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Full text of "Colonel William Candler of Georgia : his ancestry and progeny"

Gc 

929.2 
C161C 
1146009 



G^NETALCGY COLLEfeflON 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRAR 



3 1833 01220 1049 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



http://www.archive.org/details/colonelwilliamcaOOcand 



Colonel William Candler, 



OF 



(GEORGIA. 



His Ancestry and Progeny. 



BY 



His Great -Grandson, 

ALLEN D. CANDLER, 



ATtA\T.A, (lA.: 

THE FOOTE & DA VIES CO. 

iKr,tt 



1146009 

THE AUTHOR'S APOLOGY. 



A few years ag'o the writer published, and dis- 
tributed in h4s family, a few copies of a little 
book entitled " The Candler Family from IHoO 
to 1(S90." This is only a revised edition of that 
book under another and more appropriate title. 

That manuscript was written with but little 
care, was never revised, was not — at the outset 
— intended for publication; and when published, 
the proof-sheets were never corrected. Hence 
there were in it many errors — some of fact, but 
more of omission. The author then had access 
only to the congressional library at Washing- 
ton. From it, in idle hours, as a matter of pas- 
time, he orathered the facts of history compiled 
by him concerning- the family in England and 
Ireland. To these he has added nothing in this 
edition, because no new sources of information 
have been opened to him. But of his family on 
this side of the i\tlantic his account was meager 
and imperfect, and failed to do even approxi- 
mate justice to him who first planted the family 
name in Georgia, because, at that time, he was 
so situated that he did not have access to the 
records of the State of Georgia, but had to rely 
on memory and family tradition alone. Now, 
however, all the records of the State, yet in 
existence, are accessible, and have been con- 
sulted, and from them have been gleaned many 
facts, hitherto unpublished, which throw mucb 



light on the subject under investig-ation, and 
enable us to form a correct estimate of the char- 
acter and achievements, and come to a correct 
conclusion as to the origin of our earliest known 
American ancestor, Colonel William Candler, 
of (jeorgia. 

To that end, this revised edition is published, 
the author leeling that it were better never to 
have written than to have written partially and 
imperfectly concerning an ancestor of whose 
lineage, life and character his posterity may feel 
justly proud. A. D. C. 

Atlanta, March 10, 189(). 



INTRODUCTION. 



To feel an interest in the character and history 
of one's ancestors is natural and laudable, and 
is especially characteristic of old and enlight- 
ened communities. In England and in the 
older States of the American Union, this char- 
acteristic is much more marked than in the 
newer States of the West and the Southwest. 

Born and reared apart from all his relatives 
of his own name, and never having seen any 
one of them, except his father, till he was about 
grown, the writer knew but little of those who 
were contemporaneous with him, and almost 
nothing of the dead generations behind him. 

Actuated by this natural desire to know^ what 
sort of blood flows in his veins, and from what 
sources it came, and stimulated by some acci- 
dental discoveries made in his reading, he, a 
short time ago, began a research on the subject, 
and prosecuted it in the intervals of official duty, 
with the care and diligence necessary to discover 
the facts. 

The conclusions at which he has arrived are 
recorded in this little book, a few copies of 
which are printed for distribution in the family. 
It will amuse some, instruct others, and, perhaps, 
a hundred years hence, should a copy survive the 
ravages of time, be of interest to our posterity. 

It makes no pretensions to literary merit, and 
the author has drawn on his imagination for 



nothing;. His sole object has been to arrive at 
the truths of his family history. To this end, he 
has consulted only family and official records, 
and the most authentic historical publications, 
and, occasionally, unchalleng^ed family tradi- 
tions. This is literally true of all the g^enerations 
which have lived in the past, and of the g-enera- 
tion to which the writer belong^s. Of the young^er 
g^enerations — of the children and grand-children 
of his cotemporaries — he does not pretend to 
g-ive a complete account. They are too numer- 
ous, and too much scattered. All he claims is, 
that what he has written concerning' them is true 
as far as it g;oes. 

For the facts of history on which he has relied 
in reaching- his conclusions, he is mainly indebted 
to a brief manuscript history of his family, 
written fifty years ago, by Ig-natius A. Few, L. 
L. D., a g^randson of William Candler, to the 
unpublished journals of the Leg:islature, and of 
the Fxecutive Council from 177() to 1787, and 
the old, unpublished bounty land papers in the 
office of the Secretary of State of the State of 
Georgfia. 

He has also consulted and drawn from : 

McCall's History of Georg^ia; 

White's Historical Collections of (ieorg-ia; 

Ramsay's History of South Carolina; 

Lee's Memoirs of the War in the South; 

Draper's King's Mountain and its Heroes; 

Johnson's Traditions of the Revolution; 

Prenderg-ast's Cromwellian Settlement of Ire- 
land; 



Burke's History of the Peerage; 
Burke's History of the Landed Gentry; 
Baker's History of Northampton County, and 
Walford's County Famihes of the United 
King-dom. 



CHAPTER I. 

At thd beginning of the Revolutionary War. 
there was, in the upper part of the Parish of St. 
Paul, in the province of Georgia, about thirty- 
five miles northwest of Augusta, a settlement 
on the waters of Little River, in the midst of 
which was a hamlet called W'rightsborough. 
This hamlet, and the territory surrounding it. is 
now in the county of McDuffie. 

The first settlement was made here about 
the year 1 ifiiT), by a small colony of Quakers, 
headed by a man named Kdmund Gray. They 
came from Mrginia. Gray was a turbulent schis- 
matist and soon became unpopular with his col- 
ony, and left it in the time of Governor Rey- 
nolds. The hamlet, at this time, was called 
Brandon. A few settlers, not Quakers, from the 
provinces farther north, and especially from the 
counties in North Carolina in which the "War 
of the Regulation" i^iT prevailed in 1771, joined 
the colony from time to time; but it made no 
marked progress until another colony, also 
Quakers, led by Joseph Mattock, from Cane 
Creek. North Carolina, joined it in the time of 
Governor W' right, about 1770. Mattock ob- 
tained from the Governor, for himself and fol- 
lowers, a grant of forty thousand acres of land 
upon which they settled, and changed the name 
of the hamlet from Brandon to WTightsborough, 
in honor of the royal Governor. Sir James 
Wright. 



This man Mattock was a man of some ability 
and had, at the bei^innin^^ of the War of the 
Revolution, attained consideral)le prominence 
in the parish, and was elected one of the repre- 
sentatives of St. Paul in the tirst leg-islature, 
or "provincial conofress," as it was called, that 
assembled in Savannah, on the 4th day of July, 
177."). to consider the g-rievances of the colonies; 
but bein«- at heart a tory, he declined to take his 
seat, and we hear nothing more of him. About 
the same time that Mattock came to WVig-hts- 
borough, another colony, mostly Baptists, headed 
by the Reverend Daniel Marshal, settled 
on Kiokee creek, about twenty miles east o'f 
Wrig-htsborough, in the same parish, and estab- 
lished the first Baptist church in Georg-ia. 

These Baptists were all whig-s, or rebels, and 
no community in the province stood more loy- 
ally by the cause of the colonies, nor rendered 
them more valuable services; but some of the 
Quakers at WTightsborough were tories. 

At the time of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, the settlement at \Vrig;htsboroug-h con- 
tained about two hundred families, and that on 
the Kiokee about as many. Subsequently, the 
men of the two settlements fought in the same 
regiment during- the War of the Revolution. 
The leading men of the Kiokee settlement were 
Abraham Marshal and Daniel Marshal, and of 
the Wrightsborough settlement, Benjamin Few. 
William Few. Ignatius Few.* and W^illiam 

♦There was another Few, James, the second of four brothers, who 
was captured and executed without a trial, near Sahsbury, North Caro- 

9 



C'andlcr. It is of the latter, his ancestry and 
prog:eny, that wc propose chiefly to write. 
Other persons will l)e onl\- incidentally men- 
tioned. 

Of the birth and early history of William 
Candler, as of many others of the heroes of the 
War of the Revolution, comparatively little can 
be gathered from written records, because of that 
period of the history of our State, but few 
records, either public or private, are in existence. 
When, during- the struggle for independence, 
the entire province of Georgia, inhabited l)y 
white men, then embracing only eight counties 
along its eastern border, was overrun by the 
British and tories, all the friends of liberty were 
dri\en from the State, their slaves and other 

lina, by Governor Tryon, in 177 1. He was one of the leaders of the 
Regulators, as they called themselves, who organized in six counties in 
that State: Orange, Randolph. Anson. Montgomery, Guilford and Chat- 
ham, and partially organized in two more, Rowan and Surry, as early 
as 1771, to resist the collection, by the officers of the royal government, 
of fees and taxes which were onerous and unauthorized by law. 

Three thousand of the Regulators fought a battle on the i6th day of 
May, 1771. on Alamance creek, in what is now Alamance county, with 
the king's troop.s, commanded by Governor Tryon in person. Two 
hundred of the Regulators were left dead on the tield, and many more 
were captured after a heroic resistance. Few was among the leaders 
who were captured, and being more obnoxious to the royal government 
than the others, was at once hanged without a trial. At Hillsboro, on 
the 9th of June, fourteen others were tried for treason. Two were 
acquitted and twelve found guilty and sentenced to death. Six were 
immediately executed, and the fate of the other six is not known. Thus. 
Captain James Few was the first martyr for American liberty, for this 
insurrection was, in fact, the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Soon 
after the murder of James Few, his three brothers, Benjamin, William 
and Ignatius, and their father, William Few, Sr., being suspected by the 
royal government, left North Carolma, and settled near their old neigh- 
bor, William Candler, in St. Paul's Parish, Georgia. The three brothers 
all became distinguished officers in the war for independence. 

10 



movable property stolen, and their habitations 
burned. With their habitations were also burned 
the family Bibles, and all other family records 
of the men who. by their patriotism and. valor, 
erected a g"reat State out of a feeble British 
province. Xor was this true alone of family 
and private records. Most of the public records 
of the infant State, covering- the revolutionary 
period of its history, were either captured and 
destroyed by the enem\-. or lost in transporta- 
tion from place to place, in the effort to save 
them from destruction. All the military records 
were lost in this way. and we have been thus 
deprived of the written military history of this, 
the most important and ev^entful period of our 
career as a State. 

Even the records of the executi\'e office during" 
this time are exceedingly frag-mentary and im- 
perfect, owing to the fact that the office of the 
Governor and the Executixe Council had. for 
three years, no fixed abode, but was sometimes 
in Savannah, sometimes in Augusta, sometimes 
at Ebenezer. and sometimes in Heard's Eort. in 
Wilkes county. This continual removal from 
place to place was necessary in order to keep 
out of the way of the enemy, who finally over- 
ran the entire State, carrying away everNthing" 
that was useful to him. and destroying what he 
did not care to carry away. 

The records pertaining to the office of Secre- 
tary of State alone were saved, and but for the 
untiring vigilance of Captain John Milton, the 
then incumbent of the office, they, too, would 



have been lost. When Savannah, the seat of 
g-Qvernment, was taken by the British, in 
Deceml)er, 1778, Secretary Milton fled with the 
records of his office to Charleston, and secreted 
them in a place of safety. Later on, when 
Charleston was in danger of capture, he took 
them to Newbern, North Carolina, and leaving 
them there, in the care of Cjovernor Nash, he 
returned, and joined the army operating- against 
the enemy in Georgia and the Carolinas. 
Finally, when it became apparent that they were 
in danger of capture there, he got leave of 
absence from his command, again took charge 
of his records, and carried them to Maryland, 
where they remained till the close of the w^ar, 
w-hen they were brought back to Georgia by 
Captain Nathaniel Peare. a veteran of the war 
for independence. 

Thus the records of this office alone, of all the 
departments of the State government, are nearly 
complete. All the others covering the revo- 
lutionary period, are either entirely lost, or 
exceedingly imperfect. 

In consequence of the loss or destruction in 
this way of the records, both public and private, 
covering this period, but little is now known of 
the antecedents and family histories of many of 
the most gallant spirits, who by valor and self- 
sacrifice, established the independence of the 
American States. 

This is especially true of the Georgians of 
that day, because theirs was the youngest, the 
most sparsely populated, the most remote, and, 



consequently, the least important of the thirteen 
British provinces in America. There are, how- 
ever, well authenticated traditions, and scraps of 
recorded history, and official records, scattered 
here and there, which escaped destruction, and 
which taken tog^ether, and interpreted, the one 
in the lig-ht of the others, enable us to come 
with reasonable certainty to a correct conclusion 
as to the orig"in and ancestry of William Can- 
dler, one of the founders of the State of Georg-ia. 

From such sources of information as we have 
had access to, it is certain that he was born in 
17:3(5. and that his parents, if not he, were born 
in Ireland. His father, though born, reared and 
educated in Ireland, was of pure English blood, 
and his mother of equally pure Irish. At what 
precise time they came to America is not now 
positively known; but it is probable that they 
came about the. year 17135, and that William 
Candler's father died soon after their arrival. His 
mother"' lived to the advanced age of a hundred 
and five years. Her maiden name is not known 
to any of her descendants now living, but that 
she was of the Irish race is well established. 
There has always been a tradition in the family 
that we have Irish blood in our veins, and Irish 
traits and features are strongly marked in many 
of her descendants down to this day, and her 
husband was not Irish, but English. Hence the 
Irish strain must be derived from her. 

As will appear later on, it cannot be doubted 
that William Candler, of Georgia, the first 
Candler named in any of the colonial records, 

*l)r. Few's manuscript 



was the g^randson of Lieutenant Colonel Wil- 
liam Candler* of Northampton county, England, 
who served under Cromwell in the conquest of 
Ireland, and afterward settled in the barony of 
Callan, in the county of Kilkenny, which had 
been given to him as a bounty for his military 
services, about the year 1()53. 

At this time Puritan ignorance, bigotry and 
fanaticism reigned supreme in England. The 
king had been put to death; the House of Lords 
had been abolished as a useless appendage to 
the government, and the Commons driven, at 
the point of the bayonet, from the halls of legis- 
lation. Cromwell summoned an assembly of a 
hundred and twenty men. the most bigoted and 
fanatical of his followers. They assembled in 
the parliament house, voted themselves a parlia- 

*This William Candler first appeared in Ireland in 1648. while Oliver 
Cromwell was Lord Lieutenant, as a captain in the regiment commanded by 
Sir Hardress Waller. Afterward he won, by meritorious conduct, promotion 
to a lieutenant colonelcy, and after the subjugation and conquest of the 
island, he set'led in Callan Castle. Callan Castle was a strong fortress, 
Cromwell says in his account of his campaign, six miles from the town of 
Kilkenny. It was defended by a wall and three castles, Butler's castle, 
.Skerry castle and "the Great Castle." It was invested by Cromwell in 
person . Its garrison fought bravely, but finally Cromwell stormed and 
carried the Great Castle and put all its defenders to the sword. Butler's 
Castle surrendered, and the men were spared: but Skerry fought desper- 
ately and refused to surrender, and. unable to make a break in the wall, 
the English scalded all of its defenders to death. After the complete 
subjugation of the people. Cromwell confiscated three-fourths of their 
lands. In the division of the spoils, the barony of Callan fell to 
Lieutenant Colonel William Candler, one of the conquerors, and to Ihis 
day it, together with its frowning castle, its fertile acres, and its ancient 
cathedral, is in the possession of his descendants. A few years a^o, in 
excavating for a building at Callan, vast quantities of human bones were 
discovered in a trench, in which the bodies of the brave defenders of 
Callan were buried, more than two hundred years ago. 



ment. and "proceeded to their work with seekin.o- 
God by prayer: this office was performed by 
eig-ht or ten gifted men of the assembly, and with 
so much success that they had nev^er before, in 
any of their de\otional exercises, enjoyed so much 
of the Holy Spirit. ^' " ^ % ^ ^ 

"They thought it, therefore, their duty to pro- 
ceed to a thorough reformation, and to pave the 
way for the reign of the Redeemer. Learning 
and the Universities were deemed heathenish 
and unnecessary; the common law was denounc- 
ed as a badge of the conquest and of Norman 
slavery; and they threatened the lawyers with a 
total abrogation of their profession. Some steps 
were even taken toward the abolition of the chan- 
cery, the highest court of judicature in the king- 
dom; and the Mosaical law was intended to be 
established as the sole system of English juris- 
prudence." '• 

Such were the men in whose hands were the 
destines of three kingdoms. In their blind big- 
otry and fanaticism they believed, or professed 
to believe, that they were the chosen instruments 
of God to destroy Catholicism, and establish pur- 
itanism all over the world, beginning with Ire- 
land. To this end an army was raised in Eng- 
land to be supported by subscriptions of money 
made by English speculators. In the inaugara- 
tion of this campaign of fanaticism and conquest 
it was agreed that all lands acquired in Ireland 
should be portioned out among the adventurers. 
as those who furnished the money to prosecute 

*Hume. 



the war were called, and the soldiers who foug"ht 
the battles. 

Cromwell was made Lord Lieutenant. Ireland 
was invaded, and the annals of the world show no 
parallel among^ Christian nations to the cruelty 
and barbarities practiced upon the Irish people 
by Cromwell and his fanatical followers. In nine 
months the entire island was overrun. Three- 
fourths of the land was confiscated, and five-sixths 
of all the Irish people either perished by famine 
and the sword, or were driven into exile beyond 
the seas. All the nobility and gentry were ex- 
iled, and forty thousand of the arms-bearing men, 
driven from their homes by the invaders, had 
taken service in the armies of the kings of Spain 
and Poland, entertaining, doubtless, a hope that 
they might, by some turn of fortune, return and 
recover their beloved island, which was now re- 
duced to a desolate solitude of want and misery. 

" Women and children were found daily per- 
ishing in ditches, starved. The bodies of many 
wandering orphans, whose fathers had embarked 
for Spain, and whose mothers had died of fam- 
ine, were preyed upon by wolves. 

" In l()r)2 and Kilo the plague had swept away 
whole counties, so that a man might travel 
twenty or thirty miles and not see a living 
creature. Beasts and birds were all dead, or had 
quit these desolate places." " 

The fiat had gone forth that the remnant of 
the unfortunate race should be huddled together 
in the single province of Connaught, the most 

♦Prendergast. 



barren and least desirable on the island, while 
the other three provinces should be divided out, 
excepting- the towns and the church lands, which 
were reserved to the g-overnment, among the 
invaders. The only exceptions were the Irish 
girls under twelve years old, and boys under 
fourteen. These were to be kept as servants to 
the conquerors. To add to the horrors of the 
situation, this universal transplanting of an entire 
nation was to be accomplished in a few months, 
in the dead of winter, and any Irishman or Irish- 
woman, other than the exceptions above noted, 
found outside of the boundary lines of Con- 
naught after the first day of the following May, 
was to suffer death. 

"While the government was employed in clear- 
ing the ground for the adventurers by making 
the gentry and nobility yield up their ancient 
inheritances and withdraw to Connaught, they 
had agents actively engaged throughout Ireland 
seizing women, orphans and the destitute, to be 
transported to Barbadoes and the English plan- 
tations in America. The orphan children of the 
Irish gentry and nobility, who had fallen in 
battle, were seized and sold into slavery. Orders 
were given to the commanders of garrisons to 
deliver up to these traffickers in Irish flesh all 
the prisoners of war held by them, and to the 
masters of workhouses to hand over into slavery 
' all who were of an age to labor, or if women, 
were marriageable, and not past breeding.' " 

"Thus those who had escaped death by famine 
and the sword were sold into slavery to the 



Bristol sugar merchants and the Barbadoes 
planters." 

" But at last the evil became too shocking-, 
particularly when these dealers in human flesh 
beg-an to seize the daughters and children of the 
English themselves, and to force them aboard 
their slave ships. At the end of four years these 
barbarous orders were revoked." '"■ 

But while these brutal military decrees had 
been annulled, statutes the most cruel, and pun- 
ishments the most revolting for the oppression 
and degradation of the Irish people, and to pre- 
vent the amalgamation of the two races, had 
been enacted by parliament, and were still un- 
repealed. By "the statute of Kilkenny," it was 
made high treason for an English officer to 
marry an Irish woman, and the penalty was 
death. + I'pon common soldiers and private 
citizens, who thus offended, punishments less se- 
vere but most ignominious were denounced. 
No degradation was too deep for a papist; no 
punishment too severe for those who intermar- 
ried with them, or showed sympathy for them in 
their mercy. 

*Prendergast. 

tThe sentence of the court upon t^ie conviction of William Parry, L. L. 
D , of a violation of this law, was. as it stands recorded today, in these 
words : " The court doth award and adjudge that thou shalt be had from 
hence to the place from whence thou didst come, and so drawn upon a 
hurdle to the place of execution ; and there to be hanged and let down alive, 
and thy private pai ts be rut offe, and thy entrails be taken out and burn- d 
in thy sight, and then thy head to be cut offe, and thy body to be divided 
into four parts.'' 

Another case: -"William Swords, a foot soldier in Lieutenant Colonel 
Venable's own company belonging to Ireland, for concubinage with an 
Iriih woman was adjudged to be whipped at the limber of a piece cf 

18 



So g^reat were the prejudices and hatred at 
this time of the Puritans of Eng-land for the 
CathoHcs of Ireland. All the crimes of the 
canting, psalm-singing- fanatics, who now held 
Ireland in their cruel grasp, were perpetrated, 
too, in the name of religion. These sometimes 
barbarous, and always cruel and ignominious 
punishments, were inflicted upon offenders, not 
because they had violated the seventh com- 
mandment, but because the co-offender was an 
Irish woman— "in violation of the third article 
of warre. " 

But it is due the English soldiers, the instru- 
ments through which these Praise-God-Bare- 
bones legislators and generals wrought the 
ruin of Ireland, and swept, as with the besom 
of destruction, her long-suffering people from 
the face of the earth, to say that they, or at 
least most of them, were shocked at the bru- 
tality of these laws and military orders, and the 
barbarities inflicted on ihe people of the pros- 
trate race; and after the allotment of the lands, 
many or the former owners of the parcels which 
which fell to the soldiers, and their children, 
were sheltered by them, and the strongest 

ordnance in Windsor, from the castle gate to the church yard gate in the 
High street, and back again, with a whip cord lash." 

As late as the 15th of June 1655, it is recorded that; "Whereas by 
court-martial this day held at Whitehall, Hugh Powell, a soldier in Cap- 
tain Lieu'enant Hoarc's company of Collonel Hanson's regiment was 
convicted, and found guilty of fornicat'on within the third article of 
warre, and for the same was adjudged to be whipped on the bare back 
with a whip cord lash, and have forty stripes while he is led through the 
four companies of the Irish forces before Whitehall, at the time of 
parade, 1 n Monday next, and twenty stripes more after that at Putney." 



attachments grew up between them; for having^ 
settled among the Irish people, and comini^ in 
daily contact with them, they, as do all who 
know them well, learned to love them, and 
to appreciate this sprii^htly. witty and affection- 
ately loyal race of men. who "seem to be fresh 
from the hand of nature, and to belong to an 
earlier and uncorrupted world" — a race of whom 
the king: of Poland truthfully said, "There is no 
race on earth amon;^- whom are so few fools 
and cowards." Over the rest of Europe, a 
thousand years of Roman and feudal slavery 
had divided society into conquerors and con- 
quered, into g;entlemen and serfs; so that the 
lower classes are, in many countries, but eman- 
cipated \illains, exhibiting: traces of their former 
serlish condition in their stolid disposition and 
brutal manners. But Ireland escaped the feudal 
yoke, and hence, perhaps, it is that the com- 
monest Irishman has something; in him of the 
g-entleman. His " Circ^ean charms" are nothing: 
else than the g:races of a people not lowered or 
broken by the feudal yoke, and by these they 
won the hearts of the Engrlish soldiers, sent 
among- them for their extermination. 

But the fires of fanaticism still burned in the 
bosoms of the Puritan law makers of England, 
who ruled Ireland at that time, as she is now 
ruled, with a despotic hand from London. The 
hatred of Catholicism still rankled in the Puri- 
tan heart, and while the most barbarous of 
these laws for the oppression of the subjugated 
race were repealed at the restoration, others. 



less barbarous, but equally prescriptive, were 
retained and enforced to prevent the intermar- 
riag;e of the two races; the policy of the English 
parliament still being- to stamp out papacy, or 
exterminate the Irish race. 

• "By such marriages parliament considered 
that Almighty God was dishonored." 

"A Protestant woman, who had real property 
and married a papist, was pronounced dead in 
law, and her estate devolved upon the Protest- 
ant the next of kin. A Protestant man who 
married a papist was in law a papist, and could 
not sit in parliament, nor hold any office, civil 
or military." '' 

While the death penalty, and other bloody 
punishments had been repealed, the less barbar- 
ous, but equally prescriptive, were retained, and 
the PZnglish gentleman who brought reproach 
upon his family name by marrying a woman, 
even of the highest rank, of the despised race, 
not only subjected himself to these penalties, but 
was ostracised by his English neighbors, and 
disowned by his own family. So great was the 
hatred of the Puritan P^nglish for the Catholic 
Irish. 

William Candler of Georgia was the fruit of 
one of these interdicted marriages. His father 
was an English gentleman, connected by blood, 
not only with the nobility, but with the royal 
family. He married a daughter of the despised 
Irish race, and thus disqualified himself to sit in 
parliament or to hold any office, civil or military, 

*Froude. 



and put himself under the ban of social ostracism, 
and forfeited the friendship and sympathy of his 
own family All that was left him to do was to 
g-o with his young wife beyond the seas to seek a 
home, and make for himself, in the new world, 
fortune and a name, and at the same time 
escape, as well the ostracism of his own kindred 
and race, as the penalty of the law. There is 
nothing- more common, nor more natural, than 
for those, who leave the land of their birth to 
seek homes in a new country, to go where they 
have relatives and friends. Actuated by this com- 
mon impulse, William Candler's father, when he 
had \ iolated these statute and social laws, crossed 
the Atlantic with the wife for whom he had 
sacrificed so much, and came to North Carolina. 
The original charter of this prov^ince was 
granted to his relative, Edward Hyde, Earl 
of Clarendon, and seven other English 
noblemen, and gentlemen, and some of the 
relatives of the Earl had probably come over 
with the first colony. Certain it is that some of 
them were there when W^illiam Candler's father 
came, for only a few years before this his cousin, 
Edward Hyde, junior, the grandson of the Earl 
of Clarendon, was governor of the province, and 
died of yellow fever while holding that ofifice. 
His descendants are still in the State, and are 
now of prominence wherever found. In this 
province William Candler's father settled, his 
son W^illiam and probably another son, was 
born there, and soon after the birth of his son, 
he died there, being still a young man. Here 



we find William Candler, in IKiO; here he mar- 
ried, as is shown by the records, and here his 
three oldest children were born. 

If he had a brother, and family tradition says 
he had. he was probably the prog-enitor of all 
the Candlers in North Carolina and Virginia . 
They trace their lineage back to Zachariah 
Candler, who appeared in western North Caro- 
lina about the beginning of the present century, 
and belonged to the first generation after the War 
of the Revolution. They do not know whether 
they are descended from the English or the Irish 
stock, but the fact that their earliest ancestor, 
of whom they have any account, lived soon after 
the war, in that state from which William 
Candler came a few years before the war, 
strengthens the supposition that the father of 
Zachariah Candler, and his brother John, who 
died in Tennessee in the early part of the pres- 
ent century, was the brother of William Candler 
of Georgia. 

At some time between ITO.l and 1709 \\'illiam 
Candler came, with his family, to Georgia; but 
in what precise year we do not know. In the 
office of the Secretary of State of Georgia is re- 
corded a conveyance, dated February od, 1T()9, 
of "two negro slaves, Chester and Agnes," made 
by "William Candler, of the parish of St. Paul," 
to John Walton. This fixes him as a citizen of 
Cjeorgia at that date. On the first day of August 
of the same year was recorded, in the same office, 
a grant to him of "two hundred and fifty acres 
of land on the waters of Little River, in the par- 



ish of St. Paul." afterwards the county of Rich- 
mond. On this land he settled and lived, and 
died in 17S7.* 

In 1771 he was appointed, by the royal govern- 
ment of the province, a deputy surveyor, and on 
the K^th of April, 177:^, he was commissioned by 
Sir James \Vrig;ht, then governor of Georgia, 
Captain of the 12th company of the Second Reg- 
iment, commanded by Colonel James Jackson — 
"company in the lower part of Wrightsborough 
township, to be divided from Captain Stewart's 
company by a line from the mouth of Cane creek 
up to the head thereof, across to the head of 
Sweet Water, and down that to the Indian line." 

When the trouble between the mother country 
and the northern provinces began, he, as were 
most (jeorgians, was slow to advocate separation, 
but preferred to exhaust all peaceable means to 
secure a redress of grievances, before resorting 
to arms. Of all the British provinces in America, 
Georgia had least grounds for revolt. The En- 
lish parliament had never passed any act, save 
only the Stamp Act, that materially affected her 
people; and that had never been enforced in the 
province. It had, however, expended many thou- 
sands of pounds in an effort to promote the 
growth and prosperity of the colony, and to pro- 
tect it from the incursions of the savages, who 
surrounded it on three sides. Thus exposed to 

*Doctor Few says he died in 1789, but he was mistaken. There- 
cords of land grants in the office of the surveyor-general show grants is- 
sued to "the heirs of William Candler" in the latter part of 1787 . The 
warrants were issued to William Candler; but he having died before he 
took out the grants, they were made to his heirs, as the law required. 

24 



dangerous enemies on the north, south and west, 
and having only shght grounds of complaint, but 
on the contrary having much for which to be 
grateful, she was the last to take up arms. So 
slow indeed was she in appealing to the sword, 
that her nearest neighbor. South Carolina, with 
that zeal and intolerance which still characterizes 
many of her public men, attempted, by passing 
a "non-intercourse law," to force her into action; 
but all to no effect. The sturdy sons of Geor- 
gia, acting on the motto which they soon after- 
wards emblazoned on their escutcheon, "Wis- 
dom, Justice, Moderation." pursued the even tenor 
of their way till it became apparent that recon- 
ciliation between England and her colonies was 
impossible. Then Georgia hesitated no longer; 
but regardless of the dangers to which she ex- 
posed herself at the hands of the savage allies of 
the royal government, the smoke of whose wig- 
wams could be seen on every side but one, she 
put herself in line with her sisters, and as a re- 
ward for her temerity, suffered more in the con- 
flict than any other one of the thirteen revolted 
colonies. For twelve months before the Decla- 
ration of Independence she was in line, and her 
patriotic citizens were sending supplies of food 
and ammunition to their brethren in Boston, and 
organizing troops to strike for independence; and 
in all this patriotic work no one was more active 
than W^illiam Candler, of Richmond county. By 
his ardent zeal in support of the colonies at this 
time, he rendered himself so obnoxious to the 
crown government, that when the enemy had 



overrun the entire State, and had driven into ex- 
ile all of its best citizens, and re-established the 
royal authority throug^hout its borders, the tory 
lei^islature at Savannah, on the (5th of July, 1780, 
passed an act proscribing^ him, along: with a hun- 
dred and fifty others of the leaders of the patri- 
ots in Georg-ia. By this act, not only were the 
estates of all the most prominent and influential 
whig^s of the State confiscated to the crown, but 
each of them was, by name, disqualified to hold 
oftice, vote, or sit on juries. 

At this time a reigin of terror prevailed in 
Georg^ia. Unfortunately for the patriots, when 
Augusta fell into the hands of the British, 
Colonel Thomas Brown, a notorious tory leader, 
was placed in command of the post. Prior to 
the beginning of active hostilities, he had lived 
in Augusta, and by his offensive and intemper- 
ate zeal in support of the crown, and consequent 
hostility to the cause of the colonies, he became 
so obnoxious to the patriots of Richmond 
county that they arrested him, administered a 
good coat of tar and feathers, and paraded him 
up and down through the streets of Augusta, for 
a full half day, on a cart drawn b>' three sorry 
mules, to his great discomfiture and the great 
amusement of the populace. After this indig"- 
nity he was driven from the State, and in South 
Carolina, whither he fled, he became a leader 
among the tories, who were much more numer- 
ous there than they ever were in upper (Georgia. 

In Richmond county, then the second county 
in the State in population and importance, there 



Th.e rirat o oust it-ut ion \7r.s alojtcd by t.^e cjri-. 
loa in 3aTc/aia.h on the- iitli of ?ob:?u-.ry,1777,r. i.I 
"irst ieoiBlot-irs uivier tais cons r.i tuition net in 
.-oil^-?oia3 "r*y. One of tie iiont ±ix?ortcat .lairs 
at-c+.o.l b^ t.iis lo.:i3lr.tnre v^s "y^ii Act -.for +/ie o :- 
Ision of int'-rnal e.ic;aiea i'roa this ^tK-.to", ?;ie o.i."- 
ont of fnis la;? Ta.3 placca in tic h-^-nL^ o? a looi.l 
ruiittee in ec.o'a county, ^no ! anbore of th'3f3a co;a- 
ttoos -vera aclcotod by the l^.-i3l.^ture .wnd m;iiei m 
le act, "^neir i-.tiOB ^7oro ic''.inr>d r*nl tney F^ra ?ii- 
^ored to cki^roe rii^ioyal jjcrrjon^^ oon^i^icrvte tnoir 
t;^.t03, *i;!ijriL;---)n withont bt'.il or iicin-o cizo " tc> 
rs,-i:3port bejfon^l tiio lirjlt:3 of this at>t3", ^nd ' 
'lor oartoin cirGr.n;3u-.ncet3,c>/en to x^ut to loj^th, 
The oor:iittGe for ' ic:x.:on I coimty wac Lerifi 
ur io ior,BoTci,'^9''/, T'illip^n C:viilor,C":mrieri Crc.«-f or 1, 

5r5 ncPsirlc,v',John Dt-ith, oohn ^'r.?.tt,r>iony:iiu3 
'i ;^t, ?5:ior-'OGcl •l-.xc, •tnpar^y ^'ollfs, Jo;shna ;^2.i--.lor;i, 

It "tTEis thi;3 con tittQo r'lich put thia jror.t 
Ii:-iity on Colonel e-.^-rn. :'e ico it ic not Btranjo 
...t lie, i7hf?n he bocano Gupre.ic in and Lvround Au./jntc., 
uvod out t'lO vialii of hi.i Trc.th v.oon tnoir -Le<id3. "tit 
re t?io ^z^-'OxrA obiocta of .ii;3 v-on.':«5f-nco cvirl tcj.-'o 
•iven with ^hou; f?«.dl...©» into o.cilo, their h-OTies 
:; destroyol, their property Gonfi;jcf'.ted end somo 
' thon put to l-Tith. 



r 



were but few tories. Her people had always 
been true to the colonies, and remained true 
throughout the strug"g-le, notwithstanding- the 
reig:n of terror inaugurated by Brown, after the 
fall of Augusta. 

Smarting under the remembrance of bodily 
pain and the humiliating indignity he had 
suffered at the hands of her people, he pursued 
them with a malignant cruelty and vindictive 
hate unequaled in any other place or State, 
even in that struggle, marked, as it was. for 
cruelty and the utter disregard, by the British 
and tories, of every right conceded to belliger- 
ents by the laws of nations, and the rules of 
civilized warfare. Homes were rendered deso- 
late and were "filled with blood, ashes and tears." 
The patriots were compelled to pass under a 
yoke too heavy to be borne. Further sojourn in 
upper Georgia was rendered intolerable, and all 
good people forsook the country dominated over 
by the insatiate Brown and his followers. 

"Before the end of three months, all the 
property, both real and personal, of the 
patriots in Georgia, was disposed of by confis- 
cation. For further gains, Indians were encour- 
aged to bring in slaves wherever they could find 
them. ^ ^^ ^^ ^ 

"All families were subjected to the visits of 
successive banditti, who received commissions 
as volunteers, with no pay but that derived from 
rapine. 

"' * " * "Patriots were outlawed and sav- 
agely murdered, homes burned, and women and 



children driven shelterless into the forests; and 
districts so desolated that they seemed only the 
abodes of orphans and widows." ■'•' 

Savannah had fallen, Aug^usta had fallen, 
and, on the 12th of May, ITSO, Charleston fell; 
and there was not an org-anized army of patriots 
south of V^iro^inia. 

Cornwallis had five thousand troops in South 
Carolina and two thousand in (ieorgria, and 
expected to supplement this force with reo;i- 
ments he determined to raise among- the loyal- 
ists of these States ( .South Carolina and 
Georgfia ). The inhal^tants of the districts were 
to be enrolled; the men above forty were to be 
held responsible for order, and the y"oung: men 
were held liable to military service. Major Patrick 
Ferg-uson was sent into the districts to see that 
these orgfanizations were made. Any one found 
thereafter in arms against the king- was to be 
sentenced to death for desertion and treason. 
Commissions were put in the hands of men v^oid 
of honor, or compassion, who g-athered about 
them proflig^ate ruffians, who roamed through 
these States indulg^ing- in rapine, and ready to 
put patriots to death as outlaws.! 

This was the condition of Georg^ia and South 
Carolina after the fall of Savannah, Aug-usta 
and Charleston. To record all the barbarities 
heaped upon these people would require a vol- 
ume. To remain at home was either dishonor 
or death. To leave home, and go into exile. 

•Bancroft 

tSchenck's North Carolina. 

28 



was financial ruin, and unutterable suffering-. 
In the emerg"ency. many who had been ardent 
patriots during" all the first years of the war. suc- 
cumbed to the minions of the tyrant, and took 
British "protection." This was especially true 
in South Carolina. In that State, many who 
had been leaders in the cause of independence 
at the beg-inning: of the struggle, paralyzed by 
the calamities that had overtaken them, pass- 
i\ely submitted and took the oath. Among- these 
were Charles Pinckney. late president of the 
State Senate; Rawlins Lowndes, late president 
of the State of South Carolina, and Henry Laur- 
ens, president of the first American cong-ress. 

In Georgia, however, especially upper Geor- 
gia, but few patriots of prominence yielded. 
The barbarity and the imperious demands of 
the ruthless invader only nerved the Georg^ia 
re\olutionists to a more heroic resistance. They 
chose exile and poverty with honor, rather than 
safety and affluence with dishonor. 

Among- the most unyieldmg was William 
Candler. Rejecting^ with scorn and contempt 
the terms offered l)y the enemy, he abandoned 
his home and ample fortune, and soug;ht refuge 
for his family beyond the Alleghany mountains, 
in the wilds of Tennessee, and leaxing^ them 
there, he returned to the conflict to stay until the 
insolent foe was driven from the borders of his 
State. 

Prior to the fall of Savannah, no military op- 
erati(ms on an extensive scale were carried on in 
(Jeorg-ia. 



At the beginning- of the war a brigade of four 
small battalions was raised, and put under com- 
mand of General Mcintosh; and all the militia 
of the State were enrolled, and thoroughly organ- 
ized: but the principal fighting on her soil con- 
sisted of numerous skirmishes, which did not 
rise to the dignity of battles, between small 
scouting parties of patriots, and predatory bands 
of Indians and tories. There had been no occa- 
sion to call out the entire militia, nor, indeed, 
any considerable part of it. The troops engaged 
in these frequent skirmishes rarely exceeded in 
number a captain's company. They were usu- 
ally volunteer bands, enlisted for no definite time, 
going and coming very much as they pleased, 
without discipline, and having none of the quali- 
ties of a good soldier but patriotism and bravery. 
It was by such soldiers, young and adventurous 
spirits, that most of the fighting in Georgia, prior 
to the fall of Savannah, was done. 

During this time, while we find abundant evi- 
dence in the records that William Candler was 
active in the civil affairs of the State, and promi- 
nent in its councils — so prominent indeed that 
when the enemy captured Savannah, in 1778, and 
re-established the royal government, one of the 
first acts of the tory legislature was to pass a law 
to proscribe him as a traitor to the crown — it does 
not appear that he was actively engaged in the 
military service. No enemy had invaded Geor- 
gia, and the militia organizations of the State, in 
one of which he was an officer, had not as yet 
been called into action. 



But when, in the autumn of 1779, Sir Henry 
CHnton, who had succeeded Sir William Howe 
as commander-in-chief of the British armies in 
America, determined to transfer the scene of 
war to the South, and was to this end concentrat- 
ing his forces, with the determination to accom- 
plish in that quarter, if possible, what his prede- 
cessors had, for nearly four years, vainly en- 
deavored to accomplish at the North, the con- 
quest of the country, and the subjug^ation of the 
people, he appears among- the first to buckle on 
his armor, and confront the invader. Having, 
as has already been said, rather than submit, 
even passively and temporarily, to the rule of the 
minions of the royal government, abandoned 
home and fortune, and taken his wife and 
younger children into exile in the wilds beyond 
the Alleghany mountains, he returned to the 
conflict, there to remain till all the enemies of 
his beloved State were driven beyond the seas, 
and her independence acknowledged by the 
British king. 

Most of the patriots in Georgia, and many of 
those in South Carolina, pursued the same 
course. In Richmond county, scarcely any who 
were able to get away remained. Almost all 
went into exile in the other States, most of them 
into North Carolina, but some into Virginia, 
and others into Maryland; among the latter, the 
Fews, who had originally come from that State 
to Georgia, stopping, however, a number of years 
in North Carolina, on the way. 



William Candler was a Captain in the royal 
militia when the War of the Revolution beg"an, 
having" been commissioned as such on the 12th 
day of April. ITTo. He was therefore a man 
not without experience in military matters, and 
was a leader in the community in which he 
lived. 

As soon as war became inevitable, all the 
military organizations throughout the State 
were purged, and every officer and man sus- 
pected of disaffection toward the colonies was 
expelled, and a thorough reorganization made. 
In this reorganization Captain William Candler 
was made Major, and he continued to hold that 
rank till about the end of the year I ITS. In 
November of that year the legislature passed a 
law requiring the election of new officers in all 
the companies and regiments in the State, and 
in this reorganization he was elected Colonel. 
At what precise time this reorganization was 
made we do not know, for there are to be found 
nowhere any minutes of the Executive Council 
or other military records, from the 22nd of 
December, 1778, to the 24th of July, 1779, and 
the election ordered by the law of November, 
1778, was required by the law to be held in sixty 
days. Hence, it must have been held in Janu- 
ary, 1779. in the six months of which we have 
no record. All we know from the records is 
that William Candler was a major at the begin- 
ning of this six months, and a colonel at the 
end of it, and that there was, probably in Janu- 
ary, 1779, a reorganization of all the militia 



regiments in the State. Hence it is probable 
that he. at this reorg-anization, was elected 
Colonel. 

Prior to this time, the arms-bearing; men of 
Richmond county, who, at the beg-inning- of the 
war were organized into one large regiment of 
thirteen companies, had been divided into two 
regiments, the "upper" and the "lower" regiment 
of Richmond county. Candler was Colonel of 
the "upper regiment," bordering on Wilkes 
county, the men of which constituted one regi- 
ment, under command of Colonel Elijah Clarke. 
When the infamous Colonel Brown occupied 
Augusta, and drove the families of the patriots 
into exile, these two regiments were greatly 
depleted, most of the men composing them hav- 
ing been forced to go with their wives and 
children into other States, or leave them to 
starve, or be murdered by the minions of the 
tyrant. The Colonels of these regiments them- 
selves, with the remnants of their commands 
still remaining with them, were unable to remain 
longer in Georgia, but were drifting aimlessly 
about in upper South Carolina, there being at 
this time no semblance of an organized army of 
patriots in either State to which they could 
attach themselves. All they could do, and all 
they attempted to do, was to wage a sort of 
guerrilla warfare against small detachments, and 
imprudent foraging parties of the enemy, when 
they ventured a little too far from the posts to 
which they belonged. 



At this juncture, Colonel Clarke and some of 
his followers, among whom was Colonel Cand- 
ler and a mere fragment of his militia regiment, 
conceived the idea of going rapidly back to 
upper Georgia, making a sudden attack on 
Augusta, capturing or destroying the garrison, 
breaking up the post, and thus relieving all of 
that portion of the State, of which Augusta was 
the center, and the most important point. 
Colonel McCall, with a hundred South Caro- 
linians, joined the expedition. 

With this object in view they returned, and in 
the month of September appeared before the 
town. Many suffering patriots, who were still 
skulking in the woods about their desolate 
homes, hailed with delight the approach of 
Clarke and his followers, and at once rallied to 
his standard. These new recruits, being princi- 
pally Richmond county men, attached them- 
selves to Colonel Candler's remnant of a regi- 
ment, that being the only Richmond county 
organization engaged in this effort to reclaim 
Augusta, and relieve upper Georgia of the pres- 
ence of the enemy. But, for want of artillery, 
and because of heavy reinforcements received by 
Brown, the tory commander of the British 
forces, the effort failed, and the country around, 
and the few remaining citizens were, if possible, 
in a more deplorable condition than they were 
before this unsuccessful effort for their relief. 

Clarke and his little army raised the siege, 
and retired to the back country, leaving, from 
necessity, many wounded, who fell into the 



1146009 

hands of the enemy. These unfortunates were 
treated with the most barbaric crueUy by Brown 
and his savage alhes, and twelve of them were 
hanged by his order in the room in which he 
lay wounded, in order that he might enjoy the 
fiendish pleasure of seeing their dying agonies- 

This attack on Augusta only enraged the tory 
commander, and caused him to oppress with a 
more despotic hand the poor and the weak who 
were unable to get out of the State. 

The British commander-in-chief in Charleston 
had already fulminated an edict that all men 
under forty years old, remaining in the States of 
Georgia and South Carolina, should be enrolled 
as British soldiers, and be required to take up 
arms in defense of the British king; and any 
who refused were to be treated as traitors, and 
when captured, shot as deserters. The insatiate 
Brown enforced this decree with the utmost 
rigor, and, to avoid death or service with the 
tories, every patriot had to join the patriot army, 
however reluctant or ill-prepared to do so. 

These high-handed measures, unheard of hith- 
erto in civilized warfare, only wrought the pa- 
triots up to a more determined resistance. But 
to be effective, more thorough and compact or- 
ganization of the troops was necessary. To this 
end, Colonel Candler, at this juncture, with the 
remnant of his old militia regiment, which had 
gone with him in this attack upon Augusta, as a 
nucleus, raised a new regiment of volunteers, 
composed entirely, as their bounty certificates 
show, of men who had joined him during the 



siege, and others who had gone into exile, but 
who, leaving their families in places of safety, 
returned to join this, one of the first, if not the 
first, purely volunteer regiment of Georgians or- 
ganized for the defense of the State during the 
struggle. These men were enlisted to serve "till 
the British are totally expelled from the State." 
They elected their own officers, and were distin- 
guished during the remainder of the war, as "the 
Regiment of Refugees, of Richmond county," 
because it was composed entirely of Richmond 
county men, whose families were in "refugee- 
ship," or exile in other States. 

No record was made at the time in books in 
the executive offices of the State, of the organ- 
ization of this regiment, and other similar or- 
ganizations of Georgians made by Colonels 
Clarke and Ben Few about the same time, be- 
cause there was at that time, in Georgia, no ex- 
ecutive office, no governor, and no civil govern- 
ment, all records that had not been captured, 
having been sent "to the northward," and the 
gov-ernor having retired to North Carolina. 

All the record we have of them, other than 
their achievements in the field, is to be found in 
the mass of old bounty land papers, which have 
remained, undisturbed, and uncared for, in the 
capitol of the State for more than a hundred 
years. During this long period of time the cap- 
ital has been removed four times, and once 
captured and ravaged by a hostile army. Amid 
these vicissitudes no doubt many of these old 
papers, containing records so valuable, hav^e 



been lost or destroyed, and with them have also 
been lost even the names of many of the gallant 
men who constituted these regiments. But 
many have been preserved, and from them we 
have gathered the names of all of the field offi- 
cers, many of the line ofiicers, and some of the 
privates. 

The field officers of "the Regiment of Refu- 
gees, of Richmond county," who took charge of 
it at its organization, in 1780, were William 
Candler, Colonel; David Robeson, Lieutenant- 
colonel; John Shields, Major; John McCarthy, 
Adjutant, and Rev. Loveless Savage, Chaplain. 

Some of the line officers w^ere Robert Spur- 
lock, Captain; Ezekiel Offutt, Captain; Abra- 
ham Ayers, Captain; John Shackleford, Captain; 
Frederick Stallings, Captain; James Stallings, 
Lieutenant; Edmund Martin, Lieutenant; and 
James Martin, Lieutenant. The names of the 
other company officers may be hidden away in 
the uncared-for piles of Revolutionary and other 
old dust-covered papers in the storage rooms of 
the capitol, or they may have been lost. At all 
events, the writer has not yet discovered them. 

It was stated above that the men of this regi- 
ment elected their own officers. This statement 
is undoubtedly true as to all vacancies that 
occurred through the casualties of battle, and 
otherwise, and as to all of the first corps of 
officers, who commanded it, except, perhaps, the 
Colonel; and it is believed to be true of him also. 
While there is no record of the election of any 
officer in the regiment, there is evidence that the 



first corps of officers, as well as all who filled 
vacancies, w^ere so chosen. Among the old 
papers spoken of abov^e. is the certificate of 
Colonel Candler, given to Lieutenant-colonel 
Robeson, w^hen that officer applied for his 
bounty. 

The certificate is in the usual form, but on the 
back of it is this endorsement; "The within 
named David Robeson was chosen Lieutenant- 
colonel of my Regiment when we withdrew 
from this State, the 20th of September, 1780, and 
acted as such till sometime in the last of De- 
cember following." Thus it is certified that this 
officer was elected at the formation of the Regi- 
ment of Refugees, at the termination of the first 
siege of Augusta; and it is believed that the 
Colonel and all the other officers were elected 
at the same time, notwithstanding he had, for at 
least eighteen months, held a Colonel's com- 
mission in the State militia. The Act of the 20th 
of August, 1781, offering the bounty to the 
absent refugees invited them to return, and join 
any military organization of (jcorgians then 
engaged in the effort to drive the enemy out of 
the State, and almost all of those who returned 
joined Colonel Candler's standard, because his 
command was composed almost entirely of men 
whose families, like the families of these new- 
recruits, were in exile. This was natural, whether 
the Colonel commanding was elected by his 
men, or commanded by virtue of his old com- 
mission in the militia organization. In either 



event, he had been a Colonel for about two years 
and a half when the bounty act was passed. 

The same doubt exists as to Colonels Clarke 
and Ben Few. Both of them held commissions 
as Colonel in the militia, and yet we find them, 
durin^^ the occupancy of the State by the Brit- 
ish, commanding regiments composed partly of 
refugees, as is shown by their bounty certifi- 
cates. But their regiments were not distin- 
guished, as Candler's was, as "Refugee Regi 
ments." Candler's was the only Georgia regi- 
ment that enjoyed that distinction. 

Lieutenant-colonel Robeson, . of Candler's 
regiment, resigned, it is presumed, in December, 
1780, for at that time Lieutenant James Martin 
was elected Lieutenant-Colonel, and Colonel 
Candler's endorsement of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Robeson's bounty certificate, quoted above, 
shows that he ceased to be Lieutenant-Colonel 
in that month. 

Major Shields was killed in battle. That he 
was a gallant and worthy officer is attested by 
the certificate given by Colonel Candler to his 
widow when she applied for her bounty. 

The meager records in existence do not show 
who succeeded Major Shields when he fell; but 
it is believed that Henry Cafidler did, for we 
know that he was in this regiment, and that he 
rose to the rank of Major, and we have no evi- 
dence that any one else was ever Major of it — 
no evidence that any other officer of the rank of 
Major intervened between Major Shields and 
Major Candler. It is therefore probable, that 



when the gallant Shields was killed, Henry 
Candler was elected by the men to succeed him. 

Of these refug-ee troops, including the regi- 
ments of Clarke and Ben Few, referred to 
above, the historian, McCall says: "These men 
had been so long in active service, and had so 
frequently fought and skirmished with the 
enemy, that they might be considered veteran 
troops." They had been in constant, arduous, 
active service nearly a year, when on the 2()th 
of August, ITS], the patriot legislature at 
Augusta, in recognition of their services, and to 
encourage those exiled citizens, who were still 
dispersed in the other States, and were fighting 
with any band of patriots that happened to be 
nearest to the place in which they had taken 
refuge, to return to the defense of their own 
State, passed the Act above referred to, offering 
a bounty of "two hundred and fifty acres of 
good land" to each refugee who had returned or 
who would return and aid in "the total expulsion 
of the British from this State." In response to 
this appeal many other refugees returned and 
attached themselves to these regiments, and 
fought to the close of the war. 

To secure the bounty'"' due him under this law, 
the refugee soldier was required to attach to his 
application, and file with the Governor, the cer- 
tificate of the commanding ofticer under whom 

*As a matter of interest to his descendants of the third 
and fourth generation, I append copies of a lew certificates 
given by Colonel Candler to some members of his regiment, with fac- 
simile of his autograph signature. 

"This is to certify that Marshall Martin was one of those worthy 
citizens, who Hed British protection and joined my regiinent at the first 



he had served, that he had been a refug:ee, 
served in his regiment, was a ^ood and faithful 
soldier and was entitled to the bounty. 

The field officers certified for one another. 
Colonel Clarke certified for Colonel Candler; 
Colonel Candler certified for Lieutenant-Colonel 
Robeson, and Lieutenant-Colonel Williamson 
certified for Colonel Clarke, Sec. 

To the officers, larg-er bounties were g^iven, 
graded according- to rank. A Colonel was enti- 
tled to a thousand acres; a Lieutenant-colonel, 
eight hundred acres; a Major, six hundred and 
forty acres; a C aptain, five hundred acres, and a 

siege of Augusta, and served as a private in the said regiment under 
my command, and was a good and faithful soldier. 




J^^^' 




"I do certify that Captain Abraham Ayers was one of those worthy 
refugees who Aid from British tyranny and faithfully did his duty as a 
captain in my regiment of refugees until he bravely fell, fighting for his 
country, at the battle fought at Long Cane, in Decembtr, 1780. 



Lieutenant, three hundred and fifty acres. All 
of these bounties were, under the provisions of 
the law, exempt from taxation for ten years. 
But Ijy a subsequent enactment the refugee sol- 
dier could waive his exemption from taxation, 
and thus gret fifteen additional acres of land on 
each hundred. Nearly all of them waived the 
exemption and g-ot grants, as the land records 

State of Georgia, ( 

Richmond County. ( "This is to certify that Major John 
Shields was one of those worthy citizens who fled British protection and 
joined me at the first siege of Augusta, and faithfully did' his duty as a 
good soldier, and gloriously lost his life fighting for this State, and is 
entitled to every bounty due his rank.'" 

Certified by 




J^-/^' 



In contrast with the above mark ihe extreme caution of ihe same 
officer when called on to certify for one about whose steadfast loyalty he 
seemed to be in a little doubt: 

"I do hereby certify that the bearer hereof, John Bender, was in the 
earliest part of the late war, attached to the American cause, and faith- 
fully did his duty in the regiment of militia under my command, but after 
the defeat of General Ash he withdrew himself into the State of A'irginia. 
During the term of his refu^eeship, as I am informed, he behaved him- 
self as a friend to the United States." 




<^^^^ 



J7^/^'- 



How great the contrast between the tone of this certificate and that 



show, not for two hundred and fifty acres, but 
for two hundred and eighty-seven and a half 
acres — two hundred and fifty acres with fifteen 
per cent, added. 

The same rule applied to ofticers' bounties. A 
Colonel with a warrant for a thousand acres, 
could w^aive his right of exemption from taxa- 
tion, and get a grant of eleven hundred and fifty 
acres. All the ofticers w^aived the exemption 
and took the additional acres of land . 

The second siege of Augusta was conducted 
by General Pickens and Colonel Lee, the father 
of that peerless soldier, Robert E. Lee, assisted 
by Clarke, Candler and Jackson, with their 
Georgians. This siege terminated in the sur- 
render of Brown and all the troops under his 
command as prisoners of w^ar, and the perma- 
nent occupation of Augusta by the Americans. 
It was with the utmost difficulty that the Geor- 
gia troops, whose homes had been destroyed, 
whose wives and daughters had been insulted, 

given to the widow of the gallant Major Shields, who '"lost his life glori- 
ously fighting lor this State I" 

Governor Houstoun's warrant to Colonel Candler for his bounty, 
siill preserved in the office of the Secretary of State, is as follows: 

Georgia. No. 196. 

These are tocerufy that Colonel William Candler, acting as such 
in refugeeship, is entitled to one thousand acres of land as a bobniy 
agreeable to a resolve of the General Assembly passed at Augusta on the 
19th of August i78i, as per certificate of Elijah Clarke, Colonel. Given 
under my hand at Savannah, the 12th day of February in the year of our 
Lord one thousand, seven hundred and eighty-four. 

Attest: D. Rees. J. Houstoun. 

This was a special bou \ty granted only to refugees, hence the 
certificate was made, not only as to the rank, but hid to state, also, that 
he -'served as such in refugeeship.'' 
43 



and whose ag-ed fathers and young- sons and 
brothers had been murdered by Brown and his 
ruffians, could be restrained from putting the 
prisoners to death even after they had surren- 
dered. Colonel Lee says in his "Memoirs of the 
War in the South:" "The militia of Georgia, 
under Colonel Clarke, were so exasperated by 
the cruelties inflicted in the course of the war in 
this State, that they were disposed to have sac- 
rificed every man taken, and with great difficulty 
was this disposition now suppressed. Poor 
Grierson,* with several others, had been killed 
after surrender. In no part of the South was 
the war conducted with such asperity. It often 
sunk into barbarity." 

With the recapture of Augusta the patriot au- 
thority was re-established throughout most of 
the State, and these ostracised rebels, in their 
turn, enacted laws banishing forever from the 
State those who had mustered under the flag of 
the enemies of their country, confiscating their 
estates, and making the name "tory" so odious 
that to-day, after the lapse of more than a hun- 
dred years, it is a stench in the nostrils of the 
great-great-grandchildren of the heroes of Sa- 
vannah, Augusta, King's Mountain, Cowpens. 
and the numerous other less noted fields on 
which they shed their blood in defense of their 
homes and their firesides. This act of confisca- 
tion and perpetual banishment was passed on 

*Hc was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Richmond county militia prior to 
the reorganization in 1775, when the regiment was purged. He then 
became a tory, and his neighbors suffered much at his hands. Hence 
his cruel death. 



the Uth day of March, 1782. It is prefaced by 
a long- preamble in which, after reciting the vari- 
ous crimes and acts of treason of which those 
mentioned by name in the Act, had been g"uilty, 
the battle-scarred old patriot, who drafted the 
bill, said, with more force and pathos than rhe- 
torical eleg"ance: 

"The said treasons have been followed by a 
series of murders, rapine and devastation as 
cruel as they were unnecessary, whereby order 
and justice were banished from the land, and 
lawless power established on high, exhibiting; 
the melancholy picture of Indians inflicting 
dreadful punishments on both old and young of 
the faithful and peaceable inhabitants of this 
State ; women and children sitting on the ruins 
of their houses, perishing by famine and cold, 
whilst others were compelled, in the midst of a 
rigorous season, to depart this State, being pre- 
viously plundered of both their and their chil- 
dren's clothing, and every other necessary that 
might tend to mitigate the uncommon severities 
exercised on the softer sex and their innocent 
babes. Nor was this all. W^hilst these days of 
blood and British anarchy continued with us, 
and commanded the execution of our citizens 
taken in arms — executions as unauthorized by 
the laws of nations as they were cruel in 
themselves — the torch was applied to the tem- 
ples dedicated to the service of the Most High 
God, whereby they completed a violation of 
every right human and divine." Then follows a 
list of the names of those who were, by the 



terms of the act, "forever banished from this 
State." It was provided in this law that if any 
one named in it refused to leave the State, or 
leaving- it, returned, he should be seized and 
imprisoned "without bail or main-prize" and 
sent away by the first ship that sailed to "some 
part of the British king's dominions." If he ever 
returned, he was to "suffer death without benefit 
of clerg-y." I'nder the operation of this law 
much of the property of the tories was confis- 
cated to the State, and for the last two years of 
the war almost all the expenses of the State, 
civil and military, were paid from the proceeds 
of the sale of confiscated property. 

Such were the retaliatory laws enacted by the 
patriots, exasperated by tory oppression, intoler- 
ance, cruelty and robbery. 

That no tory nor sympathizer with the tories 
and the British government might escape, an 
oath of renunciation and allegiance was exacted 
of every man remaining- in the State'"' Officers 
of the patriot g^overnment were sent into every 
district in every county to see that all who 
remained subscribed this oath, and the minutes 

*Th;s oath was in these words : "I, , do solemnly 

swear, without any equivocation or reservation of mind, that I do in 
truth and sincerity, cheerfully and desirously, renounce and abjure the 
King of Great Britain, his heirs and successors, and also the crown 
thereof, forever; and I do solemnly swear that I will bear true allegiance 
to the State of Georgia, and do everything in my power to support the 
independence of the same, agreeable to the declaration passed in con- 
gress on the fourth day of July, One Thousand Seven Hundred and 
Seventy-six, and that also all treasons, combinations and conspiracies, 
or any movemenf of the British troops, thtir emissaries or spies against 
it, which shall come to my knowledge, I will immediately make known 
to the nearest justice of the peace, so help me God." 

4b 



of the Executive Council show that on the 28th 
day of January, 1782, it was "ordered that Wil- 
ham Candler and William Jackson administer 
the oath to the inhabitants of the upper part of 
Richmond county." This was the part of the 
county in which William Candler lived, and in 
which the men of his regiment lived. They 
were therefore well acquainted, knew who were 
loyal and who were disloyal, and, no doubt, for 
this reason, he was deemed especially fitted for 
this work. At this time William Candler's 
family was in exile beyond the Alleghany moun- 
tains, and remained there till the close of the 
war, while he continued actively in the military 
service till the struggle was over, and had a part 
in almost every campaign and engagement in 
Georgia and the Carolinas during the last four 
years of the war. This is attested, as well by 
the meager printed history of this sanguinary 
period now in existence, as by family tradition 
and the old unpublished records on file in the 
office of the Secretary of State. 

It is a matter of sore regret to every loyal 
Georgian that no history of the part taken by 
Georgia, and her sons, in the war for independ- 
ence, was attempted for nearly a generation 
after the close of the war. So long a time had 
elapsed that most of the soldiers who fought the 
battles of the Revolution, were dead, when Cap- 
tain Hugh McCall, a veteran of the war, though 
wasted and enfeebled by age and disease in- 
curred in the army of his country, often pros- 
trate on his bed, and always a helpless cripple, 



unable to walk, and confined to one spot, except 
as he was trundled about in an easy chair on 
wheels, and able to write only on a tablet rest- 
ing- on his knee, "fired with patriotic zeal, and 
anxious to wrest from impending; oblivion the 
fading traditions of a State he loved so well," 
essayed the task; and to him are we, the great- 
grandchildren of the Georgia heroes of the 
Revolution, more indebted than to all others, for 
all the printed history we have of the sufferings 
and achievements of our ancestors during 
the dark and bloody days of the war for inde- 
pendence. Still many of the details of the times 
so long past were unknown to, and unrecorded 
by him. But few official reports of the battles 
in which Georgia troops had been eng-aged were 
in existence. 

From the files of the newspapers published in 
the Ignited States and in the Confederate States 
during the war of secession, the impartial histo- 
rian could now, without any other sources of 
information, write a history of that gigantic 
struggle. But at the time of the Revolution 
there was but one newspaper published in Geor- 
gia, and it was in Savannah. From its old files 
could be, and doubtless was, gathered by Geor- 
gia's first historian, much valuable historic in- 
formation concerning the conduct of the War 
of the Revolution in that quarter, and concern- 
ing the part acted by the men who lived in that 
part of the State. But in Augusta, the metrop- 
olis of upper Georgia, where the patriots 
suffered most, and where Georgia patriotism 



and Georgia valor was most splendidly illus- 
trated, there was no newspaper to chronicle the 
deeds of daring- and heroic sacrifices and 
achievements of the patriot soldiers in that 
quarter. 

The historian had to rely, therefore, solely on 
oral tradition for details, and on the personal 
recollections of those around him for the facts 
of the history of the times of which he wrote. 
They had a vivid recollection of the campai§"ns 
and battles in which they were personally en- 
gaged, and the part they played in them. Those, 
all over the State, who were still in life, and who 
had been active in public affairs since the close 
of the war, were living reminders to him of the 
part they had taken in the struggle, and he did 
them ample justice. But of those who were 
.dead, and of whose services there was not 
even a newspaper record, there were no remind- 
ers, and much that they did had been forgotten 
in the rapid whirl of events following the close 
of the war. 

Especially was this true of the patriots of 
upper Georgia, of whose services and sufferings 
no account had ever been written, and whose 
section Captain McCall, confined an invalid in 
Savannah, could not visit personally in gather- 
ing materials for his history. At that early 
period, it must be remembered, the journey from 
Savannah to Augusta was more arduous, and 
required more time than that from Savannah to 
New York now. All he could do, therefore, 
was to record what he personally knew, and 



leave to others to make record of the things he 
omitted. But for more than another g-eneration, 
no one else attempted to write a history of 
Georgia. 

Thus many men and many things worthy of a 
conspicuous page in the history of the State, 
have been given only a paragraph. 

This is eminently true of William Candler who, 
dying less than four years after the close of the 
War of the Revolution, had, together with many 
of his dead comrades, been almost forgotten be- 
fore any one attempted to write a history of 
that struggle, and to chronicle the deeds of those, 
engaged in it. But notwithstanding these un- 
propitious circumstances, unpropitious for his 
fame and the fame of others similarly situated, 
who died, at the dawn of freedom, enough was 
recorded of Colonel William Candler, some of 
which has been published in the books, and 
much hitherto unpublished, to establish the fact 
that no other Georgian of his day was more 
active, in both the field and the forum, in shaping 
the destiny of the infant commonwealth . The 
deeds of those who lived many years to enjoy the 
freedom they had won, were remembered and 
recorded in the books. Those of the men who 
died so soon were only partially written. 

From the records yet in existence, published 
and unpublished, I make the following extracts 
bearing on William Candler's life and public 
services. They establish all I have said concern- 
inghim. The Reverend Ignatius A. Few, L. L. D., 
a grandson of W'illiam Candler and a nephew of 



the Honorable William Few, the first senator ever 
elected to the United States Congress from 
Georgia, left in his family Bible, when he died 
fifty years ago, a brief manuscript history of his 
family. That manuscript is now before the 
writer. It may be relied on for correctness as far 
as it goes, for its author, Doctor Few, was born 
more than a hundred years ago, lived, therefore, 
in point of time, near to his grandfather, in the 
same county in w^hich he had lived and died, 
was a man eminent in his day for learning and 
piety, and came fully up to Cicero's definition of 
a good historian, "a man too brave to tell a lie, 
and brave enough to tell the truth."" He says: 

"William Candler was probably born in Ire- 
land. His parents certainly were. He held the 
rank of Colonel in the American army during 
the war of the Revolution; and died and was 
buried in Columbia county, Georgia, in 1789, 
four miles east from Mount Carmel." 

Lyman C. Draper, L. L. D., Secretary of the 
State Historical Society of Wisconsin, in his 
"King's Mountain and its Heroes," says "Major 
W^illiam Candler, who, with Captains Carr and 
Johnson, commanded the small party of Geor- 
gians at King's Mountain, was born of English 
parents in Belfast, Ireland, in 17^8, and was 
brought to Virginia when a mere child. During 
the war he served under Col. Clarke, was in the 
attack on Augusta, at King's Mountain, and 
Blackstock's, and rose to the rank of Colonel. 
He was a member of the legislature of 1784-5, 
was appointed a Judge, and died at his seat in 



Columbia county, in 1789, at the age of fifty-one 
years, leaving- several children, his oldest son, 
Henry, having served in the army with him." 

These two accounts, far apart in point of time 
and distance, agree substantially as to the main 
facts, and are, no doubt, substantially correct; 
but there are minor errors in both. It is not 
probable that William Candler was born in Ire- 
land. His parents certainly were, but it is most 
probable that he was born after they came to 
America. The year of his birth was 173(), not 
1738, and he died in 1787, not 1789, as stated. 

He was moreover a Colonel, not a Major, at 
the time of the battle of King's Mountain, as has 
already been shown. Thus much as to the date 
and place of his birth and death. 

Of his military record, we have already given 
a part gathered from documents in the capitol 
of Georgia, hitherto unpublished. The following 
accounts of his services as a soldier have been 
published, and are here reproduced in the lan- 
guage of the authors who published them. 

Captain McCall, in his "History of Georgia," 
written in the early part of the present century, 
when many of the actors in the stirring scenes 
of the revolution were still living, and the sources 
of information were much more abundant and 
reliable than those at the command of subsequent 
writers, says, "when Colonel Clarke raised the 
siege of Augusta, in the summer of 1780, he 
withdrew to the Little River country, which had, 
in common with all the rest of the State, been 
overrun and devastated by the enemy. He 



there furloughed his men for a short time, that 
they mi^ht look after the safety and welfare of 
their families, and get themselves in readiness 
for another active campaig-n." 

Clarke's regiment was from Wilkes county, 
on the north side of Little river, which was the 
dividing line between the counties of Wilkes 
and Richmond; and Candler's from the upper 
part of Richmond county, on the south side of 
the river. 

In the month of September, the men of both 
regiments were to meet at a place of rendezvous 
appointed by Colonel Clarke, who, being the 
senior officer, commanded all the troops. 
When they met and "when (to quote McCall's 
own words ) he { Clarke) was ready to march, he 
found himself at the head of about three hun- 
dred men, who had in their train four hundred 
women and children. The condition of the 
country for two years had been such that the 
vestiges of cultivation were scarcely to be seen 
anywhere, and to leave their families behind 
under such circumstances, was to subject them 
to certain want, if not starvation, in a country 
under the control of an enemy whose barbarity 
has been fully described. 

"Colonel Clarke, therefore, resolved to escort 
these helpless women and children to Ken- 
tucky,* where they would be in a land of plenty 

•Kentucky was then a part of Virginia; Tennessee, a part of North 
Carolina. Boundary lines were ill-defined, and while Clarke supposed he 
left the women and children in Kentucky, he really left them in East 
Tennessee, between the French Broad and the Holston rivers, in the 
"No'lichucky settlement." He never got within forty miles of the Ken- 



and out of the reach of a barbarous enemy. 
With this helpless multitude, like Moses from 
Egypt, of olden time, Colonel Clarke com- 
menced a march of two hundred miles, through 
a mountainous wilderness, to avoid being cut 
off by the enemy. 

"On the eleventh day they reached the Wat- 
tauga and Nollichucky rivers, on the north side 
of the mountain, in a starxed and otherwise de- 
plorable condition. Many of the men and wo- 
men had received no subsistence for several 
days, except nuts, and the last two, even the 
children were subsisted on the same kind 
of food. "'•' * "^ * 

"Many of the tender sex were obliged to 
travel on foot, and some of them without shoes. 

"While Colonel Clarke was crossing the moun- 
tains he met Captain Hampton, who informed 
him that Colonel Campbell was collecting a 
force on the west side of the mountains to at- 
tack Ferguson. Major Candler and Captain 
Johnson filed off with thirty men, and made a 
junction with Colonel Campbell at Gilbert town, 
and had a share in the defeat of Ferguson at 
King's mountain on the 7th of October." 

Dr. Draper in his account of the King's 
Mountain campai gn says: "While Colon el 

tucky line. This part of Tennessee, now constituling the counties of 
Washington and Sullivan, had been settled prior to the beginning of the 
War of the Revolution, principally by immigrants from Southwest \'ir- 
ginia, and because of its remoteness from the scenes of war, and its 
abundance of food supplies, it was an inviting place of refuge for the 
Georgians, who had been driven from their homes by the British and 
their merciless allies, the tories. 

54 



Clarke, of Georg^ia, with his followers, was re- 
treating: from that unhappy country with their 
families, and were aiming- to cross the moun- 
tains to the friendly Nollichucky settlements, 
they were met by Captain Edward Hampton, 
who informed them that Campbell, Sevier, 
Shelly, and McDowell were collecting- a force 
with which to attack Ferguson. 

"Major William Candler and Captain John- 
son, of Clark's party, filed off with thirty men 
and formed a junction with the mountain men 
near Gilbert town." 

Thus these two historians do not differ as to 
this heg-ira from Georgia, and the part played 
by the Georg-ians in the King's Mountain cam- 
paign. There is, however, some doubt as to 
which Candler led the Georgians; if not, then 
there is, in both accounts, a mistake as to his 
rank. If the Candler, who commanded the 
Georgians, was "Major Candler," he was Henry 
Candler. If not Henry, then this Candler was 
Colonel William Candler, not "Major" William 
Candler. Both William Candler and his son 
Henry were with Colonel Clarke when he led the 
refugees from Georgia into East Tennessee. 
The former was a Colonel, the latter a Major. 
Both belonged to the same regiment. That 
regiment, now very small, by reason of ardu- 
ous service and the temporary dispersion of the 
men in the States toward the north to take care 
of their families, was a part of Colonel Clarke's 
command, with which he was guarding the 
w^omen and children across the mountains, when 



he met Captain Hampton, and was informed by 
him that Campbell was collecting- a force to 
pursue Ferguson. From his small force of only 
three hundred men, Clarke deemed it unwise to 
detach many, and yet these g^allant Georgians 
were anxious to have a share in the campaign 
against Ferguson, at whose hands they had suf- 
fered so much. Colonel Clarke, therefore, per- 
mitted one of the Candlers, with a Captain and 
thirty men, all he could spare, to leave him and 
join the expedition. 

It is probable that in selecting the officer for 
this service he would have chosen the young 
man, who had no family to guard on the jour- 
ney into Tennessee, rather than the old one, 
whose wife and children were with the party of 
refugees, for whose protection and safety, the 
expedition had been undertaken. 

For these reasons the Candler who command- 
ed the Georgians at King's mountain was, prob- 
ably, Major Henry Candler, not Colonel Wil- 
liam Candler. 

The mistake of the historian was easy and 
natural, since Colonel William Candler had 
been, up to a short time previous to this, a 
Major. It is true that the writer has not been 
able to find any written record of the precise 
time when Henry Candler attained the rank of 
Major. But that he did attain that rank is a 
moral certainty. He and his father were the 
only two Candlers in Georgia old enough to 
bear arms at the beginning of the war, and he 
was at that time only fifteen or sixteen years 



old. All the histories of the war agree that 
there was, during- the last two years, a Colonel 
Candler, and a Major Candler in command of 
Georgia troops. These officers were sometimes 
engaged in the same campaigns and battles. 
They were both, according to all accounts, en- 
gaged in the battle of Blackstock's Farm. 

In the mutations of a desolating war, such as 
prevailed in Georgia for the last four years of 
the revolutionary struggle, when all official 
records perished, it is not strange that the pre- 
cise date on which promotions were made cannot 
be fixed. Many other soldiers in this contest, 
by gallantry and the casualties of battle, won 
promotions of which there is no tangible record. 
McCall in speaking of this says, "it would be as 
difficult as it would be unnecessary, to notice all 
the promotions that were made during a seven 
years' war." Moreover, it is true that while all 
the arms-bearing men in Georgia were enrolled 
in the militia, and organized into companies and 
regiments, all fully officered, these companies 
and regiments were, much of the time, not in 
active service. But it often happened that a 
militia officer, when not under orders, and when 
he saw where he could strike a blow for his 
country, would call for volunteers for a special 
service, and with such volunteers as would join 
him, officers and men, go to meet the enemy. 
Sometimes these volunteers selected their own 
officers, who served them as such for a week or 
a month, when the organization, having accom- 
plished its object, would disband, and such 



officers would drop back into the ranks of the 
mihtia regiments to which they belonged. Usu- 
ally the commanding officer of such temporary 
organizations was a veteran officer of the State 
troops, who was in actual commission, and often 
some of his subordinates in the special service, 
were, in the regular State organizations, his 
equals in rank; while others, who were privates 
or Corporals or Sergeants in the regular militia 
organizations, were Captains and Majors in 
these emergency corps. Elijah Clarke, unques- 
tionably the best fighter Georgia had in the 
Revolutionary War, while he sometimes fought 
at the head of the Wilkes county regiment of 
militia, of which he was at first Lieutenant- 
Colonel, and afterward Colonel, most frequently 
appears leading a volunteer force of this sort, 
sometimes consisting of only men enough to 
make a company, and at others of enough for a 
regiment, or even two. The two Fews and the 
two Candlers and Jackson often led volunteer 
bands of this character, especially in the Caro- 
linas, in 1780 and 1781, while the enemy held 
Georgia. 

This loose and irregular organization of Geor- 
gia troops is not to be wondered at when we 
remember that nearly all of her people were in 
exile, and that she was for many months with- 
out a Governor, and without any legal civil 
government. 

In the battle of Blackstock's Farm, as has 
already been said, on the 18th of November, 
1780, six weeks after the battle of King's Moun- 



tain, both Colonel William Candler and Major 
Henry Candler were present. McCall says : 
"Colonel Twiggs, the senior officer under Gen- 
eral Sumter, assisted by Colonel Clarke and 
Majors Candler and Jackson, with the Georgia 
militia, were to occupy the fence and the woods 
to the left of the house. 

-A- -K- -K- -a- •?;■ v!- ■«• vS- 

"Colonel Candler had been detached on the 
march to collect provisions." 

On this foraging expediton Colonel Candler 
encountered the enemy, and he and his wagon- 
train narrowly escaped capture. So closely was 
he pursued that in a few more minutes they 
would have been captured, had they not, at the 
supreme moment, reached the picket line of 
Sumter's army; for says McCall: "Colonel 
Candler, with his forage wagons, had just 
passed Sumter's pickets, when they fired on 
Tarleton's van." 

Five days prior to this, on the 13th of Novem- 
ber, at Fishdam Ford, one of the Candlers, if 
not both, was with General Sumter in the fight. 
In his account of this affair, McCall says: "Dur- 
ing the day Colonels Twiggs and Clarke and 
Majors Candler and Jackson, with about a hun- 
dred Georgia militia, and in the evening. Col- 
onel McCall. with a part of his regiment, joined 
the camp." We cannot tell with certainty 
which of the Candlers this was. It could have 
been either. Henry had never gone beyond the 
mountains; but after starting with Clarke and 
the refugees, and going with them till they met 



Hampton, and learned that a force was beings 
collected to pursue Ferguson, he turned back, 
and joined this expedition at Gilbert town, and, 
his force being very small, only thirty men, he 
attached himself and his thirty Georgians to 
Colonel Williams' South Carolina regiment, 
marched with them and fought with them at 
King's Mountain. After this, the object for 
which the expedition had been organized — the 
destruction of Ferguson's army — having been 
accomplished, the patriot band, which accom- 
plished it dispersed, the troops from each State 
returning to their respective homes. 

The enemy held Georgia; Major Candler 
could not, therefore, go home, as the other 
King's Mountain troops did; but he could go to 
General Sumter in South Carolina. This he 
did, and remained with him till he was, in one of 
the subsequent battles, either Long Cane or 
Cowpens, desperately wounded. But it is proba- 
ble that the Candler, who is named by McCall 
as having joined Sumter at Fishdam Ford, was 
Colonel William Candler, notwithstanding 
McCall persists in calling him "Major" Candler, 
for Colonel Clarke came with him. These two 
officers, Colonels Clarke and Candler, it must be 
borne in mind, had gone on into Kentucky with 
the women and children, when Henry Candler 
turned back to pursue Ferguson. 

After they had disposed of their helpless 
charge, and left them in a place of security and 
plenty, they returned, not to Georgia, for the 
enemy held that state from the mountains to the 



sea; but to South Carolina, where they joined 
General Sumter, as Major Henry Candler had 
done after the battle of King's Mountain. This 
was some two weeks after the last named battle, 
for we are informed that they "returned to the 
borders of South Carolina about the 20th of 
October." 

This was the first fighting; Colonels Clarke and 
Candler had done since their vain attempt to 
drive the enemy out of Augusta in the preced- 
ing summer. After that unsuccessful effort, 
which was harshly criticised by some, but which, 
nevertheless, seems to have been well planned, 
and to have failed only because the enemy were 
so heavily re-inforced that to have continued the 
siege, or to have attempted to storm the town, 
would have been equally suicidal, they had been 
wholly engaged in leading the non-combatants 
out of upper Georgia into a place of safety. 
This accomplished, they, with their followers, 
returned to the conflict, and were engaged in 
almost every battle with the enemy in Georgia 
and the Carolinas up to the close of the war. 
Colonel Clarke and Major Candler were both 
severely wounded soon afterward, Clarke at Long 
Cane, and Candler either there or at Cowpens. 

In his account of the battle of Blackstock's 
Farm, Colonel Samuel Hammond, an officer who 
was engaged in the battle, and who was after- 
ward a member of congress from Georgia, and 
subsequently the financial agent of the general 
government in the territory of Missouri, says: 
"To obtain information of the movements of 



the enemy, and, if possible, to get possession of, 
and bring away or destroy, the provisions stored 
at Summer's, Colonel Thomas Taylor, of South 
Carolina, and Colonel Candler, of Georgia, 
were dispatched down the country with this 
object in view. At the same time Lieutenant- 
Colonel Williamson, of Clarke's regiment, of 
Georgia, and Major S. Hammond were detached 
toward Captain Faust's to attack and, if possi- 
ble, to break up the station." 

-X- a- -K- -X- -X- -X- -x- -x- 

"Williamson failed in his enterprise. ^' ''" '^ 
■fj -X- -X- Xaylor and Candler were still in the 
rear with a host of the bravest spirits in our 
little army. 

"Sumter reluctantly halted and refreshed his 
men and horses in about a half mile of Black- 
stock's field. ^ ^ ^ ^ i, ^ 

"The men and horses having fed hastily, the 
line of march was resumed, and when Black- 
stock's house was in view, our rear videttes fired 
at the advancing cavalry of the enemy. Col- 
onels Taylor and Candler, at that moment, 
drove in with their wagons loaded with flour, 
etc., passed our guard, and entered the open 
field at Blackstock's. At the next moment 
Tarleton charged." 

After describing the disposition of the forces. 
Colonel Hammond says: "Thus placed. Gen- 
eral Sumter ordered Colonel Clarke, of Georgia, 
to take a hundred good men, pa^s the enemy's 
right, then formed in the open field, and, in 
cover of the woods, attack the infantry in the 



rear, and cut off their horses there picketed. 
This order was promptly obeyed by Colonel 
Clarke and Colonel Candler, of Georgia, who 
just coming in with Taylor, volunteered on that 
service, as did Major Hammond with his 
command. '' '' '^ '• '^ '• * 

"Colonel Candler had one horse killed under 
him, and Major Hammond had two killed under 
him; but they remounted on infantry horses 
taken from the enemy. 

"General Sumter, although badly wounded in 
this engagement, continued with his troops, car- 
ried on an uncomfortable litter, until they passed 
Burwick's Iron Works, after which his com- 
mand was divided. A part continued with the 
General as an escort until they reached North 
Carolina, while the Georgians, commanded by 
Twiggs, Clarke, Candler and B. Few, turned 
westward, and in a few days marched toward 
Ninety-Six, taking their course along the foot 
of the mountains." 

The foregoing are a few extracts taken from 
the imperfect records of this eventful period of 
Georgia's history yet in existence. From them 
it is evident that William Candler was one of 
the most active spirits in the scenes of those 
years of devastation, suffering and carnage. 
When the war closed, he brought his family 
back from its exile in Tennessee, rebuilt his de- 
stroyed habitation, and became as active in civil 
pursuits and* in moulding the government of the 
infant State of Georgia as he had been in the 
war for independence. He was by nature en- 



dowed with great energ-y and enterprise, and 
was, when the war began, possessed of ample 
fortune, most of which was swept away during 
the years 1780 and 1781, when the insatiate 
Brown held sway in Augusta. Still, with what 
he saved from the wreck of war, and what he 
made during the few years he lived after the 
close of the struggle, he died in easy, if not 
affluent, circumstances, and the old records of 
the county of Richmond, and of the city of 
Augusta, show that he was actively connected 
with every enterprise inaugurated while he lived 
looking to the promotion of the prosperity and 
welfare of both. After his death, the legislature 
of the State, in 1789, passed a bill providing for 
the payment to "Henry Candler, administrator 
of William Candler deceased," of a consider- 
able sum of money "for services rendered, and 
supplies furnished" by him to the State. Xor 
were his efforts during the brief time he lived 
after the close of the war, in which he bore so 
conspicuous a part, directed alone to the pro- 
motion of the material interests of the State. 
He was as active in politics, and in the councils 
of the infant commonwealth, as he had been in 
the field in the establishment of its independence. 
The first legislature elected after the treaty of 
peace between the British government and the 
successful colonies was concluded, met in 
Savannah on the 6th of January, 1784. He 
was a member of this body, and from the jour- 
nal of the 8th of January, two days after it 
assembled, the following extract is made : "A 



double return being made for the members for 
the county of Richmond; ordered that said 
returns be referred to the committee on privi- 
leges and elections." 

On the evening of the same day the commit- 
tee made this report: "The committee on privi- 
leges and elections on the double returns from 
the county of Richmond, report as follows: 
That on the Richmond county returns they find 
that the elections for that county, since the Con- 
stitution was made, have ever been held at 
Browmsborough, except the first, which was held 
at the Little Kiokee; that no election for repre- 
sentatives has ever been held at Augusta, since 
that time, for this county. We find no place 
pointed out by law for holding of elections. 
But as it has been customary, for several years, 
to hold elections at Brownsborough, the returns 
from that place should be received as the legal 
returns of the county." 

The discussion of this report brought out the 
facts. Polls were opened at both Browns- 
borough and Augusta. The managers of each 
precinct counted its vote, and sent up its re- 
turn, claiming that it was the only lawful return 
of the election for the county. 

The committee, as is seen above, reported in 
favor of the Brownsborough return as the law- 
ful return, because no election under the Con- 
stitution had ever been held in Augusta. The 
house, however, voted down the report of the 
committee, and, in the spirit of true democracy, 
which holds that the ballot of every qualified 



voter should be effective, and that a mistake as 
to the place at which an election should be held, 
especially when no place had been fixed by law, 
should not disfranchise a freeman, adopted as a 
substitute for it a resolution, "That the ten g-entle- 
men who have a majority of the votes appearing^ 
from the papers returned to this house by the 
justices of Richmond county, take their seats as 
having- the suffrages of the people." Thus all 
the votes cast at both places were counted, and 
the* ten persons receiving a majority of the 
whole were declared, by the house, entitled to 
the seats. 

"Whereupon the following g;entlemen from 
the county of Richmond appeared to have a 
majority of the votes, attended and, beings quali- 
fied, took their seats. 

Mr. William Candler, 

Mr. Glasscock, 

Mr. McFarland, 

Mr. Middleton, 

Mr. William Few, 

Mr. Lee, 

Mr. Benjamin Few, 

Mr. Fahn." 
This was the first election held in Richmond 
county after the close of the war of the Revolu- 
tion, and the first contested election recorded in 
the annals of the Georgia leg:islature. 

It is an interesting fact that William Candler, 
a soldier of the w^ar for independence, received 
the hig;hest vote cast, and that three of his col- 
leagues in this legislature, to wit: Colonels 



William Few, Benjamin Few and G. C. Lee, 
were his comrades in the war. 

This was his last public service. Retiring; from 
the legislature at the end of 178."), the liberties 
of his people having- been secured, and the 
machinery of the State government having been 
perfected and put in motion, he withdrew from 
active politics, and directed all his efforts to the 
rehabilitation of his fortune, wrecked by the war. 
Notwithstanding, however, his desire to be re- 
lieved from public cares, he was, on his retire- 
ment from the legislature, appointed one of the 
Justices for Richmond county, a position of much 
dignity and importance under the first Constitu- 
tion, and held that place during the remainder 
of his life. 

Thus far we have written only of his birth and 
his public services. Of his private and domestic 
life we have said but little. 

Doctor Few informs us that "he married, in 
17(30, Elizabeth Anthony, whose grandfather 
was a Genoese Italian, and her mother a Clarke. 
She was the oldest of a numerous family, and 
one of h'er nephews * was Governor of Kentuc- 
ky. She had brothers who died and left fami- 
lies — Christopher, Joseph, Micajah, Mark, James 
and Boling — and sisters, two of whom, Mary 
and Winifred, married Carters.-f Agnes mar- 
ried Blakely, one to Lane, one to Cooper,:}; Ju- 
dith to W^are and Penelope to Johnson. She 
was a Quaker and preached." 

*James Clark, in 1825. 

tThe late Farish Carter, of Georgia, was descended from one of them. 

f The late Hon. Mark A. Cooper was descended from her. 



The foregoing" is all the written history we 
have of the family of William Candler's wife, 
Elizabeth Anthony. The land records show that 
some of her brothers, and brothers-in-law came 
to Georgia and settled. 

William Candler and his wife, Elizabeth, left 
a numerous family, of whom we will speak in 
another chapter. 

William Candler died in 1787, on the estate on 
which he settled in 1769, then in the Parish of 
Saint Paul, subsequently in the county of Rich- 
mond, then when Columbia county was formed', 
in Columbia, and now in the county of McDuffie. 
He was, at the date of his death, fifty-one years 
old. 

His wife survived him sixteen years, and, 
some years after his death, married Captain Cor- 
nelius Dysart, who was a veteran of the War of 
the Revolution, a member of the General As- 
sembly, and subsequently a member of the Exe- 
cutive Council for Richmond county. She died 
in Baldwin County, Georgia, in 1803, and was 
buried on the East side of the Oconee river, op- 
posite to the City of Milledgeville. 



CHAPTER II. 

We have, in the preceding chapter, traced the 
history of Wilham Candler, of Richmond coun- 
ty, Georgia, from his first appearance in North 
CaroHna, in 17(50, down to his death, in 1787. 

We hav^e also said that he was a lineal de- 
scendant of Lieutenant-Colonel William Can- 
dler, of Callan Castle, Ireland, and have shown 
why his parents left Ireland and came to North 
Carolina. 

But what was the relationship of the two Wil- 
liam Candlers ? Who was the Georgian's father? 
W^ho his grandfather ? In new countries, in 
which population is sparse, public records of 
births and deaths and genealogies are seldom, 
if ever, kept; especially was this true in the in- 
fancy of the American States, so far removed 
from all the rest of the civilized world, and sur- 
rounded on all sides by boundless oceans. So 
remote and isolated were they, indeed, that their 
country was called, by the rest of the civilized 
people of the earth, "the new world." Hence it 
is rare that any American of this day, whose an- 
cestors came over before the Revolutionary 
War, can trace his lineage in an unbroken line, 
to his ancestors in the old world. Fortunately, 
however, we have, in the case of W^illiam Can- 
dler, circumstantial evidence so strong that we 
can scarcely err in coming to a conclusion as to 
his origin and ancestry. 

It is an undisputed fact that both his parents 



were born and reared in Ireland; and that they 
were married there. It is also an established 
fact that his father, though born and reared in 
Ireland, was of pure English blood, while his 
mother was of equally pure Irish. We know 
that he was born in 173(3, either in Ireland or 
North Carolina, where we first find him, a young" 
man. We know from the records that there was, 
at the time of his birth, and is now, but one fam- 
ily of Candlers in Ireland, the descendants of 
Lieutenant-Colonel William Candler, of North- 
ampton county, England, who went to Ireland 
with Cromwell, and served under him in all his 
campaigns on that island, and finally settled, 
after the subjugation of the Irish people, in Cal- 
lan Castle, county Kilkenny, an estate granted 
to him for his military services. Knowing these 
facts we can not escape the conclusion, that Col- 
onel William Candler, of the American Revo- 
lution, was a lineal descendant of Lieutenant- 
Colonel William Candler, who fought under 
Cromwell, and who settled in Ireland at the close 
of his military career. 

This being established the question recurs, 
what was the relationship of the American Wil- 
liam Candler to the William Candler of Ire- 
land ? Not his son, for the latter must have been 
born more than a hundred years before the 
former ; moreover, we know that William Cand- | 
ler, of Callan Castle, had but two sons, Thomas ] 
Candler of Callan Castle, and "John Candler, ; 
Esquire". Nor was he his grandson. He was j 
born too late for that. He must, therefore, have j 



been his g:reat-gTandson. John Candler, Esquire, 
had but one son, Thomas Candler of Kilbine, 
who had but one, Walsingham, who died with- 
out issue. Thus this line became extinct. Col- 
onel William Candler, of Georg-ia, must,therefore, 
have been the grandson of Thomas Candler of 
Callan castle, who had at least three sons, and 
probably more, to wit: Reverend Henry Candler 
D. D., Arch Deacon of Ossory, Reverend Wil- 
liam Candler D. D., of Castlecomer, Kilkenny, 
and Thomas Candler of Dublin, Esquire. Col. 
William Candler of Georg-ia, must have been 
the son of one of these three, or of a brother of 
theirs, whose name does not appear in the pub- 
lished tables of genealogies. If he was the son 
of either of these, he was born in Ireland, for 
neither of them ever came to America. He was 
certainly not the son of Arch Deacon Candler, 
for he had another son named William, "Cap- 
tain William Candler of Callan, county Kil- 
kenny, and Acomb, county York," who succeeded 
him as the lord of Callan Castle ; nor was he the 
son of Reverend William Candler of Castle- 
comer, for he had but two sons, one by each of 
his two wives, Henry Candler L. L. D., by his 
first wife. Miss Aston, and Edward of Prior 
Park and Combe Hill in the county of Somerset 
and Ag^hamure, county Kilkenny, by Mary 
\^avasour, his second wife. 

Thus it is demonstrated that W^illiam Candler 
of Georgia, was the son of either Thomas Cand- 
ler of Dublin, or of a fourth son of Thomas of 
Callan, who came to America, and whose name 



no longer appears in the Eng^lish tables of the 
g-enealogy of the family. 

It has always been a tradition in the family of 
the Georgia Candlers that we have Irish blood 
in our veins. It must have been derived from 
the mother of Colonel William Candler, for his 
father was the son of Thomas of Callan and his 
wife, Jane Tuite, both of pure English blood. 

Of Colonel William Candler's mother we 
know but little. Tradition says she was of the 
Irish race, and her grandson, Dr. Few, has re- 
corded the fact that she was born in Ireland, and 
lived to the extreme age of a hundred and five 
years. Further than this we know nothing, not 
even her name, nor whether she was the wife of 
Thomas of Dublin, or of a fourth son of Thomas 
of Callan, who came to America. If she was the 
wife of Thomas of Dublin, W^illiam Candler was 
born in Ireland, for Thomas of Dublin nev'er 
came to America ; if the w^ife of a fourth son of 
Thomas of Callan then it is almost a certainty 
that his parents came to America before his birth, 
and that he was born here, and that his father 
died soon after his birth. 

But whether he was born in Ireland or Amer- 
ica, it is demonstrated that William Candler's 
father was one of the sons of Thomas Candler 
of Callan Castle; and his wife, Jane Tuite, who 
was the daughter of Sir Henry Tuite, and his 
wife, Diana Mabbot. Diana Mabbot was the 
niece of Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, who 
was the father of the Duchess of York, the first 
wife of James Stuart, Duke of York, afterward 



James the Second, King; of England ; and the 
mother of Queen Mary, wife of King; William of 
Orange, and of Queen Anne, who ruled after the 
death of W^illiam and Mary. 

Hence William Candler, of Georgia, was the 
grandson of Jane Tuite, the great-grandson of 
Diana Mabbot, the great-grand-nephew of the 
Earl of Clarendon, and fourth cousin to Queens 
Mary and Anne, of England. 

His blood relationship to the royal family 
makes the theory that the father of the Georgia 
William Candler, who is known to have married 
an Irish woman, came to America to escape 
social ostracism, the more probable; because, 
while the English might condone the offense in a 
commoner, or even in one with noble blood in his 
veins, they would hardly forgive one connected 
by blood, however remotely, with the royal fam- 
ily, for so grave a breach of social law. That 
the reader may trace these genealogies for him- 
self, I append the following extracts from the 
leading British authors on genealogy. 

Walford, in his "County Families of the 
United Kingdom," says — 

"Candler— This family is of great antiquity in 
Norfolk and Suffolk, are of Saxon origin, and 
are maternally descended from the noble family 
of \^avasour. The name was formerly spelt 
Kaendler. A branch settled in Ireland temp 
Cromwell." 

Baker's history of Northampton County: "The 
first Candler named is William Candler, Es- 
quire, a Lieutenant-Colonel under Cromwell; 



settled in Ireland, married Anne, widow of Cap- 
tain John Villiers."* 

Their children were: 

1. Thomas Candler of Callan Castle, county 
Kilkenny, who married twice — first Elizabeth, 
daughter of Captain William Burrell, by Eliza- 
beth, sister and co-heir of the Very Reverend 
Benjamin Phipps, Dean of Ferns, a branch of 
the family of Phipps from which the Earls of 
Mulgrave descended, but had no issue. He mar- 
ried, second, Jane, daughter of Sir Henry Tuite, 
Baronet of Sonagh, in the county of West 
Meath, by Diana Mabbot, niece of Edward 
Hyde, the celebrated Earl of Clarendon, and 
first cousin of her Royal Highness, the Duchess 
of York, mother of Queens Mary and Anne, by 
whom he had — 

I. Henry, D. D., Arch Deacon of Ossory, and 
Rector of the great living of Callan, who mar- 
ried Anne, daughter of Francis Flood, of Burn- 
church, in the county of Kilkenny, sister of 
Right Honorable Warden Flood, Lord Chief 
Justice of Ireland, and aunt of Sir Frederic 
Flood, Baronet. He had issue: 1st, Thomas; 2d, 
William of Acomb, in the county of York; some- 
time a Captain in the tenth regiment of foot, 
who married Mary, only daughter of William 

*Of the family of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham. The oldest 
member of the House of Commons at this time, Charles Villiers, is a 
member of the same family. He has represented Wolverhampton in 
Parliament for sixty years, and is ninety years old. He was one of the 
prime movers, with Brightand Cobden, in the "Corn Law" agitation, and 
his constituents, a few years ago, erected his statue in brass, in his na- 
tive town, Wolverhampton, he being still alive, a mark of honor rarely 
shown even in appreciative England. 

74 



Vavasour, Esquire, of Weston Hall, in the county 
of York, by Anne, daug-hter of John Champlin, 
Esquire of Tathwell, in the county of Lincoln, 
by whom he had: 1st, Henry, of whom hereafter; 
2d, Sir Thomas, of the Russian orders of Saint 
Anne, Saint Georg-e and Saint Waldimir, etc. 

n. William Candler, D. D., of Castle Comer, 
in the county of Kilkenny, who married, first, 
Miss Aston, by whom he had Henry Candler, 
L.L. D., who married Mrs. Elwood, daug-hter 

of Matthew, Esquire, of Bonneston, county 

Kilkenny, and left Henry, a Captain in the army, 
who died at Saint Doming-o in 179(). 

He married, second, Mary, daughter and co- 
heir of Charles Ryves, Esquire, and also co-heir 
(with her cousins, Mary Juliana, Lady Morres, 
and Anne, wife of Thomas Croker, Esquire, of 
Blackweston, in county Kildare, whose daughter 
and heiress was created a peeress by the title of 
Baroness of Crofton ) of Sir Richard Ryves, Kt., 
a Baron of the Exchequer, by whom he had; 2d, 
Edward of Prior Park and Combhill, in the 
county of Somerset, and Aghamure, county Kil- 
kenny, who, on succeeding to considerable es- 
tates in the county of Norfolk and Lincoln, un- 
der the will of his relative, Marg-aret, relict of 
Sir Robert Brown, and daug:hter of the Honora- 
ble Robert Cecil, second son of James, Earl of 
Salisbury, took the name of Brown, in addition 
to and after that of Candler, by sig-n manual 
dated May (5th, 1803. 

He married Hester, daug-hter of P. Bury, of 
Little Island, in county Cork, but left no issue. 



III. Thomas Candler, of Dublin, who married 
and left issue — John Candler, of Castlewood, in 
Queens county — who died without issue. 

"Arch Deacon Candler died in 1757, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son, Thomas Candler, of 
Kilmog-any; who married Sarah Letchwood, by 
whom having no issue he was succeeded by his 
nephew, Henry Candler, Esquire, eldest son of 
his brother. Captain William Candler, of Acomb, 
York, by Mary Vavasour, his wife. He mar- 
ried Mary, only child of William Ascoug-h, 
Esquire, of York." 

Burke in his "History of the Landed Gentry" 
says: "William Candler, Esquire, a Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel in the army under Cromwell, had 
considerable g;rants of land in the counties of 
Kilkenny and Wexford, and, therefore, settled 
in Ireland. He was succeeded by his son, 
Thomas Candler, of Callan Castle. 

"Thomas Candler, of Callan Castle, was 
father of Henry Candler and William Candler, 
D. D., who married Mrs. Elwood. She bore 
him Henry Candler, a Captain in the army, who 
died in Saint Domingo in 179(). 

"Thomas Candler, of Callan Castle, was suc- 
ceeded by his son, the venerable Henry Cand- 
ler, D. D., Arch Deacon of Ossory, and rector 
of the great living of Callan, who married Anne, 
daughter of Francis Flood, and sister of the 
Right Honorable Warden Flood, Lord Chief 
Justice of Ireland. Arch Deacon Candler was 
succeeded by his son, Reverend Thomas Candler, 
of Kilmogany. He had no children, and was 



succeeded by his nephew, Henry Candler, Es- 
I quire, eldest son of Captain William Candler, of 
jYork county. He died in 1815, and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Henry Candler, who died 
unmarried, in 1825, and was succeeded by his 
brother, the present W^illiam Candler, Esquire, 
of the royal navy. "' 

Burke says : "The name appears on a fine 
monumicnt in Tottenham church spelled Can- 
deler : 'Here resteth in peace ye body of Rich- 
ard Candeler, Esquire, Justice of Peace within 
ye county of Middel; born at W^alsing-ha, in the 
county of Norfolk. He married Eliz: Locke, ye 
I daughter and sole heir of Matthew Locke, 
I second son of Sir William Locke, Kt. They 
i lived together in holie wedlock 2(j years. They 
I had issue — one son and one daughter; Edward 
i died in his infancie, and Anne, the first wife of 
Sir Ferdinando Hybourne, Knight. He ended 
this life the 21 October Ao. Dni. 1G02, aged 61 
years, and the said Eliz: deceased the 2d day of 
Jan., 1(322. 

" 'Here also resteth in peace the body of Sir 

I Ferdinando Hybourne, Kt., Justice of the Peace 

' in the county of Midd. He wayted at the feet 

of Qu. Elizabeth of famous memory, and our 

sovereign lord K. James, in their privy chamber. 

He was a careful magistrate, without respect of 

I persons, and a true friend to the cause of the 

j poor. He married dame Anne, ye daughter 

and heir of Richard Candeler, Esqre. They 

I lived together in holy wedlock 23 years, and he 

ended this life the 1 June, 1()18, aged GO years, 

77 



and Dame Anne ended this life the 24 of June, 
A. D. K)!.'), ag-ed 44 years.' " 

"On a orrave stone on the floor is inscribed : 

" 'Hic jacet doinina Atma^ uxor carissima Ferdi- 
natidi Hybouvftc^ militis, filia et haeres Ric: Candeler 
et E/iz., iixoris ejus, quae obiit 24 Junii, i^iS- Prole 
carens Christi vice prolis amavit amantes carens ei 
ante omnes aeger egens, fuitS 

"It was also spelled Kaendler, from which it 
is presumed to be of Saxon origin." 

"In 183(5, Edward Candler, Esquire, of More- 
ton, married Janet Sempill, Baroness Sempill 
in the Scottish Peerage, and sister of Lord Sel- 
kirk, who thereupon, by royal license, assumed 
the surname of Sempill only." Thus the name 
Candler became extinct in Ireland. 

"The arms of the family were 'parted in terce. 
per fesse. indented, the chief per pale azure and 
argent, the base or, a canton gules. Crest, the 
figure of an angel proper, vested argent, hold- 
ing in the dexter hand, a sword, the blade wavy 
of the first, pomel and hilt or, motto, ' Ad mor- 
tem fidelis^ "' The foregoing extracts, taken from 
the most authentic records and publications, fur- 
nish a concise history of Lieutenant-Colonel 
William Candler, who was the progenitor of the 
name in Ireland, and his descendants down to 
the present day. 

That the catalogue of the descendants of the 
first English Lord of Callan Castle made by 
Burke, is complete, is not pretended. Indeed, it 
is not necessary that it should be. In England, 
where the law of primogeniture prevails, it is im- 



portant that complete and accurate lists of the 
families of those nearest to the succession be 
preserved; but of the young^er sons of the landed 
g-entry, and even of the nobility, this is not nec- 
essary. They are, in numerous families, too far 
from the succession to hope ever to inherit the 
ancestral acres. Hence of many of these not 
even the names are preserved in the g:enealog-i- 
cal tables, and the books of heraldry. Often 
these young-er sons of the gentry and the nobil- 
ity emigrate beyond the seas, and seek to make 
for themselves name and fortune. Thus we see 
in the fifth g;eneration of this same family, while 
Henry, the second child and oldest son of W'il- 
liam of Callan and his wife, Mary V^avasour, 
remained in Ireland, and succeeded, under the 
law of primogeniture, to the family estate, his 
younger brother, Thomas, who could not inherit 
while his older brother, or any of his male de- 
scendants lived, emigrated to Russia, joined the 
Russian navy, got to be a \'ice-Admiral, and 
was decorated by the Czar with the badges of 
three orders of knighthood. Saint Ann, Saint 
George and Saint W'aldimir. 

For the same reasons, and for the additional 
reason heretofore given, it is more than probable 
— indeed almost certain — that the father of Wil- 
liam Candler of Georgia, came to America, and 
planted the family name on this continent, as 
Sir Thomas, two generations later, planted it in 
Russia; and had William Candler of Georgia, 
married an English instead of an Irish wife and 
fought for, instead of against, the British crown 



in the War of the Revolution, no doubt his name 
too, as that of Sir Thomas, would appear in the 
g-enealog^ical tables, as the grandson of Thomas 
of Callan. That this was the relationship be- 
tween the two cannot be doubted, established as 
it is, by an array of circumstances, affording 
proof stronger, if possible, than a written record. 
At the end of this little volume is inserted a 
genealogical chart of the descendants of Wil- 
liam Candler of Callan Castle, who have lived 
in England, Ireland and Russia. It is taken 
from Baker's History of Northampton County. 
To it I have added the American branch of 
the family. 



CHAPTER III. 

Having: thus far confined ourselves mainly to 
the lives of William Candler and his wife, Eliza- 
beth Anthony, and their ancestry, we will in this 
chapter speak more at length of their descend- 
ants. 

William Candler and his wife Elizabeth, had 
eleven children, Mary, Henry, Falby, William, 
Charles, Elizabeth, John, Amelia, Joseph, Mark 
Anthony, and Daniel. 

Charles died when a child. All the others 
lived to be g"rown. William and John never 
married. All but these two did, and all who 
married left children except Joseph, who died 
without issue. 

Mary, the eldest child, married, as has been 
stated. Major Ig-natius Few, who served through 
the entire W^ar of the Revolution in the conti- 
nental army, first as a Lieutenant, then Captain, 
and finally as Major. He was the brother of 
Colonels Benjamin and W^illiam Few, both 
distinguished officers in the patriot army. 

Ig"natius Few and his wife, Mary Candler, had 
four children, Elizabeth, Mary, William, and 
Ig'natius Alphonso. 

Elizabeth married John William Devereux in 
1795, and died in Columbia county in 1799. 

Mary died in infancy. 

William was born in 17S2, and married Han- 
nah Andrew, in 1S()7. He died in Columbia 
county in 1819. 



Ignatius Alphonso, the youngest child, was 
born in Columbia county, Georgia, on the 11th 
of April, 1790. He married Salina Agnes Carr, 
daughter of Colonel Thomas Carr, a soldier 
of the Revolution, on the 29th of August, 
1811, and died in Athens, Georgia, in 1845. 
On the campus of Emory College at Oxford, 
Georgia, of which institution he w^as one of the 
founders, and the first president, is a marble 
monument erected to his memory."^' He left no 
children. 

* Oa this monument are three inscriptions : 
On the North side— 

I. A. FEW, 

Founder and first President 

of 

Emory College. 

Elected December 8th, 1837; 

Entered upon his duties September 10, 1838, resigned July 17, 1839. 

" Memoria prodenda liberis nostris."' 
In early life an infidel, beame a Christian from conviction, and for 
many years of deep affliction walked by iaith in ihe Son of God. 

A profound theologian, and an earnest, eloquent preacher, whose 
sermons and whose life and death exhibited in beautiful harmony pro- 
found wisdom and child-like simplicity and humble and unfaltering con- 
fidence in God. 

On the South side— 

ViviT : — Non mostuusest. 
A Tribute of Love and Veneration to Exalted worth from the 
Few and Phi Gamma Societies 
of 
Emory College. 
Sister Associations, who thus delight to honor the memory of their com- 
mon founder and patron. 
On the East side— 

The grand Lodge of Georgia erects this monument in token of high 
regard for a deceased brother, 

IGNATIUS A. FEW, 

Who departed this life in y\thens, Ga , November 2Sth, 1845, aged 56 

years, 7 months and 17 days. 

S2 



He was a man of great learning and piety, 
and one of the most eminent divines in the min- 
istry of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He 
was also one of the founders of Wesleyan Fe- 
male College at Macon, Georgia, the oldest 
female college in the world. In the founding of 
Emory College he expended much of his ample 
fortune, and that institution stands to-day a mon- 
ument to his liberality, enterprise, piety and 
devotion to the church in whose service he died. 

It is said that he and John Forsyth were the 
only two Georgians upon whom a British Uni- 
versity ever conferred the degree of L. L. D. 

Henry, the second child of William and Eliza- 
beth Candler, was born in 17G2, and served 

He was born April nth, ^879-, in Columbia county, then the county 
of Richmond, in this State. 

As a Mason he possessed all those noble traits of character which 
constitute the worthy brother of this ancient and honorable order. As a 
minister of the gospel he exemplified the beautiful description of the poet- 

' His theme divine, 
His office sacred, his credentials clear, 
By him the violated law spoke out 
Its thunders; and by him in strains as sweet 
As angels use, the gospel whispered peace. 

As a patron of education and learning his complement is seen in the 
buildings which this monument confronts. 

As a Patriot he was among the first on the battleiield at his coun- 
try's call m the war of 1812, from which he returned to honor that country 
as a private citizen. 

In private life he was distinguished for the amenity of his manners, 
the worth of his friendship, his high social qualities, and his varied and 
useful knowledge. Masons, Christians, Scholars, Patriots, and Citizens 
Join each in the sentiment. 

" Care Vale ! Sed non eternum, Care Valeto ! 
Namqueiterum i^um sini, modo dignus ero; 
Tum nihil ampleTis potent divellere nostros 
Nee tu marcesces, nee lachrimabor ego." 



throug:h the war of the Revolution, and rose to 
the rank of Major. He, in one of the battles in 
South Carolina, in 1781, but in which one is not 
now positively known, was desperately wounded, 
and. besides other injuries, lost an arm. 

In the journal of the General Assembly of Geor- 
gia of Sunday, the 4th of Aug-ust, 1782, (the 
leg"islature sat on Sunday as on any other day, 
at that period) is this record — ''Resolved^ that 
John Lindsey be empowered to purchase one 
negro fellow (at the sale of confiscated estates) 
for Doctor Timothy Russell, the same to be 
given him in full of his account for curing the 
said Lindsey, and also Thomas Greer, and Henry 
Candler, w^ho were maimed and much wounded 
in the service of their country." 

After the close of the war of the Revolution 
he married a Miss Oliver, and settled in Warren 
county, Georgia, near the settlement in which he 
was reared. He left only one child, a son, who 
died in Macon county, Georgia, about 1867, with- 
out issue. 

Of Joseph and John the writer has but little 
information. They were both in the army when 
mere boys, about the close of the war of the 
Revolution, but their services were on the west- 
ern border of the state against the Indian allies 
of the British. Both of them, as well as their 
brother. Major Henry Candler, and their father, 
Colonel William Candler, received bounties of 
land for their military services. This is shown 
by the land records in the office of the Secretary 
of State. 



Colonel William Candler's bounty was one 
of the finest bodies of land in Washington 
county, eleven hundred and fifty acres. It is in 
a big: bend of the Oconee river. 

John died without issue, never having married. 

Joseph married, but to whom is not known to 
the writer, and if he had children they died with- 
out issue. 

William was probably an invalid. He never 
married, and, though older than John and Joseph, 
he was not in the army. It is probable that he 
died when he was about grown. 

Mark, the youngest son, except Daniel, of Col- 
onel \\^illiam Candler's children, was married 
twice. The writer does not know to whom he 
was first married, but by this wife he had two 
children, John and Louisa. 

I. John was a farmer and married, lived and 
died in Columbia county, Georgia, where he was 
born. His most marked characteristic was his 
piety and goodness. He was unambitious, and 
hence aroused no envies nor jealousies, and was 
one of those of whom all men speak well. He 
died in 1892 at the age of 8.1 years. 

In early life he married a Miss Young of Col- 
umbia county. They had but two children, 
Elizabeth and William. I have been unable to 
learn to whom Elizabeth was married, or what 
became of her. William never married and died 
a few years ago without issue. 

II. Louisa married a man named Shivers in 
Warren county, but of her descendants the 
writer knows nothing. 

85 



1^ 



In 181() Mark A. Candler was married the 
second time, to Lucy White, who, althoug-h a 
native of Georgia, was of Irish parentage. It is 
related that her parents took passage on the 
same ship from Dublin, Ireland, about the year 

95, and that they met first on board ship shortly 
after leaving Dublin. During the long tedious 
voyage they were thrown much together, and the 
friendship which sprang up between them soon 
ripened into love. With the natural ardor of his 
race, the young Irishman pressed his suit, and 
they were married soon after landing in this coun- 
try. .Tho s- W'hite, of Columbia county, a brother 
of Lucy White, was a man of considerable prom- 
inence in his time. 

Mark A. Candler and his family lived in an 
old fort constructed during the Revolutionary 
war at Wrightsborough, in Columbia county. 
His avocation was that of a farmer, and from all 
accounts, he was not possessed of a very large 
share of this world's goods. In fact, at his death, 
his family was left in rather straitened circum- 
stances, and for several years his young widow 
had a hard struggle to make ends meet. He 
died in 1828, leaving eight children as the result 
of his second marriage, the eldest of whom was 
less than twelve years old. His wife and two of 
the children, William and Susan, died in 1851 
from the effects of poison, supposed to have been 
put into the salt used on the table by some of the 
negro slaves. 

. The eight children, by this marriage, were: (1) 
William Henry; (2) Julia ( these two were twins); 



(3) Mary; (4) Lucy; (5) Albert Thomas; (6) Su- 
san; (7) Mark, and (8) Cornelius Capers. 

III. William Henry was born in Columbia 
county, Ga., in 1817. In 1850 he married Mary 
A. Ryan, of Columbia county, Ga., a niece of the 
Honorable Charles E. Haynes, of Hancock 
county, at one time a member of Congress from 
Georg-ia. He died in 1851, leaving but one child, 
a daughter, named Willie for her father, who 
died when she was only three months old. This 
daughter, Willie Candler, is now the w^fe of Col- 
onel James D. Norman, a lawyer of Union 
Springs, Ala. She has four children, James T., 
Willie Candler, Charles Dozier, and Mary Dean. 
/ IV. Julia, the twin sister of William Henry 
r Candler, married, in 1850, the Reverend Wesley 
P. Arnold, who, for many years, was a promi- 
\ nent minister in the Southern Methodist church, 
and preached all over Georgia. He and his wife 
are both dead. She died in W^ilkes county in 
1896, at the age of 79 years. She had only two 
children, daughters, Hattie and Augusta. Hat- 
tie married W. A. Potts, and now lives in Dooly 
county, Ga. 

Augusta died in childhood. 
V. Mary married Joel Perry, of McDuffie 
county, Georgia, in 1845. They had six children: 
William, Albert, Lula, Milton. Rose, and Susan. 
Mrs. Perry is living in Dawson, Terrell county, 
Ga., and is 78 years old. One of her sons, Albert 
Perry, lives in Atlanta, Ga. Another lives in 
Dawson, Ga. 



\'I. Lucy married Alpheus Fuller, of Colum- 
l)ia county, Ga., in 1S4(). They removed to Tal- 
bot county in 185.") and settled there. Mr. Ful- 
ler died in ISSo. She is still living in Harris 
county, and is 7() years old. She had five child- 
ren: Cornelia, Kittie, Albert, Walter, and Rob- 
ert Sidney. 

Cornelia married Albert Johnson. 

Kittie was twice married, first to Charles Do- 
zier, and after his death to George Shipp. She ' 
lives in Columbus, Ga., and has no children. 

Albert is a merchant at Shiloh, Ga. He mar- i 
ried Miss Bullock. They have no children. j 

\\' alter died in 188(5, unmarried. i 

Robert Sidney is also a merchant at Shiloh, | 
Ga. He married Miss Brooks, and has two ' 
children, Robert N., and Clifford Candler. His I 
mother, Lucy (Candler) Fuller, lives with 
him. ! 

\TI. Albert Thomas Candler, the fifth child of j 
Mark A. Candler, by his second wife, and the i 
youngest now living, was born at Wrights- | 
borough, Columbia county, Ga., February, 22, ! 
LS22. After the death of his father in 1828 he ' 
was adopted by his L^ncle l^homas White and 
remained with him until he was nearly grown. 
In 181:9 he married Susan Elizabeth Paschal, ■< 
daughter of Asa Paschal, a large planter, who ; 
lived on the banks of Little River in the little : 
town of Raysville in Columbia county. He 
moved to Talbot county in L^5() where he reared 
a large family and where he still lives, loved and 
honored by all who know him. A. T. Candler i 



and his wife, Susan E.. had children: JuHan Carl- ) 
ton, Orville Augustus, Clifford Lawton, Herbert '^ 
Paschal, Georg:e Leon, Mary C. and Susan \ 
Alberta. 

1. Julian C. Candler, a young- man of much 
promise died August 5, 1882, in the prime of his 
young manhood. 

2. Orville A. Candler was born at Raysville, 
Columbia county, January 31, 1852. He has 
never married, is a railroad man, and is now liv- 
ing at Macon, Ga. 

o. Clifford L. Candler, also born in Columbia 
county September 17, 18."35, was just one year old 
when his parents moved to Talbot county. Soon 
after leaving school he engaged in railroad busi- 
ness, and in 1878 moved to Alabama in the ser- 
vice of the East Tennessee, Virginia &: Georgia 
Railway. In 188(3 he was transferred to Macon, 
Ga., in the interest of the same company, and 
from being agent at Macon, Ga., he was made 
General Agent for the East Tennessee, Virginia 
&: Georgia Railway ( now the Southern Railway) 
at Brunswick, Ga., in June 1893. The yellow 
fever epidemic of 1893, which is still fresh in the 
memory of every one, first made its appearance 
within two months after his removal to Bruns- 
wick, but realizing the responsibility resting upon 
him, and with a courage manifested by but few, 
he remained at his post during that most trying 
season. On the 21st of May, 1882, he was mar-, — 
ried to Miss Nonnie S. Weissinger, of Dallas 
county Ala., a graduate of the Judson Female 
Institute of Marion, Ala., and a daughter of Mr. 



Jesse B. Weissinger, an extensive cotton planter 
livings near Uniontown. There has never been 
any children born to them. 

4. Herbert P. Candler was born at Geneva, 
Talbot county, April 6, 1S58. He located at 
Montgomery, Ala., in 1880, where he has lived 
ever since, engag'ed in the service of the U. S. Gov- 
ernment under the Department of Engineering. 
He married in 1889 Beverly Randolph, daugh- 
ter of Major Randolph, formerly of Hale county, 
now of Sheffield, Ala. 

H. P. Candler and his wife have one child, a 
sturdy, promising, boy named Albert Randolph. 

5. George L. Candler, youngest son of A. T. 
Candler, was born in Talbot county, February 14, 
1860. He moved to Montgomery, Ala., about 
the year 1880, but in 1888 he settled at Colum- 
bus, Ga. He also engaged in the railroad busi- 
ness early in life, and is at present agent 
for the Central Railroad at Columbus. In No- 
vember, 1890, he was married to Lizzie Lee 
Kyle, granddaughter of Mr. J. Kyle, of Colum- 
bus. They have three children, all girls; Kath- 
erine, Elizabeth and Margaret. 

(). Mary C. Candler was married in 1891 to 
Dr. J. H. Winchester, a practicing physician of 
Americus, Ga. They have two children, a son 
who bears his mother's family name, Candler, 
and an infant daughter. 

7. Susan A. Candler, the youngest of the chil- 
dren of A. T. Candler, still lives with her parents 
in Talbot county. She has never married. 

Vni. Mark A. died at se\'enteen years of age. 



IX. Cornelius Capers Candler was the young- 
est of Mark Candler's children. He was born 
at Wrig:htsboroug-h, Ga., April 11, 1829, and was 
twice married. June 13, 1854, he married Flora 
Stapler, but she died without issue, April 10, 
1855. On the 20th of November, 1856, he was 
married to Pierce Hardy, of Columbia county, 
after which he settled near the little town of 
Metasville, in Wilkes county. He enlisted in 
the Confederate Army at the beginning; of the 
war, and remained in active service until he was 
incapacitated for duty by wounds received at the 

battle of . He died March :3(), 1881, 

and is buried near his home in Wilkes county. 

Cornelius C. Candler and his wife. Pierce 
Hardy, had children: Mary Ella, William Au- 
gustus, Fannie Lula, Sarah Leslie, Charles Ed- 
win, Cornelia Ann, John Albert, Emma Vir- 
ginia and George Wesley (twins), Elizabeth, 
Susan Pheribe, Maggie M., Walter Linton, and 
Cornelius Clement. 

Mary Ella Candler married Alexander Tyler 
in March, 1879, and their eldest daughter, Pearle 
Tyler, married Whit Ferguson, May 5, 1894. 

Sarah Leslie Candler married George Albea, 
February 16, 1882. 

Fannie Lula Candler married Moses Pilcher, 
April 19, 1885. 

Emma Virginia Candler married William 
Steel, February 14, 1889. 

Walter Linton Candler, the only living son of 
Cornelius C. Candler, was born April 23, 1876, 
and is living with his mother in Wilkes county. 



The five other sons all died in childhood, also 
one daug-hter, Cornelia. 

Elizabeth, Susan and Mag-gie are unmarried 
and still live at the family home near Metas- 
ville, Wilkes county. 

Daniel, the youngest child of Colonel Wil- 
liam Candler, was only eight years old, when 
his father died. He was born in Columbia 
county, then Richmond, in 1779, and was an 
infant in his mother's arms, when the family 
was driven into exile by the British and tories 
in 1780. He was broug-ht back to Richmond 
county by his parents at the close of the war, 
and grew up on the plantation on which his 
father settled in 1709. This land Col. William 
Candler held under a grrant from the King-. It 
was, when g-ranted, in the Parish of St. Paul. In 
1777 the Parish was made the county of Rich- 
mond. In 1790 Richmond was divided and 
the upper half, in which the Candlers lived, 
became the county of Columbia, and now the 
old family seat is in the county of McDuffie. 

When only twenty years of age, in 1779, he 
married Sarah Slaughter, daughter of Samuel 
Slaughter, Esquire, a veteran of the War of the 
Revolution, and a successful planter of Wilkes 
county, Georgia, who came into the State from 
Virginia about the close of the war. 

In 17S3, the last year of the war, the Legisla- 
ture of Georgia, to encourage immigration and 
strengthen the infant State, passed a law offer- 
ing to give to each head of a family, who would 
come into it from anv of the other States, and 



settle upon it, two hundred acres of land for 
himself, and fifty additional acres for each white 
member of his family, and for each slave, not 
exceeding ten in number. This liberal policy 
broug-ht many immigrants into Georgia from 
the older States, especially from Virginia. The 
Virginians settled mainly in Wilkes county, 
then embracing most of the territory now in- 
cluded in all of the adjacent counties north 
of Little River. Among these came Ezekiel 
Slaughter, and his two sons, Reuben and 
Samuel, then young men. All three of them 
settled in the lower part of Wilkes county, on 
lands granted to them by the State under the 
law above referred to. 

The grant to Ezekiel Slaughter bears date of 
1785. Those of his two sons, a year later. 

The Slaughters were all ardent whigs; the 
two sons had served in the armies of the colo- 
nies during the war for independence, and both 
were wounded in battle. Reuben lost a leg, and 
Samuel two fingers of his left hand. Both reared 
large families, and their descendants are to be 
found scattered all over the South, especially in 
Georgia. Reuben was married twice, and raised 
twenty-four children — twenty-two sons and two 
daughters, twelve by each wife. 

Daniel Candler died in Columbia county, Ga., 
in 1816 at the age of thirty-seven years. Cut off 
at a period in life before which but few men ac- 
complish much, his career was void of special 
incident. He, as did all Georgians of the first 
generation after the establishment of the inde- 



pendence of the State, took a lively interest 
in politics, and there is a tradition that on one 
occasion he fought a duel, no uncommon thing- 
in those days, with a Captain Snow, a member 
of the Legislature, I think from Burke county. 
Captain Snow was seriously, but not mortally 
wounded, and Mr. Candler received a pistol ball 
in his cravat, but was unhurt. The duel, it is 
said, grew out of a political difference, and never 
afterward could he be induced to take any active 
part in the heated political contests that marked 
that period of the history of the State. 

Daniel Candler and his wife, Sarah Slaughter, 
had seven children, towit: (1) William Love, (2) 
Elizabeth Anthony, (3) John Kingston, (4) 
Frances Emily, (5) Samuel Charles, ((5) Daniel 
Gill, and ( 7 ) Ezekiel Slaughter. 

After the death of Daniel Candler, in 181(5, his 
widow, still a young woman, married D. S. Chap- 
man, Esquire, of Baldwin county, Ga., by whom 
she had four children, all daughters. 

But it is of the Candlers we write, the descend- 
of Colonel William Candler and his wife, Eliza- 
beth Anthony. 

Their children were: 

L William Love, born in Milledgeville, Ga., 
September 1st, 1801. He was a man of strong 
intellect, marked individuality and possessed of 
a tenacious memory in which were garnered 
many gems of literature gathered from standard 
authors, especially Shakespeare and Burns, his 
favorite poets. There is now in his family an 
old, well-worn copy of "Robbie Burns," as he 



was wont to call the Scotch poet, which he 
carried in his knapsack throug-fi the Seminole 
war of 183(5, with which he beg-uiled the tedious 
hours of his soldier life. 

Of unswerving; honesty, great moral courage 
and rapid powers of analysis and reason, he was 
quick to decide, and immovable in his de- 
termination. 

In 1824 he married Martha Moore, a woman 
of rare amiability, and beautiful Christian char- 
acter. She was the daughter of John Moore, a 
Scotchman, and a man of local prominence, 
near Savannah, Georgia, and his wife Susan 
Conante, a native of Ohio. 

About 1850 he removed from Georgia to 
Claiborne, now Bienville, Parish, Louisiana, and 
spent the remainder of his life. His career was 
one of usefulness rather than ambition. While 
an ardent partisan, at all times ready to make 
any sacrifice to secure the triumph of his party, 
or his friend, he steadily declined political 
preferment. 

In December, 18()1:, his wife; the congenial 
partner in all the joys and sorrows of his active 
and useful life, died. He survived her only 
about three years. His death occurred on the 
16th of January, 1868. They are buried side by 
side in the family cemetery near Mount Leba- 
non, Louisiana. 

To them were born eight children towit: (1) 
John C, (2) Missouri Frances, (-3) Caroline, (4) 
Martha Daniel, (5) Josephine, (6) William Wal- 
lace, (7) Sallie Edna, and (8) Patrick Henry. 



1. John C, died in youth. 

2. Missouri Frances was said to have been one 
of the most beautiful women of her day. She 
was twice married; first, to WilHam G. Walker, 
an extensive planter in Putman county, Ga., a 
native of that State, and educated at the univer- 
sity in Athens. By this marriage she left two 
children: (1) Augusta Walker, and (2) Thaddeus 
Alonzo W^alker. 

Augusta Walker married William H. Todd, a 
native of Kentucky, and prominent journalist of 
Montana, in which State he located after the 
close of the war of secession. He served through 
this war as a staff officer with General Sterling 
Price, on the Confederate side. He was chief 
clerk of the convention that framed the organic 
law of the State of Montana in 1S89. He re- 
moved with his family from Montana to Louisi- 
ana in 189] , and for several years has been on 
the staff of the Shreveport Times, a part of the 
time as business manager, and a part as editor- 
in-chief. To them has been born one child, Wil- 
liam Walker Todd, on the 3d of July, 1881. 

Thaddeus Alonzo Walker, the second child of 
Missouri Frances (Candler) Walker, is a planter 
and merchant at Gibsland, La. He married 
Miss Winnie Prothro, of Mount Lebanon. They 
have five children living: (1 ) Gussie Winnie, (2) 
Pearl T., (3) Thaddeus Alofizo, Jr., (4) Viola 
Gertrude, and (5) Irma Candler. 

Gussie W., though quite young, is an author 
and musician of unusual ability. 



Pear], yet a mere girl, is already a musical 
composer of much promise, and, as is also her 
elder sister, a beautiful and accomplished young 
lady. 

After the death of her first husband, Missouri 
Candler married Dr. P. T. Harris, a native of 
Alabama, and a graduate of Jefferson college, 
Philadelphia. By this marriage she had three 
children: (1) Ptolemy T. Harris; (2) William 
Hannibal Harris, and (;3) Mollie F. Harris. 

Ptolemy T. Harris is a merchant in Mobile, 
Ala. He is unmarried. 

William Hannibal Harris is also unmarried. 
He is a large land ownerin Texas, and is also in 
mercantile business in Fort Worth. 

Mollie F. Harris married, when very young, 
L. M. Wilson, Jr., of Mobile, Ala. At the age 
of seventeen, she was left a widow with one child, 
a little girl, who grew up and married a young 
lawyer of Mobile, S. Gaillard, a descendant of a 
distinguished old Huguenot family of South 
Carolina. One of his ancestors, John Gaillard, 
was a senator in Congress from South Carolina 
from 1804 to 182(3; another, Theodore Gaillard, 
a United States Judge in Louisiana in 1813. She 
has one child, Madeline L. Gaillard. 

Mollie F. Wilson and her daughter's family all 
live together in Mobile. 

Doctor Harris and his wife, Missouri Frances 
Candler, removed from Louisiana to Arkansas, 
where she died many years ago. Her remains 
were brought back to Louisiana, and were buried 
in the old family cemetery near Mount Lebanon. 



o. Caroline; second daug-hter of William L. 
Candler, married, near Mount Lebanon, La., 
Sampson L. Harris, a member of a distinguished 
Alabama family, one member of which, the Hon- 
orable Sampson W. Harris, was a member of 
Congress from Alabama from 1S47 to 1857. 
Another Sampson W. Harris is now a Circuit 
Judge in Georgia. 

They also removed from Louisiana to Arkan- 
sas, where she died. Her remains were also 
broug^ht back, and interred in the family ceme- 
tery near Mount Lebanon. 

Four children were born of this union: (1) 
William Sampson Harris; (2) Susan Harris, 
and two, who died in infancy, whose names are 
not known to the writer. 

William Sampson Harris married Miss Bettie 
B. Fort, of Prescott, Arkansas. They li\'e at 
New Lewisville, Ark., and have four children: 
(L) Fannie Harris; {'2) Susie Harris; (o) Bettie 
Flarris, and (4) Patrick Candler Harris. 

Susan, the only surviving daughter of Caro- 
line Candler and her husband, Sampson L. Har- 
ris, married a Mr. Hunt, of Mississippi. They 
settled somewhere near San Antonio, Texas, 
and have a large family of children, but the 
\\-riter does not know the names of any of them. 

4. Martha Daniel, third daughter of William 
L. Candler, married John H. Walker, of Mount 
Lebanon, La., a son of William G. Walker, her 
sister's husband by a former marriage. They 
had five children — three sons and two daug'hters: 
( 1 ) Francis Hill; ( lM David Americus; ( :V)^ Allen 



Wilson; (4) John Clarence, and (5) Missouri 
Carrie. 

Francis Hill died in infancy. 

David A., married first Miss Fairchild, daugh- 
ter of Senator Fairchild of Mississipi. She had 
no children. 

He afterwards married a young lady in Texas, 
whose name is unknown to the writer. By this 
marriage he had one son, ^\^ho, with the father, 
lives somewhere in Texas. The mother is dead. 

Allen Wilson, second son of Martha D. Cand- 
ler, married Miss Lee May at Lewisville, Ark. 
He died at that place in 1893. Four children 
were born to him, two of whom died in youth, 
and two, a son, J. H.. and a daughter, Gussie 
Walker, now live with their mother in Lewisville. 

John Clarence W^alker, third son of Martha 
D. Candler, married Miss Lee Farrar of Mag- 
nolia, Arkansas. They live in New Lewisville, 
Arkansas, where he is in mercantile business, 
and have three children: Benjamin, Alvin and 
Fay. 

Missouri Carrie, only surviving daughter of 
Martha D. Candler and her husband, John H. 
Walker, married in Mexia, Texas, H. B. Scofield, 
a native of Alabama, who is now connected 
with the Texas Produce Company of Texar- 
kana. She is noted for benevolence, and is an 
active worker in the Woman's Christian Tem- 
perance Union. One son, born in June LS8(j, 
was the fruit of this union. 

5. Doctor William Wallace Candler, second 
son of William L. Candler, graduated at 



Mount Lebanon University, and subsequent- 
ly, in medicine, at Charleston, South Caro- 
lina. Soon after he completed his medical 
education he entered the Army of the Confed- 
erate States as a member of the Ninth Louisana 
Infantry, and served through the entire war. 
Soon after its close he settled in the practice of 
his profession at Lewisville, Arkansas. A 
physician of skill and ability, and possessed ol a 
wonderfully genial and social disposition, lie 
soon succeeded in building- up an extensive and 
lucrative practice. In a few years he associated 
with himself in the practice of his profession his 
younger and equally popular and able brother. 
Doctor Patrick H. Candler. 

At Spring Hill, Arkansas, he married Miss 
Julia Sullivan, a highly accomplished lady, a 
native of Tennessee, a member of the distin- 
guished family of that name in that State, and a 
descendant of the equally distinguished family 
of Sullivans of Killarny, Ireland. 

Of this union one daughter, Julia Candler, 
was born. She married E. P. Schaer, a native 
of Arkansas, a druggist in Little Rock. They 
have four children living. One son, Wallace 
Candler Schaer, died in childhood. The living 
children are (1) Lucy May, (2) Julia Candler, 
(3) Edmund Patrick and (4) Octavia Jennings. 
The family still lives in Little Rock. 

(5. Sallie Edna, youngest daughter of William 
L. Candler, married Doctor Jasper Gibbs, of 
Mount Lebanon, Louisiana, a native of Edge- 
field, South Carolina. A few years after their 



marriage they removed to Cotton Gin, Texas, 
and from this place to Mexia, where Doctor 
Gibbs died in August 1877, and where his widow 
still lives. 

Of this union nine children were born, to wit: 
(1) Walter Love, born in Louisiana, and died 
and was buried in Texas at the ag^e of nine 
years; (2) Lucy May, born in Louisiana and 
died and was buried in Texas at the a^e of seven 
years; (o) Hugh Lynn, (4) Harvey Moore, (5) 
Analon, ((5) Wallace Henry, (7) Mary Belle, (8) 
Thomas Sanford and (9) Jasper Kate. 

Hug"h Lynn married Miss Eugenia Rheano, 
of Sealy, Texas. They live in Mexia, Texas, 
and have four children, but the writer does not 
know their names. 

Harvey Moore died and was buried in Texas, 
unmarried. 

Analon married Eugenia Meador of Atlanta, 
Georgia. They live in Mexia, Texas, and have 
two children, Mary Elliot and Eugene Gibbs. 

Mary married at Mexia, Texas, William E. 
Jones of Houston, Texas. They have one child, 
an infant son, and live in Houston. 

W'allace Henry, the fourth son of Dr. Jasper 
Gibbs and his wife, Sarah E. Candler, is grown 
and lives with his mother in Mexia. He is un- 
married. 

Thomas Sanford is unmarried and is in busi- 
ness at Bastrop, Texas. 

Jasper Kate, the youngest child, is with her 
mother at Mexia. 



7. Doctor Patrick H. Candler, the young^est 
child and only surviving son of William L. 
Candler, mentioned above in connection with 
his elder brother. Doctor William Wallace 
Candler, is a prominent physician and planter 
near Lewisville, Arkansas. At an early age he 
graduated from Mount Lebanon University 
with the degree of A. B., and the highest honor 
of his class. Immediately after his graduation 
he enlisted in the ninth regiment of Louisiana 
Infantry, Confederate States Army, and served 
gallantly through the war. After his return 
from the army he studied medicine in New Or- 
leans, graduated with the degree of M. D., and 
began the practice in Louisiana, but soon re- 
moved to Arkansas, and entered into partner- 
ship with his brother, Doctor William W. Cand- 
ler, in the practice of his profession. 

He married at Mount Lebanon, Louisiana, 
Miss Medora B. Holstun, a native of Alabama, 
a member of a family of prominence in both 
Alabama and Georgia. 

The fruits of this marriage were six daughters 
— Dora, Kate, Willie, Idell, Lizzie Beth, and one 
who died in infancy, wdiose name is not known 
to the writer. 

Dora married at Garland, Arkansas, Daniel B. 
Candler, of Dallas, Texas, a son of E. S. Cand- 
ler, of Mississippi. He is a druggist in Dallas. 

Kate, after her graduation, married Samuel 
C. Dinkins, of Gainesville, Georgia, a hardware 
merchant. They live in Gainesville, and have 
two children, Pat Candler and Marie Eugenia. 



Willie married, in 1895, Robert L. Searcy, a 
lawyer, of New Lewisville, Arkansas. They 
have one child, an infant son. 

Idell and Lizzie are still with their parents. 
Idell graduated from the Georg:ia Seminary for 
\ oung; Ladies, at Gainesville, Georgia, in 1895. 

II. Elizabeth Anthony Candler, eldest daugh- 
ter of Daniel and Sarah Candler, was born in 
Columbia county, Georgia, March the third, 
1803. She was twice married; first to Owen H. 
Myrick. a member of an old and influential 
family of middle Georgia, on the 15th of Octo- 
ber, 1820. By this marriage she had five child- 
ren, Martha Missouri, Daniel J.. Sarah Adeline. 
Richard L., and William. 

After the death of Mr. Myrick she married 

the second time, Corley, by \\hom she 

had one child, Nancy C. Corley. 

She died in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, on 
the 20th of December, 1872. She was a woman 
of splendid character, and it was said of her 
when she died by an acquaintance of a lifetime: 

"Her life was grand in womanly virtues. With 
courage, zeal, and undaunted faith she acted 
well her part, whatever duty demanded, and 
through sunshine and shadow displayed a loveli- 
ness of spirit that won for her the esteem and 
love of all who knew her." 

1. Her eldest child, Martha Missouri Myrick, 
married in Louisiana a man named Scroggins. 
They had but one child, a daughter named 
Amanda, who married a Jones of Bienville Par- 
ish, where they now live. They have five 



children, three sons and two daughters. One 
daughter, Laura, is married and has two children, 
and one son, Alfred, is married and has three 
children. 

2. The Reverend Daniel J. Myrick, eldest son 
and second child of Elizabeth, Daniel Candler's 
oldest daughter, has always lived in Georgia, 
the State in which he was born about the year 
1S24. He has been for a half century a member 
of the old Georgia, and after its division, of the 
North Georgia Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South, and is distinguished 
for his ability, conservatism and zeal in the min- 
istry. He has never put off his armor, but still, 
at the age of three score and ten, is in the active 
service of the Master, shunning no duty, how- 
ever arduous, and going wherever the Conference 
sees cause to send him. 

He married Miss Mary Andrew in Liberty 
county, Georgia, about LS4T. She still lives to 
share with him the cares and duties of the itin- 
erant Methodist ministry. 

They have had born to them two children, a 
son and a daughter. The daughter married 
Professor Shoeller, is still living and has several 
children. 

The son. Captain Bascom Myrick, was an 
editor of Americus, Georgia. He was a gradu- 
ate of Emory College, Georgia, was a man of 
marked talent, and was distinguished in his pro- 
fession for his individuality, fearlessness, and the 
force and ability with which he advocated what 
he believed to be rieht, and combatted w^hat he 



thoug^ht was wrong'. He died in Americus, 
Georgia, 'in the summer of 189.'). He left a widow, 
a woman of splendid character in the broadest 
sense of the term, and. a son, Shelby, now a 
student at the University of Georgia, who seems 
to have inherited the talents of his parents. 

3. Sarah Adehne Myrick married, in Louis- 
iana, a Henderson. They went from Louisiana 
to Texas, reared quite a large family there, of 
whom the writer has been able to learn but little. 

T Richard L. Myrick married in Louisiana, 
and died there many years ago. 

5. William Myrick married a Miss Goff in 
Louisiana. He died many years ago leaving 
two sons whose names are not known to the 
writer. 

(3. Of Nancy C. Corley, the daughter by the 
second marriage, the writer knows nothing. 

HI. John Kingston Candler, born in Colum- 
bia county, Georgia, in 180J:, married Caroline 
Smith in Baldwin county, Georgia, in 1820, and 
died in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, in 1895. His 
widow still survives and is ninety-one years old. 

John K. Candler was an unostentatious, un- 
ambitious farmer, a man universally esteemed 
and trusted for his unswerving integrity. He 
was a man of undaunted physical and moral 
courage, and it was written of him "he was one 
of nature's noblemen, and would not barter an 
atom of truth for a kingdom." 

There were born to him eleven children™ 

L Antoinette, who died when young, unmar- 
ried. 



2. Franklin, who married a Miss Ivy in Ala- 
bama. He has five children, two of whom are 
named William and Augustus. The names of 
the others are not known to the writer. 

8. Sallie, who married James Rog^ers of Ala- 
bama. They had eleven children — Georg^ia, Vic- 
toria, John, Mattie, Elizabeth, David, Dosia, 
Lee, James, Mollie, and Jessie. Georgia and 
John are dead. All the others are living. Geor- 
gia died in youth. John lived to be grown and 
married, and when he died he left several chil- 
dren, but the writer does not know how many, 
nor their names. Victoria married Green Wil- 
liams, of Alabama, and had a large family of 
children. All the other children of Sallie Candler 
Rogers are married and have children, but to 
whom they were married and how many children 
each had the writer has been unable to learn. 
He only knows that she had eleven children, 
fifty grandchildren, and five great-grandchil- 
dren — in all sixty lineal descendants. 

4. Emma, who married John Sullivan, by 
w^hom she had twelve children — Alice, Kate, 
Charles, John Wesley, Emma, Samuel, Frank, 
Edward, and four others whose names the writer 
does not know\ 

Alice married Broadard, a Georgian. Most 
of the others lived to be grown and married and 
all those who married had children. The chil- 
dren, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren 
of Emma Candler Sullivan were sixty-two in 
number. 



5. Mary, who married Pierce Holstun, of Ala- 
bama. They had one child, a daughter named 
Caroline, who married a man named Smith, a 
Georg-ian, and has three children, Mary, Julian, 
and Orleana. 

6. Martha, who married Monroe Leatherman, 
of Texas, by whom she has had seven children, 
five of whom are living;, to wit: John K., Cellie, 
Caroline, Daniel and William. She also has 
five grandchildren. 

7. William, who died in the Army of the Con- 
federate States in Savannah, Georgia, in 18(34, 
unmarried. 

8. Louisa, who married a man named Tolley 
in Louisiana. They have four children — Dora, 
Jessie, John, and another whose name is not 
remembered. 

9. Lou Ann, who married John Randol, of 
Missouri. They had eleven children, viz : Wil- 
liam, Caroline, Mary, Eula, Burton, Samuel, 
Lizzie, Joseph, Louis, Thomas and Maggie. Of 
these Thomas, William and Caroline are dead. 

Mary married a man named Crow and has 
one child, Burton L. Crow. Eula married Eu- 
gene Hammett, of Georgia, by whom she has 
two children — Paul and Verna. 

10. Charles, who married twice, and by the 
two marriages he had ten children — Pearl, Mag- 
gie, Daniel Gill, Bertha, Jessie, Luther, Ernest. 
The writer does not know the names of the 
others nor to whom any of them were married. 

11. Louisiana, named for the State in which 
she was born, was the youngest child of John 



K. Candler. She married a man named Beau- 
champ, by whom she had two children, whose 
names the writer does not know. The surviving 
children of John K. Candler are l^>anklin Cand- 
ler, Sallie Rogers, Louisa Tolley, Lou Ann 
Randol, Charles Candler and Louisiana Beau- 
champ. Mrs. Beauchamp li\'es in Texas. All 
the rest in Louisiana. 

The above is a very imperfect account of the 
descendants of John K. Candler, but it is the best 
the writer has been able to obtain. His children, 
grandchildren and great-grandchildren number 
two hundred and fifty, at least. 

IV. Fannie Emily Candler, born in Columbia 
county, Georgia, in 180(). In 1824 she married 
in Baldwin county, Georgia, Wilson Simpson, a 
native of the State of Virginia. In 1848 they 
removed to Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, and, in 
1859, from there to Leon county, Texas, where 
she died and was buried in 1862. 

They had eleven children, five sons and six 
daughters, to wit: ( 1 ) Sarah Louisa,( 2) Andrew 
Jackson, (:i) Ezekiel, (4) Emma Elizabeth, (5) 
Wilson, (6) Erancis, (7) Missouri Antoinette, 
(8) Samuel, (9) Caroline, (10) Jane, and (11) 
Daniel. 

1. Sarah married an Alabamian named Thomp- 
son. She had five children, all of whom are 
dead. 

2. Andrew married Miss Elizabeth Anderson 
in Alabama. They reared twenty-two children, 
not all, however, their own; but those not their 
own were his nephews and nieces, and conse- 



quently the descendants of Daniel Candler. 
Both Andrew Simpson and his wife died on the 
Brazos river in Texas many years a^o, and their 
children are scattered over that distant State. 
One of their sons is a banker in Dallas, Texas. 

3. Ezekiel Simpson died, unmarried, in Bien- 
ville Parish, Louisiana, at an advanced age. 

4. Emma married twice — first to Zachariah 
Patrick, in Alabama. By this marriage she had 
two children, both of whom died in youth. She 
married second a man named Burns, in Louisi- 
ana. By this rnarriag-e she had three children, 
to wit: (1) Sarah, (2) Samuel Andrew, and (3) 
Mattie Banks. 

Sarah married twice — first to a man named 
DuPre, by whom she had one child, Maiid. 
Her second marriage w^as to Reno, in Louisi- 
ana. By this marriage she had four children. 
One is dead, and three sons are living in Bien- 
ville Parish, Louisiana. 

5. Wilson married Miss Frances Langford. 
He had five children, two daughters and three 
sons. He died a soldier in the Army of the Con- 
federate States. Soon afterward his wife died 
in Texas, and their children were among the 
twenty-two reared by Andrew Jackson Simp- 
son, their uncle. 

(5. Frances married Columbus Brice, of Louis- 
iana. She had five children: (1) Lucy, (2) Fan- 
nie, (3) Jodie, (4) James, and (5) John. 

Lucy married a man named Brewer, and has 
five children, three Sons and two daughters. 



Fannie married Daniel, in Louisiana, and had 
four dau§"hters and two sons. 

Jodie married twice, but I do not know the 
name of either husband. She has three hving 
children. 

James married Mattie Buckler, and has one 
daug^hter, yet a little o'irl. 

John married Miss Cann, and has one daugh- 
ter and two sons, all small children. 

7. Missouri Antoinette Simpson married John 
Brice, of Louisiana. They had one daughter 
and eight sons. She named two sons for her 
uncle, John K. Candler. The names of her sons 
were: (I) John, (2) Sidney, (3) Patrick, (4) 
Rush, (.')) John, (0) Columbus, (7) Wilson, and 
(8) Jack. Her only daughter is named Kate. 

The first son, called John, died when small. 

Sidney married Miss Neal Prothro, of Mount 
Lebanon, Louisiana. They have three boys. 

Rush was killed in a railroad accident. 

Patrick married Miss Lelia Pratt, of Louisi- 
ana. They have five children, one son and four 
daughters. 

All the children of Missouri Antoinette Brice 
live in Louisiana. 

cS. Samuel Simpson, the eighth child of Fran- 
ces Candler vSimpson, married in Texas and 
removed to the Indian Territory. They have 
nine living children, four daughters and five 
sons. Two of the daughters are married and 
each has a daughter. 

9. Caroline Simpson married in Texas, but 
the writer does not know to \\'hom. She and 



her husband both died many years ag;o, leaving 
three children, two sons and a daughter, who 
w^ere reared by their uncle, Andrew Jackson 
Simpson. The two sons are married and live 
near Galveston, Texas. 

10. Jane Simpson, the tenth child, married a 
large stock-raiser in Texas. She and her hus- 
band are long since dead. They left five child- 
ren, who were reared by their uncle, Andrew 
Jackson Simpson, whom it seems Providence 
ordained to rear the orphan children of his 
brothers and sisters. 

11. Daniel Simpson, the eleventh child, died 
in Texas, unmarried, at the age of twenty-one 
years. 

V. The Honorable Samuel Charles Candler, 
born in Columbia county, Georgia, on the 6th 
day of December, 1809, and married to Martha 
B. Beall, daughter of Noble P. Beall. Esquire, 
and his wife, Justiana Hooper Beall. of Chero- 
kee county, Georgia, and niece of General 
William Beall, for a long time prominent in the 
history of western Georgia, on the 8th of De- 
cember, 1838. He was a man of much energy 
and enterprise and always took a lively interest 
in public matters. He served repeatedly in both 
branches of the legislature of his State, first in 
1833 from Cherokee county, and often, later on, 
from Carroll, in which county he spent most of 
his life, and in which he died on the 13th of 
November, 1873. His widow is still living in 
Atlanta. Georgia. 

He left eleven children — 



J. The Honorable Milton Anthony Candler, 
born in Campbell county, Georgia, on the 11th 
of January, 1837, a lawyer of Decatur, Georg^ia, 
g-raduated at the University of Georgia in 1855, 
married, in 1857, Eliza C, daughter of the Hon- 
orable Charles Murphy, who was a member of 
Congress from Georgia. 

He has often represented his county in the 
State House of Representatives, his Senatorial 
district in the State Senate, and in two constitu- 
tional conventions, was a Captain in the Army 
of the Confederate States, and subsequently, 
for four years, a Representative in the Con- 
gress of the United States from the Atlanta 
district. He and his wife have had born to them: 

(1) The Honorable Charles Murphy Cand- 
ler, graduated from the University of Georgia, 
studied law and was admitted to the bar; 
married, in 1882, Mary, daughter of Colonel 
George M. Scott, of Decatur, Georgia, distin- 
guished as a successful and enterprising business 
man, Christian gentleman and philanthropist. 
Charles M. Candler has represented his county 
in the State legislature with marked ability. He 
has four children— Laura Eliza, George Scott, 
Rebekah and Milton A. 

(2) Samuel Charles graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Georgia; married Janie J. Porter, 
daughter of the Reverend S. J. Porter, in 18815. 
They live in Los Angeles, California, and have 
one child, Helen Porter. 

(3) Milton A., Junior, graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Georgia; married Nellie, daughter of 



Colonel George W. Scott, of Decatur, Georgia; 
he died in 1893, leaving- two daughters, small 
children, Eliza Murphy and Nellie Scott. (4) 
Laura Eliza, graduated from Lucy Cobb Insti- 
tute, Athens, Georgia, in 1880, and died in a few 
weeks after her graduation. (5) Elorence, mar- 
ried Clifford A. Cowles in 1887, and lives in 
Decatur. Georgia; their children are Mary Lee, 
Clifford S., Junior, Elorence, and Jane. (6) 
Maury Lee, died a student in Emory College, 
Georgia, in 1889. (7 ) Claude, with her parents in 
Decatur, Georgia, unmarried. (8) Ruth, with 
her parents in Decatur, Georgia, unmarried. (9 ) 
Warren Word, died in infancy, in 1889. 

3. Ezekiel Slaughter Candler, born in Carroll 
county, Georgia in 1838; graduated from the 
Cherokee Baptist College, Cassville, Georgia, 
about 1858; studied law, was admitted to the bar; 
has always practiced his profession; married in 
1860, Miss Julia Bevill, of Hamilton county, 
Florida; he has for many years lived in luka, 
Mississippi. He has three children; the Hon- 
orable Ezekiel. S. Candler, Jr., a lawyer of 
Corinth, Mississippi, born in Florida in 1862; 
graduated from the Law School of the Univer- 
sity of Mississippi; married in 1883 to Miss 
Nancy Hazlewood of Alabama. They have 
three children, daughters, Julia, Susie and Lucy. 

The second child of Ezekiel Slaughter Candler 
and his wife, Julia Bevill Candler, is Daniel B. 
Candler, born in 1868, married in 1895 to Miss 
Dora Candler, eldest daughter of Doctor Pat- 
rick H. Candler of Arkansas, and the third is 



Milton A. Candler, Jr.. now a student at Emory 
Colleg-e, Georgia. 

8. Florence Julia, born about 1842, married 
Col. J. \V. Harris of Bartow county, Georg-ia, 
about 1860. They live in Cartersville, (}eorg-ia, 
and have no children. 

4. Noble Daniel, who was an invalid from 
early childhood, and died in 1887, at the ag^e of 
forty-six years, a man in stature but a child in 
intellect, his unfortunate condition being- the 
result of a disease of the brain which developed 
when he was only four years old. 

5. Sarah Justiana, born in 184.3, married 
Joseph J. W^illard in ]871, who died in 1884, leav- 
ing her a widow with five children; (1) Samuel 
L., born in 1874; (2) Jessie, born in 1876; (3) 
Joseph G., born in 1878; (4) Florence, born in 
1881, and (.'>) Mary, born in 1883. 

(j. William Beall Candler, born in 1847, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Slaughter, daughter of Dr. J. T. 
Slaug-hter of Carroll county, Georg-ia, who was 
a Colonel in the Army of the Confederate States, 
in January, 1871. He is a merchant at Villa 
Rica, Georgia, and has children — Martha Eu- 
genia, born in December, 1871; Florence, who 
married S. O. Fielder in 1894, and has one child, 
Nellie, born in 1895; Elizabeth, born in 1875; 
and William Beall, Jr., born in 1878. 

7. Elizabeth Frances, born in 1849. married 
Henry H. Dobbs, Esq., in 18()7. They have two 
children, Samuel Candler Dobbs, born in 1868 
and married to Ruth Mixon, daug:hter of the 
Rev. J. F. Mixon. D. D., in 1892, they have 



two children, Henry F., born in 1893, and Annie 
Ruth, born in 1895. 

8. Asa Griggs Candler, a drug-gist in Atlanta, 
Georgia, born in 1851, married Lucy Elizabeth, 
daughter of Dr. George J. Howard of Aug-usta, 
Georgia, in 1878. They have four sons and one 
daughter, (1) Charles Howard Candler, born in 
1879; (2) Asa Griggs Candler, Jr., born in 1880; 
(3) Lucy Beall Candler, born in 1882; (4) Walter 
Turner Candler, born in 1885; and (5) William 
Beall Candler, born in 1890. 

9. Samuel Charles, born in 1855, married Miss 
Jamie Bevill of Florida in 1876. He is a mer- 
chant at Villa Rica. Georgia, and has six children 
living and four dead. The living are Jessie, born 
in 1877; Samuel C. Jr.. born in 1879; Lizzie, born 
in 1880; Lucy Beall, born in 1882; Maggie, born 
in 1887, and Warren Asa, born in 1895. 

10. The Rev. Warren Akin Candler, D. D.. of 
Oxford, Georgia, born in 1857, President of Emory 
College, of which his second cousin, the Rev. 
Ignatius A. Few, LL. D., was the first President 
nearly sixty years ago. Warren A. Candler was 
in the itinerant ministry of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, South, at eighteen years of age, 
and was a doctor of divinity at thirty-two. He 
married, in November, 1877, Miss Antoinette 
Curtwright, daughter of Captain John T. Curt- 
wright, of Troup county, Georgia, a gallant Con- 
federate officer who fell in the bloody battle at 
Perryville, Kentucky, in November, 1862. They 
have three living children: (1) Annie Florence, 
born in 1878; (2) John C, born in 1883. and (3) 



Samuel Charles, born in 1895. Two children 
have died in infancy. 

11. The Honorable John Slaughter Candler, 
born in 18(31, graduated from Emory College, 
Oxford, Georgia, in ISft; married Miss Mar- 
guerite Louise Garnier, daughter of Colonel 
Isidore V. Garnier, of Florida, in 1881. He is 
Colonel of the Fifth regiment of Georgia infan 
try and judge of the Stone Mountain Circuit, 
Superior Court of the State of Georgia. He 
lives in Atlanta, Georgia. He has two children: 
(1) Asa Warren, born in 1885, and (2) Allie 
Garnier, born in 1893. 

VI. Captain Daniel Gill Candler, born in Co- 
lumbia county, Ga., February 22d, 1812, married 
to Nancy Caroline, eldest child of Allen Mat- 
thews, Esq., a distinguished lawyer of the west- 
ern circuit of Georgia, on the 8th of October, 1833. 

Captain Candler was a lawyer and at one time 
a Judge. He served in two Indian wars in the 
Army of the United States, and was Captain of 
the first company in the Second regiment that 
entered the Army of the Confederate States from 
Georgia. 

He died in Gainesville, Ga., of which city he 
had been Mayor three terms, on the 17th day of 
October, 1887, and was buried in Alta Vista cem- 
etery in that city. 

The remains of his wife, who preceded him to 
the grave about twenty years, were removed 
from Homer, Banks county, Ga., where they 
were first interred, and buried in the same grave 
with his. 



A marble obelisk marks the spot where each 
reposes. On his is inscribed: — 

"An ardent patriot; 
A gallant soldier; 
A just judge; 
An honest man." 

And on hers: — ■ 

"A devoted wife and mother; 
An obliging neighbor, and 
An humble Christian." 

They had twelve children: 

1. The Honorable Allen Daniel Candler, of 
Gainesville, Ga., born November 4th, 1834, grad- 
uated from Mercer University in 1859; a Colonel 
in the Army of the Confederate States; for five 
years a representative in the leg-islature of Geor- 
g"ia; for two years a senator in the legislature of 
the same State; for eight years a representative 
n the Congress of the United States, and sub- 
sequently Secretary of State of the State of Geor- 
gia. He married, on the 12th of January, 1864, 
Eugenia, daughter of Thomas J. Williams, Esq., 
an extensive planter of Jones county, Ga. 

They have had children: 

(1) Eugenia Frances, born July 9th, 1865, ed- 
ucated at the Convent of the 'Visitation, George- 
town, D. C; married, in 1889, D. L. Wardroper of 
Kentucky. They have no children. 

(2) Florence Victoria, born in 1867, married 
William K. Ashford, a native of Alabama, now 
of Gainesville, Ga., in 1882. They have six chil- 
dren: Ethel, Candler, George, Howard, James, 
and Daniel. 

(3) Marcus Allen, born in 18(j9, graduated at 
Emory College, Georgia, married in 1891 to 



Loulie Hardwick, daughter of Dr. Homer V. 
Hardwick of Newton county, Ga. They have 
one child, a dau.s^hter, Marie, born in 1894. 

(4) Thomas Cloud, born in 1870, educated in 
Gainesville, Ga., and Washington City, D. C, a 
bank clerk in Gainesville, Ga. 

(5) Hortense Alice, born in 1872, educated at 
the Convent of Notre Dame, Baltimore, Md., 
married to Frank K. Bunkley, a merchant and 
planter of Bullock county, Ala., in which they 
live. They have four living- children, Gordon, 
Montine, Allen, and Frank; another, Eugenie, 
died in infancy. 

(6) William Daniel, born in 1874, g-raduated at 
Gordon Institute, Georgia, in 1893, an insurance 
clerk in Atlanta, Ga. 

(7) Kate Edna, born in 187(3, and died in 1881. 

(8) John Charles, born in 1878. 

(9) Victor Eug-ene, born in 1880. 

(10) Margaret Annie, born in 1887. 

(11) Benjamin Carlton Lee, born in 1889. 
The last four named are still with their parents 

in Gainesville, Ga. 

(2) Margaret Elton, born in 183G, graduated at 
the Southern Masonic Female College, married 
Colonel Lawson Fields of Gordon county, Ga., 
who died in 1873, leaving one child. Pearl, who 
married Emory C. Pharr of Gainesville, Ga., 
in 1895. 

( 3 ) Sarah Slaughter, born in 1836, graduated at 
the Southern Masonic Female College, resides 
with her twin sister, Mrs. Fields, in Gainesville, 
Ga. She was installed as teacher of Mathe- 

118 



matics in the colleg-e at which she graduated a 
few days after she g"ot her degree, and has de- 
voted her hfe to teaching, for which she early 
showed a special aptitude. She has been con- 
nected, almost all her life, with some of the best 
institutions of learning- in the State. 
She never married. 

4. Elizabeth Antonia, born in 1839, married 
M. C. Little of Banks county, Georgia, and died 
in 1.S73, leaving five children — Oscar, James, 
Edgar, Sallie and Junius. Another, Allen, died 
before she did. Edgar and Sallie have since 
died. The others are living in Arkansas. 

5. Florida Caledonia, born in 1841, and died 
in 1842. 

(5. William Blackstone, born in 1843, and died 
in 1852. 

7. Francis Mary, born in 1845, and died in 1852. 

8. Nancy Caroline, born May 29th, 1847, and 
married to John A. Fields of Gordon county, 
Ga., May 12th, 1872. She has nine children, 
Fannie, Gertrude, Helen, Virginia Candler, Law- 
son A., Jasper B., Esther, Lucille, John and 
Alline. 

9. A son born and died May 16th, 1850, not 
named. 

10. Junius Perry, born July 2d, 1852, and died 
at Griffin, Ga., where he was at school, August 
7th, LS70. He was a youth of much promise. 

11. Virginia Florence, born September 9th, 
1854, married Artemus C. Randell of Cobb 
county, Ga., in 1883, and died at Ardmore, Indian 
Territory, in the summer of 1895, leaving four 



children, Daniel Candler, Ignatius Hope, James 
Coleman and Choice. Mr. Randell is a lawyer. 

12. Ignatius Leonidas, born July 2(3th, 1857, 
graduated from the University of Georgia in 
1879; studied law and was admitted to the bar; 
married in 1886 Myrtle Long. They live in 
Dallas, Texas, and have two children, Carrie 
and Sallie. 

VII. The Honorable Ezekiel Slaughter Cand- 
ler, born in Columbia county, Ga., on the 5th of 
August, 1815; married Jane Williams of Ten- 
nessee, on the 19th of August, 1839, in Coweta 
county, Ga., and died in the city of Atlanta, on 
the 12th of January, 1869. He was sheriff of 
Carroll county, Ga., when quite a young man, 
subsequently represented the same county in the 
State Legislature, and, in 1851, was elected 
Comptroller-General of Georgia, and held that 
office three terms. He left living seven children, 
to wit: 

1. Sarah Margaret, born in 1840, married the 
Honorable Carlton J. Wellborn, now Judge of 
the Northeastern Judicial Circuit of Georgia. 
They have had four children; Johnson P., born 
in 1865, in Milledgeville, Ga., married Miss 
Helen Axley of Murphy. N. C, in 1889, and died 
in 189J: without issue. 

The second child of Carlton J. and Sarah M. 
Wellborn was Carlton J. Jr., born in 1867, married 
Lulie Griffis in 1891, is a lawyer in Atlanta, Ga., 
and has three sons, William J., Charles Griffis 
and Johnson Powell. 

The third was Ezekiel S. Candler, Jr., born 



in July, ] 872, a dentist of Atlanta, Ga. He is 
unmarried. 

The fourth was Louise A., born in 1875, mar- 
ried in 1895 to Robert P. Jones of Burke county, 
Georgia. He is a lawyer and now lives in At- 
lanta, Georgia. 

2. Martha, born in 1812, married in 18()0 to 
William E. Quillian, of Milledgeville, Ga., a 
member of a numerous family of that name in 
North Georgia, many of whom have been prom- 
inent in politics and many others in the ministry 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 

They have three children: (1) Charles M., 
born in 1861. He is married and has one child, 
Thomas M. (2) Mary Virginia, married and 
has one child, Nellie Lou, and (3) William C. 
born in 1867, married and lives in Macon, Ga. 

3. Louisiana, born in 1811. married in 1865, to 
Robert J. McCamy of Milledgeville, Ga., now a 
leading lawyer of Dalton, Ga. They have six 
children; (1) Julien, graduated from Emory 
College in 1889, a rising young lawyer of Dalton, 
Ga.;(2)Mary; (3) Fannie; (1) Nellie; (5) Carl- 
ton; and (6) Thomas S. 

4. Missouri, born in 1814, married young, J. 
Garrett, in Milledgeville in 1865. Her husband, 
then a merchant in Atlanta, Ga., died in February, 
1890, leaving her a widow with two young daugh- 
ters; (1) Willie Candler, who has since married 
Forest M. Catlett, a merchant of Atlanta, Ga., 
and has one child, a daughter, Delia Belle; and 
(2) Nellie F., who married W. R. Ware, also a 
merchant in Atlanta, and has four children. 



Helen; W. R. Jr; Garrett and Gladys. Mrs. 
Garrett and Mrs. McCamy were twins, born 
in 1844. 

5. Georgia, born in Carroll county, Ga., in 184(5. 
She has been thrice married; first to Dr. Barn- 
well of Milledgeville, Ga., secondly to Charles 
Cowart, a lawyer of Atlanta, Ga., a son of Col- 
onel Robert J. Cowart, a prominent lawyer and 
politician of Northwest Georgia, and third to Dr. 
James D. Graham of Dalton, Ga., where she 
and Dr. Graham now live. She has no children. 

(). The Honorable William E. Candler, born 
in 185"), studied law, was admitted to the bar, 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Thomas 
J. Haralson of Union county, Ga. They have 
had nine children, six of whom, Jane; Alwayne; 
William E.; Thomas; Laura and Jennie, are 
living. Nellie, Haralson and John are dead. 

7. Mary E., born in 1853 and died in 1855. 

8, Nellie, born in 1848, married Dr. T. D. Lon- 
gino, of Campbell county, Ga., in 187.') and died 
in 1878, leaving one child, a son, Thomas Cand- 
ler Longino, now a physician in Atlanta, Ga. 

The foregoing are the lineal descendants of 
Colonel William Candler, of Richmond county, 
Ga., and his wife, Elizabeth Anthony. All who 
bear the name south of the Alleghanies, between 
the Savannah and the Rio Grande, are their 
descendants, and are sprung from his two young- 
est sons, Mark and Daniel. None of his other 
sons left issue except Henry, and his line became 
extinct in the second generation after him. The 
descendants of his three daughters who reached 



maturity and married, to wit; Mary, Falby and 
Elizabeth, are more numerous and are scattered 
all over the South; but the writer has been able 
to locate but few of them. 

The rapidity with which population increases 
is illustrated in this family. A hundred and 
thirty-five years ago, William Candler and 
Elizabeth Anthony were married. Since that 
time five g'enerations of their descendants have 
been born, numbering- in the aggregate, living 
and dead, not less than three thousand souls. 



APPENDIX. 

There are several other famihes of Candlers 
in the United States, all sprung from the same 
Saxon origin, and all from England, but none 
of them came to America prior to the Revolu- 
tionary War, except the one in North Carolina. 
This family traces its lineage back to Zachariah 
Candler, the father of George W. Candler of 
Buncombe county, now deceased, and the grand- 
father of W. G. Candler, a lawyer of the same 
county, to whose courtesy I am indebted for 
this information concerning the family. 

Zachariah Candler had a brother living in 
Wilson county, Tenn., in 1839. If he had other 
brothers, his descendants now living do not 
know it. This brother was named John, and it 
is probable that he left no issue, as none of the 
name are now to be found in Tennessee. 

Though the North Carolina Candlers do not 
know whence Zachariah came, nor who was his 
father, it is entirely probable that his parents 
were in America before the War of the Revolu- 
tion, for he appears in the first generation after 
the war, and we hear nothing of his having been 
born abroad; but the tradition in his family is 
that he appeared in the wilds of western North 
Carolina, a land surveyor and a land speculator, 
about the beginning of the present century. The 
generation in which he lived was the first that 
grew up after the close of the war. His father 



must, therefore, have belong:ed to the generation 
which fought the battles of the Revolution— the 
same generation to which Colonel William 
Candler of Georgia belonged. We know that 
the latter came from central North Carolina to 
Georgia, and that he had one brother whose 
name we do not know. Is it not probable, under 
all the circumstances, that when William Candler 
came to Georgia, his brother went to western 
North Carolina, and that that brother was the 
father of Zachariah Candler, and his brother, 
John Candler, of Wilson county, Tennessee ? 

There are also Candlers in Virginia and 
Maryland. Of the Virginia family I have been 
able to learn but little, never having met any of 
them. They have been in the southwestern 
part of the State for a long time. 

The head of the Maryland family, as far as its 
members can trace their history, was John 
Candler, who was a merchant in the western 
part of the State, and amassed quite a fortune. 
This family were slaveholders, and were, prior 
to and during the excitement which gave rise to 
the war between the States, intensely Southern 
in feeling, except one, William M., who now 
lives in Washington City. He was a soldier in 
the Federal army during that war, and lost a leg 
in battle. These two families, the Virginia and 
the Maryland Candlers, like the North Carolina 
branch, do not trace their lines back of the Revo- 
lution, and do not know whether they sprung 
from the English or the Irish branch. But there 
is no doubt that they were here prior to that war, 



and it is probable that they are descended from 
the same ancestor from whom the North Caro- 
hna family sprung". If so, then all of the name 
in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina and 
Georgia are the descendants of Lieutenant- 
Colonel William Candler, of Callan Castle, 
Ireland. This, the writer has no doubt, would 
be found to be true could the facts of their origin 
be ascertained. 

All the other Candlers, of whom there are 
quite a number of families in the United States, 
are descended from the English, and not from 
the Irish stock, as will appear. 

In Massachusetts there were, a few years ago, 
two brothers, William H. Candler and John W. 
Candler. The former was a Captain on the 
staff of General Hooker of the Federal army, in 
the w^ar between the States, and distinguished 
himself on more than one battle-field. He died 
in 1893. The latter, the Honorable John W. 
Candler, was for two terms a member of Con- 
gress from Massachusetts. He still lives in the 
city of Boston. Their progenitor was Samuel 
Candler, an importing merchant, who came to this 
country from Colchester. England, about the be- 
ginning of the present century. 

There are also two brothers in New York 
City, Edward Stuart Candler and Flamen Ball 
Candler, the one a broker and the other a law- 
yer. The same man — Samuel Candler was their 
grandfather, and they are, therefore, cousins to 
the two Boston brothers. Their father was 
Samuel Marsden Candler, and their mother 



Elizabeth Cecilia Ball, daug-hter of Flamen Ball, 
an eminent New York lawyer, and a relative of 
Mary Ball, the mother of Washington. 

Near Charleston, South Carolina, lived and 
died Edward Candler, a cousin of the New York 
and Boston brothers. He must have died with- 
out issue, as none of his descendants can now 
be found. 

In Illinois, lives Cant Candler and his descend- 
ants, except two sons; T. B. Candler, a grain 
merchant in Philadelphia, and another, who is a 
sea captain. His name. Cant, betrays his Saxon 
origin. 

John Candler and his descendants live in Saint 
Louis, Missouri. He came to the United States 
from Downham. Norfolk county, England, in 
1850. One of his granddaughters. Miss Lillian 
Candler, is a teacher in the public schools of the 
city of Saint Louis. 

There also lives in the city of Detroit, Mich- 
igan, three brothers, the eldest of whom is 
William H. Candler. They are engaged in the 
shipping trade on the great lakes, and came 
from England, but I am not advised from what 
county, in 1850. 

There is also a family of the name in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. Their earliest progenitor, of whom 
they have any account, was born in Berlin, Prus- 
sia. His christian name is not now known. He 
left two sons, Carl Erederick, born in 1775; and 
Christian Frederick, born in 1779. These two 
brothers settled in Hamburg, Germany, where 
they married, lived and died. Carl Erederick 



had one son, Ferdinand, who died in Hamburg-, 
leaving- two sons, Carl and Theodore, both of 
whom are now living- in Hamburg. 

Christian Frederick, the younger of the two 
brothers, had only one son, Conrad Ferdinand, 
born in 1813, in Hamburg. He came to the 
United States in 1845, and settled in Cincinnati 
in 1848, where he married and still lives. He 
has three children, two sons and a daughter, all 
of whom live in Cincinnati. One of his sons is 
named Charles H. Candler. 

This is doubtless an offshoot of the English 
branch of the family planted in Prussia by some 
wanderer, as the name was planted in Russia by 
Sir Thomas. The name is not Cerman, but the 
same Saxon Kaendler — Anglicised. 

In England the family is still numerous. All 
of them are in the eastern counties, and most 
of them are still in the counties of Norfolk and 
Suffolk; but branches are found in York, Mid- 
dlesex, Lincoln and Essex. 

The Chief Inspector of the Metropolitan 
Police of the city of London is Stephen Candler. 

A characteristic of the family, wherever found, 
is, and has been for many generations, a fond- 
ness for learning. All have been patrons of 
educations and supporters of schools. Most of 
the earliest members of the family, of whom 
we have any account, were clerg-ymen; but some 
were soldiers and others "gentlemen." All of 
them, of whom we find any account in the 
records, no matter of what calling, were educated 
men and were distinguished by some literary 



title. This is true as well of those in Ireland as 
of the English branches of the family. The 
same characteristic also distinguishes the Amer- 
ican branch. Colonel William Candler, of the 
War of the Revolution, was a man of literary 
tastes, and the friend and patron of schools. 
The first brick house ever erected in Augusta, 
Ga., was built by him, and was a schoolhouse. 

He was a member of the first legislature that 
assembled in Georgia after the close of the war 
for independence. That legislature provided by 
law for the establishment and endowment of the 
State University, and laid the foundation for a 
broad system of popular education, and he was 
an ardent supporter of both these measures. 
From that day to this his descendants have been 
the friends and patrons of learning, and the ad- 
vocates of the education of the people. 

In the old countries there are many evidences 
of this characteristic of the family. Church re- 
cords, college records, and inscriptions on old 
monuments and memorial tablets all attest it. 

On a marble tablet in the north transept of the 
Cathedral of Saint Canice, inthe city of Kilkenny, 
Ireland, may still be seen "a list of benefactors 
for adorning the Cathedral of Saint Canice, 
175(3." The following are some of the names, 
and the amounts contributed by each. The 
Candlers named, it will be observed, had literary 
titles: 



Dr. Pocock, Bishop of Ossory, 100 Guineas. 
Dr. Sandford, ------ 15 

Dr. Dawson, ------ 15 

H. Candler, A. M., - - - - 10 

R. Connell, LL.B., - - - - 3 

Earl of Ossory, ----- 20 

Earl of Wadesford, - - - 20 
T. Candler, A. B., - - - - 10 

Lord Viscount Charlemont. - 14 
Sir William Evans Morres, Bt., 10 
Lord Viscount Ashbrook, - 20 
and a number of others. 

The catalogues of the alumni of the English 
and Irish universities and colleges, to which I 
have had access, though imperfect and fragment- 
ary, show the names of quite a number of Cand- 
lers who have graduated from these institutions 
with the regular literary degrees of A. B. and 
A. M., and a number of others who had con- 
ferred upon them the honorary titles of D. D., 
and LL. D. 

For the first hundred years the name appears 
in these college records, and in the records of 
churches, and on monuments, spelt Candeler, 
but for the last three hundred it is written Cand- 
ler. The change seems to have been made about 
the end of the sixteenth century. 

From 1505 to 1525 the Reverend Robert Cand- 
eler was rector of West Herling in Norfolk 
county, England, and from 1532 to 1511 the Rev- 
erend Thomas Candeler was rector of Welborn, 
in the same county. In 1508 the name of Rich- 
ard Candeler, Esquire, appears in the " Visitation 



of London;" and in 1G02, as is inscribed on his 
monument in Middlesex count^^ not far from 
London, died and was buried Richard Candeler, 
Esquire. This is the last time the name appears in 
that form. Always afterward it is spelt Candler. 

I have been able to examine only a mutilated 
and imperfect catalogue of the alumni of the 
L'niversity of Cambridge, but from its pages I 
learn that there graduated from that institution 
with the degree of A. B., Phil. Candler in 1(384 — 
A. AL, in 1(588. 

Isaac Candler in 1(587. 

John Candler in 1(589— A. AL, in 1(593. 

Phil. Candler in 1725— A. AL, in 1730, and 

Phil. Candler in 1762. 

The last Candler who graduated from a Brit- 
ish University, was the Reverend Eugene Tem- 
ple Ebenezer Candler, A. B., from Oxford, in 
1885. 

While a few of the descendants of Lieutenant- 
Colonel William Candler, of Callan Castle, 
Kilkenny, are still in Ireland, most of them live 
in England, as do most of the owners of the land 
in Ireland. This is due, at least partly, to the 
fact that many of them, in addition to their Irish 
estates, have inherited also other estates in Eng- 
land, from relatives who never went to Ireland. 
Thus Captain William Candler of Acomb, York 
was the son of Archdeacon Candler, and the 
grandson of Thomas Candler of Callan Castle, 
and the great-grandson of Lieutenant-Colonel, 
William Candler, the founder of the Irish branch 
of the family, and was born in Ireland, but he 



inherited landed estates in York and lived and 
died on them. 

Others, as is often the case in England, with 
the estates of relatives of another name, took 
also their names. Thus Edward Candler, of 
Prior Park and Comb Hill, Somerset, England, 
and Aghamure, County Kilkenny, Ireland, "suc- 
ceeded to considerable estates in the counties of 
Norfolk and Lincoln, under the will of his rela- 
tive Margaret, widow of Sir Robert Brown, and 
daughter of the Honorable Robert Cecil, second 
son of James, Earl of Salisbury, and with them 
took the name of Brown in addition to and after 
the name of Candler," and thus became Edward 
Candler-Brown. 

Again, in 183(3, Edward Candler of Callan 
Castle, married the Baroness Sempill, of Scot- 
land, and by royal license, assumed the name of 
Sempill only, and his heir, now the Lord of 
Callan, is known as Edward Sempill, and not 
Edward Candler, and the Barony of Callan, 
after having been held by a Candler for 
about two hundred and fifty years, is now the 
property of a Sempill, because its Lord aban- 
doned his family name at marriage, and assumed 
by license of the Crown, that of his wife, a 
Scottish peeress. 

Distasteful as such a custom is to us in re- 
publican America, it not unfrequently occurs in 
England, that the husband of a woman of super- 
ior rank abandons his own name and takes, at 
marriage, that of his wife, thus losing his own, 
and transmitting hers to their children. 



9912 



WILLIAM CANDLER, OF CALLAN CAS 



Maj 



7. John K. Candler, 
Never married. 



Amelia Candler. 



9. Joseph 



Left children. 



3. Wm. Henry Cand;= Mary Ryan. 4. Ji 
ler. I 

Mrs. Norman of Ala- 



William L. Cand-= Martha Moore. 

I 



Dr. Patrick H. Cand- 
ler, of Arkansas. 

Mrs. Dr. Gibbs, of 
Texas. 



THE DESCENDANTS OI'" LIl'lITI^N/XN T-C'OI.ON i: L Wll.l.IAM CANDLER OF C/ 



daugllter^l. TlintiiiiN (iuulli'i -il -'i"'"- 'I;" 



I i;ii \VilN;.i.i(ii.iil--Soooiiil. Mary, (laugli- 3- J*?""? Candjer.^Name lost. 

1 ■ l" ., ..1 c;u«.T torofdiarleBRyvo., of Dublin. Esmiir..| „ , 

Blnrdinor Couiitv KBfl 1- ■'o'"' Candler, of 

'niKcnny, . llcl liof . '[ ^ Setfwfthont isTe'''' 

I 2. EdwanT mantel . ' 

I ..'..- .,.-"'■— "IVTir "LdwS;,fir='; C Mary Candlor. =Iena«js Few. ,«aM 2.^_Henr^__ ^Ca„«erM,s, Oliver. 3." Fal.y Candler. .,. jvlnla,,,^^ Candler^ 5. ^charle.;^^ Candler, 0. K.tal,e,„c ,„.r. _ Hl.lver., ,, ,,,,,n K c.ndl.r, ». Amelia C^mll„r.: 

eenlWr.liOl. S, i,"'"!?;;,,. i,, ,™,V ■ . , Army. Left oliil.lren. l,,.ll i^iilldren. ' lettchildi 

i »t. lii.iiiMu;o iiinuo. lEnatliis A. Few,! Snlina A. Carr. John R. Candler, died . 



^K^ 


'suraliLetolrai.od.. 2.^^^ Willi.... 




71)0. 


pe d " 






1 j' 



LIEUTEXANT-COLONUI. WII.IJAM CANDl.IiR, ()!■ CALI.AN CASTLE, IRELAND. 



CanOler.^Ellzabeth Antbony. 



in North Caro- 









Flrst wife, MissYoung.^ 



John Candler, died 2. Louisa Candler. 



Martha Muore. 






Fraie3E,Candler.=Wlf8on Simpson. 
Andrew J. Simpson, of 



DiihlolO. Ciindlor.-^Nanoy 



, \ 



9912" 



I 



iilii