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HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




FROM THE FUND OP 

CHARLES MINOT 

CLASS OP i&e 




/ 



THE 



Colonial and State Political History 
of Hertford County^ N. C. 



BY BENJ. B. WiNE^C "sF. 

M URTRE ESeORO. N C" 



I'lnii nun sh*- t vf-r ^tuml 
'Uirouirli ^tonu an-i nii-iit: 
When thf \mI*1 l^r-uift^isl^ »\t\t' 
Killer af wuMi ami "Aavt-, 
!)(.> thou ourco!inti\ s'jv** 
By thy great m'mht:"' 



A. D. 1906. 



lUI^M.I' ion THK M TlKli: I'.V KKWARIW"! A TlKoruill ^ 



THE 



Colonial and State Political History 
of Hertford County^ N. C. 



f BY Benj. B. Winborne. 

MURFREESBORO. N. C. 

AUTHOR OF "THC WINBORNE FAMILY," AND "THE HISTORICAL BRIEF OF 

POLITICAL. Economy." 



" God bless our native land ! 
Firm may she ever stand 
Through storm and night ; 
When the wild tempests rave, 
Ruler of wind and wave, 
Do thou our country save 
By thy great might!" 



A. D. 1906. 



PRINTED FOB THE AUTHOR BV EDWARDS A BROUGHTON. 



U-A \ '-1K '^ € ^ X ^"^ 



,/ 



HARVARD COLLGQE LIBRARY 
MWOT FUND 



A I 



DEDICATION. 

/ DEDICATE THIS BOOK TO THE MEMORY OF THE 
DEPARTED WORTHIES OF HERTFORD COUNTY, AND THE 
DESCENDANTS OF THOSE NOBLE PEOPLE. 

BENJ. BRODIE WINBORNE. 

May, 1906. 



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INTRODUCTION, 

Hertford County is rich in the character of her families, 
and in the acts and deeds of her sons, in war and in peace, 
but poor in her records. 

On the night of August 22, 1830, the entire records of the 
county were destroyed by fire. One Wright Allen was in- 
dicted in our Superior Court for forging the name of Tim- 
othy Kidley, of Maney's ITeck, and thinking' that the note 
was in the eourt-^house, and that by burning the same he 
could destroy the evidence of his guilt, he touched the torch 
to the building, and quickly the court-house and all the 
records of the county, from its foundation, were consumed 
by the flames. The records of seventy years of the county's 
history were within a few hours blotted from human eyes. 
Again on February 20, 1862, the records of this splendid 
county, together with the court-house, were ruthlessly burned 
by the Union soldiers during the cruel war between the 
American States. The date of this fire is hard to deter- 
mine. I find reliable authorities fixing it February 20, 
March 20, and May 20. It is, however, immaterial. The 
will books since 1830, and a few of the old record books of 
the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, which happened to 
be in Murfreesboro, where the Clerk resided, were saved. 
Hence appears the reason why I have undertaken the Hercu- 
lean task of trying to reproduce some of the past history of 
the county. I have been practicing law in the county since 
1875, and I have so often felt the dire need for these lost 
records. 

I beg that my imperfect history may be read with sym- 
pathy for its author. Much of my information I secured 



6 Introductioi?. 

from old deeds among my father's papers. His deeds carry 
me back to 1812, and one as far back as 1762, and gives the 
name of the first Clerk of the County Court. The deeds 
and old wills and copies of records of other families, which 
have been kindly furnished me, have enabled me, with the 
old Colonial and State Records of ]N"orth Carolina, to bring 
together this imperfect history of a noble people. 

BeXJ. B. WiNBORlsrE. 

May, A. D. 1906. 



The Colonial and State Political llistory 
of llertforcl Qouvfy, N. C. 



PUBLIC PRIDE. 

For centuries and ages, nations and sub-divisions of na- 
tions, and governments, have honored their heroic and noble 
dead. Monuments, statues, histories, and other records 
have been resorted to as far back as recorded time to com- 
memorate and perpetuate the deeds, the acts, the successes 
and the mistakes of prominent and leading characters. Not 
only that those in the future may live and profit by the noble 
deeds of the past, and shun the ignoble deeds and mistakes 
of a preceding generation, but to gratify and perpetuate their 
pride of their great dead. 

We have been unable to find in recorded history of the 
civilized world any nation, any government, any state, any 
county, or any political division of a territory, that was not 
proud of its noble men and women; and in some way were 
willing to hand down to future generations the history of the 
proud deeds of its subjects and its sublime characters. 

Such is the history of religion, of the science of govern- 
ments, of literature, of philosophy, of the science of war, 
and everything else. What we know and enjoy to-day is due 
to our knowledge of the past Our Christianity, our civili- 
zation is, to-day, the acme of our knowledge of the past. 
We are all the time building on the past, without which we 
could not obtain a solid foundation, but would be building on 
a sandy foundation. What would we know about our Savior 
and the sufferings of Jesus of Xazareth on the cross, and the 
beauties and attractions of Heaven, but for the recorded 
words in the Holy Bible? What would we know of the 
world, and its great men, its inventions, its advancements in 
civilization, and the progress of mankind in everything, were 
it not for the histories, the monuments, statues and other 



8 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

pyramids, written and erected for the guidance of those to 
come afterwards? 

A nation, a country, a state, a county that has not pride of 
its noble dead, is composed of a mankind fit only for "trea- 
son, stratagem, and spoils," and for the habitation of Hell. 
We have been often asked why we should be interested in 
writing a history of the by-gone days of Hertford County. 
Why, they are the most glorious days of our life ! All the 
sunshine, all the hopes, and all the beauties of life are in 
those days. Ancestors, parents, friends, and other noble 
men and women, help to make the grand history of this old 
political subdivision of the State. We are proud of its his- 
tory; proud of its dead. We love to sing the songs of its 
praises. A being who has no love for his county and the 
noble deeds of its dead has no soul. He is like the "lean 
and hungry Cassius" — dangerous. Let us remember — ^let us 
love until the end of time. 

When we think of the true and devoted sons of the Colo- 
nial days, of the brave and loyal sons of the Kevolutionary 
times, of the determined and self-sacrificing sons of the 
infant days of the State and Republic, and the gallant and 
courageous soldiers of the county whenever the liberties, 
rights and freedom of the people of the States were involved, 
and the part its great men took in shaping the laws of the 
country and in the perpetuation of its institutions, we feel 
like exclaiming, "O, fortunate country, who had such sons to 
be the herald of thy fame !" 

AMERICA. 

To know well the child we should know its parents. 

Columbus discovered America — ^the New World — ^the un- 
known land — in the year 1492. It was a beautiful part of 
Ifature's landscape. Its coasts, its level lands, its hills and 
valleys, its magnificent forests, and its grand and placid 
streams of water filled the hearts and souls of Columbus 
and his companions with untold and indescribable joy. It 



HisTOBY OF Hebtfokd Oounty, N. C. 9 

was uninhabited, except by wild beasts and savage tribes of 
Indians. Where the Indians came from we do not know. 
They seemed to be indigenous to the soiL The Great God 
of Nature created and placed them here, as he did the beasts 
of the forest. Columbus returned to the Old World, his 
native land, and told of the New World he had discovered. 
He told them of its beauties and its attractions. The popu- 
lar mind soon became emblazoned with imaginary pictures 
and pent-up glories and blessings of this fairy land beyond 
the broad and deep waters. The whole of Europe became 
excited. Soon, voyages began to be made, in crude crafts, 
across the billows of the mighty oceans to reach the new land 
of flowers and take possession of it and make it the home of 
the free, and the asylum of the oppressed. Old England 
quickly proceeded to profit by the discovery of Columbus 
and take possession of this new and far-off land, about which 
the Old World had become so much aroused by the reports 
of Columbus, a native of Italy, the land of valor and 
beauty. 

Bancroft's History of the United States is the most de- 
lightful treatise on the early and primeval days of the West- 
em Continent the reader can obtain. Of the discoveries of 
the lands along the musical and poetic borders of the Rio 
Grande and of the mighty Mississippi Valley, the wide- 
spreading lap of the Western Continent, the reader can find 
no more pleasing and fascinating accounts than Prescott's 
Histories of Mexico and Peru. Kidpath's recent History 
of the United States is, also, written in a most interesting 
style. Its rhetoric is ornate and easy. 

The early settlers of the New World experienced great 
troubles with the native Indians, and many of them were 
murdered by these wild, barbaric natives. The New World 
was called America in honor of Amerigo Vespucci, which 
was an undeserved honor. 



10 History of Hertford County, X. C. 

CAROLINA. 

On the 25th day of March, 1584, Queen Elizabeth of 
England granted to Sir Walter Raleigh a charter authorizing 
him to take possession of an extensive territory of land in 
America, extending from the 33d to the 40th parallel of 
north latitude, and to people it, and organize a state, to be 
governed by Raleigh, as lord-proprietor. This territory 
was called Carolina, The granting of this charter was the 
first step in the work of English colonization in America. 
Five voyages were made under it, but without success in 
establishing a permanent settlement. Raleigh's vessels land- 
ed at Roanoke Island, where he landed his colonists and 
attempted to effect a settlement, but the hostility of the 
Indians was too great. One of his colonies left on the 
island, consisting of 108, were lost, and no account of them 
has ever been given. It is known as the ^^lost colony." The 
Indians evidently destroyed them. On the 18th day of 
Auguat, 1585, Virginia Dare was bom on this island. She 
was the first English white child ever born in the I^ew 
World. 

Raleigh finally abandoned his efforts. 

Again, on the 20th day of March, 1663, King Charles, the 
Second, granted a charter for Carolina to Edward, Earl of 
Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Cra- 
ven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George 
Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, to be 
known as the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, They were 
granted all the land extending from the north end of the 
island called Lucke Island, in the southern Virginia seas, 
and with six and thirty degrees of the north latitude, and to 
the west as far as the South Seas, and southerly as far as 
St. Matthias River, on the coast of Florida. The territory 
of country was not named Carolina in honor of Charles II., 
as some writers have it, but it was named ^^Carolina" by 
eTohn Ribault, a French navigator, as early as 1562. 



History of Hebtford County, N. C. 11 

The Lords Proprietors were invested with power to set up 
a form of government of their own, to make laws for the 
government of the people, to hold courts, and do all acts 
and exercise all other powers desired to gratify their lord- 
ships. 

The first permanent settlement in Carolina is stated by 
Bancroft to have been made immediately after the expulsion 
of the Quakers from Virginia in 1662. 

On July 30, 1665, King Charles II. granted the same 
Lords Proprietors a second grant, extending the boundaries of 
Carolina north and eastward as far as the north end of 
Currituck River, upon a straight westerly line to Wyanoke 
Creek and so on. 

The area of Carolina, under this charter, was a million of 
square miles, and included a large part of Mexico, all of 
Texas, all our territory south of 36 deg. 30 min. and west 
of Arkansas, and the lands now embraced in the States of 
North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Arkansas, 
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana. But the grantees only 
had possession of a small part of the territory. 

In 1669, John Lock, of England, wrote the first constitu- 
tion for the Proprietary government of Carolina. Ashley 
Cooper, one of the Lords Proprietors, afterwards wrote an 
amendment to it. But the framework of the whole fabric 
was too impracticable and metaphysical, and it was never 
fully put in operation. It was finally abrogated, in 1693, by 
the Lords Proprietors. 

On September 8th, 1663, Sir William Berkley, Governor 
of Virginia, and one of the Lords Proprietors of the Prov- 
ince of Carolina, was directed to visit the settlement on 
Albemarle, and organize a regular government. He did so. 
George Drummond was appointed Governor, and a council 
of six was also appointed, and thus was formed the infant 
colony thereafter known as the County of Albemarle. 



12 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

north carolina. 

In the year 1697 that portion of Carolina lying north of 
th^ Sanitee River became known and recognized as North 
Carolina, and the southern portion as South Carolina. The 
County of Albemarle was in North Carolina. Later this 
colony became subdivided into three counties. 

Hertford County was not one of the original subdivisions 
of the territory of the colony of North Carolina. At the 
close of the Indian War of 1711, North Carolina was di- 
vided into three counties — ^Albemarle, Bath, and Clarendon. 
These counties were subdivided into precincts. Albemarle 
was divided into Currituck, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Cho- 
wan, Bertie, and Tyrrell precincts. Bath was divided into 
Beaufort, Hyde, Craven, and Carteret precincts. Clarendon 
County had only one precinct. New Hanover. Bertie pre- 
cinct was carved out of Albemarle County territory in 1722. 
Northampton Cojmty was formed in 1741 from a portion 
of the territory of Bertie. 

GOVERNORS OF THE COUNTY OF ALBEMARLE. 

Geo. Drummond, appointed in fall 1663. 

Samuel Stevens, appointed in October, 1667; died early 
in 1674. 

Sir Geo. Cartwright, President of the Council, 1674. He 
returned to England in 1676. 

Thomas Miller, appointed, to fill vacancy, in 1677- 

Culpepper's rebellion. 

In Nov., 1777, Sir Geo. Eastchurch was appointed Gov- 
ernor of the County of Albemarle, and left England, but when 
he reached the West Indies he fell in love with a beautiful girl 
and lingered there. After making known his devotion they 
were married. He then renewed his journey to North Caro- 
lina. When he reached the shores of the new country he 
found that one Culpepper had, in December, 1677, usurped 
the government and proclaimed himself governor. East- 



• History of Hertford County, J^. C. 13 

church tried to suppress Culpepper's usurpation, and secured 
the aid of the Governor of Virginia, but failed, and thereby 
by the simple act of a lover, lost his government, and also 
his life, as he was killed in his effort to assert his authority. 
Lovers should not neglect their business, as they may lose 
all, is the lesson here taught. 

John Harvey was appointed President of Council in 1680. 

John Jenkins, appointed Governor, June, 1680, and died 
December, 1681. 

Henry Wilkinson, appointed Governor February, 1681. 

Seth Sothel, appointed Governor 1683. This man, Seth 
Sothel, was a great rascal. He was expelled as Governor of 
the County of Albemarle shortly after his appointment. He 
then went to Charleston, in South Carolina, and, in 1690, 
was elected Governor of that county, and was there impeached 
and expelled. An honest public servant is a prize to any 
people. No mean, insincere, selfish, and untrue man ought 
ever to be allowed to hold any office or place of trust 

Philip Ludwell, appointed Governor 1689. 

Alexander Lillington, appointed deputy Governor 1693. 

Thomas Harvey, appointed deputy Governor 1693. 

From April, 1693, to 1712, North and South Carolina 
had the same governors. 

Philip Ludwell, appointed 1693. 

Thomas Smith, appointed 1693. 

Joseph Blake, appointed 1694. 

John Archdale, appointed 1695. 

Joseph Blake, appointed 1696. 

James Moore, appointed 1700. 

Nath'l Johnson, appointed 1703. 

Edward Tynte, appointed 1706. 

Robert Gibbes, appointed 1710. 



14 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

the governors of north carolina under the proprie- 
tary government from 1699 to 1729. 

Thej took the oath of oflBce as follows : 

Henderson Walker, President of the Council, 1699. 

Robert Daniel, Deputy Governor, 1704. 

Thos. Carey, Deputy Governor, 1705. 

William Glover, President of the Council, May, 1709. 

Edward Hyde, President of the Council, August, 1710. 

Edward Hyde, appointed Governor January 24, 1712. 

Thomas Pollock, President of Council, September 12, 1712. 

Charles Eden, appointed Governor May 28, 1714, and 
died March 26, 1722. 

Thomas Pollock, President of Council March 30, 1722, and 
died August 30, 1722. 

William Eced, President of Council, September 7, 1722. 

George Burrington, Governor, January 15, 1724. 

Sir Eichard Everard, Governor, July 17, 1725. 

Governor Everard remained in office until the Lords Pro- 
prietors (excepting John Lord Carteret) sold their interests 
in the soil and the rights acquired under the charters from 
King Charles II. to the Crown of England, and thus ended 
the Proprietary Government of the Carolinas. 

THE BRITISH GOVERNORS OF NORTH CAROLINA FROM 1731 TO 
THE FREEDOM OF THE COLONIES IN 1776. 

The dates refer to the time thev took the oath of office. 

George Burrington, February 25, 1731. 

Xathaniel Eice, April 17, 1734. 

Gabriel Johnson, November 2, 1734. 

Nathaniel Kice, February 1, 1752. 

Matthew Eoman, February 1, 1753. 

Arthur Dobbs, November 1, 1754. 

William Tryon, October 27, 1764. 

James Hassel, July 1, 1771. 

Josiah Martin, August, 1771. 



History of Hertford County, N. C. 15 

All the governors since Governor Martin have held their 
offices under the Constitutions of the State of North Carolina. 

PRELUDE TO HERTFORD. 

The histories of Bertie and Northampton counties consti- 
tute a part of the primeval history of Hertford County. So, 
to truly understand the history of Hertford, we must under- 
stand the histories of its mother counties. We want to know 
the men, the families, who controlled and shaped the destinies 
and affairs of these mother counties. Many of our ancestors 
occupied oflBcial positions in those counties. We speak of 
counties. There were only three counties in North Carolina, 
until 1738. The other sub-divisions of the territory were 
called precincts. In 1738 the precincts were dignified by 
the names of counties. 

BERTIE PRECINCT. 

In 1722, Bertie Precinct was carved out of Albemarle 
County by the Lords Proprietors under their charters from 
King Charles the Second. The boundaries were as follows: 

"That part of Albemarle County lying on the west side of 
Chowan River, being a part of Chowan Precinct. Bounded 
to the northward by the line dividing the government from 
Virginia, and to the southward by the Albemarle Sound and 
Moratuck River, as far up as Welsh's Creek, and then in- 
cluding both sides of said river and the branches thereof, and 
as far as the limits of the government, be, and the same is 
hereby declared to be erected into a precinct by the name of 
Bertie Precinct, in Albemarle County." 

Later, in 1729, the boundaries of Bertie Precinct were 
fixed as follows: The Roanoke on the south and west, the 
State line between Virginia and North Carolina on the 
north^ the Chowan River and Albemarle Sound on the east. 

During the governorship of old Gabriel Johnson, some 
writers put it in 1741 and some in 1743, another act of the 
Royal General Assembly was passed, establishing out of the 
territory of Bertie County, the county of ^Northampton. 



16 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

The representatives of Bertie County in the Colonial As- 
sembly from the ending of the Proprietary Government in 
1729 to the formation of Hertford County in December, 
1759, were as follows : 

1731-2. Arthur Williams, James Castellow, Col. Thos. 
Pollock, Isaac Hill, Capt. George Wynns. 

1733. The same members, except William Kinchen in 
place of Col. Thomas Pollock. 

1734. Castellow, Williams, Capt. G. Wynns, John Law- 
son, and John Harrell. 

1735-6. The same as above, except John HodgsoA and 
John Harrell represented one vote. 

1737-8. Thomas Bryant, John Dawson, John Hodgson, 
Benj. Hill, James Castellow and Arthur Williams. 

1739-40. Benj. Hill, James Castellow, Thos, Bryant, 
John Dawson and John Browne. 

1741-2. Not given. 

Itforthampton is now formed, and Bertie given three mem- 
bers and N^orthampton two. 

Bertie's representatives. 

1743. Benj. Hill, James Castellow, and Thos. Bryant. 

1744. Benj. Hill, James Castellow, and Thos. Barker. 

1745. Benj. Hill, James Castellow, and Thos. Barker. 

1746. John Wynns, , . 

Here the colonial records show that there was a breach 
between Gov. Gabriel Johnson, which had been brewing for 
sometime, when some of the northeastern counties — Chowan, 
Perquimans, Tyrrell, Bertie, and others in the east — refused 
to send members to the Assembly, or rather their members 
elect would not attend, and the Governor could not get a 
quorum to transact business. Gov. Gabriel Johnson was an 
arbitrary and unpopular ruler. His trouble with his eastern 
counties was that he wanted to deprive them of their proper 
representation. He met with the same rebellious spirit as 
did later King George the Third, when he and his aristocracy 



History of Hertford County, N. C. 17 

tried U> crush the American colonies and deprive them of 
proper representation. This deplorable condition continued 
about ten years. In 1746, John Wynns was the only member 
of Bertie who appeared. The Governor issued his mandates 
that the members must attend the sessions and represent the 
freeholders. But they defied the commands. 

The next time we find Bertie and the other indignant coun- 
ties being represented in full was in 1754. 

Bertie sends in 1754-5-6-7-8-9, John Campbell, Thomas 
Whitnel, and Benj. Wynns. 

John Campbell was Speaker of the House for two or more 
years. He did not attend in 1756 on account of sickness. 
He lived at Coleraine in Bertie County, and was one of the 
most distinguished men in the State in his day. 

In 1760, after Hertford County was formed, Bertie's 
members were William Williams and John Hill. 

The justices of the peace appointed for Bertie in 1739 
were Benj. Hill, Esq., Needham Bryan, Wm. Cathcart, Wil- 
liam Kinchen, Peter West, Thos. Bryan, Thos. Handsford, 
Rowland Williams, Thos. Whitnel, John Prat, James Cas- 
tellow, John Dawson, and John Edwards. 

In 1746, the list of justices of the peace of Bertie County 
was revised, and George Gould, Wm. Cathcart, James Castel- 
low, Benj. Hill, John Harrell, ]N"eedham Bryant, George 
Lockhart, John Brown, Samuel Scally, Samuel Ormes, George 
Patterson, Robert Hunter, and Edward Bryan were ap- 
pointed. 

In May, 1759, the list was again revised, and Robert Sum- 
ner, Lillington Lockhart, Peter West, Thos. Slater, and 
James Moore were added to the list. 

Thos. Barker, Needham Bryant, Thos. Whitnel, Edward 
Bryan, and Thos. Turner had become citizens of Northamp- 
ton County, and could not serve. John Harrell, Jr., had 
died, and John Harrell, Sr., Robert Hunter, Robert Sumner, 
William Wynns, Jacob Blount, Robert Hardy, and Peter 

2 



18 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

West had been cut off into Hertford County, and were 
dropped from the list. 

Benj. Wynns, Clerk of the Court, was also cut off into 
Hertford County, and his place was declared vacant. In 
1754 the Clerk of the Court of Bertie County was Samuel 
Ormes. John Prat was Sheriff in 1Y39. 

CHOWAN county's REPRESENTATIVES IN THE ASSEMBLY. 

1744-5. James Anderson, Henry Baker, and Dempsey 
Sumner. 

1746-7. Peter Payne, Joseph Blount, James Anderson, 
and John Benbury. 

1757-9. Dempse;^ Sumner, Joseph Blount, Timothy Wal- 
ton, Joseph Heron and Edwin Vail. 

1754-9. Thomas Barker, for Ederiton. 

1760. Thomas Child, Thomas Barker, Francis Corbin, 
Samuel Johnston, and Edwin Vail. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

1746. John Montgomery, Esq., James Anderson, Thomas 
Garrettj Henry Baker, John Sumner, Dempsey Sumner, and 
William Hunter. 

CLERK OF COURT. 

1754. William Halsey. 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY. 

This county was carved out of Bertie County in 1741-3, 
and for about twenty years a portion of Hertford . Coimty 
was within her borders, hence we are interested in her politi- 
cal history during that period when we were nursing partly 
at her breast. Northampton County's first representation 
in the Colonial Assembly began, so far as we can find from 
the record, in 1744. Her members being as follows (she was 
entitled to two) : 

1744. Samuel Taylor and John Dawson. 

1745. John Dawson and James Washington. 

1746. Benj. Hill and James McDowell. 



History of Hertford County, N". C. 19 

1747. John Dawson and James Washington. 

1748. John Dawson and James Washington. 

1749. John Dawson and James Washington. 

The same interregnimi in the legislative branch of the gov- 
ernment was participated in by this comity, as in the other 
counties heretofore mentioned. 

Gov. Gabriel Johnson had made himself extremely offen- 
sive to the people in the east and their representatives. He 
was an arbitrary and bad man. In 1754 James Washington 
and Robert Jones, Jr., were the representatives. 

1755. James Washington and Robert Jones, Jr. 

1756. James Washington and Robert Jones, Jr. 

1757. James Washington and Robert Jones, Jr. 

1758. William Murfree and Robert Jones, Jr. 

1759. William Murfree and Robert Jones, Jr. 

After the passage of the bill creating Hertford County, 
the county was represented in 1760 by James Washington 
and Robert Jones, Jr. 

The justices of the peace in Northampton County during 
the twenty years next preceding the establishing of Hertford 
County were: William Cathcart, William Kinchen, John 
Dawson, Roland Williams, James Washington, James Maney, 
William Short, John DeBerry, John Moore, John Drew, 
Xathan Williams, John Duke, John Gilliam, Osbom Jeffries, 
John Lamon, William Battle, and Arthur Harris. 

SHERIFFS. 

1741-52. John Jones. 
1752-3. John Luke. 
1754-5. Nathan Williams. 
1755-60. John Jones. 

CLERKS OF COURT. 

1741-4. John Edwards. 
1744-6. Robert Foster. 
1746-8. John Hooker. 
1748-65. John Edwards. 



20 HisTOKT OF Hebtfobd Countt, X. C. 

PUBULC BEOISTHB. 

James Dancy. 

Xorthampton County was known as the Xorthwest Parish. 
But on account of its great length it was, in 1758, divided 
by virtue of an act of the Colonial Assembly, into two 
parishes, namely, Xorthwest and SL George. 

The following vestrymen were named for the Xorthwest 
Parish : William Murfree, James Washington, James Tur- 
ner, Samuel Thomas, Joseph Sykes, Charles Skinner, Wil- 
liam Battle, Joseph Smith, Benj. DeBerry, Robert Warren 
James Maney, and John Figures. 

The vestrymen of St. Greorge were: William Cathcart, 
John Jones, William Allen, Harwood Jones, Thomas Barrett, 
William Winbome, Green Hill, John Dukes, William Pace, 
Thomas Winborne, and William Short. — State Bee. of N. C, 
vol, 23—^99. 

This new county included all that part of Bertie County 
bounded as follows: ^^All that part of Bertie lying north 
and west of Sandy Run and a direct line from the head of 
said Run to the head of Beaver Dam Swamp and Meherrin 
Creek and River." This included the Menola section of St. 
John's Township, the most of ilurfreesboro Township and 
the whole of Maney's Xeck Township, now in Hertford 
County, in the boundaries of the new county of Xorthampton. 

HERTFORD COUNTY. 

On the 12th day of December, 1758, John Campbell, a 
member from Bertie in the Colonial General Assembly of 
Xorth Carolina, presented a petition asking for the erection 
of Hertford County from the territory of Chowan, Bertie, 
and Xorthampton. On the 18th day of December, 1759^ 
Benj. Wynns, one of the members from Bertie, was ordered 
t-o prepare and bring in a bill pusuant to the prayer of the 
petition, which he did, and the same was presented and 
passed and sent to the Council. On December 19, 1759, it 
was endorsed and sent to the upper house, where it was first 



History of Hertford County, N. C. 21 

read and passed. The bill was finally passed December 29, 
1759, and the county given two members in the Greneral 
Assembly. The boundary being as follows: 

Beginning in Bertie County at the first high land on the 
northwest side of Mare Branch on Chowan River Pocosin, 
running thence by a direct line to Thos. Outlaw's plantation, 
near Stony Creek, thence by a direct line to Northampton 
County line at the plantation whereon James Rutland form- 
erly lived, then along Northampton County line to the head 
of Beaver Dam Swamp, then by a line direct to the eastern- 
most part of Kirby Creek, thence down the creek to the Me- 
herrin River; then up the Meherrin River to the Virginia 
line; then easterly along the Virginia line to Bennett's 
Creek; then dowTi Bennett's Creek to Chowan River; then 
across the river to the mouth of the said Mare Branch ; and 
up the branch to the beginning, and all of said territory shall 
be kno\vn as Hertford County, and parish of St. Barnabas. 

In 1764 the line between Hertford and Northampton was 
changed, as follows: 

^'Beginning on Kirby's Creek, where the dividing line 
joins said creek, running thence up the creek to the fork 
thereof (which is in the fork of the Vaughan Mill Pond), 
then up Turkey Creek to Maple Fork ; then by a direct south 
course till it intersects the present dividing line." 



DECADE L 

1760-1770. 

Having traced the history of the discovery of America^ the 
settlement of Carolina^ the division of Carolina into North 
and South Carolina, the subdivision of North Carolina into 
counties and precincts, then precincts into counties, and the 
establishment of Hertford County, which received its name 
in honor of Francis Seymour, Marquis of Hertford, a great 
friend of liberty and of the American Colonies, and who 
introduced in the House of Lords in 1765 a bill to repeal the 
infamous Stamp Act; we will now proceed to briefly notice 
the prominent events in the history of this little but illus- 
trious county of Hertford, and its people who jfigured in 
shaping its destiny and perpetuating its fame. This is not 
to be a general history of the State, but purely a county his- 
tory. The reader must read other works for general histori- 
cal information. For convenience, the writer will divide 
his writings into Decades instead of Chapters. 

Arthur Dobbs was made Governor of the Province of 
North Carolina November 1, 1754, and remained in office 
until October, 1764, when he was succeeded by William 
Tryon, October 27, 1764, and who remained in office until he 
was appointed Governor of New York, June 1, 1771. 

The citizenship of the county was of a high type, many of 
its men had been educated in the schools and universites of 
the old countries. Its women were beautiful and attractive. 
Its early settlei*& were French, Irish, Scotch, and Scotch- 
Irish principally. Col. James Jones, of Hertford County, 
was a member of Governor Dobbs' Council and one of the 
leading men of the Province. He aided greatly in securing 
the establishment of the loyal and graceful little county of 
Hertford. 

On May 9, 1760, an order for an election of members to 
represent Hertford County in the General Asseinbly was 



Decade I.— 1760-1770. 



issued by the Clerk of th« Crown. Notwithstanding the 
writ of election was issued in May, 1760, we find no record 
showing any representation from Hertford County in the 
Gfeneral Assembly until 1762. 

The list of the members elected to first represent Hertford 
County in the General Assembly ia given on page SOI, vol. 6, 
Col. Eec., by Col. Wm. L. Saunders, the compiler, as being 
Hessrs. Eenj. Wynna and William Murfree; but this is a mis- 
take. The records do not show that Eenj. Wynns was ever 
sworn in or ever took part in the deliberations of the budy. 
Eenj. Wynns was during this time Clerk of the Court The 
records do show that William Murfree and Henry Winbome 
presented certificates of election from Hertford County, and 
they were sworn in and seated aa the first members in the 
Colonial General Assembly of North Carolina from Hertford 
^County. Col. Eec., vol. 6, pages 810 and 916. When the 
county was formed, Benj. Wynna lived in Winton and was 
one of the representatives from Bertie, and William Murfree 
lived near the present site of Murfreesboro, and was one of 
the members from Northampton. Botb of these distinguished 
gentlemen were cut off from their respective counties and 
embraced in the territory of Hertford. 

The laws of the Colony were enacted by an Assembly com- 
posed of freeholders, elected in the several coimties. The 
meml)er was required to be the owner of at least one hundred 
aerefl of land, and tJie voter was required to own in fee at 
least fifty acres of land, and the King's Council, which was 
referred to as the Upper House or Council. The Council- 
men were appointed by the King, generally upon the recom- 
mendation of the royal governor of the Province, and the 
Council was presided over by the Governor, and sometimes 
by the Chief Justice. 

Hertford County was represented in the Council for some 
ytars in the person of Col. James Jones. The colonial mem- 
bers of the Assembly or House were: 

1762-63. Henry Winbome, William Murfree. 




1 



24 History of Hertford County, X. C. 

1764-65. Benj. Wynns, Robert Sumner. 

1766-68. Benj. Wynns, Matthias Brickie. 

1768-70. Peter Wynns, Edward Hare. 

1770-72. Benj. Wynns, Edward Hare. 

1772-74. Benj. Wynns, Sr., Benj. Wynns, Jr. 

1775. Wm. Murfree, George Wynns. 

The Assembly was dissolved, or prorogued, at the will of 
the Governor. The bills, after passing the House, were sent 
generally by two members of the House, appointed by the 
Speaker, to the Upper House or Council. Bills after passing 
both branches, if of any political importance, were still sub- 
ject to the approval or disapproval of the King, speaking 
through his Governor. We will speak briefly now of these 
representative citizens. 

Wm. Murfree was a former citizen of Xorthampton Coim- 
ty, living in that part of Northampton where the present 
town of Murfreesboro is located, when Hertford County was 
f(.rmed. He first appeared in the Assembly from North- 
ampton as the successor of James Washington, resigned, in 
1757, and continued as a member of that body until Hertford 
was formed, when he became a citizen of Hertford County. 
Being a man of ability and experience, his new county made 
no mistake in returning him to the Assembly. He married 
]\fnry Moore, of Northampton, and they were the parents of 
tiie great warrior and patriot. Col. Hardy Murfree, of Hert 
ford County. He was the second colonial sheriff of this 
county, and served several years after his return from the 
Assembly. 

Henry Winborne, a substantial planter, living in the 
central part of the county, was his collegue in the 
House. Winborne came to the county from Nansemond 
County, Va., in 1742, with his companion, Bryan Hare, 
from the same county. They bought from Daniel Hough, 
of Bertie, 400 acres of land on Meherrin (now Potecasi) 
Creek, December 8, 1742. A certified copy of the old deed 
is now in the possession of the author. He was the great- 
grandfather of the late Maj. S. D. Winborne, of this county. 



Decade I.— 1760-1770. 25 

This wa^ his first entrance in political life. He was a man 
with a strong and vigorous intellect and was an active and 
useful member of the House. He was one of the colonial 
justices of the peace of the county, and served his county well 
as the presiding member of the Court of Pleas and Quarter 
Sessions, which was the chief court of the people in those 
days. He married Sarah Hare, a Quaker lady of Nansemond 
County, Va. She died about 1759, and they left, as is 
known, two sons, William and Thomas, arid one daughter, 
Sarah. There may have been other children. 

Henry Winborne's daughter, Sarah, married the first 
Starkey Sharp, and they had two daughters, Sarah and 
Elizabeth, and one son, Jacob. Sarah married Thos. E. 
Hare, Elizabeth married K^athan Harrell, and Jacob married 
a Miss Hunter of Gates County. His son William Win- 
borne and his wife Juditli were the parents of the late John 
W^inborne, who lived below Harrellsville. His son. Thomas 
married Sarah Copeland, aunt of James Copeland, who rep- 
resented the county in the House and Senate in the seventh 
decade, and they were the parents of Elisha Winborne and 
Sarah A. Winborne. Elisha married Martha Warren, of 
Southampton County, Va., and they were the grandparents 
of the author. Sarah married John Gurley, and their de- 
scendants are now living in Mississippi. The author's book, 
^^The Winborne Family," published in 1905, gives a full his- 
tory of all the old Winborne families in North Carolina. 
Henry had a brother by the name of Thomas, and probably 
others, in Northampton County. 

Henry Winborne was one of the first two representatives 
in the legislature from the new county, and his direct de- 
scendant, Robert Warren Winborne, was the first Democrat 
elected in the county, in 1884, to the legislature, after the 
days of reconstruction and the enfranchisement of the negro 
in 1868. Another of his direct descendants, B. B. Winborne, 
the author of this book, represented the chivalrous little 
county of Hertford in the legislature in 1895 and again in 



26 IIisTOBY OF Hertford County, iJf. C. 

1905. The first and last stand 143 years apart on the roll. 
He still has younger descendants in North Carolina and 
Virginia, bearing his family name to do him honor. Mica- 
jah T. Winbome of Alabama, the late Maj. S. D. Winborne 
of this county, Dr. Kobert H. Winbome of Chowan County,. 
Mrs. Britton Moore late of Murfreesboro, and Richard Win- 
bome late of Tennessee, were his great-grandchildren. The 
old representative and chairman of the county court owned' 
about 1,200 acres of land in the central part of the county,, 
in and around the present town of Union, 

Benj. Wynns was a member of the Assembly in 1759 from 
Bertie, when Hertford was formed. He lived where the 
town of Winton is now located, and had been a member of 
the House of Commons from Bertie constantly since 1754,^ 
and was a man of great wealth, long experience as a public 
officer and legislator. He drew the bill to create Hertford 
County, and was also the author of the bill to incorporate 
the town of Winton. Before Hertford was formed Mr. 
Wynns, in 1754, introduced a bill to locate and incorporate 
a town on his land at Barfields. That failed, and ten years 

later, while a member from the new county of Hertford, he, 
in 1764, introduced a bill to establish a town on his land,, 
where the town of Winton is located. The bill passed in 
1768, and he donated 150 acres of land for the town, which 
was named Winton in his honor. Henry Hill^ Wm. Murf ree^ 
John Baker, Matthias Brickie, Joseph Dickinson, Henry 
King, and Benj. Wynns were appointed commissioners in 
the act, to have the town laid off, the streets named, lots num- 
bered, and a map made of the town. Fifty acres were to be 
set apart for town commons. Godwin Cotton surveyed and 
plotted the town. This was the first incorporated town in 
the county, and stood alone in its glory for twenty years. It 
soon became the centre and the Mecca of Hertford's digni- 
taries. Benj. Wynns owned all the land and river front 
from Folly Branch to Hare's mill-race, besides other large 
bodies of land in the county. He was the first Clerk of the 



Decade L— 1760-1770. 27 

Court in the county, from 1760-1764, as appears from old 
deeds found among the papers of the late Maj. S. D. Win- 
borne, and of Oris Parker, Esq., the grandson of the first 
Peter Parker. John A. Wynns, of Winton, was also very 
probably the son of Benj. Wynns, Jr. 

Benj. Wynns and John Wynns were men of prominence in 
Bertie Precinct as far back as 1735. They were deputy sur- 
veyors under the Surveyor-General of the Crown in 1844, 
and their depositions were taken on behalf of the Crown to 
prove charges of corruption against Gov. Gabriel Johnson, 
for violating the land-grant laws. The offices held by Benj. 
and John Wynns were of great importance in those days, and 
only worthy and efficient men were selected to fill them. Both 
of them were freeholders and on the jury list of Bertie in 
1740. John Wynns was Deputy Clerk of the Court of that 
county in 1741, aged 39. Col. Kec, vol. 4, p. 1117. George 
WjTins, who was still older, was prominent in Bertie as far 
back as 1719. 

At the General Court for Chowan Precinct, held at Queen 
Anne's Creek, (Edenton), July 28, 1719, Geo. Winns was a 
member of the grand jury. In 1723 he was a witness in a 
land suit tried in court, held at A-hot-sky (Ahoskie). April 9, 
1724, Winns was appointed a justice of the peace for Bertie 
Precinct. Was Clerk of the Court of his county, and in 1728 
is mentioned in the Colonial Records as captain in the militia. 
He represented Bertie Precinct, after the Lords Proprietors 
suri-endered their charter rights to the Crown, in the Assem- 
bly of the Province in 1731-2-3-4-5-6. John Wynns was in 
the Assembly from Bertie in 1746. William Wynns was a 
justice of the peace in Bertie six years prior to the formation 
of Hertford, and was also a justice in Hertford. George 
Wynns, Jr., was made Major in the colonial militia in 1764, 
and entered the Continental Army in 1777. In 1780 he 
was captured by the British and carried to London and held 

Note.— Geo. Winns and wife Rose conveyed 150 acres of land on 
Wiccacon Creek to John Early, July 14, 1714. 



28 History of Hehtfokd Cousty, N. C 

as a prisoner of war until the close of hostilities, when he 
returned to his native county of Hertford. He was a mem- 
ber from his county in the convention of the State in 1788, 
to consider the ratification of the United States constitution. 
The Americanized Encyeloptedia Britannica has it that Gen. 
Thomas Wynns was the prisoner. That is a mistake. The 
General was never a prisoner. 

The Wynnses lived in and around Winton, except Creorge 
W'ymis, who lived on the farm on which Dr. R. P. Thomas 
now resides. Benjamin, John, William and George, Jr. 
(who was mad© major in 1764), must have been sons of 
George Wynns, Sr, Benj. Wynns had a son of the same 
name, who was Public Register of the county from 1760-64, 
and Clerk of the Court from 1764-72, and again in 1802, 
and a member of the Assembly in 1773-74. We do not find 
John Wynns mentioned in public life aft«r 1746. Peter 
Wynns was in the Assembly in 1769-70, but after this we 
lose trace of him. 

Benj. Wynns, Jr., left four sons— Benjamin, George, Wil- 
liam, and Thomas. The latter was the j'oungest, and was 
boni about 1758 or 1759, according to the notice of his death, 
published in the Raleigh Register in 1825. His age was 
given in the Rpfjister at bis death as being about 66 years. 
Benj. Wynns III., left four 
sons — Benjamin IV., Thomas, 
James Dean, and AVilliam B. 
Wynns. The U. S. Census of 
1790 shows that at that time 
John A. Wymia, Matthew 
Wynns, ilaj. George Wynns, 
andGen. Thos. AVynns, and Wm. 
Wynns were living in this 
coiintyand were heads of fami- 
lies. The others had died pre- 
vious to that date, exeepit Benj. 
t were among the oldest and most 




Decade L— 1760-1770. 29 

prominent in the county in those days. The official record of 
the county indicates how they were regarded by their fellow- 
citizens. The name is printed in various ways in the old colo- 
nial and Sifcate records. We find it spelt Winn, Wynn, and 
Wynns. But the old members spelt it Wynns, as shown by 
their signatures seen by the writer. The name is spelt in the 
charter of Virginia of 1609, Wynne. Capt. Thomas Wynne, 
Capt. Peter Wynne, and Capt Edmond Wynne are there men- 
tioned in the list of graniteesi in the charter from King Charles 
II. Of this illustrious family. Col. James M. Wynns, of Mur- 
freesboro, the only surviving son of William B. Wynns, is 
the only survivor of the older Wynns. He and his brother, 
the late Thomas P. Wynns, have children living in this 
county and in Virginia. Col. J. M. Wynns' uncle, Benja- 
min, has descendants in Florida. 

Eobert Sumner was a wealthy old bachelor, who lived and 
enjoyed life at St. John's, where courts in olden times were 
held. He dressed well, drove fine horses, drank the finest 
liquors, enjoyed the standard literature of the times, as well 
as the current news, and was fond of entertaining his friends. 
He had figured much in public life and was regarded as prob- 
ably the strongest and ablest of his compeers in Hertford. 
He was the grand-old-man on all public occasions. Moses 
and Josiah Sumner, also, lived in that part of the county, 
and each served as Sheriff of the county at a later period. 
He was in the first list of justices of the peace for the county, 
and the presiding officer at one time of the old court of the 
county. In the next decade the reader will learn more of 
this lofty old gentleman. 

Matthias Brickie lived at the old Daniel Valentine place, 
near Winton, which is sometimes called Oak Villa. He was 
one of Hertford's most worthy and valued citizens. He came 
to the county before its formation. He vied with Col. Rob- 
ert Sumner for the mastery in the county. He had a liberal 
education as well as Sumner. He had the advantage of Sum- 
ner, however, in that he was the head of a most interesting 



30 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

and intelligent family of sons and daughters. His father, 
Kev. Matthias Brickie, of Bertie, was the first resident 
preacher west of the Chowan River. He entered upon his 
mission about 1730, and preached with great power at old 
St. John's and at old St. Luke's chapels. The latter chapel 
was near the present church Buckhorn. Rev. Brickie died 
about 1758, and Rev. Wm. Gurley succeeded him in his 
grand work. His son. Col. Matthias Brickie, first married, 
on November 6, 1748, Rachel Noailles, of a French Huguenot 
family. By this marriage he reared several children : Sally, 
who became the wife of Col. Hardy Murfree; James Noailles 
Brickie, who became a notable physician and a distinguished 
soldier and legislator. The latter died in Tennessee and was 
buried by the side of his brother-in-law. Colonel Murfree. 
William and Matthias Brickie, Jr., were also sons of this 
marriage. He had several other daughters by this marriage. 
One of whom married Maj. John Brown, a retired British 
navy officer, who had located in this county near old St. 
John's, long prior to the war of 1776. The late James L. 
Anderson owned the place where Major Brown lived and 
died. William and Matthias both rose to prominence and 
distinction in the county and State. Colonel Brickie was 
the first High Sheriff of the county up to 1766, preceding in 
that office his worthy contemporary, William Murfree, who 
was in the office from 1766-1771. Colonel Brickie's wife, 
Rachel, died February 17, 1770, and some time after that he 
married Mrs. Nannie Jones, the widow of the second James 
Jones, of Pitch Landing, and reared several children from 
this marriage. One of his daughters by his first marriage, 
married Dr. Bryant Bembury, a celebrated physician, who 
emigrated to America in 1783, from Clonmel County, Ire- 
land, and located in Hertford County, where his father and 
his family had preceded him. Dr. Bembury died in Mur- 
freesboro, October 15, 1809, and is buried in Winton in the 
family burying-ground, between the court-house square and 
the river. Dr. John Brickie, a noted physician in Edenton, 



Decade L— 1760-1770. 31 

a ripe scholar, a philosopher, and an historian, was uncle 
to Colonel Brickie. Miss Levinia Bembury Brickie, a grand- 
daughter of Colonel Brickie, died in Murfreesboro, July 27, 
1799, and was buried in Winton. Godwin Cotton, of Hert- 
ford, married Sarah Brown, the daughter of Maj. Jno. 
Brown, and granddaughter of Colonel Brickie. Maj. John 
Brown and his wife, Sarah, were also the grandparents 
of the late John A. Anderson, of Winton, Eliza Brown, wife 
of the late James M. Trader, of Murfreesboro, Mrs. Polly 
Everett, who lived near old St. John's, and Dr. Godwin C. 
Moore. Col. Matthias Brickie died October 17, 1788. 

Capt Arthur Cotton, son of John Cotton of Bertie, whose 
will was probated in 1727, married Elizabeth Rutland, daugh- 
ter of James Rutland, who built the house where the bound- 
ary lines of Hertford and Northampton corner, and they 
were the parents of Godwin Cotton, who married Sarah 
Brown. Godwin Cotton, by his marriage with Miss Brown, 
reared several .children. Their daughter Betsey married 
Col. John Johnson, once prominent in Bertie, but moved to 
Hertford County before his death, and died at Mulberry 
Grove in 1807, near St. John's. They left two children — 
Rev. Dr. Samuel Iredell Johnson, and Sally Johnson, who 
afterwards married James D. Wynns, of Hertford County, 
and uncle to our Col. James M. Wynns. Their other 
daughter married James Wright Moore, and they were the 
parents of the late Dr. Godwin C. Moore, the late Mrs. Sallie 
M. Westray, of ]S"ash County, and the late Mrs. Emeline Le 
Vert, wife of Dr. Henry B. Le Vert, of Mobile, Ala. It 
was this distinguished physician. Dr. Le Vert, and his good 
wife who administered to the comfort of young Mica j ah T. 
Winborne, uncle of the writer, during his last illness in 1843, 
in Mobile, away from his loved ones. He was buried in 
their private burying ground, and a beautiful monument was 
erected at his grave by this noble lady and his other friends 
in his distant home. The goodness in our fellow-man excites 
admiration. . It makes us love to say : 



32 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

** There is so much bad in the best of us, 
And so much good in the worst of us, 
That it hardly behooves any of us 
To talk about the rest of us/' 

Edward Hare, one of the representatives from the county 
from 1768-72, lived in ^laney's Xeck, where the late J. W. 
Barnes resided, and belonged to the prominent Hare family 
of the county. He and Moses Hare lived in Chowan County 
in 1740, and afterwards moved to Hertford. Jesse Hare, 
his brother, was one of the colonial magistrates of the county. 
Moses Hare lived in the county prior to the Revolution of 
1776, and was the father of Jamima Hare, the second wife of 
Starkey Sharp, the first, (1743-1791). Since writing ^The 
Winborne Family," a further investigation enables the writer 
to give more information of the Hare family. It is there 
stated that Thos. E. Hare, son of Edward Hare, who 
married Henry Winborne's granddaughter, Sarah Sharp, 
left no children. This was a mistake. They left several 
sons — John, Jacob, and Starkey S. Hare. John lived in 
Murfreesboro and often served as an election officer. He 
married Elizabeth R., the daughter of Lewis Meredith, and 
left several children — Thomas, John, Emma, Francis, and 
Eliza E. Hare. Jacob married a Miss Ware, and served the 
county in the Senate in 1830. Starkey S. Hare first married 
Mary A. Askew, sister to the late John O. Askew, and after 
her death he married Mary E. Askew, sister to the late Dr. 
A. J. Askew, of Bertie. They left two sons — Starkey S. 
Hare, Jr., and Thomas E. Hare. The former married Susan 
Brown. These families emigrated to Fayette County, Tenn. 
The old colonial law-maker, Wm. Haywood, of Edgecombe 
County, ]^. C, married Charity Hare, of this county, daugh- 
ter of Moses Hare. In 1790, Moses Hare, Sr., and Moses 
Hare, Jr., resided in that part of Gates County which was. 
formerly a part of Hertford. 

Note. — Edward Hare's will dated May 16, 1772. Bryan Hare, Benj. 
Wynns, Jr., Isaac Pipkin, and many others, are mentioned. He was 
the son of Edward Hare of Chowan and wife Mary Scott. 



Decade L— 1760-1770. 33 

Col. William Haywood was a colonel in the War of 1776, 
and married Charity Hare, of Hertford County, in March, 
1754. John Haywood (1755-1827), who was State Treas- 
urer for forty years; Sherwood Haywood (1762-1829), TJ. S. 
Commissioner of Loans; Wm. H. Haywood (1770-1857), 
Clerk U. S. District Court, and father of the U. S. Senator, 
Wm. H. Haywood, Jr.; and Stephen Haywood (1772-1824), 
planter and State Senator, were sons of this marriage. 

PUBLIC LANDINGS. 

The King^s public landings and places of inspection of 
flax seed, pork, beef, rice, flour, indigo, butter, tar, pitch and 
turpentina, staves, headings, lumber, shingles, and o?ther 
commodities, for sale or export, in the county, were, at the 
large "warehouses" on Chowan Eiver. Vanpelt's, on Wyca- 
con Creek, and Catharine Creek ; Hill's Ferry and Murf ree's 
Landing, on the Meherrin Eiver ; Maney's Landing, on Cho- 
wan River; Bennet's Creek Bridge; at Mt Sion, and at Win- 
ton, on the Chowan. There were warehouses at each of the 
above places and an inspector appointed and kept at each 
place. This was kept up for many years after the War of 
1776. The inspectors were appointed annually by the old 
County Courts up to a short time prior to the Civil War 
of 1861-'5. 

COURT OF PLEAS AND QUARTER SESSIONS. 

This Court was abolished in North Carolina by the Canby 
Constitution in 1868. It existed in Etngland, it was the 
principal court of the people in Colonial times, and was con- 
tinued by the State. It was presided over by the justices of 
the peace of the county. When Hertford County was estab- 
lished in 1759 the act provided that this court should be 
held by the justices of the Peace on the fourth Tuesdays of 
May, August, November and February of each year, at Cot- 
ton's Ferry, on Chowan Eiver, which is now known as Bar- 



34 History of Hebtford County, I^. C. 

field. Under the colonial laws, it had jurisdiction to try 
and determine all criminal offenses, not punishable with 
death, and to try and determine all civil actions not involving 
the title to land, and where the amount involved did not 
exceed forty shillings, proclamation money, all matters per- 
taining to the settlement of estates, the proof of conveyances, 
wills and the like. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

The colonial justices of the peace appointed for Hertford 
Countv after its formation were: Scarbrook Wilson, Henrv 
King, Jesse Hare, John Brown, John Baker, Henry Hill, 
John Brickie, Robert Sumner, Henry Winborne, Peter West, 
and Robert Hardy. 

They were appointed by the General Assembly for life or 
during good behavior, as were all justices of the peace in 
Xorth Carolina prior to 1868. Whenever any important 
county business was to be transacted, such as levying taxes, 
electing county officers, and accepting their bonds, making 
contracts for the county, and the like, a majority of the 
justices were required to be present and preside. But other 
business could be transacted by three justices. 

The office of justice of the peace has its origin in ancient 
times, and has always been regarded as a dignified, honorable 
and important position. Peace is the very end and founda- 
tion of civil society, as Blackstone writes, and the common 
laAv of England, as well as the American law, has ever had a 
special care and regard for the preservation of the peace of 
society. This officer has been found necessary, through the 
ages, and is to-day, an indispensable officer in the administra- 
tion of justice and the orderly enforcement of the laws of 
society. It is a position of great honor and importance, and 
every man sliould feel highly honored when clothed with the 
dignified and important powers and authority of a justice of 
the peace. At common law a justice of the peace had the 
power, when a felony or a breach of the peace had been com- 
mitted in his presence, to personally arrest the offender, or 



Decade L— 1760-1770. 35 

command others to do so, and had the same power to prevent 
a breach of the peace, which was about to take place in his 
presence. If, however, the crime was not committed in the 
presence of the justice, he could not arrest or order an arrest^ 
except by his written warrant, based upon oath or affirmation. 
Such is still the law wherever this office exists. The Consti- 
tution of the United States directs that "no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirma- 
tion." 

The justice or magistrate was the king's main reliance for 
the preservation of order, and in America he has been the 
principal officer in the administration of the laws of organ- 
ized society. 

CONSTABLES. 

The office of constable is another important office, finding 
its origin in the remote days of antiquity. The constable 
has always been the ministerial officer of the justice's court. 
He must act whenever commanded by the justice, when act- 
ing within his jurisdiction. 

In Iforth Carolina, prior to 1868, the counties were divided 
into military districts, called captain's districts^ and in each 
district was a militia captain, and a constable, appointed by 
the justices of the peace of the county. 

It has been impossible to ascertain the names of any of the 
constables during this decade. But the other county officers 
may be found in the "List of Officers" in the back part of 
this book. 

SOME INTERESTING FACTS. 

During the colonial times the Assembly selected a list of 
persons, in each county, qualified for jury service, and only 
freeholders were selected. In 1740 the following persons 
were selected for Bertie, some of whom were cut off in 1759 
into Hertford, and became ancestors of many of our citizens, 
viz. : Thomas Jenkins, John Worrell, Benj. Hill, Daniel 
Dickinson, Edw. Harrell, Abner Harrell, William Hines, 



36 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Thomas Barfield, John Taylor, ^N'ich. Tyner, Jr.,; John 
Brown, Samuel Harrell, Patrick Carter, Isaac Parker, Edw. 
Harrell, Jr., William Barfield, John Bird, Edward Bird, 
William Rosberry, William Jordan, William Boon, James 
Rutland, Sr., Peter West, Thomas Hayes, James Barfield, 
Benj. Wynne, Richard Barfield, Thomas Banks, John Grif- 
fin, John Beverly, Henry Jones, James Maney, Joseph 
Bridgers, Nathan Joyner, John Vanpelt, Daniel Vanpelt, 
Robert Lawrence, James Jones, Benj. Bridges, William 
Whitley, Jamas Dukes, Josiah Liverman, David Legatt, 
John Harrell, Sr., and John Harrell, Jr. In Chowan Coun- 
ty there were on the jury list of same date, John^ Vann, Wil- 
liam Vann, Edw. Hare, Moses Hare, Henry Baker, and 
Michael Slaughter. The last four became citizens of Hert- 
ford County. Most of these names are familiar names in 
Hertford County to-day. 

COIiONIAL MINISTERS. 

Rev. Matthias Brickie, Rev. Wm. Gurley, and Rev. John 
Alexander, of whom King Greorge II. wrote, "He is a curious 
and eccentric genious, but true to his church.^' 

MILITIA IN HERTFORD. 

In 1766, there were in Hertford County 1,393 white men 
over 18 years of age, capable of bearing arms. At the gen- 
eral muster of the Hertford Reg. of Militia, May 28, 1772, 
Col. Benj. Wynns made the following report: 

"Since last muster day, Lt.-Col. Henry Hill, Capt. Michael 
Ward, and Capt. Emelius Doming have died. Capt. Sam. 
Cryer has removed from the county. Commissioned officers 
in the regiment are: Benj. Wynns, Col.; John Baker, 
Maj. ; James Boon, Capt. ; John Harrell, Lt. ; Benj. Wynns, 
Jr., Ens. ; Edw. Hare, Capt. ; Henry King, Lt. ; Isaac Pipkin, 
Ens.; Robert Sumner, Capt; John Speight, Lt; James 
Hooker, Elns. ; Moses Sumner, Capt. ; Willis Nichols, Lt. ; 
Gilstrap Williams, Ens. ; Benj. Brown, Lt. ; George Wynns, 



Decade L— 1760-1770. 37 

Ens. ; Jeremiak Brown, Capt. ; Ely Eley, Lt ; Abram Jones, 
Ens. ; James Riddick, Capt. ; John Benton, Lt. ; Demsey 
Parker, Ens. ; Lawrence Baker, Oapt. ; Jethro Harrell, Lt. ; 
Jesse Harrell, Ens. ; Jesse Williams, Lt. ; Hardy Murf ree. 
Ens. ; Robert Garr, Lt. ; Wm. Stephen, Ens. Officers recom^ 
mended to vacancies : John Baker, Lt-Col. ; Matthias Bric- 
kie, Maj. ; Benj. Brown, Capt ; George Wynns, Lt. ; Benj. 
Brown, Jr., Ens. ; Jesse Williams, Capt. ; Hardy Murfree, 
Lt. ; James Moore, Ens. ; Robert Carr, Oapt. ; William Ste- 
vens, Lt. ; William Battle, Ens. Non-commissioned officers : 
30 sergeants, 30 corporals. 10 drummers, 621 privates, 10 
companies." 




DECADE 11. 

1770-1780. 

From 1770 to 1775 the Province was in a state of the 
greatest excitement. The colonists felt that the mother coun- 
try was cruel and oppressive. Governor Tryon had been a 
most tyrannical ruler. His previous cruelty to the Cherokee 
Indians won for him the appellation of the "Great Wolf of 
Xorth Carolina." The colonists began to entertain the same 
notion of him. When the English Parliament insisted upon 
enforcing the Stamp Act in the colonies, and refused to 
listen to the eloquent appeals of William Pitt (Lord Chat- 
ham) in behalf of the colonies, who were being taxed with- 
out their consent, and when it became known in North Caro- 
lina, the Assembly was in session. The excitement among 
the members became intense and threatening. Governor 
Tryon, recognizing the fury ahead, prorogued the Assembly 
at once. The act was finally repealed, but the feeling be- 
tween the mother country, the Governor and the colony was 
such that war was inevitable. The King and Parliament 
continued their cruelty and refused to listen to the just ap- 
peals of the colonies. They began to prepare for war. In 
1773, John Harvey, Speaker of the House of Commons, laid 
before the House resolutions from Virginia and several other 
Provinces, asking that a committee be appointed to inquire 
into the encroachments upon the rights and liberties of the 
colonies by the British Government. The Assembly did so. 
In August, 1774, Grovernor Martin protested against these 
meetings. But the people refused to listen to tyrants, and 
on August 25, 1774, the first Congress of the people, inde- 
pendent of the King, met at Xew Bern, composed of dele- 
gates from most of the counties. Hertford did not send 
delegates to this congress. When the delegates assembled, 
they recognized His Majesty, George III., as the lawful 
King of Great Britain, and declared their true and faithful 



Decade II.— 1770-1780. 39 

allegiance to him as their sovereign. But protested in twenty- 
seven resolutions adopted against their treatment by the 
mother country, and proclaimed that the very essence of the 
British constitution was that no subject should be taxed but 
by his own consent, freely given by himself in person or by 
his legal representative. The work of this convention was a 
profound warning to the British Government, that the Ameri- 
can colonies, while they claimed no more rights than other 
Englishmen, yet those rights they intended to enjoy. The 
resolutions were sent to the King, who paid no attention to 
them. The colonies seeing that British tyranny would con- 
tinue, councils of safety were at once provided for the whole 
Province, and for the several districts. Gen. Lawrence 
Baker and Day Ridley, of Hertford County, were appointed 
on the Committee of Safety for the Edenton District. The 
preparations and preliminaries for a bloody and determined 
war at once began on both sides. For the resolutions, the 
reader is referred to vol. 9, Col. Rec., pp. 1043 ei seq, Edge- 
combe, Guilford, Surry and Wake counties, and the towns of 
Hillsboro, Brunswick and Campbelton (now Fayetteville), 
also, failed to send delegates to this congress or convention. 
The next congress or convention of delegates of the people 
was held at Hillsboro, August 21, 1775. Hertford sent to 
this convention an able and patriotic delegation, who were, 
Wm. Murfree, Lawrence Baker, Matthias Brickie, Day Rid- 
ley, and George Wynns. Active preparations for war were 
made. Maurice Moore, William Hooper, Richard Caswell, 
Joseph Hewes, and Robert Howe were appointed a committee 
to prepare an address to the inhabitants of the Province, call- 
ing upon them to unite in defence of American liberty, and 
take up arms and assume control of the militia. Col. Rec, 
vol. 10, p. 164. On September, 1775, the following persons 
were appointed by this congress, officers from Hertford 
County: Benjamin Wynns, Colonel; Matthias Brickie, Lt.- 
Col. ; Lawrence Baker, 1st ]Maj. ; George Little, 2d Maj. ; 
Hardy Murfree, Capt. During the war, iLijor Baker was 



40 History of Heetfobd County, N. C. 

promoted to the rank of general, and Captain Murfree pro- 
moted to the rank of major and later to colonel. 

The Provincial Congress next met in the town of Halifax, 
on April 4, 1776. In that body Hertford was represented 
by Robert Sumner, Col. Matthias Brickie, Maj. Lawrence 
Baker, William Murfree, and Day Eidley. Col. Eec., vol. 
10, p. 523. Vast preparations were made by this body for 
the war, and members were pledged to secrecy as to the acts 
and 'discussions in congress, under penalty of being expelled 
and considered an enemy to America. The officers appointed 
in the provincial militia by the congress of August, 1775, 
were re-appointed by this congress with same rank. This 
congress called upon the people to elect delegates to a congress 
to meet November 12, 1776, to prepare a Bill of Rights and a 
constitution for the independent and sovereign State of North 
Carolina. 

Hertford County sent to this congress Maj. Lawrence 
Baker, William Murfree, Robert Sumner, Day Ridley, and 
James Wright. Col. Rec., vol. 10, p. 913. A committee to 
draft the Bill of Rights and a constitution reported, and the 
same was adopted by the congress, and it is a lasting monu- 
ment to the wisdom, patriotism, and ability of the patriots 
of Xorth Carolina in those trying and exciting days. Col. 
Rec., vol. 10, p. 1006. 

The war was against tyranny and for liberty, and had been 
raging for over a year. The first battle was fought at Lex- 
ington, Mass., April 18, 1775, which was won by the British, 
and they moved on to Concord. The country was wild with 
excitement. Americans were determined and loyal to the 
cause of liberty. Disloyalty was promptly crushed. The 
patriotic call to arms was sounded throughout the borders of 
the colonies, and the patriotic hosts of America responded 
with all the courage and determination of true lovers of lib- 

NoTE. — Col. Day Ridley's will dated March 9, 1777, and recorded in 
Edenton. He speaks of his wife and two sons, Timothy Sharp Ridley 
and Nathaniel Ridley. Timothy Sharp and Richard Taylor were his 
executors. 



Decade II.— 1770-1780. 41 

erty. Little Hertford Avas not asleep. She furnished her 
quota of as brave soldiers as ever followed the flag of liberty. 
Who wrote the Constitution of North Carolina which 
was adopted by the congress of November, 1776, has been an 
unsettled question. On the 6th day of December, 1776, 
Thomas Jones, of Chowan, reported that the form of the con- 
stitution was ready. Mr. Wheeler, in his history of the 
State, says : "It was believed to be the production of Thomas 
Jones, Thomas Burke, and Eichard Caswell. But this is dis- 
puted by Hardy Murf ree Banks, of the Murf ree family. He 
sternly claims that it was written by William Murf ree, one of 
the members from Hertford County, although he was not a 
member of the committee of the congress to draw a constitu- 
tion. The Provincial Congress of the State assembled at 
Halifax in April, 1776, appointed a committee to prepare a 
civil constitution, and an election was ordered to be held 
October 15, 1776, to elect delegates to a congress to meet 
November 12, 1776, at Halifax, to adopt a constitution and 
form of government. It was during this interval, it is 
claimed, that William Murfree prepared his form of a consti- 
tution. Others did the same. All of them were submitted 
to the congress when it met. It is claimed by this distin- 
guished gentleman that all the forms submitted were re- 
jected except the one drawn by William Murfree, and that 
one was finally adopted by the congress. 

SOME OF THE HEETFOED COUNTY OFFICEES AND SOLDIEES IN 
THE WAE FOE INDEPENDENCE IN ADDITION TO THOSE 

ALEEADY NAMED. 

Godwin Cotton, aide-de-camp of Col. Howe, of Chowan; 
Col. Thomas Wynns, Maj. George Wynns; Maj. George Lit- 
tle ; Capt. Abner Perry, of St. John's ; Capt. Joseph Walker, 
of Murf reesboro ; Capt. Isaac Carter; Capt. Thomas Cole- 
man, of Maney's Xeck; Capt. Thomas Brickie, of Winton; 
Capt. James Jones, of Pitch Landing; Capt. Samuel Jones, 
of St. John's ; Capt. Harry Hill, of Maney's ISTeck ; Lt. John 



42 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Winbome, of Winton; Lt. John Baker, of Harrellsville ; 
Henry Winborne, of Winton ; Joseph Dickinson, of Winton ; 
Lt. Wm. Murray, Capt. John McGlaughon, Lt. John Harrell. 

There were other officers from the county. Some were 
killed, and others advanced in rank. Some who entered as 
privates were promoted. It is impossible to give the names 
of all of Hertford's sons, as the old records do not name the 
counties from which the soldiers enlisted. i 

The following are a few additional names, contained in j 

one of Col. Hardy Murfree's reports: Matthias Brickie,. 
Ens. ; John Burton, Adjt. ; Benj. Baker, David Boon, Wil- 
liam Butler, Giles Carter, Caesar Chavis, John Duke, Thomas 
Davidson, Boble Gay, Thomas Green, James Hall, Kinchen 
HoUomon, Richard Johnson, Barnaby Johnson, Jesse Knight, 
William Knott, Thomas Lassiter, Jacob Lassiter, Dr. Wil- 
liam Lewis, Lewis Lilly, John Morgan, Moses Manley, Mich- 
sel McKeel, Nottingham Monk, Southam Manley, Marma- 
duke Moore, James Morgan, Thomas Pierce, Exum Powell, 
James Pierce, Stephen Ray. 

Hertford County furnished ten companies of true soldiers 
to the war. The county should seek to have a complete roster 
of her troops. 

The American people were true and loyal subjects to the 
mother country. They loved the old land, its traditions, its 
history, and its families. But they could not supinely sub- 
mit to the wrongs and exactions of a bigoted aristocracy. 
The colonies took up arms against the old country because 
they were forced to do so. The American people did not 
belong to a servile race. They breathed the spirit of liberty 
and of freedom. The courage, bravery, valor, suffering, and 
love of freedom of the Continental soldiers have never been 
surpassed in the history of the world. They were the true 
sons of liberty. Patrick Henry, of Virginia — the immortal 
Patrick! — when he exclaimed jnst before the battle of Lex- 
ington, Mass., which was the first battle of the war, that "the 
war is inevitable and let it come. The next gale that sweeps 



Decade II.— 1770-1780. 48 

from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding 
arms/' etc. — ^met with a hearty echo and re-echo in the hearts 
of the American people. These patriots looked to God for 
help. And while the ways of God are mysterious, yet when 
they attack, they are like a thunderbolt. Quoting from 
Ridpath : "The love of freedom was intense, and hostility to 
tyranny a universal passion" with North Carolinians. In 
the time of Sothel, it was said of the iforth Carolinians 
"that they would not pay tribute even to Caesar." 

The soldiers in the War of 1776-1782 from Hertford made 
a proud record. There were Tories within our borders, as in 
other counties, but her true sons won laurels on the fields of 
battle, in the war for freedom from the British yoke of op- 
pression. 

William Murfree, of whom we have written, was a gentle- 
man of great prominence and experience in governmental 
affairs during the colonial days, leading up to the war, and 
a patriot. He furnished to his county, his State, and to the 
American army, a son, who made a record that will perpetu- 
ate the fame of Hertford County until the end of historic 
time. This son was Col. Hardy Murfree, who entered the 
Continental Army as captain, afterwards promoted to the 
rank of major, and later to colonel, on account of the most 
gallant service to his country. The revolutionary history of 
North Carolina, yea, of America, would be incomplete with- 
out the sublime military record of this great man. He was 
in command of the North Carolina troops in some of the 
most bloodv and decisive battles of the war. He was in 
command of the troop-s in the campaigns in Pennsylvania 
and New York in 1778 and 1770. After the Americans had 
been defeated in the first engagement at Stony Point on the 
Hudson, in New York, General Wayne determined to make 
an effort to retake it from the enemy. It looked like a hope- 
less task, and to attempt it would be like walking in the mouth 
of hell. The fort was thoroughly fortified and garrisoned, 
and with a full-armed force on the inside. General Wayne 



44 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

called for Col. Hardy Murfree, with his North Carolina 
band of patriots to make the assault. Col. Hardy Murfree 
agreed to lead in the forlorn hope of attacking the fort in 
the dark hours of the night. General Wayne was about a 
mile off. Major Murfree, with forty brave and undaunted 
North Carolinians, advanced along the deadly causeway and 
hillside to reach the side of the fort where the enemy were 
not on the lookout. Shortly before midnight, with unloaded 
guns and fixed bayonets, through a storm of cannon shot and 
musketry, the gallant band of continentals, with Murfree in 
the lead, without firing a gun, scaled the heights of the fort 
and quietly entered the fort and captured every British sol- 
dier who had not been bayonetted in the assault General 
Wayne and the body of his army was about a mile off, and he 
received a wound in the head. Some few of Murf ree's brave 
band were also wounded. This was one of the most brilliant 
feats of arms during the whole war, and filled both armies 
and the two countries with wonder and admiration. Major 
Murfree's heroic conduct, gallantry, and soldierly daring on 
this occasion is referred to by General Wayne in a letter to 
John Jay, with great appreciation. Major Murfree and his 
birave and fearless soldiers Avere like the Saxons, of whom 
Sidonius, the Bishop of- Clermont, wrote as follows : "They 
overcome all who have the courage to oppose them. They 
surprise all who are so imprudent as not to be prepared for 
their attack. When they pursue, they inevitably overtake: 
when they are pursued, their escape is certain. They despise 
danger. Tempests, which to others are dreadful, to them are 
subjects of joy." 

Murfree was commissioned lieutenant^colonel, April 1, 
1778. Lt. John Winborne, of Hertford County, who was 
under the command of Colonel Murfree and was one of the 
brave forty continentals, died from a wound received in this 

* Note. — Some writers fix the number at 80. While Maj. Murfree was 
moving in the rear Gen. Wayne and Col. DeFleury assaulted the Fort 
from other directions. The British lost in the engagement 63 killed and 
543 captured. The Americans lost 15 killed and 83 wounded. 



Decade IL— 1770-1780. 45 

miraculous feat of daring soldiers. Henry Winbome, of the 
same county, the oldest known North Carolina Winbome, and 
the great-grandfather of Maj. S. D. Winborne, and who en- 
listed in the Continental Army in Capt. Jos. Walker^s com- 
pany, May 24, 1777, was also one of the immortal forty, 
who was willing to throw himself in the jaws of death to save 
the honor of his country. He came out, with his leader, Col- 
onel Murfree, unhurt. We imagine that we can see this 
strong, courageous and patriotic old private, climbing the 
heights of the fort, and with his bayonet-spiked rifle, weeding 
his way through the enemy. 

Colonel Murfree, who lived in Murf reesboro, married, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1780, Sarah, the accomplished daughter of Col. 
Matthias Brickie, of Hertford County, and reared three chil- 
dren — one daughter, who married a Mr. Burton, and two 
sons, Matthias Brickie Murfree and William Hardy Murfree. 

Mrs. Burton and her husband, and Matthias B. Murfree, 
moved to Tennessee, where they settled. William H. Mur- 
free married Elizabeth M. Maney, of Murfreesboro, his 
native town, remained in Murfreesboro until about 1823, 
when he moved to Tennessee. 

Maj. John Brown, of St. John's, a retired British navy 
oflScer, immigrated to America some years before the war, 
and settled in the St. John's section in Hertford County, 
and married before the war another of the daughters of Col. 
Matthias Brickie. He was an uncompromising Tory. He 
was too old to enter the war, but had several sons. His son 
John Brown, Jr., did not share his father's sentiments, but 
was a loyal and patriotic continental. His father was so 
bitter in his opposition to his son's sympathies, that the latter 
went to Virginia and joined a Virginia company, and fought 
under the command of Gen. La Fayette. When the war was 
over he returned to his father's home, but the old gentleman 
was so unforgiving and so unreconstructed, that young John 
Brown left and made his home in Georgia, and is the ancestor 
of some of Georgia's most distinguished people. 



46 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

During the earlier days of the war, Col. Benj. Wynns, of 
Hertford County, the great-grandfather of our Col. James 
M. Wyhns, was in command of the continental troops at 
iforfolk, Va., and there met Governor Dunmore, the former 
British governor of Virginia, who was in command of the 
British forces. In a conflict between the two armies. Colonel 
Wynns succeeded in driving Dunmore back in a speedy re- 
treat. After the victorious campaign of Colonel Wynns' 
forces around Xorfolk, he returned through the Albemarle 
section, which had been in a great state of excitement on 
account of the threatened invasion of that section by the 
unscrupulous Dunmore and his army, and he (Colonel 
W^ynns) was met with great rejoicing among the people and 
was rewarded with the unbounded praises of the Americans 
along his route. Our Hertford County soldiers fought for 
the cause of liberty, not only on the soil of Pennsylvania, 
Xew York, and Virginia, but also on the soil of South Caro- 
lina, on her own soil, and finally at Yorktown, when Corn- 
wallis surrendered his arms. 

The war ended in 1782. But the British were still mad. 
God was with the oppressed, and it seems that He has touched 
the Stars and Stripes with His holy hand. 

The war between the British Government and tlie Ameri- 
can colonies for liberation of the colonies from the British 
Crown was the most important war and produced grander 
results than all the previous wars of recorded time. It was 
the Greater Magna Charter of the world. 

The Americans were taught to beware of the Englishmen. 
Eternal vigilance became the watchword of the American 
people. A strong militia was kept organized, and the best 
navy that the government was able to support was kept 
equipped, for action against the old enemy. It was during 
this period when the American victories were being closely 
guarded, that some of her younger sons were advanced in 
her well-organized militia and State troops, and received 
their militarv titles. 



Decade IL— 1770-1780. 47 

While the war was raging, the State of North Carolina 
kept up the legislative branch of its government. Kichard 
Caswell was elected Governor of the State by the convention 
of Xovember, 1776, and continued in office until 1779. Hert- 
ford was represented in the Senate in 1777, 1778 and 1779 
by her grand old bachelor of St. John's, Robert Sumner. 
And in the House of Commons in 1777 by Joseph Dickinson, 
an Irishman, who came among us in 1740, and the father of 
the late eminent son of the county, Gen. Joseph F. Dickinson, 
and by Joseph Garrett, who lived on the north side of Chowan 
River, and who represented Gates County in the House in 
1780. In 1778, by William Baker, a brother of Gen. Law- 
rence Baker, and James Maney, the second, of Maney's Neck. 
And in 1779 by William Wynns, a great-uncle of James M. 
Wvnns. William Wvnns lived west of Winton, at the James 
Jordan place, the parental home of Mrs. A. I. Parker, of 
Winton, and by Xathan Cotton, who also lived near Winton. 
These sessions of the General Assembly were held under the 
new Bill of Rights and new Constitution, adopted in Novem- 
ber, 1776. The Constitution provided for a General Assem- 
bly, to be com|x>sed of a Senate and a House of Commons. 
It will not be amiss to copy a few sections of this famous 
document. 

^^1. That the legislative authority shall be vested in two 
distinct branches, both dependent on the people, to-wit, a 
Senate and a House of Commons. 

"2. That the Senate shall be composed of representatives, 
annually chosen by ballot, one from each county in the State. 

"3. That the House of Commons shall bo composed of rep- 
resentatives annually chosen by ballot, two from each county, 
and one for each of the towns of Edenton, New Bern, Wil- 
mington, Salisbury, Hillsborough, and Halifax." 

A senator was required to have usually resided in the 
county for at least one year immediately preceding his elec- 
tion, and the owner of 300 acres of land in fee. 

Note. — William Wynns married Zilpha Blanchard January 2, 1752. 



48 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

A member of the House was required to have usually re- 
sided in the county for at least one year preceding his election, 
and have possessed 100 acres of land in fee for at least six 
months prior to his election. 

Only freeholders, 21 years of age, owning 50 acres of land, 
and who had been citizens of the county for twelve months 
immediately preceding the day of election, were allowed to 
vote for a senator. All freemen, 21 years of age, who had 
resided in the county 12 months immediately preceding elec- 
tion day, and who had paid his taxes were allowed to vote for 
a member of the House of Commons. 

The General Assembly elected the Grovernor and other 
State oflBcers, and appointed the Justices of the Peace for 
the counties, who held their offices for life or during good 
behavior. In 1779 the county of Gates was formed out of 
Hertford, Chowan and Perquimans. All that part of Hert- 
ford County bounded by Bennett's Creek, the southern boun- 
dary of Virginia, and the Chowan Kiver was made a part of 
Gates, and all of Chowan and Perquimans counties lying 
north of Catharine and Warwick Creeks was, also, placed in 
the new county of Gates. 

By this use of the political knife, Hertford County lost 
some of her most valued citizens. For the county officers 
during this period, see List of Officers of the county, in the 
back of the volume. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

After North Carolina became a sovereign State the Gen- 
eral Assembly, on December 28, 1778, appointed the follow- 
ing justices of the peace for Hertford County: Col. Mat- 
thias Brickie, Maj. George Little, Gen. Lawrence Baker, 
James Wright, William Murfree, James Boone, John Har- 
rell, John Northcott, James Eiddick, Edward Hare, Josiah 
Sumner, and Benj. Brown, Esquires. 




RICUAKI) WINHORNE. 
Youngest Son of EUfha Wlnborne. and Grsndaon of Thonii 
anil great grandson of Heniy WlnbocDe, 
IHed tn Itm 111 LaCtaage. Tenn. aged 33. 



Decade II.— 1770-1780. 49* 

GATES COUNTY. 

In the year 1779 the county of Gates was carved out of 
Hertford, Chowan and Perquimans counties, taking from 
Hertford all that part of her territory lying north of Chowan 
River, and between said river, the southern boundary of 
Virginia, and Bennett's Creek. This took from Hertford 
County some of her distinguished men, such as Gen. Lawrence 
Baker, John B. Baker, James Garrett, and many others of 
her most distinguished families, and men who had given lus- 
ter to her history. Thereafter William Wynns and Henry 
Winborne were added to the list of the justices for Hertford 
County. Wynns resigned in 1783, and Thomas Winborne, 
the son of Henry Winborne, was appointed. In 1789, Henry 
Winborne and his son, Thomas Winborne, were among the 
justices selected to hold the county courts. Henry was then 
in his 69th year and Thomas in his 32d year. 

COURTS OF GENERAL JURISDICTION. 

In 1774, the colonial assembly established in the Province 
a Court of Oyer and Terminer, to be presided over by the 
Chief Justice and two other justices of the Province. This 
court was given general jurisdiction to try all matters and to 
hear appeals from other courts. The terms of this court for 
Chowan, Perquimans, Pasquotank, Currituck, Bertie, Tyr- 
rell, Hertford, and Martin counties, were held in Edenton on 
the first days of July and January of each year. Hon. John 
Montgomery, of Tyrrell, who was for a long while Attorney- 
General in the Province, was appointed Chief Justice by the 
King to succeed Chief Justice Wm. Smith in 1740, who had 
returned to England. Montgomery was succeeded as Attor- 
ney-General by Jos. Anderson, Esq., of Chowan, and as 
Chief Justice by Geo. Berry. The latter in 1767 was suc- 
ceeded by Martin Howard. Chief Justice Maurice Moore 
and Kichard Henderson as Associate Justice presided at the 
sessions of the new court. This court was superseded, in 
1806, by the Superior Court, two terms of which were re- 

4 



50 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

quired to be held annually at the court-house in each county. 
The first term of the Superior Court ever held in Hertford 
County, was held in Winton in September, 1806, and pre- 
sided over by Judge David Stone, of Bertie County. Prior 
to the establishment in 1774 of the Court of Oyer and Termi- 
ner, there was no court of general jurisdiction in the Prov- 
ince. The former Superior Court was abolished in 1773, 
on account of trouble between Governor Josiah Martin and 
the Assembly. The Superior Court for each county still ex- 
ists in North Carolina, presided over by a district judge, and 
the criminal docket prosecuted on behalf of the State by a 
district solicitor, except that the attorney-general of the State 
was required to perform the duties of solicitor in the third 
district, in which Wake County was located, up to 1868. 
After that date a solicitor was required to be elected in each 
district. W. IST. H. Smith, of Hertford County, succeeded 
David Outlaw, of Bertie County, as Solicitor of the district 
in 1847, and Smith was succeeded in 1857 by Elias C. Hines 
of Chowan. Hines was succeeded in 1863 by Jesse J. Yeates, 
of Hertford, and Yeates was succeeded in 1867 by Mills L. 
Eure, of Gates. The judges and solicitors, prior to 1868, 
were elected by the General Assembly; since that date they 
have been elected by the people. The Superior Court judges 
have always been required in North Carolina to rotate and 
hold the courts of a different district each spring and fall, 
except the period between July, 1868, and 1876. Since 
1868, Hertford County has not been allowed to remain in 
any judicial district long enough for any of her sons to aspire 
to judicial honors in the district. 

From 1773 until after the Kevolutionary War, there were 
but little court facilities for the people. The country was in 
a state of chaos and uncertainty, as it was during the Civil 
War between the States, from 1861-1866, that trials of civil 
matters between citizens were almost absolutely suspended,- 
and only matters pertaining to the public welfare occupied 
the attention of the people. 



Decade 11.-1770-1780. 



51 




I.AWREliaE BAKEB. 

In the colonial and Revolu- 
tionary times of the American 
colonies, Hertford Coimty'a 
sons ranked with the best of 
the land. If space would per- 
mit it would afford the author 
wonderful pride to write the 
biography of each of her great 
men. He has read so much 
about these patriots, that he 
feels that he lived ■with them 
^^^^-^- and 3aw them in all their 

grandeur. But we are compelled to content ourselves with 
a brief notice of them. 

Among that galaxy of patriots and high-born gentlemen, 
none stood out more prominent than Glen. Lawrence Baker, 
whose principal home and plantation was located in thai 
part of Hertford County lying north of Chowan River, at 
Buckland, not far from the present town of Gateaville. 

Gen. Lawrence Baker. sprang from a long line of noble an- 
cestors. In 1644, Laivrence Baker came from the old coun- 
try and settled in Surry County, Va. He served in the 
House of Burgesses from 1660-1676, and died in 1681, leav- 
ing a son, Henry, who settled in Isle of Wight County, Va., 
and there died in 1713, leaving also a son, Henry, who lived 
at Buckland, in Chowan County, N. C, but which was cut 
off into Hertford County when it was established in 1759. 
His wife was Miss Angelico Bray. At his deaUi in 1739, 
his son Henry became the owner of Buckland. This Henry 
married Katharine Booth, of Southampton County, Va., and 
also lived and died, in 1770, at the old Buckland homestead, 
leaving surviving four sons — William, Henry, Bray, and 
■Lawrence. Henry and Bray died young without ever marry- 
ing, so far aa we can learn. William, under the old law of 



52 History of Hertford County, JST. C. 

primogeniture, inherited the old home, Buckland, and mar- 
ried Judith !Xorfleet, the daughter of our oldest Marmaduke 
Norfleet. They left children. Lawrence Baker became the 
owner of ^^Cole's Hill" plantation, not far from Buckland, 
then in Hertford County, and married Anne Jones, daugh- 
ter of Capt. Albrighton Jones, of Southampton County, Ya. 
Captain Jones came from Wales and married the daughter 
of Col. Charles Simmons, of England. Gen- Lawrence 
Baker left one son by this marriage, Dr. Simmons J. Baker, 
who afterwards became distinguished in this State as Senator 
from Martin County, and two daughters — ^Elizabeth and 
Agatha. His first wife having died, he married Maria Bur- 
gess, a daughter of Rev. Thomas Burgess, an Englishman, 
who lived in this country at different times, in Southampton 
and Nansemond Counties, Va., and in Halifax County, IN". C. 
General Baker left by this marriage one son. Dr. John Bur- 
gess Baker, and one daughter, Martha Susanna Baker. While 
the General's plantation and home was at "Cole's Hill," he 
spent much of his time around Murfree's Landing. After 
he was cut off into Gates County in 1779, he continued his 
visits to the old place of his many joys in the palmy days 
of his useful manhood. 

Buckland was first claimed by l^ansemond or Upper Nor- 
folk County, Va., but the survey of the boundary line be- 
tween the Provinces of Virginia and ^North Carolina in 1727 
threw it in Chowan Precinct, K". C. In 1759 it was in Hert- 
ford, and in 1779 it was included in the boundaries of Gates 
County. 

General Baker was one of Hertford's delegates to the Hills- 
boro Convention of August 21, 1775, and he and Day Ridley, 
of Hertford, were appointed on the Committee of Safety in 
the Edenton District He was also one of her delegates to 
the Halifax Congress of April 4, 1776, and by that body 
appointed First Major in the Continental Army, and was 
again a delegate from his county in the Congress of Novem- 
ber 12, 1776, that framed and adopted the first Bill of 



Decade II.— 1770-1780. 53 

Eights and first Constitution of the State. In all of these 
important patriotic bodies his wise counsel was of the great- 
est value. During the session of the Congress of November, 
1776, he was excused from further service, that he might 
engage in the active duties of an officer on the battle fields. 
In 1778 he, with other such men, was named by the Assem- 
bly of his State as one of the Justices of the Peace of his 
county. The best men in these days filled these places. He 
much regretted being cut off from his native county. He 
loved the name of Hertford. 

After the war he was made General in the State Troops, 
which office he held for some years. The last office he filled 
was Clerk of the Court in Gates County, which office he was 
filling when he died, about 1806. During the same time 
Gen. Isaac Pipkin, of Gates, was Public Register. He still 
has a granddaughter, Mrs. Susan J. Myrick, living in Mur- 
freesboro, and grandsons. Dr. Richard Baker, of Hickory, 
N. C, and Gen. Lawrence S. Bakfer, of Suffolk, Va., whose 
likeness appears above. The latter was one of the famous 
generals of the late Confederate States Army, and a grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Edw. Xeal, now of Washington, N. C. ; all of 
whom are over 84 years of age and yet are active and in full 
possession of all of their faculties. His grandson, William J. 
Baker, late of Norfolk, Va., has children living in that city. 

Dr. Simmons J. Baker resided in Martin County, N. C. 
He was educated in Scotland, and was an eminent physician 
and a wise and intelligent legislator from that county. He 
was in the House of Commons from Martin County in 1814 
and 1815, and in the Senate in 1816, 1817 and 1818. 

Dr. John B. Baker married Mary Wynns Gregory, and 
resided at his father's place in Gates County, and repre- 
sented that county in the House of Commons in 1811 and in 
the Senate in 1818, 1820 and 1822. 



DECADE III. 

1780-1790. 

The war is still raging. General Cornwallis, with his 
army in South Carolina, is winning victories over the Con- 
tinentals, uiider the command of General Gates. Cruel 
Tarleton is murdering prisoners. The American nation is 
almost bankrupted; the Continental soldiers are poorly clad 
and fed, and they are gloomy. General Greene is put in 
command of the Continentals in the South, in place of Gen- 
eral Gates, South Carolina and Georgia are in possession 
of the British, who are cruel and oppressive to the people* 
The British next invade North Carolina. The first battle 
occurs October 7, 1780, on King^s Mountain, and Colonel 
Campbell, with his Continentals, wins a great victory. This 
encouraged the Americans. Active war then ceased for two 
or three months. The Continentals rested and became ready 
to renew the conflict. Benedict Arnold, who had been made 
Major-General by Congress in 1777, after the battles of 
^^Bemis^ Heights," turned traitor, was court-martialed, con- 
victed and severely reprimanded by General Washington. 
Afterwards he was allowed to command the American troops 
at West Point He soon again traitorously arranged with 
Sir Henry Clinton to surrender West Point, its garrisons 
and stores, to the British, in consideration of 10,000 pounds 
and a promise of being made a Brigadier-General in the 
British Army. His plans were frustrated, but he made his 
escape on the Vulture^ an English war vessel. Great Brit- 
ain was not only involved in trouble with the Colonies, but 
was in disfavor with France, and also became involved in 
trouble with the Dutch government. General Greene, after 
the battle of King's Mountain, and after resting his men and 
recruiting, his army, divided it into two divisions : the West- 
ern Division was placed under the command of General Mor- 



Decade 111.-1780-1790. 65 

gan, who proceeded to pursue Comwallis and Colonel Tarle- 
ton in South Carolina, and the British met inglorious defeat 
in every engagement. The two" armies next encountered at 
Guilford Court-house, and the Americans again won. 

Comwallis becoming disheartened, leaves for Virginia soil. 
The Continentals continue the pursuit and struggle until 
Comwallis, on October 18, 1781, surrendered to the trium- 
phant Continental Army. On the next day the terms of 
surrender were signed, and General Comwallis led the whole 
British Army out of the trenches around Yorktown into an 
open field, "where, in the presence of the allied ranks of 
France and America, 7,247 English and Hessian soldiers and 
840 sailors laid down their arms, delivered their standard 
and became prisoners of war." The British still have con- 
trol of South Carolina and Georgia. The King^s army evac- 
uated Savannah July 11, 1782, and Charleston December 
14, 1782. Thus ended the great war for liberty. 

Preliminary Articles of Peace between Great Britain and 
the United States were executed November 30, 1782, at 
Paris. On September 3, 1783, a Snal treaty of peace was 
entered into at Paris between all the warring nations. In 
"The Treaty of 1783" the American States were recognized 
as independent soveredgn States. Great Britain re-ceded 
Florida to Spain, and all the remaining territory east of the 
Mississippi River and south of the Great Lakes was sur- 
rendered to the United States. The boundaries of the Caro- 
linas extended from the Atlantic to the Mississippi River. 
The thirteen original States covered all of this territory. 
This territory of land has been subdivided into States, until 
we now have embraced within the borders of the first thirteen 
States the following additional States: Tennessee, Missis- 
sippi, Alabama, Kentucky, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, 
Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, Vermont and Maine. The 
State of Florida was ceded to the United States by Spain 
in 1819. 



56 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

After the Treaty of Peace there arose the momentous ques- 
tions with the victorious Americans of securing and retain- 
ing the results of their struggles, and of forming a general 
government between the States for their mutual protection. 

Liberty, like the Goddess of Justice, needs to be guarded. 
Eternal vigilance is to be the watchword of the Grod-favored 
Americans. The property of the Tories and traitors is to be 
seized to help pay the great war debt with which the coun- 
try was burdened. The wisest statesmanship was needed. 
The old Articles of Confederation between the States were 
too loosely drawn in 1776 to afford the protection needed 
by the States. The sovereign States were willing to join in 
a close compact, but were jealous of the plans of some of the 
leaders. They had been once pinioned to the British gov- 
ernment, and they were careful how they pledged their rights. 
The Congress of the United States, which was holding its 
sessions under the Articles of Confederation, drew up a 
Declaration of Rights and a Constitution for the thirteen 
American States, and submitted it to the States for adop- 
tion. 

As before stated, this is not intended to be a general his- 
tory, so the reader should refer to some general history for a 
more accurate detail of the movements of the country during 
this period. 

Xorth Carolina called a convention to meet in Hillsbor- 
ough on the 21st day of July, 1788, to consider the Bill of 
Eights and Constitution, drawn for the American States to 
adopt and ratify. This convention was composed of 288 
members. Hertford County sent as her delegates Maj. 
George Wynns, Gen. Thomas Wynns, Kev. Lemuel Burkitt, 
Maj. William Little and Maj. Samuel Harrell. After an 
exciting session, the Convention refused to adopt the Bill 
of Rights and the Constitution, and adjourned, members 
returning home to consult their constituents. 

The State in 1789 called another convention to meet in 
Fayetteville, on the 2d day of ITovember, 1789, to again 



Decade III.— 1780-1790. 67 

consider whether JSTorth Carolina would join the Union. 
The delegates met. Many of the objections that existed to 
the Bill of Rights and Constitution, submitted in 1788, had 
been removed by amendments, and this Convention ratified 
and adopted the same, and North Carolina became a devoted 
member of the Union. Hertford County sent to this Con- 
vention some of her ablest statesmen — Gen. Thomas Wynns, 
Robert Montgomery, Esq., Col. Hardy Murfree, Henry Hill, 
Esq., and Henry Baker, Esq. North Carolina was next to 
the last of the thirteen original States to join the Union. 
Gov. Samuel Johnson, of Chowan County, was president of 
both conventions. Maj. George Wynns and Gen. Thomas 
Wynns were brothers, and also brothers of Benjamin Wynns, 
Jr., and William Wynns. Thomas was the youngest of the 
four brothers, and was colonel in the latter part of the War 
of 1776-'82. He was made general in the State troops after 
the war. George was first made Major in 1764, in the Colo- 
nial militia. 

Rev. Lemuel Burkitt was a profound and eloquent Kehukee 
Baptist divine, and was one of the ablest men in the Conven- 
tion. He was well versed in the history of the long strug- 
gles of the Baptists and Quakers for Higher Liberty and free- 
dom of conscience, and he pointed out the dangers that might 
follow by an adoption of the Bill of Rights and Constitu- 
tion as then submitted. This grand old man lived near old 
St. John's. Some of his writings on the Old Testament are 
at this day referred to as among the clearest explanations of 
that Great Book. We are unable to give his ancestry. We 
find, however, in 1720 and 1721 and later, the names of 
John Burkitt, Sr., and John Burkitt, Jr., mentioned among 
the inhabitants of the Albemarle section. 

Maj. Samuel Harrell was on the jury list in Bertie in 
1740, and had often served his county in the capacity as 
Clerk of the Court, and was made major in the State troops 
after the war, and resigned the office in 1783. The old vet- 
eran private soldier, Henry Winborne, who was one of the 



58 • HisTOKY OF Hertfobd County, N. 0. 

immortal forty that climbed the walls of the fort at Stony 
Point, was appointed major to succeed Samuel Harrell. Wil- 
liam Little was brother of Maj. George Little, of Maney's 
Neck. Of this family we write in the 5th Decade. A new 
delegation was sent to the second Convention in 1Y89, except 
Gen. Thomas Wynns. 

Kobert Montgomery lived near Montgomery's Mill, in this 
county, and was the owner of that mill. He and his wife 
are buried there at his old homestead. He was a lawyer 
of splendid ability. He was a descendant of John Montgom- 
ery, of Tyrrell County, and afterwards of Edenton. John 
Montgomery was Attorney-General under the King for a 
number of years, and succeeded William Smith as Chief 
Justice about 1740. 

Col. Hardy Murfree was the hero of Stony Point, and a 
great man. He had served his country gallantly in war. 
He served his State as Commissioner of Confiscated Property 
in the Edenton District for ten or more years after the war^ 
and was holding this office when he was in the Convention. 
This was his first civil office. He was an able member of 
the Convention, and was said to be one of the handsomest 
men of his day, and was regarded by his State as one of its 
greatest soldiers, statesmen, and patriots. He was appointed 
also by the Legislature of 1784 as one of the commissioners 
to have the Albemarle Sound cleaned out to lessen the dan- 
gers of commerce. He lived on the hill in Murfreesboro, 
near the river. In 1790 he was the largest slave-holder in 
the county, and his friend, Maj. Henry Winbome, was the 
second (See Census of 1790). For some years they worked 
their slaves together in subduing the forest and cultivating 
the soil, and making and selling tar, pitch, turpentine, and 
tobacco, which were the most profitable enterprises in those 
primeval days of American Statehood. Colonel Murfree^ 
who had received grants of large bodies of land in the terri- 
tory, which afterwards were embraced in the State of Ten- 
nessee, moved to that State from Murfreesboro, in Hertford 



Decade 111.-1780-1790. 59 

County, in 1807, and settled on Murfree's Fork of West 
Harpeth River, near the town of Franklin, Tenn. His wife 
died five years -before he left Hertford County, and he only 
lived about two years after reaching Tennessee. He died in 
1809, and was buried in his adopted soil with great Masonic 
and military form and ceremony. 

On this occasion Gov. Felix Gundy, of Kentucky, delivered 
a most eloquent oration on the life, character, and public ser- 
vices of this great American. The Nashville papers, in 
speaking of the occasion, said : ^^The surrounding hills were 
covered with vast numbers of people, and the awful silence 
which pervaded such an immense crowd evinced the feelings 
of the spectators for the memory and virtues of the deceased. 
Colonel Murfree was said to be really the last survivor who 
commanded a regiment during the Kevolutionaxy War." 

He was the eldest child of William Murfree and wife, 
Mary Murfree, nee Moore. Colonel Murfree's eldest son^ 
William Hardy Murfree, remained in Murfreesboro, N. C, 
and married Miss Elizabeth M. Maney. To this distin- 
guished man we may again make reference. 

Henry Hill lived at his father's old home at Hill's Ferry^ 
on the Meherrin Eiver. His and his father's names, the 
author has found, were sometimes spelt Harry Hill. His 
grandfather was Harry Hill. He owned a large landed 
estate reaching far down the river, taking in the farm of 
Miss Sallie Warren. He had served his people before and 
after this time in places of public trust He had only one 
child, a daughter, who married a lawyer, Harry W. Long, 
who were the maternal grandparents of our George Cowper, 
Esq., of Winton. 

Henry Baker was a brother of John Baker, and they were 
sons of William Baker, of Buckland, nephews of Gen. Law- 
rence Baker, and lived in Winton. Both were strong and 
able men, and ranked with the best. The Bakers of the lower 
part of our county are descendants of these men. 



60 History of Hertford County, "N, C. 

Pleasant Jordan, who represented the county in the Sen- 
ate in 1780, lived near Winton, and was the father of Abner 
Jordan and David Jordan, and the grandfather of the later 
Col. Pleasant Jordan, of Winton. One of his daughters 
married Capt. Abner Perry, of revolutionary fame, and an- 
other one married Capt. James Frazier, the Tory, of Fra- 
zier's Cross Roads, and father of John Hamilton Frazier. 

Abner Jordan by his marriage left two sons, William and 
James. David Jordan married a Miss Kinsey, and they left 
t^^o sons, Kinsey Jordan and Pleasant Jordan, and one 
daughter, Matilda. Kinsey Jordan was for a long time a 
justice of the peace in the county. He was a large and 
portly old bachelor, and greatly enjoyed entertaining his gen- 
tlemen friends. Pleasant Jordan, the second, married the 
daughter of Thomas Weston, of Northampton County. They 
were the parents of the late Dr. Joseph Perry Jordan, Mrs. 
Geo. R. Branch, of Northampton County, and Mrs. Etta P. 
Deloatch, of Northampton, widow of the late James I. De- 
loatch. James Jordan married Miss Mary Williams, and 
they left four sons — Joseph J. Jordan, the late Sheriff of the 
county ; Richard Jordan, who died in Florida ; John Jordan, 
who was killed some years ago by the falling of a tree, and 
William Jordan, of Winton, and two daughters — Pattie, the 
wife of A. I. Parker, Esq., of Winton, one of the County 
Commissioners, a justice of the peace, president of the Far- 
mers and Merchants Bank of Winton, and the pleasant and 
accommodating hotelist at the county seat. This hotel has 
had for its proprietors Joseph F. Dickinson, James. Cope- 
land, W. F. Bynum, Pleasant Jordan, and Joseph J. Jordan. 

James Jordan's other daughter, Mary, married Wade H. 
Garriss, of Murfreesboro. They are both dead, but have two 
daughters living — Mrs. Susan R. Deloatch, of Jackson, N. 
C, and Mrs. John P. Mitchell, of Winton, the parents of 
James R. Mitchell, Esq., a young attorney in the county. • 

David Jordan's daughter Matilda married William Shaw, 
who moved from Bertie County to Hertford about 1830 and 




Decade III.— 1780-1790. 61 

settled near Bethlehem Church. They are dead, but have 
two sons living in the county — John S. Shaw and William P. 
Shaw, merchants in Winton. 

\V. P. Shaw, Esq., is one of 
our most prominent citizens, 
and has been for a number of 
years a leading and useful 
man in the county. He was 
born October 13, 1842. His 
parents were not able to give 
him the edueationaladvantages 
they desired, but he made good 
use of his opportunities. He 
attended the public schools in 
w. V. BHAw, K8Q. j^j^ neighborhood, and the Un- 

ion Male Academy at Ilarrellsville, in his native county, a 
school of high standing, and for years presided over by Prof. 
Edwin Everts, a cultured and scholarly gentleman from Kew 
Hampshire as principal, and Prof, C. E. Lyon as assistant. 
Shaw was a gallant Confederate soldier for three years and 
lieutenant in Capt. AVilliam Sharp's Co, D, Fourth North 
Carolina Cavalry. He was with his company in the Army 
of Northern Virginia in many of the bloody engagements of 
the war, 1861-'65, and remained m the thickest of the fight 
until his great leader, the immortal R. E, Lee, surrendered 
at Appomattox. When he returned in 1865 from the war 
he located in Coleraine, in Bertie County, where he was en- 
gaged in the mercantile business for four years. In Sep- 
tember, 1869, he married Mary R. Askew, daughter of John 
O. and Sarah A. Askew, at Pitch Landing, in his native 
county, and returned to Hertford County and located in 
Winton, where he and his brother John have since been en- 
gaged in the mercantile pursuits. Lieutenant Shaw has three 
children— W. P. Shaw, Jr., Mrs. D. R. Britton, and John A. 
Shaw, by his marriage. In politics Lieutenant Shaw has 
always been an unwavering Democrat He was Mayor of his 



62 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

town from 1873 to 1877, when he resigned to accept the 
position of one of the presiding officers of the Inferior Court 
of his county — a court of limited criminal jurisdiction — 
which position he held with much credit to himself and his 
county until 1886. He was one of the two Senators in the 
General Assembly of the State from the First Senatorial 
District from 1886 to 1890, where he served on a number of 
the most important committees and as chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Education. He was one of the promoters of the 
State Normal College at Greensboro, and for several years 
was one of its directors. As chairman of the Board of Edu- 
cation of his county for several years and as one of the trus- 
tees of the Chowan Baptist Female Institute, he has suc- 
ceeded in making himself a recognized leader in his county. 
Mr. Shaw after the war began the study of law, but aban- 
doned it without obtaining license. He is a refined and 
eourteous gentleman. 

STATE OF FRAI^KLAND. 

Xot long after the close of the War of Independence, 
North Carolina found herself involved in a serious rebellious 
trouble with some of her own citizens. I have heretofore 
spoken of the three political divisions of the State, one of 
which was Clarendon, with only one precinct, New Hanover. 
This county of Clarendon embraced the whole western part 
of North Carolina, and the present State of Tennessee to the 
Mississippi River. A great portion of the land was unknown 
and was only inhabited by savages and wild beasts. At the 
close of the Revolutionary War the United States found 
themselves burdened with a heavy debt, and their creditors 
were somewhat impatient. So Congress called on the States 
to surrender to Congress their unoccupied lands, that they 
might be sold to settlers and granted to creditors, in pay- 
ment of their dehts. North Carolina responded to this pa- 
triotic call. 



Decade III.— 1780-1790. 63 

In April, 1784, the General Assembly at Hillsborough 
passed an act authorizing her delegates in Congress to offer 
a deed for North Carolina's western territory, to help dis- 
charge these obligations. Some of her citizens objected, and 
in August 23, 1784, a convention of the discontents met in 
Jonesboro to take some action about the matter. John Se- 
vier was chosen president, and Langdon Coster was clerk of 
the Convention. This body promptly dispatched a messen- 
ger to Congress to get it to accept the offer of the State and 
to make an independent State of the territory. 

The General Assembly met in October, 1784, and repealed 
the offer to Congress. This exasperated Sevier and his fol- 
lowers, so they met again at Jonesboro December 14, 1784. 
They formed a resolution seceding from !N[orth Carolina, and 
forming the State of Frankland, at once adopted a Constitu- 
tion, had at once a General Assembly organized, declared 
themselves independent, and defied North Carolina. John 
Sevier was made Governor, and Judges and other State of- 
ficers elected, and the like. 

Governor Caswell, in April, 1785, issued his proclamation 
"against this lawless thirst for power," and went vigorously 
at work to crush out the rebellion. After about two years 
the State of Frankland was conquered, the conspirators cap- 
tured, and its rise and fall became a matter of history. And, 
strange to say, this same man Sevier was forgiven and was 
in Congress afterwards from the State. North Carolina 
granted to her soldiers lands in this territory for services in 
the late war. Many of her people went out there to live, and 
when the State of Tennessee was organized and admitted 
into the Union In 1796, it was controlled by former North 
Carolinians. Hertford County furnished her part of the 
best citizenship of the new State. 

John Brickie, who was in the Senate from the county in 
1782, and Thomas Brickie, who was one of the members in 
the House in 1781, 1782, 1783, 1784 and 1786, were broth- 
ers, and sons of John Brickie, to whom Henry Winbome 



64 History of Hertford County, N. C.« 

conveyed, October 15, 1754, 200 acres of land on Meherrin 
Creek. These Brickies were the ancestors of the Brickies of 
Hertford in recent years. 

William Hill, one of the members in the House in 1784 
and 1786, was the elder brother of Henry Hill, who was in 
the House in 1788, and for several years following. They 
were the sons of Capt Harry Hill, of Maney's Neck, an 
officer in the Revolutionary War. William died in Fayette- 
ville in December, 1786, while a member of the House. 

James Maney, one of the members in the House in 1785, 
was a member of the Maney family, whose first settlement in 
this county was at Maney's Ferry on the Chowan River. A 
sketch of this gentleman and his family and his ancestors is 
to be found in Decade VI. 

Col. Hardy Murfree, on his return from the war, was hon- 
ored with a grand ball at the house of Capt. Lewis Meredith 
in Murfreesboro. He had won lasting laurels in the war. He 
was spoken of and written about as a most gallant military 
' officer, patriot, and a great man. The Legislature of 1784 
passed an act directing the . Commissioners of Confiscated 
Lands to proceed to sell the same. Colonel Murfree, the 
Commissioner in the Edenton District, showed great wisdom 
and wonderful discrimination in these cases. The Legisla- 
tures conferred and consulted with him about these matters 
in the State. He moulded public thought throughout the 
State on the many complicated questions growing out of the 
changed conditions of things. 

About December 1, 1790, Sarah Long, of Hertford County, 
widow of the then late I^ehemiah Long, of the same county, 
appealed to the Legislature for relief, and through the great 
magnanimity of this great man, Colonel Murfree, she ob- 
tained her relief. The author wonders if they were the par- 
ents of the old attorney, Harry W. Long? 

In 1787 the Legislature enacted many important laws. 
Among them were acts against gambling ; trading with slaves ; 
for correcting and collating the statutes and laws, by Judge 



Decade IIL— 1780-1790, 65 

Iredell ; for recording deeds for lands, and so on ; for improv- 
ing the navigation of Albemarle and Pamlico Sounds by 
opening Nag's Head Inlet, and to cut the Raleigh Canal in 
Tyrrell County. The commissioners for this purpose were 
Governor Johnson, of Chowan ; Whitmel Hill, John Skinner, 
Josiah Collins, Demsey Connor, Col. Hardy Murfree and 
Gen. Lawrence Baker, of Hertford County, Charles John- 
son, Gen. Isaac Gregory, and othera 

The latter part of this decade records some interesting 
events. Winton, the colonial town and the capital of the 
county, situated on the beautiful Chowan River, about two 
miles below the mouth of the historic Meherrin, which had 
enjoyed the distinction of being the only incorporated town 
in the county for twenty years, was destined to lose much of 
its importance, wealth, and many of its prominent citizens 
by the establishing of the new town of Murfreesborough, at 
Murfree's Landing on the Meherrin River. Restless nature 
in the formation of the earth's crust, prepared at the latter 
place a most beautiful and ideal elevated plateau of land for 
a to^vn, with natural drains and pure water. This beautiful 
spot on nature's landscape was the home of William Mur- 
free, a legislator of State reputation and renown. Near 
him resided many others. It was a thickly-settled neighbor- 
hood of a high order of citizenship. Mr. Murfree donated 
97 acres of land for a town at Murfree's Landing, and the 
General Assembly of the State, on January 6, 1787, passed 
an act incorporating the town of Murfreesboix)ugh on said 
land. In the act William Murfree, Patrick Brown, Red- 
mond Hackett, William Vaughan and John Parker were 
appointed Commissioners and Trustees of said town, and 
they were empowered to have the same laid off, sell the lots, 
and apply the money in the improvement of the streets and 
the like. Soon the flag of the new and young rival of Win- 
ton floated triumphantly, as the leading town in the East. 
It drew heavily from the population of Winton. The ct^unty 

5 



66 History of Heetfokd County, N. C.« 

capital soon lost its Wheelers, Gurleys, Brickies, Browns, 
Dickinsons, Bemburys, Morgans, and other families, who 
made their homes in the new town on the high hills. Its 
attractions were soon heralded throughout the Northern 
States, and its population was being constantly increased 
by wealthy and educated people from Virginia and the 
more JSTorthem States, who were seeking their abode in a 
place where the climate and hygienic conditions were attrac- 
tive. It was soon made the centre of education and excel- 
lent schools, and churches. From its infancy to the present 
time it has been noted for its schools and refined and intel- 
ligent citizenship. Even in this age of religio-politico — com- 
mercial and money-loving statesmanship, the town retains its 
divine reverence and many of its older charms and attrac- 
tions. 

The beginning of its charter is as follows : 

"An Act for establishing a town on the lands of William 
Murfree on Meherrin River, in the County of Hertford." 

"Whereas, it has been represented to the General Assem- 
bly that on the lands of William Murfree, at Murfree's Land- 
ing on the Meherrin River, there is a very proper situation 
for a town; that the place is remarkably healthy and con- 
venient to a country which produces large supplies of tobacco, 
naval stores, com, pork, and lumber, for exportation, and 
that the convenience for shipping produce at this landing is 
greatly superior to what is generally found at other land- 
ings; and; 

'Whereas, a great number of citizens of this State, inhabi- 
tants of the counties of Hertford, IsTorthampton, Halifax, 
Warren, Edgecombe, Bertie, Gates, and Chowan, have prayed 
that a town may be erected at this place, and William Mur- 
free, the proprietor of the soil, hath consented that ninety- 
seven acres of the land adjoining to the river, which has been 
surveyed and laid off, shall be appropriated to this use: 

"Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly of the 



Decade III.— 1780-1790. 67 

State of North. Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the 
authority of the same, that the said ninety-seven acres of 
land shall be laid out in lots of half an acre, with convenient 
streets, and the same are hereby constituted and established 
a town, and shall be called by the name of Murfreesborough. 
"Ratified the 6th day of January, 1787." (Acts 1787, 
page 166.) 

The General Assembly of the State, on the same day it 
incorporated Murfreesborough, also incorporated the town 
of Princeton, on the lands of Matthew Figures, in North- 
ampton (bounty, about four or five miles up the river from 
Murfreesborough. The act appointed Howell Edmunds, 
James Vaughan, Matthew Figures, Nehemiah Long, Nicho- 
las Edmonds, Henry DeBerry and Benjamin Cokeley, Com- 
missioners and Trustees for designing and keeping up of said 
town. The Commissioners were all influential and promi- 
nent men. James Vaughan was a captain in the Eevolu- 
tionary War, and won distinction as a soldier, and after the 
war he and Howell Edmonds became leaders as legislators 
from Northampton. 

The new town was established and soon became the home 
of several families of prominence. Col. James Washington, 
the old colonial legislator of Northampton, became a resident ; 
Capt. James Vaughan, Howell Peebles, Capt Robt. Peebles, 
Benj. Williamson, and others, took up their abode in the new 
town. But Princeton did not flourish long. The dreams of 
its promoters were not realized. Its rival on the hills a few 
miles below on the Meherrin possessed too many advantages. 
Finally the charter was surrendered, the buildings taken 
down and removed, its inhabitants became denizens of other 

Note. — Bartholomew Figures Moore, the great North Carolina lawyer 
was the «*andson of Bartholomew Figures, of Northampton County, 
N. C, and grand nephew of Matthew Figures of that county, and of Wil- 
liam Figures of Hertiord County. B. F. Moore was bom January 29, 1801, 
and was related to William Law Muifree, of Tennessee, whose great- 
grandmother, wife of William Murfree, was Mary Moore, of Northamp 
ton County, N. C. Nathaniel and Thomas Figures were younger mem- 
bers of this family. 



68 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

places, and its beautiful streets and decorated and handsome 
residences and lots became parts of a magnificent plantation, 
which still bears the name of Princeton, and is now owned by 
T. J. and Uriah Vaughan, of Murfreesborough, the great- 
grandsons of William Vaughan, one of the original commis- 
sioners of Murfreesborough. 

Murfreesborough, from its establishment, has been the 
home of a wealthy and high class of citizenship, and mem- 
bers of its old families are scattered throughout the States. 

Greorge Ganey's patent in 1713 embraced all the lands in 
and around the town on the hill. The stream of water from 
the E. C. Worrell grist-mill, just east of the town, to the 
river, was in olden times known as Ganey's Creek. 

During this decade Col. Benjamin Wynns, Col. Robert 
Sumnei;, Col. Mathias Brickies, Edward Hare, Jfathan Cot- 
ton, William Winbome, and many others, fall in the arms of 
death. 

The Hillsboro Convention of 1788, by ordinance, located 
the Capital of the State and fixed the seat of the State gov- 
ernment on the land of Joel Lane, in Wake Countv, and 
there established the present city of Raleigh. The capitol 
was located in Union Square, situate in the centre of the 
land purchased from Lane. The capitol and other State 
buildings were erected on this land. In 1831 the first capi- 
tol was destroyed by fire, and the present capitol was built 
soon thereafter, at a cost of $520,000. This building is 
found at the present time insufficient to meet the demands 
of the State, and it is now being mooted and advocated that 
the capitol building be enlarged at a cost of about $400,000. 

In 1789 the University of N^orth Carolina was established 
by the General Assembly, and in 1792 the institution was 
located at Chapel Hill. In October, 1793, the comer-stone 
was laid, and in 1795 the school was opened for students. It 
has made for the State a proud record. 



DECADE IV. 

1790—1800. 

We will begin the Fourth Decade with the first census of 
the United States, that we may see what families lived in 
the county in 1790, and the number of males and females in 
each family, and the number of slaves in the county, and by 
whom owned. 

The writer is struck with the great similarity of the names 
of families then and now, in the historic county of Hertford. 
Its citizenship has certainly maintained its purity through 
the ages. 

As far back as 1725 we find James Howard, a land-owner 
on Ahoskie Ridge. His descendants s-till inhabit that section. 
So Jonathan Sears, who was a land-owner in November, 
1715, on the Meherrin River and Creek. The Searses of 
to-day are still land-owners in that same territory. The de- 
scendants of William, Henry and John Willoughby, of the 
17th Century, and of Gov. John Jenkins, are still to be found 
in our midst. 

The first column contains the heads of families, the sec- 
ond the number of free white males over 16 years, including 
the heads of families, the third the number of free white 
males under 16 years, the fourth the number of free white 
females, including heads of families, the fifth the number 
of free negroes, and the sixth the number of slaves owned by 
the several families: 

1 2 3 4 5 6 

Askew, James 2 2 1 6 

Askew, Aaron 2 4 .. 8 

Askew, CuUen 1 1 4 1 

Archer, Armstrong . . 4 

Archer, Evans . . 3 

Archer, Jacob . . . . 8 

Archer, Wm . . 1 5 

Archer, Peggy . . . . 2 

Archer, Caleb . . . . 5 

Askew, Wm 1 1 2 .. 3 

Askew, Mary 1 1 2 1 



70 



History of Hebtfokd County, N. C. 



1 2 

Askew, Zack 

Askew, Friscilla 

Askew, Shadrack 

Archer, Thomas 

Alexander, Tibbs 

Askew, Charnady 

Andrews, Richard 

Askew, James 

Brickie, Aaron 

Benthall, Joseph 

Brown, James 

Battle, John 

Battle, Martha 

Bolton, Thomas 

Bell, James 

Banner, William 

Boone, Arthur 

Bailey, Wm 

Beaman, Cullin 

Brown, Francis 

Beaman, John 

Beaman, Manning 

Brown, Jeremiah 

Best, Wm 

Brown, Thomas 

Brown, John 

Batton, John 

Bishop, John 

Bishop, Jesse 

Bolton, Jane 2 

Brickie, John, dc'd by Jordan 

Pearce 

Bell, Francis 1 

Brown, Samuel 2 

Boutwell, Adam 1 

Bird, Mary 

Bacon, James 1 

Boroughs, Hardy 1 

Boroughs, Sarah 3 

Baker, Benj 2 

Boroughs, Sam 1 

Byram, Jno 2 

Byram, Thos 1 

Brown, Lewis 1 

Brown, Lewis 1 

Benberry, Bryan 1 



3 

5 

1 



1 
5 
1 
2 
1 
3 



1 
1 
4 
1 

' • 

2 
2 

1 
1 
3 
3 



4 

3 
3 
1 



4 
2 
7 
4 
2 
2 
4 
3 



1 
1 
2 
2 
3 
5 
3 
3 
2 
1 
2 
3 
3 

1 
3 
1 
2 
4 
3 
1 
2 
2 
2 
2 
2 
5 
5 
4 



5 

1 
1 



6 
6 



6 

2 

• • 

17 



6 

29 

9 

• • 

3 
9 



y 



3 

1 

1 

23 



8 



10 
3 
4 

11 



5 



5 

6 

11 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 



71 



1 2 

Brown, Patrick 1 

Bowser, Thomas 

Brown, Stephen 1 

Britton, Benj 1 

Brown, Sophia 

Bayer, John 2 

Blanchard, Miles 1 

Baker, Zadoc 1 

Brown, Benj 3 

Belch, Elisha 1 

Banks, Benj 1 

Banks, Alex*r 3 

Benson, Ezekel 1 

Blake, Ellis Gray 1 

Brewer, Jesse 1 

Baley, Wm 2 

Boone, Allen 1 

Britt, Thomas 2 

Britt, Joseph 4 

Basset, Eliz 

Best, Thomas 1 

Best, Henry 1 

Best, Mary 

Benthall, Daniel 2 

Bass, Willis 

Best, David R 1 

Bridger, Joseph 3 

Brown, Rhoderick 1 

Bizell, Solo. 

Boone, Mary 1 

Barrow, John i 2 

Barnes, Randolph 3 

Britt, James 1 

Britt, Abram 1 

Britt» Benj 1 

Britt, ]!^artin 1 

Boone, Nicholas 1 

Barden, Wm 2 

Barden, James 1 

Britt, Silas 1 

Britt, Arthur 1 

Brown, Elizabeth 2 

Bruse, Abram 1 

Bruse, Bennet 1 

Burton, John 1 

Brickie, Thos. N 1 



3 


4 


5 


6 


• 
• 


« • 
• • 


• • 

9 


• • 

• • 


2 


4 




• • 


1 


1 




3 


3 


2 




• • 


2 


3 




2 


2 


2 




7 


« 


4 




3 


• 


2 




10 


1 


4 




• • 


3 


2 




9 


• 


2 




11 


3 


2 




3 


• 

1 


• • 

3 




• • 

• • 


2 


• • 


1 


• « 


3 


3 




2 


4 


3 




7 


• 


2 


1 


• • 


3 


1 


1 


• • 


1 


2 


• • 


1 


1 


1 


• • 


• • 


• 


3 


• • 


3 


• 


5 


• • 


4 


• 


• • 


4 


• • 


2 


3 


• • 


5 


1 


4 


• » 


5 


• 


2 


2 


3 


• 


• • 


11 


• • 


2 


2 




3 


2 


4 




• • 


1 


3 




• • 


3 


4 




10 


2 


2 




1 


3 


2 




• • 


4 


3 




• • 


2 


3 


1 


4 


1 


2 




1 


1 


1 




• • 


2 


2 




1 


1 • 

• 


• • 

2 




• • 

12 


• 


2 




1 


3 


2 




1 


• 

1 


• • 

3 




• • 

3 



72 



History of Hertfobi> County, N. C. 



Blake, Eliz 

Brickie, Matthias 2 

Brickie, Wm 1 

Baker, Blake 2 

Brantley, Benj 2 

Brown, Fred 

Brickie, Jonathan 

Bird, Robert 

Brown, Lewis 

Brown, Richard 

Brown, Sarah 

Cail, Jeremiah 

Cornelius, Martha 

Cretchilor, Providence 

Carr, Robert ^ 3 

Carr, Matthew 3 

Carr, Lawrence 2 

Calf, James 

Christia, James 

Cook, Charles 

Cooke, Benj 

Chritenton, Eliz 

Carter, Lewis 

Carter, Isaac 

Canidy, John 

Cotton, Godwin 

Cotton, Wm 

Cherry, James 

Cotton, Sam 

Cotton, Noah 

Cruger, James 

Christia, David 

Cross, Stephens 

Cotton, James 

Cotton, Thomas 2 

Carter, Isaac 3 

Copeland, Mary 3 

Copeland, Thomas 

Copeland, John 

Copeland, Hollo well 

Copeland, Eli 

Clark, Stephen 

Clarke, Kerney 

Coleman, Thomas 

Clarke, Wm i 2 

Copeland, Thos 2 



8 

1 
1 

• • 

2 
2 

1 
1 
1 



3 
1 
1 
4 

1 
5 



1 
1 
3 
1 
1 

3 
1 



3 

1 
4 
2 
1 
1 

3 

1 



4 

3 
3 
2 

7 
4 
2 
1 
2 
3 
2 
2 
1 
2 

wm 

o 
4 
4 
2 
3 
1 
2 
1 
5 
4 
1 
4 
6 
3 
2 
3 



1 
3 
3 
1 
1 
2 
2 
5 
1 
1 
2 
2 
2 



6 

• • 

11 
8 
3 
5 
3 



1 
2 
1 



14 

11 

4 

7 



10 
6 

28 

9 
2 
5 

7 
2 



2 

3 

23 

4 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 



78 



1 2 

Copeland, James 2 

Copeland, Stephen 1 

Cook, Daniel 2 

Carter, Martha 1 

Carter, James 1 

Crow, Eliz 

Daughtry, Eliz 2 

Darden, Willis 1 

Darden, John 2 

Darden, Elisha 1 

Darden, David 4 

Dilday, Joseph 1 

Darden, Elisha 1 

Darden, Allen 1 

Darden, Henry 1 

Driver, Sam 1 

Drew, Richard 1 

Davis, Luke 1 

Dunn, George 1 

Dunning, Sam 1 

Driver, Martha 1 

Driver, John 2 

Denton, Polly 

Downing, Wm 2 

Deanes, Daniel 3 

Duer, Ann 1 

Dennis, Littleton 2 

Darden, Jethro 1 

Darden, Jet 1 

Deanes, James 1 

Deanes, Wm 1 

Davis, Mary 

Daughtie, James 1 

Daughtie, Wm 1 

Daughtie, Jethro 2 

Daniel, Joseph 3 

Deanes, Thomas 1 

Denton, James 3 

Davis, Sam 2 

Dickerson, John 1 

Davis, Blake 1 

Evans, Benj 3 

Evans, Cornelius 2 

Evans, Wm 2 

Eley, Michael 1 

Elev, Edward 1 



3 


4 


5 


6 


• • 


• « a 


• 


3 


a • 


1 


1 


2 


1 


3 




■ • 


• • 


2 




2 


3 


3 




• • 


• • 


1 




• • 


1 


2 




10 


3 


3 




5 


3 


2 


2 


5 


1 


4 




4 


a • 


1 




8 


4 


4 




• • 


3 


6 




9 


• a 

1 


• • 

2 


2 


1 


1 


2 




8 


• • 


• • 




8 


• • 


2 




• • 


2 


• • 




12 


2 


1 




1 


• • 


1 




7 


3 


3 




13 


1 


1 




2 


3 


3 




3 


2 


4 


1 


7 


• • 


1 




a • 


• • 

1 


• • 

1 




a • 

11 


1 


• • 




7 


1 


3 




7 


2 


1 




4 


1 


2 
2 

4 

1 








2 


2 






1 




4 




3 




3 


2 


5 




10 


2 


6 




• • 


1 


2 




1 


3 


5 




5 


2 


3 




3 


1 


3 




3 


• • 


4 




9 


1 


1 




13 



74 



History of Hebtfokd County, "N. C. 



1 2 

Evans, Peter 1 

Evans, Robert 2 

Everett, James 1 

Evans, Wm 1 

Ezell, Benj 2 

Evans, Francis 2 

Evans, Thomas 1 

Edes, Stephen 1 

Freeman, Josiah 1 

Foster, James 1 

Felton, Elisha 2 

Figures, Thomas 1 

Figures, Wm 1 

Figures, Thomas 1 

Fairless, Robert 1 

Fells, Edw 2 

Fairless, Wm 2 

Fauney, Wm 1 

Fawn, Ann 1 

Fairlen, Zadoc 1 

Flower, Rand 2 

Goodman, David 2 

Ganes, Anthony 

Gatling, James 1 

Garvey, Patrick ' 5 

Grantham, James 2 

Graham, Chancey 1 

Gay, James 1 

Griffith, Jno. 1 

Green, Joseph 2 

Gay, John 1 

Godwin, Barney 1 

Godwin, John 1 

Gliston, Daniel 2 

Gatling, Arthur 2 

Gatling, Edw 1 

Gatling, Wm >. . 1 

Griffith, Bunnell 1 

Griffith, Hartwell 1 

Gatling, Rachel 

Gatling, David 2 

Gatling, Hardy 1 

Godwin, Kerney 3 

Godwin, Barney 3 

Gatling, Jethro 2 

Glover, Wm 2 



3 
2 
2 



3 
3 
1 



3 
1 
2 
1 
1 



1 
2 
1 
4 
2 
2 



1 
2 
3 



6 
1 

• • 

1 
4 



4 
3 

4 
2 
1 
5 
5 
3 



1 
2 
1 
6 

1 
2 
2 
3 
1 



5 



3 
2 
6 
3 
5 
2 
2 
3 
2 



4 
4 



2 
2 
6 
5 
3 
2 
5 



6^ 



5 
16. 

• • 

16. 
1^ 



2 
& 

r • 

2 

I ■ 

4 



2 
5 



1 
10 

I « 

3 
9 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 



1 2 

Harrell, Mary 1 

Harrell, Wm 1 

Hill, Charles 1 

Eobbs, Elisha 

EoUoman, Hanche 2 

Hobbs, Wm 1 

Hobbs, Jacob 2 

Hill, Henry 2 

Hayes, Joseph *. . . 1 • 

Hobbs, Abram 1 

Hutchins, Wm 2 

Hart, John 1 

Hutchins, 2 

Howard, Luke 2 

Handcock, Kehemiah 1 

Howard, Moses 2 

Horton, Hugh 2 

Humphry, Wm 2 

Howard, Elisha 1 

Harrell, Elijah 3 

Horton, Matthew 3 

Hipton, Wm 1 

Horton, Eliz 

Hutchins> Aaron 1 

Hayes, Marmaduke 2 

Horton, Williford 2 

Harrison, James 1 

Holland, Thos 1 

Holloman, Malichi 1 

Holloman, Samuel 2 

Holloman, Silvia 2 

Holloman, Aaron 3 

Holloman, David 1 

Hill, John 1 

Hill, Hardy 1 

Hill, Michael 2 

Hare, John 1 

Hayes, Ezekel 1 

Harrison, Thos 1 

Hitchborne, John 4 

Holloman, Christopher 2 

Hill, Whitmell 1 

Holloman, John 1 

Harrell, Jesse 1 

Haine, Benj 1 

Holloman, Cornelius 1 



3 


4 


1 


3 


• 

1 


• • 

1 


• 


1 


1 


3 


• 


1 


2 


3 


• 

4 


4 


1 


1 


1 


3 


• 

1 


• • 

3 


3 


2 


3 


3 


• 


3 


6 


3 


3 


5 


2 


4 


• 


2 


• 


5 


5 


1 


• 


3 


• 
• 


1 


■ 


• • 

3 


2 


2 


2 


1 


4 


6 


2 


2 


• 


2 


■ 


6 


4 


4 


• 

4 


• • 

1 


• 


3 


3 


2 


■ 


1 


3 


3 


• 

2 


• • 

5 


1 


3 


2 


4 


3 


3 


1 


2 


1 


1 



6 

11 

7 
4 



'i^ 



23 
5 

» • 

3 

7 
1 

7 

■ ■ 

3 

7 
1 



5 
4 
3 

21 



1 
13 



2 
2 



17 
1 



76 



History of Hertford County, X. C. 



Haine, Jesse 

Hobbs, Sarah 

Harrison, Wm. . . . 

Horton, Wm , 

Howell, John 

Hill, Joseph ,...., 

Hayes, Wm 

Hall, Mary 

Harrell, Nathan . . 
Holland, Hezekiah . 

Hale, Fereby 

Jackson, Lon 

Jordan, Wm 

Ives, Sam , 

Ireland, Grofton . . 

Jones, Wm , 

Jiggitts, Edw 

Jackson, Isaac . . . 

Jones, Sarah 

Jones, James 

Jones, Amilescent 
Jernigan, Needham 

Jiggitts, Wm*. 

Joyner, Charles . . 
Jernigan, John . . . 
Jenkins, Charles . 
Jenkins, W^ebb . . . . 
Johnson, Anna . . . 

Jenkins, Wm 

Jenkins, Dempsey 
Jenkins, Samuel . . 
Jenkins, Winborne 
Jenkins, Henry . . . 
Jenkins, Benj. . . . 

Jordan, Eliz 

Kelley, Delphia . . 

Knight, Wm 

Knight, Dempsey . 

Keene, Jacob 

Knox, Jkmes 

King, Jesse 

Keele, Jacob 

Long, Jno 

I^e, James 

Lewis, Edw 

Luton, Sam 

Luton, Thos 





3 


4 


5 


6 




• ■ 


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7 




2 


3 




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1 


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9 




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17 




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2 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 



77 



1 2 

Langston, Luke 

Little, George 

Lewis, Luke 

Lawed, Margaret 

Lassiter, Jason 

Lintal, Joseph 

Langston, John 

Langston, Martha 

Lawrence, Exum 

Liverman, Edmond 

Lassiter, Zadoc 

Lassiter, Wm 

Land, Bird .... 

McFarlane, Walter 

Moore, James 

Moore, James 

Mullen, Wm 

Mullen, James 

Magget, John 

Mullen, Jno 

Matthews, Farmer 

Mayne, Robert 2 

Morgan, Jacob 

Marsh, Geo 

Moore, Willis 

Moore, Aaron 

McGlauhon, Elisha 

McGlaughon, Geo 

McGlaughon, James 

Modlin, Dempsey 

Morgan, Willis 

Manley, Gabriel 

Mashborn, Wm 

Mitchell, Wm 

Masongill, Daniel 3 

Miller, Jno. . 2 

Murfree, Wm. 2 

Murfree, Hardy 5 

Maney, James 

Maney, Peggy 

Morgan, Eliz 

Moore, Wm 

Morgan, Hardy 

Moore, Lawrence 

Macon, Wm 

Mashborn, Matt 



3 

2 



1 



1 
1 
2 
3 
1 



2 
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3 

1 



2 
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1 
2 
2 



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3 
1 
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4 

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8 

4 

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1 
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1 

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6 



6 

2 

36 
3 

1 

2 

12 
4 

34 

18 

9 

• • 

39 
23 
10 

7 

17 
1 



8 
13 

« • 

1 
2 



3 

1 
20 
45 
39 

7 

17 

• ■ 

10 



/ 



78 



HisTOBY OF Hebtfobd County, N. C. 



1 2 

Matthews, Edmond 1 

Moore, Edward I 

Matthews, Giles 1 

Mashborn, Charity 

Morgan, James 2 

Montgomery, Robert 1 

Montgomery, Elinder 

Moore, Wm 1 

Morgan, James 1 

Meredith, Lewis 3 

Nichols, Wm 1 

Nichols, Jno 2 

Newsom, Joel 1 

Newsom, Charles 1 

Newsom, Hosea 4 

Newsom, John 1 

Northcott, John 1 

Northcott, John 2 

Nickins, Malichi 

Nowell, Dempsey 2 

Norvell, Benj 1 

Norvell, Mary 1 

Northcott, Anthony 1 

Nichols, Nat 1 

Nickins, James 

Outlaw, Wm 3 

Outlaw, Thomas 1 

Outlaw, Lewis 1 

Overton, James 1 

Overton, Nath'l 1 

Odom, Jacob 1 

Orange, Henry 

Perry, Abner 1 

Porter, Abram 1 

Parten, Hubbon 1 

Parten, Henry 1 

Powell, Shadrick 2 

Perry Simeon 2 

Perry, Ezekel 2 

Powell, Anna 

Powell, Dempsey 1 

Pruet, Mary 

Peal, Edw 2 

Peal, Dempsey 1 

Peal, Ann 

Peal, Thomas 1 



3 


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3 


3 


1 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 



79 



Pinner, Rachel 

Pearce, Daniel 

Porter, Wm 

Porter, Jno. 

Pinner, Milbry . . . . 

Perry, Wm 

Peal, Daniel '. 

Perry, James 

Parker, Sam 

Pearce, Job 

Perry, Celia 

Parker, Abigail . . . 
Powell, Charles . . . 
Pender, Jethro . . . . 

Parker, Wm 

Parker, Wm 

Parker, Jno 

Parker, Silas 

Parker, Peter 

Parker, Ephraim . . 

Parker, Daniel 

Panter, Edw 

Perry, Elisha 

Phelps, Dempsey . . 

Perry, Wm 

Pearce, Jordan 

Quemby, Jesse 

Reynolds, Thomas . 
Read, Hamilton . . . 

Rawles, Wm 

Raby, Joel 

Rhoads, Abram . . . . 

Rasberry, Wm 

Rawls, Mariah 

Reynolds, Jesse . . . 
Rasberry, Margaret 
Russell, Thomas . . . 
Rooks, Dempsey . . . 

Rooks, Joseph 

Rea, Wm 

Roberts, Wm 

Ridley, Thomas . . . 
Rindal, Joseph . . . . 

Riley, Benj 

Rea, Wm 

Rutland, Wm 



2 


8 


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1 


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t 



80 



History of Hertford County, X. C. 



1 2 

Ril^y, Wm 1 

Rascoe, Alex 1 

Rawles, Absalom 2 

Roads, Wm 1 

Rogers, Jonathan 1 

Revel, Matthews 2 

Revel, Silas 1 

Rider, Nancy 

Rogers, James 2 

Rawles, Jesse 1 

Ravner, Amos 3 

Starkey, John 2 

Sanderford, James 1 

Story, John 1 

Sanderford, Xancy 1 

Sanderford, John 1 

Sanders, John P 1 

Smith, James 

Smith, Abram 1 

Smith, John 1 

Sumner, Mary 1 

Spires, Elisha 1 

Spires, Absalom 2 

Scull, Edw 1 

Sessoms, Ann 2 

Sumner, Moses 2 

Sanders, Nathan 1 

Spicey, Daniel 1 

Simons, Joshua 2 

Sewell, Dempsey 1 

Scull, John 1 

Sharp, Gemona 1 

Sessoms, Rachel 2 

Scull, Elisha 1 

Shepherd, Providence 1 

Skinner, James 1 

Strickland, Drew .• 1 

Shewinaft, Wm 

Sears, John 1 

Spikes, Thomas 3 

Sanders, David 1 

Saunders, Wm 1 

Sumner, Eliz 1 

Stephens, Ann 

Sewell, Wm 3 

Simons, Obediah 1 



3 

1 



2 
2 
1 

2 
5 

2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
3 

1 
1 



2 
2 
3 
5 

2 

1 
1 
1 
1 



2 
2 



1 
1 
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5 
1 



4 

1 
1 
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4 
3 
3 
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4 

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8 



6 



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2 
5 



2 
3 



15 
1 
2 

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14 

28 



13 
2 
3 

16 
6 

11 

35 
1 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 



81 



1 2 

Sorrell, James 

Sewell, Richard ] 

Sharp, Isaac 

Sharp, Starkey 

Scott, John 

Sorrell, Wm 

Smith, Thomas 

Tyler, Hellen 

Tifton, John B 

Thomas, Isaac 

Thomas, Josiah 

Thomas, Benj 

Tiley, John 

Tritt, Thos 

Trader, Rachel 

Tennessee, John 

Tyler, Samuel 

Thomson, Eliz 

Taylor, Miles 

Taylor, Williford 

Taylor, Boae 

Vassar, Robert 

Vassar, Jesse 

Vinson, Wm 

Vaughan, Wm 

Vinson, James 

Vinson, Peter 

Vanpelt, John 

Vinson, Shad 

Vanpelt, Sarah 

Vinson, Elisha 

Vaughan, John 

Valentine, Isaac 

Valentine, David 2 

Valentine, Alex 2 

Williford, John 3 

Winborne, Josiah 1 

Winborne, James 1 

Winborne, John 1 

Winborne, Henry 2 

Winborne, Thomas 1 

Wilkins, James 1 

Williams, Charles 3 

Weaks, Arthur 1 



3 

I • 

1 



2 
2 
3 
5 

1 



1 
2 
1 



2 
4 
1 
1 

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2 
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1 
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4 
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8 

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5 

18 



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1 

13 

• • 

2 
1 
1 



7 

7 



2 
1 
8 
3 
1 
5 
43 
2 
4 



6 



82 



History of Hertford County, X. C. 



. X 2 

Willey, James 2 

Williams, Richard 2 

Weaks, Wm 1 

Whitley, Ann 1 

Wilkins, Wm 1 

Wilkins, Richard 1 

Wiggins, Wm 1 

Weaks, Julian 2 

Whitley, James 3 

Williams, William 1 

Williams, Warner 1 

Worrell, Richard 1 

White, Henderson 4 

Williams, Nathan 1 

Williams, Gilstrap 1 

Weaver, Ned 

Webb, Benj 3 

Weston, Jordan 1 

Weston, Jesse 2 

Wiggins, Sarah 

Ward, Isaac Hill 1 

Williams, Ben 1 

Williams, Geo 1 

Williams, Whit 2 

"Watson, Micajah 1 

Warren, Obediah 1 

"West, James 1 

Worrell, Rhoda 

Wilson, Matthew 2 

Wiggins, Wright 2 

West, John 1 

Williams, Sarah 3 

Worthington, Arcada 

Worthington, Sarah 2 

Willoughby, John 3 

Wiggins, Sarah 

Wiggins, Joshua 2 

Warren, Jordan 1 

Williams, Constant 

Wright, Jane 1 

Worthington, Mary 1 

Williams, Eliz 

Walker, Patsy 

Wright, Henry 1 

White, Alex 1 

Wynns, Jno. A 1 



3 


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4 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 83 

1 2 

Wynns, Matthew 1 

Wynns, George 4 

Wynns, Thomas 1 

Wynns, William 2 

Wiles, Joshua 1 

Yeates, Sarah 

Yeates, Jesse 1 

Yealloby, Geo 1 

Josiah and James Winborne came to this county from Northampton, 
and emigrated to Edgecombe County about 1798. John Winborne was, 
also, of the Northampton family. 

Gen. George Wa&hington is still serving his first term as 
President of the United States. He is the idol of his coun- 
try. The large majority of the people of Hertford County 
are Federalist in politics, which was the political faith of 
Washington. During this decade the country is tranquil in 
peace and the people happy and seeking out the pleasant 
places for homes. The young village of Murfreesborough 
becomes an attractive place to the home-seekers, and many 
find an abiding place within her borders. It soon becomes 
the centre of refinement, of education and of wealth. 

The able, wealthy and benevolent Gen. Thomas Wynns, 
who was a member of the House of Commons of 1787, and 
of the Convention of 1789, begins his protracted service as 
State Senator from the county from 1790 to 1800, inclusive. 
He was the youngest of the four sons of Benjamin Wynns, 
and lived below Winton, at the place where the late Jackson 
B. Hare resided, and he built the house that now stands on 
the old hill. He also owned the Hare grist-mill. His wife 
was Susanna Maney, the daughter of James Maney II, of 
Maney's Xeck. He was elected as Presidential Elector in 
1801, and voted in the electoral college for Thomas Jeffer- 
son for President of the United States. Elected to Congress 
to succeed Charles Johnson, deceased, of Edenton, in 1802, 
and again elected to the Eighth and iN'inth Congresses, end- 
ing March 4, 1807. He declined a further nomination for 



84 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Congress. Again elected by his countrymen a member of the 
State Senate, where he continued to serve his county until 
1817, when he retired to private life. He was extremely 
fond of his nephews, Benjamin, Thomas, James D. and Wil- 
liam B. Wynns. He had no children. His wife died in 
January, 1822, and he died in June, 1825. Both are buried 
on the old Maney plantation, near the present wharf at Rid- 
dicksville, in this county. He was made Major-General in 
the Stiate Troops in the First Division, which position he 
held a number of years until he resigned to go to the Legis- 
lature in 1813. He was a great advocate of education, and 
was one of the first trustees of the State University. The 
Raleigh Register of 1825 speaks of him a^ a splendid and 
noble character and as one of the first men of the State. The 
paper also states that he had been frequently solicited to 
accept the nomination for Governor, but he invariably de- 
clined, although his nomination would have resulted in his 
election. He was a member of the electoral college in 1809, 
and voted for James Madison for President 

Robert Montgomery was another of the county's represent- 
ative men. He was a lawyer of great ability, and took a 
leading part in shaping the legislation of the State. He 
was a direct descendant of John Montgomery, of Tyrrell 
County, who was for a long time Attorney-General in the 
Province, and succeeded William Smith as Chief Justice 
of the Province, about 1740. John Montgomery settled in 
Edenton while he was in office. Kobert Montgomery married 
Mary Meredith, of Murfreesborough, and left several chil- 
dren, of whom we will ^vrite in Decade Seven. He died in 
Raleigh in 1808, while a member of the State Senate. 

Henry Hill, a member of the House in 1788 to 1793, and 
again in 1795, lived in Murfreesborough, but owned a large 
landed estate in Maney's -N'eck, on the Meherrin River. He 
was the son of Capt. Harry (Henrv) Hill, of Revolutionary 
fame, and who lived at Hill's Ferry, in Maney's [JsTeck. 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 85 

Henry Hill, Jr., was a lawyer and a man of ability. He 
married Sally Maget. His daughter married lawyer Harry 
W. Long, of this county. 

James Jones, who represented, in part, the county in the 
House for twelve years, was the son of Col. James Jones, of 
Pitch Landing, and inherited a large estate from his father. 
He lived on his plantation near Pitch Landing. He was 
born in 1765 and died in 1816. He married Anne Walton, 
sister of Col. Isaac Walton and Timothy Waltpn. His 
widow and several children survived him. His sons were 
Dr. William Jones, James Sidney Jones, and Howell Jones. 
His granddaughter was the wife of Maj. John W. Moore. 
No coimty in the State was abler represented in 1791 than 
the patriotic little county of Hertford. 

In 1793 Capt. Jethro Darden, of Maney's Neck, appeared 
for the first time in the House of Commons from Hertford. 
He served four terms, and was a man of intelligence and of 
large information, and was soon recognized as a leader, and 
reflected much credit on his county. He acquired his mili- 
tary title as captain in the militia service. On account of 
failing eyesight he was compelled to abandon public life, and 
finally, before his death in 1834, he became totally blind. 
He left several children — Edward P., John A., Penelope, 
wife of James Majette, Samuel A., Jethro P., and Sarah E. 
Darden. There was another citizen in the county during 
this decade by the name of Jet. Darden* 

Nathan Harrell, who had been prominent in the county 
during the last decade, was still serving the people as Clerk 
of the Court during most of this decade. He married Eliza- 
beth Sharp, daughter of Starkey Sharp and granddaughter 
of Maj. Henry Winbome. She was born in 1768 and died 
in 1840. He reared several children. Their daughter 
Nancy married Dr. William L. Smith, who had settled in the 
county from Connecticut, and William Nathan Harrell 
Smith, the late Chief Justice of the State, was the product 
of this marriage. Nathan Harrell died in 1802, leaving his 



86 HisTOEY OF Hertfokd County, I^. 0. 

widow and other children surviving him — Starkey Sharp 
Harrell and Sally Harrell. His widow married widower 
George Gordon, who afterwards became Public Eegistjer of 
the county, and then succeeding General Dickinson as Clerk 
of lie Court They left one child, Barsha Gordon. Dr. 
William L. Smith died in 1813, and his widow afterwards 
married James M. Yancey, formerly of Raleigh, but was 
later a citizen of Murfreesboro. They left one son, Antonio 
P. Yancey. Starkey S. Harrell, 1786-1830, married Eliza- 
beth Simmons, 1788-1861, who were the parents of Mary, 
the wife of Lemuel K. Jernigan; of ^N^ancy, the wife of 
Thomas Blount Sharp, and Starkey S. Hariell, Jr. Nathan 
HarrelPs daughter, Sally, married G. H. Bond. 

The grave robs the county, during this decade, of Henry 
Winbome, William Murfree, Maj. George Wynns, Starkey 
Sharp, the former Sheriff and Public Register, Maj. Samuel 
Harrell, the old Clerk of the Court, and many others. 

In 1794 the General Assembly incorporated the Hertford 
Academy, which was located in the town of Murfreesboro. 
This was the first incorporated school in the county, though 
there had for a number of years existed schools in different 
parts of the county. Rev. Jonathan Otis Freeman was the 
first principal of the Academy, and he was aided by an able 
corps of assistants. The late Edmond B. Freeman, Clerk of 
the Supreme Court of N^orth Carolina, was the son of Eev. 
J. O. Freeman. Rev. Freeman, as principal of the Acad- 
emy in 1819, was succeeded by Thomas O'Brady, an im- 
petuous and belligerent Irishman, who was a believer in the 
rod in the school-room. It is said of him that he was so 
pugnacious that he went on the street one day and engaged in 
a fight with one Drew Vinson, a brag fighter from the Canada 
section, and Vinson whipped him good. This so humiliated 
the Irish bully that he soon resigned and left the town. 

O'Brady was succeeded as principal in 1822 by Rev. 
James Douglas, a Presbyterian divine, and a good man. Rev. 
Douglas was instrumental in establishing the old Presbyte- 



Decade IV.— 1790-1800. 87 

rian church in town, and O'Dwyer, in his diary of 1824, 
often speaks of his able discourses on the Bible. Douglas 
was principal of the department for boys and young men, 
and Miss Harriet Sketchly, afterwards Mrs. James Banks, 
was in charge of the female department of the school. In 
1822 Mrs. James Banks purchased the Academy lot from 
John Wheeler, and for years conducted a flourishing high 
school for girls. The Male Academy was conducted after 
1822 in another building. Rev. Douglas was succeeded sev- 
eral years thereafter as principal of the Male School by Kev. 
John Lamb Pritchard, and the latter was succeeded by A. T. 
Ackerman, a young man from New England, who later 
studied law and settled in Georgia to practice his profession. 
Ackerman became a distinguished lawyer and was appointed 
Attorney-General of the United States by President IJ. S. 
Grant during his first administration. This school was kept 
up until about twenty years ago, with able educators at its 
head. 




DECADE V. 

1800—1810. 

The beginning of this decade found the county in great 
excitement The Presidential election was to be held in No- 
vember, 1800. There was great bitterness between the two 
political parties, the Federal and the Kepublican, and also 
factional divisions in each party. The Federalist candidates 
were John Adams, of Massachusetts, and C. C. Pinckney, of 
South Carolina ; and the Republican candidates were Thomas 
Jefferson, of Virginia, and Aaron Burr, of New York. The 
electoral college failed to elect Jefferson and Burr received 
73 votes each, Adams 65, Pinckney 64, and Chief Justice 
Jay 1. Congress had to elect, and after a long and bitter 
fight in Congress, Jefferson was finally elected President 
and Burr Vice-President Gen. Thomas Wynns was in the 
electoral college and voted for Jefferson for President and 
Burr for Vice-President 

The names of the old political parties in the United States 
did not represent the principles of the political parties bear- 
ing the same names to-day. The Whig party was the oldest 
political party in this country after the Revolution of 1776- 
^82. In the formation of the Union and the "adoption of the 
Constitution of the United States in 1787 the American peo- 
ple became divided into two opposing political parties — Fed- 
eralists and anti-Federalists. The Federalist was also com- 
posed of two elements — ^the extreme Federalists, as Alexander 
Hamilton, who favored a strong government, a national gov- 
ernment with an aristocratic Upper House and Presidency, 
while the conservative Federalists, as George Washington, 
favored a Federal Constitution and government of the' States 
without any aristocratic features. The extreme anti-Fed- 
eralists, as Thomas Jefferson, wanted no Federal government 
of any kind, but favored simply a league like the old Articles 
of Confederation between the thirteen independent repub- 
lics; and the great mass of the party opposed the adoption 



Decade V.— 1800-1810. 89 

of the new Constitution submitted to the States in 1787. 
They divided, however, and the minority element joined the 
conservative Federalists in adopting the new Constitution, 
hoping that proper amendments would be adopted. And 
finally the whole anti-Federalists after a few years accepted 
the new Constitution and became the strict Constructionist 
party, confining the powers of the Federal government to the 
letter of the Constitution, whose principles have been the 
fundamental tenets of the Democratic party; while the prin- 
ciples contended for by the opposing party, known as the 
Loose Constructionists, the advocates of a national govern- 
ment and the subordination of State rights to the powers of 
the national government, with centralized tendencies, are 
now and have been since the battle of Appomattox in 1865, 
represented by the Republican party. The anti-Federalist 
party became known as the Strict Constructionists, and after 
the French Revolution they became known as the Democratic- 
Republican party, which has always been the official party 
name of the Democratic party up to the Civil War. It was 
in olden days spoken of as the Republican party. The old 
Federalist and Loose Constructionist became metamorphosed 
into the old Whig party, with many of its extreme notions 
■eliminated, until the creation of the Republican party, of 
which Abraham Lincoln, W. H. Seward and others were the 
■exponents. That is, the Republican party of to-day is the 
successor of the extreme Federalists and Loose Construction- 
ists. The conservative Whigs and conservative Democrats 
after 1868 formed the present Democratic party, the modern 
representative of the Democratic-Republican party and Strict 
Constructionists. 

Gabriel's insurrection. 

While the slave negroes of the South were kindly treated by 
their masters, who placed much value on them as profitable 
property, yet the savage treachery of their natures occasion- 
ally caused them to be guilty of brutality of the worst kind. 



90 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

In August, 1800, Gabriel Prosser, a slave owned by a far- 
mer near Richmond, Va., planned an "uprising'' of the ne- 
groes to assassinate the whites, take charge of Richmond,, 
and plunder the place. He armed his. horde of bandits and 
mX out on his wicked mission. But he was thwarted in his 
nefarious enterprise by a heavy storm of rainfall, which so 
swelled a creek in his pathway that he could not reach the 
city, and before he could surmount this difficulty his scheme 
was discovered, and he and his followers disbanded and took 
to the woods. They were finally captured and executed. 
Gabriel was hanged October 7, 1800. These occasional out- 
breaks of the negroes were invariably cauaed by some vicious 
negro who had been much favored by his white master and 
granted many liberties and privileges^ They were generally 
negro preachers. 

In 1801 William Hardy Murfree, of Murfreesboro, the 
son of Col. Hardy Murfree, the hero of Stony Point, gradu- 
ated at the State University at Chapel Hill, and began the 
study of the law at Edenton, and was soon to begin to win 
laurels for himself and heap greater honors on his family, 
his county, his district and his State. After obtaining his 
law license he returned to his native town of Murfreesboro 
and opened his law office in the brick building between the 
Peter Williams lot and the ravine, on William street. He 
soon gave evidence of a great man. In 1806 he and James 
Jones represented the county in the House of Commons. 
Again in 1812 he was a member of the House, and then for 
four years a member of Congress from the Edenton District. 

Robert Montgomery in 1801 begins to serve his county in 
the State Senate for seven terms, as successor of General 
Wynns. James Jones continues to serve in the House until 
1807. 

In 1801 Capt. Abner Perry, of Revolutionary fame, ap- 
pears for the first time as a member of the House, and serves 
nine years. His gallant services in the War of the Revolu- 
tion, and his estimable qualities as a man, made him a favor- 



Decade V.— 1800-1810. ^91 

ite with the people and an influential and useful member of 
the House. He lived near old St. John's, and married the 
daughter of Pleasant Jordan, who was in the Senate in 1780. 
He died in 1810 and left three sons — Abner J. Perry, An- 
drew T. Perry and John B. Perry. His daughter, Patsy, 
married John Dickinson, of Winton. 

Thomas Deanes, who lived near Murfreesboro, senses the 
county as High Sheriff. In 1802 Joseph F. Dickinson be- 
gins to serve a long term of twenty years as Clerk of the 
County Court, and Mills Jernigan enters upon the duties of 
Public Register from 1800 to 1813. He was a county officer 
in the Third Decade. 

In 1802 Gen. Thomas Wynns is elected to Congress, where 
he continues to serve his country for five years, and then 
returns in 1808 to his old place in the State Senate, where 
he continued until 1817. 

Lewis Walters, of Winton, in 1807 makes his first appear- 
ance in public life as a member in the House. He served 
two terms, and was then defeated by Gen. Boone Felton. 

The year of 1803 found the condition of the country in 
peace and prosperity, good-will prevailing among the people, 
in place of sectionalism and party strife. Murfreesboro was 
still the favorite place in the county. It was fast becoming 
the Mecca of the east. Over on the hill across the ravine 
leading to the river was the residence of Capt. Lewis Mere- 
dith. ^He was a man much valued in his day. He left no 
son, but several daughters. One of his daughters married 
James Maney, the mother of Judge Thomas Maney, and one 
married William Cow^er, who was the mother of Lewis Mere- 
dith Cowper and Richard Greene Cowper and William Cow- 
per, of Gates County, Mrs. Redmond R. Parker and Mrs. 
Weed. Another one of his daughters married Dr. Lewis 
Meredith Jiggetts, a physician of eminence, and. a member of 
the House in 1822. 

Col. Hardy Murfree was living at the late residence of 
his father, Wm. Murfree, on the hill on the opposite side of 



92 T History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

said ravine from Captain Meredith. Wm. H. Murfree had 
just opened his law office. Patrick Brown, of whom Major 
Moore speaks as being "a shrewd, honest and long-headed 
Scotchman," erected his home near the old Indian Queen 
Tavern, on the street now known as Broad street. He was 
an old bachelor and a merchant and a great writer. Dr. 
Thomas O'Dwyer, from Clonnel in Ireland, was also a bach- 
elor, and lived on the same street near Brown. They were 
great cronies and succeeded in accumulating large estates by 
trading and note shaving. O'Dwyer died in 1834 in his 
57th year, and^ was buried in Murfreesboro. He kept a 
diary which was a valuable document on account of the store 
of information it contained, but no copy can now be foimd 
except for the year 1824. Many other families settled in 
the town about this time from the ITorthem States, and 
afterwards became leading and eminent citizens in the county 
and State. Dr. O'Dwyer, while a speculator, was an honor- 
able man, an eminent physician, a great philanthropist, an 
omniferous reader, and a believer in the religion of Christ, 
although not a communicant of any church. [No one can 
read his writings without forming an exalted idea of the 
man. His frequent references to his mother and sister who 
were living in Edinburg in 1824, and to his native land, 
are sublime. He longs for home in the land of the sham- 
rock. 

** O the shamrock, the green, immortal shamrock ! 
Chosen leaf, of bard and chief, 
Old Erin's native shamrock." 

But little is known of Walters. 

General Felton was a man of considerable ability and 
courage. He descended from a noble and intellectual an- 
cestry. He was a recognized leader in the House and Sen- 
ate. He served six terms in the House and one in the Senate. 
He married the daughter of William White, of Raleigh, who 
was the sister of Governor Swain's wife, and granddaughter 
of Gov. Richard Caswell. General Felton died in Winton, 



Decade V.— 1800-1810. 93 

October 4, 1821, as appears from the Raleigh Register of 
Xovember 2, 1821. He had been elected the second time to 
the Senate, just prior to his death. He owned what is 
known in the county as the ^^Cofield Land." Lewis Walters 
is returned to the House in 1810. 

In 1805, Col. Hardy Murfree emigrated to Tennessee, 
where he owned a large landed estate, and died in 1809. We 
find on the death roll during this decade, Robert Montgomery, 
the able le^slator; Xathan Harrell, Oapt. Lewis Meredith, 
Thomas Winborne, the late chairman of the County Court, 
who left his widow and two minor children — Sarah Agatha 
and Elisha Winborne — surviving him. 'His widow married 
a Mr. Eoberson, and they had one daughter who died in 
Mississippi in 1887 without marrying; his daughter, Sarah 
A., married John Gurley, of Murfreesboro. Their descend- 
ants live in Tennessee and Mississippi. Mrs. Rebecca Cow- 
per, wife of Wm. Cowper, and Emily M. Hichbom, of Mur- 
freesboro, and others. In 1809, Murfreesboro gained some 
valuable additions to her population; among them was Dr. 
Thomas Borland. John Scott, who lived near Harrellsville, 
was made general in the militia during this epoch. 

DR. THOMAS BORLAND. 

This high-minded citizen lived in Murfreesboro, on the lot 
now owned by James D. Babb. He was profound as a 
scholar, eminent as a physician, haughty and chivalrous in 
manner, strong in his love of country, and greatly respected 
by his neighbors. He was thoroughly familiar with all the 
classics and could read Greek and Latin fluently, and through 
life he enjoyed reading his Greek books. For a long while 
prior to his death, in 1830 or 1831, he was one of the wealthy 
and aristocratic justices of the county, and was often seen 
presiding over the court. Dr. Borland married Harriet God- 
win and moved from Suffolk, Va., to Murfreesboro about 
1809. They left the following sons: Euclid, Solon, and 
Roscius Cicero. Dr. Euclid Borland first married Eliza- 



94 History of Heetford County, N. 0. 

beth R. Moore. She died in January, 1850. A few years 
thereafter he married Lucy Wilkinson, daughter of Commo- 
dore Wilkinson of the U. S. Navy. He spent much of his 
time in Mississippi and Xouisiana, where he owned large 
plantations, but his home was in Murfreesboro, until about 
1856. For some years prior to his death, in April, 1881, 
this delightful and chivalrous old gentleman and his wife, 
Lucy, boarded at the Atlantic Hotel in Norfolk, Virginia. 
Like his father, he was fond of the classics, and especially of 
the Greek language and Greek characters. His son, General 
Euclid Borland, lived in New Orleans, La., and died Septem- 
ber 26, 1896, in Norfolk, Va., at the age of 52, while on a 
visit to his relations. 

Solon Borland emigrated from this county about 1842, to 
Arkansas, and became a United States Senator from that 
State, April, 1848, to April, 1863, and afterwards was Min- 
ister to Nicaragua, 1853 to 1854; General in the Confederate 
Army, and died in Texas, January 31, 1864. 

We have written of Roscius Cicero Borland on other pages. 

The Borlands were all brave, true, honorable and chival- 
rous people. Hertford for some reason never insisted upon 
the advancement of her noble and able sons for governmental 
honors. They were, however, always appreciated in their 
adopted homes. 

Most of the Borlands and the members of their families 
are buried near Murfreesboro on the. Ramsey farm, owned 
by the wife of the author. 

Augustus Moore, who married Martha A. Bell, nee Ram- 
sey, the widow of Samuel Bell, was bom in 1784, near 
Murfree's Landing, in Hertford County, and died in Mis- 
sissippi in 1843, where he was buried. Some years there- 
after his body was exhumed to bring to the burying-ground 
near Murfreesboro. When taken up the body was found to 
be petrified and as hard as a rock. It was in this condition 
when it was reinterred at Ramsev. 



Decade V.— 1800-1810. 95 

Phogion A. Borknd, sou of Euclid, the first, by his first 
marriage, was a brave and daring soldier in the army of the 
Confederacy, and died August the 15th, 1863, from a wound 
received on the field of battle. 

In addition to what we have said of the gentleman, the 
lawyer, and the chivalric Roscius C. Borland, we have learned 
that he stopped the practice of the law and left Hertford 
County to visit his brother Euclid in Mississippi on account 
of failing health. It is said that he was taken with measles 
while on this visit and died from it before returning, but 
this is contradicted by some, and the other account is that he 
returned to Murfreesboro from Mississippi and resided for 
a short while on the lot now occupied by E. C. Worrell, with 
his family, and there died. He died in 1847. But we find 
nothing to indicate that he was buried in the old family 
burying-ground, which is strong proof that he probably died 
in the South an.d was there buried. He married Miss Tem- 
perance Ramsey, of Hertford County, April 25, 1837, and 
left surviving him a daughter. Miss Harriott Godwin Bor- 
land, named for his mother, and a son Thomas Roscius Bor- 
land, named for his father and himself. His daughter mar- 
ried Mr. Thomas Smith, of Suffolk, Virginia, and his son 
was a prominent lawyer in Norfolk, Virginia, and U. S. 
District Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia, and 
died while filling that office or shortly afterwards; The 
children of Roscius were born in Murfreesboro. He has a 
grandson, Armstead Borland, now living in Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, who is the last one of that name. Gen. Euclid Borland 
has two married daughters living in Louisiana. 

GENERAL SCOTT. 

John Scott appears in the census of Hertford County 
taken in 1790, as the head of a family of seven, and as the 
owner of eighteen slaves. In the early years of the nine- 
teenth century, lie was a militia general. He married a Miss 
Brett, the aunt of the late Elisha D. Brett, of Maney's I^eck, 



96 History of Hertfokd County, N. 0. 

and died January 30, 1812, leaving three sons, William, 
James and George. William lived in Maney's Neck, where 
W. H. Henderson now lives, near Riddicksville, when the 
author was a boy. He was the father of several children, 
one of whom now resides in the county, Winfield Scott. 
James, another son, married Martha Ann Rea, of Murfrees- 
boro, and lived and died in Baltimore, Maryland. They 
were the parents of the late Mrs. H. T. Lassiter, of Mur- 
f reesboro, and of Mrs. Virginia Yeates, late wife of the Hon. 
Jesse J. Yeates. Another son, George, lived and died in 
Petersburg, Virginia. William had a son, Andrew, who was 
a general in the army of the Confederate States of America, 
from Florida. 

W^illiam Little belonged to a family long famous for its 
virtues and patriotism in Iforth Carolina. He was the son 
of William Little, of Chowan County, and who was Attorney- 
General and also Chief Justice under the government of the 
Lords Proprietors, and was also one of the commissioners for 
the Province of North Carolina in 1727 to settle the dividing 
line between the Provinces of Virginia and North Carolina. 
The mother of William Little, Jr., was the daughter of Chief 
Justice Gale. On November 4, 1790, Nathaniel Macon, a 
member of the House of Commons from Warren County, 
presented to the House of Commons the petition of William 
Little, of Hertford County, protesting against the election of 
Henry Hill of that county for the reason that his election 
was irregular and void. The petition was referred to a com- 
mittee, whose report was adverse to Hill, and a new election 
was ordered. Hill and Little were again candidates, and 
Hill was duly elected. Both of the rival candidates were 
from Maney's Neck. This was the first contest from the 
noble little county of Hertford. His brother, George Little, 
of Hertford County, was a major in the militia during the 
Eevolutionary War. 

William Little, Jr., married Miss Mary Ann Person, sister 
of the famous Gen. Thomas Person, of Granville County, 



Decade V.— 1800-1810. 97 

and left one son, William Person Little, who moved to Gran- 
ville County and became a man of much prominence in the 
State. His daughter, Penelope, married Sharp Blount, a 
lawyer living in Winton. 

Wm. P. Little married Ann Hawkins, the daughter of 
Philemon Hawkins, Jr., of Warren County. Their children 
were the late Col. George Little, of Raleigh, aide-de-camp to 
Governor Vance during the late Civil War; Thos. Person 
Little, of Hertford County, who was once chairman of the 
old County Court, Wm. P. Little, Jr., and Mrs. Dr. Charles 
Skinner, of Warren County. The daughter of Dr. Skinner 
married William Hutchings, of Hertford County, who re- 
aided where the Eev. H. B. Parker now resides, near Buck- 
horn. They were the parents of the late distinguished and 
gifted physician of Murfreesboro, Dr. Wm. H. Hutchings. 
Thos. P. Little never married. He lived in Maney's Neck 
on the farm known as Old Town, and was passionately fond 
of the sport of deer and fox hunting. In the correspondence 
between the Winbome brothers we frequently find a refer- 
ence to the strong friendship of Thos. P. Little for the late 
Maj. S. D. Winbome. Wm. P. Little, Jr., died without 
leaving any male representative to perpetuate the family 
name. George Little, his brother, left two sons, William 
and George. The former was a distinguished surgeon in the 
late Confederate Army, and died in Raleigh in 1879. George 
Little, Jr., married Miss Momoiselle S. Vann, daughter of 
the late Tilman D. Vann, of Hertford County, and died in 
1880. His widow and several daughters still survive him. 

Among some of the prominent merchants in the county 
at the beginning of the last century were Daniel, William 
and Joseph G. Rea, of Murfreesboro, and James Rea, of 
Winton. They came from the ITorth to this county, and for 
a number of years were among the leading business men in 
the county, and the descendants and connections of these peo- 
ple are large and extensive. The oldest of which we have 



98 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

any information was Daniel Rea, who lived North and mar- 
ried in 1764 Rachel Johnson, of New York, and their chil- 
dren, Daniel, Jr., William, Sally, James, Joseph G., Martha, 
and Sampson, all of whom became citizens of this county. 
Daniel Rea, Jr., married Sally, daughter of Alexander Banks, 
of this town. William Rea was married four times. His 
first wife was Margaret Wynns, of the old Wynns family of 
the county. She lived but a short time, when in 1797 he 
married Mary Wynns of the same family. His third wife 
was Mary Peck, a Northern lady, and his fourth wife was 
Julia Blackwell, of Blackwell's Island, N. Y. Mr. Rea lived 
on the lot where H. T. Lassiter now resides, and did business 
in the large brick building on the corner of Fourth and Wil- 
liam streets. The late Col. U. Vaughan received his first les- 
sons as clerk in Mr. Rea's store. He was a man of industry 
and great executive ability and business sagacity. He ac- 
cumulated a large estate, and died in New York. No one 
was permitted to remain idle about him. When his clerks 
were not otherwise engaged, he made them empty nail kegs 
and count the nails, or rub hardware in the store, and the 
like. His brother and partner, Joseph G. Rea, married 
Nancy Canless in 1813, who was the aunt of Mrs. Lewis M. 
Oowper, who was Annis Collins, of Portsmouth, Virginia. 
He committed suicide by hanging himself in his garden. He 
lived at the place now owned by Lloyd J. Lawrence. He left 
no children. His widow long survived him. The writer, in 
1888, qualified as administrator de bonis non on her estate, 
and made during the same year a final settlement. Their 
home was beautifully furnished with the most costly furni- 
ture and paintings. After his death, Lewis M. Cowper sold 
his place to Thomas N. Myrick, which is now owned by 
Uriah Vaughan^ and moved with his family across the street 
to live with the widow, and that became the home of L. M. 
Cowper's family until their death. 




Decade V.— 1800-1810. 99 

James Rea married Mourn- 
ing Norfleet, of Gates County, 
in 1808, and was a prominent 
merchant in Winton. He died 
October 24, 1824, and his wife 
died March 24, 1842. They 
I left one child, Hannah Peck 
Rea, who was the sole heir of 
his estate. She was greatly 
admired and much courted by 
the beaux of her day. She was 
.TAMES BEA. greatly admired by W. D. Pm- 

den, Sr., and his family, and they visited lier up to her old 
age. Her father, James Rea, was bom in Boston, Mass., 
October 9, 1779. Mias Rea married, in December, 1836, Jno, 
V. Lawrence, son of Elisha 
Lawrence of this county 
and his wife Polly Vaughan, 
a prominent and successful 
merchant in Murfreesboro. 
I They reared eight ohildren; 
Capt, L. C. Lawrence, who 
married, in 1867, Sue E. 
Southall, daughter of Jno, W. 
Southall ; Mattie A., who mar- 
ried, in 1869, S. F. Pearce, 
of Camden County; James N. Lawrence, who married 
Rettie Pruden, in 1870, of IsTansemond County, Virginia, 
and who are the parents of Lloyd J. Lawrence, Esq., one 
of the county's lawyers; Dr. John O. Lawrence, who mar- 
ried Tibbie Joynes in 1875, from Eastern Shore, Virginia. 
The Doctor was a very successful and reliable physician 
in his native town; he died in 1885, and his widow a 
few years thereafter married Judge Hance, of Baltimore 
City. The Doctor left no child. Charles A. Lawrence, mar- 
ried Anna Weirsdotz, of Norfolk, Virginia, in 1885, where 




100 



History of Hertford County, X. C. 




they now live. Annie married, in 1872, her cousin, John N. 
Vaiighan, a successful commission merchant of Norfolk, Va. 
Emily B. married, in 1876, 
Dr. "Walter Keid, a celebrated 
physician in ebe U. S. Army. 
Br. Reid died in 1904, leaving 
his wife and <»ie daughter sur- 
viving him. Their oldest 
duughter, EUen O., married 
the late Col. J. N. Harrell, No- 
vember 5, 1863. Mr. Law- 
rence was for a long time an 
active justice of the peace in 
the county, and attended the 
terms of the County Court regularly. He was a man of 
etrong character and was greatly esteemed in the county. 
For a number of years he and CoL Uriah Vaughan carried 
on a mercantile business as Lawrence & Vaughan, and met 
with much success. His children and grandchildren follow 
nearly all the avocations of life, and are well scattered. He 
died in 1870, and his wife died in 1904. 

William Rea, son of Sampson, married Nancy Brown in 
1818, and was the father of Margaret, the wife of the late 
B. T. Spiers, of Buckhorn, and of the late Sampson Rea, 
of Illinois. He died in 1825 and is buried in this town. 
His daughter Mary Ann married, in 1822, Col. Benj. B. 
Oamp, of Murfreesboro, who was one of the old magistrates. 
Colonel Camp died October 9, 1833, and left one son, Wil- 
liam, who went West and became a Methodist preacher. His 
widow married Jos. T. Liles and died in 1838. William 
Rea, Jr., married, in 1824, Nancy Cross, of this county. He 
soon died, and his widow married Garrison. Smith in 1825. 
Smith also died early, and she married, in 1828, William 
T. Bynum, late of Maney's Keck, and was the mother of 
Bynum's daughters ilary and Annie. Bynum was married 
three times. One of his wives was a Stallings, of Gates, and 



Decade V.— 1800-1810. 101 

the last was the daughter of the late Jethro W. Barnes. 
William Kea's daughter Fannie married King Parker, the 
father of Kev. H. B. Parker and brother of Capt. Samuel 
Moore's wife, of Buckhom. 

BETROSPECT 1810. 

At the end of the first fifty years of the county's existence, 
we find the United States on the verge of another war with 
Great Britain. Let us look back and see what we have done 
and the changes that have taken place since the birth of the 
county. The Province has been transformed into an inde- 
pendent and sovereign State. The yoke of British authority 
had been thrown off. We bow no longer at the altar of kings 
and royal governors, nor suffer under arbitrary laws, but live 
under a constitution adopted by our people, and governed by 
oflScers of our choice. A compact had been entered into by 
the thirteen original States for their mutual protection 
against their common foes. A constitution for the govern- 
ment of the United States has been framed and adopted. 
The number of States by this time had been increased to 
seventeen. Schools had been established throughout the 
States. The University of North Carolina had been estab- 
lished. The academy for boys and girls had been incorpor- 
ated and established in Murfreesboro in 1794, and presided 
over by able educators. The population of the county had 
greatly increased by a highly educated Christian people, its 
towns had become inhabited by a wealthy and energetic class 
of business men and traders, while many of the old worthies 
of the county had filled honorable graves, the living were 
taking their places and rapidly advancing to places of great 
honor and public trust in the State and country. Her sons 
were widely known for their high character, patriotism and 
eminent ability. Her daughters were the product of a lofty 
and noble Christian civilization. Churches were dotted 
throughout her borders and their pulpits filled by ministers 
equal to those of the present day. Her profound Lemuel 



102 History of Hertford County, X. C. 

Burkitt had been pleading for the Master and for Higher 
Liberty with burning eloquence and with great success. 
While her Samuel Wells, a follower of the Wesleys, had by 
his logic and wonderful discourses, fastened the Wesleyan 
Methodism in the hearts of many of her people and estab- 
lished the first Methodist church in Murfreesboro in 1806. 
With a high civilization and with her gifted sons and noble 
daughters, the county moved onward with beatific dreams 
for her future goal. 

The thirteen original States were Delaware, Pennsylvania, 
New Jersey, Greorgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, 
South Carolina, Xorth Carolina, New Hampshire, New 
York, Virginia, and Rhode Island. These States first con- 
stituted the United States. Vermont was admitted to the 
Union in 1791, Kentucky admitted in 1792, Tennessee in 
1796, and Ohio in 1802. From the territory west of the 
Mississippi, purchased by the United States from France in 
1803, the following States have been admitted to the Union : 
Louisiana in 1812, Missouri in 1821, Arkansas in 1836, 
Iowa in 1846, Minnesota in 1858, Kansas in 1861, Nebraska 
in 1867, North and South Dakotas, Montana and Wyoming 
in 1890, and Oklahoma and Indian Territory in 1906. 




DECADE VI. 

1810—1820. 

War clouds are forming. Soon the call to arms will be 
heard. The county's representative in the Senate is not 
changed until 1818, when Gen. Boone Felton succeeds Gen- 
eral Wynns, and the former is succeeded in 1819 by his 
cousin, John H. Frazier, and the latter is supplanted by the 
old Sheriff, Thomas Deanes. There are some changes in the 
county's representatives in the House. Hertford was prolific 
in her able men. General Felton is again seen in the House 
in 1811, 1813, 1814 and 1817. Oapt Jethro Darden de- 
feats William Jones and returns to his old place in 1812. 
General Felton is defeated in 1812 by the scholarly, chival- 
rous and able lawyer, William H. Murfree, of Murfreesboro. 
This was a strong team. No counly in the State was better 
represented. Mr. Murfree was one of the ablest lawyers in 
the State. In the spring of 1813 he was elected to Congress 
from the Edenton district over Gen. Joseph Riddick, of Gates, 
Lemuel Sawyer, of Pasquotank, and Hinton, of Chowan, by 
a majority of 603 votes over his strongest competitor. This 
we get from the issue of May 13, 1813, of the Hornet's Nest, 
Sawyer was then a member of Congress. Murfree was again 
elected in 1815, serving four years, 1813-1817. He de- 
clined a third nomination. In Congress he was an able and 
strong defender of the dignity of the United States in its war 
^vith Great Britain. He married Elizabeth Meredith Maney, 
daughter of James Maney IV., of Murfreesboro, and they 
had a son, William Law Murfree, who was bom in Murfrees- 
boro, N. C. In 1823, Hon. William H. Murfree moved, 
with his family, to Tennessee to look after his large interests 
there which he inherited from his father. Col. Hardy Mur- 
free, and died in 1827. His son, Wm. Law Murfree, was 
afforded the best advantages for the highest education. Nat- 
urally very bright, he became a profound scholar and lawyer. 
He graduated at the head of his class at the University of 



104 HisTOBY OF Hertford County, N. 0. 

Nashville, Tennessee. He also inherited a large estate from 
his father and owned large cotton plantations in Mississippi 
and Tennessee. He married Fannie Priscilla Dickinson, 
daughter of David Dickinson, and reared three children. 
Miss Fanny N. D. Murfree, who is the authoress of a success- 
ful novel entitled "Felicia"; and Miss Mary Noailles Mur- 
free, who is also an authoress of nineteen volumes of fiction, 
published under the non de plume of "Charles Egbert Crad- 
dock." She now resides in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, a city 
established by her great-grandfather, Col. Hardy Murfree; 
and William Law Murfree, Jr., who married Miss Louise 
Knostman. William Law Murfree, Sr., was himself an able 
writer. In 1881 he moved from Murfreesboro, Tennessee, 
to St. Louis, where he edited the Central Law Journal for 
three years, 1886, 1887 and 1888. Many of the legal profes- 
sion in this State remember well the able articles from his 
pen, which were freely copied from in the law periodicals of 
London and Dublin, and in Canada and Australia. While 
in St. Louis he wrote three law books, viz., "On Sheriffs,'' 
on "Official Bonds,'' and "The Justice of the Peace." He 
was also an able contributor to the literary magazines, the 
Century, Scrihner, and others. He returned to Murfrees- 
boro, Tennessee, in 1890, and died in August, 1892. The 
Hardy Murfree who graduated at Chapel Hill, N. C, in 
1848, was a son of Matthias B. Murfree. There is a town 
by the name of Murfreesboro in Pike County, Arkansas. 
The Murfrees and Maneys intermarried. Hon. John Bell, 
of Tennessee, who was one of the candidates for President of 
the United States in 1860, married Louisa, the elder daugh- 
ter of David Dickinson and sister to the wife of Wm. Law 
Murfree. 

In 1811, Col. William Jones first appears as one of the 
county's representatives in the House. He is the younger 

Note. — Mrs. J. H, Hillman of Pittsburg, Penn., was Miss Sarah Mur- 
free Fraser, the daughter of Henry Fraser of Tennessee and wife Eliza- 
beth Mtirfree, daughter of Wm. Law Murfree of Murfreesboro, Tenn. 



Decade VI.— 1810-1820. 105 

brother of James Jones, who retired from public life in 1806. 
He lived and died on the farm later owned by the late Daniel 
Vanpelt Sessoms. He served in the house for five terms. 

In 1812, the United States became involved in war with 
Englandw James Madison was President of the United 
States. Greorge III. was still King of England. His malig- 
nant heart had not relented. He cherished malice against 
the former colonies. England had a strong navy, and they 
began in many ways to interfere with American commerce, 
by sending its warships to hover around American ports and 
prevent free traffic between Americans and other countries, 
and in that way injure our commerce and humiliate the 
States. War was declared in June, 1812. Most of the 
fighting was near the Canadian borders, yet much fighting 
occurred along the Atlantic coast as far down as Xorfolk, 
Virginia, and in the Virginia waters, and around Charleston, 
S. C. Joseph F. Dickinson, of Murfreesboro, entered the 
war from Hertford, as Brigadier-General, and was put in 
command of the American troops around Norfolk, Va., a 
position assigned to Col. Benj. Wynns, of Hertford County, 
in the War of 1776-1782. The war ended in March, 1814, 
as a result of the capturing of the British ^'Penguin' off the 
coast of Brazil, by the American Hornet. A treaty of peace 
between the two countries was arranged and ratified to meet 
in the summer of 1814, at Ghent, in Belgium. The com- 
missioners on the part of the United States were John Adams, 
James A. Bayard, Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell and Albert 
Gallatin. The treaty which was agreed upon, was simply to 
stop the war and both countries behave themselves in the 
future. It was "much ado about nothing." 

Hertford County furnished to this war, in addition to Gen- 
eral Dickinson, the following soldiers: 

Irwin Jenkins, Capt ; Everett Garrett, Lt ; Benjamin Hill, 
Ensign; Andrew Oliver, Cadet; James Spiers, Cadet; Wm. 
Walton, 1st Sergt ; Hardy Banks, 2d Sergt ; Josiah Battle, 
3d Sergt ; John Scott, 4th Sergt. ; Arthur Booth, 1st Corp. ; 



106 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Elisha Horton, 2d Corp. ; Charles Jeoakiiis, 3d Corp. ; J. 
Witherington, 4th Corp. ; John Manning, drummer ; "Wiley 
Brown, fifer ; James Early, Lemuel HoUoman, James Hayes, 
Thomas Brittx>n, Luke McGlaughon, Nathan Baker, Corne- 
lius H. Godwin, Anthony Brown, Anthony Williams, Noah 
Evans, Jacob Sewell, Jethro Sewell, Jacob Hare, John Baker, 
John Scull, Thomas Holland, Henry DeBerry Jenkins, John 
Curl, John Denton, William Ballester, Thomas Clark, Josiah 
I. Atkins, Lewis Carter, Jonas Atkins, Henry Brantley,. 
William Williams, Henry Wiggins, Miles Hobbs, John Ever- 
ett, Alexander Booth, Thomas Thorne, Zachariah Brown, 
Edward Crump, Anthony B. Lee, John Benthall, Robert 
Branliley, Th'omas Neal, Alexander Smith, Wm. Brown,. 
Isaac Pearce, George Askew, Edward Brantley, Henry Eure, 
Joseph G. Eea, William Wynns, Thomas Weston, Allen L. 
Ramsay, Elisha Mints, James Parker, Benj. Ezell, Britton 
Sikes, William Andrews, Isaac Foster, John C. Montgomery^ 
Reuben Clark, Lewis Boone, Josiah Robbins, Eli j all Archer,. 
Ephraim King, Samuel Boone, Mathuel Archer, James Ral- 
eigh, John Weaver, James B. Jones, Hardy Davis, Mills. 
Walters, Abram Boone, West Boone, John Bizzett. 

Muster roll of the detached militia organized in August,. 
1814; 1st regiment, composed of Chowan, Currituck, Cam- 
den, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Gates, Hertford, Bertie,. 
Iforthampton, Halifax, Warren and Nash. 

Hertford's list. 

Irvin Jenkins, Captain ; Benj. Hill, Lieut. ; Henry G. 
Darden, Ensign; Benj. Brown, Drummeir; Silasi Shewcroft^ 
Fifer ; William Brown, James Johnston, Willie Willoughby, 
Luke Hare, John Brown, Burwell Eure, Jacob Overton, Eli- 
sha Overton, Jeremiah Aikin, William Wynns, Wm. W. 
Whitfield, Jeremiah D. Aikin, James Rasberry, Jr., Allen 
Moore, Wm. Downing, James Barnes, Willie CuUon, Jesse 
Harrison, Wm. Sessoms, Geo. HoUoman, Jr., Justin Hollo- 
man, Samuel Britton, Jethro Sewell, Aaron Hare, Isaac 



Decade VI.— 1810-1820. 107 

Baker, David Welch, Jr., William Sewell, Thomas Elerton, 
Benj. Hocal, Geo. H. Bond, Isaac Taylor, Wm. Pumell, Wm. 
Yeates, Samuel Parker, William Teaster, Beaj. Wynns, Sam- 
uel Ely, Eli Harrell, Boan Driver, John Dickinson, Thomas 
Early, John P. Hare, Stephen Howell, John A. Anderson, 
Benj. Blare, Sterling Francis, Arthur Vick, George Whitley, 
Jno. Seall, David Williams, James Skinner, Henry Brantley, 
Daniel Williams, James Worrell, Thomas Faircloth, Benj. 
Williams, Lemuel Sanders, Gray Mahone, John Vinson, 
John Vaughan, Jonas Clifton, William Rogers, Nelson Joy- 
ner, Wm. Andrews, Robert Montgomery, William Parker, 
Mathias Cook, Hilary Vaughan, Joel Grizzard, Hardy M. 
Banks, Wm. A. Payne. Walter B. Myrick was in the war 
from Southampton County, Virginia. 

Below we will give a few names of some of the brave and 
patriotic sons of other counties in North Carolina, who faced 
the British on the field of battle, when she was attempting to 
defeat the American independence and government, viz. : 

Capt. Sampson Glenn and Mark Glenn, of Person County ; 
Benj. Glenn, of Surry County, and Benj. H. Wortham, of 
Granville; John I. Cunningham., Cunningham Sharp, Lan- 
caster Cunningham, and Samuel Wellbome, of Mecklenburg ; 
Duncan Cunningham and Alex. Cunningham, of Richmond, 
and Benj. Scarborough, of Greene, and Jesse Scarborough, 
of 'New Hanover; Peter Wynns, of Tyrrell; David Wynns, 
Henry Wynns, and George Wynns, of Martin County. 

NORTHAMPTON COUNTY. 

Capt. James C. Harrison, Stephen Winborne, Lemuel Win- 
borne, Winbome Futrell, David Boone, William Boone, Ar- 
thur Tyner, Mica j ah Futrell, Lemuel Vaughan, Goodwin 
Daniel, James Vaughan, Benj. Vaughan, ISTehemiah Vinson, 
Jiles Lewter, Benj. Griffin, Gilbert Grifiin, James Grifiin, 
Brittain Lassi.ter, John Jenkins, Benj. Jenkins, Benj. Law- 
rence, Nathan Pope, Samuel Warren, Edwin Liles. 



108 HisTOBY OF Hebtfobd County, N. 0. 

BEBTIE COUNTY. 

Benj. Winbome, Lodawick Pruden, Thomas Hoggard, 
Tristram Capehart, Thos. S. West, Wm. Castelloiw. 

HALIFAX COUNTY. 

Lt. John Peebles, Wm. K. Daniel. 

GATES COUNTY. 

Hardy Williams, Kobert Parker, Wm. Pyland, Lt. Isaac 
K. Hunter. 

HOBNETS NEST. 

On September 3, 1812, the publication of the Hornets 
Nest, a newspaper, in Murfreesboro, was begun. The editor 
was Bryant Bramble, Esq., and published by Rea & Hunting- 
ton, of Murfreesboro. Mr. L. J. Lawrence, the law-partner 
of the author, has several copies of it, and we have had access 
to its newsy columns. It was spirited and spicy, and a newsy 
paper. It was correctly named. It contains news not only 
throughout North Carolina, but throughout Europe, New 
England, and all the States of the Union. It was thoroughly 
American in sentiment, and for war. 

We culled from these issues of this noted paper some in- 
formation about the town of Murfreesboro and its people. 
The "Hertford Academy" was located here, and the General 
Assembly of the State passed a law authorizing George Gor- 
don, William P. Morgan (who lived on the lot where the 
author now resides), Patrick Brown and Ephraim Wheeler, 
of Murfreesboro, to conduct a lottery for the benefit of the 
Academy. Tickets were regularly sold for prizes, which 
nmountod to $8,000.00. 

From this paper we find the names of Alexander Banks, 
John Wheeler, William Eea and Joseph Kea, John Dawley, 
Abnor Williams, and others of Murfreesboro's business men. 
Wo learn of Jabez Wheeler, of Winton. And of Elisha Fel- 
ton, Tx»>wis Walters, Jno. Vann and Joseph F. Dickinfion, com- 
missioners appointed by the County Court to have the county 



Decade VI.— 1810-1820. 109 

court-house and jail repaired. We also learn from it that 
Joseph F. Dickinson, in February, 1813, owned the hotel lot 
and the other lots between that and the Chowan Kiver, now 
owTied by Jordan and Parker, and also the Winton Ferry, 
and the swamp land across the river in Gates County, and 
he offers the whole for sale, as he intends to move to Mur- 
freesboro to live. He was then Clerk of the Court He en- 
tered the army in the War of 1812-1814. He was promoted 
to the rank of Brigadier-Greneral. His deputy performed 
the duties of the oflS.ce until his return. 

Thomas Deanes made his debut as a legislator in 1815. 
He had served for a number of years as Sheriff of the county, 
and was well known and belonged to a large and influential 
family. He was the son of Daniel Deanes, who lived near 
where Oris Parker, Esq., now resides. Our Clerk of Court, 
Thomas Deanes Boone, is a descendant of him^; so was Gren. 
William Deanes Barnes, of Florida. 

The elegant Thomas Maney, another of Hertfords' gifted 
lawvers, entei's the House in 1817. He was a descendant of 
Maj. James Maney, who died in MaHey's Neck in 1754. He 
won honors in his profession before leaving the county and 
State. In 1825 he moved with his family to Tennessee, and 
became a great judge in that State. 

The Maneys were among Hertford's most prominent peo- 
ple during the first fifty years of the Eepublic. James 
Maney, the first, a French Huguenot, when he first came to 
America, early in the 18th century, settled on Long Island. 
Afterwards he moved to Virginia, and thence to Iforth 
Carolina, and located on the Chowan River in Hertford 

• 

County, near the present Maney's Ferry. He soon became 
the owner of a large body of land bounded by Chowan Kiver, 
Buckhom Swamp, and reaching up as high as Como, taking 
in the land of the late Abram Riddick, Capt. J. H. Picot, 
Capt. Samuel Moore, and the lands in the Bartonville sec- 
tion. He established Maney's Ferry, which is mentioned in 
Colonial Records as one of the King's places for landing his 



110 History of Hertford Couis^ty, 'N, C. 

army stores. Prior to the formation of Hertford County 
these lands were in Northampton, He was Major in His 
Majesty's militia in Northampton County, and also a justice 
of the peace as far back as 1744, and died in the year 1754. 
William Short was made major to succeed him. Col. Rec, 
vol. 5, p. 163. He left a son, James, who married Miss 
Susanna Ballard. James Maney, the second, was a vestry- 
man in Northwest Parish in Northampton County in 1758, 
and one of Hertford's representatives in the General Assem- 
bly in 1778. He left only one eon, James III., who married 
Elizabeth Baker, the daughter of Gen. Lawrence Baker. 
They left four children — James, Henry, Susanna, and Pris- 
cilla. Susanna married Gen. Thomas Wynns. Henry died 
while young. 

Priscilla married a Mr. Burgess, and James married Miss 
Mary Roberts, of Murfreesboro. James alone left children. 
Mrs. Mary Maney, the wife of James, the fourth, died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1815, aged 46 years and 26 days, and Mrs. Susanna 
Wynns, wife of General Wynns, died January 5, 1822, aged 
56 years and 5 months. Both are buried with their hus- 
bands on the Abram Riddick farm, which was the old Maney 
homestead. 

James IV. left six children — James, Elizabeth Meredith, 
Thomas, Mary, Henry, and William. James Maney, the 
fifth, was a distinguished doctor in Murfreesboro. He mar- 
ried Miss Sallie H. Murfree, and William married Miss 
Martha Murfree, daughters of Col. Hardy Murfree, of Mur- 
freesboro, N. C, in this county. Elizabeth M. married Hon. 
Wm. H. Murfree. Henry married Miss Mary Brov^rn, of 
Murfreesboro, N. C, daughter of Samuel Brown. Thomas, 
who was a prominent and leading lawyer in Hertford County 
and Eastern North Carolina, lived in Murfreesboro, and 
married Miss Annie R. Southall of that town, sister of the 
late John W. Southall. 

In 1790, as appears from the U. S. Census, James Maney 
and Mrs. Peggy Maney resided in Hertford. Thomas Ma- 




JVDCJE TH0MA3 MANEY. 



Decade VI.— 1810-1820. Ill 

ney represented Hertford County in the General Assembly 
in 1817. The name is spelt in the State histories "Manney." 
But on investigation of the old records of Northampton and 
the old Colonial Records of the State, I found that the oldest 
as well as the younger members, spelt the name Maney, 
which is correct. I foolishly spelt it Manney in the history 
of "The Winbome Family'' for the first time in all my pro- 
fessional life. I fell in the error by seeing it spelt in the 
old histories of the State, Maamey. 

The four Maney brothers — James, Henry, Thomas, and 
William — emigrated from Hertford County, N. C, to Ten- 
nessee about the year 1825. Dr. James and Henry Maney 
settled near Murfreesboro, Tenn., and Thomas and William 
at Franklin in that State. 

Henry Maney and family left Teniiessee early in the fifties 
and moved to Texas, where his children now reside. 

None of these brothers were in public life except Thomas 
Maney, who was elected Circuit Court Judge about 1839 or 
1840, and was re-elected for some sixteen or eighteen years, 
and before his last term expired he resigned and enjoyed 
private life until his death, April 10, 1864. After his elec- 
tion to the judgeship he moved from Franklin to Nashville, 
so as to be in the center of his circuit, which was composed 
of Williamson, Davidson, and Sumner counties. 

None of the Maneys entered political life in Tennessee 
except David Maney, son of Dr. James Maney, who repre- 
sented his county in the legislature some few years before 
his death, some five or six years since. Henry Maney, the 
third living son of Judge Thomas Maney, was in early man- 
hood editor of the Nashville Gazette, and was also elected to 
the legislature, as floater, of his flotorial district, and who 
died soon after in 1859. Gen. George Maney, the oldest 
living son of Judge Maney, was a* lieutenant in the First 
Tennessee Regiment in the Mexican War, and entered politi- 
cal life soon after the close of that war and was elected to 
the legislature. When our Civil War commenced, he was 



112 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

made Colonel of the First Tennessee Regiment, C. S. A., and 
was soon made Brigadier-General, and so served throughout 
the war, but during the latter part was incapacitated for 
much active service on account of wounds. 

Returning home after the war, he was made president of 
the Tennessee and Pacific Railroad, and became a Republican 
in politics, and was elected to the Senate in the Tennessee 
legislature. He had unlimited influence over Governor Sen- 
ter during the carpet-bag period, and it was greatly to that 
influence that the government was restored to the Confeder- 
ates, and the INTegro and carpet-bag r^me was overthrown, 
and the State was then governed by the Confederate Demo- 
crats. He represented the United States as minister to 
Columbia for four years and afterwards as minister to 
Uragua and Paragua for four more. 

General Maney died in Wasbington City on February 9, 
1901. James D. Maney, second living son of Thomas 
Maney, was living in Petersburg, Va., at the beginning of 
our war, and was captain of a Virginia company; was later 
promoted to major and transferred to the Army of Ten- 
nessee. After the war he returned to ISTashville and entered 
the railroad business and was for many years comptroller of 
the IT. C. and St. Louis Railroad. His health giving away 
he resigned and is now living a very private life. 

Frank Maney, the youngest son of Judge Maney, was at 
West Point Military Academy when the Italian revolution, 
under Garibaldi, commenced. He left West Point and 
joined the revolutionists, serving on the staff of General 
Avenzaza. At the close of the Italian revolution he re- 
turned to the United States and entered the Confederate Army 
as captain of a battery of artillery, and was captured when 
Fort Donelson fell. On his way to prison he escaped in 
Ohio, and made his way through Maryland to Richmond, 
then back to the Army of Tennessee, when he was made 
major of a battalion of sharp-shooters. He was killed soon 
after the war, in New Orleans. 



Decade VL— 1810-1820. 113 

Thomas Maney had two daughters. The oldest, Bettie 
Maney, married John Kim,berly, Professor of Chemistry in 
the University of North Carolina, and after the Civil War 
was a resident of Asheville, N. C. They both have been 
dead many years, and most of their children are residents of 
Asheville. 

The youngest, Annie, married Major John L. Sehon, a 
prominent young lawyer of Nashville, just at the beginning 
of the Civil War. On the retreat of our army she accom- 
panied her husband South, and died in Augusta, Ga., in 
1864. Major Sehon died a few years after the close of the 
war. 

Dr. James Maney, the oldest of the four brothers, had four 
children, three sons and one daughter, all of whom are now 
dead. Henry Maney, who moved to Texas in the fifties, had 
two sons and three daughters ; the eldest son, Henry Maney, 
became a judge of one of the courts of Western Texas. Wil- 
liam Maney raised a large family of five sons and. seven 
daughters, all of whom made, good and substantial citizens, 
but none entered public life. Maney's Ferry, and that beau- 
tiful section of the county, "Maney's Neck," took its name 
from this family, though it is often spelled "Manney's 

Neck." 

"FUDGE." 

A REMARKABLE CRIMINAL TRIAL. 

About the year 1818 Joseph T. Liles, Thomas Faircloth, 
James Spiers and William Rogers, four citizens of Mur- 
freesboro of good standing, were arrested and brought before 
a justice of the peace for a hearing, upon the charge of hav- 
ing, the night before, forcibly entered the dwelling-house of 
Jethro Pender, who lived at the old Weaver place, on the 
hill between Murfreesboro and Maple Fork Branch, and beat 
Pender until he was nearly dead, and robbed his house of a 
trunk, which was carried out, and $300 and other valuables, 
taken and carried off. 

8^ 



114 History of Hertford Oouxty. ♦ 

Liles, Faircloth and Rogers were soldiers in the War of 
1812. At the trial the granddaughter of Pender, who alone 
lived with him, testified that she was in the house with her 
grandfather when three of the men broke into the house, and 
one remained on the outside. They were disguised. She 
begged them not to kill her grandfather; they beat him 
badly and took out the trunk. That she heard them talking 
to each other, and she h^ard them call the names of Jo. Liles, 
Jim Spiers, Bill Rogers, and Tom Faircloth. Upon this 
evidence these men were put in jail to await a trial in the 
Superior Court for their lives. They knew they were not 
guilty, but their lives were in great jeopardy. Under the 
law at that time they were not allowed to testify. The friends 
of each tried to get him to turn State's witness against the 
other three and receive amnesty from the State. Liles, 
Spiers and Faircloth declared their innocence, and said they 
would die before they would swear to a lie to take the lives 
of their neighbors. Rogers yielded to the pressure and con- 
fessed his guilt, and testified, implicating the others. They 
were convicted, and Liles, Spiers and Faircloth were sen- 
tenced to be hanged. 

A few days before they were to be executed a message 
oame to the sheriff of the county from a negro in jail in Suf- 
folk, Va., under sentence of death. The sheriff went to 
Suffolk and saw the negro. He told the sheriff that the men 
in Winton jail under sentence of death for robbing Jethro 
Pender, were innocent. That they knew nothing of the 
robbery. He confessed his guilt and stated to the sheriff all 
the circumstances of the crime and the names of the other 
three negroes who were with him. That they disguised 
themselves, and that they called themselves Jo. Liles, Jim 
Spiers, Bill Rogers and Tom Faircloth to mislead Pender 
and his granddaughter. His companions were Willis Fudge, 
Harvey Fudge and Aaron Wynns. He informed the sheriff 
liow they divided the money, and where he could find the 
hair trunk. That they took from the trunk, besides $300 
in money, a piece of black velvet goods, and Aaron Wynns 



Decade VI.— 1810-1820. 116 

had a jacket made of the goods. That Harvey Fudge bought 
a white horse with his part of the money. The sheriff re- 
turned and found the trunk in the place where he was told to 
look, and other faicts just as related to him by the Suffolk 
criminal. 

Steps were promptly taken. to secure the pardon and re^ 
lease of Liles, Spiers and Faircloth. Spiers survived the 
ordeal but a short time. Liles and Fairdoth lived several 
years and when the end came their bodies were placed to rest 
by kind, sympathetic and appreciative friends, in the burial 
ground on the river hill. 

Thomas Faircloth was an old ancestor of the late Chief 
Justice W. T. Faircloth, of Goldsboro, N. 0. 

ISTo person charged with crime could testify in his own 
behalf in North Carolina, as in many other States, until 
1881, nor could one testify in his own interest in civil suits 
until March 12, 1866. There is no doubt but that unnum- 
bered wrongs have been inflicted under the laws as handed 
down to us by our English ancestors. 

The facts of the above trial were published in a pamphlet 
entitled "Fudge.'' 

During this decade the county received many valuable 
additions to her population. Among them were Seth South- 
all and Eev. Daniel Southall, who immigrated from Amelia 
County, Va., and settled in Murfreesboro in 1815. 

Daniel was bom August 9, 1768. Prior thereto, in 1806, 
Rev. Samuel Wells became a citizen of the town, and by his 
zealous efforts the first Methodist church was established in 
the town. He lived at the Willis Warren place, and was the 
grandfather of the wife of the late James W. Hill, of Mur- 
freesboro. Kev. Southall was a man of great energy and 
success in both spiritual and temporal things. He was a 
Methodist and preached with great power and pathos. Dr. 
O'Dwyer often speaks of his powerful and persuasive ser- 
mons. By his wonderful discourses on the Gospel he soon 
established a large membership for the Methodist church and 
gave it the ascendency in the town. He was twice married. 



116 History of Hektfobd Copntt, N. C, 

His fijst wife was a niece of (Jen. Joseph Riddick, of Gates ; 
his second wife was the sister of Gov. John Branch, of !North 
Carolina. Rev, Southall was also a large and succeBsfnl 
merchant. He died in Washington Citj while there on a 
visit, and was buried in that city about 1835. He lived in 
the house formerly occupied by Dr. R. H. Worthington, the 
first compounder and patentee of the famous "Worthington 
Cholera. Compound." 

J Rev. Southall'a eldest son, 

John W. Southall, was bom 
July 28, 1797, and resided in 
Murfreesboro up to his death, 
July 3, 1873. Like his father, 
was married ^wioe. He 
' first married Julia, daughter 
of Richard and Martha John- 
son, of New York, at Buck- 
horn Chapel, November 1, 
1825: Their daughter, Julia, 
married Thomas N. Myriek, 
December 19, 1847. After the death of his Johnson wife 
■he married, March 4, 1842, Mrs. Mary Wynns, widow of 
the late Wm, B. Wynns, and acquired by this marriage a 
laj^ estate. By this marriage he had two daughters, the 
present Mrs. Capt. L. 0. Lawrence and Mary W., who died 
young. 

John W. Southall was a great Methodist, and spent his 
money freely to advance the cause of his church, and was a 
devoted friend to the upbuilding of the Wesleyan Female 
College of his tx>wn. He took an active interest in the aifairs 
of the county, and served as a magistrate for a number of 
years prior to the Civil War. His fine horses were often 
commented upon and he took great pride in showing them. 
His last u-ife died March 22, 1900, in her 89th year. 

His brother, James H. Southall, married June 7, 1837, 
Sarah C, the daughter of John and Sarah Wheeler, and 
later moved to Columbus, Miss, 




Decade VI.— 1810-1820. 117 

Rev, Southall had two daughters. His elder daughter, 
Annie R., married Judge Thamas Maney prior to his re- 
moval to Tennessee in 1825, His second daughter married 
Tristram Capehart, who lived where the late Col. J. N. Har- 
rell resided. Mr. Capehart'a daughter, Caroline, married 
Prof. John Kimberly, the old sehool-teapher at Buckhom, 
and later professor in the University at Chapel Hill. Prof. 
Kimberly moved to the county from the North when he was 
a young man, and bought the Titus Darden place at Buck- 
horn and settled there. His daughter, Miss Rebecca Kim- 
berly, now lives in Asheville, K. C. 

Another valuable addition was Robert Warren, of Vir- 
ginia, who in 1818 settled in Maney's Neck. He was the 
great-uncle of the writer. While he never married, he was 
a mode] citizen, and his example as a noble man and chari- 
table neighbor was of untold value. He was the son of Col. 
Etheldred Warren, an officer in the Revolutionary War, from 
Virginia, and a grandson of Samuel Warren, of Virginia. 
Dr. Richard B. Baker, of Hickory, N. C, brother of Mrs, 
Sue J. Myrick, of Murfrcosboro, and a former citizen of this 
county, and a grandson of General Baker, writes that he 
knew Robert and his brother Etheldred Warren well, and 
that no nobler men ever lived. This grand old man died 
in 1846. 

The writers grandmother, 
Martha Winborne, often told 
him that her brother, Robert 
Warren, was said to resemble 
George Washington. He was 
aristocratic in his dress and 
bearing, and was fond of the 
music of the chase, and placed 
great value on his well-trained 
pack of fox hounds. He per- 
sistently declined to accept any 
office, preferring the liberties 




118 History of Hertford County, jKT. 0. 

of private life. His home was known as "Oedar Hill/' Dr. 
Baker speaks in his letter of December, 1905, of Robert's 
brother, Etheldred Warren, as the "old Saxon." The latter 
was a soldier in the War of 1812 from his native State Vir- 
ginia; and their father was Col. Etheldred Warren, of revo- | 
lutionary fame, from Virginia. He was bom January 16, 
1749, and married Margaret E. Darden, October 15, 1775. 
Colonel Warren was the son of Samuel Warren, of Virginia. 

Titus Darden, on December 10, 1819, purchased from 
Wm. H. Murfree the tract of land where Capt. J. H. Picot 
now resides at Buckhorn, it being lot jKTo. 3 in the division 
of the lands of James Maney III. Titus Darden was the 
brother of Jethro Darden, and died in 1834, leaving a will 
in which he mentioned his children, William H., Harriet T., 
James C, and Elizabeth J. Darden. He made Thomas P. 
Little and John Waddill his executors. William H. Darden 
married Elizabeth Brett, sister of William and Mills Brett, 
and lived near Union. They were the parents of our James 
H. Darden, the leading merchant at Union. (See Decade 8). 

Maj. John W. Moore, in his History of the State, speaks of 
a fashionable wedding in Hertford County in 1803, which 
was witnessed by many of the celebrities of the county, and 
the handsome beaux and the gay ^aad beautiful belles of the 
county made brilliant the occasion; and when under the 
strains of the eloquent music of the negro fiddlers, the vener- 
able Gen. Thomas Wynns and Robert Montgomery partici- 
pated enthusiastically in the dancing. 

We will present you with the likeness of a bride of Mur- 
freesboro about fifteen years later — ^Mrs. Frank Jeggitts. 




Decade VI.— 1810-1820. 119 

The Je^tts family waa one 
of the old and fashionable 
families of the Borough. They 
were of French-Huguenot de- 
scent. The name was origi- 
I nally spelled Jegitts. Dr. 
Lewis M. Jeggitts was in the 
House from the county in 
1822. His brother David 
moved to Mecklenburg Coun- 
ty, Va. They were the sons 
of William Je^itts. John 
Je^itta married widow Barshaba Hill, and left two daugh- 
ters, Barshaba and Sallie, who are remembered by many of 
our people of to-day. Edw. K. Jeggitts, the old sheriff who 
died in 1846, has a daughter living in town now — Miss Mag- 
gie Je^itts, a faithful friend and companion of Mrs. Susan 
J, Myrick, the granddaughter of General Baker, 

Sheriff Je^itts first lived near Mt. Tabor Church, but 
later at the old William Kea place, now owned by H. T. 
Lassiter. Frank Je^tts was the son of Edw. R. Jeggitts, 
and they lived in town where the Rev. C. W. Scarborough 
now resides, Frank was extremely fond of dress, and always 
looked like he was dressed for a wedding occasion. Mrs, 
Jeggitts, whose likeness is seen above, was his second wife. 
She was regarded as one of the most beautiful women of her 
day. They moved to Tennessee. 

The spirit of education continues. In 1820, Samuel Nich- 
olson, of Maney's Neck, established a high school near the 
present site of Buckhom Academy, and for years conducted 
a. Buccessful school at that place. Many of our old ancestors 
in the Neck received their early education at this ancient seat 
of learning. Nicholson married the wealthy widow, Sallie 
Hill, and died in the 8th decade in New York City. After 
his marriage to the rich widow he gave up the school and was 
succeeded by a Mr. Durbar, and the latter by a Mr. Warner, 



120 History of Hertford County, IST. C. 

of Connecticut, and Warner was succeeded by Mr. Bogart, 
the father of the late John H. Bogart, of Franklin, Va. 

Mr. Bogart was a jKTorthern gentleman and a fine instruc- 
tor, but he did not remain long, when he was succeeded by 
Prof. John Kimberly, of Brooklyn, jKT. Y., a gentleman of 
culture and refinement, a ripe scholar and a splendid in- 
structor. A few of his situdents at Buckhom are still living 
and they enjoy relating their experiences at this ancient and 
classic school. Our father was one of the Kimberly boys, 
and before his death he delighted his family in recalling the 
fate of some of the boys. Professor Kimberly gave the school 
a State reputation as a first-class academy, for the thorough 
training and instruction of young men. Professor Kimberly 
while teaching this school married Caroline, the daughter of 
Tristram Capehart, of Murfreesboro, by his first wife Emma, 
the daughter of Eev. Daniel Southall. His second wife was 
Bettie, the daughter of Judge Thomas Maney and wife, 
Rebecca Southall. Miss Kebecca Maney Kimberly, of Ashe- 
ville, N". C, is the daughter of Professor Kimberly by his 
last wife. In the early part of the Ninth Decade, Professor 
Kimberly was elected a professor in the University at Chapel 
Hill and moved to that place. He owned and lived, while 
in the county, at the present home of Prof. J. H. Picot at 
Buckhiom. Buckhom Academy was incorporated by the Gen- 
eral Assembly on January 9, 1847. Under the act the land 
cannot be sold and can be used only for school purposes. 
The trustees cannot in any way dispose of it. 

Prof. Geo. W. Neal, of Murfreesboro, who married the 
daughter of John Hart and wife, Betsy, of the same town, 
succeeded Prof. Kimberly at the Buckhorn Academy. Pro- 
fessor 'Nesil was a scholarly and able teacher. Our Judge 

Note. — Prof. Neal was a member of the faculty of the Wesleyan Fe- 
male College in Murfreesboro for several years after leaving Buckhorn. 
At the beginning of the Civil War he was the Principal of the Male 
Academy in the same town. From here he moved to Franklinton, N. C, 
where he conducted a high school for boys. From there he moved to 
New Bern, N. C, where he resided up to his death. 



Decade VI.— 1810-1 



121 



Walter II. Neal, of Scotland Oounty, N, C, is the learned 
son of the professor. After several years of successful teach- 
ing at the Academy he was succeeded by that elegant, schol- 
arly and Christian gentleman, Geoi^ A. Brett, of that sec- 
tion of the county. Mr. Brett was a graduate of Chapel 
Hill, and was one of Professor Kimberly'a Buckhom boys. 
He first taught at Williamston, Martin County, where he 
married Miss Slade of that county. About 1857 he was 
succeeded by our venerable Julian H. Picot, another of the 
Kimberly boys, and who delights to-day to talk of those mem- 
orable days. Professor Picot has presided over the destinies 
of that classic school with splendid success and commensurate 
ability from 1857 to the present time, excepting the period 
he was serving in the Civil War, training and educating the 
minds and hearts of the young men, and is still, in his old 
age, its principal, teaching the young idea how to shoot- He 
has prepared for college over 2,000 young men, and they can 
be found in all the busy walks of life. 

Professor Picot was bom 
May 20, 1832, in Plymouth, 
N. C, and was the son of 
Peter O, Picot and his wife 
Marietta, the daughter of Ed- 
mond Blount of that town. 
Professor Picot was a Confed- 
erate captain in the late Civil 
War, and served throughout 
tite struggle. He was pre- 
pared for college at Buckhom 
by Professor Kimberly. His 
father graduated at Chapel 
Hill in 1818 in the class with James K. Polk. Professor 
Picot's grandfather was an eminent surgeon in France and 
a close friend of Louis XVI, He came to this country and 
settled in Plymouth, !N. C, where he died in advanced age in 
1647, where he and his nephew, Louis Picot, who came to 




122 History of Heetfoed Couktt, N. C. 

this ooimtry in 1836, are buried aide by aide. His tomb has 
the following inscription: "Here lies the exiles of rrance." 
Captain Picot married Antoinette, the eldest daughter of T. 
D. Vann, who lived near Buckhom, in 1853, and moved to the 
county in 1855 and bought the home of Professor Kimberly, 
which was the third lot in the division of James Maney's 
lands, and where he still lives, enjoyii^ a h-appy old age. 
His children will be mentioned later. 

Captain Picot, after being prepared for college under the 
tutorship of Professor Kimberly, and then after two years at 
William Bingham's Military Academy, entered Columbian 
Collie, in the District of Columbia, where he prosecuted 
his studies with marked suceeaa, always ranking among the 
first in his classes. He completed his collegiate studies at 
Union University, N, Y., where he received his degree of 
A.M. in 1852. He is on© of the finest and moat polished 
linguists in the State. 

France cedes to the United States, as the result of Gen. 
Andrew Jackson's great victory at the Battle of New Or- 
leans, the territory of Florida in 1819, which was in that 
year admitted as a State in the Union. 




DECADE VII. 

1820—1830. 

This decade in the history of the county shows many 
changes. Gen. Joseph F. Dickinson, who had served the 
county for about twenty years as Clerk of the County Court, 
and as Brigadier-General in the War of 1812-1814, passes 
away on the 6th day of June, 1822, in his 47th year. He 
was the son of Joseph Dickinson, Jr., who was born in 
England, December 7, 1740, and arrived in America in 
1762 and died in Winton in 1784. General Dickinson's 
grandfather, Joseph Dickinson, Sr., was bom in England, 
February 25, 1712, arrived in America in July, 1774, and 
died in Winton, July 23, 1776. The Gtenenal married the 
beautiful and charming Peggy Gregory, and lived in Win- 
ton until 1813, when he moved to Murfreesboro and resided 
where Col. J. M. Wynns now resides. Mrs. Dickinson's 
brother, Thomas Gregory, has descendants to-day in Salis- 
bury. N. C. The General was very wealthy. He left 
no children. In his will he devised most of his ferge 
estate to his wife, w'ho soone years after his death married 
Dr. Isaac Pipkin, of Murfreesboro. He made Gen. Thomas 
Wynns and John Wheeler his executors. Dr. Pipkin by his 
marriage with the widow Dickinson reared two daughters, 
Anne Mari«a and Mary EUenor. The former died shortly after 
reaching womanhood, and the latter married Capt. Wm. B. 
Muse, of the U. S. Navy. 

George Gordon succeeded him as clerk. Gordon's first 
wife was Patsy Sharp, daughter of the first Starkey Sharp, 
by his second wife Jemima Hare. John Hare Gordon was 
the son of this marriage. He succeeded his father as Public 
Register for a short while. Father and son soon died. 
George Gordon's daughter, Barsha Gordon, by his marriage 
with the widow Harrell, married Dr. Lawrence O'Bryan, of 
Murfreesboro. 



124 History of Hertford County. 

James Wright Moore has passed away, and in 1825 his 
widow, Ester Cotton, married Capt. John Jones, of Virginia. 
Kev. Daniel Southall on June 5, 1825, preached the funeral 
sermon of Gen. Thomas Wynns. 

Andrew V. Duer begins a term of usefulness as Public 
Register. Lewis M. Cowper throws on the toga of Clerk of 
the County Court, which he wears for about forty years. 
He married Miss Collins, daughter of William Collins, of 
Portsmouth, Va., and reared two sons, the late Pulaski 
Cowper, of Raleigh, and Dr. E. L. Cowper, of Murf reesboro. 
R. G. Cowper, the brother of the clerk, takes charge of the 
office of High Sheriff for twenty years, excepting one term 
secured by Edw. K. Jeggitts. The office had just been va- 
cated by the death of Jesse Deanes. 

W. H. Murfree and Thomas Maney leave for Tennessee. 
Capt. James Frazier succumbs to the ravages of ripe old age. 
Rev. Daniel Southall continues to preach the gospel truths 
to the people with great power and pathos, and increases the 
membership of the Methodist society, and Jacob Hare and 
William Morgan are among the number to join. Rev. James 
Douglas thunders away at the Presbyterian church, and young 
Rev. William H. Jordan eloquently pleads for Higher Lib- 
erty and close communion, and Mrs. John Wheeler, Mrs. 
W. B. Wise, Miss Darden and Mrs. Perry Carter enroll their 
names as members of Parker's Baptist church, near Mur- 
freesboro, and Elisha Winbome and wife and Mrs. H. D. 
Jenkins joined at Mt. Tabor. 

In the summer of 1824 Jesse Deanes and Jacob Hare are 
candidates before the County Court for the office of High 
Sheriff of the county. Deanes received 18 votes and Hare 
2. Peter Butts succeeds John H. Gordon as Public Regis- 
ter, but who is overthrown by Andrew V. Duer in 1825. 

On the night of March 19, 1824, Dr. Thomas O'Dwyer, in 
his diary, states that Prince Murat arrived in Murfreesboro 
on the stage and puts up at the Indian Queen Hotel, and 
placed himself under the care of good old Moses Clements, 
the clever and genial proprietor. He remained in town a 



^ 



Decade VII.— 1820-1830. 125 

day or so, and then continued his journey to Florida, where 
he afterwards died. The Prince was the son of Joachim 
Murat, King of Naples, and a celebrated French cavalry 
leader, who was court-martialed and shot in 1815, It 
seems that a man had better shoot himself than to be a brave 
officer in the army of some countries. The Prince was ban- 
ished from his country on account of his claims to the throne 
of Naples. He died an exile in Florida in 1847. His 
mother was the sister of Napoleon Bonaparta 

James Copeland, who represented the county in the House 
in 1821 and 1823, and in the Senate in 1824 and 1825, was 
the son of John Copeland and lived in Winton and kept the 
hotel formerly owned by Gen. Jos, P, Dickinson, located on 
the lot on whidh now stands the hotel of Jordan & Parker. 
He was not a man of coll^iate education, but lie possessed 
a strong native intellect, whidi he had so improved that he 
became one of the leading men of his county. He died July 
11, 1826, at his home in Winton, and the Baleigh Register 
of July 25, 1826, speaks in high terms of this useful citizen. 
He left a wife and seven young children to battle with the 
world. His wife was a Miss Kilbns. 

James D. Wynns, who serv- 
ed with Copeland in the 
House in 1821, was the young- 
est son of Benjamin Wynns, 
of revolutionary history, and 
the uncle of our preeenl 
Col. James Wynns. Mr. 
Wynns served long as 
leading justices of the peace, 
and 83 one of the Special 
Court of the county for 
eral years prior to his 
to Bertie County. He married Sallie Johnson, daughter o1 
Col. John Johnson, of Bertie, a nephew of Gov. Samuel 
Johnson, of Edenton. 




126 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

Mr. Wynns, after his marriage, moved to his wife's plan- 
tation below Coleraine, in Bertie, and later moved to Eden- 
ton, where he resided until his death during the Civil War. 
He was a gentleman of refinement and education, polished 
in his manners and generous and kind to his neighbors. 
When young he was a favorite with his uncle, Qen. Thomas 
Wynns. 

John Hamilton Frazier, one of the county's representa- 
tives in the House in 1818, and her Senator in 1819, was of 
an aristocratic Tory family in the county. His father was 
Capt James Frazier, who owned a large body of land, around 
Frazier's Cross Koads, from whom the name of the place 
is taken. Captain Frazier was a man of great wealth and 
when the colonies seceded from the British government he 
declined to take sides with the sons of liberty, and com- 
manded a company of Tories and fought on the side of the 
British in the War of 1776-'82. He was a man of polished 
and attractive manners and had many strong friends in the 
county who deplored his stand in the mighty stru^le for 
freedom. His large estate was confiscated. After the war 
he returned to the county, acknowledged his defeat and be- 
gan to ingratiate himself in the esteem of his former friends. 
He was an honest man. He was loyal to the old country — 
the home of his ancestors. He now agrees to pay fealty to 
the American cause. His friends forgive him and he is re- 
stored in the confidence of his old friends. 

Through the efforts of that great man. Hardy Murfree, he 
succeeds in purchasing his former Estate which had been 
confiscated. His young son, John H., as he grew to man- 
hood became a great favorite with the people of his county. 
Like his father, he was polished in manners, brilliant and 
liighly educated, and he soon won a place in the hearts of the 
people. Unfortunately, however, he and his cousin, Gen. 
3oon Felton, became engaged in some trouble which soon 
ended the useful lives of these two men. The name is 
spelled by some Fraser, but the better authority seems to be 
that it is Frazier. The old magistrate of St. John's, John 
TJembnry, married Jane, daughter of Captain Frazier. 



Decade VIL— 1820-1830. 127 

Gren. Bridger J. Montgomery repcreeented the county in the 
House and Senate frequently from 1818 to 1832, and served 
as Clerk and Master in Equity a short time between the 
terms of office of Howell Jones and William M. Montgomery. 
He was a militia general and a gentleman of splendid phys- 
ique, popular with the people, and possessed many of the 
strong intellectual traits of his father, Robert Montgomery. 
He married Mary Oowper and died about 1835. His father 
Robert Montgomery was born February 23, 1757, married 
Mary Jones, and died October 31, 1808, leaving surviving 
him four sons — Bridger J., Dr- John C. Montgomery, Col. 
Kerr Montgomery, and George W. Montgomery. The latter 
married Martha Pipkin, sister of Dr. Isaac Pipkin, and 
represented the county in the Senate in 1834 and 1836, and 
died in Raleigh while a member of the Senate, leaving sur- 
viving him his wife and two daughters, the late Mrs. Isaac 
Pipkin and Mrs. Sue Frank, of Murfreesboro. His wido^ 
married the late John W. Harrell, of Murfreesboro. Kerr 
Montgomery never held any office except the military office 
of colonel in the militia. 

William Mer&dith Montgomery, the old Clerk and Master 
in Equity from 1833 to his death about 1864, was the son 
of Gen. Bridger J. Montgomery. He married Amanda 0. 
Harrell, sister of the late John W. Harrell and Ool. Jarrett 
N. Harrell, of Murfreesboro. He lived at Frazier's Cross 
Roads and left surviving him several sons and daughters, 
among them were the late William Preston Montgomery and 
Robert Montgomery, of Norfolk, ^Va. Mrs. Maggie Mat- 
thews, of Winton, Mrs. Kate Blanchard, of the town of Hert- 
ford, N. C, and several others of his daughters married in 
the county. 

Nancy C. Montgomery, daughter of Robert Montgomery, 
Sr., m'arried Bembury Walton, a brother of Wm. Walton, who 
married Celia, daughter of James Jones III, his first cousin. 
William Walton died July, 1825. The Raleigh Register of 
July 26, 1825, contained a notice of the death of this leading 
citizen of Pitch Landing, in Hertford County. 



128 History of Hertfoed County, N. 0. 

Col. James Brickie and his wife are mmibered among the 
dead during this decade. Colonel Brickie was the last of 
the illustrious family of that name, which had played such 
an honorable part in the early history of the county and 
State. 

In February, 1824, Dr. O'Dwyer says in his diary, that 
Dr. Thomas Borland, Moses Clements and Capt. James M. 
Yancey qualified as magistrates. Abner Harrell qualified 
in 1825. 

David Eu Sumner represented the county in the Senate in 
1822 and 1823. He represented Gates County in the House 
in 1819 and then moved to Hertford. He inherited from his 
great uncle, Gen. Luke Sumner, of Chowan County, a large 
estate, and also inherited a large estate from his great uncle, 
Robert Sumner, of St. John's. He was also the grandnephew 
of Gen. Jethro Sumner. His wife was Margaret, the daugh- 
ter of Chief Justice John Lewis Taylor, of this State, and 
niece of Judge William Gaston. After the death of Chief 
Justice Taylor in 1829 his widow resided in this county 
with her son-in-law, David E. Sumner. Sumner was dissi- 
pated, and, like a majority of young men who inherit large 
fortunes, spent it freely. Before many years he had lost the 
major part of his patrimony. His widow, after his death, 
decided to emigrate with her slaves to Mississippi. The 
mode of travel in those days was by private conveyances. 
Before reaching her new home she died on the way, it is said, 
in a log cabin, alone with her young children and slave ser- 
vants. 

Some time after the death of Chief Justice Taylor, his 
son, of the same name of his father, resided in Hertford 
County and practiced law. He also was very dissipated. 
Thi^ young man fell on the steps of the Wtnton Hotel 
w'hile beastly intoxicated and died in that position* W. T. 
Bynum qualified as his administrator in Hertford County 



Note.— Chief Justice Taylor married Jane Gaston, sister of Judge 
William Gaston. 



Decade VIL— 1820-1830. 129 

about 1854. In 1855 Bynum, as administrator of Taylor, 
ottained an order from the Oounty Court of Hertford 
to sell some lots in Baleigh belonging to his estate. The 
sale was confirmed November 27, 1855, by the Court. In 
1849 Taylor was living at the old Jerre D. Askew place, 
where Dr. W. H. Sears now resides at Union. 

HERTFORD COUNTY MAIS' ASSAULTED IN GATES. 

The Elizabeth City Star of May, 1824, gives an account 
of a deadly assault in Gates County by six negro outlaws on 
a white citizen of Hertford County. The Western Caro- 
linian^ of Salisbury, jKT. C, in its issue of May 18, 1824, 
refers to the occurrence as an "alarming affair!" A slave 
holder was passing through Gates County on his way home, 
when a gang of six negro outlaws, armed with guns, rushed 
from a thicket into the road to assault and rob- the white 
man. Being unarmed he dashed into the woods and made 
his escape. No names are given. The paper further states 
that this lawless and desperate gang had for some time been 
prowling about in the woods and swamps of Gates and other 
counties, committing acts of violence and plunder. Our old 
fathers had their troubles and dangers as well as those of the 
present day. 

** Who breathes must suffer ; who thinks must mourn ; 
He alone is blessed who never was bom." 

DEATHS OF FINNEY AND EAMSAY. 

W. H. Finney, the owner of "Finney's High Hills" and 
"Lover's Leap," on the romantic banks of the Meherrin 
Eiver, north of the Borough town, on the farm now owned 
by the sons of Job E. Hall and vnfe, Sarah M. Hall, nee 
Harrell, died in 1825, and devised his property to his nephew 
Thomas S. Finney, and Mary, and Elizabeth Banks, daugh- 
ters of Hardy M. Banks; 

Henry Ramsay, the owner of the Indian and Queen Hotel, 
died in 1827, and devised his property to Henry W. Bell, 
and granddaughter Elizabeth E. Moore, and her daughter 
Elizabeth Hare. 
9 



130 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

We learn from O'Dwyer's diary for 1824 that Professor 
Peltier, a Fpenchman, lived in Murf reesiboro and conducted 
a dancing school, and that the young people patronized him 
liberally. Also, that the people of the town during those 
days were not unlike those of the present day. They were 
fond of going to the gallery of Mr. Charles Winesdale and 
having their likeness taken. He says he went down one day 
and had his likeness taken, and when it came the ladies said 
it was not a good likeness of him. On one occasion when 
he called at Winesdale's he found Mrs Eda having her liJce- 
Jiess taken. 

The society of the town was gay and festiva He tells us 
of the annual dance at the Indian Queen Hotel on the night 
of July 4, 1824. He says he went down to the dance and 
was surprised to see so few there ; that there were only about 
fifty couples on the floor dancing, when at the last annual 
dance there were 100. 

U. S. Senator Branch was a frequent visitor to the town 
in those days. We have been told by some of the wise people 
that pictures were not taken in those days. They are mis- 
taken. Art and poetry are as old as nations. Sculpture and 
painting go back beyond the memory of man. The prin- 
ciples of photography were practiced by Schule, the Swedish 
chemist, as far back as the middle of the 17th century, and 
the utilization of Schule's observation on chloride of silver 
in the production of photographic likenesses in England be- 
gan in the 18th century and was improved by Joseph Nice- 
phore Niepee in the beginning of the 19lih century. The 
photographers and likeness-takers followed the early emi- 
grants to the Colonies, where the art has reached great per- 
fection. One should not think that because the present pro- 
cess of taking photographs did not exist beyond a certain 
period, that no other process existed. 

Dr. O'Dwyer tells of many amusing characters in the town. 
There were many Irish families living here, and he was a 
man who was greatly respected and a prominent citizen. 



Decade VIL— 1820-1830. 131 

He was proud that he was an Irishman, and he hated to see 
his Irish neighbors act ugly. Barney Usher often received a 
lecture from him. Usher would get drunk in spite of every- 
thing. He came one day to O'Dwyer to borrow some money 
for his wife to visit Norfolk. The doctor loaned it to his 
wife and recorded in his diary, "B. Usher called to borrow 
money for his wife to visit Norfolk. He wiants to get his 
wife away that he may enjoy his rum. He should be 
ashamed of himself. His wife is entirely too good for him.^' 
She remained away for two weeks, and Barney could not 
hear from her and he became very much distressed for fear 
she would not return. He called to see O'Dwyer and got 
his severe reprimand, and sobered up. She returned, and 
the old fellow was happy. 

EDUCATION. 

There exists a mistaken idea as to the education and intel- 
ligence of our early forefathers in America. Some of the 
present day think that we have reached a degree of learning 
and intellectuality far superior to our forefathers of 1776 
and of the early days of our republic. For vigorous intel- 
lect, clearness of judgment, plainness and purity of language, 
logical arguments, and the study of man, they were certainly 
our equals, if not our superiors. 

Bancroft and Wheeler in their historical works, referring 
to the days of the Revolution, wrote that "when reading 
the resolves of the Provincial Congress, the Provincial Coun- 
cils, the District Committees of Safety, and the addresses 
which they published to the country, the purity of the lan- 
guage, the simplicity of style, the cogency of argument, are 
«o remarkable that they cannot be surpassed by the most 
polished productions of the present age. Even in the hand- 
writing of the men of 1775, as exhibited in the Journals, will 
bear a fair comparison with those of the present day, and 
perhaps surpass them in ease and plainness." 

The same is true of the ages preceding. Such shows that 
our forefathers had not been inattentive to the objects of 



132 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

practical education. The first Oonstitution of jKTorth Caro- 
lina written and adopted by her sons in December, 1776, 
and the Constitution of the United States, prepared by the 
immortal Thomas Jefferson, the messages of George Wash- 
ington to Congress, and his farewell address to the American 
people, the State papers and speeches of the early patriots, 
are lasting monuments to the wisdom and intellectuality of 
the olden times, and they stand out to-day in bold compari- 
son with the productions of modem times. 

In the N". C. Constitution of 1776 it is declared that "all 
useful learning shall be duly encouraged and promoted in 
one or more universities'' ; and in 1789 the University of the 
State at Chapel Hill was established. We find the question 
of education in tihe Province of North Carolina considered by 
the government as far back as 1736. There were, even 
then, schools in the country where young men were educated, 
and many were sent to the old countries, where they received 
the highest university education and returned to the Prov- 
ince to aid in guiding the destinies of the race. And, fur- 
ther, the population was being constantly increased from the 
earliest day of the country's history by learned and scholarly 
men and women from the old countries. History repeats 
itself, and the progress of mankind in the present day in 
many of the sciences, inventions, discoveries, and the like, 
have not reached the perfection and grandeur of remote an- 
tiquity, as disclosed by the exhumation of the buried cities 
of the old countries. 

In 1825 the county was honored by a visit from Gilbert 
Montier, Marquis de La Fayette, the young French General 
in the American Army for freedom. He reached the town 
of Murfreesboro from Suffolk, Va., February 26, 1825. The 
news of the coming of General La Fayette was made known 
throughout the county and the noble sons and daughters of 
the county were on hand to greet and honor the distinguished 
guest. 

Maj. John W. Moore tells in his history that a meeting 
was held in the town several days prior to the arrival of the 



Decade VIL— 1820-1830. 133 

great Revolutionary Hero, to arrange for his reception. 
"Dr. Thomas Borland presided and William Eea was Sec- 
retary. A committee consisting of Col. James Brickie, Dr. 
O'Bryan, Lewis M. Oowper and John W. Southall was ap- 
pointed to meet the Greneral at Somerton, Va., and escort him 
to the town. He stopped at the Indian Queen Hotel, then 
owned by Henry A. Ramsay. The brilliant young lawyer, 
Thomas Maney, in a speech of welcome, greeted the distin- 
guished visitor, who graciously replied." The parlors of 
the grand old hotel were beautifully decorated with the 
national colors and patriotic banners. The brass band filled 
the hearts and souls of the assembled multitude vnth patri- 
otic music, the noble and beautiful women of the town and 
county on that occasion would have done honor to a presi- 
dential inaugural ball at the present day. A most dignified 
and elite reception was held, when all wepe given an oppor- 
tunity to shiaie hands with the general. At 11 o'clock p. m. 
they sat down to supper. The people came in from all parts 
of the surrounding country the next day to see and shake 
hands mth the great general and join in the great rejoicings. 
On Monday following he was escorted to Jackson, where 
Chief Justice John Lewis Taylor was holding court. 

Leonard Martin, one of Hertford's members in the House 
in 1826, had only been a resident of the county for two or 
three years. He was a lawyer and moved here from Pasquo- 
tank County, which county he had represented in the House 
in 1816, and again in 1819 and up to 1822, inclusive. He 
died shortly after his return from the session. General 
Montgomery and Martin were conspicuous in that body for 
their ability and devotion to the duties of their trust. Elisha 
Hunter Sharp was elected to the Senate to succeed James 
Copeland, deceased, but only served one term. Senator 
Sharp was the eldest son of Maj. Jacob Sharp and the grand- 
son of Starkey Sharp and his wife, Sarah Winboma His 
mother was a Nancy Hunter, of Gates County. He mar- 
ried Sallie Carter, daughter of Major Isaac Carter, and 



134 IIisTuKY OF Hertford Codsty, N. C. 

reared two sons and a daughter. Hia son, Jacob H. Sharp, 
was a brave Confederate soldier from Mississippi, and wa3 

promoted before tlie end of the conflict to the rank of Briga- 
dier General, and is now living in Columbus, Mississippi, 
His second son, Thos. L. Sharp, was also a gallant Confeder- 
ate soldier from hia native county. He entered the a,rrDy 
as Captain, and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant 
Colonel, and was killed in battle at Atlanta, Ga., in 1864. 
E, H. Sharp had several brothers and one sister. In 1827 
Mr. Sharp was defeated for the Senate by David O. Askew, 
of Pitch Landing, who was the grandson of Thomas Outlaw, 
of Stony Creek, in Bertie County, whose farm is mentioned 
in tlie boundary of Hertford County, and a nephew of the 
old legislator and Moderator of the Chowan Baptist Associa- 
tion, George Outlaw, of Bertie. Mr. Askew was in the Sen- 
ate again in 1828. Shortly after his return from the Senate 
he emigrated to Mississippi, w"here he still bos a number of 
descendants. His brother, Dr. George O. Askew, waa in the 
Senate from Bertie in 1827, and remained a member of that 
body for six years. The eminent physician. Dr. A. J. Askew, 
of Bertie, who married Miss Ward, of Norfolk, Va., was also 
a brother of the Senator. David O. Askew married Martha 
Etheridge. Their cousin, John 0. Askew, of Pitch Landing, 
was the son of George Askew and wife Annie, the daugh- 
ter of George Outlaw, the old 
Moderator, and he was the 
cousin to the old Congressman, 
David Outlaw, The Askews 
and Outlaws were people of 
wealth and prominence in the 
eastern part of the States 
John 0. Askew married Sarah 
A., the daughter of Abner 
Harrell, of Harrellsville, a de- 
scendant of Abner Harrell, 
who was a freeholder and one 




Decade VII.— 1820-1830. 



135 



of the jurors drawn for Bertie in 1740, The Harrells played a 
prominent part in the early history of the county. John O. 
Askew was a man of wealth and high character, and was 
born October 11, 1813, and died in 1878, leaving surviving 
him three sons, Dr. Abner H, Askew, John O. Aakew, Jr., 
W. S. Askew, and two daughters, Mary E., the wife of W, P. 
Shaw, Esq., and Pattie E., who married her cousin, W. D. 
Askew, of Mississippi, where he now resides. She died 
several years ago. 




Daughter of J. 0. Askew. 
David 0. Askew had three sous, George, Joseph, and W. 
D, Askew, who moved to Mississippi with their father when 
young. Joseph Askew entered the Confederate Army and 
took a courageous part in behalf of the "Lost Causa" He 
received a severe wound, which resulted in the amputation of 
one of his legs. After the war he served his State as a mem- 
ber of the Legislature, and as Kailroad Commissioner. He 
married Willie, the daughter of Glen. Jacob H. Sharp, of 
Coliirabus, Miss., and died about 1896, His daughter, Miss 
Annie Sharp Askew, of Columbus, Miss., and Miss Sarah 
Gravier, of Chattanooga, Tenn., were the maids of honor at 
the annual reunion of the Confederate Veterans at New Or- 
leans, in the spring of 1906, The newspapers commenting 
on these maids of honor, said : "These two young ladies can 
boast of Confederate ancestry equal to any in the South." 



136 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Gen. Jacob H. Sharp is a Hertford County boy. He is 
the son of E. Hunter Sharp and wife Sally Sharp, nee Car- 
ter, as before stated. E. H. Sharp and wife had three 
children, Thomas L., Caroline, and Jacob H. Sharp. Thomas 
L. was in the Mississippi Senate in 1857 and was a Colonel 
in the Confederate army, and killed at Atlanta, Ga., in 1864. 
Caroline married Hunter Walker, of her father's adopted 
State, and Jacob H. Sharp entered the Confederate army, 
and was ranked as follows: Major, Lieutenant-Colonel, Col- 
onel, and in 1864 was promoted to Brigadier-General. He 
married Miss Harris, of Mississippi, the daughter of Judge 
Harris of that State. Since the war he has served as State 
Senator and at one time was mentioned in connection with 
the nomination for the United States Senate. He still lives 
in Columbus. He is first cousin to our H. C. Sharp, and 
of Capt. William and Col. Thos. H. Sharp. 

The little county of Hertford continued to send her ablest 
men to the Legislature. While the county was sm«all, her 
representatives ranked with the ablest. They were not 
windy and noisy members, for that was not the character of 
her people. In 1827 she returned Gen. Bridger J. Mont- 
gomery and sent with him her gifted young son John Hill 
Wheeler, of Murfreesboro, who had just graduated with' great 
distinction at Columbian College, in the District of Colum- 
bia, in 1826, obtained his law license in 1827. It was soon 
discovered that the future had in store greater honors for 
young Wheeler. In 1830 when in his twenty-fourth year he 
was nominated by the Democrats in the Edenton district for 
Congress, but he wa^ defeated by the Whig candidate, Hon. 
William Biddle Shepherd. He served in the House of Com- 
mons for four years. In 1831 he was appointed by the 
President of the United States Clerk of the Board of Com- 

4 

missioners under the Convention with Francje. In 1837 he 
was appointed by the President Superintendent of the IT. S. 
Mint at Charlotte, which office he held until 1841. In 1842 



Decade VIL— 1820-1830. 137 

he was tendered the nominaition for the House of Commoiifl 
by the Democrats of Mecldeoaburg County, but he declined 
it. In 1842 he was elected Treasurer of the State. He 
was married twice; his first wife was Mary Brown, daugh- 
ter of Kev. O. B. Brown, of Washington City, and his sec- 
ond wife was Ellen, the daughter of Thomas Sully, of Phil- 
adelphia. The writer remembers well when he made his 
graduating speech in Lincoln Hall, in Washington City, at 
the end of his course of study at Columbian University in 
1874, this old gentleman was in the audience, and sent the 
author a congratulatory note on the rostrum and requested 
him to remain ; that he wished to talk with him at the close 
of the exercises. His kind and gentle words were greatly 
appreciated. Colonel Wheeler prepared and had published 
in 1857 a most valuable history of the State of North Caro- 
lina. The Wheeler family are able to trace their lineage 
back to the origin of Charles II. The first one of the name 
to settle in America was Joseph Wheeler, the son of Sir 
Francis Wheeler, an admiral in the English navy during 
the reign of King Charles II. Col. Wheeler's father was 
John Wheeler, who was born June 23, 1771, in New Jersey, 
and moved to Murfreesboro about the banning of the 18th 
century and resided here until his death, August 7, 1832, 
leaving surviving him his widow Sarah, who died July 15, 
1833, and several sons and daughters — Col. J. H. Wheeler, 
Dr. Samuel J. Wheeler, the old postmaster of his native town, 
and Col. Junius B. Wheeler, Professor of Engineering at 
West Point. His daughter Julia married Dr. Godwin C. 
Moore. The old merchants at Winton first — ^later at Mur- 
freesboro — Ephraim Wheeler and Jabez Wheeler — ^were 
brothers of John Wheeler. 

Elisha A. Chamblee lived near Pitch Landing, and served 
in the House in 1829 and 1831. He was a man of means, 
but with little experience in public matters. He was a quiet, 
but true member. He has representatives in the county 
to-day. 




138 History of Hektfokd County, N. C. 

On the 20tli of July, 1829, 
Eli ah a Winbome, who lived 
near Winton, and one of the 
county's justices of the peace^ 
and late chairman of the 
County Court, died in his 37th 
year. A good man and a use- 
ful and honorable citizen. He 
and his ancestors had been de- 
voted sons of the coimty for a 
long whilfe April 1, 1819, 
he married one of the noblest 
women of her day, Martha Warren, of Southampton County, 
Va,, and the daughter of Col. Etheldred Warren, an officer 
in the Eevohitionary War of 1776-'82. He left his widow 
with five small children, all under ten years of age, to battle 
with the world. His children were the late Micajah T. 
Winborne, of Mobile, Ala. ; Maj. S. D. Winbome, of this 
county; Dr. K. H. Winbome, of Chowan; Caroline, wife of 
the late Britton S. Moore, of Murfreesboro, and Richard 
Winbome, of Tennessee. After the death of the father, his 
family was taken to the, home of Robert Warren, the bachelor 
brother of the widow, in Maney's Neck, where they were 
cared for and the children educated by that noble man. 
Elisha left a fair estate, which Mr. Warren took charge of 
and managed for their good. He was the son of Thomas 
Winbome and wife, Sarah Copeland, and the grandson of 
Maj. Henry Winbome and wife, Sarah Hare, 



DECADE VIII. 

1830—1840. 

The decade fro-m 1830 to 1840 was one of the most his- 
torical epochs in the affairs of the county between the War of 
1812-1814, and the stormy times preceding the Civil War 
of 1861-1865. During the last decade the county had lost 
by death and removal some of its most distinguished citizens. 

Gen. Joseph F. Dickinson, long the Clerk of the County 
Court, a man of great wealth, a brigadier-general in the 
War of 1812-'14, a man of decided ability and of great use- 
fulness, had gone to eternal rest George Gordon, the Pub- 
lic Register of the county for many years and Clerk of the 
County Court for a short time, a^ General Dickinson's suc- 
cessor, was taken from the roll. Hon. Wm. H. Murfree, the 
lawyer, patriot and statesman, emigrated in 1823 to Ten- 
nessee. The brilliant Thomas Maney also emigrated to Ten- 
nessee in 1825. Many other such losses the county sustained 
during these ten years. 

At the May Term, 18307 of the County Court, the follow- 
ing justices of the peace were present: Thomas Duer, Silas 
Parker, Abner Harrell, James D. Wynns, William B. Wynns, 
Elisha H. Sharp, Thomas Daniel, Elisha A. Chamblee, 
Abraham Thomas, Thomas Borland, John Vann, Lewis M. 
Jeggitts, Jacob Hare, Jerry D. Askew, John Granbury, Carr 
Darden, Daniel V. Sessoms, Wm. P. Morgan, Kinsey Jordan, 
Watson Lewis, Wm. N^owell, Jacob Sharp, John Winborne, 
Elisha Sessoms, Sipha Smith, Bridger J. Montgomery. 

This was a grand occasion in the county, as were all the 
May terms of court. Now was the time for the election of 
all county officers. All the grand Moguls of the county were 
present. It was a grand display of splendid citizenship. 

The following officers were elected: 

John Vann Esq., Chairman of the Court. 
Louis M. Cowper, re-elected Clerk of the Court. 
Kichard Green Cowper, re-elected High Sheriff. 



140 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

James Sidney Jones ro-elected Ooiinty Attorney. 

Andrew V. Duer re-elected Public Register. 

Walter Myrick made Foreman of Grand Jury. 

L. R. Jemigan made Officer of Grand Jury. 

John A. Anderson elected County Trustee. 

Thomas Griffith elected Coroner. 

Riddick Cross, Treasurer of Public Buildings. 

Miles H. Jemigan elected Entry Taker. 

Perry Carter elected County Ranger. 

Abner Langston elected County Processioner. 

L. R. Jemigan, Daivid C. Cross, Abner Harrell, Edward 
K. Jeggitts, Thomas Winborne, Samuel Moore, Starkey 
Sharp, Wm. N. Perry, Ebenezer P. Alineman 'and. Edward 
Moore were elected Constables of the several captains' dis- 
tricts. 

THE APPOINTMENT OF INSPECTORS OF CREEKS AND EIVEES. 

Isaac Taylor, of Simmons' Mill-race to Bertie line ; Hardy 
M. Banks, at Murf reesboro ; Michael Britton, at Pitch Land- 
ing ; James S. Scull, from Pitch Landing to Sharp's Mill. 

Under our State laws for many years past there were op- 
pointed by the County Court one conductor of elections for 
each election precinct, and two judges or poll-holders for 
each ballot-box. The Court at this term appointed the fol- 
lowing election officers: 

Pitch Landing — ^Abner Harrell, Conductor; John Win- 
borne and E. B. Norfleet, Judges for Senate box ; Thomas B. 
Sharp and W. W. Sessoms^ Judges for Commons box ; W. R. 
Doughtie and W. P. Britton, Judges for Congress box. 

St. Johns — ^John Granbury, Conductor; D. Carter and 
R. Bums, Judges of Senate box ; M. E. Newsom and Stephen 
Washington, Judges of House box ; E. H. itTewson and Q^o. 
Williams, Judges of Congress box. 

Murfreesboro — ^Hardy M. Banks, Conductor; Jas. Banks 
and Jno. W. Southall, Judges for Senate box ; Tristram Cape- 
hart and Benjamin B. Camp, Judges for Commons box; J. A. 
BroAvn and E. D. Britt, Judges for Congress box. 



Decade VIIL— 1830-1840. 141 

Winton — James D. Wynns, Conductor; J. A. Anderson 
and Gr. W. Montgomery, Judges for Senate box ; Edw. Shaw 
and Pleasant Jordan, Judges for Commons box; R. Cross 
and James Jordan, Judges for Congress box. 

Deeds were proved and ordered registered ; wills probated ; 
overseers of roads, overseers of creeks, guardians for orphan 
children, administrators of deceased persons; committees ap- 
pointed to examine accounts of executors, administrators, 
guardians, and report to Court; the poor looked after and 
patrols were appointed; county finances looked after. In 
fact, everything of interest to the county was looked after. 

John W. Southall, James Banks, Oapt. Benjamin B. Camp, 
Lemuel Valentine, Tristram Capehart, were among the fore- 
men of the grand jury. John Winbome, William Nowell, 
David O. Askew, Abram Th^xmas and Watson Lewis were ap- 
pointed a committee to audit lihe account of Matthias Baker, 
administrator of James Banks. And Timothy Ridley, H. L. 
Williams, Walter B. Myrick and Tilman D. Vann appointed 
a like committee to audit the account of S. D. Clark, adminis- 
trator of John Whitey. 

The above gives you some idea of the old County Court, its 
workings, and the dignity of the office of a justice of the 
peace in the olden times. The best and most competent men 
were in those days selected to perform all public duties. 

This system was kept up until abolished in 1868. All of 
our honorable fathers served in all the positions mentioned 
above. It was a great honor to be a justice of the peace and 
preside in the old county courts of ancient origin. They 
were the courts of the people, and were of greater advantage 
and interest to the people than any other courts they had. 
It was an honor to be selected as foreman of the grand jury, 
or its ofiioer, or to be elected a constable in a captain^s dis- 
trict. The best men were always selected for all these posi- 
tions. They were grand days. 

We may mention a few other terms of this historic old 
court to show the new men who were brought forward in 



142 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

public Ufa It was no easy task to be made a justice of the 
peace in those halcyon yet dignified days. When a man's 
name appeared on the roll of the justices of the peace in Hert- 
ford County it was the strongest evidence that he was a man 
of character, of influence, and a worthy citizen of his county- 

During the next few years we find added to the list of the 
justices the names of Thomas V. Roberts, John G. Wilson 
and James Wells, of Murf reesboro ; Godwin C. Moore and 
Edw. H. Newsom, of St. John's; Demsey Vinson and Gteo. 
W. Montgomery, of Winton district; Thomas B. Sharp and 
Kenneth Eayner, of Harrellsville district; Abraham Eid- 
dick and Samuel G. Darden, of Maney's Neck. 

In 1831 L. E. Jernigan was appointed Public Eegister, to 
succeed Andrew V. Duer, deceased. And in 1836 Edw. K. 
Jeggitts dislodged the efficient and popular E. G. Cowper 
from the office of Sheriff for one term, when the old and 
skilful politician recaptured the much-coveted office of High 
Sheriff of the county. 

SOUTHAMPTON MASSACEE. 

Hertford County, on August 22, 1830, sustained an irre- 
parable loss in the destruction of her records for seventy 
years, by the inoendiary act of one Wright Allen, a degen- 
erate citizen of JSTorthampton County, who lived about five 
miles from. Murf reesboro, on the road to Conway. 

On the 21st of August, 1831, the "Nat Turner Insurrec- 
tion." or "Southampton Massacre," began in Southampton 
County, Virginia, not far from Hertford's northern bound- 
ary. Nat Turner, a negro slave preacher, then belonging 
to Joseph Travis, of Southampton County, was bom October 
2, 1800, as the property of Benjamin Turner, of that county, 
and was a black, flat-nosed, thick-lip and heavy-jawed 
negro. 

For months preceding the butchery of the whites Nat had 
quietly and secretly organized the negroes in his neighbor- 
hood to join him, on August 21st, armed with guns, scythes. 



Decade VIII.— 1830-1840. 148 

axeS; knives, clubs and the like, and to proceed to kill all 
the white people — men, women and children — they could 
find. They started on their bloody and brutal mission Au- 
gust 21st, and the first victims wer^ his master, Joseph 
Travis, his wife and three children. They continued rap- 
idly from place to place to add to the number of the victims 
of their brutish natures, until they slaughtered fifty-five, if 
not more, whites, before they were checked and captured. 

The whole surrounding country was thrown into a great 
consternation. Women and children were sent to the vil- 
lages and towns for protection. A large number refugeed 
for safety to Murf reesboro. John Wheeler, of Murfreesboro, 
raised a company of troops and marched quickly to the scene 
of trouble and rendered valuable assistance in quelling the 
treacherous and bloodthirsty negroes. 

Twenty-four of the devils were tried, convicted and exe- 
cuted. One of the suspects was shot and. killed in the cam- 
pus of the C. B. F. Institute in Murfreesboro, and there 
buried. His mission being to organize the negroes there to 
join in the bloodshed. Nat Turner was captured October 
31st and executed November 11, 1831. 

A complete and illustrated history of "The Southampton 
Insurrection,'' by Wm. S. Drewry, was published by The 
Neal Company, Washington, D. C, in 1900, and should be 
read by every person desiring to know of some of the trials 
and troubles of the Southern people. Southern life had its 
thorns and thistles as well as its flowers. 

'* Pleasures are like poppies spread, 
You seize the flower, its bloom is shed." 



Note. — John Wheeler's Company was composed of 100 men, and a 
Company of 75 went from Winton. 




144 History of Heetfobd Codnty, N. C. 

There are several on the 
■oil of honor who made their 
debut aa legislators from this 
county during this decade. 
Dr. Godwin Cotton Moore, of 
St. John's, a strong Democrat, 
s for the first time elected, in 
1831, over Maj. Isaac Carter, 
fo the House of Oommona. Dr. 
Jloore was a. highly educated 
and polished gentleman. He 
was a direct descendant of the 
old, the wealthy, and of the leading families — the Cottons, 
Browns and lloores of the county. His ancestry ranked 
high and was ancient. He married Julia Wheeler, the 
daughter of John Wheeler, of Murfreesboro, and the sister 
of the historian John Hill Wheeler, of the same town. Hert- 
ford was a Whig county, although a Democrat sometimes suc- 
ceeded in being elected. Dr. Moore was a Baptist, and a 
great favorite with the members of that denomination, as 
well as with his Democratic friends. He was moderator of 
the Chowan Baptist Association for 37 years. Having grad- 
uated in the collegiate department of one of the leading uni- 
versities in our country, he then studied medicine at the 
University of Pennsylvania, where he received his diploma 
as a graduate in the science of medicine (if you call it a 
science), and began the practice of medicine in his native 
county and met with great success and reached the Highest 
standard of a general practitioner in his chosen, profession. 

His exalted character, his polished manners and his learn- 
ing well equipped him for any honors in the gift of his peo. 
pie. He was in the Senate in 1842 and again in the House 
from 1866-1868. He served for a number of years as one 
of the Special Court in the county, and juat before the Civil 
War was Chairman of the County Court. He was a candi- 
date of the Democratic party several times for Congress and 



Decade VIII.— 1830-1840. 145 

Presidential Elector, but, belonging to tlie minority party, 
was defeated. His daughter Esther married Dr. E. T. 
Weaver, of Northampton County. He left several sons, 
among them being William Moore and J. G. Moore, of Wash- 
ington City ; Thomas Moore, of New York, and the historian, 
Maj. John W^. Moore. We have written of his ancestry in 
the first decade. 

In 1830 Jacob Hare, of Maney^s Neck, defeated Gen. 
Bridger J. Montgomeiry for the Senate. Haxa was the 
nephew of CoL Starkey Sharpe II. He was noted for his 
amiable temper and good conduct as a citizen. Soon after 
his retirement from the Legislature he moved South. 

In 1830 Maj. Isaac Carter was elected to the House with 
John H. Wheeler. Carter was said to be a wily politician, 
but Dr. G. C. Moore defeated him in 1831. He, however, 
recovered and was re-elected in 1832, 1833 and 1834. He 
was the son of Maj. Isaac Carter, who died in Hertford 
County July 8, 1792, and who was a captain in the Kevolu- 
tionary War of 1776. Isaac Carter, Sr., left a will in which 
he appointed his son, Lazarus Carter, his executor. His 
daughter Parthenia married Shadrack Kutland, November 
12, 1775. Isaac Carter, Jr., was a major in the militia, and 
once Sheriff of the county. 

Dr. O'Dwyer says in his diary that a judgment was re- 
covered against Carter in 1824 for $1,000, growing out of 
some act of his while Sheriff. Major Carter had a good 
estate and owned fifty or more slaves before his death. 

John Vann was in the Senate in 1833. 

Sipha Smith, who was in the House in 1833 and 1834, was 
one of the old justices of the county, and for a long time, in 
the early years of the State, County Surveyor. He lived in 
MiU Neck. 



Note. — ^Thos. E. Hare, a prominent lawyer, in Vanndale, Ark., and 
his sister Mrs. J. M. Vann, of the same town, are grand children of 
Jacob Hare. 

10 



146 History of Hebtfoed County, N. 0. 

Thomas V. Roberts served in 1832. He was from Mur- 
freesboro, and lived on the same lot where the late Uriah 
Vaughan resided. He and the Exiims were connected. He 
was the uncle of the wife of the late Gen. Matt W. Eansom, 
of Northampton. It is told of him that he could care for and 
man'age successfully the money of others, but could not man- 
age his own. He died in Northampton very poor and almost 
friendless. He was an old bachelor, which probably accounts 
for his misfortunes. The love, attention and advice of some 
good woman would probably have changed his fate. Before 
losing his estate he was very popular and was active and 
prominent in county affairs. He was often seen presiding 
in the old county courts, and was spoken of as being a good 
man, a kind neighbor and a true citizen. 

" When sorrows come, they come not as single spies, 
But in battalions.' ' 

In 1834 George W. Montgomery succeeded John Vann as 
Senator, and died in Kaleigh in 1834 during the session of 
the Legislature, and was succeeded by John Vann in 1835. 

As we have said, on the night of the 22d day of August, 
1830, one Wright Allen set fire to the dourt-house in Winton 
and in a few hours the building and all the records and me- 
morials of the county from its origin were reduced to ashes. 
It was the greatest calamity that ever befell the county. The 
records contained the proud history of a noble people. 

Allen was indicted in court for forging the name of Tim- 
othy Eidley to a note, and he thought the note was in the 
court-house, and his purpose in burning the court-house was 
to destroy the evidence of his guilt. But he was mistaken. 
The note was in the possession of Lewis M. Cowper, Clerk 
of the Court in Murfreesboro. Allen was convicted and 
whipped at the whipping-post. No punishment, however, 
of the offender, nor any amount of money could or can ever 
repair this great public calamity and wrong. 




H.1S-, KKNNETH KAY 



,1 



I 



■i 



-'J! 
ift 



>J 



'JM 



<15 



Decade VIIL— 1830-1840. 147 

constitutional convention of 1835. 

The growth of the State and increase of its population 
demanded a change in the organic law of the State. A Con- 
stitutional Convention met in Kaleigh, June 4, 1835, com- 
posed of delegates from the counties of the State. 

The aristocratic Dr. Isaac Pipkin, the polished and re- 
served Dr. Godwin C. Moore, and young Kenneth Kayner 
were the candidates in Hertford. The contest Was warm and 
energetic. It was Kayner^s first appearance bb sl candidate for 
political honors. He was young, bright, aggressive, a splendid 
debater, and quite an orator. He wias elected as the delegate 
to the Convention, and as a member of that body he won lau- 
rels that stamped him as one of the foremost young men in the 
State. He was also elected to the Legislature that same 
year after returning from the Convention. 

This was the beginning of a long, brilliant -and useful 
public life. He soon became the ideal of the Whig party, 
of which he was a member. He served in the Legislature 
again in 1836, then a justice of the peace in his county, when 
in 1839 he was elected from the Edenton Disitrict as a mem- 
iDer of Congress, where he served continuously until 1845. 
He declined a further nomination at the hands of his party, 
and in 1846 again entered the Legislature of his State and 
was a member of the House from 1846 to 1852, and in the 
Senate in 1854. The Whig party in 1848 tendered him the 
nomination for governor, but he declined it Charles Manly 
was nominated and elected. The last political service he 
performed for his county and State was as a member of the 
Convention of 1861 that passed the Ordinance of Secession. 
After the war he moved to Mississippi and became a Repub- 
lican in politics, and was for some years, prior to Cleveland's 
first administration as President of the United States, Solici- 
tor-Greneral of the U. S. Treasury in Washington, D. C. 
He was the son of Rev. Amos Eayner, who lived in Harrells- 
viUe Township where his son was bom, and in his palmy 



148 History of Hebtfobd County, N. C. 

days before the war was one of the national leaders of the 
Whig party. 

Mr. Kayner married Miss Polk, daughter of Col. William 
Polk, of Mecklenburg Coimty, and sister of Gren. Leonidas 
Polk. His widow is now living in El Paso, Texas. J. J. 
Scull's first wife wias Mr. Rayner's sister. 

The young but gallant and high-strung Roscilis C. Borland, 
of Murfreesboro, appeared at the August Term, 1830, of 
the Court, as a young lawyer, with his license written on 
parchment and isignod by the great jurists Leonard Hender- 
son, C. J., and John Hall and Thomas Ruffin, Associate 
Justices, and took the oath of an attorney. 

In 1835 Borland had won the confidence and respect of 
his people and was elected County Attorney to succeed James 
S. Jones, Esq., who was then preparing to make his home 
in the State of Georgia. Borland was also during this year 
elected with Rayner to serve his county in the House of 
Commons. John Vann was in the Senate. No county in 
the State was more ably represented in the General Assem- 
bly. Borland, on his return from Raleigh, devoted himself 
strictly to his profession until 1845, when he moved with 
his family to Mississippi. He married Temperance Ram- 
say, daughter of Henry Ramsay. He was the father of the 
late Thomas R. Borland, of Norfolk, Va., who was bom in 
Murfreesboro. Mr. Borland was one of the sons of Dr. 
Thomas Borland. His health failed and he went South to 
visit his brothers and was taken sick and died in 1847. 

On the death roll during this decade we find the names 
of Andrew V. Duer, the Public Register for about eight 
years just prior to 1831; John Benthall, one of the ancient 
justices; Elisha Lawrence, the father of the late John V. 
Lawrence; John Wheeler and his wife Sarah; Elizabeth 
Meredith, relict of the late jolly Capt. Lewis M. Meredith; 
Titus Darden ; the blind Capt. Jefthro Darden, the old legis- 
lator ; Col. Starkey Sharpe II ; Gen. Bridger J. Montgomery ; 
Col. Kerr Montgomery; Isaac Taylor, the grandfather of 



Decade VIIL— 1830-1840. 149 

W. P. Taylor, of Winton; George W. Montgomery; Capt. 
Beajamin B. Camp; Joseph B., Julia E., and Leonidas 
Camp; Allen Moore; Starkey S. Harredl, Sr., the uncle of 
the late Chief Justice Smith; Carr Darden; Charles Gay; 
William H. Finney; John Moore; Stephen Graham; Josiah 
Bridger, the father of Sheriff John P. Bridger; Jonathan 
Jordan ; Seth Southall ; Rev. Daniel Southall ; the old Sheriff 
Thomas Deanes; Godwin Cotton; John Hamilton Prazier 
and others. 

In 1824 Eev. James Delke moved from Surry County, 
Va., and settled in Murfreesboro, where he entered upon his 
great mission of preaching the gospel with great power and 
success. He was an able and eloquent Baptist divinow No 
town in the east had abler preachers during this period 
than Murfreesboro. Kev. Southall, a Methodist, and Eev. 
Delke, the Baptist, turned on the light of true Christianity 
with wonderful effect. In 1830 Eev. Delke, as the result of 
one of his protracted meetings at Meherrin Meeting House, 
baptized one hundred and fifty persons. He was twice mar- 
ried. His first wife, and mother of his children, was widow 
Susan Bats Kerr, nee Holloway, by whom he had and reared 
one son, James A. Delke, and one daughter, Susan. 

His second wife was the wealthy widow of James Ward, 
who died in 1843 — ^the daughter of James Jones III and 
sister of the lawyer, James S. Jones, and the mother of Ann 
J. Ward, the wife of Maj. John W. Moore, and who was the 
first graduate at the C. B. F. Institute in July, 1853. 

Eev. Delke, after his second marriage, drove around in a 
fine carriage, with his blooded horses, his driver dressed in 
livery. But this kingly style furnished him by his wealthy 
wife did not abate his piety or impair his usefulness. He 
died December 4, 1862. His daughter married Francis 
NoUey, a tailor in Murfreesboro, and brother of Eev. Geo. 
W. NoUey, a distinguished Methodist divine in the Virginia 
Conference. Their children were Marcellus NoUey, the sol- 
dier and scholarly salesman of Baltimore ; Emmett W. ISToUey, 



150 HiSTOBY OP Hertfobd County, N. C. 

who married Miss- Julia Tolar, of South Carolina, and now 
an honored citizen of Fayetteville, IST. C. Their daughter 
Fannie married a Mr. Oatis, of South Carolina, and he died 
a few years ago. Susan, their youngest child, was a beauti- 
ful young lady, and married in 1878 Samuel J. Pearce, of 
Chowan County. The author and Miss Nellie H. Vaughan, 
who afterwards became his wife, were among the waiters at 
the wedding, which took place at the residence of the bride 
in Murfreesbora It is now the home of David A. Day and 
wife, Ruth E. McDowell, the second daughter of Eev. A. 
McDowell. 

Reverend Delke's son, James A., never married, but de- 
voted his life to teaching and became a great educator in Mur- 
freesboro in this State, and in Murfreesboro in Tennessee. 
Leaving Tennessee he returned to his native town, and for 
over twenty years was a professor in the C. B. F. Institute. 
He was a ripe scholar and a most excellent man. 

JOHN VANN. 

This distinguished personage came to Hertford County 
about 1800 from Grates County, when about 33 years of age. 
He appears on the census of Gates County in 1790 as the 
head of a family of five males and two females, with two 
slaves. In 1810 he first appears on the census of Hertford 
as the head of a family of seven, and owner of eight slaves. 
He was prominent in Hertford County affairs from about 
1812 to 1850, when in September of the last-named year he 
died in his eighty-third year. He served in the county as 
one of its justices of the peace for about forty years. At the 
May Term, 1830, he was elected Chairman of the Court of 
Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the county. He represented 
his adopted county in the House of Commons in 1823, 1824 
and 1825, and in the Senate in 1833 and 1835, and was a 
man of exalted character and fine ability. He remained 
Chairman of the Court until his death. 

At the November Term, 1850, Thomas Bragg, Esq., after- 



Decade VIIL— 1830-184:0. 151 

wards Governor Bragg, who attended the courts of this 
county, presented to the justices presiding the following reso- 
lution: 

'^Besolvedj That we have heard with the deepest regret of 
the death, since the last term of this Court, of John Vann, 
Esq., the late, and for many years previous. Chairman of the 
County Court of Hertford— a man venerable for his years, 
estimable for his private and public virtues, and we take this 
occasion to pay some tribute to his memory." 

The resolution was unanimously adopted by the Court, and 
ordered spread upon the minutes of the Court. This action 
of the Justices of the Court and the Bar is a monument to 
his worth, and shows how he lived in the hearts of his coun- 
trymen. 

Mr. Vann left several sons to perpetuate the name, and 
the fame of this grand old citizen — Tilman D., Jesse B., 
Albert G., John A., Kensselear, and Cordie. The latter died 
when young. Kensselear moved South and married and 
reared an interesting family. Jesse B. Vann married the 
daughter of Luke McGlaughon of his county, and died about 
the close of the War of 1865. He represented his county in 
the Legislature from 1862 to 1864. He left two sons — 
Thomas J. Vann, of Aulander, N. C, and the late J. J. 
Vann, Esq., a prominent lawyer of Monroe, N. C. 

Albert G. Vann married Harriet Boyette, of Gates County, 
the aunt of Gen. W. P. Roberts, and served his county for a 
number of years after the late Civil War as a justice of the 
peace and County Commissioner. The greatest service he 
ever did for his county was in the noble children he be- 
queathed to hi's county. He furnished the county with five 
sons and several daughters, all of whom any county would 
feel proud. His sons were William, John, Thaddeus E., 
Albert C, and Richard T. Vann. 

Richard T., who had the misfortune when a boy to have 
both hands crushed off in a cane-mill on his father's farm. 



152 



History of Hektfoed County, N. C. 



ia an eminent Baptist divine and the President of the Baptist 
University for Ladies, at Raleigh, N. 0. 

William was also a Baptist preacher. He and John died 
in the army during the stru^le between the States, Thad- 
dens E. is one of our leading citizens in Maney's Tfeck, 
having served, soon after his majority, ae County Sur- 
veyor, justice of the peace and later as County Commissioner. 
He ia still on© of our magistrates. He married Miss Au- 
quilla Brett, daughter of Henry Brett and hia wife Amanda, 
who resided where Mr. Vann and his happy family now 
reside. She was the granddaughter of Henry L. Williams, 
one of the old justices. 

Albert C. lives at his father's old home, and married first 
Annie Newsome, the daughter of Joseph Newsome by hia 
first marriage ; and after her death he married the half-sister 
of his first wife. He has often served his county in official 
positions. 

John A. Vann, tiie son of 
the old chairman, was much 
loved by his people and waa 
often called to serve them in 
some capacity. We first find 
him in the office of Constable 
in 1840, then Sheriff, next 
Clerk of iJie Superior Court, 
in the Legislature from 1864 
to 1866, then Clerk and Mas- 
ter in Equity, next Treasurer 
of the county, and finally a 
justice of the peace and County Commissioner. In 1875 he 
was the Democratic candidate in the county as a delegate to 
the Constitutional Convention, but was defeated hj J. J. 
Horton, a Republican. The author's first political speeches 
were made in that campaign, advocating the election of Mr. 
Vann. He died full of honors, and leaving surviving him 
three sons and several daughters. His sons are Henry B., 




Decade VIII.— 1830-1840. 163 

the late Treasurer of lke county; Charlea Spui^eon Vann, 
Esq., of Edenton, a lawyer of ability, and who represented 
the First Senatorial District in the General Assembly of 
1901, 1903 and 1905, and John E. Vann, of Winton, who 
is one of the county's leading lawyers. He has served in hia 
county as Superintendent of Public Schools, Solicitor of the 
Criminal Court, County Attorney and as member of the 
L^slature in 1903. He married Miss Graves, of Selma, 
IN". C, and has honored the county with a still younger John 
Vann. 

The wife of John A. Vann was the sister of the late Dr, 
J. E. Newsome and daughter of Michael E. JJewBome. 

Tilman D, Vann, the oldest son of John Vann, Esq., the 
old chairman, lived in Maney's Neck, a section of the county 
which has heem noted for a great number of years for its ele- 
gant population. He married Miss Sarah Shepherd, daugh- 
ter of Solomon Shepherd, who lived first where J. G. Majette 
now resides, but Capt. J. H. Picot says he was living at the 
Tilman Vann place when he died. She was a most excellent 
woman. 

They left no son, but sev- 
eral handsome and attractive 
daughters. One of his daugh- 
ters, Rowena, married Rev. 
E. R. Savage, and they reared 
several sons and. daughters. 
Antoinette married Prof. J. 
H. Picot, the veteran school- 
teacher at Buekhom Academy, 
who are the parents of the emi- 
nent physician. Dr. 1. J. 
Picot, of Littleton, N. C, and 
of our countyman Guy C. Picot. 

Homarselle S, Vann married George little, of Warreu 
Comity, a direct descendant of Maj. George Little of revolu- 
tionary fame from this county, and of William Little of colo- 




154 HisTOBY OF Hertford County, N. C. 

nial fame. Willie, another daughter, married Capt. Thomas 
D. Boone, a brave soldier in the Confederate Army, and for 
years the efficient Clerk of our Superior Court, which office 
he now holds. 

Mr. Tilman D. Vann, unlike his brothers, never held an 
office except justice of the peace, but he built a monument 
to the fame of his county in his children. Among his grand 
children are Dr. Louis J. Picot, of Littleton, N. C. ; Kev. 
Wm. V. Savage, an eloquent Baptist divine of Churchland^ 
Va. ; Mrs. James L. Camp, of Franklin, Va. ; Toy D. Sav- 
age, an attorney at law in Norfolk, Va. ; Gruy C. Picot, at 
Como, and others. 

The Vann family originally belonged to Chowan County,, 
and John has always been a favorite name in the family. 
In 1756 we find John Vann of Chowan signing the official 
bond of Thomas Jones, as Clerk of the Crown's Court in 
Chowan (Col. Kec., vol. 5, p. 611). In November, 1758, the 
Committee of Public Claims met at John Vann's house in 
Edenton and selected John Starkey as chairman of the com- 
mittee and Andrew Knox as clerk (Vol. 5, p. 975). On 
page 983 he is again mentioned. It seems that in the forma* 
tion of G-ates County in 1779 from parts of Hertford, Per- 
quimans and Chowan counties, the Vanns were cut off into 
Gates. In the U. S. Census of 1790 we find mentioned in 
Gates County John Vann, Rachel Vann, Darius Vann and 
Thomas Vann. The family has been from its earliest his- 
tory people of strong character and of fair ability. Several 
of them have attained to considerable prominence and dis- 
played great ability. The official record of this county dis- 
closes how they stand and have stood with the people of Hert- 
ford for nearly a hundred years. In 1740 John Vann and 
William Vann were freeholders in Chowan County and were 
on the jury list of that county. 

Col. Charles Vann of the county was of a different family. 
He, after the death of his first wife, married Miss Benthall^ 

Note. — JncVann, of Chowan, married Feb. 25, 1762, Mrs. Ann Peterson. 



Decade VIIL— 1830-1840. 155 

sister of our Jack Benthall, and lived near Eenthall's Bridge 
at the home of our Abner A. Carter, and was in his younger 
manhood a man of considerable wealth and influence, but 
his great kindness in signing bonds and other money obliga- 
tions with his friemds caused him to spend his latter days 
poor and dependent upon the charity of his friends. His 
son Jesse Thomas Vann, by his first marriage, died January 
5, 1856, while a bright student at the University of Vir- 
ginia. Colonel Vann died about 1880. His first wife was 
Miss Britt, the aunt of Dr. Thomas P. Britt and Geo. P. 
Britt, of Maney's Neck. His sister married William Britt, 
who lived near Union, and they were the parents of Union's 
chief justice, James E, Britt, and of the mother of Union's 
leading merchant, James H. Darden. John Taylor, of Ma- 
ney's Neck, married Elizabeth Britt, the sUter of "William 
and Mills Britt. They are the parents of Kichard J. Taylor 
and the late William T. Taylor, of Maney's Neck. William 
and Mills Britt both married sisters of Col. Oharlee Vann. 
John Vann, the Chairman of the County Court, had some 
true and faithful assistants in the management of the affairs 
of the county. Abraham 
Thomas, one of the Special 
Court, was always at his post 
of duty. Mr. Thomas was not 
only a faithful public servant, 
but a man of unblemished 
f private character, and respect- 
ed and admired by all who 
knew him. It is said of him 
that during the period of 
twenty-five years he served hia 
church at Bethlehem as clerk, 
he was only absent on three occasions. Such fidelily to duty 
characterized the man's whole life. His parents were James 
Thomas and wife, Elizabeth Pruden. James was a private 
in the Kevolutionary War, entering the army in May, 1781, 




156 



HisTOET OF Heetfokd Cotjnty, N. C. 



ser\-iiig until its close. Mr. Abraham Thomas married Miaa 
Nancj' Mitchell, of Bertie, the daughteir of John Mitchell 
and Winnifred Saundera and sister of Jflm^ S, Mitchell, 
who ■ represented Bertie in the Senate in 1842. The latter 
was the father of the Rev. John Mitchell. 

Mr. Thomas died April 13, 1879. He had deren chil- 
dren, but only four arrived at full age. His daughter Mary 
was the wife of Howell M. Jones, eon of Howell Jones, the 
old Clerk and Master in Equity in the county. Mr. Jones' 
father once lived in Murfreesboro and built the house now 
ovmed by Miss EUa Jester. His daughter Martha married 
Bev, AY. B. Britten. His son John Q. emigrated to Arkan- 
sas when young, but returned at the beginning of hostilities 
in 1861 and entered the war as a private in the 17th N. C. 
E^meiit; was promoted to the rank of lieutenant and sur- 
rendered with (jeneral Lee at Appomattox. He returned 
to Arkansas and married Miss Josephine Robertson, of Mem- 
phis, Tenn., and is now a wealthy memdiant at Vanndale, 
Ark. The youngest son, Dr. Rascius P. Thomas, is a model 
citizen of his native county. He is an almnnua of Wake 
Eorest College, University of Vii^nia, and the Medical 
University of New York; was moderator of the West Chowan 
Baptist Association from 1883 to 1896, and has been presi- 
dent of the Board of Trustees of the C, B. F. Institute since 
1887. While an eminent and 
successful physician, he aban: 
doned the practice of medicine 
several years ago and has en- 
ergetically, intelligently and 
successfully applied his atten- 
tion to tlie cultivation of the 
soil. He married Miss Mary 
Green Mitehell, of Franklin 
County, in this Stete. 

In 1822 the county gained 
a valuable citizen in the per- 




Decade VIIL— 1830-1840. 157 

son of Walter B. Myrick, of Virginia, who marriod Ann O. 
Neal, of Southmnpton County, Va. He was a man of sterl- 
ing character and belonged to that class of men who by their 
unbending honesty and frankness makes a country rich. * He 
bought and built on the land, where he resided up to his 
deajth, Febraary 19, 1871, in Maney^s Neck, and where his 
two sons, James L. and W. B. Myrick, now live, and who are 
chips of the old block. His first wife died in 1834, leaving 
five children, Thomas KT., John D., Elizabeth, who became 
the wife of Dr. Wm. Massenburg, of Southampton County, 
Va. Lucy A., who became the wife of Kader Biggs, late of 
Norfolk, Va., and McClure Myrick, who died young. In 
1835 he married Mary Barrett, of his native county, and by 
her he left two daughters, Vrginia and Helen, and three sons, 
David, James L., and Walter B., Jr. The father was often 
called upon to serve his county in different capacities, as jus- 
tice of the peace, commisisioner in the division of lands, 
allotting dower, foreman of grand jury. On account of his 
great honesty his services were frequently demanded. He 
served bravely in the War of 1812 as a private in a Virginia 
Company. 

CONSTITUTION AMENDED. 

Under the Constitution as amended by the Convention of 
1836, the State is divided into senatorial districts, and the 
number of Senators fixed at 50. The number of members of 
the House of Commons fixed at 120. Senators were required 
to be possessed in fee of 300 acres of land and only white 
persons owning 60 acres of land were allowed to vote for 
Senators, and only white persons were allowed to vote for 
members of the House. 

The Grovemor is now elected by the people instead of by 
the General Assembly. Infidels and atheists not allowed to 
hold office or any place of trust under the laws of the State. 
There were other minor changes in the Constitution of 1776. 



158 History or HEEtFOED County, N. C. 

Hertford always boasted of 
y^ ^^^^^^"^x her fair and beautiful women, 

-^^^^^^^L \ «iid the chivalry of her eons. 
^^^^^ ^k \ Miss Fannie Southall was the 
^ff ^ ^M \ daughter of John W. Southall, 
of Murfreeeboro, by his first 
' marriage to Miss Johnson. 
This picture was taken in 
1848. She was regarded as 
one of the__ prettiest and most 
fascinating women in her day- 
A peerless beauty, exalted and 
beautiful character, a universal favorite and admired by the 
noble and chivalrie beaux of her day. She died September 
30, 1852, and her death threw a pall of sadness oyer the com- 
munity. Her beautiful sister, Julia E., married Dr. Thomas 
N. Myrick in December, 1847. They lived in Murfreesboro 
until just before the Civil War, when they moved to Florida. 
Mrs. Myrick died in the State of their adoption in 1859, and 
her body was brought home and interred in the family grave- 
yard in Murfreesboro by the side of her sister. She left two 
sons, John S., now of Texas, and Charles E. Myrick, now of 
New York, Her husband. Dr. Thomas N, Myrick, died 
July, 1867. In 1860 Dr. Myrick wedded Miss Susan J. 
Baker, of Mnrfreesboro, a most accomplished and elegant 
woman, and for a number of years since his death she had 
charge, as principal, of the musical departmeait of the C. B. 
F. Institute. They reared three children, Walter D, Myrick, 
of Texas ; Lawrence Baker Myrick, of Norfolk, Va., and one 
daughter, Fannie, who died soon after she entered matured 
wamanbood. Miss Baker was the second daughter of Dr. 
John B. Baker, of Gates, the son of Gen. Lawrence Baker, 




Decade VIIL— 1830-1840. 159 

and whose wife was Mary 
Wynns Gregory. P. 0. Gr^- 
ory of Tillery, N. C, one of 
the leading merchants in Hali- 
fax County, ia a direct de- 
scendant from this same Greg- 
ory family. He ia the son of 
Casper W. Gregory and wife, 
Mary A. Kandolph. G«n. Jos- 
eph F. Dickerson's wife, P^gy 
Gregory, was a great aunt of 
P. 0. Gregory. The Gr^orys 
of Salisbury, N. C, and of Camden are of the same family. 
The mother of Mary Wynns Gregory was Mary Wynns, a 
sister of Benjamin, Mujor George and Geru Thomas Wynns, 
and she married a Gregory. William Rea, Sr., married 
Margaret Wynns, and after her death he married Mary 
Wynns. They were daughters of Maj. George Wynns. 

The United States is still expanding its territorial possea- 
sions and increasing the number of States in the Union. In 
1845 the "Lone Star," the republic of Texas, joins the United 
States and becomes a State in the Union, and adds another 
star on the flag of the StaJ^ and Stripes. 

In 1846 England yields her claims to the Astoria settle- 
ment and the Oregon Territory, and the following new States 
have been carved out of that territory: Orei',on in 1859, 
Washington in 1889, and Idaho in 1890. 

From the territory ceded by Mexico to the United States in 
1848, the following States have been admitted into the 
Union: California in 1850, Nevada in 1864, Colorado in 
1876, and Utah in 1896,"and Arizona Territory includes part 
of the territory ceded by Mexico, and the Gadsden's purchase 
in 1858. This territory and the Territory of New Mexico, 
the Indian Territory, and the territory of Oklahoma, are 
now knocking at the door of Congress, asking to be recognized 



160 HisTOEY OF Heetfokd County, N. C. 

and admitted into the galaxy of States in the Union, and 
may be admitted during the year of 1906. 

Alaska Territory was ceded to the United States by Bussia 
in 1867. At the present time there are 45 States in the 
Union. 



Note.— ^ince writiog the above, Indian Territory and Oklahoma have 
been admitted as one State named Oklahoma, and the other two terri- 
tories are admitted as one State, Arizona, if ratified by the voters in the 

two Territories. 




DECADE IX. 

1840—1850. 

The period between 1840 and 1860 is not marked with 
any great events in the county. The loss of many of its 
valuable citizens was a sad chapter in its history. But while 
she received her losses, at the same time she had her rein- 
forcements to heal her wounds. We find added to the list of 
Justices of the Peace during these ten years James A. Moore, 
Abner J. Perry, Wm. N. Perry, W. W. Mitchell, John A. 
Anderson, John V. Lawrence, Daniel Valentine, John W. 
Harrell, James Barnes, Jethro K. Darden, Wm. M. Mont- 
gomery, Benj. Bryant, Capt. Samuel Moore, Dr. Edward 
NTeal, W. D. Pruden, Henry L. Williams, Dr. George W. 
Peete, Wm. B. Wise, Thomas P. Little. 

This long list of new Justices shows what havoc death and 
removals had played with the select men of the county, who 
figured in its affairs during the last decade. For the princi- 
pal county officers during these years see the list of officers in 
the back of the book. At the February Term, 1843, John A. 
Anderson resigned as County Trustee. Elisha D. Brett, of 
Maney's Neck, was elected for the unexpired term. At the 
May Term, 1843, L. R. Jemigan resigned the office of Public 
Register, and defeated Brett for Trustee. Patrick Perry was 
elected Public Register. James Banks, Tilman D. Vann, 
Samuel Moore, Edward F. Dunston, and Thomas J. Deanes 
are among the foremen of the grand jury during this period. 
The health of the chivalric and high-strung R. 0. Borland, 
failed, and he resigned as County Attorney, and leaves for 
Mississippi in 1845. W. "N, H. Smith was elected at the 
November Term, 1845, to succeed Borland. Euclid and 
Solon Borland, Micajah T. and Richard Winbome, William 
J. 'and Richard Jordan Gatling, and others, leave the county 
to make their homes in the far west. 

W. B. Wynns, the old High Sheriff of the county, and 
another of the faithful assistants of Chairman Vann, on Feb- 

11 



162 History of Hebtfokd County, N". 0. 

ruary 4, 1840, in the 44th year of his age, passed away, 
while in Marianna, Tla., looking after his large interests in 
that State. He left an estate valued at about $200,000. He 
was the grandson of Benj. Wynns, and nephew of Gen. 
Thomas Wynns. He married Martha A. Pipkin, sister of 
Dr. Isaac Pipkin, who survived him with two sons, the late 
Thomas P. Wynns, son-in-law of R. G. Cowper, and our Ool. 
James Madison Wynns, of Murfreesboro. Sheriff Wynns 
had three brothers, Benjamin, Thomas, and James Dean 
Wynns. Their parents died when they were young, and 
Benjamin and Thomas went to the Island of Bermuda to 
their Dean relatives, to be cared for, while Wm. B. and 
James D. were taken by their uncle. Gen. Thomas Wynns. 
After the boys grew to manhood they engaged in an extensive 
trade between the United States and foreign ports. Thomas 
remained on the island, Benjamin was Captain of the Flo- 
tilla, one of their vessels, and Wm. B. looked after the busi- 
ness at the ports on the Chowam and Meherrin Rivers. They 
amassed large fortunes. After the English Government abol- 
ished slavery in 1838, Thomas left the island and came to 
Jamaica, where he remained a short time, then settled in 
Brooklyn, N. .Y., where he died. Capt Benj. Wynns mar- 
ried Miss Baker, a granddaughter of G«n. Lawrence Baker, 
and in 1824 bought the home of Howell Jones in Murfrees- 
boro, and on February 12, 1824, settled in that town. He 
continued, for several years thereafter, his voyages on the 
water. About 1834 he moved to Florida, where he and his 
brother, William B. Wynns, began to purchase lands in the 
land of flowers. By his marriage with Miss Baker he had 
two children, a daughter who died young, and a son, William 
Baker Wynns, who was in his day one of the most promi- 
nent men of his State, filling many places of public trust. 
Mr. W. B. Wynn, Jr., was married twice. He had no issue 
by his fij^t marriage. He had the letter s eliminated from 
his surname by an act of the Florida Legislature. His sec- 
ond wife was Susan Clarke, of Huntsville, Ala., the daughter 




Dkcade IX.— 1840-1850. 163 

of William Clarke and wife 
Susan, of Virginia descent- 
He was a brave Confederate 
soldier and died in prison 
in Ehnira, 'New York, in 
1864. He left two eons, Judge 
' Calvert Wynn, of Florida, and 
Wm. B. Wynn, of Harianna, 
in the same State. Thomas 
P. Wynne, son of SherifE 
Wynns, married the daughter 
of R. G. Cowper, and died 
several years ago in this eoun^. The Sheriffs son, James 
M. Wynns, still resides in Murfreesboro, He has served his 
people in important positions. In the 10th decade he served 
as Justice of the Peace, and as a member of the Special Court 
of the county, entered the Confederate army as Captain, 
afterwards promoted to the rank of Colonel While in the 
army he was elected to serve his county in the Senate in 
■ 1864 and 1865, and for years served as a member of the 
Board of Education in the county. He loaned his county 
$4,000 in gold to aid in equip- 
ping its soldiers for the war of 
1861-5, which he loat, as aE 
the counties were forbidden by 
law to pay any debt contracted 
in aid of the so-called rebel- 
lion. He lost heavily by the 
wax, but is still in comfortable 
circumstances. In 1865 he 
married Miss Jennie Brown, 
daughter of S. J. S. Brown, of 
King George County, Va. Mr. 
Brown was the Clerk of the Court of his county for nearly 
a lifetime. 




164 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Col. Wynns and his wife still live in Murfreesboro at the 
beautiful old home of Gen. Jos. F. Dickinson, with their in- 
teresting f-amily of three sons and four girls. Col. Wynns is 
the only living ex-representative from the county in the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the State who served prior to 1868. 

In 1842 the people of Harrellsville, then known as Bethel, 
as we are informed by Major Moore, but later named for 
Abner Harrell, a most estimable citizen of that place, estab- 
lished, in place of the former private schools of that place, 
the Union Academy, a school of high grade. Edwin Evarts, 
of Vermont, a well equipped instructor, was called to preside 
over its destiny, assisted at one time by the late Jesse J. 
Yeates, and later by Prof. C. F. Lyon. At this school a 
large number of Hertford's young men received their edu- 
cation, which so well prepared thean for useful citizenship. 

And in the west end of the county, at Elm Grove, about 
four miles from the Boro, Alfred W. Darden had conducted, 
at his beautiful country home, a high school for young ladies, 
with Kev. A. J. Battle as Principal, and several competent 
lady teachers as assistants. For years this was a flourishing 
and well patronized school. Mr. Darden was himself a 
scholarly man, and his children inherited many of his traits 
of character. His wife was the daughter of John Moore, the 
father of Allen, Alfred, and Samuel Moore. Mr. Darden 
and his brother, William S. Darden, of Hertford, were sons 
of Kev. Jacob Darden, a Kehukee Baptist preacher in South- 
ampton County, Va., and for a long time the pastor of Old 
Southquay church in that county. A. W. Darden reared 
several children. His eldest daughter, Virginia, married 
William E. Bond, of Edenton, who were the parents of law- 
yer W. M. Bond, of that town. W. Carey Parker, late of 
Wake Forest, married his daughter, Sarah Quinton. John 
D. Gatling, of the county, married Lilly, another of his 
daughters. His daughter. Miss Indiana Darden, is a highly 
cultured woman and has devoted her life to teaching. When 



Decade IX.— 1840-1850. 165 

young she was a frequent contributor to tke literary maga- 
zines of the South. His son, Alfred M., served as a gal- 
lant soldier throughout the Civil War. After his return 
from the battlefield he married Bettie, the daughter of Wil- 
liam J. HoUey, of Chowan, and reared several children. He 
died in the 14th decade. His wife still survives him. His 
brother, A. C. Darden, also served in the latter part of the 
war. He resides in Murfreesboro Township, on a tract of 
land owned by his grandfather, and which has been in his 
family 100 years. He has married twice. His first wife 
was Bettie Dunford, and his second was Maggie, the daughter 
of Thomas Overby, the loyal pilot of the blockade at Maney's 
Ferry during the Civil War. His brother Paul died while 
a soldier in the army. 

In 1840 B. T. Spiers, of Maney's Neck, was elected to the 
Senate. 

The amended Constitution of 1835 reduced Hertford's 
representation in the House to one member, and the young 
lawyer, W. N. H. Smith, who in 1834 returned to the 
county as a graduate of Yale College, was elected to 
the House. He came to the bar in 1839 after elaborate 
preparation. He was studious and possessed a great dis- 
criminating and admirably balanced mind; he soon became 
recc^ized as one of ISTorth Carolina's greatest men. After 
the adjournment of the L^islature he returned and devoted 
himself strictly to his profession. In 1845 he was elected at- 
torney of the County Court, and remained in office until 
August, 1848, when he resigned. Elected to the State Senate 
in 1848, and by the General Assembly in 1848 elected So- 
licitor of the First Judicial District, which office he held for 
nine years. Elias C. Hines, of Edento-n, defeated him for 
Solicitor in 1857. Hines received 76 votes and Smith 35. 
Elected to the House in 1858. Elected to Congre6S in 1859, 
where he served until the Civil War. In the long and memor- 
able contest for Speaker in the 36th Congress he was placed 



166 History of Hebtfobd County, N. C. 

in nomination, and on one ballot received a majority of the 
rotes cast for Speaker, but before the result was announced 
several members changed their votes, and he was defeated on 
the next ballot Served as a member of the Confederate 
Congress from the beginning to the downfall of that govern- 
ment. Appointed by Governor Vance Chief Justice, Jan- 
uary 10, 1878, which office he held until his death, November 
14, 1889. He was a great and good man. No greater 
eulogy can be written of any man. His opinions, written 
while Chief Justice, will be compared throughout time with 
those of the ablest judges in this country. He was bom in 
Murfreesboro September 24, 1812, and resided here imtil 
1869. He, however, never lost his love for his native county 
and made his annual visits to his old home throughout life. 
He lived in the hearts of his people. His father was Dr. 
Wm. L. Smith, who came to the county from Connecticut and 
married Nancy Harrell, the daughter of Nathan Harrell and 
granddaughter of the first Starey Sharp, 1741-1791, and 
wife Sarah Winbome. Chief Justice Smith married Olivia 
O. Wise, the daughter of Wm. Bartelle Wise, a wealthy mer- 
chant and leader of Murfreesboro. Thomas Blount Sharp, 
who was in the House in 1838, Starkey Sharp III., 1809- 
1867, who was in the House in 1842, and Jacob Sharp,. 1814- 
1882, who was a member of the House in 1844, were sons of 
Jacob Sharp, Sr., and wife Nancy Hunter, and grandsons of 
Starkey Sharp I. and wife Sarah. Col. Starkey Sharp II, 
1785-1833, was the son of Starkey Sharp I by his second mar- 
riage with Jamima Hare. He was the uncle of Starkey III, 
Elisha H., Thos. B., J. B., and Jacob Sharp. He was 
Colonel in the militia, and never married. In his will he 
gave $1,000 to the poor of the county and provided for its 
distribution. Col. S. Sharp III was thrice married. His 
first wife was Mrs. Sallie Simons, widow of John Simons and 
daughter of Watson Lewis, Sr. His second wife was Eleanor 
Hardy, daughter of Humphrey Hardy, of Bertie. His third 




Chief JfSTiCE W. N. H. SMITH. 



Decade IX.— 1840-1850. 167 

wife was Jane Lewis, sister of his first wife. His daughter 
Nannie, by his second marriage, first married James Walton. 
The latter died leaving his wife and two daughters surviv- 
ing. E. D. Scull later married the widow Walton and left 
children. Col. Sharp by his last marriage left two sons, 
Starkey IV. and Hunter, and two daughters, the present Mrs. 
Dr. John T. Shubriek, of Kocky Mount, N. C, and grandson 
of Commodore Wm. B. Shubriek (1790-1874), of TJ. S. 
Navy, and who performed distinguished service in the War 
of 1812, and also in the Mexican War. Fannie, who became 
the wife of Hon. Thomas E. Jemigan. Starkey Sharp IV. 
married Annie, the very attractive daughter of the late emi- 
nent physician, Andrew J. Askew, of Bertie. J. Bembury 
Sharp also married a Miss Simons, and they were the parents 
of the late John, James and Charles L. Sharp. John Sharp 
was Public Eegister of the county from 1857-1866, and was 
Sheriff from 1878-1880. 

Jacob Sharp, another brother, married Elizabeth Simons, 
and they were the parents of Capt. Wm. Sharp, of Confeder- 
ate fame ; Col. Thos. H. Sharpe, of the 17th N. C. Regiment 
in the late Civil War, and of our H. C. Sharp, the ex-Eegister 
of Deeds of the county. The Sharps have been prominent 
and influential people and of wealth in the county for a long 
while, and most of them had military titles, acquired either 
in the militia or in the war of 1861-5. The original Col. 
Starkey Sharp was the son of William Sharp, who married a 
Miss Starkey, of the same family as Edward and John 
Starkey, the old colonial legislators from Onslow County, in 
this State, and by that marriage the name of '^Starkey 
Sharp," which has been persisted in so long, was acquired. 

In 1844 Richard G. Cowper resigned the office of Sheriff to 
accept the Whig nomination for the Senate against Dr. G. C. 
Moore, the Democratic candidate. Moore had defeated the 
Whig candidiate, B. T. Spiers, at the preceding election, but 
the old Sheriff was too well drilled in the art and wiles of 



168 



History of Hertfoed Codntt, N". C. 




politics to be defeated, and he was triumphantly elected, to 
the joy of his party friends. 
He and Lewis M. Cowper 
were brothers and were 
sons of William Cowper, 
whose second wife was the 
daughter of Capt. Lewis 
Meredith, of Murfreee- 
boro. They had a brother, 
.William, who lived in 
Gates County. Wm. Cow- 
per's first wife was the 
daughter of Wm. Rea. 
The Sheriff married the 
only daughter of Harry 
W, Long, of Murfreea- 
boro. Long was a lawyer 
who lived on his lands in Maney's Neck, until about 
1824, wlien he moved to Murfreesboro to live. (3eor^ Cow- 
per, the son of tjie old Sheriff, is very much like hia father 
in favor. 

B. T, Spiers, the Senator in 
1840, was a lawyer by pro- 
fession, but never praotioed. 
He resided on his valuable 
plantation near Buckhom, and 
enjoyed the frequent visits of 
friends. He took life easy, 
le married Miss Margaret 
L. Rea, the daughter of 
Sampson Rea, and sister of 
Sampson Rea LII. 
Mr, Spiers was a liigh-toned and honorable man, a kind 
neiglibor, and a splendid citizen. He also had a large landed 




Decade IX.— 1840-1850. 169 

estate in Tlorida, and wheal the Civil War ended in 1865 he 
bad in Florida over two hundred bales of cotton. Cotton in 
1865 and 1866 sold as high as 60 cents per. pound. This was 
a fine fortune, but the burdens of the war were eo great he 
was not permitted to enjoy his fortune long. But few could 
carry the burdens caused by the Kevolution and the destruc- 
tion of property. Money and property were gone, and debta 
and suretyship liabilities remained. He reared several chil- 
dren to reflect honor upon his name. His two most excellent, 
refined and intellectual daughters were Lucy and Margaret 
L. The former married Dr. Davis Bryant, of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., and the latter married E. L. Hill, Esq., of New York 
City. Hill died a few years ago, leaving surviving him his 
handsome widow, whoso likeness, taken in 1904, is here seen, 
ilrs. Bryant as a young wo- 
man was a most reanarkable 
man. She was a splendid 
looking woman, lofty and 
\ beautiful in character and 
strong in intellect. She and 
' her husband, with their beauti- 
ful daughter, still reside in 
BrookljTi. Mr. Spiers has two 
sons, Douglas and William, 
living in Florida, and one son, 
Tyrone, in California, and 
another son, H. McD. Spiers, who lives at the old homestead, 
near Buekhom. This noble old citizen died in the 13th 
decade. 

MEXICAN WAS. 

The trouble between Mexico and the United States 
about the boundary line between the two countries culminated 
in 1846 in a war, during President Polk's administration. 
A call was made on the States for troops. Hertford County 
was asked for eighteen soldiers. About fifty volunteered 
flieir services, but only a very limited number was wanted. 





170 HisTOKY OF Hektfokd County, N. C. 

Wlien (iiey met in Winton W. N. H. Smith made them a 
patriotic speech and explained the nature and cause of the 
conflict. Finally twenty-four were accepted. Among them 
were: Drewry W. Beal, William W, Willonghby, Kichard 
Langston, Tixon Hoggard, and 
Junius B, Wheeler, who was a 
graduaite at West Point and 
an officer in the U. S. army. 
We have been unable to get all 
the names. This little excit£- 
I ment caused the State to de- 
mand a reorganization of her 
militia in 1847. In Hertford, 
Starkey Sharp, of Harrells- 
ville, was chosen Colonel, and 
"'■1 S. D. Winbome, of ilaney's- 

Neck, who was in his 27th year, was elected Major, Win- 
Borne had been a student a few years prior at the U. S. 
Military Academy at Weat Point. 

In 1845 W. ISr. H. Smith, Elisha D. Brett, Lawrence Eley, 
Harrison C. Lassiter and William Hays were elected as mem- 
bers of the Board of Superintendents of Public Schools, and 
in 1846 J, A. Anderson, Capt. Samuel Moore, W. D. Pru- 
den and W. W, Mitchell were elected to serve with Mr. 
Smith. The people of this county have always taken great 
interest in public education. 

Mr. Smith, in August, 1848, resigned as County Attorney, 
and his half brother, Antonio P. Yancey, was elected, which 
position he held until he resigned at August Term, 1851. 
He was succeeded by W. D. Valentine, of Winton, an attor- 
ney of fair ability, and a man of unstained character. He 
had served as Clerk of the Superior Court. His diary was 
a most valuable boot, but the writer has been unable to get 
a copy. 

The death roll during this period ccmtains the names of 
Timothy Kidley, w>n of Day Ridley, of Eevolutionary fame, 




Maj. s. y>. win 



Decade IX.— 1840-1850. 171 

'and once Ghairman of the County Court Miles H. Jemi- 
gan, Rev. Amos Rayner, James Worrell, the father of James 
A., and Cyrus E. Worrell, Jordan Gatling, Silas Parker, W. 
W. Sessoms, Thomas B. Sharp, Leander Tayloe, father of 
the late W. S., James, David, and Capt. Langley Tayloe, 
Mrs. James M. Yancey, the mother of W. N". H. Smith, and 
Antonio Yancey, passes over the river. Capt Leander Tay- 
loe was of the same family as Rev. Jonathan Tayloe, a dis- 
tinguished citizen of Bertie, and a great Baptist. The first 
Jonathan Tayloe was a freeholder in Bertie as far back as 
1711. The second Jonathan Tayloe was in the war of 
1812-14. 

Henry L. Williams, one of the new Justices of the Peace 
during this decade, lived in Maney's Neck, where Blount 
Ferguson now resides, and was engaged largely in the mer- 
cantile business, and, also, a large planter. He married the 
widow, Mary Chamblee, who had three children by her first 
marriage, Elizabeth, William, and John Chamblee. She 
had several children by her second marriage to Mr. Williams. 
Their daughter, Martha E., married Adolphus Jones,* of 
Nansemond County, Va., and another daughter, Amanda, 
married Henry C. Brett The latter were the parents of 
Mrs. T. E. Vann and the late George Culbret Brett. Their 
son, Eldridge, married Harriet Darden, daughter of Titus 
Darden. , He died leaving his widow and two daughters sur- 
viving him. Their daughter, Aromitta, married Capt Thos. 
Burbage, of Franklin, Va. 

James Worrell was twice married. His first wife was 
Miss Williams, and they had several children, Richard, 
James A., and two daughters, who died young. His second 
wife was Mrs. Martha Johnson, nee Wheeler, sister of John 
Wheeler, of Murfreesboro. By this marriage he reared two 
sons, the late Dr. Cyrus E. Worrell and John Wesley Worrell. 
The late Richard Johnson, of this county, was the son of 
Martha Wheeler, by her first husband, Richard W. Johnson. 
Miss Wheeler was born in New Jersey in 1749, and died 



172 History of Hektfobd County, 2^. C. 

in Heitford County, May 15, 1827. James Worrell died in 
1846. James A. Worrell, like his father, was twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was Titus Darden's daughter, Harriet, 
who first married Eldridge Williams, son of Henry L. Wil- 
liams. Her daughter by her marriage with Williams was 
the first wife of L. F. Lee, the busy magistrate of the Neck. 
The widow Williams was the mother of James A. Worrell's 
children. They are the grand-parents of lawyer J. A. Wor- 
rell, of Jackson, N". C. Elisha Worrell, a brother of James 
Worrell, died March 3, 1824. Their sister married Francis 
Williamson. Richard, the brother of James A. Worrell, 
married first Betsy Camp, of Murfreesboro, and they were 
the parents of Edward and Richard Worrell, Jr. After the 
death of his Camp wife, he married Rebecca Hardy, the 
widow of Charles Hardy, of Norfolk. Dr. Cyrus E. Wor- 
rell was bom March 10, 1826. He was educated at Buck- 
horn, Chapel Hill, and the University of Pennsylvania with 
distinction. He married, in the 11th decade. Miss Beal, of 
Southampton County, Va, He died January 6, 1875, leav- 
ing his widow and two sons, Julian and Cyrus E. Worrell, 
Jr. His widow later married George A. Brett John Wes- 
ley Worrell married a MisiS Eason, of Northampton County. 
He died a few years ago leaving his widow and several 
children surviving. They live at the old James Worrell 
homestead. Charles W. Worrell, the son of James A. Wor- 
rell, married Miss Rountree, daughter of Oapt A. J. Roun- 
tree, of Rich Square, "N. C. Joseph E. Carter, of Maney's 
'Neck, married his daughter, Ida, and his youngest son, Wal- 
ter Worrell, married Miss Lilly Vick, of Murfreesboro. All 
of these people were prominent people in Maney's Neck. 
Miss Vick was a cousin of Mary Vick, the great belle in the 
fifties in the Neck, who married Mr. McKenny and moved 
to Marianna, Fla., where she died about four years ago. 



Decade IX.— 1840-1850. 173 

BICHAED JORDAN GATLING. 

In 1822 James Gatling, an unlettered but an honorable 
man, who years before married Mary Cowper, sister of Wm. 
Cowper, died in Hertfofpd County, leaving surviving him two 
daughters and two sons, Elizabeth, wife of Charles Guy, 
Polly, Wm. Cowper, and Jordan Gatling. His son, Jor- 
dan, married Mary Barnes. From this marriage there were 
bom six sons, the third son being Richard Jordan Gatling, 
who became a distinguished American inventor, and was bom 
in Hertford County September 12, 1818. His celebrated 
revolving battery gun, which bears his name, has given him 
a world-wide fame. His inventive genius began to show it- 
self in his young days. At the age of 19 he began to teach 
school, but soon abandoned that occupation and engaged in 
merchandising in his native county at Frazier's X Roads. 
During that time and shortly after his majority he invented 
the screw-propeller, now so extensively used in steam vessels. 
He applied for a patent for his invention, but, much to his 
disappointment and sorrow, he discovered that a patent had 
already been granted for such an invention. ITot being dis- 
couraged, shortly thereafter, about the year 1839, he invented 
and had patented a seed sowing machine, designed for sowing 
rice, which he afterwards used for sowing wheat in drills. 
In 1844 he left his native county and settled in St Louis. 
There he had his seed-sowing machine manufactured and 
plajced upon the market, which found ready sale. In 1850 
he graduated in medicine at the Ohio Medical College in 
Cincinnati, and settled in Indianapolis, but did not practice, 
but engaged in the manufacture and sale of his machines. 
He was the first to introduce this class of farm implements 
into the Northwestern States, and probably did mbre than 
any other man to secure the adoption of drill culture in the 
West- His skill as an inventor received recognition from 
several distinguished sources, including a medal and diploma 
from the Crystal Palace, London, in 1851, and a gold medal 
from the American Institute, New York, 



174: HiSTOBY OF BblBTFORD CoUNTY, N. C. 

He made many other inventions, one of them being the 
method of using compressed air in working drills in mining 
operations and in the construction of tunnels, the invention of 
a steam plow. But the ' invention that gave him a world- 
wide fame was the invention of the Gatling Gun. 

The idea of the machine gun was conceived by him in 
1861, aad was first constructed aad fired by the inventor at 
Indianapolis in 1862. In 1865 he had twelve of his guns 
made by the Cooper Fire Arms Manufacturing Company in 
Philadelphia. They were subjected to a severe test under 
direction of the United States War Department. In 1866 
the United States Government gave an order for 100 of these 
guns, which were made at Colts Armory in Hartford, Con- 
necticut, and delivered in 1867. 

Dr. Gajtling then made his home in Hartford and con- 
tinued to advertise his guns to the world. It has now been 
adopted by all the governments of Europe except Belgium, 
and nearly all the South American governments. 

Technically described, the Gaitling gun is a group of rifle 
barrels arrang&d longitudinally around a central shaft and re- 
volving with it. These barrels are loaded ajt breech with me- 
tallic cartridges while the barrels revolve. The gun is oper- 
ated by two men, one turning the crank, and the other supply- 
ing the breech with cartridges, and when in operation it 
insures a continuous fire. Dr. Gatling devoted nearly thirty 
years of his life to the task of perfecting this wonderful in- 
vention and has personally supervised and conducted the 
numerous tests of its efficiency before nearly all the crowned 
heads of Europe. Everywhere he was received with distin- 
guished consideration, but the honors heaped upon him never 
changed him. He remained the same well-bred gentleman, 
gentle in speech and manner, always preserving that repub- 
lican simplicity which so well befits the American citizen, 
and is the surest passport to kindly recognition. 

He received many honors from the associations of Invent- 
ors and Manufacturers, and from scientific bodiesi, both at 



Decade IX.— 1840-1850. 175 

home and abroad. The State of North Carolina may well be 
proud of this modest and industrious son. His eminent per- 
sonal merit and high scientific achievements reflect honor 
upon his American name. He was married at Indianapolis 
in 1854 to Miss Jemimia Sanders, daughter of Dr. John H. 
Sanders, of that city. 

Dr. Gatling died February 26, 1903, in New York City, 
and was buried at Indianapolis, Ind. His widow and one 
daughter and one son survive him. Mrs. Gatling resides 
with her daughter, Mrs. Hugh O, Pentecost, in New York 
City, and his son, Richard H. Gatling, is a speculator in 
real estate in-the same city. 

Dr. Gatling's mother was a woman of strong and sublime 
Christian character. After the death of her husband in 
1848, she was often seen riding about the neighborhood, visit- 
ing friends, going to church, and looking after her business 
alone, in her top gig drawn by her old gentle gray horse. 
The Doctor^s brother, Wm. J. Gatling, was a lawyer by pro- 
fession, but after going West became a large operator in the 
gold milies of Canada, wLile his brother James H. Gatling 
lived at the old homestead in Maney^s Neck, until be was 
brutally murdered in the morning of September 2, 1879, 
while feeding his hogs, by a crazy man by the name of Vann. 
James H. left an estate worth- about $25,000, and during the 
settlement of the estate by the writer, as administrator. Dr. 
Gatling made frequent visits to Murf reesboro. The sad fate 
of his brother greatly bereaved him. His eldest brother 
was Thomas Barnes Gatling, who married and left two chil- 
dren, Isaac and Rebecca ; the latter married Jno. T. Peebles, 
of Northampton County, where they now have descendants 
living. William and James H. never married, but were 
men of great industry and ingenuity and both were inventors, 
as was their noble old father. Mrs. Mary Gatling had three 
brothers — Thomas, Jesse and Ribhard Barnes. 

Sarah, Purdie, of old, who lived across William street from 
H. T. Lassiter's lot in the Boro Town, was a Miss Sarah 



176 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Maget, the aunt of the late John E. Maget and Jamee £L 
Maget Miss Maget first married one of the HiUa. After 
his death she married a widower Blount. She was a prim 
little woman and fond of show and the ball-room, where she 
delighted the lookers-on by her active and fantastic move- 
ments on the well-waxed floor. She was possessed of much 
of the world^s riches, and dressed in the tip of fashion. 
After the death of her second husband, she married Samuel 
Nicholson, of Maney's Neck. He died in the eighth decade, 
while in New York City on a business visit. Sometime 
after Nicholson's death she was courted by Dr. John H. 
Purdie, of Enfield, N. C, and she married him. The Doc- 
tor was a high-fiyer in society, a hard drinker, and was 
heavily in debt. This was unknown to the rich little widow. 
Soon after their marriage the Doctor's creditors bounced 
down on him, and levied on the personal property of his new 
wife to collect their debts. This horrified his little bride, 
who had thrice before been a bride, and at the end of about 
six weeks they separated and the Doctor was persuaded to 
convey all property rights in her property to Dr. Thos. J. 
Harper, in trust for the woman he fooled, and she returned 
to her old home in Murfreesboro and lived the remainder of 
her days alone with her well-trained colored nurses, who 
were devoted to her. Their descendants now often speak 
affectionately of old Mistress Purdie. Her will was written 
July 22, 1840, and probated at May Term, 1850. Dr. 
Purdie was a descendant of Alexander Purdie, who was ap- 
pointed Public Printer of the Province of North Carolina 
in 1762. Col. Uriah Vaughan administered and settled her 
esLaxe. 

Some of the fashionable marriages in the lower end of the 
county in 1848 were: Richard Blount, of Memphis, to Miss 
Bartha Sanders, the lovely and admired step-daughter of 
Watson Lewis; Watson S. Winbome to the gentle Isabella 
Lassiter. In the midst of these festive occasions the death 
of Elleanor Hardy, the young and beautiful wife of Col. 




Decade IX.— 1840-1850. 177 

Starkey Sharp III, brings sadness in the gay and festive 
neighborhood of Mill Neck, Miss Saunders had been a 
gi-eat belle in the lower end of the county, as were Misses 
Mary Vick and Annie Waddill, in Maney' Neck, and many 
a stout heart of our young men was pained at her decision to 
make her home in the far West. 

William Dossey Pruden was 
bom in Gates County, Febru- 
ary 22, 1812, and died in Hert- 
ford County, N, C, January 
15, 1874. He was the son of 
Kev. Nathaniel Pruden and 
) Marcella Newsom, his wife. 
His parents on both sides were 
English extraction, his 
grandfather James Pruden 
having come to this country in 
w. D. PRUDEN. (jjg latter part of the seven- 

teenth century, or early in the eighteenth, and the Newsom 
family before that time. Rev, Nathaniel Pruden was one 
of the pioneer Baptist preachers of Eastern North Carolina, 
whose career commenced at the beginning of the eighteenth 
century and continued to his death, about 1818, He was 
one of the founders of the North Carolina State Baptist 
Convention, His son was named for the Kev. William Dos- 
sey, a prominent Baptist preacher of that day. He was very 
young at the time of his father's death and, his mother hav- 
ing died before his father, he was taken to Hertford County, 
N. C, where he became an inmate of the family of his uncle, 
Capt. Michael E. Newsom. Having very little estate, he was 
deprived of early educational advantages, but availed him- 
self of such as he had and acquired knowledge rapidly. When 
he was about twenty years of age he became a aohool-teacher, 
among his pupils being the famous Eichard J, Gatling, the 
inventor of t3ie Gatling Gun, and many others, who became 
prominent in the coimty. In 1835 he married Martha Qt. 
12 



178 History of Hebtfobd County, N. 0. 

Riddick, the daugh'ter of James Riddick, of Hertford County. 
He was always deeply interested in agriculture, as his an- 
cestors had been before him for generations, and shortly 
after reaching full age he became a farmer and devoted his 
entire life to that vocation. He pursued it with unusual 
energy and intelligence, and was always successful. About 
1835 he bought valuable lands in what is known as the Mill 
Neck district of Hertford County, remarkable for the pro- 
ductiveness of its soil, for which he gave his notes. These 
notes he paid promptly when they came due, and at the time 
of his death he owned the farm which he first bought, with 
other valuable lands in that community, which lands are still 
owned by his children. 

Of his marriage eight children were bom, three of whom 
died in infancy, and two sons, when they were approaching 
manhood, one of them at the University of Virginia, where 
he was pursuing his education ; three survived him, of whom 
one died shortly thereafter, and his only representatives now 
are Mrs. Horatio Hayes, -who lives at the old home, and 
W. D. Pruden, a lawyer of Edenton. 

He was a man of great independence of thought and action. 
Early in life he joined the Methodist church, the first one of 
his family in this country who belonged to any other church 
but the Baptist. He always, however, had great respect and 
attachment for the Baptist church, in which his father and 
his ancestors had worshipped. For more than forty years he 
was an active member of the Methodist church, and one of 
its official body. He frequently represented hie church in its 
annual and quarterly conferences, and took great interest in 
everything which pertained to it. He died in its faith. 

In politics he was a Whig, until the Whig party ceased to 
exist, and was a good representative of that class of worthy 
citizens who largely composed the Whig party in North Caro- 
lina. After that he became a Democrat, and remained one 
until his death. He neevr sought or d^ired office. Fre- 



Decade IX.— 1840-1850. 179 

quently he presided at the county conventions of his party, 
and was for many years one of the justices of the peace 
of the county and a member of the Special County Court. 
He was an earnest Union man up to the time President Lin- 
coln issued his proclamation calling for troops to coerce the 
States. He believed in the right of secession, but did not 
believe that it was at the time practicable or necessary. He 
clung earnestly to the old flag, and to the history aud tradi- 
tions of his country. The discussions between him and some 
of his neighbors, who took a different view, at the neighbor- 
hood gatherings, were frequent and earnest. He believed 
that the allegiance of the citizen was due first to the State in 
which he lived, and could not tolerate the thought that the 
general government could or would ooeroe the States to re- 
main in the. Union, and when that proclamation was issued 
he said to one of his nearest neighbors, who was an earnest 
secessionist, "From this time on I am as strong as you in 
favor of the Southern Confederacy.^' No mau was more 
loyal thereafter to the South; no man gave more liberally 
and vdllingly of his means and his talents to the support of 
the Southern cause. His sons, except one, were too young 
to go into the army. That one did go, with his approval and 
encouragement, and was in the army at the close of the war. 
When the war closed, like others he found his estate reduced, 
labor demoralized, and conditions generally unsatisfactory 
and gloomy, but he took up arms vigorously against these 
troubles and overcame them, and prospered until his death 
in 1874, leading all the time the quiet life of a farmer. His 
wife died in 1867, and he never married again, but devoted 
himself to the care and comfort of his children. He was a 
believer in education, and spent a large part of his income 
in educating his children. All of them who reached matu- 
rity were given every advantage that the schools of the day 
afforded. His oldest daughter, Mrs. Horatio Hayes, now 
approaching seventy, a well-educated woman, lives at the 



180 History of Hebtfoed Gotjnty, N. G. 

ancestral home, and his eldest son, W. D. Pruden, of Eden- 
ton, has been a lawyer in active practice in the First Judi- 
cial District for more than thirty years. 

The record of the courts and the history of Hertford 
County bear testimony to the active and faithful labor of this 
man, and his children and friends are justly proud of the 
record. 

In 1703, in the second year of the reign of Queen 
Anne of England, and during the govermnent of the Lords 
Proprietors of Carolina, at Edenton, in the county of Albe- 
marle, John Pruden was a vestryman of St. Paul's Church, 
the established church of England, It may be he was the 
forerunner of the Prudens in this country. 

GEN. W. D. BABNES. 

Judge William Deanes Barnes, of Florida, was a native 
of Hertford County. His parents were Thomas Barnes and 
wife, Sarah Barnes, nee Deanes. They lived about five miles 
bact of Murfreesboro, at the home of the late W. T. Brown. 
Mrs. Sarah Barnes was the daughter of the old Sheriff Thos. 
Deanes. Thomas Barnes and Mrs. Jordan Catling were 
brother and sister. They moved to Jackson County, Fla., 
in 1847 while their son W. D. was at the University of the 
State. After he graduated he studied law and located in 
Marianna, Ela. He was in the Confederate Army and was 
promoted to the rank of brigadier-general in the army. After 
the war he devoted himself to his profession. The writer 
visited him in 1877 and again in 1879 on professional busi- 
ness. He was a most delightful gentleman and had a lovely 
family. His wife was a Miss Cotton, of Raleigh, and sister 
of the wife of Col. W. L. Saunders, the late Secretary of 
State of North Carolina. In 1854 he was elected Solicitor 
of the Western District of Elorida. In 1879 he was Presi- 
dent of the State Senate. From 1880 to 1890 he was Comp- 
troller of the State. In May, 1890, he was appointed Judge 
of the First Judicial District of his State, which oflSice he 
was holding when he died in 1896. He was bom in 1830. 



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DECADE X. 

1850—1860. 

During the 8th and 9th decades of the county the Baptist 
and Methodist denominations had grown strong. The Meth- 
odists were in the lead in Murfreesboro, and had established 
themselves strongly in Winton, Harrellsville, Union (form- 
erly Blue Water), and other places in the county. A rivalry 
between these two denominations for mastership began, and 
their ministers in Eastern Carolina instigated a most unwise 
custom of discussing their creeds and doctrines in public 
debate. To the writer such vanity seems strange and un- 
accountable. Why peeople striving to glorify the one great 
common Lord and Master should permit their differences as 
to the mode of worship and the like, to so excite their pas- 
sions and prejudices to that extent that will cover up their 
love of Christ and of their neighbors, which is the essence of 
Christianity, is incomprehensible to the writer. 

We were intended to differ, and our differences should not 
breed intolerance. Who is to be the judge? We cannot 
expect perfection on earth. 

Plato of old dreamed of a perfect and happy republic, 
when every oflScer would be guided in his conduct by the 
most rigid rules of moral ethics. But he never realized the 
millenium of his dream, nor will we who differ in our notions 
of religious creeds and modes of worship, ever settle the ques- 
tion as to who is right. Love of Christ and of our neighbors 
is the only test of true Christianity. But sometimes these con- 
troversies, which seem on the surface to be productive of so 
much unhappy strife, produce the most happy results. This 
honorable rivalry between these two strong Christian denomi- 
nations caused the Baptists of the Chowan Association, which 
received its origin at the Meherrin church (Parker's) near 
the town of Murfreesboro, to establish the Chowan Baptist 
Female Institute in Murfreesboro in 1848. It supplanted 
the Banks' school, and during its primeval days was con- 



182 History of Hertfobd County, N. C. 

ducted in the Banks' School building under the auspices of 
the Baptist denoanination of the Albemarle section. The 
Baptists kept at the head of this institution of learning from 
its origin to the present time, the foremost teachers of their 
times. 

The first preside^t was Rev. Martin Rudolph Forey, a 
native of New York, and a graduate of Madison University 
of that State. Mr. Forey was a Christlike man, of great 
literary culture, and of wonderful energy and business sagac- 
ity. He gave the school a high standard, and its reputation 
was quickly heralded throughout the States. Dr. Forey was 
succeeded as head of the institution by that great scholar and 
Baptist divine. Dr. William Hooper, the grandson of the 
illustrious William Hooper, one of the signers of the immor- 
tal Declaration of Independence in 1776, and whose picture 
now hangs on the wall in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, 
reflecting the intellectuality of that wonderful man. 

The distinguished Dr. William Hooper was succeeded by 
Kev. Archibald McDowell, of South Carolina, who was a 
sublime Christian gentleman and a ripe scholar. Dr. Mc- 
Dowell died in 1881, and Prof. John B. Brewer, of Wilson, 
N. C, a graduate of Wake Forest and a grandson of Presi- 
dent Wait of that college, was put in charge of this famous 
institution of learning and shaped its onward course for a 
number of years, when he was succeeded for a short period 
by Prof. W. O. Petty, of South Carolina. The present chief 
officer of the institution and successor of Professor Petty, is 
Hon. Joihn C. Scarborough, who for sixteen years held the 
office of Superintendent of Public Instruction in North Caro- 
lina, and who so ably guided the educational interests of the 
State. 

There are now about 100 or more young ladies whose 
hearts and minds are being trained at this institution of 
learning. Its first commencement was held in 1849. 

That same honorable rivalry caused the Methodists in 
Eastern North Carolina and Virginia to establish in the 



Decade X.— 1850-1860. 183 

same town the Wesleyan. Female College, and, like the Bap- 
tists, they kept at the head of their institution of learning the 
ablest teachers in the Virginia Conference of the M. E. 
Church, with a most capable faculty. Eev. Joseph H. Davis, 
a man of great learning and a devout Christian, wa© their 
first president He was succeeded by Kev. D. P. Wills, a 
gentleman who kept the college up to the high standard fixed 
by his predecessors. Then came the eloquent and gifted 
*Eev. Cornelius B. Riddick at its head, who presided with 
great success for several years when he was succeeded for a 
brief period by Rev. James D. Coullings. The latter was suc- 
ceeded by that great scholar and divine of the Virginia Con- 
ference, Kev. Paul Whitehead, who is the Chief Justice of 
that distinguished body. Then followed as its chief officer 
the eloquent, scholarly and chivalrous Eev. William G. Star, 
who was at the helm when the magnificent building of the 
famous college was destroyed by fire in 1877. The college 
was rebuilt in 1881. In the meantime the dividing line be- 
tween the Virginia and North Carolina Conferences had been 
changed by thromng Eastern Carolina into the North Caro- 
lina Conference. After the rebuilding of the college it was 
presided over first by Prof. E. E. Parham, of Warren County, 
N. C, and secondly by Eev. E. P. Troy, of the N. C. Con- 
ference, when it was again destroyed by fire in 1893. It 
has never been rebuilt since the last fire. 

The incalculable benefits received by North Carolina and 
Virginia from the above two female colleges in sending out 
within their borders educated Christian mothers are lasting 
monuments to the founders and friends of those two foun- 
tains of knowledge and of wisdom. If denominational con- 
troversies and rivalry will always produce such wonderful 
and happy results, let them continue. 

John A. Anderson for a number of years had filled places, 
of important trusts. He had served for years as County 
Trustee, as a member of the Governor's Council during Gov- 
ernor Manly's administration, and on the death of John 



184 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

I 

Vann, Esq., in 1850, he was elected Chairman of the County 
Court, and served with marked ability for several years, 
when he resigned in 1857, and was succeeded by Dr. G. 0. 
]\foore. In 18'61 he was again elected Chairman of the 
Court and held the position to his death, in June of the same 
year. 

Mr. Anderson had a large circle of friends, and was espe- 
cially a favorite with the members of the bar, who greatly 
enjoyed his hospitality during the sessions of the Court. He ' 
was the owner of a large estate, which was settled by his per- 
sonal friends John A. Vann and W. D. HoUoman. He was 
a descendant of Maj. John Brown, the old Tory of St. John^s. 

John A. Anderson was married twica His first wife, 
Elizabeth, died February 10, 1825, and he afterwards mar- 
ried the young widow of Dr. John C. Montgomery, who was 
Harriet, the daughter of Leven Duer and his wife Margaret, 
and sister to Andrew V. Duer, the Public Register, who died 
April 17, 1831. At the Spring Term, 1824, of Hertford 
Court, the suit of Miss Harriet Duer against Dr. Lawrence 
O'Bryan for breach of promise of marriage was tried in 
Winton. The jury rendered a verdict in favor of the plain- 
tiff for $218. The costs was said to be about $400. This 
would indicate that quite a number of witneeees were exam- 
ined. The old bachelors, Patrick Brown and Dr. Thomas 
O'Dwyer, had taken considerable interest in the trial and 
thought their friend O^Bryan got out very easy. O'Bryan 
afterwards married Barsha Gordon and moved South. Brown 
said to O'Dwyer on his return from court on the day of the 
trial: 

"A pretty girl who gets a kiss and runs and tells her mother, 
Does what she should not do, and doesn't deserve another '* 

Miss Duer shortly thereafter married Dr. John C. Mont- 
gomery, brother of Bridger J. and G. W. Montgomery. He 
only lived about six months after his marriage. 



Decade X.— 1850-1860. 185 

Nancy, the widow of Howell Jones, Esq., died January, 
1808, and was buried in the Duer graveyard. Howell Jones 
was Clerk and Master in Equity for a number of yeara, and 
was the father of Howell Morgan Jones. 

John A. Anderson died in 1861 in his sixty-fourth year, 
and his wife in 1866. His son, James L. Anderson, who 
represented the county in the House in 1889 and 1891, died 
in 1896, aged 57 years. Mr. Anderson bad two daughters — 
Mrs. J. W. Faison, of Winton, and Mrs. H. B. Knox, of New 
Orleans. The latter was r^arded as a great beauty in her 
younger daysw 

Lemuel R. Jernigan was one of the most substantial and 
influential men of his day in the county. He descended 
from a long line of influential and honorable ancestors. In 
1831, when a young man, he was elected Public Register to 
succeed Andrew V. Duer, deceased, which office he filled 
until 1843, when he resigned to accept the office of County 
Trustee (which was the same as Treasurer), to which he was 
•elected in February, 1844, over E. D. Britt by a vote of 19 
to 10. J. A. Anderson, John Vann, James L. Grimes and 
Dr. Edw. S. Neal voted for John L. Jenkins, the father of 
•our bank cashier, Paul E. Jenkins. This office he held 
until 1854. His official position did not occupy the whole 
•of his ti*me, as we find him during the whole period of 
his official life engaged in the mercantile pursuits with 
William B. Wynns at Barfields, and later with his 
brother-in-law, Stark^ S. Harrell, Jr. He lived a busy 
-and ajctive life and accumulated a considerable estate. He 
kept well posted on all public questions, and those seeking 
official position courted his influence and. laid. He was too 
old to enter the Confederate Army, biit he served his county 
^nd his State in various ways in providing for and looking 




186 History of Hebtfobd County, N. 0. 

after the famUiee of the aol- 
diera in his county. He mar- 
ried Mary, the daughter of 
Starkey S. Harrell, Sr., and 
granddaughter of Nathan Har- 
rell. Hia wife was first cousin 
I to Chief Justice Smith. His 
fatheir was Miles H. Jemigan^ 
whose will was probated in 
February, 1843, and hia grand- 
father was Mills Jemigan,who 
was Public Register in the 
county from 1800 to 1813, and was Entry Taker shortly after 
the War of 1776-1782. Hon. Spencer Jamagan's father was a 
relative of Mills Jeraigan, of Hertford County, and emigrated 
to Tennesae before it became a State and while it w«s a part 
of North Carolina, He graduated at Greenville College in 
1813, studied law and was elected to the U. S. Senate from 
Tennessee as a Whig in 1843 and served from December 4, 
1843, to March 3, 1847. He spelt his name different from 
those in North Carolina, but we have found the name Jaraor 
gan in the old State records and also in old papers in this 
county. It is pronounced in that way even now by the un- 
lettered, 

L. E. Jemigan died December 8, 1866, at Barfields, leav- 
ing his widow surviving him and two sons and one daugh- 
ter — John H,, Mary H., and Thos. R, Jemigan. 

Mr. Jernigan was succeeded in 1854 as County Trustee by 
Elisha D. Britt, of Maney'a Neck, who held the office until 
1861. Jethro W. Bamee, the neighbor and friend of Britt, 
was County Surveyor from about 1834 to 1858. John P. 
Bridger was elected Sheriff at the November Term, 1848, 
and remained in ofBce until August Term, 1856, when he 
was succeeded by John A. Vann, son of the old chairman. 
Bridger succeeded Abner J. Perry, who succeeded Preston 
Peny. 



Decade X.— 1850-1860. 187 

Among the foremen of the grand jury during this decade 
we find John W. Southall, Uriah Vaughan, L. R. Jernigan, 
Elisha D. Britt, S. D. Winbome, Jethro W. Barnes. The 
jolly W. B. Day is frequently on hand as the special officer of 
the grand jury, a position which had been frequently held 
by Edw. F. Dunston and Constable Thomas Winbome III. 

J. B. Slaughter served for a short time as Clerk of Supe- 
rior Court just prior to G. W. Beverly. He resigned to be 
a candidate for the House in 1856 against W. L. Daniel, and 
was elected. 

Among the new justices of the peace found presiding in 
the county courts during this decade are Samuel Moore, Jno. 
V. Lawrence, Drewry Vinson, James Barnes, William Dar- 
den, W. M. Montgomery, Howell M. Jones, John W. South- 
all, Jacob Shiarp, A. G, Vann, Daniel Valentine, J. B. 
Sharp, James A. Kiddick, T. D. Vann. In 1857 the fol- 
lowing new justices of the peace qualified: John P. Lee, 
S. D. Winbome, L. R. Jernigan, Watson Lewis, Jr., W. L. 
Daniel, James M. Wynns, B. A. Oapehart and Jesse C. 
Powell. 

In August, 1851, A. P. Yancey, on account of bad health, 
retires as County Attorney and W, D. Valentine, the former 
Clerk of the Superior Court, is elected to succeed Yancey. 
At February Term, 1855, W. N. H. Smith qualified as ad- 
ministrator of his half brothel", A. P. Yancey, and Daniel 
Velentine, at November Term, 1856, qualified as adminis- 
trator of his brother, W. D. Valentine. Jesse J. Yates was 
elected County Attorney at August Term, 1855, and served 
until 1860. 

A notice of the late John V. Lawrence, who was active and 
prominent in county affairs during this period will be found 
in the 5th decade, with the Ilea's, one of whom he married. 

The wealthy and elegant and aristocratic cavallier, John 
W. Southall, another of the county's dignitaries of these 
times, is sketched, with the notice of his father, in the 6tiL 
decade. 



188 History of Heetfoed County, N. C. 

John Winborne, of the oast end of the countj, who was 
for a long while one of the county's worthies, died in 1847, 
and his highly esteemed son, William J. Winborne, of the 
same section, succumbs to fever in the prime of life during 
this period. Elisha Vaughan of tlie west end follows. 

Edward F. Dunston, of whom we have mentioned, was 
one of the old worthies of the Borougli town. He married 
Miss Mary Louise Vaughan, of the upper Southampton 
Vaughans,of Virginia, and of revolutionary fame. Edward F. 
Dunston was a descendant of John Dunston, a distinguished 
Englishman, who came to America in 1723 to fill the office 
of Commissioner of CuS'toms at Edenton. He was a man 
of fine ability and great prominence. Edward's children by 
his marriage were Dr. Henry V. Dunston, of Windsor, N. C ; 
Josephine J. Dunston, Qussie, 
and William E. Dunston, now 
of Elizabeth City, Gussie has 
never married. Josephine, al- 
ter the late Civil War, married 
Capt, John J. Dyer, a brave, 
daring and handsome Confed- 
erate soldier. He was from a 
long line of a soldiery ances- 
try. His splendid military 
bearing was convincing proof 
of his noble ancestry. They 
reared a daughter and a son. The daughter was a handsome 
and stylish woman, but lived but a few montiis after marry- 
ing. Their son, K. O. Dyer, of Richmond, Va., has mudh of 
the military bearing of his father and of the intellectuality 
of his mother. All of the Dunston childrem were highly in- 
tellectual, Mr. Dyer after his marriage bought the large and 
valuable Henry Jenkins plantation at Joynersville, in South- 
ampton County, where he resided until his death a few years 
ago, and which is now the home of his widow. Dr. Dunston 
is Bertie's leading physician, and one of her most intellectual 
citizens. 




Decade X.— 1850-1860. 189 

Nearly all of Mrs. Dunston's family were kiBed in the 
Nat Turner insurrection in 1831. Her aister was also killed. 
Her brother of 19 was peirmitted to faatem. the rope around 
Nat Turner's neck that swung him into eternity. Mr. Dnn- 
ston died before the conflict of 1861, but his widow was 
patriotic to the core. She made and- unfurled the first Con- 
federate ilag in Hertford County and furnished one gallant 
son to the cause, he being the only one old enough to enlist. 
Daniel Van Pelt Sessoms, of Pitch Landing, was sent in 
1850 by the county to the Senate, as successor to W. N. H. 
Smith, who declined a re-election. Mr. Sessoms was an 
uncompromising Whig in politics, but an amiable and popu- 
lar gentleman. Although his occupation was that of a planter, 
yet he found time to read and keep well posted in the current 
literature of his day, and was familiar with the political ^ 
issues of the time. He had a 
strong and vigorous mind, 
and was a most entertaining 
conversationalist. Notwith- 
standing the Democrats were 
in the majority in both branch- 
es of the Legislature, he re- 
ceived good consideration as a 
member of the minority. He 
served on some of the most im- 
portant committees. He served 
his people as a justice of the 
peace for many years before and after the Civil War. Mr. 
Sessoms was bom May 9, 1809, and died October i, 1888. 
He was the son of William Sessoms, whose will was probated 
in 1844, and Iiis first wife, Elizabeth, was the daughter of 
Daniel Van Peltj of this county, and sister of Henry B. Van 
Pelt, who was Public Register of the county in 1846 and 
1846. Mr. Sessoms was married twice. His second wife 
was Eliza Freeman, who was a great help to hiia in the accu- 
mulation of his estate. He left children bv both of his wives. 




190 HisTOBY OF Hebtfokd Oottkty, N. C. 

He has a son now living in the county bearing his name. 
Charles C. Sessoms is a child by his second marriage. He 
had two brothers, W. W. Sessoms and H. B. Seseoms, the 
latter being the father of Dr. Jos. W. Sessoms, of Bertie, and 
of Mrs. J. J. Perry, the mother of J. W. Perry, of Nor- 
folk, Va. 

Hon. Kenneth Rayner was in the House during the ues- 
sion of 1850, and by his eloquence and public zeal he con- 
tinued to reflect great honor on the Hertford people, by whom 
he was greatly admired. 

Albert Moore, a Whig, was defeated for the ofSlce of Sher- 
iff by John P. Bridger. Mr. Moore lived in Maney^s Neck, 
and was brother to Oapt. Samuel Moore, of Buckhom, Alfred 
Moore and Henry Moore, the prince of merchants in the 
^ Borough. Their father was Allen Moore, the brother of John 
Moore, who was the father of Mrs. A. W. Darden. The 
Moores were leading citizens in their day. 

Dr. Edw. S. Neal, who resided in town, where E. 0. Wor- 
rell now resides, passes away with the end of this decade. 
He miarried Annie Baker, granddaughter of Gen. Lawrenee 
Baker, who is now living in her ninetieth year in Washing- 
ton, N. 0. The late Thomas N. Neal of the county was his 
brother, and Maj. John B. Neal, of Scotland Neck, N. C, 
is his son. 

Major Neal is still a gallant and chivalrous son of Hali- 
fax County. He entered the Confederate Army April 14, 
1861, as a private in Dreux's Battalion of Infantry, in 
Louisiana, as from Hertford County, N. C. Later, in 1861, 
he was transferred to Company I, 1st N. C. Cavalry, and 
elected 2d lieutenant; later made captain of the company, 
and in August 1, 1863, was promoted to the rank of major, 
and still later appointed lieutenant-colonel, but the war was 
ended before he received his commission. He was bom Feb- 
ruary 4, 1839, and after reacfhing manhood and completing 
his education married Annie E., daughter of Richard H. 
Smith and wife, Sallie Hall, the daughter of former Judge 



Decade X.— 1850-1860. 191 

Hall of our Supreme Court After her death he married, 
February 22, 1883, Sallie, the oldest daughter of Dr. Archi- 
bald McDowell, of Murfreesboro. Major NeaFs paternal 
grandfather was Thomas Neal and his paternal great-grand- 
father was Francis Neal. His father came to Murfreesboro 
from Mecklenburg County, Va. His sister, Mary S. Neal, 
married in 1857, Eobert Perkins, of Burke County, N. 0. 
His other sisters, Annie E. and Sarah T. Neal, married, we 
think, a gentleman living in Pitt County. 

Prof. Geo. W. Neal, the old school-teacher, married Fan- 
nie, the daughter of John Hart and wife Bettie Hart, nee 
Dillard, of Murfreesboro. Professor Neal's family came 
from Southampton County, Va. Professor Neal and wife 
are the parents of our Judge Walter H. Neal. 

A FAMOUS LAWSUIT. 

In 1854 the Murfreesboro Gazette, edited and published 
by John B. Drinkard and Canozio Fraetor, in the town of 
Murfreeeboro, was the county newspaper, which often in- 
volved in trouble those fond of getting their criticisms 
in print. The "Kiiow-Nothing,'' a secret political party, 
whose motto was "America for Americans," and their 
pass-word was "Sam," was flourishing about this time. 
It was oompoeed largely of Whigs, but a few Democrats were 
allowed to join the Winton Lodge. Alfred W. Darden, a 
Democrat, joined, but withdrew and published in the Gazette 
a very denunciatory article, in which he criticised the order 
and its members and exposed many of its secrets. A com- 
mittee, consisting of John A. Anderson, R. G. Oowper and 
others, acting on behalf of the "Ejiow-Nothing" Lodge at 
Winton, published in the Gazette some resolutions of that 
body, touching on the conduct of Darden. The latter deem- 
ing the resolutions libelouB, sued the committee in Hertford 
County for $10,000 damages, but afterwards he secured the 
removal of the suit for trial to Washington County, on ac- 
count of the great popularity and influence of the defendants. 



192 History of Hertford County, N, C. 

Judge Heath, P. H. Winston, Col. David Outlaw and John 
P. Jordan appeared for the plaintiff, and W. N. H. Smith, 
D. A. Barnes, H. A. Gilliam and Thos. M. Garrett repre- 
.sented the defendants. 

The case was tried before Judge Caldwell. The very 
nature of the suit necessarily caused great excitement, inter- 
est and feeling in tihe county. The "Know-Nothing" party 
existed in several of the States. Many people from this 
county attended the trial. The speeches of the attorneys 
were sharp, spicy and able. The jury gave the plaintiff a 
few dollars damages and that was the end of the great 
"Know-Nothing Suit" 

Mr. Garrett, one of the attorneys, was reared near Cole- 
raine, in Bertie County, and was prepared for college by 
Prof. John Kimberly at Buckhom Academy, in Hertford 
County. He graduated at Chapel Hill in 1851 and was a 
brilliant lawyer; was colonel in the war of 1861-'65, and one 
of the bravest of the brave. He was killed in the battle of 
the Wilderness. 

'^'^southern star.^' 

Maj. J. W. Moore has furnished us with some information 
showing the great energy and enterprise of some of Murf rees- 
boro's men. In 1856 there seemed to reappear the revival 
of the ancient commercial spirit once so noticeable among the 
sons of Hertford. Jesse A. Jackson, who had settled in the 
town several years prior, was from New Jersey, and was a 
man of great energy and ingenuity. He is now well remem- 
bered by some of our citizens. He for years operated a saw- 
mill across the river, where the saw-mill of E. 0. Worrell 
is now located, and also made the bricks for the two female 
colleges in the town, from which he realized a fair profit. 
He conceived the idea in 1856 of building a large steamship 
to make regular trips from Murfreesboro to New York, 
carrying both freight and passengers. He secured financial 
aid from Glines & Graham, a New York commission firm, 



Decade X.— 1850-1860. 193 

and several of the wealthy citizens of Murf reesboro. Thirty 
thousand dollars were consumed in building the steamer in 
Murf reesboro. Her engines were built at Wilmington, Dela- 
ware. Its model was beautiful and a thing of beauty, and 
Jackson's ship was destined to become famous. The New 
York firm failed and his home friends became uneasy about 
their investment and declined to invest any more money in 
the visionary project of Jackson. This greatly embarrassed 
poor Jackson and brought about his insolvency. The writer 
now has some of his unpaid obligations. The great floating 
palace was soon sold, and John W. Southall and Capt. Thomas 
Badger became the purchasers. She was christened the 
"Southern Star." Southall and Badger sold her to the TJ. S. 
government The government had her rechristened "Cru- 
sader,'' and she became famous as one of the swiftest keels in 
the water and won renown in chiasing steamers engaged in the 
unlawful business, just before the Civil War, of importing 
wretched Africans into our Gulf States by the enemies of 
the South, in their efforts to make slavery as odious as 
possible. 

In 1852 K. G. Cowper defeated W. W. Mitchell for the 
Senate. 

Watson L. Daniel represented the county in the House in 
1852 and 1854 as a Whig in politics. Captain Perry was 
his opponent in 1852. In 1852 he voted for Matthew W. 
Eansom, a Democrat, for Attorney-General of the State, who 
was then a brilliant young lawyer in Warren County. This 
vote soon ended Mr. DaniePs career as a legislator, and young 
attorney Joseph Blount Slaughter defeated him in 1856 for 
the Whig nomination and was elected. While it defeated 
Daniel, it made General Eansom his life-long friend. Attor- 
ney-General Kanaom afterwards became a distinguished gen- 
eral in the Civil War and a United States Senator of national 
fame. Major Daniel later served his county as major in the 
militia, justice of the peace, chairman of the Couxity Court 
and Register of Deeds. He was the son of Capt. Belcher 
Daniel and his wife, Julia Flower. 

18 



194 History of Hebtfoed County, N. C. 

Captain Daniel was the son of a sea captain who came 
from Ireland about 1760 and settled on Boanoke Island. 
Capt. Belcher Daniel was bom in 1776 and moved to Hert- 
ford County and settled at Pitch Landing in 1820 and died 
in 1831. His wife belonged to the same Flower family from 
which the late Governor Flower of New York descended. 
They left three children, all of whom were bom on Koanoke 
Island — ^Watson L., Nancy, and Spencer. The latter became 
a celebrated physician and died in 1858. Nancy married 
Samuel M. Aumack, Sr. Major Daniel died in December, 
1889, or January, 1890, while holding the oflSce of Register 
of Deeds in the county. For a long while he and Daniel 
Yalentine were engaged as partners in the mercantile busi- 
ness at Oak Villa, the old home of Col. Matthias Brickie, 
near Winton. Daniel Valentine married Miss Duer, and 
they were the parents of the wife of John O, Askew, Jr. 
Mr. Valentine was the brother of the old Clerk of the Supe- 
rior Court, the bachelor lawyer, and County Attorney, W. D. 
Valentine. 

John Blount Slaughter, the member of the House in 1856, 
was the son of Wm. Slaughter, who married a Miss Blount 
and died in 1844. Young Slaughter read law under W. N. 
H. Smith. He was not a man of much mental calibre and 
force, but he secured the confidence of the people and re- 
tained it throughout life, as will be seen from the record of 
the county affairs. He lived to a ripe old age and married 
shortly before his death, for the first time. 

Watson Lewis, Sr., was for a number of years a leading 
magistrate and a prominent citizen in the Harrellsville sec- 
tion of the county, and his descendants are numerous and are 
well scattered. He came to the county during the first quar- 
ter of the nineteenth century from Baltimore, Maryland, and 
settled in the section above stated. He was thrice married. 
His first wife was the sister of John Winborne, who married 
Nancy Simons, of the east end of the county, and son 



Decade X.— 1850-1860. 195 

of William Winborne and grandson of Henry Win- 
bome. By this marriage he had two children — ^Edwai'd D., 
and Sallie Lewis. Edward married Levinia Askew, daugh- 
ter of David Askew, and niece of Dr. A. J. Askew. They 
had two children — Sallie D. Lewis, who became the wife of 
John H. Jemigan, son of L. R. Jemigan, and Emma Lewis, 
who was the second wife of Joseph J. Perry. 

Watson Lewis' daughter Sallie married John Simons. He 
lived but a short time, and later she married OoL Starkey 
Sharp and they reared one child, Nannie, who first married 
James Walton and reared two daughters, one of whom mar- 
ried John Nichols, of Bertie, and thle other Walton daughter 
married J. H. Flythe, of Northampton County, but now of 
Augusta, G-a. After the death of Walton his widow married 
E. D. Scull, of Harrellaville, and they reared several boys. 

The second wife of Watson Lewis was Fannie, the daughter 
of Capt Belcher Daniel, and by his marriage he had seven 
children — ^Nannie, who became the wife of James B. Oh:am- 
blee; Watson Lewis, Jr., who married Anna Crutchelow, of 
Martin County; Eannie Lewis, who married Thomas Rid- 
dick, of G-ates County, and Dr. John Lewis, who married 
Mary Sparrow, of Norfolk, Va. His daughter Jane was the 
third wife of Col. Starkey Sharp. Caroline married Hiram 
Harrell, of Bertie County, and his youngest son. Dr. Daniel 
W. Lewis, married Annie Williams, of Martin County, where 
they now live. 

Watson Lewis' third wife was Sarah Saunders, of Gates- 
ville. They left no issue. 

Watson Lewis, Jr., died in the 13th decade, leaving his 
widow and several children surviving him. 

Thomas Riddick and wife Fannie are the parents of Sarah 
Riddick, who was a most accomplished and cultured lady. 
She married a Mr. White, of New York City; and of Cora 
Riddidc, who was a very attractive young lady when the wri- 
ter began the practice of his profession. She married W. D. 
McAnges, of Suffolk, Va., where they now live. 



196 



History of Hektfoed Cousty, N. C. 



Dr. John. Lewis, who lived near N^orfolk, left several 
daughters, one of whom the author haa aeen. She was lai^ 
and tall and a handsome and splendid looking woman, with 
a bright and cheerful dispoaition. She nmrried Col. Alex- 
ander Savage, of Norfolk, Va. Mrs. Chamblee left on© 
daughter, who married William D. Adkins. 

Mrs. Hiram P. Harrell died several years ago, leaving sev- 
eral children and her husband surviving her. 

Col. Starkey Sharp and his wife Jane are the parents of 
Mrs. John T. Shubrick, of Eocky Momit, N. C; of Mrs. 
Thos. R. Jemigan, and Hunter Sharp and Starkey Sharp IV. 
Dr. Daniel W. Lewis was an officer in the Confederate 
Army. He is still a leading physician in Martin County. 
He has no issue. 

Abnor Harrell, late of Har- 
reUsville, and for whom the 
place was named, was a most 
worthy man and a man of a 
I large estate. He descended 
from one of the oldest fami- 
1 lies in the comity. He was the 
son of Maj. Samuel Harrell, 
who resigned his military office 
in 1783. Samuel Harrell was 
a soldier in llie War of 1776- 
1782, a member of the State 
Convention of 1788, and a son of Abner Harrell, a free- 
holder in Bertie County in 1740, as appears from the jury 
list of that county. Major Harrell left the following chil- 
dren : Noah, James, William B., Willis, Isaac, Andrew, and 
Abner, Mary and Nancy. Geoige T. Harrell, of Gates 
County, is a grandson of Major Harrell, and the mother of 
the late Eon, Jeeae J. Yeates was the granddaughter of Major 
Harrell. Abner Harrell, the subject of this sketch, was for 
a long while a justice of tJie peace in this «>unty. He was 
married four times. His first wife was Jennie Yeates, an 




Dboabb X.— 1850-1860. 197 

axint of Hon. Jesse J. Yeatee. T!hey were the pareats of 
the wife of John O. Askew, Sr. His second wife was Miss 
Norfleet, his third was Miss Nancy Jones, and his fourth was 
Miss Majy Womble. He died May 10, 1864, leaving sur- 
viving him the following children: Mary, who married the 
late Rev. Joshua Garrett, a distinguished divine of the Vir- 
ginia Conference of the M. E. Church, South (Rev. Garrett 
left one daughter, who married Benj. Thach, of Perquimans 
County), Mrs. John O. As-kew, Sr., Mrs. Benj. F. Beverly 
of Union, Mrs. D. W. Reed, Wm. J. Harrell, and A. B. 
Harrell. 

Abner Harrell's son, A. B. Harrell, married Anna Man- 
sard, a lady of large intellectual endowmenits and strong char- 
acter. They were the parents of the late John Abner Har- 
rell ; Herbert B. Harrell, the owner of the Harrell's Printing 
House at Weldon; L. R. Harrell, a planter in Louisiana; 
Artemus Harrell, a business man in Pittsburg, Penn. Their 
daughter, Melissa Harrell, married Henry Hughes, of Vir- 
ginia, and later of Lexington, Ky. She died leaving a large 
family of children, who are scattered in the States. 

In 1853 the Whigs renominated and elected Col. David 
Outlaw, of Bertie, to Congress. Colonel Outlaw was a law^^er 
of consummate ability and a regular attendant upon the 
courts of Hertford, where he had many kin And a large cli- 
entage. 

Thomas Bragg, of Northampton, another compeer with 
Outlaw and Smith at the Hertford bar, and a favorite of the 
people of the patriotic county of Hertford, was elected Gov- 
ernor of the State in 1854 and made Hertford's son, Pulaski 
Oowper, his private secretary. In 1859 Governor Bragg was 
elected TJ. S. Senator to succeed David S. Reid. IT. S. 
Senator Asa Biggs was appointed U. S. Judge for North 
Carolina, as successor of Judge Henry Potter, who had re- 
cently died in the ninety-sixth year of his age. Potter was 
appointed judge in 1801 to succeed U. S. Judge Sitzgraves. 
Thomas L. Clingman succeeded Biggs in the Senate. W. "N. 



198 History of Hektfoed County, N. 0. 

H. Smith was elected to Congress over Henry M. Shaw by a 
majority of 514 votes, and the immortal Zebulon Baird Vance 
was first elected to Congress in 1859 from the mountain dis- 
trict. 

THE KOBEBTS FAMILY. 

The wife of the late Matthew Whitaker Eansom, a general 
in the war of 1861-'65 and a United States Senator from 
North CaroUnia from January, 1872, to March 3, 1895, was 
from one of Hertford County's old families. She was Miss 
Pattie A. Exum, of Northiampton County, N. C. Attorney- 
General Kansom and Miss Exum were m'airried in Petersburg, 
Va., January 19, 1853. 

About the mi'ddle of the eighteenth century, Jonathan Rob- 
erts moved to and settled in the territory now embraced in 
the boundaries of Hertford County. On July 8, 1766, Wil- 
liam Griffith, the then owner of the tract of land near the 
present town of Murfreesboro and known as the ^^Meredith 
Pield,'' and on which he resided, sold and conveyed the same 
to Jonathan Roberts. Griffith built the first grist mill on 
Ganey's Creek Where the E. C. Worrell Mill is now located. 
Roberts and his wife, Elizabeth, had several children. Their 
son Jonathan Roberts, Jr., married Etether Wilkinson, of 
Norfolk, Via.,- and they left several children — ^Benjamin, 
Mary, and others. After the death of Jonathan Roberts, Sr., 
his widow married Capt. Lewis Meredith, by whom she reared 
quite a family of children. Mary Roberts married James 
Maney. .Benjamin Roberts married Martha Vaugh'an, of 
Murfreesboro, and lived in Murfreesboro at the residence of 
the late Col. Uriah Vaughan. Mr. Roberts died young, 
lea^ving his widow and several children surviving. Dr. Thos. 
O'Dwyer, in his diary of 1824, speaks of visiting the widow 
Roberts and her maiden sister, Miss Sallie Vaughan, and the 
Roberts children. Benj. Robeirts^ children were Mary, La- 
vinia, Esther Wilkinson, Dr. Thomas Vaughan, and Benja- 
min, Jr. The latter died while young. Dr. Thomas V. 
Roberts never married. We have before spoken of him. 



Decade X— 1850-1860. 199 

Mary disappointed Gredi. Boon Feltaa and married Matthias 
Brickie Murf ree, a soai of Col. Hardy Murf ree, of Murf rees- 
boro, and they eonigrated to Tennessee. Hardy Murfree, 
who graduated at Chapel Hill in 1848, was their son. La- 
vinia Esther Wilkinson Roberts married Joseph J. Exum, 
of Northampton County in 1829. Their daughter, Mary 
Thomas Exum, married Dr. W. B. Meares, of Wilmington, 
N. C, and died in 1881. Tbeir daughter Martha A. (Pat- 
tie) Exum married Matt. W. Ransom. Mrs. Ransom is still 
living. 

Joseph J. Exum was the son of Capt. James Thomas 
Exum, whose mother was a Miss Thomas, the aunt of Gen. 
Greo. H. Thomas, of military fame in the war of 1861-'6. 
His father was from Sussex County, Va. 

Matt. W. Ransom was a descendant of James Ransom, 
whose will was probated in Surry County, Va., in October, 
1740. James Ransom, the second, married Amy Davis, of 
Virginia. The third James Ransom of Surry County, and 
the grandfather of Matt. W. Ransom, moved to Warren 
County, N. C, in 1763, and married Priscilla Jones in 
Greenville County, Va., daughter of Edward Jones, of War- 
ren County, and widow of Gideon M'acon, the father of 
Nathaniel Maoon, of North Carolina. 

John Waddill, of Maney's Neck, was one of the county's 
foremost citizens for many years prior to the Civil War. 
He came to the county from Virginia during the first quarter 
of the nineteenth century. He married the daughter of Sol- 
omon Shepherd, of Maney's Neck, and built the house where 
our Josepih G. Majette, chairman of the County Board of 
Commissioners, now resides, and lived there. 

Mr. Waddill was a man of great wealth and culture, and 
while he was aristocratic in his bearings, he was a warm 
friend of worthy young men and often showed his apprecia- 
tion in various ways. His two daughters, Margaret and 
Annie, were great belles, and many a poor fellow was made 
sad by the laconic answer, "No." They were noble women. 



200 History of Hertfoed County, W. C 

Finally they married. Margaret became the wife of Edward 
Chambers, of Boydton, Va,, and Amiie became the bride of 
the celebrated Dr. William Howard, of Baltimore. His son, 
Joihn Waddill, Jr., entered the Confederate Army as lieu- 
tenant in Company F, 31st Eegiment "N. C. State Troops, 
but was taken ill and died before entering active service. 
John Waddill, like many of our wealthy people, became in 
the forties the owner of valuable cotton plantations in Flor- 
ida, where he spent much of his time, and where he died 
in 1854. 

The decision of the TJ. S. Supreme Court in the ever 
famous Dred Soott case in 1858 greatly angered the Eepubli- 
oan party. The Democratic party wtas still boastful in the 
United States. The other parties were in a chaotic condition, 
and the followers of the tottering political organizations 
united and fought under name of Opposition. R. G. Cowper 
for the Senate and W. I^. H. Smith for the House were the 
nominees of the Opposition. The Democrats nominated John 
W. Moore for the Senate against Cowper. The latter was 
elected by 17 majority. Dr. R. H. Worthington, who was 
defeated for the House before as the Democratic noiminee, 
declined to again become a candidate and Smith was elected. 
The Whigs and the Americans or Know-lSTothings were be- 
coming disheartened. The Democrats were boastful, warlike 
and defiant. On July 14, 1858, was issued the first issue of 
the new Murfreeeboro paper, "The Citizen," owned and edi- 
ted by Dr. Samuel J. Wheeler, a Democrat, and a strong 
and spicy Democratic organ. In 1859 Wheeler sold "The 
Citizen" to Charles H. Foster, late of Norfolk, Va., but a 
native of Maine, and C. C. ISTicholson. Mr. Foster became 
a citizen of the town and soon m'arried the gentle Suaan E. 
Carter, daughter of Perry Carter, of Murf reesboro, a woman 
of great musical gifts and sunny disposition. Mr. Foster 
was educated at Bowdoin College and was noted for his schol- 
arship, and grace as a writer. When the struggle came in 
1861, on account of his offensive political views, he found it 



Decade X.— 1850-1860. 201 

wise to make his escape between the suns and seek shelter in 
a more congenial clime in the !ITorth. Before leaving he sold 
^^The Citizen" to S. R. Olmsted. He returned to the county 
after the cessation of hostilities and joined the "OarpetrBag- 
gers" in their nefarious work against the Southern whites. 

At the next election R. G. Cowper and Kenneth Rayner 
hecame so displeased with the platform of their dying party 
that they sulked. Cowper refused to again run for the Sen- 
ate, and Slaughter was elected, and Yeates elected to the 
House. The Whigs, although their flag did not float as tri- 
umpihaiitly as in former days, the brave adherents in Hert- 
ford were determined to die in a fearless charge. So to off- 
set "The Citizen,'' they secured the brave and brilliant Thos. 
J. Gamer, of If orthampfcon County, to come to Murfreesboro 
and edit the new Whig paper, "The Southron,'* whidi with 
vehemence shelled the camp of the fire-eaters and warlike 
Democrats. The war destroyed all of the old political parties 
in the South. New parties were formed after reconstruction 
in the next Decade. 

At the commencement of the Chowan Baptist Female In- 
stitute in Murfreesboro, July 1, 1857, the beautiful Susan 
Deanes graduated, and to complete the griandeur of the occa- 
sion, just at the close of the concert, and before the melody of 
the sweet strains of music ceased to please and charm, Rev. 
Reuben Jones, of Virginia, who later became Moderator of 
the Portsmouth Baptist Association, came forward with Miss 
Suiian Deanes and in the midst of her sister graduates were 
united in lie holy estate of matrimony by Dr. Wm. Hooper. 
Their youngest daughter, Jessie, is now the most interesting 
wife of the author's brother, Samuel Pretlow Winbome, who 
reigns at the old Winbome Homestead. 




202 History of Hertford Coustt, N. C. 

Miss Eettie Pretlow, whose 
likeness here appears, is the 
maternal aunt of the author. 
She is the daughter of Joseph 
Pretlow and wife, Mary Pret- 
I low, nee Hare, of Virginia. 
She and her ancestors were 
Quakers. She was thoroughly 
educated in the schools of her 
sect, and was a most gentle, 
refined and acoomplished wo- 
man. She never married, but 
was greatly admired and beloved. She was bom Tebruaiy 
12, 1835, and died July 10, 1863, at the home of Major 
Winbome in Maney's Neck, who married her sister, Mary H. 
Pretlow. This Pretlow family was one of the purest and 
finest families in the old Commonweal fb. "The Winbome 
Family" gives the genealt^ and- history of this Pretlow 
family. The Winbomee are religiously crossed with believ- 
ers of nearly all the Protestant churches. The Winbomes 
have been for ages Baptist. But they did not believe in mar- 
rying in their own church. Henry Winbome, who came to this 
State in 1742, married a Quaker lady ; his son, Thomas, mar- 
ried a Quakeress; his grandson, Elisha, married a Baptist; 
bis great-grandson, Samuel D. Winbome, married a Quaker- 
ess, and the younger ones have married Episcopalians, Meth- 
odists, Presibyterians, Christians, and S. P. Winbome, alone, 
married a Baptist. Is there anything more sublime and at- 
tractive than the modest and pure-looking Quaker girl ? 



This institution was as old as the country. The first 
slaves imported to the Colonies was as early as 1619, if not 
earlier. A company was incorporated in England, known 
as the Royal African Company, to carry on the business of 
importing savage negroes to England and its possessions for 
sale as slaves. Queen Anne of England held a large block 



Decadb X— 1850-1860. 203 

of the stock in this company. At the beginning of the Bevo- 
lution of 1776 slavery existed in all the Colonies. But in 
the !N^orth it was not as profitable as in the South, and after 
the Bevolution those States began to import their slaves to 
the South for sale. After disposing of their slave property 
to the Southern States they became active in their opposi- 
tion to the institution of slavery. Such a change of front 
necessarily engendered resentment. Thus b^an the strife 
which ended in bloodshed between the two sections of our 
common country. 

** Let fate do her worst; there are relics of joy, 
Bright dreams of the past, which she cannot destroy/' 

THE OIJ> SLAVE "mAMMY.'' 

This sublime old character in the Southern home is 
a relic of the past Hardly any refined Southern home, 
blessed with children, was without her. She was a well- 
trained nurse; she was polite, respectful, gentle, and 
loving in her nature. She was the devoted maid of 
Mistress and Old Mistress, and generally the "wet nurse'' 
of the young child of Mistress and the true and de- 
voted friend of the family. Their separation always brought 
tears on the cheeks of ^^ammy" and the children. She was 
never neglected by Master and Mistress, and frequently the 
recipient of bounties from ^little Mistress and young Mas- 
ter." Nothing but kindness was her share in life. They are 
a noble part of the history of the Old South. 

This brings us up to the stormy days just preceding the 
volcanic days of the next decade. 

JOHX BEOvry's baid. 

The occasional outbreaks of the Southern 3laves were 
greatly due 'to Northern fanatics and their teachings. In 
1859 John Brown, a white man of Connecticut, formed a 
diabolical plot to bring about the emancipation of slavery in 
the Southern States by inciting the felavf:^ to rise in insur- 
rection and kill out the whitr^s. Brown was bom May 9, 



204 History of Heetfobp County, I^. C. 

1800, and grew up to be a sore-eyed fanatic. He engaged 
in many enterprises in various parts of the country, but 
failed in all. He then conceived his fanatical plan for eman- 
cipating the slaves, so he got him up a company of twenty 
armed men, and on the night of October 16, 1859, seized 
the U. 8. Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Va., to secure arms and 
ammunition with which to arm the negroes, whom he ex- 
pected to join him. The n^roes failed, howevei*, to meet 
him. He was captured October 17, 1859, by Col. Robert E. 
Lee with a few U. S. troops, tried for treason October 27, 
1859, at Charlestown, Va., and hanged December 2, 1859, 
"to a sour apple tree." This raid of Brown, while it was 
insignificant in itself, he had just made himself odious 
to the South by his fanatical partisan teachings in the admis- 
sion of Kansas into the Union as a State, and his acts were 
taken by the Southern people to be the result of the Northern 
literature on slavery and the speeches of the abolitionists in 
Congress. The whole Southern country became aroused, in- 
dignant, and excited. 'No doubt but such acta and teachings 
on the part of these half-crazed fanatics hastened the war and 
prevented the settlement of the troublesome questions be- 
tween the two sections of our country. 

About this same time an insurrection was threatened in the 
neighborhood of Murfreesboro, in Hertford County, and the 
men were armed and placed on guard to protect the town and 
the homes. The "Norfolk Blues" were dispatched for, and 
upon their arrival things quieted down. The "Blues" re- 
mained in Murfreesboro until things became quieted and the 
fears of the people were dispelled. The late Gen. Lawrence 
D. Groner, of Norfolk, Va., was one of the officers in com- 
mand of the Norfolk company. Such things were con- 
stantly happening throughout the slave-holding States. Sev- 
eral of our citizens remember distinctly this exciting occur- 
rence. With such re-occurring events resulting in the South 
from Northern teaching, war was inevitable. Conservatisui 
and pleas for peace found no place in the minds of men. 



Decade X.— 1850-1860. 205 

Such acts and the fanatical teachings of the abolitionists 
checked the growth of the sentiment in the South to gradually 
abandon slavery. 

Now as we look back in the kaleidoscope of the past one 
hundred years, and take a view of the struggles and victories 
of the American people and watch the rise and progress of its 
magnificent civilization and growth in the arts and sciences 
and in Chrstianity, and see the noble part the sons and 
daughters of Hertford County have taken in this mighty 
drama, and the splendid citizenship she has exhibited to the 
world, it makes us feel proud that we have lived, and that 
our noble ancestors were among its heroic dead and figured in 
making a glorious history for a Christian and liberty-loving 
people. The war with Mexico had settled the troubles be- 
tween that country and our country, and peace reigned. 

The older Wynnses, Brickies, Joneses, Sumners, Hares, 
Maneys, Murfrees, Winbomes, Eidleys, Bakers, Hills, 
Sharps, Cottons, Harrells, Moores, Dickinsons, Jeggitts, 
Montgomerys, Littles, Perrys, Walkers, Colemans, Dardens, 
Feltons, Carters, Vanns, Askews, Wheelers, Borlands, South- 
alls, and many others of the old worthies have long since 
crossed the river of life and are sleeping in the valley of 
death. But as we look around and about us at this, the 
closing decade of the first century of the county's existence, 
we find still living within her confines splendid representa- 
tive sons and daughters of h^r wealthy, proud and influential 
old families — ^Wynns, Jones, Baker, Ridley, Hill, Sharpe, 
Cotton, Moore, Harrell, Winbome, Montgomery, Darden, 
Jemigan, Vann, Capehart, Lewis, Askew, Wheeler, South- 
all, Smith, Rayner, Yeates, Slaughter, Cowper, Riddick, 
Spiers, Myrick, Barnes, Waddill, Brett, Perry, Rea, Hutch- 
ings, Lawrence, Vaughan, Sessoms, Pruden and Beverly — 
and many others ready and capable to maintain the old stan- 
dard and continue the proud record of the fathers and to add 
nefw and additional laurels to the crown of the county they so 
much loved. Yonder in its beautiful campus, shaded by 



206 History of Hertford County, N". 0. 

lovely sbade-trees of almoet every variety, stood, on the 
southern border of the Borough town, the grand and magnifi- 
cent building of the Chowan Baptist Female Institute; and 
just a little north of that stood in the same town the classic 
and beautiful building of the Wesleyan Fomale College, 
erected for the higher and nobler education of the noble 
daughters of North Carolina, Virginia and other States, pre- 
sided over by faculties composed of the best and most efficient 
educ&toiB; But this magnificent civilization, and this happy, 
chivalric, lofty and Christian people, were unconsciously 
standing over the foaming billows of an angry revolution 
which was soon to follow and did follow in the next decade. 
Hertford County was simply a representative county in 
its civilization and people in the Southland, which country 
was the wonder and admiration of the civilized and intel- 
lectual world. The history of the Southern States and of 
the Southern people will always be read with pride by all 
true lovers of lofty and chivalric manhood and of noble and 
beautiful woananhood. 




DECADE XL 

1860—1870. 

The black and angry clouds of war are again casting their 
gloomy shadows over our fair lantd. Around every fireside 
our troubles are discussed ; in the Houses of Congress stormy 
debates are heard; crimination and recrimination are echoed 
throughout the land; patriotism seemed mad, reason de- 
throned. Newspapers are filled with exciting appeals, sup- 
plications for peace are unheeded, and the American people 
stand trembling on the brink of a gigantic war between the 
two powerful sections of our common country, which means 
a mighty revolution. The Constitution is bleeding and the 
Union weeping. Our calm, placid and peace-loving Smith 
is in Congress pleading for the Union. Slaughter in the 
State Senate and Yeates in the House of Commons, trying 
to calm the waters of discord, but of no avail. Some of the 
States secede, and North Carolina is asked to follow. The 
question of holding a convention to consider what action to 
take was submitted to the people and at the same time to vote 
for delegates. John H. Jemigan, a brilliant yoimg lawyer 
in the county, who had graduated with high honors at the 
University of Virginia in 1859, and who was orator at the 
annual celebration of the Columbian Club of that University 
on April 12, 1859, was nominated by the people of Hertford 
as a delegate to the convention. The election took place Feb- 
ruary 7, 1861, and the convention was to meet eleven days 
thereafter, if a majority of the voters in the State were in 
favor of it. Jemigan was elected, but the call for the con- 
vention received but a few votes in Hertford and was de- 
feated in the State, showing that the "secessionists" were 
in the minority in the Stata Hertford's organ, The Citizen^ 
edited by S. E. Olmstead, and published in Murfreesboro, 
then eloquently pleaded for the Union. We clip from the issue 
of January 17, 1861, of TTie Citizen, a short poem written 



208 History of Hektfobd County, N. C. 

by one of our fair Hertford ladies, showing the true feeling 
of our people. She had just returned from church on the 
solemn day set apart by our Chief Magistrate of the State as 
a day for humiliation and prayer, that our Great Father 
might subdue the rebellious spirit of man, restore order and 
peace again to our country aad save our beloved Union from 
dissolution : 

^'XOKD^ TEACH US HOW TO PBAY/' 

By Annie. 

" Within this earthly court to-day, 
Dear Lord we meet to fast and pray 
That all discord and strife should cease, 
That thou might grant our Nation peace. 

We know no other power can bless, 
No other hand can give us rest. 
And now we come, Dear Lord, to thee. 
Bowed down in deep humility. 

OA thee alone for help we call ; 
Thy word can make us stand or fall. 
And now with humble hearts we plead 
That our loved country may be freed. 

Oh! drive away the gloomy cloud, 
That hangs around us like a shroud. 
With strife and discords on its folds. 
Sending dismay to human souls. 

Now stay the mighty torrent. Lord ! 
If 'tis consistent with thy word. 
And change the hearts of sinful men, 
And bid them live in peace again. 

Lord, save our dear loved Union, save ! 
Let it not sink beneath the wave ! 
Let not the din of battle's roar 
Be heard upon our country's shore. 

Lord, teach thy children how to pray I 
And let them pray from day to day, 
Till North and South together meet, 
And sisterly — each other greet. 



Decade XI.— 1860-1870. 209 

But oh 1 my Ix)rd, if war must come, 
Help us say, "Thy will be done!" 
On Thee, alone, our hopes are staid ; 
To Thee, alone, we look for aid. 

To Thee, dear Lord, to Thee we cling ; 
Order out of confusion J^ring ! 
Control man's vile, rebellious mind 
And peace around our Union bind." 

"Elm Cottage, January 4, 1861." 

Such were our dear women. Such was our patriotism and 
love of the Union. Such was the sublimity, beauty and love- 
liness of the fair womeai of the. South. Where else in the 
wide world, could such sweet and noble women be found ? 

It was about this titee the author's first distinct recollec- 
tion of his father begins. Around the fireside at night, after 
returning to the bosom of his family from the busy walks of 
life, wo nestled around his lap in the presence of mother and 
grandmother, and listened to his description of the horrors of 
war, and his love for the Union, 

The chivalrous Southern soldiers are willing to fight for 
"Dixie Land," the home of heroic and lovely women of the 
South. 

THE WAR OF 1861-'65. 

North Carolina was slow to withdraw from the Union. 
She wanted union and peace. She was slow to enter the 
Union, being next to the last of the original thirteen States 
to enter, which was November 21, 1789. And she did not 
withdraw until she was forced to decide either with the North 
or the Siouth. But when this important hour came she did 
not hesitate longer. She, in the Spring of 1861, called her 
convention to meet in May, 1861, in Raleigh, and on the 
20th day of that month her delegates passed the resolution 
of secession and joined the Confederate States. On June 
18, 1861, the convention elected Hons. W. W. Avery and 
Greorge Davis as Senators to the Confederate Congress, and 
W. N. H. Smith, of Hertford County; Thomas Rufiui, T. 
14 



210 History of Heetfokd County, "N. 0. 

D. McDowell, A. W. Venable, J. M. Morehead, E. 0. Pur- 
year, Burton Craig, and A. F. Davidson, as Representatives 
in the House. Hertford County was represented in this 
Convention by her brilliant son, Hon. Kenneth Rayner. The 
Convention adjourned over, from time to time, until about 
the last of 1862. 

Hon. W. 'N. H. Smith was a member of the U. S. Congress 
when his State withdrew from the Union, and he was re- 
elected as a member of the Confederate Congress, and re- 
mained a member until the government ended. In 1859 
there was a protracted contest over the election of a Speaker 
of the House of Representatives in the U. S. Congress on 
account of the divisions in party lines. Hon. W. N", H. 
Smith was placed in nomination and received a majority of 
the votes, but before the result was announced several North- 
em members, who had voted for him, changed their votes 
and defeated him by one vote on next ballot 

This sanguinary war between a highly-civilized and Chris- 
tianized people seems to have been the inevitable result of 
the puritanic, selfish and money-loving spirit of the North 
on the one side, and the unyielding chivalry and honorable 
spirit of the cavaliers of the South on the other part 
Slavery was at the bottom of this great struggle. For half 
a century this sectional fire had been smouldering and the 
flames were increasing with the years, until the final conflict 
camew 

Slavery first existed in the New England States. On ac- 
count of the coldness of the climate and the nature of the 
negro, who came f r'om the warm climate of Africa, this class 
of labor was found unprofitable in the North. So the slaves of 
the North were brought South and sold to the planters of the 
South, where the climate was better suited to the negro na- 
ture. After disposing of their slaves to Southern citizens, 
the NoAv Englanders at once became fanatically opposed to 
the institution of slavery in any of the United States. Or- 
ganized societies were formed in the North to disseminate 



Decadk XI.— 1860-1870. 211 







Hertford's sons go to war in defence of her noble women, 
and Siintlii.m liomes. 



212 History of Hebtfokd County, N. C. 

poisonous and slanderous literature throughout the Northern 
and Western States against the South, and the institution 
of slavery. This strife continued, and ended in the unhappy 
and bloody war of 1861-'65. The South regarded the elec- 
tion of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States 
as the culmination of a wicked and vicious assault upon its 
constitutional rights and its sacred institutions. The debates 
in Congress for years had been extremely bitter, sectional 
and stormy between the members from the two sections. The 
temper of the two contending sections made it plain that they 
could no longer live together under the Constitution adopted 
in 1787 to 1789 by the States. The country was wild and 
mad with excitement. South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, 
Alabama, Missississippi and Louisiana claimed the sacred 
compact was broken; that the final, clash had come. They 
at once seceded from the Union, withdrew their members 
from the United States Congress, and, by their delegates in 
convention assembled in Montgomery, Alaibama, on February 
4, 1861, declared their independence. On February 8, 1861, 
they formed a union between themselves as the Confederate 
States of America, and adopted a constitution for their 
mutual protection and government, and invited the other 
Southern States to join them. The Constitution adopted 
was fashioned after the United States Constitution. Section 
7 provides that the importation of African negroes from any 
foreign country other than slave-holding States of the United 
States is hereby prohibited. And thlat Congress shall have 
power to prohibit the importation of slaves from any State 
not a member of this Confederacy. 

Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, was chosen President, and 
Alexander H. Stephens Vice-President. On the same day a 
peace conference of delegates from twenty-one States met in 
Washington to try to avert the great pending calamity, but 
the United States Congress turned a deaf ear to all messages 
of peace and compromise. The cry was war and hate. In 
December, 1860, South Carolina passed her resolution of 



Decade XI.— 1860-1870. 213 

secession and withdrew from the Union. In January, 1861, 
President Buchanan ordered a re-enforcement of tlie garri- 
son at Fort Sumter, in South Carolina. Thia State claimed 
to be an independent State, and that no other government had 
the right to invade her domain without her consent And 
when the United States steamer "Star of the West'' was ap- 
proaching the harbor of Ch'arleston on April 13, 1861, with 
provisions and re-enforcements for the port, it was fired on 
and driven back by a Confederate battery. The war was 
now begun. The sad news was flashed over the country, and 
preparations for a great conflict rapidly progressed. Lin- 
coln gets to Washington and takes the reins of government. 
A call is made on the non-seceding States for troops. This 
was the test. What will the other Southern States and the 
Southern soldiers in the United States army do? They 
joined hands with their kith and kin of the South — joined 
the Confederate States of America and took up their cause. 
The bloody struggle continued to April 9, 1865, when Gen. 
Eobert E. Lee, at Appomattox, Va., surrendered to Gen. 
IT. S. Grant the Army of Northern Virginia. 

Never was such bravery, endurance and skill in war ex- 
hibited by any part of the civilized world as was exhibited 
by the Southern army and Southern people in this mighty 
conflict. Success crowned the Confederate army in the early 
battles of the war. The soldiery of the South was superior 
to that of the North, and it was not until the Northern army 
was re-enforced by the multitudes of all Europe, thereby 
placing in the Northern army, on the fields of battle, almost 
ten men to one on the Confederate side, that the North was 
able to drive back its Southern foe. North Carolina fur- 
nished a larger number of soldiers than any Southern 
State, and Hertford County sent her full quota of her fairest 
and bravest sons. A large per cent of them fell at the altar 
of the "Lost Cause," and their bodies were left sleeping in 
distant lands where they surrendered their lives in defence 
of what they believed to be right. We miss them now. 



214 History of Hertfokd Cou^^ty, X. C. 

May the Great God of Nations receive their souls in his 
wonderful love, and bless them throughout eternity. Noble 
heroes were they! 

" Soldier, rest! thy warfare is over, 
Dream of fij^hting fields no more. 

O cruel war, what sorrows and pains it entails ! At the 
close of the conflict the survivors of the "noble boys'' returned ' 
home, with a record thiat excited the admiration of the world, 
to see wife, daughter, sister and other dear ones. Some 
are found. Some are dead and gone. Homes are dilapi- 
dated; need and almost poverty in place of plenty; money 
and property gone ; homes burned ; briars in place of stalks 
of cotton, com and other food plants and money products; 
teams old and poor; farming implements worn and unfit to 
reclaim the fallow lands; the old people at home sad and 
depressed. Mother, wife and sister, who had been accus- 
tomed to ease and comfort, now driven to the cook-room and 
wash-tub ; father and uncle, who had always commanded and 
ordered, now at the plow-handles with their bended shoulders. 

Such was the picture presented to the returning Southern 
soldiers in the Spring of 1865. 

SAD^ YET SUBLIME. 

There was much suffering in the South. The brave moth- 
ers and tender children were forced by the condition of the 
Southland to drink from the cup of sorrow and pain. In 
1863 Confederate money had so depreciated that it could 
hardly be denominated money. It was only worth about five 
cents on the dollar. Provisions were scarce, fathers were on 
the battlefields, and feeble mothers and little babes were not 
able to labor and secure the necessary sustenance for health. 

The following incident illustratesi much of the sadness of 
those days in the South: ' 

In 186eS Edward Cooper, a brave and gallant Confederate 
soldier, was tried before one of the courts-marital of the 
Army of Northern Virginia upon the charge of desertion. 



Decade XI.— 1860-1870. 215 

Cooper declined to employ counsel. The Judge Advocate 
opened the case and Cooper's guilt was clearly shown, and he 
was then asked to produce his evidence, if any he had. He 
stated to the Court he had no witnesses and his only defence 
was a letter from his wife, which he handed to the Court 
It read as follows: 

** My Dear Edwabd: 

I have always been proud of you, and since your connection with the 
Confederate army, I have been prouder of you than ever before. I 
would not have you do anything wrong for the world ; but before God, 
£dward, unless you come home, we must die. Last night I was aroused 
by little Eddie's crying. I called and said, * What is the matter, Eddie,' 
And he said, *0 mamma, I am so hungry.' And Lucy, Edward, your 
darling Lucy ; she never complains, but she is growing thinner and 
thinner every day. And before God, Edward, unless you come home, 
we must die. Your Mary." 

The members of the Court were melted into tears. They 
asked the brave soldier what he did upon the reception of 
the letter. He replied that he made th-ree ineffectual at- 
tempts to obtain a furlough, and then resolved at the expense 
of his life he would visit Mary and the children. That upon 
meeting his wife, she was broken-hearted at learning his 
absence from his post of duty was without leave. Now, 
gentlemen, said Cooper, I am here, not brought back by mili- 
tary power, but in obedience to the command of Mary, to 
abide the sentence of your Court. Under the unbending 
rules of the military code, Cooper was ordered to be shot. 
The papers and evidence were. sent to that great Christian 
chieftain. Gen. E. E. Lee, for review before the sentence of 
the Court was executed. Under military law the general 
was bound to approve the sentence, but he immediately par- 
doned Cooper, and ordered him to report for duty to his 
battery, and dispatched a courier to the home of Cooper to 
have Mary, Eddie and Lucy provided for. Such was the 
suffering of many of our women and children, and such was 
the patriotism of our women in those trying days, and the 
nobility of the Southern soldier and the humanity of the 
Confederate generala 



216 HisTOEY OF Hertfokd County, N. 0. 

The following persons were exempt froon military service 
by an Act of the Confederate Congress, approved May 1, 
1863: 

Justices of the Peace, if appointed prior to May 11, 1863 ; 
County Trustees; County Solicitors; Public Registers; Tax- 
collectors ; Sheriffs ; one Deputy Sheriff in each county ; Con- 
stables, if bonded prior to said date; Clerks of Courts; one 
Deputy Clerk; one County Commissioner in each county to 
distribute provisions amongst soldiers' familieis; agents ap- 
pointed by the General Assembly, and Commissioned Officers 
of the Militia, and some few others. 

At a general muster of the county militia on March 11, 
1861, at Oak Villa, near Winton, Dr. John T. Lewter, of 
Murfreesboro, was elected Colonel in place of Col. Starkey 
Sharp, and Samuel D. Winbome, of Maney's Neck, was 
elected M'ajor, a position to which he was first elected in 
1847. 

BRIEF SKETCH OF SOME OF HERTFORD'S SOLDIERS. 

The war records are in many respects incomplete, but those 
accessible will show that Hertford County was not behind 
her sister counties in her contributions of men and material 
to the Confederate Army. The first company organized in 
the county was known as the Hertford Light Infantry, and 
had for its officers Thomas H. Sharp, Captain; W. B. Wise, 
Jesse A. Perry and Julian G. Moore, Lieutenants. By the 
promotion of Captain Sharp to Major and Lieutenant Colo- 
nel of the 17th N. C. Regiment, W. B. Wise and L. F. Ever- 
ett became captains in succession, and William J. Lattomer, 
John Q. Thomas and William Carey Parker were commis- 
sioned as lieutenanfts. The Hertford Light Infantry became 
Co. C, of the 17th 'N, C, Regiment. When the Federal 
fleet assaulted the weak and incomplete works at Hatteras 
and effected a landing, this company, with the rest of the 
garrison of seven companies, was captured and for a time 
held as prisoners of war. Having been exchanged early in 



Decade XL— 1860-1870. 217 

the war, they did good service and sustained the reputation 
of JSTorth Carolina as hard fighters in Eastern North Caro- 
lina, and later in the Army of Northern Virginia. There 
were from firsit to last ninety-eight (98) rank and file in this 
company, all of whom, except five (5) enlisted from Hert- 
ford County. 

Quite a number of the members of this company still sur- 
vive, among whom the names of the following are recalled: 
Julian G. Moore, William Carey Parker, Joseph Barnes, 
R. T. Barnes, P. P. Parker, Epenetus Creel, Arelius Britt, 
I. W. Worrell, K. E. Maddry, J. E. Jones, J. R. Beal, G. W. 
Banks, Geo. L. Arps, F. Q. Copeland, J. B. Evans, R. B. 
Gatling, J. T. Modlin, Joseph Weed, and H. L. Worthing- 
tom They are widely scattered now, but wherever they cast 
their lots they have become good and useful citizens. They 
were of the best of Hertford's young manhood. The second 
company, according to the time of organization, was called 
"The Hertford Grays"— afterwards Co. F, of the 1st IST. C. 
R^ment of Infantry. The name of Hertford Grays was mis- 
leading, as there were more men from Northampton County in 
the company than there were from Hertford. The company, 
however, was organized at Murf reeeboro, and the officers were 
mainly from Hertford. The officers chosen upon the organi- 
zation were: J. N". Harrell, Captain; William S. Shepherd, 
Cicero F. Lyon and James P. Jenkins, Lieutenants. Lieu- 
tenant Lyon, a teacher in this county for years, was a native 
of Pasquotank, and died of wounds received at EUyson's 
Mill, August 7, 1862, in Petersburg, Va. Lieutenant Wil- 
liam S. Shepherd, a native of Suffolk, Va., the older brother 
of James E. Shepherd, late Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of North Carolina, was killed in an action at Sharps- 
burg, Md., September 17, 1862, and left on the field. Lieu- 
tenant James P. Jenkins, of Northampton County, was 
wounded at Sharpsburg, and having returned to active ser- 
vice too soon, contracted pneumonia and died at Strasburg, 
in the Shenandoah Valley, and was buried there close by the 



218 History of Hertford County, ^N". C. 

Lutheran church, in November, 1862. Thomas D. Boone 
succeeded Lieutenant Lyon, and upon the deiath of Shep- 
herd and Jenkins and the promotion of Captain Harrell as 
Major, became Captain of Co. F, a position that he held 
when he surrendered it at Appomattox Court-house. 

Time would fail to tell of iihe number of battles 'and the 
killed in action, from this company. A remnant, growing 
less and less as the years glide swiftly by, still survive to 
fight their battles over in memory. Here are the names as 
they recur to me now: Thomas D. Boone, Lewis C. Law- 
rence, R. J. Askew, James P. Darden, C. T. Deanee, James 
H. Griffin, John Jenkins, W. P. Montgomery, H. T. Parker, 
John Beams, Edwin Ricks, Asa Saunders, Elias R. Vick, 
Britton C. Vick. At the proper place no mention was made 
of the fact that L. C. Lawrence and James F. Adkins were 
made lieutenants to fill vacancies in the company. L. C. 
Lawrence was promoted to Captain A. C. S. of the 68th N. C. 
Regiment, and still lives, honored in his old age. The num- 
ber of Hertford County men in this company was forty-six 
(46). There were at least ten from Bertie County; the re- 
mainder of the original company enlisted from Northamp- 
ton County. 

Company "D" of the I7th "N. C, was composed almost 
entirely of Hertford County men, and was officered as fol- 
lows: J. M. C. Luke, Captain; Starkey Sharp, Norman L. 
Shaw, and Dorsey Taylor, Lieutenants. Upon the resigna- 
tion of Captain Luke, X. L. Shaw became Captain, and some 
time during the war Richard W. Askew and Isaac Lafayette 
Taylor were made Lieutenants. Among the surviving mem- 
bers of that company may be mentioned the names of Dorsey 
Taylor, R. W. Askew, H. H. Overton, and others whose 
names do not occur to me at this time. 

Company "G," of the 31st N. C. Regiment, was also com- 
posed entirely of Hertford County men. The Captains, from 
time to time, were Jesse J. Yeates, Julian H. Picot and Isaac 
Pipkin. The lieutenants who served with the company were 



Decade XL— 1860-1870. 219 

John D. Gatling, S. B. Pool, John A. Slaughter and John L. 
Everett. Jesse J. Yeates was promoted major upon the 
organization of the regiment, and was suoeeeded by Julian 
H. Picot and Isaac Pipkin as captains as above indicated. 
Captain Picot, at a ripe old age, still survives, and his friends 
hope th'at many years will pass away before he crosses the 
river. Among the members living may be mentioned John 
D. Gatling, W. P. Taylor, who served as lieutenant in 68th 
!N^. C. Regiment, Samuel Barnes, H. D. Harrell, at one time 
County Surveyor, E. W. NoUey, M. J. IS'olley, Charles N. 
Pruden, W. E. Taylor, Richard J. Taylor, and perhaps oth- 
ers. There were 95 men in the company from Hertford 
County. 

In the 19th N. C. Regiment (2d Cavalry it was called) 
there was Company C, in which was James M. Wynns, 1st 
Lieutenant, and afterwards Captain, may be found the names 
of more than forty (40) as good soldiers as ever drew sabre. 
^Nicholas Harrell, 2d Lieutenant, commissioned in 1864, pro- 
nounced by his commanding officer the bravest man he ever 
knew, was from Hertford County. 

In the 3d Battalion of Artillery, commanded by Major 
John W. Moore — an honored citizen of Hertford County, 
still living — there was Co. C, of which Juhan G. Moore, of 
Hertford County, was Captain, and Alfred M. Darden 1st 
Lieutenant, from the same county. In this company the 
record shows that at least seventy (70) by actual count were 
citizens of Hertford Coimty. 

The 4th Battalion of Cavalry, S. J. Wheeler, Major, had 
upon its rolls the names of twenty-two (22) men who were 
not ashamed to call Hertford their home. 

In Company D, 59th X. C. Regiment, known as the 3d 
Cavalry, William Sbarpe was Captain; Thomas Ruffin, of 
Bertie County, Daniel W. Lewis and W. P. Shaw, of Hert- 
ford County, were Lieutenants. Of these commissioned of- 
ficers W. P. Shaw alone survives. There were forty-six (46) 
men enlisted in this company from Hertford County, among 



220 HisTOBY OF Hebtfoed County, N. 0. 

the survivors we find the niames of Luther E. Tyler, R. T. 
Brett, Richard A. Cook, S. J. Doughtie, Media Evans, J. J. 
Hoggard, W. D. McGlaghon. 

In the 68th N. C. Regiment there were two (2) companies 
from Hertford County — D and E, according to Moore's Ros- 
ter; but unfortunately the record does not contain a list of 
the enlisted men. This ought by all means to be supplied 
and recorded before it is too late. Company D had Hillory 
Taylor and Len Askew as Captains, with W. P. Taylor and 
David A. Parker as Lieutenants. The late Langley Tayloe 
was Captain of Company E, with Benjamin B. Williams, 
John Brett and Joseph HoUoman, Lieutenants. W. P. Tay- 
lor, an enterprising, public-spirited citizen, who has been 
honored by his native county, survives -and. is an active busi- 
ness man. 

The 15th Battalion of Cavalry, of which James M. Wynns 
was Lieutenant-Colonel, had at least one Company A in it; 
M. M. Wise and J. T. Beaman were Captains; H. J. Jen- 
kins and A. J. Cobb, Lieutenants. There are no records to 
show how many and wbo were the men that composed the 
enlisted men of the company. This is an omission that needs 
to be remedied as soon as possible. It is a pleasure to record 
thait Col. Wynn still lives. There were a large number — 
how many cannot now be ascertained — ^who were citizens of 
Hertford County, and several in companies from other coun- 
ties, for whom Hertford gets no credit. There are a number 
of Confederate soldiers now living in Hertford County who 
served in other commands, both in and out of the State. Geo. 
W. Grimes, living in Murfreesboro, where he is postmaster, 
was 1st Lieutenant in Company G of the 17th N. C. Regi- 
ment. In one of the battles in which his regiment was en- 
gaged he was severely — ^thought to be mortally — ^wounded. 
In the incomplete record of his company no mention is made 
of this, or of any facts that would assist the future historian 
in giving credit to whom it is due. 



Decade XI.— 1860-1870. 221 

Tke above sketch, of Hertford's soldiers was furnished the 
author by Gapt Thomas D. Boone, who is mentioned in the 
sketch. The captain is, and has been for years, the Clerk 
of our Superior Court. He was a brave and gallant soldier 
and fought in many of the great battles of the war, and noth- 
ing delights him more to-day than to discourse to a circle of 
friends aibout the scenes and dramas of the war. In addition 
to the soldiers mentioned by Captain Boone from the county, 
the author recalls the names of N. J. Battle, James W. Bat- 
tle, John Battle, James L. Myrick, Walter B. Myrick, Doug- 
las Spiers, George Cowper, Pbmpey Darden, Samuel A. Rid- 
dick, James Maget, James P. Massenburg, Euclid Howell, 
Watson S. Howell, J. D. Brett, William Brett, J. E. Brett, 
of Maney's Neck, J. A. Carter, J. B. Parker, J. E. Vaughan, 
J. !N". Lawrence, John N. Vaughan, J. C. Vinson, A. C. 
Darden, T. K. Warren, W. B. Wise, of Murfreesboro. The 
county should secure a record of all of her soldiers. She 
could do no prouder deed. In after days her sons and 
daughters would thank her on bended knees. Their record is 
a lasting monument to the county's fame. Brave soldiers! 
;your praises will be sung throughout all after ages. You 
acted nobly your part in the greatest war in the history of the 

world. 

You, your country will never forget, 

And may God, your souls protect; 

Your noble deeds of valor we love ; 

May you enjoy, with the angels, God's love. 

The war was a bloody and. devastating strife. It was 
fought principally on Southern soil, and our people were 
left almost in poverty. Gen. W. T. Sherman of the Union 
army, foaming with mad hate, to cap the climax of cruelty, 
in the closing days of the great struggle, burned Atlanta and 
made a raid through the South to the sea of 250 miles, with 
his army, burning homes, towns, cities, insulting the noblest 
and purest women of our beloved Southland, and destroying 
everything that came within his reach. Its wickedness has 
no parallel in the history of civilized warfare, and can only 



222 History of Hertfoed County, N. C. 

find its approach in the barbaric wars of ancient times. It 
was a shame and disgrace to the Northern soldiery. He 
boasted of his shame. 

"O shame, where is thy blush?" 

He reported : "I have pursued mine enemies and destroyed 
them; and turned not again until I consumed them.'' His 
allies shouted in joy over his barbarism. 

The Civil War is ended. The whole Southern coiintry is 

weeping. But it was ^^Majestic, though in ruin." Our 

sorro\\^ continue. Jefferson Davis, the beloved chieftain, is 

arrested upon tlie charge of treason and thrown in a dark 

prison cell at Fortress Monroe, hands and feet fettered with 

chains. 

** Black it stood as night, 
Fierce as ten furies, terrible as hell." 

^NTot yet satiated with wicked deeds, our immortal Governor 
Vance is also imprisoned in Washington City, and General 
Schofield is made Military Governor of the State to rule over 
our people, until W. W. Holden, a traitor to his people, was 
made. Provincial Governor. 

Our sorrows, sufferings, and calamities are great, but the 
worst is yet to come. 

Why should the secession of 1861 have been considered 
treason, and whv should those who left the United States 
sendee have been regarded as traitors? The Federal Con- 
stitution did not make allegiance to the Union paramount 
to that of the State. Secession as a right, had at various 
times in the history of our country been asserted by Massa- 
chusetts, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and other 
States, long before the secession of the Southern States. The 
right of secession on the part of the States in the Union was 
generally recognized and actually taught in the U. S. Mili- 
tary Academy at West Point as late as 1863, and that a 
citizen's paramount allegiance was to his State. This lesson 
was taught the men commanding the U. S. Army at the time 
the Southern States seceded. Virginia, I^ew York and Rhode 



Decade XI.— 1860-1870. 223 

Island expressly affirmed the right of secession when they 
adopted the Federal Constitution. Xew England was the 
hot-bed of secession in the ea;rly periods of the Republic, and 
those States were constantly threatening withdrawing from 
the Union. Their right was not denied. They did not 
regard it treason when they desired to withdraw. Then 
why was it treason in the South ? 

Slavery was an institution as old as the government. It 
was all right so long as the North found it profitable in that 
clime, but all wrong when it became unprofitable in the 
Xorth, but profit-able in the South. Had there been no war, 
slavery would have been gradually abolished iii the South. 
That sentiment had been growing in the South for years. 
After the battle of Appomattox, if the North had inaugu- 
rated gradual emancipation of the slaves, or paid the owners 
some reasonable price for the slaves, by the General Gov- 
ernment, the restoration of the Union would have been 
speedy, and much hardship, bloodshed, hatred and suffering 
would have been avoided, and the negro would not h'ave be- 
come the hater of the whites, with whom he had to live. But 
the heart of the North was enthroned in passion. Men who 
never fired a gun nor fac^d danger, but remained in safe 
places during the heroic strife, sihaped the policy of the 
North after the war. Grant and his brave soldiers would 
have inaugurated a different policy. A brave soldier ad- 
mires and loves his brave adversary. 

The State and counties kept up their governments as best 
they could during the war. Some times selecting her civil 
officers from the military ranks. Col. Henry T. Clark, 
President of the Senate, on the death of Governor Ellis on 
July 7, 1861, acted as Governor of the State until September 
8, 1862. In August, 1862, Col. Zebulon B. Vance was 
elected Governor of the State, and called from the ranks of 
the army to serve as Chief Magistrate of the State. He 
entered his new office September 8, 1862, and became the 
Groat War Governor of North Carolina. 



224 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Joseph Blount Slanighter was Hertford's Senator during 
the war to 1864, when Col. James M. Wynns was elected 
Senator and called from the ranks to serve during the sessions 
of the Senate. Jesse B. Vann and John A. Vann were at 
different times in the House. 

The terms of the Superior Courts were occasionally held in 
the county. After 1862 the terms of Court of Pleas and 
Quarter Sessions were very irregular, and when held they 
were at Union and other places in the county. 

On February 20, 1862, another awful calamity befel the 
county. On Uhlat day three warships of the Union navy , 
passed up the Ohowan River by Winton and were fired upon 
by Colonel Williams* command. They fell back to Barfield's 
Ferry, about a mile off, and fired bomb-shells from their 
heavy guns on the town of Winton for some hours. Then 
they landed a portion of their armed forces, who moved on 
the town, and finding the town unguarded and unprotected, 
and to gratify a most ruthless and malignant spirit, set fire 
to the town and court-house, and burned every house in the 
town, except a small house on the lot on which J. S. Mitchell 
now resides, and owned once by Capt. Hiram Freeman, the 
gi-andfather of our present Register of Deeds, and the old 
Methodist church building. The old Franklin Hotel build- 
ing, which stood adjoining the residence lot of Jchn A. An- 
derson, was destroyed in this fire. The courtrhouse with 
all of the county records, except a few record books of the 
County Court, since the fire in August, 1830, were again ab- 
solutely destroyed. We are satisfied that were it possible 
for those who committed this terrible calamity, since the pas- 
sions of war have subsided, to undo this great wrong, they 
wculd gladly do so, and ask God to forgive them. 

In the midst of the troubles and sadness of our Southland, 
our people continued to wed. In 1860 Dr. Richard T. 
Weaver and Esther Cotton, daughter of Dr. Gr. C. Moore, 
were united in holy wedlock, a few days thereafter Dr. T. 
^N". Myrick was wedded to the elegant Susan J. Baker. In 



Decade XL— 1860-1870. 226 

1865 Col. J. M. Wynns captured the beiautiful Jennie 
Brown on February 21. On June 6, Dr. Wm. H. Daughtry, 
of Southampton, steals from Hertford her accomplifihed 
daughter, Helen Myrick. On June 29 the gallant Maj. 
Isaac iPipkin oelebrateB his marriage with the beautiful 
Greorgie W. Montgomery, and on the same day Capt Julian 
G. Moore's marriage to Emily Blaud Southall is announced, 
and Xovember 29 John T. Mebane weds the attractive Julia 
M., daughter of CoL Samuel J. Wheeler. 

While these happy festivities were going on death was 
claiming her victories. Rev. Wm. A. Vann, of the 53d 
N. C. Eeg. falls asleep April 29, 1864:. May 6, 1865, Maj. 
Benj. Porter, father of the late Epinetus Porter, passes 
away, and he is followed on the 10th by Capt. Abner HarrelL 
Wnu BarteUe Wise, on Xovember 7, 1S65, enters for good 
his well-prepared grave, which he had caused to be arranged 
several years prior. March, 1866, tie body of Dr. L. M. 
Jeggitts is brought home from Mississippi for interment; 
he is followed March 19th by Perry Carter. In July, 1S67, 
T. X. Myrick succumbs to the fate of all mankind. The 
Wesleyan Female College loses her President, Bev, J. D. 
OouUing, on Xovember 28, 1866, and the county heare the 
farewell words of her faithful son, L. K. Jemigan, on De- 
cember 8, 1866. 

In the sessions of the legislature in lS66-'7 and lS67-'8 
the county was represented in the Senate by James C. Barnes, 
and Godwin C. Moore in the House. Mr. Moore was in- 
strumental in the session of lS66-'7 in having restored in 
Xorth Carolina the common law right of dower, which was 
abolished in 1784. The act was ratified March 2, 1S67. 
The whipping post, one of the modes of puniRhing criminalf?, 
was abolisfaed August 22, 1668. 

EECO> STK CCTION. 

The so-called Eeeonstruction Period followirjir the endinir 
of the war between the Stat/^ \% the most h^;]'i-h aiA black- 
est page in the historv of the VmMiA Stat/^s Goveri.inent. 
15 



226 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

General Lee surrendered tlie army of IsTorthem Virginia 
April 9, 1865, to General Grant on liberal tenns; General 
Johnson f orm^ally surrendered the army under his command 
A'pril 26, thoug^h he sent a proposal to Gen. Sherman April 
14, for surrender. Also, on April 26, General Kirby Smith 
surrendered the Confederate forces west of the Mississippi. 
That cvazy fanatic, John Wilkes Booth, an actor, on the 
night of April 14, 1865, sihot and killed President Abraham 
Lincoln in Ford's Theatre, in Washington, an act that 
greatly added to the sufferings of the Southern people, who 
sincerely regretted the sad catastrophe. Andrew Johnson, a 
North Carolinian by birth, and a U. S. Senator from Ten- 
nessee, who had been elected Vice-President with President 
Lincoln in 1864, by the Republicans, was sworn in as Presi- 
dent of the United States the next day. Lincoln's death was 
a great calamity to the South. His idea of reconstruction 
was, that, all who would take the oath to support the U. S. 
Constitution should be allowed to vote, if 10 per cent of the 
voting population of any State, recently among the Confeder- 
ate States, took the oath, they could reorganize a State gov- 
ernment. Under this plan the Southern States would have 
soon been back in the Union, and much hardship and hu- 
miliation that followed would have been averted. The cow- 
ardly act of Booth entailed upon the Southern people woes 
unnumbered. Johnson tried to carry out Lincoln's policy. 
But not having the great influence with the Republican mem- 
bers of Congress as Lincoln would have had, as Johnson was 
not a Republican, but a Union Democrat, he had little in- 
fluence with the members of that party. Congress, which 
met in 1865, ignored Johnson's actions, and refused to recog- 
nize the representatives who had been elected to Congress 
from the late seceding States, under a proclamation of Presi- 
dent Johnson. Congress then inaugurated a policy of re- 
construction, the horrors of whidh have never been realized, 
except in the South. It was worse than the war. It was 
hate and humiliation. 



Decade XI.— 1860-1870. 227 

President Johnson, on May 29, 1865, issued his famous 
Amnesty Proclamation, in which a general pardon was ex- 
tended to all persons, except those who had participated in 
the organization and defense of the Confederacy, upon their 
taking the oath of allegiance to the United States. Those 
excepted in the proclamation were required to file with the 
President a special application for pardon, which was 
granted or refused at the will of the Great Chief. Our 
father was one of the excepted dass. An election was or- 
dered by the military satrap of North Carolina, under the 
direction of the President, for delegates to a Constitutional 
Convention of the State to meet in Raleigh, October 2, 1865. 
Hertford sent her faithful son, Richard G. Cowper, as her 
delegate to this convention. E. G. Reade, of Person, was 
president of the convention. The convention at once repealed 
the Ordinance of Secession, October 9, 1865. It also passed 
an ordinance abolishing slavery in the State, and providing 
for holding an election in the several counties on the second 
Thursday in November, 1865, for the election of members 
of the General Assembly, members of Congress, and a Gov- 
ernor. Only those could vote who had been pardoned by the 
President of the United States. Of course the vote was 
small. Candidates were required to be from the class who 
were allowed to vote. This was not regarded, and many 
were not allowed to enjoy their victory. The time fixed for 
the meeting of the General Assembly was the fourth Monday 
of November, 1865. Hertford sent R. G. Cowper to the 
Senate and W. N. H. Smith to the House. It was an able 
body, and one of the most important seasions since the days 
following the Revolution of l776-'82. Smith of Hertford 
was a leading member. He introduced and secured its pass- 
age an act to permit negroes to testify in the courts in legal 
proceedings, also the act to permit parties in interest to testify 
in suits, thereby changing an ancient law that had worked 
great wrongs. 



228 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Holden Avas still Provincial Governor, and he and Jona- 
iJian Worth were candidates at said election for Governor, 
and Worth was elected. The ordinances repealing the Ordi- 
nance of Secession and of abolishing slavery were also sub- 
mitted to the people for ratification or rejection. There was 
in Hertford 83 votes oast for repealing the Ordinance of 
Secession and 21 againsft The ordinance abolishing slavery 
received in Hertford 3Y votes for and 29 against County 
officers were also elected. The sheriffs of the counties were 
required to send the returns of the elections to the Provincial 
Governor, and he was to canvass and declare the result. ISTone 
of the congressmen elected at this election were allowed to 
vote. The convention of October, 1865, met on October the 
19th and removed from office every officer in the State who 
had taken the oath to support the constitution of the Confed- 
erate States, and disqualified them from holding any office or 
place of trust and profit which he held when he took the oath, 
until he was re-appointed or re-elected to the same, and then 
declared all such offices vacant.* 

J. B. Hare was elected Sheriff, Geo. W. Beverly elected 
Clerk of the Superior Court, L. M. Cowper elected as Clerk 
of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, John A. Vann 
re-appointed Clerk and Master in Equity, W. W. Mitchell 
made Chairman of the County Court, with S. D. Winborne 
and W. P. Beaman as members of the special court, S. M. 
Aumack appointed County Trustee, William Sharp elected 
County Attorney, Joseph P. Jordan elected Public Register. 
Terms of the officers elected at the November election began 
at the end of the terms of the officers of the Provincial Gov- 
ernments 

Hare resigned as Sheriff at February term, 1868, of the 
County Court, and Isaac Pipkin was appointed by the jus- 
tices as his successor. 

*NoTE. — Art. 14, Oct. 19, 1865. This was in harmony with the previous 
action of the General Government at Washinprton. U. S. Government 
treated all acts and appointments to office under the C. S. Government 
as void. 



Decade XL— 1860-1870. 229 

The justices of the peace during this period were W. W. 
Mitchell, W. D. Pniden, W. L. Daniel, A. G. Vann, S. S. 
Harrell, J. W. Harrell, Oris Parker, Daniel Valentine, W. S. 
Tajloe, D. V. Sessoms, Miles MiteheU, H. T. Laaeiter, W. D. 
Hollom-an, S. D. Winbome, Jno. D. Gatling, W. P. Beaman, 
G. W. Beverly" Seth Xowell, J. M. Wynns, G. C. Moore, 
Zeph. Askew, Alex. Brett, H. C. Maddry, A. P. Hines, 
Langley Tayloe, J. il. Trader, Kindred HoUomon, G .A. 
Brett 

At the Xovember term, 1867, Judge Smith qualified as 
administrator of Starkey Sharp, deceased, and Jno. W. 
Harrell qualified on the estate of Wm. M. Montgomery, the 
old Clerk and Master in Equity, who died several years 
prior thereto. J. B. Slaughter succeeded Sharp, resigned, 
as County Attorney. This grand old court of the people 
held its last session in February, 1868, and was presided 
over by S. D. Winbome, W. P. Beamau, Oris Parker, and 
several others. This ancient court, which had been the joy 
and pride of its people for over one hundred years, was soon 
to be abolished by the "Carpet-Baggers/' 

Upon the election of Jonathan Worth as Qovemor, some 
hope of peace was entertained by our people, but it was soon 
dissipated when the U. S. Congress, December 13, 1865, 
passed an act refusing the admission of Southern Senators 
and Representatives recently elected to Congress, and repudi- 
ated President Johnson's whole policy. These States were 
not allowed to participate in the making of laws by which 
they were to be governed. The hatred of the North seemed 
to boil over and become more malignant than ever. Congress 
passed the Civil Rights Bill, March 13, 1806, to force social 
equality between the races in the South, but it was promptly 
defeated by Johnson's veto. 

At the August election in 1866, ilut work of the convention 
of October, 1865, amending the State Conj^titution, was sub- 
mitted to the voters of tlie State and rejected by a good 
majority. This angered Congress, and on February 20, 1867, 



230 History of Hertford 'County, N. C. 

an act was passed by the Mad Congress, over the veto of the 
President, destroying all civil govermnent in the South. 
Governor Worth was removed from office and Gren. Edw. S. 
Oanby, of the U. S. Army, was military ruler with unlimited 
power over North Carolina. This Military King ordered an 
election to be held in the counties, October 19, 1867, for the 
election of delegaites to a State constitutional convention, to 
convene in Raleigh, January 14, 1868. In Hertford, Jack- 
son B. Hare, Charles H. Foster, and L. Wash Boone, a 
colored preacher, were the candidates. Hare was elected 
to the convention. Over 20,000 of the best citizens of the 
State were denied the right to vote. The work of this con- 
vention is too well known. Its members were mostly "Car- 
pet-Baggers" of the North. The ex-slaves had been given 
the right to vote, while a large per cent of their former 
masters were disfranchised and not allowed to vote or hold 
office, until pardoned by Congress. The Constitution, gen- 
erally known as the "Canby Constitution," had incorporated 
in it many objectionable features. It was submitted by 
General Canby to the recent slaves, the "CarpetrBaggers," 
and a few of the true native white sons of the State for rati- 
fication at an election held April 21, 22 and 23, 1868. The 
ex-slaves voted three days, under the direction of corrupt 
"CarpetrBag" leaders. The returns of the election in each 
county, like the returns of the preceding election for dele- 
gates, were ordered to be sent to General Canby, and his will 
became the result of the election. The Constitution was 
declared ratified. Arbitrary power and humiliation of the 
white people of the South alone gratifies the passion and hate 
of the North. Love finds no place in their hearts. 

The judges appointed by th^e Provincial Governor and 
General Canby were allowed to continue in office until July 
1, 1868 ; so were many of the county officers allowed to re- 
main in office until the officers elected under tbe Canby 
Constitution should take charge. Among the judges ap- 
pointed by Holden, in December, 1865, were D. A. Barnes, 



Decade XIL— 1870-1880. 231 

of Northampton; D. G. Fowle, of Wake, and A. S. Merri- 
mon, of Buncombe. Holden first -appointed Jesse J. Yeates 
Judge of the First District, but Yeates declined it and re- 
quested tfie appointment of D. A. Barnes. Fowle soon 
resigned, and Greneral Oanby appointed in his place Alexan- 
der Little, of Anson. Judge Merrimon received a command 
or order from the Military Ruler which he refused to obey, 
and resigned, and the Ruler appointed a Northern man by 
the name of Cilley, who was an oiSBcer in the Federal army. 

At the April election, the Governor and other State officers, 
members of the legislature, judges for the courts, and all 
county officers, were elected. W. W. Holden was elected 
Governor. E. T. Snipes, of Quaker proclivities and an hon- 
est and fair man, was elected in Hertford by the Republicans 
to the House of Representatives of the State. S. S. Harrell, 
elected Clerk of the Superior Court (the County Court had 
been abolished), James M. Trader elected Roister of 
Deeds (the name of the office of Public Raster had been 
changed), Isaac Pipkin elected Sheriff, J. J. Horton elected 
Treasurer (the name of County Trustee being also changed). 
The other officers will be found in the list of County Officers. 

The reign of dishonor in the State begins. These were 
sj*d times among our true native people. Lost all, but their 
honor, by the war. Humiliated and oppressed by their vic- 
torious foe. Life was sad and burdensome, and many of the 
noblest and bravest fell under the weight of their sorrows 
and the tyranny of their ignominious rulers. 

On goes the reign of plunder. 

" Fate never wounds more deep the generouH heart, 
Than when a blackhead's insult points the dart/' 



DECADE XII. 

1870—1880. 

The Stat© and most of the counties in the State are still in 
the hands of ^^Oarpet-Baggers^' and comiptionists, and rob- 
bery and plunder of the State and county treasuries continue 
by this horde of vipers. In November, 1870, the Democrats 
secured control of the Legislature, and Governor Holden was 
charged with High Crimes and Misdemeanors in OiSBce, tried 
and impeached, and disfranchised. The Republicans still 
have the governor and the judges, but the Legislature pro- 
ceeds to bring order out of chaos as far as it is possible. It 
was slow work. Most of the eastern counties were still sub- 
merged by the negro vote and carpet-bag radicalism. Hert- 
ford is represented in the Senate by a Republican, and 
in the House by W. D. Newsom, colored. Newsom was 
not a vicious or bad man, but a respectful free-bom 
negro, but thoroughly incompetent. In 1871 the Gen- 
eral Assembly passed an act, ratified February 8, 1871, 
providing for an election to be held in the State on 
April 13, 1871, at which would be submitted the question 
of holding a Constitutional Convention, to convene in Ra- 
leigh on the 4th Monday in May, 1871, and for the election* 
of delegates to the Convention. The Democrats of Hertford 
nominated J. J. Yeates, and the Republicans George H. 
Mitchell. Yeates was elected by a majority of 11, but, 
however, he did not serve, as the people voted not to hold the 
Convejition. Some needed changes were, however, made 
by the General Assembly of 1872, which was largely Demo- 
cratic. Hertford County did not suffer near as much as 
many of the eastern counties in her local affairs, as she had 
most of the time some good men on her Board of County 
Commissioners. From 1868 to 1870 the late John W. Har- 
rell, the late Robert S. Parker, of Murfreesboro, Samuel 
Holloman, of Union, were members of the board — all good 
and honest business men and true sons to the best interest of 



Decade XIL— 18Y0-1880. 233 

the county. W. D. Ifewsom and William Eeed were both 
colored. From 1870 to 1872 we had five very efficient and 
excellent members. .The next term there was only one Dem- 
ocrat on the board, S. D. Winborne. He succeeded, how- 
ever, in checking much reckless management of the affairs 
of the county. The chairman, E. T. Snipes, was a fair- 
minded, honest man, and in him Winborne found a good 
right bower. From 1874 to 1876 there were two Democrats, 
Winborne and Vann, who, Avith the aid of Snipes, controlled 
the board. From 1876 to 1878 for the first time in the his- 
tory of the county it was under the control of five Republi- 
cans. After that to the present time her Commissioners 
have been Democrats except during a short period between 
1894 and 1900. 

The Oanby Constitution was still resting heavily on the 
people, and they were determined to have a Constitution of 
their own, framed by her own sons and adapted to the needs 
of her best citizenship. On August 4, 1875, an election was 
held for the election of delegates to a Constitutional Conven- 
tion, to convene in Raleigh on September 6, 1875. The 
Democrats of Hertford nominated John A. Vann, and the 
Republicans nominated Jordan J. Horton. The Republi- 
can party in the county was composed of a few whites, some 
of whom were sincere and honest people, and some were ex- 
ceedingly vicious. They, with the negroes in the county, 
had about 250 majority of voters, and Horton was elected. 
He was a planter and a very weighty member, as he weighed 
between 300 and 400 pounds. Many changes were made in 
the organic law, but not as many as were needed or desired, 
as the Democrats had only one majority. One of the chan- 
ges made enabled the General Assembly to relieve the eastern 
counties of inefficient and corrupt county officers. The jus- 
tices of the peace were to be elected by the General Assembly, 
and they were to elect the County Commissioners. It also 
authorize^ the Legislature to provide Inferior Criminal 
Courts for the counties, which was done by the Legislature 



234 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

at its session of 18Y6-'Y7. The Inferior Court, with a lini- 
ited criminal jurisdiction, was established in Hertford. The 
presiding officers were to be three, and to be selected from 
the body of the county by the justices of the peace. The 
officers can be seen by reference to the "list of officers.'* Many 
of the noblest men and women during the last decade suc- 
cumbed to the troubles wrought by the revolution of 1861-'65^ 
and during this decade they fell rapidly and continued 
through the succeeding decades to drop off until now there 
is scarcely any left to tell of the Old South. 

The old Public Eegister, W. J. Perry, had died in 1862, 
and William Porter, of Maney's Xeck, died in 1865. Wil- 
liam Bartelle Wise, the father of Mrs. Judge Smith, also 
died in 1865. Mr. Wise was a man of much wealth and was 
always ready to assist worthy young men and his neighbors 
when in trouble. Before settling in Murfreesboro he was 
engaged in the coast trade on the high seas, and in that busi- 
ness he made most of his large estate. He married twice. 
His first wife was Christianna Deanes, by whom he left 
one son, Capt. Marshall M. Wise. His second wife was 
Sarah Copeland, of Northampton County, N. C, and by 
her he left one son, Major William Wise, and one daughter,. 
Mary Olivia, who became the wife of W. N. H. Smith. 
Captain Marshall M. Wise first married a Mississippi wo- 
man, and their children were William B. Wise, who went 
South after the war ; W. D. Wise, who married J. W, HilPs 
' daughter, of the Borough, a brave soldier, who carried a leaden 
ball in his body until death. He died in Durham, N. C, 
a few years past ; George W. Wise was a soldier in the army 
from this county, but moved to Mississippi after the war and 
became the private secretary to the governor of that State 
and married his daughter; Sallie Wise, who became the wife 
of Walter M. Griffin, near Murfreesboro, died without 
issue; Annie L. Wise married Robert Parker, formerly of 
of this town, but later of Norfolk. Marshall's youngest son, 
June M. Wise, married Miss Sauls, and now lives near his 



Decade XIL— 1870-1880. 236 

f athers's old place. M. M. Wise's second wife was Mollie 
Ellis, of Nortliainptoii ; they left one child, Lula. 

Early in the year 1870 faces which had been so familiar 
to our people began to yield to the havoc of time — men too 
noble to survive the bitter hate and oppression of the North. 
Dr. William H. Hutehings, a celebrated physician in the 
County, suddenly passes away in death. He was tall, ereot 
and commanding in appearance, scholarly and chivalrous 
and aristocratic in bearing, and quick to resent an insult. 
He was the soul of honor. His parents were Col. William 
Hutehings, who lived where Kev. H. B. Parker now resides, 
until he removed to the Borough several years before his 
death, which took place November 16, 1821, and his wife 
the widow Skinner, nee Little. The doctor lived in town 
up to his death. A few days prior' to Dr. Hutehings' death 
his friend and a distinguished physician in Winton, Dr. 
R. H. Shields, fell dead in Hutehings' office, while on a visit 
to the man he so much admired. Shields came to the county 
many years before the war from Virginia. Xeither of these 
two old Southern gentlemen ever married, but it was not due 
to a want of the highest admiration for noble women. They 
failed to secure the jewels they loved. In their devotion for 
each other thev were like the old bachelors, Patrick Brown 
and Thoonas O'Dwyer, of remote days. 

Abram Eiddick, who resided on the old Maney plantation 
on tie Chowan Eiver, was in 1871 covered in his grave. He 
-was bom in Xansemond County, Va., in 1801, and moved 
to this county in 1825, and soon became one of Hertford's 
most worthy and useful citizens. For a long while prior to 
reconstruction he was one of her faithful magistrates, and 
successful business men. At the beginning of the war his 
home was palatial and the buildings for his large plantation, 
which were kept painted and whitewashed, resembled a town 
of several hundred inhabitants. He was kind to his neigh- 
bors and humane to his slaves. He was married several 
times. His first wife was the daughter of Benjamin Brett, 



.236 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

who lived at the residence of the late W. D. Bryant in Ma- 
ney's Neck, whom he married October 5, 1824. We think 
his second wife was a Miss Battle. His third* wife was 
Anne Maria Dillard, daughter of James Dillard, of Nanse- 
mond County, Va. By this marriage he had several chil- 
dren, two sons and four daughters- — Samuel A., who was in 
the Confederate Army and died or was killed in Pennsylva- 
nia when Lee's army invaded that State. His other son, 
J. D. Riddick, now resides at his father's old home. His 
daughter Pattie married Rev. James Murray, a Presbyte- 
rian minister in Virginia. His daughter Virginia R. mar- 
ried George Cowper. His last wife was widow Lavinia 
Whedbee, nee Leigh, of Perquimans County. His Dillard 
wife was the mother of his children. His father was James 
Riddick, of Virginia, and his mother wa& a Miss Cross. The 
old worthies are rapidly departing. John W. Southall, R. 
G. Cowper, the old Sheriff and legislator ; Lewis M. Cowper, 
the old Clerk of the former County Court, and others are 
numbered among the dead in 1873. J. A. Worrell, John 
G. Wilson, the old Presbyterian men^hant of our town, who 
married the daughter of Abner Harrell, followed in 1874. 
John B. Sharp, Robert S. Parker, of the Borough town, and 
the old accountant to whom was often referred the state- 
ment of complicated accounts by the courts, and a close 
friend of W. 1^. H. Smith, followed in 1875. Lewis T. 
Spiers, the handsome, polite and well-dressed old merchant 
of the Borough, died in 1879, and his worthy partner, Jas. 
W. Hill, in 1888, and his friend W. W. Mitchell in 1897. 
Mr. Mitchell was one of the patriarchs of the county. He 
was chairman of the County Court from June, 1861 to 1866, 
and had served the county as one of its leading justices for 
twenty-five years. He was a man of stem and positive char- 
acter and a strong member in his church and denomination 
from early manhood to his death, and a great advocate of 
education. He was an uncompromising Baptist in his re- 
ligious faith, and gave liberally of his large means to the 




Decade XI 1.-1870-1880. 237 

advancement of its cause. He 
was one of the prime moTera 
in the building and eetablish- 
ment of the Chowan Baptiat 
Female Institute, and con- 
tributed lai^ly to the ex- 
pense, and was chairman of 
its board of trustees for a 
number of years until his 
health became so enfeebled 
that he declined further elec- 
tion. During his active life 
he was always ready to respond to its needs, and faithfully 
attended all meetings of the trustees, and his face was fa- 
miliar on the rostrum at the annual commencement exercises. 
He married the sister of the late Rev. Jno. Mitchell, who was 
so well known throughout Xortt Carolina. She was the daugh- 
ter of James S, Mitchell, the legislator from Bertie in 1842. 
He left several children — three sons, James S., John P., and 
W. J. Mitchell. The first married Miss Owen, whose par- 
ents came to tiie county from Granville, and John P. married 
Mary, the daughter of Wade H. Garriss, and is the niece of 
Mrs. A. I. Parker, of Winton. Jolm P. is now the cashier 
of the bank in Winton. William J, married Sallie, the 
daughter of the late John A. Vann. Jame« and John, with 
their families, live in Winton, and William and his family 
live near Ahoskie, Chairman Mitchell's oldest daughter, 
Mary, married the late James L. Mitchell, an attorney at 
Winton for some years before his death about 1878. His 
second daughter, Sallie, married Lt. W. P. Taylor, of Win- 
ton. Pauline, the third daughter, first married W. D, HoI~ 
loman, and afler his death she married C. W, Mitchell, of 
Aulander, !N". C, an influential Baptist, an intelligent legis- 
lator and successful merchant and planter. The youngest 
daughter, Eettie, married Thomas J, Vann, son of Jesse B. 
Vann, Hertford's representative in the House in 1862, 



238 His^OBY OF Heetfoed County, N. C. 

Jesse was the son of the old chairman, John Vann, of the 
County Court Lt. W. P. Taylor was the son of Maj. Hil- 
lory Taylor, o£ Mill Neck. 

In 1872 Hon. D. A. 

O Barnes, of Jackson, N. C, the 
silver-haired bachelor lawj-er 
of Northampton, and aide-de- 
camp to Governor Vance dur- 
ing the Civil War, married 
the young, fascinating and 
much-admired Bet tie Vaughan, 
'liird daughter of Col. Uriah 
Vaughan, and settled in Mur- 
freesboro with his young bride 
JUDGE ij, A. BABNKM. ^^^ becamc a citizen of Hert- 

ford. Judge Barnt?s had been well and long known to our 
people, as he had l>cen a reg\tlar attendant upon our courts 
for a number of years. He was the eldest son of Collin W. 
Banies, a wealthy planter of Northampton, by his second 
marriage to his coiisin Louisa Barnes. Judge Barnes re- 
mained with us until his death in 1892. His widow, three 
daughters and only son, Da- 
vid Collin Bamea, still live 
at his beautiful residence 
erected by him in 1874 in the 
old town of the many worth- 
ies of olden days. His son 
is one of our promising young 
lawyers and the president of 
our town bajik. Judge David 
A. Barnes graduated in 1840 
at the University at Chapel 
Hill and was one of the Rep- 
resentatives in the House of his State in 1844, 1846, 
1850 and 1858 from his native county of Northampton. 




Decade XIL— 1870-1880. 239 

A member of the Secession Convention of 1861. Ap- 
pointed Provisional Judge of the Superior Court in the 
First Judicial District by the Provisional Governor, W. W. 
Holden, in December, 1866, which office he held until July 
1, 1868. Candidate of the Conservative party in 1870 
against C. L. Cobb for Congress, but was defeated by a large 
majority. Judge Barnes was a lawyer of considerable repu- 
tation. His jury speeches were unique in style, but very 
effective. Like most of the older lawyers of the State who 
were trained under the old practice, he never became recon- 
ciled to The Code practice. The judge never married until 
late in life. He was much the senior of his bride in 1872, 
, she being at the date of her marriage in her 24th year. He 
had two brothers — ^the late Joseph B. Barnes, of Northamp- 
ton, who married Bettie, the daughter of Henry C. Edwards 
of his native county, and George Badger Barnes, late mem- 
ber of the commission house of Vaughan & Barnes, of Nor- 
folk. George never married and survived his brother David 
A. Barnes but a few years. He had three sisters — ^Mrs. Wil- 
liam Faison, of Northampton; Mrs. William H. Drewry, of 
Southampton County, Va., the mother of John C. Drewry, 
of Raleigh ; and Mrs. Jesse Moore, of Northampton County. 
Judge Barnes' father, Capt. Collin W. Barnes, represented 
his county in the State Senate in 1829 and 1830. He was 
a native of Nansemond County, Va., but moved to North- 
ampton County when young and became a large property 
holder and an influential citizen. 

Joseph W. Perry was Clerk of the Superior Court from 
1870 until he resigned in 1872. He was appointed by the 
judge of the district to fill the vacancy caused by the resigna- 
tion of S. S. Harrell. Mr. Perry was a young and active 
business man in Winton when he was appointed. He in the 
latter part of this decade moved to Norfolk and engaged in 
the cotton commission business, and has been extremely suc- 
cessful. His parents were Joseph J. Perry and wife, who 
» ^35 the daughter of William Wynns Sessoms. His grand- 



240 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

father was Freeman Perry and his great-grandfather was 
Josiah Perry, who married a lady in Edgecombe County. 

On April 11, 1873, Gen. Edw. S. Canby, the former mili- 
tary potentate of ISTorth and South Carolina, was killed in 
the rocky jungles of "The Land of BumlH)ut Fires," in the 
State of Oregon, by Captain Jack, a Modoc Indian Chief. 
An account of this treacherous act can be found in the Sep- 
tember number, 1905, of the Metropolitan Magazine. Such 
was the fate of this man who took part in the humiliation of 
the proud and good people of the South during the days 
called reconstruction. 

At the August election in 1875 Jesse J. Yeates, of Mur- 
freesboro, was elected by the Democrats to Congress from 
the Edenten District to succeed Clinton L. Cobb, who had 
serv^ed six years but was defeated in this election by Yeates. 
Congress had again tried te pass another Civil Rights Bill 
and force social equality between the races in the South. 
Cobb, who was a bitter Republican, voted for the measure. 
Yeates was eloquent in this campaign in denouncing this 
effort of Congress and this vote of Cobb. White men and 
white women flocked to the appointments of Yeates to hear 
him. Men cursed and women wept under his powerful ap» 
peals for the wives and daughters and homes of the Southern 
whites. The women electioneered on the white men who 
had been voting with the negroes and "carpet-baggers" to 
save them. The result was the triumphant election of Yeates. 
He was re-elected for the two following terms, serving in 
Congress from December 6, 1875, to March 3, 1881. 

Yeates was a lawyer of great power and eloquence. He 
had filled many offices. They were : County Attorney, mem- 
ber of House of Commons, Solicitor of First Judicial Dis- 
trict for six years. Major in the army. Council of State 
during the short time Worth was Governor, appointed 
Judge of the First District by Provincial Governor 
Holden, but deoline(^it He was bom May 29, 1829, and 
died about 1893, in Washington City. He was married 




ESSE J. VEATEi. 



Decade XII.— 1870-1880. 241 

twice. His first wife was Miss Maria Piper, of Virginia. 
She died August 21, 1854, about two years after their mar- 
riage, leaving one daughter, Janie, who after reaching 
womanhood married her cousin. Dr. Edw. Yeates, of Missis- 
sippi. His second wife was Virginia, the daughter of James 
Scott, of Baltimore, and granddaughter of Gen. John Scott, 
of Hertford County. She was sister of Mrs. H. T. Lassiter, 
and cousin to General Scott of Florida. She preceded him 
several years to the grave. They left four sons and one 
daughter — Charles M.. Yeatee, of Washington City; Wil- 
liam Scott Yeatee, of Georgia ; J. J. Yeates, of Birmingham, 
Ala. ; George Yeates, of the U. S. Army. His mother was 
the sister of Abner Harrell, and his father was James Yeates, 
of this county, who was the son of Jesse Yeates, whose name 
appears in the TJ. S. Census of this county in 1790. His 
daughter, Jennie, married Daniel L. Smith, a lawyer of 
New York, and they are now living in Boston, Mass. She 
was a very handsome and a representative Southern woman. 
His father died when he was young, leaving several chil- 
dren. Jesse J. Knight, who liVed near Union, married his 
sister. Major Yeates had a hard struggle to secure his edu- 
cation and prepare himself for his profession. Another of 
his sisters married Hezekiah Eevel, of Bertie, and later of 
Murfreesboro, and still later of the western part of this 
State. 

While the old fathers are falling thick and fast, their 
worthy sons are coming boldly to the front in defence of the 
honor of the South, the purity of its noble women, and the 
sanctity of their 'homes, and repelling the cowardly attacks 
of the Republican Congresses with indignation and scorn. 
The South begins the brave and glorious work of driving from 
power the "carpet-baggers,'' the Benedict Arnolds of the 
South, and the enemies of the virtuous homes of that fair 
Southland, which had been the honor and glory of America 
for over a hundred years. It was the land of patriotism and 
statesmen, the home of the purest and noblest women of the 
16 



242 History of Hebtfobd County, N. C. 

civilized world, without which no people can be great. Many 
of the Southern States are securing the election of their ablest 
and truest men to Congress. North Carolina sends the bril- 
liant and gifted Gen. M. W. Ransom and A. S. Merrimon to 
the U. S. Senate in place of the "carpet-bagger" Joseph C. 
Abbott, and John Pool, one of the Judasee of the South. 
In 1874 she elects a large majority of both branches of the 
Legislature, and the act was passed calling the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1875. In the House, Hertford was 
still represented by a Republican — Solomon Parker — ^but 
in the Senate sat two Democrats from the northeastern coun- 
ties, including Hertford, and comprising the First Senatorial 
District — ^W. B. Shaw, the son of the old Congressman, 
Henry M. Shaw, of Currituck, and Thos. R. Jemigan, of 
Hertford. Mr. Jemigan was the son of one of Hertford's 
noblest anti-war gentlemen, Lemuel R. Jemigan, and brother 
of the brilliant young lav/yer of 1861, Jno. H. Jemigan. He 
was a graduate from the University of Virginia, well versed 
in general literature, familiar with the political history of the 
country, a lawyer of ability, chaste in his diction, incisive 
in his orations, and brave as Julius Caesar. It was the be- 
ginning of a useful public life. He had been defeated in 
1870 and 1872 for the House. He made an enviable repu- 
tation in the Senate, and was often after that a candidate 
before the people for Presidential Elector, for the State 
Senate, and other honors. But like his brother John H., he 
early became deaf and had to abandon his profession. Presir 
dent Cleveland appointed him Consul to Japan in 1885, 
which office he held until 1889. Returning home he devoted 
his attention to journalism, and ably edited for several years 
in Raleigh The Intelligencer^ which the editor declared as 
its head lines, the words "Impartial, not neutral; and de- 
voted to the best interest of North Carolina, inseparable from 
Democratic principles." In 1895 he was appointed by Pres- 
ident Cleveland Consul-General to Shanghai, China, After 
the expiration of his office he took up his residence in Shang- 




los. TH09. R. JEKNI'i' 



i) 



Decade XIL— 1870-1880. 243 

hai, where he now resides. He has written the commercial 
history of China from 1864. He was bom in 1847, and in 
1885 married Fannie, the youngest daughter of Col. Starkey 
Sharpe III. His brother, John H. Jemigan, grew very 
deaf in his early manhood and was compelled to abandon 
his profession ; was disqualified by his want of hearing from 
serving in the army, where he would like to have been. He 
was bom in 1836 and died in 1870. In 1861 he married 
Sallie, the daughter of Watson Lewis, Jr., who was the aunt 
of his brother Thiomas' wife. She was said to be the pretti- 
est woman in the county at that time. He left two sons, one 
of whom, John Hunter Jemigan, is living. Mrs. Sallie. 
Mitchell, of Winton, the handsome wife of our young lawyer 
J. R. Mitchell, is his granddaughter. 

H. 0. Maddry, Democrat, successfully contested the seat 
of Jordan J. Horton, Republican, in the House in 1876. 

The Wesleyan Female College closed its session in June, 
1877, with a roll of 177 young ladies, under the presidency 
of Rev. William G. Star, and the college building was myste- 
riously burned during the vacation, which caused widespread 
sorrow and regret among the non-communicants and commu- 
nicants of all religious denominations. A mighty calamity. 
It was rebuilt in 1881, and again destroyed by fire in 1893. 

The Chowan Baptist Female Institute goes on in her grand 
work of educating minds and hearts of noble young women 
for the elevation of mankind. 

The brave work of rebuilding the shattered fortunes of 
the South goes nobly on. In 1877 the justices of the peace 
are appointed by the Legislature and they elect the County 
Commissioners from her truest sons, as may be seen by ref- 
erence to the list of officers. We will make a brief sketch of 
the retiring county officers and their successors: 

Capt. Isaac Pipkin, who left the office of Sheriff in 1876, 
was a grandson of Gen. Isaac Pipkin, of Gates. He was a 
Democrat in politics, was a gallant soldier in the Confeder- 



244 History of HERTFoiBto County, N. C. 

ate Army, and a very polite and attractable gentleman. He 
bad married Georgie, 'the daughter of the late George W. 
Montgomery, of this county. He and his wife are both dead. 
Their two «ons, Isaac and Thomas W. Pipkin, now reside 
in the old Borough village. Their daughter, Georgie, mar- 
ried Lewis 0. Lawrence, Jr. 

His successor from 18Y6 to 1878 was Jackson B. Hare, 
who had been an officer in the county during the war and 
during reconstruction. His son, John Hare, survives him. 
His second wife was the daughter of Lemuel Howelt, of 
Maney's Neck. He was greatly her senior. She and their 
little child survived him. Subsequently she married John 
HoUoman, and. they are living at his late residence. 

James M. Trader, who was Register of Deeds in the 
county from 1868 to 1876, and who was also postmaster at 
Murf reesboro for a number of years, was a unique yet inter- 
esting character. Not industrious, but economical and sav- 
ing, earless about his dress, yet proud and quick to resent 
any reflection on his character. Not studious, but possessed 
of a strong mind well-stored with a wonderful amount of 
information. He obtained license after 1868 to practice 
law under a statute allowing any one to obtain license by 
proving good moral character and paying a tax fee of $20. 
He never practiced in any of the courts, except probably in 
the courts of justices of the peace, but wrote deeds, wills and 
the like for those seeking cheap work. He was the son of 
William Trader, of Murfreesboro, and his wife, Betsy Dar- 
den. Williams' wife Betsy died in 1822, and in 1824 he 
married Mary Gatling. He died in 1826, leaving surviving 
him one daughter and five sons by his first marriage — ^W. H. 
Trader, who emigrated to Arkansas; John Trader, who died 
in Washington, D. C, while holding a government office; 
D. C. Trader, who emigrated to Memphis ; Henry G. Trader, 
who was a prominent merchant like his father, in Murfrees- 
boro for a number of years. Just prior to the Civil War he 
moved to Mississippi, and James M. Trader, who spent his 



Decade XIL— 1870-1880. 245 

days in his native town. He married Mary E. Brown, the 
daughter of Samuel Brown and wife, Nancj, and grand- 
daughter of Maj. John Brown, the old Tory of colonial 
times. Dr. God-win C. Moore and John A. Anderson were 
ftlso grandsons of the old Maj. John Brown. Samuel Brown 
lived in Murfreesboro, at the home of the late Edw. F. Dim- 
Bton. William Trader's daughter was the last wife of Ely 
Carter, of this place. The old Register of Deeds and ptrat- 
niaster died in 1882, leaving one son, John B. Trader, one 
of our present magistrates and chief justice of the town. 

Trader's successor in the 
office of Register of Deeds was 
Henry C. Sharp, a member 
of the ancient and prominent 
Sharp family of this county, 
d the son. of Jacob Sharp 
II, who married Eliz. Simons. 
Mr. Sharp waa born in 1844, 
graduated at the University of 
Virginia, and ranking high in 
his class. W. D. Prudfen, 
Esq., says Henry C. Sharp is 
the best mathematician in the world. He is a quiet and 
unoffending man, economical and saving, accurate and square 
in his dealings with his fellow-man. He served in the Con- 
federate Army. As a civil officer he was honest and effi- 
cient Col, Thomas H, Sharp and Oapt. William Sharp, 
two of Hertford's brave- soldiers, were his brothers. Both 
of them died in Charleston, S. 0. 

Henry C. Sharp married the widow of hia cousin, Charles 
L. Sharp, the son of J. Bembery Sharp and wife. She was 
the sister of James M. Powell, of Harrellsville. He is still 
a worthy citizen of the county. 

Samuel D. Winbome, the chiairman of the Board of 
County Commissioners, had long served his countymen in 
different positions of honor. He was bom March 7, 1821. 




246 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

He was the son of EHsha Winborne, who died about the end 
of the Yth decade, and his wife Martha Warren, and grand- 
son of Thomas Winborne, and great-grandson of Maj. Henry 
Winborne, of colonial times and revolutionary fame in 1776- 
'82. On his maternal side he was grandson of C!oL Ethel- 
dred Warren, of the Revolutionary War, from Virginia, and 
the great-grandson of Samuel Warren, of that State, and 
who purchased the Warren homestead in 1736 from William 
Gooch. Young Winborne was appointed a cadet to the Mili- 
tary Academy at West Point in 1839, by Hon. Kenneth 
Rayner. He entered the Academy in 1840, and in the fall 
of 1841 his healtl^. failed, and after remaining in the hospi- 
tal four months he resigned and came home. In 1847, when 
the State militia was reorganized, he was made major in his 
county, which office he held for some years. March 30, 
1850, he married Mrs. Mary Hare Massenburg, nee Pretlow, 
of Southampton County, Va., who was the mother of his 
children. About 1854 he was appointed a justice of the 
peace in the county, a position which he held up to within 
a few years of his death on April 3, 1895. He was one of 
the "Special Court" when the Court of Pleas and Quarter 
Sesssions was abolished in 1868. A strong Whig before the 
war and a consistent and positive Democrat since reconstruc- 
tion. 

On March 11, 1861, there was a battalion muster of the 
Hertford militia at Oak Villa, near Winton. Dr. John T. 
Lewter, of Murfreesboro, succeeded Col. Starkey Sharp in 
command of the regiment, and Maj. Samuel D. Winborne, 
of Maney's Neck, was again elected major. The terms of 
these officers was three years. The above military facts we 
get from an old county record furnished us by Major Moore. 
This regiment was composed of several companies in the 
county. 

Most of the time from 1862 to the close of the war. Major 
Winborne was a purchasing agent of the Confederate Gov- 
ernment of supplies for the army, at one time delivering his 




Decade XII.— 1870-1880. 247 

purchases to Maj. Ki^er Prior, at Franklin, Va. Major 
Prior later became Gen. Rt^er Prior. He was a friend to 
the families of the Confedeo^te soldiers and the poor. He 
served his county as County Ooimnissioner from 1872 to 
1890, excepting the term from 1876 to 1878, when he was 
defeated by William Keed,*a 
colored preacher near Mur- 
freesboro. The war stripped 
him of his comfortable estate, 
"xpept hia land. Before his 
1^ clealii, by wise and prudent 
I management he had nearly re- 
gained his former estate. He 
dropped dead at his dining 
table in the 74th year of his 
age, from a third stroke of 
paralysis, in the presence of 
his family and only sister, who was on a visit to him. Mod- 
esty prevents me from saying more of this good man. Let 
others write his epitaph. His eldest brother, Mica j ah 
Thomas Winbome, died in Mobile, Ala., in 1843 ; his young- 
eat brother, Richard, died in La Grange, Team., in 1862. 
His other brother was Dr. Robert H. Winbome, who gradu- 
ated at the University of the State at Chapel Hill in 1847, 
and settled in Chowan County. After graduating in medi- 
cine at the University of Virginia and the University of 
Pennsylvunia, he became a distinguished physician. He rep- 
resented that county in the Constitutional Convention of 
1865, and died in October, 1898, aged 72, leaving behind 

Note. — Tilman D. Vann writes, "that Robert Henry Wioborne is the 
finest young man Hertford county has ever produced. " Young Win- 
bome graduated at Chapel Hill in the Class of 1847, with J.J. Pettigrew, 
M. W. RansoiD, John Pool aud others. Pettigrew took the first honor. 
Gen. M. W. Ransom baa told the author ofteu of the long and close 
struggle between himself and Bob Winbome for the second position in 
that illustrious class. Ransom finally won, aft^r a protracted contest, 
on some catch question. He in his latter days loved to talk to the 
author about this class contest and of his admiration for " Bob Win- 
bome." The latter was made the valedictorian of the class. They were 
of the warmest friends through life. 



348 History of Hertfokd County, N. C. 

him an honored name. His sister OaroUne, wife of Britton 
Moore, of Murfireeaboro, died November 1, 1898, in Edei- 
ton. Maj. S, D. Winbome left surviving him his widow, 
three sons and two daughters. Mrs. T. I. Burbage, of iUa- 
ney's Keck, and Mrs. Loroy J. Sa.vage, of Norfolk, Va., are 
his daughters; and Samuel P. Winbome, who lives at tie 
okl homestead, Robert W. Winbome, of Roanoke, Va., and 
the author, are bis sons. Ho was a man of strong and stain- 
less character, a devoted husband, a true neighbor, model 
citizen, and the companion of his children. The author's 
book, "The Winbome Family," gives a sketch of all the old 
Winbome families in North Carolina. Several of them 
in early days emigrated to Tennessee and other Southern 
States, and the far West. In March, 1906, Harry Win- 
bome, a rich miner of Colorado, was killed by a snow-slide 
on a mountain side. 

Samuel M. Aumack, one of 
the new County Commission- 
ers, has long been a faithful 
and useful citizen in his 
county. When a young man 
he studied law, but never prac- 
ticed. As County Trustee, 
County Commissioner, Super- 
intendent of Public Schools, 
and as justice of the peace, he 
has honored his oounty. His 
H M. AiMACk. father of the same name was 

born in Edentown, K. J., in 1807, and when a young man, 
in 1835, he moved to Hertford County and settled at Pitch 
Landing, then a thrifty little village. In 1838 he married 
Nancy Daniel, the sristeo* of the late Major Watson L. 
Daniel, of Hertford County, and the daughter of Capt. 
Belchfr Daniel, who married a Julia Flower. Samuel 
M. Anmack, Sr., died in 1843, leaving surviving him his 
son and his wido.w. The latter died in 1887, aged 75. S. 





Decade XIL— 1870-1880. 249 

M. Aumack, Jr., haa been married three times. His second 
■wife was the daughter of the late John L, Jenkins, and hia 
preeent wife was a widow Gillam, and daughter of Dr. 
Joseph W. Sessoms, o£ Bertie County. He is still one of 
the leading justices of the peace in the county. 

Another of the new Com- 
missioners was one of Hert- 
ford's brave Confederate colo- 
nels in the War of 1861-'65. 
Ha was JarretNorfleetHarrell, 
a descendant of her old Harrell 
families, from which she so 
often selected her officers. He 
was bom January 24, 1824, 
and was the youngest of a 
family of four sons and one 
""-^- """•""•- daughter— J««ph, John W., 

Andrew J., Jarret N., and Amanda C. Harrell. Their par- 
ents were John Harrell and "Winnifred Harrell, nee Bell, of 
Enfield, The father, John Harrell, was the grandson of 
Lt John Harrell, who was Sheriff of Hertford County from 
1774 to 1777, when he enlisted in the Continental Army and 
was ranked as lieutenant. Colonel Harrell' s father died 
when he was ^'ery young. After the death of his father, 
ex-Sheriff William B. Wynns, a friend of the family, took 
charge of Jarret and his brother John "W,, and stood in loco 
parentis to them. Mr. Wynns was then living at Barfields, and 
conducted a large mercantile business as one of his enter- 
prises. John W. Harrell was clerk in Wynns' store, and 
when he grew to manhood Wynns made him 'a partner in his 
business, and Jarret N., who had become qualified by age and 
education, was made head clerk in the store. After reaching 
matured manhood he and his brother moved to Murfreesboro 
and began the mercantile business under the firm name of 
J. W. Harrell & Ero., and met with fine success. His brother 
John W, was considered one of the best business men in our 



250 



HlSTOEY OF Heetfobd Oounty, N". C. 



ooiuity. Colond Harrell was twice married. On June 
17, 1856, he married Susan RufGn, of Surry Court-house, 
Va., and sad to reiate, she died August 14tJi of the same 
year. He entered the Confederate Army at the call for 
arms, as captain, and soon promoted to the rank of major. 
On November 5, 1863, Major Harrell m'arried the patriotic 
and attractive Ellen O., eldest daughter of John V. Law- 
rence, of Murfreesboro, and the granddaughter of James 
Hea. Later Major Harrell was promoted to the rank of 
oolonel. Colonel Harrell at the close of hostilities returned 
to his old home and he and his brother JtJin W, renewed 
their former mercantile business at the same place, which 
was continued during the remainder of their lives. The 
colonel was frank, honest and positive in manner, but very 
fond of young society and always made himself pleasant and 
entertaining. He was tall, erect and large, and a splendid- 
looking man. He had a commanding and military bearing. 
He served his county as County Commissioner from 1878 to 
1890, and always took an active part in politics and county 
affairs. lie died Xovember 4, 1892, leaving surviving him 
his widow and two daughters, 
Gertrude and Linda. Ger- 
trude married her cousin, 
Charles T. Vaughan, son of 
I the late William Vaughan, 
I and they are living with the 
widow at the beautiful home 
of the late Oolonel Harrell. 
Linda married Isaac Waike, 
of Norfolk, Va., where they 
live. 

. Amanda C. Harrell married 
31. Montgomery, the old Clerk and Master in 
Equity, of whom we have written Joseph Harrell lived in 
Northampton and died many years ago, leaving surviving 
him his widow and several young children, George and Cola 




Willi 



Decade XIL— 1870-1880. 251 

R. The latter is chairman of the Board of Commissioners 
of his county, and once served his county in the Legislature. 
He married his cousin, the youngest daughter of his uncle, 
Andrew J. Harrell, and is now a prominent merchant at 
Potecasi, in Northampton County. George waB in the com- 
mission business with his uncles, John W. and J. "N. Har- 
rell, when he died September 30, 1888. The sister of George 
and Cola married Everet B. Lassiter, of Pbtecasi. She died 
two or three years ago, leaving several children. Mr. Lassi- 
ter, on June 22, 1905, married Miss Boyette, daughter of 
Charles Boyette and wife, Tempance O. Godwin, of Mur- 
f reesboro. Andrew J. Harrell married Mary Deanes, and for 
a number of years was a prosperous merchant at Woodland, 
N. C. Later he moved to Norfolk, Va., and conducted success- 
fully with his brothers, John and Jarret, a commission busi- 
ness. He died in Norfolk in January, 1890. Like his brother 
J" arret he was a handsome and fine-looking man. He left 
several children, two sons and two daughters. His elder 
daughter, Roberta, married Dr. P. C. Jenkins, of Eoxobel, 
IN". C, and his younger daughter, Mary, married, as before 
stated. Cola R. Harrell. His elder son, Cecil W. Harrell, 
of Woodland, married Bessie, the second daughter of the 
late John E. Maget, and his yoimger son, Paul, married Miss 
Viola Hall, of Nansemond County, Va, John W. Harrell, 
the eldest of the brothers, and the survivor of all of them, 
was a leading citizen of Murfreesboro for 'a great number 
of years. He was widely known as a most excellent busi- 
ness man and leading Methodist, and a hospitable gentleman. 
He married the widow of George W. Montgomery, who was 
Martha Pipkin, tlie sister of Dr. Isaac Pipkin, and by her 
he reared two daughters, Sarah M. and Florie. The latter 
died without ever marrying, and the former married the late 
Jtb R. Hall, of Ahoskie, but after his marriage he became 
a citizen of Murfreesboro. Their daughter Florie died 
young. He reared three sons — John H., Charles E., and 



252 HisTOBY OF Hebtfobd County, N. C. 

Marvin Hall. The boysi 'are married and doing well. John 
H. ia in Baltimore, Charles is in Norfolk, and Marvin in 
Pittsburg, Pa. 

Another member of the new Board of Commissioners was 
John A. Vami, of whom we have written in the 8th decade. 

James Thomas Wynns, the fifth new Commissioner, lived 
in Union, and was one of the county^s most successful mer- 
chants and a faithful oflBcer. He was bom January 8, 
1823, and received only a limited educatib«n at the public 
and neighborhood schools. He was a good man, a just and 
correct man, and an energetic citizen. He married Sarah A. 
Dunn. She was born August 31, 1823, and died December 
10, 1891. He always took a deep interest in trying to rescue 
the county and State from the Republican party. His 
father was Benjamin Wjnns, a son of William Wynns. 
Benjamin Wynns lived and died near where the town of 
Union is now located, and married Polly Carter, a sister of 
Perry and Eley Garter, of Murfreesboro. James Thomas 
Wynns died July 2, 1900, and left only one child, Annie, 
who married Dr. W. H. Sears. They live at her father's 
home. Dr. Sears' mother was the daughter of Thomas Grif- 
fith, who was bom December, 1780, and died April 19, 
1848. His father was John GriflSth, who was bom March 
12, 1754. Thomas Griffith was married three times. His 
first wife was Temperance Gatling, his second Martha Jen- 
kins, the mother of Mrs. H. C. Maddry and the grandmother 
of Dr. Sears. His third wife was Mrs. Elizabeth Weston, 
nee Warren. She left no issue. Griffith's daughter mar- 
ried first William H. Sears, of Gates, and they were the 
parents of Dr. W. H. Sears, the husband of Miss Annie 
Wynns. Sears, Sr., died and his widow married the late 
H. Carter Maddry, of Northampton, who after his marriage 
moved to Hertford, where he became a prominent and lead- 
ing citizen and office-holder. Mr. Maddry died after a pro- 
tracted illness in 1893, without issue. His widow still sur- 



Decade XII.— 1870-1880. 253 

vives and lives with her son. Edgar 6. Sears, of Maney^s 
Neck, and Mrs. W. J. Boyette, of Mapleton, ure first cousins 
of Dr. W. H. Sears. 

The GriflB.ths and the Wynns are among the oldest families 
of the county. The author found an old deed which recited 
the following interesting facts: That George Ganey, in 
1713, secured a patent for all the lands in and around where 
the town of Murf reesbopo is located, and sold it off in smaller 
tracts. The tract now known as the old Meredith Field was 
sold to William GriflB.th, and he in 1766 sold it to Jonathan 
Roberts, who in turn sold it to Captain Meredith. It was 
willed by Meredith, subject to his wife's life eetate, to James, 
William and Henry Maney; also the gristmill now owned 
by E. 0. Worrell was owned by James Maney, and the creek 
from the mill to Meherrin River was known a^ Qaney's 
Creek. The above-named Maneys sold the Meredith tract to 
the late John G. Wilson. 

George W. Wynns, the Coroner of the county for many 
years, and the older brother of the Commis-sioner, was mar- 
ried several times and worked diligently to comply with the 
Biblical command to ^'Go forth, multiply and replenish the 
land.'' He was the father of eighteen children, most of 
whom he reared, and they are scattered in every direction, 
carrying out the Divine injunction. This Biblical injunc- 
tion, "Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, 
and subdue it," is not obeyed in these days of higher civili- 
zation as much as in the honest days of olden times. 

The grand work of rebuilding tihe bleeding South and pro- 
tecting her noble and dear womanhood still goes on. The 
basic walls of Xo.rthem hate are undermining. The better 
class of iSTorthem citizenship are showiui? their admiration 
for the nobility and brave men of the South, whofse eflFort? 
have been unrelenting in the defence of thoir civilizntion ai\d 
the honor of their homes and denr onrs. But mnnv of her 
politicians continue to flirt the red ?h\rt and prevent the 



254 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

healing of the wound, that they may retain power. Victory 
will yet come. 

Samuel J. Tilden was elected in 1876 President of the 
United States by the Southern and Northern Democrats 
over E. B. Hayes, the Republican nominee. But the Radi- 
cal politicians of the North refused to permit them to reap 
the benefit of their great victory. Their greed for power 
was too great. A great popular upheaval and revolution is 
threatened, but the cool and patriotic people of America sub- 
mitted to the mighty wrong. The insult was in time 
avenged. The immortal Z. B. Vance succeeds Judge A. S. 
Merrimon in t!he TJ. S. Senate from North Carolina March 
18, 1879, and locks hands with the gifted and scholarly 
Ransom. Our State also has in the House, with her Yeates, 
Scales, Bob Vance, Robbins, Steele, and Waddell, some of 
her bravest, ablest, most chivalrous sons. Georgia sends her 
Gordon and her Ben Hill. Mississippi sends her great 
scholar and philosopher, Lamar, and the other Southern 
States augment the brave and brainy defenders of Southern 
honor and Southern womanhood, who by their consummate 
ability, courage and eloquence dash back, with stunning ef- 
fect, into the faces of the traducers of the honor and virtue 
of our dear Southland, their insults and vile efforts to force 
amalgamation of the races in the South. God never in- 
tended such should be, and His curses have always been and 
will always be visited on those who attempt such an impious 
deed. The 'South is still gaining friends among the better 
people of the North, and the haters are weakening. The 
horizon grows brighter and brighter as the years roll around. 




DECADE XIIL 

1880—1890. 

As we approach this epoch in our history, we find Thomas 
J. Jarvis in the governor's ohair in our capitol at Raleigh. 
He is one of the State's truest sons and a descendant of Oapt. 
John Jarvis, one of the State's brave and gallant officers in 
the mighty struggle of 1776-'82. The Legislature of the 
State is still in the control of her loyal sons. The last of 
the judges belched up by the evolution of reconstruction are 
numbered among the things of the past, stripped of power. 
The elegant and profound jurist, W. N. H. Smith, is Chief 
Justice, in place of Richmond M. Pearson, who was learned 
in the law but who in that awful hour during Governor Hol- 
den's reign of terror and lawlessness, when Holden was im- 
prisoning honorable citizens of the State to gratify his 
venom and passion, application was made to Chief Justice 
Pearson for the enforcement of the great writ of habeas 
corpus, he quacked out that the writ of liberty was suspended 
and "the judiciary was exhausted." We had returned to the 
rule inaugurated by the fathers, of the Superior Court judges 
rotating, by riding a different district each term. R. B. 
.Hayes is still usurping the seat of Samuel J. Tilden as Presi- 
dent of the United States. The Republican politicians are 
still waiving the bloody shirt and trying to keep open the 
half-healed wounds of former days. Hot debates in Con- 
gress break out at times like young volcanoes. In 1881 
James A. Garfield, a Republican, but a great and humane 
man, was swoni in as President of the United States and 
called around him as members of his cabinet strong and con- 
servative members of his party. The South breathed easier 
and was more 'hopeful. The National Republican party 
was on the eve of dissolution. Imperialism had been the 
dream of many of the leaders of that party. Garfield did 
not belong to that school. The dreamers of absolute power 
were in the minority, and their hopes were dissipated. The 



256 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

President quickly began the work of civil service reform. 
But the American people were soon to be robbed of their 
victory, for on July 1, 1881, he was cowardly assassinated 
in Washington by a mad man. Ohester A. Arthur was in- 
augurated September 20, 1881, as President. 

In the State House of Representatives Hertford is still rep- 
resented by a Republican. Col. Geo. H. Mitchell, the member 
in 1883, lived in Winton. He was a kind and good-hearted 
man, and his Republicanism was always a surprise to his coun- 
trymen. During the days of reconstruction he and two others 
were arrested and lodged in prison by order of a military 
Brevet in 1865, for whipping a negro girl. In 1867 Gov- 
ernor Holden appointed him colonel of the militia in Hert- 
ford, and he allied his fortunes with the followers of Holden. 
He has been thrice married. His first wife was the eldest 
daughter of Luke McGloughon, of this county. His second 
wife was* Jesse B. Vann's widow, and sister to his first wif^. 
His third wife was James Northcott's widow, by whom he 
had no children. He is again a gay widower and looking 
out for his fourtk He has two sons living in the county 
by his second marriage — ^Dr. Jesse H. Mitchell, of Ahoskie, 
an able physician and strong Democrat, and Arthur Mitch- 
ell, of Ahoekie, another Democrat. 

For the first time since reconstruction the noble little 
county of Hertford in 1884 became tired and weary of not 
being represented in the House of Representatives in her 
State by one of her brave and gallant Democrats. She put 
forth a powerful effort and elected by a majority of 65 her 
able and polished young attorney, Robert W. Winbome, of 
Murfreesboro. Young Winbome was in his 24th year, but 
he served in the session of 1885 with marked ability. His 
ability and well-trained mind soon won for him laurels in 
that deliberative body. He had graduated with distinction 
at the University of the State in the Class of 1881, obtained 
his license to practice law in February, 1883, and settled in 
Murfreesboro and formed a partnership with his brother, 



Decade XIII.— 1880-1890. 257 

the author, and they practiced law under the firm name of 
Winborne & Bro. He was very popular, pleasant in his 
manners, well-versed in the principles of the law, apt in their 
application, and smooth, attractive and convincing in his 
arguments before the jury. He married, November 24, 
1887, the beautiful Dora M. Merrifield, of Valpariso, Indi- 
ana, youngest daughter of Judge Thomas J. Merrifield of 
that State, and by her had two children — ^Boger M. and 
Robert W. Winborne, Jr. In 1891 he moved with his family 
to Buena Vista, Rockbridge County, Va. In 1897-^98 he 
was one of the Representatives from that county in the 
House of Delegates of Virginia. In 1903 he was a candi- 
date for the Democratic nomination as one of the delegates 
from Rockbridge to the Constitutional Convention of Vir- 
ginia, Hon. Henry St. George Tucker being his opponent 
for the nomination. After a protracted balloting, a dark 
horse was nomin^ated. He was one of the leading attorneys 
in his adopted county. For a number of years he was Com- 
monwealth Attorney in Buena Vista. His wife, who was a 
most talented woman, died January 21, 1900. On Febru- 
ary 3, 1903, he married the stately and accomplished Rosa 
Vaughan, of Murfreesboro, N". C, the fifth daughter of the 
late Col. Uriah Vaughan. They resided in Buena Vista 
until the year 1904, when he moved with his family to 
Roanoke, Va,, where he is enjoying a very lucrative law 
practice. He was bom October 2, 1861, and was the second 
son of Maj. S. D. Winborne and his wife, of Hertford 
County. He was educated at Buckhom Academy and took 
his degree of A. B. at the University of the State in 1881. 
Young Winborne declined a re-nomination and applied him- 
self strictly to his profession. He was succeeded in 1887 by 
E. T. Snipe©, a Republicaa, of the Menola section. Mr. 
Snipes was a planter with strong Quaker proclivities. We 
have spoken of him before. He still lives and is a worthy 
and reliable citizen. He is not an educated man, but he is 
utilizing his means in trying to educate his children. He 

17 



258 History of Hertford County, IS. C. 

now has two of his sons at the University at Chapel Hill, 
who are taking a good sitand among the best students. They 
will reflect credit and honor on the old father and mother, 
who are making the sacrifice and effort to give them such 
excellent advantages. Would that all the parents would do 
likcAvise. 

In 1889 the Democrats are again triumphant in the elec- 
tion, anxi send James L. Anderson, of Winton, to the House. 
Mr. Anderson Avas the son of the late John A. Anderson, who 
figured so prominently in the Whig party in the county 
before its dissolution. Mr. Anderson was a deformed man, 
caused by a fall when an infant, but he had a strong and 
clear intellect. He was educated before the Civil War at 
the University at Chapel Hill, to which institution he was 
devoted throughout life. He was re-elected in 1890. The 
following year his liealth began to fail, and he died. He 
was too unwell to ser\^e in the session of 1891. 

Lt W. P. Shaw, of whom we have written, served in the 
Senate from the First Senatorial District as a Democrat, in 
the sassions of 1887 and 1889, and was a safe and prudent 
legislator, serving on some of the most important committees. 

In 1880 Maj. John W. Moore, of Pitch Landing, who had 
been a conspicuous citizen of the county for twenty-five 
years or more, had published his most excellent Hisitory of 
North Carolina from 1584 to 1876, in two volumes. This 
history is far superior to any history of the State that has 
ever been published. He was the son of Dr. Godwin C. 
Moore and wife, Julia Wheeler. His paternal and maternal 
ancesti-y had been for generations people of great refinement 
and culture. Major Moore graduated at Chapel Hill in 
June, 1853, and in September of tliat year iie married Miss 
Anne J. Ward, of this county, who was the first and only 
graduate at the C. B. F. Institute in July, 1853. She was 
the daughter of James Ward and wife Anne, who was the 
daughter of James Jones III, of Pitch Landing. When Mr. 
Jones moved South he sold the old ancestral home of the 



Decade XIIL— 1880-1890. 259 

James Joneses to his son-in-law, James Ward, who moved 
there from Bertie to live. Miss Ward when she married 
young Moore was very wealthy. The young barrister, who 
had obtained his law license, bought the tract of land near 
the Borough, just back of the C. B. F. Institute, where Jef- 
ferson Davis Gatling resides, and built a magnificent South- 
em mansion on that beautiful site overlooking the town, and 
moved there to live in 1855 and opened his law office in Mur- 
freesboro in the same year. Moore was cultured and liter- 
ary, handsome and with pleasing manners. He was a Demo- 
crat in politics like his father, and this being a Whig county 
and in a Whig district, he was never elected to office, though 
often a candidate before the people for Congress and other 
high and important positions. He was elector on the Breck- 
enridge and Lane ticket in 1860, which was elected in the 
State. He served in the Confederate Army <as Major of the 
3d Battalion of Artillery. During the war his beautiful 
home near Murfreesboro was destroyed by fire, with his valu- 
able furniture and a goodly part of his valuable library. 
His family lived in a small house in the yard until after the 
dose of the conflict. On his return home he moved with his 
family to his wife's farm in the lower end of the county, 
near Powellsville,, in Bertie County, where he has since re- 
sided. This home was the ancestral home of the James 
Joneses, and has been in tlie family for nearly 200 years. 
Maj. James Wright Moore, his brother, and a gallant soldier 
of the Confederacy, fell dead in 1862. In 1881 Major 
Moore had published his most interesting volume, "The 
Heirs of St. Kilda," a beautiful story of the Southern past. 
In 1882 he published his school history of IsTorth Carolina, 
aixd also his Roster of North Carolina Troops in the Civil 
War of 1861-'65, in four volumes. By his historic writings 
he has built a monument to the glory of his State more last- 
ing and more beneficial than the deeds of those who have 
held high offices. When the Inferior Court was established 



260 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

in the county in 1877 be was elected its chairman, which 
oflSce he filled with ability and great satisfaction to bis 
people. For a likeness of Major Moore, see beginning of 
Decade XI. 

Hertford has always been able to boast of her historians. 
In 1901, Denny Worthington, the son of Dr. R. K Worth- 
ington, of the Borough, contributed to the literature of his 
State 'The Broken Sword,^' a pictorial page in reconstruc- 
tion, which he dedicated to the daughters of the confederacy, 
whose fathers had followed the Southern Cross. Worthing- 
ton came to the Hertford bar about 1870, but after a few 
years moved to Windsor, Bertie County, and married the 
widow Mebane, daughter of Col. S. J. Wheeler, late of Hert- 
ford County, and who won his renown in the bloody battle 
of Mt. Tabor, when in the imagination the earth was cov- 
ered with the dead bodies of Union soliders, and the waters 
of the noble Potecasi Creek was running red with their blood, 
notwithstanding no one was hurt and no damage was done, 
except a cabbage cart distributed its cargo along the road 
from Hill's Bridge to Murfreesboro, and the horses of the 
gallant band were soon windless from the speedy retreat from 
the ghost of Banquo. 

In 1880, Joseph J. Jordan, of Winton, brother of our 
present William Jordan of that place, succeeded John Sharp 
as Sheriff of the county. Mr. Jordan had only a limited ed- 
ucation, but had been successful in business enterprises. The 
Republicans still had a safe majority in the county, but the 
Democrats had made white Republicanism in the South so 
odious, that many whites who had been affiliating with the 
negroes and scalawags for oflSce, were becoming ashamed of 
their associations. They felt the just indignation of the 
white women and their decent white fellow-citizens, and 
many were seeking a way to get into the Democratic ranks. 
Neither of the political parties made any nomination this 
year for the oiffice of sheriff. The Democratic committee 



Decade XIII.— 1880-1890. 261 

quietly got Jordan to declare himself an independent candi- 
date for sheriff. Soon thereafter James H. Matthews, of 
Winton, also, declared himself an indepeaident candidate for 
the same oflSce. Both had been life-long Democrats and 
true to their race since Eeoonstruction times. Both were 
seeking in this fight for Republican votes, and they were 
timid in declaring their political dogmas. During the cam- 
paign the county candidates met in Murfreeeboro to address 
the people. Jordan and Matthews were on hand dodging 
on the outskirts of the assembled crowd. When the nomi- 
nees concluded their speeches, the voters vociferously called 
for Jordan and Matthews. Matthews made his escape and 
declined to declare his colors. Jordan finally mounted the 
platform, with the promise of the writer that he would stand 
bohind him and tell him what to say. He was to repeat 
wha/t the writer uttered from behind, which he did, to the 
great amusement of his hearers. Here is the speech : "Fel- 
low Citizens : I am a candidate for the oflSoe of Sheriff. If 
I am elected I will fill the office to the best of my ability. I 
am a Democrat, Where is my opponent? What is his 
politics? Come up here Matthews (in a very loud voice), 
ding your soul, (a common expression of Jordan) and tell 
these people what are your politics." Matthews did not 
show up and Jordan was elected by a handsome majority. 
The negroes refused to vote for Jordan because he declared 
himself a Democrat, and refused to vote for Matthews be- 
cause he would not get up and declare himself a Republican. 
We Democrats worked every ingenuous plan that our minds 
could suggest to secure the election of the white man's can- 
didates. The writer led the brave Democratic hosts in the 
county for many years in their battles against Southern 
radicalism. He was much criticised as being the king, the 
ruler, the ring-leader, by those who were ready to accept office 
at the hands of the negroes, but were deterred from joining 
that party by the brave and bold stand of that noble and 



262 History of Hertfobd County, N. C. 

immortal band of loyal Democrats who contested every elec- 
tion as if the life of the Republic depended upon their efforts. 

Jordan was re-elected in 1882. He died in the 14th 
decade, leaving one child, Etta, who now lives with her 
aunt, Mrs. A. I. Parker, in Winton. In 1884 he was suc- 
ceeded as Sheriff by James S. Mitchell, a Democrat, and 
son of our worthy citizen, W. W. Mitchell, of whom we have 
written. Mitchell made a good and efficient officer. 

The old bachelor and Christian gentleman and Democrat, 
Wm. J. Gatling, of Harrellsville, who entered the Clerk's 
office in 1872, still Jiolds forth, and Maj. W. L. Daniel, 
another good Democrat, presides with great efficiency in the 
office of Register of Deeds from 1882-'90. A kind Provi- 
dence seemed to be favoring us. The Republicans would 
almost invariably elect their candidate© at the polls, but 
their blunders often lost them the fruit of their victories. 
We recall one of their blunders in those trying days that re- 
sulted in seating the Democratic candidates. The Republi- 
can poll-holders in St. John's precinct, in making out their 
election returns at that voting precinct, did not write out the 
number of votes their candidates received, as the law re- 
quired. To illustrate, they returned as follows. Smith being 
the Democrat and Jones the Republican: 

Smith received one hundred votes. 

Jones " " " and ninety votes. 

The returning board only allowed Jones ninety votes. It 
is said that the Republicans who made out that return have 
never made a ditto mark since, and declare to-day that it is 
unla\vful to make a ditto mark. 

The cold hand of death has not failed to touch some of 
our most worthy citizens. Dr. Godwin C. Moore is taken in 

1880. The good and greatly beloved Rev. Archibald Mc- 
Dowell, the President of the C. B. F. Institute, succumbs in 

1881, and leaves his grand and noble wife, Mary Owen, 
surviving him, with several children — ^Dr. W. O. McDowell, 



Decade XIIL— 1880-1890. 263 

and Archer McDowell, now of Scotland IN'eck; Sallie, the 
late wife of Maj. John B. Keal, of Halifax County; Ruth, 
the wife of D. A. Day, of Murfreeeboro, and Eunice, an 
highly educated and worthy daughter, who is devoting her 
life to teaching. Wm. Vaughan, near Murf reesboro, falls in 
1884, and he is followed in 1885 by that courteous gentle- 
man of Maney's IN'eck, Captain William J. Majette, who was 
Captain in the Home Guard during the late Civil War. 
Then follows the energetic Joseph IN'ewsome, near Winton, 
in 1886, and the bright and cheerful D. V. Sessoms, of 
Pitch Landing, in 1888, and others whom we do not now 
recall. 

In 1884, the closing year of the first quarter of the second 
century of the county's existence, finds the Southern people 
rejoicing as in olden times. At the N^ovember election the 
Democrats North and South succeeded in electing that great 
man, Grover Cleveland, of Ifew York, President of the 
United States, and on March 4, 1885, he takes the oath of 
office and enters upon the duties of his great office. Thomas 
A. Hendricks, of Indiana, is also elected by the Democrats 
Vice-President. The hearts of the noble women of the 
South pulsate with indescribable joy and they sing praises to 
the brave and untiring efforts, for years, of the loyal sons of 
the beautiful Soutihland. Honest and fearless Cleveland 
calls around him in his cabinet some of the country's truest 
and ablest statesmen, such as Thos. F. Bayard, of Delaware ; 
Daniel Manning, of New York ; Lucius Q. C. Lamar, of Mis- 
sissippi ; W. C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; W. C. Whitney, 
of New York ; W. F. Vilas, of Wisconsin, and Augustus H. 
Garland, of Arkansas. With this band of patriots in charge 
the country is safe and they move placidly on in the patriotic 
work of cleansing the political household, reforming the 
abuses of power, breaking down sectionalism, bringing to- 
gether the North and the South, and extending the right- 




HisTOKT OF Heetfoed Codnty, N. C. 

hand of fellowship and plant- 
ing fiowera in the South in- 
stead of placing crowns of 
thorns on the heads of its 
pure and lovely women, and 
spears through the hearts of 
its sons. The President hon- 
ors the South in making his 
appointments to office. He 
honors North Carolina in 
many instances, and honors 
Hertford County in the ap- 
pointment of her chivalrous son, Thomas R Jemigan, as 
Consul of the United States to Japan, Such was the crown- 
ing glory of the long, heroic and hitter stru^lee of the loyal 
whites of our Southland for twenty long years. We had 
won the admiration of a vast number of our Northern fellow 
citizens. True courage, noble and pure womanhood, and 
lofty and brave manhood will always in the end receive its 
wreath of flowers and the love of mankind. The lower 
House of Congress is, also. Democratic, but the Senate is 
Republican, and while Democratic principles cannot be en- 
acted into law, yet no harm can he done the South. 

Now, as we look back over the pages of the decades since 
1860, we grow pale and awe-stricken. Beneath the grandeur 
and beauty of 1860 we see our fair land painted with the 
blood of her noblest sons, we see our homes reduced to ashes, 
our fathers and mothers bending and groaning under the 
weight of care and hardships, and our beautiful young 
women opening the sacred trunks where the sacred garments 
of mother, grandmothers, and other dear ones have been 
stored aWay as mementos of the departed dead, to secure 
clothing for themselves. The greatest war known to the 
world has been fought on our Somthem soil, and after four 
years of bloodshed and desolation it ended. Slavery an in- 
stitution as old as the government, has been abolished, and 



Decade XIIL— 1880-1890. 265 

we thank God for that. We see the horrors of Reeonstruc- 
tion, and the unholy effort to force social equality between 
the white sons and daughters of the South with the ex-slaves. 
We see county offices in the possession of the untutored ne- 
gro men. We also find them on the bench, in the legislative 
halls of the States, and also in both Houses of Congress. 
We find them also presiding as Governors in some of the 
Southern States. We hear that the Great Writ of Liberty 
is suspended and the Chief JTustice of our State crying out, 
"the judiciary is exhausted." We see the Governor im- 
peached for high crimes in office. We witness the gradual 
overthrow of Carpet Bagism in the State and in the South. 
We behold the slow re-habilitation of the South and its 
people. We witness and engage in the mightiest struggles 
in modern times of a brave and noble people to rise up and 
shake off the incubus of misrule and shame, and throw 
around their homes and their pure women the impenetrable 
shield of honor and brave manhood. And we rejoiced in 
the grand climax in the election of 1884. 

FBEEMANS BEVERIiYS. 

The diseases of which the human flesh is heir to have been 
successfully baffled for years by Murfreesboro's senior phy- 
sician. Dr. William G. Freeman. He was born August 19, 
1840, in Bertie County, and was educated at the neighbor- 
hood schools and at Wake Forest College. After leaving 
Wate Forest College he began the study of medicine at the 
University of Virginia and completed his course of study at 
the Medical University of Pennsylvania, where he graduated 
with honors in 1861. His patriotic impulses caused him to 
enlist in 1862 as a private in the Sussex Light Dragoons of 
Virginia, which was Company H, 13th Va. Confederate 
Cavalry. He braved the fate of battle until 1864, when he 
was seriously wounded. After returning to the ranks he 
was captured at Apperville and held as a prisoner of war, 
but was shortly exchanged and allowed to return to his com- 



266 History of Hertford County, X. C. 

mand; he, in the spring of 1864, applied for and obtained 
from the army medical examining board a commission as 
Assistant Army Surgeon, which position he held in different 
hospitals until the end of the conflict. In January, 1866, 
he located at Union, in Hertford, to practice his profession. 
In 1868 he removed to Harrellsville, where he practiced his 
profession with great success. On February 25, 1869, the 
Doctor married the beautiful and intellectual Miss Lucy T. 
Boone, of Northampton. In 1874 he moved with his bright 
and attractive young wife to Murfreesboro to live, where he 
has since and is still engaged in baffling the ills of the flesh 
and restoring the sick to health. Doctor is the son of John 
Freeman, who was Sheriff of Bertie County for about 
tvUbntj years just prior to 1850, and was a man of a large 
estate, and one of the largest land-owners in the county. He 
was twice married. His first wife and the mother of his 
children was Sarah King, of Bertie. Gates was his native 
county, where he was bom in 1801, but after his marriage he 
moved to Bertie, where he resided until 1856. His wife 
died August 26, 1852, leaving surviving two sons and one 
daughter. The sons were Dr. William George Freeman, 
and James P. Freeman. Their daughter was Mary E. Free- 
man. Sheriff Freeman, in 1854, married Annie Smith, of 
Norfolk, Va., and in 1856 he moved to Norfolk, where he re- 
sided until his death in 1865. Sheriff Freeman by his last 
marriage had two daughters, Sallie and Julia. The former 
married W. F. Bynum, son of W. T. Bynum and his Stal- 
lings wife, of Maney's Neck, but now of Richmond, Va. 
Julia married W. A. Perrv, the faithful Constable and Tax 
Collector at Harrellsville, and son of the old Public Register, 
W. J. Perry. Dr. William G. Freeman's wife was the 
daughter of Mr. William Boone and wife Julith Boone, nee 
Deanes, of Northampton. Mrs. Boone was the daughter of 
the old Sheriff and legislator of Hertford, Thomas Deanes, 
of whom we have written. William Boone, and the late 
Chief Justice William T. Faircloth were kin. John Boone, 



Decade XIIL— 1880-1890. 267 

the father of William Boone and the mother of Judge Fair- 
cloth, were half brother and sister. Dr. Freeman's son, 
Greorge, married Carrie Hart, of Emporia, Va., the grand- 
daughter of Dred Hart, of Southampton County, Va., who 
married a Suitor, of IKTorthampton. Mrs. Dr. Freeman's 
paternal grandmother was Lucy Tyner, daughter of Nicholas 
Tyner, Jr., of Northampton County, by his first marriage. 
We cannot ascertain his wife's maiden name, but we learn 
from O'Dwyer's diary of 1824 that Nicholas Tyner's wife 
died September 29, 1824. Mr. Tyner was the son of Wil- 
liam Tyner and grandson of Nicholas Tyner, Sr., of Dobbs 
County, who took out a patent for a large tract of land on 
the Meherrin River, from the Lords Proprietors in 1724. He 
conveyed 640 acres of this land January 12, 1761, to his 
son, William Tyner, of Northampton County. William Ty- 
ner's other children were Drew, Mary, Sarah, Priscilla, Mil- 
dred, Arthur, and William. Lucy Tyner's sister, Lucretia, 
married Etheldred Peebles, an ancestor of Judge R. B. 
Peebles. O'Dwyer also tells that in September, 1824, Tur- 
ner Peebles' daughter m<aTried a Stancell. 

Mrs. Dr. Freeman is the sister of Thomas D. Boone, the 
Clerk of the Superior Court of Hertford. Dr. Freeman and 
wife have only one child living. He is George King Free- 
m'an, the efficient railroad agent at Conway, N. C. Mrs. Dr. 
Freeman is regarded as one of the best read and most schol- 
arly women in the State. 

Dr. Freeman's brother, James P. Freeman, lives at Union 
and has for a number of years been one of the county's prin- 
cipal officer^. For years after the war he and his brother-in- 
law, George W. Beverly, conducted successfully a mercantile 
business at Union under the firm name of Beverly & Free- 
man. He was one of the County Commissioners for several 
years and later served the county as her Register of Deeds, 
an office which he resigned in 1905. 

Note. — Nicholas Tyner on April 1, 1707, conveyed to William Wil- 
liams 300 acres of land on which Sarah Sowells lived. 



268 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

In 1867 lie marri©(i Mary E. Wliite, of Bertie, and by 
tLis marriage he reared one son, John Freeman, now of 
Union, and one daughter, Lila, "who first married John Eley, 
of Union. Since hisi death she married, in 1905, Dr. J. H. 
Mitchell, of Ahoskie. 

Sheriff Freeman's daughter, Mary E., married about 1858 
George W. Beverly, of Hertford County, the son of Allen 
Beverly, and grandson of Benj. Beverly, of St John's. The 
Beverly's hiave been among Hertford's prominent people for 
over 150 years. They were amo^ng the earliest settlers of 
Ahoskie Ridge. Mr. Geo. W. Beverly served his county in 
many official positions, as will be seen by a reference to the 
list of officers in the back of the volume. He died several 
years ago. Benj. F. Beverly, his brother, resides near 
Union, and is a substantial planter and worthy citizen. He 
married Abner Harrell's daughter by his last marriage. A. 
Bascom Beverly, the younger brother, is a prosperous mer- 
chant and planter in Florida. Geo. W. Beverly left no issue. 

Rev. Joseph E. Carter, the late eloquent Baptist divine, so 
well known throughout the State and the other Southern 
States, was a Murfreesboro boy. Hertford has had no son 
who reflected more renown and finer character than this man. 
He was bom in Murfreesboro February 6, 1836, and in his 
early manhood he was attracted to the study of the law. He 
first read law under the late Chief Justice W. IST. H. Smith 
in his native town, then continued his study of the law at the 
law school of the late Chief Justice Pearson, and from there 
he applied for and obtained his license from the Supreme 
Court about 1857. He only continued on Hertford's roll of 
attorneys but a few years. On January 30, 1859, he closed 
his law office and decided to become a minister of the gospel. 
He was a brilliant young man, but had been a little wild and 
dissipated in his habits, and his sudden change from the 
legal profession to the pulpit wais somewhat a surprise. But 
it was one of those irresistable changes in one's life that was 
brought about by divine power. He at once entered the 



Decade XIIL— 1880-1890. 269 

Theological Department of the Union University of Mur- 
freesboro, Tenn., 'and frMn that inatitution he received hia 
degree of graduation June 16, 1861, and on June 30 was 
formally ordained to the ministry in his native town. He 
administered the ordinance for the first time in Meherrin 
River at his native town on the following 15th of Septem- 
ber. During this month he moved to West Tennessee and 
began his great career as an eloquent, able, forcible and pro- 
found expounder of the teach- 
ings of our Lord, the great 
Saviour of human souls. On 
May 14, 1862, he married 
Miss Priacilla Burton, of 
I Murfreesboro, Tenn., a grand- 
( daughter of Col. Hardy Mur- 
free, and settled there to live 
in August, 1862, serving as 
pastor of one of the Baptist 
churcheB of that place. In 

i PBISC1LI.A BUKTON. ;^gg3 ]^g „gg ^^ycd fo tbc paS" 

torate of the churcii in Rome, (>a. At various times he 
served the principal churchee in Tennessee, Georgia, Ken- 
tucky and Alabama as pastor, up to January, 1880, when he 
was called to Wilson, N. C, where he remained two years 
and accepted a call at Hendersonville, N, C, and was pastor 
of the Baptist church at that place until 1885, when he be- 
came the editor of the Western N. C. Baptist, and when this 
paper became coBBolidated with the Biblical Recorder, in 

1888, he remained the western editor of the Recorder until 
his death, February 24, 1889, at his mountain home, in his 
53d year. His remains were brought to his native town and 
interred by the side of his parents and sisters, March 1, 

1889, in the presence of a large concourse of people, friends, 
kindred, old schoolmates, who knew his life, his renown, 
all of whom loved and cherished him. Several of his old 
friends and classmates spoke eloquently of this good and 




270 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

gifted and saintly man at the grave. He was not only a true 
Christian man and a powerful and effective pulpit orator, 
but a fluent and forcible writer. He was a great contributor 
to the Baptist church literature. In 1875, while as pastor 
in Lebanon, Ky., he wrote and had published a brief but 
valuable treatise on "Baptists and Higher Liberty," showing 
the leading part the Baptists took in all the struggles for 
lieligious and civil liberty. And again, in October, 1883, 
he wrote and had published another book, titled "Distinctive 
Baptist Principles." His writings are of the clearest style, 
and logical, strong and convincing. He left his impress in 
the hearts of many people. He was tall and thin, energetic 
and untiring. He put his whole soul and strength in his 
work. His motto seemed to be^ — 

" Live while you live; Life calls for all your powers ; 
This instant day your utmost strength demands. 
He who wastes himself, who stops to watch the sands 
And, miser-like, hoard up the golden hours/' 

His parents were Perry Carter and Priscilla Carter, nee 
Warren, of Southampton County, Va., daughter of Col. 
Etheldred Warren. His mother was the sister of Martha, the 
wife of Elisha Winborne. Mr. Perry Carter was a man of 
great energy and a thrifty business man and large property 
holder. The beautiful old ancestral home still stands on the 
comer of Main street and Seminary Ave., v/ell preserved, 
and is now the home of Rev. Carter's only living sister. 
Miss Ellen V. Carter, and his niece. Miss Priscilla W. Wil- 
liamson. His parents died a few years after the close of the 
Civil War. His wife, who survived him, died a few years 
ago. His daughter married Prof. John E. Ray, of Raleigh, 
N. C. His sons are living in the Northwest. His cousin, 
Edw. J. Carter, to whom he was so much attached in his 
younger days, was killed in battle in 1863, while a soldier 
in the Confederate army. Edward was the son of his uncle, 
Eley Carter, of his native town, and his wife Mary the 



Decade XIII.— 1880-1890. 271 

daughter of Edw. Murphy, of the same to^vn. They were 
married April 20, 1824. Mrs. Wm. J. Eehols, widow of 
the late Wm. J. Echols, a wealthy merchant and banker 
in Fort Smith, Ark., was also his cousin. Mr. Eley Carter, 
after the death 6f his first wife, m-arried Miss Martha Trader, 
of his town, and she is the mother of Mrs. Echols, Mrs. E. F. 
Rice and J. A. Carter, of Murfreesboro, of John Carter of 
Ifewport News, Va., and of Dodge and Tom Bragg Carter, 
of Memphis, Tenn- T. Jefferson Deanes, the old coach 
maker and the father of our W. D. Deaneis, was married 
twice, and each time married the sister of Eley and Perry 
Carter. W. D. Deanes, our housebuilder and contractor, mar- 
ried Jforma I., the daughter of the late Benj. Spiers, of the 
Boro, who was for a long time the steward of the Chowan 
Baptist Female Institute. 

A. B. Adkins, of Bethlehem, near old Pitch Landing, de- 
serves to be noticed as one of the untiring and zealous friends 
of the Chowan Baptist Female Institute, and of education. 
While he has no issue of his own, he takes the place of a 
father of several needy and worthy young girls, and has 
them educated at the above institution of learning. He was 
very active in raising by voluntary contribuUion, money to 
aid in the construction of the recent additions to the main 
building of that institution. He is the son of Thomas Ad- 
kins and wife, who was the daughter of Maj. W. P. Britton. 
The late Wade H. Adkins, of Murfreesboro, was his uncle, 
and Thomais and Wade were sons of David Adkins and his 
wife, who was a Miss Bullock, of Edgecombe County. 



Note — Bore and Borough refer to Murfreesboro. 



DECADE XIV. 

1890—1900. 

The begiimiiig of this deoade finds the country tranquil 
and in peace. Daniel G. Fowle, of Wake, is still the Chief 
Executive of the State. Hon. A. S. Merrimon had succeeded 
Chief Justice Smith in that high oflS^ce. At the head of the 
United States Government sat Benjamin Harrison, of Indi- 
ana, as President. Hon. Thomas G. Skinner is in Congress 
from the First District, and in the U. S. Senate from North 
Carolina sit the great statesman M. W. Ransom and the 
matchless commoner Z. B. Vance. No State was represented 
in Congress by abler men. In the State Senate from the 
First District are P. H. Morgan, of Currituck, and James 
Parker, of Gates, both Democrats. In the House was the 
wide-awake little James L. Anderson. The legislature and 
all the State offices were under the control of the Democrats. 
But these quiet days were soon to be followed by a little gale 
in the United States, and a storm in the State. Such dis- 
turbances generally follow a calm. In 1891 our Governor 
Fowle dies, and Thomas M. Holt takes the oath of Governor. 
The U. S. Government gets in trouble with the Italian Gov- 
ernment, on account of mob violence in New Orleans, where 
the Italians of that city had become so extremely obnoxious 
to the Americans, by their secret organization, the Mafia 
Society, where doctrines wholly unamerican were taught. 
Some of its lawless members were suspected of committing 
great outrages in the city, and of killing the Chief of Police 
of that city. Sufficient evidence could not be obtained to 
convict, and the people were so exasperated that a mob broke 
open the jail, and eleven of the Italians were put to death. 
The Italians in America and the Italian Government took 
serious offense at such treatment of their fellow countrymen, 
and that war between the Italian and the United States gov- 
ernments was barely avoided. The United States and the 



Decade XIV.— 1890-1900. 273 

Republic of Ohili, also, became involved in trouble. The 
Republic of Chili V7as having some domestic trouble. Those 
opposing the existing government were known as the Con- 
gressionalists. They needed arms and ammunition for car- 
rying on the insurrection against their government. They 
secured a steamer belonging to the South American Steam- 
ship Company, to take on a load of arms and other ammuni- 
tion of war at one of the Pacific ports of the United States, 
to take over to Chili for the insurgents. The TJ. S. Grovem- 
ment ordered that the ship be not allowed to leave her waters 
with the cargo, and an officer was placed on the steamer to 
guard same. One night the crew on the steamer put the 
officer oil in a small boat and sent him ashore, and sailed at 
once for her destiniation. This affair came near causing the 
United States to enter the domestic troubles of the little 
Republic of Chili and force both contending factions to 
behave themselves and cease their unjust and barbaric strife. 
In 1891, the people of Hertford became desirous of a 
change in her courts. The Inferior Court had become un- 
popular in the county, for the reason that to make a court 
efficient it should be presided over by a judge trained in the 
law. So the legislature of 1891 abolished the Inferior Court 
of Hertford and established in its stead a Criminal Court of 
Record, and required that the presiding officer should possess 
the same qualifications as a judge of the Superior Court. 
The act creating the court gave it full criminal jurisdiction 
except over capital cases. The author was induced by his 
people to surrender a lucrative criminal practice to accept the 
judgeship of the new court at a small salary, but was allowed 
to keep up his civil practice, and to practice in other courts. 
In 1893 the General Assembly gave the Criminal Court of 
Hertford full and complete criminal jurisdiction, with the 
right of appeal to the Supreme Court from the rulings of the 
judge on questions of law; and required that the judge 
should be commissioned by the Grovemor of the State as other 
judges of courts of record. 

18 



274 History of Hebtfobd County, N. 0. 

Blount Ferguson, the member of the Board of County 
Commissioners from Maney's Neck from 1890-'92, is a sober 
and thoughtful citizen. He had before and since then served 
his people in local offices and has the respect and confidence 
of those who know him. He is a farmer. He was bom July 
27, 1850, and received a business education at the Buckhorn 
Academy in his native county. His father, Joshua Fergu- 
son, married in 1842 Catherine Gatling, of the Buckhorn 
section, a cousin of Dr. Richard J. Gatling. Joshua Fergu- 
son was a substantial and highly respected citizen. He was 
murdered about 1861 by one of his slaves, and his body 
burned in a pile of logs. The writer remembers the shock- 
ing news of his death and the several days search for the 
absent man. The negro was caught and hanged. His son 
Blount married Julia Gilliam, of Mississippi, in 1872. He 
lives at the home of his father and previously the home of 
Henry L. Williams, the old merchant and magistrate, and 
grandfather of Mrs. T. E. Vann. 

W. T. Brown, the chairman of the Board of County Com- 
missioners from 1890 to 1896, was a farmer, and lived near 
Murfreesboro at the home of Wm. Dunning, who purchased 
it from Thomas Barnes before he moved to Florida in 1847. 
Mr. Brown moved to this county from Bertie and married 
Jennie, the daughter of Mr. Dunning, by whom he reared 
one son, Wm. D. Brown, of this county, and one daughter, 
Grace, who married J. P. HoUoman, of Rich Square. After 
her death he married Ida, daughter of John E. Maget, of 
Northampton. By this marriage he reared two sons, Thos. 
E. and Archer Brown, and one daughter, Bettie. Mr. Brown 
died June 5, 1904. His widow, her two sons, and daughter, 
reside at the homestead. Thos. E. Brown graduated at 
Wake Forest College in 1902, and taught school in Elizabeth 
City one year, and is now the Superintendent of Public In- 
struction in the county. He was bom March 17, 1881, and 
married, January 10, 1906, Miss Martha Broadus Farrar, 
of Culpepper County, Va. 



Decade XIV.— 1890-1900. 275 

J. T. Williams was a meanber of the Board of Commission- 
ers from Harrellsville from 1894 to 1896. He was bom 
February, 1851, his father being Rev. B. B. Williams, a 

Baptist divine, and his wife Elizabeth, the daughter of 

Harrell. Mr. Williams has followed the mercantile pursuits 
since manhood and is an energetic business, man. In Octo- 
ber, 1892, he married Addie C, the daughter of P. BE. Me- 
Dade and wife, who was a Miss O'Donal. He is a Democrat 
in politics. Rev. Williams was the son of Oapt. Jack Wil- 
liams and wife, Mary Ward, of Bertie, and grandson of 
Francis Williams and his wife, who was the daughter of 
Benj. Brown, a Welchman. Francis was the son of Jno. 
Williams, Esq., bom March 1, 1776, and died March 30, 
1816. The ex-commissioner has a very promising nephew, 
now in the University at Chapel Hill studying medicina The 
Commissioner B. F. Williams, from 1900 to 1904, .is a 
younger brother of J. T. Williams. He and his brother Tom 
have been engaged in the mercantile business for a number 
of yeans under the firm name of Williams Bros*. Frank is a 
great wit and enjoys a good joke. He is an old bachelor, a 
successful merchant, and a favorite in his county. Their 
father, Rev. Williams, was bom August 28, 1824, and died 
January 17, 1900. John, the brother of the Divine, was 
bom May 4, 1799, and died April, 1875. 

In 1892, the Farmers' Alliance began to disturb the calm 
waters of politics in the State. It was an organization or- 
ganized several years prior ostensibly for the mutual protec- 
tion of the farmers and growers of the State. The farmers 
and those interested in securing better prices for their pro- 
ducts were in great need of organized action. All other in- 
terests were organized, except the farmer. He was left an 
easy prey to his foes, who were fixing the prices of the 
farmer's produce at which he must sell, and also fixing the 
prices of those articles that the farmer had to buy from them. 
The original idea and purpose of the Alliance was good, and 
a great number of them in the State joined, with no idea of 



276 HisTOEY OF Hertfoed County, N. C. 

aiding unscrupulous office seekers to bring shame on the 
State, and returning to power the devils of 1868, and again 
painting the banner of white siupremacy with all the horrors 
of Carpet-Bagism in those shameful days that followed Re- 
construction. Their meetings were held in secrecy, and its 
members were sworn not to reveal the doings of the Alliance. 
Soon unscrupulous politicians and office seekers obtained 
control of the Alliance and began their devilish work of de- 
struction and shame. Many of their members were dele- 
gates to the State Convention in 1892. Among these mem- 
bers were some of the men who were trying to convert this 
noble society, composed principally of many of our truest 
citizens, into a secret political organization, upon which to 
elevate themselves to power. The idea of their leaders was 
to secure enough of their men as delegates to this convention 
to control it, take charge of the Democratic party, and build 
their ignoble government on the ruins of this party of the 
people. In this they failed. Many of the Alliance men 
were honest believers in the tenets of their society as first 
organized, which were for their mutual protection in the 
markets of the world, but were unwilling to sell themselves 
to corrupt and designing men, who were simply after power 
and spoils. Failing to control the convention, Marion But- 
ler, the leader, and a number of his like, left the convention 
and called a convention of Alliance men and organized "The 
People's Party," in a convention held in Raleigh, and nomi- 
nated a full ticket in the State and counties. The Demo- 
crats nominted for Governor Elias Carr, of Edgecombe Coun- 
ty, one of the largest farmers in the State, and an ex-presi- 
dent of the Alliance, and then a member of that organization. 
The Democrats elected their State ticket and had control of 
the General Assembly of 1893, but the party was greatly 
weakened and its majority in the legislature was much re- 
duced. It was evident by the action of the Alliance mem- 
bers, in that body, that the Alliance had become a secret 
political organization, and had drifted from its noble prin- 




JUDOB B. B. WINBORNE. 



Decade XIV.— 1890-1900. 277 

ciplee. Their leaders were of the most unscrupulous office 
seekers. There was a money crisis in the country during 
this period, and the great political head of the Alliance, Ool. 
L. L. Polk, who was ambitious to be Governor of the State, 
and his successor, Marion Butler, an arch enemy of the 
people of his State, succeeded in making many of the Alli- 
ance people believe that the Democratic party was the cause 
of their ills and woes, and taught them, in ^Hhose hard times," 
to look upon the members of the Democratic party, who were 
not members of the Alliance and who did not agree with their 
extreme and passionate views, expounded by these leaders, as 
their worst enemies. So many of our good people blindly 
followed them. Strange power of influence ! We could not 
understand the magic power of these corrupt leaders. Their 
charms and fascinations seemed to be more wonderful, even, 
than Aladdin's Wonderful Lamp. Lifelong friendships were 
sundered. Men who once had our confidence and respect, now 
look upon us with suspicion and hatred. Men who had 
trusted us, and who had always found us true to our trust, 
now regarded us worse than criminals. 

In the Democratic County Convention in 1892, when the 
author, who had been a lifelong Democrat and the chairman 
of the party in the county for many years, appeared as a 
delegate to the convention from his township, the question 
was being asked in every direction by the Alliance men, 
What right has Judge Winbome to enter this convention? 
as if they constituted the Democratic party, and that I and 
all of our kind had been expelled from the party. Such 
was the result of the corrupt teachings of our plain, honest, 
and inexperienced farmers in the wiles of the corrupt and un- 
scrupulous demagogues, political hypocrits, and enemies of 
personal liberty and individual happiness. 

We elected in Hertford, in 1892, William P. Taylor, of 
Winton, to represent the county in the House in the session 
of 1893. Mr. Taylor was a staunch Democrat, and was a 
valuable member of that body, which had to deal with many 




HisTOEY OF Hebtfoed Couhtt, N. 0. 

delicate queetiong in the effort 
of the true patriots of the 
State to avert a moat horrible 
disaster to our people, Mr. 
Taylor was an old Confeder- 
ate soldier and had some expe- 
I rience in dealing with men who 
were controlled by passion. 
He was a native-bom of Hert- 
ford, and had been one of the 
author's right-bowers in the 
county for years, in fighting 
radicalism. He was the son of Maj. Hilory Taylor and 
grandson of Isaac Taylor, of the east end of the county. He 
married the daughter of "W. W. Mitchell. 

James S. Mitchell, who was put in the oflEce of Sheriff in 
1884, and who had oontinuously served in fliat office aince 
1884, allied his fortunee with that of the People's or Popu- 
list party and left his old friends and supporters. 

In the election of i894"tihe State was all excitement; the 
Eepublican and Populist parties had "fused." The Eepub- 
licans, the old enemies of the State and of good government, 
and who had written the blackest pages of its history, said to 
the leaders of the Populist Party, let us join hands, divide 
offices, and whip out our common enemy, the Democratic 
party. They wear clean linen and looJc with scorn upon ua. 
Break aloose from them and join with us and we will give yoii 
great power and make you the lords of the State. It was 
another (^ase of the spider and the fly. 

" Walk into my parlor said the apider to the fly, 
It ia the prettiest parlor you ever did spy." 

All remember the fate of the fly. 

Harry Skinner, a former Democrat, had joined the Popu- 
list party and was elected by the fusionists to Oongreaa from 
the First District, defeating the Democratic candidate, W. A, 
B. Branch, of Beaufort County; E. T,. Snipes, Republi- 



Decade XIV.— 1890-1900. 279 

can, of Hertford, and Theo. White, of Perquimans, a 
former Democrat, but a devotee of the Populist party, 
were elected in the First District to the State Senate. 
And the author was nominated by the Democrats in Hertford 
against John F. iN'ewsom, the fusion candidate. B. B. Win- 
borne received the certificate of election and was sworn in as 
Hertford's member in the House in the memorable session of 
1895 of the General Assembly. The result of the election in 
about three-fourths of the counties of the State conveyed 
sad news to the Democrats. The Republicans and Populists 
had elected a large majority of the members of each house. 
The Democrats had elected four Seniators out of 50, and 39 
out of 120 in the House. It was a thunderbolt of surprise 
to all political parties. 

Sheriff Mitchell, while his parties were so successful in the 
State, was defeated and dislodged from his ofiice by the young 
and quiet W. E. OuUen, of Harrellsville, the boy County 
Commissioner. Hertford elected at this election all of her 
county officers. The author, a few days before the election, 
resigned as judge of the Criminal Court, in order to make 
himself eligible for election. The General Assembly met in 
January, 1895. All were wild with' excitement. The seats 
of all the eastern Democrats had been, under the advice of the 
Populist leaders, contested. We appeared in Raleigh, and 
so mad were the political victors that we were told that we 
would not be allowed to be sworn in, but our seats would be 
given to our contestants without any hearing. The victors 
were drunk with the idea of power. It was a sad time for 
the State. Its political horizon began quickly to grow black 
and gloomy. The little band of the unterrified Democratic 
members, like Spartan soldiers, stood firmly at our post of 
duty. No soldiers, no patriots, and no courageous men, ever 
stood firmer and braver, and guarded the State's interests 
and welfare with more courage and devotion than did this 
little squad of intrepid Democrats in the session of 1895. 
This mad passion grew wilder as the session progressed. 



280 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

The cunning and foxy Marion Butler succeeded in perfecting 
complete "fusion^' of the Eepublicans and Populists. It 
was an incongruous combine, and oould not survive long. 
The team did not work smoothly. They seo-sawed and 
balked, but Dr. Butler knew how to talk to them and charm 
them and make them pull. Again the new harness galded 
and they would fret and threaten to kick, but Dr. Butler 
knew how to relieve against the pinching of the new harness 
and heal the galded places, and thus they moved on. Dr. 
Marion Butler, of Sampson County, editor of the "Cau- 
casian,'' and president of the Farmers' Alliance, succeeded 
in having himself elected TJnited States Senator to succeed 
the scholarly statesman, Hon. Matt. W. Ransom. He prom- 
ised the Eepublicans, so they claimed, that if they would 
elect the Doctor, the patentee of the healing oil and a tonic 
for sulky men, to the TJ. S. Senate, then in 1897 the com- 
bine would elect Jeter C. Pritchard, the chairman of the 
Republican party in the State, to succeed Thos. J. Jarvis, 
who was filling the expired term in the TJ. S. Senate of Z. B. 
Vance. During this great storm of political hatred and 
madness, many amusing scenes happened which were much 
enjoyed by the patriotic Democrats. The two elements of 
the "combine" often gave exhibitions of a want of confidence 
in each other. There was not much love between these two 
allied forces. Many of the Populists were not Republicans, 
and they would often revolt and storm out in rage when their 
eyes were being opened to the designs and selfish purposes of 
their leaders to carry them into the Republican party, and 
forswear further allegiance to the hellish combine. Dr. 
Butler would at once appear on the scene with his wonderful 
tonic. Then probably, on the next day we would hear the 
Republicans using all manner of vile and opprobrious epi- 
thets towards the Populist leaders. Dr. Butler would get 
behind one of the large columns and, like the hissing snake, 
whisper to them, Democrat ! Democrat ! ! Democrat 111 At 
once the trouble and angry waters of passion would subside, 



Decade XIV.— 1890-1900. 281 

and the warring elements embrace each other like twin 
sisters. Then the little fat Ewart would cease firing his 
scorching denunciation of Dr. Butler and pace up to the 
thin Oasius^looking Butler behind the Speaker's desk and 
fall in the arms of the hungry Oasius and look sweetly in the 
face of the dangerous man and plead for forgiveness. 

When the combine was in a volcanic condition and destruc- 
tion threatened, the patriots quietly looked on and enjoyed 
the belching and the rise and fall of the thermometer. But 
as soon as the volcanic disturbances subsided in the camp of 
the combine and they fell asleep to recover from their riotous 
revelry, then the patriots began to storm them with power- 
ful shells from Democratic guns and create awe and dismay 
in the camp of the combine. They had contested about 18 
of the patriots' seats — one-half. The combine could not get 
time to consider the contests. They only found time to con- 
sider four of them. Three of the patriots they arbitrarily 
turned out. The committee reported unanimously that L. L. 
Smith, of Gates, was entitled to his seat The report was 
unanimously adopted. Up to this time the member from 
Gates sat under the clock waiting for his sentence. After 
the vote was announced by the Speaker that Mr. Smith was 
entitled to his seat, the irrepressible little member from 
Gates immediately arose and addressed the Speaker and be- 
gan to argue the evidence in the contest for his seat, and 
desired to prove to the House that he was honestly elected, 
when the hairless-head member from Northampton, another 
of the patriots, arose to interrupt the member from Gates. 
Permission was given, an:d Capt. K. B. Peebles, addressing 
the Speaker, stated that as the member from Gates seemed 
not to be satisfied with the action of the House, he moved that 
the vote by which the gentleman from Gates was declared 
entitled to his seat be reconsidered. Smith threw up his 
hands and exclaimed, No ! No I ! No ! ! ! and fell in his seat 
like a lead ball. This ended the scene. 

Later on in the session the Republicans demanded of the 



282 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Populists that the negroes shofuld share in the offices. They 
were dependent upon the negro votes for success, and there 
were negro members in the House for the first time in many 
years. This was distasteful to the Populists, and they again 
raged and threatened destruction to the combine. The Re- 
publicans then lihreatened that if their demand was not 
granted they would vote for the candidates of the patriots. 
Dr. Butler was summoned at once. He arrived and ad- 
ministered his tonic and the political waters were calmed* 
When the session of 1896 went into hisjfcory the people of the 
State gave a sigh of relief. 

In all of this political madness we formed friendships that 
will linger with time. 

There is good in all men. 

There is had in all men. 

All of us love for the good in us to be noticed. 

All of us love for the had in us to be unnoticed. 

So it behooved the patriots to look for the good in our 
enemies, and make the best use of it in behalf of our State. 
The author adopted that rule of action in this mad hour, and 
thereby did much good and kept off much harm. In matters 
not political he secured the passage of many bills for his 
political friends, and defeated several malicious and wicked 
non-political bills. He introduced the first bill to prevent 
a greater rate of interest than six per cent, but he was not 
allowed to get the credit as being the father of that law. No 
Democrat waa allowed to receive credit for such legislation. 
The author served on the Committee© on Judiciary, on Edu- 
cation, the Joint Committee for Selecting Trustees for the 
University, and other committees. W. T. Lee, the patriot 
member from Haywood, and the author, were the only Demo- 
crats on the above joint committee, and we succeeded in get- 
ting six staunch Democrats on the board of trustees. It was 
marvelous. The author prepared, introduced and secured 
the enactment of chapter 14, Public Laws 1895, for the pro- 



Decade XIV.— 1890-1900. 283 

tection of the estates of minora, which is the latter part of 
section 2768 of the Kevisal of 1905. 

Let us perpetuate the names of the patriot members of the 
Greneral Assembly of 1896: 

HOUSE. 

E. 0. Higgins, Alleghany County. 

*L. D. Eobinson, Anson County. 

^A. S. Rascoe, Bertie County. 

J. L. Nelson, Caldwell County. 

H. M. Harrelson, Columbus County. 

W. C. Gallop, Currituck County. 

J. B. Etheridge, Dare County. 

*J. H. Baker, Jr., Edgecombe County. 

*W. O. Howard, Edgecombe County. 

*L. L. Smith, Gates County. 

* J. N. Grizzard, Halifax County. 

* J. A. House, Halifax County. 
W. T. Lee, Haywood County. 

*B. B. Winbome, Hertford County. 

J. F. Eeinbardt, Lincoln County. 

*Lee Crawford, McDowell County. 

J. Erank Ray, Macon County. 

M. T. Lawrence, Martin County. 

E. J. Harrington, Moore County. 

J. D. McCall, Mecklenburg County. 

J. T. Kell, Mecklenburg County. 

John G. Alexander, Mecklenburg County. 

Herbert McClammy, New Hanover County. 

*E. B. Peebles, Northampton County. 

Rudolph Duffy, Onslow County. 

D. K. Julian, Rowan County. 

J. W. McKenzie, Rowan County. 

R. L. Smith, Stanly County. 

J. S. Woodard, Swain County. 



284 History of Heetfoed County, N. C. 

E. L. Stevens, Union Comity. 

*W. C. Monroe, Wayne County. 

*J. H. Edwards, "Wayne County. 

*J. Tomlinson, Wilson County. 

J. H. Higgins, Yancey County. 

*T. B. Hooker, Pamlico County. . 

*K. L. Payne, Eobeson County. 

*S. G. Mewbome, Greene County. 

*A. A. Lyon, Granville County. 

*A. C. Ward, Pender County. 

*D. D. Carlyle, Eobeson County. 

Those marked * their seats were contested. 

We entered the House with 40 Democrats. The "com- 
bine," by the use of the political guillotine, beheaded six of 
the patriot members. 

In the Senate sat four powerless but brave Democrats — 
A. S. Abell, of Johnston; W. J. Adams, of Moore; W. C. 
Dowd, of Mecklenburg, and C. W. Mitchell, of Bertie. The 
latter's seat was contested, but the axe was not applied. 

After this notable session of the General Assembly ad- 
journed, the author resigned his seat and Gov. Elias Oarr 
re-appointed him Judge of the Criminal Court of Hertford. 
He returned home in March in time to see for the last time 
his old father. Major Wilibome, who was so proud of the 
record of his eon. On April 3, 1895, this grand old citizen 
fell dead in his dining-room. The sad news was wired to 
the author, who was then in Norfolk, Va., with his family. 

In 1896 the Fusionists again captured the State and elected 
Daniel Russell, an old 1868 Republican, Gt)vernor of the 
State, and elected a large majority of the members of the 
Legislature. This year Hertford elected to the House a 
Republican, Starkey Lowe, a young man who had just ac- 
quired his law license. He was adopted by Jackson B. Hare 
a few years prior thereto, and he then adopted the name of 
Hare. 



Decade XIV.— 1890-1900. 285 

The Fusionists of the session of 1897 repealed nearly 
every law that had been enacted by a Democratic Legislature 
which had not been repealed by them in 1895, and enacted 
most offensive laws to the white people of the State. They 
flooded the State and eastern counties with negro officers. 
In their madness they abolished about all non-constitutional 
officers, and created others and filled them from their ranks. 
They abolished Hertford's Criminal Court and took off the 
judicial head of the author, and painted the political canopy 
of the State black as the darkness of Egypt. The Kepublicans 
gloated in the wickedness of their shame and abuse of power. 
The true Populist and Alliance men, now saw plainly the 
evil desires of their leaders and forswore further allegiance 
to the unholy combine, and returned to the party of their 
first love, where the olive branch was extended, and they 
kindly and lovingly received in the homes of their fathers^ 
and former political friends. 

The election of 1898 approaches, and the white people of 
the State rise up in their, mighty indignation and proclaim 
in a voice that thunders throughout the State, that their 
patience is exhausted, and that this is the white man's State, 
and white man's government, that they will no longer submit 
to the indignities and insults and misrule of the unworthy 
leaders, whose ambition for power and spoil has no limit, 
but that they will drive from power the hater of Anglo- 
Saxon blood and forever consign them to graves of dishonor 
and shame. The Alliance men who had been deceived and 
misled, joined in this mighty cry of the Anglo-Saxon race. 
The Democrats triumphantly redeemed the State from negro 
thraldom and placed it in the control of her noble and loyal 
sons. The Democrats had a large majority in both Houses 
of the Legislature, and they prepared and passed an Amend- 
ment to the Constitution to be submitted to the voters of the 
State for ratification, at the election in 1900. Hertford was 
again represented by a Republican, in the pe^rson of a 
young man, Isaac F. Snipes, the son of E. T. Snipes, who 



286 History of Hebtford Countt, N. 0. 

was conservative and fair minded like his father, Hon. T. G. 
Skinner, of Perquimans, and Gteorge Cowper, of Hertford, 
Democrats, were in the Senate from the First District. Mr. 
Skinner was an ex-member of Congress, and Mr. Cowper 
was an able attorney at Winton and son of the old legislator 
from Hertford, E. C Cowper. 

This Legislature was composed of some of the State's 
ablest men, and they entered nobly upon the grand work of 
bringing order out of chaos, and making it impossible for 
a return of negro rule. We mean by negro rule the rule of 
men who were willing to ride into power by misleading the 
negro voter, that they might plunder and disgrace the State. 

In 1896 and in 1898 the Fusionists elected all of the 
county officers in Hertford. In 1896 they elected as County 
Commissioners Greo. W. Mitchell, of Winton ; J. B. Vaughan, 
of Maney's ISTeck, and E. T. Snipes, of St John's. In 1898 
they elected as commissioners Greo. W. Mitchell, J. B. 
Vaughan and J. M. Eley. The General Assembly on Janu- 
ary 19, 1899, increased the number of Commissioners for 
Hertford to eight and appointed A. I. Parker, J. C. Vinson, 
Jesse H. Mitchell, Joseph G. Majette and B. F. Williams, 
all of whom were Democrats. They were sworn in and be- 
came members of the board and controlled it. In 1900, 
under the "Fusion law,'' Hertford was oaily allowed to elect 
three Commissioners. The Democrats elected Majette, of 
Maney's Neck, A. I. Parker, of Winton, and B. F. Wil- 
liams, of Harrellsville. In order to give each township a 
member, the Legislature on January 31, 1901, appointed 
J. C. Vinson, of Murfreesboro, and Jesse H. Mitchell, of St. 
John's, members of said board. 

James S. Mitchell in 1896 was returned by the Fusioniste 
to the office of Sheriff, which he held until 1900. He was 
a graduate of Wake Forest College, and made a good officer, 
but his political somersaults for the past few years brought 
upon him much criticism by his former friends. 



Decade XIV.— 1890-1900. 287 

At the election in 1900 the Oonstitutional Amendment 
was to be voted upon, which, if ratified, the horrors of 1895 
to 1898 could never again occur in North Carolina. It 
threw around the right of suffrage such safeguards that would 
eliminate the ignorant n^ro voters from the ballot box and 
thereby disarm the vicious Republicans and consign them 
to a place of long rest, where they might repent of their 
shameful revelries in the past The campaign was the most 
exciting one in the history of the State. The amendment 
was ratified by a tremendous majority, and the Democrats 
elected a great majority of the members of both Houses of 
the General Assembly. Hertford redeemed herself and 
elected to the House Lloyd J. Lawrence, the law partner of 
the author, over James S. Mitchell, the strongest man in the 
opposition party. Lawrence was defeated in 1898 by E. F. 
Snipes, of St. John's. The State is now safe and the trou- 
bles of the past forty years are settled. Peace now reigns 
throughout- our beloved State. The young and brilliant 
Charles B. Aycock is called to the chair of the Chief Execu- 
tive of the State. The future historian will write impassion- 
ate liistoT^'' of these mysterious years. Let charity and for- 
giveness and justice guide our every step. Let the curtain 
fall and hide from view the strife that so divided and embit- 
tered our honorable people. 

During this decade we feel the loss of several of the majes- 
tic men who had for so long graced the annals of Hertford's 
fair name. In 1892, Rev. R. R. Savage, of Buckhom, who 
hfad so long labored with us and whose name is indelibly writ- 
ten in the religious and educational history of Hertford, 
sleeps the sleep of death; then in 1893 the untiring and loyal 
H. C. Maddry shakes our hand and bids us farewell. For 
years and years we had labored together in the great battles 
of democracy. Judge David A. Barnes had preceded him 
on June 24, 1892. Col. Uriah Vaughan, after a long, hon- 
orable and successful life, on January 19, 1890, succumbed 
to the will of his Master. Colonel Vaughan was one of 



288 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Hertford's most remarkable men. In his young life at the 
age of 15, in the year 1828, he became restless to embark in 
the mercantile business, so he left school and came to Mur- 
freesboro and hired himself to William Eea, a leading mer- 
chant in town, as a clerk. He soon developed such remark- 
able talent for the mercantile business that he became the 
wonder of all who knew him. Within a few years he 
launched out in his own boat to fight the fight of a busy life. 
Success crowned his efforts on every hand. With great en- 
ergy, clear perception, great foresight, and with a quick and 
discriminating mind, he walked easily up the ladder of for- 
tune. Always bright and cheerful, until w<hen it became 
necessary to become serious and courageous, then he was 
ready for the occasion. A master of politeness, inborn chiv- 
alry, pure in thought and God-loving in his life, he stamped 
his impress on the lives of those who knew him best. He 
had made a large estate before the Civil War, but most of 
it was swept from him by the war. After that sad tragedy 
in our history he renewed his energies, and when he died 
January 19, 1900, he was the wealthiest man in his county. 
His father was John Vaughan, of Hertford, who was a sol- 
dier in the War of 1812. His mother was Sarah Rogers, 
daughter of Jonathan Rogers, of this county. His paternal 
grandfather was William Vaughan, a continental soldier in 
the War of 1776. Colonel Vaughan when a young man 
married Sarah A., the daughter of Henry DeBerry Jenkins, 
of this county, and a soldier in the War of 1812. Mr. Jen- 
kins died September 8, 1856. A fuller history of these 
people can be found in "The Winbome Family.^' The sons 
and daughters of Colonel Vaughan and his wife Sarah are 
the late Mrs. George L. Arps, of Norfolk, Va. ; Mrs. David 
A. Barnes, Mrs. R. H. Stancell, Mrs. B. B. Winbome, Mrs. 
R. W. Winborne and Mrs. T. W. Hawkins. He left two 
sons, Thomas J. and Uriah, who are prominent merchants in 
the town of their father. The Vaughan family is an old fam- 
ily in this county and have in all ages been noted for their 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 289 

business qualifications. Col. Vaughau was a natural-bom mer- 
chant and trader. The traits of character that had been 
dormant in his family for one or two generations were pro- 
duced prominently in him. The oldest male member of this 
Vaughan family, that we have any information of, is Wil- 
liam Vaughan, who in 1709 purchased from Thomas Bay- 
field the sloop "Roanoke" for £184. On March 31, 1713, 
William Vaughan & Co., merchants, recovered judgment in 
the court in Edenton again-st Roland Buckley on an account 
for goods sold. And in 1714 William Vaughan is a witness 
in court at Edenton to prove a power of attorney witnessed 
by him in Boston, Mass. The next William Vaughan, sup- 
posed to be his son, we notice was some years later put under 
bond to keep the peace for fighting, and later he filed his 
petition asking to be released from his bond, as he had kept 
good the order of the Court. In 1714 Capt. William Vaughan 
of the militia under the government of the Lords Proprie- 
tors, is ordered to command a squadron of militiamen and 
visit the Indians at Poteskey Toune and complete some nego- 
tiations with tliem on the part of the Lords Proprietors. 

, J. B. Slaughter, who had for many years been a public 
servant in the county, and who was always faithful to his 
trusts, died in 1893. That grand woman, Mary A. South- 
all, in her 89th year goes to her Master. 



^ 



19 



DECADE XV IN PART. 

1900—1906. 

As we approach the closing years of our work we look out 
and see that peace and good will reigns throughout our 
State. The political waters are calm. The young men of 
the State are coming to the front to relieve their aged fath- 
ers who had stood faithfully by the ship of State. The young 
and gifted Charles B. Aycock, of Goldsboro, a graduate of the 
State University, who was elected governor by the Democrats, 
takes the oath of ojSice, and enters upon a grand campaign 
of education in the State and soon attracts the notice of the 
leaders of thought throughout the States. He is now spoken 
of in many of the iLewsipapers, North and South, as the 
next Democratic candidate for Vice-President of the United 
States. He has a bright future before him. 

L. J. Lawrence, Hertford's young attorney, and partner 
of the author, enters the House of Representatives in Ra- 
leigh in 1901 as the meanber from Hertford, takes the oath 
of a law-maker, and beholds the beautiful forms and faces 
in the gallery, and pleads for the upbuilding of the State, 
and for its moral and educational advancement. It is now 
evident everywliere that the sons of the fathers must come to 
the front. The old guard is fast passing away. The schools, 
colleges, and University are fast preparing our young men 
for the responsibilities of a high citizenship. 

Our colleges and schools for young Avomen are training 
the hearts and minds of our young women for the higher 
elevation of man. The Ohowan Baptist Female Institute 
in our own coimty is still doing a grand and noble work along 
this line. The ancient and classic academv at Buckhom, 
under the tutorship of the aged pedagogue, Prof. Julian H. 
Picot, has prepared at this academy for the battle of life 
over 2,000 young men, and who is still carrying on the noble 
work, and not only adding to his own fame, but building a 
lasting monument to its founders. 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 291 

In July, 1900, the town of Murfreesboro su&tained a great 
loss in the death of her distinguis'hed physician, Dr. Johii 
Turner Eldridge. Dr. Eldridge moved to Murfreesboro in 
1885 to succeed Dr. John C. Lawrence, deceased. He was 
intelligent, highly educated in his profession, and a success- 
ful physician. Doctor Eldridge was bom in 1834, and well 
educated in the best schools of the country before he studied 
medicine. His mind developed young. He graduated in 
medicine at Jefferson Medical College in 1851, when very 
young. He served as physician and surgeon in the TJ. S. 
Army prior to the Civil War. His parents were John Eld- 
ridge, of Halifax County, Va., and wife. Miss Turner, of 
Southampton County, Va. His father was a merchant in 
Halifax County until he moved to Texas prior to the war 
and became a large planter. The doctor married Alberta, 
the daughter of Oapt. J. M. S. Rogers, of Northampton 
County, N. C, who was frequently in the Legislature from 
Northampton between 1828 and 1850. Doctor Eldridge 
had by his marriage several daughters. L. J. Lawrence mar- 
ried Eva, his youngest daughter. She lived only about a 
year after their marriage. His third daughter, Rydie, soon 
followed her sister Eva, then soon followed their mother. 
The death of his daughters and wife rendered the doctor 
very unhappy, and he never recovered entirely from his be- 
reavement. Dr. Roderick H. Gary, of Northampton, mar- 
ried his daughter Cora, and Rev. C. W. Scarborough mar- 
ried, his eldest daughter, Anna. After the death of Doctor 
Eldridge his son-in-law, Dr. R. H. Gary, moved to Mur- 
freesboro in August, 1900, and became the owner of the 
beautiful home of the late doctor and succeeded him in his 
practice. Dr. Gary is a very successful physician and a 
natural-bom doctor. He was bom December 10, 1856, and 
graduated in medicine in 1881 at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons of Baltimore. Doctor Gary comes from an 
honorable ancestry. His father was Richard Henry Gary, 



292 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

of Halifax County, N. C, who married a Bailey, of Sussex 
County, Va. His great-uncle was Koderick B. Gary, of 
Northampton, who represented that county as one of its 
members in the House of Commons from 1821 to 1831 con- 
tinuously, then again in 1832, 1835 and 1836. The late 
Gen. Thomas J. Person, of Northampton, was his great- 
uncle. He was named Roderick Henry for his father and 
great-uncle. 

The State still moves on in the grand work of education 
and development and opening up her mighty possibilities. 
She is in the lead of many of her sister States in education, 
in manufacturing, in development of her hidden resources 
and mines of unlimited wealth. Her white population is in- 
creasing with surprising rapidity. Her towns are growing 
marvelously in wealth, in factories, in population and in 
everything that tends to make progress and advancement 
The most perplexing question with us is the labor question. 
The negroes are becoming tired of work, and they cannot be 
depended on as reliable workmen. The solution of this ques- 
tion will command our best thought and philosophy. In 
1893 Hertford sends her true son, John E. Vann, of Winton, 
to the House, where he reflects honor on his county, as well 
as on the name of his prominent ancestors. 

In the county her affairs are honestly and faithfully looked 
after by a board of commissioners noted for their loyalty to 
duty. They are (1) J. G. Majette, chairman; (2) John C. 
Vinson, (3) C. W. Parker, (4) A. I. Parker, and (6) Wil- 
liam E. CuUens. 

Majette is the son of Capt. William J. Majette, of Maney's 
Neck, and the grandson of C^pt. James Majette and Capt. 
Jethro Darden, the old legislator from Maney's Neck. His 
mother was Virginia, daughter of George H. Barnes and 
wife, Priscilla Parker, who after the death of Mr. Barnes 
married Alexander Brett. He was educated in the schools 
of his county, and is an energetic and thrifty business man. 
He married Blanche, the daughter of W. T. Bynum by his 




COUNTY COMMISSION EKS. 



. J. G HAJETTE, CONO, Chklrmaa 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 293 

last marriage, who was the eldest daughter of the late Jethro 
W. Barnes and wife, Miss Brett, the sister of Elisha D. Brett, 
of the same section of the county. Mr. Majette is a planter 
and sucoeesful lumberman. 

J. C. Vinson, of Murfreesboro, was a soldier in the last 
year of the Civil War. He entered the army under the call 
for young men as low down as 17 years of age. He joined 
Captain Holloday's cavalry company. These young soldiers 
did mostly picket duty in the counties where the Buffaloes 
were committing their robberies and plundering. He is the 
son of J. Henry Vinson, of Northampton, and wife, Martha 
Vinson, nee Wells. His mother was the daughter of honest 
Brooks Wells and wife Mary, of Maney's Neck, who was 
Mary Gilliam, of Southampton, Va. Brooks Wells died 
prior to 1830, and his widow appears on the Census of 1830 
as the owner of 13 slaves. Vinson married, April 8, 1869, 
Mary W., the daughter of John Deloatch and wife Kezia, of 
Northampton, who was the mother of his children. Mr. 
Deloatch and Mr. Vinson's father were men of large estates 
and men of high character. After the death of his wife, 
which happened August 3, 1885, he in December, 1889, mar- 
ried widow Lewis, of Washington County, N. C. She did 
not live long, and since her death he has remained single. 
After his removal to the county he took an active interest 
in the politics of the county, and did most valuable work for 
his party. He is a planter, and operates several large farms. 
Mr. K. S. Deloatch of our town is brother to the first Mrs. 
J. C. Vinson. 

C. W. Parker is a planter and successful merchant at Me- 
nola. He was bom May 29, 1857. His parents are Joseph 
Parker, a prosperous farmer near Menola, who married Mary 
C, the daughter of the late William Vaughan and wife 
Betsey, the daughter of Elisha Lawrence. Mr. Vaughan 
was the older brother of Col. Uriah Vaughan and the father 
of John N. Vaughan, of Norfolk, Va., and C. T. Vaughan, 
of Murfreesboro. He was named for his grandfather, who 



294 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

bore the name of his ancestors. His daughter Sarah married 
Peter Garriss; Martha married J. G. Edwards, of North- 
ampton, and Hester married A. J. Allen, of Northampton. 
Commissioner Parker, on January 31, 1883, miarried the 
handsome Janie J., the only daughter of the late Jordan J. 
Horton, of St. John's. He has inherited much of the busi- 
ness sagacity of his uncle John N. Vaughan. He is an advo- 
cate of education and is giving his children such educational 
advantages as will give them excellent social positions. 

Alfred Isley Parker, familiarly known as "Ike Parker,'' 
lives in Winton and dispenses wholesome food at the Winton 
Hotel, which stands in front of the court-house on the lot 
where stood the hotel owned by General Dickinson early in 
the 19th century, and afterwards presided over by James 
Copeland, W. T. Bynum, Col. Pleasant Jordan and others. 
Mr. Parker was bom in Nansemond County, Va., in 1839. 
He was the son of Willis Parker and wife Elizabeth Parker, 
nee Benton. He entered the Civil War as a Confederate 
soldier at the beginning of hostilities and served through the 
entire war in Co. I, Nansemond Cavalry, under Captain 
P. H. Lee, and experienced much of the hardships of those 
days. He was taken a prisoner of war in 1865 a short time 
before the fatal battle of Appom'attox and imprisoned at 
Newport News, V a. He was released July 3, 1865, and 
reached home the next dav. In 1866 he removed to Gates 
County. On February 22, 1872, he married Pattie, the 
eldest daughter of James Jordan, of Hertford, and settled 
in Winton and began his life work, and is now one of our 
most substantial citizens. In addition to his hotel he is en- 
gaged in farming, merchandizing, and is president of the 
bank in his town. His brother-in-law, William Jordan, of 
Winton, is his partner in his hotel and mercantile business, 
their finn name being Jordan & Parker. 

William E. CuUens lives in Harrellsville. He was born 
February 16, 1861, and is the son of Nathaniel L. Cullens 
and wife Sarah, the daughter of William Lassiter and wife, 
Parthenia Scull, of that part of the covmty. Watson S. Win- 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 296 

borne, who lived in the east end of the county, married Ara- 
bella, another daughter of Mr. Lassiter. Mr. CuUens was 
first elected a Commissioner when quite young. He resigned 
in 1894, and was that year the successful Democratic can- 
didate for Sheriff. His pursuits have been in the mercan- 
tile line. On December 19, 1889, he married Willie Pau- 
line, daughter of William Powell and wife, Augustine Par- 
ker. Re-elected Commissioner in 1904. 

A. E. Garrett, of Ahoskie, the present Sheriff of the 
county, was bom in 1864 and is interested in farming and 
merchandizing. He is not a native of the county, but has 
been with us for a number of years and is a most efficient 
oflScer and a gentleman of unsullied character. In 1900 he 
did some brave work for the cause of white supremacy. He 
is a brave and fearless man in the discharge of his duty. In 
April, 1889, he married Minnie, the daughter of T. C. 
Hayes and wife, Fannie Hayes, nee Montgomery, daughter 
of William M. Montgomery, who lived near the present town 
of Ahoskie. 

John ^tforthcott, who was one of the first justices of the 
peace appointed in 1778 for this, county, and a relative of 
James ISTorthcott, the great portrait painter in London, is 
still represented in the county in the person of our present 
Register of Deeds, John A. l^orthcott. The latter was the 
son of Andrew J. Northcott and wife Bertie, the daughter 
of Capt. Hiram Freeman and wife, Louisa Freeman, nee 
Knight, of Hertford County. Mr. Freeman was a Northern 
man, who came to our waters before the war and made his 
home in Winton. He was noted for his courtlv manner and 
he quickly made friends wherever he went. Andrew J. 
Northcott was the son of James Northcott and his wife, 
Nancy Northcott, nee Stephenson. Andrew J. was for a 
long while postmaster in Winton, and at one time the entry- 
taker in the county. He was a very competent business man. 
Much of the time while the author lived in Winton, from 
1875 to 1880, Andrew J. was the efficient and polite agent 



296 'History, OF Hertford County, N. 0. 

at Winton of the Albemarle Steam Navigation Company. 
Both he and his father, James, were magistrates in the 
county during their day. Widow Elizabeth Northoott, the 
mother of James, died in 1834. Andrew J. Northoott 
died about 1882, -and the author was his administrator 
and the guardian of his son and daughter. Young John 
A. Northcott was for years, before he was appointed 
to his present office by the County Commissioners, the effi- 
cient agent of the Atlantic Coast Line at Tunis. He, on 
April 27, 1902, married Mamie, the daughter of W. J. Las- 
siter and wife Imogen, of Rich Square, in ^Northampton. 
Without intending any disparagement of the efficiency of his 
predecessors, James P. Freeman, Geo. A. Bi-own, W. L. 
Daniel, S. E. Marsh, it is a fact that he is one of the most 
competent officers in the State. George A. Brown, now of 
Winton, filled the office with great satisfaction from 1890 to 
December, 1896, and was one of the working Democrats. 
He married in 1872, Mary E., the daughter of Alfred Rid- 
dick, the son of the older James Riddick, an honorable 
man, and a member of a family of the county long re- 
spected for its high character. By this marriage Mr. 
Brown reared several daughters, of whom our county is 
proud. Miss Janie Brown, a member of the faculty of 
the C. B. F. Institute, is one of these worthy daughters. 
So are Mrs. E. B. Vaughan and Mrs. David Parker, of 
Mapleton. His second wife was Miss Rosa Story, of Gates, 
the daughter of J. B. Story and niece of Parker Story, of 
Southampton County, Va., whom he married in 1902. 

Capt. Thos. D. Boone, the intelligent and capable Clerk 
of our Superior Court, is one of the heroes of 1861-'65. We 
have before written of this worthy man and his charming 
wife, Willie Vann, daughter of Tilman D. Vann, of Maney's 
'Neck. Captain Boone's father was William Boone, of Iforth- 
ampton, and his wife, Judith Boone, nee Deanes, the daugh- 
ter of the old Sheriff, Thomas Deanes, of Hertford. His 
grandmother on his paternal side was Lucy Tyner, the daugh- 



Decade XV.— 1900-19a6. 297 

ter of Nicholas Tyner II, of Northampton. Sheriff Thomas 
Deanes' daughter Susan married Rev. Reuben Jones, and 
his daughter Mali-ssa Anne married John E. Maget, of 
Northampton. The old Sheriff was married twice. By his 
first marriage he reared two sons, Mike and Thomas Dcanes, 
Jr. The mother of his daughters was Susan Perry, a daugh- 
ter of Capt. Abner Perry, of revolutionary fame, and who 
died in 1810. 

Dr. Jesse H. Mitchell, of Ahoskie, is the present chairman 
of our County Board of Education. He is the son of Col. 
Geo. H. Mitchell, of Winton, and grandson of Luke Mc- 
Olaughon, of Ahoskie. He has married twice. His first 
wife was the daughter of William M. Montgomery by his 
'first marriage, and is the mother of his children. He mar- 
ried in 1905 the widow of the late John Eley, of Union, the 
daughter of J. P. Freeman. He was educated at Wake For- 
•est College, and the Medical University in Baltimore, Md. 

Samuel P. Winbome, another member of the Board of 
Education, lives in Maney's Neck, at the home of his father, 
Maj. S. D. Winbome and of his great-uncle, Robert Warren. 
Of him we have written. He is a direct descendant of 
Henry Winbome, who figured in early history of the county. 
He married Jesse, the daughter of Rev. Reuben Jones and 
wife, Susan Jones, and the granddaughter of Sheriff Thom-as 
Deanes, who lived at the home of Tulley M. Forbes, Jr., near 
Murfreesboro. 

The other member of the Education Board is Elisha Hun- 
ter Joyner, of old St John's. He has been all through life 
an uncompromising and unforgiving Democrat. He is about 
52 years of age, and failed to marry until a few years ago, 
when he married Miss Baker, of his neighborhood, a lady 
of respectable parentage. 

The author a few days ago was reflecting, and the sad 
fact appeared that in the county he could only recall four 
persons living in the county who held a civil office prior to 
1868. They were our venerable and Christian townsmen, 



298 History of Hertford County, X. C. 

Henry Thomas Lassiter, who was one of the magistrates 
and was on the bench at the last session of the Court of Pleas 
and Quarter Sessions in February, 1868. The second was 
Oris Parker, who still lives near the Borough, who was a 
magistrate and sat on the bench at the same time with Mr. 
Lassiter. Mr. Parker is the son of Silas Parker II, a jus- 
tice in his day, and brother of Carey W. Parker, Peter P. 
Parker and the late David Parker, of Mapleton. His grand- 
father was Peter Parker and his great-uncle was Silas Par- 
ker, both of whom were magistrates in their day. Mr. Par- 
ker is still a justice of the peace, and his son, Oler S. Parker, 
is also one of our young justices. The third old officer is 
Samuel M. Auni'ack, who was County Trustee from 1866- 
to 1868. The fourth is Col. James M. Wynns, of the 
Borough. He was a justice in the 10th decade and a mem- 
ber of the Special Court, and he is the only living ex-repre- 
sentative from the county in the General Assembly of the 
State who served prior to 1868. While he has been in poor 
health for the last few years, we hope he will be with us for 
many years to come. His mother lived to reach the ripe old 
age of 89 years. He lives at the beautiful old Southern resi-^ 
dence purchased by Gen. Joseph F. Dickinson in 1812 from 
William H. Murfree, surrounded bv an affectionate wife and 
his beautiful daughters and noble sons. 

Among the old w^orthies yet living in addition to those 
four named, who figured in the ante-bellum days in the 
county, are Maj. John W. Moore and Prof. Julian H. Picot. 
It makes us sad, sad indeed. For thirty-one years we have 
been intimately thro\\Ti with the business people of this 
county, and had been with many of them for years prior 
thereto. We now feel lonely and deserted. 

Albert B. Adkins, of Bethlehem, near old Pitch Landing,, 
deserves to be noticed as one of the untiring and zealous 
friends of the C. B. F. Institute and of education. He mar^ 
ried, but was not blessed with issue to train and educate^ 
He, however, assumed the place of a father of several needy 
and worthy young girls and had them educated at the above 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 299 

institution of learning. He was very active in raising, by 
volunt-ary contributions, money to aid in constructing the 
recent additions to the main building of the Institute. He 
is the son of Thomas Adkins and wife, who was the daughter 
of Maj. W. P. Britton, of the Pitch Landing section. The 
late Wade H. Adkins, of Murfreesboro, was hi& uncle. 
Thomas and Wade were the sons of David Adkins and wife, 
who was a Miss Bullock, of Edgecombe County. 

Winton, the old colonial town of the county, is awaking 
from its slumbers and putting on new life and marching on- 
ward and upward in the glorious work of educating and 
refining its citizenship. Churches and academies of high 
grade are seen in place of the old bar-room. The young little 
town of Ahoskie, on the Atlantic Coast Line, which traverses 
the county, is increasing her population, erecting homes for 
its citizens, and, with her churches and academy, standing 
out in bold contrast with former days is moving on to take 
her place in the young and enterprising towns of the 20th 
century. Harrellsville, the town of the Sharps, the Har- 
rells, the Prudens, the Rayners, the Jemigans, the Sculls^ 
of John and Watson Winbome, and many others of the old 
landmarks and heroes, is still the pride of the east end of the 
county, while the ancient village of Pitch Landing, the home 
of the James Joneses, the Watsons, the Aske':7s, the Daniels, 
the Wards, the Sessoms, has long since folded her flag and 
surrendered her streets and gardens to the plowman, and the 
ancient and colonial court green and colossal oaks of old St. 
John's, around which clustered the Sumners, the Granburys, 
the Perrys, the Cottons, the Moores, the Browns, the Bever- 
leys, the Tayloes, the Everetts, and others, has long ago ex- 
isted only in name, and the famous Ahoskie Ridge is now 
one of the most fertile farming sections in the eastern part 
of the State. The little town of Union sits quietly and se- 
renely in the central part of the county and chants her beau- 

NoTE. — Mai. W. P. Britton was the father of Rev. W. P. Britton who 
married the daughter of Abraham Thomas. 



300 History of Hertford County, N. 0. 

tiful music in praise of the older Winbornes, her Hares, 
her Wynns, her Beverleys, her Bretts, her Browns, her 
Dunns, her Dukes, her Tayloes, her Montgomerys, her As- 
kews, her Knights, her Vanns, and her other sons, who did 
so much in building a monument to their county^s fame. 
Maney's Neck, the home of the old James Maneys, the Hills, 
the Warrens, the Colemans, of Edward, Jacob and Thomas 
Hare, the Kidleys, the Littles, the Worrells, the Gays, the 
Barneses, the Gatlings, the Myricks, the Kiddicks, the 
younger Winbornes, the Cowpers, the Spiers, the Vanns, the 
Peetes, the Bakers, the Whitleys, and many others who were 
bright stars in the galaxy of Hertford's sons and daughters, 
is still the home of many of the county's most prosperous, 
refined, and cultured people, nestling around their beautiful 
embryotic little capital, Como, which is destined to become 
as famous as the Neck and its people. 

Murfreesboro, the beautiful and healthy town of 1787, on 
the Meherrin, the home of many of Hertford's wealthy and 
fashionable and patriotic citizens — ^Murfrees, Reas, Dickin- 
sons, Gordons, Deanses, Carters, Smiths, Yanceys, Vaughans, 
Jenkinses, Parkers, Wells, Hills, Longs, Mannings, Hutch- 
ings, Morgans, Murphys, Wheelers, Moores, Merediths, Wil- 
sons, Southalls, Capeharts, Browns, Traders, Banks, Finneys, 
Foreys, Spiers, Jeggitts, Maneys, Pipkins, Neals, Harts, 
Borlands, O'Briens, O'Dwyers, Wynnses, Oo-wpejl^s, Law- 
rences, Ramseys, Clementses, and many others of the old 
worthies, is still the town of refinement and beauty in the 
west end of the county. The old fathers of 1787 made no 
mistake when they petitioned the legislature to establish a 
town on the elevated plateau of land at Murfree's Landing, 
on the south side of the Meherrin. It is eighty feet above 
the water of the river, which is drained by nature's water- 
ways. Its beauty, its healthfulness, and the pure and health- 
giving quality of its water makes it an ideal home. The 
late Civil War greatly marred the beauty of the to^vn, im- 
poverished many of its noblest citizens, and brought sorrow 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 301 

and pain in many of its homes, where once existed wealth, 
true manhood, noble womanhood, happiness and joy. While 
she has not been able to recover her former glory and renown, 
she has retained her air of refinement and culture, and the 
beauty and loveliness of her homes. As we look out through 
our window this beautiful May morning, we behold the town 
of our aristocratic and Christian fathers, guarded by their 
descendants and successors and clothed in her lovely spring 
costume, quietly resting beneath the covering of her classic 
and spreading shade trees, with the air around us reverbera- 
ting with the sweet strains of perfect music, as its waves 
spread out through the parlor windows of her fair daughters, 
reminding us that the joyous days of old and the happy gath- 
erings of the fair daughters and noble sons of bygone days, in 
the beautiful parlors of the Indian Queen Hotel, and in the 
hospitable homes of her honored sons, still have their equals 
to-day. 

On May 17, 1906, the celebration of the fifty-eighth anni- 
versary of the Chowan Baptist Female Institute took place, 
and we give below the reported account of this occasion, 
written by F. B. Arendell, of Raleigh, and published in the 
News and Observer, of Raleigh, of May 19, 1906 : 

"Murfreesboro, N. C, May 18. — I sat yesterday under 
the shade of the towering oaks and majestic elms of Mur- 
freesboro, and witnessed the coming together of a conclave 
of the best type of folks that live in this or any other land. 
They came with attire akin to the prevailing bloom of spring- 
time — nothing gorgeous — ^merely bright and beautiful. They 
came from homes ripe in history, rich in tradition, and com- 
plete in the development of the purest and best civilization 
and citizenship. 

^^The day's attraction at Murfreesboro was two-fold in its 
importance. For the fifty-eighth time that grand old head- 
light of learning, the Chowan Baptist Female Institute, was 
to hold its commencement, and on the programme was a lit- 
erary address by Eastern North Carolina's distinguished 



302 History of Hertford County, X. C. 

orator, statesman, jurist and scholar, Lieutenant-Governor 
Prancis D. Winston. 

^^The people came from Hertford, Ohowan, Bertie, Xorth- 
ampton and Gates until tlie hospitable old town almost over- 
flowed. The venerable college, planted by Forey and his 
compeers, watered by Hooper of blessed memory, and nour- 
ished by the immortal McDowell, guided later on by Brewer 
and Petty, and at present so well directed by that strenuous 
genius of teaching, John 0. Scarborough, threw open its 
broad gates, its broad doors, and its broader hearts. Even 
the hundreds of spreading elms that shade the broad and 
beautiful campus seemed to whisper a generous welcome. 

^^The Institute — fifty-eight years old to-day — ^has never 
yet had its doors closed in war times or in peace. Grand 
old nursery of mental and moral training, it has retrans- 
plantd its tender, blooming plants, equipped for beautiful 
and useful womanhood, into hundreds of the homes of East- 
em North Carolina. 

^^Its annual commencements have for more than half a 
century constituted important epochs in the history of this 
great tide-water country. The exercises on this occasion 
were delightfully pleasing. The concert on Tuesday evening 
wras charming, enchanting. 

'^The salutatory, the valedictory, and the other essays by 
the ten graduates were particulnrly classical and scholarly. 
And then came the masterly address by Governor Winston. 
In touch, it was, \vith the chaste, refined environment, in 
line with the classics of the graduates, and the beautiful 
thought embraced in their essays. In harmony, too, with the 
budding womanhood all about him and the beautiful, bloom- 
ing woodland and winding rivers that encircle the good old 
town. 

"He spoke of woman, not the ne\v woman — ^not the old 
woman — but woman. The woman changed because of changed 
conditions, the woman with a mission greater than of old — 
the woman with prerogatives broader and greater than of 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 303 

yore, the woman with opportunities transcending any en- 
joyed in by-gone days. He spoke with feeling and power, 
with force and logic, with unmatched eloquence, his charac- 
teristic humor, his pathos, his sweeping flights of eloquence 
played over the vast audience, and left it now enrapt in 
smiles, now in tears, and then in bursts of vociferous ap- 
plause. 

"His subject — -a fruitful one — ^his power as an orator al- 
most unmatched — his audience sympathetic — appreciative — 
his friends, his neighbors, his kinfolks. It was a real, royal, 
literary feast, a glorious finale of a brilliant occasion. 

"And I rode over and about old Murfreesboro, set up on a 
beautiful plateau some eighty feet above the winding Me- 
herrin River, a hundred years old and more. The chief town 
of old Hertford County — itself more than a century and a 
half old. In the heart of the fertile Chowan section, dedi- 
cated before the Revolution to culture, refinement, virtue 
and bravery, inhabited then and now with brave men and 
braver \vomen, they bave written history, thrilling, interest- 
ing history, on every foot of this sacred soil, and written their 
o'wn names on the fabric of Carolina to remain there forever. 

"Do^vn yonder are the ruins of the old home of Hardy 
Murf ree, one of the blazers of this forest and a hero of the 
Revolution. Xear by stood the old Indian Queen Hotel, 
where LaFavette was rovallv entertained some years after 
the Revolution had ended. Over vonder lived and still live 
the Bakers — ^the Vaughans, the Winbomes, the Wynnses, 
the Harrells — ^and clustered about them were the Carters, 
the Cowpers, the Freemans, the Smiths, the Moores, the 
Wheelers, the Myricks, the Worthingtons, and others. Inde- 
pendence winners, history makers, civilization builders. 

"Murfreesboro is both old and new; but there is nothing 
old here — ^that is, too old — not even the well-preserved vine- 
clad colonial homes. There is nothing new that is too new, 
not even the artesian well. There is a blending — a beauti- 
ful blending — a blending of tradition and trade — a blending 



304 History of Hebtfobd County, N. C. 

of history and hustle — a blending of colonial coronets and 
caromels — a blending of slavery days and sulky plows — a 
blending of the old and the new all along the line in this 
beautiful Chowan country, rich and fertile, venerable, hon- 
orable, healthful, and happy." 

In 1904 your humble servant engaged in a quadrangular 
contest in the county primary for the Democratio nomina- 
tion for the House. He was nominated, and elected in 
Xovember of that year. At the opening of the session of 
the General Assembly in January, 1905, he en'tered another 
quadrangular contest for the Speakership, but did not meet 
with the same success as in the first. O. H. Guion, of 
Craven, was nominated, and Hertford's member was made 
chairman of the Judiciary Committee of the House, and 
appointed on the following other committees: Claims, Con- 
stitutional Amendments, Courts and Judicial Districts, Elec- 
tion Laws, Rules, Regulation of the Liquor Traffic, and the 
Joint Committee on the Revision of the Laws. In January, 
1906, Governor R. B. Glenn appointed the author one of the 
delegates from Korth Carolina to a congress composed of 
delegates from all the States, to meet in Washington City, 
February 19, 1906, to draft a uniform divorce code, to be 
submitted to the several State legislatures for ratification. 

The writei^ was educated at Buckhom Academy, in his 
native county, at Wake Forest College, and at Columbian 
University in the District of Columbia. He studied law at 
the law school of ijhat University in addition to taking a 
(Collegiate course of studies, and received his degree of B.L. 
in June, 1874, in the 20th year of his age. In Septem- 
ber, 1874, he entered the law office of Smith & Strong, in 
Raleigh, as clerk, and in February, 1875, he applied for and 
obtained his license to practice law, but not then being of full 
age his license was held by Judge Smith, under direction of 
the Court, until his majority, April 14, 1875. In June, 
1875, he located in Win ton to practice his profession. He 
at once identified himself with the Democratic party and 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 305 

took an active part in all county alBfairs. In 1876, while 
waiting for clients, he wrote a Historical Brief of Political 
Economy, which was published in sections in the Albemarle 
Times, a newspaper edited in Windsor, N. C, by the late 
P. H. Winston, Jr. This Brief has since been published in 
book form. In 1877 he was m'ade chairman of his party, 
which position he held, except two short intervals, until 1901. 
On December 23, 1879, he married Miss Nellie H. Vaughan, 
the fourth daughter of Col. Uriah Vaughan, of Murf reesboro. 
In January, 1880, he moved to the town of his bride, where 
thev have since lived. In 1895, he was elected to the House 
from Hertford, and served on several important committees. 
In 1896 he was elected a delegate from the First Congres- 
sional District to the National Democratic Convention, in 
Chicago, and voted for Wm. J. Bryan, as the Democratic 
nominee for President. Later, in 1896, his friends wanted 
to nominate him for Congress, but he declined to receive the 
nomination. He has often served on the district and State 
committees of his party. In the State Convention of 1904, 
which met in Gi;eensboro, he was appointed on the Platform 
Committee. Judge of Criminal Court from 1891 to 1897^ 
except "the period from October, 1894, to March 14, 1895, 
while he served 'as a member of the legislature. In 1905 he 
wrote and published a history of "The Winbome Family," 
for which he has been much complimented. By his mar-, 
riage he has had bom unto him four sons — Uriah V., Stan- 
ley, Micajah, and Benj. B., Jr. The first and third died 
young. Stanley is now closing his junior examinations at 
the University of North Carolina, and Benjamin is with 
his parents. 

The author was born April 14, 1854, and reared on a 
farm, and inherited a fondness for stock raising and of farm- 
ing. He in his young days cheerfully and energetically per- 
formed all kind of plantation work. From the age of seven 
years he has been watching the struggles of men. He never 
buckled down to the hard study of books, until he went to 
20 



306 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

the Columbian University in September, 1872. His father 
was always a busy and active man. His mother was a bright^ 
cheerful and energetic Christian woman, and a valuable aid 
to her husband in his long struggle. The writer took much 
notice of the events of war times and the melancholy days 
succeeding the civil strife and became familiar with the 
public affairs by his intimate associations with his father and 
other public men. After he came to the Bar, he continued his 
study of the law, and has been a busy lawyer for about 
twenty-eight years. It seems that we have lived more than 
a generation. On February 26, 1902, his health suddenly 
gave way, and he was taken ill in his office and became un- 
conscious within thirty minutes, and remained so for several 
weeks, suffering with pneumonia and pleurisy. He was 
finally resurrected from the Valley of the Shadow of Death. 
For two and one-half years he lingered in wretched health, 
and his recovery was miraculous. The writing of "The 
Winbome Family" and of this book would have probably 
never been undertaken had he not met this great sickness. 

The author, in 1887, joined others in organizing an agri- 
cultural f air, to be held annually in Murfreesboro. He was 
made President of the organization, and for several years it 
was one of the best fairs in the State. Among the distin- 
guished speakers at its annual meetings were Hon. Kemp. 
P. Battle, as President of the University of North Caro- 
lina, U. S. Senator Hon. M. W. Ransom, the peerless states- 
man, the ripe scholar, and the magnetic orator; Governor 
Thomas M. Holt, and U. S. Senator Hon. Z. B. Vance, the 
great commoner and patriot. The fair went down about 
1892, and was revived in 1905. The writer was again 
made its President, and in October of that year the Great 
Fair was again opened. Col. John S. Cunningham, of 
Person County, made the opening speech, and on Thursday, 
October 12, Gov. R. B. Glenn, the able, eloquent and Chris- 
tiaji Governor of Iforth Carolina, delivered to an audience 
of several thousand people one of the finest addresses that 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 307 

has ever been delivered to an argricultural people. At the 
end of his great speech he held a reception, when thousands 
of people gladly grasped his hand. In July preceding, the 
Confederate veterans of the county held their annual re- 
union in Murfreesboro, when they were addressed by that 
brave old soldier and ornate orator, B. F. Dixon, the Audi- 
tor of the State. This was a gala day in the old town. 

In 1901, the writer obtained fronn the General Assembly a 
charter for a telephone company, and began the work of con- 
necting the towns of the county by telephone lines. In 1904 
the company was re-organized, and now, under the eflBlcient 
management of President L. J. Lawrence and General Man- 
ager A. E. Garrett, we have a complete system of 'phone 
service. We can now sit at our desk and talk to people at 
any village or town in Hertford, Northampton and Bertie 
counties, and at the towns along the line of the Seaboard 
Air Line from Boykins, Va., to Norfolk. 

Among the sons of Hertford who have reached prominence 
in their adopted home in Norfolk, Va., and who have not 
been heretofore mentioned, are J. W. Perry, the successful 
commission merchant and Vice-President of the Citizens' 
Bank of Norfolk, Va, ; John N. Vaughan, Charles A. Law- 
rence, Wallace E. Lawrence, Robert Montgomery, Hugh Pete 
and George A. Williams, sons of the highly respected Peter 
Williams, one of the old merchants of the Borough; Na- 
thaniel Beaman, President of the National Bank of Com- 
merce of Norfolk, Va. Beaman is a native of Murfreesboro 
and the son of the late W. P. Beaman and wife, Annie Bea- 
man, of Sleepy Hollow, Va. His father died in the 12th 
decade, and a few years thereafter his mother, with her three 
children, moved to Norfolk. Young Beaman, when young, 
was a bright and thoughtful boy, and his wonderful success 
in life is positive proof that he is no ordinary man. 

Among our young men who are off at school this year are 
Stanley Winborne and Edgar Thomas Snipes, at the Uni- 
versity at Chapel Hill. The latter is soon to become a full- 



308 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

fledged lawyer. A. M. Brown, G. V. Brown, H. J. Brown, 
K. R. Curtis, W. L. Curtis, L. Hale, Herbert Jenkins and L. 
A. Parker at Wake Forest College. Jesse Powell at the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons in Baltimore. Paul 
Jernigan at Randolph-Macon College. Robert Jernigan, 
Land on Burbage and Benj. Sears at Randolph-Macon Acad- 
emy, Bedford City, Va. J. O. Askew, Jr., at Franklin, Va. 
Pembroke Baker at Norfolk Business College. At the A. 
and M. College, Raleigh, N. C, are W. W. Taylor and M. R. 
Herring, of Winton, and J. E. Overton, of Ahoskie. 

At the end of 146 years of the county's existence, we look 
back and view the struggles, the triumphs, the defeats, and 
the victories, of our ancestors and our beloved country, its 
progress and advancement, and as we look upon this pano- 
rama of the past, it fills our souls with greater hopes for the 
victories and triumphs of the future. Our State has passed 
through a war in each quarter of a century since 1759. The 
war with Great Britain l776-'82, the Rebellion in the State 
in l784-'5, and the attempted establishment of the State of 
Frankland. The war of 1812-'14 with England, the Semi- 
nole war of 1818-'19, the Mexican war of 1846-'48, the 
Civil war of 1861-^65, and the Spanish war of 1898. In 
the Avar of the United States with Spain the patriots who 
wore the blue, and those who wore the gray in the civil strife 
in 1861-'65, and their sons, fought side by side under the 
glorious old flag of the Union and rejoiced together over the 
victories of the defenders of the American Union. The 
Angel of Peace had returned to remain with the brave foes 
of the 60's and with their sons and daughters. We here 
quote from the recent speech of Cardinal Gibbons on the 
'^Triumphs of Peace," delivered in New York. He is too 
pacific in his reference to the warfare of 1861-^65. 

Cardinal Gibbons said in part: 

"Nearly two thousand years have rolled by since the birth 
of the Prince of Peace, whose advent was announced bv the 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 809 

angellic host singing ^Glory to God in the Highest, and on 
Earth Peace, Good Will to Men.' 

"Christ's mission on earth was, above all, to break down 
the wall of partition that divided nation from nation, that 
alienated tribe from tribe, and people from people, and to 
make them all of one family acknowledging the Fatherhood 
of God and the Brotherhood of Christ 

"When looking back and contemplating the wars that have 
ravaged the Christian world during the last twenty centuries, 
some persons might be tempted at first sight to exclaim in 
anguish of heart that the mission of Christ was a failure. 

MISSION HAS NOT FAILED. 

"My purpose, in the brief remarks which I shall make, is 
to disabuse the faint hearted of this discouraging impression 
and to show that Christ's mission has not failed, but that the 
cause of peace has made decisive and reassuring progress. 

"It is by comparisons and contrasts that we can most 
effectually gauge the results of Christian civilization. 

"Compare the military history of the Roman Empire from 
its foundation to the time of Augustus CsBsar, with the mili- 
tary record of our American Republic from the close of the 
Revolution to the present time. 

"In pagan Rome war was the rule, peace was the exception. 
The Temple of Janus in Rome wag always open in time of 
war, and was closed in time of peace. From the reign of 
Romulus to the time of Caesar, embracing 700 years, the 
Temple of Janus was always open, except twice, when it was 
closed for only six years. It was subsequently closed at the 
birth of Christ, as if to symbolize the pacific mission of the 
Redeemer of mankind. 

AMERICA^S FOUR WARS. 

"The United States has existed as a sovereign nation for 
about one hundred and twenty years, since the close of the 



310 HisTOBY OF Hertford County, N. C. 

Eevolution. During that period we have had fcur wars: 
the war with England, from 1812 to 1815; the war with 
Mexico, from 1845 to 1848; the Civil war, from 1861 to 
1865, and the recent Spanish war. The combined length of 
these campaigns was about ten years. Hence we see that the 
United States has enjoyed twelve years of peace for one year 
of war, while the Roman Empire enjoyed less than one year 
of tranquility for every century of military engagements. 

"But the blessed influence of our Christian civilization 
has been experienced not only in reducing the numbers of 
wars, but still more in mitigating the horrors of military 
strife. 

"Prior to the dawn of Christianity the motto of the con- 
queror was ^Va victis' — ^Woe to the vanquished.' The cap- 
tured cities were pillaged and laid waste. The wives and 
daughters of the defeated nation became the prey of the ruth- 
less soldiery. The conquered generals and army were obliged 
to grace the triumphs of the victors, before they were con- 
demned to death or ignominious bondage. 

ALEXANDER AND SCOTT. 

"Alexander the Great, after the capture of the city of 
Tyre, ordered 2,000 of the inhabitants to be crucified, and 
the remainder of the population were put to death or sold 
into slavery. 

"How different was the conduct of General Scott after his 
successful siege of the City of Mexico. As soon as the 
enemy surrendered, not a single soldier or citizen was sacri- 
ficed to the vengeance of the victorious army, and not a single 
family was exiled from their native land. 

"During the siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 of the 
Christian era, under Titus, the Roman general, more than 
a million of Jews perished by the sword and famine. Nearly 
100,000 Jews were carried into captivity. The sacred ves- 
sels of the Temple of Jerusalem were borne away by the 
blood-stained hands of the Roman army. Simon, the Jewish 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 311 

chieftain, with the flower of the Jewish troops, was conducted 
to Kome, where he graced the triumph of the Roman general, 
and then a rope was thro^vn around his neck and he was 
dragged around the forum, where he was cruelly tormented 
and put to death. And yet Titus was not accused by his 
contemporaries of exceptional cruelty. On the contrary, he 
was regarded as a benevolent ruler and was called the ^delight 
of the human race.' 

TREATMENT OF CONFEDERATES. 

^*Let us contrast the conduct of Titus toward the Jews with 
General Grant's treatment of the defeated Confederate forces. 
When General Lee surrendered his sword at Appomattox 
Court-house, he and his brave army were permitted to return 
without molestation to their respective homes. 

^'Imagine General Lee and his veterans led in chains to 
Washington, followed by the spoils and treasures of Southern 
homes and Southern sanctuaries. Imagine the same Con- 
federate soldiers compelled to erect a monument to commem- 
orate their own defeat. Would uot the whole nation rise up 
in its might and denounce a degradation so revolting to their 
humanity ? 

"A hundred years ago disputes between individuals were 
commonly decided by a duel. Thanks to the humanizing 
influence of a Christian public opinion, these disagreements 
are now usually adjusted by legislation or conciliation. Have 
we not reason to hope that the same pacific agencies which 
have checked the duel between individuals, will in God's own 
time, check the duel between nations? 

BULLY NATIONS. 

"In our school-boy days the most odious and contemptible 
creature we used to encounter was the bully who played the 
tyrant towards the weak, but cringed before his stronger com- 
panions. But still more intolerable is a bullying nation that 
picks a quarrel with a feeble nation with the base intent of 
seizing her possessions. 



312 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

"I can recall at least four instances in the last twenty years 
in which international conflicts have been amicably settled by 
arbitration. 

"The dispute between Germany and Spain regarding the 
Caroline Islands was adjusted by Pope Leo Xlll. in 1886. 

"The Samoan difliculty bet\veen Germany and the United 
States was settled by a conference held in Berlin in 1889. A 
treaty of peace between the United States and Mexico was 
signed in Washington at the close of Cleveland's administra- 
tion. And a few weeks ago a war between France and Ger- 
many, perhaps a general European conflict, was averted by 
the Algeciras oonferenoe in Morrooco." 

While we may not exactly agree with the Cardinal in all he 
says, we can but admit that in the main he pictures forceably 
the progress of the United States of North America. While 
it is true we are having our troubles with the trust, which is 
the evil of great aggregation of capital in the hands of a few, 
and which cause many to have fears of the speedy downfall 
of the Republic, yet we have hopes in the wisdom and pa- 
triotism of the American people, that they will in due time 
strike down this w^ould-be assassin of our Republic. And we 
strongly believed that the conservatisan and patriotism of the 
South will be appealed to by all true Americans to perform 
this great mission. History repeats itself, and the sons of 
those who did most to create the Republic will be the ones 
called upon in the crucible hour to save it from destruction. 

WAR IS CRUEI. AND EXPENSIVE. 

It has been the custom of nations for all ages to resort to 
arms and bloodshed in order to settle civil differences. This 
is, and always has been, wrong. Wars are the result of the 
ambition of selfish men. Such men are willing to crucify 
the people at the cross, to gratify their ambition and selfish- 
ness. These men have existed in all ages and in all countries. 
It is time that the civilization and Christianity of the present 



Decade XV.— 1900-1906. 818 

day to put an end to such cruelty and barbarity. The United 
States have paid out for war, to say nothing of .the Indian 
wars, the following astounding sums of money, in addition 
to the numberless lives that were sacrificed: 

The Eevoiutionary War, 1776-'82.. $135,193,703.00 

The War of 1812 107,159,003.00 

The Mexican War 66,000.000.00 

The Civil War 6,500,000,000.00 

The Spanish-American War 150,000,000.00 

What becomes of the advocates of war and strife ? Here 
presents a great moral question. 

CONCLUSION. 

After much hard and the most fatiguing labor, I have suc- 
<»eeded in getting together much of the hidden information 
about the history of Hertford County and its people. The 
flames had consumed the records of these people for the first 
132 years of the county's existence. To get the facts found 
in this volume I resorted to the Colonial and State Records 
of North Carolina, Wheeler's and Moore's histories of the 
State, Dr. Tbos. O'Dwyer's diary for 1824, and old deeds, 
Avills, and copies of old court records, found among the papers 
of many of the old families of the county. My letters reached 
many points in several of the States seeking information. I 
Tiave compiled the result of my labors. I know it is not per- 
fect, and I, also, know my effort to save from oblivion some 
information of our people will be severely criticised by many. 
Some who possessed some information declined to put me in 
possession of it, while most others were glad to render what 
aid they could. To Maj. John W. Moore, of Hertford, and 
Miss Mary Murfree, of Tennessee, and others in that State,, 
and friends in New Jersey, and H. C. Sharp, of Harrells- 
ville, and all others who gave me facts, I return my thanks 
for the valuable ^aid rendered me. I am glad I have done 
this work. It has given me information about the county, the 



314 History of Hertford County, jS". C 

State, and country at large, that otherwise I would not have 
obtained. .In my writing, I often felt like wandering oflf 
into the realms of metaphysics and moral science and general 
history, and discoursing on the. mysteries of life and of death 
and' of resurrection, and paint, in a feeble way, the picture 
of eternity — the end of measured time — as it appears to me ; 
but siucb thougjhts would have been oiut of place in such a book 
as this, which was only intended to gather the facts for the 
future historian of the State, that the nioble people of Hert- 
ford Coimty, whose records have been destroyed, may not be 
overlooked and forgotten. Untrue history is the curse of a 
people. True hisitory is the glory of a people. 

** The book is completed, 
And closed like the day ; 
And the hand that has written it 
Lays it away. 

Dim grow its fancies ; 
Forgotten they lie ; 
Like coals in the ashes, 
They darken and die.'* 

Benj. B. Winborne^ 

Murfreesboro, N. C, May 24, 1906. 




HERTFORD COUNTY'S LIST OF OFFICERS. 

Lawyers of Hertford County, 1906, and the times of their 
respective admissions to the Bar: 

Winbome & Lawrence, Murfreesboro, "N. 0. Benj. B* 
Winbome — ^February term, 18Y5 ; Lloyd J. Lawrence, Febru- 
ary term, 1892. 

George V. Cowper, Winton, N. 0. — June term, 1878. 

Jno. E. Vann, Winton, N. 0. — September term, 1887. 

David Collin Barnes, Murfreesboro, N. C. — September 
term, 1896. 

Roswell C. Bridger, Winton, N. C. — September term^ 
1899. 

Jas. R. Mitchell, Winton, N. C. — August term, 1901. 

Wm. W. Rogers, Winton, IsT. C. — ^February term, 1903. 

Hertford's congressmen. 

1802-'07— Gen. Thomas Wynns, near Winton. 
1813-^17 — William Hardy Murfree, Murfreesboro. 
1839-'45 — Kenneth Rayner, near Harrellsville. 
1859-'61— W. N. H. Smith, Murfreesboro. 
1875-'81 — Jesse J. Yeates, Murfreesboro. 

CONFEDERATE CONGRESS. 

January, 1862-April, 1864— W. N. H. Smith. 

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS. 

1801— Oen. Thomas Wynns. 
1809— Gen. Thomas Wynn& 
1848 — Kenneth Rayner. 
I860— John W. Moore. 

MEMBERS OF GOVERNOR's COUNCIL. 

Col. James Jones, Col. Matthias Brickie, Gen. Thomas 
Wynns, John A. Anderson, Maj. Jesse J. Yeates. 



316 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

consuls and ministers. 

1855 — John H. Wheeler, Minister to Nicaragua. 

1885-'89 — Thos. R. Jernigan, Consul to Japan. 

1895 — Hunter Sharp, Consul to Japan. 

1893-'97 — Thos. R. Jernigan, Consul to Shanghai, China, 



1831 — Clerk of the Board of Commissioners under the 
Convention with France: John H. Wheeler. 

1837 — Superintendent of U. S. Mint at Charlotte: John 
H. Wheeler. 

1842-'44 — Treasurer of the State: John H. Wheeler. 

U. S. Senate from Arkansas: April, 1848-'53 — Solon Bor- 
land, a Murfreesboro boy. 

Solicitor of First District: 1849-'58— W. N. H. Smith; 
1860-T)6 — Jesse J. Yeates. 

Chief Justice of the State: January, 1878-Ifoveml)er, 
1889— W. K H. Smith. 

Judge of Criminal Court: 1891-^97— B. B. Winborne. 

Chairman of Judiciary Committee in House of Assembly : 
1800— Robert Montgomery; 1905— B. B. Winborne. 

First Constitutional Convention of November 12, 1776: 
Delegates — Lawrence Baker, William Murfree, Robert Sum- 
ner, Day Ridley, and James Wright 

Hillsboro Convention of 1788, to consider the adoption of 
U. S. Constitution: Delegates — Maj. Geo. Wynns, Gen. 
Thomas Wynns, Rev. Lemuel Burkitt, Maj. Wm. Little, and 
Maj. Samuel Harrell. 

Fayetteville Convention of 1789, which adopted the U. S. 
Constitution: Delegate® — Gen. Thomas Wynns, Robert 
Montgomery, Col. Hardy Murfree, Henry Hill, and Henry 
Baker. 

Constitutional Convention 1835 : Kenneth Rayner. 

Secession Convention of 1861 : Kenneth Ravner. 

Constitutional Convention of 1865: R. G. Cowper. 

Constitutional Convention of 1868 : Jackson B. Hare. 

Constitutional Convention of 1875 : Jordan J. Horton. 



Hertford County's Officers. 317 

Hertford County was represented in the Colonial Assem- 
bly and in the Senate and House of the General Assembly of 
North Carolina from the time it became a sovereign State in 
December, 1776, up to the present time, as appears below. 

Its Colonial representatives were as follows: 
1762-'63 — Henry Winbome and William Murfree. 
17 64-' 6 5 — Benj. Wynns and Robert Sumner. 
1766-'68 — Benj. Wynns and Matthias Brickie. 
1769-'70 — Peter Wynns and Edward Hare. 
1771-'72 — Benj. Wynns and Edward Hare. 
1773-'74: — Benj. Wynns, Sr., and Benj. Wynns, Jr. 
l775-'76 — ^William Murfree and George Wynns. 

After North Carolina declared her independence of the 
British Government and adopted its first constitution, Hert- 
ford's representatives in the General Assembly of the State 
have been as follows: 

1777 — Senate, Robert Sumner; House, Jos. Dickinson, 
James Garrett. 

1778 — Robert Sumner ; Wm. Baker, James Maney. 
1779 — Robert Sumner ; William Wynns, Nathan Cotton. 
1780 — Pleasant Jordan ; William Wynns, John Baker. 
1781 — John Baker; Lewis Brown, Thos. Brickie. 
1782— John Brickie ; William Wynns, Thos. Brickie. 
1783 — John Baker ; Lewis Brown, Thos. Brickie. 
1784— John Baker; William Hill, Thos. Brickie. 
1785 — Robert Sumner; James Maney, Robt. Montgomery. 
1786— Robert Sumner; William Hill, Thos. Brickie. 
1787 — Robert Sumner; Thos. Wynns, Robt. Montgomery. 
1788 — Robt. ilontgomery ; Henry Baker, Henry Hill. 
1789 — Robt. ilontgomery; Henry Hill, Henry Baker. 



1790— Thos. Wynns 
1701— Thos. Wynns 
1792— Thos. Wynns 
1793— Thos. Wvnns 
1794— Thos. Wvnns 



Robt Montgomery, Henry Hill. 
Robt Montgomery, Henry Hill. 
Henry Hill, James Jones. 
Jethro Darden, Henry Hill. 
Jethro Darden, Robt. Montgomery. 



318 



History of Heetfoed County, I^, C 



1795- 
1796- 
1797- 

1798: 

1799- 
1800- 
1801- 
1802- 
1803- 
1804- 
1805- 
1806- 
1807- 
1808- 
1809- 
1810- 
1811- 
1812- 
1813- 
1814- 
1815- 
1816- 
1817- 
1818- 
gomery. 
1819- 
1821- 
1822- 
1823- 
1824- 
1825- 
1826- 



-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Robt. 
-Eobt. 
-Robt. 
-Robt. 
-Robt. 
-Robt. 
-Robt. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Thos. 
-Boone 



Wynns 

Wynns 

Wynns 

Wynns 

Wynns 

Wynns 

Montgomery 

Montgomery 

Montgomery 

Montgomery 

Montgomery 

Montgomery 

Montgomery 

Wynns 



Wynns 
Wynns 
Wynns 
Wynns 
Wynns 
Wynns 
Wynns 
Wynns 
Wynns 
Felton 



Henry Hill, Robt. Montgomery. 
Jethro Darden, James Jones. 
Jethro Darden, James Jones. 
Robt. Montgomery, James Jones. 
Robt. Montgomery, James Jones. 
Robt. Montgomery, James Jones. 

James Jones, Abner Perry. 

James Jones, Abner Perry. 

James Jones, Abner Perry. 

James Jones, Abner Perry. 

Jas. Jones, Wm. H. Murfree. 

James Jones, Abner Perry. 

Lewis Walters, Abner Perry. 
Lewis Walters, Abner Perry. 
Boone Felton, Abner Perry. 
Boone Felton, Lewis Walters. 
Boone Felton, William Jones. 
Wm. H. Murfree, Jethro Darden. 
Boone Felton, William Jones. 
Boone Felton, William Jones. 
Thomas Deans, William Jones. 
Thomas Deans, William Jones. 
Boone Felton, Thomas Maney. 
Jno. Hamilton Frazier, B. J. Mont 



-Jno. H. Frazier; B. J. Montgomery, Isaac Carter. 
-Thomas Deans; Jas. Copeland, Jas. D. Wynns. 
-David E. Sumner ; Isaac Carter, Lewis M. Jeggitta. 
-David E. Sumner ; James Copeland, John Vann. 
-James Copeland; John Vann, Isaac Carter. 
-James Copeland; John Vann, Isaac Carter. 
-Elisha H. Sharpe; B. J. Montgomery, Leonard 
Martin. 

1827 — David O. Askew; B. J. Montgomery, John H. 
Wheeler. 



Hertford County's Officers. 319 

1828 — ^David O. Askew; B. J. Montgomery, John H. 
Wheeler. 

1829 — B. J. Montgomery; Elisha A. Chamblee, John H. 
Wheeler. 

1830 — Jacob Hare; Isaac Carter, John H. Wheeler. 

1831 — B. J. Montgomery; Elisha A. Chamblee, Godwin 
C. Moore. 

1832 — ^B. J. Montgomery; Isaac Carter, Thos. V. Roberts. 

1833 — John Vann; Isaac Carter, Sipha Smith. 

1834 — Greo. W. Montgomery; Isaac Carter, Sipha Smith. 

1835 — John Vann; R. C. Borland, Kenneth Rayner. 

The amendments to the Constitution in 1835 reduced 
Hertford's representation in the House to one member and 
made the sessions biennial. 

1836 — Geo. W. Montgomery; Kenneth Rayner. 
1838 — Thomas B. Sharpe ; Kenneth Rayner. 
1840— B. T. Spiers ; Wm. N. H. Smith. 
1842 — Godwin C. Moore; Starkey Sharpe. 
1844 — ^Richard G. Cowper; Jacob Sharpe. 
1846 — Richard G. Cowper; Kenneth Rayner. 
1848— William IST. H. Smith ; Kenneth Rayner. 
1850 — D. V. Sessoms; Kenneth Rayner. 
1852— Richard G. Cowper; W. L. Daniel. 
1854 — Kenneth Rayner; W. L. Daniel. 



1856— Richard G. Cowper 

1858— Richard G. Cowper 

1860-'61— J. B. Slaughter 

1861-'62— J. B. Slaughter 

1862-'63— J. B. Slaughter 

1863-^64— J. B. Slaughter 

1864-'65 — James M. Wynns; John A. Vann. 

1865-'66— R. G. Cowper; W. IST. H. Smith. 

1866-'67 — James C. Barnes; Godwin C. Moore. 

1867-'68 — James C. Barnes; Godwin C. Moore. 



Joseph B. Slaughter. 
W. N. H. Smith. 
Jesse J. Yeates. 
Jesse J. Yeates. 
Jesse B. Vann. 
Jesse B. Vann. 



320 History of Hertford County, N, C. 

In 1868 a Constitutional Convention was held in North 
Carolina to alter the fundamental law of the State. The 
delegates to the convention were composed chiefly of "Carpet- 
Baggers" from the most vicious element of the Northern 
army and its sympathizers, who, after the cessation of hostili- 
ties, remained in the South, to rob and plunder the Southern 
States. But few of the true and loyal sons of the State were 
allowed to participate in the deliberations of the political 
bodies of those times. Jaekson B. Hare was the delegate 
from Hertford County. The Constitution prepared by this 
posthumous or illegitimate convention was submitted to a 
portion of the people of the State for ratification, at an elec- 
tion held on the 21st, 22d and 23d days of April, 1868. The 
ex-slaves voted three days. A large per centum of the best 
and truest citizens of the State were disfranchised and not 
allowed to vote, and in their place the recent slave negro men 
were armed with the ballot and allowed to vote at the election 
as directed by these "Carpet Baggers" and the native traitors 
to our State. General Canby, the military potentate of 
North and South Carolina, sitting in Charleston, S. C, de- 
clared the Constitution ratified by the voters of the State. 
The chivalrous and proud people of the State had no alterna- 
tive but to submit to the indignities heaped upon them by 
such cowards as Thad. Stevens and W. H. Stewart, the haters 
of the South, and its own Benedict Arnolds. 

Under the Constitution of 1868, Bertie and Hertford coun- 
ties formed the Fifth Senatorial District, and given one sena- 
tor in t]^e General Assembly. The terms of ofiice of the 
members of the Assembly began with their election and con- 
tinued for two years. The General Assembly met annually 
on the third Monday in November. The Fifth Senatorial 
District was represented as follows: 

1868-'69 — J. W. Beasley, E., Bertie County. 
18G9-'70— J. W. Beasley, R., Bertie County. 
1870-'71 — J. W. Beasley, R., Bertie County. 
187l-'72— J. W. Beasley, R., Bertie County. 



Hertford County's Officers. 321 

The legislation and corruption of the above sessions of the 
General Assembly form the blackest pages of North Caro- 
lina's history. It is a lasting shame and disgrace to the 
Republican party of the State. It will never be forgotten by 
the true and honorable people of the State and their descend- 
ants. In the summer of 1872 the white people of the State 
succeeded in electing a large majority of the members of the 
General Assembly, and that body, by an act ratified January 
19, 1872, by a three-fifths vote of all the members, amended 
^ the Constitution of 1868 in several particulars. One of the 
amendments was in changing the sessions from "annual" to 
"biennial." That same body, by an act ratified February 2, 
187'2, re-appointed the representation of the State, and put 
Hertford County in the First Senatorial District, with the 
six other counties east of Chowan River, and they were given 
two members. The members from the First Senatorial Dis- 
trict, thereafter, were as follows: 

1872-'74 — John L. Chamberlain, R., Camden County; 

C. W. Grandy, R., Pasquotank County. 
1874-'76— Wm. B. Shaw, D., Currituck County ; 

Thomas R. Jemigan, D., Hertford County. 
1876-'78 — Octavius Coke, D., Chowan County. 

W. C. Mercer, D., Currituck County. 

In 1875 another Constitutional Convention was held in 
North Carolina, and presided over by Edmond Ransom, of 
Tyrrell County, who was elected as an independent to said 
convention. The members of the Republican and Demo- 
cratic parties were about evenly divided. The Democrats 
secured the co-operation of Mr. Ransom by electing him 
President of the convention. This gave the Democrats one 
majority on the floor. Many important amendments w^re 
made in the organic law of the State by this body. Much of 
the sting of the Canby Constitution of 1868 was eradicated. 
No man of the majority could afford to be absent from his 
seat during this all-impoi-tant session. The devotion of the 
21 



322 History of Hertfokd County, N". C. 

Democratic members of this convention was never better 
ahown than during the days of this momentous session of this 
exciting convention. Hertford County was represented in 
this convention by Jordan J. Horton, a Kepublican. 
' The time for the biennial meetings of the General Assem- 
bly was changed from the third Monday in ISTovember next 
after the election of its members, to the first Monday after 
the first Monday in January next after the election of its 
members. The General Assembly of 1876-'77, by an act 
ratified March 12, 1877, provided that the general election 
in the State should be held in the year 1880, on the Tuesday 
after the first Monday in If ovember, and every two years 
thereafter. The members from the First S^iatorial District 
continued : 

1878-'79— Geo. H. Mitchell, R., Hertford County ; 

Kufus White, R., Perquimans County. 
1880-'81— W. H. Manning, D., Gates County; 

J. M. Woodhouse, D., Currituck County. 
1882-'83— W. W. Speight, R., Gates County; 

J. M. Woodhouse, D., Currituck County. 
1884-'85— Wm. M. Bond, D., Chowan County; 

James Parker, D., Gates County. 
1886-'87— W. P. Shaw, D., Hertford County; 

W. J. Griffin, D., Pasquotank County. 
1888-'89 — J. K. Abbott, D., Camden County; 

W. P. Shaw, D., Hertford County. 
1890-'91 — P. H. Morgan, D., Currituck County; 

James Parkei', D., Gates County. 
lS92-'93 — J. K. Abbott, Camden County; 

J. J. Gatling, D., Gates County. 
1894-'95— E. T. Snipes, R., Hertford County; 

Theo. White, P., Perquimans County. 
1896-'97 — J. L. Whedbee, R., Perquimans County; 

Jno. F. Newsome, P., Hertford County. 
1898-'99 — T. G. Skinner, D., Perquimans County; 

George Cowper, D., Hertford Coimty. 



Hertfokd County's Officers. 323 

1900-'01— C. S. Vaim, D., Chowan County; 

W. H. Bray, D., Currituck County. 
1902-'03— C. S. Vann, D., Chowan County; 

P. H. McMullen, D., Perquimans County. 
1904-'05— C. S. Vann, D., Chowan County; 

S. M. Beasley, D., Currituck County. 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

1868-'69— E. T. Snipes, E. 
1869-^70— E. T. Snipes, R. 
1870-'71— W. D. Newsom, Col., R. 
1871-'72— W. D. Newsom, CoL, R. 
1872-'73— James Sharp, R. 
1873-'74— James Sharp, R. 
1874-'75— Soloman Parker, R. 

1876-'77 — J. J. Horton, R., was given certificate of elec- 
tion, but his seat was contested by H. C. Maddrey, D., and 
Maddrey was seated. 

1879— J. J. Horton, R. 
1881— E. T. Snipes, R. 
1883-— George H. Mitchell, R. 
1885— Robert W. Winbome^ D. 
1887— E. T. Snipes, R. 
1889 — James L. Anderson, D. 
1891 — James L. Anderson, D. 
1893— W. P. Taylor, D. 
1895— Benj. B. Winbome, D. 
1897 — Starkey Hare, R. 
1899 — Isaac F. Snipes, R. 
1901 — Lloyd J. Lawrence, D. 
1903 — John E. Vann, D. 
1905— Benj. B. Winbome, D. 



324 JEisTORY OF Hektfoed County, N. C. 

THE INFEKIOB COURT. 

At the election of 1876 the Democrats elected the Gov- 
ernor, all the State officers and a large majority of the Gren- 
eral Assembly. The Constitution had been amended in 1875 
in many respects and the amendments had been ratified by 
the people at the August election in 1876. The negro popu- 
lation had so crowded the criminal dockets of our courts in 
the East that there was a demand for additional court facili- 
ties to relieve the Superior Courts of the criminal work, that 
the civil cases might be tried. The Legislature of 1876-'77 
appointed the justices of the peace for the several counties, and 
empowered them to establish Inferior Criminal Courts for 
their respective counties, which courts were given a limited 
criminal jurisdiction. They were to be presided over, where 
established, by three suitable persons to be selected by the 
justices of the peace from the body of the county. This 
court was established in Hertford in August, 1877. The 
officers at different times were as follows: 

1877-'79. 

Maj. J. W. Moore, Chairman; G. V. Cowper and W. P. 
Shaw. Cowper resigned in August, 1878, and H. C. Mad- 
dry was elected to fill the vacancy. 

1879-'81. 

W. P. Shaw, Chairman ; H. C. Maddry and J. B. Slaugh- 
ter. Slaughter resigned in August, 1880, and S. M. Aumack 
elected to fill the vacancy. 

1881-'83. 

W. P. Shaw, H. C. Maddry and J. B. Slaughter. Slaugh- 
ter resigned in February, 1884, and George W. Beverly 
elected to fill vacancy. They continued in office until Au- 
gust, 1887. 

1887-'89. 

David A. Barnes, H. C. Maddry and George W. Beverly. 



Hertford County's Officers. 325 

1889-1891. 
George W. Beverly, H. C. Maddry and S. M. Auinack. 

- ■ • • > • , 

SOLICITORS. 

1877 to August, 1883— B. B. Winborne. 

1883 to October, 1884—11. W. Winbonie. 

1884 to Augu&t, 1889— B. B. Winbome. 
1889 to February, 1891— E. W. Winbome. 

THE CRIMINAL COURT. 

Here the Inferior Court ended, and there was a popular 
demand throughout the county for the abolition of this court 
and for the establishment of a Criminal Court, with full 
criminal jurisdiction, to be presided over by a judge with all 
the qualifications of a Superior Court Judge. This was 
done by the Legislature of 1891. By the almost unanimous 
demand of the county the author was elected Judge of the 
new Criminal Court. He accepted the office at a great sac- 
rifice to himself. He remained Judge of the Court until 
1897, except for the short period from October, 1894, to 
March, 1905, when he resigned to serve in the Legislature of 
the State. After the adjournment of the Legislature of 1905 
he was re-appointed Judge of said Court by Governor Carr. 
He served as Judge until the Court was abolished in 1897 
by the Fusion Legislature. About 600 cases were tried be- 
fore him, covering all grades of criminal offences, statutory 
and common-law crimes. And only one appeal to the Su- 
preme Court was taken from his rulings, and he was affirmed 
in that — State v. Harrison, 115-706. 

SOLICITORS AT DIFFERENT TIMES. 

Peter B. Picot, Esq. 
John E. Vann, Esq. 
George Oowper, Esq. 



326 HiSTOEY OF Hertfobd County, N. C. 



CI.EBKS. 



The Clerks of the Superior Court were ex-officio Clerks 
of the Inferior and the Criminal Courts. 



COUNTY OFFICEHS. 



It may be of interest to some to know the names of the 
officers of the ooimty from, its formation to the present time : 



SHERIFFS. 



lY60-'62— 

1762-'66— Matthias Brickie. 

1766-'71— William Murfree. 

177l-'74— Nathan Harrell. 

1774-'77— John Harrell. 

1777-^82— Starkey Sharp I. 

1782-'84 — James Boon. 

1784-'86— Josiah Sumner. 

1786-'88— Moses Sumner. 

1788-'90— Starkey Sharp I. 

1790-'94— William Wynns. 

1794-'98— Matthias Brickie, Jr. 

1798-'1800— James Cherry. 

1800-'12 — Thomas Deanes. 

1812-^17— Isaac Carter. 

1817-'24— William B. Wynns. 

1824-'25 — Jesse Deanes. 

1825-'36 — ^Richard Greene Cowper. 

1836-'38— Edw. K. Jeggitts. 

1838 to May, 1844— R. G. Cowper. 

May, 1844, to August, 1844 — Preston Perry. 

1844 to November, 1848 — Abner J. Perry. 

1848 to August, 1856— John P. Bridger. 

1856-'60-^ohn A. Vann. 

1861-'67— Jackson B. Hare. 

1867-'76— Isaac Pipkin, D. 

1876-'78 — Jackson B. Hare, R. 



Hertford County's Officers. 827 

1878-'80— John Sharp. 

1880 — ^A. C. Vann, Tax Collector. 

1880-'84 — Joseph J. Jordan. 

1884 to December, 1894 — James S. Mitchell. 

1894-'96— William E. CuUen. 

1896-1900 — James S. Mitchell. 

1900-'03— William H. Tayloe. 

1903-^06— A. E. Garrett. 

CHAIRMEN OF THE OLD COUNTY COURT PRIOR TO 

WAR OF 1776. 

Kobert Sumner. 
Henry Winbome. 

AFTER THE WAR. 

Col. Matthias Brickie. 

Thomas Winbome. 

Thomas N. Brickie. 

Timothy Ridley. 

Thomas P. Little. 

1829— Elisha Winbome. 

1830-'51— John Vann. 

1851-'57 — John A. Anderson. 

1857-'61— Dr. Gkniwin C. Moore. 

1861, to June 18, 1861 — John A. Anderson, 

June, 1861-'66— William W. Mitchell. 

1866-'68— Watson L. Daniel. 

CLERKS OF THE COURT OF PLEAS AND QUARTER SESSIONS^ 

17 60-' 64 — Benjamin Wynns. 
l764-'72 — Benjamin Wynns, Jr. 
l772-'78 — George Wynns. 
1778-'80— Benjamin Wynns. 
l780-'90— Samuel Harrell. 
l790-'94— Nathan Harrell. 
1794-'97— William Wynns. . 
1797-1802— Nathan Harrell. 



328 History of Hertford County, N. C. . 

1802-'03 — ^Benjamin Wynns, Jr. 

1803-'22 — Joseph F. Dickinson. 

1822-^23 — George Gordon. 

1823-^58— Lewis M. Cowper. 

1858 to August, 1861 — Starkey S. Harrell. 

1861 to May, 1868 — ^Lewis M. Cowper. 

CLERK AND MASTER IN EQUITY. 

1806-'33 — ^Howell Jones. 
1833-^35— Bridger J. Montgomery. 
1835-'63— William M. Montgomery. 
1863-'68 — John A. Vann. 

COUNTY ATTORNEYS DURING THE DAYS OF THE OLD 

COUNTY COURTS. T 

1777-'90— Henry Hill. 

1790-1800 — ^Robert Montgomery. 

1800-'05— ^harp Blount. 

1805-'12— William H. Murfree. 

1812-'20— Thomas Maney. 

1820-'35— James S. Jones. 

1835 to !N'ovember, 1845 — ^Boscius C. Borland. 

1845 to May, 1849— W. K H. Smith. 

1849 to August, 1851 — A. Poma Yancey. 

1857 to August, 1855— W. D. Valentine. 

1855-^60— Jesse J. Yeates. 

1860-'62 — John H. Jemigan. 

1862-'65 — Joseph B. Slaughter. 

1865-'66— William Sharp. 

1866-'68— J. B. Slaughter. 

CLERKS OF SUPERIOR COURTS. 

1848-'51 — ^William D. Valentine; resigned August, 1861. 
1851-'54— John A. Vann. 
1854-^58- Starkey S. Harrell, Jr. 
1858-^68— George W. Beverly. 



Hertford County's Officers. 329 

1868 to October 5, 1870 — Starkey S. Harrell. 
1870 to January 2, 1872 — Joseph W. Perry. 
1872 to December, 1886— William J. Galling. 
1886 to April, 1889 — Thomas D. Boone. 

1889 to December, 1890— William J. Gatling. 

1890 to December, 1898 — Thomas D. Boone. 
1898 to March, 1901 — John F. Newsome. 
1901 to December, 1906 — Thomas D. Boone. 

NATIVE-BORX LAWYERS OF THE COUNTY^ AND WHO PRACTICED 

IN THE COUNTY. 

Henry Hill Murf reesboro. 

Robert Montgomery Murf reesboro. 

Sharp Blount Winton. 

William Hardy Murfree Musf reesboro. 

Harry W. Long Murfreesboro. 

Thomas Maney Murfreesboro. 

James Sydney Jones Pitch Landing. 

Eoscius Cicero Borland Murfreesboro. 

John Hill Wheeler Murfreesboro. 

William Nathan Harrell Smith Murfreesboro. 

Antonio Poma Yancey Murfreesboro. 

Jesse Johnson Yeates Murfreesboro. 

William Darden Valentine Winton. 

John Wheeler Moore .Murfreesboro. 

Joseph Blount Slaughter Pitch Landing. 

John Hunter Jemigan Harrellsville. 

William Sharp Hari'ellsville. 

Pulaski Cowper Murfreesboro. 

Joseph E. Carter Murfreesboro. 

James Lawrence Mitchell Winton. 

Denny Worthington Murfreesboro. 

Thomas Robert Jemigan Harrellsville. 

William Dorsey Pruden Harrellsville. 

Benjamin Brodie Winbome Murfreesboro. 

John Jesse Vann Winton. 



330 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

George Cowper Winton. 

Robert Warren Winbome Murfreesboro. 

Charles Spurgeon Vann Winton. 

Willis C. Warren Murfreesboro. 

Lloyd Jennings Lawrence Murfreesboro. 

John Eley Vann .Winton. 

Peter Blount Picot Winton. 

David Collin Barnes Murfreesboro. 

Roswell C. Bridger Winton. 

James E. Mitchell Wintbn. 

William W. Rogers Winton. 

Judge David Alexander Barnes moved to the county from 
ISTorthampton County in 1875 and resided in Murfreesboro 
until his death in 1892. Hon. Kenneth Rayner and Brack- 
ney T. Spiers studied law and obtained license, but did not 
practice. Charles H. Foster and James M. Trader obtained 
license to practice law under a strange statute enacted by the 
"carpet-bag'' Legislature of 1868-'69, which permitted any 
one to secure license by paying a license tax of $20 (Laws 
1868-'69, ch. 46). 

PUBLIC REGISTERS. 



* 



1760-^64 — Benjamin Wynns, Jr. 
1770-'74— Joseph Worth. 
1780-1890— jS'athan Harrell. 
1790— '91— Starkey Sharp. 
1791-'97— IS^athan Harrell. 
1797-'98— Jacob Sharp. 
1798-1800— Jacob Sharp. 
1800-'13— Mills Jemigan. 
1813-'20— George Gordon. 
1820-'24— John H. Gordon. 
1824-'25— Peter Butts. 
1825-'31— Andrew V. Duer. 
1831-'43— L. R. Jemigan. 



Hebtfoed County's Officees. 331 

1843-^4:5— Patrick Perry. 

1845 to August, 1846 — Henry B. Vanpelt. 

1846 to February, 1857— William J. Perry. 
1857-'66— John Sharp. 

1866-'68 — Joseph P. Jordan. 

EEOISTEE OF DEEDS. 

1868-'76— James M. Trader. 

1876-'82— Henry Clay Sharp. 

1882 to January, 1890 — ^Watson Lewis Daniel. 

1890 to December, 1896 — George A. Brown. 

1896, to December, 1900 — S. E. Marsh. 

1900 to October, 1905 — James P. Freeman. 

1905-'06— John A. Northcott. 

COUNTY TEUSTEES PEIOR TO 1790. 

Samuel Harrell. 
Nathan Harrell. 
Greorge Wynns. 
Starkey Sharp I. 

AFTEE 1790. 

1830-'43— John A. Anderson. 
1843 to May, 1844— Elisha D. Brett. 
* 1844-'54 — Lemuel E. Jemigan. 
1854-'61— Elisha D. Brett. 
1861-'62 — James Barnes. 
1862-'66— Starkey S. Harrell, Jr. 
1866-'68 — Samuel M. Aumack. 

COUNTY TREASUEEES. 

1868-^70— Jordan J. Horton, E. 
1870-'76— John A. Vann, D. 
1876-'78 — Josepb J. Brown, E. 

Since 1878 the Sheriff of the county has been ex-officio 
Treasurer of the county. 



332 History of Hertfoed County, N. C. 

entry-takers prior to the war of 1776. 

Matthias Brickie. 
Henry Winbome. 
William Wynns. 

AFTER THE WAR. 

Mills Jemigan. 

Andrew J, Northcott 

The Register of Deeds is now ex-ofBcio entry-taker. 

COUNTY SURVEYORS PRIOR TO WAR OF 1776. 

1762-'66— John Baker. 
1766-'70— Godwin Cotton. 

SINCE THE WAR. 

Pleasant Jordan. 
John A. Wynns. 
1800-^10— Samuel Bell. 
1810-'33— Sipha Smith. 
1833-'54— Jethro W. Barnes. 
1854-'68— Zepheniah Askew. 

SINCE 1868. 

Thadeiis E. Vann. 

J. W. Jessups. 

John F. Newsom. . . 

H. D. Harrell. 

J. D. Parker. 

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. 

1868 to 1870— John W. Harrel, Chairman; E. S. Parker, 
William D. Newsome, William Reed, Samuel HoUoman. 

1870 to 1872— J. W. Harrell, Chairman; G. A. Britt, 
Langley Tayloe, Jackson B. Hare, W. J. Gatling. 

1872 to 1874— E. T. Snipes, Chairman; W. B. Alexander, 
William Eeed, S. D. Winborne, L. S. Davis. 

1874 to 1876— S. D. Winborne, Chairman; A. C. Vann, 
William Reed, W. B. Alexander, E. T. Snipes. 



Miscellaneous Infoemation. 333 

1876 to 1878 — ^E. T. Snipes, Chairman; W. B. Alexander, 
William Reed, James I. Elliott, A. D. Godwin. 

1878 to 1880 — S. D. Winbome, Chairman; S. M. Aumack, 
J. Norfleet Harrell, John A. Vann, J. T. Wynns. 

County Attorney — B. B. Winborne, 

1880 to 1882 — S. M. Aumack, Chairman; J. K Harrell, 
John A. Vann, S. D. Winbome, J. T. Wynns. 

County Attorney — ^B. B. Winborne. 

1882 to 1886— J. K Harrell, Chairman; S. M. Aumack, 
J. L. Anderson, J. P. Freeman, S. D. Winbome^ 

County Attorney — B. B. Winborne. 

1886 to 1888— J. N. Harrell, Chairman; S. M. Aumack, 

A. I. Parker, J. P. Freeman, S. D. Winbome. 
County Attorney — B. B. Winborne. 

1888 to 1890— J. K Harrell, Chairman; J. P. Freeman, 
J. F. Newsome, J. D. Riddick, W. E. Cullens. 

County Attorney — B. B. Winbome. 

1890 to 1892— W. T. Brown, Chairman ; W. E. Cullens, 
Blount Ferguson, John F. Newsome, C. W. Mitchell. 

County Attorney — B. B. Winborne. 

1892 to 1894— W. T. Brown, Chairman; W. E. Cullens, 
Greorge W. Beverly, John F. Newsome, J. B. .Vaughan. 

County Attorney — J. J. Yeates. 

1894 to 1896— W. T. Brown, Chairman; A. I. Parker, 
T. E. Vann, J I^". Holloman, J. T. Williams. 

County Attorney — J. J. Yeates. 

1896 to 1898— G. W. Mitchell, Chairman, J. B. Vaughan, 
E. T. Snipes. 

County Attorney — George Cowper. 

1898 to 1900— J. H. Mitchell, Chairman; G. W. MitcheU, 
J. B. Vaughan, J. M. Eley, A. I. Parker, J. C. Vinson, 
J. G. Majette, B. F. Williams. 

County Attorney — George Cowper. 

1900 to 1902— J. G. Majette, Chairman; A. I. Parker, 

B. F. Williams, J. C. Vinson, J. H. Mitchell. ' 
County Attorney — John E. Vann. 



334 History of Heetfokd County, N. C. 

1902 to 1904 — J. G. Majette, Chairman; J. C. Vinson, 
A. I. Parker, C. W. Parker, B. F. Williams. 

County Attorney — ^L. J. Lawrence. 

1904 to 1906— J. G, Majette, Chairman; J. C. Vinson, 
A. I. Parker, C. W. Parker, W. E. CuUens. 

County Attorneys — ^Winbome & Lawrence. 

TJ. S. CENSUS OF 1900. 

Population of United States 84,907,156 

Population of North Carolina 1,893,810 

Population of Virginia 1,854,184 

Population of Hertford County, InT. C 14,294 

TOWNS IN THE COUNTY. 

Murfreesboro — Incorporated 1787. Population in 1906 
about 900. 

Average Temperature for Degrees. 

January 45 11-14 

February 42 

March 50J 

April 60 23-30 

May 67i 

June 72^ 

July 77 

August 76 5-28 

September 72 

October 59 2-3 

!N'ovember 49 3-5 

December 45 1-3 

This average temperature of Murfreesboro was ascertained 

by an accurate diary of the thermometer kept for each day 

throughout the year. 

Winton — Incorporated in 1768. Population in 1906 

about 800. 

Union — Incorporated in 1889. Population in 1906 

about 150. 



MiSCELLANEOrs INFORMATION. 335 

Harrellsville — Incorporated in 1883. Population in 1906 
about 400. 

Ahoshie — Incorporated in 1893. Population in 1900 
about 300. 

Mapleton — Incorporated in 1901. Population in 1906 
about 40. 

In addition to the newspapers mentioned in text, which 
have been published in the coun^, are tbe Murfreesboro 
Enquirer^ from about 1876 to 1883 ; edited by E. L. 0. Ward. 
That was followed by the Murfreesboro Index, which still 
lives, and edited by John W, Hicks. The Hertford Herald 
is also published by A. J. Conner, of Eich Square, North- 
ampton, and it hails from Ahoskie, N. C. 




COUNTIES IN NORTH CAROLINA. 

Name. County-seat, When created. 

Alamance Gmham 1848. 

Alexander Taylorsville 1846. 

Alleghany JSparta 1859. 

Aneon : Wadesboro 1749. 

Ashe Jefferson 1799. 

Beaufort Washington 1741. 

Bertie Windsor 1722. 

Bladen Elizabethtown 1734. 

Brunswick Smithville 1764. 

Buncombe Asheville 1791. 

Burke Morganton 1777. 

Cabarrus Concord 1792. 

Caldwell Lenoir 1841. 

Camden Camden C. H 1777. 

^Carteret Beaufort 1777. 

Caswell Yanceyville 1777. 

Catawba Newton 1842. 

Chatham Pittsboro 1770. 

Cherokee Murphy 1839. 

Chowan Edenton 1716. 

Clay .Hayeeville 1861. 

Cleveland Shelby 1841. 

Columbus .Whiteville 1808. 

Craven New Bern 1710. 

Cumberland Fayetteville 1754. 

Currituck ^Currituck 0. H 1729. 

Dare Msmteo 1870. 

Davidson Lexington 1822. 

Davie Mocksville 1836. 

Duplin Kenansville . . .' 1749. 

Durham Durham 1881. 

* This territory was allotted to Lord Carteret, who refused to sell to 
the Crown in 1729, and became a county in 1777. 



Miscellaneous Information. 337 

Name. County-seat. When created. 

Edg^ecombe .Tarboro 1733. 

Forsyth Winstan 1848. 

FranMin Looiisburg 1779. 

Gaston Dallas 1846. 

Gateft G^tesville ^ . . 1779. 

Graham Eobbinsville 1871. 

Granville Oxford 1746. 

Greene. Snow Hill 1791. 

Guilford .Greensboro 1770. 

Halifax Halifax 1758. 

Harnett ^ Lillington 1855. 

Havwoc'd Wa vnesville 1808. 

Henderson Hendersonville 1838. 

Hertford Winton 1759. 

Hyde Swan Quarter . . . .Prior tx> 1729. 

Iredell Statesville 1788. 

Jackson Webster 1850. 

Johnston Smithfield 1746. 

Jones Trenton 1779. 

Lenoir Kinston 1791. 

Lincoln Xinoohiton 1779. 

Macon Franklin 1828. 

Madison Marshall 1850. 

Martin Williamston 1774. 

McDowell Marion 1842. 

Mecklenburg Charlotte 1762. 

Mitchell Bakersville 1861. 

Montgomery Troy 1779. 

Moore Carthage ... 1784. 

Nash Nashville 1777. 

New Hanover Wilmington 1728. 

Northampton Jackson 1741. 

Onslow Jacksonville 1734. 

22 



338 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

Name, County-seat, When created. 

Orange Hillsboro 1751. 

Pamlico Baybopo 1872. 

Pasquotank Elizabeth City 1729. 

Pender Biirgaw 1875. 

Person Koxboro 1791. 

Perquimans Hertford .Prior to 1729. 

Pitt Greenville 1760. 

Polk Cohimbiis 1855. 

Kandolph Vshboro 1779. 

Richmond Rockingham 1779. 

Robeson Lumberton 1786. 

Rockingham Wentworth 1785. 

Rowan Salisbury 1753. 

Rutherford .Rutherfordton 1779. 

S-ampson ^Tlinton 1784. 

Scotland Laiirinburg 1901. 

Stanlv Albemarle 1841. 

Stokes Danbury 1789. 

Surry Mt. Airy 1770. 

Swain Bryson City 1871. 

Transylvania Brevard 1860. 

Tvrrell Columbia Prior to 1729. 

Union Monroe 1842. 

Vance Henderson 1881. 

Wake Raleigh 1770. 

Warren Warrenton 1779. 

Washington Plymouth 1799. 

Watauga Boone 1849. 

Wayne Ooldsboro 1779. 

Wilkes Wilkesboro 1777. 

Wilson Wilson 1855. 

Yadkin. . .Yadkinville 1850. 

Yancey .Bumsville 1833. 



Miscellaneous Information. 339 

lords proprietors. 

The times of the Lords Proprietors and their government 
dates from the settlement of Carolina up to 1729, when all 
the Lords Proprietors except Lord Carteret sold their rights 
to the soil of Carolina and franchises acquired under the 
charter of King Charles II., to the King of England for 
$45,000. 

The oldest of the Lords Proprietors was made the Palatine 
or President of the Lords who claimed rights under the Great 
Grant of Carolina. 

COLONIAL TIMES. 

The Colonial days of North Carolina were from 1729 to 
November, 1776. 

STATEHOOD DAYS. 

The days of Statehood of North Carolina date from No- 
vember, 1776. 

COLONIAL GOVERNORS. 

Date when sworn in — 

1730 — George Burrington. 
1734 — Gabriel Johnson. 
1753 — Matthew Eowan. 
1754— Arthur Dobbs. 
1765— William Tryon. 
1771 — Josiah Martin. 

STATE GOVERNORS OF NORTH CAROLINA. 
ELECTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

Dates when sworn in. Names, Counties. 

1776^ — Richard Caswell Lenoir. 

1770 — Abner Xash Craven. 

1 781 — Thomas Burke Orange. 

1782 — Alexander ]\Iartin Guilford. 

1784 — Richard Caswell Lenoir. 

1787 — Samuel Johnson Chowan. 



340 HisTOEY OF Hebtfoed County, N. C. 

Dates when sworn in. Names, Counties. 

1789 — Alexander Martin Guilford. 

1792 — ^Richard rtebbs Speight, Sr Craven. 

1795 — Samuel Ashe New Hanover. 

1798— William R Davie Halifax. 

1799 — Benjamin Williams Moore. 

1802 — James Turner Warren. 

1805 — ^Nathaniel Alexander .Mecklenburg. 

1807 — Benjamin Williams Moore. 

1808 — David Stone Bertie. 

1810 — ^Benjamin Smith Brunswick. 

1811 — William Hawkins Warren. 

1814— William Miller Warren. 

1817 — rTohn Branch Halifax. 

1820 — Jesse Franklin Surry. 

1821 — Gabriel Holmes Sampson. 

1824 — Hutchings G. Burton Halifax. 

1827 — James Iredell Chowan. 

1828 — John Owen Bladen. 

1830— Montford Stokes . .' Wilkes. 

1832 — David L. Swain Buncombe. 

1835 — Richard Dobbs Speight, Jr Craven. 

The Constitutional Convention of 1835 amended the Con- 
stitution of 1776, and since then the Governors have been 
elected by the people at the ballot-box. 

1837 — Edward B. Dudley New Hanover. 

1841 — John M. Morehead Guilford. 

1845 — William A. Graham Orange. 

1849— Charles Manly Wake. 

1851 — David S. Eeid Rockingham. 

1854 — ^\Varren Winslow, ex officio Cumberland. 

1855 — Thomas Bragg Northampton. 

1858— John W. Ellis Rowan. 

1861 — Henry T. Clark, ex officio Edgecombe. 



MiSCELL'ANEOUS INFORMATION. 34:1 

1863 — Z. B. Vance Buncombe. 

1866— W. W. Holden (provisional) Wake. 

1866 — Jonathan Worth Randolph. 

1868— W. W. Holden .Wake. 

1870— Tod E. Caldwell Burke. 

1874 — Curtis H. Brogden Wayne. 

1876 — Z. B. Vance Buncombe. 

1879— Thos. J. Jarvis Pitt. 

1885— Alfred M. Scales Guilford. 

1889— Daniel G. Fowle Wake. 

1891— Thomas M. Holt Alamance. 

1893 — Elias Carr . .Edgecombe. 

1897 — Daniel L. Russell New Hanover. 

1901 — Charles B. Ayeock Wayne. 

1905— Robert B. Glenn Forsyth. 



STATES IN THE UNION. 

THIRTEEN ORIGINAL STATES. 

The dates given show when they entered the Union by 
ratifying the Federal Constitution. 

Delaware Dec. 7, 1787. 

Pennsylvania Dec. 12, 1787. 

New Jersey Dec. 18, 1787. 

Georgia Jan. 2, 1788. 

Connecticut Jan. 9, 1788. 

Massachusetts Feb. 6, 1788. 

Maryland April 28, 1788. 

South Carolina May 23, 1788. 

New Hampshire June 21, 1788. 

Virginia June 25, 1788. 

New York July 26, 1788. 

North Carolina Nov. 21, 1789. 

Rhode Island May 29, 1789. 



342 



HisTOKY OF Hertford County, N. C. 



The following States were admitted into the Union 
vote of Congress: 

Vermont Mar. 4 

Kentucky June 1 

Tennessee June 1 

Ohio Nov. 29 

Louisiana April 30 

Indiana Dec. 11 

Mississippi Dec. 10 

Illinois Dec. 3 

Alabama Dec. 14 

Maine - Mar. 15 

Missouri Aug. l6 

Arkansas June 15 

Michigan Jan. 26 

Florida Mar. 3 

Texas Dec 29 

Iowa Dec. 28 

Wisconsin • May 29 

California Sept 9 

Minnesota May 11 

Oregon Feb. 14 

Kansas Jan. 29 

West Virginia June 19 

'jSTevada Oct. 31 

Nebraska Mar. 1 

Colorado Aug. 1 

North Dakota Nov. 2 

South Dakota Nov. 2 

Montana Nov. 8 

Washington Nov. 11 

Idaho July 3 

Wyoming July 10 

Utah Jan. 4 



by a 

1791. 
1792. 
1796. 
1802. 
1812. 
1816. 
1817. 
1818. 
1819. 
1820. 
1821. 
1836. 
1837. 
1845. 
1845. 
1846. 
1848. 
1850. 
1858. 
1859. 
1861. 
1863. 
1864. 
1867. 
1876. 
1889. 
1889. 
1889. 
1889. 
1890. 
1890. 
1896. 



Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Indian Territory 
will probably be admitted within the next year. The two 



Miscellaneous Information. 343 

former territories will be admitted as one State, and the 
latter two as one State. 

Note. — Since writing the above, Oklahoma and Indian 
Territories have been admitted in the Union as one State 
named Oklahoma, and the other two were admitted upon the 
condition that their admission as one. State, Arizona, is rati- 
fied by the voters. 

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Elected for the following terms — 

1789-1796— George Washington. 

1796-1800 — John Adams. 

1800-1808— Thomas Jefferson. 

1808-1816 — James Madison. 

1816-1824— James Monroe. 

1824-1828— John Q. Adams. 

1828-1836— Andrew Jackson. 

1836-1840— Martin Van Buren. 

1840-1844— William H. Harrison. 

1844-1848— James K. Polk. 

1848-1852— Zachary. Taylor. He died, and Vice-Presi- 
dent Millard Fillmore was sworn July 9, 1850. 

1852-1856— Franklin Pierce. 

1856-1860 — James Buchanan. 

1860-1864 — Abraham Lincoln. 

1864-1868 — Abraham Lincoln. He was elected, but as- 
sassinated April 14, 1865, and Andrew Johnson, Vice-Presi- 
dent, on April 15, 1865, was sworn in as President, and 
impeached and acquitted May 26, 1868. 

1868-1876— U. S. Grant. 

1876-1880— R. B. Hayes. 

1880-1884 — J. A. Garfield was elected, but was assassina- 
ted September 19, 1881, and Vice-President Chester A. 
Arthur sworn in as President, September 20, 1881. 

1884-1888— Gpover Cleveland. 

1888-1892— Benjamin Harrison. 



344 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

189^-1896 — Grover Cleveland. 

1896-1900— William McKinley. 

1900-1904 — ^William McKinley. He was assassinated Sep 
tember 6, 1901, and Theodore Roosevelt, Vice-President, V7as 
sworn in as President, September 15, 1901. 

1904-1908 — Theodore Roosevelt 

■ 

Henry Clay was defeated for President three times. Dan- 
iel Webster defeated once. John C. Calhoun was never a 
nominee for President. James G. Blaine defeated once, and 

William J. Bryan defeated twice. Thomas Jefferson was 

' 

defeated once before he was elected. The eloquent John C. 
Breckenridge could never be elected President. It is no 
criterion that an officer is the greatest man and better qualified 
than others to fill the office. It very often happens that very 
inferior men are elected to fill the most important offices. 



SOME USEFUL RULES FOR THE FARMER 

AND BUSINESS MAN. 

HOW TO KEEP HAMS. 

Rule 1. — After smoking them, take them down and thor- 
oughly ^ub the flesh part with molasses, then immediately 
apply ground black pepper, as much as will stick to the mo- 
lasses, then hang them up to dry. They will keep perfectly 
sweet, and insects will not appear on them. 

Rule 2, — ^After your hams have taken salt, smoke them 
well, then take them down and dip them for a few seconds in 
boiling water. This will kill all eggs of insects, if any, then 
roll them in dry ashes while \vet and rehang them. Ee- 
smoke them if you choose. The shoulders and sides may 
be treated in the same way. With this treatment bugs and 
skippers will never appear. 

REMEDY FOR PEAR-TREE BLIGHT. 

Mix one pint of common salt with four times its bulk of 
ashes. Spread around the roots a foot or more from trunk 
of tree, but do not let the mixture come in contact with tree. 



Miscellaneous Information. 345 

HEALTH. 

Avoid hog-pens near your residence. They breed fevers, 
sickness and death. 

A DURABLE WHITEWASH. 

The IT. S. Government formula. The author has tried it 
and found it almost equal to oil paint. 

To ten parts of good slack lime add one quart best hy- 
draulic cement, or any other good quality of cement. (The 
Portland is the best cement.) Mix well with salt water and 
apply quite thin. There is no other whitewash equal to this. 

HOW TO LOOK AFTER YOUNG CHICKENS. 

Chicken lice go to the head of the chicken at night When 
the young chicken is four or five days old, grease its head 
with lard. You may mix a little coal-oil with the lard if 
vou choose. 

YOUNG PIGS. 

The summer is the time to look after your pigs and keep 
them healthy and in a thrifty condition. Never feed them 
with the larger hogs. Always have a pen with a slip for the 
pigs to get in, and feed them separate. You ean teach the 
sow and pigs quickly to govern themselves to fit your rules. 

HOW TO KILL IRISH POTATO BUGS. 

Mix an ounce of London purple with three gallons of 
water, and by the use of a watering pot sprinkle the vines of 
the potatoes. The London purple is better than the Paris 
green. 

HOW TO KEEP POTATOES. 

Dust the floor of your bin with lime. Then lay the pota- 
toes over six or seven inches deep, then dust well with lime 
again, and repeat the layer of potatoes, and so on. One 
bushel of lime will do for forty bushels of potatoes. The 
lime will improve the flavor of the potatoes, and is harmless. 



* 



346 History of Hertford County, N. C. 

how to measure corn in bulk. 

Level the com so as to get an even depth throughout the 
pile, then measure the length and breadth of the pile, and 
multiply the lengtii by the breadth, which will give the num- 
ber of cubic feet of the bulk of com. Divide the product 
of the multiplication by 12, and the quotient will be the num- 
ber of barrels of shelled com in the bulk. Should there be 
a remainder, it will be so many twelfths of a barrel of shelled 
corn over. 

LAND MEASUREMENT TABLE. 

625 sq. links 1 pole. 

16 poles 1 sq. chain. 

10 sq. chains 1 acre. 

640 acres 1 sq. mile. 

An acre is the unit of land measure, and is 10 sq. chains. 
A rood is a quarter of an acre, and contains 25,000 sq. links. 
A perch, or pole, or rod, is thfe 160th of an acre, and con- 
tains 30;^ sq. yards, or 625 sq. links. The Gunter's chain 
used by surveyors is 22 yards long, and divided into 100 
links of 7 92-100 inches each. An acre embraces 10 sq. 
chains, or 100,000 sq. links. The outside measurements of 
land is estimated by running chains and links, and the con- 
tents by sq. chains and links. 

HOW TO MEASURE LAND. 

Multiply the length by the width (in rods) and divide the 
product by 160, and this will give the number of acres and 
hundredths of an acre. When the sides of the land are 
irregular and of unequal length, add them together and take 
one-half for the main length or width. Multiply this by the 
depth and divide by 31^. This will give the number of acres 
in the piece of land. 21,500 cubic inches will contain ten 
bushels of shelled corn, but the same space filled with corn 
in the ear will shell out rather more than five bushels. These 
21,500 cubic inches contain 12 cubic feet and 764 cubic 



Miscellaneous Infobmation. 347 

■ 

inches over. Two barrels or ten bushels of com in the ear 
will generally in shelling overrun these 764 cubic inches. 

HOW TO RID YOUR LAND OF STUMPS. 

In the autumn bore a hole one or two inches in diameter, 
according to the size of the stump, about 18 inches deep. 
Fill this hole with one or two ounces of saltpetre, then fill 
the hole with water and plug it up close. Next spring take 
out the plug and fill it with kerosene oil and ignite it. The 
fire will soon burn the stump down to and throughout its 
roots. 

HOW TO LAY OFF LOTS OF LAND. 

In laying off small lots the following measurements will 
be found accurate and correct: 

52-J feet square, or 2,722^ square feet, is 1-16 of an acre. 
74 2-3 feet square, or 5,415 square feet, is ^ of an acre. 
104J feet square, or 10,590 square feet, is J of an acre. 
147^ feet square, or 21,780 square feet, is ^ of an acre. 
208 2-r3 feet square, or 43,560 square feet, is 1 acre. 

HOW TO ASCERTAIN THE NUMBER OF FEET IN SCANTLING, 
. • JOISTS^ PLANKS^ SILT.S, ETC 

For scantlings, sills, joists, etc., multiply the width by the 
thickness and then multiply tbe result by the length, then 
divide the product by 12. This will give the number of 
square feet in the piece of timber. To measure boards mul- 
tiyly the length (in feet) by the width (in inches) and divide 
the product by 12. The result ^vill be the number of square 
feet the board contains. 

HANDY RULES TO CALCULATE INTEREST.. 

Bule 1. — For finding the interest on any principal for any 
number of days, multiply in each case the dollars by the num- 
ber of days, and for ascertaining at the rate of 

4 per cent, divide the amount by 90. 

5 per cent, divide the amount by 72. 



348 History of Hertford County, 'N. C. 

• 

6 per cent, divide the amount by 60. 

8 per cent, divide the amount by 45. 

9 per cent, divide the amount by 40. 

I hope interest will never get higher, so I will annex the 
table. 

Rule 2. — ^lilultiply the principal by the number of days; 
separate the right hand figure from the product and divide 
by 9, if the rate of interest is 4 per cent. If 5 per cent, 
multiply by number of days and divide by 72. If 6 per 
cent, multiply by number of days, separate the right hand 
figure and divide it by 6. If 8 per cent, multiply by the num- 
ber of days and divide by 45. 

The author never calculates interest according to the above 
rules, but follows the old established rules given in the 
academic arithmetics. 

Rule 3. — For finding the interest on any principal for any 
number of days, the answer in each case being in cents, sepa- 
rate the two right hand figures to express it in dollars and 
cents. Four per cent, multiply the principal by the num- 
ber of days to run; separate the right hand figure from the 
product and divide by 9. Five per cent, multiply by num- 
ber of days and divide by 72. Six per cent, divide by 60. 
Seven per cent, divide by 57. Eight per cent, divide by 45. 

FOR CHOLERA INFANTUM. 

Two whites of two eggs well beaten ; mix with pure water 
and one tablespoonful of orange-flower water and a little 
sugar, and give a tablespoonful every hour. It is said to 
cure the worst cases of cholera infanutm. The eggs cool and 
heal the bowels. 

FOR CROUP. 

Dip a flannel cloth in a mixture of sweet oil and kerosene 
oil and tie it around the child's throat at night, and he will 
be well by morning. The sweet oil prevents the kerosene oil 
from burning and taking the skin off. 



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DEC 22 76 H