Sorley Mac Donnell (after Earl of An- 
trim) hid a strong detachment of Highland foot in a cave, about 
four miles distant from Carrickfergus, whilst he advanced with a 
small body towards that place ; and braving the garrison. Sir 
Johu Chichester made a sally, when Mac Donnell seeming to 

fourteen of the nineteen sons lived to be proper gentlemen, though not 
above thiee of them had issue: when they went all to chinch, the first 
would be in the church-porch before the last would be out of the house." 
Edward, the ninth fon, was slain in a duel; and Paul, the eleventh, a worthy 
captain, was slain in the Portugal action, 1589. 

f Ul.-ter's Office. g Ibid, 

h Fuller's Worthies. i Ulster's Office t Ibid 



186 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

fly, till he had brought Sir John to the place where he had formed 
his ambuscade, turned upon him and his party, who being in- 
stantly surrounded with the fresh troops was defeated. Sir John 
was taken prisoner, and beheaded upon a stone at the head of the 
Glynn. ' 

Fifth, Sir Thomas Chichester, to whom King James, March 
20th, 1607, granted a lease for twenty-one years, of divers lands 
in the county of Wicklow ; and December 8th, 161O, gave to 
him and his heirs the lands of Radonnell, containing 1000 acres, 
iu the county of Donegall. 

First, daughter Elizabeth, married to Hugh Fortescue, of 
Philleigh, Esq. 

Second, Eleanor, to Sir Arthur Basset, of Umberleigh, Knt. 

Third, Mary, to Sir Richard Bluet, of Holcomb-Regis, Knt. 

Fourth, Grace, to Robert Dillon. 

Fifih, Cecilia, to Thomas Hatch, of Aller, Esq. 

Sixth, Susanna, to John Fortescue, of Buckland-Philleigh, 
Esq. 

Seventh, Dorothy, to Sir Hugh Pollard, of King's-Nimpton, 
Knight. 

Eighth, Urith, in 1591, to John Trevilian, of Nettlecombe in 
Somersetshire, Esq. ancestor to Sir John Trevilian, Bart, and 

Ninth, Bridget, the first wife of Sir Edward Prideaux, of Far- 
way, and of Netherton in Devonshire. '" 

Sir John Chichester, the eldest son, married Anne, daughter 
of Sir Robert Dennis, of Holcombe, Knight, and being killed, 
with the judge of assize and others, by an infectious smell from 
the prisoners, at the Lent assizes in Exeter Castle, 1585, left 
issue 

Sir Robert Chichester, of Raleigh, Knight of the Bath, who 
married to his_first wife Frances, younger daughter of John, Lord 
Harington of Exton, and coheir to her brother John, Lord Har- 
ington (who died without issue, at Kevv in Surrey, August 27th, 
1613, three days after his father had deceased at Worms in Ger- 
many, on his return from attending the Princess Elizabeth, King 
James's daughter, to the Palatinate, after her marriage with Fre- 
derick, Count Palatine of the Rhine, of which Princess he had 

I In King James's reiern, Mac Donnell going one day to view the family 
monument in St. Nicholas's church at Carrickfergus, and seeing Sir John's 
statue thereon, asked, Ho-w the de'ell he came to get his head again, for be iL-as 
sure he had anct taen it frae him. 

m Ulster's Office. 



LORD FISHERWICK. 151 

the tuition) and by her he had an only daughter Anne, married 
to Thomas Lord Bruce, of Kinlosse, by whom she was mother of 
Robert Earl of Aylesbury, and lies buried in the church of Exton 
in Rutlandshire, under a curious monument of black and white 
marble, with a memorial, on the one side in Latin, which i$ 
Englished on the other, as follows : 

Anne, wife to Thomas Lord Bruce, Baron of 

Kinlosse, daughter of Sir Robert Chichester, 

Knight of the Bath, of an ancient family 

In the county of Devon, and of Frances, one of 

The two daughters and coheirs of John, Lord 

Harrington, Baron of Exton, sole heir to her 

Mother; a lady endowed with a natural 

Disposition to virtue ; a true understanding 

Of honour 5 most noble behaviour 3 perpetual 

Chearfulness ; most elegant conversation ; and a 

More than ordinary conjugal affection. She was 

Married iv years and ix months, and left one only 

Child, named Robert Bruce. Weakened by that 

Birth, she died in childbed the xx day of March 

In the XXII year of her age : Anno Domini mdcxxvii. 

Erected and inscribed to the memory of his 

Most beloved and most deserving wife, by Thomas 

Lord Bruce. " 

Sir Robert's second wife was Mary, daughter of ..... . Kill, 

of Shilston, and dying in 1626, had issue by her, who re-married 
with Sir Ralph Sydenham, Knight, " Sir John Chichester born 
in ]623,P created a fiaro«^/ August 4th, l64l ; who married 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir John Rayney, ofWrotham in 
Kent, Bart, and dying in 1667, had issue three sons, Sir John 3 Sir 
Arthur ; and Henry, who married the widow of John Chichester, 
of Hall, Esq. Sir John, the second Baronet, married the daughter 
of Sir Charles BickerstafF, of Sele in Kent, Knight, but dying 
without issue male in 168O, was succeeded by his brother Sir 
Arthur, the third Baronet, who served in parliament for Barn- 
staple in Devonshire, from the reign of James H. to his death, in 
1 717 j and having married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Drewe, 

n See this monument engraved in Wright's Rutlandshire, p. 59. 
• Rot. pat. Ao. 10°. 3. p. d. R. zz. p Fuller's Worthies. 



182 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

of Grange In Devonshire, Esq. left Sir John Chichester, the 
fourth Baronet, also member of parlia nent for BarnMaple, who 
took to wite Anne-, daughter of John Leigh, ot Newport in the 
Isle of Wigbi, Ebq. and dying at his seat of Youl^ton, September 
4ih, 1/40, left two sans. Sir John {iht fifth Baronet, sheriff of 
the county of Devon for the year 1753 ; he married Frances, the 
secfiud daughter and one of the four coheirs to Sir Gporj^e Chud- 
Hgh, (if Hjldon in the county of Devon, Knt. ^ and had by her 
the late Sir John Chichester, sixth Baronet, who died unmarried, 
Octo' er 1808) ; and William. 

Sir Arthur Chichester, ^r^^ /rwA peer, (second son of Sir 
John, by Gertrude, daughter of Sir William Courtenay) was born 
at haleigh, and after spending some part of his youth in the Uni- 
versity, ' li:,diiig tnat too sedentary a life for his active genius, 
embraced a military one in the reign of Queen Elizibeth, a'.A 
was constantly engaged wherever his sovereign's service required 
his presence, by sea a.. d land, in Eigl-ind and in France. He 
was knighted in ]5y.5, for his valour and military skill in the wars 
of this kingdom ; where his service in the reduction of the Irish 
to die obedience was so manifest, that he vas effectually assistant 
to plough and break up (say Dr. Fuller and Mr. Prince) that bar- 
barous nation by conquist, and then to sox^' it with seeds of civi- 
lity, when L. D. 

in 1599, he commanded 200 foot at Carrickfergus, and in 
the end of November, l600, being garrisoned at that place, laid 
all the country waste within twenty miles of it. May 2d, IDOl, 
the L. D. wrote to the Lords in England (ainong other things) 
that Sir Henry Docura at Loughfoile, and Sir Arthur Chichester 
at Carriekffrgus, had made their numbers sure to the state, and 
both had done her Majesty excellent service; and in his letter 
June 14th, acquainted their Lordships, that those gentlemen had 
determined to assure the passage of Moyry; then to plant a gar- 
rison at Lecaie, and to reinforce Sir Arthur, whereby he might go 
near to effect what the whole army should have done. June 18, 
Sir Arthur waited on the L. D. at the camp at Blackstaff, and 
there received his designs for the present service, with a procla- 

q Baronetage of Eng. 1771, vol. i p. 398. 
r At that time he rohbed one of the Queen's purveyors, who were but 
little better than robbers themselves. To avoid a prosecution he fleJ into 
France, where he signalized himself under King Henry IV. who knighted him 
for hi-; gallant be'naviour ; and lie was shortly after j:ardoned by the Queen. 
Granger's Eiografb. vol i p.595, 8vo. 



LORD FISHERWICK. J 83 

mation to be published for establishing the new coin^ and re- 
ceived 200 foot to strengthen his garrison ; with which, in July 
he took Castle Reagh, the only one held by Bryan Mac Art in 
those parts; and in June, l0O2, the L. D. Mountjoy having driven 
Tiroen out of his country, as high as Castleroe upon the Banne, 
and taken in some of his strongest islands, sent Sir Richard Mor- 
ryson from Dungannon, with 500 foot, to meet Sir Arthur Chi- 
chester, who was to pass Loughsidney, with his forces from Car- 
rickfergus, and land within a few miles of Dungannon : where 
being met, they began, by the Deputy's directions, to raise the 
fort of Mountjoy, capable of containing abave 1000 foot and 100 
horse, which were to be victualled from Carrickfcrgus, by the 
way of the Lough ; and for the present service. Sir Arthur com- 
manded in chief the forces left there, with power to draw out 
them and all other garrisons towards Carrickfergus, upon all oc- 
casions of service. Soon after this, the Deputy having intelli- 
gence, that Tiroen proposed to send Bryan Mac Art to distrrb 
Killultagh, and so divert as much as possible his own prosecu- 
tion ; directed Sir Arthur, with Sir Henry Davers (August lOth, 
1602), to invest the fort of Enislaughlin, the only place of strength 
held by the rebels in those parts, wherein the plate and valuable 
effects of such as had fled into Tyrone were deposited. This fort, 
seated in a large bog, and only accessible through thick woods, 
surrendered to the Queen's mercy, as soon as they had made their 
approaches to the first ditch; and the garrison, August 19, were 
brought prisoners to the Deputy at Newry, whence Sir Arthur 
accompanied his Lordship in pursuit of Tiroen into Fermanagh ; 
but on the news of the Spaniards arriving at Beerhaven, he was 
sent back, September 8th, with directions to lye at Fort Mountjoy; 
to destroy all the corn which he could not preserve for the gar- 
risons, and to be ready to oppose the rebels, should they make 
any head ; or attend the Deputy, if the Spaniards should land. 
And that month Sir Henry Davers, serjeant-major of ths army, 
being induced by the necessity of his private affairs^ to discon- 
tinue his service in Ireland, his post was conferred upon Sir Ar- 
thur; who, in January following, expelled Bryan Mac Art out of 
Killultagh ; and by the Deputy, in his letter to Secretary Cecil, 
October 2d, 1601, was recommended as the fittest man that 
could be chosen in England or Ireland, to be made sole governor 
of Ulster, in order to carry oa a sharp winter's war against the 
rebels, and prevent any important succour to the Spaniards, then 



184 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

landed at Kingsalej but Tiroen boing shortly after defeated in 
Munster, this project took no effect. 

He equally distinguished himself in the arts of peace; for, 
being a man of great capacity, judgment, steadiness, and expe- 
rience, he was wise in taking his party 3 resolute in executing his 
designs ; master of his own temper ; dextrous and able to manage 
all the variety of humours he had to deal with, and to gain even 
the most perverse. 

April 2lst, lf)03, the King directed him to be admitted a 
privy-counsellor, and by putent, dated September 10th following, 
appointed him governor of Carritkfergus, with the fee of 135. 4d. 
a day for life (which he had long held under Queen Elizabeth) 
but that patent falling short of the King's intentions, a new one 
was passed May gih, l604, investing him with the said govern- 
ment, and that of all other forts, with the Lough-Neagh, and the 
commodities thereof; and constituting him colonel and governor 
of the torces stationed at Carrickfergus, both the Cladeboyes, the 
DuffraJne, Kiilultagh, Kilwarling, the little Ardes, the Route, and 
the Glynnes in Ulster, and of all the inhabitants thereof, to at- 
tend upon him, and be at his direction; also admiral nnd com- 
mand' r in chief of Lou^hsid'iev, otherwise Lough-Neagh, with 
the fishing thereof, as far as the salmon-1 ap on the river Banue; 
governor of the fort of Mountjoy ; and to driw forth the forces 
of Armagh, Black water, Mountnorris, and Charlemount, and em- 
ploy them as hr should see most expedient for the advancement 
oi his Majesty's service. 

By patent, dated February 1st, 1603-4, he was made L. D. 
OF Ireland; and that year established two new circuits (in 
order to cuilize the Irish) sending the first justices of assize into 
Conaught, and retrieving the circuit of Munster, which had then 
been disroniinued for about 200 years; so that whereas the cir- 
cuits before encompassed only the English pale, from this time 
they carrif^d the influence of justice throughout the kingdom, and 
had so wonderful an effect, that in a short time so many capital 
offenders were not found in the thirty-two ccunties, as in six 
shires of the western circuit in England.^ But his care to bring 
this great work to some degree of perfeciion rested not here; the 
many proclamations for the reformation of the country, which he 
snot only published but executed, mightily contributed to that end ^ 

s Fuller utantea. 



LORD FISHERWICK. 185 

such were those for abolishing the customs of Tonistry, &c. and 
all former grudges and displeasures conceived in the Queen's 
time; for enforcing the st:itute of 2 Elizabeth, concerning rfli- 
gion ; prohibiting the importation of arras or ammunition to sell 
to the Irish ; and others. 

He very much influenced and promoted the plantation of the 
forfeited estates in Ulster; and when ail plans and measures for 
carrying on that necessary work failed, he supplied their defects ; 
with which the King was so wHl satisfied, that he conferred on 
him very considerable grants of lands ' in that province ; and as a 

t The King, in his letter to him from Westminster, June 30th, iTiog, * 
writes, •■ That having approved of a project for the distribution of his lands 
in Ulster, which he was resolved not to alter in any point of substance, for 
favour or merit of any particular peison ; yet, having consideration of his 
extraordinary desert, was pleased to grant to him, his heirs and assignes, for 
ever, the entire territory or country of Imshowen, otherwise called O'Dog- 
hertie's country, with all the hereditaments thereof, possessed either by Sir 
7ohn O'Doghertie or his son, the laie traitor Cahev O'Doghertie deceased 
(except such lands as were to be allotted to the Bishop of Derry, and the se- 
veral incumbents within the said country, and looo acres for the c^ty of 
Derry) together with the custody of Culmorc-castle, within the said country, 
for life." Accordingly, by patent, dated February 22d, 1609, he had a grant 
thereof, to hold by fealty, and the yearly rent of 86/. \is. id. Engli^h, mak- 
ing of Irish money 115/. ic^. id. halfpenny, with a power of holding four 
several courts leet within the island of Inche, the territories of Tuogh-Cron- 
cine and Tuogh-Clagh, the manor of Greenecastle, otherwise Newcastle, and 
the island of Malyne; a Friday market and two fairs, on the last days of Au- 
gust and April at Boncranocha ; a Monday market and two fairs, on Se|)- 
tember 30th and April lit, at Greenecastle; a fair October 2oih at Dronge, 
in the island of Malyne ; to divide the territory into precincts, each to con- 
tain about 20C0 acres, with free warren, and man> other privileges and great 
advantages. And this was confiimed anew bv o'her letters jatcnt, dated 
July 6th, 1610; also October 24th, i6rq, he was confirmed constable of Cul- 
more fort, which April 9th, i6ii,he surrendered to the King Further Ja- 
nuary 14th, 1610, he had a grant of the castle of Dungannon, and 1320 acres 
of escheated lands witliin that precinct, and other hereditaments of great 
value in the province of Ulster; his L irdsiiip holding certain fishings, &c. 
within the limits contracted ibr by the King with the city of London, volun- 
tarily surrendered the same to his Majesty, without which the said city could 
not have had the full benefit of the King's contract with thtrii, and conse. 
quently the intended plantation in these parts had not so well goiie forwards 
if the said surrender had not been made ; who, in consideration thereof, by 
privy seal, dated it Westminster, February 3d, 1611, and by patent, Ji.ly 3;, 
1615, granted, during his life, and those of Arthur his nephew, and Arthur 



Rot. pat. Cane. Ao. 70. 2 y. d R. 3. 



183 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

lasting mark of his favour (upon the calling of his first parlia- 
ment in Ireland) did by letters patent, bearing date at West- 

Langherne, Esq. the enteitainment of 4j. zd. English by the day as captain, 
and Qi. for nine ho; cni.'n, lo employ them where he should think fit during 
his life, and afterwards to be resident in the territory of Inishowen, and to be 
employed upon all necessary occasions for his Majesty's service there, and 
not elsewhere, unle s it were at every general hosting; * 13 James I. he sur- 
rendered this patent, and had it renewed August zgth, 1616; + the said patent 
was surrendered, but it was not so beneficial to him as the King intended, in 
respect and recompence of the said lands and fishings in the said deed under- 
neath mentioned; and therefore his Majesty, as well in consideration thereof, 
as of the long and many great and faithful servicer done and performed to the 
crown by him the late Deputy, to his Majesty's great contentment and satis- 
faction, directed by letters, dated at Theobald's, July 15th, 1616, and en- 
rolled, X th^t he and his assignes, during the lives of himself, his said nephew, 
and Arthur Langherne, son of John Langherne, Esq. should have the said 
entertainment for himself and horsemen, without cheaque, with the manage- 
ment and command of the said horsemen, to be paid by the vice treasurer, 
during the said time, notwithstanding that his Lordship, or his assignes, 
during all or any part of the time and term aforesaid, should not accomplish 
the said fuU number of horses and horsemen, and the patent passed accord- 
ingly, August 29th, 1616, the pay tocommence October ist, 1611. TheKing 
also by warrant, dated at Salisbury August 8ih, 1620, ordered an effectual 
grant or grants to be made by patent, of all the estates he possessed by virtue 
of any foimer grants, in consideration of his manifold, great, and good ser- 
vices, as well during the time of his government as deputy for many years, as 
in other his employments ; and accordingly two distinct patents were passed, 
bearing date November 20th, 1621, confirming all his said estates, which were 
very large ; the former whereof contained (among others) the manor, fort, 
town, and lands of Dungannon (where he had built a fort 120 feet square, 
■with four half-bulwarks, encompassed by a ditch twenty feet broad, and 
counterscarped ; a large church and steeple, twenty houses, after the English 
manner. Sec. which was made a borough-town, and sends members to parlia- 
mentj the barony or territory of Enishowen ; all islands within the loughs or 
arms of the sea, called Loushswilly and Loughloile; the manors, castles, 
and tuoghs of EUagh, Greenecastle, Doncranagh, Sec. the ferry upon Lough- 
foile, plying between Greenecastle and Termonmagillegan ; four salmons 
every day during the season out of the salmon fishing of Culmore; the right 
of patronage, presentation, and advowson, of the rectories and vicarages of 
Movill, Culdagh, Clonca, Donaghclantagh, Clanmony, Diserteigny alias 
Dristerteighny, Fathan alias Fawen, and all of other churches whatsoever in 
O'Doghertie's country ; with the premises erected into the manors of Dun- 
gannon, Ellagh, Greenecastle, alias Newcastle, Duncranagh, and Malyn. 
The latter grant contained the castle or mansion-house, town and manor of 
Belfast; the territories of Tuoghnefall, Tuoghmoylone, Tuoghcinament, 
Carnemony, Carnetall, and Monk's-Land ; the rectory of Sankill, and all 
other rectories, &c within the said territories ; the entire dshing of the river 



* 130 J;.c 1. 1 a p. D. R. 37- + 14'^. I a p f. R. 2: 

1 Idem. 



LORD FISHERWICK. 187 

minster February 23d, l6l2, " create him Baron Chichester of 
Belfast, entailing the honour on his issue rnalej and accompanied 

Lagan; the rectories of Antrim, Glyn, Moyvliske, Templepatrick Durien, 
Dundermott, Rois'oilike, Doughconnor, Kilrovvte, Ballynemenagh, Domovv- 
lagh, Dunien, Donoughconner, and Kilroigh; the friary of Masseryne ; the 
entire fishing of Loughsidney, Loughneagh, or Lough-chiches'er ; and in ihc 
river Banne to the Salmon-Leap, &c. &c. in the counties of Antrim, Downe, 
Tyrone, and Londonderry, erected into the manors of Belfast, Ballynlinny, 
Moylynny, and Castle-Chichester. King Charles L being informed, that the 
fishing and soil of Loughneagh, oiherwise Lough-Chichester, was so com- 
modious for upholding the fishing of the Banne (then come into his hands) 
that the governors of the London Plantation were necessitated to faim the 
same, at icc/. a year ; and whereas the Viscount Chichester had compounded 
with the commissioners for the remedy of defective titles (among other 
things) that he should surreader to the King the soil and fishing of the said 
Lough; his Majesty, by letters from Hampton-Court, September 24th, 16.^8, 
authourized the L. D. to accept of a surrender thereof, with all rectorial 
tithes, and advowsons of churches, within the island Magee, and the advow- 
son of Maherahohill in the county of Antrim : and in consideration thereof, 
to grant and confirm to him, his son Arthur, and their heirs, by a new patent 
upon the commission of grace, all their other estates whatever in Ireland ; 
and also the rectoral tithes of the parish and advowson of the vicarage of 
Shankhill, otherwise Belfast, in lieu of the island Magee ; and in lieu of the 
fishing ot Loughneagh, to grant to them and their heirs a rent cliarge of 40 /. 
a year English, with liberty to take salmon in the said Lough, for provision 
of their house or houses ; and all the eel wears and eel fishings in or near 
Toome Also, that the Deputy should unite the whole island of Magee into 
one parish, and dispose of the said tithes for the benefit of that church and 
the college there, for bettering the means of the vicar, and the founding of 
lectures, as should seem most fit. Accordingly, to this purpose the letters 
patent of King Charles I. dated September zid, 1640, were passed to Edward 
Viscount Chichester, and his son Arthur, and the heirs and assignes of the 
said Arthur, with the creation of several lands into the manor of Joymount; 
and Ring Charles II. February ist, 166S, not only confirmed the same, but 
separated the lands of Ballynefeigh fioni the manor of Joymount, and an- 
nexed them to ih.it of Belfast, &c. Lodge. 

The said Sir Arthur, by assignment from Sir Edmund Fitzgerald, was 
also possessed of the friary of Franciscans in the town of Carrickfergus, on 
the site of which he erected a castle in i6io. Mon. Hib. p. 4 

u The preamble. Cum status et salus regnorum nostrorum atque adeo 
omnium rerum publicaruin poena et pra^mio contineatur, quorum alterum 
legibus permittere, alterum nobis reservare, atque pro nieritis et quaiitate per- 
sonarum librata et solicita manu distribuere et conferre consuevinous, ut non 
solum benignitas nostra, sed etiam judiciuin et delectus probetur ; perpetuo 
nobis curse est subditorum nostrorum digniorum et eminentiorum virtutes et 
merita noscere et perpendere ; satis enim scimus in honoribus distribuendis 
adliibito judicio ne per niniiam facilitatem honores vilescant, aut e contra per 
nimiam parcitatem et anxietatem hominum industrias hebescant et langues- 
cant, tam splendorem regii culininis augeri et difFundi, quam praestantium 
virorum mentes accendi ad virtutem. Cum igitur inter plurima et summa 
beneficWi quibus favor divinus nos afiecerit et cumiilaverit, illud libcntur ag- 



188 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

the patent with a letter, written by himself from Newmarket, 
March 4th, to this etlect: " As at first you were called by our 
election without seeking for it, to this high place of trust and go- 
vernment of our kingdom of Ireland, and have so faithfully dis- 
charged the duties thereof, that without any desire of yours on 
that behalf, we have thought fit to continue you in that employ- 
jiient these many years beyond the example and custom of former 
times; so now we are pleased merely of our own grace, without 
any mediation of friends, without your suite or ambition, to ad- 
vance you to the state of a Baron of that kingdom, in acknow- 
ledgement of your many acceptable services performed unto us 
there; and that you, and all other ministers of state, which serve 
us wheresoever, may know by tlie instance ot this our favour to 
you, that we observe and discern their merits, and accordingly do 
value and reward them," &c, ^ 

He continued in the government ten years successively 3 in 
the last of which he had occasion for all his great abilities, to 
mana>ye the most stubborn parliament that ever was in Ireland ; 
which met on Thursday May 18th, l6l3, and with which he 
prevailed to attaint the Earls of Tiroen and Tyrconnel, Sir Caher 
O'Doghertie, and others; to make an act of recognition of the 
Kino^'s undoubted lawful right and title to the crown of Ireland ; 



roscimus, quod regnum nostrum Hiberniae, insulse post Britanniam, omnium 
insulavum occidentalium maximae et amplissimas, et pulclienin.as coeli et soli 
felicitate et foecunditate affluentis et insignis; sed nihilominus per multa jam 
ssecula perpetuis seditionum et rebellionum fluctibus jactatae ; iiecnon super, 
stitioni et barbaribus moribus, praesertim in provincia Ultoniae, addictae et 
immersae; temporibus nostris recreavimus, et tanquam refecimus, subactis 
rebellibus, atqueaucto et lepurgato culfu tarn divino quam humano- Cumquc 
in hac parte elucescant omnino meiita et servitia dilecti et fidelis nostri Ar- 
thuri Chichester militis, deputati rcgni nostri Hiberniae praedicti ; nos igitur 
prudentiam, integritatem, fortitudinem, atque etiam feiicitatem ejusdem Ar- 
thur! Chichester militis, nobiscum matura considerantesdeliberatione ; quod- 
que ipse ex antiqua et clarissima familia ortus sit, quodque magna et bona 
variac militiae fama jamdiu floruerit ; quodque per octo annos integios quibus 
gubernacula regni nostri Hibernia2, sub auspiciis et consiliis nostris tracta- 
verit, se virum strenuum, et integrum, et casium praebuerit, ac praecique, quod 
proximam et ultimam rebellionem prediti et famosi proditoris Cahir O'Dog- 
hertie in provincia Ultoniae, dubiis et periculosis temporibus, cum relliquiae 
et scintillas veterum malorum reviviscere putareiitur, atque statim per omnia 
conflagratuiac, nisi principiis obviam initium fuisset, magna virtute et pros- 
perimo successu profligaverit et extinxerir, ii;so Cahir O'Doghertie in acie 
occiso, de gratia nostra speciali, &c. Rot pat ao. 100. Jac. I. 4.. p. D. R. 

^ Rot. 10 ct I i. Jac. 1.4a. p. D.R. 27. 



LORD FISHERWICK. I89 

another, for the King's general and free pardon ; and to give his 
M.ijeity a subsidy; to which he was rated the sum of 200/. In 
this parliament (designed to make and establish a full and firm 
reformation in Ireland) many jealousies were conceived by certain 
members, and complaints thereupon laid before the King in their 
names, of sundry practices and abuses, supposed to be committed 
in and concerning the said parliament; whereot the King being 
desirous to be thoroughly informed, commissioned the Deputy 
and others, August 27th, l6l3, strictly to enquire into any ge- 
neral grievances either in the civil or martial government; that 
being informed of both, and understanding the grounds of the 
said complaints, he might apply proper remedies. In execution 
of their commission and instructions, J' they made a strict inquiry, 
and laid the state of the kingdom before his Majesty; who there- 
upon, to satisfy the public, and clear his deputy from any asper- 
sions, which were or might be cast upon him, by such as cen- 
sured his proceedings for the public good, published a proclama- 
tion February 7th, and having commanded the present appearance 
in England, of divers members of both houses, directed Sir Arthur 
to repair thither also, that he and his council might advise at 
large with him, and receive information from him, touching the 
state and affairs of Ireland. 

On his return in l6li, he was empowered (with others) by 
special commission, to view the counties of Wexford, Longford, 
Leitrim, &c. and inquire into the crown's title to the same; the 
estate, number, and condition of the inhabitants; the chief ies, 
claims, customs, and rents, of the then owners ; and the best way 
to reduce and settle them. This commission was executed that 
summer, and a general title found for the King, to about 385,000 
acres ; which, after taking care of the rights of the church, as- 
signing a maintenance for the clergy, and making a provision for 
free schools, were disposed of between the natives and the British 
undertakers, 

July 27th, 1614, he was again made L. D. in which year the 
harp was first marshalled with the arms of England, and since 
then hath been impressed on the British coin. He also reduced 
the mountains and glynnes on the south of Dublin into the county 
of Wicklow;^ brought many of the Irish to conform to the 

y The return of this commission is preserved in the rolls of his Majesty's 
high court of Chancery, and is a very valuable and curious piece of history. 

z Fuller ut antea. 



190 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

English habit and laws ; and so observant was he over the actions 
of suspected persons, that Tiroen was heard to complain, "he 
could not drink a full cjrouse of sack, b it the state was within 
few hours advertised thereof."" After he had thus continued 
many years chief governor of the kingdom, King James, by his 
letter from Newmarket of November 2()th, 1(315, was pleased to 
disburthen him of that charge, and gave him leave to retire from 
that public duty, to follow his own private affairs, and repose 
himself either in his government in the north, or, if more agree- 
able, to repair to England to kiss his hand j " and of this," says 
the King, " you may rest assured, that you do leave that place 
with our very good grace and acceptation of your services; and 
as occasion shall be offered, you shall find by some more especial 
mark of our favour, that we will not be unmindful of your former 
pains." 

Accordingly, his Majesty (loth to leave his abilities unem- 
ployed) '■ constituted him, July 13th, I0l5, Lord High Treasurer 
of Ireland, of which office he had the staff delivered to him in St. 
Patrick's church, by the L. D. St. John, on Friday, August 30th ; 
and whilst he continued in Ireland resided at Carrickfergus, where 
in l6l8 he bmtt a magnificent house, called Joymount. May 2d, 
1622, he was sent ambassador to the Palatinate,"^ and thence to 
treat of a peace with the Emperor ; during his residence at whose 
court, being besieged in the city of Mainchina, or Mainheim 
(much indebted to his prudence for seasonably victualling it) by 
Count Tilly, ^ he sent him word, that it was against the law of 
nations to besiege an ambassador; to which Tilly returning an- 
swer, he took no notice that he was an ambassador; his Lordship 
replied to the messenger, " Had my master sent me with as many 
hundred men as he hath sent me on fruitless messages, your 
general should have known, that I had been a soldier as well as 
an ambassador." He returned to England in October, and De- 
cember 31st, was sworn of his Majesty's privy-council there ; but 
departed this life (in as great honour^ as any Englishman of that 
age) in London, February 19th, l624, *" and was interred Octo- 
ber 24th, 1625^ in a chapel on the north side of the church of St. 
Nicholas, at Carrickfergus, under a very stately monument of 
marble and alabaster, with the following inscriptions : s 

» Fuller lit antea. •' Ibid. c Ibid- <i Ibid, 

e Ibid. f Ulster's Office. 

g A handsome monument is also erected to his memory in the cathedral 



LORD FISHERWICK. IQl 

Sacred to God and eternal memore, 

Sir Arthur Chichesteu, Knt, Baron of Belfast, Lord 

High Treasurer of Ireland, Governor of this tovvne, and 

Of the countries adjoining : Descended of the auncient 

And noble howse of the Chichesters in the countie 

Of Devon, Sonne of Sir John Chichester of Rakiche, Knight^ 

And of his wife Gartrud Courtney, grandchild of Edward 

Chichester, and of his wife Elisabeth, daughter of John 

Bourgchier Earle of Bathe : After the flight 

Of the Earls of Tiron and Terconnel, 

And other arch traytors their accomplices. 

Having suppressed O'Doughertie and other northern rebels. 

And settled the plantation of this province, and well and 

Happily governed this kingdome in florishing estate. 

Under James our King, this space of xi yeres and 

More, whilest hee was L Deputie and Governor Generall 

Thereof, retyred himself into his private government. 

And being mindefull of his mortalitie, represented unto 

Him by the untymely death of Arthure his sonne, the 

. Only hop? of his house, who lived not full two months 

After his birth ; as also of his noble and valiant brother 

Sir John Chichester, Knight, late Serjeant-M;ijor of the 

Army in this kingdome, and the precedent Governour of 

This towne, hath caused this chappell to be repaired. 

And this valt and monument to be made and erected, as 

"Well in remembrance of them, whose statues are expressed, 

And theire bodyes interred, as allsoe a resting place for 

The bodie of self, and his most deare and best beloved 

Wife, the noble and vertuous Ladye Lettice, eldest daughter 

Of Sir John Parrott, Knight, some tyme the worthye 

Deputie of this kingdome : which they hope shall here 

Rest in peace until the second coming of theire 

Crucifyed Redeemer, whome they most constantly beleive 

Then to behold with theire bodily eyes, to their endles 

Bfessedness, and everlasting comfort. 

Gladius meus non salvabit me. 
Fatum mortis a Domino injunctum est. 

church of Exeter; and in a little oratory, adjoining to the church qf Eggcs- 
ford, is his bust, curiously cut in marble, represented to the life, yielding a 
look stern and terrible like a soldier. 



192 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

If that desire or chance thee hither lead 
Upon this marble monument to tread. 
Let admiration thy best thoughts still feed. 
While weeping, thou this epitaph doest reade 5 
And let distilHng tears thy commaes be. 
As tribute due unto this elegie. 

Epitaph. 
Wiihin this bedd of death a Viceroy lies. 
Whose fame shall ever live; virtue ne'er dies j 
For he did virtue and religion nourish. 
And made this province, rude, with peace to florisli.. 
The leudest rebel he by power did tame. 
And by true justice gayn'd an bonor'd name. 
Then now, though he in Heaven with angels be. 
Let us on earth still love his memory. 
By him interr'd his noble ladye is. 
Who doth partake with him in heavenly bliss; 
For while the earthe unto them was a seate 
Blessed they were, being both good and great. 
With them doth rest their one and only sonne, 
Whose life was short, and soe his glass soone run 
The heavens, not earthe, was his alotted right. 
For which he bade the world soe soon good night : 
Intomb'd by them here also doth remayn 
* His worthy brother, who was lately slayn. 
As he in martiall and brave warrelike fight 
Oppos'd incursions in his country's right. 
And in memorial of theiie endless praise. 
This monument is left to after dayes. 

He married Letitia, daughter of Sir John Perrott, '^ sometime 
L. D. of Ireland, (widow of V;:ughan Blatkham, Esq.) and by 
her, who died 20th (or 27th) November, 1620, and was buried 
at Carrickfergus January 10th following, had an only son Arthur, 
born September 26th, 1606, who died 30th of the next month ; 
so that 

Sir Edward Chichester,^r5f Viscount Chichester, his Lord- 
ship's next brother, succeeded to his large estate ; and the honour 

1> Ulster's Office. 



LORD FISHER WICK. 1C)3 

being limited only to his issue male. King Charles I. conferred it 
anew on Sir Edward, and added to it the superior title of Viscount 
Chichester of Carrickfergus, with the annual creation fee of 
13/. 6s. Sd. Irish, payable out of the customs of the port of Dublin, 
by patent, ' dated at Westminster, April 1st, '^ 1625. Also Oc- 
tober 12th that year, constituted him his brother's successor in 
the government of Carrickfergus, admiral of Loughneagh, go- 
vernor of Culmore ; and that day he was sworn of his Majesty's 

i The Preamble. Coronas re^ae proprium officium et pi-asrogativam esse 
certissimum est inter benemeritos de republica fidei et virtutum praemia rite 
disponere, nullasque ad id magis idoneas esse remunerationes quam honorum 
et dignitatum insignia et ornamenta, ut qui alios virtutibus et benemeritis 
prjecedunt, amplioribus honoribus decorentur et nobilitentur, ex quo et ipsi 
ad majora et graviora nobis et reipublicae servitia praestanda sese obligates 
agnoscant, et alii etiam per eorum exempla memorabilia ad eadem virtutum 
et actionum laudabilium stadia incitentur. Hinc fuit quod pi-aepotentissi- 
mus et augustissimus princeps beatae memoriae dominus Jacobus nuper rex 
Anglias, Scotiae, Franciae, et Hiberniae, pater noster charissimus non ita pridem 
permagna fidelissima et felicissima servitia dicto nuper regi et coronae suae 
summa cum prudentia, industria, et fortitudine, per dilectum et fidelem con- 
siliarium suum Arthurum Baronem Chichester de Belfast defunctum, nuper 
regni Hibernias per undecim simul annos deputatum, et postmodum summun 
ejusdem regni thesaurarium priestita, ipsiusque tarn in pacis quam belli tem- 
poribus animi magnitudinem, consilium et judicium gratiosis intuentes oculis, 
ipsum Arthurum ad honorem et dignitatem Baronis illius regni erexit et prx- 
fecit, sibique et haeredibus masculis de corpore suo exeuntibus in perpetuum 
concessit. Posteaque ex propria sua regia observatione certior factus accessio- 
nem illam honoris in praefatum consiliarium suum collatam, multum in illo 
in negociis dicti nuper regis et zeli indefessi et alacritatis admirandas addidisse, 
idem nuper rex pater noster charissimus statuit apud se eidem Baroni in am- 
plis gratiosK ejusdem nuper regis servitiorum suorum acceptationis testimoniis 
ulteriorem nobilitatis gradum conferre; quam quidem animi sui regii inten- 
tionemfato dicti Baronis praeveniente, et Baroniam etiam illam ob defectum 
haeredum masculorum de corpore suo extinctam relinquente, decrevit idem 
nuper dominus rex in persona dilecti nobis Edwardi Chichester milltis, fra- 
tris dicti nuper Baronis, ejusdem et memoriam et dignitatem restaurare, et 
promajore dicti Edwardi incitamento, ut se fraternas virtutis, sicuti reven- 
tionum et census, hseredem prasbeat, ilium cadem dignitatis additionc, quam 
fratri in mente habuit, honorare, ut omnes viderent et cognoscerent quam 
innatum sibi animoque fixum inhasrebat, vires cordatos, non vivos tantum sed 
et mortuos, remunerare. Sciatis quod nos dicti nuper regis patris nostri cha- 
risslmi gratiosum hoc propositum benigno animo recolentes, considerantcs 
etiam praedictum Edwardum Chichester militem, ex eodem honorato stirpe, 
unde et fraterejus, oriundum esse; prudent'ae etiam, dexteritatis et fidelitaiis 
ejus in rebus publicis administrandis saiis amplum exhibuisse testimonium ; 
et nobis ipsis promlttentes, quod hoc favoris specialis argumenium ipsum 
Edwardum ad omnia nobis et coror.K nostrce honorabilia servitia et obsequia 
fide ct alacritate praestanda incitabit, de gratia nostra speciali, Sec. 
k Rot. pat. Ao. ioj. Car. I. i p. D. R. 22. 
VOL. VIIT. O 



ipi PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

privy-council. He had also a confirmation of the estate, Sep- 
tember 22d, l6-iO, for the fine of 467 /. 17^'. 6rf. ' was made joint 
commissioner of the treasury October 12th, l632, with the Lords 
Grandison and Ormond ; took his seat in parliament July 14th, 
1634 i ™ commanded a regiment in that reign ; and on the break- 
ing out of the rebellion in l64l, sent an express to Scotland to 
advertise the King thereof, and of the state of the country, with 
the danger that was like to ensue ; for the suppression of which, 
he was empowered by commission to raise forces 

On July 4th, l605, he married to his wife Anne, " daughter 
and heir to John Coplestone, of Eggesford in the county of Devon, 
Esq. (who died November lltb, 1606, by his uife Dorothy, 
daughter of Sir George Biston, of Biston-Castle in Cheshire) with 
whom he had a large estate; and to his second wife Mary, 

daughter of Denham, of Wortham in the said county, 

Esq. and widow of Othwill Hill, of Penwarnt in Cornwall, Esq. 
but by her, who died at Belfast February 2d, 103/, and was buried 
at Carrickfergus, he had no issue. 

He was a very worthy and eminent person, well accomplished 
both for war and peace, and very serviceable in the wars of Ire- 
land, for which he was knighted. In the parlour at Eggesford 
■was his effigies drawn in full proportion, with these lines under it, 
expressing a virtuous and generous mind. 

Tempori servire malum : 

Mutare tempore pejus: 

Pessimum autem malorum^ 

Temporis quam veritatis 

Rationem habere. 

He died July 8tb, 164S, and lies buried by his first lady, who 
died March Sth, 1616, and by her father and mother under a 
noble monument prepared by himself, but finished by his son, 
with all their portraitures in marble; having his five children 
kneeling by, under a stately canopy, finely painted, in the little 
.oratory adjoining Eggesford church : 

In Memory 

Of Edward, Lord Viscount Chichester, 

And dame Anne his wife : And in huai- 

1 Rot. Pat. Ao. 191. Car. I. i p. D. 
m Lo:d3 Jouis. vol i. p. z, s Ulster's Office. 



LORD FISHERWICK. 195 

ble acknowledgement of the good provi- 
dence of God in advancing their house. 



A little under are these verses : 

Fam'd Arthur, Ireland's dread in arms; in peace 
Her tut'lar genius; Belfast's honour won : 

Edward and Anne, blest pair I begot increase 
Of lands and heirs. Viscount was grafted on. 

Next Arthur, in God's cause, and King's, stak'd allj 

And had, to's honour, added Donegal. 

Then follows an inscription, expressing his employments, 
marriages, and issue; which to insert would be only repetition. 
His children were, 

Elizabeth, born June 29th, i607, and married to Sir William 
Wrey, of Trebitch in Cornwall, Knight, and Bart, by whom she 
had Sir Chichester Wrey, born in l628, her only son, and three 
daughters; and Mary, born December 6th, 16O8, was first mar- 
ried to Thomas Wyse, of Sydenham, and secondly to John Harris, 
of Radford, Esqrs. 

Also three sons. 

First, Arthur, created Earl of Donegal. 

Second, John Chichester, Esq. the second son, was born Fe- 
bruary 22d, J 600, resided some time at Diingannon, in the 
county of Tyrone, an estate settled on him by his father j for 
which borough he served in the parliament of I639 ; was lieute- 
nant-colonel of a regiment in the service of King Charles I. and 
in 1647, serjeant-major of his Majesty's army. ° He married 



o He died in 1647, as appears by the probate of his will in London, Fe- 
bruary, 4th, 1647-8, and in Dublin in July, 1657 ; but in Clogher's collectioa 
of MSS. is said to be drowned in 1658, and to be buried November X7th that 
year, in St. John's church, Dublin, which must be an error ; and is so con- 
firmed by his Lady's will (proved November 8th, 1673', wherein she desires 
to be buried in St. Patrick's church, in her father's tomb, by her brother the 
Lord Ranelagh, if she died at or near Dublin, very privately, without any 
gaudy escutcheons, or shew, but in the night, with a few torches, without 
noise or ceremony ; and if she died in the north, to be buried privately by her 
deceased husband, Mr. John Chichester, at Belfast. The said John made his 
will Xovember 1st, 1643, and devised his lands and estate of Dungannon, and 
his other personal estate, which was made over to him by his father on his 
marriage, to his son Arthur, and made him sole heir; confirmed his wife's 
jointure of 400/. a year, with the use and profit of her portion, zocoi, in her 



loS PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Mary,!' youngest daughter of Roger Jones, the first Viscount 
Ranelagh, and by her (who re-married with Colonel Christopher 
Copley, by whom she had two daughters, viz. Frances, married 
to Mr. Justice Cootej and Margaret, in March, 1 669, to Sir 
Gregory Byrne, of Timoge, in Queen's county, Bart, and died in 
July, 1085 '1) had issue two sons, first. Sir Arthur,^' who succeeded 
to the Earldom; second. Captain John Chichester; and three 
daughters, Elizabeth, Frances, and Mary; whereof the eldest 
was married ^ to Sir John Cole, of Newland, in the county of 
Dublin, Bart. Captain John Chichester, the younger son, Fe- 
bruary 1st, 16/8, was made custos rotulorum of the county of 
Tyrone, and July 1st, 16/9, escheator general of the Province of 
Ulster, but being an officer in King William's army, died in \6SQ, 
in the camp at Dundalk. He married, in ] 680, Elizabeth, ^ 
youngest daughter of William, the first Viscount Charlemount, 
and by her (who after married Doctor Edward Walkington, 
Bishop of Downe and Connor, and died in 1694, or 1695) had 
issue, first, John, " who was educated by the Earl of Donegal in 
the University of Dublin, but died a minor ; second. Reverend 
William Chichester, who died in 1736, and by Lydia, his wife, 
had two sons; John, born in April, 1721, and died childless; 
and Arthur, who entered into holy orders, and married Mary, 
only daughter of Henry O'Neil, of Sbane's-castle in the county 
of Antrim, Esq. by whom he had three sons and seven daughters, 
of whom the only survivors were Catherine, married to Samuel 
Ball, of Grouse-hall in the county of Donegall, Esq. ; Anne, un- 
married ; and one son, the Reverend William Chichester, who 
married, first, Mary-Anne, daughter of George Harvey, of Malin- 
hall, in the said county, Esq. by whom he has one son, Arthur; 
he married, secondly, Maryanne, daughter of the Reverend Ed- 
ward Hart, of Kilderry in the said county, and by her had Ed- 
ward and Mary'') ; Anne, married to the Reverend Mr. Walk- 
ington, whom she survived, and was buried in the church of 
Naas, December 22d, 1736, aet. fifty-seven; Mary, y died un- 
married; Elizabeth, married, in 1702, to the Reverend Edward 

father's hands ; leaves his wife executrix and residuary legatee ; and entreats 

his brother Arthur Chichester, his brother Arthur Jones, and his brother 

Sir John Ciotworthy, to be assistant to her therein. Prerog. Office and 

Lodge. 

p MSS. ped, penes J. L. q Ibid. r Ibid. 

s Ibid. t Ibid. u Ibid. 

j^ Letter from the Rev. 'William Chichester. y Ibid. 



LORD FISHERWICK. i§7 

Chichester, brother to Arthur, the third Earl of Donegal ; and 
Henrietta, who died an infant. 

Third, Edward, the third son of Edward, Viscount Chichester, 
born September 1st, 1011, was a lieutenant-colonel in the armyj 
and marrying Elizabeth, fifth and youngest daughter and coheir 
to Sir Edward Fisher, of Fisher's-Prospect in the county of Wex- 
ford, who died in December, 1(531, by his wife Alice, daughter 
of Thomas Edwards, of Dublin, had issue by her, who was buried 
in St. Werburgh's, November l/th, l658, four sons and two 
daughters, viz. Edward, an officer in the army, who married 
Agnes, youngest daughter of Dr. William Bulkeley, Archdeacon 
of Dublin, and died without issue in May, 16/3 ; Quarter-Master 
John Chichester, commonly called Black John, who by Theo- 
dosia, his wife, had Edward, born in June, 1677,^ and baptized 
November gth, 1679 ; Charles, baptized December 8th, l648, 

who married March 8th, 1673, Susan, daughter of Wilson, 

Esq. and had issue Edward, who dying an infant, was buried at 
St. Bride*s, October 3d, 16765 Elizabeth, baptized October 31st, 
1677, and buried November 6th following j and Anne, buried 
there July 1.5th, 1682 3 Arthur, "^ of Prospect and Wexford, who 
married Margaret, ^ daughter of Nicholas Devereux, of Bally- 
magar, in that county, Esq. by Jane his wife, eldest daughter of 
Nicholas Loftus, of Fethard, Esq. and by her, who re-married 
with the Rev. Dennis Driscoll, '^ of Stonehouse, had four daughters, 
Elizabeth, Jane, Margaret, and Anne, who all died unmarried 5 ^ 

daughter Duncea, was married to Brereton j and Alice, 

May 20th, 1670, to James Chillam, Esq. 

Arthur, Jirst Earl oj Donegal, the eldest son of Edward 
Viscount Chichester, was born June l6th, 1606; and July l6th, 
1625, was appointed captain of the first troop or company that 
should become void, which happening in 1627, by the resignation 
of the Lord Valentia, he succeeded him, August 25th, in the 
command of his troop of fifty horsemen, and was made governor 
of Carrickfergus for life, after the decease of his father. In I639, 
he represented the county of Antrim in parliament ; in l640, was 
captain of sixty-three carbines, with the pay of l/. As. a day j and, 
by the name of Colonel Arthur Chichester, did good service 
against the rebels. 

z St. Peter's Registry. » MSS. ped. penes J. fc. 

b Ibid. • Ibid. A Ibid. 



19S PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

He was resident at Carrickfergus when the first tidings of the 
rebellion were brought thither, on Saturday October 23d, 1041, 
about ten o'clock at night. He immediately, by fires and alarm 
drums, raised the country, and the next day (leaving only fifty 
musketeers, under Captain Roger Lyndon, to guard the castle) 
delivered the rest of the arms, with ammunition, to the country 
people, whom he formed into companies; and on the 25th, with 
about 300 horse and foot, marched to Belfast, where he was 
joined by 150 men from Antrim ; on the 27ih, he met the Lord 
Montgomery at Lisburne, whose forces united were about 1000 
horse and foot; and November 1st, a commission arriving from 
the lords justices and council, to him and Sir Arthur Tyringham, 
to command in chief within the county of Antrim, and to order 
and dispose of places according to their discretion, they took the 
best methods in their power for the defence of the country, and 
suppression of the rebellion. 

His Majesty also, being fully satisfied of his loyalty and affec- 
tion, and of his good abilities to serve him, constituted him by 
commission, February l4th, 1643, governor of Belfast and the 
territory of Inishoweu, forbidding all persons to billet or garrison 
any soldiers in those places, or make any assessments upon the 
inhabitants, without his licence and approbation ; and for the 
better fortifying of the town of Belfast, his Majesty directed the 
L. L. to advance 1000/, to him forthwith. 
' But when, through the defection of the army in the North, 
he could do the King no further service in those parts, he re- 
moved to Dublin, where, in December, 1(544, he was sworn of 
the privy-council ; and January 2d, following, with the rest of 
the officers of the Marquis of Ormond's regiment, resolved not to 
take the covenant, then imposed upon them by the English par- 
liament, but to preserve their allegiance to his Majesty, and obey 
the orders of his L. L. 

His fidelity to his Prince, affection to his country, and activity 
against the rebels, were so eminent, that the; Marquis of Ormond, 
in his letter to the King, January ipth, l645, thus represents 
him to his Majesty: " You have been graciously pleased of late 
to reward some, that have either served your Majesty actually, or 
suffered for you eminently in their persons or fortunes, with new 
creations, or with additions of honour in this kingdom. Tha: 
Colonel Arthur Chichester hath missed such a m.ark of your Ma- 
jesty's favour, I c»nceive to have been through his own modesty, 



I 



LORD FISHERWiCK. 199 

and my not representing his personal merit. If he outlives his 
father, he will be in among the foremost of the Viscounts of this 
kingdom in place, and (I am sure) beyond them all, except one, 
in fortune, though he be for the present deprived of the latter for 
his faithfulness to your Majesty's crown, the same means whereby 
his uncle got both it and his honour. He hath served your Majesty 
against the Irish rebellion since the beginning of it ; and when, 
through an almost general defection of the northern army, he 
was no longer able to serve your Majesty there, he cnn:ie with 
much hazard to take his share in the sati'erings of your servants 
here, and with them to attend for that happy time, that (we trust) 
will put us in a condition to contribute more to your service than 
our prayers. If your Majesty shall think ht to advance this gen- 
tleman to an Earldom, I conceive that of Dunnegall, a county in 
the province of Ulster, wherein he should have a good inheri- 
tance, is fittest, which I humbly oti'er to your Majesty's considera- 
tion, as a part of the duty of 

" Your Majesty's, &c. 

" Ormond." 

The King, upon this representation, was pleased by privy-seal, 
dated at Newcastle January 15th, 1646, and by patent at Dublin, 
March 30ih, 1647, ^ to create him Earl oj' Donegal, with /imita- 
tion of the honour to the issue male of his father, and the annual 
creation fee of 15 /. sterling. 

In i647, he was one of the four hostages, sent by the Mar- 
quis of Ormond to the English parliament, as surety for his per- 
formance of the articles between them, for the delivery of Dublin, 
and the other ganisons, to their commissioners. After the re- 
storation, he was made, March 2d, 166O, captain of a troop of 
horse; and 12th of that month, Cusios Rotidornm Pads in the 
counties of Antrim and Donegal;' and May 22d, 1662, one of 

e The Preamble. Cum nos accepimus reale testimonium fidelitatis et 
boni affectus dilecti ct fidelis servi nostri Arthuri Chichester Armigeii, filii et 
ha^redis apparentis Edwardi Vicecomitis Chichester, et unius de piivato con- 
silio nostro ejusdem regni, erga nos seivitiumque nostrum ; et nos serio per- 
pendentes magnum detrimentum et jacturam, qu£e tarn persona quam I'jrtuna, 
ratione eorundem sustinuit : nos intuitu przemissorum, et quia serviliuin illius 
in nos cumulatum sine recompensatione transire non possumus, ilium in gra- 
dum, statum, titulum, stylum, honorem et dignitatem, Comitis de Donegal, 
in dicto regno nostro Hibernix promo vendum duximus. Sciatis igitur ic. 
Rot. Ao. 19, 20, 21, Z2, 23, 24, Car. I. D. R. 30. 

f Rot. Anno 12, Car II. 2. p. f. 



200 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

the trustees for satisfaction of the personal arrears of the commis- 
sioned officers, for service in Ireland before June 5th, i64q. On 
June 25th, lO(3l,s he took his seat in the iirst parliament after 
the restoration; was governor of Carrickfergus ; and in l6QS, 
established a mathematical lecture in the University of Dublin. ^ 
But dying at Belfast March 18th, l674,' was buried at Carrick- 
fergus May 20lh, 1075, according to his request in his will, 
whereby he bequeathed to the poor of that parish 50/. and to 
those of Belfast 200/. 

He married three wives ; to his first Dorcas, daughter of John 
Hill, of Honiley, in the county of Warwick, Esq. ^ and by her, 
•who died April 10, l630, set. twenty-three, had an only daughter 
Mary, married, in l655, to John St. Leger, Esq. and was mother 
of Arthur, the first Lord Doneraile. 

His second wife wasiviary, daughter of John Digby, ' the first 
Earl of Bristol ; and by her, who died November 5th, l648, he 
had five sons and two daughters ; Arthur, Arthur, Edward, John, 
Digby, James born January 7th, l644 ; and Beatrix, who all died 
infants, and a second daughter born dead. 

His third wife was Letitia, only surviving daughter of Sir 
William Hickes, '" of Rooksholt in Essex, Knt. and Bart, and by 
her, who after married Sir William Franklyn, of Mavorne in Bed- 
fordshire, Knt. he had issue William, Lord Chichester, the Ladies 
Anne, Letitia, Mary, (or Margaret) and Arabella, who all died 
in their infancy, except the 

Lady Anne, who became heiress to 2000/. a year, and in Ja- 
nu.nry, 1674, was first married to John Butler, Earl of Gowran, 
who leaving her a widow without issue, in August, 167O; she 
married, secondly, Francis Aungier, Earl of Longford, by whom 
she had likewise no issue, and died November 14th, 1697. " 

g Lords' Journals, vol. i. p 252. 
h By indenture, dated July 2d, 1668, his Lordship, for the advancement 
of learning, for the establishment of a mathematical lecture, and the mainte- 
nance of a lecturer in Trinity College, near Dublin, gave and granted to the 
said college for ever, the annuity of 30/, to be issuing out of the territory of 
Wagherimore, &c the same to be called, the lecture and lecturer of the foun- 
dation of Arthur Earl of Donegal ; the lecturer to read lectures every term, 
and privately to instruct all desirous to learn the mathematics, but more 
especially such as should be brought up in the school of Belfast, erected by 
him, wherein he made a provision for poor scholars to be brought up in 
learning. 

i Ulster's Office. k Ibid. 

1 Ibid. m Ibid. 

« By her will, dated June 9th, 1696, she bequeathed to Arthur, Earl of 



LORD FISHER WICK. 201 

In the oratory adjoining to Eggesford-church is a sumptuous 
monument, erected to the memory of his Lordship and his two 
first Ladies, where he stands in full and just proportion, in pure 
alabaster, finely polished, between his Ladies lying in effigy, the 
first on the right hand, and the other on the left, with the fol- 
lowing lines addressed to each. To the former : 

Weep, Reader, weep, and let thine eyes. 

With tears embalm the obsequies 

Of her blest shrine; who was in all 

Her full dimensions so angelical 

And really good, that virtue might repine 

In wanting stuff to make one more divine. 

And to the latter: 

Lo ! here the mirrour of her sex, whose praise 
Asks not a Garland, but a grove of bays : 
Whose unexemplar'd virtue shined far 
And near, the Western wonder I like some star 
Of the first magnitude; which though it lies 
Here in eclipse, is only set to rise. 

His Lordship was succeeded by his nephew, Sir Arthur Chi- 

Donegal, her large rubyiing, engraved with tlie arms of the family; to Ca- 
therine his Lady, her jewel, called the pearl bunch of grapes; to Lady Anne 
Chichester, her god-daughter, her set of gold counters, containing 48 Lewis- 
dors, with the gold box belonging to them, whereon the arms are engraved • 
to her nephew Arthur St. Leger, Esq. 100/. for mourning, and all the house- 
hold goods and furniture in the house of Eggesford, county of Devon, with 
b€r father's picture in little, set with diamonds ; to his wife Elizabeth, her 
pearl necklace, and 50/. for mourning ; to her god-daughter Mary, their 
daughter, her gold cup and salver, called by the name of Calles, and 5c/. • 
bequeathed divers sums to her relations for mourning ; to Alice, wife of her 
cousin James Macartney, 50/. and her set of dressing table plate in the black 
box; to Mrs. Elizabeth Hills, 40/. and the camlet bed, lined with lemon 
coloured satin, that was her mother's, and all belonging to it, with the suit 
of hangings that belonged to her mother's chamber in Belfast, and her dia- 
mond ring with her mother's hair ; to the poor and decayed inhabitants of the 
town and parish of Belfast, 100/. to the poor of the parishes of Eggesford 
Chawleigh, Cheldon, and East-Warlington, county Devon, zol. to be distri- 
buted among them ; and 50/. more to the poor of Belfast that were of the 
church of England; to her executors, Henry Clements, of the Strade, and 
Edmund Ellis, of Brookhill, Esquires, 20/ a-piece to buy them rings; with 
divers legacies to her servants and others. Chancery Decree, March ist, 1600 
No 26. 



202 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Chester;, second Earl of Donegal, (eldest son of his Irother John), 
who in 1661 was member of parliament for Dungannon, and 
April 6th, 166s, jointly, with his brother John, made Clerk of 
the Pipe and Chief Ingrosser of the Exchequer, for their respec- 
tive lives 3 also. May 22d, I672, had a reversionary grant to suc- 
ceed his uncle in the government of Carrickfergus ; and June 
16th, 1675, ° was made Custos Rotulorum of the county of Do- 
negal, as he was, by another patent of the same date, of the 
county of Antrim 5 May 7th, J 689, he was attainted by King 
James's parliament as an absentee, but he sat in King William's 
parliament, October 5th, 1692.P 

He married Jane, 1 daughter of John Itchingham, ■■ of Dun- 
brody in the county of Wexford, Esq. and by her (who re-married 
with Richard Rooth, Esq. by whom she had a daughter) had issue 
four £ons and three daughteis, viz. 

First, Arthur, = his successor. 

Second, John Itchingham. * 

Third, Edward, educated at Christ-church, in the University 
of Oxford, where he took his degree in arts February l6th, lupS, 
nnd October 3d, 1702, was presented to the rectory of Clonenagh, 
in the diocese of Leighlin, whence he was promoted to livings in 
the north, and by Elizabeth, daughter of Captain John Chichester, 
had issue the Rev. Arthur Chichester, '' born January 5th, 171(5, 
after his decease; he was made rector of Clonmannvj in the 

o Rot. Cane. 27"'. Car. II. 2. p. f. 
P Lords Journals, vol i p- 447. n MS. Pedig penes J L. 
r Sir Osborne Itchingham, to whom the monastery of I-unbrody was 
granted by King Henry VII I- October 4th, 1545, left a son Edward, who 
was succeeded by his cousin Charles, the father of John, the father of Os- 
borne, who married, first, Elenor, daughter of Sir Arthur Savage, of Rheban 
in the county ofKildare; and secondly Anne, daugh'.er of St. Law- 
rence, by whom he had no children ; but dying in July, 1655, left issue tlie 
abovesaid John Itchingham, who by Sarah, the eighth daughter of Sir Adam 
Loftus, of Rathfarnliam, Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, had two sons, Osborne 
and Adam, who both died unmarried, and the said Jane, whose wardship 
was granted to Robert Boyle, Esq. by privy.seal, dated at Whitehall No- 
vember 30th, 1660 ; she being then about fifteen years old,* became sole heir 
to that estate, which by act of parliament, 10 George I- was settled on the 
Hon. John Chichester, son of Arthur, Ir.: ; Earl of Donegal, and his heirs for 

ever. 

s MS. Pedig. penes J. L- t Ibid, 

u St. M:iry's Registry. 

* Rot. Pat. Cane. Ao. u". Car. II. a. p. D. 



[ 



LORD FISHERWICK. 203 

diocese of Derry, and vicar of TulHlisk^ in the diocess of Dro- 
more. 

Fourth, Charles. 

Fifth, Lady Jane, '^ married to Dacre Lennard Barrett, of 
Clounes in the county of Monaghan, Esq. son and heir to Richard 
Barrett, of Bellhonse in Essex, Esq. by his wife Anne, daughter 
and heir to Sir Robert Loftus, eldest son of Adam, Viscount Elye, 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and had issue by him, who died ia 
1723, one son Richard, and three daughters, viz. Jane, married to 
John Ranby, Esq. Serjeant Surgeon to King George IL ; Do- 
rothy, to Hugh Smith, of Weald-Hall in Essex, Esq. and Hen- 
rietta, who died unmarried. Richard, the son, married the Lady 
Anne Lennard, daughter and heir to Thomas Earl of Sussex, Lord 
Dacre, and dying in 1716, live months after his marriage, left 
her, who died Lady Dacre, with child of a son, Thomas Lord 
Dacre, who succeeded his grandfather, and marrying Anne, 
daughter of Sir John Pratt, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 
and sister to Charles, Lord Camden, Lord High Chancellor of 
England, had one daughter, Anne-Barbara, who died March 14, 
^7^9> 3ged ten years, and his Lordship deceased without issue 
male December 13th, 1785, aged seventy-two. 

Sixth, Lady Catherine, >' was married to John Taylor, Esq. 

Seventh, Lady Mary, ^ to Sir Rober Newcomen, of Kenagh 
in the county of Longford, Bart, by whom she had Sir Arthur, 
father of Sir Thomas 3 Catherine: Sarah 5 Elizabeth 3 Mary; and 
Jane. 

Arthur, the third Earl of Donegal, commanded a regiment of 
foot in the reign of King William, which being disbanded Fe- 
bruary 8th, 1697, he had, in consideration of his faithful services, 
8^. a day, by his Majesty's order May 10th. ^ June 28th, 1/01, 
he was again promoted to a regiment of foot, raised in Ireland, 
and in June, 1702, the English and Dutch fleets being sent 
against Spain, in defence of the rights of the House of Austria, 
under the command of Prince George of Denmark; and a reso- 
lution being formed to land on the Continent, it was immediately 
put in execution 3 when the Earl of Donegal, and Baron Palanck, 
were the first persons who set foot on shore, with twelve English 

X MS- Pedig. y Ibid. z Ibid, 

a November 30th, 1699, he had a grant of three fairs, to be held yearly, 
July 25th, November 30th, and April 23d, and the day following each, at 
Mou£h in Donegal. 



204 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

grenadiers. On October 1st, 1703, he attended his duty in the 
house of Peers. ^ In February, 1704, the Prince of Hesse con- 
ferred on his Lordship the commission of major-general of the 
Spanish forces j and August l6th and 22d_, 1705, he was of the 
council of war, held on board the Britannia, concerning the siege 
of Barcelona, for which he gave his voice, and in November was 
made governor of the strong fortress of Gironne, on the river 
Ter, fifteen miles distant from the sea, and forty-five from Bar- 
celona J but after many glorious services, he lost his life April 
10th, 1706, at the fort of Monjuich, was buried at Barcelona j and 
to perpetuate his memory, the following inscription is placed on 
the monument at Carrickfergus : 

Memorise Perenni, 

Arthuri Coraitis do Donegall, Vicecomitis Chichester 

De Carrickfergus, Bars, de Belfast; Comitatas Antri- 

mensis Locumtenentis, Urbis Carrickfergus Praefecti, 

Et Serenissimae Annae Angliae, &c. Reginse Copiarum 

In Hispanias missar. Legati. 

Qui in Barcelona Urbe Hispanica jacet 

sepultusj ille anno 1704, Calpe eo tempore ab 

unitis Hispaniarum et Galliae viribus oppugnata, 

in Urbem felicissimum intulit auxilium, qua salutera 

obsessis, obsessoribus ruinam ct dedecus comparavit : 

Anno 1/05, in Cataloniam provectus apud obsidioneni 

Barcelonae de Re Militari insisrniter meritus est : 
Post Urbem captam Gironnoe et Locorura adjacentium 

praefectus constitutus summa Vigilantia et Virtute 

bellicas Res administravit, et cum ex adverso Barcelona 

a Duce Andegavensi (Rege Catholico Titulari) Re obsessa 

et a Rege Carolo III. defensa esset, se cum plurimis 

cohortibus in Urbem conjecit, adeoque Rem Austriacam 

periclitantem restituit; ibi Propugnaculi Monjuich 

praefecturam suscipiens tamdiu Hostium aggressus 

sustinuit, donee numero et repetitis conatibus oppressus, 

animo vel in Articulo mortis invictus, florentibus Lauris 

cumulatus, immaturo JEvo et proprio Marte non 

icultus periit Anno 1706, lOmo. die Aprilis, iEtatis suae 40. 

Cui Jure matrimoniali et Honoribus successit 

Arthurus Filius ejus natu maximus. 

i> Lords Journals, vol. ii- p. 8. 



LORD FISHERWICK. 203 

Posuit e sumptibus propriis Uxor sua fidissima 

Domina Catharina e Gente Forbesiana, filia 
nnica Arthuris Comitis de Granard, Vicecomitis 
De Granard et Hamlin, et Baronis de Clanihu. 

His Lordship '' first married the Lady Barbara Boyle, <^ fifth 
and youngest daughter of Roger, Earl of Orrery, by whom he had 
a son Charles, baptized June 15th, l6/6, who died young j and 
she dying l6th (or 20th) November, l682, was buried 24th in 
St. Patrick's cathedral, Dublin. 

He married, secondly, in l6S5, the Lady Catherine Forbes, ^ 
only daughter of Arthur, Earl of Granard, a Lady distinguished 
for her piety, charity, and conjugal virtues, ^ and by her, who died 
at her seat of Abinger in Surrey, June 15th, 1743, and was in- 
terred August 10th, in the vault at Carrlckfergus, ' had issue two 
sons and six daughters, viz. 

First, Arthur, Viscount Chichester. 

Second, John, born in the year 1/00, was member of parlia- 
ment for the borough of Belfast, in the reign of King George I. 
was again chosen November 14th, 1/45 ; and died at Bath, June 
1st, 1746. He married, September 13th, 1726, Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of Sir Richard Newdigate, of Arbury in Warwickshire, 

b By his will, dated July 30th, 1705, he appointed his Lady executrix 
and guaidian to his children ; devised 200/- a year to his younger son John, 
and the heirs male of his body, and entailed h s estate on his sons Arthur and 
John, and their issue male successively ; remainder to his brothers in tail, 
male successively ; remainder to his right heirs for ever. Prerogative Office, 
c MS. Pedig. ut antea. d Articles July 29th, 1685- 

e Delineated in the following lines, by the elegant pen of Swift, and pub- 
lished at Belfast on her interment. 

Unerring Heaven, with bounteous hand, 
Has form'd a model for your land. 
Whom Love endow'd with every grace, 
The glory of the Granard race ; 
Now destin'd by the powers divine 
The blessing of another line. 
Then would you paint a matchless Dame, 
Whom you'd consign to endless fame? 
Invoke not Cytherea's aid, 
Nor borrow from the blue-ey"d maid ; 
Nor need you on the Graces call ; 
Take qualities from Donegal. 

f MS. Pedie. 



206 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

and of Harefield in Middlesex, Bart, sister to Sir Edward and Sir 
Roger Newdigatej s and by her, who died at Abinger February 
15th, 1747, left two sons J {iv^i, Art hiw, who succeeded his uncle 
Arthur; second, John, born December 2(>th, 1/40; and a 
daughter. 

Lady Catherine,'' baptized November gth, I687, M'as mar- 
ried September pth, 1/13, to Clotworthy, Lord Viscount Masse- 
reene. 

T J T Twere unfortunately burnt in the house of 

" Lady Jane, I ^ , - , , , 

T J T- J -neltast, consumed by the carelessness of a 

Lady Frances, < , ^ 

J , TT • ff I servant, who put on a large fire of wood, to 

■" t. air a room she had washed. 

Lady Mary, died unmarried. 

Lndy Anne, married, July 12th, l/lG, to James, fourth Earl 
of Barrymore, to whom she was third wife. She died December^ 
1753. 

Arthur, \he fourth Earl of Donegal, was born March 2Sth, 
1695, and October 3d, I7l6> married the Lady Lucy Ridgeway, 
elder daughter and coheir to Robert, Earl of Londonderry; but 
by her, who died July l6th, 1/32, at Bromfield in Essex, and 
was interred at Tor-Mohun in Devonshire, in his family vault, 
his Lordship had no issue; and deceasing September 30th, 1757j 
at Marbury-hallj in county of Chester, was succeeded by his 
nephew, 

Arthur, ihejiflh Earl, and first Marcjuis, and first Lord 
FisHERWicK, who was born June I3th, 1/39 5 was a member of 
his Majesty's most honourable priry-council, and sat first in par- 
liament on the death of his uncle, October 22d, 1/65.' Nov. 
11th, 1761, he married, first. Lady Anne Hamilton, daughter 
of James Duke of Hamilton (by Elizabeth, daughter and heir to 
Edward Spencer, of Rendlesham, in the county of Sutfolk, Esq.) 
she deceased in 17^0, and v. as buried in Green-hill church, Staf- 
fordshire ; and his Lordship married, secondly, at Bath, in Oc- 
tober, 1788, Mrs, Moore, who died without issue September 18th, 

1789. 

On July \6, 179O, bis Lordsliip was advanced to the British 
Peerage by the title of Baron of Fisherwick in the county of 
Stafford, and was created Marquis of Donegal in Ireland, June 
27th, 1/01. 

g English Barontt, 1771, vol. ii. p 419. 
>> St. Peter's Registry. J Lords Journals, vol iv p. 341- 



LORD FISHERWICK. 20/ 

His Lordship married, thirdly, October 12th, 1790, Barbara 
Godfrey, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Godfrey. 

His issue by his first Lady were three sons and four daughters, 
viz. 

George-Augustus, Earl of Belfast, born August 13th, l/Gp, 
present peer. 

Arthur, born May 3d, l//!* and died September 13th, 
1788. 

Lord Spencer-Stanley, born April 20th, 177^:. married Au- 
gust 8th, 1795, Lady Harriet Stewart, daughter of John, eighth 
Earl of Galloway, and has issue a son and a daughter. 

Lady Charlotte- Anne, born September 5th, 1762, deceased. 

Lady Henrietta, born January pth, I760, deceased. 

Lady Elizabeth-Juliana, born March 24th, 1767, died April 
23d, 17S7. 

Lady Amelia, born in May 1768, ^ and deceased April 28th, 
17/0. 

His Lordship died January 5th, 17Q9, and was succeeded by 
his eldest son, 

George Augustus, second Marquis of Donegal, and se- 
cond Lord Fisherwick. 

His Lordship married, August 8th, 17g5, Miss May, grand- 
daughter of Sir James May, of Mayfield, com. Waterford, Bart, 
and has issue. 

First, George Hamilton, Earl of Belfast, born February, 

Second, Lord Edward, born July 11th, I799. 

Third, Lord Spencer Augustus, born November 27th, 1805. 

Fourth, Lord Arthur, born September yoth, 1808. 

Titles. George Augustus Chichester, Marqr.is and Earl of 
Donegal, Earl of Belfast, Viscount Chichester of Carrickfergus, 
and Baron Chichester of Belfast, and Baron of Fisherwick in 
England. 

Creations. Baron Chichester of Belfast, and Viscount Chi- 
chester of Carrickfergus, both in the county of Antrim, April 1st, 
1625, 1 Car. L and Earl of the county of Donegal, March 30th, 
1647, 23 of that reign; Marquis of Donegal, and Earl of Bel- 
fast June 27tb, 179I i and Baron of Fisherwick, in England,, 
July 16th, 1790. 

k Ulster's OlRoe. 



208 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Arms. Quarterly, the first and fourth checque, or and gules 3 
a chief, valre ; the second and third azure, frettee, argent. 

Crest. On a wreath, a stork, proper, holding in its beak a 
snake, argent, the head, or. 

Supporters. Two wolves, gules, ducally gorged and chained, 
or. 

Motto. Invitum SEauiTUR HONOS ; or Honor sep,uitur 

rUGlENTEM. 

Chief Seats. Belfast and Carrickfergus, in the county of An- 
trim, the former eighty, and the latter eighty-eight miles fronfi 
Dublin. 



LORD VERULAM. 20^ 




GRIMSTON, LORD VERULAM. 

(FISCOUNTGRIMSrON IN IRELAND, AND LORD FORRESTER 

IN SCOTLAND.; 

This family is denominated from its possessions in the county of 
York, and descended from Silvester de Grimston, of Grim' 
ston, who attended William, Duke of Normandy, in his expe- 
dition to England as standard-bearer, and in that station valiantly 
fought at the battle of Hastings, where the kingdom proved the 
reward of their victory over Harold, who then possessed the 
throne : and the year following, on the Conqueror's settling his 
household, he was appointed his chamberlain, and did homage for 
Grimston, Hoxton, Tonsted, and other lands, which he held of 
the Lord Eoos, as of his honour of Roos in Iloldernesse, York- 
shire. 

He was succeeded at Grimston by his son Daniel, who mar- 
ried the daughter ot Sir Adam Sprinuall, and was father of 

Sir Thomas Grimston, living in the reign of King Stephen, 
who by the daughter of Sir John Roswell, of Aldersey, Knight, 
had 

John, his successor at Grimston, whose wife was the daughter 
and heir to Sir John Goodmnghan, and his son by her was 

Sir William Grimston, living in 1231, who by the daughter 
and heir to Sir John Colholme, of Coiholme, had two sons. Sir 
Roger ; and Alt^xander, whose wife was the daughter of John 
Frowick, of Middlesex. 

Sir Roger was under sheriff of the county of Kent to Hubert 
de Burgo, from 1 223 to 1228 ; and marrying the daughter of Fulk 
Constable, of Fulmark, had two sons, Walter: and Sir Gervaise 

VOL, VXII. P 



210 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Grimstone^ who left no issue by his wife, the daughter of Sir 
John Baskerville. 

Walter, who succeeded^ married the daughter and coheir 
to Herbert Flinton, of Flinton in Holdernesse, and had issue 
three sons, viz. first, William ; second, John, Dean of Rochester 
and Abbot of Selby ; and, third, Robert, who married the 
daughter of Ashton. 

William Grimston, of Grimston, Esq. the eldest son, married 
Armatruid, daughter of Sir Rowland (rather John) Rysom, of 
Rysom in Holdernesse, Knight, and had three sons. 

First, Thomas, living in 1420, (10 lien. V.) who married 
Dyonisia, daughter of the Lord Sutton, and had a son Thomas, 
who marrying the daughter of Willieim Fitz-William, of Aldwark, 
had issue two sons and two daughters, Walter, living in 1466 j 
William, who died childless ; Margaret, married to Robert 
Forthingham, of Forthingham ; and Anne, to William Vavasour, 
of Weston in Yorkshire. Walter Grimston, the elder son, 
married Elizabeth, daughter and heir to Sir John Portington, 
(who was made serjeant at law to King Henry VI. April I7th, 
14'10, and four years after was justice of the Common Pleas) and 
was father of Thomas Grimston, Esq. who by the daughter and 

heir of Newark, had six sons and ^o daughters, viz. 

Walter; William; Thomas; Henry; Gervaih'e ; Josias, who 

married the daughter and heir of Ever; Anne, married 

to George Brigbam ; and Mary to Ellerker, of Lycett. ^ 

Walter, the eldest son, living in the time of Henry VIIL mar- 
ried the daughter of John Dakine, of Brandsburton (or Brands- 
bury) in Holdernesse, and liaa Thomas his heir, and a daughter 
Elizabeth, wife to Marmaduke Constable, of Hatfield in Holder- 
nesse. Thomas, who succeeded at Grimston, had four sons and 
two daughters by Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Girlington, of 
Hachford in Norfolk, viz. Thomas; Francis, who married Susan, 
daughter of William Windesley, of Brandburton; John; Mar- 
maduke, who married a daughter of Stirley ; Anne, mar- 
ried to Robert Wright, of Plow, in the county of Lincoln ; and 
Magdalen, to John Thwenge, of Overhelmslie, and had Marma- 
duke Thwenge, aged twenty-four, in 1584; William, Anne, and 
Margery. '' Thomas, the eldest son, living in 1584, married Do- 
rothy, daughter of Marmaduke Thwaites, by whom he had six 
sons and two daughters; Marmaduke; Thomas; Johnj Thwaites; 

a Lodge. b Ibid. 



LORD VERULAM. 211 

Walter, who manned Dorothy, daughter and coheir to Marma- 
duke Thirkeld, of Estrop, Esq. ; Christopher, who married Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Martin Barney, of Gunston in Norfolk, and 
had a son Barney; Elinor, married to William Thornton of 
Newton ; and Cicely to Robert Saltmarsh, of Saltmarsh in York- 
shire, Esqrs. Marmaduke, the eldest son, married Frances, 
daughter of George Gill, of Hertford, by whom he had Thomas 
his heir, who left no issue ; but some of the name and family yet 
subsist in Yorkshire. 

Second, Robert, ancestor to the present peer. 
Third, John, Dean of Windsor in 1418. 
Robert, the second son, leaving Yorkshire, became seated ia 
the county of Suffolk, in the reign of Henry V. by his marriage 
with the daughter of Sir Anthony Spilman, by whom he was 
father of 

Edward Grimston, who succeeded him in lands at Rise- 
hungles and Ipswich in that county, and married, first, Philippa, 
daughter of John, Lord Tiptoft, sister and coheir to John, Earl of 
Worcester, and widow of Thomas, Lord Roos, by whom having 
no issue, he married, secondly, Mary, daughter of William Drury, 
of Rougham in Suffolk, Esq. and by her had four sons and three 
daughters, of whom Elizabeth was married to Henry Reepes, and 
had Elizabeth, married to Thomas Holt, of Swanstead ; Francis, 
married Catherine, daughter of Thomas Leman, and had John 
and Thomazine ; and John, married Dorothy Sidner, and had a 
son John. 

John, the third son, was ancestor to the Grimstons of Nor- 
folk and Essex. 

Edward, the eldest, marrying Margaret, eldest daughter of 
Thomas Hervey, Esq. left 

Edward his heir, who by Anne, daughter of John Garnish, 
of Kenton in Suffolk, Esq. was father of 

Sir Edward, who in the reign of Queen Elizabeth served in 
several parliaments for the borough of Ipswich j was knighted by 
her Majesty ; called into her privy-council 3 and continued by 
her, comptroller of Calais, having been so appointed August 30th, 
J 552, by King Edward VI. 

In the beginning of 1558, that place being taken by the 
Duke of Guise, Sir Edward, the comptroller, was among the 
principal prisoners. Having, according to the duty of his post, 
frequently given advice of the ill condition of the garrison, (but 



212 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

whether they, to whom he wrote, were corrupted by the French, 
French, or that the low estate of the treasury occasioned the want 
of supply), it was resolved he should not return to England to dis- 
cover the reason, and therefore was suffered to lie a prisoner in 
the Bastile, without any care taken of him or his fellow-captives; 
and the ransom set on him was so high, that having lost a great 
estate, which he had purchased about Calais, he determined to 
prejudice his family no further by redeeming his liberty at so high 
a rate, intending either to remain a prisoner, or make his escape; 
the latter of which he thus effected. 

After about two years confinement, being lodged in the top 
of the Bastile, he chanced to procure a file, with which cutting 
out one of the window bars, and having a rope conveyed to him,"" 
he changed clothes with his servant, and descended by the rope, 
which proving a great deal too short, he was obliged to take a 
long leap, which he did without hurt, and, before the outer gates 
were shut, made his escape undiscovered. But his beard, which 
was long, made him apprehend that he should be known by it ; 
yet by a happy providence, finding in his servant's pocket a pair 
of scissars, he so disfigured it, as to render such a discovery very 
difficult, and having learned tlie art of war in company with the 
Scots guard de Mauche, he spoke that dialect, and so passed for a 
Scots pilgrim ; by which means he escaped to England, and offer- 
ing to take his trial, made his innocence so evident, that the jury 
werft ready to acquit him without leaving the court. 

He lived to a great age, deceasing in his ninety-eighth year ; 
and having been twice married, left issue by his first wife •= a son 
and successor 

Edward Grimston, Esq. who was seated at Bradfield in 
Essex, and 31 Eliz. served in parliament for the borough of Eye, 
Suffolk, his father then living. He married Joan, daughter and 
coheir to Thomas Risby, of Lavenham in Suffolk, Esq, (whose 
mother was daughter and coheir to John Harbottle, of Crosfield 
in the same county, Esq.) by which marriage he considerably en- 
larged his estate ; and departing this life August 15th, l6lO, left 
two sons, Harbottle and Henry, who were both knighted, and 
married two sisters. 

Sir Henry, the younger, had issue a son Edward, vi-ho lies 
buried in Beaconsfield church, Bucks, with this memorial : 

c Lodge. 



LORD VERULAM. 213 

Here lyetb the Body of 

Edward Grimstone, Esq. 

Son of Henry Grimstone 

Knt. who died the 17th of 

March 10,56.'' 

Sir Harbottle Grimston, ofBradfield, the elder son, was 
advanced to the dignity of a £a ro 72 e/ November 25th, l6l2 ; and 
being a gentleman well esteemed in his countr}', was sheriff of 
Essex in l6l4, * and chosen its representative in three parlia- 
inents during the reign of Charles I. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Ralph Coppenger, of Stoke in Kent, Esq. and dying 
about the year 1640, had issue five sons. 

First, Edward, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
jSIassam, Esq. and died before liis father without issue. 

Second, Harbottle, who succeeded. 

Third, Henry. 

Fourth, Thomas ; and 

Fifth, William. 

Henrj', the third son, died young, and was buried in th« 
ebancel of Islington church under a fair stone, witli this incrip- 

tion : 

Hinc 

Sperat Resurrectionem 

(Filics Harbotelli Grimeston 

Miiitis et Baronetti 

Natu tertius) 

Henricus Grimeston. 

Anagranima, 

Ed Christi Regno sum. 

©ui moritur vivir, Christo huic. 

Mors semita, Ductor 

Angelus, ad Vitam janua 

Christus erit. 

Hac Iter ad Superos, calcans 

Vestigia Lethi, 

Intrabam Christi regia 

Ternpla Dei. 

. die Mensis Julii, An. Dom. I627. 

^ Le Neve's Monument. Angl 
e Fuller's Worthies- 



214 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sir Harbottle Grimston, the second Baronet, having his 
education in the inns of court, was well versed in the laws, and 
the ancient customs and usage of parliaments j and behaved with 
a steady zeal to the true interest of his country, in the distracted 
time of the civil war. He well knew and observed the bounds 
between arbitrary power and legal duty, which di-posilion caused 
him to oppose and refuse the payment oi illegal taxes (on which 
account his father had been imprisoned m the Fleet) and in \he 
parliament, which met April 3d, J640, being member for Col- 
chester, for which he served to his death, he was one of the first 
that insisted on the calling those persons to account, who had ad- 
vised the levying ship-money, and in an excellent speech on that 
subject, said, " He was persuaded that they, who gave their opi- 
nions for the legality of it, did it against the dictamen of their 
own conscience," But as he only intended the reform of such 
invasions on the liberty and property of the subject ; so did he 
endeavour, with all his interest> to pacify the minds of those, who 
were set upon extorting extravagant demands from their sove- 
reign ; for he rather continued to sit, than concur with the long 
parliament, till after the treaty with the King in the Isle of 
Wight, of which he was one of the commissioners ; and, as Lord 
Clarendon observes, behaved himself so, that his Majesty was 
well satisfied with him ; and pressing the acceptance of the King's 
concessions, was, after his return, excluded by force, with others, 
from sitting in the house of commons. He was, besides, the 
more obnoxious, for having been instrumental in procuring part 
of the army to be disbanded, for performing which at the several 
places of rendezvous he was appointed, May 29th, 1 647, one of 
the commissioners. And when the King was brought to his 
trial, the persons in power had such apprehensions of his duty to 
his Majesty, and his interest v.'ith the army and people, that they 
put him under confinement, and did not release him till after the 
King's death, as appears by this warrant. 

" You are, on sight hereof, to set at liberty Sir Harbottle 
Grimston, he having engaged himself not to act, or do any thing 
to the disservice of the parliament or army. Given under my 
band the 30th day of January 1(348. 

" Fairfax.' 

" To the Marshal-General, or his Deputy." 

When he had signed a protestation, declaring all acts to be 



LORD VERULAM. 215 

void, which from the time of his expulsion, had been done in the 
house of commons, he contented himself with waiting the return 
of the people to their allegiance, and lived retired, until General 
Monk paved the way for the King's restoration ; about which 
time the excluded members returning to the house, ^ all who 
meant well to the King, contrived liis election for Speaker, to 
which he was chosen April 25th, lO'GO, and the before-mentioned 
noble author tells us, " that he submitted to it, out of a hope and 
confidence, that the designs it was laid for would succeed." And 
so just a sense had the King of his merits, and endeavours to pro- 
mote the restoration, that he called him into his privy-council, 
and November 3d, 166O, made him Master of the Rolls ; 
which honourable post he very judiciously executed, to the satis - 

f The corporation of Colchester sent him the following letter : 
"Honourable Sir, 

" As we cannot but with thankfulness acknowledge the mercy of God to 
the nation in general, so more particularly to this town, that after the many 
changes and alterations we have been tossed in that now there is (as we are 
credibly informed and do believe) a free admission of the members of the late 
parliament, so long interrupted by force, we cannot but with much earnest- 
ness (in the behalf of ourselves and the free burgesses of the town; make our 
hunible request, that you will be pleased to return to that trust, to which you 
were so freely and unanimously elected in the year 16401 which we do the 
rather request out of the former experience, that not only this town but the 
nation in general hath had of your faithfulness and ability, and the many 
miseries and calamities we have groaned under since your absence ; and as 
we formerly had the honour of sending so eminent and worthy a ifiember, so 
we shall hope 'by the blessing of God upon your endeavours) that not only 
ourbclves but the whole nation in general shall have cause to bless God for 
your return, and in his due time reap the benefit of your councils and labour 
in that great assembly. Sir, we shall not farther trouble you at present, than 
\o assure you, we are, as by many former favours bound to be, 
•' Your faithful and humble servants, 

'• Thomas Peeke, Mayor, 
" John Shaw, Recorder. 
" John Radhams, 
•' John Gaell, 
" Thomas Reynolds, 
•' John Milbanks, 
" Peter Johnson, 
♦' Andrew Fomental, 
« Colchester, Feb. 23d, 1659. 

"Sir, 
'« The rest of the Aldermen, viz. Mr. Reynolds at Eastgates, Captain 
Rayner, and Mr. Jeremy Daniel, are not in town." Collections. 



210 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

faction of all concerned in the law. s He was made recorder of 
the corporation of Harwich for life, being the second who bore 
that otiice, '^ and April 24th, l665, obtained a confirmation of 
the franchises and immunities of that town ; being also by patent, 
dated at Westminster July 27th, l6(54, made high stev/ard of St. 
Albans for life, but died in January l6S3, in the eighty-second 
year of his age. 

*' He was descended," says Burnet, who lived many years 
under his protection, " from a long-lived family; for his great 
grandfather lived till he was ninety-eight ; his grandfather to 
eighty-six ; and his father to seventy-eight; and himself to eighty- 
two. He had to the last a great soundness of health, of memory, 
and of judgment. He was bred to the study of the law, being a 
younger brother. Upon his elder brother's death, he threw it 
up. But falling in love with Judge Crooke's daughter, the father 
would not bestow her on him, unless he would return to his stu- 
dies, which he did with great success. That judge was one of 
those, who delivered his judgment in the Exchequer-chamber, 
against the ship-money, which he did with a long and learned 
argument. And Sir Harbottle's father, who served in parliament 
for Essex, lay long in prison, because he would not pay the loan- 
money. Thus both his family and his wife's, were zealous for 
the interest of their country. In the beginning of the long par- 
liament, he was a great asserter of the laws : and inveighed se- 
verely against all that had been concerned in the former illegal 
oppression. His principle was, that allegiance and protection 
were mutual obligations, and that the one went for the other. He 
thought the law was the measure of both j and that when a legal 



g He compiled and published the reports of law cases of Sir George 
Crooke, Justice of the Common Pleas. He was well ie:id in the ancient 
fathers of the churcli, and wrote in Latin, for the use of his fon, a small ma- 
nual, containing the duty of a Christian. He also left in manuscript a journal 
of the several debates in the treaty with King Charles I. at the Isle of Wight, 
among which are many weighty aiguments concerning the liberty of the sub- 
ject, and the authority of church government. His views and designs being 
directed to the good of the public, which he had always at heart, he was the 
less solicitous in the reign of Charles 1 1 . to be great at Ci U; t, though he held 
a friendship and correspondence with many leading men, especially the Earl 
of Clarendon, as appears by their letters. He was an h.)nouratjle friend, a 
kind indulgent father and master, and finished his course like a pious, cha- 
ritable and goodjlhiibtian, with a full assurance of happiness in another world, 
h Dale's Hist, of Harwich. 



LORD VERULAM. 217 

protection was denied to one that paid a legal allegiance, the sub- 
ject had a right to defend himself. He was much troubled, when 
preachers asserted a divine right of regal government. He 
thought it had no other effect but to give an ill impression of 
thenij as aspiring men : nobody was convinced by it : it inclined 
their hearers rather to suspect all they said besides; it looked like 
the sacrificing their country to their own preferment ; and an 
encouraging of princes to turn tyrants. Yet, when the long par- 
liament engaged into the league with Scotland, he would not 
swear the coven-ant; and he discontinued sitting in the hou.e till 
it was laid aside. Then he came back, and joined with Hollis, 
and the other presbyterians, in a high opposition to the indepen- 
dents, and to Cromwell in particular : and he was one of the se- 
cluded members that were forced out of the house. He followed 
afterwards the practice of the law, but was always looked at as 
one who wished well to the ancient government of England. So 
he was chosen Speaker of the house that called home the King j 
and had so great a merit In the whole afFair^ that he was soon 
after, without any application of his own, made Master of the 
Rolls ; in which post he continued to liis death, with a high re- 
putation, as he well deserved it. For he was a just judge, very 
slow, and ready to hear every thing that was offered, without pas- 
sion or partiality, I thought his only fault was, that he was too 
rich : and yet, he gave yearly sums in charity, dischirging rpsny 
prisoners by paying their debts. He was a very pious and devout 
man, and spent every day, at least an hour in the morning, and 
as much at night, in prayer and meditation. And even in winter, 
when he" was obliged to be very early on the bench, he took care 
to rise so soon, that he had always the command of that time, 
which he gave to those exercises. He was much sharpened 
against popery ; but had always a tenderness to the dissenters, 
though he himself continued still in the communion of the church. 
His second wife, whom 1 knew, was niece to the great Sir Francis 
Bacon ; and was the last heir of that family. She had all the 
high notions for the church and the crown, in which she had 
been bred ; but was the humblest, the devoutest, and best tem- 
pered person I ever knew of that sort. It was really a pleasure to 
hear her talk of religion; she did it with so much elevation and 
force. She was always very plain in her clothes : and went oft 
to jails to consider the wants of the prisoners, and relieve, or dis- 
jcharge them ; zud, by the meanness of her dress^ she passed but 



218 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

for a servant, trusted with the charities of others. When she 
was travelling in the country, as she drew near a village, she often 
ordered her coach to stay behind, till she had walked about it, 
giving orders for the instruction of the children, and leaving libe- 
rally for that end. With two such persons I spent several of my 
years very happily." ^ He died in January, 1683. " Nature 
sunk all at once," says Burnet, " he being then eighty-two. He 
died, as he had lived, with great piety and resignation to the will 
of God." 

His first wife was Mary, daughter of Sir George Crooke, Knt. 
■who, February 11th, l623, was made justice of the Common- 
Pleas, by whom he had six sons and two daughters, of which sons 
five died before him ; and 

George, the eldest, dying in the twenty-third year of his age, 
was interred under a monument in St. Michael's church, St. 
Albans, leaving no issue by his wife Sarah, younger daughter and 
coheir to Sir Edward Alston, Knight, M. D. ; who re-married, 
first, with John, Duke of Somerset, and after with Henry Hare, 
Lord Coleraine. 

The daughters were, Mary, married to Sir Capel Luckyn^ 
Knt. and Bart.; and Elizabeth, in 1650, to Sir George Grubham 
How, of Cold-Berwick in Wiltshire, Bart. 

His second wife was Anne, elder daughter and at length heir 
to Sir Nathaniel Bacon, of Culford-Hall in Suffolk, Knight of the 
Bath, widow of Sir Thomas Meautysj by her he had an only 
daughter Anne, who died young 5 and his Lady having the 
manors of Gorhambury and Kingsbury near St. Albans settled on 
her for life, he purchased the reversion thereof from Mr. Hercules 
Meautys, nephew of Sir Thomas, the heir at law 5 the former of 
which. Sir Samuel Grimston, his only surviving son, made the 
principal place of his residence. 

Which Sir Samuel, third Baronet, was born January /th, 
1643, and having all the advantages of education, was an accom- 
plished gentleman, and well esteemed in his country; served in 
six several parliaments for the borough of St. Albans, during the 
reigns of King Charles IL and King William; but was so ob- 
noxious to King James II. that he excepted him out of his mani- 
festo in 1692, when he had formed a design of landing in Eng- 
land. He married, first, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Heneage 

^ Burnet's Own Time, vol. i. p. 380. 



LORD VERULAM. 21 9 

Flnchj Earl of Nottingham, Chancellor of England, and by her 
had an only daughter, 

Elizabeth, the first wife to William Savile the second Mar- 
quis of Hallifax, who by her had an only survivuig daughter, 
Anne, the first wife of Thomas, Lord Bruce, son of Thomas, Earl 
of Aylesbury, which Lady died July 18th, 17^7) in the twenty- 
seventh year of her age. 

His second wife was the Lady Anne Tufton, sixth and 
youngest daughter of John, the second Earl of Thanet, and by 
her, (who lies buried in the east part of the church-yard of Tew- 
ing in Hertfordshire, under a tomb enclosed by iron rails, thus 
inscribed : 

Here lieth interred the Body of the Right 
Honourable Lady Anne Grimston, Wife to Sir 
Samuel Grimston, Bart, of Gorhambury in 
Hertfordshire, Daughter to the late Right 
Honourable Earl of Thanet, She depaited this 
Life Nov. 22, 1 713, in the 60th Year of her age). 

He had a son Edward, born July 22d, l6r4, and a daughter 
Mary, born the year after; but they both dying young, the dig- 
nity of Baronet expired with him, who deceased in Ocrober 170O, 
in the fifty-second year of his age, leaving a great estate, under 
certain limitations, to JFilliavi Liickyn, Esq. second son of Sir 
JViUiam Luclyn, of Messing-Hall in Essex, Knt. and Bart, who 
was son and heir to Sir Capei Lnckyn, by Mary, elder sister of 
the said Sir Samuel Grimston. 

Which family of Luckyn (his Lordship's paternal ancestors) 
were of good antiquity in Essex, of which county Robert Luckyn, 
Esq. was sheriff 16 Jac. I. as in 13 of Charles I. was Sir William 
Luckyn, of Little Waltham, Knight, ' who. Match 2d, l628, 
was created a Baronet; and in 1637 was sheriff of the said 
county. He married Mildred, third daughter of Sir Gamaliel 
Capel, of Rookwood-Hall in Essex, Knight, by whom he had two 
daughters, Jane and Elizabeth ; annd two sons. Sir Capel, his 
heir J and Sir William, also created a Baronet November 13th, 
1661 3 but he leaving by Winifred his wife, third and youngest 
daughter of Sir Richard Everard, of Much- Waltham in Essex, 

1 Fuller's Worthies. 



sao PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Bart, an.only daughter Anne, (married to Sir Henry Palmer, of 
Wingham in Kent, Bart, who died without issue by her in 1706) 
the title became extinct. 

Sir Capel Luckyn, the second Baronet, born in 1621, was 
member of parliament for Harwich in \6Q\, and married (as 
already observed) Mary, elder daughter of Sir Harlottle Grim- 
Stan: by her, who died March ]8th, 17I8, in the eighty-sixth 
year of her age, he had a numerous issue, whereof William suc- 
ceeded to the title and estate ; and the surviving daughters were 
Mildred, married first to Thomas Smyth, of Blackmore in Essex, 
Esq. ; and secondly, to Mr. Davison Browning, of London, linen 
draper 3 and Sarah, first to Richard Saltonstall^ of South Oking- 
don, Esq. ; and secondly to Dacre Barrett, of BcUhouse in Avely, 
Essex, Esq. to whom she was third wife, and by him, who died 
in 1723, had a daughter Catharine, married to Sir Philip Hall, of 
Upton in Essex. 

Sir William Luckyn, third Baronet, the second but eldest 
surviving son, marrying Mary, daughter of William Sherington, 
Esq. Alderman of London, had issue ten sons and five daughters, 
viz. 

First, Sir Harbottle, his successor, fourth Baronet, cup- 
bearer to Queen Anne and King George IL who died February 
4th, 1736, unmarried. 

Second, William, adopted heir to Sir Samuel Grimston, and 
advanced to the peerage. 

Third, Capel. 

Fourth, Henry. 

Fifth, Charles, of Merton-coUege, Oxford, rector of Pedmersh 
and Messing in Essex. 

Sixth, Edward. 

Seventh, Samuel. 

Eighth, George, who died at Messing-hall, February 5th, 
1733, aet. thirty-seven. 

Ninth, Sherington j and, 

Tenth, James. 

Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah, Mildred, and Martha. 

Sir William, the second son, ffth Baronet, and first Vis- 
count Grimston, being adopted by his uncle Sir Samuel Grimston, 
heir to his estate, in virtue of the limitation thereof assumed the 
name of Grimston. In 171O, 1713, 1714, and 1727, he was 
member of parliament for St. Albans, and created a peer of Ire- 



LORD VERULAM. 221 

land by privy-seal, dated at St. James's April 29th, and by patent •" 
at Dublin May 2pth, 17^9> with the creation fee of twenty marcs, 
and July 13th following, he took his seat in parliament," 

His Lordship"^ married Jane, daughter of James Cooke, 
citizen of London, and deceased October 15, 1/56, aged seventy- 
three, having had issue by her, who died March 12th, 1/65, in 
the county of Heitford, nineteen children, whereof 

Samuel the eMesi son, born December 28th, 1707» mar- 
ried November 5th, 1730, Mary, daughter and heir to Henry 
Lovell, of Coleman-street, London, Esq. Turkey-merchant, who 
died in 1725, and was youngest son to Sir Salathiel Lovell, Baron 
of the Exchequer, by whom he had a daughter bom April 1st, 
1736, who died an infant 3 and deceasing in London, June J4tb, 
1737* in the thirtieth year of his age, was interred in St. Nicho- 
las's church, St. Albans, and his widow remarried with William, 
Viscount Barrington. 

Second, James, heir apparent. 

Third, Harbottle, born December 2d, I7l2, was appointed 



m The preamble. Cum nihil in bonum publicum magis cedat, quam 
virtutem praemiis ornare, preesertim generis splendore illustiatam, virosquc. 
egregiis gestis de patria benemeritos, et illustrissimas Angliae familias affini- 
tate attingentes, honoribus augere : etcum hoc titulo se nobis prsecipue com- 
mendet dilectus noster Gulielmus Grimston de Gorhambury in agro Hert- 
fordensi Armiger, non interrupta Linea a Silvestro Grimston de Grimston in 
agro Eboracensi crtus, qui Gulielmum Conquestorem Expeditione sua in 
Angliam comitabatur, ejusque vexillifer fuerat in piaslio insigni apud Hast- 
ings, ubi parta Victoria, totum Rcgnum in principis illius ditionem redactum 
est ; a quo Silvestro ad prsedictum Gulielmum Grimston longa progenitorum 
series extitit invicto in patriam amore, et inconcussa erga Reges suos fide. 
Insignes inter hos eminuit Edwardus Grimston Eques auratus a secretis 
Regni conciliis, et rationum publicarum Ca/eti inspector, qui, urbe Cal/i's red- 
dita, turrem propugnavir, et non nisi fame victus, hostium se permisit fidei : 
Hujus Edwardi Pronepos Harbottle Grimston Eques Auratus et Baronettus, 
magnus ilie artium liberalium et literarum humananim Maecenas et exem- 
plar, in restaurationeCaroli secundi in patriam et Solium Avitum magna pars 
fuit ope et concilio : Dein Regni Piaefectus. In celeberrimi hujus vi.i nomen, 
familiam et virtutes successit proefatus Gulielmus Grimston, Pronepos hsres- 
que non degener, qui atavorum meritis hoc addidit proprium, ut in difficilli- 
mis temporibus, cum successio nostra in haec regna periclitaretur, stienuum 
se juris nostri bonique publici propugnatorem praestaret. Sciatis igitur nos, in 
perpetuum regii nostri favoris erga ilium et ejus posteros indicium, creasse, 
&c. (Rot. Cane. Anno j Geo. 1. i. p. f.J 

n Lords' Jour, vol ii. p. 612. 

o Having a quarrel with Sarah Duchess of Marlborough, the spiteful old 
lady endeavoured to make him riviiculous by repiinting a juvenile play of his. 
See WalpeU's Royal and Noble Authors, bj Park. 



222 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

May 1st, 1736^ gentleman-usher to the Princess of Wales, which 
he resigned in October 1737, and May 10th, 1740, succeeded Sir 
William Wynne as standard bearer to the gentlemen pensioners, 
of which band he was appointed lieutenant in May 1749J in 
1750 changed his name to Luckyn by act of parliament, and is 
long since deceased. 

Fourth, George, born August 12th, 1714, was made October 
13th, 1729, gentleman usher to the Prince of Wales j married in 

April 1744 the daughter of Clover, of Hertfordshire, Esq. 

^nd had two sons of the name of Edward, both deceased. 

Fifth, William, born January 3d, 1719' 

Jane, born December 20th, \7\S, married in August 1 743 to 
Thomas Gape, of St. Albans, Esq. ; and Frances, born September 
1725.'' 

Sir James, the second Viscount, was born October 9th, 1711, 
married Mary, daughter of John Askell Bucknall, of Oxney in 
the county of Hertford, Esq. and deceasing of the gout December 
15th, 1773, was buried in St. Michael's church St. Albans, having 
had issue by her, who was born April 28th, 17l7>3rid died in Au- 
gust 177s, three sons and tive daughters, viz. 

First, James Bucknall, who succeeded to the title. 

Second, William (who has taken the name of Euchiall), born 
June 23d, 1750, representative in the British parliament for the 
borough of St. Albans j married, February 7lh, 1783, to Sopliia, 
daughter and coheir to Richard Hoare, of Baram in Essex, Esq. 
by whom he has issue. 

Third, Harbottle, born April 14th, 1752. 

Jane, born September 10th, 1748, married, October 6th, 1774, 
to Thomas Estcourt, Esq. 

Mary, born May 28th, 1753, married April 3d, 1777, to Wil- 
liam Hale, of Walden in Hertfordrshire, Esq. 

Susanna Askell, born September 2Sth, 1754, married, Fe- 
bruary 15th, 178I, to John Warde, of Squerries in Kent, Esq. 

Frances Cooke, born March 27th, 1757. 

Charlotte-Johanna, born September 10th, IJog.'^ 

Sir James Bucknall, the third Viscount Grimston, and first 
Lord Verulam, was born May 9th, 1747 j his Lordship repre- 
sented the county of Hertford in the British parliament. July 
28th, 1774, he married Harriot, only daughter of Edward Walter, 
of Stalbridge in the county of Dorset^ Esq. by Harriot, daughter 

f Ulster's Office. ? Idem. 



LORD VERULAM. 223 

and coheir to George, Lord Forrester, ^ and by her Ladyship, who 
died November 7th, 1786, had issue. 



h This surname has been assumed from an office, as Stewart, Durward, 
Constable, and others were, whioh their bearing, viz. three hunting horns, 
seems to confirm. The principal family appears to be this of Forrester, 
whose ancestor, Sir Adam Forrester, citizen of Edinburgh in the 6th of Ro- 
bert II. acquired the Barony of Corstorphin, from Sir William More, of 
Abercorn, whence his successors took their designation. Upon the acces- 
sion of King Robert III. to tlie throne, anno 1390, he was constituted lord 
privy-seal. * In the 2d of the said King, he was commissioned to treat with 
certain English commissioners for maintaining the peace betwixt the two 
realms, f Likewise, in 1405, he was a second time one of the commissioners 
authorized to treat with the English, about composing of certain differences 
betwixt the two kingdoms. + By Margaret his wife he had issue. 

Sir John, his son and heir, who being a man of good parts, was, anno 
1421, named lord privy-seal to Murdach Duke of Albany, governor of Scot- 
land, ^ and in 1423, he was with William Bishop of Glasgow, George Earl of 
March, John Montgomery of Ardrossan, Patrick Dunbar of Beill, and Wil- 
liam Borthwick of that ilk, sent commissioners to England to treat with that 
state, about the redemption of King James I.|| Upon that King's return 
home, anno 1424, he was constituted master of the household, I and lord high 
chamberlain of Scotland. ** After which, in 1428, he was named a com- 
missioner with divers others, to treat with the English about a peace. Thus 
much for his civil actions. His works of piety were these; the founding a 
chaplainry at the altar of St. Ninian, within the church of St. Giles of Edin- 
burgh, " pro salubri statu serenissimi Frincipis Jacobi I. et Joannse sponsae 
suae ; et pro salute anima quondam Adas Forrester de Corstorphin, Militis, 
Patris mei et Margarets matris mese," to which he mortified, " sex libras 
tredecem solidos, et quatuor dcnarios de tenemento suo in dicto Burgo.'' +t 
Likewise, he doted a sufficient subsistence for three Chaplainries in the 
chapel of St. John the Baptist, contiguous to the parish church of Corstor- 
phin, founded by Sir Adam Forrester his father, J:{: which in the year 1429, 
he erected into a collegiate church, and procured the annexation of several 
lands and tithes thereunto. He married Jean, sister to Henry Sinclair Earl of 
Orkney ; ^^ and departing this life about 1440, was interred in the church of 
Corstorphin, under an arch, with the portraiture of himself and his wife, as 
big as tlie life in free stone, without any monumental inscription but a coat of 
armi : he had issue. 

First, Sir John, his successor. 

Second, Henry Forrester, of Oxgang- 



* Mr. Rymer's Faedera Anglise. + Ibid. J Ibid. 

§ Charta in Rotulis Murdaci Ducis Albania. 

II Rymer's Fa^dera Anglise. 

I Charta in Rotulis Jacobi I- ad annum 1424. 

*• Ibid, anno Prasdicto. tf Ibid. H Ibid. 

§^ Charta Confirmationis Jacobi I. de impignoratione quam Henricus 

Comes Orkadiie fecit delecto fratre suo Joanni Forrester de Corstorphin militi 

in 1424, 



224 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

First, James Walter, born September 26th, 17/5. 
Second, Harriot, born December 14th, 1776 ; and. 

Third, Jean, married to Sir Robert Maxwel, of Carlavcrock,* ancestor t» 
*e Earl of Nithsdalc. 

Fourth, Elizabeth, to Sir Alexander Lauder, Knight. + 

Which Sir John obtained a grant from King James I, of the lands of 
Blackburn in Linlithgowshire, upon the resignation of Sir Robert Cuningham, 
of Kilmaures, anno 1424, wherein he is designed, " filio ct heredi apparent! 
Joannis Forrester de Corstorphin Militis Camerarii Scotia." He was suc- 
ceeded by 

Archibald Forrester, of Corstorphin, who by Margaret his wife» 
daughter of Hepburn, of , had J 

Alexander, iiis son and heir, in whose favour he resigned his estate 
anno 1482, reserving a life-rent to himself. He had to wife Margaret, 
aughter of Sir Duncan Forrester, of Gairden, master of the household in the 
reign of King James IV. ^ by whom he had 

Alexander Forrester, of Corstorpliin, his son and heir, who married 
Janet, daughter to Lauder, of Hatton, || by whom he had 

Sir James, his son, wlio succeeded him; but he dying without male 
issue, anno 1587,11 his estate fell to 

Henry his brother, who marrying Helen, daughter of Preston, 

©f Craigmiliar in vicecomitatu de Edinburgh, ** by her he had, 

George, his son and heir, who was first created Baronet by King 
Charles I. November 27th, 1625, and thereafter Lord forrater, July zzil, 
1633. f f He married Christian, daughter of Sir William Livingston, of Kil- 
syth, by whom he had several daughters, viz. 

Helen, married to William Lord Ross. 

Margaret, to John Shaw, of Sornbeg. 

, to Hamilton, of Grange. 

Jean, to James Baillie, of Torwood-head, son of lieutenant-general Wil- 
liam Baillie, in whose favour my Lord Forrester resigned the honour, and to 
the heirs of their body, which failing to his other heirs therein specified, 
which was ratified by King Charles 1 1, anno 1651, but he having no issue by 
her, the honour by virtue of the said entail, came to 

William Baillie, alias Forrester, of Torwoodhead, his brother, third 
Lord Forrester, who married also Lilias, the youngest daughter of George 
Lord Forrester, by whom he had 

W I L hi A.M,/our[/j Lord forrw/fr, who departed this life, anno 1705, leaving 

issue by his wife, daughter of Sir Andrew Birnic, of Saline, one of the 

senators of the college of justice, 

George, y?/>A Lord Forrester, who went into the army, signalized him- 
self in the government service at Preston, in Lancashire, anno I7i£, and was 
made colonel of the fourth troon of horse-guards. 



* Charta in Rotulis dicti Regis. 
+ Ibid. t Ibid. 

§ Ibid. II Ibid. 

H Charta in Cancellaria supremae Dominas Nostra; Reginas ad annuna 
1587. 

** Charta in Rotulis Jacobi VI. +t Charta in Registro. 



LORD VERULAM. 225 

Third, Charlotte, born January ]6th, 1778.' 

Jamrs Walter succeeded to the Scotch Barony of Lord For' 
tester, in Octobpr, 1808, on the death of Baroness Forrester, and 
succeeded his father as ll,scount Grimston and Lokd Verulam, 
on December 30th, 1808. 

His Lordship married on August 11th, I8O7, Lady Charlotte 
Jenkinson, daughter of Charles, late Earl of Liverpool, and has 
issue 

A son, born Febroary 20lh, 180(). 

Titles. James Walter Grimston, Viscount Grimston, Baron 
of Dunboyne in Ireland, Baron of Verulam in England, and Lord 
Forrester in Scotland. 

Creations Baronet March 2d, l628, 4 Car. L; Viscount 
Grimston, and Baron of Dunboyne in the county of Meath, June 
3d, 1719, 5 Geo. L J Baron of Verulam, July pth, 1790 3 and 
Baron Forrester, l663. 

He married Charlotte, daughter and co-heiress of Anthony Row, Esq. of 
the county of Oxford, by whom he l)ad two sons and two daughters. 

First, George, his heir. 

Second, William. 

Kis daughter Caroline married George Cockburn, of Ormiston, Esq. 
•omptrolierand one of the commissioners of the navy, who died 1770. 

Harriot, married Edward Walter, Esq. 

He was succeede^l by his eldest son, 

George, sixth Lord Forrester, who dy'm^ without issue, was succeeded 
by his brother, 

W^ I L L I A M, seventh Lord Forrester, who was a captain in the royal navy, 
but dying unmairied, anno 1748, he was succeeded by his next heir male, and 
first cousin, 

John (son of his uncle John) who became seventh Lord Forrester, and 
died unmarried 1763. 

He waj succeeded by Caroline, his aunt, Baroness Forrester- She died 
1784, and was succeeded by her only child, 

Anne, Baroness Forrester, who died unmarried in October iSc8. 

The honour then devolved on the Hon. Jam es Wal t er Grimston-, 
grandson of Mrs Harriot Walter, as above, who thus became Lord Forrester, 
and is now also Viscount Grimston, and Baron of Verulam. 

Arms. Quarterly, first aud fourth argent, three buffalo's horns sable, 
stringed gules, for the name of Forrester ; second and third azure, nine 
mullets or, for Baillie. 

Crest On a wreath, a talbot's head erazed argent 

Suppoiters. Two talbolsof the last 

Motto. Spero. 

Chief Seats. Were at Torwood in the shire of Stirling, and Corstorphine, 
within two miles of Edinburgh. 

i Ulster's Office. 
VOi. VIII. * 



226 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth argent, on a fess, sable, 
three mullets of six points pierced, or, and in the dexter chief an 
ermine spot, for Grimston, second and third argent, three buffalo's 
horns sable, stringed gules, for Forrester. 

Crest. On a wreath, a stag's head couped, proper, attired, or. 

Supporters. The dexter a stag, reguardant, proper, attired, 
as the crest. The sinister a gryphon, reguardant, or. 

Motto. Medfocria firm a. 

Chief Seats. Gorhambury in the county of Hertford, twenty- 
two miles from London j and Messing-Hall, otherwise Baynard's- 
Castle, near Colchester in Essex, forty-four miles from London. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 



227 




ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, LORD DOUGLAS 
OF DOUGLAS. 



His Lordship was adjudged by a final decree of the house of 
lords, in l/Sp* to be son and heir of Sir John Stewart, of Gran- 
tully, Bart, by Lady Jane Douglas, sister of the last Duke of 
Douglas, and nephew and heir to the said Duke, who died in 
1761 ; on which his dukedom became extinct; and his marqui- 
sate and other titles devolved on his next heir male, the Duke of 
Hamilton. (See title Brandon, vol. i. p. 51]). 

" If a long train of illustrious ancestors,'' says Douglas in his 
peerage, " distinguished by the highest titles, and connected with 
the most august and noble families, in Europe, can make any 
name remarkable and great, there is no subject can plead a higher 
claim than the Douglas ; but it is the least part of the glory of 
this family, that it has been honoured with alliances by marriage, 
into the first rank of nobility in Scotland, England, and France, 
even with crowned heads, having matched eleven times with the 
royal house of Scotland, and once with that of England: that 
besides the honours conferred on them by their own sovereigns, 
they have been Dukes of Turenne, Counts of Longuevillcj and 
Marshals of France. They were more distinguished by their virtue 
and merit than by their titles and opulency, and the lustre of their 
actions outshone the splendour of their birth. Hence we see 
them leading the van of our armies in Scotland ; supporting, by 
their valour, the kingdom and crown of France, tottering on the 
head of Charles VIE when reduced to the last extremity by the 
bravery of the English; raising the siege of Danbrick, for which 
they had the highest honours conferred upon them ; conquering 



228 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

the Saracens in Spain ; with many other acts of military glory, 
that have made this family renowned through all the corners of 
Euroiie, for which we must refer to onr historians." 

William de Douglas, was created Dominus de Douglas, by 
King Malcolm Canmore, 1057. 

His son, Sir John, dying about 1 145, was succeeded by his 
son. 

Sir Wii LiAM, whose son, 

Archibald, was a man of vast estate, and in great favour 
with King Alexander II., he died about 1240. His son. 
Sir William, died 12/6. His son, 

Hugh, distinguished himself at the battle of Largis, under 
King Alexander III and conquered Haco, King of Norway, who 
had invaded Scotland, 12u3. 

His brother and heir, William, was called TViliiam. the 
Hardy : he was the companion of the valorous exploits of Sir 
William Wallace J was governor of Berwick, 12^5; and would 
never swear fealty to the English, who took him prisoner, and 
kept him seven years in captivity, in which situation he died in 
England, 1303. His son, 

James, Lord Douglas, called The Good, was one of the most 
eminent heroes of his time, and laid the foundation of the future 
greatness of the house of Douglas. " The Saxon families," says 
Walter Scott, '' who fled froai the exterminating sword of the 
conqueror, with many of tlie Normans them.selves, whom dis- 
content and in'estine feuds hdd driven into exile, began to rise 
into eminence on the Scotish borders. They brought with them 
arts both of peace and war, unknown in Scotland ; and among 
their descendants we soon number the most powerful border 
chiefs. Such, during the reign of the last Alexander, were 
Patrick, Earl of March, and Lord Soulis, renowned in tradition ; 
and such were also the powerful Comyns, who early acquired the 
principal way upon the Scotish marches. In the civil wars 
betwixt Bruce and Baliol, all those powerful chieftains espoused 
the unsuccessful party. They were forfeited and exiled ; and 
upon their ruins was founded the formidable house of Douglas. 
The borders, from sea to sea, were now at the devotion of a suc- 
cession of mighty chiefs, whose exorbitant power threatened to 
put a new dynasty upon the Scotish throne. It is not my inten- 
tion," he adds, '' to trace the dazzling career of this race of 
heroes^ whose exploits were alike formidable to the English, and 



LORD DOUGL\S. 229 

to their «!nverei::n." =» This J;imes, Lord Douglas, was a constant 
adl)eiMit ti) Kng Rob' rt Biuce. In June ] JI4, he commanded 
the left wing oftlie Sv^otish army, at the battle of Bannockburn. 
He was waidm of the marches towards England. He it was 
who undertook a journey to Jerusalem with King Ro ert's heart, 
in contbimity to a vow made by that monarch ; in w hi^■h service 
he fell J for having interred the heart at the Holy S-^pulchre, he 
joined the King of Arragon against the inridcls, and was killed in 
Spain, August '3l^t, 1331, after having bren thiricen times victo- 
rious agdnst tl)e Turks and Saracens. For this str\ ice he had 
added to his armorial bearing, a>gent, a man's heart, gules, eri' 
sign d will nji itn pi-rial crown, proper. He died without legiti- 
mate i^sue; but his natural son is said to have been progenitor of 
some con^ideraole families of the name in France. 

His brother anJ heir, Hugh, an inactive man, was succeeded 
by his nephew, 

William, (son oi Archibald, his brother, who lost his life in 
the service of his country, at the battle ot Haliuon-hill, 1333.) 
This Wiliiam was created EarZ of Douglas, 1340\ hi 1356, he 
was at the battle of Poictiers, where he narrowly escaped being 
taken prisoner by the Black Prince. " Upon the death of 
David n." Piiikerton says, " he unexpectedly claimed the crown, 
as uniting in himself the dubiou'^ pretensions of Comyn, and the 
solid title of Balio!. Yet the claim was no soone- made than 
withdrawn Our elder historians assert that the strong interests 
of the Enrls of Dunbar and Murray, and the yet stronger of Sir 
Robert Erskine, keeper of the castles of Dunbarton, Edinburgh, 
and Stirling, appearing decided for the Steward, induced Douglas 
to resign his expectation ; while the historians of the house of 
Douglas ascribe the desertion of the claim to its own friends." 
He was, in 1373, appointed custos marchiarum, with power to 
settle all debates between the Douglases and Percies of Northum- 
berland : he died 1384. 

Genealogists give him three wives, by each of whom he had 
a son. 

First, Margaret, sister and sole heir of Thomas, Eail of Mar, 
by whom he had 

James, son and heir. 

Secondly, Margaret, daughter of Patrick, Earl of March, by 
whom they say he had 

» Minstrelsy of Scotch Bord. vol. i. p. 6. 



230 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Archibald the Grirn, third Earl, but whom Sir David Dal- 
rymple contends to have been an usurper. 

Thirdly, Margaret, daughter and heir of Thomas Stuart, Earl 
of Angus, by whom he had 

George, first Earl of Angus of that name, 

James, second Earl of Douglas, was that memorable warrior, 
who fell in the celebrated battle of Otterburn, on July 3 1st, 
1388. " 1 die, like my forefathers," said the expiring hero, " in 
a field of battle, and not on a bed of sickness. Conceal my death, 
defend my standard, and avenge my fall ! It is an old prophecy, 
that a dead man shall gain a field, and I hope it will be accom- 
plished this night." '' 

Archibald the Grim, (his half-brother, according to most 
authors,) succeeded as third Earl of Douglas ; he died 1400, and 
was succeeded by his son 

Archibald, ybwr^A Earl; he was a man of distinguished 
valour, and had the command of the Scotch forces sent to the as- 
sistance of France against the English, for which Charles VII. 
invested him with the duchy of Turenne, and made him Marshal 
of France, He fell in the battle of Vernoil, August /th, 1425. 

His son, Archibald, w^?, fifth Earl. " There cannot," says 
Pinkerton, " be a stronger proof of the ignorance of our early 
writers, concerning the reign of James II. than their assertion that 
the powerful Earl of Douglas was neglected, while it is known 
from authentic records, that he held the high office of lieutenant- 
general of the kingdom, and even summoned a parliament He 
died 1439, and was succeeded by his son, a youth, whose years 
did not exceed fourteen, and were too immature to support the 
dignities of his father." 1 

This son was William, sixth Earl. " The power of the 
house of Douglas," according to Pinkerton, " nad arisen to a 
formidable height, and was, during this reign, to contend with 
the royal authorities. Galloway, Annandale, and other extensive 
territories in Scotland, the duchy of Touraine and lordship of 
Longueville in France, rendered to the chief of that family revenues 
perhaps equivalent to those of the Scotish monarch. The young 
Earl, now in his sixteenth year, possessed the impetuous spirit 
and haughtiness, natural to his age and fortunes. His highest 

b See a minute and interesting account of this battle in Pinkerton's very 
valuable and recondite History of Scotland. See also the ballads and notes 
in Percy's Reliques, and Scott's Minstrelsy, 



LORD DOUGLAS. 23 i 

title, that of Touraincj which a weak regency had permitted the 
house to assume, and which impolicy had not applied to the 
French King to discontinue, emboldened the Douglas to regard 
higaself as a foreign Prince, independent of the laws of his country. 
The prudence of age might have induced a concealment of pomp 
and power, from the fear of envy and danger j but, in the arro- 
gance of youth, William, Earl of Douglas, displayed a constant 
train of one thousand horse, and a dazzling magnificence in his 
household ; nay, he would even create knights, and hold courts 
in imitation of parliaments. The Chancellor, who by his office 
was chiefly cliarged to see the due execution of the laws, was irri- 
tated at the insults offered to them by the power of Douglas. In- 
stead of bearing with the young Earl's insolence, in the hopes 
that a few years would infuse moderation and prudence into his 
conduct; instead of secretly raising the King's influence with the 
court of France, that the foreign titles and possessions might be 
withdrawn from the family, Crichton resolved to cut otfthe Earl 
and his brother ; a measure, which might perhaps have admitted 
some apology, had they been advanced to maturer age ; tor it 
seems strictly equitable that an opposcr, who is above the proce- 
dure of justice, may be sacrificed to the laws, without any proce- 
dure of justice; but which, while we consider the tender age of 
the oftenders, must be pronounced unjust, murderous, and tyran- 
nical. Nay, v\ hen the consequences are seen, this act will appear 
weak and impolitic, and will incur the bitterest charge of depra- 
vity, that of ineflectual guilt. By plausible invitations and 
flatteries, William, Earl of Douglas, his brother David, and Mal- 
colm Fleming of Cumbernauld, a faithful adherent to the family, 
were inveigled into the castle of Edinburgh, and after an insi- 
dious entertainment, and a brief and desultory trial, were be- 
headed. The Earldom of Douglas fell to his uncle, the next heir 
male, 

James, Lord of Alercorn, surnamed The Gross, who became 
seventh Earl, a prudent and peaceable man, but who unfortu- 
nately enjoyed his title only two years, and left a turbulent 
son, 

WiULiAM, the third of that name, eighth Earl. The unen- 
tailed estates of Galloway, Wigton, Balvcnic, Ormond, and Annan- 
dale, were inherited by Margaret, sister of the murdered Earl, 
commonly called the Fair Maid of Galloway , who wedded her 
cousin, the third V/illiam, hereby restoring the house of Douglas 
to all its power. The want of wisdom in the government, upon 



232 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

this occasion, exceeds all belief; but it is easier to commit « 
murder, than to perform an action of common prudence, and 
Crime ought never to infer ability. Margaret was apparently a 
ward of the crown ; at any rate, the new Earl, William, and the 
heiress, were within the degrees of consanguinity, and she was 
forced to apply secretly to the Pope for a dispensation, which not 
arriving so speedily as he hoped, he married her on Good Friday, 
in the time of Lent, a day and period esteemed as unlawful as the 
marriage. The opposition to this connection ought to have been 
cogent 3 the pretexts for annulling it were just ; but for this un- 
accountable neglect, the regency, the nation, the King, were 
afterwards sufficiently to suffer."^ " By the common course of 
human nffairs, the young King detested the controul of Livingston 
and Crichton, and the numerous friends of the house of Douglas 
were successful in sharpening his resentment against those stern 
guardians, who had held him in captivity, Hud in turning his affec- 
tion to the Earl of Douglas, whose youth was more congenial 
with that of the King, and whose power could irresistibly enforce 
the royal designs." " Douglas procured a parliament to be held, 
in which Crichton and Livingston were denounced rebels, and 
their estates forfeited." " Meanwhile the disorders of the country 
increased, under the mismanagement of Douglas, and caused even 
the regency of Crichton and Livingston to be regretted." About 
1446, " the Earl of Douglas was created lieutenant-general of 
the kingdom, an office of extreme power, which had been held 
by one of his predecessors at the commencement of this reign. 
He was resolved on the perdition of the family of Livingston, 
which had only done its duty to the King and kingdom, by op- 
posing the exorbitant influence of the house of Douglas." In 
1448, he obtained a victory over the English, at the battle of 
Sark. The Scots then entered England, and ravaged the country 
as far as Newcastle. But " the victories of Douglas had afibrded 
little compensation to Scotland for his tyranny and oppression, 
which seemed to increase in proportion to the continuance of his 
power. For him and his followers there was no law, and the 
country groaned under the most destructive anarchy. But the six 
heavy years of his authority were soon to expire; and difierenr 
circumstances were alre;)dy preparing to lessen his influence." 
" The perdition of the aiistocratic and tyrannic house of Douglas, 
was to be a spirited exertion of justice to the monarch and to his 

e Pinkerton's History of Scotland, vol. i. p. iqj. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 23 5 

people." " It would appear that the office of lieutenant-general 
of the kingdom, wanted little of being a sole regency. This dan- 
gerous dignity certainly fell soon after the marriage of the Kingj 
and Douglas retired from the court, attended with the execrations 
of the people." " Di'gusted at the loss of his power, and wishing 
to display his pomp in foreign countries, he passed to the jubilee 
at Rome with a train of six knights, fourteen gentlemen, and 
eighty attendants. In his absence, many complaints were made 
against the insolence of his attendants. Upon his return from 
Rome, he sent a submissive message to the King ; and, as he 
could not in equity be reputed guilty of events, which happened 
during his absence, and for which a sufficient punishment had 
been taken, he was gmciously received." " Meanwhile, he pro- 
ceeded in his disorderly and treasonable practices. He attempted, 
as it is said, to assassinate Crichton, who escaped, and afterwards 
had nearly surprised Douglas, then lodging in Edinburgh with a 
small train." 

The Earl " now entered into a grand measure, which threat- 
ened destruction to the King and kingdom : he confederated with 
several potent nobles, in a mutual defence against every injury. 
The monarch dissembled j but au incident soon occurred, which 
hastened the execution of his vengeance. '' It was then resolved, 
in order to avoid the horrors of a civil war, that Douglas should 
be inveigled into court by flattery, and upon pretences that the 
King forgave his past enormities, and only desired him to reform 
his future cor.duct." The pian succeeded : the Earl was pre- 
vailed upon to visit the court, at the castle of Stirling. After 
supper, the King taking him apart into a secret chamber, where 
only some of the privy-council and the guard were in attendance, 
mildly informed him that he had heard of the league with Craw- 
ford and other nobles, and desired him to break such illegal en- 
gagements. Douglas proudly refused, and had the arrogance to 
upbraid the King with his pr^^^cdures against him, which had 
forced him, as he asserted, to form this confederacy. The sense 
of repeated insults, :uid of an outrageous contempt of his autho- 
rity, conspired \^ith tiie present personal affront, to kindle a flame 
of instantaneous fury ; and ihf monarch exclaiming, '* If you 
will not break llils league, by God I shall, drew his dagger, and 
stabbed Do'iglas, Sir Patrick Gray then struck the Earl with a 

<* See it in Piiikerton, &c. 



234 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

battle-axe, and the wound was instantly mortal." This hap- 
pened 1 ebruary 13th, 1452. 

James, his brother, became ninth Earl. " He appears," says 
Walter Scott, " neither to have possessed the abilities, nor the 
ambition of his ancestors. He drew, indeed, against his Prinr e, 
the formidable sword of Douglas, but with a timid, and hesitat- 
ing hand. Procrastination ruined his cause ; and he was deserted 
at Abercorn by the knight of Cadyow, chief of the Hamiltons, 
and by his most active adherents, after they had inefFeclually ex- 
horted him to commit his fate to the issue of a battle. The 
border chiefs, who longed for independence, shewed little incli- 
nation to follow the declining fortunes of Douglas. On the con- 
trary, the most powerful clans engaged, and defeated him at 
Arkinholme, in Annandale, when, after a short residf nee in Eng- 
land, he again endeavoured to gain a footing in his native country. 
The spoils of Douglas were liberally distributed amongst his con- 
querors, and royal grants of his forfeited domains effectually in- 
terested them in excluding his return. An attempt on the east 
borders," by the Percy and the Douglas both together, " was 
equally unsuccessful. The Earl, grown old in exile, longed once 
more to see his native country, and vowed that upon St. Magda- 
len's day, he would deposit his offering on the high altar at Loch- 
maben. Accompanied by the banished Earl of Albany, with his 
usual ill-fortune he entered Scotland. The borderers assembled 
to oppose him, and he suffered a final defeat at Barnswork, in 
Dumfrieshire. The aged Earl was taken in the fight, by a son 
of Kirkpatrick of Clo.-;ebarn, one of his own vassals. A grant of 
lands had been offered for his person ; ' Carry me to the King,' 
said Douglas to Kirkpatrick, * thou art well entitled to profit by 
my misfortune, for thou wast true to me, whilst I was true to 
myself.' The young man wept bitterly, and offered to fly with 
the Earl into England, But Douglas, weary of exile, refused 
his proffered liberty, and only requested that Kirkpatrick would 
not deliver him to the King, till he had secured his own reward. 
Kirkpatrick did more, he stipulated for the personal safety of his 
old master. His generous intercession prevailed ; and the last of 
the Douglases was permitted to die in monastic seclusion, in the 
abbey of Lindores." * " In this reireat," says Pinkerton, 

e Minstrelsy, vol i p. 7. 



LORD DOUGLAS. - 235 

*' Douglas, perhaps, first knew happiness ; and died after four 
years of penitence and peace," ^ April 15th, 1488. 

" After the fall of the house of Douglas," continues Scott, 
*' no one chieftain appears to have enjoyed the same extensive 
supremacy over the Scotish borders. The various Barons, who 
had partaken of the spoil, combined in resisting a succession of 
uncontrouled domination. The Earl of Angus alone seems to 
have taken rapid steps in the same course of ambition, which had 
been pursued by his kinsmen and rivals, the Earls of DDUglas." 

George Douglas, ^r^^ Earl of Angus, was only son of Wil- 
liam, first Earl of Douglas, by Margaret, his third wiff, daughter 
and heir of Thomas Stuart, Earl of Angus. He accompanied his 
cousin, the Earl of Douglas, to the battle of Homildon, where 
he was taken prisoner, and soon after died, in 1402, leaving his 
son, 

William, second Earl of Angus, who was warden of the 
middle marches, 1433, and commanded at the battle of Piper- 
dam, where the Scots obtained a victory over the English led by 
Percy, 1436. His son, 

James, third Earl of Angus, was succeeded by his brother, 
George, fourth Earl, who, in 1449, was made warden of the 
east and middle marches, and had the chief command of the 
King's forces during the Earl of Douglas's rebellion, which he 
suppressed in 1455, and upon that Earl's forfeiture, obtamed a 
grant of the whole lands and lordship of Douglas, by a charter, 
1457. " There appears to be some doubt," says Walter Scott, 
"■ whether in this division the Earl of Angus received more than 
his natural right. If Archibald the Grim intruded into the 
Earldom of Douglas, without being a son of that family, it follows 
that the house of Angus, being kept out of their just rights for 
more than a century, were only restored to them after the battle 
of Arkinholme. Perhaps this may help to account for the eager 
interest taken by the Earl of Angus against his kinsman." He 
took the side oi Lancaster, in England, while the Earl of Douglas 
espoused the York interest. He died 1462, and was succeeded by 
his son, 

Ab.cuiba'ld, ffth Earl, then only nine years old, who was 
also warden of the east and middle marches. He was one of the 
leaders against his sovereign, James IIL in 1488. As late as the 



( Pinkerton, vol i. p. 517, where see many moie interesting particulars 
of this Earl. 



236 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

fatal battle of Floddon, he is said to have been active in dissuad- 
ing the King from that unfortunate contest, fir which some his- 
torians have taxed him with cowardice and disloyalty, more espe- 
cially as he was absent on that day ; but his great age and inhr- 
mities were a suffi lent excuse for non-attendance j and two 
hundred of his name and followers are said to have fallen on that 
bloody day, September 9th, 1513. Oppressed with years and 
soirow for tbat dreadful issue, tor the loss of his country, the fate 
of his two sons, and of so many of his family, he retired to a re- 
ligious house, and died the beginning of the year following, 
1514. 

His son, George, ^ master of Jngus, having thus fallen at 
Floduon field, the Earl was succeeded by his grandson, 

Archibald, sixth Earl, called Archibald Bed-the-Cat, who 
makes a very conspicuous figure in the History of Scoiland. He 
" was at once vi^arden of the east and middle marches, Lord of 
■ Liddisdale, and Jedwood forest, and possessed of the strong castles 
of Douglas, Hermitage, andTantallon." " James IV. a monarch 
of a vigorous and energrtic character, was well aware of the 
danger, which his ancestors had experienced from a powerful and 
overgrown family. Upon the waxing power of Angus, he kept 
a wary eye ; and, embracing the occasion of a casual slaughter, 
he compelled that i:-arl and his son to exchange the lordship of 
Liddisd;ile, and the castle of Hermitage, for the castle and lord- 
ship of JJothwell. By this policy he prevented the house of 
Angus, mighty as it w.;s, liom rising to the height, whence the 
elder branch of tneir family had been hurled." In 1514, " to the 
surprise and regiet of all ranks," say^^ Pinkerton, " Margaret 
(^Tudor, widow of James IV.) hardly recovered from the languor 
of childbirth, suddenly wedded the Ear/ q/" ^wcr^j. This preci- 
pitate step was ruinous to her ambition, as of itself by the royal 
will, and by the law of the country, it terminated her regency. 
In the progress of time, however, various incidents contributed 
to restore her power j and she continued to attract great attention 
by the splendour of her birth and former station, by the art of her | 
intrigues, and by the boldness of her talents. The nobility of 
Scotland were, at this period, little remarkable for natural abili- 
ties, and far less for those, which depend on learning ; the clergy 
had en'^rossed all chat belongs to acquired knowledge, and political 
sagacity ; but amongst the Scotish nobles, Angus was, perhaps, 

: Gawen Douglas, the poet, bishop of Dunkcld, was a younger sen. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 237 

the most uninformed, and unfit for his dangerous elevation ; for 
his royal marriage proiiipt(-d him to assume much of the vacant 
governmr'nt, and tiie Quern's fondness stcondid his ambition. 
E'cperience and maturer age, displayed him in a dilFereut light; 
but at this time, his years and his instruction partook of puerility. 
A birth, distinguished by an ancestry of heroes, opulent posses- 
sions, and potent vassalry, above ail, a person blooming with 
youth and elegance, transported the woman, while they ruined 
the Queen ; and bittrr and speedy was the repentance. " 

When Albany assumed the regency, Angus and his Queen 
were gradually driven by acts of cruelly and oppression to Eng- 
land. The next year, 151 6, " Angus and Home finding them- 
selves neglected by the English King, and deprived, by the con- 
clusion of a treaty, of any open aid from England, resolved, with- 
out \he Queen's knowledge, to accommodate their affairs with 
Albany ; who now affected great lenity, and assented to admit 
them to their former honours and possesMons. They accordingly 
returned to Scotland, and resided in a quiet manner on their 
e-itates. The Queen, now confined by a long illness, at Mor- 
peih, never pardoned, and never could pardon this shocking and 
disgraceful defection of her husband, the inhumanity of which 
was, if poss.ble, increased by her situation on a bed of sickness ; 
and this was the real cause of that lasting enmity, which our his- 
torians, ignorant of this circumstance, impute to an amour of 
Angus. Margaret's determination of proceeding to her brother's 
court, instead of returning to Scotland, was a strong motive to 
this step; as Angus and Home regarded her resolution as a dere- 
liction of any claim to the Scotish government, and in mere pru- 
dence could not be much blamed for not sacrificing all their for- 
tunes to a cause confessed to be desperate. The Queen after- 
wards went to the English court; where she was received with 
the distinction, respect, and tenderness, due to her talents, her 
station, and her misfortunes : nor was it an usual spectacle to be- 
hold her, and ht-r sister Mary, the widow of Louis XI 1. embrac- 
ing each other after an equal fatality." 

In 1518, " the discord between the factions of Angus and 
Arran continued to increase; but the former was somewhat 
weakened by the want of confidence between the Queen and her 
husband. She h^id behaved with the attention, if not with the 
affection of a wite, since her return ; and had even pawned and 
sold her jewels and plate, to support his interest, his personal pro- 
fusion being great. Bat not contented with wasting lier property. 



238 FEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

he wounded both her love and her pride by vague amours, parti- 
cularly with a lady of Douglasdale, a daughter of Stuart of Traq- 
hair, according to some, whom his violent passion had secluded 
from her friends, and by whom he had a daughter, Jane Douglas, 
afterwards wedded to Patrick, Lord Ruthven, The Queen, stung 
with this new disgrace, which revived and increased the latent, 
but deep, wound inflicted by his former abrupt and cruel dere- 
liction of her sick-bed in England, now spoke of a divorce. But 
Henry, sensible that such a step would be ruinous to his interests 
in Scotland, endeavoured by threats and persuasions to deter her, 
A reconciliation was effected; but it was insincere, and after seven 
years inquietude, a divorce often threatened, was at length to di- 
vide this unhappy marriage." 

In 1521, Angus and his party again fled from Edinburgh and 
the power of Albany to the borders, in great dismay; from 
whence he implored the protection of Henry. But disgusted 
with his dubious residence on the English frontier, had recourse 
to the Queen's mediation with Albany, gained perhaps by his 
promise to consent to a divorce; and tlie regent pardoned him 
on condition that he should exile himself to France, from whence 
he did not return till July, 1524. He soon after, under English 
influence, went back to Scotland. Henry's ministers thought 
" he would at least prove a check upon the Queen's conduct, he 
being so much beloved in Scotland at this period, that his influ- 
ence, like the ancient power of his house, rather passed the limits 
of a subject ; and he earnestly desired to revisit his native country, 
which an absence of two years and an half had only more en- 
deared to his ambition. The power now passed to the Chancellor, 
and Angus, though Margaret retained her nominal authority for 
lifiore thin twelvemonths after this period : to Angus she affected 
kindness, but solely with a view to persuade him to consent to a 
divorce, the object of her endeavours fur seven years. Henry, 
disapproving his sister's conduct, drove her, by his reproaches, 
into the interests of France. " Angus, who appears to have re- 
tained his high honour of husband to the Queen, solely with a 
view to enjoy her revenues, finding that this usurpation was not 
to be continued without forfeiting Henry's favour, at length con- 
sented to the divorce, which was pronounced by the Chancellor 
at St. Andrews, upon the vain ground of a previous promise of 
marriage by Angus to another lady, while all the nation knevr 
that solid grounds of separation arose from the adulteries of 
both. 



LORD DOUGLAS, 239 

Hardly was the divorce pronounced, before Margaret wedded 
Henry Stuart, her paramour, (younger son of Lord Evandale), 
afterwards to be created Lord Mcthven." This was in 1520. 
" The precipitate marriage of Margaret ruined her influence j 
and Arran had abandoned her desperate cause, to join the Chan- 
cellor his relation and Angus, 

The ancient power of the Douglases seemed now to have re- 
vived, and, after a slumber of near a century, again to threaten 
destrnctiiin to the Scotish monarchy." " Offices were crowded 
upon the house of Douglas ; Sir Archibald Douglas of Kilspindy, 
uncle to Angus, was appointed lord treasurer; and Sir George 
Douglas, master of the royal household." 

In 1528, " the plot of the King's liberation from the odious 
power of the Douglases was formed, but proceeded with the secret 
force of a subterraneous river, till it burst forth with the fury of a 
cataract." In July, James having ordered preparations for a 
solemn hunting, escaped to Stirling in the disguise of a groom, 
Angus and his brothers were now attainted} and his estates given 
as spoils to his enemies. The Earl and his brother. Sir George, 
were forced to England, where they resided during the remainder 
of this reign, the Earl being admitted to the English privy-council, 
and continuing to be highly favoured by Henry : nor did they 
revisit Scotland till the second year of Mary's minority, after an 
exile of fifteen years ; but no longer was a Douglas to be dan- 
gerous to the Scotish throne." 

Henry pensioned the Earl, in 1532, for his services against 
his country. The next year, " Angus and his brother. Sir 
George, on the part of England," shone like destructive meteors, 
and blasted the Scotish territory by their presence, or proximity. 
In this inroad, they took the old fort called Cawmyl, two miles 
from Berwick. In 1542, after many small incursions of the 
borderers on both sides, " Sir Robert Bowes," continues Pin- 
kerton, " instigated by the odious Angus, and Sir George Douglas, 
Avho attended him in the expedition against their country, en- 
tered Scotland at the head of 3000 cavalry, proposing to ravage 
the frontiers, and destroy Jedburgh, now emergent from its ruins. 
But they were met at Haddenrig, by Huntley and Home, and 
completely defeated. Angus was taken, but escaped the due 
punishment of his manifold treasons^ by using his dagger against 
the captor." 

In 1543, his attainder was repealed, and he was restored to 
all his honours and estates; and died at his castle of Tantallon, in 



240 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

1556. His only daughter and heir, Margaret, married Matthew, 
Earl of Lennox, and was mother of Henry, Lord Darnley, hus- 
band of Queen Mary. 

He was succeeded, as seventh Earl, by his nephew, David, 
(son of his brother, Sir George,) who dying 1588, was succeeded 
by his son, 

Archibald, eight Earl, who was appointed warden of the 
marches, in \5''6 ; and, afterwards, lord lieutenant of the borders. 
He died without surviving issue j and, as it seems, in the same 
year with his father. 

He was succeeded by the next heir male. Sir William 
Douglas, oi Glenberv'ie, (son of Sir Archibald Douglas, of Glen- 
beme, son of Sir William Douglas, of Braidwood, or Glenbervie, 
who was second son of Archibald, fifth Earl, and uncle of Archi- 
bald, Bell-the-Cat, sixth Earl, 

This William became ni/z^A Earl of Angus, and is said to have 
embraced the party of Queen Mary, and been a great promoter 
of the reformation J he died 159 1, and was succeeded by his 
son, 

William, tenth Earl, who, in 1502, joined the conspiracy of 
the popish lords, in f.ivour of Spain ; and the next year v.':is seized, 
and committed to Edinburgh castle, but escaped out of prison, 
and retired to the mountains. He then fled to France, where he 
died a religieuse, and was buried in the church of St. Germaines, 
\Q\Q. His son, 

William, became eleventh Earl, and, on the accession of 
Charles L was appointed commander in chief, and lieutenant of 
the borders, and was advanced to the i\\\QO^ Marquis of Douglas, 
June l/th, 1633. He distinguished himself on the King's side, 
in the b;Utle of Philiphaugh, where he was afterwards taken pri- 
soner, and suffered many hardships under Cromwell. 

His son, by his second marriage, was created Duke of Ha- 
milton, in consequence of his marrying the heiress of that family. 
b'or him see title Brandon, vol. i. p. 511. 

My Lord Marquis surviving all our intestine commotions, 
which were not a few, the detail of which I need not at this 
time enter into ; he at last gave way to fate in a good advanced 
age, in the spring of the year lOu'O '' 

James succeeded his grandfr.ther in the honour ; he was 
•worn one of the privy-council to King Charles H. about lOp'O, 

h Mr. Simson's Essay on the family of Douglas. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 241 

and so continued to two succeeding Kings, for the space of thirty 
years, even to his death. He married, first, Barbara, daughter of 
John, Earl of Mar, by whom he had a son, 

James Lord Angus, a very brave youth, who engaging early 
in the wars, signalized his courage upon every occasion that 
offered itself, especially at the battle of Stenkirk, where he was 
unfortunately slain, August 3d, i6q2, in his twenty-first year, 
generally lamented, being a nobleman of great hopes and expec- 
tations^ and would have been an honour and ornament to his 
country, had not an untimely death too soon deprived his illus- 
trious family of the great advantages it might have reaped by his 
enjoyment of a longer life. 

His Lordship married to his second wife, Mary, daughter of 
Robert, Marquis of Loihian, by whom he had 

Archibald, his son and heir. 

And a daughter, Lady Jane, married to John Stewart, Esq. 
afterwards Sir John Stewart, of GrandtuUy, Bart, by whom she 
had two sons; first, Archibald, now Lord Douglas; second, 
ShoUo, who died young. 

He departed this mortal life in a most christian manner, and 
with an entire resignation to the will of the Creator, on February 
25th, 1/00, at the age of fifty-four, and was interred at Douglas 
without any funeral solemnity. 

Archibald, twelfth Earl of Douglas, created Duke of Douglas, 
a young nobleman of great hopes, succeeded his father at six 
years old ; and her Majesty Queen Anne was pleased, in the 
Rin-th year of his age, to augment his Lordship's honours by 
creating him Duke of Douglas, on April 18th, 1703. The rea- 
sons for bestowing the honour upon him, are thus set forth in the 
preamble to his patent. 

Quod nos in Regio nostro animo revolventes fidelissimum et 
dilectissimum no-trum Consangjuineum Archibaldum Marchionem 
de Douglass, ex familia nobili et illustri ortom esse, et a progeni- 
toribus qui maximae fiduciae munia illis concredlta immaculata 
viriute et singular! fide obierunt, quique ob res ab illis clarissime 
gestis, Eegium diadema tuendo et sustentando summis honoris et 
dignitatis titulis per nostros Regios predecessores exornati fuerunt: 
nos quoque hujus maxime memoies e^ cupidae per ulteriorem ho- 
noris additionem dictum Archibaldum Marchionem de Douglass 
ejusque heredibus masculis ipsius corporis, sibi animum addere, 

VOL. VXJI. R 



242 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

ut nobiles suos predeeessores imitetur ; Noveritis igitur nos fecisse, 
constituisse, creasse et inaugurasse Archibaldum Marchionem de 
Douglass Ducem de Douglass, Marchionem de Angus et Aber- 
nethy, Vicecomitem de Jedburgh Forrest Dominum Douglass de 
Bonckle, Prestoun, et Robertoun. 

His Grace married Margaret, daughter of James Douglas, of 
Mains, Esq. a cadet of the house of Morton ; but died without 
issue, July 21st, 176I ; having for many years before led a re- 
tired life. 

On September pth, 1761, Archibald Stewart, Esq. only sur- 
viving son of his sister Lady Jane, was returned heir of line and 
provision to his uncle Archibald, Duke of Douglas, but the Duke 
of Hamilton disputed this return^ on the ground of this birth 
being supposititious ; and the courts of Scotland determined in 
Hamilton's favour. An appeal was made to the House of Lords ; 
and the judgment of the Scotch courts was reversed in January, 
1769. This cause (known so well by the name of the Douglas 
€nuse) made a noise all over Europe, and is one of the most ex- 
traordinary that ever was litigated. 

Mr. Stewart' became thus entitled to the estates and name of 



i Nisbet, in his Heraldry, vol. ii. Appendix, p. ijz, has given the follow. 
ing account of the SieivartsofGrandtully. 

♦• The ancestor of the house oi Grandtully, from undeniable vouchers that 
are lying before the author of this memorial at the writing of this paper, and 
which may be depended on, was 

Alexander. Stewart, third son of Sir John Stewart, of I nnermeth 
and Lorn, brother to Robert, first Lord Lorn, and to Sir James Stewart, 
called the Black Knight of Lortit the ancestor of the first race of the Stewarts, 
Earls of Athol. This is clearly vouched from a charter belonging to Sir 
George Stewart, of GrandtuUy, Bart, and now in my hands, granted by 
*' Joannis de Haia dominus de Tullibothy, dilecto suo Alexandre Stuart filio 
nobilis viri Joannis Stuart, militis, Domini de Lorn, de omnibus ten is suis de 
Banchory, cum suis pertinentiis, jacen. infra vicecomitatuiii de Clackmanan, 
pro patrimonio inter prasdictum Alexandrum et Margaretam sonorem nieam, 
fideliter contrahendo et completando." The charter proceeds upon the resig- 
nation of Christian More,domina Bruntshiel, in her pure viduity, and bears date 
at Tillibody the 15th of July of the year 1416.* This deed is ratified and 
confirmed by Robert, Duke Albany, Earl of Fife and Moiueith, governor of 
Scotland in the minority of James I. He ratifies, ** donationem iilam et con- 



* Charta penes Dominum Georgium Stuart de Gairntully, Baronetum, 
Marked, No. I. in the inventory of his writs. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 243 

Douglas, and was created a British Peer by the title of Lord 
Douglas of Douglas Castle^ July pth, l/QO. 

eessionem quam quondam consanguineus noster Joannis de Haia de TillU 
bothy fecit et concessit Alexandra Senescalli (Stewart) filii dilecti consan- 
guine! nostri Joannis Senescalli de Lorn militis."' The charter has the Duke 
Regent's great seal, the seal of his office, appended to it, and bears date at 
Falkland the 19th of June, 1419.* 

This Alexander Stev7art, of Banchory, third son to Sir John Stewart, of 
Lorn, the first of the house of GrandtuUy by the aforesaid Margaret his wife, 
daughter of John Hay, of Tillibody, and sister to John Hay, of Tillibody, 
had a son, + 

Thomas Stewart, of Banchory and GrandtuUy, his heir and successor, 
who by his wife, daughter of , had a son Alexander. 

This Thomas comes to be designed oiGrandiuUy, for there is in the public 
registers a charter under the great seal, Thomae Stuart de Gairntully, of a 
part of the lands of Comrie in the year 1452. + This same Thomas Stewart 
is substitute in an entail of the estate of the Lord Lorn, and is designed his 
consanguineus: for vouching this, there is a charter under the great seal by 
King James II- dilecto consanguineo suo Joanni Domini Lorn, of the estate 
and lordship of Lorn, and to the heirs male of his body; which failing, to 
Allan Stewart, his brother; which failing, to William Stewart, his uncle; 
which failing. Domino Jacobo Stuart militi; which failing, Thomce Stuart 
consanguineo suo, who is the same Thomas Stewart of GrandtuUy, and to 
the heirs male of their bodies respective, of the v/hole estate and lordship of 
Lorn, in the 1452 aforesaid ; and that very same year, 1452, there is, \ve say, a 
charter under the great seal in the public records, ^ Thomas Stuart de Gairn- 
tully, of the half of the lands of Comrie which formerly belonged to Angus 
Menzies, and were resigned by him. This Thomas Stewart, of GrandtuUy, 
son and heir of Alexander Stewart, of Banchory, who was a son of Sir John 
Stewart, of Lorn, the second line and succession of the house of GrandtuUy. 
By Agnes, daughter of Sir William Murray, of TuUebardin, his wife, he had 
a son, 

Alexander Stewart, of GrandtuUy, the third in the line and succes- 
sion of the family. This is vouched and instructed from a deed in the 
custody of Sir George Stewart, of GrandtuUy, which I have seen, whereby 
Alexander Stewart, of GrandtuUy, is served and retoured heir in special to 
the deceased Thomas Stewart, of GrandtuUy, his father, in the lands of Ban- 
chory, lying within the sheriffdom of Clackmanan, and is of the date the 



* Charter in the hands of Sir George Stewart I have seen in the writing; 
this memorial. 

+ 1 have seen a charter, in the custody of the Countess of Errol, by 
Joannis de Haia de Tilibothy, Joannis de Logy domini ejusdem, in 1368, the 
father of this John de Hain in 1419- 

X In the registers of the great seal in the archives. 

^ Charter under the great seal in the public archives to Thomas Stewart? 
of GrandtuUy. 



241 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

His Lordship married, in June 177 1, Lucy, sister to the pre- 
sent Diike, and only daughter of William, fifth Marquis and 

14th of June of the year 1462. || This Alexander Stewart, of Giandtiilly, 
married Matilda Stewart, sister to Andrew Lord Evandale, and grandchild to 
Murdoch Duke of Albany, by James his son. 5 There is in the custody of 
Sir George Stewart, of Grandtully, and lying before me at the drawing up of 
this memorial, a charter granted by Alexander Earl of Huntley, as superior 
of the lands of Tillebody, " dilecto consanguineo suo Alexandro Stuart de 
GairntuUy et Matildse Stuart sponsas suae," of the lands of Banchrys, " in 
vicecomitatu de Clackmanan :" the charter is dated at Badenoch the i6th 
July, anno 1469. * By the foresaid Matilda, his svife, he had a son, who was 
his heir, viz. 

Thomas Stewart, of Grandtully, who was served and retoured heir in 
special to the deceased Alexander Stewart, of Grandtully, his father, in the 
lands of Banchrys, pursuant to a precept forth of the Chancery, dated the 
20th of January, 1488, still extant in the custody of Sir George Stewart, 
Bart, which I have seen and perused- 

This Thomas Stewart, of Grandtully, married Agnes, daughter to Sir 
William Murray, and sister to another Sir William Murray, of Tullibardin, 
ancestor to his Grace the present Duke of Athol, t by whom he had only one 
daughter, 

Elizabeth Stewart, his sole heir : she is designed Elizabetha Stuart 
Domina de GairntuUy, when in the year 1532, she gives a charter, with con- 
sent of Thomas Stewart, of Grandtully, her husband, out of the lands of 
Banchory, to Alexander Shaw, of Sauchie, the original of which I have seen 
in the custody of Sir John Shaw, of Greenock and Sauchie, Bart. 

This Lady, Elizabeth Stewart, of Grandtully, by the aforesaid Thomas 
Stewart, her husband, had a son, 

Thomas Stewart, whom she calls filius suus et hceres apparens, when 
she dispones him the fee of several parts of her estate, which is confirmed by 
a charter under the great seal in the public registers ; but he dying without 
issue, and his mother quickly thereafter, she was succeeded in the point of 
the succession of the house of Grandtully by hercousin-german, 

Thomas Stewart, of Grandtully. This is instructed incontrovertibly by 
a precept out of the Chancery, for serving and retouring of Thomas Stewart 
de GairntuUy in the lands of Banchory, " tanquam legitimus et propinquior 
hseres quondam Elizabethae Stuart, filiae et haeredis quondam Thomsc Stuart 
de GairntuU, filise patrui sui." This is of the date the 10th of February, 

15424 

This Thomas Stewart, of Grandtully, so succeeding his cousin-german, 



II Service as heir to Thomas Stewart, of Grandtully, his father. 
II Historical deduction of the descendants of Murdoch, Duke of Albany. 
MSS. penes me, 

* Charter penes D. Georgius Stuart, Bart. 

+ Ibidem ad annum 152J, which I have seen. 

t Charta penes D, G. S. de GairntuUy. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 2A5 

second Duke of Montrose, by whom (who died February 13th, 
1779) he had issue three sons. 

First, Archibald. 

Second, Charles. 



married Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of John, the second of that line of the 
Eaiis of Athol, § and dying in the year 1575, left issue 

Sir Thomas Stewart, ofGrandtulIy, his eldest son and heir, who was 
one 01 the gentlemen of the bed-chamber to his Majesty King James V L * 
He mariiel Gi issel, daughter of Sir Laurence Mercer, of Aldie and Moncloar, 
as appears from several different deeds I have seen in the hands of Sir George 
Stewart, of Grandtully ; bui he died wiihout issue, and was succeeded by his 
brother, 

Sir William Stewart, who was from hii youth bred up at the court of 
King James, before his accession to the crown of England. He was first de- 
signed of Banchry, lands which he acquired from Sir Thomas Stewart, of 
Grandtully, his brother-germain. He had the honour to be attending on the 
King his master fiom the palace of Falkland to the town of Perth, on the 
memorable 5th day of August 1600, when John Earl of Gowrie, and Mr, 
Alexander Ruthven, his brother, attempted to cmbrue their hands in the 
sacred blood of their sovereign. In his Majesty's happy preservation. Sir 
William Stewart, of Banchory, was eminently instrumental, + which his Ma- 
jesty King Charles I. had the goodness fully to set forth in the narrative and 
preamble of a charter to him of his estate, under the great seal, in the public 
records, in the year 1637, which I have seen. 

Sir William Stewart, of Banchory, went to England with the King, who 
soon thereafter promoted him to be one of the gentlemen of his Majesty's 
bed-chamber; and getting into a high degree of confidence and favour, he 
came cuickly to p.cquire the lauds and barony of Strathbrand, from whence he 
took his designaiion, and is so designed, and gentleman of our sovereign lord's 
chamber in ifioS, in several charters of lands under the great seal in the public 
archives which I have seen. He succeeded his elder brother. Sir Thomas, in 
t'le estate of Grandtully, and continued i:i high favour with King James till 
his death in the year loz;- Sir William Stewart, of Gairntully, was no less 
esteemed by his Majesty King Charles, than he had been by his father King 
James ; for he continued him in the bed-chamber, and always treated him 
with peculiar and distinguishing itiarks of his royal favour: witness the 
charter he had from the crown of his estate in 2637, wherein his long and 
faithful survices are very remaikably taken notice of and set forth. 

He married .'\gnes Monciieffi daughter of Sir John Moncrief of that ilk, a 
xery ancient family in the sliire of Perthj by Joan his wife, daughter of Mr. 



^ Charia in publicis archivis ad annum 1552, and the Lord Ochiltree's 
Coliections, MSS, penes me. 

* Grant to him in the records of the great seal and so designed. 

+ This is vouched both from writs 1 have seen in Gairntully's hands, 
and from seveial charters and documents in the public records. 



246 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

And, third, William, born March 2d, 1773, who died Fe- 
bruary 10th, 1780, 

And one daughter, Jane Margaret j married, November 22d, 
1804, Henry James, Lord Montagu, second son of Henry, Duke 
of Buccleuch, K. G. 

John Spence, of Condie, lord advocate to Queen Mary and King James VI. * 
by whom he had four sons, viz. 

First, Sir Thomas Stewart, of Grandtully, his eldest son. 

Second, Sir William Stewart, of Innernytie, who married -^— ^ 
Crichton, co-heiress of Innernytie, and had issue John Stewart, of Inner- 
nytie, his son and heir; John Stewart, of Innernytie, who married Mary, 
daughterof Sir James Mercer, of Aldie, and had one daughter, Anne, married 
to David Viscount Stormont. 

Third, James Stewart, of Ludd, whose male issue is failed, but of an heir 
female of him is come, and descended the Menzieses of Culdare, &c. 

Fourth, Mr. Henry Stewart, advocate, the paternal ancestor of Sir George 
Stewart, of Grandtully, Bart. 

Sir Thomas Stewart, of Grandtully, succeeded his father. Sir William, 
in his great and opulent estate; he married Grissel, daughter of Sir Alexander 
Menzies, of Weem, (son of Sir James Menzies, of Weem, and Dame Barbara 
Stewart, his wife, daughterof John Earl of Atholj by Dame Margaret Camp- 
bell, daughter and coheir of Alexander, of Carcko, Bishop of Brechin, brother 
to Sir James Campbell, of Ardkinlas, by Helen, his wife, daughter of George 
Clephan, of Carslogie, by whom he had John Stewart, his son and heir, and 
eight daughters. 

First, Jean, married to Colonel Sir James Mercer, of Aldie, and had 
issue. 

Second, Margery, to David Fotheringham, son and heir apparent of Mr. 
John Fotheringham, of Powrie, and had issue. 

Third, Grissel, to Sir John Drummond, of Logic Almond, second son to 
John, second Earl of Perth, and had issue. 

Fourth, Anne, to James Seaton, of Touch, and had only one daughter, 
who was married to James Moir, of Leckie, and had issue. 

Fifth, Cecil, was married to Stewart, of Arntillie, but had no 

issue. 

Sixth, Margaret, to ■ Campbell, son to Campbell, of 

Lawers, and had issue. 

Seventh, Helen, to James Crichton, of Ruthven, and had issue 

Eighth, Elizabeth, to David, the second Lord Newark, and had issue. 

John Stewart, of Grandtully, son and heir of Sir Thomas Stewart, of 
Grandtully, succeeded his father. He was a fine gentleman and a great en- 
courager and promoter of learning, and a kind and bountiful patron of learned 
men. He died a bachelor on the 5th of March, 1720 ; upon whose demise, 

John Stewart of Innernytie, his heir male, by virtue of the investitures of 
the estate, would have succeeded to the estate of Grandtully; but he being at- 
tainted of high treason by an act of the parliament of Great Britain, for his 
accession to the rebellion in 1715, Grandtully upon that made a settlement of 

* Penes Sir George Stewart. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 247 

His Lordship married^ secondly. May 13th, 1783, Lady 
Frances Scott, sister to the present Duke of Buccleuch, Knight of 
the Garter, by whom he has issue 

Four sons and two daughters. 

His Lordship is lord lieutenant and hereditary sheriff of For- 
farshire. 

Title. Archibald Douglas, Lord Douglas of Douglas. 

Creation. By patent July Qth, 179O. 

Arms, Four coats quarterly ; first, azure, a lion rampant, 
crowned with an imperial crown, or : second, or, a lion rampant, 
gules, surmounted of a ribbon, sable : third, or, a fesse cheque, 
azure and argent, surmounted of a bend, sable, charged with five 

his estate upon certain heirs of entail ; in virtue of which, there being no heir 
male existing of Innernytie's body, nor of any other collateral heir male 
nearer than Sir George Stewart, of Baicaskie, Bart, he accordingly succeeded 
to the estate of GrandtuUy on his cousin's death in the year 1720 afore- 
said. 

Sir George Stewart, of GrandtuUy 's ancestor, was Mr. Henry Stewart, 
advocate, fourth and youngest son of Sir William Stewart, of GrandtuUy, by 
Dame Agnes Moncrief, his lady aforesaid : being a younger brother he was 
bred to the law, and was an advocate before the court of session. He mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of John Campbell, of Abernchill, second son of Sir 
James Campbell, of Lawers, and uncle to John, first Earl of Loudon, who was 
lord high chancellor in the reign of King Charles I. and II. by whom he had 
issue 

Sir Thomas Stewart, of Baicaskie, his son and heir. 

And a daughter, Margery, who was married to William Borthwick, of 
Pilmuir, grandfather to Henry, Lord Borthwick. 

Sir Thomas Stewart, of Baicaskie, being also bred to the law, was pro- 
moted to be one of the senators of the college of justice, and by letters patent, 
bearing date the ad of January, 1 683, he was created a Baronet. He married 
Lady Jane Mackenzie, daughter of George Viscount of Tarbet, and after Earl 
of Cromarty, lord register in the reigns of King James VII. and King Wil- 
liam, and justice-general and secretary of state in the reign of Queen Anne, 
by whom he had two sons, 

The foresaid Sir George Stewart of Baicaskie, who succeeded by virtue 
of the said entail to the estate of GrandtuUy, as is heretofore remarked in the 
memorial. 

And Colonel John Stewart, the second son, who married his first cousin, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Mackenzie, of Royston, Bart, one of the 
senators of the college of justice, and has a son, John Stewart. 

Which Sir George Stewart, now of GrandtuUy, Bart, is married with 
Dame Agnes Cockburn, daughter of Sir Archibald Cockburn, ofLangton, 
Bart." Niibet's Heraldry, ut supra. 

Colonel John Stewart, the second son here mentioned, who afterwards 
succeeded to the Baronetage, married, secondly. Lady Jane Douglas, above- 
mentioned, and was father by her of the present Lord Douglas. 



»48 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

buckles, or : fourth, argent, three piles, gules, over all in a shield 
of pretence, argent, a heart, gules, ensigned with an imperial 
crown, or, on a chief, azure, three mullets of the first : the third 
and fourth quarters to be transposed. 

Crest. On a chapeau azure, a salamander vomiting fire. 

Supporters. On the dexter, a savage, wreathed about the loins 
with laurel, and on the sinister a stag proper, all within a com- 
partment of stakes impaled. 

Motto. Jamais Arriere. 

Chief Seat, Douglas castle, Lanarkshire, 



LORD GAGE, 



240 




GAGE, LORD GAGE. 

CFJSCOUNT GAGE IN IRELAND,; 



This noble family is of Norman extraction, and derives its de- 
scent from'* de Gaga or Gage, wlio accompanied William Duke 
of Normandy, in his expedition into England, and after the con- 
quest thereof was rewarded by him with large grants of lands in 
the forest of Dean, and county of Gloucester 3 adjacent to which 
forest, he fixed his residence, by building a seat at Clerenwell, 
otherwise Clurewell, in the same parish ; he also built a large 
house in the town of Cirencester, where he died, and was buried 
in that abbey ; and his posterity remained in that county for 
many generations, in credit and esteem, one whereof in the reign 
of Edw. in. was member of parliament for Tavistock, and another 
for Basingstoke in the time of Hen. IV. • 

The direct ancestor of the present Lord Gage, was John 
Gage, Esq. mentioned in deeds, 9 Hen. IV. whose son 

John married Joan, daughter and coheir of John Sudgrove, of 
Sudgrove in Gloucester, who'' in I4l6, 4 Hen. V. gave to John 
Gage, Esq. and Joan his wife, as also to John Bovey, and Alice his 
wife (the other daughter and coheir of the said John Sudgrove), all 
his lands and tenements in Musarderand Sudgrove in the said parish 
in com. Gloucester, which Joan sur\iving her husband, d^d with 
John Gage her son, in 16 Hen. VI. '^ settle lands and tenements 
in Cirencester, Nether Sidington, Musarder, and Brimsfield, in 
com. Gloucester, on William, Lord Lovell, Sir William Trc'sh;r,-n, 
and others. 

a Lodge's Peerage of Ireland, vol. iii. p. 2S6. 

b Ex Chart, in Steinm- hujiis familiae- 

c Chart. 10 Aug. 16 Hen. VI in Steinm. pracdict. 



2iO PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

John Gage (the son) in 32 Hen. VI, purchased the lands^ 
that were John Bovey's in Cirencester, Musarder, Sidington, and 
Brimsfield ; and made a further addition to his estate, by his mar- 
riage with Eleanor, daughter and heir of Thomas St. Clere, Esq. 
lord of the manors of Aston-Clintou in com. Bucks, and of Off- 
spring in Kent, son of Sir Philip St. Clere, of Aldham St. Clere 
in Kent, by Margaret, daughter of Sir Nicholas de Lovayn, Knt. 
lord of the manor of Barstow, or Bristcw, and Hedge-court, in 
com. Surrey, 44 Edw. HI "^ sister and heir of Nicholas de Lo- 
vayn, Lord of Peiishurst in Kent, and widow of Richard Chara- 
berlayn, of Sherburn in com. Oxon, Esq. This John Gage, re- 
ceived the honour of knighthood, and departed this life on the 
30th of September, 26 Edw. IV. leaving two sons, William, and 
John ancestor to the Gages, of Rushton in com. N rthamp. 

WiLLi.^M Gas^e, the fldesl son, was thirty years old at his 
father's decease} he married Agnes, daughter of Thomas Bolney, 
Esq. and resided at Bristow in Surrey, as appears by his last will 
and testament, dated there February I4th, ]4g(j, in 12 Hen. VII. 
which was proved October 24th following, ' wherein he orders his 
body to be buried in the church of the Grey Friars in London, 
next unto the sepulchre of William Charaberlayn, Esq. and be- 
queaths to the said church, for his sepulture, there to be had, and 
to the intent that the brethren thereof fetch his body to the earth, 
and sing a trental for his soul, xl^. 

" He, moreover, bequeaths to the church of Bristow in Surrey, 
for his tythes forgotten, or negligently with -holden in discharge 
of hissoul, xx.y,3 to the church of St. EUyn's in London vi^. viii^/. j 
and the same sum to the ladies of the priory there, to be parted 
among them ; as also the like legacies to Sir John Dampsell, Sir 
John Lystre, and Sir Robert Water, priests." He was likewise 
bountiful to his servants, and a loving husband to his wife ; for, 
" he bequeaths her all his goods, &c. after his debts are paid, and 
costs of burial discharged, and that she should, during her life, 
enjoy the manors of Heyton, Sinclere, and Torring, with the ap- 
purtenances in Sussex -, as also the manors of Bristow, and Hedge- 
court in the county of Surrey, and have the custody and rule of 
John Gage, his son and heir, during his non-age} on which ac- 
count, she should receive the profits and revenues of all his other 
manors, lands, and tenements, in the counties of Surrey, Bucks, 

d Philipot's Villare Cantianum. 
e Ex Rcgist. vocat. Horn. qu. lo in Cur Prerog Cart. 



LORD GAGE. 251 

and Kent, she finding the said John, honestly and competently, 
with meat, drink and rayment." 

Which John Gage distinguished himself in a very extraordi- 
nary manner, both in a military and civil capacity, and became 
one of the most famous men of the age he lived in ; whose great 
services are thus set forth in an ancient manuscript written by his 
third son, Robert Gage, of Haling in Surry, viz. 

" Sir John Gage, Knt. was, after his father's death, in ward 
to W. Stafford, Duke of Buckingham} and, after his marriage, 
to my mother, daughter of Sir Richard Guldeford, was preferred 
by the said Duke to King Henry Vlllth's service ; and distin- 
guishing himself at the seige of Tervon, *" was thereupon made 
captain of the castle of Calais (usually called Guysnes) ; shortly 
after, was sent for home and knighted, and made of the privy- 
council, vice-charaberlain, and captain of the guards j few years 
after, for ser\ ices done on the borders of Scotland, at his return 
was made comptroller of tlie household, and chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster in one day. In a few days after, he was 
made constable of the Tower of London, and the next, St. 
George's feast, Knight of the most noble order of the Garter; at 
the winning of Bullogne (36 Hen. VIIL) he was in joint com- 
mission with Charles Duke of Suffolk, lord lieutenant of his Ma- 
jesty's camp, and for sundry services there with Sir Anthony 
Brown, Knight, master of the horse, was made general-captain of 
the bands of horsemen. After the death of our sovereign lord. 
King Edward VI. at the coming of Queen Mary, was made her 
lord chamberlain. Thus having sensed in all these rooms and 
offices, truly, faithfully, and painfully, from the first year of the 
reign of our sovereign lord, Hen. VIII. of famous memory, unto 
the fifth year of Queen Mary, untouched with any reproach, or 
unfaithful service, at this time, being seventy-seven years of age, 
he ended his life in favour with his Prince, at his own house, at 
Firle in Sussex." 

Whilst he was captain of Guisnes, ? he performed many 
valiant deeds in skirmishes, &c. and in 21 Hen. VIII, had for his 
services a grant of the wardship, '' and marriage of William Bayn- 
ham, son and heir of John Baynham, of Clowerwall in Glouces:; 
tershire, Esq. and the next year, being vice-chamberlain of the 



f Ex inform. Hen Gage frat. Dom. Guliel. Gage de Hengrave Bar. 

g Hall's Chron Life of Hen. VIII. fol. 123, 127. 

ii Bille si^narc, 6 Maii, 21 Hen. VIII. 



252 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

household; he had a grant to him, ' and his heirs and assigns, of 
the manors of Boreham, Rokeland, Felton, Heldynglee, Friston, 
and Exset in com. Sussex ; also the manor '^ of Stewton, wilh the 
appurtenances in com. Lincoln, in which y<'ar he was one of the 
knights ' deputed by the parliament 3 who, with the two arch- 
bishops, and the principal nobility and clergy of the realm^ signed 
that memorable letter to Pope Clement VIL desiring his Holi- 
ness to comply with the King in his divorce, threatening, that if 
he refused (considering the two universities of England, the uni- 
versity of Paris, as well as many others in France, and what almost 
all men of learning, knowledge, and integrity, both at home and 
abroad, have determined to be true, and are ready to defend in 
their discourse and writings) they can make no other construc- 
tion of it, but that the care of themselves is committed to their 
own hands, and that they are left to seek their remedy elsewhere. 
In 29 Hen. VIIL he was summoned, am.ong those of the court, 
to be present at the christening of Prince Edward "^ at Hampton 
Court. In 31 Hen. VIIL he had, for his good service?, " a grant 
of the manor of Aciiston in Sussex 3 and the following year, being 
comptroller of the household, ° was also constituted constable of 
the Tower of London, with a fee of 100/. per ann. during his 
life 3 likewise, on the 22d of May, installed one of the knights 
companions of the most noble order of the garter; in which year 
he was also appointed chief stev^^ard of all the honours, castles, 
manors, &c. in com. Sussex, forfeited by the attainder of Thomas 
Cromwell, Earl of Essex, with power to appoint a deputy, and 
the same day and year had a grant of the stewardship of all the 
liberties, privileges, and franchises of the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, and of all and singular lordships, manors, lands, &c. of the 
said archbishop, during the minority of Henry, Lord Bergavenny. 
In P 34 Hen. VIIL he was a principal commander in the expe- 
dition made into Scotland : and the monastery of Combewell, 
alias Comwcll, with the possessions thereunto belonging, in com. 
Kent, '1 was granted to him for his services; and in the fjllowing 
jrcar the King authorises Sir John Gage, comptroller of his house- 
hold, to keep and retain, in his service, from time to lime, forty 

i Billesignate, 12 April, 22 Hen. Vtll. 

^ Ibid. 23 Juiiii. 1 Rymer's lasd. torn. xiv. p. 407. 

Ill Strype's Memorials, vol ii p. 5. 

n Biile fisnate, 14 Feb. 31 Hen. VI 1 1. 

o Pat. 3i Hen. V;il. p 3. P Hall's Chron. fol. 254 b- 

q Privit. Sigil 26 /\pril, 34 Hen VHI. 



LORD GAGE. 255 

persons over and above his usual attendance. ■" He was then em- 
ployed as one of the ambassadors for concluding a peace with 
Scotland ; ^ which was brought to an end, the 1st day of October 
1542, at Newcastle j thereupon he was soon after, in two com- 
missions with the Lord Audley, Lord Chancellor ; Thomas, Duke 
of Norfolk, Lord Treasurer j Stephen, Bishop of Winchester 3 
Thomas, Bishop of Westminster 3 and William, Lord St. John ; 
the one, for redeeming and ransoming prisoners between England 
and Scotland ; the other, for concluding ' a treaty of marriage 
between his son, Prince Edward and Mary, the Scotch Qneen. 

He was much in favour with King Henry VIIL who shewed 
his esteem of him, in causing his picture to be drawn (among 
others his warriors and favourites) by the famous Hans Holbein," 
to adorn his court gallery, which yet remains in the possession of 
the crown. His Majesty also left him a legacy of 200/, in his 
last testament, and therein appointed him, "^ with the Earls of 
Arundel, Essex, &c. to be of the council, and aiding and assisting 
to his executors and his son. Prince Edward, for the good estate 
and prosperity of the realm. 

In the 3 Edw. VI. he subscribed the proclamation against the 
Duke of Somerset, the Protector; and in the same reign, his style 
imong the Knights of the Garter > was, " Du tres valiant Chr. 
Mons. John Gage, Coneslable de la Tovvre de Londres, et Chr. 
de i'ordre de la jarritierre." 

In 1 Mary, upon Sir Thomas Wyatt's rebellion, Sir John 
Gage, Lord Chamberlain,'' stood at Charing Cross with the 
guard, and others, to the number of a thousand men, in order to 
oppose Wyatt's passiiig that way to the city, and some shot were 
exchanged between the parties ; yet Wyatt proceeded to Ludgate ; 
where, being refused admittance, he endeavoured to return to 
Westminster, but at Temple Bar was again attacked by some 
horsemen (who had before engaged him) and taken prisoner. 
In 1 and 2 Philip and Mary, his style among the Knights of the 
Garter, was, " Du tres valiunt Mess, John Gage Chr. du tres 
noble ordre de la jarritiere, chamblayne de la maison de la royne 
nre soveraigne et Constable de la Tours de Londres." 

He continued to be lord chamberlain of the household, and 

r Privit. Sigil. 22 Mail, 35 Hen VIII. 

s Rymer's Feed, torn xiv p. 7X6 t Ibid p. 792. 

u See it engraved in the Holbein Heads by Chamberlaine. 

X Rymer's Feed, torn, xv p. 177 

y E. Lib MS. devit Mil. Gar: in Museo Ashmole notat. 1118. 

z Stow's Annal'd, p 621. 



254 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

constable of the Tower of London, till his death ; and, though iu 
a very advanced age, retained a sound judgment to the last, as his 
testament shews, which bears date ^ February 20th, 1555, and 
the probate thereof, June 10 following j wherein, " He wills his 
body to be buried in the parish church of West Firle (near unto 
the place where his wife lieth), with such moderate funeral ex- 
pences, as are used for personages of his calling and degree ; 
also, thatxl5. be distributed in alms to poor people, that shall 
come thither^ by vid. doles, and xl^. to xl, parishes 3 for the pay- 
ment whereof, he orders his executors to sell his collar of gold, of 
the order of the garter ; but his blue mantle of the order he pre- 
sents to the college of Windsor. 

He further wills ; that the profits, and revenues of the par- 
sonage of Ascham in com. Salop, of the yearly value ofxi/. v*. 
should be applied (except \vl. per ami. which he gives to the vicar) 
for the maintenance of a chantry in West Firle for evermore, 
charging his executors to prepare a convenient and decent place 
in the church for that end, and find a priest to minister divine 
service for evermore, and principally for the Queen's Highness ; 
and for her most noble progenitors, heirs, and successors, and 
then for him the said Sir John Gage, and Philippa, his v^ife; his 
ancestors, and all Christian souls; which chantry priest and his 
successors, being obedient and serviceable to his heirs and suc- 
cessors, should have meat, drink, and lodging, in his mansion- 
house of West Firle. 

" He moreover wills, that the parson of the parish church of 
Crr.bhnuse in Norfolk, should have the tythe of a certain field, 
called Peterfield, part of the said domains of Crabhouse j the 
said parson, or Vicar, and their successors, praying for him by 
name, in their parish church, at high mass time, every Sunday 
for evermore. 

" He bequeaths many legacies to his servants, and appoint.s 
Edward Gage, his son and heir, and John Carrdl, Esq. executors, 
giving to the former all his plate, jewels, ready money, goods, &c. 
in full trust and confidence, that he maintain and leave the same 
to John Gage his son, and heir apparent ; or, if he die before him, 
to such his heir male as shall enjoy his mansion house at Firle, 
that he may thereby be able with the said stock, furniture of his 
house, and revenue of his lands, to maintain, and keep hospita- 
lity ; without which stock and store of household stuff (a sche- 

2 Ex regist. voeat. Kitchin qu. 9. 



LORD GAGE. 255 

dule whereof is annexed) he fears they will be greatly hindered in 
their living, and not able to furnish his house without danger of 
decay, the which he charges his said son, Edward Gage, always 
to provide for, and foresee^ as his trust and hope has always been 
in him." 

This Sir John was buried (according to his desire) at West 
Firle, April 28th, 1557 ; and, by the order of his said son Ed- 
ward, a goodly tomb of jasper stone and marble, is erected to his 
memory, and thereon the effigies in full proportion, of a Knight 
of the Garter in armour, in his collar of SS's and George; as also 
his Lady, in the dress of the times, both lying on their backs, with 
their hands elevated ; at his feet a ram j at her's the crest of her 
family, and against them, on a brass plate in the wall, under their 
arms, in a garter, is this inscription in Roman capitals : 

Hie jacet Johannes Gage preclari Ordinis Garterii miles, 
quondam constabularius Turris London : Cancellarius Du- 
catus Lancastrie, Dominus Camerarius Hospicii Regine 
Marie, ac unus de privato Concilio ejusdem Regine j et 
Philipa uxor ejus, qui obierunt anno Dni. 1557. 
Quorum Animabus propitietur Deus. 

And round the verge of the tomb is as follows : 

Scio quod Rederaptor mens vivit, et in novissimo die de terra 
surrecturus sum, et rursum circundabor pelle mea, et in 
carne mea videbor Deum Salvatorem raeum. 

Quern visurus sum ego ipse, et oculi mei conspecturi sunt, 
et non alius, reposita est haec spes mea in situ meo. Job, 
cap. xix. ver. 25. 

This Sir John Gage had, by the said Philippa, his wife, who 
was dnnghtei to Sir Richard Guldeford, one of the Knights of the 
Garter, four stins, Edward, James, Robert, and William ; like- 
wise four daughters, Alice, married to Sir Anthony Browne, 
Knight of the Garter, (ancestor to the present Viscount Montagu) ; 
Anne, wife to John Thatcher the elder, of Priestshaw's in Sussex, 

Esq. ; , wife of Jennings; and , married 

to William Baynam, in Clowerwall in com, Glouc, Esquires. 

Of Edwaid Gage, the eldest, I shall treat hereafter. 

James, the second son, was seated at Bentley in Sussex, v/liose 
descendants flourished also at Wormsley in com. Hertford. 



256 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Robert Gage, the third son, was seated at Haling in Surrey, and 
left two sons, Robert, who died in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, for 
the cause of Mary Queen of Scots ; and John Gage, ^ of Haling, 
Esq. father (among others) to the famous Colonel Sir Henry Gage, 
Knt. who, during the rebellion in the reign of King Charles I. 
was governor of Oxford, and twice relieved Basing House, fight- 
ing his way through the enemy with notable advantage, but in 
the end was unfortunately killed at CuUum bridge, January 7th, 
1644, aged forty -seven years, being shot through the heart with a 
musket ball : Lord Clarendon gives this character of him ; '^ He 
was, in truth, a very extraordinary man, of a large and very grace- 
ful person, of an honourable extraction ; his grandfather (his 
great grandfather it should be) having been Knight of the Garter: 
besides his great abilities and experience as a soldier, which were 
very eminent, he had very great parts of breeding, being a very 
good scholar in the polite parts of learning ; a great master in the 
Spanish and Italian tongues, besides the French and the Dutch, 
which he spoke in great perfection, having scarce been in Eng- 
land in twenty years before. He was likewise very conversant in 
courts, having for many years been much esteemed in that of the 
Archduke and Duchess Albert, and Isabella at Brussels, which 
was a great and very regular court at that time ; so that he de- 
served to be looked upon as a wise and accomplished person. Of 
this gentleman, the lords of the council had a singular esteem, 
and consulted frequently with him, whilst they looked to be be- 
sieged, and thought Oxford to be the more secure, for his being 
in it. The King sustained a wonderful loss in his death, he being 
a man of great wisdom and temper, and one, among the very {ew 
soldiers, who made himself to be universally loved and esteemed." 
He was bnried in Christ Church Cathedral in Oxford, being at- 
tended to the grave '^ by Prince Rupert, the Duke of Richmond, 
the lord treasurer, the lord chamberlain, secretaries, comptroller, 
the lords of the privy-council, and most of the nobility and 
gentry in Oxford, and most of the great commanders, with the 
vice-chancellor and mayor of Oxford, with their several trains, 
the heralds at arms, &c. with this inscription over him : '^ 



a Of this branch was Thomas Gage the author of Tbe Survey of the West 
Indies, 164S. See Censura Literaria, vol iv. p. 263, &c. 

b Life of Sir Henry Gage, Knight, 410. p 20, where see the history of 
tke life and actions of this great man at large. 

c Le Neve's Monumenta Anglicana, vol. i. p. 217. 



LORD GAGE. 15J 

P. M. S. 

Hie situs est Militum Chiliarcha 

Henricus Gage, Eques Auratus, Filius ac 

Haeres Johannis Gage de Haling, in Agro 

Suriensi Armigeri, pronepos Joh'is Gage, 

Honoratissimi Ordinis Periscelidis Equitis, 

In Belgio meruit supra Annos xx in 

Omni Praelio et obsidione Bergliae ad 

Zomam, Bredae, ac praecipiie S. Audomati ; ex 

Belgio ad M. Britt, Regem missus attulit armorum 

VII. M. Missus cum imperio Bastalii ^des 

Expugnavit mox Basingianis praesidiariis 

Commeatu interclusis, Strenue, re jam 

Desparata, Suppetias tulit. Castmm Bam- 

buriense cum Northamptoniae Comite 

Libcra\ it, hinc Equestri dignitate Or- 

natus hostcs denuo Basinga fugavit. 

Jamque Gubernator Oxon. creatus^ cum 

Ad Culliami pontem in hostes jam tertio 

Milites audacter duceret, plumbe-a trajectus 

Glande occubuit die xi Jan. 1044. 

^tat. 47, funis solemni luctu prosecuti principes^ 

Proceres, Milites, Academici, Gives Oes Dolorem 

testati ex desiderio Viri, ingenio lin- 

guar. peritia, gloria militari, pietate, fide & 

Amore in principem, & patriam eminentissimi. 

Hanc memoriae Epitomen, posuit illi pietas moer. lug. q; fratris 

Georgii Gage. 

On a small stone under the monument : 

jEterna Caducis 

praepone. 

The fourth son of Sir John, was William, who died without 
issue. 

Sir Edward Gage, before-mentioned, the eldest son and heir 
of Sir John, was made one of the Knights of the Bath by Queen 
Mary, in the life-time of his father. He was a pious, sober, ju- 
dicious gentleman, as appears by his last will made at Firle, De- 
cember 17th, 1566, when he was in perfect health j and he lived 
upwards of two years after. 

By which testament, " He bequeaths bis body to be buried 

VOL. vm, s 



258 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

in the parish church of Firle, and that two-penny doles be distri- 
buted to such poor people as would resort to his burial ; also, that 
his executors cause several sums of money, therein named, to be 
given to poor householders of many adjoining parishes. 

" He further wills, that his executors provide a decent stone 
to be laid on his good father and mother, with the pictures of 
them and all their children, with these holy words engraven on 
brass, *■ credo quod redemptor meus vivit, et in novissimo die de 
terra surrecturus sum, et in carne mea videbo Deum salvatorem 
meum.' Likewise, that they provide a decent gravestone to lie 
on him and his wife; all his sons to be kneeling behind him, 
^nd all his daughters behind her, with the same holy words to be 
engraven on brass, 

" He gives to his beloved wife, Elizabeth, her dwelling in 
his mansion house at Firle, as long as she remains a widow, and 
leaves her the charge of bringing up all her children, except his 
heir apparent." And, forasmuch (as he words it) that God had 
pleased to send him a gentle and loving wife, which hath long 
been coupled with him ; and meaning to provide as well for the 
better maintenance of her as for the bringing up and finding 
maintenance for her children, " He leaves her several lands, all 
her jewels, and three chains of gold she has usually worn ; be- 
queathing likewise to his daughters, Margery, Lucy, and Mar- 
garet, every of them 500 marks at the day of their marriage, and 
to his daughter Phillippa, in consideration of her being the eldest, 
and for other reasons, 500/. and 10/. yearly, for their mainte- 
nance, till they receive it; also the like annuity of 10/. per ann, 
to his sons Anthony, Thomas, George, Edward, Richard, John, 
the younger, and Robert Gage, the payment whereof he orders l 
out of the rents of his manors and lands in Heighton, Firles, 
Hosiers, HoUandale, Compton, Exsett, Friston, Lamporte, and 
Egington, or elsewhere in the county of Sussex ; as also his manor 
of Crabhouse in Norfolk, and the lands there; and in. West 
Dereham, or elsewhere, in the said county, except those appointed 
to descend to his heir, by course of inheritance ; and excepting 
all such estates before bequeathed to Elizabeth his wife; which 
said manors, after his debts, legacies, &c. are paid, he entails on 
John Gage, his son and heir, and in defliult of issue male on his 
other sons, according to their seniority, and for lack of such issue 
of them, on James Gage, his brother; and, on default, on Robert 
and William Gage, his brothers ; and, in default of issue male of 
them, to such of his .son's daughters, and their issue male. 



I 



LORD GAGE. 259 

" The residue of all his goods, pl.ite, jewels, ready money, 
household stuff, &rc. he bequeaths to his eldest son, John Gage," 
in full trust and confidence, that he will maintain, preserve, and 
leave the same to his son and heir, and, if he die, to the next heir 
male, that God shall cause to succeed him and inherit his mansion 
house at Firle, as his good father left it him; and he with the 
like charge leaves it to such heir male; whereby he may be able, 
with the said stock and furniture of his house and land, to main- 
tain and keep hospitality, to serve God, his prince, and common- 
wealth ; without llie which stock, he will be greatly hindered in 
his living, and not like to be able to keep his house without great 
danger and decay, the which he charges his said son, John Gage, 
always to provide for and foresee, as his hope and trust is in him. 
" He likewise wills and requires, and in God's name charges, his 
said sons and brothers, and every the heirs of their bodies, to be 
satisfied and contented with this his last testament, and not with- 
out great necessities and urgent cause to violate, infringe, or 
break it." 

This Sir Edward Gage'^ died on the 27th of December 1568, 
and was buried on the lyth of January following, in the family 
chancel in Firle church, where an altar tomb of marble and stone 
is erected to his memory, according to his request; over which is 
a brass tablet, fixed in the wall with this inscription. 

Hie jacet Edvardus Gage Miles, et 
Uxor ejus Elizabetha, qui obierunt 
Anno Domini 1569, '' Quorum animabus 
Propitietur Deus. 

And round the verge, 

Scio quod Redemptor mens vivit, Src. 

Elizabeth his wife was daughter of John Parker, of Willingdoii 
m Sussex, Esq. i^by his wife Joan, daughter of Sir Richard Sack- 
ville, of Buckhurst in Sussex, Knight, ancestor to the present 
Duke of Dorset, and the Viscount Sackville) j their issue were 
nine sons and six daughters, viz. 

First, John, the eldest son and heir. 

Second, Anthony, born June 25th, 1540, and died January 
3Ist, 1567, without issue. 

c Wotton"s Ba:cnet3ge, vol. i. p-^ii- * Ibid. vol. v. p. 387- 



200 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Third, Thomas, born January 27th, ]54l, of whom hereafter. 

Fourth, George. 

Fifth, Edward, born April 19th, 1549, who married Margaret, 
third daughter of John Shelley, of Michel-Grove in Sussex, Esq. 
and had a daughter, Elizabeth, married to Sir John Stradling, the 
first Baronet of that family. 

Sixth, Richard. 

Seventh, John. 

Eighth, Robert. 

Ninth, Henry, born October l6th, 1555. 

Agnes, born January l6th, 1547, who being provided for in 
her father's lifetime, by marriage, on November 19th, 1566, to 
Edward Stradling, of St. Donat's Castle, com. Glamorgan, Esq. 
(but afterwards knighted) is not mentioned in her faiher's will, ^ 

Phillippa, married to Edmund Saunder, of Charlewood, in 
Surrey, Esq. son ^ and heir of Sir Thomas Saunder of the same 
place, Knt. 

Mary, born September the 18th, 1550, married to James 
Thatcher, Esq. 1 

Margaret, born June 5th, 1352, betrothed, November 17th, 
1569, to Anthony Kemp, Esq. 

Lucy, who is believed to have died unmarried ; and 

Margaret, born June 1559, ^"d was the wife of Henry 
Darell, Esq. 

John Gage, Esq. the eldest son, was s thirty years old at his 
father's death, and heir to fifteen manors, with divers messuages, 
lands, &c. in the county of Sussex 3 the manors of Burstow, and 
Hedge Court in Surrey; also that of Crabhouse in Norfolk : he 
married two wives, but leaving no issue by either of them, the 
estates descended to his nephew John, son and heir of his brother 
Thomas. He lies buried amtmg his ancestors at Firle, under an 
altar tomb of alabaster and marble (adjoining to that of his father), 
on the top whereof are the portiaitures in brass of himself in 
armour, between his two wives, in the dress of the times, with 
the before-mentioned verse, from 25th chap. Job, underneath 5 
and over them, against the wall, this inscription in Roman 
capitals : 

e It is probable that she died before her father, as she is omitted in his 
r,ili ; as alio, in the Saunder pedigree, Phillippa is called the eldest daughter. 
f MS. pedigree of Saunder, penes meips. 
g Cole's Esch vol v. in ihi British Museum. 



LORD GAGE. 26l 

Hie jacet Johanes Gage, Armigerj et duse Uxores ejus, 
Elizabetha et Margaretta, qui obierunt Anno Domini 
Milesimo quingentesimo nonagesimo quinto. 
Quorum Animabus propitietur Deus. 

And in a niche, at the front of the tomb, 

Johannes Gage, qui hie jacet, fecit haec monuraenta. 
Anno Domini, 1595. 

The said Thomas Gage, his brother, was born January 27th, 
1541, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Guldeford, 
Knt. and, deceasing in the year 1 5Q0, was buried at Fide, as a 
grave stone shews, whereon are the figures, in brass, of a gentle- 
man in armour, with his wife by him ; as also the effigies of a 
son and two daughters, infants, kneeling in a praying posture, 
and underneath them this memorial : 

Hie jacet Thomas Gage Armiger, et Uxor 

Ejus Elizabetha, qui obierunt iVnno Domini 

Milesimo Quingentesimo Nonagesimo, qui 

Habuerunt unum filium, et daas filiasj 

Quorum Animabus propitietur Deus. 

His two daughters were ; Mary, married to Sir Thomas Pcr- 
dage, Knt. ; and Elizabeth, to Cressacre More, of More Hall, 
otherwise Gobions, in Hertfoidshire, Esq. great grandson of Sir 
Thomas More, Chancellor of England. 

Sir John Gage, the son,Jirsi Baronet, succeeding to the estates 
on the death of his uncle as above observed, was advanced to the 
dignity of a Baronet of England, by letters patent, bearing date 
March 26th, 1022. He married Penelope, widow of Sir George 
Trenchard, of Wolverton in Dorsetshire, Knt. third daughter and 
(after the death of her only brother Thomas) coheir to Thomas 
Darcy, Earl Rivers, by Mary his wife, daughter and coheir of Sir 
Thomas Kitson, of Hengrave in com. Suftblk, Knt. This Lady, 
Penelope, was a great beauty, but seventeen years of age, when she 
was left a widow, and became a very great fortune ; for the lady, 
her mother, left her the whole inheritance of the Kitsons, and she 
shared (with her sisters) that ot the Darcy's ; and after the death 
of her second husband. Sir John Gage, who departed this lifcj 



262 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

October 3d, 16^3, and was interred with his ancestors ; she was 
thirdly married to Sir William Hervey, ot Ickworth in Suffolk, 
Knt. '' but had issue only, by John Gage, viz. five daughters ; 
whereof, Frances, was first married to Sir William Tresham, of 
Rushton in Northamptonshire, Bart. ; and, secondly, to George 
Gage, Esq. j Penelope, wife'of Henry Merry, of Barton in Derby- 
shire, Esq. ; Elizabeth, to Sir Thomas Petre, of Cranham in 
Essex, Knt. ; and Anne, to Henry Petre, fifth son of William, 
Lord Petre : also four sons ; first. Sir Thomas, his successor. 

Second, John, of Stoneham in Sulfolk, who died without issue. 

Third, Edward, who, being made heir to his mother's inheritance 
at Hengrave in Suft'olk, became^seated there, and, having before 
received the honour of knighthood, was created a Baronet, July 15, 
l6t)2, and from him the Baronets of that branch are descended. 

Fourth, Henry, who married Henrietta, daughter to Thomas, 
Lord Jermyn, of Rushbrook, and sister and coheir to Henry 
Jermyn, Earl of Dover, by whom he had a daughter, Mary, who 
became a nun, and one son, John Gage, of Princethorp in Nor- 
folk, Er.q. 

Sir Thomas Gage, of Firle, the second Baronet, eldest son and 
heir of Sir John, died about the year l655, and having wedded 
Mary, eldest daughter and coheir of John Chamberlain of Sher- 
burn in Oxfordshire, Esq. (who surviving him was re-married to 
Sir Henry Goring, of Burton in Sussex, Bart, where she was 
buried in l604) had issue four sons and three daughters, viz. 

First, Sir Thomas his successor. 

Second, Sir John, of whom presently. 

Third, Henry, who died without issue. 

Fourth, Joseph, of whom more particularly hereafter, as im- 
mediate ance^or to the present Lord Gage. 

Sir Thomas Gage's daughters were, Frances, married to Sir 
Charles Yate, of Buckland in Berkshire, Bart. ; Mary, to Anthony- 
Kemp, of Slindon in Sussex, Esq. ; and Catherine, to Walter, 
Lord Aston, of Forfar in Scotland. 



h We are told this odd circumstance concerning her marriages; that 
being at first courted by her three husbands together, who quarrelled about 
her, she artfully put an end to their dispute by threatening the firsi aggressor, 
with her everlasting displeasure ; by which means, they, not knowing whom 
she might choose, (aid the quarrel aside ; and she told ihein humourously, if 
they would keep he peace and have patience, she would have them all in their 
turns, which happened accordingly, though so very unlikely to turn out. 



LORD GAGE. 263 

Sir Thomas Gage, third Baronet, eldest son and successor to 
his father, died unmarried at Rome, in his travels, November 22, 
\6Q0; and in the chapel of the English colJege there, on a 
white marble gravestone, is this inscription for him : 

D. O. M. 

Thomae Gagio Equiti 

Baronetto Anglo, Sussexiensi, 

Patre, Honoribus, ac Nomiiiibus, 

Matre, Nobilitati pari, 

Maria Tankervilla 

Alias Chamberlana, natoj 

Familiae non magis 

Generis Claritate, 

Quam perpetua Fidei Catholicse 

Constantia Principiis 

Illustris. 

Qui in ipso ^tatis Flore, 

Ipsoque in almam Urbem ingressu, 

Deo An imam. Corpus Terrse 

Inter Gives suos tradidit 

XXII Novembris, Anno Domini mdclx. 

Johannes Gagius, Eques 

Baronettus, carissimo fratri, 

Moerens posuit. 

He was succeeded in dignity and estate by his next brother. 
Sir John Gage, fourth Baronet, who married, first, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Middlemore, of Edgebaston in the county of 
Warwick, Esq. ; and on her decease, July 28th, 1086, married, 
secondly, Mary, daughter of Sir William, and sister of Sir Row- 
land Stanley, of Hooton in Cheshire, Barts. By the former, he 
had three sons and seven daughters : whereof only two daughters 
survived, and at length coheirs to their brothers, viz. Mary, mar- 
ried to Sir John Shelly, of Michel-Grove in Sussex, Bart. ; and 
Bridget, wife of Thomas Bellassis, Viscount Fauconberg, and 
died November 18th, 1/32, being grandmother to the late 
Earl Fauconberg. Sir John by his last wife had issue one 
daughter, Mary, wedded to Henry, Lord Teynham, (but she died 
without issue) ; likewise three sons, successively Barts. Sir John, 
the father, dying May 27th, \QQQ, in the fifty-eighth year of his 
age, was succeeded in dignity and estate, by 



264 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sir John Gage, Jlfth Baronet, his eldest son, who survived his 
father but about eight momhs, dying in January {^H, aged eight 
years, and was succeeded by his next brother. 

Sir Thomas Gage, sixth Baronet, who, travelHng in France, 
for his farther accomplishment, died there in October 1713> in 
the twentieth year of his age, and was buried at Blaye, in the pro- 
vince of Guyenne; whereupon the title, and a great estate, "de- 
volved upon his only surviving brother. 

Sir William Gage, seventh Baronet, born in the year \6g5, 
who, renouncing the errors of the church of Rome, was elected 
to the last parliament of King George I. as representative for the 
town of Seaford in Sussex, for which place he served till his 
death. On the revival of the most honourable order of the Bath, 
he was created one of the knights companions thereof, on March 
27th, 1725, and installed July 17th following j but dying ' un- 
married, April 23d, 1744, the English title of Baronet descended 
to Thomas, Viscount Gage, of the kingdom of Ireland, to whose 
sons Sir William left the bulk of his estate. 

We must therefore now return to 

Joseph Gage, Esq. fourth and youngest son of Sir Thomas 
Gnge the second Baronet, who had his mother's inheritance at 
Sherburn Castle ; and her sister, Elizabeth, dying without issue, 
he inherited the remainder of what she had not sold, whereby the 
castle of Sherburn became the family seat, but was sold, with the 
estate belonging thereto, in 1716, to Thomas, Earl of Maccles- 
field. He also acquired a great estate by his marriage with Eliz- 
abeth, daughter to George Penruddock, of Hampshire, Esq. and 
at length heir to her brothers (who died childless) j and she de- 
ceasing, December 5th, l6g3, left him two daughters ; Elizabeth, 
married to John Weston, of Sutton in Surrey, Esq. ; and Anne, 
to Richard Arundel Bealing, of Langherne in Cornwall, Esq. : 
as also two sons ; first, Thomas, created Viscount Gage j and, 
second, Joseph. 

Joseph, the second son, acquired an immense fortune by the 
Missisippi schemes in France in the year 1719> but, by the fall 
of that bubble the year following, was reduced to poverty, where- 
upon he retired into Spain, and being of a very enterprising dis- 
position gained himself so much esteem there, that in i727> he 
obtained a grant from that crown for working and draining all 

i CofFin-PIate. 



LORD GAGE. 265 

the gold mines in Old Spain, and fishing for all wrecks on the 
coasts of Spain and the Indies } he was also in 1741, presented by 
his Catholic Majesty with a silver mine of very great value, to 
him and his heirs by patent, with the title of Count, or Grandt^e 
of the third class; after which, he was constituted general of 
his Majesty's armies in Sicily; and in March 17'13, honoured 
with the title of a Grandee of Spnin of the first class, and com- 
mander in chief of the army in Lombardy, being also presented 
by the King of Naples, with the order of St. Gennaro, and a pen- 
sion of four thousand ducats a year. He married the Lady 
Lucy Herbert, fourth daughter of William the first Marquis of 
Powys. 

Thomas, Viscount Gage, the e/dest son, was, in consideration 
of his great merit, advanced to the peerage of Ireland, " by a 
prince, the most distinguished of all the princes of Europe for his 
vast capacity, in distinguishing the real merits of his subjects," 
being created Viscount Gage of Castle Island, and Baron Gage of 
Castlehar, by privy-seal, dated at St. James's, June 13tli, and by 
letters patent, September 14th, 1/20, with the creation tee of 
twenty marks. 

His Lordship, having at very great expense, and with an un- 
remitted assiduity, detected the fradulent sale of the Derwent- 
water estate (forfeited to the crown upon thit Enrl's attainder 
for treason) the house of commons, on March 31st, 1/32, ordered 
their Speaker to give the thanks of that house to his Lordship 
for that great service, which were conveyed in the following 
speech : 

" My Lord Gage, 

" The House have come to an unanimous resolution, that the 
thanks of the House be given to your Lordship, for the great service 
you have done the public in detecting the fraudulent sale of cer- 
tain forfeited estates of James, late Earl of Derwentwater ; and 
of a forfeited annuity, issuing out of the same, which were vested 
in commissioners and trustees to be sold for the public use. And 
the manner of your Lordship's making this discovery hath shewn 
your disinterested regard to the public service, as the efi'ect of it 
may be greatly to the public benefit. 

" The applying the forfeited estates to the use of the public 
being one of the principal reasons lor making it thereby impos- 
sible they should ever be gi en back to the unfortunate families 
they once belonged to, the House of Commons could not, with- 



266 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

out uneasiness, think of this pretended sale, which has thrown 
into private hands, no way allied to the estate, so large a share of 
the profit due to the public, with a very low, and almost the bare 
appearance only of a consideration for one part, and not so much 
as even that for another. 

" But your Lordship's seasonable detection of this injurious 
transaction will very likely produce justice and restitution to the 
public j and for this service your Lordship is now receiving a re- 
ward, that, I can answer for your Lordship, yon esteem the 
greatest and most honourable you can acquire; and which, my 
Lord, will not only remain with you, but will derive a lasting 
honour to those who may come after you. 

"An honour, my Lord, the House hath always been most 
tender of in the way, and for the reason, they confer it upon you j 
and, if I may use the expression, is a sort of bounty they have 
ever been most frugal of granting. Few are the instances of it; 
not that public services have not frequently been performed, but 
that the thanks of the House of Commons are never given for 
public services, but Avhat are the most eminent, such as that 
which your Lordship hath lately done the state, 

" I am very conscious how imperfectly I have conveyed the 
sense of the House to your Lordship ; but the having no time to 
prepare myself for it, must be my excuse. I will only add, that 
no one could with greater pleasure obey the order of the House 
on this occasion than I do; which is, to give your Lordship the 
tha- ks of the House, for your said service to the public ; and 1 do 
give your Lordship the thanks of the House accordingly." 

In 1721, he was elected to parliament for the borough of 
Tewksbury in Gloucestershire, which he continually represented 
till within a few months of his death : he was also verdurer of 
the forest of Dean in that county ; was admitted a Fellow of the 
Royal Society, November 25tb, 1731, and in 17-47^ appointed 
steward of the household to Frederic Prince of Wales. 

His Lordship had two wives, first, Benedicta-Maria-Teresa, 
daughter and sole heir of Benedict Hall, of High Meadow in com. 

Gloucester, Esq. : secondly, Jane, daughter of Godfrey, 

widow of Henry Jermyn Bond, of Bury St Edmund's in Suffolk, 
Esq. By the latter, (who survived till October 8th, 1757) he 
had no issue ; but by the former, who died July 25th, 1749, and 
was buried at Newland in Gloucestershire, had a daughter, 
Teresa, married to George Tasburgh^ of Bodney in Norfolk, Esq. 
and two sons. 



LORD GAGE. 267 

First, William Hall, the second Viscount, and Baron Gage. 
Second, Thomas, who was a general in the army, aid colonel 
of the twenty-second regiment of foot, and commander m < hi'^f 
of his Majesty's forces in North America; who divd Apii: 2d, 
J7S8, having marriid, December 8th, 1/58, at Mount Kemble in 
North America Margaret, daughter of Peter Kemb.e, E-.q pre- 
sident of the council of New Jersey, by whom he has hid six 
sons and live daughters ; viz. first, Henr\ , late Viscount ; second, 
Willia.n, born at New York, and ditd )^oung ; third, Thomas, 
who died an infant; fourth John, born at Ncw-York, December 
23d, 1767, married. May 20th, 179J, Mary, daughter and heir of 
John Milbanke, Esq; fitth, Thomas, who died young, sixth, 
William Hall, born in Park-place, St. James's, Westminster, Oc- 
tober 2d, 1777; seventh, Maria-Teresa, born at Montreal, April 
4th, 1762, married March 2d, 17U2, James, eldest son of Sir 
Alexander Craufurd, Bart.; eighth, Louisa-Elizabeth, born at 
New York, December 12h, 17^5, married, February I4lh, ]/Q4, 
J. H. Blake, Esq. second son of the late Sir Patrick Blr.ke, Bart. ; 
ninth, Harriot, a twin with John, born at New-York, December 
23d, 1767; tenth, Charlotte- Mary, born in Duke-strtet, St. 
James's, August Igth, 1773 ; and, eleventh, Emily, born in Park- 
place, St, James's, April 25th, 177^) married, August 27th, J8O7 
Montague, Earl of Abingdon. 

His Lordship departed this life, December 2 1st, 1754, and 
was buried among his ancestors at Firle, being succeeded by his 
eldest son, 

William Hall, second discount Gage, and first Baron 
Gage of Firle, and of High Meadow; who, in 1744, was 
elected to parliament for the Cinque Port of Seaford (in the room 
of Sir William Gage, Bart, and Knight of the Bath) ; at the 
general election, in 1754, was again chosen for that place, which 
he continued to represent till his advancement to the dignity of a 
peer of Great Britain by patent, bearing date October 17th, I78O, 
by the title of Baron Gage, of Firle in the county of 
Sussex. 

His Lordship was also paymaster of his Majesty's pensions 
and bounties, and F. R. S. 

On November 1st, 179O, liis Lordship was created Baron 
Gage of High Meadow, com. Gloucester, with a collateral re- 
mainder to the issue male of his late brother. General Gage. 

His Lordship was married, February 3d, 1757, to Elizabeth, 
youngest daughter of Sampson Gideon, Esq. and sister to the pre- 



268 PEERAGE OF ENGIAND 

sent Lord Eardley; but her Ladyship died, July 1st, 17S3, aged 
forty-four, '' without issue. 

And his Lordship deceasing October 11th, IJQlj was suc- 
ceeded in all the honours except the Barony of Gage ofFirle, by 
his nephew 

Henry, third Viscount Gage, and second Lord Gage of 
High Meadow, who was born at Montreal in Canada, March 
4th, 1761, and entering into the army, attained before his death 
the rank oi viojor-general. 

His Lordship married, January 12th, 1782, Susanna Maria, 
only daughter and heir of the late Colonel William Skinner, and 
grand-daughter of the late Sir Peter Warren, K. B. ; and dying 
January 28th, 180S, aet. forty-seven, was succeeded by his son 

John Hall, present and fourth Viscount Gage, and thikd 
Lord Gage of High Meadow, born December 14th, 179I. 

Titles. Sir John Hall Gage, Baron Gage, of High Meadow, and 
Baronet, English honours 3 also Viscount Gage, of Castle Island, 
and Baron Gage of Castle Bar, in the kingdom of Ireland. 

Creations. Baront-t, Murch 26th, 1622, 24 Jac. I ; Viscount 
Gage, of Castle Island in the county of Kerry, and Baron Gage, 
of Castle Bar in the county of Mayo, 14th Sept. 172O, 7 Geo. I, ; 
and Baron Gage, of High Meadow in the county of Gloucester, 
November tst, 179O, 31 Geo. HI. 

Arms. Per saltire, azure and argent, a saltire, gules. 

Crest. On a wreath, a ram statant, proper, armed and un- 
guled, or. 

Supporters. Two greyhounds, proper, ducally gorged, gules. 

Motto. Courage sans peur. 

Chief Seats. At High Meadow in the county of Gloucester, 
and at Firle and Lewes, both in the county of Sussex. 

t Coffin Plate. 



LOUD GREXVILLE. 239 




GRENVILLE, LORD G RENVILLE. 

William Wyndham Grenville, Lord Grenville, is third 
and youngest brother of the Marquis of Buckingham. He was 
born October 25, IJoQ, and educated at Oxford, where he was 
distinguished for his classical attainments. 

Thence he removed to London to study the law; but soon 
quitted the bar for the senate^ and entered into the political career 
of his cousin, William Pitt. 

His industry and acquirements, added to strong natural parts, 
soon made him of consequence in the house of commons. He 
was the able coadjutor of the minister; firm to his post, and in 
full possession of all his faculties. If he wanted the brilliant elo- 
quence of his relation, he possessed more minuteness of know- 
ledge, and accuracy of detail. The routine of office was almost 
hereditary in him. He seemed to have imbibed all the ideas and 
habits of his father, George Grenville, even though he was a child 
at the death of that persevering statesman. 

William W. Grenville was elected Speaker of the House 
OF Commons, January 5th, 1/89, on the death of Charles VVol- 
fran Cornwall. 

He held the high office only till jVLiy 8th, following, being 
then appointed Secretary of State for the Home department, 
which he quitted for the seals of the Foreign department, in May, 
1791, which latter he held till the secession of his colleague, Pitt, 
in February ISOl. 

He filled this important station, during one of the most ar- 
duous and gloomy periods of our history, with industry, talent, 
and skill. It was a function for which his natural and acquired 



270 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

powers in many respects were well suited. He was skilled in the 
detail of the politics of Europe 5 he had studied deeply the law of 
nations; he was acquainted with modern languages; he could 
endure fatigue ; and had not an avocation or a pleasure to inter- 
rupt his attention. He loved business like his father; it was not 
merely the result of his ambition, but his amusement ; the flowers 
of imagination, or the gaieties of society never seduced him astray. 
Deeply intent on his calling, his whole soul was wrapped up in it. 
There was nothing to dissipate his ideas ; and he brought his 
mind to bear on the subject before him with its full force. 

On November 25tb, lygo, he was created Lord Grenville. 

On the death of Mr. Pitt, to whom he had for some time been 
in opposition, he was appointed Premier, and had an act of par- 
liament to enable him to hold the ofBce of auditor of the Exche- 
quer, with that of first lord of the Trea ury. 

The extraordinary combination of heterogeneous ingredients, 
which formed this administration, (in which Mr. Fox became 
Lord Grenvilles secretary of state !) lasted but a little while. 

His Lordship married, July 18th, 1792, Anne, sister and at 
length sole heir of Thomas Pitt, second Lord Camelford, by whom 
he has no issue. 

His Lordship was elected Chancellor of the University of Ox- 
ford on the death of the Duke of Portland, I8O9. 

Title. V/illiam Wyndham Grenville, Lord Grenville of 
Wotton in Buckinghamshire. 

Creation. By patent, November 25tl), l/QO. 

Arms and Crest. The same as the Marquis of Buckingham, 
with a mullet for difference, 

, Supporters. Same as the ISIarquis of Buckingham, except 
that the lion is parti per fess embattled^'and each supporter has a 
collar charged with roundles. 

Motto. EXEMPLA SUORUM. 

Chief Seat, Dropmore^ Bucks. 



LORD DOUGLAS, 



271 




ARCHIBALD DOUGLAS, LORD DOUGLAS 
OF LOCHLEVEN. 

(EARL OF MORTON IN SCOTLAND.) 

The first of this collateral branch of the illustrious family of 
Douglas, was 

Sir James Douglas, of Louden, Knight, who in the first of 
King Robert the Bruce, anno 1306, had a grant from that Prince 
of the lands of Kincavel and Calderclear, and to his heirs. -^ He 
left issue two sons, 

First, Sir William Douglas, Lord of I/ydsdale, who, for his 
bravery, was called, The Fiower of Chivalry, and died without 
issue, anno 1353, and, 

Second, Sir John Douglas, captain of the castle of Lochleven, 
under King David IL who in the minority of that King strenu- 
ously defended that fort against the English, who oftener than 
once assaulted it, for which service to his country, the historians 
of that time have not been wanting to transmit such a character 
of him to posterity, as his merit deserved. 

By Agnes Monfode, his wife,'' he had issue. 

First, Sir James Douglas, of Dalkieth, his son and heir. 

Second, Sir Henry Douglas, of Lugton and Lochleven, progC' 
nitor to the present Earl of Morton, and. 

Third, Nicholas, of whom the branch of the Douglases of 
Mains, '^ in the county of Dunbarton. 



a Chaita pene5 Comitem de Morton, 
b Ibid c Ibid. 



272 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sir J \MEs succeed' d his father in his paternal estate, and his 
uncle the Lord Lydsdale, in the baronies of Dalkieth and Aber- 
dour j and the rest of his fortune, which was of great extent and 
value, whereby he came to be placed among the first rank of the 
greater Borons. Remarried, first, Agnes Dunbar, daughter to 
the Earl of March, •' by whom he had. 

First, Janes, his son and heir. 

Second, William Douglas, designed of Mordington, •= 

Likewise ihree daughters; Janeta, married to Sir John Ha- 
milton, ofCalziou; ^ Agnes, to Sir John Livingston, of Calendar 3 5 
Margaret, to Philip Arbuthnot, of that ilk ; ^ next, Giles, daughter 
of Walter, lord high steward of Scotland, widow both of Sir 
David Lindsay, of Crawford, and of Sir Hugh Eglington, of that 
ilk, ' by whom he had no issue. 

James, Lord Dnlkieth, his son, married the Lady Elizabeth 
Stewart, daughter of King Robert IIL ^ by whom he had 

James, his successor. 

And after he-r death, Janet, daughter of William Lord Borth- 
wick, by whom he had 

William Douglas, the first of the house of Whitingham. ' 

Which James married, first, Maigiret, daughter of James 

Earl of Douglas ; and after that Elizabeth, daughter of 

GifFard, of Shireffhall, by whom he had 

First, James, thereafter Earl of Morton. 

And, second, Henry Douglas, first of Corhead ■" and Lang 
Niddry. 

Which James was, by the special favour of King James IL 
raised to the dignity of Earl of Morton, in parliament ,on the 14lh 
of March, 1457. " He married the Lady Jane, daughter of King 
James L Dowager Countess of Angus, " by whom he had 

John, his successor, who married Janet, daughter of 

Crichtonj of Cranston Riddle. By her he had, 

First, James, his son and heir. 

Second, Richard Douglas, Esq. 

d Charta penes Comitem de Morton. 

e Ibid. f Ibid, ad annum, 1388. g Ibid. 1381. 

h Ibid 1372, » Ibid. 

k Charta penes Comitem de Morton, Roberti tertii dilecto filio sue Jacob* 

Douglas, filio et ha2redi jacobi de Douglas, Domini de Dalkieth et sponsaf 

suas Elizabethse, filias nostra carrissima^, ad annum 1402. 

1 Ibid. '» Ibid " Ibid, 

o Charta in Pub. Arch. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 278 

Elizabeth, married to Robert Lord Keith -, and Agnes, to Alex- 
ander Lord Livingston. 

Which James married Catherine, natural daughter of King 
James IV. by whom he had three daughters; 

Margaret, married to James Earl of Arran, thereafter Duke of 
Chattlerault, 

Beatrix, to Robert Lord Maxwell,- 

Elizabeth, to James Douglas, brother to David Earl of Angus, 
and son of Sir George Douglas, of Pitteudrich. 

This Earl having no male issue of his body, made an entail of 
his estate and honour to Robert Douglas, of Lochleven, a male 
relation of his own, which was ratified by a charter under the 
great seal of King James V. anno 1540, p But after the death of 
that King, the Earl having it still in his power to alter that desti- 
nation any time in his own life, thought fit actually to change the 
settlement, and to make a new conveyance of his estate and 
honour to James Douglas, his son-in-law ; by virtue of which he 
came to enjoy both on the death of the old Earl, in 1553. 

In 155S, this James, fourth Earl of Morton, was one of the 
peers who entered into a bond of association to promote the refor- 
mation of religion, and the year thereafter was sent ambassador to 
England to treat with Queen Elizabeth, about the maintaining a 
firm and lasting peace betwixt the two crowns, when he esta- 
blished himself so much in the favour of that Princess, that her 
friendship was never in any degree diminished toward him till his 
dying day. 

After Queen Mary returned home from France, in 1561, her 
Majesty made choice of the Earl as one of her privy-council, and 
in less than a year thereafter, he was sent ambassador to the Queen 
of England, in which negociation he behaved himself with great 
prudence and dexterit}', insomuch as upon his return he was pre- 
ferred to be Lord High Chancellor ; and he continued in the office 
till, March 20th, 1565, he was deprived, and forced to flee to 
England, for alleged accession to the murder of David Rizio, the 
Queen's French secretary : but in a short time thereafter, by the 
mediation and interposition of the Earl of Bothwell, he obtained 
his pardon, which he paid dear for afterward; for that Earl 
thought by this favour to bring the Earl of Morton over to his 
interest ; but he soon found himself mistaken. For though he 
had all duty and gratitude to him as a friend, yet the wicked Earl 

p Charta penes Comitem de Morton 
TOL. VIII. T 



37-* PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Bothwell did no sooner propose to him the design, and craved his 
assistance, towards the murder of the Lord Darnley, the Queen's 
husband, as a piece of service which would be very acceptable to 
her Majesty ; but he conjured him to lay aside the thoughts of so 
base and unworthy an enterprize, and which would be attended 
with so much infamy and danger : and when he could not pre- 
vail in that point, in testimony he did abhor so detestable a design, 
he left the court, and reiiied to the country, when that bloody 
and barbarous tragedy was to be acted. And I think the Earl of 
Morton's circumstances at this time cannot but be pitied ; for if 
he had revealed the Earl of Bothwell's design of taking away the 
King's life, it had cost him his own ; and his concealing it then, 
brought him to die upon a scaffold many years thereafter. 

After the murder of King Henry, when the nation, both pro- 
testants and papists, began to be alarmed with the Queen's mar- 
riage with the Earl of Bothwell, who was thus shrewdly suspected 
as the murderer of her former husband, and the danger the young 
Prince was in by such an union, the Earl of Morton was one of 
the most forward among the nobility, who entered into an associa- 
tion for the preservation of the Prince j and when the Queen re- 
signed the government, to the end her son might be invested in 
the sovereignty, the Earl of Morton took the coronation oath for 
the infant King, at his inauguration, on July 29th, \5Q7- 

In this new turn of affairs the Earl of Morton's share was so 
considerable, that as soon as the Earl of Murray had accepted the 
regency, the Earl of Morton was declared Chancellor, upon the 
removal of the Earl of Huntley, who adhered to the Queen, and 
made heritable lord high admiral of Scotland, and sheriff-principal 
of Edinburghshire, 1 He held the chancellors place till November 
24th, ]572 ; he was by the unanimous choice of the King's party, 
elected regent, a month after the death of his predecessor in office, 
the Earl of Mar, 

" I shall not," continues Craufurd, " here enter upon the de- 
tail of the Earl of Morton's administration during his regency ; 
that would not consist with the brevity of this work 5 and gene- 
rally his proceedings are complained of on one side, or com- 
mended on the other, as opinions and party lead men to : I shall 
only take notice, that the first motion he made to resign the go- 
vernment, in 1378, was accepted in a' general convention of 
the nobility, wherein it was agreed to, that the young King 

q Charta penes Comitem cle Morton, ad annum 1570. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 275 

should take upon him the administration, when he was not fiill 
thirteen years of age; and yet the new court kept fair with the 
Earl, for they procured a parliament to be called, wherein the late 
regent obtained a remi-sion and exoneration during his regency, 
in the most ample manner he himself could devise ; and after 
that he played his game so well, that he was in a short time again 
made president of the council, and was in great credit with his 
Majesty; "■ but that being what was not at all acceptable to the 
other party, who had the young King in their hands, and who 
were willing to be rid of the Earl of Morton at any rate ; for that 
end Sir John Maitland and Sir Robert Melvil, his professed ene- 
mies, brought about his ruin, by pushing on captain James 
Stewart, the Lord Ochiltree's son, to accuse him as accessory to 
the murder of the King's father, which the captain did before the 
council, where the Earl him«;elf was present, on December 31st, 
1580; whereupon lie was committed prisoner to the castle of 
Edinburgh, and was thence sent under a strong guard to Dun- 
barton ; from whence he was, on the 1 st of June thereafter, 
brought to his trial at Edinburgh, and being found guilty by his 
peers, of art and part in the murder of the King's father, in so far 
as he had concealed and not revealed it when the Earl of Both- 
well proposed it to him ; he was condemned to be banged, drawn 
and quartered, which the King was pleased to mitigate so far, that 
instead of being hanged, he had the favour to be beheaded, which 
was accordingly executed on him at the Cross of Edinburgh, on 
June 2d, 1581." 

The following is perhaps a more impartial account of this 
great nobleman. 

He makes a memorable figure in the annals of Scotland. He 
sal out in favour of the reformation, but fluctuated in a state of 
irresolution, and did not act heartily in the common cause. In 
1566, " being inferior to no man in that intriguing age, in all the 
arts of insinuation and address, he wrought upon Darnley's rulino- 
passion, ambition," and instigated him to the murder of Rizio. 
The Earl was then lord chancellor, and he " undertook to direct 
an enterprize, carried on in defiance of all the laws of which he 
was bound to be the guardian." " Tne Queen, who scarce had 
the liberty of choice left, was persuaded to admit Morton and 
Ruthven into her presence, and to grant them promise of pardon, 
in whatever terms they should deem necessary for their own se- 

r Melvil's Memoirs. 



276 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

curity." But " it soon appeared from the Queen's conduct, that 
nothing more was intended by this promise than to amuse them, 
and to gain time." No man so remarkable for wisdom, and even 
for cunning, as the Earl of Morton, ever engaged in a more un- 
fortunate enterprize. Deserted basely by the King, who now de- 
nied his knowledge of the conspiracy by public proclamations ; 
and abandoned ungenerously by Murray and his party, he was 
obliged to fly from his native country, to resign the highest office, 
and to part from one of the most opulent fortunes in the king- 
dom." The Earl, however, and all the other conspirators, soon 
obtained their pardon, and leave to return to Scotland. The next 
year he had an opportunity of seizing the casket, which is deemed 
to contain the evidence of Mary's guilt. The regent Murray 
having been murdered in 1570, " Morton, the most vigilant and 
able leader on the King's side, solicited Elizabeth to interpose 
without delay for the safety of a party so devoted to her interest, 
and which stood in such need of her assistance." " Morton," 
continues Robertson, " the ablest, the most ambitious, and the 
most powerful man of the King's party, held a particular course 
in the state of factions j and moving only as he was prompted by 
the court of England, thwarted every measure that tended towards 
a reconcilement of the factions ; and as he served Elizabeth with 
much fidelity, he derived both power and credit from her avowed 
protection." In 1572, on the death of Lennox, no competitor for 
the regency ^' appeared against Morton. The Queen of Eng- 
land powerfully supported his claim ; and, notwithstanding the 
fears of the people, and the jealousy of the nobles, he was elected 
regent; the fourth, who in the space of five years had held that 
dangerous office." At this time his surrender of the Earl of Nor- 
thumberland, to whose friendship he had been much indebted, 
was deemed an ungrateful and mercenary action. He now la- 
boured to restore peace between the contending parties. He set 
himself to redress the relics of those evils, which always accom- 
pany civil war ; and, by his industry and vigour, order and secu- 
rity were re-established in the kingdom. But he lost the repu- 
tation due to this important service, by the avarice he discovered 
in performing it ; and his own exactions became more pernicious 
to the nation, than all the irregularities which he had committed. 
He soon rendered himself odious to the great nobles. A plot was 
now formed against him : he discovered it, and resigned the re- 
gency, in 1578. " Deserted by his own party, and unable to 
struggle with the faction, which governed absolutely at court, he 



LORD DOUGLAS. ^77 

retired to one of his seats, and seemed to enjoy the tranquillity, 
and to be occupied only in the amusements, of a country life. 
His mind, however, was deeply disquieted with all the uneasy re- 
flections, which accompany disappointed ambition ; and intent on 
schemes for recovering his former grandeur. Even in this retreat, 
which the people call the Lions Den, his wealth and abilities 
rendered him formidable. And the new counsellors were so 
imprudent as to rouse him by the precipitancy with which they 
hastened to strip him of all remains of power." He continued 
to watch tile motions of his enemies, and soon found a proper 
juncture for setting to work the instruments which he had been 
preparing for the resumption of his former authority. By the in- 
tercession of Queen Elizabeth, he was reconciled to his adver- 
saries. The King's new favourites soon attempted to undermine 
him; and as James had been bred up with an aversion for this 
nobleman, who endeavoured rather to maintain the authority of a 
tutor, than to act with the obsequiousness of a minister, they 
found it no difficult matter to accomplish their design. Morton 
endeavoured to counteract them ; but in vain. Even Queen Eli- 
zabeth interposed without effect. He was accused of being acces- 
sary to the murder of Darnleyj and thrown into prison. " The 
Earl of Angus, who imputed these violent proceedings not to 
hatred against Morton alone, but to the ancient enmity between 
the houses of Stewart and Douglas, and who believed that a con- 
spiracy was now formed for the destruction of the whole name, 
was ready to take arms in order to rescue his kinsman. But 
Morton absolutely forbade any such atlempt, and declared that 
he would rather sutfer ten thousand deaths, than bring an impu- 
tation on his own character, by seeming to decline a trial." All 
those suspected of favouring him were now turned out of office. 
He was tried and condemned, after a violent, irregular, and op- 
pressive trial. The King appointed that he should suffer death 
next day, by being beheaded. " During that awful interval, 
Morton possessed the utmost composure of mind. He supped 
cheerfully, slept a -part of the night in his usual manner, and era- 
ployed the rest of his time in religious conferences, and in acts of 
devotion with some ministers of the city. The clergyman who 
attended him, dealt freely with his conscience, and pressed his 
crimes home upon him. What he confessed with regard to the 
crime for which he suffered, is remarkable, and supplies in some 
measure the imperfection of our records. He acknowledged that 
on bis return from England, after the death of Rizio, Bothwell 



2;s PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

had Informed him of the conspiracy against the King, which the 
Queen_, as he told him, knew of, and approved ; that he solicited 
him to concur in the execution of it, which at that time he ab- 
solutely declined J that soon after, Bothwell himself, and Archi- 
bald Douglas, in his name, renewing their solicitation to the same 
purpose, he had required a warrant under the Queen's hand, au- 
thorizing the attempt, and as that had never been produced, he 
had refused to be any farther concerned in the matter. " But," 
continued he, "■ as I neither consented to this treasonable act, 
nor assisted in the committing of it, so it was impossible for me 
to reveal or prevent it. To whom could I make the discovery ? . 
The Queen was the author of the enterprize. Darnley was such 
a changeling, that no secret could safely be communicated to . 
him. Huntley and Bothwell, who bore the chief sway in the 
kingdom, were themselves the perpetrators of the crime." These 
circumstances, it must be confessed, go some length towards ex- 
tenuating Morton's guilt j and, though his apology for the favour he 
had shewn to Archibald Douglas, whom he knew to be one of the 
conspirators, be far less satisfactory, no uneasy reflections seem to 
have disquieted his own mind on that account. When his keepers 
told him that the guards were attending, and all things in I'cadi- 
ness ; " I praise my God," said he, " I am ready likewise." Arran 
commanded these guards, and even in these moments, when the 
most implacable hatred is apt to relent, the malice of his ene- 
mies could not forbear this insult. On the scaffold his behaviour 
was calm ; his countenance and voice unaltered ; and, after some 
time spent in devotion, he suffered death with the intrepidity 
which became the name of Douglas. His head was placed on 
the public jail of Edinburgh ; and his body, after lying till sunset 
on the scaffold, covered with a beggarly cloak, was carried by 
common porters to the usual burial place of criminals. None of 
his friends durst accompany it to the grave, or discover their gra- 
titude and respect by any symptoms of sorrow." ^ 

Upon the death and forfeiture of the regent, the title of Earl 
of Morton was bestowed upon the Lord Maxivetl; but his Ma- 
jesty having recalled and revoked that deed, and being further 
willing and desirous, that all animosities and grounds of conten- 
tion among the nobility might be removed, for that end a parlia- 
ment was called in 1585, wherein his Majesty passed an act of 
oblivion, whereby every body who had been forfeited during the 

i Robertson, 



LORD DOUGLAS. 2Tg 

troubles in the King's minority was indemnified, except such as 
had been accessary to his father's murder : and though the Earl 
of Morton had been convicted of that crime, and suffered for it, 
yet his Majesty considering, " Eona, fidelia, gratuita Servitia 
Nobis facta per quondam Comitem de Morton, in Gubernatione 
et Adniinistratione Nostri Regni j nee non alia debita et egregia 
Officia Nobis in Nostra Mineritate per ipsum praestita et impensa; 
considt^ra.ntes etiam quod dictus quondam Comes de Morton, 
nullatenus conscius fuit Artis et Partis dicti Criminis, neque ejus- 
dem Facinoris et Credis Perpetrationi uUatenus consensit, sed tan- 
tummodo predictam Caedem praecognovit, et celavit-j quam ob 
causam praefatus Comes de Morton in Corpore satis superque luit 
juxta dictatn Sententiam Forisfacturae contra eum latam et pro- 
mulgatam, nnde Legibus et Nostro Honori abunde ex hac Parte 
satisfactum fuit.' Nos igitur, &c." 

For these and other reasons, his Majesty was pleased by letters 
under his great seal, in pursuance of the act of parliament to re- 
habilitate the Earl of Morton, in the most ample manner, thereby 
enabling his heirs to succeed to his lands and honours; by virtue 
whereof, 

Archieald, Earl of Angus, the Earl's nephew, did succeed 
as heir of entail to the Earldom oj Morton, and which he accord- 
ingly enjoyed till his death, which happened in 1588. 

The estate and title oi Earl of Morton, then came to William 
Douglas, of Lochleven, " as the next heir of entail.'' This Earl so 
succeeding, married Agnes, daughter of George Earl of Rothes j 
by whom he had 

Robert, his son and heir apparent, who perished going over 

t Charta penes Comitem de Morton, data 29 January, 158c;. 
u Sir Henry Douglas, of Lugton and Lochleven, third son of Sir John 
Douglas, by Agnes Monfode, married Margery, daughter of Sir Walter Stewart, 
ofRailston, and had issue Sir Wil li am Douglas, of Lochleven, who by 
Elizabeth Lindsay, daughter of David Earl of Crawfurd, was father of Sir 
Henry Douglas, of Lochleven, 14+6, who by Elizabeth, daughter of Robert 
Lord Erskine, had issue Sir Robert Douglas, of Lochleven, who fell at the 
battle of Floddon, 15 13, leaving by Elizabeth Boswell, Sir Robe rt, of Loch- 
leven, who dying before 1540, had by Margaret Balfour, Thomas Douglas, 
father, by r.lizabcth Boyd, of Sir Robert Douglas, of Lochleven, who was 
slain at the battle of Pinkie, 1547, and was father, by Lady Margaret Erskine, 
daughter of John Earl of Marr, of Sir Wil li \m Douglas, of Lochleven, who 
thus succeeded to the Earldom of Mortoriy 1588, in virtue of the last limitation 
in the entail made by James, third Earl, in 1 567. 

" Charta penes Comitem de Morton, ad annum 1589. 



2S0 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

to the low countries in 1583, ^ leaving issue by Jane, his wife, 
daughter of John Lord Glames, ^ a son, William, seventh Earl^ 
who succeeded his grandfather. 

The Earl's second son was James, comraendator of Melross, 
the third Sir Archibald Douglas of Kirkness, the fourth Sir George 
Douglas of Killour j likewise five daughters. 

Christian, married to Laurence, master of Oliphant, and there- 
after to Alexander, first Earl of Hume. 

Mary, to Sir Walter Ogilvy, of Findlater, first Lord Desk- 
ford. 

Euphame, to Sir Thomas Lyon, of Aldbar, ^ lord high trea- 
surer of Scotland, in the reign of King James VI. 

Agnes, to Archibald Earl of Argyle, 

Elizabeth, to Francis Earl of Errol. 

This Earl dying on September 27th, 1 606','^ was succeeded 

by 

William, his grandson and heir, seventh Earl, who being a 
nobleman of great parts and reputation, was by King Charles I. 
called to his council, and thereafter preferred to be Lord High 
Treasurer, anno l630, upon the surrender of the Earl of Mar j^ 
and he continued treasurer till, 1(535, he was removed, and the 
white staff given, to the Earl of Traquair; in recompence of which 
he was constituted captain of his Majesty's guard, and installed 
a Knight of the Garter. 

He married Agnes, daughter of George Earl Marischal, and 
dying October 7th, 1D48, '^ left issue 

First, Robert, his successor. 

Second, Sir James Douglas, thereafter Earl of Morton. 

Third, John, who was killed in the King's service at Carbers- 
dale, in 1650. ^ . . 

Fourth, George Douglas, Esq, 

Likewise five daughters. 

Anne, married to George Earl of Kinoule, 

Margaret^ to Archibald Marquis of Argyle. 

y Hume's Hist, of Douglas. z Charta in Rotulis Jacobi VI. 

a Ibid, ad annum 1589- 
b Hist. EcclesisE Scoticanae, Authore Arch. Symson, Pastore Dalkiethensi, 
MS. in Bibliotheca Academia; Glasguensis. 

c Charta in Rotulis Caroli I. data 13 April 1630. 
<l Memoirs of WillL.n Earl of Morton, the Treasurer, penes me. 
e Memoirs of the family of Morton, 



LORD DOUGLAS. 281 

Mary, to Charles Earl of Dunfermling, 
Jane, to James Earl of Hume. 

Isabel, to Robert, first Earl of Roxburgh ; and again to James 
Marquis of Montrose. 

Which Robert, eighth Earl, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir Edward Villiers, sister to the Lord Viscount Grandison, and 
niece to the great Duke of Buckingham, and dying anno 1649, 
left issue, William, his successor. 
Second, Robert, died s. p. 166I. 

And two daughters ; Anne, married to William Earl Maris- 
chal ; and Mary, to Sir Donald Macdonald, of Slate, Bart. 

Which William, ninth Earl, married Grisel, daughter of 
John, first Earl of Middleton, ^ and had a son Charles Lord Dal- 
keith ; but dying without surviving issue, 168I, his estate and 
honour devolved on 

Sir James Douglas, his uncle, tenth Earl, who dying August 
2oth, ]6S6, s left issue by Anne, his wife, daughter and heir of 
Sir James Hay, of Smithfield, four sons. 

First, James, his successor, eleventh Earl, who was one of the 
lords of the privy-council in the reign of Queen Anne, and one of 
the commissioners for the late treaty of union, which commenced 
in 1707. He died a bachelor, December 10th, 1715. 

Second, Robert, the twelfth Earl, a peer of good parts, of 
great integrity, and well affected to the crown and protestant in- 
terest, as his predecessors were : died unmarried 1730. 

Third, Geokge, thirteenth Earl, a member of parliament from 
the union till he succeeded to the Earldom. 

When a younger brother, he betook himself to a military life, 
and served in the army with great reputation, and was raised to 
the rank of colonel. 

He married, first, Muirhead, daughter of Muirhead, 

of Linhouse in the county of Midlothian, by whom he had a son, 
who died in his infancy. 

He married, secondly, Frances, dangiiter of William Adderley, 
of Halstow in Kent, Esq. by whom he had issue. 
First, James, his successor. 
Second, William, who died young. 

Third, Robert, who went into the army young, and was soon 
promoted to be a captain of foot. He was elected M. P. for Ork- 

f Charta in Rotulls Caroli 11. 
; Memoirs of the Earls of Morton, 



282 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

ney, 1730, and served as a volunteer in the imperial army, 1735. 
He was afterwards raised to the rank of lieutenant-colonel, and 
was killed at the battle of Fontenoy, regretted by all who knew 
him, in 1745. He left a natural son, James Douglas. 

The Earl dying in January, 1738, was succeeded by his eldest 
son, 

James, fourteenth Earl, who was made a Knight of the 
Thistle 1738 ; elected one of the sixteen peers from 1739 till his 
death ; and in 1760, was appointed lord register for Scotland. 

His Lordship married, tirst, Agatha, daughter of Mr. Halli- 
burton, of Pictur, and by her had. 

First, Charles, died young. 

Second, Sholto Charles, the fifteenth Earl, 

Third, James ; fourth, George ; fifth, Robert, all died young. 

Sixth, Frances. 

Seventh, Mary, who married, in April 177^, Charles Gordon, 
fourth Earl of Aboyne, and has issue. 

He married secondly, July 31st, 1755, Bridget, daughter of 
Sir John Heathcote, Bart, of Normanton in Rutlandshire, and had 
issue by her (who died March 3d, 1805.) 

Eighth, John, born July 1st, 1756, married the Hon. Frances 
Lascelles, eldest daughter of Edward, Lord Harewood, and has 
issue; of which his eldest daughter married, April 21st, 1804, 
the Hon. Colonel William Stuart, second son of John, late Earl 
of Galloway, Knight of the Thistle. 

Ninth, Bridget, born April 28th, 1 758, married, August 4th, 
1777, the Hon. William Henry Bouverie, brother of Jacob Pley- 
dell. Earl of Radnor, and has issue. 

The Earl deceasing October 12th, 1768, was succeeded by 
his son, 

Sholto Charles, the fifteenth Earl, who married Catherine, 
daughter of John Hamilton, Esq. by whom he had issue one son, 

George. 

And deceasing September 27th, 1774, was succeeded by his 
only son, 

George, the sixteenth Ear/, who -was, August 11th, 179I, 
created a British Peer by the title of Baron Douglas of Loch- 

LEVEN. 

His Lordship was born I'/SQ. 

Titles, George £)ouglas. Earl of Morton, and Lord Douglas 
of Lochleven. 



LORD DOUGLAS. 283 

Creations, Earl of Morton, March 14tb, 1457, and Lord 
Douglas of Lochleven. 

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth, argent, a man's heart, gules, 
crowned with an imperial crown, or 5 on a chief, azure, three 
mullets of the first ; second and third, argent, three piles, gules, 
and in chief, two stars of the first. 

Crest. A sanglier proper, sticking in the cleft of an oak tree, 
with a lock holding the clefts of the tree together. 

Supporters. Two savages wreathed about the head and middle 
with lanrel, holding a club downward in the dexter hand. 

Motto. Lock Sicker. 

Chief Seat. Aberdour, Fifeshlre. 



2S4 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




THURLOW, LORD THURLOW. 

This is probably a local name derived from a parish in the county 
of Sufiblk. => 

The Rev. Thomas Thurlow, rector ofAshfield in Suffolk,' 
left issue by Elizabeth Smith, ofAshfield aforesaid^ three sons. 

First, Edward, ^r^^ peer. 

Second, Thomas Thurlow, D. D. late Bishop of Durham, 
who in 1/79 was appointed Dean of Rochester; from which he 
was promoted to the Bishopric of Lincoln, 17- • > and thence 
translated in 1787 to the See of Durham. He died May 27th, 
I79lj having married Anne, daughter of William Beer, of Lym- 
ington, Hants. By her, who died August 17th, 1791j he left 
issue, first, Edward, present peer ; second, Thomas, born Sep- 
tember 19th, 1787; third, Amelia; fourth, Elizabeth 3 fifth, 
Anne, who married, April 12th, 1804, Charles Godfrey, Esq. of 
the royal artillery. 

Third, John Thurlow, alderman and merchant of Norwich, 

•who died March 11th, 1782, having married Josephs, daughter 

of John Morse. By her, who died December 10th, 1786, he left 

issue a son, the Rev. Edward-South Thurlow, prebendary of 

Norwich, and rector of Houghton-le-Spring, com. Durham ; and 
also a daughter. 

Edward Thurlow, eldest son, first Lord Thurlow, was 

born about 1732, and having been educated first at Canterbury 

school, and afterwards at Caius college, Cambridge, devoted him- 



a The present family does not appear to clainri any alliance with Thurloe, 
the secretary of state in the time of Cromwell, who bore different arms. 
There is a parish and lordship of Thurlow in this county, long the seat of the 
Soame family. 



LORD THURLOW. 285 

self to the profession of the law, was called to the bar, attained the 
rank of King's counsel in November, 1761 ; was appointed So- 
licitor General in March, 1/70 j and Attokney General 
on June 23d, 177 1. He was returned M. P. for Tamworth in 
Staffordshire in 1768, and I774. 

On June 3d, 17/8, he was appointed to succeed Lord Apsley, 
as Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain ; and the same day 
was raised to the Peerage by the title of Lord Thurlow of 
AsHFiELD in Suffolk. He resigned this high office in April, 
1/83, when the seals were put into commission ; and was re-ap- 
pointed, when Mr. Pitt was nominated prime minister in De- 
cember following. He again resigned them in June, 1 792 j and 
on the 12th of that month was created Lord Thurlow of 
Thurlow in Suffolk, with a collateral remainder of this honour 
to the issue male of his late two brothers, the Bishop of Durham, 
and John Thurlow of Norwich. 

When a commoner, his Lordship was an able coadjutor of 
Lord North in parliament ; and sat on the woolsack during the 
whole time he held the seals with great dignity. And even after 
his retirement, till a short .period before his death, took an active 
part, and had great weight in the house of lords. 

His Lordship died at an advanced age, September 12th, I8O6, 
without issue male. ^ 

The following character is given of him in the Biographical 
Peerage. 

" He was a man, of whose talents opinions have been various. 
His faculties were strong and direct ; and the results of his mind 
decisive. His nervous manner, and imperious temper, gave an 
artificial strength to what he delivered. Whatever he conceived 
right, he had no timidity or hesitation in enforcing. A manly 
tone of sentiment, and a boldness which was admired while it 
was dreaded, gave him almost irresistible weight when clothed 
with authority. These qualities, added to a powerful natural 
sagacity, fitted him to preside over a court of equity with many 
advantages. He never felt himself fettered bv forms and tech- 
nicalities 5 but laid the case bare at once, and got at its essence. 
His head was not formed to be diverted by little difficulties or so- 
fa There were some doubts whether he was not married in early life to a 
daughter of Dean Lynch of Canterbury, by wliom he had a son Charles, who 
died a student at Cambridge. He had three daughters by another lady, of 
whom the eldest married Colonel Samuel Browne, of the York L. I. Vo- 
lunteers, one of the assistant secretaries to the commander-in-chief. 



286' PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

phistries. On the other hand, he was frequently too impatient, 
too dogmatical, and too little open to persuasion, and to all the 
complicated bearings of an entangled cause. ?Iis temper was 
severe, his feelings morose, and his disregard of the world and 
even its innocent passions and foibles, too general and unsparing. 
He made little allowance for a ditFerence of habits or pursuits. On 
the whole, however, he was a man of a superior mind; and in 
many respects filled his high station with great and deserved re- 
putation." 

He was succeeded in the second peerage by his nephew^ Ed- 
ward, the present and second Lord Thurlow. 

His Lordship was born June 11th, 1/81, and is eldest son of 
Thomas Thurlow, late bishop of Durham, who died in 1791- He 
is patentee of the bankrupts-office, and clerk of the custodies of 
idiots and lunatics in possession ; one of the clerks of the Hanaper, 
and one of the prothonotaries of the court of Chancery in rever- 
sion. He is unmarried. 

Title. Edward Thurlow, Lord Thurlow of Thurlow, in Suf- 
folk. 

Creation. By patent, June 12th, 1/92. 

Arms. Argent on a chevron cotised, sable, three port-cuUises, 
with chains and rings, argent. 

Crest. On a wreath, a raven close, proper, with a port-cuUis 
hung round its neck, argent. 

Supporters. Two eagles reguardant sable, a portcullis hung 
round each of their necks, argent. 

Motto. JUSTITI-E SOROR FIDES, 

Chief Seat. 



LORD AUKLAND. 



28/ 




EDEN, LORD AUKLAND. 



The first we find of this family, which has been resident for a 
considerable time in the bishopric of Durham, is, 

John Eden, of Belsis in Durham, Esq. who had a grant of 
the arms, which the family now bear, and married Elizabeth, 
daughter and coheir of William Lambton, of Lambton in Durham, 
Esq. by whom he had issue 

Robert Eden, of IVest AiiMand, living 1575, who married 
Jane, daughter and coheir of John Huton, of Hinwick in Dur- 
ham, and had issue 

John Eden, Esq. who died about 1625, leaving issue by 
Margery daughter of Welbury, of Castle-Eden in Dur- 
ham, Esq. 

Col. Robert Eden, of IVest Auhdand and IVindleston, who 
died about Christmas l6(52, and was buried at St. Helen's Auk- 
land, having married two wives: first, Anne, daughter and 
coheir of Matthew Bee, of Northumberland, Esq. ; secondly, 
Dorothy, daughter of Sir William Wray, .of Bemish in Dur- 
ham. 

By his first wife he had. 

First, John. 

Second, Robert, of Branspeth, who married a daughter of 
Delaval. 

Third, Anne, married to William Svvinborne, of Newcastle. 

By the second he had. 

Fourth, Alexius, who married a daughter of Wray, 

and died without issue. 

Fifth, Catherine. 



288 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

John, the eldest son, died l675, and was buried in St. Helens 
Auckland : he married Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Laton, 
of Laton, in Yorkshire, Knight ; she died about iSsSj by whom 
he had. 

First, Sir Robert, the first Baronet. 

Second, John Eden, a merchant, in Newcastle, who married 

Elizabeth, daughter of Hendmarsh, of Little Bentley, and 

left issue, a son and two daughters. 

Third, Laton Eden, rector of Hartborne in Northumberland, 

■who married a daughter of the Rev. Mr. Johnson, of , by 

whom he had several sons and daughters. 

Fourth, William Eden, who died unmarried. 

Sir Robert Eden, the Jirst Baronet, represented the county 
of Durham in parliament for many years, temp. Car. IL "Will, 
IIL and Anne. He married Margaret, daughter and heir of John 
Lambton, of the city of Durham, Esq. by whom he had issue 
eight sons. 

First, Sir John, his successor. 

Second, Robert, living in 1/''^1, a bachelor. 

Third, William, deceased. 

Fourth, Thomas, D. D. prebendary of Durham, and rector of 
Winston, in the bishoprick of Durham, by the donation of the 
Lord Crew, late bishop of that diocese ; he married Dorothy, 
daughter to the Lord Viscount Downe, of the kingdom of Ire- 
land, and relict of Robert Shafto, of Whitworth, Esq. She died 
without issue, November, 1/34. 

Fifth, Lambton, who died an infant. 

Sixth, George ; seventh, Henry j and eighth Lambton, who 
all died unmarried. 

And several daughters ; first, Margaret, who died 1727> un- 
married ; second, Catherine ; third, Elizabeth, married to Mat- 
thew Whitfield, of Whitfield in the county of Northumberland, 
Esq. ; fourth, Anne ; fifth, Hannah, married lo James Mickleton, 
of the city of Durham, Esq. deceased ; and Mary, who died un- 
married. Sir Robert died March, 1 720, and his relict, July 2d, 
1730. 

Sir John Eden, second Baronet, his eldest son and successor in 
dignity and estate, represented the county of Durham in several 
parliaments, in the reigns of Queen Anne, and King George I. 
He married the daughter of Mark Shafto, of Whitworth, Esq. by 
whom he had one son. 



LORD AUKLAND. 289 

Sir Robert, his successor. 

Sir John died at the Bath, May 2d, 1728 : he was succeeded 
in title and estate by his only son. 

Sir Robert Eden, third Baronet, who married. May 8th, 
1739, Mary, (who died about 179^) youngest daughter to Wil- 
liam Davison, late of Bemish in Durham, Esq. by whom he had 
issue. 

First, Sir John, his successor, the present Baronet, born Sep- 
tember, 1740. 

Second, Sir Robert, late governor of Maryland, created a 
Baronet, September 10th, 1776, who married Caroline, daughter 
and coheiress of Lord Baltimore, and died in I78d, leaving issue. 
Sir Frederick-Morton, the late Baronet, who died I8O9, leaving 
issue. 

Third, Catherine, who married, January 23d, 17/0, the Rev. 
John Moore, D. D. late Archbishop of Canterbury, by whom she 
had issue, George, M. A. in holy orders, prebendary of Canter- 
bury, and rector of Wrotham, Kentj Charles, M. P. for Wood- 
stock J Robert, M. A. prebendary of Canterbury, and rector of 
Latchingdon, Essex 5 and John. 

Fourth, William, now Lord Aukland^ 

Fifth, Thomas, deputy auditor of Greenwich Hospital, died 
in May, 1805, leaving issue eight children. 

Sixth, Dulcibella, married to Matthew Bell, Esq. and has 
issue, Dulcibella, married her cousin, the Reverend Robert Moore, 
M.A. 

Seventh, Morton, Knight of the Bath, married Lady Eliza- 
beth He:iley, sister to the last Earl of Northington, created an Irish 
peer in 1799. by the title oi Lord Henley, and has issue. 

Eighth, Mary, married to the Reverend Richard Richardson, 
M. A. chancellor of St. Paul's, and rector of Elwick and Wittop 
Gilbert, Durham. There were three sons, who all died un- 
married. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son. 

Sir John Eden, the present and fourth Baronet, who, June 26, 
1764, married Catherine, daughter of John Thompson, of Kirby- 
hall, Yorkshire, Esq. This Lady died without issue, March 12th, 
1766, aged twenty-three, and was buried at West-Aukland. Sir 
John married, secondly, April 9th, 1767, Dorothea, sole daughter 
of Peter Johnson, Esq. recorder of York, by whom he has a nu- 
merous family. He long represented the county of Durham in 
parliament. 

VOL. VIII. U 



290 PEERx\GE OF ENGLAND. 

William Eden, third son, and younger brother of the present 
Baronet, is now Lord Aukland, Having been educated at 
Eton, where he formed an intimacy with Lord Carlisle, and other 
men of rank, he went to Christ-church, Oxford, and thence to 
the Middle Temple, where he was called to the bar, in 1769. 
But he made little progress in the lucrative parts of this profes- 
sion J and seems to have early turned his ambition to politics. 
Hence he obtained a seat in parliament, and, in 1778, accom- 
panied Lord Carlisle's diplomatic mission to America, and after- 
wards attended as his chief secretary when that peer went lord 
lieutenant to Ireland, 178O, 1782. He was sworn of the privy- 
council of that kingdom ; and in 1783^ he was also sworn of the 
privy-council of England. 

In December, 1785, he was named envoy extraordinary, and 
minister plenipotentiary to the court of Versailles, for the purpose 
of concluding a treaty of commerce between Great Britain and 
France, which was accomplished, September 26th, 1 786 ; oa the 
15th of January, 1787, he signed, with the Comte de Vergennes, 
a farther convention; and, on August 31st following, he con- 
cluded and signed with the Comte de Montmorin, a convention 
for preventing all disputes between the subjects of their respective 
sovereigns in the East Indies. 

In October and November in the same year, his Lordship, in 
concurrence with the Duke of Dorset, negociated and signed the 
declarations which were exchanged between the courts of London 
and Versailles, relative to the revolution which then took place in 
the United Provinces. 

In March, 1788, he went as ambassador extraordinary and 
plenipotentiary to the court of Spain ; in November, 1789, he 
was appointed ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to 
the States-General of the United Provinces ; and, on the 10th of 
December, 179O, he concluded and signed the convention be- 
tween the Emperor Leopold, the Kings of Great Britain and 
Prussia, and the States-General of the United Provinces, relative 
to the affairs of the Netherlands. 

For these services he was raised to the Irish peerage by the 
title oi Lord Aukla?id, November ISth, 17S9. 

He was farther dignified by a peerage of Great Britain, by the 
title of Lord Aukland of Aukland, in the county of Durham, 
May 23d, 1793. 

In 1798, 1799j a"d 1801, he was appointed joint postmaster- 
general, and has, at various times, filled other high and lucrative 



LORD AUKLAND. 291 

offices : but is at present in opposition. He is auditor and director 
of Greenwich Hospital, &c. 

His Lordship is a man of literature ; a constant debater in 
parliament ; of manners well adapted for diplomacy ; and of great 
industry, and detailed information. About 1776, he published 
Four Letters to Lord Carlisle on Finance, which obtained him 
some credit ; ^ and is since supposed to have written some poli- 
tical pamphlets. 

His Lordship married, September 26, 177^^ Eleanor, youngest 
daughter of the Rt. Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliott, ofMinto, Baronet 
(father of the present Lord Minto), and by her has issue : 

First, Eleanor Agnes, born in London, June Qth, 1777 3 mar- 
ried, June 1st, 1799. Robert, Earl of Buckinghamshire, 

Second, Catherine-Isabella, born in New York, September 
20th, 1778; married, July 22d, I8O6, the Rt. Hon. Nicholas 
Vansittart, and died 1810. 

Third, Elizabeth-Charlotte, born in London, March 21st, 
I780j married, March 31st, 1801, Lord Francis Godolphin Os- 
born, brother to the Duke of Leeds. 

Fourth, Caroline, born at the Phoenix-Park, Dublin, July 
29th, 178I ; married, June 17th, I8O6, Arthur Vansittart, Esq. 
late M. P. for Windsor. 

Fifth, William-Frederick-Elliott, born in London, January 
Igtb, 1782, one of the Tellers of the Exchequer, ^ was drowned 
in the Thames early in 1810. He was M. P. for Wookstock. 

Sixth, George, born at Beckenham in Kent, August 25th, 
1784. 

Seventh, Henry, born In Paris, April 28th, 1786, and died 
June 13th, 1794. 

Eighth, Mary-Louisa, born at St. Ildefonso in Spain, Sep- 
tember 14th, 17885 married, June 26th, I8O6, Andrew Wed- 
derburn, Esq. 

Ninth, George-Charles- William-Frederick, born at theHague^ 
April 23d, 179] ; died December 1798. 

Tenth, Mary-Dulcibella, born at Beckenham, September 1st, 
1793. 

Title. William Eden, Lord Aukland.of Aukland, and Lord 
Aukland of Ireland. 

» His chief work is, On the principles of Ptnal La-w. 
b On this vacancy the Rt. Hon Charles Yorke was appointed to the 
Tellersiiip. 



292 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND 

Creations. The English Barony by patent May 23d_, 1 793 j 
the Irish Barony by patent November 18th, 1789. 

Arms. Gules, a chevron charged with three escallops between 
three garbs, or 5 a mullet for difference. 

Crest. An arm embowed in mail, grasping a garb- 

Supporters. Two horses, the dexter guardant. 

Motto. Si sit Prudentia, 

Chief Seat. Eden Farm, Beckenhara, Kent. 



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 293 




FITZPATRICK, LORD UPPER OSSORY. 

fEARL OF UPPER-OSSORY IN IRELAND. J 

The noble family of Fitzpatkick is said to be descended from 
Hereraon, son of Milesius, King of Spain, and the first Irish mo- 
narch of the Milesian race} their descent is deduced by the an- 
cient heralds of this kingdom in a long train of succession from 
father to son, little worth the reader's notice j and therefore we 
shall only observe, that they tell us, in the sixty-seventh descent, 
lived FiTZKERVAiLL, ancestor to the numerous sept of the Brenans 
of Idough, in the county of Kilkenny, (which forms a part of the 
Castlecomer estate, now in possession, in right of his mother, of 
the Earl of Ormond) and was succeeded by his son Fitzkelli, 
the father of Dokatus, the father of Donald, whose son Fitz- 
PHADRUAiG, W2S father of FiTzscANLAN CMoreJ Macgiolla Pha- 
druaig, from whom the name of Macgill Patrick, now softened 
into Fitzpatkick, is derived. 

To him succeeded his son Donald, the father of 

Geoffry, who by O'Meaghir's daughter had 

A son of his own name, who married the daughter of Richard 
(More) Tobin, and had 

DoNALDus (Donogh) Prince of the territory of Upper- Ossory 
in the province of Leinster, who in the year JO27 put out the 
eyes of his kinsman Teige Macgillo Patrick ; married the 
daughter of the chief O'Brenan of Idough, and died in lOSp, 
leaving 

Donald Macdoiiald Macgill Patrick, Prince of Ossory, who 
was slain in IO87, and by the daughter of Macmurrogh, lord of 
the province of Leinster, left 



394 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Fynin (Fyncene, or Florence) his heir;, who by the daughter 
of O'Kerrol, had 

A son of his own name, who married a daughter of Edmund 
Butler^ and had 

John, or Shane Macgill Patrick, who by the daughter of 
O'Molloy, had 

Bryan,* Bernard, or Barnaby (Bernardus) Macgill Patrick, or 
Fitxpatrick, chief of Upper-Ossory, Hving in the reigns of King 
Henry VIl. and VIII. to the latter of whom, in 1522, he sent an 
express messenger, to complain of Pierce, Earl of Ormond, L. D. 
who taking an opportunity to meet the King as he was going to 
chapel, delivered his embassy in these words : " Sta pedibus, Do- 
mine Rex, Dominus meus Gillapatricius me misit ad te, et jussit 
dicere, quod si non viscastigare Petrum Rufum, ipse faciet Bellum 
contra te." He married the daughter of O'More, Lord of Leix, 
and was father of 

Barnard, Barnabas, Barnaby, or Bryan (for so he was indis- 
criminately named) Macgill Patrick, who, October 8th, 153/, 
made his submission to the King's commissioners for the settle- 
ment of the kingdom, after the rebelUon of the Fitzgeralds was 
suppressed, who had entered into indentu es with him, that he 
should be Baron of Cowchill, or Castleton, and have the lands in 
Upper-Ossory granted to him at the yearly acknowledgement of 
three pounds to the crown, of which he chose to be created Baron, 
and had that title conferied upon him by patent, '' bearing date at 
Dublin, June 11th, 1541, (33 Hen. Vill.) entailing the honour *= 
on his issue malej ^ was knighted July ]st, 1543, but was after- 

a Here is a great deficiency of generations to fill up tlie interval from 
Donald Prince of Ossory, 1087. 

b The Preamble. Sciatis quod nos grata et laudabilia Obsequia, qu» di- 
lectus et fidelis Subditus noster Barnardus Macgylle Patrick .\i niiger nobis 
impendit, indiesqiie impendere non deiistit ; necnon Cil•cl■!n,^pectioncm et 
Strenuitatem, ac Fidelitatem ipsius Barnardi intime considerantes, ex certa 
Scientia et mero motu nostris, de Gratia nostra speciali prjefatuni Barnardufn 
ad Statum, Gradum, Dignitatem et Honorem Baronis de Uppyre-Ossory in 
Terra nostra Hiberniae ereximus, &c. 

c Rot. Pat. de Ao. 32, 330.Hen. VIII. i'. p f . R 11. 

d The King also, ]uly i-;t, 15431 sent his directions, that a grant should 
pass to him and his heirs male, of a house and parcel oi land near Dublin, not 
exceeding the value of 10/. a year, in pursuance whereof December 5th) were 
assigned him the grange of Balgeeth, otherwise Harold's grange, otherwise the 
grange on the marches ; a water-mill and the water-course there, with the 
ways and paths leading thereto and therefiom, to hold by the service of one 
knight's fee. Having also the grant of a Thursday market and fairs, with 
the house of the friars at Aghavoe, (or Aghaboe) and the monastery of Agh- 
Bfiacartj in the Queen's county. -' 



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 2^5 

wards taken prisoner and confined in the city of Waterford^ 
until he had made restitution for some preys he had seized in 
Leix. He married, first, Margaret, eldest daughter of Pierce, 
Earl of Ormond, widow of Thomas Fitzgerald, second son of the 
Earl of Desmond, by whom he had four sons and one daughter, 
viz. Barnaby (Oge) his heir 3 Fynin, or Florence, who succeeded 
his brother J Teige, or Thady, (who in 1546 was sent prisoner 
to Dublin by his father, and there executed for his crimes) ; 
GeotFryj and Grany, married to Edmund, the second Viscount 
Mountgarret. His second wife was Elizabeth, third daughter of 
Bryan O'Conor, of OfFaley, by his wife Mary, daughter of Gerald, 
Earl of Kildare ; but by her, who survived him, and July 25th, 
1551, had a license to go into England, he is said to leave no 
issue J yet we find mention made in Sir Henry Sidney's state 
papers, of two other sons, Callagh, and Tirlagh. 

Sir Barnaby Fitzpatrick, the second Lord, was of full age 
at his father's death, and enjoyed a large share of esteem from 
King Edward VI. to whom he was a frequent companicm, and so 
much endeared, that his Majesty was said to love none almost but 
him, which is sufficiently evinced by the many kind letters the 
young King wrote to him in 1551, and which are still extant, 
whilst he served as a volunteer in France, under King Henry II. 
against the Emperor, After his return from that kingdom, he 
behaved with great bravery against Sir Thomas Wyat, who had 
raised distur'oances in England, and in 1558 was knighted by the 
Doke of Norfolk at the siege of Leith in Scotland, in the begin- 
ning of Queen Elizabeth's reign; in whose parliament, held at 
Dublin, January 12th, 1559, he was'present. 

The L. D, Sidney, in his relation of the state of the king- 
dom, sent to the lords of the council from Wateiford, December 
16th, 1575, makes this honourable mention of him: '' Upper- 
Osserie is so well governed and defended, by the valor and wise- 
dome of the Baron that nowe is as, savinge fof suerlie of good 
order here after in succession, it made no matter, if the countrie 
were never shired, nor her Majesties wrirt otherwise curraunt 
than it is; so humblye he keepeth all his people suiect to obe- 
dience and good order; and yet united to some shire it shal be, 
and the Baron hym self verye well rgreeinge to yeeld both fyne, 
rent, and service, as other countries, latelye brought to soch frame 
doe and shall doe."'' The L. D. at that time constituted him 

>i Sidney's Lesters, vol. i. p X3. 



^gS PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

L. L. of the King's and Queen's counties, with divers Irish 
countries adjoining, which were much better preserved in peace 
and quiet, than they had been, by his diligence, pojicy, and 
careful service : insomuch that the next year the deputy informed 
the council of England, that the O'Mores and O'Conors did not 
exceed the number of 100 fighting men, nor of that company, 
not above four able to lead to any exploit ; so much of late had 
they been bereft of their principal men by the great dili^'ence, 
policy and pains taking of the Lord of Upper Ossory, Mr, Crosbye, 
Mr, Harpoole, and Owen Macugo. ^ 

In 15/8, the great rebel Rory Oge O'More, who then stood 
proclaimed, having burnt the towns of Naas, Leighlin-Bridgc, 
and part of Carlow, sent a well instructed spy, June 2pth, to en- 
trap the Lord Upper-Ossory, his powerful prosecutor, by inform- 
ing him, as if in great friendship and secrecy, that Rory h.A been 
of late in the county of Kilkenny, and taken a great prey of all 
sorts of household stuff, which might easily be recovered, and he 
with his company taken, which he also falsely represented to be 
few in number. His Lordship neither wholly believing nor mis- 
trusting the intelligence, prepared for the enterprize ; but wisely 
suspecting and providing for the worst, took a strong party o .' 
horse and foot, and when he approached the appointed place, 
sent thirty of his men into the woods to search for Rory, staying 
with the rest to attend the event. The company no sooner en- 
tered the wood, than Rory appeared with near an equal number 
of attendants, the rest lying in ambush ; but as soon as his Lord- 
ship's Kerne perceived him, they gave him the charge, and one of 
them thrusting him through the body with his sword, two oi' 
three more fell upon him, and gave him such mortal wounds, that 
he died, June 30th, in the morning; and thus (says the L. D. in 
his advice hereof to the council of England) ended the life of this 
rebel, who by the maintenance of his neighbours, and supply of 
aids from some of his friendly borderers, had so long continn:mce, 
to the charge of the Queen, and disquiet of the state ; concluding, 
" And in the mean tyme, I humblye beseach your Lordships ef- 
fectuallye to thank my Lord of Upper Osserie, v\ho, of his own 
chardgp, and with his owne forces onelye, without her Majesties 
pay, hath adventured hym selfe in the service, and so happelye 
hath atchieved it to his greate estimacion and creditt," ^ Nay, so 
disinterested was his Lordship in this and all his services to the 

« Sidney's Letters, vol. i. p, 167. f Ibid- p. 264. 



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 297 

state, that when the L. D. offered him the 1000 marcs, due by 
proclamation for Rory's head, he would only accept of 100 /, to be 
divided among his men, for their present reward and future en- 
couragement. 

In 1579, he attended the deputy into Munster against James 
Fitzmaurice, who had arrived there with some Spaniards ; in con- 
sideration of which he enjoyed a pension in England ; received 
warrants for above 300/. and had a grant of the next presentation 
and right of patronage to the rectory of Donaghmore in the diocese 
ofOssory, for any fit person he should nominate: and in 1580, 
Sir Henry Sidney, in his instructions to his successor Arthur, Lord 
Grey, how to proceed in his government, thus recommends his 
Lordship to him : '' And nowe, my good Lord and beloved com- 
panion, I will sease to wright of any matter, and to treate a little 
of men ; the moste sufficient, moste faithful kinde that ever I 
founde there, were the Barron of Upper-Ossery, Sir Lucas Dillon, 
and Sir Nicholas Malbie^ these for princepale men both for 
coun cell and action j and who ever moste diligentlie and fait h- 
fuUie discharged that which I comitted to them, and trulie they 
be men of greate sufficiencie." g 

In 1560, he married Joan, daughter of Sir Rowland Eustace, 
Viscount Baltinglas, by his wife Joan, daughter of James, Lord 
Dunboyne, by whom he had an only daughter Margaret, ^ the 
first wife to James, Lord Dunboyne (grandson of the aforesaid 
James), who died February 18th, 1624^ and making his will in 
Dublin, September 9th, 1581, ' bequeaths divers lands and goods 
to his lady for life, remainder to his daughter and her children ; 
and (among other legacies) to his brother Florence all his wyle 
stoode, all his armour, shirts of mail, and other furniture of war, 
saving that which served for both the houses of the Borriedge 
and Killenye, which, after his wife's decease or marriage, he 
wills to remain for the furniture of those two castles constantly. 
He leaves to him likewise half his pewter and brass ; all his tythes 
in Ossory (except those ot Achavoe, bequeathed to his wife) all 
tlie plate left him by his father 3 all his horses ; his robes of par- 



g Sidney's Letters, vol. i. p 285. 
h See examination of witnesses taken February 15th, 1^81, before Adam, 
Archbishop of Dublin, and Lord Chancellor; ad perpetuam Rei mcmoriam, 
upon a bill, with certain interrogatories, exhibited by James Butk-r, Baron ef 
Dunboyne, A". 270. Eliz. D. 

i Ora deed (says Mr. Lodge), Septembsr Qth, 15S1, ^3'' Eliz. 



29S PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

liament ; and the whole disposition of such lands as his othei- 
brethren possessed, which were but at will, to hold as the same 
was left himself by his father ; they to enjoy it so long as they 
served him truly and faithfully. His feoffees, after his wife's 
death, to stand seized of all the estate in the Queen's county, to 
the use of his daughter Margaret and her heirs, until such time as 
his brother Fynin, or any other after him, v/ho should be Lord 
Baron of Upper-Ossory, should pay to her or them the sum of 
200Z. English, and dying September Uth, 1581, (23 Eliz.) at 
two o'clock in the afternoon, at the house of William Kelly, sur- 
geon, in Dublin, ^ was succeeded by his brother 

Fynin, or Florence, the third Lord, December 11th, 1581, 
being of full age, as was proved by inquisition 24 Eliz. ; but had 
a controversy concerning his legitimacy with Teige Macshane 
Macgill Patrick, of Ballygihen in the Queen's county, Gent, then 
a poor blind man, who alledged bastardy against him (no uncom- 
mon thing at that time), of which he was acquitted by a decree, 
dated May 12th, 1607. ' He sat in Sir John Perrot's parliament 

k See deposition bill, wherein the said Kelly deposed as above, and that 
his Lordship died in Mind. 

1 Teige Macshane pretended to be his Lordship's nephew by his younger 
brother Shane, who had also another son, Dermot Macshane, who joined with 
the rebels, and caused the castle of Ballygihen to be burnt. This allegation 
his Lordship was so far from allowing, that he charged the said Shane and 
all his sons with bastardy : which Teige denied, and averred himself to be his 
heir male lawfully begotten, and born in lawful matrimony by Ellene Butler, 
daughter of the Lord Viscount Mountgarret. In answer to this. Lord Upper 
Ossory alledged, that the said Shane first married Onory, daughter of O'Doyne 
of Iregan, with whom he lived as man and wife a long time, but forsook her 
and kept the said Ellene Butler, a bastard and supposed daughter to the said 
Lord Mountgarret, and upon her begot the complainant, his supposed son, in 
the life-time of the said Onory Doyne his wife. Teige denied this, and 
averred thai Onory was never married in face of holy church to his father 
Shane, nor was his lawful wife ; but that the said Ellene Butler was his law- 
ful wife : and charged that Lord Upper Ossory could no way claim the lands 
of Ballygihen, &c. in descent, for that Joan ny CarrouU was wife, and married 
in face of holy church to his pretended father Bryan Macgille Patrick, during 
which intermarriage in the life of the said Joan, Florence was born of thr 
body of Margaret Butler, out of all espousals ; and thcieforc had his father 
Teige died without heirs (as he did not), for that the said Teige averred him- 
self to be his lawful son and heir, he could no way claim the said lands for 
that very cause- To this his Lordship rejoined, that he was born in lawful 
matrimony between the said Bryan and Margaret Butler, daughter of the 
Earl of Ormoiid, and that Joan ny CarrouU was never married to the said 
Bryan. Upon which, and the examination of witnesses, it appearcd,Hhnt the 
chief pnir.t in controversy was the bastardy imputed to Tcigc i which, was so 



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 299 

in 1585 J was strictly loyal, and faithful in his allegiance to the 
crown ; and in the year 16OO repaired to the Queen, to remind 
her Majesty of his dutiful conduct and service j and upon his de- 
parture made humble suit, that for the better establishment of 
peace and quiet in the countiy of Upper-Ossory, and the further- 
ance of her service, she would vouchsafe to reduce the same into 
shire-ground, and annex it to the Queen's county ; and to grant 
unto him in fee-farm some privileges and church livings, lying 
within the limits of his seigniory, not exceeding 20 1, a year j as 
namely, the patronage of Aghavoe, the small abbies ofAghavoe 
and Aghmacart, the parsonages of Attemagh, alias Attanagh, 
Cowlkirrie, Killenye, and Eirke. Whereupon her Majesty, by 
privy-seal from Greenwich, July 21st, was pleased to declare, 
that such was her gracious acceptation of his long approved loyalty 
and service, especially in those times of tumults, when others had 
degenerated from their obedience, that in her princely favour and 
bounty she was pleased, that the said territory of Upper-Ossory 
should be reduced by patent into shire-ground and annexed to 
the Queen's county; and further, to grant to him and his heirs 
the aforesaid premises. ■" He married Catherine, daughter of 

jufficiently proved, that the Lord Chancellor and court were satisfied that he 
was a bastard, and May 12, 1607, adjudged the lands to Lord Upper Ossory. 
Rot. Pat. 6 Jac I. 2<ia. p. D. R 21, 

m Accordingly, by patent dated at Westminster, August i6th, 1600, were 
granted to him and his son John, the honours, castles, lordships, manors and 
towns of Cowlchill, Formoyle, Grace-Castle, Water-Castle, Tentoure, Castle- 
Town, Burrishe, Donnaghmore, Flemingstown, &c. in the country of Upper 
Ossory; together with alltheadvowsons of churches and other hereditaments 
whatsoever, which before that time did appertain to him within the said 
country, to hold to him and his said son John, and the heirs male of their re- 
spective bodies ; remainder to his sons GcofFry, Barnaby, and Edmund, and 
their heirs male ; remainder to the heirs male of his own body ; remainder to 
those of his father Barnabas, Lord Upper Ossory ; remainder to those of Bar- 
nabas his grandfather; to hold by the service of an entire knight's fee, a 
hawk, and 7/. Irish, annual rent. By this confirmation of the estate, Teige, 
his Lordship's eldest son, was deprived of his birthright; but, after his father's 
death, insisting on his right, great variances ensued to the detriment of the 
fortune; the arbitration of which being at length by their joint petition re- 
ferred te King James I. his Majesty to that purpose wrote the following 
letter, dated at Salisbury, August 7th, 1618. 

" Right Trusty, &c. 

'* Wheare we are informed by the humble petition of our faithful subn 

jects Teige, Lord Baron of Upper Ossory, Barnaby Fitzpatrick, his son and 

heir apparent, and John Fitzpatrick, second brother to the said Lord Baron, 

that the determination of the long controversies between tliem for the barony 



300 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Patrick O'More, of Leix in the Queen's county, head of that sept 
(some call her Joan, daughter of Rory O'More), and dying in the 
reign of James I. had issue five sons and two daughters, viz. 
First, Thady (Teige) his successor. 

Second, John, of Castletown, ancestor to Lord Upper Ossory, 
Third, GeofFry, of Ballyraghin or Ballyharagh, who July 31st, 
1629, had a grant of that place and other lands, containing one 
thousand seven hundred and eighteen acres of arable and pasture 
land, and two thousand one hundred and thirteen of wood and 
bog, as a native, in the territory of Upper-Ossory, to be holden 
in capite, and at the rent of 8 /. English, which were erected into 

of Upper Ossory in the Queen's county hath rested, and by and with their 
consents, by the order of our L. D and council there, according to our desire 
and command to that effect ; and that a certain proportion of the said barony 
in the meane, and of the rents and services of the pretending freeholders of 
the rest of the said barony, were allotted to each of them by the said order ; 
and that most part of the said pretending freeholders have conveyed their 
lands unto our said subject John Fitzpatrick and his heirs, and that the rest 
are ready to do the like; and therefore have been humble suitors unto us, 
that we would be graciously pleased to accept from them several surrenders 
of the several proportions of the said barony to them severally intended by 
the said order; and thereupon to grant unto them and their heirs, several 
letters patent of the said several proportions respectively ; which suit being 
unto us reasonable, and the rather that they have conformed themselves to 
our pleasure in the difference between them, we are graciously pleased, and 
do hereby require you to issue commissions to inquire what lands, &c. are 
within the said several proportions, and upon return thereof, to accept fron^ 
the said Lord Baron, Barnaby and John, a surrender of all the manors, castles, 
&c. within the said barony, and to grant the same to the Lord Baron for term 
of his life, the remainder to the said Barnaby and his heirs, of all such castles, 
lands, &c. as shall be found to be the proportion of them respectively, and to 
make a like grant to John of what shall be found to be his proportion, and to 
his heirs. And our further pleasure is, that all the premises granted to the 
Lord Upper Ossory shall be created one entire manor, by the name of the 
manor of Cowlchill, and those granted to John, into the manor of Castle- 
town O'Farralen." 

Queen Elizabeth also by another patent, dated April 10th, 1601, in con- 
sequence of her said warrant from Greenwich of July 2ist, 1600, in considera- 
tion of his good, true, faithful, and acceptable services, confirmed to him and 
his heirs the site and circuit of the monastery of Aghmacarle, with all its ap- 
purtenances; a water-mill, the tythes of grain and hay of the rectory of Agh^ 
jiiacarte, with the tythes of the town of Cowlchill; the site and circuit of the 
friary of Athbone, otlierwise Aghavoe, and the rectories of Cowlkerry rnd 
Aghmagh, Eirke, Glashaier, Killynny, and St. Kenny ofAghavoe, in the 
Queen's county ; which grant was confirmed by King James I. May 13th, 
i6ii, to be held of the crown in fee farm, at the rent of ^3/. 'is. id. Iiibh 
iponey. 



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 301 

the manor of Ballyraghin, with power to hold one thousand two 
hundred and seventy-five acres in demesne, and two fairs at Errile 
on June 1st, and August 4th, with other privileges. He married 
Mary, daughter of Fergus Ferrall, of Tenelick in the county of 
Longford, Esq. widow of Sir John O'Reily, and dying at Bally- 
raghin, August 13th, 1038, had issue by her (who, June 30th, 
l6l5, had a pension of 80/. a year granted for life, to be paid out 
of the crown rents of Ulster) two daughters, Ellice and Cathe- 
rine, the younger of whom died unmarried, and the elder was 
first married to Thomas Butler, of Pollardstown in the county of 
Limerick, Esq. fifth son of James, the second Lord Dunboyne, 
who dying April 24th, l637> had issue James ; Margaret j Mary ; 
Ellen; and Ellice: she re-married with William Burke also of 
Pollardstown, younger son of Theobald the first Lord Brittas, who 
being hanged at Limerick by Ireton in l653, had issue by her, 
Theobald, the third Lord Brittas (successor to his uncle John, who 
died in l668) ; Richard; and Honora. 

Fourth, Barnaby, or Bryan Fitzpatrick, of Water-Castle, who, 
by virtue of the commission for the plantation of the Queen's 
county, dated at Dublin, September 4th, 1026, had a grant No- 
vember 20th, of the whole estate of the family, as a native, upon 
the plantation of Upper Ossory. " 

Fifth, Edmond, of Castle-Fleming, living in 1641, the father 
of Andreas, or Andrew, of that place, who was engaged in the 

n Which was computed to contain 778J acres of arable and pasture lands , 
and 3957 of wood and bog, with the monastery of Aghmacarte, the tythes of 
Cowlchill, &c. which were erected into the manor of Cowlchilli with the 
privilege of holding courts, a Tuesday and Saturday market, and a fair on 
May 1 6th, at Shanbally near Cowlchill, and to impark looo acres, with free 
warren and chace. He had also a grant by the same patent, jointly with 
Thomas Ho venden, Esq. of the castle, towns and lands of Castle-Fleming, 
then in the tenure of his brother Edmond ; and the King further granted to 
him and the said Hovenden the towns and lands of Cooletrym, Brokery, &c. 
amounting to 777 acres of arable and pasture, and 665 of wood and bog, which 
had been lately assigned to them of the natives' lands, to the use of his said 
brother Edmond and his heirs male; remainder to the use of the noble 
Thady, otherwise Teige, then Lord of Upper Ossory, and his heirs male; re- 
mainder to the use of the heirs male of Florence, late Baron of Upper Ossory ; 
remainder to the right heirs of the said Florence; and the premises were 
erected into the manor of Castle Fleming. Also, to the said Bryan and Tho- 
mas were granted many other lands in the said county, in trust for Daniel 
Fitzpatrick; John Maccallowe Fitzpatrick; Bryan Fitzpatrick, of Garranj 
Donell Macshane Fitzpatrick, of Ballytarsney ; Dermot Fitzpatrick, of 
Clonyb ; and Deimot Macteige Oge of Akipp. 



302 PEERAGE OF' ENGLAND. 

rebellion. The daughters were, Catherine, " married in May., 
1592, to James Eustace, of Newland in the county of Kildare, 
Esq. son and heir to John Eustace of that place, who died Ja- ^ 
nuary 18th, 1607, leaving his said son (by his wife Ellice Barne- ! 
wall) then thirty-five years old, and by him, who died October 
13th, 1640, had Christopher Eustace, Esq. who married Anne, 
daughter of Redmond Fitzgerald, of Tiraochoe in the same 
county, Esq. 3 and Joan, to John Butler, son and heir to James, 
Lord Dunboyne. p 

Thady, or Teige, the fourth Lord of Upper Ossory, was 
rated 100 marcs to the subsidy, July 8th, lQ\5. He received his 
Majesty's letters, dated at Salisbury, August 7th, 16I8, directing 
his Lordship, his son Bryan, and brother John, to surrender their J 
lands, and pass new patents for the same, which was accordingly 
performed. He married Joan, daughter of Sir Edmond Butler, of 
Tullow hi the county of Carlow, second son of James, Earl of 
Ormond, and grand-daughter of Earl Pierce ; and dying in De- 
cember, 1627j was buried in the Abbey of Aghmacarte, the burial 
place of the family, having issue by her, who died in 1031, 
and was interred in the cathedral of St. Canice, Kilkenny, four A 
sons and four daughters, viz. Barnaby, his successor 5 Dermoid, "' 
or Darby (who first married Ehin, daughter of Nicholas Shortall, 
of Claragh in county of Kilkenny, Esq ; and secondly, Ellinor, 
daughter of Richard Comerford, of Ballybirr in the same county, 
Esq. widow of John Kennedy, of Ballynegarry in Tipperary, Esq.) ; 
Tirlagh, or Turlogh (executor to his mother's will, dated Sep- 
tember 10th, 1()31, whose wife was Onora, daughter of Oliver 
Grace, of Courtstovvn in the said county, Esq.) j John ; Margaret, 
married to Thomas Hovenden, of Tankerston in the Queen's 
county, Esq.) j Onora ; Joan, married to William Butler, of 
Lynon in Tipperary, Esq. ; and Catherine,'' February 6th, 1637, 
to Callaghan Fitzgerald, of Cloquhoyle in the Queen's county, 
Gent. 

Bryan, or Barnaby, ihe fifth Lord, a noble young gentleman^ 
took his seat in parliament July 14th, 1634,'' and married Mar- 
garet, eldest daughter of Walter, Earl of Ormond, but died in the 
prime of his years, having issue by her (who was living his widow 
at Water-Castle in the time of the rebellion of l64l,in which re- 

o Articles, or deed of fcoffrnent, dated May 3d, 1592. . , 

p See Cahier, N- 
<i Ulster's Office. r Lords Journals, vol i, p. 3. J 



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 303 

bellion she was engaged, sent out all her tenants of Water-Castle, 
&c. under the command of William Skendy, her bailiff, withsonae 
of her younger children, brought the stolen goods into her house 
and park, and took them to her own use) ' Bryan, or Barnabas, his 
heir J Edward j and Derby. 

Bryan, the sixth Lord, took his seat in the house of peers 
March i6th, 1(539, and after the irruption of the rebellion, en- 
gaged therein with the Irish of Ossory, whom about Easter 1642 
he accompanied to the siege of Borras, in l643 to ^Aa^ofBally- 
nakill, with his brother Edward, for which he was indicted of 
high treason ; but after the restoration, his Lordship claiming his 
seat in parliament, it was referred. May 20th, l66l, to the com- 
mittee for privileges to consider, whether being indicted of high 
treason and not outlawed, he should be admitted to sit in the 
house ? ' On September 20th, the Lord Viscount Massereene 
reported, that the committee were of opinion, that as he was only 
indicted and not outlawed, or any ways attainted, he was not de- 
prived from sitting in parliament : with which report the house 
concurred. He married Catherine, daughter of Sir Edward 
Everard, of Fethard in Tipperary, Knight, and had three sons and 
two daughters, viz. Bryan, his successor; John, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Bryan Cavenagh, of Polymonty in the 
county of Carlow, and had issue Bryan, Catherine, and Mary j 
James, who died in England ; Ellen and Mary, who both died 
young. 

Bryan, the se'venth Lord of Upper Ossory, had a pension of 
100/. a year from King Charles IL which, January 1st, l687, 
was continued by King James ; in whose army he served as a 
captain in Clancarthy's regiment, and for his conduct in that 
station was outlawed in the county of the city of Dublin, May 
11th, 1691 3 but in the act to hiuder the reversal of several out- 
lawries and attainders (passed 6 King William) it was provided, 
that the same should not extend to confirm the outlawries of 
Barnaby, late Baron of Upper Ossory, but that the same might be 
capable of being reversed in such manner, as if that act had never 
been made. His first wife was Margaret, daughter of Pierce, the 
first Viscount of Ikerrin, by whom he had Bryan, who died at 
Downpatrick, unmaiTied, of the small pox in l687j Keran ; 
Mary ; John and Catherine, who died infants. His second wife 
was Margaret, daughter and heir to James, Lord Dunboyne j and 

« Lodge Collect t Lords Journalsi vol. i. p. 236, 



304 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

his third Dorothy, daughter of WagstafFe j and departing 

this Hfe before the year 1696, a clause in her favour was inserted 
In the act for vesting the forfeited estates in trustees j and she re- 
ceived from King William an estate for ninety-nine years, if she 
should so long live, in Kilballintallin, Killboy, and other lands in 
the Queen's county 3 " also, upon her petition, leave was given by 
the house of commons, February 21st, 1701, for a bill to make 
the said clause more effectual. To the said Barnaby, or Bryan^ 
Lord Upper Ossory, succeeded Barnaby Fitzpalrick, Esq. his 
nephew, (son of his brother John) who assumed the title, which 
was disallowed by the house of lords December 2d, l6g7, who 
found from the report of the committee appointed to inspect the 
journals, that the said Barnaby, or Bryan, was outlawed May 1 1th 
preceding,''' and died in i6g8 ; which was again ineti'ectually laid 
claim to by Lieutenant James Fitzpatrick, who had one son 
Henry 5 and the said Henry, in January 1749-.50, married Jane, 
daughter of Mr. Richard Farrcn. And November 15th, 1/3 l> 
the Earl of Cavan reported from the committee, appointed to con- 
sider of the return of the lords, made by the king at arras to the 
clerk of the house, that they had come to the following resolu- 
tion, viz. Resolved, that it is the opinion of this committee, 
that the honours of the late noble lords undernamed are extinct, 
and ought to be left out of the list of the peers of this kingdom, 
Sanderson, Viscount Castletown ; Fitzpatrick, Baron of Upper Os- 
sory J Folliott, Baron of Ballyshannon ; Gorges, Baron of Dun- 
dalk; and Tichbourn, Baron Ferrard. To which the house 
agreed ; and the king at arms was ordered to leave their names 
out of the lists, y 

We now proceed with John Fitzpatrick, oi Castletown, Esq. 
second son of Florence, the third Baron, and ancestor to the pre- 
sent Earl of Upper Ossory. In the reign of King James I. he 

married Mabel, daughter of St, John, of the Queen's 

county, Esq. by whom he had three sons j Florence, his heir; 
John, ofBardwellj and James, of Grantstown ; who were both 
engaged in the rebellion of l641 with their brother Florence, ^ a 

u Claims on or before August loth, 1700- x Lords Journals, vol. i p 675. 
y Lords Journals, vol. iii. p. 163. 
z In virtue of the commission dated September 7th, 1656, for remedy of 
defective titles, he passed patent August loth, 1637, to him and his heirs, of 
the abbey, town and lands of Aghavoe, Grantstown, Castletown, &c which 
were created into the manor of Castletown, with usual privileges; piovided, 
among other articles of agreement, that he nor his heivs, nor any of them. 



LOUD UPPER OSSORY. 3CW^ 

principal commander during that time of confusion. On January 
23d, 1041, with about three hundred men, he took Knockinoy^ 
the house of Lieutenant Henry Gilbert; which he rifled to the 
value of 300/. at the same time depriving him of all his rentSj 
cattle, corn, sheep, horseSi household goods, and other goods and 
chattels at Cloonin, Carrigin, Knockiuatie, and other places, to 
his loss of 400/. more ; his father. Sir William Gilbert, being 
served in the came manner, about the same time, to the loss of 
500/. in stock and goods, and 4Q0l. a year in rents, of his part of 
Cloonin and other lands. In 1042, accompanied with the Lord 
Upper Ossory, Andreas Fitzpatrick of Castle Fleming, Colonel 
Bryan Fitzpatrick of Rathdownagh, with about six or seven 
hundred men, he besieged the castle of Borras, whither all the 
prolestants of the barony of Upper Ossory had retired in the be- 
ginning of the rebellion for protection, but was obliged by Sir 
Charles Coote to raise the siege on Easter-day that year 3 to 
A^hich howcer he returned about Lammas, and so reduced the 
place, that the besieged for a long time fed upon horses, dogs, 
cats, bean-leaves, potatoe-tops, and cow-hides, being without 
bread, drink> or salt; and about AU-Hallowtide, Colonel Plunket, 
tvith about 1000 men, demanded the surrender of the castle in 
the King's name, saying, that if the warders held the castle to the 
King's use, he would send in more armed men to assist them j 
tinto which And-'ew Brereton, of Killadowle, Queen's county, 
Gent, (being kft by Sir Charles Coote, chief commander of the 
place) replied, that if he would shew any authority, tinder ih^ 
King, for what he required and offered, that he would obey. 
Whereupon (for want of such authority, as it seems) he departed. 
And about the last of November Colonel Preston, with about 
1.500 men; beleaguering the place and playing upon the court- 
gate with two field-pieces and a small battering piece, and work- 
ing under ground, the besieged, in regard there Were but twenty- 
warders, the castle large, and not a day's ammunition left^ were 
compelled to surrender upon quarter, having their lives and worst 
clothes only granted to them : for which, August 12th, 16.52, he 
was excepted frnm pardon for life and estate by Cromwell's act of 
parliament for the settling of Ireland, 

^ould assuii^e ortakethe narhe, title or style of Macgille Patrick, or consent 
to maintain and support the said name, in order to the exaction or paymeiit 
of any rent, tax, or service; or divide the land, or any parcel thereof accord= 
ing to the Irish custom oi Gavelkind, 
vbi. yju^ X 



305 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

He married Bridget, daughter of Darcy, of Platen iii 

Meath, Esq. by whom he left 

John Fitzpatrick, of Castletown, Esq. who when the king- 
dom was reduced by the parliament, had an order dated at Clon- 
mell May 19th, 1(552, to receive fourteen days pay for 100 horse, 
and a month's pay for 1000 foot, to commence from the twenty- 
fourth of that month, to be raised in such manner and upon such 
persons, as was directed in the articles, concluded with Sir Walter 
Dongan and others at Kilkenny, for the raising of one month's 
pay to those that should lay down arms by virtue of the said ar- 
ticles. Upon the restoration of King Charles II. he preferred a 
petition to the commissioners of the treasury to be restored to his 
estate; upon whose report the King, in regard of his many ser- 
vices and sufterings, gave directions for the same to be done ; and 
the commissioners for executing his Majesty's declaration for the 
settlement of Ireland, did accordingly, before any act of parlia- 
ment passed for that purpose, by their decree August 1st, iQQl, 
restore to him divers lands in the Queen's county, which decree 
was allowed and confirmed November 26th, 1662, by the com- 
missioners for executing the act of settlement ; by a provisoe in 
which act he was restored in blood, and enabled to derive his 
pedigree from any ancestor, lineal or collateral, and the estate, 
whereof he or his father Florence was possessed before October 
22d, l64l, was confirmed to him : upon due consideration had 
whereof, and of his loyalty and zeal to the King's service, mani- 
fested both to his Majesty and his father, not only in Ireland, but 
also in foreign parts 3 the King, out of a desire that the estate, so 
restored, should be secured to him and his heirs, and discharged 
from all challenges and demands, which might be made to it by 
his Majesty, or any other claiming under the crown, was pleased 
by privy-seal, dated at Bath September i4th, l663, to require ths 
L. L. to have an effectual patent passed of all the premises to 
him, his heirs and assignes, with all privileges enjoyed thereupon 
under the King or his father; which was accordingly done Fe- 
bruary 6th following, at the crown rent of 45 I. As. Id. ; after 
which, the King, as a further mark of his favour, ratified the es- 
tate to him, with two yearly fairs at Erriel, at the same crown- 
rent as was paid in the year l643. But afterv/ards apprehend- 
ing, from some general words in the act of explanation (by a clause 
wherein the estate was again further confirmed to him) that somo 
trouble might be given him in the Exchequer for new quit-rents, 
he besought the King for a discharge thereof by patent, which 



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 30f 

was granted September 1st, lO/Oj and August 3d, 1673, he had 
a privy-seal to receive 200/. out of the Exchequer. 

On August 6th, 1677, he was cornphtnented with the degree 
of doctor of laws by the Duke of Ormond, chancellor of the uni- 
versity of Oxford; but in l6SQ was involved in King James's 
general act of attainder, and died in 1693- He married Eliza° 
beth, fourth daughter of Thomas, Viscount Thurles, sister of 
James, the first Duke of Ormond, and widow of James Purcell, 
titular Baron of Loughmoe, and by her, who died December b'lhj 
1675, and was buried the bth, in St. Patrick's church, DubiiDj, 
had two sons ; 

Fiist, Edward. 

Second, Richard, created Lord Gowran. 

And a daughter, Arabella, married toSir Thomas Wiseman, of 
East Gfinsted in Sussex, Bart, and was mother of Sir Thomas^ 
who died unmarried May Ist^ 1733, and of Sir George his suc- 
cessor. 

Edward Fitzpatrick, Esq. the elder son, at the revolutioii 
had the command of a regiment given him, December 31st, 
1688 ; was made colonel of the royal English fusiliers August 1st, 
l6y2, and promoted to the rank of a brigadier-general October 
24th, 1694; but was drowned in his passage from England to 
Ireland Novembt^r 10th, i6(.)6, and died unmarried. 

Richard, his brother, Jirsi Lord Gowran, being bred to the sea 
iservice, had the command of a ship of war, in which station he 
signalized himself by his valour and conduct ; and to him and his 
brother, in consideration of their faithful services. King William, 
October 12th, 1696, granted the estate of Edmond Morris, for- 
feited by his being killed at Aghrim, which consisted of the towns 
and lands of Grantstov/n, Donoghmore, Rahindornagh, Barna- 
ballmoragh, Lower Derry, Belady, the north-east of Derry-laghen, 
Cramrosse, Maherribegg, Ballinrawly-Wood called Clanconragh;, 
Mongamore, and others in the Queen's county j to which his 
Lordship made large additions by purchase and his marriage. 
And so acceptable was the report of his services to his country, 
his fidelity to the crown, in promoting the Protestant succession 
in his Majesty's illustrious family, his integrity, humanity^ and 
other amia'ole qualities, that King George L thought him worthy 
of a place among the peers of L'eland, and by privy-seal, dated at 
St. James's March 8th, I714, and by patent" at Dublin April 

a The Preamble, ^uandoquidem ea quam tenemus Dignitate ob hoc 
i)i9ecipue delectemur, quod de Patria bene-meritos Honori.bus insjgnire nobis 



308 PEERAGE OF ENGLANr). 

27th, 1715, created him BaroJi Gowran of Gowran; by which 
title he took his seat in parliament November 12th following^* 
atid two days after was one of the lords appointed to prepare 
an address, to congratulate his Majesty on his accession to the 
throne. 

In July 17I8, his Lordship married Anne, younger daughter 
and coheir to Sir John Robinson, of Farming-wood in the county 
of Northampton, Bart. •= and died JuneQth, 1727, leaving issue by 
her, who deceased November 14th, 1744, ^ two sons; 

First, John, his heir. 

Second, Richard, who married Anne, daughter of Mr. Usher, 
of London; and by her, who died in London March 28th, 17^9, 
he had a son born in December, 1755, and three daughters ; the 
elder born March 7th, 17^9. the second August 19th, 1751, and 
the j'ounger September lOth, 1753, who died an infant, 

John, the second Lord Gowran, zwAJirst Earl of Upper Ossory, 
born in 1719, was appointed in January, 1745, master of Farming 
wood forest, part of the forest of Rockingham, for the term of 
ninety-nine years ; and by privy seal, dated at Kensington Au- 
gust 26th, and by patent « October 5th, 1751, was created Earl 
of Upper Ossory, with limitation of the honour to his issue male; 
his Lordship was chosen in 1754 representative in the British 
parliament for the county of Bedford. In July, 1744, he married 
the Lady Evelyn Leveson Gower, eldest daughter of John, Earl 
Gower, and deceased September 23d, 1758, leaving issue by her 
Ladyship (who re-married in February, 1759, with Richard Ver- 
non, Esq.M. P. for Tavistock, and one of the secretaries to John, 
Duke of Bedford, L. L, of Ireland, and had two daughters, the 



inde facta sit copia ; proinde fidelem et perquam dilectum nostrum Richardum 
Fitzpatrick, pervetusta pariter ac generosa stirpe oriundum, ac Majorum 
famam virtute propria adaequantem, novis Honoribus augere decrevimus ; ut 
qui Re navali olim se Militem intrepidum, nee minus in periclitantis Reipub- 
lica£ procellis omni tempore inconcussum se exhibuerit Civem, arduis in pos- 
terum Regni NegotiJs inter optimates indesinenter invigilet. Sciatis igituf, 
&c. Rot. Can. de Ao. 10. I. la. p, f. 

b Lord's Journals, vol, ii. p. 45^. 
c He was the son of Sir John Robinson, Lord Mayor of London, created 
a Baronet June zzd, 1660, and lieutenant of the Tower from the restoration 
to his death. His wife was Mary, daughter of Sir William Dudley, of Cloptoh 
in Northamptonshire, Bart, by whom he had Mary, married to James, Earl 
•f Weems, and Anne, to Lord Gowran. 

d Rot. Ao. II Geo. II, 3 p. D. 
• Rot. Cane, de Ac 250. Geo II 3<ia. p D. 



LORD UPPER OSSORY. 30i) 

elder born in August, 1760, and the younger October 11th, 1762) 
two sons and two daughters, viz. 

First, John, Lord Gowran. 

Second, Richard, born January 24th, 1748, is a general in 
the army, and was member in the British parliament for Tavis- 
tock, 1784, and is now representative for the county of Bedford. 
In 1782 he was appointed first secretarj' to the Duke of Port- 
land, L. L. sworn of the privy-councils in both kingdoms, and in 
1783, appointed secretary at war, which he resigned in that year j 
but was again appointed to the same office by the Grenville ad- 
ministration in I8O6. 

Lady Mary, married April 20th, 1766', to the Hon. Steph^;! 
Fox (eldest son of Henry, Lord Holland, who died July :. :■, 
1774) and had issue by him, who died December 23d, l77-i, u." >e 
daughters) Caroline, Mary, and Emily-Elizabeth, all deceased j 
and a son, Henry Richard, born November 2 1st, 1773, the pre- 
sent Lord Holland. ^ 

Lady Louisa, born in 1755, and married in 1779 to William, 
Earl of Shelburne, first Marquis of Lansdown. 

John, the second andpresent Earl of Upper Ossory, and first 
Lord Ossory in England, born in May 1745, succeeded to 
the honours on the decease of his father. In 17^7 he was chosen 
to parliament for the county of Bedford, and in 1770 was ap- 
pointed L. L. and custos rotulorum of that county j March 26th, 
1769, he married Anne, daughter of Henry Liddell, Lord Ravens- 
worth, and by her, who had been divorced from the Duke of 
Grafton, and died in February, 1804, had issue two daughters, 
viz. 

First, Lady Anne, born February lOih, 1774. 

Second, Lady Gertrude, s 

His Lordship was advanced to the British Peerage by the 
title of Baron Upper Ossory, August 12th, 1794. 

Titles. John Fitzpatrick, Earl of Upper Ossory, and Baron 
Gowran of Gowran ; and Baron of Upper Ossory in England. 

Creations. Baron Gowran of Gowran in the county of Kil- 
kenny, April 27t)i, 1715, 1 Geo. I. ; Earl of LTpper Ossory in the 
Queen's county, October 5th, 1751, 25 Geo. II. ; Baron of Upper 
Ossory in England, August 12th, 1794. 

' See vol. vii- j Family Information. 



310 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Arras. Sable, a snitire, argent, and chief, azure, the latter 
charged with three fleur-de-lis, or. 

Qrest. On a wreath, a dragon, vert, surmounted of a Ilea 
passant, sable. 

Supporters. Two lions, sable, with ducal crowns, plain, 
collars nnd chains, or. 

Motto. FORTIS SUB FORTE FATESCIT. 

Chief Seals. Tentore in the Queen's county, sixty miles 
from Dublin; Farming -wood, Northamptonshire, sixty-two 
miles from London , and Ampthiil, Bedfordshire, thirty-six miles 
from London. 



\ 



LORD MULGRAVE. 



311 




PHIPPS, LORD MULGRAVE. 

William Phipps, being brought up to the sea, applied himself 
so assiduously to that profession, that he commanded several dif- 
ferent ships. 

He was eminently skilled in the mathematics, and became 
the inventor of that curious machine the diving bell ; by this ad- 
mirable contrivance, in the year 1(38/, he was enabled to recovei% 
from the wreck of a Spanish galleon^ an immense treasure, which 
had lain buried in deep water forty-four years, returned trium- 
phantly to London, and divided it with the rest of the adven- 
turers. * 

Being introduced to King James H. June 2Sth, of the same 
year, the honour of knighthood was conferred upon him : and he 
was appointed to the government of the MassachusetSj and therein 
continued during the remainder of his life. 

Dying February 18th, i6q4, he was interred in the parish 
church of St. Mary Woolnoth in London, whero^a neat marble 
monument, with suitable em"bellish meats, and the representation 
of the above remarkable circumstance in basso relievo, together 
with the following in scrip tioi^;^ was erected to his memory : 

Near this place is interred the body 

Of Sir William Phipps, Knight, who in the year 

iQs/, by his great industry, discovered among 



a See Burke's European Settlements, vol- ii p. 1 68, where it is said that he 
was a New-F.ngland-Man, of obscure birth and education, who having raised 
a sudden fortune by a lucky expedient, was knighted, and afterwards made 
governor of the Province. 



S13 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

The rocksj near the banks of Bahama, on 
The north side of Hisp^niola, a Spanish plate- 
Ship, which had been under water 44 
Years, out of v/hich he took in gold and 
Silver to the value of three hundred 
Thousand pounds sterling, and with a 
Fidelity equal to his conduct, brought it 
All to London, where it was divided 
Between himself and the rest of the adventurers j for 
Which great service he was knighted by his 
Then Majesty King James II. and afterwards 

By the command of his present Majesty, 

And at the request of the principal inhabirants 

Of New England, he accepted the Government 

Of the Massachusetts, in which he continued to 

The time of his death ; and discharged his trust 

With that zeal for the interest of his country. 

And with so little regard to his own private advantage. 

That he justly gained the good esteem and affections 

Of the greatest and best part of the inhabitants of that 

Colony. 
He died ISth February, 1604; 
And his Lady, to perpetuate his memory. 
Hath caused this monument to be erected. ^ 

Sir CoNSTANTiNE Phipps, his son, being bred to the profes- 
sion of the law, acquired so high a reputation, that he received 
the honour of knighthood from her Majesty in 1710, and at the 
same time was appointed Lord High Chancellor of Ire- 
land. 

On January 29th, 1712, he was appointed one of the lords 
jtistices J but on the accession of King George I. a change of mi- 
nistry succeeding, he resigned those high offices in September, 
1714, and retiring to the Middle Temple, London, continued in a 
private station to his death, which happened October pth, 1723. 
His widow surviving him till October 30th, 1/28, by \vhom he 
had i-sue an only son 

MViLLiAM Phipps, who February 26th, 1718, married Lady 
Catherine Annesley, oply daughter and heiress to James, Earl of 
Anglesey (by his wife the Lady Catherine Darnley, a natural 

*> Maitland's Survey of London, vol, ii. p. 114!;, 



LORD MULGRAVE. 3 IS 

daughter of King James II. who married to her second husband, 
John Sheffield, <^ Duke of Buckingham, by whom she was mother 
of the last Duke of that family) and dying February 1st, 1730, 
left issue by her, who remarried with John Sheldon, of Croydon 
in Surry, Esq. and survived till January 18th, 1/36, one daughter 
Catherine ; and a son and successor 

CoNSTANTiNE, who was Created Jirst Lord Mulgrave, of 
New-Ross in county of Wexford, pursuant to privy-seal at St. 
James's August 8th, and patent at Dublin September 3d, I'/Qy.^ 
On February 26th, 1743, he married Lepell, « eldest daughter 
of John Lord Lord Hervey, of Ickworth, and son of John Earl of 
Bristol, ' born in Januarj^, 1/22-3, and his Lordship deceasing 
September 13th, 1775, was buried at Croydon in Surrey, haying 
had issue by her, who died in 1 780, b five sons and one daughter, 
viz. 

First, Constantine-John, second peer. 

Second, Charles, born December 10th, 1753, made a captain 
in the royal navy August 1st, 1776, and died October 20th, J 786, 
Third, Henry,'' born February 1 4th, 1755, succeeded his 
brother. 

Fourth, Edmund,' born April 7th, 1760, formerly in the first 
regiment of foot-guards 3 now a major-general and colonel of a 
battalion of the sixtieth regiment of foot. 

Fifth, Augustus,*^ born November 15th, 1762; married, Au- 
gust I4th, 1792, Maria, eldest daughter of the late Peter Thel- 
lusson, Esq. 

And Henrietta Maria, ' born March 26th, 1757, married, Au- 
gust 19th, 1776, to Charles Dillon Lee, Lord Viscount Dillon, of 
Costello-Gallen, and died December 1st, 1782. 

CoNSTANTiNE-JoHN, the secondIrishpeer,\2.x\^viv.sr'LoKn 
Mulgrave, of Mulgrave, born May 30th, 17-t4, was made a 
captain in the royal navy June 20th, 1760, in which station he 
made a voyage to discover a north-east passage, of which he gave 
an account to the world. He was, in Mr. Pitt's administration. 



c A natural daughter of this Duke, called Mary Sheffield, was married 
tp Lord Altham, and was mother,a.i it iscontcnded, to the unfortunate James 
Annesley, who claimed the titles and estates against the late Earl of Ar^- 
glesey. 

tl Rot. Ao. 7 Geo. III. 2- p. d. R. 23, 24. 

e Ulster's Office. f idem. 

e Ibid. 15 Itid. i Ibid. 

k Ibid. 1 Ibid. 



314 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

one of the joint paymasters of the forceSj a lord of trade, a com-^ 
missioner of the East India boards a privy counsellor, and member 
of the British parliament for the borough of Newark. June 20th, 
1787, he married Anne-Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Nathaniel 
Cholmondeley, of Howsham and Whitby in county of York, 
Esq. (by his second wife) and by her Ladyship;> who died in child- 
birth April 22d, 1788, had a daughter, '" 

Anne-Elizabeth Cholmondely, who married, August 25, I8O7, 
major-generai John Murray;, brother to Sir James Murray Pulteney, 
Bart. 

His Lordship was elevated to the British Peerage on June 6, 
1790, by the title of Lord Mulgrave, of Mulgrave in York" 
shire ; but dying without issue male, October 10th, 1702, the 
British honour became extinct ; and he was succeeded in the 
Irish Barony by his next surviving brother 

Henr"^, present and third Lord Mulgrave of New-Ross ; and 
now by a new patent, second Lord Mulgrave of Mulgrave 
on August I3lh, 1794. 

His Lordship being educated to the army, obtained early a 
commission in the foot-guards ; and has risen in regular course to 
the rank of lieutenant-general, and is colonel of the thirty-first 
regiment of foot. His Lordship distinguished himself by his ser- 
vices at the taking of Toulon in 179-i. 

In 1804 his Lordship was appointed chancellor of the duchj 
of Lancaster 5 and in 1805, secretary of state for the foreign de- 
partment 3 and in I8O7, first lord of the admiralty, which he re- 
signed in 1810 for the office of master-general of the ordnance. 

His Lordship married, October 20th, 1795, Sophia, daughter 
of William Maling, of West Hennington in Durham, Esq. by 
whom he has issue. 

First, Henry Constantlne, born May 15th, 1797- 

Second, Augusta- Maria, born September 3d, 1800. 

Third, Charles-Beaumont, born December 27lh, 1801. 

Fourth, a son, born December 7lh, 1808. 

Titles. Henry Phipps, Lord Baron Mulgrave of New-Ross. 
in the county of Wexford, and Lord Mulgrave of Mulgrave in 
Yorkshire. 

Creations. Created September 3d, 17^7 > 7 Geo. III. Lord 

ra Almon's Peerage, Ulster's Office, Ledge edit. 1754, vol ii. p. 291, and 
Gent; Mag. 1788, p. 469. 



LORD MULGRAVE. 315 

^ulgrave of New-Ross in Ireland ; and on August 13th, 1794, 
Lord Mulgrave of Mulgrave in Yorkshire. 

Arms. Sable, a trefoil slipt within an orle of mullets, argent. 

Crest. On a wreath, argent and sable, a lion's gamb erased 
and erect, sable, holding a trefoil by the stalk, argent. 

Supporters. Two unicorns ermine, maned, tailed, crined, 
unguled, and gorged with plain collars, with chains affixed 
thereto, all Or. 

Motto. VlRTUTF, GUIES. 

Chief Seat. Mulgrave Hall in the county of York. 



316 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




LYTTELTON, LORD LYTTELTON, 

(LORD WESTCOTE IN IRELAND.) 

The family of L-xttelton have been of long standing in the 
county of Worcester, arid had fair possessions in the vale of Eve- 
shani, before the ipth of Hen. III. 1234, particularly at <Som/A 
Lyttelton, from which place it is probable they took their name, 
agreeably to the custom of that age. 

Mr. Selden was possessed of two grants of land belonging 
to Evesham abbey, dated the 7th of Hen. II. II60, to which one 
John de Luttelton was witness.^ This is the most ancient that 
the name of Luttelton, or Lyttelton (as Judge Lyttelton and his 
descendants have generally written it from King Henry VI's time 
to the present) is to be met with : now as the land, which passed 
by these deeds, lay at Lench, near South Lyttelton, it is not un- 
likely that this John was ancestor to Lyttelton of Frankley. 

In an ancient ledger of Worcester priory, mention is made of 
one Henry de Clive, the son of Swenus de Luttelton, sans date. ^ 

Many evidences prove th^t there were other families of good 
account, named Lyttelton, in the counties of Dorset, Somersetj, 
Bedford, and Bucks, as early as the reign of Hen. III. '^ 

Thomas de Luttelton, about the 19th of Hen. III. married 
Emma, sole daughter aqd heir of Sir Simon de Frankley, Knight, 



a Vis. Salop c. so. in the Heralds Office. 
»' Habington's Survey of Worcestersiiire, MS. (pene& Car- Lyttelton!, 
Caiiiol. Episc j in Clive Prior. 

c Vis. Salop> ut suprsu 



LORD LYTTELTON. 917 

which Thomas occurs witness to an instrument between Waited 
de Cantilupe, bishop of Worcester, and Robert Fitz-Ralph, Knt. 
touching lands lying in Alve church and Beoley, dated the 33d of 
Hen. III. <! 

He had issue an only daughter, Emma, first the wife of 
Augerus de Tatlynton, and afterwards of Nicholas Whetara- 
stede. 

Augerus was seated at Tredington, in Worcestershire, dis- 
trained the 40th of Hen. III. for not taking upon him the order 
of knighthood, as he held fifteen libratas terrcehy knight service.* 
He was the first in the commission to inquire what lands were 
forfeited -in the county of Worcester, by the attainder of the 
King's enemies, at the battle of Evesham. *■ I don't find when he 
died J but his wife, having re-married Nicholas Whetamstede, 
died, seised of Frankley, anno 129S, having in her lifetime been 
a benefactress to the neighbouring abbey of Halesowen, s 

Thomas de Luttelton, above-mentioned, married a second 
wife, viz. Asselm, daughter and sole heir to William Fitzwarin, 
of Upton in Worcestershire (younger son of Fulc Fitzwarin, 
Lord Marcher of Wales, temp. Hen. I.) which William was one 
of the justices itinerant, and judge of the Common Pleas, the 12th 
of King Hen. III. and sheriff of Worcestershire the year follow- 
ing. ** I find this Luttelton was a considerable benefactor to the 
convent of Pershore ; many grants of lands lying in Upton-Snods- 
bury, and Coulesdon, occurring in Pershore ledger, both from 
him and Asselm, his wife. ' Also to the abbey of Evesham ; for 
a licence occurs from King Edward I. to John de Luttelton, im- 
powerlng him to grant three virgates of arable, and eight acres of 
meadow, lying in South Luttelton, to the said abbey, bearing date 
at Westminster, the 27th day of May, in the eighth year of his 
reign. Another licence also occurs from the same King to the 
abbey of Evesham, to enable them to hold lands in Evesham, 
Lenchvvyke, and Twyford, of the yearly value often pounds, de 
dono Johan. de Luttelton, dated at York, the 10th year of the said 

<• Liber Alb. Episc. Wigorn. MS. fol. 67. 
e MS. Claudius, c. 2. in Bibl. Cotton. 
f Inquis. post Bellum Evesham, 49 Hen. III. No. 3, in Turre. 
s Survey of the manor and abbey of Halesowen, MS. by Ch. Lord Bp- of 
Carlisle, 

^ Dugdale's Baronage, vol. i p. 446,449 
i Original in the Augment Office, Vv'estm. fol- 29 



318 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

King Edw. I. ^ He left issue by her three sons, viz. Edmund^ 
Thomas, and John. 

Edmunu, the eldest, resided at Coulesdon, and had lands at 
Nnunton in Worcestershire, ' which continue in a family of Lyt" 
telton, (descended from a cadet of this house) at this day. He 
took to wife, Lucia, daughter of John de Bois, or Atwood, a man 
of considerable note at Wulverley in Worcestershire, and died 
leaving no issue, 

John, the youngest, lived a bachelor; and before he died, 
was a benefactor to Evesham abbey, to which he gave by deed, 
dated the 8th of Edw. II. a house, with three virgates of land, 
and eight acres of meadow-, situate at Lyttelton, in the vale of 
Evesham. "' 

Thomas, the second son, became Iieir to his brother. He 
was chosen knight for Worcestershire, the 9th of Edw. II." and 
in the 34th of Edw. Hi. was, together with Richard de Lend), 
and others, commissioned by the King to collect the tenths and 
fifteenths throughout the said county," 

He married Julian, daughter and heir of Robert de Somery, 
a younger brother of the Baron of Dudley (who served with him 
in parliament for Worcestershire, in the pth of Edw. IL) and had 
issue by her two sons, Thomas and John. 

John, the youngest son, was in the commission of array with 
Walter Cokesey, Henry Bruin, Henry Hagely, and Thomas 
Throckmorton, Esqrs. 1 Hen. IV. on a rumour of a foreign in- 
vasion. P He had to wife, Beatrix, daughter of Humphrey 
Frevill, or Frecheville, of a noble family in Warwickshire, by 
whom he had issue an only daughter, the wife of Jeffery Frere; 
which Jeffery sat in parliament for the city of Worcester, temp. 
Rich, II. and Hen. IV. 1 

Thomas, the eider .son, recovered the manor of FranMey, by a 
writ of right, on failure of issue to his cousin, Thomas de Tatlyn- 
ton. He was esquire of the body to three successive Kings, viz. 
Rich. II. Hen. IV. and Hen. V, and was rewarded with several 



k MS. Harley, in Brit. Musa°um, No 3763, fol. cxxi. and cxxiu 

1 Vis- Salop, ut supra. 

m Inq ad quod damnum, i Ed II No. 73, in Turre. 

" Claus. Rot. No 3, in Turre. » Pat 74 Ed. III. p. i, m. 24, 

P Pat. I Hen. 4. p. 2. m. 35, et 4 Hen. IV. p. 2. m 9. 

q From Brown Willis's MS. Collections. 



LORD LYTTELTON. 3ig 

grants of money, timber, kc. from each of them, pro lono et 
gratuito servitio, as expressed in the grants. ' He sealed with the 
cheveron, between three escallops, as now used by his posterity, 
but bore a different crest, viz. a grey-hound's head, collared. • 
About the close of King Henry the Vth's reign, he served the 
office of sheriff of Worcestershire, under R, Beauchamp Earl of 
Warwick, titular and hereditary high sheriff of Worcestershire : 
and in the 1st year of Henry the Vlth he departed this life, leav- 
ing issue by Maud, his wife (who survived him, and married Tho- 
mas Massey, Esq. and was daughter and sole heir of Richard 
Quatermain, of Ricote in com, Oxford, by Joan, the daughter 
and coheir of Robert Grey, of Rotherfield in the same county) an 
only daughter, nam.ed 

Elizabeth, who was his sole heir. This Elizabeth married 
Thomas Westcote, Esq, the King's servant in court, a gentle- 
man of Devonshire anciently descended j but she being fair, and 
of a noble spirit (to use Lord Coke's own words*) and having 
large possessions and inheritances from her ancestors de Luttelton, 
and from her mother, the daughter and coheir of Quatermain, 
and other her ancestors, resolved to continue the honour of her 
name, and therefore provided, by Westcote's assent, before mar- 
riage, that her issue inheritable should be called by the name of 
Luttelton. 

Mr, Prince, in his Devonshire JForthies, tells us, that this 
gentleman was born at Westcote, in the parish of Marwood, near 
Barnstaple, and flourished anno 1414; that he was of a martial 
disposition, and addicted himself to feats of arras, which at length 
brought him to the knowledge of, and endeared him to, those 
puissant Princes, Kings Henry IV. and V. which, saith our author, 
is no mean argument of his worth. " One John de Westcote, an 
ancestor of this Thomas, was a canon residentiary of Exeter, in 
the reign of King Hen. HI. and another of the same name and 
family was rector of St. John Baptist hospital in Exeter, temp. 
Edw. II. Whether Thomas Westcote, who was abbot of Hert- 
land in Devon, temp, Edw. I. was of this family, I cannot say; 
but I make no doubt, but Henry de Westcote, who in the Book 

r Pat. zi Rich. II p. i. m. ii. ibid, i Hen. 5. p. i. m. 10. 
s From a seal annexed to an original deed of this Thomas Luttciton 
among the evidences at Hagley. 

t Coke's Pioemium to the first Institut. 
u ¥/orthies of Devon, p. 583, et seq. 



920 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

of Tfinures is said to hold lands in Westcote, 8 Edw. I. and Johffl 
de Westcote, who occurs in the same book as owner of lands in 
Fremingtoti hundred, 6 Edw. II were both ancestors of Thomas, 
who mafried Elizabeth Luttelton. '^ 

On this marriage, Westcote settled at Frankley in Worces-* 
tershire, and served the office of escheator there, the 29th of 
Hen. VI. 1450. Soon after which he died, leaving issue fouf 
sons, and as many daughters. 

First, Thomas, of whom hereafter. 

Second, Edmund; third, Guy; fourth, Nicholas: which 
three last retained tiie name of Westcote, though often solicited 
by their mother, to call themselves Luttelton. It is said, she 
once expostulating with them, whether they thought better of 
themselves than their elder brother? they answered, " that he had 
a fair estate to alter his name ; and if they might share with him, 
they would do the like. " y 

Guy married , the daughter of . ..... Granville, of 

Gloucestershire (a younger branch of the Granvilles, of Kilk- 
hampton in Cornwall) from whom descended the Westcotes of 
Somersetshire, and of Raddon in Devonshire. 

Nicholas married Agnes, daughter and coheir of Edmund 
Vernon, of Handsacre in Staffordshire, by Joan, the daughter and 
sole heir of William Handsacre, of Handsacre, from whom the 
Westcotes of that county weie descended. 
Edmund died unmarried. 

Of the daughters I find but one married, viz. Anne, the eldest, 
the wife of Thomas Porter, Esq. of Barston in Warwickshire, 
where she was buried, A. D. \50Q. 

It seems probable that some of the children of Guy Westcote, 
above-mentioned, who settled at Raddon in Devon, assumed the 
liame of Luttelton, and removed into Cornwall ; for, in the 5th of 
Hen. VII. one of that name, bearing the ancient Lyttelton arms, 
without difference, occurs Lord of Lanhiderick, near Bodmyn j 
who, by marrying the heiress of Gerard, of Polstoth, got a large 
estate in that county, and had at the same time no inconsiderable 
one in Devonshire. On failure of issue, it passed soon after, by 
marriage, to the Trenances of Lastilian, and they were in posses- 
sion, circa ami. )t532. ^ 

X From an Heraldical MS in the hands of Mr. Parmentier, of Exom 
anno 1 750- 

y Vis iSalop, ut supra. » Ibid. 



LORD LYTTELTON. 321 

Elizabeth, the widow of Thomas Westcote, survived him 
many years, and remarried Thomas Hewster, of Lichfield, Esq. 
who was chosen knight for Worcestershire, the Qth of Hen. VJ. 
She died at the age of seventy-nine 3 and, I apprehend, was 
buried at Halesowen. 

Thomas, "her eldest son, who bore his father's christian name, 
and his mother's surname, Luttelton, or Lyttelton, as he wrote it, 
studied at one of the two Universities ; afterwards removed to the 
Inner Temple, where he read learnedly on the statute De Donis 
Conditionalibus. Anno 1454, he was called to the degree of Ser- 
jeant at law J and afterwards appointed steward of the Marshalsea 
of tlie King's household. The year following, he was appointed 
King's Serjeant, and rode justice of the assize in the northern cir- 
cuit. Anno J447, 26 Hen. VI. he served the office of high 
sheriff of Worcestershire ; having before been escheator thereof. 
In 1454, he had a general pardon under the great seal ; "^ and two 
years after, was in commission with Humphrey Duke of Bucking- 
ham, and William Birmingham, Esn. to raise forces in the county 
of Warwick. "^ 

On the coming of King Edw. IV". to the crown, he sued out 

another general pardon. He appears to have been in favour with 

both Kings, and the latter gave him particular marks of royal 

favour ; for, anno J404, the fourth year of his reign, he appointed 

him one of the judges of the Common Pleas, and granted him out 

of the customs of London, Bristol, and Hull, 110 marks yearly, 

ultra consuetum fosdum, ut station suum decentius tenere et ex- 

pensas sustinere valeret; and moreover the sum of lOQs. lO^d. 

for a robe and furrs, and 66s. 6d. for a summer robe, called 

Unura.^ In the fifteenth year of this King, the Prince of Wales 

was created a Knight of the Bath, at which time several persons 

of the first distinction, and in the highest favour at court, were 

advanced to this honour, as the Earl of Lincoln ; Grey, the 

Queen's son; Bryan, chief justice of the Common Pleas j and 

Lyttelton, that learned father of the law, as Mr. Habingdon, in 

his history of that reign, expresses it. '^ 

He wrote his famous Treatise on Tenures when he was a 



* Ex Autograph© penes Honoratissimum Dom. Geo. Lyttelton, Baronem 
de Frankley. 

b Pat. 36 Hen. VI. p. i. m. 7 
« Life of Judge Lyttelton, in the Geneial Dictionary, p 119- 
<1 Anstis's Order of the Bath, p. 32, and Hab. liist. Ed. IV p. 136 
VOL. X'lII. Y 



322 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

judge, after the fourteenth year of King Edw. IV. Lord Coke 
thinks^ not long before his death, because it wanted his last hand ; 
notwithstanding he makes this great encomium upon it, " that it 
is the ornament of the common law, and the most perfect and ab- 
solute work that ever was wrote in any human science" To this 
may be added what Dr. Holland, in his additions to Camden, 
saith of it, " that the students of the common law are no less 
beholden to Lyttelton's Tenures, than the civilians are to Justi- 
nian's Institutes. "" 

About this time, some privileges of great consequence were 
contested between the city and church of Worcester : which dis- 
putes arose to that height, that the King interposed, and appointed 
Sir Thomas Lyttelton, and Mr. Salway, a gentleman of that 
county, his commissioners, to terminate these differences by 
award; which affair they performed with that judgment and im- 
partiality, as gave full satisfaction to both the contending parties, 
and by that means restored peace and amity to the chief town in 
their county. *" 

Sir Thomas married Joan, widow of Sir Philip Chetwind, of 
Ingestre in com. Stafford, one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir 
William Burley, of Bromscroft castle in com. Salop, Knight, (by 

his wife, the daughter and heir of Grendon, of Grendon 

in Staffordshire) with whom he had large possessions. N. B. 
This Sir W. Burley was of the same house with Sir William 
Burley, warden of the Cinque Ports, constable of Dover castle. 
Lord Chamberlain and Knight of the Garter, temp. Rich. 11. 
whose brother Richard was also Knight of the Garter, as was Sir 
John Burley, their father. By her Sir Thomas Lyttelton had 
three sons, and two daughters. 
First, William. 

Second, Richard, to whom the Tenures are addressed, who 
followed his father's profession. He married* Alice, daughter 
and sole heir of William Winnesbnry, of Fillaton-Hall in com. 
Staff. Esq. and was lineal ancestor to the present Sir Edward 
Littleton, of that place, Bart. 

Third, Thomas was seated at Spechley, near Worcester, and 
married Anne, daughter and sole heir of John Botreaux, of Bo- 



e Holland's Transl- of Camb Britannia, in Worcestershire. 
f Hab. Survey of Worcestershire, MS in the hands of the late Lord Bp', 
of Carlisle. 

g Visit, of Staffurdshire, MS- 



LORD LYTTELTON. 323 

treaux castle in Cornwall, Esq. from whom were descended the 
Lord Keeper Lyttelton, Baron of Mounslow, temp. Car. 1. j Sir 
Thomas Lyttelton, Bart. Speaker of the House of Commons, temp. 
Gul. III. and other families of the Lytteltons. 

His two daughters^ named Ellen and Alice, both died un- 
married. 

He himself died at Frankley, on August 23d, I4S1, aged 
about sixty, and was interred under an altar tomb, which he 
erected in his lifetime, on the south side the nave of the cathe- 
dral at Worcester; upon the flat part whereof was his portrai- 
ture in brass, and these words issuing from his mouth, Fill Dei 
miserere mei ; at each end, two shields of brass, one containing 
the arms of Westcote, the other of Lyttelton, and on the front, 
four shields ; the first. Argent, a lion rampant, Sab. armed, Gules, 
dehruised with afess, counter compone, Or and Azure (impaling) 
Argent, two Cheverons, Gules, Burley and Grendon : second, 
Burley, as before (impaling) Barry, of six. Or and Azure; on 
a lend sinister, Gules, three Martlets, Argent, Grey of Rythin : 
third, Argent, two talhots, passant. Gules (impaling) Barry of six, 
Argent and Azure, a bend sinister, Gules ; on the highest bar an 
annulet of the third, Breston, and Grey of Wilion : fourth, Gu/es, 
a fess, azure, betiveen four hands, Or, Quatermain ; impaling 
Breston, as before. On the flat stone, above the judge's portrai- 
ture, were three brass shields, viz. Lyttelton impaling Quater- 
main ; Westcote impaling Lyttelton ; and Lyttelton impaling 
Burley. All these arms, as well as the figures, were torn off the 
tomb in the last civil war, and nothing left but the following in- 
scription on brass round the verge of the monument. Hie jacet 
Corpus Thome Littelton de Frankley, Militis de Balnea, iff unus 
Justiciariorum de Communi Banco, qui obiit 23 Augusti, Ann. 
Dom. M. CCCC. LXXXL After the restoration of King 
Charles IL it was repaired by Mr. Lyttelton the King's solicitor^ 
who had gilt iron rails placed before it (which were lately removed 
when the body of the cathedral was new paved) and the several 
compartments on the front decorated afresh with arms, but erro- 
neouslyj for the Lyttelton shield was supported by the merman, 
which was never borne by judge Lyttelton, his eldest son Sir Wil- 
liam Lyttelton being the first that used it. Li 17^5, the modern 
shields were obliterated, and the old ones restored. 

As Sir Thomas Lyttel ton's will contains many curious partis 
culars, it may not be amiss to give it the reader faithfully copied 
from the original remaining in the Prerogitive-office. 



324 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

In the name of God, Amen. I, Thomas Lyttelton, Knight, 
oon of king's justice of the common place, make my testament, 
and notifie my wille, in the manner and forme that foUoweth. 
First, I bequeth my soal to Almighty God, Fader, Sonne, &c 
Hollye Ghost, three persons & oon God, & our Lorde, maker of 
heven and erth, &r of all the worlde ; & to our most blessed Lady 
& virgin, Saynt Mary, moder of our Lord, & Jesu Christ, the 
only begotten Sonne of our saide Lorde God, the fader of heven, 
and to saint Christopher, the which our saide Lorde did truste to 
here on his shoudres, & to all the saints of heven : and my body 
to be berried in the tombe I lete make for me on the south side 
of the body of the cathedrall-church of the monastere of our said 
blessed lady, of Worcester, under an image of St Christopher, in 
caas if I die in Worcestershire. Also, I wulle, and specially de- 
sire, that immediately after my decesse, myn executors find three 
gode preests for to singe iii trentals for my soule, so that everish 
preest, by himself sing oon trental, and that everish such preest 
have right sufficiently for his labor; also that myn executors find 
another gode preest for to sing for my soule, fyvt masses, and 
rowe j the ofFyce of which beginneth, HumUiavit semel ipsum 
Dominus Jesu Chris tus usque ad mortem. Also I give one 
hundred shelings by yere, to the priour & covent of the said mo- 
nastere, out of certain messuages & landes in the cite of Wor- 
cester & to their successors, to singe at the altar, hallowed for the 
worship of St. George & St. Christopher, daily, at vii in the 
morning, for the soules of my fader and moder, and for the soul 
of William Burley, my fader-in-Iawe, & for the soul of Sir Philip 
Chetwin & for all soules that I am most bounden to pray, & spe- 
cially for myn own soule after my decesse ; & that everish such 
monk sing everish Friday, a mass of Requiem; & Wd. for his 
troubel, to be paid him by the handes of the sexton ; and I wull, 
that whenever the covent sing the annual Placebo, ^ Dirige, i^ 
Requiem for my soul, and that of my ancestors, that they have 
vi^. vind. for thyr disport and recreation. I wull, that the said 
covent have 100/. for performyn this dyvin servyce. 

Also I wulle, that the feoffees to myn use, of and in the 
halfyndele of the manor of Baxterley, & Bentley, in Warwick- 
shire, and in Mosele, in the lordship of Kingsnorton, & in Stone, 
besyd Keddermyster, in Worcestershire, make a sure estate unto 
Richard Lyttelton, my sonne, &: to the heirs of his bodie, with all 
chartours, muniments, & evidences concernyng the same. 

Also I wulle, that he have the reversion of the manor of Mol- 



LORD LYTTELTON. 323 

ston, besyde Clybeiyj in the county of Shrewsbury. Also I wull, 
that my saide sonne, Richard, have all my state, title, & interest, 
that 1 have in a messuage, in the parish of St. Sepulchres, of 
London, on the north syde of the saide church, which I holde of 
the abbot of Leicester, for term of yeres. Also I wull, that the 
feoffees, to myn use, of & in the manor of Spechley, in Worces- 
tershire, make a sure estate to my sonne, Thomas Lyttelton, and 
the heirs of his body, with all chartours, &c. concernyng the 
same, and all other lands, rents, reversions & services, that I have 
in Spechley, Cuddeley, Bradicot, & White-lady Aston, with the 
lands & tenements in Weddesbury, in com. Stafford. 

I wulle, that my wyf have a bason of silver, in the myddes 
whereof been myn arms, and an ewer of silver, two great salt- 
salers, and a kever, weying 93 ounces & § ; a standyng plaine 
gilt peece, with a plaine gilt kover, weying 24 ounces & ^ ; six 
holies of silver, in the myddes of which been enamelled, for her 
using, six monthes of the yere. A standing peece, with kever, 
weying IQ ounces & ^. Two peeces of silver, one covering 
another, y^ which I occupie at London ; a powder boxe of silver j 
a paxebordej two cruetts, and a sakering-bell, all of silver. Also 
I wull, that William liyttelton, my sonne and heire, shall have a 
depc washing-bason of silver, ■weying 41 ounces, and twosaltsalers 
of silver, with a kever to oon of them, weying 31 ounces & §, 
with another peece, all over gilt, in the myddes of which be iii 
eagles, a kover, weying 33 ounces ; also a lowe peece of silver, 
with a kover, embossed in the likeness of roses, weying 2g ounces 
& I : also he shall have a dosein of my best spones. Also I wull, 
that my sonne, Richard, have two littel gilt saltsalers, with gilt 
cover to oon, now at London ; also oon littel standyng peece, with 
a gilt kover, which hath at the foote a crown, and another on the 
kover, weying 22 ounces : also a standyng gilt nutt, and the best 
dosein of the second sort of my spones. Also I wull, that Tho- 
mas Lyttelton, my sonne, have two saltsalers of silver, weying 2/ 
ounces J a standyng peece, weying 21 ounces, gilt, & my arms 
in the myddes of the same ; also a boll of silver, embossed with 
round bosses, outward, weying 1 1 ounces & 3 quarters ; also he 
shall have a dosein spones, of the third sorte. 

Also I bequeth my gode littel mass-book, and gode vestment, 
•with the apparyl to an auter, of the same sorte of vestments 
which were my moder's, and also a gilt chales, I geve them to the 
blessed Trinite, to the use & occupation of my chapel of Frankley, 
in honour of our said most blessed Trinite j inasmuch as the said 



926 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

chapel of the blessed Trinite, and an aulter thereof, is halowed in 
the worship of thesaide blessed Trinite^ for to have masse songen 
there on Trinite-Sunday, & other high festivals, & other days, to 
the pleasure & honour of our saide most blessed Trinite. I wull, 
that a bigger cofer, and locke and key be provyded for the safe 
keping of these vestments & chales, within the chapel of Frankley, 
and the lord of Frankley for the time being, have the keping of 
the said key by himself, or som true and faithful person, so that 
he se that the saide masse-book, vestment, chales, & apparyl be 
surely kept, as he wull answer to the blessed Trinite. Also I 
wull, that my great antiphoner be evermore had, & surely kept, 
in worship of God, and St. Leonard, to the use and occupation of, 
and for the chapel-church of St. Leonard, of Frankley. 

Also I wuUe, that all my utensils of myn household, except 
silver plate, as beds, matraces, blanquetts, brushes, tables, all pots 
& chaldrons, k all such things that longith to my kechyn, after 
the thyrd part geven to my wyfe, be equally devided between ray 
three sonns. 

Whereas, I have made certaigne feotfees of my manour of 
Tixhale, in Staffordshir, for terme of the lif of my wif, the which 
manour she had a jointour for terme of her lif, with me, neverthe- 
later, my wille is, that my said wif, do not hereafter trouble, vexe, 
ne disturbe my will & ordenance, that I have and will mak, of 
& in or for certaigne lands 8c tenements, within the cite of Wor- 
cesterj now my will and ordenance is, that she shal have the 
saide manour of Tixhale, with the reveniz thereof, during her lif, 
or els that the profitts thereof shall be taken and disposed in alms 
deeds, for my soul, by myn executor, or by such other as I wull 
thereto assigne, during her lif. 

I wull, that my three sonns, and Sir Xtopher Goldsmyth, 
parson of Bromsgrove, Sir Robert Cank, parson of Enlield, and 
Robert Oxclyve, be myn executors ; that the three first have 20 1. 
in money apeece, toward their increce and profitt, the latter v 
marks each, of money, trusting in them that they wull do their 
diligent labor to se that my will be performed ; the which, as they 
know wele the performyng thereof in godely hast and tym, that 
shall be to the liasty remedie of my soule; and the long tarying 
thereof, is to the retardation of the meritts of my soule : wherefor 
I wull, that everych of my saide sonns, to whom mv grete specyal 
trust is, as kind nature wull, for to performe and execute my will 
aforesaid. 

1 wuUe, that my wif have my best plough, and all apparj^l 



LORD LYTTELTON. 32? 

thereto, and ten of my best plough-oxen, and my best wainc ; and 
that William Lyttelton have my second best waine, two ploughs, 
& ten oxen. A.lso I wulle, & specially desire, that all the money, 
debts, goods & catells, that be myn at tyra of my deth, over the 
cost & expensys of myn exequies & funeral, & over that that iS 
bequethed by me in my llf, be sold & disposed for my soule, in 
a.lms & charitable deeds, that may be most profitable & merit to 
my soule. Also I wulle, that all my beests & quick cattel, not 
afore bequethed, after myn exequies and fum^ral, be sold by myn 
executors & to be disposed as they think most expedient for my 
soule. 

I wull & bequeth to the abbot & covent of Hales-Oweynj a 
boke of myn, called Catholicori, to theyr own use for ever ; & 
another boke of myn, wherein is contaigned, the Constitutions 
Provincial, and, De gestis Romanorum, and other treatis therein, 
which I wull be laid and bounded with an yron chayn, in som 
convenient parte within tlie saide church, at my costs, so that all 
preests & others, may se & rede it vvhenne it pleasith them. Also 
I wull & bequeth to Sir Richard Howson, my preest, 405. in 
money, and the same to my servant Hawkins. Also I bequeth 
to dame Jane, my wyf, 20l. in money, in recompense of a silver 
bason, the which was soinetym her husband's. Sir Philip Chet- 
win's} to the said dame Jane, my best habyt, that is to saye, my 
gown, cloke, & hode. Also to my doughter, Elyn, my second 
best habyt, in lyke forme. Also to Alice, my second doughter, 
my third best habyt, in lyke forme. Also I bequeth my gloset- 
saulter to the priorle of Worcester. Also I bequeth a boke, 
called Fasciculus morum, to the church at Enfield. Also I be- 
queth a boke, called Medulla Grammatica, to the church of 
Kingsnorton, Also I wulle, that my grete English boke, be sold 
by myn executors, and the money thereof to be disposed for my 
soul. 

I bequeth to Thomas Lyttelton, my sonne, a little flatte peece 
of silver, with a kover, all over gilte. Also to Edward Lyttelton, 
my godsonne, a little standing goblet of silver, with a kover to 
the same, all over gilte. And I wull, and specially desire my 
moost betrusted lord, my lord bishop of Worcester, to be over- 
seer of this my will, to be performed, as my moost special trust is 
in his gode lordship : in witness whereof, to this my will, I have 
sett my scale, theese being witnesses. Sir Richard Howson, priest, 
Roger Hawkyns, Thomas Parkess, and others. 



S29 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Written at Frankley, 22 August, the yere of our Lord Jesa 
Christ, MCCCCLXXXI, 

By inquisition taken after his death, in Worcestershire, he was 
found to die seised of the manors of Frankley, Spechley, Moseley, 
and Coulesdon, and of divers messuages and lands in Cuddeley, 
Bradicote, White Lady Aston, Upton Snodsbury, Crowle, Pinton 
and Stone, all in the said county. •' By a like inquisition taken at 
Whitchurch in Shropshire, the jury find that Sir Reginald Grey, 
of Wilton, and Fulk Springhose, were seised of the manors of 
Cressage, in that county, and thereof enfeoffed Sir Thomas Lyt- 
telton. Knight of the Bath ; Humphry Salway, and Guy West- 
cote, Esqrs. quod manerium valet ultra repris as, 20l. ' By another 
inquisition taken at Stafford, the jury find that the manor of Arley 
was held by Sir Thomas Lyttelton, Humphry Salway, and Guy 
Westcotej and that Lyttelton being deceased, the two others 
were seised thereof by right of survivorship, et valet ultra reprisas, 
20/. They find the same with regard to the manor of Tixhale, 
quod valet ultra reprisas, 40 marcas. They find them also seised 
jointly of twelve houses, in the city of Litchfield, held of the 
bishop. '' N. B. Salway and Westcote were feoffees in trust for 
Sir Thomas Lyttelton and his heirs; a method not long before 
invented by the lawyers, for the preventing the forfeiture of es- 
tates in those times of civil distractions, when attainders were very 
frequent. Besides these manors and lands which Sir Thomas 
Lyttelton appears to have had in fee, he held for his life the 
manor of Sheriff Hales, in com. Stafford, by the grant of Sir Wil- 
liam Trussel, Knight, pro bono et notabili consUio, as expressed 
in the grant, dated the 30th of Hen. VI. He had a grant also of 
the advowson of the vicarage of Bromsgrove, in com. Wigorn, 
from the dean and chapter of Worcester. He likewise held for 
the life of Dame Joan, his wife, half the manor of Grendon, with 
the advowson of the church ; the whole manor of Ingestre, with 
the advowson of the chapel, and divers lands in Rule, Rudge, and 
Breredon, all in the county of Stafford; also certain lands in 
Dordon and Warton, in com. Warwick, and lands in Grotwich 
(forsan Droitwich) and Mitton, in com. Wigorn, all by grant from 
Rob. Chetwind, of Aspath in Warwickshire. ' 

h Escaetria in Turre, 21 Ed. IV. No 55. Wigorn. 

i Escaetria, ai Edw, IV. No. 55, Salop. 

k Ibid. Stafford. 1 Vis. Salop, ut supra. 



LORD LYTTELTON. 32^ 

The Society of the Inner Temple (whereof this great lawyer 
was a member) had his arms and quarterings painted in the 
windows of their refectory, which remained till the civil war, as 
they have at this time a fine picture of him at full length, painted 
by Cornelius Jansen, from a portrait (as I conjecture) in Frankley 
or Halesowen church windows. The shield in the Temple hall 
consisted of the following coats, viz. 

Argent, a cheveron, between three escallops, sable. Lyt- 
telto?i. 

Argent, a bend cotized, sable, within a bordnre, gules, be- 
zantee. JFestcote. 

Or, two lions passant in pale, azure. Somery. 

Gules, a fess, azure, between four hands, or. Quaiermain. 

Argent, two talbots passant in pale, gules. Breston. 

Barry of six, argent and azure, a bend, gules. Grey. 

Gules, a bend, argent, debruised with a fess, or. Fitz Oslorn. 

Argent, a cheveron, between three escallops, sable. Lyttelton. 

Over all an escutcheon of four coats, viz. 

Argent, a lion rampant, sable, armed, gules, debruised with a 
fess countercompone, or and azure. Barley. 

Burley and Grey as before, with argent, two cheveronels, 
gules. Grendon.'^ 

This Society paid such respect to his memory, that in the year 
l63g, when Mr. Thomas Lyttelton, a collateral descendant of the 
Judge, applied for admission to a chamber within the said house, 
it was then by the whole company of the bench, with one voice, 
granted that the said Mr. Lyttelton's admission should be freely, 
without any fine 5 and that it might be so accepted and expressed 
as a testimony of that great respect the whole Society doth owe 
and acknowledge to the name and family of Lyttelton." 

Joan, the widow of Sir Thomas, survived him many years, 
and died on March 22d, 1505, in the eightieth year of her age, 
leaving a great estate, that came both by her father and mother 
(who was an heiress) to her eldest son. Sir William. By inqui- 
fition taken after her death, she is found to have held the manors 
of Broomcroft, Baldcote, Merkton, Mounslowe, Henlegh, Tug- 
ford, Brocton, Aldon, Thongland, Alfcote, and Alcamstone, 

m Dugd. Orig. Juridiciales, p. 187- 
n From the admission books, at the Inner Temple. 



330 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

besides lands and tenements in "Worracote, Abbedon, Winstan- 
towe, Bromfield, Cokerich, "Walton, Rowthal, Halton, Dedylbury, 
Aston, Bodenhope, and the advowson of Merston chapel, all in 
the county of Salop, and that Sir William Lyttelton is her heir, 
aged above sixty. " 

Which Sir William resided at Frankley, and being of rank 
and authority in his country, raised a considerable force there, and 
came very opportunely to the aid of King Henry VII. against 
Lambert Simnel, the Earl of Lincoln, and their adherents, and 
•was engaged in the battle of Stoke, near Newark, where after 
the victory gained on the J 1th of June, he was by the King re- 
warded with the honour of knighthood, p He married to bis first 
wife, EUyn, widow of Thomas Fielding, Esq. daughter and heir 
of William Walsh, of Wanslip in com. Leicester, by his wife the 
daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Byron, of Clayton in Lanca- 
shire, by whom he had an only daughter, named 

Joan, who became the wife of Sir John Aston, of Hey wood in 
Staffordshire, and carried the manor of T.xhale in that county, 
given her by her father, and that of Wanlip descended to her 
from her mother, into the Aston family j and Tixhale was the 
chief seat of the last lineal Lord Aston. 

His second wife was Mary, the daughter of William Whit- 
tlngton, of Pauntley in com. Gloucester, by Elizabeth, the daughter 
of Renefred Arundel, of Lanhern in Cornwall, and sister of John 
Arundel, bishop of Exeter, who gave this Mary, on her marriage 
with Lyttelton, the sum of 400 marks for a portion. i By her he 
had issue 

An only son, John, and a daughter, named 

Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas Rouse, of Rouselench in Wor- 
cestershire. 

In 21 Edw. IV. he seals a deed with the Merman, viz. a grant 
of an annuity to his brother Richard, of Pillaton-Hall. He was 
undoubtedly a benefactor to the priory church of Great Malvern, 
in Worcestershire ; for there remains at this day a portrait of him, 
finely painted in a window of the body of the church, with a 
tabard or surcoat of his arms, and his name inscribed under it. 
There was likewise a portrait of the same kind, and of Ellyn, his 
first wife, in the north window of Over-Areley church in StaiFord- 

• Escaetrja,inthe Rolls chapel, 20 Hen. VII. et Vis. Salop, ut supra. 

p MS. Claudius, C 3, in Bibl. Cotton. 

S From the oiiginal among the evidences at Hagtey. 



LORD LYTTELTON. 331 

•hire, remaining in the year 1624, with these words inscribed un- 
derneath, viz. 

Orate pro bono statu Willielmi Lyttelton, Arm. isf Elyn uxoris 
ejus, quifenestram fieri fecerunt. ^ 

He departed this Hfe at Frankley, in December 1507. aged 
sixty-five; and by will bequeaths his body to the monastery of 
Haies-Owen, to be interred before the linage of the Blessed 
Virgin, nigh the place and grave where his first wife lay buried j 
settles on Mary, his wife, the p^anors of Frankley and Coulesdon, 
in com. Wigorn ; Ridgakur, in com. Salop, and Over-Arley, in 
com. Stafford ; leaves her the greatest part of his personal estate j 
and farther entitles her to dower in his whole estate, over and 
above the ample settlement here mentioned : he orders that a 
priest be provided to pray for his soul during seven years after his 
decease; and the souls of his father and mother; and the soul of 
William Burley, his grandfather, and ail Christian souls; to say 
Placebo et Dirige the day of his anniversary, with other annual 
obiit services ; for all which he is to have eight marks per ann. the 
said divine service to be performed in the chapel of St. Leonard, 
at Frankley, to which he bequeaths his velvet gown for a cope 
and vestment. He settles all his other lands in trust for his son, 
and appoints him 20/. per ann. towards his exhibition and find- 
ing, till he comes of age. Gives five hundred marks in portion to 
his daughter Elizabeth, if she marries with her mother's consent. 
He farther orders that his yearly obitt be constantly celebrated in 
the monastery of Halesowen, and his executors to pay Vis. 4d. for 
it. He also wills that John Smith have the keeping of his park 
at Frankley, during life; and all his servants a year's wages at 
their departure. Gives 6s. 8d. to the cathedral church at Wor- 
cester ; and lastly directs his executors to procure a marble stone, 
with two images and sculptures according, to be laid over him, 
and Elyn, his first wife, ivhen GoJ shall do his mind with him. ' 

John, his son and heir, endowed his family (saith Mr. Ha- 
bingdon, in his MS. Anliq. of Worcestershire) with abundance 
of noble blood, by having in marriage Elizabeth, the daughter 
and coheir of Sir Gilbert Talbot, of Grafton in com. Wigorn, by 
Anne, his wife, the daughter and coheir of Sir William Paston, 
by Anne, his wife, third sister and coheir to Edmund Beaufort, 



r From a MS entitled. Church Notes of Staffordshire, circa ann. 1590, 
penes C. Lyttelton, nup. Cariol. Episc. 
3 From the Register, entitled, .\. Dean, qu. 32, in the Prerogative Office. 



332 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND, 

Duke of Somerset, grandson of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lan- 
caster: in right of whom Lyttelton and his posterity have law- 
fully quartered the arms of France and England, within a bordure 
gobone;' and likewise all the arms and quarterings of Talbot 
and Paston. 

By her he had seven sons, and two daughters. 

First, John, 

Second, Edward, nicknamed Long Edward, who married the 
Lady Elizabeth Talbot, daughter of Walter Wrottesley, of Wrot- 
tesley in com. Stafford, and widow to Sir John Talbot, ofAl- 
brighton in com. Stafford, from whom the Talbots of Salwarp, 
Worvill, and also the present Earl Talbot, lineally descend. 

Third, Gilbert, 

Fourth, Anthony, seated at Abbot Salford, in com. War- 
wick. 

Fifth, Roger, seated at Groveley, in King's Norton parish, 
Worcestershire j from whom, by Elizabeth, his wife, the daughter 
of John Stanley, of West-Bromwick, in com. Stafford, are de- 
scended the present Lytleltons, of Studley in Warwickshire, and 
Naunton-Beauchamp in Worcestershire. 

Sixth, George, counsellor at law, who died anno 160O, and 
lieth buried under a splendid monument in Bromsgrove church, 
com. Wigorn. 

Seventh, Thomas. 

Of the daughters, Margaret, the eldest, died unmarried ; 
Anne was the wife of Eamund Newport, of Hanley- Williams in 
Worcestershire, younger son to Thomas Newport, of High Ercal 
in Shropshire, ancestor to the late Earls of Bradford. 

By deed indented, bearing date May 23d, 23 Hen, VIIL he 
settles on Elizabeth, his wife, the manors of Frankley and Coules- 
don, with certain boilliries of salt in Droit wich, all in the county 
of Worcester ; the great manor of Cressage, and certain lands in 
Halesowen and Rugeacre, in the county of Salop ; but adds, " If 
my heir be married, and has a mind to keep house for the ex- 
ercise of husbandry, or other hospitality, then I will that he shall 
have one of the manors of Frankley or Cressage, paying my wife 
the value in rent," " 

This John Lyttelton died at Frankley, on May I/th, 1532, 

t Collins's Life of John of Gaunt, 8vo. p 87- 
u Ex Autographo penes honoratissimum Dom. Geo. Lyttelton, Baronera 
de Frankley, 



LORD LYTTELTON. 333 

aged thirty-two 5 and by his last will ordered his body to be in- 
terred in the church porch of the parish church of Halesowen ; 
to which church he bequeaths 26^. dd. to the mother church of 
Worcester, 3^. 4d. to the chapel of Frankley, 3l. 6s. 4d His soul 
to Almighty God, to our Lady St. Mary, and all the holy com- 
panye of heven. He leaves to his son John his ryng of gold, with 
the seal of his arms thereon ; also a chales, and all the chapel 
stufFe bequeathed by his grandfather, unto the Trinite of Frank- 
ley J sixteen kine, a bull, ten oxen, &c. provided his wife have 
the rule, use, and governyng of the said stuiFe, till he come to the 
age of twenty-four. He farther leaves to his wife all such chayns 
of gold, jewels, rings, and all other apparyl belonging to her 
body i gives all his servants 405. over and above their wages ; ap- 
points that his executor pay six pounds per ann. to a preste, to 
sing dayly for his soul five years after his death ; and five pounds 
per ann. to Edward Street, hys chaplyn, to pray for his soul : gives 
his daughters 300 marks each for their portion, and 800 marks to 
be divided among his younger sons, together with the rents and 
profits of his manor of Sheritis-Naunton, alias Newenton-Beau- 
champ ; and also of his lands in Coulesdon, Pipulton, and Upton 
Snodsbury. Yeven the 24th of May, 24 Hen. VJIL "" 

By inquisitions taken after his death, he was found to die 
seised of the same lands and manors as specified in the inquisi- 
tions after the death of his grandfather. Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 
afore recited; together with certain messuages and gardens, 
within the city of Worcester; and divers lands and tenements in 
South Lyttelton and Pirton; and also the wardenship of Elmley 
castle (all in the county of Worcester) in right of his manor of 
Naunton.J' 

Sir John, his son and heir, was a minor at his father's death. 
His wardship the King granted to Sir John Packington, of 
Hampton Lovett, com. Wigorn. Knight, who married him to 
Bridget, his daughter and coheir ; by which match Mr. Lyttel- 
ton greatly increased his fortune, and was the better enabled to 
rebuild in a magnificent manner his seat at Frankley; also to 
purchase a very fair estate at Halesowen, and likewise Hagley 
and Prestwood, for hunting seats. 

Anno 1553, Queen Mary granted him for life the office of 
governor or constable of Dudley castle, in com. Stafford, together 

X Ex Autographo penes honoratissimum Dom. Dom. Geo, Lyttelton, &c. 
J Escaetiia, in the Rolls Chapel, & Vis Salop, ut supra. 



334 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

with that of ranger of the old and new parks there; also cuslo« 
of the lodges, with n right of paunage, herbage, and warenage, in 
the whole manor of Dudley, witli a salary of 80/. per ann. and 
farther appointed him high steward of the manors of Birming- 
ham and Berkeswell, in com. Warwick, with a fee of 10/. per 
ann. ^ 

The same year he was chosen one of the knights for Worces- 
tershire; and also served the office of high sheiifF there, once in 
that reign, and twice in Queen Elizabeth's. ^ Though a papist, 
yet he enjoyed places of honour and trust under Queen Elizabeth, 
being one cf the council of the marches of Wales, deputy lieute- 
nant and custos rotulorum of Worcestershire, and in the com- 
mission of the peace for that county and Stafford. ^ 

Anno 1556, the said Queen Elizabeth knighted him, with 
other gentlemen of great distinction, at Kenelworth castle, when 
she honoured her favourite Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, with 
a visit there. *= 

Anno 1570, a treasonable letter was sent to Sir John Lyttel- 
ton, and Sir Thomas Russel, the Queen's lieutenants in the 
county of Worcester, from the Popish rebels, who had fled to 
Edinburgh, containing a sort of declaration of their intention to 
subvert the government and Protestant religion ; but how well 
inclined soever Sir John might be to the restoration of popery, he 
acted on this occasion like a good subject, and immfidiately sent 
the letter to secretary Cecil. ** 

The year preceding the Spanish invasion, I find a list of all thi; 
justices of the peace in Worcestershire, together with their valua- 
tions, in the subsidy book, conditions and affections in religion, 
privately communicated by the bishop of Worcester, to Secretary 
Cecil : the first person which occurs, is Sir John Lyttelton, 
" custos rotulorum, and accounted wise," valued 661. I3s. 4d. *^ 

Sir John died at Frankley, on February 15th, 1589-90, in the 
sixty-ninth year of his age, and was buried, agreeable to his last 
will, in the parish church of Halesowen. He had issue by Bridget 
his wife, six sons, and four daughters. 
First, Gilbert. 



2 Ex Chartis Orig penes honoratissimum Dom. Dom. Geo. Lyttelton, Sec. 

a Fuller's Cat. of Sheriffs of Worcestershire. 

b Vis. Salop, ut supra. c MS. Claudius, C- •;, in Bibl Cotton- 

d Strype's Annals of the Reformation, vol. i. p 576. 

e Ibid, vol iij. p. 174, in the Appendix. 



I 



LORD LYXrELTON. 335 

Second, William, who espoused Margaret, sole daughter and 
heir of William Smyth, of Shirford in com. Warw, Esq. but 
died before the age of consummation, by a fall from his horse in 
hunting. 

Third, George, settled at Holbeach, in com. Staff, who mar- 
ried his brother's widow, viz. Marg.iret, above-mentioned. 

Fourth, John ; fifth, Robert j sixth, Francis, who all three 
died unmarried. 

The d.iughters were; Elizabeth, the wife of Francis Wil- 
loughby, of Wollaton in com. Nottingham, from whom the 
Lord Middleton is descended 5 Margaret, married Samuel Mar- 
row, of Berkeswell in com. Warw. Esq.; Amphilis, wife of Wil- 
liam Barneby, of Bockleton in Worcestershire, Esq. ; and Frances, 
died unmarried. 

By different inquisitions taken after his decease at Worcester, 
Stafford, and Salop, he was found to die seised of the manor and 
advowson, with the rectory impropriate, of Over-Areley ; the 
manor of Clent and of Prestwood, with lands in Sudgelev, King's 
Swinford, and Kinfare, by the service of keeping the hay of Ash- 
wood, all in the county of Stafford 5 of the manor and advowson 
of Hagley; the manor and advowson of Old Swinford, and five 
hamlets thereunto belonging ; the manors of Cradeley and War- 
ley-Wigorn, in the parish of Hales-owen ; the several manors of 
Woodcote, Dyers, Timberhangre, with Pinton Fields, all in the 
parish of Bromsgrove ; the manor of Groveley in Cofton-Hacket ; 
lands in Northfield, Salwarp, and Elnibridge ; boilliries of salt in 
Droitwich, together with the great tithes of Wolverley (held by 
lease of the church of Worcester) all in the county of Worcester. 
He was likewise found to have died seised of the scite of the late 
dissolved monastery of Hales Owen, and of the several manors of 
Hales-Borough, Romsle'y, Ludley, and Oldbury ; together with 
thirteen townships in the said parish of Hales, with the rectory 
impropriate of Hales, Wailey, St. Kenelm in Kenelmstowe.. and 
advowson of the vicarage of Hales and St. Kenelm's chapel ; also 
of the manor and advowson, with tlie rectory impropriate of 
Higley, all in the county of Salop ; of divers lands and tenements 
in Llanyhangel, Kevenlys, Llandowy, Stradenny, and Maentel, all 
in the county of Radnor, •" 

Gilbert, his son and heir, served in parliament for Worces- 
tershire, 13 and 14 Eliz, and was high sheriff there the 2oth of 

f Orig. Inquis Rolb, in the hands of Lord Lytteltoo- 



33a PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

that reign. He resided chiefly at Prestwood, in com. Staff, where 
his father built a large house, part of which was lately the man- 
sion of William Foley, Esq, It was bought by Sir John Lyttel- 
ton, of Sutton, Lord Dudley ; but there was great contention 
between the two families, before the Lytteltons could get quiet 
possession of it. s 

In the month of October, 1592, Lord Dudley armed one 
hundred and forty persons, and came by night to Prestwood, and 
forcibly carried ofi^34l sheep, 14 kine, 1 bull, and 8 fat oxen, 
which they drove to Dudley, and there kept them. Replevins 
were immediately taken, but not delivered by the bailifts, for fear 
of their being cut to pieces. After Lord Dudley had killed and 
eaten part of them, the remainder were sent towards Coventry, 
accompanied by sixty armed men, in order to be sold; but his 
Lordship changing his mind, he raised the inhabitants of Dudley, 
Sedgley, Kingswinford, and Rowley, to the number of six or 
seven hundred persons, who brought them back to Dudley castle, 
where they roasted them all. Upon this violent proceeding, a 
bill was filed in the Star-chamber against Lord Dudley and his 
adherents J where, upon full proof of these illegal outrages, a re- 
ference was proposed and accepted, and articles were signed the 
24th of May, 1395, whereby Lord Dudley agreed to pay one 
thousand marks to Mr. Lyttelton, and all farther suit to cease. *> 

This Gilbert Lyttelton took to wife Elizabeth, daughter of 
Humphry Coningsby, of Nyend-Solers in Shropshire, and of 
Hampton-Court in com. Hereford, Esq. by whom he had three 
sons, and one daughter. 

First, John. 

Second, Humphry 3 third, Gilbert, who both died unmar- 
ried. 

Anne, his only daughter, was the wife of Sir Thomas Corn- 
wall, Baron ofEurford; which Anne lived to a very great age, 
and died the 30th of January, 16.56, aged eighty-seven, and was 
buried in Eastham church in Worcestershire. 

Mr. Lyttelton departed this life on the 1st of June, 1509, at 
his house in the White Friars, London, in the fifty-ninth year 
of his age, and was interred in the parish church of Hales-Owen. 

By several inquisitions taken after his death, he was found to 
die seised of all the manors and lands recited in the foregoing in- 



g Erdeswick's Staffbrdshire, p 134. 
h Orig. papers, in the hands of Lord Lyttelton 



LORD LYTTELTON. 33/ 

tjuisitionsj also of the manors of Shirford, Fletchamsted,, New- 
bold, Eysirijjhill, Kirkley, Kingscote, and Stretton-Baskerville i 
with the advowsou also of Stretton, and divers lauds and tene- 
ments in Cheping-Dercet, Temple-Grafton, Weston under We- 
thele, Ausley, Billingsley, Cowndon Brinklow, Hyde, and /fVttel- 
borough, all in the county of Warwick; also of the manor of 
Hinkley, and lands and tenements in Wigston and Loughborough, 
in the county of Leicester; and certain lands, &c. in Onely and 
Barby, in the county of Northampton, i 

Elizabeth, his widow, survived him near twenty years, and 
died about the year ]608. 

JoH>f, his eldest son and heir, sat in parliament for the county 
of Worcester, the 27th and 28th of Eliz. his father and grand- 
father then living ; and again in the 3c)th yp.ar of the same reign. *^ 
Being a man much respected for his wit and valour (to use the 
great Sir Francis Bacon's words, in his account of this gentleman's 
conduct in Lord Essex's plot')nr.d ;) Roman Catholic, he was 
courted by Lord Essex and his friends; and in some measure 
drawn in by Sir Charles Davers to that conspiracy which cost 
Essex his head, and Lyttelton his estate, for he was tried and con- 
demned for high treason at the King'^-Bench bar, on February 
20th, I(J00-1. The evidence on which the jury convicted him 
was very slender to amount to high treason ; the utmost that was 
proved against him, being no more than that he came to Drury- 
house at the close of a treasonable consultation. He was charged 
indeed to have designed some mischief and sedition by the great 
number of horses and quantity of arms he had in his inn, to 
which he answered : " That his estate was able to maintain good 
store of horses, and that he always delighted in arms and horses." 
Being condemned, he said no more, but lifting up his eyes to 
heaven, " We praise thee, O God, we acknowledge thee to be the 
Lord." '" 

Sir Walter Raleigh was at that time in great favour and power 
at court, and was remarkably warm in prosecuting Lord Essex, 
and his unfortunate adherents, with the utmost rigour. A very 
large sum of money, privately paid him by Mr. Lyttelton and 



i Orig. Inquis Rolls, in Lord Lyttelton's hands. 
k Vis- Salop, ut supra- 
1 Declaration of the treason and practices of the Earl of Essex, 410. printed 
in 16011 by Ft- Bacon. 

m Camden's Annals of Queen Elizabeth) in English, p. 620. 
VOL. VIII. z 



338 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Bainham, so far indeed operated upon him, that be saved their 
lives, but not their estates. " 

The following most excellent letter, written from the dungeon 
in Newgate, to Sir Walter, shews the greatness of Lyttelton's 
spirit, and deserved far better at the hands of Raleigh, 

" Sir, 
" It is not worthye the vertue and honour you professe to per- 
secute persons fallen into misfortunes. If heretofore you have 
borne me causelesse displeasure, now of all others is the time 
leste seasonable to shewe it. Remember, Sir, what it is to be 
truely noble, and how it agreeth not with generous hartes to de- 
light to trample upon dejected fortunes. It is nowe in your power 
to do me good or ill othcesj if you do me ill, you shall wrong 
your own reputation ; if you do me good, you shall give me cawse 
to be thankfull. There is allredy betweene your son and me one 
tye in blood and nature : I could be contenfe you did now double 
the knot with offices of love and friendship. To begge your favour 
in the state I stand, were too much basenesse ; to refuse it, were 
arrogancy and indiscretion : but to require you to do me no harm, 
is but justice, and that one gentleman of right oweth to another. 
What construction you will make of this, or what is nowe meete 
to be don, I must refer to your own judgment, and so I ende. 

" J. Lyttelton." • 

He was removed from Newgate to the King's Bench prison, 
Southwark, shortly after his conviction, where he lived but a few 
months, being sick (saith Camden) of an irrecoverable disease at 
the time of his trial ; p and dying on the 25th of July, l601, aged 
thirty-nine, was interred in the church of St. George, in that 
borough. 

Mr. Habingdon (the Worcestershire antiquary) in a letter to 
his son. Sir Thomas Lyttelton, dated anno J 630, has these words: 
" Sir, if you would lay but a stone over your father, and write 
thereon but John Lyttelton, Esq. the same will sufficiently blaze 
his exceeding worth." 

In Habingdon's account of the Lyttelton family, in his Survey 

n Martin's Chron in tbe Additions by B. R. A. M. also original papers 
in Lord Lyttelton's custody. 

» Ibid. p Annals of Queen Elizabeth. 



LORD LYTTELTON. 339 

of Worcestershire, he gives the following character of him : 
" John Lyttelton, a man of that undaunted spirit, as he trampled 
over all afflictions ; scorning as du^t his large revenues; and of 
that resignation and submission to allmighty God, as he esteemed 
himself not a man, but a worm, of all which I being an eye wit- 
ness, doe hope that this heir of the worthy judge hath so acquitted 
himself at the tribunal of our eterml Judge, that his faults and 
imperfections being washed away by the blood of Christ, he pos- 
sesseth never-ending felicitye : and I wiah these my poore lines 
were a tomb of brass to celebrate his memorial."'' 

He left issue by Muriel, his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Bromley, Knt. lord high chancellor of England (temp. Eliz. R.) 
by Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Adrian Fortescue, Knight, three 
sons, and five daughters viz. 

First, Thomas. 

Second, John, who was captain of horse, and adjutant to the 
Earl of Southampton, in the Netherlands, where he lost his life in 
an engagement, ann3 l62Q. 

Third, Edward, vi'ho died unmarried. 

Of the daughters, Elizabeth and Joan died young. 

Bridget was the wife of Sir John Tracy, of Fairford and Tod- 
dington, in com. Gloucester, gr^at great grandfather to the last 
Lords Tracy. She lies buried in Fairford church, and appears by 
her epitaph, written by her daughter, to have been mistress of the 
learned languages. 

Anne, the fourth daughter, was married to Edward Lilth-ton, 
Esq. afterwards lord keeper, and Baron of Mounslow, in Shrop- 
shire. She ■■ died the 6th of February, 1623, and was buried in 
the church of the Inner Temple. 

Jane, the fifth, was the wife of Sherington Talbot, of Sal- 
warp, in com. Wigorn, Esq. from whom descended Mr. Ivoiy 
Talbot, of Lacock, the Earl of Sussex, and other families of con- 
sideration. 

On Queen Elizabeth's death, King James L well weighing 
how popular a man the Earl of Essex was, and so consequently 
all those who took part with him were esteemed by the vulgar, 
unto whom an act of mercy could not but be very grateful, espe- 



q MS. (in the possession of Charles Lord Bishop of Carlisle) in his ac- 
count of the manor of Frankley. Dugd Orig Jurid. p. 177. 

r Seymour's Survey of London, vol i. p- 790, and Stow's Survey, p. 762, 
edit 1633. 



340 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

cially at his first coming to the crown, granted back, by letters 
patent, the whole estate unto Muriel, widow of John Lyttelton^ 
and his children ; and, farther, an act of parliament also passed 
the first year of that reign, for reversing the attainder, and restor- 
ing the blood of his issue. 

Muriel survived him twenty-eight years, in which time she 
paid, by savings out of her jointure, the sum of 9OOO/. and up- 
wards, debts which her husband and his father had contracted ; 
and though she exercised a proper frugality, yet was remarkably 
hospitable and charitable : but the most glorious part of her con- 
duct, was the breeding up her children in the Protestant religion, 
their ancestors having from the reformation to that time adhered 
to the old errors of the church of Rome, After a life thus spent 
in good works, she exchanged it tor a better, dying at Hagiey- 
hall, the 10th day of April, l630, where in the churchyard she 
lies buried under a plain tomb, amongst her poor neighbours ; as 
she expressly directed by her last wmIL 

Sir Thomas, her eldest son, Jirst Baronet, was chosen Knight 
for Worcestershire, in the two last parliamtmts of King James I. 
and three others of King Charles I. Anno l(5l3, he served the 
office of high sheriff of Staffordshire. Anno J 6' 1 8, he was knighted 
at Whitehall, having a few months before been created a Baronet. 
Upon the breaking out of the civil war, he adhered to the King's 
party. The county of Worcester being entirely in his Majesty's 
interest. Sir Thomas had the chief military command there, the 
King by letter dated the 25th of June, \Qi2, ordering him to re- 
pair immediately to his house in Worcestershire, where he was 
appointed colonel of all the militia, and commissioner of array 
jointly with the Lords Dudley and Coventry, Sir John Packington 
and others. * The year following, I find liim a member of the 
Oxford parliament ; and the very next year he was taken in armg 
at Bewdley, by the parliament forces, and stieightly confined in 
the Tower of London. ' During his imprisonment, his estate was 
put under sequestration ; an order of the 10th of March, 1644-5, 
passing the house, that Sir Thomas Lyttelton should pay four 
thousand pounds for his delinquency. " About this time also, his 
line seat at FranJdey was burnt to the ground by Prince Rupert, 
having been garrisoned by the Prince for the King ; and he, being 
obliged to dislodgi-, look this effectual method, to prevent the 

s Original in the hands of Lord Lyttelton. 
t Whitlock's Memorial, p 83. 
« Joiiriiu'is of the Housi of Cuninions, dc hoc anno. 



LORD LYTTELTON. S4\ 

enemy making the like use of it. Sir Thomas obtained his liberty- 
after some years close confinement, but enjoyed it a very short 
time, dying on the 22d of February, l649-.^0, at Newcastle house, 
in Clerkenwell, and was interred in Worcester cathedral. 

He had issue by Catherine, his wife, daughter and sole heir to 
Sir Thomas Crompton, of Driffield in Yorkshire, by Muriel, 
sister of Henry, Viscount Falkland, lord deputy of Ireland, twelve 
sons, and four daughters, viz. 

First, John ; second, Thomas ; third, Horatio ; fourth, Henry? 
fifth, another Henrys sixth, Edward; seventh, Charles ; eighth, 
Constantinej ninth, V/illiam 3 tenth, Arthur 5 eleventh, Ferdi- 
nand© 5 twelfth, George. 

The daughters were, Catherine j Mary; Anne; and another 
Catherine 

John and Thomas, the two eldest, were unfortunately drowned 
in the river Cherwel, near Magdalen college, Oxford, where in 
the chapel, under a very fair monument, their remains were in- 
terred ; on which is inscribed the following epitaph written by 
their father : 

Johannes & Thomas 

Lyttelton 

Eximiae spei adolescentuli, 

Thomje Lyttelton, Militis & 

Baronetti, ex lectissima juxta 

Atque maestissima Domina Catherina 

Conjuge filii natu majores hie 

Obdormiscunt : quos innoxie 

Obambulantes, in campo minorem 

Lubricus pes in undam misit, 

Majorem pietas sua. 

Sic ausum repetere fratrem, & 

Felici hoc quasi compendio, 

Totam explicantem indolem, 

Invicem flagranter complexos, 

Una mortis horula absorpsit, 

Duro & prsepropero fato. 

Diem suum obierunt, alter xvii 

Alter xiii nnnos nati, 

Maii nono, M.D.CXXXV. 

Nescis qua hora 

Vigila. 



342 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

In Cowley's works we have an elegy on these two unfortunate 
youths, 

Henry, Arthur, and Horatio, died young. 

The other Henry was heir to his father. 

Edward was killed in a duel at Worcester, and buried in the 
cathedral near his father. 

Constantine married a daughter of Sir Thomas Jones, one of 
the judges of the King's Bench, and died in Jamaica, o.t Dectmber 
31st, 1662, leaving no issue. 

Charles became heir to his brother Henry, of whom inore 
afterwards. 

William was captain of horse, and gentleman usher to the 
Queen of Bohemia, and died unmarried. 

As did Ferdinando, who was groom of the bed-chamber to the 
Duke of York, and having a regiment of horse in the French 
King's service, lost his life in an engagement upon the Rhine, 
temp. Car. II. 

George, the youngest, was major in Prince George of Den- 
mark's regiment, and mairied Elizabeth, daughter of the famous 
Sir Thomas Brown, of Norwich. He died at Windsor, without 
issue, and was buried in St. George's chapel there, and on his 
grave-stone has this inscription, ^ " Here lyeth the body of major 
George Lyttelton, twelfth son of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, in the 
county of Worcester, Knight and Baronet, who departed this life 
May 31st, anno dom. 171/^ aged seventy-seven." 

The daughters all died unmarried ; two of whom lie buried in 
Lichfield cathedral, with an inscription on them. 

A handsome monument was erected to the memory of Sir 
Thomas, and his wife, in Worcester cathedral, with the follow- 
ing epitaph : 

Near this place, under 

A black stone lies interred 

The body of Sir Thomas Lyttelton 

Of Frank ley in the county of 

Worcester Knt. and Bart, who died 

In the year of our Lord 1650, 

Aged fifty-senven yeares. 
And under the same stone also 
The body of Dame Catharine 

X Pole's History and Antiq of Windsor, p- 384. 



LORD LYTTELTON. 343 

Lyttelton, his wife, daughter 

And sole heir of Sir Thomas 

Crompton, in the county of 

York, Knt. who died in the 

Year of our Lord 1666, 
Aged sixty-seaven yeares. 

At the top of the monument is placed a shield, containing the 
arms of Lyttelton, viz. argent, a chevron between three escallops, 
sable, with the arms of Ulster in a canton, impaling those of 
Crompton, viz. gules, a fess between three lions rampant, or. 
N. B. the fess should have been wavy, and not plain. 

Upon a flat grave-stone, under the monument, (which was 
lately removed, together with all the other grave-stones, in the 
body and side isles of the cathedral) was this inscription in capital 
letters : 

Let no man slight. 
His mortalitie 
Anno \Q4g.y 

These words were appointed to be hereon inscribed 
by Sir Thomas Lyttelton, of Frankley in the 
county of Worcester, Knt. and Bart, who died the 
22d of February, 1 649, and was buried under this 
stone, together with Dame Katharine, his wife, 
who died the 24th of June, 1666, full of years and 
good works. 



D 



Sir Thomas got a very good estate with this lady ; but the 
whole was sold by him and his son. Sir Henry, while they were 
under imprisonment and sequestration, for adhering to the royal 
cause. She brought him the manors of Skidby and Euston, with 
lands and tenements in Beverley, Ayke, Rippon, Holdenby, Dar- 
field. Thorp, and Slatborn, together with the advowson of Slat- 
born, also the rectorial tithes of Willesdale, alias Guilsdalej a 
moiety of a mill in Norton and Sutton, all in the county of York ; 
the rectory impropriate of St. Olaves, in York city j the tithes of 

y The dates of the year of his death are different, but cut so on the 
stones. 



344 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Barrow, Possenhill, Arlestree, Swynney, Wigwick, Harley, Acton 
Round, and Payntcn, all in the county of Salop ; the manor of 
Hounslow, in Middlesex ; the rectory impropriate, and advowson 
of the vicarage of Laxton, in com. Nottingham ; the rectory im- 
propriate, and advowson of the vicarage of All Saints, in North- 
ampton J with divers lands and tenements in Blisworth, com. 
Northampton ; lands and tenements in Kirkby-Kendal, in West- 
morland ; with the rectory impropriate, and advowson of the 
said vicarage, and the chantry lands formerly belonging to the 
said church; lands and tenements in Litherland, Beckenshaw, 
and RufFord, in Lancashire; with divers buildings in Hare-court, 
at the Inner Temple, London, called Crompton s Buildings. ^ In 
his last will, dated December 20th, l644, " Concerning my 
goods (he says) which by these unhappy wars are of small value, 
I give my jewels, plate, and chattels of all sorts, to my wife, ex- 
cept 3 to my nephew, John Tracy, Esq. my ruby 

ring; to Sherington Talbot, Esq. 20/. to my wife 500/. to the 
poor of Halesowen, 10/. and of Hagley, five marks, &c." ^ 

Sir Henry, second Baronet, thefifth, but eldest survimng son, 
succeeded his father in title and estate. Anno l654, he was 
seized by warrant from Cromwell, and confined in the Tower, on 
suspicion of having designs to subvert the governnient, a large 
quantity of arms being discovered in a private chamber, at his 
house at Hagley. ^ He was kept a close prisoner seventeen 
months ; his estate put under sequestration, and the then ex- 
pensive office of the sheriffalty of Worcestershire laid upon him 
(anno \Q55) during his confinement. A very short time before 
the restoration took place, he was honoured with the following 
letter from the King, all written in his own hand ; which shews 
how. high a value the King set upon his services : 

" Brussels, Jan. 8th, i66o. 
*' To Sir Henry Lyttelton, 

" I am well informed how much and how often you have suf- 
fered for me, and how much I am beholding to all your relations, 
and you may be very sure I have the sense of it that I ought to 
have, of which you shall one day have evidence ; in the mean 
time cherish your health, and prepare for better times which we 

z From original papers, in Lord Lyttelton's custody, 
a Ex Autographoin Curia Perogativi 
ij Thurloe's State Papers 



LORD LYTTELTON. 345 

shall enjoy together. Commend me to all your friends, and be 
confident you shall always find me to be 

" Your affectionate friend 

" Charles R."'= 

Anno 1660, he was chosen member of parliament for the city 
of Litchfield; and the same year I find him one of the jury for 
the trial of the regicides. 

He was twice married, viz. first to Philadelphia, daughter and 
coheir of Thomas Gary, Esq. second son to Robert, Earl of Mon- 
mouth, by whom he had no issue. This lady died at Tunbridge 
Wells, in her attendance on the Queen (to whom she was lady of 
the bedchamber) the 2d of August, l663, and was interred in the 
parish church of Tunbridge, where an elegant monument was 
erected to her memory, with the following epitaph, written by 
Dr. Alestree, provost of Eton : 

H. S. L 

Philadelphia Lytteltov 

Fortunae corporis, animae dotibus 

Quantum capit mortalitas 

Illustris. 

In Thalamis virgo 

In urbe matrona 

In aula demum ipsa Christiana 

Nullibi honestius forma. 

Nee pulchrius virtus habitabat j 

Inter profligates iniquissimi temporis mores 

Candorem, modestiam, pietatem, fidem, 

Profiteri ausa est et colere, 

Tanto melior quo malis proprior. 

Dolendum interim. 

Quod quae inter ignes, nives 

Et morbos incolumitatem retinuit, 

Mediis in aquis, flammas 

Et vitse praesidiis, mortem reperit : 

Siquidem 

Ad Tunbrigienses fontes, 

Ardente correpta febre 

Immortalitate digna et Deo matura, 

c Original, in the hands of the Lord Bishop of Carlisle 



346 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Ad coslestem aulam transiit, 

Mensis Aug. die 2°. anno l663. 

^tat. 32. 

Serenissimae Catharinae Angliae Reginae 

A Privata Camera. 

Henrici Lyttelton 

In agro Wigorn^ Baronetti 

Uxor. 

ThoMjE Gary 

RoBERTi Gomitis Monumethen. F. 

Et 

Serenissimo Garolo I'"" a Cubiculo 

Filia natu major 

Et 
Ex semisse haeres. 

His second wife was the Hon. Elizabeth Newport, daughter 
of Francis, Viscount Newport (afterwards Earl of Bradford) by 
whom also he had no issue. She survived him above thirty 
years, and became wife to Edward Harvey, of Gomb in Surry, 
Esq. 

Sir Henry died at Over-Arley in Staffordshire (where he 
chiefly resided) the 24th of June, 1(593, aged sixty-nine ; and 
was buried in that church, where is a very handsome monument 
erected to his memory, ornamented with a shield, containing his 
own arras and supporters, and eleven quarterings, with the fol- 
lowing inscription : 

In the vault beneath is interred the body of Sir 
Henry Lyttelton Baronet of Frankley, in the 
county of Worcester; who died the 24th of June, 
l6o3, aged 6q years. He was first married to Mrs. 
Philadelphia Gary, one of the daughters and 
coheirs of Mr. Thomas Gary, son of the Earl of 
Monmouth; and after her death to the Hon. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Newport, of Bradford in Shropshire; 
to whose memory this monument is erected by his 
brother and heir. Sir Gharles I/Yttelton, Kct. 
and Bart. 

In the chancel of this church lies also buried his 
brother^ Gaptain William Lyttelton, and his 



LORD LYTTELTON. 347 

beloved nephew, Henry Lyttelton, eldest son 
of Sir Chaklks Lyttelton. 

Sir Charles, third Baronet, brother and heir to Sir Henrv, 
took to arms early in his youth ; and, during the civil wars, was 
in the town of Colchester, when it underwent that severe siege 
from Cromwell's forces. After the surrender of the town, he 
escaped into France; but returned to England in the year \65Q, 
just before Sir George Booth's rising in Cheshire for the King. 
How considerable a share he had in that bold and spirited at- 
tempt, to restore the King and constitution, appears by the fol- 
lowing passage, in Lord Mordaunt's letter to the King, concern- 
ing that transaction : 

'« Calais, Oct. nth, 1659. 
" Charles Lyttelton landed here yesterday, and desires his 
duty may be humbly presented to your Majesty. I cannot for- 
bear doing him right to assure your Majesty, no person appeared 
more considerable (Sir George Booth only excepted) than he 3 
and he had undoubtedly carried Shrewsbury, but that one mis- 
fortune on another happened, &c." 

That design miscarrying, he was taken prisoner, and confined 
in the Gatehouse, Westminster ; but soon obtaining his liberty, he 
returned to his royal master, and served him in a private capacity 
with more success than he had been able to do in a public one j 
for it appears by other letters, in the Ormond Collection (from 
whence the above was extracted'') that he was employed on 
many secret and important messages, between the King and his 
friends in England, at that critical conjuncture, just preceding the 
restoration. How favourably Sir Edward Hyde thought of him, 
at that time, though he does not vouchsafe to mention him in his 
history, appears from the following letter of his to the Marquis 
of Ormond : 

*' Colonel Whitley tells me, that Charles Lyttelton is gone 
post to the King, with letters to the King from my Lord Mor- 
daunt. I shall not need to desire you to make very much of 
Charles Lyttelton, who is a very worthy young man; and, I pray 
you oblige him to tell you (and call to him from me) the plea- 

<l Carte's Collection of Letters, vol. ii. p. 227. 



348 PEERAGE OF ENGIAND 

sant discourse he had with Lord Berkeley, the morning before his 
departure 5 and if he be not worth his weight in gold, &c/' ' 

Anno 1 662, he was knighted, and went soon after to Jamaica, 
with Lord Windsor, as lieutenant-governor j who quickly leaving 
that island, on account of ill health, Sir Charles Lyttelton re- 
mained sole governor, and built the town of Port Royal, which 
was ahnost entirely destroyed by the great earthquake, in I692. 
On his return to England, he was appointed colonel of the Duke 
of York's regiment. Anno 1673, he was made governor of 
Sheerness and Landguard fort ; and had other employments under 
the crown in the reign of King Charles IL During King James 
IPs reign, he sat in parliament for the borough of Bewdley, and 
bad the command of the Princess of Denmark's legiment, and 
was brigadier-general tiil the revolution, when he resigned all his 
employments, on account of the oaths, and retired to his house at 
West-Sheene, near Richmond, till his brother Sir Henry's death, 
when he settled at Hagley, for the remainder of his life. 

He was twice married : first, to Catherine, daughter of Sir 
William Fairfax, of Steton in Yorkshire, Knight, (and widow of 
Mr. Lister) by whom he had one son, born at sea, in their passage 
from England to Jamaica j who, together with the mother, died 
not long after in that island, and were both interred in the church 
of Spanish Town. A monument was erected there to her me- 
mory, on which are inscribed these epitaphs : 

M.S. 

His jacet Cathakina Lyttelton, 

Filia D. D. Gul. Fairfax, de Steton in comitatu 

Eboracensi, Equitis Aurati. Uxor D. D. 

Caroli Lyttelton, Equitis Aurati, 

Et in Jamaica Vice-Gubernatoris 3 

Obiit Januar, 26. 

1662. 

Hie situs est Henricus Lyttelton, D. D. 

Caroli Lyttelton et Catharinje uxoris 

Suae in vicina sepultae filiolus seraestris 

Obiit Feb. 1. A. D. 1 662. 

e Carte's Collection of Letters, vol ii. .227. 



LORD LYTTELTON. 849 

His second wife was Anne, daughter and coheir of Thomas 
Temple, of Frankton in Warwickshire, by Rebecca, daughter of 
Sir Nicholas Carew, of Beddington in Surry, Knt. who brought 
him five sons, and eight daughters, viz. 

Henry and Charles, who died in their infancy. 

Another Henry, who was captain of horse, and died unmar- 
ried ; another Charles, who took to wife Anne, daughter and 
heir of Thomas Saunders, of Beechwood in Hertfordshire, Esq, 
(and widow of Sir Thomas Sebright, of Besford in Worcestershire, 
Bart.) by whom he had no issue. He departed this life August 
16th, 1712, and was buried at Over-Arley. 

Thomas, \hejifth son, became heir to his father. 

Of the daughters, Anne; Elizabeth; Anne Charlotte, died 
young; Catherine died unmarried, May 24th, 1742; Cary was 
the wife of Sir Theophilus Biddulph, of Elmhurst in Staffordshire, 
Bart, and died April 18th, 1741 ; Mary was married to William 
Plowden, of Plowden in Shropshire,*^ and died January 15th, 
1745-6; Anne married Joseph Amphlett, of dentin Stafford- 
shire, Esq. and died May 25th of May, 1715 ; and Octavia, the 
youngest, died unmarried. 

Sir Charles s lived to a great age, having the perfect enjoy- 
ment of his health and senses to his eighty-seventh year. He de- 
parted this life at his seat at Hagley, on May 2d, 1716. Dame 
Anne, his widow, survived him two years, dying on August 27th, 
17 18, and was buried by her husband in the -vault at Over- 
Arley. '' 

Sir THOMA<i, fourth Baronet, the fifth but only surviving son, 
succeeded his father in title and estates. He was thrice chosen 
knight of the shire for Worcestershire, and sat in one parliament 
for the borough of Camelford in Cornwall. Anno 1727? he was 
appointed a lord of the admiralty, which he resigned anno 1741 ; 
and at the same time declined a re-election to parliament on ac- 
count of ill health and infirmities. He married Christian, maid 
of honour to Queen Anne, daughter to Sir Richard Temple, of 
Stow in Bucks, Bart, (by Mary, the daughter and coheir of 
Henry Knap, of Weston in Oxfordshire, Esq.) and sister the late 
Lord Viscount Cobham, by whom he had six sons, and as many 
daughters, 

f They had issue a daughter, the wife of Mr. Wright, a banker in Covent 
Garden She died in child-bed, March 30th, 1739 
g See a portrait of him in Harding'* Edition of the Memtin of Qi ammotr . 



350 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Fi rst, George , Jirs t peer. 

Second, Thomas, who was page of honour to the Princess 
Royal Anne, and died unmarried on April l6th, 1729, 

Third, Charles, formerly of the Middle Temple, and barrister 
of law 5 but entering into holy orders, in August, 1742, became 
rector of Alvechurch, in com. Wigorn. In December, 1747> ap- 
pointed one of his late Majesty's chaplains in ordinary j and in 
May, 1748, promoted to the deanery of the cathedral church of 
Exeter. On the 21st ofMarch, 1762, he was consecrated Bishop 
OF Carlisle, (on the translation of bishop Osbaldistou to the see of 
London,) and died possessed of that see, at his house in Clifford- 
street, December 22d, 1768, unmarried, and was buried at Hag- 
ley. He was eminent for his knowledge of English antiquities. 

Fourth, Richard, who died in his infancy. 

Fifth, Another Richard, first page of honour to Queen Caro- 
line; then successively ensign of the guards ; captain of marines ; 
aid-de-camp to the Earl of Stair at the battle of Dettingen j de- 
puty quarter-master-general in South Britain, with the rank of 
lieutenant-colonel, and lieutenant-general. On the 11th of De- 
cember, 1756, he was appointed master of the jewel-office, which 
he resigned in December, 17^2, when he was appointed captain- 
general and commander-in-chief of the island of Minorca. April 
19th, 1766, having resigned the government of Minorca, he was 
appointed governor of the island of Guernsey, &c. In the par- 
liament summoned to meet on the 13th of August, \7'^7i ^^ was 
elected member for Biackley ; and in the next parliament sat for 
Poole, in the county of Dorset. On the 27th of December, 1753, 
he was installed Knight of the Bath, and died October 1st, 1770, 
without issue. He married Rachael, daughter of Wriothesley, 
second Duke of Bedford, and widow of Scroop, first Duke of 
Bridgewater. Her Grace died at her house in Piccadilly, May 
22d, \777. 

Sixth, William Henry, third Lord Lytttlton. 

Of the daughters. Christian, the eldest, wa'- married to Tho- 
mas Pitt, of Boconnock in Cornwall, Esq. She died at Hagley, 
June the 5th, 1750, and was there buried. She was mother of 
the first Lord Camelford. 

Mary, Penelope, and Amelia, all died unmarried. 

Anne, the wife of the late Francis Ay.scoiigh, D. D. clerk of 
the closet to the late Prince of Wales, and first preceptor to his 
present Majesty, and the late Duke of York, and afterwards dean 



LORD LYTTELTON. 351 

of Bristol. She ^ died at her house in Lisle-street, Leicester- 
square, on March 30th, I776, aged sixty-four. She was mother 
of Captain Ayscough, and Lady Cockburn. 

Hester, the youngest, married, in 17^3, to John Fitzmaurice, 
Esq. of Springfield, in the county of Limerick, in Ireland. 

Sir Thomas died at Hagley, the 14th of September, 1/51, 
aged sixty-six years, and was interred by the remains of his wife 
(who died the 10th of April, 1748, aged fifty-nine years) in the 
vault at Hagley, to whose memories an elegant monument is 
erected in the chance], with the following inscriptions : 

To the Memory of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, Bart. 

Whose sound judgment, inflexible integrity and universal candour, 

Recoinmended him to the Esteem of all Parties. 
He was knight of the shire fur the county of Worcester in three 

successive Parliaments, 
And one of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty fourteen 

Years, 

Where he behaved with Impartiality, Prudence and Honour: 

But his ill Health obliging him to withdraw fi-om Business, 

He resigned that employment 

And lived retired 

In the continual Exercise of all the Virtues 

Which can enoble a private Life, 

Hospitality, Charity, unbounded Benevolence, 

But more especially of that most difficult and truly heroical Virtue, 

Fortitude in bearing violent Pain, 

With which it pleased God to try him in an extraordinary Manner, 

And which instead of diminishing the Vigour of his Mind 

Gave it additional Strength. 

He felt every public and private Calamity, 

More than the Intenseness of his own SufFerinsrs. 

Which he seem'd to forget. 

While he was meditating the Relief 

Or advancing the Felicity of others. 

To the great Author of all Good his Heart overflow'd witk 

Gratitude, 

And his Tongue with Praise, 

Even amidst the severest Agonies, 

f Coffin Plate. 



352 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Especially for that divine Grace 

Which enabled hira to support them. 

And for that unimpair'd Understanding 

Of which he made the noblest use to his last Moments, 

Dying as he had lived, 

With unari'ected Greatness of Mind, 

With modest Dignity, 

With calm Resignation, 

And humble but confident Hopes in the Mercy of God, 

Through the Merits of Jesus Christ his Redeemer, 

Sept. the 14. Ann. Dom. 1/51, 

In the 66. Year of his Age. 

In the same Vault lies interr'd 

The Body of Dame CiiKisriAN, 

The Wife of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, Bart. 

Daughter of Sir Richakd Temple, Bart. 

Of Stow in the County of Bucks, 

A Lady of excellent Piety, 

And of a most gentle 

And sweet Disposition, 

By whom he had twelve Children, 

Six Sons and six Daughters. 

She was born the 1 1 of June 1(588, 

Was married in the Year 17OS, 

And died, beloved and mourned 

By her Family, by her Neighbours, 

And by the Poor, Apr. 10, 1748. 

To both his most dear 

And most honour'd Parents 

Sir Geokge Lyttelton, Bart. 

Raised and inscribed this Stone. 

- George, first Lord Lyttelton, the eldest son and heir to 
Sir Thomas, sat in several parliaments for the borough of Oke- 
hampton in Devon. Anno 1737, he was appointed principal se- 
cretary to the Prince of Wales, father of his present Majesty ; and 
in 17'i4, one of the lords commissioners of the Treasury, which 
resigning in 175^, he was made cofterer to his Majesty's household, 
and privy-counsellor. Having resigned the office of cofferer, in 
December, 1755, he was appointed Chancellor and Under 



LORD LYTTELTON. 353 

Treasurer of his Majesty's Court of ExcHEauES ; and by letters 
patent, dated the iQth of November, 1/57, 31 Geo. II, was created 
a Peer of Great Britain, by the style and title of Lord Lyttel- 
TON, Baron of Frankley , in the comity oj TVorcester. 

He married Lucy, the daughter of Hugh Fortescue, of Filleigh 
in com. Devon, Esq. by Lucy, his second wife, the daughter of 
Matthew, Lord Aylraer; and had one son, 

Thomas, the second peer, and two daughters ; 

Lucy, married on the lOlh of May, 1/(57, at St. James's 
church in Westminster, to the Right Hon. Arthur, Viscount Va- 
lentia, of the kingdom of Ireland, now Earl of Mountnorris. 

And Mary, who died an infant. 

This Lady died the Igth of January, 1/46-7, and was buried 
at Over Arley ; but a very elegant monument is erected to her 
memory in the chanctl of the church at Hagley, containing the 
following inscriptions : 

To the 

Memory of Lucy Lyttelton, 

Daughter of Hugh Fortescue, of Filleigh 

In the County of Devon, Esq, 

Father to the present Earl of Clinton : 

By Lucy his Wife, 

The Daughter of Matthew Lord Aylmer, 

Who departed this Life the ipth of Jan. 1746-7, 

Aged twenty-nine. 

Having employed the short Term assigned to her here 

In the uniform Practice of Religion and Virtue. 

Made to engage all Hearts and charm all eyes ; 
Though meek, magnanimous; though witty, wise} 
Polite, as all her Life in Courts had been ; 
Yet good, as she the World had never seen 3 
The noble Fire of an exalted Mind 
With gentlest female Tenderness combined. 
Her Speech was the melodious Voice of Love, 
Her Song the warbling of the vernal Grove, 
Her Eloquence was sweeter than her Song, 
Soft as her Heart, and as her Reason strong. 
Her Form each Beauty of her Mind exprest^ 
Her Mind was Virtue by the Graces drest. 

VOL. VIII. a A 



354 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

M. S. 

Luci^ Lyttelton 

Ex antiquisslmorum Fortescutorum genere ortac; 

Quae annos nata viginti novem, 

Formae eximia?, indolis optimse, ingenii maximi. 

Omnibus bonis ardbus, literisque bumanioribus^ 

Supra astatem & sexum exculti. 

Sine superbia laude florens, 

Morte immatura 

Vitam pie, pudice, sanct^ actam 

In tertio puerperio clausit, 

Decimo nono die Januarii, 

Anno Domini 1746-7. 

Fleta etiam ab ignotis. 

Uxori dilectissimo 

Quinquennio felicissimo conjugii nondum absolute 

Immensi amoris ac desiderii hoc qualecunque monumentum 

Posuit Georgius Lyttelton, 

Adhuc, eheu ! superstes. 

At in eodem sepulchre ipse olim sepeliendus, 

Et per Jesum Christum Salvatorem suum. 

Ad vitae melioris diuturniora guadia 

Lacrymis in aeternum abstarsis, 
Se cum ilia resurrecturum confidens. 

Lord Lyttelton married to his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Sir Robert Rich, Bart, by whom he had no issue. She died 
September l/th, 1/95. 

Plis Lordship, who was also one of the Fellows of the Royal 
Society, departed this life at Hagley, on August 22d, 1773. The 
physician who attended his Lordship in his last illness, has given 
the following account ihereof, in a letter *■ dated August 28th : 
" On Sunday evening the symptoms of his Lordship's disorder, 
which for a week past had alarmed us, put on a fatal appearance, 
and his Lordship believed himself to be a dying man. From this 
time he suffered by restlessness rather than pain j and tliough his 
nerves were apparently much fluttered, his mental faculties never 
seemed stronger when he was thoroughly awake. 

" His Lordship's bilious and hepatic complaints seemed alone 
not equal to the expected mournful event ; his long want of sleep, 

f Addressed to Mrs. Montagu. 



LORD LYTTELTON. 855 

whether the consequence of the irritation in the bowels, or which 
is more probable, of causes of a different kind, accounts for his 
loss of strength, and for his death "ery sufficiently. 

" Though his Lordship wished his approaching dissolution 
not to be lingering, he waited for it with resignation. He said, 
it is a folly, a keeping me in misery now to attempt to prolong 
life; yet he was easily persuaded for the satisfaction of others, to 
do or take any thing thought proper for him. On Saturday he 
had been remarkably better, and we were not without some hopes 
of his recover}'. 

" On Sunday, about eleven in the forenoon, his Lordship sent 
for me, and said he felt a great hurry, and wished to have a little 
conversation with me in order to divert it. He then proceeded 
to open the fountains of that heart, from whence goodness had so 
long flowed as from a copious spring. Doctor, said he, you shall 
be my confessor; when I first set out in the world, I had friends 
who endeavoured to shake my belief in the Christian religion. I 
saw difficulties which staggered me; but I kept my mind open to 
conviction. The evidences and doctrines of Christianity, studied 
with attention, made me a most firm and persuaded believer of 
the Christian religion. I have made it the rule of my life, and it 
is the ground of my future hopes, I have erred and sinned ; but 
have repented, and never indulged any vicious habit. In politics 
and public life, I have made public good the rule of my conduct, 
I never gave counsels which I did not at that time think best. I 
have seen that I was sometimes in the wrong, but did not err 
designedly. I have endeavoured in private life to do all the good 
in my power, and never for a moment could indulge malicious or 
unjust designs upon any person whatsoever. 

" At another time, he said, I must leave my soul in the same 
state it was in before this illness ; I find this a very inconvenient 
time for solicitude about any thing, 

*' On the evening when the symptoms of death came on, he 
said, I shall die; but it will not be your fault. When Lord and 
Lady Valentia came to see his Lordship, he gave them his solemn 
benediction, and said, be good, be virtuous, my Lord, you must 
come to this. Thus he continued giving his dying benedictions 
to all around him. On Monday morning, a lucid interval gave 
some small hopes, but these vanished in the evening ; and he con- 
tinued dying, but with very little uneasiness, till Tuesday morn- 
ing, August 22d, when between seven and eight o'clock he ex- 
pired, almost without a groan," 



356 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

His Lordship was buried at Hagley, and the following inscrip- 
tion is cut on the side of his Lady's monument : 

This unadorned stone, was placed here. 

By the particular desire and 

Express directions of the late Right Honourable 

George Lord Lyttelton, 

Who died August 22d, 1773, aged 64. 

" I remember,'' says Mrs. Montagu in a letter to Lord Kaims, 
"■ Sir William Temple says, in one of his Essays, that when he 
recollects how many excellent men and amiable women of his 
acquaintance have died before him, he is ashamed to be alive. 
With much more reason than Sir William Temple, whose merit 
I dare say was equal at least to that of any of the friends he sur- 
vived, I feel this very strongly. I have lived in the most intimate 
connexion with some persons of the highest character in this agej 
ihey are gone, and I remain : all that adorned me is taken away, 
and only a cypress wreath remains. I used to boirow some lustre 
from them, but now I seem respectable (even in my own eyes) 
only as the mourner of departed merit. I agree with your Lord- 
ship, that 1 ought not to lament the death of Lord Lyttelton on 
his account. His virtue could not have been more perfect in this 
mortal state, nor his character greater than it is with all those 
whose praise could be an object to a wise and worthy man. He 
now receives the full reward of those virtues, which here, though 
they gave him a tranquil cheerfulness amidst many vexations, and 
the sufferings of sickness, yet could not bring a perfect calm to 
the wounds his paternal affection suffered. When 1 consider how 
unhappy his former, how blessed his present condition, I am 
ashamed to lament him. The world has lost the best example^ 
modest merit the most zealous protector, mankind its gentlest 
friend. My loss is unspeakable; but as the friendship of so ex- 
cellent a man is the best gift of God, and I am sensible I was 
never deserving of so great a blessing, I ought rather to offer 
thanks it was bestowed, than repine it was taken away ; and only 
to beg, that by the remembrance of his precepts and example, I 
may derive the same helps to doing my duty in all relations of 
life, and social engagements, as I did from his advice. But virtue 
never speaks with such persuasion as when she borrows the accents 
of a friend. Moreover, my time in this world will probably be 
very short, and if it were long, I could not forget to admire so 



LORD LYTTELTON. 357 

admirable a pattern of goodness — I ever am, my lord, &c. &c. 
Elizabeth Montagu." 

" On this occasion," says Mrs. Elizabeth Carter, s "■ I trust 
our excellent friend is rejoicing in his escape from the suffer- 
ings of a probationary life. It would be absolutely selfish to 
wish him back to a world where his trials derived their most 
painful acuteness from the sensibility of his virtue." " You 
say Lord Lyttelton * became a christian ^ from philosophical en- 
quiry.' But upon that enquiry he entered with a mind undis- 
turbed by passion, and unbiassed by prejudice ; and, consequently, 
with a heart full of virtuous dispositions. Had his head been ever 
so speculative and philosophical ; with the pride, and malevolence, 
and dissoluteness of Bolingbroke, or the pert paradoxical vanity 
of Hume, with all his enquiries he had remained an unbeliever." 
He was succeeded by his son, Thomas, second Lord Lyt- 
telton, born January 30th, i7-^-^> " a man of a very different 
character. 

" With great abilities, generally very ill applied ; with a strong 
sense of religion, which he never suffered to influence his conduct, 
his days were mostly passed in splendid misery ; and in the 
pain/ul change of the most extravagant gaiety, and the deepest 
despair. The delight, when he pleased, of the first and most 
select societies, he chose to pass his time, for the most part, with 
the most profligate and abandoned of both sexes. Solitude was 
to him the most insupportable torment, and to banish reflection, 
he flew to company whom he despised and ridiculed. His con- 
duct was a subject of bitter regret both to his father and all his 
friends."' 

His Lordship married at Hales Owen in Staffordshire, on June 
2(5th, 1772, Apphia, second daughter of Jiroome Witts, late of 
Cheping Norton in Oxfordshire, Esq. and relict of Joseph Peach, 
late governor of Calcutta in the East Indies. 

His Lordship was chief justice in Eyre of his Majesty's forests 
north of Trent, and high steward of Bewdley. His Lordship 
died at his seat at Pitt-place, Epsom, November 27th, 1779, s. p. 
whereby the English Peerage became extinct. 

William Henry, re-created Lord Lyttelton, sixth son of 
Sir Thomas Lyttelton, was twice chosen member of parliament for 

g See Pennington's Memoirs of Mrs. Carter, 8vo. vol. i. p. 430. 
h How sincere he was in that conviction, may be learnt from all his 
works, especially that excellent one " On the conversion of St. Paul'' 
i Pennington's Memoirs of Mrs Carter, Svo. 



358 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Bewdley in Worcestershire, viz. in November, 174S, on the de- 
cease of William Bowles, Esq.j and at th6 next general election 
in 1754. 

In January, 1/55, he was appointed governor of South Caro- 
lina J which resigning in 176O, he was constituted governor of 
the island of Jamaica ; and returning to England in July, 1766, 
he was on the lOth of October following, appointed his Majesty's 
envoy extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the King of Portugal. 

On July 21st, l/jO, he was advanced to the dignity of a 
Baron of Ireland, by the title of Baron IFestcote, of Baltimore in 
the county of Longford. 

On August 13th, 1794, his Lordship was advanced to the 
British Peerage by the title of Lord Lyttelton, Baron of 
Frankley in the county of Worcester. 

His Lordship married, in June, 1761, Mary, daughter and 
coheiress of James Macartney, Esq. of Longford in Ireland, by 
whom (who died in 1765) he had 

Hester, born in Jamaica, March 17th, 17^2, married, August 
20th, 1783, to Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart, of Stourhead, Wilts, 
(and has issue Henry-Richard). 

And two sons. 

First, George-Fulke, born October 27th, 1763. 

Second, Charles-Adam, born December 28th, 1764, bred to 
tlie sea, and, being a lieutenant of the Robuste ship of war, was 
killed near the capes of Virginia, in an engagement, March l6th, 
1/81. 

His Lordship married, secondly, February 13th, 1774, Caro- 
line, daughter of John Bristow, Esq, late of Quiddeuham in Nor- 
folk, by whom he had issue, 

Caroline-Anne, born November 10th, 1774, manied. May 
4th, 1808, the Right Hon. Reginald Pole Carew, of Anthony in 
Cornwall. 

Edward-Henry, born December 4th, 1 7/5 j died June ISth, 
1773. 

William, born November 10th, 1/76; died October 27th, 

1777. 

John, born September 29th, 1779; died February 10th, 179O. 

Meriel, born November 7th, 178O; died March 13th, I78I. 

William-Henry, born April 3d, 1782. now M. P. for Worces- 
tershire. , 

His Lordship dying September 14th, 1S08, was succeeded by 
his eldest son 



LORD LYTTELTON. 359 

George-Fulke, fourth Lord Lyttelton. 

His Lordship was born October 27th, 1762. 

Titles. George- Fulke Lyttelton, Lord Lyttelton^ Baron of 
Frankley. 

Creations. Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley, August 13th, 
1794 ; and Baron Westcote in Ireland, July 21st, 17/6. 

Arms. Argent, a cheveron, between three escallops, sable. » 

Crest. On a wreath, a Moor's head in profile, couped proper, 
with a wreath about the head, argent and sable. N, B. This was 
truly the crest of Westcote ; that of Lyttleton, borne by Thomas 
de Luttelton, grandfather to the judge (temp. Hen. IV.) being a 
greyhound's head, collared. 

Supporters, Two tritons, or mermen, with tridents, all proper. 

Motto. Ung DiEii, UNG Roy. 

CAief Seats. Hagley-Hall, in Worcestershire (Frankley- 
House, the more ancient seat of the family, being burnt in the 
last civil war) . 



i In the Vis. of Salop, C. 20, Heralds Office, there is an achievement con- 
sisting of 84 coats, which this family had a right to quarter, anno 1624, vi?. 
France and England quarterly within a bordure gobone (tor Beaufort, Duke 
of Somerset) as maternally descended from John of Gaunt, son to King Ed- 
ward III. Also Somery, Beauchamp, Talbot, Berkeley, Paston, D'Abitot, 
Lisle, Clare, Holland, Nevil, Grey, and other noble families. 



560 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 



ELLIS, LORD MENDIP. 

(VISCOUNT CLJFDEN IN IRELAND.) 

The first person on whom this peerage was conferred was the 
maternal uncle of the present peer's father, viz. 

The late Right Hon. Welbore Ellis, who was created 
Baron of Mendip, in the county af Somerset, on August 13th, 
1 794, with a collateral remainder to the issue male of the body 
of his sister Anne, wife of Henry Agar, Esq. of Gowran, in Ire- 
land. 

This venerable peer was a younger son of the Rt. Rev. Dr. 
Welbore Ellis, Bishop of Meath in Ireland, from 1731 to 1733, 
by Diana, daughter of Sir John Briscoe, by Lady Anne Knollys, 
daughter of the Earl of Banbury. 

He was born in 17^4, and admitted on the foundation of 
Westminster school, at the age of fourteen, in I728 j whence ha 
was elected in 1732 to a studentship in Christ church, Oxford. 
Here he took the degrees of A. B. and A. M. 

Soon after quitting the University he came into parliament ; 
and in 1749, was appointed a Lord of the Admiralty under Mr. 
Pelham's administration. 

In 1755, he resigned his seat at the admiralty ; and became a 
vice-treasurer of Ireland, which he enjoyed till December, 1762. 
In 1763, he was appointed Secretary at War, on Mr. 
George Grenville's appointment to be first lord of the Treasury. 
He retained this office till the fall of Mr. Grenville's ministry in 
176', when he was re-instated a vice-treasurer of Ireland : but 
this he only retained till October in the following year. 



LORD MENDIP. 36l 

When Lord North became Premier, in 1770^ Mr. Ellis was 
again appointed a vice-treasurer of Ireland. 

He retained this place till 1777, when he was made Trea- 
surer OF THE Navy. 

In February, 1782, he accepted the office of Secretary op 
State for the colonies ; but the fall of the Administration quickly 
afterwards gave him but a short possession of this office j and he 
never afterwards filled any political situation. 

When Mr. Pitt came into power, in December 1783, Mr. 
Ellis followed the fortune of his friends; and at this period, after 
an active political life of forty-four years, he saw himself for the 
first time in opposition. 

He continued steadily to support the measures of this party, 
till the schism, which took place in 1793 on the subject of the 
French Revolution and the late war; when Mr. Ellis, whose prin- 
ciples and disposition equally led him to disapprove of the French 
rulers, joined with the Duke of Portland and Mr. Burke in giving 
countenance to the system of Administration. He was however 
now too far advanced in years to take an active part in the politics 
of the day; and on the introduction of the Duke of Portland into 
the cabinet, he was, with many others of his Grace's friends, 
created a Peer of the realm, by patent dated August 13th, 179I, 
by the title of Lord Mendip, as aforesaid. 

From this time his Lordship led a life of learned ease and dig- 
nified retirement, contenting himself with the society of his pri- 
vate fi lends, and reaping the fruits of a good education, and a 
well-spent life. He was of an active and diligent turn of mind; 
a con-ect and accurate, though not an eloquent, speaker in parlia- 
ment ; and, notwithstanding his connection with so many admi- 
nistrations, and his Long familiarity of office, of spotless integrity. 
It was his principle in general to support the measures of govern- 
ment; but his political opinions were ever consistent, and his 
political attachments were firm and unshaken. 

His Lordship was an excellent classical scholar; and on every 
subject a well-informed man ; and the library which he left be- 
hind is said to have been one of the most numerous and valuable 
private collections in the kingdom. ^ 

His Lordship married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Stanhope, K. B. who died August 1st, 1761, without issue. 
In right of her he enjoyed Pope's villa at Twickenham j which 
was bought by Sir William after Pope's death, l7-i4. 

» From his character in Gent. Mag. vol. Ixxii. p. 187— 18S-. 



3(J2 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

He married, secondly, a sister and heir of the late Right Hon, 
Hans Stanley ; in right of whom he enjoyed, after Mr. Stanley's 
death, the beautiful seat at Poulton's in the New Forest, Hants. 
This Lady survived him. 

His Lordship died at his house in Brook-street, Hanover- 
square, February 2d, 1802, aet. eighty-nine, without issue; on 
which the Barony of Mendip descended to his great nephew 
Henry Welbore Agar, Viscount Ciifden of Ireland. 

FAMILY OF AGAR. 

■ This family derives its descent from 

Charles Agar, of the city of York, Esq, who married Ellis 
of the family of Blanchevillestown, in the county of Kilkenny j 
and by her was father of 

James Agar, of Gowran in the county of Kilkenny, Esq. who 
acquired a considerable estate, served in parliament for the borough 
of St. Canice, Kilkenny, died November 30th, 1733, aged sixty- 
three, and was interred at Gowran, where a handsome monument 
is erected to his memory. On January 10th, 1692, he married 
Susanna, daughter of John Alexander, Esq. by whom he had 

James, and two other sons, who all died young. 

He married, secondly, Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Henry 
Wemys, ^ of Dane's fort. Knight, and had issue by her, who died 

b Sir Patrick Wemys, Knt. a native of Scotland, was a captain-lieute- 
nant to the Earl of Ormond in the army of King Charles I.; and November 
izd, 1 641, entered Drogheda with fifty horse for its defence. He married 
Mary, sister to Oliver Wheeler, of Grenan in the Queen's county, Esq. and 
dying in May i66t, was interred 31st of that month in St. Audven's church, 
Dublin, with his lady, who was interred there on the same day in the pre- 
ceding year, having had issue, first, Sir James ; second, Thomas, who left no 
issue ; third, Morris, who had a son Francis ; fourth, Sir Henry ; and, fifth, 
Jonas. Sir James Wemys, Knt. Feb. 5, 1661;, married Judith, daughter of Sir 
William U:>her, Knt. clerk of the council, and sister to Christopher Usher, 
Esq. by which Lady he had only two daughters, Elizabeth, and Judith. He 
made his will October ist, 1672, proved November i8th following, and 
thereby appointed his brother Henry, and his nephew Francis, son of his de- 
ceased brother Morris, executors ; bequeathed to his wife dame Judith 200/. 
a year, and after the payment of his debts, 50/. a year more, in augmentation 
of her jointure ; to his daughter Elizabeth 2000 i. ; and to his daughter Marf 
x^ool. He devised his estate to his brother Henry and his heirs male ; and 
his nephew Francis and his heirs male, by equal moieties to be divided be- 
tween them, and in case of failure of each of their issue male, the other and 
his issue male to inherit; remainder to his right heirs. Sir Henry Wemys 
of Dunfert, usually called Dane's- Fort in co. of Kilkenny, Knt, succeeded ac- 
cording to the will of his brother, married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir 



LORD MENDIP. 365 

April 18th, 177 1, aged one hundred and six, seven children, three 
of whom died young, and were buried at Gowran : the survivor* 
were, two sons and two daughters, viz. 

First, Henry, his heir. 

Second, James, of Ringwood in county of Kilkenny, member 
of parliament for the borough of Gowran, who, July 6th, 1741, 
married Rebecca, only daughter of William, Lord Castle-Durrow, 
whose son Henty was created Viscount Ashbrook, and lost his 
life in IJQQ in a duel with Henry Flood, Esq having had issue 
James, who died in July, 175/; Henry Flower, also deceased; 
George, heir to his father j and Charles, born May 28th, 1755, 
Archdeacon of Em!y ; daughter Mary, baptized July l6th, 1743, 
married, August 30th, 176O, to Philip Savage, Esq. and is de- 
ceased ; Ellis-Mayo also deceased ; George, who succeeded 

at Ringwood, was born April 18th, 1754, and represented the 
borough of Callan in the, county of Kilkenny in parliament 1789, 

George Blundell, Knt. ^from whom descended the Viscounts Blundell, a title 
now extinct) and had issue two sons and three daughters, viz first, Patrick, 
his heirj second, Cornet Henry, who died in October 1753, unmarried, 
daughter Mary, married to James Agar, of Gowran, Esq, as in text ; Sarah (to 
Rev. Hartstonge Martin, of Kilkenny, by whom she had Elizabeth, who in 
1748 married Christopher Robinson, Esq one of the justices of the court of 
King's Bench, and by him, who died in January 1787, had a son, Christo- 
pher, in holy orders) ; and Elizabeth, married in fJay 1706, to Arthtu- Webb, 
of Webbsborough in the county of Kilkenny, Esq who died September i8th, 
1748. Patrick. Wemys, Esq. served many years in parliament for the 
county of Kilkenny; May 14th, 1702, married a daughter of Sir William 
Handcock, Knt. recorder of Dublin, and died in 1747, having issue by heti 
who died in 1740, three sons and seven daughters, viz Henry, who served 
in parliament for the borough of Callan, and died suddenly in London, Oc- 
tober i2th, 1750, unmaiTied ; Patrick, (heir to his brother, was made a 
captain of foot in April 1740, served in parliament for the county of Kilkenny ; 
married, July ist, 1750, to Catherine, daughter of Francis, twenty-first Lord 
Athenry, and died in 1762 without issue by his Lady, who remarried with -— 
Cullen, Esq. a captain in the army;) James, who succeeded at Danes-Fort ; 
daughter Elizabeth, died in November 1744, unmarried; Mary, married to 
George Hartpole, of Shrulein Queen's County, Esq ; Jane, June 30th, 1748, 
to Benjamin Stratford, Esq. counsellor at Law ; Sarah, in 1744* to George 
Mansergh, Esq. then an ensign of foot, v/ho died in 1747, and she died in 
1748; Hannah, in 1748, to Isaac Drury, of Dublin, Esq.; Alice; and Harriot 
who, June 6th, 1752, married James Staunton, of Galway, Esq- counsellor at 
law. James Wemys, Esq third son of Patrick and at length his heir, was a 
lieuteiiant in the army, served in parliament for the borough of Callan in 1742, 
married Jane, daughter of Euseby Stratford, of Queen's county, Esq. elder 
brother to John, created Earl of Aldborough, and deceased in 1765, having 
issue by her one son and two daughters. (Prerog. OfEc Collections^ and 
(.odge Edit. i7$4, 111.307, n) 



364 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND , 

and was raised to the Irish peerage by the title of Lord Callan, 
June 6th, 1790. 

Daughter Ellis, created Countess of Brandon, 1758, and died 
without issue 1789 J and 

Mary, married in 17-^2 to James Smyth, Esq. younger son of 
Edward, lord bishop of Down ; elected to parliament for the town 
of Antrim j and after collector of the port of Dublin, by whom 
she had issue Sir Skcffington Smith, Bart. &c. 

Henry Agar, Esq. who succeeded at Gowran, served in par- 
liament in 1731 for the borough of Gowran j May 29th, 1733, 
married Anne, only daughter of Doctor JVelbore Ellis, Bishop of 
Meath, and died at Gowran November 18th, 1746, having issue 
by her, who was born August 26lh, 1707j re-married with George 
Dunbar, Esq. and died April 14th, 1761, a daughter Diana and 
two sons, viz. 

First, James, advanced to the peeragt. 

Second, Charles, who received a liberal education in the Uni- 
versity of Oxford, entered into holy orders, and was appointed 
chaplain to Hugh, late Duke of Northumberland, whilst L. L. of 
Ireland 3 whence he was promoted to the deanery of Kilmore ; 
consecrated Bishop of Cloy ne March 20th, 1778, and thence tran- 
slated in 1779 *o the Archiepiscopal see of Casket, and hence tran- 
slated to Dublin in 1801. He was also sworn of his Majesty's 
most honourable privy-council. His Grace was created Baron of 
Somerton June 12th, 179-5; Viscount 5o/ner/on December 21st, 
1800 5 and Earl of Norman ton in February, 1806, and died 
1810. He married a daughter of William Benson, Esq. and 
hath issue, first, Henry Welb ore, second Earl of Norm an to?i, 
born Nov 12th, 177S; second, George-Charles, born August 1st, 
178O, a lieutenant in the third foot-guards ; third, James, boin 
July 10th, 178], in holy orders; fourth, Henry-William, born 
July 5th, 1784, died an infant ; fifth, Frances-Anne, married, 
Dec. 14th, 179S, the late Thomas Ralph, Viscount Hawarden.. 

James, the j^r*^ Viscount Clifden, was elected to parliament 
in 1761 for Kilkenny, and for which county he continued to 
serve till 1776. 

He was appointed a commissioner of the revenue in 1770, 
which place he resigned, and by privy-seal at St. James's June 
19th, 1776, and patent*^ at Dublin July 27ih following, was ad- 
vanced to the peerage of Ireland, and by the title oi Baron of 

K 

c Rot. Ao. j6Geo III j.p.f. R. 24 



LORD MENDIP. 365 

Clifden in the county of Kilkenny ; he had his introduction to 
the house of peers October I4tl), 1777- '^ 

In 178O he was created Viscount ClifJen, with limitations to 
his issue male, for which honour the privy-seal bears date at St. 
James's December 18th that year, and the patent^ at Dublin Ja- 
nuary 12th, 178I : his Lordship sat by this title in the house of 
lords October gih, 178I, ^ was sworn of the privy-council, and 
July 19th, 1784, was appointed joint postmaster-general of L'e- 
land, with the Right Hon. William Brabazon Ponsonby. 

His Lordship married, M.irch 20, 176O, Lucia, eldest daughter 
of John Martin, Esq. and widow of the Hon. Henry-Boyle Wal- ' 
singham, second son of Henry Earl of Shannon, and had issue by 
her (who died July 26th, 1802), 

First, Henry-Welbore, the second Viscount. 
Second, John-Ellis, born December 31st, ) 763, in holy orders ; 
married, March llth, 1792, Harriet Flower, second daughter of 
William Viscount A-jhbrook, and died January 3d, 1797. 

Third, Charles-Bagnall, born August 13tb, 1765, barrister at 
law ; married, November 15th, 1804, Miss Hunt, of Lanydrick 
in Cornwall, and has issue a son born December 18th, 1805 , and 
another son born in January, 1808. 

Fourth, Emily- Anne, born December 5th, 1765. 
His Lordship dying January 1st, 1 789, set, fifty-five, was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest son, 

Henry-Welbore, second Viscount Clifden, and now second 
Lord Mendip, in which last Barony he succeeded his great uncie, 
Welbore Lord Mendip, on February 2d, 1802, on whose death 
he also assumed the name of Ellis. 

His Lordship was born January 22d, 1761 ; and married, 
March 10th, lygi, Lady Caroline Spencer, eldest daughter of 
George Duke of Marlborough ; and has issue 
A daughter born October 2()th, 1794; and 
A son, born July 14th, 1797. 

Titles. Henry Welbore Ellis, Lord Mendip, of Mendip in 
Somersetshire 3 Baron and Viscount Clifden of the county of Kil- 
kenny. 

Creations. Baron Mendip by patent August 13th, 17Q4 ; 
Baron of Clifden in the county of Kilkenny July 27th, 1776 ; and 
Viscount of the same January 12th, I78I. 

d Lords Jour. V. 6. e Rot. Ac 21 Geo. III. 2, p. f. R. 5. 

f Lords Jour. V 227. 



366 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Arms. Or, on a cross sable, five crescents. 
Crest. See the wood-cut. 

Supporters. Two Greyhounds; thedextei semcof crescenti; 
the sinister seme of crosslets crusely. 

Motto. NON HJEC SINE KUMINE. 

Chief Seat, Gowran, Ireland. 



LORD BRAt)FORD. 267 




BRIDGEMAN, LORD BRADFORD. 

This family are descended from John Bridgeman, of Deau 
Magna in Gloucestershire, Esq, who married Johanna, daughter 
of William Clarke, of Dean Magna, by whom he had issue, 

William Bridgeman, of Dean Magna, Esq. who, by Mary, 
daughter of Richard Bryan, of Dean Parva, had a numerous 
issue. 

Whereof Edward, a younger son, was seated in Devonshire. 

" John, his son, was born," says Prince, in his IVbrthies of 
Devon, " in the city of Exeter, not far from the palace gate 
there. His father was Edward Bridgeman, some time high- 
sheriff of that city and county for the year 15/8. 

" Having very good natural parts, and being observed to be 
well disposed towards books and learning, he was carefully kept 
at school, until he was thought fit to be transplanted thence to the 
university, which was done accordingly ; and he became a mem- 
ber of Magdalen-college in Cambridge ; after that, a fellow, and 
lastly, the master thereof. 

" Having commenced master of arts at Cambridge, he was a*d- 
mitted, adeundem, at Oxford, July 4th, 16OO. After this, he 
proceeded doctor of divinity, which is the highest degree a scholar 
can receive, or the university bestow. 

" Being now of noted learning, a pious life, and courteous de- 
portment, he was admitted by King James I. into the number 
of his domestic chaplains, and became rector of Wigan in Lanca- 
shire, in 1 61 5. 



368 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

" Afterwards he was, by the same King, preferred to the 
BiSHopRicK OF Chester, raised by King Henry VIII. out of the 
ruins of the abbies and monasteries here in England. He was 
consecrated at the same time at Lambeth, with Doctor Howson, 
Bishop of Oxford, and Doctor Searchfield, Bishop of Bristol, viz. 
on the gth of May, 1619. "Which see being of no great yearly 
value, he was made, anno l62\, rector of Bangor also, which he 
held in commendam. 

" For many ye<irs did this learned and pious divine continue 
the faithful and watchful bishop of this church. In that memo- 
rable year, l64l, when the unchristian rabble were encouraged, 
by no mean pretenders to Christianity, to bawl down protestant 
bishops, as they came in their barges to the parliament house at 
Westminster, this reverend prelate was then living ; however, 
whether detained at home by age, or hindered by some other oc- 
casion, he was not present in the house, to join in the protesta- 
tion made by his right reverend brethren, against the proceedings 
of that parliament. Hence he happily escaped that long and 
tedious imprisonment, unto which most of them, notwithstanding 
their great years, and their greater piety and learning, who sub- 
scribed it, were confined for eighteen weeks together. 

" Such was this prelate's merit, that there is this honourable 
character of him transmitted to posterity, that he was as ingenious 
as brave ; and a great patron of those gifts in others, he was the 
happy owner of in himself. He was thirty years Bishop of Chester ^ 
and every year maintained, more or less, hopeful young men in 
the university, and preferred good proficients out of it : by the 
same token, some, in those times, turned him out of his livings, 
whom he had raised into theirs. He was a good benefactor unto 
Chester, but a better, under God, to England, in his son, the late 
honourable Sir Orlando Bridgeman, some time lord chief justice 
of the Common Pleas ; after that, master of the rolls j then 
lord keeper of the great seal of England, under King Charles II. 
who was a sufferer in his Majesty's cause, and a great honour to 
it. His moderation and equity being such, in dispensing the 
King's laws, that he seemed to carry a chancery in his breast in 
the Common Pleas 3 endearing, as well as opening the law to the 
people. 

" This learned and holy prelate, Bishop Bridgeman, lived to 
enjoy the blessings of a good old age ; for after the continuance 
of about thirty years (as was said before) bishop of the church of 



LORD BRADFORD. 369 

Chester, he fell asleep in the Lord, at his palace at Chester afore- 
said, near the year 1649, He lieth interred in his own church 
there. 

" This holy prelate was famous in himself, but more famous 
in his son. Sir Orlando Bridgeman before-mentioned ; a gentle- 
man of great piety, as well as honour and integrity; and was the 
tirst Englishman King Charles 11. advanced to the degree of a 
Baronet after his happy restoration." 

During the time of the usurpation, the bishop fled to his son's 
seat at Moreton in Shropshire, his estate being sequestred some 
years before his death. Mr. Brown Willis, in his Survey -of Ca^ 
thedrals, gives this account of him : 

*' John Bridgeman, S, T. F. rector of Wigan and Bangor in 
the diocese of Chester, prebendary of Litchfield and Peterborouoh, 
became elected Bishop of Chester, March 15, 16IS." In Prince's 
Worthies of Devonshire, is some account of his life, (which is 
before related) he being born at Exeter : though that author, and 
other writers, are all mistaken as to his death, anno iG-iS or 10'49, 
and buried at Chester; whereas he did not die till 1(552, as A. 
Wood tells us ; or rather, as I have lately been informed, till l65y 
or 1658, when, departing this life at his son's house at Moreton, 
near Oswestre in Shropshire, he was buried at Kinnersley church, 
near Moreton aforesaid. 

The bishop married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Helyar, canon 
of ExFter, and archdeacon of Barnstable, (of the ancient family 
of the Helyars of Somersetshire) and had issue five sons. 

Fivst, Sir Orlando, hereafter mentioned. 

Second, Dove, a prebendary of the cathedral church of Chester, 

who married the daughter of Bennet, of Cheshire, (she 

surviving him, afterwards married Dr. John Hacket, bishop of 
Litchfield) and had issue only one son, Charles Bridgeman, 
archdeacon of Richmond in Yorkshire, who died unmarried, 
167s. 

Third, Henry Bridgeman, dean of Chester, being so made, 
1660 : he was also parson of Bangor in Flintshire, and of Barrow 
in Cheshire, and made Bishop of the Isle of Man, 1671. He 
married two wives, first, Catherine, daughter of Robert Lever, of 
Lancashire, Gent, by whom he had a daughter, Elizabeth, mar- 
ried to Thomas Greenhalgh, of Brundlesham in Lancashire, Esq.; 
his second wife I do not find : he died May, ]GS2. 

Fourth, Sir James Bridgeman, Knight^ who married Anne, 

VOL, VIII. 2 B 



370 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. ' 

daughter of Allen, of Cheshire, Gent, by whom he hatt 

James, who died unmarried ; Frances, wife of William, Lord 
Howardj of Escrickj Magdalen, wife of William Wynde, Esq.; 
and Anne, unmarried, 1082. 

Fifth, Richard Bridgeman, a merchant in Amsterdam in Hol- 
land, who married Catherine, daughter of Mr. Watson, an English 
merchant there, by whom he had issue a daughter, Elizabeth, 
married to John Dove, Esq. surveyor of the customs ; and one 
son, William Bridgeman, of Westminster, Esq. some time secre- 
tary of the admiralty, and one of the clerks of the privy-council, 
who married Diana, daughter of Mr. Vernatti, an Italian gentle- 
man, and had issue, Orlando Bridgeman, Esq ; and Catherine, 
wife of Orlando Bridgeman, Esq. fourth son of Sir John, here- 
after mentioned. 

Sir Orl.\ndo Bridgeman, Jirst Baronet, eldest son of the 
Bishop, was, for his great proficiency in ihe law, made attorney 
of the court of wards, temp. Car. I. also attorney to the Prince of 
Wales, (afterwards King Charles II.),- and being greatly confided in 
by the royal martyr, was one of the commissioners deputed by him 
to treat with those of the parliament at Uxbridge; and as long as 
the city of Chester held out for the King, he encouraged and sup- 
ported the loyalists with several sums of money ; and gave several 
sums to purchase tithes where churches were not, as he thought, 
sufficiently endowed; and large sums to other charitable uses, 
and redeeming poor captives from slavery. Upon the restoration 
of King Charles II. as a farther reward for his merit, he was made 
lord chief baron of the Exchequer; then lord chief justice of the 
Common Pleas ; and lastly. Lord Keeper of the Great Seal 
of England, and created a Baronet. 

Lord Clarendon speaks well of him during the civil wars. 
" The city of Chester," says he, " was firm to the King, by the 
virtue of the inhabitants, and interest of the bishop, and cathedral 
men ; but especially by the reputation and dexterity of Mr. O. 
Bridgeman, son to the bishop, and a lawyer of very good estima- 
tion ; who not only informed them of their duty, and encouraged 
them in it, but upon his credit and estate, both which were very 
good, supplied them with whatsoever was necessary for their de- 
fence; so that they were not put to be honest and expensive 
together." But this praise is qualifieJ by the following passage i 
" The King confessed he was surprised with the carriage of some 
persons in the treaty of Uxbridge, from whom he had expected 



LORD BRADFORD. 3;i 

another kind of behaviour, in matters of the church ; and named 
Sir Orlando Bridgeman, upon whom, he said, he had always 
looked, being the son of a bishop, as so tirm, that he could not be 
shaken ; and, therefore, he was the more amazed to hear what 
condescensions he had been willing to have made, in what con- 
cerned religion ; and pressed the chancellor to answer some 
questions he asked him about that transaction ; to the particulars 
whereof he excused himself from answering, by the protestation 
they had all taken before the treaty, with his Majesty's approba- 
tion : though, indeed, himself had been very much surprised with 
the first discovery of that temper, in that gentleman, which he 
had never before suspected : and ever after said, that ' he was a 
man of excellent parts, and honestly inclined, and would choose 
much rather to do well than ill 3 but if it were not safe for him to 
be steady in those resolutions, he was so much given to find out 
expedients to satisfy unreasonable men, that he would at last be 
drawn to yield to any thing, he should be powerfully pressed to 
do."'' In 16(57, "the seals were given to Sir Orlando Bridge- 
man, lord chief justice of the Common Pleas, then in great es- 
teem, which he did not maintain long after his advancement. 
His study and practice lay so entirely in the common law, that 
he never seemed to apprehend what equity was : nor had he a 
head made for business, or for such a court. He was a man of 
great integrity, and very serious impressions of religion on his 
mind. He had been always on the side of the church : yet he 
had great tenderness for the nonconformists." In 16/2, " lord 
keeper Bridgeman had lobt all credit at court : so they were seek- 
ing an occasion to be rid of him, who had, indeed, lost all the re- 
putation he had formerly acquired, by his being advanced to a 
post of which he was not capable. He refused to put the seal to 
the declaration for toleration, as judging it contrary to law. So 
he was dismissed, and the Earl of Shaftsbury was made lord 
chancellor." 

He married, first, Judith, daughter and heir of John Kynaston, 
of Morton in Shropshire, Esq. (she died at Oxford, in the usur- 
pation, and was buried iu the university church.) By her he left 
issue only one son. 

Sir John, his successor- 
He married to his second wife, Dorotiiy, daughter of Dr. 

3 Clarendon's Life. 



372 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sannders, provost of Oriel college in Oxford, (relict of George 
Cradjck, of Carswell castle in Staffordshire, Esq.) by whom he 
had issue, two sons and one daughter. 

Second, Sir Orlando Bridgeman, who being possessed of Ridley 
in Cheshire, by purchase from the Egertons of that place, (a 
knightly branch of the Egertons, of Egerton) was created a Ba- 
ronet 25 Car. II. which title is now extinct. 

Third, Sir Francis Bridgeman, knighted by King Charles II. 
November 15th, [6/3; who married Susanna, daughter and heir 
of Sir Richard Barker, of London, Knight, M. D. and died 
issueless. 

Fourth, Charlotte, married to Sir Thomas Myddleton, of 
Chirk castle in Denbighshire, Bart, by whom he left issue, only 
one daughter and heir, Charlotte, married to Edward, Earl of 
Warwick and Holland j and afterwards to the celebrated Joseph 
Addison. 

Sir Orlando died, June 25th, 16/4, aged sixty-six, at Tcd- 
dington in Middlesex, and there lies buried-. 

Sir John Bridgeman, second Baronet, the only son by the 
first venter, succeeded his father. He married Mary, daugiiter 
and coheir of George Cradock, of Carswell castle in Stafford-bhire, 
Esq. above-mentioned, by whom he had issue, five sons and seven 
daughters. 

First, Orlando, the eldest j and Thomas, the youngest, both 
died very young. 

Second, Sir John, his successor. 
Third, George, who died unmarried ; and. 
Fourth, Orlando, who married Catherine, daughter of Wil- 
liam Bridgeman, of Comb in Suffolk, Esq. and died without 
issue. 

The daughters were, first, Mary, married to Robert Lloyd, of 
Aston in Shropshire, Esq. ; second, Judith, married to Richard 
Corbet, of Morton-Corbet in Shropshire, Esq. ; third, Elizabeth^ 
married toSov^dly Eyton, of Eyton, on the Wildmores, in Shrop- 
shire, Esq. ; fourth, Dorothy, married to Lisle Hacket, of Mox,- 
hull in Warwickshire, Esq. ; fifth, Charlotte j sixth, Bridget j and 
seventh, Penelope. 

He died at Castle-Bromwich, August 24th, J 7 10, oet. eighty, 
- and was buried at Aston in Warwickshire. 

Sir John Bridgeman, third Baronet, his second, but eldest 
surviving son, married Ursula, daughter and sole heir of Roger 



I 



LORD BRADFORD. 373 

Matt'.iews, of Blodwell in Shropshire, Esq. by whom he had 
hii\e, five sons and two daughters. 

First, Sir Orlando, his successor. 

Second, John, who died in his infancy. 

Third, Roger; fourth, John; fifth, George, who died young. 

The daughters were Ursula, married to Hugh Williams, Esq. 
and Judith. 

Sir John died July 23d, 1747. 

Sir Orlando Bridgeman, fourth Earonet, his eldest son and 
heir, succeeded him, and married Anne, daughter of Richard 
Newport, Earl of Braaford. 

By this Lady, who died August ipth, 1752, he had issue. 

First, John, who died young. 

Second, Sir Henry, his successor. 

Third, George, who died at Lisbon in December, 1767> un- 
married. 

Fourth, Mary, who died in her infancy ; and, 

Fifth, Diana, married John Sawbridge, Esq. of Ollantigh in 
Kent, and died without issue, January 21>.t, 1764. 

He was chosen representative for the town of Shrewsbury, 
and dying July 25th, 1/64, was succeeded by his eldest surviving 
son. 

Sir Henry Bridgeman, fifth Baronet, first Lord Brad- 
ford, born September 7th, 1725, who having sat many years in 
the parliament for Wenlock in Shropshire, was advanced to the 
British peerage on August 13th, 1794, by the title of Lord 
Bradford, of Bradford in Shropshire. 

His Lordship married, July 12th, 1755, Elizabeth, daughter 
and heiress of John Simpson, Esq. and by her (who died March 
6tb, 1806) had issue. 

First, Henry-Simpson, born April 12th, 1757. who died 
July 26lh, 1752 ] noember of parliament for Wigan, com. Lan. 
17SO. 

Second, Orlando, born January 24th, 1759, who died an 
infant. 

Third, Orlando, ihe present Lord. 

Fourth, John, born May 13th, 1763, who, in 1785, took the 
name and arms of Simpson, by act of parliament ; married, first, 
June 3d, 17S4, Henrietta-Frances, only daughter of Sir Thomas 
Worseley, Bart, by whom (who died August 2d, 179I) he had 
issue, first, Henry, bora March 24th, 1785, who died June /th. 



374 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

1794 } second, Henrietta-Elizabeth Charlotte, who died an in- 
fant, in July, 17865 third, Henrietta-Anne-Maria-Charlotte, burn 
April 178B, niece and heir to the late Sir Richard Worsley, Bart, 
married, August 11th, I8O6, the Honourable Charles -Anderson 
Pelham, eldest son of Lord Yarborough. He maiTied, secondly, 
November 27th, 1793, Grace, daughter of Samuel Estwicke, 
Esq. He was elected member of parliament for Wenlock, 1/94^ 
1796, 1802, 1806, I8O7. 

Fifth, George, in holy orders, recto'r of Wigan in Lancashire, 
born August 11th, 1/65 j married, July 28th, 1/92, Lucy-Isa- 
bella Boyle, daughter of Edmund, seventh Earl of Corke and 
Orrery (who died September 5th, 1801), by whom he has issue, 
first, Elizabeth Isabella, born April J 7th, 179^; second, Anne- 
Charlotte, born June 3d, I794. 

Sixth, Charlotte, born January 28th, 1761 ; married. May 
15th, 1784, to Henry-Creswola Lewis, Esq. of Malvern-Hall, in 
Warwickshire, and died July 6th, 1802. 

Seventh, Anne, born November 29th, 1757, and died De- 
cember following. 

Eighth, Elizabeth-Diana, born June 5tb, 1764; married, Fe- 
bruary lOlh, 1794, to George-William Gunning, Esq. only son 
of Sir Robert Gunning, Bart. Knight of the Bath; has issue a 
daughter, born May 12th, 1799j ^nd a son, born September, 
ISOO. 

John and Orlando, both died infants. 

His Lordship died in 1800, and was succeeded by his son, the 
present and second Peer, 

Or:.ando Bridgeman, second Lord Bradford, and a 
Baronet: born March 19th, 1762. Married, May 29th, 1788, 
Lucy-Elizabeth Byng, daughter of George, Viscount Torrington, 
by whom he has issue, 

First, George-Augustus-Frederick-Henry, born October 23dj 
1789. 

Second, Charles-Orlando. 

Third, Lucy-Elizabeth ; and. 

Fourth, Orlando-Henry, died infants. 

Fifth, Henry-Edmund, born September, 1797' 

Sixth, a daughter, born September 14th, \799- 
His Lordship, while a commoner, sat in parliament for Wigan 
in Lancashire, 1784, 179O, 1796, 

Titles. Orlando Bridgeman, Lord Bradford; and a Baronet. 



LORD BRADFORD. 375 

Creations. Lord Bradford by patent, August 13th, l/Q-i; 
and Baronet 166O. 

Arms. Sable, ten plates, 4, 3, 2, 1, and on a chief, argent, a 
lion passant, ermines. 

Crest. On a wreath, a lion issuant, argent, holding a garland 
of laurels between his paws, or. 

Supporters. Two leopards reguardant. 

Motto. NeC TEMERE, NEC TIM IDE. 

Chief Seat, Weston-Park, Staffordshire. 



376 



PEEPxAGE OF ENGLAND. 




PEACHEY, LORD SELSEY. 



Edmund Peache'v, of Eartham in Sussex, said to be descended 
from the ancient family of Peche of Kingstborpe in Leicestershire, 
and Sheron-Hall in Derbyshire, was father of 

Edward Peachey, who died in 165/, having been twice mar- 
ried, and left by Anne Beechee, his second wife, two daughters, 
Anne and Sarah ; and three sons ; 

First, Edward, eldest son, died 1 6/8, leaving two sons, and 
two daughters. 

Second, William, ofwhompreseiitly. 

Third, John, was twice married, and died May 25th, iQQ'i, 
leaving an only daughter Elizabeth, married to Sir Richard Farv 
ingdon, Knt. 

William, second son, of New-Grove in the parish of Pet- 
worth in Sussex, had a confirmation of his armorial bearings 
granted by Sir Edward Bysshe in l663, as a branch of "the Peclies 
of Leicestershire, and died in October l685, having married Mary, 
daughter and coheir of Hall, Esq. of New-Grove in Pet- 
worth, by whom he had eight sons. 

First, Sir Henry, of whom presently . 

Second, Edward, died unmarried. 

Third, William, an officer in the foot-guards, was slain at the 
battle of Almanza in Spain. 

Fourth, Sir John, ofivhom hereafter. 

Fifth, Bulstrode, assumed the name of Knight, on his mar- 
riage, June 8th, 1/25, with Elizabeth, relict of William Wood- 
ward Knight, Esq. of West-Dean in Sussex, who left no issue. He 



LORD SELSEY. 577 

was thrice elected M. P. for Midiiurst in Sussex, and died in 
Dean-strfet, Soho, January 14th, 1/35-6. He was buried at 
Chawton in Hampshire, having left his estates to his brother 
John. 

Sixth, George Peachey, 

Seventh, Charles Peachey, died in Persia. 

Eighih, James Peachey, of Titleworth in Sussex, Esq. who 
having been formerly a governor in the service of the East India 
Company, was afterwards M. P. for I;eominster in Herefordshire, 
and dying February I5th, I77I, was buried at Petworth. 

Sir Henry Vtachey, Jirst Baronet, eldest son and heir, repre- 
sented the county of Sussex, in the parliament summoned lo meet 
July 17OS, and was elected member for Midiiurst, in the same 
county, on the death of his brother Bulstrodcj he married a 

.daughter of Garret, Esq. by whom he had a son, who died 

young; and a daughter, married to Gawen Harris Nash, of Pet- 
worth, Esq. (to whom she was first wife.) 

Sir Henry was advanced to the dignity of a Baronet, Q George 
II. with remainJer, in case of failure of issue male, to John 
Peachey, of the city of London, Esq. brother of the said Henry, 
and the heirs male of his body, lawfully begotten, and in default 
of such issue, to James Peachey, of Titleworth, in the county of 
Sussex, Esq. another brother of the said Sir Henry, and the heirs 
male of his body, lawfully begotten. 

Sir Henry dying August 23d, 1/37, without issue male, was 
succeeded, according to the remainder in his patent, by his next 
surviving brother, 

Sir John Peachey, second Baronet, who succeeded his brother. 
Sir Henry, as repreventative in parliament for Midhurst. He 

married a daughter of London, Esq. formerly principal 

gardener in ordinary to her Majesty Queen Anne, by whom he 
had two sons. 

First, Sir John, his successor. 

Second, Sir James, successor to his brother,j^/\y/ peer. 

Also three daughters : Mary, married Michael Sure.s^ ol 
Tring-grove, in Hertfordshire, Esq. (who left her a widow, with 
one son and two daughters, October 31st, 1740) and Henrietta 
and Rebecca, 

Sir John died, April 12th, 17-^4j and was succeeded by 

Sir John Peachey, third Baronet, his eldest son, who was 
chosen to represent the borough of Midhurst, on the death of his 
father. He married in August 1/52, the only daughter ol John 



378 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Meeres Fagg, ^ of Glenley in Sussex^ Esq. and died at West- 
Dean in Sussex, June 30tli, 17<55, without issue, leaving his wife 
surviving, who resided principally at Tunbridge-Wells ; and died 
within these few years. '^ He was succeeded in title by his 
brother. 

Sir James Y'enchey, fourth Baronet, and first Lord Selsey. 

He was groom of the bed-chamber to his present Majesty, 
when Prince of Wales, and was member in several parliaments 
for Seaford in Sussex, 

In 1792, he succeeded the Earl of Cardigan as master of the 
robes to the King j and on August 13th, IJQi, was elevated to 
ihe Peerage, by the title of Lord Selsey, of Selsey in Sussex. 

His Lordship married, August IQth, 1747, Lady Georgina 
Caroline Scott, daughter of Henry first Earl of Deloraine, by his 
second wife Mary, only daughter of Captain Charles Howard, 
and aunt of John, now Earl of Suffolk, and by her h.;d issue. 

First, John, present peer. 

Second, Georgiana, married, April 1st, J77I> to the present 
Earl of Warwick and Brooke, and died April 1st, 177^- 

His Lordship dying February 1st, 1808, was succeeded by his 
only son, 

John Peachey, second Baron Selsey, of Selsey, in Sussex, 
and a Baronet. Who was born March l6th, 1749; and inarried, 
January 19th, 1784, Hester-Elizabeth, daughter of George Jen- 
nings, Esq. of Newsells, in Herts, (by Lady Mary, aunt of the 
late Marquis of Clanricarde), by whom he has three sons and two 
daughters, viz. 

First, James, born September 3d, 1785, late an ensign in the 
first regiment of foot-guards. 

Second, Henrj^-John, a lieutenant in the royal navy, born 
September 4th, 1787- 

Third, John- William, born December 10th, 1788. 

Fourth, Caroline-Mary, born May 24th, 1790. 

Fifth, Charlotte-Hester, born October 19th, 1792, and died 
March 3d, 1793. 

His Lordship, while a commoner, represented St. Germains 
in parliament, 177^3 3"d Shoreham, 1784, 1790. 

a Son of Thomas Fagg, of Glenley in Westdean aforesaid, who was third 
son of Sir John Fagg, first Baronet. 

b She left her own property principally to her relation the Rev. Sir John 
Fagg, Raft, rector of Chartham in Kent- 



LORD SELSEY. 379 

Title. John Peachey, Lord Selsey, cf Selsey in Sussex ; and a 
Baronet. 

Creations. Lord Selsey by patent, August 13th, lyQA; and 
Baronet 9 Geo. If. 

Arms. AzAire, a Hon, rampant, double queued, ermine ; on 
a canton, or, a mullet, pierced, Gules. 

Crest. On a wreath, a demi-lion, as in the arms, holding in 
bis dexter paw a sword, erect, argent, pomeled and hilled, or. 

Supporters. See the wood-cut. 

Motto. Ne aursauAM serviat enses. 

Chief Seat. At Grove-house, near Petworth in Sussex. 



3S0 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




DUNDAS, LOUD DUI\Dx\S. 

For the earlier part of his Lordship's pedigree, the reader is re- 
ferred to the article of Viscount Melville, in vol. vi. oi this 
work. 

James Dnndas, the eldest son, of James Dunda?, by Christian 
Stewart, was returned heir to his father, in sundry lands, in 1^31, 
and 1437. He was witness to King James the Second's charter 
of confirmation, in favour of the priory of the Charter-house, 
called Domiis Virtutis, at Perth, anno 1439. in ^t>at King's mi- 
nority, he was one of the privy-council, with the governor, Sir 
Alexander Livingston, his father-in-l.nv. He granted a charter 
of confirmation to the Carmelite Friars, at Queen's-ferry, of 
sundry acres, in which he obliged them to pray for himself, 
Euphan, his wife, and their children, &c. dated 1-440. 

William, Earl of Doughis, having prevailed at court. Sir Alex- 
ander Livingstone, the Kings governor, his family, with his sons- 
in-law, James Dundas, and Robert Bruce, were prosecuted, con- 
demned, and imprisoned, and the lands of Dundas * were, by par- 
liament, 1449, given to William, Earl of Douglas, their prose- 
cutor, by a charter, February 10th, 1449. This Earl Douglas 
being cut otf by the King's own hand, at Stirling, February 13th, 



a Nisbet says, tliat these lands of Dundas, not being restored to Sir James 
the heir, but afterwards granted to Archibald Douglas of Listen, Archibald 
assumed the designation oi Dundas of that Ilk ever afterwards ; and Sir James 
being dispossessed of them, he and his descendants laid aside that des'gna- 
tion, and used only that of Fingask, 



LORD DUNDAS. 3&1 

14.52, the King granted a pardon, dated August 27th, 1452, 
Alexundro Livingstojie, de Cal/cnder, Militi, ilf quondam Jacubo 
de Dundas de eodem, ex nostris benevulcntia, favore et gratia spe- 
cia/e ; and which was, soon after, continued in the amplest 
manner, in parliament. 

James Dundas dying (during his confinement in Dunbarton 
castle) in 1451, the Barony of Fingask, the freehold estate of 
this family, remained in the King's hands from the forfeiture ia 
14-J9, until the heir of James succeeded, after his pardon, in 
1452. 

James Dv>ndas married Enphan, daughter of Sir Alexander 
Livingston, of Callender, by whom he had. 

First, Elizabeth, married to Sir David Gutherie, lord treasurer 
to King James IIL 

Second, Margaret, married to Alexander Cockburn,of Langton. 

Also one son, Alexander ^ Dundas, of Fingask. 

By indenture, dated June 21st, 1455, Lawrence, Lord Oli- 
phant, of Aberdag)^ with Alexander Dundas, of Fingask, be- 
came bound in security to William, Earl of Errol, to keep him 
unhurt and skaithed, in the payment of 200/. to William of 
Murray, of Tillibardine, for the marriage right of Blair, of Bal- 
l by wick. 

Li a solemn submission, dated July 24th, 146(5, between the 
abbots of Scone and Cupar, the arbiters are, Dominus Henricus 
Douglas, de Lochleven ; Joannes de Moncrief de eodem ; Alexander 
de Dundas, Baro de Fingask, Isc. their seals are appended, one of 
which is a lion rampant, and around the legend is, Sigillum Alex- 
andri de Dundas, Baro de Fingask. 

Alexander de Dundas, Baron of Fingask, was, with four of his 
sons, killed at the fatal battle of Flodden, anno 1513, having mar- 
ried Isabel, daughter to Lawrence, Lord Oliphant, by whom he 
left issue, Alexander, his heir, and Adam de Dundas, of Oxmure ; 
and several other sons, some of whom were slain with him at 

Flodden : also one daughter, Margaret, married to Law, 

of Lawbridge in Galloway. 

Alexander, his son, succeeded to the barony of Fingask, and 
procured a charter of confirmation from King James V, of the 
lands of Coates, in the lordship of Elcho. 



•> Nisbet mentions also another son, Duncan Dundas, lion king at arms, 
and several timci ambassador to England. 



382 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

By Elizabeth Br-xe, his wife, daughter of Sir David Bruce, of 
Clackmannan, and sister to the ancestors of the Earl of Elgin, 
he had issue three sons and two daughters. 

First, Archibald, his heir. 

Second, Robert ; and. 

Third, Thomas, of Findhorn. 

Margaret, his eldest daughter, married William Kerr, of 
Ancram ; their son was created Earl of Ancram, and his son Mar- 
quis of Lothian. She married, after her husband's death, Sir 
George Douglas, of Mordington, by whom she had Sir George 
Douglas, who died while ambassador at Denmark; and one. 
dano^hter, Martha, who was married to Sir James Lnckliart, of 
liCe, by whom there were three sons, and one daughter ; Sir "Wil- 
liam Lock hart, of Lee, ambassador to France, l6'50; Sir George 
Lockhart, of Carnwath, and Sir John Lockhart, of Castle-hill; 
and Anne, married to George Lockhart, of Torbreicks, whose 
heir was mother to William, Earl of Aberdeen. 

Nicholas Dundas, secood daughter of Alexander, married 
Alexander Colville, lord commendator of Culross, ancestor to the 
present Lord Colville, of Culross ; their eldest daughter, Grizel, 
married to Sir John Preston, of V^alley-field ; their second daugh- 
ter, Jean, married Eobert Bruce, of Blair-hall. 

Alexander Dundas was killed at the battle of Pinky, Sep- 
tember J 0th, 15-17, 3"^^ ^'^^s succeeded by his son 

Archibald, at Perth, January lOih, 1548; William, Lord 
Ruthven, being then sheriff. 

This Archibald was in high esteem with King James the 
sixth, as a person of singular worth and merit. His Majesty, 
in a letter to Alexander Blair, of Blathiock, concerning the aflairs 
in Perthshire, recommended him to consult and advise with this 
Archibald Dundas, of Fingask, as a person in whom he entirely 
confided; dated September 23d, lo/t). 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Colville, of Cliesh, 
ancestor to Lord Colville, of Ochiltree; by her he had three 
sons ; 

First, William, who, anno 1582, married Margaret, eldest 
daughter and heir of Sir David Carnegi, of Clouthie, and Eliza- 
beth Ramsay : by the contract of marriage, the baronies of Fin- 
gask, Cluthie and Leuchars, are provided to the heirs male, con- 
form to the old infeftracuts; but there being no issue^ he was 
succeeded bv, 



LORD DUX DAS. 383 

Second, Archibald Dundas, his brother, in the estate of Fin- 
gask, who was returned heir to his father, Archibald, at Perth, 
February Sth, 1606, William, Master of 'i'ullibardine, being then 
sheriff". He got a charter of confirmation of the barony of Fin- 
gask, on his own resignation, in favour of his heirs male, dated 
]60g, from King James the Vlth. 

He married Jean, daughter to Sir David Carnegie, father to 
the Earls of Southesk and Northesk, by his second wife, Euphan, 
daughter to Sir David Wemyss, by whom he had his son and 
heir. 

Sir John Dundas, and a daughter, Nicholas, married toFairlie, 
of Braid, an ancient family in JNIid Lothian. 

He married, secondly, Giles, daughter to Lawrence Mercer, 
of Aldie, by whom he had, 

Second, I,awrence Dundas, professor of Humanity, In the uni- 
versity of Edinb;ir?h. 

This Archibald died 1624. 

Sir John Dundas succeeded his father in the barony of Fin- 
gask, anno l0'24. He had the honour of knighthood conferred 
upon him by King Charles I. at Dunfermline, anno 1633. His 
loyalty to his sovereign, and his near relation by his mother to the 
great Marquis of Montrose, induced him to expose his life and 
fortune in the civil wars, having raised and maintained a troop of 
horse at his own expense, for his Majesty's service, by which he 
ruined his estate, which had 30 long been transmitted to him by a 
series of worthy ancfistors. 

He first married Anne, daugbter of Sir William Moncrief, of 
that ilk, by whom he had no issue. 

Secondly, jNIargaret, daughter of George Dundas, ofDunda«, 
by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, of Inner- 
wick, by whom he had his only son, 

John Dundas, who succeeded, anno 167O, and married Mag- 
dalen, daughter to Thomas, son of Allardice of that ilk, by Jean, 
daughter of Sir Alexander Burnet, of Leys, by whom he had his 
only son, 

Thomas Dundas, who succeeded, anno 1/24. He lived long 
respected and esteemed by his fellow citizens in Edinburgh 5 and 
having purchased a considerable estate in Stirlingshire, he got a 
charter under the great seal, erecting his lands into the barony of 
Fingask, anno 1/30, and is returned in the Chancery grandson 
and heir to Sir John Dundas, of Fingask. 



381 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

He died, nnno 1/62, having married Bethea, daughter to 
John Baillie, of Castlecarr}' in Stirlingshire, by whom he left two 
sons ; Thomas ; and Sir Laurence. 

First, Thomas, the eldest son, member of parliament for Ork- 
ney and Zetland, married, first, Anne, daughter of the Honour- 
able James Graham, of Airth, judge of the high court of admiralty 
for Scotland, and by her had no issue. He married, secondly, in 
1744, Lady Janet Maitland, daughter of Charles, sixth Earl of 
Lauderdale, by Elizabeth, daughter of James, Earl ofFindlater, 
chancellor of Scotland, by whom he had issue (which carries on 
the family of Finga>k), first, Thomas ; and, second, Charles, and 
four daughters ; viz. Thomas, was a general in the army, and mar- 
ried Eleanor-Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander, eighth Earl of 
Home, and, dying at Guadaloupe, June 3d, \79^) ^^^t issue, one 
son, Thomas, and six daughters, viz. Clementina ; Janet; Elea- 
nor; Primrose; Charlotte; Anne Wheatley ; and Elizabeth Grey. 
Charles, second son, member of parliament for the county of 
Berks, married Miss Anne Wheatley, and has issue, Janet. Mar- 
garet-Bruce, married A. Gibson, Esq.; Berthia, married George 
Haldane, Esq.; Janet, married R. Deans, Esq.j and Mary, mar- 
ried James Bruce, of Kinnaird, Esq. 

Second, Sir Lawrence Dundas, of Kerse,^/\?^ Baronet, was 
member of parliament for the city of Edinburgh, l/dS. In 1/50', '^ 
he attended his Uoyal Highness the Duke of Cumberland from 
London, and had the charge of supplying all the troops in Scotland, 
during the Duke's command. In I747, he was elected member 
of parliament for the towns of Linlithgow, &c. 

In 1748, his Royal Highness ordered him to attend in Flanders, 
and appointed him Comviissary General to the army under his 
command. 

In \7^9> J^c engaged in several large and extensive contracts, 
with the lords of his Majesty's treasury, for the service of the 
army in Germany, under the command of Prince Ferdinand, 
where he so prudently ordered the multiplicity of affairs under his 
direction, that he acquired tlie regard and esteem of the army, and 
a large fortune to his family. 

After the war, his Majesty, in consideration of the many ser- 
vices he had been emploved in for twenty years, was pleased, in 

c He was in the woollen trade at Edinburgh, 1738-9. See Ger.t. Ma^- 
1805, p. 608. 



LORD DUNDAS. 385 

November, 1762, to create him a Baronet of Great Britain, with 
remainder to his brother Thomas. 

He married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Bruce, of Ken- 
net, by Mary Balfour, daughter to Robert Lord Burleigh, by 
whom he had 

Thomas Dundas, his son and heir; and dying September 21, 
178I, was succeeded by his only son. 

Sir Thomas, second Baronet, now Lord Dundas, who was 
elevated to the British Peerage, by the title of Lord Dundas, 
of Aske in Yorkshire, August 13th, 1794. 

He is also lord lieutenant and vice-admiral of Orkney and 
Shetland. 

His Lordship married. May 24th, 176-J, Lady Charlotte 
Wentworth, sister of William, Earl Fitzvvilliam, and has issue, 
viz. 

First, Lawrence, married to Miss Hale, daughter of General 
Hale, and has issue, Thomas and Charlotte, antl a daughter, born 
July 2d, 1803. He was elected member of parliament for Rich- 
mond, 1790, 1796; and for York, 1802, 180(). 

Second, Charles-Lawrence, late member of parliament for 
Richmond, 1802, I8O6, I8O7, died in February, 1810, having 
married Lady Caroline Beauclerk, sister to Aubrey, Duke of St. 
Albans, and had issue, of whom William, his youngest son, died 
June 24th, 1805. 

Third, William, born in 17/7, late in the army, died in 1796. 

Fourth, George-Heneage-Lawrence, a captain in the royal 
navy. Member of parliament for Richmond, 1802. 

Fifth, Thomas-Lawrence, in holy orders, rector of Harpole in 
Northamptonshire. 

Sixth, Robert Lawrence, a major in the army, member of 
parliament for Malton. 

Seventh, Margaret, married to Archibald Spears, Esq. and 
has issue. 

Eighth, Charlotte, married, July 8th, I8O6, Charles- William, 
Viscount Milton, only son of William, Earl Fitzwilliam. 

Ninth, Frances-Laura, married, January 24th, 1805, Robert 
Chaloner, Esq. of Gisborough in Yorkshire. 

Tenth, Mary, married, April 9th, 1808, the Rev. William 
Wharton. 

Eleventh, Isabella. 

While a commoner, his Lordship represented in parliament 
the county of Sterling, 1768, 1774,1780, 1784, 179O. 

VOL, VIII. a c 



386 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Title. Thomas Dundas^ Lord Dnndas, and a Baronet. 

Creation. Lord Dundas by patent, August 13th, 1794} and 
Baronet, November, 1762. 

Arms. Argent, a lion rampant, gules. 

Crest. A lion's head, full faced, looking over an oak bush, 
crowned with an antique ducal crown. 

Supporters. Two lions crowned j each charged with a shield 
on the shoulder, of which the dexter contains the arms of Bruce, 
and the sinister the arms of 

Motto. ESSAYEZ. 

Chief Seats, Aske-hall, in Yorkshire ; Kerse, in Sterlingshire ; 
Clackmannan, and the Orkneys. 



LORD YARBOROUGH. 



38f 




PELHAM, LORD YARBOROUGH. 

OirWilliam Velham, thirdsonofSh- William Pelham, of Laugk^ 
ton in Sussex, ancestor to the Earl of Chichester, (for whom 
see vol V.) by Mary, his second zuife, daughter to IVilUam, Lord 
Sands oythc line, was one of the most huiious men of his time, 
being from his youth in the service of his country j and having, by 
his courage and conduct, gained the reputation of an experienced 
martial officer, had the command of the pioneers in the army 
under the Duke of Norfolk, sent to the assistance of the Scots, 
against the French, in March I5t)0, the second year of Queen 
Elizabeth. Also on the forces approaching Leith, he was one of 
those appointed (o confer with the Qupen-regent at Edinburgh,'' 
and when the town of Leith was invested, having the chief direc- 
tion of the siege, caused a square fort to be built, called Mount- 
Pelham, with a buKvark at every corner, and twelve battering 
pieces planted at places convenient, to batter the south side of 
the town. This siege continued until a peace was concluded, 
and all the French, except sixteen left in Inch-Keith, were obliged 
to leave the kingdom. In September, 1563, embarking with 
Ambrose Dudley, Earl of Warwick, general of the army, sent to 
the assistance of the protestants in France, he was at the taking 
of Caen, ^ in Normandy, and in the year 1563,"-" was wounded in 
the defence of Newhaven, which endured a long siege, and held 
out till Queen Elizabeth expressed, with tears, the commisera- 
tion of the sad state they were reduced to, and by proclamation 
(wherein she commended the valour of her commanders and 



a Stow's Annals, cdif. 1614, p. 641. 
b Ibid. p. 65J. "■ IbUI. p- 654. 



388 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

soldiers) declared, she would no longer expose her bravest men to 
the fury of two enemies, the plague and the sword. And there- 
upon '^ her Majesty gave orders to the Earl of Warwick to capi- 
tulate on honourable terms, who immediately sent Mr. Pelham to 
the Mareschal Montmorency, constable of France, to agree upon 
articles of surrender; and when they were signed, he was one of 
the four hostages for the performance of them. 

After this he was sent into Ireland, and, for his services against 
the rebels, was knighted, 1579, by the lc;rd deputy. Sir William 
Drury ; ^ who deceasing September 30th, the same year. Sir Wil- 
liam Pelham was by the council, on October 11th following, 
chosen Justicier of Ireland, with the authority *' of lord deputy, 
until a lord deputy was created ; and thereupon he knighted, the 
same day, § the lord chancellor Gerrard, and young Edward Fitton, 
son of Sir Edward Fitton, president of Connaught, who had per- 
formed great services against the rebels. 

During the time of his government, he shewed an earnest ap- 
plication to business, and the affairs of the kingdom. He con- 
strained the Baron'' of Lixnaw to yield; besieged Carrigfoir in 
Kerry, (kept by Julio an Italian, with some Spaniards and Irish) 
which he took by storm, putting the Spaniards ' to the sword, and 
with them, Julio himself, and hanging the Irish. But the Earl 
of Desmond, chief of the family of Fitzgerald, and who had been 
long in rebellion, gave him most trouble ; for being assisted by 
many of the chief papists, he wrote to the lord justice, " That he, 
and his brethren, were entered into a league for the defence of 
the Catholic faith, under the protection of the Pope, and the King 
of Spain, and advised him to join with them." The lord justice 
smiled at his presumption, and by his vigilance, conduct, and 
courage, dispossessed that lord of all his castles ; forcing him, and 
his followers, to lurk in places of secrecy. He continued lord 
justice of Ireland, until September 14th, J5S0, when ^ he surren- 
dered the sword to Arthur, Lord Gi'ey, of Wilton, Knight of the 
Garter, and then embarked for England. 

Our historians give this character of him, " That in council 
he was wary and circumspect, was a strict observer of justice, and 



(1 Camden's Annals of Oucen Elizabeth in Hist. Eng. vol. ii. p. 392. 
e Cox's Hist, of Ireland, p. 358. f Camden, ibid, p 466. 

s Cox, p. 359. 

h Borlace's Account of the Reduction of Ireland, p. 134. 

» Camden, p. 360. k Cox, p. 366. 



LORD YARBOROUGH. 389 

by wholesome severities, kept those in awe that had not the will 
to be quiet, ' sitting in person in the courts of justice, to see the 
laws duly executed ; and he reconciled many differences, between 
some of the most potent families of the kingdom of Ireland, who 
had long contended one with another." 

The Queen was so well satisfied with his services in Ireland, 
that she constituted him master of the ordnance/" and swore him 
of her privy-council : and in the year 1585, wlien the States De- 
puties had earnestly besought her Majesty to accept of the govern- 
ment of the United Provinces, and receive the people thereof, who 
were most unjustly oppressed, into her protection and perpetual 
vassalage, and her Majesty thereupon had appointed Robert Dud- 
ley, Earl of Leicester, general of her forces, Sir "William Pelham 
was likewise" constituted Field-Marshal. 

In 1586, having the command of the English iiorse, he ° ranged 
all over Brabant, taking in several ])laces, and performed many 
gallant acts, which are particularly related in Stow's Annals, from 
page 733, to 741. At the siege of Dowsborough he narrowly 
escaped with life, from the rebounding of a bullet, which hit him 
on the belly, pierced his buff' jerkin and doublet, and wounded 
him. It was likewise owing to his particular conduct and courage, 
that Daventry was secured. 

At length, after many signal services, he died at Flushing, on 
November 24th, 15S7, '' leaving 

William, his son and heir, twenty years of age, on April 1st, 
preceding his death. 

I find this character of him among the worthies of that age : i 
" Sir William Pelham had a strong memory, whereof he built his 
experience, there being no town, fort, or passage, either in Ire- 
land or Holland, but he retained by that strong faculty, which 
was much his nature, more his art Three things were observed in 
his converse, that his friends were either valiant, ingenious, or 
wise, being soldiers, scholars and statesmen ; and four things he 
was very intent upon, during his government in Ireland ; the 
priests, the pulpit, and the press ; secondly, the nobility ; thirdly, 
the ports; fourthly, the foreigners ; which he pursued with such 
activity, that, during his government, the kingdom was in a better 
condition than it had been for sixty years before." 

I Ibid. p. 3C0, & seq. m Jekyl's Liber Baronett. MS. 

n Stow, p 711 o Camden, p 511. 

P Cole's Esc, lib iii. p. iji- 1 State Worthies, p. 599, 600. 



390 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND 

His last testament bears ^ date June 27th, 1586, being, as he 
mentions, commanded by the Queen to serve in the Low-coun- 
tries. He wills his body to be buried in such place as shall seem 
good to his executors. He settles his lands in trust (according 
to letters patents, dated June 5th, the same year) on Roger 
Manners, Henry Bromley, Robert Dormer, and Thomas Pelham, 
Esquires : viz. " The scite of the priory of Newsted, with the rights 
and members thereof, in common line 5 his manor of Cadney and 
Howscham, called Belloews-manor in the said county 5 his manor 
called St. John's manor ; as also his manor called Grace-Dieu 
manor, in Groat-Lymber, or Little-Lymber, in the said county; 
his manors of Awdley, Bkokelsbye, the parsonage of Killing- 
holme, two parts of the scite of the late monastery of Newsham, 
and two parts of the demesne lands there, with divers lands and 
rents in Halton, Killingholme, Ultebie, Hotofte, Kekbie, Net- 
tleton, Habroughe, Rothewell, Croxton, Acrehouse, and Bro- 
kelsbye, in the said county of Lincoln. He bequeaths to dame 
Dorothy Pelham, his wife, all his goods and chattels whatsoever, 
remaining in his mansion at Eythrop, or elsewhere in com. 
Bucks, as also her jointure according to covenants, bearing date 
the 10th day of September, in l.b Eliz. amounting to the yearly 
value of SCO marks, without lett of William Pelham, his son and 
heir; to whom he bequeaths all his goods, chattels, household 
stuff, plate and jewels, remaining at his house at Newsted. He 
bequeaths to his daughter, Anne Pelham, 2000/. to his son. Pere- 
grine Pelham, and his heirs, two parts of his manor of Wickham, 
with the rights, &c. thereto belonging ; and two parts of his lands 
lying in Acrehouse, Nettleton, Rothewell, Normanbie, Claxbie_, 
Kelebie, and Croxton in the county of Lincoln. The residue of 
bis goods, plate, jewels, and debts, he bequeaths to his son, Wil- 
liam Pelham, that he may be the better able to discharge the 
legacy lo his said daughter Anne. He appoints executors, [his 
well beloved wife, dame Dorothy Pelham, and his said son, Wil- 
liam Pelham, and desires his very good Lords, Sir Thomas Brom- 
ley, Knt. Lord Chancellor of England, and Sir William Cecil, 
Knt. Lord Burghley, Lord Treasurer of England^ to be super- 
visors, hoping, by their good Lordships aid arid furtherance, the 
same will be the better accomplished and performed ; and in 
token of his good will, bequeaths one bason and ewer to each of 

r Ex Regist. vocat. Rutland, Not. 72, qu. iz. in Cur. praerog. Cant. 



LORD YARBOROUGH. Spl 

them, of tlie value of 25 1, apiece, to be delivered, by his executors, 
within one year after his decease." 

This Dame Dorothy, his second wife, was daughter of An- 
thony Catesby, of Whiston in com. Northamp. ' and widow of 
Sir Robert Dormer, of Ascot, in the county of Bucks, Knt. ; but 
by his first wife Eleanor, daughter to Henry Nevile, Earl of West- 
moreland, he bad 

Sir William, hk son and ^e/r before mentioned in his testa- 
ment, who was knighted, and married Anne, eldest daughter to 
Charles, Lord Willoughby of Parham. 

Sir William Pelham had issue by Anne Willoughby seven 
sons, and a daughter, viz. 

First, Sir William, of whom presently. 

Second, Charles Pelham, of Manton, who died January 24th, 
1671, and was buried at Manton, leaving no issue by his wife 
Mary, daughter of Sir Edward Tyrwhit, of Stainfield, Bart. She 
died February 23d, l6b7, and was buried at Manton. 

Third, Henry Pelham, living l6l2 and 1G47. 

Fourth, Herbert, 

Fifth, Edmund, living l642. 

Sixth, Roger, living l642 and 1647. 

Seventh, Willoughby Pelham. 

Sir William Pelham, of Brocklesdy com. Lincoln, eldest son, 
died August 1st, 1044. His will was dated July 23d, J 642, and 
proved February idth, 1O47-8. He married Frances daughter of 
Edward Conway, Viscount Conway, who died before lG42; and 
by whom he bad five sons, and seven daughters : viz. 

First, William Pelham, died young. 

Second, Edward Pelham, of Brockiesby, Esq. set. twenty- 
four, ]647> who died s. p, having married Diana, daughter of 
Mildmay Fane, Earl of Westmoreland, which Lady was aet. six- 
teen, in 1647. 

Third, William Pelham, killed at Newark in the civil wars. 

Fourth, Charles, oj" whom presently, 
- Fifth, George, set. twelve, l642, died unmarried. 

Sixth, Anne, married Sir George Wynne, of Nostell com. 
York, Bart. 

Seventh, Frances, wife of Sir Matthew Appleyard^ of Berst- 
wick-Garth, corn York. 

Eighth^ Dorothy. 

s Ex Stemmate. 



392 PEERA.GE OF ENGLAND. 

Ninth, Eleanor, wife of Alured, Esq. 

Tenth, Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Wynne, of Nostell, 
Bart. 

Eleventh, Catherine, married, first, Heslop, of North- 
umberland j and secondly, John Stanhope, of Griraston, com. 
York, Esq. 

Twelfth, Margaret Pelham. 

Charles Pelham, of Brocklesby, Y.sq. fourth son, was buried 
at Brocklesby February 17th, 169I, having had three wives, viz. 
first, Anne, daughter of Sir Edward Hussey, of Dodington, com. 
Lincoln, Bart, by whom he had a son William, and two daughters, 
Anne and Elizabeth, who all died unmarried. 

He married, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Pelham, of Halland, com. Sussex, who died s. p. 

He married, thirdly, Elizabeth, daughter of Michael Wharton, 
of Beverley, com, York, Esq. and sister and coheir to Sir Michael 
Wharton, Knt. She was buried at Brocklesby, February 26th, 
1/25. By her he had issue three sons and four daughters, viz. 
First, Charles, of whom presently. 

Second, Michael, baptised at Brocklesby March 25th, l684, 
buried there May 12th, 1718. 
Third, Henry, died an infant. 

Fourth, Mary, married Francis Anderson, of whom hereafter. 
Fifth, Frances, baptised at Brocklesby, May 3d, 1676, and 
died in June, 1703, having married Samuel Reynolds, Esq. by 
whom she had issue, first, a daughter, who died an infant 5 second, 
Charles Reynolds, Esq. who married at Broughton, com. Lincoln, 
on June 2Sth, 1 7 Ip, his cousin Charlotte, daughter of Francis An- 
derson, by Mary Pelham, but died s. p. ; third, Samuel Reynolds, 
living 1727. 

Sixth, Susanna, baptised at Brocklesby, June 20th, 167-5. 
Seventh, Charlotte, baptised April 27th, 1678, and buried 
January 10th, 1697, at Brocklesby. 

Eighth, Elizabeth, baptised September 1st, I68O, married 
John Stringer, of Sutton-upon-Lound, com. Notts, Esq. by whom 
she had a sole daughter and heir Anne, married to John Earl Fitz- 
william, and dying September 13th, 17^6, was grandmother of 
the present Earl. 

Ninth, Eleanor, baptised July 1st, 168I, buried January 1 8th, 
168 1. 

Tenth, Catherine, baptised December 2 1st, l682j buried Fe- 
bruary 1st, 1683. 



LORD YARBOROUGH. 393 

Eleventh, Margaret, baptized May 20th, l685, dated at 
Manby, February 24th, 1732. 

Charles Pelham, of Brocklesby, Esq. eldest and only sur- 
viving son, married, first, Mary, daughter of Sir William Gore, of 
Horkstow com. Lincoln, Knt, and by her had several children, 
who all died infants. He married, secondly, Mary, daughter of 
Robert Vyner, of Gotby com. Lincoln, Esq. but died without sur- 
viving issue February 6th, 1/63, aet. eighty-four, and was buried 
at Brocklesby. He left his estate to his great nephew Charles 
Anderson, Esq. who in compliance with his will, assumed the 
name of Pelham, and is now Lord Yarborough. 

Mary Pelham, his sister, as above-mentioned (who was bap- 
tised at Brocklesby April 21st, 1677), married at Broughton com. 
Lincoln, on May 17th, 17O8, Francis Anderson, of Manby in the 
parish of Broughton com. Lincoln, Esq. descended from the An- 
dersons of Eyv.'orth and Stratton in Bedfordshire. 



ANDERSON FAMH^Y. 

This family is descended from Thomas Anderson who came 
out of Scotland, lived in Northumberland, and afterwards came 
into Lincolnshire. He had two sons. 

First, Thomas Anderson, of Broughton and Casthrop com. 
Lincoln, who, by Helena, daughter of George Dallison, of Lax- 
son, had issue, first, Roger, father of Robert, who was unmarried 
J 634, and William j second, Robert, of Casthrop, living 1634, 
who by Elizabeth, daughter of Augustine Earl of Stragglethorp, 
com. Lincoln, had Frances, daughter and heir, aged twelve in 
1634 j third, Edmond, ofThornholme com. Lincoln, living 1634, 

who by Frances, daughter of , Disney, of Thomby com. 

Lincoln, had Francis, aged thirteen in l634, and William, aged 
eight in l634; fourth. Sir William Anderson, Knt. living in 
Dublin 1634. 

Second, Sir Edmukd Anderson, Knt. Lord Chief Justici; 
of the Common Pleas, which high station he filled with honour 
for twenty-three years; his Reports being still of celebrity among 
lawyers. He first studied at Lincoln College, Oxford, and then 
at the Inner Temple, where by his industry he acquired great 
knowledge of his profession. In \Q Eliz. he was appointed a 
Serjeant at law j and in 1582, was Chiff Justice in the room of 
Sir James Dyer deceased. In 1583 he was knighted, and was 



394 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

then esteemed a zealous promoter of the established discipline of 
the church of England. He died August 1st, l605, aet, seventy- 
five, and was buried at Eyworth in Bedfordshire, having married 
Magdalen, daughter of Christopher Smith, Esq. : she died Ja- 
nuary 9th, 1 622, and was buried at Ey worth. By her he had, 
besides two daughters, who died young, two sons and four 
daughters, viz. 

First, Edmond Anderson, Esq. died s. p. having married Eli- 
zabeth, daughter of Thomas Inkpen, Esq. 

Second, Sir Francis, of whom presently . 

Third, William Anderson, of Broughton com. Lincoln, Esq. 
who had no issue by his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Darnell, of Stichford com. Lincoln, Knight; but by his 
first v/ife, Joan, daughter of Thomas Essex, of Lamborne com. 
Berks, Esq. had Sir Edmond Anderson, his heir, aged twenty- 
six years in 1 634, who was created a 5aro7;e; December 11th, 
1668 ; aiKl by Mary, daughter and heir of Thomas Wood, of 
Airfield com. York, left issue male, from whom descended Sir Wil- 
liam Anderson, sixth Baronet, who died at Richmond in April, 

1772. 

Margaret, eldest surviving daughter, married Sir Thomas 
Monson, of Burton com. Lincoln, Bart. She died August 3d, 
1630, and was buried at South Carlton, com. Lincoln. 

Catherine, second daughter, married Sir George Booth, of 
Dunham-Massie, com. Chester, Knt. 

Griselda, third daughter, married Sir John Sheffield, Knight, 
second son, and at length heir apparent, to Edmund Lord Shef- 
field, K. G. which Sir John was drowned in his father's lifetime, 
but left issue by the said Griselda, from whom were descended 
the Dukes of Buckinghamshire. 

Elizabeth, fourth daughter, married Sir Hatton Fermor, of 
Easton-Neston com. Northampton, Knight. 

Sir Feancis Anderson, oi Eyworth and Stratton com, Bedford, 
Knight, second son and at length heir, married, first, Judith, 
third daughter of Sir Stephen Soame, Knight, Lord Mayor of 
London, 159S, and had issue by her two sons ; viz. 

First, Edmond Anderson, Esq. of Eyworth and Stratton, who 
died April 4th, l638, having married Alice, daughter and sole 
heir of Sir John Constable, of Dromnnly com. York, Knight, by 
whom he had Dorothy, his sole daughter and heir, married to Sir 
John Cotton, of Connington com. Huntingdon, Bart. 

Second, Stephen, of whom presently. 



LORD YARBOROUGH. 395 

Sir Francis married, secondly, Audrey, eldest daughter of Sir 
John Boteler, of Hatfield-Woodhall, com. Hertford, Bart, after- 
wards created Lord Boteler, of Bramfield, who surviving him re- 
married Francis Leigh, Earl of Chicliester, by whom she had two 
daughters, Elizabeth and Mary. By Sir Francis Anderson she 
had issue 

Sir John Anderson, of St. Ives, com. Huntingdon, created a 
Baronet January 3d, 1628, who died without issue. 

Also a daughter Mary, who died young. 

Sir Francis died December 22d, it)lQ, and was buried at 
Eyworth. 

Stephen Anderson, of Broughton and Eyworth, Esq. before 
mentioned, his second son, married Catherine, daughter of Sir 
Edwin Sandys, of Ombersley com. Worcester, Knight. She was 
buried at Eyworth, March 8th, \656. By her he had issue five 
sons and seven daughters ; viz. 

First, Sir Stephen Anderson, Bart, of whom presently. 

Second, Edward, died an infant. 

Third, Francis, of whom hereafter as ancestor to Lord Yar- 
lorough. 

Fourth, Edmond. 

Fifth, Edwin. 

Sixth, Catherine, died an infant. 

Seventh, Penelope, married Sir William Glyn, of Bisseter com. 
Oxford, Bart, 

Eighth, Mary, died young ; ninth, Catherine ; tenth, Eliza- 
beth 5 eleventh, Frances, all died unmarried. 

Twelfth, Judith, married John Lister, of Bawtry com. York, 
Esq. 

Sir Stephen Anderson, eldest son, of Eyworth, was created a 
Baronet July 13th, 1664, and died January gth, I/O/, having had 
two wives : first, Mary, daughter of Sir John Glynn, Knight, Ser- 
jeant at law. She died February 25th, iSd/, and was buried at 
Eyworth, leaving an only daughter, Anne, married to Sir Wil- 
loughby Hickman, of Gainsborough com. Lincoln. Sir Stephen 
married, secondly, Judith, daughter of Sir John Lawrence, Knt. 
Lord Mayor of London l665, by Dame Abigail, his first wife. 
She was buried in the family vault in the parish church of St. 
Helen's, London. By her he had issue three daughters and a son ; 
viz, Abigail, who died unmarried I733 ; Penelope, who died un- 
married 1/20} Catherine, who died unmarried, and was buried 
at Eyworth, April l/th, 1705; and Sir Stephen Anderson, of 



390 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Eyworth and Broughton aforesaid, second Baronet, who died Oc- 
tober 21st, 1741, and was buried at Eyworth, having married 
Anne, only daughter of Sir Martin Lumley, of Bardfield com. 
Essex, Bart, by Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heir of Sir Jona- 
than Dawes, Knight, alderman of London. She died October 
27tb, 1719, and was buried at Eyworth. By her he had issue, 
lirst, Sir Stephen, of whom presently ; second, Edmond, of Mag- 
dalen college, Cambridge, died unmarried in 1/76, and was buried 
at Eyworth ; third, Henry, died j'^oung ; fourth, Jonathan, died 
unmarried, and was buried at Eyworth, April 1 1th, 1735 ; fifth, 
Henry Anderson, of the Middle Temple, barrister at law, un- 
married 1742, was buried at Eyworth, April 5th, 1761 ; sixth, 
Anne, married the Rev. Anthony Ellys, D. D. rector of St. Olave 
in the Old Jewry, London, and prebendary of the cathedral of 
Gloucester, living 1742 ; seventh, Elizabeth, died unmarried and 
was buried at Eyworth, June lltb, 1 720; eighth, Judith, died un- 
married, Jan. 22d, 1740 3 ninth, Mary, married Justinian Isham, 
Esq. son and heir of John Isham, Esq. second son of Sir Justinian 
Isham, of Lamport com. Northampton, Bart. 3 tenth, Frances," 
married Edward Radcliffe, of London, Turkey merchant, grand- 
son of Sir Ralph Radclitfe, of Hitchin com. Herts, Knight; 
eleventh, Catherine, died aged two days, October 26th, I719. Sir 
Stephen Anderson, third and last Baronet, died in February 1773, 
and was buried at Eyworth, having married Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Miles Barne, of London, merchant, descended from 
an ancient and knightly family of that name in Middlesex and 
Kent. She was buried at Eyworth, x\pril 21st, J 769. By her 
he had an only son, Stephen Anderson, who died young. 

Francis Anderson, third son of Stephen Anderson and Cathe- 
rine Sandys, and younger brother of the first Baronet, was settled 
at Manly com. Lincoln, and dying April 15, 1706, set. sixtj'-three, 
was buried at Broughton. His will was dated February 27th, 
1705, and proved June 20th, 1706. He married, in January, 
1674, Elizabeth, youngest daughter and coheir of John Lodington, 
of Fonaby in the parish of Rund com Line. Esq. She died June 
2d, 1694, and was buried at Broughton. By her he had issue 
four sons; viz. 

First, Francis Anderson, ofivhom presently. 

Second, Stephen Anderson, born at Manby in the parish of 
Broughton, July 20th, 1677, living 1705. 

Third, John, born May 30th, 1083, living 1705. 

Fourth, Edmond, born March ISth, 168-j-, living 1705. 



LORD YARBOROUGH. 397 

Francis Anderson, of Manby, Esq. eldest son, died Sep- 
tember 29th, 17'^?} 3et. seventy-two, and was buried at Brougbton, 
having married at Broughton on May 17th, 17OS, Mary, eldest 
daughter of Charles Pelham^, of Brocklesby, Esq. and Elizabeth 
Wharton : which Mary was born at Brocklesby, April 2 1st, 16/7; 
and dying February JOth^ 173f, was buried at Broughton, having 
had issue two sons and two daughters, viz. 

First, Francis, of whom presently . 

Second, Charles Anderson, baptised at Broughton, December 
12th, 1712, died January 28th, J780, and was buried there. 

Third, Eliza-Maria, born May 3d, 171O, married at Broughton 
com. Lincoln, November 27th, 1729, Thomas Whichcot, of 
Harpswell, Esq. and dying 1732, was buried at Harpswell, 
leaving two daughters ; Frances-Maria, baptised at Brough- 
ton August 26th, 1730, married Dr. Fountain, Dean of York, 
whose daughter ' by her was the first wife of William Tatton (after- 
wards Egerton), Esq. of Withenshaw, and Tatton in Cheshire, 
and left a son William, who died member of parliament for Bever- 
ley, i799> without issue J Catherine Whichcot, the other daugh- 
ter, was baptised at Broughton, September 5th, 1/31. 

Fourth, Charlotte Anderson, the other daughter, baptised at 
Broughton June 2Sth, 1719:. married her cousin, Charles Rey- 
nolds, of the Liner Temple, Esq. but died s. p. 

Fr.\ncis Anderson, of Manby, Esq. eldest son and heir, was 
baptised at Broughton July 29th, 171l,and died October 23d, 
17'58, aet. forty-seven, and was buried there. His wife was 
Eleanor. daua;hter of Thomas Carter, of Basavern near Denbigh, 
Esq. who on May 5th, 1768, remarried Robert Vyner, Esq. of 
Gotby com. Lincoln, member of parliament for Thirske com. 
York ; and having had issue by him, was living 179-i- By her 
first husband she had issue. 

First, Charles Anderson (Pelham), present peer. 

Second, Francis Evelyn Anderson, Esq. a lieutenant-colonel 
on half-pay of the eighty-fifth foot, born ai Broughton April 8th, 
1752 J formerly member of parliament for Beverley. He married 
Caroline, daughter of General James Johnston, but had no issue 
in 1795. 

Third, Frances-Maria, born May 2-llh, I75O; died January 
31st, 1761, and was buried at Broughton. 

t See an epitaph on her in Ahtov's Poemt. 



398 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Fourth, Harriot, born at Broughton June gth, 1753, married 
to Paul Moss. 

Charles Anderson, now Lord Yareorough, eldesi son^ 
took the surname and arms of Pblham in compliance with the 
will of his great uncle, Charles Pelham, Esq. late of Brockelsby 
aforesaid, deceased. He was baptised at Broughton, February 
20th, 1748-9, and elected member of parliament for Beverley, 
1768 ; and for the county of Lincoln in 1/74, 1780, 1784, I7y0. 

He was elevated to the peerage August 13th, 1/94, by patent, 
by the title of Baron Yareorough, of Yarboroug/i in the county 
of Lincoln, to him and the heirs male of his body. 

His Lordship married at Chelsea in Middlesex, on July 21st, 
1770, Sophia, only daughter of George Aufrere, Esq. of Chelsea. 
And by her, who died January 25th, 17S6, and was buried at 
Brocklesby, had issue. 

First, Charles Anderson Pelham. 

Second, George Anderson Pelham, born September 5th, 1785, 
a lieutenant in the Coldstream regiment of foot guards. 

Third, Sophia, born at Chelsea October 3d, 1775, married 
November 5th, 1802, Dudley North, of Glemham-Hall, Suffolk, 
Esq. 

Fourth, Caroline, born January 18th, 1777) rnarried, October 
11th, 1797» Robert Carey Elwes, Esq. and has issue. 

Fifth, Lucy, born February 27th 1778, married, June 1st, 
1804, William Tennant, of Aston-ball com. Stafford, Esq. and 
has issue. 

Sixth, Maria-Charlotte, born July 6th, 1780, married, June 
19tb, 1802, Thomas Heneage, Esq. 

Seventh, Arabella, born January 20th, 1783. 

Eighth, Georgia na- Anne, born at Tunbridge-Wells July 14tb, 
1784. 

Charles Anderson Pelham, eldest son, born at Brocklesby, 
August 18th, 178I, married, August 11th, 1800, the only child 
of the Honourable John Bridgman Simpson (brother to Lord 
Bradford), by his lirst wife, the sister and heir of the late Sir 
Richard Worsley, Bart, b)' whom he has a daughter born in 
July, I8O7. He was elected member of parliament for the county 
of Lincoln, I8O7. 

Title. Charles Anderson Pelham, Lord Yarborough, of Yar- 
borough in Lincolnshire. 



LORD YARBOROUGH. 399 

Creation. By patent August 13th, 1794. 

Ar7ns. Quarterly, first and fourth Pelham, the same as the 
Earl of Chichester j second and third Anderson, argent, a chevron 
between three cross crosslets, sable. 

Crest. The crests of Pelham and Anderson^ the latter a 
talbot. 

Supporters. On the dexter, a horse reguardant, seme of bows 
bent J on the sinister, a talbot reguardant seme of cross cross- 
lets. 

Motto. VlNClT AMOK PATRI^. 

Chief Seat. Brocklesby-Hall, Lincolnshire. 



400 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




HOOD, LORD HOOD. 



SusANNAHj late wife of the present Admiral, Samuel Viscount 
Hood, was created Baroness Hood of Catherington in Hamp- 
shire, with remainder to the issue male of her body by Viscount 
Hood, on March 27th, \7Q5; and dying May 25th, 1806^ was 
succeeded by her only son 

Henry, second Lord Hood of Catherington. His 
Lordship was born August 25tb, 1753 ; and married, September 
10th, 1774, Jane, only daughter and heiress of Francis Wheeler, 
Esq. of Whitley in Hampshire, grandson of Admiral Sir Francis 
Wheeler, Knight, third son of Sir Charles Wheeler, Bart, and has 
had issue, 

First, Louisa. 

Second, Charlotte, both died infants. 

Third, Susannah, born in June, 1779'} married, April 1 6th, 
1805, Francis Mason, Esq. of the royal navy. 

Fourth, Elizabeth, died young. 

Fifth, Francis Wheeler, a captain in the third regiment of 
foot-guards, born October 4th, 178I ; married, October 11th, 
1804, Caroline, daughter of Sir Andrew Snape Hamond, Bart, 
and has issue a son, born November 19th, I8O7. 

Sixth, Selina, born November 10th, 1782. 

Seventh, Samuel, presumptive heir to the Lish Barony of 
Bridporf, born December 7th, 1788, was married at Mary-le- 
bone church on Tuesday, July 3d, 1810, by the Bishop of Salis- 
bury, to Lady Charlotte Nelson, only surviving child of the pre- 
sent William Earl Nelson, 



LORD HOOD. 401 

Title. Henry Hood, Lord Hood of Catherington, in Hamp- 
shire. 

Creation. By patent March 27th, 1795. 

Arms. See Viscount Hood in vol, v. with a label for dif- 
ference. 

Crest, Supporters, and Motto. See the same. 

Chief Seat. Catherington-House, Hants, 



VOL, vui. a » 



402 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 



STUART, LORD STUART OF CASTLE STUART. 

('EARL OF MURRAY IN SCOTLAND. J 

-TROM the time of King James III. the Earldom of Murray con- 
tinued in the crown, and there remained till the reign of King 
James V. that that Prince, by letters patent bearing date on the 20th 
of June, 1501, ^ gave it -to 

James Stuakt his natuj-al son, whom he had by Jane Ken- 
nedy, the Lord Kennedy's daughter, his paramour. 

This James, Earl of Murray, married Isabel, daughter to the 
Earl of Argyle, and dying June 12, 1544, left only one daughter, 
Mary, married to John Master of Buchan, so the Earldom of 
Murray went back again lo the crown; and being in the sove- 
reign's disposal. Queen Mary, on February 18th, 1548,'' gave it 
to George Earl of Hunlly : but her Majesty recalling that deed, 
she was afterwards graciously pleased to bestow the Earldom of 
Murray upon 

James Stuart, Prior of St. Andrew's. This James, next £«r* 
of Murray, was the natural son of King James V. by Mar- 
garet, daughter of John Lord Erskine. Being by the care of his 
father, as all the rest of his illegitimate sons were, bred to the 
church ; he was when very young provided to the priory of St. 
Andrew's, anno 1539, then void by the promotion of Patrick Hep- 
burn, to the episcopal see of Murray ; but by reason of his non- 
age. Dr. Alexander Miln, abbot of Cambuskenneth, and presi- 
dent of the college of justice, was appointed administrator of the 

» Charta in Rotulis Jacobi IV. b Ibid, ia Rotulis Mariae R. 



LORD STUART. 403 

benefice, *^ both with respect to the spiritual and temporal dis- 
charge of the function. 

By reason of the prior's youth, T have met with nothin<y me- 
morable of him, (till the beginning of tlie reformation,) he was 
among the first who embraced the protestant reformed relio-ion, 
thouglvhe was far from giving any countenance to the popular 
reformation; as is manifest from the many and frequent addresses 
he and others of the protestant nobility made to the Queen Re- 
gent, that she would please to concur by her authority in reform- 
ing of the churcl). 

But the Queen peremptorily refusing not only to comply with 
their supplications, but having also violated some articles of paci- 
fication, she had very solemnly entered into with the protestant 
lords, of which the prior of St. Andrew's himself stood guarantee; 
he thereupon kft her, and joined himself with the lords of the 
congregation, :is they were called; whereupon the prior, the Lord 
James, was summoned before the council; but he did not think 
fit to answer the charge otherwise, than to return this answer to 
the messenger, " That her Majesty had broken the conditions 
with the lords of the congregation, which, by warrant from her- 
self, he had made and entered into with them; he would have no 
more meddling in such dishonest courses, and would do the best 
to repair things he could." This answer gave occasion to the 
Queen to signify to the prior, " that she suspected that religion 
was the least thing he or his party had in their thoughts; and 
that she did not doubt, but that under the covert and pretext of 
religion, he intended to make an attempt upon the crown. The 
prior in the mean time disowned the charge, and thought himself 
obliged, for his further vindication, to make a very solemn protests^ 
tion, that he had no other view or design in what he had done, than 
the advancement of the true reformed religion, and the preserva- 
tion of the liberties of his country, which he could not but bewail 
he saw so signally invaded by her, at least by those who pretended 
to act by, and derive their authority from her; after which he 
was so hearty a promoter of the reformation, that he became the 
head of the protestant party. 

When Queen Mary became a widow by the death of King 
Francis IL the prior of St. Andrew's was sent by the protestant 
nobility, to invite the Queen home ; and soon after her arrival, 
her Mijesty having named a new privy-council, the Lord James, 

c Charta in Pub, Arch. 



404 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

her brother, was appointed one of the number, and not long after 
he was sent with a commission of lieutenantcy to the borders, to 
suppress an insurrection that was threatened in those parts ; and 
he discharged the trust reposed in him with such courage and 
hdelity, that upon his return the Queen was graciously pleased to 
bestow upon her brother the Earldom of Mar, then in the <irown ; 
but the Lord Erskine being found to have right to the Earldom of , 
Mar, that lord was by way of justice restored to that honour, in 
lieu whereof the Prior of St. Andrew's was made Earl of Murray, 
February 10th, 1562.^ 

After this the Earl continued in the greatest favour with the 
Queen, without any interruption, till in the year 1565 her Ma- 
jesty declaring her resolution to marry the Lord Darnley, my 
Lord Murray and many others opposed the match^ upon pre- 
text of the danger that might arise to religion and to the state by 
that union, forasmuch as it had not been practised at any time, to 
impose a king upon the nation without the advice and consent of 
parliament; and in order to put a more effectual stop thereto, 
they made, says Sir James Melvil, an essay to take the Lord 
Darnley in the Queen's company at the Raid of Baith, and, as they 
alleged, to have sent him to England : but failing in their en- 
terprise, they were so closely pursued by the Queen's troops, that 
they thought it the safest course for them to flee to England, 
where they met but with a very cold reception from Queen Eliza- 
beth, though she had very much encouraged them underhand to 
enter into those measures, to disturb the peace and tranquillity of 
Scotland, and to sully the glory of Queen Mary's reign. 

After the Queen's marriage with the Lord Darnley, a parlia- 
ment was called, before which the Earl of Murray and his asso- 
ciates were summoned to answer a charge of high treason, which 
was prepared against themj and the Earl would have undoubtedly 
been denounced rebel, and forfeited, had not the murder of David 
Rizio prevented it, which happened three days before the sitting 
down of the parliament. At the day appointed the Earl of Murray J 
returned home, and went straight to the parliament house, and 1 
took instruments that he was ready to answer the summons of ^ 
treason ; but such was the confusion of affairs, that no evidence 
came against him, and the Queen believing him innocent of 
Rizio's murder, was pleased to .give him a gracious pardon, restore 
him to her wonted favour, and to place an unsuspected confidence 

•i Charta in Pub. Arch. 



LORD STUART. 403 

ill him; but the broils of tlie country still increasing more and 
more^ especially after the murder of the Lord Darnley, he ob- 
tained the Queen's leave to travel, which he did, first into Eng- 
land, and thence into France, where he remained till the Queen 
had made a resignation of the government, and the Prince, King 
JamesAT, her son, set upon the throne, when he was called home 
to be Regent to the young King ; to which office he was chosen 
by those of the nobility who adhered to the Prince in his absence, 
on August 22d, 156/. In December after he called a parliament, 
wherein the Pope's authority was abolished, and the true pro- 
testant religion received a new sanction ; after having settled the 
government, and seeming secure in it, he was, on January 23d, 
l.'vO, unexpectedly, as he was riding through the street of Lin- 
lithgow, far from apprehending any danger, shot from a window 
with a musket, in the lower part of his belly, by James Hamilton, 
of Bothwel-haugh, in revenge of a private injury the Regent had 
done him, and in the instant falling from his horse, died the same 
evening. Few days after his body was removed to Edinburgh, 
and with great funeral solemnity interred in St. Giles's church, 
where a monument was erected over his grave, with this inscrip- 
tion upon it : 

Pietas sine Vindice luget : 

Jus exarmatum est. 

23 Januarii, 1570. 

Jacobo Stewarto, 

Moravise Comiti, 

Scotia Proregi, 

Viro, yEtatis suae longe optimo, ab Inimicis oranis 

Memoriae deterrimis, ex insidiis extincto, ceu Patri 

communi, Patria racerens posuit. 

As to the Regents character, Mr. Buchanan, his old tutor and 
faithful friend, draws a very fair and bright one of him j and some 
later writers, whose pens perhaps have been directed as much by 
malice as truth, have endeavoured to give the world a very ill im- 
pression of him; and I observe, that generally men pass their 
judgments upon him according to the party they are of; for these 
reasons I shall not take his character from any party writer, either 
of the one or the other side. And therefore shall rather choose 
to recite that given by Bishop Spotiswood, than add any of my 
own. " His death," says that reverend author^ "■ was by all men 



405 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

greatly lamented, especially by the commons, who loved him as 
their father, whilst he lived, and novi^ mourned grievously at his 
dratl) : the great things he had wrought in his life (having in the 
space of one year and little more, quieted the state which he 
found broken and di ordered) made his very enemies speak of him 
with praise and conmiendation : above all his virtues, which were 
not a few, he shined in piety toward God, ordering himself and 
his family in such sort, as it did more resemble a church thin a 
court J for theri^in, besides the exercise of devotion, M'bich he 
never omitted; tl)ere was no wickedness to be seen, nay not an un- 
seemly wanton word to be heard, a man truly good, and worthy 
to be ranked amon^^ the best governors that this kin2:dom hath en- 
joyed; and therefore to this day is honoured v^ith the title of. 
The Good Regent." 

So far this account is taken from Crauford. I shall now 
transcribe, from the first volume of Robertsoifs HUlory, the in- 
teresting account of the dismal close of his miserable days. 

" Hamilton, of Bothwellhaugh, was the person who murdered 
the Regent, Jan. 23, 15/0. He had been condemned lo death soon 
after the battle of Langside, and owed his life lo the Regent's cle- 
mency. But part of his estate had been bestovved upon one of the 
Rerent's favourites, who seized his house and turned out his wife 
naked, in a cold night, into the open fields, where, before next 
morning, she became furiously mad. This injury made a deeper 
impression on him, than the benefit he had received, and at that mo- 
ment he vowed to be revenged upon the Regent. Party rage strength- 
ened and inflamed his private resentment. His kinsm.en, the Ha- 
miltons, applauded theenterprize. The maxims of that age justified 
the most desperate course he could take to obtain vengeance. He 
followed the Regent for some time, and watched for an opportu- 
nity to strike the blow. He resolved at last to wait till his enemy 
should arrive at Linlithgow, through which he was to pass in his 
way from Stirling to Edinburgh. He took his stand in a wooden ■ 
gallery, which had a window towards the street ; spread a feather 
bed on the floor, to hinder the noise of his feet from being heard ; 
hung up a black cloth behind him, that his shadow might not be 
observed from without; and, after all this prepal-ation, calmly 
expected the Regent's approach, who had lodged during the night 
in a house not fqr distant. Some indistinct information of the 
danger that threatened him, had been conveyed to the Regent, 
and he paid so much regard to it, that he resolved to return by the 
gan-e gate through which he had entered, and to fetch a compass 



LORD STUART. 407 

round the town ; but as the crowd about the gate was great, and 
he himself unacquainted with fear, he proceeded directly along 
the street; and the throng of the people oblifjing him to move 
very slowly, gave the assassin time to take so tree an aim, that he 
shot him, with a single bullet, through the lower part of his 
belly, and killed the horse of a gentlem.in who rode on his other 
side. His followers instantly endeavoured to break into the house 
whence the blow had coniv-, but they found the door strongly 
barricaded; and before it could be forced open, Hamilton had 
mounted a fleet horse, which stood ready for him at a back pas- 
sage, and was got far beyond their reach. The Regent died the 
same night of his wound. 

" There is no person in that age, about whom histoiians have been 
more divided, or whose character has been drawn with such op- 
posite colours. Personal intrepidity, military skill, sagacity and 
vigour in the administration of civil affjirs, are virtues, which even 
his enemies allow him to have possessed, in an eminent degree. His 
moral qualities are more dubious, and ought neither to be ])raised, 
nor censured, without great reserve, and many distinctions. In a 
fierce age he was capable of using victory with humanity, and of 
treating the vanquished with moderation. A patron of learning, 
which, among martial noble?, was either unknown or despised ; 
zealous for religion, to a degree, which distinguished him, even 
at a time, when professions of that kind were not uncommon, 
his confidence in his friends was extreme, and inferior only to his 
liberality towards them, which knew no bounds. A disinterested 
passion for the liberty of his country, prompted him to oppose 
the pernicious system, which the Princes of Lorrain had obliged 
the Queen-mother to pursue. On Mary's return to Scotland, he 
served her with a zeal and affection, to which he sacrificed the 
friendship of those, who were most attached to his person. But, 
on the other hand, his ambition was immoderate ; and events 
happened, that opened to him vast prospects, which allured his 
enterprising genius, and led him to actions, inconsistent with the 
duty of a subject. His treatment of the Queen, to whose bounty 
he was so much indebted, was unbrotherly and ungrateful. The 
dependance on Elizabeth, under which he brought Scotland, was 
disgraceful to the nation. He deceived and betrayed Norfolk, 
with a baseness unworthy of a man of honour. His elevation to 
such unexpected dignity, inspired him with new passions, with 
haughtiness and reserve ; and instead of his natural manner, which 
was blunt and open, he affected the arts of dissimulation and re~ 



408 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

finement. Fond, towards the end of his life, of flattery, and im- 
patient of advice, his creatures, by soothing his vanity, led him 
astra}', while his ancient friends stood at a distance, and predicted 
his approaching fall. But, amidst the turbulence and confusion 
of that factious period, he dispensed justice with so much impar- 
tiality, he repressed the licentious borderers with so much courage, 
and established such uncommon order and tranquillity in the 
country, that his administration was extremely popular, and he 
was long and aftectionately remembered among the commons by 
the name of The good regent." 

The Regent married Agnes, daughter of William Earl Maris- 
chal, by whom he had two daughters, 

Margaret, Countess of Murray, the heir of his honour and 
estate j and, 

Mary, married to Francis Earl of Errol. 

"Which Margaret, Countess of Murray, was married to 

James Stuart, LordDown, who in right of his wife, became 
third Earl of Murray. ^ 

« King Robert 11- by Elizabeth More, his wife, had several sons, of 
whom Robert Stewart, Eail of Fife and Menteath, was their third legitimate 
son. He was a man of high accomplishments, equally qualified for the cabinet 
or field, and on this account the King, his father, being aged and infirm, 
made this his son, governor of Scotland in his own life time ; and his elder 
brother King Robert III. after his accession to the crown, being likewise 
valetudinary, thought fit to continue him in the regency, and dignified him 
with the title of DuLe of Albany in 1399. Upon the death of King Robert 
III. his son King James I. being prisoner in England, the Duke of Albany, of 
right, became governor of the kingdom for his nephew, in which office he 
continued until his decease- He commanded the Scottish army in several en- 
gagements against the English, and always behaved vi'ith such courage and 
conduct as generally enabled him to come ofFvictorious, though often inferior 
in number to the enemy. Having diL^chargcd his trust in all these high de- 
partments with wisdom, prudence and integrity ; he died September 3d, 1419, 
universally lainented. 

By his first wife Margaret, grandchild and sole heir to Alan, Earl of Men- 
teith, by which marriage he acquired that honour and a large estate, he had 
several daughters, and a son, 

Murdoch, secoid Duh of Albany, who succeeded to his fatlier's estates, 
and also to the government of the kindom. * In 1424, he had the sole merit 
of restoring King James I. to the crown, who had been detained, from his 
infancy, during eighteen years, in the court of England, by King Henry. V.f 



* Chronicon Scotise, in the I.awyer's Library in Edinburgh, ad ann 1399. 
Life of Robert, Duke of Albany, Regent, in the lives of the officers of the 
crown and st.tte, by Geo Crawford, Esq. p. 301, and Douglas, p. i5. 
■i Rymer's Fcedera, ad anno 1424. 



LORD STUART. 409 

This Earl was a person of great parts, magnanimity, and 
courage, and wanted nothing but age and experience to have ren- 
dered him a most accomplished nobleman. 



and yet by the wicked means of his half uncle, Walter Stewart Earl of Athol, 
Duke Murdoch, wiih two of his sons, suffered death (in 14^5, when his es- 
tates and titles were forfeited to the state) on a false accusation, as was gene- 
rally thought, of aspiring to the crown, their standing in a degree nearer the 
succession than Walter, exciting them, as was believed. He married Isabel, 
daughter and heir to Duncan, Earl of Lennox, and by her had two daughters, 
the elder married to Archibald Campbell, of Lochow ; and Lady Isabel the 
younger, married to Sir Walter Buchanan of that ilk. He had also four 
sons, viz. 

First, Robert, who died without issue before his father. 

Second, Sir Walter; and, third, Sir Alexander, who shared their father's 
fate; and. 

Fourth, Sir James Stewart, who on the unfortunate reverse of his father's 
fortune, and the consequent deprivation of his estates and honours, fled to 
Ireland, where he spent the rest of his days, and died in 1449 * By a daugh- 
ter of the hoifse of Macdonnell, t he had seven sons, viz. first, Andrew ; se- 
cond. Sir Murdoch, who died without issue ; third, Arthur; fourth, Robert • 
fifth, Alexander ; sixth, Walter, of "whom hereafter; and, seventh, James Beg 
ancestor to the Stewarts of Baldoran. J 

Sir Andrew, the eldest son, (created Lord Evandale,)]^?^^^ oi ntdix 
afRnity to the serene house of Stewart, King James II. commiserating his 
condition with that of his brother Walter, was pleased to recall them from 
Ireland, also to promote Sir Andrew to be first lord of his bedchamber, and 
warden of the west marches towards England ; wlio in 14^6 vv?is created a peer, 
by the title oi Lord Ev^uidale ; and his Lordship was nominated first guardian 
of King James III- during his long minority, and was appointed to preside 
over all aflairs, foreign, and domestic. ^ He was afterwards sent by King 
James to the court of Denmark, to demand iVIargaret, daughter of that King, 
for his master in marriage, which embassy he concluded || He was also ap. 
pointed Lord Chanceller of Scotland, which high office he held till 1488, when 



* So says the pedigree; but Douglas, in the Peerage of Scotland, p, ijoi, 
says, that on his father's imprisonment he came down from the Highlands 
with a considerable party, burnt the town of Dunbarton, killed Sir John 
Stewart of Dundonald, governor of the castle, with many others, for which he 
was obliged to fly to Ireland, where he died in 145 1. 

+ It has been contended, that these children were illegitimate, because 
born before their father's marriage; but it is replied, that the subsequent 
marriage by the laws of Scotland, legitimated them to all intents and pur- 
poses. Still for. their greater security they obtained an act of legitimation 
from the crown, dated April 17th, 1479. 

X Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, p. joi. 

^ Maitland's Hist. vol. ii. p 652. 

\ Buchanan, lib ii. Maitland, vol ii- p. 665, 



410 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Upon some matters of interest there fell a misunderstanding 
betwixt him and the Earl of Huntly, which grew into such an 

rleceasing without issue male, a great estate devolved upon his next heir, the 
son of his brother Walter. 

Which Walter, married Elizabeth Arnot of that ilk, an ancient family 
in the county of Fife, and by her had Matilda, married to Sir William Ed- 
monston, of Duncreath ; Margaret, to Alexander Cunninghame, of Drum- 
quhastle; Alexander, who succeeded his uncle; and John, ancestor to the 
Stewarts of Kilbeg * 

Alexander, the elder son, succeeded to his uncle's estates : beingpos- 
sessed of an ample landed property, he was entitled to a seat in parliament, 
firiute tenune, in right of his barony, yet he never received the investiture of 
a lord of parliament Dominus Parliatnentiy nor was he ever otherwise designed 
than Alexander Stewart, Laird of EvanJale, in which quality he died in 1492, 
when he was succeeded by his eldest son, 

A N D R Ew Stewart, cf Evandale, whom King James IV. for the honour of 
the proximity of blood, in which he stood to the crown, was pleased to raise 
to the dignity which his great uncle enjoyed, by solemn investiture in 
parliament, and by the heraldi and sound of trumpets without doors, as was 
the custom of creating Lord Barons in that and the preceding reigns, f This 
Lord EvanJale was high in the esteem of that King, to whom he was first 
lo.d of the bed-chamber, and lost his life with his royal master at the battle 
of Flodden, September 9th, 1513 X 

He married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Kennedy, of Blairquhan, and 
by her had. 

First, Andrew, his heir. 

Second, Henry, fwho married the Queen-mother of Scotland, widow of 
King James IV. and mother of King James V. but left no surviving issue by 
the Queen : he was created Lord Methzien in 1528, and was killed at the battle 
of Pinkie in 1547, having issue by his second wife. Lady Janet Stewart, several 
daughters, and a son Henry, in whose son Henry the title failed.] ^ 

Third, Sir James, ancestor to the Earl of Moray 

Agnes, married to John Boswell, of Auchinleck ; Anne, to Bartholomew 
Crawfurd, of Carse; and Barbara, fiist to James Sinclair, of Sanday, and se- 
condly, to Roderick Macleod, of Lewes. || 

Andr EW, the elder son, succeeding to the estates and title, became the 
third Lord Evandale : 5 in the year 1534, during the minority of Queen Mary, 
and under the regency of James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, whose sister, the 



* Douglas, p. ^01, 502. 

+ Register of Parliament in the keeping of the Lord Register of Scotland. 

X Charter in Pub. Archive. 1516. 

§ Douglas, p. 476, 477- || Idem, p 502. 

5 " Douglas makes Andrew, the second Lord Evandale, or as he calls him 

third Lord, to be the first Lord Ochiltrie, omitting the circumstance of his 

father's not sitting in parliament. We are always inclined to Mr. Douglas's 

opinion ; in the present instance, however, v.<e have adopted a very accurate 

pedigree, the communication of Lord Castle-Stuart." ArcMall's Iriih Peerage. 



LORD STUART. 411 

animosity between them, that the King very much apprehended 
the danger of those divisions, there having been some blood shed. 



Lady Margaret, be had mariied, he relinquished the title of E-vaudale, and 
was created Lord Suiuart rf Ochiltrie, * but still observing the precedence of 
Evandale, and accordingly is> in the rolls of parliament, and other records, 
styled Lord Ochiltrie and Fuilford. + He was one of the first men of quality 
that zealously fell in with the reformation of religion. He died in 1548, % or 
1549, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

Andrew, Lord Stetuart of Ochiltrte, commonly called the good Lord 
Ochiltrie. He and his father had zealously pushed forward the reformation 
of religion, and voted for it as a peer in the parliament of 1560. At a con- 
vention of the estates, previous to the marriage of Queen Mary with the 
Lord Darnley, wiio was a papist, Loid Ochiltrie alone, oi^enly protested 
he would never give his consent to a King of the popish religion. § He ob- 
tained four ciia:terb containing several lands and baronies, under the great seal 
of Scotland between 1570 and 15921 in all which he was styled Domino Ochil- 
trie, znAhy Agnes, his wife, daughter of John Cunningham, of Caprington, 
he had issue Label, married to Thomas Kennedy, of Bargeny; Margaret, first 
to John Knox, the reformer, and secondly to Sir Andrew Ker, of Faudenside ; 
also five sons, viz. 

First, Andrew, his heir. 

Second, Sir James, of Bothwel-AIuir, after £.zr/ of Arran, who was in 
great favour with King James VI. and thought to be one of the evil ministers 
of that time. His enemies, to render him odious to the people, charged him 
with laying claim to the crown, calling himself James the VJL by his descent 
from Murdock., Duke of Albany. And in the parliament, anno i58<;, to clear 
himself of that aspersion, as w-as supposed, he renounced any title he inight 
have to the crown that way, by the following protestation, as it stands enrolled 
in the records of parliament. 

" James, Earl of Arran, &c. protests for himself, and in name of his 
father's house of Okhiltrie, that neather the Duke of Lenox's Grace, nor nae 
other has right to carrie the crown, or be nearest to the King's Majestie's 
person at any meetings of parliament, conventions of estates, &c. before the 
said Earl's father's house, in regard to the nearness and proximity of bluid 
they stand in to his Highness, since it is well known to sundry here present, 
who are ready to attest the samyn, that the Lord Okhiltrie the said Earl's 



* He exchanged, says Douglas, his lordship of Evandale in Lanerkshlrc, 
with Sir James Hamilton of Fyiiart, for the lordship of Ochiltrie in Au'shire, 
and got charters under the great seal, of the lands and barony of Ochiltrie, 
and several others, Andrece d:mit/o Evandale inter 1536 et i^.\o. He then, with 
consent of the crown, got the title of Evandale exchanged for that of Ochil- 
trie, which was confirmed to him by act of parliament anno 1545. He after- 
wards got three charters under the great seal [Andrecs domino Ocbiltrit, oi dif- 
ferent lands and baronies /«/■?)- 1543 '•/ 1546. (Douglas, p. 52i.j 
+ See Knox's Hist, ot tne Reformat '.on, lib. iv. p.343. 
X Buchan, lib xvii Spotswood, p. iSy- Maitlund, vol ii. p 952. 

\ Ibid. 



412 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

and men killed upon their private contests, so that the count ry 
was passionately divided between them ; his Majesty therefore, in 

father, is lawfully come of the royal bluid, as lyneally descending from father 
to son of the house of Evandale, whaes first progenitor, not long synsyne, was 
son to Duke Murdake, begotten in lav/full bed, who was son to Duke Robert 
of Albany, who was uncle, tutor, and governour, a lang time, to umquhill 
(the latej King James the first, his nepot, (nephew). And thereupon the 
said Earl asked and toke instruments in due and competent form, &c " This 
Earl after many and various scenes of life was divested of all his offices and 
honours, and for several years lived a retired life, without any other designa- 
tion than that of Captain Sie-wart ; and having been the regent Morton's ac- 
cuser, was in revenge put to death by Sir James Douglas of Fortherald, in 
1596. 

Third, Sir William Steward, of Monkton, who was killed by the Earl of 
Bothwell, and left no issue. 

Fourth, Sir Henry ; and, 

Fifth, Robert, of Wester-Braco,left no issue. * 

Andrew Stewart, the eldest son, and heir apparent to tlie third Lord 
Ochiltrie, obtained several charters under the great seal, as Andrei^ Magistro 
de Ochiltrie, of the lands and barony of Ochiltrie, the five merk land of Port- 
carrick, and several others between the years 1578 and 1584. He married 
Margaret, eldest daughter of Henry second Lord Methven, and deceased 
before his father, having had issue two sons and four daughters, viz. Andrew, 
heir to his grandfather ; Josias, of Bonniton, who died without issue; Anne, 
married to Sir Henry Ker, of Fernyliirst, after Lord Jedburgli ; Margaret, to 
John Stewart, of Traquair ; Margery, to Sir Roger Aston, of England, and 
gentleman of the bed-chamber to KingJamesVL; Martha, to Nicol Ruther- 
ford, of Hundely ; Mary, to Sir George Crawfurd, of Lifnurris ; and Isabel, 
to Gilbert Kennedy, of Bargeny. f 

Andrew, the elder son, succeeding his grandfather in 159Z + became 
X\\e fourth Lord Ochiltrie, and obtaining several charters under the great seal 
about 1 601, was therein styled Andreir domino Ochiltrie terrarum ecclesiasticarum 
de Ochiltrie, &c ^ This nobleman, first lord of the bed-chamber to King 
James VI. of Scotland, and I, of England, was general of the artillery and 
captain governor of the castle of Edinborough. 

He was so expensive in his manner of living, that his own fortune, with 
the emoluments of his employments, were not sufficient to support him ; 
therefore with the consent of his son Andrew, master of Ochiltrie, and the 
approbation of the crown, he sold his Lordship of Ochiltrie, to his cousin. Sir 
James Stewart, of Killeth (son of Sir James, of Bothwell-Muir, created Earl 
of Arran,) but whose line failed in his great grandson William Stewart, Lord 
Ochiltrie, who died in 1675, ^ged sixteen years |( 

Whereupon his Majesty, solicitous to preserve the family in some degree 
of splendour suitable to their rank and descent, in his letters from West- 
minster, May 28th, 161S, thus writes: " We are never forgetful of any good 



Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, p. 522. + Ibid, p. 523. 

X Charta in pub. Archi. ad ann. 1592. 
S Douglas, p. 523. II Idem. p. 524. 



LORD STUART. 413 

order to settle the whole dispute, upon the hearing all that could 
be said by either party, and being desirous to accommodate the 
matter himself, caused them to be summoned before the council^ and 
both the Earls obeying the charge, it was determined that the Earl 
of Huntly should be ordered home to the country, and my Lord 
Murray to stay at court for some time. But as soon, says Sir 
James Melvil, as Huntly went home, he triumphed, and took 
sundry advantages upon the Earl of Murray's lands, giving him 
just cause of complaint; and Murray, after sundry representations, 
getting no redress, be retired himself from the court, and became 
so malcontent, that he took plain part with the Earl of Bothwell, 
who had attempted to seize upon the King's person at his palace 
of riolyrood House, in order to oblige his Majesty to receive him 

services done unto us by our meanest subjects, much less of those which our 
trusty and well beloved Andrew Stewart, late Lord Ochiltrie, hath performed 
in many kinds, which as we have hitherto retained in our memory for his 
good, so we are now pleased to give him a r^al testimony of our gracious ac- 
ceptance thereof, by creating him a baron of that our realm : these are there- 
fore to require you to issue letters patent under the great seal of our kingdom 
of Ireland, creating him Lord Steivart, Baron of Castle-Stewart in the county 
of Tyrone, and to the heirs male of his body. He had three sons ; Sir An- 
drew, his heir; John, who succeeded; a.r\d R.ohtx:X, ancestor to the present 
£ay/ ofCaitle-Steivart hi Ii eland. 

Sir James Stuart, of Beat/j, third son of Andrew, third Lord E-vandalCf 
Was a man of good parts, and in great favour with King James V. who ap- 
pointed him one of the gentlemen of his bed-chamber, lieutenant of the 
guards, constable of the castle of Down, steward of Menteath, Strathgartney, 
See. He was killed at Dunblain by the Laird of Duntreath ; and his two 
brothers, in 1547, having married Margaret, daughter of John, fourth Lord 
Lyndsay, of Byres, by whom he had, 
First, James, his heir. 
Second, Archibald, of Burray, died 9 p. 
Third, Henry, of Bucklevie. 

Fourth, Elizabeth, married Robert Crichton, of Cluny, lord advocate, by 
whom she was mother to the admirable Crichton. 

Sir James, eldest son, obtained a creation of his lands into the ^areny 
«f Donvn, 1565. He was in great favour with King James VI. and raised by 
him to the peerage by the title of Lord Do-wn in 1581. He died in 1590 
having married Lady Margaret Campbell, daughter of Archibald, fourth Earl 
of Argyle, by whom he had. 
First, James. 

Second, Henry, Lord St. Colone, who served under Gustavus Adolphus, 
but died s. p. 

Third, Anne, married Sir James Wemys, of that ilk. 
Fourth, Jane, married Simon, Lord Fraser, of Lovat. 
James, eldest son, second Lord Doivn, married, by King James's special 
appointment, Lady Elixabeth, eldest daughter and coheiress of James Earl of 
^^urraji, tie Regent as aboveftntntianed in the text. 



414 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

into favour. The Earl of Hnntly being advertised, continues my 
author, that his adversary Murray was an outlaw, with the Earl of 
Bothwell, he returned to court, to get some advantage of him : 
but in the mean time the Lord Ocliiltree endeavouring to reconcile 
them with consent of his Majesty, in order thereto drew the Earl 
of Murray to Dunibirsel, a seat of his own in Fife, to be near 
hand, tliat conditions and articles might be added and arranged at 
thr; pleasure ot their friends. The Earl of LIuntly being made 
privy to Murray's coming to Dunibirsel, obtained instantly a 
commission to pursue the Earl of Bothwell, and all his partakers ; 
whereupon with an armed force, consi-ting most of his own vas- 
sals and retainers, he unexpectedly beset the house of Dunibirsel ; 
and up^n the Earl's refusing to surrender himself to Hunlly, the 
house was set on fire: notwithstanding the Earl made his way 
through the flames, and also bravely through his more merciless 
enemies, and had so far succeeded in his escape, that he was got 
fairly out of their hands, and had concealed himself among the 
rocks by the sea ; but the tip of his head-piece which had taken 
fire before he left the bouse, discovered him through the darkness 
of the night, whereupon his enemies set upon, and instantly 
murdered him with many circumstantances of barbarity, on Fe- 
bruary yih, 1592. 

His death was universally regretted, and the King bore it with 
extraordinary grief. For little knew, says Sir James Melvil, his 
Majesty that Huntly under this general clause of pursuing Both- 
well and his accomplices, was minded to assail the Earl of 
Murray at his own house, and to kill him as he did, to the regret 
of many. 

Bv the Counters of Murray, his wife, he left two sons. 

First, James, the next Earl. 

Second, Francis Stewart, Esq. ; also three daughters. 

Margaret, married to Charles Howiird, Earl of Nottingham, ^ 
of the kingdom of England ; and thereafter to Sir William 
Monson, Viscount of Castlemain. 

Mary, to Alexander Lord Saltonn. 

Grisel, to Sir Robert Lmes, of that ilk^ and had issue. 

Which James, fourth Earl of Moray, mavv'ied Anne, daughter 
of George Marquis of Huntly, by the special appointment of King 
James, to remove the animosity betwixt the families of Huntly 
and Murray, and to dispose and unite them in a firm union and 

f See Memohs of Peers of Kins Jajnes I. 



LORD STUART. 415 

fnendahip. By this Lady he had James, his son and heir ; also 
one daughter, Mary, married to the Laird of Grant, and depart- 
ing this lite in August, l63S, = was succeeded in his estate and 
honour by 

James, his son, Jt/th Earl of Moray , who married Maro^aret, 
daughter and coheir of Alexander Earl of Hume, and dying in 
March, l653,'' left issue by the foresaid Margaret, his wife. 

First, James, Lord Down, who died a youth. 

Second, Alexander, his successor. 

Third, Archibald Stewart, of Dunnern, ancestor of the 
Stewarts of that place : likewise four daughrers; 

First, Mary, married to Archibald Earl of Argyle. 

Second, Mjrgaret, to Sir Alexander Sutherland, thereafter 
Lord Dutfus. 

Third, Henrietta, to Sir Hugh Camphel, of Calder, Knight. 

Fourth, Anne, to David Ross, ofBalnagown. 

Which Alexander, sixth Earl, being a man of reputation for 
parts and learning, came to be in great favour with King Charle* 
IF. toward the end of his reign. He was first made justice ge- 
neral, and then, October 10th, l6S0, promoted to be sole Secre- 
iary of Slate upon the diraission of the Duke of Lauderdale.' 
He continued sole secretaiy till l682, when the Earl of Mid- 
dleton, and thereafter the Lord Melfort, were joined in commis- 
sion with him. 

When King James VIL came to the crown, his Majesty made 
the Earl again one of his principal secretaries, and appointed him 
lord high commissioner to the second session of the parliament 
l6s6, and as a further mark of his special grace and favour, elected 
him one of the Knights of the most noble order of the Thistle 
in 1687. 

The Earl continued secretary till the revolution, when King 
James went over to France ; he was then removed from all em- 
ployments, and thenceforth lived retiredly, enjoying the felicities 
of a private life, till he exchanged this mortal life with a state of 
immortality on November Ist, 1/00, having had issue by Emilia, 
bis wife, daughter of Sir William Ballour, of Pitculio, lieutenant 
of the Tower of London in the reign of King Charles I. first, 
James ; second, Charles ; third, John, died s. p. ; fourth, Francis. 

James, Lor^ Z)ou'?i, who married Catherine, daughter of Sir 

g Balfour's Annals, 
h Charta in Pub Arch, ad annum 1653. i Ibid. 



4l5 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Lionel Tal mash, and of Elizabeth Duchess of Lauderdale, died! 
before his father, leaving two daughters behind him ; Elizabeth, 
married to Brigadier Alexander Grant, of that ilk j and Emilia, 

first to Jrazer, of Strichen j and again to John Earl of 

Crawfurd. 

Sir Charles Stewart, Bart, the second son, succeeded his 
father in the honour, and was seventh Earl of Murray, He mar- 
ried the Lady Anne Campbell, daughter of Archibald Earl of 
Argyle, widow of Richard £arl of Lauderdale j but died without 
issue, 1/35, 

Francis Stewart, ybztrfA son, succeeded as eighth Earl, and 
married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Murray, of Drum- 
cairn, by whom he had no issue that came to any maturity ; se- 
condly, Jean, daughter of John Lord Balmerino, by whom he had. 

First, James. 

Second, John, represented the boroughs of Crail, Anstruther, 
&c. in parliament, J 7-11, and was colonel of a regiment in the 
service of the States General. 

Third, Francis, a colonel in the array, died in Germany j mar- 
ried Lady Helen Montgomery, daughter of the Earl of Eglington. 

Fourth, Archibald, captain in the navy. 

Fifth, Henry, "^ major of a regiment of dragoons. 

Sixth, Lady Anne, married John Stewart, of Blairhall, Esq. 

Seventh, Lady Emilia, married colonel Sir Peter Halket, of 
Pitfarren, Bart, who was kilkd in America, July 9th, \'/55. 

His Lordship dying in 1/39, ^^^ succeeded by his eldest son, 

James, the ninth Earl, who married Grace, Countess Dowager, 
and widow of John Gordon, third Earl of Aboyne, daughter of 
George Lockhart, Esq. by whom he had 

Francis, the late Earl. 

And a daughter, Eupheme. 

He married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of David, Earl of 
Wemyss, by whom, who died 1779, he had two sons 5 

Second, James. 

Third, David, who died June 12th, 1784; and his Lordship 
deceasing on July 5th, 1767, was succeeded by his son, 

Francis, the tenth Earl of Murray , and first Lord Stuart 
OF Castle Stuart. 

In 1784 and 1790, his Lordship wds elected one of the sixteen 

k One of these brothers was father of Mrs ObiernC) wife of Dr- Obienie, 
now BUhop of Meat h. 



LORD STUART. 41/ 

peers of Scotland ; and on June 4th, 1796, was created an English 
peer by the title of Lord Stuart of Castle Stuart. 

His Lordship married, in June 1/03, Jane, eldest daughter of 
John, Lord Gray; by whom, who died in 1786, he had issue five 
sons and four daughters, viz. 

First, James, Lord Doune, died June Ilth, ^776. 

Second, John, I,ord Doune, died July 6th, 1791. 

Third, Francis, the present peer. 

Fourth, Archibald, married, March 4th, 1797, Cornelia, 
daughter of Edmund Pleydell, Esq. 

Fifth, Charles. 

Sixth, Margaret, who died September, 1788. 

Seventh, Grace, married, July lOth, 1789, George Douglas, 
Esq. of Cavers, and had a son, born October 10th, 179O; and a. 
daughter, born October 2d^ 1793. 

Eighth, Jane ; and, ninth, Anne. 

His Lordship having been returned in several parliaments as 
one of the sixteen Peers of Scotland, was elevated to the British 
Peerage on June 4th, 1796, by the title of Baron Stuart, of 
Castle Stuart; and dying August 28th, 1810, was succeeded by 
his eldest surviving son, 

Francis, eleventh Earl of Moray, and second Lord Stuart 
of Castle- Stuart- 

His Lordship married, first, January 26th, 1795, Miss Scott, 
daughter ef Major-General Scott, and she dying August 3d, I798, 
he married, secondly, Margaret-Jane, daughter of Sir Philip 
Ainslie, of Pilton. 

His Lordship has issue by both these marriages. 

Titles, Francis Stuart, Earl of Moray, Lord Downe, in Scot- 
land ; and Lord Stuart of Castle Stuart, in Great Britain. 

Creations. Earl of Moray, Feb 10th, 1562; Lord Downe, 
1581, in Great Britain; and Lord Stuart of Castle-Stuart, June 

4th, J 796. 

Arms. Quarterly, first and fourth, or, a lion rampant within 
a double tressure, within a bordure compone, argent and azure; 
second, or, a fess cheeky, argent and azure ; and third, or, three 
escutcheons pendant, within a double tressure, gules. 

Crest. On a wreath, a pelican in her nest feeding her young-. 
' Supporters. Two greyhounds, proper. 

Motto. Salu. per Christum redemptorem., 

Chief Seat. Dunbrisel castle, Fifeshire. 

TOL. VIII. 2. E 



418 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




STEWART, LORD STEWART OF GARLIES. 

(EARL OF GALLOWAY IN SCOTLAND.; 

Great disputes have arisen as to the exact station in the pedigree 
of the royal house of Stewart, which the Earl of Galloway is en- 
titled to hold by the male line. 

These points have been ably elucidated, (and many will think 
settled) by the late celebrated Andrew Stuart, in his Genealogical 
History of the Stewarts, 179^ > 4to. ^ 

Not only does Lord Galloway claim to be the descendant, 
but the representative of the Castelmilk branch ; both which Mr. 
A. Stuart denies ; but the particular position of that branch has 
been mistaken by Crauford, Sympson, Douglas, and others. It 
seems clear that the heir male of the Castelmilk branch, (if any 
such exists since Andrew Stuart's death") is the male representa- 
tive of the house of Stewart, as the next (if not only) collateral 
heir of the house of Darnley. 



a " A Genealogical History of the Stewarts from the earliest period of their 
authentic History to the present Times. Containing a particular account of 
the origin and successive generations of the Stuaris of Darnley, Lennox, and 
Aubigny; and of the Stuarts of Castelmilk; with Proofs and References; 
an Appendix of Relative Papers i and a Supplement, containing copies of 
various Dispensations found in the Vatican at Rome, in the course of a search 
made by the Author in the year 1789; particularly copies of two very inte- est- 
ing Dispensations which had long been sought for in vain, relative to Robert 
the Steward of Scotland (King Robert II.) his much contested marriages with 
Elizabeth More, and Eupheme Ross. To which is prefixed a Genealogical 
Table relative to the History. By Andrew Stuart, Esq. M. P. London, 
1798, 4to." 



LORD STEWART. 419 

Alexander, High Steward of Scotland, who died 1283, 
ast. sixty-nine, left issue a daughter, Elizabeth, married to Wil- 
liam Lord Douglas, surnamed the Hardy j and two sons. 

First, James, the High Steward, who died I30g, father (by 
Cecilia, daughter of Patrick Earl of Dunbar) of Walter, the 
High Steward, who in 1315, married Marjory, daughter of King 
Robert Bruce, and died April 9th, 1326, leaving by her Robert, 
the Steward, afterwards King of Scotland, to which throne he 
ascended in 1371. He died 139O, father of King Robert IIL 
father of King James I. 

Second, Sir John Stewaut, ofBonkyll, (second son of Alex- 
ander the High Steward) born in 1246, married Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Bonkyll, of that ilk, by whom he had several 
sons, heads of great families of the name of Stewart ; known by 
their arms of ihsfess cheeky, lend, and buckles ; the figures which 
Sir John Stewart carried in right of his wife j viz. Or, a/ess cheeky 
azure and argent, charged with three buckles of the first for 
Bonkyll, 

In the battle of Falkirk, fought July 22d, 1298, Sir John 
Stewart, while giving orders to his archers, was thrown from his 
horse and slain 5 and his archers crowding round his body, perished 
with him. '' 

The only daughter of the marriage between Sir John Stewart 
and the heiress ofBonkyll was Isabel, who married the celebrated 
Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, nephew of King Robert Bruce ; 
and with that Lady he got from Sir John Stewart the lands of 
Garlies, which wr,re afterwards given by John, the son and heir 
of Thomas Earl of Moray, to Sir Walter Stewart, of Dalswinton, 
his uncle, as appears by an original charter in the possession of 
the Earl of Galloway. 

Though authors are in general agreed that there werfe many 
sons of the marriage between Sir John Stewart, ofBonkyll, and 
his wife Margaret, yet they are not agreed as to the precise 
number (or indeed order) of those sons. 

Symson, in his History of the Stewarts, published in 1/12^ 
gives the following account of the sons of Sir John Stewart, of 
Bonkyll. 

" First son, Sir Alexander Stewart, ofBonkyll, father to John 
Earl of Angus, of the race of Stewart. 

li See Dahymple's Annals, p- 260; and Memingford's account, tonrj i. 
p. 165. 



420 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

<' Second son^ Str Alan Stewart, of whom the Lords of Derne- 
\ty, Earls and Dukes of Lennox, and their several cadets, 

" Third son. Sir Walter Stewart, to whom King Robert 
Bruce gave a charter of the Barony of Dalswinton, as did Thomas 
Ranulph Earl of Moray give another of the Barony of Garlics ; 
from whom the Earl of Galloway by an heiress. 

" Fourth son. Sir James Stewart, ancestor to Innermeath and 
Graighall ; and from Innermeath, Lorn, Duriideu or Rossyth ; 
from Lorn or Innermeath, the Earls of AthoU and Buchanj the 
Stewarts of Gairntully, Kinnaird, and Alpin, and Innerduning. 
From the Earl of Buchan is the Earl of Traquair, &c. 

" Fifth son, Sir John Stewart, of whose issue I have disco- 
veied nothing from charters. 

" Sixth and seventh sons, Sir Hugh and Sir Robert, men- 
tioned by Hollinshed in his Chronicle of Ireland, anno 1318, 
whose existence I am not to defend " 

Duncan Stewart, in his History of the Stewarts published in 
1739, p. 149, says that Sir John Steward, ofBonkill, brother of 
James the High Steward, had by his wife Margaret, seven sons 
and a daughter, viz. 

'' First, Sir Alexander, of Bonkyll, of whom Angus. 

" Second, Sir Alan, of Dreghorn, of whom Lennox, 

" Third, Sir Walter, of Dalswinton, of whom Galloway, 

"Fourth, Sir James, of Preston and Warwick-hill, of whom 
Lorn. 

" Fifth, Sir John killed with his two brothers Alan and James, 
at Halidon-hill in 1333, and supposed to be predecessor to Castel- 
milk. *^ 

" Sixth, Hugh; and, seventh, Robert." ^ 

Sir Alan Stewart, the second son, was born towards the end 
of the thirteenth cenlnry 3 served in the wars of King Robert 
Bruce, to whose interests he was much and uniformly attached ; 
received from King Robert a grant of the lands of Dregern, or 
Dreghorn, in ihe shire of Air; and from Robert, the Steward of 

Scotland, a permission to purchase the lands of Cruickisfee, or 

c It will presently appear that the Castelmilk branch was descended 
from Sir William, younger son of Sir Alexander, grandson of Sir Alan of 
Dreghorn. 

d Douglas in his peerage nearly agrees with this; except by transposing 
in one place the seniority of Sir James, and Sir John. This Sir John was pro- 
bably the real ancestor of the house of Galloway 



LORD STEWART. 421 

Crulckston, in Renfrewshire, held of the Stewart, beino- the first 
possession acquired by the Stewarts of Dernelcy in that county. 

In the expedition to Ireland in 1315, Sir Alan Stewart having 
accompanied Edward Bruce the brother of King Robert, and Tho- 
mas Randolph Earl of Moray, who was brother-in law of Sir 
Alan Stewart, had his share in the military exploits of that king- 
dom. He is particularly mentioned in John Barbour s History 

^' of the Irish Expedition, p. 300, in the chapter intitled " Earl 
Thomas (Randolp) his Enterprize against the Victuallers from 

• Conyers," in the following lines : 

" And when Earl Thomas perceiving 
Had of their coming and ganging. 
He got him a great company. 
Three hundred horsemen wight and hardy 3 
There was Philip de Moubray, 
And Sir John Stewart also persay. 
And Sir John Stewart also; 
Sir Robert Boyd and others moe." 

Holinshead, having meinioned that " in 1315, Edward Bruce 
entered the north part of Ireland with 6OOO men ;" says that " on 
December 5th, 13l6, Sir Alan Steward, that had been taken pri- 
soner in Ulster by John Logan and Sir John Sandell, was brought 
to the castle of Dublin;" and that " in 1318, Lord John Bir- 
mingham, general of the field on the part of the English, led 
forth the King of England's power, being 1324 able men, against 
Edward Bruce, who being accompanied with the Lord Philip 
Moubray, Lord Walter de Soules, the Lord Alane Stewarde with 
his three brethren ; Sir Walter and Sir Hugh, Sir Robert and 
Sir Amery Laceys and others, was encamped not past two miles 
from Dundalk with 3000 men then abiding the Englishmen to 
fight with them if they came forward ; which they did with all 
convenient speed, being as desirous to give battle as the Scots 
were to receive it." 

Sir Alan was killed at the battle of Halidon-hill, July 19th, 
1333, leaving three sons. 

First, Sir John. 

Second, Sir Walter. 

Third, Sir Alexander, who on the failure of his two elder 
brothers without issue male^ afterwards succeeded to all the estates 
which had belonsed to their father Sir Alan. 



422 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Fourth, Elizabeth, married to Sir John de Hamilton, second 
son to Sir "Walter de Hamilton. 

Sir John Stewart, ot'Darnley, or Cruickiston, eldest son, died 
before January 15th, 1369, leaving a son, Robert, who died 
without issue before 13/1. 

Sir Alexander, ihird son (Sir Walter, the intermediate brother, 
being dead) succeeded finally at Darneley ; and bad a letter of 
safe conduct granted by King Edward HI. of England^ August 
26th, 1374. e He left issue 

Sir Alexander Stewart, of Darnley, who died before 1400, 
having married Janet, or Johanna. Keith, widow of Ha- 
milton, and daughter of Sir William Keith, of Galstoun, by 
whom he had five sons, and a daughter j viz. 

First, Sir John, 

Second, William, who engaged with his brother John in the 
wars of France, and was killed in the same battle with him at the 
siege of Orleans ; ancestor to the Stuarts o/'Castelmilk; and 
whom Lord Galloway also claims for his ancestor. 

Third, Alexander, sometimes designed of Torbane, and some- 
times of Galstoun. 

Fourth, Robert, to whom his father, Sir Alexander, gave the 
lands of Newton of Westoun in the shire of Lanark ; ancestor to 
the Stewarts of Barscnbe, whose male line has failed. 

Fifth, James, who is mentioned in a grant of lands as son of 
Sir Alexander. 

Sixth, Janet, married, ISpi, Thomas de Sommervill, of Carn- 
wath. 

Sir John Stewart, of Darneley, eldest son, married Elizabeth, 
daughter and coheir of Duncan, sixth Earl of Lennox. He went 
to France in 1420, to the assistance of Charles VH. then Dauphin 
of France, when succours were sent from Scotland to that op- 
pressed young Prince. To Sir John Stewart the honour and trust 
of constable of the Scots army was committed ; and in the cele- 
brated victory of Bauge in Anjou, Sir John had a principiil share. 
For these services he obtained a grant of the lands ' of Aubigny, 
in the province of Berry, March 22d, 1422. 

Almost all the French historians mention the presence of Sir 
John Stuart the constable of the French army, and of his brother 
William Stuart, and the exertions made by them during the siege 

e Rymer's Foed. vol. vil. p. 45. 
f From this period this branch spelt their names Stuart. 



LORD STEWART. 423 

of Orleans; in which service he and his brother "Williana both 
lost their lives in the same battle, in February 1428-9. 

By the heiress of Lennox, Sir John Stuart had issue. 

First, Sir Alan, 

Second, Alexander, who died without male issue. 

Third, John, who had an only son, Bernard. 8 

Sir Alan, eldest son, was treacherously slain at Linlithgow, 
by Sir Thomas Boyd, of Kilmarnock, in 1439. He married 
Catherine, daughter of Sir William Seton, of Seton, and had two 
sons. 

First, John, Lord Darnley. 

Second, Alexander Stuart, of Galston. 

John, eldest son, was created a Lord of Parlicnent about 
1401, by the title of Lord Darnley ; and created Earl of Lennox 
about 1488. He died after July 8th, 1493, having married Mar- 
garet, daughter of Alexander Lord Montgomery. By her he had 
issue. 

First, Matthew, his successor. 

Second, Robert, Lord D'Aubigny. 

Third, William, captain of the Scotch gens d'armes in 
France. 

Fourth, John Stuart, of Glanderston. 

And it is supposed two more sons, Alexander and Alan, 

The daughters were. 

First, Elizabeth, married to Archibald Earl of Argyle. 

Second, Marion, married to Robert Lord Crichton, of San- 
quhar, ancestor to the Earls of Dumfries. 

Third, , married to Sir Murray, of TuUi- 

bardin. 

Fourth, Janet, married to Ninian Lord Ross. 

Fifth, , married to Sir John Colquhoun, of Luss. 

Matthew, eldest son, second Earl of Lennox, was slain at the 
battle of Flodden-field, September gth, 1513. He married Eliza- 
beth Hamilton, daughter of James Earl of Anan, by Lady Mary 
Stuart, sister of King James ilL By her he had issue. 

First, William, Master of Lennox, who married Lady Mar- 
garet Graham, daughter of William Earl of Montrose, but died 
without issue. 

Second, John, his heir. 

g Celebrated by Sir John Beaumont in his BattU of Bosivorth. 



424 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Thirdj Margaret, married to John Lord Fleming ; and after to 
Alexander Douglas, of Mains. 

Fourth, Elizabeth, married to Sir Hugh Campbell, of Lou- 
doun, ancestor to the Countess of Loudoun. 

Fifth, Agnes, wife of William Edmondston, of Duntreath, 
and had issue. 

Which JoHX, third Earl of Lennox, was appointed one of the 
lords of the regency by King James V. anno 1524; but the Earl of 
Angus taking upon himself the whole administration, and detain- 
ing the young King upon the matter a prisoner, this Earl with 
divers others of the nobility endeavouring his Majesty's enlarge- 
ment, was slain in the attempt by Sir James Hamilton, at a con- 
flict near Linlithgow bridge, on September 4th, 1526. '' By 
Anne, his wife, daughter of John Steuart, Earl of Athol, he had. 

First, Matthew, the next Earl, 

Second, Robert, Bishop of Caithness, thereafter Earl of 
Lennox. 

Third, John, Lord d'Aubigny, who was captain of the Scots 
gens d' arms, and governor of Avignon, of whom descended the 
Dukes of Lennox. 

Likewise a daughter, Helen, married first to Andrew, Earl of 
Errol, and thereafter to John, Earl of Sutherland. 

Matthew , fourth Earl of Lennox, like other great men of 
that age, betook himself to arms, and served the crown of France 
in the wars of Italy, where his gallant behaviour procured him a 
very great name and reputation. He was always in very high 
esteem with his own prince, King James V. for bis father's sake, 
after whose death he was sent over from France, to prevent any 
detriment to that crown by the minority of the young Queen ; 
but being a frank and open-hearted person, he fell into the snare 
laid by Cardinal Beaton, Bishop of St, Andrews, for him, and in 
a little time lost the French King's favour ; and when it was come 
to that pass, that he could neither stay at home, nor return to 
France with safety, he went into England anno 1543, and put 
himself under the protection of Henry VIH. who generously re- 
ceived him into his favour, and gave him his neice. Lady Mar- 
garet Douglas, in marriage, and an estate in England, to the value 
of seventeen hundred merks sterling per annum, as an equivalent 
for his own fortune, which was forfeited in Scotland ; and this 

i> Memoirs of the affairs of Scotland MS. penes me Craufurd. 



LORD STEWART. 425 

agreement the Earl made with that Prince, that he should deliver 
into his hands the castle of Dumbartoun, with the isle of Bute 
and the castle of Rothesay, ' which though the Earl resolutely 
undertook, yet the success did not answer. He lived at the court 
of England till 1563, when he was called home by Queen Mary, 
and his forfeiture repealed by act of parliament, after he had been 
Banished from his country for twenty years. 

His son Henry, Lord Darnley, soon followed him ; and being 
a young nobleman of illustrious birth, extremely handsome, and 
of a temper as well mixed as his outward proportions. Queen 
Mary at first sight became so enamoured of him, that neither the 
menaces of Queen Elizabeth, nor any other considerations, could 
deter her from marrying him, when, to render him the titter 
match for her, she raised him to the dignity of Duke of jillany. 
After this, when he had not been above five months in Scotland, 
and did not exceed his nineteenth year, she married him, and 
with the consent of most of the peers declared him King, of 
which happy marriage, upon June 19th, 1566, to the perpetual 
advantage of all Britain, her Majesty was delivered of a son. King 
James VI. first monarch of Great Britain. 

But though the Queen's love to the Lord Darnley at first had 
been very warm, yet it began soon afterwards as much to cool 
towards him, the unkindness between them being chiefly foniented 
by one David Rizio an Italian, her secretary for the French 
tongue, which indignity the King revenged, by entering into the 
cabal with those who contrived and murdered the poor old roan, 
with circumstances that were not at all allowable ; and it is pro- 
bable, that it was in resentment of Rizio's death, that the Earl of 
Bothwel and others, officiously, as thinking it might gratify the 
Queen, most inhumanly murdered this lovely Prince, in his own 
lodgings as he lay abed, on February pth, 1567j though Both- 
wel, who was the murderer, did maintain the Queen's innocency 
to his last moments : and I think there was no other ground for 
believing the Queen to be concerned in that foul action, but her 
imprudent marrying that profligate person so soon thereafter, who, 
by common fame, was reputed to be the murderer of her hus- 
band. 

Upon the death of King Henry, the Earl of Lennox, his father, 
prosecuted the Earl of Bothwel as the regicide j but that Earl's 
interest at court so overruled the jury, that he was formally ac- 

• Rymer's Foedera Anglise. 



426 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

quitted of all suspicion as well as action in the murder, which 
Lennox was forced to acquiesce in^ and from that time forth he 
lived in retirement till the death of the Earl of Murray the regent, 
that he was unanimously chosen Regent to the young King, James 
VL his grandson J which great trust he executed for thirteen 
months, till he was murdered by a party of the Queen's friends, 
on September4th, 1571.*^ He was interred in the chapel within 
the castle of Stirling, with this inscription on his tomb : 

Lo here a Prince and Potentate, 

Whose Life to understand 
"Was good, he Just and Fortunate, 

Though from his Native Land 
His Enemirs Thrice did him out-thring. 

He Thrice return'd again ; 
Was lawful Tutor to the King, 

And Regent did remain. 
While he with Rigor Rebels rackt. 

They wrought his fatal End. 
Lo this Respects the Death, no Might, 

When God permits the Time : 
Yet shall the Vengeance on them light 

That wrought this cursed crime. 

George Buchanan, his very humble servant, who had a great 
attachment to his Lordship and his family, has left us the follow- 
ing epitaph on the Regent, in a more polite strain : 

Regis avus. Regis Pater, alto e sanguine Regum 

Imperio quorum terra Britanna subest, 
Matthaeus : genuit Levinia, Gallia fovit, 

Pulso Anglus thalamum, renique decusque dedit. 
Coepi invicta manu, famam virtute refelli, 

Arma armis vici, consilioque dolos. 
Gratus in ingratos, patriam justeque pieque 

Cum regerem, hostili perfidia cecidi. 
Care nepos, spes una domus, meliore senectam 

Attingas fato, caetera dignus avo. 

To Matthew Earl of Lennox, succeeded 
^ Buckanan's History. 



LORD STEWART. 427 

Charles, his second son, fifth Earl of Lennox. He took to 
wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Cavendish, sister to the 
Earl of Devonshire, by whom he had one dauort^ter. 

Lady Arabella Stuart, who was married to William Marquis 
of Hartford, but had no issue. 

He died a young man at London, anno 15/6, where he was 
interred with this inscription over his grave : 

Hie situs est 
Carolus Comes Lennoxiae qui duxit filiam Wil- 
lielmi Cavendish Militis, ex qua cum ArabelJam 
unicam filiam suscepisset, diem obiit anno aetatis 
suae 21, et Salutis humanae 1576. 

To Charles Earl of Lennox succeeded Robert, bishop of 
Caithness, his uncle, sixth Earl. This noble person being at first 
a younger brother, applied himself to learning, and devoting him- 
self to the service of the church, entered young into orders. He 
was elected bishop of Caithness, anno 1542 j' but taking part 
with his brother, the Earl of Lennox, against the Earl of Arran, the 
governor, he was forfeited, and lived mostly in exile, till, in 1563, 
he returned to his native country, and concurred in reformino- the 
church from the errors of popery, though not as a bishop, and 
turned protestant himself. He did not long retain the title of 
Earl of Lennox, but voluntarily resigned it in favour of Esme, 
Lord d' Aubigny, his great nephew ; and in lieu thereof had the 
style and title of Earl of March conferred on him by Kino- James 
VI. his nephew^ together with the priory of St. Andrew's, which 
he enjoyed till death took him away on August 2C)th, 15S6, "• 
leaving no other issue than a natural daughter, Margaret, married 
to Robert Algoe, of Easter Walkingshaw. 

When Robert, Earl of Lennox, resigned the Earidom, as 
before mentioned, his Majest}', King James VI. erected it into a 
Duchy in favour of 

Esme, Lord d' Aubigny, hh cousin, son and heir of John Lord 
d 'Aubigny, brother of Matthew Earl of Lennox, who became 
seventh Earl, and coming over from France anno 15/9, his Ma- 
jesty, King James, embraced his Lordship with singular kindness, 
admitted him into his inwardest councils, and made him Duke of 
Lennox, and lord high chamberlain of Scotland, anno 15S0. This 

1 Rymer's Foedera Anglias. ^ Spotiswood's Church Histary. 



428 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

extraordinary favour of his with the King, procured him envy 
from many vi^ho secretly muttered that he being a man most de- 
voted to the Romish religion, was sent from France to subvert the 
true religion j and that which increased the suspicion the more, 
was, that he applied himself, and gave countenance to those who 
were most in the interest of the King's mother; so that William 
Earl of Govvrie, and others, employed all their wits to remove 
him from the King, and thus they went to work. 

The Duke having gone from Perth, where the King then lay, 
to Edinburgh, to exercise his jurisdiction as chamberlain, Gowrie 
and others taking the opportunity when he was out of the way, 
invited the King to Ruthven castle, Gowrie's own house, and 
there detained him against his will ; all his most faithful servants 
they removed from him, constrained him to call home the Earl of 
Angus and others from banishment, and to send Lennox back 
again to France. The Duke being a man of a very mild spirit, 
did for the public quiet's sake, and at the King's seeming persua- 
sion (which they had forced him to use with him), return to 
France, where, he soon after contracting sickness, died at Paris, 
May 26th, 1583 : and at the point of death openly professed, as 
he had done before, the protestant religion, confuting thereby 
the malice of those who had falsely defamed him to be a papist. 
He married Catherine, daughter of William Seigneur d' Antrague^ 
by whom he had. 

First, Lodovick, Duke of Lennox. 

Second, Esme, Lord d' Aubigny. 

Third, Lady Henrietta, married to George, first Marquis of 
Huntley, of whom his Grace the Duke of Gordon is descended. 

Fourth, Lady Mary, second wife to John Earl of Mar, lord 
high treasurer of Scotland in the reign of King James VI. of 
which illustrious marriage the lineal heir is David Earl of Buchan 

No sooner was the Duke of Lennox dead, but King James 
called over from France 

Lodovick, his son, second Duke, and in grateful remembrance 
to the memory and merit of his father, gave him both the estate 
and offices that had belonged to his ancestors, taking care like- 
wise to have him educated according to his noble birth and for- 
tune, and by degrees advanced him to honour and preferments, as 
he grew in years. He was both high chamberlain and admiral of 
Scotland when his Majesty sent him ambassador to France, anno 
1601 ; in which negotiation he behaved very well, and to his 
Majesty's satisfaction. Upon the Kings accession to the crown 



LORD STEWART. 429 

of England, his Grace accompanied his Majesty into that realm, 
where he was hkewise made a peer, first by the title of Earl of 
Newcastle, and thereafter raised to the honour of Duke of 
Richmond, being likewise master of the household, first gentle- 
man of the bed-chamber, and knight of the most noble order of 
the Garter. He married, first, Sophia, daughter of William Earl 
ofGowriej next, Jane, daughter of Sir Matthew Campbel, of 
Lowdon ; and last of all, Frances, daughter of Thomas, Viscount 
of Bindon of the kingdom of England, and dying without issue, 
February 11th, l623, was interred at Westminster, where a 
stately tomb was erected to his memory with this epitaph upon it : 

Depositum illustri.ssimi et excellentissimi Principis Ludovici 
Stuarti Esmei Leviniae Ducis filii, Joannis Propatrui serenissimi 
Regis Jacobi Nepotis, Richmondiae et Levinise Ducis, Novi Cas- 
telli ad Tinam, et Darnliae Comitis, &c. Magni Scotiae Camerarii 
et Thalassiarche Haereditarii, sacri Palatii Jacobi Regis Senescalli, 
Cubiculariorumque Principalium prinji, Regi a sanctioribus Con- 
ciliis, sanct. Georgiani ordinis equ. Scoticorumque per Gallias 
Cataphractorum Praefecti, viri excelsi ad omnia magna et bona 
nati, ad meliora defuncti : vixit annos 4g, menses 4, dies 17. 

To Ludovick, Duke of Lennox, succeeded 

EsME, Lo7-d d' Aubigfiy, third Duke of Lennox, and second 
Duke of Richmond. He had been created Eakl of March, 
June 17th, 1620, and enjoyed the honour but a short time, his 
death happening on February 14th, l624, leaving issue by Cathe- 
rine, his wife, daughter and sole heir of Gervase, Lord Clifton of 
Leigliton BromswoJd, in England. 

First, James, his successor in the honour. 

Second, George, Lord d'Aubigny, who lost his life in the 
King's service at the battle of Keinton-, October 23d, 1642, 
leaving issue by Frances, his wife, daughter of Theophilus Earl of 
Suffolk, Charles, his son, who was honoured by King Charles I. 
with the title of Earl of Lichfied, upon the demise of Bernard 
Earl of Lichfield, his uncle; and a daughter Catherine, married 
to Henry Lord O'Brian, son and heir of Henry Earl of Thomond, 
of the kingdom of L-eland, by whom he had one daughter, Cathe- 
rine, married to Edward Earl of Clarendon : from whom is de- 
scended the present Earl of Darnhy, who thence inherits the 
Bakony of Clifton. 

Third, Etrnard, who had the command of the King's troop of 



430 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

guards in the time of the civil war, and was slain fighting bravely 
at the battle of Chester, 16*5, whom the Earl of Clarendon cha- 
racterises thus; " He was," says he, " a very faultless young 
man, of a most gentle, courteous, and affable nature, and of a 
spirit and courage invincible ; whose loss," continues he, " all 
men exceedingly lamented, and the King bore it with extraor- 
dinary grief," 

Fourth, Lord John Stuart, who was general of the horse in 
the King's service in the time of the civil war, being the third 
brother of this illustrious family that sacrificed their lives in this 
quarrel j for he was killed at the battle of Alresford, little more 
than twenty-one years of age ; whose courage was so signal that 
day, that too much, says an historian of that time, could not be 
expected from it if he had outlived it, and he was so generally 
beloved, that he could not but be very generally lamented. 

Lady Elizabeth, his eldest daughter, was married to Thomas 
Howard, Earl of Arundel. 

Lady Anne, to Archibald Lord Angus, son and heir to Wil- 
liam, first Marquis of Douglas. 

Lady Frances, to Jerome Weston, Earl of Portland. 

James, fourth Duke of Lennox , and third Duke of Rich- 
mond, as he was of the noblest extraction, so his Majesty, King 
Charles I. took great care of his education, and sent him to France, 
Italy, and Spain, where he was created a Grandee of that king- 
dom J " and as soon as he returned, though he was scarce twenty- 
one years of age, made him a privy. counsellor : and as he had 
many great offices by inheritance, so his Majesty, out of his abun- 
dant kindness to him, made him master of the household, lord 
warden of the cinque-ports, and knight of the most noble order 
of the Garter. 

When the war began in l642, he adhered to the King's in- 
terest with signal fidelity and affection, and made so entire a re- 
signation of himself to his Majesty, that he abhorred all artifices 
to shelter himself from the prejudice of those, who, how powerful 
soever, failed in their duty to the King, and therefore he was pur- 
sued with all imaginable malice by them, as one that would have 
no quarter ; and as he had received great bounties from the King, 
so he sacrificed all he had to his service, as soon as his occasions 
stood in need of it, and he lived with unspotted fidelity some years 
after the murder of his master, and was suffered by those that 

n Clarendon's History. 



LORD STEWART. 431 

then governed to pay that last duty to h\tn of putting him into his 
grave, and died without the comfort of seeing the restoration of 
the crown on March 30th, \655. " By iMary, daughter of George 
Duke of Buckingham, his wife, he had 

EsME, fifih Duke of Lennox, and fourth Duke of Rich- 
mond, who succeeded him, and died in his minority, anno l66o- 
and a daughter, Mary, married to Richard Butler, Earl of Arran, 
of the kingdom of Ireland. 

To Esme, Duke of Lennox, succeeded 

Chakles Earl of Lichfield, his cousin-german, who thus 
became fifth Duke of Richmond. 

Being sent ambassador extraordinary from King Charles IL 
to the crown of Denmark, his Grace died at Elseneur in that 
kingdom, December 21st, 1672,? leaving no issue by Frances, 
his wife, daughter of Walter Stuart, "Esq. son of Walter Lord 
Blantyre, so that the honour of this princely family became ex- 
tinct, and his great fortune and hereditary offices came to Kino- 
Charles IL as his nearest heir male, the King's greatgrandfather's 
father and the Duke's being two brothers."! 



CASTELMILK BRANCH. 

It has been already mentioned, that Sir John Stewart, of 
Derneley, son of Sir Alexander Stewart and Dame Janet Keith, 
lost his life at the siege of Orleans, 1428-9; and that he was an- 
cestor of the Earls and Dukes of Lennox. It has been likewise 
shewn that he had a brother, 

o Dugdale's Baronage of England- P Ibid. 

<l But his Majesty considering with what lustre and glory the house of 
Lennox had shone in former timesi and that while the dignity was in his Ma- 
jesty's own royal person, it was suppressed in the crown ; therefore, that the 
honour might be again revived, and his Majesty having bestowed the estate of 
Lennox upon the Lord Charles Lennox, one of his natural sons, whom he so 
surnamed by Lovisa de Querovale, Duchess of Portsmouth, was pleased to 
create him Duke of Lennox, Earl of Darneley, Lord Torboltoun, September 
9th, 1675, and to the heirs male lawfully descending of his body. * Likewise 
by other letter^ patent passed in England, August gth, 27 of King Charles II. 
he was created Baron of Settrington, Earl of March, and Duke of Richmond, 
and on April aoth, 1681, was installed Knight of the Garter. 



Charta in publ- Arch. 



432 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sir William Stewart, who lost his life in the same battle. 
This William went to France with his brother, and during many 
years distinguished himself in military exploits. See the circum- 
stances of the death of these brothers related in a very interest- 
ing manner in " Aurelice Urbis Anglicana Obsidio Autore Joanne 
Lodocie MicfjueUo,'' 1560, l631, as extracted by Andrew Stuart, 
p. 154, 155, 156, 157, 

Sir William Stewart, of Castelmilke, is mentioned in Ryviers 
Foedera in 1398, as one of the sureties given on the part of Scot- 
land for the preservation of the peace of the western marches be- 
tween England and Scotland. 

Andrew Stuart has endeavoured, in a large mass of satisfac- 
factory circumstantial evidence, to shew the identity of this last 
mentioned Sir William Stewart with Sir William Stewart, the 
brother of Sir John of Derneley, who was slain at Orleans. The 
detail of his facts and arguments is too long to be inserted here : 
and therefore whoever is curious about it, must refer to the book 
itself. I here assume the fact of the identity, because the proofjf 
are satisfactory to my own mind. 

Sir William Stuart, of Castelmilk, left four sons. 

Firt, David Stuart, of Castelmilk and Tunnart, living 1446; 
who died before 1404, leaving a son Alexander, who was also 
dead, before that year, without male issue. 

Second, Archibald, who succeeded his nephew in the Castel- 
milk estate. He left a son, William, who was in possession of 
the Castelmilk estate before 1467, and died before 1470, leaving 
a daughter, Elizabeth, who married Robert de Carrutbers. 

Third, Matthew, of whom presently. 

Fourth, Walter, of Arthurley, who in a charter from the 
«rown in 1439, is described son of the deceased Sir William 
Stuart, of Castelmilk, Knight. 

Matthew Stuart, third son, succeeded his nephew William 
in the Castelmilk estate. He died 1474, leaving two sons, Wil- 
liam and John. 

William Stuart, of Castelmilk, continued possessed of that 
estate till his death in 1495. He left two sons, Alexander, 
and John ; and a daughter, Marion, who married Alan Stuart, a 
younger son of John Earl of Lennox. 

Alexander Stuart, of Castelmilk, eldest son, was alive in 
1512 J and is supposed to have died about 1523, or 1524. He 
left two sons, Archibald and James. 



I 



LORD STEWART. 433 

Archibald Stuart, of Castelmilk, eldest son, was alive ip. 
1541 ; but died before July, 1543. He had a son and heir, 

Archibald Stuart, the younger, of Castelmilk, who died 
before his father, having married Margaret Maxwell j and leaving 
issue. 

First, David, of zuhom presently . 

Second, Alexander, ofCraigs, tutor of Castelmilk, who left 
three daughters, his' coheiresses. 

Third, John, rector of the college of Glasgow from 1545 to 
1550, who died without issue. 

David Stuart, of Castelmilk, eldest son, appears to have died 
cither in 1556', or early in 1557. He left two sons, Alan, and 
Archibald. 

First, Alan Stuart, eldest son, succeeded his father ; but died 
without issue in 155/. 

Second, Archibald Stuart, of Castelmilk, who died in lC)12_, 
having married Janet Stuart, daughtei- of Sir John Stuart, of 
Minto, and sister of Walter, first Lord Blantyrc: she died l6l3. 
They had issue one son, Archibald, and four daughters ; Mar- 
garet, married first to John Stuart, of Blackhall and Ardgowanj 
and secondly, to Matthew Wallace, of Garscadden : Elizabeth, 
wife of Alexander Cunningham, of Craig-ends ; Johanna, married 
to John Wallace, of Cairnhillj and Mary, married to Nichol 
-Cornwall, of Bonhard. 

Sir Archibald Stuart, of Castelmilk, only son, died July 
12th, 1(560, having married Anne Semple, daughter of Robert 
Lord Semple. She died in December, .16"31. By her he had. 

First, Archibald, of whom presently. 

Second, James Stuart, of Torrance, of whom afterwards, as 
ancestor to the late Andrew Stuart. 

Third, Janet, married to John Hamilton, of Udston, Esq. 

Archibald Stuart, elJest son, died before his father in May 
l643, having married, in l5'34. Lady Mary Fleming, daughter of 
John, Earl of VVigtoun ; by whom he left one son, Archibald; 
and one daughter, Anne, married to John Crawford, eldest son 
of John Crawfurd, of Crawfurdland, Esq. 

Sir Archibald Stuart, of Castelmilk, only sou, succeeded his 
g-randfather, and was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia, Februarj' 
2gth, 1668. He died in l681, leaving four sons, and two 
daughters. 

First, Sir William. 

Second, Archibald, died unmarried. 

TOL. VIII. i F 



434 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Third, Daniel, married the eldest daughter of Sir George 
Wishart, Bart, and left two sonsj George, who died unmarried j 
and Sir William, who having succeeded to Sir George Wishart's 
Baronetage, died at Paris without issue. Daniel had also two 
daughters ; of whom Delce, the youngest, died unmarried ; and 
Mary married John Belsches, Esq. of Invermay, who had by her 
a daughter, Amilia, who married Dr. William Belsches, who was 
father by her of Sir John Belsches, Bart. 

Fourth, James Stuart, died unmarried. 

Sir William Stuart, second Baronet, (eldest son) died in 
November, 1/15, having married Margaret, daughter and sole 
heiress of John Crawford, of Milton, Esq. by whom he had two 
sons, Aichibald and John ; and a daughter, Margaret, married to 
John Belsches, of Invermay, Esq. by whom she had John Belsches, 
of Invermay, Esq. 

Sir AuoHiBALD Stuart, eldest son, third Baronet, died January 
5th, 1763, having married Frances, daughter of James Stirling, 
of Keir, Esq. by whom he left an only daughter and heir, Anne, 
married to her cousin. Sir John Stuart, of Castelmilk, Bart. 

Sir John Stuart, succeeded his brother as fourth Baronet. He 
married Helen, daughter of John Orr, Esq. of Barrowfield, and 
died April 1st, 1781, leaving three sons, and three daughters. 

First, Sir John, his successor. 

Second, William Stuart Crawfurd, who died November 24th, 
1783, unmarried. 

Third, Francis Stuart Crawfurd, who died January lith, 
1793, unmarried. 

Fourth, Helen, died November, 17S7> unmarried. 

Fifth, Margaret, married to Colin Rae, Esq. of Little Gowan, 
and on the death of her brother Francis, succeeded to the estate 
at Milton, and took the name of Crawfurd. 

Sixth, Jane, married William Stirling, of Keir, Esq. 

Sir John Stuart, eldest son, Jifth Baronet, married his cousin 
Anne, only daughter of his uncle. Sir Archibald, and died Ja- 
nuary 18th, 1797, without issue : by which the title expired. 

We now return to 

James Stuart, of Torrance, already mentioned, second son of 
Sir Archibald Stuart, of Castelmilk^ who died 166O, by his wife, 
Anne Semple. This James married a daughter of Sir Alexander 
Cunningham, of Corsehill, Bart, and died in l6gO, aged seventy- 
six, leaving one son. 



LORD STEWART. 435 

Alexander Stuart, of Torrance, who married Isabel, eldest 
daughter of Sir Patrick Nisbet, of Dean, Bart. He died in 1733, 
having had issue by her seven sons, and three daughters 5 viz. 
Agnes, married to Matthew Crawfurd, merchant in Glasgow ; 
Margaret, married to Alexander Inglis Hamilton, Esq.; and 
Christian, married to Sir William Maxwell, of Calderwood, 
Bart. 

Of the seven sons, only three survived their father; viz. 

First, James Stuart, of Torrance, lieutenant-colonel of the 
third regiment of foot-guards ; and one of the gentlemen ushers 
of King George I. : died unmarried in 1748. 

Second, Patrick Stuart, of Torrance, captain in the royal 
regiment of foot; and sometime member of parliament for the 
county of Lanark ; died unmarried in 1760. 

Third, Archibald Stuart, of Torrance, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Andrew Myreton, of Gorgar, Bart, and died in 
November 1767, leaving three sons, and three daughters; viz. 
Janet, married to Thomas Earl of Dundonald; Isabel, married to 
Sir Robert Henderson, of Fordel, Bart. ; and Elizabeth, married 
to William Binning, of Pilmuir, advocate. The sons were. 

First, Alexander Stuart, oi Torrance, eldest son, married 
Elizabeth Nisbet, daughter of John Nisbet, of Nortbrield, Esq. 
and died March 23d, 1796, without issue. 

Second, Andrew Stuart, of Torrance, heir to his brother; 
many years represented in parliament the county of Lanark, and 
afterwards for the borough of Weymouth. He was author of the 
Genealogical History of the Stewarts, 1798, here abridged; and 
celebrated for the part he took in the Douglas cause ; and his 
Letters to Lord Mansjield. On the death of his cousin, Sir John 
Stuart, of Castelmilk, 1797> he claimed to be, in right of the 
above descent, the representative and heir male of the Derneley 
and Lennox families, after the death of Cardinal York. He mar- 
ried Margaret Stirling, daughter of Sir William Stirling, of Ardoch, 
Bart, but died without issue. May l6th, J SOI j and his widow 
remarried the late Sir William Pulleney, Bart. 

Third, James Stuart, major-general, and colonel of the thirty- 
first regiment of foot, married Lady Margaret Hume, daugluer of 
Hugh, Earl of Marchmont; died February 2d, 1793, without 
issue. 



4S6 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 



GALLOWAY BRANCH. 

About two years before Mr. Andrew Stuart's Genealogical 
History was published, the late Earl of Galloway printed and cir- 
culated a paper, entitled, "A View of the Evidence for proving 
that the present Earl of Galloway is the lineal heir male and law- 
ful representative of Sir William Stuart of Jedworth, so fre- 
quently mentioned in history from 1385 to 1429." In that paper 
it is contended, that Sir William Stuart, of Jedworth, and Sir 
William Stuart, of Castelmilk, (the younger brother of Sir John 
Stuart, of Derncley) were the same person; and that Sir William 
Stuart, of Jedworth, was the proprietor of the estate of Jedworth 
in Tiviotdalc, and of the estate of Castelmilk in Annandale. 

Having assumed this, he states that Sir John Stuart, who 
married the heiress of Stuart, of Dalswinton, was his eldest son ; 
and Sir William Stuart, of Castelmilk, from whom the Stuarts of 
Castelmilk were descended, the second son. 

Andrew Stuart contends, that dates are fatal to this identity 
between Sir William Stuart, of Jedworth, and Sir William Stuart, 
of Castelmilk, who died at the siege of Orleans 1428-9. For the 
following reasons he assigns the date of the death of Sir William 
Stuart, of Jedworth, to have been not later than 1403. 

This is built on the assumption, that the following passages in 
history belong to Sir William Stuart, of Jedworth, as surely they 
appear to do. 

Sir William Stuart, of the Forest, which Mr. Stuart says is 
the same as, of Jedworth or Jedworth Forest, had been taken pri- 
, soner by Hotspur (Percy) at the battle of Homildon on September 
l4th, 1402; and was soon thereafter, at his instigation, tried, 
condemned, and executed, as guilty of high treason against the 
King of England, on pretence that he was a subject of that mo- 
narch, having in his early youth belonged to the county of Teviot- 
dale, while it was subject to the English crown. The particulars 
of his trial, condemnation, and execution, are minutely related in 
the Scotichronicon, vol. ii. p. ^34,'" where it is mentioned that Sir 

r " Captus ibi fuit valens Miles, et inter sapientes primus, Domhius 
WiUiclmus Stuart de Foresta ; et coram Domino Henrico Percy juniore de tra- 
ditione falso adjudicatus, pro eo, qiiod, Cum puer esset, antequam Tlicvidalia 
venitad pacem regis, ipse sicut ceteri de patria, Anglicatus erat et de necessi- 
^te ; de hoc acrius acciisatus, sed sagaciter sua propria perorajione defensus. 



LORD STEWART. 437 

William Stuart, of the Forest, had very ably pleaded his own 
cause, and that he had been acquitted by the three first juries ap- 
pointed to try him J but that a fourth jury was assembled, which 
very unjustly condemned him. 

The same facts are related by JVinton in his Chronicle of Scot- 
land, printed a few years since from the old MSS. which had 
always been held in great estimation. 

After mentioning the battle of Homildon, there is the follow- 
ing passage : 

" Schire William Stewart of Teuidale 

That day wes tane in that batale, •>•■ 

And ane uther gud sqwyere. 

That be name wes cald Thorn Kere. 

This Schire Henry de Percy 

Tha twa demaynit unlauchfully : 

As in jugemente sittand he 

Gert thir twa accusit be, 

That thir twa before then 

Had bene the King of Ynglandis men. 

And armyt agane hym ware : for-thi 

Thai ware accusit of tratowry. 

Sua in coloure of justis. 

Set it wes nane, he rasit assis. - • 

Ane assis first maid thaim qwyte; 

Bot this Percy wyth mare dispyte 

To this assis ekyt then 

Mare malitious felone men. 

That durst nocht do, but all as he ' 

Wald ; swa behovit it to be. 

Than accusit he thir twa men 

Sarare fer, than before then. 

Be this accusatioune 

Of dede thai tholit the passioune : 

And of ther quarteris he gert be set 

Sum in-til York upon the yet. 

trcs Anglorum assisas tanquam immunis evasit ; sed et dictus Percy, qui 
Hotspur dicebatur, inveterata excandescens malitice probitati nimirem, et sapi- 
entiae niilitis invidens, non passus est ipsum sic libertate donari ; sed et de as- 
sentatoribus suis nova assi.a electa prsepropeie, et perperam condemnatur, et 
tanquam traditor, tractus et dcmembratus innocens martyr pro justitia passus 
a plerisque etiam Anglis reputatus est." 



438 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

In-til Yngland wes a man 
That oft oisit to speke than 
Syndry thingis, or thaf tell, 
Bot of quhat spirite, I can-nocht tell : 
Quhen he hard, as this wes done, 
Quhare hym likyt, he said rychtsone; 
' Men may happyn for to se, 
' Or a yere be gane, that he, 
• That gert yone lym be yondyr set 
*■ Vow apon yon ilke yhet, 
' His awyn lym to be ryght swa, 
.' Swa may fal the gamyn to ga.' 
And swa it hapynt that deid done. 
As yhe sal here eftyr sone." 

It seems therefore as if it must be admitted, that Sir William 
Stuart, of Jedworth, was executed immediately after the battle of 
Homildon in 1402. 

It seems most probable, that Sir William Stuart, of Jedworth, 
was descended from Sir John Stuart, of Jedworth, a younger son 
of Sir John Stuart, of Bo7z^^//, mentioned in the earlier part of 
this pedigree. 

Sir William was a great and distinguished character in those 
days, and so eminent both in Scotland and England, that what re- 
lated to him must easily have been known. 

Sir John Stuart^ his son and heir, married Marian, the 
heiress of Sir Walter Stuart, of Dalswinton, * descended from Sir 
Walter Stuart, third son of Sir John Stuart, of Bonkyll. 

s Sir Walter Stuart, of Dalswinton, was one of those patriots who 
joined King Robert Bruce, and performed many gallant actions against the 
enemies of his country ; for which he obtained a grant of the lands and barony 
of Dalswinton. He was succeeded by his son, 

Sir John Stuart, of Dalswinton, who seems to have been a very consi- 
derable person, both on the account of his birth, and the many lands he held 
in divers counties, since we find by the transactions with the English, in the 
Foedera published by Mr Rymer, that this John was given one of the hostages 
for the ransom of King David Bruce in 1357- His son was, 

Sir Walter Stuart, Lord of Dalswinton, who made a great figure in 
the time of Robert II. and III. 

He having no male issue of his body, in 1396 married his only daughter * 
to John Stuart, son and heir of Sir William Stuart, sherifFof Teviotdale, as in 
the text. 

* The original contract is still extant in the lawyers- library at Edinburgh, 



LORD STEWART. 439 

They with consent and assent of each others in 1418, * give 
to Sir John Stuart, Lord Grytoun, the barony of Gallic, in co- 
mitatu Gallovidiae, which is all I have found niemorable concern- 
ing him, * save that he left a son. 

Sir William Stuart, of Dalswinton, who made a considerable 
figure in the reign of King James II.' by whom he was made a 
knight, anno 1443. " He had issue by Eupheme Grahame, three 
sons. 

First, Alexander, his successor. 

Second, Sir Thomas Stuart, of Minto, Knight, ancestor to 
the present Lord Blantyre. " 

Third, Walter, of whom came? the Stuarts of Tongrie. 

Which Alexander Stuart, of Garlics, obtained a grant of the 
Barony of Dalswinton, upon the resignation of Sir William, his 
father, January 13th, 1453, '• and in 1465, he resigns sundry lands 
in Teviotdale in favour of Alexander Scot, of Howpaslet. He 
died 1477. By Elizabeth Stuart, his wife, he had issue. 

First, John, his eldest son, who died without succession j =* 

Second, Sir Alexander, his successor, who departing this 
life anno 1400, ^ left issue by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Archi- 
bald Douglas, of Cavers. 

First, Alexander. 

Second, Walter, of Barclay. 

And Agnes, who was married to John Lord Maxwel, "^ and 
had issue ; and Janet, who married John Dunbar, of Mochrum. 

Which Sir Alexander was knighted in the time of King 
James IV. being then a powerful Baron. He was slain at the battle 
of Flodden, September pth, 1513, leaving issue, by Elizabeth 
Kennedy, a son, Alexander, to succeed himj and sixteen 
daughters. 

This Sir Alexander Stuart, of Garlics, was much favoured 
by King James V. of whose privy -council he was. He was sent 

s Genealogy of the family of Garlics by Mr. David Simson, in the cus- 
tody of Alexander Bailie, Esq- 

t Dame Marian survived him, and remarried Sir John Forrcsteri of Cors- 
torphin, Great Chamberlain of Scotland. 

u Charta in Rotulis Jacobi III. 
X Ibid, in rotulis dicti regis ad annum, 1476. 
^ Simson's MS of the house of Garlies. 
z Charta in publicis archivis 
s Chaita Jacobi III Joaiini Steuart filio et haeredi apparenti Alexandri 
Steuart de Garlies et Elizabethce Shaw sponsae suae 20 Octob. 1477- 
b Simson's Collections: Douglas says 1501. 
c Genealogy of the family of Maxwel. 



440 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND 

ambassador to King Henry VIII. of England, and acquitted bicn- 
self with honour, fidelity, and reputation. 

He married first, Catherine, daughter of Sir James Crichton, 
of Cranston-riddel, who died s. p. ^ 

Secondly, Margaret, daughter of Patrick Dunbar^ of Clugston, 
by whom he had two sons. 

First, Alexander 5 his heir apparent ; and. 

Second, John Stuart, parson of Kirkmahoe, ^ progenitor of 
John Stuart, of Phisgill, in vicecomitatu de Wigtoun. 

His third wife was Catherine, daughter to William Stuart, of 
Barclay, by whom he had, first, Robt?rt, s. p. ; second, Anthony, 
parson of Penninghame, left issue j third, William, first of the 
house of Clarie ; and Helen, married to William Gordon, of 
Murefodcj in vicecomitatu de Wigton. 

Alexander Stuart, younger of Garlics, was in the interest of 
King James VI. in the said King's minority, and was slain at the 
surprize of the town of Stirling by the Earl of Huntley and the 
Laird of Bucleugh, September 2d, 15/1/ leaving issue, by Ca- 
therine, his wife, daughter and coheir of Andrew Lord Herries^ 
of Terregles, 

Alexander, who succeeded his grandfather, and obtained the 
honour of knighthood, at the coronation of Queen Anne, wife of 
James VI. anno 159O. s He married, first, Christian, daughter 
of Sir William Douglas, of Drumlanrig, ancestor to the Dukes of 
Queensbury. '' Ey her he had. 

First, Alexander, the first Earl ; and. 

Second, William Stuart, of Mains, ancestor to Sir James 
Stuart, of Burray, Bart. 

Likewise three daughters, first, Helen, tnarried to John 
Douglas, of Stanhousej second, Jane, to John Kennedy, of Col- 
zean ; third, Nicholas, married John Dunbar, of Mochrum. 

Sir Alexander married, secondly. Lady Elizabeth Douglas, 
daughter of David Earl of Angus, Dowager of Robert Lord Max- 
well, but by her had no issue. 

He departing this life in October, 1596, ' his estate de- 
scended to 



d Charta in publicis archivis. e Mr, Simson. 

f Crawfurd's Memoirs. 

C Dr. Patrick Anderson's History of Scotland. MS. 

li Mr. Simson 's Genealogy of Gairlies. 

> Charta in Cancellaria supremae Dominas nostra Reginac. 



LORD STEWART. 441 

Alexander, his son, Jirst Earl of Galloway, who was first 
knighted by King James VI, then by his Majesty's special favour 
raised to the dignity of Xort^ Garlies, by letters patent, September 
2d, 1607, ^ his descent from the illustrious family of Lennox, being 
stated as one of the principal reasons for bestowing the honour. 

Further, his said Majesty was pleased to create him Earl of 
Galloway, September pth, l623. ' 

He married Grisel, daughter of Sir John Gordon, of Lochenvar, 
in vicecomiratu de Wigtoun : by whom he had. 

First, Alexander, Lord Garlies, who died 1638, having mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of William, Earl of Monteith, by whom 
he had a son, Alexander, who died young, l642. 

Second, Sir James Stuart, Bart, second Earl. 

Likewise Anne, married to Andrew Agnew, of Locbnaw. 

This Earl having been faithful to King Charles I, whosB in- 
terest he never deserted, died very aged, anno l64g ; "' his estate 
and honour devolving on 

Sir James, his eldest surviving son, second Earl, who during the 
usurpation, was very active in the King's cause, and on that ac- 
count sutfered in the common calamity with other loyalists. Sur- 
viving the usurpation eleven years, he gave way to fate in June, 
1671," leaving issue by Nicolas, his wife, daughter of Sir Robert 
Grierson, of Lag, three sons and a daughter, viz. 

First, Alexander, his successor. 

Second, Robert Stuart, of Reimstoun. 

Third, William Stuart, of Castle-Stuart^ who married Elizabeth 
Gordon. 

Fourth, Grizel, married to Alexander, Viscount of Kenmure. 

Which Alexander, third Earl, married Mary, daughter of 
James, Earl of Queensbury, by whom he had. 

First, Alexander, his successor, yb«rM Ear/, who died un- 
married, anno l6g4. 

Second^ James, fifth Earl of Galloway. 

Third, Colonel John Stuart, of Sorbie. 

Fourth, Andrew Stuart, Esq. who died in the expedition to 
Darien in 1699. 

Fifth, William Stuart, Esq. 

k Diploma Alexandri Domini Garlies in Rotulis Jacobi VI. ' Ibid. 

"» Retour of James Earl of Galloway to Alexander Earl of Galloway Iii« 
father, in the Chancery. 

n Retour of Alexander Earl of Galloway to Earl James, his father, re- 
eistrated in the Chancery Office at Edinburgh, 



442 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sixth, Robert Stuart, Esq. 

Also two danghteis j first, Margaret, married to Sir John Clark, 
of Pennycuik, junior, one of the Barons of Exchequer, and had 
issue; second, Henrietta, to William Earl of Glencairn, 

Which James, jifth Earl, so succeeding to the estate and 
honour of Galloway, upon the decease of his brother, was con- 
stituted one of the lords of her Majesty's privy-council. Soon 
after her accession to the throne, his Lordship was appointed one 
of the committee of parliament, June 18th, 1/02, for revising the 
accounts of money laid on by the former sessions of that parlia- 
ment. And in the great affair of the union of the two kingdoms, 
his Lordship dissented from the court in several very momentous 
articles of the treaty, as appears from the minutes of the last par- 
liament. He died 1747, having married Catherine, daughter of 
Alexander, Earl of Eglintoun, by whom he had issue four sons, 
and four daughters ; viz 

First, Alexander, his successor. 

Second, James, a major-general, and colonel of the thirty- 
seventh foot, twice member of parliament for the county, and 
twice for the borough of Wigton. 

Third, William, in the army, member of parliament for Wig- 
ton ; and. 

Fourth, George. 

Fifth, Lady Margaret, married, first, James, Earl of Southesk ; 
and secondly, John, Lord Sinclair. 

Sixth, Lady Euphame, married Alexander Murray, of Brough- 
ton, Esq. 

Seventh, Lady Catherine. 

Eighth, Lady vVnne. 

Alexander, ih?: seventh Earl, xmrx'it^ Anne Keith, daughter 
of William, the eighth Earl of Marischal, by whom he had two 
ions and a daughter. 

First, Alexander, died unmarried at Aix la Chapelle. 

Second, James, died young, at Dalkeith school. 

Third, Mary, married to Kenneth, Lord Fortrose, afterwards 
Earl of Seaforth. 

His Lordship married, secondly, Catherine, daughter of John 
Cochrane, Earl of Dundonald ; and by htr had four sons and six 
daughters. 

First, John, the eighth Earl. 

Second, George, killed at Ticonderoga, in 1758. 

Third, William, died young. 



LORD STEWART. 443 

Fourth, Keith, an admiral in the royal navy, married Miss 
Daggalier, and dying, left Leveson Douglas, in the royal navy j 
married, October igth, 1808, Elizabeth, third daughter of Sir 
John Dalrymple Hay, of Park-place, Dunluce, Bart, and other 
issue. 

Fourth, Catherine, married to James Murray, of Broughton, 
Esq. 

Fifth, Susanna, married, in 1761, Granville, first Marquis of 
Statford, K. G. and had issue, and died in August, 1805, 

Sixth, Margaret, married to Charles Gordon, fourth Earl of 
Aboyne, and deceased, leaving issue. 

Seventh, Euphemia. 

Eighth, Harriet, married Archibald, ninth and present Duke 
of Hamilton, and dying November, 1/88, left issue. 

Ninth, Charlotte, married William, fifth Earl of Dunmore, 
and has issue. 

His Lordship deceasing, October 14th, 17/3, was succeeded 
by his son, 

John, the eighth Earl, K. T. and first Lord Stewart of 
Garlies, and sometime a lord of the bed-chamber to the Kino-. 

His Lordship married, first, Charlotte Mary, daughter of 
Francis, the first Earl of Warwick, by whom he had one son, who 
did not long survive his mother ; and 

He married, secondly, Anne, daughter of the late Sir Jamei 
Dashwood, Bart, by whom he had issue, eight sons and eight 
daughters ; the sons were. 

First, Alexander, who died young. 

Second, George, the present Earl. 

Third, Levison, died young. 

Fourth, William, a major-general in the army, and assistant 
secretary in the war department, married Miss Douglas. 

Fifth, Charles-James. 

Sixth, Montgomery-Granville-John. 

Seventh, Edward-Richard. 

Eighth, James. 

The daughters were, 

Catherine, married to Sir James Graham, ofNetherby, Bart, 
and has issue. 

Susan, married to George, Marquis ofBlandford, eldest son of 
the Duke of Marlborough, and has issue. 

Harriet, married August 8th, 1/95, to J^ord Spencer Chi- 
chester, brother to the Marquis of Donegal. 



444 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Elizabeth, married, in January, l/QS, to W. P. Inge, Esq. 

Georgiana, 

Charlotte, married, September 12th, 1801, Sir Edward Crof- 
ton, Bart, eldest son of Baroness Crofton. 

Caroline, married, January 10th, 1803, to the Hon. and Rev. 
George Rushout, brother to Lord Northwick. 

Sophia, married, July 2d, 1806, the Hon. William Bligh, 
brother to the Earl of Darnley. 

The Earl was, June 6th, 1796, created Baron Stewakt, op 
Garlies, in the peerage of England ; and deceasing, November 
13th, 1806, was succeeded by his eldest son, 

George, the present and ninth Earl, and second Lord 
Stewart, OF Garlies, who being brought up to the navy, was in 
1810, promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral. 

His Lordship married, April 19th, 1/97, Lady Jane Paget, 
daughter of Henry Earl of Uxbridge, and has issue, 

First, , Viscount Garlies, born September 12thj 1800, 

Second, Allan, died May 1st, 1808. 

Third, A son, born December 23d, 1807, died May 1st, 1808. 

Titles. George Stewart, Earl of Galloway and Lord Garlies 
in Scotland J and Lord Stewart of Garlies in England. 

Creations. Earl of Galloway, September 9th, 1628; Lord 
Garlies, September 2d, l607; and Lord Stewart of Garlies, in 
England, June 6th, 1796. 

Arms. Or, a fess cheeky, azure and argent, surmounted of a 
bend, gules, within a double tressure flowered and counterflowered 
with flowers-de-lis of the last. 

Crest. On a wreath, a pelican feeding her young in the nest, 
proper. 

Supporters. On the dexter side, a savage wreathed with 
laurel about the temples and middle, holding a batoon over his 
shoulder, all proper; and on the sinister, a lion rampant, gules. 

Motto. VlRESCIT VULNERE VIRTUS. 

Chief Seat. Garlies, Wigtonshire. 



LORD SALTERSFORD. 445 




STOPFORD, LORD SALTERSFORD. 

rEARL OF COURTOWN IN IRELAND, J 

This family is said to derive its descent from Nicholas Di 
Stockport, Baron of Stockport,-^ one of the eight Barons of the 
county palatine of Chester, created by Hugh Lupus, Earl of 
Cliester, ^ who probably settled in that country before the Norman 
conquest, as the name of the town of Stopford is evidently of 
Saxon origin. ^ The only part of the original lands of the family, 
which now remains is the estate oi Saltersford,^ near Maccleslield, 
which estate is at this day in the possession of the Earl of Cour- 
town, and has belonged to his ancestors from time immemorial. ' 
The first of the family that came into Ireland was James 
Stopford, Esq. an officer of rank in the parliament army, who 
served in Irehmd during the rebellion which began in 1641. On 
the restoration of the royal family, he acquired very considerable 
•states in the city of Dublin, and counties of Meath, Westmeath, 
Wexford, Carlow, Kilkenny, and Kerry, partly by purchase, and 
partly in considenition of his services during the war. He be- 
came seated at Tar.ah-hill in the county of Meath, and married 

a Speed's map of that county, and Cambden, vol. i. p. 478-9. 
b Butcher's Survey of Stamford, p. 23. 
c The heiress of this family married Nicholas de Eton, whose heiress 
married Warrea of Pointon. See Lyson's, p. 779. 

d Lysons, in his Cheshire, p. 353, says, Beate-hall, described as Lord 
Courtoun's seat, is a dilapidated old mansion in the town of Macclesfield, 
now occupied as a public-house. 

Information of Dean vStopford 



446 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

two wives J by his first, whose name we have not recovered, he 
had three sons, viz. first, William j second, James ; and third, 
Joseph. 

The elder of whom, William, married Maiy, daughter of 
Colonel Francis Willoughby, and died in the lifetime of his father, 
leaving an only son, James, successor to his grandfather. 

James, aforesaid, married, secondly, Mary, daughter of Sir 
Robert Forth, Knight, (one of the privy-council in the reign of 
King William III.) ' and by her had issue one son Robert, and 
two daughters ; Robert was attainted by King James's parliament, 
and dying without issue, was buried at St. Audeon's church, 
Dublin ; ^ the daughters were, Amelia, married to Theophilus 
Butler, created Lord Newtown Butler ; and Dorothy, married to 
Edward, fourth Earl of Meath, on whose death she lemarried with 
lieutenant-general Gorges, s 

James Stopford, Esq. who succeeded his grandfather, wag 
chosen to parliament for the borough of Wexford, September 2 1st, 
1703, and elected for that county, November 25tli, ]/\3;^ he 
was re-elected for the same county on the accession of King 
George L and continued to fill that station till his decease. He 
married Frances, daughter and heir to Roger Jones, of Dublin, 
Esq. and deceased ' July pth, 1721, having had issue by her (wh» 
died May 22d, 1751,'' five sons and four daughters, viz. 

e Lodge Collect. f Parish Registry, and Lodge Collect. 

g Lodge says, in i Edit. vol. i- p. 190, that these daughters were coheirs, 
which we presume to be an error, for from this pedigree his grandson seems 
to have succeeded. 

h Commons Jour. 

i King James I. February 17th, gth of his reign, did grant unto Sir Ed- 
ward Fisher, Knight, the towns, lands, &c known by the names of Killder- 
mott, Ballymaheys, with the hamlets thereof, called Ballintroohan, Glan^ 
vany, Ballynecarig, Ballinemoney, Ballynekilbeg, Killoneen, Shnaghkenagh, 
Ballygarralt, Cronemullan, Ballnesketan, Shraleah, Croneroe, Cloneredmond, 
Dowcarrick, Monehennie, Monennys, Kiltinnill, Ballicamclone, Ballymorris, 
Tenestrath, Tourimore, Ballyvickenolug, Rathingwocinis, Moneallestron, 
Gurtin, Ballinthe, Monemore.Tenehone, Kilbride, Taghmore, alias Pollalishe, 
Ballylemcham, Muchloe, Tomsillagh, Ballyvadocke, Ballyda, Kilnehederny 
and Binooge, and all other lauds, tenements, and hereditaments lying within 
the mears, bounds, &c. of the said towns, villages, &c. being in the territory 
called M'Damores county; also the town and lands of Ballinogelan with the 
appurtenances lying in the territory called Kinshelch, containing by estimation 
1500 acres; also the river of Owenbarra, and the fishery theieof, in the said 



^ Lodge Collect. 



LORD SALTERSFORD. 447 

First, William, who died young. 

Second, James, advanced to the peerage. 

Third, William, a captain in the first regiment of horse 
and died in December 1760, leaving issue, first, William in the 
army; second, Philip, also in the army, who died in 1775 ; third, 
Frances, married to John Ashburuham, Esq. a captain in the 
army ; and fourth, Catherine, to Thomas Cosby, of Bailleborough, 
in the county of Cavan, Esq. by whom she has issue, Arnold, in 
holy orders, and other children. 

Fourth, Thomas, a master in Chancery. 

Fifth, Joseph, a cornet in the second regiment of horse, who, 
in July i743, married Anne, daughter of Knightly Chetwood, of 
Woodbrooke in the Queen's County, Esq.'" (by his wife Hesther 
Stopford, half sister to the Bishop of Cloyne) and had issue one 
son James, baptized November 1] th, 1746, in holy orders, and 
rector of Killeary in the diocese of Meath ; and five daughters, 
viz. Anne, married to the Rev. William Stopford, vicar of Dona- 
moyne, in the diocese of Clogher ; Frances, to Michael Kearney, 



county of Wexford, with free access to the banks thereof, on both sides, with 
nets, &c. necessary for fishing ; also the mountain ofTorchill; as also the 
advowson, donation, and right of patronage of the rectory and vicarage of 
Kiltinnill, all the said lands, &c. lying in the county of Wexford, to hold to 
the said Sir Edward Fisher, Knight, his heirs and assigns for ever; rendering 
yearly to his Majesty and his successors 8/ sterling, which said lands were, 
by the said patent, created into a manor by the name of the Manor of Chi- 
chester. 

This patent was surrendered by Sir Edward Fisher, February loih, 14 of 
King James, upon which the said King, by letters patent January 17th, in 15 
of his reign, conveyed to the said Sir Edward Fisher, his heirs and assigns, 
the said several lands, &c. with others, which by this patent were created into 
the manor of Fisherstown, which patent is entered in the office of the auditor 
general, and inrolled in the Rolls-office of this kingdom. This patent, &c. 
afterwards became vested in Edward Chichester, third son of Edward, Vis- 
count Chichester, who intermarried with Elizabeth, the fifth and youngest 
daughter of said Sir Edward Fisher, the patentee (who died in December, 
i6ji), and with Elizabeth his said wife, in Michaelmas term, 21 Charles II. 
sutiered a recovery thereof; upon whose death Edward Chichester, their 
eldest son, became seized of said manor, lands, and premises, his mother, the 
said Elizabeth, having by deed, November i ith, 1O67, conveyed the same to 
him and his heirs for ever. The said Edward Chichester enjoyed the said 
lands to his death, when they came to his brother John, who, by deeds dated 
December 28th and 29th, 171 1, in consideration that he was childless, and the 
friendship which he had fur James Stopford and his family, and other consi- 
derations in said deed mentioned, did grant the said manor to the said James 
Stopford, his heirs and assigns for ever. ArchJ.ilt. 

Ill Information of Dean Stopford. 



44 8 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

D. D. rector of Rathmelton, in the diocese of Raphoe; Catherine, 
baptized July 24th, 1748, to the Rev. Henry St. George ; Eliza- 
beth, baptized December 2Q, 1750, to Abel Ram, of the county of 
Wexford, Esq. then member of the Irish parliament for the borough 
of Duleek, and by him hath issue, Abel, William, James, Mary, 
Anne, and Elizabeth ; and Hester, who died unmarried in 1785. " 

Eldest daughter Elizabeth, married to Philip Doyne, of Welles 
in the county of Wexford, Esq. by whom she left issue, James, 
who died unmarried in 1763 j and Frances, married to the Rev. 
Erancis Thomson, rector of Drumcree, alias Kilcumney, in the 
diocese of Meath, and had one son and two daughters. 

Second, Anne, to Doctor James Stopford, Lord Bishop of 
Cloyne. ° 

Third, Frances, died young; and 

Catherine, married William Ludlow, Esq. counsellor at law. i* 

James Stopford, Esq. the eldest surviving son, ^first Earl of 
Courtown, was chosen to parliament, November 28th, 1727, '' for 
the borough of Feat hard, which he continued to represent till his 
late Majesty, by privy-seal, dated at Kensington July 28, 1758, and 
patent '' at Dublin Sept. 19 following, was pleased to call him to the 
house of peers, by the title of Baron of Courtown in the county of 
Wexford; and his Lordship took the accustomed oaths gnd his 
seat October 31st same year.* Pursuant to privy-seal at St. 



11 Information of Dean Stopford. 
o James Stopford, (after Bishop of Cloyne, but of whose affinity to Lord 
Courtown's family, we have not been informed) was the intimate friend of 
Jonathan Swift, the celebrated Dean of St. Patrick's. He received his educa- 
tion in Trinity College Dublin, and was elected a Fellow of that University, 
March 2^th, 1727. After the promotion of Dr. Robert Howard to the see of 
Killala, he was instituted to the vicarage of Finglass, thence promoted to the 
deanery of Kilmacduagh, and in pursuance of letters patent dated February 
28th, 1753. was consecrated Bishop of Cloyne. He married, December i6th, 
1727, Anne, second daughter of James Stopford, Esq. as in text, and deceas- 
ing in Dublin, August 23d, 1759, 1^^' issue three sons, viz. James, (baptized 
October 7th, lyji* elected Fellow of the University of Dublin in June, 1753, 
which he resigned in 1755. for the united rectories of Garry-Cloyne,and Gla- 
nore in the diocess of Cloyne He married Anne, daughter of William Wray, 
of Ards in the county of Donegal, Esq. and left issue) ; Joseph, baptized De- 
cember 4th, 1732, who married Angel, daughter of the said William Wray, 
and had issue, James, Williami Joseph; and one daughter, married and 
William, baptized January 26th, 1730, also in holy orders, and married as ija 
text. Siuift's Letters, and Inform. Dean Stopford. 

P See Earl Ludlow' q Commons Jour. 

r Rot. pat. de Anno 32 Geo. II. la. p. D. R. 43—44. 

s Lords Journals, vol. iv. p. jj8. 



LORD SALTERSFORD. 449 

James's March 24th, and patent * April 12th, 1762, his present 
Majesty was pleased farther to advance him to the dignities of 
Viscount Stopford and Earl of Courtoivn, and as such he took his 
seat on the 16th of that month. ' February 24th, 1/26," he mar- 
ried Elizabeth, only daughter of Doctor Edward Smyth, Lord 
Bishop of Down and Connor, and sister and heiress to Edward 
Smyth of the city of Dublin, E-iq. ; ^ he deceased January 12th, 
1 //O, y h iving had issue by this Lady (who survived him) six sons 
and six daughters, viz. 

First, James, Viscount Stopford. ^ 

Second, Edward, baptized June 29th, 1732; in March, 1765, 
appointed major of the sixty-sixth regiment; November 2Sth, 
1/82, Major-general; advanced to the staff October 1st, 1783; 
and November 1st, 1784, appointed colonel of his Majesty's fifth 
regiment of foot. June 27ih, 1783, he married Letitia, daughter 
of William Blacker, Esq. and niece to the Right Hon. Edward 
Gary ; and by her had issue three sons and a daughter j viz. Ed- 
ward ; Jimes; William-Kenry ; andJnne.'^ 

Third, Thomas,^' in holy orders; made dean ofKilbloe in 
1781, and promoted to the deanery of Ferns, by letters patent, 
dated November 21st, 1787; died unmarried. Lord Bishop of 
Cork and Ross, July 24th, 1605. 

Fourth, Joseph,"^ baptized November 11th, 174! ; appointed 
lieutenant colonel of the fifteenth regiment of foot, with rank of 
colonel in the army. He died at Wexford June 29th, 1786, un- 
married. 

Fifth, Philip,^ baptized February 17th, 1/43; appointed^ 
June 20th, 1765, a lieutenant in the royal navy. 

Daughter Lady Elizabeth, died young. ^ 

Lady Frances, unmarried. '' 

Lady Mary, unmarried, s 

Lady Anne, ^ born in 1734, and married May 2Sth, 1758, ' to 
Walter Hore, of Harperstown in the county of Wexford, Esq. ^ 
She died in March, 1808. 



s Rot. pat. de anno 2 Geo. I II. 2a. p. D. R. 2i---i2- 

t. Lords Journals, vol. iv. p 246. u Ulster's Office. 

X Arclulall's Collect. y Ulster's Office 

X Idem. a Information of Dean Stopford. 

k Ulster's Office. t Idem and information of the Dean. 

d Idem. e Dean Stapford. t Ulster's Office 

g Idem. h Idem, and Lodge. i Lodge. 

t Walter Hore, of Harperstown, Esq knight of the shire for Wexford 

VOL. VI n. 2 fj 



450 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Lady Catherine, "" unmarried ; and 

Lady Charlotte, " baptized March 4th, 1/45, married, June 
18th, 1774, to Stephen Ram, of Ramsfort in the county ofWex- 
ford, Esq. formerly member in the Irish parliament for the bo- 
rough of Gorey, and hath issue. 

James ih.e second Earl of Courtoivn, and first Lord Sal- 
TERSFORD, was bom May 28tb, 1731, ° and took his seat in the 
house of peers, October 8th, 1771"'^ On the institution of the 
illustrious order of St. Patrick in 1783, his Lordship had the 
honour of being nominated by the sovereign, to be a knight com- 
panion, and with the other knights, was installed in St. Patrick's 
cathedral, March 17th same year. 

Upon the establishment of the Prince of Wales's household, 
17SO, lie was appointed a lord of the bed-chamber to his Royal 
Highness, as he was in 17S4, treasurer of the household to his Ma- 
jesty. His Lordship was a member of the privy-councils in Great 
Britain and Ireland. 

On April l(5th, 1762, his Lordship married Mary, daughter 



and the seventeentli in lineal descent, from the first of the name who pos- 
sessed this estate, died in 1741, leaving William his heir, member of parlia- 
ment for Taghmon, who was appointed, February 25th, 1729, advocate-ge- 
neral and judge-martial; November 19th, 1730, a commissioner of appeals ; 
and April 18th, i"32, a master in Chancery. He married, first, Dorothy, 
fifth daughter of William, Viscount Duncannon, and had two daughters; 
viz. Mary, married, April nth, 1748, to John Cox, of Coolclilfe in the county 
of Wexford, Esq ; and Anne, who was baptized April 20th, 1732. He mar- 
ried secondly, Mary, daughter of John Grogan, of Johnstown in ihe county of 
Wexford, Esq. and widow of Andrew Knox, Esq. of the same county, (who 
died fort-major of Kingsale in 1737], and deceasing in February, 1745, left by 
her (who was born about the year 1694, re-married with Charles Tottenham, 
of Tottenham-Green in the said county of Wexford, Esq died in 1777, and 
was interred at Rathaspetk in tlie same county), an only son, Walter, his 
heir, to whom he had resigned the offices of advocate-general, and judge- 
martial. The said Walter succeeded at Harperstown, married as in the text, 
and had issue one daughter, Elizabeth, married to James Boyle, of Rosslare 
in the county of Wexford, Esq. and four sons, viz. William, high sheriff of 
the said county 1788, married to the daughter of the la;e Sir Simon Brad- 
street, Bart, and niece to Sir Samuel, one of the judges of the court of King's 
Bench; Walter, a captain in the army, and married to a daiighler of John 
Conroy, Esq. ; Thomas, in holy orders, and rector of Killtinnill in the diocese 
of Ferns on the presentation of the Earl of Courtown ; and Pons mby. 
Lodge's Collect. Rot. Cane. Letter from J. Grogan, Esq. title Besborough in 
Lodge's first edition. Prerogative Office. Information of Dean Stopford; and 
see title Lord Loftus, in Vol. IX. 

m Ulster's Office. n Idem 

e Lodge. P Lords Journal, vol. iv. p. 579. 



LORD SALTERSFORD. 451 

and coheir to Richard Powys, of Hintleshatn-hall in the county 
of Suffolk, Esq. (by Lady Mary Brudenell, daughter of George 
Earl of Cardigan, and sister to George, last Duke of Montague, 
she remarried with Thomas Bouldby, of the bishopiick of Dur- 
ham, Esq and died in October 1808 i), by whom his Lordship 
had issue, one daughter, Mary, who died young ; and four sons, 
viz. 

First, James-George, ■" present peer. 

Second, Edward, born September 2Sth, 1/66, appointed a 
colonel in the army, 1808, and a captain in the third regiment of 
foot-guards. 

Third, Robert, born February 5th, 1768, appointed an Ad- 
miral, 1810. 

Fourth, Richard Bruce, born March 4th, 1/74, in holy orders, 
chaplain in ordinary to his Majesty, married, November 19th, 
ISOO, the Hon. Helena Powys, eldest daughter of Thomas^ first 
Lord Lilford. 

Fifth, Mary, died young. 

His Lordship having sat in parliament for Marlborough from 
17SO, was elevated to the British peerage August 13th, 1794, by 
the title of Lord Saltersford, of Saltersford in Cheshire, and 
dying in April 1810, was succeeded by his eldest son, 

James George, third Earl of Coiirtown, and second Lord 
Saltersford, who was formerly an ensign in the foot-guards; 
and afterwards lieutenant-colonel of Villiers's fencible cavalry, 

1794. 

His Lordship was born August 15th, 1/65, married, January 
29th, 1791, Lady Elizabeth Scott, eldest daughter of Henry, Duke 
of Buccleuch, Knight of the Garter, and had 

A son, born May 4th, 1792, died an infant. 

A son, born February 20th, 1793. 

A son, born October 21st, 1797- 

His Lordship was appointed treasurer of the King's house- 
hold in 1793 ; and latterly comptroller of the same, and while a 
commoner represented in parliament Great Bed win in 179O; and 
1806j and Selkirk, &:c. in 1796. 

Titles. James-George Stopford, Earl of Courtown, Viscount 
Stopford, and Baron of Courtown ; Irish honours. And Baron 
Saltersford in Cheshire. 

•1 Collins, vol. li. p. 501 - ^ Ulster's Office. 



452 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Creations. Baron of Courtown in the county of Wexford, 
September igth, 1 758, 32 Geo. II. ; Viscount Stopford, and Earl 
of Courtown April 12th, 1762, 2 Geo. III. ; Lord Saltersford of 
Cheshire, August 13th, 17g4. 

Arms. Azure, crusuly of crosslets, three lozenges Or. 

Crest. On a wreath, a cockatrice rising. 

Supporters. Two stags, plain collared and chained, each 
charged on the shoulder with a lozenge. 

Motto. PATRIiE INFEUCI FIDELIS. 

Chief Seats. Courtown in the county of Wexford, forty-five 
miles from Dublin; and formerly Bete-hall in the county of 
Chester, one hundred and fifty-one miles from London. * 

s Information of Dean Stopford, but see Lysons, ut supra 



LORD DAWNEY. 



453 




DAWNEY, LORD DAWNEY 

{VISCOUNT DOIVNE IN IRELAND. J 



Sir Paine Dawney, of Dawney-castle in Normandy, from 
whom this family is descended, came into England with King 
William the Conqueror. 

In former times they wrote their name, D'Anney, and were 
lords of the manor of Shunock, or Shannock, in the county of 
Cornwall. 

Of this family was John Dawney, living in the reign of Ed- 
ward \. who married Jane, third and youngest daughter of Peter 
Le Cave (by his wife, the only child of Sir Thomas Bromflete), 
and had 

Sir Edward D'Annay, the father of 

Sir Nicholas, who in the reign of Edw. IL obtained a charter 
for a weekly Wednesday and Friday market, and a yearly fair on 
the eve, day and morrow of St. James the Apostle, at his said 
manor of Shannock. 

Tn 1 Edw. III. he had summons to parliament among the 
Barons of England, but not after, =* which was occasioned by his 
absence in the holy war against the infidels j whence he brought 
a very rich and curious medal, now in the familys possession : 
but continuing in the Holy Land many years, the estate, consist- 
ing ot fifteen large manors in Cornwall, was conveyed into the 
family of Courtenay, Earls of Devon, by the marriage of Emme- 
line (or Emme), daughter and heir to Sir John Dawney, of 
Madfordferry in the county of Somerset, to Edward, son and 

» Dujclale. 



454 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

heir apparent of Hugh, the second Earl of Devon, who dying 
before his father, left issue by her two sons, Edward, the third 
Earl of Devon; and Hugh of Haccombe and Boconnock, Esq. 
father of Edward Courtenay, whom King Henry VII. for his 
adherence to the house of Lancaster, advanced to the Earldom of 
Devonshire October 28th, 1485, first of his reign. 

Sir Nicholas Dawney, aforesaid, departed this life 7 Edward 
III. as appears by inquisition } and by Elizabeth, his wife, had 
two sons J 

First, Thomas ; and, 

Second, Sir John Dawney, of Madfordferry before-mentioned, 
made a knight banneret by King Edward IIL at the battle of 
Cressy, on whose death an inquisition was taken 20 Edw. III. and 
he was found to have left only the said Emmc, married to Ed- 
ward Courtenay, Esq. 

Thomas Dawney, the elder son, marrying Elizabeth, daughter 
and heir to John Newton, of Snaith in Yorkshire, Esq. fixed his 
residence at Estrick in that part of England, where he was living 
11 Rich. II. and was the direct ancestor of the Viscount Downe, 
and also of Roger Dawney, of Norton, Esq. who left only daugh- 
ters, whereof Joan was married to John Churchill, Esq. by whom 
she had two daughters, coheirs, Margaret and Agnes, living in the 
reign of Edward III. 

Thomas Dawney, aforesaid, had issue, besides Roger, a 

daughter, Margaret, married to Saltmarsh, of Yorkshire j 

and a son. 

Sir John, who succeeded at Estrick ; married Ellen, daughter 
of John Barden, and died in 1417 (5 Hen. V.), having issue, 

First, Sir John. 

Second, William, of Rhodes. 

Thirdj Alice, married to Robert Fleming ; and Agnes, to Peter 
Weston. 

Sir John, the elder son, died in 1424 (2 Hen. VI,') ; and by 
Margaret, or Joan, daughter of Sir Alexander Lound, Knight, 
had, first. Sir John, his successor j second, Joan, married to Wil- 
liam Dallison j and, third, Catherine, to Thomas Awger, Esqrs. 

Sir John, who succeeded, married Agnes, daughter of Guy 
Rockliffe, of Rocklifie in the county of York, Esq. and deceasing 
October 20th, 1403, had, first. Sir Gny, his heir ; second, Wil- 
liam ; third, Margaret, married to Ralph, son and heir of Richard 
Acclam ; fourth, Agnes, to John Bechard ; and, fifth, Elizabeth, 
to John Langton, Esqrs, 



LORD DAWNEY. 455 

Sir Guy (Guydo) Dawney, Knight^ was seated at Cowick in 
the county of York, where he lived in the reigns of Henry VII. 
and VIII. and died August l7lh, 1522, He married Jane, or 
Joan, sister and heir to Sir John Darell, oi Sezay, who died without 
issue in 7 Hen. VII. and to I'homas Darell, who died also child- 
less, and daughter of Sir George Darell,^ of Sezay, who died March 
30th, 146o, by his wife Margaret, daughter of Sir William 
Plumpton, and had issue, first. Sir John, his successor ; second, 
Anne, marrittd to Robert Howdenby; and, third, a younger 
daughter to Babthorpe, of Drax, Esqrs. 

Sir John Dawney, of Cowick, was sheriff of Yorkshire 35 
Hen VIII. and died March 2d, 1,5.53, having issue by Dorothy, 
daughter of Richard, Lord Latimer, who died in November, 1532, 
two sons and four daughters, viz. 

First, Sir Thomas. 

Second, John, of Herke, who in 1572 (H Eliz.) was sheriff 
of Yorkshire, and married Elizabeth, fifth daughter of John 
Roper, of Ell ham in Kent, Esq. prothonotary of the court of 
King's Bench, and attorney-general to King Henry VIIl. by Jane 
his wife, daughter of Sir John Fineux, chief justice of the said 
court, and left a son John, born in 156l, seated at Potter Brunton 
in Yorkshire, whose only daughter and heir, Mary, was married 
to John Legard, of Ganton, Esq and was mother of Sir John Le- 
gard, created a Baronet in 166O. 

The four daughters were ; Elizabeth, married to Robert Aske, 
of Aughton, Esq. by whom she had John, whose wife was Chris- 
tian, daughter of Sir Thomas Fairfax, of Denton ; Dorothy, to Sir 
Henry Nevile, of Chute, and had Gervaise Nevile, Esq. living in 
1585 3 Joan, to Bryan Palmes, of Narbourn, Esq. whose son John, 
living 1584, married Joan, daughter of George Dawney, Esq. and 
bad three sons, George, John, and Francis j and Anne, to Sir 
George Conier^i, Knight. 

Sir Thomas Dawney, of Sezay and Coivkk, Knight, married 
Edith, eldest daughter of George, Lord D'Arcie of Aston, and 
dying September 3d, 156Q, had, lirst. Sir John, his heir; second, 
Paul ; and, third, Frances, married to Sir William Babthorpe, of 
Osgodby, to whom she was second wife, and had two daughters, 
Mary and Christian. 

b This was the eldest branch of the ancient family of Darell. Another 
branch settled at Littlecor in Wiltshire. And a third branch settled, in the 
reign of Henry IV. iXCaUhill, near Ashford in Kent, where they still remain- 



456 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Sir John, who succeeded, was knighted by Queen Elizabetli 
in 1580, and served the office of sheritl^" for Yorkshire in 1589. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Marmaduke I'unstali, of 
Thurland in Lancashire, Knight, by whom he had four sons and 
two daughters ; first, Thomas ; second, Marmaduke; third, Wil- 
liam : fourth, D'Arcie J fifth, Mary, married to Ralph, the third 
Lord Eure, of Witton, lieutenant of the principality of Wales for 
King James L and was mother of William, Lord Eure, born in 
15/9; 2nd, sixth, Dorothy died unmarried. 

Sir Thomas, who succeeded his father at Cow'ick, was born 
in 1563, and honoured with knighthood by King James L in 
whose eighth year he was sheriff of Yorkshire, and was living in 
1619. He married Faith, daughter and heir to Sir Richard Led- 
giavd of Rysom, and had issue five sons and four daughters; first, 
John; second, Thomas, who died childless ; third, George; fourth, 
Richard ; fifth, Henry ; sixth, Elizabeth, married to Sir William 
Acclam, of Hereby ; seventh, Frances, to Sir Henry Vaughan, of 
Sutton ; eighth, Margaret; and, ninth, Anne. 

John, the eldest son, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
Richard Hutton, justice of the King's Bench, and had two sons. 

First, Sir Christophek, who by King Charles L for his loyalty 
and services, was created a Baronet May 19th, 1642, but dying 
without issue, was succeeded in title and estate by his brother. 

Sir John Dawney, of Cow'ick, first Viscount Downe, who in 
1660 represented the county of York in parliament, as he did the 
borough of Pontefract in 166I, 16/8, and 168O, and being ad- 
vanced to ihe peerage of Irclufidhy patent, '^ dated at Westminster, 
February 19th, 168O; sat in King James's Irish parliament of 1689, 
and died in 1695, leaving issue Henry, his successor ; 

And two daughters; the one married to Mr. Ramsden, of 
Yorkshire, and died at York in June, 1/37; and (he other to 

Orme, of Charlton near Greenwich, Esq. wht=re she died 

December 15ih, 1/36, leaving one son, Garton Orme, of Laving- 
ton in Sussex, Esq. appointed May 1st, 1736, gentleman usher to 

c The preamble Cum nihil magis Majestatem regiam illustret, vcl ad 
Virtutem generosos Hominum animos stimulet, qiiam cum Viri Virtute, Ge- 
neris nobilitate, ct Prudentia s;iiendi(li Honorum titulisdecorentur 1 nos igitur 
recolentes eximia merita dilecti et fidelis nostri Johannis Dawney de Cowicke 
in coniitatu nostro Eboraci Militis, et grata Servitia, qvia? ipse et Antecessores 
sui nobis aut Pair; nostro beatas memorias summa cum Assiduitate et Inte- 
grjtate prtestiterunt, eum in ahiorem Honoris giadum evehi dignum esse 
censemus- Sciatis modo, &c. Rot. anno 33 Car. II. la p. f. 



LORD DAWNEY. 45^ 

the Princess of Wales, and chosen November 23cl, 1739, member 
of parliament for the borough of Arundel. 

Sir Henr-s, the second Viscount Downe, in 1689, was at- 
tainted by King James's parliament in Ireland ; represented the 
borough of Pontefract in iQqO, and the county of York in the 
reigns of King William, Queen Anne, and King George I. He 
died in May 17-11, having married Mildred, daughter of William 
Godfrey, of Fhunick in the county of Lincoln, Esq. jnd by her, 
who died at Cowick in September, 1/25, had six sons and two 
daughters, viz. 

First, John, his heir apparent. 

Second, Williaai. 

Third, Henry, D. D. educated in the university of Oxford, 
resided at Charlton in Kent ; was instnlled June 22d, 1732, a pre- 
bendary in the cathedral church of Canterbury; and May 13th, 
1740, married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas D'Aeth, 
of Knowlton in the said county, Bart, so created July JDth, 1716, 
by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Narborongh, Knight^ 
admiral and commissioner of the navy in the reigns ot Charles IL 
and James IL and heir to her brother Sir John, of Knowlton, 
Bart, who was shipwrecked with his brother James, and his father- 
in-law, Sir Cloudesley Shovel, October 22d, 1707. Doctor Daw- 
ney died at Piddleton near Dorchester in July, 1754. His widow 
survived him many years. They had a son, a clergyman. 

Fourth, Christopher, who, August 26th,. 1749, married the 
daughter of Mr. Rundall, of Marston, or Hution, near York, and 
she died Jan 3d, 17^9, set. fifty-four, in the Minster-yard,jYork. 

Fifth, George, made captain of a ship of war January 8th, 1741» 

Sixtl), Godfrev. 

Mildred, married to Sir William Fowlis, of Ingleby manor in 
the North-riding of Y'orkshire, Bart, and had issue William 3 ^iil- 
dred ; Anne 3 Catherine; and Mary. 

Dorothy, first to Robert Shaftoc, of Whitworth in the Bishop- 
rick of Durham, Esq. ; and secondly, to Rev. Dr. Thomas Eden, 
fourth son of Sir Robert Eden, of West-,\uckland, Bart, rector of 
Winston, and prebendary in the cathedral of Durham, at which 
city she died November 2()th, 1734, without issue. 

John Dawney, Esq. the eldest son, having his education in 

Cbrist-church, Oxford, look the decree of A. M, July 9th, 1700, 

and in 1713, was chosen burgess in parliament for Pontefract and 

««?Aldborough, for the former of which he was re-chosen in 1715 : 

and August: 10th, 1724, marrying Charlotte-Louisa, younger 



458 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

daughter of Robert PJeydell, of Ampney-Crucis in the county of 
Gloucester, Esq. (by his wife Sarah, daughter of Philip Sheppard, 
of Hampton in the same county, Esq.) and heir to her brother 
and sister, who both died unmarried, had issue by her, who died 
April 8th, 1729, aet. thirty-five years, two sons; first, Henry- 
Pleydel] ; and, second. John, successive Viscounts, and departing 
this life July 31st, 1740, before his father, his elder son, 

Hekry Pleydkll, born April 8th, 17^7^ succeeding his 
grandfatlier, was the third Viscount Downe ; he was chosen in 
1749, and \.75l, to parliameni for the county of York 3 and De- 
cember Olh, 1750, Fellow of the Royal Society. 

He was first lord of the bed-chamber to his Royal Highness 
George Prince of Wales; lieutenant-colonel of the twenty-fifth 
regiment, colonel by brevet, and commanded his regiment at the 
battle ofMinden in 1759, his being one of the four regiments to 
whom the success of that day was owing; he also commanded 
the same regiment at the battle of Campen near W'esel, October 
16th, 1760, when being mortally wounded, he died December 9th 
ensuing, '^ and was succeeded in the honour by his brother, 

Sir John, \\\p. fourth F'iscount, born April 9th, 1728; M.P. for 
Cirencester 1755, 1762. married Lora, only daughter and heir to 
William Burton, of Luff'enham in the county of Rutland, Esq. 
by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of George Pitt, of Stratfield-sea in 
the county of Hants, Esq. and deceased December 21st, 178O, 
leaving by his said Lady five sons and two daughters, viz. 

First, John-Christopher, his successor. 

Second, William-Henry-Pleydell, died an infant. 

Third, William-Henry, born August 20th, 17/2. 

Fourth, Marmaduke, July 27th 17/7^ i" holy orders. 

Fifth, Thomas, May 30th, 1779. 

Sixth, Catherine, August 23d, 1768; and Lora, June 17th, 
1774, ^ died young. 

Sir John Christopher, born November 15th, 1764; '^ as- 
sumed the name of Burton, and succeeding to the honour, became 
i\\& fifth and present Viscovnt, and first Lord Daw ney, being 
advanced by that title to the British peerage. May 2Sth, 1796. 

His Lordship was elected M. P. for Petersfield, 179O, 

Title. Sir John Christopher Burton, Viscount Dawney of 
Downe^ Lord Dawney of Cowick in Yorkshire, and Baronet. 

d Lodge, and Ulster. ° Idem- 

<■ Viscountess Dowager's Letter, July 24th, 178^. 



LORD DAWNEY, 459 

Creation. Baronet, May 19th, l642, 18 Car, I, j Viscount 
Dawney of the county of Downe, February IQth, 168O, 33 Car. 
II. J and Lord Dawney of Cowick, in Great Britain^ May 26th, 
1796. 

Arms. Argent, on a bend cottised, sable, three annulets of 
the field. 

Crest. On a wreath, a saracen in armour, couped at the 
thighs, and wreathed about the temples, proper, holding in iiis 
right hand a ring, or, stoned azure, and in his left a lion's gamb 
erased, gold, armed, gules. 

Supporters. Two lions, or, collared with the coat, and ducally 
crowned, argent. 

Motto. Timet Pudokem, 

Chief Seats. Cowick, near Snaith and Ditchmarsh in the 
county of York, nine miles from Pontefract, and one hundred 
and seventy-six from London ; Dawney-lodge and Danby-castle 
in the same county. 



460 



PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 




BRODRICK, LORD BRODRICK. 

(VISCOUNT MIDLETON IN IRELAND J 



Sir Thomas Brodrick, sometime oi BicJw^ond in the county 
of York, and of JVandeswonh in Surry, married Catherine, 
daughter of Sir Oliver Nicholas, of Aubrey in Wiltshire, and dying 
in 164 1, in the forty-sixth year of his age, had issue three daugh- 
ters and five sons. 

First, Alan. 

Second, Thomas. 

Third, St. John, of whom afterwards. 

Fourth, Oliver; and fifth, William, who both died unmar- 
ried. 

Alan, the eldest, succeeding his father at IFandesworth, be- 
came an intimate friend of the famous Earl of Clarendon, when 
lord chancellor of England; and being a man of great abilities, 
was knighted in idGO, ■' by King Charles II. and by letters patent 
dated at Westminster August 2d, 1660, appointed to succeed Sir 
Adam Loftiis in the office of surveyor, estimator, and extensor- 
general of Ireland ^ for life, who b